View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Occupational Wage Survey

DENVER, COLORADO
DECEMBER 1963

Bulletin No. 1385-34




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
DENVER, COLORADO




DECEMBER 1963

Bulletin No. 1385*34
March 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clogue, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and es­
tablishment practices and supplementary wage provisions.
It yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for
metropolitan area labor markets, for economic regions,
and for the United States.
A major consideration in the
program is the need for greater insight into (a) the m ove­
ment of wages by occupational category and skill level,
and (b) the structure and level of wages among labor
markets and industry divisions.

Introduction--------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends for selected occupational groups------------------------------Tables:
1.
2.

3
3

9
10
11

B: Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B -l. Minimum entrance salaries for womenoffice workers__
B-2. Shift differentials_______________________________________
B-3. Scheduled weekly hours_________________________________
B-4. Paid holidays___________________________________________
B-5. Paid vacations-----------------------------------------------------B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans__________________
B-7. Paid sick leave-----------------------------------------------------

13
14
15
16
17
19
20

Appendix: Occupational descriptions------------------------------------------

21

Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the program. Information on occupational earnings is
collected annually in each area. Information on estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions is
obtained biennially in most of the areas.




Establishments and workers within scope of survey
and number studied-----------------------------------------------------Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected periods________________

A: Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women-------------------------A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men and women--------------------------------------------------A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined-------------------------------------A - 4. Maintenance and power plant occupations_______________
A-5. Custodial and material movement occupations__________

A prelim inary report and an individual area
bulletin present survey results for each labor market
studied.
After completion of all of the individual area
bulletins for a round of surveys, a two part summary
bulletin is issued. The firs t part brings data for each of
the labor markets studied into one bulletin.
The second
part presents information which has been projected from
individual labor market data to relate to economic regions
and the United States.

This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Denver, Colo. , in December 1963. It was prepared in
the Bureau's regional office in San Francisco, Calif., by
Robert L. Orr, under the direction of William P. O'Connor.
The study was under the general direction of John L. Dana,
Assistant Regional Director for Wages and Industrial
Relations.

1
4

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
areas. (See inside back c o v e r.)
A current report on occupational earnings and sup­
plementary wage practices in the Denver area is also
available for the machinery industries (May 1963). Union
scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels, are available
for building construction, printing, local-transit operating
employees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

m

5
8




Occupational Wage Survey—Denver, Colo
Introduction

as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work schedules
(rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time salaries
are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have been
rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U. S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of
occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide basis.
In this area, data w ere obtained by personal visits of Bureau field
economists to representative establishments within six broad industry
divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other
public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and
real estate; and services. Major industry groups excluded from these
studies are government operations and the construction and extractive
industries. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of
workers are omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employ­
ment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabu­
lations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions which
meet publication criteria.

Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed may be due to such
factors as (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among in­
dustries and establishments; (2) differences in length of service or
m erit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis;
and (3) differences in specific duties performed, although the occu­
pations are appropriately classified within the same survey job de­
scription. Job descriptions used in classifying employees in these
surveys are usually more generalized than those used in individual
establishments. This allows for minor differences among establish­
ments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment
obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to
indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These d iffer­
ences in occupational structure do not m aterially affect the accuracy
of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material m ove­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to m erit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to office and plant workers. Administrative, executive, and
professional employees, and force-account construction workers whp
are utilized as a separate work force are excluded. "O ffice workers"
include working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing
clerical or related functions. "Plant w orkers" include working foremen
and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) en­
gaged in nonoffice functions. Cafeteria workers and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-tim e workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are reported,




Minimum entrance salaries (table B -l) relate only to the es­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.

1

2

Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries. This information is presented both in
terms of (a) establishment p o licy ,1 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey. In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "other" was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-sh ift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B-4
through B-7) are treated statistically on the basis that these are
applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers
are eligible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums
of individual items in tables B-2 through B-7 may not equal totals
because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i. e. , (1) are provided
for in written form , or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday, even if the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday tim e.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
form al policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate
estimates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings,
or flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay,
payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis; for
example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered
as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.
1
A n establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following
conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.




Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B-6 and B-7) for which at least a part of the cost is
borne by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as
workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans include those underwritten by a comm ercial insurance
company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly
by the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set
aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a form of
life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to form al plans 3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w orker's pay during absence from work
because of illness. Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to
the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com­
m ercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the w orker's life.
2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave that could be expected by each employee.
Such a plan
need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were
excluded.

3

Table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Denver, Colo., 1 by major industry division, 2 December 1963
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

Workers in establishments

Number of establishments
Within
scope of
study3

Within scope of study

Studied

Studied
Office

T o ta l4

Plant

T o ta l4

__

_

_____

____ «...

_____

162

146,000

31,200

81,400

89,470

195
451

50
112

59,100
86,900

9,200
22,000

33, 100
48,300

39,130
50, 340

50
50
50
50
50

56
86
148
72
89

24
18
34
16
20

26,300
10,200
27,200
10,500
12,700

12,900
(6)
21,400
(!)
(6)

21,820
3,080
16,360
4, 500
4, 580

. .

Transportation, communication! and other
public u tilitie s 5..
Finance, insurance, and real
Services 8___

646
50
-

A ll divisions

-------------------------_

5,600
(6)
3,000
(?)
(6)

1 The Denver Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea consists of Adams, Arapahoe, Boulder, Denver, and Jefferson Counties. The "w orkers within scope of study" estimates shown in this
table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison
with other employment indexes fo r the area to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance
of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation w ere excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estimates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and for "a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or more of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too small to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was
not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual estab­
lishment data.
7 Workers from this entire industry division are represented in estimates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in
estimates fo r "a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations; and engineering and architectural services.




Table 2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected periods, Denver, Colo.
Index
(December I960* 100)
Industry and occupational group

Percents of increase

December 1963

December 1962
to
December 1963

December 1961
to
December 1962

111.4
115.0
110.7
113.1

3.5
3.0
2.9
3.4

4.1
5.2
3.2
4.3

3.5
6.1
4.2
4.8

4.2
5.9
5.3
2.8

111.1

3.6

112.0
110.3
113.6

2.7
1.5

3.3
5.7
3.3
4.6

3.8
4.9
3.9
7.0

3.2
4.0
4.7
2.4

December I960
to
December 1961

December 1959
to
December I960

A ll industries:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n a n d w o m e n )

Industrial nurses (men and women)________
Skilled maintenance (m en)__________ _______
Manufacturing:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n an d w o m e n )

Industrial nurses (men and women)
Skilled maintenance (m en)___
Unskilled plant (men).
__

__ _
_

.

1.0

4
Wage Tren ds for Selected O ccupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the p er­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting,
class A and B; clerks, file , class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers, unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
m aterial handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change measure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Sim ilarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new index
(1961 base) and trend series. This series, initiated with the expansion of the
labor market wage survey program to 80 Standard Metropolitan Statistical A reas,
replaces the old series (1953 base).
The new series covers the same job groupings as the earlier series
with the following exceptions: The clerical and industrial nurse groups, form erly
restricted to women, now include both men and women. Changes were also made
in the jobs included within job groupings in order that an identical list could be
employed in all areas.

A: Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Denver, Colo , December 1963)
Anuu
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

$40
W
eekly! Weekly! and
-""i-g 1
(Standard) (Standard) under
$45

NUMBER 07 WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O F
$75
$80
$90
$85
$95 $ 1 0 0 $105 $ 1 1 0 $115

$45

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

_
-

4
4
4

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

over

and
$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

Men
B ille r s , machine (b illin g m ach in e)------Nonmanufacturing_____________________
Public u t ilitie s 2 . ____ — —
C le rk s , accounting, class A ____________
Manufacturing---Nonmanufacturing____________________
Pub)**' u tilitie s 2

31
31
31

40.0
40.0
40.0

$97. 0 0
97.00
97.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

4
4
4

359
69

111.50
108.00

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

5
5

6

_
-

_
-

_
-

8
8

6
6

-

-

28
19
9

_
-

_
-

33

40.0
41.0
40.0
40.0

C le rk s, accounting, class B_____________
Manufacturing—
..
. —
Nonmanufacturing-

156
84
72

40.0
40.0
40.0

87.00
84.00
9 1 .0 0

_
-

C le rk s, ord er ---- _
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

215
41
174

40.0
40.0
40.0

93. 50
94. 50
93. 50

_
-

_
-

30

40.0

99.00

-

_

_

_

_

3

_

_

3

28

39

9

8

-

2

19

33

33
]
32

17

3

16
14

C le rk s, p ayroll —

___
_
—
„

O ffice boys
_
kifamifartiiring
Nonmanufacturing
DiiKlir ntilitiAo ^

- —
_
—
— — —
_ _

__

.
-

.

—
.

—

Tabulating-machine operators,
class A
----- _ ____
Manufacturing ______ — ___

—

-

Tabulating-machine operators,
cla ss B
___ ______
________
Manufacturing
- __ . — —
Nonmanufacturing— — — Tabulating-machine operators,
cla ss C ------------------ — ...........- —
Nonmanufacturing----- —

290

1 1 2 .0 0

14

21

-

10

6

4

i
15

11
2

21

15

13
3

9

6

155
41
114
25

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

65. 50
59.50
67. 50
82.00

79
36
43

39. 5
40.0
39. 0

119.50
120.50
119. 0 0

142
60
82

39.5
40.0
39.0

1 0 1 .0 0

36
32

107
96

-

6
1

5

_
“

6
6

-

5
5

_

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

35
9
26

80
5
75
1f
17

39

49
7
42
j

12

15
5

48
36

27

10

9

11

9

1

10

16

1

8

4
4

54
18
36

58
58

48
42

15
15

5
5

3

_

7

3

14

2

!

14
14

2
2

1

1

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

27
5

12

2
1

2

1

2

4
_
4

!
-

’
-

I
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1

-

_
-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

12
2

23
3

95. 50

-

6

10

20

39.5
39.5

78. 50
78. 50

-

“

-

-

10
10

2
2

2
2

9
7

1

-

-

40.0
40.0

70.00
69.50

_

_

9
9

16
16

24
24

9
9

_

23
14

13

_

98.00

_
-

6

12

2

37

7
5

7
3
4

8

-

22

7
5

-

1

-

6

_

-

6

-

8

-

10

_

_

3

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

8

9
7

]
-

4
— 5~~
-

7
10

7

-

14
14
14

10
3

111. 50

_
-

9
9
9

8
2
8

g

7
3

4

5
4

4

4

2

1

2

14
9
5

16
9
7

30
18

19
7

10

12

9
5
4

-

12

11
10
1

-

6

6

1
1

1
1

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

“

“

“

■
_
*

1
1

-

-

-

5

9
1

6

4

7

5

2

7

5

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_

_

_

_

“

-

■

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

Women
B ille r s , machine (b illin g m ach in e)------Nonmanufacturing--------------------------B ille r s , machine (bookkeeping
machine) — ------ - —
Nonmanufacturing — -----Datatl ffa/ln
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
cla ss A - R eta il trade________________________
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
cla ss B
Mnnmannfarhi ring
P a fa il fra/ln

See footnotes at end of table.




-

58
44
33

40.0
40.0
40.0

66.50
60.00

109
91
39

40.0
40.0
39.5

82.00
82.00
82.00

227

40.0
40.0
40.0
40. 5

74.00
77. 50
73.00
73. 50

66

161
96

6 8 .0 0

'
-

'
-

-

26
26
26

10

5
3

3
3
3

11

12
12

_

6
1
1

1
1

-

7
7

4
-

'
-

-

-

-

-

6
2

2
2

11
11

12
12

27
27

-

-

-

-

10

4

6

-

6

-

-

2

9

21

68
7

29

26

31

12

9

15
5

_

12

9

25
17

2

61
44

8

17
15

14

22

12

15

-

6
8

-

37
29
13

8
2

-

1
1

8

4
17

4

10

1
1

-

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Denver, C olo., December 1963)
Avbbaub
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$40
W
eekfe
Weekly,
hours1 earnings and
under
(Standard) (Standard)
$45

$45

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

12

15
15
7

27
27
3
24

93
73
3
40

104
28
76
7
19

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNING8 OF
$85
$75
$80
$90
$95 $ 1 0 0 $105 $ 1 1 0 $115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

over

and
$80

$85

$90

$95

62

26
9
17
-

34
15
19
-

2

2

59
37

35
18
17

30

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

Womenr—Continued
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
40.5

$90.50
96.50
88.50
102.50
80.00

.
-

_
-

.
-

78.00
80.00
77.00
93.00
67.50

_
-

_
-

17
5

639
79
131

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
40.0

C lerks, file , class A — ------------------- -----Nonmanufacturing--------

71
62

39.0
39.0

74.00
73.00

_

_

-

“

C lerks, file , class B ---------------Nonmanufacturing...________ ____ ____
Di^Klir i^ilitioa ^
Retail trade-------------------------------

326
301
87
42

39.5
39.5
40.0
40.5

62.50
61.50

_
.

10

21

10

21

59.50

"

-

4

C lerks, file , class C __ ------ __ __ ----Manufacturing....------------------------- Mnnma nnfa r*fn ri ng

155
25
130

39.5
40.0
39.5

57.50
59.00
57.50

_
-

_
-

78

C lerks, order —
------- - - .— ... ---Manufacturing—---------- —
------- ---------Nonmanufacturing—----------- ------------P Atail

274
6o
214
91

40.0
40.5
40.0
40.0

76.50
79.50
75.50
64.50

_
-

283

C lerks, accounting, class A ------------- Manufacturing —
____
Nonmanufacturing---------- -------------Public u tilities 2 ------------------------Retail trade________________________

385

C lerks, accounting, class B__ -----------Manufacturing-------—
_________________
Nonmanufacturing--------------------------Public u tilities 2 -----------------------Retail trade-------------------------------

859

100

285
69
109
220

Manufacturing-------------------------------Nonmanufacturing-------------------- -----DiiKI i / utilitiAO ^
Retail trade— ------------- - — ----

1 11

172
29
49

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
4o! o

86.50
87.50
86.50
104.50
77^0

Comptometer operators— ---.. Manufacturing_________________________
Nonmanufacturing--------------------------D
ttmJa

314
70
244
96

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

75.00
76.00
75.00

Keypunch operators, class A_ ----—
Manufacturing-------------------------------Nonmanufacturing___ ________ — ____
Public utilities 2 ------------- —

350
91
259
48

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

82.00
87.50
80.00
96.50

Keypunch operators, class B--------------Manufacturing--------------- ---------------Nonmanufacturing--------------------- ----Public u tilitie s 2 -------- --------------

398
95
303
130

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

Office g i r l s ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing------------- -------------

127

39.5
39.5
40.0

P a t ^ i l f i * o /1a

See footnotes at end of table,




122

46

-

12

-

-

-

8

7
7
7
-

51
51
29

106
27
79

12
12

12

70

-

2
2

6 6 .0 0

_
-

2

3
3

13
13

117
112

28
20

5
4

37

2

11

22

26
13
10

40
31

100

120

108
108
34
14
34
5
29
21

2
20

----- 5“
15
27

14
14

5
3

16
9

1
1

4
4

1
1

2
2

25
23

9
5

13

15

8

1

6
2

8
8

2

37
37

7
7

5
5

.
-

47
li
24

10

24
9
15
7

24

2

49
29

8
2
6
8

15

21

27
16
11

24

-

2

21

25
13

-

2

-

7

21

20
8

11

54
2

4

52

36

43

29

12

21
22

19

10

13

2

13

7

5
23

-

-

56
23
33
5

24

-

48
7
41
14

6

2
21

8

I]

8

40
17
23
3

82

33

11

6

71
"

“

58.50
58.50
58.00

_
-

6
6

16
14
8

5
_
5
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

8

-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

5
5

9
5
4
4

2

-

-

-

-

-

1

"

1

1
1

1

-

’

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

6
8

1
8

2

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

26
10

18

27
-

16
3

17
4

58
31
27

13
9
4
3

-

-

-

-

-

25
25
"

32
5
27

44

78
15
63
17

64
18
46

40

16

17

30

21

20
10

6

8
8
2

11
6

8

6

7
5

2
2

_
-

_
-

1

19

11

-

2

2

9

2

8

16

6

10

41
40
14

_

"

_

-

9

10

54
54
24

_

-

-

28

1

_

14

11

43
23

2
2

23
4
19

27

42
42
23

8

8

44
T~
42
36

38

-

6

_
_
_

2

3

20

"

1

8

7
5

1

38

-

_

8
8
8

-

-

1

"

1

22

39
39
39

20

8

5
5

8

_

_
-

1

-

-

1
1

-

_
-

9
_
9

_
_
_
-

12
12

8
6

-

74.00
80.00
72.00
78.00

12

13

_

-

38

18
-

22

_

-

35
15
20
12

23
97

10
101
8

-

-

23
3
20

43
57
3
3

20

21

9

111

8

6 8 .0 0

56
23
33
14
5

4

21

46
44
26

18

1

1

20

4

18
18
13

28
28

_
-

_
-

_
-

29
1

1

j
-

13

1

14

12

1

-

-

"

"

-

-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
-

-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, D enver, Colo. , Decem ber 1963)
Avbiuai
Num
ber
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF
$40

$45

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$45

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

Cl

148
27

296
100

190

240
102

226

54

16

35
7

27
Q

o

1C

176
24
1 DC
1
|j

140

“

20

127
34
7

45
14

3

1X
io

138
23
10

“

40
17
1

89
41

65
26

171

15

27

_

2

15
14

27
25

*

2

5
2

39
7
3

■
“

20
3
17
12

3
3

2

1

and
W »
k
(Standard) (Standard) under

$145

and

W omen— Continued
1 ,6 9 7

$ 9 6 .0 0
9 8 . 00
9 5 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0
8 6 . 50

"

1, 179
248
90

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

976

3 9 .5

8 1 .5 0

-

-

"

“

555
141

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
40. 5

8 0 . 00
9 0 . 50
7 3 . 50

502

3 9 .0

149
353
75
37

40. 0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

35 1
69
282
27

4 1 .0
40. 0
4 1 .5
40. 0

76

5 l8

Stenographers, general

—

_

“

4
-

60
60
1

55
12
13
2

4

103
19
84

_

_

_

8 6 . 50
8 8 .0 0
8 5 .5 0
9 8 . 00
7 4 . 50

_

_

_

“

"

“

"

"

17

6

15

47

17

6

15

47

3
72

4 1 .0

7 2 .0 0
8 8 . 00
6 8 . 50
9 6 . 50
6 4 . 50

_

"

10

13

32

6

3

323

4 0 .0

7 6 . 50

_

.

11

126
197
37
56

40. 0

29
18
11

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

50
10
40
7

66
42

39. 5
39. 5
40. 5

73.
78.
86.
70.

4
4

9

29

4 0 .0

9 2 . 50

67
52

4 0 .0

6 7 .0 0

40. 0

6 6 . oO

163

3 9 .5

7 2 . 00

139

39. 5

Typ ists, class A ______________________________ —
iwanuxaciur ing. ------------------------------ — ---------Nonm.armfa.-c tu ring _____ ____ ____ ____ ____
Public u tilitie s 2
— . __
R eta il trade__
___ ___
_____

560
144
416
62

Typ ists, class B ____ ______
__ . -------Manufacturing----- --------------- ---Nonmanufacturing__
.. . — __
R etail trade__ __ __ _

R eta il trade__

69

Stenographers, sen ior..
Manufacturing

_

N n n m a m ifa p h ir in p

Public u tilities
R eta il trade .

__

_____

----

____

2

.
—

Switchboard operators ___
Manufacturing -.
-.
. __
N onmanufactur ing--------------------------R eta il trade -

-

____

Switchboard o p e ra to r-re cep tio n ists____
Nonmanufacturing .
Public u t ilitie s 2 .......................................
R eta il trade
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B _ _
. . . .
.
_____

._

Tabulating-machine operators,
class C — .
___ ___ __
Nonmanufacturing — -

__
—

_

Transcribing-m achine operators,
g e n e r a l ____ ___________
_________ . . ___
Nonmanufacturing ________________________

00
50
50
50

"

30

196
31
5

$7
93
19
5

j"

$

180
134

76
47

46
C0

29
13

133
43
90
33

65
21
44

73

23

37

21

29
AA
44

9
14

9

9

16
21
11

20
13

20
10
10
1
2

59
4
55

10

4

4

15

75

20

29
7
22

23
6
17
1
2

45
14
31

18
6
12

13
7
6

13
5
8

5

4

8

51

18
3
15

29
23
6

29
1

T
17
1

24
3
1

25
26
3

70
22

4
8

10

18
TT~
5
1

9
3
6
6

27

8
8

17

9

15

4

11

5

4

3

3

-

-

-

3
8
4
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

■

“

15
13

1

■

_

_

~
“

—

5
5”
2
1

8

— 3

"

-

1
1

-

-

-

”

"

■

”

■

“

■

“

"

-

_

"

_

8

3

4

8

2

1

1

-

-

9
3

1
1

3
3

-

-

-

-

14

35

18

23

2

8

7

14

35

18

18

29
21

12

10

12

-

-

6

52

75
23
52
2
2

89
31
58
4
37

30
23

33

5

2

6

33
25

5
2

67

6
3
3

26
1

1
1

-

25

“
“

1

1
1
1

99
58
41

“

1

68
2
4

65
24
41
1

38
31

52

88
4
84
9
1

76
8

8

“

5
5

8

“
"

-

1

7 4 . 50
8 1 . 00
7 2 .0 0
8 3 . 50
75. 00

-

768
193

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

6 7 . 50
7 2 . 50

575
58

39. 5
4 0 .0

6 6 .0 0

8
8
66

101

66

8
93
24

“

186
47
139
8

133
28
105
11

1
83
9
74
15

39
28

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




27
r ~
26
16

1

1

26
17

39. 5
40. 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
40. 5

_

—

]

g

5
i

1
1

12

10

_
_
_

37
r ~
30
24

---- T ~

28
10
6

28
28

-

"

—

1

27
5

~

-

7 0 .0 0

-

43

---- 3“

2

93
28
A5
0c
A
4

1

-

6 3 . 50

10
"
10

■

53

5

99
1C
0
27

43
97
6
17

-

-

-

-

"

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

"

■

-

-

-

8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A verag e straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, D enver, Colo. , D ecem ber 1963)
Average
W eek ly,
h o u rs 1
(S ta n d a r d )

W eek ly |
( S ta n d a r d )

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T I M E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F

t l
©A

N um ber
of

~$80
and
undez
$85

$85 ~$90~ ~$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$90

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155 $160 $165 $170 $175 $180 $185 $190 $195 over

$125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155 $160 $165 $170 $175 "fl8 0

_

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$95

$100

$185 TT90" $195
and

Men
Draftsm en, leader-.
Mannfarhirino

-

118
25

Draftsm en, sen ior---------------------|U|aniifaptiiping
Nnnmannfarfnping
PiiM ir iitilitiaa *

Manufacturing----—
----—-----------Nonmanufacturing-------------------

_
_

40.0
40.0

$166.50
167.00

490
258
232
29

— _

40.0
40. 0
40. 0
40.0

132.00
126.50
138.50
135.00

196
104
92

40.0
40.0
40.0

103.50

52
38

40.0
40.0

_

_

_

_

_

4

4

5

!

5

1

_

_
_

.
_

.
_
_
_

14
_
14

12

_
_

10

26
18

4

8

6

16
8
8

13
9
4

1

28
25
3

53
38
15
7

98
69
29
3

5
5
■

19

4
3

24
13

7

1

1
1

103.00

!

3
3

1
1

26
23
3

1

_

1

1

2

107.50

1 0 0 .0 0

_

15
5

26
15

40
19

22

13

8

10

1
1

21

14

1
12

18
16

10

4
4

.

37
32
5
1

19
4
15
4

_
_

35
18
17
5

!

_

1

35
20

15
4

!

12

1

42
9
33

20
1

19

23
_
23

25
13

9

15
1

14

6

_

1
1

14

6

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

1

2

12

_
.
_
_

8

11

5
.

_
_

4
1

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

.

1
1

1

Women
Nurses, industrial (re g is te re d )----

1 0 2 .0 0

5

6

2

4

8

_

1

2

_

_

!
_

_
•

_
_

Standard hours re flect the workweek fo r which em ployees re ceive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




_

_
.

_
•

_
_

9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-tim e w eekly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Denver, Colo., December 1963)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

Average
weekly j

B ille rs , machine (bookkeeping machine)—
N onmanufactur ing— — ...— —.— ...— —
R etail trade__________________________
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A
N onmanufactur ing
R etail trade---------------------------------

138
127
45

$76.50
76.00
88.50

58
44
33
111

93
39
243

C lerks, accounting, class A -----------------Manufacturing— — ------------------------Nonmanufacturing— -------------------------Public u tilities 2 --------------------------R etail trade---------------------------------

744
169
575

C lerks, accounting, class B--------- -— ----Manufacturing---------------------------------Nonmanufactur ing— —
— —— — —
Public u tilitie s 2 --------------------------R etail trade---------------------------------

1. 015
304
711

Comptometer operators.
Manufacturing--------Nonmanufacturing—
Retail trade— — .

66

177
96

102
121

323
126
197
37
56

$76.50
73.00
78.50
86.50
70.50

Tabulating-machine operators, class A.
Manufacturing—
........
Nonmanuf actur ing—— —
— — ...— —
.

89
45
44

119.50

Tabulating-machine operators, class B.
Manufacturing— — — — —
—
Nonmanufacturing.............. ............. .

171
105

97.00
100.50
94.50

Tabulating-machine operators, class C.
N onmanufactur ing—— — — — — ——

103
84

71.00
70.50

Transcribing-m achine operators, general
N onmanufactur ing— — — — —
—

163
139

72.00
70.00

Typists, class A . ____
Manufacturing—
Nonmanufacturing—
Public utilities 2
Retail trade------

587
146
441
87
53

75.50
81.00
73.50
89.00
75.00

Typists, class B ----Manufactur ing----Nonmanufacturing.
Retail trade----

776
193
583
58

67.50
72.50

Draftsmen, leader— — — —
—
—
Manuf actur in g............. ....... —

118
25

166.50
167.00

Draftsmen, senior— — ——
—— —.
Manufactur ing-------------------Nonmanufacturing--------------Public u tilitie s 2 __________

494
258
236
29

132.00
126.50
137.50
135.00

Draftsmen, ju n io r-----------------Manufacturing-------------------Nonmanufacturing—_____ — —

211

8 8.0 0

115
96

102.50
99.50
106.50

69.00
96.00
64.50

Nurse 8 , industrial (registered).
Manufacturing..— —
——

53
39

103.50
102.50

321
72
249
96

$75.00
76.00
75.00
6 8 .0 0

50

74.50
82.50
87.50
80.50
97.50

Duplicating-machine operators
(M im eograph or Ditto)----------

82.50
82.50
82.00

Keypunch operators, class A.
Manufacturing----------------Nonmanufacturing----------Public u tilitie s 2 ---------

356
91
265
54

Keypunch operators, class B.
Manufacturing— — — —
Nonmanufacturing----------Public u tilities 2 .— — .

398
95
303
130

74.00
80.00
72.00
78.00

O ffice boys and g irls
Manufacturing—
N onmanufac tur ing
Public utilities
R etail trade----

282
46
236
46
48

62.50
59.50
63.00
72.50
57.50

S e c re ta r ie s __________
Manufacturing----Nonmanuf actur ing.
Public utilities
Retail trade----

1, 701
518
1, 183
252
90

96.00
98.00
95.00
105.00
86.50

Stenographers, general
Manufacturing.— ----Nonmanuf actur ing—
Public utilities 2—
Retail trade--------

980
421
559
145
69

82.00
84.00
80.00
90.50
73.50

Stenographers, senior.
Manuf actur ing— —
Nonmanufactur ing—
Public u tilitie s 2.
Retail trade------

504
149
355
77
37

Switchboard operators.
Manufacturing—
Nonmanufacturing—
Public utilities 2.
Retail trade------

356
69
287
32
76

72.50

Switchboard operator-receptionists
Manufacturing—
N onmanuf actur ing—
Public u tilities 2 ____— .— ____
Retail trade------------------------

86.50

76.00
77.50
75.00
73.50
100.50
1 0 1 .0 0

100.50
105.50
83.50

151
72
63

74.50
73.00

C lerks, file , class B .
N onmanuf actur ing—
Public u tilitie s 2
R etail trade—

337
312
87
42

62.50
61.50
66.00
59.50

C lerks, file , class C
Manuf actur ing— —
N onmanuf actur ing-

155
~Z5

130

57.50
59.00
57.50

C lerks, o rd e r— ——
Manuf actur ing.— Nonmanufactur ing.
R etail trade----

489
101
388
107

84.00
85.50
83.50
70.50

C lerks, p a yroll------Manufacturing—_
_
Nonmanufacturing.
Public u tilities
R etail trade----

313
127
186
38
50

88.00
8 8 .0 0
88.00
106.00
78.00

100

Occupation and industry division

O ffice occupations— Continued

66.50
60.00

79.50
81.00
78.50
94.00
69.00

Earnings relate to regu lar straight-tim e weekly salaries that are paid fo r standard workweeks.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




earnings *
(Standard)

6 8 .0 0

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B
Manufacturing—— -------------------------- —
N onmanufactur ing—
— — ———— —
R eta il trade— ------------------------------

C lerks, file , class A ---------------------------Nonmanufacturing—
— — —— ——

Number
of
worker*

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations
B ille rs , machine (billin g machine) --------N onmanufac tur ing-------------- ----... ...... .
Public u tilities 2 ---------------------------

Occupation and industry division

8 8 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

98.00
74.50

66

1 2 0 .0 0

118.50

6 6 .0 0

63.50

Profession al and technical occupations

10
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Denver, C olo., December 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

i

A m i* $1.70 $1.80 $ 1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 l O o $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 f O o $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $ T 2 o $3.30 $ O o $3750 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00 $4.10
and
wnffie1
under
$1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00 $4.10 $4.20

Carpenters, maintenance----------------Nonmanufacturing-------------- --- — —
Electricians, maintenance----- --------Manufacturing----- — -------- --- ------

1

Occupation and industry division

139
92
47
229
188

9

36

“

9

l6
20

24
15
9

1

4
1

2
2

2
2

2
2

33
30

4
4

4

$3.09
3.15
2.95
3.27
3.25'

307
199
108

3.04
3.29
2.57

-

Firemen, stationary b o iler----------- —

57
55

2.79
2.79

5
5

_

Helpers, maintenance trades----- --- —

2.42
2.*9"
2.44
2.44

_

_

_

Nonmanufacturing-----------------------

144
6o
84
79

-

-

-

Machine-tool operators, toolroom----Manufacturing----------- --- --- —
------

107
107
205
18*

3.09
37o7“

20
20

1
1

2
2

10
8

37

10
10

1

1

23
5
18

14
14

4
4

5
3
2

5
5

_

_

_

_

3
3

_

12
10
2

_

4

-

48
18
30
30

31
13
18
15

1

1

3
3

5
5

29
29

26
26

3

2

13
7

19
19

110
110

31
-

9
9

713
---- 55
647
517
289
287

52
2.59
---- 5T“ ■ 2 3 9 “

Painters, maintenance-------------------Manufacturing-— ------------------------

126
60

2.95
3.23

Pipefitters, maintenance — —
Manufacturi ng------- — —
----- — —
---

212
212

3.21
3.21

Manuka

ng

214
n r

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

1

-

-

1

-

23

10
10

12
11

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

-

.
-

19
7
12

2
1
1

35
28
7

-

1
1

~

42
36
7

30
30

20
20

5
*

53
53

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

1

-

-

1

-

1

“

-

-

_
-

3
3

5
5
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

37
37

■

■

■

“

“

"

.

.

_

“

"

■

_

15
15

11
11

47
47

23
*3

7
7

6
6

15
15

4
4

-

12

-

12

80
80

9
9

8
8

40
18

42
42

8

22

22

14

12

-

8

31
19

22

469
18
451
426

15
4

8

98
7
91
35

43

-

136
135

4
4

22

27
26

30
30

■

9
9

3
3

19
19

26
26

.

_

"

“

1
1

3
"

55
55

.

63
63

87
87

4
4

.

_

_

_

.

-

-

“

“

“

“

13
13

49
49

34
34

6
6

1

7
7
2

-

-

-

-

-

t

10
10

.

.

.

.

.

.

8

.
-

.

-

-

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

3.31
3.31

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts,
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




_

22

_
-

-

3.09
3.09

Oilers —
—
—
Manufacturi ng----------------------------

3

3
3

28
5“

_
“

4

3.15
3.04
3.16
3.22

Mechanics, maintenance-----------------Manufacturing----------------------------

-

.
-

Mechanics, ■
automotive
Manufacturi ng------- ---- -------- -----Nonmanufacturing---- ------- ---- — —
^.
..

3

2

3

2
2

2.96
2.96

Machinists, maintenance_____________
Manufacturing----------------------------

5
5

1
1

Engineers, stationary------------------ —
Manufacturing____ _______________—
Nonmanufacturing--------------- -------

_
“

2
2

8
8

“

2

9
9

19
19

3
3

_

50

3

_

11
11

3

7
7

_

22

l
l

1
1

10
10

8
8

.
-

_

-

-

1
1

10
10

“

21

4
2

1

1

34
34

4
4

18
6
17 — 5“

9

9

70
70

“

-

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Denver, Colo., December 1963)

Occupation 1 and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Average $0.70 $0.80 $0 . 9 0 $ 1 .0 0 $ 1 .1 0 $ 1 .2 0 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2 . 0 0 $2 .1 0 $2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20
hourly 2 and
earnings under
$0,80 $0.90 $ 1 ,0 0 $ 1 ,1 0 $ 1 .2 0 $1,30 $1,40 $1,50 $1,60 $1,70 $1,80 $1.90 $2 . 0 0 $2 , 1 0 $2 ,2 0 $2,30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2,80 $2 , 9 0 $3,00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30

E levator operators, passenger
(wome n)_____________________________ __

$1.55
1.57
1.59

-

-

-

-

2.23
2.49

_
-

_
-

2

2 .6 6

-

-

1.92
1.83

-

-

1.81
2.18
1.62
2 .1 0

-

1.56

-

367
27
340
28

1.73
1.75
1.73
1.56

-

5

-

-

5

-

La b o rers, m a terial handling ------------------- 2, 152
Manufacturing —
-------------- — —
367
Nonmanufacturing.—— -------------------1,785
Public u t ilitie s 3 -------------------------------- 1,048
411
R etail trade — —
. —

2.54
2.46
2.56
2.78
2.28

O rd er f i l l e r s ------ --------- — ---------Manufacturing-----------------------------Nonmanufacturing— —
R etail trade ----------------------- ----------

842
214
628
300

2.42
2.51
2.38
2.36

P a ck e rs , shipping ------- — — —
—
Manufacturing—. — --------------------------------Nonmanufacturing — __ — _. — ____

334
208
126

1 .9 8

R eceivin g c le r k s ------------------------------------------ 260
62
Manufacturing. — — —
— —
Nonmanufacturing----------------- ------198
124
R etail trade-----------------------------

2.24
2.35

-

2.18

"

“

Shipping c le r k s ------- - .
— __
Nonmanufacturing— — — -----------R etail trade-----------------------------

125
30

2.40
2.41
2.44

-

-

Shipping and re ceivin g clerk s — — ----Manufac tur ing— — —— — —
— —
Nonmanufacturing . —
— — .

91
37
54

2.56
2.49
2.61

_

_

-

-

71
66

R etail trade_______________________

55

Guards and watchmen-----------------------_
__
Manufacturing — ____
Guards___ __________ _____ _______
W atchmen— . ____ ____
— _
Nonmanufacturing—
. . ____— —

490
302
233
69
188

Janitors, p orters, and clean ers
(m e n )______________________ ____ ____ __
Manufac tur i ng-----------------------------Nonmanufacturing------------------------Public u tilities 3 ----------------------R eta il trade— - —

5oT~
1, 215
170
272

Janitors, po rters, and clean ers
( women) —— — — — — — —
Mannfar hiring

Nonmanufacturing—

------- — — —
—

Qatail

See footnotes at end of table,




1 ,8 1 6

102

-

5

2
2

5

5

5

1
1

11

5

2

5

-

4
-

_
-

17
5

7
5

24
5

22

-

5

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

5

5

12

2

5
19

5
17

8
20

29
29

83

43
14
29

83
17

186

66

184
13
42

125
34
91

385
9
376

3

2

6

30

5

-

96

-

-

-

12

5

96

40

71

-

-

-

30

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

50

4

-

2

7
5

2
1

-

2
2

2
2

1
1

9
-

-

-

-

-

-

40

1
61

18

2

27
27
27

-

-

2
2

1
1

-

~

-

“

-

11

6

54

13

12

-

17
17

1

48
31
4
27
17

22

-

13
4
9
9

12

59
41
18

44
24

8
2

7
13

41
136
87
41
49
5 • 32
4
19

1

20

12

47
9
38
35

196
1 56
40
35

143
139
4
4

48
40

4

5

-

-

13
13

8

4
4

5
5

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

7

2
2

140
64
76

36
1*
24

689
-

-

70
70

-

5

22

12

-

689
689

-

-

-

53

8

1

390
25
365
113
157

38
38

181
175

-

-

-

-

187
5
182
4

14
3

_

1
-

_

_

11

131
lit
19

“

11

13
13
-

14
14
“

1

-

“

34
7
27

38
17

23

4
3

2

t

21
21

23
19

1

-

-

2
2
2

4
1
1

-

-

-

-

1
-

3

5

-

-

1

3

5

1

-

2

4

-

1

9

4

57
23
34

88
12

60
2

6

76

58

127
34
54

5

-

-

18
18

-

22
-

-

9

-

5

22

18
5
13

74
2i
51

61
11

50

133

2

22

10

14

23

13

13

28

5
5

5
5

2
-

12
-

30

17

1

-

-

2
2

12
12

12
12
12

29

6
11

27
3
24

42
3
39

22

11

12

12

25
17

16

13

12

36

10

12

8

3

-

28

2

37
14
23

45

-

18
16

39

“

6
-

9

7

24

33
33
7

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
-

16
15

-

-

-

-

1

4
4
-

1

4

8

16

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

15

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

4
-

49
6

43
43

6

-

12
-

-

-

15
4

13

8

6

9

12

11

12

8

4

6

9

7
7

24

■

3
3

6

11

3
3

4
4

-

“

-

13
5

5

"

“

.
2
2
-

6
6
6

_
-

-

-

.

_

_
-

_

2
2
-

_

-

-

-

-

9

-

"

4
4

8
2

-

4

-

-

8

-

-

2 .2 2

6

15

-

_

1

135
135
132
3
-

15

-

2.13

25
13
13
-

10
10

-

43
35
35
-

293

-

-

22
22

293

-

-

-

28

9
9
-

3

_

-

10

3

_

_

-

5

-

_

-

6
1

_

_

-

9

9

-

-

9

-

-

“

7

28

2
-

2 .2 1

3

-

g
5

19
14

-

-

-

-

“

-

8
2
2

9

_

-

-

2
2

-

“

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

9

26
26

-

3
3

26

1

4

20

9
9

10

239
£6

4
40
37
3

1
1

-

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

“

-

1
-

30
30

_

23
tt

_

_

_

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

_

12
12
-

_

_

-

-

■

“

-

-

_

3

-

-

2
-

3

2

-

9
9
9

11
6

10

16
14

30
7
23

2

1

267
28
239
158

50
50
9
7
3

5
-

-

-

1

"

-

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Denver, Colo., December 1963)

Occupation 1 and industry division

Truckdrivers 1 ---------------------- —-------4
3
2
N onmanufactur ing
Retail trade— ----------—------------

of

2. 663
692
1,971

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
»_
_
$0.70 $0.80 $0.90 $ 1 .0 0 $ 1 .1 0 $ 1 .2 0 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20
J»urty_ 2 and
under
$0.80 $0.90 $ 1 .0 0 $ 1 .1 0 $ 1 .2 0 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $ 1 . ? 0 $2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30

Dukli^ nfiliflAfl ^

Truckdrivers, medium (l7z to
and including 4 tons) —

_
_

_
_

4
4
-

_
-

7
_
7

27
7

12

13
_
13

20

16
13
3

33
_
33

31

_
-

20
11

100

73
28
45

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

8

-

10

-

-

11

8

13

.
-

16
13
3

26

104

-

20

12

13
13

-

26
7
19

11

-

13

11

6

92

-

55
19
36
4

-

16
14

5
5

21

-

2
2

-

6
1

59

368
75
293
230
7

25

47

74
15
59
35

14
13

35

3
3

89
56
33
7

20

515
117
398
267
75

10

_
.

* 445

412
144
268
49

2.27
2.29
2.26
2.78

.
-

_
-

.
.

_
-

_
-

4
4

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1. 249

Truckdrivers, light (under
Manufactur ing---------------- ---------------—
Nonmanufactur ing -------------

_
_

$2.65
2.60
2.67
2 ft5
2.50

12

_

122
22

2

175
54
121
11

64
19
45

2.65
2.64

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

9

-

7

1

-

22

5

18

956
658
125

2^66

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

9

_

7

1

.

22

5

10
8

60
15
45

103
27
76

2.79
Z.Z9

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

1

-

-

5

8

35

609
51
558
400

2.91
2.79
2.92
2.96

.

.

.

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

278

2.64

455
247
208
84

2.59
2.52
2.67
2.90

86

2.51

293

Nonmanufactur ing, -------- -------------—
Dnkli/* iitilitiAfl 3

Retail trade

249
50
199
' 6
157

194
87
107
78

2

126
55
71
60

45

11

10
6

31

4

31
18

12

269
135
134
50
74

15

37

20

5
5

37
28
4

429
84
345
310
35

32
32
32

338
78
260
260

399
9
390
379

Onkl i

iitilitiAA

——

—

^

-

-

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,

Manufacturing——— — ————— — —
Nonmanufactur ing—— -------— ----——

Truckers, power (other than
fo rk lift) .

1
2
3
4

1

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




10
10
-

_

124

5

4

134
131
3

115
33
82

60

3

8
-

17
9

20

-

-

28
28
-

48

-

8

8

28
7

4
1

1

10

2

1

8

90
20

27

121

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

70

-

1
1

70
70

-

-

-

59
6

90

6
6
-

-

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
Manuf actur ing— —

-

-

53
18

_

329
9
320
309

_

75

-

_

2

-

2

_

-

-

-

-

16
16

.

-

-

75
75

-

-

-

_

_

1

_

_

_

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

13

Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W omen Office W orkers
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office workers, Denver, Colo., December 1963)
Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum w eekly s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r y 1

All
industries

Based on standard w eek ly hours
A ll
schedules

Establishments studied ___ __

-

_

3

A ll
industries

of—

Based on standard > k ly hours
vee
A ll
schedules

40

of—

40

40

50

XXX

112

XXX

162

50

XXX

112

XXX

22

21

47

41

84

21

20

63

53

1
2
14
5
4
14
10
5
3
1

_

_

-

1

_
-

_
-

1

1

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

2

2
1
1
5

2
1
1
4

3

3

3
3

4
2
1

4
2
1

2
21
6
6
9
4
2
1
1

1
18
6

6
4

2
5
4

1
1
10
5

$45.00
_
$47.50
__
$50.00__ ______
_
^
_
$52.50_______________________________
$55.00 _ _
_ __

$57.50
$60.00
$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00

and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under

$60.00 _
_
$62.50 _
__
__ _ _ __
__ __ —
$65.00 .
. . . __
$67.50
___
. ___
$70.00___
_
_
$72.50_
__
______— _ _ _ _ _ _

2

2

2

-

-

-

5

5

3

3

2
1
1
1

2
1
1
1

2

2

-

8
5
1
1
2
2
-

“

-

2

2

5

-

27

under
under
under
under
under

1
2
12
5
4
8
6
2
1
2
2

2
2

and
and
and
and
and

11

XXX

16

XXX

30

12

XXX

18

XXX

66

17

XXX

49

XXX

48

17

XXX

31

XXX

3

3
__
_

_

_

E stablish m ents having no s p e c ifie d m inim um _
Establish m ents which did not em p lo y w o rk ers
in this c a t e g o r y __
_ .
_
___

_

__

-

3

-

2
23
7
7
14
7
6
3

1

These salaries relate to form ally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-time salaries that are paid for standard workweeks.
Excludes w orkers in subclerical jobs such as messenger or office girl.
Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweek reported.




3

A ll
schedules

69

__

$42.50
$45.00
$47.50
$50.00
$52.50

____

40

A ll
schedules

2

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

162

Establish m ents having a sp e c ifie d m inim um

$75.00 and under $77.50
$77.50 and o v e r

Other in exp erien ced c le r ic a l w ork ers
Nonmanufacturing

3

8
3

1
1
1

3

3

2

2




14
Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant workers by type and amount of differential,
Denver, C olo., December 1963)
Percent of manufacturing plant w orkers—
In establishments having form al
provisions 1 for—

Shift differential

Second shift
work

Third or other
shift work

Actually working on—
Second shift

Third or other
shift

88.2

79.0

15.0

With shift pay differen tial---------------------------

86.5

79.0

14.4

5.1

Uniform cents (per hour)___ _________ ____

66.2

56.7

10.3

4.2

5 cen ts__________________________________
--- -------6 cen ts-----------------------7 or 7 V2 cents_______ _______ _________
8 cen ts__________________________________
9 cents__________________________________
9 V2 cen ts________________________________
10 cents_________________________________
12 cents — ______
_______ __ —
I 2 V2 cents—
--- ------ __ — _______
13 or 131j cents-------- --------------------2
/
14 c e nt s____________ ____ ___________ ____
15 cents___ — _________ ____________ _
16 cents ----------------------------------------------18 cents ____________________________________
Over 18 cents --------------------------------------

2.1
15.2
1.9
3.3
1.2
1.3
10.0
19.0
_

1.1

5.1

_

_

_

11.6
-

3.9

2.2

1.3
4.9
15.5
.7
.9

-

-

.4
.2
.4
.9
2.1

-

_

-

1.4
10.3

.7
_

4.5

_

1 .2

5.5
3.3
_

-

.7

.1
.2

2.3

5.5

.6

.4
.5

-------------

3.5

-

-

-

5 percent _______________ __________________
1 0 percent --------------------------------------------

1.3

-

_
-

"

2 .2

Uniform percentage ---------

------

2 .1

Full day's pay for reduced hours---------------

.5

-

( 2)

Form al paid lunch period --------------------------

1.4

1.4

( 2)

( 2)

Flat-sum payment per
shift or per week ------------------------------------

6.5

4.0

2 .0

.1

Paid lunch period not given first-shift
workers, plus uniform cents
per hour------------------------------------------------

6.5

9.1

2 .0

.4

Other form al pay differential — -----------------

1.9

5.6

( 2)

.4

With no shift pay d ifferen tial -------------------------

1.7

.7
'

1 Includes establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments with form al provisions covering late shifts
even though they were not currently operating late shifts.
2 Less than 0.05 percent.

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly H ours
(Percent distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-sh ift w orkers, Denver, C o lo ., Decem ber 1963)
P LA N T W ORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R 8

W eek ly hours
AU
1
indu stries

A ll w o r k e r s -------

-------------

—

____________

Under 3 7 V2 h o u rs —
—
— _____
___
3 7 V2 h o u rs ---------------— __ ______ _______
O ver 3 7 V2 and under 40 h ou rs__________________
40 h o u r s _________________ ____________ __________
O ver 40 and under 44 h ou rs.- __ -----44 hour s ____ ______________________________ _ _ __
45 h o u rs __________________________________________
48 h o u rs -------- ------ - ---------- ---- — ..
. . — --------49 h o u rs ------------------

1
2
3
4

100
2
7
3
86

1
1
0
( 4)

M a n u fa c tu rin g

100

P u b lic 2
u tilitie s

R e t a il tra d e

AU
indu stries

100

,

M a n u fa c tu rin g

100

100

2
1
99
( 4)

100

3

3

6

2

-

-

97
1
-

83

-

-

7
2
2
1

-

-

-

83

1
4
5
1
1

91
1
-

Includes data fo r w h o lesa le trade; finance, insurance, and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d ivis ion s shown sep ara te ly.
T ra n sp o rta tion , com m un ication , and oth er public u tilitie s.
Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra de, r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d ivis ion s shown sep a ra te ly.
L e s s than 0.5 percen t.




R e t a il tr a d e

100

100

-

75

1

1
-

P u b lic 2
u tilitie s

-

100
-

3
8

4
5
4

16




Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(Percent distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Denver, Colo. , December 1963)
P L A N T W ORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R 8

Item

P u b lic 2
u tilitie s

A ll
,
in du stries3

M a n u fa c tu rin g

100
W ork ers in establishm ents p rovid in g
paid h o lid a y s ___________________________________
W o rk ers in establishm ents provid in g
no paid h o lid a y s ------------ — — — -----------

AU
1
In d u stries

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

99

89

96

96

84

"

“

( 4)

11

4

4

16

1
1
40
1
6
16

1
23
2
14
15

4
49

77
5

( 4)

R e ta il tra d e

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic 2
u tilitie s

R e t a il tr a d e

Num ber o f days

2 h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________________________

4 holidays - __ — _______ —
___ __ — _
6 holidays —
—
__
---- ._ __
___
6 holidays plus 1 h alf day----------------------------6 holidays plus 2 h alf days ---- ----- — -------7 h o lid a y s ____________________________________ ____
7 holidays plus 1 h alf day— — ----------------7 holidays plus 2 h alf d a y s ------------------------------------------8 h o lid a y s ---------- — -------------------------------------------------------------------9 h o lid a y s ________________________________________
9 holidays plus 1 h alf day ----------------------------------------------10 h o lid a y .

( 4)

( 4)

-

-

27
( 4)
4
21
2
( 4)
38
4
2
1

14
( 4)
7
21
-

1
56

-

10
48

-

85
1
11

-

-

-

-

-

3

( 4)
25

( 4)
41

41

-

43

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'
T o ta l holiday tim e 5

I0 d a y s _____________________________________________________________________
V2 days o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------------------9 days o r m o r e _________ __________ . . . . . . . . . _
8 days o r m o r e -------------------------------------- — -------------------7 V2 days o r m o r e ____________________
— _____
7 days o r m o r e ------------ ---- ----------- -------____________
6 V2 days o r m o r e _______________
6 days o r m o r e --------------------------------------4 days o r m o r e _____ ___________
— ___
2 days o r m o r e ---- -------------- -------------9

1
3
6
45
47
72
72
99
99
99

-

-

86

41
41
90
90

100

100

100

100

100

100

58
58
86

-

Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions
Less than 0.5 percent.
A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example,
7 full days and no half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions
1
2
3
4
5

-

-

-

3
3
14
15
99
99
99

25
25
47
48
88

89
89

-

41
41
70
72
94
94
96

-

43
43
92
92
96
96
96

-

2
2
7
7
84
84
84

those industry divisions shown separately.
shown separately.
the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with
were then cumulated.

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations'

(Percent distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Denver, C o lo ., Decem ber 1963)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tion p o licy

A ll w o r k e r s —

All 2
Industries2

_____ ______

__

___

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities 3
100

Retail trade

All 4
industries4

Public 3
utilities

M
anufacturing

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

89

_

11

_

3
15
3
-

58
_
42
-

2
20

100

100

100

100

98
2

.

_

_
58
.

10
20

-

-

1

20

65
_
35
-

M ethod o f paym ent
W o rk e rs in esta blish m en ts p rovid in g
paid va ca tion s— ------- -------- ------------ __
L e n g th -o f-tim e p a ym en t— -------------P e rc e n ta g e paym ent__________________________
F la t-s u m p a ym en t___
__ __ — __
___
Othf» r ----W o rk e rs in esta blish m en ts provid in g
no paid va ca tion s—
— — _____
_ _ ___
Amount o f va ca tion pav
A ft e r

6

99
( 5)
_
.

_

100

100

84
16
.

73
27
_

98

5
5
_

_
45

-

-

-

73
7

71
17

71

20

12

71
.
29

-

-

27
-

16

42

.
84
-

50

47
13
35

2

2

8
2

-

98
.

-

-

87
3
“

_

2

8
2

-

_
98
_

-

-

_
_

2

_

6

months o f s e r v ic e

U nder 1 w e e k . ___
___ ______ __
__ ____
1 w eek_____________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s ___
__
_ _ _ _ _

1

27
4
( 5)

1
12

_

2

15
10

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
__ __
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ---------------------------w eeks —
_____________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____
_____
2

34
13
52
( 5)

44
36
-

2

A ft e r 2 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek — —
—
—
— . — .
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eeks —
—
___ ___
— —
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________

8
16

72
3

7
41
49
4

79

6

41

38

2

2

6

57
-

60
-

7
3
83

_
_
98

6

2

93
.

-

-

-

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
w eek ______ —
—
_
___ .
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ---------------------------2 w e e k s -------------— — — — ------ —
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w eeks — — ____________________
____ ____
1

1

94
3
1

!
96
4
-

100

5
2

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _____
— — ------ — _________ _ —
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
w e e k s _______________ ____ _______________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s — ---- ------ -------3 w e e k s ----------------------------- ____ —
2

1

1

94
3

96
4
-

1

100

87
3
-

7
3
83

_
‘

5
2

6

2

93
.

-

98
-

-

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k .. —
— ___ __________ . . __________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------- —
2 w e e k s ____ —— _______________ —
___ __________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks — ------------- -------3 w e e k s __ — —__ _________ ___________ __ _______ __
4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------

See footn otes at end o f table.




( 5)
89
4
5
1

_
91
4

_
100

6

-

“

■

2

1

94
.
4
"

92
3
4
■

1

_

_

_
89

_
98

6

2

6

_

■

5
2
88

_
5
■




Table B-5. Paid V acations1 Continued
—
(Percent distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Denver, Colo., December 1963)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKER8
Vacation p o licy

AU .
industries1
2

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities3

Retail trade

AU .
industries4

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities'

Retail trade

Amount of vacation p a y 6— Continued
A fte r 10 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
( 5)
37
3
58
-

O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks

1

2

_
50
50
-

51
47
-

18

25

50

-

78
3
-

75
-

_
-

2
1
2
77
-

1
1
55

34

42
( 5)
-

63
-

37

25

-

1
1
1

48
-

59
( 5)
-

73
( 5)
-

1
1
2
0

9

1

2

_
61
37

2
-

5

2
62
31
-

A fte r 12 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e

O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks

— —

( 5)
_
31
3
64

1
1

2

2

2

-

2
0
78

2
-

5

2
37
56
-

A ft e r 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
(5)
9
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks——________ ____ ______

3
7
79
7
4

2

82
3
3

-

-

6

94
-

2
30
-

6
8
-

(5)
73
3

2

1

81
7
3

4
89

2
5

5

2
17
76
-

A fte r 20 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eeks__ __________ __________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks------ — _______________

4 w eeks—

—

____ ____ __ _______ —----------------

( 5)
_
9

2
6
8
1
2
0
-

3
7
73
5
13
-

-

6
82
-

1
2
-

2
27
57
14
-

1
1
2
0
(5)
56
4
18
( 5)

9
( 5)

4
-

5

2

6
8
8

6
6
2

15
( 5)

28
“

17
50
26
-

4

17

A ft e r 25 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
3

( 5)
53

-

-

-

67

29

31

-

-

-

65
“

47
“

_

4 w eeks............. -__ ___ ___ —

—— — ----- ----------

35
3

2
2
8

-

2
2
1

8

( 5)

6

1
1
2
0
-

36
(5)
39
3

9
44
-

40
7

5

2

-

-

28

33

2

65
“

-

43
“

1
Includes b a sic plans only.
Excludes plans such as va ca tion -sa vin gs and those plans which o ffer "exten ded" o r "s a b b a tic a l" b en efits beyond b a sic plans to w o r k e r s with
q u alifyin g lengths of s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l o f such exclu sions a re plans re cen tly n egotiated in the s te e l, aluminum, and can in du stries.
4
Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e; finance, insurance, and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d ivis ion s shown s e p a ra te ly.
3
Tran sp o rta tion , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
4
Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e, re a l esta te, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry division s shown sep ara tely.
5 L e s s than 0.5 percen t.
6 Includes paym ents oth er than "len gth of t i m e , " such as p ercen tage of annual earn in gs o r fla t-su m paym ents, con verted to an equ ivalen t tim e b a s is ; fo r exam ple, a paym ent
of 2 p ercen t of annual earnings was co n sid ered as 1 w eek 's pay. P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b it r a r ily chosen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in dividu al p ro vis io n s fo r p rog ress ion s.
F o r exam ple, the changes in prop o rtio n s indicated at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e include changes in p r o vis io n s o ccu rrin g between 5 and 10 y e a rs . E stim a tes a re cu m u lative. Thus, the
prop o rtio n re c e iv in g 3 w eek s' pay o r m o re a fte r 5 y e a rs includes those who r e c e iv e 3 w eek s' pay o r m o re a fter fe w e r ye a rs of s e r v ic e .

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t of o ffic e and plant w o rk ers in a ll in du stries and in industry d ivision s em ployed in establish m ents provid in g
health, insurance, or pension ben efits, 1 D en ver, C olo., D ecem b er 1963)
OFFICE W0RKER8

Type of benefit

AU
,
industries 1
2

Manufacturing

PLA N T WORKERS

Public ,
utilities 3

Retail trade

Ail
industries4

Manufacturing

Publie ,
utilities 3

Retail trade

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

L ife insurance__________________________ Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance ----- ------------------------ - -------------Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both5_______________________

91

95

97

87

8
8

95

95

8
6

6
6
8
8

80

75

56

60

62

78

53

89

83

79

91

71

78

Sickness and accident insurance-....-.—..
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting p eriod )..____ ______ . . . . . ___ ___
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period). ---------- ....____________ .

37

6
8

17

46

54

80

33

29

58

26

83

32

17

4

49

2
0

18

46

“

2
1

26

35

-

38

89
89

97
97
92
82
67

67
67
47
65

83
83
74
37
57

91
91
79
27
64

98
98
92
71
71

69
69
61

65
69

95
95
54
74
82

1

1

2

3

Workers in establishments providing:

Hospitalization insurance— -------------------Surgical insurance________________ ____________
Medical insurance — ______ ——- ____ ——
Catastrophe insurance---------------------------Retirement pension—______________ ________—
No health, insurance, or pension plan—
—

71

83

44

33

61
2

1 Includes those plans fo r which at lea st a part of the cost is borne by the e m p lo y er,
except those le g a lly requ ired , such as w ork m en 's com pensation, so c ia l secu rity,
and ra ilr o a d re tire m e n t.
2 In clu des data fo r w h o lesa le trade; finance, insurance, and re a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d ivision s shown sep ara tely.
3 T ra n sp o rta tio n ,
com m unication, and other public u tilities.
4
Includes data fo r w h o lesa le trade, re a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d ivision s shown sep ara tely.
5
U nduplicated total o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g sick lea ve or sickness and accident insurance shown s e p a ra te ly below . Sick lea ve plans a re lim ited to those which d e fin ite ly
esta b lish at le a s t the m inim u m number of days' pay that can be expected by each em p loyee.
In form al sick lea ve a llow an ces determ in ed on an individual basis a re excluded.




20




T ab le B-7.

Paid Sick Leave

(Percen t distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by form al sick leave
provisions, Denver, C o lo ., Decem ber 1963)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Sick lea ve p ro vis io n

A ll w o r k e r s . ---------------

--------

AH .
induatriM
1
---------------

W o rk ers in establish m ents p rovid ing
fo rm a l paid sick le a v e ------------------------------W o rk ers in establish m ents p rovid ing
no fo rm a l paid sick le a v e ---------------------------

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities 1
2

Retail trade

All ,
industries3

M
anufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Retail trade

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

76.2

72.0

82.6

52.4

42.5

38.5

49.1

57.6

23.8

28.0

17.4

47.6

57.5

61.5

50.9

42.4

1 9 .6

2 2 .8
2 2 .8

32.9
28.7
1.5

1 1 .2

19.6
4.5

16.4
9.8
5.6

4.0
4.0
3.2
.7
21.9
16.5
5.3

11.9
11.9
11.9
-

23.1
15.2
4.4
7.5
3.3
7.8
22.7
9.5
13.1

1 0 .2

1 1 .8

8 .8

1 .1

2 .8

1.1

.7

37.2
13.0
13.0
-

6.9
1.3
1.3
3.3

Type and am
ount of paid sick leave
provided annaally
U n iform plan : 4
No w aitin g p e r io d -----------------------------------F u ll pay* ...................................................
5 d a y s __________________________________
6 days ________ ________ ________ _______ _
7 days —
------ ---------------- ---8 days
—
— ------ — ------ -----1 0 days_________________________________
1 2 days—
----— -------- —
-------P a r t ia l pay o n ly ---------------------------------W aitin g p e r io d -------------. . — ..
---— ~
---F u ll pay---- ----------P a r tia l pay o n ly ---------------------------------Graduated p la n 4— A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e :
No w aitin g p e r io d -----------------------------------F u ll pay^ _
_____
_
_ _
5 days . __________r______ , ______________
— — — ------ —
1 0 days—
— ---F u ll pay plus p a rtia l pay 5 ------ ----------1 0 days_________________________________
15 days___ ___ ________ ________ __ ______
2 2 days_________ .______ r________. __..___
_
P a r tia l pay o n ly --------------------------------W aitin g p e r io d __
_
— — ------ — —
F u ll pay---------- --------------------------------P a r t ia l pay o n ly ---------------------------------Graduated p la n 4— A ft e r 10 ye a rs o f s e r v ic e :
No w aitin g p e r io d __________________ ___ ___
F u ll p a y * ..................... ................................
1 0 days—
------------------- — ---------2 0 days----- ------------- — ---------—
56 days- —
---------------------F u ll pay plus p a rtia l pay 5 ---------- — —
50 days—
—
— —
— — —
60 days— ---- ---- ------ — — -----6 5 days— — — —— — —— — —_________
6 6 days— —
— —— —________________
P a r t ia l pay o n ly ------------ __ ------ __ —
W aitin g p e r io d ----------------------------------------

33.7
32.9
4.5
4.2
5.0
3.4
9.8

1 .2

1 .0

4.4
9.1
.4
46.2
42.7
3.4

25.9
12.5

4.5

2 .2

.6

6.5
6.9
2.5
2.3

1.7
1.7

6 .1

.4
15.5
13.8

.2

6.5
1 .2
.6

.5
26.6
12.5
1 .1

3.8
2.3
13.3

6 .2

-

59.7
27.4
5.9
2 0 .6

-

32.3
-

6 .2

59.7
27.4
5.5

4.5
.4
1.7

.6

-

-

.2

6 .0

_
-

2.3
5.8
.7
.5

5.1
2.7
9.0

1 1 .0

1 2 .8

3.4
4.2
1 .0
1 .0

-

-

2 .1
1 .0

2 .0

7.2
8.3

8 .0

8 .8

3.2
.4

1.7

2 .2

3.8
2.5

16.9

11.3
3.3
-

7.2
1.7

13.2
4.1
2.4
5.2
.4
3.8
.9
3.9
.9

16.9

18.6

14.4

1 .1

1.1
8 .6

-

.1

.9

-

6 .6

2 0 .6

-

2 .1

2 .0

32.3
32.3
-

8.9
2.4
1.5
2.4
2.7

6 .6

2 .0

8 .0

1.4

-

-

24.1
-

3.3
2.4
4.9

37.2
13.0

8.5
1.3
1.3
4.9

13.0
24.1
24.1
“

1 .6

3.3

1 .6

3.3
2.4
-

Provisions for scenmnlatlon
W o rk ers in establish m ents having
p ro vis io n s fo r accum ulation o f
unused sick lea ve — --------------------------------

27.8

1 6 .2

35.4

24.9

26.9

Includes data fo r wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
"Uniform plans" are defined as those form al plans under which an employee, after 1 year of service, is entitled to the same number of days' paid sick leave each
year. "Graduated plans" are defined as those form al plans under which an em ployee's leave varies according to length of service. Periods of service w ere a rb itra rily chosen.
‘Estimates reflect provisions applicable at the stated length of service but do not reflect provisions for progression.
Thus, the proportion receiving 15 days' sick leave after
10 years of service may also receive this amount after greater or lesser lengths of service.
5 May include provisions other than those presented separately. Numbers of days shown under "Full pay plus partial pay" are days for which workers receive sick leave
at full pay; workers are entitled to additional days of sick leave at partial pay.
1
2
3
4

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bu­
reau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C lass A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (hilling machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B . Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller , machine (bookkeeping m achine).Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C lass A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’s business transactions. W involves posting and balancing
ork
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

21

22
C LERK, ACCOUNTING—
Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting, and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C lass B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C lass A, In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
C lass B, Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­

ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids. As requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.
C lass C, Performs routine filing of material that has already

been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers9orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

23
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C lass A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
C lass B . Under close supervision or following specific proce­

dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY — Continued

making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: W requires high degree of stenographic
ork
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

24
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
C lass C Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C lass A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C lass B, Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.
C lass A, Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
,
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
C lass BmPerforms one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

25
PR O FESSIO N AL AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN—
Continued

Leader. Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen
in preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Inter­
preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­
mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
assist subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.
Senior. Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections,
etc., to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such as those involved in strength of materials,
beams, and trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,
materials to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specifications. May
ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
complete drawings, or trace drawings. W is frequently in a spe­
ork
cialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

Junior (assistan t). Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
manufacturing purposes. Uses various types of drafting tools as
required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* in­
juries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­
fare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

M AIN T EN A N C E AND PO W E R PL A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. W involves most of the following:
ork
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




26
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. W
ork
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
outs, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. W involves: Operating and maintaining
ork
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establish­

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. W involves most of the following: Planning
ork
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

ments employing more than one engineer are excluded

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. W
ork
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

27
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. W involves most of the following: Planning and laying
ork
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. W involves most of the following: Examining automotive
ork
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
W involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ork
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the uke of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sendingof the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of. mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. W involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
ork
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. W involves most of the following:
ork
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

28
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued
and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general,
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or beating system s are excluded .

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued
types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
W involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
ork
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. W involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ork
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. W
ork
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

C U ST O D IA L AND M ATER IAL MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gate-




men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.

29
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. W
ork­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. W requires the
ork
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the follow ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers9 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform other related duties.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

30
TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded .

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of siz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.







Available On Request----

The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963. 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins
is available upon request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DfC 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Bulletin
number

Price

1345-81
1345-53
1345-63
1345-45
1345-71
1385-24
1345-67
1345-56
1345-74
1385-16

20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

Buffalo, N. Y.__
Burlington, V t 1
.
Canton, Ohio.
Charleston, W. Va.
Charlotte, N. C _ _
_
Chattanooga, Tenn.-Ga —
Chicago, 1111_____
Cincinnati, Ohio—
K
Cleveland, Ohio___

1385-33
1345-50
1345-64
1345-61
1345-58
1385-5
1345-65
1345-54
1385-11
1385-25

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents

Dallas, Tex.,
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—1_
11
Dayton, Ohio_
Denver, Colo1.
Des Moines, Iowa
Detroit, M ich1
.
Fort Worth, T e x __
Green Bay, W is_____
Greenville, S. C .
Houston, T e x ____

1385-15
1385-12
1345-35
1385-34
1345-42
1345-47
1385-19
1385-4
1345-68
1345-82

25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

Indianapolis, Ind1
.
Jackson, M iss_
Jacksonville, Fla.
Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans 1.
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.— H.
N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark...
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif1
__
Louisville, Ky. — L.,
Ind
Lubbock, Tex.
Manchester, N. H _____ __...
Memphis, Tenn .

1385-30
1345-43
1385-32
1385-26
1345-77
1385-3
1345-62
1345-48
1345-72
1385-1
1345-36

25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

Area
Albany-Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y —
.
Albuquerque, N. Mex ..,
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.— J......
N.
Atlanta, Ga______
Baltimore, Md_,
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T e x _____
Birmingham, Ala.
Boston, Mass 1
__

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Bulletin
number

Price

Miami, F la1...
Milwaukee, Wis 1
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn1
.
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich.
Newark and Jersey City, N. J...
New Haven, Conn.
New Orleans, La 1.
New York, N. Y 1____
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va 1
_____
Oklahoma City, Okla.

1385-29
1345-59
1345-38
1345-69
1345-46
1345-37
1345-44
1345-79

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
40 cents

1345-75
1385-2

25 cents
20 cents

Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa1.
Pater son—
Clifton—
Passaic, N. J________
Philadelphia, Pa.— J 1
N. ______
Phoenix, A r i z _______
Pittsburgh, P a 1—
.
Portland, Maine1__________ __
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash.
Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I.—
Mass 1.
Raleigh, N. C 1_____________________
Richmond, Va1— __________________
Rockford, 1 1
1 ___________
St. Louis, Mo.—
Ill______
Salt Lake City, Utah.
San Antonio, Tex 1________________________
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif L
San Diego, Calif--------------------------------San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif1_______ ____
Savannah, Ga^____________________________
Seattle, Wash1
_______ ____________________

1385-14
1345-76
1385-31
1345-57
1345-40
1385-22
1345-73
1345-70
1385-7
1385-23
1345-55
1385-21
1385-28
1345-78
1385-9
1385-13
1345-34
1345-60
1385-8
1385-10

25 cents
20 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents

Sioux Falls, S. Dak1______________________
South Bend, Ind__________________________
Spokane, Wash1.
Toledo, Ohio1
____________________________
Trenton, N. J_____________________________
Washington, D. C. —
Md. — a_____________ __
V
Waterbury, Conn_________________________
Waterloo, Iowa_____________________ __ _
_
Wichita, Kans____________________________
Worcester, Mass_________________________
York, Pa.

1385-20
1345-52
1345-66
1345-51
1385-27
1385-17
1345-49
1385-18
1385-6
1345-80
1345-41

25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents

Area


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102