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Area Wagef Slitvey

The Miami, Florida, M etropolitan Area
December 1968

Hu I let i




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

REGION HI
PHILADELPHIA

Region II
Region I
1603-B Federal Building
341 Ninth Ave.
New York, N.Y. 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
Region VI
219 South Dearborn St.
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut S t ., 10th Floor
Chicago, 111. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Area Wage Survey
The Miami, Florida, Metropolitan Area




December 1968

Bulletin No. 1625-29
March 1969

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
G eoffrey H. Moore, C o m m issio n e r

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 35 cents




Contents

P reface

P age
The

B u reau

o c cu p atio n al

w age

of

L ab o r

su rv ey s

S tatistics

in

p ro g ram

m e tro p o lita n

of

a re a s

annual
is

d e ­

s ig n e d to p r o v i d e d a ta o n o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , a n d e s t a b ­
lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v isio n s.
It
y ie ld s
o f th e

States.

A

m a jo r

co n sid e ratio n

in

th e

p ro g ram

1.

an d le v e l of w a g e s
At

th e

letin p r e se n ts
c o m p le tio n
roun d
The

of

a re a s

end of each

su rv ey

of

a ll

su rv ey s,

first

p art

stu d ied

of
a

th e

fo r

one

d ata

an

each

in d iv id u a l a r e a

b u lle tin .

each

a re a

The

of

of stan dard

h o u rly

scop e

of su rv ey

and

of in crease

sa la rie s

se le c te d
fo r

and

4

stra ig h t-tim e

o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s,

and

se le c te d

p e r i o d s ______________________________

6

w o m e n _________________________________

7

stu d ied .

A fter

O ccu p atio n al e a rn in g s:
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d

fo r

A -2.

P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n

w o m e n __________________________________________________________________________

10

A -3.

O ffice , p r o f e s s io n a l, a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s—
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d ____________________________________________

11

A -4.
A -5.

M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s _________________________
C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ________________

12
13

th e

is

A.

w ee k ly

ea rn in g s fo r

p ercen ts

b u l­

w ith in

a

issu e d .

m e tro p o lita n

second p art

p resen ts

b e e n p r o je c te d fro m in d iv id u al m e t ­
r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d th e

and

State s.
B.
N in e ty

a re a s

gram .
In e a c h a r e a ,
is c o lle c te d
an n u ally
su p p le m e n ta ry
T h is
M iam i,

In d exes

and w o rk ers

s t u d i e d _______________________________________________________________________

b u lle tin s

a re a

s u m m a r y b u lle tin
fo r

2.

an d in d u stry d iv isio n s.

in d iv id u a l

tw o -p art

b rin g s

in to

a re a s

su rvey,

re su lts

in fo r m a tio n w h ich h a s
r o p o lita n a r e a d a ta to
U n ited

am ong

E sta b lish m e n ts
num ber

is

th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in t o (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2) th e s t r u c ­
tu re

1
5

T a b le s:

d e ta ile d d a ta b y se le c te d in d u stry d iv isio n fo r e a c h
a re a s
stu d ied , fo r g e o g ra p h ic re g io n s,
an d fo r th e

U n ited

I n t r o d u c t i o n _________________________________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _____________________________________

w age

in

are

in c lu d ed

in

th e

p r o ­

p ro v isio n s
p rese n ts

D ecem b er

re su lts
The

of

th e

su rvey

Stan d ard




en tran ce

su p p le m e n ta ry

sa la rie s

fo r

w age

w om en

p ro v isio n s:

w o r k e r s ________________________________________________________________________

o ffic e
15

S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ____________________________________________________________
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ___________________________________________________
P a i d h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________ * ___________________

16
17
18

in

B -5.

P a id

v a c a t i o n s ________________________________________________________________

19

M etro ­

B -6.
B -7 .

H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ______________________________
M eth o d of w a g e d e te rm in a tio n an d fre q u e n c y of
p a y m e n t ________________________________________________________________________

22

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ____________________________ ._____________________

24

p o lita n
S tatistical A rea,
a s d e fin e d b y
th e B u r e a u o f th e
B u d get th rou gh
Jan u ary
1968,
co n sists
of D ad e
C o u n ty .
T h is stu d y w a s c o n d u c te d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e
in A tla n ta ,
G a. ,
C ru se , A ssista n t

and

M in im u m

B -2 .
B -3.
B -4.

b ie n n ia lly .

1968.

E sta b lish m e n t p r a c tic e s
B - l.

in fo rm a tio n on o c cu p atio n al e a rn in g s
and on e sta b lish m e n t
p r a c tic e s and

b u lle tin

F la . ,

c u rre n tly

u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f D o n a ld
R e g io n a l D ire c to r fo r O p e ra tio n s.

M.

A p p en d ix .

N O TE:
a re a s.
of

p re v a ilin g

av aila b le

iii

(See
fo r

S im ila r
in sid e
pay
seven

tab u latio n s

b ack
le v e ls

c o v e r.)
in

se le c te d

th e

are

av aila b le

U n ion
M iam i

b u ild in g

sc ale s,
area,

trad e s.

for

o th er

in d ic a tiv e
are

also

2 3




Area Wage Survey--The Miami, Fla., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is
B u reau
and

of

re la te d

o b ta in e d
a tiv e

a re a

L ab o r

is

b e n e fits

by

1 of
on

p erso n al

trad e;

se rv ic e s.

M a jo r

governm ent

six

trad e;

o p e ra tio n s

E sta b lish m e n ts

B u reau

b road

fin an ce ,

grou ps

and

th e

In

th is

a re a ,

ec o n o m ists

in d u stry
and

L a b o r ’s

exclu d ed

d ata

to

fro m

re al

in

catio n

fo r

g iv en

of

of

th e

b road

in d u stry

d iv isio n s

w h ich

are

stan d ard

in d u strie s.

m eet

T h ese
o b tain
larg e

o p tim u m
th an

h ow ever,
tim ates
a s

cost

are"

co n d u cted

in v o lv ed

accu racy

at

in

e sta b lish m e n ts

b ased
fo r

on

to

all

th ose

O ccu p ation s
The

th e

and

are

is

esta b lish m e n ts
th e

a

sa m p le
all

cost,

a

stu d ied .

giv en

esta b lish m e n ts

b elo w

on

su rv ey in g

m in im u m

of sm a ll e sta b lish m e n ts
a ll

re latin g

except

of

su rv ey s

and

re p o rted ,

th e ir

stu d ied

in

m in im u m

th e

gre ater
In

are

b ecau se

th ese

co m b in in g

of

The

of

d ata,

not

th erefo re,

o ccu p atio n s
and

se le c te d

for

area ,

are

com m on

in d u strie s,

and

to

a

are

th e

m en

account

of

in ter e s ta b lish m e n t

th e

in d u strie s c o m b in e d .
and d e sc rib e d , o r fo r

w ith in o c c u p a tio n s ,

not p re se n te d

a re

e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t i n t h e
d a ta to m e r it p r e se n ta tio n ,
in d iv id u a l

e sta b lish m e n t

in th e

v a ria tio n

o ccu p atio n is
or
(2) t h e r e

ta b le s,

in c lu d e d .

d ata

for

sch e d u le

ex clu d e

W here

o ccu p atio n s,

th e

n earest

been

h a lf

referen ce
h our)

ro u n d ed to th e

re fle ct

esta b lish m e n ts

fo r

p r e ­

h ours

is

to

w h ich

th e
e m ­

fro m

sp read

d iffe ren tial

and

in

re fle c t

any

of

th o se

d iffe re n c e s

th e

u sed

in

am ong

in d iv id u a l

re la tiv e

e a rn in g s

B e cau se

in

1

and

fail

each
to

am ong

av erage

facto rs

w om en

re fle c t

pay

of

jo b
jo b .

jo b s

o ccu p atio n s

treatm en t

p o ssib le

m en

esta b lish m e n ts
in

th e

of

in

le v ­

sh o u ld

th e

se x es

w h ich

in clu d e:

and

sp e c ific

d iffe re n c e s

th e e s t im a t e s of
of e sta b lish m e n ts

im p o rta n c e
stru ctu re

m ay

a llo w
d u tie s

D iffe r­

fo r

m in o r

p erfo rm ed .

of
do

th e

not

jo b s
affect

in

o ccu p atio n al

stru ctu re

o c cu p atio n al em p lo y m en t o b ­
stu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te

stu d ied .

T h ese

m a te ria lly

th e

d iffe re n c e s

accu racy

of

in
th e

d ata.

E sta b lish m e n t

d ata.

fo r

e sta b lish m e n ts

su rveyed.

o ccu p atio n al

to o s m a ll to p ro v id e en ough
is p o ssib ility of d isc lo su r e

pay

fo r

e sti­

and

O ccu p ation al
em p lo y m en t
estim ates
rep resen t
th e t o t a l in
e s t a b li s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e stu d y an d n o t th e n u m b e r

th e

b ecau se

in

pay

O th er

le v e l

m ay

m a in ta in e d

se le c te d

in

are a w id e

pay

estim ates

d iffe re n c e s

d iffe ren c es

esta b lish m e n ts.

in

th e a v e r a g e s

S im ila rly ,

w om en
to

or

n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r.

c o m p o site,
d iffe r

o b tain ab le

am o n g e sta b lish m e n ts,
ta in e d fr o m th e sa m p le

1
Inc lu de d in the 90 ar eas are four studies c o nd u ct e d under co nt r ac t with the New York State
D ep ar tm en t o f Labor. Th e se ar eas are Bingha mton (New York portion only); R oc hes te r (o f f ic e o c c u ­
pations only); S y ra cu se ; an d U t i c a —R o m e . In addit ion , die Bureau conducts mo re l i m i t e d ar ea studies
in 91 areas a t the request o f the W age and Hour and Pu b li c Contracts Divisions o f the U. S. D e ­
pa rt m en t o f Labor.




sh ow n

r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b li s h e d
rate ra n g e s,
s i n c e o n l y f ch e
s p a id in c u m b e n ts a r e c o lle c t e d ; a n d d if f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f ic
o rm ed ,
a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f ie d a p p r o p r ia te ly
sam e
su rv ey
jo b
d escrip tio n .
Job
d e scrip tio n s
u s e d in
e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e
su rv e y s a re u su ally m o re g e n e raliz e d

a ctu ally

E a rn in g s d ata for so m e
so m e in d u stry d iv isio n s

A - se rie s

are
w eek ly

to

th an

in
d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e
jo b .
The
o ccu p atio n s se le c te d
fo r study
a r e l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix .
T h e e a r n in g s d a ta fo llo w in g
th e jo b title s a r e fo r a ll
of th e o c c u p a tio n s lis t e d

E arn in gs

c o n tr ib u te d iffe r e n tly to th e

w age

in d iv id u a l

a ll

tak e

th u s,

assu m e d

d e scrip tio n s

to

to

p resen ted

and

re la tio n sh ip

d iffe re n c e s

d e sig n e d

d ata

re gu lar

e n c e s in p
actu al ra te
d u tie s p e r f
w ith in th e
c lassify in g

v a rie ty
of

a

co n trib u te

stu d ied .

stu dy

n o n m an u fa c tu rin g

fo r
be

w ith in

E arn in gs

m an u factu rin g

pay

els

E s ­

and

are

cle ric al

have

in d iv id u al e s ta b lish m e n ts .

th e

gro u p in g

o ccu p atio n s
av era g e s

and,

a ccu ra te ly

w eigh t.

presen ted ,

ea rn in g s

o ffic e

(ro u n d ed

In d u strie s

fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1)
O ffic e
c l e r i c a l ; (2)
p ro fe ssio n a l
an d te c h n ic a l;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O ccu p ation al
c la ssific a tio n is
b a se d on a u n ifo rm
se t of jo b

of

fo r

w orkw eek

The

To

p ro p o rtio n

ap p ro p ria te

in d u stry

size

b asis

c lassifica tio n .

in c en tiv e
a s

in g s fo r

p u b li­

e sta b lish m e n ts.

e a rn in g s

p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r stra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu siv e of p ay
fo r o v e rtim e at re g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a te s).
A v e ra g e w ee k ly e a r n ­

are

criteria.

u n n e cessary

and

h ire d to w o rk

w ee k ly

are

staffin g
th e

o ccu p atio n al

m ates.

each

th o se

h o lid ay s,
and
co st-o f-liv in g

and

w o rk ers

em p lo y m en t

i.e .,

allo w a n c e s

M anu­
u tilitie s;

o m itted b e c a u se th ey
ten d to
fu rn ish in su ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t
in th e
o ccu p a ti.o n s
stu d ied
to w a rra n t
in c lu sio n .
Sep arate
tab u latio n s a re
p ro v id ed

th e

w o rk e rs,

m iu m
pay
fo r
o v ertim e
and
for
w ork
on w eek en d s,
la te sh ifts.
N o n p rod u ctio n b o n u se s are. e x clu d e d , but

stu d ies

th ese

num ber

w ere

estate;

and e x trac tiv e

h av in g fe w e r th an a p r e s c r ib e d

fu ll-tim e

re p re se n t­

p u b lic

and

O ccu p ation al

earn in g s

d iv isio n s:

o th er

in su ran ce,

co n stru c tio n

of

of o c c u p a tio n a l

fie ld

c o m m u n icatio n ,

in d u stry

D ep artm en t

b a sis.1

of

w ith in

re ta il

U .S .

su rv ey s

area w id e

an

tra n sp o rtatio n ,

w h o le sa le

in w h ic h th e

co n d u cts

v isits

e sta b lish m e n ts

factu rin g ;

90

S tatistics

P ra c tic e s

and

S u p p lem en tary

W age

In fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s
e sta b lish m e n t
p ra c tic e s and
su p p le m e n ta ry w age

P ro v isio n s
tab le s) on se le c te d
p r o v isio n s a s th ey

re la te
to p lan t an d
o ffic e
w o rk ers.
A d m in istra tiv e ,
ex ecu tiv e,
and
p ro fe ssio n a l
em p lo y ees,
and
c o n stru c tio n
w o rk ers who
a r e u tilize d
as

a

sep arate

w ork

force

are

exclu d ed .

"P lan t

w o rk e rs"

in clu d e

2

w o rk in g
m en and
in clu d e

fo rem en
train ee s)

w o rk in g

and
all
en gaged

n o n su p erv iso ry
w o rk ers
in n o n o ffic e
fu n ctio n s.

su p e rv iso rs

c le ric al

or

re la te d

ex clu d ed

ip m a n u fa c t u r in g

and

fu n ctio n s.

n o n su p erv iso ry

C afeteria

in d u strie s,

(in clu d in g
le a d "O ffice w o rk e rs"

w o rk ers

w o rk ers

but in c lu d e d

and

p e rfo rm in g

routem en

to

sh ow

M in im u m

en tran ce

b n ly to th e

th e

sa la rie s

for w om en

e sta b lish m e n ts

sa m p lin g
te c h n iq u e s u se d ,
m en ts a re
m o re
lik e ly to
su b c le ric a l

The

in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

v isite d .

o ffic e

w o rk ers

B e cau se

of th e

(ta b le

o p tim u m

and
th e p r o b a b ility
th at
la rg e e sta b lish ­
have
fo rm al
en tran ce r a te s
for w o rk e rs

le v el

th an

m an u factu rin g
of

w orker
of

(1)

p o lic ies

sm all

su rvey.
th e

a c tu ally

In

e sta b lish m e n ts,

h ours

o n ly

a p p lie d

it

are

a

and

are

la rg e

lim ite d

in fo rm a tio n

effective
on

th e

w as

v a rie d

or,

th e

tab le

is

esta b lish m e n ts.

to p lan t

In

of

th e

th e

a

in

tim e .

of

v a c atio n

plan s

(tab le

B -5)

is

lim ite d

to

a

fits.

le n g th s

P ro v isio n s

o th er

th an a

a paym ent

a

of

w h ich
to

D ata

com pany

som e

th e

record ed

fo r

p aid

o v ertim e

p lan s

and

th is
th e

fo r

th e

to

a

ex clu d e

tim e

of

se rv ic e

le n g th s

b asis;

for

co n sid e re d

w ere

e x a m p le ,

as

th e

v a c atio n -sa v in g s

"sab b a tic a l"

ste e l,

of

b e n e fits

se rv ic e .

a lu m in u m ,

pu rpo se.

eq u iv ­

p lan s

beyond

T y p ic a l

and

if

w ere

le ss

a

can

esta b lish m e n t

re q u ire d

w as

m a jo rity

to

p lan s

pays

u n io n

o p e ratin g

em p lo y ees
th an a

p e n sio n

at

u n d erw ritten by a
th rou gh

cu rren t
A n

of

and

th e e m p lo y e r

p ro v id ed

out of

m a jo rity
even

in su ran ce,

w h ich

in c lu d e th o se

th ose

em p lo y er

if

or

or

q u a lify in g
in

h ea lth ,

Such p lan s

h ours.

stra ig h t-tim e

"exten d ed "
w ith

on

cost.

w ork,

at

co n v erted

E stim ate s

p lan s

th ose

p lo y ee s

for

are

clu d e

e k ly h o u r s (ta b le B - 3 ) of a m a jo r i t y of th e
e sta b lish m e n t a re
t a b u la t e d a s a p p ly in g to
w o r k e r s of th at e sta b lish m e n t.
S c h ed u le d
h ich
f u ll- t im e e m p lo y e e s w e r e e x p e c te d to

w ere

a ll

and

b asic

of

su ch

in d u strie s.

in

The sch ed u led w e
first-sh ift w o rk e rs
in a n
a ll of th e p la n t o r o ffic e
w ee k ly h o u rs a r e th o se w
th ey

for

p lan t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s of th e e s t a b li s h ­
of
se rv ic e .
P ro v isio n s
for
p ay m en t on

w ere

pay.

offer

w o rk ers

e x c lu sio n s

p lan ,

w h eth er

esta b lish m e n t

b a sis

1 w e e k 's

th e

of

in w h ic h

an

p lan t

m a jo rity ,

d iffe re n tia l w a s

tim e

am ount

th e

of

of 2 p e rc e n t of an n u al e a rn in g s w a s

a le n t

te rm s

tim e

d iffe ren tia ls,

sh ift

b oth

to tal

presen ted

sh ift at

e sta b lish m e n ts

ra te s,

of

w o rk ers

p resen ted

te rm s

if n o a m o u n t a p p lie d to

u sed .

m a jo rity

is

in

p rac tic e ,

sp e c ifie d

h av in g

u sed

p aid at n o rm a l

to

B -2)

T h is

(2)

"o th er"

la te -sh ift
if

and

esta b lish m e n ts

c la ssific a tio n

m e d iu m

p o lic y ,2 p resen ted

em p lo y ed

a m a jo rity w a s

in

(ta b le

in d u strie s.

esta b lish m e n t

em p lo y m en t,

w o rk ers

a p p ly in g to

su m m ary

ta b u la te d a s a p p ly in g to a ll
m en t,
r e g a r d l e s s of le n g th

plan s

of

S h ift d iffe r e n tia l d a ta
in

h o lid ay

It is n o t in te n d e d a s a
re c eiv in g sp e c ific b e n e ­

th o se

m o re -re p re se n tativ e

te rm s

to tal

h alf
h alf

sta tistic a l m e a s u r e of v acatio n
p ro v isio n s.
m e a s u r e of th e p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s a c tu a lly

re la te

above

h o lid ay s

and
and

are

in d u strie s.

B -l)

p a r t of th e p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r of w h ole
h o lid ay s a c tu a lly g ra n te d .
T h e se c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w h ole

co n trib u te

w as

or

elected

fro m

a

to

be

to

th e

of

S ic k n e ss

and

a c cid e n t

in su ran c e

is

lim ite d

set
a

b ecau se

th e

to

by

asid e
p lan

under

th e
e m ­

p lan .

g ally re q u ire d
p lan s,
su ch
as
w o r k m e n 's
co m p en satio n ,
c u rity ,
and r a ilr o a d re tire m e n t w e re exclu d ed .

rates.

th e

in su ran c e

have

covered

co st

in ­

of

d ire c tly

fu n d

to p a r t ic ip a t e

tow ard

B -6)

part

p aid

c o n sid e red

e lig ib le

a

co m m e rc ia l

fu n d o r

fu n d s

(ta b le

le a st

L e ­

so cial

th at

s e ­

ty p e

of

in s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ich p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d ir e c tly
to
th e in s u r e d d u rin g
illn e s s or a c cid e n t
d isab ility .
In fo rm a tio n is
P a id

h o lid ay s;

p aid

v a c a tio n s; h ealth ,

in su ran ce,

and

p e n sio n

p lan s;
and
frequ en cy
of
w age
paym ent
(tab le s
B -4
th rou gh
B -7)
a r e tr e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly on th e b a s is th at th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll
p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a jo r i t y o f su c h w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r
m a y e v e n tu a lly q u alify
fo r th e
p rac tic e s
liste d .
S u m s of in d iv id u a l
ite m s
in t a b l e s
B -2
th rou gh
B -7
m ay
not
equ al to ta ls b e c a u se of
ro u n d in g .

p r e s e n t e d fo r a ll su c h p la n s to w h ich th e e m p lo y e r
ev er,
in N ew
Y o r k an d N ew J e r s e y , w h ich
have
d is a b ility in s u r a n c e la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r
a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y if t h e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s
re q u ire d ,

or

(2) p r o v i d e s

re q u ire m e n ts
lim ite d

of

th e

th e

law .

em p lo y ee

w ith

T a b u latio n s

of

to f o r m a l p la n s 4 w h ich p r o v id e

co n trib u te s.
H ow ­
en acted te m p o ra ry

co n trib u tio n s,3 plan s
m o r e th an is le g a lly

b e n e fits w h ich
p aid

fu ll p a y

sick
or

exceed

le a v e

th e

p lan s

are

a p ro p o rtio n

of

th e

w o r k e r 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e fr o m w o rk b e c a u s e of illn e s s .
S ep arate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
D ata
days
in

gran ted

w ritten

o rd in arily
w orkday

on p a id h o lid ay s
an n u ally

fo rm ,
gran ted

and

th e

or

on
(2)

are

a

(tab le

have

been

in c lu d e d

w orker

is

B -4)

fo rm al

not

b a sis;

are

lim ite d

i.e .,

e sta b lish ed

even

th o u gh

gran ted

(1)
by

d ata

on

h o li­

p ro v id ed

cu sto m .

th ey

m ay

fa ll

an oth er

day

o ff.

2
A n e st a b li sh m e nt was cons ide red as h avi ng a po l ic y if it
ditions: (1) Op erated la te shifts a t the ti m e o f the survey, or (2) h a d
la te shifts. An e st a b li sh m e nt was co ns ide red as h av in g f o rm a l provisions
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) h a d provisions in
la te shifts.




to
are

and

no

w a itin g

for

or

a

H o lid ay s

of

w o rk e rs

on

a

non­

The

first

p e rio d ,

w a itin g p e rio d .
who

are

In

and

(2)

a d d itio n

p ro v id ed

p la n s w h ich

p ro v id e

eith er

p a rtia l

to th e p r e se n t a t io n

of th e

p ro p o rtio n s

sick n e ss

sick
le a v e,
an u n d u p lic ate d to ta l
e ith e r o r b oth ty p e s of b e n e fits.

is

and

a c cid e n t

sh ow n

of

in su ran c e

w o rk ers

who

or

pay
p aid

re ce iv e

m e t ei ther of the fo ll ow in g co n ­
The te mp ora ry dis abi lity laws in C a li f o rn ia and Rhode Island do not require e m p l o y e r
fo rm a l provisions co vering
contributions.
if it (1) h a d op e ra te d late
A n es tab li sh me nt was cons ide red as h a vi ng a f o rm a l pl a n if it es tab li she d a t le a s t the
written for m for ope rating
m i n i m u m nu mbe r o f days o f si ck l e a v e a v a i la b le to e a c h e m p l o y e e .
Su ch a p la n n e ed not be
written, but informal sick l e a v e a ll o w a n ce s, de te rm in e d on an indiv idu al basis, were e x cl ud e d.

3
C atastro p h e
ical

in su ran ce ,

em p lo y ees
th e

in

n o rm al

in su ran ce,

in c lu d e s

ca se

of

ce^ erage

of

m e rc ia l

in su ran ce
fo r

by

th e

of

re tire m e n t

p ro v id e

em p lo y er

reg u lar

in ju r y

are

to

as

m a jo r

or

n o n p ro fit

out of

a

p e n sio n

p ay m en ts

fo r

th e

set
are

and

asid e

enced w o rk ers

su rgical

p lan s.

of

or

th ey

to

m ay

pu rpose.

th ose

p lan s

th e w o r k e r 's

life.

p lan

m eth od
rate

ty p es

of

c e n tiv e
to
ual

all

rate

of

w age

stru ctu re

sy ste m s.

U nder

d e term in a tio n
fo r
a

ex p erien ced w o rk e rs

w orker

o c c a sio n ally




w o rk ers
sin gle
in

m ay

th e
be

rate

p aid

under

stru ctu re

sam e
p aid

(tab le

jo b

above

B -7)

re la te s

v a rio u s
th e

tim e

sam e

c lassific a tio n .
or

b elo w

th e

rate

to

b asic

and
is

in ­

fo r

stru ctu re,
pay

fo r

p lan t w o r k e r s

rate.

w o rk e rs.
for

each

over

a

a

of

q u o ta o r
on
of

su ch p ay m e n ts

sam e

b ecau se
a

th e

sa le s,

or

In

th e

a

on

a

absen ce
is

th an

d e term in e
fo r

rate
on

co m b in atio n

of

a

on ly
o ffic e

is

p aid

p rod u ctio n

stan d ard tim e.
p ay m en ts

th e

fo rm al

p ro v id ed

plan s

b ased

on

of a

w o rk er

of su ch

re p re se n ts

e x p e ri­

p ro v id ed

p lan s

are

ran ge-of-

paid

p re d e te rm in e d

bon uses
in l e s s

A

rate
is

in d iv id u a l

in c id e n c e

sy ste m ,

b a sis

also

of in c en tiv e

lo w

of a jo b

c o m m issio n
of

of

P ro d u ctio n

c o m p le tio n

v a lu e

ran ge.

ty p es

p iecew ork

o u tpu t.

a

th e

of th e

ex cep tio n s.

m a x im u m

In fo rm atio n

q u alificatio n s
on

are

an d /o r

jo b .

th rou gh

In fo rm atio n

U nder
u n it

p ercen tage
p lu s

but

th e m in im u m
th e

th e

th e

C o m ­

b ased
stated

on

a

sa lary

p ercen tage.

p aid
D ata

A n in d iv id ­
sin gle

sp e cifie s

of p r o g r e s s i o n

p e n satio n
M eth od

re aso n s,

beyond

fo r th is

lim ite d

re m a in d e r

sp ecial

rate s

o rg a n iz a tio n s

fu n d

plan s

fo r

protect

exp en ses

in v o lv in g

m e d ica l,

m e d ­

to

d e sig n e d

to p la n s p r o v id in g fo r c o m p le te o r p a r t ia l
Such p lan s m a y be u n d erw ritten by c o m ­

c o m p an ies

T a b u latio n s
th at

and

re ferre d

w h ich

h o sp ita liz a tio n ,

in su ran ce r e fe r s
of d o c to rs' fe e s.

p aid

p lan s

sick n e ss

M e d ic a l
paym ent
be

so m etim es

th o se

rate

ta b le

on

freq u en cy

of

w age

paym ent

a lso

are

p ro v id ed

B -7.

*

in

4

T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W it h i n S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S t u d i e d in M i a m i , F l a . , 1 b y M a j o r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 D e c e m b e r 1968
N um ber of establish m en ts

Indu stry div ision

M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts in sc o p e
o f study

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W it h i n s c o p e o f s t u d y

W it h i n s c o p e
of study3

P lan t
Num ber

O ffice

Percent

T otal4

1,070

211

195,400

100

134,000

30,800

98,450

50

358
712

60
151

52,400
143,000

27
73

41,400
92, 600

4, 50 0
26,300

17,180
81,270

50
50
50
50
50

75
96
237
115
189

27
16
43
20
45

4 2 , 200
9, 800
4 6,800
15,500
28,700

21
5
24
8
15

2 3 , 6 00
(6)
38,700
(7)
(6)

A l l d i v i s i o n s ------------------------------ ————------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________
N onm anufacturing
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a nd
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 _______________________
W h olesale t r a d e .
R etail trade.
___ . . . . .
F in a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te —
Services 8

Stu died

T o tal4

Studied

7, 8 00
(6)
4 , 100
(6)
(6)

36,670
2,510
2 5,470
4 , 84 0
11,780

1 T he M i a m i S t a n d a r d M e tr o p o lit a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y the
B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f D a d e
C o u n t y . T h e " w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e
of
s h o w n in t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e
and
c o m p o s i t i o n o f t h e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e
not i n t e n d e d ,
h o w e v e r , to
o f c o m p a r i s o n w i t h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r th e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p l a n n i n g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y
in a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 19 6 7 e d i t i o n o f t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t l e t s (w it h i n th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu re th e a t e r s a r e c o n sid e r e d a s 1 esta b lish m e n t.
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p l a n t a n d o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e
excluded.
M i a m i ' s t r a n s i t s y s t e m i s m u n i c i p a l l y o p e r a t e d a n d i s e x c l u d e d b y d e f i n i t i o n f r o m th e s c o p e o f
th e st u d y .
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in t h e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " i n t h e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n
of d a ta fo r th is d iv i si o n i s not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e of the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p l o y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) t h e s a m p l e w a s
no t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l
esta b lish m e n t data.
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h i s e n t i r e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in t h e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n l y in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in t h e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s not m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g i v e n in f o o t n o t e 6 a b o v e .
8 H o te ls and m o t e ls : la u n d r ie s and oth er p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n onp rofit m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n iz a tio n s (excluding
re lig io u s and c h aritab le o rgan izatio n s); and en gin eering and a rc h ite c tu ral s e r v ic e s .




A b o u t o n e - f o u r t h o f t h e w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y i n th e M i a m i a r e a w e r e
e m p lo y ed in m a n u fac tu rin g f i r m s .
T he follow ing p r e s e n t s the m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s and
sp ec ific in d u strie s a s a p ercen t of a ll m anufacturing:
Industry groups
A p p a r e l and other textile
p r o d u c t s __________________________ 18
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ______ 18
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s _____ 15
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _____ 11
P r i n t i n g a n d p u b l i s h i n g ____________ 7

S pecific in du stries
13
A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s _________
W om e n 's and m i s s e s '
o u t e r w e a r ________________________ 11
F a b ric a te d structural m etal
N e w s p a p e r s _________________________ 5
B a k e r y p r o d u c t s — _____________ 4
D a i r y p r o d u c t s __ _____
4
Ship and b oatbu ilding and

T h is in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s of t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c tu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n t h e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

study"e s tim a
serve a

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P resen ted
in

in

a v e ra g e ' sa la rie s

a n d in a v e r a g e
a re

a

ta b le

of

e a rn in g s

m e asu re

of

2

a re

o ffic e

in d ex es

cle ric al

of se le c te d

w ages

at

a

and

percen tages

w o rk ers

p lan t w o r k e r

giv en

tim e,

of

an d in d u stria l
grou ps.

ex p re sse d

a

F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
re la te
to r e g u l a r w e e k ly
s a la r ie s fo r
th e n o r m a l
w orkw eek,

tren ds

in d e x e s

The

a s

change
n u rses,

e x c lu siv e of e a rn in g s fo r o v e rtim e .
F o r
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e

percent

of

p lan t w o r k e r g r o u p s ,
th ey
h o u rly e a rn in g s, ex clu d in g

w ages
d u rin g
th e
b ase
p e rio d
(d ate
o f th e
a re a
su rv ey
co n d u cted
betw een Ju ly
I960 and Ju n e
1961).
S u b trac tin g
100 fr o m
th e in d e x
y ie ld s th e
p ercen tage change
in w a g e s f r o m
th e
b a s e p e rio d
to th e

p rem iu m
p ay fo r o v e rtim e an d fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid ay s,
and
la te sh ifts.
The p e rc e n ta g e s a r e b a se d on d ata fo r se le c te d key o c c u ­
p atio n s
and
in clu d e
m o s t o f th e n u m e r ic a lly
im p o rtan t jo b s
w ith in

date

each

of

w age

th e

m e asu re s
to

in d ex .

ch an ges
of

m e asu re

M eth od

of

The

change

E ach

of

th e

in

assig n e d

o ccu p atio n al

em p lo y m en ts

fo r

2

th e

late r

for

th e

in

group.

w ere

y ear

by

le ss

100

th e

or

in crease

T h ese

area;

th ey

re la te

estim ates

a re

not

e sta b lish m e n ts

o ccu p atio n s

b ased

T h ese

on

to

in ten d ed

in

th e

L im ita tio n s

area.

The

an

o ccu p atio n al
em p lo y m en t

w eigh ts

av erag e

th e

aggregate

re la te d
fo r

sh ow s

by

th e

th e

re fle c t

(m ean )

o ccu p atio n al

in th e g r o u p w e r e

w ere

p ercen t,

by

w ith in

fo r

y e a r 's

th e

of

e a rlie r

and

w age

for

D ata

th e

th e

aggregate
The

change.

re lativ e

fo llo w in g

by

th e

o ccu p atio n s

p rev io u s
w ere

y e a r 's

u sed

in

in d ex .

co m p u tin g

A v erage
th e w a g e

and

p ercen tages

a v e ra g e s,
(2)

m e rit

w o r k e r s w h ile
d u e to c h a n g e s

C h anges

in d e x

in
in

a re
or

o th er

th e
th e

of

in flu en ce d

change,
by:

in c re a se s

sam e
la b o r

(1)
in

a s

m e a su re s

gen eral

pay

sa la ry

re c eiv e d

jo b ,
and
(3)
ch an ges
fo rc e re su ltin g fro m

in

th e

la b o r

fo rce

can

cau se

in c re a se s

o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e
th a t e v e n th o u g h a ll e s t a b li s h m e n t s in a n
av erage
en tered

ea rn in g s
tren d s:

m ay
m ay

Off ice c l e r i c a l ( m e n an d women): Off ice c l e r i c a l ( m e n an d w o m en ) — S k i l l e d m a in te n an ce (men):
Continued
Bookke e ping - m achine
Carpenters
operators, cl ass B
Se cr et a ri es
Elec tr ici an s
Clerics, a cco un ti ng , cl ass es
Ste nographers, ge ne ral
Machinists
A and B
Ste nographers, senior
M e ch an ic s
Clerics, f il e , clas se s
Sw itc hb oa rd operators, cl asses
Me ch an ic s (a u t o m o ti v e )
A , B, and C
A and B
Painters
Clerics, order
T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e operators,
Pipefitters
Clerics, payroll
clas s B
Too l and die ma ke rs
C o m p t o m e t e r operators
Typists, cl as se s A and B
Keypu nch operators, cl ass es
Uns kil le d p la nt (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses ( m e n and women):
Jani tor s, porters, and cl ean er s
Office boys and girls
Nurses, industrial (re gistered)
Laborers, m a t e r i a l handling




in d e x e s

a re a

by

of
and

in d i­

in a v e r a g e
lab o r tu rn ­

over,
f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c t io n s , a n d c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r ­
tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b li s h m e n t s w ith d iffe r e n t p a y le v e l s .

for

re su lta n t

.T h e

in

ch an ges,

v id u al
w ages

The a g g reg ate s

y ear.

p ercen tage

year

ea rn in g s

w eigh t,

to taled .

d iv id in g

b ase

The
change

i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u lt ip ly in g th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y th e r e l a t i v e
fo r th e n e x t
su c c e e d in g y e a r an d
c o n tin u in g to
m u ltip ly
(com p ou n d)
each

group.

a re

p ro p o rtio n ate

its

co n stan t

p o ssib le.

m u ltip lie d

y ea rs
th e

key

w eigh t

a ll o ccu p atio n s

co n secu tiv e

re la tiv e ,

change
d ates.

fo r

ch an ges

se le c te d
a

w h erever

o c c u p a tio n

prod u cts

a v e ra g e s

pay

of

in d ic a te d

C o m p u tin g

w as

each

th e

in

av erage

group
th e

p ercen tages

betw een

d e c re a se s

in

th e

w a g e s m a y h ave d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r-p a y in g e sta b lish m e n ts
th e a r e a o r
e x p an d ed th e ir w o rk
fo rces.
S im ila rly ,
w ages

have
have

en tered

or

ch an ges.
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
a re a gave w age in c re a se s,

re m a in e d re la tiv e ly
rise n
c o n sid e rab ly

th e

co n stan t,
b ecau se

y e t th e a v e r a g e s fo r a n a r e a
h ig h e r-p a y in g
e sta b lish m e n ts

a re a .

T h e u s e o f c o n s ta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a t e s th e e ffe c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b in ­
c lu d e d in th e d a ta .
T h e p e r c e n ta g e s of c h a n g e r e fle c t on ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y fo r s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u r s .
ch anges
in s t a n d a r d
w ork
sch ed u les,
a s
fo r

o v ertim e .

th e in d e x e s
by ch anges

5

W here

n e cessa ry ,

d ata

and p ercen tages of change
in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

They are
su ch ,
or

w ere
any

a d ju ste d

not
by
to

sig n ific a n t

in flu e n c e d by
p rem iu m
pay
rem ove
effect

fro m

caused

6

T a b le

2.

Indexes
in M i a m i ,

of Stan d ard

W eek ly S a la r ie s

F la . , D ecem b er

and S tra ig h t-T im e

1968 and D e c e m b e r

1967,

H o u rly

E arn in g s

and P e rc e n ts

for

of In cre ase

In d exes
(D ecem b er 1960=100)

S elected
for

P ercen ts

O ccu p ation al G ro u p s

S elected

P erio d s

of in c re a se

an d o c cu p atio n al gro u p

D ecem b er

1968

D ecem b er

D ecem b er

D ecem b er

1966

1965

1964

to
D ecem b er

to
D ecem b er

to
D ecem b er

to

1963
to

D ecem b er

D ecem b er

1967

1966

1965

1964

6.
12.

D ecem b er
1967

D ecem b er

1968

In d u stry

D ecem b er
1967

4. 1

3. 7
7 .4

3. 7
4. 7

3. 1
3. 8

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e

c le ric al

134. 2

( m e n a n d w o m e n ) _____
(m e n an d w o m e n )..

In d u stria l n u r se s

125. 9
142. 3

6
1

( m e n ) _______________

159. 5
138. 0

130. 4

5. 8

9. 6
4. 1

129- 8

120. 4

7. 9

4. 5

5. 7
4. 8

5. 6
. 4

2.

U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) ______________________

133. 7

127. 4

5. 0

5. 7

4. 0

4. 2

4. 8

C)

C)

(*)

(*)

S k ille d

m a in te n an c e

0

2. 9

M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e

cle ric al

(m en

In d u stria l n u r se s

a n d w o m e n ) _____

(m en

(*)

an d w o m e n )..

(*)

1 2 7 .4

U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) ______________________

124. 8

3 .4

C)

z1 2 0 .3

5. 9

3. 9
3. 4

4. 5

1.

2. 9

4. 0

D ecem b er

1961

D ecem b er
I960

D ecem b er

1962

129 - 0

( m e n ) ________________

5. 9
24 . 8
D ecem b er

S k ille d m a in te n an c e

0

to

to

1959
to

D ecem b er
1962

D ecem b er

D ecem b er

1963

1961

1960

3. 6

2. 5

2.

8

2. 9

6.

3
5. 1
1. 6

1. 7
1. 8
1. 7

3. 0
2. 8
3. 0

5. 0
1. 8
3. 5

a n d w o m e n ) ______

3. 5

1.

1 .4

4. 1

In d u str ia l n u r s e s (m e n an d w o m e n )...
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ________________

(*)

(*)

to
D ecem b er

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffice c le r ic a l

(m en

a n d w o m e n ) ______

I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ___
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) _________________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) ________________________
M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c le r ic a l

(m en

U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) _______________________

D ata

do

R ev ised




not

m eet

e stim ate.

p u b licatio n

criteria.

—

3. 9
2

2.

1

1. 3

1.

1

(*)

2.

(')

0

3. 6

. 4

5. 6

7

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st u d i ed on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , M i a m i , F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1968)
W eekly e a r n in g s1
(standard )

S ex, o ccu pa tio n, and in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

N um ber
of

A v e rage
w eek ly
h ou rs1
f standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—
$

M ean2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

50

$

55

%

t

6C

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

$

100

$

105

$

*

110

115

120

125

t

130

135

1 ----- $
140

150

and
u nde r

1 ---

160

and

55

60

-

160 o v e r

-

7C

75

80

85

9C

95

IC C

105

110

115

120

125

13C

135

14C

150

~
-

65

6
6

13
10

6
-

12
8

2

49

53

29

19

-

-

-

-

2C
A

15

-

18
2

37

-

45
11

28

-

-

-

MEN
C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

353
41

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBL IC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

220
41
179
109

C LE R K S , ORDER ------------------------C LE R K S , PAYROLL ---------------------OF FI C E BOYS --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------

$

$

$

$

3 7 .0 1 1 6. 50 1 1 6 . CO 1 0 5 . 0 0 - 1 3 1 . CO
4 0 . 0 1 0 0. 00 9 3 . CO 8 2 . 0 0 - 1 1 8 . 5 0

-

-

-

-

-

5

12

9

5

1

5

4

-

“

-

12
3

~

49
6
43
23

-

-

A

15

11

-

-

-

4

9

4

2

7

1

11
10
6

16
14
2

6
6
2

5
5

A

-

1
-

-

A

3

26
23
3

10
8
2

6

6

13

2

-

7

90.00-112.50
94.00-104.50
8 9 .0 0-114.00
91.00-133.00

36

4 0 .0

97.50

9 5 . CO

9 2 . 0 0 - 9 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

38

40.0

9 9 .5 0 1 0 0 . 5 0

88.00-114.00

-

-

-

-

-

135
128
32

3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .0

7 0 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

6 4 .0 0 - 75.00
6 4 .0 0 - 74.00
6 7 . 0 0 - 8 6 .0 0

_
~

_
-

43
43

48
46
1C

—

-

67.50
67.50
7 2 . CO

5

24
1
23
19

3 9 .0 1 0 1 . 5 0 9 9 . CO
4 0 .0
9 9 .5 0 1 0 2 . CO
3 9 .0 1 0 2. 00 9 4 .5 0
3 7 .5 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 0 4 . CO

A

1

-

5

3

5

41
20
21
6

-

*

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

10
-

12
7

-

-

3

10

A
-

19

10
6

5
5

1
1

3
2

10
9

4
A

19
19

-

-

6

-

-

-

3

5

-

2

1

-

-

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

~

7
1
f
c

1

3

1

-

-

1

3

1

1A
3

A

-

"

12

14
11
3

5
5

28
6
22

8
1
7
7

1

-

~

i
_
-

-

~

“

WOMEN
B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
MACHINE) --------------------------------------------------

93

3 9 .5

8 5 .0 0

8 2 . CO

7 6 . 0 0 - 9 7 .0 0

NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

26

3 8 .5

9 0 .5 0

8 9 . CO

7 5 . 0 0 - 9 9 .5 0

-

-

-

-

17
10
7

NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

59

42.0

8 5 .5 0

8 6 . CO

7 4 . 5 0 - 9 4 .0 0

-

-

i

1

15

4

8

A

16
16

3

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

209
66
143

3 9 .5
40.0
3 9 .0

9 1 .5 0
9 8 .0 0
8 8 .5 0

9 0 .5 0
9 6 . CO
8 5 . CO

79.00-1CC.00
8 8 .5 0-112.50
7 6 . 5 0 - 9 8 . CO

-

-

-

-

-

5

23

29
6
23

26

19
8
11

27
12
15

29
13
16

3
1
2

11

179

4 0 .5

8 2 .5 0

82.50

7 8 . 0 0 - 8 7 .5 0

_
-

*
_
-

27
7
20
8

70

33
22
6

29

-

B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

RL 1AIL 1KAUL. ™ m

CLE RK S , ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------ma nuf act ur in g

---------------------

NCNMANUFACTUR1NG -----------------R E T A IL TRADE -------------------C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBL IC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------------R E T A IL T R A D E ----------------------- ---------clerkst

file

>

class

b

NCNHANuFACTUR 1NG
S e e fo o tn o te s at end of ta b le .




-

HO

3 9 .5

8 0 .5 0

8 2 . CO

503
92
411
71

3 8 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0

1 1 0. 00
1 0 0. 50
1 1 2. 00
105.00

108.50
1 0 1 . CO
1 1 2 . CO
1 0 4 . CO

97.00-127.50
8 9 . 0 0 - 1 1 1 . CO
98.0 0-1 3 C.0 0
92.50-124.00

-

1,207
193
1,014
381
129

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .0
3 9 .5

8 7 .5 0 8 5 .5 0
8 2 .0 0 8 2 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
9 9 .5 0 100.CO
8 5 . CO
8 6 .5 0

7 5 .5 0 - 97.00
7 5 . 5 0 - 9 9 .5 0
87 .0 0-1 1 3 .50
7 9 . 5 0 - 9 5 . CC

-

173
165

3 8 .5
3 B.5

7 4 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

7 4 . CO

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

65.50
65.00

6 4 . CO
6 3 .5 0

6 0 . 5 0 - 6 9 .5 0
6 0 . 5 0 - 6 8 . CO

5

23

5

-

6 9 . 0 0 - 8C .C 0

255
229

-

5

21

10
10

11

5

6

-

-

-

-

-

“

3

7

27
16
11
A

5

59
13
46
12

-

-

39

1A A

103

135

171

147

136

71

87

21

39

128
32

72

133
13

124
31

77

30

13

22
A

56
20

20
13

11

113
53
20

52

3

104
16
21

42

33

-

3

51
51

9^

-

11

5

19

2

-

“

*

-

-

*

-

3

*

i
i

~

65
6
59
12

7
7
-

25

13

25

13
1

3

-

1

0

11

12

2

~

~

29
10
19

11

59

11

36

_

40

-

28

7

23

A

4C
2

53

32

7

39

6

3

13

-

-

52
41

32
30

7
2

39

6
i

3
3

13
13

*

-

1

5

A.

-

3

33
6

-

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s st u d i e d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , M i a m i , F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1968)
W eek ly e a r n in g s1
(standard )
N um ber

S ex , o ccu p ati o n, and in d u s tr y di v i si o n

of

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—
%

w eek ly
h ou rs1
(standard )

M ean2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

50

%

55

t

60

$

65

T

i
70

75

1 ---80

1
-----r
85
90

95

"1

i

i
100

105

*
110

i
115

t
120

125

i —
i—
I----- i ---130 135
1AO
150

an d
under

160
and

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

-

-

18
18
3
7

14
4
10
2
8

37
11
26
6
17

23
8
15
1
6

26
16
10
1
9

37
11
264

12
2
1C
1C

49
13
36
26

40
8
32
27

68
43
25
8

14
2
12
12

22
13
9
9

10
6
A
A

5

2

5
3

2

5
5
-

5
5
-

20
14
-

36
12
5

27
24
11

31
28
4

21
21
A

21
21
~

9
9
2
2
2
•_

23
23
8
9

81
12
69
8
11

78
2
76
7
36

6A
14
50
7
14

47
3
44
15
8

74
1
73
21
10

17
5
12
9
3

70
1
69
56
2

21
21

6
A

2
2

_
“

1
1

57
57
-

37
2
35
11
8

130
14
116
A
16

131
15
116
12

172
23
149
7
35

154
16
138
14
18

_

-

6

_

1

-

1

-

■
-

22
2
2C

35
A
31

_
-

•
-

100

105

110

115

120

125

13C

27
10
8
19
10
3
11
4 •
7

6

3

6

22

6
3
3

3
2
-

6
'6
-

22
5
8

2

2

-

-

2

2

13
13

24
24
2

1
1

2
2

24

22

5

15

24
24
-

22
20
2

5
5

15
15

-

297
49
248
67
52

166
1
165
52
21

156
50
1C6
48
27

128
9
119
55
19

167
29
138
71
8

74
14
6C
38
6

8

8
8

8
6

_

5
5

14
8
6
6

8
2
6

11
11

16
12
3

47
47
4
5

34
3
31
7
8

A6
46
3 , u
i
43
35
5
13
18
2

20
1
19
7
-

40
24
16
A
5

AA
3
41
22
1

75
16
59
31
6

26
26
16
6

30
1
29

35
2
33

12
12

8

18

7

8

18
8

7

over

WOMEN - CO NT INUED
CLERKS, PAYROLL — -----------------MANUFAC TUR ING ------------------NC NMA NUF ACT URI NG ---------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 3------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

$
$
‘ 250 40.0 91.00 89.50
O
58 40.0 85.00 87.C
192 4C.0 92.50 91.50
49 39.0 105.50 106.50
74 40.0 88.00 84.50

78.00-1C3.50
80.00- 92.50
77.00-108.00
87.50-124.50
76.00-1C5.00
74.5079.5073.5072.50-

85.50
85.C
O
85.50
86.50

COMPTOMETER OPE RATORS ------------MANUFAC TUR ING ------------------NC NMA NUF ACT URI NG ---------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------- -

228
87
141
101

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

80.50
81.50
80.00
78.50

81.C
O
82.50
78.50
77.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----NO NMA NUF ACT URI NG ---------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

213
177
26

39.0
39.0
39.5

93.50
95.50
89.50

92.C 83.50-1C3.50
O
95.C 87.00-106.50
O
89.00 86.00- 95.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -----MANU FAC TUR ING ------------------NC NMA NUF ACT URI NG ---------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3------------RETAIL t r a d e ------------------

529
38
A91
195
95

38.5
40.0
38.0
36.5
39.5

87.50 86.C
O
81.50 82.C
O
O
88.00 87.C
99.00 102.C
O
80.00 75.C
O

OFFICE GIRLS -----------------------NC NMA NUF ACT URI NG ----------------

32
30

39.5
39.5

69.50
69.50

1,967
233
1,734
516
245

38.5
40.0
38.5
37.0
39.0

108.00
1C6.00
108.50
121.00
103.00

s e c r e t a r i e s 4-------------------------

MANUFAC TUR ING ------------------NC NMA NUF ACT URI NG ---------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

76.00-1CC.50
74.00- 87.00
76.50-101.00
91.00-108.50
75.50- 86.C
O

68.50 66.50- 71.50
68.C 66.50- 7C.50
O
105.C
O
105.C
O
105.C
O
120.C
O
103.00

94.00-121.50
96.50-118.00
93.50-121.50
107.50-133.50
93.50-114.00

-

-

10
1C
-

-

_

2

-

2
2
_

-

*
_
“
-

-

-

_
-

-

_

-

-

-

125.00 126.50 112.00-139.00
116.50 116.C 106.00-127.50
O
127.50 132.C 114.50-141.C
O
O
108.00 1 1 1 . 5 0 96.00-132.00

_

_

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -----------MANUFA CTU RIN G ------------------NC NMA NUF ACT URI NG --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

505 39.0 117.00 113.C 102.00-132.00
O
53 40.0 106.50 103.50 101.00-12C.00
O
O
452 38.5 118.50 115.C 102.50-137.C
87 38.5 137.00 137.50 122.50-155.50
58 39.0 114.50 115.50 106.00-120.00

_
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -----------MANUFA CTU RIN G ------------------NO NMA NUF ACT URI NG --------------PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S3------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------- —

752
91
661
164
65

39.0
40.0
39.0
37.0
38.5

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -----------MAN UFA CTU RIN G ------------------NO NM AN UFA CTU RIN G --------------RE TAI L TRADE ------------------

578
57
521
95

38.0 ICO.50 101.50
40.0 100.00 96.50
38.0 ICO.50 101.50
O
39.0 94.00 96.C

90.50-111.C
O
88.00-113.00
91.00-11C.50
89.50-104.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GEN ERAL -----------MANU FAC TUR ING ------------------NC NMA NUF ACT URI NG --------------PUBLIC UTI LI T IE S3------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

690
102
588
17C
48

39.0
39.5
39.0
37.0
39.5

78.50- 96.C
O
82.50- 94.50
77.50- 96.50
89.00-1C4.50
81.50- 97.50

SECRETARIES, CLA S S A -----------MANUFAC TUR ING ------------------NC NMA NUF ACT URI NG --------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

S e e f o o tn o te s at end of t a b le .




132 39.5
32 A • 0
0
100 39.5
27 39.0

104.50
105.50
104.50
125.50
1C4.00

88.00
88.00
88.00
97.50
87.50

103.C
O
11C.50
102.50
126.C
O
103.50

87.50
9C.50
87.C
O
96.50
85.C
O

90.00-12C.50
95.00-116.50
89.50-121.00
118.00-137.00
97.00-114.50

-

-

“
_
-

-

A
A
i
-

“

-

-

12
2
10

2
2

16
16
-

-

-

-

4

3

7

3

30

3

30

16
16

60
5
55

77
6
71

70
12
58

85
14
71

1

5

9

66
6
60
3
A

19

64
1
63
14
7

-

*

97
26
71

6

11
11
-

21
2
19
8

52
7
45
9

52
9
43

79
9
70
22

45
6
39
5

107
1
106
26

50
50
9

68
15
53

2

28

2
-

28
8
~

92
12
80

68
68

110
26
84

93
9
84
2C

5

10

41
6
35
8
9

73
1
72
41
5

19
11
8
6
2

7
2
5
5

A

119
35
84
36
6

-

-

_

_

1
1
1

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

6
6

5
5
1

6

7

6

7

7

8

7

1
1

7

27
2
25
8

49
2

8
1
7

57
26
40
1
39
24

19
1
18
3

9

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s try d iv isio n , M ia m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1968)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num ber
of
w oikers

A ve rage
w eek ly
h ou rs1
(standard)

S

%

50
M ean 2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

$

t

55

60

(

i

65

70

t

i

%

75

80

85

$
90

$
95

$
ICO

$
105

$

t
no

115

$
120

t
125

$
130

$
135

$
140

s
150

and
under
55

160
and

60

65

70

75

8C

85

90

13

87

in

ai
i

95

100

110

115

15

105

8

11

1

120

125

13C

135

T2

5

10

14C

150

160 over

WOMEN - CO NTINUED

44

$
$
88.00-103.50
86.50102.00
__ nn
38*5
8 8 . 5 0 - 104.00
40.0 119*00 121.50 108.00-131.00

60
33

8 0 . 0 0 - 1 2 3 . CO
39*0
99*^0 107*50
38*5 118.00 1 2 2 . C0 113. 00 -1 27 .CO

L

,

L
9 7 . C0

1

j W 1 1LI 1 m K U LrLHA 1UK j f v L A j j A
uU
PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 3---------------

"40
536
63
SWITCHBOARD OPER AT OR -R EC EP TI CN IS TS -

370
z i?

At

^

73.00

72.50

74.00

39.5

80.50

8C.C0

T9 .5
J ^

7n*'n
79 .50
7

-

oo rn
02 • CO

75.50- 87.50

10
10
-

-

-

-

50
50
tt

76.C0

39.5

68 .0 0- 77 . 5C
68.00- 77.50

-

125

-

48

J

77
2

64
2

29
i

to

^8
-

2

J

Z

2

-

-

i

1

-

2

-

8

2

166
165

100
100

45

8
8

23

9

4

-

-

3

2
Z

12

3

1

1

2
2

1

1
1

rc

j
8

1C

1

-

-

-

-

4

4

-

-

-

-

*
2

36
1

74.00- 85.00

ICO
a

63

?

67

31
22

4

40

2

2

TA BU LA TING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
??
32

TO* ^ !!?■?? i ni* rn
39.5 11^.00 102.50

74
65

38.0

l

i

TRAN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------—

343
183
' 00
129
351

RET AIL TRADE

■■

88

79.50
-

7 2 . C0

ao n
38 0 91*00
8 5 * CO
38.5 101.00 10 4 . C0
40.0
39.5
40.0

81 00
84.00

77 CO
83.50

97*'0 102*C0
76.00
74.00

64.00- 88.00

-

-

20
20

1C
10
t n
t q

86.00-117.00

-

-

-

13

t9

12

6

1HA
78.50- 94.00
69 .0 0- 83.50
70.00- 82.00

2

n

80

i

15

15
10

99
1-4
29

30
46
ii

6
06
12
60
35
^1
13

1

3
3

-

6

-

15

7

13

19

15

13

*?9
''O
29

19

10

33

17

7

2

2

90
24

26
rz

3

28

rr

rz

T9

6

19

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
2

8

8

5

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e sp o n d
to th e se w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s co m p u te d fo r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g th e e a r n in g s o f a l l w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y th e n u m b er o f w o r k e r s . Th e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s itio n — h a lf of the e m p lo y e e s su r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o re
th an the r a te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s th an the r a t e show n. T h e m id d le ra n g e i s d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s of p a y ; a fo u rth of the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th an the lo w e r of th e s e r a t e s and a fo u rth e a r n m o re th an the
h ig h e r r a te .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th er th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




10

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , M ia m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1968)
W eek ly e a r n in g s1
(standard )
N um ber

S e x , o c cu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

of

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight -time weekly earnings of-$

w eek ly
h ou rs1
(standard)

M ean2

M e d ian 2

M iddle r a n g e 2

$

$

$

$

%

$

s

t

t

s

i

i

!

$

$

S

t

$

t

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

180

190

200

105

11C

115

120

125

13C

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

17C

175

180

ISC

200

210

“

“

2

10

2

13

5

2

2

1

9

12

41

27

30
30

3

2

27
22
5

-

-

3
6

15
12
3

19

-

14
11
3

9

-

-

-

100

100

*

Under 95
$
and
95
under

9
6
3

16
6
10

3
2

3

2

_

11
11

-

12

15

9

-

-

2
1
1

3
3
3

8
8
8

1
1
1

1C
10
10

-

-

MEN
CRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NC NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------ 1
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

129
166
92
74

$
$
$
$
40.0 174.00 181.50 156.00-189.50

_

39.5 137.00 135.CC 123.50-154.00
40.0 128.00 1 2 6 . CO 114.00-145.50
39.0 148.00 151.50 135.00-161.50

-

7C ' 40.0 128.00 14C.50 108.00-147.50
27
40.0 108.00 10 5 . CO 97 .5 0- 12 3. 00

1
1

38.5 134.50 140.50 1 2 3 . 50 -1 51 .CO
38.0 136.50 14 2 . CO 1 2 4. 00 -1 51 .5C
38.0 139.00 14 3.CO 1 2 6. 00 -1 52 .CO

1
1

_
-

-

12
11

2
-

11
2
9
2
2

3
_

-

19

11
-

-

11

-

~

“

-

3
-

-

“

WOMEN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED! --N C N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

1
to th e se
2
3

37
32
29

5

4
3

5
2
2

-

2
2
1

-

~

-

-

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k f o r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d
w ee k ly h o u r s .
F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er pu b lic u t il it i e s .




11

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , M ia m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1968)
Average

A v e rage

Occupation and industry division

N um ber
of

W eekly
hours 1
(stan dard

W eekly
e arnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Occupation and industry division

of

workers

W eekly

W eekly

hours 1 earnings 1
standard)
(standard) (

95
68
27

39.5
90.0
38.5

$
85.50
83.50
91.50

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------N'CNMANUFACTUR I N G ------------

90
59

91.0
92.0

89.50
85.50

BC CK KE EPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

231
89
197

39.5
93.50
90.0 100.50
39.0
89.50

BC OK KE EPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------RETAIL TRADE --------------

18G
28
152
96

90.5
90.0
91.0
39.5

82.50
82.00
82.50
80.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MA NUFACTURING --------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------RETAIL TRADE --------------

856
133
723
73

38.0
90.0
37.5
39.0

112.50
ICO.00
115.00
105.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MA NUFACTURING --------------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------RETAIL TRADE --------------

1,927
239
1,193
990
129

CLERKS, FILF, CLASS B --------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

179
171

38.5
38.5

79.00
79.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------NC NMANUFACTURING ------------

255
229

39.0
39.0

65.50
65.00

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .------------

137
127

90.0
90.0

89.00
81.50

CLERKS. PAYRCLL ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------NCNMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------RETAIL TRADE --------------

288
83
205
53
74

90.0
92.CO
40.0
87.50
90.0
94.00
39.0 106.50
90.0
8 8 .0 0

COMPTOMETER OP ERATORS --------MA NUFACTURING ---------------NCNMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------RETAIL TRADE --------------

226
87
191
101

90.0
90.0
39.5
9C.0

39.0
89.50
90 . C 85.00
39.0
90.50
37.5 102.OC
39.5
86.50

80.50
81.50
80.00
78.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ----NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG --------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------

216
1 80
26

39.0
39.0
39.5

$
93.50
96.00
89.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES -----------RETAIL TRADE -----------------

538
38
50C
195
95

38.5
6C.C
38.0
36.5
39.5

87.00
81.50
87.50
99.00
80.00

OFFICE BOYS AND GI RL S—
NC NM AN UF AC TU RI NG PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-

167
158
92

38.0
38.0
37.0

70.00
69.50
79.00

233
1,736
517
295

38.5
90 . C
38.5
37.0
39.0

108.OC
1C6.00
108.50
121.00
103.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----NCNMAN UF AC TU RI NG —
RETAIL TRADE -----

132
32
100
27

39.5
90.0
39.5
39.0

125.00
116.50
127.50
1C8.0C

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----NC NM AN UF AC TU RI NG
PUBLIC UTILITIES ■
RETAIL TRADE -----

506
53
953
87
58

39.0
9C.0
38.5
38.5
39.0

117.00
106.50
118.50
137.00
119.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MA NU FACTURING -----NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
RE TA IL TRADE -----

753
91
662
165
65

39.0
90.0
39.0
37.0
38.5

105.00
105.50
109.50
126.00
109.00

SECRETARIES. CLASS C
MA NU FA CT UR IN G — --NCNMAN UF AC TU RI NG -RETAIL TRADE -----

578 • 38.0 100.50
57 90.0 ICO.00
521
38.0 100.50
39.0
94.00
95

SECRETARIES 3-----------MA NUFACTURING -----NC NM AN UF AC TU RI NG — -PUBLIC UTILITIES RETAIL TRADE -----

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MA NUFACTURING -----NCNMAN UF AC TU RI NG -PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2RETAIL TRADE -----

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS - CONTINUED

BILLERS. MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

A v erag,

N um ber

11969

690
102
588
17C
48

39.0
39.5
39.0
37.0
39.5

88.00
88.00
88.00
97.50
87.50

Num ber
of

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
e arnings 1
(standard)

- CO NT IN UE D

STENOGRAPHERS, S E N I O R ---------- •
---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- ----------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

392
55
287
91

$
38.5
98.00
90.0
92.50
38.5
99 .OC
90.0 119.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ---NCNMANUF AC TU RI NG ----- -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

70
60
33

39.0
97.00
39.0
99.50
38.5 118.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NC NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

590
536
63

44.0
99.0
39.5

73.00
73.00
79.00

SWITCHBOARD CPER AT OR-RECEPT I C M S TSM A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- -----------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

370
158
212
35

39.5
9C.C
39 .C
39.5

80.50
81.50
79.50
79.50

TA BU LA TING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

93
81

3 7.5 110.00
37 .C 113.50

TRANSCRI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

79
65

3e.o
38.0

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------NC NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 2---------------

365
399
189

38.0
90 . 5C
38.0
91. 50
38.5 1C 1.50

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING --- ----------------NCNMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

4 8C
129
351
95
88

39.5
90.C
39.5
39.0
40.0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------

133

4C.0 173.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

169
92
77

39.5 136.50
4 C . 0 128.CO
39.0 147.OC

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

73
27

40.0 126.OC
9C.C ice.oo

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

9C
32
29

38.5 139.50
38.0 136.50
38. C 139.00

81.00
79.50

81.OC
84.00
80.00
97.50
76.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of pay f o r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s
c o r r e sp o n d to th e se w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t il it i e s .
3 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th er th an th o se p r e se n te d s e p a r a t e ly .




12

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , M ia m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1968)
Hourly earnings 1

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

i

N um ber

O c cu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

of
workers

Mean 2 Median 2

Middle range 3

I

*

%

U n d e r1 * 7 0 l * 80 1 , 9 0
*
and
1 .7 0 u nder
-

*

s

I

i

i

2 * 00 2 * 10 2 * 2 0 2 * 30 2 * A0
-

-

-

-

*

i

s

*

i

i

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

98
92

$

3.57
3.61

$

4.11
4.13

$

$
2.83- 4.24
2.82- 4.24

2
2

2
2

4
4

3
3

1
1

1
1

7
7

1
1

-

_

1

-

7

_

7
-

-

2
1
1
~

-

. 1

-

1
1

-

-

-

“

-

_

-

-

-

EL ECTRICIANS, MA IN TE NA NC E
M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---

157
58
99
69

3.56
3.25
3.75
4.13

3.73
3.18
4.14
4.21

3.C22.983 . 164.13-

4.20
3.53
4.23
4.25

ENGINEERS, ST AT IO NA RY --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

171
154

2.66

2.81
2.80

2.222.18-

2.89
2.87

HELPERS, M A IN TE NA NC E TRADES
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------

121

2.36
2.26
2.52

2.32
2.45

2.22

2.07- 2.55
2. 10- 2.49
1.91- 3.13

MA CHINISTS, MA IN TE NA NC E
M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-

293
44
249
249

4.16
4.16

4.17
3.04
4.20
4.20

3.973.C04.114 . 11-

4.24
3.08
4.25
4.25

MECHANICS, AUTOMO TI VE
(MAINTENANCE) -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3
RE TA IL TRA0E ----

614
132
482
285
46

3.21
2.64
3.37
3.57
2.99

3.23
2.57
3.41
3.64
3.15

2 .7 7 2 .4 6 3 .4 3 2 .9 6 -

3 .6 4
2 .8 0
3 .6 7
3.91
3.2 6

MECHANICS, MA IN TE NA NC E -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

277
205
72

3.04
2.85
3.57

2.92
2.79
3 .6 3

2 .6 1 2 .5 1 3 .3 6 -

3.4 4
2 .9 9
4 .1 3

-

PAINTERS, MA IN TE NA NC E --------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

136
134

2.54
2.54

2.27
2.26

2 .1 7 2 .1 6 -

2 .8 4
2 .8 6

1A
1A

88
88

3.36
3.36

3.35
3.35

3.20- 3.54
3.2C- 3.54

TOOL AND DIE MA KE RS MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------

73
48

2.61

3.98

2.96

3.Ce-

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w ee k e n d s,
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .




2

12
10

2
6
6

8
8

-

-

“

3
3

9
7

6

_

~

-

9
A

13
13

53
53

7
2

-

-

_

_

-

"

-

1
1

6
6

*

*

3.80 4.00 4.20 A. A0 4.60

-

“

12
12

17
7
10
-

2
1
1

3
1
12
7
5
“

2
2

*

-

1 80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.2C 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3 20 3.40 3.60

CA RPENTERS, MAINTENANCE
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---

*

3.20 3.4C 3.60 3.8C 4 . CO 4.20 4.40

2 * 50 2 * 60 2 - 7 0 2 * 80 2 * 9 0 3 * C0 3 * 10

-

5
1
A
-

13
12
1
“

4
A

i
i

16

_

6

16
6
6

18
18

9

26
26

22

36

“

28
28

9
9

7
7
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

13
13

13
13

_

-

14
14

-

~

7
7

-

-

7
7

2

5

5

-

-

-

2

5

5

8
6
2

15
12
3

18
18
-

6
6
-

9
3
6

15
12
3

16
16
*

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

A

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

A

-

2
2

-

23
18
5
2

13
5
8

21
17

57

4

18

6

4

e

-

6

6
i
5
1

A0
2C
2C
8
-

35
3
32
12

29
29

20
2C
*

16
16

9
9

2
2

2

31
27
4

-

39

-

8

19

-

-

22
22

36
36

-

11
6

-

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

2

37

84

-

-

-

-

-

37
37

e4
84

_

_

-

A
_

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

-

1
1

and la te s h if ts .

-

12
11
1

-

16
16

5
5

2

12
11
1

A
2
2

50
50

-

-

3
3

7
1
2
-

2
2

80
2
78
10
10

55
i
54
42
2

107

12

107
107

12
9
1

23
23

15
1
14

12

19
6
13

19

36
36
-

. 2
2

_

10
10

3
3

*

13
13

35
35

18
18

-

-

-

_

“

-

61
26
35
8
19

8
2
6

-

-

-

9
9

*

-

h o lid a y s ,

-

-

9
9

2
2

-

-

-

-

12
_

1
-

126
-

126
126
51

20
~

-

20
15
"
19

7
7

-

-

51
49
“

-

A

15
15

-

1

19

A

2
2

_

-

7
7

10
10

A
A

_

2
2

-

_

_

-

13
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
f A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , M iam i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1968)
Hourly earnings
O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—
t
$
S
$
$
I
t
*
J
s
t
$
t
t
t
t
$
S
t
1
*
*
1*30 1.40 1.50 1.6C 1.70 1.80 1 .90 2.00 2 .10 2 .20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2 .60 2 .70 2.80 2 • 9C 3 .00
.2C 3.40 3.60 3.80

w it s
or er

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

TT ^
t
1. 3C under

and

1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.8C 1.90 2 .00 2.10 2.20 2 . 3Q 2.4C 2.50 2.60 2 .70 2 .80 2.90 3 .CC 3 .20

.40 3.60 3.80 over

987
915

$
1.74
1.72

$
1.66
1.66

$
$
1.62- 1.70
1.62- 1.69

6
6

-

84
84

-

664
664

28
13

25
8

29
21

29
20

18
10

3
l

17
13

15
10

2
1

3
1

1
-

33
33

3C
30

“

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS --MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S4 --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

2,592
522
2,070
244
363

1.77
1.92
1.73
2.71
1.68

1.68
1.87
1.65
2.85
1.67

1.571.731.502.751.59-

4

210
210
48

294
294
19

214
214
24

752
ICC
652
1
130

325
88
237
A
46

216
111
105
9
43

69
26
43
2
24

110
72
38
8
12

58
3C

4
“

2e

3C
3
27
1
4

85
72
13
5
3

14
8
6
2

8
5
3
3

7
4
3
3

19
3
16
16
~

116
116
116
~

5C
5C
5C

9
9
9

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) ------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------- PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S4---------------

313
289
31

1.72
1.72
2.61

1.66
1.66
2.78

1.63- 1.69
1.63- 1.69
1.89- 3.05

1
“

1
“

“

_
-

-

9
9
9

-

-

13
13
13

LABORERS, MATERIAL HAND LI NG -------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S4--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

1,918
955
963
110
481

1.94
1.92
1.95
2.55
1.94

1.82
1.88
1.79
2.39
1.78

1.681.681.682.351.67-

35
23
12

163
47
116

92
68
24
14

64
51
13
13

54
54
_
47

53
2
51
28
23

2
2
2
-

9
S
9
-

11
11
11
-

-

ORDER
FILLERS ----------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

698
675
197

2.15
2.17
2.35

PACKERS, SHIPPING -------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

395
325

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------*----

148
47
101
46

GUARDS AND WATC HM EN ----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1.87
2.09
1.78
2.90
1.81

21
4

_

-

“
_

2
2

-

-

“
_
-

”

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

“

-

253
244
1

1C
5

23
15
8

1
1

2
2

2.21
2.13
2.33
2.78
2.30

-

_
-

-

A
4

6C3
288
315

319
129
19C

192
78
114

93
81
12

137
116
21

-

-

~

-

165

94

43

12

21

87
72
15
6C
15

12

22

1.88
1.89
2.66

1.74- 2.71
1.75- 2.72
1.78- 2.85

~

-

“

-

114
91
1C

156
156
5C

96
96
4

14
14
10

18
18
10

7
7
3

7
7
7

27
27

1
1
1

11
11
1

61
61
5

89
89
21

60
60
58

16
16
16

21
21
1

-

“

“

1.90
1.91

1.82
1.80

1.75- 1.99
1.74- 2.03

_

_
“

_
-

_
-

13
13

166
157

89
60

31
10

28
18

9
9

31
31

6
6

8
7

2
2

6
6

6
6

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

2.56
2.46
2.60
2.38

2.51
2.58
2.37
2.38

2.212.152.221.85-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
~

6
6
6

1
1

17
5
12
11

2
2
“

6
6
-

3
2
1

29
6
23
2

9
9
6

1
- •
1
l

7
6
i
i

11
1C
1
1

8
6
2
1

15
5
10
7

5
5
5

7
7
3

1
~
1
1

1
~
1
“

17
i
16
1

2
2
-

*

_

-

-

2.88
2.72
3.04
2.89

_

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

“

“
“

SHIPPING CLERKS ----------------------

60

3.06

3.06

2.89- 3.55

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1C

-

-

-

-

-

6

1C

7

10

6

11

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CL ER KS ----MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

115
109

2.58
2.57

2.64
2.63

2.46- 2.68
2.44- 2.68

_

_

_

_

_
-

_

_

i
i

7
7

i
i

64
6A

7
1

2
2

1
1

6
6

1
1

i
i

_

fc

12
12

_

-

6
6

6

*

_
“

-

“

T R U C KD RI VE RS5 ------------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------RETAIL TRAOE --------------------

2,995
529
2,466
911
629

2.65
2.27
2.73
3.49
2.41

2.64
2.26
2.81
3.72
2.38

2 . Cl1.962.C53.171.85-

3.17
2.58
3.57
3.76
2.89

ICS
1
108

275
43
232

202
31
171

139
97
42

163
36
127

138
22
116

132
58
74

121
A6
75
11
3C

57
A
53

132
75
57
A
24

73
1C
63
30
23

195
92
103
A
32

197
5
192
28
72

55
55
11
39

320
6
314
207
68

51
3
48
6
17

22

599

22
16
2

599
59A
5

15
15

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL T R A O E --------------------

454
89
365
107

2.01
2.21
1.96
2.08

1.89
2.24
1.86
1.83

1.761.951.741.68-

2.19
2.51
2.15
2.52

_

_

_

_

~

~

-

“

~

16
3
13
13

A

-

7
5
2
2

A

-

“

~

2.98
2.15
3.12
3.20
2.56

_

_

_

_

14

55

11

-

-

-

-

14
14

-

*

-

55
52
3

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S4--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .




1,207
186
1,021
301
295

2.40
2.00
2.47
3.14
2.24

2.27
1.96
2.41
3.15
2.08

1.881.851.SC3.C41.81-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

52

72

6A

18

50

28

7

_

_

65
11
54
14

21
21

10

76

-

73
1
72
36

103

-

-

-

31
31

-

76

-

-

10
6

36
36

206
32
174

75
31
AA

94
54
40

72
14
58

16

54

28

16

44

55
2C
35
11
23

~

-

-

-

103
12

-

-

11
_

18
2
16
12

-

90
16
74

57
1C
47

53
2
51

7

16

“

-

9

21
15
6
6
42
2
40
A
16

3

2

_

-

3
3

2
2

48
2
46
24
12

-

-

48
2
16

26
26

48

26

-

4
1
5
-

5
5
*

184
~

184
161
13

-

A
“

36
3
33
2
11

~

15
_

-

11
-

11

14
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , M iam i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1968)
H ourly earn in gs 2
N um ber

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

workers

M e an 3

M e d ia n 3

M id d le ran ge 3

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—
i
$
$
S
I
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
1.30 1.40 1.50 1.6C 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10
.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80
U nder
$
and
1.30 u n d er
1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90

$

.90 3.00

•

t
t
»
.20 3.40 3.60 3.80

CC 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80

over

T R U C K O R I V E R S 5- CONTINUED
TRDCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU BLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

919
110
809
386
227

$
3.09
2.38
3.19
3.64
2.78

$

3.02
2.39
3.09
3.74
2.87

2. 78 2.312.843.712.76-

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

370
144

3.24
2.55

3.71
2.72

2.73- 3.76
2.51- 2.76

TRUCKERS, POKER (FORKLIFT) --------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

370
200
170
85

2.36
2.21
2.54
2.46

2.35
2.15
2.71
2.73

1.961.902.C51.85-

1
2
3
4
5

$

$
3.73
2.57
3.74
3.77
2.99

2.73
2.60
2.87
2.96

4
-

-

-

~

_

~

_

_

_

24
24

24
22
2

24

2

_

_

-

_

-

_

_

_

4

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

D a ta lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h ere o th e r w ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w ee k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if ts .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic atio n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
In c lu d e s a l l d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s of s i z e and ty p e of tr u c k o p e r a te d .




*
-

4
4

~
-

2C
A
16
16

54
42
12
12

26
18
8
4

14

7
2
5

~

14
“

5

~

22
22
28
14
14
2

_
-

34
34
-

46
34
12

4
2
2

34
32
2

2

2

2

11
11
13
9
A

+4
14

“

7
7'

63
10
53
2
14

35
26

_

22
8
14
6
8
_

82
82

5
-4
1
1

60
35
25
7

53
12
41
A

164

43

164
2
70

43

-

115
-

11

8

-

-

332

_

_

212

15

14

9

-

3
3

_

-

11
9

f
c

332
330
2

5
3
11

4

_

8
2
2

-

-

15
15

14
14

-

-

9

-

38

115
AA
42

11
-

i

4
4

-

15

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D is t r ib u t io n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s , M i a m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1968)
O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

I n e x p e r ie n c e d t y p is t s
M a n u fa c tu r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 of--

A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s st u d ie d - ---

-

an d
an d
an d
an d
an d
an d
an d
an d
an d
an d
an d
an d

un der
un der
un der
un der
un der
un der
under
un der
un der
under
un der
o v er-

$ 6 0 .0 0 —
—
- ____
__ .
$ 6 2 .5 0
_
~
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0 $ 7 2 .5 0
_
$ 7 5 .0 0 ----------------------------------------------$ 7 7 .5 0
$ 8 0 .0 0 _
___ — __ __
$ 8 2 .5 0
$ 8 5 .0 0
— _
-

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c i f i e d m in im u m
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ich d id n o t e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y

A ll
s c h e d u le s

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f--

A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

___ __
-

211

60

XXX

151

XXX

211

60

XXX

151

XXX

6

6

36

22

75

19

18

56

38

1
2
16
5
5
4
2
2
1
2
2

2
3
1
-

_
2
3
1
-

_

_
7
5
3
2
1
-

-

11
4
1
2
1
1
1
1

1
3
33
12
10
7
1
1

*

1
2
14
5
2
4
2
1
1
2
2

-

-

2
26
7
7
5
1
1
2
2
1
1

17

3

XXX

14

XXX

29

8

XXX

21

XXX

152

51

XXX

101

XX X

107

33

XXX

74

XXX

3

2
1
1

1 T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in im u m s t a r t i n g (h irin g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
2 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s ii^ s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s su c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f ic e g i r l .
3 D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .




40

42

---------------

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in im u m — $ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 .5 0
$ 8 0 .0 0
$ 8 2 .5 0
$ 8 5 .0 0

40

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

M a n u fa c tu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

1
7
5
3
2
1
-

1

_
21
5
4
3

1
1
1
_
1
1

16




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c e m b e r '1 9 6 8 )
( A l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g = 1 0 0 p e r c e n t )
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —
L a t e - s h i ft p ay p r o v isio n

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g p r o v i s i o n s 1
fo r la te sh ifts
S eco n d sh ift

T o t a l____ ______

A c t u a l l y w o r k in g o n l a t e s h i f t s

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift

S e co n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

4 5 .9

3 8 .0

7 .6

1.7

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t _____

6 .6

2 .8

1 .9

0 .5

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t _______

3 9 .3

3 5 .2

5 .7

1 .3

U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) _________________

3 9 .3

3 3 .3

5 .7

1.1

5 c e n t s ___________________________________
6 c e n t s ___________________________________
7 c e n t s ___________________________________
8 c e n t s __________________________ _________
9 c e n ts ..
_______________________________
10 c e n t s _
13 c e n t s _______________________________ _
15 c e n t s --------------------------------------------2 0 c e n t s __________________________________

1 2 .7
4 .3
2 .7
6 .4
1 1 .5
1 .6

1 .5
3 .3
1 8 .7
6 .4
1 .8
1 .6

2 .2
.2
.5
1 .4
1 .3
-

.1
.8
.1
(2 )
-

-

.2

T y p e an d am o u n t of d iffe r e n tia l:

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e ______________________
10 p e r c e n t ________________________________

-

1 .9
1 .9

.2

1 I n c l u d e s a l l p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s
c o v e r l a t e s h i f t s e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s th a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s by s c h e d u l e d w e e k ly h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , M i a m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1968)
Plant w o r k e r s
W e e k l y hours
ab

industries

All w o rk er s-

---

—

---

U n d e r 35 hours
__ _ ---—
_ 35 h o u r s — ____________________ ________ _____
O v e r 35 and under 37V2 hours_________________
37V 2 h o u r s ____ ______ ____ _________________
O v e r 37V 2 and under 40 hours___
40 hours _______ _____________________ ______ _
O v e r 40 and under 44 hours___ __ _ ____ __
4 4 hours __ ___
_
__ ___
__
____
O v e r 44 and under 48 hours____ _ _ _ _ _
_ _
___ _ _______
48 h o u r s ___ ___
O v e r 48 ho ur s__
_
__ ___ __
__ _____

1
2
3
4
5

,

100
(5)

4
2
2

68

2
3
7
11

1

Office w o r k e r s

Public
uiiis
tlte3

Manufacturing

Retail trade

100

100

100

.
6
2

.

.
6
5
3

-

5
-

2
-

-

88
1
1

91

52

-

2

3

2

-

9
2
17

4

AH ,
i
ndustries

Manufacturing

Public
u i i i s3
tlte

100

100

100

12
4
12
5

6
91

43

2

-

1
_

_
_
_

Retail trade

63
(5)
3

1
(5)

100

-

_
_

19

10

38

6
81
(5)

S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k ly h o u r s w h ic h a m a jo r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t im e
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




2

_
1

ra te s.

18

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o lid a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , M ia m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1968)
Plant w o r k e r s
Item

All w o r k e r s _______________________________
W o r k e r s in establishments providing
paid holidays__________________________ ____ _
W o r k e r s in establishments providing
no paid holidays______________________________

All j
industries

Manufacturing

Office w o r k e r s

Public 2
uiiis
tlte

Retail trade

All ,
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
uiiis
tlte

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

• 100

88

92

100

83

99

99

100

97

12

8

“

17

1

(4)

“

3

2
1
1
10
8
1
35
2
8
16
2
2
(4)
(4 )

_

_
7

6
3
8
7
2
48

(4 )
(4 )
3
7
(4 )
47
3
(4 )
10
22
2
1
2
(4 )
(4 )

_
1
8
57
5
(4 )
10
6

_
6
~
22
71
(4 )
-

(4 )
(4 )
11
3
50
~
2
12
18
-

(4 )
1
4
6
28
38
41
88
89
96
98
98
98
99

_
n
n
17
28
33
90
90
98
98
99
99
99

N u m b e r of days

1 holiday_________________________ -------------2 holidays_______________________ ______________
3 holidays______________________________________
4 holidays______________________________________
5 holidays______________________________________
5 holidays plus 1 half day______________________
6 holidays_________ ____ ________________________
6 holidays plus 1 half day______________________
6 holidays plus 2 half d a y s ____________________
7 holidays______________________________________
8 holidays______________________________________
8 holidays plus 1 half day______________________
8 holidays plus 2 half d a y s ____________________
9 holidays______________________________________
10 holidays_____________________________________
1 1 holidays_____________________________________

3
12
47
5
8
5
5
6
"

25
66
2

4
6
-

-

'

'

_
2
2
2
68
93
93
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
6
10
10
58
60
67
75
75
78
83

6
6
'

1
”

Total holiday t i m e 5
11 da ys_________________________________________
10 days or m o r e _______________________________
9 days or m o r e ________________________________
8 Vz days or m o r e ______________________________
8 days or m o r e ________________________________
7 days or m o r e ________________________________
6 1? days or m o r e ______________________________
/
6 days or m o r e ________________________________
5 l days or m o r e ______________________________
/z
5 days or m o r e ________________________________
4 days or m o r e ________________________________
3 days or m o r e ________________________________
2 days or m o r e ________________________________
1 da y or m o r e __________________________________

(*)

1
4
4
20
29
30
65
66
74
84
84
86
88

_

11
n
16
24
29
77
77
89
89
92
92
92

_

1
1
1
72
94
94
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
-

18
32
32
82
85
96
96
96
96
97

1 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; fin a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
5 A ll c o m b in a t io n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith
9 f u l l d a y s a n d no h a lf d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u ll d a y s a n d 4 h a l f d a y s , a n d s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s th e n w e r e c u m u l a t e d .




19

Table B-5. Paid Vacations'
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , M i a m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l ic y

All
industries2

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________

Manufacturing

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Public _
utilities 3

Retail trade

AD .
industries4

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

96
92
3
1

94
86
8

98
98
-

-

-

95
92
3

4

6

2

5

8
21
2
2

15
7
3

1
58
4
1

9
26
3
3

3
51
6
2

2
60
1
30
1
1

2
62
25
3
-

_

5
64
2
20
3

(5 )
31
1
66
2
(5)

2
22
5
66
1
1

2
30
11
48
3
-

3
2
3
86
3

_
7
1
90
2
(5)

_
18
1
70
11
-

1
8
4
81
(5)
1
1

_
16
13
63
-

3
-

100

100

Public .
utilities3

Retail trade

100

100

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ----------------------------------------------L e n g th - o f- tim e p ay m en t
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t—
O th e r
— —
- ----W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
____ _ ____ ._
no p a id v a c a t i o n s _____

99
99
(5)

99
99
(5 )

100
100

100
100

-

-

-

(5)

1

-

-

9
12
11

1
67
10
1

11
38
2
1

_

_
27
1
72
-

2
73
3
22
1

-

-

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 6
A f t e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ____
______
_
1 w e e k ____________________ __________ _________ ____
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w eeks
A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
U n der 1 w eek—
- _
__
1 w ppk
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s .
. . .
2 w e e k s _______________________________________ ,
3 w eeks _ _
4 w eeks

_

29
1
67
-

-

49
-

40
11
-

-

A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek.
_ __
—
_— _
1 w e e k ---- ---- ------- .* ---- --. -,r .____ ______ ____ _____
—
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___ — ________
2 w e e k s _________ ______ ___ ____________ _ _. _____
_
_
__
- 3 w eeks
4 w eeks
_

_
7
1
90
-

-

_
2
1
98
-

_
2
2
96
1

A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U nde r 1 w ee k ______________________________________
1 w e e k ___ .
_ _______ ____ _
O v er 1 an d u n d er 2 w e e k s _ _
2 w eeks . . . . . .
. . .
O ver 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s .
3 w eeks
. . .
4 w eeks
—
. . . .

_

3

_

_

-

_
2

_

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

98

90

100

99

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
-

-

3

94
2
2
(5 )

79

-

-

1

_

3

_

_

_

_

-

-

1

8

-

-

A fte r 4 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ____ ____
_
_
____ ____
1 w eek.
O v er 1 an d u n d er 2 w e e k s
_
. . .
_
2 w e e k s.
O ver 2 and un der 3 w eek s
3 w e e k s __________ ___ _________ ______________ __
4 w ee k s.
_
____

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b le .




1
7
4
81
1
2
1

_
15
13
61
1
5

-

-

98

88

-

-

-

2
3

-

93
3
3
(5 )

-

-

-

77
2
12

100

98

-

-

-

1
1

Table B-5. Paid Vacations'--- Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , M i a m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1968)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l ic y

All
7
Industrie* 2

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 3

Retail trade

AU 4
industries*

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 3

Retail trade

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 6— C o n tin u e d
A fte r 6 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k - ____________________ __________ 1 w e ek______ _______________________ ________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ____ _____ _ ___ - _
2 w e e k s _____ __________ _____ — -----------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____
_ _
3 xv’p'ek6
'
4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------

4
1
73
5
11
1

7
2
66
7
12
-

.
81
17
-

3
69
9
12
3

.
i
77
6
16
(5)

.
4
74
2
19
-

.
86
14
-

.
77
16
6
1

1
4
37
1
51
3

7
45
2
37
3

3
95
-

3
30
58
5

1
29
1
67
2

4
43
4
38
11

2
96
2

_
26
73
1

1
4
37
1
51
3

7
45
1
38
3

3
93
2

3
30
58
5

1
29
1
67
3

4
43
2
39
11

2
95
3

26
73
1

1
4
35
1
39
17
-

7
40
1
40
6
"

1
33
64

3
30
54
9

1
21
1
56
1
18
2

4
39
2
38
15

(5)
40
60
“

26
71
3
"

1
4
35
1
27
29

7
40
1
36
10

1

3
30

4
39
2
31
23

(5 )

26

5
92

i
21
1
34
41
2
(5)

5
95

-

-

-

-

*

-

3

-

-

1
21
1
31
43
2
1

4
38
2
32
23

(5 )

i

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w ee k --------------- ---------- ------------1 w e e k ______ _ --------- —
^-----------------------2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ______ _ — __________
3 w e e k s ______________________ . . — ____ . .
4 w e e k s ------ --------------------- ------------------ —
A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k - ____________________ _____ —
1 w e e k ____________ - ___ _
____ — ----- —
2 WPplfS . . . . . ,__
. . _ , T, 1
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s — ____ _____ —
3 w pplf s
_ _
_
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w ee k _____________ ___________
________
1 w pp k ______________________________________________
2 w e e k s ________ ___ ______ __ ___
______ - ----O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------- —
} w p p V ^ .................
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______
_____ — —
4 w e e k s __________ ________— — — — — — — —
O v er 4 an d u n d er 5 w e e k s A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w ee k ____________________________________—
] w P f'k__________________________________
— —
- 2 w e e k s ----- --- ----------- —
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w p p k s ________________________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ------------------------------5 w e e k s ____________________________________________

-

-

35
28

-

-

-

-

( 5)

-

-

-

1
4
34
1
24
32

-

7
39
1
37
10

-

-

-

36
39

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w ee k ___
1 p pl< _
____ _______________________________________________
2 w e e k s _________ _ _____ - - - - - ____
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------- —
— —
3 w e e k <;
________
4 wppks
...
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s _______________________
5 w e e k s _______________
______
- - — —
S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f t a b l e .




-

1

~

1
-

5
92
-

30
-

25
38
“

-

-

26

-

-

5
95

15
59

-

-

Table B-5. Paid Vacations'--- Continued
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , M i a m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t i o n p o l ic y
All
in d u strie s^

M a n u fac tu rin g

P u b lic
u tilitie s 3

R e ta il trad e

All

.

in d u strie s 4

M a n u fac tu rin g

P u b lic ,
u tilitie s 3

R e t .i l t r a d .

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 6— C o n tin u e d
A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ------------ ---- ------------- ------1 w e e k __ _________ ___ — -----------------------2 w eeks
__ __
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ______ ___ ______
___ ___
_ _ ______ ___ ____
3 w eeks
4 w ee k s—
_• _ ___
__ _ ____ _ _____
O ver 4 and u n der 5 w e e k s_
_______
5 w e e k s _ _ ____ „ ________ __

i
4
34
1
24
32
1

_
7
39
1
37
10
-

_
i
5
91
1

3
30
25
38
_

_

3
30
25
38
-

-

_
i
21
1
31
43
2
2

.
4
38
2
32
23
_
-

_
(5 )
5
95
_
(5)

•_
26
_
15
59
-

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a i l a b l e
U n d er 1 w eek_
_ __
_
1 w ee k _____ _ _
____
_______
2 w e e k s ____
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s
3 w eeks
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 4 an d u n d e r 5 w e e k s
.
5 w eeks
_
____
O ver 6 w eeks

1
4
34
1
24
31
1

_
7
39
1
37
10
-

1
_
5
91
1

.
1

21
1
31
43
2
1

4
38
2
32
23
_
_

_

_

(5)

26

5
95
_

15
59

(5)

_

_
_

1

1 I n c lu d e s b a s i c p l a n s o n ly . E x c l u d e s p l a n s su c h a s v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s a n d t h o s e p la n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s to w o r k e r s w ith
q u a lify in g le n g th s o f s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l o f su c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c lu d e s data, f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o th e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " su c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u iv a le n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t
o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k * s p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y a n d do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r E x a m p l e , th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s 1 s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t iv e . T h u s , th e
p r o p o r t io n e l ig i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s * p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s * p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .




22

T a b l e B -6.

H e a lt h , I n s u r a n c e , a n d P e n s io n P la n s

( P e r c e n t o f p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s i n a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , 1 M i a m i , F l a . , D e c e m b e r 19o8)

P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e f it

AU
in d u strie s

z

P u b lic
u tilitie s 3

M a n u fac tu rin g

100

_____

9.4

94

89

88

60

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g a t
l e a s t 1 o f th e b e n e f it s sh o w n b elo vtf____

R e ta il trad e

100

100

L if e i n s u r a n c e _______________________ . . . . ____ _
A c c i d e n t a l d e a th a n d d i s m e m b e r m e n t

O ffic e v o r k e r s

100

AU
in d u strie s 4

M an u fac tu rin g

P ublic
u tilitie s 3

100

100

100

R e ta il trad e

100

98
"

92

99

98

100

99

97

88

95

94

92

92

S ic k le a v e ( f u ll p a y a n d no
w a itin g p e r io d ) ________ -__ ___ ____________
S ic k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r io d ) _____________________-______
H o s p it a li z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ____________________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e _______ _______________ ___
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e ____________________________
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e _____________ _________

1

In clu d es th o se p la n s fo r w hich

at

least

5t>

91

49

74

59

90

■39

b4

59

94

71

77

71

98

90

43

S i c k n e s s an d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o th 5 __________________ ___ __

44

o3

4b

40

50

32

24

66

23

53

43

79

15

15

23

20

16

15

18

30

92
91
79
64
51

92
91
76
63
36

97
97
81
93
93

88

98
98
90
87
64

96
95
87
77
40

99
99
83
98
94

95
9b
79
o9

a part

o f the c o s t

is

borne

by

the e m p l o y e r ,

88
78
62
47

except

those

legally

req u ired ,

such

42

a s w o rk m e n 's com p ensation,

42

so cial secu rity ,

and

r a ilr o a d r e t i r e m e n t .

2

I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it i o n to th o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
* T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er pub lic u tilitie s.
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s an d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w . S i c k J e a v p p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to t h o s e w h ic h d e fin it e ly
e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t the m i n i m u m n u m b e r of d a y s ' p a y that c a n be e x p e c t e d by e a c h e m p l o y e e .
In fo r m a l sic k le av e a llo w a n c e s d e te rm in e d on an in d iv idu al b a s i s a r e exclud ed.




23
Table B-7.

Method of W age Determination and Frequency of Payment

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f p lan t and o ffice w o r k e rs in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by m ethod o f w age d e te r m in a tio n 1
and fre q u e n cy o f w age p ay m e n t, M ia m i, F l a . , D e ce m b e r 1968)
P lan t w o r k e rs
Item

All 2
industries

A ll wo rk e r s ___________________ ___________
M ethod o f w age d e te rm in a tio n

Manufacturing

O ffice w o r k e rs

Public 3
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

92
58
19
39

91
56

98
91

21

11

35

80

49
13
36

16

75

5

All 4
industries

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

88

100

100

100

100

56

10

94

1

P a id tim e r a t e s ________________________________
F o r m a l r a te p o li c y _________________________
S in g le r a t e ______________________________
R an ge of r a t e s __________________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a se d on au to m atic
a d v an ce m en t a c c o rd in g to
len gth o f s e r v i c e _____ ____________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a se d on m e r it
rev iew __________________ ______ ___
P r o g r e s s i o n b a se d on a
c o m b in atio n o f length o f
s e r v ic e and m e r it rev iew __________
No fo r m a l r a te p o lic y ___________ _________
P a id by in cen tiv e m eth o d s_____ _______________
P ie c e r a t e __________________________________
In d iv id u al____________ ____________________
G ro u p _________________________________ -P ro d u ctio n bon us___________________________
In d iv id u al__________________ ____________
G roup __________________________________
C o m m is s io n _______________ _______________

20

6

1

13
34

18
34
9
9
9

8
3
3

(5 )

1

1

-

55

10

92

47
(5)
47

12

1

35

-

16

11

-

4

21

15
39

32
44

8

53

8

2

12

-

-

-

3
3

3

2

-

-

-

4

-

2

84

96

10

4

82
15

1
1

-

2

90
-

6

25
53
-

M ethod o f d eterm in in g in cen tive pay of
o ffic e w o rk e rs not p re se n te d

9

F re q u e n c y o f w age pay m en t
W e e k ly ______

___________________ — ____ ___
B iw ee k ly ____________________ _________________
S em im o n th ly___________________________________
M o n th ly________________________________________
O ther fr e q u e n c y _______________________________

1
2
3
4
5

6
-

-

89

-

63
17

94

20

11

3

-

3
3

1

68

85

28

15

3
2

"

-

F o r a d e s c r ip tio n o f the m eth o d s o f w age d e te rm in a tio n , s e e In trod uction .
In clu d es d ata fo r w h o le sa le t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in ad d ition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilitie s .
In clu d es d a ta fo r w h o le sa le t r a d e ; fin an ce , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in ad d ition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e rc e n t.




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b li s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b il it y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m th o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b il l i n g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b il lin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :

C l a s s A . In an e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s, E l li o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c ., w h ich a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o lv e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
an d e n t r y of n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
an d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t ic a ll y ^ a c c u m u la t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a l l y in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b il l b e in g p r e p a r e d an d i s o fte n d o n e on a fa n fo ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c ., w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o lv e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n tr y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r in t s a u t o m a t ic a ll y the
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
a n d s t a n d a r d ty p e s o f s a l e s a n d c r e d i t s l i p s .
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tra n s a c tio n s .
C la ss A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e of th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
by hand.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le te s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o r k ,in v o lv e s p o s tin g a n d b a la n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; an d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , an d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; an d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r
m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s .in c o n ju n c tio n
a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s ~ o r ~ p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e la t e d in d e x and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e la t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o ut w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in ta in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK,

O RDER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l ly .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o ut a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t in g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f il e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a ta on the p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in fo r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , an d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s an d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p an d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .
CO M PTO M ETER OPERATOR
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p to m e te r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u ta tio n s . T h is
jo b i s n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ich , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n ta l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u t ie s .
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e ro u tin e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s tin g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o lle d by
g e n e r a l . l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u ir e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s f o u n d 'in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e ro u tin e
a c c o u n t in g w o rk i s s u b d iv id e d on a f u n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




F IL E

24

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a t a f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n c h ta b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o rk r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f so m e d e t e r m in a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n ch ed ; e x t r a c t s in fo r m a tio n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; an d s e a r c h e s f o r an d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a t io n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in fo r m a tio n to be p u n c h e d . M a y t r a i n
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

25
K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u ed
C la ss B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a t a f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to pu n ch ed c a r d s .
O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r
a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n ch ta b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W orking f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o llo w s s p e c i f ie d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u ir e li t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a ta to b e p u n ch ed . P r o b le m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a tio n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u ed
d . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
of o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
e . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e an d im p o r ta n t o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d re d
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F IC E J3 0 Y OR G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u tin e d u t ie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , an d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o se r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
to one o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o se s u b o r d in a te s t a f f
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s an d i s u s u a l ly d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ich a r e o fte n , in tu r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r

SEC R ET A R Y
b . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l of
o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , fe w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e an d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e iv i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l ly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : (a) R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , an d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u tin e in q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e te c h n ic a l in q u ir i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r s f i l e s ; (c) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in tm e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .

a . S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t io n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r th an
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l an d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e a n d d if f ic u lt y .
T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e ro u tin e a n d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , an d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o rk o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .

STEN O G R A PH ER ,

E x c lu s i o n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t itle d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
of p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a ) P o s i t i o n s w h ich d o no t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly tr a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t ie s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e
ro u tin e o r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n th o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e fin itio n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e te c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e no t ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in itio n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o se o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f ic a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a tiv e of t h is r o l e , d o e s not
in a l l c a s e s id e n tify su c h p o s it i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o se p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff ) a r e n o t c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g le v e l d e f in it io n s .
C la ss A
over

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n of th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
of a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y e s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l) of a m a jo r s e g ­
m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss B
a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
fe w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th a n c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) of
a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f ic e r le v e l) o v e r e i t h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .)
o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n )
o F a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r




C la ss D

b . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k il le d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t . (N O T E : M an y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is le v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
GEN ERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y fi*o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in sh o r th a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M ay
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
ro u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l. D o e s no t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o rk .
(S e e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .)
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t if i c r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M ay a l s o ty p e f r o m w ritte n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p an d m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W ork r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e of
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l, i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g an d r o u tin g in c o m in g m a il ; and
a n s w e r in g r o u tin e q u e s t i o n s , e t c . D o e s h o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e w o rk .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e sw itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s fu l l te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d itio n to d o in g
ro u tin e w o rk a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e a s s ig n m e n t .
( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b li s h m e n t h a s v a r ie d fu n c tio n s th a t a r e
n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s ta n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r la p p in g o r
i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c tio n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to w h ich e x t e n s io n s a r e
a p p r o p r ia t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u l t ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e sw itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le ro u tin e lo n g d is t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s . M ay
p e r f o r m li m it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s
i f th e fu n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b li s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n
p u r p o s e s , o r if th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w hen s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e
f u r n is h e d , o r if c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

26
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u ed

In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n it o r - t y p e s w it c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t io n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u t ie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f th is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d so m e f ilin g w o r k . T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e s p o r t io n s o f a w o rk
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t io n s .
T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ,

GENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a ll y
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , and p e r f o r m s d if f ic u lt
w ir in g a s r e q u ir e d .
T h e c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s ty p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g an d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ich o fte n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g so m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e d in tr a i n in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g an d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o rk an d p r o d u c tio n o f a g r o u p o f ta b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f ic u lt ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r an d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d itio n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , an d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o rk is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o rk ty p ic a ll y in v o l v e s , fo r e x a m p le , t a b u la t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te b ut s m a l l ta b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s an d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l ly o f a r e c u r r i n g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r p c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a i n in g o f new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

P r i m a r y du ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y an d do s i m p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s le g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
tio n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o rk in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p le r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g an d d is t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a il .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e of th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in fin a l f o r m w h en it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y fo r c o r r e c t s p e l li n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., of t e c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m ity an d
b a la n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m ro u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e tu p an d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N --- C o n tin u e d
C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x i t e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith the d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s it i o n a l r e la t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts a n d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u ir e th e a p p l i ­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s t y p ic a ll y in ­
v o lv e su c h w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le fu n c tio n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e la t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f lo o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s in it i a l in s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o rk i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s of d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t io n s
( d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f

c o m p o n e n ts an d c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in it i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W ork m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N -T R A C E R
C o p i e s p la n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g clo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s an d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s not in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m it e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t in g o f s t r a ig h t l i n e s an d a l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s i m p le o r r e p e t it i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U R SE,

W ork i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d

IN D U ST R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w ho g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t i o n to il l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t *on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g ; G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e il l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n ju r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a t io n s a n d h e a lth e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; an d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , an d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk a n d e q u ip m e n t su c h a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ;




CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s of w o r k ; a n d s e le c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

27
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u ed

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s su c h a s th e i n s t a l la t io n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c ir c u it b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m
b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , l a y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r in g an d
t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g an d
e x p e r ie n c e ../

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h ic le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u to m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G I N E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk in v o lv e s : O p e r a tin g a n d m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t
su c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n tila t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d fu e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s . H e a d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F I R E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h an d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a te r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o ile r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k il le d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o rk th e
h e lp e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly in g , li f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d to o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LRO O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f one o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l in d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n of
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g an d p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u ir i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e le c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , to o lin g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g an d l u b r ic a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in to o l an d d ie jo b b in g sh o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T , ' M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it te n in s t r u c t i o n s an d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e le c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o rk ;
a n d fit tin g an d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t lin g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d f it tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a r t s w ith it e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n of a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r se n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; an d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u ir e d . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g out o f th e w o rk ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u sin g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls an d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g a n d b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e le c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l lin g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t su c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i ll w r ig h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t
a p p lic a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f in is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , a n d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e
w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g , an d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e a n d p ip e fit t in g s in an
e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
L a y in g o ut o f w o rk a n d m e a s u r i n g to l o ­
c a te p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s of p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u tt in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l lin g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLU M BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk in v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d in g in s t a l la t io n o f v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s t a l lin g o r r e ­
p a i r in g p ip e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly
a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )

S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t an d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g an d in s t a l lin g

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , an d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t an d f i x ­
t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
out a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i la b le t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y of




M A IN T E N A N C E

28
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f it t in g , an d a s s e m b l i n g ; an d in s t a l lin g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d tr a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s an d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d ie s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , an d o th e r m e t a l- f o r m i n g w o rk .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and
la y in g o ut of w o rk f r o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

u s in g a v a r i e t y of to o l an d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o rk in g p r o p e r t i e s of c o m m o n m e t a l s an d a l l o y s ; s e tt in g up a n d o p e r a t in g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r ic a t io n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o rk in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fit tin g an d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e le c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l an d d ie m a k e r 's w o rk r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
tr a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
sh o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l an d

d ie m a k e r s in to o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GU A RD AND W ATCHM AN

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V IN G C L E R K

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o lic e d u t ie s , e i t h e r a t fix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te and
c h e c k on id e n tity of e m p l o y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s ib l e fo r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o rk in v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , an d r a t e ; a n d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s sh ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s of la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t an d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f il e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o l v e s : V e r if y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i fy in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d in g , in v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; an d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s an d f ile s .

th e ft,

W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,
a n d i l l e g a l e n tr y .

JA N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

OR C LEA N ER

(S w e e p e r ; c h a r w o m a n ; j a n i t r e s s )
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
C l e a n s an d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s an d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f an o f f ic e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , an d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p li e s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , sh o w ­
e r s , an d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w indow w a sh in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r an d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o se d u tie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : L o a d in g an d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s an d
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
O RDER,

F IL L E R

(O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e sto c k m a n )
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d itio n
to f il li n g o r d e r s an d in d ic a tin g i t e m s f il le d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p li e s to s u p e r v i s o r , an d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e iv i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r i n d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s su c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , f r e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)
T r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV2 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (I V2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e)
TRUCKER,

PO W ER

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e ty p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r of
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p la c in g o f i t e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y co n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g
d a ta on c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w ho a l s o m a k e w o o d en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
tr a n s p o r t g o o d s and
e s t a b li s h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s f o llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r (f o r k lif t)
p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k lift )

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e ti n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e low . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w age s t u d i e s in c lu din g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s con d u c ted a t the
r e q u e s t o f the Wage an d Hour an d P u b lic C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s of the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t in s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O ffic e , W ashington, D. C . , 20402, o r f r o m a n y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on
the i n s i d e fro n t c o v e r .
Area
A k ro n , Ohio, J u l y 1 9 6 8 _________________________________
A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y - T r o y , N. Y. , A p r . 1968 1________
S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 * ___________________
Allentow n— e t h le h e m — a s t o n , P a . — J . ,
B
E
N.
A t la n t a , Ga. , M ay 1968 1_______________________________
B a l t i m o r e , Md. , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 * __________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M ay 1 9 6 8 * ____
P
O
B in g h am to n , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1_________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1968______________________ ___
B o i s e C ity , Idaho, J u l y 1968 1__________________________
B o s t o n ; M a s s . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 * ___________________________
B u f f a l o , N. Y . , D e c . 1967_______________________________
B u r lin g to n , Vt. , M a r . 1 9 6 8 ______________________ _____
Can ton , Ohio, J u n e 1968 1_______________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1968 1-----------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N. C . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 * __________________________
C h a t ta n o o g a , T e n n . — a. , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 * _________________
G
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 8 -----------------------------------------C in c in n a ti, Ohio—
Ky. —
Ind. , M a r . 1968 1-------------------C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, S e p t . 1 9 6 8 * __________________________
C o l u m b u s , Ohio, Oct. 1968 * -----------------------------------D a l l a s , T e x . , N ov. 1 9 6 8 * _______________________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o lin e, Iow a—
R
M
111. ,
D ayton, Ohio, J a n . 1968 1----------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1967 1 ____________________________
D e s M o in e s , Iowa, F e b . 1 9 6 8 * --------------------------------D e t r o it , M i c h . , J a n . 1968 1 ____________________________
F o r t Worth, T e x . , Nov. 1968 1_________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1968 1__________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M ay 1 9 6 8 * __________________________
H o uston , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 * _____________________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , D e c . 1967 1_________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1968 1___________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 __________________________
K a n s a s C ity , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t . 1968 1---------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — H. , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 * _______
H
N.
L i t t l e R o c k — o r th L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1968 * _____
N
L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h an d A n a h e im — a n ta A n a L
S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 ____________________
L o u isv ille , K y .—
Ind. , F e b . 1968_______________________
L u b b o ck , T e x . , Ju n e 1968 1 ____________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 * --------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n . — r k . , Nov. 1 9 6 8 ---------------------------A
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 * _______________________________
M idlan d an d O d e s s a , T e x . , Ju n e 1968 1________________
M ilw au k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1968___________________________
l.

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
and p rice
1575-84,
1575-68,
157 5 -5 8 ,

35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s

157 5 -8 6 ,
1575-71,
1625-8,
1575-75,
16 2 5 -3 ,
1575-59,
1625-6,
1625-15,
1575-41,
157 5 -4 8 ,
157 5 -6 5 ,
1575-63,
157 5 -5 7 ,
1625-14,
1575-81,
157 5 -6 2 ,
1625-19,
1625-24,
1625-28,

40
35
50
30
35
30
35
50
30
20
30
30
30
35
50
30
50
35
50

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

1625-16,
157 5 -5 1 ,
157 5 -3 8 ,
157 5 -5 2 ,
157 5 -4 5 ,
1625-27,
1625-7,
1575-66,
1575-82,
1575-36,
1575-49,
157 5 -3 3 ,
1625-17,
1575-74,
1625-11,

30
30
25
30
35
35
35
30
45
30
30
20
45
30
35

cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

157 5 -6 4 ,
1575-50,
157 5 -7 7 ,
1625-4,
1625-30,
1625-29,
1575-72,
157 5 -6 7 ,

30
30
30
35
30
35
30
30

cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area
M i n n e a p o l is — t . P a u l , M i n n ., J a n . 1 9 6 8 _____________ S
M u sk e g o n — u s k e g o n H e ig h ts , M i c h . , M ay 1968 1_____
M
N e w a r k an d J e r s e y C ity , N. J . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 * ___________
New H aven, C o n n . , J a n . 1968 1 -------------------------------New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 __________________________
New Y o r k , N. Y . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 ___________________________
N o r fo lk — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o rt N e w s—
P
H am pton , V a. , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 _____________________________
O k lah om a C ity , O k la. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 -----------------------------Om aha, N e b r . —
Iow a, Oct. 1968 * ______________________
P a t e r s o n — lifton — a s s a i c , N. J . , M ay 1968 1 ------------C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — J . , Nov. 1967 1__________________
N.
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r . 1968 1___________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1968______________________ _____
P o r t l a n d , M a in e, Nov. 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------------P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — a s h . , M ay 1968 1 ___________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e — a w tu c k et— arw ick, R . I . — a s s . ,
P
W
M

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
an d p r i c e
1575-47,
157 5 -6 0 ,
157 5 -5 4 ,
157 5 -3 4 ,
157 5 -4 6 ,
1575-78,

30
30
35
25
30
50

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents

157 5 -8 5 ,
16 2 5 -9 ,
162 5 -2 6 ,
1575-83,
1575-40,
1575-55,
1575-44,
1625-20,
1575-80,

30
30
35
40
30
30
30
30
40

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents

1575-61,
1625-13,
1575-27,
1625-2
1575-70,
157 5 -3 9 ,
157 5 -3 5 ,
157 5 -6 9 ,

30
35
25
35
30
30
20
30

cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

1625-25,
S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1 9 6 7 ___________ >
______________ 157 5 -1 9 ,
Sa n F r a n c i s c o — aklan d, C a l i f . , J a n . 1968_____________ 157 5 -3 7 ,
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , Se pt. 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------------- 162 5 -2 1 ,
S a v an n ah , Ga. , M ay 1968 1 --------------------------------------- 157 5 -7 3 ,
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1968 1------- ,-------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 1 2 ,
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , Wash. , Nov. 1967 1 _______ ;___________ 1 5 7 5 - 2 9 ,
E
S io u x F a l l s , S. D ak. , Oct. 1968 1 ______________________ 162 5 -2 3 ,
South B e n d, I n d . , M a r . 1968 1 __________________________ 157 5 -5 6 ,
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 ____________________________ 1575-79,
S y r a c u s e , N. Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 * ------------------------------------- 1 625-5,
T a m p a — t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A ug. 1 9 6 8 ------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 1 0 ,
S
T o le d o , Ohio— ich. , F e b . 1968________________________ 157 5 -4 3 ,
M
T r e n to n , N. J . , Oct. 1968 1_____________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 1 8 ,
U ti c a — o m e , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1 --------------------------- ----- 16 2 5 -1 ,
R
W ashington, D. C. —
Md. — a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 ______________ 1 6 2 5 - 2 2 ,
V
W a te r b u ry , Conn. , A p r . 1968 1 ________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 5 3 ,
W a te r lo o , Iow a, Nov. 1 9 6 7 _____________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 2 6 ,
Wichita, K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 7 _____________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 3 1 ,
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 1 -------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 - 7 6 ,
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 * _________________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 4 2 ,
Youngstow n— a r r e n , Ohio, N ov. 1967 1 _______________ 1 5 7 5 - 2 5 ,
W

40
20
25
30
30
35
25
30
30
30
35
30
30
35
35
35
30
20
20
30
30
25

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

R a l e i g h , N. C. , A u g . 1968 1 -------------------------------------R ic h m o n d , V a . , N ov. 1967 1 ___________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only), J u l y 1968 l „
R o c k f o r d , 111., M ay 1968 1 _ ____________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . —
111. , J a n . 1968--------------------------------S a l t L a k e C ity , Utah, D e c . 1 9 6 7 _______________________
S a n Antonio, T e x . , Ju n e 1968___________________________
S a n B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r io , C a l i f . ,
R
O

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U. S. DEPARTMENT OP LABOR

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212
O FFIC IA L




BUSINESS

rFIRST CLASS MAIL~!
i______________________________________

i


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102