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Area Wage Survey

The Albuquerque, New Mexico, Metropolitan Area




April 1966

Bulletin No. 1465-64
June 1966

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, W ashington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents

Page
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s is d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y i e l d s d e t a i l e d da t a b y s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s f o r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r e c o n o m i c r e g i o n s , and f o r the
U n ite d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m i s
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , and (2) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

Introduction__________________________________________ _____________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups_______________________

A t th e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t i n p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a s t u d ie d .
After
c o m p l e t i o n o f a ll o f th e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a
round o f s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lletin is is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s da t a f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n
a r e a s s t u d i e d in to o n e b u l l e t i n . T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s
in fo r m a tio n w h ich has b e e n p r o je c t e d f r o m in divid ual m e t ­
r o p o l i t a n a r e a da t a to r e l a t e to e c o n o m i c r e g i o n s and the
U n ite d S t a t e s .

A. Occupational e arn in g s:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women_____________________
A -2. P rofession al and technical occupations—
men____________
A-3. Office, profession al, and technical occupations—
men and women com bined____________________________
A-4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations________________
A-5. Custodial and m aterial movement occupations__________

T ables:
1. Establishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and
number studied_____________________________________________
2. Indexes of standard weekly sa la rie s and straight-tim e hourly
earnings for selected occupational groups, and percents of
in crease for selected period s_______________________________

B. Establishm ent p ractices and supplementary wage p ro v isio n s:*
B - l. Minimum entrance sa la rie s for women office w o rk e rs__
B-2. Shift d iffe re n tia ls_____________________________________
B-3. Scheduled weekly h o u rs_______________________________
B-4. Paid holidays__________________________________________
B-5. Paid v acatio n s________________________________________
B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plan s__________________
B-7. Health insurance benefits provided employees and
their dependents______________________________________
B-8. P rofit-sh arin g p la n s___________________________________

E i g h t y - f i v e a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in the
p r o g r a m . I n fo rm a tio n on o c c u p a t io n a l e a rn in g s is c o l l e c t e d
a n n u a lly in e a c h a r e a . I n f o r m a t i o n o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c ­
t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s i s o b t a i n e d b i e n ­
n i a l l y in m o s t o f th e a r e a s .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , in A p r i l 1966.
The Standard M e t ­
r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , as d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u o f th e
B u d g e t t h r o u g h M a r c h 1965, c o n s i s t s o f B e r n a l i l l o C o u n t y .
T h i s s tu d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e
in S a n F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . , M a x D . K o s s o r i s , D i r e c t o r ; b y
R o b e r t J. C o l t h u r s t , u n d e r th e d i r e c t i o n o f W i l l i a m P.
O 'C o n n o r .
T h e s t u d y w a s u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f
J o hn L . D a n a , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r W a g e s and
In dustrial R e la tio n s.




1
4

Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational d e scrip tio n s_________________________
B. Occupational d e sc rip tio n s____________________________________

areas.

* NOTE:
S im ila r tabu lation s a r e a v a ila b le f o r
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r .)

other

U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
the A l b u q u e r q u e a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r b u il d in g
c o n str u c tio n , printing, lo c a l - t r a n s i t operating e m p lo y e e s ,
and m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s .

iii

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Area W age Survey---The Albuquerque, N . Mex., M etropolitan Area
Introduction
r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to the w o r k
s c h e d u l e s ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r th e se o c c u p a t io n s have
b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 85 in w h i c h the U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u reau o f L a b o r S tatistics con du cts s u r v e y s o f o ccu p a tion a l earnings
and r e l a t e d w a g e b e n e f i t s o n an a r e a w i d e b a s i s .
In th is a r e a , da ta
w e r e o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e ­
s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
Manu­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
services.
M a jo r in du stry g rou p s e x clu d e d f r o m th ese stu dies are
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e th ey tend to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S e p a ra te tabulations a re
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b ­
lica tion cr it e r ia .

The a v e ra g e s p r e se n te d r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a reaw ide e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b
s t a f f i n g and, th us, c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e pa y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n and w o m e n in any o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld not b e
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s w it h in
in dividual e s ta b lis h m e n ts . O ther p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n t r i b ­
u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n i n c l u d e : D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y the a c t u a l r a t e s
p a id i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a lt h o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d w it h in the
sam e su rvey jo b d escrip tion .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g
e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e
u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a re con d u cte d on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e than o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g i v e n t h e i r a p p r o p r i a t e w e i g h t . E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e l a t i n g to a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .
O ccupations

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e o f the s tu d y and n o t the n u m b e r
actually su r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
ta in e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e
th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o not m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t th e a c c u r a c y o f the
e a r n i n g s da ta .

and E a r n i n g s

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s ,
and a r e o f the
follow ing ty p es:
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w it h in the s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d i x B .
E a r n i n g s da ta f o r s o m e o f
the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s
t a b l e s b e d a u s e e i t h e r ( l ) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n is t o o s m a l l
to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i ­
b ility o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in dividual e s ta b lis h m e n t data.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d ( in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) o n s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s th ey
r e l a t e to p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w ho
a r e u t i l i z e d as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c l u d e d . " P l a n t w o r k e r s "
i n c l u d e w o r k i n g f o r e m e n a nd a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s ( in c lu d in g
l e a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s . " O f f i c e w o r k ­
e r s " i n c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r ­
f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d f u n c t i o n s . C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n
a r e e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , b ut i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u ­
factu ring in d u stries.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a rn in g s data e x clu d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late sh ifts.
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , b ut c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
b o n u s e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s a r e




1

2
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s ( t a b l e B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y to the e s ­
tablish m en ts v is ite d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
w ith f o r m a l m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y p o l i c i e s .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d b o t h in
t e r m s o f ( l ) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 1 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f
w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d o n the s p e c i f i e d s h i f t at the t i m e o f the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a i d at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n l y if it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f the s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u la t e d as a p p l y i n g to
a ll o f the p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th at e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Paid h o lid a y s ;
p a i d v a c a t i o n s ; h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s ; and p r o f i t - s h a r i n g
p la n s ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 8 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y o n the b a s i s
that t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y
o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a lif y f o r the p r a c ­
t i c e s l i s t e d . S u m s o f i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 8 m a y
not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f r o u n d i n g .
D a t a o n p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i. e . , ( l ) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H olidays
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y f a l l o n a n o n ­
w o r k d a y , e v e n if the w o r k e r is n o t g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The fir s t
p a r t o f th e p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o l e a nd h a lf
h olida ys actu a lly granted.
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e and h a lf
h o l i d a y s to s h o w t o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 5 ) is l i m i t e d to
f o r m a l p o li c ie s , ex clu din g in fo r m a l a r r a n g e m e n ts w h e r e b y tim e off
w ith p a y is g r a n t e d at th e d i s c r e t i o n o f the e m p l o y e r .
E stim ates
e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s and t h o s e w h i c h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r
" s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s t o w o r k e r s w ith q u a l i f y i n g
le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l ,
a l u m i n u m , and c a n i n d u s t r i e s . S e p a r a t e e s t i m a t e s a r e p r o v i d e d a c ­
c o r d i n g to e m p l o y e r p r a c t i c e in c o m p u t i n g v a c a t i o n p a y m e n t s , s u c h as
t i m e p a y m e n t s , p e r c e n t o f a nn ua l e a r n i n g s , o r f l a t - s u m a m o u n t s . H o w ­
e v e r , in the t a b u l a t i o n s o f v a c a t i o n pa y, p a y m e n t s n o t o n a t i m e b a s i s
w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f annual e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as the e q u i v a l e n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
p la n s ( t a b l e s B - 6 and B - 7 ) f o r w h i c h at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is
b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t i n g , o n l y l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s s u c h as

* A n e s ta b lish m e n t w as co n sid e re d as h a v in g
co n d itio n s: (1 ) O p e ra te d la t e sh ifts a t the tim e o f the
la t e sh ifts. A n e s ta b lish m e n t w as co n sid e re d as h a v in g
sh ifts d u rin g the 12 m o n th s p r io r to th e su rv ey , or (2 )
la te sh ifts.




a p o lic y if i t m e t e ith e r o f the fo llo w in g
su rv e y , or ( 2 ) h a d fo r m a l p r o v isio n s c o v e rin g
f o r m a l p ro v isio n s if it ( 1 ) h a d o p e ra te d la te
h a d p r o v isio n s in w ritten fo rm fo r o p e ra tin g

w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
Such plan s in clu d e th o se u n d e r w r itte n by a c o m m e r c i a l in su ra n c e
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n io n fun d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p l o y e r o u t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g fu n d s o r f r o m a fun d s e t a s i d e
f o r th is p u r p o s e .
D e a t h b e n e f i t s a r e i n c l u d e d as a f o r m o f l i f e i n ­
surance.
S e l e c t e d h e a lt h i n s u r a n c e b e n e f i t s p r o v i d e d e m p l o y e e s and
dependents are a lso p resen ted .
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d to that t y p e o f
in su ra n ce under w hich p r e d e te r m in e d ca s h paym ents a re m ade d ir e c tly
to the i n s u r e d o n a w e e k l y o r m o n t h l y b a s i s d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t
disa b ility.
I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s u c h p la n s to w h i c h the
e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s . H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h
have en acted t e m p o r a r y d isa b ility in su ra n c e law s w hich re q u ire e m ­
p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , * p la n s a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y if the e m p l o y e r ( l ) c o n ­
2
t r i b u t e s m o r e than is l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e
w ith b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the l a w . T a b u l a t i o n s
o f p a i d s i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 3 w h i c h p r o v i d e
f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
beca u se of illn ess.
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to
( l ) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y and n o w a it in g p e r i o d , and (2) p la n s
w h ich p r o v id e eith e r p a r t ia l pay o r a w aiting p e r io d .
In a d d i t i o n
to th e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f th e p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d
s i c k n e s s a nd a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p l i c a t e d
t o t a l is s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e e i t h e r o r b o t h t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to as e x t e n d e d
m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e , i n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s w h i c h a r e d e s i g n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and s u r g i c a l p l a n s .
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m p l e t e o r p a r t i a l
paym ent of d o c to rs ' fe e s.
S u c h p la n s m a y b e u n d e r w r i t t e n b y c o m ­
m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n i e s o r n o n p r o f i t o r g a n i z a t i o n s o r th e y m a y
be s e lf-in s u r e d .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s ^ r e l i m i t e d
to t h o s e p l a n s th at p r o v i d e m o n t h l y p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f
the w o r k e r ' s l i f e .
P r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 8 ) a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p la n s
w ith d e f i n i t e f o r m u l a s f o r c o m p u t i n g p r o f i t s h a r e s to b e d i s t r i b u t e d
a m o n g e m p l o y e e s and w h o s e f o r m u l a s w e r e c o m m u n i c a t e d to e m ­
p l o y e e s in a d v a n c e o f the d e t e r m i n a t i o n o f p r o f i t s . D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d
a c c o r d i n g to p r o v i s i o n s f o r d i s t r i b u t i n g p r o f i t s h a r e s to e m p l o y e e s ;
( l ) C u r r e n t o r c a s h d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p r o f i t s h a r e s w it h in a s h o r t p e r i o d
a f t e r d e t e r m i n a t i o n o f p r o f i t s ; (2) d e f e r r e d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p r o f i t s h a r e s
a f t e r a s p e c i f i e d n u m b e r o f y e a r s o r at r e t i r e m e n t ; (3) c o m b i n a t i o n
c u r r e n t and d e f e r r e d p l a n s ; and (4) e l e c t i v e d i s t r i b u t i o n p la n s , u n d e r
w h i c h e a c h p a r t i c i p a n t is r e q u i r e d t o s e l e c t w h e t h e r to take h is s h a r e
o f th e c u r r e n t y e a r ' s p r o f i t in c a s h , h a v e it d e f e r r e d , o r p a r t in c a s h
and p a r t d e f e r r e d .

2 T h e te m p o ra ry d is a b ility la w s in C a lifo r n ia a n d R h od e Isla n d do n o t requ ire e m p lo y e r
co n trib u tio n s.
3 A n e s ta b lish m e n t w as c o n sid e re d as h a v in g a fo r m a l p la n if it e sta b lish e d a t le a s t the
m in im u m n u m b er o f d a y s o f sic k le a v e a v a i la b le to e a c h e m p lo y e e .
S u ch a p la n n e e d n o t b e
w ritte n , b u t in fo r m a l sic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s, d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is , w ere e x c lu d e d .

3

Table 1.

Establishments and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied in Albuquerque, N. Mex. , 1 by m ajor industry d iv is io n ,2 A pril 1966
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s

In d u s try d iv is io n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y
W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y *

S tu d ied
T o ta l4

S tu d ie d

P la n t
N u m ber

P ercen t

T o t a l4

131

85

2 8 ,3 0 0

100

1 5 ,8 0 0

5 ,6 0 0

2 4, 190

-

28
103

25
60

5 ,9 0 0
2 2 ,4 0 0

21
79

3, 600
1 2 ,2 0 0

800
4 , 800

5 ,6 8 0
1 8 ,5 1 0

50
50
50
50
50

16
14
42
11
20

13
8
20
7
12

5 , 100
9 00
6 ,0 0 0
1, 500
8, 9 0 0

18
3
21
5
32

2,900

900

4 ,7 4 0
520
3, 770
1 ,2 1 0
8 , 270

A l l d i v i s i o n s ___________________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _____________________ -__________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ____________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and
o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5__________________________
W h o l e s a le t r a d e __________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e ________________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e _________
S e r v i c e s 8_ __ ________
________________________

O ffic e

50

(6)
(6)
( 7)
(6)

(6)
(6)
(6 )
(‘ )

1 The Albuquerque Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through March 1965, consists of B ernalillo County. The "w orkers within
scope of study"
estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and com position of the labor fo rce included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, how ever, to serve
as a basis of com parison with other employment indexes for the area to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data com piled
considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual and the 1963 Supplement were used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto
repair se rv ice ,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, p rofessional, and other workers excluded from the separate plant and office categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation w ere excluded. The local transit system in the Albuquerque area is m unicipally operated and is excluded by definition from the
scope of the study.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and for "a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was
not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is p ossibility of disclosu re of individual
establishment data.
7 W orkers from this entire industry division are represented in estimates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in estimates
for "a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a ta f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n is n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e of th e reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m embership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering
and architectural s ervices.




About one-fifth of the workers within scope of the survey in the Albuquerque area
w ere employed in manufacturing firm s. The following table presents the m ajor industry
groups and specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry group

Specific industries

Ordnance and a cce s so r ie s ______42
Food products__________________ 21
Stone, clay, and glass
p rod u cts_____________________ 13
Lumber and wood products
(except furniture)____________ 6

Ordnance and a c c e s s o r ie s _____ 42
Concrete, gypsum, and
plastic p rod u cts______________ 11
Bakery products_______________ 9
Dairy products_________________ 8

This information is based on estim ates of total employment derived from universe
m aterials com piled prior to actual survey. Proportions in various industry divisions may
differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in ta b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e in
a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , and
in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e l a t e to a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s
o f w o r k , that i s , the s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a id .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y m e a s u r e c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g p r e m i u m p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la te s h i f t s .
The
p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s and i n ­
c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w it h in e a c h g r o u p .
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m en ):
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e ra to rs, c la s s B
C le rk s, a c c o u n tin g , c la s s e s A an d B
C le rk s, f i l e , c la s s e s A , B, an d C
C le rk s, o rd e r
C le rk s, p a y ro ll
C o m p to m e te r o p e ra to rs
K e y p u n ch o p e ra to rs, c la s s e s A a n d B
O ffic e b o y s a n d g irls
S te n o g ra p h e rs, g e n e ra l
S te n o g ra p h e rs, se n io r
S w itc h b o a rd o p e ra to rs, c la s s e s A an d B
T a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e ra to rs, c la s s B
T y p is ts, c la s s e s A a n d B

In d u stria l nurses ( m e n and w o m en ):
N u rses, in d u stria l (re g is te r e d )
S k i lle d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ):
C a rp e n te rs
E le c tr ic ia n s
M a ch in ists
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n ic s (a u to m o tiv e )
P a in ters
P ip e fitte rs
T o o l and d ie m a k e rs
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ):
Ja n ito r s , p o rters, an d c le a n e r s
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g

N O T E : S e c r e t a r ie s , in c lu d e d in th e l i s t o f jo b s in
e x c lu d e d b e c a u s e o f a c h a n g e in th e d e sc rip tio n th is y e a r .

a ll p r e v io u s y e a r s ,

are

A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u rly earn ings w e r e
c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s .
The a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r l y e a r n i n g s w e r e th en m u l t i p l i e d b y e m p l o y m e n t in e a c h of




T a b le 2 .

the j o b s d u r i n g the p e r i o d s u r v e y e d in 1961.
T h e s e w eigh ted earn ings
f o r i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e th e n t o t a l e d to o b t a i n an a g g r e g a t e f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . F i n a l l y , the r a t i o ( e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t a g e )
o f the g r o u p a g g r e g a t e f o r th e o n e y e a r to th e a g g r e g a t e f o r the o t h e r
y e a r w a s c o m p u t e d and the d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n th e r e s u l t and 100 is
the p e r c e n t a g e o f c h a n g e f r o m the o n e p e r i o d to the o t h e r .
The
i n d e x e s w e r e c o m p u t e d b y m u l t i p l y i n g the r a t i o s f o r e a c h g r o u p
a g g r e g a t e f o r e a c h p e r i o d a f t e r th e b a s e y e a r ( 1 9 6 1 ) .
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e m e a s u r e , p r i n c i p a l l y ,
the e f f e c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2 ) m e r i t o r o t h e r
i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in th e s a m e j o b ;
and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e ­
s u lt in g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and
c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith
differen t pay le v e ls .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s
o r d e c r e a s e s in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
F o r e x a m p l e , a f o r c e e x p a n s i o n m i g h t i n c r e a s e th e p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r
p a i d w o r k e r s in a s p e c i f i c o c c u p a t i o n and l o w e r the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s
a r e d u c t i o n in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p a i d w o r k e r s w o u l d h a v e the
o p p o s i t e e f f e c t . S i m i l a r l y , th e m o v e m e n t o f a h i g h - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u l d c a u s e th e a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s to d r o p , e v e n
th o u gh n o c h a n g e in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .
Data a r e a d j u s t e d w h e r e n e c e s s a r y to r e m o v e f r o m the i n d e x e s and
p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d b y c h a n g e s in
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the da ta .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n l y c h a n g e s in
average pay fo r stra ig h t-tim e hours.
T h e y a r e not in flu e n ce d by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for overtim e.

In d e x e s o f sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s a n d s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l grou ps in A lb u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . ,
A p ril 19 6 6 and A p ril 1 9 6 5 , a n d p e rc e n ts o f in c re a se fo r s e le c t e d p e rio d s
In d e x e s
(M a y 1 9 6 1 = 1 0 0 )

O c c u p a tio n a l grou p
A p ril 1966

A p ril 19 6 5

1 1 5 .4

1 1 2 .0

(> )
(!)

(*>
f 1)
1 1 5 .9

1 2 0 .0

* D a t a do n o t m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r ite r ia .

P erc e n ts o f in c re a se
A p ril 1 9 6 4
to
A p ril 1 9 6 5

A p ril 1963
to
A p ril 1964

M ay 1962
to
A p ril 1963

M a y 1961
to
M a v 1962

M a y 1960
to
M a y 1961

3. 0

3. 4

3. 9

2. 3
(»)

3 .6

(1x>
f 1)
3 .0

1 .9
(!)
(!)
5 .1

2. 2

(*>
< *)
3 .7

A p ril 196 5
to
A p r il 19 6 6

c1
)
(i)

(*)
3. 3

(M
l1
!
.9

5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w ee k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u str y d iv is io n , A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M ex . , A p r il 1966)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w ee k ly e a rn in g s o f—
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

$

$

S

s

$

i

$

s

$

$

$

%

$

$

$

$

$

S

$

$

$

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

1 4C

145

5G

Sek, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

1 05

1 10

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

over

1

3

4

5

-

-

-

2

-

6

2

4

-

4

1

-

-

1
1

4
4

4
2

2

~

*

7
7

2
1

10
9

14
10

»

5
4

_

-

2
i

5
5

6
5

2
2

8
7

_

13
4
9

14
3
11

6
4
2

_

-

3
3
-

45
M ean2

Median 2

MEN

Middle range 2

and
u nd er

and

ACCOUNTING, CLASS A

18

4 0 .0

$
1 0 1 .5 0

$
1 0 1 .5 0

$
$
9 4 .0 0 -1 1 5 .5 0

CLERKS, OROER ----------------------------

21

4 0 .0

9 3 .5 0

9 1 .0 0

8 3 .0 0 - 1 0 3 .0 0

-

-

W EN
OM
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------

21
17

4 0 .5
4 0 .5

8 2 .0 0
8 1 .0 0

8 5 .0 0
6 5 .0 0

7 5 . 5 0 - 8 9 .0 0
7 4 . 5 0 - 8 8 .0 0

~

”

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------

62
54

4 0 .5
4 0 .5

6 8 .0 0
6 8 .0 0

6 8 .0 0
6 7 .5 0

6 2 .5 0 6 2 .5 0 -

"

1
-

5
3

19
16

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

48
57

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0

1 0 1 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

8 9 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
8 8 .5 0 - 1 2 4 .0 0

_

-

-

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------

113
25
88

40. 5
4 0 .0
4 0 .5

7 2 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

7 0 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
6 9 .5 0

6 5 . 0 0 - 8 0 .0 0
6 6 . 0 0 - 8 7 .0 0
6 5 . 0 0 - 7 8 .0 0

-

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

39
38

4 0 .5
4 0 .5

6 6 .5 0
6 6 .5 0

6 0 .5 0
6 0 .5 0

5 7 . 5 0 - 7 0 .0 0
5 7 . 5 0 - 7 1 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

32
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 1 .5 0
7 0 .5 0

7 2 .5 0
7 2 .0 0

6 5 .5 0 6 4 .5 0 -

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

30
20

4 0 .5
4 1 .0

8 0 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

31
28

40. C
4 0 .0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------

32
28

SECRETARIES3 4---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S5 ---------------------------

527
38
489
32

CLERKS,

7 4 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

_

3
1
2

4

-

i
1

7 8 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

_

7 7 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

7 1 .0 0 - 9 3 .0 0
7 2 .0 0 - 9 7 .0 0

9 4 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

9 8 .5 0
9 9 .0 0

9 0 .0 0 - 1 0 6 .5 0
9 5 .0 0 - 1 0 7 .0 0

-

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

6 6 .5 0
6 6 .0 0

6 7 .5 0
6 7 .0 0

6 5 . 0C - 7 0 .0 0
6 1 .0 0 - 6 9 .5 0

-

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0

1 0 7 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0

9 9 .0 0 -1 1 4 .5 0
8 9 .5 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
9 9 .5 0 - 1 1 4 .0 0
9 4 .0 0 - 1 1 9 .0 0

-

-

2

-

9
7

1
-

1
-

1
-

5
2

8
8

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1

3

1

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

71
4
67
3

47
6
41
6

40
9
31
1

2C
20
3

9
1
8
i

1
1
1

1

i

18
18

9
9

2
1

-

1
1

1
1

i
i

3
3

_

_

8
6

3
2

11
10

5
4

4
3

_

I

-

-

_

-

2
i

4
2

9
5

i

-

3
2

3
2

2
2

3
2

1
i

2
2

_

-

-

4
3

i

i

2

9
9

2
2

10
10

4
3

-

2
2

3
1
2
i

13

15
2
13
3

29
3
26
4

60
l
59
3

61
i
6C
2

133
3
130
3

-

~

2
2
3
3

4
4

-

_

i

-

-

i
-

-

-

_
L
■

1

17
15

0
3
3

6
6
-

-

1
~

8
i
7

1

11
1

2

3

~

I

3

-

-

1
-

3
-

4 0 .5

1 2 3 .5 0

1 2 8 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 4 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

48
47

4 0 . 0 1 1 7 .5 0
4 0 . 0 1 1 7 .5 0

1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0

1 1 4 .0 0 -1 2 9 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0 -1 2 8 .5 0

-

-

_

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C4 ------------------------NONM ANUF ACTUR ING:
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5 ---------------------------

154

4 0 .0

1 1 1 .0 0

1 1 4 .0 0

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

15

4 0 .0

1 0 4 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

85
66

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 1 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

8 1 .0 0
8 1 .0 0

7 1 . 0 0 - 8 9 .0 0
6 9 . 5C - 8 9 .0 0

_

_

-

5

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------:---------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

98
44
54

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 7 .5 0
9 8 .5 0
9 6 .5 0

9 8 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
9 8 .5 0

9 0 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
8 9 .0 0 - 1 0 7 .5 0

_

_

-

-

-

”

“

-

2

-

-

1

-

-

i

-

1

5

1

-

1

3

_

i
i

-

2
2

4
4

-

i

3
3

2
2

10
10

15
.15

8

_

-

-

-

-

5

8

5

5

13

ii

35

41

29

-

2

2

2

2

l

3

-

-

-

-

-

9 5 .0 0 - 1 1 6 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------

-

2

15

SECRETARIES, CLASS B4 ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------




1

-

27
3
24

SECRETARIES, CLASS A4 -------------------------

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le.

3

22
4
16

-

16
2
14

8

1
-

-

2

“

“

-

1

-

-

1

13
13

16
ii

7
3

12
9

14
11

5
4

7
6

2

2
2

2
2

_

2
-

“

”

2

4
2
2

12
9
3

19
6
13

10
6
4

20

-

3
-

12

-

3
3

10
6
4

3

7

5

7

13

7

-

~

-

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

3
1
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

”

~

”

~

6
T a b le A - l .

O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s — M e n an d W o m e n —

C o n t in u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a re a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M ex . , A p r il 1966)
W eekly e arn in gs1
( standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly ea rn in g s o f—

WOMEN -

of
w orkers

50

55

60

65

S
70

75

80

85

90

95

S
1 00

50

Num ber

Sex, o cc u p a tio n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

1 00

1 05

5
5

3
2

5
9

i
i

2
2

4
4

i
i

-

_

-

1
1

$
45

M ean1
2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

A

S

s

s

s

s

s

s

s

4
4

*

A verage
w eekly
h ou rs1
( standard)

$

S

S

S

105

110

115

120

1 25

130

1 35

140

145

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

1 45

over

1
1

-

and
und er

CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS 84 -------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------

36
35

40. 0
4 0 .0

$
6 6 .0 0
6 6 .5 0

$
6 2 .5 0
6 3 .0 0

$
$
5 3 . 0 0 - 7 7 .0 0
5 3 . 0 0 - 7 7 .5 0

6
6

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSNONMAN'JFACTUR I N G --------------------------------

32
24

40. 0
40. 0

7 i . 50
7 1 .0 0

6 9 .0 0
6 7 .5 0

5 9 . 5 C - 8 3 .0 0
5 8 . 5 0 - 8 3 .0 0

2
2

7
6

6
4

2
1

5
4

i
-

3
3

2
1

_

_

-

-

-

2
1

-

TYPISTS,
C L A S S A -------------------------------------N INMa NUFACTUR I N G --------------------------------

121
1 04

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 4 .5 0
9 c . 50

8 8 .0 0
90 • 50

7 1 .0 C - 9 5 .0 0
7 7 . 0 0 - 9 6 .0 Q

_

-

_

21
12

ii
7

5

-

7
6

8
a

14
14

25
25

21
21

4
3

4
4

< (1
4
4 0 .0

a6

a<
a

6cj c,n
5 8 .0 0 - 6 8 .5 0

9

g

nn
6 4 .0 0

mi
6 4 .0 0

_

3

11

3

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

1
1

-

2

1 Sta n da rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s and the ea rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
The m e a n is co m p u te d fo r e a c h j o b by to ta lin g the e a rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
The m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s it io n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
than the ra te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s than the ra te show n.
The m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a te s o f pay; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the lo w e r o f th e se r a t e s and a fo u r th e a rn m o r e than
the h ig h e r ra te .
M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s oth e r than th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .
D e s c r ip t io n f o r th is o c c u p a t io n ha s b e e n r e v i s e d s in c e the la st s u r v e y in th is a r e a .
See a p p en d ix A .
5 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a t io n , and oth e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M e x . , A p r i l 1966)
Weekly earnings1
* ( standard)

Number
O cc u p a tio n and in d u stry d iv is io n

of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iving stra ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
$

J
>
75

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

OR AFTSMFN, CLASS A3—
DRAFTSMEN,

CL ASS r» 1
B

-------------------------

DRAFTSMEN,
12

4 0 .0

1 3 9 .0 0

1 4 0 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0
.

1 0 2 .0 0 -1 2 8 .5 0
1 0 8 . 5 C - 1 3 0 .5 0

$

$

s

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

90

95

ICC

1 05

110

115

IcO

125

1 30

135

140

145

150

155

160

170

1 80

190

85

90

95

ICC

1 05

1 10

115

1 20

125

130

1 35

140

145

150

155

1 60

170

180

190

200

34

12

1
1
1
1

12
13

12

11

1

5

1
7
15

11

22

16

21
21

15
15

1?
12

7
7

1 S tandard h o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k fo r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir re g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
3 D e s c r ip t io n fo r th is o c c u p a tio n has b e e n r e v i s e d s in c e the la st s u r v e y in th is a r e a . See a ppen dix A .




s

S

$

85

1 3 1 .5 0 -1 4 3 .5 0

1 1 4 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0

$

80

$
$
1 7 1 .0 0 1 6 O . 5 0 - 1 7 8 .5 0

4 0 .0

97
.1 2

$

$

and
und er
80

$
4 0 . 0 1 6 9 .0 0

s

J

27

12
2
2

12

6
11

6

7
T a b le A -3 .

O f f i c e , P r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d T e c h n ic a l O c c u p a t i o n s — M e n a n d W o m e n

C o m b in e d

( A v e r a g e st r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y h ou r s and e a rn i n gs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a t io n s stud ied on an a r e a b as is
b y ind ustry d i v is i o n , A lb uq ue rq ue , N. M e x , , A p r i l 1966)
A verage
Num ber
of
workers

W eekly
e arnings 1
(standard) (standard)
W eekly

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Av erage

A verage

O cc up a tio n and ind ust ry d i v is i o n

N um ber
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard )

W eekly
e arnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

65
57

40.5
40.5

70.00
70.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

66
47

40.0
40.0

102.50
101.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTUR I N G ---------------------------NONMANUFACTUR I N G --------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 1----------------23

125
30
95
IS

40. 5
40.0
40.5
40.0

73.50
76.50
72.50
76.00

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS B ----------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------

42
41

40. 5
40.5

68.50
68.50

CLERKS, O R D E R ----------NONMANUFACTURING

53
42

4 0.0
4 0.0

60.00
76.50

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

23
17
526
33
490
33

40.0
40.0
4 0.0
40.0

66.5 0
66.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B4-------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

36
35

40.0
40. 0

$
66.00
66.50

65.50

SWITCH BOAR D OP E A T0R-RECE P TI ONI STSR
NOMMANUFACTURING--------------------------------

32
24

40.0
40.0

71.50
71.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

125
112

40.0
40. 0

85.00
87.00

TYP ISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING--------------------------------

40
37

4 0.0
40.0

65.00
64.00

169.00

106.00
103.00
106.50
1C 7 . 0 0

40. 5 1 23.50

CLASS A4

15

SECRETARIES, CLASS B4
NONMANUFACTURING ------

48
47

SECRETAR IES, CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S2-

155

40.0

111.00

16

40.0

106.00

88

^ 4>

SECRETAR IES3 4------------------MANUFACTURING---------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBL IC UTIL IT IE S2

W eekly
hours 1
(standard]

o
o

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTUR I N G ----------------------

N um ber
of
woikere

SECRETARIES,

o o

82.00
81.00

39.5
39.5
o

40. 5
40.5

O cc u p a t io n and indu str y d i v is i o n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
32

o

21
17

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B --------NONMANUFACTUR I N G ---------------------------

*

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

o o
o o

O cc u p a t io n and ind ust ry di v is i o n

82.00
81.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

CLERKS, PAYR OLL -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

35
21

40.5
4 1.0

82.50
84.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

33
28

40.0
40.0

STENOGRAPHERS, SFNIOR --------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------------

1 00
44
56

o o

O O

69

40.0
40.0
40.0

98.00
96.5 0
97.0 0

DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS A4----------------------------------

97

DRAFTSMEN,

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
NONMANUFACTURING —

CLASS B4----------------------------------

132

40. 0 139.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C4---------------------------------NONMANUFACTUR I N G --------------------------------

162
141

40. 0 114.50
4 0. 0 117.00

9 3 . 50
96.00

1
2
3
4

Standard h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t he ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a l a r i e s and the ea rn in gs c o r r e s p o n d to t he se w e e k l y h ou r s.
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and ot he r pu bl ic ut ili t ie s.
M a y in clude w o r k e r s ot her than t h o s e p r e s e n t e d se p a r a t e l y .
D e s c r i p t i o n f o r this o cc u pa t io n has b e e n r e v i s e d s i n c e the last s u r v e y in this a r e a . See ap pendix A.







T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and P o w e rp la n t O c c u p a tio n s

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A l b u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . , A p r i l 1 966)
H ourly earnings

1

N um be r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iving st r a i gh t - t im e ho ur ly ea rnings o f—

$

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

$

$

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

t

2.5 0

2.6 0

2 .7 0

2,8 0

2 . 9 C 3. 00 3 . 1C 3 . 2 0 3 . 3 0

$
3 .4 0

*
3 .5 0

$
3 .6 0

$
$
3.7 0 3 .8 0

3.4 0

3.5 0

3.6 0

3.7 0

3 . 80 3 . 9 0

9
7

S

2 .4 0
M e an 2

$

*

s

2 .5 0

O cc up a tio n and ind ust ry div isi on

Num ber
of
workers

“

6

-

24
14

“

8
8

46
46

7
5
2

1
1

-

_

23
23

s

2 . 8C 2 .9 C

t

3 .0 0

3.1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0

%

and
under

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ---------MANUFACTURING--------------------

49
25

3.50
3 .4 5

$
3 .6 2
3 .6 1

3 .3 7 - 3.6 7
3 . 3 4 - 3 .6 6

-

-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

84
23
61

3 .3 8
3.0 4
3 .5 1

3.5 3
2 .9 2
3.5 4

3 . 2 5 - 3 . 58
2 .8 4 - 3.1 9
3 . 5 1 - 3 . 58

-

1
1
-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------

65
61

3 .3 6
3.3 6

3 .1 9
3 .1 9

3 . 1 3 - 3.6 7
3 .1 3 - 3.6 6

_

OILCR'*

20

2 62

2 63

2 70

*

4
4

2
2

1
1

-

4
2
2

8
6
-

5
5

_

-

2

-

-

4
4
2

1

2

8

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d la t e s h i f t s .
F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2, ta b le A - l .

-

1
1

3
2
1
23
23

-

*

3

i

-

-

2

-

-

-

2

-

_

8
6

-

9
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l an d M a t e r ia l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a t i o n s

( A v e r a g e st r a i g h t - t im e h ou r ly ear ni ngs fo r s e l e c t e d oc c up a t io ns studied on an a re a b as is
by ind ustry di v isi on , Albuq uer qu e, N. Mex. , A p r i l 1966)
2
Hourly eamings1

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and indu str y d iv is io n

Nu m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g st r a i g h t - t im e ho ur ly ea rnings of—
s
1.1 0

workers

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

$
1 .1 0

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN-------------------------------

188

$
3 .3 4

$
3 .1 4 -

$
3 .4 2

$
i
$
$
$
1 .3 C 1 .4 C 1 . 5 0 1 . 6 0 1 . 7 0

1.30

1 .4 0

9

“

1

2

16

1 .4 6

1 .4 0

1 .2 5 - i.6 e

-

-

8

-

-

JANITORS* PORTERS* AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------PUBL IC UT IL ITIES4---------------------------

2 63
69
1 94
3A

1.9 3
2* 09
1 .8 3
2.01

2.1 1
2 .4 1
2.0 9
2.0A

1 . 5 9 - 2 .2 6
1 . 7 4 - 2.4 6
1 . 5 4 - 2 .1 9
1 . 6 8 - 2.1 8

7
7

11
11
-

14
2
12

6
i
5
2

8

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES4 ---------------------------

2 80
90
190
125

2 •A 9
2 .1 2
2.6 6
3 .0 4

2.5 9
2 .0 7
3 .1 1
3 .1 6

1 . 9 8 - 3.1 5
1 .9 2 - 2.3 6
2 . 5 2 - 3 .1 8
3 . 1 1 - 3.21

-

-

6

9

3

-

-

-

-

-

6

9

3

ORDER F I L L E R S -----------------------------------------NQNMANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------------

99
69

2.1 4
1 .9 5

1 .9 7
1 .8 9

1 . 8 4 - 2 .6 3
1 . 8 0 - 1.9 8

-

_

-

_

*

-

*

-

PACKERS,

S H I P P I N G ------------------------------------

22

1 .7 1

1 .8 1

1 .5 9 -

1.8 7

-

-

2

ECE IV ING C L ER K S ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

A6
3?

2.6 2
2.6 7

2.6 8
2.9 1

2 .1 0 2 .0 9 -

3 .0 1
3.0 9

-

_

_

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

19
19

2 .0 4
2 .0 A

1 .9 9
1 .9 9

1 .9 2 1 .9 2 -

2 .0 8
2 .0 8

-

TRUCKDR IVERS5 --------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S4---------------------------

33 6
164
172
80

2.4 5
2.2 8
2.61
3 .2 0

2.3 8
2 .3 1
3.0 4
3 .2 5

2 . 1 1 - 3.0 6
2 .1 7 - 2.4 3
1 . 9 0 - 3.2 4
3 . 2 2 - 3.2 7

TRUCKDR IVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

50
A7

2.2 0
2.2 0

1 .9 9
1 .9 8

1 .7 7 1 .7 6 -

TRUCKDR IVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

98
53
A5

2.3 4
2 .2 0
2 .5 0

2.2 4
2 .2 1
2.4 5

2 .1 4 - 2.4 6
2 .1 5 - 2 .2 7
1 .8 9 - 3.2 3

TRUCKCRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER T Y P E ) ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------

A7
2A

2.7 2
2.2 5

2 .7 9
2.2 5

TRUCKDR IVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER T Y P E ) -------------MANUFACTUR I N G --------------------------------------

78
78

2 .3 0
2 .3 0

2.3 9
2 .3 9

2 .3 2 - 2.4 4
2 .3 2 - 2 .4 4

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

76
65

2.5 1
2 .4 6

2 .6 2
2 .6 2

2 .3 2 2 .2 8 -

2 .6 7
2 .6 6

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ---------------------------------------------------

51

2 .7 2

2.8 5

2 .5 4 -

2 .9 4

A

“

1
2
3
4
5

s
$
2 •A0 2 . 5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2.7 0

s
2.8 0

$
2 .9 C

s
3.0 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .4 0

2 .10

2 .20

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .50

2 .7 0

2 .6 C

2 .9 C

3.0 C

3.2 0

3 .4 C

3.6 0

_

1

1

A3

59

57

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

_

A

2
i
i
i

17
~
17
15

51
1
50
-

32
32

A
A
-

39
38
i
i

6
i
7
7

14
8
6

<
5

i
-

16
16

3
3

i

20
15
5

1
1

9

18
15
3

3

-

14
12
2

26
10
16
13

_

2
2

13
13

2
2

18
18

21
21

2
-

-

-

A

1

A

9

-

-

2

_

_

_

-

i

2
2

A
2

5
5

_

-

6
6

6
6

-

19
10
9

16
11
5

“

i

11
3
3

-

-

-

19
12
7
1

-

8
3

-

-

3

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

18
18

-

2.6 0

14
A
10
i

-

_

2

3

A
A
14
2
12

8

-

2
1

-

2
2

2
-

A
-

*

_

_

-

_

~

-

i
i

-

_

_

_
_
-

_
-

_
_
-

-

-

-

20

5

-

-

20
10

5
-

10
8
2
-

_

_

_

~

“

_

-

2

_

_
-

2
2

~

_

_

-

*

-

-

_

_

2

-

-

2

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

sh ifts .

-

-

-

~

“

a n d la t e

_

-

~

“

e
8

2
2

5
1
A

-

-

A

_

A

13
2

i
i

2

5
5

11
11

_

_

3

-

-

i
i

1
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

6

14

76

_

-

_

_

6
-

14
2

76
76

_
_

6
6

6
6

-

_

32
31
1

3A
30
A

AA
40
A

8
7
1

-

i
i

_

i
i

-

A
A

“

-

2
1
1

25
22
3

2A
23
1

A
A

2
2

2
2

7
7

~

5
5

6
6

2
2

-

30
30

2

3
3

A
A

6
6

8
7

2

7

?

-

-

1C
6
A
-

1
1

“

A
A

_

_

-

-

34
34

1
1

-

-

-

_

-

~

_

“

_

35
35

-

-

.

-

67
67

-

i
i

6
A

-

_

_

_

9
9

-

35

_

-

i

_
~

6
6

8

-

67

_

_

5
5

_
~

I
i

“

-

_

33
11

29
26
3

_
-

2

D a ta li m it e d t o m e n w o r k e r s .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s a l l d r i v e r s r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e a n d ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




s
2.3 0

20
fc
1A
3

-

A

2.00

3

2 . 2 4 - 3 .2 4
2 . 0 6 - 2 .5 A

2.9 0
2.9 2

_

$
2.2 0

A

1. 50 1 . 6 C 1. 70 1 . 80 1 . 9 0

WATCHM EN:
MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------

o

s
2 .10

S
S
$
1 . 80 i 90 2 . 0 0

and
under
1.2 0

$
3.07

s
1.2 0

1
~

_

“

_

“
10
6
A

1

1

1

1

7
7

“

2
2

3
~

38
38

A

-

8

-

2

_

_

2

16

6

i
i

16

2

“

17
*

“

_
ii

_

_

-

-

3
-

19

i

-

*

_
-

-

10
B.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers

( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s st u d ie d in a ll i n d u s t r i e s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r i l 1966)
Other in e x p e rie n ce d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

In ex perien ced typists
Manufacturing
M inim um w eekly str aigh t-tim e s a l a r y 1

N on m anufactu rin g

All
in dustries

All
schedules

40

All
schedules

85

25

XXX

60

13

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d ____________________________________________

1

1

12
1
2
2
4
1
1

1

1
2
2
4
1
i
i

1

-

20

-

1

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f—
All
schedules

40

40

All
schedule s

XXX

60

XXX

40

85

25

9

27

7

7

20

17

1
2
3
1

7
4
6
2
4
1
1
2

3

3

1

1

2

2

4
4
5
2
2
1

3
3
5
2
1
1

1

1

XXX

1

4

61

_______________________________________________

i
11

$ 6 7 . 5 0 and o v e r .

Non manufactu rin g

Manufacturing
All
industries

B a se d on standard w e ek ly hou rs 1 o f—
3
2

1

7

2

17

41

11

2

10

7

xxx

30

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h d i d no t e m p l o y w o r k e r s

1
2
3

XXX

41

XXX

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m st a r t i n g (h i ri n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s that a r e pa i d f o r
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .




standard w o r k w e e k s .

XXX

11

T a b le B -2 .

S h i ft D i f f e r e n t i a l s

(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant w orkers by type and amount of differential,
Albuquerque, N. M ex., A pril 1966)
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ha v i n g f o r m a l
provision s 1 fo r—

Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l

S e c o n d shi ft
work

T hird o r other
s hi ft w o r k

A c t u a l l y w o r k in g on—

S e c o n d sh if t

Third o r other
shi ft

T o t a l ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

75.5

56.5

19.0

1.6

With s hi ft pa y d i f f e r e n t i a l --------------------------------------

5 9. 0

51 .3

17.0

1.3

U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) ---------------------------------

5 4. 0

48.8

17.0

1.3

5 c e n t s _________________________________________
6 c e n t s _________________________________________
7 c e n t s _________________________________________
9 c e n t s _________________________________________
10 c e n t s ________________________________________
12 c e nt s ________________________________________
13 V3 c e n t s -------------------------------------------------------15 c e n t s ________________________________________

7.4
1.8
4.5

3.1

1.9
.5
.5

.2

7.7
2 7. 2
5.5
-

4.5
1.8
10.4
29.1

.3

-

-

.3
-

.4
10.8
3.0

.5

-

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e --------------------------------------------

2.4

-

-

-

3 p e r c e n t ______________________________________

2.4

-

-

-

8 h o u r s ' p a y f o r 7 V2 h o u r s ' w o r k -------------------

2.5

2.5

-

-

Wi th no s hi ft pa y d i f f e r e n t i a l --------------------------------

16.5

5.2

2.0

.4

1
Includes establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments with form al provisions covering late shifts
even though they were not currently operating late shifts.

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(Percent distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-sh ift w orkers, Albuquerque, N. M ex., A pril 1966)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
W ee k ly h o u r s

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 1

-----------------------------------------------------

100

U n d e r 37 V h o u r s _____ ___ — -----------------------z
3 7 V h o u r s _____________________________________ __
z
40 h o u r s ________________________________________
4 2 l/z h o u r s _________________________________________
4 4 h o u r s ___________________________________________
45 h o u r s _____________ __________________ ________
48 h o u r s _________________________*______________
O v e r 48 h o u r s __________________________________

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 1
2

2

A ll w o r k e r s -

1
2
3
4

3
81

7

3

5

100

5
95

-

100

93

5

2

"

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

100

( 4)

M a n u fa c tu r in g

100

100

3

-

-

93

99

98

-

-

1

2

-

~

(4 )

3
(4)
(4)
-

Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and se rv ice s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and se rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0.5 percent.




P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

12

T a b le

B -4 .

P a id H o lid a y s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , A l b u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . , A p r i l 1966)

Plant workers

Office workers

Item
All industries 1

All w orkers_________________________ _______

-

W orkers in establishments providing
paid h olid a ys__________________________________
W orkers in establishments providing
no paid h olid a ys______________________________

Manufacturing

Public u tilities1
2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100

100

100

90

99

100

100

(4)

'

■

(4)
1
(4)
32
1
5
15
36
9
1
(4)

(4)
31
3
2
2
62

(4)
4
1
92
2

-

-

-

-

100

95

10

"

5

3
2
2
32
2
12
16
15
7

11
_
3
39
3
12
3
29

1
12
80
-

-

-

-

"

"

Number of days
3 h olid a ys______________________________________
4 h olid a ys______________________________________
5 h olid a y s_________________________________ ___
6 h olid a ys______________________________________
6 holidays plus 2 half d a y s _____________________
7 h olid a ys_____________ :------------------------------------8 h olid a ys-------------- -------- ------------------------------8 holidays plus 1 half day___________________
9 h olid a ys___________________ _________________
10 holidays______________________________________
12 holidays________________________ ___________

_
1
-

(4)
-

.

Total holiday time 5
12 days_________________________________________
10 days or m ore ________________________________
9 days or m o r e _________________________________
8 V days or m o r e ______________________________
2
8 days or m o r e _________________________________
7 days or m o r e _________________________________
6 days or m o r e _________________________________
5 days or m o r e ________________________________ 4 days or m o r e _________________________________
3 days or m o r e _______ ________________________

1
2
3
4
5
no half

_
-

7
22
38
52
83
85
87
90

_

_

-

-

29
29
32
47
85
88
88
100

-

80
92
94
94
95
95

(4)
1
10
46
61
67
99
99
99
99

_
-

62
62
63
69
99
100
100
100

-

2
2
94
95
99
99
100
100

I n c l u d e s da ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s da ta f o r w h o le s a l e * t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .
A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l and h a l f d a y s that add t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 7 d a y s i n c l u d e s t h o s e with 7 f u l l d a y s
d a y s , 6 f u l l d a y s and 2 h a l f d a y s , 5 f u l l d a y s and 4 h a l f d a y s , and s o o n .
P r o p o r t io n s w e r e then cu m u la te d .




and

13

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id V a c a t i o n s 1

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r i l 1966)

Office workers

Plant workers
Vacation policy
All industries 2

All w orkers____________________________________

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

100

100

100

100

100

100

98
88
8
2
-

100
73
27
-

100
90
10
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

2

*

-

-

-

-

2
14
2
15

9
5
-

_
56
-

2
40
3
36

4
77
-

2
81
*

1
66
15
15

84
13
-

69
31
-

.
27
38
36

17
83
*

70
30
-

_

_
37
1
62
“

_
2
2
60
36

_
10
1
90

_
12
88
“

_
100

_
1
(6)
61
3
(6)
36

_
3
2
95

_
100

Method of payment
W orkers in establishments providing
paid vacations_________ ______________________
Length-of-tim e payment___-_______
______
Percentage payment________________________
Flat-sum paym ent---------------------------------------O ther_______________________________________
W orkers in establishments providing
no paid vacations_____ ______________________
Amount of vacation pay 5
After 6 months of service
Under 1 week___________________________________
1 week__________
____________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s--------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks __ - ____________
After 1 year of service
Under 1 week____________________________ _____
1 week________________ ________________________
2 w eek s ________________________ _______________
Over 4 w eeks___________________________________
After 2 years of service
Under 1 week___________________________________
1 week__________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _ ------ -------------------2 w eek s________________________________________
Over 4 weeks—
------------------------------------------------—

1
27
1
53
15

46
4
50

After 3 years of service
Under 1 week___________________________________
1 week__________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s _____________________
2 w eek s________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s____________________
3 w eek s ________________________________________
Over 4 w eeks___________________________________

1
10
2
70

_

22
7
69

-

-

-

(6)
15

2
"

-

1
8
2
72

13
7
78

100

-

-

-

(6)
15

2

-

-

-

-

(6)
"

“

After 4 years of service
Under 1 week___________________________________
1 week------------------------- ------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 w eek s -------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s _____________________
3 w eek s _________________________________________
Over 4 w eeks------------------------------------------------------

S e e f o o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




_

_
-

_

_

-

(‘ )
(6)
61
3
(6)
36

(6)
2
98

-

100

-

-

(6)

-

14

T a b le B -5 .

P a i d V a c a t i o n s 1-------C o n t i n u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r i e s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x , , A p r i l 1966)

Plant workers

Office workers

Vacation policy
All industries2

Manufacturing

i
5
2
63
7
5
15

3
7
53
27
10
-

1
4
1
43
32
2
15

3
3
49
44
2
*

1
4
40

3
46

Public utilities3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

Amount of vacation pay 5— Continued
After 5 years of s ervice
Under 1 week-----------------------------------------------------1 week__________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s ______________________
2 w eek s _________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 w eek s _________________________________________
Over 4 w eeks___________________________________

_
-

88
-

12
-

(?)
(6)
52
9
3
36

_

_

2
81

99

_

_

17
-

_

1
-

A fter 10 years of s ervice
Under 1 week___________________________________
1 week__________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s --------------------------------2 w eek s _________________________________________
3 w eek s _________________________________________
4 w eek s _________________________________________
Over 4 w eeks___________________________________
A fter 12 years of service
Under 1 week___________________________________
1 week__________________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s --------------------------------3 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------4 w eek s -------------------------------------------------------------Over 4 w eeks___________________________________

( 6)

_
-

35
2

50
2

15

-

_
-

44
56
_

-

_
_

33
1
66
-

-

After 15 years of service
Under 1 week___________________________________
1 week__________________________________________
2 w eek s _______________________________ _________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s --------------------------------3 w eek s ________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s --------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------Over 4 w eeks___________________________________

1
4

25
( 6)

-

3
34
-

_
-

6
1
93

51

61

-

-

2
15

2

-

-

-

-

After 20 years of service
Under 1 week___________________________________
1 week__________________________________________
2 w eek s ________________________________________
3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eek s _____________________
4 w eek s ________________________________________
Over 4 weeks_____ ____________________________

1
4
25
35
( 6)

18
16

_

_

3
34
61

-

-

6
44
1
49

2

-

_

_

3
34
61

-

After 25 years of service
Under 1 week-------- ------------------------------------------1 week__________________________________________
2 w eek s ________________________________________
3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eek s --------------------------------4 w eek s----- ------------- ----------------------------------------Over 4 w eeks___________________________________

S e e f o o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




1
4

25
25
( 6)

27
16

-

6
15
1
78

2

“

-

(6)
(6)
21
43
(6)
36

_

1
18
81
(6)

_
_
17
83

_
-

-

( 6)

_
_

15
5
44

17

15

82

85

( 6)

(‘ )

36

_
( 6)

9
( 6)

_

_
-

_

2

-

89

( 6)

( 6)

_
( 6)

9
37

(6 )

19
36

_
( 6)

9
19
( 6)

35
36

_

-

11

54
1
36

(6 )

_

(6 )

97

_

_

-

_
_

11
28
-

_

_
2
83
( 6)

61

14

( 6)

-

_

_

_

_

11
28

2
30

-

61
( 6)

67

15

P a i d V a c a t i o n s 1-------C o n t i n u e d

T a b le B -5 .

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Albuquerque, N. M ex., A pril 1966)
Plant workers

Office workers

Vacation policy
All industries 2
1

Manufacturing

Public u tilities3

i
4
25
24
(6)
29
16

_
3
34
61

_
_

All ind ustries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

Amount of vacation pay 5— Continued
After 30 years of service
Under 1 week-----------------------------------------------------1 week__________________________________________
2 w eek s ________________________________________
3 w eek s -------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eek s_____________________
4 w eek s________________________________________
Over 4 weeks___________ _____________________

-

2

6
7

1
86

.
(6)
9
16
(6)
38
36

_

11
28
_

61

2
12
(6)
85

(6)

1 Includes basic plans only. Excludes plans such as vacation-savings and those plans which offer "extended" or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic plans to w orkers with qualifying lengths
of service. Typical of such exclusions are plans in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and se rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and se rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Includes payments other than "length of t im e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent time b asis; for example, a payment of 2 percent
of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. P eriods of service were a rbitrarily chosen and do not n ecessarily reflect the individual provisions for p rogression s. F or example, the
changes in proportions indicated at 10 y ea rs' service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion receiving 3 weeks' pay
or m ore after 5 years includes those who receive 3 w eeks' pay or m ore after fewer years of service.
6 Less than 0.5 percent.




16

T a b le B -6 .

H e a l t h , I n s u r a n c e , a n d P e n s i o n P la n s

(P ercent of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions em ployed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, 1 Albuquerque, N. Mex. , A pril 1966)
Plant workers

O ffice workers

Type of benefit
All industries 1
2

All w orkers-------------------- -------------- -----------------

Manufacturing

Public u tilitie s 3

All industries 4

100

100

100

100

Manufacturing

100

Public utilities3

100

W orkers in establishm ents providing:
90

88

95

95

99

99

71

50

62

90

96

78

72

66

60

85

93

76

Sickness and accident insurance_________
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting p eriod)---------------------------------------Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting p eriod)----------------------------------------

45

59

33

56

00
”•00

Life insu ra n ce______________________________
Accidental death and dism em berment
insurance----------------------------------------------------Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both 5— -------------------------------

22

18

3

12

28

69

36

35

27

48

Hospitalization insurance_____
___________
Surgical insurance---------------- ------------- -----Medical in su ra n ce---------------- ------- -----------Catastrophe insurance----------------------------------Retirem ent pension__________________________
No health, insurance, or pension plan______

87
87
83
76
59
4

84
84
84
62
35
7

99
99
99
99

98
98
96
96
91
( 6)

1
2
3
4
5

66
1

2
99
99
98
81
85

1

5
52
99
99
99
99
85
( 6)

Includes those plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer, except those legally required, such as workm en's com pensation, social security, and railroad retirem ent.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and s e rvice s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and se rv ice s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below.
Sick leave plans are lim ited to those which definitely establish at least
the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each em ployee.
Informal sick leave allowances determ ined on an individual basis are excluded.
6 Less than 0. 5 percent.




17

T a b le B -7 .

H e a lth

In s u r a n c e B e n e fit s P r o v id e d

E m p lo y e e s an d T h e ir D e p e n d e n ts

( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g h e a lth in s u r a n c e b e n e fit s
c o v e r i n g e m p l o y e e s an d t h e ir d e p e n d e n ts, A lb u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . , A p r il 1966)

Plant workers

Office workers

Type of benefit, coverage, and financing1
Manufacturing

Public utilities3

100

100

100

99
14
14
-

98

99
23

99

5
5

21
1

85
18
40

88
20
64

76
64
7

9

-

3

5

-

84

26

2
98

3

5
5

99
14
14
-

99
23

12

74
19
48

74
28
38

85
18
40

3

9

-

84

26

All ind ustries1
2
All w ork ers--------

-

— ------------- ----------------

W orkers in establishm ents providing:
Hospitalization insurance— ---------- — ------Covering em ployees on ly -------------------------Employer financed--------------- — ------Jointly financed------------------------------------Covering em ployees and their
dependents------------------ — -------Employer financed------------------------Jointly financed------------------------------------Employer financed for em ployees;
jointly financed for dependents---------Em ployer financed for dependents;
jointly financed for em p loy ees______
Surgical insurance___________________________
Covering em ployees on ly-------------------Em ployer financed--------------------- -------Jointly financed
-------------------------------Covering em ployees and their
dependents — - - ----- — -------Employer financed- __________________
Jointly financed------------------------------------Em ployer financed for em ployees;
jointly financed for dependents---------Employer financed for dependents;
jointly financed for em p loy ees---------M edical insurance________________ _________
Covering em ployees on ly_________________
Employer financed_____________________
Jointly financed________________________
Covering em ployees and their
dependents___________ __________________
Em ployer financed_____________________
Jointly financed------------------------------------Employer financed for em ployees;
jointly financed for dependents---------Employer financed for dependents;
jointly financed for em p loy ees---------Catastrophe insurance-----------------------------------Covering em ployees on ly------------Employer financed______ __ _________
Jointly financed------------------------------------Covering em ployees and their
dependents_____________________ ______ _
Em ployer financed-------------------------------Jointly financed________________________
Em ployer financed for em ployees;
jointly financed for dependents---------Em ployer financed for dependents;
jointly financed for em p loy ees----------

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

100

100

100

87
13

84

3

5
5

74
19
48

74
28
38

3

10

5
87
13

10

5
83
13

10

10

All industries4

10

10
5
5

21
1

88
20
64

76
64
7

3

5

99

20
66

99

1
1

-

99

20
66
-

12

2

96

1
1

-

98

3

5
5

99
14
14
-

70
18
45

74
28
38

85
18
40

3

9

-

3

5

-

5

-

26

2

-

12

76

62

99
14
14
-

90

81

99

7

6

85
47

75

10

7

10

1

10

99

5
5

22
21
1

86
20

76
64

99

62

7

66

2

6

5
2

-

68
20

61

41

38

11

83
27
51

3

9

-

3

'

26

2

“

20

1
1

5

5

1
1

-

1

15

5

(5)

63
6

-

99
73
14

12

1 I n c lu d e s p la n s f o r w h ich a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r . S e e fo o tn o te 1, ta b le B - 6 .
A n e s t a b li s h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s p r o v id in g b e n e f it s to e m p lo y e e s f o r t h e ir
d e p e n d e n ts i f su c h c o v e r a g e w a s a v a i la b le to a t l e a s t a m a jo r i t y o f th o se e m p l o y e e s one w o u ld u s u a l ly e x p e c t to h a v e d e p e n d e n ts, e . g . , m a r r i e d m e n , e v e n th o u g h th e y w e r e l e s s th a n a m a jo r i t y
o f a l l p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s . T h e e m p lo y e r b e a r s th e e n t ir e c o s t o f " e m p l o y e r f in a n c e d " p l a n s . T h e e m p lo y e r a n d e m p lo y e e s h a r e th e c o s t o f " jo in t l y f in a n c e d " p l a n s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




18

T a b le B -8 .

P r o f i t -S h a r in g P la n s

( P e r c e n t o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s , 1
b y t y p e o f p la n , A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r i l 1 96 6)

Plant workers

Office workers

Type of plan
All industries1
2

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

100

100

100

23

5

All industries4

Manufacturing

100

100

9

Public utilities3

4

100

W orkers in establishments providing
Plans providing for current
Plans providing for d eferred

2

(5)

20

5

77

95

9

4

91

96

Plans providing for both current
Plans providing for em p loyee's choice
W orkers in establishm ents providing no

100

100

1 The study was lim ited to form al plans (1) having established form ulas for the allocation of profit shares among em ployees; (2) whose form ulas were com m unicated to the em ployees in
advance of the determ ination of profits; (3) that represent a commitment by the company to make periodic contributions based on profits; and (4) in which eligibility extends to a m ajority of
the plant or office w orkers.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and se rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and se rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Less than 0. 5 percent.




Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for drafts­
man, secretary, and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain
salary information for more specific categories.

of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.

Secretary. The revised descriptions for secretary (classes A, B,
C, and D) classify these workers according to levels of responsibility. The
size of the organization and the scope of the supervisor's position are con­
sidered in distinguishing these levels. Data published under the composite
title of secretary are not comparable to data previously published.

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (classes A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, data presented for any of
these occupations are not comparable to data previously published.

Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead




19

The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
21

22

CLERK,

A C C O U N T I N G — C o n tin u e d

ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e .g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
m aterial; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK,

O R D E R — C o n tin u e d

to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
m atical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed m aterial.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following;
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

23

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office
routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president, " though normally indicative of this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than5,000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25, 000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25, 000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

24

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures
and
a.
Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­ of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing simple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming m ail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b.
Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full
5,000 persons.
telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as conference,
collect, overseas, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
Class D
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-time assignment.
("Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
tion purposes, e. g. , because of overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
priate for calls. )
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited telephone
information service. ("Lim ited" telephone information service occurs if the
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if complex calls
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
are referred to another operator. )
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




25

S W IT C H B O A R D

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E

O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C .
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming m ail.
Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language m a­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

26

P R O F E S S I O N A L

DRAFTSMAN

N D

T E C H N I C A L

DRAFTSMAN

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
t o d e t e r m i n e q u a n t i t i e s of m a t e r i a l s to b e u sed ,, l o a d c a p a c i t i e s ,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse-who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
A ND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




27

E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps;, making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

HELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

T R A D E S — C o n tin u e d

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
e quipme nt.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and e-xperience.

28

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop, for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following; Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following;
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves; Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

29

S H E E T -M E T A L

W ORKER,

TOOL

M A IN T E N A N C E

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

AND

D IE

M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in­
CUSTODIAL

A ND

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
m etal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m a­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

30

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Tmckdriver, medium ( 1 V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Tmckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Tmcker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request—

The sixth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1 46 9, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1 9 6 5 . 45 cents a copy.




Area Wage Surveys*
A l i s t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n te d b e lo w .
A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g d a tes o f e a r lie r s tu d ie s , and the p r ic e s o f the b u lle tin s is
a v a ila b le o h r e q u e s t .
B u lletin s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u perin ten den t o f D o cu m e n ts , U. S. G o v e rn m e n t P r in tin g O ffic e , W ash ington, D. C . , 20402,
o r f r o m any o f the BLS r e g io n a l s a le s o f f i c e s show n on the in s id e fr o n t c o v e r .

A rea

B u lletin n u m b er
and p r ic e

A rea

B u lle tin n u m ber
and p r ic e

A k ro n , O hio, Ju n e 1965__________________ _______________
A lb a n y — c h e n e c ta d y '- T r o y , N. Y. , A p r. 1 9 6 6 1_________
S
A lb u q u e rq u e , N . M e x . , A p r. 1966 1____________________
A llen tow n — e th le h e m — a s to n , P a . — J . , F e b . 1966
B
E
N.
A tla n ta , G a. , M ay 1965_________________________________
B a lt im o r e , Md. , N ov. 1 9 6 5 __________________ _______ __
B e a u m o n t— o r t A rth u j> -O ran g e , T e x ., M ay 1966 1-----P
B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , A p r. 1966__________________________
B o i s e C ity , Idah o, Ju ly 1 9 6 5 ___________________________
B o s to n , M a s s . , O ct. 1 9 6 5 1 ____________________________

1 4 3 0 -7 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 3 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 2 ,

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M ilw au k e e , W is. , A p r. 1966.-----------------------------------M in n e a p o lis— t. P a u l, M inn. , J a n . 1966_______________
S
M u sk ego n — u sk e g o n H e ig h ts, M ic h ., M ay 1965_______
M
N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N. J . , F e b . 1966 1___________
New H aven , C o n n ., Ja n . 1966 1_________________________
New O r le a n s , L a . , F e b . 1966___________________________
New Y o rk , N. Y. , A p r. 1965 1 __________________________
N o rfo lk — o r tsm o u th and N e w p o rt N ew s—
P
H am pton , V a . , Ju n e 1965 1 ------------------------------------O k lah o m a C ity , O k la. , A ug. 1 9 6 5 -----------------------------

1 4 6 5 -6 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 8 ,
1 4 3 0 -6 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 7 ,
1 4 3 0 -8 0 ,

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1 4 3 0 -7 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 ,

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B u ffa lo , N. Y. , D e c . 1965____ __________________________
B u r lin g to n , V t . , M a r . 1966_____________________________
C an to n , O hio, A p r. 1966 1_______________________________
C h a r le s t o n , W. V a . , A p r. 1965________________________
C h a r lo tt e , N. C . , A p r. 1965____________________________
C h a tta n o o g a , T en n . — a . , S e p t. 1 9 6 5 __________________
G
C h ic a g o , 111., A p r. 1 9 6 5 * ---------------------------------------C in c in n a ti, O hio— y .— d ., M a r. 1966 1_________________
K
In
C le v e la n d , O hio, S e p t. 1965____________________________
C o lu m b u s, O hio, O ct. 1965_____________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , N ov. 1 9 6 5 ________________________________

1 4 6 5 -3 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 8 ,
1 4 3 0 -6 5 ,
1 4 3 0 -6 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -8 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 4 ,

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O m ah a, N e b r . —
Iow a, O ct. 1965 1 -----------------------------P a t e r so n — lifto n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M ay 1 9 6 5 ___________
C
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . - N . J . , N ov. 1965 1__________________
P h o e n ix , A r iz . , M a r . 1966 1___________________________
P itts b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1966_____________________________
P o r tla n d , M a in e , N ov. 1965 1___________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g . — ash. , M ay 1965_____________________
W
P r o v id e n c e — a w tu c k e t, R . I . — a s s . ,
P
M

1 4 6 5 -1 3 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 3 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 0 ,

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1 4 3 0 -6 7 ,

D av e n p o rt— o c k Isla n d — o lin e, Iow a—
R
M
111.,
O ct. 1 9 6 5 _______________________________________________
D ay ton , O hio, J a n . 1 9 6 6 1_______________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o ., D e c . 1 9 6 5 1 ____________________________
D e s M o in e s, Iow a, F e b . 1966 1___________________ -____
D e tr o it, M ich . , J a n . 1966_______________________________
F o r t W orth, T e x . , N ov. 1965___________________________
G r e e n B a y , W is. , A ug. 1965___________________________
G r e e n v ille , S . C . , M ay 1965____________________________
H o u sto n , T e x . , Ju n e 1965_______________________________
I n d ia n a p o lis , In d ., D e c . 1965 1_________________________

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1 4 6 5 -1 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 ,
1 4 3 0 -6 9 ,
1 4 3 0 -8 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 1 ,

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S t. L o u is , M o .—
111. , O ct. 1965_________________________
S a lt L a k e C ity , U tah, D e c . 1965_______________________
S a n A n ton io, T e x . , Ju n e 1965 1_________________________
S a n B e r n a r d in o — iv e r s id e — n ta r io , C a lif . ,
R
O
S e p t. 1965 1_____________________________________________
S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , N ov. 1 9 6 5 -----------------------------------S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k lan d , C a l i f . , J a n . 1 9 6 6 1___________
O
S a n J o s e , C a lif . , S e p t. 1965 1 ----------------------------------Sa v an n ah , G a . , M ay 1 9 6 5 ----------------------------------------S c ra n to n , P a . , A ug. 1965 1_____________________________
S e a ttle — v e r e t t , W a s h ., O ct. 1965 1-------------------------E

1 4 6 5 -2 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 2 ,
1 4 3 0 -8 1 ,

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1 4 6 5 -2 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 9 ,
1 4 3 0 -6 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 ,
1 4 6 5 -9 ,

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1 4 6 5 -4 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 7 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 ,

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1 4 6 5 -5 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 1 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 0 ,

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S io u x F a l l s , S . D a k ., O ct. 1 9 6 5 1 ______________________
South B e n d , In d ., M a r . 1966 1__________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h ., Ju n e 1965 1___________________________
T o le d o , Ohio— ic h ., F e b . 1966_________________________
M
T re n to n , N . J . , D ec . 1965_______________________________
W ash in gton , D. C . - M d .- V a . , O ct. 1 9 6 5 _______________
W a te rb u ry , C o n n ., M a r. 1966 1________________________
W a te rlo o , Iow a, N ov. 1 9 6 5 _____________________________
W ich ita, K a n s . , O ct. 1965______________________________
W o r c e s te r , M a s s . , Ju n e 1 9 6 5 __________________________
Y o rk , P a . , F e b . 1 9 6 6 1_________________________________
Y ou ngstow n — a rre n , O hio, N ov. 1 9 6 5 1 _______________
W

1 4 6 5 -1 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 5 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 1 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 5 ,

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Ja c k s o n , M i s s . , . F e b . 1966 1___________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1966___________________________
K a n s a s C ity , M o .— a n s . , N ov. 1965 1 _________________
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h ill, M a s s . — H. , Ju n e 1965 ________
H
N.
L it t le R ock— o rth L it t le R o c k , A rk . , A ug. 1965______
N
L o s A n g e le s — o n g B e a c h and A n ah eim — a n ta A n a L
S
G a rd e n G r o v e , C a l i f ., M a r . 1966 1 ___________________
L o u i s v i l le , K y .—
Ind. , F e b . 1966_______________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , Ju n e 1 9 6 5 ______________________________
M a n c h e s te r , N. H . , A ug. 1965__________________________
M e m p h is, T en n .— r k ., 1966 1___________________________
A
M ia m i, F l a . , D e c . 1965 1_______________________________
M id lan d and O d e s s a , T e x ________________________________

*

(N o t previou sly surveyed)

D ata on establishm ent practices and supplem entary wage provisions are also presented,
B u lletins dated before July 1965 were e n title d "O c c u p a tio n a l Wage Surveys."




R a le ig h , N. C . , S e p t. 1965 1-------------------------------------- 1 4 6 5 -1 0 ,
R ich m o n d , V a . , N ov. 1 9 6 5 1 ------------------------------------- 1 4 6 5 -2 8 ,
R o c k fo r d , 111. , M ay 1965------------------------------------------ 1 4 3 0 -6 3 ,

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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102