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PORTLAND, OREGON—WASHINGTON
MAY 1965

H i i l l r l i n No. 1430-70




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz. Se< rotary
BUREAU O F LABOR S T A H ' " '
Ewan Clagun, ( ommi




Occupational Wage Survey
PORTLAND, OREGON-WASHINGTON




MAY 1965

Bulletin No. 1430-70
June 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
W . W illard W irtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price *5 cents




P refa ce

Contents
Page

The B u reau o f L a b or S ta tistics p r o g r a m o f annual
o c cu p a tio n a l w age su r v e y s in m e tro p o lita n a r e a s is d e ­
sign ed to p r o v id e data on occu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s, and e s t a b ­
lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s . It
y ie ld s d eta iled data b y s e le c t e d in d u stry d iv is io n s fo r each
o f the a r e a s stu d ied, fo r e c o n o m ic r e g io n s , and fo r the
United S tates. A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the p r o g r a m is
the n eed fo r g r e a te r in sigh t into (1) the m ov em en t o f w ages
b y o ccu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the s t r u c ­
tu re and le v e l o f w a g es am ong a r e a s and in d u stry d iv is io n s .
A t the end o f ea ch s u r v e y , an in div idu al a rea b u l­
letin p r e s e n ts s u r v e y r e s u lts fo r each a r e a studied. A fte r
c o m p le tio n o f a ll o f the in dividu al a re a b u lletin s fo r a
round o f s u r v e y s , a tw o -p a r t su m m a ry b u lletin is is su e d .
The f i r s t pa rt b r in g s data fo r each o f the m e tro p o lita n
a r e a s studied into one b u lletin . The secon d pa rt p re se n ts
in fo rm a tio n w h ich has b een p r o je c te d fr o m in div idu al m e t ­
ro p o lita n a r e a data to re la te to e c o n o m ic r e g io n s and the
United S tates.
E ig h ty -tw o a r e a s c u r r e n tly a r e in clu d ed in the
p r o g r a m . In form a tion on o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s is c o lle c t e d
annually in each a r e a . In form a tion on esta b lish m en t p r a c ­
tic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s is obtain ed b ie n ­
n ia lly in m o s t o f the a r e a s .

In trod u ction ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s ____________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A.

E sta b lish m en ts and w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e o f su r v e y and
num ber stu d ied ______________________________________________________
In dexes o f stan dard w eek ly s a la r ie s and str a ig h t-tim e h ou rly
earn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g ro u p s , and p e r ce n ts o f
in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s ______________________________________
O ccu p a tion a l e a r n in g s :*
A -1 . O ffice o c cu p a tio n s — en and w om en __________________________
m
A -2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s— en and w o m e n __
m
A -3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s—
m en and w om en c o m b in e d ___________________________________
A -4 . M ain ten an ce and p ow erp lan t o c cu p a tio n s ____________________
A -5 . C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m ov em en t o c c u p a t io n s _____________

A p p en d ixes:
A . C hanges in o ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t i o n s ______________________________
B. O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip t i o n s ___________________________________________

This b u lletin p r e se n ts re s u lts o f the s u rv e y in
P o rtla n d , O re g .— a s h ., in M ay 1965. It w as p r e p a r e d in
W
the Bureau*s re g io n a l o ffic e in San F r a n c is c o , C a lif., by
R a n d all L. T a lb ot, under the d ir e c tio n o f W illia m P.
0 *C on n or.
The study w as under the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f
John L . D ana, A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r fo r W ages and
In d u stria l R e la tio n s .




1
3

* N O TE: S im ila r tabu lation s a r e a v a ila b le fo r oth er
a r e a s . (S ee in sid e b a ck c o v e r .)
C u rren t r e p o r ts on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and s u p p le ­
m en ta ry w age p r a c t ic e s in the P o rtla n d a r e a a r e a ls o a v a il­
ab le f o r auto d e a le r r e p a ir sh ops (S ep tem b er 1964),
banking (N o v e m b e r 1964), flu id m ilk (O cto b e r 1964), and
the m a ch in e ry in d u strie s (M ay 1964). Union s c a le s , in d ic ­
a tive o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a r e a ls o a v a ila b le fo r
bu ildin g c o n s tr u c tio n , p rin tin g, lo c a l-t r a n s it op era tin g e m ­
p lo y e e s , and m o to r tr u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

iii

2

2

4
7
8
9
10

13
15




Occupational Wage Survey—Portland, Oreg.—Wash.
Introduction
O ccu p a tio n a l em p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a r e show n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch e d u le
in the g iv e n o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in g s data e x clu d e p r e ­
m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ifts .
N on p rod u ction b o n u se s a r e e x clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
b o n u se s and in ce n tiv e ea rn in g s a r e in clu d e d . W h ere w e e k ly h ou rs a r e
r e p o r t e d , as f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e fe r e n c e is to the w o r k
sc h e d u le s (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) f o r w h ich s tr a ig h t -tim e
s a la r ie s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r th e se o c cu p a tio n s have
b e e n roun ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 82 in w h ich the U .S . D ep a rtm en t o f L a b or*s
B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistic s con d u cts s u r v e y s o f o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s
and r e la te d w age b e n e fits on an a r e a w id e b a s is .
T h is b u lletin p r e s e n ts c u r r e n t o c cu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a rn in g s in fo rm a tio n ob ta in ed la r g e ly b y m a il fr o m the e s ta b lis h m e n ts
v is it e d b y B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is t s in the la s t p r e v io u s s u r v e y fo r
o c cu p a tio n s r e p o r t e d in that e a r lie r study. P e r s o n a l v is it s w e r e m ade
to n o n re sp o n d e n ts and to th o s e re sp o n d e n ts r e p o rtin g unusual ch a n g es
s in c e the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n te d r e fle c t c o m p o s it e , a r e a w id e e s t im a te s .
In d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and jo b staffin g and,
th u s, co n trib u te d iffe r e n tly to the e s tim a te s f o r each jo b .
The pay
r e la tio n s h ip ob ta in a b le fr o m the a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e fle c t a c c u r a te ly
the w a g e s p re a d o r d iffe r e n t ia l m a in ta in ed am ong jo b s in in dividu al
e s ta b lis h m e n ts . S im ila r ly , d iffe r e n c e s in a v e r a g e pay le v e ls fo r m en
and w om en in any o f the s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s sh ou ld not be a s su m e d to
r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay tre a tm e n t o f the s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u al e s ­
ta b lis h m e n ts . O th er p o s s ib le fa c t o r s w h ich m a y c on trib u te to d if f e r ­
e n c e s in pay fo r m en and w o m e n in clu d e : D iffe r e n c e s in p r o g r e s s io n
w ith in e s ta b lis h e d rate r a n g e s , s in c e on ly the actu al r a te s paid in ­
cu m b en ts a r e c o lle c t e d ; and d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific du ties p e r fo r m e d ,
although the w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s ifi e d w ithin the sa m e
s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u se d in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s
in th e se s u r v e y s a r e u su a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llow fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e s ­
ta b lish m e n ts in the s p e c ifi c du ties p e r fo r m e d .

In each a r e a , data a r e ob ta in ed fr o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g; t r a n s ­
p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ;
r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r
in d u stry g ro u p s e x clu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
tion s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts
having fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e
th ey tend to fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t em p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n s stud ied
to w a r ra n t in c lu s io n . S ep a ra te ta b u la tion s a r e p r o v id e d fo r each o f the
b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e co n d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
To
obtain op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f
la r g e than o f sm a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied . In co m b in in g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iven th e ir a p p ro p r ia te w e ig h t. E s ­
tim a te s b a s e d on the e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e ,
as re la tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a ,
e x ce p t f o r th o se b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied .

O ccu p a tion a l em p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in all
e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m ber a ctu a lly
s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l stru c tu re am ong e s ­
ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o ccu p a tio n a l em p lo y m e n t obtain ed fr o m
the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the r e la tiv e
im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s stu d ied .
T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p a tio n a l
str u c tu r e do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the ea rn in g s data.

O ccu p a tio n s and E a rn in gs
The o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(3) m a in ten a n ce and p ow erp la n t; and (4) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O ccu p a tion a l c la s s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m set o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take a cco u n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u ties w ith in the sa m e jo b .
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in ap pen dix B .
E a rn in g s data fo r so m e o f
the o c c u p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d a r e not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s
ta b le s b e c a u s e e ith e r ( l ) em p loy m en t in the o c cu p a tio n is to o s m a ll
to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p r e se n ta tio n , o r (2) th e r e is p o s s i ­
b ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e sta b lis h m e n t data.




E sta b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p lem en tary W age P r o v is io n s
T a b u la tion s on s e le c t e d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le­
m en ta ry w ag e p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a r e not p r e se n te d in this
b u lle tin .
In fo rm a tio n fo r th e se ta bu la tion s is c o lle c t e d b ien n ia lly in
th is a r e a .
T h e s e tabu la tion s on m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s
fo r
in e x p e r ie n c e d w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ; sh ift d iffe r e n t ia ls ; sch ed u led
w e e k ly h o u r s ; pa id h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth, in su r a n ce ,
and p e n sio n p la n s; a r e p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b les) in p r e v io u s
b u lletin s f o r th is a r e a .
1

2




T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu d ie d in P o r tla n d , O r e g .— a s h . , 1
W
b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n , 2 M a y 1965
N u m ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in s c o p e
o f study

In d u stry d iv is io n

W ithin s c o p e
o f stu d y 3

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

Studied

W ithin s c o p e
o f s tu d y 4

Studied

592

158

121. 300

6 8 .5 8 0

50
“

245
347

65
93

54, 800
66, 500

30, 860
37, 720

50
50
50
50
50

60
87
93
52
55

23
20
26
10
14

21,
10,
20,
8,
6,

15,
2,
13,
4,
1,

A ll d iv is io n s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------M anuf a c tu r in g ------------------------------------- ----------------- ------------------ ----N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5—------------------ —
.... .. — ----W h o le s a le tr a d e 6-------------------------------------------------------------------R e ta il t r a d e ------------------------------------------ ---------- —— ---------------F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te 6------------------------—- —
S e r v ic e s 6 7

200
400
100
800
000

240
950
020
690
820

1 T h e P o r t la n d S tand ard M e tro p o lita n S t a tis tic a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f C la c k a m a s , M u ltn om a h , and W a sh in gton C ou n ties , O r e g .; and C la r k County,
W ash.
T he " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y" e s t im a t e s show n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n
o f the la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y .
T h e e s t im a t e s a r e not in ten ded, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er e m p lo y m e n t
in d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r l e v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e o f e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d
c o n s id e r a b ly in ad v a n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d itio n o f the S tand ard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w a s u s e d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 In clu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll o u tlets (w ith in the a r e a ) o f co m p a n ie s in su ch
in d u s t r ie s as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 esta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t (w ithin the a r e a ) at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l t o w a te r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and " n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s .
S ep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n
o f data f o r th is d iv is io n is not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is t o o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data
to m e r it s e p a r a te study, (2) the sa m p le w a s not d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r in adequ ate to
p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s i b il i t y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (e x c lu d in g
r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n z ia t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

T a b le 2.

In d exes o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s in
P o r tla n d , O r e g .— a s h ., M ay 1965 and M a y 1964, and p e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
W
intit;x e s
(M a y 1<>61 = 100)

P e r c e n ts o f in cre a se

In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p
M ay 1965

M ay 1964

M ay 1964
to
M ay 1965

M a y 1963
to
M ay 1964

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n )—
In d u stria l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )----S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m en )
U n s k ille d plant (m en )

113.0
121.8
113.0
115.1

M anuf a ctu r in g :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m e n and w om en )---------In d u s tria l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )----S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m e n )U n s k ille d plant ( m e n ) -----------------------------

111.1

107.5

(M
112.5
112.9

(')

(l )

C)

108.5
110.2

3.7
2.4

3.6
6 .4

D ata d o not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r it e r i a .

109.4
117.3
108.9
110.4

M ay 1962
to
M ay 1963

M ay 1961
to
M ay 1962

M a y 1960
to
M a y 1961

3.3
3.8
3.8
4.2

4.5
1.4
3.2
2.8

2.9
10.7
2.9
3.7

1.7
4.5
2.5
3.6

2.8
2.3
3.3
3.4

3.3

5.0

1.5
12.1
2.0
1.1

.9
5.2
2.7
2.5

3.8
1.2
2.9
2.4

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n te d in ta ble 2 a r e in d ex es and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change
in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a rn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g ro u p s .
For office clerical workers and industrial n u rses, the p e r­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is , the standard work schedule for which straight-tim e
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they m easure changes
in average straight-tim e hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude m ost of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerk s, accounting,
class A and B; clerk s, file, class A , B , and C; cle rk s, order; clerk s,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and g irls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; m achinists; m e ­
chanics; m echanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die m akers; unskilled— janitors, p orters, and cleaners; and lab orers,
m aterial handling.
A v e ra g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly ea rn in g s w e r e
com p u ted fo r e a ch o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s . The a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly ea rn in g s w e r e then m u ltip lie d b y e m p lo y m e n t in ea ch o f
the jo b s du ring the p e r io d su r v e y e d in 1961. T h e s e w eig h ted ea rn in g s




fo r in dividu al o c cu p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d to obtain an a g g re g a te fo r
ea ch o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p . F in a lly , the r a tio (e x p r e s s e d as a p ercen ta g e)
o f the g rou p a g g re g a te fo r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te fo r the oth er
y e a r w as com p u ted and the d iffe r e n c e betw een the r e s u lt and 100 is
the p e r ce n ta g e o f change fr o m the one p e r io d to the oth er.
The
in d ex es w e r e com p u ted by m u ltip ly in g the r a tio s fo r each grou p
a g g re g a te fo r ea ch p e r io d a fte r the b a se y e a r (19 61 ).
The in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly ,
the e ffe c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l s a la ry and w age ch a n g es; (2) m e r it o r oth er
in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d b y in d iv id u al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e
jo b ; and (3) ch a n g es in a v e r a g e w a g e s due to ch a n ges in the la b o r f o r c e
r e su ltin g fr o m la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n sio n s, fo r c e r e d u c tio n s ,
and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by e sta b lish m en ts
w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
C hanges in the la b o r fo r c e can ca u se
in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o ccu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout actu a l
w ag e ch a n g es.
F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e ex p a n sion m igh t in c r e a s e the
p r o p o r tio n o f lo w e r paid w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific o ccu p a tio n and lo w e r
the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a re d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r paid
w o r k e r s w ou ld have the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . S im ila r ly , the m ov em en t o f
a h ig h -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a cou ld ca u se the a v e r a g e
e a rn in g s to d r o p , even though no change in r a te s o c c u r r e d in oth er
e sta b lis h m e n ts in the a r e a .
The u se o f con stan t e m p loy m en t w eigh ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
of changes in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n te d in ea ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
The p e r c e n ta g e s o f change r e fle c t on ly changes in
a v e ra g e pay fo r s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u r s.
T h ey a re not in flu en ced by
changes in stan dard w o rk sc h e d u le s , as su ch , o r by p rem iu m pay
fo r o v e r tim e .

4

A.

O ccupational E arnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P o r t la n d , O r e g .-W a s h ., M a y 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Nlllllw

$

Average
weekly

$
45

$

$

%

Number o f w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
$
*
%
%
$
*
i
%
%
$
%
%
%
%
%
%
70
75
80
85
90
95
100 105 110 115
130 140 150 160
120
125

of
workers

(standard]

Mean2

$
120.00
111.00
124.50
134.00

Median2

$
122.00
106.50
126.00
134.50

Middle range 2

$
$
104.00-133.50
101.00-126.00
107.50-134.50
123.50-144.00

55

60

65

50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

—
-

-

—
-

-

-

—
-

—
—

—
—

5
5

8
4
4
4

and
under
105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

1
—
-

33
15
18
~

21
9
12
-

3
3
—

6
2
4
2

18
1
17
9

14
5
9
1

30
3
27
10

17
3
14
14

7
3
4
4

4
—
4
4

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------

167
54
113
48

40* 0
39.5
40.0
40.0

_

-

-

~

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B NONMANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------

123
106
46

40.0 108.00 110.00 97 .00-119.00
40.0 107.50 110.00 97.50-118.00
40 .0 116.50 115.50 108.00-128.00

—
*

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

16
16
-

7
6
2

2
-

14
10
6

13
12
-

10
10
6

16
16
8

20
16
12

8
8
-

4
2
2

7
4
4

4
4
4

2
2

_
_

2

-

CLERKS, OROER ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING -----

208
54
154

40.0 115.00 117.50 105.50-130.50
40.0 L23.50 122.50 107.50-134.50
40.0 112.00 117.00 105.00-126.50

_

_

_

_

_

_

8

20

_

20

12
5
7

29
8
21

4
4

42
9
33

46
15
31

6
6

17

11
4
7

2

8

_
-

17

2
2

-

9
5
4

CLERKS, PAYROLL

33

40.0 114.00 120.00 107.50-124.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

2

-

12

1

1

11

4

1

-

-

-

OFFICE BOYS --NONMANUFACTURING

67
47

39.5
39.5

65.00- 76.00
65.00- 70.00

_

1

12
10

4
2

31
24

2
1

5
1

2

1
~

_

6
6

3
3

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

38
27

40.0 128.50 125.50 121.00-134.00
40.0 132.50 127.50 123.00-140.00

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

*
*

~

2
“

~

2
~

3
“

12
12

6
4

7
5

1
1

5
5

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------

77
43
34

40.0 105.00 103.00
40.0 102.50 99.00
39.5 108.50 111.00

96.50-115.00
95.50-111.50
99.00-117.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

11
3
8

7
1
6

3
2
1

6
3
3

2
2

-

-

74.00
76.50
72.00

61.00- 85.50
67.50- 86.50
55.50- 84.50

“

17
17

9
9

_

_

”

5
5

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE I ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

114
42
72

40.0
39.5
40.0

71.00
72.00

67.50
67.50

69.50
74.00
66.50

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
M A C H I N E ) ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

34
34

40.0
40.0

67.50
67.50

68.00
68.00

66.00- 70.00
66.00- 70.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

94
59
35

40 .0
40.0
40.0

95.00
94.50
95.50

93.00
93.50
92.50

87.00-102.00
89.50- 99.00
79.50-120.00

199
56
143

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

82.00
85.00
80.50
71.50

80.50
86.00
79.00
68.50

71 .5 077 .0 070.0062 .5 0-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING ---RETAIL TRAOE -----CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------RETAIL TRAOE ------------S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




33

295
92
203
68

39.5 101.00 103.50
39.5 104.50 106.00
40.0 99.00 102.50
40.0 94.00 94.00

89.50
94.00
88.50
86.00

89.50-113.50
92.50-118.00
88.50-112.50
86.00-102.50

-

_

_

_

-

~

~

_
-

1
1

_
-

2
2

7
7

12
4
8

21
13
8

12
6
6

10
7
3

4
4

10
8
2

_

22
22

6
6

~

_

_

2

_

_

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

”

“

_

_

-

8

-

-

-

8
8

5
2
3

1

_
-

_

2

2

—
-

-

-

2

2

'

"

'

~
2
2

24
15
9

7

4
4

8

~

2

8

7

5
5

7
7

—

~

1
1

-

2

l

14
14

8

8
2
6

29
13
16

11
11

~

24
20
4

16
4
12

40
10
30

8
8

16

-

16

14
1
13
13

30
6
24

26
10
16
12

30
5
25
11

26
2
24

4
-

13

7

33

—

4

13

4
3

'

'

15
18
13

-

-

7
1
6

_

_

_

_

_

-

—

-

—

12
9
3

3

14
12
2

_

7

-

7

24

29

7

9

15
8

20

35
17
18

3

9

2
1

4
3

—

-

3

3
2
1

-

2

-

_

_

.

—

-

-

~

~

_

_

_

-

-

-

2

_

—

-

_
-

—

2

4

1

9

2

52
5
47

9

’

1

12
10
2

2

-

"

‘

'

5
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P o r t la n d , O r e g .—W a sh ., M ay 1965)

Number o f w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
Number

$

S

$

S

$

workers

weekly
hours1
(standard]

*

S

S

*

S

$

S

$

$

S

S

$

%

$

S

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

45

*

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

1

21

44
3
41

26
4
22

9
4
5
2
1

18
11
7
1
2

9
3
6
6

13
9

19
15

7
7
3

-

43

45
19
26
5
11

-

-

63
19
44
5
16

19

-

102
12
90
5
61

74
7
67

-

74
27
47
4
17

-

21

3
3
3

5
5
1

8
7
3

8
8
5

1
1

6
6

-

2
2
2

8
8
8

3
3
3

4
4
4

13
3
10
6

and
und er

WOMEN - CONTINUED
$
71.00- 89.00
72.50- 92.00
70.00- 88.00
85.00-117.00
69.50- 86.00

566
121
445
58
203

$
$
40.0 80.50 79.00
40.0 82.00 81.00
40.0 80.50 78.50
40.0 103.00 110.50
40.0 76.00
77.50

$

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING. CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------RETAIL TRAOE ------------------

17

17

4

38
11
27
1
13

CLERKS. FILE, CLASS A -------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3--------------

86
85
29

40.0 84.00 77.50
77.00
40.0 84.00
40.0 102.00 110.50

68.00- 97.00
68.00- 97.00
85.50-116.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

38
38

-

-

-

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3--------------

203
48
155
40

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

74.50 71.50
73.00
74.50
70.50
75.00
96.00 100.50

61 .5 0- 86.00
64.00- 83.00
61.00- 88.50
88.50-106.50

_
-

14
2
12

26
6
20

35
5
30

-

-

22
7
15
2

16
5
11
2

12
7
5
1

25
8
17
1

CLERKS. FILE, CLASS C -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

123
108

39.0
39.0

58.50
57.50

56.50
55.50

53.00- 64.50
52.50- 60.50

-

51
51

32
30

11
9

13
10

10
2

_

-

-

6
6

CLERKS, OROER ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

358
98
260

40.0
40.0
40.0

75.00
81.00
72.50

73.00
80.00
70.00

63.00- 84.50
73.50- 87.00
60.00- 82.00

_
-

8
8

56

44

36
14
22

59
15
44

39
21
18

29
19
10

CLERKS, PAYROLL -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------RETAIL TRAOE ------------------

306
136
170
62
59

40.0 92.50 92.50
40.0 90.00 91.50
40.0 95.00
93.50
40.0 108.50 112.50
40.0 82.00 80.00

80.50-103.50
80.50-101.00
81.00-108.00
95.00-119.00
74.00- 91.00

_
-

29
8
21
2
14

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------RETAIL TRAOE ------------------

255
127
128
46

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

87.50 90.50
94.50 100.50
80.50
76.50
73.00 69.00

74.50-102.00
90.50-103.00
69.50- 91.50
63.50- 86.00

-

31
14
17
2

72.00

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATORS
tMIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO) ------------

37

-

1
-

1

-

-

_
“

-

-

56

44

2

4

-

-

2

4

19
15
4

-

-

-

2

4

4

20
10
10
4
6

3

16

16
1
15
11

33
7
26
5

-

-

3
3

16
12

3
1

OFFICE GIRLS ----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

173
41
132

39.0
40.0
39. 0

59.00
59 .5C
59.00

57.00
57.50
57.00

54.00- 61.00
54.00- 62.50
53.50- 61.00

_

58
13
45

68
16
52

21
5
16

SECRETARIES -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------RETAIL TRAOE ------------------

962
435
527
121

39.5 97.50
95.50
40.0 97.00
96.50
39.5 98.00 94.50
40.0 110.50 117.00
93.50
40.0 91.50

86.00-106.00
87.00-104.50
85.00-109.50
84.00-133.00
86 .50- 99.00

_
-

_
-

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta ble.




O

-

4
4

O

4
-

86

“

“

“

“

~

~

35
13
22

14
6
8

5
5

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28
28

4
4

-

32
21
11
2
7

22
7
15

23
7
16

33
27
6
5

22
1
21
8
7

11
6
5
5

19
2
17
17

6
6
6

3
2
1
1

3
1
2
2

6

56
29
27
8
8

5

21
9
12
6

28
19
9
6

14

67
63
4

io

10
2
8

1

-

7
3

-

-

-

32
3
29
28

6
1
5
5

11

9

-

-

11
11

9
9

-

-

1
1

1
1

112
62
50
1
7

55
36
19
4

31
15
16
2

2

5

64
11
53
26
1

-

5
1

-

30

_
-

-

-

40
13
27
12

84.50
62.00
86.00
87.00

-

-

23
21
2
1

68.5068.0070.0080.00-

_

-

40

76.50
75.50
80.50
83.50

-

-

25
18
7

76.50
75.00
77.00
78.00

3

-

30
14
16

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

15
25

“

l

7
1

9

3

6

6

3
2
1

2
1
1

8

12
6
6
-

45
11
34

38
22
16

3

116
42
74
21
8

-

-

-

4
4
-

-

-

-

3

8

5

2

1

-

-

-

215
96
119
29

~

-

“

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------RETAIL TRAOE ------------------

-

-

5

-

-

-

1

-

-

4
4

43
21
22

5

-

4

4

_
-

-

8
8

52
19
33
2

-

-

8

8

-

_

-

-

8

35
14
21
12

6

73.00- 90.50
74.00- 87.50
73 .0 0- 94.00
79.50-105.00

-

2
2

8
8

10

-

83.50 81.00
81.50 81.50
84.00 80.50
95.50 100.50

2
-

9
2

116
21
95
15

-

40. 0
40.0
40. 0
40.0

1
1
-

9

7

67.50- 78.50

353
94
259
104

-

-

11
5
6
6

12
6
6

73.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTIL ITIES3-------------

-

-

13

5

5

25
8

-

-

1
5
9

1

-

2

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

“

1
1
1

3
2
1
1

-

-

1

22
5
17
13

10

6
3
3
2

12

4

6
4

5

~

7

-

3

2

-

3

2

110
56
54

139
57
92
3
12

132
73
59
1
24

5

19

26
13
13
8
-

9
7
2
2

42
15
27
17

19
3
16
16

-

-

-

-

6
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , P o r t la n d , O r e g .— a sh ., M ay 1965)
W
Wedcly earnings1
_____(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

$

45

$

$

$

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

ISO

160

170

15
4
11

43
15
28

65
7
58

93
30
63

70
27
43

67
46
19

40
30
10
5

37
31
6

22
4
18
18

12
4

16
16

45
41

7

14

11

68

89
20

59
14
45
13

34
14
20
7

23
11
12

6

15
5

11

61
24
37
7

26

14

19
4
15

20
16

10
10

34
34

26
22

10
6

31
26

13
10
2

40
25
15

68
17
51

23
11

34
20

12

14

34
17
17

and
un d er

50

$

$

$
7 0 .5 074.0068.5099.00-

$
91.00
88.50
98.00
112.50

STENOGRAPHERS* GENERAL ------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

541
202
339
94

39.5
81.50
78.50
40.0 80.50
82.00
39.0 82.00 75.50
40.0 105.00 1C8.50

STENOGRAPHERS* SENIOR --------------MA NU FACTURING -------------------NU NM ANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S3---------------

476
137
339

39.5 92.50 90.50 8 3 . 5 0 101.00
40.0 93.00 91.50 8 4 . 0 0 101.50
39.0 92.50 90.00
8 3 . 0 0 - 101.00
40.0 112.50 112.50 101.00-121.50

SW IT CH BO AR D OP ER AT OR S---------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3 --------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------

179
160
52
29

39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0

79.00 77.00
79.00
77.00
99.00 100.50
66.50 67.00

65 .50- 91.00
64.50- 93.00
93.00104.00
61.00- 69.50

SW IT CH BO AR D 0PERAT0R-RECEPTI0NISTSMA NUFACTURING -------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------

312
136
176
38

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

76.50
78.00
75.00
67.50

74.50
77.50
70.00
66.50

66.00- 86.50

40.0
40.0

90.50
90.50

91.00
91.00

82.00- 99.00
82.00- 98.50

8

1

28
40

66 . 00 - 88.00
65.50- 85.50
62.50- 69.00

25
13
12

20

2

29
14
15
3

1
12
14
14

2
10
10

1
1
1

18
18
18

11
10

1

6
19
5
14

12

18

11
1

2
2

10

TABULA TIN G -M A C H IN E O PERATORS*

CLASS B -----------------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

17
13

TR AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L -----------------------------MA NU FACTURING -------------------NUNMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

175
27
148

39.5
40.0
39.5

81.50
84.50
81.00

80.50
83.00
79.00

72.50- 89.00
76 .5 0- 95.00
72.00- 88.50

3

19

2

18

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------NU NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

243
85
158

39.5
40.0
39.0

82.00
80.50
83.00

78.50
78.00
79.00

69.50- 91.00
69.50- 89.50
69.50- 94.00

25
5
20

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S3--------------

763
170
593
26

39.0
40.0
39.0
40.0

67.00
72.00
65.50
83.00

65.50
69.50
64.50
78.00

59.5063.5058.5072.50-

167
37
130

72.50
79.00
71.00
98.00

1

79
79

119
16
103

15
15

43
4
39

19
16

27

41
18
23

37

29

11

15

14

155
38
117
3

111
22
89

55
18
37
4

19
3
16

25
12

26

1

28

1

3

13
30
14
16
3

12
12

1 S tandard h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T he m e a n is co m p u te d f o r e a ch jo b b y tota lin g the e a rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
The m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s itio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s su r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
than the ra te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the ra te show n.
The m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f pay; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a rn le s s than the lo w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a fo u r th e a rn m o r e than the
h ig h e r r a t e .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




7
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , P o rtla n d , O r e g .— a sh ., M a y 1965)
W
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f----

*

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

90

*

95

$

*
$
*
100 105 110

$
115

$
120

$
125

$
130

$
135

$
140

145

105

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

—
1

—

1
1

—
—

—
—

2
2.

and
under

95

100

110

115

WOMEN
$
O O

28
25

ii

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL IREGISTERED) --MANUFACTURING -------------------

$

109.00 108.50
108.50 108.00

$

97.5097.50-

$

119.00 3
114.50 3

8
7

—
—

5
5

5
5

1
1

3

1 S tandard h o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k ly
h ou rs.
2




F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s ,

s e e fo o tn o te 2,

ta b le A - l .

D ata w e r e n ot
d e s c r ip t io n s , w h ic h
It w a s not f e a s ib le
f o r d r a ft s m e n and

c o l le c t e d f o r d r a ft s m e n and t r a c e r s du e to the r e v i s io n o f o c c u p a tio n a l
w e r e r e v i s e d to fa c ilit a t e im p r o v e d c la s s ific a t io n .
(S ee a p p en d ix A .)
to c o l le c t e a rn in g s data b y m a il the f i r s t y e a r ; h o w e v e r , e a rn in g s data
t r a c e r s w ill b e c o l le c t e d b y p e r s o n a l v is i t and p u b lis h e d next y e a r .

8
Tabic A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , P o r t la n d , O r e g . —W a s h ., M a y 1965)
Average

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
woikers

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Average

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Average

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

566
152
414

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
9 0 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

6 7 .5 0
6 7 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL -------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S2RETAIL TRAOE -----

339
157
182
74
59

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

COMP TO ME TE R OP ERATORS ------MANU FA CT UR IN G ------------N U NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------RETAIL TRAOE ------------

255
127
128
46

199
56
143
33

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 2 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

RETAIL T R A D E ------------------------------------

4o2
146
316
104
66

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

689
138
551
104
203

4 0 .0
8 5 .5 0
4 0 .0
8 6 .0 0
8 5 .5 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0 1 0 9 .0 0
40. 0
7 6 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A --------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

91
90
34

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

206
48
158
43

4 0 .0
40. C
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 5 .0 0
7 3 . OC
7 6 .0 0
9 7 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

124
109

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

5 9 .0 0
5 7 .5 0

132
42
90
34

BILLERS* MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE! ----------------------------NUNM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

34
34

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

BU OK KEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS A -----------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N U NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

94
59
35

$
40. 0
7 9 .0 0
3 9 .5
7 6 .5 0
4 0 .0
8 0 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 0 2 .0 0

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS*
M A N U F A CT UR IN G --------------------N U NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------CLERKS* ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 6 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S2---------------

479
137
342
91

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

$
9 3 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0

9 5 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0
8 2 .0 0

S W I T CH BO AR D OP ER AT OR S---------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S2--------------RETAIL TRAOE --------------------

179
160
52
29

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
40. 0
4 0 .0

7 9 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
6 6 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 7 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
8 0 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

S W I T CH BO AR D OPER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --- ----------------

312
136
176
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 6 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
6 7 .5 0

48
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 4 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

T A B U LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

40
29

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A MA NU FACTURING --------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S2 ---------

353
94
259
104

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 3 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
9 5 .5 0

M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 2---------------

145
51
94
63

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 8 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

K E Y P UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NUNM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRAOE --------------------

215
96
119
29

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

7 6 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

T RANSCR 181NG -MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L -----------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

175
27
148

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 1 .5 0
8 4 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLSM A NU FA CT UR IN G -----NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S2

240
61
179
36

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

6 2 .5 0
6 2 .5 0
6 2 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

243
85
158

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

8 2 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
6 3 .0 0

SE CR ET AR IE S ---------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---NUNM AN UF AC TU RI NG PUBLIC UTILITIES
RETAIL TRAOE ---

969
435
534
128

9 8 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
9 8 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0
9 1 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S2---------------

763
170
593
26

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

6 7 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

86

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL •
MANU FA CT UR IN G ------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S2-

557
203
354
109

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 2 .5 0
8 0 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0

PR OFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
28
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0

DU PL ICATING-MACHINE OP ER AT OR S
(MIMEOGRAPH OR OITTO! ------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

T A B U L A TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,

1

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED! --M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regu lar straigh t-tim e sala rie s and the earnings co rre sp on d to these w eekly hours.
2 T ransportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.




Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

CFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - CO NTINUED

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - CO NTINUED
CLERKS, O R D E R ----------MANU FA CT UR IN G ------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---

BILLERS* MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE! ----------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NU NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S2---------------

Number
of
workers

9
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r m en in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , P o r t la n d , O r e g . — a sh . , M a y 1965)
W
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f —

Hourly earnings1

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

S

»
Mean2

Median2

Middle range2

U n d e r 2 , 4 0 2 .5 0
$
and
2 .4 0 u n d er

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

*

2 .8 0

*
$
2 . 9 0 3 .0 0

»
3 .1 0

*
3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

3 .4 0

$
4
3 .5 0 3 .6 0

$
S
S
S
S
*
$
3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0 3 .7 0

3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30 4.40

20
5
15
15

6
6
”

-

-

-

12
12

_

~

30

~

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

3
3

-

1
1

_

_

”

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

III
56
55
35

$
3 .3 9
3 .3 8
3 .4 1
3 .1 0

$
3 .3 9
3 .4 1
3 .3 7
3 .3 2

$
2 .8 7 2 .8 9 2 .7 9 2 .7 6 -

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ---------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UFACTURING -----------------

292
25B
34

3 .5 2
3 .5 3
3 .4 5

3 .4 5
3 .4 6
3 .2 6

3 . 3 3 - 3 .5 3
3 . 4 1 - 3 .5 3
3 .0 9 - 4 .0 6

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NU NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

208
156
52

3 .3 4
3 .3 3
3 .2 0

3 .4 1
3 .4 4
3 .1 6

3 . 1 5 - 3 .5 1
3 . 2 4 - 3 .5 3
3 . 1 3 - 3 .2 0

_
-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BUILER --------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

128
11 3

2 .7 4
2 .7 3

2 .7 1
2 .7 3

2 . 5 8 - 2 .8 9
2 . 5 8 - 2 .8 8

4
4

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE T R A D E S -------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

57
38

2 .7 4
2 .7 1

2 .8 2
2 .7 0

2 . 6 4 - 2 .8 7
2 . 6 0 - 2 .8 6

3
2

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

90
90

3 .3 2
3 .3 2

3 .3 8
3 .3 8

3 . 2 0 - 3 .4 5
3 . 2 0 - 3 .4 5

_

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

195
176

3 .4 4
3 .4 5

3 .4 2
3 .4 4

3 . 3 5 - 3 .4 9
3 .3 6 - 3 .4 9

_

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

674
194
480
402

3 .3 4
3 .3 0
3 .3 5
3 .3 5

3 .3 4
3 .3 3
3 .3 4
3 .3 5

3 .2 9 3 .2 4 3 .3 1 3 .3 1 -

_
-

$
3 .7 8
3 .6 8
3 .7 9
3 .3 7

3 .3 9
3 .4 2
3 .3 8
3 .3 8

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

~

8
8

2
2

_

19
18
1

6
-

-

3
3

129
129
-

33
33
-

26
22
4

2
2

56
56

26
26

38

-

14
8

_

_

4
4

-

1
1

_
_

20
12

8

-

-

-

_
_

~

4

6

30
30

4

4
4

_
-

1
1

29
29

38

-

“

_
“

-

15
12

16
16

29
24

4
4

31
31

7
6

_
-

8
8

10
10

3
3

29
11

_

_

3
3

4
4

6
6

10
10

2
2

25
25

34
34

3
3

-

_

1

~

~

~

9
3

59
47

75
75

23
23

30
28
2
2

_
-

78
45
33
3

384
65
319
287

76
28
48
38

24
24

66

-

-

_
-

-

_

_
-

_
-

_

-

~

_

_
-

-

~

_
-

3
3

-

12
12
1
1
-

3 . 1 6 - 3 .4 8
3 . 1 1 - 3 .4 8

2
2

59
59

2 .6 8
2 .6 8

2 .7 4
2 .7 4

2 . 5 9 - 2 .7 9
2 . 5 9 - 2 .7 9

4
4

_

12
12

5
5

24
24

10
10

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

68
59

3 .4 1
3 .4 4

3 .4 5
3 .4 5

3 . 4 0 - 3 .5 4
3 . 4 1 - 3 .4 9

_

_

_

1
l

9
4

1
1

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------

89
88

3 .4 5
3 .4 6

3 .4 5
3 .4 5

3 . 4 2 - 3 .4 8
3 . 4 3 - 3 .4 8

_

TUUL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------

77
77

3 .4 9
3 .4 9

3 .3 9
3 .3 9

3 . 2 1 - 3 .3 8
3 . 2 1 - 3 .8 8

-

66
-

64

5
5

2
2

1
1

10
10

39
39

87
87

16
16

67
40

_

_

_

—
-

-

—

4

-

-

2
2

_
-

_
-

6

3
3

6

_

_

-

-

_

-

“*

~

4

-

_

_

~
_

~

~

~

16
16

_

_

_

-

~

-

-

-

-

40
40

-

-

-

8

_

4

-

8
8

~

3

-

_

-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

1
1

5
5

-

_

_

-

-

and la te s h ift s .

2
2

3
3

8
8

9
9

251
251

3

52
50

3
3

33
33

4
4

2
2

2
2

1

45
45

79
79
2
2

5

_

-

5

-

-

_

~

~

-

7
7

12
12

~
_

4
4

-

_
-

4

4
4

3

3

3 .4 1
3 .4 2




10
2

“

“

h o lid a y s ,

10

3
3
“

37
36
l

-

3 .3 6
3 .3 7

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

-

1
1
“

~

“

25
11
14

6
4
2

620
591

MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------

_

12
5
7

_

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

_

12
18
18

S

-

_

12
8

_

-

_

-

~

~

~

-

14
14

16
16

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

10

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P o r t la n d , O r e g .— a s h ., M ay 1965)
W
Hourly eatilings2

O ccu p ation 1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

j
1.20
Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

*

$

$

i

1.30 1.40 1.50

$

$

$

$

$

$

S

I

i

$

s

I

I

%

2.90

1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .00 2.10 2. 20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80

3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80

%

%

%

%

and

under
1.30 1,40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00

ELEVATOR 0PERAT0RS« PASSENGER
(WOMEN) ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------RETAIL T R A D E ----------GUARDS AND WATCHMEN —
MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING —
WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING -----

83
83
53

$
1.50
1.50
1.50

$
1.46
1.46
1.61

$
1.291.291.28-

$
1.65
1.65
1.66

24
24
16

181
87
94

2.28
2.30
2.25

2.27
2.26
2.35

1.97- 2.55
1.98- 2.48
1.95- 2.57

4
4

26
26
26

5

21
21
3

~

-

_

-

6

1

4

—

-

-

—

-

-

6

1

4

3
44
28
16

24
10
14

2
1
1

9
8
1

_
-

~

31
25
6

25
-

25

2
1
1

6
-

6

_

14
9
5

8
4
4

1
1
~

-

-

69

2.21

2.19

1.96- 2.45

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28

6

1

6

-

25

-

-

-

3

-

-

1*209
434
775
122
249

2.13
2.30
2. 03
2.23
1.85

2.11
2.34
2.05
2.24
1.94

1.962.06 1.932.01 1.70-

2.36
2.52
2.17
2.51
2.01

_

1

38
-

-

-

4
—
4
1

5
3

-

~

1

36

8

82
53
29
29

-

-

109
62
47
16

33
33

-

18

11

89
43
46
18
8

-

38

176
59
117
26
56

41
30
11

-

225
38
187
28
99

202
18
184

—

35
11
24
1
8

65
65

1

48
19
29

_

-

35
2
33

5

-

21
1
20

245
226
30

1.92
1.92
1.52

1.93
1.93
1.55

1.82- 2.10
1.83- 2.10
1.50- 1.60

4
4
4

3
3
3

19
17
17

6
4
4

14
8
2

67
67

36
32

36
36

48
48

1

4

-

-

-

6
6

1
1

1*964
955
1*009
612
118

2.74
2.55
2.92
3.04
2.48

2.80
2.64
3.03
3.11
2.48

2.622. 43 2. 8 4 3 . 04 2 . 35 -

3.05
2.70
3.13
3.16
2.68

_

_

l

3

—

-

-

-

—

-

86
86

1

3

-

31
29
2

26
14
12

19
11
8

52
50
2

51
43
8

“

~

~

1

3

~

2

10

8

2

8

64
41
23
13
10

451
429
22
3
15

131
94
37
24
8

266
25
241

-

67
20
47
14
33

ORDER FILLERS ----MANUFACTURING --NONMANUFACTURING
RETAIL TRADE —

767
139
628
191

2.84
2.98
2.81
2.74

2.87
2.99
2.86
2.90

2.79 2.692 . 80 2. 65 -

2.98
3.38
2.95
2.97

3
3

32
4

—

31
8
23
13

PACKERS* SHIPPING —
MANUFACTURING --NONMANUFACTURING

326
59
267

2.72
2.34
2.81

2.83
2.39
2.84

2. 75 - 2.87
2.23- 2.53
2.82 - 2.87

19
19

_

-

16
9
7

18

232

RECEIVING CLERKS --MANUFACTURING --NONMANUFACTURING RETAIL TRADE --

148
100
48
32

2.82
2.88
2.70
2.56

2.89
2.89
2.89
2.59

2.642.72 2 . 48 2. 33 -

4
3
1
1

10
6
4
4

10
6
4
4

3
1
2
2

23
23

14
8
6
6

22
13
9

35
21
14
7

SHIPPING CLERKS ---MANUFACTURING --NONMANUFACTURING -

120
77
43

3.03
3.08
2.92

2.98
3.05
2.97

2. 73 - 3.37
2.73- 3.57
2.69- 3.07

1
1

17
15
2

4

4

_

-

—

11
11

4

~

16
7
9

14
7
7

10
10

4

27
11
16

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING
RETAIL TRADE —

231
128
103
33

2.93
2.98
2.86
2.90

2.97
2.96
3.01
3.05

2. 74 2 . 85 2 . 69 2.95 -

3.08
3.15
3.07
3.12

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

—

—

—

-

-

-

-

-

8
—

—

8
8

7

-

-

-

~

~

~

~

7
~

10
9
1
1

64
19
45
20

15
10
5
5

24
18
6

~

8
“

28
8
20
1

44
44

6
6

3*028
591
2*437
1*780
264

3.16
3.24
3.15
3.15
3.16

3.17
3.29
3.17
3.16
3*31

3.13 3.06 3.13 3. 13 3.14 -

3.26
3.62
3.22
3.19
3.36

_

_

-

7

2

6

_

6

_

—

—
—

—
—

-

—

—

—
~

—

7

6
6

—
-

32
3
29
—

-

-

-

8
2
6
6
-

18 1770
15 108
3 1662
— 1506
52

792
117
675
254
181

97
92
5

—

-

28
14
14
14
-

18
8
10

—

2
—
2

17
13
4

JANITORS* PORTERS* AND CLEANERS
MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4----------RETAIL TRADE --------------JANITORS* PORTERS* AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN)
NONMANUFACTURING ---RETAIL T R A D E -----LABORERS* MATERIAL HANDLING MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------

NONMANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC UTILITIES4------RETAIL TRAOE ------------

TRUCKDRIVERS5
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTILITIES4 —
RETAIL TRADE

See footnotes at end of table.




3.05
3.07
3.02
2.90

_

_

-

4

-

_

-

-

7

4

-

1

3

3

2

11

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

7
7

-

1
1

3
3

3
3

2
2

11
11

32
25
7
7

-

-

-r

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

6
6

12
12

8
8

5
4
1
1

-

-

10
3
7

-

1

-

2

-

-

-

-

1

-

1
1

—

2
2

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

~

1

3
-

3
3
_

1

—
—

2

14
11
3

—

10
10

6

-

-

—

3

6

—
-

_

—
—
—

-

32
-

—
-

—

-

17
12
5
~
22
22

-

-

13

87
62
25
9
1

609
31
578
549
4

70
14
56

262
3
259
39

150
20
130
70

83
20

18

232

—

-

-

—

2

-

83
-

3

-

_
—
—

46
39
7
7

27
27

_

3

-

~

8
8
—
“

15
15

176
176

11
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , P o rtla n d , O r e g .— a sh ., M a y 1965)
W

$
1 .2 0

L

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u str y d iv is io n
workers

Mean 3

Median 3

Middle range3

S
1 .3 0

S
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

S
1 .6 0

S
S
S
$
1 .7 0 1 .6 0 L .9 0 2 .0 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

7
7

2
2

6
6

_
-

_
-

$
2 . 10 2 . 2 0

$
2 .3 0

*
2 .4 0

%

$
2 .6 0

S
2 .7 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .4 0

i

2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$

2 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .6 0

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

*
o
o

N u m be r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings 2

II

13
13
~

16
2
14

11
11

15
11
4

3
2
1

3
1
2

50
3
47

2
2
~

4
4

16
1
15

9
9
-

13
3
10
10

1
1
1

15
7
8

_
-

-

-

1310
19
129 1
1220

107
42
65
9

%

%

and
u n d er
1 .3 0

1 .9 0 2 . 0 0

2 .1 0

2 .3 0

T R U C K O R I V E R S 5 - CONTINUED
TRUCKORIVERS, LIGHT IUNDER
1-1/2 TONS! ----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

138
46
92

$
2 .6 0
2 .5 6
2 .6 3

$
2 .6 3
2 .5 7
3 .0 2

$
2 .3 8 2 .3 8 2 .0 9 -

$
3 .1 2
2 .6 8
3 .1 4

TRUCKORIVERS. MEDIUM 11-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS I ----------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S4--------------RETAIL TRAOE --------------------

1 .5 6 6
172
1 .3 9 4
1 .2 4 0
80

3 .1 3
3 .2 7
3 .1 2
3 .1 3
3 .1 3

3 .1 5
3 .3 6
3 .1 5
3 .1 5
3 .1 0

3 .1 2 3 .1 3 3 .1 2 3 .1 2 3 .0 5 -

3 .1 8
3 .6 4
3 .1 8
3 .1 8
3 .2 4

TRUCKORIVERS. HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS.
TRAILER TYPE I --------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG — --------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S4---------------

1 .0 0 3
193
8 10
525

3 .2 5
3 .2 6
3 .2 4
3 .2 1

3 .2 4
3 .2 5
3 .2 4
3 .1 9

3 .1 7 3 .0 8 3 .1 7 3 .1 5 -

3 .3 1
3 .4 6
3 .3 0
3 .2 5

TRUCKORIVERS. HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS.
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE I -------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

288
121

3 .3 2
3 .2 0

3 .3 3
3 .2 4

3 . 1 8 - 3 .5 9
3 . 1 7 - 3 .2 9

TRUCKERS. POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S4---------------

898
456
4 42
3 26

2 .9 3
2 .6 9
3 .1 7
3 .2 3

3 .0 2
2 .7 2
3 .1 7
3 .3 1

2 .7 1 2 .5 2 3 .0 8 3 .1 5 -

TRUCKERS. POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ---------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

1
2
3
4
5

68

55

2 .8 1
2 .7 7

2 .7 5
2 .7 3

3 .2 4
2 .8 4
3 .3 4
3 .3 6

—
-

—
-

~

~

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

~

4
1
3

_
-

10
10

—
-

6
6
_
-

—
-

—
-

~

_
-

_
-

~

~

28

12
-

“

-

~

-

-

-

-

~

~

~

~

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

_

-

—

"

2 . 6 7 - 2 .8 6
2 . 6 7 - 2 .7 9

_

-

_

-

_

_
-

10
10

30
30

-

-

-

-

'

10

-

"

~

—

-

~

~

~

~

4
4

_

_

124
117

82
66
16

~

_

_

_

2

_

~

-

“

73
73
-

33
27
6

“

~

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

—

~

31
31

27
27

-

-

"

~

-

—

“

4
4
~

~

25
21

and la te sh ifts .

7
7
21
21

-

23
1

22

~

~

9
9

_

-

-

9
9

72
72

_
-

-

-

-

“

~

-

"

48
286
286

5 84
70
514
239

32
27
5

36
36
-

5

-

“

~

64
36

84
81

56

68

222
11
211
139

218
38
180
180

6
6

15
15

-

-

_

_

334
12

-

—
-

~

—

52

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
In clu d es a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a te d .




-

9

4

4

-

5

_
-

_
-

~

_




Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and w ill be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations w ill
be presented next year.

Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

13




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFI CE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type ol machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shinnine charges and entrv of necessarv extensions.
which m ay or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’ bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

15

16
CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER—Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

17
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e t c . , are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e t c .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming m ail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential m ail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-tim e assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g . , because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for c a lls .)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. ("Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information puiposes, or if the requests are routine,
e. g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

18
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical woik may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The woik typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are w ell established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C .
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcrib ing - m a chine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming m ail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the followings Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

19

P R O F E S S I ONA L

AND

TECHNI CAL

D RAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, w all sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MA I NT E NA NC E

Continue d

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Woik may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse'who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other puiposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

AND

P OWER P L ANX

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwoik and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Woik involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of woik from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenters handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of woik; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




20
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES—Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; woiking standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Woik involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study puiposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Woik
involves most of the following Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of woik, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's woik normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

21

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Woik involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following; Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

22
TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etalworking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required* In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience*
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inCUSTODIAL

AND

1

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.
ERI AL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment* Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory woiking areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow* Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

23
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Woik requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves; A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, woikers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, woikers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request----The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—March 1964.

40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the latest available bulletins is presen ted below . A d ir e c to ry indicating dates of e a r lie r studies, and the p r ic e s of the bulletins is
available on requ est. Bulletins m ay be purchased fr o m the Superintendent of D ocum ents, U .S . Governm ent Printing O ffice, Washington, D .C ., 20402,
o r from any of the BLS region al sales o ffic e s shown on the inside front c o v e r .
A rea

Bulletin num ber
and p rice

Akron, Ohio, June 19 641------------------------------------------------ 1385-80,
Albany—
Schenectady— roy, N .Y ., A pr. 1965.................. —1430-52,
T
Albuquerque, N. M ex. , A pr. 1965______________________ 1430-62,
Allentown—
Bethlehem —
Easton, P a .— J. , Feb. 1965— 1430-48,
N.
Atlanta, G a ., May 1964 1________________________________ 1385-73,
B a ltim ore, M d ., Nov. 19 641 __________________________ 1430-27,
Beaum ont— ort Arthur, T e x ., May 1965______________ —1430-66,
P
Birm ingham , A la ., Apr. 1965 1------------------------------------- 1430-60,
B oise City, Idaho, July 1964 1 ---------------------------------------- 1430-1,
Boston, M a s s ., O ct. 1964 1 ------------------------------------------- 1430-16,

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents

Buffalo, N . Y ., D ec. 19 6 4 1_____________________________
Burlington, Vt. , M ar. 1965 1 ----------------------------------------Canton, Ohio, A pr. 1965................
—
C harleston, W. Va. , A pr. 1965......................................... —
Charlotte, N. C., A pr. 1965 ------------------------------------------Chattanooga, Tenn. —
Ga. , Sept. 1964 1 -------------------------Chicago, 111., A pr. 1964 1 ---------------------------------------------Cincinnati, Ohio— y ., M ar. 1965----------------------------------K
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1964 1----------------------------------------Colum bus, Ohio, Oct. 19 641------------------------------------------

1430-36,
1430-51,
1430-59,
1430-65,
1430-61,
1430-10,
1385-66,
1430-55,
1430-13,
1430-18,

30 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
30 cents
30 cents

D allas, Tex. , Nov. 1964 1 ______________________________
D avenport—
Rock Island— oline, Iow a M
Ill. , Oct. 1964 1........ ............. ..................................................
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1965-------------------------------------------------D enver, C o lo ., D ec. 1964______________________________
D es M oines, Iowa, Feb. 1965----------------------------------------D etroit, M ich ., Jan. 1965 1 ------------------------------------------F ort Worth, T e x ., Nov. 1964 1..............................................
G reen Bay, W is. , Aug. 1964 1--------------------------------------G reen ville, S. C. , May 1965------------------------------------------Houston, T e x ., June 1964 1---------------------------------------------

1430-25,

30 cents

1430-20,
1430-31,
1430-32,
1430-47,
1430-43,
1430-24,
1430-3,
1430-69*
1385-81,

Indianapolis, Ind. , D ec. 1964----------------------------------------- 1430-30,
Jackson, M is s ., Feb. 1965--------------------------------------------- 1430-44,
Jackson ville, F la ., Jan. 1965 1 ------------------------------------- 1430-38,
Kansas City, M o .-K a n s. , Nov. 1964---------------------------- 1430-26,
L aw rence— averhill, M a s s .— .H . , June 1964 1----------- 1385-76,
H
N
Little R ock—
North Little Rock, A r k ., Aug. 1964 1 ------- 1430-7,
Los A n geles—
Long Beach, C a lif., M ar. 1965 1 ---------- — 1430-57,
L ou isv ille, K y .—
Ind., Feb. 1965 1--------------------------------- 1430-42,
Lubbock, T e x ., June 1964 1 ------------------------------------------- 1385-75,
M anchester, N. H. , Aug. 1964 1............................................ 1430-4,
M em phis, Tenn. , Jan. 1965------------------------------------------- 1430-40,
l

M iam i, F l a . , D ec. 1964-------------------------------------------------M ilwaukee, W is ., A pr. 1965 1........................................... ....
M inneapolis—
St. Paul, M inn., Jan. 1965 1 ------------------M uskegon— uskegon Heights, M ich ., May 1965------------M
Newark and J e rse y City, N. J . , Feb. 1965-------------------New Haven, C on n ., Jan. 1965---------------------------------------New O rleans, L a ., Feb. 1965 1 ............................................
New Y ork, N. Y. , A pr. 1964 1 ........... ............................... —
N orfolk— ortsm outh and N ewport News—
P
Hampton, Va. , June 1964 .....................................................
Oklahoma City, Okla. , Aug. 1964 1 -------------------------------

Bulletin num ber
and p rice
1430-29,
1430-58,
1430-39,
1430-68,
1430-45,
1430-34,
1430-53,
1385-72,

25
25
30
20
25
25
30
40

1385-77,
1430-5,

20 cents
25 cents

Omaha, N ebr. —
Iowa, O ct. 1964------------------------------------- 1430-17,
P aterson — lifton— a s sa ic, N .J ., May 19 6 4 1 _________ 1385-62,
C
P
Philadelphia, P a .— .J ., Nov. 1964 1---------------------------- 1430-28,
N
Phoenix, A r i z . , M ar. 1965--------------------------------------------- 1430-56,
Pittsburgh, P a ., Jan. 1965 1___________________________ 1430-41,
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1964------------------------------------------- 1430-21,
Portland, Or eg. —
Wash. , May 1965-------------------------------- 1430-70,
P rovid en ce—
Pawtucket, R. I . — a s s ., May 1965 1------------ 1430-67,
M
Raleigh. N. C. , Sept. 1964....................................................... 1430-6,
Richm ond, V a ., Nov. 1964--------------------------------------------- 1430-19,

25 cents
25 cents
35 cents
20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
30 cents
30 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents

R ock ford , 111., May 1 9 6 5 -.......................................................
St. Louis, M o .—
111. , Oct. 1964 1_______________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, D ec. 19 6 4 1 ______________________
San Antonio, T e x ., June 1964___________________________
San B ern ardin o— iv ersid e— ntario, C alif. ,
R
O
Sept. 1964.....................................................................................
San D iego, C a lif., Sept. 1964 1-------------------------------------San F r a n cis c o —
^Oakland, C a lif., Jan. 1965 1------------------Savannah, Ga. , May 1965---- -----------------------------------------Scranton, Pa. , Aug. 1964----------------------------------------------Seattle, W ash. , Sept. 1964.....................................................

1430-63,
1430-22,
1430-33,
1385-74,

20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
20 cents

1430-8,
1430-12,
1430-37,
1430-64,
1430-2,
1430-9,

20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

Sioux F a lls, S. D ak ., Oct. 1964...........................................
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1965-----------------------------------------Spokane, W ash., May 1964_____________________________
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 1965 1........................................................
Trenton, N .J ., D ec. 1 9 641 ------------------------------------------Washington, D. C .- M d .- V a . , Oct. 1964 1 --------------------W aterbury, Conn. , M ar. 1965---------------------------------------W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1 9 641 -----------------------------------------W ichita, Kans. , Sept. 1964 1___________________________
W orce s te r, M a s s ., June 1964 1 — ,_____________________
Y ork, P a ., F eb. 1965___________________________________

1430-15,
1430-54,
1385-78,
1430-50,
1430-35,
1430-14,
1430-49,
1430-23,
1430-11,
1385-79,
1430-46,

20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102