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Occupational Wage Survey

BALTIMORE, MARYLAND
NOVEMBER 1 9 6 2

B u lle tin No. 1345-23




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
BALTIMORE, MARYLAND




NOVEMBER 1962

Bulletin No. 1345-23
March 1963

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program
Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual oc­
cupational wage surveys in major labor markets.
These
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits.
Information on related supple­
mentary benefits is obtained biennially in most of the labor
markets.

Introduction ______________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups ------------------------------------Tables :
1.
2.
3.

A preliminary report which presents earnings
trends for selected occupational groups and average earn­
ings in selected jobs is released within a month after the
completion of the study in each area. This bulletin pro­
vides additional data not included in the preliminary report.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey ---------------Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, for selected periods ____________________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups ------------------

3
5
5

A : Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations-mien and women --------------------------A -2 . Professional and technical occupations—
men
and women ----------------------------------------------------------------------A -3 . Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined ______________________________
A -4 .
Maintenance and powerplant occupations ________________
A -5 .
Custodial and material movement occupations --------------

10
11
12

B: Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B -l.
Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers —
B -2.
Shift differentials ________________________________________
B -3 .
Scheduled weekly hours --------------------------------------------------B -4 .
Paid holidays --------------------------------------------------------------------B -5 .
Paid vacations ____________________________________________
B -6 .
Health, insurance, and pension plans -----------------------------

14
15
16
17
18
21

Appendix: Occupational descriptions ___________________________________

23

A two-part summary bulletin is issued after the
completion of all of the area bulletins for a round of sur­
veys (for the current round of surveys, the first part of
this bulletin will be available late in 1963 and the second
part early in 1964).
The first part presents individual
labor market data.
The second part presents data re­
lating to all metropolitan areas in the United States.
This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau’ s re­
gional office in New York, N .Y., by Jesse Benjamin, under
the direction of Harold A. Barletta. The study was under
the general direction of Frederick W. Mueller, Assistant
Regional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.




1
4

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
major areas. (See inside back cover. )
Current reports on occupational earnings and supple­
mentary wage practices in the Baltimore area are also
available for the machinery industries (May 1962). Union
scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels, are available
for the following trades or industries: Building construc­
tion, printing, local-transit operating employees, and
motortruck drivers and helpers.

in

6
9




Occupational Wage Survey—Baltimore, Md.
Introduction

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U .S. De­
partment of Labor*s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys
of occupational earnings and i-elated wage benefits on an areawide
basis.
In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of Bu­
reau field economists to representative establishments within six
broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communica­
tion, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance,
insurance, and real estate; and services.
Major industry groups
excluded from these studies are government operations and the con­
struction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because they
tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to
warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time
salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have
been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed are largely due to
(1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among industries and
establishments; (2) differences in specific duties performed, although
the occupations are appropriately classified within the same survey
job description; and (3) differences in length of service or merit
review when individual salaries are adjusted'on this basis.
Longer
average service of men would result in higher average pay when
both sexes are employed within the same rate range.
Job descrip­
tions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usually more
generalized than those used in individual establishments to allow for
minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number ac­
tually surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment ob­
tained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indi­
cate the relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences
in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the
earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material move­
ment.
Occupational classification ' s based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job.
The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they relate to
office and plant workers.
The concept "office workers, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory
workers performing clerical or related functions, and excludes ad­
ministrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant workers"
include working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including
leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Administrative,
executive, and professional employees, and force-account construc­
tion employees who are utilized as a separate work force are ex­
cluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufac­
turing industries, but included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing
industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly hours are r e ­
ported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work




Minimum entrance salaries (table B -l) relate only to the e s­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.

1

2

Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 1 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of workers ac­
tually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In
establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to a
majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification nothern was used.
In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled hours (table B-3) of a majority of the firstshift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to all of
the plant or office workers of that establishment.
Paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B-4
through B-6) are treated statistically on the basis that these are
applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers
are eligible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed.
Sums
of individual items in tables B-2 through B -6 may not equal totals
because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i . e . , (l) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom.
Holi­
days ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a
nonworkday, even if the worker is not granted another day off.
The
first part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole
and half holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole
and half holidays to show total holiday tim e.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate e s ­
timates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earn­
ings, or flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation
pay, payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis;
for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was con­
sidered as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (table B-6) for which at least a part of the cost is borne by
the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as workmen's
compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans
include those underwritten by a commercial insurance company and
those provided through a union fund or paid directly by the employer
out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside for this pur­
pose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or ac­
cident disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to
which the employer contributes.
However, in New York and New
Jersey, which have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which
require employer contributions,2 plans are included only if the em ­
ployer (l) contributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides
the employee with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law.
Tabulations of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans 3
which provide full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during
absence from work because of illness. Separate tabulations are pre­
sented according to (1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting
period, and (2) plans which provide either partial pay or a waiting
period. In addition to the presentation of the proportions of workers
who are provided sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave,
an unduplicated total is shown of workers who receive either or both
types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees.
Such plans may be underwritten by com ­
mercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met not require employer contributions.
do
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
An
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave
establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (l) had
that could be expected by each employee.
Such a plan need not be
operated late shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an indi­
(2) had provisions in written form for operating late shifts.
vidual basis, were excluded.




3

T a b le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o rk e rs w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m ber stu died in B a lt im o r e ,

In du stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

__________________________________________________

M an u factu rin g _______________ _______________________________
N on m an u factu rin g ____________________________________________
T ra n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
oth er p u b lic u tilitie s 5 __________________________________
6
W h o le s a le tr a d e
_________________________________________
R e ta il tr a d e _______________________________________________
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te
S e r v ic e s 7 __________________________________________________

M inim um
em ploym en t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
o f study

by m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n , 2 N o v em b er 1962

N um ber o f e sta b lish m e n ts

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin
scop e of
study 2
3
1

656

100
100
50
100
50
50

Studied

Studied

_

T otal 4

O ffic e

Plant

T o t a l4

195

2 6 2 ,7 0 0

4 2 , 700

170 ,1 0 0

174,920

286
370

75
120

1 5 9 ,1 0 0
1 0 3 ,6 0 0

1 7,900
2 4 ,8 0 0

1 12 ,900
5 7 ,2 0 0

105,910
6 9 ,0 1 0

27
101
66
78
98

13
29
25
28
25

2 1 ,9 0 0
12 ,5 0 0
3 8 ,6 0 0
1 8 ,7 0 0
11 ,9 0 0

4, 500
2, 900
4 ,4 0 0
11 ,7 0 0
(8)

1 2,100
6, 000
3 0 ,1 0 0
6 900
( 8)

18,690
4 ,6 3 0
2 9 ,4 2 0
11,700
4 , 570

1 T he B a lt im o r e Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a c o n s is t s o f B a ltim o re C ity; and Anne A ru n d e l, B a lt im o r e , C a r r o ll, and H ow ard C ou n ties.
T he " w o r k e r s w ithin s co p e o f study"
e s tim a te s show n in this ta b le p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u r v e y . T h e es tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e
as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r em p lo ym e n t in dexes fo r the a rea to m e a s u r e em p lo ym e n t tren d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age su r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f esta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d
c o n s id e r a b ly in ad va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) s m a ll e sta b lish m e n ts a re ex clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll es ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total em ploym en t at or above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the a re a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in such in d u s trie s as tr a d e , fin a n ce, auto re p a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 esta b lish m e n t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and oth er w o r k e r s exclu d ed fr o m the se p a ra te o f fic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 R a ilr o a d s , t a x ic a b s , and s e r v ic e s in cid en ta l to w ater tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e re e x clu d e d .
6 E s tim a te r e la te s to r e a l esta te e sta b lish m e n ts only.
W o r k e r s fr o m the e n tire in d u stry d iv is io n a re r e p r e s e n te d in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , but fr o m the r e a l estate p o r tio n only in " a ll
in d u s tr y " e s tim a te s in the S e r ie s B ta b le s .
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u tom obile r e p a ir sh o p s; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and en g in eerin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .
8 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , and f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s . Separate p r e s e n ­
ta tion o f data f o r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p loym en t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it se p a ra te study, (2) the sa m p le
w as
not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it se p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequ ate to p e r m it se p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f individual
e s ta b lis h m e n t data.




4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percentages of change in average
salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in av­
erage earnings of' selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The
office clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operator s ; ' tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations.
The average sal­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each
of the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earn­
ings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate
for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a per­
centage) of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for
the other year was computed and the difference between the result and
100 is the percentage of change from the one period to the other.
The percentages of change measure, principally, the effects
of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Similarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the ef­
fect of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each
job included in the data.
The percentages of change are not influ­
enced by changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay
for overtime, since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new trend
series (table 2).
This series, initiated with the expansion of the labor market
wage survey program to 80 Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, will replace
the old series (1953 base) shown in table 3. Changes in the jobs surveyed and
job descriptions since the start of the old series called for a reexamination of
the jobs and job groupings for which trends were to be computed.
The new series covers the same job groupings as the earlier series
with the following exceptions: The clerical and industrial nurse groups, formerly
restricted to women, now include both men and women. Changes were also made
in the jobs included within job groupings in order that an identical list could
be employed in all areas.




5

Table 2. P ercen ts of in cre a se in standard w eekly sala rie s and straigh t-tim e
hourly earnings fo r selected occupational groups in B a ltim ore, Md. ,
fo r selected p eriods
N ovem ber 1961
to
N ovem ber 1962

Industry and occupational group

A ll industries:
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and women) __________
Industrial nurses (m en and women) _______
Skilled maintenance (men) ________________
U nskilled plant (men) ______________________
Manufacturing:
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and women)
________
Industrial nurses (m en and women) _______
Skilled maintenance (men) ________________
Unskilled plant (men) ______________________
1

D ecem ber I960
to
N ovem ber 1961

2. 8

'3 .
6.
3.
4.

3. 9
1.8

•9
3.
3.
1.
2.

1
3

Septem ber 1959
to
D ecem ber I960

3. 5
3. 2
3.4
4. 2

1

7
8

2

4.
5.
3.
5.

1. 6
6. 0
3. 8
3. 6

1
2

1
3
2
9

Revised estim ate.

Table 3. Indexes of standard w eekly sa la rie s and straigh t-tim e hourly
earnings fo r s elected occupational groups in B a ltim ore, Md. ,
N ovem ber 1962 and N ovem ber 1961
(O ctober 1952 = 100)
N ovem ber 1962

N ovem ber 1961

A ll industries:
O ffice c le r ic a l (women) _________________________________
Industrial nurses (women) ______________________________
Skilled maintenance (men) ______________________________
Unskilled plant (men) ___________________________________

153. 2
1 6 1 .7
160. 6
166. 7

149. 3
155. 5
157. 6
164.6

Manufacturing:
O ffice c le r ic a l (women) _________________________________
Industrial nurses (women) ___
_____________________
Skilled maintenance (men) ___
_____________________
Unskilled plant (men) _______________ __________________

158.
163.
160.
173.

153.
157.
159.
170.

Industry and occupational group

0
1
9
7

3
0
0

1

A: Occupational Earnings

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , B a lt im o r e , M d. , N o v e m b e r 1962)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
S
s
S
$
$
$
S
S
S
S
*
$
$
$
$
S
S
$
s
S
S
S
S
$
W
eekly 35.0.0 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 9 0 . 0 0 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 15 5.00
W
eekly
earnings1 and
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 9 0 . 0 0 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 13 5.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 ov er

Men
C lerks, accounting, cla ss A ----------------Manufacturing ------------------------ -------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------F in a n ce 2 --------------------------------- —

308
197

C lerks, accounting, cla ss B ___________
Manufacturing --------- __ -----------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________

153
67

111

55

39.
39.
38.
37.

0

$117.00

5
5
0

121.00

_
-

.
-

-

13
5

1
1

1

8

5
3
3

34
26

6
6

20

3

14
14
13

3
3

11
11

6
6

6
6

15

.
-

_
-

5
5

1
1

6

10

16

4

22
8

10

4
2

6

14

7
3

31
5

38
34
4

15
5

16

10

9
9

-

-

_

_

4

14

2

10

-

O ffice boys ______________________________
Manufacturing _______________________

220

_
-

2

76
144
89

38.
39.
38.
37.

Tabulating-m achine op era to rs,
cla ss A ________________________________
Manufacturing ----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________

128
71
57

38. 5
39. 0
37. 5

114.50
104.00

Tabulating-m achine op era to rs,
cla ss B _____________________
________
Manufacturing ________________ _____
Nonmanufacturing
________ _______

304
115
189

39.
39.
38.
38.

0

91.00

-

-

-

1

5
5
0

100.50
85. 00
78. 50

-

-

-

-

81

-

13

4
4
3

_

-

.

-

-

44
5
39
38

29

2
2

-

_

19
17

85
40
45
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

2

3

10

1

7

4

11

_

-

1
1

18

23

8

3

6
12

2
21
20

2
2

4

-

-

-

2
2

3
3

1

5
5
5

2

3
3

-

-

10
1

21
2

3
3

7
7

9
9

19
17

.

7

17

4

1
2

3

7
9
4

14
14
-

2
2

4

17

1

2

-

"

-

3

15

6

5
5
5

5
5
5

6

4
4
1

4
3
3

.
-

7
7

1
1

3
3

4
4

7
7

3
3

50
50

2
2

17
16

2
1
1

5
3

1
1

2
2

14
14

-

-

-

1

17
3
14

-

5
11

2

"

-

-

9
3

9

-

-

6

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

11

6

_

-

F in a n rp ^

"

9
5
4

8

7

6

6

121.50

00

1

15

3
8

_

50
00
00

14
13

2

21

1

_

79.
88.
73.
64.

17
15

21
11
10

6

121.00

0

22
10
12
10

28
14
14

22

1

40. 0
40. 0

0
0
5

12
11
1

7
15

21
10
11
8

3

129
125

39.
40.
38.
37.

11
6

-

C lerks, p ayroll ____________
_________
Manufacturing _______________________

112

17

4

2

_

110.00

16
12
10

9
3

104.00
106.00
107.50

50
50
00
50

5
3

3
3

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

57.
60.
56.
54.

8

_
-

114
96
79

176
64

3
3

_
-

C lerks, ord er ------------------- -----------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade __________________

Tabulating-m achine op era tors,
cla ss C ___________________________________
Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

.
-

1

_
-

101.00

100

99. 50
97. 50

_
-

86

Vinanrp^

_
-

110.50
9 8 . 00

39. 5
3 9.5
39. 5

5
5
0
5

.
-

9

-

11
2

12

5
5

16

14

54
45
9
-

6

!

9
3

1

6

-

"

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

9
9

3
“

14
13

3
3

11

_
“

_
'

_
-

9

7
1
6

_
-

4

35

2

6

15

q
7

29
27

21

30

4
17
17

2

28
28

18
4
14

41
3
38

26

32
15
17

9

20

15

8

4

2
1

4

12

16

15

7
4

17
14

-

1

-

3

3

1
1
-

3

5
7

15
15

9

1

3

9

3

18
2

28
26

-

-

1
1

-

W omen

_

.

3
3

3
3

36
18

9

9

19

-

4
4

8

“

5

3

2

12

12
12

64. 50

-

2

12

11

5

8

2

25

21

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

78. 50
83. 50

-

-

-

1

9

7
3

11

15
9

23
13

33

13

-

-

-

10

5
5

2

28

8
8

B ille rs , m achine (billing m achine) _____
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

103
62

39. 0
3 9 .5

70. 50
70. 50

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
machine) __________________________________

87

39. 0

127
78

39. 0
39. 0

Bookkeeping-m achine op e ra to rs,
cla ss A ___________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .




2

Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en-----Continued

(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, B altim ore, M d., N ovem ber 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF -

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

Weekly,
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly . *3 5 .0 0 * 4 0 .0 0 * 4 5 .0 0 * 5 0 .0 0
earnings 1 and
(Standard) irnder
4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0 5 0 .0 0
55l 0
0

s
$
s
$
*5 5 .0 0 * 6 0 .0 0 * 6 5 .0 0 * 7 0 .0 0 * 7 5 .0 0 * 8 a o o * 8 5 .0 0 *90100 * 9 5 ,0 0 1*00.00 1 0 5 .0 0 1*10.00 1 1 5 .0 0 * 2 0 .0 0 1*25.00 1*30.00 * 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0
*
and
6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

71
66
12
13
41

58
55

51
44
3

36
31
3

20
16
9
1

18
8
6

3
-

24

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 S 0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 l
OO 13 0 .0 0 13 5.00

1 4 0 l 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 0 0 15 5.00
0

Women— Continued
B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs ,
c la s s B ___

F in a n ce 2 _

-

5 5 .0 0

-

__

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

8 8 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0
8 1 .5 0

-

3 9 .5
3 7 .5

7 6 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

3 8 .0

6 9 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
8 8 .5 0

3 8 .5
4 0 .0

73
324

_

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A _
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
Retail trade _

3 9 .5
3 8 .5

475
148
327
75
109

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing
W holesale trade __________________
Retail trade
......
F in a n ce 2 _ _
......
C lerk s, file , c la s s A
Nonmanufacturing
F in a n ce 2 _________ _______________
C lerk s, file , c la s s B __ _______________
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade
Retail trade
F in a n ce 2 _______________ _________
C lerk s, file , c la s s C
Nonm anufacturing
F in a n ce 2

$ 5 8 .5 0
5 7 .0 0
6 3 .0 0
5 7 .5 0

3 9 .0

529
486
64

.... ....
_ ..

1, 254
162

254

3 9 .5
3 8 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

135
103
71

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1, 0 9 2
129
209

-

-

1

29
-

6 1 .0 0

_

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

5 0 .0 0
5 2 .5 0

456
376

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

5 2 .0 0
5 1 .0 0
5 0 .0 0

1
1
1

3 8 .0

6 4 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
6 0 .5 0
5 5 .5 0

_

478
275
203
103

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

C om ptom eter op era tors
___
M anufacturing ______ __ __ ____ __
N onm anufacturing ___________________
Retail trade _______________________

297
102

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

195
142

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

7 5 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
6 8 .5 0

3

17
12
26

17
16

_

1

1

-

-

-

36
13
23

61
12

52

24

26

13

29
23

r iii

15

49

4

6
5

15

1
5

8
5
1
4

53

5
47

22
7

15
25

190
16
174

87

68
12

—

-

232

7
224

29
203

3
25
70

3

5
36
65

18

49
47

15
58
43

3
3
1

26
26
24

41

14

28

13
13

6
5
3

79

59
18
41
7

69
18
51

25
17
8

Z

~

12

90
9

79
6

12

19
62

13

22
22
22

,1 6 5
161

_

_

-

231

92

12

_

114
114

_

-

-

7 0 .0 0

-

-

19
11

123
25
98

4

7

12

10
2
1

10
8
2
2

—

9
j

4
4

5
4

12
1

9
4

11
7

5
4

7
1
6

21
11
10

9
3
6

1

3

6
2
4
4

62
41
21
12

52

40
30

36
15

26

10
5

21
18

9
1

23
10
13
8

11
5
6
6

19
10

11
3

9
7

8

19
7
12

-

1

12

8
5
3

43

13

21

4
2

42
2
40
34

33
4

75
3
72
42

31
12

22

64

10
12

51
25
26

9

29
35
20

48
15
33
18

7

6
-

10
-

18
3

51
21

10
10

15
15

21
5
16
16

58
11

6
6

47
34

30
20

6
3

60

29
11

15

19
1

33

_
_

16

6

3

«
.

9

2
14

_

l

6

3

1

14

6

3

9
9

1

2

_

6

5
1
3
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
—

r~

_

l

3
2

38
14
5
23
8
15
14

~

9
F~
3

_

1

7
7

1
-

17

53

3 9 .5

7 2 .5 0

-

-

3

7

4

2

1

2

7

22

4

7 4 .0 0

_

_

3

6

64

38

7 7 .5 0

59
21

39
21

3
3

6

10
54

83
23

4

15

60
34

38
13

18
10

42
18
24

25

3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5

99
37
62

17
13
4

17
16
1

3

23
16
7

3
1

1

2

2
2

-

-

7

17

4
3

~TT-

-

'ip
28
13

16

19
6
2

8
4
1

—

r

~

2
_

_

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2

-

_

2

„

_

-

2

-

9

2

9

2

1

3 8 .5

7 2 .0 0
6 9 .0 0

-------

_
8
8
_

_
10
~ r ir

5
1

489
172
317
111

2

_

.

_
_
_

1
1

19
14

1

_
6

6
5

1

3
1

10

10
2

11
4
5

2
~ -------- j p

6
6

12
7
5

75
35

6
-

7 7 .5 0

30

3

116

_

8 5 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

18
3

89
19
70

3

12

91
91
74

147
43
2

-

56

17

_

17
16

3
3

41
41

-

19
9

18
3
14

8
8

-

19
68

9
22

8
-

-

19

-

55
8
47

10

.

.

2

4

3
_

29

_

1

52

19
7

_

4

4
1

18

12
16

3
21

4
1

53
-

32
1
31

3
3
3

_

3 9 .5

C lerk s, p a yroll ____ ____ __ __ __ __
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
Retail trade _________ __ __ __ __

-

_

1

59
161

296

_

-

-

.

3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .5




-

-

5 6 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
5 4 .5 0

253
145

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .

6 0 .0 0
6 0 .5 0

18
137

-

-

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

325
72

Keypunch op era tors, c la s s A
M anufacturing
___ _
Nonm anufacturing _
F in a n ce 2

-

-

_

69
299
52

C lerk s, o rd er
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing
Retail trade __ __ ________ _____

D uplicating-m ach ine op era to rs
(M im eograph or Ditto)

99
6
10
80

2

-

163
163
8

99

6 9 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
6 3 .5 0

368

2
2

_
-

3
_
3
3

_
_
_
-

■

-

-

8
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and Women-----Continued

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , B a ltim ore, Md. , N ovem ber 1962)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF
Average
S
s
s
$
$
S
$
$
S
S
S
$
$
S
S
S
S
s
S
s
*
S
$
1
W
eekly
W
eekly
35.00 4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0 50.00 5 5.00 60.0 0 65.0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0.0 0 85.00 9 0 .0 0 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145,00 150.00 155,00
hours * earnings 1 and
and
(Standard) (Standard)
Q0
4 5 .0 0 5 0.00 55.00 6 0.0 0 65.0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 80.0 0 8 5.0 0 90.00 95.0 0 100.00 105l 1 10.00 1 1 5.00 120.00 12 5-00 1 30.00 1 35.00 140.00 H 5 l 15Q.QQ 15.SQQ. o v e r Q0

W om en — Continued
$ 68.
81.
62.
61.
56.

00
50
50
00
50

_

_

-

-

_

6
2
2 ------5“

64
64
17
47

66
66
11
54

46
8
38
9
25

51
13
38
18
11

40
11
29
11
9

28
15
13

20
16

26
14
6

5
5
1

_
-

"

38
23
20

-

9
4
5

16
8
8

90
14
76

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
3

8

12
6
56

135
2
133
7
14
28
72

_
-

_
-

-

-

7
7

87
2
85

142
14
128
6
117

164
43
121
19
83

36
36
36

M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonm anufacturing ___________________
R etail trade -------------------------------------Finance 2 ---------------------------------------------

454
134
320
66
190

Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Pu blic utilities 3 ____________________

104
72
27

-

38.
39.
38.
39.
39.
39.
38.

5
5
0
5
0
5
0

91.
99.
85.
101.
90.
78.
79.

00
00
00
50
00
50
50

_
-

_
_

_
_

Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------Pu blic u tilities 3 ---------------------------W holesale trade ---------------------------R etail trade -------------------------------------Finance 2 --------------------------------------------

2, 374
1 ,0 1 3
1, 361
128
214
176
619

-

-

-

Stenographers, general __________________
M anufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade __________________
Finance 2 __________________________

1, 162
500
662
94
• 430

39.
39.
38.
39.
37.

0
5
5
5
5

71.
78.
66.
74.
62.

50
00
50
50
00

Stenographers, senior _________________
M anufacturing --------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------Finance 2 ---------------------------------------------

363
217
146
66

39.
39.
38.
37.

0
5
0
5

86.
9 1.
77.
76.

00
00
50
50

_

Switchboard op erators _________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------P ublic u t ilit ie s 3 ---------------------------R etail trade ----------------: ----------------Finance 2 -----------------------------------------

400
122
278
34
92
64

40.
40.
39.
39.
40.
37.

0
0
5
5
0
5

68.
84.
62.
76.
55.
65.

50
50
00
00
00
50

Switchboard op e r a to r -r e c e p tio n ists ___
M anufacturing --------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------W holesale trade __________________

364
192
172
68

38.
39.
38.
39.

5
0
5
5

69.
72.
67.
67.

50
00
00
50

_

_

-

-

-

-

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
cla ss B ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------

142
122

38. 0
38. 0

81. 50
78. 50

-

*

-

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs ,
cla ss C -------------------- --------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------

75
63

37. 5
37. 5

76. 00
71. 50

"

-

T ran scribin g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs ,
general ________________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade __________________
Finance 2 ________ : ________________
_

264
70
194
58
123

39.
39.
39.
40.
38.

73.
75.
72.
90.
63.

-

-

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




39.
39.
38.
40.
38.

o
5
5
0
0

39. 0
39. 0
39. 5

0
0
0
0
5

58. 50
58. 00
57. 50

00
50
00
50
50

"

-

17
3
14

10
5
5

7
7

4
4

272
83
189
14
18
44
72

288
132
156
4
22
6
57

172
93
79
12
15
2
34

187
117
70
7
24
4
17

227
200
27
1
16
4

116
55
61
38
6
6

58
53
5
2
1
2

56
36
20

91
47
44
16
13

77
49
28
9
4

46
27
19
2

53
47
6
6

8
5
3
3

6
5
1

6
5
1

_

_

-

_

57
47
10

28
21
7

6
6

_

1

182
31
151
7
7
31
103

191
42
149
5
35
24
72

280
80
200
9
25
26
107

138
41
97
15
59

179
97
82
13
42

158
118
40
5
21

8

4
1
3
3
"

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

13
11
2

-

-

-

2
-

4
-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

.
-

6
6
5
1
-

6
2
4

3
3
-

9
3
6

63
46
17
14
3
-

-

-

-

-

7

84

_

_
-

6
6
4

12
12
1

19
1
18
12

35
13
22
12

45
21
24
18

42
22
20
6

60
38
22
5

64
48
16
4

30
30
-

27
26
1
"

9
4
5
4

14
14

-

_
-

-

“

■

-

10

23

14

.

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

9
5
4

_

14

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

33
25
8
6

17
14
3

-

13
8
5
1

3
3

23

3

3

13
1

32
7

11
12

20

52
21
31
17
4
6

3
2
1

-

45
21
24
4

13
13

10

22
3
19
2
8
9

_

-

45
4
41
4
18
9

3

-

43
2
41

_

-

52
1
51

7
7

21
14
7

25
12
13
7

102
50
52
31

42
11
31
12

66
39
27
6

30
10
20
6

27
25
2

4
4
-

9
9
-

2
1
1
1

-

-

10
8
2
2

-

-

-

-

'

-

“

-

-

-

'

19
9
10
3

~

_
"

_
_

.
-

2

2
2

22

26
25

21
20

37
33

-

7
6

5
5

7

2
1

1

4

-

-

-

-

2

"

-

“

3
3

2

22

-

15
15

24
24

8
8

10
9

1

-

3

5

-

2

2

34
13
21

25

12

6

16

9

3

2

5

5
7

-

8
8

9
9

3
3

2
2

-

-

-

1
1

2

-

4
4

1
1

10

9

-

2

-

37

34

-

2

2

19

38
16

10

9

27

35

15

22

-

-

-

-

-

3

8

20
13

9

26

34

14

9

13

7

10

29

6
1

6
6

8

"

_

9
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en-----Continued

(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, B altim ore, Md. , N ovem ber 1962)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry div isio n

of

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

t
$
$
S
Weekly , 3 5 . 0 0 4 0 . 0 0 4 5 . 0 0 5 0 . 0 0
earnings 1
(Standard) under

Weeklyj
hours
(Standard)

4 0 ,0 0

4 5 .0 0

_

_

-

-

5 0 .0 0 5 5 .0 0

$
s
5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0

s
6 5 .0 0

S
7 0 .0 0

S
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

S
9 0 .0 0

s

6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

10 0 .0 0 1 0 5 0 0 1 1 0 .0 0

125

118
73
45

s
s
9 5 .0 0 100J00 1 0 5 .0 0

$
$
S
S
S
$
s
1 1 0 )0 0 1 1 5 0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 0 0

$

“
1 1 5 0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 0 0 1 3 0 0 0 1 3 5 0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 0 0 1 5 0 0 0 1 5 5 0 0

and
over

Wom en— Continued
T ypists, cla s s A ------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonm anufacturing ----------------------------------------T^nKl-ir* n t i l i t i pc^

F in a n ce 2

-------------------------------------------------------

T ypists, c la s s B __________________________________
M anufacturing --------- ----------------------Nonm anufacturing ------------------------------

755
401
354

39. o
40. 0
38. 5

7 9 . 00
6 7 . 00

64
187

38. 5
38. 0

6 3 . 50
6 3 . 00

1 ,3 3 7

39. 0
3 9 .5

6 0 . 50
7 0 . 50

38. 5
40. 0
40. 0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

56.
65.
65.
55.
55.

W holesale trade _______________ ___
Retail trade _______________________

429
908
27
54
112

F in p n r p ^

701

P i i V»1i r n f i l i t i pc^

1
2
3

$ 7 3 . 50

00
00
00
50
00

-

-

1
1

_

_
_

_
_

6
-

34
-

6

34
1
2i

-

-

171
171

_
18
153

99
18
81
31
47

331
35
296

242

9
41
246

6
31

69
173
2

129

84
32
52
6

59
66
8

72

9

41

42
140
63
77
1

46
33
13
1

71

17

68
3

8
9

4
4
-

19
10

8
8

_

_

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
70
63
7

73
73
-

6
6
-

2
2
-

-

1

-

1

11
2
5

29
11
7
2
7

_

2
2

9

44
26
18

39
10

12
64

36
14

8
7

28

217
82
135
13
15
5
96

50

50
22

6
1

-

-

-

-

1

_

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek for which em ployees re ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa laries and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
T ran sp ortation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public utilities.

N OTE: As in the past, data do not include railroad s.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, B altim ore, Md. , N ovem ber 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF -

o
o

O

*95.00 1 0 0 0 0 10500 1 1 0 0 0 *11500 *12000 *12500 *13000 *13500 *140.00 *4500 150.00 15500 160.00 17000 180.00 190.00
55.00
&5.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00
and
under
60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 10500 110.00 115.00 1 2 0 0 0 125.00 130.00 13500 140.00 14500 150.00 155.00 160.00 170.00 180.00 19000 2 0 0 0 0
o

Weekly ,
earnings 1
(Standard)

o

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

o

Number
of

Cm*
T *

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

Men
D raftsm en, lea d er ---------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------

66
66

39. 5
39. 5

D raftsm en, sen ior --------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------- -------Nonm anufacturing ___________________

878
712
166

40.0
40. 0
40. 0

126.00
128.50
114.50

D raftsm en, ju n ior ----------------------K/fa■nnfa rfn ring

236
190

40. 0
40. 0

92. 50
96. 00

92
92

40. 0
40. 0

71. 50
71. 50

137
108

39. 5
40. 0

103.50
106.00

T racers

--------

_________________________________

X /fa n n fa r f n r i n g

1
1

$165.50
165.50
_

_

_

-

-

-

4
3
3

-

-

2
1

8

18
18

37
37

_
14

2
2

12

10

5

10
10

11
11

1

4

-

2

7
7
32
29

_

18

1

17
13
4

20

33

29

22

21

21
21

35
35

1
-

10
8

48
28

3
3

3
3

4
4

10

5

7

16
13

15
13

6
6

5
5

5
5

3
3

5
5

6
6

19
19

9
9

6
6

73
65

38
38
-

27
27
-

66
66

18
18
-

31
26
5

8
8

2
2

8

/ 53
48
5

-

-

_
-

6
6

2
2

94
78

145

76

1 20

38

95
69
26

16

25

66
10

21
21

9
9

9
9

5
5

2
2

11
11

1
1

3

59
21

3
3

11

1
1

W omen
N urses, industrial (re g is te re d ) ________
M anufacturing ------------------------------------

_
-

_

1

8
6

33
29

15
11

2

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek for which em ployees receive their regular straigh t-tim e sala rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
NOTE:

A s in the p a s t, d a ta d o n ot in c lu d e r a il r o a d s .




-

10
Table A-3.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , B a lt i m o r e , M d. , N o v e m b e r 1962)

O ccupation and industry division

Num ber
of

w eekly'
earnings
(Stan dard)

105
62

$ 7 0 .5 0
7 0. 50

87

6 4. 50

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs , cla ss A ________
M anufacturing ___________________________________

127
78

7 8. 50
8 3 . 50

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs , cla ss B ________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________
W holesale trade ______________________________
R etail trade __________________________________
F in a n ce 2 _______________________ ______________

537
492
64
79
324

59.
57.
6 3.
58.
55.

C lerks, accounting, cla ss A ______________________
M anufacturing ___________________________________
N onm anufacturing ----------------------------------------------R etail trade __________________________________
F in a n ce 2 _____________________________________

783
345
438
75
164

_________

C lerk s, accounting, cla s s B ______________________
M anufacturing ___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________
W holesale trade ______________________________
R etail trade __________________________________
Finance 2 _____________________________________

1 ,4 0 7
Z291, 178
183
211
273

00
50
00
50
00

1 0 0 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0
8 9. 00
7 6 . 00
8 6. 50
7 2.
8 4.
7 0.
9 6.
6 0.
6 1.

50
00
50
50
00
00

C lerks, file , cla s s A ---------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ______________________________
F in a n ce 2 _____________________________________

143
111
79

6 9. 50
6 7. 50
6 5. 00

C lerks, file , cla ss B _____________________ ,--------M anufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing --------- T
____________________
W holesale trade ___________________________
R etail trade _______________________________
F in a n ce 2 __________________________________

379
75
304
54
59
161

57.
65.
54.
6 0.
50.
52.

C lerk s, file , cla s s C ------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------F in a n ce 2 __________________________________

502
4 15
335

52. 50
5 1 .0 0
50. 00

C lerk s, o rd e r _______
M anufacturing ___
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade
R etail trade ___

439
90
349
121

162

7 4.
8 0.
73.
96.
6 0.

C lerks, p a y roll ____
M anufacturing _
_
Nonmanufacturing
Retail trade _

607
400
207
103

8 5.
92.
7 1.
68.

1
2
3

of
workers

earnings *
(Standard)

C om ptom eter operators --------M anufacturing -------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------Retail trade ____________

298
102
196
143

$ 7 7 .5 0
85. 00
7 4. 00
69. 50

D uplicating-m achine op erators
(M im eograph or Ditto) ---------

63

71. 50

00
50
50
50
00
50

A s in the p a s t , da ta d o not in c lu d e r a il r o a d s .




N um ber
of

workers

weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A —
Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________

147
86
61

$ 1 0 8 .5 0
112. 50
1 0 3 .0 0

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B —
Manufacturing __________________________
Nonm anufacturing ______________________
Finance 2 _____________________________

446
135
311
135

8 8 . 00
1 0 0 .5 0
8 2 . 50
7 8 . 00

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s C __
Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________
F in a n ce 2 _____________________________

251
76
175
108

7 8.
9 0.
7 2.
6 5.

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , general
Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________
W holesale trade _____________________
Finance 2 ____________________________

264
70
194
58
123

7 3 .0 0
7 5. 50
7 2. 00
9 0 . 50
6 3. 50

T yp ists, cla ss A ___________________________
Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________
Public utilities 3 _____________________
F in a n ce 2 _____________________________

759
4 05
354
64
187

73.
79.
6 7.
6 3.
6 3.

50
50
00
50
00

T yp ists, cla ss B ___________________________
Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________
Public u tilities 3 -------------------------------W holesale trade -------------------------------Retail trade _________________________
F in a n ce 2 ____________________________

1 ,3 4 4
432
912
27
54
112
701

6 0.
7 0.
56.
6 5.
6 5.
55.
55.

50
50
00
00
00
50
00

O ccupation and industry division

O ffice occu p ation s— Continued

Keypunch o p e ra to rs , cla ss A --------------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------------—
N onm anufacturing ----------------------------------------------F in a n ce 2 _____________________________________

491
174
317
111

7 4.
77.
72.
69.

Keypunch o p e ra to rs , cla ss B _____________________
M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------Retail trade __________________________________
Finance 2 _____________________________________

454
134
320
66
190

68. 00
81. 50
62. 50
6 1 .0 0
56. 50

O ffice boys and g irls ______________________________
M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufaeturing ----------------------------------------------Public utilities 3 ---------------------------------------------Finance 2 _____________________________________

324
108
216
66
120

58.
60.
56.
57.
54.

S ecre ta rie s _________________________________________
M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------P ublic utilities 3 ---------------------------------------------W holesale trade ______________________________
R etail trade ----------------------------------------------------

2, 387
1,021
1, 366
129
214
176
619

Stenographers, general
M anufacturing -------Nonmanufacturing ..
W holesale trade .
F in a n ce 2 ------------

1, 164
502
662
94
430

00
50
00
00

00
50
50
00
00

91. 00
99. 00
85. 00
1 0 1 .5 0
90. 00
7 8 . 50
7 9. 50
7 1.
78.
66.
74.
62.

50
00
50
50
00

Stenographers, sen ior —
M anufacturing _______
Nonmanufacturing ----F in a n ce 2 __________

363
217
146
66

86. 00
9 1 .0 0
77. 50
76. 50

50
50
00
50
00

Switchboard operators
M anufacturing -----N onm anufacturing .
Public utilities 3
Retail trade ----F in a n ce 2 ----------

400
122
278
34
92
64

68.
84.
62.
76.
55.
65.

50
50
00
00
00
50

00
50
50
50

Switchboard o p e ra to r -r e c e p tio n ists
M anufacturing ------------------- -------Nonmanufaeturing ______ ________
W holesale trade --------------------

368
192
176
68

70.
72.
68.
67.

00
00
00
50

Earnings relate to regular straigh t-tim e w eekly sa la rie s that are paid fo r standard w orkw eeks.
Finan ce, insurance, and real estate.
Tran sportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilities.

NOTE:

Number

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations
B ille r s , m achine (billing m achine) ________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

00
50
50
00

P ro fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations
D raftsm en, lea d er ____________
Manufacturing ______________

66
66

165. 50
165. 50

D raftsm en, sen ior ____________
Manufacturing ______________
Nonmanufacturing __________

886
716
170

1 2 6 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0

D raftsm en, junior _____________
Manufacturing ______________

244
198

92. 50
9 5. 50

N urses, industrial (re g is te re d )
Manufacturing ______________

159
130

1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0

T r a c e r s ________________________
Manufacturing ______________

92
92

7 1 . 50
7 1 . 50

11
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , B a lt im o r e , M d. , N o v e m b e r 1962)
NUM BER OF WO RK ERS RE CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E H OURLY EARN ING S OF—

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of

$
$
$
$
$
,
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average Under $1. 50 $1 . 6 0 $1.70 $1.80 $
, $
1. 90 2 . 0 0 2 . 10 2 . 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2 . 6 0 2. 70 2 . 80 2 . 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40 3. 50 $3. 60 3. 70 3. 80 3. 90
hourly ,
earnings $
and
and
1. 50 under
1 . 60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 20 2. 30 2.4 0 2. 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2 . 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40 3. 50 3. 60 3. 70 3. 80 3. 90 over
$ 2 . 80
2. 84
2 . 61

C a rp en ters, m aintenance _______________
M anufacturing ___________ ________ __
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

416
340
76

E le c tr ic ia n s , m aintenance ------------ ------M anufacturing ________________________

705
659“

2. 92
2. 94

E n gin eers, stationary ______ ___________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

460
361
99

F irem en , station ary b o ile r _____________
M anufacturing ________________________

5
5

10

-

-

7
4
3

23
7

50
46
4

24
14

37
33
4

16

19

21

39
39
-

48
48
-

-

4
4
-

4
_
4

4
4
-

_
-

_

1

l6
-

2
2

10

40
40
-

20

16

-

1

44
44

8
6

74
69

55
45

45
40

37
30

23
23

24
23

115
114

128
127

36
26

48
48

42
42

7
7

_

_

_

-

-

-

13
13

39
34
5

28
14
14

20
16

12

25
24

15
15
-

26

_
_
-

_

1

15
15
-

_
_

11

16
10

.
_

1

38
38
-

49
48~

2

70
70
-

38
27

4

9
3

17
15

13

-

1

-

12
12

-

5
-

7
4

18
18

-

9
9

21

_
-

26

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

26

12
12

_

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

52
52

9
7

17

44
44

83
67
16
4

195
164
31
31

78
78

3
3

18
18

23
23

1
1

3
3

_
_

_
_

1
1

1
1

_
_

_
_

_
_

5

17
17

2
1

1
1

10

1

-

3
3

9
9

19
19

30
30

2
2

29
29

35
35

6
6

1
1

18
18

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

3

15
14

21

78
78

41
37

13

71
69

162
161

91
90

304
295

30
30

74
74

20

18
18

4
4

.

12

84
84

8

54
16
38

4

128
4
124
124

169
24
145
141

113
17
96
79

104
32
72
30

10
6
4

25
25

_
_

_
_

3
3

22
10
12

23

27
20

22
22

3

7

"

199
199
-

164
125
39

202

20

150
89
61

127
127
-

1
1

3
3

3
3

10
10

5
5

40
40

15
15

51
51

_

_

-

1
1

_

_

7
3

-

-

-

5

-

-

2
2

“

23
8

6

15

"

1
1

28
28

17
8

17
14
3

12

4

45
43

14
13

8

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

2. 74
2. 85
2. 34

4
4

15
15

165
135

2. 47
2. 54

5
"

-

H elp ers, m aintenance trades ----------------M anufacturing __________________ __ __
Nonmanufar.tu ring
Publi c. uti 1i ti e s 1
2

642
571
71
40

2.42
2.44
2 . 26
2. 42

3
3

6
6

M ach in e-tool o p e r a to r s , to o lr o o m _____
M anufacturing ________________________

157
157

M achinists, m aintenance ________________
____
M anufacturing ________

1, 031
1, 009

3. 21
3. 21

_

M echanics, autom otive
(m aintenance) ____ ____________________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nnnma nufac.tn ri ng
P ublic u tilities 2 __________________

644
154
490
380

2.

82
2.83
82
82

-

1

-

7
3

2. 92
2 . 92

1

2

4

.

-

_

-

_

-

-

2
2

2
2

_

-

2
2

19

_

-

1, 351
1, 192
159

3. 05
3. 05
3. 03

_
-

-

_
"

M illw rights __ __
____________ ________
M anufacturing _______________ __ __ _

139
139

3. 03
3. 03

-

-

O ilers _________________ ________ ________
M anufacturing ________________________

351
344

2.71
2.71

2
2

P a in ters, m aintenance ________ ________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ____________________

208
145
63

2. 67
2. 83
2. 30

P ip efitters, m aintenance ________________
M anufacturing ________________________

540
506

2.91
2. 90

Sheet-m etal w o rk e rs , m aintenance ____
M anufacturing ________________________

148
140

8
8

392
385

3. 21
3. 21

4
13
—
4 ( n r
7

3. 00
3. 00

T ool and die m ak ers — __________________
M anufacturing ________ _____ _______

_
-

2.
2.

M echanics, m aintenance ________________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________ __

12

1
2

1

2

1

23

-

-

-

20

1

2

-

-

4
4

-

3
3

3
3

1

-

-

.

A s in the p a s t, data d o n ot in c lu d e r a il r o a d s .




1
1

2

1

19
13

125
124

1

1

6

1

-

-

-

4
4

6
6

-

-

-

4
4

10
10

6
6

7
7

8
8

29
29

25
18

21
21

47
47

41
41

13
13

36
36

33
33

41
41

24

2

10

5

6

3
7

1

-

15
13

31
23

36
35

6

4

2

8

-

19
18

4

18
13
5

1

1

9
9
-

5
5
"

16

5
7

12
8

2

-

12

1

4
4

_

_

_

2

_

_

7

75
72

73
70

117
115

30
29

68

-

90
90

21

-

17
16

10

-

6
6

10

-

2
2

-

33
32

3

8
6
2

2
2

12
12

15
14

8
8

10
10

17
17

28
21

6
6

6
6

14
14

1

2
2

15
15

19
18

37
34

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

E xcludes p rem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
T ran sp ortation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilities.

NOTE:

7

18

71
50

-

-

-

6

~~T T

187
15

71
£6 “
5

-

-

_
_
36
36
-

42
42
-

_ _
. _

_
_

12
12

21
21

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1

_ _
_ _

_

_

_
_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

_

4

49

4
4

5
5

12
12

23
23

4
4

7
7

15
nr~

86

34
34

43
43

84

_

-

4
4
-

21
21

_
_
-

12

_

1

1

74
74

-

_

_

5
5

-

-

-

48
48

1
1

4
4

2
2

-

_

12
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , B a lt im o r e , M d ., N o v e m b e r 1962)
NUM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGH T-TIM E HOURLY E A RN IN G S OF—

O ccu p ation 1 and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Average Under $0.80 $0 . 9 0 $ 1 . 0 0 $1 . 1 0 $1 . 2 0 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1 . 6 0 $ 1.70 $ 1.80 $ 1.90 $2 . 0 0 $2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $ 2.30 $ 2.40 $ 2.50 $ 2.60 $ 2.70 $ 2.80 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3.00 $ 3.10 $ 3.20
hourly
and
earnings 2 5
and
0.80 under
.90 1 . 0 0 1 . 1 0 1 . 2 0 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 over

Elevator op era tors, p assenger
(men) ___________________________________

48

$1.18

3

-

21

3

7

3

2

-

-

-

2

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Elevator op era tors, p assenger
(women) _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Retail trade ______________________

119
119
79

1.16
1.16
1.13

10
10

-

-

33
33
33

27
27
23

22
22

13
13

2
2

-

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

4
4
4

3
3

17

Guards and watchmen __________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Gup rd s ________________________ _
W atchmen ----------------- -----------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------

1,438
707
523
184
731

1.79

_
-

_
-

3
3

23
23

386
52
52
334

132
3

63
25

43

36

35
29

162
62
51

36
36

40
37

20

8

1
1
1

16
-

29
3

"

6

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

10

136
136
136
-

22
22
22

11
100

77
67
67
-

24
24
18

5
-

13
9
9
4

122
122
12 2

17
38

30
16
16
14

11

129

38
9
9
29

16
16

8

20
8
12

21

2
1

Janitors, p o rte rs , and clea n ers
(men) ----------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ___ ___________ __ __
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
P ublic utilities 3 _________________
W holesale trade __________________
Retail trade _____ _______________
F in a n ce 4 ____________ __ -------------

3, 304
1, 518
1,786
167
64
569
277

1.60
1.99
1.27
1.80

32
_
32
"

18
_
18
-

-

298
298
265

812
75
737
-

169
45
124
13
45
57

128
72
56
18
-

84
74

44
33

104
98

105

1

6

5

7

1

2
2

-

1

1

3
3

144
131
13
9
3

102

11

335
306
29
-

57
45

10

145
72
73
72
-

139
138

6
12 0
111

320
79
241
4
59
72

1

8

3
3

59
52
7
7

30
30
-

-

-

4
4
-

-

-

Jan itors, p o rte rs , and clea n ers
(women) __ _________________ ________
M anufacturing ___________________ __
Nonmanufacturing __ _______________
Retail trade _____ _______________
F in a n ce 4 _____ __ ________ _____

559
165
394
59
141

1.39
1.73
1.24

27
27
-

3
3
-

-

83
83
27
56

111

48

17
17

9
9

3
3

17
17

1
1

14
14

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

L a b orers, m aterial handling ___________
M anufacturing _________ ____ _______
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Pu blic utilities 3 ______ ____________
W holesale trade __________________
Retail trade ______________________

3, 613
2, 577
1,036
205
235
575

_
-

_
-

_
-

2

327
291
36

96
78
18

256
247
9

140
43
97

34

250

8

166

26

-

-

-

84
36
3
45

417
203
214
169
45

419
380
39
39

386
356
30
30
-

172
172
"

17
14
3
3

58
58
-

3
3
-

35
35
-

O rder fille r s ___________ _______________
M anufacturing ____________ ________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade __________________
Retail trade _____ _______________

1, 397
364
1, 033
378
641

2.08
1.85
2.16

_
-

_
-

30

2

60

2

-

_
-

28
28

-

-

-

-

2

37
28
9
9
"

_
-

2

-

173
173
18
155

2 01

-

43
5
38
34
4

2 61

-

_
-

_
-

P a ck ers, shipping (men) _______________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Retail trade ______________________

485
276
209
59

1.84
1.63

36
36
-

74
74
-

2
2

1.61

_
-

"

4
4
"

4
4
"

4
4
"

_
-

_
-

P a ck ers, shipping (women) ------------------Nonmanufacturing ________ ________

119
84

1.48
1.61

9
9

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

Receiving cle r k s ________________________
M anufacturing ______ _______________
Nonmanufacturing ________ _________
Retail trade __________________ __

259
133
126

2.33
2.40
2.26
2.24

_
-

.
-

17

24
8

_
-

-

7
7

16

18
15
3
3

1
1

-

46
14
32
23

16

10

-

-

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




88

2.2 1

2.41
1.65
1.38

1.68

1.24
1.25

1 .1 1

1.17
2 .2 0

2.30
1.97
2.52
2.1 0

1.74

2 .0 2

2.26

2.1 1

-

8

2

23

3
18
15

12

165

1 12

126

17
6

10

36
76
45

20

9
5

12
8

-

13

11

4

1

143
24
119

4
3

23
23
-

5

1

105
63
42

39

35

13

11

8

37

27

2
11

1

7

1
20

6

177
30
147

80
30
50

150

119
69
50

204
136

103
77

68

26

10
121

3
47

6

6

12

12

7

3

12

30

24

11

6

84
13

21

44

15
53

14

42
85
36
49
28
18

44
15
29

86

45

45

22

3
83
29
53

8

6

-

37
7
30

107
67
40
27

80
5
75

11

6

22
2
20

55
5
50

12

8

13

4

8

8

5
3

_
-

3

1

5
4

7
3
4

10
10

20
20

_

3
3
3

11

3

7
7

8

-

3

5

63
16
47

28
83
25
47

102

48

-

6

36
60
60
-

85
50
35

"

_
"

13

45
45
7
31

_
-

_
-

_
-

24
14

109
93

35
24

30
24

10
10

16

11

6

14

4

5

35
32
3
3

_

_

_

20
6

_

11

"

22
22

2
2

_

"

4
4

32

-

_
-

2

_
-

6
2

2
2

7
7
7

10

-

3
3
3

-

22

-

2

3

5

2

_
-

8
21

12
1

4
3

10

18

10

3

5

39
33

1

5

12

68

92
14
78
72

38

7

6

14
13

8
6
2

66

1

66

14

_

_

_

"

~

-

17
13
4
4

25
16
9
9

29
24
5
5

201

9
4
5
5

8

5
3
3

-

11

5
3

_
"
_
"
_
-

13
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d i v is i o n , B a lt im o r e , M d . , N o v e m b e r 1962)
NUM BER OF W ORKERS R E CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry division
2

N ber
um
of
workers

Shipping cle rk s __________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
R etail trade _______________________

248
154
94
73

Shipping and r eceiv in g c lerk s __________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade _______________________

124
54
50

192
68

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average
hourly , Under 0 . 80 0 . 9 0 1 . 00 1 . 10 1 . 20 1. 30 1. 40 1. 50 1 . 60 1. 70 1 . 80 1. 90 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 20 2. 30 2. 40 2 . 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2 . 80 2 . 9 0 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20
eam'ngs $
and
and
0 . 80 under
. 90 1. 0 0 1 . 10 1 . 20 1. 30 1. 40 1. 50 1 . 60 1. 70 1 . 80 1 . 90 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2 . 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 over
$ 2. 46
2 . 61
2 . 22
2 . 18

7
4
3
3

23
11
12
12

37
28
9
3

12
10
2
2

9
3
6
6

16

11

18
18
15

1
1

1

-

-

-

5

7
7
7
-

50

159
153

20

-

-

-

-

-

2. 33
2. 55

_

_

_

_

_

_

2 . 22
2 . 16

-

-

-

-

-

-

2. 19

-

2

2

7

"

7
13
13

-

-

2

2
2

2
2

5
5

3

6

9

3
3
-

6
6

9

8
6
2

14
14

6

-

6

-

3

2

-

11

3
6

1,888

49
2. 46
2. 51

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

33
15
18

27
27

47
47

77
77

46
19
27

34
16
18

48
44
4

38
14
24

W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade ______ _________________

783
770
286

2. 50

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
18

42

-

12
6

18

2 . 21

20

16

21
6

6
8

_
4

T r u c k d r iv e r s , light (under
IV2 tons) ____________________________
M anufacturing ____________________
Nonm anufacturing ________________

282
169
113

2. 23
2. 63
1. 63

-

-

-

-

23
5
18

9
9

1

-

16
16

18
7

1

11

9
9

929
294
635
263
182

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

-

-

-

-

5
5
-

18
18

34
34

31
31

22
12
10

-

-

-

-

-

18

6
20

12

7

2 . 69
2. 43
2. 74
2. 75

-

-

-

-

5
5
-

-

-

18
18

6

-

2. 52
60
2. 37

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

12

12

12

-

~

-

-

-

10
10

11

5

2

5

-

-

6
6

-

6

5

32
32
-

2

-

180
180
-

4
4
-

-

-

T ru ck d riv ers 6 _ .
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________

T r u c k d riv e r s , m edium (1V2 to and
including 4 tons) ____________________
M anufacturing ____________________
Nonm anufacturing ________________
P u blic u tilities 34 _______________
5
W holesale trade _______________
R etail trade ___________________

2, 777
889

160

2.

01

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (over 4 tons,
tr a ile r type) ________________________
M anufacturing ____________________
Nonm anufacturing ________________
'Pn’Klir*
^

1,084
169
915
351

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tr a ile r type) _____________
M anufacturing ____________________
Nonm anufacturing ________________

285
180
105

-

-

-

-

T r u c k e r s , pow er (forklift) ______________
M anufacturing ______________ ^________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
R etail trade _______________________

1,600
1,471
129
76

2. 57
2. 58
2. 46
2 . 60

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

306
303

2. 47
2. 47

"

“

-

■

T r u c k e r s , pow er (other than
fork lift)
M anufacturing _______________________

1
1

A s in the p a s t , datta d o n ot in clu d e r a il r o a d s .




1
1

8
6
2
2

_
_

22

_
_

_
-

9
9
3

53
37
16
4

2
2

1

-

“

6

12

26
26
14
-

-

-

-

_
_
-

87
24
63

153
31

95

363

1 22
7

17
17
-

14
14
-

_
_
_

_

I

1

73
19
54
"

1014
294
720
646
15
59

134

6

33
9
24
8

_

20

6

15

6

1

39
4

"

11

32
3
29

12

-

-

4
4

-

1
1

10
10

11

25
16
9

44
43

25
14

13
5

64

81
75

30
9

11

8

43

6

6

3

-

5

6

-

2

1

1

7
-

87
7
80
80

4

37

6

21
8
12
1

16
16
15

45

21

1

-

4

2

1

-

6

3

2

5
5
-

-

65
65
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
9

521

1
1

16
16
-

1

37

-

16
15

3
3

1

34
-

TT

20

1
1

16
3

—

_

6
6

37

1

114

22

-

_

20

86

114

277

66

277
-

_

48

127
127

2
2

7
7

-

-

-

30
30
30
-

347
74
273
255
18

_

8
8

-

_

-

-

4
4
_
-

23

441
36
405
351

114

1
22

98

296
19
277

-

_

-

-

1

44
_
44

3
3

18
9
9

40
3
37

44
9
35

-

29

12
10
2

81
39
42

16
16

24
24
-

13
13
~

-

18

73
70
3

-

-

13
13
-

-

2
2

21
21

-

70
70
-

56
42
14

61
44
17

132
89
43
43

272
264

-

8
8

253
219
34
18

180
180
-

129
129
-

95
95
-

30
30
-

49
49
-

6

-

-

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except where otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes p rem iu m pay fo r ove rtim e and for w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
T ran sp ortation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Finan ce, in su ran ce, and r e a l estate.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 4 at $ 3. 40 to $ 3. 50; 8 at $ 3. 50 to $ 3. 60; and 9 at $ 3. 60 to $ 3. 70.
Includes all d r iv e r s re g a r d le s s o f size and type of truck operated.

NOTE:

-

23

1

-

232
74
158
74
35
49

'

1
2
3
4
5
6

6

16
6
6

13
13

10
10

23
23

12
12

1
1

37
37

3
3

11

1

-

22

15

76
24
52

2.

"

21

2

6
6

9

31
18
36
73
29

18

2

~

2
1

2
2

'

64
82
6
82 ---- 64- ------ T

'

16

-

-

_
-

32
32

16

16

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is trib u tio n of e s ta b lis h m e n ts studied in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y m in im um entran ce s a la r y fo r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s , B a lt im o r e , M d., N ov e m b e r 1962)
O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

In e x p e rie n ce d typ ists
M anufacturin g
M inim um w eek ly s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r y 1

M an u factu rin g

N onm anufacturing

B a sed on standard w e e k ly hours 3 of—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
in d u strie s
A ll
s ch e d u le s

40

195

75

XXX

27

98

37

1
5
4
7
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
-

3
22
6
18
7
15
2
9
4
1
1
2
1
3
4

_
3
8
4
5
1
5
2
1
1
3
4

XXX

XXX

48

XXX

XXX

49

A ll
sch e d u le s

40

A ll
sch e d u le s

37V 2

40

195

75

XXX

120

XXX

XXX

88

38

32

50

12

1
11
10
15
9
10
5
8
2
3
2
2
2
3
5

_
3
5
4
3
4
6
1
1
1
1
1
3
5

_
3
5
2
2
3
5
1
1
1
1
3
5

1
8
10
10
5
7
1
2
1
2
1
1
1
-

_
1
5
2
1
2
1
-

E sta b lish m en ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m ____ ______

38

20

XXX

18

E sta b lish m en ts w hich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y ________________________________

69

17

XXX

52

E sta b lish m en ts studied

______________________________________

E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m
$ 4 0 .0 0
$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 50.00
$ 52.50
$ 55.00
$ 57.50
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 62.50
$ 65.00
$ 67.50
$ 70.00
$ 72.50
$ 75.00
$ 77.50
$ 80.00
$ 82.50

1
2
3

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 50.00
$ 52.50
$ 55.00
$ 57.50
$ 60.00
$ 62.50
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 67.50
$ 70.00
$ 72.50
$ 75.00
$ 77.50
$ 80.00
$ 82.50
$ 85.00

____________

______ ______________________
________________________________
________________________________
_______________________________
______________________ ______
___ __ __ ___________________
............................................................
_________________________
______ ________________________
___ ________ _________________
___ ___________________________
________ ___ _________________
________________________________
_____________________________
______________________ ___
________________________________
_____________ _________________
___ __ ________________________

__________

A s in the p a st, data do not in clu d e r a ilr o a d s .




A ll
s c h e d u le s

3 71/z

40

120

XXX

XXX

33

61

13

35

_
3
7
3
4
5
2
1
1
3
4

3
19
6
10
3
10
1
4
2
1
1
1
-

_
4
3
2
1
3
-

3
10
3
6
1
3
1
3
2
1
1
1
-

23

XXX

25

XXX

XXX

15

XXX

34

XXX

XXX

T h ese s a la r ie s re la te to f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m startin g (h irin g) r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s that a re paid f o r standard w o rk w e e k s .
E x clu d es w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r o r o f fi c e g ir l.
Data a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a ll standard w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n standard w o rk w e e k s re p o rte d .

N O T E:

N onm an u factu rin g

B a s e d on stan dard w e e k ly h ou rs 3 o f -




Table B-2.

Shift Differentials

(Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa c tu r in g plant w o r k e r s b y type and am ount of d iffe r e n t ia l,
B a lt im o r e , M d ., N o v e m b e r 1962)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts having f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

S e co n d sh ift
w o rk

T h ird o r o th e r
sh ift w o rk

A c t u a lly wo rk in g on—

S e co n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

8.4

_______ _____________________________________

86.4

83.2

17.1

W ith s h ift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l _ __ -------------------------

83.9

82.7

15.9

8.2

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r) ____________________

51.9

50.7

10.3

6.5

2 c e n t s _________________________________ __
4 c e n t s _____________________________________
5 c e n ts ------- ----------------------------------------------6 c e n ts _____________________________________
7 c e n t s _____________________________________
8 c e n t s _______________ ____________________
9 c e n t s _______________ ____________ ______
10 c e n ts ________________________ _____ —
1 1 c ent s ____ ______________________________
12 c e n ts ___________________________________
121/2 c e n ts _ ________ ____________ ______
13 c e n ts ____________________________________
132/ 3 ce n ts ____ ___________________________
14 c e n ts ___________________________________
15 c e n ts ___________________________________
16 c e n ts and o v e r ____________________ __

.3
.8
6.5
5.7

T o ta l

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e __________________

-

29.0
.6
4.9
2.3
.3
1.3
-

-

_
-

1.2
.8
3.4
3.2
3.3
2.8
27.4
1.6
-

.6
3.3
3.0

(2)
.2
1.0
1.2
6.7
.2
.6
.1
.1
.2

-

.2
(2 )
.2
.3
.4
4.8
.2
-

-

.1
(2 )
.3

4 .5

1.7

-

______

27.9

5 p e r c e n t ___________________________________
6 p e r c e n t ______________________ - ___________
7 p e r c e n t _________ _______________________
7 V 2 p e r c e n t _______________________________
10 p e r c e n t _ ______________________ __ —
15 p e r c e n t _________________________________

4 .4
1.0
5.2
.5
16.7
-

1.0
5.2
.5
20.1
1.1

(2 )
.8
.1
3.1
~

( 2)
1.7
(2 )

—

4.1

4.1

1.1

-

W ith no s h ift pay d iffe r e n t ia l -----------------------------

2.6

1.0

1.1

.2

O th e r f o r m a l p a y d iffe r e n t ia l

__________

27.9
-

0

-

1 In c lu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g late s h ifts , and e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts
e v e n though th ey w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts .
2 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t.

16
Table B-3.

Scheduled W eekly Hours

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , B a l t i m o r e , M d . , N o v e m b e r 1962)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PL AN T W O RK ERS

W eek ly h ou rs
Manufacturing

Public
utilities2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

2
3
7
17
3

1
1
1
10
5
80

All
,
industries 4

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

U nder 35 h ou rs ------------------------------------------------------------------------35 h ou rs __________________________________________
O ver 35 and under
lz h o u rs _________________
37 l / z h ou rs ___________________________________ —
O ver 3 7 V 2 and under 40 h ou rs _______________________
40 h ou rs __________________________________________________________
O ver 40 and under 44 h ou rs ___________________________
44 h ou rs __________________________________________________________
O ver 44 and under 48 h o u rs - __________________________
48 h ou rs __________________________________________________________
O ver 48 h ou rs ________________________________________________

A ll w o r k e r s

1
2
3
4
5

66

-

( 5)
1

3

(!)

-

( 5)

-

(*)

Finance3

All
.
industries4

M anufacturing

Public
u tilities2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

4

9
24
31

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

29
2
69

( 5)
_
2
4
10
84

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

6
86

2

In clu d es data f o r s e r v ic e s in a d d ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T ra n sp o rta tio n (e x c lu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er pu b lic u tilit ie s .
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
In clu d es data f o r r e a l e state and s e r v ic e s in a d d ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.

N O T E:




A s in the p a st, data do not in clu d e r a ilr o a d s .

-

36

1
( 5)
1
3
3
82
1
1
4
4
( 5)

1
5
1

_

-

-

100

1
1
3

-

88
_

-

12

6

2

_

_

12

86

_

11
70
1
_

17
Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , B a l t i m o r e , M d . , N o v e m b e r 196 2)

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o r k e r s

All
j
industries

______________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
p aid h o lid a y s ___________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no p aid h o lid a y s ________________________________

M
anufacturing

Public 2
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 3

All 4
industries

M
anufacturing

Public 2
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

96

98

100

100

94

-

-

4

2

-

-

6

63
3
28
7
-

(5)
_
4
2
3
54
28
( 5)
2
3
1
-

4
2
13
46
_
_
35

4
4
7
7
35
35
92
94
98
98
98
98

-

-

.

.
5
3
2
40
( 5)
43

-

N um ber o f d a y s

L e s s than 5 h o lid a y s ___ _____ __ ------------------5 h o lid a y s ________________________________________
5 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf days _____________________
6 h o lid a y s ________________________________________
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf day ______________________
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf days _____________________
6 h o lid a y s plu s 3 h a lf days _____________________
7 h o lid a y s ________________________________________
7 h o lid a y s plu s 1, 2, o r 6 h alf days ___________
8 h o lid a y s
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf day ______________________
8 h o lid a y s plu s 2 h alf days _____________________
9 h o lid a y s ____________________________________ __
9 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h alf day ______________ _____
10 h o lid a y s _______________________________ _____
11 h o lid a y s _____________ _______________________
11 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf day ______ ____________
12 h o lid a y s ___________________________ _________
13 h o lid a y s _______________________________________

T o ta l h o l id a y

(5)
10
2
1
(5)
22
1
29
(5)
2
6
3
20
2
1
1
( 5)

( 5)
3
2
1
1
-

3
1
2
7
1
28
58

5
11
4
15
3
27
2
3
24

-

-

-

' 5)
"

7
"

-

3
( 5)
1
17
16
12
42
6
2
1

90
97
97

.
7
7
31
31
34
36
65
65
84
95

7
7
35
37

1
3
3
9
51
63
80
80
96
97
97
97

100
100
100
100

100
100
10 0
100

100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100

-

1
1
( 5)
16
2
2
40
( 5)
26
( 5)
( 5)
2
5
1
( 5)
-

7
11
14
4
5
23
3
23
2
7
-

_

-

-

-

1
-

-

"

_
_
_
35
35
35
35
81
81
96
96

_
1
1
1
1
8

68

100
100
100
100

100
100

61
1
_
_
14
17
_
_
_
_
_
_

t im e 6

13 days ___________________________________________
12 o r m o r e 'days
I I V 2 o r m o r e days ______________________________
11 o r m o r e days
10 o r m o r e days ________________________________
9 V 2 o r m o r e days
9 o r m o r e days __________________________________
8 V 2 o r m o r e days
8 o r m o r e days _________________________________
7 V 2 o r m o r e days
7 o r m o r e days ______________________________ __
61/2 o r m o r e days
__
6 o r m o r e days ___________________________ „
5 o r m o r e days
.
...........
4 o r m o r e days __
1 o r m o r e days
_

(5)
1
2
4
24
27
33
35
64
64
86

90
99
100
100
100

_
1
1
3
3
6
7
50
50
93
95
100
100
100
100

( 5)
_
( )
( 5)
59
59
59
59
88

_
( 5)
1
5
5
7
7
33
34
74
78
94
95
96
96

10

33
36
64
93
93

.
_
_
_
_
17
17
32
33
94
94
94
94

In clu d e s data f o r s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose industry d iv is io n s shown se p a r a te ly .
T r a n s p o rta tio n •(excluding r a ilr o a d s ), co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s .
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l estate.
In clu d e s data f o r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
A ll co m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and half days that add to the sa m e am oupt a r e co m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r tio n of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total o f 7 days in clu d e s those
w ith 7 fu ll days and no h alf days, 6 fu ll days and 2 half d ays, 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf d a y s, and so on.
P r o p o r t io n s w e r e then cum ulated.
1
2
3
4
5
6

NOTE:




A s in the p a s t, data do not in clu d e r a ilr o a d s .

18
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s i n a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B a l t i m o r e , M d . , N o v e m b e r 1962)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All
industries1

A ll w o r k e r s

--------------

------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public
utilities2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
( 5)

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

All
.
industries4

100

M anufacturing

Pu blic 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100
91
9
-

100
100
-

100
92
8
-

100
100
-

_

2
16
4

40
9
-

4
80
13
3
-

M e th o d of p a y m e n t

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s ----------------------------------------------------L e n g th -o f-tim e paym ent -------------------------------P e r c e n ta g e paym en t --------------------------------------F la t -s u m paym ent -------------------------- -------------O ther ___________________________ _____________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid v a ca tio n s -----------------------------------------------

99
92
6
( 5)
1

A m ount of v a c a tio n p a y 6

A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e

U nder 1 w eek _____________________________________
1 w eek ____________________________________ — ----O v er 1 and under 2 w eeks _______________________
2 w eeks ______________________________________ ___

"

4
46
41
9

19
9
2
■

17
6
1
"

38
2
“

_

.

.

1
99
-

"

1
78
6
13
1
■

.

83
9
8
“

2
75
6
14
( 5)
1
( 5)

.

15
85
-

58
39
3
"

62
38
"

_

12

( 5)

96
-

91
-

88
-

99
-

58
17
23
-

-

_

_

( 5)
50
12
34
( 5)

_

9

-

12
85
3

7
44
15
2

5
48
5

.

.

20
7
72
( 5)

14
15
71
"

35
65
-

6
18
75
-

4

2

66
1
-

5
26
17
~

36
9
-

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e

U nder 1 w eek _____________________________________
1 w eek ______________________ __ ________ — ----O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ------------------------------- i ~
2 w eek s __ ____________ ______ _______________ ______
O v er 2 and under 3 w eek s _______________________
3 w eeks ____________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s _______________________

-

_

“

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

U nder 1 w eek _____________________________________
1 w eek ____________________________________ ______
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks _______________ _____
2 w eek s ____________________________________ ______
O v er 2 and under 3 w eeks _______________________
3 w eeks ____________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s _______________________

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b l e ,




.

5
7
86
( 5)
1

_

_

_

2

( 5)

2

57
43
-

38
4
59
_
_

19
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations— Continued

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B a l t i m o r e , M d . , N o v e m b e r 1 962)

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n

All
industries 1

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities 2

W
holesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance 3

All 4
industries

_
7
1
93
"

_
-

( 5)
16
31
50
( 5)
2
( 5)

_
17
42
39
2
-

_
2
95
3
'

_
25
27
48
_

_
10
9
80
_

“

-

( 5)
14
30
52
( 5)
2
( 5)

_
15
41
42
2
~

_
2
95

_
25
27
48

_
10
9
80

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities 2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

p a y 6-------C o n tin u e d

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k ____________________________________
1 w e e k ____________________________________________
O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eek s ____ _____ ______________________________
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w eek s _____ ___________________________________
O v er 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ______________________

3
1
92
( 5)
3
-

3
3
90
4
"

1
99
-

6
94
-

"

■

_
3
1
93
( 5)
3
~

_
2
3
91
4
“

_
1
99
■

.
6
94
-

_
99
-

_
100
“

3
96
1
1
-

_
90
6
5
"

5
2
88
2
2
( 5)

4
92
2
2
_

_
34
3
62

2
47
1
50

_
74

3
38
33
26

-

-

4
1
40
23
30
( 5)
( 5)

4
1
33
27
34

( 5)
99
■

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ____ ______________________________
1 w eek ____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eek s _______ ___________________ ____________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w eek s _______ __ ______________________________
O v er 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s ______________________

_
7
93
-

_
( 5)
99
-

"

-

-

-

3
"

“

"

_
97
3
"

7
93
-

8
9
81
2

_
78

7
41
27
25
-

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eek s ___________________________________________
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w eek s ___________________________________________
O v er 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s ______________________

1
-

92
2
5
~

( 5)
95
5

( 5)

“

A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eek s _ _____ _________________________________
O v er 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ___________________ _
3 w eek s ____________________________ ____________
O v er 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s ______________________
4 w eek s ___________________________________________

1
55
9
36

( 5)
40
20
40

_
96
-

4

-

26

-

-

-

-

"

“

"

-

■

1
48
8
44
-

( 5)

_
89
11
-

_
26
1
73
-

2
45
1
52
-

_
74
26
-

-

20

-

-

-

2

3
29
38
30
-

_
69
29
2

7
4
30
-

59
-

A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and und er 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eek s _______
______
________________
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s
3 w eek s _
_
O v er 3 and und er 4 w e e k s ______________________
4 w eek s

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b le ,




( 5)

26
17
56
-

0
( 5)

7
30
27
35
-

7
4
29
60
-

20
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations— Continued

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B a l t i m o r e , M d . , N o v e m b e r 1962)

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n

All
,
industries 1

Manufacturing

1

(5 )

-

-

Public 2
utilities

W
holesale
trade

3
97
-

-

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance 3

All
.
industries *

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

p a y 6 -------C o n t in u e d

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek ------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w eek s ---------------------------------2 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------O v er 2 and u nd er 3 w ee k s ______________________
3 w eek s ___________________________________________
O v er 3 and u nd er 4 w eek s ---------------------------------4 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------------

-

7
92
-

2

1

1

(5 )
7

11

(5)
86

2
21

79
-

-

20
1

77
"

.
14
81
5

4

.

1

3
-

14

12

-

2

3
81
-

98
-

1

1

2

4

3

.

1

-

-

14

12
2
66

-

77
(5)

-

7
25
68

-

7
4
17
72
-

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek ------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w ee k s ---------------------------------2 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------O v er 2 and under 3 w eek s ______________________
3 w eek s ----------------------------------------------------------------O v er 3 and under 4 w eek s ---------------------------------4 w eek s ___________________________________________

10

(5 )
71
(5)
17

-

69
1
22

2

3

-

-

21

9
79
13

-

20
1

90
7

35
44

69
9

3
3
94

15
32

-

-

2

7
25

7
4
16

-

-

-

70
30

50
18

50

2

12
2

.
-

26
18
34

28
26
28

7
23
24

99

1

1

60
(5)
19

18

23

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek ____________________________________________
O ver 1 and u nd er 2 w ee k s ---------------------------------2 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------O v er 2 and under 3 w eek s ---------------------------------3 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------O v er 3 and under 4 w ee k s ---------------------------------4 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------O v er 4 w eek s -------------------------------------------------------

1

_
8

(5)
40
6

44
(5 )

(5 )
7
45
14
32
1

4

2

2

51

20
1

31
_
47

5
52
43

1

14

3
-

1

20

25

7
4
16
33
40

1 In clu des data f o r s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in du stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n sp o rta tio n (e x clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilit ie s .
3 F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te.
4 Inclu des data fo r r e a l e state and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in du stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
6 In clu des paym en ts o th e r than "le n g th o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual ea rn in gs o r fla t-s u m paym en ts, c o n v e r te d to an equ iva len t tim e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le,
a paym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in gs w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w ere a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and d o not n e c e s s a r il y r e f l e c t the in divid u al
p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the changes in p r o p o r t io n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e includ e chan ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s a r e cu m u la tiv e . Thus, the p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a fte r 5 y e a r s in clu d e s those who r e c e iv e 3 w eek s' pay o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
NOTE:




A s in the p a st, data do not in clu d e r a ilr o a d s .

21
Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p rov id in g
health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n b e n e f it s , 1 B a lt im o r e , M d. , N o v e m b e r 1962)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T WORKERS

T yp e o f b e n e fit
All
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 3

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 4

All
5
industries 3

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 3

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

L ife in s u r a n c e _______________________________
A c c id e n t a l d eath and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u r a n c e ___________________________________
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce or
s ic k le a v e o r b o t h 6 ________________________

97

99

100

95

76

99

89

98

98

79

45

61

33

46

34

29

43

49

45

33

22

84

96

97

82

82

63

9°

96

100

68

79

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce _______
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aitin g p e r io d ) __________________________
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay or
w aitin g p e r io d ) __________________________

43

75

6

31

38

7

72

91

30

43

31

53

46

95

61

19

56

10

1

68

21

12

12

20

2

6

32

-

15

8

17

10

44

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e __________________
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e __________________________
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e ___________________________
C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e ______________________
R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n _________________________
No h ealth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n plan ------

77
79
53

86
88

71
71
64
92
91

95
93
59
56

62
62
47
57

66

69
69
56

88

4

1

74
74
31
19
43
18

40
40
24

86

75
76
35
23
80
4

88

70
55
81
87

A ll w o r k e r s

______________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts pro v id in g :

66
88
1

51
54
90

3

89
37
21

68

85

98

(

62

16

78
9

1 In clu d es th o se p lan s fo r w h ich at le a s t a part o f the c o s t is bo rn e by the e m p lo y e r , ex ce p tin g on ly le g a l re q u ir e m e n ts such as w o r k m e n 1'’ '’ ^ ^ o e n s a tio n , s o c ia l
s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
2 In clu d e s data fo r s e r v ic e s in add ition to those in du stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n s p o r ta tio n (e x clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l estate.
5 In clu d e s data fo r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
6 U n d u p lica ted to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ick leave o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce show n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w .
S ick le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to th ose w h ich d e fin ite ly
e s t a b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m num ber o f d a y s ' pay that can be e x p e c te d by e a ch e m p lo y e e .
In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an in divid u al b a s is a r e exclu d ed .

NOTE:




A s in the p a s t, data do not in clu d e r a ilr o a d s .




Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C l a s s A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (h illin g m a c h in e )—U s e s a special billing m
a
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which art
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C l a s s B —Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h in e )—U s e s a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C l a s s A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

23

24

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G -C o n tin u e d

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C l a s s B—
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C l a s s A—
In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.

B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.
C la ss

C L E R K , ORDER

Receives customers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve a n y c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.
C la ss




C —Performs

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto;
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

25

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C la ss

/l —
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C la ss B —
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and



SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

26

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERA TOR-Continued
C l a s s C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C l a s s A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
D o e s n o t in c lu d e working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations a n d day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C l a s s B —Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive a-ccounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

C l a s s A—
Performs o n e o r m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources o r responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

C l a s s B —Performs o n e o r m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

27

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a c o m b in a ­
tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employee s ’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal PDprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a l s o supervise these operations. H e a d or c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h •
m e n ts e m p lo y i n g m ore than o n e e n g i n e e r are e x c l u d e d .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricatingoils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

29

M ACH IN IST, M A IN T E N A N C E —C on tin u ed

M ILLW RIG H T

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the wort of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and- experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making nil necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
.experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose p rim a r y d u t i e s involve setting up or adjusting machines.



OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of.mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints ajnd redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work i n v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain,
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to;
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-!
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

30

P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E —C on tin u ed

S H E E T -M E T A L W O RK ER, M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. W o rk ers p rim a rily e n g a g e d in in s t a l li n g a n d

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

r ep a irin g b u ild in g s a n it a t io n or h e a tin g s y s t e m s are e x c l u d e d .

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gkge maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. I n c l u d e s g a t e -




m en w h o are s t a t i o n e d at g a te a n d c h e c k o n i d e n t i t y o f e m p l o y e e s €tnd
o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

31

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve

a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and m a y i n v o l v e o n e or m ore o f
the f o l l o w i n g : Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a ke
w o o d e n b o x e s or c r a t e s a re e x c l u d e d .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve
in g :

o n e or m o re o f th e f o l l o w -

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow.

L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h i p s are e x c l u d e d .

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
p in g

w ork

routes,

in v o lv e s :

S h ip ­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation and rates; and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
w ork

in v o lv e s:

May

R e c e iv in g

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers* orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R e c e i v i n g c le r k
S h ip p in g c le r k
S h ip p in g an d r e c e i v i n g c le r k

32

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r i v e r -s a l e s m e n a n d o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

are e x c l u d e d .

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:

T ru ck er, p o w e r (fo r k l if t )
T ru c k er, p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k l if t )

T r u c k d r iv e r ( c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r iv e r , l i g h t (u n d e r iy 2 t o n s )

WATCHMAN

T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m ( l l2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
/
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , tra iler t y p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r




4

t o n s , o th e r than tr a ile r t y p e )

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102