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Occupational Wage Survey

SAN FRANCISCO-OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA
JANUARY 1964

Bulletin No. 1 3 8 5 - 3 6




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
B U REA U O F LA B O R STATISTIC S
Ewan C lague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
SAN FRANCISCO-OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA




JANUARY 1964

Bulletin No. 1385-36
A pril 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price i5 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
T h e B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics p r o g r a m o f annual
o c cu p a tio n a l w ag e s u r v e y s in m e tro p o lita n a rea s is d e ­
sig n e d to p r o v id e data on o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s, and e s ­
ta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s .
It y ie ld s d e ta ile d data by s e le c t e d in du stry d iv is io n s fo r
m e tr o p o lita n a r e a la b o r m a r k e t s , fo r e c o n o m ic r e g io n s ,
and fo r the U nited S ta tes. A m a jo r co n s id e r a tio n in the
p r o g r a m is the n eed fo r g r e a te r insight into (a) the m o v e ­
m en t o f w a g es b y o c cu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l,
and (b) the s tr u c tu r e and le v e l o f w ages am ong la b o r
m a rk e ts and in d u stry d iv is io n s .

I n tr o d u c tio n ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g ro u p s -----------------------------------------------T a b le s :
1.
2.

A:
A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t and an in dividu al a r e a
b u lle tin p r e s e n t s u r v e y r e s u lts fo r ea ch la b or m a rk et
stu d ied . A ft e r c o m p le t io n o f a ll o f the in dividu al a r e a
b u lletin s fo r a roun d o f s u r v e y s , a tw o p a rt su m m a ry
b u lletin is is s u e d . T he fir s t p a rt b rin g s data fo r ea ch o f
the la b o r m a rk e ts stu d ied into one b u lletin . The se c o n d
p a rt p r e s e n ts in fo r m a tio n w h ich has been p r o je c te d fr o m
in d iv id u a l la b o r m a rk e t data to re la te to e c o n o m ic r e g io n s
and the U nited S ta tes.

B:

E ig h ty -tw o la b o r m a rk e ts c u r re n tly a re in clu d ed
in the p r o g r a m . In fo rm a tio n on occu p a tion a l earn in gs is
c o lle c t e d an n ually in e a ch a r e a . In form ation on e s t a b lis h ­
m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s is
ob ta in ed b ie n n ia lly in m o s t o f the a r e a s .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts re su lts o f the su r v e y in
San F r a n c is c o — ak la n d, C a lif. , in January 1964. It w as
O
p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in San F r a n c is c o ,
b y R o b e r t L . O r r , u nder the d ir e c tio n o f W illia m P .
O 'C o n n o r . T h e study w as under the g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f
John L . D ana, A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c to r fo r W ages and
In d u stria l R e la tio n s .




1
4

E sta b lish m en ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y
and n u m ber s t u d ie d -----------------------------------------------------------------------------In dexes o f stan dard w eek ly s a la r ie s and str a ig h t-tim e
h o u rly earn in g s fo r s e le c t e d occu p a tion a l g ro u p s,
and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s ---------------------------------

3

O ccu p a tion a l e a r n in g s:*
A - 1.
O ffic e o c cu p a tio n s— en and w o m e n ---------------------m
A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s—
m en and w o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------A -3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s—
m en and w om en c o m b i n e d ---------------------------------------------------A -4 .
M aintenance and p ow er plant o c c u p a t io n s ---------------------------A - 5.
C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m ov em en t o c cu p a tio n s -------------------

9
11
12

E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s :*
B -l.
M inim u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s -----B -2 .
Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls --------------------------------------------------------------------B -3 .
Sch edu led w e e k ly h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------B -4 .
P a id h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------B -5 .
P a id v a c a tio n s ------------------------------------------------------B -6 .
H ealth , in su r a n ce , and p en sion p la n s ---------------------------------B -7 .
P a id s ic k le a v e -------------------------------------------------------------------------

14
15
16
17
18
20
21

A ppendix:

O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip t i o n s -------------------------------------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -

*N O TE : S im ila r tabu lation s
a r e a s . (S ee in sid e b a ck c o v e r .)

---------------------- —

---------------- 9 -------------

a re a v a ila b le fo r oth er

C u rren t r e p o r t s on o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and su p ­
p le m e n ta ry w age p r a c t ic e s in the San F r a n c is c o — akland
O
a r e a a r e a ls o a v a ila b le fo r g ra y ir o n fo u n d rie s (N o v e m b e r
1962) and the m a ch in e ry in d u strie s (A p r il 1963). Union
s c a l e s , in d ica tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le
fo r bu ildin g c o n s tr u c tio n , p rin tin g , lo c a l-t r a n s it op era tin g
e m p lo y e e s , and m o to rtru ck d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

Hi

3

5
9

23




Occupational Wage Survey—San Francisco—Oakland, Calif.
Introduction

as fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c cu p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is to the w o rk sch ed u les
(rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w h ich stra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s
a re paid; a v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in gs fo r th ese o ccu p a tion s have been
roun ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 82 T abor m a rk ets in w h ich the U. S. D e ­
p a rtm en t o f L a b o r 's B u rea u o f L a b or S ta tistics con d u cts su rv e y s o f
o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s aiid r e la te d w age b en efits on an a rea w id e b a s is .
In this a r e a , data w e r e obtain ed by p e r s o n a l v is its o f B ureau fie ld
e c o n o m is t s to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e sta b lish m en ts w ithin s ix b ro a d in du stry
d iv is io n s : M an u fa ctu rin g; tra n sp o rta tio n , com m u n ica tion , and oth er
p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e; fin a n ce, in su r a n ce , and
r e a l esta te; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in du stry grou ps e x clu d ed fr o m th ese
stu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a tio n s and the co n s tr u c tio n and ex tr a c tiv e
in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts having few er than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f
w o r k e r s a r e om itte d b e c a u s e they tend to fu rn ish in su ffic ie n t e m p lo y ­
m en t in the o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied to w a rra n t in clu sion . S ep arate tabu ­
la tion s a r e p r o v id e d fo r e a c h o f the b r o a d in du stry d iv is io n s w h ich
m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r i a .

D iffe r e n c e s in pay le v e ls fo r s e le c t e d occu p a tion s in w hich
both m en and w om en a r e co m m o n ly em p lo y e d m ay be due to such
fa c to r s as (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d istrib u tion o f the se x e s am ong in ­
d u strie s and esta b lis h m e n ts; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in length o f s e r v ic e or
m e r it r e v ie w w hen in dividu al s a la r ie s a r e ad ju sted on this b a sis;
and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific du ties p e r fo r m e d , alth ou g h /th e o c c u ­
pation s a r e a p p ro p r ia te ly c la s s ifie d w ithin the sam e s u rv e y jo b d e ­
s c r ip tio n . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in these
su rv e y s a r e u su a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in individual
e sta b lis h m e n ts. T h is a llo w s fo r m in or d iffe r e n c e s am ong e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in s p e c ific du ties p e r fo r m e d .

T h e se s u r v e y s a r e con du cted on a sa m ple b a s is b e c a u se o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rvey in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts. T o
obtain op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m inim um c o s t , a g re a te r p r o p o rtio n o f
la r g e than o f s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is studied. In com b in in g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts a r e given th eir a p p rop ria te w eigh t. E s ­
tim a te s b a s e d on the e sta b lish m en ts studied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e ,
as rela tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in du stry grou pin g and a r e a ,
e x ce p t fo r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e studied.

O ccu p a tion a l em p loym en t estim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in
a ll e sta b lish m en ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the num ber
a ctu a lly su rv e y e d . B e ca u se o f d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p a tio n a l stru ctu re
am ong e sta b lis h m e n ts , the estim a te s o f occu p a tion a l em p loym en t
obtain ed fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lish m en ts studied s e r v e only to
in d icate the r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s studied. T h e se d iffe r ­
e n ce s in o ccu p a tio n a l s tru ctu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y
o f the ea rn in gs data.

O ccu p a tion s and E a rn in gs
The o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e com m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u factu rin g and n onm an ufacturin g in d u str ie s , and a re o f the
fo llo w in g ty p es: (a) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l;
(c) m a in ten an ce and p ow erp la n t; and (d) c u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t. O ccu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n is ba sed on a u n ifo rm set o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take accou n t o f in teresta b lish m en t v a ria tio n
in d u ties w ith in the sa m e jo b . The occu p ation s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in the appendix. E arn in gs data fo r som e o f
the o c cu p a tio n s lis te d and d e s c r ib e d a r e not p resen ted in the A - s e r i e s
t a b le s b e c a u s e e ith er (1) em p loym en t in the occu p a tion is too sm a ll
to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p resen ta tion , or (2) th ere is p o s s i ­
b ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f in dividu al esta b lish m en t data.

E sta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s and S u pplem en tary W age P r o v is io n s
In form a tion is p r e se n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b les) on s e le cte d
esta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s as they
re la te to o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s . A d m in istra tiv e , e x e cu tiv e , and
p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e -a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n w o r k e r s who
a r e u tiliz e d as a sep a ra te w o rk fo r c e a r e e x clu d ed . "O ffic e w o r k e r s "
in clu de w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo rm in g
c le r i c a l o r re la te d fu n ction s. "P la n t w o r k e r s " in clude w ork in g fo re m e n
and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in cluding leadm en and tra in ees) en ­
gaged in n o n o ffic e fu n ction s. C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and rou tem en a re
ex clu d ed in m a nu factu ring in d u s tr ie s , but in clu ded in nonm anufacturing
in d u strie s .

O ccu p a tio n a l em p loym en t and earn ings data a re show n for
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose h ired to w ork a re g u la r w eek ly sch edu le
in the g iv en o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a tio n .
E arnings data ex clu d e p r e ­
m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and for w ork on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and late
sh ifts. N on p rod u ction b on u ses a re e x clu d ed , but c o s t - o f - li v i n g bon u ses
and in ce n tiv e earn in g s a re in cluded. W h ere w eek ly h ou rs are r e p o r te d ,




M inim um en tran ce s a la r ie s (table B - l ) re la te on ly to the e s ­
ta blish m en ts v is ite d . They a re p re se n te d in te r m s o f esta b lish m en ts
w ith fo r m a l m in im u m en tran ce sa la ry p o lic ie s .

1

2
Shift d iffe r e n tia l data (ta ble B -2 ) a r e lim ite d to plant w o r k e r s
in m a n u factu rin g in d u str ie s . T h is in fo rm a tio n is p r e se n te d both in
te r m s o f (a) esta b lish m en t p o l i c y , 1 p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f total plant
w o r k e r em p lo y m e n t, and (b) e ffe c tiv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f
w o r k e r s a ctu a lly em p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the
s u r v e y . In esta b lish m en ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount
ap plying to a m a jo r ity w as u se d o r , if no am ount a p p lied to a m a jo r ity ,
the c la s s ific a t io n " o t h e r " w as u sed . In e sta b lish m en ts in w h ich som e
la t e -s h ift h ou rs a r e paid at n o rm a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n tia l w as r e c o r d e d
on ly if it a p p lied to a m a jo r ity o f the sh ift h o u rs.
The sch ed u led w e e k ly h ou rs (ta b le B -3 ) o f a m a jo r ity o f the
f ir s t - s h if t w o r k e r s in an esta b lis h m e n t a r e tabulated as applying to
a ll o f the plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that esta b lish m en t. P a id h olid a y s;
paid v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth , in s u r a n ce , and p en sion plans (ta b les B -4
th rou gh B -7 ) a r e tre a te d s t a tis tic a lly on the b a s is that th ese a r e
a p p lic a b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r ity o f su ch w o r k e r s
a r e e lig ib le o r m a y ev en tu a lly qu alify fo r the p r a c t ic e s lis te d . Sum s
o f in dividu al ite m s in ta b les B -2 th rough B -7 m ay not equ al tota ls
b e c a u s e o f roun din g.
Data on paid h olid a y s (ta ble B -4 ) a r e lim ite d to data on
h olid a y s g ra n ted annually on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i. e. , (1) a r e p r o v id e d
fo r in w ritte n fo r m , o r (2) have b een e sta b lis h e d b y cu s to m . H olid ays
o r d in a r ily gra n ted a r e in clu d ed even though th ey m a y fa ll on a n on ­
w o rk d a y , even i f the w o r k e r is not g ra n ted an oth er day o ff. The fir s t
p a rt o f the paid h olid a y s ta ble p r e s e n ts the n um ber o f w h ole and h alf
h olid a y s a ctu a lly g ra n ted. The se co n d p a rt c o m b in e s w h ole and h alf
h olid a y s to show tota l h olid a y tim e .
The su m m a ry o f v a c a tio n plans (ta ble B -5 ) is lim ite d to
fo r m a l p o li c ie s , exclu d in g in fo rm a l a rra n g em en ts w h e re b y tim e o ff
w ith pay is g ra n ted at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r . S ep arate
e stim a te s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c tic e in com pu tin g
v a c a tio n p a y m en ts, su ch a s tim e p a y m en ts, p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s,
o r fla t-s u m am ou n ts. H o w e v e r , in the tabu lation s o f v a ca tio n pa y,
pa ym en ts not on a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e rte d to a tim e b a s is ; fo r
e x a m p le , a paym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual earn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d
as the equ ivalent o f 1 w e e k 's pa y.
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met eilher o f die following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time o f the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during die 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.




Data a re p re se n te d fo r a ll h ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
plans (ta b les B -6 and B -7 ) fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is
b orn e by the e m p lo y e r , ex cep tin g on ly le g a l r e q u ire m e n ts su ch as
w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n sa tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such plans in clu de th ose u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c i a l in su ra n ce
com p a n y and th ose p r o v id e d th rou g h a u nion fund o r paid d ir e c t ly
by the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r re n t o p e ra tin g funds o r fr o m a fund set
a s id e f o r this p u rp o s e . D eath b e n e fits a r e in clu d ed as a fo r m o f
life in su ra n ce.
S ick n ess and a ccid e n t in su r a n ce is lim ite d to that type o f
in su ra n ce under w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a ym en ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in su red on a w eek ly or m on th ly b a s is d u rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ility .
In form ation is p r e s e n te d fo r a ll su ch plan s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r co n trib u te s. H ow e v e r, in New Y o r k and New J e r s e y , w h ich
have en acted te m p o r a r y d is a b ility in su r a n ce la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,2 plans a r e in clu d ed on ly if the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
trib u te s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b en efits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n ts o f the law . T a b u la tion s
o f paid sick lea v e plans a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l p.lans 3 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll pay o r a p r o p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r 's pay d u rin g a b s e n c e fr o m w o r k
b e c a u se o f illn e s s .
Sep arate ta b u la tion s a r e p r e s e n te d a c c o r d in g to
(1) plans w hich p r o v id e fu ll pay and no w aitin g p e r io d , and (2) plans
w h ich p ro v id e eith er p a rtia l pay o r a w aitin g p e r io d .
In a d d ition to
the p resen ta tion o f the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v id e d
s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce o r paid s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p lica ted
total is shown o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e eith er o r both types o f b e n e fits .
C atastroph e in su r a n ce , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to as exten d ed
m e d ic a l in su ra n ce , in clu d es th ose p la n s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o te c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ick n e s s and in ju ry in v olv in g e x p e n s e s beyon d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s.
M e d ic a l in su ra n ce r e fe r s to plans p r o v id in g fo r c o m p le te o r p a r tia l
paym en t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . Such p la n s m a y be u n d erw ritten by c o m ­
m e r c ia l in su ra n ce com p a n ies o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m ay
be s e lf-in s u r e d . T ab u lation s o f r e tir e m e n t p e n sio n plans a r e lim ite d
to th ose plans that p r o v id e m on th ly p a y m en ts fo r the r e m a in d e r o f
the w o r k e r ’ s life .

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days o f sick leave that could be expected by each em ployee. Such a plan
need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were
excluded.

3

T a b le 1,

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin sco p e o f s u r v e y and n u m ber studied in San F r a n c is c o — akland, C a l i f . , 1 by m a jo r in d u stry d iv is io n , 2 Jan uary 1964
O

M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
o f study

In du stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s — _______

___

________

__

______________

M a n u fa ctu rin g— — ----— ------ --------- ------- __ „
N on m an u factu rin g_____ __________ ___ __ ____ ____________
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
oth er p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5___________
— _____ _________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ______
— _____ ________
— —
R e ta il tr a d e ________ _________ __
______ ____________
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ____________________
S e r v i c e s 7_________ __________ _____ ___ _____ _____ __

N um ber o f esta b lish m en ts
W ithin
scope of
study 3

W o rk e rs in e sta b lish m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

Studied

Studied
O ffice

T o t a l4

Plant

T o t a l4

1, 279

263

380, 900

101, 000

196 ,700

206 ,5 5 0

100
-

370
909

82
181

1 34 ,900
2 4 6 ,0 0 0

2 2 ,3 0 0
7 8 ,7 0 0

87, 500
109, 200

62, 100
144, 450

100
50
100
50
50

77
273
113
205
241

31
38
44
38
30

7 5 ,0 0 0
35, 200
4 7 ,9 0 0
5 3 ,0 0 0
3 4 ,9 0 0

15, 000
10, 100
6, 800
3 9 ,3 0 0
( 8)

30, 900
19, 600
35, 500
6 1 , 800
( 8)

63,
9,
32,
29,
10,

030
400
600
140
280

1 The San F r a n c i s c o — akland Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a c o n s is t s o f A la m e d a , C on tra C o s ta , M arin , San F r a n c is c o , San M ateo, and Solano C ou n ties.
O
The "w o r k e r s w ithin
s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s tim a te s sh ow n in th is table p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u r v e y . The es tim a te s a r e not intended,
h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith .oth er e m p loym en t in d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e em p lo ym e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e ( l ) planning o f w age su r v e y s r e q u ir e s the use o f
e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) s m a ll e sta b lish m e n ts a r e e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the su r v e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard Industrial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g es ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total em p lo ym e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the a re a ) o f co m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s tr ie s
as tr a d e , fin a n ce, auto rep a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu re th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 esta b lish m e n t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and oth er w o r k e r s ex clu d e d fr o m the se p a ra te o f fic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w ater tra n sp o rta tio n w e re e x clu d e d . The lo c a l tra n sit s y s te m s in the San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland a r e a a re m u n icip a lly o p e r a te d and a re e x clu d ed by defin ition
f r o m the s c o p e o f the study.
6 E s tim a te r e la te s to r e a l e sta te e sta b lish m e n ts on ly.
W o r k e r s fr o m the e n tire in d u stry d iv isio n a r e r e p r e s e n te d in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , but f r o m the r e a l esta te p o r tio n on ly in " a ll
in d u s tr y " e s t im a t e s in the S e r ie s B ta b le s .
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u tom obile r e p a ir sh ops; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n on p rofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and en g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .
8 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , and f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s .
Separate
p r e s e n ta tio n o f data f o r this d iv is io n is not m ade f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p loym en t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it sep a ra te study, (2) the
sa m p le w as not d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e rm it se p a ra te p re se n ta tio n , (3) re s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it sep a ra te p re s e n ta tion , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f
in d ivid u al e s ta b lis h m e n t data.




T a b le 2.

Indexes o f standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u r ly ea rn in gs f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s ,
and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s , San F r a n c is c o — akland, C a lif.
O
Index
(January 1961=100)

Industry and o ccu p a tio n a l group
Jan uary 1964

P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e
January 1963
to
January 1964

January 1962
to
Jan uary 1963

January 1961
to
Jan uary 1962

Jan uary I960
to
Jan uary 1961

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w o m e n )_______ —
In d u stria l n u r s e s (m en and w om en )________
S k ille d m aintenance (m en )---------------------------U n s k ille d plant (m e n )_______________________

109.
109.
110.
111.

6
1
4
4

3.
2.
3.
3.

1
7
6
5

3.
3.
3.
4.

2
7
2
5

3.
2.
3.
3.

0
4
2
0

4.
8.
3.
4.

1
3
2
8

M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w o m e n )___________
In d u stria l n u rs e s (m e n and w om en )------------S k ille d m aintenance (m e n )---------------------------U n s k ille d plant (m e n )_______________________

108.
110.
110.
111.

8
0
2
1

3.
3.
4.
4.

5
1
1
3

2.
4.
2.
3.

4
2
9
7

2. 6
2. 4
2 .9
2. 7

4.
8.
5.
4.

2
2
1
5

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n te d in table 2 a r e in d ex es and p e r ce n ta g e s o f change
in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c le r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e ra g e ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g ro u p s.
F o r o ffic e c le r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
ce n ta g e s o f change r e la te to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r n o rm a l h ou rs
o f w o r k , that i s , the standard w o rk sch ed u le fo r w h ich s tr a ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a re pa id.
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , they m e a s u re changes
in a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s , ex clu d in g p r e m iu m pay fo r
o v e r tim e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late sh ifts.
The
p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b a se d on data fo r s e le c t e d k ey occu p a tio n s and in ­
clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p ortan t jo b s w ithin ea ch g rou p .
The o ffic e c l e r i c a l data a re b a se d on m en and w om en in the follow in g
19 jo b s : B o o k k e e p in g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B; c le r k s , a ccou n tin g ,
c la s s A and B; c l e r k s , file , c la s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s ,
p a y r o ll; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; keypunch o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B;
o ffic e b o y s and g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; s te n o g r a p h e rs , g e n e r a l; s te n o g r a ­
p h e r s , se n io r ; sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ; ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B. The in d u stria l n u rse data a r e
b a se d on m en and w om en in d u stria l n u r s e s .
M en in the follow in g
8 s k ille d m a in ten an ce jo b s and 2 u n sk illed jo b s a r e in clu d ed in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a r p e n te r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a ch in is ts ; m e ­
ch a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u tom otiv e; p a in te rs ; p ip e fitte r s ; and to o l and
d ie m a k e rs ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te r ia l handling.
A v e ra g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h ou rly ea rn in g s w e r e
com p u ted fo r ea ch o f the s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s. The a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u rly e a rn in g s w e re then m u ltip lied by em p loy m en t in e a ch o f
the jo b s during the p e r io d su rv e y e d in 1961. T h ese w eigh ted ea rn in gs




fo r in dividu al occu p a tion s w e r e then to ta le d to ob ta in an a g g re g a te fo r
ea ch o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p . F in a lly , the ra tio (e x p r e s s e d as a p e r ce n ta g e )
o f the grou p a g g reg a te fo r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te fo r the oth er
y e a r w as com pu ted and the d iffe r e n c e betw een the r e s u lt and 100 is
the p e rce n ta g e o f change fr o m the one p e r io d to the o th e r .
The
in d ex es w e re com pu ted by m u ltip ly in g the r a tio s fo r e a ch g rou p
a g g re g a te fo r each p e r io d a fter the b a se y e a r (1 9 6 1 ).
The in dex es and p e r ce n ta g e s o f change m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly ,
the e ffe c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l s a la ry and w a g e ch a n g es; (2) m e r it o r oth er
in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e
jo b ; and (3) changes in a v era g e w a g e s due to ch a n g es in the la b o r fo r c e
resu ltin g fr o m la b or tu r n o v e r, fo r c e e x p a n s io n s , fo r c e r e d u c tio n s ,
and ch a n g es in the p r o p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e sta b lis h m e n ts
w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
C hanges in the la b o r f o r c e can ca u se
in c r e a s e s or d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout a ctu a l
w age ch a n g es.
F o r e x a m p le, a f o r c e ex p a n sion m igh t in c r e a s e the
p r o p o rtio n o f low er paid w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific o c cu p a tio n and lo w e r
the a v e r a g e , w h erea s a re d u ctio n in the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r paid
w o r k e r s w ould have the o p p osite e ffe c t . S im ila r ly , the m o v e m e n t o f
a h igh -p a yin g esta b lish m en t out o f an a r e a c o u ld c a u se the a v e r a g e
earn in g s to d r o p , even though no change in r a te s o c c u r r e d in oth er
esta b lish m en ts in the a r e a .
The u se of constan t e m p lo y m e n t w eig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
of changes in the p r o p o r tio n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in ea ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
The p e r c e n ta g e s o f change r e f le c t on ly ch a n g es in
a v era g e pay fo r s tra ig h t-tim e h o u r s .
T h ey a r e not in flu e n ce d by
changes in standard w o rk s c h e d u le s , as su ch , o r by p r e m iu m pay
fo r o v e rtim e .

The a b ove tex t r e p r e s e n t s the m eth od u se d in com pu tin g a new in dex
(1961 b a se ) and tren d s e r ie s . T h is s e r i e s , in itiated w ith the expan sion o f the
la b o r m a rk e t w age s u rv e y p r o g r a m to 80 Standard M etrop olita n S ta tistica l A r e a s ,
r e p la c e s the o ld s e r ie s (1953 b a s e ).
The new s e r ie s c o v e r s the sa m e jo b g rou pin gs as the e a r lie r s e r ie s
w ith the follow in g e x ce p tio n s: The c le r i c a l and in d u stria l n u rse g ro u p s , fo r m e r ly
r e s t r ic t e d to w om en , now in clu de both m en and w om en . Changes w e re a ls o m a d e
in the jo b s in clu ded w ith in jo b g rou p in gs in o r d e r that an id e n tica l lis t cou ld be
e m p lo y e d in a ll a r e a s .

A: Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(Average straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , San F ra n cis co —
Oakland, Calif. , January 1964)
Average
Number
of
workers

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF_

$45
Weekly
earnings 1 a n d
(Standard) (Standard) u n d e r
$50
Weekly^

$50

$55

$60

$65

$ 70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110 $ 1 1 5

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$160

$165

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$160

$165

over

_
-

.
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

18
4
14

26
_

10

20

21
10

30
26
4
_

34
5
29
18

-

-

2
2

99
56
43
23

-

107
49
58
15
30

1 34
83
51
26

"

95
36
59
4
41

67
34
33

-

72
9
63
4
30

5

1

8

3

-

-

_
-

3
3

4
4

17
5

6

21

45
30
15
15

40
14
26
26

6
1
5

7

30
3
27
18

5

59
24
35
35

8
8

6

32
25
7

23

12
1

35
4
31

_
-

_
-

1
1

1
1

51
14
37
35

98
35
63
59

156
_

85
77
77

123
28
95
95

66

156
156

156
72
84
78

19
47
41

54
i50
50

15

11

25
23

18

12

26

5

11

2

6

7

17

26
5

43

23

2
21

17
5

29

6

and

M en

0

112.00
119.00

_
-

5

1 0 3 .5 0

-

5
5

.
-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A _______________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 __ _____ ____________
F in a n c e 3

825
4 01
424
149
136

3 9.
39.
38.
3 9.
38.

0

C le r k s , a cco u n tin g ,
M a n u fa c t u r in g .

3 44
145
199
124

39.
39.
3 9.
3 9.

1 ,0 3 7
253
784
752

39.
3 9.
40.
40.

159
64
95
50
713

c la s s B
. . . . . .

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
C le r k s . o rd er
M a n u fa c t u r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g —
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________
C le r k s , p a y r o ll

.

.
._

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b lic u tilitie s 2
O ffic e b o y s
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2

_
_

...

.....

...

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s A
.
_
_ __
___
_____
M a n u f a c t u r in g _______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________ ______
F i n a n c e 3__________________________________
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
cla s s B
_ _
_ _
_ __ ________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
P u b lic utilities 2

W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________
Finance 3

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C _________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
F in a n c e 3
. .

$ 1 1 6 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0

5

1 0 7 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0

5

119.00

0
0
0

39.
40:
39.
3 9.

513
63
319

199
51
148
80

200
.

5
5

0

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

1 2 1 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

5
0
0
5

1 1 9 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0

_

_

_

-

-

-

3 8.
3 8.
3 8.
3 9.
38.

0
5
0
5
5

7 0 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
6 6 .5 0

46
46

14
14

65
18
47

-

17

39.
39.
38.
38.

0
5
5
0

0
0
0

69.00

_

2
1
1

_

2
12

26
14

4
17
4

8
8

46

4

66
21
45
41

55
------ 3
52
52

_

_

_

9

_

19

4

1

8
2

_

_

_

_

9

_

19

4

1

6

3
12

162
56
106
7
82

144
75
69
7
46

87
9
78

80
19
61

43

50

3
3
3

5
4

2
1
1
1

7

13
3

13
_

-

-

-

122.00

-

10

11
40

17

40
24
14

-

_

-

-

_

1 1 8 .5 0

39.
3 9.
39.
39.
39.
39.

0

1 0 6 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0
9 8 .0 0

126
112
59

39. 5
3 9. 5
39. 5

9 5 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

190
160
52

3 9. 5
3 9. 5
3 9. 0

9 4 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0

173
130
79

39. 5
40. 0
4 0 .0

8 4 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

1

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

5
5
-

28

20
8
8

9
9

1
1

1
1

12
12
_
_

.
_
_

-

19

8
11
8
1

-

-

-

.
_

.
_

_
_

.
_

-

-

-

_
_

6
6

-

7
3
4
4

_

_

3
3
_

_
_

9
7

2
_

-

-

-

68

10

22

2.5

_

43
43

10
4

9
13
9

1
1

_

3
— 5—
_

7

5
3

2
2

2
2
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
-

5
5

57

12
11
11

72
51

5

6
1
1

2
41
4

1 2 4 .5 0
1 3 2 .0 0

651
155
496
98
74
227

5
5

2

-

-

1
1

3
3

15
2

32
1
31
5

95
24
71
2
2
60

15

1

3

11

2
21

1
1

86

10

13

7

11

18
3
15
9

96
37
59
11

34
5
29
3

17
38

95
10
85
24
5
40

5
32

11
11

19
67
3

21
8

49

6
43
14
13
6

-

-

-

2

5
5
1

28
27
21

14
14
13

21
17
4

7
7
7

6
6
2

10
8
2

21
16
6

_
-

_
-

.
-

8
8

11
-

7
1

19
12

21
17

6
4

1
1

1
1

86
86
22

_
-

17
17
17

-

-

-

8
8

18
18
10

14
1
1

97
84
56

1
1
1

4
1
1

2
2
2

11
9
2

3
3
3

13
1
1

1
1
1

12
6

13

3

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
.
_

.

_

79
23
56
30
6

18
3
15

3
1
2

i
_
i

_
_
_

4

.

_

_

_

_

~

-

-

"

-

"

-

-

_

_

1
1
1

_

_
_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

■

■

_

■

~

"

“

44
26
18
4
9
4

13
13
13

-

9

_

9

"

1
1
1

4

~

37
29

1"6

-

-

-

2

-

-

W om en
B i l l e r s , m a c h i n e ( b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) _____
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
P u b lic u tilities 2

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h i n e ) -------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
R e t a i l t r a d e ---------------------------------------------

“
'

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




_

“

“

6
T a b le A -l.

O ffice O ccu p a tion s—M en and W o m e n — C on tin ued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o — ak la n d, C a lif. , J a n u a ry 1964)
O
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
j t

Weekly}
hours
(Standard)

Weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

$45
and
under
$50

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95 $100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
5
6

29
11
18

42
5
37
30

37
19
18
14

23
10
13

48
31
17
16

33
24
9
8

10
5
5

9
1
8
-

$145 $150 $155 $160” $165

7
5
2
2

and
$100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150

$155 $160 $165 over

W om en— Continued
B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s A ------------------ --------------- ------------M anufacturing--------------------------------------

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs,
cla s s B____________________________ -____
Manuf ac tur ing-------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing------ ------------------- _
Pu blic utilities 2----------------------------W holesale tr a d e ----------------------------Finance 3 ---------------------------------------C lerk s, accounting, cla ss A ------------------------M anufacturing— -----------------------------------------------P i i K l i r i i t i l i t i p s ^ ...

.

..

_.

W holesale tr a d e ----------------------------------------R etail trade — _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Finance 3 -------------------------------------------------------C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B — ---------- ----M anufacturing- — — — __
-------Nonm anufacturing -------__ — __ _
Pu blic utilities 2 ----------------------------------------W V in 'I p s a lp t r a d p

___

_

FinflT'f'e 3

.

C lerk s, file , c la s s A —
__ _ _
M anufacturing —
- —
N onm anufacturing- __
—
■P ii'h lir'

*

___
..

_ _ _
-

. .

—

-

_
......... .

287
110
177
116

38.
38.
38.
38.

5
5
5
5

684
87
597
29
185
300

39.
39.
39.
38.
40.
40.

5
5
5
5
0
0

81. 50
90. 50
80. 00
86.50
87. 00
74. 50

1,253
332
921
125
163
94
341

38. 5
39.0
38. 5
39. 5
39. 5
39. 5
38. 0

99. 50
107.50
96. 50
110.00
99. 50
98. 50
91.00

2,295
598
1,697
424
264
329
500

39.
39.
39.
40.
39.
40.
37.

365
64
301
30
219

86.00
92. 50
84. 00
91. 50
86. 50
83. 00
77. 50

38. 5
39. 0
38. 5
39.5
38. 5

84. 00
85. 50
83. 50
118.50
79. 50

57
28
29
3
26

20
7
13
1

5

12

46

143
21
122
5
7
19
75

171
28
143
4
26
13
50

181
37
144
17
40
7
29

160
54
106
8
25
7
52

120
56
64
20
7
10
11

48
26
22
5
6
8
1

97
37
60
36
6
3
6

67
37
30
12
7
1
9

35
26
9

12
3
9

6
1

7
2

70
49
21
12
2
7

29
15
14
14

4
1
3
3

38
3
35
35

-

-

-

-

-

11
11
11

3
3

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

5

12

46
3
2
28

124
18
106
9
8
1
79

202
13
189
31
8
20
78

405
32
373
84
33
181
45

480
103
377
73
74
27
169

254
75
179
25
37
41
54

291
148
143
22
57
23
22

194
55
139
89
18
21
8

74
27
47
19
12
6

71
53
18
8
8
2

96
25
71
2
53

51
9
42

43
7
36
5
30

9
2
7
3
1

7
2
5
2

7
6
1
1

81
2
79
5
16
4
23

43
12
31
8
10
1
12

50
1
49
16
26

23
5
18
9
9

_

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

1
4

-

"

_

9

1

50
6
44

-

-

-

_
_
_

_

9
_
_

7

_

9

36

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

49
10
39

40
1
39

32
2
30

-

-

-

14

31

32

21

261

261
12
249
10
11

266

199
5
194

153
16
137
13
17

14

37

96

128
-

-

96

128

261

_
-

-

-

96

128

261

204

266
1
51
6
185

_

136
136
32

177
162
149

123
120
117

54
54
32

36
28
9

32
27
3

4
2

2
2

_

13
13

1
1

14
4
10

73
38
35

31
31

13

1

10

35

61.50
61.00
60. 00

-

384
148
236
165
71

39. 5
39.0
4 0 .0
40. 0
39. 5

96.00
94.00
97. 00
104.00
82. 00

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

5

_

"

12

134
5
129
3
19
15
70

_

38. 5
38. 5
38. 0

C lerk s, o r d e r --------- --------- -----------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing ------------- — -----------------W holesale t r a d e ----------------------------------------R etail trade —
—
—
-

69
2
67
3
48
8

-

581
548
342

C lerk s, file , c la s s C ____________________
Nonmanufacturing-------------------------------F in a n ce 3 ------- ------- ---- -------------

38.
38.
38.
39.
39.
40.
38.

79
8
71
7
11
45

_

67. 50
77. 50
67.00
92. 00
77. 50
72. 00
62. 50

1,585
53
1,532
86
164
93
1,086




0
0
0
0
5
0
5

156
31
125
2
50
47

-

,

6

120
1
119
11
29
52

_

56
56
9
47

6

48
48

45
3
42
42

14
14
14

-

48

50
1
49
43

2
2
2

-

5
5
5
5
5
0
0

C lerk s, file , c la s s B ------------- — — —
M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing --------------- —
Pu blic u tilities 2 ----------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ----------------------------------------R etail trad e-------------- ------- -------Finance 3 ----------------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le,

_
-

$99.50
97. 50
100.50
104.00

-

-

24
82
88

-

82

-

-

5

2

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19
2
17
12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

_

_

-

-

-

-

8
8
8

-

2

17

6

_

1

17

6
6

-

1
1

17
17

14
12
2
2

3
3

4
4

-

-

17
17

7
_
-

12
12

4
4

1
1

43
22
21
21

88
8
80
76

45
7
38
36
2

31
16
15
9
6

4

-

7
T a b le A -l.

O ffice O ccu p a tion s—M en and W o m e n — C on tin u ed

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o — ak la n d , C a lif. , J a n u a ry 1964)
O
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$160

$165

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$160

$165

over

-

-

-

1
1
-

19
11
18

147
52
95
37
23
11
24

42
27
15
8
6
_
1

41
11
30
13
5
10
1

25
10
15
10
2
1
1

_
_
_
_

_
_
>
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
-

-

39
9

84
53
31
10
9
1
10

6
3
3
_
_
2

-

44
27
17
3
10
2
2

10
1
9
1
7
-

"

93
17
76
_
13
26
6

28
8
20
2
17
>

-

64
24
40
3
3
9

105
40
65
_

"

12
5
7
3
4
"

83

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

165
26
139
3
39
93

103
26
77
5
36
27

107
46
61
8
30
21

103
73
30
14
14
2

127
25
102
84
16
2

57
17
40
5
_
35

49
14
35
3
32

16

"

163
21
142
9
52
50

13
7
6
6
_

"

31
31
5
8
14

172
172
_
_
_

-

32
32
16
7

25
3
22
11
11

1

41

1
1

41
41

$45
W
eekly^
Weekly .
ahd
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard) under
$50

and

W om en— Continued
C le r k s , p a y r o l l ---------------------------------------M anufacturing--------------------------------------N onm anufacturing_____________________
P u blic u tilities 2___________________
W holesale t r a d e ___________________
R etail tra d e________________________
C om ptom eter o p e r a to r s --------------------------M anufacturing--------------------------------------N onm anufacturing_____________________
P u blic u tilities 2______________ __ __
W holesale t r a d e -----------------------------R etail trad e--------------------------------------

820
295
525
132
113
110
81

39. 0
39. 0
39. 5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 0

$ 1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

1 ,1 3 8
427
711
158
243
251

3 9 .5
39. 5
3 9 .5
39. 5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

9 4. 00
1 0 1 .5 0
8 9. 50
1 0 1 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
8 5. 50

16

67
7

2

16
16
_

35
35
35
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

_

_

>

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

D uplicating-m a ch ine o p era tors
(M im eograph or D itto)---------------------------

63

3 9 .5

8 0 . 50

_

1

1

4

15

20

6

6

1

4

3

1

1

K eypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A ----------------M anufacturing________________ ___ _____
N onm anufacturing_____________________
P u blic u tilities 2-----------------------------W h olesale t r a d e -----------------------------R etail trad e-------------------------------------F inan ce 3 ___________________________

1 ,3 6 7
251
1, 116
127
153
108
621

38. 5
3 8 .5
38. 5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
38. 0

9 0 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
8 9. 50
1 0 5 .5 0
9 6. 50
8 6. 00
8 4 . 00

_
_

-

36
36

-

5
5

-

-

31
31
3

57
57
_

59
6
53
3

-

-

5

28

6
51

8
42

253
46
207
10
11
30
122

198
44
154
13
46
19
71

122
23
99
29
11
1
33

105
19
86
6
24
3
21

91
34
57
2
19
5
30

31
11
20
2
4

36

312
65
247
6
27
36
178

K eypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s B-----------------M anufacturing-------------------------------- -----N onm anufacturing------------------ ------------P u blic u tilities 2___________________
W h olesale t r a d e -----------------------------F in a n ce 3 ___—______________________

1 ,4 9 9
4 20
1 ,0 7 9
394
151
379

39. 0
3 9 .0
39. 5
39. 5
39. 5
3 9 .0

8 3 .0 0
8 3. 50
8 3 .0 0
9 5 . 50
7 8. 50
7 2. 50

9
9

95
4
91
3
6
74

177
57
120
5
12
102

125
24
101
8
30
57

326
90
236
64
44
65

253
89
164
49
23
46

90
53
37

57
26
31
3
4
8

102
38
64
37
23
4

160
21
139
139

47
9
38
38

37
3
34
34

-

21
6
15
14
1

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

_

O ffic e g i r l s -----------------------------------------------M anufacturing_________________________
N onm anufacturing-------------------------------P u blic u tilities 2-----------------------------Finan ce 3 -----------------------------------------

437
161
276
67
138

38. 5
38. 0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
38. 5

6 8 . 50
7 1 . 00
6 7 . 00
7 8 . 50
6 3 .0 0

88
28
60

78
47
31

80
59
21
11
1

72
16
56
40
9

12
6
6

16
2
14
14

2

4
1

2
2

_

_

S e c r e t a r ie s -------------------------M anufacturing___________
N onm anufacturing---------P u blic u tilities 2-------W holesale t r a d e -------R etail tra d e--------------F inan ce 3 -------------------

4 ,8 2 3
1 ,6 9 3
3, 130
432
526
316
1, 179

39. 0
3 9 .0
38. 5
39. 5
39. 5
39. 5
3 9 .0

1 0 6 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 1 1 . 50
1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0
9 9. 50

28

187
7
180
29
16
6
30

196
35
161
14
19
19
77

295
141
154
4
10
27
74

S tenograp hers, gen era l
M anufacturing--------—
N onmanufacturing.---P u blic u tilities 2 —
W holesale trade —
F in a n ce 3 _________

1 ,9 3 4
622
1 ,3 1 2
304
129
675

3 9 .0
39. 5
3 9 .0
39. 5
38. 5
39. 0

8 6 .0 0
9 0 . 00
8 3 . 50
9 2 . 50
8 7 .0 0
7 9 . 50

375
53
322
50
52
166

374
128
246
71
15
122

287
138
149
21
13
79

S e e fo o t n o t e s at e p d o f ta b le .




-

-

_

_

-

"

_
_
-

6
3

28

55

-

55
-

9

36

28

55

-

26

_

_

_

_

-

"

-

-

2
2
"

7

25

118

-

_
-

-

-

_

28
3

10
94

-

-

5

5

7

25

-

-

113
8

89

-

-

-

-

25

91

79

7

2

2
2

2
20

2

-

.

4

3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

593
103
490
16
60
56
247

600
163
4 37
32
45
48
229

621
240
381
38
93
64
151

547
164
383
71
60
27
177

433
232
201
57
32
24
53

4 06
188
218
29
48
19
65

290
151
139
42
41
12
18

217
75
142
18
44
3
16

145
69
76
20
14
3
21

74
29
45
29
8

67
30
37
6
20
2
9

40
11
29
23
6

36
29

27
17
10

-

-

279
114
165
24
19
84

142
63
79
36
17
15

125
72
53
42
4

48
30
18

38
14
24
21

7

7

7
7

2

_

7

-

7

-

15
15
15

5
-

_

7

_

6

_

_
_

15
6
9
1
4
1
1

4

3
1

_
_
_
1

8
T a b le A -l.

O ffice O ccu p a tion s—M en and W o m e n — C on tin ued

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , San F r a n cis c o —
Oakland, C a lif. , January 1964)
Average
Sex,

o c c u p a t i o n , a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF
$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$ 95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$160

$165

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$160

$165

over

8

$45
Weekly . a n d
earnings 1
(Standard) (Standard) u n d e r
$50
Weekly

17
-

27
-

27
-

295
30
265
32
44
156

396
92
3 04
13
27
164

406
73
333
30
67
150

368
151
217
38
53
85

193
74
119
33
65
9

84
36
48

108
55
53
9

31
9

21
12

4

30

.

.

.

.

.

22
1

9
5

2
2
2

15
3

27
-

96
4
92
17
4
69

288

27
-

22

15

2

-

-

_

-

14

3

132

147

112
22

36

20

30
9

2

135
9

68
11

90
9

42
58
25

30
9

5

12

94
26

100

20
112

21
11

4
4

2
2

27
9

22
12

8
1

16
9
5
-

21
12

12

5

4

20

39

14

-

124
39
85
41
28

104

53

33
31

32

3
3

and

W o m e n — C o n tin u e d

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n i o r ------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------- --------- _
—
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g — ------------------ _
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ---------------- -----F i n a n c e 3 ------- — --------- ---------

2 ,4 1 4
644
1 ,7 7 0
247
363
790

3 9 .0
38. 5
39. 0
39. 5
39. 0
39. 5

$ 9 5 . 50
1 0 0 .5 0
9 3 . 50
1 0 3 .5 0
9 9 . 00
8 7 . 50

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s -----------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------- __ _
_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------- _
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ---------- — --------- —
R e t a i l t r a d e ------------- --------- — —
F i n a n c e 3 ---------- —
— — —

1 ,0 4 6
1 65
881

8 4 . 00
9 2 . 50
8 2 . 50

89
1 29
257

39. 0
39. 0
3 9 .0
39. 5
40. 0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s --------M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------- __ ------------ _
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------- __ __ — __
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 -----------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e — _
__ --------- —
F i n a n c e 3 --------------- --------- — - —

836
277
559
51
282
1 09

3 9 .0
39. 0
39. 0
3 9 .0
39. 5
38. 0

8 6 . 50

T a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
cla s s B _
_ ____
_
_ _ _ _ _
_
_
M a n u fa c tu r in g
__ —
_____
—
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________
F i n a n c e 3 ---------------------------------------------------

402
104
298

3 9 .5
39. 5
39. 5
39. 0

112

68

_
-

_
-

8
_
-

17
-

-

"

8

17

27

27

_

_

6

_
_

_

-

36
36

_
_

29
29
-

-

272
4
268
-

-

6

15

3
28

25
26

_

_

8

8 7 . 00
8 6 . 50
1 0 8 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
7 7 . 50

-

-

84
31
53
3
18

9 7 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0
9 3 . 50
8 9 . 00

_
-

_

_

_

-

1 0 2 .0 0
9 1 . 00
7 9 . 50
8 0 .0 0

T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
gen era l
-----_
--------M a n u fa c tu r in g —
__
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e
—
— ~
F i n a n c e 3 __ _
_ ____

627
91
5 36
140
310

38.
39.
38.
38.
38.

5
5
5
5
5

8 2 . 00
8 7 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
8 2 . 00
8 0 . 50

T y p is t s , c la s s A _ —
____
__ __ _
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------ --------- __ __ —
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _
-----------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ---------------- — ---------W h o le s a le t r a d e
—
------F i n a n c e 3 ---------------------------------------------------

1 .6 1 7
236
1, 381
167
1 26
827

39.
39.
39.
40.
39.
38.

0
5

8 3 . 50
8 7 . 50
8 2 . 50

0
5
5

8 3 . 50
7 9 . 50

T y p i s t s , c l a s s B ______________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____
— —
- _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --------- — __ —
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 — __ _ —
__ ___
W h o le s a le t r a d e
— _____
— _
R e t a i l t r a d e _____________________________
F i n a n c e 3 ------------------------------ -----------------

3 ,0 6 9
543
2 , 5 26
1 54
1 79
92
1 ,7 8 9

3 9 .0
39. 0
39. 0
39. 5
39. 5
39. 5
39. 0

7 2 . 50
7 8 . 00
7 1 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
7 5 . 50
7 9 .0 0
6 9 .0 0

0

9 2 .0 0

-

6

_
-

"

65

58
37

201

91

57
144
-

60

1
1

8
20

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

15
15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

24
24
_

23

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27
24
3

25

23

2

-

-

10
10

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

, -

1

12
11
1

1
1

1

22

2

1

2

2

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

1

-

~

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

22
22

70
70

-

"

3

22

63

147
13
134
50

94
5
89

68

174
36
1 38
61
51

385
40
345
47
37
206

350
51
299
18
55
176

276
35
241
15

22
111

118
15
_
70

1

12

5 74
1 52
422
69
48

383
89
294
9
50
25
164

139
59x
80

69
31
38

25

9

11

1
8

2
2

10

12

8

5

-

7
-

5
-

-

-

-

3

-

' -

10

3
3
_

23
23
-

22
2
20

20

16

61
58

40

60

161

-

-

-

2

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

10

11

50

1 50

2

10
2

-

2

-

40
40

_
-

17
-

223
223
_

471
4
467
-

20

6

-

4
454

203

-

2

47

1 38

5 58

599

102

92
5 07
33

456

8
23
4
3 66

20
28
293

69
14

-

10
240

31
30

22

1

22

8

82
74

45
41

56
18
38
17

35
9
26
16

55
55
7

48
13
35
15
18

30
13
17
-

13
7

6
2

2

1

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

1

2

1

2

2

1

"

139

83
37
46

38

40
18

12

16

1

14

8

11

22
8

16
15

1
1

14
14

-

-

24

4

-

3
9
3
5

-

-

-

-

12
56

18
33

2

21

14

2
-

2

75

8
67

1

10
28

1
1

3

31

8

2

.

-

_

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

19

Standard hours r e fle ct the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees re ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sala rie s and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly hours,
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
Finan ce, insurance, and re a l estate.




15

1

6

-

-

8

2

17

-

-

1

46

26
26
7
19

3

17
_
_

12
12

-

29
28
-

26
3
23
14
7

5
5
-

-

-

-

3

6
20

186
19
44
61

8

-

-

2

102

9
T a b le A -2.

P rofession al and T ech n ica l O ccu p a tion s—M en and W o m e n

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division , San F r a n cis c o —
Oakland, C a lif., January 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex, occu pation , and industry d ivision

Number
of

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

Weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

$70
and
under
$75

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95 $100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155 $160 $165 $170 $175 $180 $185
and
-

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155 $160 $165 $170 $175 $180 $185 over

Men
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____

_________

D raftsm en, sen ior

39.5
l '9 l
40.0
"59.5
40.0
40.0

132.50
"132.5T
133.00
129.00

39.5

98.50
93 .^

394

M a n n fa r h in n g

263
139

P n W i r iiH U H a a 1

D raftsm en, ju n ior--------------------------------------

12

$152.50
150.50

138
50
657

D ra ftsm en, leader

232
— ITT-

- W

"

'

T ~

1

15

_
_
_

3

_

3

_

3
3

3
3
51

17

T
7

51“

“

25

15

7
2

25“

30

TF"

28

4
4

25

_
_

2
2

2
2

3
1
2
2

2
2

2

_

26
6
20

72
5l
21
11

108
76
32
18

86
53
33
24

15

16

27
11

4

9
4

3
3

21
17

19
14

8
4

8
7

18
9

18
16

15
l4

_
_

1

_

_

57
21
36
28

-

7

3-

103
61
42
32

8
2

20

38
7

25
6

11

32

29
18
11
4

42
17
25
7

7
5
2

2
1

_

19
17
2

12
2
10

8
8

_

_
_

26
6
5

_

_

_

_

2
2

_
_
_
_

_

24
12
12

6
1

_

15

5

'

_

»

2
.

T

W om en
124
------87“

N u rses, industrial (re g is te r e d )
M a n illa f h i r i n g

39.5

114.00

4 6 .0

1 1 6 .6 5

2

_

_

l

6

-

•

4

10
9

1
1

4

1

_

_

-

-

4

1 Standard h ours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
2 T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public utilities.

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division , San F ran cisco-O ak lan d , C a lif., January 1964)

O ccupation and in du stry divisio n

Average
weekly ,
earnings1
(Standard)

Number
of

250
226

1 0 2 .0 0

M a n u fa c t u r in g

112

_
............

$98.50
111.50

N n n m a n u fa c tu rin g

.

_
.

...

176
156
79

R etail trade
B ook keeping-m a ch ine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A
. . . . . .
..
_ .

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




.

308
1T6
198
132

’

85.00
83.56
85.50
100.50
9 7 .5 6 "

. .

....

............
_

O ccupation and industry division

_

.

694
87
607
29
185
307

$81.50
90.50
80,00
86.50
87.00
74.50

2,078
733
1,345
274
266

A

. ...

1 0 2 .0 0

W h o le s a le tr a d e
___
............................
R e ta il tr a d e

105.50

F in a n ce 3

.

.....

_

_ ...

___
...............

earnings1
(Standard)

1 0 6 .0 0

M a n u fa c t u r in g
N n n m a n u fa c tu rin g
P u b lic u t ili t ie s 2
W h n le s a le t r a d e
F in a n ce 3

C le r k s , a cco u n tin g , c la s s
M a n u fa c t u r in g
N n n m a n u fa c tu rin g

Number
of

O ffice occupations— Continued

Bookkeeping-m ach ine op e ra to rs, c la s s B-------- ---------------

W h o le s a le tr a d e

M a n u fa c t u r in g
___
N n n m a n u fa c tu rin g
W holesale t r a d e

earnings 3
(Standard)

O ffice occupations-—Continued

O ffice occu pation s
B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine)
....... .
N n n m a n u fa c tu rin g
P u b lic u t ilit i e s 2 . . .

Number
of

O ccupation and industry division

101

477

TR 756“
101.50
115.00
105.50
100.50
94.50

M a n u fa c t u r in g
N n n m a n u fa c tu rin g
P u b lic u t ili t ie s 2
F in a n c e 3

. . . . . . . .

.
.. _ ...........................

..... .
...

2,639
743
1, 896
548
285
335
530
368
64
304
33
219

'

$89.00
96!50
8 6 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

87.00
83.00
77.50
84.00
85.50
84.00
119.00
79.50

10
T a b le A -3.

O ffic e , P rofessional, and T ech n ica l O ccu p a tion s—M en and W o m e n C om bin ed — C on tin u ed
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , San F r a n cis c o —
Oakland, C alif. , January 1964)

Number
of
worker>

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

earnings 1
(Standard)

____

„

- —

-----

1 ,6 7 0
56
1 ,6 1 4
106
164
93
1 ,0 9 8

-----

......

’

........

___ ___ ___
_
__________________
C le rk s , p a y ro ll
M ann far.tur ing
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________________
P u b l ic u t ilit ie s 2
__ ___ __ ___
W b n lp aa lp traHp
R e t a il t r a d e _______________________________________
F in a n r p 3
C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s
,
, ___
|^qT)iif^rbirir>g aB ir_iim
_______________ . . riirj„ _ _J r.,„
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g __ ___
____________
P n K lir n fi li fi p s ^
WV»nl o a a lo fra rl o
___ ___ _
___ —
__ — —
R e t a il t r a d e ____
D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(M im e o g r a p h o r D itto)
Foyjvnricki n p p r a t n r a ( c l a s s A

_

__
.

N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ________________
W h o le s a le tr& dc
______
R a fa il fraHp

K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s

s

cla s s R

N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________________
P u b l ic u t ilit ie s 2 ___
W h o le s a le tr a d e
_
_
____ __ ___ __
ITiTianrp ^

62.
62.
86.
60.

00
00
50
00

1 ,4 2 1
401
1 ,0 2 0
917
101

113.
111.
113.
115.
9 5.

00
50
50
50
50

979
359
620
182
127
114
83
1, 138
427
711
158
243
251

71
1, 369
251
1 ,1 1 8
127
153
110
621
1 ,5 1 2
422
1 ,0 9 0
396
160
379

103. 50
105. 50
102. 50
118. 00
1 0 4 .5 0
92. 50
97. 00
94.
101.
89.
101.
89.
85.

00
50
50
00
00
50

81. 00
90.
9 3.
89.
105.
96.
86.
8 4.

00
00
50
50
50
00
00

83. 00
83. 50
8 3 .0 0
9 5. 50
7 8. 50
72. 50

1, 150
361
789
130
53
457

$ 6 9 .0 0
70. 50
68. 00
80. 50
68. 00
65. 50

4 , 859
1 ,6 9 4
3, 165
445
533
316
1, 186

106.
110.
103.
112.
109.
100.
99.

00
50
50
50
50
50
50

S ten og ra p h ers, g en era l
M anufa r tu r in g
.. _
N o n m a n u fa otu rin g
_ ...
"Public u t ilit ie s 2
W h o le s a le t r a d e ---------------------------------------------------"Finance 3

1,9 4 1
622
1, 319
311
129
675

86.
90.
84.
92.
87.
79.

00
00
00
50
00
50

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n i o r __________________________________
AAflnnfflrtnring
Nnnma mi fa pfii r in g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
W b n lp sa lp fraH p
F in a n ce 3
_____ __ ___
________

2 ,4 2 3
644
1 ,7 7 9
256
363
790

95. 50
1 0 0 .5 0
93. 50
103. 50
9 9. 00
87. 50

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s
____ ___ __ __
___ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________________ ____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_
________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2__ ___ ___ ___ ___ _____________ ____
W h o le s a le t r a d e __________________________________
R e ta il t r a d e __ _
TTinanrp ^

1 ,0 4 7
165
882
112
89
129
257

84.
93.
82.
102.
91.
79.
80.

00
00
50
00
00
50
00

S w itch boa rd , o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s __ _____________ _
M a mi fa r fiir in g
N on m annfa rtu rin g
‘P nKlir'
+
^
W h o le s a le t r a d e —
___ — — ------------------------F in a n c e 2 . . . . . .
_
.........

836
277
559
51
282
109

86.
87.
86.
108.
89.
77.

50
00
50
00
00
50

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A _
M a n u fa ctu rin g
N on m annfa ctu r in g
F in a n c e 3

227
67
160
88

122. 50
126. 5b
121. 00
1 1 7 .5 0

N on m a n u fa c tu rin g -

___

-—

Number
of

wwkly'
earnings
(Standard)

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B — ----------------M a n u fa ctu r in g __________ - _____ - ______ __ _ - __
_
Nnnm annfq r t n r in g
_
__ ___
_ _ _______
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2
____
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____ _
_
—____
___ .
F in a n ce 3 i r
^
___

1 ,0 5 3
259
794
301
82
295

$ 1 0 3 . 00
1 0 9 .b d “
101. 00
9 9. 00
111. 00
9 6 . 00

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C —
— N on m a n u f a c tu r in g _______________ - _____________________
F in a n ce 3
_______
_____ — _ ___

150
------- T 33~
69

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — C on tin u ed

$ 6 7 .5 0
77. 50
67. 50
91. 50
77. 50
72. 00
62. 50

595
562
56
342

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2

M a n u fa ctu rin g
7Jr»r»m a m i fa rfn r in g
\
WVtnlpaalp t-rarla
R e ta il t r a d e

weekly ,
earnings
(Standard)

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — C on tin u ed

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — C on tin u ed

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B ______

Number
of
workers

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

__ __ __ ----- ------

"Finance 3

— — —

630
91
539
140
313

82. 00
8 7 .0 0
81. 00
82. 00
8 0 . 50

1 ,6 2 0
1 ,3 8 4
170
126
827

83. 50
— 51 7 W
82. 50
9 2. 50
8 3 . 50
7 9 . 50

3, 105
543
2 ,5 6 2
167
182
92
1 ,7 8 9

7 2. 50
-----7 8 T W
7 1. 50
7 9. 00
7 5 . 50
7 9. 00
69. 00

-

145
52

1 5 2 .5 0
1 5 0 .5 0

D r a ft s m e n , s e n i o r ___ _ _____ __ _ —
— M a n u fa ctu r in g -__ — — _ __
_____ _____ ___ - N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2_____ ________ ____ _______ ____ -

674
403
271
145

132. 50
132. 5b
1 3 2 .5 0
128. 50

D r a ft s m e n , j u n i o r __
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______

—

236
H>5

9 8 . 50
9 4 . 50

N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) -------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _____________
— ----------- — -

125
88

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l ----------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________ —--------------------------N on m a n u f a c tu r in g ________________________________ _____
W h o le s a le t r a d e „
F in a n ce 3
_______ ___
___ ___ _
T y p is t s , c l a s s A _______
_ ------------------------------ M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2------------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________________________
F in a n ce 3.................,

—

T y p is t s , c l a s s B __________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____ __ __ ___ ___ ______________ __
—
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 _______— — _____
W h o le s a le t r a d e -----------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ___ __
____ ___ _ _
___ —
F in a n ce 3
___
_
__
_ _




IW ~

P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s

D r a ft s m e n , l e a d e r _______
M a n u fa ctu r in g _____ _

— -

_____ —
— ______

—

-------- ----_

-

—

-----_ ____

_________________________________________________________________ i

Earnings rela te to regu lar straigh t-tim e w eekly sa la rie s that are paid fo r standard workweeks.
Tran sportation, com m u nication, and other public u tilities.
F inan ce, insurance, and re a l estate.

9 3. 50
9 3. 00
8 7. 50

114. 00
. 00

1 1 6

11
T a b le A -4.

M aintenance and P ow erp la n t O ccu p a tion s

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o — ak la n d , C a li f. , J a n u a ry 1964)
O
NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and industry d iv isio n

Number
of
worken

$2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00 $4.10 $4.20 $4.30 $4.40 $4.50 $4.60 $4.70 $4.80
Average
and
em tap 1 Under
and
$2.40 under
$2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00 $4.10 $4.20 $4.30 $4.40 $4.50 $4.60 $4.70 $4.80 over

C a rp en ters, m aintenance - — — -----M anufacturing..
. . .
_ _
N onm anufacturing.
P u blic u tilities 2 ---------------------------

294
171
123
31

$ 3 .6 3
3.47
3.85
3.27

"

"

-

5
5
5

4
4
-

-

E le c tr ic ia n s , m aintenance
— . . ____
Manuf actur ing------------------------------------

653
490
163

3.63
3.64
3.59

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2

1

545
257
288

3.53
3.74
3. 34

.
"

_
-

-

F irem en , station ary b o i l e r ------------------

73
56

2.96
2.98

_

H e lp e r s , m aintenance tr a d e s ---------------M anufacturing------------------------------------

532
414

2.82
2.85

2

M a ch in e-tool o p e r a to r s , t o o l r o o m -----M anufacturing __ ---------- — — — -

124
124

3.47
3.47

M achinists, m ain ten an ce— —
M anufacturing — ------ — — — -

1,441
1,315
126

3. 57
3. 57
3. 55

1 , 106
176
930
782
57

3.62
3.69
3.61
3. 59
3.60

M ech an ics, m aintenance----------------------M anufacturing________________________

859
824

3. 53
3. 54

M illw r ig h ts .
—
M anufacturing ----- . . .

----— — .

151
145

.
. . .

201

2 . 88

_

_

160

2.85

-

-

3
3

72
72

P a in ters, m aintenance
-----M anufacturing-----------------------------------N onm anufacturing— -------------------------P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 ------ — — — .

300
161
139
30

3.
3.
3.
3.

-

_
-

5
5
5

_
■

P ip e fitte r s , m aintenance
—
M anufacturing _ _ _ _ _

426
391

3.49
3. 50

68
59

3.67
3.70

492
492

3.90
3.90

2
2

3.66
3.67

E n gin eers, station ary ____ . .
M anufacturing. .
. ____
.. — .
N onm anufacturing____ ____ __ _ _

M ech an ics, autom otive
(m aint enanc e)
,, .
—
----M anufacturing-----N onm anufacturing . . . . .
Pu blic u tilities 2 ------------ — _
W h olesale trade -

O ile r s ___
_
M anufacturing . . .

.

.

— _
----

S h eet-m etal w o rk e rs , m aintenance-----M anufacturing .
. . .
T o o l and die m akers
M anufacturing . . .

. — _
. . .

52
53
52
21

-

7
7
3
-

-

5
4

1
1

-

1

_
-

1

_

1

28
13

1
1

33

2

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

-

11
6
5
"
9
9

13

12
1

99
84
15

"

11

54
31
23
15

53
47
g

191
157
34

126
107
19

25
25

55
7
48

33
28
5

65
54

45

11

-

8
7

-

1

-

-

-

-

73
16
57

-

-

1

_
-

70
70

6
6

6
6

_
-

_
-

-

1
-

4
3

1

1

_
-

63
60
3

_
“

13
13

18
18

1

96

1

2

-

94

1

35

37

35
26
9

65
46
19

-

-

33
33

_
-

17
17

8

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

7

1

20
16

16
16

4

6
6

71
51

302
252

59
59

6
6

26
26

4
4

1
1

_

_

_

_

“

"

"

15
15

7
7

57
57

17
17

27
27

"

-

“

-

-

21
21

82
69
13

364
319
45

271
263
g

10
6
4

370
370

159
103
56

25
25

35
35

5
5

68
68

_
-

8
6
2

24
5
19
19
"

364

113
29
84

406
40
366
282

50
50
-

15
15
-

-

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

362
361
"

-

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

60
60

_

_

_

8
8

_

“

7
7

9
77

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

29

-

8

-

3

-

-

-

-

29
29

-

8
8

-

3
-

_

_

_

1

8

10
25

8
8
1
-

1
1

19
19

2

15

60

12

22

8

13
13
-

_
"

-■

8
"

-

74
29
45
17
16

18

48
48

216
182

158
158

20
20

127
127

12
12

103
103

2

34
34

6
2

13
13

_

_

-

-

87
87

20
20

5
3

31
23

_
-

10
10

"

87
70
17
16

3
3

22
20

286
259

30
24

9
9

_

4
4

39
33

5
3

1

.

-

-

-

_
-

._
-

4
4

57
7
50
"

-

21

99
99
9
9

_

-

24
18

6
37

-

_

-

1

1

86

-

_

8

43

-

_

8

13
13

-

_

1
1

8
1

9

"

1

E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r o v ertim e and for w ork on weekends, holid ays, and late shifts
T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public utilities.




-

"

2

2
2

8
8

_

2

_
-

20
20

66

"

_

_

_

_

7
7
-

_
-

1
-

1

_
-

46
46

_

_

"

“

-

_

_

_
69
69

_

5
5

17
17

289
289

"

_

_

_

_

_

_

70
28
42

5
5

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

30
30

_

"

-

"

7
7

_

_

_

_

"

-

12
12

_

-

52
52

20
20

5
5

13
13

_

_

_

_
-

_

_

12
T a b le A -5.

C u stodial and M aterial M o v e m e n t O ccu pation s

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o — ak la nd, C a lif. , Jan u a ry 1964)
O
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation 1 and industry d ivision

Nombar
of
ra ta l

E levator op era tors, passen ger
(m e n )________ ______ ____ _____ __ _____
N onm anufacturing - — — — — —

163
152

E levator op era tors, passen ger
(w om en)— ------ -------- — __ ------- Nonmanufacturing—___ — — — . . .

119
To5“

Guards and watchm en—

- - . ____

.

1,738
403
218

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and clea n ers
(m e n ). . . . . .
— — — —

-------

Pu blic utilities 3 ---------------------------

7, 328
1, 363
5 965
466

294

Ararat*

$ L 60 $1.70 $1.80 f O o 1$ 2.00 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00
Under and
and
$ 1.60 under
$ 1,70 $1,80 $ i ,? o $ 2.00 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00 ov er

$ 2 . 10
2.09

-

-

-

75
75

.
-

2. 25

1
1

1
1

4
4

34
34

_
-

624

2

64
14

20
7

25

2

14

7

2 . 22
2. 14
2.59
2 hA
2. 54

_

34

10

23

O rd er f i l l e r s .
— .. — — — — —
M anufacturing_____ ________ ________
N onm anufacturing.______ ___ — : _____
_
------- —
W holesale trade - —
R etail trade— — — — — —

2 , 161

2 .89
2.9 0
2.89
2 . 88
2.93

-

-

P a ck ers, shipping (m en)----------------------M anufacturing_________ —____________
Nonm anufacturing___________________
W holesale t r a d e _________________
R etail trade
. — -------------

732
344
388
264
82

2 .7 4

_

2.66
2 .80
2 .7 9
2.52

P a ck ers, shipping (w om e n )____________

79

2. 14

R eceiving c le r k s . — — — ------- —
M anufacturing — ------- — -. — —
Nonm anufacturing— — — — — -

443
170
273
140
116

2 .9 8
3.03
2. 96
3. 05

196
52
144
124

3.07
3 0 f>
3. 07
3.05

W I in lfla a lA fw a d p

R etail trade______________________
Shipping c l e r k s _______________________ —
M annfartnring
N onm anufacturing-------- — ------- —
W holesale t r a d e ---------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le.




622“
1, 539
1 , 262
255

8

19

2.

88

489
72
41 7
23
96
27

9

15

4

12

14
5
5

13
13

2

82
82
60

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_
_
4
4

378
185
193
76

16
16
5

5

2.90
2 .7 8
2 .9 8
3. 17
2 . 82
2. 93

524
93
431

53
36

22

4. 621
1,957
2, 664
1, 097
1, 093
468

50
16

970
393
577

8

L a b o re rs , m a teria l handling---------------M anufacturing— . . — ._ — __ —
Nonm anufacturing----------------------------P ublic u t ilit ie s 3. . . . . . .
—
W holesale t r a d e --------- ----------------P pfa i 1 frad a

77

2824
174
2650
135
59
25
382

10
41

9
-

17

96
44
13
31

41
3

18

2

66

10

10

408
13
13

67

22
21

113
79

132
23
13

67
24

2
2
2

39
27

6
6

404

5
5
-

30
23
13

44
42

11

-

404
23

-

-

_

99

10

16
16

_
-

99

2. 31
2. 33
2.09

-

_
-

56

757
712
48

-

3

56

624

2
2

42
42

12

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and clea n ers
(women) — — _ — ------ __ ------- _
Nonm anufacturing—. -------------------------Pu blic u tilities 3 ---------------------------

-

28
28

12

2. 37

11
3

2 32
2. 32

2 . 58

2 30
2 . 39

Finanrp^

2
2

-

2
_

2

1

867
~ T T

803
127

-

8

-

10
144

13
70
13

8
12
21

504
503
17

133
124

4
4

139
134
5
_

90
85
5
_

245
241
4
_

74

200
95
105

2
2

19

11

8
2

1465

888

_

_
-

87
77

102
1

2

1

_

2

1

-

42

2

6

407
75
332
332
-

_

147
147

50
50

40

-

37
19
18

10
10

-

360
104
256
236

-

-

-

-

-

20

18

-

28
28
-

2

1

-

_

16

_

_

_

_

3

38
33
5

117
62
55
44

80
23
57
57

77

19

2
1

10
54

-

15

_

.

_

.

-

.

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

6

-

18

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

18

15

-

-

_

3

_

39

1

_

1

11

5

3

1

2

4

13
3

3

17

-

-

-

7

1

2

4

10

2
1

16

-

2

9

1

15

10

-

4

4

.

_

_

5

29

4

-

-

n

-

_
-

16
16
16
-

877
259
618
558
44

-

_

43
43
33
4

334
183
151
91
60

18

.

-

144
144
64
80

103
103

51
60
60

3

-

-

_

111

25
18
7
7
-

_

.

-

1119
216
903
843
16
44

3

_

-

213
213
50
163

8

6

12
12

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

_
-

_

-

_
-

5

3

-

.

7

9
9
7

_

_

_

5

10

-

.

5

7

37
37
28
9

6

-

7

8

_

-

20
41
18

33
33

_

-

-

12

12
21

-

-

22

-

-

-

577
30
514
32

_

-

18

107

_

6

254
236
18

-

18

492
84
408
93
309

-

-

-

377
160
217
92
125

_

7

-

18

_

-

-

61

_

-

-

70
31
39

-

22

-

.

-

91
87
71
16

.

-

-

9

171
90
81
71
_

_

-

_

6
-

_

1

_

13
3

10

6

22
5
4

6

7
7

48
48

99
52
47

12

31
3
28
26

-

24
-

6

-

-

-

-

18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

18

-

-

-

42

_

2

_

_

_

_

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

"

2

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

11

35
35

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

71
26
39

19

12
7

11
1
10

14

35

13

10

6

14
14

25

7
3

22

-

10

2
-

-

1
-

-

-

2

-

-

2

"

1

5
5

-

5

_

_

_

1

-

5

-

-

-

1

1

-

13
T a b le A -5.

C u stodial and M aterial M o v e m e n t O ccu p a tio n s— C on tin u ed

(Average s tra igh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a re a basis
by industry division, San F r a n cis c o —
Oakland, C a lif., January 1964)

$ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .9 0 $ 2
O c c u p a t io n 1 an d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

of
woiken

S h ip p in g an d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s
M a n u f a c t u r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
W h o le s a le t r a d e

hourly ,
•aminer

568
106
462
299
153
4 , 670
784
3 ,8 8 6
2, 239
1 , 088
390

3 .3 3
3 .3 4
3 .3 2
3 .3 0
3 .2 8
3 .61

749
271
478
207

T r u c k d r iv e r s 5
M a n u fa c t u r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

$ 3 .0 6
2 .9 8
3 .0 8
3 .1 7
2 .9 3

3 .1 9
3 .2 5
3 .1 6
3 .2 0

6 1 2

T r u c k d r i v e r s , lig h t (u n d e r
1 V
2 to n s )
M a n u f a c t u r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
W>.nlpoalp

&1.60 u n d er
$ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .9 0 $ 2

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNING8 OF—
$ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .7 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 3 .9 0 $ 4 .0 0

.0 0

$2

.1 0

$2

.1 0

$2

.2 0

$ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .7 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 3 .9 0 $ 4 .0 0 o v e r

.2 0

and
.0 0

$2

2

1 1

2

8

.

_

.

_

_

2

1 1

2

8

-

-

_

-

_

2

_

_

2

16

17
17

8

8

_

_
1 1

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

2

-

_
-

_
2
2

16
_

16
16

18

_

6
1 2

8

_
8
8

51
_

51
51

24
4
2 0

15
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

-

_

-

-

2

16

-

_

-

2

16

-

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d iu m (lV 2 t o an d
in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
M a n u fa r h ir in g
M rmmaniifa r h i r i n g
P iiK lir u t il it i e s 3
........
W finlpaalA tr a d p
P af-ai 1 fvarls*

3 .2 8
3 .3 6
3 .2 7
3 .2 4
3 .3 2
3 .4 4

_

183
1 ,4 2 9
858
4 30
87

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a vy (o v e r 4 ton s,
t r a i l e r ty p e )
M a nnfa r tn i»i« g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P iih lir
3 .
W V,nlpasln

1, 311
230
1 , 081
682
151

3 .45
3 .4 7
3 .45
3.41
3 .2 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

.

.

658
590
361
174

2.91
2 .8 5
3 .1 0
3 .1 6
3 .0 0
3 .1 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

366
292
74

2 .9 4
2 .9 6
2 .8 3

-

1

5
4
1

30
2 2

g
50
18
32
7

g
g

29
1 1

18

106
14
92
32
6 0

33
7
26
26

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s,
o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )
M a n n fa r h ir in g
N n n m a n irfa rh irin g .
. .
P u h li r n H liH *a 3
W KftlaaalA fr a d a
__
T r u c k e r 8 , p o w e r (f o r k l if t )
M anufactu r in g - - —
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P iih lir n t ilit is a ^
W Vinlenala t r a d e
R e t a il t r a d e
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o t h e r th a n
f o r k li f t )
"Ma n n fa r h i r i r g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

1
2
J
4
5

-----

1

,

6 8

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

8

8

g

50
50
50

15
15

1 1

1 1

7
4

_

3
g

g

-

4

-

_

4
4

4

150
26
124
64
C(\
Ov

84
1

83
37
44
450
38
412
145
213

17

199

_

_

17

106
g
QQ
70
47
51

1 0

5

199
Q1

81
4

77
23

104
17
87
8 6

907
2 80
627
330

391
185
206

-

9

118

_

9

108
14

9
Q
7

476
55
421
71ft
Jj U
83

30
30
*

28
24

3
3

_
_

_

9
9

49
35
14
14

80
71
9
Q
7

158
124
34
j

A

891
755
136
64
C
Q
O 'J

29

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

25
14
1 1

47
46
1

69
38
31

1 1

57
45

521
487
34
■ii
o X
3

2 1

1 2

2 1

1 0 0

1420
907
1Q7
^7 (
1 A
io

_
_

_

4
4

_

_

964
169
795

77
57

8

2 0

6 6 8

i no
XU7
18

75
61
14

467
46
421

2 9 2
1 1
1 1

2 1 0

225

53

-

-

44
25
19

5

47

5

45
A
o

2

18
1

5
5

253
41
2 1 2

1

16
16
16

_

_

322
61
261

23
7
16

537
g

14
14

_

40

4

26
14

40

4

OZ 1

_
_
_

1 2

“

_
col

74
AA
30
18
"

2

18
18

1

io

a r\
40

4

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

23

_

_

_

“
23

~

“

”

"

■
■
■
_

40

4

_
_

1 -»
c

1

_
_

5

2 2 0

2 50
60

13

-

1

_

.

14
14

2

1 9 0

1 2

40

4

_

CO

7ft

32

-

-

-

’

~

“

1

49
1

48

4

l An
lOv

9
9
”
“
9

3

1 0

g

"

~

*

3

~

2 24
4

1 1

4

_

Q

574
74
500
458

531
361
170

4

_

1520

206
A
D

4

_

61
58
3

1 0 2

Q
7

_

8

61

23

1 0

Data lim ite d to m en w o rk e rs e xce p t w here otherw ise indicated.
E x clu des p rem iu m pay fo r ov e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holid ays, and late shifts.
T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public u tilities.
F in an ce, in su ran ce, and r e a l estate.
Includes all d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s ize and type of truck operated.




_

60
16
44
40

“

3 .3 6
3 .2 8
3 .3 7
3 .3 4
3 .3 4

2, 037
1, 517
520
259
151
108

1

_

51
2 1

18

8

1

4
4

"

-

-

-

~
■

“

“
~

“
"

“

-

16

-

_

_

-

-

16

-

-

-

-

*
"

109
109

-

B:

14

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office W orkers

(D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , Sa n F r a n c i s c o —O a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a r y 196 4)

In e x p e rie n ce d typ ists
M anufacturin g
M in im um w e e k ly s tr a ig h t-tim e s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u s trie s

B a sed on s tandard w e e k ly hou rs 3 o f—
A ll
s ch e d u le s

E s ta b lis h m e n ts studied

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
lindftr
under
under
under
under
under
under
und er
under
under
under
under
tinder
under
under
under
under
under

$5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0 . _
$ 5 5.00
$ 5 7 .5 0 .
$6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0 _
.
$ 6 5 .0 0 . _
$ 6 7 .5 0
$7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0 ..
$ 75 .00
$ 7 7 .5 0
$ 8 0 .0 0
___
$ 8 2 .5 0
$ 8 5 .0 0
$ 8 7 .5 0 .
$ 9 0 .0 0 .
$ 9 2 .5 0
$ 9 5 .0 0
$ 9 7 .5 0 .

$ 100.00 and under $ 1 0 2 .5 0
$ 102.50 and o v e r .

40

A ll
s ch e d u le s

37 V 2

383/4

XXX

XXX

263

-

_

__

_
. . .

_
- _

34

91

_
2
3
8
9
2
5
4
1
-

.
1
2
6
7
2
1
4
1
-

_
1
1
2
22
11
6
9
9
4
5
6

3

3

2
1
2
1
1
1

2
1
2
1
1
-

14

XXX

37

XXX

76

23

XXX

53

XXX

3
3

2
2
4

__

E s ta b lis h m en ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m _
E s ta b lis h m en ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y

45

_
1
1
2
24
11
9
17
18
6
10
10
4
2
4

51

_

XXX

2
1

-

. ...

82

136

_ _

E s ta b lis h m en ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 .5 0
$ 8 0 .0 0
$ 8 2 .5 0
$ 8 5 .0 0
$ 8 7 .5 0
$ 9 0 .0 0
$ 9 2 .5 0
$ 9 5 .0 0

O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

—

M an ufacturin g

N onm anufacturing

181

3

2
1
1
2

20

A ll
in d u strie s

3772

383/4

XXX

82

XXX

181

XXX

58

151

49

36

102

21

1
4
6
4
20
10
16
18
14
13
11
5
4
1
5

_
2
2
5
7
7
6
5
2
1
_

_
_
1
1
4
6
4
5
1
2
1
-

1
4
6
4
18
8
11
11
7
7
6

3

3

3

2

2

-

-

1
-

2
8
2
2
2

2
1
2
2

2
1
2
1

1
2
1
2
6
1
-

1
1
2
1
3
3
3
4
1
_
1
_
_
.
1
.

XXX

XXX

54

16

XXX

38

XXX

XXX

58

17

XXX

41

8

_

_

1
4
6
2
3
2
1
1

_
1
_
3
1
1
1
1
-

_
1
1
15
5
3
2
6
4
3

5
3

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1
4

_

T h e se s a la r ie s r e la te to f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m startin g (h irin g ) r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s that are paid f o r standard w o rk w e e k s .
E x clu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r o r o f fi c e g ir l.
D ata a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll stan dard w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n standard w o rk w e e k s re p o rte d .




A ll
s c h e d u le s

263

-

1

40

XXX

1
1
2

4

B a s e d on s tan da rd w e e k ly hou rs 3 of—
A ll
s ch ed u les

40

N onm an u factu rin g

3
3

8

_

40

XXX

68

_

.
_
_
1
_
1
4
1
_
_
1
_
.
_
-

2
1
3
14
5
7
2
5
7
5
2

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

-

-

3

1
2
.
2
6
1
_
_
-

15
T a b le B -2 .

S h ift D iffe r e n t ia ls

(Shift d iff e r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s b y type and am ount o f d iffe r e n t ia l,
San F r a n c i s c o — akland, C a lif ., J a n u a ry 1964)
O
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t w o r k e r s —

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

Shift d iff e r e n t ia l

A c t u a lly w o rk in g on—

S e co n d shift
w o rk

T o t a l _________ _____

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o rk

S e co n d sh ift

95.8

91.6

16.4

____________

95.8

9 1.6

16.4

5.2

____________________

4 9.0

34-5

9.8

4.3

4 .4
14.6
.7
15.7
.3
.2
1.0
1.1
3.3
5.2

2.6
.1
1.3
_
7.3

1.0
2 7
.2
3.0
.1
.1
_
.1
(2 )
1.7
.7

__________ ________ _____

W ith s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l __
U n ifo r m c e n t s (p e r h o u r )

___

__

_____
_ _
________
5 c e n t s — __
8 c e n t s ________________________________________
9 c e n t s ______________________________________
10 c e n t s _ _
__
_
_______ __
11 c e n t s ________
_ ________ ____________
I I V 2 c e n t s ______ ___________ _________ __
12 c e n t s __ _ _____ ______
_
_______
I 2 V 2 c e n t s — _ — ________ ___ ________
141/4 r e n t s
__ __
I 4 V 3 cen ts
_
15 c e n t s ________ ___________ _____________
16 c ent s __ ___ _______ ________ ________ ___
20 c e n t s ______________________________________
22 c e n t s ___
____________________________
23 c e n t s ____ ________________________________

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

5.2

»

-

(2 )
1.2
.7
.7
.9
.1
.1
.6

________

10.8

7.9

.7

(2 )

__ __
_
_____ __
5 p e r c e n t ____
10 p e r c e n t ___________________________________
15 p e r c e n t _____ ___ _____ — _ „ ___

3.4
7.4
~

3.4
4 .4

.7

(2 )

O th e r f o r m a l p a y d iff e r e n t ia l 3 _______________

36.0

4 9 .2

5.9

.9

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e —

__ ________

-

2.2
-

1.0
9.0
7.2
2.0
1.4
2.6

-

.2
-

W ith n o s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ____________________
'

1 In c lu d e s e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts , and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v i s io n s c o v e r in g late s h ifts
e v e n th ou gh th e y w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g late sh ifts .
2 L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .
3 P r i m a r i l y c o m b in a t io n p la n s p r o v id in g f o r fu ll d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s p lu s c e n t s - p e r - h o u r d iffe r e n t ia l, o r p e r c e n t
d i ff e r e n t i a l, a n d /o r a p a id lu n ch p e r io d not g iv e n f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s . S o m e o f the plan s p r o v id e f o r f la t - s u m p a y m e n ts p e r
s h ift o r p e r w e e k , o r f o r a c o m b in a tio n of e ith e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r o r p e r c e n t d iffe r e n t ia l p lu s a p a id lu n ch p e r io d not g iv e n
fir s t -s h ift w o rk e rs .







T a b le B -3.

S c h e d u le d W e e k ly H o u r s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , Sa n F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a r y 1 964)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLA N T W ORKERS

W e e k ly h ou rs
M anufacturing

P u blic ,
u tilitie s 2

W holesale
trade

R etail trade

H a a se s3

A ll
4
industries4

M anufacturing

P u b lic ,
u tilities 2

W holesale
trade

R eta il trad e

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

3
2
18
3
9

3
4
17

( 5)
"

3

( 5)
7

16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

24
8
8

7
1
( 5)

1
2

7

4

8

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

84
( 5)

80

93

93

A ll
.
in du stries 1

A ll w o r k e r s ---------

—

-------------------------

-------

------------

-----------------— ----------30 h ou rs
_ —
35 h o u rs ______ — _
—
__ O ve r 35 and u nd er 37Vz h o u rs
— __ — __
37 V2 h ou rs
—
O v e r 37l/2 and under 383/4 h o u r s ---------- —
383 h o u rs — — - — - — _ - /t
39l/4 h o u rs
_
~
40 h o u rs
_ _ _ _ _
O v e r 40 h o u r s — _ _ _ _ _
—

1
2
3
4
5

---------

_

_
—

-------

1

65

13
3
59

1

-

7

2
12

11

-

-

-

12
-

7

-

85

7

74

82

-

In clu d es data f o r s e r v i c e s , in a dd ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
In clu d es data f o r r e a l e sta te and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .

-

58

-

-

3

-

( 5)
92

T a b le B -4.

P a id H o lid a y s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a r y 1 964)
O

O F F IC E W O B K E R 8

PLA N T W ORKERS

Item
A ll
!
industries

A ll w o r k e r s

_

W holesale
trade

R etail trade

F in an ce3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

“

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p a id h o lid a y s - _____ ____
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p aid h o lid a y s

P u b lic 2
u tilities

100

_

M anufacturing

A ll
4
industries

~

“

■

"

~

1

1

(5)
1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

35

24

1
69
4

-

M anufacturing

W holesale
trade

R eta il trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

“

■

P u b lic 2
u tilities

N u m ber o f days

L e s s than 5 h o lid a y s
6 h o lid a y s
_
_
6 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf day
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ------------------------------------------------7 h o l id a y s --------------------------------7 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf day
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf days
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf day
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf days
9 h o lid a y s
9 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf day
9 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf days
10 h o lid a y s
10 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf day
10 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf days
11 h o lid a y s
12 h o lid a y s

T o ta l h o lid a y tim e

12 days
11 days o r m o r e

_

___ — _________ . . .

--------

(5)
21
(5)
4
48
3
2
12
1
2
2
1
1
(5)
2

(5)
2
21
1
10
44

2
56

-

-

-

-

(5)
12
4

1
6

-

-

23
1

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

“

2
“

-

_

_

-

_

-

2
2
2
2
9
9
26
30
100
100
100
100

4

-

-

-

51

-

17

7

3
-

4
54
6
4
12
1
4
3
2
2

2
4
(5)
2
29
(5)
4
41
0
( 5)
12
(*)

14
-

2

-

1
3
21

-

-

-

_

_

37

2

-

9
50

-

-

-

1
57
2

-

1
43

25

46

-

-

-

-

-

1
9

-

-

-

16

49
1

-

-

-

3

5

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
"

-

4

(5)
“

"

4
6
9
16
17
33
39
97
97
100
100
100
100

(5)
3
3
15
15
60
61
92
96
97
99

1
_

"

-

_

4

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

6

_

_

10 l/2 days o r m o r e
10 days o r m o r e

9V2 days o r m o r e
9 days o r m o r e
8 V2 days o r m o r e
8 d ays o r m o r e
7 V2 days o r m o r e
__ _
7 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________________________
6 days o r m o r e
4 days o r m n r p
2 d ays o r m o r e

2
3
4
7
9
23
25
77
78
99
100
100
100

4
8
21
21
75
76
99
100
100
100

_

7
7
65
65
100
100
100
100

1
3
25
25
76
76
100
100
100
100

0

1
1
6
6
15
15
74
74
99
99
99
99

_

_

_

_

-

_

_
_

16
16
61
61
98
100
100
100

4
5
54
54
98
98
100
100
100
100

_
_

1
1
27
29
86
86
90
100

1 In c lu d e s data f o r s e r v i c e s , in add ition to th ose in du stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er pu b lic u tilitie s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l estate.
4 In c lu d e s data f o r r e a l e s ta te and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .
6 A l l c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h alf days that add to the sa m e am ount are co m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a tota l o f 7 days in c lu d e s th ose
w ith 7 fu ll d ays and no h a lf d a y s, 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf days, 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a ys, and s o on.
P r o p o r t io n s w e r e then cum ulated.







T a b le B -5.

P a id V a c a tio n s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , Sa n F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a li f ., J a n u a r y 1 964)
O

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y

A ll w o r k e r s

_

_ _ _ _ _ _

All ,
industries

_ ----- ------

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities3

W
holesale
trade

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finanoe 4

All ,
industries5

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities3

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
95
4
-

100
92
8
-

100
100
r
-

94
94
-

100
100
-

M ethod o f paym ent
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
p aid v a ca tio n s __ -------------------- ---------------.L e n g th -o f-tim e p a y m e n t___ ________ ______
P e r c e n ta g e paym en t-----------------------------------------F la t -s u m paym ent ------------------------------- _
Othe r __ ____ _____________________ ________ _______
W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no pa id v a ca tio n s ______ _______ ___ _________

1

"

6

A m ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 6
A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k ___________________ _________________
1 w e e k --------- — ------- _ — -------------- ----------- _
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w eeks
_ _
__
_ _ __ __ ______________
O ve r 2 and under 3 w e e k s __ __ ____________ ___

_

_

_

( 7)
52
4
7
1

1
62
1
-

50
-

42
_
_

14
_
_

( 7)
61
8
19
-

6
20
3
(7)

11
17
3
_
-

-

-

-

-

18
80
1
_
1

4
_
96
_
_

72
_
28
_

22
78
_
_

43
_
57
_
_

_

_
98
2
_

57
5
30
3
5
( 7)

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

53
7
_

13
_
-

3
8
_
_

-

-

-

58
11
21
_
11
-

48
_
36
16
_

69
_
25
_
_

60
_
40
_
_

-

-

-

5
2
77
16

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k --------- ------- ---------------------------------------------O ve r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _ ____ __
__ _______
____
_
_ ____________ ___
2 w eeks
-------------------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s
3 w e e k s __ __ __
__
__ __ ____________
O v e r 4 w e e k s __ __ __
__ ___
__________
A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ---------- _ ---------__ __
____________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s — _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
2 w eeks
__ _ __ __ _ __ ________ __ __
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ___ _ __ __
__
_ ____ __ ___
O ve r 4 w e e k s __ ____ _
_____ __

( 7)
3
96
1
_

1

_
100
( 7)
-

_

_

19
81

_

_

_

100

100

-

_

_

98
2

-

_

-

-

-

11
5
74
3
6

-

-

-

-

C)

18
10
58
1
13
-

_

2
4
84
1
8
(7)

3
10
73
1
13
-

2
4
84
1
8
( 7)

3
10
73
1
13

_

2

_

_

94

98

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k - ----- — _____ _________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______ _______
___
2 w e e k s ______________
__ __ ___________ ____
O ve r 2 and under 3 w e e k s __ __ __ __ ________
3 w e e k s ____________ _ ____ ___ ___________ ______
O v e r 4 w e e k s _ ------ _ __________ _______ ___ _

_

.

_

_

96
( 7)
3
1

92
( 7)
8
-

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

94

100

100

98

-

_

-

_

6
-

_

-

-

-

2
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

84

94

100

_

16
-

_
_

_

-

-

-

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ______ __ _____ __ ________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w ee k s _ __ ____ ________ ______
2 w e e k s __ _____ __ _____ __ _ ____ _.___________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ___
__________________ ______ __________
O v e r 4 w e e k s _____________________________
______

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b le .

_

_

-

-

96
( 7)
3
1

92
( 7)
8

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

94

100

100

98

-

_

-

-

6

_

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

84

94

100

_

_
_

_

16

_

T a b le B -5.

P a id V a c a t io n s 1 C o n tin u e d
—

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , San F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a r y 1 9 6 4 )

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y

A
U
industries1
2

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities3

W
holesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance45

All ,
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
Utilities3

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

A m oun t o f v a c a tio n p a y 6— C ontinued
A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w eek s
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s
_
_
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
___
______ ______
O ver 4 w eeks

80
2
17
1

86
(7 )
13
-

84
16
-

91
_
9
-

44
_
56

89
6
5
-

68
1
31
(7 )

79
1
20
-

77
_
23
-

78
_
16
-

34
_
66
-

30
2
66
1
1

4
(7 )
95
(7 )

22
2
70
7
-

28
71
1
-

6
_
94
_

56
5
40
_

9

-

6
_
83
4
-

1
_
99
_

-

12
6
81
1
"

68
23

-

10
3
82
5
(7 )

29
2
67
1
1

3
(7 )
97
(7 )

22
71
7
-

19
6
73
1
-

6
_
94
_

56
5
40
_
-

6
7
86
1
-

9
_
68
23
-

3
1
85
4
-

1
_
99
_

-

7
3
84
5
(7 )

3
(7 )
93
(7 )
3
1

1
(7 )
94
5
-

_
91
_
9
"

12
85
_
3
-

6
88
_
6
-

97
(7 )

3
1
86
_
9
(7 )

2
1
93
_
4
~

_
77
_
23
-

_
_
90
_
4
-

1
79
_
20
-

_
_

12

6

-

_

(7 )

_

_

48

68

2
1
67

_
_

66

3
1
58

39

34

67

A fte r 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
2 w e e k s ____ __
__ ______
__ __
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ____
3 w e e k s ____
___________________ _
4 w eeks
_ _
_
O v e r 4 w e e k s _ __ _______________________________

-

A ft e r 12 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
2 w eek s
__
___
_
O v er 2 and under 3 w e e k s . ___ __ _ _____ _
_
__________________
__ _
3 w e e k s ______
4 w eek s
.
_
O v e r 4 w e e k s ______ ________ _______ ___

-

A ft e r 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
2 w e e k s _____________________________________ „______
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________ __ _____ ___
O v er 3 and under 4 w e e k s
__ _ _
__ _
4 w e e k s ___ ______________ _ _____ __ _____
O v e r 4 w eek s

3
-

"

A fte r 20 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
2 w eek s
_
_
____
2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s
. _ _ ___
3 w eek s ____
_
_ ___ ____
O v er 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s __ ____ _____ _ __
4 w eeks
____ _
__ _________ ________
O v e r 4 w e e k s __________________________ __ ____
O ver

2
(7 )
76
1
21
1

1
C)

62
_

36
(7)

_

_

_

34

39

26
-

94
2
5
-

_

1

_

_

_

_

-

36
1

28
1

61
-

60

32

-

-

3
1
35

2
1
41

A fte r 25 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
2 w eek s _
_
__________
_ _
O ver 2 and und er 3 w e e k s _____
3 w eek s
_
______
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s _ __ _ __ __
4 w eek s __
_
__
O v er 4 w e e k s ______ _ ___________________ _____

2
(7 )
46
2
49
1

1
(7)
32
(7 )
66
(7 )

_

12

6

-

_

_

29

34

20

-

_

_

71
"

54

74
-

(7 )
61
4
34
(7 )

_

_

1

_

_

_

11

24

30

_

_

_

_

_

60
1

54
1

89
-

70
-

69
-

1
In clu d es b a s i c p la n s on ly. E x clu d e s plans such as v a c a tio n -s a v in g s and th o se plan s w h ich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits b eyon d b a s ic plans to w o r k e r s
w ith q u a lify in g len gth s of s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l o f such e x c lu s io n s are plans r e c e n t ly n egotia ted in the s te e l, alum in um , and can in d u s tr ie s .
In clu d es data f o r s e r v ic e s , in addition to th o se in du stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
3 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , com m u n ic a tio n , and other p u b lic u tilitie s .
4 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l estate.
5 In clu d es data f o r r e a l e sta te and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
6 In clu d es p a y m en ts o th e r than "len gth o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual ea rn in g s o r fla t -s u m p a y m e n ts, co n v e r te d to an equ ivalen t tim e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le,
a p aym en t of 2 p e r c e n t o f annual ea rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r il y r e fl e c t the individ ual p r o v is io n s
f o r p r o g r e s s io n s . F o r e x a m p le , the chan ges in p r o p o r tio n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in clu d e chan ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s tim a te s a re
c u m u la tiv e .
T h u s, the p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay or m o r e a fte r 5 y e a r s in clu d e s th o s e w ho r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y e a r s of s e r v ic e .
7 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.







T a b le B -6 .

H e a lth , In su ra n ce, a n d P e n s io n P lan s

(P e r c e n t o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in du stry d iv is io n s em p lo ye d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e fits , 1 San F r a n c is c o —
2
Oakland, C a lif. , January 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS

Type o f b e n e fit

All
industries L

A ll w o r k e r s --------- ------------------------------------------------

100

PLANT WORKERS

4

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

3

Finance

All
r
industries

5

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

95

3

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :
98

95

100

94

91

100

98

98

100

100

60

67

57

70

41

60

61

66

67

81

35

78

70

79

79

80

80

78

66

93

90

88

-----------

25

27

26

24

3

32

17

24

25

13

1

-----------

60

63

38

68

36

67

28

12

59

30

29

— — -

9

1

35

7

44

-

41

35

34

58

59

99
99
96
61
94

100
100
100
94
77

100
97
95
80
69

97
97
90
71
58
2

98
98
82
95
92

99
99
96
50
89
(7 )

99
99
96
35
99

100
100
100
83
93

100
93
91
54
* 88

100
100
97
66
65

L ife in s u r a n c e — _________________________ _
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------------- _
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r b o t h 6 --------------------------------------S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aitin g p e r io d )--------------------------S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aiting p e r io d )---------------------------

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e ____________________
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------M e d ica l i n s u r a n c e ___________________ _____ C a ta stro p h e in s u r a n c e -----------------------------------R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n --------------------------- — -----N o health, in s u ra n ce , o r p e n s io n plan---------

97
97
89
82
83
(7 )

1 In clu d es th ose plan s f o r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e by the e m p lo y e r , e x c e p t those le g a lly r e q u ir e d , su ch as w o r k m e n 's co m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y ,
and r a ilr o a d re tir e m e n t.
2 In clu d es data f o r s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o s e in du stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l estate.
5 In clu d es data f o r r e a l e sta te and s e r v ic e s , in a dd ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
6 U nduplica ted to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e show n se p a r a te ly b e low . S ick le a v e p lan s a r e lim it e d to th o s e w h ich d e fin it e ly
e s ta b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' pay that can be e x p e c te d by e a ch e m p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n ce s d e te r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .
7 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.

T a b le B -7 .

P a id S ick L e a v e

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
b y f o r m a l s i c k le a v e p r o v i s i o n s , San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a r y 1 964)
O

OFFICE WORKERS
S ick le a v e p r o v is io n

All
industries 1

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities 2

PLANT WORKERS

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 3

All
industries 4

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities 2

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

1 00 .0

1 00 .0

100. 0

1 00 .0

100. 0

1 00 .0

100 .0

100. 0

100. 0

1 00 .0

1 0 0 .0

6 9 .9

64. 1

7 3 .5

7 4 .8

7 9 .5

6 6 .5

69. 0

47. 1

9 2 .9

88. 3

88. 1

30. 1

3 5 .9

2 6 .5

25. 2

20. 5

3 3 .5

3 1 .0

5 2 .9

7. 1

1 1 .7

1 1.9

U n iform p la n :5
No w aitin g p e r io d
....
........................
F u ll pay 6____________________ __ __________
5 d ays
6 d a y s _ ...
............
............... .
10 d a y s
12 d ays
..... . ........... ..
.........
16 d a y s ....
20 d a ys
22 d a y s .
.
..... .
.
___
30 d ays __
_
130 days
F u ll pay p lu s p a r tia l pay 6
3 d a ys
. .
_
_ _
P a r t ia l p a y on ly
W aiting p e r i o d _________________________________
F u ll p a y ___ _____________________ __________
F u ll p a y plu s p a r tia l p a y _________________
P a r t ia l p a y o n l y ____________________________

37. 2
36. 3
6 .5
4 .0
8. 8
7. 0
6. 2
.2
.9
1 .2
.3
.8
.6
.2
1. 3
1. 1
. 1
. 1

23. 1
1 9 .7
2. 9
2 .4
11. 2
3. 1
3. 4
2 .9
.4
.4
"

3 1 .4
3 1 .4
3 .4
8 .0
17. 3
2 .0
.1
1.7
1 .7
“

50. 7
50. 7
12. 5
10. 9
22. 5
2. 2
2. 6
2. 2
2. 2
“

22. 2
19 .6
1 .0
7. 3
9. 1
2. 2
2 .6
3. 2
1. 1
2. 1

4 2 .8
42. 8
8 .9
1 .7
11. 1
1 5 .8
2. 3
2 .9
“

17. 1
16. 3
3. 4
7 .9
3. 5
.8
( 7)
.7
.4
.4
1 9 .6
1 4 .0
4. 4
1 .3

6. 1
5. 1
2 .9
.9
1. 2
1.0
14. 5
9. 1
4. 5
.9

4 9 .0
4 9 .0
2 .8
2 5 .9
1 5 .4
5. 0
5 .8
5 .8
“

22. 9
22. 9
.9
1 3 .0
1 .9
7. 1
48. 8
42. 7
6. 1
“

18. 2
1 6.0
4 .0
1 2.0
_
2. 2
2 0 .0
15. 0
.3
4. 7

G ra du ated pla n 5— A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e :
No w aitin g p e r i o d .
F u ll pay 6____________________________________
5 d a y s ________ ________________________
6 days
7 d a ys
10 d a y s ......... ....
............
11 d a ys
12 d ays
40 d a y s .
.........
40 to 50 days __ _______________________
F u ll p a y plu s p a r tia l pay 6
5 days
10 d a ys
22 d a y s ______________________________ ___
24 days
W aiting p e r i o d _________________________________
F u ll p a y ____ __ _______________ _____ ___
F u ll p a y p lu s p a r tia l p a y _________________
P a r t ia l pay on ly

2 3 .5
14. 7
1 .4
1. 2
2. 5
4. 3
.8
1 .7
.4
1. 2
8. 7
4. 2
2 .5
1.7
.3
7 .8
.5
2. 1
5. 2

40. 6
25. 3
2 .4
1 .2
1 0 .0
3 .6
.2
.9
5 .6
15. 3
4. 7
5 .5
5. 1
-

7 .0
5 .5
2 .8
1.5

17. 4
8. 5
_
6. 3
_
2. 3
8 .8
5 .9
2. 7
4. 5

16 . 2

2 3 .8
15. 2
3 .0
4. 1
4 .4
_
3 .6
8 .6
8. 2
.4
-

10. 5
5. 4
4. 4
.7
_
-

5. 3
1. 1
1. 1
_
*
4. 2
.1
4. 1
2 1 .2

10. 2
3. 2
1.5
7 .0
7 .0
-

3 .9
3 .9
2. 1
1 .6
12. 7
5. 4

13. 0
6 .5
6. 5
-

All w o r k e r s _

.....

... .

_

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
fo r m a l p a id s ic k l e a v e ________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no form eil pa id s ic k lea v e.

Type and amount of paid aick leave
provided annually

See fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le .




-

-

1 .4
1 .4
32. 3
-

-

-

-

32. 3

4. 5

7. 0
7 .0
_
9 .2
7 .9
37. 9
6 .9
3 1 .0

-

-

-

5 .0
( 7)
3. 7
.9
.2
2 1 .4
1 .2
8. 1
12. 1

-

4. 7
1 6 .5

-

2 5 .5
-

2 5 .5

-

7. 3

6. 5
4 .9
3 7 .0
3 .5
3 3 .6




T a b le B -7 .

P a id S ic k L eave,— C o n tin u e d

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in d u stry d iv is io n s
b y fo r m a l s ic k le a v e p r o v is io n s , San F r a n c is c o -O a k la n d , C a li f ., January 1964)
WORKERS
OFFICE \
S ick le a v e p r o v is io n

All j
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

PLANT WORKERS

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finanoe 3

All ,
industries 4

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

18. 3
6. 5
6. 5
*

Type and amount of paid sick leave
provided annually— Continued
G ra du ated plan 5— A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
No w aiting p e r i o d _________________________ ___
F u ll pay 6____________________________________
10 d a y s________________________ ___________
12 d a y s___________________________________
15 d ays___________________________________
18 d a y s___________________________________
20 d a y s ______________________________ ___
21 d a y s___________________________________
54 d a y s___________________________________
80 d a y s_____________ __ ...............................
80 to 90 d a y s ____________________________
100 d a y s _________________________________
130 d a y s __________________ _____________
F u ll pay plus p a r tia l pay 6__ ____________
5 d a y s ___ _____ _____ __ _____________
50 d a y s___________________________________
65 d a y s ___________________________________
1 30 d a y s ______________________________________________
W aiting p e r i o d _________________________________
F u ll pay __________________________ _____ __ __ __
F u ll pay plu s p a r tia l pay __________________________
P a r t ia l p a y o n l y ________________________________ ____

2 8 .8
1 5 .0
2 .8
1 .3
1. 1
- .9
2 .0
.6
.8
.9
1. 2
.8
.6
1 3 .8
2. 1
2 .6
6. 8
1 .6
2. 7
. 3
2 .3

40. 6
25. 3
1 .7

26. 3

1 0 .8

39. 3
5 .5
-

4. 4
4 .9

1 .2
.7
-

-

-

-

3 .6
.9
5. 6

-

-

-

_
15. 3
1 .2
3 .5
5. 1
4 .6

2. 1
3 3 .7
-

-

1.1

-

1 . 1

-

3 3 .7
-

1 7 .4
11. 2
6. 3
2. 3
2. 7
6. 1
-

4. 6
4 .5
3. 2
1 .3

2 3.9
7 .0
7 .0
-

16.9
6 .9
9 .9
-

3 0 .2

2 3 .8
1 5 .2
4. 1
3 .0
2 .4
2 .3
1 .2
2.1
8 .6
4 .6
3 .6
-

-

-

30. 2

-

1 5 .4
5 .6
4. 4
.3
.7
.2
9 .9
-

.6
6 .6
2. 1
1 6 .8
. 5
8 .9
7. 4

5. 3
1. 1
1. 1
4. 2
. 1

35. 7
3. 2
1 .7
1 .5
3 2 .5

3 .9
1 .6
-

-

-

-

32. 5

-

-

“
1. 6
2. 3

4. 1
21. 2

2 .4

-

-

4. 7
1 6 .5

2 .4

.9
12. 7
5. 4
7. 3

13. 8

56. 5

46. 7

“
“
1 1 .8
-

3. 5
8 .4
-

31. 7
31. 7

Provisions for accumulation
W o r k e r s in e sta b lis h m e n ts having
p r o v is io n s fo r a c c u m u la tio n o f
un u sed s ic k l e a v e ____________________________________________

3 6 .8

2 1 .5

2 0 .6

2 9 .3

2 4 .9

22. 2

1 In clu d e s data f o r s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n s p o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
4 In clu d e s data f o r r e a l esta te and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se in d u s try d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
5 "U n ifo r m p la n s " a r e d e fin e d as t h o s e fo r m a l plans under w h ich an e m p lo y e e , a fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e , is en titled to the s a m e n u m b er o f d a y s ' p a id s ic k le a v e e a c h y e a r .
"G ra d u a te d p la n s " a r e d e fin e d a s th o s e fo r m a l plans u nd er w h ich an e m p lo y e e 's le a v e v a r ie s a c c o r d in g to length o f s e r v ic e . P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n . E s t i­
m a te s r e fle c t p r o v is io n s a p p lic a b le at the stated len gth o f s e r v ic e but do not r e fle c t p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n . T h us, the p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 15 d a y s s ic k le a v e a ft e r 10 y e a r s
o f s e r v ic e m ay a ls o r e c e iv e this am ount a fte r g r e a t e r o r l e s s e r len gth s o f s e r v ic e .
6 M ay in clu d e p r o v is io n s o th e r than th o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a te ly . N u m bers o f days show n under " F u ll pay plus p a r tia l p a y " a r e days f o r w h ic h w o r k e r s r e c e iv e s ic k
le a v e at fu ll p a y; w o r k e r s a r e en title d to a dd ition al days o f s ic k le a v e at p a r tia l p ay.
7 L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bu­
reau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C l a s s A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (h illin g m a c h in e ) . Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C l a s s B , Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (h o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C l a s s A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

23

24
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G -C o n tin u e d

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting, and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C l a s s B . Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C l a s s A, In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.

B# Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.
C la ss

C L E R K , ORDER

Receives customers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve a n y c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.
C la ss




C mPerforms

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

25
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C la ss A .

Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C la ss B .

Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e tr a n sc r ib in g -m a c h in e u /ork . (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. D o e s n o t in c lu d e tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o r k .

26
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
C l a s s C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C l a s s A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations a n d day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C l a s s B 9 Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

C l a s s A. Performs o n e or m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

C l a s s B . Performs o n e or m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

27

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN-.Continued

DRAFTSMAN
L e a d e r . Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen
in preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Inter­
preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­
mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
assist subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

S e n i o r . Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections,
etc., to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such as those involved in strength of materials,
beams, and trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,
materials to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specifications. May
ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a spe­
cialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

J u n ior ( a s s i s t a n t ) .
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
manufacturing purposes. Uses various types of drafting tools as
required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* in­
juries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­
fare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
outs, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helperis permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a l s o supervise these operations. H e a d or c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h -

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricatingoils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

m e n ts e m p lo y i n g m o re than o n e e n g i n e e r are e x c l u d e d .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

29
M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

M ILLW R IG H T

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e fo l l o w i n g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacementpart by a machine shop or sendingof the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose p rim a ry d u t i e s involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of. mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work i n v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e fo l l o w i n g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

30
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K ER , M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general,
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. W o rk ers p rim a r ily e n g a g e d in i n s t a l li n g a n d

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n it a t io n or h e a tin g s y s t e m s are e x c l u d e d .

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. I n c l u d e s g a t e -




m en w h o are s t a t i o n e d a t g a te an d c h e c k o n i d e n t i t y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d
o t h e r p e r s o n s e n te r in g .

31
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve

a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and m a y i n v o l v e o n e o r m ore o f
th e f o l l o w i n g : Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a ke
w o o d e n b o x e s or c r a t e s are e x c l u d e d .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve
in g :

o n e 'o r m o re o f th e f o l l o w -

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow.

L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d an d u n lo a d s h i p s are e x c l u d e d .

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
p in g

w ork

routes,

in v o lv e s :

S h ip ­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
w ork

in v o lv e s:

May

R e c e iv in g

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers' orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R e c e i v i n g c le r k
S h ip p in g c le r k
S h ip p in g an d r e c e i v i n g c le r k

32
TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r i v e r -s a l e s m e n a n d o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

are e x c l u d e d .

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:

T ru c k er, p o w e r (fo r k l if t )
T ru c k er, p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k l if t )

T r u c k d r iv e r ( c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r iv e r , li g h t (u n d er 1% t o n s )

WATCHMAN

T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m ( l l2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
/
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , tra iler t y p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r than tr a ile r t y p e )




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

Available On Request—

The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963. 40 cents a copy.

Occupational W age Surveys
A lis t o f the la test available bulletins is presen ted below .
A d ir e c to r y indicating dates o f e a r lie r stu d ies, and the p r ic e s o f the bulletins
is av ailab le upon req u est. B ulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of D ocum ents, U .S . G overnm ent Printing O ffice , Washington D .C ., 20402,
or fr o m any o f the BLS reg ion a l sales o ffic e s shown on the inside front c o v e r .
A rea

Bulletin
number

A kron, O h io ______________________________________
Albany— chenectady— r o y , N. Y _________________
S
T
A lbu qu erque, N. M e x ___________________________
Allentow n— ethlehem — aston, P a .— J________
B
E
N.
Atlanta, G a _______________________________________
B a ltim o r e , M d____________________________________
Beaum ont— o r t A rth u r, T e x ____________________
P
B irm in gh am , A l a _________________________________
B o is e , I d a h o ______________________________________
B oston , M ass 1
____________________________________

1345-81
1345-53
1345-63
1345-45
1345-71
1385-24
1345-67
1345-56
1345-74
1385-16

20
20
20
20
25
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

B u ffalo, N. Y _____________
B urlin gton, V t 1
___________
Canton, O h io _____________
C h arleston , W. V a _______
C h arlotte, N. C ___________
Chattanooga, T erm .— a __
G
C h icag o, 1111_____________
C incinnati, Ohio—
Ky______
C leveland , O h io __________
Colum bus , Ohio __________

1385-33
1345-50
1345-64
1345-61
1345-58
1385-5
1345-65
1345-54
1385-11
1385-25

25
25
20
20
20
20
30
20
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D a lla s, T ex _______________________________________
D avenport— ock Island— o lin e , Iowa—
R
M
111________
Dayton, O h io ______________________________________
D en ver, C o l o 1____________________________________
D es M oin es, I o w a ________________________________
D etroit, M ic h 1
____________________________________
F o rt W orth, T e x _________________________________
G reen B ay, W is __________________________________
G re e n v ille , S. C __________________________________
Houston, T e x _____________________________________

1385-15
1385-12
1345-35
1385-34
1345-42
1345-47
1385-19
1385-4
1345-68
1345-82

25
20
20
25
20
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

In dia n a polis, Ind 1 ________________________________
Ja ck son , M i s s ____________________________________
J a ck s o n v ille , F la _____________________ -__________
Kansas C ity, M o .—
Kans 1_________ , _____________
_
L aw ren ce— av erh ill, M a s s .— H ______________
H
N.
L ittle R ock — orth L ittle R o ck , A r k _____________
N
L os A n g eles—
Long B ea ch , C a lif 1
________________
L o u is v ille , Ky. —
Ind 1
_____________ ____. ____. . . . ___
L u bbock, T e x _____________________________________
M a n ch ester, N. H ________________________________
M em ph is, Tenn 1_________________________________

1385-30
1345-43
1385-32
1385-26
1345-77
1385-3
1345-62
1345-48
1345-72
1385-1
1385-35

25
20
20
25
20
20
30
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

P r ic e

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Bulletin
num ber

A rea

P r ice

M iam i, F l a 1______________________________________
M ilw aukee, W i s 1
_________________________________
M inneapolis—
St. P au l, M in n 1
____________________
M
M uskegon— uskegon H eights, M ic h _____________
Newark and J e rse y C ity, N. J ___________________
New Haven, C on n _________________________________
New O rlea n s, L a 1________________________________
New Y ork , N. Y 1_________________________________
N orfolk— ortsm ou th and New port News—
P
Hampton, Va 1
________________________________ -__
Oklahoma C ity, O kla_____________________________

1385-29
1345-59
1345-38
1345-69
1345-46
1345-37
1345-44
1345-79

25
25
25
20
25
20
25
40

1345-75
1385-2

25 cents
20 cents

Omaha, N e b r. —
Iow a1____________________________
C
P
P aterson — lifton— a s s a ic , N. J_____________-____
P h iladelph ia, P a .-N . J 1
__________________________
P h oenix, A r i z ____________________________________
Pittsbu rgh, P a 1_____________________ -____________
P ortland, M a in e1 _________________________________
P ortla n d, O reg. — a sh ___________________________
W
P rov id en ce—
Paw tucket, R.I . — a s s 1_____________
M
R aleigh, N. C 1 ___________________________________
R ichm ond, Va 1___________________________________

1385-14
1345-76
1385-31
1345-57
1345-40
1385-22
1345-73
1345-70
1385-7
1385-23

25
20
30
20
25
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

___
___
___
____
___
___
___
___
___
___

1345-55
1385-21
1385-28
1345-78
1385-9
1385-13
1385-36
1345-60
1385-8
1385-10

20
25
20
25
25
20
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls , S. D a k 1 ____________________________
South Bend, I n d __________________________________
Spokane, W a s h 1__________________________________
T oled o, O h io 1
_____________________________________
Trenton, N. J_____________________________________
W ashington, D .C . — d .— a ______________________
M
V
W aterbu ry, C o n n _________________________________
W aterloo, Io w a ___________________________________
W ichita, Kans-------------------------------------------------------W o r c e s te r , M a s s _________________________________
Y ork, P a __________________________________________

1385-20
1345-52
1345-66
1345-51
1385-27
1385-17
1345-49
1385-18
1385-6
1345-80
1345-41

25
20
25
25
25
25
20
20
20
20
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

R ock ford , 111________________________________
St. L ou is, M o .— l l --------------------------------------I
Salt Lake C ity, U tah________________________
San Antonio, Tex 1__________________________
San B ernardino— iv e rsid e — n ta rio, C a l i f 1
R
O
San D iego, C a l i f ------------------------------------------San F r a n cis c o —
Oakland, C a lif1____________
Savannah, Ga _______________________________
Scranton, P a 1_______________________________
Seattle, W a sh 1
______________________________

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102