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Occupational Wage Survey

BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS
OCTOBER 1962

Hu I le t i

No. 1345-15




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey

BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS




OCTOBER 1962

Bulletin No. 1345-15
January 1963

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

Fo r sale by the Superintendent of Documents; U .S . Government Printing O ffic e , W ashington 2 5 , D.C .

Price 25 cents




C o n ten ts

P r e fa c e

P age
T h e L a b o r M a rk e t O c c u p a tio n a l W age S u rv e y P r o g r a m
E ig h ty - tw o la b o r m a r k e ts c u r r e n tly a r e in c lu d e d
in th e B u r e a u of L a b o r S ta tis tic s p r o g r a m of a n n u a l o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m a jo r la b o r m a r k e ts . T h e s e
s tu d ie s p ro v id e d a ta on o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s an d r e la te d
s u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e f its . In fo rm a tio n on r e la te d s u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e f its is o b ta in e d b ie n n ia lly in m o s t of th e
la b o r m a r k e ts .
A p r e l im in a r y r e p o r t w h ic h p r e s e n ts e a r n in g s
tr e n d s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s an d a v e ra g e e a r n ­
in g s in s e le c te d jo b s is r e le a s e d w ith in a m o n th a f te r th e
c o m p le tio n of th e s tu d y in e a c h a r e a . T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s a d d itio n a l d a ta n o t in c lu d e d in th e p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t .

1
4

T a b le s :
1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e of s u rv e y ______________
2. P e r c e n ts of in c r e a s e in s ta n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s an d
s tr a ig h t - ti m e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d
o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , fo r s e le c te d p e r io d s _______________________
3. In d e x e s of s ta n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s an d s tr a ig h t - ti m e
h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s _______________

3
5
5

T h is b u lle tin w a s p r e p a r e d in th e B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in B o s to n , M a s s ., by L eo E p s te in , u n d e r
th e d ir e c t io n of P a u l V. M u lk e rn , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r fo r W a g e s an d I n d u s tr ia l R e la tio n s .

A: O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :*
A -1 . O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s —m e n an d w o m e n __________________________
A -2 . P r o f e s s io n a l an d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m e n
an d w o m e n ______________________________________________________
A -3 . O ffic e , p r o f e s s io n a l, a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —
m e n an d w o m e n c o m b in e d ___________________________________
A -4 . M a in te n a n c e an d p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s ____________________
A -5 . C u s to d ia l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s _____________

10

B: E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c ti c e s an d s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p ro v is io n s :*
B - l . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s
B -2 . S h ift d if f e r e n tia ls _______________________________________________
B -3 . S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ________________________________________
B -4 . P a id h o lid a y s ____________________________________________________
B -5 . P a id v a c a tio n s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------B -6 . H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n p la n s _______________________

16
17
18
19
20
22

A p p e n d ix : O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s _______________________________________

A tw o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle tin is is s u e d a f te r th e
c o m p le tio n of a l l of th e a r e a b u lle tin s fo r a ro u n d of s u r v e y s (fo r th e c u r r e n t ro u n d of s u r v e y s , th e f i r s t p a r t of
th is b u lle tin w ill b e a v a ila b le la te in 1963 and th e s e c o n d
p a r t e a r l y in 1964). T h e f i r s t p a r t p r e s e n ts in d iv id u a l
la b o r m a r k e t d a ta . T h e se c o n d p a r t p r e s e n ts d a ta r e la tin g
to a l l m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s in th e U n ited S ta te s .




In tro d u c tio n -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W age tr e n d s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s ____________________________

23

* N O T E : S im ila r ta b u la tio n s a r e a v a ila b le fo r o th e r m a jo r a r e a s .

(S ee in s id e b a c k c o v e r.)

C u r r e n t r e p o r t s o n o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s an d s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r a c ti c e s in th e B o s to n a r e a
a r e a ls o a v a ila b le fo r m a c h in e ry in d u s tr ie s (M a rc h 1962). U nion s c a l e s , in d ic a tiv e of p re v a ilin g p ay
le v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le fo r th e fo llo w in g tr a d e s o r in d u s tr ie s : B u ild in g c o n s tr u c tio n , p rin tin g , l o c a l - t r a n s i t
o p e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s , an d m o to r tr u c k d r i v e r s an d h e lp e r s .

iii

6
11
12
14




O cc u p a tio n al Wage S u r v e y —B o ston , Mass.

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 of 82 la b o r m a r k e ts in w h ic h th e U . S. D e ­
p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r 's B u r e a u of L a b o r S ta tis tic s c o n d u c ts s u rv e y s
of o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s an d t-e la te d w ag e b e n e fits on a n a re a w id e
b a s is . In th is a r e a , d a ta w e re o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v is i ts of B u ­
r e a u fie ld e c o n o m is ts to r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix
b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s : M a n u fa c tu rin g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a ­
tio n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u til iti e s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a i l tr a d e ; fin a n c e ,
in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s ta te ; a n d s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in d u s tr y g ro u p s
e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e ra tio n s a n d th e c o n ­
s tr u c tio n a n d e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr i e s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g fe w e r
th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e rs a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e th e y
te n d to f u r n is h in s u f f ic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d to
w a r r a n t in c lu s io n . S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p ro v id e d fo r e a c h of th e
b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

s c h e d u le s (ro u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) fo r w h ic h s tr a ig h t- tim e
s a la r ie s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s h av e
b e e n ro u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
D if fe r e n c e s in p a y le v e ls f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s in w h ich
b o th m e n a n d w o m e n a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d a r e la r g e ly due to
(l) d iff e re n c e s in th e d is tr ib u tio n of th e s e x e s a m o n g in d u s tr ie s an d
e s ta b lis h m e n ts ; (2) d if f e r e n c e s in s p e c ific d u tie s p e rf o r m e d , a lth o u g h
th e o c c u p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c l a s s if ie d w ith in th e sa m e s u rv e y
jo b d e s c rip tio n ; a n d (3) d if f e r e n c e s in le n g th of s e r v ic e o r m e r it
r e v ie w w h e n in d iv id u a l s a la r ie s a r e a d ju s te d on th is b a s is . L o n g e r
a v e ra g e s e r v ic e o f m e n w o u ld r e s u lt in h ig h e r a v e ra g e p ay w hen
b o th s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w ith in th e s a m e r a te ra n g e . Job d e s c r i p ­
tio n s u s e d in c la s s if y in g e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u rv e y s a r e u s u a lly m o re
g e n e r a liz e d th a n th o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts to a llo w fo r
m in o r d if f e r e n c e s am o n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c if ic d u tie s p e rf o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u rv e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts . To
o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n of
la r g e th a n o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a ta ,
h o w e v e r, a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w e ig h t. E s ­
ti m a te s b a s e d on th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n te d , th e r e f o r e ,
a s r e la tin g to a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e in d u s try g ro u p in g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r th o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s iz e s tu d ie d .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t th e to ta l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in th e s c o p e of th e s tu d y an d n o t th e n u m b e r a c ­
tu a lly s u rv e y e d . B e c a u s e of d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e
a m o n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts , th e e s tim a te s of o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ­
ta in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d i­
c a te th e r e la tiv e im p o r ta n c e o f th e jo b s s tu d ie d . T h e s e d iffe re n c e s
in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c t u r e do n o t m a t e r ia l ly a f fe c t th e a c c u ra c y of th e
e a rn in g s d a ta .

O c c u p a tio n s a n d E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c te d fo r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g a n d n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s tr ie s , a n d a r e o f th e
fo llo w in g ty p e s : (a) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (b) p r o f e s s io n a l a n d te c h n ic a l;
(c) m a in te n a n c e a n d p o w e rp la n t; a n d (d) c u s to d ia l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t. O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f ic a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo rm s e t of jo b
d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t of in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e jo b . T he o c c u p a tio n s s e le c te d fo r stu d y
a r e li s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix . E a rn in g s d a ta fo r s o m e of
th e o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r ib e d a r e n o t p r e s e n te d in th e A - s e r i e s
ta b le s b e c a u s e e i th e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n is to o s m a ll
to p ro v id e e n o u g h d a ta to m e r it p r e s e n ta tio n , o r (2) th e r e is p o s s i ­
b ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta .

E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c ti c e s a n d S u p p le m e n ta ry W age P ro v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d (in th e B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e le c te d
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c ti c e s a n d s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fits a s th e y r e la te to
o ffic e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s . T h e c o n c e p t " o ffic e w o r k e r s , " a s u s e d
in th is b u lle tin , in c lu d e s w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s a n d n o n s u p e rv is o r y
w o r k e r s p e r f o r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la te d fu n c tio n s , a n d e x c lu d e s a d ­
m in is tr a ti v e , e x e c u tiv e , a n d p r o f e s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l. " P la n t w o r k e r s "
in c lu d e w o rk in g f o r e m e n a n d a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e rs (in c lu d in g
le a d m e n a n d tr a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s . A d m in is tra tiv e ,
e x e c u tiv e , a n d p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , a n d f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c ­
tio n e m p lo y e e s w ho a r e u tiliz e d a s a s e p a r a te w o rk fo rc e a r e e x ­
c lu d e d . C a f e te r ia w o r k e r s a n d ro u te m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c ­
tu r in g in d u s tr i e s , b u t in c lu d e d a s p la n t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
in d u s tr i e s .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t a n d e a rn in g s d a ta a r e sh o w n fo r
f u ll - ti m e w o r k e r s , i. e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s if ic a tio n . E a rn in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y f o r o v e r tim e a n d fo r w o rk o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la te
s h if ts . N o n p ro d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , b u t c o s t- o f - liv in g b o n u s e s
a n d in c e n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e re w e e k ly h o u rs a r e r e ­
p o r te d , a s fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to th e w o rk




M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s (ta b le B - l ) r e l a t e o n ly to th e e s ­
ta b lis h m e n ts v is ite d . T h e y a r e p r e s e n te d in te r m s of e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith f o r m a l m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r y p o lic ie s .
1

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S h ift d if f e r e n tia l d a ta (ta b le B -2 ) a r e lim ite d to m a n u fa c tu rin g
in d u s tr ie s . T h is in fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d b o th in te r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o lic y , 1 p r e s e n te d in te r m s of to ta l p la n t w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m e n t, a n d (b) e ffe c tiv e p r a c tic e , p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f w o r k e r s a c ­
tu a lly e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c if ie d s h ift a t th e tim e o f th e s u r v e y . In
e s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g v a r ie d d if f e r e n tia ls , th e a m o u n t a p p ly in g to a
m a jo r ity w as u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p lie d to a m a jo r ity , th e c l a s ­
s ific a tio n " o th e r " w as u s e d . In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ic h s o m e la te sh ift h o u rs a r e p a id a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d if f e r e n tia l w as r e c o r d e d
o nly if it a p p lie d to a m a jo r ity of th e s h ift h o u r s .
T he s c h e d u le d h o u rs (ta b le B -3 ) o f a m a jo r ity o f th e f i r s t sh ift w o r k e r s in a n e s ta b lis h m e n t a r e ta b u la te d a s a p p ly in g to a ll of
th e p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e rs of th a t e s ta b lis h m e n t. P a id h o lid a y s ;
p a id v a c a tio n s ; a n d h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s io n p la n s (ta b le s B -4
th ro u g h B -6 ) a r e tr e a te d s ta t is t ic a ll y on th e b a s is th a t th e s e a r e
a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a jo r ity o f s u c h w o r k e r s
a r e e lig ib le o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify fo r th e p r a c ti c e s lis te d . S u m s
of in d iv id u a l ite m s in ta b le s B -2 th ro u g h B -6 m a y n o t e q u a l to ta ls
b e c a u s e of ro u n d in g .
D a ta o n p a id h o lid a y s (ta b le B -4 ) a r e lim ite d to d a ta on
h o lid a y s g ra n te d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s is ; i . e . , (l) a r e p ro v id e d
fo r in w r itte n fo rm , o r (2) h av e b e e n e s ta b lis h e d b y c u s to m . H o li­
d ay s o r d in a r ily g r a n te d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y fa ll on a
n o n w o rk d a y , e v e n if th e w o r k e r is n o t g ra n te d a n o th e r d ay o ff. T he
f i r s t p a r t of th e p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n ts th e n u m b e r o f w ho le
an d h a lf h o lid a y s a c tu a lly g ra n te d . T he s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w h o le
an d h a lf h o lid a y s to sh o w to ta l h o lid a y t i m e .
T he s u m m a r y of v a c a tio n p la n s (ta b le B -5 ) is lim ite d to
fo rm a l p o lic ie s , e x c lu d in g in fo rm a l a r r a n g e m e n ts w h e re b y tim e o ff
w ith p ay is g ra n te d a t th e d is c r e tio n of th e e m p lo y e r. S e p a r a te e s ­
tim a te s a r e p ro v id e d a c c o rd in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c tic e in c o m p u tin g
v a c a tio n p a y m e n ts , s u c h a s tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t of a n n u a l e a r n ­
in g s, o r f la t- s u m a m o u n ts . H o w e v e r, in th e ta b u la tio n s of v a c a tio n
p ay , p a y m e n ts n o t o n a tim e b a s is w e re c o n v e rte d to a tim e b a s is ;
fo r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t of a n n u a l e a rn in g s w a s c o n ­
s id e r e d a s th e e q u iv a le n t of 1 w e e k 's p ay .

D a ta a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a ll h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s io n
p la n s (ta b le B -6 ) fo r w h ich a t l e a s t a p a r t of th e c o s t is b o rn e by
th e e m p lo y e r, e x c e p tin g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's
c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r ity , a n d r a i l r o a d r e tir e m e n t . S u ch p la n s
in c lu d e th o s e u n d e r w r itte n b y a c o m m e r c ia l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y a n d
th o s e p ro v id e d th ro u g h a u n io n fu n d o r p a id d ir e c t ly b y th e e m p lo y e r
o u t o f c u r r e n t o p e ra tin g fu n d s o r f r o m a fu n d s e t a s id e fo r th is p u r ­
p o s e . D e a th b e n e fits a r e in c lu d e d a s a f o r m o f life in s u r a n c e .
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is lim ite d to th a t ty p e o f i n ­
s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to th e in s u r e d on a w e e k ly o r m o n th ly b a s is d u rin g il ln e s s o r a c ­
c id e n t d is a b ility . In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d fo r a ll s u c h p la n s to
w h ic h th e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te s . H o w e v e r, in N ew Y o rk a n d N ew
J e r s e y , w h ic h h av e e n a c te d te m p o r a r y d is a b ility in s u r a n c e la w s w h ic h
r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n tr i b u ti o n s ,2 p la n s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly if th e e m ­
p lo y e r (1) c o n trib u te s m o re th a n is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p ro v id e s
th e e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e fits w h ic h e x c e e d th e r e q u ir e m e n ts o f th e la w .
T a b u la tio n s of p a id s ic k - le a v e p la n s a r e lim ite d to f o r m a l p la n s 3
w h ic h p ro v id e fu ll p ay o r a p r o p o r tio n o f th e w o r k e r 's p ay d u rin g
a b s e n c e f r o m w o rk b e c a u s e of il ln e s s . S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r e ­
s e n te d a c c o rd in g to (1) p la n s w h ic h p ro v id e fu ll p a y a n d no w a itin g
p e rio d , a n d (2) p la n s w h ich p ro v id e e i th e r p a r t ia l p a y o r a w a itin g
p e rio d . In a d d itio n to th e p r e s e n ta tio n o f th e p r o p o r tio n s of w o r k e r s
w ho a r e p ro v id e d s ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k le a v e ,
a n u n d u p lic a te d to ta l is sh o w n of w o r k e r s w ho r e c e iv e e i th e r o r b o th
ty p e s of b e n e fits .
C a ta s tro p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to a s e x te n d e d
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o s e p la n s w h ic h a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o te c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e of s ic k n e s s a n d in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b ey o n d
th e n o r m a l c o v e ra g e of h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, a n d s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p ro v id in g fo r c o m p le te o r p a r t ia l
p a y m e n t of d o c to r s ' f e e s . S uch p la n s m a y b e u n d e r w r itte n b y c o m ­
m e r c i a l in s u ra n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o f it o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th e y m a y
b e s e lf - in s u r e d . T a b u la tio n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim ite d
to th o s e p la n s th a t p ro v id e m o n th ly p a y m e n ts f o r th e r e m a in d e r o f
th e w o r k e r 's life .

2 T h e te m p o r a r y d is a b ility la w s in C a lif o r n ia a n d R ho d e Is la n d
A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d a s h a v in g a p o lic y if i t m edo n o t r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s .
t
e ith e r of th e fo llo w in g c o n d itio n s: (l) O p e ra te d la te s h ifts a t th e tim e
3 A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d a s h a v in g a f o r m a l p la n if
of th e s u rv e y , o r (2) h ad f o r m a l p ro v is io n s c o v e rin g la te s h if ts . A n
it e s ta b lis h e d a t le a s t th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s o f s ic k le a v e
e s ta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d a s h a v in g f o r m a l p ro v is io n s if i t (1) h a d
th a t c o u ld b e e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . S u ch a p la n n e e d n o t b e
o p e ra te d la te s h ifts d u rin g th e 12 m o n th s p r io r to th e s u rv e y , o r
w r itte n , b u t in fo rm a l s ic k - le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te r m in e d o n a n in d i­
(2) h ad p ro v is io n s in w r itte n f o rm fo r o p e ra tin g la te s h if ts .
v id u a l b a s is , w e re e x c lu d e d .
1




3

T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts a n d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e of s u r v e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d in B o s to n , M a s s . , 1 b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n , 2 O c to b e r 1962

I n d u s tr y d iv is io n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s ta b li s h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
of s tu d y

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W o rk e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ith in s c o p e o f stu d y

W ith in
sc o p e o f
s tu d y 1
3
2

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d

T o ta l 4

O ffic e

P la n t

T o t a l4

A ll d iv is io n s ______________ ____________________________________

_

1 ,3 4 1

272

4 5 6 ,2 0 0

9 9, 000

2 6 7 ,8 0 0

24 9, 120

M a n u f a c tu r in g ___________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n ,
a n d o th e r p u b lic u til iti e s 56 ______________________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _____________________________________________
R e ta il tr a d e __________________________________________________
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s ta t e ____________________
S e r v ic e s 7 ---------------------------------------------------- ------ --------------

100

_

455
886

90
182

2 2 0 ,6 0 0
2 3 5, 600

3 2 ,0 0 0
6 7 ,0 0 0

1 49, 100
1 1 8 ,7 0 0

1 1 1 ,950
137, 170

100
50
100
50
50

65
220
133
200
268

26
43
36
36
41

4 1 ,4 0 0
2 4 ,5 0 0
6 7 ,9 0 0
5 3 ,5 0 0
4 8 ,3 0 0

7, 800
7, 500
7 , 300
3 6 ,3 0 0
8, 100

2 4 ,4 0 0
10, 700
5 4 ,7 0 0
6 2 ,0 0 0
2 6 ,9 0 0

3 2 ,9 2 0
7, 780
4 6 ,6 2 0
3 1 ,9 9 0
1 7 ,8 6 0

1 T h e B o s to n S ta n d a r d M e tr o p o lita n S ta ti s tic a l A r e a c o n s is ts o f S u ffo lk C o u n ty , 15 c o m m u n itie s in E s s e x C o u n ty , 29 in M id d le s e x C o u n ty , 19 in N o rfo lk C o u n ty , a n d 9 in P ly m o u th C o u n ty .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s ti m a te s sh o w n in th is ta b le p ro v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n o f th e s iz e a n d c o m p o s itio n of th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u rv e y . T h e e s tim a te s
a r e n o t in te n d e d ,
h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s is of c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t
in d e x e s fo r th e a r e a to
m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u rv e y s r e q u i
th e u s e o f e s ta b li s h m e n t d a ta c o m p ile d c o n s id e ra b ly in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o ll p e r io d s tu d ie d , a n d (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th e sc o p e o f th e s u rv e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f th e S ta n d a r d I n d u s tr ia l C la s s if ic a tio n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c la s s if y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s ta b li s h m e n t s w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll o u tle ts (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in s u c h in d u s tr i e s a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , a u to r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
a n d m o ti o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In c lu d e s e x e c u tiv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, an d o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a te o ffic e a n d p la n t c a te g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s a n d s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta t io n w e re e x c lu d e d .
6 E s tim a t e r e l a t e s to r e a l e s ta t e e s ta b lis h m e n ts o n ly . W o rk e r s f r o m th e e n tir e in d u s tr y d iv is io n a r e r e p r e s e n te d in th e S e r ie s A ta b le s , b u t fr o m th e r e a l e s ta te p o rtio n o n ly in " a ll
in d u s tr y " e s ti m a te s in th e S e r ie s B ta b le s .
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a i r sh o p s ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e in a v e r a g e
s a l a r i e s of o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , an d in a v ­
e r a g e e a r n i n g s of s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r o ffice c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , th e p e r ­
c e n ta g e s of c h a n g e r e l a t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s
of w o r k , th a t i s , th e s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u le fo r w h ic h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a id . F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y m e a s u r e c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c lu d in g p r e m i u m p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la te s h if ts . T he
p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a ta f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a tio n s an d i n ­
clud e m o s t of th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t jo b s w ith in e a c h g ro u p . T h e
o ffice c l e r i c a l d a ta a r e b a s e d on m e n an d w o m e n in th e fo llo w in g 19 jo b s :
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B; c l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A
and B; c l e r k s , f ile , c l a s s A , B , a n d C; c l e r k s , o r d e r ; c l e r k s , p a y ­
ro ll; C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ; k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A a n d B;
o ffice b o y s an d g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r i e s ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s t e n o g r a ­
p h e r s , s e n io r ; s w i tc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ; ta b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B; an d t y p i s t s , c l a s s A an d B. T h e i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e d a ta a r e
b a s e d on m e n a n d w o m e n i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s . M e n in th e fo llo w in g
8 s k ille d m a i n t e n a n c e jo b s an d 2 u n s k i lle d jo b s a r e in c lu d e d in th e
p la n t w o r k e r d a ta : S k i lle d — c a r p e n t e r s ; e l e c t r i c i a n s ; m a c h i n i s t s ; m e ­
c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n i c s , a u to m o tiv e ; p a i n t e r s ; p i p e f i t t e r s ; an d to o l an d
die m a k e r s ; u n s k i l l e d — j a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s ; an d l a b o r e r s ,
m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a l a r i e s o r a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s w e r e
c o m p u te d f o r e a c h of th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s . T h e a v e r a g e s a l ­




a r i e s o r h o u rly e a r n in g s w e r e th e n m u l t i p l i e d b y e m p l o y m e n t in e a c h
of th e jo b s d u r in g th e p e r i o d s u r v e y e d in 1961. T h e s e w e ig h te d e a r n ­
in g s f o r in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n s w e r e th e n to ta le d to o b ta in a n a g g r e g a t e
f o r e a c h o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p . F in a l ly , th e r a t i o ( e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r ­
c e n ta g e ) of the g ro u p a g g r e g a te f o r th e o n e y e a r to th e a g g r e g a t e fo r
th e o t h e r y e a r w as c o m p u te d an d th e d i f f e r e n c e b e tw e e n th e r e s u l t an d
100 is th e p e r c e n t a g e of c h a n g e f r o m th e o ne p e r i o d to th e o t h e r .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e m e a s u r e , p r i n c i p a l l y , th e e f fe c ts
of (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y an d w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s
in p a y r e c e i v e d by in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in th e s a m e job; and
(3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e
r e s u l t i n g f r o m la b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s ,
an d c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r ti o n s of w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
w ith d if f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s . C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e
i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c tu a l
w a g e c h a n g e s . F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n s i o n m ig h t i n c r e a s e th e
p r o p o r t i o n of lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c if ic o c c u p a t io n a n d lo w e r
th e a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c t i o n in th e p r o p o r t i o n of lo w e r p a id
w o r k e r s w ou ld h a v e th e o p p o s ite e f f e c t. S i m i l a r l y , th e m o v e m e n t of
a h ig h - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t out of a n a r e a c o u ld c a u s e th e a v e r a g e
e a r n i n g s to d r o p , e v e n th o u g h no c h a n g e in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in o th e r
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .
T h e u s e of c o n s ta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e i g h ts e l i m i n a t e s th e e f ­
fe c t of c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h
jo b in c lu d e d in th e d a ta . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a r e n o t i n f l u ­
e n c e d b y c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s o r in p r e m i u m p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e , s in c e th e y a r e b a s e d on p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .

T h e a b o v e te x t r e p r e s e n t s th e m e t h o d u s e d in c o m p u tin g a n ew t r e n d
s e r i e s (ta b le 2). T h i s s e r i e s , i n it ia t e d w ith th e e x p a n s io n of th e la b o r m a r k e t
w ag e s u r v e y p r o g r a m to 80 S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o li ta n S ta t i s t i c a l A r e a s , w ill r e p l a c e
th e old s e r i e s (1953 b a s e ) sh o w n in ta b le 3. C h a n g e s in th e jo b s s u r v e y e d a n d
jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s s in c e th e s t a r t of th e o ld s e r i e s c a lle d f o r a r e e x a m i n a t i o n of
th e jo b s a n d jo b g r o u p in g s f o r w h ic h t r e n d s w e r e to be c o m p u te d .
T h e n e w s e r i e s c o v e r s th e s a m e jo b g ro u p in g s a s th e e a r l i e r s e r i e s
w ith th e fo llo w in g e x c e p tio n s : T h e c l e r i c a l an d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e g r o u p s , f o r m e r l y
r e s t r i c t e d to w o m e n , now in c lu d e b o th m e n a n d w o m e n . C h a n g e s w e r e a l s o m a d e
in th e jo b s in c lu d e d w ith in jo b g ro u p in g s in o r d e r th a t a n id e n ti c a l l i s t c o u ld
be e m p lo y e d in a l l a r e a s .




T a b le 2. P e r c e n t s of in c r e a s e in s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r i e s a n d s tr a i g h t - ti m e
h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in B o sto n , M a s s .,
fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
O c to b e r I9 6 0
to
O c to b e r 1961

O c to b e r 1959
to
O c to b e r I9 6 0

In d u stry an d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p

O c to b e r 1961
to
O c to b e r 1962

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m e n a n d w o m en ) ____________
In d u s tria l n u r s e s (m e n an d w o m en ) ________
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m en ) ___________________
U n sk ille d p la n t (m en ) _________________________

2.5
3.8
3.5
3 .4

3.9
4 .5
2 .2
2.8

4.9
4.1
4.7
4 .6

M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m e n a n d w o m en ) ______ ______
In d u s tria l n u r s e s (m e n an d w o m e n ) _________
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m en ) ___________________
U n sk ille d p la n t (m e n ) _______ ________________

3.1
4 .4
3 .5
2 .2

3.3
4 .0
1.1
.7

4 .0
4.1
4 .8
4 .6

T a b le 3, In d e x e s of s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r i e s an d s tr a i g h t - ti m e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d
o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in B o sto n , M a s s ., O c to b e r 1962 a n d O c to b e r 1961
(M a rc h 1953 = 100)
O c to b e r 1962

In d u stry -a n d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p
A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c le r ic a l (w o m e n ) ________ _____ _________ —
I n d u s tria l n u rs e s (w o m en )
Sk illed m aintfinanrp

(m en)

U n s k i l l e d p l a n t (m e .n )

.

M a n u fa c tu rin g ;
O ffice

clerical (w om en i

Industrial m ir s e s

(w om en)

Skilled m a in ten a n ce

(m en)

U n s k i l l e d pl ant, ( m e n )

_

.
..

.

.

O c to b e r 1961

149.0
154.0
149.2
147.3

145.1
148.4
143.9
143.4

145.7
152.0
148.8
144.9

141.7
146.4
143.6
141.2

A:

6

Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w eek ly h o u rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s try d iv isio n , B o sto n , M a ss., O c to b e r 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Average
S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$
Weekly , 4 0 .0 0
earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard) u n der
4 5 .0 0
Weekly

$
4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

$
$
5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

.6 0 ^ 0 ... -6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 $8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0
and

7 5 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0

over

1

M en
C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A ______________
M a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _______________________
R e ta il tr a d e ____________________________
F in a n c e 2 _________________________________
S e r v i c e s _________________________________

694
2 13
4 81
74
69
108
95

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .0
3 6 .5
3 9 .5

$ 1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
8 4 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
1
-

12
12
1
11

7
7
_
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B ______________
M a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _______________________

412
86
3 26
191

3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

7 9 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

-

_
-

-

-

32
3
29
12

1
1
-

42
11
31
8

C l e r k s , o r d e r _________________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _______________________

5 75
184
391
3 86

3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 3 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

4
4
4

C l e r k s , p a y r o ll _______________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________________

95
66

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

9 4 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

_

_

_

-

-

-

O ffic e b o y s _____________________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________________
P u b lic u tilit ie s 3 _______________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _______________________
F in a n c e 2 _________________________________
S e r v i c e s _________________________________

8 21
187
634
50
83
3 16
155

3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 6 .5
3 9 .0

5 5 .0 0
5 6 .5 0
5 4 .5 0
5 9 .0 0
5 8 .0 0
5 4 .0 0
5 3 .0 0

1
1
-

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A _______________________________ ____ ____
M a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________________
F in a n c e 2 _________________________________

307
121
186
100

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .0

9 8 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _______________________
R e ta il tr a d e ____________________________
F in a n c e 2 _________________________________

465
1 54
311
70
51
158

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 7 .0

8 2 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C ________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________________
F in a n c e 2 _________________________________

233
70
163
90

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .0

6 9 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
6 8 .0 0
6 3 .5 0

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) ______
M a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _______________________

334
102
232
148

3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

7 1 .5 0
6 9 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e ) ______________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________________
R e ta il tr a d e ____________________________

2 70
233
193

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

6 1 .0 0
5 8 .5 0
5 7 .5 0

5
5
5
_
_

2
2
2
-

9
15
1

31
4
27
4
20
3

24
11
13
4
9
-

53
4
49
2
10
17
20

93
28
65
17
25
3
17

49
19
30
7
2
10
8

65
31
34
1
5
8
8

77
33
44
3
2
3
9

65
16
49
5
_

21

-

1
6

64
9
55
26

92
14
78
68

25
8
17
2

32
14
18
12

15
5
10
5

23
13
10
6

28
28
3

4
4
-

10
5
5
5

20
20
20

7
7
7

5
5
5

12
12
12

-

-

-

-

24
24
24

24
14
10
10

19
19
-

41
27
14
14

69
12
57
57

83
18
65
64

84
27
57
53

57
25
32
32

44
16
28
28

28
9
19
19

24
3
21
21

29
29
29

8
5
3
3

2
2
-

_
-

-

-

11
5
6
6

4
2
2
2

20
20
20

_

_

8
8

19
16

9
2

17
13

1

_

-

-

-

6
3

_

-

15
11

1

-

16
11

1

-

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

115
38
77
4
17
34
18

130
32
98
18
21
35
20

55
24
31
1
6
18
5

16
3
13
3
1
6
2

10
3
7
1
4
-

2
1
1
1
-

1
1
1
-

-

1
1
1
_

-

-

_
_
_

.
_
_

-

_
_

-

_
_

_
_
-

_
-

-

179
25
154
4
96
50

311
61
2 50
17
33
127
60

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27
14
13
5

30
16
14
6

42
25
17
7

45
23
22
2

27
14
13
1

3
2
1
-

5
5

4
4

-

45
14
31
26

2
2

-

44
3
41
38

1
1

-

12
2
10
10

1
1

-

4
4
4

14
8
6

-

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

33
2
31
9
22

29
12
17
11
3
-

5
1
4
_

5
5
-

1
1
1
_

1
1
1
-

_

_

-

29

80
52
28
13
8
1

5
5
1
-

-

49
23
26
6
4
14

37
14
23
2
3
16

11
2
9
8
-

-

69
14
55
2
11
41

70
17
53
23
12
18

24
13
11
2
-

-

12
2
10
1
9

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

46
9
37
26

57
6
51
23

24
11
13
7

19
7
12
6

20
6
14
1

1
1
-

2
2

2
2

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

25
9
16
16

18
18

-

14
3
11
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

74
30
44
13

82
37
45
34

67
14
53
37

10
3
7
7

34
5
29
17

12
7
5
-

23
3
20
20

4
4
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

16
3
13
12

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

86
86
66

42
37
35

20
6
6

14
13

15
10
8

7
7
7

-

12
-

3
3

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

34
2
32
-

33
8
25
-

-

3
2

67
13
54
5
3
_

55
29
26
13
1
1

-

40
17
23
3
_

9
9
6
1
2

6
6
5
1
_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_

_

W om en

See fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .




_
-

-

8
8
-

-

10
10
10

61
61
61

'

-

_

-

-

4
4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

■

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly h o u rs an d e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s try d iv isio n , B o ston , M a s s ., O c to b e r 1962)
Average

Sex, o c c u p a tio n , an d in d u s try d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

NUM BER OF W O RK ERS R E CE IVIN G ST R A IG H T-TIM E W EEKLY E A RN ING S OF-

(Standard)

Weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

241
101
140
88

37.5
37.5
37.5
36.5

$ 78.00
86.50
72.00
67.00

1, 227
209
1 ,0 1 8
261
75
646

38.0
39.0
38.0
39.0
38.0
37.5
38.0
39.0
37.5
39.0
38.0
38.0
37.0
37.0
38.0
38.5
38.0
38.5
39.0
37.5
37.0
37.5
38.0
38.5
38.0
38.0
38.0
39.0
38.0
39.0
38.0
37.5
38.5
38.0
38.0
37.5
38.5
39.0
37.0
39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
38.5

65.50
72.50
64.00
70.50
61.00
62.00

$

$

$

Weekly j

$

$
$
40.00 *45.00 $50.00 $ 55.00 $60.00 *65.00 $ 70.00 $ 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 *95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 *120.00 *125.00 *130.00 135.00 *140.00 *145.00
and
and
u n der
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 o v e r

W o m en — C o n tin u ed
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A ___________________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ___ _______________ ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________ __________
F in a n c e 2 _____________ ________ ___
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B __________________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g __ ________ ______
W h o le sale tr a d e __ ____________ __
R e ta il tra d e ______ _____ __________
F in a n c e 2 _________ ____________ __
C le rk s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s A
M a n u fa c tu rin g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______ _____________
P u b lic u tilitie s 3 ____________________
W h o le sale tr a d e ____________________
R e ta il tra d e _________________________
F in a n c e 2 ______ ________ __________
S e rv ic e s __________ ___ _______________
C le rk s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s B
M a n u fa c tu rin g ___ ________ __________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______ __ _____ ___
P u b lic u til iti e s 3 ___________________
W h o le sale tr a d e __ _______________
R e ta il tra d e __ __ __ _____ _____
F in a n c e 2 ________________ __________
S e rv ic e s _____________ _____________
C le rk s , file , c la s s A _____________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ___ ________ _____ ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______ ____________
F in a n c e 2 _________ ________ ______
C le rk s , file , c la s s B _____________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ___ __ __ _____ ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
W h o le sale tr a d e ____________________
R e ta il tra d e _________________________
F in a n c e 2 ______ _____ ________ ___
S e rv ic e s -------------------------------------------C le rk s , file , c la s s C ______ ________ _____
M a n u fa c tu rin g ___ _____ __ __ ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
W h o le sale tr a d e ____________________
R e ta il tra d e
F in a n c e 2 ______ __ ________
___
C le rk s , o r d e r
M a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________ __
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
W h o le sale tr a d e ________ ________
R e ta il tra d e ______ ____________ ___
See fo o tn o te s a t en d of ta b le .




1 ,4 2 6
445
981
89
111
157
415
209
2, 190
464
1 ,7 2 6
138.
367
453
534
234
419
100
319
265
1, 110
190
920
138
142
477
155
1, 044
160
884
61
93
633
590
261
329
183
104

85.00
86.50
84.00
99.00
85.50
84.00
79.50
87.00
68.00
72.00
67.00
78.50
70.00
64.00
63.50
71.50
69.50
74.00
68.00
65.00
59.00
65.00
58.00
63.50
54.00
56.50
61.50
55.00
62.00
53.50
59.00
54.00
52.50
71.50
74.00
69.50
75.50
60.50

-

-

-

-

-

"

_
-

14
14
2
12

91
3
88
15
61

187
16
171
12
18
141

_
-

45
45
31
14
"
1
1
1
112
112
27
85
188
2
186
2
184
3
3
3

181
25
156
44
44
68
52
52
48
248
12
236
5
55
151
25
364
24
340

-

_

_
_

"
_
-

_
-

14
14
11
3
_
-

-

“

_

_

-

48
249
34
34
2
32

-

8
3
5
1
_
4
"
281
36
245
10
16
121
98
38
38
38
242
21
221
48
40
90
43
274
41
233
8
22
164
42
15
27
6
20

32
2
30
30

29
•6
23
19

36
5
31
5

31
28
3
1

32
20
12
-

23
15
8
-

13
13
-

11
11
-

3 29 250
34
29
300 216
26
95
17
7
249 107
32 103
2
9
30
94
10
14
1
6
62
19
12
317 423
47
66
270 357
18
17
42
76
47
64
118 144
45
56
72
74
14
16
56
60
56
57
257 130
68
40
90
189
31
15
8
1
43
99
47
31
130
43
38
35
92
8
2
29
16
2
34
2
51 161
19
69
32
92
14 44
18
16

145
21
124
53
11
56

118
66
52
27
5
20
196
54
142
4
19
87
32

60
7
53
48
_
251
106
145
29
52
46
18
178
38
140
22
34
65
6
13
30
18
12
2
1
1

21
21
_
163
83
80
17
12
4
19
28
74
37
37
15
8
2

9
9
_
177
38
139
5
4
16
71
43
17
5
12
3
2
3
_
4

2
2
_
127
34
93
37
7
21
28
37
4
33
28
4
1

1
1
_
123
39
84
12
22
22
8
20
6
5
1
1
_

_
34
19
15
6
_
_
1
8

_
_

_

9
9
4
1
1

7
4
3
2

10
10
8

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

4
4
3
1
1

_

_

-

_

_

_
_

_

32
16
16
16

19
19

-

_

-

-

-

33
33
33

169
43
126
5
27
74
20
351
111
240
10
74
47
48
61
52
19
33
21
62
17
45
21
7
7
7
17
6
11
11

265
86
179
14
56
28
38
43
59
29
30
25
56
30
26
18
4
2
2
4
4

10
10
-

_

_

_

62
39
23
19
1

Ill
30
81
67
11

57
51
6
3

_

12

-

_

-

_

-

-

_

_

_
_
-

1
1
-

_
_
-

-

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
8
1
7
4
1
_
2
12
3
9
_
9

_
_
11
3
8
5
3
_
_
1
1
-

_
_
_
14
11
3
1
2
_
_
1
1
_
1

_
_
4
_
4
2
1
_
1
1
1
_
1

_
_
_

_

_

2
_
2
_
2
_

4
_
4
_
1
3

-

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

-

-

11
11

_
_

_
_
_

-

_

-

_

_

_
_

-

_

_
_

_

_

_
_
_
_

_

_
_
_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_

-

_

-

_

_
_
_

_

_

_

-

_
_

_
_

6
1
5
5
-

5

_
_

_

-

5
5

_

_

7
2
5
5
-

_
_
_
_

-

-

_

-

_
_
_
_

_
_

_
-

_

_

_

_
_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_

_

_
_

_
_

-

_
_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_
_
_

_

_

_

-

_
_

-

_

_

_
_

-

_

-

_
_

-

-

_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
_

_

-

-

_

_
_

-

-

_

_

_

-

_
_

_
_
_
_

_

-

_
_
_

.

-

-

_
_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_
_
_

_

-

_
_

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_
_
_

-

-

_
_

_
_
_

_

_

.

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

-

_

-

_

-

_

_
-

_

-

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w eek ly h o u rs an d e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a sis
by in d u s try d iv isio n , B o ston , M a ss. , O c to b e r 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Average
S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
w
orkers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
6
7
Weekly
Weekly . 4 0 . 00 4 5 . 00 5 0 . 00 5 5 . 00 6 0 . 00 $ 5 . 00 $ 0 . 00 7 5 . 00 8 0 . 00 $8 5 . 00 9 0 . 00 * 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 *130.00 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0
earnings1
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d e r
4 5 . 00 5 0 . 00 5 5 . 00 6 0 . 00 6 5 . 00 7 0 . 00 7 5 . 00 8 0 . 00 8 5 . 00 9 0 . 00 9 5 . 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 o v e r

W o m e n — C o n tin u ed

127
50
77
29
38

191
73
118
41
59

25
21

18
6

28
22

18
9

-

7
7
1
6

15
4
11
2
9

81
26
55
12
42

4
4
4
-

79
11
68
15
53
-

3 05
58
247
36
12
68
122
9

84
5
79
17
61

178
49
129
15
103

_

1
1
_

-

-

22
3
19
15

60
9
51
36

116
80

38. 0
37. 5

6 2 . 50
6 3 . 00

-

-

-

-

900
406
494
44
53
84
2 73

38.
39.
38.
40.
38.
38.
37.

5
0
0
0
0
0
0

74.
74.
73.
90.
77.
70.
70.

00
50
50
50
50
00
50

-

-

-

38.
38.
38.
38.
39.
38.
37.
38.

0
5
0
5
0
0
0
0

65.
68.
64.
75.
69.
57.
59.
68.

50
00
50
50
00
50
50
50

-

C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ___________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------------W h o le s a le tr a d e
---------------------------------R e ta il tr a d e ___________________________

918
3 17
601
149
316

38.
38.
37.
38.
36.

D u p lic a tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( M im e o g r a p h o r D itto ) ___________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________
K ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A ____________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 --------------------------------W h o le s a le tr a d e
_____________________
R e ta il tr a d e ___________________________
F in a n c e 2 ______________________________

1, 123
3 ^9 “
7 54
152
1 14
113
319
56

-

O ffic e g ir l s
___________________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------------R e ta il tr a d e ___________________________
F i n a n c e 2 -----------------------------------------------

430
80
350
61
261

37.
38.
37.
38.
37.

5
0
5
0
0

54.
55.
54.
54.
54.

50
00
00
00
00

_
-

S e c r e t a r ie s
___________________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 _____________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e
--------------------------------R e ta il tr a d e ___________________________
F in a n c e 2 -----------------------------------------------S e rv ic es
_______________________________

7, 256
2, 7 3 0
4 , 5 26
4 57
5 60
284
1, 6 9 9
1, 5 26

38.
38.
37.
38.
38.
37.
36.
38.

0
5
5
5
5
5
5
0

89.
90.
88.
102.
89.
87.
84.
88.

00
50
00
00
50
00
50
00

-

S te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ___________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________
P u b lic u tilit ie s 3 _____________________
_____________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e
R e ta il tr a d e ___________________________
F in a n c e 2 ______________________________
S e rv ic e s
_______________________________

2, 5 55
1 ,0 6 5
1 ,4 9 0
1 44
3 17
101
655
2 73

38.
39.
38.
39.
38.
37.
37.
40.

5
0
0
0
5
5
0
0

72.
75.
70.
88.
71.
68.
65.
70.

00
50
00
00
50
00
50
50




60
14
46
36

2
2
2

5
0
0
0
5
5
5
0

See fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le

154
86
68
4
28
13
23

7 1 .0 0
7 2 . 00
7 0 . 00
7 2 . 50
6 5 . 50

38.
39.
38.
39.
38.
37.
36.
39.

K eyp u nch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ____________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 _____________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e
_____________________
R e ta il tr a d e ___________________________
F in a n c e 2 ______________________________
S e rv ic e s
_______________________________

-

121
84
37
3
21
6
7

0
5
5
5
5

1, 0 6 4
619
445
34
62
1 54
90
105

$74.
74.
75.
92.
85.
69.
72.
74.

_
-

50
00
00
00
50
50
50
00

C l e r k s , p a y r o ll ______________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________
P u b lic u t il it ie s 3 ---------------------------------W h o le s a le tr a d e
_____________ _________
R e ta il tr a d e ___________________________
F in a n c e 2 ______________________________
S e rv ic e s
_______________________________

-

1
1
1

19
3
16
7
9

63
39
24
20
4

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
_

26
7
19
10
3
6

7
5
2
2
-

137
48
89
19
58

57
28
29
11
16

40
11
29
14
2

10
3
7
3
1

51
6
45
3

8
4
4
2

-

-

2
2
1
1

14
14

8
5

1
1

2
2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

158
50
108
12
31
55

278
122
156
10
17
21
107

125
76
49
1
6
4
35

128
96
32
1
3
9
16

72
30
42
8
9
3

7
2
5
1
4

22
22
19
3
-

4
4
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

234
84
150
21
19
22
79
9

198
88
110
7
37
4
50
12

101
31
70
16
29
3
10
12

93
61
32
14
2
1
1
14

31
17
14
11
3
-

19
4
15
11

18
10
8
6
2
-

40
4
36
30
6
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

_

-

_
-

.
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

87
13
74
22
42

43
3
40
2
32

30
3
27
4
23

4
3
1
1
-

3
3

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

.
-

_
-

-

.
-

-

-

_
-

_

-

_
-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

96
5
91
2
2
12
38
37

405
76
3 29
7
35
25
151
111

5 59
T 58~
391
13
87
16
173
102

915
274
641
10
56
41
304
2 30

825
3 73
452
33
53
38
190
138

1019
381
638
39
70
26
321
182

9 95
509
486
28
65
49
118
2 26

789
3 80
409
106
41
16
124
122

553
2 36
3 17
53
47
13
102
102

404
165
2 39
31
31
9
60
108

163
45
118
25
17
5
46
25

114
34
80
18
17
17
11
17

1 70
35
1 35
77
10
5
10
33

51
22
29
5
5
9
10

58
11
47
5
15
1
_

22
4
18
9
6
_

3
2
1
_

26

3
-

23
10
13
1
1
2
1
8

3 37
101
236
3
48
28
137
20

519
198
321
5
43
29
156
88

489
1 75
314
19
76
12
1 14
93

3 13
1 04
209
20
73
25
44
47

437
3 69
68
14
17
3
23
11

111
49
62
23
26
_

52
34
18
10
5
_

2
2
1
1
_
-

2
2
1
1
_
-

-

-

1

_

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

-

-

1
1
_
_
_

_
_
_

2
1

18
18
18
_
_
-

12

9
4

19
19
19
_
_
-

-

-

1

-

50
50
_
4
1
44
1

193
35
158
21
3
126
8

-

_
_
_
-

28
18
10
7
2
1

-

_
_
-

5
5
_
-

64
31
33
18
13
2

_
_
-

-

_
-

84
48
36
3
3
3
14
13

-

-

6
6
2
4
-

110
68
42
8
14
13
6
1

-

-

_
-

148
94
54
1
19
18
16

91
91
1
4
38
48

228
131
97
15
30
15
37
145
------ F T
83
26
52

-

;

4
-

*

-

-

12
10
2
_
-

-

-

-

1
_
_
_
_
_
_

_

_
_
_

_

_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

_

_

9

Table A-L Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A v erag e s tr a ig h t-tim e w eek ly h o u rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u stry d iv isio n , B o ston , M a ss. , O c to b e r 1962)
N UM BER OF WORKERS RE CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E W EEKLY EARN ING S OF -

A verage

S ex, o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Weekly j
(Standard)

Weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
40 .0 0 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 S145.00
and
“
"
"
“
■
4 5 .0 0 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 75. 00 80. 00 8 5 .0 0 90. 00 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 o v e r

W om en— C o n tin ued
S te n o g ra p h e rs , s e n io r -------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ----------------------P u b lic u tilitie s 3 -------------------W h o le sale tr a d e ______________
F in a n c e 2 --------------------------------S e rv ic e s ---------------------------------S w itc h b o a rd o p e ra to rs _____________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 -------------------W h o le sale tr a d e --------------------R e ta il tr a d e ---------------------- *---F in a n c e 2 --------------------------------S e rv ic e s ----------------------------------

1, 354
438
916
33
114
451
290
825
182
643
82
61
112
218
170

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a to r - r e c e p tio n is ts
M a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------W h o le sale tr a d e --------------------R e ta il tra d e --------------------------F in a n c e 2 ---------------------------------

842
348
494
195
60
81
141

38. 0
38. 5
38. 0
39. 0
37. 5
3 6 .0
37. 5

7 1 .0 0
72. 50
69. 50
72. 00
61. 50
69. 00
70. 00

79

39. 0

93. 00

405
82
323
111

38. 0
39. 5
37. 5
36. 0

77. 00
87. 00
74. 00
76. 00

-

191
159
60

37. 5
37. 0
35. 5

64. 50
62. 50
62. 00

-

963
348
615
52
375
1, 541
443
1, 098
34
97
508
419

38. 0
38. 0
37. 5
39. 0
37. 5
38. 0
39. 5
37. 0
39. 0
38. 0
36. 5
37. 5

69. 50
69. 50
69. 50
82. 00
65. 00
72. 50
7 1 .0 0
73. 00
89. 00
81. 50
7 1 .0 0
73. 00

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e ra to rs ,
c la s s A -------------------------------------------T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e ra to rs ,
c la s s B -------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------F in a n c e 2 --------------------------------T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s C -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------F in a n c e 2 --------------------------------T ra n s c rib in g -m a c h in e o p e ra to rs ,
g e n e r a l -------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------W h o le sale tr a d e --------------------F in a n c e 2 --------------------------------T y p is ts, c la s s A ------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------P u b lic u tilitie s 3 -------------------W h o le sale tra d e ______________
F in a n c e 2 --------------------------------S e rv ic e s _______________________
S ee fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




38. 0 $ 7 9 . 50
38. 5 80. 00
37. 5 79. 50
38. 5 105. 50
38. 0
87. 50
36. 5 74. 50
38. 5
80. 50
72. 50
38. 0
80. 00
39. 0
38. 0
70. 50
39. 5 88. 00
39. 5 76. 00
38. 0 64. 50
36. 5 70. 00
38. 5 64. 50

.

1

_
-

3
3

11
11

48
8
40

3

5
4
58
58
_
12
13
5
28

35
5
48
1
47
1
10
7
29
113
45
68
37
19
12
-

_
_

-

-

1

17
17

63
63

1

17

8
3
52

-

.
.

.
.
-

-

-

_

_

12
12
_

12
-

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

11
11
_
_
_

8
8
8

_

_
_

-

-

_

_

-

-

“

_
_

38
16
22
2
4
-

16

_

162
55
107
4
87
10
182
30
152
9
3
20
100
20

248
58
190
_
22
122
38
120
25
95
5
17
11
49
13

170
50
120
24
4
42
45

207
61
146
73
18
19
27

1

_

4

294
88
206
_
15
101
89
111
27
84
6
10
17
42
9
162
81
81
32
1
1
45

190
75
115
_

18
37
60
83
50
33
11
1

1 10
7
4

203
104
99
4
15
33
47
46
17
29
5
6
6
2
10

69
33
36
_

9
10
16
48
25
23
22
1
_
_

4

_
_

_

_
_
_
.
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

.
_
_
_

_

_

_
_

_

-

-

-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_

.
_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

2

2

-

-

2
1
1

15
14
12

11
9
1

7

14
7
-

3
3
-

75
33
42

103
27
76
5
70
72
29
43

145
40
105
75
267
58
209
4
7
109
78

252
82
170
4
76
366
123
243
4
19
116
98

111
58
53
13
35
292
97
195

127
51
76
8
42
167
50
117
2
16
74
17

56
38
18
_
18
165
65
100
2
4
44
45

26
6
20
9
8

24
13
11
_
1
54
2
52
1
15
9
27

-

69
12
57
_
12
2
43

_
_

_
_

-

-

_

_

-

17
17
1
51
4
47
19
2
17
8

2
-

-

2
1
“

1
1
1
15

11
11
11
1

15
1
6
8

1
1

-

_
_

_
_

29
18
11
-

10
9
6

_

_
_

1

25
16
15

_
_

_
_

_
_

2
-

2

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_

_
_

6
2
4
4

_

2
_
2

_
_

2

89
86
12

36
4

1

_

12

14
14
14

11

1
_
1
_
1

7

-

_

-

1
1
_
1

21
14
13
1
-

8
82
99

-

16
31
19
12
12

_

-

20
2
18
11
3

12

10
33
8
25
14

-

_
_

_

_

105
13
92
39

_

_

_

_

-

71
10
61
32

-

14
2
12

26
20
6
5

37
37
9

42
14
3
11

26
3
23
14
8

88
57
31
14
2
7
8

72
72
3

-

24
3
21
6
7

6
2
4
4

3
3
2

_

8
1
7
6

52
8
44
3
2
18
21
26
5
21
13
5
2

-

1

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

5
1

2

1
-

2
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_

-

_

7
7

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

_
_

_

_

-

.

-

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_

_

_

_

_

8
8
8

-

-

.

.

10
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s try d iv isio n , B o sto n , M a s s ., O c to b e r 1962)
N UM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E W EEKLY EA RN IN G S OF -

Average
S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of

Weekly
hours1
(Standard)

$
$
Weekly
4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0
earnings 1
and
(Standard) u n d er
“
4 5 .0 0 5 0 .0 0

$
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
*
$,
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
5 0 .0 0 5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 *145.00
and
~
“
“
"
'
“
*
"
“
“
~
5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 o v e r

W o m e n — C o n tin u ed
T y p is t s , c l a s s B ----------------------------------------------rnyfs^ ctn ri ng
N<">nma unfa c t u r i n g
............
P u b lic u t ili t ie s 3
W h o le s a le tr a d e _______________________
R e ta il tr a d e ____________________________
F in a n ce 2

S e rv ic e s

.......................

. _

_________________________________

3, 9 4 4
1, 0 2 8
2, 916
74
3 39
2 27
1, 9 1 2
364

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 9 .0

$ 6 1 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
5 9 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
6 4 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
5 7 .0 0
6 2 .5 0

_
_
_

235

-

_
9
211
15

~

914
147
767
5
53
56
5 76
77

7 55
115
640
5
20
60
541
14

2 35
_

663
230
433
2
131
17
154
129

8 18
2 30
5 88
2
71
51
3 73
91

140
58
82
17
37
2
18
8

260
127
133
24
18
31
36
24

114
85
29
14
5
1

41
34
7
3
4
-

3
2
1
1
-

_
_
_
-

3

_

_

_

6

-

_
_
_

-

_
_
_

_

-

-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

1
1
-

-

-

_
_
_
_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
_

_
_
_

.
_
_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e fle c t th e w o rk w eek fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s re c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s and th e e a rn in g s c o rre sp o n d to th e se w eek ly h o u rs .
2 F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
3 T ra n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u blic u tilitie s .

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a rn in g s fo r se le c te d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s try d iv isio n , B o sto n , M a s s ., O c to b e r 1962)
N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T I M E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F

Average
S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N um ber
of

w o rk ers

W e e k ly
(S ta n d a rd )

$
s
$
%
S
s
s
s
i
S
t
S
$
s
s
s
$
s
95.00 io a o o 1 0 5 0 0 110.00 1 1500 12C
100 1 2500 130 0 0 1 3500 140.00 1 4 5 0 0 1 5 0 0 0 1 55 0 0 160.00 1 6 5 0 0 1 70 0 0 1 7 5 0 0 1 8 0 0 0 1 8 5 0 0
and
and
(S ta n d a rd ) $
under
7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 1 1 5 0 0 120.00 1 2500 1 30 0 0 135 0 0 140.00 1 4 5 0 0 1 5 0 0 0 1 5 5 0 0 160.00 1 6 5 0 0 170 j
00 1 75 0 0 1 8 0 0 0 1 8 5 0 0 o v e r
$

s

s

s

s

W ee k ly x U n der 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0

s

M en
D r a f t s m e n , le a d e r __________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________
S e r v i c e s ________________________________

8 62
25T1
6 01
588

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$ 1 5 4 .0 0
1 4 5 .5 0
1 5 8 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

8
5
3
3

23
20
3
3

19
15
4
4

26
18
8
8

28
27
1
1

45
33
12
12

47
30
17
17

61
20
41
40

42
28
14
14

1 14
9
105
105

113
5
108
108

115
2
113
111

70
3
67
64

39
-

24
-

29
_

39
32

24
24

29
29

46
36
10
10

68
42
26
24

116
63
53
50

166
96
70
68

174
126
48
44

261
124
137
110

176
6l
115
102

2 08
20
188
187

98
35
63
61

139
48
91
66

102
' “ 63
39
37

78
42
36
30

112
63
49
48

16
5
11
10

1 34
131
3
2

10
8

64
55
9
3

123
65
58
51

82
51
31
29

55
10
45
40

63
34
29
20

44
15
29
27

6
6

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

6
5
1

_

-

_

“

-

-

-

3

7
5
2

5
3
2

_
-

"

-

-

-

_

_

2
2

9
9

20
20

-

-

-

-

.
-

.

_
-

D r a f t s m e n , s e n io r __________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g
......
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________
S e r v i c e s ________________________________

2, 043
1, 0 6 4
979
880

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 2 9 .0 0
1 2 9 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0

-

-

-

80
52
28
22

D r a f t s m e n , ju n io r ___________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________
S e rv ic e s
_
.
_ ..

8 01
482
3 19
274

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 5 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
9 7 .5 0

72
3 52
20
16

46
28
18
17

80
47
33
33

34
20
14
8

44
34
10
8

82
60
22
22

73

3 9 .5

6 6 .5 0

4 42

17

11

_

_

287
194
93

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

9 5 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

_

5
5

3

-

T racers

_______ _____ __________________________

-

_

_

_

_

_

20
18
2

8
4
4

.

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

10

_
_

_

_

.

_

7
-------E ~
1
1

1

59
M 6"
13
13
20
20

1
-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_

.
_
_

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

W om en
N u r s e s , in d u s tr ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) _________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________
N n n m a n u fa rtn rin g

i,.—

1
2
3
4

S ta n d a rd h o u rs
W o rk e rs w e re
W o rk e rs w e re
W o rk e rs w e re

re f le c t th e
d is trib u te d
d is trib u te d
d is trib u te d




-

3

50
35
15

39
24
15

53
32
21

42
36
6

47
31
16

7
1
(y

1
-

1

....-

w o rk w eek fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s re c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s and th e e a rn in g s c o rre sp o n d to th e se w eek ly h o u rs .
a s fo llow s: 10 a t $ 1 90 to $ 1 95 ; 10 a t $200 to $2 05 ; 11 a t $2 05 to $ 210; 12 a t $2 10 to $ 2 15 ; 2 a t $215 to $ 2 20; and 1 a t $ 220 and o v e r.
a s fo llo w s: 29 a t $ 6 0 to $ 6 5 ; and 23 a t $6 5 to $ 7 0 .
a s fo llo w s: 9 a t $5 0 to $ 5 5 ; 2 a t $55 to $6 0; 29 a t $60 to $ 6 5 ; and 2 a t $6 5 to $ 7 0 .

-

-

_

_

11
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v erag e s tr a ig h t- tim e w eek ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s try d iv isio n , B o sto n , M a ss. , O c to b e r 1962)

S ee fo o tn o te s a t en d of ta b le .




102

238
153

~233~
193
101

146
94
1,2 6 5
209
1,056
294
76
650
2 , 120
S58
1,462
224
185
226
523
304
2 ,6 0 2
550
2, 052
177
558
47 2
574
271
439
101
338
269

190

942
138
143
486
167
1,061
160

901
61

93
648

$71. 00 C le rk s , o rd e r
M a n u fac tu rin g ------69. 50
72. 00
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _
74. 50
W h o le sale tra d e
R e ta il tra d e ____
58. 50 C le rk s , p a y ro ll _______________
M a n u fac tu rin g -------------------57. 50
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _________
P u b lic u tilitie s 3 ________
W h o le sale tra d e ________
86750'
R e ta il tra d e ____________
72. 00
F in a n c e 2 ________________
67. 00
S e rv ic e s _________________
65. 50 C o m p to m e te r o p e ra to rs _____
72. 50
M a n u fac tu rin g _____________
6 4 .0 0
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _________
70. 50
W h o le sale tra d e ________
61. 00
R e ta il tra d e ____________
62. 00
D u p lic a tin g -m a c h in e o p e ra to rs
90. 50 (M im eo g ra p h o r D itto ) -------M a n u fac tu rin g _____________
92 . 00
89. 50
p
o ra
107.00 K eyM uanchfac p erin to r s , c la s s A
n u tu g _____________
97. 00
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _________
85. 50
P u b lic u tilitie s 3 ________
80. 00
W h o le sale tra d e ________
91. 00
R e ta il tra d e ____________
70. 00
F in a n c e 2 _______________
73. 00 K ey p u nch o p e r a to r s , c la s s B
6 9 . 00
- M a n u fac tu rin g _____________
81. 50
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _________
74. 50
P u b lic u tilitie s 3 ________
64. 00
W h o le sale tra d e ________
63. 50
R e ta il tra d e ____________
70. 50
F in a n c e 2 _______________
S e rv ic e s -----------------------70. 00
74. 00 O ffice boys and g irls _________
68. 50
M a n u fac tu rin g _____________
65. 00
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------P u b lic u tilitie s 3 _______
59. 50
W h o le sale tra d e ________
65. 00
R e ta il tra d e ____________
58. 50
63. 50
F in a n c e 2 _______________
S e rv ic e s ________________
54. 00
56. 50 S e c r e ta r ie s ____________________
62. 00
M a n u fac tu rin g _____________
55. 00
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ________
P u b lic u tilitie s 3 _______
62760"
53. 50
W h o le sale tra d e _______
R e ta il tra d e ____________
59. 00
54. 00
F in a n c e 2 _______________
52. 50
S e rv ic e s ________________

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try d iv is io n

Num ber
of

weekly
earnings
(Standard)

2, 558
1,0 6 5
1,493
147
317
101
655
273

$ 7 2 .0 0
75. 50
70. 00
88. 50
71. 50
68. 00
65. 50
70. 50

1,3 5 5
438
917
33
114
451
290

79. 50
80. 00
79. 50
105. 50
87. 50
74. 50
80. 50

833
182
651
85
65
113
218
170

72. 50
80. 00
70. 50
88. 00
76. 00
64. 50
70. 00
64. 50

842
348
494
195
60
81
141

7 1 .0 0
72. 50
69. 50
72. 00
61. 50
69. 00
70. 00

386
158
228
136

97. 50
99. 00
96. 00
8 7 .0 0

870
23£~
634
140
60
269

80. 00
87. 00
77. 00
81. 50
75. 50
74. 50

424
102
322
150

67. 50
74. 00
65. 50
62. 50

O ffice o c c u p a tio n s— C o n tin ued

O ffice o c c u p a tio n s— C o n tin ued

O ffice o c c u p a tio n s
B ille r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e )
M a n u fac tu rin g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _
W h o le sa le tra d e
B i lle r s , m a c h in e (b o o kk eep in g m a c h in e )
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------R e ta il tr a d e __________________________
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s , c la s s A
M a n u fac tu rin g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------F in a n c e 2 _____________________________
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s , c la s s B -------M a n u fa c tu rin g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _
W h o le sa le tra d e
R e ta il tr a d e ____
F in a n c e 2 _______
C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s A
M a n u fac tu rin g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3
W h o le sa le tra d e
R e ta il tr a d e ____
F in a n c e 2 _______
S e rv ic e s ________
C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s B
M a n u fac tu rin g
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3
W h o le sale tra d e
R e ta il tr a d e ____
F in a n c e 2 _______
S e rv ic e s ________
C le rk s , file , c la s s A
M a n u fa c tu rin g ____
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
F in a n c e 2 ______
C le rk s , file , c la s s B _
M a n u fa c tu rin g _____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _
W h o le sale tra d e
R e ta il tr a d e ____
F in a n c e 2 _______
S e rv ic e s ________
C le rk s , file , c la s s C _
M a n u fac tu rin g _____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _
W h o le sale tra d e
R e ta il tra d e ____
F in a n c e 2 _______

Average
weekly x
earnings
(Standard)

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s try d iv isio n

O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s try d iv isio n

1, 165
445
720
569
109
685
474
51
67
155
92
109
918
317
601
149
316
89

914
412
502
44
53
92
273
1, 123
JW
7 54
152
114
113
319
56
1,251
267
984
57
87
91
577
172
7, 268
2, 733
4 , 535
457
560
284
1 ,6 9 9
1 ,5 3 5

$82. 50 S te n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e ra l
M a n u fac tu rin g
80. 50
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _
83. 50
P u b lic u tilitie s 3
8 9 . 00
W h o le sale tra d e
6 2 .0 0
R e ta il tra d e ____
F in a n c e 2 _______
76. 00
S e rv ic e s ________
7 6 . 00
76. 50
96.00
86. 50 S te n o g ra p h e rs , s e n io r
M a n u fac tu rin g _____
69. 50
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
7 3 .0 0
P u b lic u tilitie s 3 .
74. 50
W h o le sale tra d e .
71. 00
F in a n c e 2 ________
72. 00
S e rv ic e s ________
70. 00
72. 50
65. 50 S w itc h b o a rd o p e ra to rs
M a n u fac tu rin g -------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
63. 00
P u b lic u tilitie s 3 .
63. 00
W h o le sale tra d e .
74. 00
R e ta il tra d e ____
75. 00
F in a n c e 2 ________
73. 50
S e rv ic e s ________
90. 50
77. 50
6 9 .0 0 S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a to r - r e c e p tio n is ts
70. 50
M anuf a c tu r ing
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _
65. 50
W h o le sale tra d e
68 . 00
R e ta il tra d e ____
64. 50
F in a n c e 2 _______
75. 50
S e rv ic e s ________
69. 00
57. 50
59. 50
68. 50 T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s , c la s s A
M a n u fac tu rin g ________________________
55. 00
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------56. 00
F in a n c e 2 ___________________________
54. 50
58. 50
57. 50 T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s , c la s s B
54. 50
M an u fac tu rin g
54. 00
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _
53. 50
W h o le sale tra d e
R e ta il tra d e ____
89. 00
F in a n c e 2 _______
90. 50
8 8 . 00
102 . 00
89. 50 T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e ra to rs
M a n u fac tu rin g
87. 00
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
84. 50
F in a n c e 2 ______
8 8 . 00

12

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined— Continued
(A v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w eek ly e a rn in g s fo r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a sis
by in d u s try d iv isio n , B o sto n , M a s s ., O cto b er 1962)
Num ber
of
workers

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s try d iv isio n

O c c u p atio n an d in d u s try d iv isio n

earnings1
(Standard)

of
workers

Average
earnings1
(Standard)

T r a n s c rib in g -m a c h in e o p e ra to rs ,
g e n e ra l ___________________________
M a n u factu rin g ------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------W h o lesale tra d e ---------------F in a n c e 2 ___________________

963
348
615
52
375

3, 963
1, 043
2, 920
77
339
228
1,912
364

T y p is ts, c la s s B _______________________________
M a n u fac tu rin g ---------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------------P u b lic u tilitie s 3 _________________________
W h o lesale tra d e _________________________
R e ta il tra d e ______________________________
F in a n c e 2 ------------------------------------------------S e rv ic e s __________________________________
72. 50
P ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s
7 1 .0 0
73. 00
89. 00 D ra ftsm e n , le a d e r __
M a n u fac tu rin g ____
81. 50
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g .
7 1 .0 0
S e rv ic e s -----------73. 00

$ 6 9 .5 0
69. 50
69. 50
82. 00
65. 00

1, 542
443
1 ,0 9 9
34
97
508
420

T y p is ts, c la s s A -----M a n u fac tu rin g -----N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
P u b lic u tilitie s 3
W h o le sale tra d e
F in a n c e 2 _____
S e rv ic e s ______

earnings1
(Standard)

P ro fe s s io n a l an d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s—
C o n tin u ed

O ffice o c c u p a tio n s— C o n tin ued

O ffice o c c u p a tio n s— C o n tin ued

N um ber
of
workers

O ccu p a tio n an d in d u s try d iv isio n

862
251
601
588

$ 6 1 .0 0 D ra ftsm e n , s e n io r _____________________________________
M an u factu rin g ---------------------------------------------------------65. 50
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________
59. 00
74. 00
S e rv ic e s __________________________________________
64. 50
59. 50 D ra ftsm e n , ju n io r --------------------------------------------------------M a n u factu rin g _______________________________________
57. 00
62. 50
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------------------------S e rv ic e s __________________________________________
N u rs e s , in d u s tria l (re g is te re d ) --------------------------------154. 00
M an u fac tu rin g _______________________________________
145. 50
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________
158.00
158.00 T r a c e r s _________________________________________________

2, 062 $ 1 2 9 .0 0
1, 079 1 2 9.5 0
983 1 2 8.5 0
884 1 2 8 .5 0
95. 00
818
93. 00
498
320
98. 00
97. 50
274
95. 50
297
204
95. 50
96. 00
93
66. 50
77

1 E a rn in g s re la te to r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e w eek ly s a la r ie s th a t a r e p aid fo r s ta n d a rd w o rk w e e k s.
2 F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , an d r e a l e s ta te .
3 T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d o th e r pu blic u tilitie s .

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r m e n in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a sis
by in d u s try d iv isio n , B o sto n , M a ss. , O cto b e r 1962)
NUM BER OF W ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGH T-TIM E HOURLY E A RN ING S OF—

O ccu p atio n and in d u s try d iv isio n

C a rp e n te rs , m a in te n a n c e ______________________
M a n u fac tu rin g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________
T^nV ilir* nti 14 q ^
R e ta il tra d e ________________________
E le c tric ia n s , m a in te n a n c e _____________
M an u fac tu rin g ________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------" P iib l i p n f i 1 i ti p c ^
E n g in e e rs, s ta tio n a r y ___________________
M a n u fac tu rin g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________

N u m b er
of
w orkers

625
350
275
42
152
1, 084
835
249
115
320
194
126

A verage
h ou rly .
e arn in g s1

$ 2 . 89
2. 77
3. 05
2. 72
3! 43
2. 95
2 . 96
2. 93
3. 03
2 . 82
2 .9 0

2 . 69

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
U n d er 1. 50 $1 . 6, 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 . 9 0 2 . 0 0 2 . 10 2 . 2 0 2. 30 2. 40 $2. 50 2 . 60 2. 70 $2 . 80 2 . 9 0 $3. 00 $3. 10 $3. 20 $ 3. 30 $3 .4 0 $ 3. 50 $ 3. 60 $ 3. 70 $3. 80 $ 3. 90
and
$
an d
1. 50 u n d er
1 . 60 1. 70 1 . 80 1 .9 0 2 . 0 0 2 . 10 2 . 2 0 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2 . 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3 . 40 3. 50 3. 60 3. 70 3. 80 3. 90 o v e r
-

8

-

-

-

3
3

15
15

24
23

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

6

1

-

_
-

-

.

.
-

11
11

1

16
11

5

32
29
3

40
34
6

20
16

.
-

-

-

8

15

8

6

9
3

29
20

9

6

9

-

1

1

8

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

-

-

-

11

11

1

-

1

35
17
18

23
17

6

-

26
10
16

28
24
4

60
27
33
27

45
29

36

81
50
31
14
13

16
11

-

13

48
26
22
4
6

74

66
8

11

7
4

2

10

2

2

-

121

28
3
25

23

11

25

11
12

16

39
19

6

9

20

2

149
129

36
23
13

19
7

48
48

12

19
7
6

12

305
295

1

80
45
35
16

20
5

114
95
19
2
4
164
43
36
5

1

10

8

9

4
_
4

-

24
24
24

_
_

15
11
4

_
_
_

4
4

3

1
8

-

1

8

38
8
30

38
31
7
2

8

8

-

2

2

4

_

76
5
71
71
14
14
_

12
12

1

'

See fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .




2

_

2
2
.
_
_

5
5

13
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations— Continued
(A v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r m en in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u stry d iv isio n , B o sto n , M a s s ., O c to b e r 1962)
N UM BER OF WORKERS RE CE IVIN G STR AIGH T-TIM E H OURLY EARNINGS OF—

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s try d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

F ire m e n , s ta tio n a r y b o ile r ______ ______
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------H e lp e rs , m a in te n a n c e tr a d e s ___________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________ __

532
325
207
634
458
176

297
M a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r s , to o lro o m
297
M a n u fa c tu rin g _________________________
M a c h in ists, m a in te n a n c e ________________ 1, 003
947
M a n u fa c tu rin g _________________________
56
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________ __
46
P u b lic u tilitie s 2 ___________________
637
M e c h a n ic s, a u to m o tiv e (m a in te n a n c e )__
93
M a n u fa c tu rin g _________________________
544
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________
425
P u b lic u tilitie s 2 ___________________
103
W h o le sale tr a d e ----------------------------1, 504
M e c h a n ic s, m a in te n a n c e ________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g _________________________ 1, 223
281
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________ ______
R ptni 1 fra r\ *»
=
125
' M a n u fa c tu rin g _______ _________________
O ile rs ________________ ________ _________
armf a r,'Hi vi n
P a in te r s , m a in te n a n c e ___________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ___ ____________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ______ _____________
P ip e f itte r s , m a in te n a n c e ____________ __
M a n u fa c tu rin g ___ ____________________
P lu m b e rs , m a in te n a n c e _________________
a m i f a n f i i - r i n nr

S h e e t-m e ta l w o rk e rs , m a in te n a n c e ____
M a n u fa c tu rin g _________________________
T o o l and d ie m a k e rs _____________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ________________ ____________________
1
2
3
4

281
272
208
193
388
208
180
40
61
526
493
77
51
165
149
919
875

Average . U nder $1.50 * 1 . 6 0 *1.70 $ 1.80 *1 . 9 0 $2 . 0 0 $2 . 1 0 *2 . 2 0 $2.30 *2.40 *2.50 $ 2 . 6 0 *2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $ 3.00 $3.10 $ 3.20 *3.30 $ 3.40 $ 3.50 *3.60 $ 3.70 *3.80 *3.90
hourly
and
earnings 1 $
and
1.50 u n der
1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2 . 6 0 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 o v e r
$ 2.43 27
2 38
2.50 3 27
_
2.35
2.31
2.46
2.84
2.84
2.92

2.91
3.06
3.08
2.77
2.81
2.76
2.71
2.99
2.72
2.68
2 .9 2

2.89
2.82
2.82

4
4

3
3

11
11

1
1

22
12

6
6

_
-

36
34

14
11
3

55
40
15

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_
_
-

_
-

"

_
-

-

2.85
2.89

-

_
-

"

_

16

-

16

_

32
14
18

60
46
14

31
28
3

109

81
38
43
33

22
8
2

28

56
50

22

100
9

-

-

_
-

_
-

1

-

_
“
24
24

_
-

.
80
80

"
19
17
27

8
8

14

_
-

25
25
17

_
-

"
_

-

-

14
14

88
88

58
58
56

2

25
5
20
15
4

58
58
51
5

101
101

244
243

81
79

-

1

30
30

67

68
66
2

2

65
65
53
46
7
7

12

~
40
40
49
34
15
11

"

88

76
12
10

10

9

29
28

19
14

8
8

1
1

7
3

9

27
20
7

30

7

1
2

33
27
6
4

19
4

28
28
17
2
15
4

15
15
3

7
7
4

21
21

72
54

81
81

2

9

10

1
1

3

1
1

_

28
18
85
85

33
31

9

13
13
32
32

27
11
16

18

8

1

5

7
2
3

-

-

"

12
12

2
2

13
13

_

_

_

_

3

2.91
3.14
3.15

2
1

8

7
48
23 ------ E ~
1
25
23 111
4 1 11
19
19
57
68
57
68
113 1 1 2
103 103
10
9
10
9
26 140
14
16
10
126
9 111
8
"
105 178
97 109
8
69
4
59
19 137
19 136

27
23

6
21

2.9 0

1

9
13

51
42
9
32
32

1
1

18
18
3
3

10

8

28
28
32
31

2
2

~

1
_

E x c lu d e s p re m iu m p a y fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w eek e n d s, h o lid a y s, and la te sh ifts.
T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u blic u tilitie s .
W o rk e rs w e re d is trib u te d a s fo llow s: 4 at $ 1 .2 0 to $ 1 .3 0 ; and 23 a t $ 1 .4 0 to $ 1 .5 0 .
F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , an d r e a l e s ta te .




13

_
-

24
24

_

22
9

1

"

_

"

-

65
64

30
27
3
32
28
4

_
-

1
1

2 .2 6
2.2 6

2.57
2.78
2.33
2 .9 1
2.05
2.94
2.94

2

34

42
42
18

18
18
18

8
10

11

_

5

1
8

2
3

2

5
5

11

6

4

109
109

67
22
45
24
24
24
3
3

-

30
30
5
5

75
75

23
23
94
92

~
35
4
31

79
72
7
93

59

19
44
27
17
15

91
51
40

49
33
16

218
160
58

22
20

12
12

178
157
21
16
4
4

55
54

1

12

9

8
1

_

6

2

2

2

10

-

240
237
3
"
16
16
7
9
17
13
4

11
11

31
12

19
19
10
6

4
4
65
16
49
b

4
4

-

-

-

"
34
34
-

-

_
14

_

_
-

-

-

-

"

1
1

2

_
_
-

"
_

-

2
2

3
3

2

-

2
2

16
16

2

-

11

_
"
5
5
-

-

5
3

2
-

2

-

_

_
-

_
_
"
_
_
"

1
1

45
29
16
16

54
54
-

14
4

7
6
1

17
17
-

_

19
15
37
31

125
123
4
3

120

5
5

29
23

3
3

8

57
56
146
114

20

_

1
1

_

-

"

13
13

164
164

11
11

7
43
43

10
9

117
5
3
18

111

103

-

_
-

_
-

-

1
1

_
-

-

"

-

"

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

-

"

"

-

185
185

4
4

_

2
2

_

_

14

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a sis
by in d u s try d iv isio n , B o sto n , M a ss. , O c to b e r 1962)
NUM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGH T-TIM E HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

E le v a to r o p e ra to rs , p a s s e n g e r (m en) —

440
435
261
109

E le v a to r o p e ra to rs , p a s s e n g e r
(w om en) ------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________
R e ta il tra d e ________________________
G u a rd s and w a tc h m e n ----------------------------M a n u fac tu rin g ------------------------------------G u a rd s -------------------------------------------W atch m en __________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------J a n ito rs , p o r te r s , and c le a n e rs (m en) —
M a n u fac tu rin g ------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------P u b lic u tilitie s 4 ---------------------------W h o lesale tra d e ___________________
R e ta il tra d e ----------------------------------F in a n c e 3 ___________________________
S e rv ic e s ____________________________
J a n ito rs , p o r te r s , and c le a n e rs
(w om en) ------------------------------------------------M a n u fac tu rin g ------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------R e ta il tra d e ----------------------------------F in a n rp ^
L a b o re rs , m a te ria l h an d lin g ----------------M a n u fac tu rin g -----------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------P n K lir n tilitio o ^
W h o lesale tra d e ----------------------------R e ta il tra d e ________________________
S e rv ic e s ____________________________
O rd e r f ille r s -------------------------------------------M a n u fac tu rin g ------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________
W h o lesale tra d e ___________________
R e ta il tra d e ________________________
P a c k e rs , sh ip p in g (m en) -----------------------M a n u fac tu rin g ------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------W h o lesale tra d e ----------------------------"Retail tTarl**
P a c k e rs , sh ip p in g (w om en) -------------------M a n u fac tu rin g ------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------R e ta il tra d e ________________________
R e c e iv in g c le rk s _________________________
M a n u fac tu rin g ------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------W h o lesale tra d e ----------------------------R e ta il tra d e ----------------------------------S ee fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .




Average $1 . 0 0 $1 . 10 $1 . 2 0 $1. 30 $1.4 0 $1. 50 $1 . 6 0 $1. 70 $1 . 80 $1 .9 0 $2 . 0 0 $2 . 10 $2 . 2 0 $2. 30 $2. 40 $2. 50 $2 . 60 $2. 70 $2 . 80 $2 . 9 0 $3. 00 $3. 10 $3. 20 $3. 30
hourly
earnings , and
and
under
1 . 10 1 . 2 0 1. 30 1. 40 1. 50 1 . 60 1. 70 1.8 0 1 .90 2 . 0 0 2 . 10 2 . 2 0 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2 . 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 o v e r
32
4 206
44
$ 1. 46
11
11
10
4
3
5
99
10
1
4 206
3
1
4
1. 45
32
44
11
11
10
10
99
11
9
7
5
1 .51
198
31
6
6
1. 32
85
12

285
272
171
3, 233
1, 027
616
411
2 , 206
4, 630
2, 205
2, 425
435
95
479
545
871

1. 31
1. 30
1. 27
1 . 79
2 . 13
2 . 20
2. 03
1. 63
1 . 80
1. 95
1. 67
2 . 11
1 . 80
1. 65
1 . 61
1. 48

_
_
4
4
4
_

76
76
57
207
_
207
64
64
_
32

1, 727
160
1, 567
84
906
4, 861
2, 321
2, 540
905
625
873
126
2, 064
619
1, 445
873
523
1, 381
816
565
355
127
685
579
106
94
766
311
455
177
148

1. 45
1. 77
1. 42
1 . 28
1. 39
2. 14
2 . 00
2. 27
2. 52
2 . 28
2 . 10
1. 67
2. 15
2 . 19
2. 14
2. 07
2. 31
2. 03
2 . 10
1. 94
2. 17
1. 43
1 . 60
1 . 61
1. 56
1. 55
2 . 12
2. 17
2 . 10
2 . 09
2 . 09

_
-

64
64
26
4
37
3
34

_
-

_

-

_
-

_

-

-

_

-

‘

1

31

_

34
8

-

8

-

8
22
6

16
-

16
10
10

-

_
"

57
57
22

107
22
22

85
342
21
321
2

42
277

99
99
91
138
_
138
210

26
184
11

79

8
86

117 . 580
18
99 580
25
25
2 501
102
160
41
98
62
61
_ 25
52
30
3
9
34
28.
11
5
23
23
11
15
12

63
15
48
11
34
55
40
15
15
2

-

2
2

8

53
33
20
-

14
84
73
11
11

4
4
4

28
17

18
18

2

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

1
1

600
3

455
9
_
9
446
640
257
383
20
125
127

156
39
11
28
117
580
266
314
7
11
31
72
193

134
52
52
82
343
193
150
18
15
12
60
45

130
81
51
30
49
314
156
158
12
27
12
61
46

131
81
26
55
50
491
420
71
28
14

399
315
290
25
84

89
23
17

99
90
_
9
9
4

134
82
28
54
52
354
267
87
40
7
10
14
16

332
7
325
81

48
24
24
2
18
285
192
93
34
27
30
63
9
54
40
14

44
38
6
4

22
6

36
33
3

21
8

24
13

2

2

239
181
58
13
31

384
325
59
34
12
13
105
7
98
78

361
272
89

222

1

1
2

597
321
43
278
12

9
38
179
40
432

6

426

2
296

111

156 1 2 0
104 r 40
52
80
12
14
24
41
15
24
85
75
12
10
73
65
39
48
2
72 105
47
35
25
70
33
13
25
96 2 0 1
76 1 9 0
20
11
11
18
23
32
11
5
12
27
9
8
6

101

33

68

46
7
56
42
14
4
52
10
42
20
7

12

143
13
130
100

30
28
12
16
12
4
43
23

20
20
88

43
45
23
5

16

20

63
43
20
15
3
45
41
4
4
26
7
19
10
6

10

19

22
66

186
73
113
96
17
61
32
29
10
5
29
19
10
10

46
36
10
10

211

112

13

148
74
4
58
12

171
127
44
43

1

81
55
26
16
5
21
21

93
25
68
21

33

6
66

240
145
95
89
2
_
4

192

167
89
78
25
150
54
96
91
2
_
_
3

126
40
3
37

86
121

75
46
16
_
30
_
-

113
59
47
12
54
115
77
38

4
_
_

1

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

27
27
27
_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

75
75
74

-

42

48
25
25
«
23
-

-

_
-

12

9
17
_
-

1
1

_
41
130
106
24
24

5
1
_

11

-

5
5
-

336
165
171

386
232
154
10
104
32

590
212
378
252
67
59

113
23
90
20
60

584
109
475
302
24
149

579
171
408
315
64
29

105
5

20

100
3
1

20
3

-

7
7

96

14
3

7

107
79
28
19
9
192
169
23

224
75
149
147

34
23

79
27
52

218

6

43
43

5
31
27
4
4

51
65
61
4
4

184
20
164
92
72
116
116

16
15

2
2

10
10

5
5

65
38
27
24
3

38
33
5

108
27
81
18

24
16

59

112

266
81
185
172
13
164
131
33
21

12
12

83
28
55
30
25

1
1

8

20
1
1
1

2
111
68

2
1

1
1

-

10

11
6

11

1

8
1

7

116

6
212
1
211
10
6

4
4

-

_

.

_

_
_
_

_

_

-

_
_

_
_

_

-

-

-

_
9
9
3
3
-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

12
12

2

_
_
_
_

3
3
3
9
9
-

-

-

-

40
10
30
9
14

15
2
13
8
2

7
2
5
2
2

25
25
14
14

_
'

1

11
1
10
10

-

6
6

“

-

2
2

_

-

_

_

_
_
_
_
_
-

3
3
_
_
-

11
11

_
-

_

_
_

6
6

_
_
"

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v erag e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u stry d iv isio n , B o sto n , M a ss. , O c to b e r 1962)
NUM BER OF WORKERS RE CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E HOURLY EARN ING S OF—

O c c u p a tio n 13 and in d u s try d iv isio n
2

Number
of
workers

S hipping c le r k s ___________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------- ----------W h o le sale tra d e ______ ___________
R e ta il tr a d e ________________________
S hipping and re c e iv in g c le r k s ___________
M a n u fa c tu rin g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------W h o le sale tra d e ___________________
T r u c k d r iv e r s 5 ___________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4 ___________________
W h o le sale tra d e ----------------------------R e ta il tra d e ---------------- ---------------S e rv ic e s ---- ■------------------------------------T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d e r
1 1/z to n s) -------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------W h o le sale tra d e -----------------------T r u c k d riv e rs , m e d iu m ( 1 V2 to
and in c lu d in g 4 to n s) -----------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------ __ ----------W h o le sale tra d e ________________
R e ta il tra d e -----------------------------T r u c k d riv e rs , h eav y (o v e r 4 to n s,
t r a i l e r ty p e) -------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4 ----------------------W h o le sale tra d e ________________
T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s,
o th e r th a n t r a i l e r type) ------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------P u b lic u tilitie s 4 ----------------------W h o le sale tra d e -----------------------T r u c k e rs , p o w e r (fo rk lift) ______________
M a n u fa c tu rin g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------R e ta il traH p

575
325
250
127
77
520
231
289
71
3, 914
843
3, 071
1,492
943
494
133

T r u c k e rs , p o w e r (o th e r th a n
fo rk lift) --------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------------1
2
3
4
5

551
286
265
141

Average $1 . 0 0 $1 . 10 $1 . 2 0 $1. 30 $1.40 $1. 50 $1 . 6 0 $1. 70 $1 . 80 $1. 90 $2 . 0 0 $2 . 10 $2 . 2 0 $2. 30 $2. 40 $2. 50 $2 . 60 $2. 70 $2 . 80 $2 . 90 $3. 00 $3. 10 $3. 20 $3. 30
hourly
earnings 2 and
and
u n d er
1 . 10 1 . 2 0 1. 30 1. 40 1. 50 1 . 60 1. 70 1 . 80 1. 90 2 . 0 0 2 . 10 2 . 2 0 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2 . 80 2 . 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 o v e r
$ 2 . 24
5
2
40
58
32 114
50
13
1
42
42
10
2
16
35
56
11
7
5
19
3
12
5
21
2. 27
12
20
13
66
23
21
38
5 22
36
8
2
7
5
6
3
12
_
_
_
_
_
2
2 . 21
1
1
16
20
37
48
18
14
2
14
6
28
19
19
5
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_ _
_
2 . 26
24
40
5
5
16
18
10
9
2
1
8
5 21
2
2 . 20
1
1
1
1
8
3
4
19
“
_
_
_
_
1
8
11
62 134
7
6
44
22
53
18
2 . 22
26
48
15
10
24
3 13
1
14
- 12
_ _
_
_
10
22
31
54
12
2. 27
11
11
14
1
36
17
1
2 . 18
8
7
15
31
17
80
1
6
33
8
31
12
3
10
7
3
1
1
14
4
12
12
2. 33
25
1
1
1
14
1
"
"
“
"
_
_
_
_
1
102
17
50
53
41
140 I l l 277 1 6 6 199 244 1380 241 1 1 2 23
2. 56
26
51
47 3 207
_ 205
_
_
30
100
24
51
35
27
92
2. 53
1
61
70
34
13 1 0 0
_
1
2
_
50
26
21
40
76 216 139 129 152 1346 228
2. 56
17
12 23
2
29
89
47 3
_ _
_
1
2. 65
1 1227 224
1 20
9
9
_ _
_
_ 22
11
12
45 113
5
2. 56
46
66
24 1 2 1
1
13
86
2
3 373
_
_
_
_
_
_
5
14
4
4
31
81
71
2. 44
8
16
93
20
33
3
2
100
9
4
34
14
1
46
13
2. 05
11
10
2 . 11

2. 37
1 . 82
1. 71

"

-

9
9
-

46
46
46

-

8

282
739
284
317

2 . 60

2. 42
2. 35
2 . 39
2 . 28

-

-

-

-

1, 444
114
1, 330
807
429

2. 77
2 . 61
2. 78
2 . 68
2 . 96

-

621
83
538
411
84

2 . 60
2. 38
2. 63
2. 65
2. 50

764
510
254
93
109

2. 42
2. 38
2. 52
2. 46

172
167

2. 37
2. 36

1, 021

2.

-

-

-

8

4
4
4

-

-

-

-

8
-

-

38
1
37
5

82
80

3
• 3
-

20
20

22

21

1

"

22
22

21

-

4
4
4

32
24
8
-

17
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

-

8

-

12
12

-

-

2

“
-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3
1
2

20

18
2

18
17

1

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

26
26

5
5

5
2
3

4
4

41
41
-

-

_
-

50
50
_

_
_

_
_
_

145
42
103
22
71

147

89
12
77
-

3
3
3

41
31
10
9

7
7
-

_
-

103
103
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

-

12
10
2

66
66

221

24

-

2

-

684
14
670
587
62

221
220
1

2

3
3
3

420
420
359

_

_
_
-

_
_
-

34
10
24
24

26
11
15
15

25
3

12

12

26
_
26
9

1
1

-

_
_
_
-

118
84
34
28

92
54
38

145
103
42

13
13
-

_

12

433
6
427
399
24

12

22

90
65
25
15

101

_

10

25
76
76

_

18
16
15
15

16
16

15
15

79
17
62
45

34
25
9

12
10
2

3

60
6
54

20
6

16

1

14
14

193
22
171
89
81

125
3
122
51
71

1
1

1
1

12

10

-

12

-

39
39

-

1

66

19
18

51
16
35

22
22

D a ta lim ite d to m e n w o rk e rs e x c ep t w h e re o th e rw ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p re m iu m p ay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w eek en ds, h o lid a y s, and la te sh ifts.
F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s .
In c lu d e s a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s of s iz e and ty p e of tru c k o p e ra te d .




34
25
9
“

1

-

-

11
11

52
47
5
4
1

20
20

6

-

-

20
12

50
48

1
2

3
12
12

1

8

139
109
20

-

-

24
6

8

-

22
2

-

6
6

-

_

47
47

12
12

-

-

-

_

-

-

10
10

-

_

-

5

8
8

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

2

4
4

10

-

_
_

16

B:

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers

(D is tr ib u tio n o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d in a ll in d u s tr i e s an d in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r y fo r s e le c te d c a te g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s , B o s to n , M a s s ., O c to b e r 1962)
I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c tu rin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s tr a i g h t - ti m e s a la r y 1

A ll
in d u s tr i e s

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o rk e r s 2
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

M a n u fa c tu rin g

B a s e d on s ta n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 ofA ll
s c h e d u le s

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

36V4

37 Vz

40

XXX

XXX

182

XXX

XXX

XXX

16
-

"

35
1
10
6
4
4
5
2
1
1
1
"

93
7
11
27
9
13
3
8
5
2
2
1
1
1
3

10
4
3
2
1
-

18
2
3
6
1
3
1
2
-

38
2
8
4
5
2
4
4
1
2
1
1
1
3

37 V2

A ll
s c h e d u le s

272

90

160

59
4
2
17
10
8
1
7
5
2
-

272

90

151
_
10
12
46
16
24
3
15
10
2
4
1
1
1
1
2
3

58
3
1
19
7
11
7
5
2
1
1
1
-

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g no s p e c ifie d
m in im u m __________________________________________

71

24

XXX

XXX

47

XXX

XXX

XXX

80

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ic h d id n o t e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a te g o r y ---------------------------------------------------

50

8

XXX

XXX

42

XXX

XXX

XXX

32

E s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d ___________________________
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g a s p e c ifie d
m in im u m --------------------------------------------------------------$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 55. 00
$ 57. 50
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 62. 50
$ 65. 00
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2. 50
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 77. 50
$ 80. 00
$ 82. 50

and
an d
and
an d
an d
an d
and
and
and
and
and
an d
and
an d
an d
and
and
an d

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
over

$ 4 2 . 50 ____________________
$ 4 5 . 00 ____________________
$ 4 7 . 50 _____________________
$ 50. 00 ____________________
$ 5 2 .5 0 _____________________
$ 5 5 .0 0 ____________________
$ 57. 50 ____________________
$ 6 0 . 00 _____________________
$ 6 2 .5 0 ____________________
$ 65 . 00 ____________________
$ 6 7. 50 _____________________
$ 7 0 .0 0 ____________________
$ 7 2 .5 0 _____________________
$ 7 5 .0 0 ____________________
$ 7 7 . 50 ____________________
$ 8 0. 00 ____________________
$ 82. 50 ____________________
_______________________________

-

8
1
4
3
-

2
2
14
19
44
17
17
4
15
12
2
3
1
2
3
3

37 Vz

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

36V4

37 Vz

40

182

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

35
1
9
6
4
1
4
5
2
-

101

11

21

41

2
2
10
17
27
7
9
3
8
7
2
1
1

1
2
-

1
1
3

1
5
3
1
1
-

1
3
1
8
2
4
2
-

3
1
9
4
3
3
4
6
1
1
1

1
2
-

17
1
1
6
3
3
3
-

26

XXX

XXX

54

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

27

XXX

XXX

XXX

-

T h e s e s a la r i e s r e la t e to f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m s ta r t in g (h irin g ) r e g u la r s tr a i g h t - ti m e s a la r i e s th a t a r e p a id fo r s ta n d a r d w o rk w e e k s .
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o ffic e g ir l .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a ll s ta n d a r d w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d , an d fo r th e m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a r d w o rk w e e k s r e p o r te d .




N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

B a s e d o n s ta n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f

-

-

-

1
1
3




17
Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(S h ift d if f e r e n t ia ls o f m a n u f a c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e a n d a m o u n t of d if f e r e n t ia l,
B o s to n , M a s s ., O c to b e r 1962)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s —
S h ift d if f e r e n tia l

In e s ta b li s h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

A c tu a lly w o rk in g o n —

S e c o n d s h if t
w o rk

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h if t w o rk

S e c o n d s h if t

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h if t

T o ta l ___ __ -----------------------------------------------------------

8 1 .5

7 2 .6

1 2.7

2 .7

W ith s h if t p a y d if f e r e n t ia l ________________________

7 8 .8

7 2 .6

12.3

2 .7

U n if o r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r ) _____________________

3 8 .0

3 2 .4

6 .7

1.5

5 c e n ts ________________________________________
6 c e n ts ________________________________________
7 c e n ts ------------------------ ------------------------------7 1! z c e n ts __ ________________ _________ __
8 c e n ts ___________________________________ —
9 c e n ts __ — -----------------------------------------------1 0 c e n t s ______________________________________
I I V 2 c e n ts ___________________________________
12 c e n ts _________________________________ —
1 21 /2 c e n ts --------------------------------------------- —
13 c e n ts ______________________________________
14 c e n ts ___ ________________________________
15 c e n ts ______________________________________
17 c e n ts ______________________ ______________
1 9 c e n ts _______ ____________________________
25 c e n ts ______________________________________
27 c e n ts ______________________________________

7 .0
2 .7
2 .9
1.2
2 .4
1.6
1 3 .2
.7
2 .0
2 .8
1.4

U n if o r m p e r c e n ta g e ___________________________

-

28 .1

5 p e r c e n t _____________________________________
7 p e r c e n t _____________________________________
7 1/2 p e r c e n t _________________________ ______
10 p e r c e n t ___________________________________
I 2 V 2 p e r c e n t ________________________________
15 p e r c e n t ___________________________________

2 .6
3.9
.8
1 9.6
1.0

F u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ___________
O th e r f o r m a l p a y d if f e r e n t ia l _______________

3 10 .4
2.7

-

2 .0
4 .2
.8
.6
1 0.3
1.0
.7
1.9
1.0
6 .3
-

2 .0
.7
.7
2 9 .8

2 .4

W ith n o s h if t p a y d if f e r e n t ia l ------------------------------

_

1.1
3 .0
2 1 .6
.8
3.3

1.5
.6
.4
.3
.3
.3
1.7
.1
.8
.5
.3
"
3 .7

(2 3
)
.8
.1
(2 )
.1
.2
.1

.4
.8
.1
2.1
.2

.1
.1
.5
(2 )

_
-

.1
.1

(2 )
.7

0

.1
3 10 .4

1.7
.4

1 In c lu d e s e s ta b li s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a tin g la te s h if t s , a n d e s ta b li s h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h if ts
e v e n th o u g h th e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a tin g la t e s h if ts .
2 L e s s th a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t.
3 In c lu d e s c e n t s - p e r - h o u r d if f e r e n t ia ls w h ic h v a r y b y la b o r g r a d e , a n d a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r c e n t a g e p lu s c e n t- s - p e r - h o u r
d if f e r e n t ia l.

18
Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n of o ffic e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr i e s an d in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s by s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s
o f f i r s t s h ift w o r k e r s , B o sto n , M a s s . , O c to b e r 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS
W eek ly h o u r s

A ll w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------------------U n d e r 35 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------35 h o u rs -----------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 35 an d u n d e r 36 V 4 h o u r s __________________
3 6 V4 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 6 V 4 an d u n d e r 3 7 V 2 h o u r s --------------------37 V2 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 7 1/ z an d u n d e r 38 h o u r s --------------------------38 h o u rs -----------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 38 an d u n d e r 3 8 2 /^ h o u r s --------------------------382/3 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------383/4 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 383/4 an d u n d e r 40 h o u r s --------------------------40 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 40 an d u n d e r 44 h o u r s ------------------------------44 an d u n d e r 48 h o u r s ------------------------------ ---------48 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4

All
industries

100
1

13
2

7
3
26
1

4

1
1
6

(4 )
35
-

(4)
(4 )

Manufacturing

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 2
1

100

100

100

100

100

2

6
1

11

18
5
15

(4 )
_
(4 )
23
12

-

1

_

2

-

61

_

49
49
-

5
25
-

-

12

4

10
16

-

1
8
12
6

50

4
28

-

-

1

1

T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u til iti e s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s ta te .
In c lu d e s d a ta fo r r e a l e s ta te in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh o w n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




PLANT WORKERS

Public j
utilities

2

6

30
-

11
1

-

8

5
-

Services

All 3
industries 3

100

18
8

-

6

13
-

10

45
-

(4)

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

1
1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

(4)
1
5
(4 )
2
2

(4 )
(4 )
81
1
2

4

5
-

89
3
2

96

-

4

87
3
8

2

5

6
2

-

1

-

8
1

2

2

46
5

89
-

-

-

9
11
-

10

-

1

19
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n of o ffic e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr i e s a n d in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y n u m b e r of p a id h o lid a y s
p ro v id e d a n n u a lly , B o sto n , M a s s ., O c to b e r 1962)
Ite m

OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

W o rk e r s in e s ta b li s h m e n t s p ro v id in g
p a id h o lid a y s ______________________________________
W o rk e r s in e s ta b li s h m e n t s p ro v id in g
n o p a id h o lid a y s ___ __ __ __ _________ __ -----

Manufacturing

Public j
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance13
2

Services

All ,
industries

Manufacturing

Public !
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

A ll w o r k e r s

All
industries

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

98

100

99

98

100

100

100

93

94

(4 )

2

2

7

6

16
13
4
16
10
13
10
2
10
(4 )

2

(4 )

N u m b e r off d a y s
L e s s th a n 6 h o lid a y s ________________________________
6 h o lid a y s ____________________________________________
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ________________________
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s __________________ ___
7 h o lid a y s __ _________ ________________________ —
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ________________________
8 h o l i d a y s ________ _________ _____ ____________
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ________________________
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ___ _________ _____
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 3 h a lf d a y s ----------------------------------9 h o lid a y s __________________________________________ _
9 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ____ ____________ ___
9 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ______________ _____
10 h o lid a y s ----- -------- __ -------- -----------------------10 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _______________________
10 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ______________________
11 h o lid a y s ___ _________ — — _____ __________
11 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ___ _________ __ ___
11 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _______________ ___
12 h o lid a y s a n d o v e r __ __ ______________________

(4 )
1
(4 )
1
(4 )
6
5
1
(4 )
9
3
1
17
6
1
36
10
1
2

<4 )
4
(4 )
1
3
1
4
14
2
12
3
2
18
5
3
30
1
(4)

1
3
12
50
56
74
77
86
91
97
97
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99

(4)
2
35
40
59
63
76
90
95
96
99
99
99
99
100
100
100
100

_

1
3
3
8
9
42
33
"

_
6
9
3
2
46
3
26
2
3

_

_
2
3
12
3
52
25
1
2

_
1
14
2
1
18
16
3
39
(4 )
6

3
6
1
1
9
2
17
7
1
11
4
1
19
7
1
8
(4 )

_

2
3
29
81
83
95
98
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

6
6
6
45
48
64
65
83
86
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99

(4 )
c>
(4 )
9
17
36
41
53
60
77
79
88
89
95
95
95
97
97
98

12
3
36
18
2
(4 )
23
(4 )
5
-

1
4
1
1
10
3
17
11
2
13
6
1
15
7
2
6
-

1
4
20
2
10
4
36
21
-

2
3
5
11
1
4
42
31
-

4
10
2
30
4
4
39
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

To tal h o lid a y t im e 5

121l z o r m o r e d a y s __ __ __ _______ __ __ ___
12 o r m o r e d a y s _ ____________ __________________
I I V 2 o r m o r e d a y s __ _____ ________________ —
11 o r m o r e d a y s _ _____ _________ ____________
I 0 V 2 o r m o r e d a y s __ _____ ____________________
10 o r m o r e d a y s ____ ___ ___ _______ ___ _______ ___
9 V 2 o r m o r e d a y s ______ _________ _________ —
9 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________
8 V 2 o r m o r e d a y s __________________________________
8 o r m o r e d a y s __ _____ _________ ______________
7 1l z o r m o r e d a y s _____________ ____________ ___
7 o r m o r e d a y s __________ __ _____ ____________
6 1/a o r m o r e d a y s __________________________________
6 o r m o r e d a y s _____________ ______________________
5 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________ _______
4 o r m o r e d a y s _____________________________________
3 o r m o r e d a y s ________________________________ __
2 o r m o r e d a y s __________ ________________________
1 o r m o r e d a y s __ __ _____________________________
1
2
3
4
5
n o h a lf

_
-

33
75
84
84
92
92
96
96
99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100

_

5
5
34
34
82
84
94
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

5
5
5
5
28
30
48
48
84
84
87
87
98
98
98
98
98
98

8
14
30
36
51
62
79
82
94
95
99
99
100
100
100
100

21
58
62
62
72
72
74
74
95
95
99
99
99
99
100
100

31
31
77
79
90
95
95
95
98
98
98
98
100
100
100
100

39
42
47
47
77
77
79
79
89
89
89
89
91
93

0
n

(4 )

10
12
22
22

36
46
61
61
65
65
78
78
78
92
94
94

T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s ta te .
In c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s ta t e in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s try d iv is io n s sh o w n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
A ll c o m b in a tio n s o f f u ll a n d h a lf d a y s th a t ad d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r tio n of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g a to ta l of 7 d a y s in c lu d e s th o s e w ith 7 fu ll d a y s an d
d a y s , 6 fu ll d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll d a y s an d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d so on. P r o p o r tio n s w e r e th e n c u m u la te d .




20

Table B-5. Paid Vacations
( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u tio n of o ffic e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr i e s a n d in in d u s try d iv is io n s by v a c a tio n p a y
p r o v is io n s , B o s to n , M a s s . , O c to b e r 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a tio n p o lic y
A ll w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------

PLANT WORKERS

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public j
utilities

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
90
9
-

100
85
15
-

100
97
3
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

96
88
8
4

Retail trade

Finance2

Services

All 3
industries

Manufacturing

Public j
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

M ethod of p a y m e n t

W o rk e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
p a id v a c a tio n s ----------------------------------------------------L e n g th - o f - tim e p a y m e n t — --------------------------P e r c e n ta g e p a y m e n t --------------------------------------F la t- s u m p a y m e n t ------------------------------------------O th e r -----------------------------------------------------------------W o rk e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no p a id v a c a tio n s -----------------------------------------------

(4 )

Am ount of v a c a t io n p a y 5

A fte r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e

4
47
8
28

_

4
64
3
17

_

25
11
43

2
46
21
11

1
68
2
-

6
30
10
47

(4 )
58
15
16

22
25
3
4

38
16
1
1

_
21
12
38

7
41
16
3

(4 )
47
-

6
23
11
2

1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

4
(4 )
90
(4 )
5

2
(4 )
95
3

14
86
-

_
3
97
(4 )
-

24
76
-

_
90
10

8
81
6
6

(4 )
60
3
34
1
1

76
6
17
1

22
75
1

24
73
4
-

44
56
-

3
58
29
6
(4 )

1
1
89
3
6

1
95
1
3

3
11
86
_
-

2
98
(4 )
-

100
-

85
3
12

2
74
18
6

32
16
49
2
1

44
29
25
2
1

22
77
1

15
(4 )
81
4
-

10
90
-

28
3
59
6
(4 )

1

(4 )
95
1
3

3
96

2
98
(4 )

_

85
3
12

2
65
18
15

10
14
73
2
1

11
25
62
2
1

8
86
6

4
3
89
4
-

2
98
-

22
3
65
6
(4 )

(4 )
94
1
4
-

3
96

85
3
12
-

2
65
18
11
4

9
12
75
2
2
"

11
21
64
2
2
-

4
90
6
-

4
3
89
4
“

2
98
-

22
65
9
(4 )
-

(4 )
82
5
12

1
96
3

2
88
(4 )
10

(4 )
59
18
18
4

2
81
3
14

2
88
4
6

94
6

4
89
4
3

2
52
46

2
83
6
6

'

U n d e r 1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------1 w eek --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

'

"

_

90
3
7
1

1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

89
3
7
(4 )

1 w eek ______________________________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------

(4 )
64
7
29
(4)

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d of ta b le ,




_

_

_

_

1

_

1
-

_

2
98
(4 )
-

-

100
100
'

45
-

55
'

_

40
10
50

-

21

Table B-5. Paid Vacations— Continued
( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f o ffic e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr i e s a n d in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p a y
p r o v is io n s , B o s to n , M a s s ., O c to b e r 1962)
V a c a tio n p o lic y

OFFICE WORKERS
All
industries

Manufacturing

1 w e e k _______________________________________________
2 w e e k s ___________________ ________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s __________________________ _________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ___________________ — ------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s ______________________________________

(4 )
37
4
54
(4 )
4
(4 )

A fte r 12 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ----------------------- -------------------------------

PLANT WORKERS

Public ,
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 23

(4 )
54
4
41
1
-

_
63
37
-

2
53
(4 )
45
-

_
11
46
43
-

(4 )
26
8
60
(4 )
4
(4 )

(4 )
26
15
58
1
'

_
61
39
-

2
41
6
52
-

_
11
46
43
"

(4 )
6
(4 )
88
1
4
(4 )

(4 )
6
92

_
3
97

-

-

2
21
77
-

(4 )
6
(4 )
68
2
24
(4 )

(4 )
6
76
18
-

3
74
23
-

(4 )
4
(4 )
38
1
55
1

(4 )
4

_

3

2
20

-

-

-

Services

All 3
industries

Manufacturing

Public j
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

_
18
8
73
-

(4 )
33
1
55
5
2
4

2
44
6
39
(4 )
8
-

2
51
11
35
2
-

_
62
37
1
-

4
46
6
44
-

2
10
54
34
-

2
53
1
35
4
-

18
8
73
-

(4 )
33
1
55
5
2
4

2
27
18
45
(4 )
8
-

2
25
31
41
2
-

53
46
1
-

4
25
8
63
-

2
10
54
34
"

2
49
1
40
4
"

_
3
94
3
(4 )

(4 )
11
1
77
5
2
4

2
10
1
77
1
9
-

2
9
1
86
1
2
-

_
-

4
12

-

2
9

99
1
-

-

84
-

51
38
-

2
25
1
64
4
-

_
69
31
-

4
12
70
14
-

2
9
17
72
"

2
25
1
57
4
7
"

-

4
11

2
8

-

-

2
22
1
51
4
16

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 5------- C o n ti n u e d
A f te r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

A f te r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _______________________________________________
2 w eeks
_ ___ _____ _____________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------4 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ______________________________________

1
-

-

_

2
53
44
-

-

A f te r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _______________________________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s _______________ __ ________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------4 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ----------------------- -------------------------------

_

2
21
53
24
-

2
38
59
-

3
68
4
25
-

_

(4 )
11
1
70
5
10
4

2
10
1
57
1
29
-

2
9
1
69
1
18
-

_

_

-

-

(4 )
10
1
54
5
26
4

2
9
1
38
2
48

2
9
1
44
3
41

_

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _______________________________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ___________________ _____ _________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ___________________ ________________________
O ver 4 w eeks

52
2
41

25
-

72

46
1
31

2
19
-

79

-

27
-

70
S

.

24
-

76

62
1
21

-

16
-

75

1 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d o th e r p u b lic u til iti e s .
2 F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s ta t e .
3 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s ta t e in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh o w n s e p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
5 In c lu d e s p a y m e n ts o th e r th a n " le n g th of t i m e ," s u c h a s p e r c e n ta g e o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f la t - s u m p a y m e n ts , c o n v e rte d to a n e q u iv a le n t tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d do n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s . F o r e x a m p le , th e
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r tio n s in d ic a te d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p ro v is io n s o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s . E s tim a t e s a r e c u m u la tiv e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r tio n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' p a y
o r m o r e a f te r 5 y e a r s in c lu d e s th o s e w h o r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o re a f te r fe w e r y e a r s of s e r v ic e .




22

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t of o ffic e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr i e s an d in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f its , 12 B o s to n , M a s s ., O c to b e r 1962)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

T y p e of b e n e f it

A ll
in d u s trie s

PLA N T W ORKERS

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic ,
u tilitie s

W ho lesale
tra d e

R e ta il tra d e

F in a n c e 34

Services

in d uAU s *
s trie A

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

L ife in s u r a n c e ____________ ______ ______________ _
A c c id e n ta l d e a th a n d d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e ------------------ ------ ------------------------------S ic k n e s s an d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r b o th 5 ------ ---------------------------------

96

98

97

98

92

97

56

64

75

49

56

50

85

95

98

75

98

72

S ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e ________
S ic k le a v e (fu ll p a y an d no
w a itin g p e rio d ) ____________________________
S ic k le a v e ( p a r ti a l p a y o r
w a itin g p e rio d ) ____________________________

38

60

23

30

61

74

82

88

63

50

3

1

1

6

29

89
88
78
67
83
(6)

98
98
92
61
85
1

55
55
39
76
78

94
91
83
62
67

79
77
71
32
75

A ll w o r k e r s __________ ____ _________________________

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic ,
u tilitie s L

W h o lesale
tr a d e

R e ta il tr a d e

S ervice s

100

100

100

100

100

100

82

94

96

98

92

92

83

44

61

63

72

66

50

66

93

94

97

80

94

84

20

36

74

89

91
32

48

67

61

72

77

21

9

30

45

35

10

5

41

13

15

39
2

86
84
74
36
72
2

96
95
84
42
78
2

61
61
45
71
85

91
90
80
42
62
4

75
73
66
10
74
1

80
72
63
22
32
10

W o rk e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g :

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e ------------------------------S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e _____________________________
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e ______________________________
C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e ------------ ---------------------R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n ____________________________
No h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p la n -------

1 In c lu d e s th o s e p la n s fo r w h ic h a t le a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o rn e
r e ti r e m e n t.
2 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d o th e r p u b lic u til iti e s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s ta te .
4 In c lu d e s d a ta fo r r e a l e s ta te in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s
5 U n d u p lic a te d to ta l of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s an d
th e m in im u m n u m b e r of d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c te d by e a c h e m p lo y e e .
6 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t.




97
97
81
82
91
(6 )

59
54
46
48
71
1

b y th e e m p lo y e r , e x c e p tin g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts su c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r ity , a n d r a il r o a d
sh o w n s e p a r a te ly .
a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a te ly b elo w . S ic k -le a v e p la n s a r e li m ite d to th o s e w h ic h d e f in ite ly e s ta b li s h a t le a s t
I n fo rm a l s ic k - l e a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te rm in e d on a n in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a s s i s t its
field sta ff in classify in g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
title s and different work arrangements from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. This is
e sse n tia l in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
B ecau se of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job description s, the Bureau’ s field econom ists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
B IL L E R , MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem en ts, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May a lso keep records a s
to billin gs or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, machine, are
c la s s ifie d by type of machine, a s follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E lliott
Fish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash R egister, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of b u sin ess transactions.

C l a s s A— eeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
K
and experience in b a sic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system u sed. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sh e e ts, and other records by hand.

B ille r , m a c h in e (h illin g m a c h in e )—U s e s a sp e c ia l billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, E llio tt Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare b ills and in­
v o ices from cu stom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
termined discoun ts and shipping charges and entry of n ecessary
exten sion s, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and to tals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation u su ally involves a large number of carbon co pies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C la s s B —Keeps a record of one or more p h ases or section s of
a se t of records usually requiring little knowledge of b a sic book­
keeping. P h a se s or sectio n s include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), co st distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation of trial
balan ces and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B ille r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e )—U s e s a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E lliott Fish er, Remington Rand, e tc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
b ills a s part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit b alan ces. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of s a le s and
credit s lip s .




C LER K , ACCOUNTING

C la s s A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

23

24
CLERK, A C C O U N T IN G -C ontinued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper a ssig n a tio n s and allocation s. May a s s i s t in preparing,
adjusting and closin g journal entries; and may direct c la s s B a c ­
counting clerks.

C la ss B —
Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such a s posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher re g isters;
reconciling bank accoun ts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general led gers, or posting simple c o st accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in o ffice s in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional b a s is among several
workers.
C LER K , F IL E

C l a s s A— an estab lish ed filing system containing a number
In
of varied su b ject matter file s, c la s s ifie s and indexes file m aterial
such a s correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
a lso file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the file s. May lead a sm all group of lower lev el file
clerk s.
C l a s s B —Sorts, co d es, and file s u n c la ssifie d m aterial by sim ­
ple (su bject matter) headings or partly c la s s ifie d m aterial by finer
subheadings. Prepares sim ple related index and cross-reference
a id s.
As requested lo ca te s clearly identified material in file s
and forwards m aterial. May perform related clerical ta sk s required
to maintain and serv ice file s.

C l a s s C —Performs routine filing of m aterial that h as already
been c la ssifie d or which is e a sily c la ssifie d in a sim ple seria l
c lassificatio n system (e .g ., alph abetical, chronological, or numer­
ic al). As requested, lo c a te s readily availab le m aterial in file s
and forwards m aterial; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual ta sk s required to maintain and
service file s.




CLERK, ORDER
R eceives custom ers’ orders for m aterial or m erchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve a n y c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g :
Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sh eet listin g the item s
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; and distributing order sh e e ts to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

C L E R K , PAYROLL
Computes w ages of company em ployees and enters the n e c e s­
sary data on the payroll sh e e ts. D uties involve: C alculatin g w orkers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calcu lated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such a s worker’s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total w ages due.
May make out paychecks and a s s i s t paym aster in making up and d is ­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculatin g machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of s t a t is ­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent u se of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory re sp o n si­
b ilitie s, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes n e c essary adjustm ent such
a s for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed . Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto m aster. May keep file of used ste n c ils or Ditto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple completed m aterial.

25
KEYPUNCH O PERA TO R

C l a s s A -O p erates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same ta sk s a s lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding s k ills and the making of some determinations, for exam ple,
lo ca te s on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from sev eral documents; and search es for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C la ss B —
Under c lo se supervision or following sp e c ific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched card s. O perates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify card s. Working from various standardized source documents,
follow s sp ecifie d sequen ces which have been coded or prescribed
in d etail and require little or no selectin g, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problem s arising from erroneous items or codes,
m issing information, e tc., are referred to supervisor.

O FF IC E BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such a s running errands, opera­
ting minor office m achines such a s se a le rs or m ailers, opening and d is ­
tributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.

SEC R ETA R Y
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
adm inistrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SEC R ET A R Y — Continued
making phone c a lls ; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own in itiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
sp e cial reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, G EN ER A L
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain file s , keep sim ple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical ta sk s. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STEN O G R A PH ER ,SEN IO R
Primary duty i s to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or sp e c ia liz e d vocabulary such a s in legal briefs or
reports on scien tific research and transcribe dictation. May a lso type
from written copy. May a lso se t up and maintain file s, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significan tly greater
independence and respon sib ility than stenographers, general a s evi­
denced by the follow ing: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general bu si­
n ess and office procedures and of the sp ecific b u sin ess operations,
organization, p o lic ie s, procedures, file s, workflow, etc. U se s this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and respon sible clerical
ta sk s such a s, maintaining followup file s; assem bling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, e tc.; composing sim ple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming m ail; and answering routine
question s, etc. D oes not include transcribing-machine work.

26
SWITCHBOARD O PERATOR
O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
c a lls. May record toll c a lls and take m e ssa g e s. May give information
to persons who call in, or o c casio n ally take telephone orders. For
workers who a lso act a s recep tion ists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERA TO R -C ontinued

C la s s C—
Operates sim ple tabulating or e le ctrica l accoun t­
ing machines such a s the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc.,
with sp ecific instructions. May include sim ple wiring from diagram s
and some filing work. The work typically in volves portions of a
work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or co llatin g runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD O PER A TO R -RECEPTIO N IST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a sin gle p o si­
tion or monitor-type sw itchboard, a c ts a s reception ist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerica l work a s part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this w orker's time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE O PERATO R

C l a s s A— perates a variety of tabulating or ele ctrical a c ­
O
counting m achines, typically including such m achines a s the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assign m en ts without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring a s required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assign m en ts typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of ste p s to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagram s and operating sequen ces of long and complex reports,
D o e s n o t in c lu d e working sup ervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations a n d day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C l a s s B — perates more d ifficu lt tabulating or e lectrical a c ­
O
counting machines such a s the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting e x e rcise , a complete but
sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and stu d ies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well e stab lish e d . May a lso include the training
of new em ployees in the b a sic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE O PERA TO R, G EN ER A L
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a ls o type from
written copy and do sim ple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or sp e c ia liz e d vocabulary such a s le g a l
briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is
c la s s ifie d a s a stenographer, general.
T Y P IST
U se s a typewriter to make co p ie s of various m aterial or to
make out b ills after calculation s have been made by another person.
May include typing of ste n c ils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in
duplicating p ro c e sse s. May do c le ric a l work involving little sp e c ia l
training, such a s keeping simple records, filin g records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming m ail.

C l a s s A—
Performs o n e or m ore o f th e f o llo w in g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it in volves combining m aterial from sev eral
sources err responsibility for correct sp e llin g , sy llab icatio n , punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of com plicated s ta tis tic a l
tab les to maintain uniformity and balan ce in sp acin g. May type
routine form letters varying d e ta ils to su it circum stan ces.
C la s s B —
Performs on e or m ore o f th e f o llo w in g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
ic ie s , etc.; and setting up sim ple standard tabulation s, or copying
more complex tab les already s e t up and sp ac e d properly.

27

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIO R-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(A ssista n t draftsman)
Draws to sc a le units or parts of drawings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
U se s various types of drafting tools a s required. May prepare drawings
from sim ple plan s or sk e tch e s, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dim ensions, m aterials to be used, and quan­
titie s; writing sp ecific atio n s; and making adjustm ents or changes in
drawings or sp ecific atio n s. May ink in lin es and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a sp e cializ e d field such a s architectural, e le c ­
trical, m echanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEA D ER
P lan s and directs activ itie s of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketch es for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
D uties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g : Interpreting blueprints,
sk e tch e s, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
a ssig n in g duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May a s s is t subordinates during emer­
g en cies or a s a regular assignm ent, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or adm inistrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketch es for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. D uties involve a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : Preparing
working p lan s, detail drawings, m aps, cro ss-sectio n s, etc., to s c a le by
use of drafting instrum ents; making engineering computations such a s
those involved in strength of m aterials, beams and tru sse s; verifying

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (R EG IST ER ED )
A registered nurse who g iv es nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
prem ises of a factory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a co m b in a ­
tio n o f th e fo llo w in g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressin g of em ployees* in juries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting ph ysical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
a ctiv itie s affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRA CER
C opies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. U se s
T-square, com pass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
C A R PEN T ER , MAINTENANCE

C A R PEN TER , MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties n ecessary to construct and main­
tain in goodrepair building woodwork and equipment such a s bins, crib s,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, sta irs, c a sin g s, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dim ensions of work; and selectin g m aterials
n ecessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28
ELECTRICIAN , MAINTENANCE

H E L P E R , MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of e lectrical trade functions such a s the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is ­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves m o st o f th e fo llo w in g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such a s generators, transformers, sw itchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit sy stem s,
or other transm ission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay ­
out, or other sp ecificatio n s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or e lectrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician ’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

A ss is ts one or more workers in the sk illed maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of le s s e r sk ill, such a s keeping
a worker supplied with m aterials and to o ls; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; a ssistin g worker by holding m aterials or to o ls;
and performing other unskilled ta sk s a s directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the h elperis permitted to perform v aries from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
m aterials and tools and cleaning working a re a s; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform sp ecialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are a lso performed by workers on a full-time b a s is .

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and m aintains and may a lso supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such a s steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a ls o supervise these operations. H e a d or c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h ­
m en ts e m p lo y in g m ore th an o n e e n g in e e r are e x c lu d e d .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Sp ecializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such a s jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lath e s,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop to ols, g a g e s,
jig s , fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operation s; p rocessin g items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selec tin g fe ed s, sp e e d s, tooling and
operation sequence; and making n e c e ssary adjustm ents during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to d ress to o ls, and to se le c t proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this c la ssific a tio n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BO ILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam . F e e d s fu els to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, g a s, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or a s s i s t in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establish m en t. Work
involves m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : Interpreting written instructions and
sp ecificatio n s; planning and laying out of work; usin g a variety of ma­
ch in ist’ s handtools and pre cision m easuring instrum ents; settin g up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to c lo se toler­
an ces; making standard shop computations relating to dim ensions of
work, tooling, feeds and sp eed s of machining; knowledge of the working

29
MACHINIST, M A IN TEN A N C E-C ontinued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common m etals; selectin g standard m aterials, parts,
and equipment required for h is work; and fitting and assem b lin g parts
into m echanical equipment. In general, the m achinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice u su ally acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

In stalls new m achines or heavy equipment and dism antles and
in sta lls machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work in volves m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other sp e cific atio n s; usin g a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to s tr e s s e s , strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard to o ls, equipment and
parts to be u sed ; and in stallin g and maintaining in good order power
transm ission equipment such a s drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, b u se s, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishm ent. Work in volves m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : Examining automotive
equipment to d iagn ose source of trouble; d isassem bling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the u se of such handtools a s w renches,
g a g e s, d rills, or s p e c ia liz e d equipment in disassem b lin g or fitting parts;
replacing broken or d efectiv e parts from stock; grinding and adjustin g
v a lv e s; reassem blin g and in stallin g the various a sse m b lies in the vehicle
and making n e c e ssary adjustm en ts; and alining w heels, adju stin g brakes
and lig h ts, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usu ally a c ­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R ep airs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Work involves m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : Examining m achines and mechan­
ic a l equipment to diagn ose source of trouble; dism antling or partly d is ­
mantling m achines and performing repairs that mainly involve the u se of
handtools in scrapin g and fitting p arts; replacing broken or defective
parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacem entpart by a machine shop or sen din gof the machine to a machine
shop for major re p airs; preparing written sp ecification s for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassem blin g
m achines; and making a ll n ec essary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a m aintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience u su ally acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experien ce. Excluded from this c la ssific a tio n are
workers whose p rim a ry d u tie s involve setting up or adju stin g m achines.




O ILER
L u bricates, with oil or g re a se , the moving parts or wearing sur­
fa c e s of. mechanical equipment of an establishm ent.

PA IN TER, MAINTENANCE
Pain ts and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s ­
tablishment. Work in v o lv e s th e fo llo w in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
lia ritie s and types of paint required for different ap p licatio n s; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placin g putty or filler
in nail holes and in te rstic e s; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils , white lead , and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or co n sisten cy. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience u su ally acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE
In sta lls or repairs water, steam , g a s , or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
Laying out of work and m easuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written sp e c ific a tio n s; cutting various s iz e s of pipe to
correct lengths with ch ise l and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with sto ck s and d ie s; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven m achines; assem b lin g pipe with couplings

30
P IP E F IT T E R , M A IN T EN A N C E-C ontinued

SHEET-M ETAL WORKER, M A IN T E N A N C E -C ontinued

and fastening pipe to h an gers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to p ressu re s, flow, and s iz e of pipe required; and making standard
te sts to determine whether finished p ip es meet sp e cific atio n s. In general
the work of the m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers p r im a r ily e n g a g e d in in s ta llin g a n d

types of sheet-metal-working m achines; usin g a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem b lin g ; and in sta llin g
sheet-m etal a rticles a s required. In gen eral, the work o f the m aintenance
sheet-m etal worker requires rounded training and experience u su a lly
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

r e p a irin g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n or h e a tin g s y s te m s a re e x c lu d e d .

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; g ag e maker)

PLU M BER, MAINTENANCE
K eeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work in volves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding in stallatio n of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; in stallin g or repairing p ipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plum ber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience u su ally acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F a b rica te s, in s ta lls , and m aintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such a s machine guards, g rease pan s,
sh e lv es, lock ers, tanks, ven tilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishm ent. Work involves m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : Planning and lay ­
ing out a ll types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints,
m odels, or other sp e c ific a tio n s; settin g up and operating a ll av ailab le

Constructs and repairs m achine-shop to o ls, g a g e s, ji g s , fix ­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m o st o f th e fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out o f work from
m odels, blueprints, draw ings, or other oral and written sp e c ific a tio n s;
using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and p recision m eas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
m etals and a llo y s; setting up and operating of machine to o ls and related
equipment; making n e c essary shop computations relatin g to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, fe ed s, and tooling of m achines; h eattreatin g of m etal
parts during fabrication a s well a s of finish ed tools and d ie s to ach ieve
required q u alities; working to c lo se to leran ces; fitting and asse m b lin g
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow an ces; and s e le c tin g appro­
priate m aterials, to ols, and p ro c e sse s. In gen eral, the tool and die
m aker's work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal appren ticesh ip or equivalen t
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die m akers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this c la s s ific a tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATO R O PERA TO R, PA SSEN G ER

GUARD

Transports p a ssen g e rs between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or sim ilar establish m en t.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such a s
those of starters and jan itors are excluded.

Performs routine police d u tie s, either at fixed p o st or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where n e c e ssa ry . I n c lu d e s g a te -




m en w h o are s ta tio n e d a t g a te a n d c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s a n d
o th e r p e r s o n s e n te rin g .

31
JA N ITO R, PO R TER , OR CLEA N ER

PA CKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; jan itress)
C lean s and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or prem ises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishm ent. Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g :
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish ­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance s e r v ic e s; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who sp e c ia liz e in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, s iz e , and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and m ay in v o lv e on e or m ore o f
th e fo llo w in g : Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and siz e of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using e xcelsio r or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealin g container; and applying lab els
or entering identifying data on container. P a c k e r s w h o a ls o m ak e

w o o d e n b o x e s or c r a te s a re e x c lu d e d .

LA BO RER , M ATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve on e 'or m ore o f th e f o llo w ­
in g: Loading and unloading various m aterials and merchandise on or
from freight c a rs, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, sh elv­
ing, or placing m aterials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting m aterials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. L o n g sh o re m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h ip s are e x c lu d e d .

ORDER F IL L E R
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with sp ecification s on s a le s s lip s , cu s­
tomers 9 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating item s filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform other related duties.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C L E R K
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sib le for incoming shipments of merchandise or other m aterials. S h ip ­
p in g w o rk in v o lv e s : A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, availab le means of transportation and rate s; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up b ills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or a s s i s t in preparing the merchandise for shipment. R e c e iv in g
w ork in v o lv e s : Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
n ess of shipments again st b ills of lading, in voices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
d ise or m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining n ecessary
records and file s.

For wage study purposes, workers are c la s s ifie d a s follow s:

R e c e iv in g c le rk
S h ip p in g c le rk
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e iv in g c le rk

32
TRUCKDRIVER

TRU CKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, m erchandise, equipment, or men between various types of e sta b ­
lishments such a s: Manufacturing p lan ts, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and retail estab lish m en ts, or between retail establish m en ts
and custom ers 9 h ou ses or p la c e s of b u sin ess. May a ls o load or unload
truck with or without h elpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r iv e r -s a le s m e n a n d o v e r -th e -r o a d d r iv e r s
are e x c lu d e d .

Operates a manually controlled g aso lin e- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establish m en t.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are c la s s ifie d by siz e
and type of equipment, a s follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the b a s is of trailer cap acity .)

T ru c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a te ly )
T ru c k d riv e r, lig h t (u n d er iy 2 to n s )
T ru c k d r iv e r , m ediu m (iy2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T ru c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , tr a ile r ty p e )
T ru c k d riv e r, h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , o th e r th an tr a ile r ty p e )




For wage stud$ purposes, workers are c la s s ifie d by type of
truck, a s follows:

T ru cker, p o w e r (fo rk lift)
T ru ck er, p o w e r (o th e r th an fo r k lift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
again st fire, theft, and ille g al entry.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102