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ontgomery uo.
Public Jpibrary

eSurvey
Area Wagi
The Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange, Texas,
Metropolitan Area
May 1969
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ORANGE

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Port A r t h u r

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B u lletin No. 1625-75




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

\

Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N.Y. 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
Federal Office Building
219 South Dearborn St.
911 Walnut S t ., 10th Floor
Chicago, 111. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Area Wage Survey
The Beaum ont—Port A rthur—Orange, T exas,
M etropolitan Area




May 1 9 6 9

Bulletin No. 1625-75
August 1969

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Docum ents, U.S. G overnm ent Printing Office, W a sh in g to n , D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 35 cents




I

Contents

Preface

Page
The B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y i e l d s d e t a il e d d a t a by s e l e c t e d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n fo r e a c h
of the a r e a s s t u d ie d , fo r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r the
U nited S t a t e s . A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m is
the n eed f o r g r e a t e r in sigh t into (1) the m o v e m e n t of w a g e s
by o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , and (Z) the s t r u c ­
t u r e and l e v e l of w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

In tro d u c tio n _______________________________________________________________
Wage t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s ___________________________
T ab les:
1. E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s within s c o p e of s u r v e y and
n u m b e r st u d i e d ___________________________________________________
Z. In d e x e s of s t a n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e fo r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _______________________

At the end of e a c h s u r v e y , an ind iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
le tin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a stu d ie d . A ft e r
c o m p le tio n of a l l of the in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s fo r a round
of s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle tin i s i s s u e d .
The
f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a ta f o r e a c h of the m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s
s t u d i e d into one b u lle tin . The s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s i n f o r ­
m a t i o n w hich h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m ind iv id u a l m e t r o ­
p o lita n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s and the
U nited S t a t e s .

A.

B.

N inety a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in clu de d in the p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , in fo r m a t io n on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s
is c o ll e c t e d a n n u ally and on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b ien n ia lly .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s of the s u r v e y in
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , in M a y 1969- The
P
O
S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s defin ed by the
B u r e a u of the B u d g e t t h ro u gh J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s i s t s of
J e f f e r s o n and O r a n g e C o u n t ie s. T h is stu dy w a s conducted
by the B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l offic e in D a l l a s , T e x . , u n d er the
g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n of B o y d B . O 'N e a l , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l
D i r e c t o r fo r O p e r a t io n s .




1
5

6

O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s :
A - 1. O ffice o c c u p a t io n s — e n and wom en ________________________
m
A -Z . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s — e n and women__
m
A - 3 . O f f ic e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d ________________________________
A - 4 . M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________

10
11
1Z

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B - l . M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s --B - Z . Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s __________________________________________
B - 3 . S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ____________________________________
B - 4 . P a i d h o l i d a y s ________________________________________________

13
14
15
16

B-6.
B-7.
A pp en d ix.

7
9

H ea lth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s _____________________
M ethod of w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n and f r e q u e n c y of

Z0

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ____________________________________

Z3

areas.

iii

4

N O T E : S i m i l a r t a b u l a t io n s a r e a v a i l a b l e
(See in s id e b a c k c o v e r .)

f o r other




Area Wage Survey---The Beaumont—Port Arthur—Orange, Tex., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is a r e a i s 1 of 90 in which the U .S . D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s co n d ucts s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h i s a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s of B u r e a u f ie l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a tiv e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s within s i x b r o a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u ­
f a c t u r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
s e r v i c e s . M a j o r i n d u s tr y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d i e s a r e
g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h avin g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e
o m it t e d b e c a u s e th e y ten d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t ip n s stu d ie d to w a r r a n t i n c lu sio n . S e p a r a t e t a b u la t io n s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of the b r o a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s which m e e t p u b l i ­
ca tio n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e shown f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o rk a r e g u l a r w e e k ly sc h e d u le
in the g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . E a r n i n g s d a t a e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s . N on p rod u ction b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l lo w a n c e s and in c en tive e a r n i n g s a r e in c lu de d. W here w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s fo r offic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to the
s t a n d a r d w o rk w e e k (rou n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) f o r which e m ­
p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s (e x c l u s i v e of p ay
f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
in gs f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s have b e e n ro un ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .
The a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a t e s . I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p ay l e v e l and jo b
st a f f in g and, t h u s, co n trib u te d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r ea c h jo b .
The p ay r e l a t i o n s h i p ob ta in a b le f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a il to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d or d i f f e r e n t i a l m a in t a in e d a m o n g j o b s in
in d iv id ual e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s fo r m e n and w o m en in any of the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s should
not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t of the s e x e s
within ind iv id ual e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . Other p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s which m a y
co n tribute to d i f f e r e n c e s in p ay f o r m e n and w o m en inclu de: D i f f e r ­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n within e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e only the
a c t u a l r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n ts a r e c o ll e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u tie s p e r f o r m e d , although the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
within the s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
than t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id ual e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and allo w f o r m in o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e co nd ucted on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t invo lv ed in s u r v e y in g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
obtain op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m i n im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n of
l a r g e than of s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s stu d ied . In co m bining th e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r i a t e w eight. E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e la t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s tr y g ro u p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e below the m i n im u m s i z e stu d ied .
O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n i n g s
The o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
of m a n u f a c t u r in g and n o n m a n u fac tu rin g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e of the
follow ing t y p e s : (1) O ffice c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t; and (4) c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t. O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t of job
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to t a k e a cc o u n t of inter e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u tie s within the s a m e jo b . The o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r study
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in the ap p en d ix . The e a r n i n g s d a t a follow ing
the jo b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s co m b in e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e
of the o c c u p a t io n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
within o c c u p a t io n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e it h e r (1) em p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n i s too s m a l l to p r o v id e enough
d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e
of. ind iv id ual e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .

O cc u p a tio n a l em p lo y m en t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s within the sc o p e of the stu dy and not the n um be r
a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s of o c c u p a t io n a l em p lo y m e n t o b ­
t a in e d f r o m the s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s st u d ie d s e r v e only to in d ic ate
the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e of the jo b s stu d ied .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y of the
e a r n i n g s da ta .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n t a r y Wage P r o v i s i o n s

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
in 91 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
partment of Labor.




1

I n f o r m a tio n i s p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s they
r e l a t e to plant and o f fic e w o r k e r s . A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t iv e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s tr u c ti o n w o r k e r s who a r e u tiliz e d
a s a s e p a r a t e w o rk f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d . " P l a n t w o r k e r s " include

2
w o rk in g f o r e m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s (including l e a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n ono ffice f u n ctio n s. " O f f i c e w o r k e r s "
include w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l or r e l a t e d fu n c tio n s.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e
e x c lu d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but inclu ded in n o n m a n u fac tu rin g
in d u strie s.
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n offic e w o r k e r s (table
B - l ) r e l a t e only to the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e of the op tim u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d , and the p r o b a b il i t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s a r e m o r e l ik e ly to h a v e f o r m a l e n t ra n c e r a t e s fo r w o r k e r s
ab o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the ta b le is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a (tab le B - 2 ) a r e l im it e d to plant w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t io n i s p r e s e n t e d both in
t e r m s of (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s of t o t a l plant
w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t, and (2) e f f e c t iv e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
of w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p lo y e d on the s p e c i f i e d sh ift at the t im e of the
s u r v e y . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s having v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the amount
a pp ly in g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no am ount a p p l ie d to a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w hich s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
only if it a p p lie d to a m a j o r i t y of the sh ift h o u r s .
The s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s (table B -3 ) of a m a j o r i t y of the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e ta b u la t e d a s ap p ly in g to
a l l of the plant o r offic e w o r k e r s of th at e s t a b l i s h m e n t . S c h e d u le d
w e e k ly h o u r s a r e t h o s e w hich f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h ether th e y w e r e p a id f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e or o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
P a i d h o li d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
p la n s ; and f r e q u e n c y of w a g e p ay m en t ( t a b l e s B - 4 th ro ugh B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on the b a s i s that t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a l l
plant or offic e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y of su ch w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b le or
m a y ev e n tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d . S u m s of ind iv id u a l
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 th ro u gh B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e of
ro un ding.
D a t a on p aid h o li d a y s (tab le B - 4 ) a r e l im it e d to d a t a on h o li ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u ally on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d for
in w r it t e n f o r m , o r (2) have b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d by c u s t o m . H o lid a y s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n though they m a y f a l l on a n on ­
w o r k d a y and the w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o th er d a y off. The f i r s t

p a r t of the p a id h o li d a y s t a b le p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r of whole and half
h o li d a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d . The se c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s whole and h a lf
h o li d a y s to show t o t a l h o lid a y t i m e .
The s u m m a r y of v a c a t i o n p la n s (table B - 5 ) i s l i m i t e d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e of v a c a t i o n p r o v i s i o n s . It i s not intended a s a
m e a s u r e of the p r o p o r t i o n of w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s of an e s t a b l i s h m e n t fo r a l l l e n g t h s of s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s ap p ly in g to a l l p lan t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s of the e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s of len gth of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p ay m e n t on
other than a t im e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p ay m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t of a nn u al e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s the e q u i v ­
alen t of 1 w e e k 's p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c lu d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s and
t h o s e whic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " or " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s beyond b a s i c
p la n s to w o r k e r s with q u a lify in g le n g th s of s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l of su ch
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in the s t e e l , a l u m in u m , and can i n d u s t r i e s .
D a t a on h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s (ta b le B - 6 ) i n ­
clude t h o s e p la n s f o r w hich the e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t of the
c o s t . Such p la n s inclu de t h o s e u n d e r w r it t e n by a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
co m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d th ro u g h a union fund or p a i d d i r e c t l y by
the e m p l o y e r out of c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g fun ds o r f r o m a fund s e t a s i d e
fo r t h is p u r p o s e . An e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to have a p la n
if the m a j o r i t y of e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e to be c o v e r e d u n d er the
p la n , even if l e s s than a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d to p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p lo y e e s w e r e r e q u i r e d to co n trib u te t o w a r d the c o s t of the p la n .
Le­
g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , su c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d to that type of
i n s u r a n c e u n d er w hich p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the i n s u r e d d u rin g i l l n e s s or a c c id e n t d i s a b i l i t y . In f o r m a tio n i s
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l su c h p la n s to w hich the e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s . H ow ­
e v e r , in New Y o r k and New J e r s e y , w hich h a ve e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e l a w s w hich r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 3 p la n s
a r e in c lu d e d only if the e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e than i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e with b e n e f i t s w hich e x c e e d the
r e q u i r e m e n t s of the law .
T a b u l a t i o n s of p a i d s i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e
l im it e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 which p r o v i d e full p a y o r a p r o p o r t io n of the
w o r k e r ' s p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e of i l l n e s s . S e p a r a t e
t a b u l a t io n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to (1) p l a n s w hich p r o v i d e fu ll p ay
and no w a itin g p e r i o d , and (2) p la n s w hich p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p ay
o r a w a itin g p e r i o d . In a d d itio n to the p r e s e n t a t i o n of the p r o p o r t i o n s
of w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p aid
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l i s sh own of w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e
e it h e r o r both t y p e s of b e n e f i t s .

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con­
3
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to a s m a j o r m e d ­
i c a l i n s u r a n c e , i n c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s whic h a r e d e s i g n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e of s i c k n e s s and i n ju r y involving e x p e n s e s beyond
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e of h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and s u r g i c a l p la n s .
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p l e te o r p a r t i a l
p a y m e n t of d o c t o r s 1 f e e s . Such p la n s m a y be u n d e r w r it t e n by c o m ­
m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n onp rofit o r g a n i z a t i o n s o r they m a y
be p a id f o r b y the e m p l o y e r out of a fund se t a s i d e fo r t h is p u r p o s e .
T a b u l a t i o n s of r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s a r e l im it e d to t h o s e p la n s
that p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r of the w o r k e r ' s lif e .
M ethod of w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n (table B - 7 ) r e l a t e s to b a s i c
t y p e s of r a t e s t r u c t u r e f o r w o r k e r s p a i d u n d er v a r i o u s t i m e and i n ­
ce n tive s y s t e m s . U nd er a sin g le r a t e s t r u c t u r e the s a m e r a t e i s p a id
to a l l e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in the s a m e jo b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . An in d iv id ­
u al w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y be p aid ab o v e o r below the sin g le r a t e




f o r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but su c h p a y m e n t s a r e e x c e p t i o n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p la n s p e c i f i e s the m i n im u m a n d / o r m a x i m u m r a t e p a i d e x p e r i ­
en c e d w o r k e r s f o r the s a m e jo b . I n f o r m a ti o n a l s o i s p r o v i d e d on the
m e th od of p r o g r e s s i o n th ro u gh the r a n g e . In the a b s e n c e of a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , the q u a l if i c a t io n s of the ind iv id u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m i n e
the p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a ti o n on t y p e s of in c en tive p la n s i s p r o v i d e d only
fo r p lan t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e of the low in c id e n c e of su c h p la n s fo r offic e
w o r k e r s . U nder a p ie c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e t e r m i n e d r a t e i s p aid
fo r e a c h unit of output. P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d on p ro d u c tio n
o v e r a quota o r c o m p le tio n of a jo b in l e s s than s t a n d a r d t im e .
Com ­
p e n s a t io n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n t s b a s e d on a
p e r c e n t a g e of v a lu e of s a l e s , or on a c o m b in a tio n of a s t a t e d s a l a r y
p lu s a p e r c e n t a g e .
D ata
ta b le B - 7 .

on f r e q u e n c y

of w a g e

p ay m e n t

also

are

provided

in

4

T a b le 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d W o r k e r s W ithin S c o p e o f S u r v e y an d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , 1 b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D iv is io n , 2 M a y 1969
O
N u m b e r o f e s ta b lish m e n ts

I n d u s tr y d iv i s i o n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y

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M a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________________
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T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 __ _________ _______
W h o le s a le t r a d e ________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _________________________ __________
F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ----------S e r v i c e s 8 _______________________________________

O ffic e

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100

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1 T h e B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f J e f f e r s o n a n d O r a n g e C o u n t ie s .
O
The
" w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e an d c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
The e s tim a te sa re
no t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e
o f e s t a b li s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d s t u d ie d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m l i m it a t io n .
A ll o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
an d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b li s h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f ic e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s an d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a t a fo r t h is d iv i s i o n i s no t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d iv i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v id e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t s e p a r a t e stu d y , (2 ) th e s a m p le w a s not
d e s ig n e d in i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " an d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a t a f o r t h is d iv i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 6 a b o v e .
8 H o te ls an d m o t e l s ; la u n d r i e s an d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t io n s ( e x c lu d in g r e l i g i o u s
an d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t io n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A b o u t s e v e n - t e n t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e B e a u m o n t— o r t
P
A r t h u r — r a n g e a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r in g f i r m s .
O
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e
m a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s and s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e f c e n t o f a ll m a n u f a c t u r in g :
In d u stry g ro u p s
P e t r o le u m an d c o a l p r o d u c t s __ 42
C h e m ic a ls an d a ll ie d
p r o d u c t s -------------------------------- 25
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t-------- 13
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _____ 6

S p e c if i c i n d u s t r i e s
P e t r o le u m r e f in i n g ----------------I n d u s t r i a l c h e m i c a l s __ ______
S h ip an d b o a t b u ild in g and
r e p a i r i n g ------------------------- ---P l a s t i c m a t e r i a l s an d
s y n t h e t i c s __ ___ ___ _____ ___
F a b r ic a te d st r u c t u r a l m e ta l
p r o d u c t s ----- ---------- ---

42
14
13
9
5

T h is in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in dexes
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s a t a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r i n g t h e b a s e p e r i o d ( d a t e o f th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 9 6 1 ).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m the i n d e x
y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m t h e b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a t e o f th e i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w ag e c h a n g e s b e tw e en the in d ic a te d d a t e s .
T hese e stim a te s a r e
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e not i n t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e pay c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e of e a r n in g s fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n i n g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w ee k e n d s, h o lid a y s, and
late sh ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e .d o n d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.
L im ita tio n s of D ata

M ethod o f C o m p u tin g
The in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n t h o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w ag e s m a y have d eclin ed b e c a u s e lo w e r-p a y in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
Sim ilarly , w ages
m a y h ave r e m a in e d r e la t iv e ly c o n sta n t, y e t the a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r-p ay in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
i n th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h e se con stan t w eights re fle c t b a s e y e a r
em ploy m en ts w h e rev er p o s s ib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean) e a r n in g s fo r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y t h e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , a n d th e
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in t h e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re su ltan t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e i n d e x
i s t h e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y (c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e ra g e e arn in g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d i n c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Bookkeeping-machine
Continued
Carpenters
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Clerks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Clerks, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Clerics, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Pipefitters
Clerics, payroll
class B
Tool and die makers
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Office boys and girls
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, m aterial handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in th e d a t a .
The p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e r e f l e c t only c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for overtim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5

6

T a b l e 2. I n d e x e s of S t a n d a r d W e e k l y S a l a r i e s a n d S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r l y E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a t i o n a l G r o u p s in
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u i ^ O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1969 a n d M a y 19 6 8 , an d P e r c e n t s o f I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
In dexes
(M ay 1961=100)

P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e

M a y 1969

M a y 1968

M a y 1968
to
M a y 1969

A ll i n d u s t r i e s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n an d w o m e n ) —
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n an d w o m e n ) ---S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) -----------------U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) ------------------ ----

13 4 .0
13Z.6
130.2
1 3 8 .3

12 8 .7
1 2 4 .0
122.2
12 9 .7

4.1
6 .9
6 .6
6 .7

4 .9
5.9
4 .7
9 .0

4 .5
3 .4
3.7
3.1

2 .8
5 .6
3.9
.7

3.2
3.3
2 .3
3.0

M an u factu rin g:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n an d w o m e n ) ------I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n an d w o m e n ) ---S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) _____________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) ___________________

13 0 .8
13 2 .6
129.1
13 7 .6

1 2 4 .8
12 4 .0
12 1 .2
12 8 .0

4.8
6.9
6 .6
7.5

4 .2
5.9
4 .6
8 .5

3.9
3 .4
3.7
7 .0

3.5
5 .6
3 .8
3.1

2.6
3.3
2 .3
1.6

M a y 1963
to
M a y 1964

M a y 1962
to
M a y 1963

M a y 1961
to
M a y 1962

M ay I960
to
M a y 1961

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n an d w o m e n ) --------I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n an d w o m e n ) ----S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ------------------U n s k i l l e d p l a n t (m e n ) — ------ — -----

1.2
.8
.4
1.8

4 .6
1.3
4 .8
3.2

4 .5
1.7
.7
5.9

5 .8
4 .5
4 .3
4.1

M an u factu rin g:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n an d w o m e n ) ------I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n an d w o m e n ) ----S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ---- ------ —
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) ___________________

.4
.8
.2
.2

5 .0
1.3
4 .9
3.2

3.1
1.7
.1
1.9

7.6
4 .5
4 .6
5.7

I n d u s t r y an d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p




M a y 1967
to
M a y 1968

M a y 1966
to
M a y 1967

M a y 1965
to
M a y 1966

M a y 1964
to
M a y 1965

7

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earn in gs fo r sele cted occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis
by in du stry division , Beaumont— o rt Arthur—
P
-Orange, T e x ., May 1969)
W eekly e a r n in g s1
(standard )

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number of w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e weekly earn in gs of—
55

w eekly
standard)

M ean 2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

$

S

S

Num ber
of
workers

$

$

$

$

$

$

*

t

$

$

$

$

$

$

s

$

$

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

13C

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

ICO

110

120

130

140

150

16 0

170

180

190

200

210

220

3
3

6
5

11
8

6
1

a
8

20
20

5
5

12
12

15
15

36
36

2
2

1
1

2
2

7
7

5
5

10
10

4
4

1
I

-

-

-

and
under
60

MEN
C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G , C L A S S A ------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------------

124
115

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G , C L A S S B -----------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------

30
30

4C.0
4 0 .0 178.50

$
$
$
181.50 1 5 8 .5 0 -2 0 1 .0 0
183.50 1 6 5 .0 0 -2 0 1 .5 0

4 0.0
4 0.0

158.00
158.00

161.00
161.00

143.50-169.00
143.50-169.00

O R D ER -----------------------------------------

3C

4 C .C

136.00

119.50

108.00-176.50

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L ------------------------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------------

23
23

4 0 .0 151.50
4 0 . C 151.50

166.50
166.50

109.00-183.50
109.00-183.50

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R S ,
C L A S S B ---------------------------------------------------

39

4 0.0

74.00

67.00

6 3 .0 0 - 75.00

17

8

5

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G , C L A S S A ------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N O N M AN U FAC TU RIN G -----------------------------

68
49
19

4 0 .0 142.00
4 0 .0 150.50
4 0 .0 119.00

137.50
165.00
120.00

103.50-183.50
107.50-196.00
103.00-137.50

_

_

_

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G , C L A S S B ------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------------

166
77

4C.0
4 0.0

93.50
98.00

85.50
86.50

77.50-111.50
73.50-1 1 8 .0 0

2
2

12
8

87.00

CLERKS,

“

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

9

6

2

1

1

-

2

4

-

4

-

-

7
7

-

-

4
4

_

-

_

3
3

2
2

3
3

2
2

i
i

1
1

4
4

1
1

7
7

7
7

7
7

-

2
2

-

-

-

_

“

-

WOMEN

-

2

3

1

1

4
4
-

2
2
-

2
2

1

9
2
7

6
4
2

i
i
“

13
4
9

1
1

1
1

1

2
2
“

15
13

25
3

26
12

19
3

12
5

1
1

5
4

31
9

5
5

1
1

2
2

7

-

7

“

-

-

2
_

B -------------------------

45

40 .0

81.00

7 3 .5 0 - 99.00

3

-

12

7

4

4

2

3

1

7

i

1

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L ------------------------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

51
33
18

40 .0
40 .0
39.5

1 1 8 . CC 1 0 8 . 0 0
133 .5 0 122.50
89.50
92.50

9 0 .00-140.00
105.50-162.50
79 .0 0 - 99.00

2

i
1

1
1

1
—
1

6
4
2

2

5

4

5

-

2

2
2

I
1

3
3

-

1
i

1
1

6
6

“

5

i
3

4
4

-

2

6
6

”

3

K EY P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------------

34
25

4 0.0
40.0

1 2 2 . 0C 1 2 4 . 5 0
127.50 137.50

101.00-141.50
106.00-144.50

_

-

-

-

1
i

2

4
4

_

_

_

7

5
5

_

i

1
1

7

“

5
5

4

“

1
1

4

“

K EY P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

57
28
29

40.0
97.00
91.00
4 0 .0 113 .0 0 119.00
4 0 . C 8 1 . 5C 8 0 . 5C

7 7 . C O - 1 1 9 . 00
9 3 .00-134.50
7 4 .0 0 - 87.50

_

_
-

ii
5
6

_
-

1
1

5
5

5
5

7
7

i
i

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

S E C R E T A R I E S 3--------------------------------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------- -------------

231
156
75
32

4
1

18
13
5

24
14
10
3

20
2
18
3

25
13
12
10

19
12
7
5

21
18

31
27
4
4

18
15

10
10

3

-

3

17
15
2
2

2

-

3

2

1

1

4

2

-

-

2

-

-

2

-

8
8
-

9
6
3

7
1
6

5
4
i

-

2
1
1

3
2
1

2
2
~

5
4
i

1
1
-

_
-

-

_
-

2
2

4
2
2

2

4
i
3

4
2

6
5
1

3
2
1

10
7
3

6
5
1

4
4

i
i

i
i

—

CLERKS,

F IL E ,

CLASS

40.0
4 0.0
4 0.0
40.0

133.50
140.50
1 1 8 . CO
136.00

133.00
147.00
116.50
130.50

104.00-161.00
109.00-163.50
102.00-131.00
122.00-154.00

2

-

_
-

_
-

“
12
2
10

6
2
4

8

i

-

-

8

i

2

4
2
2

4
2
2

10
8
2

2

A -----------------------

17

4C.C 1 3 8 .0 0

135.00

109.00-160.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ----------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

44
29
15

4 0 . C 1 2 4.50 113.50
4 0 .0 127.00 115.00
4 0 .0 119.00 114.00

101.00-154.00
9 9 .5 0 -1 6 1 .0 0
107.50-125.00

_

_

-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ----------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N O N M AN U FAC TU RIN G -----------------------------

50
32
18

4 0 .0 146.00
4 0 .0 156.50
4 0.5 128.00

124.50-170.50
142.00-178.50
104.50-161.00

-

_

2

3

S E C R E T A R IE S ,

CLASS

See footnotes at end of table,




152.50
162.00
129.00

_

_

_

_

_

2

-

2

-

2

1
1

~

2

-

2

3

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

i
i

3
3

-

-

_
~
-

_
-

“

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earn in gs for sele cted occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis
by in du stry divisio n , Beaumont— o rt A rthur— range, T ex ., May 1969)
P
O
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

workers

$
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

Number of w ork ers receivin g s traigh t -tim e weekly earn in gs of —
S
$
$
$
$
$
*
$
$
$
$

t

$

$

$

$

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

13C

1 40

150

160

170

1 80

190

200

210

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

130

140

15C

1 60

1 10

18 0

190

200

210

220

-

-

-

4
2
2

4
2
2

10
8
2

1
1

8
3
5
3

10
1
9
i

13
6

1l
10

-

5
3
2

11

-

-

1C

-

7

3
3

1

-

4
2
2

2
2
“

10

12
2
10

32
6
26

10
4
6

3
2
1

6
6
“

20
15
5

49
47
2

31

-

4
4
“

-

-

“

2

2

5
4
1

16
4
12

9
8
1

and
under
60

WOMEN -

S

*
60

55

weekly
standard)

$

-

C O N T IN U E D

S E C R E T A R I E S 3 - C O N T IN U E D
S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------

116
82
34
16

4 0 .C
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
131 .0 0
1 3 9.00
112 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0

$
1 3 3.00
149.00
1 1 5.50
126 .0 0

$
$
1 0 3 .5 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 6 2 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0 -1 3 3 .0 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ------------------------------

228
160
68

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 C 9 .5 0
119 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

115 .0 0
119.00
82.5 0

8 4 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
7 7 .5 0 - 88.0 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N IO R ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------

131
102
29

4G .C
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

133.50
1 4 0 .5 0
1 0 9.00

1 3 6 .0 0
144.00
1 0 4.50

1 1 7 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0 -1 5 8 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

_

_
-

-

”

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ------------------------------

43
33

4C .5
4 0 .5

9 3 .0 0
82.0 0

9 1 .0 0
75.0 0

7 0 .0 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
6 7 .0 0 - 9 6 .0 0

5
5

2
2

4
4

6
6

1
1

2
2

1
1

4
4

2
2

1
“

6
6

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------

46
32

4 C .0
4 0 .0

89 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

84.0 0
9 0 .5 0

7 5 .0 0 - 9 6 .0 0
7 6 .0 0 -1 0 9 .0 0

-

2
2

5
2

5
4

6
“

7
6

5
2

5
5

-

-

3
3

T Y P IS T S ,

C L A S S A -----------------------------------

33

4 0 .0

1 C 4.00

102.00

9 5 .5 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

7

4

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------

54
47

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 6 .5 0
89.0 0

84.5 0
91.0 0

7 5 .5 0 - 99.5 0
7 8 .5 0 -1 0 1 .0 0

_

2
2

4

7

7
7

8
8

2

5
5

7
7

-

_

-

10
_
-

5

2

2

1

7

11

19

18

5
5

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1
1

-

7

_
-

_

_

_

7

8
8

_

-

34
31
3

-

-

_

_

_

19
19

20
20

15
15

12
12

9
9

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

5

-

4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2
2

2
2

2
2

2
2

-

-

_

_

_

_

~

-

-

-

12

7

-

2

10
10

-

2

7

28
3

18
7
11

_

_
-

2

1 Standard hours re fle ct the workweek for which em ployees receiv e their regu lar straigh t-tim e s a la r ie s (ex clu siv e of pay for overtim e at reg u la r an d/o r prem ium r a te s), and the earn in gs co rresp o n d
to these weekly h ou rs.
2 The mean is com puted for each job by totaling the earn in gs of all w ork ers and dividing by the number of w o rk ers. The m edian d esign ate s position— half of the em ployees surveyed receiv e m ore
than the rate shown; half rec eiv e le s s than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 r a te s of pay; a fourth of the w orkers earn l e s s than the low er of these ra te s and a fourth earn m ore than
the higher rate.
3 May include w ork ers other than those presen ted sep arately .
4 T ran sp ortation , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.




9

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earn in gs fo r sele cted occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis
by in du stry divisio n , B eaum on t-P ort Arthur— range, T ex ., May 1969)
O
We ekl y e ar ni ng s 1
(standard)

Se x, o c c u p a tio n , and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Numbe r
of

Ave rage
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —
S

*

M ean 2

Mi ddl e range 2

s

$

$

$
115

120

120

125

%

100

105

110

t

$

*

»

t

$

$

$

%

t

110

115

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

190

200 210

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210 220

2
2

Under
Me d ia n 2

95

3

1

2
2

12
11

18
13

16
16

7
7

3

4
4

6
6

$

220

$

$
230

240

240

250

and
under

t
95

10C

105

230

MEN

DR AFTSM EN *

CLASS

A

------------- --------------------- --

38
38

4 0 .C
4 0 .0

$
1 9 8 .5 0
1 9 8 .5 0

$
1 9 7 .5 0
1 9 7 .5 0

$
$
1 8 9 .0 0 -2 2 0 .5 0
1 8 9 .0 0 -2 2 0 .5 0

1 7 7 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0

1 5 6 .0 0 -1 9 7 .0 0
1 5 4 .0 0 -1 9 8 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0 -1 6 4 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0 -1 7 0 .0 0

1 3 9 .0 0 -1 7 1 .5 0

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B -------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------

1C 8

102

4 0 .0

1 7 4 .5 0
1 7 4 .5 0

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S C -------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------

64

4 0 .0

1 4 0 .5 0

55

4 0 .0

1 4 2 .5 0

1 4 1 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0

39
39

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 6 .5 0
1 5 6 .5 0

1 6 2 .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0

4 0 .0

-

-

-

2
2

4

1
1

1
1

1
1

2
2

3

_

_

_

_

1
1

1
1

-

“

6
6

_

“
4

5

1
1

6
6

5
5

4

5

3

5

4

3

5

11
11

5
5

4
4

2
2

12
12

5
5

3
3

5

3

5

1

"

3

1
15
15

2
2

2

11
11

5
5

2
2

1
1

-

_

—

_

_

2
2

-

-

-

_

~

_

_

WOMEN

N U R S E S , IN D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ----M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------

1 3 9 .0 0 -1 7 1 .5 0

_

4

4

_

_

1 Standard hours refle ct the workweek for which em ployees receiv e their reg u la r straigh t-tim e s a la r ie s (ex clu siv e of pay for overtim e at regu lar an d/o r prem ium r a te s), and the earn in gs correspon d
to these weekly hours.
2 F o r definition of te rm s, see footnote 2, table A - l.




10

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and e arn in gs for sele cted occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis
by industry division , Beaum ont— ort A rthu r-O ran ge, T e x ., May 1969)
P
A ve rage

O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

O F F IC E

N um ber
of
workers

W eekly
e arnings 1
(standard) (standard)
W eekly

O C C U P A T IO N S

A verage

O F F IC E

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R S ,
C L A S S B ---------------------------------------------------

39

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G , C L A S S A ------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

192
164
28

4C .C 1 6 3 .5 0
4C .C 1 7 0 .0 0
4 0 . C 1 2 5 .5 0

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G , C L A S S B ------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------

196
107

4 0 . C 1 0 3 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 1 5 .0 0

4C .0

$
7 4 .0 0

N um ber
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n a nd i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

O C C U P A T IO N S -

W eekly
hours 1
(standard )

W eekly

A verage

O c c u p a t io n and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

(standard)

C O N T IN U E D

O F F IC E

S E C R E T A R I E S 2--------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N U N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------------

232
157
75
32

4 0 .C
4 0 .C
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 3 3 .5 0
1 4 1 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0

A -----------------------

17
44
29
15

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 4 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0

S E C R E T A R IE S , C LA S S C
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------N C N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----

51
33
IB

4C .C
4 0 .0
4 0 .5

1 4 6 .5 0
15 7 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------------

116
82
34
16

4 0 .C
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 1 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ----------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

228
160

4 C .0
4 0 .0
4C .C

1 0 9 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0
8 6 . 50

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N IO R ■
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----

134

F IL E ,

------------------------------

45

4 0 .0

O R D ER -----------------------------------------

33

4 0 . C 1 3 3 .5 0

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L --------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ------------------------------------

74
56
18

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 2 8 .0 0
1 4 0 . 5G
8 9 .5 0

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ---------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------

34
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 2 . CO
1 2 7 .5 0

K EY P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ---------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------------

57
28
29

4 C .0
4 0 .0
4 C .0

9 7 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0
8 1 .5 0

O F F I C E B O YS ANC G I R L S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------

24
24

4 0 .C
4 0 .0

S E C R E T A R IE S ,

CLASS

9 5 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t 't h e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u l a r
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 M a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s o th e r th a n t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a nd o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




C O N T IN U E D
43
33

4 0 .5
4 0 .5

$
9 3 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

S W IT C H B C A R C C P E R A T Q R —R E C E P T IO N 1 S T S—
M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------

46
32

4C .C
4C .C

8 9 . 0C
9 4 .5 0

A -----------------------------------

33

4 0 .0

1 0 4 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S 6 --------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------

56
49

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 7 .0 0
8 9 .5 0

38
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 8 .5 0
1 9 8 .5 0

B -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

110
104

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 4 .5 0
1 7 5 .0 0

C R A F T S M E N , C L A S S C -------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------

66
57

4 0 . C 1 4 1 .5 0
4 0 . C 1 4 3 .0 0

N U R S E S , IN D U S T R IA L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ----M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------

42
42

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

CLASS

8 7 .0 0

CLERK S,
CLERKS,

B

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S 8 ------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ------------------------------

T Y P IS T S ,

CLASS

-

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

4 0 . C 1 3 8 . GO

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N U N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------

O C C U P A T IO N S

N um ber
of
workers

s t r a ig h t - t im e

68
102
32

4 0 . C 13 3 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 4 0 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 1 1 .0 0

P R O F E S S IO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L
O C C U P A T IO N S
D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S A -------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------------D RAFTSM EN, C LA S S
M A N U F A C T U R IN G

s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r t im e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m

1 5 4 . 5C
1 5 4 .5 0

r a t e s ) , a n d the e a r n in g s

11

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earn in gs for men in sele cted occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis
by in du stry division , Beau m on t-P ort Arthui—O range, T e x ., May 1969)
Hourly eamings 1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r l y e a r n in g s o f—
*
2 .5 0

Number

Occupation and in dustry division

workers

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
2 .7 0

s

*
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

$

• 60

$

3 .3 0

3. 50

t

3 .2 0

$
3 .4 0

$

2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

t

2 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

$
3 .9 0

$
4 .0 0

$
$
4 . 10 4 . 2 0

$
4 .3 0

$
4 .4 0

$
4 .5 0

4 .6 C

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 . 60

.7 0 3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 .1 0

4 . 20 4 . 3 0

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

4 .6 0

over

176
176

55

8

318

s

and
2. 50 u n d e r
2 .6 0

4 .1 3
4 .1 0

4 .2 6
4 .t 6

$

$

$

391

4 .2 1

4 .3 4

4 .3 1 -

4 .3 7

E N G IN E E R S , S T A T IO N A R Y -------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------

64
53

4 .2 9
4 .3 0

4 .4 8

4 .4 1 4 .4 1 -

4 .5 4
4 .5 4

F IR E M E N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R ---------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------

7b
71

3 .9 0
3 .9 8

4 .0 5
4 .C 8

3 .9 3 3 .9 5 -

4 .2 5
4 .2 5

8
8

H E L P E R S , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S -------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------

135
172

3 .2 8
3 .3 3

3 .5 2
3 .5 3

2 .9 7 -

3 .5 9

2

*

M A C H I N I S T S , M A IN T E N A N C E ---------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------

"7 6

/

^ *3 0

12
12

18
18

12
12

M E C H A N IC S , A U T O M O T IV E
( M A IN T E N A N C E ! --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ------------------------

y * on
2C

3 *2 1

^ " '> 4
3 *2 5

2 *8 1

4 .0 5

4 .2 5
4 .2 5

3 .7 3 - 4 .3 2
3 .7 8 - 4 .3 2

4

23
20

263

C A R P E N T E R S , M A IN T E N A N C E ---------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------E L E C T R I C I A N S , M A IN T E N A N C E -----------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------

-

M E C H A N IC S , M A IN T E N A N C E -----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------- —
N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------

399

$

3 .1 1 -

P A I N T E R S , M A IN T E N A N C E ------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------P I P E F I T T E R S , M A IN T E N A N C E ------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R S, M A IN T E N A N C E —
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------

-

-

-

-

-

2

4

-

24
23

4

ii
ii

1

15
13

-

-

-

-

i

2

21
21
22
22

72

3 *2 7
232
232
7Ar
t
i,
52
51

-

8

10
10

-

4

21
21

33
33

32
32
12
10

3 *8 4
8
-

-

-

-

-

16
16

-

7
6

41
38

1

18
18

-

4 .2 5
4 .2 5

4 .2 7
4 .2 7

4 .2 3 4 .2 3 -

4 .3 3
4 .3 3

' Ofi
/ oo
4 .*.

/ on
/
*

4 . ‘‘ 5

4 .3 3
4 .3 3

4 .2 8 4 .2 9 -

4 .3 7
4 .3 7

120
120

79
79

15

36

2

-

2

^ *3 5

4 .2 8
4 .2 9

17 2
164
8

144
144

-

8
8

17
17

I

3 .8 0

3 *1 7

.

-

-

-

E xclu d es prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, h o lidays, and late shifts.
F o r definition of te rm s, see footnote 2, table A - l.




10

13
13

4 . 2 2 - 4 .2 9

8

M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------

$

$

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

I

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , B e au m o n t— o r t A rth u r—O ra n g e, T e x . , M ay 1969)
P
H ourly e arnings 2

GUARDS ANC WATCHMEN --------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

%

1 .7 0

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s try d iv isio n

woifcers

266
167

M e an 3

$
2 .9 0
3 .5 1

M e d ia n 3

M iddle ran ge 3

i

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—
$
$
$
3
%
$
i
$
S
$
t
$
2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2 . 3 0 2 . A0 2 . 5 0 2 . 60 2 . 7 0 2 . 8 0 2 . 9 C 3 . 0 0 3 . 1 0 3 . 2 0

$
s
1 .7 0 1 .8 0

1 .8 0

2 . 00 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0

6
4

“

$
1 .6 0

i . 90 2 . 0 0

t
$
%
i
t
3 . A0 3 . 6 0 3 . 8 0 4 . 3 0 4 .2 C

$
and
1 .6 0 u n der

$
3 .3 A
3 .7 A

$
$
1 .9 1 - 3 .7 6
3 . A8— 3 . 8 0

-

—
1 .9 0

59

3A

6
4

2 .3 0

2 . A0 2 . 5 0

2 .6 0

-

~

4
2

4
4

“

~

2 . 70 2 . 8 0

_

2 .9 C 3 . CO 3 . 1C 3 . 2 0 3 . A0 3 . 6 0

11
11

5
5

1
1

-

1
1

3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0

5
5

16
16

7A
74

26
26

and
over

2
2

12
12

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

1A9

3 .6 6

3 .7 5

3 .6 A - 3 . 8 2

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

A

-

-

-

-

1

5

1

-

1

5

16

7A

26

2

12

J A N I T O R S , P O RTE RS, ANC CLEANERS ---MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

468
212
256

2 .3 2
2 .9 3
1 .8 2

2 .1 3
3 .2 0
1 .6 9

1 .6 8 - 3 .1 7
2 .7 3 - 3 .2 6
1 . 6 A— 1 . 9 0

6
6

1A1
2
139

34
8
26

27
5
22

9
A
5

9
1
8

31
20
11

5
4
i

8
4
4

11
2
9

22
22

-

12
12

5
2
3

8
8

4
4

27
27

99
99

_
-

10
10

_
-

_
-

-

LA BO RE RS , MATERIAL HANDLING -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------P U BLI C U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------------------

372
267
IC5
33

2 .8 A
2 .9 7
2 .5 0
3 .0 6

2 .9 9
3 .1 8
2 .A 5
3 .0 5

2 .3 5 2 .8 2 2 .1 5 2 .5 9 -

_
-

21
12
9
“

-

8
2
6

5
2
3
2

3
—
3
“

12
12

A2
A0
2
“

5
2
3
“

28
28
“

15
15
7

-

5
2
3
3

39
39
-

4
4
4

2
2
2

A3
A3
-

105
103
2
2

6
6
6

29
22
7
7

_
-

_
-

F I L L E R S -------------------------------------

31

2 .0 9

2 .C 5

1 .8 9 - 2 .2 9

-

3

-

5

1

1A

-

1

4

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

RE C E IV I N G CLERKS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

AS
23
25

3 .0 5
3 .8 9
2 .2 7

2 .6 9
3 .9 9
2 .1 9

2 .1 8 - 3 .9 9
3 .A 5 - A . 19
1 .9 6 - 2 .5 5

_
-

-

4
A

“

4
A

1
1

A
4

1
1

2
1
1

5
5

—

4
i
3

1
1

~
-

-

-

2
2

2
2
-

3
3
-

2
2
-

2
2
-

6
6
-

55
5
1

ORDER

3 .2 7
3 .2 9
2 .5 9
3 .5 9

CLERKS -----------------------------------

16

3 .1 A

2 .9 5

2 .7 3 - 3 .6 8

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

"

-

-

1

-

4

-

1

1

1

1

1

-

2

TR UC K OR IV E RS 6 --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------------------

541
2 8A
257
84

3 .0 9
3 .3 8
2 .7 7
3 .6 9

3 .A 8
3 .6 3
2 .8 5
3 .8 3

2 .5 2 3 .4 6 2 .0 5 3 .4 8 -

-

36
26
10

3
3

3A
34

6
6

22
22

1
i

29
4
25

3
3

-

1
~
1

9
2
7

16
16

30
30

A
2
2
1

19
17
2
“

11
6
5
3

102
77
25
2A

1A6
146

59
3
56
56

_

-

10
1
9

“

15

_

_

_

_

_

_

2
2

_
-

_
-

_

-

_

SHIPPING

3 .7 A
3 .7 4
3 .A 7
3 .8 7

TR UC K OR IV E RS , LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

130
79
51

2 .9 5
3 .5 7
1 .9 8

3 .5 2
3 .7 0
1 .8 9

1 .9 9 - 3 .7 2
3 .5 4 - 3 .7 5
1 • 8 A— 2 .0 A

TRU C K OR IV ER S, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------------------

278
122
156
52

3.C A
3 .2 C
2 .9 0
3 .6 5

3 .2 6
3 .5 9
2 .9 A
3 .8 1

2 .7 3 3 .1 6 2 .A 3 3 .A 5 -

TR UCK OR IVE RS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS
T R A IL E R TY PE) --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

59
5C

3 .0 0
3 .1 5

3 .5 9
3 .8 1

2 . 2 A— 3 . 8 6
2 .2 7 - 3 .8 7

TRU C K OR IV ER S, HEAVY (OVER A TONS
OTHER THAN TRA ILE R TY PE) -----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

58
58

3 .5 9
3 .5 9

3 .6 5
3 .6 5

3 .A 6 - 3 . 7 6
3 .A 6 - 3 . 7 6

TR UC K ER S, POWER ( F O R K L I F T ) -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

205
195

3 .A 9
3 .5 6

3 .7 0
3 .7 1

3 . 6 0 - 3 .8 A
3 .6 2 - 3 .8 5

-

1
2
3
4
5
6

3 .7 2
3 .7 A
3 .A 6
3 .8 6

_

1

i

28

3

15

_
-

2

6

-

-

2
2

5
5

_

i

31
22
9

2

6

4

_

_

“

-

-

2
2

-

1
1

A
2

2
2

2

_
-

i
i

7
A

12
12

17
13

6
6

3
3

_
_

4
2

_
-

_

-

6
i
5

4
4

2
2

1
~
1

_

7
7

_

~

-

16
16

_

30
30

-

7
7

3
2
1

12
10
2

-

_

_

—

_

"

1

1
1

4
2
2

23
23
“

A5
A5
_

7
4
3
1

49
25
2A
23

58
58

28

—

28
23

1
1

_

29
28

29
29

28

1

D a ta lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w ee k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
A ll w o r k e r s w e re a t $ 5 to $ 5 .2 0 .
In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and ty p e o f tr u c k o p e r a te d .




3

-

27
27

2
2

-

8A
8A

71
71

“

-

4
4

_

18
18

“

-

-

-

-

-

“

”

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

_
_

13

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D is t r ib u t io n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s , B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u r —O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1969)
I n e x p e r ie n c e d t y p i s t s
M a n u f a c tu r i ng
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f--A ll
sc h e d u le s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d ___________________________________
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in im u m ______________

82
27

A ll
in d u s tr ie s
40

38

XXX

44

XXX

82

38

14

13

13

12

44

23

2
11
1
2
2
1
1
2
1
2
_
2

1
4
1
2
2
1
2
1

4
_
i
2
2
1
2
1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c i f i e d m i n im u m ______________

4

3

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ich d id not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y _______________________________________________

51

21

_
1
7
1
1
1
1
-

A ll
sc h e d u le s

_

_

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

44

XXX

22

21

19

3
1
10
1
1
1
1
1
1
_
-

2
10
l
l
l
l
l
l
_
_
-

-

-

_
_
_
_
_
_
1

_
_
_
l

XXX

1
5
1
1
2
1
_
2
1
1
_
3
1
4

_
5
1
1
2
_
1
_
_
2
1
1
_
3
1
4

-

-

_
_
_
1

_
_
1

3
2
15
2
2
3
1
1
2
2
1
1
_
3
1
5

XXX

1

XXX

9

7

XXX

2

XXX

XXX

30

XXX

29

8

XXX

21

XXX

7
1
1
1
1
-

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in im u m s t a r t i n g (h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s su c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f ic e g i r l .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .




N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f---

40

_

1
2
3

_

M a n u fa c tu r in g

A ll
sc h e d u le s

_

U n d e r $ 6 0 . 0 0 _______________________________________________
$ 6 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 6 2 . 50__________________________________
$ 6 2 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 __________________________________
$ 6 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 __________________________________
$ 6 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 __________________________________
$ 7 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 7 2 . 50__________________________________
$ 7 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 __________________________________
$ 7 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 7 7 . 50
$ 7 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 __________________________________
$ 8 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 8 2 . 50_______ ____ ______________ ____ ___
$ 8 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 8 5 . 0 0 _______ ____ ______________________
$ 8 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 8 7 . 50__________________________________
$ 8 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 9 0 . 00
$ 9 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 9 2 . 50__________________________ _____
$ 9 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 9 5 . 0 0 __________________________________
$ 9 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 9 7 . 50__________________________________
$ 9 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 10 0 . 0 0 ________________________________
$ 1 0 0 .0 0 an d u n d e r $ 1 0 2 .5 0 ________________________________
$ 10 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 5 . 0 0 ________________________________
$ 1 0 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 7 .5 0 ________________________________
$ 1 0 7 . 50 and o v e r

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

_
_
_




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u j—O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 9 6 9 )

jA U jD la n £ jv o r k e r s_ in _ m a n u fa c tu r in g > ^ _ 1 0 0 p e r £ e n t J _ ^ ^ ^ _ ^ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —

L a t e - s h ift p a y p r o v is io n

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g p r o v i s i o n s 1
fo r la te s h ifts
S e c o n d sh ift

T h i r d o r o th e r
sh ift

A c t u a l l y w o r k in g o n l a t e s h i f t s

S e co n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

1 1 .3

T o ta l____________________________________________

9 5 .3

8 8 .3

1 8 .5

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t --------

1 .2

1 .2

0 .5

0 .1

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t -------------

9 4 .1

8 7 .1

1 7 .9

11 .2

8 9 .8

7 9 .2

1 6 .3

11 .1

5 .2
2 .2
2 .1
2 .4
1 4 .2
1 .4
1 .0
2 .2
5 9 .1
-

.4

1 .2
.3
.2
.5
3 .5
.3

T y p e an d am ou n t o f d iffe r e n tia l:
U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) ----------------------5 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------6 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------7 c e n t s ___________________________________
8 c e n t s ___________________________________
10 c e n t s --------------------------------------------103/4 c e n t s ________________________________
11 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------12 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------I 2 V2 c e n t s ------------------------------------------15 c e n t s __________________________________
16 c e n t s ________________________ ________
18 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------2 0 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------30 c e n t s __________________________________
O th e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ----------------

1
c o v e r la te

4 .3

-

-

2 .2
-

l.Z
1.1
.8
2 .4
1 .0
1 1 .1
5 9 .1

.4
1 0 .0
-

7 .8

1 .7

-

-

I n c l u d e s a l l p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
s h i f t s e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .

_
-

.1
-

.2
.1
.5
.1
.4
9 .7
.1

w h ose fo r m a l p r o v is io n s

15

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , B e a u m o n t— o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1969)
P
O
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W ee k ly h o u r s
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s __________________________________

100

U n d e r 3 7 V2 h o u r s _________________________________
3 7 Vz h o u r s ____________________ __________________
O v e r 3 7 V2 a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s __________________
40 h o u r s ___________________________________________
O v e r 40 a n d u n d e r 4 5 h o u r s _____________________
45 h o u r s ___________________________________________
O v e r 45 h o u r s _________ _________________________

1
3
2
86
1
4
3

1
2
3
4
5

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

100

100

100

3

_

_

-

M a n u fa c tu r in g

93

.
4

99
_
1

1
2

(5 )

95
1
_

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

2
1
97
(5 )

(5 )

S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k ly h o u r s w h ich a m a jo r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id fo r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t im e r a t e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




100

_
_

100
_

_

16

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , B e a u m o n t— o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1969)
P
O
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

I te m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 1

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________________

_____

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a i d h o l i d a y s ____________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id h o l i d a y s _________________________________

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

97

99

100

100

-

-

_
3
7
90
-

100

99

3

-

1

2
2
1

2
1
7
1
11
68
9

16
83
-

9
78
89
90
97
97
98
100
100

83
99
99
99
99
99
99
99

(4 )

N um ber of days
5
1
3
4
5
5
b
7
8
9

h a lf d a y s ________________________________________
h o lid a y _______________________ -___ _____________
h o l i d a y s _________________________________________
h o l i d a y s ________________________________________
h o lid a y s ___________________________ ________
h o lid a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s __ __________________
h o lid a y s
h o l i d a y s _________________________________________
h o l i d a y s __ ____ _______________ ____ ___ __________
h o l i d a y s __________ ____________
—
___ ___

13
(4 )
4
10
58
7

-

-

_

-

(4 )
(4)
(4 )
14
4
16
8
53
5

-

-

(4)
11
1
13
66
9

T o t a l h o lid a y t i m e 5
9 days
_ ______________________________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________ — ______
6 d a y s o r m o r e . _____ _____ ___________________
5 d a y s o r m o r e __ ____ _________________________
4 d a y s o r m o r e _____________________ _____ _____
3 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________
2 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________
1 d a y o r m o r e ___ __ ---------- -------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
a n d no

7
65
75
79
92
92
93
95
97

-

5
58
66
86
98
98
98
98
99

9
75
88
89
99
99
100
100
100

-

90
97
97
100
100
100
100
100

I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
A ll c o m b in a t io n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 9 fu ll d a y s
h a lf d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u ll d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s th e n w e r e c u m u la t e d .




17

Table B-5. Paid Vacations'
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1969)
O
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l ic y

A ll w o r k e r s __________________________________

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

100

100

100

100

100

100

96
89
7

97
88
9

100
100
-

100
100

-

99
99
-

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ________ _________________ _______
L e n g t h - o f - t im e p a y m e n t _____________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t_____________ ______ ______
O t h e r ____________________ ____ _________________ _
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a t i o n s _______________________________

-

100
100
-

(5 )

"

"

_
34

1
25

_
34

_
26

_
25
4
69

_
48
1
51

_
29
71

_
19
81

_
45
55

26
4
66
“

23
5
70

15
1
84

13
(S )
84
2

17
1
82
-

93
-

10
4
78
3
1

10
5

_
1
99
-

8
1
88

10
3
87

6
94

-

-

3

1

1
99

3
1
90

1
3
95

-

-

-

6

1

-

-

4

3

1
8

_
8

1
34
3
57

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 6
A f t e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w ee k ______________________________________
1 w ee k _____________________________________________
A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w ee k ______________________________________
1 w ee k _____________________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w ee k _____________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________

7
-

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ee k _____________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________

•

77
4
1

-

A fte r 4 y e a r s of se r v ic e
1 w ee k _____________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s _ ______________________________________ _

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f ta b le .




4
4
85
3
1

2
5
85
4
1

6
-

94
-

18

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
--(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of p lan t and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by v a c a tio n pay
p r o v isio n s, B eau m o n t— o r t A rth u r— ran ge, T e x ., M ay 1969)
P
O
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l ic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

i
_
62
_
37

_
40
_
60

89

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 6— C o n tin u e d
A fte r 5 y e a r s of se r v ic e
1 w ee k ______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________ ____ ____________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________

2
(5 )
43
3
49

i
28
4
65

_
i
92
7

2
(5 )
22
6
19
48

1
15
8
11
63

_

2
(5 )
20
6
21
48

1
14
8
12
63

87
7

2
(5 )
12
33
3
48

1
5
25
4
63

1
92
7

2
(5)
11
18
6
13
47

1
4
17
8
6
62

83
7

2
(5)
11
12
3
21
48

1
4
10
4
17
62

1
4
61
34

6

5

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ee k _____________________________________________ _
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s __________ ____ ___________ __________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________ _______
3 w e e k s ________________ ________________________ ___
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________

1
5
87
7

(5 )
25
1
42
32

_
25
2
13
60

(5 )
3
92
5

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ee k ________ _____________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________

_
1
5
-

(5 )
22
1
45
32

_
20
2
18
60

(5 )
3
_
92
5

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________ ____ ______
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s _____________ ______________________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v er 3 and u n d er 4 w eek s
4 w eeks

_

(5 )
14
51
35

_
11
28
_
61

(5 )
_
95
_
5

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ee k ______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________ ____ ________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w eeks
......... .......
5 w e e k s ____________________________________________

.
1
-

9
-

(5 )
14
16
1
38
31

_
10
18
2
11
59

(5 )
4
_
91
5

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ______________________ ; ______________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
5 w e e k s ____________________________________________

See footn otes at end of tab le.




_

(5 )
14
12
39
36

_
10
11
_
19

60

(5 )
_
1
_
74
25

19

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
--( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u r —O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a tio n p o lic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 6— C o n t i n u e d

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________________
5 w e e k s ________________________________________________

2
(5 )

11
12

3

21
48

i

_

-

1

4

-

10
4
17
62

4
_
61
34

(5 )

_
-

12

10
11

39
36

19
60

14

_

-

(5 )
-

1

_
74
25

M a x im u m v a c a tio n a v a ila b le

1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________________
5 w e e k s ________________________________________________
6 w e e k s ________________________________________________

2
(5)

11
12
3

21
43
5

1

4

10
4
17

55
6

_

1

4
61
34

(5 )

_
-

12

10
11

39

19

33
3

55
6

14
-

-

1 I n c lu d e s b a s i c p l a n s o n ly .
E x c l u d e s p l a n s su c h a s v a c a t io n b o n u s , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s , a n d t h o s e p l a n s w h ich o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s to
q u a lify in g le n g th s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p i c a l o f su c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t o th e r th a n " le n g t h o f t i m e , " su c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u iv a le n t tim e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y a n d do no t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
For
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s * s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e tw e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t iv e .
T h u s, th e p r o p o r t io n e l i g i b l e
p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e e l ig i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .




(5 )
-

1

74

25

w o r k e r s w ith

of 2 p e rce n t
e x a m p le , the
fo r 3 w eek s'

20

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , 1 B e a u m o n t— o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1969)
P
O
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

T y p e o f b e n e f it
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s __________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g a t
l e a s t 1 o f th e b e n e f it s sh o w n b e l o w --------------

100

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

100

100

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

96

99

100

99

99

100

L i f e i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------A c c i d e n t a l d e a t h an d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
• i n s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------------S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o th 5----------------------------------

90

95

100

97

99

100

41

37

56

60

49

46

85

96

50

81

90

48

S i c k n e s s an d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e -----------S ic k le a v e (fu ll p a y an d no
w a itin g p e r io d ) ------------------------------------S ic k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r io d ) -------------------------------------

41

50

5

21

36

1

21

22

13

66

82

24

36

40

31

12

1

23

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ---------------------------S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------------M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------------C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n -------------------------------------

95
95
85
63
82

99
99
88
65
90

100
100
93
89
82

99
99
96
81
84

99
99
97
72
84

100
100
94
91
83

1 I n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ich a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t t h o s e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y ,
an d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S i c k le a v e p la n s a r e li m it e d to t h o s e w h ich d e f in i t e l y e s t a b l i s h
at le a st
th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




21

Table B-7. Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment
(P e rc e n t d istrib u tio n of plan t and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u str y d iv isio n s by m ethod of w age d e te r m in a tio n 1
and fre q u e n c y of w age paym en t, Beau m on t— o r t A rthur—O ran g e, T e x ., M ay 1969)
P
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
M a n u fa c tu r in g

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

100

100

100

100

100

100

98
95
73
22

100
98
83
15

100
99
53
46

100
68
6
62

100
71
5
67

100
94
17
77

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t i o n 1
P a id tim e r a t e s ----------------------------------------------F o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y ------------------------------------S in g le r a t e _________________________________
R a n g e o f r a t e s _____________________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a u t o m a t ic
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d in g to
le n g th o f s e r v i c e ________ ____ ________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on m e r i t
r e v ie w _________________________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a
c o m b in a t io n o f le n g th o f
s e r v i c e a n d m e r i t r e v i e w --------------N o f o r m a l r a t e p o lic y ________________________
P a id b y in c e n t iv e m e th o d s _______________________
P i e c e r a t e --------------------------------------------------I n d iv id u a l----------------------------------------------G r o u p ---------------------------------------------------P r o d u c t io n b o n u s ---------------------------------------I n d iv id u a l----------------------------------------------G r o u p ----------------------------------------------------C o m m i s s i o n -----------------------------------------------

8

3

44

29

28

69

( 5)

-

2

6

9

5

13

13
2
-

-

27
32
-

29
29
-

3
6
-

4

2
( 5)
( 5)

-

1
-

-

-

-

1

-

-

“

“

49

46

46
5

51
3

M e th o d o f d e t e r m in in g in c e n t iv e p a y o f o f f ic e w o r k e r s n o t p r e s e n t e d

F re q u e n c y of w age paym ent
W e e k ly -----------------------------------------------------------B iw e e k ly ---------------------------------------------------------S e m im o n t h ly ______________________________________
M o n th ly ----------------------------------------------------------O th e r f r e q u e n c y ----------------------------------------------

-

1
70

29
-

13
43
43
1

10

_

29
59
1

75
25
-

1 F o r a d e sc r ip tio n of the m eth ods of w age d e te rm in atio n , se e In tro du ctio n .
In c lu d es d a ta fo r w h o lesa le t r a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in add ition to th o se in d u str y d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
3 T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n icatio n , and other p ublic u t ilit ie s .
4 In c lu d es d a ta fo r w h o lesa le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin an c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in .ad d itio n to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a t e ly .
5 L e s s than 0.5 p ercen t.







Appendix.

Occupational D escriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b li s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m th o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b il lin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s, E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c ., w h ich a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o l v e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a l ly in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b il l b e in g p r e p a r e d an d i s o fte n d o n e on a f a n fo ld
m a c h in e .

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK,

O RDER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l l y .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o ut a n o r d e r
s h e e t li s t i n g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s an d q u a n t i t ie s o f it e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; an d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f il e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la ss A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e of th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
b y han d.

CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a ta on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; an d
p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in f o r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , an d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s an d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p an d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .

C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l, c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .

CO M PTO M ETER O PERATOR

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le te s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o rk in v o l v e s p o s tin g a n d b a la n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; an d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , a n d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
jo b i s n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ich , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n ta l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u t ie s .
KEYPUNCH O PERATOR

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t in g o p e ra ticy n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s tin g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l le d by
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u ir e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e r o u tin e
a c c o u n t in g w o rk i s su b d iv id e d on a fu n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r of v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r
m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
a l l g r o u p of lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s ~ o r ~ p ir r tly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e la t e d in d e x an d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s an d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c . , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s an d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y the
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
a n d s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s an d c r e d i t s l i p s .

CLERK,

F IL E

C l a s s A . In an e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , an d i n v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b il lin g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :

23

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a ta f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o rk r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f so m e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to be p u n ch ed ; e x t r a c t s in fo r m a t io n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r an d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a t io n on the d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in fo r m a t io n to be p u n c h e d .
M ay tra in
i n e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

24
S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C la ss B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r f o llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to p u n ch ed c a r d s .
O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r
a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h ta b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rkin g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o ll o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e l i t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a ta to b e p u n ch ed . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n ,
e t c . , a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

d.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d re d
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F IC E

BO Y OR G IR L

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o se r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
to one of th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o se s u b o r d in a t e s t a f f
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s an d i s u s u a l l y d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ich a r e o fte n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r su b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r

SEC R ET A R Y
b.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l of
o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s .v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : (a) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e te c h n ic a l i n q u ir i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s : (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r s f i l e s ; (c) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in tm e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t io n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e a n d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o rk o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .

STEN O G R A PH ER ,

E x c lu sio n s

Not a ll p o sitio n s that a r e titled " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above c h a r a c t e r i s t ic s . E x a m p le s
of p o sitio n s which a r e exclu d ed fr o m the defin ition a r e a s fo llo w s: (a) P o sitio n s which do not m e et
the " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y con cep t d e s c r ib e d ab o v e; (b) ste n o g ra p h e r s not fu lly tra in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
type d u tie s: (c) st e n o g ra p h e rs se rv in g a s o ffic e a s s i s t a n t s to a gro u p of p r o fe s s io n a l, te ch n ical,
or m a n a g e r ia l p e r so n s; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o sitio n s in which the d u tie s a r e e ith e r su b sta n tia lly m o re
routin e or su b sta n tia lly m o re co m p le x and re sp o n sib le than th o se c h a r a c te r iz e d in the defin itio n ;
and (e) a s s is t a n t type p o sitio n s which in volve m o re d iffic u lt o r m o re r e sp o n sib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
is t r a t iv e , su p e r v is o r y , or sp e c ia liz e d c l e r ic a l d u ties which a r e not ty p ic a l of s e c r e t a r i a l w ork.
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in i t io n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f ic a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s no t
in a l l c a s e s id e n tify su c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff ) a r e no t c o n s i d e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o llo w in g le v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la ss A
over

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r
m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss
a.
f e w e r th a n

se g ­

B

S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th a n c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) of
a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l) o v e r e i t h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .)
o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 0 0 b u t fe w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r




C la ss D

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t . (N O T E : M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is le v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .)
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e an d r e s p o n s i ­
b il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W ork r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e of
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s an d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g an d r o u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; an d
a n s w e r in g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o rk .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n te le p h o n e s w i tc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s fu l l te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to d o in g
r o u tin e w o rk a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i tc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e a s s i g n m e n t .
( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w hen th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r ie d fu n c tio n s th a t a r e
n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r
i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to w h ich e x t e n s io n s a r e
a p p r o p r ia te fo r c a ll s .)
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n te le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s . M a y
p e r f o r m li m it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s
if th e fu n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n
p u r p o s e s , o r if th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e
f u r n is h e d , o r if c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

25
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u t ie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e filin g w o r k . T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e s p o r t io n s o f a w o rk
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t io n s .
T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ,

G ENERAL

T A B U E A T IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a ll y
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , and p e r f o r m s d if f ic u lt
w ir in g a s r e q u i r e d .
T h e c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ich o fte n a r e of i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e d in t r a i n in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s an d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o rk a n d p r o d u c tio n o f a g r o u p o f ta b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y a n d do s i m p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s le g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e no t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g an d d is t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a il .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f in a l f o r m w h en it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y fo r c o r r e c t s p e l li n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in t a in u n if o r m i t y a n d
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f i c u l t ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
ta b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o rk i s
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y in v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u l a t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te b ut s m a l l ta b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s an d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l ly o f a r e c u r r i n g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a i n in g o f new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

P R O F E S S IO N A L

AND

T E C H N IC A L

D R A F T S M A N --- C o n tin u e d

D R A FT SM A N
C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , an d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s it i o n a l r e la t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts a n d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .

c o m p o n e n t s a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , an d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in it i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N -T R A C E R
C o p i e s p la n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s an d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s not in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m it e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t in g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s an d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t in g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u ir e th e a p p l i ­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s t y p ic a ll y in ­
v o lv e su c h w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le f u n c t io n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e la t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f lo o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , e tc.
R e c e i v e s in it i a l in s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o rk i s c h e c k e d f o r te c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s i m p le o r r e p e t it i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U R SE,

M A IN T E N A N C E

AND

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t an d m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk a n d e q u ip m e n t su c h a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s t a b li s h m e n t . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t of th e f o llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g an d la y in g o u t o f w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ;




W o rk i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d

I N D U S T R I A L (R E G I S T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t i o n to il l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e il l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e il l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s * i n ju r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s fo r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m i n a t io n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g .out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t io n s
( d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g of

CARPENTER,

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m ro u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; an d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e tu p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

PO VERPLANT

CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e le c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

2 6

E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E ( M A IN T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s su c h a s th e in s t a l l a t i o n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g an y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m
b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls an d m e a s u r i n g a n d
t e s t i n g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p p ly th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk in v o l v e s : O p e r a t in g a n d m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s an d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; an d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e ls to f i r e b y h an d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o il , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p li e d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly in g , li f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s he i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LRO O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n of
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u ir i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n i z e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d l u b r ic a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in to o l a n d d ie jo b b in g sh o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s an d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it t e n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; sh a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o rk ;
a n d fit tin g an d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith it e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n of a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s fo r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , an d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r i g g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a l l i n g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d if f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f in is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , a n d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in a n
e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y i n g o ut o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g to l o ­
c a te p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLU M BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk i n v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g in s t a l l a t i o n o f v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; i n s t a l lin g o r r e ­
p a i r in g p ip e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; an d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly
a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )

S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER,

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d i n s t a l lin g

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
out a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y of




M A IN T E N A N C E

27
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f it t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d in s t a l lin g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls an d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
st a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s of c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g of
m a c h in e t o o l s an d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , an d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r ic a t io n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o rk in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g of p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; an d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
tr a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p an d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d ie s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and
la y in g o ut of w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

C U S T O D IA L

AND

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
sh o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s in to o l an d d ie jo b b in g

M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T

GUARD AND W ATCHM AN

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V IN G C L E R K

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o l ic e d u t i e s , e i t h e r a t fix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te an d
c h e c k on id e n tity of e m p l o y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s an d i s r e s p o n s i b l e fo r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k in v o l v e s ; A k n o w le d g e of sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a te ; and p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r if y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d i n g , i n v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s an d f ile s .

t h e ft,

W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,
a n d i l l e g a l e n tr y .

J A N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

OR C LEA N ER

(S w e e p e r; ch arw o m an ; ja n it r e s s )
F o r w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s an d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f ic e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , an d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p l i e s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w indow w a sh in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABO RER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; st o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : L o a d in g an d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s an d
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d an d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
O RDER,

w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e iv i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r i n d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s su c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , fr e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)

F IL L E R

( O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e sto c k m a n )
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d i t i o n
to f il li n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a tin g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p li e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

T r u c k d r i v e r ( c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV 2 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m ( 1 V2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )
TRUCKER,

POW ER

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g th e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u po n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f sh ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p la c in g o f it e m s in sh ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y co n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g
d a ta on c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s an d
e s t a b li s h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s f o llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r (f o r k lif t)
p o w e r (o th e r th a n fo r k lift )




A va ila b le On R equest
T h e ninth a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
torn eys, c h e m ists, en g in eers, engineering technicians, d raftsm en ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s of o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1617, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , an d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 1 9 6 8 . S e v e n t y - f i v e
c e n t s a copy.

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f th e l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s i n c l u d i n g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d a t th e
r e q u e s t o f th e W a g e a n d H o u r a n d P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s o f th e D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e o n r e q u e s t .
B u lletin s m a y be p u rc h a se d fro m
th e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n on
th e i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A rea

B u lletin num ber
and p rice

A k r o n , O h io , J u l y 1 9 6 8 ----------------------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 - 8 4 ,
A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N. Y. , M a r . 1 9 6 9 1_________ 1 6 2 5 - 5 6 ,
S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 _______________________ 1 6 2 5 - 6 7 ,
A llentow n— e th le h e m — a s t o n , P a . — . J . ,
B
E
N
J u n e 1 9 6 8 1_________________________________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 8 6 ,
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 8 1 --------------------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 - 7 1 ,
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1 ____________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 8 ,
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 9 6 9 1 ____ 1 6 2 5 - 7 5 ,
O
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1___________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 3 ,
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 * __________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 6 5 ,
B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1_____________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 6 ,
B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 * _____________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 1 5 ,
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1 ________________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 3 5 ,
B u r l i n g t o n , V t. , M a r . 1969 1 _____________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 5 4 ,
C a n t o n , O h io , M a y . 1 9 6 9 __________________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 7 3 ,
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 __________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 7 1 ,
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ______________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 6 1 ,
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . —G a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 * __________________ 1 6 2 5 - 1 4 ,
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 8 --------------------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 - 8 1 ,
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o — y . — d. , M a r . 1 9 6 9 1 --------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 6 3 ,
K
In
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t . 19 6 8 1____________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 1 9 ,
C o l u m b u s , O h io , O c t . 1 9 6 8 1 ____________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 2 4 ,
D a l l a s , T e x . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1 _________________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 2 8 ,
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d —M o l i n e , I o w a —
R
111. ,
O c t . 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------------------------------------------ 1 6 2 5 - 16,
D a y t o n , O h io , J a n . 19 6 9 1 -------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 4 2 ,
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 ________________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 3 9 ,
D e s M o i n e s , - I o w a , M a r . 1 9 6 9 _____________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 6 2 ,
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J a n . 1969 1 _______________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 5 8 ,
F o r t W o r th , T e x . , N o v . 1968 1___________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 2 7 ,
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1_________ __________________ 1 6 2 5 - 7 ,
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 6 9 1-------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 7 0 ,
H o u s t o n , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 1 ----------------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 - 8 2 ,
I n d i a n a p o l i s , Ind. , D e c . 19 6 8 1___________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 4 0 ,
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1969 1_____________________________
1625-45,
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1969 1 ___________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 3 7 ,
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . — a n s . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1------------------------ 1 6 2 5 - 1 7 ,
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — . H. ,J u n e 196 8 1_________ 1 5 7 5 - 7 4 ,
H
N
L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1 _______ 1 6 2 5 - 1 1,
N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h a n d A n a h e i m — a n t a A n a S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 _____________________
1575-64,
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . — d. , N o v . 1 9 6 8 _________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 3 3 ,
In
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ________________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 5 3 ,
M a n c h e s t e r , N . H. , J u l y 19 6 8 1 ----------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 4 ,
M e m p h i s , T e n n . — r k . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 _______________________ 1 6 2 5 - 3 0 ,
A
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 1_________________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 2 9 ,
M i d l a n d a n d O d e s s a , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 __________________ 1 6 2 5 - 4 9 ,
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 --------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 6 6 ,
D a ta on estab lish m e n t p ra c tic e s and su pp lem en tary w age provisions are also presented.




A rea

35 c e n t s M i n n e a p o l i s — t . P a u l , M i n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 _______________
S
35 c e n t s M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1 9 6 8 * ______
30 c e n t s N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , J a n . 1969 ______________
N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 ____________________________
4 0 c e n t s N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1969 1 ___________________________
35 c e n t s N e w Y o r k , N . Y. , A p r . 1 9 6 8 _____________________________
50 c e n t s N o r f o l k —P o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s —
35 c e n t s
H a m p t o n , V a . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 _______________________________
35 c e n t s O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------35 c e n t s O m a h a , N e b r . — o w a , O c t . 1 9 6 8 1 _________________________
I
C
P
35 c e n t s P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1 9 6 8 1 ___________
50 c e n t s P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 _____________________
N
50 c e n t s P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 - ______________________________
35 c e n t s P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------------------30 c e n t s P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1 9 6 8 _____________________________
30 c e n t s P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1 9 6 8 1 _____________________
30 c e n t s P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t —W a r w i c k , R . I . —M a s s . ,
35 c e n t s
M a y 1 9 6 9 1-----------------------------------------------------------------50 c e n t s R a l e i g h , N . C . , A u g . 1 9 6 8 1 ______________________________
4 5 c e n t s R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 _______________________________
50 c e n t s R o c h e s t e r , N . Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s only), J u l y 1 9 6 8 l-_
35 c e n t s R o c k f o r d , 111. , M a y 1 9 6 9 __________________________________
50 c e n t s S t . L o u i s , M o . —
111., M a r . 1 9 6 9 1-------------------------------S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h , D e c . 1 9 6 8 _________________________
30 c e n t s S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 _____________________________
35 c e n t s S a n B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
R
O
30 c e n t s
O c t . 1 9 6 8 1----------------------------------------------------------------30 c e n t s S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
50 c e n t s S a n F r a n c i s c o —O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 6 8 ______________
3 5 c e n t s S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 --------------------------------------35 c e n t s S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 9 _________________________________
35 c e n t s S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1________________________________
4 5 c e n t s S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1 _____________________
E
35 c e n t s S i o u x F a l l s , S . D a k . , O c t . 1 9 6 8 1 _______________________
35 c e n t s S o u t h B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
35 c e n t s S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 ______________________________
4 5 c e n t s S y r a c u s e , N . Y. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1 --------------------------------------30 c e n t s T a m p a — t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 6 8 _______________
S
35 c e n t s T o l e d o , O h i o — i c h . , F e b . 1969 1 ________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , O c t . 1 9 6 8 1_______________________________
30 c e n t s U t i c a — o m e , N . Y. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1 ---------------------------------R
30 c e n t s W a s h i n g t o n , D. C . —M d . — a . ,S e p t . 1 9 6 8 _________________
V
30 c e n t s W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1969 ____________________________
35 c e n t s W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1 ______________________________
30 c e n t s W i c h i t a , K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 _______________________________
35 c e n t s W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , J u n e 19 6 8 1 __________________________
25 c e n t s Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1969 _____________________________________
35 c e n t s Y o u n g s t o w n — a r r e n , O h io, N o v . 1 9 6 8 __________________
W

B u lletin n u m ber
and p r ic e
1625-47,
1575-60,
1625-46,
1625-38,
1625-51,
1575-78,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 ce n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s

1575-85,
1625-9,
1625-26,
1575-83,
1625-48,
1625-60,
1625-59,
1625-20,
1575-80,

30
30
35
40
50
30
35
30
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-74,
1625-13,
1625-69,
1625-2,
1625-72,
1625-64,
1625-36,
1575-69,

35
35
30
35
30
50
30
30

cen ts
cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cen ts

1625-25,
1625-32,
1625-44,
1625-21,
1625-68,
1625-12,
1625-43,
1625-23,
1625-55,
1575-79,
1625-5,
1625-10,
1625-57,
1625-18,
1625-1,
1625-22,
1625-50,
1625-31,
1625-41,
1575-76,
1625-52,
1625-34,

40
30
35
30
30
35
35

cents
cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cen ts
30 c e n t s
cen ts
30 c e n t s
35c e n t s
cen ts
cents
cen ts
cents
35 c e n t s
cents
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
cen ts
cen ts
cents

30

30
35
35
35
30

30
30
30

U.S. D EP A R T M E N T OF LABO R
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212
O FFIC IA L




BUSINESS

P O S T A G E A N D F E E S P A ID
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R

I
--------------------------------1
J F IR S T C L A S S MAIL I
I------------------------------------------------------- 1


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102