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The Syracuse, New York, Metropolitan Area
J u

l y

1

9

6

8

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

R E G I O N III
P h il a d e l p h ia

Region I
Region II
1603-B Federal Building
341 Ninth Ave.
Government Center
New York, N.Y. 10001
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7716 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
Region VI
219 South Dearborn St.
Federal Office Building
Chicago, 111. 60604
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3616 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 4i5)




Area Wage Survey
T

h

e

S y r a c u s e ,




N

e w

Y

o

r k

,

M

e

t r o

p

o

l i t a

n

A

r e

a

July 1 9 6 8

B ulletin N o. 1 6 2 5 -5
November 1968

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W illard W irtz, S ecretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ben Burdetsky, Acting Com m issioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 35 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

T h e B u rea u
o c c u p a tio n a l

w age

of

L a b o r S ta tis tic s p r o g r a m

su rveys

in

m e tr o p o lita n

of

annual

areas

is

s ig n e d to p r o v id e d a ta o n o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s , a n d e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s .
It
y ie ld s
of

d e t a ile d

th e a r e a s

U n it e d

S ta tes.

th e n e e d fo r

d a ta b y

s tu d ie d ,
A

s e le cte d
fo r

m a jo r

g rea ter

in d u s tr y

g e o g r a p h ic

c o n s id e r a tio n

in s ig h t in to ( 1 )

b y o c c u p a tio n a l c a te g o r y
tu re and le v e l o f w a g e s

in

th e

fo r

and

th e

1.

E s t a b lis h m e n t s
num ber

th e

program

and (2 )

th e en d o f e a c h
su rvey

r e s u lts

fo r

w ages

A .

A - 1.

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n

a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .

A - 2.

P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d

A -3 .

O ffic e ,

A -4 .

M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________

A - 5.

C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___

a n in d iv id u a l

each

area

area

s tu d ie d .

b u l­
A fte r

to

p r o je c te d

r e la te

to

fro m

in d iv id u a l

g e o g r a p h ic

r e g io n s

B.

m etro­
and

5
7

and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —

c o m b i n e d ________________________________

o

a r e a d a ta
S ta tes.

been

c o m b i n e d __________________________________________________________
p r o fe s s io n a l,

m en and w om en

areas
in fo r ­

c o m b i n e d ________________

co

p o lit a n
U n ite d

gram .

has

4

O c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s : *

stru c­

f ir s t p a r t b r in g s d a ta fo r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o lit a n
s tu d ie d in to o n e b u lle t in .
T h e secon d p a rt p resen ts
w h ic h

sco p e o f su rv e y and

is

c o m p le t io n o f a l l o f th e in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle t in s f o r a r o u n d
o f s u r v e y s , a t w o -p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle tin is is s u e d .
The

m a t io n

w it h in

r-

le tin p r e s e n t s

su rvey,

and w o rk e rs

s t u d i e d ______________________________________________________________________

w om en
At

1

T a b le s :

each

fo r

th e m o v e m e n t o f

an d s k ill le v e l,

am ong areas

d iv is io n

r e g io n s ,

I n t r o d u c t i o n _________________________________________________________________________________________

d e­

E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s : *
B -l.
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e

th e

w o r k e r s ___________________________________________________________

10

B -2 .

in g s is c o lle c t e d
a n n u a lly a n d o n e s t a b lis h m e n t
a n d s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s b ie n n ia lly .

S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s _________________________________________________
P a i d h o l i d a y s _________________________________________________________________

12
13

B -5 .
B -6 .

P a i d v a c a t i o n s _______________________________________________________________
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ____________________________

14
17

B -7 .

p r a c tic e s

11

B -3 .
B -4 .

N in e t y a r e a s
c u r r e n t ly
a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
In e a c h
a r e a , in fo r m a tio n o n
o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n ­

S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s __________________________________________________________

M e th o d o f w a g e d e te r m in a tio n a n d fr e q u e n c y o f
p a y m e n t ________________________________________________________________________

T h is
b u lle tin
p resen ts
r e s u lts
o f th e
s u r v e y in
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , in J u ly 1 9 6 8 , c o n d u c t e d u n d e r a c o n t r a c t
w ith th e N e w Y o r k S ta te D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r .
T h e S ta n d ­
a rd M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a ,
a s d e fin e d b y th e B u ­
reau
of
th e
B udget
th rou g h J a n u a ry
1968,
c o n s is ts
of
M a d is o n ,

O nondaga,

and O sw ego

C o u n t ie s .

T h is

stu d y

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s __________________________________________________

19

w as

con d u cted b y
t h e B u r e a u 's
r e g io n a l o f f i c e in N e w Y o r k ,
N .Y . , H e r b e r t B ie n s t o c k , D ir e c t o r .
T h e stu d y w a s u n d e r
th e g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f T h o m a s N . W a k in , A s s is t a n t R e ­
g io n a l D ir e c t o r fo r O p e r a tio n s .




18

*N O T E :
areas.

(S e e

S im ila r ta b u la tio n s a r e
in s id e

back

a v a ila b le

fo r

oth er

c o v e r .)

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t o n e a r n in g s in th e S y r a c u s e a r e a is
a ls o a v a ila b le f o r s e le c t e d fo o d s e r v ic e o c c u p a t io n s (J u ly
1 9 6 8 ).
U n io n s c a l e s , in d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l in g p a y l e v e l s ,
a r e a v a ila b le
fo r
b u ild in g
c o n s t r u c t io n ; p r in t in g ;
lo c a ltr a n s it o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s ; a n d m o t o r t r u c k d r iv e r s , h e lp ­
ers,

iii

and

a llie d

o c c u p a tio n s .




Area W a g e Survey-----

The Syracuse, N.Y., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is a r e a
B u rea u
and

of

Labor

r e la te d

is

1 of

9 0 in w h ic h th e

S ta tis tic s

b e n e fits

on

U .S .

D ep a rtm en t o f

su rveys

o f o c c u p a tio n a l

a r e a w id e

an

con d u cts

b a s is .1

In

th is

area,

L a b o r 's

O c c u p a t io n a l

e a r n in g s
d a ta

e m p lo y m e n t

and

e a r n in g s

d a ta

are

sh ow n

fo r

fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i .e ., th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c la s s i f ic a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e ­

w ere

o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u re a u fie ld e c o n o m is t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a tiv e
e s t a b lis h m e n t s
w ith in
s ix
b r o a d in d u s tr y
d iv is io n s :
M anu­
fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n ,
c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r
p u b lic u t ilit ie s ;

m iu m

w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s ta te ;
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r
in d u s tr y g r o u p s
e x c lu d e d fr o m
th ese
s tu d ie s

a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o ffic e c le r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e fe r e n c e is to th e
s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y

la te

fo r

o m it t e d b e c a u s e t h e y te n d t o fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e
o c c u p a tip n s
s tu d ie d t o w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e
c a t io n

fo r

T h ese

of

th e

la r g e

o p tim u m

broad

in d u s tr y

a ll

are

con d u cted

in v o lv e d

accu racy

at

e s t a b lis h m e n t s

b a sed on

r e la tin g

except

cost

in

d iv is io n s

fo r

to

th o se

are

is

e s t a b lis h m e n t s

b e lo w

th e

a

w h ic h

s a m p le

in

m in im u m

a ll

cost,

a

s tu d ie d .

g iv e n

th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s

a ll

on

s u r v e y in g

m in im u m

th a n o f s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s

t im a t e s
as

su rveys

u n n ecessary

h ow ever,

and

m eet

o v e r t im e

b a s is

g rea ter
In

In d u s tr ie s

th e

are

s iz e

of

d a ta ,

th u s,

p resen ted

and

th e

not

fo r
be

w it h in

th e r e fo r e ,
area,

m en

en ces

s tu d ie d .

and

spread

in

in c lu d e d .

to

r a te s ).

or

in

r e fle c t

r e fle c t

fro m

d iffe r e n c e s

p r o g r e s s io n

in

pay

w ith in

W h ere

c o m p o s it e ,

of

in

w e e k ly

h ou rs

O th e r
fo r m en

e s ta b lis h e d

pay

fo r

m ay

m a in t a in e d
in

s e le c te d

in

le v e l

e s tim a te s

d iffe r e n c e s
th e

a r e a w id e

pay

th e a v e r a g e s

d iffe r e n c e s

e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

and

c o s t -o f-liv in g

A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­

d iffe r

d iffe r e n tia l

any

h o lid a y s ,

but

ro u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

S im ila r ly ,

w om en

to

in d iv id u a l

c o n t r ib u te

are

w eekends,

e x c lu d e d ,

c o n t r ib u te d iffe r e n t ly to th e

w age

assu m ed

on

are

e s t a b lis h m e n t s

p a y r e la t io n s h ip o b ta in a b le

e ls

E s­

and

e a r n in g s

in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .

th e

g r o u p in g

averages

and,

a c c u r a t e ly

w e ig h t .

p resen ted ,

in d u s tr y

The

of

w ork

o c c u p a tio n s h a v e b e e n

The

To

p r o p o r t io n

c o m b in in g

th e ir a p p ro p r ia te

s tu d ie d

becau se

e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

fo r

bon u ses

at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m

th ese

p u b li­

and

in c e n t iv e

m a te s.

each

c r it e r ia .

o b ta in

o v e r t im e

N o n p r o d u c t io n

in g s f o r

s ta ffin g
th e

fo r

a llo w a n c e s

and
are

g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s a n d th e c o n s t r u c tio n a n d e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e

p r o v id e d

pay
s h ifts .

fa il

to

average
of

fa cto rs

r e fle c t

pay

ran ges,

sexes

w h ic h

s in c e

in

le v ­

s h o u ld

th e

w o m e n in c lu d e :

ra te

jo b
jo b .

jo b s

o c c u p a tio n s

p o s s ib le
and

each

am ong

tre a tm e n t

e s ti­

and

m ay

D iffe r ­
o n ly

th e

T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa c t u r in g
a n d n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
in d u s tr ie s , an d a r e
o f th e
fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1 )
O ffic e
c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;

a c t u a l r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n t s a r e c o ll e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u tie s p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d a p p r o p r ia t e ly
w ith in th e
sam e
s u r v e y jo b
d e s c r ip tio n .
Job
d e s c r ip tio n s
u s e d in
c la s s i f y in g e m p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d
th a n th o s e
u sed
in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s
a n d a llo w
fo r
m in o r
d iffe r e n c e s
am ong
e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c
d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

(3 )
m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t ; a n d (4 ) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a t io n a l
c la s s if ic a t io n is
b a s e d on a u n ifo r m
s e t o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d t o ta k e a c c o u n t o f in te r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u t ie s w it h in th e s a m e j o b .
The
o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d
fo r stu d y
a r e lis t e d a n d d e s c r ib e d in th e a p p e n d ix .
T h e e a r n in g s d a ta fo llo w in g

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s
represen t
th e t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y a n d n o t th e n u m b e r
a c t u a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n ts , th e e s tim a te s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ­

O c c u p a t io n s

and

E a r n in g s

th e jo b t it le s a r e fo r a ll
o f th e o c c u p a tio n s lis t e d
w it h in o c c u p a t io n s ,

are

in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
an d d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r
not p resen ted

in th e

e i t h e r (1 ) e m p l o y m e n t in t h e o c c u p a t i o n i s
d a ta to m e r it p r e s e n ta tio n , o r
(2 ) t h e r e
of

in d iv id u a l

e s t a b lis h m e n t

ta in e d f r o m

E a r n in g s d a ta f o r s o m e
s o m e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s

A -s e r ie s

ta b le s ,

th e

becau se

s a m p le

o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s

im p o rta n ce

o c c u p a tio n a l
s tru ctu re
e a r n in g s d a ta .

to o s m a ll to p r o v id e e n ou g h
is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e

d a ta .

E s t a b lis h m e n t

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies
in 91 areas at die request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
partment of Labor.




th e

r e la tiv e

1

of
do

P r a c tic e s

th e

not

and

jo b s
a ffe c t

s tu d ie d

s tu d ie d .

serve

m a t e r ia lly

S u p p le m e n t a r y

o n ly to in d ic a te

T h ese
th e

W age

I n fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s
e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s a n d
s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e

d iffe r e n c e s

accu racy

of

in
th e

P r o v is io n s
ta b le s ) o n s e le c t e d
p r o v is io n s a s th e y

r e la te
t o p la n t a n d o f f i c e
w ork ers.
A d m in is tr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , and
p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , a n d c o n s t r u c tio n w o r k e r s w h o a r e u tiliz e d
as

a

sep a ra te

w ork

fo rc e

are

e x c lu d e d .

"P la n t

w ork ers"

in c lu d e

2

w o r k in g
m en and

fo re m e n
t r a in e e s )

a n d a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s
e n g a g e d in n o n o f f ic e
fu n c t io n s .

(in c lu d in g
le a d "O ffic e w o r k e r s "

in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s a n d n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m in g
c le r ic a l o r r e la te d
fu n c t io n s .
C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s an d r o u te m e n a re
e x c lu d e d

in m a n u f a c t u r in g

in d u s tr ie s ,

p a r t o f th e p a id h o lid a y s t a b le p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o le a n d
h o lid a y s a c t u a lly g r a n te d .
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w h o le a n d
h o lid a y s

to

sh ow

The

b u t in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

tota l

h o lid a y

su m m ary

of

h a lf
h a lf

t im e .

v a c a tio n

p la n s

(ta b le

B -5 )

is

lim ite d

to

a

in d u s tr ie s .

s t a t is t ic a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a tio n
p r o v is io n s .
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a lly

M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s (ta b le
B - l ) r e la te o n ly to th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s v is it e d .
B e c a u s e o f th e o p tim u m
s a m p lin g
t e c h n iq u e s u s e d , a n d th e p r o b a b ilit y th a t la r g e e s t a b lis h ­

fit s .
P r o v is io n s o f a n e s t a b lis h m e n t f o r a ll le n g th s o f s e r v ic e w e r e
t a b u la t e d a s a p p ly in g t o a ll p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th e e s t a b l is h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d le s s o f le n g th o f
s e r v ic e .
P r o v is io n s
fo r
p a ym en t on

m en ts

are

oth er

above

th e

m ore

lik e ly

s u b c le r ic a l

to

have

le v e l

fo rm a l

th a n

ra tes

fo r

e s t a b lis h m e n ts ,

en tra n ce

s m a ll

th e

w ork ers
ta b le

is

th a n a

t im e

b a s is w e r e

con v erted

to a

t im e

a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s

of

p o lic ie s

in

m e d iu m

S h ift d iff e r e n t ia l d a ta (ta b le
in

m a n u fa c t u r in g

term s

of

w ork er
of

(1 )

in d u s tr ie s .

e s t a b lis h m e n t

e m p lo y m e n t,

w ork ers

su rvey.

and

e ffe c tiv e

e s t a b lis h m e n t s

on

th e

c la s s ific a tio n "o th e r "

la te -s h ift

h ou rs

o n ly

a p p lie d

if

it

are

a

m a jo r it y

of

in

p r a c tic e ,

v a r ie d

is

e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

t o p la n t

In

te rm s

of

s h ift a t

th e

a

in

of

w h ic h
o ffe r "e x te n d e d "
or
"s a b b a tic a l"
b e n e fits
b ey on d b a s ic
t o w o r k e r s w it h q u a lify in g le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p ic a l o f su ch

e x c lu s io n s

p la n s

in

th e

e x c lu d e

s t e e l,

v a c a tio n -s a v in g s

a lu m in u m ,

and

can

p la n s

and

in d u s tr ie s .

in

p la n t
D a ta

on

h e a lth ,

th e

c lu d e

t h o s e p la n s

am ount

th e

cost.

S u ch p la n s

of

m a jo r it y ,

com p an y

som e

th e

record ed

fo r

in w h ic h

d iffe r e n tia l w a s

are

E s tim a te s

e x a m p le ,

a s th e e q u iv ­

a le n t

term s

t im e

d iffe r e n t ia ls ,

s h ift

b oth

to ta l

p resen ted

e s t a b lis h m e n t s

ra tes,
th e

w ork ers

p resen ted

if n o a m o u n t a p p lie d to a

w as used.

p a id a t n o r m a l

to

lim ite d

s p e c ifie d

h a v in g

a p p ly in g t o a m a jo r i t y w a s u s e d o r ,
th e

are

la r g e

in fo r m a tio n

p o lic y ,2 p re se n te d
(2 )

a c t u a lly e m p lo y e d

In

B -2 )

T h is

and

pay.

b a s is ; fo r

c o n s id e r e d

th o se
p la n s

m o r e -r e p r e s e n ta tiv e

1 w e e k 's

It is n o t in te n d e d a s a
r e c e iv in g s p e c ific b e n e ­

if

h ou rs.

and

th is

p la n ,

pu rpose.
if

p lo y e e s w e r e
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s (ta b le B -3 ) o f a m a jo r i t y o f th e
fir s t -s h ift w o rk e rs
in a n e s t a b lis h m e n t a r e
t a b u la t e d a s a p p ly in g to
a ll o f th e p la n t o r o f f i c e
w o r k e r s o f th a t e s t a b lis h m e n t .
S c h e d u le d
w e e k ly h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h ic h
fu ll-t im e e m p lo y e e s w e r e e x p e c te d to
w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r at s t r a ig h t -t im e o r o v e r t im e r a t e s .

An

of

le s s

cu rren t

a

o p e r a tin g

e s t a b lis h m e n t

th an a
to

p e n s io n p la n s
pays

at

(ta b le

le a s t

a

w as

m a jo r it y
c o n t r ib u te

u n io n
fu n d s

w as

to w a rd

fro m

p a id
a

c o n s id e r e d

e lig ib le
e le c te d

fu n d o r
or

and

in ­

of

th e

to

be

to

cost of

a c c id e n t

in s u r a n c e

is

lim ite d

by

a s id e
a

p la n

under

becau se

th e

to

set

have

covered

to p a r tic ip a te
th e

d ir e c tly

fu n d

p la n .

g a lly r e q u ir e d
p la n s ,
su ch
a s w o r k m e n 's
c o m p e n s a tio n ,
c u r ity , an d r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .

S ic k n e s s

B -6 )

part

u n d e r w r it t e n b y a c o m m e r c ia l in s u r a n c e
th rou g h

e m p lo y e e s

r e q u ir e d

and

th e e m p lo y e r

in c lu d e t h o s e

out o f

m a jo r it y
even

in s u r a n c e ,

w h ic h

th o s e p r o v id e d

e m p lo y e r
th e

fo r

th e
em ­
L e­

s o c ia l

th a t

ty p e

se­

of

in s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to th e in s u r e d d u r in g
illn e s s o r a c c id e n t d is a b ilit y .
I n fo r m a t io n is
P a id

h o lid a y s ; p a id

v a c a t io n s ; h e a lth ,

in s u ra n ce ,

and

p e n s io n

p la n s ; a n d p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e w o r k (ta b le s B - 4 th r o u g h B -7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly o n th e b a s is th a t t h e s e a r e a p p lic a b le t o a ll
p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if a m a jo r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l ig i b l e o r
m a y e v e n t u a lly q u a lify f o r th e
p r a c t ic e s
lis t e d .
S u m s o f in d iv id u a l
ite m s
in t a b le s
B -2
th rou g h
B -7
m a y n ot e q u a l t o t a ls b e c a u s e o f

p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s u c h p la n s t o w h ic h th e e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t e s .
H ow ­
e v e r , in N e w
Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h ic h
h ave en a cted te m p o ra ry
d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ic h r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t i o n s ,3 p la n s
a r e in c lu d e d o n l y i f t h e e m p l o y e r (1 ) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e t h a n i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2 ) p r o v i d e s t h e e m p l o y e e w it h b e n e f i t s w h ic h e x c e e d t h e
r e q u ir e m e n ts
lim ite d

r o u n d in g .

of

th e

la w .

T a b u la t io n s

to f o r m a l p la n s 4 w h ic h p r o v id e

of

p a id

s ick

fu ll p a y o r

le a v e

p la n s

a p r o p o r t io n

of

are
th e

w o r k e r 's p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s .
S e p a ra te
t a b u la t io n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1 ) p la n s w h ic h p r o v i d e f u ll p a y
D a ta

o n p a id h o lid a y s

(ta b le

B -4 )

are

lim it e d

to d a ta on

h o li­

d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . ,
(1 )
a r e p r o v id e d fo r
in w r it t e n f o r m , o r
(2 ) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid a y s
o r d in a r ily
w ork d ay

g ra n ted

and

th e

are

in c lu d e d

w ork er

is

not

even

th ou g h

g ra n ted

th ey

m ay

fa ll

a n oth er

day

o ff.

a n d n o w a it in g p e r i o d , a n d (2 ) p la n s w h ic h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a it in g p e r io d .
In a d d it io n t o th e p r e s e n t a t io n o f th e p r o p o r t io n s

a

non­

o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e
s ic k
le a v e , a n u n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l is s h o w n o f w o r k e r s
who

The

fir s t

e ith e r

on

or

b oth

ty p es

of

o r p a id
r e c e iv e

b e n e fits .

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con­
3
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3
C a ta stro p h e in s u ra n ce ,
in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s t h o s e

ic a l

e m p lo y e e s
th e

in

n orm al

case

of

coverage

s ic k n e s s
of

m e r c ia l
p a id

in s u r a n c e

c o m p a n ie s

by

th e

T a b u la t io n s

of

r e t ir e m e n t

th a t

r e g u la r p a y m e n ts

M eth od
ty p es

of

c e n t iv e

ra te

e m p lo y e r

of

w age

stru ctu re

sy stem s.

a

p e n s io n

expenses

and

beyond

s u r g ica l

fo r

p la n s

are

a s id e

ra te

p a id

(ta b le
under

s tru ctu re

of

B -7 )

or

p la n s .

th ey

f o r th is

lim it e d

th e r e m a in d e r

w ork ers
s in g le

o r g a n iz a tio n s

fu n d s e t

d e t e r m in a tio n
fo r

U nder a

in v o lv in g

m e d ic a l,

o r n o n p r o fit
out o f

t o a ll e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in
u al w o r k e r o c c a s io n a lly m a y




in ju r y

to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l
S u ch p la n s m a y b e u n d e r w r it t e n b y c o m ­

fo r

p r o v id e

and

h o s p it a liz a t io n ,

M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e fe r s
paym en t of d o c to r s ' fe e s .
be

s o m e tim e s r e fe r r e d to a s m a jo r m e d ­
p la n s w h ic h a r e
d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t

to

m ay

pu rpose.

th o se

p la n s

th e w o r k e r 's
r e la te s

v a r io u s
th e s a m e

t im e
ra te

to

life .
b a s ic

and
is

in ­

fo r s p e c ia l r e a s o n s , but s u ch p a y m e n ts a r e e x c e p tio n s .
r a t e s p la n s p e c i f i e s th e m in im u m a n d /o r m a x im u m r a t e
en ced w ork ers
m eth od

fo r

th e

sam e

jo b .

o f p r o g r e s s io n th ro u g h

In fo r m a tio n a ls o

th e

ran ge.

In

A ra n g e -o f p a id e x p e r i­

is p r o v id e d

th e a b s e n c e

of a

on

th e

fo rm a l

r a t e s t r u c t u r e , th e q u a lific a t io n s o f th e in d iv id u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m in e
th e p a y r a te .
I n fo r m a t io n o n ty p e s o f in c e n t iv e p la n s is p r o v id e d o n ly
f o r p la n t w o r k e r s
w ork ers.
U nder
fo r

each

u n it

of

b e c a u s e o f th e lo w in c id e n c e o f s u c h p la n s f o r o f fic e
a p ie c e w o r k
s y s t e m , a p r e d e t e r m in e d r a t e is p a id
ou tp u t.

P r o d u c tio n

o v e r a q u o ta o r c o m p le t io n o f a jo b
p e n s a tio n
on a c o m m is s io n
b a s is
p ercen ta g e
p lu s

a

of

v a lu e

of

s a le s ,

or

bon u ses

are

based

on

p r o d u c tio n

in l e s s th a n s t a n d a r d t im e .
C om ­
rep resen ts
p a y m en ts
based
on a

on

a

c o m b in a t io n

of

a sta ted

s a la r y

p ercen ta g e.

p a id

th e s a m e jo b c la s s ific a t io n . A n in d iv id ­
b e p a id a b o v e o r b e lo w
th e s in g le r a te

D a ta
ta b le

B -7 .

on

fre q u e n c y

of

w age

paym ent

a ls o

are

p r o v id e d

in

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and W o r k e r s W ithin S co p e o f S u rv e y and N u m ber Studied in S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , 1 b y M a jo r In d u stry D iv i s io n ,2 July 1968
N u m ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in s c o p e
o f study

In d u stry d iv is io n

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ith in s c o p e o f study

W ith in s c o p e
o f s tu d y 3

Studied
T o ta l4

Studied

Plant
N u m ber

A ll d iv is io n s ______ ______ _ __

__

____

M an u factu rin g_
_
___ ____
- __
N onm anuf a ctu r in g-______ _____________. ____________
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
oth er p u b lic u t ilitie s 5 _ ___
_ __
W h o le s a le t r a d e ________________________________
R e ta il t r a d e _____________________________________
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ________
S e r v ic e s 8
-------------------------------------------------------------

O ff ic e

P ercent

T o t a l4

361

107

9 6 ,8 0 0

100

6 1 ,5 0 0

1 8 ,1 0 0

6 5 ,9 4 0

50
-

138
223

40
67

60, 000
3 6 ,8 0 0

62
38

4 0 ,2 0 0
2 1 ,3 0 0

1 0 ,0 0 0
8, 100

4 4 ,6 3 0
2 1 ,3 1 0

50
50
50
50
50

30
49
74
35
35

13
10
16
10
18

9, 100
4, 100
1 2 ,8 0 0
6 ,5 0 0
4, 300

9
4
13
7
5

6, 200
(‘ )
(6)
0
(6)

1 ,6 0 0
( 6)
0
0
( 6)

7, 700
1 ,6 5 0
6, 220
2, 950
2, 790

1 The S y r a c u s e Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y the B u rea u o f the B u dget th rou gh Jan u ary 1968, c o n s is t s o f M a d is o n , O nondaga, and O sw e g o C ou n ties. The " w o r k e r s
w ith in s c o p e o f stu dy" e s t im a t e s show n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u r v e y .
The e s tim a te s a r e not
in ten d ed , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r em p lo y m e n t in d e x e s fo r the a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the use
o f es ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ie d , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 Th e 1967 e d itio n o f the S tandard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w a s u s e d in c la s s ify in g e sta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s try d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su ch i n d u ^ r ie s as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu re th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m the s e p a r a te plant and o f f i c e c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s ” and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , and f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s . S ep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n
o f data f o r th is d iv is io n is not m ade f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll t o p r o v id e enough data to m e r it se p a r a te stu dy, (2) the sa m p le w as
not d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it se p a r a te p r e s e n t a t io n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequ ate to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e of in divid u al
es ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 W o r k e r s f r o m th is e n tire in d u s tr y d iv is io n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , but fr o m the r e a l e sta te p o r tio n on ly in
e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s . S e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f data f o r th is d iv is io n is not m ade f o r one o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s g iv en in fo o tn o te 6 a b o v e .
8 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d rie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , r e n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n on p rofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (ex clu d in g
r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




A lm o s t t w o -t h ir d s o f the w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the S y r a c u s e a r e a
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g f ir m s .
The fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s the m a jo r in d u s try g rou p s
and s p e c i fi c in d u s tr ie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa ctu rin g:
In d u stry g ro u p s

S p e c if ic in d u s tr ie s

E l e c t r ic a l equipm ent and
s u p p lie s __________________________ 28
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e le c t r ic a l_ 20
_

C o m m u n ica tio n equ ipm en t_____10
S e r v ic e in d u s try m a c h in e s ___ 10
E le c t r o n ic c o m p o n e n ts and
a c c e s s o r i e s _______________________ 6
M o to r v e h ic le s and
equ ipm en t ______
6
E l e c t r i c ligh tin g and w ir in g
e q u ip m e n t_________________________5
G e n e r a l in d u s tria l
m a c h in e r y _____________________
5
R a d io and T V r e c e iv in g
e q u ip m e n t_____________________
5

P rim a ry m etal in d u stries_____ 9
C h e m ic a ls and a llie d
p r o d u c t s ___________________________ 8
F o o d and k in d r e d p r o d u c t s _____
7
P a p e r and a llie d p r o d u c t s ______6
T r a n s p o r ta tio n e q u ip m e n t______ 6

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d on e s tim a te s o f to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d p r i o r to a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u s tr y d iv is io n s m a y
d iffe r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on the r e s u lts o f the s u r v e y a s show n in ta b le 1 a b ov e.

5
A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-L Office Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
(A verage straigh t-tim e weeKly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , S yracu se, N .Y ., July 1968)
Weekly earnings*
(standard)
O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number Average
weekly
of
workers (standard)

t
55

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

50

65

70

Number o f w ork ers re ce ivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
5
t
$
*
$
S
*
$
$
*
$
*
80
90
105
no
115
75
85
95
100
120
125
130 135

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

-

-

-

~

“

~

14
14

2
~

34
32

23
23

16
12

11
9

11
10

9
-

2
2

20
20

24
3
21

t

t

t

$

140

150

160

170

tfo

160

170

over

and
under
60

and

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

52
46

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

$
8 9 .0 0
8 8 .0 0

$
9 1 .5 0
9 1 .5 0

$
$
8 4 .5 0 - 9 3 .5 0
8 4 .0 0 - 9 3 .5 0

~

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

90
67

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

8 2 .5 0
7 8 .5 0

7 9 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

7 3 . 0 0 - 8 9 .0 0
7 1 . 5 0 - 8 4 .0 0

-

2
2

7
7

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------ MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

333
163
170

3 9 .0 1 0 9 .0 0 1 0 9 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 - 1 2 1 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 1 9 .0 0 1 1 5 .5 0 1 0 6 .0 0 - 1 2 5 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
8 8 .0 0 - 1 1 2 .5 0
3 8 .5
9 9 .5 0

-

*

_

9

-

-

~

9

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

338
127
211

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

8 6 .5 0
9 8 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

8 2 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
7 8 -5 0

7 6 . 5 0 - 9 6 .5 0
8 8 .5 0 - 1 1 2 .5 0
7 4 .5 0 - 8 4 .0 0

_
-

10

2

45

-

-

10

2

45

97
23
74

37
2
35

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

138
106

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

7 1 .5 0
6 9 .0 0

7 1 .0 0
6 9 .0 0

6 6 .5 0 - 7 5 .5 0
6 5 .5 0 - 7 2 .5 0

-

24
24

39
37

40
40

16
2

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

131
33
98

3 7 .0
4 0 .0
3 6 .5

6 6 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
6 5 .0 0

6 7 .5 0
7 1 .0 0
6 6 .0 0

6 3 .5 0 - 7 1 .5 0
6 8 .0 0 - 7 5 .0 0
6 2 . 0 0 - 7 0 .0 0

14
14

28
28

48
15
33

34
11
23

CLERKS, ORDER ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

108
71
37

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

8 2 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
7 3 .5 0

8 3 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

7 3 . 0 0 - 9 3 .0 0
7 9 .5 0 - 9 6 .5 0
6 2 .0 0 - 8 4 .0 0

7
7

7
7

5
2
3

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

189
135
54

3 9 .5 1 0 2 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 0 1 .5 0
3 8 .0 1 0 5 .5 0

9 9 .0 0
9 8 .5 0
9 9 .5 0

9 1 .0 0 - 1 1 1 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 - 1 0 9 .0 0
8 7 .5 0 - 1 1 6 .0 0

_

-

_

-

-

100

105

n o __115

120

125 -JL20.

135

140

2

_

i

_

6
-

4
4

_

_

_

_

-

-

~

-

-

48
27
21

24
24

39
21
18

23
13
10

-

2
1
1

9
9

8
6
2

28
28

_

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

55
20
35

18
18

24
15
9

17
14
3

29
10
19

23
20
3

33
18
15

13
11
2

10
9
1

6
-

10

_

2
2

4
4

-

-

15
9
6

8
8
*

21
14
7

12
12

12
5
7

12
12

4
4

-

4
4

1
1

12
;o
2

-

12
5
7

19
9
10

25
21
4

36
31
5

15
10
5

22
19
3

7
2
5

10
10
-

5
4
i

10
1
9

32
2
30

_

-

-

2
1
1

8
6
2

1

i

_

-

1

i

*

“

i
i

-

_

2
2

~

1
1

_

10
10
-

_

12
1
11

_

1
1
-

_

_

-

“

2
2

_

-

-

-

42
20
22
20

33
11
22
19

15
3
12
2

3
3

10
10
-

3
2
1

8
8

1
1

3
3

6
3
3

3
1
2

5
2
3

1A

1

-

-

8
8

_

2
2

2
2

-

70
47
23
2

30
20
10
-

27
18
9
2

17
11
6
5

8

5
5

10
9
1

13
5
8

2
1
1

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -------------------------

43

8 2 .5 0

8 2 .5 0

7 7 . 5 0 - 8 9 .0 0

-

-

-

4

15

6

10

263
153
110

9 7 .0 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
9 4 .0 0
3 9 .0 1 0 1 .5 0

9 5 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

8 5 .0 0 - 1 0 5 .5 0
8 8 .0 0 - 1 0 0 .0 0
8 2 .5 0 - 1 2 2 .0 0

-

-

_
-

13
10
3

17
5
12

35
8
27

37
28
9

24
19
5

48
47
1

23
23
“

8
5
3

7
4
3

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

273
121
152

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

8 1 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

7 9 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

7 3 . 5 0 - 8 8 .5 0
7 9 .0 0 - 9 3 .0 0
6 9 . 5 0 - 8 3 .0 0

23
18
5

10
6
4

11
11

-

-

1

_

-

—

-

-

-

“

-

114
53
61

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

7 1 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
6 9 .5 0

7 0 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
6 7 .5 0

6 5 .5 0 - 7 7 .5 0
7 0 . 0 0 - 7 8 .0 0
6 3 .5 0 - 7 4 .0 0

SECRETARIES3--------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4-------------------------

1 ,0 1 5
580
435
68

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 1 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0
1 4 7 .0 0

92
46
46

89
59
30

154
121
33
8

134
no
24
-

93
73
20
~

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

2
2

3
1
2

6
3
3

6
4
2

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

19
15
4

12
12

22
9
13

69
52
17

-

3
3
*

1

OFFICE BOYS --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

1

8

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------nonmanufacturing -----------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




4 0 .0

$

$

t

-

-

*

4
4

38
~
38

37
8
29

63
27
36

26
12
14

54
33
21

26
4
22

29
10
19

18
11
7

25
25

14
1
13

-

8
6
2

22
22

29
2
27

77
3
74

1

-

-

-

1

-

9 8 .0 0 - 1 2 0 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0 1 0 5 .0 0 - 1 1 9 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 - 1 2 1 .5 0
1 4 8 .5 0 1 4 0 .0 0 - 1 5 8 .5 0

-

-

_

-

-

68
38
30

3 8 .5 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 1 .0 0 1 1 7 .5 0 - 1 4 7 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 3 3 .5 0 1 3 3 .5 0 1 2 7 .0 0 - 1 4 6 .0 0
3 6 .5 1 2 5 .5 0 1 2 2 .0 0 1 1 1 .0 0 - 1 6 1 .0 0

-

-

*

“

227
no
117

3 9 .0 1 1 8 .0 0 1 1 6 .5 0 1 0 5 .0 0 - 1 2 2 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 2 0 .5 0 1 1 7 .5 0 1 1 5 .0 0 - 1 2 1 .5 0
3 8 .5 1 1 5 .5 0 1 1 3 .5 0
9 7 .5 0 - 1 2 4 .5 0

-

_

-

-

-

2
2
64
23
41
2

-

2

-

_

-

1

2

20

2

—

“

“

1

2

20

2

13
4
9

-

-

8
21
12
9

19

7
12
’ 1C

3

11

6

T a b le A -l.

O ff ic e O c c u p a t io n s — M e n

and W o m e n

C o m b i n e d ------ C o n t i n u e d

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Syracu se, N .Y ., July 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number Average
weekly
of
hours1
(standard)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number o f w o rk e rs r e ce iv in g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
$

»

$
55

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

60

< 16
►
128

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R E S -----------------------------------------------NONMANU FA CTU RIN S
STENOGRAPHERS,

---------------------------------------

GENERAL

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ------STENOGRAPHERS,

SENIOR

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------NON MAN UF ACTU RIN S —
OPERATORS,

CLASS

A

----------

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S M A N U F A C T U R I NS ---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ---------------------------------------

3 9 .0 1 0 1 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 0 4 .0 0 1 0 3 .5 0
3 8 .0
9 9 .0 0
9 3 .5 0

9 1 .0 0 - 1 1 0 .0 0
9 8 .0 0 - 1 1 1 .5 0
8 7 .5 0 - 1 0 2 .5 0

_

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

8 3 .0 0
8 4 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

7 7 .5 0 - 9 5 .0 0
7 9 .0 0 - 9 2 .5 0
7 6 .5 0 - 1 0 1 .5 0

4 0 .0 1 0 1 .5 0 1 0 1 .0 0
4 0 .0
9 9 .0 0 1 0 0 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 1 0 .5 0 1 2 1 .0 0

9 4 .0 0 - 1 0 5 .0 0
94 0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0
9 3 .5 0 - 1 2 7 .5 0

-

1 0 9 .5 0 1 2 5 .5 0

8 7 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
8B .00

$
120

t
125

t
130

$

$
135

140

*
150

t
160

170

70

-

-Ifl.

85

90

95

100

105

110

U 5_

12
12

13
13

15
15

15
8

29
14

18
9

121
19

75

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

75
3

9
1

33
6

12
2

13
5

6
i

9
2

24
16

2
1

*
i

170 •over

-

-

1
1

9
9

14
2
12

42
3
39

45
16
29

50
27
23

50
35
15

18
18
-

31
26
5

9
9
-

8
8
-

_
-

2
2

5
5

17
17

3
3

_
-

_
-

-

1

-

1

5
5

16
7
9

41
11
30

30
18
12

11
7
4

18
11
7

6
*
2

15
15

3
1
2

2
1
1

2
2
-

1
1
-

4
*

5
5

1
1

1
1
*

-

*

_
-

~

3
2
1

*
3
1

26
12
14

68
53
15

59
51
8

87
77
10

190
180
10

32
28
4

'23
18
5

8
6
2

13
2
11

56
56

2
2

*

-

8
5
3

-

*

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

2

5

2

1

5

3

1

-

3

-

-

24

1

1

-

-

-

-

6
6

-

2
2

12
12

9
9

4
4

6
6

_
*

_
*

i

-

1
1

_

*

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

*

1
1

.
*

3 9 .0
142
71 • 3 9 .5
71
3 8 .5

8 4 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

8 4 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

7 9 . 0 0 - 9 1 .5 0
7 9 . 5 0 - 9 4 .5 0
7 8 . 5 0 - 9 0 .0 0

-

-

3
3

20
7
13

15
12
3

40
14
26

24
15
9

20
7
13

10
8
2 — -

6
6
~

_
“

3
1
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

1

17
15

5
3

3
3

_

_

“

~

2
2

1
1

~

2
1

14
6
8

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

8
6
2
2

1
1
-

6
6
-

TRAN S C R IB IN S-M A C H IN E O PERATORS,
G E N E R A L ---------------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------

73
25

3 9 .0
3 7 .5

9 0 .5 0
8 5 .0 0

8 4 .0 0 - 9 5 .5 0
7 8 . 0 0 - 9 0 .5 0

B ------------------------------------------------

115

7 6 . 0 0 - 8 9 .5 0
7 6 .0 0 - 8 9 .0 0

8 9 .5 0 - 1 0 4 .0 0
9 3 .5 0 - 1 0 5 .5 0
8 4 .0 0 - 1 0 3 .5 0

CLASS

$

t
110

9 2 .0 0 - 1 2 8 .0 0

9 5 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
9 9 .0 0 10Q .50
9 3 .5 0
9 8 .5 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------

$
105

8 1 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

3 8 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

TYPISTS,

t
100

8 0 .5 0
8 0 .0 0

88
29
59

A ------------

$
95

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

TABULATINS-M ACHINE OPERATO RS,
C L A S S B ---------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------

CLASS

$
90

6
*

65

“

_

3 9 .5 1 0 9 .0 0 1 0 3 .5 0 1 0 1 .0 0 - 1 1 0 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 1 2 .0 0 1 0 4 .5 0 1 0 2 .0 0 - 1 1 4 .0 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

85

48

38
26

NON MANUFACTURING
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------------------

S

$
80

44
43

TABULATINS-M ACHINE O PERATORS,
C L A S S A -----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

TYPISTS,

75

o
o
4*

SW IT C H B OA R D

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ------------ ; -------------------------

304
144
160

583
439
144

-------------

*
70

and

$
$
$
3 9 .5 1 1 1 .0 0 1 0 9 .0 0 1 0 4 .0 0 - 1 2 0 .0 0
3 8 .5 1 0 6 .0 0 1 0 1 .5 0
8 7 .5 0 - 1 2 2 .5 0

16?
64
98

C ONTIN U E D
CLASS C —

NON MANUFACTURING

65

and
under
60

SE C R E TA R IE S3 S E C R E TA R IE S,

t

9 0 .5 0
8 5 .0 0

354
222
132

9 2 .0 0
9 0 . 50 8 0 .5 0 - 9 8 .0 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
9 2 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 - 9 6 .0 0
7 7 .0 0 - 1 0 4 .0 0
3 8 .5
9 2 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 2 7 .5 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 1 1 .5 0 - 1 4 7 .5 0

205
78
1271

3 8 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .0

7 5 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
72.001

7 5 .5 0
8 0 .5 0
* ? .5 n

7 0 . 5 0 - 8 3 .5 0
7 6 .0 0 - 8 6 .0 0
6 7 . 0 0 - 7 9 .0 0

_

_

-

-

2
2

2
2

_

_

_

_

“

"

-

-

-

13
3
10

5
5

18
18

25
5
20

6

4
4

9
9

6
*
2

8
5
3

16
5
11

26
8
18

17
11

2
2

17
6

19
4

5

5

15
9
6

57
17
40

56
42
14

32
27
5

64
64
-

46
22
24

52
11
41

36
21
15

27
21
6

27
8
19

13
10
3

-

_

~
1
1

-

_

-

~

-

-

_

i
i

~

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

2
2

16
16
-

_

_

-

-

10
6
4
*

14
1
13
13

1
1

8
2
1
1
-

15
1
14
14

-

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s (e xclu sive of pay fo r o v ertim e at regular a n d /o r prem iu m r a tes), and the earnings corresp on d
to these w eekly hours.
2 The m ean is com puted fo r each jo b by totaling the earnings o f all w o rk e rs and dividing by the num ber o f w orkers'. The m edian designates p osition— half of the em ployees surveyed r e c e iv e m ore
than the rate shown; half r e c e iv e le s s than the rate shown. The m iddle range is defined by 2 rates o f pay; a fourth o f the w o rk e rs earn le s s than the low er of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than the
higher rate.
3 M ay include w o rk e rs other than those p resen ted separately.
4 T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public utilities.
5 A ll w ork e rs w e re at $170 to $180.




7

T a b le A -2 .

P r o fe s s io n a l a n d T e c h n ic a l O c c u p a t io n s — M e n

and W o m e n

C o m b in e d

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division , S yracu se, N. Y. , July 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Num ber o f w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
t

*

$

s

$

t

$

S

$

*

*

$

*

t

t

$

90

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

95

O ccupation and industry division

weekly
hours1
fstandard)

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

9
9

2

2
~

5
3

Under
and
t
under
90

---------------------------------------

68
57

$
$
$
$
4 0 .0 1 6 6 .0 0 1 6 3 .0 0 1 5 4 .0 0 - 1 7 4 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 6 9 .0 0 1 6 4 .0 0 1 5 9 .0 0 - 1 9 0 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFAC TURING

B -----------------------------------------------------------------------

143
110

4 0 .0 1 4 3 .5 0 1 4 3 .5 0 1 2 9 .0 0 - 1 6 0 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 4 3 .0 0 1 4 2 .5 0 1 3 0 .0 0 - 1 5 4 .0 0

-

DRAFTSMEN,

C

188
134
54

4 0 .0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 2 6 .5 0 1 1 7 .0 0 - 1 3 4 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 2 8 .5 0 1 2 9 .0 0 1 2 2 .0 0 - 1 3 4 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 1 6 .0 0 1 1 4 .0 0 1 0 9 .5 0 - 1 3 2 .5 0

2
2

1

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------NURSES, IN DUSTRIAL (R E G IST E R E D )
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------

76
69

4 0 .0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 1 7 .5 0 1 1 2 .0 0 - 1 2 4 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 1 7 .5 0 1 1 3 .0 0 - 1 2 1 .0 0

1

2
2

CLASS

CLASS

A

---------------------------------

---------------------------------

*

1 ----200

170

180

190

165

17?

tap

190

200 over

5
3

19
17

2
1

9
9

-

and

MANUFAC TURING

DRAFTSMEN,

s

1
165

_

_

1

6
3
3
4

4
3

6
6

19
12

9
7

9
7

15
14

14
12

5
4

24
22

2
1

27
11
16

9
8
1

36
33
3

20
16
4

41
35
6

IT
7
10

7
7

6
6

_

6
6

_

-

2
9
8

6
6

32
32

3
2

6
6

3
2

1
1

3
1

i
i

1
1

2
2

_

-

35
21

2
-

-

-

-

13
13

2
2

1
1

_

-

-

_

_

_

2
2

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

1 Standard'hou rs r e fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s (e x clu siv e o f pay fo r o v ertim e at regular a n d /o r prem ium ra tes). and the earnings corresp on d
to these w eekly hours.
2 F o r definition o f te r m s , see footnote 2, table A - 1.




T a b le A -3 .

O ff ic e , P r o fe s s io n a l, a n d T e c h n ic a l O c c u p a t io n s — M e n a n d W o m e n

Earnings inform ation fo r m en and w om en com bined are
presented in tables A - 1 and A -2 . Separate earnings in­
form ation fo r m en and w om en, usually presented in tables
A - l and A -2 , are not available fo r this area.

C o m b in e d

8
T a b l e A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e a n d P o w e r p la n t O c c u p a t io n s

(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in se le cte d occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division , S yracuse, N .Y ., July 1968)
Number of w ork ers re ce ivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 1
O ccupation and industry division

Num
ber
of
workers

Mean2 Median 2

Middle range 2

t
S
«
$
5
t
i
*
$
t
S
$
t
2 .3 0 2 .9 0 2 .5 0 2 .5 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3. 10 3 . 20 3 .3 0 3 .9 0 3 .5 0
and
under

$
S
s
)
s
s
t
s
s
$
3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 9 .0 0 9 .1 0 9 .2 0 9 .9 0 9 .6 0 9 .8 0
and

2 .9 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3. 20 3 . 30 3 .9 0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 9 .0 0 9 .1 0 9 .2 0 9 .9 0 9 .6 0 9 .8 0 over

67
*9

$
3 .9 8
3 .3 2

$
3 .9 2
3 .3 7

$
$
3 . 1 6 - 3 .8 5
3 . 0 8 - 3 .9 6

133
105
28

3 .8 8
3 .8 0
9 .2 0

9 .0 2
3 .5 7
9 .1 8

3 . 3 9 - 9 .9 6
3 . 2 8 - 9 .9 6
9 . 0 5 - 9 .9 8

_

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

-

-

-

E N G I N E E R S , S T A T I O N A R Y -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

66
60

3 .6 3
3 .6 3

3 .6 9
3 .6 9

3 . 0 8 - 3 .9 7
3 . 0 7 - 3 .9 9

-

-

-

FIREMEN,

35
33

3 .0 9
3 .1 0

2 .8 7
2 .8 6

2 . 7 9 - 2 .9 9
2 . 7 9 - 2 .9 9

1
1

_

86

7
7
-

26
9
22

CARPENTERS,

M AINTE NANC E

MANU FACTUR ING
E L E C T R IC IA N S,

------

-------------------------

M AIN TENA NCE

STA TIO N A R Y

MANUFAC TURING

-

BOILER

-------------------------

-

-

-

-

H E L P E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

90

2 .7 1
2 .7 9
2 .6 7

2 .7 3
2 .8 5
2 .9 9

2 . 9 6 - 2 .9 7
2 . 5 8 - 2 .9 9
2 . 9 5 - 3 .0 3

M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R S , TOOLROOM —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

77
77

3 .3 8
3 .3 8

3 .2 3
3 .2 3

3 . 0 1 - 3 .5 8
3 . 0 1 - 3 .5 8

119
118

3 .5 9
3 .5 9

3 .2 8
3 .2 7

3 . 1 9 - 3 .8 9
3 . 1 9 - 3 .9 3

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------------------------

131
95
86
89

3 .7 6
3 .2 9
9 .0 2
9 .0 3

3 .6 2
3 .0 6
3 .9 7
3 .9 8

3 .0 9 3 .0 1 3 .4 8 3 .9 8 -

M E C H A N I C S , M A I N T E N A N C E -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

263
259

3 .9 9
3 .9 9

3 .2 0
3 .1 9

3 . 0 8 - 3 .6 8
3 . 0 8 - 3 .6 8

_

M I L L W R I G H T S --------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

276
276

3 .6 1
3 .6 1

3 .5 5
3 .5 5

3 . 3 7 - 3 .6 8
3 . 3 7 - 3 .6 8

_

O I L E R S ----------------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

99
99

3 .0 0
3 .0 0

2 .8 9
2 .8 9

2 . 8 2 - 3 .9 6
2 . 8 2 - 3 .9 6

_

PAIN TERS,

32

3 .6 0

3 .9 7

3 . 2 6 - 9 .0 3

-

3 .7 6
3 .7 6

3 .8 2
3 .8 2

3 . 6 1 - 3 .8 9
3 . 6 1 - 3 .8 9

_

-------------------------------------------------

130
130

WORKERS, MAIN TE NA NCE —
------------------------------------------------tu rin g

29
29

3 .9 5
3 .9 5

3 .7 9
3 .7 9

T O O L AND D I E M A KE R S ----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

959
959

3 .8 9
3 .8 9

3 .7 8
3 .7 8

3 . 9 6 - 9 .1 9
3 . 9 6 - 9 .1 9

M AIN TENA NCE

MANUFAC TURING

------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------

M E C H A N I C S , AU TOM OTIV E
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) -------------------------------------------------------

MAINTE NANC E

P IPE FITTE R S,

-----------------------------------

MA IN TE NA NCE

m a n u fa c tu r in g

---------------------------

SH EET-M ETAL
m an u fac

9 .2 9
3 .1 1
4 .2 6
9 .2 6

_

-

-

5
4

_

3
3

9
9

6
6

15
15

_

"
-

-

“

“

1
1

8
8

2
2

_

_
-

1

-

_

_

8
8

-

_

-

95
95

5
5

16
16

4
4

26
26

l
1

_

9
9
~

2
2
-

2
2

3
1

13
13

3
2

2
2

6

3

i

1
1

3
3

1
1
*

59
92
12

-

“

11
11

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

"

-

10
10

2
2

9
4

23
23

-

-

9

-

3
~

“

9

6
9

-

3
-

-

6
6

-

-

2

2

1

2

2
2

1
1

8
8

1
1
1
1
17
17

-

2

-

-

*

-

-

_

-

*
-

-

_

4
9

12
12

_

7
7

-

_

_

-

_

-

2
2

-

~

18
18

_

1
1

_

5

_

2

13

5
5

-

2

13
13

_

13
13

-

_

6

28
25

30
30

36
36

64
69

2
2

9
9

-

_

5
5

*
-

i

-

-

*

i

-

3
3
-

1

10

2

7
7

11
11

-

5
5

-

27
27

97
97

1
1

_

-

_

8
8

_

“

_

_

-

-

18
18

-

_

69
69

10
10

2
2

3
3

4
4

1
1

_

5
5

8
8

2
2

“

3
2

18
18

_

-

5
5

9
9

4
4

-

1
1

25

60
60

-

2
2

25
25

97
96

-

-

4
3
1

"

1

6
6

-

-

1
1

2
2

5
5

-

1
1

23
23

16
16

-

-

1
1

4
-

19

-

-

-

12
11
1

1
1

2

_

4
9

-

12
12
“

1
1

2

1
1

_

-

-

16
15

19

E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holid ays, and late shifts,
F or definition of te r m s , see footnote 2, table A - l .
Tran sportation, com m u nication, and other public utilities.




8
8

10
10

20
19
1

“
_

8
8

7
7
~

_

-

-

19
19
-

2
2
-

-

-

2
2
-

1

7
7
-

3

_

-

1
-

12
10

-

8
5

_

-

2
2
-

7
7

“
-

5
5

7
7

_

2
2

9
9

-

_

_

6
5

3

3 . 6 5 - 9 .9 9
3 . 6 5 - 9 .9 9

M ACHINISTS,

9
9

1
1

"

-

-

2
2
2
2

*

-

-

4
4
4
4

29

3
3

-

10
-

25
25

-

-

2
2

44
44

_

-

_

4

91
91

_

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

10
10

-

i

5

-

-

-

23
23

-

~

2
2

-

_

4
4

10
10

-

40
90

_

1

1

-

*

4
9

97
97

_

-

29
29

-

1
1

1
1

7

-

-

7

~

20
20

63
63

16
16

20
20

75
75

_

_

-

_

2
_

*

-

“
88
88

_

9
T a b le A -5 .
(A verage

C u s to d ia l a n d M a te r ia l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a t io n s

stra igh t-tim e

h ou rly ea rn in gs fo r

b y in d u stry d ivision ,

se le cte d occu p a tion s

Syracuse,

Hourly eanlings 2

J u ly

studied on an a re a b a sis
1968)

Num ber of w orkers

receiv in g

straigh t-tim e

h ou rly earn in gs of—

$
*
*
$
S
$
s
t
$
S
S
$
f
t
%
$
$
t
1 ------- i
t
*
i
1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2.,00 2.,10 2 . 20 2 .3 0 2 . A0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 . 80 2 .9 0 3 . 00 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 . A0 3.5 0 3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0

Number
of
workers

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u stry d ivision

N. Y. ,

Median3

Mean3

Middle range3

and

under
1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2.,10 2.,20 2. 30 2 . A0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2. 90 3 .0 0 3 . 10 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 . A0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0
$
2 .0 0
2 .8 1

$
1 .6 8

153

G U A R D S AND WATCHMEN ----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

2 .8 5

$
1 .6 A 2 .8 1 -

$
2 .7 A
2 .9 0

A88

306
7

25

82
9
73

_

3

_

2

_

9
9

5
5

2
2

2
2

85
85

1
“

2
2

15
15

_

_

~

~

1
1

1A
1A

-

1

-

_

“

_

2

2

85

-

2

15

-

32
12
20

A7
5
A2

23
12
11

88
77
11

19
18
1

23
23
~

A1
A0
1

46
39
7

6A
57
7

30
2A
6

18
A
1A

2
2

52
52

4
4

15
A
11
10

37
8
29
29

15
15

10
10
-

7
7
-

8
2
6

1A
1A
-

1A
1A
1A

3
3
-

-

_

1
1
*
~

i
i
•

78
78

A3
A3
-

61
60
1

9
3
6
6
-

17
17
-

“
-

1A

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

3
3

“

-

-

2
2

“

1A
9

”

over

1
1
1
-

78
78
78
-

5
5
5

-

1

9

GUARDS:

4

-

12?

2 .9 6

2 .8 7

2 .8 3 -

3 .1 1

--------

875

2 .1 6

390
A85

2 .5 6

1 .7 2 2 .2 6 -

2 .6 0
2 .7 8

200

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

2 .0 A
2 .5 7

1 .8 A

1 .7 5

1 .6 6 -

1 .9 0

200

10A
12
92

308
7A
23A

1 .9 5
2 .3 3

1 .7 7

1 .6 5 2 .1 7 -

2 .1 9
2 .6 1

1 .6 A 2. 11-

2 .0 2
2 .7 1

20
3
17
-

20
2
18
1

2
2

2 .1 6

1A1
A
137
“

2 .5 3

2 .2 7 2. A0-

2 .7 5
2 .6 A
3 .6 2
3 .6 8

35
35

_
-

-

A8
18
30

93
65
28

*

1A8
130
18
-

3
3

9
9

9
9

25
25
“
-

28
28

2. 103 .6 1 -

5
5
-

6
6

11
11

32
2

A2
6

6
“

8
3

16

_

_

_

-

-

5
2

_

-

-

1A
1A

1A
1A

18
18

17
17

15
15

-

5
3

MANUFAC TURING
JAN ITO RS,

-------------------------------------------------

PORTERS,

AND

CLEANERS

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , A ND C L E A N E R S
( WO M E N I ----------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

2 .3 2
1 .6 9

“

“

A
A
-

2A
2A
-

8
1
7
7

29
29

2
~

63
63

12
11

16
16

23
23

7
7

7
7

“

“

12
12

“

-

1
1

-

~

*

1
1

-

-

6

6
1

“

-

10
10

~

-

-

9
9

-

-

*

-

6

-

-

-

1

-

5

-

2

-

-

-

16
12
4

_
-

9
9

10
10
“

1
i
“

9
9

*

2
2
-

22
22
-

12
12
-

_
-

-

1
1

18
18
“

25
16
9
~

35
26
9
~

6
1
5
5

35
2A
11
~

11
11

2
1
1
1

-

17
6
ii
2

36
36
~
*

1A2
52
90
~

A13
4
A09
377

28
12
16
16

1
-

A

17
9

10
9

_

_

_

10
9

_

_

“

-

9

8
8

i
i

2
2

36
36

90
90

23A
4
230

16

6
6

1A
1A

52
52
~

59
“
59

,1 2
6 12

1
1

-

11
11

U T I L I T I E S 4-----------------------------------

5A

1 .8 3
2 .2 8

L A B O R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

713
A50

2 .5 9
2 .5 3
2 .7 0

U T I L I T I E S 4-----------------------------------

263
97

3 .6 0

2 .5 3
2 .5 5
3 .6 A

ORDER
F I L L E R S ------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

260
152

2 .5 8
2 .6 1

2 .6 3
2 .7 9

2 .2 9 2 .2 1 -

2 .9 A
2 .9 6

P A C K E R S , S H I P P I N G ---------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

1A9
1A6

2 .5 5
2 .5 6

2 .5 5
2 .5 6

2 .3 3 2 .3 A-

2 .7 6
2 .7 6

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S --------------------------------------------—
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

A7
26

2 .9 6

3 .0 2

2 .5 A-

3 .2 8

_

_

-

-

_

3 .1 1

3 .0 8

2 .9 3 -

3 .5 A

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

9
i

-

-

-

-

-

4

12

9
9

_
-

1
1

_
-

4
i
3

-

20
6
1A

18
18
“

72

10
10
“

-

72
~

3
3
~

3
3
“

1A
4
10
—

18
18

9
9

3
3

6
6

*

18

_

_

_

18

“

PUBLIC

NON MANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

-----------------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------

32

2 .7 3

2 .5 9

2 .5 2 -

3 .0 3

-

-

S H I P P I N G AND R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

116
75

2 .8 9
3 .0 8

2 .8 9
2 .9 9

3 .A 3
3 .A 7

-

A1

2 .5 A

2 .5 6

2 .5 8 2 .6 9 2 .2 5 -

2 .9 0

_
-

2
*

T R U C K D R I V E R S 5 ---------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

912
2 1A
698

3 .3 3
3 .2 6
3 .3 6

_

12

12

3 .7 6

.0 0 .8 5 . A3.7 2 -

3 .6 3
3 .7 6
3 .7 8

-

A01

3
2
3
3

3 .7 5

U T I L I T I E S 4 -----------------------------------

3 .6 9
3 .A 6
3 .7 2
3 .7 5

T R U C K D R I V E R S , M E DI U M ( 1 - 1 / 2
TO
AND I N C L U D I N G A T O N S ) --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

90
75

2 .3 9
2 .3 2

2 .2 6
2 .0 9

1 .9 6 1 .9 A -

2 .7 9
2 .7 9

A33

3 .5 6

70
363

3 .2 9
3 .6 2

3 .7 1
3 .5 2
3 .7 3

3 .6 2 3 -0 4 3 .6 7 -

3 .7 6
3 .5 6
3 .7 7

205
89
116

3 .2 0
3 .A 6
3 .0 0

3 .6 A
3 .6 A

2 .7 9 -

3 .7 3
3 .6 8

379
310

A5

SH IPPIN G

CLERKS

PUBLIC

TRUCKDRIVERS,

HEAVY

(O V E R

A

TONS,

TRAILER

T Y P E ) ------------------------------------------------m a n u fa c tu r in g
------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

T R U C K D R I V E R S , HEAVY (O V E R A T O N S ,
O T H E R T HAN T R A I L E R T Y P E ) -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------T R U C K E R S , POWER ( F O R K L I F T ) ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------- ---------------------------------TRUCKERS,
FORKLIFT)

POWER

(O TH E R

1
2

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t
E xclu des p rem iu m pay for overtim e

3

For

d efin ition

of

term s,

see

footnote

_
-

_

_

3 .7 5

-

-

3 .0 3
2 .9 8

2 .8 9
2 .8 7

2 .6 8 2 .6 A-

3 .A 2
3 .3 7

_

_

-

2 .3 9

2 .A A

2 .0 6 -

2 .7 6

_

table

in d ica ted .
weekends,

In clu d es

6

A ll

all

w orkers

d rivers,

as

w ere

$ 4 .1 0




at

d efin ed ,
to

reg a rd less

$ 4 .2 0 .

of

and

type

of

h olida y s,

truck

_

_

_
and

_

_

.

1

.

1

33
2A

60
A2

31
31

-

10

6

la te

operated.

A5

-

-

-

12
12

12
12

6
6

2
2

8
8

4
A

25
25

18

_

i

9

1

_

sh ifts.

_

-

19
19

_

_

“

_

“

*

_

-

-

_

-

9

“

-

A -l.
size

_

A5

4 T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
5

_

“

-

3 .7 0

w h ere oth erw ise
and for w o r k on
2,

_

12
~

12
12

3 .0 5 2 .0 7 -

T HA N

------------------------------------------------------------------

_
*

12

-

2

_
”
_

16
5
11
‘

_

_

_

_

17
17

“

“

*
1
1

66
66

_

A7
A7

A3
1

“

_
-

16

10
B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t

T a b le B -l.

P r a c tic e s

M in im u m

and

S u p p le m e n t a r y

W age

E n tr a n c e S a la r ie s f o r W o m e n

P r o v is io n s

O ffic e W o r k e r s

(D is trib u tio n o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu died in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r y fo r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s '
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f fi c e w o r k e r s , S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., Ju ly 1968)
I n e x p e r ie n c e d
M a n u fa c t u r in g
M in im u m

w e e k ly

s tr a ig h t-tim e

s a la r y 1

B ased

A ll

on

ty p is ts

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

s ta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll

in d u s tr ie s

E s ta b lis h m e n ts

s t u d i e d __________________________________________________

h a v in g

a

s p e c ifie d

$ 5 5 .0 0

and under
and under

$ 6 0 .0 0

_

_______

~

—

—

-------

on

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f -----

A ll

40

s c h e d u le s

40

XXX.

67

------------ X X X

107

9

41

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

18

40

15

15

1
-

_

_

-

-

1
1

_

-

1

1

1
-

40

67

17

16

24

_

2

_

_

-

2
-

-

11
.

-

-

-

1
1

-

1
1

-

-

1

_

2

1

4

1

1

3

_

$ 6 0 .0 0

and u n der

$ 6 2 .5 0

$ 6 5 .0 0

and under

$ 6 7 .5 0

.

$ 6 7 .5 0

and under

$ 7 0 .0 0

_________________________________________________

6

2

2

4

3

8

1

1

7

5

$ 7 0 .0 0

and under

$ 7 2 . 5 0 _________________________________________________

6

5
-

1

-

5

1

-

1

3
-

2
-

2

1

5
-

1

1
_

6

3

3

5

1
-

3
_

5

1
-

3
_

8

1

2

2

3
_

3
_

1
-

3

1

2

1

1
-

2
-

2
1
2
-

2
-

1

1
_

$ 7 2 .5 0

__________

A ll
s c h e d u le s

107

3

_____________________________ ___________________
_

40

33

_

$ 5 7 .5 0

$ 5 7 .5 0

m in im u m

B ased

in d u s t r ie s
A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s ta b lis h m e n ts

c le r ic a l w o rk e rs 2

M a n u fa c t u r in g

__

and u n der

$ 7 5 .0 0

$ 7 5 .0 0

and u n der

$ 7 7 . 5 0 ___

$ 7 7 .5 0

and u n d er

$ 8 0 .0 0

_______

$ 8 0 .0 0

and under

$ 8 2 .5 0

___

_

____________

_

____

__________ ____ _______

___ ____ _______

____

_______

_____

_____________________________________

____

2

$ 8 2 .5 0

and unde r

$ 8 5 .0 0

_________________________________________________

1

$ 8 5 .0 0

and u n d er

$ 8 7 .5 0

_________________________________________________

1

1
-

$ 8 7 .5 0

and un der

$ 9 0 .0 0

_

$ 9 0 .0 0

a n d o v e r -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

________

________

E s ta b lis h m e n ts

h a v in g n o

s p e c ifie d

E s ta b lis h m e n ts

w h ic h

________

_

_

3

1

-

-

1

1

1
-

-

-

1
-

2

2

2

-

-

2

2

2

*

-

17

7

XXX

10

XXX

41

15

XXX

26

XXX

57

18

XXX

39

XXX

25

8

XXX

17

XXX

_

n ot e m p lo y w o r k e r s

in t h is

ca te g o ry _

d id
-

m i n i m u m _____________________

1

1

1 T h e se s a la r ie s r e la te to fo r m a l l y e s t a b lis h e d m in im u m sta rtin g (h irin g) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s that a r e p aid f o r stan d ard w o rk w e e k s .
2 E x clu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s su ch as m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g ir l.
3 D ata a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a ll sta n d a rd w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n stan d ard w o rk w e e k r e p o r t e d .







Table B-2.
(L a te

s h ift p a y p r o v is io n s

fo r

Shift Differentials

m a n u fa c tu r in g

p la n t w o r k e r s

S y ra cu se ,

N .Y .,

J u ly

b y ty p e

and

am ount of pay

d iffe r e n tia l,

1968)

( A l ^ ^ l a n t ^ o r k e r s ^ ir ^ m a n u f a c t u r in g ^ = ^ 1 0 0 ^ e r c e n t )^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^
P e rce n t
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s
L -a te

s h ift p a y

p r o v is io n s

fo r

h a v in g

la te

o f m a n u fa c tu r in g

p r o v is io n s 1

s h ift

pay

P a y

d iffe r e n tia l fo r

d iffe r e n tia l fo r

T ype

and

w ork

am ount

U n ifo r m

w ork

on

on

o r

-

7 2 .7

1 9 .5

6 .5

(p e r

3 9 .3

2 7 .3

9 .1

3 .8

h o u r ) __________

—

-

1 .5
___

_

_

______

________

-

_

6 .7

3 .0

1 .9

.5

1 3 .6

-

3 .3

-

4 .2

-

.5

-

2 .1

3 .3

1 .5

-

c e n t s - . __- __ ____ __ _____ _________ __ _____ ____

.7

.5

c e n t s _________________________________________________

-

1 0 .5

13

c e n t s ___

-

1 .6

-

3 .1

c e n t s _________

.

________________________

____________

____________________________________

15

c e n t s ___________________
c e n t s ___

_________________

_________________

—

_________________

O th er

____________________________________ - —
________________________________

in

even

e s ta b lis h m e n t s

th an

.5

0 .0 5

th o u g h

th e

p e rce n t.

1 .5

-

8 .6

3 8 .7

2 .5

3 .0
3 .8

.2

“

.7

.3

c u r re n tly

w ere

2 .8

1 0 .1

_

-

e s ta b lis h m e n t s

.5
.2

1 .5
4 1 .7

3 8 .9

—

a ll p la n t w o r k e r s

s h ift s

L ess

.1

-

1 0 .2

f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ___________________

I n c lu d e s
la te

-

4 9 .1

p e r c e n t ___

1 5 p e r c e n t - ____

-

.4

4 .2

-

p e r c e n t a g e __________________________________

10 p e r c e n t

.1

-

c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

5

1 .4

1 .3

—
—

21

U n ifo r m

-

3 .0

c e n t s . ________ ____ _____ ___ _______________ ________

18
20

2

-

—

_______

________________

.2

14

1

-

8 9 .1

7 .5

12

oth e r

6 .5

s h i f t ----------------------

la te

1 0 c e n t s _________________________________________________

co v e r

o r

s h ift

(2)

1

V

s h ifts

0 .8

9 c e n t s __________________________________________________

02

T h ir d

s h ift

1 9 .5

7 2 .7

la te

o f d iffe r e n tia l:

cen ts

7 cen ts

S econ d

on

s h i f t --------------

la te

^ cen ts
8 c e n t s ___

oth e r

s h ift

8 9 .9

N o

A c tu a lly w o r k in g

s h ifts
T h ir d

S econ d

p la n t w o r k e r s —

not

o p e r a tin g

c u r re n tly

la te

s h ifts ,

o p e r a tin g

la te

and

e s ta b lis h m e n t s

s h ifts .

w h ose

fo rm a l

p r o v is io n s

12

T a b le B -3 .
(P e r ce n t

d is tr ib u tio n

o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e

w ork ers

S c h e d u le d W e e k l y H o u r s
in a ll in d u s t r ie s

o f fir s t -s h ift w o r k e r s ,

a n d in

S yracu se,

in d u s tr y d iv is io n s

N .Y .,

J u ly

by

s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s 1

1968)

O ffic e

P la n t w o r k e r s

w orkers

W e e k ly h o u r s
A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

A ll w o r k e r s .

________

_________

___

___

100

___

____

..

37 2
V

O ver

35

and u n der

3 7 V 2 h o u r s ___

h o u r s ___________

37 2
V

_____________

and u n der

___

_______

..

40 h ou rs

•

--- ------------------

_

40 and u n der

O ver

4 5 h o u r s ____

_______

_____________ —

____

______

I n c lu d e s

3
4

T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e ,

5

L ess

0 .5




p ercen t.

(5)
_
1

76
-

1
97

-

-

24
-

-

-

3

S c h e d u le d h o u r s

w h ic h a m a jo r it y

r e ta il tr a d e ,

100

8

-

2

th a n

th e w e e k ly h o u r s

4

o f th e

re a l esta te,

fu ll-tim e
and

w ork ers

s e r v ic e s ,
and

in

w ere

ex p ected to w o r k ,

a d d itio n t o

r e a l e sta te; and

th o se

w h e th e r th e y w e r e

in d u s tr y d iv is io n s

s e r v ic e s ,

u tilitie s 3

66

99
1

3

_______

1

4

_______

w h o le s a le t r a d e ,

5
4

-

P u b lic

100

16

90

1

d ata fo r

are

__________

-

2

4 5 h o u r s __________________________ — —

4 5 h o u r s ______________________

-

(5)
87

4 0 h o u r s ________________________________________________________ — —
O ver

M a n u fa c t u r in g

100

2
-

1

.

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

u tilitie s 3

100

100

2
-

_________. .

35 h o u r s
O ver

P u b lic

M anufac tu ri ng

in a d d it io n t o

sh ow n
th o se

p a id f o r

at s tr a ig h t-tim e

or

o v e r t im e

s e p a r a t e ly .

in d u s tr y d iv is io n s

sh ow n

s e p a r a t e ly .

ra te s.

13

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f plant and o f fic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y n um ber o f paid h olid a y s
p ro v id e d ann ually, S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., July 1968)
Plant w o r k e r s

O ffice w o rk e rs

Item
A ll in d u s tr ie s 1

A ll w o r k e r s ________________________________■_
_
W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid h o lid a y s ___________________________________
W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no paid h o lid a y s ________________________________

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2

A ll in d u s tr ie s 3

M anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

100

100

1

-

-

-

-

-

_
6
1
1
15
2
39
3
22
10

_
13
-

(4 )
13
1
1
5
3
15
5
(4)
28
14
9
3
2

_
5
1
2
6
5
20
1
48
12
-

9
4
13
7
36
30
-

N um ber o f days
L e s s than 6 h o lid a y s
_ _
6 h o l id a y s ...... .................... .......................... . .
6 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day
6 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf days__
_
7 h o lid a y s
.
7 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf days
8 h o lid a y s
8 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day
8 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf days
9 h o lid a y s
__ _ _ _
10 h o lid a y s
11 h o lid a y s
_____
11 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day
_
_ _
12 h olid a y s

2
19
1
2
15
1
30
2
16
8
2
2
-

-

-

-

17
22
-

5
5
19
20
-

_

T o ta l h o lid a y tim e 5
12 d ays
____
11V2 days o r m o r e ........
..
11 d ays o r m o r e
_ _
10 d a y s o r m o r e
9 days o r m o r e ___________________________________
8 l/z days o r m o r e ________________________________
8 d ays o r m o r e ___________________________________
7 d ays o r m o r e ___________________________________
6 V d ays o r m o r e ________________________________
2
6 days o r m o r e __________________________________
5 d ays o r m o r e ___________________________________
4 days o r m o r e ___________________________________
2 d ays o r m o r e ___________________________________
1 day or m ore _ _

1
2
3
4
5
no h a lf

-

2
4
12
30
30
61
77
78
97
97
98
98
99

_

-

10
35
35
77
93
94
100
100
100
100
100

-

20
38
43
48
48
70
87
87
100
100
100
100
100

2
5
14
28
57
63
80
86
87
99
99
100
100
100

_
-

12
61
61
86
94
95
100
100
100
100
100

-

30
67
74
74
7-4
87
91
91
100
100
100
100
100

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e ta il t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in a d d ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er, p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in ad d ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
A ll c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a tota l of 9 d ays in clu d e s th ose w ith 9 fu ll d ays and
d a y s , 8 fu ll d ays and 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 fu ll d ays and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o on.
P r o p o r t io n s w e re then cu m u lated .




14

Table B-5. Paid Vacations*
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f plant and o f fi c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., July 1968)
P lant w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o rk e rs

V a c a tio n p o lic y
A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

A l l w o r k e r s ____ . . .

_

_____ ___

P u blic u t ilit ie s 3

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

■

"

-

_
27
19
“

9
47
7
3

2
43
7
5

_
32
36
-

86
13
1

50
50
-

14
86
(6)

4
96
( 6)

31
69
-

42
4
53
1

51
5
43
1

9
6
85

3
(6)
97
( 6)

2
( 6)
97
( 6)

4
1
95
-

12
12
75
1
1

12
19
68

1
97
2
(6)

1
95
3
(6)

100
_

10
10
77
2
1

1
97
2
(6)

1
95
3
(6)

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3

100

.

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

M anufacturing

M anufacturin g

100

100

100
89
11
-

100
83
17
-

100
100
-

"

“

21
14
2

27
9
"

80
19
1

M eth od o f p aym ent
W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid v a c a t io n s ----------- --------- — ------------- —
L e n g t h -o f-t im e p a y m e n t____________
P e r c e n t a g e paym ent___ ___
_ ____ _
O th er - —--------------—------------—------ ------ —---------------W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p aid v a c a tio n s _____
_ _ __ „

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 5

A ft e r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek__ __ _____ ___ . . .
. ___
1 w eek___ __ __ __ ____
__ __ ____
O v er 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----- ------------2 w e e k s ______ - ____
__ ____
__

.
-

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek__ ____ , _ _
_ __ __ _
2 w e e k s ___ ____ ___ _____ ________ __________ ________
3 w e e k s __ _____ __ _____
_____________ _____
A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek_______________________________________________

O v er 1 and under 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------___ _____
___
2 w e e k s _________________
___
3 w eek s ___ _______ _______ __

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ______
_ _
_ _
_
O v er 1 and und er 2 w e e k s ______________________ _
2 w e e k s ________________________ _________________ ___
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ______ _________ _______
___ ___ _______

_
100

-

-

1

-

11
16
71
1
1

_
100
-

.

*

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek_______________________________________________
O v e r 1 and und er 2 w e e k s __________ ________
2 w e e k s _ _________________________
_________
O v er 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s __ ______ ___ ____ _

See footnotes at end of table.



_

.
100
_

15
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
—Continued
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f plant and o f fi c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n pay

p rov ision s, S yracu se, N .Y ., July 1968)
P lant w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o rk e rs

V a ca tio n p o lic y
A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

M anuf ac tu ri ng

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 5---- C on tinued
A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek_ _____ __
_
__
_ _
O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ___________________ ___
2 w e e k s _____ ______ __ ___ ___ ____ _
___
O v er 2 and und er 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s _____ __________ _ _____ _ _ _ _ _

2
(6)
84
6
7

(*>
83
8
8

_
98
_
2

2
17
9
68
_
3

_

.

11
13
72
_
4

5
_
95
_

2
17
8
69
1
3

11
10
74
1
4

_
5
95
_

2
10
73
3
11

_

4
_
81
5
9

2
10
27
2
56
3

4
26
3
63
4

i

1

89
2
9

85
3
11

(6)
27
(6)
69
2
2

15

8

78
3
3

92

11
_
83
3
3

1
7
92

-

(6)
20
4
68
5
2

_
_
_
71
_
29

(6)
4
3
81
(‘ )
11

2
1
88
(6)
8

_
_
5
_
95
-

( 6)
4
34
_
59
2

2
22
_
73
3

_
_
5
70
25

(‘ )
4
15
3
71
7

_

97
3

A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek_____ _
__ __ ____ ___ __ ___
2 w e e k s ________________________________________ ___
O v er 2 and und er 3 w e e k s ___
______
3 w e e k s ______ . . . .
. .
. . .
. . .
O v er 3 and under 4 w e e k s
4 w eeks _ _ _ _ _

-

-

A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
2 w e e k s ___ ___ ____ __ _
_
___
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s __ ___ _ _
3 w e e k s . . ______ _______ ______
___
O v e r 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s
4 w e e k s _____ __ . _____ — .
__ .

_ _

..

____

_

.

-

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek__
.
2 w eeks _ _ _ _
_
O v e r 2 and under 3
3 w eeks
O v e r 3 and u nd er 4
4 w eeks .
. .

. . .
__
_
w e e k s __
_
_
w eeks
_ _
. .

.

.
_
__

1
88
11

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek 2 w e e k s ______________ ____ ___ __ __ _ _ _ _ _
3 w e e k s _____ ____ . . .
. . .
O v er 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ____________________ _______________________
5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

_

1
7
92

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek____ __
.
.
.
2 w eeks
. . .
__
3 w eeks
_ _ _ _ _
_
_
___
__ _____
O v e r 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s .
4 w e e k s _________________________________________ __

See footnotes at end of table.




2
10
19
-

59
9

_

4
14
72
9

.
2
5
1
87
6

1
7
_
62
30 .

16

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
—Continued
( P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f plant and o f fi c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J u ly 1968)
Plant w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o rk e rs

V a ca tio n p o lic y
A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

M anufacturing

P u blic u t ilit ie s 3

A m oun t o f v a c a tio n p a y 5— C on tinued

A ft e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e pk... „ _L
i
..
....... .
„ .
2 w e e k s _____ _ ____ ___
___ _____
. _____
3 w e e k s _________________ ___ __________ __ ___ ___
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s ___ - - ____ ____ 4 w e e k s ------- ----- ---------------------5 w e e k s ________________________________________ ___
6 w e e k s _____ . . ______
__ . ______ ____

2
10
19
59
9

_
4
14
72
9
-

2
10
19

_
4
14

-

-

-

-

59
10

72
9

70
25

-

5
70
25
-

(6)
4
15
(6)
73
6
(6)

_
2
5
1
87
5
1

(6)
4
15
(6>
70
7
3

.
2
5
1
87
5
1

i
7
_
62
30
-

M axim u m v a ca tio n a v a ila b le
1 w eek______________________________________________
2 w peks
______ ________ __
3 w eek s _ _ ----------- —
__ _
_ _
O v er 3 and under 4 w e e k s
_ _
4 w eek s
_____
5 w eeks
______r .
6 w e e k s --------

_
5

1
7

_
62
30

1 In clu d es b a s i c plans o n ly . E x c lu d e s plans su ch as v a c a t io n -s a v in g s and th o s e plans w h ich o f fe r " e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits b e y o n d b a s i c plans to w o r k e r s w ith qu a lify in g lengths
o f s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l o f su ch e x c lu s io n s a r e p lan s in the s t e e l, a lu m in u m , and can in d u s tr ie s .
2 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 In clu d es paym ent o th e r than "le n g th o f t i m e , " s u ch as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual e a rn in g s o r fla t - s u m p a y m e n ts , c o n v e r te d t o an eq u iv a len t t im e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a p aym ent o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e c h o s e n a r b it r a r ily and do not n e c e s s a r il y r e f l e c t the in d ivid u al p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n .
F or
e x a m p le , the
ch an ges in p r o p o r t io n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in clu d e ch an ges in p r o v i s io n s 'o c c u r r i n g b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s tim a te s a r e c u m u la tiv e.
T h u s, the p r o p o r t io n e lig ib le f o r 3 w e e k s '
pay o r m o r e a fte r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e e lig ib le f o r 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
6 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.




17

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r ov id in g
health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e fits , 1 S y r a c u s e , N. Y . , J u ly 1968)
Plant w o r k e r s

O ffice w o rk e rs

T yp e o f b e n e fit
A ll in d u s tr ie s 2

P u b lic u t i li t ie s 3

M anufacturin g

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________________________

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g at
le a s t 1 o f the b e n e fits show n b e l o w ___________

98

100

92

96

55

56

52

52

L ife in s u r a n c e _________________________________
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u r a n c e ______________________________________
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k lea v e o r b o t h 5.......... ................................ .

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

100

M anufacturing

P u b lic u t i li t ie s 3

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

98

99

100

69

67

67

61

68

84

86

97

75

6
93

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e __________
S ick lea v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d )____________________________
S ick lea v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aiting p e r io d )____________________________

39

45

13

60

19

11

48

77

76

1

-

7

1

-

2

H os p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e _____________________
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e __ ________________________
M e d ica l in s u r a n c e _____________________________
C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e _________________________
R e tir e m e n t p en sion ____________________________

92
92
90
71
86

99
99
97
75
96

100
100
95
90
78

93
93
91
89
92

97
97
96
90
95

100
100
99
98
86

1 In clu d es th o s e plans fo r w h ich at le a s t a p art o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r , e x c e p t th o s e le g a lly r e q u ir e d , su ch as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
2

I n c lu d e s

d a ta

fo r

w h o le s a le

tra d e ,

r e ta il tr a d e ,

real

e sta te ,

and

s e r v ic e s ,

in

a d d itio n

to

th o se

in d u s tr y

d iv is io n s

show n

se p a ra te ly .

3 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
5 U n du plica ted to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce show n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w .
S ick le a v e p la n s a re lim ite d to th ose w h ich d e fin it e ly e s ta b lis h at lea st
the m in im u m n u m b er o f d a y s' pay that ca n be e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e .
I n fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an in d ivid u a l b a s is a r e e x clu d e d .




18

Table B-7.

Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment

( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y m eth od o f w age d e te r m in a tio n 1
and fr e q u e n c y o f w age p aym en t, S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J u ly 1968)
Plant w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o rk e rs

Item
A ll in d u s tr ie s 2

A ll w o r k e r s

__

_

_

_

_

r _

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u t i li t ie s 3

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

M anufacturing

P u blic u tilitie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

81
63
39
24

72
61
40
21

100
99
63
36

100
79
22
57

100
79
33
46

100
90
37
52

6
5

4
3

32
"

8
37

36

50
2

14
11
28
17
16
1
11
6
5
“

5
1

12
21
_

10
21

( 5)
10

M ethod o f w age d e te r m in a tio n 1
P a id tim e r a t e s ___________________________________
F o r m a l rate p o lic y
Single r a t e __________________________________
Range o f r a te s
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a u to m a tic
ad v a n cem en t a c c o r d in g to
len gth o f s e r v ic e
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on m e r it r e v i e w . ..
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a
com b in a tio n o f len gth o f
s e r v ic e and m e r it r e v ie w
N o f o r m a l ra te p o lic y
P ie c e ra te _______________________________________
Individual ....
G rou p
P r o d u ctio n b on u s_______________________________
Individual
._
G rou p _________________________________________
C o m m is s io n

13
18
19
11
10
1
8
4
3
( 5)

_
-

-

M ethod o f d e te r m in in g in ce n tiv e pay o f o f fic e w o r k e r s not p re s e n te d

"

F r e q u e n c y o f w age p aym ent
W e e k ly ___________________________________________ .
B iw eek ly ___ _________________________________________
S em im on th ly
M o n th ly _____________________________________________
O ther fr e q u e n c y
_

1
2
3
4
5

98
2

100
-

95
5
-

82
15
3
-

F o r a d e s c r ip tio n o f the m eth od s o f w age d e te rm in a tio n , se e In trod u ction .
In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e ta il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in ad d ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s .
In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; re ta il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in a d d ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.




83
11
6

99
( 5)

-

-

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t io n a l D e s c r i p t i o n s

The p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p re p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B u re a u 's w age s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its fie ld sta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p ro p ria te
o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d u nd er a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll t itle s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a r r a n g e m e n ts fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to esta b lish m en t and
fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m its the grou p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w age ra te s re p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b con ten t.
B e c a u s e o f this e m p h a sis on
in te re s ta b lis h m e n t and in te ra re a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a tio n a l con ten t, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m ay d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th ose in u se in
in d ivid u al e sta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d fo r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In app lyin g th e se jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u re a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s tru cte d
to e x c lu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; tr a in e e s ; and h an dicap ped, p a r t -t im e , te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

MACHINE

CLERK,

P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts, b i ll s , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e o th e r than an o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic t y p e w r it e r .
M ay a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m other
c l e r i c a l w o rk in cid en ta l to b illin g o p e r a tio n s . F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , b i ll e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c la s s i f ie d b y type o f m a ch in e , as fo llo w s :
B i l le r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ). U se s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a ch in e (M oon H opkin s, E llio tt
F is h e r , B u rr o u g h s , e t c ., w h ich a r e co m b in a tio n typing and adding m a ch in e s ) to p r e p a r e b ills
and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in te rn a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ­
ra n d u m s, e t c . U su a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p re d e te r m in e d d is c o u n ts and shipping c h a r g e s ,
and e n try of n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not be com p u ted on the b illin g m a ch in e ,
and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tica lly a ccu m u la te d b y m a ch in e . The o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s
a la r g e n u m ber o f c a r b o n c o p ie s o f the b ill being p r e p a r e d and is o fte n done on a fa n fold
m a ch in e.
B ille r , m a ch in e (book k eep in g m a c h in e ). U se s a b o ok k eep in g m a ch in e (Sundstrand, E llio tt
F is h e r , R em in gton Rand, e t c ., w h ich m a y o r m a y not have t y p e w rite r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b ills a s p a r t o f the a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the s im u lta ­
neou s e n try o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The m a ch in e a u to m a tica lly a c c u m u la te s
fig u r e s on a nu m ber o f v e r t ic a l colu m n s, and co m p u te s , and u s u a lly p rin ts a u to m a tica lly the
d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s . D o e s not in v o lv e a k n ow ledge o f b o o k k e e p in g . W ork s f r o m u n ifo rm
and standard types o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .

B O O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a bo o k k e e p in g m a ch in e (R e m in g to n Rand, E llio t t F is h e r , Sun dstrand, B u rro u g h s ,
N ational C a sh R e g is t e r , w ith o r w ithout a ty p e w rite r k e y b o a rd ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s
t r a n s a c t io n s .
C la s s A .
K eep s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n ow ledge o f and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic
book k eep in g p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y w ith the s tr u c tu re o f the p a r ticu la r a cco u n tin g s y s te m
u s e d . D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f d e b it and c r e d it ite m s to be u se d in e a ch
phase o f the w o rk .
M ay p r e p a r e co n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n ce s h e e ts , and oth er r e c o r d s
b y hand.
C la s s B . K eeps a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a ses o r s e c t io n s o f a set o f r e c o r d s u su a lly
r e q u ir in g little k n ow ledge o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a se s o r s e c t io n s in clu d e a c c o u n ts pa ya b le ,
p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n ts (n ot in clu d in g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d u nd er b i ll e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is trib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is trib u tio n , in v e n to r y c o n t r o l, e t c . M ay c h e c k o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r ia l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh eets f o r the a cco u n tin g d e p a rtm e n t.
CLERK,

ACCO U N TIN G

C la s s A . U nder g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a ccou n ta n t, has r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r
keepin g one o r m o r e s e c t io n s o f a c o m p le te set o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s re la tin g to one phase
o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t's b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s . W ork in v o lv e s postin g and b alan cin g s u b s id ia r y
le d g e r o r le d g e r s such as a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o r a c c o u n ts p a y a b le ; exam in in g and cod in g
in v o ic e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a cco u n tin g d is trib u tio n ; and r e q u ir e s ju dgm en t and e x p e r i­
e n c e in m aking p r o p e r a s s ig n a tio n s and a llo c a t io n s . M ay a s s is t in p r e p a r in g , ad ju stin g, and
c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n t r ie s ; and m a y d i r e c t c la s s B a cco u n tin g c le r k s .
C la s s B . U nder s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e a cco u n tin g o p e r a tio n s such
as postin g Sim ple jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a cco u n ts payable v o u c h e r s , en te rin g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; and postin g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r s c o n t r o lle d by
g e n e r a l le d g e r s , o r p ostin g s im p le c o s t a cco u n tin g data. T h is jo b d o e s not r e q u ir e a k n ow l­
edge of a ccou n tin g and boo k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s but is found in o f fi c e s in w h ich the m o r e rou tin e
a ccou n tin g w o rk is su b d ivid e d on a fu n ctio n a l b a s is am on g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




19

F IL E

C la s s A . In an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m con tain in g a nu m ber o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a tter
f i l e s , c la s s i f ie s and in d e x e s f ile m a te r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ica l d o c u ­
m e n ts , e t c . M ay a ls o f ile this m a t e r ia l. M ay k eep r e c o r d s of v a r io u s ty p e s in con ju n ction
w ith the f i l e s .
M ay lead a sm a ll g rou p o f lo w e r le v e l file c le r k s .

C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f il e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le (s u b je c t m a tter) h e a d ­
ing s " o r - p a r tly c la s s i f ie d m a t e r ia l b y fin e r su bh ea din gs. P r e p a r e s s im p le re la te d in d ex and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s re q u e s te d , lo c a te s c le a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r ia l in f il e s and fo r w a r d s
m a t e r ia l.
M ay p e r f o r m r e la te d c l e r i c a l ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m aintain and s e r v ic e f il e s .
C la s s C . P e r fo r m s rou tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y b e e n c la s s if ie d o r w hich
is e a s ily c la s s if ie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s if ic a t io n s y s te m ( e .g ., a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l). A s re q u e s te d , lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f il e s and fo r w a r d s m a ­
t e r ia l; and m a y f i l l out w ith draw al c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s im p le c l e r i c a l and m anual ta sk s r e ­
q u ir e d to m aintain and s e r v ic e f il e s .

CLERK,

O R D ER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a te r ia l o r m e r ch a n d is e b y m a il, p hon e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : Q uoting p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m aking out an o r d e r
sh e e t lis tin g the ite m s to m ake up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r i c e s and q u a n tities o f ite m s on o r d e r
sh eet; and d is trib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c t iv e d ep a rtm en ts to be fille d . M ay c h e c k with c r e d it
d ep a rtm e n t to d e te r m in e c r e d it ratin g o f c u s t o m e r , a ck n ow led ge r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e that th ey have b e e n f ille d , k eep f ile o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k shipping
in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

PAYROLL

C om p u tes w a ges o f co m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te r s the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll
s h e e ts . D uties in v o lv e : C a lcu latin g w o r k e r s ' e a rn in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; and
postin g ca lcu la te d data on p a y r o ll sh eet, show ing in fo r m a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n am e, w ork in g
d a y s , t im e , r a te , d e d u ctio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and total w ages due. M ay m ake out p a y ch eck s and
a s s is t p a y m a s te r in m aking up and d istrib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u se a ca lcu la tin g m a ch in e.
CO M PTOM ETER OPERATOR
P r im a r y duty is to o p e r a te a C o m p to m e te r to p e r fo r m m a th em a tica l com p u ta tion s. T h is
jo b is not to be c o n fu s e d w ith that o f s t a tis tic a l o r oth er type of c le r k , w hich m a y in v olv e f r e ­
quent u se o f a C o m p to m e te r but, in w h ich , u se o f th is m a ch in e is in cid en ta l to p e r fo rm a n ce o f
o th er d u tie s.
K EYPU N C H O P E R A T O R

C la s s A . O p e ra te s a n u m e r ica l a n d /o r a lp h a b e tica l o r co m b in a tio n k eypu nch m ach in e to
t r a n s c r ib e data fr o m v a r io u s s o u r c e d ocu m en ts to keypu nch tabulating c a r d s . P e r f o r m s sam e
ta sk s a s lo w e r le v e l keypu nch o p e r a to r but, in a d d ition , w o rk r e q u ir e s a p p lic a tio n o f codin g
s k ills and the m aking o f so m e d e te r m in a tio n s , f o r e x a m p le , lo c a te s on the s o u r c e d ocu m en t
the ite m s to be punched; e x t r a c t s in fo r m a tio n fr o m s e v e r a l d o cu m e n ts ; and s e a r c h e s f o r and
in te rp re ts in fo r m a tio n on the d o cu m en t to d e te r m in e in fo r m a tio n to be pun ch ed. M ay tra in
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

2 0
K EYPU N C H O P E R A T O R — Continued
C la s s B. U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tr u c tio n s ,
t r a n s c r ib e s data fr o m s o u r c e d o cu m e n ts to punched c a r d s .
O p e ra te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a lp h a b e tic a l o r c o m b in a tio n keypu n ch m a ch in e to keypu nch tabulating c a r d s . M ay v e r i fy c a r d s .
W orking fr o m v a r io u s s ta n d a rd iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts , fo llo w s s p e c ifie d s e q u e n c e s w h ich have
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e little o r no s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in te rp re tin g
o f data to be punched. P r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s , m is s in g in fo r m a tio n ,
e t c ., a r e r e fe r r e d to s u p e r v is o r .

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued
d . S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f an in d ivid u al plant, fa c t o r y , e t c . (o r oth er eq u ivalen t le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y t o the head o f a la r g e and im p orta n t org a n iz a tio n a l seg m en t ( e .g ., a m id d le
m an agem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a tio n a l seg m en t often in v olv in g as m an y as s e v e r a l hundred
p e r s o n s ) o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s C

O F F IC E BO Y OR G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u ties su ch as running e r r a n d s , o p e ra tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ­
ch in e s such as s e a le r s o r m a i le r s , opening and d is trib u tin g m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

a. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h ose r e s p o n s ib ilit y is not eq u ivalen t
to one o f the s p e c ific le v e l situ ation s in the d e fin itio n f o r c la s s B, but w h ose su bordin ate staff
n o r m a lly n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id ed into o rg a n iz a tio n a l
se g m e n ts w hich a r e often , in tu rn , fu r th e r su b d ivid ed . In s om e c o m p a n ie s , this le v e l in clu d e s a
w ide ran ge o f o rg a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , on ly one o r tw o; o r

SECR ETA RY
b . S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d ivid u al plant, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r oth er equ ivalen t le v e l of
o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l.. M aintain s a c lo s e and h igh ly
r e s p o n s iv e re la tio n s h ip to the d a y - t o -d a y w o r k a c t iv it ie s o f the s u p e r v is o r . W orks f a ir l y in d e ­
pendently r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n ce .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
and s e c r e t a r i a l d u tie s , u s u a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : (a) R e c e iv e s tele p h o n e c a l ls ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in co m in g m a il, a n s w e r s rou tin e in q u ir ie s , and r o u te s the te c h n ica l in q u ir ie s
to the p r o p e r p e r s o n s : (b) e s t a b lis h e s , m a in ta in s, and r e v i s e s the s u p e r v i s o r 's f il e s ; (c) m aintain s
the s u p e r v is o r 's ca le n d a r and m a k e s ap p oin tm en ts as in s tru cte d ; (d) r e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m s u p e r ­
v is o r to s u b o rd in a te s ; (e) r e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s
f o r the s u p e r v i s o r 's sign atu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; and (f) p e r fo r m s
s te n o g ra p h ic and typing w o rk .

a. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a sm a ll or g a n iz a tio n a l unit ( e .g ., fe w e r than
abou t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o r

M ay a l s o p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta sk s o f c o m p a r a b le nature and d iffic u lt y .
The w o rk t y p ic a lly r e q u i r e s ' k n ow led ge o f o f fic e rou tin e and un d erstan d in g o f the o r g a n iz a tio n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la te d t o the w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .

ST E N O G R A P H E R ,

E x c lu s io n s
N ot a ll p o s itio n s that a r e title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b ove c h a r a c t e r is t i c s . E x a m p le s
of p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e x clu d e d f r o m the d e fin itio n a r e as f o llo w s : (a) P o s it io n s w h ich d o not m e e t
the " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r ib e d a b o v e ; (b) s te n o g r a p h e r s not fu lly tra in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l
type d u tie s ; (c) s te n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g as o f fic e a s s is ta n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o fe s s io n a l, t e c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it io n s in w h ich the du tie s a r e e ith e r su b s ta n tia lly m o r e
rou tin e o r su b s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th o se c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the d e fin itio n ;
and (e) a s s is ta n t type p o s itio n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
is tr a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l d u ties w h ich a r e not ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : The t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the le v e l d e fin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e fe r s to
th ose o f fi c ia ls w ho have a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e -w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
co m p a n y a c t iv it ie s . The title " v i c e p r e s i d e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ica tiv e o f this r o le , d o e s not
in a ll c a s e s id e n tify such p o s it io n s . V ic e p r e s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to a c t p e r ­
s o n a lly on in d ivid u al c a s e s o r t r a n s a c tio n s ( e .g ., a p p ro v e o r d e n y in divid u al loan o r c r e d it a c t io n s ;
a d m in is te r in d ivid u al t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d ir e c t l y s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l staff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f app lyin g the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin it io n s .
C la s s A

over

a. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than the ch a irm a n o f the b o a r d o r p re sid e n t)
of a co m p a n y that e m p lo y e s , in a ll, o v e r 5,'000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; or
c.
S e c r e t a r y to the h ead (im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r s e g ­
m en t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B
a. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than ch a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t) of
a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to the h ead (im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w the o f fi c e r le v e l) o v e r e ith e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e -w id e fu n ctio n a l a c t iv it y ( e .g ., m a r k e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , in d u s tr ia l r e la tio n s , e t c .)
o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l se g m e n t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r te r s ; a m a jo r d iv isio n )
oF a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 e m p lo y e e s ; o r




C la s s D

b . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y sta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a tiv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te c h n icia n o r e x p e r t . (N O T E : M any c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s te n o g r a p h e r s ,
ra th e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to this le v e l of s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)

GENERAL

P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e ith e r in shorthand o r b y Stenotype o r s im ila r m a ch in e ; and t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n . M ay
a ls o type f r o m w ritte n c o p y . M ay m ain tain f i l e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m oth er r e la tiv e ly
rou tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
M ay o p e ra te f r o m a s te n o g ra p h ic p o o l.
D oes not in clu d e t r a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e w o rk . (S ee t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .)
STEN OGRAPH ER,

SENIOR

P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n in v olv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y
such as in le g a l b r i e fs o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t if ic r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s eith e r in s h o r t ­
hand o r b y Stenotype o r s im ila r m a c h in e ; and t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n . M ay a ls o type f r o m w ritten
cop y.
M ay a ls o s e t up and m ain ta in f i l e s , k eep r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s ste n o g r a p h ic du ties r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in d ep en d en ce and r e s p o n s i ­
b ilit y than s te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l as e v id e n c e d b y the fo llo w in g : W ork r e q u ir e s high d e g r e e o f
s te n o g ra p h ic sp e e d and a c c u r a c y ; and a th orou gh w ork in g k n ow ledge o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s and o f the s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o l ic i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f il e s ,
w o rk flo w , e t c .
U se s this k n ow led ge in p e r fo r m in g ste n o g r a p h ic du ties and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l
ta s k s such a s , m ain tain in g fo llo w u p f il e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o ra n d u m s , le t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s im p le le tt e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; rea d in g and rou tin g in c o m in g m a il; and
a n sw e rin g ro u tin e q u e s tio n s , e t c .
D oes not in clu d e tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o rk .

SW ITC H B O A RD O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u lti p ie -p o s it io n telep h on e sw itc h b o a r d han dling in c o m in g ,
ou tg o in g , in tra p la n t o r o ffic e c a l ls .
P e r f o r m s fu ll telep h on e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e o r han dles
c o m p le x c a l ls , such as c o n f e r e n c e , c o ll e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a l ls , e ith e r in ad d ition to doing
rou tin e w o rk as d e s c r ib e d f o r sw itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c la s s B, o r a s a f u ll - t im e a s s ig n m e n t.
( " F u l l" te lep h on e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s when the es ta b lis h m e n t has v a r ie d fu n ctio n s that a r e
not r e a d ily u n d erstan d able f o r te le p h on e in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e . g ., b e c a u s e of ov e r la p p in g o r
in te r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s , and c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fre q u e n t p r o b le m s a s to w h ich ex te n s io n s a r e
a p p ro p r ia te f o r c a lls .)
C la s s B . O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s it io n telep h on e sw itc h b o a r d han dling in c o m in g ,
o u tgo in g, in tra p la n t o r o f fic e c a l ls . M ay han dle rou tin e lon g d is ta n c e c a l ls and r e c o r d t o lls . M ay
p e r fo r m lim ite d tele p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e . ( " L im i t e d " telep h on e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s
i f the fu n ctio n s o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d ily u n d ersta n d a b le f o r telep h on e in fo r m a tio n
p u r p o s e s , o r i f the r e q u e s ts a r e r o u tin e, e . g ., g iv in g e x te n s io n n u m b ers w hen s p e c ific n a m es a r e
fu r n is h e d , o r if c o m p le x c a l ls a r e r e fe r r e d to a n oth er o p e r a t o r .)

21

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — Continued

SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In a d d ition to p e r fo r m in g duties o f o p e r a to r on a s in g le -p o s it io n o r m o n ito r -t y p e s w it c h ­
b o a r d , a c ts as r e c e p t io n is t and m ay a ls o type o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c le r i c a l w o rk as part o f re g u la r
d u ties.
T h is typing o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m ay take the m a jo r part o f this w o r k e r ^ tim e w h ile at
s w itch b o a rd .

C la s s C . O p e ra te s s im p le tabulating o r e l e c t r i c a l accou n tin g m a ch in es such as the
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g punch, c o lla t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c ific in s tru ctio n s .
M ay in clu d e s im p le
w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s and so m e filin g w o rk . The w o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s p o r tio n s o f a w o rk
unit, fo r e x a m p le , individ ual s o r tin g o r co lla tin g runs o r r e p e titiv e o p e r a tio n s .
T R A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

G ENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

C la s s A . O p e r a te s a v a r ie t y o f tabulating o r e l e c t r i c a l a cco u n tin g m a c h in e s , ty p ic a lly
in clu d in g such m a ch in e s as the ta b u la to r, c a lc u la t o r , in t e r p r e t e r , c o ll a t o r , and o th e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r t in g a s s ig n m e n ts w ithout c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , and p e r fo r m s d iffic u lt
w ir in g as r e q u ir e d .
The c o m p le te r e p o r tin g and tabulating a s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in vo lve a
v a r ie t y o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ich o fte n a r e o f ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g type r e ­
qu irin g s o m e planning and se q u e n cin g o f step s to be taken. A s a m o r e e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
is t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t ia lly tra in e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s and o p e ra tin g se q u e n c e s o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s p e r fo r m in g ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s and d a y - t o day s u p e r v is io n o f the w o rk and p r o d u c tio n o f a gro u p o f ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s .

C la s s B . O p e ra te s m o r e d iffic u lt tabulating o r e le c t r i c a l a cco u n tin g m a ch in e s su ch as the
tabu lator and c a lc u la t o r , in add ition to the s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , and c o lla t o r .
T h is w o rk is
p e r fo r m e d under s p e c i fi c in s tru ctio n s and m ay in clu d e the p e r fo r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g fr o m
d ia g r a m s . The w o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s , fo r e x a m p le , tabu lation s in vo lvin g a r e p e titiv e
a ccou n tin g e x e r c is e , a co m p le te but sm a ll tabulating study, o r p a rts o f a lo n g e r and m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . Such r e p o r t s and stu d ies a r e u su a lly o f a r e c u r r in g nature w h e re the p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s ta b lis h e d .
M ay a ls o in clu d e the tra in in g o f new e m p lo y e e s in the b a s ic
o p e r a tio n o f the m a ch in e .

P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d icta tion in volvin g a n o rm a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten c o p y and do s im p le c le r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s tr a n s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ica l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as leg a l
b r ie fs o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t if ic r e s e a r c h a r e not in clu d ed . A w o r k e r w ho tak es d ic ta tio n in s h o r t ­
hand o r b y Stenotype o r s im ila r m a ch in e is c la s s if ie d as a s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l.
T Y P IS T
U se s a ty p e w rite r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia l o r to m ake out b ills a fte r c a lc u la ­
tion s have be e n m ade by another p e r s o n . M ay in clu d e typing o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te ­
r ia ls f o r u se in d u p licatin g p r o c e s s e s . M ay do c l e r i c a l w o rk in v olv in g little s p e c ia l tra in in g , such
as k eep in g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g and d istrib u tin g in com in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e of the fo llo w in g : Typing m a te r ia l in fin a l fo r m w hen it
in v o lv e s co m b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r c o r r e c t s p e llin g ,
s y lla b ic a t io n , pun ctuation, e t c ., o f te c h n ica l o r unusual w o rd s o r fo r e ig n language m a te r ia l;
and planning layout and typin g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a tis tic a l ta b les to m ain tain u n ifo rm ity and
b a la n ce in s p a cin g . M ay type rou tin e fo r m le tt e r s v a ry in g d e ta ils to suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la ss B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C op y typing fr o m rou gh o r c le a r d r a fts ;
rou tin e typing o f f o r m s , in s u ra n ce p o l ic i e s , e t c .; and settin g up s im p le stan dard ta b u la tion s,
o r co p yin g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y setup and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
D R A F TSM A N — C ontinued

D R A F TSM A N
C la s s A . P la n s the g r a p h ic p r e s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s having d is tin c tiv e d e s ig n
fe a tu r e s that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e s ta b lis h e d d raftin g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c lo s e su p ­
p o r t w ith the d e s ig n o r ig in a to r , and m ay r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n ch a n g e s . A n a ly z e s the
e ffe c t o f ea ch change on the d e ta ils o f f o r m , fu n ctio n , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f c o m ­
ponen ts and p a r ts .
W ork s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a to r fo r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r io r e n g in e e rin g d e te r m in a tio n s .
M ay
eith er p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a r a tio n b y lo w e r le v e l d ra fts m e n .
C la ss B . P e r f o r m s n on routine and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts that r e q u ir e the a p p li­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a rd ize d draw in g tech n iq u e s r e g u la r ly u se d . D uties ty p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e such w o rk a s:
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g draw in gs o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r s h a p e s ,
m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and p r e c is e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s be tw e e n co m p o n e n ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c tu ra l draw in gs f o r c o n s tr u c tio n o f a b u ildin g in clu d in g d e ta il d raw in gs o f fo u n d a tio n s, w a ll
s e c t io n s , flo o r p la n s , and r o o f. U ses a c c e p te d fo rm u la s and m anuals in m aking n e c e s s a r y
com p u tation s to d e te r m in e quantities o f m a te r ia ls to be u s e d , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , str e n g th s ,
s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s in itial in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C om p leted w o rk is c h e ck e d fo r te c h n ica l ad eq u acy.

C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d etail d raw in gs o f s in g le units o r p a rts f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n ,
m a n u fa ctu rin g, o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . T yp e s o f d ra w in gs p r e p a r e d in clu d e i s o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s
(d ep ictin g th r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c la r i f y p o s itio n in g o f

co m p o n e n ts and c o n v e y needed in fo rm a tio n . C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a num ber o f s o u r c e s
and a dju sts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d . S u g gested m ethods o f a p p ro a ch , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a te r ia ls a re given w ith in itial a s s ig n m e n ts . In s tru ction s
a r e l e s s co m p le te w hen a ssig n m en ts r e c u r .
W ork m a y be s p o t -c h e c k e d du rin g p r o g r e s s .
DRAFTSM AN- TRACER
C o p ie s plans and d raw in gs p r e p a r e d b y
o th e r s b y p la cin g tr a c in g cloth o r p a p er o v e r
d raw in gs and t r a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes
not in clu d e t r a c in g lim ite d to p lan s p r im a r ily
c o n s istin g o f stra igh t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d elin ea tion .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r re p e titiv e d raw in gs o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
du rin g p r o g r e s s .

W ork is c lo s e l y s u p e r v is e d

N URSE, IN D U STR IAL (R E G IST E R E D )
A r e g is t e r e d n u rse w ho g iv es n u rsin g s e r v ic e u nd er g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t io n to ill or
in ju re d
e m p lo y e e s o r o th er p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e
i ll o r v u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a
s
fa c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D uties in v olv e a c om b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : G ivin g f ir s t aid
to the ill o r in ju re d ; attending to subsequ ent d r e s s in g of e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k eep in g r e c o r d s
o f patien ts tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a ccid e n t r e p o r t s fo r c o m p e n s a tio n o r oth er p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in
p h y s ic a l exa m in a tion s and health evalu ation s o f ap p lican ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g health e d u ca tion , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , evalu ation o f plant en viron m en t,
o r o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g the h ealth , w e lf a r e , and sa fe ty o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT

C A R P E N T E R , M AIN TE N A N C E

CARPEN TER,

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n tr y duties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and m ain tain in g o o d r e p a ir buildin g
w o o d w o r k and equipm ent such as b in s , c r ib s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t itio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s ,
c a s in g s , and t r im m ade o f w o o d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n ­
ning and la y in g out o f w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tru ctio n s usin g a
v a r ie t y o f ca rp en ter* s h a n d to o ls, p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and stan dard m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ;

m aking stan dard shop com p u tation s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk ; and s e le c t in g m a te r ia ls n e c e s ­
s a r y fo r the w o rk .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk of the m ain ten an ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rou n ded t r a in ­
ing and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d throu gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t train in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .




M AIN TE N A N C E— Continued

2 2
E L E C T R IC IA N , M AIN TE N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )— Continued

P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tra d e fu n ctio n s such as the in s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n ce ,
o r r e p a ir o f equipm ent f o r the g e n e r a tio n , d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : In sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l equipm ent su ch as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o ll e r s , c ir c u it b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , heating u n its, conduit s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n equ ipm en t; w o rk in g fr o m
b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th er s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n o sin g tr o u b le in the
e l e c t r i c a l s y s te m o r equ ipm en t; w o rk in g stan dard com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l equ ipm en t; and u sin g a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c ia n 's h an dtools and m e a s u r in g and
te s tin g in s tru m en ts . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce e l e c t r i c ia n r e q u ir e s rou n ded t r a in ­
ing and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u ivalen t tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

the v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts; and alin ing w h e e ls ,
adju stin g b r a k e s and lig h ts , o r tig h ten in g b o d y b o lt s . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the a u tom otiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n ­
t ic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p era tes and m ain tain s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n o f s ta tio n a r y en gin e s and
equipm ent (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r ic a l) to su p p ly the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h ea t, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s : O p era tin g and m ain tain in g equipm ent
s u ch as s tea m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , ve n tila tin g and r e f r i g ­
era tin g equ ip m en t, s te a m b o i le r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a te r pu m p s; m aking equipm ent r e p a ir s ; and
k eep in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y , te m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l co n su m p tio n . M ay a ls o s u ­
p e r v is e th e s e o p e r a tio n s . H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
en g in eer a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N , ST A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F i r e s s ta tio n a r y b o i le r s to fu r n is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r ,
o r ste a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f ir e b y hand o r o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r gas o r o il b u r n e r ;
and c h e c k s w a ter and s a fe ty v a lv e s . M ay c le a n , o i l, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o i le r r o o m equ ipm en t.
HELPER,

M A IN TE N A N C E TR AD ES

A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c i fi c
o r g e n e r a l duties o f l e s s e r s k ill, su ch as k e e p in g a w o r k e r su p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ;
clea n in g w ork in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and equ ipm en t; a s s is tin g jo u r n e y m a n b y h oldin g m a t e r ia ls o r
t o o ls ; and p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
The kind o f w o rk the
h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tr a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s the h e lp e r is c o n ­
fin ed to su p p lyin g, liftin g , and h old in g m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls and cle a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in
o th e r s he is p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m S p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a rts o f a tr a d e that are
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u ll - t im e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O L R O O M

S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e r a t io n o f one o r m o r e ty p e s o f m a ch in e t o o ls , su ch as jig b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , en gine la th e s , o r m illin g m a c h in e s , in the c o n s t r u c tio n o f
m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , f ix t u r e s , o r d ie s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n ­
ning and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s in g ite m s r e q u ir in g c o m p lic a t e d setups
o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f p r e c is i o n m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; s e le c t in g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o lin g , and o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; and m aking n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm e n ts du rin g o p e r a t io n to
a ch ie v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M ay be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w hen t o o ls n eed d r e s s ­
in g, to d r e s s t o o ls , and to s e le c t p r o p e r co o la n ts and cutting and lu b r ic a tin g o i ls . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u stry w age study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m , in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g shops
a r e ex c lu d e d fr o m this c la s s ific a t io n .
M AC H IN IST, M A IN TE N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m aking r e p a ir s o f m e ta l p a r ts o f m e c h a n ­
ic a l equipm ent o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In te rp re tin g
w ritte n in s tru ctio n s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o rk ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a ­
c h in is t 's h an d tools and p r e c is i o n m e a s u r in g 'in s t r u m e n t s ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g stan dard m a ch in e
t o o ls ; shaping o f m eta l p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m aking stan dard shop com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s , and s p e e d s o f m a ch in in g ; k n ow led ge o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s
o f the co m m o n m e t a ls ; s e le c t in g stan dard m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and equipm ent r e q u ir e d fo r h is w o rk ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into m e c h a n ic a l e qu ip m en t. In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t 's w o rk
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n ded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T EN AN CE )
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g au to m o tiv e equipm ent to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ;
d is a s s e m b lin g equipm ent and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u s e o f su ch han dtools as
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ipm en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts f r o m s to c k ; g rin d in g and adju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in sta llin g




M E C H A N IC , M A IN TE N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent of an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v olv es m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : E x am in in g m a ch in es and m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent to dia g n ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ;
d ism a n tlin g o r p a r tly d ism a n tlin g m a ch in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v olv e the use
o f h a n d tools in s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith ite m s obtained
f r o m s to c k ; o r d e r in g the p r o d u c tio n of a r e p la c e m e n t p art b y a m a ch in e shop o r sending o f the
m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r f o r the p r o d u c tio n o f p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e sh op; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m aking
a ll n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts fo r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk of a m ain ten an ce m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u ir e s rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E x clu d ed f r o m this c la s s if ic a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y
d u ties in v o lv e settin g up o r adju stin g m a c h in e s .
M ILLW R IG H T
In s ta lls new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y equ ipm en t, and d is m a n tle s and in s ta lls m a ch in e s o r
h eavy equipm ent w hen ch an ges in the plant layou t a r e r e q u ir e d . W ork in v o lv e s m os t o f the f o l ­
lo w in g : P lan n in g and la y in g out o f the w o rk ; in te rp re tin g b lu e p rin ts o r oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ; using
a v a r ie t y o f h an dtools and r ig g in g ; m aking stan dard shop com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s ,
stren gth o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v ity ; alin in g and b a la n cin g o f equipm ent; s e le c t in g sta n d ­
a r d t o o ls , equ ip m en t, and p a r ts to be u s e d ; and in s ta llin g and m aintain ing in g ood o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m is s io n equipm ent su ch as d r iv e s and sp e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w ork
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r ic a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
equ ipm en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
P A IN T E R ,

the

m ov in g p a rts

o r w e a r in g s u r fa c e s

of m ec h a n ic a l

M A IN TE N A N C E

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , and fix tu r e s of an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in ­
v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K n ow led ge o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p es of paint r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t
a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r painting b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g putty o r f il l e r
in n ail h o le s and i n t e r s t ic e s ; and app lyin g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M ay m ix c o l o r s , o i ls ,
w h ite le a d , and o th e r paint in g r e d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the
w o rk o f the m a in te n a n ce p a in te r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh
a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ iva le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN TE N A N C E

In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , ste a m , g a s , o r oth er ty p es o f pipe and p ip efittin g s in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : L a yin g out o f w o rk and m e a s u r in g t o l o ­
cate p o s it io n o f pipe fr o m d raw in gs o r oth er w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s o f pipe
to c o r r e c t len gth s w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a ch in e ; th r e a d ­
ing pipe w ith s to c k s and d ie s ; bend ing pipe b y h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
p ip e w ith co u p lin g s and fa s te n in g pipe to h a n g e rs ; m aking stan d ard shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f p ipe r e q u ir e d ; and m ak in g stan dard t e s ts t o d e te r m in e w h eth er
fin is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m ain ten an ce p ip e fitte r r e q u ir e s
rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s p r im a r ily en gag ed in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g buildin g s a n ita ­
tio n o r heatin g s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s the plu m bin g s y s t e m o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t in g ood o r d e r . W ork in v o lv e s : K n ow ledge
o f s a n ita r y c o d e s re g a r d in g in s ta lla tio n o f vents and tr a p s in plum bing s y s te m ; in sta llin g o r r e ­
p a ir in g p ip e s and fix t u r e s ; and open in g c lo g g e d d ra in s w ith a plu n ger o r p l u m b e r 's snake. In
g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m ain ten an ce p lu m b e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M AIN TE N A N C E

F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m ain tain s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t -m e t a l equipm ent and f i x ­
tu r e s (s u ch as m a ch in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n t ila to r s , ch u te s , d u cts ,
m e ta l r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m os t o f the f o llo w in g : Plann ing and laying
out a ll ty p e s o f s h e e t -m e t a l m ain te n a n ce w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ;
se ttin g up and o p e ra tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p es o f s h e e t -m e t a l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y of

23
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M AIN TE N A N C E— Continued

T O O L AND DIE M A K E R — Continued

h an d tools in cutting, be n d in g, fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in sta llin g s h e e tm eta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m ain ten an ce s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s
rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalent
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

u sin g a v a r ie t y o f t o o l and d ie m a k e r ’ s han dtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; u n d e r ­
standing o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and op era tin g of
m a ch in e t o o ls and re la te d equipm ent; m aking n e c e s s a r y shop com pu tation s r e la tin g to d im en sion s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , fe e d s , and to o lin g o f m a ch in e s ; h e a t-tre a tin g o f m eta l p a rts du rin g fa b r ic a tio n
as w e ll as o f fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s to a ch ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; w ork in g to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le c t in g a p p ro p ria te
m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l, the to o l and die m a k e r ’ s w o r k r e q u ir e s a rounded
tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip
o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

T O O L AN D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; jig m a k e r ; t o o l m a k e r ; fix tu r e m a k e r; gage m aker)
C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix tu r e s o r d ie s fo r f o r g in g s ,
pun ch ing, and oth er m e t a l-fo r m in g w o rk .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : Plann ing and
laying out o f w o rk fr o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s, o r o th e r o r a l and w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s ;

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , t o o l and die m a k ers in t o o l and die jo b b in g
shops a r e e x clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .

C STO IA AN M TE IA M M N
U D L D A R L OVE E T
GUARD AND W ATCH M AN

SH IPPIN G AN D RE C E IV IN G CL E R K

G u a rd . P e r f o r m s rou tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e ith e r at fix e d p o s t o r on to u r , m ain tain in g
o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y .
Inclu des gatem en w ho a r e station ed at gate and
c h e c k on id en tity of e m p lo y e e s and o th er p e r s o n s e n te r in g .

P r e p a r e s m e r ch a n d is e f o r sh ipm en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le f o r in co m in g sh ip ­
m en ts o f m e r ch a n d is e o r oth er m a t e r ia ls . Shipping w o rk in v o lv e s : A k n ow ledge o f shipping
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m ean s o f t r a n s p o r ta tio n , and ra te; and p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f the go o d s sh ip p ed , m aking up b ills o f lad in g, p ostin g w eight and shipping c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f ile o f shipping r e c o r d s . M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a rin g the m e r ch a n d is e fo r s h ip ­
m en t. R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c t in g o th e r s in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f
sh ipm en ts a g ain st b ills o f la d in g, in v o ic e s , o r oth er r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c t in g
da m a ge d g o o d s ; rou tin g m e r ch a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d ep a rtm en ts; and m aintain ing n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and f il e s .

th eft,

W atch m an . M akes rou n ds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p r o p e r t y again st f ir e ,
and ille g a l en try.

JA N IT O R ,

PORTER,

OR CLEANER

(S w e e p e r; ch a rw om a n ; ja n itr e s s )
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s if ie d as fo llo w s :
C lea n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r ly co n d itio n f a c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m is e s o f an o f fi c e , apa rtm en t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u ties in v o lv e
a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : S w eep in g, m oppin g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lish in g f lo o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , and oth e r r e fu s e ; dusting equ ipm en t, fu r n itu r e , o r f ix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l fix tu r e s
o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g su p p lie s and m in o r m ain ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; and cle a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w ­
e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c ia liz e in w indow w ashin g a r e e x c lu d e d .
LABORER,

M A T E R IA L HANDLING

(L o a d e r and u n loa d e r; h an d ler and s t a c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; t r u c k e r ; sto ck m a n o r s to c k h e lp e r ; w a r e ­
h ou sem an o r w a re h o u s e h e lp e r)
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m an u factu rin g plant, s t o r e , o r o th e r e sta b lish m e n t
w h ose duties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : L oa din g and un loadin g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and
m e r ch a n d is e on o r fr o m fre ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th er tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; u n p ackin g, sh e lv in g ,
o r p la cin g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r ch a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g m a t e r ia ls o r
m e r ch a n d is e b y h an dtru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r ro w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho load and unload ships are
e x c lu d e d .
ORDER,

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tr u c k w ithin a c ity o r in d u stria l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e r ch a n d is e ,
equ ip m en t, o r m en be tw e e n v a r io u s typ es o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts such a s : M anufacturin g plan ts, fre ig h t
d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r betw een r e ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ’ h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M ay a ls o lo a d o r unload tr u c k w ith o r w ithout h e lp e r s ,
m ake m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k eep tr u c k in g ood w ork in g o r d e r . D r i v e r - s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d b y s iz e and type o f equipm ent,
as f o llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i le r should be ra ted on the b a s is o f t r a ile r c a p a c ity .)

F IL L E R

(O rd e r p ic k e r ; s to c k s e l e c t o r ; w a re h o u s e stockm an)
F ills shipping o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s fr o m s t o r e d m e r ch a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
an ce w ith s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s ’ o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tru ctio n s . M ay, in a d d itio n
to fillin g o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s fille d o r o m itte d , k eep r e c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , r e q u i­
s itio n add ition al s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o rt su p p lie s to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th er re la te d du ties.

T r u c k d r iv e r (co m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d sep a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , ligh t (under IV2 tons)
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (IV 2 to and in clu d in g 4 tons)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a ile r type)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s , oth er than t r a ile r type)

TRUCKER,

PO W E R

P A C K E R , SHIPPING
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c ts fo r shipm ent o r s to r a g e b y p la cin g th em in shipping c o n ­
ta in e r s , the s p e c i fi c o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d b ein g dependent upon the ty p e , s i z e , and n u m b er o f
units to be p a ck ed , the type o f co n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ipm en t. W ork r e q u ir e s the
p la cin g o f ite m s in shipping co n ta in e rs and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n o w l­
edge o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r ify content; s e le c t io n o f a p p ro p r ia te type and s iz e
o f co n ta in e r ; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in co n ta in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p re v e n t
b rea k a g e o r d a m a ge; c lo s in g and s e a lin g c o n ta in e r ; and app lying la b e ls o r e n te rin g iden tifyin g
data on con ta in e r . P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m ake w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x clu d e d .




O p e ra te s a m an u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e l e c t r i c -p o w e r e d tr u c k o r t r a c to r to
tr a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a r e h o u s e , m an u factu rin g plant, o r oth er
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d b y type o f tr u c k , as fo llo w s :
T ru cker,
T ru cker,

p o w e r (fo r k lift)
p o w e r (oth er than fo r k lift)




A v a i l a b l e

O n

R e q u e s t --------

The
eighth annual
r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s
for accoun tan ts,
au ditors,
a t t o r n e y s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u l le t i n 1 5 8 5 , N a t io n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1 9 6 7 .
F i f t y c e n ts
a copy.

Area Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the la test available bulletins is presen ted below . A d ir e c to r y o f area wage studies including m ore lim ited studies conducted at the
requ est o f the Wage and Hour and Public C on tracts D ivision s o f the Departm ent o f L abor is av ailab le on requ est. Bulletins m ay be pu rch ased fr o m
the Superintendent o f D ocu m en ts, U .S . G overnm ent Printing O ffice, W ashington, D. C. , 20402, o r fr o m any o f the BLS region al sa les o ffic e s shown on
the in sid e fron t c o v e r .
A rea
A kron, Ohio, July 1968---------------------------------------------------Albany— ch en ecta d y -T roy , N. Y . , A p r. 1968 1_________
S
A lbu qu erque, N. M ex. , A p r. 19681 -----------------------------Allentown—
Bethlehem — aston, P a .— J. ,
E
N.
F eb. 1967_______________________________________________
Atlanta, Ga. , May 1968 1------------------------------------------------B a ltim ore, Md. , O ct. 1967_____________________________
Beaumont— ort A rthur— range, T e x ., May 1968 1- ___
P
O
Binghamton, N. Y . _______________________________________
B irm ingham , A l a ., A p r. 1968__________________________
B oise City, Idaho, July 19 67____________________________
B oston ; M a s s ., Sept. 1967 1 _________ __________________
B uffalo, N. Y . , D ec. 1967-----------------------------------------------Burlington, Vt. , M ar. 1968-------------------------------------------Canton, Ohio, June 1968*-----------------------------------------------C h arleston , W. Va. , A p r. 19 681— _ ------—------------------C h arlotte, N . C . , A p r. 1968*___________________________
Chattanooga, T en n .—
Ga. , Aug. 1967 ----------------------------C h icago, 111., A p r. 1968-------------------------------------------------Cincinnati, Ohio— y .—
K
Ind. , M ar. 19 6 8 1-----------------------C leveland, Ohio, Sept. 1967-------------------------------------------C olum bus, Ohio, O ct. 1967-—___________________________
D allas, T e x ., N ov. 1967________________________________
Davenport— ock Island— olin e, Iowa—
R
M
111. ;
Oct. 1967____————_____________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 19 6 8 1-----------------------------------------------D enver, C o l o ., D ec. 1 9 6 7 * ____________________________
D es M oines, Iowa, F eb. 1968 1-------.------------------------------D etroit, M ic h ., Jan. 19 6 8 1 -------------------------------------------F o r t W orth, T e x ., N ov. 1967___________________________
G reen Bay, W is. , July 1967— _____________________ ___
G reen v ille, S . C . , May 1968 1______ ____________________
Houston, T e x ., June 1968*_____ ________ —______________
Indianapolis, In d ., D ec. 19 671--------------------------------------Jackson, M is s ., F eb. 19 681------------------------- ----------------J a ck son v ille, F la ., Jan. 1968---------------------------------------K ansas C ity, M o .— a n s ., N ov. 1967 1 ---- --------------------K
L aw rence— averh ill, M a s s .— .H . , June 1968 1— — H
N
L ittle R ock — orth Little R ock, A r k ., July 1967_______
N
L os A n g eles—
Long B each and Anaheim —
Santa A n a Garden G rov e, C a lif., M ar. 1968------------------------------L o u isv ille , K y .—
Ind. , F eb. 1968________________ ____ ___
Lubbock, T e x ., June 1968 1 _____________________ _____
M an ch ester, N. H ., July 1967----------------------------------------M em phis, T en n .— r k ., Jan. 1968 1____________________
A
M iam i, F l a ., D ec. 1Q67 1---------------T
------------ ------------------Midland and O dessa, Tex. , June 19 681------------------------M ilwaukee, W is ., A p r. 1968-------------------------------------------

B ulletin num ber
and p r ic e
1575-84,
1575-68,
1575-58,

35 cents
30 cents
30 cents

1530-53,
1575-71,
1575-18,
1575-75,

25 cents
35 cents
25 cents
30 cents

(N ot previously surveyed)

1575-59,
1575-3,
1575-13,
1575-41,
1575-48,
1575-65,
1575-63,
1575-57,
1575-7,
15 75 -81,
1575-62,
1575-14,
1575-23,
1575-20,

30 cents
20 cents
30 cents
30 cents
20 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
25 cents
50 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1575-12,
1575-51,
1575-38,
1575-52,
1575-45,
1575-22,
1575-5,
1575-66,
1575-82,
1575-36,
1575-49,
1575-33,
1575-30,
1575-74,
1575-2,

25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
30 cents
35 cents
25 cents
20 cents
30 cents
4b cents
30 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents

1575-64,
1575-50,
1575-77,
1575-1,
1575-32,
1575-28,
1575-72,
1575-67,

30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
30 cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea
M inneapolis—
St. Paul, M in n ., Jan. 1968.
M uskegon^M uskegon Heights, M ich ., May 1968 l .
Newark and J e rse y City, N. J . , F eb. 1968 1—
New Haven, C on n ., Jan. 19 681
New O rlean s, L a ., F eb. 1968.
New Y ork, N. Y . , A pr. 1968__-------------.—
N orfolk— ortsm ou th and N ewport News—
P
Hampton, Va. , June 1967 1 __
Oklahoma C ity, O k la ., July 1967-----Omaha, N e b r. —
Iowa, O ct. 1967 1 -------------------Patersonr-C lifton— a s s a ic , N. J. , May 1968 1
P
Philadelphia, P a .— J. , Nov. 1967 1------------ N.
Phoenix, A r iz . , M ar. 19 68 *_______ __________
P ittsburgh, Pa. , Jan. 1968-----------------------------P ortland, M aine, Nov. 1967 1-------------------------P ortland, O r e g .—
Wash. , May 19 681-----------------P rovid en ce—Pawtucket— arw ick, R. I .— ass. ,
W
M
May 1968---------R aleigh, N. C . , Aug. 1967 1
R ichm ond, V a . , Nov. 1967 1 ------------R o c h e ste r , N. Y. (o ffic e occu pation s o n ly )-------R ock ford , 111., May 1968*_______________________
St. L ou is, M o .—
111. , Jan. 1968--------------------------Salt Lake C ity, Utah, D ec. 1967 —
San A ntonio, T ex. , June 1968_______

San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif.
Aug. 1967 1 __
San D iego, C a lif., Nov. 1967 —
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif. , Jan. 1968.
San J ose, C a l i f ., Sept. 1967 1
Savannah, Ga. , May 1968 1 ---------------Scranton, P a ., July 1967 *___________
Seattle— v erett, Wash. , N ov. 1967 1
E
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak. , O ct. 1967 1 ---South Bend, In d ., M ar. 1968 * _ ____—
Spokane, W a sh ., June 1968---------------S y ra cu se, N. Y ., July 1968 1-----Tam pa—
St. P etersb u rg , F la . , Aug. 1967—
T oled o, Ohio— ich. , F eb. 1968.
M
Trenton, N. J . , Nov. 1967
U tica— om e, N. Y.
R
W ashington, D. C . — d .—
M
Va. , Sept! 1967 —
W aterbury, C o n n ., A p r . 19 681
W a terloo, Iowa, N ov. 1967___
W ichita, K a n s., D ec. 1967 —
W o r ce s te r , M a s s ., June 19 6 8 1
Y ork, P a ., F eb. 19 6 8 1Youngstown— arren, Ohio, N ov. 1967
W

B ulletin num ber
and p r ic e
1575-47,
1575-60,
1575-54,
1575-34,
1575-46,
1575-78,

30
30
35
25
30
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1530-82,
1575-4,
1575-21,
1575-83,
1575-40,
1575-55,
1575-44,
1575-16,
1575-80,

25
20
25
40
30
30
30
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-61, 30 cents
25 cents
1575-6,
1575-27, 25 cents
(Not previously surveyed)
1575-70, 30 cents
1575-39, 30 cents
1575-35, 20 cents
1575-69, 30 cents
1575-10, 30 cents
1575-19, 20 cents
1575-37, 25 cents
1575-15, 25 cents
1575-73, 30 cents
25 cents
1575-9,
1575-29, 25 cents
1575-17, 25 cents
1575-56, 30 cents
1575-79, 30 cents
1625-5,
35 cents
25 cents
1575-8,
1575-43, 30 cents
1575-24, 20 cents
(Not previously surveyed)
1575-11, 25 cents
1575-53, 30 cents
1575-26, 20 cents
1575-31, 20 cents
1575-76, 30 cents
1575-42, 30 cents
1575-25, 25 cents

U .S.

D E P A R T M E N T

O F

L A B O R

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

P O S T A G E

A N D

F E E S

P A I D

U . S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R

W ASHING TON, D .C . 20212
O F F I C I A L




B U S IN

E SS

TIRST CLASS MA1L~!
i _____________________________________________________ i


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102