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The Seattle—ftverett, Washington, Metropolitan Area

bulletin

No.

16 2 5 - 1 5




UN IT ED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR ST A T I ST I CS

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

R£G tO N H*
P H IL A D E L P H IA

Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N .Y . 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
Federal Office Building
219 South Dearborn St.
911 Walnut S t ., 10th Floor
Chicago, 111. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, C alif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Area Wage Survey
The S eattle—E verett, W ashington, M etropolitan A rea




N o v em ber 1 9 6 8

B u lle tin

No. 1 6 2 5 -4 3
M a y 1969

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 402 - Price 35 cents




Contents

P refa ce

Page
The B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b ­
lish m e n t p r a c t i c e s and su p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v i s io n s .
It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d d ata by s e le c t e d in d u stry d iv isio n fo r ea c h
o f th e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r the
U n it e d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m i s
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to ( 1 ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
by o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d ( 2 ) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e and le v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and in d u str y d iv i s i o n s .
At the en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s fo r e a c h a r e a stu d ied .
A fter
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f the i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
of s u r v e y s , a tw o -p a rt s u m m a r y bulletin is is s u e d .
The
f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a ta fo r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s
s t u d i e d in to o n e b u l l e t i n .
The second part p r e se n ts in fo r­
m a tio n w hich h a s b e en p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u al m e t r o ­
p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a t o r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d the
U n ited S t a t e s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ____________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ____________________________
T ab les:
1.
2.

A.

B.
N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in th e p r o ­
gram .
In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d
su p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s bien n ially .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f t h e s u r v e y in
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , in N o v e m b e r 19 6 8 .
E
The Standard
M e t r o p o lita n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d by the B u r e a u of
the B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f K i n g a n d
Sn oh om ish C o u n ties.
T h i s s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d by th e
B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in S a n F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . , u n d e r
th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f A d o l p h O. B e r g e r , A s s i s t a n t R e ­
gion al D ir e c to r fo r O p e ra tio n s.




1
5

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ______________________________________________________
In d e x e s of s t a n d a r d w ee k ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s __________________________
O ccu p atio n a l e a r n in g s:
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n ________________________
m
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d
m
w o m e n ________________________________________________________
A - 3 . O ffice , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s —
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d __________________________________
A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________________
A - 5.
C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________
E st a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s:
B -l.
M in im u m en tran c e s a l a r i e s fo r w om eno ffice w o r k e r s —
B-2.
S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s _____________________________________________
B-3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ______________________________________
B-4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s __________________________________________________
B-5.
P a i d v a c a t i o n s ________________________________________________
B-6.
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ______________________
B - 7 . M ethod of w age d e te rm in a tio n and fre q u e n c y of
p a y m e n t _______________________________________________________

A ppendix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ______________________________________

areas.

NOTE:
S i m i l a r tab u latio n s
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r .)

a r e a v a ila b le for other

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s a n d s u p ­
p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in t h e S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t a r e a i s
a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r c o n t r a c t c l e a n i n g ( J u l y 1968) , a n d on
e a r n i n g s o n ly f o r s e l e c t e d f o o d s e r v i c e o c c u p a t i o n s ( N o ­
v e m b e r 1 9 6 8 ).
U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y
l e v e l s , a r e a v a i l a b l e fo r b uilding c o n s tr u c tio n ; p rin tin g;
lo c a l- t r a n s it o p e ratin g e m p lo y e e s; and m o to r tr u c k d r iv e r s ,
h e l p e r s , and a ll i e d o c c u p a tio n s .

4

6
7
10
11
12
13
15
16
17
18
19
21
22
23




Area Wage Survey---The Seattle—Everett, Wash., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 of 90 in w h i c h th e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h i s a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
f a c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er p u b lic u t ilit ie s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d
se rv ice s.
M a jo r in d u stry g ro u p s exclu ded fro m th ese stu d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s a n d the c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h avin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
occupati.ons stu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu sio n .
S e p a r a te tab u latio n s a r e
p r o v id e d f o r e a c h of the b r o a d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w hich m e e t p u b li­
cation c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i.e ., th o se h ire d to w o rk a r e g u la r w eek ly sch ed u le
in t h e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a rn in g s d ata exclu de p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d
late sh ifts.
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e . e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l lo w a n c e s and in cen tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d e d . W h ere w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu siv e of pay
f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n ­
i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to t h e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
The a v e r a g e s p resen ted reflect com po site, areaw ide e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d j o b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to t h e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y of t h e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d
not b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s
w it h in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O ther p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y
c o n t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D iffe r­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly t h e
a c t u a l r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u tie s p e r f o r m e d , altho ugh the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
w it h in th e s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
t h a n t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d a l l o w f o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
t h e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e t h a n of s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g t h e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r, a ll e s ta b lis h m e n t s a r e given th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w eight.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o s e below the m in im u m s i z e stu d ied .
O ccu p atio n s and E a r n in g s
The o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d fo r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f the
follow in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o t a k e a c c o u n t of i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w it h in th e s a m e j o b .
The o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study
a r e l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d in t h e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w i n g
the jo b t it le s a r e f o r a ll i n d u s t r i e s c o m b in ed . E a r n i n g s d a ta fo r s o m e
of th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w it h in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in t h e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e
of in dividual e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e of the s t u d y an d not th e n u m b e r
actually su rv ey ed.
B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s of o c c u p a tio n a l em p lo y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m t h e s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e
t h e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e of t h e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y of th e
e a r n in g s data.
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v i s i o n s

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
pations only); Syracuse; and U tica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
in 91 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
partment of Labor.




1

I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s io n s a s th ey
r e l a t e to p lan t and o ffic e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , an d
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , a n d c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w ho a r e u t i l i z e d
a s a s e p a r a t e w ork fo rc e a r e excluded.
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in clu de

2
w o r k i n g f o r e m e n a n d a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s (i n c l u d i n g l e a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
"O ffice w o r k e r s "
in clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s an d n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l o r r e la te d fu n ction s.
C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u stries.
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s (table
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y to t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p t i m u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d , a n d th e p r o b a b i l i t y t h a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e lik e ly to h ave f o r m a l e n tran ce r a t e s fo r w o r k e r s
a b o v e th e s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l t h a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the t a b l e i s
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to p l a n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s of (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p l a n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , a n d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on th e s p e c i f i e d s h i f t a t t h e t i m e of the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f no a m o u n t a p p l i e d t o a m a j o r i t y ,
th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
la te - sh ift h o u rs a r e paid at n o rm al r a t e s , a d iffe ren tial w as re c o r d e d
o n l y if it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f t h e s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) of a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to
a l l of the p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of t h a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Sch ed uled
w e e k l y h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h i c h f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o rk , w h eth er th ey w e r e p a id f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t im e r a t e s .
P a id h o lid a y s; p a id v a c a tio n s ; h ealth , in su r a n c e , and p en sio n
p l a n s ; an d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on t h e b a s i s t h a t t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e t o a l l
p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y of s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t i c e s lis t e d .
S u m s of in d ivid u al
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e of
ro un ding.
D a t a on p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid ay s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n t h o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a n d t h e w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The fir s t

p a r t of th e p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r of w h o l e a n d h a l f
h o lid a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d . The se c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w hole and h alf
h o lid a y s to show to ta l h o lid a y t i m e .
The s u m m a r y of v a c a tio n p la n s (table B -5 ) is lim ite d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e of v a c a tio n p r o v is io n s .
It i s n ot i n t e n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a l l l e n g t h s of s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g t o a l l p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of th e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s of l e n g t h o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o th er than a t im e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t im e b a s i s ; fo r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t of a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s the e q u i v ­
a l e n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s an d
t h o s e w hich o ffe r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f its b eyon d b a s i c
p l a n s t o w o r k e r s w ith q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l of s u c h
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in t h e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
D a t a on h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t of the
c o s t . Su ch p la n s in clu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it te n by a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y a n d t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n i o n fu n d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
t h e e m p l o y e r out of c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a fun d s e t a s i d e
fo r this p u r p o se .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p l a n
if the m a j o r i t y of e m p l o y e e s w a s e lig ib le to be c o v e r e d u n d e r the
p l a n , e v e n if l e s s t h a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p l o y e e s w e r e r e q u i r e d t o c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d t h e c o s t o f th e p l a n .
Le­
g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s, such a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n sa tio n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u r it y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d t o t h a t t y p e of
in su r a n c e u n d er w hich p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t ly
to the in s u r e d d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t d is a b ilit y .
In form ation is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll su ch p la n s to w hich the e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te s .
How­
e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e la w s w hich r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 3 p la n s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y if t h e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e t h a n i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s th e e m p l o y e e w it h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f th e l a w .
T a b u l a t i o n s of p a i d s i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e
l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n of t h e
w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e of i l l n e s s .
Separate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
a n d no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a n d (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o t h e p r e s e n t a t i o n of th e p r o p o r t i o n s
of w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a te d t o ta l i s show n of w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e
e i t h e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either of the following con­
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3
C a ta s tro p h e in su r a n c e , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to a s m a jo r m e d ­
i c a l i n s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o s e p la n s w hich a r e d e s i g n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s a n d i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
t h e n o r m a l c o v e r a g e of h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , a n d s u r g i c a l p l a n s .
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m p l e t e o r p a r t i a l
p a y m e n t of d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
Such p la n s m a y be u n d e rw ritte n by c o m ­
m e r c i a l i n su r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n on profit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r they m a y
b e p a i d f o r b y t h e e m p l o y e r ou t o f a f u n d s e t a s i d e f o r t h i s p u r p o s e .
T a b u la t io n s of r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim it e d to t h o s e p la n s
th at p r o v id e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r of the w o r k e r ' s life .
M e t h o d of w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n ( t a b l e B - 7 ) r e l a t e s t o b a s i c
ty p e s of r a t e s tr u c tu r e fo r w o r k e r s p a id u n d er v a r i o u s t im e and in ­
cen tiv e s y s t e m s . U n d er a s in g le r a t e s t r u c t u r e the s a m e r a t e is p a id
t o a l l e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in t h e s a m e j o b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n i n d i v i d ­
u a l w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y be p a id a b o v e o r below the s in g le r a t e




fo r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but su c h p a y m e n t s a r e e x c e p t io n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p la n s p e c i f i e s the m in im u m a n d / o r m a x im u m r a t e p a id e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r t h e s a m e j o b . I n f o r m a t i o n a l s o i s p r o v i d e d on the
m e t h o d of p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h t h e r a n g e . In t h e a b s e n c e of a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , the q u a lif ic a t io n s of the in d iv id u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m in e
t h e p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t i o n on t y p e s o f i n c e n t i v e p l a n s i s p r o v i d e d o n l y
f o r p l a n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e of th e l o w i n c i d e n c e o f s u c h p l a n s f o r o f f i c e
w orkers.
U nder a p ie c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e te r m in e d r a t e is paid
f o r e a c h un it o f o u t p u t . P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d on p r o d u c t i o n
o v e r a q u o t a o r c o m p l e t i o n o f a j o b in l d s s t h a n s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n s a t i o n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n t s b a s e d on a
p e r c e n t a g e o f v a l u e o f s a l e s , o r on a c o m b i n a t i o n o f a s t a t e d s a l a r y
plus a p e r c e n ta g e .
D ata
tab le B - 7 .

on f r e q u e n c y

of w ag e

paym ent

also

are

provided

in

4

T a b le 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ithin S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in S e a t t le — v e r e t t , W a sh ., 1 b y M a jo r I n d u s tr y D iv is io n , 2 N o v e m b e r 1968
E
N u m b er o f e s ta b lish m e n ts
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f stu d y

I n d u s tr y d iv i s i o n

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y

W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y *

P la n t
N um ber

A ll d i v i s i o n s --------------- — ------

------------

M a n u fa c tu r in g _________ ___
— — ____ - ____
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ____ ___________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 --------------------------- _
W h o le s a le t r a d e ________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _____________________________________
F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ________
S e r v i c e s 8 ______________________________________

S tu d ie d

T o ta l4

S tu d ie d

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o ta l4

.

773

178

2 6 4 ,6 0 0

100

1 5 1 ,0 0 0

5 0 ,5 0 0

1 8 8 ,6 8 0

50
-

251
522

61
117

1 5 4 ,7 0 0
1 0 9 ,9 0 0

58
42

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5 9 ,7 0 0

2 5 ,9 0 0
2 4 ,6 0 0

1 2 8 ,6 2 0
6 0 , 060

50
50
50
50
50

70
116
161
82
93

28
18
32
17
22

2 6 , 200
14, 700
3 8 ,4 0 0
16, 7 0 0
13, 9 0 0

10
6
15
6
5

11, 800
(6 )
3 0 , 800
(7 )
(6 )

4 , 500
(6 )
3, 800
(6)
(6 )

1 9 ,6 8 0
4 , 290
2 3 ,3 5 0
7, 830
4 ,9 1 0

1 T h e S e a t t le —E v e r e t t S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f K in g a n d S n o h o m is h C o u n t ie s . T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in
s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d ,
h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b li s h m e n t
d a ta c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d s t u d ie d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n . A ll o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , fin a n c e ,
a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d /m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b li s h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f ic e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d . B e c a u s e th e c it y o f S e a t t l e 's e l e c t r i c u t i l i t i e s a n d l o c a l - t r a n s i t f a c i l i t i e s a r e m u n ic i p a ll y o p e r a t e d , th e y a r e e x c lu d e d
b y d e fin itio n f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e stu d y .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " an d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a ta f o r t h is d iv i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d iv i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) th e s a m p le w a s no t
d e s ig n e d i n it i a l ly to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b li s h m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d "n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in e s t i m a t e s
fo r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a ta f o r t h is d iv i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e ls a n d m o t e l s ; la u n d r i e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, a n d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t io n s ( e x c lu d in g r e l i g i o u s
and c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A l m o s t t h r e e - f i f t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e S e a t t le — v e r e t t
E
a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r in g f i r m s . T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s
a n d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r in g :
I n d u s tr y g r o u p s

S p e c if i c i n d u s t r i e s

T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t _____ 71
F o o d an d k in d r e d p r o d u c t s _____ 5
L u m b e r a n d w o o d p r o d u c t s _____ 4

A i r c r a f t an d p a r t s _____________ __ 66
S h ip a n d b o a t b u ild in g an d
r e p a i r i n g ________________________ 3
S a w m il ls a n d p la n in g m i l l s __ ___ 2

T h is in f o r m a tio n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e of e a r n in g s fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r plan t w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n i n g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m iu m p ay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and
late s h ifts.
The p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d ata fo r s e le c t e d key o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s a t a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g the b a s e p e r i o d ( d a t e o f the a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 9 6 1 ).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m the i n d e x
y i e l d s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a t e o f the i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
T hese e stim a te s a re
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e not i n t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

L im ita tio n s of D ata

M ethod of C o m p u tin g
T h e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n t h o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r- p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
Sim ilarly , w ages
m a y have r e m a in e d r e la t iv e ly co n sta n t, yet the a v e r a g e s fo r a n a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r-p ay in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w ith in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h e se co n sta n t w eights r e fle c t b a s e y e a r
em ploy m en ts w h erev er p o ssib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a r n in g s fo r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , a n d the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g the a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re su lta n t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e i n d e x
i s t h e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y th e r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y (c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e ra g e e arn in g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :
Office clerical (men and wome ): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Bookkeeping-machine
Continued
Carpenters
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Cleiks, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Cleiks, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Pipefitters
Clerics, payroll
class B
Tool and die make is
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Office boys and girls
Laborers, m aterial handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for overtim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5

6

T a b l e 2. I n d e x e s of S t a n d a r d W e e k l y S a l a r i e s a n d S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r l y E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a t i o n a l G r o u p s
in S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , N o v e m b e r 1968 a n d N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 7 , a n d P e r c e n t s of C h a n g e 1 f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
Indexes
(A u gu st 1960=100)
In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p

Novem ber
1968

P e r c e n t s of c h a n g e 1
Novem ber
1967
to
N ovem ber
1968

N ovem ber
1967

O ctober
1966
to
N ovem ber
1967

O ctober
1965
to
O ctober
1966

Septem ber
1964
to
O ctober
1965

Septem ber
1963
to
Septem ber
1964

A ll in d u strie s:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ___
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n an d w o m e n ) —
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ___________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) ________ ______

137.2
1 5 3 .6
1 4 1 .4
1 4 1 .4

1 2 8 .5
1 4 5 .9
1 3 0 .5
13 5 .1

6 .8
5 .3
8.4
4.6

4.2
1 1 .4
4.3
4.5

4.7
2 1 0 .0
5 .7
4.6

3 .5
2 .7
3.6
4.4

2.3
3.7
3.8
2.9

M an u factu rin g:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n an d w o m e n ) ___
In d u s tria l n u r s e s (m en and w o m en )_
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ___________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) ________________

1 3 7 .2
15 0 .5
1 4 1 .6
1 4 5 .7

126.4
143.4
130.4
1 3 6 .6

8 .6
4.9
8 .6
6 .7

3 .2
1 1 .4
4.3
3.4

4.3
2 8 .5
5.7
5 .5

2 .7
1.7
4.0
6 .6

2.9
4.1
4.0
3.7

A ugust
1962
to
Septem ber
1963

A ugust
1961
to
A ugust
1962

A ll in d u str ie s:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ____
I n d u s tr ia l n u r s e s (m en and w om en )_
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ____________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) _________________
M an u factu rin g:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ____
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m en and w om en) —
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ____________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) _________________

—

—

A ugust
1960
to
A ugust
1961

3.4
4.3
4.6
5.4

3 .5
3.5
2.5
5.5

3 .9
3 .6
2 .7
3.5

2.6
2—1.5
2 .4
4.4

4.0
4.2
4.7
6.0

3.5
3.9
2 .3
3.5

3.3
3.5
2.1
3.2

3.9
2- 1.0
2.9
3.2

U n le ss o th erw ise in d icated , all ch an ges a r e in c r e a s e s .
T h i s c h a n g e l a r g e l y r e f l e c t s s h i f t s in e m p l o y m e n t b e t w e e n h i g h - an d l o w - w a g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a d d i t i o n to w a g e c h a n g e s .




A ugust
1959
to
August
1960

7
A. Occupational Earnin gs
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , S e a tt le — v e r e t t , W a sh ., N o v e m b e r 1968)
E
W
''(tondird)ngS
Humb e r

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

ot
W * e,,
O

Average
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s of—

T

wee kl y

M
«”2

2

*
Middle range

2

60

a" d

u n d er

_________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 65

$

»

65

i

7C

_

75

*

_

_

_

75

70

*

gQ

8C

85

q0

»

85

_

_

9C

*

*

95

_

95

t

1C0

_

IOC

*

1Q5

_

IQS

*

110

*

_

U 0

_

115

_

115

120

*

120

125

*

125

_

*

30

j

_

[*

^ 5

_

130

135

T

140

"$

jg ,.

_

_

14C

150

*

jgQ

_

t

l7Q

jgQ

_

170

160

a nd

180 o v e r

MEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

104
82

39.5 135.00 135.00 12 3. 50 -1 45 .CO
39.5 132.00 1 3 3. CO 122.00-143.50

-

- -

CLERKS, C R C E R ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

225
216

4C.0 139.00 139.50 130.50-14 8.50
4C.0 139.50 14C.50 13 1. 00 -149.50

-

- - -

OFFICE B O Y S --------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

102
67

39.5
39.5

88.50
86.50

86.C0
86.CO

79.00- 97.50
81.00- 89.5C

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_ - -

1C
19
5
9

17
16

-

24
23

4
4

3

25
17
8

-

-

_
-

-

-

2
2

-

2
2

_

6

1

6

-

11
U
-

-

1
1
1
1 -

19
2

14
13

13
12

1
1

1
1

11
9 7

12

13
11

28
24

A
2

3
1

-

3
-

1
l

47
39

52
51

11
11

60
60

49
49

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

WOMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC UTI LI T IE S3---------------

85
73
46

39.5 110.50 99.50
92 .5 0- 13 2. CO
39.5 113.00 12 5. CO 94.00- 13 2. 50
40.0 125.00 131.50 12 7.00-133.50

- 1
1
-

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

45
42

40.0
40.0

-

BOOKKEEPING -MA CHI NF OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----------------------------- NONMA NUF ACT URI NG -----------------

92
64

4C.0 108.00 107. CO 10 1. 50 -114.50
4C.0 108.00 10 7. CO 10 2. 00-11C.00

BOOKKEEPING -MA CHI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------RETAIL T R A D E --------------------

239
20C
88

40.0
4C.0
40.0

84 .5 0-101.50
84.00- 10 1. 50
85 .0 0- 10 1.OC

-

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NONMANU F A C T O R I N G ----------------RETAIL T R A D E --------------------

683
134
549
94

39.0 112.50 111.50 10 2.50-121.00
4C.0 118.00 11 2. CO 10 7. 00 -1 29 .CO
39.0 111.00 111.50 10 1.00-119.50
40.0 1C9.00 106.50 10 2.00-113.50

-

- -

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC UT ILI TIE S3 --------------RFTAIL T R A D E --------------------

902
201
701
251
213

39.5
4C.0
39.5
39.0
40.0

-

11
11
11
-

-

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A --------------N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

223
51

40.0 115.00 117.50 11 2.00-123.00
39.0
97.50 96.50
89.50- 99.50

-

-

CLERKS, FILE, CLAS S B --------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

293
164

39.5
39.0

92.00
78.50

9 3 . CO
75.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

419
394

39.5
39.5

77.50
76.00

CLFRKS, O R D E R -----------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

199
168

40.0
4C.0

99.00
98.00

CLERKS, P A Y R O L L ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NONMANUFACTUR I N G ----------------PUBLIC UTILIT IES 3 ---------------

292
135
157
47

39.5 107.00 104.50 9R .0 0 -1 18 .OC
40.0 107.50 104.50 10 0.50-118.00
39.5 1C7.00 104.50 97.00- 11 8. 00
39.0 107.5C 115.50
95 .0 0-119.00

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .




97.00
94.50

96.50
9 6 . CO

94.00
94 . CO
93.50 94.50
93.00
95.00

94.00
99.00
92.50
93.00
94.00

92.50
95.50
91.50
9 2 .50
9 5 . CO

92.00- 99.00
91.50- 98.50

85.50- 1G C. 00
8 8 . 5 0- 11 2. 5C
85.00- 98.50
85.5C- 10 C. 00
85.00- 99.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
2
-

-

2
-

1
1

7
7
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
15
-

48
42
23

-

-

-

19
4
15
8
-

3
-

1

1

3

11

52
32
22

-

-

11
1

36
1

33
32
17

57
50
26

l
-

9
8
_

59
7
52

88
10
78
38

104
46
58
9

61
12
49
25

120
3
117
6

54
3
51
2

34
14
2C
8
6

52
12
40
28
7

29
19
10
6
3

18
17
1
1

3
2

174
42
132
34
47

141
19
122
46
58

58
13
45
15
25

6
6

21
21

-

-

20
17

12
7

6

60
53
2 -

42

1
_

8
-

8

_

-

34
8
26

19
13
6

25
5
20

12
12

2
2

9
9

-

3
_

52
20
32
16

11
7
4
1

18
2
16
1

18
18

14
14

2
2

22
6

6
-

96. CC
9 6 . CO

88 .5 0-108.00
88.0C- IC 7. C0

-

-

-

-

24
18

33
38

35
26

12
12

10
10

56
51

26
10
16

21
4
17
11

72
40
32
-

2C
15
10
9
10
6
- -

1

19
4
15
4

-

-

-

-

-

1
l

--

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

7

12

4

-

9

3

3

-

_
-

_
-

2
2

_

_
-

-

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

8

7

-

-

10
2
8
-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

2

9
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

5

-

- -

-

-

11
3
8
5
2

-

-

36
24
12

-

43
43

-

_

1

-

-

3
1

_

56
7

-

4

6
-

-

45
44

10
3 5

2

-

1
-

28
-

137
135

-

14

32
32
32

2
-

47
3

80
80

6

-

7

40
40

13

5
4
4

2
2

69.00- 81.50
68.50- 79.50

11
10
7
7
3
4
3
a
-

2
2
2

2
2

73.50
7 3 . CO

-

7
5

-

30
30

- - -

17
16

-

-

-

-

34
33

153
24
129
52
5

-

11
7

19
53
19
53
4
3

119
25
94
18
36

-

74 .5 0-109.00
71.00- 84.00

-

48
48

16
16
-

-

62
5
57
2C
19

22
22

4
2

3
3

-

-

8
8

2
2

_

-

_

_

_

-

--

-

4
3

-

-

-

-

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv isio n , S e a tt le — v e r e tt , W a sh ., N o v e m b e r 1968)
E
Weekly e ar ni ngs 1
(s tandard)

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Num be r
of
workers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r
t

Av era ge
we ekly

$
60

M e an 2

(standard)

Me di an 2

Mi ddl e range 2

$
65

$
7C

S
75

%

t
80

85

$
90

r e c e iv in g st r a ig h t -tim e w e e k ly e a r n in g s of—
$

95

t
ICO

t
105

no

$

*
115

120

S

$
125

130

$
135

$

$
140

15C

$
160

t
170

and
u n d er

180
and

65

70

75

8C

85

90

95

IO C

105

no

115

120

125

130

135

14C

150

16C

170

180

over

~

-

6
5
4

59
59
44

2C
20
8

29
29

25
25

22
19

14

2

16
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

21

6

25
25
9

19

-

21
21
2C

14

-

l

“

-

*

-

*

-

-

-

i
-

8

41
16

155
146
9

_

_

_

_

_

_

22

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1C

-

12

7
4

37
33
4

6
5

25

127
103
24

52
45

8

27
12
15

81
59

i

34
15
19

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

86
15
71

88
70
18
3
6

18
3
15

22
7

14
-

2
i

14
~

_

_

_

_

_

_

15
7

14

i
-

14
14

10
10
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

7

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1

1
1

91
20
71
3

121
41

181
115
66
20
7

275
225
50
10
7

302
225

316
27 1
45

359
326
33

23C
218

94

14
-

1?
1

80
14
17

14

u

1C
5

1 5
8

WOMEN - CO NTINUED
$
1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 1 . CO

4 0 .0

$
1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0
9 9 .0 0

9 4 .5 0

$
$
9 3 .0 0 -1 1 7 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 1 .5 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 0 6 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 1 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 1 7 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 1 8 .0 0

4 0 .0

1 1 4 .5 0

1 0 5 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0

9 5 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 2 C .0 0

3
4
3
3

9 4 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

CO MP TO ME TE R OP ER AT OR S --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

256
219

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

123

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S3 ---------------

569
434

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NON M AN u FACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S3 --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

574
138
436

OFFICE GIRLS -------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S3 ---------------

122

SECR ET AR IE S4 ---------------------------

135
29

87
65

112
34

9
0
9
9

.5
.0
.0
.5

9 5 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 9
4 0
3 9
3 9
4C

.5
.0
.0
.5
.0

9 3
1 0 1
9C
8 9

0
6
7
8
8

.0
.0
.5
.0
.0

8 6 .5 0 -1 0 1 .5 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
8 5 .5 0 9 8 .0 0
8 5 .0 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 C 4 .0 0

7 7 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

7 9 .5 0
8 2 .0 0
3
3
1
2
1

0
0
0
0

9 8 . CO

7 9 .5 0

1
1
1
1
1

.0
.5
.C
.5

7 0 .5 0 7 0 .5 0 7 8 .0 0 -

0
0
0
0
0

1 2 5 . CO
1 1 9 .5 0

1
1
1
1
1

1 3 2 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0
1 1 5 . CO

1
2
0
0
0

8
8
2
2
5

.5
.0
.0
.5
.5

0
0
0
0
0

8 5 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
8 6 . OC

- 1 4 3 . CO
-1 4 6 .5 0
-1 3 0 .5 0
-1 5 6 .0 0
-1 3 2 .5 0

NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S3 --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

2 ,4 2 1
1 ,6 0 6
815
180
80

SECRETARIES, CL AS S A -------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

136
89

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 3 4 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0

1 3 5 .5 0
1 3 2 . CO

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 4 1 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0 -1 4 0 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CL AS S B -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S3 ---------------

377
247
130
48

3
4
3
3

1
1
1
1

0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1

5
5
2
6

4
6
7
C

1 2 6 .5 0 -1 6 C .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -1 6 0 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 C -1 5 9 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S3---------------

843
541

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 1 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0

4 0 .0

1 2 0 .0 0

1
1
1
1

3
4
2
2

7 .0 0
4 . CO
1 . CO
2 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S3 ---------------

1 ,0 6 5

4
4
3
4

1 2 3 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GE NE RA L -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S3 ---------------

1 ,8 7 0
1 ,4 4 0
430

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S3 ---------------

435
61
374
75

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ---SW ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S3 ---------------

M ANUFACTURING

-----------------------------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




302
57

9
0
9
9

.5
.0
.0
.0

4
5
3
5

3
0
2
1

.5
.3
.9
.0

.5
.5
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

-

-

-

_

-

-

2C
2
18

30
2
28

58
5
53

137
16

-

-

1C

10

-

-

2
6
24

14

23
14

11
7

15
1
14
5
8

27
16
2

_

_

_

29

27

-

26

25
5

1 1
11
6

1
-

5
3

1
-

2
2

_

_

-

-

-

-

1 0 5 .5 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 3 .0 0

_

-

_

-

_

~

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

1

5
3
2
2

-

_

1 1 4 .5 0 -1 3 4 .5 0

1 3 1 . CO
1 9 3 .0 0
IO C .C O

1 2 6 .3 0 -1 3 6 .5 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
8 8 .5 0 -1 2 2 .5 0

1 1 6 . CO
1 1 8 .5 0

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 2 3 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0

1 0 9 .0 0

9 7 .5 0
1 0 9 . CO

1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0

1 3 9 . CO
1 0 9 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0

1 0 9 . CO
1 1 9 .5 0

1 1 3 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0

89

3 9 .5

1 1 2 .0 0

1 1 1 .5 0

1 0 2 .5 0 -1 2 3 .5 0

-

188
157
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 5 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0

9 0 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

8 4 .0 C -1 C 5 .5 C
8 3 .5 0 9 5 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0 -1 3 0 .5 0

_

_

-

771
294
59

90

.0
.0
.0
.0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0
9 9 .5 0

1 1 7 .5 0

9 2 .5 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

~
-

~

1

“

-

-

_

-

~

-

8
7
i

6
2
4

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1C
32

1
5

-

31
4

7
7
2

6
6

i
i

45
7
38
6

95
16
79
12
1

131
25
106
9
7

103
36
67
4
3

_

3
2

-

n

"

-

1 2 7 .5 0

0
0
9
0

-

3

-

10

23
21

6
6

1C
3

12
7

35
18

3
2
1
1

19
6
13
1

19
5
14

5
-

20
9

12
2

5

n

20
13
7

15
i
14

6
3
3

-

-

-

10
3

-

i

2

21
2
19
4

23
8

37
6

51
24

36

41
16

48
15

87
35

79
56

15

31
4

27
3

39
16
23
9

25
6

33
7

52
7

23
5

72
12
60
4

33
7

39

39
14

197

188

196

32

190
7

184
4

195

26

122
97
25

1

-

11

3

2

-

161
109

345

239
227

91
76
15

-

-

_

-

-

-

15

-

-

*

-

-

-

1C

7

_

_

_

_

2
P
4

i
6
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 1

20
3
17
6

-

-

-

-

3

14

-

1

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
_

"

1 4 2 .0 0 -1 7 1 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0 -1 4 6 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -1 4 9 .0 0

-

121
24

75
7
68
6
4

3
3
3
7
7

7
2
5
-

-

2

15

21
4

17
3

69
6

17

14
2

63
10

1
14
5

11

23
2

86
7
79

21
3
1
1
-

95
15

14

80
12

1C
2
8

32
5
27

1

12
24
3

7

25
5

52

321
24

320
314
6

335
327
8

2

8

6

2

8

74
9

33

25
5

25
8

82
8
74
18

20
12
12

77

84

i i
66
8

22
62

45

2

-

2

3
42
1

65
8

68
12
56
3

8

12
12
2B
2
26

77
10
10

1

12
O

72
22
16

-

-

-

18
9

3
1

7
5

-

24
19

125
116
9
8

81
69

14
-

4
-

12
10

14
14

4

101
99
2

5
1
4

-

-

1

i
-

5
5
268
251
17
6
49
47
2
2

-

-

-

7

2

2

21

11

7

9

2
2

5
4

52
51

33
30

36
33

2
2

10
5

15
5

14
6

_

i

~

11

-

7
7

-

-

~

~

~

“

~

~

6

n

i

“

i

7

“

“

-

2

n

_

l
-

14

_

7
1
8
7

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

i
i

-

9
Tabic A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv isio n , S e a tt le — v e r e tt , W a sh ., N o v e m b e r 1968)
E
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
‘ ° * er!

(standard)

N u m b er of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g st r a ig h t - tim e w ee cly e a r n in g s of —
I

Average
weekly

»
60

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

i

65

i

i

7C

75

$
80

«
85

$

$
90

95

t

%

ICO

105

$
lie

S
1 15

t
12C

t

$

1 25

130

$

$

135

l A0

t

i

1 50

1 60

i

17 0

and
unde r

no

70

75

8C

85

90

95

100

105

-

65

18 0

and

3
3

28
9
19
~

31
31
5

68
13
55
~
19

47
7
A0
3
25

61
1A
37
4
5

25
1
2A
3
2

23

5
5

6
6

4
i

22
17

18
18

7
7

30
22

1A
1A

3
3

17
3
IA

47
12
35

A0
11
29

18
4
1A

1A
7
7

83
55
28

44
A1
3

196
23
173
26
18

12 9
26
1 03
6
13

88
i
87
4
A2

27
1
26

59
27
32
12
16

18
16
2
~
2

1 15

1 20

12 5

13C

1 35

1AC

1 50

1 60

1 70

180

ove r

12
3
9
8

23
3
20
~

3
i
2
-

2
1
1
-

10
3
7
7

-

~
~

~

-

-

-

18
16
2

7
6
i

1
L
-

1
1
-

-

-

WOMEN - CONTIN UE D
SWI TCHBOARD OPE RA T OR - r ECE PT ICNISTSMA NUF ACTURING --------------------NON PAN UFACTUR I N G ----------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 3--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

334
6C
2 7A
25
79

3 9.5
AC . 0
3 9.5
AC.O
4 ?.0

$
9 6 .0 0
9 5 . 0C
9 6 .0 0
11 2 .n o
95.5 0

s
94.^ 0
9 A . C0
9 4 . CO
1 1 2 . C0
9 3 .0 0

TRANSCR IBI NG- PAC HIN E OPERATCRS,
GENERAL ------------------------------NO NMA NUF ACT URI NG -----------------

109
93

39 .5
3 9.5

9 4 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

9 5 . CO
9 5 . CO

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------PANUFACTURING --------------------n c n m a n u f a c t u p ING -----------------

291
158
133

AJ.O
A.J.C
39.5

101.50
1 07.00
9 5 . 5C

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MAN UFA CTURING --------------------NC NMA NUF ACT URI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S3--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

781
11 3
666
7A
102

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9.0
38.5
Aj . 0

84 .5 0
90.5 0
8 3 . 5C
92.0 0
91 .0 0

$
$
86.50-1C A .50
8 6 .C C -1C C .C 0
8 6 .5 C -1 C 5 .C C
9 9 . 5 0 - 1 3 1 . CO
8 9 . 0 0 - I C 6 . 00

8 8 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0
8 8 .5 0 -ieA .C C

1 9 5 . 5C
91.0C -11C .0U
1 0 9 . CO 1 0 5 . C O - 1 1 3 . 0 0
9 3 . CO
8 8 .0 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
8 3.50
8 8 . CO
R3.C 0
8 4.C 0
9 2 . C0

7 6 . 5C- 9 C .5C
8 2 .0 0 -1 C 3 .C O
7 5 .0 9 - 89.5 0
8 0 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
8 6 . 0 0 - 95.C C

-

-

-

"

_

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

i
1

-

-

-

-

~

48
2
46

127
4
123
5

7e
13
65
16

-

-

6

3 1
2
29

-

-

~

-

*

“

-

_
~
*

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

8

-

-

-

1

2
2

8
8

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th e se w ee k ly h o u rs.
2 Th e m e an is co m p u te d fo r each jo b by to ta lin g the e a r n in g s of a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by the n u m b er of w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s itio n — h a lf of the e m p lo y e e s su r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o re
than the r a te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s than the r a te show n. T h e m id d le ra n g e i s d e fin e d by 2 r a t e s of p a y ; a fo u rth o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the lo w e r of th e se r a t e s and a fo u rth e a r n m o re than
the h ig h e r ra te .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilitie s .
4 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th er th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a te ly .




10
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a sh . , N o v e m b e r 1968)
E
Weekly earnings*
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - tim e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s of%
no

t

$

$

t

s

$

t

S

$

<

i

$

*

$

t

S

t

$

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

115

12C

125

13C

135

14C

145

15C

155

160

165

17C

175

18C

185

19C

195

200

115

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , an d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

12C

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

180

185

190

195

200

205

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
18

1
1

44
44

119
100

69
69

111
93

94
92

104
95

71
67

61
61

32
31

42
24

-

_
-

29
19
10
9

91
89
2
1

13C
116
14
10

145
102
43
3

63
56
7
2

47
28
19

17
13
4
”

40
9
31

8

9

-

-

_

8
"

9

*
“

*

63
42

105
102

94
91

33
31

4
A

-

-

“

~

-

-

~

”

-

101

3
2

7
5

8

27
27

20
20

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

U nder
$
an d
110
under

MEN

CRAFTSMEN, C L A SS A -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

766
695

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
$
$
$
1 7 6 . 5 0 1 7 6 . CO 1 6 5 . 5 0 - 1 8 6 . OC
1 7 6 . 0 0 1 7 6 . CO 1 6 6 . 0 0 - 1 8 5 . 5 0

-

CRAFTSM EN, C L A SS 6 -----------------------------MANUFACTURING — -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------

595
448
147
25

4 0 .0
4 C .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 2 .0 0
1 5 0 . CO
1 5 8 .5 0
1 4 5 .5 0

1 4 5 .5 0 - 1 5 8 .0 0
1 4 4 .5 0 - 1 5 4 .5 0
1 5 1 . 5 0 - 1 7 2 . 0C
1 3 8 .5 0 - 1 5 C .C 0

_
-

-

_
-

CRAFTSMEN, C L A SS C -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------

497
463

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 9 . CC 1 2 9 . CO 1 2 2 . 0 0 - 1 3 5 . 5 0
1 2 9 . 5 0 1 3 0 . CO 1 2 3 . 0 0 - 1 3 5 . 5 0

4
3

22
22

71
67

84
82

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 9 .9 0
1 4 9 .5 0

1 5 1 . CO
1 4 9 . 5C
1 5 8 .5 0
1 4 6 .5 0

16
16
-

101

-

-

~

“

17
16

2
2

-

WOMEN
N U R S E S , INDUSTRIAL (R C G IS T F R E D ) --MANUFACTURING -----------------------

1
to t h e s e
2
3

1 4 9 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0

1 4 5 .5 0 - 1 5 4 .5 0
1 4 6 .0 0 - 1 5 4 .5 0

_

_

_

_

_

S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e
w e e k ly h o u r s .
F o r d e f in i t io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, t a b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .




8

_

of p a y fo r o v e r tim e a t r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) ,

a n d th e e a r n i n g s

c o rre sp o n d

11
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a nd e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , N o v e m b e r 1968)
Average
O c c u p a t i o n a nd i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number

of

A veng.
Number

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings *
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS

of

O ccu pa tion and in d u s t ry di v is io n

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCU PA TI ON S

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - CO NTINUED
$

B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( P I L L I N G
MACHINE) ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------P U BLI C U T I L I T I E S 2 ------

85
73
46

$
3 9 .5 11 0 .5 0
3 9.5 11 3 .0 0
4 C .0 1 2 5 .0 0

B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURINC -----------------

45
42

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

97.0 0
94.5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CL AS S A ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

92
64

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

108.00
1 C 8.00

239
88

4 C .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 4 .0 0
93 .5 0
9 3 .0 0

787
156
631
95

3 9.0
4 0 .0
3 9.0
4 0.0

115.50
1 22.00
1 14.00
1 C 9.00

HOCKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CL AS S B ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------R E TA IL TRADE ----------------------C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CL A SS A
MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------RE TA IL TRADE -----------------

200

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS B
MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------P U R I IC U T I L I T I E S 2-----R E TA IL TRADE -----------------

924
215
709
256
213

39.5
4 0 .0
3 9.5
39.0
4 0 .0

94 .5 0
10 0 .0 0
93 .0 0
93 .5 0
94.0 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING —

223
51

4 0 .0
3 9.0

11 5 .0 0
97 .5 0

CLERKS,

B
—

293
1 64

3 9.5
39.0

92.0 0
78.50

CLERKS, F I L S , CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING —

419
394

39.5
3 9.5

77.50
76 .0 0

C L E R K S , ORDER ---------NONMANUFACTURING

424
384

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

120.00
1 21.00

CLERKS,

3 1C
148
162
52

3 9.5
4 0 .C
3 9.5
3 9 .0

IC 9.00
1 1 0 .5 0
10 7 .5 0
1 09.50

258
219
123

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 6 . OC
10 2 .5 0
99.00

F ILE,

CLASS

ncnm a n ufa cturin g

PAYROLL -----------

MA NUFACTURING ----NONMANUF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S2
CO MP TO ME TE R OPERATORS
NONMANUF AC TU RI NG —
RETAIL TRADE ---

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ----MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------N O NM AN uF AC TU RI NG --------------PU8LIC U T I L I T I E S 2------------

570
435
135
29

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.5
4 C .0

1 13.00
105.00
1 14.50

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------RETAIL TRADE -----------------

5 74
138
436
87
65

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

94.5 0
100.50
92 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
99.5 0

OFFICE BGYS ANO GI R L S —
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S2 -

224
179
40

39.5
3 9.0
38.0

83 .5 0
82.0 0
83 .5 0

S E CR ET AR IE S3 -----------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2RETAIL TRADE -----

2 ,4 2 8
1,6 0 7
821
181
85

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39.0
3 9.5
4 C .0

1 3 0.00
136.00
117.50
1 28.00
1 1 7.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
N C N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -

136
89

3 9.5
3 9 .0

134.50
133.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-

370
247
131
49

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9.0
3 9 .0

143.50
1 50.00
132 .0 0
151.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFA CT UR IN G -----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-

843
541
302
57

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9.0
4 0 .0

1 3 1.50
139.00
119.00
1 2 0.00

SECRETARIES, CL AS S 0
MANUFA CT UR IN G -----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2

1 ,071
772
299
59

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.0
4 0 .0

123.00
1 3 0.00
1 0 4.50
1 05.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFA CT UR IN G -----N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2

1 ,8 7 7
1,444
433
92

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.5
3 9.5

114.00
118.50
9 9 .5 0
10 9 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MANU FA CT UR IN G -----N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2

438
61
377
77

3 9.5
4 0 .0
39.5
4 0 .0

11 0 .5 0
1 10.00

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t t he w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r
correspon d to these weekly h ou rs.
2 T r a n s p o r ta t i o n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other pu blic u t il iti e s.
3 M a y i n cl ud e w o r k e r s o t h e r t ha n t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




str aig h t-tim e

Average
Occup ation and in du st ry di v isio n

1 1 1 .0 0

1 1 1 .0 0

119.50

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

- CONT IN UE D

SW ITCHBOARD C P E R A T O R S ? CLASS A ----

90

3 9.5

1 1 2.00

Sw i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s b ---NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

188
157
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

95.0 0
93.5 0
118 .0 0

SW ITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R -R EC EP TI CN IS TS MANUFAC T U R I N G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

334
60
274
25
79

39.5
4 0 .0
3 9.5
4 0.0
4 0.0

96.0 0
95.0 0
96.0 0
112.00
95.5 0

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------

56
54

39.5
3 9 .5

114.50
114.50

T R A N SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------ ------

109
93

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

94.5 0
94.5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A ---------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------ ------

292
159
133

4G .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

101.50
107.00
95.5 0

TYPISTS, CL AS S B ---------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------RE TA IL TRADE ---------------

783
114
669
75
102

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .C
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

84 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
83.5 0
9 2 .0 0
91.0 0

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

804
733

4 0.0
4 0.0

176.50
176.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

627
48 C
147
25

4 C .0
4 C .0
4 0 .0
4C .0

152.00
150.00
158.50
145.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

649
612

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

128.50
1 29.00

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

85
81

4 0 .0
4 C .0

149.00
1 4 9.00

PROFES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
OC CU PA TI ON S

s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d t he e a r n i n g s

12
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r m e n i n s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h , , N o v e m b e r 1968)
Hourly earnings 1

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n i n g s of—
S

S

t

3.00

3.10

3.20

3.00

O ccu p atio n and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

$

3.10

3.20

3.3C

“

“

8

5

-

-

8

5

-

-

-

-

t

T J
T

Me“ 2

Median 2

2.90

$

3.50

3.40

3.50

3.60

»
3.70

$

$

t

t

S

$

$

$

3.80

3.90

4.00

4.10

4 .20

4.30

4.40

4 .50

4.60

4.7C

4.8C

A . 90

5.00

3.80

3.60

*

3.90

4.00

4.10

4.2 0

4.30

A . A0 4 . 5 0

4.6 C

4.70

4 .80

4.90

5.00

over

ii
u
-

15
15

-

-

-

$

$

S

i

Middle range2

an d

2 »9C u n d e r

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------

178
137
41

$
4 .0 5
4 .0 5
4 .0 6

$
4 .0 6
4 .0 6
4 .4 3

$
4 .0 2 4 .0 3 3 .2 5 -

$
4 .1 6
4 .1 0
4 .6 6

ELECTRICIANS, MA IN TE NA NC E ------MA NU FACTURING ------------------

454
422

4 .1 6
4 .1 2

4 .2 4
4 .2 4

4 .2 0 4 .2 0 -

4 .2 7
4 .2 7

“

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------

209
142
67

3 .9 9
4 .0 3
3 .9 2

4 .0 5
4 .0 8
4 .0 1

3 .9 3 4 . C l3 .6 7 -

4 .2 0
4 .2 4
4 .0 6

-

FIREMEN, ST AT IO NA RY BOILER -----MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------

99
90

3 .2 6
3 .29

3 .2 2
3 .28

2 .9 8 2 .9 9 -

3 .4 9
3 .5 3

5

HELPERS, MA IN TE NA NC E TRADES ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

170
156

3 .15
3 .15

3 .22
3 .2 2

2 .9 6 2 .9 6 -

3 .2 6
3 .2 6

MACHINISTS, m a i n t e n a n c e --------MANU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

143
117

4 .0 7
4 .1 0

4 .1 8
4 .2 1

4 .0 1 4 .1 1 -

4 .2 5
4 .2 6

-

MECHANICS, AU TOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! -------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S3------------

438
200
238
175

4 .0 6
4.01
4 . 10
4 . 10

4 .0 8
4 .0 7
4 .0 9
4 .1 0

4 .0 3 4 .0 2 4 .0 4 4 .0 4 -

4 .1 6
4 .1 4
4 .2 0
4 .1 9

-

*
_
-

-

_
-

24

20

-

-

24

20

8
8

58
49

1
1

_
”
-

A
-

*

96

-

1

-

-

-

~

”

*

-

-

_

21
21

5
5

-

4 . 1C- 4 . 2 7
4 .1 1 - 4 .2 6

111
111

3 .35
3 .35

3 .43
3 .43

3 .2 1 3 .2 1 -

3 .4 7
3 .4 7

-

MANU FA CT UR IN G -----------------PAINTERS, MA IN TE NA NC E -----------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------

95
78

4 .1 4
4 .1 1

4 .0 8
4 .0 7

4 .0 4 4 .0 3 -

4 .2 9
4 .2 3

“

-

PIPEFITTERS, MA IN TE NA NC E -------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------

66
53

4 .0 0
4 .0 6

4.21
4 .2 2

3 .6 4 3 .6 9 -

4 .2 6
4 .2 6

“

-

TOOL AND DIF MAKERS -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------

456
456

4.41
4 .4 1

4 .3 0
4 .3 0

4 .2 5 4 .2 5 -

4 .6 5
4 .6 5

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w eek end s,
F o r d e f i n i t i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o t n o t e 2, t a b l e A - l .
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , com m u nica tio n, and o th er public u tilitie s.

holidays,

~

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

*

-

-

9
9

19

_

7
7

2
2

_

~

-

36
36

“

6A
6A

2A
15
9

8

6
6

-

_
-

-

-

-

1

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

8

-

-

27
27

6A
6 A

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

_
-

15
1

~

98

117
66

A3
7

1
1

12
7

106
70

51
A9

36
17

23

_

_

33
29

90
90

436
436

15
10

18
18

2
2

16
16

6

_

-

1

3A
34

12

6
6

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

2

-

_

51

-

51

67
67

3
3

_

i

2
2

_

_

-

14

-

7

“

7

-

"
3

-

-

6
A

-

-

-

_
-

22

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

.
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
7

1

_

_

_

_

*

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

6
6

1

A

sh ifts.

“

“

23

-

1

204

~

225

2

_

A

and late

3

2
2

1
1

A7
41

1
1

-

9

9

7
7

-

35
34

3

8

-

7

-

1

~

ii
ii

1
1

“

9
9

33

1

“

1

8

-

8

2

_

*

1

7

12
12

3

7

_

2

_

13

-

87
5A

i
i

5

97

~
-

8

318

12
A

19
9

15

13

2

_

1

5

7

-

_

_

2

23

_

~
*

-

35
35

10

_

7

5

A

-

-

_

2

10

-

*

319

-

*

“

-

i
i

-

9

13

-

18
3
15

104
101
3

*

-

“

3

1

23

“

~

1

-

23
18

-

-

3

3

6
6

-

7
7

14
14

-

4 .2 2
4 .2 2

-

8

~

4 .0 6
4 .0 6

*

-

-

745
730

“

-

-

3 . 70

3

~

MECHANICS, MA IN TE NA NC E ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------




t

3.30

$
3.40

225

2

-

"
-

-

-

-

_

8

_

-

8

-

-

i
i

213
213

3
3

1
-

13
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straig h t-tim e hourly e arn in gs fo r se le cted occupatio ns studied on an a r e a b a sis
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , N o v e m b e r 1968)
E
nings2
Hourly ear
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a ti o n 1 and in d u st ry di v isio n

Mean3

Median3

2 . CO 2 . 1 0
Under
$
a nd
2 . 0 0 under

2.2 0

Middle range3

2.20

2.30

2 . AO 2 . 5 0

%

2.10

GUARCS

AND

WATC HM EN

-----------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

761
3A8
A13

$
2.A9
3.15
1 .9 3

$
2.73
3.15
1.76

o f ----

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e iv i n g s t r a ig h t - t im e hou rly e a r n i n g s
s
2.30

i

$
$
1 .7 5 - 3.15
3 .1 1 - 3.18
1 .7 1 - 1.88

432A
32A

i

8

2 . AO

4
-

8
-

2

4

$
$
*
$
2 .50 2.60 2.70 2.80

$

2.60

2.80

13

AO
10
30

8
-

11
6
5

2

2.70

8

13

S
S
2 .90 3.00

3.00

2.90

*
3.20

9
6
3

3.20

8
8

296
296

200

79

282

186
1A

55
2A
22
2

261

s

s
4.6 0

$
*
3 . AO 3 . 6 0

3.80

3 . AO

3.60

A . 0 0 A . 20 A.AO A . 6 0 A . 80 5 . CO 5 . 2 0

38
22
16

-

3.80

-

t
$
A . 2 C A.AO

S
A . 00

-

-

-

S
*
A . 80 5 . 0 0

-

-

~

t

5.20

5 . AO

-

-

GUARCS:

317

------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING
JA N IT O R S,

PORTERS,

AND

CLEANERS

-

MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------

1,786
639

3.17

3.15

3.18

-

2.65
2.95
2.49
2.78
2 . AA

2.7A
2 .3 5 - 2.87
2.93
2 . 8 2 - 3.1A
2.52
2 .2 7 - 2.75
2.87
2 .6 5 - 2.96
2 .3 A - 2.A 9
2 . AO

A6
l
A5
-

3.12-

U T I L I T I E S 5 -----------------------T R A D E ----------------------------------

1.1A6
65
2A2

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AND C L E A N E R S
( W O M E N ) -------------------------------------------------------R ET A IL
T R A D E ----------------------------------

619
67

2.66
2.30

2.73
2.28

U T I L I T I E S 5 -----------------------T R A D E ----------------------------------

1,385
372
1,913
A ll
200

3.38
3.37
3.39
3.6A
3.18

3.29
3.18
3.36
3.77
3.08

3 .1 1 - 3.76
3.C 3- 3.82
3 .1 9 - 3.76
3 .7 2 - 3.82
2 • 9 A- 3 . A 8

ORCER
F I L L F R S ----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

1,023
179
844

3.33
3.22
3.35

3 .5 1
3.25
3.52

3.C 9- 3.56
3 . 1 3 - 3.A7
3.C 8- 3.56

3.20
2.90
3.35

3.29
2.98
3.3A

3.C 72.8 5 3.28-

3.37
3.06
3.39

2.65-

3.32

N O N M ANUFACTURING
PU B LIC
R ET A IL

-----------------------------

L A B O R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------NON M AN U FA CTU RIN G
PU B LIC
R ET A IL

PACKERS,

SHIPPING

-----------------------------

---------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

201
64
13 7

---------------

1A5

2.98

3.05

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------------------

222
1 78
94

3.38
3.35
3.34

3.36
3.33
3.29

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

10A
60

3 .5 1
3.39

PACKERS,

SH IPPIN G

SH IPPIN G

A ND

(W O M E N)

R EC EIV IN G

TRU CKD RIV ERS6

M ANUFACTURING

-----------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 5 ------------------------

TR U C K D R IV ER S,
1 —1 / 2

--■

------------------------------------

NON M ANUFACTURING
PU B L IC

CLERKS

--------------------------------------------

TONS)

L IG H T

---------------------------------------------------------------------

A ND I N C L U D I N G
M A N U FACTURING

MEDIUM

P U B LIC
R ET AIL

(1 - 1 /2

-----------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 5 -----------------------T R A D E ----------------------------------

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t e nd o f t a b l e .




3 .2 0 - 3.50
3. 18- 3 .4 6
3 . 2 1 - 3 . AO

177
1A 1

1.72A
105
1 ,6 1 9
1.512
50

1

-

-

19

5
5

-

-

_

6
6
6

-

_
-

*

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

4

2
2
-

-

1 05
15
90
-

“

2

-

4
4

4
4

70
-

-

-

-

70

_

_
-

_
-

-

-

3.41

3.44

3.3 1 -

3.66

-

-

-

3.9A
4.07
3.92
3.90

3 . 8 5 - A . 03
3 .8 9 - 5.01
3.8A - 3.99
3.8A - 3.95

-

_

_

-

3.A3
3.38

3.35
3.33

3 .1 3 - 3.93
3 .1 3 - 3.50

3.82
3.96
3.81
3.82
3.39

3.91
3.96
3.90
3.90
3.92

3.8A - 3.96
3 .9 2 - 3.99
3.8A - 3.96
3.8A - 3.95
2 .3 8 - 3.96

_
_
-

-

-

-

-

_

_
_
-

-

_

_

4

17
-

-

17
17

28
-

-

28

8
8
-

6
6

12
12

1A
1A

46

3
_

5

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

195
A7
1A8
26
26

120
A6
7A

A8
36
12

8
8

32
2
30

-

1 07
1C7

ii
i

59
AO

1
1

9

12

22

72
3
69
2A

153
4
1A9
96

4
i
3
3

_
-

.

_

_
-

-

29
2A
5
5

-

29
29
-

-

-

6

-

-

*

-

-

*
-

“
-

*

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

“

-

_
-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

2
2

6
-

-

-

*

16
16

5

_

530
26
50A

-

37
27
10

-

-

1 93
39
15A
1 28
26

44
32
10

5
5

-

_

-

23A
3
2 31
220
11

208
317
1 21
58
259
87
A1
3
A2
31

71
63
49

-

_

112
A
108
8

-

2

-

-

-

-

“
“

“

58

-

_

-

52
51
22

-

-

-

2

28

_

-

2

16
4

-

_

-

-

A7

-

_
-

-

_

-

_

21
4
17

_
-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

3.97
A . 30
3.86
3.8 A

-

20

-

-

-

3.5A
3.47

-

1 09
59
50
-

_

21
6
1A

22
20

100

A
4

-

-

7

16
12
4
4

-

5

-

-

3.3 3 3.19-

_
-

-

6
2

_

12

-

-

4

-

-

77

4
4
-

-

-

176

5
1

_
-

_

2

39
1

3
3
3

287

2

72
A18
2
2

133
1A

4

-

26

22
12

4
4

4
4

-

1

-

21
1A
5

4

4
4
-

-

A90

83
4
26

-

“

-

A7

7A
2
64

1 12

46
29

6
6
6

*

8A

1

1 12
*
1 09

322
11

10
10

~
-

6
75

-

32 A
2

16
3
3
~

3

5

3.46
3 . A3

TO

A T O N S ) ----------------------------------------------------

NON M ANUFACTURING

2.8A
2.39

(U N D ER

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

TR U C K D R IV ER S,

72
3,882
9A5
2,9 3 7
1,920

2.A 52.22-

-

-

53
53

18
2
16
16

53
53

8

1
1

3
-

ICO
4
96
96

20
7
13

3
3
33

6
-

3

10
“

4

1

i

2
11

153 2 3 0 5
8
37A
1A5 1 9 3 1
2 1790

1
“

2

-

6
3
3

58
33

1A96
70
1A26
1393

-

-

-

-

-

*

738
15 7
581
5

-

-

"

~

-

1

A9
l
A8
-

93
71
22

38
18
20

“

_

-

-

-

-

“

_

2

“

18
18
-

-

18
252
18
252
“

_

12
12

“

_

_
~

~

21
21
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_
-

-

-

-

14
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations--- Continued
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t - t im e hou rly e a r n i n g s for s e l e c t e d o cc u pa tio n s studied on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , N o v e m b e r 1968)
E
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s t r a ig h t - t im e h our ly e a r n i n g s of—

Hourly ea nungs 2

O c c u p a ti o n 1 and in d u st ry d iv isio n

Numb e r
of
Mean 3

T R U C K O R IV ER S6

-

1 ,2 0 3
193

$
A .01
A . 17

$
4 .0 3
A . 13

1 ,0 1A
327

3 .9 8
3 .9 3

A . 01

U T I L I T I E S 5 -----------------------------

T R U C K O P I V E R S , HEAVY
O T H E R TH AN T R A I L E R

(O V E R
TYPE)

A TONS
--------------

-----------------------------------------

424
33 2

T R U C K E R S , POWER
( F O R K L I F T ) ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

850
617
233

M ANUFA CTURIN G

T R U C K E R S , POWER ( O T H E R TH AN
F O R K L I F T ) ---------------------------------------

191

------------------------

193

M ANUFA CTURIN G

Mi ddl e r ange 3

C O N TIN U E!,

T R U C K D R I V E R S , HEAVY (O V ER A TONS
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) ----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------PU B LIC

Median3

t
$
$
)
$
S
$
$
$
$
S
t
$
)
*
t
$
S
$
$
*
$
C
0
0
Unde 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.3C 2.A 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.20 3.A 3.60 3.80 A.00 A.2C A. A 4.6C 4.8C 5.00 5.20
i
and
2.00 under
2.10 2.20 2.30 2. A 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.C 3.2C 3.A 3.60 3.80 4.00 A.20 A.A0 A.60 A.80 5.00 5.20 5.A
C
O
0
0

3 .8 8

$
3 .8 9 -

$
A .08

A .C 6 3 .8 6 3 .8 A -

A .22
4 .0 6
3 .9 3

11A 330 658
7 127
11A 323 531
4
323
1
1

5 .0 2
5 .0 A

3 .9 9 -

5 .0 5

4 .9 3

5 . C l-

5 .0 7

3 .A 7
3 .3 7

3 .A 3
3 .3 6

3 .2 5 3 .2 2 -

3 .6 6
3 .A 5

_

3 .7 5

3 .8 0

3 .6 6 -

3 .8 6

“

A . 70

3 .3 1
3 .3 1

3 .A 2
3 .A 2

3 .1 7 3 .1 7 -

_

”

-

-

“

~

_

-

“

“

-

-

5

"

-

13 A

209

5

“

132
2

203
6

8
8

3 .A 7
3 .A 7

1 D a t a l i m i t e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d .
2 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a nd f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a nd
late sh if ts.
3 F o r d e f i n i t i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o t n o te 2, t a b l e A - l .
4 W orkers were distributed a s follows:
75 a t $ 1 . 6 0 to $ 1 . 7 0 ; 2 19 a t $ 1 . 7 0 to $ 1 . 80;
20 a t $ 1 . 8 0
5 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a nd o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
6 I n c l u d e s a l l d r i v e r s , a s d e f i n e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e a n d t y p e of t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




_
~

to $ 1 . 9 0 ;

and

-

10 a t $ 1 . 9 0

15
15

to $ 2 .

36

10

36

10

265
236
29

118
118

18
1
70

70

6
6

93
18
110

~

lie

_

3
3
35
2A
11

_

72
5C
22
~

20
20

9
9

-

“

-

18
18

7
7

15

-

_

-

-

12
12
-

-

'
_

‘

9 252
9 252

15

~

-

~

18
18

_

~

-

"
-

-

-

-

15

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D ist r ib u t io n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu d ied in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u st ry d iv is io n s by m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r y fo r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , N o v e m b e r 1968)
E

In experien ced ty p ists
M anufacturing
M in im u m w e ekly s tr a ig h t- tim e s a l a r y 1

O ther in e x p e rie n c e d c le r ic a l w o rk e rs 2
N on m an ufacturing

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f ---

A ll
industries

M anufacturing

A ll
sch edules

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d _____________________________________

40

A ll
sch edules

178

61

XXX

11 7

XXX

1 78

51

16

16

35

24

1
4
1
6
2
12
2
2
3
7
3
1
3
1
2
1

_

_

_

4
1
1
2
1
1
2
1

4
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
-

1
5
2
10
1
1
1
6
3
1
2
1
1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m _______________
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
i n t h i s c a t e g o r y . __________ __________
_______

$ 60. 00
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 65. 00
$ 67. 50
$ 7 0 . 00
$ 72. 50
$ 75. 00
$ 77. 50
$ 80. 00
$ 8 2.5 0
$ 85. 00
$ 87. 50
$ 9 0 .0 0
$ 9 2 . 50
$ 9 5 .0 0
$ 97 . 50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

______ ___ _
_

—

— —

-

-

3
2
8
1
4
2
1
2
1
-

v e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f ---

40

A ll
sch edules

61

XXX

117

XXX

69

19

19

50

39

1
6
3
9
5
13
3
4
4
7
2
1
4
1
4
2

_

_

6
1
1
3
2
1
1
1
2
1

6
1
1
3
2
1
1
1
2
1

1
2
8
5
10
1
3
4
6
2
1
3
1
2
1

_
1
5
4
9
1
2
3
5
2
1
3
1
1
1

40

1
1
1

1
1
1

42

18

XXX

24

XXX

46

16

XXX

30

XXX

85

27

XXX

58

XXX

63

26

XXX

37

XXX

-

-

1 T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e la t e to f o r m a l l y e st a b l i s h e d m in im u m s ta r tin g (hiring) r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s that a r e p a id fo r
2 E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s su ch a s m e s s e n g e r o r o ffic e g ir l.
3 D ata a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a ll sta n d a r d w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d , and fo r the m o s t c o m m o n sta n d a r d w ork w e e k re p o r t e d .




A ll
sch edules

40

u n d e r $ 6 2 . 5 0 ____________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 __________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 _______ ___
_______________ _
u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 ____________________________________
_ _____________ _____
_
_
u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 __ _
u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 ___ ____ _ _
__ _______ under $ 7 7 .5 0 . _
. . _______
__ . . . . _
u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 _______
_________ ___ ___ ___
u n d e r $ 8 2 . 5 0 _________________ ___________ ____
u n d e r $ 8 5 . 0 0 ____________________________________
u n d e r $ 8 7 . 5 0 ____ _________________ _
_ ______
u n d e r $ 9 0 . 0 0 _____________ _______ ______ ___
u n d e r $ 9 2 . 5 0 ____________________________________
u n d e r $ 9 5 . 0 0 ____________________________________
u n d e r $ 9 7 . 5 0 ____________________________________
o v e r __________________________________ _________ _

E sta b lish m e n ts having a sp e cifie d m in im u m

N onm anufacturing

B a s e d on stan d ard

A ll
industries

standard w orkw eeks.

16




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s by ty p e an d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , N o v e m b e r 1 96 8 )
( A l l p l a n t w o r k e r s i n m a n u f a c t u r i n g = 1 0 0 p e r c e nt)
P e r c e n t of m a n u fa c tu r in g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g p r o v i s i o n s 1
fo r late shifts

L ate-sh ift pay provision

Se co n d shift

T o t a l ______________________________________________________

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t ________
P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t _____________

T h ird o r other
shift

98. 8

90. 8

Se co n d shift

T h ird o r other
shift

22. 7

_

3. 0
95. 8

A ctu ally w orkin g on late shifts

4. 7

_

. 3
22. 4

90. 8

4. 7

T ype and am ount of d ifferen tial:
U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) _____________

_______

5 c e n t s ____________________________________________
8 c e n t s ___________________________________________
9 c e n t s ________________________ __________________
10 c e n t s ___________________________________________
12 c e n t s ___________________________________________
1 2 V2 c e n t s ________________________________________
14 c e n t s ___________________________________________
15 c e n t s ___________________________________________
16 c e n t s ___________________________________________
17 V2 c e n t s ______ _______________________________
18 c e n t s ___________________________________________
2 0 c e n t s ____________ _____________________________
2 0 l z c e n t s __________________________ ____________
/
21 c e n t s ___________________________________________
2 5 c e n t s ____________________________________
_______
O v e r 2 5 c e n t s __________________________________
U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e ___________________ ________

79- 2

16. 9

1. 2

. 6

1. 9
1. 3

• 9
. 8
3. 8

9.
2.
.
1.
1.
1.

1
7
3
2
3
1

-

52.
3.
1.
.
1.

5
2
3
3
7

-

1.
.
1.
.
3.
.

5
3
2
7
1
3

-

. 8
-

20. 7

1. 2
_

. 5
. 2
1.8
. 1
. 1
. 2

_
-

(2)
. 2

(2)
-

16.4
. 7
. 5

(2)
(2)
. 5
(2)
(2)

-

-

1. 1

. 2

1.9

-

. 2
. 1

-

( 2)

-

. 2

-

(2)

-

F u l l d a y ' s p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ___________
F u ll d a y 's pay for reduced h o u rs,
p l u s c e n t s d i f f e r e n t i a l — ________ _________
F u ll d a y 's pay for reduced h o u rs,
p l u s p e r c e n t a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l _________________

1. 8

1. 2

-

-

1.7

57. 0

. 3

3. 3

6. 4

6. 4

. 4

(2)

O ther fo r m a l pay d ifferen tial

cover

. 2

1 0 p e r c e n t _____________________ ________________

6. 5

9. 3

1. 0

1 I n c lu d e s a ll p lan t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g la t e s h i f t s , an d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l
la te s h i f t s e v e n th ough the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e not c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g la t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s t h a n 0. 0 5 p e r c e n t .

. 2

provisions

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t a nd o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d i n i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , N o v e m b e r 1968)
Plant w orkers
W e e kl y h o u r s

AU
industries ?
“

All w o r k e r s _________________________________ _

100

3 5 h o u r s ___ ___ ___ __ ------ _ ____ _____
3 7 1/2 h o u r s _______ ____________ — ------ — ___ 3 83/4 h o u r s ____ —
------------- - ---40 h o u r s ___ ____________ ___
______ __ ___ ___ _
48 h o u r s _________________________________________ ___

3
7




Manufacturing

100

O f f i c e v/ o r k e r s

Public
utilities 3

Retail trade

All
industries 4

100

100

4
i
96

96

9

-

90

19

4

-

100

Public
utilities 3

Manufacturing

100

100

100

81

7
83

(5 )
99

i
-

3
28

(5 )
-

Retail trade

69

99

(5 )

1 S c h e d u l e d h o u r s a r e the w e e k l y h o u r s w h ic h a m a j o r i t y o f t he f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d t o w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a i d f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a nd s e r v i c e s , i n a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s ho w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r ta t i o n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other pu blic u tilit ie s.
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a nd r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , i n a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s ho w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s tha n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t a nd o f f i c e w o r k e r s i n a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d i n i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s by n u m b e r o f p a i d h o l i d a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a l l y , S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , N o v e m b e r 1968)
E

Plant w o rk ers
Item

All
j
industries

A l l w o r k e r s ___________________ _______________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s provid ing
p a i d h o l i d a y s ______________________ ______ _________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
no p a i d h o l i d a y s _____________________________________

Manufacturing

arkers

O f fi c e w

Public ,
utilities

All ,
industries J

Retail trade

Public 2
utilities

Manufacturing

Retail trade

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

98

10 0

10 0

10 0

99

100

10 0

100

2

(4 )

■

■

N u m b e r of days

2
3
4
5

h o l i d a y s ____________________________________________
h o l i d a y s ________________________________________________
h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________
h o l i d a y s _____ ________________________________________
h o l i d a y s ________________________________________________
7 h o l i d a y s ________________________________________________
7 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1, 2 , a n d 5 h a l f d a y s ____________
8 h o l i d a y s __________________________________ ____________
8 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y ____________________________
8 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s __________________________
9 h o l i d a y s ________________________________________________
9 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s _________________________
10 h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________

6

1

_

6

2
1
15
1
25
1
3
52

(4 )
1
1
27
1
26
1
(4 )
2
32

3

_

1

-

-

(4 )

_
-

(4 )

18
-

4
51

-

33
61
(4 )
5
-

-

-

~

“

_

_

-

23
23
74

.
-

1

-

1

51
-

19
2
2
2

40

9
1
3
80

(4 )
41

2
72

1
5

31
1

23
-

_

1

26
-

6
1

(4 >
_

Total holiday tim e 5

10 d a y s ____________________________________________________
9 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _____________ ________________________
9 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________
872 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
7 V d a y s o r m o r e _______________________________________
2
7 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________________________
5 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________
4 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________
3 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________
2 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________

1
2
3
4
5

32
32
35
35
61
62
89
90
91
91
97
98

52
52
55
56
82
83
98
98
100
100
100
100

6

6
67
67
100
100
100
100
100
100

78
78
79
97
100

42
42
46
48
67

68
98
98
99
99
99
99

93
94
99
99
100
100
100
100




8 fu ll d a y s and 2 h a l f d a y s ,

7 full d a y s a nd 4 h a l f d a y s ,

a nd s o o n.

P r o p o r t i o n s t he n w e r e

cumulated.

(4 )

(4 )
26
26
98

49
49
100
100
100
100
100
100

I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a nd s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s ho w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other pu blic u t il iti e s.
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s ho w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s t h a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a l f d a y s t h a t a d d t o the s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , t he p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f

wi t h 9 f u l l d a y s a nd no h a l f d a y s ,

.

1
1
8
8

80
80
83
84

9

days

100
100
100
100
100

includes

those

19
Table B-5. Paid Vacations'
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t an d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h ., N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 8 )

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a ca tio n p o lic y

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Public
utilities3

Retail trade

All
industries4

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 3

Retail trade

A
U ,
industries c
A ll w o r k e r s _________________________________

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
94
5
-

100
92
8
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
6
1

11
2
1

_
32
-

8
8
-

2
22
-

(6 )
8
-

_
40
-

10
38
-

50
4
12
32
2

32
6
6
52
3

62
1
37
"

86
14
"

16
1
83
-

4
_
96
*
-

65
35
-

62
38
-

20
4
41
32
2

25
6
13
52
3

33
1
66
_
-

5
95
_
-

1
98
1
-

1
99
_
-

10
90
_
-

100
-

2
63
32
2

3
41
52
3

98
2
-

100
-

I6)
97
1
2

(6 )
99
1

98
(6)
1

100
_
-

2
60
35
2
-

3
36
58
3
-

_
96
4
-

100
-

(6)
96
(6 )
3
1

99
1
-

_
98
l6 )
1
-

_
100
-

M ethod of p ay m en t
W o rk e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
p a id v a c a t io n s ____________________ ____________
L e n g th - o f- tim e p a y m e n t_____________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t__________________________
O t h e r _________________________________________
W o rk e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no p a id v a c a t io n s _______________________________
A m ount of v a c a tio n p a y 5
A fte r 6 m o n th s of s e r v ic e
U n der 1 w ee k ______ ____ ___ _________ ____
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ______________________
A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w ee k ____ _____________
_
_
______ __
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ________ _
_ ____
2 w e e k s ___ ____________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w ee k — ---------------------------------------- ----------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s -----------------------------2 w e e k s ________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s ____ __ __ __________________________
A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w ee k ----------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ______________ __ __ ___________ _____ ___ __
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s .
_
__
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------ ------------

_

_

_

_

_

A fte r 4 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek
2 w e e k s --- --------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w eeks
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _____________________
A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w ee k ____
_____________ ______________________
2 w e e k s ___ ________ ________ _____________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _______________ __
3 w e e k s ______________________________________ __
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ------ ----- ---- --------

_

_

_

58
35
5
(6 )

36
58
5
1

96
4
1
-

_
92
8
-

i6)
92
(6)
7
1

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
2 w e e k s — „ r„,-„rT r n
rT
_
_
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s _________ ____ _____ __________________ __
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ______________________
4 w eeks




S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .

_

_

_

_

9
4
82
(6)
3

4
6
87
1
3

10
1
88
1

15
_

82
3

(6)
7
(t )
91
1
1

_
96
-

4
-

_
91
(6)
8
-

_

_

3

4

_

_

96
1

96
-

-

-

_
96

_

4
-

_
13
_

87
-

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
--( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n of p la n t and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n pay
p r o v i s io n s , S e a tt le — v e r e tt , W a sh ., N o v e m b e r 1968)
E
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o lic y
AU

,

industries z

M anufacturing

Public
utilities 3

R e tail trad e

All
industries

4

M anufacturing

Public
utilities

3

Retail trad e

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 5— C o n t in u e d
A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ------------------------------------ ------------------2 w e e k s ____________ ___ ___ __ ___________________ ___
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s ________________________ ________________ —
5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------

4
3
87

1
3
(6 )

_

-

-

(6)

(6 )

8

6

89

2
2
1

(6 )
5
92

_
3
94

_

1

1

85
7

-

-

53

2

2

1

74

85

94

1

-

46

18

1
11

1

98
-

13
-

2
2

1
2

99
-

-

-

-

-

69
31

13
63
25

(6 )

-

'

-

-

2

1

13

14

20

86
-

2

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w ^ek
2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------4 w e e k s ______________________________________________
5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------

3
76
4
15

1

_
(6 )
83

6
10
1

-

8

(6 )

(6 )

-

-

1
4

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k _ _____________________________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________ ____
3 w e e k s — ------------ -------------------------- ---- ---O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s --- -------------------------5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------

_
3
34
36
23
3

13

40

1
86

-

i

1

-

-

49

71

-

-

-

85
-

68

-

89
-

3

-

3

1

1

-

-

_

_
13

(6 )

30
59

8

-

8

(6 )

2

25

9

-

A fte r 25 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1 w e e k _____ ____ - ------------ ------------------ - —
2 w e e k s ------------- ------------------------------- ---- ---3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s -------------------------------^ ^r 0 p|r c
6 w e e k s ______________________________________________

_

3
26
36
28
"

(6 )
19
59
15

6

7
(6 )

(6 )

1
81
5

_

8
40
49
3

(6 )

2

15

1
80
-

-

2
8
89
-

2

1

(6 )

-

(6)

_

1

_
13

14
78
7

20

-

-

-

68
-

M a x im u m v a c a tio n a v a ila b le 7

1 w e e k ---- ------------- ----------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s — ---------------------------- --------- -------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s -------------------------------5 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s ______________________________________________

-

-

3
26
36

19
59

-

-

(6 )

13

40

13

2
8

-

15
~

81

1
82

-

-

6

7

5

(6)

(6)

"

28

1
-

8
49
3

(6 )

2

-

-

-

i

13

20

-

14
-

89

78

68

-

-

-

2

1

7

-

(6)

(6 )

•

-

1 In c lu d e s b a s i c p la n s only. E x c lu d e s p la n s su ch a s v a c a t io n - s a v in g s and th o se p la n s w hich o ffe r "e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fits b eyond b a s ic p la n s to w o r k e r s w ith
q u a lify in g le n g th s o f s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l of su c h e x c lu s io n s a r e p la n s in the s t e e l, a lu m in u m , and ca n in d u s tr ie s .
2 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o se in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
4 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o se in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
5 In c lu d e s p a y m e n t o th er th an "le n g th o f t i m e , " su ch a s p e r c e n ta g e of an n u al e a r n in g s o r f la t - s u m p a y m e n ts , c o n v e r te d to an eq u iv a le n t tim e b a s i s ; fo r e x a m p le , a pay m e n t
of 2 p e r c e n t of a n n u al e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r i o d s of s e r v ic e w e r e c h o se n a r b i t r a r i l y and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f le c t the in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p le , the c h a n g e s in p r o p o r tio n s in d ic a te d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in clu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s t im a t e s a r e c u m u la tiv e .
T h u s, the
p r o p o r tio n e lig ib le fo r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o re a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s th o se e lig ib le fo r 3 w e e k s' p a y o r m o re a f t e r fe w e r y e a r s of s e r v ic e .
6 L e s s th an 0 .5 p e rc e n t.
7 E s t i m a t e s of p r o v is io n s fo r 30 y e a r s of s e r v ic e a r e id e n tic a l.




Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t of plan t and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s em p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n b e n e f it s , 1 S e a ttle — v e r e t t , W a sh ., N o v e m b e r 1968)
E
O ffice w o r k e r s

P la n t w o rk e rs
T y p e of b en e fit

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________

AU
2
industries

_________

W o rk e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g a t
le a s t 1 o f the b e n e fits show n b e lo w __________
L if e in s u r a n c e _______________________________
A c c id e n ta l de ath and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e ___________________________________
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in su r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r b o th 5
_________________________

M anufacturing

100

100

Public 3
utilities

R etail trade

100

100

All
4
industries

100

M anufacturing

Public 3
utilities

100

100

R etell trade

100

99

99

100

100

99

99

100

99

95

95

100

96

97

98

96

93

89

93

80

85

82

95

82

71

95

96

89

98

94

98

94

90

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e ________
S ic k le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aitin g p e r io d ) ----------------------------------- _
S ic k le a v e ( p a r t ia l pay o r
w aitin g p e r io d )_____ ____________ ____

85

94

45

75

30

12

39

59

44

59

32

20

79

94

41

33

13

4

36

26

7

1

38

37

H o sp ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e ___________________
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e __________________________
M e d ic a l in su r a n c e _ ________________________
C a ta st r o p h e in s u r a n c e _____________________
R e tir e m e n t p e n sio n _________________________

99
99
96
82
89

99
99
99
85
89

100
100
90
98
89

100
100
91
75
92

99
99
97
95
88

98
98
98
96
93

100
100
98
97
80

99
99
81
91
85

1 In c lu d e s th o se p la n s fo r w hich a t le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t i s b o rn e by the e m p lo y e r , e x c e p t th o se le g a l ly r e q u ir e d , su ch a s w o rk m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c i a l s e c u r it y ,
and r a il r o a d r e tir e m e n t.
" In c lu d e s d a ta fo r w h o le sa le t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o se in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u t il it i e s .
4 In c lu d e s d a ta fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
5 U n d u p lica te d to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t in su r a n c e show n s e p a r a t e ly b elo w .
S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d to th o se w hich d e fin ite ly
e s t a b li s h a t le a s t the m in im u m n u m b er o f d a y s ' p a y th a t ca n be e x p e c te d by e a c h e m p lo y e e .
I n fo rm a l s i c k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




22
Table B-7. Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment
( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p la n t and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s by m eth o d o f w age d e te r m in a tio n 1
and fre q u e n c y o f w age p a y m e n t, S e a tt le — v e r e t t , W ash . , N o v e m b e r 1968)
E
O ff i c e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

All
2
industries

M anufacturing

Public ,
utilities

R etail trad e

AH

industries

4

M anufacturing

100

100

100

98
96
79
17

99
98
93
5

100
100
66
34

93
92
40
52

99
77
5
72

i

31

30

4

2

8

3

(5)
i

-

13
1
7

8
23
(5 )

12

i

1
1

-

i

_

_

M

(5 )

(5 )
H

_

<5)

(5 )

52

60
35
5

R etail trade

-

( !)

—

100

5

________________________

100

9

A ll w o r k e r s ___

Public 3
utilities

100

100

99
87
(5)
87

100
80
35
46

100
63
10
53

10

1

31

27

54

86

5

17

10
20

9
37

100

M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1

F o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y -------------- --------------- —
S i n g le r a t e ----------------------------------------------P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a u to m a tic
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d i n g to
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on m e r i t
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on*.a
c o m b in a t i o n o f le n g t h o f
N o fo r m a l r a te p o lic y

_ __ ___

P i e c e r a t e _________________ __________

__ ---________

I n d iv id u a l ----------------- -------------------------G ro u p

2
2

_
_

(5 )

(5 )

iv ie tn o a o i d e t e r m i n i n g i n c e n t i v e p a y

l

7

F re q u e n cy o f w age paym en t

B i w e e k ly _____________________________________________
M o n t h ly ______________________________________________

1
2
3
4
5

37

11

25
52
23

41
40
19

48
18
33
(5 )

81
15
4
(5 )

F o r a d e s c r ip tio n o f the m e th o d s o f w a ge d e te r m in a tio n , s e e In tro d u ctio n .
In c lu d e s d a ta fo r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o se in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
In c lu d e s d a ta fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o se in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s th an 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




10
54
35
1

31
34
35

Appendix.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o rk a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b li s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s i s on
in t e r e s t a b l is h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b il it y o f o c c u p a tio n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m th o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th an a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l lin g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b il lin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s, E l li o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c ., w h ich a r e c o m b in a tio n ty p in g an d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
an d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o l v e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y no t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
an d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u la t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a l ly in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b il l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n do n e on a fa n fo ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l li o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c ., w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e iv a b le o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n tr y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s an d c o m p u t e s , an d u s u a l ly p r in t s a u t o m a t ic a ll y the
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
an d s t a n d a r d t y p e s of s a l e s a n d c r e d i t s l i p s .
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f an d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , an d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
b y h an d .
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l, c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n of t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le te s e t of b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W ork in v o lv e s p o s tin g an d b a la n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le : e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s an d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , a n d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .
C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e ro u tin e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n te r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b an k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s tin g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o lle d by
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u ir e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e ro u tin e
a c c o u n t in g w o rk i s s u b d iv id e d on a fu n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




23

F IL E

C l a s s A . In an e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r
m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M ay k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f il e c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s ~ o r ~ p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s an d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l an d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in ta in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK,

O RDER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l ly .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g th e i t e m s to m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s an d q u a n t i t ie s o f it e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f il e o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s an d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a ta on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; an d
p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in fo r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , an d to ta l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o ut p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .
C O M PTO M ETER O PERATO R
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p to m e te r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u ta tio n s . T h is
jo b i s not to b e c o n fu s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p to m e te r b u t, in w h ich , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n ta l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u t ie s .
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a t a f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n ch t a b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o rk r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f so m e d e t e r m in a t i o n s , fo r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n ch ed ; e x t r a c t s in fo r m a tio n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; an d s e a r c h e s f o r an d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a tio n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in fo r m a tio n to be p u n ch ed .
M a y t r a in
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

24
K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C la ss B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to pu n ch ed c a r d s .
O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r
a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n ch ta b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rkin g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o llo w s s p e c i f ie d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e lit t le o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
of d a ta to b e p u n ch ed . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a tio n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d
d . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e an d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r of an o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d re d
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F IC E BO Y OR G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u t in e d u t ie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o se r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
to one o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o se s u b o r d in a te s t a f f
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ich a r e o fte n , in tu r n , f u r t h e r su b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l in c lu d e s a
w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r

SEC R ET A R Y
b . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l of
o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o rk a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e iv i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
an d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t ie s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : (a) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u tin e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n ic a l i n q u ir i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in tm e n t s a s in s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
fo r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t io n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r th an
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e an d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u tin e a n d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o rk o f th e s u p e r v i s o r

STEN O G R A PH ER ,

E x c l u s io n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
of p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e f in itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a) P o s i t io n s w h ich d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s not f u lly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t ie s : (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , te c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
ro u tin e o r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n th o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in the d e f in itio n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e te c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in it io n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o se o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f ic a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a tiv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s not
in a i l c a s e s id e n tify su c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o se p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff ) a r e no t c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g le v e l d e f in it io n s .
C la ss A
over

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y e s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t fe w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r s e g ­
m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss

B

a . S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
fe w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th a n c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) of
a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f ic e r le v e l) o v e r e i t h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .)
o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n )
o F a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a i l , o v e r 5, 0 0 0 b u t fe w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r




C la ss D

b. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t . (N O T E : M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r th an s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in sh o r th a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o rk .
(S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r .)
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h and o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; an d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r itte n
copy.
M ay a l s o s e t up a n d m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W ork r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d in g a n d r o u tin g in c o m in g m a i l ; and
a n s w e r in g ro u tin e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o rk .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s f u ll te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d itio n to d o in g
ro u tin e w o rk a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e a s s i g n m e n t .
( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b li s h m e n t h a s v a r ie d fu n c tio n s th a t a r e
no t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e of o v e r la p p in g o r
i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to w h ich e x t e n s io n s a r e
a p p r o p r ia t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le ro u tin e lo n g d is t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s . M ay
p e r f o r m li m it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s
if th e f u n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b li s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n
p u r p o s e s , o r if th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w hen s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e
f u r n is h e d , o r if c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

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S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u ed

In a d d itio n to p e r f o r m i n g d u tie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n ito r - ty p e s w it c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t io n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u t ie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s an d so m e filin g w o rk . T h e w o rk ty p ic a ll y in v o lv e s p o r t io n s o f a w o rk
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t io n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

GENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s , ty p ic a ll y
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , and p e r f o r m s d if f ic u lt
w ir in g a s r e q u ir e d .
T h e c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ich o fte n a r e of i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g an d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e d in t r a i n in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g an d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o rk a n d p r o d u c tio n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f ic u lt ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r an d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d itio n to the s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o rk i s
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s an d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o rk ty p ic a ll y in v o l v e s , fo r e x a m p le , t a b u la t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te but s m a l l t a b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r an d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s an d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l ly o f a r e c u r r i n g n a tu r e w h e re th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e tr a i n in g of new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
tra n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y an d d o s i m p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s le g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e not in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h and o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e by a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o rk in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c i a l t r a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g an d d is t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a il .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e of th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in fin a l fo r m w h en it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y fo r c o r r e c t s p e l li n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., o f te c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t an d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in t a in u n ifo r m ity an d
b a la n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e ro u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g ; C o p y ty p in g fr o m ro u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u tin e ty p in g of f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; an d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e tu p an d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N — C o n tin u ed

D R A FT SM A N
C l a s s A . P l a n s the g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f tin g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , an d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s the
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s it i o n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts an d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m " o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o rk is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r fo r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r le v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t in g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u ir e th e a p p l i ­
c a tio n of m o s t o f the s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s t y p ic a ll y in ­
v o lv e su c h w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s of s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le fu n c tio n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e l a t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , flo o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u la s an d m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n titie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s in it ia l in s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o rk i s c h e c k e d fo r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s
(d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g of

c o m p o n e n ts an d c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a i l s fr o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
an d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d . S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , an d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in it i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W ork m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N -T R A C E R
C o p i e s p la n s an d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p la c in g t r a c i n g clo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s an d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s not in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m it e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t in g of s t r a i g h t li n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s i m p le o r r e p e t it i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U R SE,

W ork i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d

I N D U S T R I A L (R E G I S T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w ho g i v e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t i o n to ill o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e il l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e il l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to su b se q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s * i n ju r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s fo r c o m p e n s a tio n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a t io n s an d h e a lth e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; an d p la n n in g an d c a r r y ­
in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , an d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPEN TER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t an d m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk an d e q u ip m e n t su c h a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , an d t r i m m a d e o f w ood in an e s t a b li s h m e n t . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g ; P l a n ­
n in g an d la y in g out o f w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a
v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , an d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ;




CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed

m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e le c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o rk . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g and
e x p e rie n c e .

26
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c tio n s su c h a s th e in s t a l l a t i o n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c b n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m
b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , l a y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g an d
t e s t in g i n s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e a u t o m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s an d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk in v o l v e s :
O p e r a tin g an d m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t
su c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t ila t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t i o n s . H e a d o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e ls to f i r e b y h an d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o rk th e
h e lp e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly in g , li f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll- tim e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LR O O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l in d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n o f
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u ir i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d l u b r ic a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in to o l a n d d ie jo b b in g sh o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it te n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e le c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o r k ;
an d fit tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t.
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tr a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l lin g




M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s an d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith it e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n of a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r se n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n of p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls an d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g a n d b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e le c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l lin g an d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W ork in ­
v o lv e s th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d fo r d if f e r e n t
a p p lic a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s an d i n t e r s t i c e s ; an d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m ix c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , an d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e
w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in an
e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
L a y in g o ut o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g to l o ­
c a te p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u tt in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l lin g an d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk in v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d in g i n s t a l la t io n o f v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s t a l lin g o r r e ­
p a i r in g p ip e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , an d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l ro o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
o ut a ll t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y of

27
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u ed

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f it t in g , an d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d in s t a l lin g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e tt in g u p an d o p e r a tin g of
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , an d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r ic a t io n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o rk in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e le c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l an d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d ie s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l- f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and
la y in g o ut o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s ,
sh o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s in to o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GU A RD AND W ATCHM AN

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V IN G C L E R K

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o lic e d u t ie s , e ith e r a t fix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te an d
c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s an d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e fo r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o rk in v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s of tr a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a te ; and p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s sh ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t an d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f il e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d ir e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o l v e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n ts a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d in g , in v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s an d f ile s .

th e ft,

W a tc h m a n . M a k e s ro u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r io d i c a l ly in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e ,
a n d i l l e g a l e n tr y .

JA N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

OR C LEA N ER

(S w e e p e r ; c h a rw o m a n ; ja n i t r e s s )
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo llo w s :
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f ic e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , a n d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u stin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p li e s an d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , sh o w ­
e r s , an d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w in dow w a sh in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
L A B O R E R , M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G
( L o a d e r an d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o se d u tie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : L o a d in g an d u n lo a d in g -v a rio u s m a t e r i a l s an d
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d an d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
O RDER,

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e iv i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r i n d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s su c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , f r e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le an d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d tr u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , an d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o rk in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)

F IL L E R

(O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e sto c k m a n )
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d itio n
to f illin g o r d e r s an d in d ic a tin g it e m s f il le d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p li e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

T r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV 2 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (IV 2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e)
TRUCKER,

PO W ER

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r sh ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u pon the ty p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r of
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f sh ip m e n t. W ork r e q u i r e s th e
p la c in g o f i t e m s in sh ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y co n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g
d a ta on c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w ho a l s o m a k e w o o d en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s an d
e s t a b li s h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s f o llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r ( fo r k lift)
p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k lift )




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ------

T h e ninth a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
to r n e y s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , en g in ee rin g te c h n ic ia n s, d r a fts m e n ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , an d c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1617, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , an d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 19 6 8 . S e v e n t y - i i v e
c e n ts a copy.

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d a t the
r e q u e s t o f the Wage an d Hour an d P u b lic C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s o f the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .
B u l l e t i n s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e r i n te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f ic e , W ashin gton , D. C . , 204 0 2 , o r f r o m a n y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on
the i n s i d e f ro n t c o v e r .
Area
A k r o n , Ohio, J u l y 1 9 6 8 --------------------------------------------A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N. Y. , A p r . 1968 1______ __
S
T
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 -------------------------Allen tow n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — J . ,
B
E
N.

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
and p r ic e
1575-84,
1575-68,
1575-58,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1575-86,
1575-71,
1625-8,
1575-75,
1625-3,
1575-59,
1625-6,
1625-15,
1625-35,
1575-48,
1575-65,
1575-63,
1575-57,
1625-14,
1575-81,
1575-62,
1625-19,
1625-24,
1625-28,

40
35
50
30
35
30
35
50
50
20
30
30
30
35
50
30
50
35
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-16,
D ay ton , Ohio, J a n . 1969 1------------------------------------------ 1 6 2 5 - 4 2 ,
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 _________ ______ _____________ 1 6 2 5 - 3 9 ,
D e s M o in e s , Iow a, F e b . 1 9 6 8 * ---------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 - 5 2 ,
D e t r o it , M ich . , J a n . 1968 1 ____________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 4 5 ,
F o r t Worth, T e x . , Nov. 1 9 6 8 * ---------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 2 7 ,
G r e e n B a y , W is. , J u l y 1968 1------------------------------------ 1 6 2 5 - 7 ,
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M ay 1968 1------------------------------------ 1 5 7 5 - 6 6 ,
H o uston , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 * _____________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 8 2 ,
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 1_________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 4 0 ,
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1968 1------------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 - 4 9 ,
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 * ______ -_________________ 1 6 2 5 - 3 7 ,
K a n s a s C ity , Mo. — a n s . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 * ----------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 1 7 ,
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — . H . , J u n e 1968 1_______ 1 5 7 5 - 7 4 ,
H
N
L i t t l e R o c k — o r th L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1968 1_____ 1 6 2 5 - 1 1 ,
N
L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h an d A n a h e i m — a n t a A n a L
S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 ____________________ 1 5 7 5 - 6 4 ,
L o u i s v i l l e , Ky. —
Ind. , N ov. 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 3 3 ,
L u b b o c k , T e x . , Ju n e 1968 1 -------------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 - 7 7 ,
M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. , J u l y 1968 1 —________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 4 ,
M e m p h i s , T en n . — r k . , N ov. 1 9 6 8 ---------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 3 0 ,
A
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1 968 1------------------------------------------ 1 6 2 5 - 2 9 ,
M idla n d an d O d e s s a , T e x . , J u n e 1968 1________________ 1 5 7 5 - 7 2 ,
M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1968------------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 - 6 7 ,

30
35
30
30
35
35
35
30
45
35
30
35
45
30
35

cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

30
30
30
35
30
35
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1968 1________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , Md. , S e p t . 1968 1 ----------------------------------B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M ay 1 9 6 8 * ____
P
O
B i n g h a m to n , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1_________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1968__________________________
B o i s e C ity , Idaho, J u l y 1 9 6 8 * ___________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 * ------------------------------------B u f f a l o , N. Y . , N ov. 1968 1_____________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , Vt. , M a r . 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------Can ton , Ohio, J u n e 1 9 6 8 * -----------------------------------------C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1968 1_______________________
C h a r l o t t e , N. C . , A p r . 1968 1___________________________
C h a t ta n o o g a , Tenn. — a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 * _________________
G
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 8 ________________________________
C in c in n a ti, Ohio— y . —
K
Ind. , M a r . 1968 1-------------------C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, S e p t . 1968 1___________________________
C o l u m b u s , Ohio, Oct. 1 9 6 8 1 ___________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , Nov. 1 9 6 8 1 ----------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o lin e , Iowa—
R
M
111. ,

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area
M i n n e a p o l i s — t . P a u l , Minn. , J a n . 1 9 6 8 ______________
S
M u sk e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h ts , M i c h . , M ay 1968 * _____
M
N e w a r k an d J e r s e y C ity , N. J . , J a n . 1969 ___________
New H aven , Conn. , J a n . 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------------New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 __________________________
New Y o r k , N. Y . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
N o r fo l k — o r t s m o u t h an d N e w p o rt N e w s —
P
H a m p ton , V a. , J u n e 1 9 6 8 -------------------------- ------------O k lah o m a C ity , O k la. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 -----------------------------Om aha, N e b r . —
Iow a, Oct. 1968 1 -----------------------------P a t e r s o n — l i ft o n — a s s a i c , N. J . , M ay 1968 1 ------------C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — J . , Nov. 1967 1__________________
N.
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r . 1968 1____________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1968_____________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N ov. 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — ash . , M ay 1968 1___________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w tu c k e t — a rw ic k , R . I . — a s s . ,
W
M

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
an d p r i c e
1575-47,
1575-60,
1625-46,
1625-38,
1575-46,
1575-78,

30
30
40
30
30
50

cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents

1575-85,
1625-9,
1625-26,
1575-83,
1575-40,
1575-55,
1575-44,
1625-20,
1575-80,

30
30
35
40
30
30
30
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1575-61,
R a l e i g h , N. C. , A u g . 1968 1 -------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 1 3 ,
R i c h m o n d , V a . , Nov. 1967 1 ------------------------------ ------ 1 5 7 5 - 2 7 ,
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . ( o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only), J u l y 1968 1„ 16 2 5 - 2
R o c k f o r d , 111. , M ay 1968 1______________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 7 0 ,
St. L o u i s , Mo. —
111. , J a n . 1968_________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 3 9 ,
S a l t L a k e C ity , Uta h, D e c . 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 3 6 ,
S a n A n tonio, T e x . , J u n e 1968___________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 6 9 ,
S a n B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r io , C a l i f . ,
R
O
1625-25,
S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , N ov. 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------------ 1 6 2 5 - 3 2 ,
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a kla n d, C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 6 8 ----------------- 1 6 2 5 - 4 4 ,
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t. 1 9 6 8 ____________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 2 1 ,
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M ay 1968 1 --------------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 - 7 3 ,
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1968 1_______________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 1 2 ,
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W ash. , N ov. 1968 1 __________________ 1 6 2 5 - 4 3 ,
E
S io u x F a l l s , S. D ak. , Oct. 1968 1 _______________ ______ 1 6 2 5 - 2 3 ,
South B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1968 1__________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 5 6 ,
S p o k a n e , W ash. , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 ____________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 7 9 ,
S y r a c u s e , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1 ------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 5 ,
T a m p a — t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g. 1 9 6 8 ------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 1 0 ,
S
T o l e d o , O hio— ich . , F e b . 1968________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 4 3 ,
M
T r e n to n , N. J . , Oct. 1968 1_____________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 1 8 ,
U t i c a — o m e , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1 --------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 1 ,
R
W ashin gton , D. C . — d . — a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 ______________ 1 6 2 5 - 2 2 ,
M
V
W a te r b u r y , Conn. , A p r . 1968 1 ________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 5 3 ,
W a te r lo o , I o w a , N ov. 1968 1_____________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 3 1 ,
W ich ita, K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 _____________________________ 162 5 -4 1 ,
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , J u n e 1968 1 --------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 - 7 6 ,
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1968 1_________________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 4 2 ,
Y ou ngstow n — a r r e n , Ohio, N ov. 1 9 6 8 _________________ 1 6 2 5 - 3 4 ,
W

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