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1

w m im r

Area Wage Survey

The

F ort

W o r t h , T e x a s , M e tr o p o lita n

A rea

October 1969

Bulletin

1 6 6 0 -1 8




U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S

REGION
VIII

r e g io n

tow*

I nebr

~ — L ? REGION VII

O LA
K

C h ic a g o

TENN
VIRGIN ISLANDS

Atlanta
D a lla s

PUERTO RICO
R eg io n II
341 Ninth A ve.
New York, N. Y. 10001
Phone: 9 7 1 -5 4 0 5 (Area Code 212)

R eg io n III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
P h ilad elp h ia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 5 9 7 -7 7 9 6 (Area Code 215)

R egion IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
A tlan ta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 5 2 6 -5 4 1 8 (Area Code 404)

R egion VI
R egion V
337 M ayflow er Building
219 South Dearborn St.
411 North Akard St.
C h icago, 111. 60604
D alla s, T ex . 75201
Phone: 3 5 3 -7 2 3 0 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 7 4 9 -3 5 1 6 (Area Code 214)

R egions VII and VIII
Federal O ffice Building
911 W alnut St. , 10th Floor
Kansas C ity, Mo. 64106
Phone: 3 7 4 -2 4 8 1 (Area Code 816)

R egions IX and X
450 G olden Gate A ve.
Box 36017
San Francisco, C alif. 94102
Phone: 5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (Area Code 415)

R eg io n I
1603-B Federal Building
G overnm ent Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 2 2 3 -6 7 6 2 (Area Code

* R egions VII and VIII w ill be serv iced by Kansas C ity.
**
 R egions IX and X w ill be serv iced by San Francisco.


A re a W a g e Su rvey

The Fort Worth, Texas, Metropolitan Area




October 1969

Bulletin 1660-18
January 19 7 0

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 30 cents




P reface

C ontents
Page

T h e B u re a u of L a b o r S ta tis tic s p r o g r a m of an n u al
o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s is d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o v i d e d a ta o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b ­
lish m e n t p r a c tic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p ro v isio n s.
It
y ield s d e ta ile d d ata by se le c te d in d u s try d iv isio n for each
of the a r e a s s tu d ie d , fo r g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s , an d fo r th e
U n ited S ta te s.
A m a j o r c o n s id e r a tio n in th e p r o g r a m is
th e n e e d fo r g r e a t e r in s ig h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t of w a g e s
by o c c u p a tio n a l c a te g o r y an d s k ill le v e l, an d (2) th e s t r u c ­
tu r e and le v e l of w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and in d u s try d iv isio n s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n _________________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ______________________________
T ab les:
1.
2.

A.

At th e end of e a c h s u rv e y , an in d iv id u al a r e a b u l­
le tin p r e s e n ts su rv e y r e s u lts fo r each a r e a stu d ied .
A fter
c o m p le tio n of a ll of the in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s fo r a ro u n d
of s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
The first
b r in g s d a ta fo r e a c h of th e m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s s tu d ie d in to
one b u lletin .
T h e se c o n d p r e s e n ts in fo rm a tio n w h ich h a s
b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to
r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d th e U n ite d S t a t e s .
N in e ty a r e a s c u r r e n tl y a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
gram .
In e a c h a r e a , in f o rm a tio n on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
is c o lle c te d a n n u a lly and on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s and
su p p le m e n ta ry w age p ro v isio n s bien n ially .

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in sc o p e of s u rv e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d __________________________________________________________
In d ex es of sta n d a rd w eek ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t- tim e
h o u rly e a rn in g s for se le c te d o ccu p atio n al g ro u p s, and
p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ____________________________
O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s:
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n ___________________________
m
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d
m
w o m e n _____________________________________________________________
A - 3. O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d ____________________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________

A p p en d ix .

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _________________________________________

T h is b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s of th e s u r v e y in
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , in O c t o b e r 1969.
T he S tan d ard M e tr o ­
p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d by th e B u r e a u of th e
B u d g et th ro u g h J a n u a ry 1968, c o n s is ts of Jo h n so n and
T a r r a n t C o u n ties.
T h is stu d y w a s c o n d u c te d by th e B u ­
r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o ffic e in D a l l a s , T e x . , u n d e r th e g e n e r a l
d ir e c tio n of B oyd B. O 'N e a l, A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r
O p eratio n s.




1
3

areas.

iii

NOTE:
S im ila r tab u latio n s
(See in s id e b a c k c o v e r .)

are

av ailab le

for

o th er

2

4

5
8
9
10
11
13




Area Wage Survey
The Fort Worth, Tex., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 90 i n w h ic h t h e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
and re la te d b en efits on an a re a w id e b a s i s .1

t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2)
in d iv id u al e s ta b lis h m e n t data.

is

p o ssib ility

of

d isc lo su re

of

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t a n d e a rn in g s d a ta a r e show n fo r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k ly s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a rn in g s d a ta ex clu d e p r e ­
m iu m p ay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s, and late
sh ifts. N o n p ro d u c tio n b o n u se s a r e e x clu d ed , but c o s t-o f-liv in g a llo w ­
a n c e s and in c en tiv e e a rn in g s a r e in clu d ed . W h ere w e e k ly h o u rs a r e
r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to th e s t a n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k (ro u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) fo r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s
r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r
o v e rtim e at re g u la r a n d /o r p re m iu m ra te s ). A v e ra g e w eek ly e a rn in g s
fo r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s h a v e b e e n ro u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts c u r r e n t o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a rn in g s in fo rm a tio n o b tain ed la r g e ly by m a il f ro m th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
v is ite d by B u re a u fie ld e c o n o m is ts in th e la s t p r e v io u s s u r v e y fo r
o c c u p a tio n s r e p o r te d in th a t e a r l i e r stu d y . P e r s o n a l v is its w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n ts an d to th o s e r e s p o n d e n ts r e p o r tin g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
sin c e th e p re v io u s su rv ey .
In e a c h a r e a , d a ta a r e o b ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
lish m e n ts w ith in six b ro a d in d u stry d iv isio n s:
M a n u fa c tu rin g ; t r a n s ­
p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ;
r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s .
M ajo r
in d u s try g ro u p s ex clu d ed f r o m th e s e stu d ie s a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a ­
tio n s and th e c o n s tru c tio n and e x tra c tiv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts
h a v in g f e w e r t h a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
th e y te n d to f u r n is h in su ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d
to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a t e ta b u l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r , e a c h of
the b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

T he a v e ra g e s p r e s e n te d re fle c t co m p o site , are a w id e e s ti­
m ates.
In d u strie s and e s ta b lish m e n ts
d if fe r in p a y le v e l an d jo b
sta ffin g a n d , th u s , c o n tr ib u te d if f e r e n tly to th e e s t i m a t e s fo r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b ta in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y t h e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g jo b s in
in d iv id u al e s ta b lis h m e n ts . S im ila r ly , d if f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y le v e ls
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y of th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s sh o u ld not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t of th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u al e s ta b lis h m e n ts . O th e r p o s s ib le f a c to r s w h ich m a y c o n tr ib ­
u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in c lu d e :
D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s , sin c e on ly th e a c tu a l r a t e s
p a id in c u m b e n ts a r e c o lle c te d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c if ic d u tie s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c la s s if ie d a p p r o p r ia te ly w ith in th e
s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d th a n th o s e u se d
in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts an d allow fo r m in o r d if f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e s p e c ific d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
To
o b ta in o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e t h a n of s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s t u d i e d .
In c o m b in in g th e d a ta ,
h o w e v e r, all e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv en th e ir a p p ro p ria te w eig h t.
E s­
ti m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e la tin g to all e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e in d u s tr y g ro u p in g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r th o s e b elo w th e m in im u m s iz e stu d ie d .
O c c u p a tio n s and E a rn in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c te d fo r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
of m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e of th e f o l ­
lo w in g ty p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ; (3)
m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t . *
O c c u p a tio n a l c la s s if ic a tio n is b a s e d on a u n ifo rm se t of job d e s c r i p ­
tio n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t of i n t e r e s t a b l is h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u tie s
w ith in the s a m e job.
T he o c c u p a tio n s s e le c te d fo r stu d y a r e lis te d
a n d d e s c r ib e d in th e ap p e n d ix .
T h e e a r n i n g s d a ta fo llo w in g th e jo b
t i t l e s a r e fo r a ll i n d u s t r i e s c o m b in e d . E a r n i n g s d a ta f o r s o m e of th e
o ccu p a tio n s lis te d and d e s c rib e d , o r fo r so m e in d u s try d iv isio n s w ith in
o c c u p a tio n s , a r e not p r e s e n te d in th e A - s e r i e s ta b le s b e c a u s e e ith e r
(1) e m p l o y m e n t i n t h e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t th e to ta l in a ll
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e of th e s tu d y a n d n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e of d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , th e e s tim a te s of o ccu p atio n al e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m
th e s a m p le of e s t a b l is h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te th e r e l a t i v e
i m p o r t a n c e of th e jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d iffe re n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l
s t r u c t u r e do n o t a ffe c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y of th e e a r n in g s d ata.
E sta b lish m e n t P ra c tic e s and S u p p lem en tary W age P ro v is io n s
T a b u la tio n s on s e le c te d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s and su p p le ­
m e n t a r y w ag e p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a r e not p r e s e n te d in th is
b u lletin .
I n fo r m a tio n fo r th e s e ta b u la tio n s is c o lle c te d b ie n n ia lly .
T h e se ta b u la tio n s on m in im u m e n tra n c e s a la r ie s fo r in e x p e rie n c e d
w o m e n o ffice w o r k e r s ; sh ift d if fe r e n tia ls ; sc h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ; paid
h o lid a y s; p aid v a c a tio n s; and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p lan s a r e
p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r t h i s a r e a .

1 I n c lu d e d in th e 9 0 a re a s a re fo u r s tu d ie s c o n d u c te d u n d e r c o n tr a c t w ith th e N ew Y o rk S ta te
D e p a r tm e n t o f L ab o r. T h e se a re a s a re B in g h a m to n (N e w Y o rk p o r tio n o n ly ); R o c h e s te r ( o f f ic e o c c u ­
p a tio n s o n ly ); S y ra c u s e ; a n d U t i c a — R o n le . In a d d it i o n , th e B u reau c o n d u c ts m o re l i m i t e d a r e a stu d ie s
in 78 a re a s a t th e r e q u e s t o f th e W a g e a n d H o u r a n d P u b lic C o n tr a c ts D iv isio n s o f th e U .S . D e ­
p a r t m e n t o f L abor.




th e re

1




T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W it h i n S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S t u d i e d i n F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , 1
b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D iv is io n , 2 O c to b e r 1969

M in i m u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts in sc o p e
o f s tu d y

I n d u s tr y d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

____ __________

___

__

M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_
_
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 -----------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e 6 _______________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ^ ___________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 ______
S e r v ic e s 6 7
____
_ _

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

W ith in s c o p e
o f s tu d y *

.

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
N um be r

P e rce n t

504

138

1 3 3 ,'9 8 8

100

9 1 ,6 9 2

-

215
289

57
81

8 3 ,8 6 4
5 0 , 124

63
37

6 2 ,1 7 3
2 9 ,5 1 9

50
50
50
50
50

39
54
107
44
45

14
12
26
13
16

1 2 ,3 3 9
4 , 578
2 2 ,0 1 9
6 ,2 2 2
4 ,9 6 6

9
3
16
5
4

9 , 150
1 ,2 8 0
13, 544
3 , 015
2, 530

50

1 T h e F o r t W o rth S ta n d a r d M e tr o p o lita n S t a ti s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u of th e B u d g e t th ro u g h J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s is ts of J o h n s o n
a n d T a r r a n t C o u n t i e s . T h e " w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e s i z e a n d
c o m p o s itio n of th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u rv e y .
T h e e s ti m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s of c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r
e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r t h e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p l a n n i n g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s t h e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a
c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y i n a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n of th e S ta n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s if ic a tio n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c la s s if y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 I n c lu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A l l o u t l e t s ( w i th i n t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h
i n d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s ta b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t ( w i th i n t h e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e t h e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 T a x ic a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c id e n ta l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is i n d u s t r y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s ti m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c tu r in g " in th e S e r ie s A t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n
o f d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o ll o w i n g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p l o y m e n t in t h e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a
t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) t h e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o te ls a n d m o te l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ;
n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d in g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g i n e e r i n g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

A lm o s t t h r e e - f i f t h s of th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e of th e s u r v e y in th e F o r t W o rth a r e a
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c tu r in g f i r m s .
T h e f o ll o w i n g p r e s e n t s t h e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s
a n d s p e c if ic i n d u s tr ie s a s a p e r c e n t of a ll m a n u f a c tu r in g :
In d u stry g ro u p s
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ______ 55
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s —___ 9
M a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l __ 9
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _____ 5

S p e c if ic in d u s t r ie s
A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s _______________ 4 7
C o n s tru c tio n an d r e la te d
m a c h i n e r y _______________________7
M o to r v e h i c l e s a n d e q u i p m e n t — 6
M e a t p r o d u c t s ____________________ 4

T h is i n f o r m a tio n is b a s e d o n e s ti m a t e s of t o ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a ls c o m p ile d p r io r to a c tu a l s u rv e y .
P r o p o r tio n s in v a r io u s in d u s tr y d iv is io n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n t h e r e s u l t s o f t h e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
i n a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
T he i n d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s a t a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r in g t h e b a s e p e r i o d (d a t e o f t h e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 an d Ju n e 1 9 6 1 ).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x
y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m t h e b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a te of the i n d e x .
The p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e tw e e n the in d ic a ted d a t e s .
T hese e stim a te s are
m e a s u r e s of c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e not i n t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e pay c h a n g e s in t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r t h e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e of e a rn in g s for o v e r t im e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s , ex clu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late sh ifts .
T he p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s an d i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w it h i n
ea ch group.

L i m i t a t i o n s o f D ata

M eth o d o f C o m p u t i n g
E a c h of the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w i t h i n a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h ese con stan t w eigh ts r e fle c t b a s e year
em ploym en ts w h erev er p o ssib le .
The a v e r a g e ( m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y t h e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , an d th e
p ro d u cts for a ll o c cu p a tio n s in the gro u p w e r e to ta le d . The a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r by the a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
T he r e s u l t a n t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s t h e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e i n d e x
i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y th e r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r and c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y (c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e r a g e e a rn in g s
f o r th e f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :

T h e i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s o f
c h a n g e i n a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e i n th e s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s i n th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , an d c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r ­
tio n s of w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith d iffe r e n t pay l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s i n t h e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s i n the
o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s without a c tu a l w age c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
that e v e n though a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d eclin ed b e c a u se lo w e r-p a y in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila rly , w ages
m a y have r e m a in e d r e la t iv e ly co n sta n t, y e t the a v e r a g e s fo r an a r ea
m a y have r is e n c o n sid e r a b ly b e c a u se h ig h er-p a y in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

O ffic e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ): O ffic e c le r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) — 2>Kinecl m a i n t e n a n c e { m e n ;:
B ookke e p in g - m a c h in e
C o n tin u e d
C a r p e n te r s
o p e ra to rs , c la s s B
S e c r e ta r ie s
E le c tr ic ia n s
C le rk s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s e s
M a c h in is ts
S te n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e r a l
A and B
S te n o g ra p h e rs , s e n io r
M e c h a n ic s
C le ik s , f i l e , c la s s e s
S w itc h b o a r d o p e ra to rs , c la s s e s
M e c h a n ic s ( a u t o m o ti v e )
A , B, a n d C
A and B
P a in te r s
C le ik s , o r d e r
T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e ra to rs ,
P ip e f itte r s
C le ik s , p a y ro ll
c la s s B
T o o l a n d d ie m a k e rs
T y p is ts , c la s s e s A a n d B
C o m p to m e te r o p e ra to rs
K e y p u n c h o p e ra to rs , c la s s e s
U n s k ille d p l a n t (m e n ) :
A and B
In d u s tr ia l n u rse s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ):
J a n ito rs , p o r te r s , a n d c le a n e r s
O ffic e boys a n d g irls
N u rse s, in d u s tr ia l ( r e g is te r e d )
L a b o re rs , m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g




T h e u s e of c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s i n t h e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d i n th e d a t a .
The p e r c e n t a g e s of c h an ge r e f l e c t only c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y fo r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m pay
for o v e r tim e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s i n the s c o p e of the s u r v e y .

3

4

T a b l e 2. I n d e x e s o f S t a n d a r d W e e k l y S a l a r i e s and S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r l y E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a t i o n a l G r o u p s
i n F o r t W o r th , T e x . , O c t o b e r 1969 and N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 8 , and P e r c e n t s o f C h a n g e 1 f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
A ll in d u stries
P e r io d

O ffice
c le ric a l
( m e n and
wom en)

In d u str ia l
nurses
( m e n and
women)

M anufacturing

S k illed
m aintenance
trades
(m e n )

U n sk illed
plant
w orkers
( m en )

O ffice
c le r ic a l
( m e n and
wom en)

In d u strial
nurses
( m e n and
wom en)

S k illed
m aintenance
trades
(m en)

U n sk illed
p la n t
w orkers
( m en )

In d ex es (N o v e m b e r 1960*100)
O c t o b e r 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------------N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 8 -----------------------------------------

15 0 .2
1 4 1 .7

1 4 8 .8
1 3 4 .8

1 4 9 .0
137.2

15 8 .2
15 0 .6

(2)
(2 )

1 4 8 .8
134.1

1 4 6 .8
1 3 4 .8

1 4 5 .8
1 3 6 .9

11.0
4 .8
5 .5
6 .7
3 .4
3.1
2 .3
4.8
3—.5
1.0

8 .9
4.4
4 .9
3.7
3.9
4 .6
3.2
2.1
3.6
3 .4

6 .5
9 .0
5 .8
5 .0
6.8
3- . l
2 .9
3—1.0
4 .0
3.9

P e r c e n t s of c h a n g e 1
Novem ber
Novem ber
N ovem ber
Novem ber
N ovem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber
N ovem ber
Novem ber
Novem ber

1968
1967
1966
1965
1964
1963
1962
1961
I960
1959

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

O c t o b e r 1 9 6 9 ------------N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 8 _____
N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 7 --------N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 6 --------N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 5 --------N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 4 ------N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 3 --------N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 2 --------N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 1 --------N o v e m b e r I 9 6 0 ------

6.0
7.4
6.1
4.7
2.4
4.3
4.1
3.0
3 .6
4.3

1 0 .4
6.1
5 .6
5 .5
4.0
2 .7
2 .3
4 .9
3—.5
.5

8 .6
4 .7
5 .6
3.6
4 .0
5 .0
3.5
2 .5
3.4
3 .8

5.1
9 .2
7 .8
7 .0
6.4
3 .4
3.7
1.1
3.6
0

( )
( )
( )
( >
( )
( )
(2)
3.2
3 .8
6 .5

1 U n le s s o th e r w is e in d ic a ted , all are i n c r e a s e s .
2 D ata do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .
3 T h i s d e c l i n e l a r g e l y r e f l e c t s e m p l o y m e n t c h a n g e s w i t h i n and b e t w e e n h i g h - and l o w - w a g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r a t h e r t h a n w a g e d e c r e a s e s .




5
A. O ccu p ation al E arnings
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W omen

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y ho ur s and e a r ni n gs for s e l e c t e d o cc up at ion s stu die d on an a r e a b a s i s
by i ndu st ry di v is i o n , F o r t Worth, T e x . , O ct o be r 1969)
W ee k ly e a r n in g s 1
(sta n d ard )

Sex, o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N um ber
of
w o ik ers

( stan d ard )

Nu m be r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n in g s of—

$

A v erag e
w ee k ly

$
55

M ean2

M e d ia n 2

M id d le ran g e 2

$

t

60

65

S

70

S
75

S
80

$

t
85

90

$
95

$
100

*
105

$

no

$
115

$
120

$
125

*
130

*
135

$
140

t
150

$
160

and
under

60

170

and

65

70

75

-

-

-

80

85

90

95

100

105

HO

H5

120

125

130

1??

140

150

160

170

-

-

1
1

6
6
6

2
2
1

2
2
2

4
4
3

5
5
5

10
7
3
3

7
7
5

12
8
4

5

-

5
4

23
3
20
19

8
4
4
4

15
9
6
“

10
4
6
6

MEN

36
74
58

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 3 9 .5 0
1 4 4 .5 0
1 3 7 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0

$
14 1 .0 0
1 4 7 .5 0
13 9 .5 0
1 4 1 .0 0

$
$
1 2 4 .0 0 - 1 5 5 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0 —
163v00
1 2 0 .0 0 - 1 4 9 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0 - 1 4 9 .0 0

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------

38

4 0 .0 1 0 7 .5 0

1 1 1 .0 0

9 8 .5 0 - 1 1 6 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

2

8

-

6

9

8

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

CLERKS, OR DE R ------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

72
44

4 0 .0 1 1 7 .0 0 11 7 .0 0 1 0 4 .5 0 - 1 2 8 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 2 2 .5 0 1 2 6 .0 0 1 0 4 .5 0 - 1 2 9 .5 0

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

3

3

13
13

14
-

2
-

4
2

4
4

18
16

-

6
4

2
2

1
1

_

*

2
2

OFFICE BOYS --------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

63
40

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 4 .5 0
7 7 .0 0

7 2 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

6 7 .5 0 - 7 6 .0 0
7 1 .0 0 - 7 9 .5 0

_

11
2

11
5

25
21

4
3

1

3
3

5
4

2
1

-

_

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

15

-

-

7

2

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

1

7

-

11

-

-

16

-

2

2
2

10
10

3
3

2
1

7
7

7
“

2
2

_

_

5

_

_

_

_

_

_

4

7
3

14
14

i
i

5
3

12
12

2

7

“

-

-

17
9
8

49
15
34

46
18
28

26
5
21

12
9
3

9
2
7

7
1
6

18
8
10

4
2
2

24
16
8

15
12
3

59
56
3

10
10
“

21
21
“

3
3
”

54
29
25
**

58
18
40
12

28
21
7
“

28
8
20
13

11
9
2

23
23

18
18
-

13
10
3
3

4
i
3
3

2
1
1
1

_

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

2
2

2
1
1

4

2

-

-

4

2

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S3 ---------------

n o

-

WOMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING

41

3 9 .5

9 1 .5 0

8 7 .5 0

8 3 .5 0 - 1 0 2 .5 0

5

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------

47

4 0 .0

8 1 .5 0

8 2 .5 0

7 0 .5 0 - 9 7 .0 0

-

BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

44
26

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 2 .0 0
8 8 .0 0

9 4 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

8 1 .5 0 - 1 0 2 .5 0
8 2 .0 0 - 9 7 .5 0

BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------- ---------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

48
3B

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 3 .5 0
8 5 .0 0

8 3 .0 0
8 4 .0 0

7 7 .5 0 - 9 5 .5 0
8 0 .5 0 - 9 6 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

329
187
142

4 0 .0 1 1 8 .0 0 1 1 3 .5 0 9 6 .0 0 - 1 4 1 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 2 9 .5 0 1 3 9 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 - 1 4 4 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 0 2 .5 0 9 8 .5 0 9 3 .0 0 - 1 1 3 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

562
249
313
66

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 7 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

8 3 .5 0
8 8 .0 0
8 1 .5 0
9 3 .0 0

7 7 .0 0 - 9 5 .0 0
8 0 .5 0 - 1 0 7 .0 0
7 5 .5 0 - 9 1 .0 0
7 5 .5 0 - 1 0 4 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

40
28

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 8 .0 0
7 8 .5 0

7 3 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

6 9 .0 0 - 8 3 .0 0
6 7 .5 0 - 9 6 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

279
48
231

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

7 0 .0 0
7 0 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

6 9 .0 0
6 9 .5 0
6 9 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

170
33
137

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 5 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

8 5 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

S e e f o o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .




10

_

_

“

“

6
1

3
3

2
2

-

-

_
-

-

_

2

7

8
8
“

22
10
12

79
26
53
16

83
23
60
10

120
49
71
“

-

4
4

8
7

14
9

2

5
1

6 5 .0 0 - 7 3 .0 0
6 7 .0 0 - 7 3 .0 0
6 4 .0 0 - 7 3 .5 0

-

73
3
70

85
24
61

80
17
63

6
6

28
2
26

-

7 8 .0 0 - 9 2 .5 0
7 2 .0 0 - 9 6 .0 0
8 1 .0 0 - 9 2 .0 0

-

3
3

16
6
10

13
6
7

18
12
6

34
34

32
32

“

_
“

-

-

-

5

-

n
3
8
8

_

-

~

~

-

-

4
4

2
2

5
26
26

16

a
8

-

2
2

_

-

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y ho ur s and e a r n in g s for s e l e c t e d oc c up at io ns stu di ed on an ar e a b a s i s
by i ndu st ry di v is i o n , F o r t Worth, T e x . , O ct o be r 1969)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n in g s of—
(

A v erag e
w ee k ly
h o u r ,1
( stan d ard )

Sex, occupation, and indus try di vi s i o n

55
M e d ia n 2

t

60

t

65

t

70

$

75

t

80

i

85

t

90

i

95

t

1 00

t

10 5

t

110

t

115

(

12 0

i

125

t

130

*

135

*

t

150

160

170

-

-

-

and

150

160

170

ove r

125
97

153
141
12

11
8
2

52
15
11

308
2
1

3
1
2
2

54
54

35
28
7

under
60

$

140

M id d le ra n g e 2

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

12
10
2

20
12
8

100

24
16
8

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

39
13

49
23

38
19
19
14

140

W EN - CONTINUED
OM
CLERKS. PAYROLL ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

175
95
80

4 0.0
40.0
39.5

$
98.50
98.50
98.50

94.50
93.00
98.00

$
$
8 4 .0 0 8 3 .5 0 8 6 .0 0 -

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

129
79
50

40.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

90.50
92.00
88.50

86.50
91.00
84.00

7 9 .0 0 - 9 9 .0 0
7 9 .5 0 - 9 9 .5 0
7 7 .5 0 - 9 9 .0 0

24
14

9 8 .5 0 8 6 .5 0 -

11
7
52
23
29

40.0
40.0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

1 2 1 .0 0 1 3 3 . 0 0
92.50
95.00

10 4 .0 0
1 02.50
1 09.50

1 41.50
1 06.50

7 8 .0 0 - 9 2 .5 0
7 7 .5 0 - 9 4 .0 0
7 8 .0 0 - 9 2 .5 0

26
3
23

83.00
111.50

6 9 .5 0 7 0 .5 0 -

118.00
119 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0 1 1 8 . 5 0
128.50 138.00
1 1 0 .0 0 1 0 7 . 0 0
124.00 125.00

9 8 .5 0 1 0 4 .5 0 9 4 .0 0 1 1 3 .5 0 -

1 43.00
1 51.00
1 24.00
135 .0 0

39.5
40 .0
39.5

122.50
117.00
127.50

119.00
119.50
119.00

1 0 5 .5 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 7 .5 0 -

39.5
4 0.0
39.0
40.0

116.00 113.00
1 1 5 . 5 0 1 0 2 .0 0
1 1 7.00 118.00
122.50 123.00

9 3 .5 0 9 1 .0 0 1 0 3 .0 0 1 1 7 .5 0 -

13 1 .0 0
1 39.00
129.00
134.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3 -------------------------

373
122
26

40.0
39.5
40.0

129.00
111.50
137.50

138.50
109.50
139.00

1 0 9 .5 0 9 2 .0 0 1 2 8 .5 0 -

37 6
161
21 5
43

39.5
40.0
39.5
4 0.0

114.00
130.50
1 0 2 .0 0
113.50

108.50
140.50
101.50
113.50

9 5 .0 0 1 1 9 .0 0 9 1 .0 0 1 0 8 .5 0 -

1 39.00
144.50
109.00
1 28.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3 -------------------------

705
295
78

40.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

113.00
91.00
106.00

125.00
88.50
103.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

40.0
40.0

128.00
115.50

146.00
108.50

1 0 3 .5 0 1 0 1 .5 0 -

148.00
1 27.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

4 0.0
40.0

127.50
135.50

136.50
138.50

1 1 7 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 -

145.00
1 46.50

2
1
1

31
28

25
5

10
9

51
6
45

29
6
23

151 .5 0
133 .0 0
147.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3 -------------------------

15
12

1 39.00
1 36.00
152 .5 0

287
153
13 4

8
2
6

18
10

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

30
18
12

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

272
81
191

40.0
40.0
4 0.0

85.50
87.50
85.00

85.00
83.00
8 6 .0 0

OFFICE GIRLS ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

77

4 0.0
40.0

92.50
96.00

SECRETARIES4--------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3 -------------------------

1 ,1 2 1
60 7
514
114

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

84

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3 -------------------------

119
111

41.5
42.0

78.00
77.50

76.00
75.50

6 4 .0 0 - 8 4 .0 0
6 3 .5 0 - 8 4 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

161
62

4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

85.50
84.50
8 6 .0 0

84.00
83.50
84.50

7 8 .5 0 - 9 2 .0 0
7 8 .0 0 - 9 3 .5 0




7 8 .5 0 - 9 3 .0 0

29
3
21
19

62
24

33
15

115
53

94
39

69
13

52
26

70
20
50
10

2
1
14
10

81
76
13

43
10
33

38
7

2
1

30
25
4

20
18
9

11
11

2
1

22
21

15
12

2
2

7
7

23
15

41
16
25

18
7
11

26
10
16

18
1
17
13

10
6
6

14
13

41
41
6

26
2

39
39

22
7
15
11

37
10

38
7
31

2
32

8 9 .0 0 1 3 5 .5 0
8 2 .5 0 - 9 6 .5 0
8 9 .0 0 121.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

Se e foo tno te s at end of tab le.

43
15
28

13
13

21
16

7
T able A-l. Office O ccupations—M en and W o m e n — C ontinued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d iv is io n , F o r t W o rth , T e x ., O c to b e r 1969)
W ee k ly e a m in g s1
(sta n d ard)

S ex, o c c u p a tio n , a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

N um ber
of
w orkers

A v erag e
w ee k ly
h o u rs1
( stan d ard )

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s of—
$
55

M ean2

M e d ia n 2

M id d le ran g e 2

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

$

$
115

$
120

$
125

(
130

t
135

t

$

*

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

11
11

135

140

140

150

160

170

-

an d
under
60

WOMEN -

60

-

-

and

150

160

170

over

19
19

CONTINUED

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

207
84

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

$
7 8 .5 0
80 .5 0

$
77.0 0
78.0 0

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------

186
89
97
41

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 1.00
1 1 8.00
85.5 0
8 5 .5 0

9 3 .5 0
12 4 .0 0
83 .5 0
84.0 0

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------

379
140
239
65

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

76.0 0
77.0 0
7 6 .0 0
81.5 0

76.0 0
77.0 0
7 5 .0 0
80.00

$
7 2 .5 0 7 5 .0 0 -

$
8 2 .0 0
83.0 0

27
6

49
15

71
38

20
8

14
3

15
8

5
4

1
-

8 3 .0 0 - 123 .5 0
9 6 .0 0 - 134 .0 0
7 7 .5 0 - 9 1 .0 0
7 9 .5 0 - 9 0 .5 0

3
3
-

10
10
-

22
22
12

19
19
12

21
3
18
7

27
19
8
7

3
3
-

13
1
12
1

55
17
38
6

82
32
50
6

98
45
53
22

56
33
23
12

32
8
24
10

1
1
-

9
1
8
6

9
9
3

7 0 .5 0 7 2 .5 0 6 8 .5 0 7 6 .0 0 -

8 1 .5 0
81.5 0
81.5 0
8 7 .0 0

35

2
33

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o rk w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o rr e s p o n d
to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y t o ta lin g th e e a r n i n g s of a l l w o r k e r s a n d d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s it io n — h a lf of th e e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o re
th a n th e r a t e sh o w n ; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s t h a n th e r a t e sh o w n . T h e m id d le r a n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s of p a y ; a f o u r th o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th a n th e lo w e r of t h e s e r a t e s a n d a f o u r th e a r n m o r e th an
th e h ig h e r r a t e .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 M ay in c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r th a n t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a te l y .




8
T ab le A-2.

P ro fessio n al and T ec h n ic a l O c c u p a tio n s—M en and W o m e n

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y i n d u s t r y d iv is io n , F o r t W o rth , T e x ,, O c to b e r 1969)
W ee k ly e a r n in g s 1
(sta n d ard )
N um ber

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—

t

$

A v erag e
w ee k ly

$

t

S

and in d u s try div isio n

of
w orkers

M ean2

( stan d ard )

M e d ia n 2

M id d le ra n g e 2

100

s

s
115

S

$

$

$

S

t

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

6
4

_

5
5

_

21
15

7
7

20
20

13
13

47
46

26
26

25
25

8
8

10
9

10
10

11
11

-

1

1
1

9

5
5

5
5

1
1

2

1
1

1
1

3
1

2
2

2
2

120

125

130

135

140

1 45

150

S

$

1

-

105

110

$

90
Under
$
and
under
90
95

Sex, o ccupation,

15 5

160

t

S
1 65

170

i

$
180

1 90

200
and

155

160

165

170

180

1 90

2001 o v e r

MEN

$

$

$

CLASS A —

137

4 0 .0

1 8 2 .0 0

1 83.50

1 7 4 .0 0 -1 9 2 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS 8 —
MANUFACTURING -------

195
17 2

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 2.50
14 2 .5 0

1 43.00
143.00

1 3 3 .0 0 -1 5 1 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0 -1 4 9 .5 0

_

-

*

“

72
59

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 5.00
1 1 5 .5 0

1 10.00
1 10.50

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 3 3 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0 -1 3 3 .0 0

1

7

51
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 4.00
1 5 7 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0
1 61.50

1 4 7 .5 0 -1 6 6 .0 0
1 5 6 .5 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN,

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING —

$

2

7

6

9

30

35

47

_

8
4

9
8

5
1

5
2

-

_

1

-

_

_

_

_

-

10
10

13
13

13
13

3
-

WOMEN

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (R E G I S T E R E D ) -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

1

2

2

1

1

1
1

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o rk w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e f o o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .




T ab le A-3.

O ffice, P ro fe ssio n a l, and T ech n ical O c c u p a tio n s—M en and W o m e n C om bined

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
by in d u s t r y d i v is io n , F o r t W o rth , T e x . , O c to b e r 1969)
A verage

A v erage

O c c u p a tio n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v is io n

N um ber
of
w o ik e is

Number
Weekly
earnings 1
(standard' (standard)
Weekly

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

O F FI CE

O F FI C E OCCUPATIONS

OCCUPATIONS

-

W eekly
hours 1
(sta n d ard )

of

W ee k ly
e a rn in g s 1
(sta n d ard )

CONTINUED

OF FI CE

3 9 .5

$
98.5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------------

353
92
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
121.00
97 .0 0
1 10.50

47

4 0 .0

81.5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

272
81
1 91

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 5 .5 0
87.5 0
85.0 0

44
26

4 0 .0
39. 5

92.0 0
88 .0 0

O F F I C E BOYS AND GI RL S -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

161

100
61

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

85 .5 0
90.5 0
77 .5 0

SECRE TAR IE S 3------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

1 , 125
607
518
11 8

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39.5
4 0 .0

1 2 0.50
12 8 .5 0
1 10.50
1 2 5.50

84
42
42

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9.5

122.50
1 1 7 .00
1 2 7 .5 0

287
153
134
40

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

116.00
115.50
117.00
122.50

B IL L E R S , MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
MACHINE) ---------------------------------

48

B IL L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

CLER KS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PU BLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

439
223
216
87

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

123.00
1 32.00
114.00
1 31.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS 8
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

600
255
345

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 9 .0 0
92.5 0
86 .0 0

47
35

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

85.0 0
8 8 .0 0

S E C R E T A R IE S , CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —

281
48
233

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

7 0 . 50
7 0 .0 0
70 .5 0

S E C R E T A R IE S , CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING —
PU BLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-

377
126
30

4 0 .0
3 9.5
4 0 .0

129.50
113.00
142.00

CLERKS, ORDER ----------MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

242
77
165

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 4 .5 0
104.00
90.0 0

S E C R E T A R IE S , CLASS 0
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —
PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 2-

376
161
215
43

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9.5
4 0 .0

114.00
130 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0
113.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S 2-

7 05
295
78

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

113.00
91.0 0
106.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
NONMANUFACTURING —

280
70

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

12 8 .0 0
116.00

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

92
26

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 1 .5 0
100 .0 0
102 .5 0
1 21.00

129
79
50

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

90.5 0
92.0 0
8 8 .5 0

CLER KS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

192

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

100

SE C R E T A R IE S, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING ----------

50
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

12 7 .5 0
1 3 5.50

4 1 .5
4 2.0

$
78 .0 0
77.50

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N IS T S MANUFAC T U R I N G -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------------

161
62
99

4 0.0
4 0 .0
40 • 0

8 5 .5 0
8 4 .5 0
86.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

33
27

4 0 .0
4 0.0

1 1 1.50
11 3 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

207
84

4 0.0
3 9 .5

78 .5 0
80.50

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------------

187
90
97
41

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

101.00
1 1 8.00
8 5 . 50
85.5 0

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------------

395
140
255
79

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0.0

78 .5 0
77.00
7 9 .0 0
9 0 .5 0

1 8 1 .5 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

CLASS A ----------------------------------

139

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

19 6
17 2

4 0 .0
4 0.0

14 2 .3 0
142.50

ORAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

87
66

4 0.0
4 0 .0

1 1 4.50
116 .5 0

ORAFTSMEN-TRACERS ------------------------------------

43

*

83.5 0
84.5 0

11 9
111

DRAFTSMEN,

NU RS ES , INDUSTRIAL (R E GI ST ER ED ) -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

51
46

4 0.0
4 0.0

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o rk w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3 M ay in c lu d e iw o rk e rs o t h e r th a n t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




o
o

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

O

49
39

OCCUPATIONS -

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

o

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

Weekly
hour, 1
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

98.5 0
1 5 4 .0 0
157 .0 0

r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s

10
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d iv is io n , F o r t W o rth , T e x ., O c to b e r 1969)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—

Hourly earnings 1
O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

2 .0 0

Mean2 Median z

Middle range 2

s
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

s

s

2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

S
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 . 90

t
3 .0 0

*
*
3 . 10 3 . 2 0

$
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .70

2 . 80

2 .9 0

3. 00

3 . 10

3. 20

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 . 50 3 . 6 0

2

s

4
2

1
1

“

“

3
3

2
2

-

-

-

12
5

2
2

i
i

40
39

3
3

1

1
1

3

1

4

-

-

-

3

12
9
3

1

-

1

1

4

8

3
3

27
27

17
17

3
3

41
41

_

-

4
4

2
2

10
8

_

6
6

1
-

_

8

-

-

1

-

2
2

21

_

_

t

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

80
66

$
4 .0 2
4 .0 5

$
4 .1 5
4 . 14

$
$
4 . 0 1 - 4 .3 4
4 . 0 4 - 4 .1 9

E L E C T R IC IA N S , MAINTENANCE ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

416
359

4 . 19
4 .2 2

4 .4 0
4 .5 0

3 . 9 0 - 4 .5 5
3 . 9 4 - 4 .5 6

_

_

_

-

-

EN G IN EER S, STATIONARY ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

106
66
42

3 .7 7
4 .0 0
3 .4 2

4 .0 1
4 .2 1
3 .5 1

3 .2 2 - 4 .2 7
3 .2 9 - 4 .2 8
2 . 8 9 - 3 .7 3

-

-

_

-

_

HELP ER S, MAINTENANCE TRADES --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

175
135

2 .9 3
3 .0 9

3 .2 0
3 .2 8

2 . 4 4 - 3 .4 3
2 .6 2 - 3 .5 2

9

M AC HI N IS T S, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

113
102

4 .0 1
4 .0 0

4 .0 4
4 .0 3

3 .9 3 - 4 .1 4
3 .9 3 - 4 .1 3

“

“
2

14
14

-

_

1
1

1

*
17
12

8
8

21
10

12
3

39

_

9
9

39
39

-

_
“

_
*

_

“

3
3

9
9

-

-

_

6

185
79
106
94

3 .2 2
3 .5 3
2 .9 9
2 .9 6

2 .9 8
3 .8 6
2 .6 8
2 .4 0

2 .3 9 2 .8 9 2 .3 5 2 .3 4 -

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

392
384

3 .6 6
3 .6 5

3 .4 8
3 .4 6

3 . 0 1 - 4 .3 6
3 . 0 1 - 4 .3 6

MILLWRIGHTS -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

83
83

3 .6 1
3 .6 1

3 .7 9
3 .7 9

3 .2 9 - 3 .8 8
3 .2 9 - 3 .8 8

-

OI LER S -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

95
95

3 .1 5
3 .1 5

3 .4 1
3 .4 1

2 .5 6 - 3 .5 0
2 .5 6 - 3 .5 0

P A IN T E R S , MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

89
67

3 .7 5
4 .0 4

4 .0 3
4 .0 5

3 .5 7 - 4 .0 8
4 . 0 1 - 4 .0 9

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

28
28

3 . 58
3 .5 8

3 .7 5
3 .7 5

2 . 8 7 - 4 .2 4
2 . 8 7 - 4 .2 4

TOOL AND DI E MAKERS -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

232
232

4 .5 6
4 .5 6

4 .5 7
4 .5 7

4 . 5 2 - 4 .7 4
4 . 5 2 - 4 .7 4

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

11
2

10
6

7

2

3

-

4
4

2
2

*

5
5

-

“

“

-

-

-

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y fo r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .

7

3

7

3

2
1
1

8
7
1

_

1
*

5
5

1

2
2

-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------




s
3 . 60

%
t
3 . 80 4 . 0 0

$
4 .2 0

$
4 .40

$
4 .6 0

$
4 .8 0

and
under
2 .10

4 .0 5
4 .1 4
4 .0 1
4 .0 1

$
3 .5 0

_

“

*

_

12
10

3

16
10
6

2
2

2
2
2

6
6

22
22

27
27

31
31

59
59

2
2

25
25

“

“

7
7

"

7
7

-

-

8
8

-

-

19
19

_
~

”

4

2
2

“

4
4

3
3

1
1

28
28

1

3

1

7

-

_

_

8
5

4
i
i
ii
ii

-

1

_

21

_

~

4 .20

4 .40

4 .60

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

-

8
8

39
38

3
2

6
5

12
5

~

4
3

33
26

35
33

64
29

1 77
177

27
27

-

8

2

-

24
24
-

-

6
6

6
6

2

12
12
-

7

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

27
27

50
46

9
4

9
9

-

11
11

8
8

3
3
3

-

50
26
24
24

3
3
-

-

-

2
2

2
-

4
4

47
47

65
59

71
71

1
1

-

5
5

16
16

24
24

16
16

-

_

_

-

_

4
4

18
18

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

"

_
-

6
6

4

_

3

45
43

-

4

_

3 . 80 4 . 00

“

10
10

-

2
2

10
10

-

-

-

-

10
10

1 31
1 31

36
36

35
35

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

:

2
2

:

3
3

2
2

-

-

-

5

-

_

4

-

4

5

7

-

9
9

“

5
5

~

_
-

-

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Fort Worth, Tex. , October 1969)
Hourly earnings2
Occupation1 and industry division

wrtr
oies

Mean3 Median3

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight -time hourly earnings o

Middle range3

$
)
S
S
*
»
S
$
%
$
S
$
Under 1.60 1.70 i. 80 i. 90 2 .00 2. 10 2 .20 2 30 2.40 2 .50 2.60 2.70
and
$
i 60 under
1.70 1.80 i. 90

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

582
446

$
2.93
3.28

$
3.49
3.61

$
$
1.89- 3.65
3.30- 3.67

3

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING ---------------------

394

3.46

3.63

3.46- 3.67

-

WATCHMEN:
MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

52

1.95

1.84

1.76- 2.23

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS --MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

1,387
776
611
82

2.33
2.74
1.82
2.43

2.10
2.87
1.73
2.36

1.742.151.652.05-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS
(WOMEN) -----------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NUNMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

309
31
278

1.71
2.07
1.67

1.68
1.86
1.68

1.64- 1.76
1.75- 2.09
1.64- 1.74

-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HAND LI NG -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

1, 176
601
575
148

2.36
2.45
2.27
2.77

2.23
2.41
2. 13
2.60

2.022.002.022.52-

2.58
2.60
2.54
3.08

ORDER
FILLERS ----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

328
87
241

2.39
2.39
2.39

2.36
2.28
2.38

PACKERS, SHIPPING -------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

262
228

2.94
3. 08

3. 14
3.16

2.

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN) ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

2 22
208

1.91
1.88

RE CEIVING CLERKS --------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NMANUFACTURING -----------------

151
98
53

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

1

-

2

2 a

U i L 2.20

2

i30_ 2 _4£L 2.50 .2.

2*TQ.

s
*
t
t
$
t
t
T --S
i
2.80 2.90 3.00 3. 10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00

2.8S-.2 * . S S L 2-iO.o 3.10 2.20 3.30 3.90, 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20

1
”

l
”

“

“

2
2

16
16

27
27

52
52

247
247

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

2

16

27

52

247

8

-

22
12
10
10

18
18
-

78
62
16
15

11
6
5
5

18
18
-

144
144
“

14
14
-

2
2
”

183
183
-

4
4
4

-

“

_
*

1
1

6
6

_
*

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
*

110
89
21
21

-

-

-

-

-

-

“
~

90
90

-

_

-

127
24

16
9

~

14
6

*

32
20

13
13

21
21

l
1

-

-

2

-

-

-

11

10

19

-

-

-

24

7

-

6

-

9

3

2

1

47
47

244
13
231

126
26
100
“

74
21
53
17

66
52
14

136
61
75
8

62
45
17
1

57
35
22
13

11
11
4

65
64
i
i

5
5
4

188
2
186

75
11
64

24
5
19

7
4
3

2
2
-

1
1

2
2

2
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
"

28
28

51
24
27

89
59
30

94
69
25
4

199
42
157
7

106
24
82
3

84
66
18
7

41
10
31
2

81
72
9
2

143
85
58
52

32
32
-

16
7
9
9

-

9
2
7
7

62
62
23

28
20
8
8

3
3
3

_
*

2.18- 2.56
2.19- 2.59
2.18- 2.54

_
“

-

8
8
-

19
4
15

16
1
15

7
7

39
10
29

47
26
21

47
2
45

41
1
40

41
15
26

1
1

2
2
-

14
2
12

13
13

l
1

31
31

1
1

-

2.26- 3.73
29- 3.74

-

10
4

-

13
6

11
4

8
8

-

40
40

17
3

-

_

_

-

8
8

*

-

65
65

-

-

-

1.84
1.82

1.71- 2.12
1.70- 1.99

_

53
53

46
46

35
35

24
24

2
2

40
40

14
-

_
-

i
i

2
2

_

-

_

_

"

_

-

5
5

-

-

-

_
-

_

-

3.01
3. 31
2.46

3. 15
3.65
2.37

2.38- 3.69
2.77- 3.73
2.30- 2.65

-

1
1

3
3

2
2

_
-

3
i
2

7
5
2

3
3

24
5
19

6
4
2

4
4

12
7
5

4
4
-

5
2
3

-

1
1

2
2

1
1

4
4

67
67

-

2
2

_
-

_
*

54
48

2.95
3.01

3.04
3.05

2.88- 3.09
3.01- 3.10

-

_

_

_

_

_

2
2

_

2
-

4
4

_
*

2
2

29
29

2
2

8
8

_

-

_

_

-

-

5
1

_

-

_
“

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ----MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

64
53

3.09
3.04

3. 12
3.11

2.63- 3.65
2.56- 3.64

-

"

_

_

4
4

-

_
-

7
7

-

3
2

4
“

-

8
8

8
8

i

-

*

_
-

21
19

3
“

-

T R U C K D R I V E R S 5 -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1,215
331
884

2.94
3. 10
2.88

2 .9 2
3.31
2.74

2.34- 3.67
2.54- 3.73
2.10- 3.65

_
-

38
38

7
7

36
5
31

22
5
17

136
6
130

17
8
9

19
17
2

72
12
60

122
10
112

72
45
27

34
17
17

6
6

6
6

31
1
30

6
2
4

9
1
8

56
21
35

22
8
14

301
81
220

143
23
120

34
34
“

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

121
109

2.07
2.07

1.97
1.96

1.81- 2.43
1.79- 2.44

24
24

4
4

28
23

7
7

6
2

_

_

_

_

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ----------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

432
87
345

2.42
2.66
2.36

2.41
2.65
2.37

2.06- 2.69
2.29- 3.29
2.05- 2.54

14
14

3
3

8
8

8
5
3

124
1
123

6
6

-

6
2
4

1
1

See footnotes at end of table.




3.10
3.24
2.02
2.83

_

_
_
-

-

5
5

_

_

_

_

“

“

11
9

36
36

2
2

15
8
7

11
9
2

30
10
20

70
70

22
22

26
23
3

_
23
23

2
2
11
11

_

31
1
30

~

~

_
38
21
17

-

1

11
11

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations----Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Fort Worth, Tex. , October 1969)
H o u rly e a r n in g s 2

Occupation1 and industry division

N um ber
of
woifcers

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight- time hourly earnings of—
s s
$
S
%
*
$
*
t
$
$
$
*
s
*
t
*
s
$
Under 1*60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2. 10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00
$
and
1.60 ,
under
$

M ean3

M e d ia n 3

M iddle range

$

1.70 1.80 1.90 _2 - m . z.i.o 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2,90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 J . 6 0 3.80 4.00 4.20

TR U C K O R I V E R S 5 - CONTINUED
TR UCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS.
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------------

220
143
77

$
2.99
3.12
2.76

$
2.72
2.75
2.47

$
2.472.542.34-

TR UCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ---------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------------—---------------- —
N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------------

619
452
167

2.81
2.92
2.52

2.62
2.87
2.46

2.23- 3.58
2.25- 3.65
2.18- 2.05

1
2
3
4
5

$
3.81
3.89
3.34

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

7

8
1
7

Data limited to m e n workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes p r e m i u m pay for overtime and for w o r k on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Fo r definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers, as defined, regardless of size and type of truck operated.




7
7
37
37

1
1

-

8
8

-

-

-

10
10

72
36
36

61
58
3

30
-

30
40
30
10

13
10
3

44
44

41
8

33
23
10

33

-

6
6

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

30
5
25

3
3

14
14

34
6
28

33
33

15
15

21
17
4

-

2

22
18

4

A

3
_

3
6

15

-

-

-

-

23
23

15

-

10

-

-

_

_

-

-

10

153
153

34
34

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
Th e p r i m a r y purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's w a g e surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations w o r k e r s w h o are e m p l o y e d under a variety of payroll titles and different w o r k ar r a n g e m e n t s f r o m establishment to establishment and
f r o m area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational w a g e rates representing c o m p a r a b l e job content.
B e c a u s e of this e m ph as is on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions m a y differ significantly f r o m those in use in
individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed
to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER,

CLERK,

MACHINE

P r ep ar es statements, bills, and invoices on a ma c h i n e other than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. M a y also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or p e r f o r m other
clerical w o r k incidental to billing operations. F o r w a g e study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:
Biller, m a c h i n e (billing m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a special billing m a c h i n e ( M o o n Hopkins, Elliott
Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills
and invoices f r o m customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping m e m o ­
ra nd u m s , etc. Usually involves application of pr edetermined discounts and shipping charges,
and entry of nece ss ar y extensions, which m a y or m a y not be c o m p u t e d on the billing machine,
and totals which are automatically ac cumulated by machine. T h e operation usually involves
a large n u m b e r of carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold
machine.
Biller, m a c h i n e (bookkeeping m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a bookkeeping m a c h i n e (Sundstrand, Elliott
Fisher, R e m i n g t o n Rand, etc., which m a y or m a y not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare
customers' bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves t;he simulta­
neous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. T h e m a c h i n e automatically accumulates
figures on a n u m b e r of vertical c o l u m n s and computes, and usually prints automatically the
debit or credit balances. D o e s not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. W o r k s f r o m uniform
and standard types of sales and credit slips.

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE

OPERATOR

Operates a bookkeeping m a c h i n e (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs,
National C a s h Register, with or without a typewriter keyboard) to ke ep a record of business
transactions.
Class A.
K e e p s a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the structure of the particular accounting s y s t e m
used. De te r m i n e s proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work.
M a y prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records
by hand.
Class B. Ke e p s a record of one or m o r e phases or sections of a set of records usually
requiring little k nowledge of basic bookkeeping. Ph a s e s or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, customers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described under biller,
machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. M a y check or assist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK,

ACCOUNTING

Class A. Un d e r general direction of a bo okkeeper or accountant, has responsibility for
keeping one or m o r e sections of a complete set of books or records relating to one phase
of an establishment's business transactions. W o r k involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable; examining and coding
invoices or vouchers with proper accounting distribution; and requires j u dg me nt and experi­
ence in m a k i n g proper assignations and allocations. M a y assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and m a y direct class B accounting clerks.

Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple (subject matter) h e a d ­
ings ~or~partl.y classified material by finer subheadings. Pr ep a r e s simple related index and
cross-reference aids. A s requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material.
M a y p e r f o r m related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.
Class C . P e r f o r m s routine filing of material that has already been classified or which
is easily classified in a simple serial classification s y s t e m (e.g., alphabetical, chronological,
or numerical). A s requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards m a ­
terial; and m a y fill out withdrawal charge. P e r f o r m s simple clerical and m a n u a l tasks re­
quired to maintain and service files.
CLERK,

ORDER

Receives customers' orders for material or me r c h a n d i s e b y mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve a ny combination of the following: Quoting prices to customers; m a k i n g out an order
sheet listing the items to m a k e up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. M a y check with credit
d e p a rt me nt to determine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders f r o m customers,
follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK,

PAYROLL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s of c o m p a n y em p l o y e e s and enters the ne cessary data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings based on time or production records; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's n a m e , working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total w a g e s due. M a y m a k e out paychecks and
assist p a y m a s t e r in m a k i n g u p and distributing pay envelopes.
M a y use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER

OPERATOR

P r i m a r y duty is to operate a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m mathematical computations. This
job is not to be confused with that of statistical or other type of clerk, wh ic h m a y involve fre­
quent use of a C o m p t o m e t e r but, in which, use of this m a c h i n e is incidental to p e rf or ma nc e of
other duties.
KEYPUNCH

OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination k e yp un ch m a c h i n e to
transcribe data f r o m various source d o c u m e n t s to keyp un ch tabulating cards. P e r f o r m s s a m e
tasks as lower level keyp un ch operator but, in addition, w o r k requires application of coding
skills and the m a k i n g of s o m e determinations, for ex ample, locates on the source d o c u m e n t
the items to be punched; extracts information f r o m several documents; and searches for and
interprets information on the d o c u m e n t to determine information to be punched. M a y train
inexperienced operators.

Class B . U n d e r supervision, p e r f o r m s one or m o r e routine accounting operations such
as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in
voucher registers; reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by
general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not require a k n o w l ­
edge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in which the m o r e routine
accounting w o r k is subdivided on a functional basis a m o n g several workers.




FILE

Class A . In an established filing s y s t e m containing a n u m b e r of varied subject matter
files, classifies and indexes file material such as correspondence, reports, technical d o c u ­
ments, etc. M a y also file this material. M a y keep records of various types in conjunction
with the files. M a y lead a small group of lower level file clerks.

13

14
KEYPUNCH

S E C R E T A R Y — C ont inue d

O P E R A T O R -- Continued

Class B. U n d e r close supervision or following specific procedures or instructions,
transcribes data f r o m source d o c u m e n t s to punched cards.
Operates a nu merical and/or
alphabetical or combination keyp un ch m a c h i n e to keyp un ch tabulating cards. M a y verify cards.
W o rk in g f r o m various standardized source documents, follows specified sequences w hich have
be e n coded or prescribed in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
of data to be punched. P r o b l e m s arising f r o m erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc., are referred to supervisor.

d. Secretary to the he a d of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that employs, in all, over 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; or
e. Secretary to the he a d of a large and important organizational s e g m e n t (e.g., a middle
m a n a g e m e n t supervisor of an organizational s e g m e n t often involving as m a n y as several
hu nd re d persons) of a c o m p a n y that employs, in all, over 25, 000 p e r s o n s .
Class C

OFFICE

BOY

O R GIRL

P e r f o r m s various routine duties such as running errands, operating m i n o r office m a ­
chines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing mail, and other m i n o r clerical work.

SECRETARY
Assi gn ed as personal secretary, norm al ly to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the day-to-day w o r k activities of the supervisor. W o r k s fairly inde­
pendently receiving a m i n i m u m of detailed supervision and guidance.
P e r f o r m s varied clerical
and secretarial duties, usually including m o s t of the following: (a) Receives telephone calls,
personal callers, and incoming mail, a n s w e r s routine inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries
to the proper persons; (b) establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains
the supervisor's calendar and m a k e s appointments as instructed; (d) relays m e s s a g e s f r o m super­
visor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m e m o r a n d a , and reports prepared by others
for the supervisor's signature to assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) pe rf o r m s
stenographic and typing work.
M a y also p e r f o r m other clerical and secretarial tasks of co mp a r a b l e nature and difficulty.
Th e w o r k typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
p r og ra ms , and procedures related to the w o r k of the supervisor.
Exclusions
.Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above characteristics. E x a m p l e s
of positions which are excluded f r o m the definition are as follows; (a) Positions w hich do not m e e t
the "personal" secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in secretarial
type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical,
or ma nagerial persons; (d) secretary positions in which the duties are either substantially m o r e
routine or substantially m o r e c o m p l e x and responsible than those characterized in the definition;
and (e) assistant type positions w hich involve m o r e difficult or m o r e responsible technical, a d m i n ­
istrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
N O T E : Th e t e r m "corporate officer," used in the level definitions following, refers to
those officials w h o have a significant corporate-wide policymaking role with regard to m a j o r
c o m p a n y activities. Th e title "vice president," though norm al ly indicative of this role, does not
in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents w h o s e p r i m a r y responsibility is to act per­
sonally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or de ny individual loan or credit actions;
administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be
"corporate officers" for p u rp os es of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the c h a i r m a n of the bo a r d or president of a c o m p a n y that employs, in
all, over 100 but fewer than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the c h a i r m a n of the bo a r d or president)
of a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in all, over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; or
c. Secretary to the he ad (immediately be lo w
s e g m e n t or subsidiary of a c o m p a n y that employs,

the corporate officer level) of a m a j o r
in all, over 25, 000 p e r s o n s .

Glass B
a. Secretary to the c h a i r m a n of the bo a r d or president of a c o m p a n y that employs, in
all, fewer than 100 p e r s o n s ; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the c h a i r m a n of the bo a r d or president)
of a c o m p a n y that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e r s o n s ; or
c. Secretary to the he a d (immediately below the officer level) over either a m a j o r
corporate-wide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, operations, industrial relations, etc.) or~a m a j o r geographic or organizational s e g m e n t (e.g., a regional headquarters;
a m a j o r division) of a c o m p a n y that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
e m p l o y e e s ; or




a. Secretary to an executive or mana ge ri al pe r s o n w h o s e responsibility is not equivalent
to one of the specific level situations in the definition for class B, but w h o s e subordinate staff
norm al ly n u m b e r s at least several dozen e m p l o y e e s and is usually divided into organizational
s e gm en ts wh ic h are often, in turn, further subdivided. In s o m e companies, this level includes
a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or
b. Secretary to the he a d of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5, 000 p e r s o n s .
Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or he a d of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than
about 25 or 30 persons); m;
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administra­
tive officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE;
M a n y c o m p a n i e s assign
stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or
nonsupervisory worker.)
,
STENOGRAPHER,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y duty is to take dictation involving a n o r m a l routine vocabulary f r o m one or m o r e
persons either in shorthand or b y Stenotype or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. M a y
also type f r o m written copy. M a y maintain files, ke ep simple records, or p e r f o r m other relatively
routine clerical tasks. M a y operate f r o m a stenographic pool. D o e s not include transcribing m a c h i n e work.
(See transcribing-machine operator.)
STENOGRAPHER,

SENIOR

P r i m a r y duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary
such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research f r o m one or m o r e persons either in short­
hand or b y Stenotype or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. M a y also type f r o m written
copy.
M a y also set up and maintain files, ke ep records, etc.
OR
P e r f o r m s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsi­
bility than stenographers, general as evidenced b y the following: W o r k requires high degree of
stenographic speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures, files,
workflow, etc. U s e s this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; as sembling material for reports, m e m o r a n d u m s , letters,
etc.; c o m p o s i n g simple letters f r o m general instructions; reading and renting incoming mail; and
answering routine questions, etc. D o e s not include transcribing-machine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A . Op erates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. P e r f o r m s full telephone information service or handles
c o m p l e x calls, such as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine w o r k as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-time
assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs w h e n the establishment has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information purposes, e.g., because
of overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent p r o b l e m s as to
wh i c h extensions are appropriate for calls.)
Class B . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. M a y handle routine long distance calls and record tolls.
M a y p e r f o r m limited telephone information service. ("Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for telephone
information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e.g., giving extension n u m b e r s w h e n
specific n a m e s are furnished, or if c o m p l e x calls are referred to another operator.)

15
TABULATING-MACHINE

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to pe rf or mi ng duties of operator on a single-position or monitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and m a y also type or p e r f o r m routine clerical w o r k as part of regular
duties. This typing or clerical w o r k m a y take the m a j o r part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

O P E R A T O R — Continued

Class C . Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting mach in es such as the
sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc., with specific instructions. M a y include simple
wiring f r o m d i a g r a m s and s o m e filing work. Th e w o r k typically involves portions of a w o r k
unit, for e xample, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR,

TABULATING-MACHINE

GENERAL

OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical accounting machines, typically
including such ma ch i n e s as the tabulator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others.
P e r f o r m s complete reporting assignments without close supervision, and pe rf o r m s difficult
wiring as required.
Th e complete reporting and tabulating assignments typically involve a
variety of long and c o m p l e x reports wh ic h often are of irregular or nonrecurring type r e ­
quiring s o m e planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. A s a m o r e experienced operator,
is typically involved in training n e w operators in m a c h i n e operations, or partially trained
operators in wiring f r o m di ag r a m s and operating sequences of long and c o m p l e x reports.
D o e s not include wo rk in g supervisors pe rforming tabulating-machine operations and day-today supervision of the w o r k and production of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B . Operates m o r e difficult tabulating or electrical accounting ma ch i n e s such as the
tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This w o r k is
p e r f o r m e d under specific instructions and m a y include the pe r f o r m a n c e of s o m e wiring f r o m
diagrams. Th e w o r k typically involves, for example, tabulations involving a repetitive
accounting exercise, a complete but small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and m o r e
c o m p l e x report. Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature w h e r e the p r o ­
cedures are well established. M a y also include the training of n e w e m pl oy ee s in the basic
operation of the machine.

P r i m a r y duty is to transcribe dictation involving a n o r m a l routine vocabulary f r o m
transcribing-machine records. M a y also type f r o m written copy and do simple clerical work.
W o r k e r s transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A w o r k e r w h o takes dictation in short­
hand or by Stenotype or similar m a c h i n e is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Us e s a typewriter to m a k e copies of various material or to m a k e out bills after calcula­
tions have been m a d e by another person. M a y include typing of stencils, mats, or similar m a t e ­
rials for use in duplicating processes. M a y do clerical w o r k involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail.
Class A . P e r f o r m s one or m o r e of the following: Typing material in final f o r m w h e n it
involves combining material f r o m several sources or responsibility for correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual w o r d s or foreign language material;
and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and
balance in spacing. M a y type routine f o r m letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B . P e r f o r m s one or m o r e of the following: C o p y typing f r o m rough or clear drafts;
routine typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations,
or copying m o r e c o m p l e x tables already setup and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N — Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of c o m p l e x items having distinctive design
features that differ significantly f r o m established drafting precedents. W o r k s in close su p ­
port with the design originator, and m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form, function, and positional relationships of c o m ­
ponents and parts. W o r k s with a m i n i m u m of supervisory assistance. C o m p l e t e d w o r k is
reviewed b y design originator for consistency with prior engineering determinations.
May
either prepare drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B . P e r f o r m s nonroutine and c o m p l e x drafting a ssignments that require the appli­
cation of m o s t of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically in­
volve such w o r k as: Pr ep a r e s wo rk in g drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes,
multiple functions, and precise positional relationships b e tw ee n components; prepares archi­
tectural drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
sections, floor plans, and roof. Us e s accepted formulas and m a n u a l s in m a k i n g necessary
computations to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities, strengths,
stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements, and advice f r o m supervisor.
C o mp le te d w o r k is checked for technical adequacy.

Class C . Pr ep a r e s detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Ty pe s of drawings p r epared include isometric projections
(depicting three dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of

c o mp on en ts and convey needed information. Consolidates details f r o m a n u m b e r of sources
and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested m e t h o d s of approach, applicable
precedents, and advice on source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions
are less complete w h e n assignments recur. W o r k m a y be spot-checked during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings pr epared b y others b y placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing limited to plans primarily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Pr ep a r e s simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
during progress.
NURSE,

W o r k is closely supervised

IN DU ST RI AL (REGISTERED)

A registered nurse w h o gives nursing service under general medical direction to ill or
injured e m pl oy ee s or other persons w h o b e c o m e ill or suffer an accident on the p r e m i s e s of a
factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and ca rr y­
ing out p r o g r a m s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER,

MAINTENANCE

P e r f o r m s the carpentry duties ne cessary to construct and maintain in good repair building
w o o d w o r k and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs,
casings, and trim m a d e of w o o d in an establishment. W o r k involves m o s t of the following-' P l a n ­
ning and laying out of w o r k f r o m blueprints-, drawings, models, or verbal instructions using a
variety of carpenter's handtools, portable p o w e r tools, and standard m e a s u r i n g instruments;




CARPENTER,

M A I N T E N A N C E — Continued

m a k i n g standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials n e c e s ­
sary for the work.
In general, the w o r k of the ma intenance carpenter requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

16
ELECTRICIAN,

MAINTENANCE

MECHANIC,

P e r f o r m s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance,
or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric en er gy in an
establishment. W o r k involves m o s t of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, controllers, circuit b r e a k ­
ers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; wo rk in g f r o m
blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the
electrical s y s t e m or equipment; w o rk in g standard computations relating to load requirements of
wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician,s handtools and m e a s u r i n g and
testing instruments. In general, the w o r k of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
ENGINEER,

STATIONARY

Operates and maintains and m a y also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the establishment in w h i c h e m p l o y e d with power,
heat, refrigeration, or air-conditioning. W o r k involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as s t e a m engines, air co m p r e s s o r s , generators, motors, turbines, ventilating and refrig­
erating equipment, s t e a m boilers and boiler-fed water p u m p s ; m a k i n g equipment repairs; and
keeping a record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. M a y also su­
pervise these operations. H e a d or chief engineers in establishments employing m o r e than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN,

STATIONARY BOILER

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in wh ic h e m p l o y e d with heat, power,
or steam. F e e d s fuels to fire by ha nd or operates a me chanical stoker, or gas or oil burner;
and checks water and safety valves. M a y clean, oil, or assist in repairing boiler ro om equipment.
HELPER,

MAINTENANCE

TRADES

Assists one or m o r e w o r k e r s in the skilled maintenance trades, b y pe rforming specific
or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a w o r k e r supplied with materials and tools;
cleaning .working area, machine, and equipment; assisting j o u r n e y m a n b y holding materials or
tools; and pe rforming other unskilled tasks as directed b y journeyman.
T h e kind of w o r k the
helper is permitted to p e r f o r m varies f r o m trade to trade: In s o m e trades the helper is co n ­
fined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and tools and cleaning wo rk in g areas; and in
others he is permitted to p e r f o r m specialized m a c h i n e operations, or parts of a trade that are
also p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a full-time basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR,

TOOLROOM

Specializes in the operation of one or m o r e types of m a c h i n e tools, such as jig borers,
cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or milling machines, in the construction of
m a c h i n e - s h o p tools, gages, jigs, fixtures, or dies. W o r k involves m o s t of the following: Pl a n ­
ning and performing difficult ma chining operations; processing items requiring complicated setups
or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of precision m e a s u r i n g instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and m a k i n g nece ss ar y adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. M a y be required to recognize w h e n tools need d r e s s ­
ing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. F o r cr os s­
industry w a g e study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded f r o m this classification.
MACHINIST,

MAINTENANCE

Pr od u c e s replacement parts and n e w parts in m a k i n g repairs of metal parts of m e c h a n ­
ical equipment operated in an establishment. W o r k involves m o s t of the following: Interpreting
written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m a ­
chinist's handtools and precision m e a s u r i n g instruments; setting up and operating standard m a c h i n e
tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; m a k i n g standard shop computations relating to
dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the wo rk in g properties
of the c o m m o n metals; selecting standard materials, parts, an d equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist's w o r k
norm al ly requires a rounded training in m a c h i n e - s h o p practice usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC,

AUTOMOTIVE

(MAINTENANCE)

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. W o r k in­
volves m o s t of the following: E x a m i n i n g automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
disassembling equipment and pe rf or mi ng repairs that involve the use of such handtools as
wren ch es , gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing
b r ok en or defective parts f r o m stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing




AUTOMOTIVE

( M A I N T E N A N C E ) — Continued

the various assemblies in the vehicle and m a k i n g ne ce ss ar y adjustments; and alining wheels,
adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the w o r k of the automotive
m e c h a n i c requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap p r e n ­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC,

MAINTENANCE

Repairs m a c h i n e r y or me chanical equipment of an establishment. W o r k involves m o s t
of the following: Ex a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling m a c h i n e s and perfor mi ng repairs that ma in ly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing b r ok en or defective parts with items obtained
f r o m stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a m a c h i n e shop or sending of the
m a c h i n e to a m a c h i n e shop for m a j o r repairs; preparing written specifications for m a j o r repairs
or for the production of parts ordered f r o m m a c h i n e shop; reassembling machines; and m a k i n g
all n e ce ss ar y adjustments for operation. In general, the w o r k of a ma intenance m e c h a n i c r e ­
quires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience. Ex cluded f r o m this classification are w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs n e w m a c h i n e s or he av y equipment, and dismantles and installs m a c h i n e s or
he av y equipment w h e n changes in the plant layout are required. W o r k involves m o s t of the fol­
lowing: Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using
a variety of handtools and rigging; m a k i n g standard shop computations relating to stresses,
strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting stand­
ar d tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order p o w e r
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the millwright's w o r k
norm al ly requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the
equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER,

m o v i n g parts

or wearing surfaces

of mechanical

MAINTENANCE

Paints and redecorates walls, w o o d w o r k , and fixtures of an establishment. W o r k in­
volves the following: K n o w l e d g e of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different
applications; preparing surface for painting by r e m o v i n g old finish or b y placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; a nd applying paint with spray gun or brush. M a y m i x colors, oils,
white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
w o r k of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER,

MAINTENANCE

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishment. W o r k involves m o s t of the following: Laying out of w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to lo­
cate position of pipe f r o m drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe
to correct lengths with chisel and h a m m e r or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machine; thread­
ing pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe b y hand-driven or po we r- dr iv en machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; m a k i n g standard shop computations relating
to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and m a k i n g standard tests to determine whether
finished pipes m e e t specifications. In general, the w o r k of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a fo rm al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. W o r k e r s primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanita­
tion or heating s y st em s are excluded.
PLUMBER,

MAINTENANCE

K e e p s the plumbing s y s t e m of an establishment in good order. W o r k involves; K n o w l e d g e
of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or r e ­
pairing pipes and fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or p l u m b e r ' s snake. In
general, the w o r k of the maintenance p l u m b e r requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER,

MAINTENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fix­
tures (such as m a c h i n e guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts,
metal roofing) of an establishment. W o r k involves m o s t of the following: Planning and laying
out all types of sheet-metal maintenance w o r k f r o m blueprints, models, oj- other specifications;
setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal wo rk in g machines; using a variety of

17
SHEET-METAL

WORKER,

M A I N T E N A N C E — Continued

TOOL AND

handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the w o r k of the maintenance sheet-metal w o r k e r requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
TOOL AND

DIE M A K E R

(Die m a k e r ; jig m a k e r ; tool m a k e r ; fixture m a k e r ; gage ma ke r)
Constructs and repairs m a c h i n e - s h o p tools, gages, jigs, fixtures or dies for forgings,
punching, and other meta l- fo rm in g work.
W o r k involves m o s t of the following: Planning and
laying out of w o r k f r o m models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;

D I E M A K E R — Continued

using a variety of tool and die m a k e r ' s handtools and precision m e as ur in g instruments; u n d e r ­
standing of the wo rk in g properties of c o m m o n metals and alloys; setting up and operating of
m a c h i n e tools and related equipment; m a k i n g necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heat-treating of metal parts during fabrication
as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die ma ke r' s w o r k requires a rounded
training in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o ol ro om practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.
F o r cross-industry w a g e study purposes,
shops are excluded f r o m this classification.

tool and die m a k e r s in tool and die jobbing

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND

SHIPPING A N D RE CE IV IN G C L E R K

WATCHMAN

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining
order, using a r m s or force w h e r e necessary.
Includes g a t e m e n w h o are stationed at gate
and check on identity of e m p l o y e e s an d other persons entering.
W a t c h m a n . M a k e s rounds of p r e m i s e s periodically in protecting property against fire,
theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR,

PORTER,

OR

CLEANER

Pr ep a r e s me r c h a n d i s e for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming ship­
m e n t s of me r c h a n d i s e or other materials. Shipping w o r k involves: A knowledge of shipping
procedures, practices, routes, available m e a n s of transportation, and rate; and preparing r e c ­
ords of the goods shipped, m a k i n g up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and
keeping a file of shipping records. M a y direct or assist in preparing the m e rc ha nd is e for ship­
ment.
Receiving w o r k involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of
shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
d a m a g e d goods; routing m e rc ha nd is e or materials to proper departments; and maintaining n e c e s ­
sary records and files.

(Sweeper; c h a r w o m a n ; janitress)
F o r w a g e study purposes, w o r k e r s are classified as follows:
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory wo rk in g areas and w a s h r o o m s , or
p r e m i s e s of an office, apartment house, or c o m m e r c i a l or other establishment. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, m o p p i n g or scrubbing, and polishing floors; re mo v i n g
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures
or trimmings; providing supplies and m i n o r maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories, s h o w ­
ers, and restrooms. W o r k e r s w h o specialize in w i n d o w washing are excluded.
LABORER,

MATERIAL HANDLING

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; s t o c k m a n or stock helper; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n or w a r e h o u s e helper)
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a wa re ho us e, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
w h o s e duties involve one or m o r e of the following: Loading and unloading various materials and
me r c h a n d i s e on or f r o m freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing materials or me r c h a n d i s e in proper storage location; and transporting materials or
me r c h a n d i s e b y handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport materials, merchandise,
equipment, or m e n be tw ee n various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, wa re ho us es , wholesale and retail establishments, or be tw ee n retail establishments and
customers* houses or places of business. M a y also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
m a k e m i n o r me chanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
F o r w a g e study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and type of equipment,
as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the basis of trailer capacity.)

FILLER

(Order picker; stock selector; w a r e h o u s e stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods f r o m stored m e rc ha nd is e in a c c o r d ­
ance with specifications on sales slips, customers* orders, or other instructions. M a y , in addition
to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and p e r f o r m other related duties.

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, m e d i u m (11/2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, he av y (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

POWER

SHIPPING

Pr ep a r e s finished products for shipment or storage b y placing t h e m in shipping co n ­
tainers, the specific operations p e r f o r m e d being dependent upon the type, size, and n u m b e r of
units to be packed, the type of container employed, and m e t h o d of shipment. W o r k requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and m a y involve one or m o r e of the following: K n o w l ­
edge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size
of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or d a ma ge ; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying
data on container. P a ck er s w h o also m a k e w o o d e n boxes or crates are excluded.




Operates a
transport goods and
establishment.

ma nually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to
materials of all kinds about a wareho us e, manufacturing plant, or other

F o r w a g e study purposes, w o r k e r s a;re classified by type of truck, as follows:
Trucker, p o w e r (forklift)
Trucker, p o w e r (other than forklift)







A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t---T h e n in th a n n u a l r e p o r t o n s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
torneys,
ch em ists,
en g in e e rs,
en g in eerin g te ch n icia n s, d ra ftsm e n ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a ly sts, d ir e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, m a n a g e r s o f o ffic e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s . B L S B u lle tin 1617, N a tion a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , a nd C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 1 9 6 8 .
S ev en ty -fiv e
cen ts a copy.




I

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t of th e l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c te d a t th e
r e q u e s t of th e W a g e a n d H o u r a n d P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D iv i s i o n s of th e D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r is a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m
th e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r f r o m a n y of t h e B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n on
th e in sid e fro n t c o v e r.

A rea

B u lletin n u m b er
and p r ic e

A k r o n , O h i o , J u l y 1 9 6 9 1___________________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 8 9 ,
A l b a n y —S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 1__________ 1 6 2 5 - 5 6 ,
A l b u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 -------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 6 7 ,
A l l e n t o w n — e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ------ 1 6 2 5 - 8 6 ,
B
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ____________________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 7 7 ,
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1 9 6 9 ______________________ - _________ 1 6 6 0 - 1 1,
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u i —O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 9 6 9 1_____ 1 6 2 5 - 7 5 ,
P
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 _____________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 5 ,
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 T ___________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 6 5 ,
B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1 ____________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 6 ,
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1 9 6 9 _________________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 1 6 ,
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , N o v / 1 9 6 8 1 _________________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 3 5 ,
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 19 6 9 1 ______________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 5 4 ,
C a n t o n , O h i o , M a y 1 9 6 9 ___________________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 7 3 ,
C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 ___________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 7 1 ,
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ________________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 6 1 ,
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 _____________________ 1 6 6 0 - 9 ,
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 9 1 __________________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 8 2 ,
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o — y . —I n d . , M a r . 19 6 9 1 _________________ 1 6 2 5 - 6 3 ,
K
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1 _____________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 1 9 ,
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1 9 6 8 1 ______________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 2 4 ,
1625-28,
D a l l a s , T e x . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1 _________________________________
D a v e n p o rt— o c k I s la n d — o lin e , Iow a—
R
M
111.,
O c t . 1 9 6 8 ____________________________________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 1 6 ,
D a y t o n , O h i o , J a n . 1 9 6 9 1 _________________________________
1625-42,
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 _________________________________
1625-39,
D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , M a r . 1 9 6 9 -------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 6 2 ,
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 1 ________________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 5 8 ,
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 6 9 ______________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 1 8 ,
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 _______________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 8 ,
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 6 9 1---------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 7 0 ,
H o u s t o n , T e x . , M a y 1 9 6 9 1-------------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 8 3 ,
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 1------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 4 0 ,
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1 9 6 9 1~ ____________________________ - 1 6 2 5 - 4 5 ,
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 1 ___________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 3 7 ,
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . — a n s ., S e p t . 1 9 6 9 ——--------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 1 0 ,
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , J u n e 19 6 9 —
H
------------ 1 6 2 5 - 7 9 ,
L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 _______
N
1660-2,
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h a n d A n a h e i m r - S a n t a A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 19 6 9 1 _____________________ 1 6 2 5 - 7 8 ,
1625-33,
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —I n d . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 __________________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 -------------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 5 3 ,
M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 _____________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 3 ,
M e m p h i s , T e n n . —A r k . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 3 0 ,
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 1----------------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 2 9 ,
M i d l a n d a n d O d e s s a , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 4 9 ,
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 6 6 ,
M i n n e a p o l i s —S t . P a u l , M i n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 --------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 4 7 ,

35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
65 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30
35
30
30
50
30
30
35
45
35
35
35
35
.30
30

cen ts
c en ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cen ts
cents
cen ts
cents
cents
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cents
cen ts

50
30
30
30
30
35
25
35
35

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cen ts
cents
cents
cen ts

D a ta o n e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s a n d s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p ro v isio n s a re a lso p re s e n te d .




A rea
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1 9 6 9 _______
M
N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 ________________
N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 19 6 9 1 -----------------------------------------N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
N o rfo lk — o rts m o u th and N ew p o rt N ew s—
P
H a m p t o n , V a . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 _________________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 _________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . —I o w a , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 __________________________
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1 9 6 9 _____________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 ________________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 _________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1 9 6 8 _______________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ________________________
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a r w i c k , R . I . —M a s s . ,
P
W
M a y 1 9 6 9 1 _________________________________________________
R a l e i g h , N . C . , A u g . 1 9 6 9 __________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o ffic e o c c u p a tio n s only ),
J u l y 1 9 6 9 ___________________________________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1 9 6 9 __________________________________
S t . L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 19 6 9 1__________________________
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h , D e c . 1 9 6 8 __________________________
S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , J u n e 19 6 9 1 ___________________________
S an B e r n a r d in o — iv e r s id e — n ta r io , C a lif.,
R
O
O c t . 1 9 6 8 1 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 ______________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 6 8 _______________
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 _______________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------------------S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 __________________________________
S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1 _____________________
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 _________________________
S o u t h B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 _______________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 _________ ____ - _________________
T a m p a - S t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 6 9 1_______________
T o l e d o , O h i o — i c h . , F e b . 1 9 6 9 1_________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , O c t . 1 9 6 8 1 _________________________________
U t i c a — o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
R
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . —M d . —V a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 __________________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1 ----------------------------------------------W i c h i t a , K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 _________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 6 9 _______________________________________
Y o u n g s t o w n —W a r r e n , O h i o , N o v . 1 9 6 8 ___________________

B u lletin n u m b er
and p ric e
1625-80,
1625-46,
1625-38,
1625-51,
1625-88,

30
40
30
35
60

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents

1575-85,
1625-9,
1660-12,
1625-87,
1625-48,
1625-60,
1625-59,
1625-20,
1625-76,

30
30
30
35
50
30
35
30
30

cen ts
cents
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-74,
1660-6,
1625-69,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1660-4,
1625-72,
1625-64,
1625-36,
1625-85,

30
30
50
30
35

cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cen ts

1625-25,
1625-32,
1625-44,
1625-21,
1625-68,
1660-15,
1625-43,
1660-14,
1625-55,
1625-81,
1660-13,
1660-7,
1625-57,
1625-18,
1660-1,
1625-22,
1625-50,
1625-31,
1625-41,
1625-84,
1625-52,
1625-34,

40
30
35
30
30
30
35
25
30
30
30
35
35
35
30
35
30
35
30
30
30
30

cen ts
cents
cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c en ts
cents
cen ts
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cents

U.S. D EPA R TM EN T OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C.

20212

O F F IC IA L BUSINESS




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
II

F IR S T C LA SS M A IL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102