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A re a Wage S u rv e y

The Phoenix, Arizona, Metropolitan Area
March 1967

9
MARI

B u l l e t i n No.

f

C 0 P A

1530-59




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF

LABOR STA TI STI CS




Area Wage Survey

The Phoenix, Arizona, Metropolitan Area




March 1967

Bulletin No. 1530-59
May 1967

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, W ashington, D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 20 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a ti s ti c s p r o g r a m o f annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a ta on o c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y i e l d s d e t a i l e d d a ta b y s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s f o r e a c h
o f the a r e a s s tu d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r the
U n ite d S ta te s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m is
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) the m o v e m e n t of w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , and (2) the s t r u c ­
t u r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s am o n g a r e a s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .
A t the end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t i n p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e ach a r e a studied. A f t e r
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f the i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u lle tin s f o r a
round o f s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle tin is is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d ata f o r e a c h of the m e t r o p o l i t a n
a r e a s stu d ie d in t o one b u l l e ti n . T h e s econd p a r t p r e s e n t s
i n f o r m a t i o n w h i c h has b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d iv id u a l m e t ­
r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a ta to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s and the
U n i te d State s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n _____________________________________________________________ , __________
_
W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _______________________________
T a b les:
1.
2.

A.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s tu d ie d ___________________________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f stan da rd w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ______ ____ _______________
Occupational e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a ti o n s — e n and w o m e n ____________________________
m
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and w o m e n ___
m
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d ______________________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r plant o c c u p a t i o n s ______________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ______________

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _________________________________________

E i g h t y - s i x a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in the
p r o g r a m . I n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s is c o l l e c t e d
an n u a lly in e a c h a r e a . I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c ­
t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is ob ta ined b i e n ­
n i a l l y in m o s t o f the a r e a s .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s of the s u r v e y in
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , in M a r c h 1967.
T he Standard M e t r o p o l ­
ita n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ,
as d e fi n e d b y the B ure au o f the
B u d g e t th ro u g h A p r i l 1966, c o n s i s t s o f M a r i c o p a Coun ty.
T h i s stu dy w a s c o n d u cted b y the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e
in San F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . , M a x D. K o s s o r i s , D i r e c t o r ; b y
A l d i s S i m s o n s , u n d e r the d i r e c t i o n o f W i l l i a m P. O 'C o n n o r ,
R e g io n a l W a ge A n a lyst.




1
3

areas.

* N O T E : S i m i l a r tab u la tion s a r e
( S e e in s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )

U n ion s c a l e s ,
the P h o e n i x a r e a ,
s tr u c ti o n ; p ri n ti n g ;
m otortru ck d riv e r s ,

iii

a vailab le fo r

ot h e r

i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r b u ild in g c o n ­
l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s ; and
h e l p e r s , and a l l i e d o c c u p a tio n s .

2

3

5
7
8
9
10
11




The Phoenix, Ariz., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 of 86 in w h ich the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s con du ct s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e shown f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y schedule
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s data e xc lu d e p r e ­
m i u m p ay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
l a te sh ifts .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b on u s es a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
b on uses and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e inc lu d e d .
W h e r e w e e k l y hours a r e
r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a ti o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the s ta n d ­
ard w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f hour) f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r
o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r and/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s
f o r t h e s e o c c u p a tio n s h a v e b e e n roun ded to the n e a r e s t ha lf d o l l a r .

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t and
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b ta in e d l a r g e l y by m a i l f r o m the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in the la s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a ti o n s r e p o r t e d in that e a r l i e r study. P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n ts and to t h o s e res p o n d e n ts r e p o r t i n g unusual c han ges
s i n c e the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , data a r e obta in ed f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u fa c t u rin g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o th e r public u t i l i t ie s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s .
M ajor
i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e studies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
tio n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s tr i e s .
E stablishm en ts
h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
t h e y tend to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the oc c u p a tio n s studied
to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n . S e p a r a t e ta bulation s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the
b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b li c atio n c r i t e r i a .

The a v e r a g e s p re sen ted r e f le c t co m p o s ite , a reaw id e e s t i ­
m ates.
In du stries
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p ay l e v e l and job
s t a ffin g and, thus, c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r each job.
T h e p ay r e l a t i o n s h i p o b ta in a b le f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a in ta in e d am ong job s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e pay l e v e l s
f o r m e n and w o m e n in any o f the s e l e c t e d oc c u p a tio n s should not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p ay t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s w ith in
in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O th er p o s s ib le fa c to r s w h ich m ay c o n trib ­
ute to d i f f e r e n c e s in p ay f o r m e n and w o m e n inc lu d e : D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly the actual r a t e s
paid i n c u m b e n ts a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c dutie s p e r ­
f o r m e d , alth ough the w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d with in the
s a m e s u r v e y job d e s c r i p t i o n .
Job d e s c r i p t i o n s used in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than th ose used
in in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am on g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d uties p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e condu cted on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e than o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is studied. In c o m b i n i n g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lish m en ts a r e g iven th eir a ppro priate w eight.
Es­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s studied a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the in d u s tr y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e studied.
O c c u p a ti o n s

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to tal in a ll
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the nu m b er a c ­
tually su rvey ed.
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s tr u c tu r e
am on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
tain e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu die d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te
the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the jo b s studied. T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e do not m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
i n g s data.

and E a r n i n g s

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f
m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w ­
ing t y p e s : ( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (Z) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n i c a l ; (3) m a i n ­
te n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4 ) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t . O c ­
c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m set o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s
d e s i g n e d to tak e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u tie s w ith in
the s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e l i s t e d and d e ­
s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix .
T h e e a r n in g s data f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t l e s a r e
f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a tio n s
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w i t h i n o c c u p a ti o n s ,
a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s ta b le s b e c a u s e e i t h e r ( l ) e m p l o y ­
m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t
p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (Z ) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d i v i d u a l e s ­
t a b l i s h m e n t data.




E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in this
b u lle tin .
I n f o r m a t i o n f o r t h e s e tab ula tion s is c o l l e c t e d b i e n n i a l l y in
this a r e a .
T h e s e tab u la tion s on m i n i m u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x ­
p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w e e k l y
h o u r s ; paid h o l i d a y s ; paid v a c a t i o n s ; and health, i n s u r a n c e , and pension
plans
a r e p r e s e n t e d ( in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) in p r e v i o u s b u lle tin s
f o r this a r e a .

1

2




T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r s t u d i e d in P h o e n i x ,
b y m a j o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 M a r c h 1967

M in im u m
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f study

Industry d ivision

A l l d i v i s i o n s ___________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a nd
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 _________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e 6 ------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 6______________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 ______
S ervices 6 7

_

N u m b er o f establish m en ts

A riz. , 1

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W i t h in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

W i t h in s c o p e
o f st u d y 3

S tu di e d

Studied
Number

P ercent

429

124

100, 4 00

100

66, 3 20

50
-

120
309

38
86

48, 200
52, 200

48
52

37,000
29, 3 20

50
50
50
50
50

35
35
129
36
74

16
9
31
14
16

12,000
3, 500
21,900
7, 200
7, 600

12
3
22
7
8

8, 8 60
1, 2 00
11,700
5, 39 0
2, 170

1 T h e P h o e n i x S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , as d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 196 6, c o n s i s t s o f M a r i c o p a C o u n t y .
T h e " w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n i n t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f the s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r
f o r c e in clu d e d in the su r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n ot in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r t h e
a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p l a n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s the u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in
a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a nd (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t i o n o f the S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l and the 1963 S u p p l e m e n t w e r e u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y
in du stry division .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t l e t s ( w i th in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s i n s u c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a ut o r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s i n a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t (w i t h i n th e a r e a ) at o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 T a x i c a b s a nd s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
S e v e r a l e l e c t r i c u tilities (su pp ly in g l e s s than h a lf the e l e c t r i c
c o n s u m p t i o n i n M a r i c o p a C o u n t y ) w e r e p u b l i c l y o p e r a t e d an d e x c l u d e d b y d e f i n i t i o n f r o m the s c o p e o f th e st ud y.
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " an d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s .
Separate presen tation
o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s not m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p l o y m e n t i n the d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a
t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) the s a m p l e w a s not d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , an d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta.
7 H otels; p e r so n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile re p a ir shops; m o tio n p ictu res; nonprofit m e m b e r s h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (ex clu din g re lig io u s
a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; an d e n g i n e e r i n g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

A l m o s t o n e - h a l f o f th e w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y in the P h o e n i x a r e a w e r e
e m p l o y e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g f i r m s .
T h e f o l l o w i n g t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s
an d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u f a c t u r i n g :
Industry groups

S p ecific in du stries

E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y -------------------- 31
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t --------- 17
M a c h i n e r y ( e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ) — 15
F o o d p r o d u c t s ______________________ 9
A p p a r e l _____________________________
6
P r i m a r y m e t a l s ___________________ 5

E l e c t r o n i c c o m p o n e n t s and
a c c e s s o r i e s ---------------------------------- 25
A i r c r a f t and p a r t s ------------------------ 16
O f f i c e , c o m p u t i n g , and
a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s ___________ 12
C o m m u n i c a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ______
5

T his in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e stim a te s o f total em p loy m en t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d p r i o r to actu al su r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n the r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y a s s h o w n i n t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c han ge
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d plant w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e i n d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d (d ate o f the a r e a s u r v e y c on d u cted
b e t w e e n J uly I960 and June 1961).
Su btractin g 100 f r o m the in d e x
y i e l d s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
d ate o f th e i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f chan ge or i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
wage
c h a n ge s b e t w e e n th e in d i c a te d d a te s .
These estim ates are
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; th ey a r e not in ten d ed
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n ge s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .
M e t h o d o f C o m p u tin g

in th e o c c u p a ti o n a l g r o u p . T h e s e c on stan t w e i g h t s r e f l e c t b a s e y e a r
em ploym ents w h e r e v e r p o s s ib le.
T h e a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n in g s f o r
each o c c u p a tio n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n w e i g h t , and the
p r o d u c ts f o r a l l o c c u p a tio n s in the g ro u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
for

2 con secu tive y e a r s w e r e

rela ted

by

d ividin g

the

aggregate for

the l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r es u lta n t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , shows the p e r c e n t a g e c han ge . T h e in d e x
is the p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r the n ext s u c c e e d i n g y e a r and continuing to m u l t i p l y (com poun d)
each y e a r ’ s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s in d e x .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s
f o r th e f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a tio n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u tin g th e w a g e tr e n d s :

E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p atio n s w ith in an o c c u p a ti o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
O ffice clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
O ffice boys and girls

Table 2.

O ffice clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
T ool and die makers

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Phoenix, Ariz. ,
March 1967 and March 1966, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(March 1961=100)

Percents of increase

Industry and occupational group
March 1967

A ll industries:
O ffice clerical (m en and wom en)---------------------Industrial nurses (m en and wom en)--------------------Skilled maintenance (m e n )-------------------------------Unskilled plant (m en)----------------------------------------Manufacturing:
O ffice clerical (men and wom en)----------------------Industrial nurses (m en and w o m e n )------------------Skilled maintenance (m e n )-------------------------------Unskilled plant (m en)-----------------------------------------

Data do not m eet publication criteria.




March 1966

126. 1

119.2

(*>
118.9
122.4

(*)
115.3
117.2

123.6
( J)

117.9
(M

i 1)

123.0

i 1 )

119.7

March 1966
to
March 1967

March 1965
to
March 1966

March 1964
to
March 1965

March 1963
to
March 1964

March 1962
to
March 1963

March 1961
to
March 1962

April 1960
to
March 1961

2.6

5 .8
(!)
3. 1
4 .4

3.3

3.1

3 .4

(M
3 .7
2 .4

i 1 )

2.3
1.8

(M
.9
0

4 .3
2 .0
1. 1
7 .8

3 .8
4 .7
6. 5
4 .2

4 .8
(!)
(!)
2 .8

3 .5
(M
f 1)
3.2

5.0

3 .4

2 .8

(M
(M
2.3

(!)
( X)
5 .6

(M
f 1)
4 .4

1.9
5 .2
0)
2 .9

i 1)

2.8
4 .4

1.9
<M
(M
3 .0

4
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k , e x c l u s i v e
o f e a r n i n g s at o v e r t i m e p r e m i u m r a t e s .
F o r pla nt w o r k e r g r o u p s ,
th ey
m e a s u r e c h an ge s in a v e r a g e
s tra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings,
e x c lu d in g p r e m i u m p ay f o r o v e r t i m e
and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f ts .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r
s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a tio n s and in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t
jo b s w i th i n e a c h g ro u p .
L im itation s

C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e can c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a ti o n a l a v e r a g e s without a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s . It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
that e v e n though a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h a ve d e c l i n e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e xpanded t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila rly, w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n sta n t, y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m ay have risen c o n sid e ra b ly b eca u se h ig h e r -p a y in g e s ta b lish m en ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

o f Data

T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c han ge, as m e a s u r e s o f
c han ge in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d by:
( l ) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w age changes,
(2 ) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p ay r e c e i v e d by
in d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n ge s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h an ge s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c han ges in the p r o p o r ­
tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d by e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h d i f f e r e n t pay l e v e l s .




T h e use o f const ant e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b
i n c lu d e d in the data. T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h an ge r e f l e c t o n l y c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e pay f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d by
c h an ge s in sta n da rd w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as suc h, o r b y p r e m i u m pay
f o r o v e r t i m e . Data w e r e a d ju s te d w h e r e n e c e s s a r y to r e m o v e f r o m
th e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e any s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5
A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s studied on an a re a b a s i s
b y in du st r y d i v is i o n , P hoe nix , A r i z . , M a r c h 1967)
Weekly earnings1
( standard)

Sex,

o ccu pation,

Number
of
workers

and ind u stry d iv isio n

Average
weeklyhours1
( standard)

N u m b e r of w o rk e rs
$

Median 2

36

40.5

$
110.00

$ rt/
1 0 4 .j0

$

40.0

113.50

116.50

44
38

/ r*

n

102.00

' 0

0

103.50
9 9 .5 0

no n m a n u fa c t u r in g

——— —— —— ——-------

$

$

receiving
$

(

stra ig h t-tim e w ee k ly earnings
$

$

$

$

of—
$

$

S

$

S

$

$

101.50

42
33

40.0
4 0.0

6 6.50
6 3.50

63.50
62.00

5 9 .0 0 5 8 .5 0 -

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

1 15

120

125

1 30

1 35

140

145

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

10 0

105

110

115

120

12 5

130

135

140

145

over

9

3
,

,

2
2

3

-

-

and

$

7

9 2 .0 0 8 9 .0 0 -

31

$

$

an d
under

Middle range 2

50
MEN

$

3

45
Mean2

$

$

1

106.50 -1 2 3.50
2
2

105.00
104.00
5
3

12

75.50
67 .5 0

13

11

1
1

9

.

1

1

4

3
3

2
2

7
g

3
5
4
4

17
17

1

1

5

WOMEN
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE

OPERATORS,
a^
3o . 5

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE

^
2 .UU

94*00

96*50

AO t ? u — 0 9 * 5 U
0 7 P A * 7 C CA
09 f U U * o o » U U
7 ^ n n - 7 7 nn

7 6 .0 0

72.50

6 8 .0 0 -

* 29
on
r t acc
tLAbo

a
A

n i rni/r
c»i f
r t acr
GlrK ^oi
rlL tf
ULAOo
A Ur* “ AINU r AC T iUK tIINb
l
N n. A M A Ml 1C I t 1 i n M C

103

00

1 0 3 50
104.50

1 na
'
8

n
2n . n
0

108.00
9 8.00

1AA

2n r
2n n
20 n
4n .0

an * nn
on . 0 0
9 8 nn

n ? * An
4
92*00

39.5

76 .5 0

7 3.00

39.5

69 .5 0

o
D

32

—

o
u

nL C K>Kf i r t i t f
pI L p
r L a OO
t pf A O
I i hcc
n m u»M iir i
unTMO
INUl\nAINUr ArtT1UK 1 INb

no* A
Jo . 5
40 ^

—
^

n
A r m l u 1 JlNb* r iAaor o
r
t lt t m N b f A t trU U i x r n t r
K ts r
H
U AhillC A t i UK lfNU
W A h U r A C T l i n T Mr*
*
i lHMUAMllC A t 1UK T Mf*
INUNrl A INU r APTI IQ I INo
m i n L 11 U 1 t i 1 1 l r f
1
r Un i T «- 1 t 11 i T T o o S

102.50
84.00

V

r
t

r i K vc
t L tc nIi/ O f

nnnco
UKUtr

—

"" ——————————

45

56

—————————————————————

r L c n i / c f n Av n o i L
t i t Kl \b
r i t K UL i
Liihiiir i t UK 1NO
r AIMUr A r tIu n n i r

~ ~
————————
——————— — — ——————

NO N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

--------------------------------------

r n u r muu i : t iccn
t u n y i ne
k n k cn A T n n o
u nr ka i urc
MHKIM A A 1C A r l U K i Mr
ll
INUlNWAiNUr A t Tl IDlT N b

————————
~

--------------------------------------

is r Y m I i t n U r c d a t oi d c
M r w r U uV r u n n C r A I U H o t r L A o o d ———————
t i acc D
A a NU r i t ii n r n r
d
W Am i i r Ar T1 UK I N b ——————— — ———— ———
K i n i ii iK i ii c A t T i m r INb ——— ———————————
INUINn AINUr A r 1Ut> 1 m r*
rrrr.rT »n rrp4
a t t r t 1A K l t o
^ ^~
* ■ -1
*
,
u A r U r A r t iUK TKir ——————— ——————————
n AMiicr a t 1 in I N b
i i L N W A N U r a /* l U K r Air
I Vn u i a kiiir A L Ti in I N b ———— ——————
——

S ee fo o t n o t e s

at end o f t a b le .




39 *0

40.0

Jo

4 0 .0

9 1.00

40 *0

40*0
4 0 .C

1A 1

2n

84*50

1

60 * 00

An
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1

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8 4 .0 0-1 0 0 .0 0

83*50

q
oiaUU *
l nn.
*7 Oa D U *
r Q An.

95*00
79 .0 0

93*00
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7 . 0

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0

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99*00

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5
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in*

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24

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 8 .5 0

1J
14

3

l?

9
2

13

2

17

f I
A

7

1

75

23

5

2

3

9
51

55

23

32

14

in
10

14

19
7

-

-

1

1
1

9
-

2

*

2

11

32
18
14

29

14
~
L
'

i J
12

2

2

2

35

28
21

31
_
9

12
12

1
2

l
l

7

11
1

i
i

i0
1n
2
2

2

26

11

4

12

8
18

5

14

12
25

21

19

~
2 1

1
18

34
30

1

1

25

1

1

32
8

85
28

25

24

57

*

9

u

28
16
12

4

7

4

10

7
7

1
1

2
1
1

2
2

1
1

124
64

86
47

72
46

60

39

26

20

13

10

2

£

2

20

7
2
5

-

1
1
-

2
2

X1

30
2

1
1
1

1

8

3

3

in
10

l

1
4

2

35

15
15

*
“
*

in
10

17

9

~

12

10

9

4

30
19

2
~

2

5

8

*
-

1
1

17
2

2

f t
A

1

84 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
QA An
O^aO' J

o Ua 9U . Ii i *a a a h
i f 9U
7n A n
0 9 D n . 1 1 9 UU
9 9 * A U * 1 1o • nn

_

5
~

32

1

Q9 A n . OA An
o 2 * 9 U ~ 9 o • 9U
q O U J . iU U
nn
Oq a n n * i n n # U U
83.50

_

10

o o cU
9 o • 9n
QG An
Ot * 9U

7 5 .5 0 -

2
~

27

1

8 3 .0 0 -1 0 0 .5 0
Q 9 n n . I n 9 nn
O c a UU*“ i U 9 • UU

1 ,132
n

~
27

3®

3

aq
OOaln n
/U

79 .5 0

2n

27

7
24

q
IQ

co * 9 n .
90 c U
c u nn
D *7 U U .

n

2n. n
40

24

1

67.00

89*50

1

1

7 4 .0 0 - 9 2 .5 0
ql
A n . 9c nn
Oi a P U * q9 *U U
A f c n « o 7 cn
O 7a P U * 0 o # ? U
qn
o a # n n * i ^ i * 5An
UU. i9i
U

8 8 .0 0

25

1

87 .5 0
7 a nn
fH**UU

91.50

124
59

564

9 8 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

a a

25
5
1

o a n n —1 19 An
9 o *UU~JLJLa * D U

92.50

60*00

40 .5

42
55

6
“

84 .0 0

6 4 .5 0 a *
a nn.
o3»U U*

———

^rvn i l ir n n r co athd c
r i acc a
I x c Y riU Av U u U n t n P I U K o i t L A o o A ———————
a a n1 r * t i in 11Mb
j
r» A a1 i r A p t1 UK t m o — ——— — —————— ———
U
N C N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

9

OPERATORS,

u a mi ic A r n i n t m c
PlflrlUr A t 1 U r I N b
m n n UA h m r i r r i m T u r
N L r nA I\ Ur A t 1U r 1 iNt
nLcK K b* Ar t U U N l lN b t
A t r mifciT n i r
L c n is c
m A M i i c A r T i i n r m r*
r ArVUr A t 1 U ^ 1INo
hlOMU AAIIIC AO 1UK 1
INUvNH AIN\Jr A t TIID T INb

1
1

0

U.

2

10
10

1
1
1

130
56
74

70
3

75
43
32

48
26

46
27

58
45

22

19

13

20
9

1
1

1
1

30
23
7

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a re a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r c h 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
Sex, oc c up a t io n, and ind ust ry di v is i o n

workers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g straight - t i m e w e e k l y e a rn i n g s of—
$

Average
weekly
(standard)

$
45

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
50

t

55

$

60

$

$

65

70

$
75

$
80

$

$

85

90

$

*
95

100

$

$
105

110

$
115

$
120

$
125

S
130

$

$
135

14 0

and
unde r

145
and

50

WOMEN -

SECRETARIES4 -

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

over

-

-

-

-

-

-

l
-

1
1

3
3

4
-

6
6

"

-

2
2

7
5

7
7

5
3

2
2

4
4

-

4
3

CONTINUED

CONTINUED
$
39.5 116.50
39. 5 118.50

$
119.50
121.00

$
$
9 7.5 0-12 9.0 0
9 9.5 0-13 2.0 0

197
82
115
57

4 0.0
40.0
40.0
4 0.0

112.50
109.50
114.50
120.50

113.50
110.00
116.50
121.50

1 02.50-125.50
9 9.5 0-12 2.5 0
1 04 .00 -1 27 .50
1 1 2 .00 -1 30 .00

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

42 8
236
192

40.0
4 0.0
40.0

103.50
108.00
98.00

9 9.50
102.50
96.50

9 3.0 0-11 1.0 0
9 5.5 0 -1 1 7 .0 0
9 1 .0 0-10 5.5 0

_
-

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

461
240
221

40.0
40.0
40.0

96.50
104.50
38.00

93.00
102.50
88.00

9 5.5 0-10 6.0 0
8 9.5 0-11 9.0 0
3 1 .5 0 - 95.00

-

_
-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------------

291
92
199
92

40.0
40.0
39.5
4 0.C

8 3.50
89.50
80.50
89.00

83.00
88.50
78.00
8 7 . 50

7 2.503 3 . CO7 0.0 07 8.5 0-

-

_
-

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

4 59
27 4
185

40.0
40.0
40.0

9 4.00
98.00
38.50

92.50
94.50
87.50

8 6 .0 0-10 3.5 0
9 0.0 0-10 7.0 0
8 0.0 0-10 0.5 0

_
-

SWITCHBflARO OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

40
32

40.0
4 0.0

92.50
90.50

92.50
89.00

8 5 .0 0-10 2.5 0
8 3 .0 0 - 98.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

126
120

43.0
43.0

65.50
64.50

65.00
64.50

49.5 04 9.0 0-

SWITCHBOARD CPERATCR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUF ACTU RING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

144
62
82

40.0
40.0
4 0.0

78.00
80.00
76.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

106
67

39.5
39.0

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

409
201
207

40.0
4 0 .G
39.5

SECRETARIES* CLASS A ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

46
36

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUF ACTURING-------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 1 4
3
2 ---------------------------

_
-

-

_
-

14
12
2

3
3

11
7
4
3

10
2
8

25
9
16
4

24
11
13
5

18
11
7
6

22
6
16
9

20
9
11
7

24
9
15
10

13
2
11
4

8
1
7
7

_
-

5
3
2
2

-

_
-

1
1

5
5

15
15

33
14
19

84
38
46

88
52
36

51
30
21

37
21
16

33
18
15

24
13
11

16
12
4

5
4
1

6
6
~

8
8

1
1

21
19
2

1
1

_
-

1
1

24
24

26
7
19

55
16
39

91
42
49

59
26
33

36
16
20

48
25
23

25
15
10

19
17
2

22
22
-

5
5
“

12
12

37
37
“

-

-

- ■

“

3
3
-

27
27
“

21
21
1

42
8
34
8

32
7
25
17

38
15
23
10

38
23
15
11

25
14
11
3

40
13
27
25

10
6
4
“

5
5
-

1
1
"

1
1
“

8
1
7
7

-

“

_
“

“

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

11
11

50
23
27

87
48
39

90
74
16

34
27
7

56
26
30

27
22
5

27
21
6

21
19
2

8
3
5

1
1

-

-

-

“

17
17

11
11

-

19
19

_

_

_

_

_

4
3

8
2

1
1

2
1

2
2

-

“

5
5

_

-

8
8

-

“

5
5

-

-

2
2

-

“

3
3

75.00
74.00

36
36

_

10
10

17
17

22
22

10
7

7
6

13
13

3
3

_

~

3
1

-

-

4
4

-

"

79.00
81.50
74.50

6 9 .5 0 - 84.50
7 5 .5 0 - 84.50
6 5 .5 0 - 35.00

_
-

7
7

_
-

19
6
13

12
5
7

21
4
17

18
10
8

34
24
10

17
7
10

_
-

6
2
4

7
3
4

1
1
”

88.00
81.50

87.50
8 2.50

3 0 .0 0 7 5 .5 0-

98.50
87.50

_

_

_

8
8

6
6

2
2

10
10

15
15

23
21

9
1

10

12

2
"

5
~

-

77.50
84.50
7 1.00

78.00
8 3.50
69.00

6 8 .5 0 - 84.50
8 0 .0 0 - 8 9.00
6 5 .0 0 - 73.50

_
-

48
48

67
67

51
2
49

54
45
9

94
80
14

38
32
6

15
14
l

30
25
5

2
2

1
1

93.50
96.00
91.00
97.50

-

“

-

-

_
-

5
5

~

3
3

“

“

1
1

-

-

~

-

-

~

~

2
2

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

~

-

-

-

-

“

“
-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

1 Standard h ou r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th eir re g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s (e x c l u s i v e of pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the ea r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to thes e w e e k l y ho ur s.
2 The m e a n is co m p u t e d f o r e a ch jo b by totaling the e a rn in gs o f all w o r k e r s and div iding by the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
The m e di an d e s i g n a t es p o s i t i o n — ha lf of the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
than the rate shown; half r e c e i v e l e s s than the rate shown. The m id d l e rang e is de fi ne d b y 2 ra te s of pay; a four th of the w o r k e r s ear n le s s than the l o w e r o f t h e se ra t e s and a fou rt h e a r n m o r e than the
hi gh er rate.
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o th e r public util iti es.
4 M a y in clu de w o r k e r s o th e r than tho se p r e s e n t e d s e p ar at e ly .




Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r c h 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, o cc u p a t io n , and in du str y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g str aight-■time w e e k l y ea rn in gs o f —
$

%
weekly
hours1
( standard)

90
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

95

$

$

$
100

105

$
110

$
115

$

$
120

125

$
130

$

$
135

140

t

t

$
145

150

155

$
160

$
165

$
170

and
under

175
and

95

100

-

-

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

*7 5

over

-

8

MEN

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING —

102
97

40.0
40.0

$
158.00
158.00

$
156.00
156.00

$
$
1 4 7 .00 -1 63 .50
1 47 .00 -1 64 .00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING —

120
117

40.0
40.0

143.00
143.00

139.00
138.50

1 2 4 .00 -1 53 .50
1 23 .50-154.00

_

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING -

100
87

40.0
40.0

106.50
104.00

1C4.00
102.50

97.5 0-11 3.0 0
9 6.0 0-10 8.5 0

20
20

28
27

40.0
40.0

121.50
122.00

121.00
122.50

1 13 .00 -1 32 .00
1 1 3 . 0 0 - 1 3 2 . CO

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

l
1

1
1

4
4

6
6

8
7

13
13

14
13

23
21

10
10

7

6
6

8
8

15
14

8
7

8
8

_

2
2

8
8

3
3

14
14

-

_

“

“

4
4

13
13

6
6

9
9

10
9

14
14

6
6

11
11

24
24

17
15

6
5

7
5

5
1

1
1

4
1

5
4

2
2

9
8

3
3

2
2

3
3

7
7

1
1

WOMEN

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

1 Stan dar d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r wh ic h e m p l o y e e s
e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e se w e e k l y h o u r s.
2 F o r d e fi ni t io n o f t e r m s , se e footno te 2, table A - l .




receive

th eir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t im e

s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pa y

f o r o v e r t i m e at

1
1

regular a n d /or prem ium rates),

and the

8
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r c h 1967)
Average

O c c u p a t io n and in dus tr y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------NCNMANUF ACTURING-------------------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUF ACTURING--------------------------------

57
38

132
31

101

40.5
39.5
40.5

80.50
94.00
7 6.50

223

101
122

4 0.0 104.00
4 0 . C 109.50
9 9.50
40.5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING --------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 1 ----------2

417
154
263
36

4 0.0
4 0.0
40.0
40.0

85.50
9 0.5 0
83.00
101.00

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING —

72
51

39.5
39.5

76.00
6 9.50

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING -

88
57

39.5
39.0

6 3.0 0
60.00

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

106
75

40.5
40.5

9 9.00
89.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING •

102
45
57

4 0.0
4 0.0
40.0

9 2.0 0
93.50
91.50

77
54

40.0
40.0

88.00
8 4.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

184
125
59

4 0.0
4 0.0
40.0

89.50
9 5.00
79.00

Weekly

-

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED
137
61
76

4 0.0
40.0
40.0

$
79.50
83.50
76.50

OFFICE BOYS ANO GIRLS----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

50
37

40.0
40.0

67.50
64.00

SECRETARIES3------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1,1 3 2
568
564

40.0
40.0
40.0

103.00
107.00
9 9.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

46
36

39.5
39.5

116.50
118.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------

197
82
115
57

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

112.50
109.50
114.50
120.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

4 28
2 36
192

40.0
40.0
40.0

103.50
108.00
9 8.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

461
240
221

40.0
40.0
40.0

9 6.50
104.50
88.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 2 ---------------------------

291
92
199
82

40.0
40.0
39.5
4 0.0

83.50
89.50
80.50
89.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

459
274
185

40.0
40.0
40.0

9 4.00
9 8.00
88.50

s t r a i g h t - t im e

Average

O cc u pa t io n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1 Standard h o ur s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r wh ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th eir r e g u l a r
c o r r e s p o n d to the se w e e k l y h o u r s.
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and oth er pu blic u til iti es.
3 M a y inclu de w o r k e r s o th e r than t hos e p r e se n t e d se p a r a t e l y.




of

(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
$
39.5 104.00
9 7.00
3 9.5

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -----NCNMANUFACTURING -----------

Average
Number

O cc u p a t io n and in du str y d i v is i o n

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARD 0FERAT0RS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

40
32

4 0.0
4 0.0

$
92.5 0
9 0 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

141
135

42.5
4 3.0

6 5.50
64.5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

144
62
82

40.0
4 0.0
40.0

7 8.00
80.00
7 6.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------------

25

4 0.0

122.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

108
69

39.5
3 9.5

8 9.00
8 3.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

414
2 04
21 0

40.0
4 0.0
39.5

77.5 0
8 4.5 0
71.0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

103
98

40.0
4 0.0

158.00
158.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

124
121

4 0.0
40.0

1 42.50
142.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

101
88

4 0.0
4 0.0

1 06.00
104.00

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

29
28

40.0
4 0.0

1 22.00
1 22.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of pay f o r o v e r t i m e

at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m

rates),

and the ea rn i n gs

9
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r c h 1967)
Hourly earnings 1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly ea rn in gs of
$

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

$

$

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

(
2 .9 0

1
$
21 .00 3 . 1 0

$

2 .2 0

$
2 . 70 2 . 8 0

$

2 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 . 30 3 . 4 0

3 . 50 3 . 6 0

$
$
$
3 . 70 21.80 3 . 9 0

$
$
4 .0 0 4 .2 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 . 80 2 . 9 0

1.0 0
i

21. 10 3 . 2 0

3 .3 0

3 . 40 3 . 5 0

3 . 60 3 . 7 0

3 . 80 2) , 9 0 4 . 0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

1
1

6
6

-

1
1

1
1

4
4

1
1

18
18

-

-

7

-

-

12
12

8
3

2
2

3
3

17
17

1
1

4
4

31
31

34
34

3
3

22
22

49

_

_

12
12

2

4
4

_
-

19

7
7

_
-

4
4

8
8

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_

_

$

48
32

$
3.5 2
3 .5 7

$
3.71
3 .7 1

$
3 .1 4 3 .4 3 -

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

186
132

3 .7 4
3 .5 9

3 .7 5
3 .6 8

3 .5 9 - 4.1 1
3 .3 8 - 3 .7 8

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

90
35
55

3.1 5
3.4 1
2.98

3 . 10
3.53
2 .7 7

2 .7 5 - 3 .4 9
3 .0 8 - 3 .7 9
2 .6 9 - 3 .4 3

_

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

107
72

2 .5 1
2.5 7

2 .5 6
2 .5 8

2 .2 4 2 .5 2 -

2 .8 2
2 .8 3

6
6

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

49
49

3.4 1
3.4 1

3 .3 6
3 .3 6

3 .3 1 3 .3 1 -

3 .5 9
3 .5 9

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

98
81

3 .7 1
3 .6 6

3 .7 9
3 .6 9

3 .6 2 3 .6 1 -

3 .8 7
3 .8 4

_

-

“

"

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------------

139
28
111
94

3 .3 7
3.2 6
3.4 0
3 .4 4

3 .2 9
3 .2 6
3.32
3.62

3 .0 8 3 .2 1 3 .0 7 3 .0 6 -

3 .8 9
3 .3 6
3 .9 2
3 .9 3

_

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

182
182

3 .4 3
3.4 3

3 .4 3
3 .4 3

3 .3 0 3 .3 0 -

OILERS ------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

44
44

2 .7 0
2 .7 0

2 .8 3
2 .8 3

27

3 .1 6

87
87

3 .7 9
3 .7 9

PAINTERS,

MAINTENANCE ----------------------------

_

_

_

_

1
1

“

16
6

1

11

1

-

$

$

_
-

1

12

1

19

2

l

1

12

19

1

30
30

-

11
6

23
22

4

-

-

-

-

6

2

-

-

19

_

_

-

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_
~

10
10
-

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3.4 8
3.4 8

_

-

-

_

2 .5 4 2 .5 4 -

2 .9 1
2 .9 1

_

5
5

_

3 .0 7

3 .0 1 -

3 .5 7

-

-

-

3 .7 3
3 .7 3

3 .6 4 3 .6 4 -

3.9 6
3 .9 6

ho l id a y s ,

_

3

22
22

_

5
5

5
5

_

4
4

2
2

_

-

1
1

5
5

-

4
4

4
4

24
24

6
6

34
34

_

14

-

_

_

16

34

_

_

-

5
5

1

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_

7
7

-

15
15

-

-

-

14
10

6
6

-

-

-

_

_

_

6
6

3
3

_

-

-

5

8
3
5

-

37
14
23
16

5
5

10
10

23
23

22
22

12

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

2
2

4
4

11
11

16
16

-

and late shifts.

1

87
87

5
5

-

-

3

-

-

-

1
1

-

“

11
11

4
4

-

14

3
3

1
1

14
2
12
12

6

4
4

_

-

_

_
~

“

“

-

_

-

“

-

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pa y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w ee ke nd s,
2 F o r def in i t io n o f t e r m s , se e fo ot not e 2, table A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o the r public util iti es.




-

$

and
und er

CARPENTERS* MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------- 1
3
2

$
3 .7 8
3.7 6

$
2 .00

$

2 .0 0
Mean2

$

2 .1 0

O cc u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

2
2

5
5

35
35

3
3

13
13

34
34
_

-

3
3

3
3

5

-

-

12
12

16
16

_

10
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r c h 1967)
Hourly earnings 2

$
1 .0 0

Number

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and in du st r y di v is i o n
workers

M ean 3

M edian 3

Middle range 3

$

$

$

2 .0 2
2 .7 6
1 .A 7

1 .4 6 2 .A 71 ,A 3-

2 .7 5
3.1 1
1.57

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

1 A3

2.7 3

2 .7 6

2 .5 1 -

872
251
621

1 .6 6
2. 15
I.A6

1 .5 A
2 .2 6
1 .A 8

1 .A 3 1 .9 6 1 .3 3 -

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMENI -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

A31
A15

1 .A 2
l . 38

1 .A 6
1 .A 6

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

73A
275
A59

2 . AO
2 .A 1
2 . AO

ORDER
FILLERS -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

174
1AA

PACKERS. SHIPPING -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

$
1 .A 0

$

$
1 .6 0

(

1 .5 0

1 . 70 1 . 8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2.0 0

$
2 .1 0

2 .2 0

$
2.3 0

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .A 0

1.5 0

1.60

1.70

1 . 80 1 . 9 0

2 .0 0

2.1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

6

-

-

-

2
2

1A
1A

20
15
5

24
7
17

33
2A
9

$

3.1 1

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

$
1.3 0

S

$
$
2 . AO 2 . 5 0

$
2 .60

$
2 .8 0

$
3 .0 0

$

$

3 .2 0

3 . AO 3 . 6 0

2 . AO 2 . 5 0

2 .60

2 .80

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 . AO 3 . 6 0

12
10
2

15
13
2

35
3A
1

1A
12
2

A7
A7
~

$

$

3 .8 0

3 .8 0

A . 00

$

2 .1 0
2.71
1 .5 A

$
1 .2 0

and
under
1.1 0

317
150
167

$
i.1 0

A

-

-

A

-

-

-

-

A

~

1 .9 3
2 .3 7
1 .5 8

8
8

27
27

1 .2 5 1 .2 A -

1 .5 A
1 .5 A

_

-

2 . AO
2.51
2 .2 6

2 .1 2 2 .2 7 2 .0 9 -

2 .8 1
2 .6 5
2 .9 6

2 .7 6
2 .7 6

3 .0 0
3 .0 2

2 .6 A 2 .6 0 -

3 .0 7
3 .0 7

_

_

-

-

67
67

2 .5 2
2 .5 2

2 .6 A
2 .6 A

2 .3 9 2 .3 9 -

2 .6 8
2 .6 8

_

_

-

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

70
52

2.5A
2 .A 8

2.5 A
2.A 8

2 .3 1 2 .2 9 -

2 .9 3
3 .0 2

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

SHIPPING ANC RECEIVING CLERKS ----------

113

2 .5 2

2 .6 A

2 .3 1 -

2 .6 8

-

*

TRUCKDRIVFR S 4 --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 5---------------------------

1,3 9 8
5A0
858
ADA

2 .9 8
3.0 8
2 .9 2
3 .3 1

3 .2 6
3 .3 2
3 .0 8
3 .3 5

2 .5 8 2 .9 2 2 .A 6 3 .3 2 -

3 .3 7
3 .5 3
3.3 5
3 .3 7

TPUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

156
67

2 . 18
2 .2 0

2 .2 3
2 .2 1

2 .1 3 1 .8 3 -

2 .2 8
2 .6 8

_

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 5---------------------------

535
88
AA7
295

2 .9 7
2.30
3.1 1
3 .3 0

3 .3 1
1 .9 8
3 .3 2
3.3 A

2 .8 3 1 .9 1 2 .8 6 3 .3 2 -

3 .3 5
2 .6 3
3 .3 6
3 .3 7

_

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 5---------------------------

A ll
251
109

3.20
2 .9 8
3 .3 3

3 .3 3
3 .0 9
3 .3 5

3 .0 5 2 .3 9 3 .3 3 -

3.5A
3 .3 5
3 .3 8

TRUCKFRS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

106
97

2 .8 2
2 .8 5

2 .7 7
2 .7 7

2 .6 5 2 .7 1 -

3 .0 2
2 .9 9

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

-

11
-

11A

6

118
118

10
10

203
1A
189

157
7
150

31
11
20

66
10
56

96
96

22
22

6
6

1A2
1A2

129
129

12
11

2
2

_

_
-

-

52
AO
12

28
A
2A

22
22

16
16

2
2

9
9

1

-

11

5
A
1

7
6
1

A
A

3
3
~

-

-

-

~

~

-

15

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

_

_

A

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

1
1
~

-

~

-

-

2

8

_

2

2

1

_

_

_

_

_

6A
20
AA

10
10

171
7
164

65
6A
1

39
37
2

79
71
8

60
10
50

99
21
78

25
25

-

_
-

_
-

-

6
6

5
5

_

_

-

-

13
12

85
81

A
A

-

-

36
11

_

-

12
12

_

-

_

6
6

7
7

1
1

A
A

_

A6
A6

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

A
1
3

1

7
5

7
7

7
7

12
8

3
1

A

17
15

_

-

-

7

-

-

9

6

7

A

2

1

69

A

10
9
1
~

8
8

9
5
A
~

3A
29
5
”

36
30
6
“

_

41
1A
27
~

98
12
86

68
8
60

28
3
25
~

18
A
1A
“

15
1A
1
1

1 A3
18
125
5

9
9

_

5
5

13
9

”

23
10

78
12

“

8
8

11
11

_

21
20
1

11
A
7

-

8
8

-

-

A
3
1
1

127
2
125
5

_

_

A

1

A

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

A

1

A

-

~

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

”

A
A

-

A
A

-

6

30
30
-

-

”
_

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

4

_

-

-

_

60
60
-

3
3

_

_

18
A
1A

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

22
22

_

41
41

-

•

6

-

-

-

-

~

_

A7

8
8

-

.

_

12

1
1

-

_

_

34

11
10
1

-

~

-

13

2A
2A

8
8

_

_

-

10

77
71
6

1
1

~

-

A

3A
28
6

7
7

1
-

2

33
33
“

-

_

~

“

A

6
3
3

“

-

-

1 Data li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s ex ce p t w h e r e o t h e r w i s e in dic ate d.
2 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , ho l id a y s , and late shift s.
3 F o r de fi ni tio n o f t e r m s , se e fo ot not e 2, tabl e A - l .
4 In cludes all d r i v e r s , as def ine d, r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and type o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .
5 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o th e r pu bl ic ut il it ie s.




11A

A

12
12

1A9
68
81
~

521
12 A
397
396

_

_

-

-

-

5

-

-

18
18
-

30
30

168
15A
1A
2

_

-

65
65

9
A

-

_

~

-

-

“

_

297
7
29 0
289

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

1A6
107
107

8A
11
2

18
-

30

_

18
18

_

~

_

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose o f preparing jo b descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are em ployed under a variety o f payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea com parability o f occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billin g operations. For wage study purposes, billers, m achine, are
classified by type o f m achine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge o f and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure o f the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution o f debit and credit items to be used in each
phase o f the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, m achine (billing machine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (M oon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc. , which are
com bination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, e tc . Usually involves application o f predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which m ay or may not be computed on the billing m achine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by m achine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies o f the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.

Class B. Keeps a record o f one or more phases or sections o f
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine).
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c . , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part o f the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry o f figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number o f vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge o f bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections o f a complete set
o f books or records relating to one phase o f an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
11

12

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations.
May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This jo b does not
require a knowledge o f accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
o f varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, e tc.
May
also file this material. May keep records o f various types in con ­
junction with the files. May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing o f material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g « , alphabetical, chronological, or num erical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerica l and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled , keep file o f orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, tim e,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
m atical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type o f clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a C om p­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies o f typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers' orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com bina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
lev el keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

13

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
o f coding skills and the making o f some determinations, for exam ple,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
inform ation from several documents; and searches for and interprets
inform ation on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B.
Under close supervision or following sp ecific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards.
May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting o f data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor o ffice machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-d ay work
activities o f the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a m ini­
mum o f detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most o f the follow ing: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c ) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m em ­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks o f comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge o f o ffice
routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work o f the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples o f positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not m eet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c ) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group o f professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more com plex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical o f secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
follow ing, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policym aking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
"v ice president, " though normally indicative o f this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. V ice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes o f applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman o f
the board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but
fewer than 25, 000 persons; or
c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate
officer level) o f a major segment or subsidiary o f a company that employs,
in all, over 25, 000 persons.
Class B
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman o f the
board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or

14

SECRETARY— Co nti nue d

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the officer level)
over either a m ajor corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
o f a company that employs, in all, over 5 ,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scien tific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head o f a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor o f an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over, 25, 000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
follow ing: Work requires high degree o f stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge o f general business and o ffice procedures
and o f the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
a.
Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responfiles, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one o f the sp ecific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing sim ple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incom ing m ail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this lev el
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range o f organizational echelons; in others, only one or
d.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level o f o fficia l) that employs, in all, over 5 ,000
persons; or

two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level o f o fficia l) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.
Class D
a.
Secretary to the supervisor or head o f a small organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b.
Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
em ployee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level o f supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar m achine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class A . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or o ffice calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles com plex calls, such as conference,
co lle ct, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a fu ll-tim e assignment.
('’Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g. , because o f overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
Class B. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or o ffice calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited telephone
information service. ("Lim ited" telephone information service occurs i f the
functions o f the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g . , giving
e^&ension numbers when sp ecific names are furnished, or if com plex calls
are referred to another operator. )

15

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine cle rica l work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerica l work m ay take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik.
The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typ ically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others.
Performs com plete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required.
The com plete reporting .and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and com plex reports which
often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing o f steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences o f long and com plex reports.
Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and d a y -to-d a y supervision of the work and production o f a group of
tabulating-m achine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrica l account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance o f some wiring from
diagrams.
The woik typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a com plete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more com plex report. Such
reports and studies are usually o f a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are w ell established. May also include the training o f new
em ployees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C .
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c , , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerica l work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing o f stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerica l work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incom ing m ail.

Class A . Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves com bining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e tc. , o f technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance policies,
e t c . ; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
com plex tables already setup and spaced properly.

16

PROFESSIONAL
DRAFTSMAN

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation o f com plex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recom m end minor design changes. Analyzes the e ffe ct of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships o f components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Com pleted work is reviewed by design originator for con ­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and com plex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings o f subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction o f a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc.
R eceives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
o f drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
o f components and convey needed information.
Consolidates details
from a number o f sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments.
Instructions are
less com plete when assignments recur.
Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
D RAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pen cil. (Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting o f straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delin eation .)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings o f easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m ed ical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who becom e ill or
suffer an accident on the premises o f a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination o f the follow ing: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing o f em ployees’ injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing acciden t reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
o f applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation o f plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety
o f all personnel.

AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing: Plan­
ning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions o f work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work o f the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




17
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety o f electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, m aintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circu it breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements o f wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician ’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work o f the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a fu ll-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which em ployed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and b oiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record o f operation
o f machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types o f machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illing machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops are ex ­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
em ployed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts o f m echanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’ s
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping o f metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds o f machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
com m on metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

18

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source o f trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work o f the auto­
motive m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or m echanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and m echanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of
a maintenance m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x ­
perience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers.
In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the follow ing; Knowledge o f surface p ecu li­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May m ix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types o f pipe and
pipe fittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing;
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes m eet specifications.
In general, the work o f the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x ­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are exclu d ed .

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system o f an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation o f vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work o f the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and e x ­
perience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

19

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an establish­
ment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form ­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-m etal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

volves most o f the follow ing: Planning and laying out o f work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of com m on metals and
alloys; setting up and operating o f machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes.
In general, the tool and die maker’ s work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-form ing work. Work in-

CJJSTODIAL

AND

3

TERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors o f an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms.
Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard.
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary.
Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.
Watchman.
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly .condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises o f an office-, apartment house, or com m ercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker em ployed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

20

ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

(Order picker, stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the type of con ­
tainer em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing o f
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f the follow ing:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size o f container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments o f merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means o f transportation, and rates; and preparing records o f the goods
shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment.
R eceiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness o f shipments against bills o f
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places o f business.
May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type o f equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer ca p a city .)
Truckdriver (com bination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-p ow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type o f truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

☆

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1967-253-607/76

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the la t e s t a v a ila b le b u ll e tin s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y in d ica t in g d a t e s o f e a r l i e r s tu d ie s , and the p r i c e s o f the bull etins is
a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y b e p u rch a se d f r o m the Superin ten den t o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a sh in gto n, D . C . , 20402,
o r f r o m any o f the BLS r e g i o n a l s a le s o f f i c e s shown on the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

Area

Bu lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e

A k r o n , O h io , June 1966 1_________________________________
A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y - T r o y , N . Y ., A p r . 1966 1 -------------S
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1966 1_____________________
N.
A lle n to w n —B e t h le h e m —E a s to n , P a .— J . ,
F e b . 1967__________________________________________________
A tla nta, G a ., M a y 1966 1 _________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Nov. 1966 1_____________________________
B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x ., May 1966 1____
O
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1966___________________________
B o i s e C it y , Idaho, July 1966 1___________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , O ct. 1966________________________________

1 4 6 5 -8 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 4 ,

30 ce n ts
25 c e n ts
25 c e n ts

1 5 3 0 -5 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 6 ,
1530-2,
1530-16,

25 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 c e n ts

B u ff a lo , N . Y . , D e c . 1966 1________________________________
B u r lin g to n , V t . , M a r . 1967 1 ...................... ..............................
Canton, O h io , A p r . 1967--------------------------------------------------C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1966 1 ________________________
C h a r lo t t e , N .C ., A p r . 1966 1
_____________________________
C h a t ta n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1966 1___________________
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1966 1 ________________________________
C in c in n a ti, O h io — y .— n d . , M a r . 1967_________ - ________
K
I
C l e v e l a n d , O h io , Sept. 1966 1__________________________
C o l u m b u s , O h io , O ct . 1966 1_____________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , N o v. 1966 1________________________________

1530-38,
1 5 3 0 -5 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 0 ,
1465-67,
1 5 3 0 -8 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 6 ,
1530-13,
1 5 3 0 -2 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 5 ,

D a v e n p o r t — o c k Is la n d —M o l i n e , Iowa—
R
111.,
O ct . 1966 1________________________________________________
D a y to n , O h io , Jan. 1967__________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1966_________________________________
D e s M o i n e s , Iowa, F e b . 1967___________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , Jan. 1967 1 ______________________________
F o r t W o rth , T e x . , N o v. 1966 1----------------------------------------G r e e n B a y , W i s . , Aug. 1966 1__________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1966 1------------------------------------------H o u s to n , T e x . , June 1966 1 ------- .-------------------------------------I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind., D e c . 1966____________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1967_______________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , Jan. 1967 1 __________________________
K a n s a s C it y , M o . - K a n s . , Nov. 1966____________________
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — .H ., June 1966 1 ----------H
N
L it tle R o c k — o rt h L it tle R o c k , A r k . , Aug. 1966 1------N
L o s A n g e l e s —Lon g B e a c h and A n a h e im —
Santa A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r. 1966 1
____________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y.— n d . , F e b . 1967 1 _______________________
I
L u b b o c k , T e x . , June 1966 1______________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., Aug. 1966 1--------------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , Jan. 1967----------------------------------M ia m i, F l a . , D e c . 1966_____________________________ —----Mid la nd and O d e s s a , T e x . , June 1966 1 ------------------------


http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ e sta b lish m e n t
1 D ata on
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Area

B u lle tin n u m be r
and p r i c e

M il w auk ee, W i s . , A p r . 1966______________________________
M in neapolis —
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1967 1 ______________
Muskegon—Muskegon Heights , M ich., M ay 1966 1 ______
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F eb . 1967------------------N e w Haven, Conn., Jan. 1967_____________________________
N e w O r lea n s , L a . , F eb. 1967 1 ___________________________
N ew Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1966 1______________________________
N o r fo l k — orts m o u th and N e w p o rt N ew s —
P
Hampton, Va., June 1966________________________________
Oklaho ma C it y, O k l a . , Aug. 1966 1______________________

1465-61,
1530-42,
1465-72,
1530-55,
1530-41,
1530-51,
1465-82,

20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
40 cents

1465-77,
1530-6,

20 cents
25 cents

30 c e n ts
25 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
25 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

Iowa, Oct. 1966___________________________
Omaha, N e b r .—
P a te r s o n — lifto n — a s s a i c , N.J., M ay 1966 1 ___________
C
P
Philad elp hia, P a . — J . , Nov. 1966 1__ ___________________
N.
P hoen ix, A r i z . , M ar. 1967________________________________
P itts b urgh , P a ., Jan. 1967 1 ______________________________
P ortlan d, Maine, Nov. 1966--------------------------------------P o r tla n d , O r e g . — sh., M ay 1966 1______________________
Wa
P r o v i d e n c e —Pawtu cket— a rw ic k , R , I . — a s s . ,
W
M
M ay 1966___________________________________________________
R a le igh , N .C ., Sept. 1966------------------------------------------Richmond, V a., Nov. 1966________________________________
R o c k fo r d , 111., M ay 1966 1 ________________________________

1530-18,
1465-76,
1530-35,
1530-59,
1530-46,
1530-17,
1465-73,

25 cents
25 cents
35 cents
20 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents

1465-65,
1530-7,
1530-23,
1465-66,

25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1530-19,
1 5 3 0 -4 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -8 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 7 ,

30 ce n ts
25 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
25 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
25 ce n ts
25 c e n t s
30 ce n ts
25 c e n ts

111., Oct. 1966 1---------------------------------St. L ou is, M o.—
Salt L ak e C it y, Utah, D ec. 1966 1________________________
San Antonio, T e x . , June 1966_____________________________
San B ern a rd in o— i v e r side— ntario, C a l i f. ,
R
O
Sept. 1966__________________________________________________
San D ie g o , C a l i f. , Nov. 1966 1____________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —
Oakland, C a l i f. , Jan. 1967 1_____________
San Jose, C a l i f. , Sept. 1966--------------------------------------Savannah, Ga., M ay 1966 1________________________________
Scranton, P a . , Aug. 1966-------------------------------------------Seattle —E v e r e tt, Wash., Oct. 1966_______________________

1530-27,
1530-33,
1465-78,

30 cents
25 cents
20 cents

1530-14,
1530-24,
1530-36,
1530-10,
1465-69,
1530-3,
1530-22,

25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents

1 5 3 0 -4 3 ,
1530-39,
1530-26,
1 4 6 5 -8 0 ,
1530-1,

20
25
25
25
25

c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

1465-59,
1 5 3 0 -4 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 9 ,
1 5 3 0-4 ,
1530-40,
1 5 3 0 -3 1 ,
1465-84,

30
30
25
25
25
25
25

c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts

Sioux F a l l s , S. Dak., Oct. 1966___________________________
South Bend, Ind., M a r . 1967______________________________
Spokane, Wash., June 1966_______________________________
T am pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Sept. 1966 1 _____________
T o le d o , Ohio—M i c h . , Feb . 1967 1 ________________________
T ren to n , N .J., D ec. 1966 1________________________________
Washington, D . C . —Md.— a . , Oct. 1966 1_________________
V
W a te rb u ry, Conn., M ar. 1967_____________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iowa, Nov. 1966 1______________________________
W ichita, K a n s . , Oct. 1966 1_______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., June 1966 1___________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F eb . 1967------------------------ -----------------------Youngstown— a r r e n , Ohio, Nov. 1966___________________
W

1530-12,
1530-57,
1465-75,
1530-9,
1530-50,
1530-34,
1530-15,
1530-54,
1530-21,
1530-11,
1465-83,
1530-47,
1530-29,

20
20
20
25
30
25
30
20
25
25
25
25
25

p r a c tic e s and supplem entary w age provisions are also presented.

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102