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7y

AREA WAGE SURVEY
S alt Lake C ity—Ogden, Utah, M etropolitan Area
November 1975
B ulletin 1 8 5 0 -7 4

D C M T C LLE TIO
O U EN O C N
APR 2 61976
Dayton & Montgomery Co.
Public Library
TOOELE

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
_ _ Bureau of Labor Statistics

APR t ‘78


5




Preface
This bulletin provides results of a November 1975 survey of occupational earnings
and supplementary wage benefits in the Salt Lake City—
Ogden, Utah, Standard Metropolitan
Statistical Area (Davis, Salt Lake, Tooele, and Weber Counties).
The survey was made as
part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics' annual area wage survey program . The program
is designed to yield data for individual metropolitan areas, as well as national and regional
estimates for all Standard Metropolitan Statistical A reas in the United States, excluding
Alaska and Hawaii.
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the
level and movement of wages in a variety of labor m arkets, through the analysis of (1) the
level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational
category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many
purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in
determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor
to make wage determinations under the Service Contract A ct of 1965.
Currently, 83 areas are included in the program . (See list of areas on inside back
cover.) In each area, occupational earnings data are collected annually. Information on
establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits is obtained every third year.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary
bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each metropolitan area surveyed.
The second summary bulletin presents national and regional estim ates, projected from
individual metropolitan area data.
The Salt Lake City^-Ogden survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office
in Kansas City, under the general direction of Edward Chaiken, Assistant Regional C om m is­
sioner for Operations.
The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation
of the many firm s whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical infor­
mation in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation
received.

Note:
Reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions in the Salt Lake
City—
Ogden area are available for laundry and dry cleaning (November 1975) and the moving
and storage industry (November 1975). Also available are listings of union wage rates for
building trades, printing trades, local-transit operating em ployees, local truckdrivers and
helpers, and grocery store employees. Free copies of these are available from the Bureau's
regional offices.
(See back cover for addresses.)

AR EA W A G E SU R VE Y

Bulletin 1850-74

^g-[

U.S. D EPA RTM EN T OF LABOR, W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

March 1976

Sa lt Lake C ity —Ogden, Utah, Metropolitan Area, November 1975
CONTENTS

Page

Introduction___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2

Tables:
A.

Earnings:
A -l.
Weekly earnings of office w orkers_________________________________________________________________________________________
3
A -2 .
Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers _________________________________________________________________
5
A -3 .
Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex _____________________________________ 6
A -4 .
Hourly earnings of maintenance and powerplant workers ________________________________________________________________ 7
A -5 .
Hourly earnings of custodial and m aterial movement workers __________________________________________________________ 8
A -6 .
Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, andm aterial movement workers, by s e x _______ 10
A -7 .
Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupationalgroups, adjusted for employment sh ifts.. 11

B.

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
B -l.
Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and c le r k s ______________________________________________________
B -2 .
Late shift pay provisions for full-tim e manufacturing plant w orkers___________________________________________________
B -3 .
Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-tim e first-sh ift w orkers______________________________________________________
B -4 .
Annual paid holidays for full-tim e workers _______________________________________________________________________________
B -4 a . Identification of major paid holidays for full-tim e w o r k e r s_____________________________________________________________
B -5 .
Paid vacation provisions for full-tim e w orkers___________________________________________________________________________
B -6 .
Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-tim e w orkers_____________________________________________________________

Appendix A .
Appendix B.




12
13
14
15
16
17
20

Scope and method of su rvey _________________________________________________________________________________________________ 22
Occupational descriptions____________________________________________________________________________________________________ 25

For sa le b y th e S uperintend ent o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t Printing O f f i c e , W a sh in g ton , D . C . 2 0 4 0 2 , G PO B ookstores, o r
BLS R e g io n a l O ffic e s listed on b a c k c o v e r .

P rice 75 cen ts .

M a k e c h e c k s p a y a b le t o S u p erin ten d en t o f D ocu m en ts.

Introduction
This area is 1 of 83 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and
related benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data were obtained
by personal visits of Bureau field economists to representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry
groups excluded from these studies are government operations and the
construction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer than
a prescribed number of workers are omitted because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.
A -series tables
Tables A - 1 through A -6 provide estimates of straight-time
hourly or weekly earnings for workers in occupations common to a
variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupations
were selected from the following categories: (a) Office clerical, (b) pro­
fessional and technical, (c) maintenance and powerplant, and (d) custodial
and material movement. In the 31 largest survey areas, tables A -l a
through A -6 a provide similar data for establishments employing 500
workers or more.
Following the occupational wage tables is table A - 7 which
provides percent changes in average earnings of office clerical work­
e rs, electronic data processing workers, industrial nurses, skilled




maintenance workers, and unskilled plant workers.
This m easure of
wage trends eliminates changes in average earnings caused by em ploy­
ment shifts among establishments as well as turnover of establishments
included in survey samples. Where possible, data are presented for all
industries, manufacturing, and nonmanufacturing. Appendix A discusses
this wage trend measure.
B -se r ie s tables
The B -series tables present information on minimum entrance
salaries for office workers; late-sh ift pay provisions and practices for
plant workers in manufacturing; and data separately for plant and office
workers on scheduled weekly hours and days of fir st-sh ift w orkers; paid
holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans.
Appendixes
This bulletin has two appendixes.
Appendix A describes the
methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program. It provides
information on the scope of the area survey and information on the area's
industrial composition in manufacturing.
It also provides information
on labor-management agreement coverage.
Appendix B provides job
descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in
occupations for which straight-tim e earnings information is presented.

A. Earnings
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —
Number

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n
workei*

AU. r , g f
weekly
hours1
(standard)

$
Mean ^

M edian*

Middle ranged

S

S

75

80

$

S
90

100

$
no

S

S
120

130

S
140

S

$

i ----------- r

$

160

IS O

170

180

190

S
200

S

i

2 20

2 10

s

S

S

240

230

250

1 -------

2 60

270

and
u nd er

and

no

130

is

*

16

4

4

6

2

10

-

100

1

4

28

3

1

2

140

150

120

90

80

160

170

180

190

2 00

2 30 _ 2 4 f l_ - 1 5 f t - 2 60

2 20

2 10

270 o v e r

ALL WORKERS
77

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------

28

4 0 .0

o
o

B IL L E R S, MACHINE (B IL L IN G
MACHINE) ----------------------- -----------------------

$
1 2 2 .0 0

$
1 1 2 .0 0

1 4 1 .0 0

1 4 0 .5 0

1 2 7 .5 0 -1 5 5 .0 0

-

-

1

-

-

4

7

15

-

.
-

-

36
36
-

5
5
-

38
5
33
-

53
11
42
-

81
35
46
16

31
7
24
10

46
14
32
6

20
2
18
4

40
5
35
19

24
24
8

93
1
92
-

80
10
70
5

133
27
106
12

175
11
164
44

64
24
40

90
14
76

15
6
9

1
1

-

1
1

3
3

-

14
14
-

11
6

22
16

55
47

24
22

3
3

-

9
9

31
10
21

13
7
6

17
5
12

$

H

$

9 6 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------

26

4 0 .0

1 0 9 .0 0

1 1 2 .5 0

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------------------

433
88
345
1 03

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 0 .5 0
1 5 9 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0
1 9 5 .5 0

1 5 0 .0 0
1 4 9 .5 0
1 5 0 .5 0
1 8 0 .0 0

1 3 6 .0 0 -1 8 0 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0 -1 6 5 .5 0
1 3 2 .0 0 -1 8 2 .0 0
1 5 s .5 0 -2 3 8 .00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING------------ — - —
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------------------

669
97
572
61

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 9 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0

1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0

1 0 4 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
l l s . 0 0 - 1 2 6 ,5 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B -------------------NONMANUFACTURING — - — -------------

117
96

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0

1 1 2 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
H O .0 0 - 1 2 0 .0 0

CLERKS, F IL E ,

CLASS C --------------------

1 39

3 9 .5

9 5 .5 0

9 4 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

170
34
1 36

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 9 .0 0
1 4 3 .5 0
1 6 3 .0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------- --------------

92
37
55

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTUPING ------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------------------

1 38
30
108
30

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

-

-

6

“

2

.
-

9 8 .0 0

-

1

1 09

1 2 5 .0 0 -1 9 5 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0 -1 5 4 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0 -1 9 6 .0 0

2
2

5
5

1
1

“

-

39
12
27

1 5 2 .5 0
1 3 6 .5 0
1 6 3 .0 0

1 3 4 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0

1 2 3 .0 0 -1 6 8 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0 -1 6 1 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0 -1 8 0 .0 0

-

_
•
-

2
2

5
4
1

14
12
2

23
6
17

4
4

7
1
6

5
4
1

12
6
6

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 5 7 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0
1 9 1 .0 0

1 4 9 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0
1 5 2 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0

1 3 4 .5 0 -1 6 3 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0 -1 4 9 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -1 6 8 .5 0
1 4 7 .0 0 -2 4 3 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
3
17
-

27
7
20
6

29
14
15
6

16
2
14
-

423
80
343

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 8 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0

1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0 -1 3 1 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

-

-

.
-

19
4
15

54
8
46

67
11
56

102
22
80

71
20
51

57
5
52

MESSENGERS -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

78
75

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0

9 2 .5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

1
1

5
5

28
28

27
25

12
11

2
2

1
1

-

SECRETARIES -----------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------------------

947
296
651
218

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 7 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0
1 9 1 .0 0

1 5 9 .0 0
1 5 2 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0
1 9 0 .5 0

1 3 8 .5 0 -1 9 3 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0 -1 7 8 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0 -1 9 5 .5 0
1 5 9 .0 0 -2 1 7 .0 0

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

13
5
8
*

56
17
39
15

77
35
42
15

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

53
33

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 7 .5 0
1 8 8 .5 0

1 7 2 .5 0
1 8 2 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 -1 9 5 ,5 0
1 7 ? .5 0 - 2 0 0 .0 0

-

_

_

_

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -----------------MANUFACTURING — ----------------- --------NONMANUFACTURING — — --------------PUBLIC U J I L IT I F S --------------------

197
32
165
56

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 7 .5 0
1 6 1 .5 0
1 8 0 .5 0
2 1 3 .5 0

1 6 4 .5 0
1 5 4 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0
2 1 9 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0 -2 0 7 .0 0
1 5 4 .0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0 -2 0 7 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0 -2 4 3 .5 0

.

.

3
1
2
2

2
2
-

-

.

_

.

-

-

*

*

*

•

.

14
1
13
13

-

.

29

1 4 8 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0
1 5 5 .5 0

1
1
*

13
13
13

2
2

.
-

1
1
1

6
1
5
5
.

19
4
15
6

*

W o r k e r s w e r e at $ 2 70 t o $ 2 8 0 .

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e s .




9 2 .0 0 -

_

_

-

_

-

-

*

-

-

2

8

-

-

-

*

-

2

8
-

14

-

8

14

3
3
-

4

.
-

17
2
15
1

4
l
3
1

5
5
1

7
1
6
3

30
8
22

4
4

4
4

4
2
2

6

5

6

5

.

.

-

*

1
1

*

-

-

-

1
1

-

~

101
46
55
10

119
39
80
10

125
45
80
5

86
23
63
8

49
13
36
10

76
19
57
36

54
9
45
18

71
8
63
26

28
8
20
15

19
5
14
10

3

.

8

9

7
6

2
1

8
5

9
8

2
2

7
7

-

36
13
23
5

17
6
11
5

5
1
4
-

11
2
9
-

14

18
2
16
3

17
5
12
-

30
2
28
5

4

-

14
2

6

24

1

6

24

-

-

*

*

-

1
1

_
-

.
-

_
-

6
6

2
2

3
1
2

1
1

-

3

9

-

-

-

9
9

“

*

“

.

•

-

.

-

*

-

-

.

-

“

*

*

“

13
4
9

6

6

21
5
16
13

1
5
5

11
10
1
-

21
4
17
16

1
1

4
2

-

-

-

*

-

'l
1

4

10
1
9
9

1
*
1
1

1

7

1
”

7
*6

1

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

9

7

-

-

9
9

7
7

4
4

-

-

Weekly earning, 1
(standard)
Number
of

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —
5

S

Average
weekly
hours*
(standard

S

S

%

$

S

$

S

S

S

s

$

90

100

no

120

130

140

ISO

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

80

O cc u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

80

90

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

over

-

20
1
19

8
5
3

31
11
20

17
6
11

15
6
9

34
7
27

26
2
24

40
9
31
28

27
27

37
1
36

12
3
9

9
2
7

7
3
4

9
5
4

7
5
2

3
3
-

75
Mean i

Median *

Middle ranged

and
u n d er

and

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
SECRETARIES -

CONTINUED
$

1 4 5 .5 0 -2 0 5 .5 0
1 4 ] .0 0 -2 3 2 .0 0
1 4 8 .5 0 -2 0 3 .0 0

-

*ou

$
1 7 9 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0
1 9 4 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 5 1 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0
1 5 2 .5 0

1 4 5 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0

1 2 7 .5 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0 -1 6 2 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

270

4 0 .0

1 3 9 .5 0

1 2 5 .5 0

1 1 3 .5 0 -1 5 6 .5 0

.

NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------------------------------

207
70

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 2 .5 0
1 8 2 .0 0

1 3 1 .0 0
1 8 2 .0 0

l l O . 5 0 -1 7 3 .5 0
1 3 6 .5 0 -2 3 9 .0 0

-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------------

199
27
172
27

4
4
4
4

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
0 .0

1 5 1 .5 0
1 6 4 .0 0
1 4 9 .5 0
1 9 1 .0 0

1 4 0 .5 0
1 4 9 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0

1 3 ] . 0 0 - 1 5 9 . 00
1 3 8 .0 0 -1 9 5 .5 0
1 2 P .5 0 - 1 5 6 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0 -2 4 4 .0 0

.
-

----------------------------

112

3 9 .5

1 2 6 .0 0

1 1 6 .5 0

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

316
74
242
91

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

381
170
211

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------------

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------- -----------------------

s w it c h b o a r d

operators

$
1 7 8 .0 0
1 8 6 .5 0
1 7 5 .0 0

HU' U 1

f

$
-

-

1

-

1

8
1
7

-

5
4
1

34
16
18

61
30
31

50
27
23

63
22
41

67
25
42

33
9
24

10
7
3

16
7
9

11
9
2

3

55

55

29

30

14

27

2

19

10

-

3

47

-

-

-

36
10

17
1

24
8

9
4

16
2

-

19
9

10
10

7
7

1

12

4

5

-

31
5
26
2

21

-

-

1
1

21
12

5
1

10
1
9

-

7
3
4

-

.
-

-

-

-

_

7

4

15

4

3

6

-

-

1

12

4

30
1
29

-

-

“

-

52
10
42
1

21

14

17

6

13

_

3
1
2

1
1

-

-

*

3

7

7
2
5

-

-

-

3
3

6
6

8

3

-

-

1

•

.

8

-

-

3
3

1
1

85

3 9 .5

1 2 0 .5 0

1 1 1 .5 0

9 6 .0 0 -1 3 7 .0 0

-

7

21

13

9

5

12

i

8

4

-

3

4 0 .0

1 2 5 .5 0

1 2 0 .0 0

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0

_

2

36

45

18

69

14

14

6

7

5

4

-------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------------

231
49
182
26

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 2 5 .5 0
1 7 9 .5 0

1 2 0 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0

1 0 A .0 0 - 1 2 8 .5 0
1 4 7 .0 0 -2 0 6 .0 0

-

2

31

42

10

54

-

-

_

-

-

*

5
-

5

5

5
-

-

-

11
6

4

-

5
-

2

-

4

-

5

-

-

-

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

92
32
60

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 8 .5 0
156*00
1 2 9 .5 0

1 2 9 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0

1 1 6 .5 0 -1 5 0 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0 -1 8 5 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0 -1 4 0 .5 0

-

10

12
5
7

11
2
9

6
1
5

7
7
-

•

10

19
8
11

-

-

11
2
9

2
2

-

6
1
5

2

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

, , ,

.. _

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




/ n ft

1

^0

1

38

54

-

5

18
13

/ -

1
1

-

*

2

-

-

-

-

2

-

9

11

1

4

11
11

1
1

4
4

5

2

C
2

-

-

-

9

-

-

5
5

2
2

-

-

«.

--------------------------------

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

4
4

-

2

oper a to r - r e c e p t io n is t s -

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
s w it c h b o a r d

10
10

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

1

2

5

5

1
1

5
5

-

-

-

-

_
-

2

-

-

-

2

-

_

-

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours I
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e e a r n in g s of—
%

120

Mean f

Median f

Middle ranged

$

U n d er
and
$
u n d er

*

t

$

$

i

S

S

i

l

$

$

$

S

S

*

$

i

%

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

240

260

280

300 ...32e

340

360

380

4qo_

420

3
3

9
5

17
16

2
-

12
7

-

-

-

-

*

-

42
6
36

14
14

14

7
2
5

6
1
5

-

.

_

”

*

9
9

1
1

120

130

ALL WORKERS
COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A
NONMANUFACTUPING ----------------

74
51

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
2 1 3 .5 0
2 0 5 .0 0

$
2 0 1 .5 0
2 0 0 .0 0

$
$
1 8 2 .5 0 ~ 2 3 3 .5 0
1 8 2 .0 0 -2 2 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

170
31
139

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 1 .5 0
1 5 3 .0 0
1 6 3 .0 0

1 6 1 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0

1 4 7 .0 0 -1 7 2 .5 0
1 4 3 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0
1 4 3 ,0 0 -1 7 5 .5 0

2
2

17
3
14

16
4
12

23
7
16

22
8
14

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

42
39

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 2 .0 0
1 4 2 .0 0

1 3 0 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 5 7 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 7 0 .5 0

*

21
20

4
4

6
4

1
1

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS.
BUSIN ESS. CLASS A -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

58
45

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 9 1 .0 0
2 8 2 .0 0

2 8 8 .5 0
2 8 6 .0 0

2 5 s .0 0 -3 1 8 .0 0
2 5 4 .0 0 -3 0 2 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS.
BU SIN ESS. CLASS B -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

142
1 23

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 3 7 .0 0
2 3 6 .5 0

2 4 1 .5 0
2 4 1 .5 0

2 0 1 .5 0 -2 6 0 .5 0
2 0 5 .0 0 -2 6 0 .5 0

*

"

”

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS.
BU SIN ESS. CLASS C -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

42
31

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 8 .5 0
1 8 7 .5 0

1 8 4 .0 0
1 8 6 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0 -2 0 2 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0 -2 0 2 .5 0

*

1
1

“

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS.
BU SIN ESS. CLASS A ------------------

27

3 5 9 .0 0

3 1 2 .5 0 -3 7 1 .5 0

-

9

14

*

5
4

2
1

8
3

2

1

6

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

1

6

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

5
4

10
9

8
6

9
9

12
10

4
3

6
3

2
“

1
*
*

2
*

~

*

4
3

_
_

O
o

37

o
o

3 0 9 .5 0

3 1 0 .5 0

93
67

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 3 8 .5 0
2 3 0 .5 0

2 3 2 .0 0
2 2 4 .0 0

2 1 3 .0 0 -2 6 9 .0 0
2 0 7 .0 0 -2 6 0 .5 0

DRAFTERS. CLASS B -------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------- —

1 32
1 03

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 0 1 .5 0
1 9 6 .5 0

1 9 9 .0 0
1 8 9 .5 0

1 7 8 .0 0 -2 2 0 .0 0
1 7 6 .0 0 -2 1 8 .5 0

DRAFTERS. CLASS C ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

78
53

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 2 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0

1 5 9 .5 0
1 5 1 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0 -1 7 3 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0 -1 5 9 .5 0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------

407
309
98
98

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 2 7 .0 0
2 2 2 .5 0
2 4 0 .0 0
2 4 0 .0 0

2 2 2 .0 0
2 1 7 .5 0
2 5 3 .5 0
2 5 3 .5 0

1 9 3 .0 0 -2 5 7 .5 0
1 9 7 .0 0 -2 4 9 .0 0
l 9 ] . 5 0 - 2 7 6 . 50
1 9 1 .5 0 -2 7 6 .5 0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS A MANUFACTURING ----------------------

146
1 24

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 5 6 .5 0
2 5 2 .5 0

2 5 3 .5 0
2 4 9 .5 0

2 3 7 .0 0 -2 8 4 .5 0
2 2 fi.0 0 - 2 8 2 .0 0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS. CLASS B'
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------

1 92
1 18

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 1 9 .5 0
2 1 3 .5 0

2 1 0 .5 0
2 1 0 .0 0

1 9 S .0 0 - 2 3 8 . 5 0
1 9 7 .0 0 -2 2 7 .0 0

-

-

-

-

74

4 0 .0

2 2 8 .5 0

2 2 6 .0 0

1 8 o .0 0 - 2 7 4 .5 0

-

-

-

-

12
12

10
10

13
11

18
10

2
2

20
19

35
33

27
26

10
7

3
3

“

11
2

5
5

4
4

1
1

3
1

4
4

"

*

*

“

“

“

6

1

7

5

4

1

19

6

1

-

-

-

3 0 0 .0 0 -3 2 0 .0 0

DRAFTERS. CLASS A -------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

2
2

*
l
1

3 4 6 .0 0




-

3

“

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS.
BU SIN ESS. CLASS B ------------------

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .

-

8

1
1

-

.

2

-

-

6

*

14
14

11
10

19
13

6
4

22
10

14
9

21
18

5
5

7
3

25
13

13
9

20
14

13
8

3
"

4
2

5

40
35
5
5

41
26
15
15

31
31

33
28
5
5

36
36
-

62
48
14
14

11
11

10
10

-

•

10
10

24
24

11
3

*

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

7
7

20
19

14
14

.

_

-

-

2

-

_

.

-

*

*

1

-

-

-

1

2
2

5
5

-

*

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

55
45
10
10

50
17
33
33

32
26
6
6

13
8
5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28
28

37
27

14
13

32
26

13
8

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

“

7
7

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
9
5
5

-

-

-

-

.

-

_

-

-

*

-

“

*

1
1

“

5
-

11
6

21
6

27
27

22
17

26
26

32
20

12
12

36
4

-

-

-

-

■
*

-

-

-

5

5

15

-

5

-

12

-

32

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

.
-

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.
in Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, November 1975
Average
(m ean2 )

A verage
(m ean2 )

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

MEN
$
1 9 5 .5 0 ;

&6
88
78

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

p r o f e s s io n a l

OCCUPATIONS -

and

Number
of

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

*

32

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

t e c h n ic a l

0 0 1 7 7 .5 0
4 0 . 0 1 8 8 .5 0
/ A A ITT
/A A

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

MEN— CONTINUED

CONTINUED

1 8 8 .0 0 ’
1 9 1 ..,0

33
OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

A verage
(m ean 2 )

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED
SECRETARIES -

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

Number
of
workers

$
1 6 0 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 8 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0

'

WOMEN

*5 5

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS,
56

70 0
4 0 .0 213^00

241

25

2 9 3 00
2 8 3 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
28

4 0 .0

1 4 1 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
26

4 0 .0

1 0 9 .0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS C -------------------------MANUFACTURING — — — — — — — —
—
NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------— -----------------

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS*

1 7 7 .0 0
1 8 3 .0 0
1 7 5 .0 0

4 0 .0
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS*

358
65
293
GB

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 2 .0 0
1 5 3 .5 0
1 5 1 .5 0
1 7 9 .0 0

666
97
569
61

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 9 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0

117
96

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
_

82
58

SECRETARIES* CLASS 0
MANUFACTURING--------------------------- --— ■
NONMANUFACTURING — — — — — —

379
170

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

MANUFACTURING — — — — — — — —
— — — — — — —
NONMANUF ACTURING — — — — — — —
—
—
—
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S — — — — — —

270
63

4 0 .0

1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0

81
35
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 3 .0 0
1 3 5 .5 0
1 4 8 .5 0

134
30
104

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 5 5 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0
1 5 8 .5 0
1 8 4 .5 0

417
76

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 8 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0

3 9 .5

9 9 .0 0 '
9 8 .5 0

2 *2

1 8 6 .0 0

MANUFACTURING — — — —
—
NONMANUFACTURING — —
— —

—
—

26

1 3 9 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0

70

4 0 .0

1 8 2 .0 0

198
26

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

* .0 .0

1 5 1 .0 0
1 6 3 .5 0

4 0 .0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
liUsj 1 itLo J f v L h J j D 1

1 9 1 .0 0

2 0 2 .0 0
1 9 7 .0 0

100
MANUFACTURING —
—
n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

— — — — — —
— —
—
— — — — — — — —
— — — — — — —

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSm a n u f a c t u r in g
n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

m a n u f a c t u r in g - n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

— — — — — — — —
— — — — — — —

-------------— — — — — —

T Y P IS T S . CLASS B --------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r in g —
— — — — — —
n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g — —
—
— — —

85

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 2 4 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0

89
29
60

4 0 .0

67

1 4 3 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0

229
49
180

1 3 5 .5 0
1 4 8 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0

160

39.0
4 0 .0

3 1 0 .0 0

' n
2 3 5 .0 0
/ 0 . 0 <-30.->0
A A

95.50|

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

)

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS*

27

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0

38

1 5 0 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0

1 5 3 .0 0

2 2 3 lo 0
2 3 9 .0 0
2 3 9 .0 0
e l e c t r o n ic s

1 1 5 .0 0
115.501

t e c h n ic ia n s ,

CLASS A -

e l e c t r o n ic s

t e c h n ic ia n s *

class

b-

146

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 5 6 .5 0
2 5 2 .5 0

190

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 1 9 .0 0
2 1 3 .5 0

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g :

72

NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

58

293
647
214

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 6 .5 0
1 5 9 .5 0
1 6 9 .5 0
1 9 0 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

COMPUTER OPERATORS*

CLASS A — — —
— — —

p r o f e s s io n a l

59
4 0 .0




t e c h n ic a l

2 1 3 .5 0
2 0 6 .5 0

NOTE:
E a r n in g s data in t a b le A - 3 r e la t e o n ly t o w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x id e n t ific a t io n w a s p r o v id e d b y th e e s ta b lis h m e n t.
to a ll w o r k e r s in an o c c u p a t io n .
(S e e a p p e n d ix A fo r p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .)
S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

a nd

1 6 7 .0 0

E a rn in g s data in t a b l e s A - l

and A - 2 ,

on th e o t h e r h a n d ,

r e la t e

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of
workers

Mean

*

M edian2

Middle range

*

$
1 --------1 -------- *
T~
6 .6 0 6 .8 0 7 .0 0 7 .2 0 7 .4 0

$
7 .6 0

1
8 .0 0

6 .8 0

over

$
4 .2 0

S
4 .4 0

5
A .6 0

$
4 .8 0

$
5 .2 0

!

S

S

5 .0 0

.4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

$
6 .0 0

S
6 .2 0

!
6 .4 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

A .8 0

5 ,0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .4 0

•60

2

“

-

8

-

-

8

-

-

5

“

.

-

.

-

-

*

-

5
5

.

-

1
1

*

5
-

7
1

7
7

2
2

21
21

-

i

and
u n d er
3 .6 0

ALL

I
1 -------- S
>
3 .6 0 3 .8 0

o
o

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—
1
3 .4 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

7 .4 0

7 .6 0

6*00

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

7 .0 0 -7 .2 0

WORKERS

25

$
5 .5 4

$
5 .9 7

$
$
5 . 2 2 - 5 .9 7

“

2

-

-

-

CARPENTERS.
M A I N T E N A N C E -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

52
37

6 .3 5
6 .3 9

6 .3 2
6* 74

6 .0 1 6 .2 2 -

6 .7 4
6 .7 4

.

-

-

.

*

1
-

ELECTRICIANS,
M A I N T E N A N C E --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

171
145

6 .3 1
6 .3 0

6 .6 2
6 .6 2

5 .7 5 5 .7 6 -

6 .9 6
6 .9 6

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

“

*

-

-

-

4
4

9
9

7
7

4
4

11
4

14
10

3
3

7
7

14
14

10
10

19
17

69
56

-

-

-

-

28

5 .6 8

5 .7 9

5 .2 8 -

5 .7 9

-

-

-

1

-

-

i

2

3

i

4

10

-

3

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

10b
106

6 .3 3
6 .3 3

6 .8 8
6 .8 8

5 .6 4 5 .6 4 -

6 .9 6
6 .9 6

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

20
20

-

4
4

-

4
4

16
16

-

-

56
56

-

-

-

-

4 48
88
360
312

7 .1 5
5 .6 9
7 .5 1

7 .8 7
5 .0 1
7 .8 7

6 .6 2 4 .8 9 7 .4 8 -

-

-

8
8

5
5

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
4
6

29
13
16

50

6.62

f# U U

f•w »

173
146
27

6 .1 9
6 .1 7
6 .3 1

6 .3 5
6 .3 5
6 .6 0

5 . 6 3 - 6 .7 4
5 . 5 3 - 6 .7 4
5 . 7 5 - 6 .9 6

-

_

_

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

28
28

9
9

-

-

-

-

52
50
2

17
4
13

-

27

5 .9 2

6 .0 0

5 .4 1 - 6 .4 ?

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

67
67

5 .4 2
5 .4 2

5*40
5 .4 0

4 . 9 7 - 5 .7 9
4 . 9 7 - 5 .7 9

-

.

-

-

-

-

9
9

BOILER

TENDERS

ENGINEERS.

-------------------------------------------

STATIONARY

---------------------

MACHINISTS.
M A I N T E N A N C E -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------MECHANICS.
AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE)
-------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

MECHANICS.
M A I N T E N A N C E -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PAINTERS,

-------------------------

MAINTENANCE

---------------------

T O O L A N D D I E M A K E R S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




*

'

7 .8 7
7 .8 7
1•

-

-

-

17
15
2

20

3

-

-

20

3

-

11
11
-

15
7
8

11
11

-

-

-

2

-

3

3

2

-

4

2

5

-

-

4
4

11
11

13
13

5
5

4
4

3
3

4
4

15
11
4

27
25
2

-

-

5
5
-

1
1
-

20
20

2
1

-

-

14
14

-

•

-

-

2

-

-

_

10
10

-

-

2

2

2

„

-

-

2

2

50
30

243
2 43
2 43

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

’

_

_

-

-

7
7

Ogden, Utah, November 1975
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —

Hourly earnings

$

$
3 .8 0

S

$
6 .2 0

S

5 .2 0

$
5 .8 0

S

4 .8 0

*
5 .4 0

S

4 .2 0

*
5 .0 0

S

4 .0 0

$
$
4 .4 0 4 .6 0

s

3 .4 0

$
3 .6 0

S

3.0 0

I
3 .2 0

S

2.6 0

$
2 .8 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

2.6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 ,2 Q

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

^ .6 0 6 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .8 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

7 .8 0

52
52

33
8
25

32
1
31

11
3
8

-

10
10
-

7
6
1

14
2
12

37
2
35

20
3
17

9
2
7

6
6
-

1
1

14
14

34
34

7
7

1
-

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

“

-

-

-

1

-

8

1

3

3

6

2

2

2

1

2

6

1

14

34

7

-

-

156
39
117

77
18
59

121
57
64

52
14
38

20
9
11
7

19
18
1
-

28
9
19
19

45
40
5
1

35
24
11
11

14
14
14

_

-

-

-

-

19
4
15
15

_
-

-

41
24
17
13

4
4
-

-

51
25
26
2

18
-

-

145
25
120
-

-

-

-

59
59

32
5
27

5
5
-

24
15
9

120
12
108

14
14
-

52
24
28

14
5
9
1

18
12
6

13
-

34
34
_

7

_
-

32
32
-

75
-

-

-

-

23
12
11
11

8
.

13
1

132
10
122
120

8
8

75
75

-

27
27

60
16

66
66

78
78

19
19

_

31
4

78
78

-

3
3

6
6

3
3

14
3
11

6
2
4

2
-

10
7
3

4

5

1
3

4

5
3
2

-

2
-

-

3
3

-

-

2

-

2

-

-

-

-

10

2

1

4

3

-

-

-

1

-

4

5
2
3

2
2

3
3

55

42
70

127
12
115

17
4
13

16
-

1
-

S
of
workers

$
2 .4 0

2 .2 0

O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

2.2 0

2 .4 0

207
207

2 .1 0
Mean *

Median^

Middle range *

$

and
under

ALL WORKERS

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------GUAROSI
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

508
102
406

$
3 .0 6
4 .6 5
2 .6 6

$
2 .3 8
5 .2 1
2 .1 8

$
2 .1 3 3 .7 2 2 .1 3 -

$
4 .0 5
5 .4 6
2 .7 5

92

4 .7 4

5 .2 1

3 .8 0 -

5 .4 6

-

1 .3 8 8
320
1 .0 6 8
97

2 .8 8
3 .6 3
2 .6 5
4 .3 6

2 .5 6
3 .3 0
2 .4 o
4 .2 8

2
2
2
3

-

3 . IP
4 .5 i
2 .8 4
5 .2 6

419
10
409
-

124
«
124
5

-------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------------

987
186
801
542

5 .1 1
4 .2 4
5 .3 2
6 .3 4

4 .7 4
4 .4 9
5 .9 9
7 .1 0

3 .5 0 3 »5 0 *
3 .3 6 5 .9 9 -

7 . 1 '}
4 .8 4
7 .1 7 . In

_
-

-

o r d e r f i l l e r s --------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------

710
627

3 .8 2
3 .7 8

3 .7 5
3 .4 4

3 .3 0 3 .2 5 -

4 .3 ?
4 .2 5

-

JANITORS* PORTERS. AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S --------------------------------

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

labo rers,

----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------m a t e r ia l

h a n d l in g

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

.1
.9
.1
.8

0
0
0
8

-

^ gr-

3
3

23
23

9
9

*7

A

r e c e iv in g

clerks

--------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

-

39
35

89
28
61

4 .0 6
4 .5 0
3 .8 6

3 .9 5
4 .5 8
3 .7 8

3 .5 0 3 .9 4 3 .5 0 “

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

10
5
5

6
-

12
-

9
-

6

12

9

4

4

1

-

1

-

1

2
2
-

13
6
7

3
3
-

5
4
1

136

45
10
35

27
8
19

112

10

-

-

-

6
1
1

19

SHIPPING CLERKS -----------------------------------------

31

4 .2 0

4 .2 5

3 .3 9 -

4 .8 5

-

-

-

-

-

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

52
26
26

3 .9 6
4 .2 3
3 .6 9

3 .7 5
4 .0 7
3 .7 5

3 .4 9 3 .7 4 2 .7 5 -

4 .3 ?
4 .3 ^
3 .9 8

1
-

3
3

2
-

2
-

3

-

-

2

2

3

-

1

-----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

1 .6 6 9
304
1 ,3 6 5
690

5 .1 9
5 .0 1
5 .2 3
o .* :o

4 .7 0
5 .1 5
4 .6 1

4 .1 5 4 .1 3 4 .1 5 • OI

6 .3 p

_
-

35

9

15
-

12
-

11

26

15

12

n

31
6
25

36
2
34

273
51
222

3 .4 9
4 .5 3
3 .2 5

3 .4 5
5 .5 2

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

687
39
648

5 .4 8
4 .5 0
5 .5 4
!>• O

5 .6 8
4 .2 0
5 .6 8
•J r

4 .6 1 3 .6 6 4 .6 1 • 01

7 .1 o
5 .3 p
7 .1 n
f • 10

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

539
84

5 .5 6
4 .5 7

5 .5 3
4 .2 5

4 .2 5 4 .1 3 -

7 .1 5
4 .9 5

-

1

_

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

7*09

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




7*15

3 .0 0 3 .0 3 -

7*1^

5 .5 3
7 .1 (1
*

3 .7 5
5 .6 6

7*1"

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

211
26
185
181

22
20
2

60
60
-

12

-

-

_
-

_

3
3
-

18

183
_

2

_

_

16

183
181

2

113
5

36

10

-

9

36

20
20
~

4
-

2
53

1

35
9
26

15
-

-

-

-

9
-

-

9

9

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

3
-

9
1 27

-

100

t r u c k d r iv e r s

1

31
6
25

36
2
34

71
-

16
-

71

16

-

-

64
8
56

29

1

10

1
-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

3
3

84
34

2
-

15

9

325
325
325

_

_
-

_

2
2

30
30

^ *9
4 .5 p
4 .9 p
4 .0 0

207
199

8

8

^ * O'*

28
28

18
10

10

19

-

_
_

.

-

-

9
3

82
36
46
20

49
23
26

210
-

•

24
24

_

10
9

28
-

-

1

-

-

-

3
-

-

3

-

-

351

210
135

-

351
351

30
30
-

6
6

-

-

22
6
16

125
_

-

28

125
125

-

180
180

-

14

10

85

-

163

-

12
10

85

-

163

-

16

2

180

-

-

-

-

Ogden, Utah, November 1975— Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —

Hourly ea ■nings3

M ean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

S
2 .4 0

5
2 .6 0

*
2 .8 0

$
3 .0 0

S
3 .2 0

S
3 .4 0

S
3 .6 0

s
3 .8 0

S
4 .0 0

S
4 .2 0

$
4 .4 0

$
4 .6 0

4 .8 0

$
5 .0 0

S
5 .2 0

S
5 .4 0

$
5 .8 o

S
6 .2 0

$
6*60

7 .0 0

$
7 .4 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 Q

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

o

” “ o fU '
workers

c . i o

>
fr

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d i v is i o n

5 .0 0

5 ,? fl

5 .4 ft

5 .8 f) 6 .2 ft

6 .6 0

7 .0 0

7 .4 0

7 .8 ft

6

$
2 .1 0

8

10

18
17

-

60
60

*

S

S

%

and
u n d er
C
O

2 .2 0

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS -

CONTINUED

152
130

$
5 .5 9
•o

$
5 .1 5

TRUCKERS. POWER (FO RK LIFT) ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------- -- ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------------

280
1 45
1 35
43

4 .7 3
4 .5 6
4 .9 1
6 .7 1

4 .4 3
4 .2 5
4 .4 5
7 .1 0

3 . 9 3 - 5 .4 9
3 . 9 3 - 5 .4 9
4 . 0 0 - 6 .3 7
6 . 3 7 - 7 .1 0

WAREHOUSEMEN -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

6 77
141
536

4 .1 3
4 .1 7
4 .1 2

3 .8 7
4 .0 0
3 .8 7

3 . 3 5 - 5 .0 6
3 . 6 0 - 4 .7 6
3 .3 4 - 5 ,0 6

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY IOVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ---------------

$
4 .7 0 • !-»

$
6 .2 9
O.UO
-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

14
5
9

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

25
10
15

24
2

-

6
-

6

16
16

-

6

22

29
7
22

68
4
64

1

47
12
35

29
26
3

16
11
5

30
12
18

48
10
38

-

-

-

1

-

28
10
18

-

-

-

-

-

-

47
14

87
18
69

91
22

18
12
6

9

12

20

8
4

20

10
10

33

69

-

9

1

1
1
1
69
18
51

•

.

11
11

21
20
1
1

19
17
2
2

15
15

-

28

5

1
27

_

47
5
42

12
3
9

5
5

20
20
-

5

-

8

30
30

24

15

_

24
24

-

.

-

6

_

6
'

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e s .




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, powerplant, custodial, and material movement
workers, by sex, in Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, November 1975
Number
of
workers

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

m a in te n a n c e

and

Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

po w erplan t

OCCUPATIONS -

Number Average
(mean2)
of
hourly
wodcen
earning*3

S e x . o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

MEN

BOILER TENOERS -------------------------------------------

25

$
5 .5 4

_ n_
r

r~
JT
ELECTRICIANS* MAINTENANCE • •• •• • •• •

6 .3 1
6 .3 0

[

AND CLEANERS ------

1 .0 7 1

2 .9 9

TRUCKDRIVERS -

958
178

5 80

HEAVY

(OVER 4 TONS,

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY

(OVER 4 TONS,

5 .1 7
4 .2 8

ORDER FILLLRS * ” “ **• ****• • •

CONTINUED

4 .3 8

LABORERS* MATERIAL HANDLING • •• •• • •

Number Average
(mean2)
of
hourly
wodcen
earnings3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERS,

7 77
' 86

3 .9 9

6 .3 9

171
145

JANITO RS. PORTERS.

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

6 .3 4

5 .6 8

$

...

152

• ..n f r

MnNvJr Av I UK INu

"

L

122
99

106

""

5 .0 6
5 .2 5

6 .3 3

67

7 .1 5
5 .6 9
7 .5 1

20
61

4 .5 0
3 .8 6

7 73

43

6 .7 1

2 .9 0
P U B L IC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------------

(n A IN I tNAINLt I

5 .5 9

"*80

.. _ _

"
^flQ
3 60
3 12

j n 1 r> IN v LLuKIVj

173

iJ n ir ■ 11.U A™U

—

•■■■■“

639

■

XV 1 Isw vLL "*. J
CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

6 .3 1

_

634

5 .9 2

^

M

...

_

67
67

1 .3 3 4
689

5 .4 2
TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ------

(UNDER

a. ..
a« .
TRUCKDRIVERS.

MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2

2 91

4 .5 0

31

TO

2 .6 9

92

4 .7 4

39
GUARDS«

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




317

3 .5 0
4 .6 6
3 .2 1

MANUFACTURING

362

5 .2 7
6 .2 6

E a r n in g s data in t a b le A - 6 r e la t e o n ly t o w o r k e r s w h o se s e x
id e n t ific a t io n w a s p r o v id e d b y the e s t a b lis h m e n t . E a rn in g s data in
t a b le s A - 4 and A- 5> on the o t h e r n a n d ( r e la t e t o a ll w o r k e r s in an
o c c u p a t io n .
(S e e a p p e n d ix A f o r p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .)

2 .4 8




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for employment shifts,
in Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, for selected periods
In d u stry and o c c u p a t io n a l
g ro u p

N o v e m b e r 1972
to
N o v e m b e r 1973

N o v e m b e r 1973
to
N o v e m b e r 1974

N o v e m b e r 1974
to
N o v e m b e r 197 5

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n )____________________
E l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s in g (m en and w o m e n )______
In d u s tria l n u r s e s (m en and w om en )
_ __
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s (m en ) ,
U n sk ille d pla n t w o r k e r s (m en )

5 .5
*
**

9 .9
9.3
**

9 .0
8.1
**

9.7
6 .5

1 1.9
10.3

9.2
7 .7

M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w om en )
_ ___ ___
E l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s in g (m en and w om en )
I n d u s tria l n u r s e s (m e n and w om en )
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s (m en)
U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s (m e n ) -,.

*
**
7 .0
5.8

**
**
15.0
9 .9

7 .8
**
**
9.3
8 .0

5 .6
*
**
**

9 .6
9.3
**
**
10.4

9 .5
7 .9
**
**
7 .6

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w om en )
E l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s in g (m en and w o m e n ) _____
I n d u s tria l n u r s e s (m en and w o m e n ) ______________ _
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s (m e n )___________________
U n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s (m e n )_______________________

*
**

6 .7

D ata not a v a ila b le .
D ata do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r i t e r i a .

N O T E : The p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in th is ta b le a r e b a s e d on ch a n g e s in a v e r a g e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r e s t a b lis h m e n t s r e p o r t in g th e t r e n d j o b s in b o th th e c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s
y e a r (m a tch e d e s t a b lis h m e n t s ).
T h e y a r e not a ffe c t e d b y ch a n g e s in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s
re s u ltin g fr o m e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts a m on g e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s
in c lu d e d in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i ll a ffe c t e d b y fa c t o r s
o th e r than w age in c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a ffe c t an e s t a b lis h m e n t
a v e r a g e fo r an o c c u p a tio n w hen w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n d er p la n s p r o v id in g a ra n g e o f w a g e ra te s
f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s . In p e r io d s o f i n c r e a s e d h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , n ew e m p lo y e e s e n t e r at the
b o tto m o f t h e 1ra n g e , d e p r e s s in g the a v e r a g e w ith ou t a ch a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .
T h e s e w age t r e n d s a r e n ot lin k e d to the w a g e s in d e x e s p r e v io u s l y p u b lis h e d f o r th is
a r e a b e c a u s e the w a g e in d e x e s m e a s u r e d ch a n g e s in a r e a a v e r a g e s , w h e r e a s t h e se w a g e
tre n d s m e a s u r e ch a n g e s in m a tc h e d e s t a b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e s .
O th e r c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o f th e s e
w a g e tre n d s w h ich d i ff e r f r o m the d is c o n t in u e d in d e x e s in clu d e (1 ) e a r n in g s da ta o f o f f i c e
c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s a r e c o n v e r t e d to an h o u r ly b a s is , (2 ) tre n d e s t im a t e s
a re p r o v id e d fo r n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s , w h e r e p o s s i b l e , and (3 ) tre n d e s t im a t e s
a r e p r o v id e d fo r e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s in g j o b s .
F o r a m o re d e t a ile d d e s c r i p t i o n « o f the m e th o d u s e d t o co m p u te t h e s e w ag e t r e n d s , se e
"I m p r o v in g A r e a W a ge S u rv e y I n d e x e s , " M on th ly L a b o r R e v ie w , J a n u a ry 1973, p p . 5 2 -5 7 .

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, November 1975
I n e x p e r ie n c e d t y p is ts

O t h e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 5

M a n u fa ctu r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t im e s a l a r y 4

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

B a s e d on s ta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f —

A ll
in d u s t r ie s
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

N on m a n u f a ctu r ing

M a n u fa ctu r in g

B a s e d on s ta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f —

A ll
in d u s tr ie s
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

S T U D I E D -----------------------

142

50

XXX

92

XXX

it ’

50

XXX

92

XXX

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING A SPECIFIED
M I N I M U M -----------------------------------------------------------

32

13

13

19

16

ba

20

20

34

30

1

-

1
7
1
1

-

i
i
-

3
1
1
1
2

_

3
1
1
1
2

1
1
1
11
3
3
1

ESTABLISHMENTS

UNDER
$82.50
$85.00
$«7.50
$90.00
$92.50
$95.00
$97.50

$ 8 2 . 5 0 ------------------------------------------A N D U N D E R 1185.00 --------------------A N D U N D E R $ 8 7 . 5 8 --------------------A N D U N D E R $ 9 0 . 0 0 --------------------A N D U N D E R $ 9 2 . 5 0 --------------------A N D U N D E R $ 9 5 . 0 0 --------------------A N D U N D E R $ 9 7 . So ------------A N D U N D E R $ 1 0 0 . 0 0 -----------

-

1
7
2
4
1

3

1

1
3
1

u

7
1
-

12
u
u

3
1
1
1
1
1

«

$ 1 0 5 . Ou ---------$ 1 1 0 . 0J ---------$ 1 1 5 0o ---------$ 1 2 0 . 0 . ' ---------$ 1 2 5 . 0 " ---------$ 1 3 0 . 0 , ---------$ 1 3 5 . 0 0 ----------------$ 1 4 0 . Ov ---------------$145.(1,.----------------$ 1 5 0 . 0 " ----------------------------------------------------

3
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
“

b
2
1
*

E S T A B L I S H M E N T S H A V I N G NO S H E L I F I E u
M I N I M U M ----------------------------------------------------------

21

9

AXX

12

XXX

ESTABLISHMENTS * H I C H DID NOT EMPLOY
W O R K E R S IN T H I S C A T E G O R Y ---------------------

ttV

28

XXX

61

XXX

$100.00
$105.00
$110.00
$115.00
$120.00
$125.00
$130.00
$135.00
$100.00
$145.00
s is r .o o

AMD
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
An d

UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
U1 D E R
UNDER

and

over

and

See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




5

3

-

1
1
1
1
1
1

2

1
-

6
1
2
1
1
1

1
1
10
3
3
1

-

6
1
2
1
1
1
-

-

*

2
1
2
2
2
2
1
1

47

18

XXX

29

XXX

4]

12

XXX

29

XXX

?
'
K
?
1
?

1
1

2
1
2
2
2
-

_
1
1
-




Table B-2. Late shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing
plant workers in Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, November 1975
(|
A11 f u l l - t i m e m a n u fa c t u r ing pla n t w o r k e r s = 100 p e r c e n t )
W o r k e r s on late shifts

All w o r k e r s 7
Item
S e c o n d shift

Third shift

S e c o n d shift

Third shift

P R O V I S I O N S ------

«9.3

66.3

15.9

4.6

W I T H NO P A Y D I F F E R E N T I A L F O R LAT E S H I F T W O R K -----W I T H P A Y D I F F E R E N T I A L F O R L A T E S H I F T W O R K ---------U N I F O R M C E N T S - P E R - H O U R D I F F E R E N T I A L --------------U N I F O R M P E R C E N T A G E D I F F E R E N T I A L --------------------O T H E R D I F F E R E N T I A L --------------------------------------

9.5
79.8
61.8
10.9
7.1

1.7
6 h •6
39 . 1
10 . 9
14 . 6

1.3
14.7
11 . 6
2.1
1.0

.2
4.4
3.2
.6
.6

13.?
6.7

19 . 8
10.6

14 . 2
7.5

20.9
7.3

PERCENT
IN

ESTABLISHMENTS

A V E RAGE PAY
UNIFORM
UNIFORM

OF

WORKERS

WITH L a T l

SHIFT

DIFFERENTIAL

C E N T S - P E R - H O U R D I F F E R E N T I A L -----------------P E R C E N T A G E D I F F E R E N T I A L ----------------------P E R C E N T O F W O R K E R S BY T Y P E A N D
A M O U N T OF R A Y D I F F E R E N T I A L

UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR*
5 C E N T S -----------------------------------------------8 C E N T S ------------------------------------------------10 C E N T S ----------------------------------------------12 C E N T S ----------------------------------------------14 C E N T S ----------------------------------------------15 C E N T S ----------------------------------------------16 C E N T S ----------------------------------------------17 C E N T S ----------------------------------------------20 C E N T S ----------------------------------------------21 C E N T S ----------------------------------------------2 5 C E N T S ----------------------------------------------28 C E N T S ----------------------------------------------30 C E N T S ----------------------------------------------3 5 C E N T S ----------------------------------------------A0 C E N T S ----------------------------------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE:
A P E R C E N T ---------------------------------------------5 P E R C E N T ---------------------------------------------6 P E R C E N T ---------------------------------------------10 P E R C E N T --------------------------------------------12 A N D U N D E R 13 P E R C E N T --------------------------15 P E R C E N T ---------------------------------------------

1.4
2.6
26.2
5.7
2.4
7.5
3.6
2.3
7.4
-

2.5
-

-

2.2
4.6
4.2

-

1.4
5.4
-

11 . 9
-

2.3
5.3
1.6
2.9
6.0
1.3
1.4

-

-

2.2
4.6
2.2
2.0

FULL D A Y'S PAY FOR REDUCED HOURS ___________________

2.3

-

FULL D AY'S PAY FOR REDUCED HOURS
PLUS CENTS -----------------------------------------------

3.8

.8

-

.4

-

-

.2
.2
-

3.8
.9
.1
2.6
1.2
.4
1.6
-

.6
_

-

.8
-

.4
.3
.4
(8)
.8
-

-

.2

.4
.5

-

-

1.1

-

.4
.i

-

-

-

(8)

2.3

-

OTHER DIFFERENTIAL*

11.2

.5

Plant w o r k e r s
Item

All industries

Manufa c t u r i n g

Office w o r k e r s

Nonmanufacturing

Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

100

100

loo

100

1

1

1

Public utilities

PERCENT OF W O R K E R S 8Y S C H E D U L E D
WEEKLY HOURS AND DAYS
ALL F U L L - T I M r
20
30
3?
36
37
37
39
40

44
45
46
48

W O R K E R S --------------

100

H C U P S - 5 O A Y S -------------------------H O U F S - 5 D A Y S -------------------------HOIJRS-4 D A Y S -------------------------1/4 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S --------------------H O U P S - S D A Y S -------------------------1/2 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S --------------------H O U R S - 4 1/2 O A Y S --------------------H O I I W S ----------------------------------4 O A Y S ---------------------------------5 O A Y S ---------------------------------H O U R S - 4 D A Y S -------------------------H O U R S - 5 O A Y S -------------------------H O U R S — 6 D A Y S -------------------------H G U R S - 6 D A Y S --------------------------

1
2
3
(R)
8
62
1
81
(9 )
1
1
2

10u

100

_

1
3
4

1
■
D
90
3
87
1
4
-

-

u

_
-

-

-

s
3

-

2

100
100
-

10
(*>
-

97
97
2
-

7
4
88
88
-

4

-

-

-

-

39. J

40.0

39.8

40.1

77
71
-

-

-

100
-

100
100
•

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS
ALL

WEEKLY

WORK

SCHEDULES

-------------

S ee fo o t n o t e at end o f t a b le s .




39.6

40.1

3 9 .7

40.0

P la n t w o r k e r s
Item

PERCENT
ALL F U L L - T I M £

OF

A ll in d u s tr ie s

O ffice w o rk e r s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N o nm anuf a ctu r ing

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

lo o

100

100

100

100

100

100

WORKERS
--------------

100

IN E S T A B L I S H M E N T S N O T p r o v i d i n g
P A I D H O L I D A Y S -------------------------IN E S T A B L I S H M E N T S P R O V I D I N G
P A I D H O L I D A Y S --------------------------

12

3

17

-

1

3

(9 )

-

MB

97

83

1 00

99

97

99

100

8 .2

8 .7

7 .6

9 .3

9 .0

8 .8

9. 1

9 ,1

(9 )
(9 )

-

1
(9 )
(9 )

AVERAGE NUMBER

WORKERS

OF P AID

HOLIDAYS

F O R W O R K E R S IN E S T A B L I S H M E N T S
P R O V I D I N G H O L I D A Y S -------------------P E R C E N T OF W O R K E R S BY N U M B E R
OF P A I D H O L I D A Y S P R O V I D E D 10
1 H O L I D A Y ---------------------------------3 H O L I D A Y S ---------------------------------

5 H O L I D A Y S --------------------------------6 H O L I D A Y S --------------------------------7 H O L I D A Y S --------------------------------p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s --------------------« H O L I D A Y S --------------------------------P L U S 1 H A L F D A Y -----------------------------------------P L U S 2 H A L F D A Y S --------------------------------------9 H O L I D A Y S -------------------------------------------------------------P L U S 2 H A L F D A Y S --------------------------------------10 H O L I D A Y S ----------------------------------------------------------P L U S 1 H A L F D A Y -----------------------------------------11 H O L I D A Y S ------------------- --------------------------------------1 2 H O L I D A Y S -----------------------------------------------------------P E R C E N T OF W O R K E R S
P A I D H O L I D A Y TIME

days

1 /2

DAYS
OAYS

or

more

-

22

2
3
1
7
19

-

3

“

-

lb

21

3

i

20
29
-

1
4
2u
1
19
2
1
18
1
1A
«

3
(9 )

4
19
3

le
-

?b

6

-

4

d

(9)
1
13
(9 )
16
2
1
16

4

-

22
1
12
1

5

I

-

10
-

15
-

20
2
15
1

18
-

42
4

39
8
*

30
-

40

3

22
1
31
-

IS

2
1

1
2

3
1

1 00
1 00
100
100
1 00
96
75
75
46

97
97
97
97
97
75
62
61
3b

IS

99
99
99
98
98
as
67
65
48
7

99
99
99
99
98
88
68
67
52
8

15

4

1

i

-

19
-

BY TOTAL
P R O V I u E D 11

1 D A Y OR M O R E -----------------------------------------------------3 D A Y S O R M O R E ---------------------------------------------------S D A Y S O R M O R E ---------------------------------------------------6 D A Y S O R M O R E ---------------------------------------------------7 O A Y S O R M O R E ---------------------------------------------------8 D A Y S O R M O R E ---------------------------------------------------B 1 / 2 D A Y S O R M O R F -----------------------------------------9 D A Y S O R . M O R E ---------------------------------------------------lo
10
11
12

_

1

2

-------------------------------------------------

D A Y S O R m o r e --------------------------------------O R M O R E --------------------------------------------------------------

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e s .




38
37
85
*4
80
60
90
39
19

97
97
97
97
97
7b
97
S9
31

83
81
76
77
70

4
4

3
3

4
4

(9 )

1

SI
30
29
li

'

i

3
3
2

4
i

100
100
100
100
100
85
67
67
47
8
8

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o rk e r s

Ite m 10
A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

N on m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b l ic u t ilit ie s

P ercen t o f w ork ers
A ll fu l l- t im e w o r k e r s . __ _____________ __

100

100

100

100

N ew Y e a r 's D a y ..
_ __
W a sh in g to n ' s B i r t h d a y ___________________ ____
G ood F r id a y ________ _ _________________ ___ _____
E a s t e r M o n d a y ___________________ _— ___ _ __
M e m o r ia l D a y ____________ _______________ ._____
F o u r th o f J u ly ____ m
_
J u ly 24th _
_ . . --------- — _
L a b o r D ay
C olu m b u s D a y . _____
V e t e r a n s D a y __ ___
__ ___ __
T h a n k sg iv in g D ay ______________ .______ _________
D ay a ft e r T h a n k s g iv in g ___ — ____ ______ ___ . . .
C h r is tm a s E v e _________________________________
C h r is t m a s E v e , h a lf day
C h r is t m a s D a y ___ . . __ ____ _____________ ______
E x tra day d u rin g C h r is t m a s w e e k ----------- —
N ew Y e a r 's E v e , h a lf d a y _______ ___________
F lo a tin g h o lid a y , h a lf day 13___
___
F lo a tin g h o lid a y , 1 day 1 .
E m p lo y e e 's b ir th d a y ._ .
. .
E x tra day e m p l o y e e 's b ir t h d a y __________ ___
E m p lo y e e 's a n n iv e r s a r y ...___ __________. . . . __

85
34
8
2
85
84
71
83
13
87
19
15
5
87
2
2

97
36
8
6
97
94
87
97
1
97
37
28
12
97

78
33
8
78
78
61
75
20
81
8
7
1
81
1
-

100
69
27
100
100
46
100
-

S e e footnotes at end of tables.




4
6

-

-

-

11
13
1
2

13

10
18
1
3

4

-

44

100
3
22
96
6
-

21
51
6

15

100
98
60
9
(9 )
98
98
87
98
22
40
98
22
13
4

98
1
2
3
18
12
(9 )

1

100

100

100

97
36
16
1
97
94
89
97
2
97
34
29
7
97
3

99
66
7
99
99
86
98
28
50
99
19
9
3
98
1

100
43
25
100
100
61
100
_
48
100
25
13
97
31
43

6

31
1
-

4

15
15
(’ )

2

o
8

O ffice w o rk e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

PERCENT
ALL

OF

FULL-TIMt

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

10O

10u

100

100

lo o

100

100

-

(4 )

-

(9)

-

99
49
(4 )

100
100
-

99
99
1

100
98
2

1

30
2

2
45
«
3

“
47
-

31
1
68
-

37

VORKERS

WORKERS

--------------

IN E S T A B L I S H M E N T S N O T P R O V I D I N G
P A I D V A C A T I O N S ------------------------IN E S T A B L I S H M E N T - , P R O V I D I N G
P A I D V A C A T I O N S ------------------------L E N G T H - O F - T P R P A Y M E N T ------------P E R C E N T A G E P A Y M E N T ------------------

lo o

2

(9)

3

98
91
7

99
90
10

97
93
4

6 M O N T H S OF S E R V I C E !
U N D E R 1 W E E K -----------------------1 W E E K -------------------------------O V E R 1 A N D U N D E R ? w E t . K S ------.2 W E E K S -------------------------------

1
15
2
-

“
15
6

i

-

15

45

1 Y E A R UF S E R V I C E !
1 W E E K -------------------------------O V E R I A N U U N D E R ? W E E K S ------2 W E E K S -------------------------------------------------O V E R 2 A N D U N D E R 3 w t C - K S -----------3 W E E K S --------------------------------------------------

67
2
27
1
(4 )

? Y EARS OF SERVICE!
1 W E E K ---------------------------------------------------O V E R 1 A N O U N D F R 2 W E E K S -----------2 W E E K S -------------------------------------------------O V E R 2 A N O U N D E R 3 W E E K S -----------3 W E E K S --------------------------------------------------

AMOUNT

OF P A I D

VACATION

100
77
23

A F T E R ! 14

-

(9)

"

-

3

61
4
30
J
1

71
(9)
23
-

45
55
-

30
2
67
1
*

28
3
65
4

26
2
63
5
1

30
3
50.
13
3

23
2
71
(9)
*

3
97
-

10
81
4
4

5
2
92
1

2
98
-

-

6
1
89
2
1

3 Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E !
1 W E E K ----------------------------------------------------O V E R 1 A N D U N D E R 2 W E E K S ------2 W E E K S ------------------------------O V E R 2 A N D U N D E R 3 W E E K S ------3 W E E K S -------------------------------

9
2
79
5
2

6
3
71
13
6

11
2
84
(9)

100
“

1
1
94
2
2

3
83
4
10

1
1
97
1
<91

100
-

4 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 W E E K -------------------------------O V E R 1 A N D U N D E R 2 W E E K S ------2 W E E K S ------------------------------O V E R 2 A N D U N D E R 3 wEc.K5 ------3 W E E K S -------------------------------

5
2
62
5
3

3
3
72
13
6

7
c
86
(9 )

100
-

1
1
94
2
3

2
82
4
12

(9 )
1
97
1
(9 )

100
-

5 Y E A R S OF S E R V I C E !
1 W E E K -------------------------------O V E R 1 A N O U N D E R 2 W E E K S ------2 W E E K S ------------------------------O V E R 2 A N U U N D E R 3 W E E K S ------3 W E E K S ------------------------------4 W E E K S -------------------------------

3
1
71
5
16

2
-

3
2
74
(9)
17




(9 )

67

13
16

(9 )

94
6

(9 )

1
68

3
28
<9)

63
“

-

1
-

60
6

32

(9 )

1
69

2
27
(9 )

-

83
17

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o rk e r s

Ite m
A ll in d u s t r ie s

AMOUNT Or PAID VACATION AFTER14
CONTINUED

M a n u fa ctu r in g

N on m a n u f a ctu r ing

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

P u b l ic u t ilit ie s

-

10 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------------2 WEFKS --------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ------3 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UN DE R A WEEKS ------4 WEFKS --------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ------

2
17

3
29

-

(9)

-

-

3

12

-

-

3

-

60
5
5
(9 )

59
11
9
1

61
2

90
7

2
“

-

72
3
8
1

76
3
10
3

12 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------------2 WEEKS --------------------------3 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS -----------4 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ------------

3
18
66
5
5
1

2
10
65
11
10
1

3
22
67
(9 )
2
1

-

(9)
10

15 YFARS OE SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 wEtKS -----------4 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ------------

3
14
54
2
21
4

2
10
52
4
24
9

3
17
56
(9 )
15
1

2C YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------------2 WEEKS --------------------------3 WFFKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS ------4 WEFKS --------------------------OVER 4 ANO UNDFR 5 WEEKS ------5 WEEKS ---------------------------

3
14
31
(9 )
38
4
7

2
1C
21

3
17
38
(9 )
31

3
25

25 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------------2 WEEKS --------------------------3 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS ------4 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS ------5 WEEKS --------------------------6 WEEKS ---------------------------

(9 )

30 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------------2 WEEKS --------------------------3 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS ------4 WEEKS --------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 W E E K S ------5 WEEKS --------------------------6 WEEKS----------------------------

3
14
29
(9 )
27
4
18
1




N on m a n u fa c tu rin g

3
14
29
(9 )
28
4
18

-

48
11

t
t

2
10
15

-

43
11

-

7

3
17
38
(9 )
19

-

Id
-

18
1

2
10
15

3
17
38
(9 )
19

42

11
Id
2

84
8
6

-

-

7

76
2
9
2

1
5
7b
4
12
3

(9 )
12
77
1
8
2

2
84
6
8

3
60
31
7

(9)
8
61
3
26
2

1
4
62
4
27
3

(9 )
9
61
2
25
2

2
65
25
8

-

(9 )
8
28
1
54

1
4
17

(91
9
31
1
51

53

-

-

7

22

3
90
-

-

3
16

-

53

63
6
9

-

i

28

7

-

(9)
H

1
4

27
1
44

u
-

3
16

-

12

-

70

17
(9 )

64

6

i

3
16

9

18
1

-

(9 )
14
4
71
3
7

1
7

70
2

(9 )
8
27
1
44
1
17
2

(9 )
9
31
1
39

«

*

19
1

1
4

(9 )
9

-

31
1
39

13

u
62
6

15

2

-

2
23

-

2
23

«
12

-

64

2
23

11

-

-

17
2

58
6

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o rk e rs

Item
A ll in d u s tr ie s

amount

of

p a id

v a c a t io n

a f t e r 14

M a n u fa ctu rin g

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

3
1A
29
(9 )
27
4
18
1
1

2
10
15
A*
11
18
“
2

3
17
38
(9 )
19

3
16

A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu r in g

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

-

CONTINUED
MAXIMUM VACATION AVAILABLE!
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------3 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS -----------A WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER A AND UNOFR S WEEKS -----------5 WEFKS -------------------------------------------------6 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------7 WEEKS --------------------------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




_

9

-

_

18
1

70
2

19)
e
27
1
44
1
17
2

i
A
11
62
6
15
_

(9 )
9
31
1
39
-

17
2

2
23
-

11
58
6

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o rk e r s

Ite m
A ll in d u s t r ie s

PERCENT OF

M a n u fa ctu r in g

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b l ic u t ilit ie s

100

100

100

100

WORKERS

W O R K E R S --------------

100

lo o

100

100

IN E S T A B L I S H M E N T S P R O V I D I N G AT
L E A S T O N E O F THE B E N E F I T S
S H O W N B E L O W 1 -----------------------------5

94

lo o

90

100

99

lo o

99

100

L I F E I N S U R A N C E --------------------------N O N C O N T R l H U T O R Y P L A N S ---------------

89
49

lo u
46

82
50

100
84

98
60

lo o
50

98
63

100
81

-------------P L A N S ---------------

77
40

R4
39

72
41

93
76

19
40

73
34

80
42

92
75

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT INSURANCt
O R S I C K L E A V E O R B O T H 16---------------

78

89

71

85

96

96

95

96

44
28

58
34

36
25

33
33

41
23

59
46

36
17

19
19

ALL F U L L - T I M E

ACCIDENTAL

DEATH

dismemberment

AND

insurance

NONCONTRIBUTORY

SICKNESS AND a c c i d e n t
I N S U R A N C E -----------------------------N O N C O N T R I B U T O R Y P L A N S ------------S I C K L E A V E (FU L L P A Y A N D NO
W A I T I N G P E R I O D ) ---------------------S I C K L E A V E ( P A R T I A L P A Y OR
WAITING PERIOD) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

36

45

31

33

to

78

67

54

Zb

?6

25

24

2(1

14

22

31

LONG-TERM DISABILITY
INSURANCE - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - N O N C O N T R 1h U T Q m y P L A N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Z3
9

34
10

15
8

37
28

45

57
14

42
20

69
53

HOSPITALIZATION INSURANCE - - - - - - - - - - - - - - N O NCONTfiI B U T O R Y P L A N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

94
45

l'JU

90
43

100
72

99

49

4b

100
51

99
44

100
63

SURGICAL INSURANCE - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

94
45

loo
49

90
43

100
72

99
46

100
51

99
44

100
63

94
45

100
49

90
43

100
72

99
46

100
51

99
44

100
63

91
43

100
49

85
40

100
72

49
h5

98
48

99
44

100
63

----------------------------P L A N S ------------------

25
16

24
14

31
24

22

20

11

16
14

24
10

25
16

RETIREMENT PENSION - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

66
48

78
57

58
43

77
71

82
67

86
62

81
69

85
85

medical

insurance

NONCONTRIBUTORY

---------------------------------------------

PLANS

MAJOR MEDICAL INSURANCE
NONCONTRIHUTORY PLANS
DFNTAL INSURANCE
NONCONTRIBUTOPY

-----------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




19

Footnotes
A ll of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime
at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median
designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more and half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined
by two rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
3 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
4 These salaries relate to formally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-tim e salaries that are paid for standard
workweeks.
5 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as m essenger.
6 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the m ost common standard workweeks reported.
7 Includes all plant workers in establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose formal provisions cover late
shifts, even though the establishments were not currently operating late shifts.
8 L ess than 0.05 percent.
9 L ess than 0.5 percent.
10 For purposes of this study, pay for a Sunday in December, negotiated in the automobile industry, is not treated as a paid holiday.
1 A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving
1
a total of 9 days includes those with 9 full days and no half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
Proportions then were cumulated.
12 A Christmas—
New Year holiday period is an unbroken series of holidays which includes Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, New Y ear's
Eve, and New Y ea r's Day.
Such a holiday period is common in the automobile, aerospace, and farm implement industries.
1 "F lo atin g " holidays vary from year to year according to employer or employee choice.
3
1 Includes payments other than "length of t im e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an
4
equivalent time b a sis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily
and do not necessarily reflect individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in proportions at 10 years include changes between
5 and 10 years. Estim ates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks' pay after 10 years includes those eligible for
at least 3 weeks' pay after fewer years of service.
1 Estim ates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer. "Noncontributory
5
plans" include only those financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are legally required plans, such as workmen's compensation, social
security, and railroad retirement.
1 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are
6
limited to those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that each employee can expect. Informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e la t e d b e n e fit s da ta a r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v is i t s o f B u r e a u fi e ld r e p r e s e n t ­
a tiv e s at 3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls . 1 In e a c h o f th e in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a t io n on e m p lo y m e n t and
o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s i s c o l l e c t e d b y a c o m b in a t io n o f p e r s o n a l v is i t , m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e , and t e l e ­
ph one in te r v ie w f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t s p a r t ic ip a t in g in th e p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h o f the 83 2 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , da ta a re o b ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e ,e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u s tr y d i v is i o n s : M a n u fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r
p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r
in d u s tr y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and th e c o n s t r u c t io n and
e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n t s h a vin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d
b e c a u s e o f in s u ff ic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d .
S e p a ra te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r
e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p le b a s i s .
T h e sa m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e t a ile d
s t r a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s t r y and n u m b e r
o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m t h is s t r a t i fie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le is s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t
ha vin g a p r e d e t e r m in e d c h a n c e o f s e l e c t i o n . T o o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e than s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d . W hen da ta a r e c o m b in e d , e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t
i s w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g t o it s p r o b a b ilit y o f s e l e c t i o n , s o that u n b ia s e d e s t im a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d .
F or
e x a m p le , i f on e out o f f o u r e s t a b lis h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d , it i s g iv e n a w e ig h t o f fo u r t o r e p r e s e n t it s e l f
p lu s th r e e o t h e r s . An a lte r n a te o f th e s a m e o r i g in a l p r o b a b ilit y is c h o s e n in th e sa m e in d u s t r y - s iz e
c l a s s i f ic a t i o n i f data a r e not a v a ila b le f o r th e o r i g in a l sa m p le m e m b e r .
I f n o s u ita b le su b stitu te is
a v a ila b le , a d d itio n a l w e ig h t i s a s s ig n e d t o a s a m p le m e m b e r that is s i m il a r t o th e m is s in g unit.
O cc u p a tio n s and E a rn in g s
O c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g
in d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f th e fo llo w in g t y p e s :
(1 ) O ffi c e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n i c a l; (3 )
m a in te n a n ce and p o w e r p la n t ; and (4 ) c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t . O c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is
b a s e d on a u n ifo r m set o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d t o ta k e a c c o u n t o f in te r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u ties w ith in th e s a m e jo b . O c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stud y a r e li s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p en d ix B .
U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d , th e e a r n in g s da ta fo llo w in g th e j o b t it l e s a r e f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
E a rn in g s da ta f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t io n s li s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w ithin
o c c u p a t io n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e it h e r (1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n
i s t o o s m a ll t o p r o v id e en ou g h da ta t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2 ) t h e r e i s p o s s ib i li t y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t da ta . S e p a r a te m e n 's and w o m e n ’ s e a r n in g s da ta a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d w hen th e
n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s not id e n t ifie d b y s e x i s 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m e n o r w o m e n id e n t ifie d in an
o c c u p a tio n .
E a r n in g s da ta n ot sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s tr y d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d in a ll in d u s t r ie s
c o m b in e d d a ta , w h e r e sh ow n .
L ik e w i s e , d a ta a r e in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a ll c l a s s i f ic a t i o n w hen a s u b ­
c l a s s i fic a t i o n o f e l e c t r o n i c s t e c h n i c i a n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r iv e r s i s not sh ow n o r in fo r m a t io n t o
s u b c la s s ify is not a v a ila b le .
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e sh ow n f o r fu l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d
t o w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le . E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s . N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u s e s a re e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w a n c e s
ahd in ce n tiv e b o n u s e s a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l
o c c u p a t io n s r e f e r t o th e sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e iv e r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s (e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s a r e r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t im e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r t im e m a y n ot r e f le c t e x p e c t e d w a g e ch a n g e s .
T he a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s a r e a ffe c t e d b y ch a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F or
e x a m p le , p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y ch a n g e , o r h ig h -w a g e

1 Personal visits were on a 2-y ea r c y c le before July 1972.
2 Included in the 83 areas are 13 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are Akron, Ohio; Austin, T e x .; Binghamton,
N. Y . — P a .; Birmingham, A l a .; Fort Lauderdale—H ollyw ood and West Palm Beach—Boca Raton, F l a .; Lexington—Fayette, Ky. ; Melbourne—T itu s v ille C ocoa , F la .; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, V a. —N. C . ; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y .; R aleigh—
Durham, N .C .; Syracuse, N .Y .; U tica—R om e, N .Y .; and Westchester County, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
in approximately 70 areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.




w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e t o b e t t e r j o b s and b e r e p la c e d b y n e w w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s .
S u ch s h ift s in
e m p lo y m e n t co u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th ou g h m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a
i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u rin g th e y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , show n in t a b le A - 7 ,
a r e b e t t e r in d ic a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than in d iv id u a l j o b s w ith in th e g r o u p s .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f le c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i m a t e s . I n d u s t r ie s and e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r
in p a y le v e l and jo b s ta ffin g , and thus c o n t r ib u t e d i ff e r e n t ly t o th e e s t im a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
P ay
a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f le c t a c c u r a t e ly th e w a g e d i ff e r e n t ia l a m on g j o b s in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s fo r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s h o u ld not b e a s s u m e d t o
r e f l e c t d i ff e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l is h m e n t s . F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n t r ib u t e
t o d i f f e r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ithin e s t a b l is h e d r a te r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly th e r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n t s
a r e c o l le c t e d , and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u tie s w ith in th e g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s
J ob
d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d t o c l a s s i f y e m p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a li z e d than t h o s e u se d
in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s and a llo w f o r m in o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m on g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c
d u tie s p e r fo r m e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e
o f th e stu d y and not the n u m b e r a ctu a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s a m on g e s t a b l is h ­
m e n t s d i f f e r , e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d
s e r v e on ly t o in d ic a t e th e r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s tu d ie d . T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l
s t r u c t u r e do not a ffe c t m a t e r ia lly th e a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s data.
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s
The
Annual ra tes
span b e tw e e n
i n c r e a s e d at

p e r c e n t s o f ch a n g e in ta b le A - 7 r e la t e t o w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e in d ic a t e d d a te s .
o f in c r e a s e , w h e r e sh ow n , r e f l e c t th e a m ou n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n th s w hen th e t im e
s u r v e y s w a s o th e r than 12 m o n th s . A n n u a l r a t e s a r e b a s e d on th e a s s u m p t io n that w a g e s
a co n s ta n t ra te b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .

O c c u p a t io n s u s e d t o co m p u te w a g e tr e n d s a r e :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n ):
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B
C l e r k s , a cc o u n tin g , c l a s s e s A and B
C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C le rk s , ord e r
C le rk s , p a y ro ll
K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s e s A and B
M essen g ers
S e c r e t a r ie s
S ten og ra p h ers, g en era l
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B
T y p is t s , c l a s s e s A and B
E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s in g
(m en and w o m e n ):
C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s , c l a s s e s A , B ,
and C

E l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g (m en
and w o m e n )— C on tin u e d
C o m p u t e r s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s , c l a s s e s A ,
B , and C
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m en and w o m e n ):
N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l (r e g i s t e r e d )
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ):
C a rp e n te rs
E le ct ricia n s
M a c h in is t s
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n ic s (a u t o m o t iv e )
P a in t e r s
P ip e f it t e r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ):
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g

P e r c e n t ch a n g es fo r in d iv id u a l a r e a s in the p r o g r a m a r e c o m p u t e d a s f o l lo w s :
1. E a ch o c c u p a t io n i s a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on it s p r o p o r t io n a t e e m p lo y m e n t in th e s e l e c t e d
g r o u p o f o c c u p a t io n s in th e b a s e y e a r .
2. T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u s e d t o c o m p u t e g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a t io n 's a v e r a g e (m e a n )
e a r n in g s i s m u lt ip lie d b y it s w e ig h t. T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a le d t o o b ta in a g r o u p a v e r a g e .
3. T h e r a t io o f g r o u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s i s c o m p u t e d b y d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e
f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r b y th e a v e r a g e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u lt s — e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100
is the p e r c e n t ch a n g e.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s
T h e B - s e r i e s t a b le s p r o v id e in fo r m a t io n on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e
p r o v is i o n s f o r f u l l - t i m e p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
" P la n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e w o r k in g fo r e m e n and a ll
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g le a d m e n and t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c t io n s .
C a fe t e r ia
w o r k e r s and ro u t e m e n a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m m a n u fa c tu r in g , but in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g in d u s t r ie s .
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g
s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r
r e l a t e d fu n c t io n s .
A d m in i s t r a t iv e , e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and p a r t - t im e e m p l o y e e s a re e x c lu d e d .
P a r t - t i m e e m p l o y e e s a r e t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a s c h e d u le ca llin g r e g u la r ly fo r fe w e r w e e k ly h o u r s than
th e e s t a b l is h m e n t 's
s c h e d u le f o r f u l l - t i m e e m p lo y e e s in the sa m e g e n e r a l ty p e o f w o r k .
T he
d e t e r m in a t io n is b a s e d on th e e m p l o y e r 's d is t in c t io n b e tw e e n the tw o g ro u p s w h ic h m a y ta k e in to
a c c o u n t n ot o n ly d i f f e r e n c e s in w o r k s c h e d u le s but d i ff e r e n c e s in pay and b e n e fit s .
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s re la t e only to the e s t a b lis h m e n t s v is i t e d . (See
t a b le B - l . )
B e c a u s e o f th e o p t im u m s a m p lin g te ch n iq u e s u s e d and the p r o b a b ilit y that la r g e
e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e m o r e li k e l y than s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s t o have f o r m a l e n t r a n c e r a t e s a b o v e the
s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , th e t a b le is m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d iu m and la r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
S h ift d iff e r e n t ia l d a ta a r e li m it e d t o f u l l- t im e plant w o r k e r s in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s . (S ee
t a b le B - 2 . ) T h is in fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f (1 ) e s t a b lis h m e n t p o lic y 3 f o r t o t a l plant w o r k e r
e m p lo y m e n t , and (2 ) e f f e c t iv e p r a c t i c e f o r w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c ifie d sh ift at th e t im e o f the
s u r v e y . In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g v a r ie d d i ff e r e n t ia l s , the am ount a p p ly in g t o a m a jo r it y is u s e d .
In
e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g s o m e la t e - s h i f t h o u r s p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n t ia l is r e c o r d e d o n ly i f it
a p p lie s t o a m a jo r it y o f th e sh ift h o u r s . A s e c o n d (e v e n in g ) sh ift en d s w o rk at o r n e a r m id n ig h t. A
t h ir d (n ig h t) sh ift s t a r t s w o r k at o r n e a r m id n ig h t.
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s o f a m a jo r it y o f the fi r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l is h ­
m en t a r e t a b u la te d as a p p ly in g t o a ll f u l l - t i m e plant o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s o f that e s t a b lis h m e n t .
(S ee
t a b le B - 3 . )
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s a re t h o s e w h ic h a m a jo r it y of f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s a re
e x p e c t e d t o w o r k f o r s t r a i g h t - t im e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
P a id h o l id a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n pla ns a re t r e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly
as a p p ly in g t o a ll fu l l - t i m e pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f su ch w o r k e r s a re e li g ib le o r m a y
e v e n t u a lly q u a lify f o r th e p r a c t i c e s li s t e d . (S ee t a b le s B - 4 th rou g h B - 6 . ) Sum s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s in
t a b le s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 5 m a y n ot e q u a l t o t a ls b e c a u s e o f rounding..

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t io n p la n s is a s t a t is t i c a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a t io n p r o v is io n s r a th e r than a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t io n o f fu l l - t i m e w o r k e r s a ct u a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c i f i c b e n e fit s . (See ta b le B - 5 . )
P r o v i s i o n s a pply t o a ll pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t r e g a r d le s s o f len gth o f s e r v i c e .
P a y m e n ts on o t h e r than a t im e b a s is a r e c o n v e r t e d t o a t im e p e r io d ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual e a r n in g s a r e c o n s id e r e d e q u iv a le n t t o 1 w e e k 's p a y . O n ly b a s i c p la n s a re in clu d e d . E s tim a te s
e x c lu d e v a c a t io n b o n u s e s , v a c a t i o n -s a v in g s p la n s , and " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l " b e n e fit s b e y o n d b a s ic
p la n s .
Such p r o v is i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , and ca n in d u s t r ie s .
H ea lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s f o r w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s at le a s t a pa rt o f the c o s t
in c lu d e t h o s e (1 ) u n d e rw ritte n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a t io n , (2)
p r o v id e d th ro u g h a union fu n d , o r (3 ) p a id d i r e c t ly b y the e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a tin g funds o r
f r o m a fund s e t a s id e f o r t h is p u r p o s e .
(S ee t a b le B - 6 . )
An e s t a b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d t o have
s u c h a pla n i f the m a jo r it y o f e m p l o y e e s a r e c o v e r e d e v e n th ou g h l e s s than a m a jo r it y p a r t ic ip a t e
u n d e r th e pla n b e c a u s e e m p l o y e e s a r e r e q u i r e d t o co n t r ib u t e t o w a r d the c o s t .
E x c lu d e d are
le g a ll y r e q u ir e d p la n s , su c h as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e i s li m it e d t o that ty p e o f in s u r a n c e u n d er w h ich p r e d e t e r m in e d
c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d i r e c t ly t o th e in s u r e d d u rin g t e m p o r a r y il ln e s s o r a c c id e n t d is a b ilit y .
I n fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s u c h p la n s t o w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r ib u t e s .
H o w e v e r , in New
Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w h ic h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s re q u ir in g e m p lo y e r
c o n t r ib u t io n s ,4 p la n s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f th e e m p l o y e r (1 ) c o n t r ib u t e s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d ,
o r (2 ) p r o v id e s th e e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e fit s w h ic h e x c e e d th e r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s o f
p a id s ic k le a v e p la n s a r e li m it e d t o f o r m a l p l a n s 5 w h ic h p r o v id e fu ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the
w o r k e r 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s .
S e p a ra te ta b u la tio n s a re p r e s e n t e d
a c c o r d i n g t o (1 ) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e fu ll p a y and n o w a itin g p e r io d , and (2 ) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e e it h e r
p a r t ia l p a y o r a w a itin g p e r io d .
In a d d itio n t o th e p r e s e n t a t io n o f p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s p r o v id e d
s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p lica te d t o t a l is show n o f w o r k e r s w ho
r e c e i v e e it h e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e fit s .
L o n g t e r m d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e p la n s p r o v id e p a y m e n ts t o t o t a lly d is a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon the
e x p ir a t io n o f t h e ir p a id s ic k le a v e a n d /o r s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a ft e r a p r e d e t e r m in e d
p e r io d o f d is a b ilit y (t y p ic a lly 6 m o n t h s ).
P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e u n til the en d o f the d is a b ilit y , a
m a x im u m a g e , o r e li g ib il it y f o r r e t ir e m e n t b e n e fit s .
F u ll o r p a r t ia l p a y m e n ts a r e a lm o s t a lw a ys
r e d u c e d b y s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , and p r iv a t e p e n s io n s b e n e fit s p a y a b le t o the
d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .

D ata on p a id h o lid a y s a r e li m it e d t o h o lid a y s g ra n te d a nnually on a f o r m a l b a s i s , w h ic h (1 )
a r e p r o v id e d fo r in w r it te n f o r m , o r (2 ) a r e e s t a b lis h e d by c u s t o m .
(See ta b le B - 4 . )
H o lid a y s
o r d in a r i ly g r a n t e d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y fa ll on a n on w o rk d a y and th e w o r k e r is not
g r a n t e d a n o th e r day o ff .
T h e f i r s t p a r t o f th e p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w h o le and
h a lf h o lid a y s a c t u a lly g r a n t e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s to sh ow t o t a l h o lid a y
t i m e . T a b le B - 4 a r e p o r t s th e in c id e n c e o f th e m o s t c o m m o n p a id h o lid a y s.

M a jo r m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e p la n s p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s f r o m s i c k n e s s and in ju r y e x p e n s e s b ey on d
th e c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d i c a l, and s u r g i c a l p la n s . T y p ic a l fe a t u r e s o f m a jo r m e d ic a l
p la n s a r e (1 ) a " d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) p a id b y th e in s u r e d b e f o r e b e n e fit s b e g in ; (2) a c o in s u r a n c e
fe a t u r e r e q u ir in g th e in s u r e d t o p a y a p o r t io n ( e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f c e r t a in e x p e n s e s ; and (3 ) sta ted
d o l la r m a x im u m b e n e fit s ( e . g . , $ 1 0 ,0 0 0 a y e a r ) .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e p r o v id e s c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l
p a y m en t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . D en ta l in s u r a n c e u s u a lly c o v e r s f i ll in g s , e x t r a c t io n s , and X - r a y s . E x clu d e d
a re p la n s w h ic h c o v e r o n ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e .
R e t ir e m e n t p e n sio n p la n s p r o v id e
p a y m e n ts fo r the r e m a in d e r o f th e w o r k e r 's l i f e .

3 A n establishment was considered as having a p o licy if it met either o f the following conditions: (1) Operated late .Iiifts at the tim e o f the
survey, or (2 ) had form al provisions covering late shifts. A n establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months before the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form to operate late shifts.

* The temporary disability laws in C alifornia and Rhode Island do not require em ployer contributions.
5 A n establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the minim um number of days sick leave available to each
em ployee.
Such a plan need not be written; but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.




Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah,1 November 1975
N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t .
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l is h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f stu d y

I n d u s try d i v i s i o n 2

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
W ithin s c o p e o f stu d y

W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y *

S tudied
T o ta l4

S tudied
N u m ber

A ll d i v is io n s _

_ _ _

F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
S e r v ic e s 8
_

----

------

_

___

F u ll - t im e
o ff ic e w o rk e rs

T o t a l4

570

—
50

T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5
W h o le s a le t r a d e __
__
—

P ercen t

F u ll-tim e
p la n t w o r k e r s

50
50
50
50
50

140

1 0 7 .7 0 0

100

6 5 .7 8 9

1 8 ,3 8 3

5 7 .3 5 2

177
393

48
92

3 6 ,5 0 4
7 1 /1 9 6

34

2 4 ,9 8 2
4 0 , 807

3 ,9 9 4
1 4 ,3 8 9

1 9 ,2 2 7
3 8 ]1 2 5

47
66
152
53
75

18
15
28
12
19

1 7,6 95
7 ,3 8 9
2 9 ,7 7 2
9 ’ 111

3,397

1 3 ,6 5 7
2 , 673
14, 944
4 ,4 8 5
2 ,3 6 6

7 ,2 2 9

66
16
7
28
8
7

7, 705
(6)
6)
hi
n

(6)
(6 )

n
(6 )

1 T h e S a lt L a k e C ity — g d en S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y th e O ffi c e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u d get th ro u g h F e b r u a r y 1 97 4, c o n s is t s o f D a v is , S a lt L a k e , T o o e l e , and W e b e r
O
C o u n tie s. T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s sh ow n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
E s t im a t e s
a r e not in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , f o r c o m p a r is o n w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s sin ce (1) pla n n in g o f w ag e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b lis h m e n t da ta c o m p il e d c o n s id e r a b l y in
a d v an ce o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d s tu d ie d , and (2 ) s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2
T h e 1967 e d it io n o f th e S ta n d a rd In d u s t r ia l C l a s s if ic a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e s t a b lis h m e n t s b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n . A ll o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f co m p a n ie s in in d u s t r ie s s u c h as t r a d e , fi n a n c e , au to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , and
m o tio n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 I n clu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , p a r t - t i m e , and o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e pla n t and o f f i c e c a t e g o r ie s .
5 A b b r e v ia t e d t o " p u b l ic u t il it i e s " in the A - and B - s e r i e s t a b l e s . T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r tra n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x clu d e d .
6 T h is d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and " n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s , and fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta is
not m a d e f o r on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t is t o o s m a ll t o p r o v id e en ou g h data t o m e r it s e p a r a te stu d y , (2 ) the s a m p le w a s not d e s ig n e d in it ia l ly to p e r m it s e p a r a t e
p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , and (4 ) t h e r e is p o s s ib i li t y of d i s c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t da ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e d i v is i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and " n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , but f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in e s t im a t e s f o r '.'all
in d u s t r ie s " in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s . S e p a ra te p r e s e n t a t io n o f da ta is n ot m a d e fo r on e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo otn ote 6.
8 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, and p a r k in g , m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s
and ch a r ita b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

In d u s t r ia l c o m p o s it io n in m a n u fa ctu rin g
O v e r o n e -t h i r d o f the w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the S alt L a k e C ity^ O gd en
a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a jo r in d u s tr y
g ro u p s and s p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa ctu rin g :
I n d u s try g ro u p s

S p e c if ic in d u s t r ie s

M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l — 20
F o o d and k in d r e d p r o d u c t 8—
11
T r a n s p o r t a t io n e q u ip m e n t— —__ 10
P r i m a r y m e t a l in d u s t r ie s ____ —
8
A p p a r e l and o t h e r t e x t ile
p r o d u c t s ________________- ______ __
7
P r in tin g and p u b lis h in g __________ 7
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t and
s u p p l ie s _________ ____ —_________
6
F a b r ic a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ______ 6
C h e m ic a ls and a llie d
p r o d u c t s _______________________ —
5
I n s tru m e n ts and r e la t e d
p r o d u c t s ___ _____
5
S to n e , c l a y , and g la s s
p r o d u c t s _______________________ , „ 5

O ffi c e and com p u tin g
m a c h in e s __________________________ 9
C o n s t r u c t io n and r e la t e d
m a c h in e r y _______
7
A i r c r a f t and p a r t s _________
7
P r i m a r y n o n fe r r o u s m e t a l s —
6
F a b rica te d s tr u ctu ra l m eta l
p r o d u c t s ________________
5
M e d ic a l in s t r u m e n t s and
s u p p l i e s ___________________________ 5

L a b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e

T h is in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a te r ia ls c o m p ile d b e f o r e a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u s t r y d i v is io n s m a y
d i ff e r fr o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on the r e s u lt s o f th e s u r v e y as sh ow n in the a p p en d ix t a b le .




T h e fo llo w in g ta b u la tion s h o w s th e p e r c e n t o f fu l l - t i m e p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s in w h ich a u n ion c o n t r a c t o r c o n t r a c t s c o v e r e d a m a jo r it y o f the
w o r k e r s in the r e s p e c t i v e c a t e g o r i e s , S a lt L a k e C it y - O g d e n , U ta h , N o v e m b e r 1975:
P la n t w o r k e r s
A ll in d u s t r ie s ---------------------------- —
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________
N on m anufactu rin g___ __
P u b lic u t ilit ie s _______ - -

O ffice w o rk e r s

33
39
29

7
1
8
31

82

An e s t a b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d t o h a v e a c o n t r a c t c o v e r i n g a ll p la n t o r o f f i c e
w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f su c h w o r k e r s a r e c o v e r e d b y a la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t .
T h e r e f o r e , a ll o t h e r pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s a r e e m p lo y e d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s that /e it h e r do
n ot have la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t s in e f f e c t , o r h a v e c o n t r a c t s that a p p ly to fe w e r than
h a lf o f t h e ir pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
E s t im a t e s a r e not n e c e s s a r i l y r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f the
ex ten t to w h ic h a ll w o r k e r s in the a r e a m a y b e c o v e r e d b y th e p r o v is i o n s o f la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t
a g r e e m e n t s , b e c a u s e s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d and th e in d u s t r ia l s c o p e o f th e
s u r v e y i s lim it e d .

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is t o a s s i s t it s f i e l d s t a ff in c l a s s i f y in g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a re e m p lo y e d u n d er a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o l l t it l e s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t t o e s t a b lis h m e n t and
fr o m a re a to a re a .
T h is p e r m it s the g rou p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le j o b co n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on
in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m t h o s e in u se in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d fo r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's fi e ld e c o n o m i s t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
t o e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and h a n d ica p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and in v o i c e s on a m a ch in e o th e r than an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic
t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as t o b il li n g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o rk
in c id e n t a l t o b illin g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f
m a c h in e , as f o l lo w s :

P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h as p o s tin g t o r e g i s t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c i li n g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e r i fy in g th e in te r n a l c o n s is t e n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a tic a l a c c u r a c y
o f a cco u n tin g d o c u m e n t s ; a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d a cco u n tin g d i s t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; ex a m in in g and v e r ify in g
fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s t y p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s t in g , e t c . ; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r
a s s is t in g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p li c a t e d jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s . M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m a n u al o r a u tom a ted
a cco u n tin g s y s t e m .

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ).
U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g m a ch in e (c o m b in a t io n ty p in g and
a ddin g m a c h in e ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s and in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s and
sh ip p in g c h a r g e s and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y not be c o m p u t e d on th e b illin g
m a c h in e , and t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a
la r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ). U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a
t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b il ls as p a rt o f th e a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b l e o p e r a t io n .
G e n e r a lly in v o l v e s th e s im u lt a n e o u s e n t r y o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d .
T h e m a ch in e
a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e s f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s and co m p u te s and u s u a lly p r in ts
a u t o m a t ic a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n ot in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m
u n ifo r m and st a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a le s and c r e d i t s lip s .

T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e th o d s and o f f i c e p r a c t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich
r e l a t e s t o th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g - o f t r a n s a c t i o n s and a cco u n tin g in fo r m a t io n .
W ith
e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r t y p i c a ll y b e c o m e s fa m il ia r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a cco u n tin g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is n ot r e q u ir e d t o h a v e a k n o w le d g e o f the f o r m a l p r in c ip le s
o f b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n tin g .
P o s it i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on th e b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .
C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t io n s w h ic h r e q u ir e
th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t , f o r e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a t e d o r
n o n r e p e t it iv e a cco u n tin g t r a n s a c t i o n s , s e le c t in g a m on g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a ccou n tin g
c o d e s and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s th ou g h p r e v io u s a cco u n tin g a ctio n s t o d e te r m in e
s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s . M a y b e a s s i s t e d b y one o r m o r e c l a s s B a cco u n tin g c l e r k s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e
b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .

(w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f

C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g
p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m il ia r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t ic u la r a cco u n tin g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e t e r m in e s
p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d i t it e m s t o b e u s e d in e a ch p h a se o f th e w o r k . M a y
p r e p a r e c o n s o li d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y hand.

C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t io n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u su a lly
r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t io n s in c lu d e a cco u n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o l l,
c u s t o m e r s * a c c o u n ts (n ot in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d under b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), c o s t
d i s t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d i s t r ib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s is t in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l
b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a cco u n tin g d e p a r tm e n t.

C la s s B . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s a n d sta n d a r d iz e d p r o c e d u r e s ,
p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e r o u tin e a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h as p o s t in g t o le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r
w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e id e n t ific a t io n o f it e m s and lo c a t i o n s o f p o s t in g s a r e c l e a r l y in d ic a te d ; ch e c k in g
a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s o r a cco u n tin g d o c u m e n ts ; and co d in g
d o c u m e n t s u sin g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d a cco u n tin g c o d e s .
C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s t a b lis h e d filin g s y s t e m .
M ay p e r f o r m
c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in ta in f i l e s . P o s it i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in t o ,l e v e l s on the b a s is
o f th e fo llo w in g d e f in it io n s .
C la s s A .
C l a s s i f i e s and
d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b l is h e d
M a y a ls o f i le t h is m a t e r ia l.
M ay
le a d a s m a ll g r o u p o f l o w e r le v e l

in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r ia l s u c h as c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l
filin g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a tt e r f i le s .
k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in co n ju n c t io n w ith the f i le s .
M ay
fi le c l e r k s .

R e v is e d o c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s fo r sw itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r ; s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t ; m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r , t o o l r o o m ; and t o o l and d ie m a k e r a r e b e in g in tr o d u c e d
t h is y e a r .
T h e y a r e th e r e s u lt o f the B u r e a u 's p o l ic y o f p e r io d ic a l ly r e v ie w in g a r e a w a g e s u r v e y o c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s in o r d e r t o ta k e in to a c c o u n t t e c h n o l o g ic a l d e v e lo p m e n ts
and t o c l a r i f y d e s c r i p t i o n s s o th a t th e y a r e m o r e r e a d ily u n d e rs to o d and u n ifo r m ly in t e r p r e t e d .
E v e n though th e r e v i s e d d e s c r i p t i o n s r e f l e c t b a s ic a l ly the sa m e o c c u p a t io n s a s p r e v io u s ly
d e fin e d , s o m e r e p o r t i n g c h a n g e s m a y o c c u r b e c a u s e o f the r e v i s io n s .
T h e n ew s in g le l e v e l d e s c r i p t i o n f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r i s not th e e q u iv a le n t o f 't h e tw o l e v e l s p r e v io u s l y d e fin e d .




S E C R E T A R Y — C on tin u ed
C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s i fi e d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le (s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h ea d in g s
o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r ia l b y fi n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d ex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e
a id s. A s r e q u e s t e d , lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l. M ay p e r f o r m
r e la t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s 8 _ C .
P e r f o r m s rou tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that h a s a lr e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h is
e a s il y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f ic a t i o n s y s t e m
( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g i c a l, o r
n u m e r ic a l) . A s r e q u e s t e d , lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a t e r ia l; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e . M ay p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in ta in and
s e r v i c e f i le s .
C LE R K , ORDER

■E xclusions
N ot a ll p o s it io n s that a re tit le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s .
p o s it io n s w h ich a re e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin it io n a r e as f o l l o w s :
a.

P o s it io n s w h ic h do not m e e t th e " p e r s o n a l "

b.

S te n o g ra p h e r s not fu lly t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l t y p e d u tie s ;

c.
S te n o g ra p h e r s
m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

s e r v in g

as

o ff ic e

s e c r e ta r y con cep t d e s c r ib e d a bove;

a s s is t a n t s

to

a grou p

o f p r o fe s s io n a l,

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s it io n s in w h ic h th e d u tie s a r e e it h e r s u b s t a n t ia lly m o r e
st a n t ia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e fin it io n ;

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo l lo w i n g : Q u otin g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g out an o r d e r
sh e e t lis t in g th e it e m s t o m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s and q u a n titie s o f it e m s on o r d e r sh e e t;
and d is tr ib u tin g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r tm e n ts t o b e f i ll e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r tm e n t
t o d e t e r m in e c r e d i t ra tin g o f c u s t o m e r , a ck n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s , f o llo w up
o r d e r s t o s e e that th e y h a v e b e e n fi l l e d , k e e p f i le o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k sh ip p in g in v o ic e s
w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, PAYROLL
C o m p u te s w a g e s o f co m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o l l s h e e t s .
D u ties in v o lv e :
C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s * e a r n in g s b a s e d on t im e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; and p o s tin g
c a lc u la t e d data on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh ow in g in fo r m a t io n su c h as w o r k e r 's n a m e , w b r k in g d a y s , t im e ,
r a t e , d e d u ctio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and t o t a l w a g e s du e. M a y m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and a s s i s t p a y m a s te r
in m a k in g up and d is t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e lo p e s .
M a y u se a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .
KEYPUNCH O PE R A T O R
O p e r a te s a k ey p u n ch m a c h in e t o r e c o r d o r v e r i f y a lp h a b e t ic a n d /o r n u m e r ic da ta on ta bu latin g
c a r d s o r on ta p e.
P o s it i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to le v e l s

on the b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .

C l a s s A . W o r k r e q u i r e s th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t in s e le c t in g p r o c e d u r e s
t o b e fo llo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in t e r p r e t in g , s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g it e m s t o b e k e y p u n ch e d f r o m a
v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s . On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u tin e k e y p u n ch w o r k . M ay tra in
in e x p e r ie n c e d k ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . W o rk is ro u tin e and r e p e t it iv e .
U n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c
p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts w h ic h h a v e b e e n c o d e d ,
and fo llo w s s p e c i f ie d p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a ve b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il and r e q u ir e lit t le o r n o s e l e c t i n g ,
c o d in g , o r in te r p r e t in g o f da ta t o b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s t o s u p e r v is o r p r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s
it e m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo r m a t io n .
M E SSE N G E R

E x a m p le s o f

e.
A s s is ta n t ty p e p o s it io n s w h ic h in v o lv e m o r e d iff ic u lt o r m o r e
a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c i a l iz e d c l e r i c a l d u tie s w h ic h a r e n ot
w ork .

t e c h n i c a l,

or

ro u tin e o r s u b ­

r e s p o n s i b le t e c h n i c a l,
ty p ica l o f s e c r e t a r ia l

N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e fin it io n s fo l lo w i n g , r e f e r s t o th o s e
o f f i c i a l s w ho h a ve a sig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o l e w ith r e g a r d t o m a jo r c o m p a n y
a c t iv i t ie s .
The t it le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th ou g h n o r m a ll y in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o ^ s not in a ll c a s e s
id e n t ify s u c h p o s it io n s . V i c e p r e s id e n t s w h o s e p r im a r y r e s p o n s i b il it y i s t o a c t p e r s o n a ll y on in d iv id u a l
c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t io n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d en y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ; a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l
t r u s t a c c o u n ts ; d i r e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n ot c o n s i d e r e d t o b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r
p u r p o s e s o f a pplying th e fo llo w in g le v e l d e f in i t io n s .
C la s s A
1. S e c r e t a r y t o the ch a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s ,
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2. S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a
c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y t o the h ea d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o f a m a jo r s e g m e n t
o r s u b s id ia r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
G la s s B
1. S e c r e t a r y t o the ch a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s ,
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

in a ll,

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a
c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y t o the h ea d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l , o v e r e it h e r a m a jo r c o r p o r a t e w id e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv it y ( e .g ., m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , in d u s t r ia l r e l a t i o n s , e t c . ) o r a m a jo r
g e o g r a p h ic o r o rg a n iz a t io n a l se g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a jo r d i v is i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u tie s s u c h as run ning e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g m in o r o f f i c e m a ch in e s
su c h as s e a le r s o r m a i l e r s , op e n in g and d is t r ib u t in g m a il , and o t h e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x clu d e
p o s it io n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a t io n o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.

4.
S e c r e t a r y t o the h ea d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

SECRETARY

5.
S e c r e t a r y t o the h ea d o f a la r g e and im p o r t a n t o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g as m a n y as s e v e r a l h u n d re d
p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly t o on e in d iv id u a l.
M a in ta in s a c l o s e and h ig h ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip t o th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .
W o r k s f a ir ly in d e p e n d e n tly
r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l
d u tie s , u s u a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
a.
R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il, a n s w e r s r o u tin e in q u i r i e s ,
and r o u te s t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s t o th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;
b.

M a in ta in s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p o in tm e n ts as in s t r u c t e d ;

d.
v i s o r 's

E s t a b li s h e s ,

c.

m a in t a in s ,

and r e v i s e s th e

R e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m

P e rfo r m s

s u p e r v is o r t o s u b o r d in a t e s ;

s t e n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu re and d iffic u lt y .
T h e w o rk t y p i c a ll y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e r o u tin e and u n d e rsta n d in g o f th e o r g a n iz a t io n , p r o g r a m s ,
and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d t o th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .




etc.

( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t

le v e l of

C la s s C
1. S e c r e t a r y t o an e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b il it y is n ot e q u iv a le n t t o
on e o f th e s p e c i f ic le v e l situ a tio n s in th e d e fin it io n f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n iz a t io n a l unit
n o r m a lly n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t s
w h ic h a r e often , in t u rn , fu r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , th is le v e l in c lu d e s a w id e ra n g e o f
o r g a n iz a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , on ly on e o r t w o ; 0£

s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s f o r th e s u p e r ­
s ig n a tu r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ;
f.

fa c t o r y ,

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o the h ea d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t,
o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n a .

fa cto r y ,

e t c . (o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l o f

C la s s D
1. S e c r e t a r y t o the
abou t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

s u p e r v is o r

or

head

of

a s m a ll

o r g a n iz a t io n a l

unit

(e .g .,

fe w e r

than

2. S e c r e t a r y t o a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a ff s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )

STENOGRAPHER

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a ch in e O p e r a t o r )

P r i m a r y du ty is t o ta k e d ic t a t io n u sin g sh o r th a n d , and t o t r a n s c r i b e th e d i c t a t io n . M a y a ls o
ty p e f r o m w r itte n c o p y .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
M ay o c c a s io n a ll y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m
v o ic e
r e c o r d in g s ( i f p r i m a r y du ty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d in g s , see T r a n s c r ib in g - M a c h i n e
O p e r a t o r , G e n e r a l).

O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s s u c h as th e t a b u la t o r , c a lc u la t o r , c o l la t o r , in t e r p r e t e r ,
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , e t c . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is d e fin it io n a r e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s . A ls o e x c lu d e d
a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e l e c t r o n i c d ig it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a t e E A M eq u ip m en t.

N O T E : T h is j o b i s d is t in g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a ll y w o r k s
in a c o n f id e n t ia l r e la t io n s h ip w ith o n ly on e m a n a g e r o r e x e c u t iv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b le and
d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s as d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y j o b d e fin itio n .

C la s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n t s in clu d in g d e v is in g d iffic u lt
c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f lon g and
c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir in g s o m e pla n n in g o f the n a tu re and
s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and th e u se o f a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s . Is t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e d in t ra in in g new
o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s o r t r a in in g lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and in
th e o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n ot in c lu d e p o s it io n s in w h ic h w ir in g
r e s p o n s i b il it y is li m it e d t o s e l e c t i o n and in s e r t io n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

S ten og ra p h er, G e n e ra l
D ic ta tio n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y .
o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e ly r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .

M ay m a in ta in

f i le s ,

k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s ,

S t e n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r
D ic t a t io n in v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l .o r s p e c i a l iz e d v o c a b u la r y such as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r
r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o s e t up and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n ce and r e s p o n s i b il it y
them s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W o r k r e q u i r e s a high d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic
s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a t h o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and o f
th e s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n iz a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k f lo w , e t c . U s e s th is
k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s a n d r e s p o n s i b le c l e r i c a l t a s k s su ch a s m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p
f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; co m p o s in g s im p le l e t t e r s f r o m
g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; r e a d in g and r o u t in g in c o m in g m a il; and a n sw e rin g ro u tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a t e le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o le u s e d w ith a p r iv a t e b r a n c h e x c h a n g e (P B X )
s y s t e m t o r e l a y in c o m in g , o u t g o in g , and i n t r a - s y s t e m c a l l s .
M a y p r o v id e in fo r m a t io n t o c a l l e r s ,
r e c o r d and t r a n s m it m e s s a g e s , k e e p r e c o r d o f c a ll s p la c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s o p e r a t in g a
t e le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a l s o t y p e o r p e r f o r m ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k (ty p in g o r ro u tin e
c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y th e m a j o r p o r t io n o f th e w o r k e r 's t im e , and is u su a lly p e r f o r m e d w h ile at
th e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) .
C h ie f o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
o p e r a t o r a r e e x c lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r w h o a ls o a c ts as a r e c e p t i o n is t , see S w it c h b o a r d O p e r a t o r R e c e p t io n is t .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T
At a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a c ts b oth as an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w itc h ­
b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n is t . R e c e p t io n is t 's w o r k in v o lv e s s u c h du ties as g r e e t in g v i s i t o r s ;
d e t e r m in in g n a tu re o f v i s i t o r 's b u s in e s s and p r o v id in g a p p r o p r ia t e in fo r m a t io n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r t o
a p p r o p r ia t e p e r s o n in th e o r g a n iz a t io n , o r c o n t a c t in g that p e r s o n b y te le p h o n e and a r r a n g in g an
a p p o in tm e n t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .

P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on the b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g t o e s t a b l is h e d p r o c e d u r e s and u n d e r s p e c i f ic in s t r u c t io n s .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e c o m p le t e but ro u tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f la r g e r and m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d iff ic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s su ch as th e
t a b u la t o r and c a lc u la t o r , in a d d ition t o th e s i m p l e r m a c h in e s u s e d b y c l a s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M ay be
r e q u i r e d t o d o s o m e w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s .
M ay t r a in n ew e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s .
C la s s G . U n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a ccou n tin g
m a c h in e s s u c h as th e s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly
in v o lv e p o r t io n s o f a w o r k u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o lla t in g ru n s, o r re p e t it iv e
o p e ra tio n s .
M a y p e r f o r m s im p le w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and d o s o m e filin g w o rk .
T R A N S C R IB IN G rM A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r i m a r y duty i s t o t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y and d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o r k e r s
t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y s u c h as le g a l b r ie f s o r
r e p o r t s on s c ie n t i f ic r e s e a r c h a r e n ot in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s d ic t a t io n in sh orth a n d o r b y
S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d as a s t e n o g r a p h e r .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r t o m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r t o m a k e out b il ls a ft e r ca lc u la t io n s
h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n .
M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m il a r m a t e r ia ls fo r
u s e in d u p lica tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c i a l t r a in in g , su c h as k e ep in g
s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g and d is t r ib u t in g in c o m in g m a il.
G la s s A .
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e fo l lo w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l in fin a l f o r m w hen it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s i b il it y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t io n ,
p u n ctu a tio n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r u n u su a l w o r d s o r f o r e ig n la n g u a g e m a t e r ia l; o r p lanning la y o u t and
ty p in g o f c o m p li c a t e d s t a t is t i c a l t a b le s t o m a in ta in u n ifo r m it y and b a la n c e in s p a c in g . M ay ty p e rou tin e
f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a ils t o su it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e fo l lo w i n g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m rou g h o r c l e a r d r a ft s ;
o r ro u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c ; o r se ttin g up s im p le sta n d a rd ta b u la t io n s ; o r
c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b le s a lr e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COM PU TER O PERATO R

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u ed

M o n it o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d ig it a l c o m p u t e r t o p r o c e s s da ta a c c o r d i n g t o
o p e r a t in g in s t r u c t io n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m m e r .
W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
S tu d ie s in s t r u c t io n s t o d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t se tu p and o p e r a t io n s ; lo a d s eq u ip m en t With r e q u ir e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y e q u ip m e n t in to c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and
o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s t m e n t s t o c o m p u t e r t o c o r r e c t o p e r a t in g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l
c o n d it i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u rin g o p e r a t io n and d e t e r m in e s ca u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m t o
fcT ipervisor o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in t a in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
p rogra m .

C la s s B .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n , a c o m p u t e r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b lis h e d p r o d u c t io n
r u n s , t y p i c a ll y run on a r e g u l a r ly r e c u r r in g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s li t t le o r n o t e s t in g o f n ew p r o g r a m s
r e q u i r e d ; a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r i g in a l p r o g r a m n e e d s m a jo r ch a n g e o r ca n n ot b e
c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly t im e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s it u a t io n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e
a c t io n .
T h is u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u sin g sta n d a rd
c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n iq u e s .
OR

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

com p u ter op e ra to rs

a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n , a c o m p u t e r run ning
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a re fr e q u e n t ly t e s t e d and
in t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e t o m in im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e p r o g r a m s
a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n s o th a t id e n t if ic a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u i r e s a w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f th e
t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ir e c t io n and g u id a n c e t o
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .




O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r se g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s
w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d ep en d en tly
p e r fo r m i n g l e s s d i ff ic u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i ff ic u l t t a s k s fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s
and w ith fr e q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d .
C l a s s C . W o r k s on r o u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n . Is e x p e c t e d t o d e v e lo p w o rk in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r eq u ip m e n t u s e d and a b ilit y t o d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o lv e d in run ning rou tin e
p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a in in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t io n . M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r le v e l
o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .

C o n v e r t s st a t e m e n t s o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a ll y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a ly s t, in to a
s e q u e n ce o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h a re r e q u i r e d t o s o lv e the p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t ic da ta p r o c e s s in g
e q u ip m e n t. W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c i s e in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h ,
w hen e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u la tio n o f da ta t o a c h ie v e
d e s ir e d r e s u lt s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l lo w i n g : A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b il it i e s ,
m a th e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b je c t m a tt e r in v o lv e d t o a n a ly z e c h a r t s
and d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m t o b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a ile d
flo w c h a r t s t o sh o w o r d e r in w h ic h da ta w il l b e p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s t o c o d e d in s t r u c t io n s
f o r m a ch in e t o f o l lo w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t io n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l
d u rin g p r o d u c t io n ru n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s t o in c r e a s e o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r
adapt t o n ew r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v i s io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s
p e r fo r m in g b o th s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g sh o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts i f t h is is
the s k ill u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r im a r i ly r e s p o n s i b le f o r the m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r
e le c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r im a r i ly c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c a n d /o r
e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

p rogra m m ers

a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo l lo w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u ir e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m in g c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k in g f r o m d ia g r a m s
and c h a r t s w h ic h id e n t ify th e n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g ste p s t o b e a c c o m p li s h e d ,
and th e r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s te p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o lv in g ro u tin e ; p la n s the fu ll ra n g e
o f p r o g r a m m in g a c t io n s n e e d e d t o e ff ic i e n t ly u t iliz e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d
en d p r o d u c t s .
At th is le v e l , p r o g r a m m in g i s d iff ic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n iz e d t o
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e da ta e le m e n t s . A w id e
v a r ie t y and e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t io n s m u st o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s s u c h a c t io n s as
d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ic h ca n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b lis h m e n t o f lin k a g e p o in t s b e tw e e n
o p e r a t io n s , a d ju s tm e n ts t o d a ta w hen p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and
su b sta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and r e s e q u e n c in g o f da ta e le m e n t s t o f o r m a h ig h ly in te g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e

fu n c t io n a l

d i r e c t io n t o

lo w e r le v e l

p rog ra m m ers

w h o a re

sy stem s

a n a ly s ts a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo l lo w s :

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s in v o lv in g
a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f in pu t d a ta and
m u lt i p l e -u s e r e q u ir e m e n t s o f output da ta . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e l o p s an in te g r a t e d p r o d u c t io n s c h e d u lin g ,
in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ic h e v e r y it e m o f e a c h t y p e is
a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th ro u g h th e fu ll s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia t e fo llo w u p a c t io n s a r e in it ia t e d
b y th e c o m p u t e r .) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e th e da ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and
a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p li c a t io n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f da ta p r o c e s s i n g
o p e r a t i o n s . M a k es r e c o m m e n d a t io n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s t e m s in s t a lla t io n s o r c h a n g e s
and f o r ob tain in g eq u ip m e n t.
M ay p r o v id e fu n c t io n a l d ir e c t io n t o lo w e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s w h o a r e a s s ig n e d t o

a s s is t.

C la s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e ly
u n c o m p lic a t e d t o a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m it e d c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e
s o u r c e s o f input data a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e outpu t da ta a r e c l o s e l y r e la t e d . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e l o p s
s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s it o r a c c o u n ts in a b a n k , m a in ta in in g a c c o u n t s r e c e iv a b l e in a r e t a il
e s t a b lis h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y a c c o u n ts in a m a n u fa c t u r in g o r w h o le s a l e e s t a b l is h m e n t .)
C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v is e s s u b j e c t m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f th e da ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s t o b e a p p lie d .
OR
W o r k s nn a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
W o r k s in d ep en d en tly on rou tin e a s s ig n m e n t s and r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t io n and g u id a n c e on c o m p le x
a s s ig n m e n t s . W o rk is r e v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p li a n c e w ith i n s t r u c t io n s , and t o in s u r e
p r o p e r a lig n m en t w ith th e o v e r a ll s y s t e m .
C la s s C . W o r k s u n d er im m e d ia t e s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y i n g out a n a ly s e s as a s s i g n e d , u s u a lly
o f a s in g le a ct iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n t s a re d e s ig n e d t o d e v e l o p and e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r ie n c e in th e
a p p lic a t io n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k il ls r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a
h ig h e r le v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly st b y p r e p a r in g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i f ic a t i o n s r e q u i r e d b y p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m
in fo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r le v e l a n a ly s t.

a s s ig n e d t o a s s i s t .

C l a s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on r e l a t i v e ly s im p le p r o g r a m s ,
o r on s im p le s e g m e n t s o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s . P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a t io n t o
p r o d u c e d a ta in tw o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s .
R e p o r t s and li s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e fin in g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s t o o r d e le t io n s f r o m in put d a ta w h ic h a r e
r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e p r o c e s s e d , th e da ta h a ve b e e n r e fin e d in p r i o r
a c t io n s s o that th e a c c u r a c y and s e q u e n c in g o f da ta ca n b e t e s t e d b y u sin g a fe w r o u tin e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a l ly , th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w it h ro u tin e r e c o r d - k e e p in g ty p e o p e r a t io n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t io n o f a h ig h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m i n g
l e s s d iffic u lt t a s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m i n g m o r e d iffic u lt t a s k s u n d e r f a ir ly c l o s e d i r e c t io n .
M a y g u id e o r in s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C l a s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t i c e s and c o n c e p t s u s u a lly le a r n e d
in f o r m a l t r a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in th e a p p lic a t io n o f
sta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s t o r o u tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on n e w a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n t s ;
and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d t o v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e w ith r e q u i r e d p r o c e d u r e s .
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SIN ESS
A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s t o fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c
data p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c i f ic a t i o n s n e e d e d t o e n a b le
p r o g r a m m e r s t o p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d ig it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
A n a ly z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s t o b e a u to m a te d and id e n t if ie s c o n d it io n s and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d t o
a c h ie v e s a t is f a c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s t o b e u s e d ;
o u tlin e s a c t io n s t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f fic ie n t d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t io n t o
m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g (t y p ic a lly t h is in v o l v e s p r e p a r a t io n o f w o r k and da ta flo w c h a r t s );
c o o r d in a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f n ew and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ;
and r e c o m m e n d s eq u ip m e n t c h a n g e s t o o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t iv e o v e r a l l o p e r a t io n s .
(N O T E :
W ork ers
p e r fo r m in g b o th s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts i f th is i s
the s k ill u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r
e le c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r
e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .




F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s ,

DRAFTER
C la s s A . P la n s th e g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t iv e d e s ig n fe a t u r e s
th a t d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m e s t a b lis h e d d r a ft in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n
o r i g in a t o r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e e f f e c t o f e a c h ch a n g e on th e
d e t a ils o f fo r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m p o n e n t s and p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a
m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is t a n c e . C o m p le t e d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g in a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y
w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t io n s . M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y
lo w e r le v e l d r a fte rs .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n on r o u tin e and c o m p le x d r a ft in g a s s ig n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p lic a t io n
o f m o s t o f the s t a n d a r d iz e d d ra w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r ly u s e d . D u tie s t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e s u c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b li e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u lt ip le fu n c t io n s , and p r e c i s e
p o s it i o n a l re la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a
b u ild in g in clu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f fo u n d a tio n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d
fo r m u la s and m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t io n s t o d e t e r m in e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r ia ls t o b e
u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t ie s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R e c e i v e s in it ia l i n s t r u c t io n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and
a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .
C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s in g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s .
T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t i o n s
(d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s t o c l a r i f y p o s it i o n in g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n .
C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s and a d ju s t s o r
t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on
s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s ig n m e n t s
recu r.
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T E R -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c l o t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g s
and t r a c i n g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D o e s n ot in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m it e d t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s is t i n g o f
s t r a ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e l in e a t i o n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d r a w in g s o f e a s il y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

W o rk is c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

W o r k s on
c o m b in a t io n o f th e
c o n s t r u c t i n g , and
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ility

v a r io u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c eq u ip m en t and r e la t e d d e v ic e s b y p e r fo r m i n g one o r a
fo l lo w i n g : I n s t a llin g , m a in ta in in g , r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , t r o u b le s h o o t in g , m o d ify in g ,
t e s t in g .
W o r k r e q u i r e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a tio n o f t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
t o d e t e r m in e m a lfu n c t io n s , and s k ill t o put eq u ip m en t in r e q u ir e d o p e r a t in g co n d it io n .

C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e t o s o lv e c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e ., th ose
that . t y p ic a lly ca n b e s o lv e d s o l e ly b y p r o p e r ly in te r p r e t in g m a n u fa c t u r e r s ' m a n u als o r s im ila r
d o c u m e n t s ) in w o rk in g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t. W o rk in v o l v e s : A fa m il ia r i t y with the in t e r r e la t io n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e te r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e le c t in g t o o ls and testin g
in s t r u m e n t s , u su a lly l e s s c o m p le x than t h o s e u s e d b y the c l a s s A t e c h n ic ia n .

T h e e q u ip m e n t— c o n s is t i n g o f e it h e r m a n y d iffe r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u it s o r m u lt ip le re p e t it io n o f
th e s a m e k in d o f c i r c u i t — in c lu d e s , but i s n ot lim it e d t o , th e fo llo w in g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m it t in g
and r e c e iv in g e q u ip m e n t ( e . g . , r a d a r , r a d i o , t e le v i s io n , t e le p h o n e , so n a r, n a v ig a t io n a l a id s ), (b)
d ig it a l and an alog c o m p u t e r s , and ( c ) in d u s t r ia l and m e d ic a l m e a s u r in g and c o n t r o ll in g e q u ip m e n t.

R e c e iv e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n , and
w o r k i s r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t ic e s and w o r k a s s ig n m e n ts . M ay p r o v id e
t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e t o lo w e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c l u d e s r e p a i r e r s o f su ch sta n d a rd e le c t r o n i c eq u ip m en t as c o m m o n o f f i c e
m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld r a d i o and t e le v i s io n s e t s ; p r o d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e
p r im a r y duty is s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n ic ia n s w ho h a ve a d m in is t r a t iv e o r
s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i b il it y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l e n g in e e r s .

C la s s C . A p p lie s w o rk in g t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e t o p e r f o r m s im p le o r rou tin e ta sk s in w ork in g
on e le c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t, fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W ork
t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e s s u c h t a s k s a s: A s s is t in g h ig h e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n s b y p e r fo r m in g su ch a c t iv it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , and ta kin g t e s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g s im p le e le c t r o n i c eq u ip m en t;
and u sin g t o o ls and c o m m o n t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ( e . g . , m u lt i m e t e r s , a u dio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s ,
o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) . Is not r e q u ir e d t o b e fa m il ia r w ith th e in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u it s . T h is k n o w le d g e ,
h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a s s ig n m e n t s d e s ig n e d t o in c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in clu d in g c l a s s r o o m
t r a in in g ) s o that w o r k e r ca n a d v a n c e t o h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n .

P o s it i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s

on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .

R e c e iv e s t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e , as r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r h ig h e r le v e l t e c h n ic ia n . W ork
is t y p ic a lly sp ot c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e t a ile d r e v ie w w hen n ew o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n ts a re in v o lv e d .

G la s s A .
A p p lie s a d v a n c e d t e c h n i c a l k n ow led g e t o s o lv e unu su ally c o m p le x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . ,
t h o s e that t y p ic a lly ca n n o t b e s o lv e d s o l e ly b y
r e f e r e n c e t o m a n u fa c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m il a r
d o c u m e n t s ) in w o rk in g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t.
E x a m p le s o f su c h p r o b le m s in c lu d e lo c a t io n and
d e n s ity o f c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o - m a g n e t i c r a d ia tio n , is o la t in g m a lfu n c t io n s , and fr e q u e n t e n g in e e r in g
ch a n g es.
W ork in v o lv e s :
A d e t a ile d u n d e rsta n d in g o f the in te r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g
in d e p e n d e n t ju d g m e n t in p e r fo r m i n g s u c h t a s k s as m a k in g c i r c u it a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la t in g w a v e f o r m s ,
t r a c i n g r e la t io n s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using c o m p le x t e s t in stru m e n ts' ( e . g . , du al t r a c e
o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .
W ork m ay be re v ie w e d by
c o m p li a n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .

s u p e r v is o r (fre q u e n tly an e n g in e e r o r d e s ig n e r )
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l g u id a n ce t o l o w e r le v e l

fo r g e n e r a l
t e c h n ic ia n s .

N U R SE , IN D U S T R IA L ( R e g i s t e r e d )
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d er g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t io n t o i l l o r in ju r e d
e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f fe r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m is e s vpf a fa c t o r y o r
o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u ties in v o lv e a co m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t aid t o the i l l o r
in ju r e d ; a tten din g t o s u b se q u e n t d r e s s in g o f e m p l o y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f p a tien ts tr e a te d ;
p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is t in g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and
h ea lth e v a lu a tio n s o f a p p lic a n ts and e m p l o y e e s ; and pla n n in g and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g health
e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f plant e n v ir o n m e n t , o r o th e r a c t iv i t ie s a ffe c tin g the h ealth,
w e lf a r e , and s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l. N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s o r h ea d n u r s e s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s em p lo y in g
m o r e than on e n u r s e a re e x c lu d e d .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
B O IL E R T E N D E R

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s t o fu r ir ish th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r ,
o r stea m .
F e e d s fu e ls t o f i r e b y hand o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o il b u r n e r ; and
c h e c k s w a t e r and s a fe t y v a l v e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s is t in r e p a irin g b o i l e r r o o m eq u ip m e n t.

A s s is t s on e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c i f ic o r
g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k il l, su c h as k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o l s ; cle a n in g
w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and e q u ip m e n t; a s s is t in g jo u r n e y m a n by h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r t o o ls ; and
p e r fo r m in g o t h e r u n s k ille d t a s k s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n . T h e k in d o f w o r k the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d
t o p e r f o r m v a r ie s f r o m t r a d e t o t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s the h e lp e r i s c o n fin e d to su p p ly in g , lift in g ,
and h old in g m a t e r ia ls and t o o l s , and cle a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he i s p e r m it t e d t o p e r fo r m
s p e c i a l iz e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a tr a d e that a re a ls o p e r f o r m e d by w o r k e r s on a
f u l l- t im e b a s is .

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t and m aintain in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t s u c h as b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t it io n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s ,
c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of the fo l lo w i n g : P la n n in g
and la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , and sta n d a rd m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd
sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k . In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ir e d t h ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t ra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s su ch as the in s t a lla t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r
r e p a ir o f eq u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r ib u t io n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l lo w i n g : I n s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l eq u ip m en t
su c h as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h ea tin g u n its,
co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o rk in g f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r
o t h e r s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o rk in g
sta n d a rd co m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir in g o r e le c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and u sin g a
v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls and m e a s u r in g and te s tin g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the
m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s and m a in t a in s and m a y a l s o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a t io n of s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and
eq u ip m e n t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t,
r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it i o n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s :
O p era tin g and m a in ta in in g eq u ip m e n t su c h as
s t e a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila tin g and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t,
s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g eq u ip m en t r e p a i r s ; and k eep in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n
o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l c o n s u m p t io n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e t h e se o p e r a t io n s .
H ea d o r
c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than one e n g in e e r a re e x clu d e d .




M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia li z e s in o p e r a t in g on e o r m o r e than one ty p e o f m a c h in e t o o l ( e . g . , jig b o r e r , g rin d in g
m a c h in e , e n g in e la th e , m illin g m a c h in e ) to m a ch in e m e t a l fo r u se in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j ig s ,
fi x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in sh a p in g o r fo r m in g m e ta l o r n o n m e t a llic
m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p l a s t ic , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ) . W o rk t y p ic a lly i n v o l v e s :
P la n n in g and p e r fo r m in g
d iff ic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n s w h ic h r e q u ir e c o m p li c a t e d se tu p s o r a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; settin g
up m a ch in e t o o l o r t o o ls ( e . g . , in s t a ll cu ttin g t o o ls and a d ju st g u id e s , s t o p s , w o rk in g t a b le s , and o th er
c o n t r o ls t o h andle th e s iz e o f s t o c k t o b e m a c h in e d ; d e t e r m in e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o lin g , and
o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t t h o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p r in t s , o r la y o u t s ); usin g a v a r ie t y o f
p r e c i s io n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g m a ch in in g o p e r a tio n t o a ch ie v e
r e q u is it e d im e n s io n s t o v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r co o la n ts and cutting
and lu b r ic a t in g o i l s , t.o r e c o g n iz e w hen t o o ls n e e d d r e s s i n g , and t o d r e s s t o o l s . In g e n e r a l, the w ork
o f a m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r , t o o l r o o m , at the s k il l le v e l c a ll e d f o r in t h is c l a s s i fic a t i o n r e q u ir e s
e x t e n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh c o n s id e r a b le
o n - t h e - jo b t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stud y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , e m p lo y e d in t o o l - a n d - d i e jo b b in g sh o p s .

d o e s not

in clu d e m a c h in e -t o o l

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s and new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g : in te r p r e t in g w ritten
in s t r u c t io n s and. s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; pla n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t 's h a n d tools
and p r e c i s io n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; settin g up and o p e r a t in g sta n d a rd m a c h in e t o o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l

p a rts t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a rd sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o li n g ,
fe e d s , and s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e le c t in g
sta n d a rd m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r t h is w o r k ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s intd
m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t.
In g e n e r a l, th e m a c h in is t ’ s w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tr a in in g in
m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P ain ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l ls , w o o d w o r k , and fi x t u r e s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s th e
fo l lo w i n g : K n ow led g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u li a r it i e s and t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ;
p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r pa in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g pu tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
in t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M a y m ix c o l o r s , o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o t h e r
p a in t in g r e d ie n ts t o ob ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e
p a in t e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed t ra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M a in te n a n ce )
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s
m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d i s a s s e m b lin g
eq u ip m en t and p e r fo r m i n g r e p a i r s that in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d to o ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l iz e d e q u ip m e n t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n op d e f e c t iv e p a r t s f r o m
s to c k ; g r in d in g and a d ju stin g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b li e s in th e v e h ic le
and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts ; and a lig n in g w h e e ls , a d ju stin g b r a k e s and lig h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y
b o lt s . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e a u to m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ir e d t h ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

T h is c l a s s i f ic a t i o n d o e s not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s w h o r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in a u to m o b ile
r e p a ir sh o p s .

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e
fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d ism a n tlin g
o r p a rtly d is m a n t lin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a in ly in v o lv e the u s e o f h a n d to o ls in
sc r a p in g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s w ith it e m s o b ta in e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g
the p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e s h o p o r sen d in g o f the m a ch in e t o a m a c h in e sh op
f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r in g w r it te n s p e c i fic a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f p a rts
o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b l in g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r
o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f a m a in te n a n ce m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e
u su a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m
th is c l a s s i f ic a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s in v o lv e settin g up Or a d ju stin g m a c h in e s .

M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a lls n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n t le s and in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h ea vy
eq u ip m en t w hen ch a n g e s in the pla n t la y ou t a r e r e q u ir e d .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
Plannin g and la y in g out o f th e w o r k ; in te r p r e t in g b lu e p r in ts o r o t h e r s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f
h a n d tools and r ig g in g ; m a k in g s t a n d a rd s h o p co m p u t a t io n s r e la tin g t o s t r e s s e s , s tr e n g th o f m a t e r ia ls ,
and c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e le c t in g sta n d a rd t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and
p a rts t o b e u s e d ; and in s t a llin g and m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t su c h as
d r iv e s and s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, th e m i l lw r ig h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e and p ip e fit t in g s in an e s t a b l is h ­
m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g : L a y in g out o f w o r k and m e a s u r in g t o lo c a t e p o s it io n o f
p ip e f r o m draw in gs o r o th e r w ritte n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e t o c o r r e c t le n g th s
w ith c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t t in g m a c h in e s ; th r e a d in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s and
d i e s ; ben din g p ip e b y h a n d -d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and
fa s te n in g pipe t o h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o p r e s s u r e s , fl o w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g sta n d a rd t e s t s t o d e t e r m in e w h e t h e r fi n is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c i f ic a t i o n s . In
g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce p ip e f it t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th rou g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r im a r i ly
e n g a g e d in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , in s t a l ls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t and fix t u r e s (s u c h
as m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s, s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t il a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f in g )
o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l lo w i n g : P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll t y p e s o f s h e e t m e t a l m a in ten a n ce w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t in g a ll
a v a ila b le ty p es o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls in c u t t in g , b e n d in g ,
f o r m in g , sh a pin g, fit t in g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d . In g e n e r a l,
th e w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ir e d th rou g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L AN D DIE M A K E R
C o n s tru cts and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in
sh a p in g o r fo r m in g m e t a l o r
n o n - m e t a ll ic m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p l a s t ic , p l a s t e r ,
r u b b e r , g la s s ) .
W ork
t y p i c a ll y in v o lv e s : P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g t o m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o t h e r
w r it te n o r o r a l s p e c i fic a t i o n s ; u n d e rsta n d in g th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a ls and a llo y s ;
s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia te m a t e r ia ls , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d t o c o m p le t e t a s k ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
s h o p co m p u ta tio n ; settin g up and o p e r a t in g v a r io u s m a c h in e t o o l s and r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; u sin g v a r io u s
t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; w o r k in g t o v e r y c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ;
h e a t -t r e a t in g m e t a l p a r t s and fin is h e d t o o l s and d ie s t o a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a lit ie s ; fittin g and
a s s e m b lin g p a r t s t o p r e s c r i b e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s . In g e n e r a l, t o o l
and d ie m a k e r 's w o r k
r e q u i r e s rou n ded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r eq u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w ag e stud y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot in c lu d e t o o l and d ie
m a k e r s w h o (1 ) a re e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g s h o p s o r (2 ) p r o d u c e fo r g in g d ie s (d ie s i n k e r s ).

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
G U AR D A N D W A T C H M E N

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G

G uard.
P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o l ic e d u tie s , e it h e r at fix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r ,
using, a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g u a r d s w ho a r e s ta tio n e d at g a te and c h e c k on
id en tity o f e m p l o y e e s and o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o s e
d u tie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo l lo w i n g : L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e
on o r f r o m fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls or m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y
h a n d tr u ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e w o r k e r s , w ho lo a d and u n loa d s h ip s a r e e x c l u d e d .

W a tch m a n .
and il le g a l e n t r y .

M a k es ro u n d s o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a l ly in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a in st f i r e , th e ft,

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n fa c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s
o f an o f f i c e , a p a rtm e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t . D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f
the fo llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , t r a s h , and o th e r
r e fu s e ; d u stin g e q u ip m e n t, fu r n it u r e , o r fi x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l fix t u r e s o r t r i m m in g s ; p r o v id in g
s u p p lie s and m in o r m a in te n a n ce s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s
w h o s p e c i a l iz e in w in d ow w a s h in g a re e x c lu d e d .




O R D E R F IL L E R
F il ls sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e
w ith s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s l ip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s t r u c t io n s .
M a y , in a d d itio n t o
fi ll in g o r d e r s and in d ic a tin g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is it io n
a d d itio n a l stock o r r e p o r t sh o r t su p p lie s t o s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r r e la t e d d u tie s .
P A C K E R , SHIPPIN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n t a in e r s ,
th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r fo r m e d b e in g d ep en d en t upon th e t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f u n its t o b e
p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p lo y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o r k r e q u i r e s th e p la c in g o f it e m s
in sh ip p in g c o n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f th e fo l lo w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s it e m s o f

s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia te ty p e and s iz e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g
e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r ia l t o p r e v e n t b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and
s e a lin g c o n t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g data on c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a ls o m a k e
w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

fo l lo w s :

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w ork ers

a re cla s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ippin g c l e r k
S h ippin g and r e c e iv in g c l e r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m e n t,
o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s su ch a s : M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n t s , fr e ig h t d e p o t s ,
w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s t a b l is h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s and c u s t o m e r s '
h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r u n load tr u c k w ith o r w ithout h e l p e r s , m a k e m in o r
m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o rk in g o r d e r .
S a le s - r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s
a r e e x c lu d e d .




as

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s li s t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV 2 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (IV 2 t o and in clu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r t y p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r than t r a i l e r t y p e )

S H IP P IN G AN D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s ib le f o r in c o m in g sh ip m e n ts
o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o t h e r m a t e r ia ls .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n ow led g e o f sh ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s ,
p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f th e g o o d s
s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , and k e ep in g a fi le o f sh ip p in g
r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g the m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ip m en t. R e c e iv in g w o rk i n v o l v e s :
V e r ify i n g o r d ir e c t in g o t h e r s in v e r i fy in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ip m e n ts a g a in st b il ls o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s ,
o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s and r e je c t in g d a m a g ed g o o d s ; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r
m a t e r ia ls t o p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a in ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i le s .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s iz e and ty p e o f eq u ip m e n t,
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e ra te d on th e b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)

TR U C K E R , POW ER

goods

O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o ll e d g a s o li n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r t o t r a n s p o r t
and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s about a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g p la n t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w age

study p u r p o s e s ,

w ork ers

a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k ,

as fo l lo w s :

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (f o r k l if t )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o t h e r than f o r k li f t )
W AREH OUSEM AN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s w h ic h r e q u ir e an u n d ersta n d in g o f
the e s t a b lis h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p la n . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g : V e r ify in g m a te r ia ls (o r
m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in st r e c e iv in g d o c u m e n t s , n otin g and r e p o r t in g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ;
ro u tin g m a t e r ia ls t o p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n s ; s t o r in g , s t a c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g m a t e r ia ls in
a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and ta k in g in v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls ;
e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls and r e p o r t in g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; re m o v in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s t o r a g e
and p r e p a r in g it f o r s h ip m e n t. M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r fo r m i n g w a r e h o u sin g d u tie s.
E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s in v o lv e sh ip p in g and r e c e iv in g w o r k (s e e sh ipp in g and
r e c e iv in g c l e r k and p a c k e r , sh ip p in g ), o r d e r fillin g (s e e o r d e r f i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t in g p o w e r t r u c k s (s e e
t r u c k e r , p o w e r ).

Available On Request—
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r io d ic a l ly fo r u se in a d m in is t e r in g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s sh ow n on the b a ck c o v e r .

A la s k a
A lb a n y , G a.
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M ex .
A le x a n d r ia , L a.
A lp e n a , S ta n d ish , and T a w a s C it y , M ic h .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v i ll e , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J.
A u g u sta , G a.—S .C .
B a k e r s fi e ld , C a lif.
B aton R o u g e , L a.
B a ttle C r e e k , M ic h .
B ea u m on t—P o r t A r t h u i^ O r a n g e , T e x .
B ilo x i— u lfp o r t and P a s c a g o u la , M i s s .
G
B o is e C it y , Idaho
B r e m e r t o n , W ash.
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and S t a m f o r d , C on n .
B r u n s w ic k , G a.
B u r lin g t o n , Vt.—N. Y.
C ape C od , M a ss.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iow a
C h a m p a ig n —U rbana— a n to u l, 111.
R
C h a r le s t o n , S .C .
C h a r lo t t e — a s t o n ia , N .C .
G
C h e y e n n e , W yo.
C l a r k s v il le —H o p k in s v ille , T e n n .— y .
K
C o l o r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C o lu m b u s , G a.— la .
A
C o lu m b u s , M i s s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
D e s M o in e s , Iow a
D othan, A la .
Duluth—S u p e r io r , M in n .—W is.
E l P a s o , T e x ., and A la m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s , N. M ex .
E u g en e—S p r in g fie ld , O r e g .
F a y e t t e v il le , N .C .
F it c h b u r g —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t S m ith , A r k .—O k la .
F o r t W a yn e, Ind.
F r e d e r i c k — a g e r s t o w n , M d .— h a m b e r s b u r g , P a .—
H
C
M a r t in s b u r g , W . V a .
G a d sd e n and A n n is t o n , A la .
G o ld s b o r o , N .C .
G ra n d Isla n d —H a s tin g s , N e b r .
G r e a t F a l ls , M on t.
G uam , T e r r it o r y o f
H a r r is b u r g —L e b a n o n , P a.
H untington—A s h la n d , W. V a .— y .— h io
K
O
K n o x v ille , T en n .
La C r o s s e , W is.
L aredo, Tex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev .
L a w ton , O k la .
L im a , O h io
L ittle R o c k — orth L it t le R o c k , A r k .
N

C o p ie s o f p u b lic r e l e a s e s a r e o r w il l b e a v a ila b le at n o c o s t

w h ile

s u p p lie s la s t

fr o m

L o g a n s p o rt—P e r u , Ind.
L o ra in —E ly r ia , O hio
L o w e r E a s te r n S h o r e , M d.—V a .—D e l.
L y n c h b u rg , Va.
M a c o n , G a.
M a d is o n , W is.
M a n s fie ld , O h io
M a rq u e tte , E s c a n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r i e , M ic h .
M c A lle n —P h a r i^ E d in b u r g and B r o w n s v ille —
H a rlin g en —
San B e n ito , T e x .
M e d fo r d — la m ath F a lls — ra n ts P a s s , O r e g .
K
G
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M on m ou th , and O cea n C o s ., N .J .
M o b ile and P e n s a c o la , A la .—F la .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la .
N a sh v ille —D a v id so n , T en n .
N ew B ern —J a c k s o n v ille , N .C .
N ew L ondon—N o r w ic h , C on n .—R .I .
N orth D a k ota , State o f
O r la n d o , F la .
O xn a rd —S im i V a lley —V en tu ra , C a lif.
P an a m a C it y , F la .
P a r k e r sb u rg —M a rie tta , W. V a .—O h io
P e o r i a , 111.
P h o e n ix , A r iz .
Fhne B lu ff, A r k .
P o c a t e llo —
Idaho F a l ls , Idaho
P o r t s m o u t h , N .H .—M a in e— a s s .
M
P u e b lo , C o lo .
P u e rto R ic o
R e n o , N ev.
R ich la n d — en n ew ick —W a lla W a lla —
K
P e n d le to n , W a sh .—O r e g .
R i v e r s i d e —San B e r n a r d in o — n t a r io , C a lif.
O
S a lin a , K a n s .
S a lin a s—S e a sid e —M o n t e r e y , C a lif.
S a n du sk y, O hio
Santa B a r b a r a —
Santa M a ria —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Savannah, G a ’
.
S e lm a , A la .
S h erm a n —D e n is o n , T e x .
S h r e v e p o r t , L a.
S iou x F a l ls , S. Dak.
S p ok a n e, W ash.
S p r in g fie ld , 111.
S p r in g fie ld — h ic o p e e — o ly o k e , M a s s .— o n n .
C
H
C
S to ck to n , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
T am p a —St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la .
T o p e k a , K a n s.
T u c s o n , A r iz .
T u ls a , O k la .
V a ll e jo — a i r fi e ld — apa, C a lif.
F
N
W a co and K ille e n —T e m p le , T e x .
W a t e r lo o — e d a r F a l l s , Iow a
C
W est T e x a s P la in s
W ilm in g to n , D e l.—N .J .—M d.

A n annual r e p o r t on s a la r i e s f o r a c c o u n ta n t s , a u d i t o r s , c h i e f a c c o u n t a n t s , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t e r s , and
c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s is a v a ila b le .
O r d e r a s B L S B u lle tin 1 83 7, N a tio n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m in i s t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1 9 7 4 , $ 1 .4 0 a c o p y , f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l s a le s
o f f i c e s sh ow n on the b a c k c o v e r , o r fr o m the S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a sh in gton , D .C . 2 04 02 .




Area Wage Surveys
A li s t o f the la t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle t in s o r b u lle tin su p p le m e n ts is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e stu d ie s in clu d in g m o r e lim it e d s tu d ie s co n d u cte d at the r e q u e s t o f the E m p lo y m e n t
S ta n d a rd s A d m in is t r a t io n o f the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on re q u e s t .
B u lle tin s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d fr o m any o f the BLS r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s sh ow n on the b a ck c o v e r .
B u lle tin su p p lem en ts m a y be
o b ta in e d w ith ou t c o s t , w h e r e in d ic a t e d , f r o m B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s .

A rea

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r ic e *

A k r o n , O h io , D e c . 1974 _______________________ ___________________ _________________________S upp l.
F ree
A lba n y —S ch e n e cta d y —T r o y , N .Y ., S ep t. 1 9 7 5 * __________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 3 , $1.20
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x ., M a r . 1974 2 ______________________________________________________ S u pp l.
F ree
A lle n to w n —B e th le h e m —E a s t o n , P a .—N .J ., M a y 1974 2 _________________________________ S upp l.
F ree
A n a h e im —Santa A n a -G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 974 1 ______ _________________________ 1 8 5 0 -9 , 85 ce n ts
A tla n ta , G a ., M ay 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 5 , $ 1 .0 0
A u s tin , T e x ., D e c . 1974 __________________________________________ ________________________ S u pp l.
F ree
B a lt i m o r e , M d ., A u g . 1 9 7 5 1 ______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 2 , $1.3 0
B e a u m o n t -P o r t A rth u r—O r a n ge, T e x ., M a y 1 974 2 ____________________________________ S upp l.
F ree
B i ll in g s , M o n t., J u ly 1 97 5 _______________________________ _________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 6 , 65 ce n ts
B in g h a m to n , N .Y .—P a . , J u ly 1975_________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 0 , 65 ce n ts
B ir m in g h a m , A la ., M a r . 1 9 7 5 ____________________________________________________________ S u pp l.
F ree
B o s to n , M a s s ., A ug. 1975 1________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 8 , $1.05
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O c t . 1 9 7 5 1__________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 9 , 95 ce n ts
F ree
C a n ton , O h io , M a y 197 5 ___________________________________________ _______________________ S upp l.
C h a r le s t o n , W . V a . , M a r . 1974 2 _______________________________________________________ S upp l.
F ree
C h a r lo t t e , N .C ., J a n . 1974 2 _______________________________________________________________ S u pp l.
F ree
C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n .-G a ., S ept. 1975 1______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 7 , 85 ce n ts
C h i c a g o , 111., M a y 1 975_____________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 3 , 85 ce n ts
C in c in n a t i, O h io— y .—In d ., F e b . 1975 ___________________________ _ ______________________ S upp l.
K
F ree
C le v e la n d , O h io , S ep t. 1975____ r________________________________ ____________ _____________ 1 8 5 0 -6 4 , $1.30
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O c t . 1974 ______________________________________________________________ S upp l.
F ree
C o r p u s C h r is t i , T e x ., J u ly 1975____ 1_____________________ _______________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 7 , 65 ce n ts
_
D a lla s —F o r t W o rth , T e x . , O c t . 1975 1 ___________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 9 , $1.50
D a v e n p o r t -R o c k Island—M o lin e , I o w a - I l l., F e b . 1975 _________________________________ S upp l.
F ree
D a y to n , O h io , D e c . 1975____ _______________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 3 , 45 ce n ts
D a y to n a B e a c h , F la ., A u g . 1975_______________________________ ___________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 7 , 65 c e n t s
D e n v e r—B o u ld e r , C o l o ., D e c . 1974 1 _______________________ ______________________________ 1 85 0- 15, 85 ce n ts
D e s M o in e s , Iow a, M a y 1974 2
__ ___________________ ____ _______________________________ S u pp l.
F ree
D e t r o it , M i c h ., M a r . 1 9 7 5 _________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 2 , 85 ce n ts
F o r t L a u d e r d a l e -H o l ly w o o d and W e s t P a lm B e a c h —
B o c a R a t o n , F l a . , A p r . 1975 1 __________________________________________ _______________ 1 8 5 0 -2 6 , 80 ce n ts
F r e s n o , C a li f ., June 1975 1_______________________ _____ _______ - __________ —_______________ 1 8 5 0 -6 1 , $1.20
G a i n e s v il le , F la ., S ep t. 1975____________ ________ _________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 7 , $1.1 0
G r e e n B a y , W i s ., J u ly 1975 1_________________________________________________ _______ _____ 1 8 5 0 -4 4 , 80 ce n ts
G r e e n s b o r o - W in s t o n - S a le m —H igh P o in t , N .C ., A u g . 1975____________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 9 , 65 c e n t s
G r e e n v il le , S .C ., June 1 97 5 _______________________ _______________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 2 , 65 ce n ts
H a r t f o r d , C o n n ., M a r . 1 975 1 ____________________________________ __ ______________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 8 , 80 ce n ts
H o u s to n , T e x . , A p r . 1 9 7 5 __________________________________________________________________ S u pp l.
F ree
H u n t s v ille , A l a ., F e b . 1975 ________________________________ _____ _____ _______ _____________S u pp l.
F ree
I n d ia n a p o lis , In d ., O c t . 1975 1 _____________________________ _______________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 6 , 95 ce n ts
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1975______________ _______________________________________ __________ S u pp l.
F ree
J a c k s o n v il le , F la ., D e c . 1974 ____________________________________________________________S u p p l.
F ree
K a n s a s C it y , M o .— a n s ., S e p t. 1975_____ _________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 5 , 80 c e n t s
K
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h ill, M a s s .—N .H ., J u n e 1974 2 _____________________ ...________________ S upp l.
F ree
L e x in g to n —F a y e t t e , K y ., N o v . 1974 __________________________________ ____________________ S u p p l.
F ree
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t . 1974 _________________ _______ ________ _________ S upp l.
F ree
L o u is v i ll e , K y .—In d ., N o v . 1974 1 ________________________ ____ I
_______________________ 1 85 0- 1 2 , 80 c e n ts
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1974 2 _________________________ _______________________ _______________S u p p l.
F ree
M e lb o u r n e —T itu s v ille —C o c o a , F h ., A u g . 1975_________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 4 , 65 c e n t s
M e m p h is , T en n .—Ark*—M i s s . , N o v . 1974 ________________________________ ______________ __ S upp l.
F ree
M ia m i, F l a . , O c t . 1974 __________ ____________________________________________________ _____ S upp l.
F ree
* Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
2 No longer surveyed.

3 To be surveyed.




A rea

B u lle tin nu m b er
and p r ic e *

F ree
M idlan d and O d e s s a , T e x ., J a n . 1974 2 _____________ ______________________________________Suppl.
M ilw a u k e e , W i s ., A p r . 1975 1 ______________________________ __________ ________________ —------- 1 8 5 0 -2 1 , 85 ce n ts
M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M inn.—W i s ., Jan 1975 1 _________________________________________ __ 1 8 5 0 -2 0 , $ 1.0 5
M u s k e g o n -M u s k e g o n H e ig h ts, M ic h ., June 1974 2 __ ____________________ ________________Suppl.
F ree
N a ssa u —S u ffo lk , N . Y . , June 1975 1__________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 9 , $1.00
N ew a rk , N .J ., J an . 1 9 7 5 1____________________________________________________________________ 1 850- 18, $1.00
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C it y , N .J .. J a n . 1974 2 _______________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N ew H a v en , C o n n ., J a n . 1974 2 ______________________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
N ew O r le a n s , L a ., J a n . 1975 ______________________________________ ______ ______________ ___ Suppl.
F ree
New Y o r k , N . Y .- N . J ., M a y 1975 1 __________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 5 , $1.10
N ew Y o r k and N a s s a u -S u ffo lk , N .Y ., A p r . 1 974 2 ________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a ch —P o r t s m o u t h , V a ,—N .C ., M a y 1975 _________ ___________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 9 , 65 cen ts
P
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a ch — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o rt N ew s—
H a m p ton , V a .— .C ., M a y 1 975____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 0 , 65 ce n ts
N
N o r th e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1975___ _____________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 2 , 65 ce n ts
O k la h o m a C ity , O k la ., A u g . 1975____ ________________________________ ___ _____ ;_____________ 1 8 5 0 -5 1 , 65 ce n ts
O m a h a , N ebr^—
Iow a, O c t . 1975____ _________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -5 6 , $1.10
P a t e r s o n — lifto n —P a s s a i c , N .J ., J une 1 9 7 5 * _____________________ ________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 8 , 80 cen ts
C
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N o v . 1975________ _________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 5 , 85 cen ts
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , June 1974 2 _________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
P it t s b u r g h , P a ., J a n . 1975 ____________________ ____________________ _ ______ ___________^_____ Suppl.
P o r t la n d , M a in e, N ov . 1975____ _____________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 2 , 45 cen ts
P o r t la n d , O r e g .—W a sh ., M a y 1 975_________ _______________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 0 , 75 ce n ts
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y ., June 1975 1__________________ __ ______________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 0 , 65 ce n ts
P o u g h k e e p s ie — in g s to n — ew b u rg h , N .Y ., J une 1975 1_________________ __________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 8 , 75 ce n ts
K
N
P r o v id e n c e — a rw ic k —P a w tu ck e t, R .I.—M a s s ., J une 1975 ______________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 7 , 75 cen ts
W
R a le ig h — u rh a m , N .C ., F e b . 1975 _________________________________________________________ Suppl.
D
F ree
R ic h m o n d , V a ., June 1975____ __________ _____________________________ ____ __________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 1 , 65 ce n ts
R o c k fo r d , 111., June 1 9 7 4 2 __________________________________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
St. L o u is , M o —111., M a r . 1975 ______________________________________________________________Suppl.
F ree
S a c r a m e n t o , C a li f., D e c . 1 9 7 4 1 __ _________________________________________________________ 1 85 0- 19, 80 ce n ts
S a gin a w , M i c h ., N o v . 1975___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 1 , 35 ce n ts
S a lt L a k e City—O g d en , U tah, N o v . 1 975 1 __ _______________________________ ________________ 1 8 5 0 -7 4 , 75 cen ts
San A n to n io , T e x ., M ay 1975 ________ _______________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 3 , 65 cen ts
San D ie g o , C a l i f . , N ov . 1974 1 _______________________________________ ______________________ 1 8 5 0 -1 3 , 80 cen ts
San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a li f., M a r . 1975 1__ ___________________ _______________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 5 , $1.00
O
San J o s e , C a li f ., M a r . 1975 1 _________________ _____ ____ ___ __ _____________ ________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 6 , 85 ce n ts
S avannah, G a ., M a y 1974 2 _________________ __ ___________________________________________ __ Suppl.
F ree
S ea ttle— v e r e t t , W a s h ., J an . 1975 ___________ ___ ____________ __ __ ________________________ Suppl.
E
F ree
South B en d , In d ., M a r . 1975 __________________ ______________________________________________ Suppl.
F ree
F ree
S p ok a n e, W a s h ., J u n e 1974 2 ____________ ___________________________________________________ Suppl.
S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J u ly 1975____ ____ _______________________________________ ___ _______________ 1 8 5 0 -4 3 , 65 cen ts
T o le d o , O h io— i c h . , M a y 1975 1 _____________________ _______________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 4 , 80 cen ts
M
T r e n to n , N .J ., S ep t. 1 9 7 5 1 ___________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -6 0 , $ 1.20
U t i c a -R o m e , N .Y ., Ju ly 1975 1 ____ ______ __________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -4 8 , 80 cen ts
W a sh in g to n , D . C ^ M d . - V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 5 1___________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 1 , $1.0 0
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1974 2 ____________________ ______________________ __ _______________ Suppl.
F ree
W e s t c h e s t e r C ou n ty , N .Y ., M a y 1975 1_____________________ ________________ _____ _________ 1 8 5 0 -5 3 , 80 ce n ts
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1 9 7 5 _____________ __________________________ ________ __________________ Suppl.
F ree
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 1975 1 ___ __________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -2 4 , 80 cen ts
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1 9 7 5 1 _______________________________________________________________________ 1 8 5 0 -3 2 , 80 ce n ts
Y o u n g s to w n — a r r e n , O h io , N o v . 1973 2 ______________ _ _____ _ ____________________ ___ __ Suppl.
W
_
F ree

THIRD CLASS MAIL
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
POSTAGE A N D FEES PAID

B U R E A U O F L A B O R STATISTICS
W A S H I N G T O N , D C. 20212

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

OF F I C I A L B U S I N E S S
P E N A L T Y F O R P R I V A T E U S E $300

L A B -4 4 1

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O FFICES
R e gion I

R e g io n II

1603 J F K F ed era l B u ild in g
G o v e rn m e n t C e n te r
B o s to n , Mass. 0 220 3
P h o n e :2 23-6 76 1 (A re a C o d e 61 7)

S u ite 34 0 0
1 51 5 B ro a d w a y
N e w Y o rk , N .Y . 1 0 0 3 6
P h o n e : 971 -5 4 0 5 (A re a C o d e 2 1 2 )

C o n n e c tic u t
M ain e
M assachusetts
N e w H a m p s h ire
R h o d e Island
V e rm o n t

N e w Jersey
N e w Y o rk
P u e rto R ic o
V ir g in Islands

R egion V
9 th F lo o r, 2 30 S. D e a rb o rn St.
C h icago , III. 606 04
P h o n e :3 5 3 -1 8 8 0 (A re a C o d e 3 1 2 )
I llin o is
In d ia n a
M ic h ig a n
M in n e s o ta
O h io
Wfor FRASER
Digitized iscon sin



R e g io n V I

R e g io n I II

R e g io n IV

P.O. B o x 1 330 9
P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa. 191 01
P h o n e : 5 9 6 11 5 4 (A re a C o d e 2 1 5 )
D e la w a re
D is tr ic t o f C o lu m b ia
M a ry la n d
P e n n s y lv a n ia
V irg in ia
W est V irg in ia

R e gion s V I I a n c V I I I

S e c o n d F lo o r
5 5 5 G r i f f in S quare B u ild in g
Dallas, T e x . 75 2 02
P h o n e :7 4 9 -3 5 1 6 (A re a C o d e 2 1 4 )

F ed era l O ff ic e B u ild in g
91 1 W a ln u t S t , 15 th F lo o r
Kansas C ity ,, M o. 6 4 1 0 6
P h o n e : 3 74- 2481 (A re a C o de 8 1 6 )

L o u is ia n a
Jew M e x ic o
O k la h o m a
T e xa s

V II
Io w a
Kansas
M is s o u ri
N e bra ska

V III
C o lo ra d o
M o n ta n a
N o rth D a k o ta
S o u th D a k o ta
U ta h
W y o m in g

S u ite 54 0
1371 Peachtree St. N .E.
A tla n ta , Ga. 30 309
P h o n e :5 2 6 -5 4 1 8 (A re a C ode 4 0 4 )
A la b a m a
F lo rid a
G eo rg ia
K e n tu c k y
M is sissippi
N o rth C a ro lin a
S o u th C a ro lin a
Tennessee
R e gion s IX a n d X
45 0 G o ld e n G ate Ave.
B ox 36017
San F ran c is c o , C a lif. 9 4 1 0 2
P h o n e :5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (A re a C o de 4 1 5 )
IX
A r iz o n a
C a lifo rn ia
H a w a ii
N evada

X
A laska
Id a h o
O reg on
W a s h in g to n


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102