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Occupational Wage Survey
BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA
APRIL 1964

Bulletin No. 1385-63




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewart Cl ague Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA




APRIL 1964

Bulletin No. 1385-63
July 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 25 cents




Contents

P reface

Page
The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and e s ­
tablishment practices and supplementary wage provisions.
It yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for
metropolitan area labor markets, for economic regions,
and for the United States. A major consideration in the
program is the need for greater insight into {a) the move­
ment of wages by occupational category and skill level,
and (b) the structure and level of wages among labor
markets and industry divisions.

Introduction-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends for selected occupational groups-------------------------------------Tables:
1.
2.

A:

B:

Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the program. Information on occupational earnings is
collected annually in each area. Information on estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions is
obtained biennially in most of the areas.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Birmingham, Ala. , in April 1964. It was prepared in the
Bureau’s regional office in Atlanta, Ga. , by George G.
Farish, under the direction of Donald M. Cruse, Regional
Wage Analyst.




Establishments and workers within scope of survey
and number studied---------------------------------------------------- —
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of change for selected periods_________
Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women-------------------------------A -2 . Professional and technical occupations—
men and women_________________________________________
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined--------------------------------------------A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations-----------------------A - 5. Custodial and material movement occupations_________

1

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B - l . Minimum entrance salaries for women office
w orkers-----------------------------------------------------------B -2 . Shift differentials_________________________________________
B -3 . Scheduled weekly hours---------------------------------------------------B -4 . Paid holidays_____________________________________________
B -5 . Paid vacations------------------------------------------------------------------B -6 . Health, insurance, and pension plans__________________
B -7 . Paid sick leave____________________________ -______________

12
13
14
15
16
19
20

Appendix: Occupational descriptions---------------------------------------------------

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
areas. (See inside back cover.)
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the Birmingham area, are also available for building con­
struction, printing, local-transit operating employees, and
motortruck drivers and helpers.

m

5
7
co o o

A preliminary report and an individual area bul­
letin present survey results for each labor market studied.
After completion of all of the individual area bulletins
for a round of surveys, a two-part summary bulletin is
issued. The first part brings data for each of the labor
markets studied into one bulletin. The second part pre­
sents information which has been projected from individual
labor market data to relate to economic regions and the
United States.

1
4

21




O ccu pation al W a g e Su rvey—B ir m in g h a m , A la.
Introduction

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U. S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of
occupational earnings atid related wage benefits on an areawide basis.
In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of Bureau field
economists to representative establishments within six broad industry
divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other
public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and
real estate; and services. Major industry groups excluded from these
studies are government operations and the construction and extractive
industries. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of
workers are omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employ­
ment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabu­
lations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions which
meet publication criteria.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of inter establishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are reported,




as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work schedules
(rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time salaries
are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have been
rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed may be due to such
factors as (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among in­
dustries and establishments; (2) differences in length of service or
merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis;
and (3) differences in specific duties performed, although the occu­
pations are appropriately classified within the same survey job de­
scription. Job descriptions used in classifying employees in these
surveys are usually more generalized than those used in individual
establishments. This allows for minor differences among establish­
ments in specific duties performed.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment
obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to
indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differ­
ences in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy
of the earnings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to office and plant workers. Administrative, executive, and
professional employees, and force-account construction workers who
are utilized as a separate work force are excluded. "Office workers"
include working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing
clerical or related functions. "Plant workers" include working foremen
and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) en­
gaged in nonoffice functions. Cafeteria workers and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.
Minimum entrance salaries (table B- l ) relate only to the e s­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.

2

Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries. This information is presented both in
terms of (a) establishment policy, 1 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey. In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "oth er" was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B -4
through B-7) are treated statistically on the basis that these are
applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers
are eligible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums
of individual items in tables B -2 through B -7 may not equal totals
because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i. e. , (1) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday, even if the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate
estimates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings,
or flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay,
payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis; for
example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered
as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.
* An
conditions:
late shifts.
shifts during
late shifts.

establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either o f the following
(1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering
An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it ( i y had operated late
the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating




Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B -6 and B-7) for which at least a part of the cost is
borne by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as
workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance
company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly
by the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set
aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a form of
life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans 3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to
the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com ­
mercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.

2
The temporary disability laws
contributions.
* An establishment was considered as
minimum number of days of sick leave that
need not be written, but informal sick leave
excluded.

in California and Rhode Island do not require em ployer
having a formal plan if it established at least the
could be expected by each em ployee.
Such a plan
allowances, determined on an individual basis, were

3

T a b le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m ber studied in B irm in g h a m , A la .,

M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
o f study

In du stry d iv is io n

by m a jo r in d u stry d iv is io n , 2 A p r il 1964
W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m en ts

N um ber o f e sta b lish m e n ts

W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin
scop e of
study 3

Studied

Studied
O ffice

T otal 4

Plant

T o t a l4

A ll d iv is io n s ____________________________________________________

.

426

130

95, 000

1 4 ,300

6 4 ,5 0 0

6 1 ,3 8 0

M a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________________________ ___________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g______________________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5____________________________________
W h o le s a le tra d e __ ______________________ ________________
R e ta il t r a d e ---------------------------------- -------------------------------------F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ____________________
S e r v ic e s 8____________________________________________________

50
"

150
276

49
81

5 1 ,8 0 0
43, 200

4 ,7 0 0
9 ,6 0 0

3 9 ,8 0 0
2 4 ,7 0 0

36,990
2 4 ,390

50
50
50
50
50

47
61
92
41
35

21
14
23
12
11

12 ,5 0 0
6 , 200
13, 800
6 , 500
4, 200

2, 500

6 , 600
(6)

0
( ')
0
(6)

0
0
(6)

10,200
1,870
7, 020
3,600
1,700

1 T h e B ir m in g h a m Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tica l A re a c o n s is ts o f J e ffe r s o n County.
T h e " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f stu dy" e s tim a te s shown in this table p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly a ccu ra te
d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e included in the s u r v e y . T h e e s tim a te s a re not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er em p loym en t in dexes
f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e em p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls sin ce ( 1 ) planning o f w age su r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in adva n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied,
and ( 2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the su rvey.
2 T h e 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard Industrial C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g e sta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em ploym en t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll ou tlets (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s tr ie s as t r a d e , fin a n ce , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 esta b lish m e n t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and oth er w o r k e r s exclu ded fr o m the se p a ra te o f fic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w ater tra n sp o rta tio n w e re e x clu d e d .
6 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , and fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s . S ep a ra te p resen ta tion
o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ad e fo r one o r m o r e o f the follow in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p loym en t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it se p a ra te study, (2) the sam ple w as not
d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) re s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it se p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in divid u al esta b lish m en t data.
7 W o r k e r s fr o m th is en tire in d u stry d iv isio n a re re p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , but fr o m the r e a l esta te p o r tio n on ly in e stim a tes
fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s . Separate p re se n ta tio n o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s given in fo o tn o te 6 a b ov e.
8 H otels; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile re p a ir sh o p s; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and en g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




T a b le 2.

Indexes o f standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-tim e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s ,
and p e r c e n ts o f change 1 fo r s e le c t e d p e r i o d s , B ir m in g h a m , A la .
Index
(A p r il 1961 = 100)

In du stry and o ccu p a tio n a l group
A p r il 1964

P e r c e n t s o f change 1
A p r il 1963
to
A p r il 1964

A p r il 1962
to
A p r il 1963

A p r il 1961
to
A p r il 1962

M a r c h I960
to
A p r il 1961

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n )-----------------In d u s tria l n u rse s (m en and w o m e n )-------------S k ille d m ain ten an ce (m e n )----------------------------U n s k ille d plant (m e n ) -------------------------------------

107. 8
104. 1
108. 7
1 06 .4

1.
.
2.
1.

5
5
6
2

2. 7
. 5
.7
1.3

3 .4
3. 1
5. 1
3. 8

2.6
1.6
3. 2
1. 5

M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n )-------------- In d u s tria l n u rse s (m en and w o m e n )-------------S k ille d m ain ten an ce (m e n )----------------------------U n s k ille d plant (m e n ) -------------------------------------

103. 8
103. 0
108. 5
1 06 .4

-. 3
-. 5
2. 3
1 .4

1 .9
-. 5
.4
2. 1

2.
4.
5.
2.

2.
1.
3.
.

A ll changes are in c r e a s e s u n less o th e r w is e in d ica te d .

3
0
6
7

7
5
0
2

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting,
class A and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change measure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Similarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours.
They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

A:

Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , B ir m in g h a m , A la . , A p r i l 1964)
Number of workers receiving straight- time weekly earnings of—

Average

$

Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division
workers

Weekly
hours
(standard)

Weekly
earnings
(standard)

$

30

$

%

35

40

$

$
45

50

$

$
55

60

$
65

$
70

S
75

$
80

$
85

$
90

$

$
95

ICO

$

$
105

110

$
115

$

120

$

$
125

13C

$

$
135

140

under
35

145
and

45

50

55

6C

65

70

75

80

85

9C

95

10C

4
3

4C

4
4

17
4
13

5

6

4
1

-

6

8
3

5
5

2

1 5

115

120

125

13C

135

140

145

over

9
3

18
7

3

8

7
7
-

5
3

1
1

3

11

2
1

5

6

2

-

5
5
-

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

“

*

1
1

-

-

1
1

110

M
EN
$

111.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

95
46
49

39.5
39 .5
4C.0

118.50
104.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

45
30

39.5
4C.C

88 .00
88 .00

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

CLERKS,

ORDER -----------------------------------------------

83

4C .0

86 .00

-

-

-

-

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

40
34

4 C .0
4C.0

107.00
109.50

_

_

_

-

-

OFFICE BOYS --------------------------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING---------------------------------

71
57

39.5
39.5

66.00
66.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------------------

33

39.0

113.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

67
26
41

39.5
4C.0
39.0

87 .00
91 .00
84.50

1

-

2
1

2

11
11

~

6
2

1

5

-

12

8

7

12

-

-

11

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

4

~

4

2
2

-

1

2
1

4

“

12
12

-

-

8
6

-

“

1
1

2
2

1
1

2
2

2
2

13

6

11

2

9
8

4
4

4

2

_

1

1

3

6

2

6

8

3

7
3
4

3
3

2

4
-

3

3
3

5
5

2
2
“

_

_

_

_

_

2
1

~

-

-

”

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

1
1

4

-

1
1

15

-

3

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

~

~

~

17
15

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

11
8

2

“

9
7
2

3
3

19
3
16

7
3
4

~

“

“

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

8
8

6
6

6
6

3
3

1
1

27
27

38 .5
38.5

66.00
66 .00

_

TYPISTS,

34

40.0

7 4 . CC

~

~

~

~

4

4

2

9

7

~

6

4

1
1

4

l

3
3

-

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ---------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------CLASS B ----------------------------------------

_

3

'

4

'
W EN
OM
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURI N G --------------------------------BCCKKEEPING-MACHINF OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

8C
59

39
25

39.5
39 .0

4C.5
40.5

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

265
37
228

4C.0
40.0
4C.0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------------------------

202
156
66

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

561
86
475

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

66
47

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




71 .50
68.50

85 .50
82.50

“

~

~

14
14

_

_

_

_

_

~

~

~

8
8

3
3

1
1

«_

6 1 . 50
63 .50
6 1 . CC

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

2

74
8
66

71
20
51

39 .5
39.5
39.5

9C . 0 0
91 .00
107.50

_
“

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

38 .5
40.0
38. C

72 .50
77.50
71.50

-

39.0
38.5

7 1 . CC
66.50

-

2

-

-

_

5

-

-

-

-

_

_
-

5
_

_

-

-

14
14

3
3

2
2

35
35

31
3
28

30
37
24

3
3

24
18

-

-

6
2

30
-

-

9
1

4
4

12
10

16
9

7

2

1

1

_

4

1

1

1

“

2
~

_
-

1

_
-

_
-

2
2

12
12

5
1
4

15
6
2

20
19
2

9

21
19
14

7
6
6

22

1

21
1
20

6

47
2
45

78
6
72

74
74

62
16
46

48
21
27

44
11
23

128
6
122

18
13
5

10
7

14
14

9
9

7
7

4
1

3
-

2
1

1C

_

5

”

-

3
3

-

6
5

3
3

9

18

8

7

6

3
1
2

25

6
6

1
1

3
1

1
24

-

2
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

_

3
2
2

3
3
3

24
22
22

1
1
1

2

1

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

1
1

_

_

-

-

1
1

_

_

_

-

_
-

1
1

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

6

Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , A p r i l 1964)
Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

$

$
30
W
eekly
earnings
and
(standard) (standard) under
Weekly

35

AC

A5

50

$
55

$
65

$
70

$
75

$
8C

$
85

$
9C

$
95

$

ICC

$

1C5

$

110

$

115

*

12C

$

i

125

13C

*

135

$

1 AC

1A5

50

55

6C

A8
A3

21

SC

95

70

75

ec

85

29
28

A
A

3
3

5
3

1C
5

1

-

2
1

3

2

_

19

16
15

1

“

1

3

A

6

A
3

28

27
15

11
1

1

16

-

2

12
6

17
17
-

22

19
13

21
21

IOC

1-5

110

115

“

1
1

“

-

2

8

-

-

A5

65

A

AC

12C

125

13C

135

1 AC

1A5

over

CCNTINUEC

CLERKS. FILE, CLASS B ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

129
107

38 .5
38.0

$
58.50
55.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

67
59

38.5
38.0

5A.5C
5 3 . CO

-

CLERKS,

ORDER ----------------------------------------------

37

AC . 0

75.50

-

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2----------------------------

193
9C
103
28

39.5
AC . 0
39.5
39.0

79.50
8 3 . 0C
7 6 . 5C
86.00

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

162
13C

39.5
39 .5

6 5 . CC
6A.0C

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,

2C

-

_

20
20

_

5

-

5

11

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16

3

10
7

8
8

A
A
-

_
-

_
-

“

1

3

7

-

-

-

-

1
1

_
-

6

1
2
1

_
-

6

6
1

A
A

_
-

1
1

_

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18

-

-

3
18
-

28
18

8
5

A

1C

1A

1C

7

59

-

2

15
7

16
16

A

2

5

1

11

2
2

-

A
-

_
-

7
7
7

l

_

6
58
23

39

56
36

21

6

18

6

32
29
16

22
22

15
15

1
1

2
2

3
3

9
9

16
16
"

20
2

52
A2

6

52
13
39
7

61
1C
51
5

51

18
-

8

35
5

75
A
71

99
A
95
27

79
13
66
28

51
5
A6
15

65

70
25
A5
37

A3
23
2C
5

_
-

15
7

10
A
6

25
1A

8

33
1C
23

6

3
3

9
7

6
6

12

19

18

11
8

12

1
1

6

~

A
A

3
3

22
21

1
~

2
1

2
2

1

1

39 .0
39.0

6C.CC
5 6 . 5C

_

SECRETARIES -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 ----------------------------

71C
2A9
A61
116

39.5
AC.C
3 9 .C
39.5

9 3 . 5C
1 0 C . 50
89 .50
105.50

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 ----------------------------

6A2
163
A7S
166

39.5
AC.C
39 .0
39.0

7A.50
8 6 . 50
7C.50
77.50

-

1

AA
3
A1
1C

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

197
79
118

AC. 0
AC.C
39.5

9A.C0
87 .50
9 8 . CO

_
-

-

1

SWITCHBOARC OPERATORS-----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

129
1C5

A1 . 0
A1.5

6 7 . 5C
63 .50

3
3

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

105
A7
58

39 .5
39.5
AC.C

7 3 . CC
7 6 . CC
70.50

_
-

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

A8
A2

38.0
37.5

81 .50
79 .50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

6C
31

39 .5
A0.0

68.50
6 8 . CC

10

11
11

-

-

“
16
16

-

5

1

50
AA

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .

-

10
2
8

3A
31

OFFICE GIRLS -----------------------------------------------NONMANIFACTURING --------------------------------

1

23

1A
1A

A

5
A

12

12

17

7
5

5
7

2

A

15

8

21
A
A

22
A3

11

_

_
~

1
1

2
2

1C
9

A
A

_

~

3
-

11
10

9
6

13

12
6

6
1

_

-

3

_
-

-

“

17

37
36
18

-

66 .50
6A.50
71.50

-

-

7

-

86 .00

3 9 .C
3 9 .C
3 9 .C

_

-

-

25
25
“

39. C

197
17A
66

-

“

13
A
9

10
10

18

133

-

-

11

36
33

CLASS A ---------------

“

12

A

21

-

3
3

3
3

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC UT ILITIE S2----------------------------




$
60

and

20

35

NCMEN -

j

$

3

12
39

11

82
26
56
9

55
29
26

26

16

11

10

12

11
?8
8
56
38
18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

36
19
17
7

29
2C
9
9

33
18
15
1C

23
8

21

8

2

1C

-

-

2

15

11

8
6

2
2

5
5

2

2
2

1
1

13
13

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

_
“

-

“

_
-

A
A

38
38

-

-

-

_
-

20
5
15

3

9

7

15
7

6
6

1
1

15

10

8
1

6

30
2A
6

~

5

7

6
3
3

~

-

2

15

10

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

11

9
9

2
1
1

1
1

2
2

1
1

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

1

A

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

~

2

“

“

“

n
5

6

~

-

Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , B ir m in g h a m , A la . , A p r i l 1964)
Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$

Number
of
workers

$
3C

W eekly
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

*

$

35

.nd
under

$

45

$

5C

$

55

$

60

$

65

$

70

$

—

40

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

8C

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

85

9C

95

ICC

105

11C

115

120

125

13C

135

140

—

—

—

-

—

—

—

—

-

—

85

75

$

80
—

40

-

5

(

$

$

*

90

95

10C

lo5

110

115

12C

125

130

135

145
anci

14C

145

over

WOME N - C O N T I N U E D
TY PI S T S , CLASS A -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

97
25
72

40.0
4C.C
4C .0

$
7 1 . 5C
91.00
64 .50

TY P I S T S , CLASS B -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------

379
86
293
43

39.0
39 .5
38.5
39.5

60.50
6 7 . CG
59.00
64.00

19

12

9

6

10

19

12

9

6

10

112
27
85
-

91
12
79
23

51
6
45
2

33
6
27
6

30
11
19
5

8

6
1
5
15
9
6
2

13
1C
3

8
14
3
11
5

9
9

5
5

6
6

-

4
4

2
2

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Birmingham, Ala. , April 1964)
Numb e i• of 1
workers receiving straight-time we ekly earning s of—

Average

$
Number

$

$

1

$

of
workers

Weekly
hours *
(standard)

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

%

$

$

S

$

*

$

$

$

$

75

80

85

90

95

100

1C5

11C

115

12C

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

lfcC

165

170

175

75

Sex, occupation, and industry division

80

85

90

95

ICO

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

14C

145

150

155

160

165

17C

175

180

4
4

4
4

4
4

1

5
3

10
1C

24
16

13
13

22

8

59
58
1

1
1

8

27
26
1

4

~

17
10
7

7
7

2

19
12
7

21
21

1

27
18
9

21
13

-

8
7
1

12
7

-

-

-

-

13

10

10

12
12

15
14

18
12

8
8

2

5

1

2

4
3

Weekly Under
earnings * $
(standard) 70

70
and
under

MEN
D R A F T S M E N , S E NI OR -------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

310
258
52

40.0
4C.0
4C.5

DR AF T S M E N , J U N I O R ------------— _______
MANUFACTURING

126
9S

40 .0

37
25

39.5
40.0

$
139.00
1 4 2 . CO
125.00

16
12

K

,
,

p

-

2
2

WOMEN
N U RS ES , IN D U S T R I A L (REGIS TE RE D) --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

1 0 1 . cc
102.00

_

_

2

_

12
9

1

_

1

1
1

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.




1
1

-

22
-

8

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Birmingham, Ala., April 1964)
Average

Occupatioi

nd industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly

Weekly
earnings *
(standard) (standard)

Number
of
workers

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS— CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Average

Average

Occupation and industry division

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
( standard) ( standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS— CONTINUED
162
13C

39.5
39.5

$
65.00
6 4 . CC

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 -----------------------------------

115
32
83
33

38.5
4C .0
38.0
39.0

$
84.50
91.50
82.00
85.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

46
44

39.0
39.0

64.00
64.00

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

6C
31

39.5
4C.C

68.50
68.00

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

8C
59

39.5
39.0

$
71.50
68.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A --------------

139

39.0

86.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

48
34

4C.5
40 .5

87.50
86.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2---------------------------

197
174
66

39.0
39.0
39.0

66.50
64.50
71.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

265
37
228

4C .0
4C .0
40.0

61.50
63.50
61.00

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2---------------------------

121
101
35

39.5
39.0
39.0

63.50
62.00
64.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2---------------------------

297
20 5
8C

39.5
39.5
39.5

718
255
463
lie

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5

93.50
10 1 . 0 0
89.50
106.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

106
3C
76

4 C .0
40.0
40.0

72.50
89.00
65.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

606
116
490

38.5
4C.C
38.0

71
48

39.0
38.5

9 7 . CO SECRETARIES -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------94.50
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------1 0 9 . CO
PUBLIC UTILITIES2--------------------------73.50
8 0 . 5 0 STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------72.00
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2--------------------------74.00
67.50

651
168
483
17C

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0

75.00
87.00
70.50
78 .C
C

TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2-----------------------------------

413
95
318
67

39.0
39.5
38.5
40 .0

62.00
69.00
59.50
66.00

142
118

38.5
38.0

59.00
55.50

38.5
38.0

54.50
53.50

198
8C
lie

4C.0
4C.0
39.5

9 4 . CC
88.00
98.00

PROFFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

69
61

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

CLERKS, ORDER ----------MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING

12C
27
93

4C.0
40.0
40.0

129
105

41.0
41.5

67.50
63.50

DRAFTSMEN, SENIOR ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

313
26C
53

4 0 .C
40.0
40 .5

139.00
142.00
1 2 5 . CO

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2---------------------------

233
124
109
29

39.5
4C .0
39.5
39.0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS----------------------------8 3 . CC
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------85.00
8 2 . 5 0 SWITCHBOARD OPERATCR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------84.50
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------90.50
7 7 . 5 0 TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------------------------------86.50

105
47
58

39.5
39.5
4 0 .C

73.00
7 6 . 0 0 DRAFTSMEN, JUNIOR ---------------------------------------------7 0 . 5C
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------

130
99

40.0
4C.C

95.00
9 7 . 5C

41

39.0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------

37
25

39.5
40.0

1 0 1 . CO
102.CC

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING —
CLERKS, FILE, CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING
CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C ------NONMANUFACTURING -----------




Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tii
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.

11 0.0 0

salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.

Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

9

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , B ir m in g h a m , A la . , A p r i l 1964)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
Number
of
workers

O ccupation and industry division

$
Average
hourly
earnings1

Under
$

1.50

S

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

t

$

$

i

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

1

1.5C 1.60 1.7C 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.,50 2 .6 C 2.70 2
>.80 2.,90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3 .40 3.60 3.80 4.CC 4.20 4.40
and
under

and

1.60 1.7C 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.1C 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2..60 2.70 2.80 2
>.90 3. CO 3.10 3.2C 3.3C 3.40 3 .60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 over

$

241

3.05
3.10

70 1
' 9 1

3 63
3.64

203
16fc

2.85
3.16

u r il r n c K o t r A T nf T cC n A aN t C rI n A U C o
u a l i t a i AI < rc
n t
C nc
Ka n cr
ii i t r a L l i K i k»r
n Ai ni ui t A r n U o I n b — ----------------------------------------NG NM AN UF AC TU RI NG
—
——
— ——

438
35

2.71
2.77
2.03

MA CHINISTS, MA IN TE NA NC E ---------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------- ----------------------------

593
593

3.55
3.55

n fiti rn
b u iL cK

..................
*
. ..
~~~

3

3

10
10

*

1

2.45
i- r n r u r n
rT iT tn h iin w
rlK cW tN f
5 I A I 1UNAKY
u ik iitcirT iin f u r
n A n llrA t lU K lrlb

b

1

1C

3
3

2

-

-

-

-

10

:

10
10

-

-

1

-

1

20
21
-

6
6

22

21

10

*3

18

-

1

21
21

5
5

2
2

17
17

£

3

2

6

3

2

8

14
5

62
60

2

£

6

-

MECHANICS. AUTOMOTIVE
I R A x u T trl u iA Nrtrt | ...........
i
1 U 1 > IN 1 H l i
u a an i p a r t i m t a i r
n A N u r A t 1U K 1 n u
u nl a ' P A iN iu c A r r 1 U o v N ib
Ua i i r a t ai KI a r
M n

17
16

5C
50

2.71

223
172

2l75

MECHANICS, M A IN TE NA NC E

674

3.25

-

N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG

--------------------------------------

63

2.68

-

-------------------------------------- —
----------------------------------------------

255
255

8
8

----------------------------------------------

154
154

2.76
2.76

n A r P ti T c K o f PAXIN t1 C ai la an r C —————
u a h i f P A it c
r a l i l cn f
——— ——
y A a h U c f l r t i to 1 Ni b - ——— ————
n a N i r a t IU K t a r
————————

58
51

3.07
3.05

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS
MANUFA CT UR IN G —

80
80

3.06
3.06

y A mi Uc ra r t 1UoK t N t
n a N i A T ii
l Air*

M I L L W R I G H T S ------MA NU FA CT UR IN G
OILER''
MA NU FACTURING

-----------------------------——————————————————

-------------------------------------~ —------- ————
—

2.88

3
:

:
-

-

-

:

-

-

3
3

14
13

26
25

*

7

12
11
1
1

16

73

15
15

64
64

18

37
34
3

160
154
6

2

-

34
34

24
24

43
43

70
70

-

-

-

74
74

26
26

-

32
32

-

24
24

-

3

2
2

12
12

7
7

2
2

16
16

-

4

1
1

8

27

-

:

19
16

25
25

18
18

21
10
11

23

16
14

23

2

58
51
7

-

4

j

5

2

6

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2

$

2

2

-

-

18

2

5

2

31
31

5

:

13
13

15
15

-

3

-

A

118
118

21

-

16
16

1

5
4

15
15

3
-

*

18

40
40

10
10

4

236
236

-

-

18
18
48
48

34
34

2
2

11
11

1

18

-

-

-

39
37

-

16
16

122
122

46
46

1C
10

17
17

q

-

42
42

1
4

11
11

21

-

g
g

272
272
22
22

45
45

41
31

-

26
26

28
28

43

9

112
112

71
71

*3

2

80
80

102
102

21

-

1

19

22

38
38

20

3

1

1

3

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Workers were distributed as follows: 5 at $ 0. 90 to $ 1; and 3 at $ 1. 40 to $ 1. 50.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




*

1

-

23
23

-

-

2

2
:

114
114

48
48

1

3.33
3.33

PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------

29
29

16
16

1

2

6

316

*
"

56
56

12

19
18

16

16

4
4
1

5
1

146
146

4

41

10

6

1

g

2

-

~

7
"

I

4

1
1

1

7

3
r

,

1

*

2

5
3

13
13

~L

*

3.31

53
45

1

-

-

-

:

:

:

80
80

-

26
26

-

:

’

:

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

6

6

6

5

-

10

Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , B ir m in g h a m , A la ., A p r i l 1964)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly ea rnings of—

O ccu p a tio n 1 and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

EL EV A T O R OPERATORS, PA SS EN GE R
(WOMEN) ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

93
93

GU A R D S AND WA TC H M E N -----------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------GUARDS:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------WATCHMEN:
MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

Average
hourly
earnings

$

$
. 6C

Under and
$
under
.60
.7 0

$

S
• 7C

. 80

.9 0

$
1.00

%

$

%

1 .10

1.20

1.3 0

1.10

1.20

$
1 .40

$

$

$

1 .50 1.60

.80

.90

43

-

-

-

368
189
179

1.91
2.13

-

_
-

16
16

_
-

101

1.00

3 43

1.30

1.40

1.50

1 .6 0

1.70

2.5 5

“

“

$

40
40
-

22

1 .80 2 . 0 0

1.65

-

-

-

-

112

1.58
2.04
1.25
1.83

18
18
~

18
18
~

30
30
~

51
51
~

JANITORS, PORTERS, AN D CLEA NE RS
(WOMEN) ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

303
279

1.0 3
.96

8
8

114
114

2C

_

20

LABORERS, MA TE RI AL H A N D L I N G -------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G - 7 --------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

1,6 05
73 4
871
26 8

1.82
1.98
1.69
2.2 5

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

OR D E R
FILLERS -----------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

379
34
345

1.65
2.4 7
1.5 7

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

PACKERS, SHIP PI NG -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

291
76

2.2 7
1.58

_

_

_

-

“

RE C E I V I N G CL ER KS --------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

12C
76
44

2.25
2.5 1
1.7 9

_

_

S H I P PI NG CL ER KS ----------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

121

2

-

-

2

SH I P P I N G AND R E C E IV IN G CL ER KS -----M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

179
113

66

2.85
3.06
2.49

T R U C K D R I V E R S 5 ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ---------------

1,911
509
1,402
765

2.3 4
2.18
2.54

TRUC KD RI VE RS , LIGH T (UNDER
1-1/2 TCNS) -----------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

124
41
83

1.60
1.98
1.41

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




t

2.6C

109
109

2.4 0

2 .6 0

83

2.8 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

26

11

19

57

43
43
“

~

8

16

37

6

_

$
3.8 0

$
4 .0 0

_

_
~

_
-

_
-

_
-

~

“

~

10

2

2

4

16

4

3

1C

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

59

6C
26
34
23

6
6

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

38
4

165
137
28
28

30
3C
-

-

_
-

_
-

2

63
16
47
32

27
27

11

60
57
3
3

_

21

24
15
9

66

92

65
9
56

“

“

“

“

~

36
29

22
22

4
3

4

22

2

3

5

_

_

_

_

_

32

-

1

2

9
3

_

1

-

-

48

87
78
9
~

84
79
5
“

39
32
7
3

153
109
44
9

302
217
85
78

118
65
53
33

13 4

16
16
-

_
-

4
4

2
2

113

-

-

_
-

112

-

-

16

2
2

_
-

21

1

57
9

8

-

“

~

20

364
63
301
-

_

_

133

16

21

26

30

16

29

-

-

-

133

16

21

26

30

16

28

71
71

4

15
15
-

_

_

_

25
25

14
14

6

6
6

50
14

5
5

104

24

-

6
6

6

-

6
6

_

1

1

8

11
2

6

1
-

9
3

10

-

22
22

24
23

9

6

1

6

: 9
14
5

1

2C
16

5
4

22
21

9
5
4

_

14

20

40

-

10

14

6

4

6

34

12

326
26
3CC
30C

49
30
19

284
85
199
123

21C
76
134
81

8
8

10
10

_

1

1

8

_

-

1

_

-

1

-

56
56

12
12

_

-

_

140
140

36
36

125
4

20

151
129

121

47

22

_

12
3
9

67

_
"
16
16
-

9
3

_

10
1C

3
3

9
9

45
45

ie
6
12

4
3

8
8

2
-

2

5
5

12

2

21

-

7

6
1

_

_

-

-

37
24
13
13

-

-

~

“

*

4
4
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

*

6

_

over

31

42

_

3 . 80 4 . 0 0

113

2

3
3

3 •4C 3 . 6 C

30

6
6

164
-

_
-

~

11

2

166

_

~

15
4

30

2C

2

_

$
3.60

15
15
“

-

_

_
-

22

4

2

18
18
“

_

_
-

6

2
12

16
16

_

3C
30

14

2
2

_

-

3.20

4

5

8
1
_

$
$
3 • 2C 3 . 4 C

3.0C

10

44
44

-

_

$
3.00

-

15
15
~

2.20

15

1

-

$
2.80

60
31
29

2.92
3.00

2.22

$
2.4 0

5
5

4

88

108

2.20

5
5

22

~

994
422
572

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEA NE RS --MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

$

2.00

and

$
0.78
.7 8

1.68

$

1 .7C 1 . 8 0

-

“

-

7

30

_

_

_

_

2

2
2

3

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

2
1

23
23

1
1

16
16

6
6

4
4

37
33
4

12
12
-

61

261
4
257
257

_

17
16

1

8
53

ICC

ICO
-

-

_
-

20

_

_

?C

-

“

-

_
-

_

-

-

30
30
-

2
2

_
-

_
—

_
-

-

~

“

-

-

~

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued

11

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Birmingham, Ala., April 1964)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of----

Occupation 13 and industry division
2

of
w
orkers

$

.90

1.00

1.10

1.20

$
1.30

$
1.4 0

$
1.50

.80

.90

1.00

1.10

1.20

1.30

1.40

1.50

1 . 6C 1.70

12

-

46

137

21

3

12

-

80
4
76

$

$

•7C

$
1.7C

$

$

1 .80

2 .CC 2 . 2 0

$

i

$

2.4 0

2.60

$
2.8 0

$
3.0 0

$
3
!.2C

$
3. 4 C

$
3.60

2.4 C 2.60

2. 8 C

3.CC

3.2 0

3!.4C

3. 6 C

3.80 4 .0 0

195
19
176

28

209

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

27
-

2C9
209

-

-

-

-

-

102

154
70
84
51

22
22
20

56
50
30

30
26

48
48
48

-

_

_
_

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

60

-

-

-

_

_

_

“

“

$
3.80

and

~
1 •8 C 2 . 0 0

2.20

$
4.00

over

CONTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TC
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTUPING --------------------------------mini ¥r i i 1 i i 1 t f 4
.........
rl/DL 11 U t 1iLI r t1 l O

1,404
240
1, 164
e>o«*

TRUCKDRIVERS* HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS*
TRAILER TYPE) ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4 ----------------------------

194
149
98

2.60
2.8 2
2.89

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE)-----------------

87

2.22

y i A d ir& r t k h T iir
^A N U rA tlU K lN b

TRUCKERS,POWER (FCRKLIFT ) ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTUPING ------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

$
1.60

under

.60

TRUCKDRIVERS5 -

*

.80

$
.60

hourly
earnings

$

.7 0

3

$

8
1
438
327

111

$
2.1 5
2.13
2.15

2.21
2.36
1.75

-

137

21

2
2

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

3
3

Data limited to men wo rkers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes prem iu m pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Wor ker s were distributed as follows: 40 at $0.40 to $0 .50 ; and 3 at $0 .50 to $0.60.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers reg ar dl es s of size and type of truck operated.




46

47
14
33

-

9
9

-

15
15

6
33
33

-

2
2
-

-

65
47
18

102
81

-

9
9

21

-

-

27
-

8
-

1
1

18
18

-

-

63
63

_
-

3
3

-

~

-

318
18
3CC

-

-

39

20
19

-

-

44

18

29
5

15
3

3

5

ou

41
34
7

1

71
71

3
3

20
2
18

_

_

-

_

-

-

38
38

4
4

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

12

Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is trib u tio n o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu died in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by m in im um en tran ce s a la r y fo r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s , B irm in g h a m , A la. , A p r il 1964)
Other i n exp eri en ced c l e r ic a l w or k ers 2

Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Mi ni mum weekly st ra ig ht -t im e s a l a r y 1

B ase d on standard ■ eekly hours 3 of—
w

A ll
i ndustries

All
schedules

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

All
schedules

40

Nonmanufacturing

B as ed on standard weekly hours 3 of—

A ll
industries

A ll
schedules

40

40

All
schedules

40

E sta bl is hm en ts s t u d i e d ----------------------------------------------------------------

130

49

XXX

81

XXX

130

49

XXX

81

XXX

E sta bl ish me nt s having a specified m i n i m u m ------------------------

39

15

15

24

16

60

23

22

37

27

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

4

4

-

$ 4 0.00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 50. 00
$ 52.50
$ 55. 00
$ 5 7 . 50
$ 60. 00
$ 62. 50
$ 65. 00
$ 6 7 . 50
$ 7 0.00
$ 7 2 . 50
$ 7 5.00
$ 7 7 . 50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under $ 4 2 . 5 0 -------------------------------------------------------under $ 4 5 . 00-------------------------------------------------------under $ 4 7 . 50------------------------------------------------------under $ 50. 00 ------------------------------------------------------under $ 52. 50------------------------------------------------------- V
'
under $ 5 5 . 0 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------under $ 57. 50 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------under $ 6 0 . 0 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------under $ 6 2 . 50 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------under $ 6 5 . 00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------under $ 67. 50 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------under $ 7 0. 00 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------under $ 72. 50 ___________________________________________________
under $ 7 5 . 00 ------------------------------------------------------under $ 7 7 . 50-------------------------------------------------------ov e r -------------------------------------------------------------------------

4

1
15

2

1

1

4
4

3

3

1
-

1
-

1
-

3

3

3

4

1

6

-

1
11
1
1

9

1
8
1

6
2

2
1

1

3
23
5

8
1

15
4

13
3

-

6

4

4

3

2
1
1

3

1
1

1
1
1
2
-

-

-

2
2
1
1

1
2
1
1

1

1

1

2

2

2

-

1
-

E sta bli shm en ts having no specified m i n i m u m ----------------------

11

6

XXX

5

E sta bl is hm en ts which did not empl oy w or ker s
in this c at eg ory -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

80

28

XXX

52

1
1
1

1
1
2
1
3

1
1
2

4

2
2

2
2

2

2

XXX

15

7

XXX

8

XXX

XXX

55

19

XXX

36

XXX

-

T h ese s a la r ie s re la te to fo r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m sta rtin g (h irin g) re g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s that a r e paid fo r standard w ork w eek s.
E x clu d es w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r o r o f fic e g ir l.
D ata a re p r e s e n te d fo r a ll standard w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d , and fo r the m o s t c o m m o n standard w ork w e e k r e p o r te d .




1
-




13
Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa c tu r in g plant w o r k e r s b y typ e and am ou n t o f d iffe r e n t ia l,
B ir m in g h a m , A la . , A p r il 1964)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts having fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

Shift d iffe r e n tia l

S e co n d sh ift
w o rk

T o ta l—

---------------

------------------------------------------------------------

—

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift wOrk

95 . 0

83 . 7

A c t u a lly wo rk in g on —

S e co n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

20. 6

9. 0

W ith s h ift pay d i ff e r e n t i a l ------------------------------------------------

83 . 5

77.8

17.9

8. 5

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r ) ------------------------------------------

80. 7

71.7

17. 2

8. 4

2 c e n t s ________________________________________________
3 c e n t s ______________________________________ __
4 c e n t s --------------------------------- ----------------------------------------5 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------6 r^n ts
7 ce n ts
------------------------------------- ---------------------------------7 V2 c e n t s ________ - ____________ ____ ___ _________
8 c e n ts — -------------------------------- ---------- ------------------9 c e n ts ________________________________________________
1 0 c e n t s __- ________ ________________________ ___
1 2 c e n t s ---------- -------------------------------- — —
---------15 c e n t s — -------------------------- ------------------------------20 c e n t s -------------------------------------------- — ------------------2 2 V2 c e n t s ---------------------------------------- ---------------------------

. 8
. 5

-

-

3. 6
. 7
4. 8
3. 4
1.3
57. 1

.

-

F u ll d a y 's pay f o r r e d u c e d h ou rs

-----

------------

F u ll d a y 's pay f o r r e d u c e d h ou rs plus
c e n ts p e r h o u r _______________________________
F o r m a l pa id lu n ch p e r io d -----------------------------------------W ith n o sh ift pay d i f f e r e n t i a l ------------------- ------------------

8

1.9
4. 4

. 3
. 3

1.3

-

. 6
. 3

-

12. 7

-

1.0

3 .4
5. 1

5. 9
54. 2
2. 0
. 5

.
1.
-

-

-

2. 0

.

*

4. 2

-

0

7. 4
.
-

"

7

-

3

.2

2. 0

.

6

7

1 .0

11. 5

.

( 2)

3

( 2)

.

3

-

.

5. 9

2. 8

1

. 5

1 In clu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s , and e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te
e v e n though th ey w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts .
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t.

s h ifts

14
Table B-3.

Scheduled W eekly Hours

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r i l 1964)
O F F IC E

W ORKERS

PLANT W ORKERS

W eek ly hou rs
A ll in d u s tr ie s 1

A ll w o r k e r s _______________________________________

TTriHpr 87

V in n r s

100

M a n u fa c t u r in g

100

P u b lic u tilitie s 1
2

100

A ll in d u s trie s 3

100

M a n u fa c t u r in g

100

P u b lic u tilitie s 2

100

4

1

1

12

2

28

5

2

-

-

-

_

74

93

70

81

96

87

1

_

4

4 9 V 2 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------

_

_

80 h o u r s

1

3 7 V 2 h o u r s ________________________
3 8 3/ 4

h o u r s ------------------------------------------------

4 0 lin n r a

O ver

40

.... ...

......................

and under

44

h o u r s _____

1

and under

48

h o u r s ----------

2

4 4 V ~iv| r- a
w

O ver

4 4

(4)

1

3

(4 )
......

1

3

1

48 h o u r s

O v er

..

4
1
2
2

50

h o u r s -----------------------------------------

1
2
3
4

Includes data for who lesa le trade; retail trade; finance, ins ura nce , and real estate; and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those industry divisions shown se p ar at ely .
Transportation, commu nicat ion, and other public utilities.
Includes data for who les ale trade, ret ail trade, r ea l estat e, and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separat ely.
L e s s than 0. 5 percent.




_

6
1
4

4
_
_

2

15
Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r i l 1964)

O F F IC E

PLAN T W ORKERS

W ORKERS

Item
A ll in d u s t r ie s 1

A ll w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p aid h o l id a y s ------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no paid h o l id a y s --------------------------------------------------

100

99
1

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s 1
2

A ll in d u s tr ie s 3 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s 2

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

92

94

96

"

8

6

4

(4 )

N u m ber o f days

L e s s than 5 h o l id a y s --------------------------------------------5 h o l id a y s --------------------------------------------------------------5 h olid a y s plu s 1 h a lf day------------------------------------6 h o l id a y s _________________________________________
6 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf day------------------------------------6 h olid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------------7 h o l id a y s ------------------------- ----------------------------------7 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf d a y ------------------------------------8 h o l id a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------

1

1

32

11

2

2

5
6

3

_
3
9
12

2

2

43

62

6
70
-

-

-

16

9
9
53
59
64
66
98
99
99

16
16
80
82
86
88
99
99
99

_
10

_
10

5

2

9

2
22

71
6

17
5
58
6
-

5
5
59
59
67
68
90
90
92

6
6
79
79
83
84
94
94
94

6
64
69
87
87
96
96
96

1

1

7

4
-

1

1
53
1

1

T o ta l h o lid a y tim e 5
8 d a y s ------------------------------;---------------------- ^------- -------7 V2 days o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------7 days o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------6V2 days o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------6 days o r m o r e ___________________________________
5V2 days o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------5 days o r m o r e ______________________________ ______
4 days o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------2 days o r m o r e ___________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
no h a lf

_
-

76
88
97
97
100
100
100

_

In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in s u ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other pu b lic u tilitie s .
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e ta il tr a d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
A ll c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount are co m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a tota l of 7 days in clu d es th ose w ith 7 full days and
d ays, 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf days, and s o on. P r o p o r t io n s w e re then cu m u lated.




16
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r i l 1964)

OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All industries 2

A ll w o r k e r s _______________________________________

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

4
Ail industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
-

100
100
-

99
99
-

99
92
7
1
-

100
89
11
-

96
96
-

M ethod o f paym ent

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid v a c a t io n s -----------------------------------------------------L e n g th -o f-tim e p a y m e n t-------------------------------P e r c e n ta g e paym ent---------------------------------------F la t -s u m paym ent --------- ----------------- — —
O ther
_
____________ ___________________
W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid v a c a tio n s ------------------ --------------- ---------

1

( 5)

A m ount o f v a c a tio n pay 6
A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ----- ------------- ------ ------------------------- --------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------ - ------------------------------

_
45
-

13
10
( 5)
-

13
6
( 5)
-

6
27
-

( 5)
88
11
"

_
95
5
-

_
72

1

55
44
-

13
2
79
6
( 5)

12
1
72
15
1

20
6
73
-

73
2
24
-

89
1
11
-

46
3
47
-

5
( 5)
89
6
(5)

6
1
77
15
1

( 5)
99

25
4
70

24
5
68

-

-

-

-

2

3

1
95
-

4
( 5)
90
6
( 5)

6
1
77
15
1

( 5)
99

24
4
71

24
5
68

1
95

13
47
7
( 5)

19
58
2
1

_
32
5
61
1
( 5)

_
16
15
68

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ------------------------------- ----------------------1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------- ---------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s ____________________________________________

-

-

24
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s _— ------------------- ------------------------------ —
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------- -----------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------- ------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------- ---------

_

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k --------------------- ------ ----------------------- — —
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s __________________ ___________ _____________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s _____ ________________ ___________________

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b l e .




_
-

-

-

2

3

-

17
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1 Continued
—

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s an d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r i l 1964)

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o l ic y
All industries 2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Public utilities1

A m oun t o f v a c a tio n pay 6— C on tinued

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------

2
91
5
1
1

2
80
15
3
-

2
50
10
38
1
"

2
23
23
52
1
"

2
46
12
39
1
-

2
23
22
52
1
-

_
-

10
( 5)
86

5

_

-

-

96
-

54
43

-

-

-

4
-

91
4
"

10
( 5)
39
5
45
2

5
30
7
55
3

10
( 5)
35
5
48

5

_

-

-

28
7
57

-

-

-

"

2

3

37
6
54
_

_

10
( 5)
19
1
68
2
"

5
12
1
80
3
"

.
4
91
2
-

10
( 5)
15
1
67
5
2

5
8
2
81
2
3

_
4
76
17

99

■

A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v er 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------4 w e e k s ____________________________________________

_
40
59
-

-

A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k '--------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------

_
35
-

65

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O ver 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O ver 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------

2

2

-

-

-

21
5
60
1
12
( 5)

12
15
34
35
1

3
96
1
-

2
19
5
54
1
19
( 5)

2
12
15
32
2
37
1

_
3
92
4

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e .




18
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1 Continued
—

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r i l 1964)

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLANT W ORKERS

V a ca tio n p o lic y
A ll in d u s trie s 2

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s 3

2
19
5
33
2
39
( 5)

2
12
15
19
4
47
1

_
3
33
64

2
19
5
28
2
44
( 5)

2
12
15
19
4
47
1

A ll in d u s tr ie s ^

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ili t ie s 3

A m ount o f v a c a tio n pay 6— Continued

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 we ek__ ____ ___ ___ __ ____ ____ ____ ___ _____ ______
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s ___________________________________ _____
O ver 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s _______________________
^ w p p Ics
.
__
........
....
O ver 3 and und er 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------

-

10
( 5)
15
1
27
3
42
2

5
8
2
25
5
52
3

10
( 5)
15
1
27
3
42
2

5
8
2
25
5
52
3

_
_
4
31
_
61
-

A fte r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek _________________ __________________________
O ver 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ________ _________________________________
O ver 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------ ---------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------/
4 w e e k s -------------- -------------------------------------- —
O ver 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------

3
-

33
-

64

4
_

31
-

61

1 Inclu des b a s ic plans on ly. E x clu d e s plans su ch as v a c a t io n -s a v in g s and th ose plans w h ich o f fe r "e x te n d e d " or "s a b b a t ic a l" b e n efits b ey on d b a s ic plans to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g len gth s
o f s e r v ic e . T y p ic a l o f su ch e x c lu s io n s a r e plans r e c e n t ly n e g o tia te d in the s te e l, alum in um , and can in d u s tr ie s .
2 Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r public u t ilit ie s .
4 Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
6 Inclu des paym ents o th er than "len gth o f tim e , " su ch as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual e a rn in gs o r fla t -s u m paym en ts, co n v e r te d to an equ ivalen t tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , a paym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f annual ea rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individ ual p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the
ch an ges in p r o p o r tio n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in clu d e ch an ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E stim a tes a r e cu m u la tiv e.
T h us, the p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay
o r m o r e a fte r 5 y e a r s in clu d e s th ose who r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .




19
Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n b e n e fit s , 12 B irm in g h a m , A l a . , A p r il 1964)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

T yp e o f b e n e fit
A ll in d u s trie s

A ll w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------------

2

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s 3

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

100

100

100

100

100

P u b lic u tilitie s 3

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :
L ife i n s u r a n c e ---------------------- ------------------------A c c id e n t a l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------------------S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r both 5 __________________________

96

95

97

85

91

92

47

34

50

33

25

48

73

80

75

73

85

67

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e _________
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aitin g p e r io d ) ___________________________
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aitin g p e r io d ) ------------------------------------------

31

67

19

58

78

32

54

67

27

13

8

22

9

2

34

10

7

34

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e ____________________
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e ____________________________
C a ta s tro p h e in s u r a n c e ________________________
R e tir e m e n t p e n s i o n ----------------------------------------No health , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p l a n -------

76
77
59
44
83
2

88
88
60
31
86
1

99
99
91
74
72
1

79
80
39
22
65
7

89
89
36
14
78
2

96
96
83
69
68
4

1 In clu d es th o s e plans fo r w h ich at le a s t a part o f the c o s t is b o rn e b y the e m p lo y e r , e x ce p t th o se le g a lly r e q u ir e d , su ch as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d re tir e m e n t.
2 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er pu b lic u t ilitie s .
4 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 U n du plica ted to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k leave o r s ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce show n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w . S ick le a v e plans a re lim ite d to th ose w h ich d e fin ite ly es ta b lis h at lea st
the m in im u m nu m ber o f d a y s ' pay that can be e x p e cte d by ea ch e m p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s ic k leave a llo w a n ce s d e te rm in e d on an in divid u al b a s is a r e e xclu d ed .




20
Table B-7.

Paid Sick Leave

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e
p r o v i s i o n s , B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r i l 1964)

O F F IC E

PLANT W ORKERS

W ORKERS

S ick leave p r o v is io n
A ll in d u strie s

1

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s 1
2

A ll in d u s trie s 3

M a n u fa c t u r in g

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

10 0. 0

62. 5

6 9 .4

60. 3

2 3 .4

15. 0

56. 0

37. 5

30. 6

39. 7

76. 6

85. 0

44. 0

U n iform p la n :4
No w aiting p e r i o d -------------------------------------------F u ll pay 5 -------------------------------------------- -----3 d a y s ----------- --------------------------------------5 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------6 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------10 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------1 2 d a y s __________________________________
15 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------22 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------30 d a y s---------------------------------------------------P a r t ia l pay o n l y — __ -----------------------------W aiting p e r io d , fu ll p a y----------------------------------

26. 2
25. 8
5. 0
1.9
5. 3
5 .4
.3
2. 5
4. 8
.2
.4
1. 2

3 3 .4
32. 2
15. 0
2. 7
2. 1
5. 3
6. 8
1. 2
1. 3

26. 7
26. 7
1. 1
20. 9
1 .9
1 .4
4. 6

11. 5
8. 7
3. 1
1. 1
1.8
1. 5
.5
.4
.4
2. 8
2. 3

10. 7
6. 1
4. 2
•
.5
1. 0
4. 6
2. 9

22. 5
22. 5
5. 9
8 .4
4 .4
3. 8
5. 3

G raduated p la n 4 — A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e ;
No w aitin g p e r i o d -------------------------------------------F u ll pay 5 -----------------------------------------------------20 d a y s __________________________________
40 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------F u ll pay plus p a r tia l pay 5 ________________
10 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------5 days p e r d is a b ilit y ---------------------------W aiting p e r i o d -------------------------------------------------F u ll p a y -------------------------------------------------------P a r t ia l pay o n l y ------------------------------------------

28. 0
19. 8
6. 5
9 .7
8. 2
5. 2
1. 0
7. 1
1.2
5. 8

34. 7
30. 7
29. 7
4. 0
2. 9
-

28. 6
.4
28. 2

4. 1
2. 3
1.8
1. 5
5. 1
2. 0
3. 1

.4
.4
1. 0
1. 0
-

24. 3
6. 7
17. 6

G raduated p la n 4 — A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
No w aitin g p e r i o d -------------------------------------------F u ll pay 5 -----------------------------------------------------30 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------140 d a y s -------------------------------------------------80— d a y s ---------------------------------------------90
F u ll pay plus p a r tia l pay 5 -----------------------15 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------70 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------35 days p e r d is a b ilit y --------------------------W aiting p e r i o d -------------------------------------------------F u ll p a y -------------------------------------------------------F u ll pay plus p a r tia l p a y --------------------------P a r t ia l pay o n l y ------------------------------------------

34. 1
19. 8
4. 1
2 .4
9. 7
14. 3
4. 8
4. 9
1. 0
1. 1
. 1
.1
.9

34. 7
30. 7
29. 7
4. 0
2. 9
-

28. 2
28. 2
28. 2
.8
.4
.5
-

7. 3
2 .9
4 .4
.5
1.8
2 .4
.7
.4
1. 3

1 .4
1 .4
-

17. 6
17. 6
17. 6
10. 6
6. 7
4. 0
"

14. 1

7. 1

23. 2

5. 0

2. 0

2 5 .4

A ll w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------------------

-

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
fo r m a l p aid s ic k le a v e --------------------------------------W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no fo r m a l p aid s ic k le a v e ----------------------------------

100. 0

P u b lic u tilitie s 2

100. 0

T yp e and am ount o f paid s ic k
le a v e p r o v id e d annually

5

P r o v is io n s fo r a ccu m u la tio n
W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts having
p r o v is io n s fo r a ccu m u la tio n o f
unused s ic k l e a v e -----------------------------------------------

1 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to those in du stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
2 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilit ie s .
3 In clu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
4 "U n ifo r m p la n s " a r e d efin ed as th o se f o r m a l plans under w h ich an e m p lo y e e , a fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e , is entitled to the sam e num ber o f d a y s ' p aid s ic k le a v e e a c h y e a r . "G ra d u a ted
p la n s " a re d efin ed as th o se fo r m a l plans under w h ich an e m p lo y e e 's le a v e v a r ie s a c c o r d in g to length o f s e r v ic e . P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n . E s tim a te s r e fle c t p r o v is io n s
a p p lic a b le at the stated length o f s e r v ic e but do not r e fle c t p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n . T h us, the p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 15 d a y s ' s ic k le a v e a fter 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e m a y a ls o r e c e iv e this am ount
a fter g r e a te r o r l e s s e r lengths o f s e r v ic e .
^ M ay in clu d e p r o v is io n s o th er than th o se p re s e n te d s e p a r a te ly . N u m bers o f days shown under " F u ll pay plus p a rtia l p a y " are days fo r w h ich w o r k e r s r e c e iv e s ic k le a v e at fu ll pay; w o r k e r s
a re en titled to add ition al days o f s ic k le a v e at p a r tia l pay.




Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bu­
reau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C la s s A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B i l l e r , m a ch in e ( b illin g m ach in e ). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C la s s B . Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B i l l e r , m ach in e (h o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e) . Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C la s s 4 . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

21

22
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G -C ontinued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a s s is t in preparing,
adjusting, and closin g journal entries; and may direct c la ss B a c­
counting clerks.

Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple co st accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

C L E R K , FILE

Class A , In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter file s , c la ssifie s and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the file s . May lead a small group of lower lev el file
clerks.

Class B# Sorts, co d es, and files u nclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly cla ssifie d material by finer
subheadings.
Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
A s requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service file s .

C LE RK , ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

C LE R K , PAYRO LL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n e c e s­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a s s is t paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f sta tis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE O P E R A TO R (MIMEOGRAPH OR D ITTO )

Class C . Performs routine filing of material that has already
been cla ssified or which is ea sily cla ssified in a simple serial
classification system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ica l).
A s requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service file s.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

23
KEYPU N C H O P E R A T O R

C l a s s A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
lev el keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C l a s s B . Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

O F F IC E BOY OR GIRL

Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
D o es not i n c lu d e tran scribin g-m ach in e work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. D o e s not in c lu d e t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e u o r k .

24
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
C la s s C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C l a s s A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
D o es not i n c lu d e working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C l a s s B # Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.
C la s s A, Performs one or more o f the fo l l o w i n g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

C la s s B. Performs one or more o f the f o l l o w i n g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

25
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSM AN

DRAFTSM AN-Continued

Leader.

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen

in preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes.

Duties involve a combination of the following:

Inter­

preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­

Junior (assistant).
prepared by

manufacturing purposes.
required.

Draws to scale units or parts of drawings

draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
U ses various types of drafting tools as

May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or

perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.

mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems.

May

a s s is t subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse

who gives nursing service under general

medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid

Senior. Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,

to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* in­

rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­

juries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for

facturing purposes.

Duties involve a combination of the following:

Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps,

compensation or other purposes; a ssisting in physical examinations and

c r o ss-se c tio n s,

health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and carry­

e tc ., to sca le by use of drafting instruments; making engineering

ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­

computations

ation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­

such

as

those

involved in strength of materials,

beams, and tru sse s; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,

fare, and safety of all personnel.

materials to be used, and quantities; writing specification s; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specification s.

May

ink in lin es and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
complete drawings, or trace drawings.
cia lize d
structural

field

such

as

architectural,

Work is frequently in a spe­
electrical, mechanical, or

drafting.

TR AC E R
Copies
plans
and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. U ses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools.

May prepare simple draw­

ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
C A R P E N T E R , M AINTENANCE
Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable




C A R P E N T E R , M AINTENANCE-Continued

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

26
E LE C TR IC IA N , MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, d is­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
outs, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption.
May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establish•
ments employing more than one engineer are excluded .

H E L P E R , MAINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and too ls; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or too ls;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helperis permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time b a sis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jig s, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selectin g feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to sele ct proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssification .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIO N ARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner;
and checks water
and safety v alv es.
May clean, o il, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds o f machining; knowledge of the working

27
MACHINIST, M A IN TE N A N C E -C ontinued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common m etals; selecting standard m aterials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assem bling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to str e sse s, strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTO M O TIV E (M AINTENANCE)
Repairs autom obiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
g ag es, d rills, or sp ec ia lized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
v a lv e s; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessary adjustm ents; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and ligh ts, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually a c­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

M ECHANIC, M A INTE N AN C E
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
m achines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.
Excluded from this cla ssification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of.m echanical equipment of an establishment.

P A IN TE R , M AINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w a lls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or con sisten cy. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

P IP E F IT T E R , M AINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written sp ecifica tio n s; cutting various s iz e s of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assem bling pipe with couplings

28
P IP E F IT T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E -C ontinued

SHEET-M ETAL WORKER, M A IN T E N A N C E -C ontinued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and s iz e of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general,

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing

the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and

sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
TO O L AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

P LU M B E R , M AINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work in volves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SH E E T -M E T A L WORKER, M AINTENANCE
Fabricates, in sta lls, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh e lv es, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other sp ecifica tio n s; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop too ls, g a g es, jig s , fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp ecifica tio n s;
using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision m eas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and selectin g appro­
priate materials, tools, and p ro ce sse s.
In general, the tool and die
maker's work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this c la ssific a tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
E L E V A T O R O P E R A T O R , PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary. Includes gate-




men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.

29
P A C K ER , SHIPPING

JA N ITO R , P O R T E R , OR C LE A N E R
(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishm ent.

Duties involve a combination of the following:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance serv ic es; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who sp ecia lize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e , and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make

wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
L A B O R E R , M A TE R IA L HANDLING

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockSHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

man or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the follow -

ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, sh elv­
ing,

or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;

and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded .

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.

ping work involves:
routes,

available

Ship­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

means

of transportation, and

rates;

and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up b ills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or a ssist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.

work involves:

May

Receiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER F IL L E R

dise

or materials

to proper departments; and maintaining necessary

records and file s.

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise

in accordance with specifications on sa le s

tomers* orders, or other instructions.

slip s, cus­

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

30
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such a s: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishm ents
and customers* houses or places of business. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded .
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssifie d by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under i y tons)
Truckdriver, medium (iy2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




TR U CK E R , POWER
Operates a manually controlled gaso lin e- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.

For wage study purposes, workers are c la ssifie d by type of
truck, as follows:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.







Available On Request—
The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963* 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the la test available bulletins is presen ted below . A d ir e c to r y indicating dates o f e a r lie r stu d ies, and the p r ic e s of the bulletins is
availab le on req u est. B u lletin s may be purch ased from the Superintendent o f D ocu m en ts, U .S . G overnm ent Printin g O ffice , W ashington, E'. C. , 20402,
or fr o m any o f the BLS re g io n a l sales o ffic e s shown on the inside front c o v e r .
Bulletin
number

Bulletin
num ber

P r ic e

A rea

A k ron , O h io _______________________________________ 1345-81
Albany— chenectady— r o y ,N. Y 1
S
T
_________________ 1385-52
A lbu qu erque, N. M e x 1___________________________ 1385-61
Allentow n— eth leh em -E a st on,' P a. — J 1----------- 1385-53
B
N.
Atlanta, G a ________________________________________ 1345-71
B a ltim o re , M d ___________________________________ 1385-24
Beaum ont— o r t A rth u r, T e x ____________________ 1345-67
P
B irm in g h am , A l a 1________________________________ 1385-63
B o is e , Id a h o ______________________________________ 1345-74
B o s to n , M a s s 1
__________ . _________ -_______ . . . . . . - 1385-16

20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents

M iam i, F l a 1______________________________________
M ilw aukee, W i s __________________________________
M inneapolis—
St. P a u l, M in n ____________________
M uskegon— uskegon H eights, M i c h ____________
M
N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity, N. J 1__________________
New Haven, C o n n 1_______________________________
New O rle a n s, L a _________________________________
New Y ork , N. Y 1
__________________________________
N orfolk— ortsm ou th and N ew port News—
P
Ham pton, Va 1__________________________________
Oklahoma C ity, O k la ____________________________

1385-29
1385-56
1385-39
1345-69
1385-49
1385-37
1385-42
1345-79

25
25
25
20
30
25
25
40

1345-75
1385-2

25 cents
20 cents

B u ffalo, N. Y ______________________________________
B u rlin gton, V t ___________. . . . . . . .
_____ ——
Canton, O h io ______________________________________
C h arleston , W. V a 1
----------------------------------------------C h arlotte, N. C 1
__________________________________
C hattanooga, Tenn. — a __________________________
G
C h ica g o, 1111. . .
—. . .
C incin nati, Ohio— 1_____________________________
Ky
C levelan d , O h io __________________________________
C olum bu s, O h io __________________________________

1385-33
1385-47
1345-64
1385-57
1385-55
1385-5
1345-65
1385-58
1385-11
1385-25

25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents

Omaha, N eb r. —
Iowa 1
____________________________
P a terson —
Clifton— a s s a ic , N. J 1________________
P
P h iladelph ia, P a. — J 1_________________________
N.
P h oen ix, A r i z 1_________________ __________________
P ittsb u rg h , P a ___________________________________
P ortla n d , Maine 1
_________________________________
P ortla n d , Or eg. — a s h __________________________
W
P ro v id e n ce —
Paw tucket, R. I .— a s s 1
M
____________
R aleigh, N. C 1
____________________________________
R ich m on d, Va 1
___________________________________

1385-14
1385-62
1385-31
1385-54
1385-38
1385-22
1345-73
1345-70
1385-7
1385-23

25
25
30
25
25
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D a lla s, T e x _______________________________________
D avenport— ock Island— o lin e , Iowa—
R
M
111______ _
D ayton, O h io 1_____________________________________
D en v er, C o l o 1. _______ ________ ________ . . . . . _. . . . .
D es M oin es, Io w a 1_______________________________
D etroit, M ich _____________________________________ _
F o rt W orth , T e x __________________________________
G reen B ay, W i s __________________________________
G re e n v ille , S . C __________________________________
H ouston, T ex ____________ ______1345-82

1385-15
1385-12
1385-40
1385-34
1385-44
1385-43
1385-19
1385-4
1345-68

25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

R o c k fo rd , 1111____________________________________
St. L o u is, M o . - I l l _______________________________
Salt Lake C ity, U ta h _____________________________
San A ntonio, T e x 1
________________________________
San B ern ardin o— iv e rsid e — n tario, C a lif 1____
R
O
San D ieg o, C a lif__________________________________
San F r a n cis c o —
Oakland, C a lif 1
__________________
Savannah, G a _____________________________________
Scranton, P a 1____________________________________
Seattle, W a s h 1___________________________________

1385-60
1385-21
1385-28
1345-78
1385-9
1385-13
1385-36
1345-60
1385-8
1385-10

25
25
20
25
25
20
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Indianapolis, Ind 1
_________________________________
Ja ck son , M i s s 1___________________________________
J a ck s o n v ille , F l a _________________________________
K ansas C ity, M o. —
Kans 1________________________
L aw ren ce— a v erh ill, M a s s .— H ______________
H
N.
L ittle R ock— orth L ittle R o c k , A r k _____________
N
L os A n g eles—
Long B ea ch , C a lif 1
_________________
L o u is v ille , K y .-I n d ______________________________
L u bbock, T e x _____________________________________
M a n ch ester, N. H _________________________________
M em ph is, T e n n 1__________________________________

1385-30
1385-41
1385-32
1385-26
1345-77
1385-3
1385-59
1385-50
1345-72
1385-1
1385-35

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
30 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

Sioux F a lls , S. Dak 1_____________________________
South Bend, In d 1
__________________________________
Spokane, W a sh 1 _________________________________
.
T o le d o , O h io _____________________________________
T ren ton , N. J _____________________________________
W ashington, D . C . - M d . - V a _____________________
W aterbu ry, C o n n 1
________________________________
W a terloo, I o w a __________________________________
W ich ita, K a n s____________________________________
W o r c e s te r , M a ss_________________________________
Y o rk , P a 1________________________________________

1385-20
1385-51
1345-66
1385-46
1385-27
1385-17
1385-48
1385-18
1385-6
1345-80
1385-45

25
25
25
20
20
25
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

A rea

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




P r ic e
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102