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APR 1 4 196b

Occupational Wage Survey’oWi“UC'*
c
£T

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABO R ST A TIST IC S
Ewan C la gu e , Commissioner




HAWAII

Occupational Wage Survey
SAN FRANCISCO-OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA




JANUARY 1 9 6 5

Bulletin No. 1 4 3 0 - 3 7
March 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2040 2 - Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

Th e Bureau o f L a b o r S tatistics p ro g ra m o f annual
occupational w age su rveys in m etro p o lita n a rea s is d e ­
signed to p ro v id e data on occupational earn in gs, and es ta b ­
lishm ent p ra c tic e s and su pplem entary w age p ro v is io n s . It
y ield s d eta iled data by s e le c te d industry d ivisio n s fo r each
of the a rea s studied, fo r econ om ic re g io n s , and fo r the
United S tates. A m a jo r con sid era tion in the p ro g ra m is
the need fo r g r e a te r insight into (1) the m ovem en t o f w ages
by occupational c a te g o ry and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the s tru c ­
ture and le v e l o f w ages among a rea s and industry d iv is io n s .

In t r o d u c t io n _______________________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s __________________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

At the end o f each s u rvey , an in divid u al a re a b u l­
letin p resen ts su rvey resu lts fo r each a re a studied. A fte r
com p letion o f a ll o f the in dividu al a re a bulletins fo r a
round o f s u rvey s, a tw o -p a rt su m m ary bu lletin is issued.
The fir s t p a rt brin gs data fo r each o f the m etro p o lita n
areas studied into one bulletin. Th e second p a rt p resen ts
in form ation w hich has been p ro je c te d fr o m individu al m e t­
ropolitan a re a data to re la te to econ om ic regio n s and the
United States.

A.




E s t a b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d _______________________________________________________________
In d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , and p e r c e n t s o f
i n c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r i o d s ____________________________________________

3

3

O c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s : *
A - 1. O ff i c e o c c u p a t io n s — e n and w o m e n ______________________________
m
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s —m e n and w o m e n . .
A -3 .
O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b in e d ________________________________________
A -4 .
M a in t e n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t io n s _______________________
A - 5. C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s ______________

9
11
12

E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s : *
B -l.
M in im u m e n t ra n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s ___
B -2 .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s _____________________________________________________
B - 3 . S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s _____________________________________________
B -4 .
P a i d h o li d a y s ___________________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a i d v a c a t i o n s _________________________________________________________
B -6 .
H e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s ___________________________
B - 7 . P r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s _________________________________________________

14
15
16
17
18
20
21

A p p e n d ix e s :
A.
C h a n g e s in o c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ____________________________________
B.
O c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ___________________________________________________

22
23

B.

E igh ty-tw o areas c u rre n tly are included in the
p ro g ra m . In form ation on occu pational earnings is c o lle c te d
annually in each area. In form ation on establish m en t p r a c ­
tic e s and supplem entary w age p ro v is io n s is obtained b ie n ­
n ia lly in m ost o f the a rea s.
T h is bu lletin p resen ts resu lts o f the su rv e y in
San F ra n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif. , in January 1965. It was
p rep a red in the B u reau 's re g io n a l o ffic e in San F ra n c is c o ,
by R o b e rt J. C olthurst, under the d ire c tio n o f W illia m P .
O 'C on n or. Th e study w as under the g e n e ra l d ire c tio n of
John L . Dana, A ssista n t R eg io n a l D ir e c to r fo r W ages and
In d u strial R ela tion s.

1
4

a rea s.

* N O T E : S im ila r tabulations are ava ila b le fo r other
(See inside back c o v e r .)

C u rren t re p o rts on occupational earnings and supple­
m en tary w age p ra c tic e s in the San F ra n c is c o —
Oakland a rea
are also a v a ila b le fo r auto d e a le r r e p a ir shops (O ctob er
1964), flu id m ilk (O cto b er 1964), and the m a ch in ery in ­
d u stries (M a y 1964). Union S ca les, in d icative o f p re v a ilin g
pay le v e ls , are a v a ila b le fo r building construction, prin tin g,
lo c a l-tr a n s it operatin g em p lo y e e s , and m otortru ck d r iv e r s
and h elp ers.

iii

5
9




Occupational Wage Survey—San Francisco—Oakland, Calif.
Introduction
T h is a re a is 1 o f 82 in which the U. S. D epartm ent o f L a b o r s
Bureau o f L a b o r S tatistics conducts su rveys o f occupational earnings
and re la te d w age b en efits on an a re a w id e b a s is .
In this a re a , data
w e r e obtained by p erso n a l v is its o f B ureau fie ld econ om ists to r e p ­
re s e n ta tiv e establish m en ts w ithin s ix broad industry d iv is io n s : Manu­
fa ctu rin g; tran sp ortation , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s ;
w h o lesa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e; fin an ce, in su ran ce, and r e a l estate; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in du stry groups exclu ded fr o m th ese studies a re
govern m en t op eration s and the con stru ction and e x tra c tiv e in d u stries.
E stablish m en ts having fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w o rk e rs a re
o m itted because they tend to furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the
occupations studied to w a rra n t in clu sion .
Separate tabulations a re
p ro vid ed fo r each o f the b roa d in du stry d iv is io n s which m eet pub­
lic a tio n c r it e r ia .

schedules (rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf hour) fo r which s tra ig h t-tim e
s a la rie s a r e paid; a v e ra g e w e e k ly earn in gs fo r th ese occupations have
been rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf d o lla r.
Th e a v e ra g e s p resen ted r e fle c t com p o site, a rea w id e e stim a tes.
In d u stries and establish m en ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and job staffing and,
thus, contribute d iffe re n tly to the estim a tes fo r each job .
The pay
relation sh ip obtainable fr o m the a v e ra g e s m ay fa il to r e fle c t a c cu ra tely
the w age spread o r d iffe r e n tia l m aintained among job s in individual
estab lish m en ts. S im ila rly , d iffe re n c e s in a v e ra g e pay le v e ls fo r men
and w om en in any o f the s e le c te d occupations should not be assum ed to
r e fle c t d iffe re n c e s in pay trea tm en t o f the sexes w ithin individu al e s ­
tablish m en ts. O ther p o ssib le fa c to rs w hich m ay contribute to d iffe r ­
ences in pay fo r m en and w om en include: D iffe re n c e s in p ro g re s s io n
w ith in esta b lish ed rate ra n ges, sin ce on ly the actual ra tes paid in ­
cumbents a re c o lle c te d ; and d iffe re n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e rfo rm e d ,
although the w o rk e rs a re a p p ro p ria te ly c la s s ifie d within the sam e
su rvey job d escrip tio n . Job d escrip tio n s used in c la s s ify in g em p loyees
in th ese su rvey s a re usually m o re g e n e ra liz e d than those used in
individual establishm ents and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe re n c e s among e s ­
tablish m en ts in the s p e c ific duties p e rfo rm e d .

T h ese su rveys a re conducted on a sam ple b asis because o f
the u n n ecessa ry cost in v o lv e d in su rveyin g a ll estab lish m en ts.
To
obtain optim um a ccu ra cy at m inim um cost, a g r e a te r p ro p o rtio n o f
la r g e than o f sm a ll establish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data,
h o w e v e r, a ll establish m en ts a r e given th e ir ap p ro p ria te w eigh t. E s ­
tim a tes based on the establish m en ts studied a r e p resen ted , th e r e fo r e ,
as rela tin g to a ll establish m en ts in the in du stry grouping and a rea ,
except fo r those b elow the m inim um s iz e studied.

Occupational em ploym ent estim a tes re p re s e n t the total in a ll
establish m en ts w ith in the scope o f the study and not the num ber actu ally
su rveyed . B ecau se o f d iffe re n c e s in occupational stru ctu re among e s ­
tab lish m en ts, the estim a tes o f occupational em ploym ent obtained fro m
the sam ple o f establishm ents studied s e r v e only to indicate the r e la tiv e
im p ortan ce o f the job s studied.
T h ese d iffe re n c e s in occupational
stru ctu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a ccu ra cy o f the earnings data.

Occupations and E arnings
The occupations s e le c te d fo r study a r e com m on to a v a r ie ty
o f m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries, and a re o f the
fo llo w in g typ es: ( l ) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ical;
(3) m aintenance and p ow erplan t; and (4 ) cu stodial and m a te ria l m o v e ­
m ent.
Occupational c la s s ific a tio n is based on a u n iform set o f job
d e scrip tio n s d esign ed to take account o f in te r establish m en t v a ria tio n
in duties w ith in the sam e jo b .
The occupations s e le c te d fo r study
a re lis te d and d e s c rib e d in appendix B.
E arn in gs data fo r som e o f
the occupations lis te d and d e s c rib e d a re not p resen ted in the A - s e r ie s
tab les because e ith e r ( l ) em ploym ent in the occupation is too sm all
to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it p resen ta tion , o r (2) th e re is p o s s i­
b ility o f d is c lo s u re o f in dividu al establish m en t data.

E stablish m en t P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary W age P ro v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n is p resen ted (in the B - s e r ie s tab les) on s e le c te d
establish m en t p ra c tic e s and supplem entary w age p ro visio n s as they
re la te to o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s .
A d m in is tra tiv e , execu tive, and
p ro fe s s io n a l e m p lo y ees, and fo rc e -a c c o u n t constru ction w o rk e rs who
a re u tiliz e d as a sep arate w o rk fo r c e a re excluded. "O ffic e w o r k e r s "
include w ork in g s u p e rv is o rs and non s u p e rv is o ry w o rk e rs p e rfo rm in g
c le r ic a l o r re la te d functions.
"P la n t w o r k e r s " include w orkin g f o r e ­
m en and a ll non s u p e rv is o ry w o rk e rs (including leadm en and tra in e e s )
engaged in n on office functions. C a fe te ria w o rk e rs and routem en a re
excluded in m anufacturing in d u stries, but included in nonm anufactur­
ing in d u stries.

Occupational em ploym ent and earn in gs data a re shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i. e . , those h ir e d to w o rk a re g u la r w e e k ly schedule
in the given occu pational c la s s ific a tio n .
E arn in gs data exclude p r e ­
m ium pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w eeken ds, h olid a ys, and
la te sh ifts.
Nonproduction bonuses a re exclu ded, but c o s t- o f- liv in g
bonuses and in cen tive earnings a re included. W h ere w e e k ly hours a re
re p o rte d , as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occupations, r e fe r e n c e is to the w o rk




M inim um entrance s a la rie s (tab le B - l ) re la te only to the e s ­
tablish m en ts v is ite d . Th ey a re p resen ted in te rm s o f establishm ents
w ith fo r m a l m inim um entrance s a la ry p o lic ie s .

1

2
Shift d iffe r e n tia l data (ta b le B -2 ) a re lim ite d to plant w o rk e rs
in m anufacturing in d u stries.
This in fo rm a tio n is p resen ted both in
te rm s o f (1) estab lish m en t p o lic y , 1 p resen ted in te rm s o f to ta l plant
w o rk e r em ploym ent, and (2) e ffe c tiv e p ra c tic e , p resen ted in te rm s o f
w o rk e rs actu ally em p loyed on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the
su rvey.
In establish m en ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n tia ls , the amount
applying to a m a jo r ity was used o r, i f no amount applied to a m a jo rity ,
the c la s s ific a tio n " o t h e r " was used. In establish m en ts in which som e
la te -s h ift hours a re paid at n o rm a l ra tes, a d iffe r e n tia l was re c o rd e d
only i f it applied to a m a jo r ity o f the sh ift hours.
The scheduled w eek ly hours (ta b le B -3 ) o f a m a jo r ity o f the
fir s t - s h ift w o rk e rs in an establish m en t a re tabulated as applying to
a ll o f the plant o r o ffic e w o rk e rs o f that establish m en t. P a id h o lid a ys;
paid va ca tio n s; health, insurance, and pension plans; and p r o fit-s h a r in g
plans (ta b les B -4 through B -7 ) a r e tre a te d s ta tis tic a lly on the b a sis
that these a re ap p licab le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o rk e rs i f a m a jo r ity
o f such w o rk e rs a re e lig ib le o r m ay even tu ally qu a lify fo r the p r a c ­
tic e s lis te d . Sums o f in dividu al item s in tab les B -2 through B -7 m ay
not equal totals because o f rounding.
D ata on paid holidays (ta b le B -4 ) a re lim ite d to data on
h olid ays granted annually on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i. e . , (1) a re p ro vid ed
fo r in w ritte n fo rm , o r (2) have been estab lish ed by custom . H olidays
o r d in a r ily granted a r e included even though they m ay fa ll on a non­
w orkday, even i f the w o rk e r is not gran ted another day o ff. The fir s t
p a rt o f the paid h olid ays table p resen ts the num ber o f w hole and h a lf
h olidays actu ally granted. The second p a rt com bin es w hole and h a lf
h olidays to show to ta l h olid ay t im e .
The su m m ary o f v a ca tio n plans (tab le B -5 ) is lim ite d to
fo r m a l p o lic ie s , excluding in fo rm a l arran gem en ts w h ereb y tim e o ff
w ith pay is gran ted at the d is c r e tio n o f the e m p lo y e r.
S eparate
estim a tes a re p ro vid ed a cco rd in g to e m p lo y e r p ra c tic e in com puting
va ca tio n paym ents, such as tim e paym ents, p e rcen t o f annual earn in gs,
o r fla t-s u m am ounts.
H o w ever, in the tabulations o f va ca tion pay,
paym ents not on a tim e b a sis w e r e co n verted to a tim e b a s is ; fo r
exam ple, a paym ent o f 2 p e rc e n t o f annual earn in gs was co n sid ered
as the equ ivalen t o f 1 w e e k 's pay.

and those p ro v id e d through a union fund o r paid d ir e c t ly by the
e m p lo y e r out o f cu rren t operatin g funds o r fr o m a fund set aside
fo r this pu rpose.
D eath b en efits a re included as a fo r m o f life
insurance.
S ickness and accid en t insurance is lim ite d to that type o f
insurance under w hich p red eterm in ed cash paym ents a r e m ade d ir e c tly
to the in su red on a w e e k ly o r m onthly b a sis du ring illn e s s o r accid en t
d is a b ility .
In fo rm a tio n is p resen ted f o r a ll such plans to which the
e m p lo y e r con trib u tes. H o w ever, in N ew Y o r k and N ew J e rs e y , which
have enacted te m p o ra ry d is a b ility insu rance law s which re q u ire e m ­
p lo y e r contribu tions, 2 plans a re included only i f the e m p lo y e r (1) con ­
trib u tes m o r e than is le g a lly req u ired , o r (2) p ro v id e s the em p loyee
w ith b en efits w hich ex ceed the req u irem en ts o f the law . Tabulations
o f paid sick le a v e plans a re lim ite d to fo r m a l p la n s 3 which p ro v id e
fu ll pay o r a p ro p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r 's pay during absence fr o m w ork
because o f illn e s s .
Separate tabulations a re p resen ted a ccord in g to
(1) plans w hich p ro v id e fu ll pay and no w aitin g p erio d , and (2) plans
w hich p ro v id e e ith e r p a rtia l pay o r a w aitin g p erio d .
In addition
to the p resen ta tio n o f the p rop ortion s o f w o rk e rs who a re p ro vid ed
sick n ess and accid en t insu rance o r paid sic k le a v e , an unduplicated
to ta l is shown o f w o rk e rs who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both types o f b en efits.
C atastroph e insu rance, so m etim es r e fe r r e d to as extended
m e d ic a l insu rance, includes those plans which a re design ed to p ro te c t
em p lo yees in case of* sick n ess and in ju ry in v o lv in g expenses beyond
the n o rm a l c o v e r a g e o f h o sp ita liza tion , m e d ic a l, and s u rg ic a l plans.
M e d ic a l in su ran ce r e fe r s to plans p ro vid in g fo r co m p lete o r p a rtia l
paym ent o f d o c to rs ' fe e s .
Such plans m ay be u n d erw ritten by c o m ­
m e r c ia l in su ran ce com panies o r n on profit orga n iza tio n s o r they m ay
be s e lf-in s u re d . Tabulations o f r e tire m e n t pension plans a re lim ite d
to those plans that p ro v id e m onthly paym ents fo r the rem a in d er o f
the w o r k e r 's life .

Data a re p resen ted fo r a ll health, insu rance, and pension
plans (ta b le B -6 ) fo r w hich at le a s t a p a rt o f the cost is borne
by the e m p lo y e r , excep tin g on ly le g a l req u irem en ts such as w o r k ­
m en 's com pensation, s o c ia l s e c u rity , and ra ilr o a d re tire m e n t. Such
plans include those u n d erw ritten b y a c o m m e r c ia l insurance com pany

P r o fit- s h a r in g plans (ta b le B -7 ) a re lim ite d to fo r m a l plans
w ith d e fin ite fo rm u la s fo r com puting p r o fit sh ares to be d istrib u ted
am ong em p lo yees and whose form u la s w e r e com m unicated to e m ­
p lo y e e s in advance o f the d eterm in a tio n o f p r o fits . D ata are presen ted
a cco rd in g to p ro v is io n s fo r d istrib u tin g p r o fit sh ares to e m p lo y e e s :
(1) C u rren t o r cash d istrib u tio n o f p r o fit sh ares within a sh ort p erio d
a fte r d eterm in a tio n o f p r o fits ; (2) d e fe r r e d d istrib u tio n o f p r o fit shares
a fte r a s p e c ifie d num ber o f y e a r s o r at r e tire m e n t; (3) com bination
c u rren t and d e fe r r e d plans; and (4) e le c tiv e d istrib u tio n plans, under
w hich each p articip a n t is req u ired to s e le c t w hether to take his share
o f the cu rren t year* s p r o fit in cash, have it d e fe r r e d , o r p a rt in cash
and p a rt d e fe r r e d .

An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following
conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the time o f the survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

Table 1.

Establishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied in San F ran cisco—
Oakland, C a l if ., 1 by m ajor industry division, 2 January 1965
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

A ll divisions---------- — ------- ------------------ --------- -----------------------Manufacturing___________________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
—____ ________________
Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5
--------- -------- ---------------------------------W holesale t ra d e .
—
— - —
—
Retail trade-—--------- -------------- -------- -— --------------- — --------Finance, insurance, and re a l estate --------- .. .____________
S e rv ic e s7
—
—

Num ber of establishments

W ork ers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within
scope of
study 3

Studied

Studied
T o ta l4

Office

Plant

T otal4

.

1,276

265

389.900

104, 100

195, 400

214, 100

100
-

369
907

81
184

140, 000
249, 900

23, 200
80, 900

88, 600
106, 800

63, 510
150, 590

100
50
100
50
50

82
271
103
201
250

31
39
44
39
31

78, 100
31,600
47,500
56,400
36, 300

15,700
9,400
6, 400
41,300
( 8)

31, 800
15,300
35,800
62, 700
( 8)

65,
9,
35,
30,
10,

440
040
170
100
840

1 The San F ran cisco—
Oakland Standard Metropolitan Statistical A re a consists of Alam eda, Contra Costa, M arin, San F ran cisco, San Mateo, and Solano Counties. The "w ork ers within scope
of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the la b or force included in the survey. The estimates a re not intended, however,
to serve as a basis of com parison with other employment indexes fo r the a re a to m easure employment trends or lev els since (1) planning of wage surveys req uires the use of establishment data
compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments a re excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes a ll establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the a re a ) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto rep air service,
and motion picture theaters a re considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other w orkers excluded fro m the separate office and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to w ater transportation w ere excluded. The lo cal transit system s in the San F ran cisco—
Oakland a re a a re municipally operated and are excluded by
definition from the scope of the study.
6 Estimate relates to re a l estate establishments only. W o rk ers fro m the entire industry division a re represented in the Series A tables, but fro m the re a l estate portion only in "a ll
industry" estimates in the S eries B tables.
7 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile re p a ir shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering
and architectural services.
8 This industry division is represented in estim ates fo r " a ll ind ustries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and for "a ll ind ustries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data fo r this division is not made fo r one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was
not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual
establishment data.




T ab le 2. Indexes of standard w eekly sa la rie s and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in
San F ran cisco—
Oakland, C alif. , January 1965 and January 1964, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(January 196 I s 100)

P ercents of increase

Industry and occupational group
January 1965

January 1964

January 1964
to
January 1965

January 1963
to
January 1964

January 1962
to
January 1963

January 1961
to
January 1962

January I960
to
January 1961

A ll industries:
Office c le ric a l (m en and w o m e n )_____
Industrial nurses (men and wom en)__
Skilled maintenance (m en)_____________
Unskilled plant (m e n )__________________

113. 3
111. 5
111.9
115. 0

109. 6
109. 1
110.4
111.4

3.4
2. 2
1. 3
3. 2

3. 1
2. 7
3.6
3.5

3.
3.
3.
4.

2
7
2
5

3. 0
2.4
3. 2
3.0

4.
8.
3.
4.

1
3
2
8

Manufacturing:
Office c le ric a l (men and w om e n )_____
Industrial n urses (men and wom en)__
Skilled maintenance (m en)__ __________
Unskilled plant (men) _

112.4
112. 3
111. 5
114.0

108.
110.
110.
111.

3.4
2. 2
1. 2
2.6

3.5
3. 1
4. 1
4. 3

2.4
4 .2
2.9
3.7

2. 6
2.4
2.9
2.7

4.
8.
5.
4.

2
2
1
5

8
0
2
1

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P re s e n te d in table 2 a re indexes and p ercen ta ges o f change
in a v e ra g e s a la rie s o f o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and in d u stria l n u rses,
and in a v e ra g e earnings o f s elected plant w o rk e r groups.
F o r o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and in d u strial n u rses, the p e r ­
centages o f change re la te to a v e ra g e w e e k ly s a la rie s fo r n o rm a l hours
o f w o rk , that is , the standard w o rk schedule fo r w hich s tra ig h t-tim e
s a la rie s a re paid. F o r plant w o rk e r grou p s, they m easu re changes
in a v e ra g e s tra ig h t-tim e hourly ea rn in gs, excluding p rem iu m pay fo r
o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w eeken ds, h olid ays, and la te sh ifts.
The
p ercen ta ges a re based on data fo r se le c te d k ey occupations and in ­
clude m ost o f the n u m e ric a lly im portant job s w ithin each group.
The o ffic e c le r ic a l data a re based on m en and w om en in the fo llo w in g
19 jobs: B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs , cla ss B; c le r k s , accounting,
cla ss A and B; c le r k s , file , cla ss A , B , and C; c le r k s , o rd e r; c le r k s ,
p a y ro ll; C om p tom eter o p era to rs; keypunch o p e ra to rs , cla s s A and B;
o ffic e boys and g ir ls ; s e c r e ta r ie s ; sten ograp h ers, gen era l; s te n o g ra ­
p h ers, sen ior; sw itchboard o p era to rs; tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs ,
cla ss B; and ty p is ts , cla ss A and B. The in d u strial nurse data a re
based on m en and w om en in du strial nu rses.
M en in the follow in g
8 s k illed m aintenance jobs and 2 u n skilled jobs a re included in the
plant w o rk e r data: S k ille d — ca rp en ters; e le c tric ia n s ; m ach in ists; m e ­
chanics; m ech an ics, autom otive; p ain ters; p ip e fitte rs ; and to o l and
die m a k ers; u n sk illed — ja n ito rs , p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te r ia l handling.
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la rie s o r a v e ra g e h ou rly earnings w e re
computed fo r each o f the s e lected occupations. The a v e ra g e s a la rie s
o r h ou rly earnings w e r e then m u ltip lied by em ploym ent in each o f
the job s during the p e rio d su rveyed in 1961. T h ese w eigh ted earnings




fo r individual occupations w e r e then totaled to obtain an a g g re g a te fo r
each occupational group. F in a lly > the ra tio (e x p re s s e d as a p ercen tage)
o f the group a g g re g a te fo r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te fo r the other
y e a r was com puted and the d iffe re n c e betw een the resu lt and 100 is
the p ercen tage o f change fro m the one p erio d to the other.
The
indexes w e r e com puted by m u ltiplying the ra tio s fo r each group
a g g re g a te fo r each p erio d a fte r the base y e a r (1961).
The indexes and p ercen tages o f change m ea su re, p rin c ip a lly ,
the e ffe c ts o f (1) g e n e ra l s a la ry and w age changes; (2) m e r it o r other
in c re a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by individual w o rk e rs w hile in the sam e
job; and (3) changes in a v e ra g e w ages due to changes in the labor fo r c e
resu ltin g fro m lab or tu rn o ver, fo r c e expansions, fo r c e redu ction s,
and changes in the prop ortion s o f w o rk e rs em ployed by establishm ents
w ith d iffe re n t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the lab or fo r c e can cause
in c re a s e s o r d e c re a s e s in the occupational a v e ra g e s without actual
w age changes.
F o r exam p le, a fo r c e expansion m ight in c re a s e the
p rop ortion o f lo w e r paid w o rk e rs in a s p e c ific occupation and lo w e r
the a v e ra g e , w h erea s a reduction in the p rop ortion o f lo w e r paid
w o rk e rs would have the opposite e ffe c t. S im ila r ly , the m ovem en t o f
a high-paying establishm ent out o f an a re a could cause the a v e ra g e
earnings to d rop , even though no change in ra tes o c cu rred in other
establishm ents in the area .
The use of constant em ploym ent w eights elim in a tes the e ffe c t
of changes in the p rop ortion of w o rk e rs rep resen ted in each job in ­
cluded in the data.
The percen tages of change r e fle c t only changes in
a v era g e pay fo r stra ig h t-tim e hours.
T h ey are not influenced by
changes in standard w ork schedules, as such, or by p rem iu m pay
fo r o v e rtim e .

Data presen ted in table 2 and a ll A - s e r ie s tables
include, w h ere app licab le, the re c e n tly negotiated pay in ­
c re a s e s fo r m ost nonoperating ra ilro a d em p lo yees. T h ese
w o rk ers w e re granted 9 cents an hour re tro a c tiv e to
January 1964 and 9 o r 11.4 cents, depending on occupation,
e ffe c tiv e January 1965.

5

A. O ccupation al E a rn in g s
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o —O a k la n d , C a li f. , J a n u a ry 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

Number of wor ke rs receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

$

*

$

$

%

*

$

$

$

%

$

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

ICC

50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

1C5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

45
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
1C5
110
12C
115
130
14C
150
17C
16C

and
under

and
110

115

120

130

4
4
4

8
8
8

21
21
21

20
20
20

83
40
43
11
11
18

113
61
52
14
13
24

274
185
89
52
24
12

119
85
34
9
13
12

14C

15C

160

170

over

HEN
B ILL E R S ,

MACHINE

(B ILLIN G

$
$
$
$
112.50 1 16.50 1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
112.50 116.50 1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
118.00 118 .5 0 1 1 5 .5 0 -1 2 3 .0 0

NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------

71
71
53

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTLRING ----------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3-------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ---------------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------------

906
524
382
135
70
161

39.5 122.50 1 22.50
39.5 126.50 124.50
3 9 .0 117.50 117.00
3 9.0 123.50 125 .5 0
3 9.5 125.00 125.00
3 8.5 1 09.00 108.00

1 1 2 .5 0 -1 3 1 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0 -1 3 3 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 3 3 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0 -1 3 3 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 1 7 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUF ACTUR I N G ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------

350
126
224
153

39.5
40. C
39.5
4 0 .0

111.00
109 .5 0
112.00
120 .0 0

108.00
113.00
119.00

1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 3 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
9 9 .0 0 -1 3 0 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------NONMANUFACTLRING ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------

753
195
558
523

4 0 .0
39.0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

125.00
127.00
124.00
123.00

126.50
127.50
126.00
1 25.00

CLERKS, P A Y R O L L ----------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------

136
51
85
49

39.5 127.00 129.50
4 0 .0 1 39 .5 0 136.50
39.0 1 19.50 121.00
3 9.5 130.50 1 35.00

OFFICE BOYS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------------

751
210
541
70
322

3 8 .0
38.5
3 8 .0
39.5
3 8.5

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------F I N A N C E ----------------------------------

182
61
121
61

3 9 .0
39.5
3 9 .0
3 8.5

126.50 1 27 .5 0
130 .5 0 129.00
124.50 126.50
121.50 1 25.00

1 1 6 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0 -1 4 1 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0 -1 3 1 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------FINANCE4--------------------- ; -----------

619
141
478
78
60
262

3 9.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
39.0

108.50 107.50
1 09.50 106.00
108.00 108.00
115.50 117.50
114.00 1 16.50
103.50 1 03.00

1 0 0 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0 -1 1 7 .5 0
9 9 .5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0 -1 3 1 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0 -1 2 2 .5 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0

89
79

39.0
3 9 .0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 1 .0 0
7 3.00
7 0 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
6 6 .0 0

1 1 1 .0 0

68.50
6 8.50
68.50
8 6.00
6 7 .0 0

9 6 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

9 3 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

See fo o tn o tes

at end of ta b le .




-

_

_

_

_

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

“

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39.5

9 8.00
103.00
117.00

102 .0 0
103.00
117.00

69
1C
59
59

89
19
70
70

42
7
35
35

18
7
11
11

41
13
28
28

55
13
42
42

165
52
113
108

lie
34
84
74

143
24
119
109

13

4
2
2
1

24
11
13
9

31
18
13
1C

24
6
16
18

1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

7
4
3

-

-

-

1 1 2 .5 0 -1 4 0 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0
9 9 .5 0 -1 3 8 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0 -1 4 2 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

2

-

2

19

2

36
36
36

12
12
12

64
64
4
15

81
26
55
2
46

66
21
45
27

70
15
55
13
25

12
7
5
3

10
1
9
6

28
4
24
18

1
1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1C
3
7
6

2

10
9
1

-

9
2

-

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

102
21
81
5
44

-

-

-

-

12
1
11
11

25
—

25
25
2

19

2

-

-

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

3

9

7

19

-

-

-

-

-

3

9

7

42
5
37
3
6
25

44

144
56
ee
5
7
53

15
15

2
2

14
14

-

-

~

3
_

9

-

6

19
7
12

5
2

24
17

7
7

58
8
50
4
-

2
1
1

5
-

5
5

8

-

13
11
7
6
1
1

1
1

-

-

-

~

~

~

-

-

-

8
8
-

4
4

4
4

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

8
6

22
6
16
7

14
3
11
3

59
24
25
20

39
9
3C
15

19
10
9
~

~

56
12
44
7
7
16

69
12
57
10
7
28

94
28
66

49
9
40
27
5

3
2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
46

66
9
57
8
15
20

~

~

~

-

3
3

2
2

17
17

_

_

_

_

~

~

-

7

*

17
-

-

21
7
14
12

-

9 6 .0 0 -1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 0 5 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

-

16
12
4
4

44
19
25
24

-

_

-

17
1
16
6

44
9
35
31

-

_

-

59
3C
29
19

-

_

_

-

25
21
4
4

-

_

_

-

15
5
10
2

-

8 3 . 5 0-1G 6.00
8 5 .5 0 -1 1 0 .0 0

_

20
20

_

-

-

7
7

25
9
16

-

2

~

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

22

-

-

-

-

-

20

-

“

-

-

-

_

-

18
16
2

14

1 0 9 .5 0 -1 3 9 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0 -1 3 9 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0 -1 3 8 .5 0

_

9
9
-

-

-

256
109
14 7
11
117

37
29
8
e

-

-

76.00
75.50
76.50
9 7 .5 0
7 2.00

67
38
29
18
8

1

-

6 4 .5 0 6 6 .0 0 6 2 .0 0 7 1 .0 0 6 2 .0 0 -

-

-

-

-

-

*

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

54
11
43
3
1
38

_

'

271
222
54

47
1C
37
13

-

-

8
5
3
3

28
12
16
2

44
23
21

-

5
2

_

WOMEN
B ILLER S , MACHINE (B ILLIN G
MACHINE) --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------

-

-

-

-

-

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------

-

18
18

.

2
2

.

-

.

-

-

_

'

14
4

15
1

~

~

11
6

6
4

2
1

~

~

19
19

133
133
“

2
2
2

12
12
12

36
36
36

4
4
4

~

-

-

-

-

~

~

“

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o cc u p a tio n s s tu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o —O a k la n d , C a li f . , J a n u a ry 1965)

W
eekly earnings1
(standard)
dum
ber

Average
weekly
hours1
'standard)

Number of wo rk er s receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

$
45

$

$

$

WOMEN -

w
orkers

Mean2

M
edian 2

M
iddle range 2

$

$

S

$

$

$

$

$

$

i

t

$
$
$
$
$
130
140
150
160
17C

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

ICC

105

11C

115

120

50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

115

120

130

14C

-

-

-

6
6
~

-

9
9
9

19
11
11

9
9
3

77
61
61

20
20
4

7
3
3

3
1
1

n
li
4

2
2
2

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

1
1
1

-

-

~

~

5
5
“

30
14
16
"

16
3
13
~

33
10
23
18

47
20
27
8

21
14
7
6

26
25
1
-

27
20
7
7

6
1
5
-

42
1
41
36

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

“

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_
-

_
-

and
under

and
150

160

170

over

C ONTI NU ED

8 I L L EH St MAC HI NE ( BO OK K EE PI NG
M A C H I N E ) -----------------------------------NC NM ANU FAC TUR ING -----------------R E T A I L TRADE ----------------------

167
134
99

39.5
40.0
40.0

$
87.00
86.50
86.00

$
87.50
87.50
87.00

8 GC KK EE P I N G - M AC H I NE O P E R A T O R S ,
C L A S S A ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------NUN MA NU FAC TU RI NG -----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

253
108
145
75

39.0 102.00
39.5 100.00
39.0 103.00
38.5 112.00

99.50
102.50
98.00
114.50

$
84.5084.5085.00-

$
91.50
91.50
89.50

92 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
95 .0 0 -1 0 9 .0 0
90 .5 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
95 .50 -1 2 7 .5 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

“

~

-

-

~

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

“

-

3

8

_
—
-

_
-

-

-

“

1

6

47
3
44

187
6
181

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B ------------------------------------M AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------NONMA NU FAC TUR ING -----------------WHOL ESALE T R A D E ---------------R E T A I L TR ADE --------------------F I N A N C E 4------------------------------

567
68
499
22 C
51
173

C L E R K S , A C C OU N T I N G, C L A S S A --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------NC NM ANU FAC TUR ING -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------R E T A I L TRADE --------------------F I N A N C E 4------------------------------

1,414
42 7
987
114
179
93
358

38.5 104.00
39.0 113.00
38.5 100.50
39.5 112.50
39.5 101.00
40.0 102.00
38.0
95.00

C L E R K S , A C C OU NT I NG , C L AS S B ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------NO NMANUF ACT URI NG -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3-------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------R E T A I L T R A D E --------------------F I N A N C E 4------------------------------

2,492
683
1,809
483
274
401
512

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0
40.C
40.0
38.0

89.00
95.50
86.50
97.00
90.50
86.00
76.50

86.00
96.00
84.00
90.00
89.50
83.50
74.00

8 0 . 0 0 - 98.50
85 .5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
7 7 . 5 0 - 94.00
81 .5 0 -1 1 0 .5 0
8 4 . 0 0 - 98.50
8 1 . 0 0 - 90.50
6 8 . 0 0 - 84.50

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A SS A -------------MAN UF AC TU R IN G ----------------------NONMA NU FAC TUR ING -----------------F I N A N C E 4------------------------------

410
59
351
242

38.5
39.0
38.5
38.5

83.00
90.00
82.00
80.00

82.00
89.50
80.50
79.50

7 3 .5 0 8 5 . 5C73.0072.50-

C L E R K S , F I L E , C LA SS B —
NONMANUFAC T U R I N G ------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3—
WHOL ES ALE TRADE ----R E T A I L TRADE ---------F I N A N C E 4-------------------

1 ,355
1,308
97
167
87
882

38.5
38.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
38.0

69.50
67.00
69.00
67.00
93.50 100.00
79.50
81.00
73.50
72.50
63.50
64.00

6 1 . 5 0 - 76.00
6 1 . 5 0 - 75.00
80 .5 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
7 1 . 0 0 - 8 6 .OC
7 1 . 0 0 - 74.00
5 9 . 0 0 - 68.50

10
10
-

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L AS S C —
NONMANUF AC T U R I N G -----F I N A N C E 4-------------------

734
734
491

38.5
38.5
38.0

60.00
60.00
57.50

57.50
57.50
57.00

C L E R K S , URCER ----------------MAN UF AC TU R IN G -----------NCNMA NU FAC TUR ING ------WHOL ES ALE TRADE ----R E T A I L TRADE ----------

544
172
372
294
78

40.0
98.50
99.00
39.5
98.50
95.00
40.0
98.00 100.00
40.0 102.50 101.00
40.0
81.50
81.00

S ee fo o tn o te s

at end o f ta b le .




39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5

89.00
97.00
88.00
90.50
94.00
81.50

87.50
97.50
86.50
89.00
96.00
81.50

81 .0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0
8 0 . 5 0 - 98.50
83 .0 0 -1 0 1 .5 0
85 .00 -1 0 6 .0 0
7 5 .5 0 - 88.00

103.00
93 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
112.50 10 5.0 0-123.00
99.50
90 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
112.00 1C5.00- 125.00
92 .5 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
102.00
90 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
103.50
8 8 . 0 0 -1 0 0 .5 0
94.00

90.50
99.00
89.00
85.50

-

3

-

3

9
l
8

“
54
3
51
17
5
29

54
3
51
8
2
36

18

15

122
15
107
41
10
33

41
6
35
4
2
22

38
9
29
18
5
6

92
5
€7
78
6

28
13
15

2
1
1

12
10
2

-

9

15

-

-

-

-

-

54

165
19
146
4
32
13
68

165
26
139
4
9
3
74

21C
50
16C
1C
50
13
31

ie9
67
122
15
31
9
32

140
84
56
31

-

-

-

-

1

18

-

-

15
3

54
3

16

-

-

2

2
6

2
35

155
14
141
5
14
18
80

168
21
147
11
8
33
75

200
46
154
68
9
30
41

553
90
463
124
35
190
84

371
89
282
40
72
45
90

146
50
96
9
28
26
12

263
147
116
28
44
26
17

1 £8
77
111
68
17
16

95
54
41
14
15
12

54
1
53
39

63
1
62
56

57
19
38
32

42
8
34
16

43
6
37
14

11
5
6

7
3
4

33
32
7
24
1

8
7
6

14
14
13
1

1

_

103
2
101
54
6
36

.
-

9

-

63
27
36
6
11
10
7

171
99
72
19
8
2
17

54
36
16
5
8

13
4
9
9

a

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

93
35
58
19
14
23

67
44
23
22
1

33
17
16
9
7

75
4
71
71

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
—
-

-

5
5

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
_

_
-

_
_

31
31
31

3
3
3

1
1
1

_
_

_

_

-

-

_

_
_
_

_
_

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

9
9

31
13
18
18

4
_
_

-

18
5

-

-

-

-

-

2

22

-

-

-

-

6

40

147

-

-

-

1

43

1
1

43
33

84
11
73
51

265
263
5
39
5
186

170
168
6
15
72
75

136
129
12
22
9
61

86
82
11
45

48
29
2
20

26

7

26
26
2

4

6
6

_
-

3
3

8
8

3
3

2
2

5

37
34
3
2
1

55
40
15
14

129
28
101
101

142
8
134
134

34
18
16
15
1

15
6
9
2
7

-

-

—

-

6

157
157

311
300

-

-

-

-

10

82

157

278

5 4 . 5 0 - 61.50
5 4 .5 0 - 61.50
5 3 . 0 0 - 61.00

36
36
36

167
167
137

320
32C
177

85
85
83

50
50

24
24

44

ll

92 .00 -1 0 4 .0 0
89 .50 -1C7.00
95 .5 0 -1 0 3 .5 0
9 8 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
7 3 . 5 0 - 84.00

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

8
1
7

20
1
19

-

-

5

47
10
37

7

19

5

37

-

82
82

-

-

4

-

l
-

-

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

2

6

2
2

6
6

_

1

l

-

4

_
-

_
_
_
_

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., January 1965)
W e e k l y earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
*
workers

Averag e
weekl y
hours1
(standard)

N u m ber
$

$
45

Mean 2

M e di an 2

Mi d d l e range 2

$
50

55

$
60

$
65

of w o rk e rs

$
70

$
75

receivin g
S

80

S
85

s tra ig h t-tim e
$

90

$
95

w ee k ly

$
100

earn in gs

S
105

110

of—

$

$
115

$
120

$
130

$
140

S
15C

50

CLERKS,

-

$
1 0 4.00

$
1 0 2.50

$
$
9 0 .5 0 -1 1 3 .5 0

160

170

over

-

-

114

95

41

36

39

-

—

1

1

3

7

14

36

35

11

36

64

38

17

22

25

3

_

—
-

—

-

-

—

21

23

78

60

62

25

45

44

24

14

28

36

_

—

_

1G6

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 4 1 .0 0

-

4

U T I L I T I E S 3--------------

-

_
_

-

_
_

3 9 .0

1 2 0.00

1 1 6.00

----------------

1C7

3 9 .5

109.00

1 0 8.00

T R A O E -------------------------

98

4 0 .0

9 1 .5 0

8 9 .0 0

TRAOE

-

-

-

—

-

-

_

_

1

83

3 9 .0

9 7 .0 0

9 7 .0 0

8 8 .5 0 -1 C 6 .0 0

1 ,1 8 6

3 9 .5

9 6 .5 0

9 7 .0 0

8 4 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

-------------------------------------

439

3 9 .5

1 0 3.00

-

9 4 .5 0 -1 1 6 .0 0

-

-

747

3 9 .5

9 2 .5 0

8 8 .0 0

8 0 .5 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

176

3 9 .5

1 0 9.00

1 0 7.50

1 C 5 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0

-

—
-

—
—
-

1

-

-----------------------------------------------------

255

3 9 .5

9 0 .0 0

8 3 .0 0

7 4 .5 0 -

9 8 .0 0

----------------------------------

265

4 0 .0

8 6 .0 0

8 6 .0 0

8 1 .0 0 -

CR

—

A

3 9 .5

8 3 .5 0

8 0 .0 0

7 4 .0 0 -

8 8 .5 0

-

-

-

-

3 9 .C

9 4 .5 0

9 1 .5 0

8 6 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0

_

_

_

—

—
—

-

-

—
—
-

9 3 .0 0

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0

3 9 .0

9 4 .5 0

9 1 .0 0

8 5 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

185

4 0 .0

11 0.50

1 1 0.00

9 9 . C O - 1 3 1 . 50

154

4 0 .0

298

TRAOE

-------------------

3 9 .0

9 6 .0 0

9 6 .0 0

9 3 .0 0

8 7 .0 0

8 6 .0 0

8 1 .0 0 -

9 1 .5 0

9 0 .0 0

8 8 .0 0

8 3 .0 0 -

9 6 .5 0

-

3 9 .5

8 6 .0 0

8 4 .5 0

7 5 .0 0 -

9 3 .5 0

-

_
-

-

-

1 ,5 5 1

CLASS

B

-----------------

8 8 .5 0 -1 0 3 .5 0

402

3 9 .0

8 9 .5 0

8 8 .0 0

8 2 .0 0 -

9 4 .5 0

---------------------------------------

1 ,1 4 5

3 9 .5

8 5 .0 0

8 2 .5 0

7 2 .5C-

9 2 .5 0

U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------------------

374

3 9 .5

9 9 .0 0

1 0 5.50

8 4 .0 0 -1 1 0 .5 0

—
-

135

8 2 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

8 2 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

7 6 .0 0 7 8 .5 0 -

8 7 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

—

7 5 .5 0

7 3 .5 0

6 7 .5 0 -

8 3 .5 0

6 4 .5 0 -

7 7 .0 0

------------------------------------------------

RETAIL TRAOE --------------------------------

7C

4 C .0
3 9 .5

F I N A N C E 4 -----------------------------------------------------------

490

3 9 .0

WHOLESALE

TRACE

-------------------------------------

-

17

6

12

19

8

5

14

-

2

-

22

90

69

152

152

77

84

125

169

37

I l l

62

15

22

-

-------------------

N C N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

-----------

U T I L I T I E S 3—

-

-

8

24

40

40

28

1C6

40

26

110

16

61

128

112

37

56

19

149

11

1

46

15

-

6

1

3

10

13

112

5

1

10

15

-

-

36

-

8

34

4

9

12

2

28

—
—

6

—
-

20

11

8

11

2

-

2

6

1

61

56

203

386

191

159

167

72

115

—
61

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
—

-

-

•
-

-

“
146

164

37

11

78

15

18

61

18

16

4

11

61

-

-

-

10

43

41

7

21

11

8

6

7

8

22

22

9

2

3

6

2

-

-

32

134

195

68

54

61

15

45

5

-

~

-

-

-

136

285

261

115

43

61

117

42

92

3

_

_

_

_

_

33

5

4

33

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

-

—
_
_

_
_
_

743

306

164

30

36

66

100

66

16

100

219

161

49

27

-

-

4

2

28

112

38

59

10

8

21

70

40

2

—

22

1C5

37

59

8

16

20

43

22

9

2

1

7

1

16

11

21

36

74

57

26

3 9 .0

57

88

64

87

169

3 8 .5

7 3 .0 0

7 2 .5 0

6 8 .0 0 -

7 7 .5 0

-

-

—

12

51

41

51

8

3 9 .5

6 9 .0 0

6 7 .5 0

6 1 .0 0 -

7 6 .5 0

16

30

45

37

23

36

18

4 0 .0

8 1 .5 0

7 8 .5 0

7 6 .0 0 -

8 3 .5 0

—

-

-

8

29

6

6 0 .0 0 -

54

7 0 .0 0

16

30

—

-

-

24

32

_

_

_

_

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

1 ,8 7 0

3 9 .0

1 1 4.50

1 1 4.00

1 0 2 .0 0 -1 2 4 .5 0

—

—

1

3 ,4 6 3

3 9 .0

1 0 6.00

1 0 3.50

9 4 .5 0 -1 1 6 .0 0

—
-

—

N C N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

—
—

—
—
—

—
—
-

-

-

-

-

-

-----------

3 9 .0

11 7.00

115.50

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 3 0 .5 0

628

3 9 .0

10 9.50

1 0 6 .5 0

9 7 .0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

—

-------------

338

3 9 .5

10 5.00

1 0 3.00

9 6 .0 0 -1 1 3 ,5 0

—

F I N A N C E 4 ----------------------------

1 ,3 7 6

3 9 .0

1 02.00

1 0 1 .5 0

9 3 .0 0 -1 0 9 .0 0

U T I L I T I E S 3—
TRADE

--------

GENERAL
------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3TRADE

—

420

M ANUFACTU RING
—

-

F I N A N C E 4 -------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.

2
20

10

5

3

5

2

-

—

3
3

3
3

5

3
3

5

1
1

5

3
200

619

744

587

440

502

64

30

1

6

17

64

130

162

2C5

2C8

172

228

364

178

75

35

24

19

14

183

256

320

422

457

539

379

268

274

375

128

89

49

6

1

I

—

552

8

1

12

20

7

14

58

41

40

25

—

—

35

41

46

84

53

55

56

46

54

36

26

14

1

4

5

28

40

39

82

32

35

25

34

5

4

3

8

3

87

104

219

194

262

154

98

99

79

24

4

-

14

_

36

46

60

51

3 9 .0

9 0 .5 0

8 9 .5 0

8 3 .0 0 -

9 8 .0 0

-

490

380

258

217

910

3 9 .5

9 4 .5 0

9 3 .5 0

8 7 .5 0 -1 0 1 .5 0

-

-

—

-

-

27

11

94

195

181

133

134

58

74

3

1 ,4 3 1

3 9 .0

8 8 .5 0

8 7 .0 0

8 1 .0 C -

-

21

120

156

298

295

199

125

£3

31

58

10

3 9 .5

9 7 .0 0

9 4 .0 0

8 2 .5 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

9

16

89

28

10

10

35

22

49

8

13

3 8 .5

9 5 .5 0

9 4 .5 0

9 0 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0

—
—

3

1C3

—

-

8

3C6

-

-

-

-

6

19

30

20

16

3

7

2

-

-

_

-

-

9 8 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0

—
—

—
—

8 4 .0 0 -

“

2 ,3 4 1

9 4 . 5C

832

3 9 .0

8 4 .5 0

8 5 .0 0

7 7 .5 0 -

3 9 .0

1 0 0.00

9 8 .0 0

9 0 .C 0 -1 C 8 .5 0

3 9 .0

1 0 4.50

1 0 3.00

9 4 .5 0 -1 1 4 .5 0

9 7 .5 0

9 5 .0 0

8 8 .5 0 -1 C 5 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0

1 ,2 8 7

U T IL IT IE S 3

7
20

-

13

_

670

SEN IC R

1

3
28

_

1 ,5 5 7

F I N A N C E 4 ----------------------------

32

3 9 .C

257

3 9 .5

1 08.00

10 3.50

235

3 9 .0

1 0 6.50

1 0 7.50

478

3 9 .0

8 9 .5 0

9 0 .5 0

-

9 0 .0 0

9 7 .0 0

—

—

8

-

18
54

25

216

7 0 .5 0

—
_
_
_
_

28
135

14

134

—

—
—

36
123

13

9

104

—
_
-

47
144

14

137

6

_

75

l

107

-

_

311

71

—

-

_

-

—

59

-

_

37

2

-

-

166

14

—

61

7

—

72

20

9

7
54

26

49

—

“
14

10

-

—
—
—
-

-

6 8 .0 0




_

10

9 7 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

TRACE

19

1

17

6 4 .0 0

WHOLESALE

35

1

2

91

106.50

N C N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

8

16

3

52

6 4 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS,

6

8

3

67

109.00

WHOLESALE

6

21

27

3 9 .0

N C N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

19

6
6

31

3 9 .0

M ANUFACTU RING

16

17
11

10

100

STENOGRAPHERS,

2

16
13

68

5 ,3 3 3

TRACE

—

10

1
48

—

----------------------------------

F I N A N C E 4 ------------------------------

WHOLESALE

90

385

G I R L S -----------

M ANUFACTU RING

6

_

1 ,2 1 9

-------------------------------

N C N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

-

4

12

61

-----------------------

M ANUFACTU RING

—

1 ,5 1 7

--------------------

CLASS

U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------

OPERATORS,

-

1

OPERATORS

D IT T O !

TRACE

1

-

8 9 .5 C

TRAOE

TRACE

10 3.50

-

-

U T I L I T I E S 3-----------------------

53

-

3

-

82

-

3

—

73

-

_

9 6 .0 0

-----------------------

OPERATORS

-

9 8 .0 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
8 6 .5 0 -

3 8 .0

P U B LIC

15C

-

3 8 .0

P U B LIC

14C

-

81

RE TA IL

130

-

663

P U B LIC

1C9

120

9 2 .5 0 -1 1 3 .5 0

----------------------------

SEC R ETAR IES

61

115

8 9 .5 0 -1 1 3 .5 0

F I N A N C E 4------------------------------------------

PU B LIC

37

110

9 9 .0 0

WHOLESALE

O FFIC E

28

1C5

1 06.00

N C N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

PU B LIC

7

100

10 4.50

M ANLFACTU RING

KEYPUNCH

1

95

10 3.50

OPERATORS,

R E TA IL

90

2 9 .5

O U P L 1 C A T I N G —M A C H I N E

P U B LIC

85

3 9 .0

WHOLESALE

IM IM E C G R A PH

80

3 9 .5

N C N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

KEYPUNCH

75

777

----------------------------

M AN LFAC T U R IN G

R E TA IL

70

313

-------------------------------

f I N A N C E 4 ---------------------------------------

PUB LIC

65

464

WHOLESALE

COMPTOMETER

6C

-------------------

PAYROLL

N G N M A NUFA CTUR ING

R E TA IL

55

CO N T IN U ED

M A N UFACTU R ING
PU B LIC

17C
and

-

under

WOMEN

$
16C

and

21

147

167

392

89

8

18

108

137

148

201

100

79

31

24

37

10

96

301

337

266

253

182

13

13

-

-

-

13

14
14

-

-

-

1

1

-

_

_

—

_

-

_
-

-

_

_

_

-

_
—
_

-

2

12

132

2

-

1

_

12

—
12

24

—
24

149

92

143

11

44

—

20

53

100

105

1C1

53

80

57

59

2

-

37

10

76

248

237

161

152

129

65

35

44

5

44

—
—

—
-

-

63

22

15

41

30

16

9

11

8

42

_
-

4

14

20

30

24

56

35

22

1

_

-

37

10

45

103

99

73

45

2C

9

1

-

29

~

—
—

~

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , San F r a n c is c c r-O a k la n d , C a li f . , J a n u a ry 1965)

Weekly earnings1
(standard)
N
Sex, occupation, and industry division

U1
of
w
oricers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Num ber of w o rk ers rec eiving straight -tim e w eekly earnings of—

$

S
45

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

S
50

55

$

S
60

65

*
70

$
75

$
80

$
85

S
90

$
95

$
ICO

$
1C5

$

%

110

115

$
12 C

S
13C

$
140

$
150

$
160

and
under

17C
and

50

WGMEN

SM ITCH 8GA RC

-

OPERATORS,

CLASS

A

-

------------------------------------------

NCNM ANUFACTLR1NG

---------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------------2
*

F I N A N C E 4 -----------------------------------------------------

SW ITCH BO A RC

OPERATORS,

M ANUFACTU RING

CLASS

B 5 ---------

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

N O N M ANU FA CTLR IN G
P U B LIC

U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------------------

RE TA IL

TRADE

----------------------------------------------

F I N A N C E 4 -----------------------------------------------------------S WITCH EOARC

O P E R A T C R - R E C E P T I C N I ST S-

M A N UFACTU R ING

-------------------------------------------------

NCN M AN UFACTLR ING
P U B LIC

----------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3-----------------------------------

W HOLESALE

TRADE

-------------------------------------

F I N A N C E 4 ------------------------------------------------------------

T A BU L ATIN G -M AC H IN E
CLASS

E

NONM ANU FACTLRIN G

-------------------------------

4

U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------------

C

F IN A N C E '—
TR A N SC R IBIN G -M AC H IN E
GENERAL

----------------------------------------

NONM ANU FACTLRIN G

--------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------------

WHOLESALE

TRADE

-----------------------------

F I N A N C E 4 --------------------------------------------------TY PIST S,

CLASS

A

----------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------NONM ANU FACTLRIN G
PU B LIC

--------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------------

WHOLESALE

TRADE

-----------------------------

F I N A N C E 4 ---------------------------------------------------

TY PIST S,

CLASS

B

----------------------------------------

M A NUFACTU RING

----------------------------------------

NONM ANU FACTURING
PU BLIC
RE TA IL

--------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------------

WHOLESALE

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

1C 5

110

115

120

130

14C

15C

160

1 70

-

—
-

-

6
6
—
6

13
13
13

13
13
9

92
4
88
10

36
4
32
3
16

52
19
33
2
19

31
12
19
2
9

57
13
44
11

39
12
27
18
7

43
20
23
20
2

11
4
7
4

16
13
3
1
-

3
1
2
1
-

16
16
16

—
-

-

-

_
_
-

over

$
38-5
9 2.00
39.5
9 9.50
38.5
89.50
39.5 1 09.50
38.5
84 .5 0

$
9 0.50
100.00
8 6.50
107.00
8 5.00

$
$
79 .0 0-1 0 3.00
8 9.50-108.50
7 8 .0 0 - 99.50
102.50-130.50
7 4 .5 0 - 94 .0 0

578
81
4 97
32
97
147

3 9.0
39 .0
39.0
39 .5
4 0.0
39 .5

83 .5 0
89 .0 0
82 .5 0
102.50
81.50
8 1.50

8 1.50
8 9.50
80.50
101.50
8 2.00
83.00

7 6 .5 0 - 8 8.50
8 1 .5 0 - 9 7.50
7 6 .0 0 - 87.00
9 1.00-118.00
7 6 .5 0 - 84.00
7 5 .0 0 - 88.00

_
—
-

_
-

1
1
—
1

4
4
4

14
14
14

79
11
68
23
18

158
6
152
5
17

113
11
102
1
54
32

92
14
78
6
9
44

30
1
29
5
4
10

51
37
14
2
6

20
2C
6
1
1

4
1
3
-

2
2
1

5
5
5
-

5
5
5
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_

810
267
543
53
273
106

39.0
89 .5 0
3 9.5
9 0 .5 0
38 .5
8 9.00
39.5 103.50
39 .5
9 2.50
37 .5
79.50

8 7.50
88 .0 0
8 7.50
111.00
94.50
8 1.50

8 0 .0 0 - 97.50
8 0 .5 0 - 98.00
8 0 .0 0 - 9 7.50
91.50-114.00
8 5 .5 0 - 9 9.00
7 5 .0 0 - 84.50

_
~

_
~

_
~

10
10
10

17
17
17
~

51
6
45
18
16

124
59
65
3
11
17

100
25
75
4
17
40

190
74
116
5
54
23

46
16
30
5
22

130
38
92
5
81

42
2C
22
16

17
3
14
11

26
2
24
23
1

25
21
4
4
-

32
3
29
4
25

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
_
_
_
_

371
00
291
178
70

39.5
99.00
4 0 .0 110.50
39.5
9 5 .5 0
4 0.0
9 5.00
92 .0 0
39 .0

9 9.00
109.50
96.00
9 5.50
89.50

8 8.50-104.50
98.50-122.50
8 7 . C O - 1 0 2 . 50
8 6 .50-102.50
8 5 .5 0 - 9 8.00

_

_

_

_

_

1

5

34

80

—
~

-

-

”

-

5
3
2

34
22
12

80
57
22

36
16
20
7
11

38
6
32
5
9

52
3
£5
76
1C

31
18
13
-

16
6
8
6
“

6
1
5
2
-

20
17
3
2

1C
5
1

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

2
2
_
_
-

_
_
_

~

1
1

-

-

_
-

_
-

7
7
-

33
33

56
3
53

_
-

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

7

21

6
38

28
1
27
2
1
22

23
2
21
19

-

53
2
51
11
13
21

12
1
11
5

-

81
3
78
7
17
43

7
l
6

-

183
41
142
12
30
92

7
7

-

65
14
51
1
41

6

7

2

6

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

58
3
55
55

96
9
87
4
81

213
22
191
31
12
142

3 68
59
3 09
37
32
196

383
43
340
16
54
196

204
16
188
15
49
87

110
34
76
9
2
51

63
30
33
17
9

45
10
35
7
5
8

24
13
11
4
1
6

25
8
17
14
2
-

2
2
2
_
-

16

1

58
58
—
58

16
16
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
—
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

228
228
12

359
359
5
4

6 83
46
637
10
34
l
555

753
171
582
10
15
14
377

409
97
312
77
63
25
119

502
120
382
33
80
31
147

163
60
103

52
34
18
7

21
8
13
13

15

19
2
17
15

_
-

1
1
1

_
-

_
_
_

.
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

2

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

OPERATORS,

---------------------------------------------------------------

M ANUFACTU RING
PU B LIC

65

426
102
326
63
106

OPERATORS,

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING---------------------------P U B LIC

60

CONTIN UED

M ANUFACTU RING
PU B LIC

55

TRADE

-----------------------------

T R A D E -------------------------------------

F I N A N C E 4 ---------------------------------------------------

555
68
487
57
67
306

38.5
3 9 .0
38.5
39.0
39.0
38.0

84.50
8 2 .5 0
84.50
97.00
84.50
8 3.50

83.00
82.00
8 3.50
94.00
8 4.50
82.50

7 8 .5 0 - 8 9.50
8 0 .0 0 - 8 4.00
7 8 .0 0 - 9 0.00
86 .0 0-1 1 1.50
8 2 .0 0 - 8 9.50
7 6 .5 0 - 88.50

_
-

1,666
247
1,419
172
157
690

38.5
39.5
38.5
39.5
38.5
38 .5

86.00
91.50
8 5.00
9 5.00
87.50
82.00

8 5.50
8 8.50
85.00
89.50
88.00
83.00

8 0 .0 0 - 9 2.00
82.5 0-1 0 0.00
7 9 .0 0 - 90.50
81.00-105.50
8 4 .5 0 - 9 2.00
7 6 .0 0 - 88.50

-

-

3,213
538
2,675
179
213
113
1 ,8 1 1

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
38.5

7 3.00
78.50
7 2.00
83.00
7 6.00
83.00
68 .5 0

72.00
77.50
71.00
79.00
78.50
82.50
6 8.00

66.5 07 2 .5 06 5 .5 07 6 .5 07 1 .0 07 7 .5 06 3 .5 0 -

_
-

8
8

79.50
8 4.00
78.00
85.00
82.00
87.00
7 3.00

-

-

-

8

-

-

-

216

350

-

3
35
38

-

-

-

-

-

15
8
2
5

1

-

_
_
_
_

-

1

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2
The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all wo rkers and dividing by the number of workers.
The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more
than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown.
The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the wo rk er s earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than
the higher rate.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
5 Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area.
See appendix A.




9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e ra g e straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a re a basis
by industry division, San F ran cisco—
Oakland, C alif. , January 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Number
of
workers

Number of workers receiving stfaight-time weekly earnings of —

$

$

$

t

$

S

t

t

$

ii

%

S

i

$

$

ii

ii

$

$
J
$
,180
190
200

HEN

85

9C

95

IO C

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

16C

170

85

Sex, occupation, and industry division

90

95

ICC

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

170

180

190

200

18

A3

47

44

36

11

21

4

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

15
15
“

10

-

2
2
-

15

-

1
1

6
6

9
8

11
10

38
36

21
6

21
8

5
4

13

-

1

3

3
-

3
3

4
4
-

62
47
15
~

77
42
35
10

57
29
28
2C

89
54
35
26

28
24
4
1

26
21
7
7

2e
15
13
11

18
15
3

-

69
35
34
24

25
15
10

-

69
57
12
5

-

3
3

26
24
2
1

-

-

1
1

13
13
-

_

-

2
1
1
1

-

-

80
Median 2

Mean2

Middle range 2

and
under

CRAFTSMEN, C L A S S A3---------------------------------MANUrACTUKINb ------------ — --------------------NGNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4---------------------------

266
141
125
81

$
$
$
$
39.5 160.50 1 5 8.00 1 5 1 .0 0 -1 7 1 .0 0
1/.C
ca
3 9.5 157.50
4C.0 164.00 159.50 1 5 5 .5 C -1 7 2 .5 C
40.0 158.00 157.00 1 5 3.0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0

CRAFTSMEN, C L A S S B3---------------------------------MA NU FAC TU RIN G -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4--------------------------

608
402
2C6
116

40.0
39.5
4 0.0
4 0 .0

134.50
134.00
135.00
1 3 5 . 0C

133.50
132.50
134.50
137.50

123.00-144.00
121.00-144.50
127.00-143.00
128.00-143.50

CRAFTSMEN, C L A S S C 3 -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

197
149

3 9.5
39.5

106.50
106.00

104.50
103.50

9 4 .00-115.00
9 3 .50-113.50

2
2

20
20

35
22

16
14

28
26

20
16

27
18

11
5

15
8

7
2

4
4

3
3

6
6

WCMEN
NU R SE S, IN C U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

134
101

39.5
40 .0

116.50
118.50

117.00
119.50

1C 4.00-128.00
105.00-129.00

-

-

1

9
3

29
23

16
9

6
3

18
15

9
8

23
20

13
12

6
5

3
3

1
2
3
4

~

~

DC

-

1

-

1

6
6
~

~

-

-

-

_

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Standard hours reflect the workweek fo r which em ployees receive their re gu lar straight-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
F o r definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
D escription for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e ra g e straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings, for selected occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry division, San F ran cisco—
Oakland, C a lif., January 1965)

of

N um ber

BILLERS, MACHINE ( BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) --------------------------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------RETAIL TRACE ---------------------------------8CCKKEEPING-MACHINE CPERATCRS*
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------

S e e fo o tn o tes at end of ta b le .




W e e k ly
h o u rs 1
( s ta n d a rd )

W e e k ly
e a rn in g s 1
( s ta n d a rd )

Occupation and industry division

342
293
107

17C
134
99

27C
108

162
92

of
w o rk e rs

W e e k ly
( s ta n d a rd )

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -------------------------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U TI LI T I E S 2--------------------------

Average

A v e ra g e

A v e ra g e
N um ber

Occupation and industry division

-

CONTINUED

$
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS E — —— — — — — —— ——
—
——— — — — —
101.00
4 0 .0
MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------40. C 105.50
117.50
3 9 .5
NCNMANUFAC TUR ING ------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------------87.00
39.5
F INANCE3------------------------------------------------------86.50
4 0 .0
8 6 . 0 0 CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------4 0 .0
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------39.0 103.00
PUBLIC U T IL I TI E S 2-------------------------I C O .00
39.5
WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------39.0 105.00
RETAIL TRA0E ---------------------------------38.5
113.50
FINANCE3--------------------------------------------

W e e k ly
e a rn in g s 1
( s ta n d a rd )

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CONTINUED
$

52
175

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
40 .0
39.5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------------$
89.00
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTIRING -----------------------------97.00
88.00
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2
-------------------------------90.50
WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------------94.00
RETAIL TRA0 E ------------------------------------------81.50
FINANCE3-------------------------------------------------------

2,842
809
2,C33
636
315
403
540

39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
38.0

92.00
97.50
89.50
102.50
91.50
86.00
77.00

2,320
951
1,369
249
249
1C1
519

3 9 .C
39.5
38.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
38.0

111.50 CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A ------------------------120.50
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------105.00
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------FINANCE3-------------------------------------------118.50
108.00
104.00
99.50

414
59
355
242

38.5
39.0
38.5
38.5

83.50
90.00
82.00
80.00

574
68

506
220

210

10
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined--- Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a r y 1965)
O

Average
W e e k ly

of
w o r k e rs

O FF IC E

O C C U PA TIO N S

-

38.5
39.0
38 .5
3 9.5
39 .5
40.0
38.0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C ---------------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING --------------------------------F INANCE 3------------------------------------------------

754
7 54
49 7

3 8 .5
38 .5
38.0

C L E R K S , UR CER ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------R E T A I L TRADE -------------------------------------

1 ,2 9 7
36 7
53C
817
113

40 .€
3 9 .5
4 0.0
40.0
4 0.0

C L E R K S , PAYRO LL ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTLR I N G --------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------R E T A I L TRADE ------------------------------------F INANCE 3------------------------------------------------

513
364
545
157
115
95
86

39.5
39.5
39.5
39 .5
3 9.5
40.0
39 .0

1,186
4 35
747
176
255
26 5

39.5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9.5
39.5
4 0 .0

65

3 9.5

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------P U e L I C U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------R E T A I L TRACE ------------------------------------F I N A N C E 3------------------------------------------------

1,525
310
1,215
185
154
81
663

3 9.0
38.5
3 9 .C
40.0
4 0.0
38 .0
3 8 .C

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------P U E L I C U T I L I T I E S 2--------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------R E T A I L TRADE -----------------------------F INANCE 3-----------------------------------------

1 ,5 5 5
403
1,152
376
136
70
49C

39 .5
3 9 .0
39 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39.5
3 9 .0

CUPL I C A T I N G - M A C h I N E OPERATORS
{ MIMECGRAPh OR D I T T O ) -------------

Occupation and industry division

N um ber

O CCU PA TIO NS

-

W e e k ly

h o u rs 1

1,136
379
757
124
66
4 22

28.5
28 .5
3 8 .5
3 9.5
39.0
38.5

70.50
7 3 .0 0
6 9 .5 0
8 3.00
6 9 .5 0
66.00

5 , 35C
1 ,8 7 3
3,477
4 34
628
338
1,376

39.0
3 9 .C
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
39 .0
39.5
39 .0

109.00
114.50
106.00
117.50
109.50
1C5 .0 0
102.00

2 ,352
910
1,442
317
1C3
832

3 9 .0
39.5
39.0
39 .5
38 .5
3 9.0

9 1.00
9 4.50
88 .5 0
9 7.50
9 5.50
84.50

1 ,9 6 C
670
l » 2 9C
26C
235
478

3 9.0
39 .0
2 9 .C
39.5
3 9 .C
39.0

100.00
104.50
9 7 .5 0
108.00
1 C 6.50
8 9 .50

430
102
32 8
63
106

38 .5
39.5
38 .5
39 .5
3 8 .5

9 2.00
9 9 .5 0
8 9.50
109.50
8 4.50

SW ITC HE CA RC O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S 8 4 -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------94.50
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------------9 5 .50
R E T A I L T R A C E ------------------------------------F I N A N C E 3-----------------------------------------------9 4 .5 0
110.50
9 6 . 0 0 SWITCH EGARC O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S MANUFAC T U R I N G --------------------------------------87 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------8 6 .0 0
F I N A N C E 3-----------------------------------------------8 9 .5 0
85.00
9 9 . 0 0 TA B U LA TI N G - M A CH IN E O P E R A T O R S ,
C L A S S A --------------------------------------------------------82.00
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------85.00
NO NM AN UFACTURING---------------------------- —
75 .5 0
F IN A N C E 3------------------------------------------------

578
81
497
32
97
147

3 9 .C
39.0
3 9 .0
39.5
40 .0
39.5

8 3.50
89.00
82.50
102.50
81.50
8 1.50

E1C
267
543
53
273
106

3 9 .0
39 .5
38 .5
39.5
39.5
3 7 .5

8 9 .50
9 0 .50
89.00
103.50
92.50
7 9 .5 0

221
67
154
91

39.0
39.5
3 9 .C
38.5

122.50
130.00
119.50
113.50

Occupation and industry division

e a rn in g s 1
(s t a n d a rd )

of
w o r k e rs

CONTIN UED

$
7 0 . 0 0 O F F I C E BOYS ANC G I R L S -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------8 1 .00
NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------6 9 .5 0
P U B L I C UT I L I T I E S 2---------------------------94.00
WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------79.50
F IN A N C E 3-----------------------------------------------73 .5 0
64 .0 0
S E C R E T A R I E S -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------6 0 .50
NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------6 0.50
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------5 7 .5 0
WHOLESALE TRACE -----------------------------R E T A I L T R A C E ---------------------------- -------113.50
F INANCE3 -----------------------------------------------113.50
114.00
1 1 5 . 5 0 S TE N O GR A PH ER S, GENERAL -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------100.00
NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------------WHOLESALE TRACE -----------------------------107.50
F IN ANCE3-----------------------------------------------109.50
1 0 6 . 0 0 S TE N O GR A PH ER S, SE NI O R ---------------------------123.00
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------109.00
NCNMANUFACTLRING -------------------------------9 1 .5 0
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------------98.50
WHOLESALE TRACE -----------------------------F INANC E3 -----------------------------------------------96.50
1 0 3 . 0 0 SW I T CFfcCARC O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A4 -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------92.50
109.00
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------9 0 .00
P U E L I C U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------F INANCE 3-----------------------------------------------86.00
8 3 .0 0

W e e k ly
(s t a n d a rd )

O FF IC E

CO NTIN UED

1 ,354
63
1,331
116
167
87
886

1
2
3
4

W e e k ly

hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------1
WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------R E T A I L TRACE ------------------------------------F I N A N C E 3------------------------------------------------

COMPTOMETER OP ERATORS --------MANUFACTUR I N G -------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2--------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------R E T A I L T k ACE ------------------

Average

A v e ra g e
N um ber

N um ber

Occupation and industry division

W e e k ly

O FF IC E

O C C U PA TIO N S

-

h o u rs 1

W e e k ly
e a r n in g s 1

( s t a n d a rd )

w o r k e rs

( s ta n d a rd )

CO NTIN UED

TAEULATING-MACFINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B --------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------F IN A N C E 3------------------------------------------------

S9C
221
769
2 56
87
332

3 9 .5
3 9.5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39.5
3 9 .0

$
105.00
110.00
103.50
101.00
111.50
101.00

TA E U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R S,
C L A S S C --------------------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

IC S
99

3 9 .5
39 .5

9 3 .50
95.00

555
68
48 7
57
67
306

38 .5
3 9 .0
38 .5
3 9.0
39 .0
3 8 .C

84.50
8 2 .5 0
84.50
9 7.00
84.50
83.50

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------F IN A N C E 3------------------------------------------------

1,666
24 7
1,419
172
157
89C

38 .5
3 9.5
38.5
39.5
3 8.5
3 8.5

86.00
9 1 .50
85.00
95.00
8 7.50
8 2 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S 8 ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------R E T A I L TRADE ------------------------------------F IN A N C E 3------------------------------------------------

3,2 4 8
539
2 , 7C9
19C
2 30
113
1,811

3 9 .0
39.5
38 .5
29.5
3 8 .5
4 0.0
3 8.5

7 3.00
7 8 .5 0
7 2.00
8 3 . OC
7 6.00
8 3 .0 0
68.50

T R A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E C P E R A 7 C R S ,
G E N E R A L --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------------

PR O FESSIO N A L

AND

T E C H N IC A L

O C C U PA TIO N S

CRA FTSMEN, C L A S S A4----------------------------------MANLFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------P U E L I C U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------------

272
14b
126
82

39. 5
39.5
4 0 .C
40.0

16C.50
157.00
164.00
158.00

CRA FTSMEN, C L A S S 84----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------------

62 C
411
2C S
118

4 0.0
3 9 .5
4 0 .C
4 0.0

134.00
133.50
135.00
135.00

CRA FT SME N, C L A S S C4 ----------------------------------MANLFACTUR I N G ---------------------------------------

198
15C

39.5
3 9 .5

1 0 6 . 5C
105.50

N U R S E S , I N C t S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

134
101

3 9.5
40 .0

116.50
118.50

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their r eg ul ar straight-time sa la ri e s and the earnings co rrespond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and re al estate.
Description for this occupation has been re vised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




of

11
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r m en in s e le c te d o cc u p a tio n s s tu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o —O a k la n d , C a li f. , J a n u a ry 1965)

Number of work ers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

H o u r ly e a rn in g s 1

Occupation and industry division

N um ber
of
w o r k e rs

M ean2

M e d ia n 2

M i d d le r a n g e 2

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
%
S
2 . 6 C 2 . 7 C 2 . 8 0 2 . 9 C 3 . 0 C 3. 10 3 . 2 0 3 . 3 0 3 . 4 0 3 . 5 0 3 . 6 0 3 . 7 0
Under
and
$
2.60 unde r
2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2.9C

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTLRINC -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S3--------------------------

322
221
101
46

$
3.63
3.60
3.70
3.32

$
3.48
3.48
3.58
3.39

$
3.413.423.292.87-

$
3.78
3.70
4.35
3.62

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

787
616
171

3.65
3.64
3.65

3.52
3.48
3.82

3 . 3 5 - 3.82
3 . 3 8 - 3.66
3 . 5 4 - 3.86

ENGINEERS, STATICNARY -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

589
314
275

3.71
3.85
3.54

3.59
3.87
3.46

FIREMEN, STATICNARY BOILER ---------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

54
80

3.04
3.06

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

6C4
462

MACFINE-TCOL OPERATORS, TCCLRCCM —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

_
-

3 . 4 2 - 4 . CO
3 . 5 2 - 4.08
3 . 3 3 - 3.77

-

1

3.02
3.01

2 . 9 4 - 3.16
2 . 9 5 - 3.16

2
-

-

2.89
2.92

2.92
2.93

2 . 8 3 - 2.57
2 . 8 7 - 2.98

6
2

34
11

96
96

3.61
3.61

3.64
3.64

3 . 5 4 - 3.74
3 . 5 4 - 3.74

-

1,622
1,514

3.59
3.59
3.64

3.62
3.62
3.79

3 . 4 1 - 3.75
3 . 4 1 - 3.75
3 . 3 5 - 3.85

ic e

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ---------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S3-------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------

1,C84
199
€85
785
57

3.71
3.75
3.7C
3.70
3.66

3.70
3.83
3.69
3.69
3.74

3.623.503.633.633.45-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

1 ,CC3
938
65

3.58
3.59
3.42

3.51
3.52
3.43

3 . 3 2 - 3.74
3 . 3 1 - 3.75
3 . 3 6 - 3.45

MILLWRIGHTS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

155
152

3.63
3.63

3.72
3.72

3 . 6 3 - 3.76
3 . 6 4 - 3.76

MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

224
186

2.96
2.93

3.02
2.98

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 3--------------------------

370
194
176
31

3.64
3.57
3.72
3.36

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE-------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

46C
427

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------TOOL ANC DIE MAKERS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------ 1
4
3
2

1
2
3
4

3.85
3.90
3.84
3.83
3.84

_
-

22
5
17
17

_
-

6
4
2

1

1

1C

-

-

-

1

1

1C

2

_
-

2

_
-

-

4
4

38
36

76
13

129
125

-

-

-

-

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

1
_

2

-

-

~
_

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

28
23
5

16
5
11
7

103
98
5

-

45
45
~

164
141
23

8
6
2

57
12
45

62
7
55

8
7

31
24

_

286
239

31
30

27
27

10
10

_

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

70
70

33
32

~

~

17

24

4

$
$
S
$
4.4 0 4.5 0 4 .6 0 4.7C
and

3.9C 4.C C 4 .1 0 4 .2 0

-

2

-

2

_

1

-

28
19
9
8

17
16
l

l

23
12
11
9

151
149
2

113
99
14

63
46
17

2
-

2

171
75
96

102
45
57

74
36
38

11
8
3

7
1
6

53
58
35

_
-

4.3 0 4.4C 4.50 4 .6 0 4.7 C

_

_

1

-

-

“

~

-

8

5

-

24
21
3

66
56
10

16
-

4
4

16

-

over
_
-

9
9

~

-

_
~

—

3 . 2 C 3 . 3C 3 . 4 0 3 . 5 0 3 . 6 0 3 . 7 0 3 . 8 0

-

-

1

-

-

5
-

€
-

63
38
25
4

4

8

1
1

-

-

-

4

8

-

“

6
6

_
-

-

_
-

47
47

60
6C

_
-

2

-

_
-

_
-

-

2

-

-

-

5
5

16
16

-

16
16

34
34

13
13

15
15

287
23 9
48

30 6
306

59
59

393
389
4

146
53
53

6
6

25
25

_
-

4
4

7
7

7
7

8
8

_
-

~

253
251
2

18
18

“

43
22
21
3
4

46
25
21

49
11
38
38

363
4
359
359

23
8
15

2

-

-

2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

“

382
67
315
291
21

50
42
8

~

76
16
60
48
12

93
75
18

162
131
31

161
151
10

62
61
1

120
120

14
14

_
-

78
78

_
-

7
7

_
-

66
66

_
-

8
8

_
-

-

-

6
6
-

_
-

-

21

57
25
32

2

-

-

2

2

_
-

-

-

-

17
17

24
24

4
4

5
4
1
1

-

-

-

-

_
-

1
1

36
36

195
190

“

-

_
~

-

5

_

_

_
-

16
16

4
4

_

-

“

5
5

3
2

32
32

95
93

174
93
81
12

13
7
6
6

22
17
5
5

-

—

-

20

-

_

_

-

-

-

2 . 8 8 - 3.12
2 . 8 4 - 3.08

_

37
37

-

25
25

43
39

5C
50

69
35

3.46
3.46
3.48
3.47

3.413.403.423.39-

3.68
3.60
4.37
3.57

_

-

5
5

_
-

1
-

8
8

-

1
1

“

33
15
18

5

-

-

26
23
3
2

3.53
3.54

3.46
3.46

3.423.42-

3.45
3.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
10

52
24

302
302

2
2

72
69

83
76

3.82
3.85

3.47
3.48

3 . 4 3 - 3.65
3 . 4 3 - 4.51

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
5

44
44

-

-

-

9
7

452
492

3.98
3.98

4. 04
4. 04

3 . 9 0 - 4.10
3 . 9 0 - 4.10

-

_

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

~

4
4

9
9

17
17

11
11

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends,
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
A ll workers were at $4.90 to $5.




-

3.0C 3 .1 0

$
i
$
S
*
S
3.8C 3.5C 4 .0 C 4 .1 0 4 .2 0 4 .3C

-

holidays,

_

and late shifts.

-

-

-

21

2

20
20

1

4 20
20
45
45

36
36

53
53

195
195

69
69

32
32

7
7

14
14

-

_
-

_
-

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a li f . , J a n u a ry 1965)
O

Hourly earnings 2

N u m ber

of w o rk e rs

receivin g

s tra ig h t-tim e

h o u rly

earn in gs

of—

$

Occupation1 and industry division
workers

4

t

4

4

$

S

$

4

$

$

$

$

$

i

$

4

$

$

$

$

s

1 .7 C

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 C

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 C

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 C

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 . CO

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 C

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

over

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

Under
M e a n3

M e di an 3

Middl e range3

and

$

and

under

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

ELEVATCR OPERATORS, PASSENGER --------NONMANUFACTORING ------------------------------

97

$
2 .2 7

$
2 .3 6

$
2 .0 0 -

$
2 .4 5

-

-

-

25

-

4

9

20

34

5

85

2 .2 7

2 .3 7

1 .9 9 -

2 .4 5

~

“

~

25

"

~

4

20

34

2

_

_

_

9

ELEVATOR OPERATORS, PASSENGER

_

135

2 .2 7

2 .4 2

1 .9 5 -

2 .4 7

6

14

26

NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

123

2 .2 4

2 .4 2

1 .9 4 -

2 .4 6

6

-

14

26

-

GUARCS ANC WATCHMEN-----------------------------MANLFACTURING ------------------------------------

1 ,338

2 .2 1

2 .2 9

1 .8 4 -

2 .4 1

1

231

250

29

66

47

378

2 .6 0

2 .7 1

2 .3 5 -

2 .8 4

~

2

~

36

~

187

2 .7 1

2 .7 5

2 .5 8 -

2 .8 8

-

-

-

-

-

13

GUARCS:
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------JAMTCRS, PORTERS, ANC CLEANERS-----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUELIC UT IL IT IE S4-------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------RETAIL TRACE---------------------------------FINANCE5-------------------------------------------JANITORS, PORTERS, ANC CLEANERS
(WOMEN! ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUELIC U I I L I T I E S 4-------------------------FINANCE5--------------------------------------------

-

34

10

102

57

32

54

23

26

8

98

17

30

54

-

16

10

10

6

73

17

6

36

-

2 .4 2

2 .2 5 -

2 .7 8

-

-

2

-

36

2 .4 5

2 .3 7 -

2 .5 6

11

52
-

471
-

49
-

288

1 ,4 8 9

106
-

23

137

113

186

106

52

471

49

265

123

493

2505

-

38

27

7

102

79

46

2 .6 4

2 .6 0

2 .4 5 -

2 .8 0

-

5 , 1C6

2 .4 0

2 .4 4

2 .3 4 -

2 .4 9

418

2 .3 9

2 .4 1

2 .2 2 -

2 .5 8

11
-

-

-

35

13

16

2

25

-

24

18

606

2691

652

662

197

207

57

36

22 0

297

240

127

99

23

28

2 16

30
-

355

422

70

108

34

8

4

30

-

62

4

4
-

-

10

8
-

5

8
-

4
-

7

-

-

2

-

-

-

18

-

-

-

12

182

316

1

124

1
-

1G6

2 .5 2

2 .4 7

2 .4 3 -

2 .5 9

-

-

6

—

1

2

7
-

60

12

8
-

303

2 .4 2

2 .4 7

2 .3 1 -

2 .5 6

5

4

4

21

13

17

6

57

38

106

12

692

2 .4 6

2 .4 5

2 .4 2 -

2 .4 8

~

~

~

~

7

36

3

~

566

60

8

17

11

7C4

2 .3 7

2 .3 2 -

2 .4 5

32

40

2 .2 3

2 .2 4

2 .1 1 -

2 .2 9

8
-

16

62

8

-

4

3

6

28

-

3

7

2 .3 8

2 .4 0

2 .3 3 -

2 .4 5

8

8

3

13

8

26

12

251

2 87

20

2 .2 6

2 .3 8

1 .9 9 -

2 .5 3

-

-

2

12

7

-

7

1

-

-

2 .4 0

2 .3 5 -

2 .4 5

-

2 .8 9

2 .8 2 -

3 .2 2

-

-

12

-

202

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

106

ORDER
F I L L E R S ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------RETAIL TRACE ----------------------------------

1 ,7 6 3

3 .0 0

2 .9 5

601

3 .0 7

2 .9 6

2 .9 6

PACKERS, SHIPPING ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------------------RETAIL TRACE ----------------------------------

669

2 .9 0

2 .8 6

2 .8 0 -

2 .9 5

_

_

4

213

2 .8 5

2 .8 5

2 .7 7 -

2 .9 3

-

-

-

-

-

456

2 .9 2

2 .8 6

2 .8 0 -

3 .0 1

-

-

4

346

2 .8 9

2 .8 5

2 .8 1 -

2 .8 9

-

-

-

1
-

—

-

75

2 .7 2

2 .9 1

2 .1 9 -

3 .2 8

1

13

9

220

-

27

-

_

16

5

290

-

6

-

251

-

3

642
45

3

-

26C

17
-

2 .3 9

-

20

-

2 .4 2

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

16

139

4

529

1568

555

2 ,2 2 6

2 .8 6

2 .8 5

2 .7 9 -

2 .9 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
-

92

10

125

1059

382

41

20

119
-

728
-

3 .1 2

3 .1 2

2 .8 8 -

3 .3 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

14

14

161

509

3 .0 7 -

3 .3 8

-

-

-

-

—

-

-

-

7

-

112

95

122

119
-

192

3 .3 4

162
-

728

3 .2 5

173
-

262

1 ,2 0 7

6
-

4
-

368

2 ,3 5 0
613

2 .9 0

2 .8 7

2 .8 3 -

2 .9 6

44

390

46

133

-

-

679
-

192
-

528

3 .0 6

3 .1 4

2 .9 5 -

3 .2 3

-

3

24

127

7

162

119

49

“

2 .9 0 -

3 .0 4

-

-

-

2

-

-

9

4

6

7

33

22

370

820

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

15

90

328

68
-

65
-

33
-

154

3 .4 5

141
-

14

2 .9 1 -

10

144

5
-

10
-

-

9

4

6

7

21

7

-

-

-

-

-

21

-

9

4

6

7

-

-

-

2 .9 5

2 .8 8 -

3 .0 3

-

-

-

-

-

884

2 .9 3

2 .9 4

2 .8 9 -

3 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

223

3 .0 7

3 .2 0

2 .8 5 -

3 .2 9

1 ,1 6 2

“

4

(WOMEN) ------------------

77

2 .2 4

1 .9 9

1 .8 6 -

2 .4 7

-

-

32

RECEIVING C L ER KS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------RETAIL IR A O E ----------------------------------

436

3 .0 5

3 .0 7

2 .9 8 -

3 .2 4

-

-

1

153

3 .0 7

3 .0 5

2 .9 7 -

3 .3 3

-

-

283

3 .0 4

3 .0 9

2 .9 9 -

3 .2 3

-

-

152

3 .1 1

3 .0 9

3 .0 3 -

3 .1 8

-

-

111

3 .0 2

3 .1 8

2 .6 7 -

SHIPPING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRACE ----------------------------

21C

3 .1 6

3 .0 8

3 .0 1 -

3 .2 7

-

-

-

62

3 .1 2

3 .0 5

2 .9 3 -

3 .4 3

-

-

-

148

3 .1 8

3 .0 9

3 .0 3 -

3 .2 6

-

-

-

120

3 .1 1

3 .0 8

3 .0 2 -

3 .2 2

-

“

1

1

3 .2 9




48

51

2 .4 9

2 .9 9

at end o f ta b le .

327

2 .4 5

435

See fo o tn o te s

50
33

191

4 ,5 7 6

SHIPPING

77
77

6 ,5 5 5

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING-------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUeLIC U TIL ITI E S 4-------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE----------------------------------

PACKERS,

3
-

8
-

1
1

-

13
13

10

_

14

6

7

3 03

_
-

492

141

68

433

141

62

65
-

33
_

4
-

10
_

5
_

10
—

.

60

19

-

6

65

18

4

10

5

10

-

4

4
-

12
_

4

35
-

_

22

3

109

290

76

3

41

78

59

66
-

12
-

-

-

68

212

-

-

-

-

68

212

17
-

66

_

4
_

-

12

6

-

-

-

~

17

-

-

4

66

4
-

_

7

_
_

12
_

4
_

35

_

_

_

_

_

12

-

-

-

5

-

7
-

-

_

-

-

-

15

5

-

-

-

-

3

5

16

11

4

15

13

39

143

46

55

23

42

-

-

l

8

2

1

4

10

18

67

_

l

11

3C

54

12

12

_

2
5

_

17

-

-

-

11
-

1

-

11

-

3

4

8

9

3

11

3

21

76

46

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17

67

41

6

-

~

3

8

9

3

9

3

2

9

-

-

-

-

1

4

-

-

-

12

32

69

13

-

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

-

-

-

1

4

-

57

~

”

“

17

~

~

11
1

15

-

17

55

2
11
11

-

-

220

22

6

~
-

280

6

-

-

7

-

12

-

-

-

-

-

_

~

5

2

_
_

2

-

-

7
-

-

27

-

-

27

6

12

7

*

2

-

10
-

-

37
-

2

23

3

2

2

20

-

-

37

-

3

37

-

2
~

3

-

10

-

_

2
2
-

13

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o —O ak la n d , C a li f . , J a n u a ry 1965)

Hourly earnings 2

Num ber of w o rk e rs receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
S
$
$
S
$
1.70 1.80 1.9C 2.0C 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .50 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2.8 0

Num
ber

Occupation1 and industry division

S H IP P IN G

ANC

REC E IVIN G

M ANUFACTU RING
V HOLE SA LE
»
R E TA IL

T R A D E -------------------------

T R A D E ---------------------------------

TRU CK CRIVERS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------PU B LIC
RE TA IL

TRADE

TRADE

TRU C K C R IV E R S,
1 -1/2

-----------

U T I L I T I E S 4—

WHOLESALE

TONS)

--------------------------------------------------

NGNM A NUFA CTUR ING

-----------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------------------------------

WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------TRUCKCRIVERS, MEDIUM (1 -1 /2
ANC

IN C L U D IN G

A

M A NUFACTU RING
PUB LIC

TONS)

R ETAIL

---------------------------

-----------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 4 -----------------------------------

WHOLESALE

TRADE

TRADE

$
3.15
3.0 2
3.19
3.31
3.03

$
3.2 0
2 .9 8
3 .2 2
3.2 8
3.07

$
2 .9 8 2 .7 2 3 .0 4 3 .1 6 3 .0 0 -

$
3 .3 6
3.41
3.35
3 .61
3.23

3.41
3.37
3.A2
3.39
3.3 7
3.77

3.4 4
3.38
3 .4 4
3.4 4
3.3 7
3.8 5

3 .3 2 3 .3 2 3 .3 2 3 .3 4 3 .2 3 3 .8 0 -

3 .53
3.52
3.53
3 .5 0
3.51
3 .8 9

--------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------

TR AILER

T Y P E ) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

N C N M AN UFA CTLR ING
PU BLIC

-----------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 4------------------------------------

WHOLESALE TRACE --------------------TRU C K C R IV E R S,
OTHER

THAN

HEAVY

{O VE R

A

TR A ILE R

TYPE)

------------------

M A NUFACTU RING
PU BLIC

TRUCKERS,

TRADE

POWER

-----------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 4------------------------- -- -------

WHOLESALE

TRUCKERS,

---------------------

-------------------------------------------------

NCN M A N U FA C T U R IN G
PUBLIC

--------------------------------------

IF O R K L I F T )

M ANUFACTU RING

R E T A IL

-----------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 4------------------------------------

WHOLESALE

T R A D E --------------------------------------

TRADE

POWER

-----------------------------------------------

( CTHER

M A NUFACTU RING

1
2
3
4
5
6

------------------------------- 6
5
4
3
2
1

-

-

2
2
2

13
13
6

5
5
5

6
l
5
5

4
3
i
1

24
24
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

2
2
-

2
2
2

_
-

13
9
4
4

1
1
-

2
2
1

17
17
17

2

_

_

~

A77
56
A21
296
121

3.4 4
3.26
3.46
3.46
3.44

3 .4 4
3 .2 6
3 .45
3.45
3.45

3 .4 1 3 .2 1 3 .4 2 3 .4 3 3 .4 2 -

3.47
3.31
3.48
3 .4 8
3.47

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

2,398
1 , 52A
87A
A22
335
115

3.04
2.90
3.29
3.24
3.39
3.20

2 .9 7
2.92
3.42
3.41
3 .5 1
3 .2 8

2 .8 7 2 .8 3 2 .9 8 2 .9 5 3 .0 8 2 .9 0 -

3.10
2 .9 9
3 .49
3 .45
3.56
3 .42

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

~

-

-

“

50
50
-

~

~

_
-

37
37
~

182
173
9
9
~

465
429
36
5
29

7C8
480
228
180
4C
8

310
298

2.97
2.98

2.92
2.9 4

2 .7 4 - 3.23
2 .7 6 - 3.2 4

_

_

2
1

30
30

10

80
79

24
24

41
41

~

-

**

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

249
198
51
51

_
-

24
4
20
3
17
“

117
8
109
33
76
~

88
88
23
17

663
67
596
455
117
24

129
-

27
-

129
“

9
18

113
15
98
98

26
26
-

10
10
-

4
4
4

39
32
7
7

1C
10
-

406
406
296
110

365
312
53

26
25
1
1

36
14
22
1
21

34
34
8
8
18

306
4
304
220
45
35

6
6

117
117

104
3
101
96
5

3.58
3.7 9
3.58
3.54
3.5 4

-

-

245
10
235
144
91

14
14
5
1

3 .4 3 3 .4 2 3 .4 3 3 .4 3 3 .2 5 -

-

18
1
17
17
“*

20
15
5
“

17
17
17

3.51
3 .4 9
3 .5 1
3 .4 9
3.4 3

-

54
54
1
51

~

3.52
3.55
3.51
3.46
3.4C

-

2
2
1

5
4
I
1

~

1
1
-

26
26
26

5

1 *8A3
225
1,618
1,098
25A

-

12
9
3
3

~

325
58
267
267

208
9
199
61

3.5 0
3 .4 4
3.51
3.4 6
3.55
3.82

-

over

24
14
1C
10

249
30
219
147

3 .3 1 3 .3 3 3 .3 1 3 .3 2 3 .3 0 3 .3 6 -

2
2
2
~

4.00

960 1447 1318
176
313
124
647 1323 1142
455 1142
651
168
166
311
24
36
•

118
3
115
Id

3.38
3 .3 8
3 .3 8
3.38
3 .4 0
3.5 5

2
2
-

3.50 3.6C 3.80

485
57
428
167
213
~

94
1
93
56
37

3.38
3.36
3.38
3.35
3.42
3.57

~

8

6

-

-

8

-

-

-

6
6

8
~

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

~

“

_

-

_

-

-

-

“

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

—

129

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




1

3.40

-

47
9
38
34
4

1,756
13A
1,622
1,011
AAA
10A

-

$
S
3.80 4.0C

-

70
6
64
18
43

3 .5 2
3 .5 3
3.51
3.27
3.32

-

$
$
3.50 3.60

63
63
63
-

37
17
20
12
8

3 .2 3 3 .3 3 3 .2 1 3 .2 0 3 .1 0 -

~

S
$
3.30 3.4C

10
4
6
3
3

12
12
7
5

23
43
14
30
9
13
9
70
138
11
~

~

“

30
22
8
2
-

3.00 3 . 10 3.20 3 .3 0

3 .3 3
3 .3 7
3 .2 7
3 .2 3
3.2 6

THAN

F O R K L I F T ) ------------------------------------------------

—
-

2.90

3.30
3.34
3.27
3.16
3.24

TCNS,

-------------------------------------------------

NCNM AN UFACTLR ING

-

_

$
$
3.10 3 .2 0

and
2.10 2.20 2 .30 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0

-

~

S
$
2.90 3 .0 0

929
371
558
191
206

TRUCKCRIVERS, HEAVY ICVER A TONS,
M A N UFACTU RING

Under
and
S
1.70 under
1.80 1.90 2.00

52
9
43
42
-

33
30
3
2
1

_

288
132
156
12

-

_
-

301
52
249
218
16

412
412
175
201
36

5
5
5

16
16
16

12
12
12

596
72
524
484
40

618
44
574
476
98

18
13
5
-

306
55
251
-

10
10
-

~

-

TO

-------------------------------------------------

N C N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

Middle range3

(UNOER

-------------------------------------------------------

M A N UFACTU RING

PUB LIC

--------

-----------------

LIG H T

Median3

5,263
839
A , A2A
2,7 5 7
1, C69
379

----------------------------

NCNM AN UFACTLR ING

Mean3

5C2
126
376
2A1
118

CLERKS

-------------------------------------

NCNM AN UFACTLR ING

workers

-

-

-

27
~

-

~

_

_

_

-

5C
3
_

~

-

_

_
169
165
4
165

~
1
1
18
18
-

18

3
3
_

4
4
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

~

.

_

14

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is trib u tio n o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts studied in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by m in im u m en tran ce s a la r y fo r s e le c te d c a te g o rie s
o f in e x p e rie n c e d w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s , San F r a n c is c o — ak lan d , C a l i f . , J an u ary 1965)
O
In e x p e rie n c e d typists
M an u factu rin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t ra ig h t-tim e s a l a r y 1

O ther in e x p e rie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

N on m an u factu rin g

M an u factu rin g

B a s e d on stan d ard w e e k ly h ours 3 of—

B a s e d on stan d ard w e e k ly h ou rs 3 of—

industries

industries
A ll
schedules

Establishments studied

_________________

40

A ll
schedules

37 y2

A ll
schedules

40

40

A ll
schedules

37 y2

40

265

81

XXX

184

XXX

XX X

265

81

XX X

184

XX X

XX X

_ .

128

43

33

85

19

56

151

47

36

104

22

70

00 _________________
_
_ ___________
under $52. 50
under $55. 00__________________________________
under $57.50
under $60. 00__________________________________
under $62. 50
under $65. 00__________________________________
under $67.50__________________________________
under $70. 00
under $7 2. 50__________________________________
under $75. 00__________________________________

_
1
1
10
15
9
8
24
6
13
8
4
3
5
7
2
1
1
5

_
-

_
_

_

_

_
_
1
1
5
8
3
4
5
3
6

1
1
3
7
14
14
11
8
28

_
_
_
_
1
2
2
1
14
1
10
1
1

.

1
1
3
7
13
12
9

1
_
1

Establishments having a specified minimum
Under $50.
$50. 00 and
$52. 50 and
$55. 00 and
$57. 50 and
$60. 00 and
$62. 50 and
$65.00 and
$67. 50 and
$70. 00 and
$72. 50 and

N on m an u factu rin g

$75. 00 and u n d e r $77. 50

$77. 50 and under $80. 00
$80. 00 and under $82. 50___________________________________
$82. 50 and under $85. 00
____ ____
$85.00 and under $87.50___________________________________
$87. 50 and under $90. 00__________________________________
$90. 00 and under $92. 50__________________________________
$92. 50 and under $95. 00___________________________________
$95. 00 and under $97. 50__________________________________
$97. 50 and under $100.00_________________________________
$100. 00 and under $102. 50________________________________
$102. 50 and o ve r _____________________________________ ____________________

-

-

_
1
2
1
1
12
3

_
1
-

7

1
3
1
3
4
1
-

-

1
10
3
3
1
3
1
3
4
1
-

-

-

-

1

1
1

_
1
1
9
13
8
7

12
3
6
7

1

-

3
4
2
1
5
_
2
_

8

1

2
4
4
7
2
1
3
6

-

-

2
2
1
_
1
5

2

-

2

-

-

3
2

2

Establishments having no specified m inim um ___________________

60

14

XX X

46

Establishments which did not employ w orkers
in this category ________________________________________________________________

77

24

XXX

53

-

2

2
2

4
1
_
_

_

7

14
6
5
7

1
2
2
3
1
1
3
6

2

4
3
1
1
4
1
_
2
_
_
_
2
_
_
_
_

_
2
2
8
9
6
4
8
5
5
4
1
2
2
1
1
1
3
6

_

_

_

_

_

2
3

2
2

_

_

_

-

2
3

-

-

-

XX X

XX X

61

17

XX X

44

XXX

XX X

XX X

XX X

53

17

XXX

36

XXX

XXX

T h e s e s a la r ie s re la te to f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m startin g (h irin g ) r e g u la r s t ra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s that a r e p aid fo r
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r o r offic e g ir l.
D a ta a r e p re s e n te d fo r a ll stan d ard w o rk w e e k s com bin ed , and fo r the m ost com m on stan d ard w o rk w e e k s re p o rte d .




15

4

2
2
3
1
1
1
5

1
1
-

7

_
_
_
1
_
1
1
12
1
5
1
1
2
2
4
1
_
-

stan d ard w o rk w e e k s .

_

15

T able B-2.

Shift D ifferentials

(S h ift d iffe r e n t ia ls of m a n u fa c tu rin g plant w o r k e r s b y type and am ount o f d iffe r e n t ia l,
San F r a n c is c o —O a k la n d , C a lif ., J a n u a ry 1965)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu rin g plant w o r k e r s —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

A c t u a lly w o rk in g on—

Second sh ift
w ork

T h ird o r oth er
sh ift w o r k

Secon d shift

T o ta l ___________________________________________________

96.1

94.2

17.2

6.3

W ith sh ift p ay d i f f e r e n t i a l _________________________

96.1

94.2

17.2

6.3

U n ifo r m cents (p e r h o u r ) ______________________

53.3

43.2

12.1

5.4

5 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------8 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------9 c e n t s _________________________________________
10 c e n ts ________________________________________
12 c e n ts ________________________________________
I 2 V2 c e n ts ______________________________________
I 4 V4 c e n ts ______________________________________
I 4 V3 c e n ts ______________________________________
15 c e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------16 c e n ts ________________________________________
20 c e n ts___
22 c e n ts ________________________________________
23 c e n ts ________________________________________

4.5
18.1
3.5
15.9
_
.6
1.2
3.3
4.9

3.3
-

1.3
3.7
1.1
3.0

_
_
_

U n ifo r m p e rc e n ta g e
...
_ ...
5 p e r c e n t ------------------------------------------------------10 p e rc e n t ---------------------------------------------------15 p e rc e n t

11.1
4.6
6.5

O th er f o r m a l pay d iffe r e n t ia l 3 _______________

31.8

W ith no sh ift pay d i f f e r e n t i a l _____________________

_

1.3
-

-

“

_

1.2
13.1
.6

_
_

10.3
7.7
2.9
1.1
3.0

_

(1
2)
( 2)
1.7
.9

T h ir d o r oth er
shift

2.3
.2

_
_

-

.8
1.0
.2
.1
.7

8.2

_

.3

( 2)

4.6
3.6

.3

42.8

4.8

_
_

.3

_
"

_
( 2)
.9

"

1 In c lu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e ra tin g late sh ifts , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts
even though they w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e ra tin g late sh ifts.
2 L e s s than 0.05 p e rc e n t.
3 P r i m a r i l y c o m b in a tio n p la n s p ro v id in g fo r fu ll d a y 's pay fo r re d u c e d h o u rs plu s c e n t s - p e r - h o u r d iffe r e n t ia l, o r p e rc e n t
d iffe r e n t ia l, a n d / o r a paid lunch p e r io d not g iv e n f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s .
Som e o f the p la n s p ro v id e fo r f la t - s u m p ay m en ts p e r
shift o r p e r w e e k , o r fo r a c o m b in a tio n o f e ith e r c e n t s -p e r -h o u r o r p e rc e n t d iffe r e n t ia l plu s a p aid lunch p e r io d not g iv e n
firs t-s h ift w o rk e rs.




16
T able B-3. Scheduled W eekly H ours
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y sch eduled w e e k ly h o u rs
of f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , San F r a n c is c o — ak lan d , C a lif ., J an u ary 1965)1
O
5
4
3
2
OFFICE WORKERS
W e e k ly h ou rs

All
,
industries

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance3

AH
.
industries4

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 2

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

12

A l l w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------

100

35 h o u rs
O v e r 35 and u n d er 37V2 h o u rs ------------------------3 7 V2 h o u r s _____________________________________________
O v e r 37V2 and u n d er 383 4 h o u rs _________________
/
383 4 h o u r s ____________________________________________
/
40 h o u r s _______________________________________________
45 h o u r s _______________________________________________

2

2

1

1

6

2

5
18
-

-

1

_

2

10

13
_
14
72

5
_
7

23

_
7

1

11

1

3




1
2
3
4
5

19
4
5
67

10

65

4
85

88

In clu des data fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and oth er public u tilitie s .
F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l estate.
In clu des data fo r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p ercen t.

2
61

( 5)
86

( 5)

_
_

84

_
_
_

Retail trade

100

_

_

4

5

7

94

95

2

_

(5
")
93

17

Table B-4.

Paid H olidays

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by n u m b er o f p aid h o lid ay s
p ro v id e d ann u ally, San F r a n c is c o — ak lan d , C a lif. , J an u ary 1965)
O
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

All
,
industries

A l l w o r k e r s _____________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
p a id h o lid a y s ____________ - ___________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
no p aid h o lid a y s ___________ ________________________

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 2

Wholesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance3

All ,
industries 4

Manufacturing

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

98

99
1

10 0

10 0

Public ,
utilitiesL

10 0

10 0

Retail trade

10 0

10 0

98

10 0

"

2

-

-

-

-

Wholesale
trade

-

-

2

-

3
75
4

-

4

-

2

( 5)

1

27

N u m b e r o f d ays

L e s s than 6 h o lid a y s _________________________________
6 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d ay ___________________________
6 h o lid ay s plu s 2 h a lf d a y s _________________________
7 h o lid ay s
_
_
7 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf d a y ___________________________
7 h o lid ay s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _________________________
8 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ___________________________
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _________________________
9 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
9 h o lid ay s plu s 1 h a lf d a y ___________________________
9 h o lid ay s plu s 2 h a lf d a y s _________________________
1 0 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
1 0 h o lid ay s plu s 2 h a lf d a y s ________________________
1 1 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
1 2 h o lid a y s _____________________________________________

T o ta l h o lid ay tim e

2

(* )
(5 )
22

( 5)
5
49
3

1

16
-

10

2

22

2
20

-

-

16
-

1

2

-

9

5

10

50
25

-

2

52
-

71
-

2

10

5
49
6
2

9
( 5)

1

2

3
2

3

1

-

-

(5 )

3

-

3
3

_

_

-

-

2

6

2

2

18
18
30
36
90
90

2

-

2

8

4
2

4

1

29
(5)
5
37
1

10

22

-

10

-

41

24
64

-

52
18
-

-

25
-

1

~

"

~

1

1

2

15
-

(5)

1

-

16
(5)
3
-

2

3
60

6

1

1

5
-

2
-

6
5
4
3
2
1

d a y s _____ ___________________________________________
day s o r m o r e _______________________________________
day s o r m o r e _______________________________________
9 V2 day s o r m o r e ______________________________________
9 day s o r m o r e ________________________________________
8 V2 day s o r m o r e ______________________________________
8 d ays o r m o r e ________________________________________
7 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
7 day s o r m o r e ________________________________________
6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ______
____________________ ______
6 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
4 day s o r m o r e _____ _______________________ ______
2 day s o r m o r e _______________________________________
12

2

11

3
9

10

-

10
20

23
76
77
10 0

6

9
15
15
77
78
10 0

10
10

84
84
10 0

4
29
29
79
79
10 0

_
2
2
2

18
22
10 0

4

10 0

10 0

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

(?)
(5)
3
4
20
21

62
62
92
92
96
97
98

1
1

7
7
24
25
76
76
98
99
99
99
99

_

_

18
18
70
70
98
98

5

100
100
100

6

70
70
95
95
98
98
98
98
98

_
25
27
90
90
90
91
100

1 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
4 Includes data for re a l estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 L e ss than 0.5 percent.
6 A ll combinations of full and h a lfd a y s that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of w orkers receiving a total of 7 days includes those
with 7 full days and no half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions w ere then cumulated.




18

Table B-5.

Paid V acation s1

(P ercen t distribution of office and plant w orkers inwall industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, San F ran cisco—
Oakland, C a lif., January 1965)
PLANT WORKERB

OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a tip n p o lic y

All
,
industries ^

A l l w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------------

10 0

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 4

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

All
industries

10 0

5

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

M ethod of paym ent
W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s ------------ ----------------------------------------L e n g t h -o f-t im e p a y m e n t---------------------------------P e rc e n ta g e p a y m e n t ----------------------------------------F la t -s u m p a y m e n t-------------------------------------------O t h e r _______________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid vacatio n s
-------------------- ----------------------A m ou n t o f vacatio n pay
A ft e r

6

10 0

99
( 6)
-

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

_
44
-

14

-

1

1

-

98
98
-

( 6)

-

-

2

_

_
7

99
95
5
-

10 0

10 0

90

10 0

8

-

10 0
10 0

-

7

m onths of s e r v ic e

U n d e r 1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k __ _______________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s --- ----- -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------

1

1

53
4
7

59

( 6)

-

18
81

1

51
-

1

-

1

12

64

-

8

4

7

18

3
-

-

-

4
-

53
9
-

( 6)

"

-

59

22

21

5

-

10
-

-

-

-

-

68

62

31

_
38

7

51
31
18
_

-

-

A ft e r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s -------- ---------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s ---------- ---------------------------------------------

19
81
-

-

72
28
-

-

-

( 6)

-

-

-

( 6)
3
95

10 0

1
-

99
-

51
49
-

97
3

58
6

12
22

-

28
3
4

-

-

( 6)

13
5
72
3
6

9

73
18
-

( 6)

-

13
77

-

-

_

_

-

-

A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s -------- ---------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ________________________________________

-

-

( 6)
-

-

-

97
3
-

( 6)

-

-

-

-

-

_
90

_
95

10 0

10 0

1

-

-

-

78
-

10 0

10 0

22

22
11

57
1

7

2

2

( 6)
96
-

3
_
97
_

-

-

-

_
82

96
-

A ft e r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ------ -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s _________ _________ _________________

_
95
( 6)
4
( 6)

_

_

_

6

97

85

2

-

-

-

-

8

5

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

( 6)
9
( 6)

2

_
10 0
-

1

-

9

18

_

_

-

-

-

-

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s __ --- ----------------------------------------------

.

_

_

-

95

90

95

10 0

10 0

97

2

-

-

-

-

1

1

8

5

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

9
( 6)

81
( 6)
19
-

85
15

87

45

86

-

-

( 6)
4
( 6)

78
3
18

_

_

5
85

11

78

_

2

_

96
_
_

10 0

9
-

82
_
18
-

-

-

33

_
_

A ft e r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s _________________________________________




( 6)

~

'

See footnotes at end of table.

55

67

80

78

71

9

1

1

-

-

-

6

32

18

22

28

67

-

13

( 6)

“

"

“

~

19
T able B-5. Paid V acations1— Continued
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by va c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , San F r a n c is c o —O akland, C a l i f . , J an u ary 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a tio n p o lic y

All 2
industries

Manufacturing

PLANT WORKERS

Public 3
utilities

W
holesale
trade

23

25
-

8

68

89
3
-

Retail trade

Finance 4

All
5
industries

50
4
46
_

9
3
81
7

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

Wholesale
trade

11

11

2

-

2

68

86

Retail trade

Am ount of va c a tio n p a y 7— C ontinued
A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
7 w opVc

29

O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------- --------------3 w e e k s _____ ____________________________ __________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------4 w e e k s __ ____ ______________________________ _
O v e r 4 w e e k s ------------------- --------------------------------------

2

6

( 6)
89

2

( 6)

2

70
-

2

2

6

66

( 6)

-

-

5

23
71
-

_
7
-

-

-

7
77
_
5
-

( 6)

-

_

3
95
_

21

8

2

-

-

-

1

3
95
-

A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w e e k s __ — _— — ___ _____________________________ _
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------4 w e e k s __ ----------------------------------- --------- _ --------O v e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------- --------------------------

29
2
66

( 6)
3
( 6)

( 6)
89
2

4
-

6

-

24
-

8

69
7
-

89
3
-

-

50
4
46
-

6

6

4
83

8

-

2

81

68

1

( 6)
7

5
-

( 6)

11

-

87
-

21

8

2

-

-

-

_
_

_
89
_

3
_
76
_

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w e e k s _____
____________ __________________________
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s -------- ------------------------3 w e e k s _______________
_________________ ___ ____
O v e r 3 and u n der 4 w e e k s — __ __ __ --------------4 w e e k s ____________________________ __________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

3

1

( 6)
91
( 6)

( 6)
91
-

6

9
-

( 6)

_
92
-

10

8

81

82
-

-

8

10

-

-

_
48

46

3

2
1

( 6)
85
( 6)

90
1

79
_

11

6

21

-

( 6)

-

-

9
-

2

3
( 6)
55

2

62

( 6)
39
3

30
5

_
_
33
_
67
-

_
_
25
_
70
3

3
_
65
_
32
-

2
1

_
_

39

6

_
_
16
_
80
3

3
_
24
_
74
-

10

-

2

•98
( 6)

21

-

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
7 wf»p*ks
.
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s --------------------------- -----3 w e e k s _____________ _________ _________ __________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w eek s __ — -------------------------4 w e e k s ----------------------------------- ------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s ------------------ --------------------------------------

3
( 6)
66
1

29
2

1

( 6)
44
51
4

10

-

-

52
-

41
4

_
13
87
-

10

8

71
-

90
3

21

6

-

-

1
1

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
w ppks
_ __
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s -------- -------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------- ----------------------------------------- —
O v e r 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------- --------7
.

3
( 6)
40
2

54
2

1

( 6)
29
( 6)
66

4

39
48
4

8

18
75
-

2

57
5
37
( 6)

3
( 6)
32

-

62

3

”

53
5

_
94
-

A ft e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------- — ------ --------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s — ------------ --------------4 w e e k s ----------------------------------- -------------------------- —
O v e r 4 w e e k s — -------- — -------- -------------------------2

3

1

( 6)
30

( 6)
29
( 6)

2

63
2

66

4

_

2

3

-

-

-

-

13
87

39

18
75

32
5

( 6)
32
62

"

10

-

48
4

8

“

61
( 6)

2
1

16

94

5

3

_

_
6

39
53

“

_
80
3

3
_
24
_
74
"

1 Includes basic plans only. Excludes plans such as vacation-savings and those plans which offer "extended" or "sab b a tic a l" benefits beyond basic plans to workers
with qualifying lengths of service. Typical of such exclusions are plans in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.
2 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Finance, insurance, and rea l estate.
5 Includes data for rea l estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
6 L e ss than 0. 5 percent.
7 Includes payments other than "length of time, " such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-su m payments, converted to an equivalent time basis; for example,
a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 w eek's pay. P eriods of service w ere a rb it ra r ily chosen and do not n e cessarily reflect the individual
provisions for progressions. F o r exam ple, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 y e a rs ' service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years.
Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion receiving 3 w eeks' pay or m ore after 5 years includes those who receive 3 w eeks' pay or m ore after few er years of service.




20
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s em p lo y ed in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
h ealth , in s u ra n c e , o r pen sion b e n fit s , 1 San F r a n c is c o —O ak lan d , C a li f ., Jan u ary 1965)1
7
6
5
4
3
2
OFFICE WORKERS
Type o f ben efit

PLANT WORKERS

All
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 4

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities3

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

L ife in s u r a n c e ____________________________________
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u ra n c e ________________________________________
S ic k n e ss and accid en t in su ra n c e o r
sic k le a v e o r both 6__________________ ________
_

97

94

100

92

90

98

98

98

100

100

94

63

64

54

67

43

66

64

70

68

85

42

79

74

92

77

77

75

79

70

9
1

90

84

S ic k n e ss and acciden t in su ra n c e _________
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aitin g p e r io d )______________________________
S ick le a v e (p a r t ia l pay o r
w aitin g p e rio d ) _______________ __________ _

20

23

22

22

3

23

17

22

19

20

7

64

68

56

65

30

65

26

11

55

17

25

A l l w o r k e r s — --------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g :

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u ra n c e _
_ _
_
_ __ _
S u r g ic a l in s u ra n c e _______________________________
M e d ic a l in su ra n c e
_ _
_____ _
_ _ _
C a ta stro p h e in s u ra n c e __________________________
R e tire m e n t p e n sio n ______
_
_ _ _
_
N o h ealth, in s u ra n c e , o r p en sio n p la n ______

12

4

35

7

47

5

44

41

36

69

55

98
98
91
84
85
( 7)

100
100
98
63
96

100
100
100
97
74

100
99
95
85
68

97
97
89
69
87
3

99
99
84
97
91

100
99
97
53
95

100
100
95
39
100

100
100
100
79
91

100
95
93
70
98

100
100
97
64
93

1 In clu des those plans fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o st is b o rn e by the e m p lo y e r, except those le g a lly r e q u ir e d , such as w o r k m e n 's com p en satio n , s o c ia l s e c u rity ,
and r a ilr o a d re tire m e n t.
2 In clu d es data fo r s e r v ic e s in ad d ition to those in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
3 T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and oth er p ublic u tilitie s .
4 F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l estate.
5 In clu d es data fo r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
6 U n d u p licated total o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r sic k n e ss and accid en t in su ra n c e show n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w .
Sick leav e plan s a r e lim ite d to those w h ich d e fin ite ly
e s ta b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b er of d a y s ' pay that can be expected b y each e m p lo y e e .
In fo rm a l sic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e exclu d ed .
7 L e s s than 0.5 percen t.




21

Table B-7. Profit-Sharing Plans
(P ercen t of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing profit-sh arin g plans, 1
by type of plan, San F ran cisco—
Oakland, C alif. , January 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS

Type of plan

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public *
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

33

24

5

21

56

51

10

42

9

All
2
industries

A ll w o rk e rs--------------------------------------------

W o rk ers in establishments providing
profit-sh arin g plans----------------------------

Finance4

All
industries

5

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

6

6

32

6

4

32

100

Plans providing for current
Hi fitriT-mti on

1

2

Plans providing for deferred
Hi stni'h'nti on

_ _

29

24

5

18

56

Plans providing for both current
and deferred distribution ---------------

2

Plans providing for em ployee's
choice of method of distribution —

1

-

-

3

-

2

67

76

95

79

44

49

.

5

( 6)

-

-

2

-

94

100

94

68

W orkers in establishments providing
no n n ofit-sVia r in a n la n s

90

1 The study was lim ited to form al plans (1) having established form ulas for the allocation of profit shares among employees; (2) whose form ulas w ere communicated
to the employees in advance of the determination of profits; (3) that represent a commitment by the company to make periodic contributions based on profits; and (4) in
which eligibility extends to a m ajority of the office or plant w ork ers.
2 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Finance, insurance, and rea l estate.
5 Includes data for rea l estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
6 L e ss than 0. 5 percent.




Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

D raftsm an. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsm an-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not com parable to data previously
published. In areas where current em ploym ent and earnings information
was collected largely by m ail this year and w ill be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations w ill
be presented next year.

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsm an and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
inform ation for more specific categories.

Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of inform ation provided. The com bination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is com parable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

22

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau* s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fishe?. Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

23

24
CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER—Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been.filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class -A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

25
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued
of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e tc ., are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to -take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as
in legal briefs or reportson scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e tc .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. (’’Full" telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g ., because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)



Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. (’’Limited” telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e .g ., giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

26

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The woik typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc ., with



Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

27
PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN— Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse 'who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees1 injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the followings Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Woik
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

29
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following; Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.



PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the followings Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general,. the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

30
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inCUS T ODI AL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERI AL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial



LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following;
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

31
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Woik requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes* truck drivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request-----The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of o ffice services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—March 1964.

40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wajjt* Surveys
A lis t of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A d irecto ry indicating dates of e a rlie r studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D.C., 20402,
or fro m any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
A rea

Bulletin number
and price

A re a

Bulletin number
and price
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Akron, Ohio, June 1964 1______
Albany—
Schenectady— ro y , N .Y ., M ar. 1964*
T
Albuquerque, N. M ex ., Apr. 19641____________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a.— .J ., Feb. 1964 1 _
N
Atlanta, G a., May 19641 ______________________
B altim ore, M d., Nov. 19641 ______________
Beaumont— o rt Arthur, T ex., May 19641.
P
Birm ingham , A la., Apr. 19641____________
B oise City, Idaho, July 19641
Boston, M ass., Oct. 1 9 6 4 __

1385-80,
1385-52,
1385-61,
1385-53,
1385-73,
1430-27,
1385-70,
1385-63,
1430-1,
1430-16,

25
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N .Y ., Dec. 19641 ..
Burlington, V t., M ar. 1964.
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1964 1__
Charleston, W. Va., Apr. 19641 ______
Charlotte, N .C., Apr. 19641
Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga., Sept. 1964 1________
Chicago, 111., Apr. 1964 1 --------------- ------- --Cincinnati, Ohio— y ., M ar. 1964 1___________
K
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 19641 ________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 19641 _________________

1430-36,
1385-47,
1385-64,
1385-57,
1385-55,
1430-10,
1385-66,
1385-58,
1430-13,
1430-18,

30
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Dallas, T ex., Nov. 19641 ______________
Davenport—
Rock Island— oline, Io w a M
Ill., Oct. 19641________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1965__________________
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1964 ---------- „—«,
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 19641 ______
D etroit, M ich., Jan. 1964____________
F o rt Worth, T ex., Nov. 19641_______
Green Bay, W is., Aug. 19641---------G reen ville, S.C., M ay 19641__
Houston, Tex., June 19641 —

1430-25, 30 cents
1430-20,
1430-31,
1430-32,
1385-44,
1385-43,
1430-24,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,

25
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

San Diego, C alif., Sept. 1964 1______________
San F ra n cisco—
Oakland, C alif., Jan. 1965 l .
Savannah, Ga., M ay 1964 1----------------------Scranton, Pa., Aug. 1964____________________
Seattle, Wash., Sept. 1964-----------------------

1430-8,
1430-12,
1430-37,
1385-69,
1430-2,
1430-9,

20
25
25
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Indianapolis, Ind., Nov. 1964.
Jackson, M iss., Feb. 1964
Jacksonville, F la ., Jan. 1964-____ ____ —__________
Kansas City, Mo.HKans., Nov. 1964_______________
L a w ren ce-H averh ill, M ass.— .H ., June 1964 1 -_
N
L ittle Rock—
North L ittle Rock, A rk., Aug. 1964
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif., Mar. 19641 -_
_
Lou isville, K y.—
Ind., Feb. 1964___________________
Lubbock, Tex., June 1964 1-_______________________
Manchester, N.H., Aug. 19641 ____________________
Memphis, Tenn., Jan. 1964 1______________________

1430-30,
1385-41,
1385-32,
1430-26,
1385-76,
1430-7,
1385-59,
1385-50,
1385-75,
1430-4,
1385-35,

25
25
20
25
25
25
30
20
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls, S. Dak., Oct. 1964_____________
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1964 1_______________
Spokane, Wash., May 1964____
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 1964Trenton, N.J., Dec. 1964 1______________
Washington, D. C.—
Md.— a ., Oct. 1964 *.
V
Waterbury, Conn., M ar. 19641_________
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1964 1____
Wichita, Kans., Sept. 19641____
W orcester, M ass., June 1964
York, Pa., Feb. 1964 l .

1430-15,
1385-51,
1385-78,
1385-46,
1430-35,
1430-14,
1385-48,
1430-23,
1430-11,
1385-79,
1385-45,

20
25
20
20
25
30
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




M iam i, F la ., Dec. 1964-----Milwaukee, W is., Apr. 1964
M inneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. Jan. 1964.
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., May 1964 1
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Feb. 1964 1 ------New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1965----New Orleans, La., Feb. 1964___
New York, N .Y ., Apr. 1964 1.
N orfolk—
Portsm outh and Newport News—
Hampton, V a ., June 1964_______________________
Oklahoma City, O kla., Aug. 1964 1 ______________

1385-77, 20 cents
1430-5, 25 cents

Omaha, N ebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 1964__________________
Paterson— lifton— assaic, N.J., May 1964 1 ---C
P
Philadelphia, P a .-N .J ., Nov. 1964 1_____________
Phoenix, A r i z . , M ar. 1964 1_____________________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1964----------------------------Portland, Maine, Nov. 1964_____________________
Portland, O reg.—
Wash., May 1964 1----------------P rovid en ce—
Pawtucket, R .I.— ass., May 1964—
M
Raleigh, N.C., Sept. 1964________________________
Richmond, V a ., Nov. 1964-----------------------------

1430-17,
1385-62,
1430-28,
1385-54,
1385-38,
1430-21,
1385-67,
1385-65,
1430-6,
1430-19,

Rockford, 111., Apr. 1964 1_______________________
St. Louis, M o.—
111., Oct. 1964 1.
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1964
San Antonio, T ex., June 1964----San Bernardino— iver side—
R
Ontario, C alif.,

1385-60, 25 cents
1430-22, 30 cents
1430-33, 25 cents
1385-74, 20 cents

1430-29,
1385-56,
1385-39,
1385-71,
1385-49,
1430-34,
1385-42,
1385-72,

25
25
35
25
25
25
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102