View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

DOC

Occupational Wage Survey
JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI
FEBRUARY 1965

Bulletin No. 1 4 3 0 - 4 4




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABO R ST A TIST IC S
Ewan C la gu e , Commissioner




HAWAII

Occupational Wage Survey
JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI




FEBRUARY 1 9 6 5

B u l l e t i n No. 1 4 3 0 - 4 4
April 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 20 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
T h e B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s p r o g r a m o f annual
o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s is d e ­
sign e d to p r o v id e data on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s . It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d d ata b y s e le c te d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s f o r ea ch
o f the a r e a s stu d ied , f o r e c o n o m ic r e g io n s , and f o r the
U n ited S ta te s .
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the p r o g r a m is
the n eed f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t in to (1 ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l, and (2 ) the s t r u c ­
tu re and l e v e l o f w a g e s am on g a r e a s and in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .

T a b le s :
1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and

2.

In d e x e s o f sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , and p e r c e n ts o f
in c r e a s e f o r s e le c te d p e r i o d s ________________________________________

A.

A p p e n d ix e s :
A . C han ges in o c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s -----------------------------------------B. O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s —_____________________________________________

T h is b u lle tin p re s e n ts r e s u lts o f the s u r v e y in
J a ck son , M is s . , in F e b r u a r y 1965. It w a s p r e p a r e d in the
B u reau *s r e g io n a l o f f ic e in A tla n ta , G a ., b y R o b e r t F .
M c N e e ly , u n d er the d ir e c t io n o f D on ald M . C r u s e , R e g io n a l
W a g e A n a ly s t.




areas.

* N O T E : S im ila r ta b u la tion s a r e a v a ila b le f o r o th e r
(S e e in s id e b a c k c o v e r . )

U n ion s c a le s , in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g p ay le v e l s in
the J a c k s o n a r e a , a r e a v a ila b le f o r b u ild in g c o n s tru c tio n ,
p rin tin g , lo c a l- t r a n s it o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o t o r ­
tr u c k d r i v e r s and h e lp e r s .

iii

vO Is* 00

O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :*
A -1. O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s — en and w o m e n ___________________________
m
A -2. P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s — e n and w o m e n —
m
A -3. O f f ic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b in e d _______ —___ — ______________________
A -4 . M a in ten a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s ——_________________
A -5 . C u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s ____ -_________

2

IT)

E ig h ty - tw o a r e a s c u r r e n t ly a r e in c lu d e d in the
p r o g r a m . In fo r m a tio n on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s is c o lle c t e d
a n n u ally in ea ch a r e a . In fo r m a tio n on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c ­
t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s is o b ta in e d b ie n ­
n ia lly in m o s t o f the a r e a s .

1
3

^

A t the end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l­
le tin p r e s e n ts s u r v e y r e s u lt s f o r e ach a r e a stu d ied .
A fte r
c o m p le tio n o f a l l o f the in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s f o r a
round o f s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle tin is is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t p a r t b r in g s data f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o lita n
a r e a s s tu d ied in to one b u lle tin . T h e seco n d p a r t p r e s e n ts
in fo r m a tio n w h ich has b e e n p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t ­
r o p o lita n a r e a d ata to r e la t e to e c o n o m ic r e g io n s and the
U n ited S ta te s .

I n t r o d u c t io n _______________________________________________________________________
W a g e tre n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s __ ___________________________

9
11




Occupational Wage Survey—
Jackson, Miss.
Introduction
O ccupational em ploym ent and e arn in g s d ata a r e shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s, i . e . , th o se h ire d to w ork a re g u la r w eekly sch edu le
in the given occu pation al c la s s ific a tio n . E a rn in g s d ata exclude p r e ­
m ium pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eeken d s, h o lid ay s, and
la te sh ifts.
Nonproduction b o n u ses a r e exclu d ed , but c o st-o f-liv in g
b o n u ses and in cen tive e arn in g s a r e in clu ded. Where w eekly h o u rs a r e
re p o rte d , a s fo r office c le r ic a l o ccu p atio n s, re fe re n c e i s to the w ork
sc h e d u le s (rounded to the n e a r e s t h alf hour) fo r which stra ig h t-tim e
s a l a r i e s a r e p aid ; a v e ra g e w eekly e arn in g s fo r th e se occu p ation s have
been rounded to the n e a r e s t h alf d o lla r.

T h is a r e a i s 1 of 82 in which the U. S . D epartm ent of L a b o r ls
B u rea u of L a b o r S ta tis tic s conducts su rv e y s of occu p atio n al e arn in g s
and re la te d w age b en efits on an areaw id e b a s i s .
T h is bulletin p r e se n ts c u rren t occu p atio n al em ploym ent and
e arn in g s in form ation obtained la r g e ly by m a il fro m the e stab lish m e n ts
v isite d by B u re a u fie ld e c o n o m ists in the l a s t p re v io u s su rv e y fo r
occu p atio n s rep o rted in that e a r lie r study. P e r s o n a l v is it s w ere m ade
to n onrespondents and to th o se resp on d en ts rep o rtin g unusual changes
sin ce the p re v io u s su rv e y .

The a v e r a g e s p re se n te d re fle c t c o m p o site , areaw id e e s tim a te s .
In d u strie s and e sta b lish m e n ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and job staffin g and,
th u s, contribute d ifferen tly to the e s tim a te s fo r each jo b .
The pay
re latio n sh ip obtain able fro m the a v e r a g e s m ay fa il to re fle c t a c c u ra te ly
the w age sp re a d o r d iffe re n tia l m ain tain ed am ong jo b s in individual
e sta b lish m e n ts. S im ila rly , d iffe re n c e s in a v e ra g e pay le v e ls fo r m en
and wom en in any of the se le c te d occu p atio n s should not be a ssu m e d to
re fle c t d iffe re n c e s in pay tre a tm e n t of the s e x e s within individual e s ­
ta b lish m e n ts. Other p o s s ib le fa c to r s which m ay contribute to d iffe r ­
en ces in pay fo r m en and wom en in clude: D iffe re n c e s in p ro g r e s s io n
within e sta b lish e d rate r a n g e s , sin ce only the actu al r a te s paid in ­
cum bents a r e c o lle cte d ; and d iffe re n c e s in sp e c ific d u ties p e rfo rm e d ,
although the w o rk e rs a r e a p p ro p ria te ly c la s s if ie d within the sam e
su rv e y job d e sc rip tio n . Jo b d e sc rip tio n s u se d in c la ssify in g em ploy ees
in th e se su rv e y s a r e u su ally m o re g e n e ra liz e d than th ose u se d in
individual e stab lish m e n ts and allow fo r m in or d iffe re n c e s am ong e s ­
tab lish m e n ts in the sp e c ific d u ties p e rfo rm e d .

In each a r e a , d ata a r e obtained fro m re p re se n ta tiv e e s ta b ­
lish m en ts within s ix b ro ad in d u stry d iv isio n s: M anufacturing; t r a n s ­
p ortation , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s ; w h o le sale tra d e ;
re ta il tra d e ; fin an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor
in du stry gro u p s excluded fro m th ese stu d ie s a r e governm en t o p e ra ­
tion s and the con struction and e x tra c tiv e in d u s tr ie s . E sta b lish m e n ts
having few er than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber of w o rk e rs a r e om itted b e c au se
they tend to fu rn ish in su fficie n t em ploym ent in the occu p ation s studied
to w arran t in clu sio n . S e p a ra te tab u lation s a r e p rovid ed fo r each of the
bro ad in du stry d iv isio n s which m eet publication c r it e r ia .
T h ese su rv e y s a r e conducted on a sam p le b a s is b e c a u se of
the u n n e c e ssa ry c o st involved in su rveyin g a ll e sta b lish m e n ts.
To
obtain optim um a c c u ra c y at m inim um c o st, a g r e a te r prop ortion of
la r g e than of sm a ll estab lish m e n ts i s stud ied . In com bining the d ata,
how ever, a ll e sta b lish m e n ts a r e given th eir a p p ro p ria te w eight. E s ­
tim a te s b a se d on the e sta b lish m e n ts stud ied a r e p re se n te d , th e re fo re ,
a s relatin g to a ll e sta b lish m e n ts in the in d u stry grouping and a r e a ,
except fo r th o se below the m inim um siz e stu d ied .

O ccupational em ploym ent e s tim a te s re p re se n t the total in all
e stab lish m e n ts within the sco p e of the study and not the num ber actu ally
su rv ey e d . B e c a u se of d iffe re n c e s in occu p atio n al stru c tu re am ong e s ­
ta b lish m e n ts, the e s tim a te s of occu p ation al em ploym ent obtained from
the sam p le of e stab lish m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e only to in dicate the re lativ e
im p o rtan ce of the jo b s stu died.
T h e se d iffe re n c e s in occupational
stru c tu re do not m a te ria lly affe c t the a c c u ra c y of the earn in g s d ata.

O ccupations and E a rn in gs
The occupation s se le c te d fo r study a r e com m on to a v a rie ty
of m an ufacturin g and nonm anufacturing in d u s tr ie s , and a r e of the
follow ing ty p e s: (l) O ffice c le r ic a l; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ical;
(3) m ain tenance and pow erplant; and (4) c u sto d ia l and m a te r ia l m ove­
m ent. O ccupational c la ssific a tio n is b a se d on a un iform se t of job
d e sc rip tio n s d esign ed to tak e account of in te re stab lish m e n t v a riatio n
in du ties within the sam e jo b .
The occu p atio n s se le c te d fo r study
a r e lis te d and d e sc rib e d in appendix B .
E a rn in g s data fo r som e of
the occupation s lis te d and d e sc rib e d a r e not p re se n te d in the A - s e r ie s
ta b le s b e c a u se eith er (l) em ploym ent in the occupation i s too sm a ll
to provid e enough d ata to m e rit p re se n tatio n , o r (2) th e re i s p o s s i­
b ility of d isc lo su r e of in dividual e stab lish m e n t d ata.




E sta b lish m e n t P r a c t ic e s and Supplem en tary Wage P ro v isio n s
T abu lation s on se le c te d e stab lish m e n t p r a c tic e s and su p p le ­
m en tary w age p ro v isio n s ( B - s e r i e s tab le s) a r e not p re se n te d in th is
bu lletin . Inform ation fo r th e se tab u lation s i s c o lle cte d biennially in
th is a r e a .
T h ese tab u lation s on m inim um en tran ce s a la r ie s fo r
in ex p erien ced wom en office w o rk e rs; sh ift d iffe re n tia ls; scheduled
w eekly h o u rs; p aid h o lid a y s; p aid v a c a tio n s; and health, in su ran c e ,
and pension p la n s; a r e p re se n te d (in the B - s e r i e s tab le s) in p rev io u s
b u lletin s fo r th is a r e a .

1

2




Table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Jackson, M iss., 1
by major industry division, 2 February 1965
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

Number of establishments
Within scope
of study3

Workers in establishments

Studied

Within scope
of study4

Studied

____

.

138

76

20,100

14,760

Manufacturing
____ _ . _____ _____
____ _
Nonmanufacturing
__
_
_ — ------------Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5 ----- — ------------------------------------Wholesale trade6 — ---------- — ----------- ---------Retail trade6-------- — _ - _ — _ ---- —
Finance, insurance, and real estate6 -----------------------Service. 47------------------------- ---------------------------------------

50
-

40
98

25
51

7,300
12,800

5,870
8,890

50
50
50
50
50

16
21
30
16
15

11
9
13
9
9

3,800
1,500
3, 300
2, 300
1,900

3,370
800
1,660
1,670
1,390

A ll divisions

-

____

___ _______________

—

1 The Jackson Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area consists of Hinds County. The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this
table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended,
however, to serve as a basis of comparision with other employment indexes for the area to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning
of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments
are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Clat. '‘" ation Manual was usedin classifying establishments
by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or a b o v e the minimum limitation.
A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such
industries as trade, finance, auto repair service, and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes all workers in all establishments with total employment (within the area) at or above the minimum limitation.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estimates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or more of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too small to provide enough data
to merit separate study, (2) the sample was not designed initially to permit separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to
permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.

Table 2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups ip Jackson, Miss.,
February 1965 and February 1964, and percents of increase for selected periods
Ind<exes
(Februar\ r 1961*100)
Occupational group

Office clerical (men and women)________
Industrial nurses (men and women)_____
Skilled maintenance (men)
___________
Unskilled plant (m en)----------------------------

Percents of increase

February 1964 February 1963 February 1962 February 1961 February I960
February 1965 February 1964
to
to
to
to
to
February 1965 February 1964 February 1963 February 1962 February 1961

114.2
(l)
109.9
119.4

Data do not meet publication criteria.
Percent of increase for manufacturing was 4.9.

110.7
(l)
108.3
116.9

3.1
(l)

1.5
2.1

3.7
n
.5
4.9

3.4
(l)
3.6
2.9

3.3
( 1)
4.0
28.3

1.8
(M
5.0
4.0

3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P re se n te d in tab le 2 a r e in dexes and p e rc e n ta g e s of change
in a v e ra g e s a la r ie s of office c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and in d u stria l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e ra g e earn in gs of se le cte d plant w ork er g ro u p s.
F o r office c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and in d u stria l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
cen tages of change re la te to a v e ra g e w eekly s a l a r i e s fo r n o rm al h ours
of w ork , that i s , the stan d ard w ork schedule fo r which stra ig h t-tim e
s a l a r i e s a r e paid. F o r plant w ork er g ro u p s, they m e a su re changes
in a v e ra g e stra ig h t-tim e hourly e a rn in g s, excluding p rem iu m pay for
ov ertim e and fo r w ork on w eeken d s, h o lid ay s, and late sh ifts. The
p e rc e n ta g e s a r e b a se d on d ata for se le c te d key occu pation s and in­
clude m o st of the n u m erically im portant jo b s within each group.
The office c le r ic a l d ata a r e b a se d on m en and wom en in the following
19 jo b s: Bookkeepin g-m achine o p e r a to r s, c la s s B ; c le r k s , accounting,
c la s s A and B ; c le r k s , file , c la s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o rd e r; c le r k s ,
p ay ro ll; C om ptom eter o p e ra to rs; keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A and B;
office boys and g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; ste n o g ra p h e rs, g e n e ra l; ste n o g ra ­
p h e rs, se n io r; sw itch board o p e ra to rs; tab ulatin g-m ach in e o p e r a to r s,
c la s s B; and ty p is t s , c la s s A and B . The in d u stria l n u rse data a r e
b a se d on m en and women in d u strial n u r se s . Men in the following
8 sk illed m aintenance jo b s and 2 u n skilled jo b s a r e included in the
plant w ork er data: S k ille d — c a rp e n te rs; e le c tric ia n s; m a c h in ists; m e ­
ch an ics; m e c h a n ic s, autom otive; p a in te rs; p ip e fitte rs; and tool and
die m a k e rs; u n sk illed —ja n ito r s , p o r te r s , and c le a n e rs; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te r ia l handling.
A v erage w eekly s a la r ie s or a v e ra g e hourly earn in g s w ere
com puted for each of the se le c te d occup ation s. The a v e ra g e s a la r ie s
or hourly e arn in g s w ere then m ultiplied by em ploym ent in each of
the jo b s during the p erio d surveyed in 1961. T h ese w eighted earn in gs




for individual occu pations w ere then totaled to obtain an a g g re g a te for
each occu pation al group. F in a lly , the ratio (e x p re sse d a s a percen tage)
of the group a g g re g a te fo r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te fo r the other
y e a r w as com puted and the d ifferen ce between the re su lt and 100 is
the p ercen tag e of change fro m the one p erio d to the other. The
in dexes w ere com puted by m ultiplying the r a tio s for each group
ag g re g a te fo r each p erio d a fte r the b a se y e a r (1961).
The in dexes and p e rc e n tag e s of change m e a su re , p rin c ip a lly ,
the e ffe c ts of (1) g e n e ra l s a la r y and w age ch anges; (2) m e rit or other
in c r e a s e s in pay re c e iv e d by individual w o rk e rs while in the sam e
job; and (3) ch an ges in av e ra g e w ag e s due to ch anges in the lab or fo rc e
re su ltin g fro m lab o r tu rn o ver, fo rc e e x p an sio n s, fo rc e red u ctio n s,
and ch anges in the p rop ortion s of w o rk e rs em ployed by estab lish m e n ts
with d ifferen t pay le v e ls.
C hanges in the lab o r fo rce can cau se
in c r e a s e s or d e c r e a s e s in the occu pation al a v e r a g e s without actu al
w age ch an ges.
F o r exam p le, a fo rc e expansion m ight in c r e a se the
proportion of low er paid w o rk e rs in a sp e c ific occupation and low er
the a v e r a g e , w h e re as a reduction in the proportion of low er paid
w o rk e rs would have the opposite effect. S im ila r ly , the m ovem ent of
a high-paying estab lish m e n t out of an a r e a could c au se the a v e ra g e
earn in g s to d ro p , even though no change in r a te s o c c u rre d in other
estab lish m e n ts in the a r e a .
The u se of constant em ploym ent w eights e lim in ates the effect
of changes in the p rop ortion of w o rk e rs re p re se n te d in each job in ­
cluded in the data. The p e rc e n tag e s of change re fle c t only changes in
av e rag e pay fo r straight-stim e h ou rs. They a re not influenced by
changes in stan d ard w ork sc h e d u le s, a s such, or by prem ium pay
fo r overtim e.

4
A. O ccu p atio n al E a rn in g s
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A ve r a g e straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an ar ea basis
by industry division, Jackson, M is s. , F e b r u a r y 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Nu m be r of w or k e rs receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

Average
weekly
hours1
[standard)

M ean2

Median 2

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

S

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

50

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

over

2

Under
f>
and
45
under

Middle range 2

$

1

1
6

6

3
3

2
2

1
1

2

2

-

-

and

MEN

CLERKS*

CLA'"'" 0

ACCOUNTING,

40 .0
t Q

$

$

$
CLERKS. ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING

in ^ * .>0
103. ^ n

/ 0 0

81.0 0

9 .^ 0
7'

00

$
nn i
nn
1
. 00 1 i i1 . 0 0

60 00

22

—

3

16

39.0

60.00

56.00

52.00-

69 .00

15

38.5

71.50

75.00

62.50-

39.5
39.5

5 6 .0 0
55 .00

56.00

52.0052.00-

59.00
59.00

40 .3

72.00

71.50

6 7 . GO66. 00-

7

3

2

i

3
3

1
1

3
3

-

1
1

-

l

4

1

-

12
12

3

1

2

6

75.00

78*00

2
2

87.00

28

3
3

20

07 00

73 ''O

NONMANUFACTURING

y

-

3

-

-

-

-

fcO^EN
BILLERS,

MACHINE

(BI LL ING

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
nNtnmc r
NONMANUFACTURING

z 7

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A
—
—
NONMANUFACTUR ING

I

8

8

1
1

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B — —
k flklU A II 1 ACTI ID IMP
l
K C

34

40*5

66*50

64*00

6 0 * 59_

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, 0LA S3 A
A AM 1I C A T 1 ID I M P
J
N AliUrAU T IUK INb
NONMANUFACTUR ING

60
15
45

40 .0
39.5
40.0

8 6.00
93.50
83.00

8 6.00
95.00
82.00

74.00-

97.00
103.50
7 2 . 0 0 - 95.50

184
1
I It)

38.5

71.00
71.00

70.00

61.50-

45

39,8
39.0

58 00
58.00

57.50

A7
67

39.5
39.5

53.50

53.00

a i n n
51.00

30
23

39 0
39. 0

81 50
80.00

7 - * on
75.00

68 00
on
6 7 . 5 0 - 90.

39.5

70.00

fa
68.50

59. 50-

78.50
79.50

2

of
24

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING,
kl nkl i Akl 11C A C 11ID I M P
IM A AN Ur Ab T UK INb
UNN
CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS
MOM A AM 11C AP T 1If) I M P
i
NUNNANUr AbI UK INb
P I cC0ISC t
ClTl C f
PI A o o
b u K lN o
r L c
L L ACC
MOMAi AM U r AP f U K I N b
N U N N A N 11CA b T 1ID I M P
n rm /r
LLcKNoi

c

n t wnm »
rA Y K U LL

NONMANUFACTUR ING

s i*

n

2
8
2
NUNNANUrAL I UK 1NO

a a

*

12

n

.5.00

6

9

26
26

35

*
*

* a * nn~ 59.50
56 .00

38

2

4A
45

2

J

2

y c T rUINLM n r c o A n o c
k t v D i i M P L i U o t K A ltU K b f
klHk'll AMI iC AT 1 ID I N P
N U N N AN U r A L TlU K I M b

CLA c

V CV U l i l n r C K A I U K c
k c T rD i nkUrru U D C O A T n D o f
MOM li AM U r AP T IID I M P
N U N N AN 11C A b \ U K I N b

CLASS o

95

39.5

64 .00

62.00

57.00-

71.00

13

29

f3

31

39*0

72*00

72*00

6 8 * 5 0_

74*50

13

1

26
218
51

40. 0
39.5
39.5

84.0 0
80.00
97 .00

86.50
75.00
101.50

7 4 . 0 0 - 91.00
6 6 . GO- 91.00
7 4 . 5 0 - 115.50

3

_

23

3
1

18

23

O iD I I P
r lUtJL l b

I I 1 1L I i 1 1
U T T I 1 T 11

c

A

a C U K C I H IS i C D
M AM 1 r AP i \IO m u
n a h uIC mv, T tjt\ TMP

NONMANUFACTUR ING
PUBLIC U T I L I T I I

See footnotes at end of table,




7

*nn

5 9 . DO-

l

-

~

3
5
~

22

1

3

2
2

9
~
9

3

21
21

2
2

8

6

8

1
l
7

3

2
7

|*

1

9

3

1
1

2
l
1

3

1
l

1
1

9

5

2

z

8

2

3
1

3

7

3

52

3

3

1
1

nn

2
1A
1

3
1
1

1

8

3

8 6 . 0 0 CLASS o

*

6

3
2
1

8
6

16
13

9

*

36
30

20

2

8

1
1

5

1

1
1

15
3
12
7

5

3

5
4

3
3

2

3

1
1

l

6

6

1
1

16
31
1
30
13

18
2
16
4

15
2
13

34
25
1

1
8
2

12
2
10
3

9

5

5
1

2

1

2
2

1
1

5
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A ve ra ge straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an ar ea basis
by industry division, Jackson, M is s . , F e b r u a r y 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

of

Sex, occupation, and industry division

workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e iv i n g straigh t -t im e w e ek ly earnin g s of—

$

$

M ean1
2
4
3

Median 2

Middle range 2

Under
^
*
and
45
un der

$
50

$
55

$
60

$

$
65

70

55

60

65

70

75

1

30
30

30
l
29
5

31
3
28
7

36
7
29

6

7
6

12

22
2
20

4

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1
2
2

4

1
1

-

-

-

-

3

~

-

19

l
-

7
7

5
5

6
6

2
l

-

2
“

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

*

-

-

-

-

-

88.00

_

_

-

9

-

-

-

9

2
2

36
31

42.0
42 .5

57 .0 0
56.50

52.5 0
51 .5 0

4 7 .5 0 4 6 .5 0 -

67 .0 0
66.5 0

45

n

9

9

6

2
2

1
l

4
3

2

8

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

32
27

40.0
40.0

6 6 .0 0

65.5 0
64.0 0

56 .5 0 55 .0 0 -

72.00
70.00

c
;

8

4

4

6

2
1

-

“

7
7

4

6 5 .0 0

TY PISTS, CLASS A -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------------

54
43

3 9 .5
39.0
39 .0

69.5 0
70 .0 0
74.0 0

70 .0 0
71 .00
74 .0 0

6 1 .5 0 6 1 .5 0 7 0 .0 0 -

78 .0 0
77 .5 0

1
1

9

7

11
9

6

-

3

13
12

20

“

1

?

7

7

2
2
l

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

134
134

39 .0
39. 0

5 8.50
58.5 0

5 7.00

53 .5 0 5 3 .5 0 -

62.09
62.0 0

40
40

48

18
18

18

1 S tan d ard h o u rs

r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k

f o r w h ic h

8 7.00

e m p lo y e e s

re c e iv e

t h e ir

-

r e g u la r

6
6

s tr a ig h t-t im e

130

3

86 .5 0

86 .0 0

$
125

14

71 .0 0 7 0 .5 0 -

-

_

$

120

2
12
12

77 .0 0
76.0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS--------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

115

3

79 .5 0
78 .5 0

52
43

$

$

no

10

40.0
40.0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

1

105

100

-

-

$

$
I CO

95

76.50

6 6 .0 0

$
95

90

$
75.00
77 .5 0
75 . 0 0
87.00

$
66.5 0
70.00

$
90

85

$
5 7 .5 0 6 5 .5 0 57 .0 0 68. 0 0 -

39.5
40.0
39 .5
38 .5

$
85

80

$
65.00
69 .5 0
64.00
7 8 .0 0

183
19
164
61

80

and

50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBL IC UT IL ITIES 3-------------------------

$

$
75

43

s a la rie s

and the

13

1

-

18

e a r n in g s

6
3
2

~

-

4

-

4

~

4
3

105

-

115

120

125

130

over

-

~
-

-

-

-

-

~

“

2
2

110

“

~

“

~

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

~

“

~

6
6
5

4
4

c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly

hours.

2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all w o r k e r s and dividing by the number of w o r k e r s . The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive
mo re than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w b r k e r s earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn
mo re than the higher rate.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 W o rk e rs w er e distributed as follows: 4 at $30 to $35; and 1 at $35 to $40.




Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
Data w e r e not collected for draftsmen and t r a c e r s due to the revision of occupational
descriptions, which w e r e re vised to facilitate improved classification. (See appendix A . )
It wa s not feasible to collect earnings data by ma il the first year; however, earnings data
for draftsmen and t r a c e r s w ill be collected b f personal visit and published next year.
Data for industrial nurses do not pneet publication criteria.

6
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations1 Men and Women Combined
—
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Jackson, Mi ss ., Fe br u a r y 1965)
Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 2 earnings 2
(standard) (standard)

Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 2
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 2
(standard)

15

38.5

$
71.50

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

28
27

39.5
39.5

56.00
55.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------

43
38

40 .0
40 .0

73.50
72.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------

42
34

40.5
40.5

66.00
66.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------------------

89
22
67

40 .0
40.0
40.0

91.50
96.50
90.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------------------

2 32
20
212

39.0
40 .0
39.0

73.00
80.50
72.00

45
45

39.0
39.0

CLERKS* FILE, CLASS C NONMANUFACTURING ------

67
67

39.5
39.5

$
53.50
53.50

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------

43
29

40 .0
40 .0

70.50
66.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL-------------NONMANUFACTURING ------

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) --------------------------------------------------

35
24

39.0
39.0

81.50
82.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING--------------

32
24

39.5
39.5

69.50
70.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UT ILI TI ES 3 ---------- 1
3
2

95
86
31

39.5
39.5
39.0

64.00
63.50
72.00

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLSNONMANUFACTURING —

27
26

38.5
38.5

60.00
60.50

244
26
218
51

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5

80.50
84.00
80.00
97.00

Average

Occupation and industry division

B ----------------------------------------------------------------------

Weekly
earnings 2
(standard)

184
19
165
62

39.5
40.0
39.5
38.5

$
67.00
70.00
66.50
77.00

STENOGRAPHERS, S E NI O R -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------

52
48

40.0
40.0

79.50
78.50

SW ITCHBOARO OPERATORS----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------------------

36
31

42.0
42.5

57.00
56.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSNONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

32
27

40.0
40.0

66.00
65.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------------------

54
43
20

39.5
39.0
39.0

69.50
70.00
74.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------------------

136
136

39.0
39.0

59.00
59.00

1 Salaries of professional and technical worke rs are omitted from this report.
2 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




Weekly
hours 2
(standard)

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3--------------------------

58.00
58.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING

SECRETARIES -----------------MANUFACTUR I N G -------NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC UTI LITIES

Number
of
workers

7
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Av erage straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an ar ea basis
by industry division, Jackson, M i s s ., February 1965)
Number of work ers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 1

$
$
$
$
$
1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80

Occupation and industry division

and
under

ELEC TRIC IAN S , MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING-----------ENGINEERS,

$

$

2.75
2.75

2.77
2.77

2.76
2.76

2.67
2.67

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ---------------NQNMANUFACTUR I N G -------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S 1
3----2

2 .6 6

2.68
2.65

2.19
2.19
2.18

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING------------

2.69
2.66

1,80

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 . 2 3 - 2.96
2 . 22 - 2.93

*
3.20 3.30
-

and

3.30

$
$
2 . 6 0 - 3.02
2 . 6 3 - 2.98
2.68-

3.27

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




-

1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20

2 . 1 1 - 2.89
2 . 1 2 - 2.93
2 . 1 1 - 3.15

2.55
2.67

-

1.70

2 . 6 2 - 3.01
2 . 6 2 - 3.01

S T A T IO N A R Y ----

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE MANUFACTUR I N G ------------

-

1.60

$
$
*
$
*
$
$
*
$
*
$
$
$
1.90 ?.00 2.10 2. 2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.8 0 2.9 0 3.00 3.10

12
12

16
12
12

19
19
18

11

11
11

2

12

2

12

11
11

11
10

over

8
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e ra g e straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an are a basis
by industry division, Jackson, M iss. , F ebru ary 1965)
Hourly earnings1
2

Occupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

N u m ber of w o rk e rs
$

$
1.. 10

$
1.20

$
1 .30

S
1.4 0

S
1.. 5 0

$

£
1. 70

$
l . 80

$

1., 6 0

1.90

%
2.00

$
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

$
2.3 0

$
2.40

%
2.50

$
2.6 0

2 .70

$
2.80

$
3 .00

$
3 .20

1 .10

1.. 2 0

1.30

1.40

1 .5 0

1,. 6 0

1,. 7 0

1 .80

1. 90

2.0 0

2 .10

2.2 0

2.3 0

2.4 0

2.50

2.6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8C

3.00

3 .20

3.4 0

-

-

-

-

16
16

6
6

1
l

_

29

7
7

_

_

3

2

_

_

_

_

4

_

_

~

2

~

5
4

_

~

~

“

5
5

1

4

1

4

.90
Mean3
6
5
4

Median3

Middle range3

$

under
1.00

ELEVATOR OPERATORS, PASSENGER
( WOMEN I ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------

.87
.8 7

$
1.13
1 .13

$

39
39

.4 6 .4 6 -

$
1.1 9
1.19

4 16
16

GUARDS ANO WATCHMEN----------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------

58
44

1 .62
1 .56

1.31
1.3C

1 .2 5 1 .2 5 -

1.97
1.94

-

-

-

~

~

~

23

WATCHMEN*.
MANUFACTURING----------------------------

32

1.30

1.27

1 .2 4 -

1.33

-

-

-

-

23

7

JAN ITO R S, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ---MANUFACTURING---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------- - PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5--------------------

2 21
107
114
17

1 .37

1.34

1 .2 5 -

1 .51

1 .3 3 1 .2 0 1 .3 9 -

1.67
1.36
1.69

-

14
-

61

1 .39
1 .26
1.49

2
-

_

1.51
1 .24

11
11

2

-

14

12
49

63
45

~

“

~

_

23

-

23

33
29

JA N ITO R S, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------

61

LABORERS, MATERIAL H A N D LIN G ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

”

_

1.22
1.21

1 .22
1.22

1. 1 6 1 .1 5 -

1.2 7
1.27

312
2 36
76

1.49

1.35
1.36
1 .30

1 .2 8 -

1.63

-

_

_

_

1.46
1 .58

1 .3 1 1 .2 5 -

1.56
1.94

-

-

-

-

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS -------

22

2 .2 0

2 .1 7

2 .0 9 -

2 .3 3

-

-

-

-

-

TRUCKDRIVERS6 -------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5 --------------------

21 4
80
134
27

1 .75
1 .54

1 .48
1 .53

-

-

6
-

-

6
-

1 .43
2 .9 9

1 .79
1.60
2.91
3 .25

-

1 .87
2.8 4

1 .3 0
1 .3 8
1 .2 6
2 .9 1

-

6

-

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 -1 /2 TONS) ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------

78
75

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1 -1 /2 TC
AND INCLUDING A TONS) --------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5 -------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER T Y P E ) ---------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------TRUCKERS, POWER (F O R K LIFT) -----------M ANUFACTURING----------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
6

66

1 .51

1.31
1 .31

-

-

-

2
-

-

2

_

_

_

_

1.58
1.55

1.46
1.46

1 .3 9 1 .3 9 -

1 .64
1 .62

58

-

_

-

-

Data limited to men w orkers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F o r definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
A ll w ork ers w ere at $ 0. 40 to $ 0. 50.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes a ll d riv e rs reg a rd le ss of size and type of truck operated.




4

~

6
3

5
5

-

-

-

20
20

10

7

6

10

17

2

3
4

2
4

7

16

2

_

8
8

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

1

1

-

2

1

6

2
_

12
_

2

1
1

5

28
4
24

2

10

-

12
12

1
l

“

6
4

3

1

-

-

-

2

-

2

?

8

40
8

32
16

28
6

34
32

_

_

2

12
12
-

_

22

3
2
1

-

-

15
13

-

2.96
1.77

6
-

6
5

6

26

_

1 .4 8 1 .4 0 -

18

6

25

_

1 .79

2
3

14
7
7

_
*

_

2

7
4
3

_
“

2
24

12

6
6

_

1.58

5

“

-

-

10

2
3

2

10

1
l

l
_
-

3

6
6

~

-

12

16

“

2.23
1.68

_

8
8

15
10
6

8

“

_

51

117
109

32

1.43

2.94
1.66
2.9 9
3.25

93
60

8

1.43

-

1
-

~

~

1.2 3 -

1 .2 8
1 .2 6
1 .2 9
2 .9 3

55

-

1 .2 3 -

1 .71
1.35
2 .7 9
2.9 8

18
5

4C

1.31

2.03
1.41
2.3 3
3.02

30

3
3

1.31

52
17
35
18

$

an d
.90

$

r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u rly e a rn in g s of—

4
1 .00

1
22
22

_

2
2

l

1

-

2
2
-

-

8
8

6
6

2

2

2

2

14
14

22
22

4
4

6
6

1

4
4
-

_
-

_
-

-

1

1
_

1

-

*

_

_

3

10

1
1

3

10
10

8
8

_

18
4

_

2
2

4
4

2
2

2

-

_

_

_

7
_

7
7

2

5

-

-

_

_

Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and will be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations will
be presented next year.

Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B instead
)
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B
.

9




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau*s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable ,job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, M IN
ACH E

BO KKEEPIN ACH E OPERATOR
O
G-M IN

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:
Biller, machine (billing machine!. Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.
Class B Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
.
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accotmts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
11

12

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
.
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A. In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




CLERK, ORDER—Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COM
PTOM
ETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-M
ACHINE OPERATOR (M EOGRAPH OR DITTO)
IM
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUN OPERATOR
CH
Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

13
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued

STEN
OGRAPH
ER, SEN R
IO

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B Under close supervision or following specific procedures
.
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc., are referred to supervisor.

OR

O
FFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
etc.; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SW
ITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. ('’Full" telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g., because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

STENOGRAPH
ER, GEN
ERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. ("Limited” telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e.g ., giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

14
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties* This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker*s time while at
switchboard*

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR—Continued
specific instructions* May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a woric
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations*

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GEN
ERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others* Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required* The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams* The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine*
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records* May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person* May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes* May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail*
Class A. Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing* May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

15
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN—
Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Woiks with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work ass Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Woik may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
apd/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, M TEN CE
AIN AN
Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenters handtools, portable power tools,




CARPENTER, M TEN CE—Continued
AIN AN
and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

16

ELECTRICIAN, M TEN CE
AIN AN

H
ELPER, M TEN CE TRADES—Continued
AIN AN

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

EN IN ER, STATIONARY
G E
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

M
ACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Woik involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study puxposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, M TEN CE
AIN
AN

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BO
ILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
H
ELPER, M
AINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more woxkers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Woik
involves most of the following: Inteipreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of woik, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the woiking properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's woik normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

17
M
ECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (M TEN CE)
AIN AN

O
ILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of' an es­
tablishment. W involves most of the following: Examining automotive
oxk
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts* In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment*

M
ECHANIC, M TEN CE
AIN AN
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the woik of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
M
ILLW
RIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required* Work involves most of the following; Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwrights work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, M TEN CE
AIN
AN
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush*
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience*
PIPEFITTER, M TEN CE
AIN
AN
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines;. assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded*
PLUM
BER, M TEN CE
AIN
AN
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order*
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

18
TO AND D M
OL
IE AKER—Continued

SHEET-M
ETAL WORKER, M TEN CE
AIN AN
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following; Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND D MAKER
IE

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die makers handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming woik. Work in-

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEAN R—Continued
E

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Woikers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded,

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Woikers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEAN
ER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL H DLIN
AN
G
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

19
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SH
IPPIN
G
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Woik requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following;
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Tmckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Tmckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SH
IPPIN AND RECEIVIN CLERK
G
G

TRUCKER, POW
ER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified" by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, woikers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request-----

The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1964. 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of e a rlie r studies, and the p rices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402,
or from any of the B LS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.

A re a

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, June 1964 1________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady— roy, N .Y ., Mar. 1964 1__________
T
Albuquerque, N. M ex. , Apr. 19641-______________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.— .J ., Feb. 19641 —
N
Atlanta, Ga., May 19641 ________________________________
B altim ore, M d., Nov. 1964 1 ___________________________
Beaumont— o rt Arthur, Tex., May 1964 1_____________
P
Birmingham, Ala., Apr. 1964 1_________________________
Boise City, Idaho, July 1964 1 __________________________
Boston, M ass., Oct. 1964 1 _________________________ ___

1385-80,
1385-52,
1385-61,
1385-53,
1385-73,
1430-27,
1385-70,
1385-63,
1430-1,
1430-16,

Buffalo, N .Y ., Dec. 1964 1
------------------------- --------------- ——
Burlington, V t., M ar. 1964_______________________________
Canton, Ohio, A pr. 1964 1_______________________________ __
Charleston, W. V a., Apr. 19641 _________________________
Charlotte, N .C ., A pr. 19641 _____________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.— a ., Sept. 19641________________ ___
G
Chicago, 111., Apr. 19641 ---------------------------------------------Cincinnati, Ohio— y ., M ar. 1964 1--------------------------------K
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 19641 _______________________
C olum bus, Ohio, Oct. 1964 1 _____________________________

1430-36, 30 cents
1385-47, 20 cents
1385-64, 25 cents
1385-57, 25 cents
1385-55, 25 cents
1430-10, 25 cents
1385-66, 30 cents
1385-58, 25 cents
1430-13, 30 cents
1430-18, 30 cents

D allas, Tex., Nov. 19641 ______
Davenport—
Rock Island-rMoline, Iowa—
111., Oct. 1964 1_______________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1965_______
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1964-_____
Des M oines, Iowa, Feb. 19641
Detroit, M ich., Jan. 19651
_____
F o rt Worth, Tex., Nov. 19641.
Green Bay, W is., Aug. 19641—
G reenville, S.C., M ay 1964 1__
Houston, Tex., June 19641 ____

1430-25, 30 cents
1430-20,
1430-31,
1430-32,
1385-44,
1430-43,
1430-24,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,

25
25
25
25
30
30
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Indianapolis, Ind., D ec. 1964_________________________
Jackson, M is s ., Feb. 1965----------------------------------Jacksonville, F la ., Jan. 1965 1
________________________
Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans., Nov. 1964__________________
Law ren ce-H averh ill, M ass.— .H ., June 1964 1 _____
N
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., Aug. 19641___
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif., Mar. 19641 ______
L o u is v ille , Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1965 1_______ ______ ______
Lubbock, T e x ., June 1964 1___________________________
Manchester, N .H ., Aug. 1964 1 _______________________
Memphis, Tenn., Jan. 1965___________________________

1430-30,
1430-44,
1430-38,
1430-26,
1385-76,
1430-7,
1385-59,
1430-42,
1385-75,
1430-4,
1430-40,

25
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




25
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

A re a

Bulletin number
and price

M iam i, F la ., Dec. 1964-------Milwaukee, W is., Apr. 1964—.
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1965 1_
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., May 1964 1
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Feb. 19641
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1965___
New Orleans, La., Feb. 1964___
New York, N .Y ., Apr. 19641_____________
N orfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a ., June 1964-_______________
Oklahoma City, O kla., Aug. 1964 1 --------

1430-29,
1385-56,
1430-39>
1385-71,
1385-49,
1430-34,
1385-42,
1385-72,

Omaha, N ebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 1964___________________
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., May 1964 1 _____
Philadelphia, Pa.— .J ., Nov. 1964 1_______________
N
Phoenix, A r iz . , Mar. 1964 1__________________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 19651----Portland, Maine, Nov. 1964_______________________
Portland, Or eg.—
Wash., May 1964 1_______________
Providen ce—
Pawtucket, R.L-rMass., May 1964___
Raleigh, N. C ., Sept. 1964__________________________
Richmond, V a ., Nov. 1964________________________

1430-17,
1385-62,
1430-28,
1385-54,
1430-41,
1430-21,
1385-67,
1385-65,
1430-6,
1430-19,

25
25
35
25
30
25
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Rockford, 111., A pr. 1964 1________________________________
St. Louis, Mo.-111., Oct. 19641___________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1964 1________ __________ _____
San Antonio, T e x ., June 1964____ _————___- __________
San B ernardino— iver side—
R
Ontario, C alif.,

1385-60,
1430-22,
1430-33,
1385-74,

25
30
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents

San Diego, C a lif., Sept. 1964 1____________________________
San F ran cisc o —
Oakland, C a lif., Jan. 1965 1_____________
Savannah, G a ., M ay 1964 1--------------------------------------------Scranton, P a ., Aug. 1964-----------------------------------------------Seattle, W ash ., Sept. 1964________________________________

1430-8,
1430-12,
1430-37,
1385-69,
1430-2,
1430-9,

20
25
25
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., Oct. 1964_________________________
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1964 1___________________________
Spokane, W ash., May 1964-._____________________________
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 1964________________________________
Trenton, N .J ., Dec. 1964 1______________________________
Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a ., Oct. 1964 1________________
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1964 1______________________ ___
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1964 1___________________________ Wichita, Kans., Sept. 1964 1____________________________
W orcester, M ass., June 1964 1_______________________ __
York, Pa., Feb. 19641__________________________________

1430-15,
1385-51,
1385-78,
1385-46,
1430-35,
1430-14,
1385-48,
1430-23,
1430-11,
1385-79,
1385-45,

20
25
20
20
25
30
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

25
25
30
25
30
25
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1385-77, 20 cents
1430-5,
25 cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102