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Occupational Wage Survey
SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS
MAY 1962

B u l l e t i n No. 1 3 0 3 - 6 3




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey

SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS




MAY 1962

Bulletin No. 1303-63
Ju ly 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BU REA U O F LA B O R S T A T IST IC S
Ew an C la g u * , Com m issioner

For sal* by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D .C.

-

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program
Wage trends for selected occupational groups _________________________

This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau's re­
gional office in Atlanta, Ga., by Cappa C. Kent, under
the direction of Donald M. Cruse. The study was under
the general direction of Louis B. Woytych, Assistant Re­
gional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.




Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey ____________
2. Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups ____________________________________________

2
3

A: Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women ---------------------------------A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men ____________
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men
and women combined ________________________________
A -4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations ____________
A - 5. Custodial and material movement occupations ______
Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational descriptions ___________________________
B. Occupational descriptions _____________________________________ __

11
13

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for these items and also
tabulations on establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions are available in previous area reports
for San Antonio and for other major areas. A directory
indicating the areas, dates of study, and prices of these
reports is available upon request.
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels,
are available for the following trades or industries: Build­
ing construction, printing, local-transit operating employ­
ees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

o

4
5
-s i

Two bulletins, bringing together the results of all
of the area surveys, are issued after completion of the
final area bulletin in the current round of surveys. The
first of these bulletins will be available late in 1962 and
the other early in 1963. During the survey year, summary
releases presenting areawide occupational earnings data
for 25 to 30 labor markets, are issued as data become
available.

3

00

The Bureau of Labor Statistics annually conducts
occupational wage surveys in 82 labor markets.
The
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits. A preliminary report furnishing
trend data and average earnings is released within a month
of the completion of each study. This bulletin provides
additional data not included in the preliminary report.




Occupational Wage Survey—San Antonio, Tex.
Introduction

are presented (in the A-series tables) for the following types of occu­
pations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U.S. De­
partment of L abors Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys
of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an area basis.
The bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i . e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

In each area, data are obtained from representative establish­
ments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations
and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having
fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of
the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this
basis. Longer average service of men would result in higher average
pay when both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, except
for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data




1

2




Table 1. E stablishm ents and w ork ers within scope of survey and number studied in San Antonio, Tex.
Number o f establishm ents
Industry d ivision

by m ajor industry d ivision , 2 May 1962
W orkers in establishm ents

_____

__ __

_ ____

_

------- ------

Manufacturing
Transportation, com m unication, and other
_
public u tilities 1 ^
4
3
2 _____________________________„_______, _________
___
_____________ — _____ ____ —
W holesale t r a d e 56
R etail t r a d e 5 _
__ _ ----------- ----------- ------------- — - — ------Finance, insurance, and rea l e s ta te 5 ___ __ ___
_
_ ____
S erv ices (excluding hotels with m ore than

Studied

Within scop e
o f study

Studied

339

105

50, 000

26,750

96
243

38
67

16, 900
33, 100

9, 420
17,330

26
47
92
33

14
11
20
10

5, 900
4, 000
15,700
3, 700

45

A ll division s ________

Within scope
o f study *

12

3, 800

4,
1,
8,
1,

950
310
250
460

1, 360

1 The San Antonio Standard M etropolitan S tatistical A rea con sists o f Bexar County. The "w o rk e rs within scop e o f study" estim ates shown in
this table p rovid e a reasonably accurate d escrip tion o f the size and com p osition o f the labor fo rce included in the survey. The estim ates are not
intended, how ever, to serve as a b asis o f com p a rison with other area em ploym ent indexes to m easure em ploym ent trends o r le v e ls since (1) planning
of wage surveys req u ires the use o f establishm ent data com p iled con sid era b ly in advance o f the p ayroll p eriod studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents
are excluded fro m the scop e o f the survey.
2 The 1957 re v ised edition o f the Standard Industrial C la ssifica tion Manual was used in classifying establishm ents by industry division . M ajor
changes fro m the e a rlie r edition (used in the B ureau's labor m arket wage surveys conducted p rio r to July 1958) are the tra n sfer o f m ilk p a steu ri­
zation plants and rea d y-m ixed con crete establishm ents fro m trade (w holesale o r retail) to m anufacturing, and the tra n sfer o f radio and te lev ision
broadcasting from s e rv ice s to the transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at o r above the m in im u m -size lim itation (50 em ployees). A ll outlets (within the area) of
com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair s e rv ice , and m otion-p icture theaters are con sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Taxicabs and s e rv ice s incidental to water transportation w ere excluded. San A ntonio's e le c tr ic , gas, and transit system s are m unicipally
operated and are excluded by definition fro m the scope o f the study.
5 This industry division is rep resented in estim ates for " a ll in d ustries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the S eries A tables. Separate presentation
o f data for this d ivision is not made fo r one o r m ore o f the follow ing rea son s: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data
to m erit separate study, (2) the sam ple was not designed initially to p erm it separate presentation,
(3) response was in sufficient o r inadequate to
p erm it separate presentation, and (4) there is p o ssib ility o f d isclo s u re o f individual establishm ent data.
6 H otels; p erson a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile rep a ir shops; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit m em bership organ iza tion s; and engineering
and a rch itectu ral s e rv ice s .

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percents of change in salaries of
office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average earnings
of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
cents of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The per­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The of­
fice clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; me­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average sal­




Table 2.

aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average employ­
ment in the job during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted
earnings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an ag­
gregate for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for the one year to the aggregate for the other year was
computed and the difference between the result and 100 is the percent
of change from the one period to the other.
The percent of change measures, principally, the effects of
(1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers
employed by establishments with different pay levels. Changes in the
labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect.
The movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
occurred in other area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime,
since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

P ercents o f in cre a s e in standard w eekly sala ries and straigh t-tim e hourly earnings
fo r selected occupational groups in San Antonio, T e x ., May 1961 to May 1962
Occupational group

O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and w om e n )-----------------------------------------Industrial nurses (men and w om en)------------------------------------Skilled m aintenance (men) ---------------------------------------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )-----------------------------------------------------------1 Insufficient data to m eet publication cr ite ria .

A ll industries
3. 5
(l )
(l )
7. 1

Manufactur ing
2. 2
(l )
C)

2 .9

A: Occupational Earnings

4

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division. San Antonio. Tex., May 1962)
NUMBER O WORKERS RECETVINO 8TRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
F

Avuuos
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

$
$
W
eekly,
Weeklyx 35.00 40.00
hours
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40 .0 0 . 45.00

45.00

$
50.00

<
55.00

<
60.00

*65.00

50.00

55.00

60.00

65.00

70.00

75.00

_
1

_
1

_
2

_
5

2
2

11
3
8

7
3
4

22

7

6
5
1
4

1

4

_

4

16
_

4
_

5
_

_

!

$
$
70.00 75.00

$
80.00

80.00

85.00

t

85.00

t
90.00

90.00

95.00

$
$
$
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00
.and
100.00 105.00 110.00 o v e r

$

Men

. . . . -------- — ----

36

40.0

76.50

_
_

C lerk s, o r d e r __________________________________________

46

41.0

76.50

.

_

O ffice b oys — ------ ------- ----------- —
Nonm anufacturing —
—

44
26

39.5

w .r

49.00
50.00

32
18

32
32

40.0
46.6

53.50
53.50

_
-

— ._ ------- .
------- -------------

39
— 25

41.0
41.4

58.00
56.66

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) . . . — --- ---------Nonm anufacturing . ____ . .
....
. ..

49

W~

40.0
46.5

50.00
46.00

B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs , c la s s A ._ _
. ______
M anufacturing ____ _ . . . _______ .

54
36

39.5
40.0

68.00
66.00

B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs , c la s s B —----------------N onm anufacturing --------- ’ .
----------

236
21?

40.0
40.0

52.00
52.00

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A __ — --- -------------------------- —
Nonm anufacturing
_________________________________
P u b lic u tilities 3 _________________________________

79
60
25

40.5
46.4
40.0

75.50
73.50
88.50

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B __________________________
M anufacturing . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . .
..
N onm anufacturing -----------------------------------------------------

223
39
184

40.0
46.0
40.0

58.50
61.50
58.00

40.0
46.6

51.00
51.00

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A __ . .
..
___
M anufacturing _________, __ ,______ -----------------------------_
Nonm anufacturing ___________________________________
C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B

.

— — -----________ ____

T abulating-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la s s C
. . . . . .
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ___________ ______ ______________ _

74
— 25—
48

39.5
46.0
39.5

$ 88.00
88.36
87.50

_
“
>

4
7
— r ~ -----3—

_

1
— r ~
_
-

5
5

11
9
2

3
3

5
4
1

4

1

2

2

2

4
_

5
_

!

_

.

_

_

_

26
_

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

_
_
1
1
-

_
3
2
2

_
_
1
1
11
7
7

_
-

-

_
-

2
_
_

_
_

8
2

2
2
-

l
20

7
7

19
19

-

3
3

3
3

-

-

_
-

5
5

3
1

19
l6

5
1

4
1

2
2
_
6
5

14
14
-

9
6

2
2

6
3

9
4

2
2

13
12

3
"
3
3

3
11
4

2
10
2

_
_
4
1

97
97

59
56

56
47

12

-

-

-

9
9
-

21
17
-

4
2

4
2

-

-

12
9
4

4
4
4

9
8
8

9
9

71
8
63

31
31

21
12
9

17
4
13

25
7
18

3
1
2

3
3

10
7

38
38
_
4

10
8
11

13
4
9
_
3

_
7

“
-

-

33
3
30
-

4

12
25
— 2— — 6”
10
19

19
1
18

6
4
2

2
2

7
3
4

9

32
31

14

20
l4

1
1

5
5

1
1
1

-

3
2
1
_

32
4
28
5

35
9
26
1

_
-

2
2

W om en
B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine)
Nonm anufacturing _ ____ ____

C lerk s, file , cla s s B 4 ____ . .
. ------- . .
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ----------------------------------------------------C lerk s, file , cla ss C 4 _______________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________________________
C lerk s, o r d e r . .

.

______

__

----------- -

39.5
" 59.JT

45.50
45.50

_
11
11
1
_
2
-----2-----

29

40.0

64.00

_

87

64.00
'68756

61
— 55”

’

33
— 55

C lerk s, p a y ro ll
_
..
__
. . . .
..
M anufacturing
__.
r
___. __ ,_ ,
_
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------------------------------

— T i~
60

40.5
46.0
41.0

C om ptom eter o p e r a t o r s _______________________________
Nonm anufacturing
_
.
-------------. —

81
64

40.0
40.0

66.50
67.00

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A 4 ________________________
Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s B 4 ----Nonm anufacturing _ _____
_

--------- ._
_ ____ .

S e c r e ta r ie s . .
___ ___
. . ---- . . . . .
M anufacturing _.
. . . .
.. .. .. . . . . .
.
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ___ _
-------- . . .
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 _. ____ . — ___ . . — .

40.0

31
67
— 55”
252
75"

176
44

62.00

'

60.00

40.0
40.0"

56.00
55.50

39.5

78.00
78.00
78.00
88.00

5675“

39.5
40.0

_
_
_
-

2
2
_
1
----- j-----

_
_
_
“

29
29
_
1
1
_
22
22
_
-

1

5
5

4
1
_

21

5

3

1

17
17

9
8

9
6

4
4

4
4

6
1
5
“

20
5
15

27
' 1
20

29
13
16

5
4

27
n—
, 14
4

6

6

-

6

3

1
1

12
6
6

3

Z1
9
20
8

‘

See footnotes at end of table.




NOTE: Data for nonmanufacturing do not include information for hotels which employ more than 100 workers; the smaller hotels and the
remainder of the services division are appropriately represented in data for all industries combined and for nonmanufacturing.

_

_
~
_

15
4
11
9

10
1
9
2

2
1

1

6
6

5
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en-----Continued

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San Antonio, T e x ., May 1962)
Avxraok
Number
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Weekly,
hours 1
(Standard)

: NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly ,
earnings *
(Standard)

$
35.00
and
under
40.00

$
40.00

S
4 5 .0 0

$
50.00

$
55.0 0

$
60.00

$
65.00

$
70.00

$
75.00

<
80. 00

85.00

$
90.00

45.00

50.00

55. 00

6 0 .0 0

65.00

70.00

75.00

80.00

85.00

9 0.00

95.00

$
$
$
$
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00
and
100.00 105.00 110.00 over

Women— Continued
—

_

_
_
“
9
9

11
11

6
5

13
12

4
4

2
2

9
6
3
_
-

7
2
5
_

22
15

18
17

_
~

8
3

6
5

5

3

_

30
24

9
9

_

U
2
9
9

33
14
19
-

-

35
28

22
20

_

18

4

7
7

5
5

16
14

53
51

37
28

13
9

26
24

_

_

-

-

-

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

$ 6 2 .5 0
62.50
62.00
81.50

Stenographers, s e n io r 4 —
- -------— __ _ -------M anufacturing -------------- — __ __ __ ------- —
N onm anufacturing — __
—
._ — —

122
33
89

40.0
40.0
40.0

71.50
76.00
7 0.00

Sw itchboard op e r a to r s ---------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing — —
— — ~ ~ ---------- -

77
68

40.0
40.0

55.50
55.00

Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t i o n i s t s ------------------------------N onm anufacturing -------------------------------------------------------

113
90

40.5
40.5

56.00
55.50

_

_

-

_ — __ —

32

40.0

53.50

_

N onm anufacturing -------------------------------------------------------

67
59

39.5
39.5

59. 50
59.00

-

T yp ists, c la s s B _ — ------- -_ — — ------- -_ -----N onm anufacturing -------------------------------------------------------

140
122

39.5
39.5

51.00
51.00

6
6

1
2
3
4

9
6
3
3

34
14
20
2
_
8
2

179
79
100
26

T r a n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p e ra to rs , gen era l

9
5
4
1
33
3
30

21
14
7
5

11
3
8

33
19
14
31
8
23

22
4
18
_
17
17

Stenographers, g e n e r a l4 -----------------------------------------------M anufactur ing -_________ ________ ______________ _____
N onm anufacturing ------------------------------------------------------Public u tilitie s 3 ----------------------------------------------------

_
9
9

5
4

_

_
_
1
1

3
_
3
3

.
_
_
-

2
_
2

_

_

_
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

'

_

-

_

_

-

2
1
1
1

2
2
2

6
4
2

4
2
2

7
5
2

-

6
6

2
2

1
-

_

_

-

-

2
2

2

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

_

_

_

_

_

.

-

-

_
_

-

-

_
-

-

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Workers were distributed as follows: 5 at $ 115 to $ 120; 1 at $ 120 to $ 125.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Description for this job has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.

Tabic A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San Antonio, Tex., May 1962)

(Standard)

Draftsmen, senior _______________
__ — ____ _ __
_
Manufacturing ----------------------------------------.---------------

68
62

Draftsmen, junior __________ __ __ ---- -------------------Manufacturing ____
_ _______
_
_____ ---------- -

53
51

40. 0
40.0

4
4

40.0 $93.00
40.0
92.50
73.00
72.50

3
3

13
12

4
4

3
3

8
8

6
6

10
10

12
12

_
-

12
9

6
6

4
4

8
8

5
4

7
7

S“
(Ji

©
©

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

*55. 00 *60. 00 *65. 00 *70. 00 *75. 00 *80. 00 *85. 00 *90. 00 *95. 00 foo. 00
and
under
60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105. 00

in
O

Number
of
workers

f i o .o o ?15. 00 *20. 00 *25. 00

©
o

[ n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g STRAIGHT-TIm e W E E K L Y EARNINGS o f —

Avxbaoi

Occupation and industry division

115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00

3
3

-

•-

10
10

1
-

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

-

~

“

-

-

-

-

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.




1

NOTE: Data for nonmanufacturing do not include information for hotels which employ m ore than 100 workers; the smaller hotels and the
remainder o f the services division are appropriately represented in data for all industries combined and for nonmanufacturing.

6
Table A-3.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Com bined;

(Average straight-time weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San Antonio, T e x ., May 1962)

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of

Average
w
eekly ,
earnings1
2
(Standard)

Num
ber
of
workers

O ccupation and industry d ivision

w
eekly .
earnings
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry div ision

rierW s

Average
w
eekly ,
earnings1
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations

Number
of

payroll

, 105
42
63

$66.00
68. 50
64. 00

_______

81
64

66. 50
67. 00

Keypunch op e ra to rs, c la s s A 3 --------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------------

40
31

69. 50
7 1.00

Keypunch op e ra to rs, c la s s B 3 — --------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------------

67
63

56. 00
55. 50

50
50
00
50

O ffice boys and g ir ls ------------------------------------------------Nnnrn^ nnfartii ring
-

64
46

50. 00
50. 50

259
53
206

61. 00
65. 50
60.00

S e cre ta rie s . __ ----------------- — ------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g __________ ________________ ___
N^nma nnf* ctu ri ng
Plllilir utilities 2
_

257
77
180
47

78. 50
78706
78. 50
89.00

61
56

51. 00
51. 00
Stenographers, g e n e r a l3 ____ _______ ___________ ___
M anufacturing r
.
.
Nortrna rmfa r tiering
_
_
____________

182
79
103
29

63. 00
62. 50
63.00
83. 00

N on m an u factu rin g------------------------------------------------

41
28

$60 .00
59. 00

B ille r 8, m achine (bookkeeping m achine) ---------------Nonm anufacturing -------------------------------------- —-------

49
38

50.00
46. 00

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs, c la s s A -------------

67
30
37

67.0 0
66. 00
68.00

249
230

52. 50
52. 00

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A . . . _------------------------M anufacturing
_
__ _________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------

153
45
108
28

81.
85.
80.
91.

Cl^rkP,

Switchboard o p era tors
Nonmanufacturi ng

-------

------ ---

----

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs , c la s s B -------------

c la s s R

.

.. ........... .

C lerk s, file , c la s s B 3 . ___. . . ____ __. . . .
. . . . __
N on m an u factu rin g------------------------------------------------

filp

33
33

^lsii9P f* ^

N onm anufacturing -----------------------------------------------Clftrks, o r d e r

__ ______

_____ _

—

N on m an u factu rin g------------------------------------------------

45. 50
45. 50

75

71. 50
81. 00
64. 50

JZ

43

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is ts __________________
Nnnmannfartiiri ng

113
90

5 6.00
55. 50

36

65. 50

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s C __ __ - __
Nonm anufacturing __ — ____ ___________ __ . .

55
49

5 9 .0 0
60. 00

T ran scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , g e n e r a l __________

N on m an u factu rin g------------------------------------------------

_______________

$ 55 .50
55.00

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B _____________

__

Nonmanufacturing

78
69

32

53. 50

Typists, c la s s A
___ _
_ __
____
____
Nonm anufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

67
59

59. 50
5 9.00

Nonm anufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

148
130

53. 00
53.00

___ ____ . __ _____
______ _

68
62

93. 00
92. 50

D raftsm en, j u n i o r --------------------- --------- ------------------------M anufacturing _____ _____
_ __

53
51

7 3 .0 0
72. 50

P ro fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations

^

.. .

Stenographers, s e n io r 3 ------------^nnm^nnf^rturing

.

.

.. _

-------------------------____ „

122

71. 50

89

70. 00

D raftsm en, sen ior __ ____
M anufacturing ...

-----53---- 76. 00

1 Earnings are for a regular workweek for which employees receive their straight-time weekly salaries, exclusive of any premium pay.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Description for this job has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




NOTE: Data for nonmanufacturing do not include information for hotels which employ more than 100 workers; the smaller hotels and the
remainder of the services division are appropriately represented in data for all industries combined and for nonmanufacturing.

7
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division* San Antonio* Tex. * May 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

*
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
<
Average $
hourly , 1.00 1. 10 $1.20 1. 30 *1.40 1. 50 1.60 1. 70 *1.80 1. 90 *2.00 *2. 10 *2. 20 *2. 30 *2.40 *2. 50 *2.60 $2. 70 *2.80 2. 90 *3. 00 3. 10 3.20 3. 30 3.40 3. 50
and
earnings
and
under
1. 10 1. 20 1.30 1.40 1. 50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .00 2. 10 2.2 0 2 .3 0 2.4 0 2. 50 2.6 0 2.70 2.80 2.90 3. 00 3. 10 3.2 0 3. 30 3 .4 0 3.50 over

O ccupation and industry div isio n

Number
of
workers

E le c tr ic ia n s , m a in t e n a n c e ______________

30

$ 2 . 51

E n gin eers, s t a t io n a r y __________________
N onm anufacturing ---------------------- -------

63
44

2. 50
2.49

“

"

-

”

"

“

”

129
69
60

1. 76
2. 18
1.27

20
20

8
8

24
9
15

15
5
10

7
6
1

4
4
“

79
64
51

2.61
2.70
2 .72

_
-

_
"

_
-

_
“

_
“

2
2
2

2. 54
2. 59

_

.

_

_

_

H e lp e rs , m aintenance trad es ----------------•
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ____ — ---------M ech an ics, autom otive (m aintenance) —
N onm anufacturing __ __ __ __ __ —
Pu blic u tilities 1 __________________
2
M ech an ics, m aintenance _____________
M anufacturing ____ ________ ________

67
6o

4

~

j

3
3

10
4

3
2
1

_
-

5
5
“

3
3
"

_
-

5
2
2

15
11
10

1
1

7
7

_

_

'
4
4

2

4

1

7
6

5
5

_
“

_
"

6
2
4

-

-

4
1

5
5

1
1

“
4
4

6

1

9
5

j

'
15
9

2
2

1

2

2
6
6

"

4
12
11

2
”

17
17

14
14
“

_
_

_
“

_
-

"

'

33
31
31

2
-

_
-

_
-

4
4

'

'

'

_

8
8

16
16

_

_

'

_
“

3
2

2
2
2

_
-

_
-

!
1

_
-

'

2
2
2

"

1
1
1

1

'

_

4
4

_

7
6

_

_

_

1

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




j

“

_
“

_

6

“

_
“

'

4

NOTE: Data for nonmanufacturing do not include information for hotels which employ m ore than 100 workers; the smaller hotels and the
remainder of the services division are appropriately represented in data for all industries combined and for nonmanufacturing.

'

~

-

•

1

-

_
-

8
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San Antonio, T ex., May 1962)
NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccu p ation 1 and industry d ivision

E levator o p era to rs , passen ger
( worn e n) _______________ _____ ___ _
N on m an u factu rin g-------------------------------

Number
of
workers

$
s
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average
hourly , Under 0 .60 0 .70 0 .8 0 0 .9 0 1.00 1. 10 1.20 1. 30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1. 90 2 .0 0 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 9<
earnings $
and
0.6 0 under
.7 0
.8 0
.9 0 1.00 1. 10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2 ,3 0 2. 40 2 .5 0 2 ,6 0 2. 70 2. 80 2 .9 0 3 ,

89
89

$ 0 .8 0
.8 0

3 24
24

11
11

12
12

-

75
29
46

1. 56
1.45
1.64

.

.

.

_

s
Jan itors, p o rte rs , and clea n ers
(men) ___ ____________________________ ___
M a n u fa ctu rin g____________ ___________
N on m an u factu rin g____________________

794
189
605

1. 17
1.32
1. 12

15
15

5
5

16
16

28
28

29
29

Jan itors, p o rte rs , and cle a n e rs
(women) _____ __
.
___ __
__ _
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

282
282

1. 00
1.00

_
-

57
57

2
2

5
•5

L a b o r e rs , m aterial h a n d lin g ----------------M anufacturing ----------------------------- Nonmanufacturing ____ _ —
Public u t ilit ie s 4 __ ----------------- —

533
144
389
110

1.47
1.43
1.49
2. 23

.
-

_
-

.
-

_____
_ _
O rd er fille r s __
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________ _____
N on m an u factu rin g-------------------------------

400
72
328

1.25
1.45
1.21

_
■

_
*

_
-

P a ck ers, shipping __
__
_ __ ^[ani^fa
ng
N onm an u factu rin g____________________

141
95
46

1. 28
1.33
1. 18

■

“

"

R eceivin g c l e r k s ________________________
M anufacturing _
_ _ _ _ _
Mnnma nnfarturing

79
37
42

1.67
1.72
1.62

_
-

.
-

.
-

.

Shipping and re ce iv in g c le r k s __________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________________

53
32

1.84
1.99

_

_

T ru ck d riv ers 5 __________________________
M anufacturing — _ _ _ _ _ _ _____________
N onm an u factu rin g__
Public utilities 4 __________________

1. 135
249
886
225

1.68
1. 54
1.72
2. 35

.
-

Guards _

—

. . .

“

38
38

_

_

-

3
3

5

1

5
5

1
10
'

1

2
2

.

-

1
1
-

3

1

-

-

-

3

1

-

-

-

!
1
1

9
9
4

44
44
44

7
7
7

.
-

_
-

.
-

4

14

4

4

14

6
4
2

44
6
38

12
12
’

9
8
1
-

7
6
1
-

15
9
6
3

13
12
1
-

18
12
6

10
4
6

20
5
15

28
24
4

4

23
22

13
13

3
3

271
35
236

167
38
129

64
29
35

31
15
16

63
29
34

38
20
18

-

141
141

50
50

5
5

2
2

9
9

11
11

.
-

.
-

.
-

297
40
257
12

35
18
17
-

10
5
5
1

42
42
-

_
-

_
“

.
-

280
14
266

31
9
22

9
4
5

31
26
5

52
23
29

9
8

16
5

3

10
-

10

-

.
-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

n
11

1

46
5
41

•

.

4

15
15

10

5
5

-

9
-

_

101
15
86
29

267
33
234

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

42
4
38
38

2
2
-

.
-

_

_

_

6
<r~

.

.

-

-

12
_
12
8

112
_
112
96

4

1

1

8
4
4

15
5
10

10
8
2

8
4
4

8
7
1

2
2

11
3
8

4
4

2
2

3
3

1
1

1
1

-

1
1

4
4

4
4

2
-

4
4

_

_

1
1

8
3

14
9

_

1

_

_

.

-

1

-

-

102
41
61
18

66
36
30
3

84
50
34
3

53
45
8

4
_
4

2
_
2

30
_
30
1

89
_
89

1
_
1

63
1
62
62

8
4
4
4

63
3
60

See footnotes at end of table.




-

NOTE: Data for nonmanufacturing do not include information for hotels which employ more than 100 workers; the sm aller hotels and the
remainder of the services division are appropriately represented in data for all industries combined and for nonmanufacturing.

_
_

4
_
4

16
16
_

Q
<

9
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , San Antonio, T e x . , May 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation 1 and industry division
*
2

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly 2
earnings

Under *0.60 *0.70 *0. 80 *0.90 *1.00 V 10 *1.20 *1.30 *1.40 *1. 50 *1.60 *1.70 *1.80 *1.90 *2.00 *2. 10 *2.20 *2. 30 *2.40 *2., 50 *2.60 *2.70 *2.80 *2.90
and
£
0. 60 under
.70
.80 .90 1.00 1. 10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2. 10 2. 20 2.30 2.40 2. 50 2.,60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00

T ruckdr ive r s : 8— C ontinued
Truckdrivers, light (under
l l/2 tons) ______________
_ _
Manufacturing __________ _______

272
66

$ 1.30
1.41

-

-

-

-

N onm anufacturing _________ ___ ____

206

1.27

”

“

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m edium (I V 2 to and
including 4 tons) __ ___ _________ ——
------- __
_ _
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing ------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 _______________
5

538
129
409
167

1.82
1. 58
1.90
2 .60

-

-

"

"

“

T r u c k d r iv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 ton s,
t r a ile r type) —__________ __ t
_________
M anufacturing ____________________
N onm anufacturing ________________

316
47
269

1.77
1.53
1.81

”

“

-

T r u c k e r s , pow er (fork lift) ______________
M anufacturing
■Wnnmanu far til rin g

124
39
85

1.44
1.54
1.40

_ .

_

_
_

1.22
W atchm en
__
------ 89 —
gj
— TTT
M anufacturing ________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___________________
26
1.08

1
2
2
4
5

-

5
5

9
-

-

-

39
-

58
15

56
5

9

"

39

43

51

4
22

-

2

1

2
“

1
"

7
5
2
"

43

_

.

-

43
9

153
28
125
“

“

"

“

“

_

_

5
5

-

•
•

2
2

-

5
3
2

17

2

17

“

1

2

1

2

2

5

2

26

2
“

5
"

2
”

26
“

“

“

41
3
38

“

2
2

21
2
19

_

_

_

11
4

15
11

9

7

4

35
25
10
“

20
10
10
”

15
11
4
"

38
34
4
“

57
57

41
12
29

11
11

55
32
23

6
4
2

11
3
8

45
_
45

10
2
8

19
19

33
27
6

30
20
10

2
1

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs excep t w here otherw ise indicated.
E xclu des prem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
A ll w o rk e rs w e re at $ 0 .4 0 to $ 0. 50.
T ra n sp orta tio n , com m u n ication , and other public u tilities.
Includes a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s ize and type o f truck operated.




2

35
26

26

_
-

5
5

3

_

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

4

16

8

88

_
"

4
“

~

8
8

88
84

“

"

“

~

4
4

24
24

_

_

_

4
4

1

-

1

-

6

1

62

4

6
“

1
“

62
62

4
4

81
81

"

-

_

_

3
3

_

-

-

-

_

-

_




Appendix A: Changes in O ccupational D escriptions

stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.

Since the Bureau’ s last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year’ s bulletin.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

11




Appendix B: Occupational D escriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type o f machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)—
Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B—
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)—
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry o f figures on customers* ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

13

14

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G —C o n tin u e d

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
Class B—
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g.., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.



CLE RK , ORDER

Receives customers9orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file o f orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

15

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R

Class A-Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B—
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and



S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See tran scribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge o f general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

16

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part o f this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision o f the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
die procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.



TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f complicated statistical
tables, to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B—
Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

17

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types o f drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use o f drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength o f materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to die ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicant^
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
Counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




18

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties o f lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts o f mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety o f ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds o f machining; knowledge of the working

19

M A C H IN IST, M A IN T E N A N C E —C on tin u ed

M ILLW R IG H T

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source o f trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sendingof the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for die production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience'. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.



OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces o f mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience*

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

20

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
tepairing building sanitation or beating systems are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types o f sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.




21

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection o f appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Ship­
ping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers9 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform dther related duties.

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




22

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light {under l l2 tons)
/
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

* U .S . GOVERNMENT PRINTING O F F IC E : 1962 0 — 648167


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102