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GREEN BAY, WISCONSIN AUGUST 1962 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR W . Willard Wirtz, Secretary B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S E w a n C la g u e , C o m m issio n e r Occupational Wage Survey GREEN BAY, WISCONSIN AU GU ST 1962 B u lle tin N o. 1 3 4 5 -3 O ctober 1962 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR W . Willard Wirtz, Secretary B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S E w a n C la g u e , C o m m issio n e r For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. - Price 25 cents Contents P reface Page The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program A two-part summary bulletin is issued after the completion of all of the area bulletins for a round of sur veys (for the current round of surveys, the first part of this bulletin will be available late in 1963 and the second part early in 1964). The first part presents individual labor market data. The second part presents data relating to all metropolitan areas in the United States. This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau's re gional office in Chicago, 111., by Marvin Glick, under the direction of Elliott A. Browar. The study was under the general direction of Woodrow C. Linn, Assistant Regional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations. Tables: 1. 2. Establishments and workers within scope of survey . Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups _________________________ . _______ A: Occupational earnings:* A - l. Office occupations— men and women ________________ _______ A -2. Professional and technical occupations— men . . . . ___ _______ A -3. Office, professional, and technical occupations— men and women combined _________ ______________ ____________ A -4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations _______....______ A -5. Custodial and material movement occupations _______ ___ B: Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:* B -l. Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers ...__ B-2. Shift differentials ________ ___________________________________ B-3. Scheduled weekly hours ________________________________ _____ B-4. Paid holidays ______________________ ___________________ ______ B-5. Paid vacations _______________________ __________. . . . ____ ______ B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans _____________________ 9 10 11 12 13 15 Appendix: Occupational descriptions . . . ________ _______________ __________ 17 * NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other major areas. (See inside back cover. ) 5 6 no A preliminary report which presents earnings trends for selected occupational groups and average earn ings in selected jobs is released within a month after the completion of the study in each area. This bulletin pro vides additional data not included in the preliminary report. 1 4 oo Eighty-two labor markets currently are included in the Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual occu pational wage surveys in major labor markets. These studies provide data on occupational earnings and related supplementary benefits. Information on related supple mentary benefits is obtained biennially in most of the labor markets. Introduction __________________________________________________________ _____ Wage trends for selected occupational groups ____________________. _____ O ccu pation al W age Survey—Green Bay, W is. Introduction This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U .S. De partment of Labor*s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of Bu reau field economists to representative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communica tion, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations and the con struction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria. schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar. Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which both men and women are commonly employed are largely due to (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties performed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of service or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted'on this basis. Longer average service of men would result in higher average pay when both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job descrip tions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usually more generalized than those used in individual establishments to allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed. These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, except for those below the minimum size studied. Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number ac tually surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment ob tained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indi cate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earnings data. Occupations and Earnings The occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material move ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi bility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they relate to office and plant workers. The concept ’’office workers, " as used in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing clerical or related functions, and excludes ad ministrative, executive, and professional personnel. ’’Plant workers” include working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. Administrative, executive, and professional employees, and force-account construc tion employees who are utilized as a separate work force are ex cluded. Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufac turing industries, but included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are r e ported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work Minimum entrance salaries (table B- l ) relate only to the es tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments with formal minimum entrance salary policies. 1 2 Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to manufacturing industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab lishment policy, 1 presented in terms of total plant worker employ ment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of workers ac tually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey. In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas sification "other” was used. In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours. The scheduled hours (table B-3) of a majority of the firstshift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B -4 through B-6) are treated statistically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers are eligible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums of individual items in tables B-2 through B-6 may not equal totals because of rounding. Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i . e . , (1) are provided for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom. Holi days ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a nonworkday, even if the worker is not granted another day off. The first part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e. The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate e s timates are provided according to employer practice in computing vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earn ings, or flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay, payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was con sidered as the equivalent of 1 week's pay. Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension plans (table B-6) for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad retirement. Such.plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly by the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside for this pur pose. Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance. Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or ac cident disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require employer contributions,2 plans are included only if the em ployer (1) contributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans 3 which provide full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work because of illness. Separate tabulations are pre sented according to (1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits. Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans. Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com mercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the worker's life. 2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island 1 An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met not require employer contributions. do either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time 3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts. An it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (l) had that could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be operated late shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or written, but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an indi (2) had provisions in written form for operating late shifts. vidual basis, were excluded. T a b le 1. E s t a b li s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r s t u d ie d in G r e e n B a y , W i s . , 1 b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 A u g u s t 1962 M in im u m e m p lo y m e n t in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s c o p e o f stu d y In d u s try d iv is io n A ll d iv is io n s N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s W ith in scope of stu d y 3 76 50 50 50 50 50 50 S tu d ie d S tu d ie d ---------------------------- -------------------------------------------------------- M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------------------- — __ ------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------------------------------- -------- — __ --------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5 ______________________________________ W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________________________________ R e t a i l t r a d e _________________________________ _________________ F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ______________________ S e r v i c e s 8 _______________________________________________________ W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y T o ta l4 O ffic e P la n t 60 1 6 ,3 0 0 2, 100 1 1 ,6 0 0 1 3 ,6 0 0 38 38 29 31 1 0 ,1 0 0 6 , 200 1 ,0 0 0 1 , 100 7 , 900 3 ,7 0 0 8 , 100 5, 500 12 8 12 2 4 11 5 9 2 4 2, 900 1, 100 1 ,6 0 0 100 500 500 1, 500 2, 770 690 1 ,4 3 0 100 480 0 (?) (?) (?) (? ) (6) (?) (6) T o ta l4 1 T h e G r e e n B a y S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s o f B r o w n C o u n t y . T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e an d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s is o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , and (2 ) s m a ll e s t a b li s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y . 2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f th e S t a n d a rd I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n . 3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m li m it a t io n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h in d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , fi n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t . 4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e an d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s . 5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c l u d e d . 6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " an d " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , and f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n is n o t m a d e f o r on e o r m o r e o f the fo l lo w i n g r e a s o n s : (1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2 ) the s a m p le w a s not d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f ic i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , an d (4 ) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta . 7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " and " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , bu t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n ly in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta f o r t h is d i v i s i o n is n ot m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o t n o t e 6 a b o v e . 8 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fi t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n iz a t io n s ; and e n g in e e r in g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s . T a b le 2. P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s in G r e e n B a y , W i s . , f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s I n d u s t r y and o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p A l l in d u s t r ie s : O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n an d w o m e n ) ____________________ S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) _ ... .......................... . U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ) _ ....... ........ . .............. M a n u f a c t u r in g : O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n an d w o m e n ) ... _ ___ I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n ) S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) ._ .. ...... ................ U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ) _______________ __ _______________ D a ta d o n o t m e e t p u b l ic a t i o n c r i t e r i a . A u g u s t 1961 to A u g u s t 1962 A u g u s t I9 6 0 to A u g u s t 1961 2. 2 2. 8 ( 2) 4. 5 6. 1 i 1) 2. 3 1. 3 4. 2 2. 6 l 1) 5. 1 8. 1 ( X) 1 .7 .6 4 Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups Presented in table 2 are percentages of change in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in av erage earnings of selected plant worker groups. For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B; office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenographers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators, class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following 8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; mechanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers, material handling. Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a per centage) of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The percentages of change measure, principally, the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force re sulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments with different pay levels. Changes in the labor force can cause in creases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase the pro portion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. Similarly, the movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other establishments in the area. The use of constant employment weights eliminates the ef fect of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job included in the data. The percentages of change are not influenced by changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for over time, since they are based on pay for straight-time hours. Wage indexes for selected groups of workers based on data from the labor market surveys were computed for 20 areas between 1953 and I960. In 1961, the labor market occupational wage program was expanded to include 80 Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas which will be surveyed annually. This expansion made data available for the computation of wage indexes for selected job groupings in each of the 80 areas. The above text represents the method used in computing these new wage change indexes. The new series was initiated last year and the data are not comparable with trends published prior to that time. The new series covers the same job groupings as the earlier series with the following exceptions: The clerical and industrial nurse groups, formerly restricted to women, now include both men and women. Changes were also made in the jobs included within job groupings in order that an identical list could be employed in all areas. A: Occupational Earnings Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women (Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Green Bay, W is. , August 1962) NUM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGH T-TIM E WEEKLY EARNINGS OF- Average Sex, occupation, and industry division Number of workers Weektyj (Standard) Weekly earnings * (Standard) 45.00 *50.00 *55.00 *60.00 *65.00 *70.00 and under 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 $ 120.00 *125.00 !3 0 .0 0 ^35.00 75.00 *80.00 *85.00 *90.00 *95 .00 100.00 105.00 110.00 *15 .00 * and 80.00 85.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 over 90.00 Men _ _ - - _ - _ - - - - - 89. 00 _ _ _ 2 40. 0 40. 0 8 6 . 50 85. 50 - _ 1 - " - 17 41. 0 56. 50 1 8 4 1 3 C lerk s, accounting, c la ss A ------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _____________________ 29 14 15 40. 0 39. 5 40. 0 81. 00 80. 00 82. 00 " - " 2 2 2 2 " 7 3 4 " 9 2 ! 7 3 1 2 3 3 - ~ C lerk s, accounting, c la ss B ------------------Manufacturing ------------- ------------------ — Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------- 101 37 64 40. 0 39. 5 40. 0 64. 50 64. 50 64. 00 3 3 18 8 10 13 5 8 11 5 6 9 4 5 4 2 2 3 2 1 2 - 12 19 2 17 1 - 1 2 - C lerk s, file, class C --------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------- 16 15 40. 0 4 0 .0 49. 50 5 0 .0 0 10 9 4 4 1 1 _ - 1 1 C lerk s, p ayroll ____________________________ Manufacturing ------- ----------------------------- 29 17 39. 5 39. 5 74. 50 75. 00 1 - 2 2 1 “ 3 1 4 2 5 4 6 4 _ 1 - 2 2 1 1 1 - 1 T Keypunch operators, c la ss B ____________ Manufacturing ---------------------------------------- 62 23 40. 0 39. 5 55. 00 58. 50 11 4 26 3 11 5 7 6 4 3 3 2 _ _ _ _ _ _ S ecretaries -------------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------- 94 63 31 3 9 .0 38. 5 40. 0 85. 50 89. 50 77. 50 _ - 7 1 6 4 2 2 5 5 4 3 1 11 10 1 11 8 - 4 4 2 1 1 13 7 6 10 7 3 Stenographers, general ----------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------ ------- ---------------- 78 43 35 39. 5 3 8 .5 4 0 .0 65. 00 67. 50 62. 00 5 2 3 5 2 3 14 4 10 18 9 9 8 7 1 14 8 6 11 8 3 Switchboard operator-recep tionists ------Manufacturing --------------------------------------- 34 20 39. 5 3 9 .0 69. 00 70. 00 1 - 3 3 4 1 5 3 5 4 7 3 1 1 T ran scribin g-m achin e operators, general ______________ _ ______— ---------- 29 4 0 .0 60. 50 7 9 1 1 4 1 4 13 10 3 3 7 4 3 3 C lerk s, accounting, c la ss A -----------------------Manufacturing __________________________ Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------- 38 15 23 39. 5 39. 0 40. 0 $108. 50 108. 50 108. 50 C lerk s, accounting, c la ss B 16 39. 0 26 20 _____________ _____________________ 4 1 3 _ - . - 3 3 | 1 1 " ~ j " 6 6 1 1 6 4 2 1 1 " 1 1 _ . _ i 3 8 1 _ 1 ___ I___ | - 4 4 7 5 4 4 3 3 ! ! - - - “ 2 1 1 1 2 2 ' 3 2 2 2 5 1 4 4 4 2 22 - - - - _ i i 1 1 - - - 1 1 _ ■ “ “ _ - " - - - - - - - “ _ ~ ' " _ " - i - - - _ - - “ - - - _ - . - _ . _ 13 11 2 5 3 2 1 1 i i 1 1 " “ " 2 2 - - - - - - - i i j “ ! Tabulating-m achine operators, Nonmanufacturing _ - - Women Bookkeeping-m achine operators, T yp ists, c la ss A ----------------------------------------- 18 40. 0 73. 50 T yp ists, c la ss B ___________________________ Manufacturing ------------------- -------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------Public utilities 3 ------------------------------ 56 36 20 15 40. 39. 40. 40. 58. 58. 56. 58. 18 ------ £ _ 0 5 5 0 00 50 50 00 3 2 1 17 8 9 6 15 11 4 3 " j 1 1 i 2 2 3 2 2 - 2 4 - - - - - " 2 1 1 - ■ 3 7 - 2 2 3 1 _ - - J ----------- 1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 A ll w orkers were at $ 150 to $ 155. 3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities. 6 Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men (A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s studied on an a re a b a s is b y in d u stry d iv is io n , G reen B ay, W is ., A ugust 1962) A v era g e Number of workers O cc u p a tio n and in d u stry d iv is io n D ra fts m e n , s e n io r _________________________________________ M a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________________________________ 27 26 Weekly hours1 (Standard) 39.5 39.5 Weekly , earnings1 (Standard) $ 12 3.0 0 123.00 NUM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGH T-TIM E W E E KLY EARNINGS OF— $ $ 105.00 110.00 1 1 1 1 $ $ $ 115.00 120.00 125.00 $ 130.00 $ 135.00 and 110.00 115.00 $ $ 95.00 100.00 and und er 100.00 105.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 over _ 11 10 2 2 2 1 1 6 — 5 1 Standard h ou rs r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir re g u la r th ese w e e k ly h o u r s . 3 3 “ 2 s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined (A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s studied on an a re a b a s is by in d u stry d iv is io n , G reen B a y , W is ., A ugust 1962) O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n Number Average weekly j earnings (Standard) O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ___________ C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c i a s s A ____________________________ M a n u f a c t u r in g __________________________________________ b o n m a r m f a c t u r in g ______________________________________ O c c u p a t io n an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n Number of workers Average weekly j earnings (Standard) O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n 67 29 38 $ 5 6 .5 0 9 6 .5 0 9 4 .5 0 98.00 C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ____________________________________________ M a n iifa r t n r im r N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________ P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ____________________________________ 41 19 18 86.00 K e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ___________________________ M a n u f a c t u r in g __________________________________________ 62 23 5 5 .0 0 5 8 .5 0 22 $ 8 1 .0 0 7 6 .0 0 8 7 .5 0 117 47 70 34 T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ________ ______ N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________ 27 20 8 7 .0 0 8 5 .5 0 T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l ____________ 29 6 0 .5 0 ______________________________________________ 18 7 3 .5 0 56 36 20 15 5 8 .0 0 5 8 .5 0 5 6 .5 0 5 8 .0 0 16 15 4 9 .5 0 5 0 .0 0 27 26 1 2 3 .0 0 1 2 3 .0 0 c la s s A 20 6 7 .5 0 C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s C ______________________________________ N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________ $ 69.00 7 0 .0 0 _____________________ ....... . ... S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s M a n u fa c t u r in g ... _ . T y p is t s , C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B ____________________________ M a n u f a c t u r in g __ ________________________________________ N n ri m a n 11 f a c f 11 r i n a AV e we rklyC e earnings (Standard) O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — C o n t in u e d O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s -----C o n tin u e d 17 Number of workers C le r k s , ord er ______________________________________________ 22 69.00 6 7 .0 0 8 9 .0 0 S e c r e ta r ie s M a n u fa c t u r in g N o n -m a n u fa c tu r in g P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ..... ... . S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ___________________________________ M a n u f a c t u r in g N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ........................ ................................. P u b l i c u t ilit i e s 2 E arn in g s re la te to re g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly s a la r ie s that a re pa id fo r T ra n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilit ie s . ......... standard w o rk w e e k s . 86.00 97 63 34 16 8 9 .5 0 7 9 .5 0 9 0 .0 0 T y p i s t s , c l a s s B ______________________________________________ M a n u fa c t u r in g ........... ._ .. N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________ P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ................ _ __ 85 43 42 18 6 8 .0 0 6 7 .5 0 6 8 .0 0 7 7 .0 0 D r a f t s m e n , s e n i o r ___________________________________________ M a n u fa c t u r in g _____________________________________________ P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations (A v era g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r m en in s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u str y d iv is io n , G re e n B ay, W is ., A ugust 1962) N U M B E R OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E H OURLY EARNINGS OF— O c c u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n Number of workers Average hourly earnings , U nder 1 $ 1.60 $ 1.60 and under 1.70 E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n ce _______________________ M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________ 46 30 $2.70 2.65 " - E n g in e e r s , st a t io n a r y _ _ M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________ 45 24 2.69 2.49 " 47 27 2.34 2.29 1 - 3 H e lp e r s , m a in te n a n ce tr a d e s ____________________ M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________ 82 81 2.21 2.21 _ . M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n ce _________________________ M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________ 47 46 2.80 2.79 . - M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e (m a in te n a n ce ) __________ N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________________ P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 _____________________________ 70 61 41 2.71 2.75 2.84 - M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n ce _________________________ M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________ 98 78 2.59 2.58 M illw r ig h ts _________________________________________ M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________ 66 66 2.81 2.81 O ile r s _______________________________________________ M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________ 30 22 2.39 2.42 - P a in t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ____________________________ M a n u fa ctu rin g ___ _______________________________ 22 21 2.46 2.48 1.70 1.80 $ 1.80 1.P0 - F ir e m e n , s ta t io n a r y b o ile r ______________________ M a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________ ._____________ $ P ip e fit t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e __ __ __ _ _ _ M a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________________ . _____ _ 21 21 2.74 2.74 1.90 2.00 2 2 _ 2 $ 2.00 2.10 $ 2.10 2.20 . . - - - - - _ “ . „ . . - - . . 1 - - 9 9 ' _ . - 2 2 1 1 1 _ $ 3.00 $ 3.10 3.00 3 10 2 1 8 2 - 4 $ 3.20 and 10 10 5 4 - 12 - nvpr 2 2 - - ~ ' - . " - - 14 14 6 6 " 8 8 1 - 4 4 11 11 11 18 17 9 - 17 17 17 - - - 4 4 4 - - 12 12 5 1 - 3 20 - _ 1 1 1 11 * 18 16 3 3 26 24 2 2 8 3 7 7 . . 1 1 40 17 17 2 2 2 2 6 6 12 4 - 6 6 1 1 9 9 9 9 - . 2 2 1 1 40 4 4 1 1 2.90 . . - 4 4 $ . 2 2 " ' 6 6 2.00 " - " _ 1 1 - " 1 1 - 2.80 2 - _ - . " 3 1 - " 16 $ „ . _ - - - 2 2 - 12 12 . _ _ 8 6 _ " . 4 4 2 1 . - 5 5 15 15 ~ “ 6 23 23 . 2.70 2. 80 _ 32 32 $ 2.70 12 12 1 1 2.60 2.60 4 4 2 2 $ 2.50 3 3 3 3 ~ 2 .50 5 4 2 2 “ $ 4 4 “ . 2.40 2.40 - 3 3 . 2.30 $ - . . $ 2.30 1 1 4 4 - 2.20 1 1 1 1 . $ - 2 2 4 4 1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and late sh ifts. 2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s. $ 1 1 10 10 6 6 - 1 1 4 4 - “ 1 1 - - 8 Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations (A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Green Bay, W is. , August 1962) n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g Occupation 1 and industry division N ber um of w orkers Guards and watchmen ------ ----------- --------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Watchmen --------------------------- ------------------------- 62 54 30 Janitors, p orters, and cleaners (men) ------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------Public u tilitie s3 — ------ ------------------------------ 181 130 51 25 Janitors, p orters, and cleaners (women) ------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------- 31 21 $ Average h ourly , Under 1.10 earnin gs $ and 1. 10 under 1.20 $ 1 .9 4 2. 01 1. 93 2. 2. 1. 1. 03 10 85 97 1.61 1. 77 2. 2. 2. 2. 31 20 48 50 Laborers, m aterial handling ------- ---------------------Manufacturing _______________________________ Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------- ----------Public utilities 3 ----------------------------------------- 495 302 193 81 Order fillers ......................... ............................................. Manufacturing _________________________________ 83 51 2. 26 2. 12 Receiving clerk s --------------------------------------------------- 17 246 198 150 2. 65 2. 77 2. 87 Truckdrivers, medium ( 1V2 to and including 4 tons) ------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------- -------------- 120 90 2. 62 2. 79 Truckers, power (forklift) ---------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------- 245 199 1.30 2 ■ 4 4 ~ 2 1 * " 1 " 1 1 ■ *1.30 1.4Q_ $ 1.40 1.50 1 2 3 4 - 1.60 - “ - - " - 6 2 4 1 36 32 4 1 16 9 7 3 54 53 1 “ 24 16 8 7 14 11 3 3 1 1 1 _ “ 7 7 4 4 _ _ _ _ ~ 2 2 . ■ * “ ■ 1 1 ‘ 11 11 ■ 5 5 “ * 2 1 " _ _ _ - - - - - 2 1 8 8 r - $ 2.80 2,90 - “ . _ . - - - . . " " . . " 29 29 29 34 34 ~ 69 48 21 1 150 150 ~ 58 11 47 47 26 23 3 3 104 13 91 1 _ 19 10 4 4 3 “ 27 27 20 - 7 7 ~ 4 4 - - 2.40-. Z M - _ 2 ,6 0 _ $ 2.70 2.80 $2.60 7 6 1 1 1 _ ' $ 2.50 11 11 3 2 2 ■ $ 2.40 “ . - _-2..2Q_ _2.3Q.. $ 2.30 ” 4 4 - $2.20 8 8 3 2 - 2.00 . 2.10 h o u r l y e a r n in g s o f - $2.10 8 8 8 6 - 4 4 $ 2.00 1 “ 2 2 - $ 1.90 8 8 8 6 6 3 " s t r a i g h t -t i m e 2 2 2 3 1 2 ~ - $ 1.80 “ 2 2 2 1 1 1.70 15 13 9 - - $ 1.60 -JLZfi _ 1^8Q J .9Q ._ 1 - Data lim ited to men w orkers except where otherwise indicated. Excludes premium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts, Transportation, communication, and other public utilities. Includes all drivers regard less of size and type of truck operated. $ 1 - “ - 1.50 1 1 1 2. 35 2. 32 - $ 2 2 2 “ 2. 34 T ru ck d rivers4 -----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------Public u tilitie s3 ----------------------------------------- $ 1.20 ■ • ” • . 1 - . _ 2 6 1 2 1 4 . . - 15 3 18 6 6 - 16 10 7 3 8 8 " 1 1 1 1 - “ 26 22 5 145 144 144 “ ’ ' ' ‘ 4 16 6 4 * 6 5 3 1 - 14 14 15 15 30 30 " 1 4 ' 2 2 ' 144 120 1 1 ’ . . 22 80 79 12 12 6 - 6 B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions Table B-l. 9 Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers (Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories of inexperienced women office workers, Green Bay, W is., August 1962) Other inexperienced clerical workers 2 Inexperienced typists Minimum weekly straight-tim e s a la ry 1 2 All industries Manufacturing Nonmanufacturing Manufacturing All industries Based on standard weekly hours 5 of— Nonmanufacturing Based on standard weekly hours3 of— Establishments studied ___ __ _______ __ _____ — ___ __ Establishments having a specified m in im u m ----- — — — ----------$ 42.50 and under $ 4 5.00 $ 4 5 .0 0 $ 4 7 .5 0 $ 50.00 $ 52.50 $ 55.00 $ 57.50 $ 60.00 and and and and and and and under under under under under under under $ 4 7 .5 0 $ 50.00 $ 5 2 .5 0 $ 55.00 $ 57.50 $ 6 0 .0 0 $ 6 2 .5 0 _____ _____ __ __ ______ __ __ _____ _ „ _ _ ----- — — __ — — _ _______ ___ _______ ___ ____ ____ ___ _ ____ _ ....................................................................... .................... . . .......... ............................ ___________________________________ ___ ___________ _____ _____ __ ___ Establishments having no specified m in im u m __ _ _____ Establishments which did not employ workers in this category _______ __ __ __ __ _____ __ _____ 40 60 29 XXX 31 XXX 60 29 XXX 31 XXX 14 9 7 5 5 29 16 12 13 12 1 3 1 4 3 1 - 1 1 1 3 1 1 _ _ _ _ 2 - 1 2 - 7 2 2 2 - 7 1 3 1 1 - 2 1 2 - 2 4 - 2 5 1 4 1 1 1 1 2 2 - All schedules All schedules All schedules All schedules 40 40 1 1 - - 2 12 3 6 3 1 1 1 8 3 XXX 5 XXX 13 5 XXX 8 XXX 38 17 XXX 21 XXX 18 8 XXX 10 XXX l 1 - - 1 These salaries relate to form ally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-tim e salaries that are paid for standard workweeks. 2 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as messenger or office girl. 3 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the m ost common standard workweek reported. 40 4 1 1 - - 10 Table B-2. Shift Differentials (Shift d iffe r e n tia ls of m an ufacturin g plant w o r k e r s by type and amount o f d iffe r e n tia l, G r e e n B ay, W is . , August 1962) P er c en t of m anufacturing plant w o r k e r s — In esta b lish m en ts having fo r m a l p r o v isio n s 1 fo r — Shift d ifferen tia l A ctu a lly w orking on---- Second shift w ork T o ta l _____ _____ -------- 95. 5 22. 6 13. 2 ------- 86. 8 21. 9 13. 2 — 88. 3 82. 2 21. 2 13. 1 2. 7 1. 5 4. 3 11. 1 7. 9 2. 5 4. 2 46. 0 2. 1 4. 1 2. 0 2. 7 1. 5 42. 9 1 .8 2. 5 11. 1 2. 8 2. 1 2. 3 6. 2 2. 0 4. 1 . 5 .2 .2 2. 5 1. 9 .7 1. 2 13. 1 .8 . 1 - . 2 10 . 9 .4 . 2 . 3 . 1 .7 . 3 2 V2 cen ts _____________________________________ 4 cen ts _____ ___ __________ ______ ___ 5 cen ts ________________________ _______________ 6 cents ___ __ _____ ________________________ 6 V3 cen ts _______________ ________________ __ 7 cents ___ ________________ _________ _ __ 7 V2 cen ts _____________________________________ ____________ ______ _ 8 cen ts ____ _______ 10 cen ts _______________________________ __ __ 12 cen ts _____________ __________ __ ______ 1 2 1/2 cen ts _____ _______________ ____________ 12z/3 cents _____________ _______ ____________ 13 cen ts ---------------------------------------------------------13 V3 cen ts — -----------------------------------------------14 cents _____________ __________ ____________ 15 cen ts _____________ _________________ __ 16 cen ts _______________________________________ 22 cen ts ______ - ______________ ___________ _ _ F u ll d a y 's pay for redu ced hours - __ 4. 1 2. 7 .7 ____________ 4. 1 2. 7 .7 U n ifo rm p ercen tage _________________________ ____________________ T h ird or other sh ift 86. 8 U n ifo rm cen ts (per hour) _______________ 10 p ercen t Second shift 9 2 .4 _______________________ ..___ With shift pay d iffer en tia l ----------------- T h ird or other shift w ork 2. 0 ____________ W ith no shift pay d iffe r e n tia l _____________________ 3. 1 1 Includes e sta b lish m e n ts c u rren tly op erating late s h ift s , even though they w ere not c u rren tly operating late s h ifts. - . 7 and esta b lish m en ts with fo r m a l p ro v isio n s - c overin g la te sh ifts 11 Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours ( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k ly h o u r s o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , G r e e n B a y , W i s . , A u g u s t 1 962) O F FIC E W O R K E R S PLAN T W O RK ERS W e e k ly h o u rs All industries A ll w o r k e r s _ _ _ ( 4_ _ _ _ _ _ ___ _ _ ___ _1 14 2 82 _ 1 -_ ( 4_ _ Public u tilities2 M anufacturing 100 _________________________________________ 35 h o u r s _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 36 h o u r s ______________________________________________ 37 h o u r s _ _ _ _ __ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 3 7 V 2 h o u r s ___________________________________________ 3 8 3/4 h o u r s ___________________________________________ 40 h ou rs _ _ _ _ _ __ __ _ __ _ __ __ __ _ _ _ O v e r 4 0 and u n d e r 4 5 h o u r s _ _ _ __ _ ___ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 4 5 hours _ 48 h ou rs _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 5 2 V2 h o u r s _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ _ _ 1 100 _ ) _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ ) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 _ 3 27 3 66 _ _ All industries3 100 100 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ - _ _ _ _ _ _ - _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ M anufacturing 100 _ _ _ _ _ j | _ ! _ ii i ■} i Ij _ j! _ j _ _ _ _ _ 100 _ _ _ _ _ 100 _ 14 _ 9 - 2 _ _ 80 1 3 _4 1 i - - l 1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y . 2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s . 3 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y . 4 L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t . Public u tilities2 100 - 76 3 3 2 12 Table B-4. Paid Holidays (Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays provided annually, Green Bay, W is., August 1962) PLAN T W O RK ERS O F FIC E W O R K E R S Item All industries 1 A ll w o r k e r s _________________________________________ W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts providing paid h olid ays ______________________________________ W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providing no paid h olidays ___ -______________________________ M anufacturing 100 100 100 100 99 100 100 96 All industries3 Public utilities2 Public utilities2 Manufacturing 100 100 i ‘ 100 99 4 1 39 4 15 37 2 i | (4) i 32 5 18 42 3 35 24 41 - 3 62 67 99 99 65 65 100 100 i j | N u m b e r of d a y s 3 6 6 6 7 8 9 h olid ays h olid ays h olidays h olid ays h olid ays holid ays h olid ays ____________________________________________ ___ *_______________________________________ plus 1 half day ________________________ plus 2 half days _______________________ __________________________________________ ________________________________________ .___ plus 1 half day ________________________ (4 ) 36 15 24 23 (4 ) 1 1 30 5 36 28 (4 ) 31 34 35 ' To tal h o lid a y t im e 1 5 4 3 2 1 I 9 V2 days --------------------------------------------------------------------8 or m o r e days _____________________________________ 7 or m o r e days _____________________________________ 6 V2 o r m o r e days __________________________________ 6 or m o r e days _________________________________ _____ 3 or m o r e days _____________________________________ 1 1 48 63 99 99 (4) 65 69 99 100 69 69 100 100 1 2 54 57 96 96 '| I j 1_ _ _ _ - _. . _. . _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 Includes data for w h o lesale tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce , and re a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly . 2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s. 3 Includes data for w h o lesa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d ivisions shown sep arately. 4 L e s s than 0 .5 p ercen t. 5 A ll com bination s of fu ll and half days that add to the sa m e amount are com b ined; for ex a m p le , the proportion of w o rk ers receivin g a total of 7 days in clu d es those with 7 fu ll d ays and no half d ays, 6 full days and 2 h alf d ays, 5 fu ll days and 4 half d a y s, and so on. P ro p o rtio n s w ere then cum ulated. 13 Table B-5. Paid Vacations (Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions, Green Bay, W is. , August 1962) PLANT W ORKERS O F F IC E W O R K E R S V a c a tio n p o lic y A ll in d u s tr ie s 1 A ll w ork ers --------------------------------------------------------------- M a n u fa ct u r in g P u b lic u t ili t ie s 2 M a n u fa ct u r in g 10 0 10 0 10 0 10 0 100 99 99 100 10 0 99 96 10 0 10 0 100 P u b lic u tilitie s 2 10 0 A ll in d u s trie s 3 10 0 10 0 M e th o d of p a y m e n t W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g paid va c a tio n s --------------------------------------------------- — L e n g t h -o f -t i m e p aym ent _____________________ P e r c e n ta g e p aym ent ________________________ — F la t -s u m p aym ent ----------- ------------------------- ------Other ____ ______ __________________________________ W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovid in g no paid v a c a tio n s _________ _______ _____________ ( 4) 1 - 95 5 3 _ - - - - “ ~ - - - - - - 2 48 36 - 4 Am ount of v a c a t io n p a y 5 A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e Under 1 w eek _______________________________________ w eek ________________________________________________ O v e r 1 and under 2 w ee k s _______________________ 1 1 1 47 4 1 0 1 ! 5 3 - 2 6 6 A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e 1 2 w eek ________________________________________________ O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________________ w e e k s ______________________________________________ 29 71 15 85 61 - 39 83 5 1 1 89 8 3 69 - 31 A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e 1w eek ________________________________________________ O v e r 1 and under 2 w eeks _______________________ 2 w ee k s ------ --------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w ee k s 2 0 1 1 0 1 80 89 " ----------------------------------- ■ 68 9 20 2 - 47 66 - 9 41 14 18 39 - 6 1 74 14 1 0 2 56 44 " A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e 1 2 w eek ________________________________________________ O ver 1 and under 2 w ee k s _______________________ w e e k s ______________________________________________ O ve r 2 and under 3 w ee k s ______________________ - 5 1 95 - 8 1 91 ~ 10 0 ■ 2 2 - 10 0 " A fte r 4 y e a r s of s e r v ic e 1 2 w eek ________________________________________________ O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________________ w ee k s ______________________________________________ O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________ 5 1 8 1 95 " 91 - (4) 98 97 - 100 ■ 46 9 42 2 65 14 19 2 - 10 0 ■ A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e 1 2 w eek ________________________________________________ w ee k s ______________________________________________ O ve r 2 and under 3 w ee k s ___ ____ _______________ 3 w ee k s ___________ _____ _____________________________ See footn otes at end of ta b le . 1 1 (4) 2 - 10 0 - 1 90 7 1 - 88 1 1 1 - 10 0 - 14 Table B-5. Paid Vacations— Continued ( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s , G r e e n B a y , W i s ., A u g u s t 1962) O F FIC E W O R K E R S PLAN T W O RK ERS V a c a t io n p o l i c y All industries1 M anufacturing All industries Public utilities13 2 M anufacturing Public utilities2 Am ount of v a c a tio n p a y 5 ---------- Continu ed A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e 1 w e e k -------------------------------- -------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s __ ____________________________________________ O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________ 3 w e e k s _______________________ ___________________________ O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________ (4 ) 43 1 56 (4 ) _ 40 1 59 (4 ) _ - 40 !j " _ _ 40 6 46 8 70 _ _ 39 6 47 8 42 1 12 62 21 3 | 1 46 4 42 5 1 39 4 49 5 60 8 63 26 3 1 12 35 19 30 2 - _ 8 34 23 32 3 1 46 24 28 - 30 ~ A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e 1 w e e k ________________________________________________ 2 w e e k s ___________________________________________________________ O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ______________________________ 3 w e e k s __________________________________________________________ O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______________________________ (4 ) 33 1 66 (4 ) _ _ 30 1 69 37 63 (4 ) " - - 58 ~ A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e 1 w e e k ____________________________________________________________ 2 w e e k s _______________ _________________________________________ 3 w e e k s ___________________________________________________________ O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______________________________ 4 w e e k s ____ _____ _____ ___ __________________ — (4 ) 10 77 8 5 _ _ 6 94 2 64 34 - (4 ) - _ 1 74 24 " A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e 1 w e e k ________________________________________________ 2 w e e k s __________________________________________________________ 3 w e e k s __________________________________________________________ O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______________________________ 4 w e e k s _____________________________________________________ — O v e r 4 w e e k s _____ _________________________________________ (4 ) 7 56 7 29 " _ 6 56 - 38 2 41 34 23 1 j “ ~ A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e 1 w e e k ____________________________________________________________ 2 w e e k s ___________________________________________________________ 3 w e e k s ___________________________________________ ______ — O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------- ------------------ — 4 w e e k s __________________________________________ — O v e r 4 w e e k s __________________________________ — (4 ) 6 39 7 46 1 _ - 4 29 2 32 34 32 - 67 1 11 31 12 35 8 - 6 34 14 34 1 2 - 1 33 24 41 1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y . 2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s . 3 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly . 4 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t . 5 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t im e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d t o an e q u iv a le n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o n ot n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s . F o r e x a m p le , th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d ic a t e d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s t im a t e s a r e c u m u la t iv e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n r e c e i v i n g 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a ft e r 5 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e w h o r e c e i v e 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e . 15 Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans ( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , 1 G r e e n B a y , W i s . , A u g u s t 1962) PLAN T W O RK ERS O F F IC E W O R K E R S T y p e o f b e n e f it All industries2 A ll w o rk e r s _________________________________________ Manufacturing All industries Public utilities34 100 100 M anufacturing Public utilities 100 100 100 100 100 W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g : L if e in s u r a n c e ___________________________________ A c c id e n ta l d ea th and d is m e m b e r m e n t in s u r a n c e _ ______ _ _ __ S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 5 __ ________ ____ _______ S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e ________ S ic k le a v e ( f u ll p a y a n d n o w a it in g p e r i o d ) ____________________________ S ic k le a v e (p a r t i a l p a y o r w a it in g p e r i o d ) ____________________________ H o s p i t a l iz a t io n in s u r a n c e ____________________ S u r g i c a l in s u r a n c e _____________________________ M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e ______________________________ C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e ________________________ R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n ____________________________ N o h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p la n ____ 92 93 98 84 89 69 84 38 !I 67 79 48 91 87 95 ! 87 90 66 58 85 1 0 79 87 28 45 35 42 3 2 13 11 - 3 24 99 99 77 22 70 1 87 87 56 72 71 98 95 71 55 74 ( 6) 99 99 68 20 85 (6 ) 47 91 9 1 53 88 60 I i ! 1 | j 1 j 1 j i 6 97 93 72 35 71 2 i ------------------------------1 I n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t i s b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t i n g o n ly l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , an d r a i l r o a d r e tire m e n t. 2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y . 3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t il it i e s . 4 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y . 5 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w . S i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to t h o s e w h ic h d e f in i t e ly e s t a b l is h at le a s t th e m in i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . I n fo r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on a n in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d . 6 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t . Appendix: Occupational Descriptions The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety o f payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, die Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers. OFFICE BILLER, MACHINE BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR Prepares statements, b ills , and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are cla ssified by type o f machine, as follow s: Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record o f business transactions. Class A — Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the structure o f the particular accounting system used. Determines proper records and distribution o f debit and credit items to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal ance sheets, and other records by hand. Biller, machine (hilling machine)— ses a special billing ma U chine (Moon Hopkins, E lliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in v oices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping memorandums, e tc. Usually involves application of prede termined discounts and shipping charges and entry o f necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies o f the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine. Class B— Keeps a record o f one or more phases or sections o f a set o f records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department. Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— ses a bookkeeping U machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’ bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in volves the simultaneous entry o f figures on customers’ ledger rec ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge o f book keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips. CLERK, ACCOUNTING Class A— Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivableor accounts 17 18 C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G -C o n tin u e d payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing, adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct cla ss B a c counting clerks. Class B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not require a knowledge o f accounting and book keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers. CLERK, FILE Class A — an established filing system containing a number In of varied subject matter files, cla ssifie s and indexes file material such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May also file this material. May keep records of various types in con junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks. Class B— Sorts, cod es, and files unclassified material by sim ple (subject matter) headings or partly cla ssified material by finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids. As requested locates clearly identified material in files and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files. Class C— Performs routine filing of material that has already been cla ssified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files. CLERK , ORDER R eceives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail, phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep file o f orders received, and check shipping invoices with original orders. CLERK, PAYROLL Computes wages o f company employees and enters the n e ce s sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers* earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker*s name, work ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and d is tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine. COMPTOMETER OPERATOR Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance of other duties. DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO) Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material. 19 KEYPUNCH OPERATOR Class A — Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application o f coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example, locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts information from several documents; and searches for and interprets information on the document to determine information to be punched. May train inexperienced operators. Class B— Under clo se supervision or following sp e cific proce dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents, follow s specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor. OFFICE BOY OR GIRL Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis tributing mail, and other minor clerical work. SECRETARY Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and SECRETARY— Continued making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or memorandums for information of superior. STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy. May maintain file s, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator.) STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons, either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scien tific research and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc. OR Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi denced by die following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge o f general busi ness and office procedures and o f the sp ecific business operations, organization, p o licie s, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup file s; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work. 20 SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard. Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice ca lls. May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information to persons who call in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist. TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATO R-Continued Class C— Operates simple tabulating or electrical account ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc., with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and some filing work. The work typically involves portions o f a work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re petitive operations. SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or perform routine clerica l work as part of regular duties. This typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at switchboard. TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR Class A— Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re ports which often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams and operating sequences of long and com plex reports, Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations and day-to-day supervision o f the work and production of a group o f tabulating-machine operators. Class B— Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under sp ecific instructions and may include the performance of some wir ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the procedures are well established. May also include the training of new employees in the basic operation of the machine. TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or sp ecia lized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified as a stenographer, general. TYPIST Uses a typewriter to make co p ie s o f various material or to make out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May include typing of sten cils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating processes. May do clerica l work involving little sp ecia l training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail. Class A— Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing ma terial in final form when it involves combining material from several sources err responsibility for correct spellin g, syllabication, punc tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances. Class B — Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance p ol icie s, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly. 21 PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR (Assistant draftsman) Draws to scale units or parts o f drawings prepared by drafts man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Uses various types o f drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction o f a draftsman. completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan tities; writing specification s; and making adjustments or changes in drawings or specification s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, e le c trical, mechanical, or structural drafting. DRAFTSMAN, LEADER NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep aration o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer gen cies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature. DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by use o f drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those involved in strength o f materials, beams and trusses; verifying A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the premises o f a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina• tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations o f applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel. TRACER Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw ings and do simple lettering. MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. 22 ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by performing sp ecific or general duties o f lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools; and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis. ENGINEER, STATIONARY Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise these operations. H ead or c h ie f engineers in e s ta b lis h MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost o f the follow ing: Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion . ments em ploying more than one en gineer are ex clu d e d . MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water and safety valve. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment. Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing: Interpreting written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety o f ma chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo s e toler ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions o f work, tooling, feeds and speeds o f machining; knowledge o f the working 23 M ACH IN IST, M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d M ILLW RIG H T properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers o f gravity; alining and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi ence in die trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE) Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source o f trouble; disassembling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gages, drills, or sp ecia lized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or d efective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the wort o f the auto motive mechanic requires rounded training and- experience usually a c quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing: Examining machines and mechan ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacementpart by a machine shop or sendingof the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all n ecessary adjustments for operation. In gen eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and .experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva lent training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tion are workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines. OILER Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur faces of.mechanical equipment of an establishment. PAINTER, MAINTENANCE Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge o f surface pecu liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain, proper color or consisten cy. In general, the work o f the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position o f pipe from draw ings or other written specification s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to correct lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings 24 PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued and fastening pipe to hangers;making standard shop computations relat ing to pressures, flow, and siz e of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general the work o f the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating system s are excluded. types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety o f handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general, die work o f the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. TOOL AND DIE MAKER (Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; g&ge maker) PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order. Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay ing out all types o f sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other sp ecification s; setting up and operating all available Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fix tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out o f work from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp e cifica tio n s; using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common metals and alloys; setting up and operating o f machine tools and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal parts during fabrication as w ell as o f finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assem bling o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and se le ctin g appro priate materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tio n . CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER GUARD Transports passengers between floors of an o ffice building apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those o f starters and janitors are excluded. Performs routine p o lice duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes ga te• men who are stationed at gate and ch eck on identity o f em ployees and other persons entering. 25 PACKER, SHIPPING JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER (Sweeper; charwomen; janitress) Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work ers who specia lize in window washing are excluded. Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping containers, the sp e cific operations performed being dependent upon the type, size , and number o f units to be packed, the type o f container employed, and method o f shipment. Work requires the placing o f items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f the following: Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify content; selection o f appropriate type and size o f container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded. LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING (Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper) SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment whose duties involve o n e ’or more o f the follow ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded. sible for incoming shipments o f merchandise or other materials. ping work involves: routes, Ship A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the goods shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file o f shipping records. direct or a ssist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. work involves: May Receiving Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct ness o f shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan ORDER FILLER (Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman) dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary records and files. F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform Other related duties. For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s: R eceiving clerk Shipping clerk Shipping and receiving clerk 26 TRUCKDRIVER TRUCKER, POWER Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f estab lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. D river-salesm en and over-tke-road drivers Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment. are e x clu d e d . For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the basis of trailer capacity.) Truckdriver (com bination Truckdriver, lig h t (under Truckdriver, medium ( 1% Truckdriver, heavy (over Truckdriver, heavy (over o f s i z e s lis t e d sep a ra tely) l / 2 ton s) l to and including 4 tons) 4 tons, trailer type) 4 ton s, other than trailer type) For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type o f truck, as follows: Trucker, power (forklift) Trucker, power (other than fo rk lift) WATCHMAN Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property against fire, theft, and illegal entry. ☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1962 O - 664504