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DETROIT, MICHIGAN
JANUARY 1965

OAKLAND

I

OMB

'Detroit

Bulletin No. 1 4 3 0 - 4 3

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
I




BUREAU O F LABO R ST A TIST IC S
Ewan C la gu e , Commissioner




HAWAII

Occupational Wage Survey
DETROIT, MICHIGAN




JAN UARY 1 9 6 5

B ulletin No. 1 4 3 0 -4 3
A p ril 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 30 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

T h e B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s p r o g r a m o f annual
o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s is d esign ed
to p r o v id e d ata on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e s ta b lis h m e n t
p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s .
It y ie ld s
d e ta ile d d ata b y s e le c t e d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s f o r ea ch o f the
a r e a s stu d ied , f o r e c o n o m ic r e g io n s , and f o r the U n ited
S ta te s . A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the p r o g r a m is the n eed
f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t in to (1 ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u ­
p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l , and (2) th e s tr u c tu r e and
l e v e l o f w a g e s am on g a r e a s and in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .

In tr o d u c tio n ________________________________________ . __ - _________________________
W a ge tr e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s _____________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A t the end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a
b u lle tin p r e s e n ts s u r v e y r e s u lt s f o r e ach a r e a stu d ied .
A f t e r c o m p le tio n o f a ll o f the in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s f o r
a round o f s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle tin is is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t p a r t b r in g s d ata f o r each o f th e m e t r o p o lita n
a r e a s stu d ie d in to one b u lle tin . T h e se co n d p a r t p r e s e n ts
in fo r m a tio n w h ich has b e e n p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t ­
r o p o lita n a r e a d ata to r e la t e to e c o n o m ic r e g io n s and the
U n ited S ta te s .

A.

B.

E ig h ty - tw o a r e a s c u r r e n t ly a r e in c lu d e d in the
p r o g r a m . In fo r m a tio n on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s is c o lle c t e d
a n n u ally in each a r e a . In fo r m a tio n on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c ­
t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s is o b ta in e d b ie n ­
n ia lly in m o s t of th e a r e a s .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts r e s u lts o f the s u r v e y in
D e t r o it , M ic h ., in J an u ary 1965.
It w a s p r e p a r e d in the
B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e in C le v e la n d , O h io , b y A d r ie n D.
P ic a r d , J r ., u n d er the d ir e c t io n o f E llio t t A . B r o w a r , A s ­
s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c to r f o r W ages and In d u s tr ia l R e la tio n s .




* NO TE:
b a ck c o v e r . )

S im ila r

ta b u la tio n s

1
4

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b er s tu d ie d _____________________________________ _ ________________
_
In d e xe s o f sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , and p e r c e n ts o f
in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r i o d s ____________________ -______ -________ . . .
O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O f f ic e o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n __________________________
A - 2 . P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o ccu p a tio n s—m e n and w o m en _
A - 3 . O ff ic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b in e d ____________ . _ __ ___ __________ . . .
_
A - 4 . M a in ten a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s __ ____________ ____
A - 5. C u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s _____________
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s : *
B - l . M in im u m e n tra n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s —. .
B -2 . S h ift d if fe r e n t ia ls _______________ ________________________________ _
B -3 . S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s ___________ _______________ ____________
_
B -4 . P a id h o lid a y s ________________ _______________ _____ _____________ —
B -5 . P a id v a c a tio n s ____________________________________________________
B -6 . H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s ______________________—
B -7 . P a id s ic k le a v e ___________________________________________________
B -8 . P r o f it - s h a r in g p la n s _____________________________________________

A p p e n d ix e s :
A . C h an ges in o c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s ______________________________ —
B. O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s ______________________________________________

are

a v a ila b le

fo r

o th e r

areas.

(S e e in s id e

C u rr e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r a c t ic e s
in the D e t r o it a r e a a r e a ls o a v a ila b le f o r auto d e a le r r e p a ir shops (A u g u s t 1964),
flu id m ilk (S e p te m b e r 1964), the m a c h in e r y in d u s tr ie s (M a y 1964), and m i s c e l l a ­
neous p la s t ic s p ro d u c ts (June 1964).
Union s c a le s , in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g p a y
le v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le f o r b u ild in g c o n s tru c tio n , p r in tin g , lo c a l- t r a n s it o p e r a tin g
e m p lo y e e s , and m o to r tr u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

iii

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Occupational Wage Survey—
Detroit, Mich.
Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 82 in w h ich th e U .S . D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r s
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s con du cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s
and r e la t e d w a g e b e n e fits on an a r e a w id e b a s is .
In th is a r e a , d ata
w e r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u re a u f i e l d e c o n o m is ts to r e p ­
r e s e n t a t iv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s : M an u ­
fa c tu r in g ; tr a n s p o r ta t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ;
w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u s tr y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e stu d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s and th e c o n s tru c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g f e w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m itte d b e c a u s e th ey ten d to fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the
o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e
p r o v id e d f o r ea ch o f th e b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p ub­
lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .

s c h e d u le s (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ic h s t r a ig h t - t im e
s a la r ie s a r e p aid ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s h a ve
b e en rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n te d r e f l e c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s tim a te s .
In d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g and,
thus, c o n trib u te d if fe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s f o r each jo b .
T h e p ay
r e la tio n s h ip o b ta in a b le f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a te ly
th e w a g e s p re a d o r d if fe r e n t ia l m a in ta in e d am on g jo b s in in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts . S im ila r ly , d iffe r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p ay l e v e l s f o r m en
and w o m e n in any o f th e s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s should not be a s s u m e d to
r e f l e c t d if fe r e n c e s in p a y tr e a tm e n t o f the s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l e s ­
ta b lis h m e n ts . O th e r p o s s ib le f a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n trib u te to d i f f e r ­
e n c e s in p ay f o r m en and w o m e n in c lu d e : D iffe r e n c e s in p r o g r e s s io n
w ith in e s ta b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly the a c tu a l r a te s p a id in ­
cu m ben ts a r e c o lle c t e d ; and d if fe r e n c e s in s p e c ific d u ties p e r fo r m e d ,
alth ou gh th e w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e ly c l a s s i fi e d w ith in the s a m e
s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s
in th e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e u sed in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w f o r m in o r d if fe r e n c e s am on g e s ­
ta b lis h m e n ts in the s p e c ific d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c on d u cted on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
To
o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n o f
l a r g e than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ie d . In c o m b in in g the data,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t. E s ­
tim a te s b a s e d on the e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e la tin g to a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u s tr y g ro u p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o s e b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e s tu d ie d .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t th e to ta l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b er a c tu a lly
s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e am on g e s ­
ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t ob ta in e d fr o m
th e s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ied s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the r e la t iv e
im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s s tu d ied .
T h e s e d if fe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l
s tr u c tu r e do not m a t e r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a rn in g s data.

O ccu p a tion s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1 ) O f f ic e c le r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(3 ) m a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t; and (4 ) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e accou n t o f in t e r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u ties w ith in the s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study
a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in a p p e n d ix B .
E a r n in g s d ata f o r s o m e o f
the o c c u p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d a r e not p r e s e n te d in th e A - s e r i e s
ta b le s b e c a u s e e it h e r ( l ) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n is to o s m a ll
to p r o v id e enough d ata to m e r it p r e s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) th e r e is p o s s i­
b ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t d ata.

E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p le m e n ta ry W a g e P r o v is io n s
In fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e le c te d
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s as th ey
r e la t e to o f f ic e and p lan t w o r k e r s .
A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u tiv e , and
p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s tru c tio n w o r k e r s who
a r e u t iliz e d as a s e p a r a te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d . " O f f i c e w o r k e r s "
in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g
c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s .
" P la n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o rk in g f o r e ­
m en and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g le a d m e n and tr a in e e s )
e n g a g ed in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s . C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e
e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa ctu r­
in g in d u s tr ie s .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d ata a r e show n f o r
f u ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le
in the g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a r n in g s d ata e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ifts .
N o n p ro d u c tio n b on u ses a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - liv in g
b on u ses and in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e re w e e k ly h o u rs a r e
r e p o r te d , as f o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the w o r k




M in im u m e n tra n c e s a la r ie s (ta b le B - l ) r e la t e o n ly to the e s ­
ta b lis h m e n ts v is it e d . T h e y a r e p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith fo r m a l m in im u m e n tra n c e s a la r y p o lic ie s .

1

2
S h ift d if fe r e n t ia l d a ta (ta b le B -2 ) a r e lim it e d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
T h is in fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in
t e r m s o f (1 ) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o lic y , 1 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f to ta l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t, and (2 ) e f fe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f
w o r k e r s a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d s h ift a t th e tim e o f the
su rvey.
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g v a r ie d d if fe r e n t ia ls , the am ou n t
a p p ly in g to a m a jo r it y w as u sed o r , i f no am ount a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y ,
the c la s s ific a t io n " o t h e r " w as u sed . In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u rs a r e p aid at n o r m a l r a te s , a d if fe r e n t ia l w as r e c o r d e d
o n ly i f it a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y o f the s h ift h o u rs.
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs (ta b le B -3 ) o f a m a jo r it y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t a r e ta b u la te d as a p p ly in g to
a l l o f the p lan t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s o f th at e s ta b lis h m e n t. P a id h o lid a y s ;
p aid v a c a tio n s ; h ealth , in s u ra n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s ; and p r o f it - s h a r in g
p la n s (ta b le s B - 4 th ro u gh B - 8 ) a r e t r e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is
th at th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y
o f such w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r the p r a c ­
tic e s lis t e d . Sum s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s in ta b le s B -2 th ro u gh B - 8 m a y
not e q u a l to ta ls b e c a u s e o f rou n din g.
D a ta on p aid h o lid a y s (ta b le B - 4 ) a r e lim it e d to d a ta on
h o lid a y s g ra n te d a n n u ally on a f o r m a l b a s is ; i. e . , (1 ) a r e p r o v id e d
f o r in w r it t e n fo r m , o r (2 ) h a ve b e e n e s ta b lis h e d by c u s to m . H o lid a y s
o r d in a r ily g ra n te d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n though th ey m a y f a l l on a n on ­
w o rk d a y , e v e n i f the w o r k e r is not g ra n te d a n o th er d a y o ff.
The fir s t
p a r t o f the p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n ts the n u m b er o f w h o le and h a lf
h o lid a y s a c tu a lly g ra n te d . T h e s e co n d p a r t c o m b in e s w h o le and h a lf
h o lid a y s to sh ow to ta l h o lid a y t im e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a tio n p lan s (ta b le B - 5 ) is lim it e d to
f o r m a l p o lic ie s , e x c lu d in g in fo r m a l a r r a n g e m e n ts w h e r e b y t im e o f f
w ith p ay is g ra n te d a t th e d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S e p a r a te
e s tim a te s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in co m p u tin g
v a c a tio n p a y m e n ts , such as tim e p a y m e n ts, p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s ,
o r fla t - s u m am ou n ts.
H o w e v e r , in the ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a tio n pay,
p a y m e n ts n ot on a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r te d to a tim e b a s is ; f o r
e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d
as the e q u iv a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p ay.
D a ta a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n
p lan s (ta b le s B -6 and B - 7 ) f o r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is
b o r n e by the e m p lo y e r , e x c e p tin g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts such as
w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
Such p lan s in c lu d e th o s e u n d e r w r itte n by a c o m m e r c ia l in s u ra n c e

1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if
conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2 ) had
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in
late shifts.




co m p a n y and th o s e p r o v id e d th ro u gh a u nion fund o r p aid d i r e c t l y by
the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a tin g funds o r fr o m a fund s e t a s id e
f o r th is p u r p o s e .
D e a th b e n e fits a r e in c lu d e d as a f o r m o f l i f e
in s u ra n c e .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is lim it e d to th at ty p e o f
in s u r a n c e u n d er w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the in s u r e d on a w e e k ly o r m o n th ly b a s is d u rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
I n fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll such plan s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te s . H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h ich
h a ve e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s , 2 p lan s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f the e m p lo y e r (1 ) c o n ­
tr ib u te s m o r e than is le g a l l y r e q u ir e d , o r (2 ) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n ts o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s
o f p aid s ic k le a v e p lan s a r e lim it e d to f o r m a l p la n s 3 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r t io n o f th e w o r k e r 's p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n te d a c c o r d in g to
( l ) p lan s w h ic h p r o v id e fu ll p a y and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2 ) p lan s
w h ich p r o v id e e ith e r p a r t ia l p ay o r a w a itin g p e r io d .
In a d d itio n
to the p r e s e n ta tio n o f th e p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v id e d
s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p licated
to ta l is show n o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e i v e e it h e r o r b oth ty p e s o f b e n e fits .
C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to as ex te n d e d
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o s e p lan s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b eyon d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p lan s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l
paym en t o f d o c to rs ' fe e s .
Such p lan s m a y b e u n d e r w r itte n by c o m ­
m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y
be s e lf- in s u r e d .
T a b u la tio n s o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p lan s a r e lim it e d
to th o s e p la n s th at p r o v id e m o n th ly p a y m e n ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f
the w o r k e r 's l i f e .
P r o f it - s h a r in g p lan s (ta b le B - 8 ) a r e lim it e d to f o r m a l p lan s
w ith d e fin it e fo r m u la s f o r c om p u tin g p r o f i t s h a r e s to be d is tr ib u te d
am on g e m p lo y e e s and w h o s e fo r m u la s w e r e c o m m u n ic a te d to e m ­
p lo y e e s in a d v a n c e o f the d e te r m in a t io n o f p r o f it s . D a ta a re p re s e n te d
a c c o r d in g to p r o v is io n s f o r d is tr ib u t in g p r o f it s h a r e s to e m p lo y e e s :
( l ) C u r r e n t o r c a s h d is tr ib u t io n o f p r o f i t s h a r e s w ith in a s h o rt p e r io d
a f t e r d e te r m in a t io n o f p r o f i t s ; (2 ) d e fe r r e d d is tr ib u t io n o f p r o f it s h a r e s
a ft e r a s p e c ifie d n u m b e r o f y e a r s o r at r e t ir e m e n t ; (3 ) c o m b in a tio n
c u r r e n t and d e fe r r e d p la n s ; and (4 ) e l e c t iv e d is tr ib u t io n p lan s, u n der
w h ic h e a c h p a r tic ip a n t is r e q u ir e d to s e le c t w h e th e r to tak e his s h a re
o f the c u r r e n t y e a r 's p r o f it in cash , h a ve it d e fe r r e d , o r p a r t in ca sh
and p a r t d e fe r r e d .

it met either of the following
2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
formal provisions covering
contributions.
if it (1 ) had operated late
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.

3

Table 1. Establishments and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied in Detroit, M ic h .,1 by m ajor industry division, 2 January 1965
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

A ll divisions . ____

.

.

.

.

..

Within scope of study

Within
scope of
study3

1, 176

Studied

Studied
Office

T o ta l4

Plant

T otal4

273

689,100

116,700

450,900

512,130

100
-

454
722

91
182

466,900
222,200

68,000
48,700

327,600
123,300

367,920
144,210

100
50
100
50
50

73
181
102
132
234

30
33
34
35
50

50,100
26,100
76,500
33,100
36,400

10,700
5,500
6,400
19,900
6,200

23,800
15,200
63,900
6 1, 800
18,600

40,880
9,950
57,770
19.920
15,690

___

Manufacturing__________________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing.
.
. . . . .
.. ------Transportation, communication, and
other public u tilitie s5
Wholesale trade
---- __
~
— ---------Retail trade..---- --------------------- ------------------- --------— --------Finance, insurance, and re a l estate_____________________
...
------- ---S e rv ic e s7 . __

W orkers in establishments

Number of establishments

1 The Detroit Standard Metropolitan Statistical A r e a consists of Macomb, Oakland, and Wayne Counties. The "w ork ers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a
reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey.
The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other
employment indexes for the a re a to m easure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the
payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes a ll establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other w orkers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation w ere excluded. D etroit's transit system is municipally operated and is excluded by definition from the scope of the study.
6 Estimate relates to rea l estate establishments only. W o rk ers from the entire industry division are represented in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in "a ll
industry" estimates in the Series B tables.
7 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile rep air shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering
and architectural services.




Table 2.

Indexes of standard weekly sa la rie s and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Detroit, M ic h .,
January 1965 and January 1964, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(January 1961*100)

Industry and occupational group

January 1965

January 1964

Percents of increase
January 1964
to
January 1965

January 1963
to
January 1964

January 1962
to
January 1963

January 1961
to
January 1962

January I960
to
January 1961

A ll industries:
Office c le ric a l (men and w om en )------Industrial nurses (men and wom en)—
Skilled maintenance (men)
Unskilled plant (m e n )--------------------- —

111.9
110.8
109.4
109.6

108.7
109.4
107.7
109. 1

3.0
1.3
1.6
.4

3.0
3. 1
2.7
3.7

3.0
2.7
2.9
3.4

2. 5
3. 3
1.9
1.8

3. 1
4.4
4.4
4.8

Manufacturing:
Office c le ric a l (m en and w om en )------Industrial nurses (men and w o m e n )..
Skilled maintenance (m en)-----------------Unskilled plant (m e n )-------------------------

111.2
109.2
109. 5
109.9

108.7
108.3
107.7
108.4

2.3
.9
1.6
1.3

3. 1
2.6
2.7
2.9

3.4
3.2
2.9
3.4

2. 0
2.3
1.9
1.8

3.8
5.3
4. 5
4.7

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P re s e n te d in table 2 a re indexes and p ercen ta ges o f change
in a v e ra g e s a la rie s o f o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and in d u stria l n u rses,
and in a v e ra g e earnings o f se le c te d plant w o rk e r groups.
F o r o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and in d u strial n u rses, the p e r ­
centages o f change r e la te to a v e ra g e w e e k ly s a la rie s fo r n o rm a l hours
o f w o rk , that is , the standard w o rk schedule fo r w hich s tra ig h t-tim e
s a la rie s a re paid.
F o r plant w o rk e r grou p s, they m easu re changes
in a v e ra g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly ea rn in gs, excluding p rem iu m pay fo r
o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w eeken ds, h olid a ys, and la te sh ifts.
The
p ercen ta ges a re based on data fo r s e le c te d k ey occupations and in ­
clude m ost o f the n u m e ric a lly im portant job s w ithin each group.
The o ffic e c le r ic a l data a re based on m en and w om en in the fo llo w in g
19 jobs: B ookkeepin g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs , cla ss B; c le r k s , accounting,
cla ss A and B; c le r k s , file , cla s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o rd e r; c le r k s ,
p a y ro ll; C om p tom eter o p e ra to rs ; keypunch o p e ra to rs , c la s s A and B;
o ffic e boys and g ir ls ; s e c r e ta r ie s ; sten ogra p h ers, ge n e ra l; s te n o g ra ­
p h ers, sen ior; sw itchboard o p e ra to rs ; tabu lating-m achine o p e ra to rs ,
cla ss B; and ty p is ts , cla ss A and B. The in d u strial nurse data a re
based on m en and w om en in d u strial n u rses.
M en in the follow in g
8 s k ille d m aintenance jobs and 2 u n skilled job s a r e included in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k ille d — ca rp en ters; e le c tr ic ia n s ; m ach in ists; m e ­
chanics; m ech an ics, autom otive; p ain ters; p ip e fitte rs ; and to o l and
die m a k ers; u n sk illed — ja n ito rs , p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te r ia l handling.
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la rie s o r a v e ra g e h ou rly earnings w e r e
com puted fo r each o f the s e le c te d occupations. The a v e ra g e s a la rie s
o r h ou rly earnings w e r e then m u ltip lied by em ploym en t in each o f
the job s during the p e rio d su rveyed in 1961. T h ese w eigh ted earnings




fo r individu al occupations w e r e then totaled to obtain an a g g re g a te fo r
each occupational group. F in a lly , the ra tio (e x p re s s e d as a p ercen ta ge)
o f the group a g g re g a te fo r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te fo r the other
y e a r w as com puted and the d iffe re n c e betw een the resu lt and 100 is
the p ercen ta ge o f change fro m the one p e rio d to the other.
The
indexes w e r e com puted by m u ltiplyin g the ra tio s fo r each group
a g g re g a te fo r each p e rio d a fte r the base y e a r (1961).
Th e indexes and p ercen ta ges o f change m ea su re, p rin c ip a lly ,
the e ffe c ts o f (1) g e n e ra l s a la ry and w age changes; (2) m e r it o r other
in c re a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by individu al w o rk e rs w h ile in the sam e
job; and (3) changes in a v e ra g e w ages due to changes in the lab or fo rc e
resu ltin g fr o m lab or tu rn o ver, fo r c e expansions, fo r c e redu ction s,
and changes in the p rop ortion s o f w o rk e rs em p loyed by establishm ents
w ith d iffe re n t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the la b or fo r c e can cause
in c re a s e s o r d e c re a s e s in the occupational a v e ra g e s without actual
w age changes.
F o r exa m p le, a fo r c e expansion m ight in c re a s e the
p ro p o rtio n o f lo w e r paid w o rk e rs in a s p e c ific occupation and lo w e r
the a v e r a g e , w h erea s a redu ction in the p ro p o rtio n o f lo w e r paid
w o rk e rs would have the opposite e ffe c t. S im ila r ly , the m ovem en t of
a high-paying establish m en t out o f an a re a could cause the a v e ra g e
earn in gs to drop , even though no change in ra te s o c c u rre d in other
establishm ents in the a rea .
The use of constant em ploym ent w eigh ts elim in a tes the e ffe c t
of changes in the p ro p o rtio n of w o rk e rs re p re s e n te d in each job in ­
cluded in the data.
The p ercen ta ges of change r e fle c t only changes in
a v e ra g e pay fo r s tra ig h t-tim e hours.
T h ey a re not influenced by
changes in standard w o rk schedules, as such, or by prem iu m pay
fo r o v e rtim e .

Data p resen ted in table 2 and a ll A - s e r ie s tables
include, w h ere a p p licab le, the re c e n tly negotiated pay in ­
c re a s e s fo r m ost nonoperating ra ilro a d e m p lo y ees. T h ese
w o rk e rs w e re granted 9 cents an hour r e tro a c tiv e to
January 1964 and 9 o r 11.4 cents, depending on occupation,
e ffe c tiv e January 1965.

5
A. O ccupational E arn in gs
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v erage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, Detroit, Mich. , January 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Num ber of w o rk ers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—

$

Average
weeklyhours1
( standard)

Median 2

Middle range 2

N O NM ANU FA CTURING
P U B LIC

CLERKS,

A

-------------------

------------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3-----------------------------------TRAOE

A C C O U N TIN G ,

M ANUFACTU RING

CLERKS,

----------------------------------------

CLASS

B

-------------------

---------------------------------------------------

NONM ANU FACTURING
WHOLESALE

------------------------------------------

TRADE

---------------------------------------

O R D E R -----------------------------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------N O N M A NU FA CTURING
W HOLESALE

CLERKS,

------------------------------------------

T R A D E ---------------------------------------

P A Y R O L L -----------------------------------------------------

M A NU FA CTU R ING

39.5 137.00
4 0 .0 138.00
38.5 132.50
4 0 .0 131.50
39.5 1 5 1.50

$
$
$
136.50 1 2 3 .0 0 -1 5 4 .0 0
1 3 7 . 5 0 1 2 4 . 0 0 - 1 5 4 . 5C
132.50 1 1 4 .5 0 -1 5 4 .0 0
136.50 1 2 2 .0 0 -1 4 5 .0 0
161.00 1 4 9 .0 0 -1 6 3 .5 0

357
164
193
61

39 .0 101.50
39.5 104.00
38.5
9 9.50
39.0 104.00

104.00
107.50
99.00
103.00

88.00-116.00
8 7.50-120.00
88.50-113.50
93 .0 0-1 1 3.50

455
127
328
306

4 0.0
40.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

126.50 122.50
123.50 1 23.50
127.50 119.50
128.50 128.00

112.50-142.00
112.50-137.50
112.50-146.50
11 3.00 -1 47 .0 0

255
2 10

39.5
40 .0

123.00
126.00

121.00
127.50

--------------------------------

112.00

1 1 7 . 5C
6 9.50
84.50
6 1.00
74.50
63 .5 0
59.00

5 9 .5 0 - 87.00
6 8 .5 0 - 91 .0 0
5 6 .5 0 - 72.50
5 8 .00-1C 1.5C
5 8 . 0 0 - 7 0 . CC
5 6 . 5 C - 7 2 . 0C

S

S

S

$

$

$

1

$

$

%

$

s

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

10 5

110

115

120

1 3C

140

150

1 60

170

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

IC5

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

1 70

over

-

-

-

-

4

4

-

-

-

-

4
-

-

-

-

-

11
7
2

31
18
13
-

7C
55
15
1

66
55
11
5

240
1 99
41
17

23
23
-

-

-

2

1

1

l

171
138
33
28
4

18C
132
48
-

“

20 4
172
32
10
4

171
154
17

-

4
3
1
-

40
21
19

-

2
2
—

-

“

6
-

18

-

48

-

-

-

_

_

26
15

35
16

44
19

36
15

29
16

9

8

12

18
12
6
6

11
5

19

25

13

6
6
-

-

-

-

5

12

21
5

“

24
ie
6
6

_

-

28
16

-

-

12
4

_

-

9
-

-

-

-

-

15
9
6
3

19
6

67
4
63
60

65
9
56
45

46
37
9
9

74
23
51
51

71
20
51
51

21
3
18
18

13
1
12
12

18
-

13
13

23
10
13
11

18
18

12
11

9
7

36
25

21
19

22
12

26
17

56
55

14
14

8
8

20
19

6
6

and

an d

9 7 . 5 0 - 1 2 3 . CO

7 4.00
82.00
66.00
7 8.00
66 .5 0
64.00

$

60

107.50-137.50
108.50-139.00

$
CLASS

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------

WHOLESALE

1,232
987
245
76
82

o

HEN
A C C O U N TIN G ,

S

$

55

50

CLERKS.

$

50

45
Mean2

S

S

$

17
16
1

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

“

-

_

_

_

-

7
7
5
5

4
4
-

39
ll
28
6

34
34
16

-

“

-

8
8

9
4

2

1

-

-

33
22
11
4
-

68
52
16
-

34
28
6
-

5
5
-

18
9

7
6

9
9

6

8
1

6

3
14

1
1

6

6

-

9
9
8

5

1

7
-

6
2

10

2
2

-

~

-

41
6
35
5
9
10

77
6
71
5
19
45

43
11
32

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

l
1
-

2

P U B LIC
3FFIC E

BOYS

U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------------------

46 2
230
232
31
80
85

38.5
39.5
3 8.0
39.0
38.0
37.0

313
241
72

40.0
40.0
39.0

131.50 132.50
135.50 135.00
119.00 121.50

1 2 2.00-142.00
126.50-143.50
106.50-132.50

422
2 38
184
86

39.5
40.0
39 .0
39.0

110.00
115.50
103.00
97 .0 0

109.50
117.00
106.00
9 9.00

101.50-121.00
105.00-125.00
9 4 .0 C -U 2 .5 0
8 6 .5 0-IC 8.00

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

7
7

161
62
95

4 0 .0
9 3.50
40.0 102.50
40.0
87.50

93.50
102.00
90.50

8 5 . C O - 1 0 2 . 50
9 8 .00-106.00
7 8 .5 0 - 93.50

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

------------------------------------------

4
4

--------------------------------------------------

66

8 9.00

91 .5 0

7 9 .0 0 - 97.50

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

12
3
9
2
7
7
7

9
9

-----------------------------------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------N O N M A NU FA CTURING
P U B LIC

------------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------------------------

F I N A N C E 4 -------------------------------------------------------------S E R VIC ES

-----------------------------------------------------------

T A E U L A T I N G —M A C H I N E
CLASS

A

--------------------------------------------------

NO NM ANU FA CTURING
T A B U L A T I N G —M A C H I N E
B

OPERATORS,

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

M ANUFACTU RING

CLASS

-----------------------------------------OPERATORS,

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------F I N A N C E 4 -------------------------------------------------------------T A BU L AT IN G -M AC H IN E
CLASS

C

OPERATORS,

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------NONM ANU FA CTURING

B

o

CLASS

o

T Y PIST S,

25

o

N C N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

5
-

5
~

“

-

17
7

-

1

-

“

-

72
53
19
16

31
6
25
7
7

1

15
13
2
-

10

_

7
-

10
2
8

10
-

-

6
-

2

10

9

10
10

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

_

8
8

6

4
1
3

7
3
4

9
5
4

34
26
8

65
49
16

85
73
12

56
46
10

29
28
1

14
2
12
10

13
1
12
10

36
24
12
6

54
32
22
10

73
25
48
18

33
18
15
5

58
41
17
3

77
61
16

24
24
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

”

“

13
8
5
5

“

~

6

10
6

13
-

10
-

13
—

9
3

43
5

14
13

28
25

13

6

38

1

3

6
2
4

2
2

10

10
6
4

8
6

13

2

-

*

4

8

9

2

16

10

8

1

2

-

-

6
6
-

6
3

10
5

3

12
3
9

36
4
32

1
1
-

~

“

5
5

~

8
6

-

~

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

WOMEN
B ILLE R S,
M A C H IN E)

M A CH INE

(B IL L IN G

----------------------------------------------------------------------

M A N UFACTU RING

--------------------------------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------P U B LIC
B ILLE R S,
M A C H IN E)

U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------------------------

M A CH INE

TRADE

39.5
39 .5
39.5
40.0

8 9.00
80.00
93.50
100.00

91 .0 0
81.50
9 4.50
103.00

80.50-101.50
7 1 .0 0 - 8 5.00
9 0 . C O - 1 0 3 . 00
1C1.C0-1C4.50

117
93
65

39.5
39.5
39.5

73.00
67 .0 0
6 1.50

7 4.00
70.00
61.50

5 9 .5 0 - 8 3.00
5 7 .5 0 - 77.00
5 5 .5 0 - 7 1.00

(BO O K K E EPIN G

----------------------------------------------------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------R E TA IL

174
62
112
54

------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




6
6

~

_
“

15
15
15

16
16
16

9

16

18

16
16

18
2

27
25
2
“

12
6

_
-

44
-

~

3
41
37

3

9

1

11
11
10

3

1

2

1
—

2
—

-

-

~

~

“

_

_

_

~

_

_

_

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v erage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Detroit, Mich. , January 1965)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
„

.

$

Averag e
weekly

&

S

s

S

and in d u s t ry d iv is io n
workers

hours1
(standard)

$

S

$

%

$

*

S

t

$

$

S

$

$

$

1 ---------- 1 ----------

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

n o

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

50

S ex, o c c u p a tio n ,

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

IC 5

n o

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

over

-

2
-

20
-

31

39

22

29

22

18

28

42

5

2

9

11

20

30

1

11

18
-

16

30

29
-

12

12

8

2

n

17

45
Mean2

Mi ddl e range

Me di an 2

and
and

under

WOMEN -

CONTINUED

800KKEEFING—
MACHIN E OPERATORS*
CLASS A ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------NONMANUfACTURING ----------------------FINA N CE4---------------------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS B ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3
-------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E --------------------RETAIL T R A D E -------------------------FINANCE4---------------------------------S E R V IC E S --------------------------------CLERKS* ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3
-------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E --------------------R ETAIL T R A D E -------------------------FINANCE 4
---------------------------------S E R V IC E S ---------------------------------

$

$

$

28E

3 9 .5

$
1 00.00

9 9 .0 0

8 6 . 5 0 - 1 1 5 . 50

-

-

-

147

3 9 .5

108.00

1 0 6.50

9 7 . 5 0 - 1 1 8 . 50

-

-

-

-

7
-

141

3 9 .0

9 2 .0 0

8 7 .0 0

8 1 . C O - 1C 7 . 5 0

-

-

-

-

7

2

20

29

53

3 8 .5

8 3 .0 0

8 0 .5 0

7 6 .5 0 -

8 8 . 00

~

~

~

6

2

18

10

96 5

114

89

88

84

54

68

4

13

40

31

44

41

110

76
-

48
6

53
-

10
-

27
-

7

3

12

41

2

2
1

14
-

_

3 9 .0

7 8 .0 0

7 5 .5 0

6 3 .5 0 -

9 2 . CO

3 9 .5

9 0 . 5C

8 9 .0 0

8 0 .5 0 -

9 9 . 50

-

-

142
-

91

243
722

3 9 .0

7 4 .0 0

6 9 .0 0

6 0 .0 0 -

8 3 . 5C

-

37
37

142

36

3 9 .5

9 3 .5 0

10 0.00

7 8 . 5 0 - 1 0 4 . 00

-

-

-

91
-

ICS

4 0 .0

8 9 .0 0

8 4 .0 0

8 1 . 0 0 - n o . 50

-

-

-

8C

-

5
-

4 0 .5

7 6 .0 0

7 4 .5 0

6 8 .0 0 -

8 6. 00

-

1

12

6
-

13

16

15

3

439

3 8 .5

6 5 .0 0

6 3 .5 0

5 8 .0 0 -

6 9 . 50

-

36

130

81

88

54

14

9

58

3 6 .5

9 8 .5 0

9 8 .0 0

9 1 . 0 0 - 1 1 4 . 50

-

-

-

4

4

3

l

983

3 9 .5

1 C 8 .5 0

106.50

9 1 . 5 0 - 1 2 5 . 50

_

_

_

10

7

29

31

392

4 0 .0

125.00

127.50

1 1 2 . 5 0 - 13 8. 00

591

3 9 .0

9 7 .5 0

9 6 .5 0

8 6 . C O - 1 0 9 . OC

113

3 9 .5

1 C 6 .0 0

106.00

4 0 .0

114.00

1 2 2.00

9 3 . 0 0 - 1 2 7 . ,5 0

1 C8

4 0 .0

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

10

l

“

-

1

8 6 .5 0

8 0 . 5 0 - 1 0 1 . 50

-

-

3 8 .5

8 5 .5 0

8 4 .5 0

7 6 .5 0 -

9 4 . ,0 0

-

-

172

3 8 .5

1 02.50

9 9 .5 0

9 5 . 5 0 - 1C9 . 50

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3
-------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E --------------------RETAIL T R A D E -------------------------FINAN CE4---------------------------------S E R V I C E S --------------------------------

2 ,2 0 5

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS A -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------FINAN CE4---------------------------------CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B -------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------WHOLESALE T R A C E --------------------FINAN CE4---------------------------------SERVICES --------------------------------

3 9 .0

8 2 . 5C

8 0 .5 0

6 8 .CO-

57C

3 9 .5

9 8 .0 0

9 9 .5 0

8 1 . 5 0 - 1 1 4 . 00

1 ,6 3 5

3 9 .0

7 7 .5 0

7 6 .5 0

6 5 .5 0 -

9 6 . ,C0

9 4 .0 0

8 9 . ,0 0

46

10

61

11

16

6

22

42

30

4

39

12
1

4
_

2

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

7

53

4

-

-

28

_

6

-

-

-

-

2
-

11
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

14

54

10
-

131

10
-

13 1

-

1C7
107

126
126

7

283

3

13

11

11

10

3

9

2

11

-

87

82

88

81

74

42

71

127

112

57

29

2

l

144

8 8 .5 0

12

-

-

-

8 9 . 5 0 - 1 1 8 . 50

54

5

2

23
U

25

3

32

28

18

40

70

101

50

22

-

57
-

85

49

46

24

31

57

11

8

8

13

9

7
-

-

-

2

9
-

19

12

14
-

7
-

2
-

1

23

2

-

-

1

21

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

29

31

54

86

2

2

2

33
-

5

15

21

22

5

2

-

-

21

13

30

14

25

18

2

4

2

3
-

7
-

4

-

-

-

1

l

17

15

56

12

29

10

6

15

-

7

174

162

261

1
4

135

96

94

84

74

90

4

34

30

65

47

30

29

58

47

64

32

55

75

249

132

196

174

123

145

77

49

3C

52

19

15

4
-

221

153

-

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

352

3 9 .5

9 4 .0 0

8 2 . 0 0 - 1C4 . 50

35

21

60

51

26

14

40

16

14

-

-

-

-

2C3

4 0 .C

8 1 .0 0

8 1 .5 0

6 7 .5 0 -

9 1 . ,00

-

-

4

32

32

11

17

18

34

26

1

8

8

9

2

-

-

-

-

4 0 .0

6 9 .5 0

6 9 .0 0

6 0 .5 0 -

7 9 . 5C

5C

36

50

74

45

46

48

19

14

5

3

2

-

-

-

6 9 .0 0

6 8 .0 0

5 7 .0 0 -

7 8 . 50

81

67

24

60

36

66

22

32

19

4

3

6

1
-

-

3 8 .0

3
-

-

420

10
-

1
-

-

4C6

-

-

-

-

-

-

254

3 8 .5

7 7 .5 0

7 8 . 5C

6 8 .C C -

8 6 . ,5C

-

~

15

77

18

25

51

17

26

16

9

230

3 9 .5

9 6 .5 0

9 4 .5 0

8 4 . 0 0 - 1 1 2 . 00

-

-

136

3 9 .0

8 8 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

8 2 .0 0 -

9 1 . 00

-

-

59

3 8 .5

8 5 .5 0

8 6 .0 0

8 1 .5 0 -

8 9 . ,50

-

565

3 9 .0

7 2 .5 0

6 9 . CO

6 0 .0 0 -

8 2 . , CC

-

142

3 9 .5

9 4 .0 0

9 1 .0 0

8 C . C C - 1 1 1 . 50

-

-

423

3 9 .0

6 5 .5 0

6 3 .5 0

5 8 .5C-

7 3 .,00

-

37
-

-

-

5

33

3 9 .0

7 7 . OC

8 0 .0 0

7 2 .5 0 -

63. 5 C

-

52

4 0 .0

7 3 .0 0

7 9 .0 0

6 2 .5 0 -

8 3 . ,CC

-

7
29

22

42

4
-

7

95

1

3

_

_

_

_

_

1

14

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

5

8

6

16

15

10

15

14

l

1

l

12
-

-

2

8

52

17

3

-

-

2

5

8

52

33

16

2

2

2

6

15

22

10

48

62

45

74

12

21

ICC
IOC

106
106

5

33

6

s

24

23

10

20

3

6

4?

67

21

51

2

1

2

2

6
-

5

12

-

20

2

1
-

1

3

1

2
-

-

-

-

7

-

12

4

1

64

66

29

44

8

15

fl

5

-

30

-

_

_
-

_

_

10
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

17

17

3

_

13

14

1

3

3

8

10

“

11

17

-

-

-

“
37

6

5

251

3 9 .0

6 3 .0 0

6 2 .5 0

5 7 .5 C -

7 0 . ,0 0

-

53

3 8 .5

6 5 .0 0

6 3 . 50

5 9 .0C-

7 0 .,50

-

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC UTIL I T I E S 3
-------------------FINA N CE4----------------------------------

64 E

3 9 .5

6 0 .5 0

5 9 .5 0

5 4 .5C-

6 6 . CO

31

147

17 C

112

109

37

-

1

554

3 9 .5

5 9 .5 0

5 8 .0 0

5 4 .C C -

6 3 . 50

31

139

17 C

106

6

30

-

1

-

1

3 9 .0

7 6 . 5C

8 0 .5 0

7 3 .CO-

8 3 . CO

-

-

4

-

33
-

37

58

19

4

29

-

1

-

l

32 E

3 9 .5

5 9 . OC

5 8 . 5C

55. 5C-

6 2 . 50

4

71

137

74

2?

17

2

CLERKS, ORCER --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E ---------------------

24 E

3 9 .5

8 8 .5 0

8 6 .0 0

7 5 . C O - I C 7 ., 0 0

13

4

3

2

2

37

25

30

34

13

7

101

3 8 .5

9 5 .0 0

9 3 .0 0

7 6 . 0 0 - 1 1 6 . 5C

-

-

-

-

-

24

9

12

1

8

4

13

4

3

?

2

13

16

18

33

-

-

-

2

2

9

2

14

20

5
5

See footnotes at end of table.




147

3 9 .5

8 4 .0 0

8 5 .5 0

77

4 0 .0

9 1 .0 0

8 7 .5 0

7 5 .CO,

9 8 . 50

8 1 . 5 0 - 1C 3 . ,CC

_

1

1

10

3

19
12

3

7

7

12

1

6

2

5

4
4

_

_

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

?

-

-

-

-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Detroit, Mich. , January 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —
$

S

S

$

$

o ccu p a tio n ,

and

industry

division

workers

%

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

1

S

$

S

WOMEN -

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

50

Sex,

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

over

-

5

6

26

24

66

53

102

_

-

_
_
_
_

_

_
_
_

-

-

~

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

45

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

and

CONTINUED

CLERKS. PAYROLL -------------------- MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 -----------R ETA IL TRADE ------------------SERVICES -------------------------

912

3 9 .5

$
9 9 . GO

$
9 8 .5 0

566

4 C .0

1 0 5 . 5C

1 06.00

346

3 9 .5

8 8 . 30

9 0 .0 0

4 C .0

1 0 1 . GO

4 C. 0

8 C .G 0

8 2 . OU

6 9 .5 0 -

66

3 8 .0

8 6 . 5C

8 8 . OC

8 0 .0 0 -

COMPTOMETER O PER ATO R S-----------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-----------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------RETAIL T R A D E ------------------

1 ,0 2 4

3 9 .5

9 5 .5 0

9 7 .0 0

7 9 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0

_

9

591

4 0 .0

1 06.00

-

3

7

1

11

17

30

9

5

35

67

45

67

45

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 1 3 .0 0

-

-

2

-

3

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

DUPL ICATING-MACHINE OPERATORS
(MIMECGRAPH OR D ITTO I ----------KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING-------------------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------FINANCE4----------------------KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS
MANUFACTURING-------------NONMANUFACTURING --------WHOLESALE T R A D E -------R ETAIL TRADE
FINANCE4--------------------------------O FFICE GIRLS
MANUFACTURING — ---------NONMANUFACTURING --------FINANCE4-------------------S E C R E T A R IE S --------------MANUFACTURING------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3
WHOLESALE TRAOE RETAIL T R A D E -----FINANCE4-------------S E R V I C E S ------------

73
115

1 0 1 . CC

1 0 7.50

433

3 9 .5

8 1 .0 0

7 9 .0 0

40

3 9 .5

1 04.50

1 1 0.00

$
$
8 3 . C O - 1 1 3 . 00

28

76

1C1

64

95

56

44

94

59

9

1

9

7

32

4

4C

17

57

50

48

87

36

27

86

57

8

-

5

5

17

17

34

24

36

36

45

51

16

12

20

17

8

2

1

-

-

1

8

1

9 3 .5 0

-

5

9 3 .5 0

“

9 3 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
7 7 .0 0 -

9 9 .0 0

9 0 . 5 0 - 1 1 3 . 5C

9 7 .5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
6 9 .5 0 -

9 1 .0 0

5
-

-

8

-

2

3

3

3

4

13

10

14

4

12

8

11

12

14

11

13

17

2

-

2

3

-

5

4

8

4

15

12

24

5

1

-

“

8

-

42

68

56

84

75

57

81

82

63

79

75

105

120

17

27

74

78

40

54

90

116

20

15

4

-

-

-

-

-

17

2

1

5

1

2

13

3

-

-

-

-

-

1

”

~

-

9 4 .5 0

9 2 .5 0

8 8 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

11

8

7

40

2

3 9 .0

7 4 .5 0

7 4 .0 0

6 7 .5 0 -

8 3 .0 0

~

9

2

28

57

42

37

36

29

14

6

66

3 9 .5

8 5 .0 0

8 1 .5 0

7 1 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0

3

-

4

i

6

1 8

-

5

5

2

986

3 9 .5

9 8 .0 0

1 0 2.00

8 3 .5 0 -1 1 1 .5 0

_

_

22

11

31

46

84

77

57

87

436

4 0 .0

1 0 8.00

1 08.00

9 9 .0 0 -1 1 8 .5 0

-

-

-

-

4

18

14

3 9 .5

9 0 .0 0

8 8 .0 0

7 7 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0

22

11

31

46

80

59

43

1 0 5 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0

-

-

-

552

-

-

-

1 0 9.00

7 7 .0 0

7 6 .0 0

6 9 .0 0 -

8 5 .0 0

“

1 .8 9 9

3 5 .5

9 0 .5 0

8 9 .5 0

7 5 . C O - 1 0 4 . 00

_

6

4 0 .0

1 0 0.00

9 9 .0 0

8 9 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

863

3 9 .0

7 9 .5 0

7 5 .5 0

7 0 .5 0 -

8 7 .5 0

187

4 0 .0

8 7 .5 0

8 1 .0 0

7 5 .5 0 -

9 4 .5 0

-

ICC

4 0 .0

7 2 .0 0

7 3 .0 0

6 6 .0 0 -

8 1 .0 0

-

2

197

3 9 .0

7 2 .0 0

6 9 .5 0

6 3 .5 0 -

7 9 .5 0

366

3 9 .0

7 0 .5 0

6 7 .0 0

5 8 .OC-

7 6 . OC

98

4 0 .0

9 0 .0 0

8 4 .0 0

7 5 .5 0 -1 1 1 .5 0

1 ,0 3 6

268

3 9 .0

6 3 .5 0

6 3 .0 0

5 6 .5 0 -

6 9 . CO

84

3 9 .5

6 0 .0 0

5 9 .0 0

5 6 .OC-

6 5 .0 0

2

1

5

5

3

-

-

-

-

54

67

183

80

83

95

11

-

_

-

-

48

31

46

53

24

72

75

11

39

23

21

SC

56

11

20

-

-

-

52

10

20

-

-

-

-

2

2

4

5

4

10

10

9

74

9

25

40

32

26

23

13

8

4

3

29

79

94

269

163

137

197

132

205

149

106

-

~
92

no

125
93

-

6

~

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

45

60

58

105

85

193

127

78

70

106

6

29

79

84

224

103

79

92

47

12

22

28

22

4

32

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

24

6

48

16

10

28

3

1

-

3

4

32

-

-

-

-

-

5

17

7

30

12

16

11
~

~

~

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
5

"

6

22

1 0 7.00

3 9 .0

19

40

38

28

21

20

10

7

8

“

80

29

76

43

23

23

3

6

1

3

5

31

-

3

4

7

10

9

20

2

3

1

3

4

31

3

-

-

1

-

328

6

2

37

5

37

77

25

69

33

-

13

37

13

20

-

1

_

-

14

3

1

6 ,4 1 5

3 9 .0

117.00

1 1 9.00

1 0 2 . C O - 1 3 3 . 00

_

358

433

455

417

572

1175

1144

499

182

69

49

12 7.50

1 2 8.00

1 1 7 .0 0 -1 3 7 .5 0

-

-

-

33
-

113

4 0 .0

14
-

36

3 ,9 2 7

-

17

5

25

42

53

215

226

2 50

395

953

1016

454

161

68

47

2 ,4 8 8

3 8 .0

1 0 1.00

9 9 .5 0

8 8 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0

-

-

14

36

33

113

96

176

219

2 86

305

218

229

167

177

222

128

45

21

-

10

-

5

5

10

11

21

20

25

28

71

30

83

16

26

13

-

-

-

6

9

3

25

19

41

34

27

51

52

39

13

4

29

374

3 9 .0

113.00

1 1 3.50

1 0 2 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0

-

-

323

4 0 .0

1 13.50

1 1 4.50

1 C 2 . 5 0 - 1 2 5 . CO

241

4 0 .0

-

-

-

13

9 5 .5 0

9 1 .5 0

646

3 8 .5

9 4 .0 0

9 5 .5 0

8 5 .5 0 -1 0 5 .0 0

904

3 6 .5

9 8 .5 0

9 6 .5 0

8 6 .C 0 -1 C 9 .5 0

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3
WHOLESALE TRADE —
RETAIL T R A D E ------FINANCE4--------------S E R V IC E S --------------

2 ,5 0 5

3 9 .5

9 2 .5 0

9 3 .5 0

8 1 . 0 0 - 1 0 3 . OC

1 ,7 5 5

4 0 .0

9 7 .5 0

9 7 .0 0

9 0 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

1 ,1 5 4

3 9 .5

8 4 .0 0

8 3 .0 0

7 1 .5 0 -

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING —
WHOLESALE TRADE FINANCE4-------------S E R V I C E S ------------

3 ,0 9 5

4 0 .0

1 07.00

1 08.00

9 9 .5 0 -1 1 6 .5 0

_

_

_

2 ,5 2 0

4 0 .0

1 10.00

10 9.50

1 0 2 .0 0 -1 1 8 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

17

“

3




55

14
13

4 C .0

4 0 .0

-

65

5

-

261

202

-

_
_

8

-

205

-

_

-

92

-

See footnotes at end of table.

7

_
_
_

8 4 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0

_
-

1

1

113

181

244

1C

24

45

38

11

10

15

2

16

27

39

28

33

51

104

98

76

€0

27

21

26

3

3

-

9

5

59

33

95

109

98

144

62

73

41

64

51

55

1

4

158

201

1

24

14

14

1

1

-

2

2

1

-

~

“

207

240

243

431

421

27C

158

181

151

123

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

36

61

79

128

128

313

363

187

113

123

114

103

2

15

40

63

122

140

128

112

115

118

58

E3

45

58

37

20

-

-

-

-

-

26

34

25

30

20

19

3C

38

50

29

11

-

-

6

-

-

13

9

16

48

62

29

43

7

5

8

9

8 4 .5 0

-

3

4

11

11

21

19

15

5

2

5

1C

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

23

46

87

71

57

48

15

22

1

-

13

6

18

9

9

8

17

12

4

12

32

38

106

152

114

375

394

588

400

338

514

31

1

1

5

6

36

52

54

314

362

455

377

304

482

31

1

11

27

32

70

100

60

61

32

S3

23

34

32

-

-

-

6

1

16

1C

12

10

8

5

14

30

45

34

24

5

2

—

-

-

9

28

36

14

15

12

69

7

~

~

9 6 . CC

318

3 9 .5

9 7 .0 0

1 0 0.00

8 3 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

249

4 0 .0

9 3 .0 0

9 3 .0 0

8 7 .5 0 -IC 1 .C 0

105

4 0 .0

7 7 .0 0

7 6 .5 0

6 9 .5 0 -

382

3 8 .5

7 2 .0 0

7 1 .5 0

6 6 .0 0 -

7 9 .0 0

96

3 9 .5

7 6 .5 0

7 6 .5 0

6 6 .5 0 -

8 8 .0 0

575

3 9 .0

9 5 .5 0

9 4 .0 0

8 5 .C 0 -1 0 7 .0 0

68

4 0 .0

1 0 5.00

1 C 5 .5 0

9 8 .0 0 -1 1 3 .5 0

182

3 9 .5

8 6 .0 0

8 7 .0 0

8 0 .5 0 -

193

3 7 .0

9 6 .5 0

9 7 .5 0

8 6 . 0 0 - 1 0 7 . CO

9 3 .0 0

15

-

4C

-

68

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

'

"

'

-

-

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v erage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry division, Detroit, Mich. , January 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
$

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

w o m e n

and in d u s t ry d iv is io n

-

Co

45

60

65

55

60

65

70

$

$

IC C

IC 5

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

17C

85

90

95

100

1C5

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

over

321

4 0 .0

1 0 8.00

111.G O

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0

-

-

-

263

4 0 .C

11 0.00

1 1 2.00

1 0 3 .5 0 -1 1 7 .0 0

-

-

-

CLASS

101.00

8 9 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

4

-

6

16

20

26

35

32

90

63

25

3

_

_

-

-

—

11

15

18

33

3C

68

61

25

2

_

-

“

4

6

5

5

8

2

2

22

2

-

l

-

-

37

39

37

2
-

-

-

-

-

487

3 9 .5

7 9 .0 0

7 6 .5 0

9 2 .0 0

_

34

14

13

3

9 8 .5 0

9 8 .5 0

9 0 .5 0 -1 0 7 .0 0

-

-

-

61
-

34

3 9 .5

99
-

44

66

3

1

2

9

12

9

11

8

8

6 4 .0 0 -

8 7 .0 0

-

10

19

99

61

41

35

30

25

25

23

6

5

3
-

-

40
-

3

3

2

8

15

19

7

2

4

-

23
-

4
-

4
-

28

OPERATORS,

CLASS

9 9 .0 0

1

-

1
-

B 5 -----------

6 4 .5 0 -

~

~
10

421

3 9 .5

7 5 .5 0

7 2 .5 0

U T I L I T I E S 3- ---------------------------------

47

4 0 .0

1 0 0.00

1 01.50

9 7 .5 C -1 0 4 .5 0

-

-

T R A D E ------------------------------------------------

138

4 0 .0

6 8 .0 0

6 7 .5 0

6 2 .5 0 -

7 4 .5 0

-

10

N O NM ANU FA CTURING

------------------------------------------

19

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

15

14

15

_

_

_

9

8

14

15

-

-

-

-

-

19

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18

12

15

6

3

-

-

-

13

6

14

19

3

8

13

15

10

-

-

11

11
-

42

84

95

120

83

161

53

59

37

16

34

24

59

45

77

10

44

25

26

50

71

61

38

84

43

15

12

—

-

2

4

1

l l

9

12

1

2

41

27

8 7 .5 0

-

—

6 2 .0 0 -

7 7 .5 0

“

-

O P ER AT O R -R E C EP T IO N I S T S -

842

3 9 .5

8 2 .5 0

8 2 .5 0

7 2 .5 0 -

9 1 .0 0

5

20

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------

400

3 9 .5

8 5 .5 0

8 5 .0 0

7 5 .5 0 -

9 7 .0 0

-

20

N O NM ANU FA CTURING

------------------------------------------

442

3 9 .5

8 0 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

7 1 .5 0 -

8 9 .0 0

5

-

U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------------------

48

3 9 .0

8 6 .0 0

9 1 .0 0

8 5 .0 0 -

9 7 .0 0

5

-

11
-

-

_

-

9

7 1 .5 0 -

6 4 .5 0

-

-

-

7

8 1 .5 0

7 0 .5 0

-

-

_

-

66

7 9 .0 0

-

_

-

2
-

8

3 8 .0
3 9 .0

_
-

-

44

77

_

-

26

135

PUBLIC

-

41

11
-

-----------------------------------------------------------

F I N A N C E 4 --------------------------------------------------------------

SW ITCH BO ARD

1

95

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------

S ER VIC ES

i

90

3 9 .0

R E TA IL

$

85

58

PU B LIC

$

80

$

A 5-----------

---------------------------------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------SW IT C H B0A R 0

I

75

80

70

n i i n u e o

OPERATORS,

M ANUFACTU RING

55

Median 1
2

$
SW ITCH B0ARC

50

50

S e x , o cc u p a tio n ,

6
1

T R A D E ---------------------------------------

162

3 9 .5

8 2 .5 0

8 4 .0 0

7 5 .5 0 -

9 0 .0 0

-

—

-

4

32

39

8

2

1

2

F I N A N C E 4 -------------------------------------------------------------

112

3 8 .5

7 1 .5 0

7 1 .0 0

6 7 .0 0 -

7 6 .5 0

—

-

3

11

37

31

9

11

9

1

S E R V I C E S -----------------------------------------------------------

78

3 9 .0

8 1 .0 0

8 4 .5 0

7 1 .5 0 -

8 9 .0 0

-

3

6

9

6

6

11

23

4

1

8

1

58

4 0 .0

1 32.00

1 34.50

3

1

-

1

WHOLESALE

T A B U L A T I N G —M ACH I N E
CLASS

A

-

OPERATORS

-------------------------------------------------------

T A f i U L A T I N G —M A C H I N E

1 2 6 . 5 0 - 1 4 3 . 5C

2

OPERATORS,

---------------------------------------------------------

145

3 9 .0

1 0 5.00

1 0 3.00

9 1 .5 C -1 1 9 .0 0

2

7

9

7

12

10

8

14

17

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

55

4 0 .0

121.50

1 2 2.50

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

1

4

6

8

6

10

17

N O N M ANU FA CTURING

9C

3 8 .5

9 4 .5 0

9 3 .0 0

8 7 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

2

7

9

10

31

6

8

9

2

2

4

24

38

39

29

CLASS

B

T R A N S C R I 6 I N C —MACH1NE

--------------------------

10

31

15

OPERATORS,
3 9 .0

7 9 .5 0

7 6 .5 0

66 .,5 0 -

9 1 ..50

_

2

62

6

8

9

10

32

2

78

4 0 .0

9 7 .5 0

9 4 .5 0

8 6 ., 0 0 - 1 1 6 .,00

-

-

-

-

5

8

6

5

18

3

l

-

8

23

1

371

3 9 .0

7 6 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

65 ,,5 0 -

8 6 .,50

-

2

25

49

110

15

30

33

24

44

3

7

9

2

9

1

---------------------------------------

60

4 0 .0

7 5 .5 0

6 9 .5 0

6 6 .,0 C -

9 0 ,.50

-

-

-

10

22

6

-

4

2

15

-

-

-

-

-

1

F I N A N C E 4 --------------------------------------------------------------

174

3 8 .5

7 3 .0 0

6 9 .0 0

65 .. 5 0 -

8 2 .,00

-

2

15

17

7C

-

17

27

4

15

3

2

78

120

43

165

172

-

~

_

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2

19

3
"

G E N E R A L ------------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
WHOLESALE

TRAOE

------------------------------------------

44 5

A

---------------------

1 ,7 1 2

3 9 .5

9 6 .0 0

9 8 .5 0

85 ., 0 0 - 1 1 1 . 00

M ANUFACTU RING

--------------------

1 ,C 6 6

4 C .0

1 0 2.50

106.50

5 5 . 5 0 - 1 1 2..5 0

646

3 8 .5

8 5 .5 0

8 4 .0 0

T Y PIST S,

CLASS

NCN M AN U FA C TU R IN G

------------

7 3 ., 0 0 -

9 8 .0 0

F I N A N C E 4 --------------------------------------------------------------

888

3 8 .5

S E R V I C E S -----------------------------------------------------------

330

3 8 .5

PU BLIC

U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------------------

WHOLESALE
R E TA IL

TRAOE

TRADE

---------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .C
3 9 .5

78.50
9 2.00
6e.50
80.00
80.00
6 5.00
6 4.00
6 9 . 0C

3

96

63

165

75

149

309

119

2

76

48

33

25

61

52

3

1

9

16

19

28

3

1

-

-

3

4

7

1

5

1

7

-

24

-

-

16

54

49

28

59

35

29

3

3

20

26

-

29

27

7

20

5

488

-

4?

290

_

-

3

7 4 ., 0 0 - 1 0 2..0 0

3 9 .0

122

60
105

3

8 7 .0 0

4 0 .0

361

4
39

-

88.00

3, C49

210

22
98

-

3 6 .0

1,287
1,762
173
225
146

104

2
76
-

-

182

---------------------------------------------------

198

19
-

-

S E R V I C E S ---------------------------B

111

-

-

-

7 8 . OC

CLASS

6

-

-

1 0 4.00

7 7 .0 0

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

_

—

1 04.00

9 8 .0 0

3 9 .0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------

_

8 4 . 5 0 - 112..5 0

100.00

4 0 .0

TY PIST S,

110

9 0 . 0 0 - 1 1 1..0 0

4 0 .0

52
276

TRAOE

-

69 ,. 5 0 -

IC S

---------

U T I L I T I E S 3------

49

6
-

F I N A N C E 4 -------------------------------

P U B LIC

WHOLESALE

25

8 5 .0 0

-

5

8

10

5

233

204

190

258

209

121

76

82

64

53

8 1 . 5 0 - 1C2,.5 0

15
-

67

9 3 .0 0

-

6

74

48

83

79

no

129

195

194

IC 4

74

76

62

53

6 7 .0 0

6 1 .0 0 -

7 4 , . 5C

15

67

284

414

27C

298

154

94

61

63

15

17

2

6

2

7 6 .0 0

7 2 .. 0 0 -

88..0 0

-

-

2

18

62

26

15

13

9

10

13

-

5

-

8 0 .5 0

72,,o c -

90..5 0

-

-

-

7

20

6

52

25

31

22

51

2

4

2

1

2

-

3

_

2

1

7 4 .5 0

6 4 .. 0 0 -

9 2 .,0 0

318

5

-

381

6 2 .5 0

5 8 .,c c -

74..5 0

3

7

47

35

13

6

26

7

-

6 3 .5 0

59., 5 C -

6 8 .5 0

12

164

307

171

106

48

14

6 1 .. 5 0 -

7 4 . 5C

“

66

50

62

72

29

27

18

-

-

-

-

8

6 9 .0 0

" 8
2

-

1

1
2
the ra te
3
4
5

S t a n d a rd h o u r s r e fle c t the w o r k w e e k fo r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a l a r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
T h e m e a n is co m p u te d fo r e a c h jo b by to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a l l w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s itio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e than
show n; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the ra te show n. T h e m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d by 2 r a t e s o f p ay ; a fo u rth o f the w o r k e r s e a r n le s s th an the lo w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a fo u rth e a r n m o r e than the h ig h e r ra te .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
D e s c r ip t i o n fo r th is o c c u p a tio n h as b e e n r e v is e d sin c e the la s t s u r v e y in th is a r e a .
S e e ap p e n d ix A .




9

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s s tu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , D e t ro it , M ic h . , J a n u a ry 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

S e x , o ccu p atio n , and in d u s t ry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
$

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Median 2

Middle range 2

65

$

$

$

S

$

$

$

$

$

$

S

$

$

I

$

$

$

7C

75

80

85

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

19C

200

210

220

230

75

80

85

90

100

110

12 0

130

140

15 0

160

170

180

190

2 C0

21 0

220

230

over

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

5
5

2
2

9
8

“

Under
Mean2

$

%

~

~

“

-

1

81
71
10

1 16
11 2
4

212
1 95
17

309
269
40

235
1 91
44

244
175
69

16 5
79
86

108
81
27

69
59
10

144
138
6

272
175
97
10
87

329
221
1C8
25
82

355
267

439
354
85

417
308
1 09

364
217
14 7

26 6
252
14

222
2 11
11

14 2
139

E2

79

10 4

1 44

10

3

1

2

-

85
84

24
24
-

3
3

1
1
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

and
under

$
65

7C

and

MEN
$

$

$

$

CLASS

A 3--------------------------------------------*
1

1 ,7 0 3

4 0 .0

18 6.50

1 8 3.50

1 7 0 .C O -2 0 2 .5 0

M ANUFACTU RING

--------------------------------------------------

1 ,3 8 9

4 0 .0

1 86.00

1 81.00

1 6 7 .5 0 -2 0 1 .5 0

314

4 C .0

1 89.50

1 9 3.00

1 8 1 .0 0 -2 0 3 .5 0

CRAFTSMEN*

N C N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

------------------------------------------

B 3---------------------------------------------

3 ,0 5 4

4 0 .0

168.50

1 6 8.50

2 *34C

4 C .0

1 7 2.00

1 7 0.50

_

1 4 9 .0 0 -1 8 6 .5 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

~

-

-

17

34
8
26
-

137
56
81

-

20
4
16

123
93
30
24
6

151
59
92
6

200
135
65
13

215
138
77
17

1 88
1 27
61

2C6
1 42
64

231
193
38

82

52

55

60

64

36

127
120

81
60

13
13

4
4

133
1 22

85
81

105
1 02

4
3

5

1 5 3 .5 C -1 9 3 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS

157.50

1 6 1.00

U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------------------------------

64

3 9 .5

1 3 6.00

1 3 6.50

1 2 7 .0 0 -1 4 5 .0 0

S E R V I C E S -----------------------------------------------------------

616

4 0 .0

158.50

1 6 2.50

1 4 3 .0 C -1 8 0 .C 0

-

C 3 ---------------------------------------------

1 ,5 4 2

4 0 .0

1 2 6.00

1 2 6.50

1 C 9 .5 0 -1 4 7 .5 0

9

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------

1 3 3.50

1 3 6.50

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 5 2 .0 0

-

-

N C N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

9

17

9

-

14
8
6
-

17

6

26

27
19
8
4
4

60
3

8
4

31
2

16
7

71
46

24
17

13
8

103
92

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------P U B LIC

DRAFTSMEN,

PUBLIC

CLASS

714

4 0 .0

1 4 2 .0 C -1 7 9 .C 0

997

4 0 .0

------------------------------------------

545

4 C. 0

113.00

1 1 2.50

9 6 . CO— 1 3 2 . 5 0

U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------------------------------

43

3 9 .0

112.00

1 14.00

1 0 3 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

S E R V I C E S -----------------------------------------------------------

489

4 0 .0

1 1 2.50

1 1 2.00

9 4 .5 0 -1 3 3 .0 0

D R A F T S M E N - T R A C E R S 3 ------------------------------------------------

482

4 0 .0

9 2 .0 0

9 8 .5 0

7 4 .C 0 -1 C 7 .5 0

47

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------

266

4 0 .0

104.50

1 0 4.00

I C O . G O - 1 1 2 . 00

7

--------

473

4 0 .0

11 7.50

1 16.50

1 C 8 .5 0 -1 2 9 .5 0

--------------------------------------------------

42 5

4 0 .0

1 1 8.00

1 1 7.50

1 C 9 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0

24

-

-

3
78

57
37

ee
l

hOMEN

NURSES,

IN C U ST R IA L

M A N UFACTU R ING

1

4

(R E G ISTER ED )

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a l a r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th es e w e e k ly h o u r s .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
D e s c r ip t io n f o r th is o c c u p a tio n h a s b e e n r e v is e d s in c e the l a s t s u r v e y in th is a r e a . See ap p e n d ix A .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




1

-

3

68

_

66
2

-

-

-

10
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e ra g e straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a re a b asis
by industry division, Detroit, Mich. , January 1965)
A v e ra g e

A ve ra g e

N um ber
and

C FFIC E

industry

divisio n

A v e ra g e

N um ber

of

W e e k ly

W e e k ly

w o r k e rs

O ccu pation

h o u rs 1
(s ta n d a rd )

e a rn in g s 1
( s ta n d a rd )

O C C U PA TIO N S

and

industry

division

N um ber
W e e k ly

of

W e e k ly

h o u rs 1

O ccu pation

e a rn in g s 1
(s ta n d a rd )

( s t a n d a rd )

C FFIC E

O C C U PA TIO N S

-

C O N T IN U ED

O ccu pation

and

in d u stry

d ivisio n

of
w o r k e rs

W e e k ly
h o u rs 1
(s ta n d a rd )

O FFICE

OC C U PA TIO N S

-

W e e k ly
e a rn in g s 1
(s ta n d a rd )

C ONTIN UED
$

B ILLE R S *

M A CH INE

(B IL L IN G

$

CLERKS,

F IL E ,

CLASS

C

----------------------------------------

652

3 9 .5

6 0 .5 0

----------------------------------------------

558

3 9 .5

186

3 9 .5

9 0 .5 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

62

3 9 .5

8 0 .0 0

U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------------------------

61

---------------

124

3 9 .5

; 9 5 .5 0

F I N A N C E 3 -------------------------------------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------

58

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 1 .5 0

3 9 .5

1 ,7 6 2

4 0 .0

9 7 .5 0

3 9 .5

7 7 . 5G

NCN M A N U FA C T U R IN G

------------------------------------------

1 ,1 6 8

3 9 .5

8 4 .5 0

328

3 9 .5

5 9 .0 0

U T I L I T I E S 2-------------------------------------

326

3 5 .5

9 7 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

-----------------------------------------------------------------

7C3

3 9 .5

1 1 3.00

228

3 9 .5

1 1 0.50

475

4 0 .0

1 1 4 .0 0
1 2 1.00

1 0 0.00

54

2 ,9 3 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------

N C N M A N U FA C T U R IN G

-------------------------------------------

6 0 .0 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------

M A C H IN E!

----------------------------------

N C N M A N U FA C T U R IN G
P U B LIC

WHOLESALE

B ILLE R S*

T R A D E ------------

M A CH INE

M AC H IN E!

(B O O K K E E P IN G

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

117

3 9 .5

------------------------------------------

93

3 9 .5

65

3 9 .5

6 1 .5 0

PU B LIC

7 3 .0 0

ORDER

----------------------------------------------

285
M A NUFACTU R ING

---------------------------------------------------

3 9 .5

1 0 0.00

146

3 9 .5

10 7.50

-------------------------------------------

141

3 9 .0

9 2 .0 0

F I N A N C E 3 --------------------------------------------------------------

53

3 8 .5

8 3 .0 0

NONM ANU FACTURING

---------------------------------------

255

4 0 .0

------------------------------------------------

1C5

4 0 .0

7 7 .0 0

F I N A N C E 3 --------------------------------------------------------------

382

3 8 .5

7 2 .0 0

S E R V I C E S -----------------------------------------------------------

56

3 9 .5

7 6 .5 0

R ETAIL

TRADE

383

4 0 .0

S E N I O R -------------------------------------

3 ,0 9 6

4 0 .0

107.00

1 ,1 6 7

3 9 .5

10 4.50

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------

2 ,5 2 1

4 0 .0

1 1 0.00

---------------------------------------------------

7 76

4 0 .0

1 1 1 .0 0

NCN M A N U FA C T U R IN G

575

3 9 .0

9 5 .5 0

------------------------------------------

351

3 9 .5

9 1 .0 0

T R A D E ----------------------------------------

68

4 0 .0

1 0 5.00

U T I L I T I E S 2 ----------------------------------------

102

4 0 .0

1 04.00

F I N A N C E 3 --------------------------------------------------------------

182

3 9 .5

8 6 .0 0

SER VIC ES

193

3 7 .0

9 6 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS,

P U B LIC

-------------------------------------------

5C

3 9 .5

10 1.00

T R A O E ----------------------------------------------------

117

4 0 .0

WHOLESALE

TRACE

S E R V I C E S -----------------------------------------------------------------

87

3 8 .0

8 6 .0 0

1 .C 3 4

3 9 .5

9 5 .5 0

593

4 0 .0

1 0 6.00

441

3 9 .5

8 1 .0 0

-----------------------------------------------------------

SW ITCH BO ARD

OPERATORS,

M A N UFACTU R ING
B O O K K EE P IN G -M A C H IN E
CLASS

B

OPERATORS*

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

M ANU F AC T U R IN G

---------------------------------------------------

NCN M A N U FA C T U R IN G
PU B LIC

-------------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------------------------

COMPTOMETER

OPERATORS

58€

3 9 .0

7 8 .5 0

M ANU F AC T U R IN G

243

3 9 .5

9 0 .5 0

N C N M A N U FA C T U R IN G

745

3 9 .0

7 4 .5 0

P U B LIC

38

3 9 .5

9 4 .0 0

W HOLESALE
R E TA IL

IC
S

4 0 .0

8 9 .0 0

T R A D E ------------------------------------------------

8C

4 0 .5

F I N A N C E 3 --------------------------------------------------------------

442

3 8 .5

6 5 .0 0

76

3 6 .5

9 7 . OC

---------:------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

R E TA IL

SER VIC ES

TRADE

---------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------

66

3 9 .5

N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

421

3 9 .5

7 5 .5 0

----------------------------------------------------

261

3 9 .C

7 4 .5 0

DUPL IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E
lM IM E O G R A P H

OR

-------------------------------------

104

-------------------------------------------------------

64

3 9 .5

1 3 4.00

3 9 .0

1 0 8.00

M A N UFACTU RING

U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------------------------------

18S

NONM ANU FACTURING

8 7 .5 0

4 0 .C

4 0 .0

11 6.50

T R A D E ---------------------------------------

136

3 9 .5

13 6.50

I R A O E ------------------------------------------------

123

4 0 .0

9 1 .5 0

F I N A N C E 3--------------------------------------------------------------

177

3 8 .0

SER VIC ES

---------------------

555

3 9 .5

9 8 .0 0

-------------------------------------------------------

443

4 0 .0

1 0 8.00

OPERATORS,

CLASS

A

----------------------------------------------

556

3 9 .0

9 0 .0 0

U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------------------------

202

4 C .0

10 7.00

F I N A N C E 3 --------------------------------------------------------------------

205

3 9 .0

7 7 .0 0

PU B LIC

211

3 8 .0

1 0 5.50

-------------------

2 ,5 6 2

3 9 .0

8 5 .5 0

---------------------------------------------------

734

3 9 .5

9 9 .5 0

WHOLESALE

39. G

7 9 .5 0

R E T A IL

------------------------------------------------------------

A CCO UNTIN G,

M A N U FAC TU R IN G

NONM ANU FACTURING
PU B LIC

CLASS

B

------------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------------------------------

1 ,8 2 8

6 8 .0 0

77

3 8 .0

7 9 .0 0

S E R V I C E S -----------------------------------------------------------

135

3 9 .0

7 0 .5 0

85C

3 9 .5

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------

408

3 9 .5

8 6 .0 0

NO NM ANU FACTURING

442

3 9 .5

8 0 .0 0

P U B LIC

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T S -------------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------------------------------

1 ,5 0 4

WHOLESALE

48

3 9 .0

8 2 .5 0

8 6 .0 0

T R A D E ---------------------------------------

162

3 9 .5

8 2 .5 0

F I N A N C E 3 --------------------------------------------------------------

112

3 8 .5

7 1 .5 0

78

3 9 .0

8 1 .0 0

3 5 .5

9 0 .5 0

---------------------------------------------------

1 , C3 5

4 0 .0

1 0 0.00

N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

865

3 9 .0

7 9 .5 0

T R A O E ----------------------------------------

188

4 0 .0

8 7 .5 0

M A N U FAC TU R IN G

T R A D E ----------------------------------------------------

IO C

4 0 .0

7 2 .0 0

NO NM ANU FACTURING

F I N A N C E 3 --------------------------------------------------------------------

KEYPUNCH

OPERATORS,

CLASS

B

-------------------

TA B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

OPERATORS,
371

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4 0 .0

28C

4 0 .0

13 5.50

91

3 9 .0

12 1.00

1 0 9.00

1 32.00

157

3 9 .0

7 2 .0 0

82 8

3 9 .0

7 2 .5 0

567

3 9 .5

7 0 .5 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------

328

3 9 .5

8 4 .5 0

M A N U F AC T U R IN G

---------------------------------------------------

293

4 0 .0

1 17.00

7 8 .0 0

N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------

50C

3 8 .5

6 4 .5 0

N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

2 74

3 9 .0

1 00.50

77

3 8 .5

7 4 .5 0

F I N A N C E 3 --------------------------------------------------------------

114

3 9 .0

9 5 .5 0

3 9 .5

9 6 .5 0

264

3 9 .5

8 6 .5 0

412

4 C .0

7 0 .0 0

F I N A N C E 3--------------------------------------------------------------

472

3 7 .5

S E R V I C E S -----------------------------------------------------------

264

3 8 .5

TRAOE

1 0 0.00

4 0 .0

G I R L S -------------------------------------------

416

---------------------------------------

T R A O E ------------------------------------------------

WHOLESALE
R ETAIL

4 0 .0

138

S E R V I C E S -----------------------------------------------------------M AN U F AC T U R IN G

CLERKS,

47

T R A O E ------------------------------------------------

SW ITCH BO ARC
KEYPUNCH

9 0 .0 0

W HOLESALE

U T I L I T I E S 2-------------------------------------

9 6 .5 0

1 2 4.50

4 0 .0

3 5 .5

P U B LIC

F I N A N C E 3 --------------------------------------------------------------

OPERATORS

C II TO)

€36

P U B LIC

7 9 .0 0
9 8 .5 0

B 4 -----------

9 4 .0 0

1 ,3 7 9

R E T A IL

3 9 .5

CLASS

1 04.50

2 ,2 1 5

A

9 9 .5 0

487

OPERATORS,

3 9 .5

-------------------

CLASS

1 08.00
109.50

3 9 .0

4 C .0

---------------------------------------------------

A CCO UNTIN G,

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

63

4C

N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

M ANU F AC T U R IN G

327
264

RE TA IL

M A N U FAC TU R IN G
CLERKS,

SW ITCH BO ARC

CLASS

------------------------------------------

IG C

TRADE

TRACE

A 4 -----------

---------------------------------------------------

NONM ANU FACTURING

-------------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 2 ----------------------------------------

7 6 .0 0

W HOLESALE

------------------------------------------

8 0 .0 0

WHOLESALE
R E T A IL

TRADE

9 2 .5 0

---------------------------------------

TRADE

PAYROLL

NCN M A N U FA C T U R IN G

OPERATORS,

GENERAL

------------------------------------------------------

W HOLESALE
CLERKS,

M ANU F AC T U R IN G
B O O K K EE P IN G -M A C H IN E

P U B LIC

W HOLESALE
CLERKS,

6 7 .0 0

T R A D E ------------------------------------------------

NONM ANU FACTURING
R ETAIL

N C N M A N U FA C T U R IN G

STENOGRAPHERS,

TA B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E
O FF IC E

BOYS

AND

PU B LIC

U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------------------------

--------------------------------

249

3 9 .5

9 7 .5 0

RE TA IL

T R A D E -----------------------------------------------------

68

3 9 .5

141

3 9 .0

8 9 .0 0

F I N A N C E 3 --------------------------------------------------------------------

164

3 8 .5

6 3 .5 0

F I N A N C E 3 ---------------------------------------------------------

59

3 8 .5

8 5 .5 0

SER VIC ES

----------------------------------------------------------------

163

3 7 .5

6 4 .5 0

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

6 ,4 3 5

3 9 .0

11 7.50

B

OPERATORS,

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

5 6 .5 0

--------------------------------------

CLASS

CLERKS,

F IL E ,

CLASS

NO NM ANU FACTURING

A

T A B O L A T IN G -M A C H IN E
CLASS

C

--------------------------------------------------------------------------

3 9 .5

7 4 .5 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

165

3 9 .5

9 4 .5 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------

3 ,9 4 3

4 0 .0

4 C .0

9 2 .0 0

80

3 9 .5

1 0 3 .0 0

125

4 0 .0

8 5 .5 0

44 5

127.50

N C N M A N U FA C T U R IN G

435

3 9 .0

6 6 .5 0

NONM ANU FACTURING

----------------------------------------------

2 ,4 9 6

3 8 .0

1 0 1.00

U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------------------------

381

205

---------------------------------------------------

N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

m a n u f a c t u r i n g

S EC R E TAR IES

6C4

OPERATORS,

CLERKS,

F IL E ,

CLASS

8

------------------

-----------------------

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

OPERATORS,

38

3 9 .0

3 9 .0

1 1 3 .0 0

G E N E R A L --------------------------------------------------------------------------

--------------------

53

4 0 .0

7 4 .0 0

WHOLESALE

---------------------------------------

323

4 0 .0

11 3.50

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------

F I N A N C E 3 -------------------------------------------

257

3 9 .0

6 3 .5 0

RE T A IL

------------------------------------------------

241

4 0 .C

5 5 .5 0

53

3 8 .5

6 5 .0 0

F I N A N C E 3 --------------------------------------------------------------

646

3 8 .5

9 4 .0 0

W HOLESALE

S E R V I C E S ------------------------------------------------------------

9C5

3 6 .5

9 8 .5 0

P U B LIC

U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------

W HOLESALE

TRADE

S E R V I C E S -----------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table,




8 1 .0 0

P U B LIC

TRACE

TRADE

3 9 .0

7 9 .5 0

78

4 0 .0

9 7 .5 0

371

3 9 .0

7 6 .0 0

T R A D E ---------------------------------------

60

4 0 .0

7 5 .5 0

F I N A N C E 3 --------------------------------------------------------------

174

3 8 .5

7 3 .0 0

NONM ANU FACTURING

-------------------------------------------

11
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Detroit, Mich. , January 1965)
Average
Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

CFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Average

Average

CONTINUED

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U TI L I T I E S 2-------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------------FINANCE3 ------------------------------------------------------S ERV ICE S -----------------------------------------------------

1,733
1 , C83
65C
111
52
2 76
184

39.5
40.0
38.5
40.0
40.0
39.0
36.0

3,115
1,308
1 , 8C7
ISO
253
146
888
330

39.0
40.0
38.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
38.5
38.5

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

79.00
92.00
69.00
81.00
80.50
65.00
64.00
69.00

Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

Weekly
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

$
96.50
102.50
86.00
100.00
98.00
77.00
88.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------RETAIL TRAOE---------------------------------FINANCE3-------------------------------------------SE RV IC ES------------------------------------------

Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A4--------------------- ----------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

1,706
1,392
314

$
40.0 186.50
40.0 186.00
4C.0 189.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B4---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2-------------------------SER VICE S------------------------------------------

3 , C7C
2,356
714
64
616

4C.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

$
126.00
133.50
112.50
112.00
112.00

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS C 4-------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 2 -------------------------------S ERV ICE S ---------------------------------------------------CRAFTSMEN-TRACERS 4---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------SERV ICE S------------------------------------------

485
267
218
218

40.0
92.00
40.0 104.50
40.0
76.00
40.0
76.00

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

168.50
171.50
157.50
136.00
158.50

1,557
1,002
555
43
499

496
44 8

40.0
40.0

40.0
40.0
40.0
39.C
40.0

118.00
118.50

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
4 Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Detroit, Mich., January 1965)
Hourly earnings

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Mean2

Median

2

Number of workers rec eiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

1

Middle

Under
range 2 $
2.20

$
2 .2 0

$

$

$

8 64
658
206

3 .37
3.44
3.13

3.49
3.5 2
3 .0 4

64

3.25

ELEC TRIC IAN S , MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------

3,6 7 2
3,629

3.60
3.62
3.39

See footnotes at end of table.




243

$
2 .4C

S
2 .5C

*
2.60

$
2 . 70

$
2 . 80

$
2 . 90

3 .0 0

S
3 .10

3 .2 0

t
3 .30

3.4C

$
3 .50

$
3.6 0

$
3.7 0

S
3.80

$
3.9C

4.00

$
4 . 10

$
4.20

4.3C

2.4C

2.50

2 .6C

2.70

2 . 8C

2 . 9C

3 .0 0

3.1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .40

3 .50

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4.CC

4 .10

4 . 20

4.3 0

over

24
8

32

104
103

37
25

61

1 C4

24
24

1

1
_

1

12

3
2

70
34
34

378
366

6

58

16

l

$

$

$

and
under
2.30

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NCNMANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3--------------------------------

$
2 .30

$

and

$

3 .41

3 .1
3 .3
2 .7
3 .0

8
5
0
9

-

3.56
3.5 6
3 .45
3.4 6

3 .65
3.65

3 .5 4 3 .5 8 -

3.7 3
3 .7 2

3.2 0

2 .9 7 -

3.8 4

-

-

2

-

45

13

10

-

-

5

2

2

45

13

2
8

5

-

_

-

-

-

2
1
-

1

-

2
-

8

2

1

1

8
-

-

32
7

-

11

21
3

47
_

10
-

100
64

34 0
339

80
73

266
261

18

47

10

36

1

7

5

8

*

-

_

2

-

12

_
_

214
214

1615

736
730

263

4

6

94

16 19

2
4

357

1

_
_

_

3
_

12

3

12

l

_
_

6
6

_

_

-

-

64
61

3

12
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations— Continued
(A v erage straight-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, Detroit, M ich,, January 1965)

Occupation and industry division

of
w o r k e rs

Under
M ean2

M e d ia n 2

M i d d le r a n g e 2

S
S
S
$
S
$
$
$
2.30 2.4C 2.50 2 .60 2. 7C 2.80 2.90 3. 0 0

S
S
$
3.40 3.50 3.60

$

3.70

%

$

$

3.80 3.90

$

4.10

$
4.20 4.30

$

and
under

$
2 .2 0

and
2.4C 2.50

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY
MANUFACTURING-------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------S E R V I C E S ------------------------------

742
543
199
26
92

$
3.43
3.61
2.93
3.28
2.75

FIREMEN, STATIONARY B O I L E R --------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

714
637
77

3.35
3.40
2 .8 6

3.53
3.56
2.91

3 . 2 4 - 3.64
3 . 3 6 - 3.64
2 .6 8 - 3.08

8
-

6

9

18

-

8

18

8

6

l

*

HELPERS# MAINTENANCE TRAOES ------MANUFACTUR ING
NONMANUFACTURING-----------

523
429
94

2.72
2.78
2.48

2.65
2.83
2.53

2 . 4 7 - 2.96
2 . 4 8 - 2.97
2 . 2 5 - 2.79

11
11

4
4

140
132

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOGLRCQM
MANUFACTURING-------------------------

3,593
3,592

3.61
3.61

3.63
3.63

3 . 5 3 - 3.69
3 . 5 3 - 3.69

_

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTUR ING
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 ___

1,213
1,160

3.57
3.59

3.62
3.62

3.423.43-

3.69
3.69

52

3.25

2.99

2.95-

$

$

3.43
3.67
2.87
3.31
2 .6 8

3 . 1 3 - 3.75
3 . 3 4 - 3.77
2 . 6 5 - 3.28
3 .1 6 - 3.38
2 . 6 3 - 2.79

1
1
-

1
1
-

5
5
4

2.6C

2

.70 2 . 80 2.9C

o
o

2.30

3. 1 0

14
14
14

9
9
1
-

24
9
15
13

44
30
14
4
1

58
52
6
3
“

25
10
15
4
-

98
81
17
11
-

64
46
18
-

18
17
l
-

39
39
-

8
8

27
11
16

16
12
4

36
36
-

44
44

75
70
5

Ill
111
-

269
266
3

124
123
1

20
13
7

20
20
-

33
30
3

2
2

12
12

1

39
39

12
12

340
340

255
295

9
9

35
6

10
10

30
30

121
120

67
67

179
179

-

29

3.20 3.30 3.40

3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00

4.30

over

1
1
-

22
22
-

34
34
-

-

-

_
-

_

-

_

4. 10 4.20

$

24
24

7
7
4

3
3
2

63
63
47

12
12
~

40
34
6

3
5

12
12

76
74
2

13
13

1C
-

46
35

8

10

11

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

“

-

-

-

“

-

3.64

-

-

-

_

_

-

8

-

-

-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE i ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING--------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-----WHOLESALE T R A D E -------

1,552
636
366
61C
193

3.32
3.40
3.25
3.32
3.14

3.41
3.45
3.35
3.42
3.22

3 . 1 8 - 3.49
3 . 3 3 - 3.54
3 . 1 3 - 3.45
3 . 1 9 - 3.47
2 . 8 8 - 3.31

-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ---MANUFACTURING-------------NONMANUFACTURING

3.225
3,014
211

3.55
3.56
3.41

3.6 3
3.64
3.32

3.433.463.02-

3.72
3.72
3.84

~

-

MILLWRIGHTS
MANUFACTURING--------------

3,593
3,589

3.50
3.50

3.56
3.56

3 . 4 8 - 3.63
3 . 4 8 - 3.63

-

_

OILERS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------

670
864

2.90
2.91

2.92
2.92

2 . 8 4 - 2.97
2 . 8 4 - 2.97

-

-

1

PAIN TERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING------NONMANUFACTURING —
FINANCE4 -------------

695
518
177
80

3.29
3.41
2.93
2.74

3.43
3.47
2.98
2.67

3 .2 1 - 3.52
3 . 3 8 - 3.54
2 . 6 6 - 3.23
2 . 6 3 - 2.93

-

-

-

-

11
11
~

P IP E F IT T E R S , M AIN TEN ANCE----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------

2,148
2,078

3.52
3.51

3.56
3.55

3 . 5 1 - 3.62
3 . 5 0 - 3.61

-

PLUMBERS, MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------

11C
73

3.18
3.31

3.16
3.18

3 . 0 6 - 3.31
3 . 1 4 - 3.52

-

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -----------------------

477
453

3.54
3. 55

3.56
3.56

3 .5 2 - 3.60
3 . 5 2 - 3.60

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

TCCL ANC DIE MAKERS ------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------

5 »1 CS
5,106

3.76
3.76

3.80
3.80

3 . 7 3 - 3.85
3 . 7 3 - 3.85

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends,
2 For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Finance, insurance, and real estate.




$
$
$
3.10 3.20 3.30

o
o

$
2 .2 0

■t*

Number of workers rec eiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

H o u r ly e a rn in g s 1

12
12
-

1
1
1
~

1
1
1
“

20
20
-

9
9
9

72
1
71

5
5

_
~

6
6

25
24
1

4
4

54
40
14

_

-

-

_

_

_

“

_

-

-

holidays,

_

-

*
_

2

3
3

75
70

3

51

-

2

3

1

2

-

_

_

-

1

9
5
4
-

-

_

22
22

1

-

51
51

_

27e

278
3
-

3
2

“
_

14

_

-

2

2

-

_
-

-

-

273
273

9
9

13
13

_

_

99
99

_

-

15
12
3

5 75 1518
575 1518

506
506

63
62

438
416

147
147

-

22

-

-

_

“

-

_

_

-

15
15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

64
52
12

135
123
12

28C
280
-

277
277
-

998
997
1

737
734
3

218
127
91

-

6

-

_
-

197
197

74
74

191
191

422 1263 1345
422 1259 1345

1
1

_

_

_

_

3
3

42
42

8
8

9

99
54
45

39
39
-

175
172
3

2C6
2 C6
-

_

6

-

2

2
-

-

-

-

2
-

4

2

-

-

-

?

-

176
176

56
51

77
77

15C 1040
150 l C38

486
485

75
75

60
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

4
4

3
3

45
41

8
4

2

2

_

_

-

2

1
-

7
4

4
3
106
106

66

102
96
6

253
219
34

89
89

11
11

369
369

69
69

54
34
20
20

24
4
20
4

7
2

3
3

16
16

7

5
3

2

12
12

and late shifts.

3
1

67
28

61
39
22

-

7
7
-

8
8
-

59

_

5
5

44
9
35
35
-

93
12
81
22

-

2 2

2 74
248
26
14
7

219
105
114
102
4

_

-

-

-

27

490
165
325
311
14

82
82
37
24

48

-

2
-

-

10

12
2
10
10

*

1

175
172
3
3

215
116
99

-

_

6

*

-

_

_

_

-

_
-

23
23

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

52
33

3C8
3C8

105
105

_

-

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

~

-

66

229
229

373 1836 2 394
3 73 1835 2394

80
80

-

-

-

13
13

13

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e ra g e straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry division, Detroit, Mich. , January 1965)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 2

$
1 .00

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n
workers

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

$
1.10

$
1 .2 0

$
$
S
1. 3C 1.4C 1.50

$
$
$
$
1.60 1.70 1. 80 1.90 2 . 0 0

$
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

$
$
$
$
$
2.30 2.4C 2.50 2.60 2.70

$
2.8C

I
3.00

$
3.20

$
$
3.40 3.60

1.20

1.30

1.4C

1.50

1.60 l . 70 1. 80 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0

2 .2 0

2.30

2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2 . 8 C 3.00

3.20

3.40

3.60 over

~

10

1

19

1

2

2

18

5

“

“

59
59
53

34
34
24

24
24
17

4C
40
36

277
277
7

19
19
10

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

1
1

15
15

157
157

242
242

687
687

136
136

43
43

28
8
20

23
23

37
18
19

19
4
15

4

%

and
under
1 . 10

ELEVATOR OPERATORS, PASSENGER ----

64

$
1.77

$
1.78

$
$
1 . 5 3 - 1.98

“

ELEVATOR OPERATORS, PASSENGER
I
WOMEN)----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------RETA IL T R A D E -----------------------

461
461
14 7

1.45
1.45
1.31

1.53
1.53
1.29

1.391 .3 9 1.17-

1.57
1.57
1.45

-

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------NONMANUFACTUR(NG --------------------

3,931
2,176
1,755

2.42
2.98
1.74

2.74
3.07
1.57

1 .5 8 2.911 .5 0 -

3.10
3.14
1.82

2 , C67

3.00

3.08

2.95-

and

3.14

-

153
2
151

2

4

~

“

~

_
-

7
7

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

29
8
21

21
14
7

145
74
71

172
140
32

145
110
35

377 1476
314 1459
17
63

25
25
“

1

14

74

88

no

314 1453

-

52

-

259
248
11
6
2
3
-

_

“
_

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

9

-

-

6

16

-

-

58
39
19
1
-

_
-

_
-

-

guarcs:

MANUFACTURING------------------------w atch m en :

MANUFACTURING -----

1C5

2.61

2.64

2 . 2 0 - 2.69

-

-

2

8

18

-

7

-

J A M T C R S , PORTERS, ANC CLEANERS --MANUFACTURING NCNMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------WHOLESALE T R A D E ----------------RETA IL TRAOE ---------------------FINANCE5-----------------------------S E R V I C E S --------------------------------

10,171
7, C11
3 , 16C
441
140
867
615
1,093

2.37
2.63
1.81
2.33
2.17
1.64
1.76
1.72

2 .6 2
2 .6 6
1.75
2.36
2. 19
1.62
1.71
1.75

2 . 022.611 .6 0 2.211 .7 0 1 .3 3 1 .6 3 1 .5 9 -

2.6 8
2.70
2.03
2.63
2.63
1.93
1.90
1.84

30
30
30
~

85
85
82
3

113
113
92
21

177
5
172
45
8
119

115
115
6C
6
49

263
1
262
7
92
74
89

497
56
441
28
146
212
55

709
17
692
58
20
63
101
45 C

298
103
195
10
26
62
97

218
218
9
59
101
49

163
17
146
5
5
24
25
87

183
44
139
23
12
73
1
30

535
362
173
105
7
41
5
15

191
124
67
20
1
22
18
6

167
141
46
40
6
“

JA M T C R S , PORTERS, ANC CLEANERS
(WOMEN) ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING ----------------------R ETAIL T R A D E -----FINANCE5-----------------------S E R V I C E S -----------------------

2,213
340
1,673
208
722
880

1.68
2.32
1.56
i .4 1
1.53
1.58

1.58
2.48
1.55
1.36
1.54
1.62

1 .4 7 - 1.75
1 . 7 9 - 2.64
1 .4 2 - 1.67
1 .3 2 - 1.49
1 .5 1 - 1.58
1 .3 9 - 1.72

36
36

604
604
9
566
29

281
12
269
22
15
232

306
84
222
11
7
194

37
-

29
18
11

33
31
2

11
11

26
14
12

16

37
1
18
18

14
3
11

-

209
209
9
74
126

23
7

-

237
237
124
24
89

-

-

13
13
13

10,283
6,841
3,442
1,554
56C
884

2.67
2.71
2.59
3.01
2.40
2.1 1

2.75
2.76
2.69
3.17
2.29
2.32

2 . 5 7 - 2.85
2 . 7 1 - 2.82
2 . 2 5 - 3.15
2 . 7 5 - 3.24
2 . 2 0 - 2.84
1 . 6 4 - 2.59

40

98

77

51

111
10
1C1

83
31
52

43
27
16

-

-

-

ORDER
FILLER S
MANUFACTURING---------NCNMANUFACTUR I N G -----WHOLESALE TRADE ---RETA IL TRAOE ---------

2,538
l , C44
1,854
1,485
32C

2.69
2.77
2.64
2.63
2.65

2.75
2.82
2.72
2.65
2.76

2.462.642.422.402.70-

PACKERS, S H IP P IN G -------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ----------------------

1,554
1, C89

2.69
2.73

2.77
2.78

2 . 7 1 - 2.88
2 . 7 2 - 2.92

_

_

_

"

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING IW O M EN )-------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

571
364

2.36
2.59

2.45
2.72

2.242.47-

2.74
2.76

_

2C

RECEIVING CLERKS ---------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL T R A D E --------------------

705
460
245
82
128

2.77
2.91
2.50
2.60
2.49

2.91
2.94
2.56
2.63
2.51

2 . 6 5 - 2.97
2 . 3 8 - 2.98
2 . 3 4 - 2.76
2 . 3 5 - 3.11
2 . 3 5 - 2.77

-

-

-

-

-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING MANUFACTURING-----------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------R ETA IL T R A D E -----------------

See footnotes at end of table.




2.93
2.94
2.89
2.87
2.90

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

36

-

131
131
12
16
10 3

-

49

49

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

49

49

40

-

-

-

27

40

77
42
35

51
-

49

98
48
49

51

16
85

2
31

16

1
11

126
34

-

-

-

_

_

2

6

1C

10

4

11

21

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

6

10

10

4

11
10

-

-

-

2

~

-

23

-

2
9

1

2

102
90
12

345
185
160

516
232
284

-

6

10

10

4

i

_

l
-

20
-

31
-

l
~

1
-

35

_

_

_

15
15

_

2

11

_

13

8

68
68

4

8

7

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

-

2

11
5
5

-

13
7

-

13

-

2

-

?

6

~

77
47
30

-

392
218
174
25
4C
ICS

621
181
440
333

274
10

197
118
79
56
21

352
67
285
282
3

7C
3
67
53
14

4C6
90
316
3C1
15

65
6
59
40
1

28
-

2

98
57

130

-

21
15
5

_

3

-

452 4086 1552
415 3900 1539
37
186
13
25
136
3
46
11
1
9
4
1
~

22
22

3

42
1
41
18
23

-

13
10
3

-

-

-

3

3

3

3
3

“

96
95
1

-

47
22
25

-

*

-

18

-

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

-

25

448 3619 2322
405 3375 1859
43
244
46 3
17
145
28
52
298
1
25
164
20

434
103
331
327
4
*

686
7
679
679

312
213
99
96
3

427
111
316
178
138

901
539
362
257
39

326

15
15

326
257
69

31
22

32
32

616
476

522
354

95
80

80
80

24
24

_

215
215

8
8

_

23

28
4
24

58
22
36
21
3

52
28
24

350
325
25
4
21

-

23

6
17

-

107

-

24

-

13

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

~

-

-

87
65
22
20
2

5
1
4

1

-

-

4

-

-

4
4

1
1

-

14
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v erage straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a re a basis
by industry division, Detroit, M ic h ., January 1965)
Hourly earnings 2
Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—
$

$

$

$

$

$

$

S

$

$

$

$

S

I

1.00
Mean3

Median3

1.10

1.20

1.3C 1.4C 1.50

1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .0 0 2.10 2.20

10

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t ry d iv is io n

1. 20

1.30

1.4C

1.5C

1.60

1.7C 1.8C 1
..90 2 . 00 2 . 1 0

~

-

-

-

-

~

-

$

2.30

s

$

2.4C

695
587
108
75

$
2.92
2.95
2.74
2.76

$
2.95
2.96
2.75
2 .6 6

$
$
2 . 9 0 - 3.03
2 . 9 1 - 3.02
2 . 4 7 - 3.12
2 . 4 7 - 3.14

SHIPPING ANC RECEIVING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------

1,729
1,358
371
197

2.82
2.83
2.78
2.74

2.61
2.82
2.81
2.74

2 . 7 4 - 2.89
2 . 7 5 - 2.88
2 . 5 2 - 3.02
2 . 3 0 - 2.98

-

~

4
4
~

“

“

~

-

TRUCKER1VERS6
MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------PUBLIC U TIL ITI ES 4---------------WHOLESALE TRADE-----------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------

7,103
2,352
4,751
2,425
1,548
5C8

3.10
3.09
3.11
3.23
3.02
2.97

3.17
3.12
3.23
3.33
3.15
3.15

2 . 9 6 - 3.33
2 . 9 5 - 3.19
2 . 9 7 - 3.34
3 . 3 0 - 3.37
2 . 7 6 - 3.24
3 . 1 0 - 3.20

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

"

"

4
4
4

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT IUN0ER
1-1/2 TONS) --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

257
107
150

2.48
2.63
2.36

2.62
2.69
2.35

2 . 2 0 - 2.83
2 . 2 8 - 2.85
1 .9 2 - 2.7C

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

'

"

*

"

'

TRUCKCR IVERS* MEDIUM (1 -1 / 2 TO
AN0 INCLUDING 4 TCNSI ------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE--------------------------RETAIL TRACE ---------------------------------

1,446
639
807
370
60

3.10
3.20
3.01
2.82
2.69

3.30
3.35
2.98
2.76
2.83

2 . 7 8 - 3.38
2 . 9 5 - 3.43
2 . 7 6 - 3.34
2 . 7 3 - 2.79
2 . 7 3 - 3.11

_
-

_
-

4
4

_
-

"

'

-

_

TRUCKCRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER T Y P E ) ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 4------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------RETAIL TRADE---------------------------------

3,628
644
2,984
1,761
1 ,C39
154

3.17
3.10
3.18
3.25
3.08
3.17

3.25
3.13
3.30
3.34
3.19
3.24

3.113.043.133.313.1C3.21-

3.34
3.18
3.35
3.37
3.25
3.28

TRUCKCRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TOhSi
OTHER THAN TRAILER T Y P E ) ------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

226
188

3.21
3.26

3.31
3.32

3.143 .1 6 -

6,458
6 *CG4
454
56
298
10C

2.80
2.80
2.81
2 .8 6
2.79
2.81

2.81
2.81
2.84
2.80
2.87
2.77

2 . 7 4 - 2.87
2 . 7 4 - 2.87
2 . 6 1 - 3.03
2 . 5 6 - 3.22
2 . 7 1 - 3.02
2 . 6 1 - 3.04

4

-

-

2
2

-

-

2 .2 0

2.30

2
2

2
?

2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80

l
1

~

39
10
29
27

28
28
-

1
2
3
4
5
6

2.85
2.93

2.84
2 .8 6

-

-

“

$

374
358
16
-

153
117
36
31

44
44
-

568
500
68
45

741
659
82
27

160
87
73
28

2 . 6 9 - 2.89
2 . 8 3 - 2.90

-

34
15
19
7

4
4
3

10
2
8
8

381 1233 1947 2745
54
584 1076
216
327
871 2529
649
3 541
21 1830
306
427
45
574
15
36
267
125

288
282
6
6
-

9
9
-

51
51
51

17
17
-

29
7
22
22

30
24
6
6

66
47
19

44
44
16
28

5
5
2

22
22
—
13

10
10
2
~

17
17
l
-

70
10
60
2
54
~

26
14
12
1
-

~

46
32
14
8

57
41
16
5
10

196
43
153
13
126
-

5
5

9
9

8
8

11
11

43
32
11

l
1

3
3

10
10

49
24
25

8
8
~

57
43
14

22
22

.
-

-

-

10
10
-

14
14
-

35
29
6

15
13
2

~

2

~

182
113
69
1
18

97
41
56
32
16

498
168
230
31
“

243
243

~

332
8
324
306
15

12
12
-

132
6
126
126
-

18
15
3
-

502
98
4C4
345
28
16

789 2040
441
33
348 2007
15 1395
328
487
5
125

45
39
6
6

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

5
5

2
2

~

“

"

"

_

5

~

_

-

_

8

_

-

-

10
10
-

_
-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

*

_

_

-

4
4
4

'

_

_

5
5
-

-

_
-

-

3.60 over

5
5
-

28
28

~

3.20 3.40

-

3
3

_

3.00

26
23
3
-

_

_

16
16
16
“

-

8
8

-

6
6
-

3
3
-

-

57
57
54
“

_
-

-

-

2
2
2
~

—

_
—
-

_

_

2

1
1
1
_

-

102
102
-

-

_

79
18
61
60
1

1C5
90
15
15

339
310
29
22
7

_

_

57

.
-

-

-

-

9
9
-

”

_

-

5
3

65
65

135
120

-

-

-

-

139 2042 3401
123 1958 3307
16
84
94
5
1
12
62
82
15
17
~

227
95
132
88
44

16

_

-

-

16
16
-

-

1
1
-

21

D a t a lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p ay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e footnote 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
In c lu d e s a l l d r i v e r s r e g a r d l e s s o f s iz e and type o f tr u c k o p e ra t e d .




I

2.70
3.20 3.40 3.6C

“

_
-

"
492
331

i

19
2
17
17

3.35
3.36

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FO RK LIF T) ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------

i

2.60
2.8C 3.00

Middle range3

S U P P I N G CLERKS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------

TRUCKERS. POWER (FORKLIFT)
MANUFACIUR ING
NQNMANUFACTURING ■
PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 4-----------WHOLESALE TRADE-------------RETAIL TRAOE--------------------

1

$

2.50

70
3

24
23

267
251

29
11

_

_

43
43

.
-

15
B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b li s h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m i n im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , D e t r o i t , M ic h . , J a n u a r y 1965)

Inex p erien ced ty p is ts
M anufacturing
M inim um w ee k ly s tra ig h t-tim e s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u s trie s

O ther in ex p erien c ed c le r i c a l w o rk e rs 2

Nonma nuf ac tu r i ng

M anufacturing

B ased on sta n d ard w ee k ly hours 3 of—
A ll
sch edules

A ll
sch edules

40

37 V2

A ll
in d u s trie s
A ll
sch edules

40

N onm anufacturing

B ased on sta n d ard w ee k ly h o u rs 3 ofA ll
sch edules

40

37V 2

40

E sta b lish m en ts stu d ied -------------------------------------------------------

273

91

XXX

182

XXX

XXX

273

91

XXX

182

XXX

XXX

E s tab lish m en ts having a sp e cified m in im u m ----------------------

124

43

37

81

11

56

137

43

37

94

12

67

under $ 4 7 .5 0 _______________________________
u n der $ 50. 0 0 ------------------------------------------- u n der $ 52. 5 0 ------------------------------------------- _
un der $ 5 5 .0 0 ----------------------------------------------un der $ 57. 5 0 _______________________________
under $ 60. 0 0 ---------------------------------- ---------un der $ 62. 5 0 _______________________________
un der $ 65. 0 0 ----------------------------------------------un der $ 67. 5 0 ----------------------------------------------u n der $ 7 0 .0 0 _______________________________
un der $ 72. 50_______________________________
u n der $ 75. 0 0 ----------------------------------------------u n der $ 7 7 . 5 0 _____________________________ un der $ 80. 0 0 _______________________________
un d er $ 82. 50 _______________________________
un d er $ 85. 0 0 _______________________________
u n der $ 87. 5 0 ...........................................................
un der $ 9 0 .0 0 ----------------------------------------------under $ 9 2 .5 0 _______________________________
o v e r --------------------------------------------------------- -

2
4
14
4
12
12
9
14
8
9
12
4
4
1
1
5
2
4
1
2

_
_
1
2
1
11
6
4
6
1
3
1
2
1

_
_
1
2
9
6
3
5
1
3
1

2
4
14
4
11
10
8
3
2
5
6
3
1
1
3
1
1
1
1

_
1
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
-

2
1
12
3
6
7
6
1
2
2
5
2
1

_
1
3
3
10
4
7
5

-

1
2
1
1
1

4
5
27
6
6
10
6
5
6
4
5
4
1
2

4
2
18
4
3
7
5
3
6
1
4
4
1

-

_
1
3
2
8
4
6
4
2
1
1
2
1
2
-

_
1
3
1
3
1
1
2
_
_

-

4
5
27
7
6
13
9
15
10
11
10
4
3
1
3
2
2
3
2

E s tab lish m en ts having no sp e cified m in im u m --------------------

59

19

XXX

40

XXX

XXX

74

27

E s tab lish m en ts w hich did not em ploy w o rk e rs
in th is c a te g o ry -----------------------------------------------------------------

90

29

XXX

61

XXX

XXX

62

21

$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 47. 50
$ 50. 00
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 57. 50
$ 60. 00
$ 62. 50
$ 65. 00
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 70. 00
$ 72 . 50
$ 7 5 . 00
$ 77. 50
$ 80. 00
$ 82. 50
$ 85. 00
$ 8 7 .5 0
$ 9 0 .0 0
$ 92 . 50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

3

1

-

2
1
3
-

-

_
-

-

-

2
1
1
2
1
2
1

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n im u m s t a r t i n g ( h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th at a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .




-

-

-

2

-

-

-

1
1
1

_
-

1
1
1

XXX

47

XXX

XXX

XXX

41

XXX

XXX

-

16




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(S h ift d iff e r e n tia ls o f m a n u fa c tu rin g p lan t w o r k e r s by typ e and am ount o f d iffe r e n tia l,
D e tro it, M ic h ., J a n u a ry 1965)
P e rc e n t o f m a n u fa c tu rin g p lan t w o r k e r s —
S h ift d iffe re n tia l

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h aving fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

A c tu a lly w o rk in g on—

Second s h ift
w o rk

T h ird o r o th e r
s h ift w o rk

Secon d s h ift

T o ta l--------------------------------------------------------------------

9 9 .6

97. 8

26 . 5

7 .4

W ith sh ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l----------------------------------

99. 6

97. 8

26 . 5

7 .4

U n ifo rm c e n ts (p e r h o u r ) ------------------------------

32 . 8

32. 2

8. 5

3. 0

5 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------6 c e n ts
___
7 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------______
- 7 V2
8 rp n ts
- 9 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------10 c e n ts ----------------------------------------------------11 c e n ts ----------------------------------------------------12 c e n ts ---------------------

3. 6
1. 0
2. 2
.2
9. 1
1. 0
1. 6
6. 0
1. 2
2. 0
_

15 c e n ts ----------------------------------------------------16 c e n ts and o v e r -------------------------------------

1. 2
3. 6
. 1

U n ifo rm p e r c e n ta g e ---------------------------------------

65. 1

5 p e r c e n t --------------------------------------------------7 V2 p e r c e n t ----------------------------------------------10 p e rc e n t-------------------------------------------------15 p e rc e n t--------------------------------------------------

62 . 9
2. 2
"

O th er fo r m a l p a y d iff e r e n tia l------------------------

1. 8

13 c e n ts -----------------------------------------------------

_

-

.
.
.
1.
1.
6.

5
8
3
0
7
7

-

8.
.
.
1.
4.
5.

7
7
2
5
6
6

T h ird o r o th e r
s h ift

.6
.2
.6

_

2. 6
.2
.4
1. 5
.3
.5

_

-

(1 )
2
.2
(2 )
.2
. 1
.6
-

.4
1. 2
(2 )

.9
(2 )
H
.4
.2
.3

17 . 3

4 .4

1. 3
62 . 0
.2

1 6 .9
.4
“

. 1
4. 3
(2 )

2. 1

.8

.1

63 . 5
-

_

-

-

W ith no sh ift pay d i f f e r e n t i a l-----------------------------

1 Inclu des e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e ra tin g la te s h ifts , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e rin g
e v e n though th e y w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e ra tin g la te s h ifts .
2 L e s s th an 0. 05 p e rc e n t.

la te

s h ifts

17

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly H ours
(P e rc e n t d istrib u tio n of o ffice and plant w o rk e rs in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s by scheduled w e e k ly h o u rs
of f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , D e tro it, M ich., Ja n u a ry 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS
W e e k ly h o u rs

A l l w o r k e r s ___________________________________________

U n d e r 35 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------35 h o u r s _ ---------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 35 a n d u n d e r 3 7 V2 h o u r s ----------------------------3 7 V2 h o u r s __ _________________________________________
O v e r 3 7 V2 a n d u n d e r 40 h o u r s ----------------------------40 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 8 h o u r s _______________________
4 8 h o u r s ________________________________________________
O v e r 48 h o u r s ------ ------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

2
3

-

1

2

-

9

3
1

29
( 4)

4
2

All
industries

3
83
1

-

95

70

1

-

-

93
-

(4)

T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m u nication, and o th e r public u tilitie s .
F in an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
Includes data fo r r e a l e sta te in ad ditio n to those in d u s try d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e rcen t.




Finance 1
2
3

Services

100

100

3

2

22

-

16

-

3

12
11

90
3

-

58
-

All 3
industries

100

Manufacturing

Public 1
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

(4 )
( 4)

-

38

1
1

1
1

(4)
92

94

92

5

37

89

3

8

5

-

1
1

96
4

-

-

(4)

2

Services

100

6

( 4)
1
3

1

(4)
1
1
77
1
3
12

18

Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of o ffice and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s b y n u m ber of paid h o lid ay s
p ro v id e d annually, D e tro it, M ic h ., J an u ary 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS
It e m

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 1
2
3

Services

All
3
industries

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id h o l i d a y s __________________________ ______________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
no p a id h o l i d a y s . --------------------------------------------------------

All
industries

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

99

100

100

100

99

1

(4)

■

-

-

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

100

99

85

"

-

1

15

-

-

7
14
-

24
3
4
38
17
15
-

-

1

(4 )

18
7
1

Manufacturing

Public 1
utilities

(4 )

N u m b e r of d ay s

6 h a l f h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________
1 h o l i d a y ________ ________________________________________
2 h o l i d a y s ___ _ _
_____
______ ___
_____
______
____
3 h o lid a y s
4 h o l i d a y s __________________
__________ _
4 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y ___ _____
5 h o l i d a y s _________ _
6 h o lid a y s .
_
_ __
6 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y _____________________________
6 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s ____________________________
6 h o l i d a y s p lu s 3 h a l f d a y s ____________________
___
7 h o l i d a y s ____ ____________________ _________ ___________
7 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y _______________ ______
7 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s _____
_ __ _ ___
8 h o l i d a y s _____ __________________________________
8 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s . _________________________
9 h o l i d a y s _________________________________________________
9 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s --------------------------------------10 h o l i d a y s __________ __________ ________________________
_____________________
12 h o l i d a y s — _ __________________

_

_

_

_

_

-

4

43
15
9

-

-

-

2
4
18
55
-

11
2
4
41
21
20
-

16
7
8
2

-

-

"

~

"

0

(4)
17
2
7
1
8
3
1
6
11
43

(4 )
(4 )
(4)

(4 )
11
5
-

(4)
77
11
12

.

(4 )
5
3
65
1
1

(4 )
82
3
3
8
-

4
-

0

n
(4 )
1
c>
0

(4 )
22
11
(4 )
10
1
1
7
12
32
(4 )

9
-

2
6
17
45
-

-

“

10
-

2
2
4
76
_
-

10

8

58
-

-

1
8
8
3
62
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

13
6
2
1

7
_
-

(4 )

-

"

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

T o t a l h o lid a y tim e 5

12 d a y s __
-----------....
10 d a y s o r m o r e ______________
9 d a y s o r m o r e . __ __________________________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e ___ __ ________________
___ ________
7 1/2 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________ _________
7 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________________
6 1/2 d a y s o r m o r e _____ ______________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________________
5 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________________
4 V 2 days o r m o re
___ _
__ ________________
4 d a y s o r m o r e ___
______
_____ _________________
3 d a y s o r m o r e ____
_________________
__ ___________
2 d a y s o r m o r e ___ __ __
______________ _______
1 d a y o r m o r e _____
_ _____ _____________________

( 4)
(4 )
55
62
65
81
83
99
99
99
99
99
99
99

_

_

„

.

-

-

73
80
80
95
96
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

2
17
33
33
57
57
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

20
45
88
88
99
99
99
99
99
99
99

-

12
23
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

1
2
66
69
75
75
82
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

1 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
2 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
3 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0.5 p e r c e n t .
5 A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a l f d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t i o n
n o h a l f d a y s , 6 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a l f d a y s , 5 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a l f d a y s , a n d s o on.
P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e th e n c u m u la t e d .




_
4
4
15
17
99
99
99
99
99
99
99

of w o rk e rs

(4 )
45
53
54
75
75
97
97
98
98
99
99
99

re c e iv in g

_
_

61

15
35
76
76
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

69
69
92
92
99
99
99
99
99
99
99

a to ta l

of

7 days

1
9
22
22
42
42
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

in c lu d e s

7
7
15
15

(4 )
(4 )
3
3
65
68
76
84
84

91
91
91
91
96
96

85
85

99

th ose

w it h

7 fu ll

days

an d

19
Table B-5. Paid V acations1
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by vacatio n pay
p r o v is io n s , D e tro it, M ic h ., Jan u ary 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a tio n p o lic y

A ll w o rk e rs

_

_

PLANT WORKERS

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance3

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
( 5)
_

100
100
-

100
100
_

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
99
1
_

99
92
7

100
90
10
_

100
99
( 5)
_

-

-

-

-

(5)

( 5)

-

46
(5)

33
14
_

1
44
20
_

1
77
5
4

3
42
14
13

5
10
1
_

7
4
1
_

-

-

(5)

-

-

(5)

-

( 5)
89
7
3
_
1

AH ,
industries4

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities *

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100
97
3
_

100
99
1
_
_

94
92

M ethod of paym ent
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s .
L e n g t h -o f-t im e p a y m e n t ________________________
P e rc e n ta g e paym ent______________________________
F la t -s u m p a y m e n t________________________________
Othe r ________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in estab lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid v a c a tio n s____________________________________

99
99
(5)
(5)

-

1
53
27
1

1
51
41

’

(5)

( 5)
1
_

-

-

-

6

_

3
14
_
_

1
34
4
_

4
5
1
_

-

(5)

-

Am ount o f vacation pay 6
A ft e r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
2 w e e k s __________ ____________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eek s

_

(5)

( 5)

40
_
_
-

A fte r 1 y e a r of s e rv ic e
Under 1 w eek
_
_ _
1 w e e k ______ ___ __________________________ ________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eek s
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s __
___

_

_

_

_

_

_

(5)
95
-

57
_
43
-

20
80
_

34
16
50

2
_
98
_

19
_
78
3

( 5)

-

-

-

-

(5)
83
8
8
(5)
1

2
(5)
98
_

6
16
78
_

_
_
100
_

(5)

-

-

6
_
85
9
-

68
5
25
1
1

( 5)

( 5)
32
48
20

100
-

_
86
7
6

2
-

59
29
12

89
9
( 5)

12
1
87
(5 )
(5 )

2
2
95
( 5)
(5)

4

_

_
71
_

_

29
_
-

80
7
11
1
1

36
_
64
_

41
1
58
_

-

3
69
25
3
1

_
100
-

3
12
84
-

-

-

1
90
9
( 5)

2
50
44
3
1

2
68
26
3
1

_

3
12
84
-

89
2

69
9

87
4

90
5

9

23

8

4

1

.

81
2
10
_

-

3
50
43
2
1

_
62
20
18
(5)

-

-

(5)

69
_
31
_

1

-

A fte r 2 y e a rs o f s e rv ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s
_
_ _ _
3 w e e k s ___________________________________ „ ________

5
-

95
-

7
93
( 5)

-

29
_
70
( 5)

65
_
26
2
-

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________ ______
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _ _______________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s
__
_ _
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

(5)
99
(5)

_
100
-

(5)
99
(5)

21
1
70
2
-

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _
__
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w eek s ____________________________________________ _

(5)

(5)

59
29
12

32
48
20

52
1
47

( 5)
70

_
_
100
-

-

_
-

_
-

86
7
6

100

67
-

65

(5 )

-

100
-

-

100
-

72
5

( 5)

-

100
-

_
_
100

10
5
76
2
-

A fte r 5 y e a r s of se rv ic e
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________
_____________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________

30

98
2

33

(5)
35

( 5)

22

68
( 5)
32

86
2
5

'
See footnotes at end of tab le.




20

Table B-5. Paid V acations1 Continued
—
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by vacation pay
p ro v is io n s , D e tro it, M ic h ., J an u ary 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a tio n p o lic y

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

W
holesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance3

Services

All 4
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

A m ount o f v a catio n pay 6— Continued
A ft e r 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
2 w eek s —
_
_
_
__
_ _ ----------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s __
—
3 w e e k s ----- -------- O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w eek s __ —
4 w e e k s ----— — ----_
-------O v e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

5
5
22
48
19
( 5)

31
69
-

4
5
23
48
19
( 5)

26
74
-

4

( 5)

( 5)
52
1
43
( 5)

31
( 5)
68
( 5)

4
95
-

11
4
43
28
14
( 5)

-

28
45
7
19
"

8
( 5)
69
22

14
1
85
-

25
9
58
8

13
55
26
2
5

6
74
15
2
1

38
62
-

28
13
48
11

-

-

-

-

-

10
55
29
2
5
-

6
74
16
2
1
-

21
77
2
-

-

23
3
66
8
-

-

19
13
58
11
-

( 5)
65
23
-

"

13
( 5)
63
23

74
2
17
-

11

55
5
34
-

( 5)

A ft e r 12 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w eek s — -----3 weeks
— —
—
------ _
-------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------4 w eek s —
—
----_ _ _ _ _ _ — -----O ver 4 w eeks— — —
—
- — —
—
-----

10
3
44
28
14
( 5)

-

-

21
52
7
19
-

( 5)
72
22
-

5

14
1
83
2

14
60
27
-

5
73
22
-

8
89
3
( 5)
-

23
3
59
16
-

6
2
84
1
6
-

3
3
90
1
3
-

3
95
2
-

14
5
70
11
-

7
70
23
-

50
2
41
-

14

5
58

8
77

23
3
47

6
2
70
3
18
1

3
2
82
4
9
1

3
33

14
5
46
28
6

7
41
52
-

49
2
39
_
3
-

6
2
61
1
29
2

3
2
75
2
17
2

3
6
92

14
5
32
38
11

7
23
70

46
2
42
4

-

-

6
2
61
1
29
2

3
2
75
2
17
2

3
6
-

14
5
32
38
11

7
23
70

46
2
42
4

-

-

-

( 5)

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w e e k s ----—
--------- ----— —
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s —
_ — - —
3 w e e k s ----- —
_
— — -----O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------4 w e e k s ------—
- O v e r 4 w e e k s ---------—
------

( 5)

( 5)

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w e e k s ----- ------ —
—
— -----O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w eek s _ _ _
- ------ -------------— O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w eek s - _ -----4 weeks
_ _ _ _ _ _
O v e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------

4

4

( 5)

( 5)
35
1
58
1

-

-

-

21
1
77
1

30

35

-

-

-

-

-

65
-

38
13

37
-

15
1

27
-

4
3
93

14
27
46
13

5
16
79
"

8
38
52
2

22
3
39
36

14
27
46
13

5
16
79
~

8
29
-

22
3
39
36

-

65
-

A ft e r 25 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
2 w e e k s ----- __ —
-------- ----- —
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -----3 w e e k s ----- - -----_
------ —
—
— O v e r 3 and u n der 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------—
_ _ _ _ _
O v e r 4 w e e k s — ----- —
—

4

( 5)

( 5)
21
1
73
1

17
1
81
1

-

-

-

A ft e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w e e k s ----— — — —
---------------— O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s —
-----------_ -------—
— — — -------- — —
3 w e e k s ---------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------4 w eek s
—
.--.—..i___ . ____ ______
O v e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

4

4

( 5)

( 5)
19
1
75
1

-

-

17
1
81

3
92

1

( 5)

-

61

2

91
1

1
Includes basic plans only. Excludes plans such as vacation-savings and those plans which offer ’’extended" or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic plans to workers with qualifying lengths
of service. Typical of such exclusions are plans in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.
2
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3
Finance, insurance, and re a l estate.
4
Includes data for rea l estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5
L e ss than 0. 5 percent.
6
Includes payments other than "length of time, " such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-su m payments, converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent
of annual earnings was considered as 1 w eek's pay. Periods of service w ere a rb itra rily chosen and do not n ecessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions. F or example, the changes
in proportions indicated at 10 y e a rs ' service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion receiving 3 weeks' pay or more
after 5 years includes those who receive 3 w eeks' pay or m ore after few er years of service.




21

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t of offic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s em ployed in esta b lish m e n ts pro vid in g
health, in su ra n c e , o r pension b e n e fits, 1 D e tro it, M ic h ,, January 1965)
O FF IC E WORKERS

Type of benefit

P L A N T W OR KER S

Manufacturing

Public >
utilities ^

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 14
3
2

100

100

100

100

100

L ife in s u r a n c e ___________________________________
A c c id e n ta l death and d ism e m b e rm e n t
in su ra n c e _______________________________________
S ick n ess and acciden t in su ra n c e o r
sick le a v e o r both 5____________________________

97

99

97

87

65

75

40

55

89

96

84

S ic k n e ss and acciden t in su ra n c e _________
Sick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aitin g p e r io d )------------------------------------------Sick le a v e (p a r t ia l pay o r
w aitin g p e r io d )______________________________

64

94

10

60

69

52

55

20

18

H o sp ita liz a tio n in su ra n c e _____________________
S u r g ic a l in su ra n c e ______________________________
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e _______________________________
C a ta stro p h e in su ran ce -----------------------------------R e tire m e n t p e n s io n ----------------------------------------N o h ealth, in su ra n c e , o r pension p l a n -------

96
96
92
66
88
1

99
99
98
68
97

A ll w o rk ers

------------------ ------ ----------

----------------------------

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

90

98

99

97

81

95

87

39

67

71

53

69

56

58

82

66

95

99

83

84

88

76

12

31

86

98

26

75

56

73

52

49

7

3

32

29

15

13

Services

All
.
industries

100

100

94

97

58

59

80

85

57

46
20

W o r k e r s in estab lish m e n ts p ro vid in g:

( 6)

28
lO o

100
96
81
73

21

37

22

-

7

92
91
70
43
58
5

77
77
65
39
73
1

97
97
91
73
90
( 6)

77
77
7.5
50
55
3

97
97
85
10
87
1

( 6)
99
99
90
4
97

31

8

33

-

100
100
93
68
81

96
96
54
37
75
3

87
87
67
17
63
3

87
87
60
13
11
7

1 Includes those plans fo r w hich at le a st a p art of the cost is b o rn e by the e m p lo y e r, except those le g a lly re q u ire d , such as w o rk m e n 's com pen sation , s o c ia l se c u rity , and r a ilr o a d re tire m e n t.
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s.
3 F in a n c e , in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate.
4 In clu des data fo r r e a l estate in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
5 Unduplicated total of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g sick le a v e o r sic k n e ss and acciden t in su ran ce shown s e p a ra te ly b e lo w .
Sick le a v e plans a r e lim ited to those w hich d e fin itely e s ta b lis h at le a st the
m inim um n u m ber of d a y s ' pay that can be expected by each em p loyee.
In fo rm a l sick leave a llo w a n c e s d eterm in ed on an in d ivid u al b a s is a r e excluded.
6 L e s s than 0.5 percen t.




22

T ab le B-7.

Paid Sick Leave

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f offic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by fo r m a l sick leav e
p ro v is io n s , D etro it, M ich . , J an uary 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS
Sick le a v e p ro v is io n

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public i
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100. 0

W o r k e r s in estab lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
fo r m a l paid sick le a v e ------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in estab lish m e n ts p ro vid in g
no fo r m a l paid sick le a v e ------------------------------------

All
industries

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

80. 1

87. 5

79. 8

76. 1

56. 7

73.6

49. 3

14. 1

19. 9

12. 5

20. 2

23. 9

43. 3

26. 4

50. 7

85. 9

26. 9
13. 7
2. 8
2. 1
.2
.8
2. 6
1.9
.2
.3
.6
. 1
12. 6
1. 1
11.4
.5
.8
( 6)
.5
.2

32.
11.
3.
.
1.
1.
1.
.
19.
.
19.
.
-

24. 7
13.4
4. 6
8. 6
.2
11. 2
11.2
-

37. 1
30. 8
11. 0
8. 8
4. 4
2. 9
2. 2
6. 3
6. 3
11. 5
11. 5
-

13. 1
13. 1
3. 6
4. 6
3. 4
1.4
3. 5
3. 5

7. 4
7. 4
.7
2. 6
2. 2
.2
.2
"

42. 7
42. 5
3. 4
8. 2
5. 7
16. 6
3. 7
5. 0
.2
-

5. 1
4. 6
2. 4
1.4
.5
.2
( 6)
-

2. 2
2. 2
2. 2
-

33.9
27. 6
1. 2
18. 6
2. 3
2. 1
.6
1. 9
6. 1

38. 2
36 .4
.8
31. 5
2. 0
.4
. 3
-

27. 2
21. 1
.3

20. 2
9. 5
-

6. 3
.3
.3

-

1. 1

-

6 .6
2. 6
1. 0
1. 6

2. 0
1. 3
. 1
.3

.3

-

.8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8. 4

-

44. 2
22. 6
3. 6
.9
6. 5
10. 8
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Finance 2

Services

All
3
industries

100. 0

Manufacturing

Public i
utilities

W
holesale
trade

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

2 .9

63. 2

37. 5

47. 3

13. 0

97. 1

36. 8

62. 5

52. 7

87. 0

10. 6
2. 4
2. 4
8. 2
8. 2
_
2. 6
2. 6
"

24. 3
24. 3
13. 3
3. 6
_
_
5. 1
1. 3
.8
_
.
_
5. 5
5. 5

12. 4
12. 4
1. 7
7. 4
.

7. 1
7. 1
1.3
3. 7
_
_

3. 4
_
_
_
1. 4
1.4

.9
.9
.3
_
.
-

21. 2
17. 5
.6

7. 7
.8

Retail trade

Servioee

100. 0

Type and am ount of paid sick
le a v e p ro v id e d an n ually
U n ifo rm plan: 4
No w aitin g p e r i o d ----------------------------------------------5 d a y s _______________________________________
6 d a y s -------------------------------------------------------7 d a y s _______________________________________
9 d a y s -------------------------------------------------------10 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------12 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------14 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------15 d a y s ____ ________________________________
20 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------22 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------F u ll pay plus p a rtia l pay 5__________________
5 d a y s _______________________________________
21 d a y s ________ ______________________________
P a r t ia l pay o n ly -------------------------------------------W aitin g p e r i o d ---------------------------------------------------F u ll pay----------------------------------------------------------F u ll pay plus p a rtia l p ay ----------------------------P a r t ia l pay o n ly -------------------------------------------G rad u ated p la n 4— A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e rv ic e :
No w aitin g p e r io d ----------------------------------------------F u ll p a y * _______________________________________
5 d a y s _______________________________________
10 d a y s ------------ ---------------------------------------15 d a y s ___ ___ _ ____ ________________
_ _
20 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------22 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------35 d a y s — -----------------------------------------------F u ll pay plus p a rtia l pay 5-----------------5 d a y s _________________________________________________
6 d a y s --------------------------------------10 d a y s ________________________________________________
15 d a y s __________________ ____ __ ______________________
17 d a y s -------------------------------------20 d a y s -------------------------------------30 d a y s ---- -------------------------------P a r t ia l pay o n ly ------------------------------W aitin g p e r io d ______________________________________________
F u ll p ay ----------------------------------------F u ll pay plus p a rtia l pay _________________________
P a r t ia l pay o n ly -------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tab le.




1. 0
. 8
1. 1

2. 0
. 2

0
7
2
1
0
8
8

7
4
2
1
9

“

20. 7
6. 1

-

-

8. 7

3 .4

-

-

-

-

-

-

1. 1
-

-

5. 6

3. 4

-

-

-

-

2. 0

3. 1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1. 8
-

. 6

. 7

.4

-

-

4. 1

. 2

18. 3
11. 9
5. 8
. 6

17. 3
17. 3

27. 4

-

26. 8

. 6

2. 0
7. 3
7. 3
-

2. 6
30. 7
21. 0
-

9 .7

-

21. 6
4. 6
4. 9
. 2

11.9

21. 7
2. 0
19.7

-

4. 0
4. 0
-

:
-

( 6)
.4
.4
.6
.2
.2
.2

.3
.3
-

9

-

. 3
-

-

-

-

.

16.9
3.7

-

-

2. 0
. 3
.3

( 6)
_
_
_
-

2. 3
2. 3
_

.3

-

-

-

-

-

4. 1

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

_
_
_

. 1
-

-

1. 5

_

-

-

-

_

_

( 6)
. 1
. 2
. 3
5. 9
3. 5

-

( 6)

-

_

_

. 3

2. 1

-

-

2. 6
3 .6
2. 8

. 4
. 4

_

26.9

-

-

-

-

-

26.9

1. 7
29. 7
24. 8
-

4. 9

_
_

23

Table B-7. Paid Sick Leave— Continued
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a l l in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s b y fo r m a l s ic k le a v e
p ro v is io n s , D e tro it, M ic h ., Jan uary 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS
Sick le a v e p ro v is io n

PLANT WORKERS

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public x
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

37.7
27.4
.2
18.4
.3
.7
2.2
1.0
1.5
10.2
.9
.2
.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
2.1
2.5
.1
14.8
10.7
3.5

38.2
35.2
31.4
.3

53.9
21.1
20.7
32.9
2.0
-

20.2
9.5
5.8
2.6
10.7
-

30.4
16.1
3.1
_
-

Finance 1
2
3

Services

All 3
industries'*

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

T ype and am ount of paid sick le a v e
p ro v id e d annually— Continued
G ra d u a te d p la n 4— A ft e r 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e :
N o w a itin g p e r io d _________________________________
F u ll p ay _ _
-------------------------------------------6 d a y s ___________________ _______________ 7 d a y s _________ ____________________________
20 d a y s ___ ________________________________
44 days _____________________________________
45 d a y s ------ -------------------------------------------65 days ________ ___________________________
100 d a y s --- ---------------------------------------------135 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------F u ll pay plus p a rtia l pay 5______ __ ______
30 d ays _____________________________________
_
32 d a y s ___ _ _______________________________
35 d ays ________________________________ __
40 days __ -----------------------------------------------50 day s __ __________________________________
60 days __ __________________________________
65 days ____ _________ ___________________
7 0 d a y s ____ ________________________ ____ _
P a r t ia l pay o n ly ______________________________________
W aitin g p e r i o d -----------------------------------F u ll pay _ _______________________________________________
F ull pay plus p a rtia l p a y ________________________
P a r t ia l pay o n ly ______________________________________

.5

-

3.0
1.2
.7
-

17.3
17.3

-

4.1
26.8

-

-

8.7
2.0
-

8.3
2.6
9.7

-

-

1.2

7.3
7.3

-

-

12.7
11.7
3.4

-

1 .0

-

-

.1

"

-

44.2
20.2
.9
4.1
-

1.9
8.9
24.0
4.0
-

6.6
2.6
-

4.0
4.0
-

7.3
4.3
.2
.3
.9
2.6
2.7
( 6)

0.3
.3
-

-

-

-

3.1
2.4
4.9
9.0
_

-

-

-

-

1.1
.1
.1
1.3
.2
1.1

-

-

21.7
2.0
19.7

-

9.7

-

-

3.6

2.2

21.1

46.6
17.5
_
_
16.9
29.1
( 6)

-

-

-

3.6
25.4
-

7.7
.8
_
_
-

6.9
-

28.6
20.6
1.8
_
_
_
18.5
6.3
_
-

5.9
5.9
5.6
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

4.1
2.8
_

6.3
-

_
-

-

1.7
4.9

_
-

_

-

_

_

.4
.7

.4

3.3

-

_

_

-

-

4.9

-

3.7

1.6

1.7

3.7

-

_

_

3.3
_

.4

P r o v is io n s fo r accu m u lation
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts having
p ro v is io n s fo r accu m u lation of
unused sick l e a v e ___________________________________________

9.6

6.0

43.0

11.4

28.8

20.1

1 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
2 F in a n c e , in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate.
3 In cludes data fo r r e a l estate in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
4 "U n ifo r m p la n s " a r e defin ed as those fo r m a l plans u n der w hich an em p lo y e e , a fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e , is entitled to the sam e n u m ber of d a y s ' paid sick le a v e each y e a r.
"G ra d u a te d p la n s "
a r e d efin ed a s those fo r m a l plans under w hich an e m p lo y e e 's le a v e v a r ie s a c c o rd in g to length of s e r v ic e .
P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w e r e a r b i t r a r i ly chosen.
E stim a te s r e fle c t p ro v isio n s a p p lic a b le at
the stated length of s e r v ic e but do not r e fle c t p ro v isio n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n .
Thus, the p ro p o rtio n re c e iv in g 15 d a y s ' sick le a v e a fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e m a y a ls o r e c e iv e this am ount a fte r g r e a t e r
o r le s s e r lengths of s e r v ic e .
5 M a y in clude p ro v is io n s other than those p resen ted se p a ra te ly . N u m b e r s of d ays show n under " F u l l pay plus p a r t ia l p a y " a r e d ays fo r w hich w o r k e r s r e c e iv e sick le a v e at fu ll pay; w o r k e r s
a r e entitled to ad d itio n al days of sick le a v e at p a rtia l pay.
6 L e s s than 0.05 percen t.




24
Table B-8. Profit-Sharing Plans
(P e r c e n t of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s em ployed in estab lish m e n ts p ro v id in g p r o fit -s h a r in g plan s, 1
by type of plan, D e tro it, M ich . , J an uary 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS
Type o f plan

All
industries

Manufacturing

A l l w o r k e r s ____________________________________________

100

W o r k e r s in estab lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
p r o fit -s h a r in g p la n s ---------------------------------------------

PLANT WORKERS

Public ,
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 1
3
2

Services

All .
industries4

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

13

3

1

2

45

47

20

4

2

21

3

P la n s p ro v id in g fo r c u rre n t
d is t r ib u t io n ------------------------------------------------------

( 5)

-

-

-

3

1

( 5)

( 5)

-

-

-

2

2

P la n s p ro v id in g fo r d e fe r r e d
d is t r ib u t io n -------------------------------------------------------

8

2

1

2

42

23

14

3

( 5)

-

-

19

(5 )

P la n s p ro v id in g f o r both c u rre n t and
d e fe r r e d d is trib u tio n ---------------------------------------

4

1

-

-

-

20

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

P la n s p ro v id in g f o r e m p lo y e e 's choice
of m ethod of d is trib u tio n --------------------------------

1

-

-

-

-

3

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g no
p r o fit -s h a r in g p la n s ---------------------------------------------

87

53

80

96

98

97

99

98

55

100

100

79

97

1 The study w a s lim ite d to fo r m a l p lan s ( l ) having e sta b lish e d fo rm u la s fo r the allo c a tio n of p ro fit sh a re s am ong e m p lo y e e s; (2) w h o se fo rm u la s w e r e com m u n icated to the e m p lo y e e s in
advance of the d e term in atio n of p r o fit s ; (3) that re p r e s e n t a com m itm en t by the com pany to m ake p e rio d ic con tribution s b a s e d on p r o fit s ; and (4) in w hich e lig ib ility extends to a m a jo rity of the
o ffic e o r plant w o r k e r s .
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m unication, and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s .
3 F in an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate.
4 In cludes data f o r r e a l estate in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e rcen t.




Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

D raftsm an. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsm an-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
m an (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not com parable to data previously
published. In areas where current em ploym ent and earnings information
was collected largely by m ail this year and will be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations w ill
be presented next year.

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsm an and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
inform ation for more sp ecific categories.

Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of c alls handled and
types of inform ation provided. The com bination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is com parable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

25




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary woikers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical woik incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cadi Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
27

28

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks*
Class B* Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER—Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

29

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e tc ,, are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e tc .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g ., because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. (’’Limited” telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e. g* > giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

30

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties* This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker*s time while at
switchboard*

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others* Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required* The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This woik is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The woik typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A wodcer who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A . Performs one or more of the followings Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e tc ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

31

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN—Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse »who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenters handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




32

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES—Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping



Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’s
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of woik, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist’s woik normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

33

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment, Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience*

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment,

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment,
Woik involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the woik of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience, Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following; Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment, Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines;. assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the woik of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

34

TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metalwoiking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker’s work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inC US T OD1 A L

AND

1

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.
ERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER—Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Woxkers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Woikers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

35
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SH
IPPIN
G
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of Shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRTVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
5
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SH
IPPIN AND RECEIVIN CLERK
G
G

TRUCKER, POW
ER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves; Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request-----The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of o ffice services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—March 1964. 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le bulletin s is p re s e n te d below . A d ir e c to r y in d icatin g dates o f e a r lie r studies, and the p ric e s of the bulletin s is
a v a ila b le on req u est. B u lletin s m ay be purch ased fr o m the Superintendent of Docum ents, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , Washington, D .C ., 20402,
or fr o m any o f the B LS re g io n a l sa le s o ffic e s shown on the in sid e fro n t c o v e r.

A rea

B u lle tin number
and p ric e

A k ron , Ohio, June 1964 *.
A lb an y—
Schenectady— r o y , N .Y ., M a r. 1964 1_______—
T
Albuqu erqu e, N. M e x ., A p r. 19641_____________________
A llen tow n — eth leh em —
B
Easton, P a .— .J ., F eb . 1964 1
N
A tla n ta, G a ., M a y 1964 1 ________________________________
B a ltim o re , M d ., N ov. 19641 ____________________________
Beaum ont— o r t A rth u r, T e x ., M ay 1964 1_____________
P
B irm in g h a m , A la ., A p r. 1964 1_____________________-___
B o is e C ity, Idaho, July 1964 1 __________________________
B oston, M a s s ., Oct. 19641 ______________________________

1385-80,
1385-52,
1385-61,
1385-53,
1385-73,
1430-27,
1385-70,
1385-63,
1430-1,
1430-16,

25
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

B u ffa lo, N .Y ., Dec. 19641 ---B u rlin gton , V t., M ar. 1964_
_
Canton, Ohio, A p r. 1964 1____
C h arleston , W. V a ., A p r. 1964 1
C h a rlo tte, N .C ., A p r. 19641
C hattanooga, T e n n .-G a ., Sept. 1964 1_________________
C hicago, 111., A p r. 19641 _______________________________
C incinn ati, O hio— y . , M a r. 19641_____________________
K
C levelan d , Ohio, Sept. 19641 __________________________
Colum bus, Ohio, Oct. 19641 ___________________________

1430
1385
1385
1385
1385
1430
1385
1385
1430
1430

30
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D a lla s, T e x ., N ov. 1964 1 -____ -_
_
___________________
D aven p ort— ock^Island— olin e, Iowa—
R
M

1430-25, 30 cents

•36,
.47,
•64,
.57,
•55,
.10,
•66,
■58,
.13,
■18,

A rea

B u lletin number
and p ric e

M ia m i, F la ., Dec. 1964---------M ilw au k ee, W is ., A p r. 1964— ,
M in n ea p o lis—
St. Pau l, M inn., Jan. 19651_
M uskegon— uskegon H eigh ts, M ich ., M ay 1964 1
M
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity, N .J ., F eb . 19641
N ew Haven, Conn., Jan. 1965._
N ew O rlea n s, L a ., F eb . 1964._
_
N ew Y o rk , N .Y ., A p r. 19641______________
N o r fo lk — o rts m o u th and N ew p o rt N ew s—
P
Hampton, V a ., June 1964_
_
O klahom a C ity, O k la ., Aug. 1964 1

14301385143013851385143013851385-

Omaha, N e b r .—
Iow a, Oct. 1964.
Paterson—
Clifton— a ss a ic , N.J., M ay 1964 1 —
P
Philadelphia, Pa.HST.J., Nov. 1964 1_____________
Phoenix, A riz ., M ar. 19641—,
Pittsburgh, P a ., Jan. 19651_
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1964________________________
Portland, O re g .— ash ., M ay 1964 1-------------------W
Providence—
Pawtucket, R .I.— a s s., M ay 1964_
M
_
Raleigh, N .C ., Sept. 1964___________________ ________
Richmond, V a ., Nov. 1964------------------------------------

1430138514301385.
143014301385138514301430-

17,
62,
28,
54,
41,
21,
67,
65,
6,
19,

25
25
35
25
30
25
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Rockford, 111., A pr. 1964 1_________________________
St. Louis, M o.—
111., Oct. 1964 1____________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 19641_________________
San Antonio, Tex., June 1964—____________________
San B ernardino— iver side—
R
Ontario, C alif.,

1385-60,
1430-22,
1430-33,
1385-74,

25
30
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents

29,
56,
39,
71,
49,
34,
42,
72,

25
25
30
25
30
25
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1385-77, 20 cents
1430-5,
25 cents

Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1965__________________________
D en ver, C o lo ., Dec. 1964_________________________
D es M oin es, Iowa, F eb . 19641 __________________
D e tro it, M ich ., Jan. 1965 1 _____________________...
F o r t W orth, T e x ., N ov. 19641__
G reen Bay, W is ., Aug. 19641-.
G r e e n v ille , S.C ., M a y 1964 1_
Houston, T e x ., June 19641 _________

1430-20,
1430-31,
1430-32,
1385-44,
1430-43,
1430-24,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,

25
25
25
25
30
30
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

San Diego, C alif., Sept. 1964 1_____________________
San F ran cisc o —
Oakland, C alif., Jan. 19651______
Savannah, G a ., M ay 1964 1___________ ______________
Scranton, P a ., Aug. 1964___________________________
Seattle, W ash., Sept. 1964_________________________

1430-8,
1430-12,
1430-37,
1385-69,
1430-2,
1430-9,

20
25
25
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Indianapolis, In d ., D ec. 1964________
Jackson, M is s ., F eb . 19641_________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., Jan. 19651______
Kansas C ity, M o .-K a n s ., N ov. 1964________________
L a w r e n c e -H a v e r h ill, M a s s .— .H ., June 1964 1 ___
N
L ittle R ock— orth L it t le R ock, A r k ., Aug. 1964
N
L o s A n g e le s —Long B each, C a lif., M ar. 1964 1 —__
L o u is v ille , K y .— d ., F eb . 1965 1 __________________
In
Lubbock, T e x ., June 1964 1 -____ —______
M an ch ester, N .H ., Aug. 19641
M em p h is, T e n n ., Jan. 1965___________________________

1430-30,
1385-41,
1430-38,
1430-26,
1385-76,
1430-7,
1385-59,
1430-42,
1385-75,
1430-4,
1430-40,

25
25
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., Oct. 1964____________________
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1964 1______________________
Spokane, W ash., M ay 1964______-__________________
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 1964-_________ -_________________
Trenton, N.J., Dec. 1964 1____ __ '__________________
Washington, D .C .— d.— a ., Oct. 1964 1__________
M
V
W aterbury, Conn., M ar. 19641____________________
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1964 1________________________
Wichita, K an s., Sept. 1964 1________________________
W o rc e s te r, M a s s ., June 1964 1____________________
York, P a ., Feb. 1964 1______________________________

1430-15,
1385-51,
1385-78,
1385-46,
1430-35,
1430-14,
1385-48,
1430-23,
1430-11,
1385-79,
1385-45,

20
25
20
20
25
30
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102