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Dayton & Montgomery Co.
Public Library

JUNE 41971

AREA WAGE SURVEY
The Fort W o rth , T e x a s , Metropolitan A re a ,
O c to b e r 1 9 7 0

B ulletin 1 6 8 5 - 2 5
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR / Bureau of Labor Statistics

Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

New York, N .Y . 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
• Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
* * Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)




U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR




J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e F o rt W o rth , T e x a s , M etropolitan A re a ,
O c to b e r 1 9 7 0

B u lletin 1 6 8 5 - 2 5
March 1971
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 35 cents




C o n te n ts

P r e fa c e

Page
T h e B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f a n n u a l
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d t o p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ie ld s d etailed data by se le c te d in d u stry d iv isio n for each
of the a r e a s stu d ie d , fo r g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s , and fo r the
U n ited S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in t h e p r o g r a m i s
t h e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t i n t o (1 ) t h e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2) t h e s t r u c ­
t u r e and le v e l of w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n _____________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _____________________________
T ab les:
1.

2.

At t h e e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s the s u r v e y r e s u l t s . A fte r co m p le tio n of all
of the in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s f o r a ro u n d o f s u r v e y s , two
s u m m a ry b u lletin s a r e is su e d .
The f ir s t b rin g s d ata for
e a c h o f t h e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d i e d i n to o n e b u l l e t i n .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s i n fo r m a t i o n w hich h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d
f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o li t a n a r e a d a ta to r e l a t e to g e o ­
g r a p h i c r e g io n s and the U n ited S t a t e s .

A.

N in ety a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in the p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d
su p p le m e n tary w age p ro v isio n s bien n ially.

B.

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s of t h e s u r v e y in
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , in O c t o b e r 1 9 7 0 . T h e S t a n d a r d M e t r o ­
p o litan S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d efin ed by the B u r e a u of the
B u d g e t th ro u g h J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s i s t s of Jo h n s o n and
T a r r a n t C ou n ties.
T h is stud y w a s co n d u cted by the B u ­
r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in D a l l a s , T e x . , u n d e r t h e g e n e r a l
d ire c tio n of B o y d B . O 'N e a l, A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D ir e c to r
for O p eratio n s.




1
5

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e of s u r v e y an d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d -------------------------------------------------------------------------In d ex es of s ta n d a r d w eek ly s a l a r i e s and s tr a ig h t - t im e
h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s -----------------------------------

4

6

O ccu p atio n al e a r n in g s:
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n ---------------------------------m
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d
m
w o m e n __________________________________________________________
A - 3. O ffice , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s—
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d ___________________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s -------------------------A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ----------------

10
11
12

E sta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s:
B -l.
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w om en o ffice
w o r k e r s ________________________________________________________
B - 2 . S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ------------------------------------------------------------B - 3 . S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------B - 4 . P a i d h o l i d a y s ___________________________________________________
B - 5 . P a i d v a c a t i o n s _________________________________________________
B - 6 . H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ------------------------------

14
15
16
17
18
20

A p pen dix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ---------------------------------------------------

areas.

NOTE:
S im ila r tab u latio n s a r e
(See in sid e back c o v e r.)

av ailab le

for other

7
9

22




In tro d u c tio n
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t an d e a r n in g s d a ta a r e show n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in th e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d ata exclu d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d
late sh ifts.
N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s an d in c en tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d ed . W h e re w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to the
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) f o r w h ich e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of p a y
fo r o v e r tim e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w ee k ly e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a tio n s h a v e b e e n ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 90 in w h i c h th e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s o n a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h i s a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s of B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s t o r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
fac tu rin g ; tra n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and oth er pu b lic u tilitie s ;
w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
serv ices.
M a jo r in du stry gro u p s excluded fro m th ese stu d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s a n d th e c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h avin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y t e n d t o f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in t h e
o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu sio n .
S e p a r a te tab u latio n s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i ­
cation c r i t e r i a .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e t h e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r tim e . C o m p a r i s o n s of in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t im e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
The
a v e r a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s a n d
e m p lo y m e n t p a tt e r n s . F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r tio n s of w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d
by h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e f i r m s m a y ch an ge o r h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s and be r e p l a c e d b y new w o r k e r s a t lo w e r r a t e s .
S u c h s h i f t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e a n o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n t h o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r i n g
th e y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in t a b l e
2, a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s t h a n i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w it h in
the g r o u p s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
obtain o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n of
l a r g e t h a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g t h e d a t a ,
h o w ev er, a ll e s ta b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w eight. E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .
O c c u p atio n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s t u d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e of th e
fo llow in g t y p e s ;
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t of i n t e r e s t a b l is h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w it h in t h e s a m e j o b .
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w i n g
the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e
o f the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w it h in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r ( l ) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a . E a r n i n g s d a t a n ot s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y
f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d d a t a ,
w h e r e sh o w n . L i k e w i s e , d a t a a r e i n c l u d e d in t h e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r i v e r s i s n ot s h o w n
o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y i s n o t a v a i l a b l e .

The a v e r a g e s p re se n ted reflect co m p o site, areaw id e e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d j o b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to t h e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y o f t h e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d n o t b e
a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f t h e s e x e s w it h in
in d iv id u al e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
O th er p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y c o n ­
t r i b u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e ; D i f f e r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s i o n w i t h i n e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y the a c t u a l
r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s
p e r f o r m e d , a l t h o u g h t h e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w it h in
t h e s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g
e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d t h a n t h o s e
u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (o ffice occu ­
pations only); Syracuse; and U tica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
in 77 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour Division of the U. S. Department of Labor.




1

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t t h e t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in t h e s c o p e o f th e s t u d y a n d n o t th e n u m b e r
actu ally su rv ey ed .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e

2

a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s of o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e
th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f t h e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do n ot a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e
e a r n in g s data.
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v i s i o n s
I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s io n s a s they
r e l a t e to p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
D a t a f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s n ot
p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y a r e i n c l u d e d in t h e e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s . "
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t iv e , and p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c ­
tio n w o r k e r s who a r e u t il i z e d a s a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e w o rk in g f o r e m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s ( i n c l u d i n g l e a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c ­
tio n s.
" O ff i c e w o r k e r s " in clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r ­
v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l or r e la te d fu n ction s.
C afeteria
w o r k e r s a n d r o u t e m e n a r e e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , b u t
i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s (tab le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y t o th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p t i m u m
s a m p lin g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d , and the p r o b a b ilit y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e l y to h a v e f o r m a l e n t r a n c e r a t e s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e th e s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l t h a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , t h e t a b l e i s
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to p l a n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p l a n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , a n d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on t h e s p e c i f i e d s h i f t a t t h e t i m e of the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , th e a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f no a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d if f e r e n t ia l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly i f it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y of t h e s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to
a l l of the p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s of that e s t a b lis h m e n t .
S ch ed u led
w e e k ly h o u r s a r e th o s e w hich a m a j o r i t y of f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e
e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a i d f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r
overtim e ra te s.
P a i d h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; and h ealth , in s u r a n c e , and
p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 6 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on
the b a s i s t h a t t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a l l p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f
2

An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con­
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it ( l ) h a d operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.




a m a jo r ity of su ch w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y ev en tu ally q u alify fo r
t h e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d . S u m s o f i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h
B - 6 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e of ro u n ding .
D a t a on p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , ( l ) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid a y s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n t h o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a n d th e w o r k e r i s n ot g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y off.
The first
p a r t of the p a id h o lid a y s t a b le p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r of w hole and T ia lf
h o lid a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w hole and h a lf
h o lid a y s to show t o ta l h o lid a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 5 ) i s l i m i t e d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e of v a c a tio n p r o v i s io n s .
It i s n o t i n t e n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
fit s . P r o v i s i o n s of an e s ta b lis h m e n t fo r a l l le n gth s of s e r v i c e w e re
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to a l l p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f t h e e s t a b l i s h ­
m en t, r e g a r d l e s s of length of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o t h e r t h a n a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s the e q u i v ­
ale n t of 1 w e e k 's pay.
O nly b a s i c p l a n s a r e in c lu d e d .
E stim ates
e x c lu d e v a c a t i o n b o n u s an d v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s an d t h o s e w hich
o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s w ith
q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . S u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in t h e s t e e l ,
a lu m in u m , and c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
D a t a on h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h t h e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e
c o s t. Such p la n s in clu d e th o s e u n d e rw r itte n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in su r a n c e
c o m p a n y a n d t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n i o n fun d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a fu n d s e t a s i d e
f o r t h i s p u r p o s e . A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p l a n i f
th e m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r th e p l a n ,
e v e n i f l e s s t h a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d to p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m p l o y e e s
w e r e r e q u i r e d to c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t o f t h e p l a n .
L egally
re q u ire d p la n s, su ch a s w o rk m e n 's co m p e n satio n , s o c ia l se c u rity ,
and r a i l r o a d r e t ir e m e n t w e r e ex clu d ed .
S i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e i s lim it e d to that typ e of
i n s u r a n c e u n d e r w hich p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to th e i n s u r e d d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
In form ation is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p l a n s to w h i c h t h e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s . H o w ­
e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l it y i n s u r a n c e l a w s w hich r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s ,
p lan s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y i f th e e m p l o y e r ( l ) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e th a n i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s t h e e m p l o y e e w ith b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the l a w .
T a b u la tio n s of p aid s ic k le a v e p la n s a r e
3

contributions.

The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer

3

l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f the
w o r k e r 's p a y du ring a b s e n c e f r o m w o rk b e c a u s e of i l l n e s s . S e p a r a t e
ta b u la t io n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d in g to (l) p la n s w hich p r o v id e fu ll p a y
a n d no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a n d (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n to t h e p r e s e n t a t i o n of t h e p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a te d t o ta l i s show n of w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e
e i t h e r o r b o th t y p e s of b e n e f i t s .
4
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excludes!




M a jo r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e in c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s w hich a r e d e ­
s i g n e d t o p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s a n d i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d th e c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , a n d
s u r g i c a l p l a n s . M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m ­
plete or p a r t ia l paym en t of d o c to rs' fe e s .
D ental in su ra n c e u su a lly
c o v e r s fillin g s , e x t r a c t io n s , and X - r a y s .
E x c l u d e d a r e p l a n s w hich
c o v e r only o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e .
P la n s m ay be u n der­
w ritte n by c o m m e r c i a l in su r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p ro fit o r g a n iz a tio n s
o r t h e y m a y b e p a i d f o r b y th e e m p l o y e r ou t o f a fun d s e t a s i d e f o r
T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to
the t h i s p u r p o s e .
t h o s e p l a n s t h a t p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r t h e r e m a i n d e r o f the

4

T a b le 1.
E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o rk e rs w ith in sc o p e o f s u rv e y an d n u m b e r stu d ied in Fort W o rth , T e x.,
by m a jo r in dustry division,2 O c to b e r 1 9 7 0
N u m ber of establishm ents

Industry d iv ision

M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f study

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W i t h in s c o p e o f st u d y

W i t h in s c o p e
of study3

S t ud ie d
T otal4

S t u d i ed

Plant
Number

O ffice

Percent

T otal4

A l l d i v i s i o n s ----------------------------------------------------------

.

562

140

131,433

100

86,316

20,977

8 3 , 068

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------- --------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5___________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ___________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _________________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e _________
S e r v i c e s ................................. ................................................

50
-

234
328

55
85

74,991
56,442

57
43

50,980
35,336

9 ,5 2 6
11,451

52,329
30,739

50
50
50
50
50

39
59
131
45
54

15
13
26
13
18

12, 163
5 ,1 1 0
25,978
6 ,9 2 0
6 ,2 6 6

9
4
20
5
5

7,267

2 ,1 0 3

9 , 170
1,3 7 0
14,132
3, 177
2,890

0

(6)
( 7)
(6 )

C)

( >
(6)
( 6)

1 T h e F o r t W o r t h S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f J o h n s o n a n d T a r r a n t C o u n t i e s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in
s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f the s i z e an d c o m p o s i t i o n o f t h e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in t h e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n ot in t e n d e d ,
h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w i t h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p l a n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s t h e u s e o f
e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d i t i o n o f t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t l e t s ( w i th in t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a ut o r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
and m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p l a n t a nd o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d to " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in t h e A - a n d B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
T a x i c a b s an d s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , an d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S eparate presen tation
o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n is n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p l o y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) t h e s a m p l e w a s
n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f , in d i v i d u a l
e s t a b lis h m e n t data.
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t i r e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n l y in
e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n is n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f t h e r e a s o n s g i v e n in f o o t n o t e 6 a b o v e .
8 H otels and m o t e ls ; la u n d rie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a i r , re n ta l, and pa rk in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p rofit m e m b e r s h i p org a n iz a tio n s (ex cluding
r e l i g i o u s a nd c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; an d e n g i n e e r i n g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




O v e r t h r e e - f i f t h s o f the w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in t h e F o r t W o r t h a r e a
w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o l l o w i n g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s
a nd s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r i n g :
Industry groups
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ______ 58
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s _____
8
M a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l __ 6

S p e c if ic in du stries
A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s ------------------------ 49
M o t o r v e h i c l e s and
e q u i p m e n t ------------------------------------ 6

T h is in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f total e m p l o y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

W a g e T r e n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in t a b le 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s of s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s . Th e i n d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a g iv e n t im e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r in g the b a s e p e r io d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m t h e i n d e x y i e l d s
the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r io d to the d a te o f
the in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e tw e e n the in d i c a t e d d a t e s .
Annual r a te s of in c r e a s e , w here
s h o w n , r e f l e c t t h e a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n t h s w h e n t h e t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r t h a n 12 m o n t h s . T h e s e c o m p u t a t i o n s
w e r e b a s e d on t h e a s s u m p t i o n t h a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e d a t a c o n s t a n t r a t e
b etw een s u r v e y s .
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s of c h a n g e in a v e r ­
a g e s f o r the a r e a ; th ey a r e not in te n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

sh o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
T h e in d e x i s the p r o d u c t of m u ltip ly in g
t h e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (1 0 0 ) b y t h e r e l a t i v e f o r t h e n e x t s u c c e e d i n g
y e a r a n d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e
p r e v io u s y e a r ' s in d ex.
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r t h e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu siv e of e a rn in g s fo r o v e rtim e .
F o r plan t w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s , exclu din g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d
late s h ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f t h e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w it h in
each group.
L im itatio n s

of D ata

M ethod of C o m p u tin g
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y an d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2 ) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e i n th e s a m e j o b , an d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s i n t h e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s i n t h e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s i n the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith ou t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n t h o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w er-payin g- e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e ir w o r k f o r c e s .
Sim ilarly , w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t t h e a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r-p ay in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h of the fo llo w in g k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w ith in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a c o n s t a n t w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p :
O ffice clerica l (m en and women):
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file , classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptom eter operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (o ffice boys or
girls)

The
p lie d by the
in t h e g r o u p
w ere related
g a te fo r the




O ffice clerica l (m en and wom en)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Continued
Carpenters
Electricians
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Machinists
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (autom otive)
A and B
Painters
Tabulating-m achine operators,
Pipefitters
class B
T ool and die makers
Typists, classes A and B
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
Industrial nurses (m en and
cleaners
women):
Laborers, material handling
Nurses, industrial (registered)

T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s i n th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d i n e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d i n th e d a t a .
Th e p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e r e f l e c t only c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e n ot i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s su ch , o r by p r e m iu m p a y
for o v e rtim e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e any s ig n if ic a n t e f fe c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

a v e r a g e (m ean) e a r n in g s fo r e ac h o ccu p atio n w e re m u lti­
o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , an d t h e p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s
w e re totaled .
The a g g r e g a te s fo r 2 c o n secu tiv e y e a r s
b y d iv id in g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e ­
e a rlie r y ear.
T h e r e s u l t a n t r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t ,

5

6

T a b le 2 .

In d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la rie s an d s tra ig h t-tim e

h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in

F o rt W o r th , T ex., O c to b e r 1 9 7 0 an d O c to b e r 1 9 6 9 , and percents o f c h a n g e 1 fo r selected periods
A ll in dustries
O ffice
clerical
( m e n an d
women)

P eriod

Industrial
nurses
( m e n an d
women)

M anufacturing

S killed
m ain ten an ce
trades
(m e n )

Un skilled
pl a n t
w orkers
(m e n )

O ffice
clerical
( m e n and
women)

Industrial
nurses
( m e n and
women)

Skilled
m a intenance
trades
(m e n )

Un skilled
plant
w orkers
(m e n )

124.8
1 16 .3

120 .0
113.7

121.1
116.1

159 .7
128 .0

155 .0
129.2

152.1
1 25 .6

Indexes (N o v e m b e r 1967*100)
O c t o b e r 1970
_ ____________________________________
O c t o b e r 1 9 6 9 - — _______________________________________

120 .2
1 13 .8

120 .0
113 .7

12 5 .9
117.1

116 .5
1 14 . 8

(2 )
(2 )

I n d e x e s ( N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 0= 1 00 )
O c t o b e r 1 9 7 0 --------- ------------------------ — -------------------N o v e m b e r 1967 --------------------------------------------------

158 .6
132 .0

157 .2
131.1

15 9 .9
1 27 . 0

160 .6
13 7 .9

(2 )
(2 )

P ercen ts of change 1
O c t o b e r 19 6 9 to O c t o b e r 197 0 _____________________
N o v e m b e r 19 6 8 t o O c t o b e r 1 969 :
1 1 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e - - . _____ — — -----------------A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e _______ ____________ ___

5.6

7.5

5.5

1.5

(2)

7.3

5.5

4 .3

6 .0
6 .6

10.4
11 .4

8.6
9 .4

5.1
5.6

(2)
(2)

11.0
12.1

8.9
9.7

6.5
7.1

Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber

7 .4
6.1
4 .7
2 .4
4 .3
4.1
3.0
3.6
4 .3

6.1
5.6
5.5
4 .0
2.7
2.3
4 .9
3—.5
.5

4.7
5.6
3 .6
4 .0
5.0
3.5
2.5
3.4
3.8

9.2
7 .8
7.0
6 .4
3.4
3.7
1.1
3.6
0

(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
( 2)
(2)
3.2
3.8
6.5

4 .8
5.5
6.7
3.4
3.1
2 .3
4 .8
3—.5
1.0

4 .4
4 .9
3.7
3.9
4.6
3.2
2.1
3.6
3.4

9.0
5 .8
5.0
6 .8
3- . l
2 .9
3- 1 . 0
4 .0
3.9




1
2
3

196 7
196 6
1965
1964
196 3
1962
1961
I960
19 5 9

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
November
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber

1 9 6 8 ------ -------- —
1 9 6 7 ________________
1966 -------------------1 9 6 5 _______ _ _ __
196 4 _
_ ______
1 9 6 3 -----------------------1962 --------------------1 9 6 1 ----------- — ------I 9 6 0 ________________

U n less o th e r w is e in dicated , all a r e in c r e a s e s .
D at a d o n o t m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .
T his declin e la rg e ly r e fle c ts em ploym en t changes

w it h i n

a nd

between

high-

a nd

low -w age

establish m en ts

rather

NOTE:
P r e v i o u s l y p u b lish e d in d e x e s f o r the F o r t W orth a r e a u s e d N o v e m b e r I960 as the b a s e
period .
T h e y ca n b e c o n v e r t e d to the n e w b a s e p e r io d by d ivid in g th e m b y the c o r r e s p o n d i n g in d e x
n u m b e r s f o r N o v e m b e r 1967 o n t h e N o v e m b e r I 9 6 0 b a s e p e r i o d a s s h o w n in t h e t a b l e .
(The result
s h o u l d b e m u l t i p l i e d b y 100 .)

t ha n

wage d e c re a s e s .

7

A.

O c c u p a tio n a l earnings

T a b l e A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n ,
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

A verage
w eek ly

60
M ean2

M edian 2

T e x .,

O c t o b e r 1 97 0)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f ----$

$
Number
of
workers

F o r t W orth ,

M iddle ran g e2

(standard)

$

t

65

70

S

75

i

80

i

85

$

t

90

95

S

S

ICO

105

$

t

110

115

$

t

120

130

$
140

$
1 50

t

160

$

t

s

17C

180

1 90

and
under
65

200
and

70

75

60

85

90

95

100

1C 5

11C

11 5

12 0

130

140

150

160

6
-

6

-

1
~

1
1

26
16
10
1C

27

-

27
24

6
4
4
3

-

-

-

over

170

18C

190

4
4

2
2

“

12
6
4
4

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

200

MEN
$

$

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------

96
34
62
46

4 0 .0
40.0
4 0 .0
40.0

1 41 .50
1 51 .00
1 3 6 .00
1 43 .50

145 .00
1 54 .00
144 .50
1 46.50

$
$
1 32 .00 -1 52 .50
1 3 2 .5 0 -1 7 3 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 4 8 .5 0
1 3 7 . 5 0 - 1 4 9 . CO

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
NONMANUFACTURING ----------

41
39

40.0
40.0

117 .00
1 17 .00

1 16 .50
1 16 .50

1 1 1 . 5 0 - 1 3 2 . CO
1 1 1 .5 0 -1 3 2 .5 0

CLERKS, ORDER ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

70
56

4 0 .0
40.0

120 .00
118.00

121.00
122.50

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
9 7 .0 0-12 9.0 0

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYSl ----NONMANUFACTURING ----------

46
27

4 0 .0
4 0.0

8 5.0 0
88.0 0

84.5 0
8 9 .0 0

8 0 .5 0 8 2 .0 0 -

9 2 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

-

-

6
2

5
2

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ---------------------

67

40.0

88.5 0

9 2 .5 0

9 0 .0 0 -

95.0 0

5

4

1

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

76
61

40.0
4 0.0

8 7.0 0
8 6 .5 0

84.5 0
8 3 .5 0

8 0.5 08 0 .0 0 -

9 5 . CO
9 9 .0 0

1
1

1
1

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------

363
186
177
58

40.0
40.0
3 9 .5
40.0

1 2 6 .00
1 34 .50
1 17.00
1 34 .50

1 24 .00
138 .00
118 .50
1 36 .00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

716
260
456

39.5
40.0
3 9 .5

9 4 .0 0
99.5 0
9 1 .0 0

91.5 0
9 7 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

8 3 .0 0-1C 5 .00
8 6 .0 0 -1 1 3 .5 0
8 2 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

17

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

57
47

3 9.0
3 9.0

7 6 .5 0
74.5 0

75.0 0
73.5 0

6 6 .5 0 6 6 .0 0 -

8 4.0 0
8 1.50

12
10

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C -------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

1 93
171

39.5
3 9 .5

7 2 .5 0
72.5 0

7 1 .5 0
71.5 0

6 6 .5 0 6 6 .0 0 -

7 5.50
7 5.50

39
38

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

156
140

40.0
40.0

8 8 .5 0
90.0 0

90.0 0
9 1 .0 0

8 0.0 06 1 .0 0 -

5 6 . CC
5 6 . 5C

3
3

11

CLERKS, PAYROLL -------------MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

171
91
80

39.5
4 0 .0
3 9.5

1 02 .00
1 0 2 .00
101 .50

1 0 0 .50

8 6 . 5 0 - 113 . '
9 C .5C -U C .-. .
8 3 . 5 0 - : .8 .0 0

_

1 0 3 . CO

-

2
2

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -------MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

158
93
65

4 0 .C
4 0.0
3 9 .5

9 3 . CC
9 9 .0 0
8 4 . 5C

9C.G0
9 A. 00
8 3 .5 0

6 3 .5 0-1C 1 .50
8 9 .0 0 -1 1 0 .5 0
8 0 .5 0 - 8 8.5 0

-

1
1

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

_

-

6

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
3

3
*

1
1

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

14
13

3
3

6
5

12
12

-

-

6
6

6
6

6
6

-

-

7
6

10
3

19
19

3
3

3
-

6
3

4
4

-

-

-

-

14
7

6
4

9
7

3
3

2
1

-

-

-

1
1

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

_

4

2

-

36

-

12

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
4

9
9

24
24

4
1

13
4

3
3

15
14

30
11
19

23
17
6
-

31
16
15
"

18
2
16
“

15
12

48
20
28
20

37
10
27
20

23
7
16
8

64
55
9
8

4
4

12
12

11
11

-

_

-

35
9
26
2

76
34
AA

42
14
28

22
16
6

58
10
48

27
26
1

23
20
3

3
3
“

1
i
*

“

“

-

_

-

-

3
3

-

_

_

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

WOMEN

9 7 .c n

1 0 4 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0 -1 5 3 .5 0
1 0 2 . 5 0 - 1 3 4 . CO
1 2 5 .0 0 -1 4 3 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A —
NONMANUFACTURING ----------

363
137

4C.C
4 0.0

1 2 7 . 5C
112 .50

136 .50
115 .50

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 4 7 .0 0
9 8 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

37 4
97
277

40.0
40.0
39.5

9 3 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

9 3.00
3 7.0 0
9 5 . 5C

8 1.5 0-1C 4 .50
8 1 .0 0 -1 C 3 .0 0
8 1.5 0-1C 5 .C 0

S ee fo o tn o te s

at en d o f t a b l e s .




_

_

3

2

-

-

A
-

3

-

-

-

3
*

4
*

3
-

2

23

39
A
35

47
33
14

91
23
68

122
35
87

75
32
43

48
9
39

9
9

8
7

7
7

9
9

3

-

6
-

-

-

3
3

16
16

10
6

20
19

1
1

1
1

i
*

“

-

“

~

“

~

~

~

“

“

lb
15

20
17

19
16

35
35

25
25

5
5

1
1

2
1

-

3
3

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

”

3
3

19
8
11

5
2
3

16
10
6

3
1
2

24
20
A

14
12
2

32
13
19

6
2
4

11
9
2

13
3
10

14
1
13

1
1

1

3
3
~

2
2

5
5

~

*
“

-

1

6
6

8

35
9
26

31
19
12

24
24

8

18
16
2

3

9
9
“

6
6
“

5
4
1

3
3
“

1
1
~

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

20

-

-

~

14

13
4
9

-

17

23

-

-

-

34

29

6

71
61

8

2

8

2
1

3

-

-

*

*

“

-

-

-

*
-

-

“

-

*

-

~

~
-

“

13
12

7
1

23
14

18

*

7

23
10

2C
12

10
9

19
18

24
24

27
13

169
10

47
9
38

52
24
28

40
17
23

28
4
24

28
1
27

62
15
47

32
3
29

14
14

12
3

22

3

S
14

2

1
1

9

i

A
4

2
~

i
~

~

-

-

-

-

~

8

T a b le

A -1 .

O ffic e

o c c u p a tio n s — m en

a n d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n ,
W eek ly earnings 1
( standard)

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

A v era g e

$

60
M e d ia n 2

M id d le range 2

(standard)

O c t o b e r 1 97 0)

$

$

1

*

*

*

t

i

»

$

$

s

s

$

$

i

t

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

15C

160

170

180

190

200

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

1C 5

11C

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

19C

200

over

11
1
10

11
6
5

12
6
6

7
7
“

*

-

-

*

3
1
2

29
29
“

-

-

-

-

-

13
13
-

26
6
20
*

38
1
37

66
37
29
5

58
17
41
11

107
22
85
10

81
24
57
1

39
14
25
4

86
29
57
7

154
40
114
23

88
28
60
24

156
107
49
14

210
188
22
10

31
20
11
5

27
22
5
1

9
7
2
2

14
11
3
-

1
1
-

-

-

7
7
-

9
4
5

14
10
4

-

-

4

-

2
2

3
3

_

10

17
3
8

_

-

3
1
2

4

-

1
1

10

-

2
1
1

a nd
un^ e r
65

WOMEN -

T e x .,

N um ber of w o rk e r s rec eiv in g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
<

M ean 2

F o r t W orth ,

and

CONTINUED

MESSENGERS ( O F F I C E G I R L S ) -------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

76
51
25

4 0.0
40.0
4 0.0

9 9.0 0
1 09 .00
7 9.0 0

87.0 0
1 25.50
76.0 0

7 8 .0 0 -1 2 6 .5 0
8 5 .0 0 -1 2 8 .0 0
7 2 .0 0 - 8 2 .0 0

SECRETARI ES ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLI C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------

1 ,2 0 A
574
630
11 7

39.5
40.0
39.5
4 0.0

1 27 .50
139 .50
116 .50
128 .00

1 26 .00
1 47 .50
1 15 .50
1 29 .50

1 0 4 .5 0 -1 4 9 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0 -1 5 7 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0 -1 4 2 .5 0

S ECRET ARI ES, CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

67
26
41

3 9.5
40.0
39.5

1 38 .50
128 .50
1 45 .00

1 38 .50
1 27 .50
1 46.00

1 2 1 .5 0 -1 5 4 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0 -1 3 7 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 5 9 .5 0

SECRET ARI ES , CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLI C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------

316
136
180
39

39.5
4 0.0
3 9 .C
4 0 .C

1 26 .50
1 30.50
1 23 .50
1 30 .50

124.50
1 20 .00
1 26 .50
1 32 .50

SECRET ARI ES , CLASS C --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

380
138

4 0.0
3 9.5

1 36 .00
1 19 .50

S ECRET ARI ES, CLASS D --------------------------MA NUFACTURI NG----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLI C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------

440
170
270
49

39.5
4 0 .0
39.5
4 0 .C

STENOGRAPHERS, g e n e r a l --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLI C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

676
309
77

STENOGRAPHERS, SENI OR -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

257
74

1
1

1
1

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1 0 6 .5 0 -1 3 9 .5 0
1 0 3 . 5 0 - 1 6 8 . CC
1 1 2 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0
1 1 5 . 0 0 - 1 4 7 . CO

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 44 .00
1 19 .00

1 1 4 .5 0 -1 5 7 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0 -1 3 9 .0 0

_

-

1 1 9 . CO
140 .00
106 .00
1 1 5 .00

116 .00
1 4 7 .00
104 .00
120.00

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 4 5 .5 0
1 3 7 .5 0 -1 5 3 .0 0
9 5 . 5 0 - 1 1 7 . CC
9 8.5 0-12 8.5 0

40.0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 7 .50
9 6 .0 0
1 0 6 .00

122.00
94.0 0
106.00

9 3 .5 0-14 1.5 0
8 8 .5 0 -1 C 0 .0 0
9 3 . 5 0 - 1 1 9 . CO

4 0 .0
3 9.5

1 3 7 .00
1 15.50

1 31 .00
113 .50

1 1 7 .0 0 -1 5 3 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0 -1 2 4 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0 -1 5 1 .0 0

-

-

“

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

~
-

_

6
6

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

1
1

*

20
15
5
*

19
Q
10

26
14
12
8

26
16
1C
1

16
7
9
1

19
6
13
1

80
20
60
6

28
28
8

27
5
22
8

9
4
5
5

9
8
1
1

15
15
-

4
4
-

11
11
-

1
1
-

5
3

14
14

14
4

8
2

27
21

13
9

12
6

19
9

32
22

18
13

41
16

148
9

15
6

8
1

3

_

-

19
3
16
“

20
1
19
-

32
12
20
5

31
2
29
11

52
1
51
-

41
4
37
-

8

41
6
35
6

33
6
27
15

27
13
14
9

78
77
1
~

42
42
-

3
3
-

4
4
-

-

-

31
31
2

61
53
11

99
77
9

66
66
11

24
15
4

18
18
12

12

11
11
6

32
16
11

70
6
6

245

5

6
6

_

7
1

6
6

18
12

9
9

11
5

18
12

17
10

5
5

-

-

8
3

9

1 42 .50

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

2

-

-

4

8 3 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

7 4 .5 0 6 9 .0 0 -

9 4.5 0
9 4 .5 0

10
10

13
13

2
2

18
14

10
8

11
9

12
8

8
8

3
3

-

5
4

5
4

-

-

1
“

215
74
141

4 0 .0
40.0
4 0 .0

91.0 0
95.0 0
8 9 .0 0

90.0 0
9 6 .5 0
8 4 .5 0

8 3 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
8 8 .5 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
8 1 .5 0 -1 C 0 .0 0

_

6

6

10

-

6

6

22
6
16

27
17
10

29
16
13

14
5
9

10
3
7

4
1
3

-

-

29
22
7

2

-

56
4
52

TRANSCRI BI NG- MACHI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL --------------- -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

78
42
36

40.0
4 0 .C
4 0 .0

8 7 .5 0
8 7 . CC
8 8 .5 0

87.0 0
8 7 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

8 1 .5 0 8 1 .5 0 8 1 .0 0 -

3
3

4
4

8

18
12
6

17
6
11

14
10
4

3
2
1

5
1
4

2

-

2
2
~

-

-

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

161
73
89

39.5
40.0
3 9.5

1C 7.00
1 32 .00
8 6 .5 0

1 0 7 . 0C
1 32 .50
8 5 .5 0

14

6

13

7

8

-

-

-

-

10
9
1

13
11
2

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — ----------------------------PUBLI C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------

276
104
172
50

4 0 .0
40.0
40.0
4 0 .0

81.0 0
8 3.0 0
8 0 .0 0
86.0 0

82.0 0
8 4 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

-

See fo otnotes




at e nd o f t a b l e s .

9 3.5 0
9 3.5 0
9 3 .5 0

8 4 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
1 2 2 . 0 0 - 1 4 6 . CO
7 3 .0 0 - 9 7 .5 0
7 4 .0 0 7 4 .5 0 7 3 .5 0 8 2 .0 0 -

8 9 .0 0
9 1.5 0
8 7.0 0
92.5 0

_
“

“

-

8

_

15

12

3

-

15

12

3

14

6

13

7

8

11
3

19

33

18

67
25
42
17

34
13
21
9

47
25
22
12

5

8

49
25
24
6

9
6
3
3

1

4
29

-

5
3

_

2

-

8
6
2

5
-

i
i

1
i

5

-

6
-

149
3

5
5

-

17

11

_

-

-

_
-

-

_

_

*

-

_

*
-

-

-

*

~
_

-

2

~

2

26
26
-

_

_

-

-

“

*

“

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

21
21

_

-

2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

SWITCHBOARD OP E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O NI S T S MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

_

-

3

8 4 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

o

'J'

138.50

40.0
40.0

o

39
98
83

10

-

-

4
“
4

A --------

CLASS

-

2
1
1
*

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

-

-

9
T a b le A - 2 .

P ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s —m en and w o m e n

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n an a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n ,
W eek ly earnings 1
( standard)

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

*
80

M id d le range 2

C L A S S A ------------------

68

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

100

COMPUTER OPERATORS,
NONMANUFACTURING

40.0
40.0

171.50
158.00

174.00
161.50

159.00149.00-

37
63

40.0
40.0
40.0

133.00
133.00
133.00

135.00
125.00
136.00

35
32

C L A S S C ------------------

*
90

$
100

*
110

40.0
40.0

115.00
111.50

116.50
116.00

104.00103.00-

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A -----------------

*
120

*
130

*
140

*

$

$

$

!

160

150

170

180

190

*

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

5
5

2
2

2
2

9
9

12
6
6

20
1

9

7

5

19

9

19
19

2
1

1
1

1 8 4 . CO
172.50
7

2

119.00
118.50

170

190

25
11

200

12
-

5
4

1

—
2

-

-

1

1

40.0
40.0

189.50
167.00

195.50
164.50

ANALYSTS,
A ----------------ANALYSTS,
B -----------------

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

A -----------------------------------

105
96

40.0
40.0

18 9 .
190.

197.
197,

179.00- 203.50
181.00- 2 03.50

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

170
142
28

40.0
40.0
40.C

153.
153.
153.

157,
157.
167.

141.50- 166.00
146.00- 163.50
123.00- ie4.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

105
84

40.0
40.0

121.

116,
109,

104.00- 137.50
103.50- 134.00

270

280

over

2

—

—

—
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

14
3

12
2

4

4

36

4

and

-

-

-

13

_

9

—

262.50-309.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS
BUSINESS, CLASS

1
-

—

1

280

_

260

$
270

—

-

1

10
10

$
260

171.50-185.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS
BUSINESS, CLASS

-

1

—

$
250

250

240

-

31

164.00-213.00
139.50-189.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS.
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S C -----------------

-

—

1

191.00-231.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

-

-

-

$
240

—

230

-

—
-

-

220

-

—

8

$
230

—

210

2
2

1 C -

9
1
6

$
220

—

180

8
7

$
210

200

,

113.00154.00
93.00-171.00
119.00147.50

38

O c t o b e r 1970)

and
under
90

COMPUTER OPERATORS,
NONMANUFACTURING

T ex.,

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings o f
»

A vera ge
w e e k ly
h ou rs1
(standard)

F o r t W orth,

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS

C -----------------------------------

242.00-277.00

259.50

11 8 .

------------------

3

-

11

3

10
3
7
46
45

13
9

-

6

9
9

9

23

9

23

13

48

26

20

17

13

48

25

16

11

-

16
16

-

1

4

9

26

6

20

4

6

6

6

—

5

-

1

-

-

4

—

-

—

-

-

-

-

13

—

-

12

—

-

16

—

-

-

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

-

-

-

19

-

-

-

—

-

18

—

-

-

-

—
—

9 -

32

12

—

-

-

-

—

-

-

-

-

-

—

-

—

-

-

-

-

9 0 . 0 0 - 1 1 1 . CO

WOMEN

NURSES,
INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
M A N U F A C T U R I N G — ------------------

*

W orkers

w ere

See footn otes

distribu ted as

at en d o f t a b l e s .




40.0
40.0

follow s:

165.50
168.50

174.50
175.00

9 at $ 28 0 t o $ 29 0 ;

3

6 at $ 290 t o $ 300 ;

6 at $ 300 t o $ 3 1 0 ;

4

5

29

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

160.00-178.00
167.50-178.00

4

5

29

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7 at $ 3 1 0 t o $ 32 0 ;

4 at $ 320 t o $ 330 ;

an d 3 at $ 330 an d o v e r .

10
T a b le

A -3 .

O f fic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, a n d te c h n ic a l

o c c u p a tio n s — m en

and w o m e n

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s st ud i ed o n an a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n ,

F o r t Wort h,

Average
Number
o
f
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

129.00
137.00
122.00
138.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------

757
26 2
49 5
164

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

95.50
99.50
93.00
1 0 6 . OC

C L E R K S , FILE, C L A S S B
NONMANUFACTURING —

58
48

39.5
39.0

77.50
75.50

C L E R K S , FILE , C L A S S C
NONMANUFACTURING —

193
171

39.5
39.5

72.50
72.50

C L E R K S , ORD E R -----MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

226
30
196

40.0
40.0
40.0

98.50
102.50
98.00

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

71
32
39

40.0
40.0
40.0

170.00
184.00
158.00

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N Q N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

150
38
112

39.0
40.0
39.0

119.00
132.50
115.00

67
26
41

3 9.5
40.0
39.5

138.50
128.50
145.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES •

316
136
180
39

39.5
40.C
39.0
40.0

126.50
130.50
123.50
130.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING —
PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S

384
142
28

40.0
39.5
40.0

136.00
121.00
147.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONMANUFACTURING —
PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S •

440
170
270
49

3 9.5
40.0
3 9.5
40.0

119.00
140.00
106.00
115.00

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S C -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

46
41

40.0
40.0

111.00

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A --------------------

151

40.0

211.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
NONMANUFACTURING —
PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S

67 6
309
77

40.0
40.0
40.0

117.50
96.00
106.00

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

92
44

40.0
40.0

188.50
16 6 . 5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
NONMANUFACTURING —

25 8
75

40.C
39.5

137.00
116.00

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S C --------------------

38

173.00

39

40.0

138.50

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L ---MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

187
95
92

39.5
40.0
39.5

104.50
103.50
105.50

C O M P U T E R SY ST E M S A N A L Y S T S ,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A --------------------

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

98
83

4C.0
40.0

84.50
83.50

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----NONMANUFACTURING ~

158
93
65

40.0
40.0
39.5

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L AS S A -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

368
141
26

40.0
40.0
40.0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

398
97
301

40.0
40.0
39.5

96.50
9 2 . CO
98.00

M E S S E N G E R S ( O FF IC E B O Y S AN D G I R L S ) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

122
70
52

40.0
40.0
40.0

93.50
101.50
83.50

See

footnote




at e n d o f t a b l e s .

93.00
99.00
84.50

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N ISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

215
74
141

40.0
40.0
40.0

91.00
95.00
8 9 . CC

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONMANUFACTURING —

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

CLASS A

127.50
113.00 1 TABULA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
C L A S S A ------------------------118.00

TRANSCRI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

25

165.50

78
42
36

40.0
40.0
40.0

87.50
87.00
88.50

162
74
88

39.5
40.0
39.5

107.50
132.00
86.50

P R O F E S S I O N A L AN D T E C H N I C A L
OCCUPATIONS

O

459
220
23 9
104

$
8 3 .50
83.00
84.00
96.50

>

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

TY P I S T S , C L A S S B -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------

o

87.00
86.50

291
104
187
64

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
39.5
40.0
3 9.5

115.00

64

40.0

278.50

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B --------------------

99

40.0

259.50

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S A -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

107
96

40.0
40.0

189.00
190.50

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

172
142
30

40.0
40.0
40.0

153.50
153.50
154.00

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S C -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- --------------------

117
84

40.0
40.0

119.50
118.00

D R A F T S M E N - T R A C E R S --------------------TYPISTS, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

33

o

40.0
40.0

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

88.50

77
62

W eekly
(standard)

O

40.G

O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

$
127.50
139.50
117.00
129.50

1,208
574
634
121

o

67

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

- CONTINUED

S E C R E T A R I E S ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----NONMANUFACTURING P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S

*

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
M A C H I N E ) ------------------------

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

o

39.5

Number
of
workers

O

47

$
100.00

O c t o b e r 1970)

Average
O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
M A C H I N E ) -------------------

Tex.,

o

O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

c o m b in e d

98.50

NU RS E S , I N D U S T R I A L (R E G I S T E R E D ) --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

51
47

40.0
40.0

165.50
168.50

11

T a b le

A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e

and

p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s studied on an a r e a b a s i s b y in d u str y d iv is io n ,

F o r t W orth,

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of-

H ourly earnings3

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

of
workers

Under
M ean 2

M edian 2

T e x . , O c t o b e r 1970)

M id d le range 2

2.60

$
2.70

S
2.80

S
2.90

$
3.00

$
3 .10

t
3.20

$
3.3 C 3 . 4 0

$
t
3 50 3 . 6 0

$
3.70

$
$
3 . 80 4 . 0 0

t
$
4.20 4 .4 0

$
i
4.60 4.80

2.60

2.70

2.80

2.90

3.00

3.10

3 .20

3.30

3.4C 3.5C

3 60 3 . 7 0

3.80

4 . 00 4 . 2 0

4.40 4 .6 0

4.80

9
9

2

-

“

$
2.30

*

-

-

-

*

4
4

3
3

-

-

3
-

10
9

25
25

1
-

6
5

_

14
14

2
1

-

-

3
3

8
4

36
34

21
19

8
2

182
145

_

1
1

8
8

3
3

5
5

2
2
-

35
29
6

-

-

-

2.40

$
2.50

2.50

t

t

$
5.00

and
$
2 . 3C u n d e r

2.40

5.00 o v e r

MEN
----------MANUFACTURING — -----------------

68
60

$
4.01
4.04

$
4.31
4.32

$
$
3 .5 8 - 4.38
3 .5 8 - 4.38

“

-

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE --------MANUFACTURING -------------------

358
300

4.53
4.57

4.72
4.74

4.284.28-

4.79
4.80

-

-

*

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

117
75
42

3.86
4.01
3.60

3.79
4.41
3.72

3 .283 .3 1 3 .0 5 -

4.46
4.48
4.06

-

-

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES ------MANUFACTURING -------------------

178
139

3.11
3.25

3.43
3.50

2 .5 7 2 .7 9 -

3.70
3.73

16
13

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFACTURING--------------- *
—

130
120

4.37
4.37

4.26
4.26

4 .154 .15-

4.73
4.74

-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) --------------------MANUFACTURING------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------

175
80
95
80

3.47
3.79
3.21
3.11

3.39
4.12
3.15
2.78

2 .7 8 - 4.11
3 .1 6 - 4.35
2 .4 7 - 4.02
2 .4 6 - 4.02

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ---- -------MANUFACTURING -------------------

532
525

3.64
3.62

3.50
3.49

3 .0 8 3 .0 7 -

4.48
4.37

MILLWRIGHTS -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

54
54

3.92
3.92

4.06
4.06

3 .663 .6 6 -

4.13
4.13

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------- --

81
64

4.04
4.24

4.22
4.24

3 .8 4 - 4.28
3 .9 9 - 4.29

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS --------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

187
187

4.83
4.83

4.77
4.77

4.724.72-

carpenters, maintenance

*

W orkers

W ere d istr ib u te d as fo llo w s :

See fo otn otes

at en d o f t a b l e s .




33 at

$ 5 to

$ 5.2 0;

and

-

-

-

*

2
“

1
1

6
6

5
1

1
1

1
1

-

*

9
9

4
3
1

-

8
8
-

3
1
2

3
3
-

12
9
3

-

-

3
3
-

-

9
5
4

10
10

13
6

8
4

12
1

3
1

7
-

4
3

2
-

1
-

-

5
4

27
27

24
24

-

-

_

_

_

3
2

_

-

*

“

4
4

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

34
34

18
18

6
6

_

-

9
9

l
i

-

_

l
l

7
7

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

36
36
36
87
87

-

_

_

“

~

~

1
1

6

12
12

1
1

-

-

2
2

6
6

-

5
2

9
7
2
2

6
6

9
9

11
11

22
22

58
58

-

3
3

_

“

5

1
1
-

15
9
6
6

17
17

19
19

-

-

a
8
_

_

-

*

5.07
5.07

35 at

-

~

~

-

$ 5 .4 0

to

$5.6 0.

_

1

2

_

4

_

*

“

-

6
2

_

2

-

-

46
46

_

5
5
41
41

12
12
-

_

_

12
12

-

_

-

-

30
26

32
32

30
27
3

-

2
2

3
3

31
7
24
24

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

17
15

12
12

78
78

1
1

131
126

_

_

_

_

_

-

37
37

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

14
14

2
1

36
36

2

_

-

-

-

_

6
6

4
4

13
13

88
88

_

-

-

-

27
27

-

_
*

12
2
10
1

3
-

_
“

_

53
47

-

_

_

*

5
5

1
1

10
10
-

*68
68

12

T a b le

A -5 .

C u s to d ia l

and

m a te ria l

m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n an a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n ,

F o rt W orth,

S ex,

o c cu p a tio n ,

and

in d u s tr y

d iv is io n

under

M ean 2

M e d ia n 2

O c t o b e r 1970)

N um ber of w ork ers receiv in g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of —

H ourly earnings
Number
of
workers

Tex.,

M id d le range 2

$
i .60

S
$
*
$
i
$
$
i
t
$
$
$
$
*
*
$
$
i
S
t
1.60 1.70 1.80 1. 90 2 .C 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 >.90 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40
O
and
under

1.70 1.80 1.90 2. 00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2• 2.80 >.90 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.cc 4.20 4.40 4.60
7C
MN
E
G A D A D W T H E ----------------------U R S N A C MN
manufacturing
----------------------------

560
415

$
3.11
3.58

$
3.73
3.77

$
$
1.94- 3.83
3.71- 3.91

~

GAD
UR S
M N F C U IN --------------------------A UA T R G

364

3.76

3.78

3.73- 3.92

*

WT H E
A C MN
M N F C U IN --------------------------A UA T R G

51

2.28

2.29

1.97- 2.64

JANITORS, PORTERS, A D C A E S ---N LE N R
M N F C U IN ---------------------------A UA T R G
N N A U A T R G ---------------------O M N F C U IN
PU
BLIC UTILITIES --------------------

l ,593
762
831
95

2.34
2.93
1.81
2.46

2.07
3.16
1.72
2.44

1.702.391.652.08-

3.14
3.39
1.90
2.76

LABO
RERS, M TE IA H N L G ---------A R L A D IN
M N F C U IN —------------------------A UA T R G
N N A U A T R G ----------------------O M N F C U IN
PU
BLIC UTILITIES --------------------

l ,437
900
537
123

2.43
2.46
2.38
3.08

2.27
2.30
2.09
3.20

2.062.112.032.69-

2.69
2.66
2.78
3.28

O D R FILLERS ------------------------------RE
M N F C U IN --------------------- ----A UA T R G
N N A U A T R G ----------------------O M N F C U IN

331
77
254

2.44
2.60
2.40

2.39
2.53
2.35

2.13- 2.82
2.23- 3.23
2.13- 2.79

28
28
“
“
“

PACKERS, SH
IPPIN -------------------------G
M N F C U IN ---------------------------A UA T R G

307
267

3.03
3.14

3.21
3.24

2.55- 3.30
2.59- 3.91

“

RECEIVIN C R S ---------------------------G LE K
M N F C U IN ------------------------------------------- ---—
A UA T R G
N N A U A T R G ------------------------------------------O M N F C U IN

157
104
53

3.05
3.34
2.49

2.93
3.73
2.56

2.55- 3.77
2.67- 3.92
2.33- 2.81

69

3.24

3 .3 3

3.05- 3.38

108
96

3.15
3.11

3.04
3.03

2.73- 3.65
2.73- 3.46

-

,560
478
,082
521

3.18
3.12
3.21
4.00

3.04
3.01
3.13
4.09

2.522.642.274.03-

_

TRU RIVERS, LIG T (U D R
CKD
H
NE
1-1/2 TO S) ------------------------------N
N N A U A T R G ----------------------O M N F C U IN

123
109

2.15
2.16

TRU K RIV RS* M D M (1-1/2 T
CD E
E IU
O
A D IN LU IN 4 TO S) --------------N
C D G
N
M N F C U IN ---------------------------A UA T R G
N N A U A T R G ---------------------------------- -------O M N F C U IN

652
91
561

TRU
CKDRIVERS, H A Y (O E 4 TO S,
EV
VR
N
TRAILER TYPE) ---------------------------------------------------M N F C U IN ---------------------------------------------------A UA T R G
N N A U A T R G ------------------------------------------O M N F C U IN

318
223
95

______ __ , _

SHIPPING A D RECEIVIN C R S -------------N
G LE K
M U
AN FACTU G
RIN ------------------------------------------- --------TR C D IV R -------------- :---------------------------------------------UKR ES
M N F C U IN ---------------------------------------------------A UA T R G
N N A U A T R G ------------------------------------------O M N F C U IN
PU
BLIC UTILITIES --------------------------------------

See footnotes

at e n d o f t a b l e s .




i

l

4.05
3.92
4.08
4.45

13

109
3

12
6

16
14

5
*

“

11
9

“

3

3

~

'

*

14

*

~

9

173
22
151
“

102
23
79
“

53
24
29

58
26
32

38
27
11

4

107
44
63
25

19
7
12

16
7
9

80
43
37
“

348
141
207
“

98
93
5
”

154
138
16
9

21

57
57

“

-

367
2
365
44

20
24
*
18
18
-

4

20

4

8

-

12

2
2
“

-

21
13

4
4

2

3

1

10
10

~

10

3

2

~

19

40
26
14

17
9

122
106
16
13

10
1C

17
8

8

8C

136
127
9

4

68

37
31

8

7

4

8

6

3
3
”

54
25
29

~
1
1

28
28

-

2

2

1

12

1

30
11
19

9
9

12
12

2

15

79

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

55
55

6

10

-

~

126
126

“

84
30
54
42

11
11

2

~
i

~

53
14
39
15

1
1

2

148

10

9
3

1

188

7

e

8

12

92
38
54
6

“

23
3
20

“

3

72

148
148

57 187
56 185
1
2

36
3
33

*

1

4

188
188

11
7
4
3

23
11
12

1

2

47
43

1

12
12

18
6
12
12

23
6
17

2

-

7

~

“
~

1
1

19
8
11
11

4

5

5

-

8

“
”

4

9
7
2

_

8

8
4

6

33
33

6
6
“

32
14

~

6
6

12
12

91
91

2
1
1

7
1
6

7

7
7

2

4

1
1

3

1
“
-

“

*

14

26

-

-

-

-

14

26

-

1
1
-

“

170
9

161

31
2
29
18

92
55
37
27

12

1
1

*

23
23

*

17
16

6

-

11

-

-

4

158
3
155

18
1
17

28
3
25

6
-

7
1

51
45

6

6

1.77- 2.55
1.76- 2.56

3.01
2.86
3.04

2.83
2.76
2.84

2.11- 4.40
2.58- 3.50
2.09- 4.41

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

2.94
2.99
2.82

2.69
2.70
2.66

2.57- 3.50
2.61- 3.39
2.52- 3.51

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

14
14

17
1
16

-

-

-

-

-

6

4

8

8
3

5

8

7
3

4
4

6
6

-

3

-

-

-

3

9

70

*

122
71
51

11
10

2

36
36

2
2

24

41

9

7

15

34

18

79
64
15

-

18

7
7
24
24
-

39
30
9

26
26

85
18
67

18
3
15

125

2

73
54
19

3

9
9

2

3

68

57
6

3

2

63
63
20
18
2

41
26
15
15
~
-

54
54
*
*
73
73

6
6

*

11
3
8

3

58
25
33
6

16

60

3

9

13
2
-

2

6

6
6
-

-

4
-

“
-

4
4

*
*
-

~
-

-

“

30
30

1

7
6

15
15

12
5
7
3

92
84

239
26
213
213

“

“

-

“

*

”

“

8

5

-

5

30
23
7

6

3

20

-

6

3

-

-

-

-

20

-

51

“

31
29
2

~

*

-

“

4

-

10

2

2
2

~

~

“

3

34

2.25

2 .2 2

4

4

19
19

2
2

~

3

14
3

-

32
32
*

236
-

236
236

*

164

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

“

-

-

8
8

23
23

32
32

-

-

-

-

4

-

164

-

13
T a b le

A -5 .

C u s to d ia l

and

m a te ria l

m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Fort Worth, T e x ., October 1970)
Number of workers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

H ourly earnings3

$
Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
workers

M ean 2

M e d ia n 2

M iddle range 2

t

*

t

t

$

$

s

$

t

$

*

S

i

*

$

$

*

S

S

$

S

1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.8C 4.00 4.20 4.40

U nder1 *60
%
and
1*60 under

1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.7C 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60

MEN

-

CONTINUED

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) -----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

647
470
177

$

3.04
3.12
2.82

$

2.93
2.99
2.87

$

$

2.49- 3.50
2.49- 3.89
2.52- 3.33

“

-

-

"

“

3

1.64- 1.77

-

173

71

21

3

-

*

10
10

9
9

38
8
30

15

1

26
23
3

58
51
7

18
18

32
25
7

61
51
10

24
3
21

30
18
12

46
21
25

11
1
10

28
9
19

_

6

2
2

98
98

52
52

-

'

'

'

'

_

101
71
30

_

__

*

WOMEN
JANITORS, PORTERS, ANO CLEANERS

----

PACKERS, SHIPPING -------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

See

footn otes

at e n d o f t a b l e s .




295
91
77

1.71
2.31
2.29

1.69

l.tiU
2.41
2.29

1.

f3

1.79- 2.58
1.77- 2.72

7

_

1

_

_

_

'

-

-

27
27

_

9
9

2
2

-

1
1

6
6

15
1

11
11

8

8

3
3

3
3

-

3
3

-

3
3

-

-

_

14
B .

E

T a b le

s t a b l i s h m

B -1 .

e n t

M in im u m

p r a c t i c e s

e n tra n c e

a n d

s u p p l e m

e n t a r y

s a la rie s fo r w o m e n

w

a

g

e

p r o v i s i o n s

o ffic e w o rk e rs

( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , F o r t W o r t h , T e x , , . O c t o b e r 197 0)
Other in e x p e rie n ce d c l e r i c a l w o rk e r s 5

In e x p e rie n ce d typists
N onmanufacturing

M anufacturing
M in im u m w eekly s tr aigh t-tim e s a la r y 4

All
schedules

E s ta b lis h m e n ts stud ied

------

-----------

— --------------------

E s ta b lish m en ts having a sp e c ifie d m in im u m —
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

57.50
60.00
62.50
65.00
67.50
70.00
72.50
75.00
77.50
80.00
82.50
85.00
87.50
90.00
92.50
95.00
97.50

an d
an d
an d
and
an d
an d
an d
an d
an d
a nd
a nd
a nd
an d
an d
an d
an d
an d

------------------

u n d e r $ 6 0 . 0 0 - _ _ _ _ — _ ------------------- —
_ __ _
u n d e r $ 6 2 . 5 0 --------- _ _ _ _ - _ —
und er $ 65.00
— —
— _ — — --------- —
u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 — --------------------------- _ —
u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 --------------_ _ _
_ ____
u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 ---- ------------------ -----------u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 --------------------------— ------------------------------u n d e r $ 7 7 . 5 0 ------------------------------u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 ----------------------------------------------------------under $ 82.50— —
_ _ --------- __ _ _ _ __
under $ 85.00— —
_
_ _ _
_ _
u n d er $ 87.50 _ _ _ _
_
_
_ _ _ _ _ _
u n d e r $ 9 0 . 0 0 — — --------- — _ _ —
---------------under $ 92.50 _ _
_____
__ _ _ —
_ _
— ------------------------- —
u n d e r $ 9 5 . 0 0 ------ --under $ 97.50 _ _ _
__
------------------ _
o v e r ------ ----------------------------------------------------------------

All
schedules

40

40

85

XXX

140

55

XXX

85

XXX

49

17

16

32

27

75

25

24

50

40

1
2
14
1
6
7
3
3
1
4
1
1
_
2
3

_
4
1
3
2
2
-

4
1
3
2
2
1
_
1

1
2
10
1
5
4
1
1
1

1
9
1
5
3
1
1
1
1
1

1
6
20
2
11
13
4
2
1
5

6
1
2
5
2
2
3

6
i
2
5
2
2
2

1
6
14
1
9
8
2
1
2

l
13
1
9
7
2
1
1

2

_
1
2

8

5

----------- --

82

32




40

XXX

--------------

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 6 o f —
All
schedules

55

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h d i d no t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h i s c a t e g o r y --------------------------- -------------- — --------

-------------------------------------------------------------------

40

All
schedules

Non manufactu rin g

140

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g no s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ------

D ata not a v a i l a b l e -----

All
in dustries

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 6 o f ----

All
in dustries

M anufacturing

1

1

2

i
i
-

1

i
XXX

3

XXX

XXX

50

XXX

11

1

1

1
2
i

-

-

-

3

1
3

1

1

3

1

i

XXX

3

XXX

XXX

32

XXX

8

53

XXX
XXX

-

-

-

2
4

1

2

-

3
-

1

-

-

-

1
-

i

-

-

-

21
1

XXX

XXX




15

T a b le

B -2 .

S h ift d iffe r e n tia ls

(L ate-shift pay p rovisions fo r manufacturing plant w orkers by type and amount of pay differential,
F ort Worth, T ex., O ctober 1970)
jAr^jDlantHW o r d c e j r s ^ i r ^ m a n u f < * c t u r i n g ^ ^
>
(
P ercent of manufacturing plant w orkers—
In establishm ents having provisions
for late shifts

L ate-shift pay provision

7

Actually working on late shifts

Second shift

Third or other
shift

-----------

90.7

79.1

23.5

4.6

No pay differential for work on late sh ift---------

3.1

2.4

0.2

0.4

87.6

76.7

23.2

4.2

-

78.6

27.0

20.4

2.4

4 c e n ts ------------------------ ----- ----5 cents ----------------------- ---------------6 c e n ts ------------------------------- ------7 cents _ -------------- ----- -------------------------------- — -----------8 cents — ---- -1 0 cen ts-------------------- ------------- --1 1 cen ts------------------- - 1 2 cents __ -------— -------- - 134 c e n t s ---------- ---------------------------/5
14 cen ts---- ---- -- --------------------15 or 16 cents--------------------------------------.
...............
18 cents--------19 cen ts-------------------------------------------2 0 cen ts-----------------------------------------------272 cen ts--------------------------------------------/3

1.6

-

3.9

.2

.3

Total-------

------------------------------------

Pay differential for work on late shift -

___

Second shift

Third or other
shift

Type and amount of differential:
Uniform cents (per h o u r)______________

1.2

.3
.3

-

1.6

-

1.4

2.6

6.8

4.9
7.9

15.8
1.3
2.3
1.7
3.2
.1

37.9
-

.3

-

.2

.2

-

.8

1.1

1.6

2.4

-

.5

3.2
2.7
1.3

.2

(8 )
13.0
-

.1

.4
.2

(8 )

2.6

-

.8

-

1.7

-

-

9.0

8.0

2.8

-

5 p e rce n t----------------------- ---------- 1 0 p e r c e n t -------------------------15 p e r c e n t-- --------------- -------------------

7.8
1.3
-

6.7
1.3

2.5
.3

-

h ou rs' pay for 6 V2 hou rs' work plus
uniform cents (per hour)-------------- ------1 0 cents---------------------- ------------14 cents-------------------------------------------------

-

39.2
25.6
13.6

h ou rs' pay for 6 V2 hours' work plus
5 p e rce n t-------------------------------------------------

-

1.0

(8 )

1.4

.2

Uniform p ercen ta g e ------- --------------------

8

8

Other form al pay differential-------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.

“
1.6

-

1.2

.4

T a b le

S c h e d u le d

B -3 .

w e e k ly

h o u rs

(Percent distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-sh ift w ork ers, Fort W orth, T e x ,, October 1970)
Plant workers

Office workers

W eekly hours
A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

--------------------------------------

100

100

100

Under 37*/z hours --------------------------------------------37‘/z h o u r s ______________________________________
Over 3 7 V2 and under 40 hou rs----------------- -------40 h o u rs --------------- ----------------------------------------------Over 40 and under 44 hours -----------------------------44 h o u rs --------------------- --------- ------------------45 h o u rs -------------------------------------------------------------48 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------Over 48 hou rs--------- --------------------------------------------

3
5
2
73
3
4
5
2
2

2
1

-

-

-

A ll w ork ers ----

S e e footnote at end of t a b le s .




87
2
4
2
-

2

A ll industries

100

8

4
3
3
89
1
1

1

(9 )

91
-

-

-

Manufacturing

100

Public utilities

100

-

-

(9 )

-

99

100

-

-

-

-

(9 )

-

-

17

T a b le

B -4 .

P a id

h o lid a y s

(P ercent distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, F ort Worth, T ex., O ctober 1970)
Plant w orkers

O ffice workers

Item
A ll industries

All w ork ers-------------------------------------------------W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid holidays _ ------------------- -------- - --------W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid holidays ------------------------ ----- -----------

Manufacturing

Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

94

100

92

99

99

100

-

8

1

1

-

_
6
1
35
58
-

6

Number of days
L ess than 5 holidays --------------- -------------- —
5 h o lid a y s -----------------------------------------------------------6 h olid a y s---- ------------------------------------------------------7 h olid a y s_______________________________________
7 holidays plus 1 or 2 half days-----------------8 h olid a y s-----------------------------------------------------------8 holidays plus 1 half day----------------------------------8 holidays plus 2 half d a y s -------------------- -------9 h olid a y s---- ------------------ -------------------------------9 holidays plus 2 half d a y s ----- - --------------------10 holidays----------------------------------------------------------11 holidays-----------------------------------------------------------

-

-

1

-

10

4
14
~
74
-

17
22
16
1
32
(9 )
1
1
4
2
I

14
3
1
55
1
2
2
9
2
2

3
21
14
10
1
26
1
1
3
8
1
4

14
11
1
32
1
2
5
14
2
7

4
14
18
19
45
46
56
70
91
91
91
92
94

7
23
30
31
63
64
75
90
100
100
100
100
100

-

10

-

Total holiday tim e 1
0
11 days----------------------------------------------------------------10 days or m ore -------------------------------------------------9 days or m o r e --------------------------------------------------8 V days or m o r e ----------------------------------------------2
8 days or m o r e --------------------------------------------------7 V days or m o r e -----------------------------------------------2
7 days or m o r e --------------------------------------------------6 days or m o r e --------------------------------------------------5 days or m o r e --------------------------------------------------4 days or m o r e --------------------------------------------------3 days or m o r e --------------------------------------------------2 days or m o r e --------------------------------------------------1 day or m o re -----------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

1
7

-

9

74
74
88
88
92
92
92
92
92

9

-

42
43
59
82
98
98
98
99
99

2
13
16
17
72
73
76
89
99
99
99
99
99

-

58
58
93
94
100
100
100
100
100

18

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id

v a c a tio n s

(Percent distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions, Fort W orth, T e x ., October 1970)

Plant w orkers

O ffice workers

Vacation p olicy
A ll industries
All w ork ers_______

________

________

Manufacturing

P ublic utilities

A ll industries

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
94
6

100
91
9

100
98
2

100
99
1

100
98
2

100
100
-

(9 )

-

-

-

-

-

(9 )
19
1

1
21
-

41
-

26
10

18
-

38
-

1
54
2
29
14

48
3
24
24

74
26
-

(9 )
26
(9 )
47
25

19
(9 )
28
52

53
47
-

1
24
2
56
16

28
3
41
26

26
74
-

(9 )
7
1
67
25

-

7
“
40
52

6
2
92
-

10
6
67
16
(9 )

9
9
54
26
1

5
95
-

5
(9 )
66
28
(9 )

6
39
55
(9 )

3
97
-

10
5

10

68

5
95
-

68

16
(9 )

56
26
1

4
1
74
16
5

70
26
4

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Method of payment
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations_________________________________
L en gth -of-tim e payment - — ----------------------Percentage payment___________ _____
- W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations_______________ —
—
Amount of vacation p a y 1
1
A fter 6 months of se rv ice
Under 1 w e e k ---------- ---------------------- ------------ _
1 week------------------------- --------------- ----------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------After 1 yea r of se rv ice
Under 1 week------------- -------------------------------1 week___________ — ------------ ------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ------------------- -------- 2 weeks __ —
_
_
______
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s --------------- -------------A fter 2 yea rs of serv ice
Under 1 week-----------------------------------------------1 week-------------------------------------------------------- ------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----- ---------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks
— ---- — _ __ —
A fter 3 yea rs of se rv ice
1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks ___ -------- -------- ___
2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks __ — _ --------- — — —
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------ ----A fter 4 yea rs of serv ice
1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------2 weeks --------------------------------------------------------- -Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s -------------- --------------3 weeks --------------------------------------- ------------- - -

8

4
(9 )

6

3

39
55
(9 )

97
*

1
~
67
28
4

42
52

97

6

3

1
36
2
34
27
1

20
“
24
55
1

13

28
(9 )

A fter 5 yea rs of serv ice
1 week---------------------------------------------------------- ---Over 1 and under 2 weeks
------------------------- __
2 w e e k s -------------------- --------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------- -------------3 weeks ---------------------------------------- ---- --------------

97
-

3

A fter 10 years of se rv ice
1 week----------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 weeks ------------- ---- ----------4 weeks _ -----------------------------------------------------------See footnotes at end of tables.




4
40
6

34
14
2

-

-

33
10
31
24
2

10
90

87
'

19

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id

v a c a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

(Percent distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay p ro v isio n s, F ort W orth, T e x ., O ctober 1970)
Plant workers

O ffice workers

V acation p olicy
A ll industries

Manufacturing

4
36
5
38
16
2

26
8
37
26
2

P ublic utilities

A ll industries

_

1
34
2
36
27
1

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Amount of vacation pay 11— Continued
After 12 yea rs of serv ice
1 week--- -----------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s ---------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s ------------------------ --4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------

_

9
91
-

_

_

18
26
55
1

3
97
-

_

A fter 15 yea rs of serv ice
1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------4 w eek s -------------------------------------------------------- ---Over 4 and under 5 weeks ---------------------------------

3
1
31
35
14
14
1

_

_

20
34
24
20
2

9
80
11
-

(9 )
25
2
35
23
12
2

_
15
19
51
14
2

(’ )
(’ )
25
2
19
27
25
(9 )
1

_
15
15
17
51
(9 )
2

3
32
65
-

(’ )
24
1
16
29
25
3
1

15
13
18
51
2
2

3
1
72
25
"

(9 )
(9 )
24
1
12
32
25
3
1
(9 )

15
13
18
51
1
2
(9 )

0

3
94
3
-

After 20 yea rs of se rv ice
1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------2 w eek s---------------------------------------------------------------Oyer 2 and under 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks _ _ —
----- 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------Over 4 and under 5 w e e k s ---------------------------------5 w eek s ------------ ------------------------------------------------Over 5 and under 6 w e e k s ------------------------ -------

3
1
31
21
1
26
14
1
1

_

_

20
31
1
20
24
1
2

9
7
84
-

3
1
31
17
29
14
3
1

20
25
26
24
2
2

9
69
22
-

3
1
31

-

-

20

_

After 25 yea rs of s ervice
1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s ------------------------- - 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s -------------------- --------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------Over 4 and under 5 w e e k s ----------------------- ------5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------Over 5 and under 6 w e e k s ----------------------------------

_

-

n

Maximum vacation available *
1 w e e k ----- — ------------ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
__ ---- _
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------2 weeks --------------------------- _ ----------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks — ---------------------3 weeks -------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------- --------------------------------------Over 4 and under 5 weeks -------------------- --------5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------Over 5 and under 6 w e e k s ---------------------------------6 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

17
29
14
3
1
1

25
26
24
1
2
1

* Estim ates of p rovision s for 30 yea rs of serv ice are identical.
See footnotes at end o f tables,




9
-

69
-

22
-

-

-

3
1
72
25
-

20

T a b le B -6 .

H e a l t h , in s u r a n c e , a nd p e n s io n

p la n s

(P ercen t of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry division s em ployed in establishm ents providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, F ort Worth, T ex., October 1970)
Plant workers
Type of benefit and
financing 1
2

All w ork ers---------------------------------------------

A ll industries

—

W orkers in establishm ents providing at
least 1 of the benefits shown b e lo w ___________
Life in su ra n ce_______________________________
N oncontributory p lan s-----------------------------A ccidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance___________________________________
Noncontributory p lan s-----------------------------Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both 13_____________ ________

Manufacturing

100

100

99
95
52

O ffice workers
Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

98
55

100
85

96
39

99
36

100
65

73
43

82
48

65
65

70
33

88
31

61
51

67

79

67

84

92

95

Sickness and accident insurance_________
N oncontributory plan s-------------------------Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting p eriod)__________________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)__________________________

54
27

75
37

18
10

44
13

79
21

4
4

33

41

30

66

81

67

8

5

22

8

3

25

H ospitalization insurance____________________
N oncontributory p lan s-----------------------------Surgical insurance-----------------------------------------Noncontributory p lan s____________________
M edical in su ra n ce------------------------ _ — ---Noncontributory p lan s-----------------------------M ajor m ed ical in su ra n ce -----------------------------N oncontributory plans------------------------------Dental in su ra n ce--------------------------------------N oncontributory plans . _ _______________
R etirem ent pension----------------------------------------N oncontributory p lan s------------------------------

96
45
96
45
90
43
77
39
2
2
62
53

97
52
97
52
94
49
79
39
(9)
79
76

100
78
100
78
93
73
88
76
21
21
59
53

98
35
98
35
93
32
85
31
1
1
71
60

97
32
97
32
93
29
87
25
(9)
88
87

100
49
100
49
95
45
86
47
10
10
75
62

See footnotes at end of tables.




21

Footnotes

A l l o f t h e s e s t a n d a r d f o o t n o t e s m a y n o t a p p l y to t h i s b u l l e t i n .

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at
regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates
position— half of the employees surveyed receive more than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by
2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
3 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
4 These salaries relate to formally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-time salaries that are paid for standard
workweeks.
5 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as messenger or office girl.
6 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweeks reported.
7 Includes all plant workers in establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose formal provisions cover late
shifts, even though the establishments were not currently operating late shifts.
8 Less than 0.05 percent.
9 Less than 0.5 percent.
10 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total
of 9 days includes those with 9 full days and no half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions then
were cumulated.
1 Includes payments other than "length of tim e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent
1
time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service were chosen arbitrarily
and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progression. For example, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 years' service
include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for 3 weeks' pay or
more after 10 years includes those eligible for 3 weeks' pay or more after fewer years of service.
1 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer. "Noncontributory
2
plans" include only those plans financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are legally required plans, such as workmen's compensation, social
security, and railroad retirement.
1 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are
3
limited to those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c r ip tio n s

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t it s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in t o a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l is h m e n t t o e s t a b l is h m e n t and
fr o m a re a to a re a .
T h is p e r m i t s t h e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and h a n d ica p p e d , p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

O FFIC E
B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

C L E R K , A C C O U N T I N G — C o n t in u e d

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s o n a m a c h in e o t h e r th a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic ty p e w rite r.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s t o b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c i d e n t a l t o b i l l i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f ie d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s fo l lo w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e c o m b i n a t i o n t y p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s 1 p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a l ly i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d o n th e b i l l i n g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a l ly i n v o l v e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d is o ft e n d o n e o n a f a n fo l d
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m i n g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s o n c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l ly p r i n t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o l v e a k n o w l e d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m
and sta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( R e m i n g t o n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a t io n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w it h o r w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w it h th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o th e r r e c o r d s
b y hand.
C la s s B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u i r in g l i t t l e k n o w l e d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p l e t y p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h i n e ) , c o s t d i s t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d i s t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h a s p o s t in g t o r e g i s t e r s a n d l e d g e r s ;
r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y i n g th e i n t e r n a l c o n s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , a n d m a t h e m a t ic a l
a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g
and v e r ify in g f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s tin g , e t c .;
o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l v o u c h e r s ’.
M ay w ork
in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m .
T h e w o rk r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f
w h ic h r e l a t e s t o th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g a n d
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , th e w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m
a n d p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s i g n e d w o r k ,
p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g a n d a c c o u n t i n g .




c l e r i c a l m e th o d s and o f f ic e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s
r e c o r d i n g o f t r a n s a c t i o n s a n d a c c o u n t i n g in f o r m a t io n .
e s f a m i l i a r w it h th e b o o k k e e p in g a n d a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s
b u t i s n o t r e q u i r e d t o h a v e a k n o w l e d g e o f th e f o r m a l

NOTE:

S in c e th e l a s t s u r v e y in t h is a r e a ,

P o s it io n s

c la s s ifie d

in to l e v e l s

o n th e b a s i s

o f th e f o l l o w i n g

d e f in i t io n s .

C la s s A .
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h
r e q u i r e th e a p p l ic a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e a n d ju d g m e n t , f o r e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m ­
p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t it i v e a c c o u n t i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s , s e l e c t i n g a m o n g a s u b s t a n t ia l v a r i e t y o f
p r e s c r ib e d a cco u n tin g c o d e s and c la s s i f ic a t i o n s , o r tr a c in g tr a n s a c t io n s th ro u g h p r e v io u s
a c c o u n tin g a c tio n s to d e te r m in e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M ay b e a s s is te d b y one o r m o re
c la s s B a cco u n tin g c le r k s .
C la s s B .
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o l l o w i n g d e t a il e d in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s t a n d a r d iz e d p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h a s p o s t in g t o
l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e id e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s a n d l o c a t i o n s o f p o s t in g s a r e
c l e a r l y i n d ic a t e d ; c h e c k i n g a c c u r a c y a n d c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d a n d r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; a n d c o d in g d o c u m e n t s u s i n g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g c o d e s .
CLERK,

F IL E

C la s s A .
In a n e s t a b l i s h e d f i li n g s y s t e m c o n t a in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t m a t t e r
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s u c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u ­
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c t io n
w it h th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .
C la s s B .
S o r t s , c o d e s , and fi le s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l b y sim p le (s u b je c t m a tte r ) h e a d ­
in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M ay p e r fo r m
r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f i li n g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w it h d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p l e c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d t o m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

CLERK, ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u t ie s in v o l v e a n y c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Q u o t in g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g th e i t e m s t o m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t it ie s o f i t e m s o n o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r ib u t in g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s t o b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w it h c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t t o d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a t in g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o l l o w up o r d e r s t o s e e th a t t h e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g
i n v o i c e s w it h o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

CLERK, PAYROLL
C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a ta o n th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s i n v o l v e : C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d o n t im e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; and
p o s t in g c a l c u l a t e d d a ta o n p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k i n g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c t i o n s f o r in s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e ou t p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d i s t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .

th e B u r e a u h a s d i s c o n t in u e d

2 2

a re

c o lle c t in g

d a ta f o r o i l e r s

and

p lu m b e rs .

23
COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n t in u e d

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r t o p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t i c a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
j o b i s n o t t o b e c o n f u s e d w it h th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o t h e r t y p e o f c l e r k , w h ic h m a y in v o l v e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t , in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c i d e n t a l t o p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u tie s .
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
O p e r a te s a k ey p u n ch
t a b u la t in g c a r d s o r o n t a p e .
P o s it io n s

a re

c la s s ifie d

to

record

in t o l e v e l s

or v e rify

o n th e b a s i s

a lp h a b e t ic

a n d /o r n u m e r ic

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d
f e w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in

o f th e f o l l o w i n g

d e f in i t io n s .

M E S S E N G E R (O ffic e B o y o r G ir l)
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t i n e d u t i e s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m i n o r o f f i c e m a ­
c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d i s t r ib u t in g m a i l , a n d o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s th a t r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a s i g n i f i c a n t d u ty .

c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w th e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o v e r e it h e r a m a j o r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e f u n c t io n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r ia l r e l a t i o n s , e t c . ) o r~ a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; or
d.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a n in d iv i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l

e.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d l e
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o ft e n in v o l v i n g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

C

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
t o o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t i o n s in th e d e f in i t io n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a ff
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l ly d i v id e d in to o r g a n iz a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o ft e n , in t u r n , fu r t h e r s u b d i v id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; or^
b.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a n in d iv i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5, 0 00 p e r s o n s .

SECRETARY
A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o o n e in d iv i d u a l. M a in t a in s a c l o s e a n d h i g h l y
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p t o th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n t ly r e c e i v i n g a m in i m u m o f d e t a il e d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l ly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
(a ) R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d i n c o m i n g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t i n e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n i c a l in q u i r i e s
t o th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b ) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; ( c ) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a l e n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in t m e n t s a s in s t r u c t e d ; (d ) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r t o s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e ) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h i c a n d t y p in g w o r k .
M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b l e n a t u r e a n d d i f f ic u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t i o n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d t o th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x clu s io n s
N o t a l l p o s i t i o n s th a t a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e d e f in i t io n a r e a s f o l l o w s ; (a ) P o s i t i o n s w h ic h d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
t y p e d u t i e s ; (c ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s t o a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l ,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d ) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h th e d u t ie s a r e e it h e r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in i t io n ;
a n d (e ) a s s i s t a n t t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h in v o l v e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ic h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E ; T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e f in i t io n s f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w it h r e g a r d t o m a j o r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t it l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " t h o u g h n o r m a l l y i n d ic a t i v e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n o t
in a l l c a s e s i d e n t if y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s t o a c t p e r ­
s o n a l l y o n in d iv i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv i d u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d t o b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
A

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r




C la s s

o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l

D

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , f e w e r than
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c i a l is t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n i c i a n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E ;
M any co m p a n ie s a ssig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o ta k e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n . M a y
a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s . )
S T E N O G R A P H E R , S E N IO R
P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o ta k e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e it h e r in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n . M a y a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n
cop y.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u i r in g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v i d e n c e d b y th e f o l l o w i n g ; W o r k r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o f f i c e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e tc .
U s e s t h is k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s s u c h a s , m a in t a in in g fo l lo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c . ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t in g i n c o m in g m a i l ; and
a n s w e r i n g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .

in

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l )
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s .

o r p r e s id e n t)

d a ta on

C la s s B .
W o r k i s r o u t in e a n d r e p e t i t i v e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r f o l l o w i n g s p e c m c
p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d , a n d f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u i r e
little o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in te r p r e tin g o f da ta to b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s o r m i s s i n g i n f o r m a t io n .

a ll ,

a ll,

B

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 1 00 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
m a c h in e

C la s s A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s th e a p p l ic a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e a n d ju d g m e n t in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e ­
d u r e s t o b e f o l l o w e d a n d in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g , s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g i t e m s t o b e
k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s . O n o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u t in e
k ey p u n ch w o rk .
M a y tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d k e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s .

C la s s

C la s s

o f a m a jo r

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e it h e r in a d d i t io n t o
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e

24
S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R — C o n t in u e d

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n t i n g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r ) — C o n t in u e d

a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n th e e s t a b l is h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
f u n c t io n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t i o n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s i o n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t i n e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m l i m i t e d t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e f u n c t io n s o f t h e e s t a b l is h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e
in f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t i n e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s i o n n u m b e r s w h e n
s p e c i f ic n a m e s a r e fu r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a lls a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s t a b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and u n d e r s p e c ific in ­
s t r u c t i o n s . A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e c o m p l e t e b u t r o u t in e a n d r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s
o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
c o u n tin g m a c h in e s s u c h a s t h e t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d i t io n t o t h e s i m p l e r m a c h in e s
u s e d b y c l a s s C o p e r a t o r s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d t o d o s o m e w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s . M a y t r a in
n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s .
C la s s C .
U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g
m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s s ig n m e n t s
t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k u n it , f o r e x a m p l e , in d iv i d u a l s o r t in g o r c o l l a t i n g r u n s ,
o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , a n d d o s o m e f i li n g w o r k .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T

T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L

In a d d it io n t o p e r f o r m i n g d u t i e s o f o p e r a t o r o n a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a cts a s r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k as p a r t o f r e g u la r
d u tie s .
T h is t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y t a k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's t i m e w h il e at
s w itc h b o a r d .

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n i n v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e fr o m w r itte n c o p y and d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch as
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s d i c t a t io n
in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l.

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ( E le c t r ic A c co u n tin g M a ch in e O p e r a to r )
T Y P IS T
O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s s u c h a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , e t c . E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is d e f in i t io n a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o e x c l u d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e l e c t r o n i c d i g it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u g h t h e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e
E A M e q u ip m e n t .
P o s it io n s

a re

c la s s ifie d

in t o l e v e l s

o n th e b a s i s

o f th e f o l l o w i n g

U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia l o r to m a k e ou t b ills a ft e r c a lc u la ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y i n c lu d e t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p li c a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o l v i n g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a in i n g , s u c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d i s t r ib u t in g in c o m in g m a il.

d e f in i t io n s .

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s in c lu d in g d e v i s in g
d iff ic u lt c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h o ft e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r in g
s o m e p la n n in g o f th e n a t u r e a n d s e q u e n c i n g o f o p e r a t i o n s , a n d th e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s .
Is t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e d in t r a in i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a in i n g l o w e r l e v e l
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d in th e o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h w i r i n g r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s l i m i t e d t o s e l e c t i o n a n d i n s e r t i o n
o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in fi n a l f o r m w h en
it i n v o l v e s c o m b in i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e ll in g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e ­
r i a l ; a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a in t a in u n i f o r m i t y
a n d b a l a n c e in s p a c in g . M a y t y p e r o u t i n e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y i n g d e t a il s t o s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
C o p y t y p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r
d r a f t s ; r o u t in e t y p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d
t a b u l a t i o n s , o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R ---- C o n t in u e d

COM PU TER O PERATO R
M o n i t o r s a n d o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g it a l c o m p u t e r t o p r o c e s s d a ta a c c o r d i n g
t o o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l ly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S t u d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e e q u ip m e n t s e t u p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u ip m e n t w it h r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (t a p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u ip m e n t in to c i r c u i t , a n d s t a r t s
and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s tm e n ts to c o m p u t e r to c o r r e c t o p e r a tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t i o n a n d d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m
t o s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; a n d m a in t a in s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
p rog ra m .
F or w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

com p u ter o p e r a to r s

a re

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w it h m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d a n d
i n t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l in g r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e t o m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; th e
p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p l e x d e s i g n s o th a t id e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o ft e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w l e d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , a n d a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g iv e
d i r e c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w it h m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d
p r o d u c tio n ru n s , t y p ic a lly ru n on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; t h e re is lit t le o r n o te s tin g
o f n e w p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w it h in a r e a s o n a b l e t im e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s ,
d i a g n o s e s c a u s e a n d t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t io n . T h is u s u a l ly i n v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o ­
g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s t a n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n i q u e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y i n d e ­
p e n d e n t ly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s fo l lo w i n g
d e t a il e d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d w it h f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .




C la s s C .
W o rk s o n ro u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is e x p e c t e d t o d e v e l o p
w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d a n d a b i l i t y t o d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in
r u n n in g r o u t i n e p r o g r a m s . U s u a l ly h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a in i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n .
M ay a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S
C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a il e d in s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d t o s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c da ta
p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t .
W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m e r d e v e l o p s th e p r e c i s e
i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h , w h e n e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u ­
la t i o n o f d a ta t o a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; A p p l i e s k n o w le d g e
o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , a n d p a r t i c u l a r s u b j e c t m a t t e r
in v o l v e d t o a n a l y z e c h a r t s a n d d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m t o b e p r o g r a m e d .
D e v e lo p s se q u e n ce
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s , w r i t e s d e t a il e d f l o w c h a r t s t o s h o w o r d e r in w h ic h d a ta w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s t o c o d e d in s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h in e t o f o l l o w ; t e s t s a n d c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t i o n ru n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a lt e r s
p r o g r a m s t o i n c r e a s e o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t t o n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t a n d r e v i s i o n s . ( N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s is and p r o ­
g r a m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g (E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F or w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

program ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

a s fo llo w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m i n g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s . W o r k in g f r o m d i a ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ic h id e n t if y th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s t o b e
a c c o m p l i s h e d , a n d th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v i n g r o u t in e ;
p la n s th e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d t o e f f i c i e n t l y u t il iz e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m
in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d e n d p r o d u c t s .

25
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S — C o n t in u e d

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S ---- C o n t in u e d

A t t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m i n g i s d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d t o
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d b u t d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s a n d d i v e r s e d a t a e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y a n d e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t i o n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s
s u c h a c t i o n s a s d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b l is h m e n t o f
li n k a g e p o i n t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d ju s t m e n t s t o d a t a w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , a n d s u b s t a n t ia l m a n ip u la t io n a n d r e s e q u e n c i n g o f d a ta e le m e n t s
to f o r m a h ig h ly in te g r a te d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t io n a l d i r e c t i o n t o l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s w h o a r e

a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le se g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l ly
p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e d a t a in t w o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
a n d l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e f i n i n g , a d a p t in g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d i t io n s t o o r
d e l e t i o n s f r o m in p u t d a t a w h ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a il a b l e .
W h i le n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a ta h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o th a t t h e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c i n g
o f d a t a c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a f e w r o u t i n e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , th e p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith
ro u tin e r e c o r d -k e e p in g ty p e o p e r a t io n s .
OR
W o r k s o n c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h i g h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r b y in d e p e n d e n t ly p e r ­
fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta sk s u n d er fa ir ly c lo s e
d ir e c t io n .
M a y g u id e o r

in s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s .

C la s s C .
M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p l i c a t i o n s o f p r o g r a m i n g p r a c t i c e s a n d c o n c e p t s u s u a l ly
l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a in i n g c o u r s e s . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d t o d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in th e
a p p l ic a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s t o r o u t i n e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o n n e w
a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d t o , v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w it h
re q u ire d p r o c e d u r e s .

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S
A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g th e m b y u s e o f e le c t r o n ic
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t . D e v e l o p s a c o m p l e t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d t o e n a b le
p r o g r a m e r s t o p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d i g it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g ;
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s t o b e a u t o m a t e d a n d i d e n t i f i e s c o n d it i o n s a n d c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d
to a ch ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c ifie s n u m b e r and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i le s , and d o cu m e n ts to
b e u s e d ; o u t li n e s a c t i o n s t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a il f o r
p r e s e n t a t i o n t o m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f w o r k a n d
d a t a f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s a n d p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f
n e w a n d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s t o . o b t a in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l
o p e r a t i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o g r a m i n g s h o u l d b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is i s t h e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)

m a in t a in in g a c c o u n t s 'r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l is h m e n t , o r m a in t a in in g i n v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u fa c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t .) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e
th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f th e
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s t o b e a p p l ie d .
OR
W o r k s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d f o r
c l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o n r o u t i n e a s s i g n m e n t s a n d r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e
o n c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w it h i n ­
s t r u c t i o n s , a n d t o i n s u r e p r o p e r , a li n e m e n t w it h th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C l a s s C . W o r k s u n d e r im m e d ia t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g o u t a n a l y s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a l ly
o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e l o p a n d e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e
in t h e a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s a n d s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a il e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s f r o m in f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y t h e h i g h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .
DRAFTSM AN
C l a s s A . F l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w it h t h e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n t h e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c t io n , a n d p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p on en ts and p a r ts .
W o r k s w it h a m in i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w it h p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t io n s .
M ay
e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d ir e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y lo w e r le v e l d r a fts m e n .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t in e a n d c o m p l e x d r a f t in g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n i q u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y in ­
v o lv e su ch w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k i n g d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w it h i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt i p l e f u n c t i o n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u il d i n g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f fo u n d a t i o n s , w a l l
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r i a l s t o b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s in it ia l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a cy .
C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f s i n g le u n it s o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u fa c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
( d e p i c t in g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v i e w s t o c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f
co m p o n e n ts and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e ta ils fr o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p l ic a b l e
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w it h i n it ia l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e le s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F TSM AN - T R A C E R
C o p i e s p la n s a n d d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c i n g t r a c i n g c l o t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w i n g s a n d t r a c i n g w it h p e n o r p e n c i l .
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d t o p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u i r in g c l o s e d e l in e a t i o n .)
A N D /O R

D o e s n o t i n c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g (E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w it h
s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F or w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

sy stem s

a n a ly s ts

a re

c la s s ifie d

E L E C T R O N IC

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s
in v o l v i n g a l l p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s . P r o b l e m s a r e c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s
o f in p u t d a ta a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a ta . ( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e ­
g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d u l in g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h t y p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d t h r o u g h th e f u l l s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s
a n d a p p r o p r i a t e fo l lo w u p a c t i o n s a r e in it ia t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n ­
c e r n e d to d e te r m in e th e da ta p r o c e s s in g p r o b l e m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on
th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a t a p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes r e c o m ­
m e n d a t io n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l la t io n s o r c h a n g e s a n d f o r
o b t a in in g e q u ip m e n t .
M a y p r o v i d e fu n c t io n a l
a s s is t.

d ir e c t io n

to lo w e r le v e l s y s te m s

a n a ly s ts w h o a r e

a s s ig n e d

to

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n p r o b l e m s th a t a r e
r e la t iv e ly u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , an d o p e r a t e . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d
c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a t a a r e h o m o g e n e o u s a n d th e ou tp u t d a ta a r e c l o s e l y
re la te d .
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k ,




P r e p a r e s s im p le
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

or

r e p e t it iv e

d ra w in g s

o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d

ite m s .

W o rk is

c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

T E C H N IC IA N

W o r k s o n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r m o r e
o f th e f o l l o w i n g o p e r a t i o n s : M o d if y i n g , in s t a l li n g , r e p a i r i n g , a n d o v e r h a u li n g . T h e s e o p e r a t i o n s
r e q u i r e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f m o s t o r a l l o f th e f o l l o w i n g t a s k s :
A s s e m b l i n g , t e s t i n g , a d ju s t in g ,
c a l i b r a t i n g , tu n in g , a n d a lin in g .
W o r k i s n o n r e p e t it i v e a n d r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e o f th e t h e o r y a n d p r a c t i c e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p e r t a i n in g t o th e u s e o f g e n e r a l a n d s p e c i a l i z e d e l e c t r o n i c t e s t e q u ip m e n t ; t r o u b l e a n a l y s i s ; a n d
th e o p e r a t i o n , r e l a t i o n s h i p , a n d a li n e m e n t o f e l e c t r o n i c s y s t e m s , s u b s y s t e m s , a n d c i r c u i t s h a v in g
a v a r ie t y o f co m p o n e n t p a rts .
E l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s w o r k e d o n t y p i c a l l y in c lu d e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
G r o u n d , v e h i c l e , o r a ir b o r n e r a d i o c o m m u n i c a t io n s s y s t e m s , r e l a y s y s t e m s , n a v i g a t i o n a id s ;
a i r b o r n e o r g r o u n d r a d a r s y s t e m s ; r a d i o and t e l e v i s i o n t r a n s m i t t in g o r r e c o r d i n g s y s t e m s ; e l e c ­
t r o n i c c o m p u t e r s ; m i s s i l e a n d s p a c e c r a f t g u id a n c e a n d c o n t r o l s y s t e m s ; i n d u s t r ia l a n d m e d i c a l
m e a s u r i n g , in d ic a t i n g , a n d c o n t r o l l i n g d e v i c e s ; e t c .
( E x c lu d e p r o d u c t i o n a s s e m b l e r s a n d t e s t e r s , c r a f t s m e n , d r a f t s m e n , d e s i g n e r s , e n g i n e e r s ,
a n d r e p a i r m e n o f s u c h s t a n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t a s o f f i c e m a c h i n e s , r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n
r e c e iv in g s e t s .)

26
N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )

N U R S E , I N D U S T R I A L ( R e g i s t e r e d ) ---- C o n t in u e d

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n t o i l l o r
i n ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c i d e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t ie s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
G iv in g f i r s t a id
t o th e i l l o r i n ju r e d ; a t te n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s

o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f a p p l ic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o l v i n g h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t i e s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g
a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a v a r i e t y
o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g
sta n d a rd sh o p co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l
e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t in g w r i t t e n
i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t 's
h a n d t o o l s a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t i n g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ;
s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n ­
s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w l e d g e o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f
th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h is w o r k ;
a n d f it t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in t o m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c t io n s s u c h a s th e in s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l lo w i n g :
I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y
o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g
f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , la y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d i a g n o s in g t r o u b l e in
t h e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s
o f w i r i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o l s a n d m e a s u r i n g
a n d t e s t i n g in s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f t h e m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t i o n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w it h p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
O p e r a t i n g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t i n g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y in g m o r e th a n o n e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s t o f u r n i s h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w it h h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r ste a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y han d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
and c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .
H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S
A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t i e s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p l ie d w it h m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c l e a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o ls ; and p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s a s d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s f r o m tra d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fi n e d t o s u p p ly in g , li f t i n g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c l e a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e is p e r m i t t e d t o p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll-t im e b a s is .
M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t i o n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s ,
e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f
m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g
a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p l i c a t e d s e t u p s o r
a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , a n d o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t i o n
to a c h ie v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o ls n eed
d r e s s i n g , t o d r e s s t o o l s , a n d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s a n d c u t t in g a n d l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s .
F or
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d ie j o b b in g
s h o p s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .




M E C H A N I C , A U T O M O T I V E (M a in t e n a n c e )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o t i v e e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s ­
a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o l v e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o l s a s w r e n c h e s ,
g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fi t t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r
d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g a n d a d ju s t in g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l li n g th e v a r i o u s
a s s e m b l i e s in t h e v e h i c l e a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e l s , a d ju s t in g b r a k e s
a n d l i g h t s , o r t ig h t e n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o t i v e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N I C , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s m a n t li n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t li n g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in l y in v o l v e th e u s e
o f h a n d t o o l s in s c r a p i n g a n d fi t t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w it h i t e m s o b t a in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e t o a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c t i o n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t i o n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t ie s
i n v o l v e s e t t i n g up o r a d ju s t in g m a c h i n e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a ll s n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r h e a v y
e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f th e w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y
o f h a n d t o o l s a n d r i g g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o s t r e s s e s , s t r e n g t h o f
m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lin in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s ,
e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a l li n g a n d m a in t a in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s
a r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P A I N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k in v o l v e s
th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a ­
t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in t in g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r b y p l a c in g p u tt y o r f i l l e r in n a il
h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w it h s p r a y g u n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s , w h it e
le a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t in g r e d i e n t s t o o b t a in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e
m a in t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
I n s t a ll s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p i p e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in an
e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : L a y in g o u t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g t o l o c a t e
p o s i t i o n o f p i p e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u t t in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p i p e t o
c o r r e c t le n g t h s w it h c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d in g
p i p e w it h s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p i p e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g

27
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n t in u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R

p i p e w it h c o u p li n g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p i p e t o h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o
p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , a n d s i z e o f p i p e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n ­
is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f t h e m a in t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l li n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u il d i n g s a n it a t io n
o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r t h e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x t u r e s
( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l
r o o f i n g ) o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t a l l
t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g
up a n d o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g m a c h i n e s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls
in c u t t in g , b e n d i n g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f i t t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d in s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s
as r e q u ire d .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

(D i e m a k e r ; j i g

m a k e r ; t o o l m a k e r ; fix tu re m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r)

C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , jig s , fix tu r e s o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
P la n n in g and
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d t o o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f t h e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n s i o n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d t o o l i n g o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e ll as o f fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s f o a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; w o rk in g to c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fi t t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s t o p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a l l o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a in i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

shops

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

t o o l and

d ie m a k e r s in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V I N G

GUARD AND W ATCH M AN
G uard.
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r a t f i x e d p o s t o r o n t o u r , m a in t a in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d at g a t e
a n d c h e c k o n id e n t it y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r i n g .
W a tch m a n .
M a k es rou n d s o f p r e m is e s
t h e ft , a n d i l l e g a l e n t r y .
JA N IT O R ,

PORTER,

(S w e e p e r ;

OR

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t i n g

p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e ,

CLEANER

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d is r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a te r ia ls .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a il a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , a n d r a t e ; a n d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p ­
m en t.
R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g t h e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n t s a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e j e c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t i n g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s t o p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a in t a in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .

ch a rw om a n ; ja n itre s s )
F o r w age

C le a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d it i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b i n g , a n d p o l is h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g
c h i p s , t r a s h , a n d o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h in g m e t a l fi x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id i n g s u p p l ie s a n d m in o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

CLERK

M A T E R IA L

H A N D L IN G

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g

w ork ers

a re

c la s s if ie d as fo llo w s :

cle rk

T R U C K D R IV E R

( L o a d e r a n d u n l o a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u se m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r)
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t , s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t
w h o s e d u tie s in v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r i a l s and
m e r c h a n d i s e o n o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e l v in g ,
o r p l a c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r ..s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x clu d e d .

D r i v e s a t r u c k w it h in a c i t y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c t u r in g p l a n t s , fr e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l is h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w it h o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k i n g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r -t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a re e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d t y p e
as fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)

o f e q u ip m e n t ,

O R D E R F IL L E R
(O rd e r p ic k e r ;

stock

s e le c to r ; w areh ou se

stock m a n )

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s o n s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d it io n
t o f i l l i n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a t in g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t io n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l ie s t o s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u t i e s .

T r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b i n a t i o n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r 1V2 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (l V 2 t o a n d in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a ile r type)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r t y p e )

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s fi n is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g t h e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its t o b e p a c k e d , th e t y p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p l o y e d , a n d m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t . W o r k r e q u i r e s th e
p l a c in g o f it e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s a n d m a y in v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e t y p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a li n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g id e n t ify in g
d a ta o n c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c l u d e d .




O p era tes a
tr a n s p o r t g o o d s and
e s t a b l is h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d
g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t , o r o t h e r

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a f e c l a s s i f i e d b y t y p e o f t r u c k , a s f o l l o w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

pow er
pow er

( f o r k l if t )
(o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t )

Available On Request----T h e f o l l o w i n g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n i s t e r i n g th e S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1 9 6 5 .
a v a i l a b l e a t n o c o s t w h i l e s u p p l i e s l a s t f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s s h o w n on t h e i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A b ilen e, T e x .
A lask a
A lb any , Ga.
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A m arillo , Tex.
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A u g u s t a , G a . —S . C .
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B a k e r s f ie ld , C alif.
B aton R ouge, L a .
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B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , an d S t a m f o r d , Conn.
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C o lo r a d o S p r i n g s , C olo.
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S
W
D u r h a m , N .C .
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M
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
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L
F o r t S m i t h , A r k . —O k l a .
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H
G r e a t F a l l s , M o n t.
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W
H
H a rrisb u rg , P a.
H a r t fo r d , Conn.
H u n tsv ille, A la.

C o p ie s of p u b lic r e l e a s e s

K n o x v ille , Term.
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L a s V e g a s , Nev.
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M e rid ian , M is s .
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G
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V
P a n a m a C ity , F la .
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Stockton, C alif.
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N
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W i l m i n g t o n , D e l . — . J . —M d .
N

T h e e l e v e n t h a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , c h i e f a c c o u n t a n t s , a t t o r n e y s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l ,
b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g in e e rin g te c h n ic ia n s , d r a f t s m e n , and c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s . O r d e r a s B L S B u lle t in 1693, N atio n a l
S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , a n d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 1 9 7 0 , $ 1 .0 0 a c o p y , f r o m th e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f
D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f ic e , W a sh in g to n , D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 , o r an y o f its r e g io n a l s a l e s o f f ic e s .




* U. S. G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F I C E : 1971 O -

423-466 ( 11)

are

A rea W age

Surveys

A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t of the W age an d H o u r D i v i s i o n of the D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t of
D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r f r o m an y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on the i n s i d e fro n t c o v e r .

A rea

Bu lletin num ber
and p r i c e

A k r o n , O h io , J u l y 1970_________________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 8 8 ,
A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N . Y . , F e b . 1970--------------- 1 6 6 0 - 5 1 ,
S
T
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1 -------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 5 5 ,
A lle n to w n — e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . — . J . , M a y 1970
B
N
1660-83,
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1970 1------------------------------------1660-76,
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g. 1970 1 ---------------------------- .------- 1685- 18,
B e a u m o n t - P o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 0 -------- 1 6 6 0 - 8 4 ,
O
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 _____ ____________ ___ — ---- 1 6 8 5 - 6 ,
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1970_-------------- -------- --------- 1 6 6 0 - 5 7 ,
B o i s e C i ty , Idaho, N ov. 1970 1 ------- -----------------------.— 1 6 8 5 - 2 1 ,
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A ug. 1970 1 ---------------------------- .---------- 1685-1 1,
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t. 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------- ------- 1 6 6 0 - 2 9 ,
B u r l i n g t o n , Vt», M a r . 1970-------------------- ,------------------ 1 6 6 0 - 5 3 ,
C an to n , O h io, M a y 1970 1_____________ ____________ _____ 1 6 6 0 - 8 1 ,
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1970 1----------------------------------1 6 6 0 - 6 8 ,
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1970 1 — ___-_____ _____________ 1 6 6 0 - 6 1 ,
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n .— a . , S e p t . 1970 1 ----------------- ------ 1 6 8 5 - 1 0 ,
G
C h i c a g o , 111,, J u n e 1970------------.-------------- ------------- -— 1 6 6 0 - 9 0 ,
C i n c in n a t i , Ohicr-Ky.—I n d . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 —------ ,___.— ------ 1 6 6 0 - 4 9 ,
C l e v e l a n d , O h io, S e p t . 1969------- _____--------- .-------- ------- 1 6 6 0 - 2 2 ,
C o l u m b u s , O h io, O c t. 1969—-------------- —
--------- ,— 1 6 6 0 - 2 7 ,
D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t. 1 9 6 9 ______________ _________ _________ 1 6 6 0 - 2 3 ,
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o l i n e , Iowa—111.,
R
M
O ct. 1969 1 ____________________________ ______________ -___ 1 6 6 0 - 2 0 ,
D ay to n , O hio, D e c . 1 9 6 9 _________
—_____ 1 6 6 0 - 3 7 ,
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1969 1____________________ __ __
1660-41,
D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a y 1970 1 ----------------------- —------- 1 6 6 0 - 7 3 ,
D e t r o i t , M i c h ., F e b . 1 9 7 0 __________________________ _— 1 6 6 0 - 5 8 ,
F o r t W o rth, T e x . , O ct. 1969_____________ ._____________ 1 6 6 0 - 1 8 ,
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1970 1----------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 4 ,
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 7 0 -------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 7 9 ,
H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1970---------------- ,------------------------ 1 6 6 0 - 6 7 ,
I n d i a n a p o l i s , Ind., O ct. 1969—__________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 2 5 ,
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 1970------------,------ --------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 3 9 ,
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 9 _________________________
1660-35,
K a n s a s C i ty , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t . 1970 1_________________ 1 6 8 5 - 1 6 ,
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — .H ., J u n e 1970 1----------- 1 6 6 0 - 8 2 ,
N
L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 1------ 1665- 1,
N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e im — a n t a AnarS
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1970____________________
1660-64,
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—I n d . , N ov. 1969 1______________________ 1 6 6 0 - 2 8 ,
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1970 1_________.___________________ 1 6 6 0 - 5 0 ,
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u l y 1970 1 ________ ________________
1685-2,
M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , N ov. 1969 1 _________________ .
1660-31,
M i a m i , F l a . , Nov. 1 9 6 9 ________________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 3 2 ,
M id la n d an d O d e s s a , T e x . , J a n . 1970 1 -------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 4 4 ,
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1 9 7 0 1__________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 7 4 ,
M in n eap olis—
St. P a u l , M in n ., J a n . 1970 1 ____________ 1 6 6 0 - 4 6 ,

30
30
35
35
50
50
30
30
30
35
50
45
25
35
35
40
35
60

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
35 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
45
40
35
35
40
30
35
50
50

D ata o n esta blish m en t p r a c tic e s and sup plem en tary w a g e provision s are also presented.




c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents

A rea
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h ., J u n e 1970 1____
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , J a n . 1970 1 ____________
New H a v e n , C o n n ., J a n . 1970 1_________________________
N ew O r l e a n s , L a . , J a n . 1970___________________________
New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1 9 7 0 1-----------------------------------N o r f o l k r - P o r t s m o u t h an d N e w p o r t N e w s —
H a m p t o n , V a . , J a n . 1970 1 ------------------ ------------------O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1970------------------------------O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , S e p t . 1970 1------------------------------P a t e r s o r r - C l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , J u n e 1970 1 ------------P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J . , Nov. 1969 1___________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1970 1-------------------------------------P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 7 0 1____________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N ov. 1970___ _________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — a s h . , M a y 1970 1-------------------------W
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t - W a r w i c k , R .I .— a s s . ,
P
M
M a y 1 9 7 0 ____________________________________________ -__
R a l e i g h , N . C . , Aug. 1970 --------- -------- -------------------R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1------------------------------------R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . ( o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only),
A u g . 1970_________________________ ______________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1970 1 ---------------------------------------St. L o u i s , Mo.—
111., M a r . 1970_________________________
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U tah, N ov. 1969 1-----------------------------S a n A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1970-----------------------------------San B e rn a rd in c r- R iv e rsid e — n tario , C a lif.,
O
D a e . 1969_______________________________________________
S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1970___________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O ct. 1969 1 --------------O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , A u g. 1970--------------------------------------S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1970 1---------------------------------------S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1970 1 ---------------------------------------S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , J a n . 1970---------------------------E
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., S e p t . 1969-------------------------------South B e n d , Ind., M a r . 1 9 7 0 1___-------------------------------S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1970 1 -----------------------------------S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 ---------------------------------------Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , N o v . 1970--------------------T o l e d o , O h i o - M i c h . , F e b . 1970--------------------------------T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t . 1 9 7 0 1 _____________________________
U t i c a - R o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 __________________________
W a s h in g t o n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , S e p t . 1969 1-------------------W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1970 1--------------------------------W a t e r l o o , Iow a, J a n . 1 9 7 0 ---------------------------------------W ic h it a , K a n s . , A p r . 1970 1 -------------------------------------W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1 9 7 0 1 _________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 1__________________________________
Y o u n g s to w n — a r r e n , O hio, Nov. 1969 1--------------------W

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1660-85,
1660-47,
1660-40,
1660-42,
1660-89,

35
50
35
30
75

cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents

1660-59,
1685-5,
1685-14,
1660-87,
1660-48,
1660-70,
1660-60,
1685-19,
1660-77,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
60 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s

1660-72,
1685-12,
1660-65,

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
40 c e n ts

1685-7,
1660-75,
1660-66,
1660-30,
1660-71,

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
40 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s

1660-43,
1685-20,
1660-33,
1685-13,
1660-80,
1685-3,
1660-52,
1660-14,
1660-62,
1660-86,
1685-8,
1685- 17,
1660-56,
1685- 15,
1685-9,
1660-19,
1660-54,
1660-45,
1660-69,
1660-78,
1660-63,
1660-38,

30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
50 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
50 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
35 c e n ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
W A SHING TO N, D.C.

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