View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

■
*>»V • / ? " ;

Occupational Wage Survey

PHOENIX, ARIZONA
MARCH 1962

1303-54

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STA TISTIC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
PHOENIX, ARIZONA




MARCH 1962

Bulletin No. 1303-54
June 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
E w a n C la g u e , C o m m issio n e r

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C.

-

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics annually conducts
occupational wage surveys in 82 labor markets.
The
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits. A preliminary report furnishing
trend data and average earnings is released within a month
of the completion of each study. This bulletin provides
additional data not included in the preliminary report.

In trod u ction _________________________________________________________________
W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p s __________________________
T able s :
1.
2.

Two bulletins, bringing together the results of all
of the area surveys, are issued after completion of the
final area bulletin in the current round of surveys.
The
first of these bulletins w ill be available late in 1962 and
the other early in 1963. During the survey year, summary
releases presenting areawide occupational earnings data
for 25 to 30 labor m arkets, are issued as data become
available.

A:

This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau*s r e ­
gional office in San F ran cisco, Calif. , by Robert L. O rr,
under the direction of W illiam P. O* Connor. The study
was under the general direction of John L. Dana, Assistant
Regional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.

B:




1
4

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in sc o p e o f s u r v e y ____________
P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and
s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u r ly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d
o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p s _______________________________________________

3

3

O ccu p a tion a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e o c cu p a tio n s— en and w om en _______________________
m
A -2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s— en
m
and w om en __________________________________________________
A - 3. O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l
o c cu p a tio n s— en and w om en co m b in e d ___________________
m
A -4 . M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t occu p a tio n s _________________
A - 5. C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t occu p a tio n s ___________

8
9
10

E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s :*
B - l . Shift d iffe r e n tia ls ____________________________________________
B -2 . M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s __
B -3 . S ch edu led w e e k ly h ou rs _____________________________________
B -4 . P a id h olid a y s ________________________________________________
B -5 . P a id v a ca tion s _______________________________________________
B -6 . H ealth, in su r a n ce , and p e n sio n plans ____________________

11
12
13
14
15
17

5
7

A ppendixe s :
A.
B.

Changes in o c cu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s _____________________________
O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip tio n s __________________________________________

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available in previous
area reports for Phoenix and for other major areas.
A
directory indicating the areas, dates of study, and prices
of these reports is available upon request.
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels,
are also available for seven selected building trades in the
Phoenix area.

iii

19
21




Occupational Wage Survey—Phoenix, Ariz.

Introduction

to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-tim e salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U .S . De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics has conducted su r­
veys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an area­
wide b a sis.
In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of
Bureau field economists to representative establishments within six
broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communica­
tion, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance,
insurance, and real estate; and services.
Major industry groups
excluded from these studies are government operations and the con­
struction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because they
tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to
warrant inclusion.
Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
form ed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv ­
ice or m erit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this
b a sis.
Longer average service of men would result in higher average
pay when both sexes are employed within the same rate range.
Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
pe rform ed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of sm all establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estim ates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as r e ­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex ­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estim ates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in occu­
pational structure do not m aterially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational c la s ­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job .
(See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data
are presented (in the A -s e r ie s tables) for the following types of occu­
pations: (a) Office clerica l; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

Establishment P ractices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -s e r ie s tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they relate to
office and plant w orkers.
The concept "office w o r k e r s ," as used
in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory
workers performing clerical or related functions, and excludes admin­
istrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant w orkers" in­
clude working forem en and all nonsupervisory workers ^including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Administrative,
executive, and professional em ployees, and force-account construction
employees who are utilized as a separate work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and route men are excluded in manufacturing indus­
tries, but are included as plantworkers in nonmanufacturing industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w orkers, i . e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but c o s t -o fliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is




1

2

Shift differential data (table B - l ) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment p o lic y ,1 presented in term s of total plant worker em ploy­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented in term s of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used o r, if no amount applied to a m ajority, the c la s ­
sification "o th e r " was used.
In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance salaries (table B - 2 ) relate only to the
establishments visited.
They are presented in term s of establish­
ments with form al minimum salary .policies.
The scheduled hours (table B -3 ) of a m ajority of the fir s t shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to all of
the plant or office workers of that establishment.
Paid holidays; paid
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B -4 through
B - 6) are treated statistically on the basis that these are applicable
to all plant or office workers if a m ajority of such workers are e li­
gible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed.
Sums of
individual item s in tables B -3 through B -6 may not equal totals be­
cause of rounding.
The fir st part of the paid holidays table (table B -4 ) presents
the number of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second
part combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e.
The summary of vacation plans (table B - 5 ) is limited to fo r ­
mal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off with
pay is granted at the discretion of the em ployer. Separate estimates
are provided according to employer practice in computing vacation
payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or
fla t-su m amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay, pay­
ments not on a time basis were so converted; for exahiple, a payment
of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of
1 week's pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension plans
(table B- 6) for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ­
ployer, excepting only legal requirements such as workmen's compen­
sation, social security, and railroad retirem ent. Such plans include
those underwritten by a com m ercial insurance company and those p ro ­
vided through a union fund or paid directly by the employer out of
current operating funds or from a fund set aside for this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is lim ited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes.
However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to form al plans 3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w orker's pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, som etim es referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, m edical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com m er­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-in sured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
w orker's life.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a form al plan if
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
of the survey, or (2) had form al provisions covering late shifts.
were excluded.




-3

Table 1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Phoenix, A r iz ., 1 by major industry division, 2 March 1962

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

A ll divisions

Within
scope of
study 3

Within scope of study

Studied

Studied
Total 4

Office

Plant

Total4

50

108

68, 000

11, 600

4 2 ,7 0 0

43, 160

90
251

36
72

29, 100
38,900

3,600
8, 000

17, 800
24, 900

22, 030
21, 130

50
50
50
50
50

_________________ _____ __

Transportation, communication, and other
______________
public utilities 5 ________________________
W holesale trade ____________________________
___________
Retail trade ___ *________ ____ .. _______ _________________
Finance, insurance, and real estate ____________________
S e rv ic e s7 ____________ ______ ___ __________________ ___

341

50
50

__________________________________________________

Manufacturing __ ________________

Workers in establishments

Number of establishments

33
34
106
25
53

16
7
26
12
11

8,
2,
17,
4,
5,

1, 900

600
600
000
900
800

0

( )
( )
(6 )

4, 500
(*)
(?)
(?)
(6)

7, 310
620
7, 730
4, 010
1,460

1 The Phoenix Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area consists of Maricopa County.
The "w orkers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate descrip­
tion of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey.
The estim ates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other area employment indexes to
m easure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small
establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division. Major changes from the earlier edition (used in the
Bureau's labor market wage surveys conducted prior to July 1958) are the transfer of m ilk pasteurization plants and ready-m ixed concrete establishments from trade (wholesale or retail) to
manufacturing, and the transfer of radio and television broadcasting from
services to the transportation, communication, and other public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the
m inim um -size limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair
service, and m otion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded. Several electric utilities (supplying less than half the electric consumption in Maricopa County) were publicly
operated and excluded by definition from the scope of the study.
6 This industry division is represented in estimates for "a l l industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A and B tables. Separate presentation of data for this division is not made
for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not designed initially to permit sepa­
rate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 H otels; personal service s; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m embership organizations; and engineering and architectural services.




Table 2.

Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for
selected occupational groups in Phoenix, A r iz ., March 1961 to March 1962,
and April I960 to M arch 1961
Percent increases from —

Industry and occupational group

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and women)
„ _____ __ ______
Industrial nurses (men and women) _________________
Skilled maintenance (men)
__ _ _____ — ________
Unskilled plant (men) _______________________ ____ __
Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and women) ____________________
Industrial nurses (men and women)
_____ _______
Skilled maintenance (men) ___________________________
Unskilled plant (men) ______________________ _________
Insufficient data to meet publication criteria.

March 1961
to
March 1962

April I960
to
March 1961

3.8
4.7
5.3
4.2

2.6
(l )
2.8
4.4

1.9
5.2

1.9

(M

(*)
3.0

2.9

(M

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percents of change in salaries of
office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average earnings
of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
cents of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-tim e
salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in straight-tim e hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
The p er­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The of­
fice clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and g irls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B.
The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e ­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die m akers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations.
The average sa l­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average em ploy­
ment in the job during the period surveyed in 1961.
These weighted
earnings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an ag­
gregate for each occupational group.
Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for the one year to the aggregate for the other year was
computed and the difference between the result and 100 is the percent
of change from the one period to the other.

The percent of change m easures, principally, the effects of
(1) general salary and wage changes; (2) m e rit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers
employed by establishments with different pay lev els.
Changes in the
labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect.
The movement of a Jiigh-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
occurred in other area establishments.

The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime,
since they are based on pay for straight-tim e hours.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new trend
series.
The expansion of the labor market wage survey program in 1961 made
data available in 82 areas for the computation of wage trends for selected job
groupings.
Sixty-one areas were surveyed in I960; prior to I960, coverage was
limited to 20 areas.
Therefore, it was decided to compute a new trend series in
which 1961 will be the base year since this is the first year in which data were
collected in all 82 areas.
The percents of change shown in table 2 are not comparable with sim ilar
data shown for this area in last y e a r's Bulletin 1285-55.
The new series intro­
duces changes in the job groupings for which trends are shown and changes in
jobs included in the computations.




5

A: Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly h oars and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b asis
by industry d iv ision , P hoenix, A r i z . , M arch 1962)
Avebaoe
Num
ber
of
workers

Sex, occu pa tion , and industry div ision

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OP

$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
s
W
eekly.
W
eekly .
50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00
hours
earnings 40.0,0 45.00
(Standard) (Standard) under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00
1
I
|
i

Men

|
1
1
!
!
4 !
;
4 !
1 1
|
8 ! •

!
C le rk s , accoun ting, cla s s A __ ___ ___
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

76
51
25

40.5
40.5
41.0

$104.00
109.00
93.00

-

_

_

"

-

-

_

_

_

_

C le rk s , accoun ting, cla s s B ________ ____

33

41.0

78.50

C le rk s , o r d e r ___________________________
M anufacturing ________________________

60
27
33

40.0
40.0
40.0

95.50
104.00
88.50

O ffice b oys

_ _ _

_

_

_

__ _ _

_

T abulatin g-m ach in e opera tors,
cla s s B _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_

26

_ _

_

_

_

_

_

40.0

_ 25 _
_

_ 40.0
_ _

-

_ 88.50 _
_ _

-

-

-

_

-_

3
_

_

_

1
1

I

_

;

i

14 !

5

-

4

2 I
1

3 1
2 i
1 !

.
-

i
6
i
5

_

2
i
;

21 !
!
3 !
! i 18

_- _

_

_

2

_

1 ;

-

-

-

9

2

4

-

8

! 1

7 !
7 i
- 1

W om en
_ 33_

B ookk eepin g-m ach in e o p era tors,
c la s s A
__ __ ____
__________ ____
N onm anufacturing ____________________

55
35

B ookk eepin g-m ach in e opera tors,
c la s s B _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
M a n u f a c t u r in g ....................
N onm annfactnring
. .

36
_

40.0 ! 62.00
_ _
_ _ _
40.0 _ j _ 62.50 _
40.0
40.0

!

_ 306 _
_

_ 40.5
_ _

32
274

40.0
40.5

1

_ 177 _
_

_ 40.0
_ _

:

55
122

40.0
40.0

C le rk s , accoun ting, cla s s B
_
M anufacturing
....... .
N onm annfactnring
.. _ ... . . .

452
119
333

40.5
40.0
40.5

!

C le rk s , file , cla s s B 2 __________________
Nonm anufacturing

131
104

40.0
40.0

!

41
41

C le rk s , o rd e r ___________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
C lerk s , p a y roll __________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ____________________

_

_

_

C le r k s , accoun ting, cla ss A _ _ _ _ _ _
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

___________

_

_

84.50
81.00

_

!

1

-

_ 8 _
_

77.50
60.50

8

!

87.00
94.00
83.50

_
22
22

i

58.00
53.50

2
2

39.0
39.0

!
;

53.50
53.50

73
31
42

40.0
40.0
40.0

i
i
!

66.50
77.50
58.50

91
38
53

40.0
40.0
40.0

,

75.50
77.00
74.50

i

j

69.00
74.00
67.50

_ 31 _
_

-

1

_

1

-

7
6

3
3

!

!

.

_

!
!
|

2

45
45

2

21
3
| 18
i

2

_
5
2
3

2 i
2^!

7

30
5
25

i
! 56 I 63
! 11 ! n
| 45 ; so

100
21
79

47
14
33

54
27
27

38
13
25
4

1

;

!
!

-

15

.
-

7 '
3
4 i

18 !
7 1
n

j

5
5

i
!

6

8

12

3

1

_ |

. 1

3

-,

-

'

-

2
2

i

i

3
•

3

2 :1

_

1

"

2
2

13 !
j

19
4

14
6
8

5

|
_ | !

i
-

4 !
3

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

.

.

_

.

15
4
11

2
2

6
6

4
4

.
-

_
.

.
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
7
r i ------- Z
6
2

3
3

.

_

_

.

.

4

4

10
5
5

1

:
1.

4

i.

21
9
12

1

1
1

28
i 27
s

is

-

i

13 !
12 |

|

5
4
1

9
3

1
1

i

2 i

14

21

,

6

_ _ 14

I_

3 i
3

6 !

1
1
i
!

_ z_
-

j

2
2

-

2 !
2 :
"

_

1

_

"
_

_ '

■
- 8|

1 1

1

:

12
1
11

;

16 !
1

.

.

_

5

i

;

41
3
38

49

16
16

1

-

64
6
| 58

49

•

49

-

.

4
4

3
3

i

_ 49 _ ' _
_

31

!
S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .

j
I
13 |
10 !

14
14
-

'

_ 62.50 _
_ _

_

4
4

5
5

i

1

-

1
U 1
11
3

_

!

B ille r s , m achin e (billing m achine) _ _ _ _ _
N onm anufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_____

2 i!
,
2 ;

6

i

C le rk s , file , cla s s C 2
Nonm anufactnring

7
7

6

1 1
i
2
1- - - - - ji- - - - - - - -

-

j

6 !
4 |

;

>3
!
7 i
6 !

1

16

_- _

3

8
8

1

_

-

3
i

57.50
_

-

1

-

-

-

.
-

!
_ 1
—1

i3

!

|

!

:

7

4
3

7

7

10

3

1

6

2
5

3

2

i

|

-

i

!

_
■

;_

!

|

I

|
!

2
-

I

32
14 1
18

18
19
6 ------- 5~ —
13
13

2

6 J
21

3
3

18
18

6

5

.

2

3
2

|

6

:

|

|

7

.
-

2
2

.
-

.
-

_
-

3
3

4
4

5
5

1
1

_

_

.

_
_

_
_

7
4
3

11

7
4
3

5

11

9
4

2
1
1

_
-

.
_

_

6
5

3
3

.

3

_

2

4
7
i

5

_

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A verage stra ig h t-tim e w eekly h oars and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b asis
by industry d iv ision , P hoenix, A r iz ., M arch 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Avebage
Sex, occu p a tio , and industry div ision

Num
ber
k rs

$
$
$
$
W
eekly.
W
eekly . 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 *60.00
hours1 earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00

65.00

$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 1 0 0.0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 125.00 130.00

70.00

75.00

80.00

95.00 100.00 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 l 2 0 . no 126.00 130.00 1 36.00

85.00

90.00

2
2

7
4
3

1

.
"

.
-

"

5
5
"

W om en— Continued
C om p tom eter op e r a to r s -------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing -------------------------------

112

57
55

40.0
40.0
40.0

$70.00
72.00
67.50

K eypunch o p e r a to r s, c la s s A 2 __________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ____________________

67
41
26

40.0
40.0
40.0

80.50

Keypunch o p e r a to r s, cla s s B 2 _______
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ____________________

85
38
47

39.5
40.0
39.5

67.50
73.00
63.00

8 8 .0 0

68.50

"
.
*

*

.
"

2

.
-

.
-

_
'

2

-

10
2
8

23

i
13 :

■

43
16
27

11
12

;
11 !
2

.
•

6

14

-

6
8

11
1
10

8
6
2

3
3

4
4

9
9

2
2

2
2

6

13

8

11

4
4

7
4

6
6

4

10

3
3

.
-

.
-

6
6

27
-

6
21

13
13

3

"

2
2

1

.
"

■

"

-

-

8
8

_
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

- i

-

-

-

7
4
3
3

3
3
“

1
2 i
2

i

!
S e cr e ta r ie s „ ____ — _________ ______
M anufacturing
____ „ ______
Nonm anufacturing ________ . __ —
P u blic u t ilit ie s 3 ___________________

639
263“
376
50

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

85.00
91.50
80.00
93.50

S tenographers, g e n e r a l 2 ________________
M anufacturing _____________________ __
Nonm anufacturing __________ ________

308
105
203

40.0
40.0
40.0

73.50
77.00
71.50

S tenographers, s e n io r 2 __________________
M anufacturing ___________ _____________
Nonm anufacturing ______ __ __ _ —

280
195
85

40.0
40.0
40.0

Sw itchboard o p era tors ___________________
M anufacturing . ------ —
Nonm anufacturing ________________ ___

137
27

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -re c e p tio n is ts ____
M anufacturing
______ _ _____ ____
Nonm anufacturing ____________________

121

1

17

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

17

37
7
30

10

22

55
4
51
■

56
20

36
"

15
7

2

3

3
3

_
■ !

.
-

8

.
"

.
■

14

5
2

4
4

2

4
3

.
-

5

1

.
"

5
5
"

.
“

.
■

.
-

3

7
4
3

7

1

13

-

.
-

3
3
‘

5
5

j
-

2
1
1

4
4

.
-

.
-

-

_

-

-

-

“

.
"

-

“

15
9

22

13

10

2

■

4
"

2
2

.

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

29
26
3

23
18
5

13
12
1

10
10

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

>

16
3
13

14
1

2

13

17

61.00
62.50
60.00

.
-

17
3
14

26
3
23

20

30

7
13

12

10
6

3

37
84

41.5
40.0
42.0

18

4

T y p is ts, cla s s A ____________ _____ __
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________

136
75

40.0
40.5

71.00
65.00

.

6
6

13
13

32
29

19

"

T yp ists, c la s s B _____ ____ ________ „
M anufacturing ---- ---- ------ --------- ----------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________

351
132
219

40.0
40.0
40.0

62.00
71.00
56.50

56
3
53

53

88

1

31
57

39
28

2

52

19

10

11

2
1

20

50

45
18
27

11

4
7

1

8

3
5
5

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

Standard hours re fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em p loy ees re c e iv e th eir reg u lar stra ig h t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly hours,
D escr ip tio n fo r this jo b has been re v is e d sin ce the la st su rvey in this a rea . See appendix A.
T ra n sportation , com m unication, and other public u tilities.




"

30
17
13

42
42

39

-

33
24
9

.
"

37

1

3

44
28
16

62.00
81.00
57.50

-

37
33
4

69
56
13

41.5
40.0
41.5

110

2
1
1

2

18
10
8
6

46
37
9

2

-

5
5

42
28
14

25
16
9

-

2

45
26
19
7

8
8

-

■

70

6

70
36
34
5

49
19
30

80.50
79.50
83.00

-

22

72
40
32

29
4
25

-

-

93
29
64
13

55
29
26

"

10

83
25
58
5

-

-

Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Phoenix, Ariz. , March 1962)
Average
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

$
S
|
$
$
$
$
$
$
£
$
$
$
$
$
S
S
$
is
$
$
$
Weekly , 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 170.00 175.00 180.00

Weekly.
hours 1 earnings 1 and
2
(Standard) (Standard) u n d er

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

-

;

and

80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.001120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 170.00 175.00*180.00! o v e r

M en
1

-------- __ __ __ -----------

31

40 .0

D r a ft s m e n , s e n i o r __ __ — — __ __ ---M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------------

193
189

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

122.00
121.50

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

3

3

5

5

3

2

2

_

_

_

"

1
1

8
8

7
7

11
11

11
11

7
7

35
34

37
37

29
29

18
17

10
9

5
5

6
5

3
3

“

4
4

1

9
6

1
1 10
1 4

10
7

9
6

10
7

4
4

8
6

8
8

2
2

4
4

3
3

5
5

1

3
3

2

3
3

$145. 00

D r a ft s m e n , le a d e r

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r ------------ __ ___________
M a n u fa ctu r in g -------------------------------------

75
54

40 .0
4 0.0

97. 50
99. 50

"
5
4

i

!

W om en

N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d )
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______
__

_ _______
__ ___

28
25

40. 0
40. 0

100.00
100.50

22
2

1

i
j

4
3

1

|

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Includes 1 worker at $ 65 to $ 70.




1

3

3

“

“

“

j

8
Table A-3.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined

(Average straight-time weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Phoenix, Ariz., March 1962)

Occupation and industry division

N m er
u b
of

A g
vera e
w e ly j
ek
e rn g
a in s
(S n a )
ta d rd

'

g

85.50
82.00

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B ------------Manufacturing
_
__________________ _
_
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________

332
32
300

63.00
77.5b
61.50

Clerks, accounting, class A

253

Nonmanufacturing_-1________________________ ,„

147

92.00
101.00
85.50

Clerks, accounting, class B ----------------------------------

485
130
355

69.50
74.50
68.00

133
104

58.50
53.50

_________

Nonmanufacturing ________________________________
Clerks, file, class B 2 _______ _____________ ______
Nonmanufacturing -------- ---------------------- ----------Clerks, file, class C 2 _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________

Nonmanufflcturipg

_______ ________ _____ _
.....

Occupation and industry division

_

__________________ _______
Clerks, payroll
Msnuff1
2
...... . .
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________

53.50
53.50

Office occupations— Continued

------------ ------- ------- —

121
37
84

$61.00
62.50
60.00

Keypunch operators, class A 2 __ ____ ___________
Manufacturing ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________ __________________ _

67
41
26

80.50
88.00
68.50

Tabulating-machine operators, class A ____________

32

101.50

Tabulating-machine operators, class B ____________

27

88.50

Keypunch operators, class B 2 -------------------------------Manufacturing
----------------- ---------------------- ------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------

89
38
51

68.00
73.00
64.50

Typists, class A ______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________

136
75

71.00
65.00

Office boys and girls __

- ______________________ —
. ..
_

30
27

57.00
56.00

Secretaries ___ ____ ____________
__ ________ M anufacturing---- --- ------- -------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------- ---------------------- -----------Pub lie utilities 3 ______________________________

639
263
376
50

85.00
91.50
80.00
93.50

Typists, class B ____ _______________ ____ _________
Manufacturing ----------------- -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _________________________________

351
132
219

62.00
71.00
56.50

Stenographers, general2
_____________________ —
Manufacturing ________________ ______________ —
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________

308
105
203

73.50
77.00
71.50

Draftsmen, leader ------------------------------------------------------

31

145.00

Draftsmen, senior ___________________________________
Manufacturing
__ -------------------------------------------------

194
190

121.50
121.50

Draftsmen, junior ------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing _____________________________________

75
54

97.50
99.50

Nurses, industrial (registered) _____________________
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------

28
25

100.00
100.50

133
58
75

79.50
90.00
71.50

Stenographers, senior2 ____________________ _
Manufacturing_____ __ -------------------------------- —
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________

280
195
85

80.50
79.50
83.00

95
41
54

75.50
76.00
75.00

Switchboard operators ____ — ____

137
27
110

62.00
81.00
57.50

________ ___

Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------

Professional and technical occupations

__________________________________________________________ i
1 Earnings are for a regular workweek for which employees receive their straight-time weekly salaries, exclusive of any premium pay.
2 Description for this job has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




A
verage
w e ly j
ek
e rn g
a in s
(S n a )
ta d rd

Switchboard operator-receptionists -------------------------Manufacturing ----- ----- ----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _________________________________

-

41
41

Nm
u ber
of
w rk
o ers

$70.00
72.00
67.50

Nonmanufacturing -------62
39

Clerks, order

w e ly j
ek
e rn g
a in s
(S n a )
ta d rd

112
57
55

$64.00
38
35 "" ....54.50"

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A ------------Nonmanuf Acturing
_ ______ ______ ___ —____

_

N m er
u b
of

Office occupations— Continued

Office occupations

Nonmanufac

Occupation and industry division

9
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Phoenix, A riz., March 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNING8 OF—

Occupation and industry division

Nm
u ber
of
w rk
o ers

$
A g
vera e
1.80
h u . $1.70
o rly
ea in s1 and
rn g
under
1.90
1.80

*1.90

$
2.00

^.10

$
2.20

*2.30

*2.40

*2.50

$
2.60

$
2.70

*2.80

$
2.90

*3.00

*3.10

*3.20

*3.30

*3.40

*3.50

*3.60

*3.70

*3.80

2.00

2.10

2.20

2.30

2.40

2.50

2.60

2.70

2.80

2.90

3.00

3.10

3.20

3.30

3.40

3.50

3.60

3.70

3.80

3.90

2
1

6
6

8
7

2
“

2
1

"

■

■

1
1

.

3
3

1
1

.

.

.

_

“

■

"

2
"

_

“

.
-

7
7

_
•

2
2

!
1

2
2

16
16

2
2

1
1

!
“

2
1

5
2

11
~

18
~

4
4

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

“

■

■

“

~

"

“

"

_

_

_

_

_

_

Carpenters, maintenance ____ _______________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________

39
26

$2.91
2.89

----_ _
Electricians, maintenance _ ----Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------

140
92

3.32
3.27

_

Engineers, station ary__ __ __ __ __________
Manufacturing __ _ _ _________ _ _________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________

103
52
51

2.88
3.02
2.73

.
■

.
-

Helpers, maintenance trades __________________
Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------

68
25

2.11
1.99

23
14

Machine-tool operators, toolroom ____________
M anufacturing------------------------------------------------

28
28

3.06
3.06

_

"

~

“

“

2
■

5
~

-

“

6
6

-

4
4

"

“

5
5

5
5

3
3

15
12

2
2

27
27

73
30

"

-

-

4
4

23
21
2

.
-

8
8

7
7
"

16
16
-

3
3

8
8
-

8
_
8

_
-

_
"

_
-

-

9
9

_

.
"

10
10

6
6

.

“

3
3

_

'

-

“

"

-

"

5

_

_

_

_

_

4

8

11

52

48

.

.

-

Machinists, maintenance _______________________

128

3.34

_

Mechanics, automotive (maintenance) _________
Manufacturing _
___ ___ ___ __ ________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
Public utilities 23 _________________________

142
36
106
90

2.89
2.86
2.89
2.96

“

6
6
'

-

4
4
"

3
3
3

1
1
’

16
4
12
12

"

2
2
*
*

1
1
1

7
4
3
3

31
5
26
17

3
3
3

2
2
“

24
4
20
20

32
1
31
31

-

5
5
-

4
4
“

_
-

Mechanics, maintenance _______________________

153

3.16

_

.

.

.

1

3

5

_

12

_

3

8

5

j

9

3

99

.

3

1

Oilers
Manufacturing _______________________________

50
50

2.19
2.19

3 16
16

j
■

~

1

6
6

4
4

6
6

~

7
7

Painters, maintenance _________________________

26

3.09

_

.

.

1

_

.

4

.

1

2

7

7

Tool and die makers ____________________________

102
102

3.28
3.28

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes 7 workers at $1.40 to $1.50.




1

l

10
10
.

7
7

1
1

9
9

9
9

9
9

5
5

4
17
17

x

1

34
34

_

9
9

-

1
-

_
_
-

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Phoenix, Ariz., March 1962)
NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccu p a tion 1 and in dustry d iv ision
3
2

Guards
M anufacturing
__ ___________ ___ _
Nonmanufacturing _____ „ __ _____

Num
ber
of
workers

$
$
$
$
$
§
$
Average *0.90 $
1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70
hourly ,
and
earnings
under
1.00 1.10 1.2 0 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80

107
81

2

1

-

-

-

1

2

4
4

2

-

2

2

1

4

24
24

82
82

72

51
7
44
4

51
18
33

26

45
19

71

20

26

2

$ 2 .2 9
2.48
1.71

-

1.56

26

11

-

5

1.80
1.90

2
1
1

2
2

38
13
25

44
30
14
13

-

s
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
§
$
$
1.90 2.00 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2 .9 0 3.00 3.10
2 .0 0

6

3
3

*

37
31

40
~T3
7
3

2.2 0

2.30

2.40

2.50

2.60

2.70

2.80

5

2.10

3
3
"

17
17
-

7
7

22
1?

4
4

3

-

19
19
-

3
3
“

-

_
' -

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

1

4

J an itors, p o r te rs , and cle a n e rs
M anufacturing
------- — ------- -------Nonmanufacturing _________ — . —

573
' 207 '
366
36

—

r w

-

1

47

8

2

-

7

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

6

103

20
11

46
30

227
29

.

2

9

5

16

198

-

-

-

-

69
69

-

.

200

93
34
59
-

_

14

18
15
3
3

.

101
2

15
13

6

107
45
62

227
27

-

35
5
30

81

-

61
21

ii

-

20
6

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

-

1
1

3
-

6
6

2
1

29
28

30
29

3
-

_

-

1
1

_

-

11
1

10

-

2
2

_

3
3

_

_

3
i

11
11

5
5

7
7

9
9

4
4

_

_

_

_

-

50
50

_

-

7
4

_

-

5
3

~

-

_

_

_

_

3
3

6

_

7

8

11
11

4
4

8

2
2

_

2

_

9
4
5

11

2

1

5

2.37
2.40

_

_

-

“

P a c k e rs , shipping _______________________
— ------- -----M anufacturing ___

104
9?

2.18

_

R eceiv in g cle r k s _ __ ____
_________
M anufacturing
— ------- ------------------

59

2 .0 0

r

-

-

-

~

4
-

~

-

1

T r u c k d r iv e r s 4 ____________ _____ „ __
M anufacturing
__________________ —
Nonmanufacturing _________ _________
P n K lir ii+i lifio e ^

1, 136
324
812
357

2.29
2.19
2.33
2.63

_

_

.

15

12

22

47

132

70

100

-

-

-

-

-

47

112
20

8

12

19
3

-

15

10
8
2

4
96
28

202

1.83

97
105

1 .9 2

543
432
232

2.30
2.43
2.60

-

-

163
143
59

2.36
2.30
2.71

-

-

T ru c k e rs , pow er (fork lift) _________________
M anufacturing ______________________________

142
104

2.18
2.27

W a tch m e n ________________________________
M anufacturing ________________________

55

1.56
1.80
1.34

1
2
3
4

2 .1 0

-

-

40

6

2.67

2 .2 2

— n

_

-

-

-

12

10

-

-

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

33
r ii”

-

11

-

2
2

-

9
9

28
28

2

-

4

-

30
24

6
6

68
6

12
-

2

6

-

62

12

-

42

84

2

2

?2

-

---- Z

-

32
28
28

-

-

-

14
l4

-

-

56
56

2
2
2

1
1
1

6

it

-

3

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

4
4

~

-

-

-

155
3
152

62
5
57

303

21

97

3

4

10

7
14
14

8t

-

15
15

1
2
2

10
10

4

-

-

-

-

-

6
-

-

2
2

_
-

15
15
15

3

-

10

2

293
293

3

-

-

-

-

6

.

_

14

9

-

-

-

-

6

3
3

~

— T"

-

2
2

1
1

154
TO”

-

2
2

-

3

4
20
20

-

-

14

62

-

-

19
19

10

1.74

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




_
-

13

98
72

29

_
-

.

O rd er fi ll e r s
__________________ _____
N onmanufacturing _________ — _____

26

-

11

1.34
2.04
1.92

N m im a n n fa r h i r i n g

l

-

.

96

P iib lir u t i l i t i e s '3

21
~ T o ~

3.20

-

2

6

1, 070
355
715
72

T ru c k d r iv e rs , heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
t r a ile r type) _ „ ____ _____ „ __
N onmanufacturing ____________________

-

1
1

3.10

11

L a b o re r s , m a teria l h a n d lin g ___________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onmanufacturing ___________________
P u blic u tilities 3 __________________

T ru c k d r iv e rs , m edium (1 1/z to and
including 4 tons) __
. __ _____ _
N onmanufacturing ________________
Pnhlir u tilities *

8
8

3.00

1.36
1.55

J an itors, p o r t e r s , and cle a n e rs
( w o m e n ) _______________________________

T ru c k d r iv e rs , light (under
11/ j t o n s ) _______________ ______ ___ ___
M anufacturing ____________________
N onmanufacturing ________________

4
19
“ r i “ T 8”
i
1
i

2 .9 0

1
1

5
5

48
16

6
6

28
28

-

3
3

_

3

12
12

_

1

_

1

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

17
14

_

-

T~

6

-

2

—

-

-

3

1

1

-

-

-

198
15
T 88“ T O *
14
188

39
39
39

-

44
44

-

4
4

-

t

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant workers by type and amount of differential,
Phoenix, A r iz. , M arch 1962)
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
In establishments having form al
provisions 1 for—

Shift differential

Second shift
work

Third or other
shift work

___________________

8 6 .6

7 3 .8

With shift pay differential ______________________

8 1 .3

Total ___ __________ ______

Actually working on—

Second shift

Third or other
shift

17.7

5 .0

7 3 .8

1 6.6

5 .0

_____ _____

5 9 .3

3 4 .9

1 2.4

3 .4

cents ___________ ___________ _________
cents __ ____ ____________ ________ ______
cents _________ __ __
----------------cents
l x!t cents _________________________________
8 r.ents __
10 cents _____________________ __ ________
12 cents ______ __________________ __ __
____________
15 cents ________ __ _
18 cents ___________________________________
25 cents -----------------------------------------------------

3 .2
11.4
7. 2
9 .5
7 .0
9 .8
11. 2

1.4
2 .3
1 .8
1. 6
3 .8
9 .2
13. 1
1. 1
.7

.7
1. 2
1. 1
2 .9
1 .7
2 .0
2 .9
" '

.4
.1
.3
.3
2 .4
-

9 .8

9 .8

1. 6

-

9 .8

9 .8

1. 6

-

Full day's pay for reduced hours plus
cents differential ____________ ____________

-

16.0

-

1. 3

Other form al pay differential2 ____________

1 2.2

1 3.2

2 .6

.3

No shift pay differential ------------------------------------

5 .3

Uniform cents (per hour) _____
4
5
6
7

Uniform percentage ______________
10 percent ___________________

_________
______

__

1 .0

1 Includes establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments with form al provisions covering late shifts
even though they were not currently operating late shifts.
2 The prim ary plan provides second shift workers with a paid lunch period not given first shift w orkers, plus a percentage
differential.
Third shift workers receive the paid lunch period not given first shift w orkers, a percentage differential and a
full day's pay for reduced hours. The other plans provide for full day's pay for reduced hours, or a full day's pay for reduced
hours plus a percentage differential.

11

12

Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w orkers, Phoenix, A r iz . , March 1962)
Inexperienced typists
Manufac tur ing
Minimum weekly salary 1

A ll
industries

Other inexperienced clerical workers 2

Based on standard weekly h ours2 of—
‘
A ll
schedules

40

A ll
schedules

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly h ours3 of—

A ll
industrie s

A ll
schedules

40

40

A ll
schedules

40

____________

108

36

XXX

72

XXX

108

36

XXX

72

XXX

Establishments having a specified minimum __ ------------- ---------

26

10

10

16

14

41

15

15

26

22

2
1
4
2
4
2
1
2
2
2
1
1
2

1
1
2
1

1
1
2
1

-

-

1
2
1
1

1
2
1

1
1
3
2
2
1
1
1
2
1
1

1
1
3
2
1
1
1
2
1
-

3
1
7
3
9
3
1
5
3
1
1
2
2

1
1
1
2
1
1
2
2
1
2

1
1
1
2
1
1
2
2
1
2
1

2
1
6
2
7
2
3
1
1

2
1
4
2
6
2
2
1
1
1

Establishments having no specified minimum __________________

19

10

XXX

9

XXX

22

11

XXX

11

XXX

Establishments which did not employ workers
in this category ________________________________________________

63

16

XXX

47

XXX

45

10

XXX

35

XXX

Establishments studied ___

$40.
$42.
$ 45.
$47.
$ 50.
$ 52.
$ 55.
$ 57.
$ 60.
$ 62.
$ 65.
$ 67.
$ 70.

00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
over

$ 4 2 . 50
$ 45. 00
$ 47. 50
$ 50. 00
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 57. 50
$ 60. 00
$ 62. 50
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 67. 50
$ 70. 00
_________

__ _____ __ __ ______

______________ _____________________
_______ _____ _____________________
_____________________________________
______________________________________
_ ___________________________________
_____________________________________
________________________________ ___
__________________ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_____ ___________________________
_
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
____________________________ _______
_____________________________________

_

1

1

1

-

1

Lowest salary rate form ally established for hiring inexperienced workers for typing or other clerical jobs.
Rates applicable to m essen gers, office g irls, or sim ilar subclerical jobs are not considered.
Hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e sa laries. Data are presented for all workweeks combined, and for the m ost common workweek reported.




13
Table B-3.

Scheduled W eekly Hours

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-sh ift w orkers, Phoenix, A r i z ., March 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Weekly hours
All industries1

A ll workers

__

__ __ __ __ ________

— _____

37 hours
37V2 hours __________ _____ __ ------------- --------40 hours ______ __ „ ________ ________________
Over 40 and under 44 hours ___________________
44 hours ______________ „ __ __ — ~ ------- —
Over 44 and under 48 hours ___________________
48 hours __________ __ _____ — ------------- --------50 hours __________ — _____
________________

1
2
3
4

100

Manufacturing

100

Public utilities1
2

100

All industries3

Manufacturing

100

100

4
70
2
6
2
15
2

4
87
3

100

1

4
89
1

3
1

2

(4)
98
2
-

-

99
(4)
-

Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L ess than 0. 5 percent.




Public utilities2

1

2
3

-

84
7
6
3

14
Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Phoenix, A r iz ., March 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Item
All industries 1

A ll workers

_____________________________________

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

10 0

100

98

100

100

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

80

92

97

20

8

3

5

3

1

2

-

4

3
3
-

W orkers in establishments providing
W orkers in establishments providing
no paid holidays __ ___________ ______________

2

~

N um ber of d a y s

, h o li d a y ________________________________________
holidays
holidays
holidays
holidays
holidays
6 holidays
6 holidays
2

3
4
4
5

_________________________________ ____
___ _____________________ ____ ___ ______
_______________________________________
plus 2 half days ________________ __
_______ __________________ _____________
_______________ ____ ____________ ___ __
plus 1 half day ____________ _______

7 h o l id a y s

. ..

7 holidays plus 1 half day _____________________
8 h o l id a y s

^ h o lid a y ,

_ _

----------------------------------------------------------

1

(4 )
1

(4)
4
47
1

26
1

17
1

(4 )
2

24
64
3
7
“

4
7
88
“

2
1

31
28
1

9
"

1

26
49
3
4

21
-

70
■

To ta l h o lid a y t im e 5

10d ays
8 or
7 l /z
7 or
6 V2
6 or
5 or
4 or
3 or
2 or
1 or

__________________________________________

1

m ore d a y s __ ___ ____ ___________ ____
or m ore days ______________________________
m ore days ____________ __________ _______
or m ore days ______________________________
m ore days ________________________ _______
m ore days _________________________________
m ore days _________________________________
m ore days ___________________________ ____
m ore days
__________________ ___ ______
m ore days __________ _____________________

18
18
45
46
92
97
97
98
98
98

7
10

74
74
98

88
88
96
96

10 0

100
100

100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100

9
10

38
38
70
73
73
73
78
80

4
7
56
56
82
87
87
89
92
92

70
70
91
91
94
94
94
94
97
97

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Less than 0.5 percent.
5 A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and
no half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions were then cumulated.




15
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Phoenix, A r iz ., M arch 1962)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Vacation policy
All in
dustries1

P
ublic u
tilities2

100

A ll workers

M
anufacturing

100

100

100
99
1
-

100
100
-

All in u
d stries 3

M
anufacturing

P blic utilities2
u

100

100

100

95
94
1
1
-

98
97
2
-

100
100
-

5

2

1
17
1
-

1
18
3
-

_
50
_

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations ____ ________ __________________
L ength-of-tim e payment ________________ ___
Percentage payment __ ___ _______ __ ________
F la t-su m p a y m e n t____________________________
Other
_ _____________ ____________ _____ tr.___
_
T
n
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations ____________ __ __ ______ __

99
99
(4)
(4)
(4)

A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 5
After 6 months of service
Under 1 week _____________________________________
1 week ______________
_ ------------------------- _ _
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _________________ _____
2 weeks -------------------------------------------------------------------

1
42
1
(4)

(4)
35
3
(4)

_
69
_

37
_
62
(4)

32
_
68
-

77
23
-

78
1
17
(4)

80
_
18
-

57
_
40
3

7
2
90
(4)

4
3
92
-

5
6
89
-

40
7
48
(4)

37
15
46
-

18
2
77
3

2
1
91
6

_
3
79
18

(4)

21
7
61
6

23
15
46
15

_
_
97
3

2
1
91
6

3
79
18

20
7
62
6

21
15
48
15

_
97
3

11
1
76
6
1

5
_
76
15
3

-

-

After 1 year of service
1 week
_ ____________________ __ ________ ___
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ____ ____ ___ ____ ___
2 weeks _________ ____________ _____________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _ _ ___ _ ___ __
After 2 years of service
1 moot
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _____________________
2 weeks _____ ___ ____________ _________ ________ ______
Ovftr 2 and under 3 weeks
______ _ ___
After 3 years of service
1 week _________________________ ____________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _______
2 w e e k s ____ __ ______ _______________ __ _______ _____
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _________________ .

99
-

After 4 years of service
1 week
__
______________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _______________________
2 weeks
_ _____ _ __
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _______________________

_

(4)
99
-

After 5 years of service
1 week ___ ___ _____ _
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _______________________
2 weeks ___ - _ __ ______
____________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 weeks _
__
_
_____
______

See footnotes at end of table.




2
_
89
7
2

_
_
78
18
4

(4)
99
_

_
97
3

16
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations— Continued

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Phoenix, A r iz ., March 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Vacation policy
All industries 1

Am ount of v a c a tio n p a y 5—

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

Continu ed

After 10 years of service

1week

____________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _______________________
2 weeks ___________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _______________________
3 weeks ____________________ ____ _____________________

2

-

50
2
46

46
4
50

2
49
2
47

_
-

(4 )
81
19

11
1
51
5
27

5

-

41
11
42

68
3
30

11
1
48
4
31

5
35
10
49

_
-

After 12 years of service
1 week ____________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _______________________
2 weeks _________________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _________________________
3 weeks _________________________________________________

43
3
54

(4)
78

22

56
3
41

After 15 years of service

1week

____________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _________________________
2 weeks ___________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _______________________
3 weeks ___________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks _______________________

5

_

_

22
78
-

7
92
-

1
1
1

23
(4 )
74
1

36
(4 )
47
-

23
70

16
3
81
-

2
23
(4 )
58
1
15

_
22
73
3
2

(4)
7
89
3

11
1
36
(4 )
44
3

5
23
67
4

_
16
3
64
17

2
23
(4 )
52

_
22
67

(4 )
7
71

11
1
36
(4)
35

5
23

_
16
3
40

-

4

21

6

2

_

_
-

(4)

After 20 years of service
1 week ____________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _______________________
2 weeks ___________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _______________________
3 weeks ___________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks _______________________
4 weeks ___________________________________________
After 25 years of service
1 week ____________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _______________________
2 weeks ___________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _______________________
3 weeks ___________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks _______________________
4 weeks ___________________________________________
Over 4 weeks ____________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
service

-

21

1

-

10
2

1

Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0.5 percent.
Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions. For example, the changes
include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years.

-

55
10
3

in proportions indicated at 10 years'

NOTE: In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "length of t i m e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or fla t-su m payments,
to an equivalent time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay.




-

41

4

were converted

17
Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(Percent of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, Phoenix, A r iz ., M arch 1962)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

Type of benefit
All industries1

Manufacturing

Public utilities1
2

All industries 3

100

100

100

100

Life insurance ______________________ _______ —_
Accidental death and dism em berm ent
i n s u r an c e
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both4 __ ______________ _____

93

99

98

64

93

73

81

92

Sickness and accident insurance ________
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period) __________________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)
_________________________

34
72

Hospitalization insurance ___________________
Surgical insurance ___________________________
Medical insurance ____________________________
Catastrophe insurance _______________________
Retirement pension ___ ________ ________ _
No health, insurance, or pension plan _____

A ll workers

_________

____

_ —

----------------------

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

82

97

91

65

85

56

91

62

67

92

82

5

40

6
6

24

77

87

24

19

39

2

-

"

10

-

35

84
84
57
57
65
3

99
99
91

34
34
15
32
89

8
6
8
6

98
98
72
36

59
59
33
57
83
3

W orkers in establishm ents providing:

6
6
79

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in
4 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident
the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal




64
39
46
9

6
8
2

estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
insurance shown separately below. Sick-leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least
sick-leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




Appendix A :

Changes in Occupational Descriptions

stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.

Since the Bureau’ s last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more sp ecific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year’ s bulletin.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

19




Appendix B: Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (hilling machine)-\lses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— ses a bookkeeping
U
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.



Class B —
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant. *»«s responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts
21

22

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—
Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
Class B—
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.



CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file o f orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

23

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B—
.Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and



SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

24

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULATEDG-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.



TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B—
Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

25

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength o f materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicant^
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




26

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establish­
ments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation o f one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machiningoperations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds o f machining; knowledge of the working

27

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties o f the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of die work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacementpart by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.



OILER
Lubricates* with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, die work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

28

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers;making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or beating systems are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.




29

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection o f appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Ship­
ping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness o f shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows;

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform dther related duties.

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




30

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver•salesmen and over^the^road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under l l2 tons)
/
Truckdriver, medium (1l2 to and including 4 tons)
/
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type, of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
* U S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1 9 6 2 0 — 6 4 4 2 7 6


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102