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GREEN BAY, WISCONSIN
AUGUST 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard Wirtz, Secretary
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
E w a n C la g u e , C o m m issio n e r




Occupational Wage Survey
GREEN BAY, WISCONSIN




AU GU ST 1962

B u lle tin N o. 1 3 4 5 -3
O ctober 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard Wirtz, Secretary
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
E w a n C la g u e , C o m m issio n e r

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

-

Price 25 cents




Contents

P reface

Page
The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program

A two-part summary bulletin is issued after the
completion of all of the area bulletins for a round of sur­
veys (for the current round of surveys, the first part of
this bulletin will be available late in 1963 and the second
part early in 1964). The first part presents individual
labor market data. The second part presents data relating
to all metropolitan areas in the United States.
This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau's re­
gional office in Chicago, 111., by Marvin Glick, under the
direction of Elliott A. Browar. The study was under the
general direction of Woodrow C. Linn, Assistant Regional
Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.




Tables:
1.
2.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey .
Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups _________________________ . _______

A:

Occupational earnings:*
A - l. Office occupations—
men and women ________________ _______
A -2. Professional and technical occupations—
men . . . . ___ _______
A -3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men
and women combined _________ ______________ ____________
A -4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations _______....______
A -5. Custodial and material movement occupations _______ ___

B: Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B -l. Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers ...__
B-2. Shift differentials ________ ___________________________________
B-3. Scheduled weekly hours ________________________________ _____
B-4. Paid holidays ______________________ ___________________ ______
B-5. Paid vacations _______________________ __________. . . . ____ ______
B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans _____________________

9
10
11
12
13
15

Appendix: Occupational descriptions . . . ________ _______________ __________

17

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other major
areas. (See inside back cover. )

5
6
no

A preliminary report which presents earnings
trends for selected occupational groups and average earn­
ings in selected jobs is released within a month after the
completion of the study in each area. This bulletin pro­
vides additional data not included in the preliminary report.

1
4

oo

Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual occu­
pational wage surveys in major labor markets. These
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits. Information on related supple­
mentary benefits is obtained biennially in most of the labor
markets.

Introduction __________________________________________________________ _____
Wage trends for selected occupational groups ____________________. _____




O ccu pation al W age Survey—Green Bay, W is.
Introduction

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U .S. De­
partment of Labor*s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys
of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide
basis.
In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of Bu­
reau field economists to representative establishments within six
broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communica­
tion, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance,
insurance, and real estate; and services.
Major industry groups
excluded from these studies are government operations and the con­
struction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because they
tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to
warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time
salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have
been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed are largely due to
(1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among industries and
establishments; (2) differences in specific duties performed, although
the occupations are appropriately classified within the same survey
job description; and (3) differences in length of service or merit
review when individual salaries are adjusted'on this basis.
Longer
average service of men would result in higher average pay when
both sexes are employed within the same rate range.
Job descrip­
tions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usually more
generalized than those used in individual establishments to allow for
minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number ac­
tually surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment ob­
tained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indi­
cate the relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences
in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the
earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material move­
ment.
Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job.
The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they relate to
office and plant workers.
The concept ’’office workers, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory
workers performing clerical or related functions, and excludes ad­
ministrative, executive, and professional personnel. ’’Plant workers”
include working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including
leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Administrative,
executive, and professional employees, and force-account construc­
tion employees who are utilized as a separate work force are ex­
cluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufac­
turing industries, but included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing
industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly hours are r e ­
ported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work




Minimum entrance salaries (table B- l ) relate only to the es­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.
1

2
Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 1 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of workers ac­
tually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In
establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to a
majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification "other” was used.
In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled hours (table B-3) of a majority of the firstshift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to all of
the plant or office workers of that establishment.
Paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B -4
through B-6) are treated statistically on the basis that these are
applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers
are eligible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed.
Sums
of individual items in tables B-2 through B-6 may not equal totals
because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i . e . , (1) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom.
Holi­
days ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a
nonworkday, even if the worker is not granted another day off.
The
first part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole
and half holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole
and half holidays to show total holiday tim e.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate e s ­
timates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earn­
ings, or flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation
pay, payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis;
for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was con­
sidered as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (table B-6) for which at least a part of the cost is borne by
the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as workmen's
compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such.plans
include those underwritten by a commercial insurance company and
those provided through a union fund or paid directly by the employer
out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside for this pur­
pose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or ac­
cident disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to
which the employer contributes.
However, in New York and New
Jersey, which have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which
require employer contributions,2 plans are included only if the em­
ployer (1) contributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides
the employee with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law.
Tabulations of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans 3
which provide full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during
absence from work because of illness. Separate tabulations are pre­
sented according to (1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting
period, and (2) plans which provide either partial pay or a waiting
period. In addition to the presentation of the proportions of workers
who are provided sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave,
an unduplicated total is shown of workers who receive either or both
types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees.
Such plans may be underwritten by com­
mercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met not require employer contributions.
do
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
An
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave
establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (l) had
that could be expected by each employee.
Such a plan need not be
operated late shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or
written, but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an indi­
(2) had provisions in written form for operating late shifts.
vidual basis, were excluded.




T a b le 1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r s t u d ie d in G r e e n B a y , W i s . , 1 b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 A u g u s t 1962

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u s try d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in
scope of
stu d y 3

76

50
50
50
50
50
50

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d

---------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------

M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------------------- — __ ------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------------------------------- -------- — __ --------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d
o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5 ______________________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _________________________________ _________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ______________________
S e r v i c e s 8 _______________________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y
T o ta l4

O ffic e

P la n t

60

1 6 ,3 0 0

2, 100

1 1 ,6 0 0

1 3 ,6 0 0

38
38

29
31

1 0 ,1 0 0
6 , 200

1 ,0 0 0
1 , 100

7 , 900
3 ,7 0 0

8 , 100
5, 500

12
8
12
2
4

11
5
9
2
4

2, 900
1, 100
1 ,6 0 0
100
500

500

1, 500

2, 770
690
1 ,4 3 0
100
480

0

(?)

(?)

(?)

(? )
(6)

(?)

(6)

T o ta l4

1 T h e G r e e n B a y S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s o f B r o w n C o u n t y . T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n
o f th e s i z e an d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s is o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s f o r the a r e a to
m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , and (2 ) s m a ll e s t a b ­
li s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f th e S t a n d a rd I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m li m it a t io n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h in d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , fi n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e an d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " an d " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , and f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n is n o t m a d e f o r on e o r m o r e o f the fo l lo w i n g r e a s o n s : (1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2 ) the s a m p le w a s not
d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f ic i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , an d (4 ) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " and " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , bu t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n ly in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta f o r t h is d i v i s i o n is n ot m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o t n o t e 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fi t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n iz a t io n s ; and e n g in e e r in g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




T a b le 2.

P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s
f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s in G r e e n B a y , W i s . , f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s

I n d u s t r y and o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n )
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n an d w o m e n ) ____________________
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) _
...
.......................... .
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n )
_
....... ........ . ..............
M a n u f a c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n an d w o m e n )
...
_ ___
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n )
._ ..
...... ................
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ) _______________ __ _______________

D a ta d o n o t m e e t p u b l ic a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

A u g u s t 1961
to
A u g u s t 1962

A u g u s t I9 6 0
to
A u g u s t 1961

2. 2

2. 8

( 2)
4. 5
6. 1

i 1)
2. 3
1. 3

4. 2

2. 6

l 1)
5. 1
8. 1

( X)
1 .7
.6

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percentages of change in average
salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in av­
erage earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The
office clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, payroll;
Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B; office
boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenographers,
senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators, class B;
and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are based on
men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following 8 skilled
maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the plant
worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; mechanics;
mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and die makers;
unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers, material
handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of




the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings
for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate
for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a per­
centage) of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for
the other year was computed and the difference between the result and
100 is the percentage of change from the one period to the other.
The percentages of change measure, principally, the effects
of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force re­
sulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions, and
changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels. Changes in the labor force can cause in­
creases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual wage
changes. For example, a force expansion might increase the pro­
portion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower the
average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid workers
would have the opposite effect.
Similarly, the movement of a
high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the ef­
fect of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each
job included in the data. The percentages of change are not influenced
by changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for over­
time, since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

Wage indexes for selected groups of workers based on data from the
labor market surveys were computed for 20 areas between 1953 and I960. In
1961, the labor market occupational wage program was expanded to include
80 Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas which will be surveyed annually. This
expansion made data available for the computation of wage indexes for selected
job groupings in each of the 80 areas. The above text represents the method
used in computing these new wage change indexes. The new series was initiated
last year and the data are not comparable with trends published prior to that time.
The new series covers the same job groupings as the earlier series
with the following exceptions: The clerical and industrial nurse groups, formerly
restricted to women, now include both men and women. Changes were also made
in the jobs included within job groupings in order that an identical list could be
employed in all areas.

A: Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Green Bay, W is. , August 1962)
NUM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGH T-TIM E WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weektyj
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings *
(Standard)

45.00 *50.00 *55.00 *60.00 *65.00 *70.00
and
under
50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00

$
120.00 *125.00 !3 0 .0 0 ^35.00
75.00 *80.00 *85.00 *90.00 *95 .00 100.00 105.00 110.00 *15 .00 *
and
80.00

85.00

95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 over

90.00

Men

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

89. 00

_

_

_

2

40. 0
40. 0

8 6 . 50
85. 50

-

_

1

-

"

-

17

41. 0

56. 50

1

8

4

1

3

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss A ------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _____________________

29
14
15

40. 0
39. 5
40. 0

81. 00
80. 00
82. 00

"

-

"

2
2

2
2
"

7
3
4

"

9
2 !
7

3
1
2

3
3
-

~

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss B ------------------Manufacturing ------------- ------------------ —
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------

101
37
64

40. 0
39. 5
40. 0

64. 50
64. 50
64. 00

3
3

18
8
10

13
5
8

11
5
6

9
4
5

4
2
2

3
2
1

2

-

12

19
2
17

1

-

1

2

-

C lerk s, file, class C --------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------

16
15

40. 0
4 0 .0

49. 50
5 0 .0 0

10
9

4
4

1
1

_
-

1
1

C lerk s, p ayroll ____________________________
Manufacturing ------- -----------------------------

29
17

39. 5
39. 5

74. 50
75. 00

1
-

2
2

1
“

3
1

4
2

5
4

6
4

_

1
-

2
2

1
1

1
-

1
T

Keypunch operators, c la ss B ____________
Manufacturing ----------------------------------------

62
23

40. 0
39. 5

55. 00
58. 50

11
4

26
3

11
5

7
6

4
3

3
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

S ecretaries -------------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------

94
63
31

3 9 .0
38. 5
40. 0

85. 50
89. 50
77. 50

_
-

7
1
6

4
2
2

5
5

4
3
1

11
10
1

11
8

-

4
4

2
1
1

13
7
6

10
7
3

Stenographers, general ----------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------ ------- ----------------

78
43
35

39. 5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

65. 00
67. 50
62. 00

5
2
3

5
2
3

14
4
10

18
9
9

8
7
1

14
8
6

11
8
3

Switchboard operator-recep tionists ------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------

34
20

39. 5
3 9 .0

69. 00
70. 00

1
-

3
3

4
1

5
3

5
4

7
3

1
1

T ran scribin g-m achin e operators,
general ______________ _ ______— ----------

29

4 0 .0

60. 50

7

9

1

1

4

1

4

13
10
3
3

7
4
3
3

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss A -----------------------Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------

38
15
23

39. 5
39. 0
40. 0

$108. 50
108. 50
108. 50

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss B

16

39. 0

26
20

_____________

_____________________

4
1
3

_
-

.
-

3
3

|

1
1

"

~

j

"

6
6

1
1

6
4
2

1
1

"

1

1

_

.

_

i

3

8

1

_

1
___ I___ |

-

4
4

7
5

4
4

3
3

!
!

-

-

-

“

2
1

1
1

2
2

'

3
2

2
2

5
1
4

4
4

2
22

-

-

-

-

_

i
i

1
1

-

-

-

1
1
_

■

“

“

_

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

_

~

'

"

_

"

-

i

-

-

-

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

_

-

.

-

_

.

_

13
11
2

5
3
2

1
1

i
i

1
1
"

“

"

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

i

j

“

!

Tabulating-m achine operators,
Nonmanufacturing

_
-

-

Women
Bookkeeping-m achine operators,

T yp ists, c la ss A -----------------------------------------

18

40. 0

73. 50

T yp ists, c la ss B ___________________________
Manufacturing ------------------- -------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------Public utilities 3 ------------------------------

56
36
20
15

40.
39.
40.
40.

58.
58.
56.
58.

18
------ £ _

0
5
5
0

00
50
50
00

3
2
1

17
8
9
6

15
11
4
3

"

j

1
1 i

2
2

3
2

2

-

2

4

-

-

-

-

-

"

2

1
1

-

■

3

7

-

2
2

3
1

_

-

-

J -----------

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 A ll w orkers were at $ 150 to $ 155.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




6

Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s studied on an a re a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , G reen B ay, W is ., A ugust 1962)
A v era g e
Number
of
workers

O cc u p a tio n and in d u stry d iv is io n

D ra fts m e n , s e n io r _________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________________________________

27
26

Weekly
hours1
(Standard)

39.5
39.5

Weekly ,
earnings1
(Standard)

$ 12 3.0 0
123.00

NUM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGH T-TIM E W E E KLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
105.00 110.00

1
1

1
1

$
$
$
115.00 120.00 125.00

$
130.00

$
135.00
and

110.00 115.00

$
$
95.00 100.00
and
und er
100.00 105.00

120.00 125.00

130.00

135.00

over _

11
10

2

2
2

1
1

6

— 5

1
Standard h ou rs r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir re g u la r
th ese w e e k ly h o u r s .

3
3

“

2

s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s studied on an a re a b a s is
by in d u stry d iv is io n , G reen B a y , W is ., A ugust 1962)

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number

Average
weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,

c l a s s B ___________

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c i a s s A ____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g __________________________________________
b o n m a r m f a c t u r in g ______________________________________

O c c u p a t io n an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

67
29
38

$ 5 6 .5 0

9 6 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

98.00

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ____________________________________________
M a n iifa r t n r im r
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ____________________________________

41
19
18

86.00

K e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ___________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g __________________________________________

62
23

5 5 .0 0
5 8 .5 0

22

$ 8 1 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

117
47
70

34

T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ________ ______
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________

27

20

8 7 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,

g e n e r a l ____________

29

6 0 .5 0

______________________________________________

18

7 3 .5 0

56
36
20
15

5 8 .0 0
5 8 .5 0
5 6 .5 0
5 8 .0 0

16
15

4 9 .5 0
5 0 .0 0

27
26

1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0

c la s s A

20

6 7 .5 0

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s C ______________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________

$ 69.00
7 0 .0 0

_____________________
....... . ...

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s
M a n u fa c t u r in g
...
_
.

T y p is t s ,
C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B ____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g __ ________________________________________
N n ri m a n 11 f a c f 11 r i n a

AV e
we rklyC
e
earnings
(Standard)

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — C o n t in u e d

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s -----C o n tin u e d
17

Number
of
workers

C le r k s ,

ord er

______________________________________________

22

69.00
6 7 .0 0

8 9 .0 0

S e c r e ta r ie s
M a n u fa c t u r in g
N o n -m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2

..... ... .

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ___________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ........................ .................................
P u b l i c u t ilit i e s 2

E arn in g s re la te to re g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly s a la r ie s that a re pa id fo r
T ra n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




.........

standard w o rk w e e k s .

86.00

97
63
34
16

8 9 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

T y p i s t s , c l a s s B ______________________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
...........
._ ..
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2
................
_ __

85
43
42
18

6 8 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

D r a f t s m e n , s e n i o r ___________________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _____________________________________________

P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v era g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r m en in s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , G re e n B ay, W is ., A ugust 1962)
N U M B E R OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E H OURLY EARNINGS OF—

O c c u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number

of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

, U nder
1
$
1.60

$

1.60
and
under
1.70

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n ce _______________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________

46
30

$2.70
2.65

"

-

E n g in e e r s , st a t io n a r y
_
_
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________

45
24

2.69
2.49

"

47
27

2.34
2.29

1
-

3

H e lp e r s , m a in te n a n ce tr a d e s ____________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________

82
81

2.21
2.21

_

.

M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n ce _________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________

47
46

2.80
2.79

.

-

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e (m a in te n a n ce ) __________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 _____________________________

70
61
41

2.71
2.75
2.84

-

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n ce _________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________

98
78

2.59
2.58

M illw r ig h ts _________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________

66
66

2.81
2.81

O ile r s _______________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________

30
22

2.39
2.42

-

P a in t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ____________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ___ _______________________________

22
21

2.46
2.48

1.70
1.80

$

1.80
1.P0

-

F ir e m e n , s ta t io n a r y b o ile r ______________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________ ._____________

$

P ip e fit t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e __
__ __
_
_ _
M a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________________ . _____
_

21
21

2.74
2.74

1.90
2.00

2
2

_
2

$

2.00
2.10

$

2.10
2.20

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

_

“

.

„

.

.

-

-

.

.

1
-

-

9
9

'
_

.

-

2
2

1
1

1

_

$

3.00

$

3.10

3.00

3 10

2
1

8
2

-

4

$

3.20
and

10
10

5
4

-

12

-

nvpr

2
2

-

-

~

'

-

.
"

-

-

14
14

6
6

"

8
8

1
-

4
4

11
11
11

18
17
9

-

17
17
17

-

-

-

4
4
4

-

-

12
12

5
1

-

3 20

-

_

1

1
1

11
*

18
16

3
3

26
24

2
2

8
3

7
7

.

.

1
1

40

17
17

2
2

2
2

6
6

12
4

-

6
6

1
1

9
9

9
9

-

.

2
2

1
1

40

4
4

1
1

2.90

.

.

-

4
4

$

.

2
2

"

'

6
6

2.00

"

-

"

_

1
1

-

"

1
1

-

2.80

2

-

_
-

.

"

3
1
-

"

16

$

„

.

_

-

-

-

2
2

-

12
12

.

_

_

8
6

_

"

.

4
4

2
1

.

-

5
5

15
15

~

“

6

23
23

.

2.70
2. 80

_

32
32

$

2.70

12
12

1
1

2.60

2.60

4
4

2
2

$

2.50

3
3

3
3

~

2 .50

5
4

2
2

“

$

4
4

“

.

2.40

2.40

-

3
3

.

2.30

$

-

.

.

$ 2.30

1
1

4
4

-

2.20

1
1

1
1

.

$

-

2
2

4
4

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and late sh ifts.
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s.




$

1
1

10
10

6
6

-

1
1

4
4

-

“
1
1

-

-

8
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Green Bay, W is. , August 1962)
n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g

Occupation 1 and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Guards and watchmen ------ ----------- --------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Watchmen --------------------------- -------------------------

62
54
30

Janitors, p orters, and cleaners (men) ------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------Public u tilitie s3 — ------ ------------------------------

181
130
51
25

Janitors, p orters, and cleaners (women) ------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------

31
21

$
Average
h
ourly , Under 1.10
earnin
gs $
and
1. 10 under
1.20

$ 1 .9 4
2. 01
1. 93

2.
2.
1.
1.

03
10
85
97

1.61
1. 77

2.
2.
2.
2.

31
20
48
50

Laborers, m aterial handling ------- ---------------------Manufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------- ----------Public utilities 3 -----------------------------------------

495
302
193
81

Order fillers ......................... .............................................
Manufacturing _________________________________

83
51

2. 26
2. 12

Receiving clerk s ---------------------------------------------------

17

246
198
150

2. 65
2. 77
2. 87

Truckdrivers, medium ( 1V2 to and
including 4 tons) ------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------- --------------

120
90

2. 62
2. 79

Truckers, power (forklift) ---------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------

245
199

1.30

2
■

4
4

~

2

1

*

"

1
"
1
1
■

*1.30
1.4Q_

$

1.40
1.50

1
2
3
4

-

1.60

-

“

-

-

"

-

6
2
4
1

36
32
4
1

16
9
7
3

54
53
1
“

24
16
8
7

14
11
3
3

1
1
1

_
“

7
7

4
4

_

_

_

_

~

2
2

.

■

*

“

■

1
1
‘

11
11
■

5
5
“

*

2
1
"

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
1

8
8
r

-

$
2.80
2,90

-

“

.

_

.

-

-

-

.

.

"

"

.

.
"

29
29
29

34
34
~

69
48
21
1

150
150
~

58
11
47
47

26
23
3
3

104
13
91
1

_

19
10

4
4

3

“

27
27

20

-

7
7
~

4
4

-

-

2.40-. Z M - _ 2 ,6 0 _

$
2.70
2.80

$2.60

7
6
1
1

1

_
'

$
2.50

11
11
3

2
2

■

$
2.40

“

.

-

_-2..2Q_ _2.3Q..

$
2.30

”

4
4

-

$2.20

8
8

3
2

-

2.00 . 2.10

h o u r l y e a r n in g s o f -

$2.10

8
8
8

6
-

4
4

$
2.00

1
“

2
2

-

$
1.90

8
8
8

6
6
3

"

s t r a i g h t -t i m e

2
2
2

3
1
2
~

-

$
1.80

“

2
2
2

1
1

1.70

15
13
9

-

-

$

1.60 -JLZfi _ 1^8Q J .9Q ._

1
-

Data lim ited to men w orkers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts,
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers regard less of size and type of truck operated.




$

1
-

“

-

1.50

1
1
1

2. 35
2. 32

-

$

2
2
2

“

2. 34

T ru ck d rivers4 -----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------Public u tilitie s3 -----------------------------------------

$
1.20

■

•

”

•

.

1
-

.

_

2

6

1

2

1

4

.

.

-

15
3

18
6

6
-

16
10

7
3

8
8

"

1
1
1

1
-

“

26
22
5

145
144
144

“

’

'

'

‘

4

16
6

4
*

6

5
3

1

-

14
14

15
15

30
30

"

1
4 '
2
2

'

144
120

1
1

’

.

.

22

80
79

12
12

6

-

6

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l.

9

Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers

(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office workers, Green Bay, W is., August 1962)
Other inexperienced clerical workers 2

Inexperienced typists

Minimum weekly straight-tim e s a la ry 1
2

All
industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

All
industries

Based on standard weekly hours 5 of—

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours3 of—

Establishments studied ___ __

_______

__ _____ — ___

__

Establishments having a specified m in im u m ----- — — — ----------$ 42.50 and under $ 4 5.00

$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 50.00
$ 52.50
$ 55.00
$ 57.50
$ 60.00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 50.00
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 55.00
$ 57.50
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0

_____
_____

__ __
______
__ __ _____ _ „
_
_
----- — — __ — — _
_______ ___ _______ ___ ____ ____ ___ _ ____
_

.......................................................................
.................... . . .......... ............................
___________________________________ ___
___________ _____ _____ __ ___

Establishments having no specified m in im u m __

_ _____

Establishments which did not employ workers
in this category
_______ __ __ __ __
_____ __ _____

40

60

29

XXX

31

XXX

60

29

XXX

31

XXX

14

9

7

5

5

29

16

12

13

12

1
3
1
4
3
1
-

1
1
1
3

1
1

_

_

_

_

2
-

1
2
-

7
2
2
2
-

7
1

3
1
1
-

2
1
2
-

2
4

-

2
5
1
4
1
1
1
1

2
2
-

All
schedules

All
schedules

All
schedules

All
schedules

40

40

1

1

-

-

2
12
3
6
3
1
1
1

8

3

XXX

5

XXX

13

5

XXX

8

XXX

38

17

XXX

21

XXX

18

8

XXX

10

XXX

l

1
-

-

1 These salaries relate to form ally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-tim e salaries that are paid for standard workweeks.
2 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as messenger or office girl.
3 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the m ost common standard workweek reported.




40

4

1
1
-

-

10




Table B-2.

Shift Differentials

(Shift d iffe r e n tia ls of m an ufacturin g plant w o r k e r s by type and amount o f d iffe r e n tia l,
G r e e n B ay, W is . , August 1962)
P er c en t of m anufacturing plant w o r k e r s —
In esta b lish m en ts having fo r m a l
p r o v isio n s 1 fo r —

Shift d ifferen tia l

A ctu a lly w orking on----

Second shift
w ork
T o ta l

_____

_____

--------

95. 5

22. 6

13. 2

-------

86. 8

21. 9

13. 2

—

88. 3

82. 2

21. 2

13. 1

2. 7
1. 5
4. 3
11. 1
7. 9
2. 5
4. 2
46. 0
2. 1
4. 1
2. 0

2. 7
1. 5
42. 9
1 .8
2. 5
11. 1
2. 8
2. 1
2. 3
6. 2
2. 0
4. 1

. 5
.2
.2
2. 5
1. 9
.7
1. 2
13. 1
.8
. 1
-

. 2
10 . 9
.4
. 2
. 3
. 1
.7
. 3

2 V2 cen ts _____________________________________
4 cen ts _____
___ __________ ______ ___
5 cen ts ________________________ _______________
6 cents ___ __ _____ ________________________
6 V3 cen ts _______________ ________________ __
7 cents ___ ________________
_________ _ __
7 V2 cen ts _____________________________________
____________ ______ _
8 cen ts ____ _______
10 cen ts _______________________________ __ __
12 cen ts _____________ __________
__ ______
1 2 1/2 cen ts _____ _______________ ____________
12z/3 cents _____________ _______ ____________
13 cen ts ---------------------------------------------------------13 V3 cen ts — -----------------------------------------------14 cents _____________ __________ ____________
15 cen ts _____________
_________________ __
16 cen ts _______________________________________
22 cen ts ______ - ______________ ___________ _
_

F u ll d a y 's pay for redu ced hours

-

__

4. 1

2. 7

.7

____________

4. 1

2. 7

.7

U n ifo rm p ercen tage _________________________
____________________

T h ird or other
sh ift

86. 8

U n ifo rm cen ts (per hour) _______________

10 p ercen t

Second shift

9 2 .4

_______________________ ..___

With shift pay d iffer en tia l -----------------

T h ird or other
shift w ork

2. 0

____________

W ith no shift pay d iffe r e n tia l _____________________

3. 1

1
Includes e sta b lish m e n ts c u rren tly op erating late s h ift s ,
even though they w ere not c u rren tly operating late s h ifts.

-

. 7

and esta b lish m en ts with fo r m a l p ro v isio n s

-

c overin g la te

sh ifts

11

Table B-3.

Scheduled W eekly Hours

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k ly h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , G r e e n B a y , W i s . , A u g u s t 1 962)
O F FIC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W O RK ERS

W e e k ly h o u rs
All industries

A ll w o r k e r s

_

_
_

( 4_
_

_

_
_

_
___

_
_
___

_1
14
2
82
_
1
-_
( 4_
_

Public u tilities2

M anufacturing

100

_________________________________________

35 h o u r s _
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
36 h o u r s ______________________________________________
37 h o u r s _
_
_
_
__
__
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
3 7 V 2 h o u r s ___________________________________________
3 8 3/4 h o u r s ___________________________________________
40 h ou rs _
_
_
_
_
__ __
_ __
_ __
__
__
_
_
_
O v e r 4 0 and u n d e r 4 5 h o u r s
_
_
_
__ _ ___ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
_
_
4 5 hours _
48 h ou rs _
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
5 2 V2 h o u r s _
_
_
_
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _

1

100

_

) _
_

_

__
_

_

_
_

_
) _

_
_

_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_

_
_
_

_
_

_ 1
_ 3
27
3
66
_ _

All industries3

100

100

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_ -

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

M anufacturing

100
_
_

_

_

_
j
|
_ ! _
ii
i
■}
i
Ij
_ j! _
j

_

_
_

_
_

100

_
_

_

_

_

100

_

14

_

9
-

2

_

_

80
1
3
_4
1

i

-

-

l

1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




Public u tilities2

100
-

76
3
3
2

12
Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Green Bay, W is., August 1962)
PLAN T W O RK ERS

O F FIC E W O R K E R S

Item
All industries 1

A ll w o r k e r s

_________________________________________

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts providing
paid h olid ays ______________________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providing
no paid h olidays ___ -______________________________

M anufacturing

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

96

All industries3

Public utilities2

Public utilities2

Manufacturing

100

100

i

‘

100

99

4

1

39
4
15
37
2

i
|

(4)

i

32
5
18
42
3

35
24
41
-

3
62
67
99
99

65
65
100
100

i

j
|

N u m b e r of d a y s

3
6
6
6
7
8
9

h olid ays
h olid ays
h olidays
h olid ays
h olid ays
holid ays
h olid ays

____________________________________________
___ *_______________________________________
plus 1 half day ________________________
plus 2 half days _______________________
__________________________________________
________________________________________ .___
plus 1 half day ________________________

(4 )
36
15
24
23
(4 )
1

1
30
5
36
28
(4 )

31
34
35
'

To tal h o lid a y t im e 1
5
4
3
2
1
I
9 V2 days --------------------------------------------------------------------8 or m o r e days _____________________________________
7 or m o r e days _____________________________________
6 V2 o r m o r e days __________________________________
6 or m o r e days _________________________________ _____
3 or m o r e days _____________________________________

1
1
48
63
99
99

(4)
65
69
99
100

69
69
100
100

1

2
54

57

96
96

'|
I
j

1_

_

_

_

- _.

. _.

. _

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1 Includes data for w h o lesale tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce , and re a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s.
3 Includes data for w h o lesa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d ivisions shown sep arately.
4 L e s s than 0 .5 p ercen t.
5 A ll com bination s of fu ll and half days that add to the sa m e amount are com b ined; for ex a m p le , the proportion of w o rk ers receivin g a total of 7 days in clu d es those with 7 fu ll d ays and
no half d ays, 6 full days and 2 h alf d ays, 5 fu ll days and 4 half d a y s, and so on.
P ro p o rtio n s w ere then cum ulated.




13
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Green Bay, W is. , August 1962)
PLANT W ORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

V a c a tio n p o lic y
A ll in d u s tr ie s 1

A ll w ork ers

---------------------------------------------------------------

M a n u fa ct u r in g

P u b lic u t ili t ie s 2

M a n u fa ct u r in g

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

100

99

99

100
10
0

99
96

10
0

10
0

100

P u b lic u tilitie s 2

10
0

A ll in d u s trie s 3

10
0
10
0

M e th o d of p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
paid va c a tio n s --------------------------------------------------- —
L e n g t h -o f -t i m e p aym ent _____________________
P e r c e n ta g e p aym ent ________________________ —
F la t -s u m p aym ent ----------- ------------------------- ------Other ____ ______ __________________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovid in g
no paid v a c a tio n s
_________ _______ _____________

( 4)

1

-

95
5

3

_

-

-

-

-

“

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

48

36

-

4

Am ount of v a c a t io n p a y 5
A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek _______________________________________
w eek ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w ee k s _______________________

1

1
1

47

4

1
0
1

!

5
3

-

2
6
6

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e

1
2

w eek ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________________
w e e k s ______________________________________________

29
71

15
85

61
-

39

83
5

1
1

89
8

3

69
-

31

A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1w eek ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eeks _______________________
2 w ee k s ------ --------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w ee k s

2
0
1

1
0
1

80

89
"

-----------------------------------

■

68
9
20
2

-

47

66

-

9
41

14
18

39
-

6
1

74

14

1
0
2

56
44
"

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1
2

w eek ________________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w ee k s _______________________
w e e k s ______________________________________________
O ve r 2 and under 3 w ee k s ______________________ -

5

1

95
-

8
1
91
~

10
0
■

2

2

-

10
0
"

A fte r 4 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1
2

w eek ________________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________________
w ee k s ______________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________

5

1

8
1

95
"

91
-

(4)
98

97

-

100
■

46
9
42

2

65
14
19

2

-

10
0
■

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1
2

w eek ________________________________________________
w ee k s ______________________________________________
O ve r 2 and under 3 w ee k s ___ ____ _______________
3 w ee k s ___________ _____ _____________________________

See footn otes at end of ta b le .




1
1

(4)

2

-

10
0
-

1
90
7

1

-

88
1
1
1

-

10
0
-

14
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations— Continued

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , G r e e n B a y , W i s ., A u g u s t 1962)
O F FIC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W O RK ERS

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
All industries1

M anufacturing

All industries

Public utilities13
2

M anufacturing

Public utilities2

Am ount of v a c a tio n p a y 5 ---------- Continu ed

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k -------------------------------- -------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s __ ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________ ___________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________

(4 )

43
1
56
(4 )

_

40
1
59
(4 )

_

-

40

!j

"

_

_

40
6
46
8

70

_

_

39
6
47
8

42

1
12
62
21
3

|

1
46
4
42
5

1
39
4
49
5

60

8
63
26
3

1
12
35
19
30
2

-

_

8
34
23
32
3

1
46
24
28

-

30
~

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ______________________________
3 w e e k s __________________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______________________________

(4 )

33
1
66
(4 )

_

_

30
1
69

37
63

(4 )

"

-

-

58
~

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ____________________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _______________ _________________________________________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______________________________
4 w e e k s ____ _____ _____ ___ __________________ —

(4 )

10
77
8
5

_

_

6
94

2
64
34

-

(4 )

-

_
1

74
24
"

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ________________________________________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________________________________
3 w e e k s __________________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______________________________
4 w e e k s _____________________________________________________ —
O v e r 4 w e e k s _____ _________________________________________

(4 )
7
56
7
29
"

_

6
56
-

38

2
41
34
23

1
j

“

~

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ____________________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________________________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________ ______ —
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------- ------------------ —
4 w e e k s __________________________________________ —
O v e r 4 w e e k s __________________________________ —

(4 )
6
39
7
46
1

_

-

4
29

2
32
34
32

-

67

1
11
31
12
35
8

-

6
34
14
34

1
2

-

1
33
24
41

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
4 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
5 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t im e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d t o an e q u iv a le n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o n ot n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r e x a m p le , th e c h a n g e s
in p r o p o r t i o n s in d ic a t e d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s t im a t e s a r e c u m u la t iv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n r e c e i v i n g 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e
a ft e r 5 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e w h o r e c e i v e 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .




15
Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , 1 G r e e n B a y , W i s . , A u g u s t 1962)
PLAN T W O RK ERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

T y p e o f b e n e f it
All industries2

A ll w o rk e r s

_________________________________________

Manufacturing

All industries

Public utilities34

100

100

M anufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g :
L if e in s u r a n c e ___________________________________
A c c id e n ta l d ea th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e
_
______ _
_
__
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 5 __ ________ ____ _______
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e ________
S ic k le a v e ( f u ll p a y a n d n o
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ____________________________
S ic k le a v e (p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ____________________________
H o s p i t a l iz a t io n in s u r a n c e ____________________
S u r g i c a l in s u r a n c e _____________________________
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e ______________________________
C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e ________________________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n ____________________________
N o h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p la n ____

92

93

98

84

89

69

84

38

!I

67

79

48

91

87

95

!

87

90

66

58

85

1
0

79

87

28

45

35

42

3

2

13

11

-

3

24

99
99
77
22
70
1

87
87
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72
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98
95
71
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74
( 6)

99
99
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91
9
1

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60

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1
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i ------------------------------1 I n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t i s b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t i n g o n ly l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , an d r a i l r o a d
r e tire m e n t.
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t il it i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to t h o s e w h ic h d e f in i t e ly e s t a b l is h at le a s t
th e m in i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n fo r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on a n in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .
6 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .







Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety o f payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, die
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills , and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type o f machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record o f business transactions.
Class A —
Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure o f the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution o f debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (hilling machine)— ses a special billing ma­
U
chine (Moon Hopkins, E lliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
v oices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, e tc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry o f necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies o f
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B—
Keeps a record o f one or more phases or sections o f
a set o f records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— ses a bookkeeping
U
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry o f figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge o f book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivableor accounts
17

18

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G -C o n tin u e d

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct cla ss B a c­
counting clerks.
Class B —
Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge o f accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A — an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, cla ssifie s and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B—
Sorts, cod es, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly cla ssified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been cla ssified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




CLERK , ORDER

R eceives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file o f orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages o f company employees and enters the n e ce s­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker*s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

19

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A —
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application o f
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B—
Under clo se supervision or following sp e cific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follow s specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and



SECRETARY— Continued
making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain file s, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scien tific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by die following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge o f general busi­
ness and office procedures and o f the sp ecific business operations,
organization, p o licie s, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

20

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice
ca lls. May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATO R-Continued
Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions o f a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerica l work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and com plex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision o f the work and production
of a group o f tabulating-machine operators.
Class B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or sp ecia lized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
cla ssified as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make co p ie s o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of sten cils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerica l work involving little sp ecia l
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spellin g, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

Class B —
Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance p ol­
icie s, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

21

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts o f drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types o f drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
o f a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specification s; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specification s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, e le c­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gen cies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use o f drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength o f materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises o f a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina•
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations o f applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies
plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




22

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties o f lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. H ead or c h ie f engineers in e s ta b lis h ­

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost o f the follow ing: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

ments em ploying more than one en gineer are ex clu d e d .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety o f ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo s e toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions o f
work, tooling, feeds and speeds o f machining; knowledge o f the working

23

M ACH IN IST, M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

M ILLW RIG H T

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in die trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source o f trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or sp ecia lized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or d efective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the wort o f the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and- experience usually a c­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow ing: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacementpart by a machine shop or sendingof the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all n ecessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
.experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tion are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.



OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of.mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge o f surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain,
proper color or consisten cy. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position o f pipe from draw­
ings or other written specification s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to
correct lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

24

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers;making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and siz e of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general
the work o f the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating system s are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety o f handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, die work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; g&ge maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types o f sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other sp ecification s; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp e cifica tio n s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating o f machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as w ell as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assem bling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and se le ctin g appro­
priate materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an o ffice building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those o f starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine p o lice duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes ga te•
men who are stationed at gate and ch eck on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering.




25

PACKER, SHIPPING

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the following:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specia lize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp e cific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size , and number o f units to be packed, the
type o f container employed, and method o f shipment. Work requires the
placing o f items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection o f appropriate type and size o f container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve o n e ’or more o f the follow ­
ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

sible for incoming shipments o f merchandise or other materials.
ping work involves:
routes,

Ship­

A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation and rates; and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file o f shipping records.
direct or a ssist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work involves:

May

Receiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness o f shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.



For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:
R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

26

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D river-salesm en and over-tke-road drivers

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

are e x clu d e d .

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (com bination
Truckdriver, lig h t (under
Truckdriver, medium ( 1%
Truckdriver, heavy (over
Truckdriver, heavy (over




o f s i z e s lis t e d sep a ra tely)
l / 2 ton s)
l
to and including 4 tons)
4 tons, trailer type)
4 ton s, other than trailer type)

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type o f
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than fo rk lift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1962 O - 664504


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102