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Occupational Wage Survey

PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA-NEW JERSEY
NOVEMBER 1962

1345-31




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA-NEW JERSEY




NOVEMBER 1962

Bulletin No. 1345-31
April 1963

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
B U R EA U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
Ew an C la g u e , C om m issioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 30 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The L a b o r M a r k e t O cc u p a tio n a l W age S u rv ey P r o g r a m
E ig h ty -tw o la b o r m a rk e ts c u r r e n tly a re in clu d e d
in the B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s p r o g r a m o f annual o c ­
c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m a jo r la b o r m a r k e ts .
T h e se
stu d ie s p r o v id e data on o c c u p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and re la te d
s u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e fit s .
In fo rm a tio n on re la te d s u p p le ­
m e n ta r y b e n e fits is ob ta in ed b ie n n ia lly in m o s t o f the
la b o r m a r k e t s .

I n t r o d u c t io n ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W age tr e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s ----------------------------------------T a b le s :
1.
2.

3.
A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t w h ich p r e s e n ts ea rn in g s
tr e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g ro u p s and a v e r a g e e a r n ­
in gs in s e le c t e d jo b s is r e le a s e d w ithin a m onth a fte r the
c o m p le t io n o f the study in ea ch a r e a . T h is b u lletin p r o ­
v id e s a d d itio n a l data n ot in clu d e d in the p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t .

A:

A t w o -p a r t s u m m a r y b u lletin is is s u e d a fte r the
c o m p le t io n o f a ll o f the a r e a b u lletin s fo r a round o f s u r ­
v e y s (fo r the c u r r e n t rou n d o f s u r v e y s , the f ir s t p a rt o f
th is b u lle tin w ill be a v a ila b le la te in 1963 and the s e c o n d
p a rt e a r ly in 1964).
T h e f i r s t p a rt p r e s e n ts in d iv id u a l
la b o r m a r k e t da ta. T h e s e c o n d p a rt p r e s e n ts data re la tin g
to a ll m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s in the U nited S tates.

B:

T h is b u lle tin w as p r e p a r e d in the B u rea u ’ s r e ­
g io n a l o f f i c e in N ew Y o r k , N .Y ., by R o b e r t Findlay, u n der
the d ir e c t io n o f H a r o ld A . B a rle tta . The study w as u n der
the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f F r e d e r i c k W. M u e lle r , A s s is ta n t
R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r f o r W a g es and In d u stria l R e la tio n s .




1
4

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y ------------------P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e in sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and
s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d
o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s, fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s ---------------------------------In d exes o f stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -tim e
h o u r ly ea rn in g s, fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p s -------------------

5
5

O cc u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e o c cu p a tio n s — m en and w om en ----------------------------------A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s — m en
and w om en ------------------------------------------------------------------------------A - 3. O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and t e c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s —
m en and w om en c o m b in e d ---------------------------------------------------A - 4 . M a in ten a n ce and p o w e rp la n t o c cu p a tio n s --------------------------A - 5 . C u sto d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c cu p a tio n s ------------------

13
15
17

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v i s io n s :*
B - l . M in im u m e n tr a n ce s a la r ie s f o r w om en o f f ic e w o r k e r s —
B -2 . Sh ift d iffe r e n t ia ls -------------------------------------------------------------------B -3 . S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------B -4 . P a id h o lid a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------------B -5 . P a id v a c a tio n s -------------------------------------------------------------------------B -6 . H ealth, in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n pla n s --------------------------------

20
21
22
23
24
26

A p p en d ix:

O cc u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s ---------------------------------------------------------

* N O TE :
S im ila r ta bu la tion s a r e a v a ila b le
o th e r m a jo r a r e a s .
(See in s id e b a ck c o v e r . )

fo r

C u rre n t r e p o r t s on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and su p ­
p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r a c t ic e s in the P h ila d e lp h ia a r e a a r e a ls o
a v a ila b le f o r m a c h in e r y in d u s tr ie s (M ay 1962), w o m e n 's
and m i s s e s ' c o a ts and su its (A u gu st 1962), and w o o l te x tile s
(June 1962).
Union s c a le s , in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay
le v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le f o r the fo llo w in g tr a d e s o r in d u s tr ie s :
B u ild in g c o n s tr u c tio n , p rin tin g , lo c a l- t r a n s it o p e ra tin g e m ­
p lo y e e s , and m o t o r t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

iii

3

6
12

27

A Statement Regarding Change in Geographic Coverage

F iv e O u ter C ou n ties as c o n t r a s te d w ith n e a r ly a h a lf in the
T h re e Inner C ou n ties. A bout h a lf o f the n on m a n u fa ctu rin g w o r k ­
e r s in the F iv e O uter C ou n ties a r e e m p lo y e d b y fir m s w h ich
c a r r y on th eir a c tiv it ie s in both the In ner and O u ter C ou n ties.

The g e o g r a p h ic c o v e r a g e o f the P h ila d e lp h ia O c c u p a ­
tio n a l W age S u rv ey h as b e e n exp an d ed this y e a r b y the B u rea u
to in clu d e the e n tir e Stan dard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a .
The a r e a c o n s is t s o f fiv e P e n n s y lv a n ia C ou n ties (B u ck s , C h e s ­
te r , D e la w a r e , M o n tg o m e ry , and P h ila d e lp h ia ), and th re e New
J e r s e y C ou n ties (B u rlin g to n , C a m d en , and G lo u c e s t e r ). In p r io r
y e a r s , the s u r v e y w as r e s t r ic t e d to C a m d en , D e la w a r e , and
P h ila d e lp h ia C ou n ties.

In r e c o g n itio n o f the a b o v e f a c t o r s , th is r e p o r t p r e ­
sen ts o c cu p a tio n a l w age data in m a n u fa c tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa c ­
tu ring f o r a ll eight cou n ties c o m b in e d .
W h e r e v e r the data
p e r m it , the o c cu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s ta b le s fu r t h e r b r e a k the
m a n u fa ctu rin g in fo rm a tio n into tw o s e g m e n ts :
(1) T h r e e Inner
C ou n ties, and (2) F iv e O uter C o u n tie s .
The T h r e e Inner C ou n ­
tie s a r e id e n tica l to th ose fo r w h ich a ll data w e r e p u b lis h e d
in p r e v io u s y e a r s .

L im its o f Stan dard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a s
(SM SA) a r e e s ta b lis h e d b y the B u re a u o f the B u d g et to en able
a ll F e d e r a l s t a t is t ic a l a g e n c ie s to u se the sa m e b o u n d a r ie s in
p u b lish in g data.
The ex p a n sion o f the c o v e r a g e o f the P h ila ­
d elp h ia s u r v e y to the SM SA e lim in a te s an e x c e p tio n to this
o b je c t iv e .

The B - s e r i e s ta b le s p r e s e n t in fo r m a t io n on e s t a b lis h ­
m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v i s io n s f o r the
SM SA; the e ffe c t o f the a d d ition a l fiv e c o u n tie s on the data w a s
in s u ffic ie n t to w a r ra n t s e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s.

The n ew ly added c o u n tie s in the P h ila d e lp h ia a r e a ,
h e r e in a ft e r d e s c r ib e d as the F iv e O u ter C o u n tie s , h av e a d if ­
fe r e n t m ix tu r e o f b u s in e s s a c tiv ity fr o m the p r e v io u s ly s u r ­
v e y e d T h re e Inner C ou n ties.
M a n u fa ctu rin g e m p lo y m e n t is
r e la t iv e ly m o r e im p o rta n t in the F iv e O u ter C ou n ties.
The
a d d ition a l co u n tie s a r e d is tin g u is h e d b y a h ea v y c o n c e n tr a tio n
o f p r im a r y m e ta ls and r u b b e r in d u s tr ie s .
Th ey a ls o h ave a
h ig h e r p e r c e n ta g e o f c o n c e n tr a tio n in e l e c t r i c a l m a c h in e r y and
p e t r o le u m r e fin in g than do the T h re e In ner C ou n ties.

The s a la r y and e a rn in g s in d e x e s sh ow n in ta b le s 2 and
3 o f the in trod u ction a r e b a s e d on data f o r the T h r e e Inner
C ou n ties on ly. N ext y e a r , the in d e x e s w ill r e f l e c t w a g e ch a n g es
fo r the fu ll e ig h t-co u n ty SM SA.
T h e s e ch a n g e s w ill then b e
lin k ed to the c u r r e n t in d ex es to a s s u r e con tin u ity .
F u rth er in fo rm a tio n r e g a r d in g the ch a n g e in g e o g r a p h ic
c o v e r a g e m a y b e obtain ed fr o m the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e in
New Y o r k , N. Y.

N on m a n u factu rin g in d u s tr ie s w ith in s c o p e o f the s u r v e y
(ta b le 1) a c c o u n t f o r on ly about a fifth o f the e m p lo y m e n t in the




IV

Occupational Wage Survey—Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J.
Introduction

O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a re shown fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e ., th ose h ire d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch edu le
in the g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ifi c a t io n .
E a rn in g s data ex clu d e p r e ­
m iu m pa y fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
late s h ifts .
N on p rod u ction b o n u se s a r e e x clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - li v i n g
b o n u s e s and in ce n tiv e e a rn in g s a re in clu d e d .
W h ere w e e k ly h ou rs
a re r e p o r t e d , as fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e fe r e n c e is to
the w o r k sc h e d u le s (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w h ich
s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a re paid; a v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s fo r th ese
o c c u p a tio n s have b een rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h alf d o lla r .

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 82 la b o r m a rk e ts in w h ich the U. S. D e ­
p a rtm e n t o f L a b or*s B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics con d u cts su r v e y s
o f o c c u p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and r e la te d w age b en efits on an a re a w id e
b a s is .
In this a r e a , data w e re obtain ed by p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u ­
reau fie ld e c o n o m is t s 1 to r e p re s e n ta tiv e esta b lis h m e n ts w ithin s ix
b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa ctu rin g; tran sp ortation ,, c o m m u n ic a ­
tio n , and oth er p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n ce ,
in s u r a n c e , and r e a l -esta te; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u stry g ro u p s
e x clu d e d fr o m th e se stu d ies a re g ov e rn m e n t o p e r a tio n s and the c o n ­
s tru c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts having fe w e r
than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a re o m itted b e c a u s e they
tend to fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t em p loy m en t in the o c cu p a tio n s stud ied to
w a r ra n t in c lu s io n .
S ep a ra te ta bu la tion s a re p r o v id e d fo r e a c h o f the
b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r i a .

D iffe r e n c e s in pay le v e ls fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s in w h ich
both m en and w om en a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d a re la r g e ly due to
(1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong in d u str ie s and
e s ta b lis h m e n ts ; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific d u ties p e r fo r m e d , although
the o c cu p a tio n s a re a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s if i e d w ith in the sam e su rv ey
jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3). d iffe r e n c e s in length o f s e r v ic e o r m e r it
r e v ie w w hen in d iv id u a l s a la r ie s a r e a d ju sted on th is b a s is .
L on g er
a v e r a g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ou ld r e s u lt in h igh er a v e r a g e pay when both
s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w ith in the sa m e ra te ra n g e .
Job d e s c r ip tio n s
u se d in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese su r v e y s a re u su a lly m o r e
g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u se d in in d iv id u a l e sta b lis h m e n ts to allow fo r
m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific du ties p e r fo r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m ple b a s is b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rvey in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
To
ob ta in op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f
la r g e than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied.
In co m b in in g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iven th eir a p p ro p r ia te w eigh t.
E s tim a t e s b a s e d on the e sta b lis h m e n ts studied a re p r e s e n te d , t h e r e ­
f o r e , as r e la tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and
a r e a , e x c e p t fo r th o se b e lo w the m in im u m size stu d ied.

O cc u p a tio n s and E a rn in g s
O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in all
e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the n um ber a c tu ­
a lly su r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l stru ctu re am ong
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s t im a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l em p lo y m e n t obtain ed
fr o m the sa m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the
r e la t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s stu d ied .
T h ese d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tio n a l s tru c tu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
ing s data.

The o c c u p a t io n s s e le c t e d fo r study are c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a re o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(a) O ffic e c le r i c a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(c) m a in ten a n ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O cc u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n is b a se d on a u n ifo r m set o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take a ccou n t o f in ter e sta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u ties w ith in the s a m e jo b .
The occu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in the appendix.
E a rn in g s data fo r som e
o f the o c c u p a t io n s lis te d and d e s c r ib e d a re not p r e s e n te d in the
A - s e r i e s ta b le s b e c a u s e e ith e r (1) em p loym en t in the o c cu p a tio n is
to o s m a ll to p r o v id e en ough data to m e r it p r e se n ta tio n , o r (2) th ere
is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u al e sta b lis h m e n t data.

E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en ta ry W age P r o v is io n s

In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e le c te d
e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fits as they r e la te to
o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s .
The c o n c e p t “ o ffic e w o rk e rs,* * as u sed
in
1
D ata w e r e ob ta in ed by m a il fr o m som e o f the s m a lle r e s ­ th is b u lle tin , in c lu d e s w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
ta b lish m e n ts fo r w h ich v is it s by B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is t s in the la st
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la te d fu n c tio n s , and e x clu d e s a d m in ­
p r e v io u s s u r v e y in d ic a te d em p loy m en t in r e la t iv e ly few o f the o c c u ­
is t r a t iv e , e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l.
“ P la n t w orkers** in ­
clu d e w o rk in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu din g
p a tion s stu d ied .
U n usu al ch a n g es r e p o r t e d by m a il w e r e v e r ifie d
lea d m en and tr a in e e s ) en ga ged in n o n o ffic e fu n ctio n s.
A d m in is tra tiv e ,
w ith e m p lo y e r s .




1

2
e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n
e m p lo y e e s w ho a r e u tiliz e d as a s e p a r a te w o r k f o r c e a re ex clu d ed .
C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a re e x clu d e d in m a n u factu rin g in d u s­
t r ie s , but a re in clu d ed as plant w o r k e r s in n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
M in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r ie s (table B - l ) r e la te on ly to the
esta b lis h m e n ts v is it e d . T h ey a r e p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f e sta b lis h m e n ts
w ith fo r m a l m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r y p o li c ie s .
Shift d iffe r e n t ia l data (ta ble B -2 ) a r e lim ite d to m a n u fa ctu rin g
in d u s tr ie s .
T h is in fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in t e r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lish m en t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f to ta l plant w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m en t, and (b) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f w o r k e r s
a ctu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the su r v e y .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount applying to
a m a jo r it y w as u sed o r , i f no am ount a p p lied to a m a jo r it y , the
c la s s ific a t io n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d .
In e sta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich som e
la t e -s h ift h ou rs a r e paid at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w as r e c o r d e d
only if it ap p lied to a m a jo r ity o f the sh ift h o u r s .
The sch ed u led h ou rs (ta ble B -3 ) o f a m a jo r it y o f the f ir s t - s h if t
w o r k e r s in an e sta b lis h m e n t a r e ta bu la ted as applying to a ll o f the
plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that e sta b lis h m e n t.
P a id h o lid a y s ; paid
v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n pla n s (ta b le s B - 4 th rough
B -6 ) a r e tre a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is that th e se a r e a p p lic a b le
to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e e l i ­
g ib le o r m a y ev en tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t ic e s lis te d .
Sum s o f
in d iv id u al ite m s in ta b le s B -2 th rou g h B -6 m a y not equ al to ta ls b e ­
ca u se o f rou n din g.
D ata on p a id h o lid a y s (ta ble B -4 ) a r e lim ite d to data on
h olid a y s gra n ted annually on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i. e. , ( l ) a r e p r o v id e d
fo r in w ritte n fo r m , o r (2) have b e e n e s ta b lis h e d by c u s to m .
H olid a y s
o r d in a r ily gra n ted a r e in clu d e d even though th ey m a y fa ll on a
n on w orkd a y , ev en if the w o r k e r is not g ra n ted a n oth er day o ff.
The
fir s t p a rt o f the pa id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n ts the n u m b er o f w h ole
and h a lf h olid a y s a ctu a lly g ra n ted .
The se co n d p a rt c o m b in e s w h ole
and h a lf h olid a y s to show tota l h olid a y t im e .
The su m m a ry o f v a c a tio n pla n s (ta ble B -5 ) is lim ite d to
fo r m a l p o li c ie s , ex clu d in g in fo r m a l a r r a n g e m e n ts w h e r e b y tim e o ff
w ith pay is g ra n ted at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S ep a ra te
e s tim a te s a re p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in com p u tin g
v a ca tio n p a y m e n ts , su ch as tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s ,

o r fla t -s u m am ou n ts.
H o w e v e r , in the ta b u la tion s o f v a c a tio n p a y ,
p a y m en ts not on a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a tim e b a s i s ; fo r
e x a m p le , a paym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d
as the equ ivalen t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y.

Data a re p r e s e n te d fo r a ll h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n
pla n s (ta ble B -6 ) fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o r n e by
the e m p lo y e r , ex cep tin g on ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n t s su ch as w o r k m e n 's
c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
Such pla n s
in clu d e th ose u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e co m p a n y and
th o se p r o v id e d through a union fund o r pa id d ir e c t ly by the e m p lo y e r
out o f c u r re n t op era tin g funds o r fr o m a fund se t a s id e fo r th is
p u rp ose.
Death b e n e fits a re in clu d e d as a fo r m o f life in s u r a n c e .

S ick n e ss and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is lim ite d to that type o f
in s u r a n ce under w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in su r e d on a w e e k ly o r m on th ly b a s is d u rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d fo r a ll su ch p la n s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r co n trib u te s . H o w e v e r , in New Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w h ich
have en acted te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,3 plans a r e in clu d e d on ly i f the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
tr ib u te s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the law .
T a b u la tion s
o f paid s ic k -le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to f o r m a l p la n s 4 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's pay d u rin g a b s e n c e fr o m
w o r k b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
S ep a ra te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n te d a c c o r d in g
to ( l ) p la n s w hich p r o v id e fu ll pay and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2) pla n s
w h ich p r o v id e e ith er p a r tia l pay o r a w a itin g p e r io d .
In a d d ition to
the p r e se n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v id e d s i c k ­
n e s s and a c c id e n t in su r a n ce o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p lica ted to ta l
is show n o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e iv e e ith e r o r b oth ty p e s o f b e n e fit s .
C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to as ex ten d ed
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in clu d e s th o se p la n s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b ey on d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in su r a n ce r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g fo r c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l
pa ym en t o f d o c t o r s ' fe e s .
Such p la n s m a y be u n d e r w ritte n by c o m ­
m e r c ia l in su ra n ce c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y
b e s e lf-in s u r e d .
T a b u la tion s o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim ite d
to th o se plans that p r o v id e m on th ly p a y m e n ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f
the w o r k e r 's life .

3 The te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a lifo r n ia and R h od e Isla n d
An e sta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d as having a p o lic y if it m edo not r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s .
t
eith er o f the fo llo w in g co n d itio n s :
( l ) O p era ted la te sh ifts at the
4 An esta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as h aving a f o r m a l plan i f
tim e o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) had fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g late sh ifts.
it e s ta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s o f s ic k le a v e that
An e sta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d as having fo r m a l p r o v is io n s if it
co u ld be ex p e cte d b y ea ch e m p lo y e e .
S uch a plan n eed n ot be w r it te n ,
( l ) had o p e r a te d la te sh ifts du rin g the 12 m on th s p r io r to the s u r v e y ,
but in fo r m a l s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e t e r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s i s ,
o r (2) had p r o v is io n s in w ritte n fo r m fo r o p e ra tin g la te sh ifts.
w e r e e x clu d ed .
2




3

T a b le 1.

by m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n , 2 N o v e m b e r 1962

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o rk e rs within s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m ber studied in P h ilad elp h ia!

In du stry d iv is io n

M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
o f study

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin
scope of
study 1
3
2

1. 826

390

6 8 7 .7 0 0

-

893
623
270
933

184
130
54
206

100
50
100
50
50

84
285
122
206
236

35
41
37
47
46

Studied

Studied

A ll d i v i s i o n s ----------------------------------------- ------------------------------------

M an u factu rin g -------------------------------------------------------------------------T h re e Inner C ou n ties 1 ------------------------------------------------------F iv e O u ter C ou n ties 1--------------------------------------------------- -----N on m an u factu rin g ------------------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er
p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5 6
----------------------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le tr a d e ______ ___ ____________ __ __ _____ __ _______
R e ta il tr a d e _________ _____________________ ___ ___ _________
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te -----------------------------S e r v ic e s 7 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

N um ber o f e sta b lish m e n ts

100
100
100

T o ta l 4

O ffic e

Plant

T o t a l4

130. 500

4 2 1 .7 0 0

412. 780

410, 400
296, 600
113, 800
2 7 7 ,3 0 0

5 1 ,9 0 0
4 0 ,5 0 0
11, 400
78, 600

282, 400
200, 400
8 2 ,0 0 0
1 3 9 ,3 0 0

234, 290
176, 620
57 ,6 7 0
178 ,490

7 7 ,2 0 0
3 7 ,7 0 0
8 0 ,0 0 0
5 1 ,7 0 0
3 0 ,7 0 0

18, 600
11, 900
10 ,9 00
32, 400
4, 800

4 1 ,8 0 0
15, 000
6 0 ,9 0 0
6 2, 600
19 ,0 00

67 ,5 5 0
7, 620
62, 340
31,410
9, 570

1 The P h ila d e lp h ia S tand ard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f T h re e Inner C ou n ties o f D e la w a re and P h ila d e lp h ia C ou n ties, P a . , and C am d en County, N. J. ; and F iv e O uter Counties
o f B u ck s, C h e s te r , and M o n tg o m e r y C ou n ties, P a ., and B u rlington and G lo u c e s t e r C ou n ties, N. J.
S ee co m m e n ts on p. iv.
2 The 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as u se d in c la s s ify in g e sta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p loym en t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in such in d u s tr ie s as tr a d e , fin a n ce , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and o th e r w o r k e r s exclu d ed fr o m the se p a ra te o f fi c e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w ater tra n sp o rta tio n w e r e e x clu d e d .
6 E s tim a te r e la te s to r e a l e s ta te e sta b lish m e n ts on ly.
W o rk e rs fr o m the e n tire in d u stry d iv is io n a r e r e p r e s e n te d in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , but f r o m the r e a l esta te p o r tio n only in " a ll
in d u s tr y " e s t im a t e s in the S e r ie s B ta b le s .
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u tom obile r e p a ir s h o p s ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in eerin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 a r e p e r c e n ta g e s o f change in a v e r a g e
s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , and in a v ­
e ra g e ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g ro u p s .

F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
cen ta g es o f change r e la te to a v e r a g e w eek ly s a la r ie s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s
o f w o rk , that i s , the stan d ard w o r k sch e d u le fo r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e
s a la r ie s a re p a id . F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n g es
in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly e a r n in g s, e x clu d in g p r e m iu m pa y f o r
o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts . The
p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e le c t e d k ey o c cu p a tio n s and in ­
clude m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t jo b s w ithin ea ch g rou p . The
o ffic e c l e r i c a l data a re b a s e d on m en and w om en in the fo llo w in g 19 jo b s :
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B; c l e r k s , a cco u n tin g , c la s s A
and B; c le r k s , f ile , c la s s A , B , and C; c l e r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y ­
r o ll; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; k eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B;
o ffic e b o y s and g ir ls ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s t e n o g r a ­
p h e r s , s e n io r ; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ; *ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B. T h e in d u str ia l n u rse data a re
b a se d on m e n and w om en in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s .
M en in the fo llo w in g
8 s k ille d m a in ten a n ce jo b s and 2 u n sk illed jo b s a r e in clu d ed in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e ­
c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u tom otiv e; p a in te rs ; p ip e fitte r s ; and t o o l and
die m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te r ia l h an dlin g.

A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s w e r e
com p u ted fo r e a ch o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s .
The average s a l­




a r ie s o r h ou rly ea rn in g s w e re then m u ltip lie d b y e m p lo y m e n t in ea ch
o f the jo b s during the p e r io d s u r v e y e d in 1961.
T h e s e w eig h ted e a r n ­
in gs f o r in dividu al occu p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d to ob ta in an a g g r e g a te
f o r e a ch o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p . F in a lly , the r a tio (e x p r e s s e d as a p e r ­
cen ta g e) o f the grou p a g g re g a te f o r the on e y e a r to the a g g r e g a te fo r
the o th e r y e a r was com p u ted and the d iffe r e n c e b etw een the r e s u lt and
100 is the p e r ce n ta g e o f change fr o m the one p e r io d to the o th e r .
T he p e r ce n ta g e s o f change m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s
o f (1) g e n e ra l s a la r y and w age c h a n g e s ; (2) m e r it o r o th e r in c r e a s e s
in pa y r e c e iv e d by in d iv id u al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and
(3) ch a n g es in a v e ra g e w ag es due to ch a n g e s in the la b o r f o r c e
r e s u ltin g fr o m la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s ,
and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
C h an g es in the la b o r f o r c e ca n ca u s e
in c r e a s e s or d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s w ith ou t a ctu a l
w age ch a n g e s.
F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n sio n m ig h t in c r e a s e the
p r o p o r t io n of lo w e r paid w o r k e r s in a s p e c if i c o c c u p a tio n and lo w e r
the a v e r a g e , w h erea s a r e d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r paid
w o r k e r s w ould have the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . S im ila r ly , the m o v e m e n t o f
a h ig h -p a y in g esta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u ld c a u s e the a v e r a g e
ea rn in g s to d r o p , ev en though no ch a n g e in r a te s o c c u r r e d in oth er
e sta b lis h m e n ts in the a re a .
The u se o f con stan t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s the e f ­
fe c t o f changes in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h
jo b in clu d e d in the data.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n ge a r e not in flu ­
e n ce d b y changes in stan dard w o r k s c h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m pay
fo r o v e r t im e , s in c e th ey a re b a s e d on pa y f o r s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r s .

The a b ove tex t r e p r e s e n t s the m eth od u s e d in com p u tin g a new tre n d
s e r ie s (ta b le 2).
T h is s e r ie s , in itia te d w ith the ex p a n sion o f the la b o r m a rk e t
w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m to 80 S tandard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tistic a l A r e a s , w ill r e p la c e
the o ld s e r ie s (1953 b a se ) show n in ta ble 3. C hanges in the jo b s s u r v e y e d and
jo b d e s c r ip tio n s s in c e the sta r t o f the o ld s e r ie s c a lle d fo r a r e e x a m in a tio n o f
the jo b s and jo b g rou p in g s fo r w hich tre n d s w e r e to be com pu ted.
T h e new s e r ie s c o v e r s the sa m e jo b g rou pin gs as the e a r lie r s e r ie s
w ith the fo llo w in g e x ce p tio n s : T h e c l e r i c a l and in d u stria l n u rse g ro u p s , fo r m e r l y
r e s t r ic t e d to w o m e n , now in clu d e both m e n and w o m e n . C hanges w e r e a ls o m a d e
in the jo b s in clu d ed w ith in jo b g rou p in g s in o r d e r that an id e n tica l lis t c o u ld
be e m p lo y e d in a ll a r e a s .




T able 2.

P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly earnings fo r s e le c t e d occu p a tion a l
groups in P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N. J. , fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
N o ve m b e r i96 0
to
N ov e m b e r 1961

N o ve m b e r 1961
to
N o v e m b e r 1962

Industry and occu p a tio n a l group

N ov em b er 1959
to
N ov em b er I960

A ll in d u s trie s :
O ffice c le r i c a l (m en and w om en )
__
Industrial n u rse s (m en and w om en )
S killed m aintenance ( m e n )------ __ _
U n skilled plant (m en) — ____ __

__
__
__
__

_
_
_
__

__ _____ _____
_______
__ _____ _ _

2.
3.
2.
2.

8
1
8
8

3. 1
3. 2
3 .5
3. 0

3 .5
2. 8
2. 2
2. 3

M anuf ac tur in g :
O ffice c le r i c a l (m en and w om en )
__
Industrial n u rse s (m en and w om en ) _
Skilled m aintenance ( m e n )_______ __
U nskilled plant (men) _
_______ __

__
__
__
__

__
__
__
__

_
__
__
__

2.
3.
3.
2.

1
1
1
2

3. 2
3. 2
3 .4
3. 5

3. 6
2. 8
1 .9
1 .8

_____
'__ __ _
_____ _
_____ _

T able 3. Indexes o f standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in gs fo r s e le c t e d
o ccu p ation al groups in P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .— J. , N o ve m b e r 1962 and N ov e m b e r 1961
N.
(O cto b e r 1952 = 100)
Industry and o ccu p a tio n a l grou p

N ovem ber 1962

N o ve m b e r 1961

A ll in d u strie s:
O ffice c le r i c a l (w om en)
______________________ _______
Industrial n urses (w o m e n )______________ ________ _____
S killed m aintenance ( m e n ) ______________ __ ______ ______
U nskilled plant (m en) _____________________________________

151.7
156. 4
152.7
1 51 .9

147. 2
151. 7
148.6
147.6

M anufacturing:
O ffice c le r i c a l (w om en)
Industrial n urses (w o m e n )_________________ ______ ■_ __
_
Skilled m aintenance ( m e n ) ________________________________
U nskilled plant (m en) ____________ __ ________________

150.
155.
150.
149.

146.6
150. 3
146. 5
146. 3

8
8
9
3

A: Occupatipnal Earnings

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A verag e s tr a ig h t-tim e w eekly h o u rs and earn in g s fo r se le cted occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry d iv isio n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a. —N. J . , Novem ber 1962)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLV EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
Weekly
°k
(Standard)

t
$
S
S
t
S
S
s
t
S
S
$
»
$
f
s
S
l
S
$
Weekly
U n d e r 4 5 . 0 0 5 0 . 0 0 5 5 . 0 0 6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 LOO.0 0 L 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 L 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 L 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 . 0 0 L 4 0 .0 0 L 4 5 .0 0 L 5 0 .0 0 L 5 5 .0 0 1 6 0 . 0 0
earning! I
and
and
(Standard)
unde i
4 5. 00
5 0 . 0 0 5 5 . 0 0 6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 L 0 5 .0 0 L 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 L 2 0 .0 0 L 2 5 .0 0 L 3 0 .0 0 L 3 5 .0 0 L 4 0 .0 0 L 4 5 .0 0 L 5 0 .0 0 L 5 5 .0 0 L 6 0 .0 0 o v e r

Men
Clerks, accounting, cla s s A -----------------M an u factu rin g------------------------------------Three Inner Counties ------------------Five Outer Counties ---------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------- ----------------Pu blic u tilitie s 2------------------------------W holesale trade ---------------------------Finance 3 -----------------------------------------

776
364

Clerks, accounting, c la s s B ----------------M anufacturing - ----------------------------------Th ree Inner Counties ------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------Pu blic utilities 2 ---------------------------W holesale trade ---------------------------Finance 3 ---------------------------------------

620
341

231
133
412
32
189
139

166

38. 0
39. 5
39. 0
40. 0
36. 5
39. 0
37. 0
35. 0
38. 5
3$. 5
38. 5
37. 5

$ 1 0 0 . 00
1 05. 00
9 8 . 00
116. 50
9 6 . 00
12 2 . 50
9 9 . 50
8 7 . 00

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
_

9
-

-

2

47
10
8
2
37
_

-

2

-

11

1

39

15

48

-

63
16

33
7

-

56
24
24

19
10

76. 00
82 . 00

_

56
24

10

16

6

_
-

_
_

14
-

"

-

-

_

-

39. 5

64. 00

C lerks, o rd er -----------------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------T hree Inner Counties ------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------W holesale t r a d e -----------------------------

322
134

38. 5
30. 5

103. 50
101. 50

91
188
171

39. 5
38. 0
38. 5

94. 50

_

_

105. 00
105. 50

_

_

C lerks, p a y r o l l --------------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------T h ree Inner Counties -----------------Five Outer Counties ---------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------

251

39. 0
39. 5

9 7 . 50
io 2 . 00

_

72

39. 0
40. 0

9 2 . 50

63

38. 5

1 1 8 . 00
8 4 . 50

66

38. 5

68. 50

O ffice boys -------------------------M anufacturing -------------Three Inner Counties
N onm anufacturing--------W holesale trade ------Finance 3 ------------------S erv ices -------------------

855

38. 0

330
281
525

39. 5
39. 0
37. 5

61.
62.
61.
60.

129
184
75

37. 0
37. 0
38. 0

6 1 . 00
53. 00

S ecreta ries ------------------------

78

39. 0

118. 50

39.
39.
39.
40.

0
5
5
0

106. 50
1 0 8 . 50
108. 00

149
35

38. 0
40. 0

10 2 . 50

62

37. 0

9 0 . 50




4
-

-

19
1
41

14
-

78

See footnotes at end of table.

11
_

-

61
20

-

Clerks, file, c la s s B -----------------------------

53

19
_

19

_

38. 5

266
213

23

5
_

“

69

415

16
5

6
_

-

105. 50
8 1 . 00
75. 50

Tabulating-m achine op era to rs,
cla ss A -------------------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------T h ree Inner Counties ------------------F ive Outer Counties ---------------------N onm anufacturing------------------------------Pu blic u tilities 2 ---------------------------F in a n ce 3 ---------------------------------------

6
6

-

8 8. 00
92TSU

39. 5
36. 5

D uplicating-m achine op erators
(M im eograph or Ditto) ----------

9

15

279
41
142

116

1
-

-

00
50
00
50

52. 50

n o . oo

3 fl
30
18
-

23
32
-

6

12
4

23

32

47
_

_
“

25
6
6

_

19

16

19
2
6
11

33

27
l5

7

37

192

10

7

17

157

15

1
_
-

17

4
_

20

2
35

8
12

6
18

29
21

35

7

-

8
6

20
8

-

6

7

32
31

8
3

5
4

8

_

7

"

23
7
6

9
8

_

_

23
7

21
"2 1

14
9

3
1

4
-

7

20

9

1

_

1

_

-

"

"

16

“

5

2

7

5

15

5

106
34

168

197
56
54
141

no
48

65

58
58
110
9
62

61
45

16

20

1
23

.

20
20

15
12

3
2

6
2

3
1

1
_

3
_

3

3
9
3
_

2
_

1
1

1
_

_
_

_
_

1
_

4
_
4

2
2
_

1
1
_

3
3
_

11

19
18

8

_

14
_

3
2

25
14
4
11

2
22

11
11
_

17
_
_
_

8

15

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

8

2

1

2

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

1
-

-

-

-

_

_

6

1
-

-

-

_
-

-

_

1

2

24

26
7

17
11

8
8

7
3
-

4
4

2
2
-

1
1
-

3
-

6

74
17

_

1
-

.
-

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
4

_
-

_
-

19

1
6

13
57

5

21
18

-

4

19

6

57

-

3

21

22

T ff

22

2
2

6
6

1

3

1

3

_
-

“

”

”

-

“

-

6

28
25

29
26

14

24

15

8

15

-

2
2

25

8

5

9
6

3

4

5

1

3

18
3

7
8

6

9

3
6

19

4

2

49
44
37
5

35

8

_

23
17
12
12

6
6
2

28
11
10
17

46
5
3
41

1

4

1

19

15

13

17

46

3
3

1
1

9
8

39
32

1
12

12

8

_

7

6

-

13
13

3

3

_
-

■

-

18
3

17
5 .

-

"

6
6

-

6
6

-

6

1

7

-

1

17
2

1

15

-

-

2

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

17

2

3

8

1

5

3

2

_

6

24
13

15

12

20

6

15
14

7

16
16

6

1
1
1

1
1

-

-

5

5

6

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

17
10

14

-

8

6
10

8

•-

12

15
4

8

23

16

39
5

1
1

30
-

62
35

26
17

10

8
_

_

23
-■

39
14

62
_

-

_

32
28

29
2

3

6
50
_

-

9

37
21
28

5
23

_

4

35

39
28

16
26
24

-

11

34
72

66
42

10
8

-

14

_

37
18

26
2

11

12

_

57
28

31
21
10
23
4

_

39
6

_
_

54

24
20

-

1

1

-

67
44

24

2

11

_

80
30

14

19

-

19
13
6
54

"

12

9
_
-

-

-

73

12
-

7
12

26

89
27
25
2

_
_

_
_

-

4

_

_

_

"

"

“

1 1 6 . 50

-

_

4

“

4

2
12

8

_

51

63

56

24

34

4o

27

17

29

25

18

13

7

33
3

5

15

9

7

10

17

23

29
15

_

46
36

-

8

2
7

-

4
7
3

7

"

"

7
6
11

7
2

1

-

7

5

2 •
1

-

4
4

5
1

-

-

-

1
1
1

7

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(Average stra ig h t-tim e w eekly hours and e arnin g s fo r se le c te d o ccup ation s studied on an are a basis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . —N . J . , N o ve m b e r 1962)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
*

Sex, occupation, and industry div isio n

of

workers

S

S

$

t

S

$

$

i

t

1

$

t

s

$

t

t

$

$

t

$

$

Weekly j Weekly ,
45. 0
C50. 00 55. 00 60. 0
C65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 B0. 00 85. 00 90.00 95.00 100,00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 f 25.0 0 130.00 135.00 140.00 L45.00 150.00 155.00 L60.00
earnings 1
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) Is. 00 under
C70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 L15D0 120.00 125.00 130.00 L35.00 140.00 L45.00 L50.00 155D0 160.00 over
50. 0
C55.00 60.00 65. 0

Men— Continued
Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
cla s s B ----------------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------T h ree Inner Counties ---F ive Outer Counties ------Nonm anufacturing ---------------Pu blic u tilities 2 ------------W holesale trade ------------Finance 3 --------------------------

817
396
274
122
421
85
84
177

38. 5 $87. 00
39.5
91. 50
39.5
88. 00
39. 5 98. 50
38. 0 83. 00
40. 0 98. 50
38. 0 89. 50
37. 0 71.00

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s C -----------------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------T h ree Inner Counties ---Nonm anufacturing --------------W holesale trade ------------Finance 3 ------------------------

378
110
87
268
123
109

38.
39.
39.
38.
38.
37.

5
0
0
0
0
5

72.
75.
75.
71.
79.
62.

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine) -----M anufacturing -----------------------------------T h ree Inner Counties -----------------N onm anufacturing -----------------------------Pu blic u tilities 2 ---------------------------

262
131
113
131
62

38.
38.
38.
39.
39.

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine) -----------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing -----------------------------R etail trade ----------------------------------B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs ,
c la s s A ------------------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------T h ree Inner Counties -----------------N onm anufacturing -----------------------------W holesale trade --------------------------Finance 3 ----------------------------------------

-

_
_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
-

20
_
_
_
20
_
_
20

39
8
.8
_
31
_
_
23

58
7
6
1
51
_
6
45

61
23
19
4
38
2
4
28

79
27
25
2
52
2
8
30

95
63
57
6
32
_
10
16

108
74
51
23
34
1
11
10

69
51
33
18
18
_
12
2

115
35
22
13
80
50
16
1

50
50
50
00
00
50

_
_
_
■

3
_
_
3
_
2

28
_
28
_
27

34
8
8
26
6
15

48
17
4
31
12
16

34
3
3
31
4
18

59
29
29
30
2
21

35
12
12
23
12
10

82
19
19
63
59

35
8
7
27
24

6
4
2
2
2

14
10
3
4
2

5
5
0
0
0

78. 00
78. 00
75. 00
78. 00
92. 00

6
_
_
6
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

16
_
_
16
-

19
16
16
3
“

57
36
36
21
4

32
3
3
29
10

25
12
12
13
5

41
8b
30
11
11

5
5
1
_
-

25
23
12
2
2

2
2
2
_
"

201
164
159

39. 0
39. 5
39. 5

65. 50
62. 50
62. 50

_
-

9
9
9

33
31
31

35
35
35

27
23
22

27
26
24

24
15
15

10
7
5

15
13
13

6
2
2

11
2
2

3
1
1

■1

402
193
146
209
66
107

37.
38.
38.
36.
38.
34.

78. 50
83. 50
84. 00
74. 00
75. 00
74. 00

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

8
_
_
8
_
-

16
_
_
16
_
14

23
9
9
14
_
10

59
14
14
45
24
15

47
24
3
23
21
1

72
36
35
36
6
23

72
50
33
22
_
22

36
8
8
28
15
11

21
10
9
11

7
7
1
_

16
16
16
_

18
18
18
_

64.
70.
69.
62.
68.
74.
66.
58.
85.
87.
86.
92.
83.
88.
92.
80.
79.

2
2
2
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
"

103
6
6
97
_
_
5
92
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

143
12
12
131
_
12
4
115

187
15
15
172
7
7
12
146
51
18
18
_
33
_
_
20
13

295
34
33
261
7
38
15
201

228
116
109
112
13
10
22
63

118
49
42
69
6
39
3
15

33
12
10
21

8
8
7
_

8
4

8

4

4

8

4

21

_

4

8

4

133
52
52
_
81
_
_
18
61

144
79
78
1
65
2
_
17
46

43
22
20
21
_
21
_
187
69
52
17
118
43
7
26
41

30
11
4
19
2
_
12
5

39
7
7
_
32
_
_
10
22

99
55
40
44
6
18
9
11
160
66
50
16
94
3
31
18
35

176
73
68
5
103
12
12
25
47

154
85
50
35
69
11
15
15
20

78
43
35
8
35
1
17
9
8

91
36
20
16
55
3
13
22
17

76
60
47
13
16
_
6
_
10

34
9
8
1
25
_
7
_
11

-

_
_
_
_
_

76
32
28
4
44
18
15
1

50
37
12
25
13
4
2
1

28
20
5
15
8
8

13
13
5
8

2
2
1
1

2
2
2
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

2
2
_
2

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
-

31
2
1
29
29

1
_

1
1

_

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

6
_

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

_

_

_

_

6

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

18
14
9
5
4
_
2
1
1

14
10
10
_
4
4
_
_

14
11
10
1
3
3
_
_

4
3
3
_
1
_
_
1

5
5
5
_
_
_
_
_

1

4
_
_
_
4
_
4
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

r

W om en

B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs ,
c la s s B -------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------T h ree Inner Counties -----------------N onm anufacturing -----------------------------Pu blic u tilities 2 --------------------------W holesale trade --------------------------R etail trade ----------------------------------C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ---------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------T h ree Inner Counties -----------------F ive Outer Counties --------------------N on m an u factu rin g-----------------------------Pu blic u tilities 2 --------------------------W holesale trade --------------------------R etail trade ----------------------------------Finance 3 ----------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table,




1,309
346
300
963
41
182
82
648
1, 384
641
523
118
743
82
114
183
332

5
5
0
0
5
0

38. 0
38. 0
37. 5
38. 5
37. 5
39.0
38. 5
38. 0
38.
39.
38.
39.
37.
38.
38.
38.
36.

0
0
5
0
5
5
5
5
0

50
50
50
50
50
50
00
00
00
50
50
50
00
50
00
00
00

1
_
_
_
1
_
_
1
"

1
1

11

—r
1
_
_
_
_
_

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A ve rag e s tr a ig h t-tim e w eekly ho u rs and e arnin g s fo r se le cted occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry d iv isio n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . —N. J. , N ovem ber 1962)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

Weekly x U n der %5. 00 l o . 0 0 I s . 00 £ 0 . 00 £ 5 . 0 0 f a . 00 f a . 00 f a . 00 $5. 00 9 0 . 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 *15.00 1*20.00 1*25.00 1*30.00 1*35.00 1*40.00 1*45.00 1*50.00 1*55.00 1*60.00
earnings
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) i s . 00 u n d er
50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 9 5. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 L45.00 L50.00 155.00 160.00 o v e r
Weekly !

W om en— Continued
$68.
73.
72.
75.
67.
80.
76.

50
50
50
50
00
00
00

C lerks, accounting, c la s s B —
M an u factu rin g--------------------T h ree Inner C ou n tie s----F iv e Outer Counties -----N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g -------------P u blic u tilities 2 ------------W holesale t r a d e ------------R etail t r a d e -------------------Finance 3 ------------------------S e r v i c e s ---------------------------

2. 113
568
394
174
, 1, 545
200
208
636
366
135

38.
38.
38.
39.
37.
38.
38.
38.
36.
37.

0

61. 50

5
5

62. 50
69. 00

C lerks, file , c la s s A -------------M an u factu rin g---------------------Three Inner C ou n ties----N onm anufacturing--------------W holesale t r a d e ------------Finance 3 ------------------------

441
179
164
262
73
136

37.
38.
38.
37.
37.
37.

5
5
5
0
5
0

72.
77.
76.
69.
73.
68.

50
50
50
00
50
00

C lerks, file , c la s s B -------------M anufacturing -------------------Th ree Inner C o u n t ie s ---Five Outer Counties ----N onm anufacturing--------------P u blic utilities 2 ------------W holesale trade ------------R etail t r a d e -------------------Finance 3 -----------------------S erv ices ------------------------

1, 286
359
309
50
927
41
151
113
530
92

38.
38.
38.
40.
37.
38.
39.
39.
37.
37.

0
5
5
0
5
5
5
0
0
5

59.
63.
61.
74.
57.
66.
62.
55.
54.
65.

C lerks, file , c la s s C -------------M an u factu rin g---------------------T h ree Inner C o u n t ie s ---Five Outer C o u n t ie s ------N onm anufacturing--------------P u blic utilities 2 ------------R etail t r a d e -------------------Finance 3 -------------------------

1, 039
390
317
73
649
30
170
426

38.
38.
37.
40.
38.
37.
39.
38.

5
0
5
0
5
5
5
0

C lerks, o r d e r --------------------M an u factu rin g---------------T h ree Inner Counties
Five Outer Counties N onm anufacturing--------W holesale t r a d e ------R etail t r a d e --------------

716
291
209
82
425
256
133

38.
38.
38.
40.
39.
38.
39.

C lerks, p a y r o l l -----------------M an u factu rin g---------------T h ree Inner Counties
Five Outer Counties N onm anufacturing--------Pu blic utilities 2 ------W holesale trade ------R etail trade -------------Finance 3 -------------------

1, 114
766
574
192
348

38.
38.
38.
39.
37.
38.
37.
39.
35.

44
77
109
69

0
5
5
5
5
0
0




372
62
57
5
310
20
28
154
80
28

317
96
71
25
221
34
12
89
54
32

307
83
65
18
224
24
55
62
64
19

242
106
73
33
136
42
14
28
20
32

90
42
31
11
48
7
27
5
3
6

63
29
19
10
34
14
8
3
3
6

17
10
9
1
7
1
6

48
34
5
29
14
3
9
2

48
22
19
3
26
11
12
3

26
4
_
4
22
20
2

6
2
2

1
1
1

9

4
2
_
2

_
_

9
9
-

54
14
14
40
16
13

80
17
17
63
9
43

70
18
15
52
2
42

47
11
10
36
12
18

24
17
17
7
_
4

46
22
22
24
16
2

48
19
16
29
15
13

33
33
28
_
_

6
2
2
4
3

4
4
3

3
3
3

-

1
1

1
1

•

1

316
32
32
_
284
15
58
22
186
3

265
77
75
2
188
2
19
23
137
7

201
82
70
12
119
5
8
10
75
21

138
64
57
7
74
_
17
22
13
22

75
15
13
2
60
2
23

43
43
27
16
-

25
5
1
4
20
14
3

21
4
1
3
17
1
16

4
4
3
1
-

4
2

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2
-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
33

-

3

297
105
94
11
192
10
32
148

156
92
65
27
64
2
7
54

73
41
26
15
32
4
2
12

58
50
42
8
8
6

26
23
14
9
3
3

7
3
2
1
4
4

3
2
2
1
1

3
3
3

79
22
22
57
36
21

91
3
3
88
66
22

88
18
18
70
64
6

78

59
4Y
22
25
12
10
2

37
37
3
34
_
-

16
16
13
3
_
_

58
44
44
14
14

7
7
6
1
-

8
8
8
-

1
1
1
-

2
2
1
1
_

_
-

-

1
1

_
-

-

4
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

49
45
4

158
56
40
16
102
14
56

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

62
51
21
30
11
_
10
1

52
39
39
13

126
52
46
6
74
11

94
~~t r
30
7
57

140
102
81
21
38

172
143
109
34
29

97
61
55
6
36

57
51
43
8
6

38
25
14
11
13

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

7

4

6
-

-

-

8

-

2
2

4

3

15

2
2
1
1
-

_
-

17

3
3
3
-

4
-

5

18
16
16
2
-

2
-

3

13

5

11

5

2

9
7
7
2
1
1

1
1
1

7

16
13
7
6
3
-

_
-

3

68
59
35
24
9
-

12
24
10

150
Io4
67
37
46
1
27
13

36
3
3
_
33
33
_

-

-

-

_
-

_
_
_

24
17
17
7
-

"

-

00
50
50
00
00
50
00
00
00
50

2
2
2
-

191
28
28
_
163
7
36
117
3

52.
56.
55.
61.
50.
62.
47.
50.

50
56
50
00
50
50
50
00

32
22
22
10
10
-

384
49
49
335
_
119
210

5
5
0
0
0
5
5

69.
77.
76.
80.
63.
64.
61.

00
00'
00
00
50
00
00

_
_
_
-

5
5
5
5
5
5
0
0
5

77.
79.
78.
79.
75.
79.
88.
69.
71.

50
00
50
00
00
00
00
50
00

-

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
'

See footnotes at end of table,

272
52
31
21
220
13
121
74
12

244
22
8
14
222
31

3
_
3
3
_

29
29
3
22
3
_
_
3
_
3

'

123
68

3

-

5
5

21
16

8

4

-

8

4

_

_

_

-

_

-

8

4

-

-

-

_

_

-

2

2T~
29
_

2
-

1

7

2
1

2

9

Tabic A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A verag e stra ig h t-tim e w eekly ho u rs and e arnin g s fo r se le cted o ccup ation s studied on an a re a b a s is
by in d u stry d iv isio n , P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa. —N. J. , N o ve m b e r 1962)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O F Sex,

occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Weekly !
hours
(Standard)

Weekly j Under 45. 00
earnings
and
$
(Standard)
under

lo. 00 Is. 00 So. 00 £5. 00 $0. 00 $5. 00 So. 00 S5. 00 So. 00 *95.00 foo.oo 1*05.00 fio.oo *15.00 1*20.00 1*25.00 130.00 f35.00 f40.00 f45.00 150.00 f55.00 f60.00
and
45. 00
50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90.00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 L10.00 115.00 L20.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 over

Women-— Continued
C om ptom eter o p era tors —
------------M anufacturing --------------------------Th ree Inner Counties --------N onm anufacturing --------------------W holesale trade -----------------R etail t r a d e -------- -— ------------

809
227
225
582
170
343

38.
38.
38.
38.
39.
38.

D u plicating-m ach ine op era tors
(M im eograph or Ditto) ---------------N on m an u factu rin g---------------------

109
63

38. 0
37. 5

64. 00
60. 50

Keypunch o p era tors, c la s s A ----M anufacturing --------------------------T h ree Inner Counties --------F ive Outer C o u n t ie s -----------N on m an u factu rin g--------------------Financ e 3 -------------------------------

1. 053
545
441
104
508
163

39.
39.
39.
39.
38.
37.

0
5
5
5
0
5

7?.
81.
81.
80.
77.
66.

50
00
50
50
50
50

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s B ---M a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------T h ree Inner C o u n t ie s --------F ive Outer C o u n t ie s -----------N on m an u factu rin g--------------------P u blic u tilities 2 -----------------W holesale trade -----------------R etail t r a d e -------------------------F inance 3 --------------------- ---------

1. 855
837
662
175
1, 018
227
174
125
431

38.
39.
39.
39.
38.
38.
38.
38.
37.

5
0
0
5
0
0
5
5
5

67.
69.
68.
72.
66.
71.
72.
65.
61.

50
00
00
00
00
00
00
50
00

303
107
87
196
84

38.
39.
38.
37.
36.

0
0
5
0
0

55.
60.
57.
53.
52.

50
50
50
00
50

2

M a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------T h ree Inner Counties --------N onm anufacturing -------------------F inance 3 -------------------------------

38.5
94. 00
39. 0 97. 00
38. 5 98. 00
39. 5 94. 50
37. 5 89. 50
38. 0 119. 00
38. 0 92. 00
39. 0 82. 50
37. 0 82. 50
38. 0 85. 50

S e c r e t a r ie s ------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------------T h ree Inner Counties --------------------F ive Outer Counties ---------------------N onm anufacturing -------------------------------P u blic u tilities 2 -----------------------------W holesale trade -----------------------------R etail tra d e--------------------------------------F inance 3 ------------------------------------------S er v ic e s --------------- --------------------------Stenographers, g en eral --------------------------M anufacturing --------------------------------------T h ree Inner Counties --------------------F ive Outer Counties -----------------------N onm anufacturing -------------------------------P u blic u tilities 2 -----------------------------W holesale trade -----------------------------R etail trade ------------------------------------F inance 3 ------------------------------------------S er v ic e s -------------------------------------------

8. 298
4, 590
3, 685
905
3, 708
412
970
271
1, 449
606
4,888
2, 689
2, 224
465
2, 199
391
571
176
986
75

5 $73. 00
5 79. 00
5 79. 00
5 70. 00
5 69. 50
0 67. 50

38. 5
39. 0
39. 0
40. 0
37. 5
38.5
37. 0
38. 0
37. 5
37. 5

74.
75.
75.
75.
73.
87.
78.
66.
66.
73.

00
00
00
00
00
50
00
00
00
50

12

30
2
2
28

112
11
11
101
44
53

121
16
16
105
49
56

147
67
67
80
24
40

77
21
21
56
30
23

70
30
30
40
8
32

22
11

11
4

6
1

8
3

-

-

-

1

12

28

77
6
6
71
9
58

-

6
6

11
10

18
16

26
12

_
_

_
_
_

21

19

-

-

-

-

5*
21
17
4
31
31

2

47
9
9

-

1

_

12

21
14
13
7
7

_
-

.
_
_
-

7

25

7

25

393
172
150
22
221

-

_

117
28
15
13
89

7

12
13

15
14
56
4

35
17
164
5

_
_
_
_

7

-

"

221
101
101

412
167
167

7

120

5

3

245
18
2
17
207
1

_

2

_

12
10
95

_

-

554
260
215
45
294
16
60
38
176
4

1
1

3
2
2

-

2

1

_

_

_

_

-

_
-

-

3

969 1143
497 730
406 566
91 164
472 413
38
40
133 122
27 ' 27
151 137
121
89

802
532
402
130
270
20
91
19
102
38

705
390
319
71
315
55
118
28
76
38

486
345
257
88
141
31
57
17
33
3

380
265
222
43
115
34
21
4
31
25

879
334
253
81
545
2
132
35
272
104

27
15
10
12
5

-

2
2

80,3
3^4
247
87
469
1
125
38
193
112

“

57
11
7
46
11

-

_
-

_
-

95
19
19
76
33

2

5
3

6
6
2

73
24
24
49
28

.

>

_

804
328
75
401
68
74
38
197
24

11

10
4

499
193
158
35
306
2
39
24
187
54
614
406
268
138
208
56
26
36
88
2

608
$44 "

283
61
264
12
120
20
92
20

1

61
19
4
15
42
42

4
4
2

8
67

1

"

2
2
2

3

15

8
30

-

17

1
1
1

_

17
11
10
1
6

310
136
115
21
174
9
12
38
101

_
_

8
8
6
2

80
64
36
28
16
1
8
7

118
41
196
51
42
15
78

_

44
14
8
6
30

95
57
51
6
38
13
16
6
3

355

_

23
21
10
11
2

189
95
80
15
94
17
59
15
3

124
45
25
20
79
4

17

1

243
104
93
11
139
18
21
10
54

19
19

2

_
_

2

155
102
95
7
53

38

-

7

135. 122
85
86
68
80
6
17
50
36
13
11

2
_
_

47
20
20
27

191
122
94
28
69
30

21
21

159

36
29
28
7

28
14
14
110
35

J38

324
132
121
11
192
70
10
16
95

_
-

58
22
21
36
6
30

-

HO

56
47
9
84
3

-

6

77

155
102
94
8
53
12
36

3

4

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
- .
-

_
-

_
_
_

_
_
-

_
_

-

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

293
215
189
26
78
42
21

239
198
187
11
41
12
10
1
12
6

148
122
108
14
26
5
19
1
1

108
91
82
9
17
7
10

91
55
50
5
36
16
7

66
30
26
4
36
29
7

30
19
19

15
6
6
9
9

-

-

6
7

_
"

_
_
_
-

48
12
5
7
36
36

- ■
_
"

52
22
18
4
30
22
8

19
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
18
18

_
_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

3

15
"

“

51
6

643
3S4
292
92
259
28
132

531
566
342
26
163
25

123
91
80
11
32
14
18

71
17
11
6
54
46
8

_

5

78
18

5
2
2

47
17
16
1
30
24
6

36
9
9
_

27
27

34
18
1
15
15

7
-

2

_

_

7

2
2

7

-

______1
See footnotes at end of table.




_

-

11
11
_
_
_

_

_
-

10

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A ve rag e s tr a ig h t-tim e weekly ho urs and earnin gs fo r se le cted occupations studied on an a re a b a s is
by in d u stry d iv isio n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . —N. J. , Novem ber 1962)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
Weekly j Under 45. 00 io. 00 55. 00 £o.
earning!
and
(Standard) $
under

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

00 ?5. 00 70. 00 75. 00

lo. 00 &5. 00 90 .

00

95.00 100.00 105.01
10110,

45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.(
.0 0 1 .1 0 . 0 (

Women— Continued
Stenographers, senior ---------------------M an u factu rin g-----------------------------Three Inner Counties ------------Five Outer Counties -------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------Public u tilities 2 ---------------------W holesale trade ----------------------

1. 798
1, 317
951
366
481
116
104
240

Switchboard op era tors ---------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------Three Inner Counties ------------Five Outer Counties ---------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------Pu blic utilities 2 ---------------------W holesale t r a d e ----------------------R etail trade ---------------------------Finance 3 ---------------------------------S e r v ic e s ------------------------------------

, 2.3,5
377
313
64
858
123
118
150
314
153

Switchboard op e r a to r -r e c e p tio n ists M anufacturing ----------------------------T hree Inner Counties ------------Five Outer C o u n tie s ---------------Nonmanufacturing —
P ublic u tilities 2W holesale trade ■
Retail trade ------Finance 3 -----------S ervices ------------

992
"3 7 T
438
134
420
49
172
59
53
87

39. 0 $84. 00
85. 00
3 9 .5
85. 00
39. 5
85. 00
40. 0
81. 50
37. 5
37. 5
80. 50
38. 5
92. 50
37. 0
77. 50
. 38.,t 5,
39. 0
38. 5
39. 5
38. 5
39. 0
37. 5
39. 5
37. 5
39. 0

73.
81.
81.
78.
69.
91 .
79.
60.
66.
59.

00
00
50
50
50
00
50
00
50
50

38. 5
38.
39.
38.
38.
38.
38.
35.
38.

5
5
0
5
0
5
0
5

69.
TO.'
70.
72.
68.
70.
70.
61.
67.
68.

50
50
00
00
50
00
50
00
50
50

1S T

23
20
3
32
6

26
JJ l

ML

JLL

ML

115

86

29
65
15
12
38

±52.

164
96

68

54
18

220
169
51
56
24

6

22

152. ±55.

20
17
3
139

136
108
28
101

30
3
57

± 12.

1

34
17
81
6
169

IT T
76
40
53
7
25
6
11
4

W

110
29
101
10

43
16

6

26

Tabulating-m achine operators,
cla ss A ---------------------------------Tabulating-m achine operators,
M anufacturing ----------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------Pu blic utilities 2--------------Finance 3 ---------------------------

73
172
58
95

38.
39.
38.
38.
37.

5
5
0
0
5

82.
5.
80.
89.
75.

50
50
00
50
50

Tabulating-m achine op erators,
cla s s C ----------------------------------M anufacturing ------Nonmanufacturing —
P ublic utilities 2 ■

87
189
113

39. 0
37. 5
37. 0

69.
76.
65.
66.

00
50
50
50

T ra n scribin g-m ach in e operators,
general ---------------------------- ------------M anufacturing ---------------------------Th ree Inner Counties ---------Nonmanufacturing --------------------W holesale trade ------------------Finance 3 --------------------------------

281
233
509
119
283

38.
39.
38.
37.
38.
37.

See footnotes at end of table.




0
0
5
5
5
0

68. 00

73.
71.
65.
73.
61.

00
50
50
00
50

19

96

-52.

171
120
51
46
19
3

210

20

10

±07.

158
52
40

2

28

_ 5±

113
70
43
38
3
14
21

_z_
±

115.00 f2 0.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00
and
120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00

11

Tabic A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division, Philadelphia, Pa. — J . , N ovem ber 1962)
N.

Sex, occupation, and industry div isio n

Number
of

*0
Weekly Under 45. 00 £o. 00 55. 00 S . 00 h
Weekly
hours 1 earningsl
and
(Standard) (Standard) $ 00 under
45.

.

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
t

*

i

$

s

S

00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 1*25.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 L60.00
and

50. 0055. 00 60. 00 £ 5 00 70. 00 75. 06 80. 00 85, Q 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 .105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 o v e r
>.
Q

W om en— Continued
T yp ists, c la s s A ---------------M anufacturing ---------------T h ree Inner Counties
F ive Outer Counties N on m an u factu rin g--------P u blic u tilities 1 ------2
Finance 3 -------------------S e r v i c e s ---------------------

1, 549
793
590
203
756
146
279
158

38.
39.
39.
40.
37.
39.
37.
37.

5 $77. 50
5 81. 50
0 81. 50
0 81. 50
5 73. 50
0 89. 50
0 64. 50
5 71. 50

T yp ists, c la s s B ---------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------T h ree Inner Counties
F ive Outer Counties
N on m an u factu rin g--------P u blic u tilities 2 ------W holesale t r a d e ------R etail t r a d e -------------Finance 3 -------------------S e r v ic e s --------------------

4. 264
1, 513
1, 211
302
2, 751
81
398
386
1, 716
170

38.
39.
39.
39.
37.
38.
39.
38.
36.
38.

0
0
0
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

60.
64.
62.
69.
59.
79.
63.
57.
57.
60.

50
00
50
50
00
50
00
50
50
50

-

-

-

17

-

10

-

-

-

-

55
10
10
-

10

_

9

45

4

9

45

320
77
77

_

17

243

7
10

6
49
173
15

-

25
16
16

-

-

_

-

795 1065
170 329
139 308
31
21
625 736
1
4
45 132
127
70
437 490
15
40

166
40
36
4
126
15
77
27

189
75
45
30
114
6
68
13

300
128
89
39
172
3
61
74

209
106
85
21
103
21
8
24

775
265
216
49
510
4
94
38
315
59

628
343
237
106
285
15
26
41
183
20

333
164
133
31
169
13
37

140 - 9 1 ..
33
70
25
57
8
13
107
21
13
2
48
2
_
20
11
19
7
6

33

78
8

149
96
57
39
53
4
4
12

120
87
65
22
33
17
3

165
136
121
15
29
18

16
10
7
3
6
4
2

26
19
9
10
7
4
2
1

76
72
49
23
4
4

52
13
6
7
39
39

22
9
8
1
13
13

39
26
2
24
13
13

10
2

4
4
1
3

7
1
1

_

_

_

-

2

2
2
2

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

_
_

_
_

-

_
_

-

_
_

6
6

8

_

-

_

-

2
8
8

_

-

-

-

1
1

4

1

n

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*_

4

_

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees receive their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
2 Tran sportation, com m u nication, and other public utilities.
3 Finance, insurance, and r e a l estate.




2
2

-

_

12

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A ve rag e s tra ig h t-tim e w eekly hours and e arnin g s fo r se le cted occupations studied on an are a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv isio n , P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa. —N. J . , Novem ber 1962)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O F Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
°k

Weekly
hours 1
3
2
(Standard)

$
$
s
<
S
S
$
$
s
s
s
s
S
t
S
$
*
%
S
Weekly
U n d e r 5 5 . 0 0 6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 L 0 5 .0 0 L 10.00 L1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 1 3 0 . 0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 . 0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 1 7 0 .0 0 1 8 0 . 0 0 1 9 0 . 0 0 2 0 0 . 0 0
earnings1
and
and
(Standard) $
under
55. 00
6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 LI 0 .0 0 L 15.00 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 5 0 . 0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 1 7 0 .0 0 1 8 0 .0 0 1 9 0 .0 0 2QQ.QQ. Q V fiT

Men
$
173. 50

D raftsm en, l e a d e r ------------M anufacturing --------------Three Inner Counties
Five Outer Counties -

282
174

52

39. 5
39. 5
40. 0

D raftsm en, senior ------------M anufacturing --------------Three Inner Counties
Five Outer Counties Nonmanufacturing --------S e r v ic e s ---------------------

1. 8 6 9
1, 2 31

39. 5
40. 0

D raftsm en, ju n io r -------------M anufacturing --------------Three Inner Counties
F ive Outer Counties Nonmanufacturing --------S ervices -------------------

905

39. 5

553
381
172
352
282

39. 5
39. 5
40. 0

102. 50

39. 5
40. 0

109. 00
109. 50

T racers

121

39. 0

63. 50

39. 5
39. 5

. 00
100. 50

39. 5
40. 0

122

920
311
638
546

40. 0

39. 5
40. 0
39. 5
40. 0

1 71. 50
167. 50
180. 50

-

-

-

-

-

131. 00
-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

142. 00

-

"

-

-

8
8
8

16

n

2
2
2

"

101. 50
9 7. 00
9 4. 50

-

126. 50
. 00

126

-

128. 00
140. 00

-

16
16
-

-

-

-

6
3
3
3
3

-

-

7

13

37

98

46

34

76
51

43

-

-

9
9
-

25

3

3

4

7
3

-

3

2

2

3

22
20

31 8

51

8

9

7

10

12

9 9 . 00
105. 50

_

_

38. 5

95. 00

“

38. 0

66.

!

30

42

6
8
8

13
3

27

103

19
16
3

30

1
1

15

31

36

-

12
12

-

44

6
6

8
8

-

3

20

108

88
61
27

-

_

2

2

14

12
1
1
1

10
7

6
1

22
20
19

1

T

29
7 26

1

198

103

152

75

254

313

176

95

141

48

178

61
37
7
3

164

79
16

95

153
25
135

112

130

106

63

107

60

57
32

63
36

76
24

26

16

39
25

22

38

26

27
5

27

52

14

23

25
23

14
24

7

44

56
52
45

64
60

"20

7

37
23

13
7

4

4

3

10

2

98

16

18

5

_

105

17

22

2

124
33
35

20

86

7

157

34

12
12

6
6
6

192

41

— 25
73
55

3

62

-

8

12

12
22
10

8
2

43
17

46

1
1

38
27

99
64
35
155

7

19

138

37

32
32

21
10
1
1
86

5
26
26

28

8

133

_

20
22 0
20

43

13

92
40
~ S T - — n r
7
29
3
3

21
8

2
2

_

_

_

_

_
_

41

_
_
_

_

_

40

-

-

j

1
1
1

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

2

"

-

-

26

74

10

37

26'

12

1
1
5

6

20
12

3

Women

N urses, industrial (reg iste re d )
M an u factu rin g----------------------T hree Inner Counties ----Five Outer Counties -------N on m anufacturing---------------T r a c e r s ----

1 Standard
2 W orkers
3 W orkers

385
324
231
93
61

72

1

100

50

-

1
12

31

10
10

20
20
20

_

_

9

6

"

8

5

4

5

_

3
-

9

-

-

3

10

16

44
36
31

56
51
35

5

16

hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e their regular stra igh t-tim e s a la rie s
w e re distributed as fo llo w s : 4 at $200 to $210; 8 at 210 to $220; and 8 at $220 to $230.
w ere distributed as fo llo w s : 1 at $45 to $50; and 17 at $50 to $55.




5

43
32
16
16

11

23

12
12
1
1
1

19
19

6

13
-

8
8
5

3

4

3

_
_

3

4

2
1
"

4

and the earnings co rresp on d to these w eekly h ou rs.

2

1
_

1
1

2

13

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verage stra ig h t-tim e w eekly earnin gs fo r se le c te d occupations- studied on an are a b a sis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . —N. J . , N o v e m b e r 1962)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number
of

weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine) ---------M an u factu rin g__________________________
T h ree Inner Counties ----------------------N onm anufacturing _____________________
P u blic u tilities 2_____________________

264
131
113
133
64

$ 7 8 .0 0
78.00
75.00
77.50
91. 50

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) .
N onm anufacturing _____________________
R etail trade --------------------------------------

201
164
159

65. 50
62.50
62.50

B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s , cla ss A,
M an u factu rin g---------------------------------------T h ree Inner Counties ----------------------N onm anufacturing _____________________
W holesale trade ____________________
Finan ce 3
______________________________

412
203
146
209
66
107

78.50
83. 50
84.00
74.00
75. 00
74. 00

B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B
M an u factu rin g---------------------------------------T h ree Inner Counties ---------------------Nonm anufacturing -------------------------------P u blic u tilities 2_____________________
W holesale tr a d e ____________________ R etail trade ________________________
F in a n ce 3 ------------------------------------------

1. 317
347
301
970
44
182
82
652

64. 50
71.00
69.50
62. 50
68. 50
74. 50
66.00
58.00

M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------

T h ree Inner Counties —
F ive O uter C o u n tie s ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

-------------

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2-----------W holesale trade —------R etail trade ---------------F in a n ce 3 ______________
C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B ---M an u factu rin g________________
T h ree Inner Counties ------F ive Outer C o u n tie s ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

____________

P u blic u tilities 2 _________
W holesale trade -------------R etail trade ______________
F in a n c e 3 ___________________
S e r v i c e s -----------------------------

C lerk s, file , c la s s A ___________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________

T h ree Inner Counties ____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

W holesale trade

------------------

_________

F in a n c e 3 ___________________

See footnotes at end of table,




Number
of

earningi1
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number
of

earnings1
(Standard)

O ffice occu pation s— Continued.

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A

O ccupation and industry d ivision

C lerk s, file , cla ss B ______________________________
M anufacturin g___________________________________
T h ree Inner Counties ---------------------------- -------------F ive Outer C o u n tie s_________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________
Pu blic utilities 2______________________________
W holesale tr a d e ______________________________
R etail trade _________________________________
F in a n ce 3 -----------------------------------------------------------------------S e rv ice s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

1, 364
407
352
55
957
43
163
113
543
95

C lerks, file , cla s s C ______________________________
M anufacturing _________________________________
Th ree Inner Counties _______________________
F ive Outer Counties ---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ______________________________
P u blic u tilit ie s 2______________________________
Retail trade _________________________________
Finance 3----------- ------------------------- ------------------------------

1. 064
395
317
78
669
30
170
443

53.
57.
55.
61.
50.
62.
47.
50.

C lerk s, o r d e r _____ _______________________________
M an u factu rin g___________________________________
T h ree Inner Counties _______________________
Five Outer C o u n tie s_________________________
Nonm anufacturing ______________________________
W holesale trade _____________________________
R etail trade _________________________________

1.038
425
300
125
613
427
150

79. 50
84. 50
81. 50
92. 50
76. 00
80. 50
65.50

C lerk s, p a y r o l l ____________________________________
M anufacturing _________________________________
Th ree Inner Counties _______________________
F ive Outer C o u n tie s _________________________________
N onm anufacturing _______________________________________
P u blic u tilit ie s 2______________________________
W holesale trade _____________________________________
R etail trade ____________________________________________
F in a n ce 3 ________________________________________________

1.365
954
690
264
411
61
98
122
77

81.
83.
81.
89.
76.
83.
85.
72.
72.

50
50
00
50
00
00
50
00
00
00
00
00
50
50
50

$59. 00
64. 00
62. 50
75. 50
57. 00
68. 00
61. 00
55. 00
5 4.00
65. 00
00
00
50
50
50
50
50
00

2. 160
1, 005
754
251
1, 155
114
303
198
471

90.50
94. 00
90. 00
105.50
87.50
98. 00
97.00
81.50
81.50

2. 733
909
560
349
1,824
241
350
656
435
142

73. 00
80. 50
73.50
92. 00
69.00
84.50
78. 00
62.00
64. 50
68. 50

C om ptom eter o p e ra to rs ___________________________________
M an u factu rin g___________________________________
Three Inner Counties
______________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________
W holesale trade ____________________________
R etail trade _________________________________

812
227
225
585
170
346

73.
79.
79.
70.
69.
67.

D uplicating-m ach ine operators
(M im eograph o r D it t o )___________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________

175
102

66. 00
63. 00

481
204
188
277
75
141

73.50
78. 50
77. 50
70. 00
73. 50
68. 00

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , cla s s A --------------------------------M an u factu rin g___________________________________
T h ree Inner Counties _______________________
Five Outer C o u n tie s-------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ______________________________
F in a n ce 3. ---------------------------------------------------------

1. 062
550
445
105
512
163

79. 50
81. 50
81.50
80. 00
77. 50
66. 50

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , cla s s B
M an u factu rin g____________
Three Inner Counties
F ive Outer Counties
Nonmanufacturing _______
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2_______
W holesale tr a d e _______
R etail trade ___________
Finance 3_______________

1,873
$67. 50
g w ---- 69."00
667
68. 00
72. 50
183
1,023
66. 00
227
71. 00
174
72. 00
125
65.50
432
61. 00

O ffice boys and g ir ls _____
M anufacturing ____ ____
T hree Inner Counties
N onm anufacturing _____
W holesale trade ____
Finance 3 ____________
S e rv ices _____________

1. 158
437
368
721
172
268
97

59.
62.
60.
58.
59.
53.
53.

S e cre ta rie s _______________
M an u factu rin g__________
Three Inner Counties
F ive Outer Counties _
N onm anufacturing _____
Pu blic u tilit ie s 2_____
W holesale trade ____
Retail trade _________
Finance 3 ____________
S e rvices ____________

8. 376
4, 632
3,716
916
3,744
439
974
275
1,450
606

94. 00
97. 50

Stenographers, gen eral ___
M an ufacturin g__________
Th ree Inner Counties
F ive Outer Counties _
N onm anufacturing _____
Pu blic utilities 2 ____
W holesale tr a d e _____
Retail trade ________
Finance 3 ____________
S ervices ____________

2, 697
2,231
466
2,247
430
571
176
995
75

75.
75.
75.
74.
89.
78.
66.
66.
73.

00
00
00
00
50
00
00
00
50

Stenographers, sen ior ______
M anufacturin g_____________
Three Inner Counties __
F ive Outer C o u n tie s ___
Nonmanufacturing ------------P u blic utilities 2 ______
W holesale tr a d e ________
Finance 3 _______________

1.806
1, 324
955
369
482
117
104
240

84.
85.
85.
85.
81.
81.
92.
77.

50
00
00
00
50
00
50
50

50
00
00
50
00
00
50

98 . 00

95. 00
90. 00

119.00
92. 00

82. 50
82. 50
85. 50

14

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined----Continued
(A verag e s tr a ig h t-tim e w eekly e arnin g s fo r se le c te d occupations studied on an are a basis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . —N . J . , N o ve m b e r 1962)

Number

of

«V 5 y '
£
earnings1
(Standard)

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s .......................................... ...........
M a n u fa ctu r in g ..................................................................
T h r e e In n er C ou n ties -----------------------------------F iv e O u te r C ou n ties -------------------------------------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ----------------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________________
R e t a il t r a d e __________________________________
F in a n c e 3 ______________________________________
S e r v i c e s ______________________________________

1,243
384
316

859
123
118
151
314
153

$73.00
81. 50
81. 50
80. 00
69. 50
91. 00
79. 50
60. 00
66.50
59. 50

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s _____________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------T h r e e In n e r C ou n ties -----------------------------------F iv e O u te r C o u n t i e s --------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------- —----------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 -------------------------------------------W h o le s a le t ra d e -------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e __________________________________
F in a n c e 3 ______________________________________
S e r v i c e s ________________________________________

992
572
438
134
420
49
172
59
53
87

69.50
70.50
70.00
72.00
68.50
70. 00
70.00
61. 00
67. 50
68. 50

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A __............
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------- ----------T h r e e In n er C ou n ties -----------------------------------F iv e O u te r C o u n t i e s _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ----------------------------------------------F in a n c e 3________________________________________

481
295
239
56
186
40
80

105.50
109.00
108. 50
109.50
100.50
117.50
90.50

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------T h r e e In n er C ou n ties _______________________
F iv e O u te r C o u n t i e s ................... ...........................
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2----------------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e -------------------------------------------F in a n c e 3_........................................................................

1,062
4^9
322
147
593
143
95
272

86.00
91.00

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Average
weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

D raftsm en, l e a d e r ------------ -----------------------------------------M anufacturin g_____________________________________
Three Inner Counties _________________________
Five Outer Counties .................................................

282
174
122
52

$173.50
171.50
167.50
180.50

68. 00
73. 00
71.50
65.50
73. 00
61.50

D raftsm en, s e n i o r ___________________________________
M an u factu rin g_____________________________________
Three Inner Counties _________________________
Five Outer Counties ___________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________
S e r v ic e s ________________________________________

1,896
947
311
638
546

131.00
126. 50
126.00
128.00
140.00
142.00

1,581
851
593
208
780
158
279
158

77. 50
81. 50
81. 50
81. 50
73.50
90.50
64. 50
71. 50

D raftsm en, ju n ior __________________________________
M anufacturin g_____________________________________
Three Inner Counties _________________________
Five Outer C o u n tie s ___________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________
S ervices ______________________________________

941
578
400
178
363
292

101.50
96.50
94. 00
102.00
109.00
109.00

4, 304
1,517
1, 214
303
2, 787
95
410
396
1, 716
170

61.00
64.00
62. 50
69.50
59.00
78. 00
63.00
57. 50
57. 50
60.50

T ra ce rs ............................. .......................... .................... .......

193

64. 50

N u rses, industrial (re g is te r e d ) ____________________
M an ufacturin g_____________________________________
Three Inner Counties _____________^----------------Five Outer Counties ___________________________
N onm anufacturing ________________________________

394

earnings^
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry d iv ision

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs , cla s s C
M an ufacturin g________________________
Th ree Inner Counties ____________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
P ublic u tilit ie s 2___________________
W holesale trade _________________
Finance 3___________________________

654
197
135
457
120
155
152

$71.00
76. 00
78.00
69. 00
68. 00
77.00
62. 00

T ran scribin g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs , general
M anufacturin g___________________________
T h ree Inner Counties _______________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________
W holesale trade ------------------------------Finance 3______________________________

791
281
233
510
119
283

T yp ists, cla ss A __________
M anufacturin g__________
T hree Inner Counties
F ive Outer Counties _
Nonmanufacturing -------P ublic utilities 2_____
Finance 3_____________
S e rvice s -----------------T yp ists, cla s s B ---------------M anufacturin g__________
T h ree Inner Counties
F ive Outer Counties _
Nonmanufacturing _____
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2_____
W holesale trade ___
Retail trade ________
Finance 3_____________
S e rvice s ____________

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — C on tin u ed

68

89. 00
95.50
82. 00
94. 50
87.00
72.50

E a r n in g s r e la t e to r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly s a la r i e s that a r e p a id f o r s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s ,
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




of

Number
of

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number

P ro fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations

i,z k

333

238
95
61

100.00

101.00
99. 00
106.00
95. 00

15

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
.(A verage stra ig h t-tim e h o u rly e arnin g s fo r m en in se le cted occup ation s studied on an a re a b asis
by in d u stry d iv isio n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . —N . J . , N o ve m b e r 1962)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

C a rp en ters, m a in te n a n c e -----------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------T h ree Inner Counties -------------------Five Outer Counties ---------------------N onm anufacturing ------------------------------

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average
hourly ■ Under 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3.40 3.50 3. 60 3. 70 3.80 3.90
and
earnings
and
under
f. 50
1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2. 10 2.20 2. 30 2.4 0 2.50 2.60 2.70 2. 80 2.90 3.00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 over

1,041
746
511
235
295
76
143

$ 3 .0 3
2.98
2.98
2.98
3. 16
2. 82
3.71

2, 269

O ccupation and industry division

T h ree Inner Counties -------------------F ive O uter Counties ---------------------N onm anufacturing ___________________
P u blic u tilities 2 --------------------------R etail trade — ---------- ------- --------

1, 341
654
274
105
82

3.05
3 03
3.07
3.02
3.05
3. 15
3. 39

E n gin eers, s ta tio n a ry ___________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________ _____
T h ree Inner Counties _____________
F ive Outer Counties ---------------------N onm anufacturing -----------------------------Pu blic u tilities 2 --------------------------F in a n ce 5 --------------------------- ----------

1. 118
764
606
158
354
87
162
78

2.63
2.71
2.68
2.80
2.46
2.80
2. 32
2. 21

F irem en , station ary b o ile r ___ — — __
M a n u fa ctu rin g ------- ---------------------------T h ree Inner Counties --------------------

569
496
346
150
73

2.46
2.50
2.50
2. 52
2! 15

H elp ers, m aintenance t r a d e s ----------------M a n u fa ctu rin g-------------------------------------T h ree Inner Counties -------------------ITiua Hiifpr P.rmnti aq
N onm anufacturing -----------------------------'PiiKlir' u tilities ^

1, 478
1, 093
639
454
385
283

2.49
2.53
2.57
2. 49
2. 35
2. 48

M a ch in e-tool o p e r a to r s , to o lr o o m —
—
M a n u fa ctu rin g-------------------------------------T h ree Inner Counties ----------------------------

469
469
393
76

3.07
3.07
3.08
3.06
3.05
3. 03

1,164
375
246
129
789
490
227

2.89
2.93
2.87
3.05
2.87
2.86
2.92

3

1

3

15
12
12

-

3

2

3

1

3

3

26
5
1
4
21
2

-

2

2

5

3

-

3

3

1

_

5
2
2

122
73
62
11
49

N onm anufacturing ___________________

vp

D iifp r

^a

M a cn in ists , m aintenance --------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g _____ _________________ ______
T h ree Inner Counties _____________ __
W n n ^ o r m f^ tn r in n
’P ii'h lir' u t i l i t i e s ^

M echanics, autom otive (m a in ten a n ce) ____
M a n u fa ctu rin g ---------- ---------- -------- __ __
T h ree Inner Counties ---------------------- _
F ive Outer Counties - __ ________
N onm anufacturing
-----------------------Pu blic u tilities 2 --------------------------WVir> 1p a a l p tr a H p

See footnotes

__

at end of table.




50
44
38
6
6

52
32
6
26
20

124
61
43
18
63
47
1

55
39
32
7
16
14

82
79
53
26
3
3

136
128
94
34
8
5
1

217
165
104
61
52
47
5

123
117
88
29
6
3
3

101
97
91
6
4

161
153
129
24
8

24
24
1
23
-

2
2
2

4
4
4

11
11
11
-

90
90

-

3 90

10
3
3
7
7

28
16
16
12
9
3

32
1
1
31
26
5

11
11
1
10
-

46
32
31
1
14
4 14

13
13
5
8
-

12
3
3
9
9
-

9
9
6
3
_

_
-

_
-

_
-

50
46
21
25
4

-

152
134
64
70
18
9
8

4

17

8

-

3

243
219
52
167
24
2

349
339
270
69
10
7
3

278
276
188
88
2
“

227
190
145
45
37
3
34

265
265
180
85
-

93
86
65
21
7
5
2

5
5
-

27
9
9
18

3
3

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

8
5
5

-

-

-

-

3

3

1

-

3

3

69
67
34
33
2
1

2

_
-

21
-

_
-

4
-

21
-

16
2
2

44
-

8
1
1

-

21
21

-

4
4
-

21
2
6
13

14
2
12

44
32
12

7
3
4

156
144
105
39
12
4
8

54
35
35
19
1
16

65
43
21
22
22
2
15
5

75
63
63
12
4
8

153
68
61
7
85
25
43
16

123
96
96
27
10
12

122
110
95
15
12
3
1

45
39
23
16
6
4
2

74
47
33
14
27
14
7

42
41
41
1
1

56
50
16
34
6
6
-

14
6
6
8

5
-

8
-

4
4
4

70
70
70

8
8
8

64
59
24
35
5

54
53
50
3
1

10
10
10

29
29
17
12

42
37
21
16
5

16
16
16

7
7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

:

45
44
24
20
1

41
'4 1
34
7

8

74
37
7
30
37

72
72
64
8

5

6
3
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
11

14
10
10

14
8
8

22
18
18

89
62
49
13
27
14

119
99
14
85
20
17

262
58
47
11
204
204

168
137
60
77
31
28

135
131
82
49
4

68
68
68

154
154
154

23
4

27
27

_

-

4
19
19

27

6

76
66
9
57
10
1

167
166
57
109

4

7
6
3
3
1

_

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

8
8

19
19
19

30
30
30

37
37
26
11

10
10

19
19
5
14

141
141
109
32

42
42
41

30
30
30

16
16
16

66

33
33
33

4
4
4

3
3
3

3
3
3

-

66

-

_

8
8
8

12
12
12

32
32
26
8

43
43
20
23

101
101
55
46

404
198
138
60
206
206

56
51
40

178
178
120
58

143
130
103
27
13
13

314
314
220
94

112
112
37
75

408
408
266
142

127
122
104
18
5
5

2
-

11
1
1

74
1
1

_
_

2
2

10
10

73
73

260
87
72
15
173
151
8

178
39
33
6
139
40
99

181
38
31
7
143
14
102

79
69
2
67
10
2
8

21
14
4
10
7
7

40

2.93
2.93
2.97
2. 69

2, 066
1, 752
1, 178
574
314
314

_

-

15
1
1
14

-

11
6

4

:

:
101
67
59
8
34

8

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

7
7

1
1
1

26
26
19
7

-

15
11
11

_

7

-

_

-

-

4
4

6
6

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

6
■

19
3
3

11
7
7

_

-

16
4

4
2

23
11
7
4
12
6
6

-

10

89
10
10
-

79
70

5
5

1

174
20
20
-

154
142
6

.

41
41
31
10

-

-

15
15
15

2

_

_

_

_
_
_
_

_

40
40

_
.

3
3
_

_

3

2
2

_
_

22
22
15
7

_

_
_
_
_

16

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations----Continued
(A ve rag e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e arnin g s fo r m en in se le cted occupations studied on an a re a b asis
by in d u stry d iv isio n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . —N . J . , N o vem b er 1962)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average
hourly Under 1. 50 1.60 1.70 1. 80 1.90 2.00 2. 10
earnings1 $
and
1.50 under
1. 60 1.70 1. 80 1.90 2.00 2. 10 2. 20

M echanics, m a in ten a n ce -----------------------M an u factu rin g------------------------------------T h ree Inner Counties _____________
F ive Outer Counties ---------------------N onm anufacturing ___________________

2, 936
2, 800
1, 831
969
136

$ 2 .9 2
2.91
2.91
2.92
2 .9 4

-

-

-

.
-

.
-

.
-

19
19
13
6

56
56
56
-

41
41
11
30

47
47
36
11

206
206
110
96

122
121
58
63
1

202
192
185
7
10

215
195
167
28
20

281
277
267
10
4

344
304
82
222
40

547
49 1
221
270
56

426
426
311
115
-

116
116
55
61
-

193
193
187
6
-

109
104
64
40
5

6
6
4
2
"

_
_

M illw rig h ts ----------------------------------------------M an u factu rin g-------------------------------------

623
622

3.05
3.05

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

5
5
5

_
-

15
15
15

8
8
5

14
14
1

34
33
33

26
26
26

62
62
62

188
188
168

172
172
23

60
60
60

8
8
8

12
12
12

_
-

O ilers ------------------------------------------------------M an u factu rin g________________________

2.
2.
2
2.

36
34
29
46

13
13
13

27
27
20
7

4
4
4

46

21
21
10
11

12
12

34
34
31
3

31
31
27
4

43
43
25
18

74
49
43
6

92
90
38
52

12
12
3
9

15
15
9
6

-

-

61
5

57
57
29
28

-

12

35
35
30
5

66

F ive Outer Counties ----------------------

596
563
391
172

Painters, m aintenance --------------------- —
M an u factu rin g------------------------------------T h ree Inner Counties ------------------F ive Outer Counties ---------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________
P ublic u tilities 23 _________________
4
F in a n ce 5 ---------------------------------------

565
363
246
117
202
67
68

2. 82
2.92
2.95
2.88
2 .64
3 .04
2.28

_
_
-

14
_
14

7
_
7

4
4

4
4

13
13

13
13

16
16

7
4
1
3
3

10
9
9
1

27
8
1
7
19

16

3

1

19

55
55
26
29
-

44
18
18
_
26
23
1

25
7
7
_
18
18

10

60
55
49
6
5
5

53
53
40
13
-

10

35
22
10
12
13
12
1

40
40
22
18
-

-

61
51
34
17
10
8
1

14
14
14
-

1

32
26
15
11
6
6
-

P ip efitters, m aintenance — — — -------M an u factu rin g________ ______________
T h ree Inner Counties _____________
F ive Outer Counties ______________

3.07
3.07
3.05
3.09
16
3. 16

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

12
12
11
1

2
2
1
1

29
29
29
-

50
50
23
27

27
27
16
11

92
92
84
8

106
45
30
15
61
61

45
45
33
12

49
49
29
20

65
65
65
-

345
345
246
99

'

-

270
258
121
137
12
12

120
120
72
48

Pu blic u tilities 2 ___________ ______

1, 352
1, 234
792
442
118
118

“

-

-

85
80
23
57
5
5

P lu m bers, m aintenance _________ ______
M anufacturing ---------------------------------____ ________ N onm anufacturing

133
57
76

2. 81
2.85
2.78

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
3

_
-

14
7
7

4
4

1
1

2
2

2
2
"

6
4
2

12
12

6
3
3

24
6
18

4
1
3

10
9
1

16
12
4

2
1
1

1
1

_
-

11
11
-

S heet-m etal w ork ers , m a in te n a n ce ------M an u factu rin g________________________

261
222
150
72

2.97
2.97
3.01
2.90

2
2
2

14
14
5
9

1
1

9
9
2
7

53
24
14
10

27
27
22
5

23
23
13
10

57
55
49
6

29
29
18
11

16
16
13
3

23
22
12
10

_
-

_

_

37

2 .92

T ool and die m a k e r s -------------------------------M an u factu rin g________________________
Five Outer Counties ______________
1
2
3
4
5

1,
1,
1
’

511
509
162
347

3.
3.
3.
3!

25
25
28
15

Excludes prem iu m pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
A ll w ork ers w e re at $4. 10 to $4 . 20.
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s : 9 at $ 4 .3 0 to $ 4 .4 0 ; and 5 at $ 4 .4 0 to $ 4 .5 0 .
F inance, insurance, and rea l estate.




0

F ive Outer Counties ---------------------Nonm anufacturing:
Di 1 n
V14.. llfllltlAQ ^

-

46

46

0

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

^rg' ' rsj

O ccupation and industry division

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$ .
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2. 30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2. 80 2.90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40 3. 50 3. 60 3.70 3. 80 3.90
and
2. 40 2.50 2. 60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40 3. 50 3. 60 3. 70 3.80 3. 90 ov er

1

11
11
11

12
12
12

40
40
35
5

"

.
-

19
19

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1
-

28
_
28
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

_
-

1
1

37
8
- ------ 6“
6
g
31
31
8

_
-

9
9
9
-

-

-

3
1
2

1
1

2
2

_
-

9
39

_

1

5

_

-

-

-

-

1
-

_

_

_

_

1

14
8
2
6

_
-

5

56
56
56

-

1
1

18
18
18

1
-

2

29
10
10
10

-

2
2
2
_
-

2
2
2
_

-

2
2
2
-

53
51
18
33

102
102
43
59

165
165
123
42

159
159
96
63

160
160
114
46

347
347
289
58

327
327
286
41

50
50
50

-

l

17

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage stra ig h t-tim e h o u rly earnin gs fo r se le cted o ccupation s studied on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry d iv isio n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . —N. J . , N o ve m b e r 1962)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccu p a tion 1 and industry division

of
w
orkers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
hourifz Jnder 1.00 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1. 40 1. 50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40
earnings
and
and
%
under
1.00
1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1. 40 1. 50 1.60 1. 70 1. 80 1.90 2.00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40 over

542
117
117
425
25
62
291

$1. 77
2. 06
2. 06
1. 69
2. 48
1. 58
1.72

.
-

9

24

9

24

_

.

270
227
98

1. 52
1. 44
1.46

.
_

3. 920
1,935
1, 540
948
592
395
263
132
1,985

1.79
2. 18
2. 15
2. 33
1. 87
2. 27
2. 56
1. 70
1.42

7. 690
4, 167
3, 312
855
3, 523
881
228
997
790
627

1.91
2.05
2 .04
2.07
1. 75
2. 19
1.90
1. 52
1.71
1.49

2. 716
570
521
2, 146
225
56
282
1, 367
216

1.48
1. 78
1. 77
1.40
1. 84
1. 28
1. 32
1. 37
1. 28

L a b o r e rs , m a te ria l handling - ---- -----Mann far til-ring
.....
T h ree Tnner Cmmtien
....
Flue Oiiter C.mmti ec
N onm anufacturing — -------------- — - ____
DuKlir ntiliti ao ^
■ V r> esql e trqr)e
\h 1
R etail trade

8. 395
4, 457
3, 552
905
3, 938
1, 629
1, 204
1, 093

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
1.

O rd er fille r s ------------

3. 486
1, 303
1, 041
262
2, 183
1,484
699

2. 37
2. 26
2. 18
2. 57
2. 43
2.42
2 .44

E levator o p e r a to r s , p a ssen ge r (m en)---M a n u factu rin g------------------------------------T h ree Inner Counties -------------------N onm an u factu rin g------------------------------R etail t r a d e -----------------------------------E levator o p e r a to r s , p a ssen g e r
(w o m e n )--------------------------------------------------

Guards and w a tch m e n ------ — ------------T h ree Inner Counties -

-------------

Wfltrhmpn

.-

J an itors, p o r te r s , and clea n ers (m en)___
rtn f ing ... ... ..
. T h ree Inner C ou n ties--------------------"Pi^hl-ir ntiliti ep 3
Whrtleeale traHo
Pinanro^
Jan itors, p o r t e r s , and c lea n ers
(w o m e n )-------------------------------------------------Mamina'during
.
T h ree Inner C.mmti ep
Nnnm annfflrtnring
P n hlir utilities: 3
W holesale trade — ----------------- —
Retail trarlp
Pinar>r^» ^ . ..
..............

T h ree Tnner Cmmti eia

---------- __
. .

Nnnm annfartnring
...
. ..
W holesale trade ---------------------- --R etail t r a d e ---------- --------------- _ —
See footnotes at end of table.




21
19
20
15
24
54
20
85

5
2
2
3

5
1
1
4

46
12
12
34

99
5
5
94

121

100

_

6
2

1
2

3
1

23
70

22
5

3
91

24
24
24

68
68

1
1
1

5
5
1

11
9
6

16
16
16

72
64
43

38
11
11

958
37
22

1
42

145
45
37
1
36
8

159
66
66
1
65

113
33
20

22
15

302
38
38
8
30

113
43
1

11

-

8
8

264

42
70

8
100

209
104
68
36
105

353
88
68
20
265

77
10
18

27

15
921

7

2

219

-

-

-

7

2

219

323
84
76
8
239

_

2

88
1
130

32
171
18
18

47
_

140
35
35
105

168
8
8
160

7
17
23

18
22
32
33

_
93
37
30

13

110

13

_
27
_

47

27

_

13

■

20
13
13

23
23
23
-

7
5
5
2

1
1

1
120

_

2

1

17
17
1

12
12

12
3
3

28
4
3

201
104
104
1
103

115
27
19
17
2
8

74
36
16
16

8
88

218
157
130
32
98
27
9
18
61
589
455
380
75
134
43
30
30
28
3

-

121

67
67
67
-

11
11
11

2
2
2

-

-

2
2

-

332
330
313
242
71
17
3
14
2

201
179
161
140
21
18
18

233
187
167
148
19
20
20

142
142
142
109
33

22

46

178
175
113
64
49
62
57
5
3

804
630
521
109
174
122
6
38
8

554
469
361
108
85
21
12
52

903
530
404
126
373
356
14
2
1

510
414
377
37
96
55
36
5

333
312
273
39
21
12
6
3

111
45
45
66
66

37
37
25

17
9
8
8
8

48
48
43

625
526
475
51
99

673
592
469
123
81

286
229
120
109
57

33
48

20
2
18
38

93

80

97

842
194
151
43
648
17
6
101
310
214

313
156
148
8
157
7

2
171
29
63

544
174
120
54
370
16
6
206
27
115

18
115
17

825
320
254
66
505
117
78
25
243
42

802
79
61
723
1
13
88
585
36

790
41
41
749

113
23
23
90

104
59
56
45
39

140
59
59
81
74

75
32
31
43
37

71
69
65
2

6
7
652
84

12
41
31
6

1
5

5
2

6

165

132
37
37

no

165

95

214
112
82
30
102

266
202
107
95
64

408
131
101
30
277

293
235
228
7
58

201
154
91
63
47

522
339
192
147
183

no

52
113

26
69
26
8
8

53
37

31
33

254
23

58

13
34

183

99

66
58
58

235
43
43

15

173
82
82

70
24
24

175
78
78

182
139
139

_

12
12
"

18
12
6

8

192
190
2

15
12
3

91
89
2

46
42
4

97
10
87

43

■

2
2
2
-

12
_
12
12

_
-

_
-

_

2
2

•

.

146
77
50
45
5
27
23
4
69

209
209
118
113
5
91
91

15
11
11
11

119
115
79
36
4
1

235
116
32
84
119
114

6
6
_
6

_

_

.

.

.

.

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

5

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

15
15
15

10
10
6

_

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

775
619
598
21
156
43
12
60
45 ' 53

1321
504
489
15
817
648
139
30

1294
223
221

551
314
246
68
237

271
57

91
34

78
43

34
57

43
35

96
96
89
7
I

I

I

187
50

57
214
165
48
1

10
10
7
3

12
45

35

93
50
50

201
194
182
12
7

418
77
77

808
131
94
37
677
377
300

12
5
4
1
7
3
4

46

152
96

6

21

162
9
9

6
6

21
21

153
5153

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

,

9
9
1
1
8
8

3
3
_

6
6
_

10
10
_

3
3

_

_
.

6
6

10
10

_

4

2

’

_

-

22
10
10

7
27

100

_

■

_

8

-

43

414
130
100
30
284
253
31

128
128
42
86
-

“

43
43
“

_

7

2

1071
773
249
49

341
184
157

46
3
43

96
56
54
2

61
41
41
20
20
-

_
-

18

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A ve rag e s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly e arnin g s fo r se le cted occupations studied on an a re a basis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . —N . J . , N o vem b er 1962)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Num
ber
of
workers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average
hourly 2 Under *1. 00 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1. 40 1. 50 1. 60 1.70 1. 80 1.90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40
earnings $
and
and
1.00 under
1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1. 40 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40 over

M anufacturing -----------------------------------Three Inner Counties ------------------F ive Outer Counties --------------------N onm anufacturing------------------------------W holesale trade ---------------------------Retail t r a d e ------------------------------------

1. 658
1, 227
898
329
431
298
133

$2. 05
2. 17
2. 05
2. 49
1.69
1. 67
1 .7 4

_
.

8
_
.

_

32
3
3

79
46
46

28
17
17

215
56
56

54
29
29

152
81
81

94
82
82

117
113
113

-

8
8

-

29 .
24
5

33
24
9

11
11

159
131
28

25
18
7

71
63
8

12
4
8

P a ck ers, shipping (women) ------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------

415
147

1. 63
1.78

.
-

_
-

16
-

43
-

75
36

46
20

44
10

20
-

23
-

N onm anufacturing------------------------------R etail t r a d e ------------------------------------

268
214

1. 57
1. 60

43
43

39
13

26
13

34
19

20
20

875
477
425

2. 26
2. 41
2. 39

_
_
-

16
16

R eceiving c lerk s ------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------Th ree Inner Counties -------------------

_
_
_

2
-

3

18
-

11
1
1

8
-

N onm anufacturing------------------------------W holesale trade ---------------------------Retail t r a d e ------------------------------------

398
165
215

2. 08
2. 17
2. 02

3
3
_
-

8

2. 37
2 .43
2. 43
2. 43
2. 24
2. 27

Shipping and receivin g c le r k s ----------------M an ufacturin g------------------------------------Three Inner Counties ------------------F ive Outer C o u n tie s---------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

3
3

R etail t r a d e ------------------------------------

582
287
128
159
295
101
158

2
2
_
_
-

10

568
385
286
99
183
149

_
_

18
12
6

Shipping c lerk s --------------------------------------M anufacturin g------------------------------------T hree Inner C ou nties--------------------F ive Outer Counties --------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------W holesale trade ----------------------------

_
_

-

3

9

-

T ru ck d rivers 6-----------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------Three Inner Counties ------------------F ive Outer Counties --------------------N onm anufacturing------------------------------O n K1 1 p i i t i l i t i o o ^
W holesale trade ---------------------------R etail t r a d e ------------------------------------

9. 509
2, 970
2, 576
394
6, 539
3 603
2, 228
660

2.75
2. 75
2. 79
2. 53
2. 75
2. 69
2. 86
2. 75

20
7

408
246
192
162
96

2. 44
2. 47
2. 59
2, 41
2. 62

O ccu p ation 1 and industry division

T ru ck d rivers, light (under
IVe tons) -----------------------------------------M anufacturin g----------------- -------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------W holesale trade — -----------------T ru ck d riv ers, m edium (IV2 to and
including 4 t o n s ) ------! ----------------------Three Inner C ou nties---------------F ive Outer C o u n tie s----------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------Pilbli r n tilitip c ^

W holesale trade _______________

See footnotes at end of table,




3. 840
1 610
1, 546
64
2, 230
1 645
* 380

46
39
51
30
52
49
2. 61

2. 75
2. 83
2. 83
2. 69
2. 70
2. 70
2. 77

-

-

-

_
-

_
_
_

-

_

_

-

_

4
4

141
112
98
14
29
29

131
124
62
62
7
7

41
40
17
23
1
1

124
124
80
44
-

94
94
86
8
-

189
149
113
36
40
34
6

87
87
3
84
-

39
38
38
1
1

13
12
6
6
1
1

8
•8
6
2
-

.
-

2
2
2
-

.
-

.
-

10
10
10
*

27
4
4
23
23

33
21
13
12
12

18
-

6
6

11
11
7

2
2

-

2
2

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
- 1

_
-

_
-

_
-

23
23

47
33
21
14
14

31
-

58
8
8

43
18
18

3?
19
19

92
40
40

6
6
5
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

26
21
5

-

35

33
17
8
q
16
15
1

_
-

15

19
15
7
8
4
4
-

_
-

52
20
32

94
70
68
2
24
18
6

2
2
2

20
13
6

129
94
87
7
35

11
11
3
8

25
12
12

39
17
12
5
22
7
11

59
33
33

50
19
30

39
23
22
1
16

40
38
38

31
12
16

99
65
54
11
34
12
22

-

-

25
23
23
2
31
31
24

40
28
19
9
12
7

30
11
4
7
19
15

75
66
36
30
9
6

72
59
40
19
13
12

47
28
24
4
19
18

52
37
27
10
15
14

48
34
26
8
14
12

31
25
25
6
6

15
2
1
1
13
12

18
18
16
2
-

_

-

39
39
26
13
-

66
"66
11
55
-

32
13
5
8
19
3

25
22
8
14
3

40
5
5
35
12
17

28
15
4
11
13
3
10

98
22
13
9
76
3
73

4
4

1
1

11
11
11
-

1

-

-

-

38
17
12
5
21
9
12
-

1?6
97
77
20
99
77
17
5

81
59
50
9
22
8

639
345
345

1113 1093
821
347
805
310
16
37
29 2 746
35
66
746
191
-

12

36
15
15

62
2
2

-

1205
214
127
87
991
104
647
234

55
55
55

294
204
78
12

103
39
19
20
64
45
19
4587
752
629
123
3835
3164
515
156

7
7
7
33
16
16
17
5
12

_

-

2

20
11
11
9
-

12
10
8
2
-

56
55
55
1
-

85
38
32
47
47

45
35
34
10
4

-

-

6

4

7
_

10

-

-

-

4
3

-

10
9

16
2
2
14
14

44
30
25
5
14
14

5
2
2
3
-

25
9
9
16
7

9
9

6
6
6
-

21
21
3
18
-

10
10

13
10
10
3

1
1

8
2
2
6
6

4

3

-

19
7

27
20

29
27
16
11
2

19
7

_

_

-

.

13
_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

7
13

_

-

-

7
12

20
7

-

18
18

1

30
23
23

7
12
1

7
1,

-

-

-

35
27
4
23
8

54
47
25
22
7

146
81
81

42
15

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

12
-

_

-

13

12

-

2

11

-

2

7

_

_

_

_

13

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
6

11
11

5

-

18
11
11
7
-

27
21
4
6
-

22
22
11

8
-

_

-

7
-

-

-

-

-

13
12

_

_

_

_

_

5

10

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

.

_

-

_

-

-

5

10

-

-

16
16
16
-

-

5
5
_

5

-

12
12
12
-

-

-

65

19
7

-

-

7

12
-

6
6

19
14
14

59
54
54

6
-

-

-

5

5

-

2
26
7
6
1
19
7
12

41
21
11
10
20
15

58
38
38
-

20
6

2
-

-

231
228
228

2044
194
177
17
3 1850
3 1578
116

280
27
6
21
253
1
252

4

52
19
19
33
33
671
636
634
2
35
35

-

-

4
4
4
_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

12

21

60

_

-

12
-

21
-

60
-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

302
302
295
7
-

55
55
55

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

19

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Average s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e arnin g s fo r se le cted occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . " N . J . , N o ve m b e r 1962)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccu p a tion 1 and industry d iv isio n
2

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average
hourly - Under 1.00 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1. 40 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3.00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40
earnings* $
and
and
1.00 under
00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40 over
1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1.40 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 lr9 0

3. 168
629

$2. 80
2. 76

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

_

2

2

-

2

2

6

-

2, 539
1 132
1, 205

2. 81

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

_

2

2

-

2

2

6

_

2 71
2. 89

834
256
187
69
578
168
393

2. 76
2. 56
2. 74
2.06
2. 85
2. 70
2.91

T ru ck d riv ers 67 Continued
—
T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (ov e r 4 tons,
tr a ile r type) ------------------------------------N onm anufacturing -------------------------

T ru c k d riv e r s , heavy (ov e r 4 tons,
other than tr a ile r type) ____________
M anufacturing ------------------------------T h ree Inner Counties --------------F ive O uter C o u n tie s ----------------N onm an u factu rin g______________ __
P u blic u tilities 3------------------------5
4
W holesale trade -----------------------T r u c k e r s , pow er (fork lift) ______________
M an u factu rin g------------------- ---------------T h ree Inner Counties _____________
F ive O uter Counties — ------- — N on m an u factu rin g------- --------------------P u blic u tilities 3-----------------------------W holesale t r a d e ---- ----- ------------R
11 trarlo
T ru ck e rs , p ow er (other than
fork lift) -------- ------- - --------

- --------

T h ree Inner Counties _____________
F iv e O uter Counties ______________
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

3. 172
2, 527
1, 721
806
645
68
287
290
393
372
322
50

_

2.39
2. 33
2. 35
2. 28
2. 64
2. 67
2. 64
2. 63
2.
2.
2.
2.

30
28
26
39

56
39
39
17

-

48

_

17
-

_
-

-

-

-

7
7

7
7

14
14

-

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
-

7
-

14
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

7
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

36
15
15
_
21

62
2*
2
_
7 60

588

25
5
1
4
20

63
5
5
_
58

_

12
_
_
_
12

-

-

-

30

140

27

3

58

-

12

21

60

370
301
284
17
69
2
_
67

394
339
297
42
55
_
42
13

168
131
61
70
37
16
2
19

374
233
69
164
141
50
18
73

354
77
52
25
277
_
189
88

30
30
27
3
_
_

17
17
2
15
_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

2
2
2
_
>
_
_

28
28
28
_
_
_
_

54
42
42

25
25
11
14

8
1

16
14
5
9

3
3
3

_

_

_

_

_

10
10
10
-

I

43
7
7
36

16
16
14
2
-

107
107
103
4
-

355
347
278
69
8

351
346
192
154
5

297
282
185
97
15

137
135
112
23
2

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

36

_

_

_
g

_
5

_
15

_
2

-

12
12
12
“

67
67
61
6

79
79
79
“

65
65
45
20

54
54
54
_

1

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except w here otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r ove rtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public utilities.
Finan ce, in su ran ce, and re a l estate.
W ork ers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 45 at $ 3 .4 0 to $ 3 .5 0 ; 33 at $ 3 .5 0 to $ 3 .6 0 ; 21 at $ 3 .6 0 to $ 3 .7 0 ; and 54 at $ 3 .8 0 and o v e r.
Includes all d r iv e r s re g a r d le s s o f size and type of truck operated.
W ork ers w ere d istrib u te d as fo llo w s: 12 at $ 3 .4 0 to $ 3 .5 0 ; 12 at $ 3 .5 0 to $ 3 .6 0 ; 18 at $ 3 .6 0 to $ 3 .7 0 ; 6 at $ 3 .7 0 to $ 3 .8 0 ; 9 at $ 3 .8 0 to $ 3 .9 0 ; and 3 at $ 3 .9 0 to $4.




588

73
46
46
_
27

78
78
15
63
-

■

_

408
100
86
14
308

7
7
7
-

-

_

32
2
2
_
30

7
7
7
-

“

_

6
6
6
-

22
22
22
-

-

_

10
10
10
_
-

15
15
15
-

“

628
40

-

_
_
-

"

507
319
75 T T s
105
15
432
204
80
352
30

62
20
20
_
42

_
_
-

_

1548
326
260
1222
1052
170

42

10
10
10
-

_
_
-

“

94
34
34
60

-

_
_

_

_
_

'

“

_

-

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is trib u tio n o f e sta b lis h m e n t stu d ie d in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tran ce s a la r y fo r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f fi c e w o r k e r s , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . — J. , N o v e m b e r 1962)
N.
O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p ists
N on m anufacturing

M anufacturin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h ttim e s a l a r y 1

A ll
indus t r ie s — a H—
sch ed­
u le s

A ll
indus t r ie s

B a s e d on stan dard w e e k ly h ou rs 3 o f—
3772

383/4

40

A ll----sch ed­
u les

37V 2

35

40

XXX

XXX

35

219

105

13

9

75

114

20

27

46

3
6
3
8
3
1
3
1
2
2
1
2

5
4
28
18
49
11
25
11
19
13
11
8
2
1
3
1
6
1
3

2
2
5
18
6
11
8
16
10
6
7
2
1
3
1
6
1

2
2
1
3
1
3
1
"

2
3
1
1
1
1
"

2
12
5
6
5
12
8
4
7
2
1
3
1
6
1

5
2
26
13
31
5
14
3
3
3
5
1
1
2

“
3
3
8
5
1
“
“

“
4
5
8
3
3
1
1
2
“
“

5
1
10
3
10
1
4
2
2
2
2
1
“
“
1
2

XXX

XXX

104

55

XXX

XXX

XXX

49

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

66

24

XXX

XXX

XXX

42

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

195

95

12

9

69

100

18

26

__ _ —
______
_______________
__
_ — ____
_ __
__ _
_______________
___ ____ ____ _
„ ______
__ ____
_ __
_ _
__ _ _ _______________
_______________
....................
...............
___ _ _
_______________

3
23
10
49
14
20
10
18
11
12
10
2
1
1
1
5
2
3

_
3
3
16
8
7
8
15
9
6
8
2
1
1
1
5
1
1

_
3
1
1
2
2
3
-

2
3
1
1
1
1
-

10
6
5
4
12
9
4
7
2
1
1
1
5
1
1

3
20
7
33
6
13
2
3
2
6
2
1
2

2
1
8
1
5
1
■

4
2
10
3
3
1
1
2
-

E sta b lish m en ts having no s p e c ifie d
m in im u m ________________________________

78

42

XXX

XXX

XXX

36

XXX

E sta b lish m en ts w h ich did not e m p lo y
w o r k e r s in this c a t e g o r y ------------------- —

116

47

XXX

XXX

XXX

69

XXX

XXX

XXX

Data not a v a ila b le —

------ ---- - -----

1

1

1
1

1

1 T h ese s a la r ie s r e la te to f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m sta rtin g (h irin g) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s that a r e paid fo r stan dard w o rk w e e k s .
2 E x clu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s su ch as m e s s e n g e r o r o f fic e g ir l.
3 D ata are p r e s e n te d fo r a ll stan dard w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d , and fo r the m o s t co m m o n stan d ard w o rk w e e k s r e p o r te d .




40

XXX

XXX

$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 45. 00
$ 47. 50
$ 50. 00
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 5 7 . 50
$ 6 0 . 00
$ 6 2 . 50
$ 65. 00
$ 6 7 . 50
$ 70. 00
$ 72. 50
$ 7 5 . 00
$ 77. 50
$ 80. 00
$ 82. 50
$ 85. 00
$ 87. 50

371/2

35

206

206

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

A ll
sch ed ­
u les

XXX

XXX

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

40

XXX

XXX

$ 4 0 .0 0
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 45. 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 50. 00
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 57. 50
$ 6 0 . 00
$ 6 2 . 50
$ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 7 . 50
$ 70. 00
$ 72. 50
$ 75. 00
$ 77. 50
$ 80. 00
$ 82. 50
$ 85. 00

383/4

XXX

XXX

E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d
m in im u m ------ ------- .-----_ — — —

37V 2

184

184

_ _

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 3 of—
A ll
sched­
ules

390

390

E sta b lish m en ts stu died __ _____

N on m an u factu rin g

M an ufacturin g




21

Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(S hift d i f f e r e n t i a l s o f m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e and a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
P h ila d e lp h ia ,
P a . —N . J . ,
N o v e m b e r 1962)

P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu r in g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s havin g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

A c tu a lly w o rk in g on—
T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

S e co n d s h ift
w ork

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift w o rk

S e co n d sh ift

87. 3

81. 2

16. 9

7. 2
7. 1
4. 8

__ __

86. 2

80. 1

16. 7

__ __ __ __

W ith s h ift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l _ _____ __ _

4 9 .9

46. 1

10. 4

3 o r 4 c e n ts
__ __ __ __ __ _____ __ __
5 c e n t s ______________________ __ ____________
5 1/ 3 cen ts
6 ce n ts ___________________ _______________
7 c e n t s _______________ _________________
7 l lz c e n t s __________________________________
8 c e n t s _____________________________________
9 ce n ts _________ __ __________ __ _________
10 c e n t s _______ ___________________ _____
11 c e n t s __ ______ __ ___________
____
12 c e n t s __ ____________ _____________________
13, 13V2 . o r 14 ce n ts ___________________
15 c e n t s __ __ _ ___
________
16 c e n t s __ ____________ _____________________
O v e r 16 ce n ts _____________________________

1. 0
8. 7
.7
2. 5
2. 3
2. 3
10. 1
3 .6
13. 6
1. 5
1 .6
.6

. 3
1 .6
(2)
.7
.7
.4
2. 2
.9
2 .6
.4
.2
.2

1 .4

_
.4
.7
. 3
1. 0
1 .5
. 3
2. 7
17. 5
.2
8. 8
2. 1
2. 7
4. 4
3. 7

. 1

(2 )
.5
1 .4
(2 )
1 .4
.2
.2
.6
. 1

______ . . ____________

32. 4

29. 0

5. 1

1. 7

5 p e r c e n t __ __________________________ __
7 p e r c e n t __________________________________
7V2 p e r c e n t _______________________________
8V4 p e r c e n t ________________________
_ __
10 p e r c e n t _
_ _ _
12 p e r c e n t __________________ _____________
15 p e r c e n t _________________________________
2 2 V 2 p e r c e n t __ _____ _____ __
_
___

2. 7
5. 1
.2
.4
2 2 .6
.7
. 3
. 3

1.
3.
.
.
20.
1.
1.
.

.4
1. 0

. 1
. 1
(2 )
(2 )
1 .4
(2 )

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r) __ _

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e

O th e r fo r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l __
W ith no s h ift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l __________________

-

-

(2 )
. 1
.2
. 1

0
4
5
4
8
2
5
3

(*)
(2 )
3. 3
.2
(2 )

(2 )

3 .9

5. 1

1. 2

.7

1. 1

1. 0

.2

. 1

(?)

1 In clu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s , and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v i s io n s c o v e r in g
e v e n though th e y w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s .
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t .

-

late sh ifts

22

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f o ffic e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y s c h e d u le d
w e e k ly h o u rs o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . —N . J. , N o v e m b e r 1962)

OFFICE WORKERS
W e e k ly hou rs

A ll w o r k e r s ________________________ _____________
Under 35 h ou rs ----------- ---------------------------------------______ __________
35 h ou rs _________ __ __
O ver 35 and under 36 1U h o u rs ________________
__ ____
__ __
36V4 h o u r s ____ _ __ __ __
O ver 361/4 and under 37V 2 h o u r s _____________
37V2 h o u r s _____________ _______ ________ ________
O ver 37V2 and under 383/4 h o u rs
_ _ __
383/4 h o u r s _______________________________________
O ver 383/4 and under 40 h o u rs ________________
40 h ou rs _____ ___ _ __ _
____ ____ ___
O ver 40 and under 48 h o u r s _____ __ _ __ _
48 h ou rs and o v e r ______ _____ ________ _ __

1
2
3
4

All
industries

100

1
9
(4 )
5
3
23
2
7
2
48
C)
(4 )

Manufacturing

Public
utilities1

W
holesale
trade

100

100

100

5

7

3
6

-

-

-

2
1
18
1
13
1
59
-

5
23

41

-

-

(4 )

5
43
-

-

66
-

T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
In clu d es data fo r r e a l esta te in add ition to th ose in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

100

(4 )
5
(4 )
17
2
5
70
(! )
(4 )

Finance 2

100

Services

100

4
18

7

-

-

15
12
23
4
1
7
17

5
(4 )
48
1
13

-

-

26
1

All ,
industries

100

(4 )
1
(4 )
c>
(4 )
6
1
(4 )
86
2
3

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

2
8

_
_

_

(4 )

-

-

_
2
_

-

-

-

87
(4 )
3

-

99
-

_
91
7

(4 )
_
4
8
_
79
4
4

Services

100

1
_
7
4
4
2
1
_
60
10
10

23
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f o ffic e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d iv is io n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . —N. J . , N o v e m b e r 1962)

OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o r k e r s _______________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p a id h o lid a y s ___________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p a id h o lid a y s ________________________________

All
industries

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities 1

W
holesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance 2

Services

au

industries 3

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

91

99

84

"

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

9

1

16

_
8
2
2
19
6
1
23
3
2
4
3
6
1
2
1
16
1
2

10
1
3
22
8
2
37
1
3
4
3
6
(4 )

_
6
5
2
17
6
4
27
8
4
10
11
-

32
2
26
10
29
2
-

_
1
(4 )

_
31
21
7
4
28
6
-

1
9
2
3
33
4
3
33
1
2
4
3
2
1
-

2
5
36
2
18
34
3
-

_
73
3
3
4
1
-

-

-

_
2
40
27
13
(4 ) 10
4
3

2
6
4
12
1
5
32
3
16
10
-

-

(4 )
1
15
2
2
30
3
2
31
1
2
5
2
3
(4 )
1
(4 )

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(4 )

-

-

-

(4 )

-

-

0
(4 )
2
2
2
6
24
29
32
32
58
60
99
99
100
100
100

_
11
11
28
36
66
72
89
94
100
100
100

_

_

N u m ber o f days
L e s s than 4 h o lid a y s ____________________________
4 h o lid a y s _________________________ _____________
6 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _______________________
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 2, 3, o r 4 h a lf days ----------------7 h o lid a y s _____________________________ __________
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _______________________
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 2, 4, o r 5 h a lf days ___________
8 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y -----------------------------------8 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 o r 6 h a lf d a y s ------------------------9 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
9 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 o r 2 h a lf d a y s ________________
10 h o lid a y s ________________________________________
10 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf day --------------------------------11 h o lid a y s ________________________________________
11 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf day _____________________
12 h o lid a y s ________________________________________
12 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day _____________________
13 h o lid a y s ________________________________________

-

_
1
(4 )
39
2
(4 )
25
3
5
18
4
(4 )
2

-

5
1
5
3
8
3
63
4
7

-

3
(4 )
(4 )
-

-

(4 )

-

2
-

T ota l h o lid a y tim e 5
13 days ---------------------------------------------------- ------------12V2 o r m o r e d ays _______________________________
12 o r m o r e d a y s _____*-----------------------------------------1 lV 2 o r m o r e days _______________________________
11 o r m o r e d ays ---------------------------------------------------10V2 o r m o r e days _______________________________
10 o r m o r e days __________________________________
9V2 o r m o r e days ------------------------------------------------9 o r m o r e d ays ___________________________________
8V2 o r m o r e days ________________________________
8 o r m o r e d ays ___________________________________
7V2 o r m o r e days ________________________________
7 o r m o r e days ___________________________________
6V2 o r m o r e d a ys ------------------------------------------------6 o r m o r e days ___________________________________
4 o r m o r e d ays ___________________________________
1 o r m o r e days ___________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
no h a lf

2
3
19
19
22
22
29
31
37
39
64
70
90
92
100
100
100

_
-

0
0
0

(4 )
6
9
16
17
55
63
88
90
100
100
100

_
-

2
31
41
67
68

100
100
100

7
11
74
77
86
86
89
89
94
99
99
99
100
100
100
100
100

_
0

(4 )
(4 )
(4 )
3
3
9
39
48
69
100
100
100

0
o

0

(4 )
1
1
4
6
13
14
46
49
81
83
97
99
99

_
1
1
3
5
12
13
48
53
89
90
99

100
100

(!)
(4 )
4
4
4
8
18
18
31
31
58
58
98
98
100
100
100

10
10
25
29
69
70
82
88

91
91
91

_
_
_

3
3
37
37
55
57
93
98
99

_
_
2
2
2
2
2
2
9
12
84
84
84

T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s .
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
In clu d es data f o r r e a l e s ta te in add ition to th ose in du stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
A ll c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total o f 7 days in clu d e s th ose w ith 7 fu ll days and
d a y s , 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf d a y s , and s o on.
P r o p o r t io n s w e r e then cu m u lated.




24

Table B-5. Paid Vacations
( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f o ffic e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s by v a c a t io n p ay
p r o v is io n s , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . —N . J . , N o v e m b e r 1962)

O F F IC E W O RK ER S

P L A N T W O RK ERS

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All
industries

A ll w o r k e r s

----------------------------------------------------------

100

M anufacturing

Public
utilities

1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 2

Services

All
3
industries

M anufacturing

Public
utilities1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
(4 )
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
99
-

100
90
10

99
79
17
4

100
71
26
3

100
100
-

92
92
-

100
100
-

100
67
33

30
12
1
-

25
5
3
-

62
29
9
-

M ethod o f p aym ent
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s __________________________________
L e n g t h -o f-t im e p aym ent ------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p aym ent — ----------------------------------F la t -s u m p aym ent -----------------------------------------O th er --------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no p aid v a c a tio n s -----------------------------------------------

99
99
(4 )
(4 )
(4 )

(4 )

8

-

(4 )

11
28
26
16

21
18
3
(4 )

22
19
3
1

4
27
4
-

_
21
9
70
-

1
70
7
22
(4 )

1
69
6
24
1

67
13
20
(4 )

71
21
-

2
79
17
-

6
10
70
14
-

43
20
37
_

36
15
49
_

55
9
28
_

29
3
68
_

26
38
36

(4 )

47
24
29
_
1

(4 )

-

-

-

13
21
64
1
1

14
26
57
1
2

8
13
79
(4 )

16
13
63
-

7
2
92
_

19
35
46
_

-

-

-

12
20
67
1
1

13
24
60
1
2

8
13
79
(4 )

16
9
68
-

5
2
93
-

-

-

19
35
45
1
-

(4 )
4
81
8
5

_
5
81
8

_
84
13
3

_
87
5
-

1
2
89
_
8

7
8
56
28
-

A m ount o f v a c a tio n pay 5
A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k - _______ ____________ — -------------1 w eek ------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and u n d er 2 w ee k s ---------------------------------2 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------------

11
45
10
7

9
50
12
5

22
26
7
-

9
37
4
2

17
18
1
-

7
62
13
18

17
18
1
-

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k _____ ____ ______ _ ------------------1 w eek ------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------2 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------3 w eek s ___________________________________________

_

_

24
(4 )
76
-

11
(4 )
89
-

_
65
35
-

19
81
-

_
80
20
“

2
98
-

5
6
88
1
(4 )

5
1
94
_

5
38
58
_

15
83
_

6
1
93
_

1
99
_

-

-

-

-

2
1
95
1
1

2
2
93
(4 )
2

2
98
-

6
93
_
1

2
98
-

1
99
-

-

-

5
10
71
14
-

2
1
95
1
1

2
2
94
(4 )
2

2
_
98
-

6
_
93
_
1

1
99
-

1
99
-

5
10
68
17

-

-

(4 )
(4 )
90
2
7

(4 )
(4 )
90
1
8

_

_

94

93
5
1

_

_

_

_

_

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and und er 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eek s
------------------------- ----------------------------------O ver 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w eek s ------------------------------------------------- --------------

1

_

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek -------------------------------------------------- -------------O v er 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w eek s ----------------- --------------------------------------- —
O ver 2 and und er 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------

-

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 Week
O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s
2 w eek s _______ ________
O ver 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s
3 w eek s ---------------------------

----------------- -------------___ ______ — ______
----------------- -------------------- ------------- __ __

-

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _______________________
________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______ __ _________
2 w eek s --------------------------- ------- __ __ __ ______
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w eek s ------------------See fo o tn o te s at end o f table,




_
93
_
7

_
94
1
5

_

6

1
1
45
12
40

6

25

Table B-5. Paid Vacations— Continued
( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n of o ffic e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a i l i n d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d iv is io n s by v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . —N . J . , N o v e m b e r 1962)

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y

PLANT WORKERS

M
anufacturing

Public .
utilities1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 2

<!)
(4 )
46
4
49
_

(4 )
35
5
59
■
.

_
63
37
_

_
12
88
_

_
72
5
22
_

(4 )

(4 )

-

_
35
1
63
_
1

-

-

(4 )
(4 )
40
8
49
2
(4 )

(4 )
25
10
60
5
(4 )

_
63
37
_

_
28
7
63
_
2

_
12
88
_

_
66
14
20
-

-

_
17
81
_
2

_
9
91
_

All
industries

Services

All ,
industries J

1
1
30
12
52
_
4

Manufacturing

Public
utilities1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

(4 )
2
39
10
46
2
(4 )

_
2
40
14
44
(4 )
(4 )

_
48
_
38
13
-

_
38
_
54
_

1
2
25
_
72
_

7
8
47
28
9
_

-

-

-

(4 )
2
32
13
49
2
(4 )

_
2
31
17
48
2
(4 )

_
48
38
13
-

_
29
5
55
_

1
2
25
_
72
_

7
8
39
28
17

-

1
1
27
12
54
_
4

-

-

_
3
96
1
-

1
(4 )
23
_
44
9
23

(4 )
2
12
1
75
8
2

_
2
13
1
74
8
2

_
_
86
13
1

1
_
17
_
69
_
6

_

1
(4 )
22
1
44
9
23
-

(4 )
2
12
1
54
7
22
1

2
13
1
53
9
22
-

1
(4 )
22
1
24
9
42
-

(4 )
2
12
1
29
6
48
1

2
13
1
30
7
47
“

A m ount o f v a c a tio n pay 5— C on tin u ed
A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------2 w eek s _______________ _______________________ O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------3 w eek s ----------------------------- ----------------- — --------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ---------------------------- —
4 w eek s --------------- -----------------------------------------------A fte r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _____ ________ — ------------------ -------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------2 w eek s ________________________________________ —
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
------------- -------------3 w eek s _________________________ _____ _________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w eek s ---------------------------------4 w eek s ________ ___ _______________________________

-

_

(4 )

_

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek __________________________ ________ ____
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------2 w eek s -------------------------------------- ------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ----------- ---------------------3 w eek s ------- ------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ---------- --------------------4 w eek s ---------------------------------------- -----------------------

(4 )
(4 )
7
_
89
3
1

(4 )
8
86
5
1

_
(4 )
99
(4 )

-

_

-

7
2
35
_
29
27
-

1
2
11
_
49
37

7
2
29
6
29
27
_

2
11
_
86
_

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s --------------------- — - —
2 w eek s
-------------------- ------------- ------------- --------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------3 w eek s -------------------------------------------------------------- O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s -------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w eek s ------------------------ -----------------------------

(4 )
(4 )
7
(4 )
71
1
21
-

(4 )
8
65
1
26
-

_
(4 )
_
96
4
-

_
17
_
45
37
-

_
9
62
30
-

2
1
82
15
-

_

_
_
80
7
13

_
17
_
36
39
-

-

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _____ _______________ — __ _____ _____
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w eek s ---------------------------------2 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------3 w eek s ---------------------------- -----------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s — ___________ _____
4 w eek s ----------------------------------------------------- -----------O v e r 4 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------

(4 )
(4 )
7
(4 )
32
1
59
1

(4 )

.
-

8

(4 )

-

35
2
55
-

48
52
■

_
-

17
26
-

56
■

_

_

-

-

8
12

2
1
28

-

-

-

80
"

65
4

_

_
-

_
42
45
13

_
17
_
27
_
48

1
2
10
16
.
72
-

7
2
29
6
22
27
7
-

1 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s .
2 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
3 In clu d es data f o r r e a l e s ta te in addition to th ose industry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
5 In clu d e s pa ym en ts o th e r than "len gth o f tim e , " such as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual e a rn in g s as fla t - s u m p aym en ts, c o n v e r t e d to an equ iva le n t tim e b a s i s ; f o r ex a m p le , a p aym ent of 2 p e r c e n t
o f annual e a r n in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r il y r e fl e c t the in d ivid u al p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r exa m p le, the
ch a n ges in p r o p o r t io n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in clu d e changes in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s tim a te s a r e c u m u la tiv e . Thus, the p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay
o r m o r e a fte r 5 y e a r s in clu d e s th o s e w ho r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .




26

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans1
6
5
4
3
2
(P e r c e n t o f o f fic e and plaint w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e sta b lish m en ts p r o v id in g
h ealth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f it s , 1 P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . — J. , N o v e m b e r 1962)
N.
O F F IC E W O R K E R S '

P L A N T W O RK ERS

T ype o f b e n e fit
All
industries

A ll w o r k e r s

------------- ----------------------------- ---------

M anufacturing

Public ,
utilities ^

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 3

100

100

100

100-

100

97

100

„

Services

100

All
industries 4

M anufacturing

Public
utilities 2

100

100

100

Wholesale
trade

100

Retail trade

Services

100

100

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :
L ife in s u ra n ce ----- -------------------- - —
A c c id e n t a l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u r a n c e
.
—
—
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 5 _________________________

97

99

96

95

97

89

96

96

100

95

90

89

38

45

39

32

35

30

45

49

51

40

41

44

75

76

92

62

60

88

64

51

89

96

75

74

81

65

— __
-

40

67

29

35

36

9

26

79

91

46

63

60

50

61

74

57

55

26

60

33

15

14

22

20

18

13

6

3

3

-

41

2

4

6

3

23

-

13

7

78
74
58
52
84
1

91
88
67
44
89
(6 )

57
54
53
70
61
(6 )

82
74
53
56
86
1

88
82
41
39
88
1

67
65
59
61
92
2

54
35
34
24
52
5

89
85
61
22
79
1

95
95
65
22
82
1

66
50
42
52
76

90
76
43
26
77

84
79
63
8
75

71
57
58
2
43
3

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce -S ic k lea v e (fu ll p a y and no
w aitin g p e r io d )
_
S ic k le a v e (p a r tia l p a y o r
w aiting p e r io d )

H o s p ita liz a tio n i n s u r a n c e ___________________
S u r g ic a l in s u ra n ce
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e — __ ------- _ --------- —
C a ta strop h e in s u ra n ce __________________ —
R e tir e m e n t p e n s i o n __________________________
No h ealth, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p l a n _____

1 In clu d es th ose plans fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r , e x c e p tin g o n ly le g a l re q u ire m e n ts su ch as w o rk m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
2 T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
4 In clu d es data fo r r e a l esta te in add ition to th o se in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 U nduplicated to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce show n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w .
S ick le a v e plans are lim it e d to th ose w h ic h d e fin it e ly e s t a b lis h at le a s t
the m in im u m n u m ber o f d a y s ' p a y that can be e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e .
In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n ce s d e te rm in e d on an in divid u al b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .
6 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C la ss A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B iller, m achine (hilling m achine)—Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C la ss B —Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers'accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B ille r , m achine (b ook k eep in g m achine)—U s e s a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers'
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C la ss A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

27

28
CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C la ss B —
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C la s s A —In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.

B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.
C la s s

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing theitems
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
C la s s C —
Performs

routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

29

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C la s s

y4—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C la s s 6 —
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,

follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

30

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
^alls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERA TOR-Continued
C la ss C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C la s s A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
D o e s not in clu de working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C la ss B —Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

C la ss A—
Performs one or m ore o f the fo llo w in g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances

C la ss B—
Performs one or m ore o f the fo llo w in g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

31

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR—
Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a com bina­
tion o f the fo llo w in g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




32

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a lso supervise these operations. H ea d or c h i e f en g in eers in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents em p loyin g more than one en g in eer are e x c lu d e d .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

33

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in die trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic re ^:res rounded training and-experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose prim ary d u tie s involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of. mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

34
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers prim arily e n g a g e d in in sta llin g and
repairing building sa n ita tion or h eating s y s t e m s are e x c lu d e d .

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; g&ge maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In c lu d e s g a te -




men w ho are sta tio n e d at g a te and c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s and
oth er p e r so n s en terin g .

35

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g :

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may in v o lv e on e or more o f
the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
P a c k e r s who a ls o make
w ood en b o x e * or cra tes are e x c lu d ed .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve o n e 'o r more o f the fo llo w ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. L o n g sh o rem en , who load and unload sh ip s are ex c lu d e d ,

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
ping work i n v o lv e s :

routes,

Ship­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation and rates; and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work i n v o l v e s :

May

R e c e iv in g

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers* orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional s*ock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R e c e iv in g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and r e c e iv in g clerk

36
TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r iv er -sa le sm e n and o v er -th e -r o a d drivers
are e x c lu d e d .

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:

Trucker, p ow er (forklift)
Trucker, p o w er (oth er than fo rk lift)

T ru ckdriver (com bin ation o f s i z e s l i s t e d se p a r a te ly )
Truckdriver, ligh t (u n d er-1% ton s)

WATCHMAN

Truckdriver, medium ( l l2 to and including 4 to n s)
/
Truckdriver, h e a v y (o v e r 4 ton s, trailer typ e)
Truckdriver, h e a v y (o v er 4 to n s, other than trailer ty p e )




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102