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87th C o n gre ss, 1st S e ssio n

H ou se Docum ent No. 239, Pt. 38

Occupational Wage Survey

DETROIT, MICHIGAN
JANUARY 1962

Bulletin No. 1303-38




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J Goldberg, Secretary
.
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
D ETRO IT, MICHIGAN
JANUARY 1962




Bulletin No. 1303-38
April 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clogue, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, W ashington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics annually conducts
occupational wage surveys in 82 labor markets. The
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits. A preliminary report furnishing
trend data and average earnings is released within a month
of the completion of each study. This bulletin provides
additional data not included in the preliminary report.
Two bulletins, bringing together the results of all
of the area surveys, are issued after completion of the
final area bulletin in the current round of surveys. The
first of these bulletins will be available late in 1962 and
the other early in 1963. During the survey year, summary
releases presenting areawide occupational earnings data
for 25 to 30 labor markets, are issued as data become
available.
This bulletin was prepared in the Bureaufs re­
gional office in Chicago, 111. , by Marvin Glick, under the
direction of Elliott A. Browar. The study was under the
general direction of Woodrow C. Linn, Assistant Regional
Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.




Introduction-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends for selected occupational groups _______________________

1
3

Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey ___________
2. Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups (new series) ___________________________
3. Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups (old series) ____________

2
4
4

A: Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women ____________________
A -2. Professional and technical occupations—
men
and women ____________________ _____________________
A-3. Office, professional, and technical
occupations—
men and women combined ________________
A-4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations _______________
A -5. Custodial and material movement occupations __________

10
12
13

Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational descriptions —
_______________________
B. Occupational descriptions ____________________________________

17
19

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for these items and also
tabulations on establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions are available in previous area reports .for
Detroit and for other major areas. A directory indicating
the areas, dates of study, and prices of these reports is
available upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and
supplementary wage practices in the Detroit area are also
available for the machinery industries (May 1961), contract
cleaning services (August 1961), and paints and varnishes
(May 1961). Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay
levels, are available for the following trades or industries:
Building construction, printing, local-transit operating
employees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

iii

5
9




Occupational Wage Survey— Detroit, Mich,
Introduction

are presented (in the A-series tables) for the following types of occu­
pations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and power plant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U.S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys
of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an area basis.
The bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i . e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hour* are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

In each area, data are obtained from representative establish­
ments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations
and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having
fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of
the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.;
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (l) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within,
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this
basis. Longer average service of men would result in higher average
pay when both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, except
for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data




1

2




Table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Detroit, Mich.,
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

All divisions __

_ _____________ „

Number of establishments
Within
scope of
study1
3
2

Studied

Workers in establishments
Within
scope of
study

Studied

282

594, 900

449, 170

100
“

446
684

99
183

398,200
196,700

317, 680
131, 490

100
50
100
50
50

66
171
109
149
189

29
31
34
40
49

45,700
22,700
71,000
30,900
26,400

38, 240
8, 890
56,000
18,720
9, 640

1, 130

—
—

M anufacturing_____________________________________
— .. ----- ----Nonmanufacturing __
Transportation, communication, and other
public utilities45 _____ „___ ^
____________________
----;
Wholesale trade — ______________________ _____
Retail trade
_ _ ------- ----------- —
Finance, insurance, and real estate _____________
S e r v i c e s ------- --------------- ---------------------------------

by major industry division, 2 January 1962

1 The Detroit Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area consists of Macomb, Oakland, and Wayne Counties. The "workers within scope of study"
estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The
estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other area employment indexes to measure employment trends or levels
since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and
(2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division. Major
changes from the earlier edition (used in the Bureau's labor market wage surveys conducted prior to July 1958)"are the transfer of milk pasteuri­
zation plants and ready-mixed concrete establishments from trade (wholesale or retail) to manufacturing, and the transfer of radio and television
broadcasting from services to the transportation, communication, and other public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum-size limitation. All outlets (within the area) of companies in
such industries as trade, finance, ailto repair service, and motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded. Detroit's transit system is municipally operated and is excluded
by definition from the scope of the study.
5 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations; and engineering
and architectural services.

3

Wage Trends (or Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percents of change in salaries of
office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average earnings
of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
cents of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The per­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The of­
fice clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine opera-tors, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; me­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average sal­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average employ­
ment in the job during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted
earnings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an ag­
gregate for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for the one year to the aggregate for the other year was
computed and the difference between the result and 100 is the percent
of change from the one period to the other.
The percent of change measures, principally, the effects of
(1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers
employed by establishments with different pay levels. Changes in the
labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect.
The movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
occurred in other area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime,
since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new trend
series (table 2). This series initiated with the expansion of the labor market
wage survey programs to 82 areas will replace the old series shown in table 3.
Changes in the jobs surveyed and job descriptions since the start of the old
series called for a reexamination of the jobs and job groupings for which trends
were to be computed.
The new series covers the same job groupings as the earlier series with
the following exceptions: The women clerical group is replaced by an office
clerical group (men and women) and the industrial nurse category includes both
men and women. Changes were also made in the jobs included within job group­
ings in order that an identical list could be employed in all areas.

4

Table 2. Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly
earnings for selected occupational groups (new series) in Detroit, Mich.,
January 1961 to January 1962, and January 1960 to January 1961
Percent increases from—
January 1961
to
January 1962

January I960
to
January 1961

All industries:
Office clerical (men and women) _ _
_ _ - _____ _
Industrial nurses (men and women) ---------------------Skilled maintenance (m e n )_______________________
Unskilled plant ( m e n )-----------—
___________________

2.5
3.3
1.9
1.8

3.1
4.4
4.4
4.8

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and women) ------------------------Industrial nurses (men and w om en )______________
Skilled maintenance (men) _______________________
Unskilled plant (men) . . .
_ ____ .
_

2.0
2.3
1.9
1.8

3.8
5.3
4.5
4.7

Industry and occupational group

Table 3. Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups (old series) in Detroit, Mich., for selected periods
Percent increases from—
Industry and occupational group

January 1961
to
January 1962

January I960
to
January 1961

January 1959
to
January I960

October 1955
to
January 1959

October 1953
to
October 1955

December 1951
to
October 1953

All industries:
Office clerical (w o m e n )______________________________
Industrial nurses (women)
- — __ __ _ _ _
Skilled maintenance (m e n )------------------------------------------Unskilled plant (men)
_
_
__ _ __ ____ _

1.9
2.8
1.9
1.7

2.9
4.4
4.3
4.4

3.1
4.1
3.0
3.4

19.8
20.2
17.0
15.8

7.5
7.9
8.3
6.2

11.8
10.2
11.0
10.0

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (w o m e n )_______________________________
Industrial nurses (w om en)___
_ __ _____ _
Skilled maintenance (m e n )____________________________
Unskilled plant (men) __________ ___________ __________

1.5
2.3
2.0
1.8

3.8
4.9
4.3
4.7

3.9
4.0
3.1
3.2

23.3
20.7
17.2
17.6

7.1
7.9
8.1
6.4

12.0
10.1
11.1
8.0




A: Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , D etroit, M ich, January 1962)
Average
Sex, occupation, and in du stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

$
*
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
W
eekly.
W
eekly , 35.00 40.00 *45.00 *50.00 55.00 *60.00 *65.00 *70.00 75.00 80.00 *85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 *40.00 *150.00
earnings
hours
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 140.00 150.00 over

Men
_
.
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

2
2
_
1

3
3
_
2

7
3
4
_
1

14
8
6
_
-

22
6
16
8
2

30
8
22
4
7

47
18
29
7
10

42
19
23
7
3

76
45
31
8
15

128
99
29
5
2

115
90
25
8
16

101
90
11
9
2

270
233
37
15
17

288
232
56
6
50

69
51
18

8
8
2
6
_
_
_
_
-

6
6
1
3
1
_
1
_
-

12
12
2
_
_
_
-

6
2
4
2
2
_
_
_
-

3
3
_
1

33
33
15
12

54
34
20
12
2

27
10
17
5
2

32
13
19
10
6

19
15
4

19
15
4
_
-

6
5
1
_
1

25
22
3
2

11
9
2
2

1

12
8
4
_
-

7
7
_
_
.

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

14
_
14
14

24
1
23
_
18
_
_
_
-

9
9
9

2
_
2
2

2
_
2
-

43
24
19
18

92
9
83
78

106
52
54
51

44
_
44
42

39
4
35
21

25
8
17
17

43
23
20
20

98
67
31
31

72
33
39
39

57
18
39
4 39

1
1

1
-

2
2

7
1

4
1

10
10

10
10

20
5

14
8
6
_
-

18
4
14
4
8
-

37
3
34
_
29
4

58
11
47
7
15
24

97
44
53
18
17
13

47
16
31
4
13
5

31
20
11
2
1
7

56
44
12
_
5
5

31
26
5
_
5
-

27
24
3
3
_
-

28
21
7
7
_
-

14
11
3
1
_
2

3
3
_
_
_
-

9
8
1
1

10
10

69.00
75. 00
62.00
67. 50
59. 50
63.00

_
_
.
-

21
20
_

27
26
_

21
19
_
_

33
30
.
_

7
7
_
_

_
_
_

3
3
_
_
_
-

23
15
_
_
_
_
_
-

_

_

_

_

_

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

123.50
126.00
114.00

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

1
_
1

4
_
4

4
_
4

6
4
2

5
1
4

33
20
13

27
13
14

89
70
19

58
53
5

35
24
11

68
61
7

20
18
2

14
14

467
291
176
28
74

40. 0
4 0 .0
39.5
4 0 .0
39.0

102.50
108.00
93. 50
110.00
86. 50

-

_
_
_
-

.
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

1
_
1
_
1

4
_
4
_
4

6
1
5

35
2
33
_
21

27
8
19

42
22
20
_
7

58
39
19
6
5

96
75
21
12
2

30
27
3
2

27
20
7
3
1

18
14
4
4

2
2

9

39
15
24
_
12

65
62
3

4

17
4
13
1
8

_

_

_

201
111
90

39.5
40. 0
3 9.5

89. 50
94. 50
'8 4 .0 0

-

-

-

-

5
5

9
9

11
_
11

12
_
12

15
7
8

12
3
9

27
20
7

24
15
9

34
24
10

28
21
7

9
4
5

14
11
3

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

B ille r s , m achine (b illin g m achine) ____
M anufacturing
___
_ _
___
Nonmanufac turing ____________ __ _____
P u blic u tilities 2 ___________________

214
96
118
52

_29JL .
4 0 .0
38.5
39.0

77. 50
78. 50
76. 50
83.50

-

_
_
-

4
4
.

8
1
7

12
6
6

16
5
11

34
13
21

6
5

3
3

1
1

_

1
0

_

_

_

_
_
_
_

_

-

1
0

16
5
11

-

27
17
10
9

28
9
19

-

18
10
8
7

14
5
9

-

27
12
15
4

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine) — ------ -----N onm anufacturing __ _ _ _ _ _
R etail trade -------------------------- -------

—1 1
6
11
2

39 .5
3 9.5
4 0 .0

65.50
61.50
56.50

_
_
-

6
6
6

13
13

19
19
13

13
13
13

30
25
17

17
5

1
6
1
6
6

17
7
5

17
17

1

9

_

_

_

-

_
_
_

3

1
0

88.00

_
-

_
_
_
■

_
•

_
_
_
-

53
45

29
24
5
4

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s A ________ __
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___ ______ ___________
N onm anufacturing ------------------------Pu blic u tilities 2 ___________________
W holesale trade ___________________

1, 214
902
312
77
137

.-19. 5
4 0 .0
39.0
4 0 .0
3 9.5

$128.50
131.50
119.50
118. 00
127.00

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s B ____________
M anufacturing _________ __ ____
N onm anufacturing ____ _______
W holesale trade ___________________
F in a n ce 3 _____________________

304
141
163
54
54

J .? ,5
4 0 .0
38.5
39.5
3 7.5

93. 50
105. 00
83. 50
87.00
77. 50

C le r k s , o r d e r ____________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________
W holesale trade -----------------------------

647
238
409
381

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

120.00
125. 50
117.00
117.50

C le r k s , pa y roll ____________ ____________
M anufacturing _____ _________________

206
165

3 9.5
4 0 .0

119.50
123.00

O ffice boys ________________________ ___
M anufacturing ___-______
____ ____
N onm anufacturing ____ ______ _
Pu blic u tilities 2 ______ ___ _________
F in a n ce 3 _________ __ ___________
S e r v ic e s __ ______ __ ___________

465
239
226
46
93
60

39 .0
3 9.5
38.5
39.5
38.5
3 7.0

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A ________ _____
M anufacturing ________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______ ______________

^64
278
86

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B _____ __________ _
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing — _________ _____
P u blic u tilities 2 _____________
F in a n ce 3 __ _____
______________
T a bulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s C --------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ____ _____
____ __ __
N onm anufacturing _____ __________ ____

l

-

_
_

1

9

_

W om en

B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A — ______ _________ ___ __ __
M anufacturing
___ __ __ ____
Nonm anufacturing —
___
Finance 3 ____ ,___

See footnotes at end of table,




72
498
197
301
174

29 a..5 4 0 .0
39 .5
3 9 .5

97.00
82.50
7 6.00

2

-

3

15

29

64

61

47
14

74

3

15
14

28
23

63
41

59
45

33

41
15

1

1

2

30

33

1
2

41
29

1
2

8

_

_
_

_
_

- 27
24

13

3

3

1
0

_
_

_
24
13

1
1

_

14

_

_

_

_

-

-

4

1

13

4
-

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Detroit, Mich., January 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Avkragb
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

S
S
$
S
5
$
%
S
s
S
S
S
t
1
$
$
I
$
f
S
$
W
eekly
W
eekly . 35.00 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 V 5.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 140.00 150.00
hours1 earnings1 and
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 140.00 150.00 ov er

W omen— Continued
B ookkeeping-m ach ine o p era to rs,
cla s s B _______________ _________________
M anufacturing _____ ________ __________
N onm anufacturing ___ ________ _______
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 __ _ __ __ __
W holesale t r a d e _________
____
R etail trade ______ _______ ________
F in a n ce 3 _______ ____
_________
S erv ices ____ __ ________ __

1,563
372
1,191
32
134
103
836
86

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.5
39.5
38.0

$70 .00
82.00
66.50
88.00
77.50
59.00
63.00
83.00

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
"

39
39
28
11
-

101
8
93
7
14
72
’

228
21
207
_
9
190
8

358
30
328
20
23
285
-

210
26
184
12
20
143
9

144
37
107
7
12
2
66
20

120
49
71
26
2
40
3

84
31
53
21
3
17
12

67
58
9
_
6
3

75
25
50
20
12
1
5
12

51
34
17
3
12
1
1
-

52
36
16
2
12
_
2

23
12
11
_
_
11

5
5
_
_
_
-

3
3
_
_
_
3

3
3
_
_
_
3

_
_
_
-

-

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ___________
M anufacturing ____ ____ _ _ ___
N onm anufacturing ___________________
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 __________________
W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade _ __ __ __ _ __ __ _
F in a n ce 3 _ __________ !____ _ _____
________ . _______ _
S e rv ice s

932
354
578
139
64
125
112
138

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
38.5
38.5

101.00
113.50
93.00
100.00
108.00
83.50
91.00
90.00

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

1
1
_
1
-

6
6
_
6
_
-

2
2
_
2
-

29
29
1
9
7
12

27
27
4
3
5
1
14

93
93
4
1
41
30
17

54
8
46
_
18
12
16

56
2
54
14
14
8
5
13

76
25
51
9
_
6
12
24

117
42
75
44
1
_
15
15

96
51
45
24
_
8
4
9

75
31
44
19
7
3
8
7

69
25
44
9
8
12
15
-

54
36
18
7
6
5
_
-

61
50
11
1
7
1
_
2

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B __ ______ __
______
M anufacturing ______________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______ __ ____
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 __________________
W holesale t r a d e _____ ____ __ _
R etail trade ______________________
F in a n ce 3 _ __ ____ __ __ __ _
S e rv ice s __ _____ _ __ __ __ __

1,906
390
1,516
286
171
524
283
252

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
38.0
38.5

74.00
87.00
70.50
82.50
78.50
62.00
70.00
69.50

218
18
200
7
1
68
66
58

244
23
221
30
3
70
46
72

322
46
276
38
71
65
43
59

192
41
151
50
30
29
12
30

141
47
94
23
21
36
8
6

170
55
115
73
_
7
32
3

87
21
66
21
17
1
17
10

44
21
23
8
5
_
7
3

76
35
41
36
1
_
2
2

5
3
2
_
2
_
_
-

88.00
"?8.00
70.00

6
6
6

15
15
15

6
6
6

12
12
11

17
17
10

22
22
19

36
36
9

18
16
-

10
10
2

11
1
1

118
10
1

46
35
11
11
_
_
_
-

27
27
_
_
_
_
-

39.5
39.6
39.0

79
9
70
_
70
_
-

148
5
143
9
96
29
9

274
154
80

7
7
_
. 7
_
_
-

96
96
_
75
21
-

C lerk s, file , c la s s A 5 __________________
N onm anufacturing
_ __
F in a n ce 3 _
____________________

1
1
-

C lerk s, file , c la s s B 5 __ __ __
__ _
M anufacturing —
__ ____ __
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
P u blic u tilities 2 __________________
W holesale trade
__ _ __ _
R etail trade _ ____ ___________ _
_____
______
F in a n ce 3 ____

852
174
678
66
73
162
268

39.5
40.0
39.5
38.0
40.0
40.5
39.0

63.50
79.50
59.00
72.00
66.50
58.00
58.00

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

18
18
_
_
18
-

168
168
9
20
51

67
67
_
_
2
63

93
8
85
_
9
23
51

174
9
165
18
17
81
46

116
37
79
24
6
10
28

86
42
44
7
11
6
20

47
16
31
7
19
1
4

17
8
9
2
_
1
3

6
4
2
_
_
_
2

11
7
4
3
1
_
-

C lerk s, file , cla s s C 5 __________________
M anufacturing _____ _ _____________
Nonm anufacturing _______ __ _________
P u b lic u tilities 2 __________________
W holesale t r a d e __________________
F in a n ce 3 _ __ __

635
151
484
50
91
205

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.0

59.50
66.00
57.00
70.50
57.50
58.00

11
11
_
-

42
42
13
1

25
25
_
7

111
2
109
17
55

111
6
105
17
64

219
109
110
8
30
56

66
7
59
23
14
18

31
16
15
11
_
4

4
2
2
2
_
-

2
2
2
_
-

7
3
4
4
-

6
6
_
-

28
25
3
2
1
_
_
-

12
10
2
2
_
_
_
_
-

6
5
1
1
_
_
_
_
-

3
5
_
_
_
_
_
-

2
2
_
_
_
_
_
-

3
3
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

60
38
22
_
13
_
3
6
1
1
.
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
.
-

42
56
6
3
3
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

C lerk s, o r d e r _____________ _____________
M anufacturing —
Nonm anufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
W holesale t r a d e _____ _________ ___
R etail t r a d e _____ ___ _____________

431
141
290
158
90

40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0

72.00
64.00
67.00
73.50
53.50

46
8
38
23
8

25
8
17
6
10

28
2
26
20
4

'55
16
39
37
2

57
44
13
11
-

15
14
1
-

11
5
6
6
-

18
9
9
5
-

19
9
10
-

12
6
6
5
1

5
2
3
3
-

2
2
_
_
-

4
1
3
3
-

2
2
2
-

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5
40.0
38.5

91.00
98.50
79.00
84.00
68.00
83.00

33
33
27
11
1
10
4
"

61
13
48
37
8

863
533
330
72
93
73

21
21
21
_
_
_

14
14
8

C lerk s, p ayroll
_
M anufacturing ------------------ — ^W .—T n
^T .m r
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ______ _____ _______
P u blic u tilities 2
R etail t r a d e ______ ________________
S e r v ic e . -----------------------------------------

1
1
1
_
_
.
-

27
1
26
_
17
3

30
TT~
18
2
9
7

41
4
37
10
6
12

66
22
44
5
17
4

76
22
54
17
22
10

115
87
28
7
4
5

66
34
32
11
4
3

46
37
9
1
1
4

103
92
11
9
1
"

74
47
27
1
25

42
28
14
3
-

50
44
6
6
_
-

35
33
2
_
-

22
21
1
1
_
-

23
21
2
_

See footnotes at end of table.




-

7
.
7
7
-

_______1

_
_
_

_
-

_
-

2
2
_
_
-

8
7
1
1
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
«
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

6
3
3
_
_
_
3
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

29
27
2
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

_

_

_

7

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women----Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a sis
by industry division , D etroit, M ich. , January 1962)
Average
Sex, occu p ation , and industry d iv isio n

Num
ber
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

*
$
$
W
eekly,
W
eekly , i s . oo 1 0 .0 0 I s . 00 *50. 00 $ 00 i o . 00 i s . 00 70. 00 7 5.00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 $
130.00 *40.00 *150.00
55.
hours 1 earnings 1 and
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40.00 4 5 .0 0 50.00 3 5 . 00 6 0 .0 0 65.0 0 70.00 7 5 .0 0 8 0.00 8 5 .0 0 90.0 0 9 5.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 140.00 150.00 over

W om en — Continued
147
"68
79
4
9
16
4

102
49
53
3
32
13
5

79
49
30
3
15
5
3

141
102
39
7
25
5
2

71
44
27
9
15
3
-

135
109
26
16
3
7
-

146
126
20
8
4
8

149
133
16
2
14
-

50
49
1
1
-

21
21
-

.
-

.
-

-

.
-

1
-

11
7

3
3

9
6

5
5

1

9
9

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8
1
-

32
32
7
13
4

129
129
6
35
84

54
3
51
12
32
2

58
23
35
12
10
-

48
15
33
13
13
5

49
26
23
10
11
-

115
56
59
49
3

108
62
46
38
4
-

61
55
6
6
_

36
36
-

-

.
-

_

-

"

•
•
-

-

8
8
-

59
59
_
15
35

76
9
67
6
10
19
32

100
24
76
32
2
9
30

115
26
89
22
22
12
23

143
89
54
15
26
4
9

108
42
66
23
16
3
22

140
121
19
4
7
5
3

93
85
8
2
2
2

129
96
33
32
1
-

122
98
24
18
6
-

86
82
4
4
-

78
58
20
20
-

_
-

.
-

.
_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

_
_
-

62
62
26
30

40
40
5
26

46
4
42
4
4

28
1
27
5
“

3
2
1
"

3
$
-

17
16
1
*

2
1
1
-

2
2
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

2
2
-

.
-

-

35
33
2
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
_

123
4
119
8
19
55
37

83
262
135
2 — TT~ ----- Z T
241
81
119
12
21
9
_
15
15
42
41
13
24
53
101
12
20
63

366
68
298
14
33
48
103
100

412
65
347
39
48
31
106
123

443
182
261
66
19
21
70
85

497
2T0
247
52
21
33
80
61

651
505
146
34
26
4
25
57

697
“ W
116
29
30
1
27
29

697
577
120
44
22
8
12
34

559
s frr
52
2
20
4
3
23

282
2 l8
64
36
6
2
5
15

319

_
.
-

44
44
4
8
24
8

29
29
3
24
2

120
14
106
6
95
5

234
74
160
5
32
26
81
16

206
94
112
21
7
17
59
g

299
104
195
26
10
21
33
105

1
1
-

2
2
2
■

3
3
3

12
12
9
3

24
2
22
13
9

53
4
49
24
24

4
4
4
-

10
10
7
-

27
9
18
14
1

-

"

12
8

-

5
-

10
-

89.00
100.50
82.00
92. 50
77.00
73. 50

.
-

-

_

_
_
-

7
7
4
-

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

85. 50
92. 50
75. 50
82.00
85.00
67.00
67.00

_
-

.
-

1
1
1

11
4
7
7

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
39. 5

64.50
88. 00
57.00
52. 50
53.00

-

5
5
5
-

20
20
11
9

S e c r e ta r ie s ______
___ _ _
3 9 .5
5,789
M anufacturing
__ _
___
„ __
"3 ,4 7 8 " 40. 0
N onm anufacturing ____________________
2,311
3 8 .5
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2
3 9 .0
386
W h olesa le t r a d e ______
__
___
271
4 0 .0
R etail trade _
__ __ __
4 0 .0
276
F inane e 3
__ ______
694
3 8 .5
S e r v i c e s ------------------------------------------684
3 7 .0

107.50
116.06
95.00
103.00
102.00
87.0 0
89.00
96.00

_
.
-

_
-

_
- •
-

_
-

_
-

2
2
2
-

-

-

-

C om ptom eter op e r a to r s _________________
M anufacturing __
__ ___
N onm anufacturing __ __ ____
___
P u blic u tilities 2 ___________________
W h olesale trad e ____ — ____ ___
R etail trade ________________________
F in a n ce 3 __
___
____
_____

1,255
798
457
59
128
136
68

4 0 .0
40. 0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
39. 5
3 9.5

$ 86 .50
93.50
75.00
89. 50
85.00
66.00
70.00

__ ___

76
50

39. 5
40. 0

75. 50
82.50

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A 5 __________
M anufacturing. _________ ______________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
P u blic u tilities 2 ___________________
F inane e 3 __ _________________________
S e r v ic e s __________________________ _

713
284
429
153
123
98

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39. 5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9.0

K eypunch o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B 5 _____ _____
M anufacturing -------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ____________ __ ___
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 ____ ___
_ _ __
W h olesale t r a d e ____
____
R etail trade _ _______ ____________
______ __________
F in a n ce 3 ____

1,261
734
527
154
116
67
164

O ffice g ir ls _________ _______________ ______
M anufacturing __
N onm anufacturing ____________________
R etail trade ________________________
F in a n ce 3
___ __
__ ___

265
64
201
56
69

D u plicatin g-m a ch in e op era tors
(M im eograph o r D itto) __ ______
M anufacturing _

S ten ogra p h ers, gen era l 5 ________________
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
P u blic u tilities 2 ____________________
W h olesale trade ____ ____ _______
R etail trade _________________ ______
F inan ce 3 ____________________ _______
S erv irp s

3,044
1,791
1,253
287
283
97
371
215

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9.0

85.0 0
90.50
7 7.00
90.50
8 4.00
6 8.50
6 6.00
73. 00

Sten ograp h ers, s e n i o r 5 _________________
M anufacturing __ __
N onm anufacturing __
___
F in a n ce 3 _ ______
S e r v ic e s _______________ ____________

2 ,562
2,037
525
178
193

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 6 .0

97.50
100.00
88 .0 0
79. 50
8 6.00

See footnotes at end of table,




-

52
50
9 ------- T
41
45
2
1
1
24
17
16
16

71
zr~
48
5
8
21
13

-

265
145
120
12
31
8
31
38

306
124
182
15
102
7
35
23

447
349
98
29
40
_
11
1ft
xo

248
190
58
39
15
2
2

202
127
75
62
8
5
-

363
298
65
56
9
-

177
152
25
15
10
_
-

136
112
24
5
19
-

8
6
2
2
-

_
.
-

1
1
_
-

92

94
28
66
28
36

411
328
83
38
34

294
254
40
11
18

419
$41
78
3
51

439
399
40
6
7

336
277
59
-

223
215
8
-

I ll
109
2
“

25
25
“

23
23
-

a

60
40

11

43
16
11
5
11

-

44
175
"T 5 9 ” — T T
6
7
5
1
1
6
_
-

_
.
-

1
-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women----Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Detroit, Mich., January 1962)
NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly,
Weekly!
earnings
hours
(Standard) (Standard)

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

*35.00 <10.00 45.00 *50.00 *55.00 *60.00 *65.00 *70.00 *75.00 *80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 *20.00 125.00 *30.00 140.00 150.00
and
and
under
40.00 45.00 50.00 _55,00_ 60.00 65.00
75.00 80.00 85.00 90v00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 140.00 150.00 over

h
?o-oo

Women—Continued
39.5 $80.50
95.00
39.5
71.00
39.5
93.00
40.0
83.50
40.0
40.0
63.00
38.5
72.00
39.0
63.00

Switchboard operators ______________
Manufacturing __ __ _____________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------Public utilities 1 ____________ _________
2
Wholesale trade ________________________
Retail trade ______________________________
Finance3 __________________________________
5
4
Services ---------------------------------

1, 016
387
629
67
88
149
148
177

Switchboard operator.-receptionists __
Manufacturing ___________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________
Public utilities 2 ______________________ _
Wholesale trade ________________________
Finance3 ________________________ _______
Services -------------------------------------------------------

770
380
390
39
139
102
76

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
38.5
39.0

75.00
78.00
71.50
75.50
72.00
70.00
70.00

Tabulating-machine operators,
class A ___________ ____ _____________________ . .
Manufacturing _______________________________

71
55

40.0
40.0

118.50
118.00

Tabulating-machine operators,
class B ............................ ....................
Manufacturing ___________________
Nonmanufacturing ___ _ __________

148
70
78

39.5
40.0
39.0

Tabulating-machine operators,
class C _________ ___ ________ _____

68

Transcribing-machine operators,
general ____________ _____________________________
Manufacturing __ ___________________ _____
Nonmanufacturing _________________________
Finance3 -----------------------------------------------------

10

114

61

114

61

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

10
-

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
2
95

16
12
33

5

_

_

22

12

-

_

-

_

5

-

-

5

_

-

-

-

22
4
9

12

_

9
3

9

-

90
1
89

38
2
36

-

-

1
53
29
6

3
14.
19

91
28
63
1
35
16
5

-

no
50

60
7
7
28
9

91
25
66
2
18
27
17
2

72
10
62
2
12
3
40
5

80
30
50
4
12
14
14

92
51
41
1
21
2
9
8

146
80
66
2
26
17
19

114
62
52
10
19
14
-

131
79
52
5
31
15
-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

98.50
109.00
89.50

-

_

-

_

9

2

-

-

-

39.0

84.50

-

477
196
281
150

39.5
40.0
39.0
38.5

76.00
84.00
70.50
69.00

-

Typists, class A ________________________________
Manufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________
Public utilities2 ______________
Wholesale trade _______________
Retail trade ______________________________
_________
Finance3 ____ ______________
Services ________________________ ________

1,974
1, 275
699
198
69
53
254
125

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.0
37.0

89.5094.50
80.00
88.50
95.00
72.50
70.50
81.00

Typists, class B _________________________________
Manufacturing __________ _______
Nonmanufacturing _____________ __
Public utilities 2 ______________
Wholesale trade _______________
Retail trade ______________________________
Finance3 ___ _______________________________

3, 343
1,494
1,849
140
248
247
907
307

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
40.5
38.5
39.0

72.50
83.00
64.00
74.00
74.50
59.00
60.50
64.50

S e r v i c e . -------------------------------------------------------

85
40
45
33
2
1
5
4

84
64
20
8
2

55
19
36
6
2
2
26

47
32
15
4
9
1
-

13
13

-

1
-

1
1

2
1

'

-

1
9

_
_

134
102
32
17
15

47
47

.
_

_

-

15
8
7

3
2
1

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

-

_
_

-

-

1

-

-

-

"

-

4
4

4
4

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

1
_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

_

_
_

_
_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

1
-

15
14

17
13

10
9

4
2

14
9

1
1

"

3
3
-

2
2

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

2

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

2

10

15
3
12

21
8
13

19
14
5

18
16
2

18
12
6

11
11

-

20
1
19

10

-

-

-

2

1

2

7

7

6

8

15

2

7

2

5

3

1

_

-

11

38

67

8
3
5
2

30
27
3
1

24
21
3
-

_

_

_

_

_

1
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

27
18
9
6

_

_

31
5
26
14

_

-

42
26
16
7

1

-

-

-

-

12
-

24

218
170
48
32
14
1

558
473
85
45
40

64
58
6
2
_

22
21
1
1
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_

-

215
154
61
17
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

- '
-

-

_

-

_
_

_
_

“
_

-

29

-

-

-

29
.
-•
29

_

-

~

41
-

41
-

22
19
"

-

-

11
11

38
17

67
41

70
20
50
26

12

24

90
16
74
2
_
10
57
5

107
13
94
25
16
33
20

119
33
86
12
5
11
32
26

113
43
70
13
2
3
46
6

126
47
79
23
5
34
17

306
247
59
26
3
11
15
4

581
104
477
33
33
54
313

419
171
248
30
36

234
116
118
17
26
12
37
26

362
226
136
14
63

266
148
118
24
65
11

244
217
27
11
1
2

_

12
204
21
183
_

18
163
2

-

_
1
23
462
15
447
-

11
50
234
152

-

44

44

111
27

76
52
50 “ 25—
26
26
17
8

5

25
29

_

_

4

18

9

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

-

4

-

-

-

-

194
179
15
9
6

136
132
4

90
85
5
2
2

53
52
1

23
23

5
5

_

_
-

_
_
_

_

_
-

_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

_
_
_
_

-

-

_

2
42

_

_

4

_

1
-

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
4 Workers were distributed as follows: 16 at $ 150 to $ 160; 23 at $ 160 and over.
5 Description for this job has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




15
13
2

-

_

_

1
_

_ ”,
-

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
-

_

_
-

_
_
-

_

_
_

_

_
_

_
_

_

_
_
_

_

_
_
_

-

-

_

-

9

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Detroit, Mich., January 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

A verage

Sex, occu p ation , and in du stry d iv isio n

Number

at

workers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Weekly.
Weekly t Under 75.00 *80.00 *85.00 *90.00 *95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 *40.00 150.00 160.00 170.00 180.00 190.00 *00.00 210.00 ^20.00
hours
earnings
and
and
$
(Standard) (Standard)
under
75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 140.00 150.00 160.00 170.00 180.00 190.00 200.00 210.00 220.00 over

Men
D ra ftsm en, l e a d e r ----------------------------------M anufacturing

612
568

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$194.00
195.50

D raftsm en, s e n i o r ------------ ------ ---------------M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing
_ ----— __
P u blic u tilities 1 ___________________
2 3

3.117
2,756
361
108

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

160.50
162.00
151.50
139.50

D raftsm en, ju n ior —
-----------M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------N onm anufacturing
—
-----------P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 ___ — ------------ --------

1.622
1,310
312
46
261

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

125.50
128.00
114.50
110.00
114.50

5

2

4

_________

124

4 0 .0

88. 50

332

-------------------

419
370

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

109.50
110. 50

S e r v ic e s ---------------------------------------------------------T racers

____

____

____

______

-

-

21
20
1
“

27
19
8
2

73
64
9
6

100

32

34
14
20

72
43
29
14
15

77
76
1
1
-

26

19

11

5

36
28

57
51

75
71

83
80

52
47

“

"

-

~

■

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

‘

"

-

‘

■

■

■

2

58
35
23

7

72

4

46

-

3

26

68
48
20

78
40
38

l

-

-

1

6

3

-

23

2

2

24

18

7

4

19

2

17

12
10

2 '

8
8

8
8

5
4

19
9

64
40

145
138

127
126

82
82

117
116

85
52
33
26

55
35
20
10

209
180
29
16

439
393
46
19

569
520
49
9

591
463
128
20

508
496
12
■

278
269
9

169
163
6
-

86
81
5
-

5

2

-

1
1
-

170
130
40

159
146
13
1
12

222
205
17

367
321
46

138
120
18

22

4

-

12

42

11

10

1

1

-

9

-

6
6

-

66

-

40

W om en
N u rses, in du stria l (re g is te r e d )
M anufacturing
___ . . . _

9
3

9

54
54

10

5

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Workers were distributed as follows: 9 at $50 to $55; 6 at $ 55 to $60; 6 at $60 to $65; 4 at $65 to $70; 7 at $70 to $75.




5
“

31
~TY—

22

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Detroit, M ich ., January 1962)

Average
weekly j
earning*
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

B illers , m achine (billin g m achine) —
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic u tilities 2

96
128
62

$ 7 7 .5 0
78. 50
7 7 .0 0
8 3 .0 0

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine)
Nonmanufacturing ,
R etail t r a d e ___

161
121
72

65. 50
61.5 0
56.50

198
302
174

97. 50
8 2 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _
Pu blic u tilities 2
W holesale trade
R etail t r a d e ____
F in a n ce 3 _______
S e rv ice s ___

. 581
372
1,209
33
135
103
843
95

70. 00
8 2 .0 0
66.5 0
88.5 0
77. 50
59.00
6 3 .0 0
8 1 .5 0

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A .
M anufacturing
^Nonmanufacturing .
Pu blic u tilities 2 ____
W holesale trade ____
R etail trade
F in a n ce 3 __
S e r v ic e s _
_

2, 146
1,256
890
216
201
155
137
181

116.50
126.00
102.50
106.50

121.00

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B
M a n u fa ctu rin g ____________
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic u tilities 2
W holesale trade
R etail trade
F inance 3
S erv ices

2 . 210
531
1,679
306
225
528
337
283

7 6 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
72 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
6 2.00
71 .5 0
71 .5 0

C lerk s, file , c la s s A 4
N onm anufacturing —,
F in a n ce 3

309
161
84

C lerks, file , c la s s B 4
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic u tilities 2
W holesale trade
R etail t r a d e ____
F inance 3

864
180
684
70
73
162
270

See footnotes at end of table,




Number
of
worker*

Average
weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

8 8 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
9 7 .0 0

C le rk s, file , c la s s C 4
M a n u fa ctu rin g -----N onm anufacturing .
Public u tilities 2
W holesale trade
F in a n ce 3 __ —

639
152
487
51
91
207

$59.50
66.00
57.00
70.50
57.50
58.00

C le rk s , o r d e r _____
M a n u fa ctu rin g ___
Nonmanufacturing ..
W holesale trade
Retail trade

1. 078
379
699
539
90

101.00
109.50
96.50
104.50
53.50

C le rk s, p a y r o l l __
M anufacturing ,
Nonmanufacturing ,
P ublic u tilities 2 ___
W holesale trade __________
Retail trade _______________
Finance 3
S e rv ice s .

1. 069
698
371
92
60
93
50
76

96. 50
104.00
82.00
90.00
88. 50
68.00
82.00
83.50

C om ptom eter o p e ra to rs
M a n u fa ctu rin g __
N onm anufacturing —
Pu blic u tilities 2
W holesale trade
Retail t r a d e ____
Finance 3

1. 262
803
459
59
128
136
70

87.00
93.50
75. 50
89.50
85. 00
66.00
70.50

110
63

75.00
83.00

721

D uplicating-m ach ine o p e ra to rs
(M im eograph o r Ditto)
M a n u fa ctu rin g _______

Number
of
worker*

Occupation and industry division

Average
weekly .
earning*1
(Standard)

Office occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations

B ookkeeping-m achine op e ra to rs ,
M anufacturing .
Nonmanufacturing
F in a n ce 3 _____

O ccupation and in du stry division

8 9 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
70. 50

Keypunch o p e ra to rs , c la s s A 4
M anufacturing .
N onm anufacturing ..
Pu blic u tilitie s 2
F in a n ce 3 __
S e rv ice s

429
153
123
98

89.00
100.00
82.00
92.50
77.00
73.50

63 .5 0
80 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
6 6 .5 0
5 8.00
5 8.00

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s B 4
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ,
P ublic u tilities 2
W holesale trade
Retail trade ,
Finance 3

1.265
738
527
154
116
67
164

85.50
92.50
75.50
82.00
85.00
67.00
67.00

292

Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 __________________________
Retail t r a d e ____ ___________________ _______
Finance3 ------- ----------- __ --------- — - - — -----S ervices ------------- ---- --------------- — — — ---------- ------------- —

730
303
427
106
71
162
60

$67. 50
78.00
59. 50
65. 00
53.00
57. 00
63.00

Seeretaries
.
.
M
..... ....._
Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _ __ __________ — — — — — Public utilities2 ______________________________________
Wholesale trade _______________________________________
Retail trade _____ _ --------- - ------- —
- Finance3 __ __
_
__
. . . . . .
.. .. .
Services ---------- ------------------------ —--------- —
------------------------

5.816
3,492
2,324
395
271
276
694
688

107.50
116.00
95. 00
103. 50
102.00
87. 00
89. 00
96. 00

Stenographers, general4

Nonmanufacturing ____________________________
Public utilities2 -----------------------------------------------------------Wholesale tra d e _______________________________________
---------— .
— —
Retail trade . .
. . .
Finance3 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------S ervices ---------------------------------- —---------------------------- —— -

3.054
1,797
1,257
287
287
97
371
215

85. 00
90. 50
77. 00
90. 50
84.00
68. 50
66.00
73. 00

Stenographers, senior4 . ....... ___ ___ . . . . . .
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------Finance 3 _________________________________________________
Services ___ ___________ ___________________

2. 562
2,037
525
178
193

Switchboard operators ...__ __
.. . ____
Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------Nonmanufactur i n g ____________________________
Public utilities 2 ---------------------------------------Wholesale tra d e ___________________________
Retail trade . — ---------- — — - -------- —
Finance3
— . . . . .
- ----S ervices---------------------------------------- -----------

1.021
387“
634
72
88
149
148
177

Switchboard operator-receptionists ---------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing-----------------------------------------Public utilities 2 ---------------------------------------Wholesale tra d e ----------------------------------------Finance 3 __ __________ ___________ _______
_
_
_
Services ----------------------------------------------------

Office boys and girls

_

_______

.

—

— -----------------

-

—

__ _ _______
_ _

.

771
380
391
40
139
102
76

97. 50
00
88.00
79. 50
86.00

100.

80. 50
95. 00
71. 50
93. 50
83. 50
63. 00
72. 00
63.00
75. 00
78. 00
72.00
75. 50
72. 00
70.00
70. 00

11

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Detroit, Mich., January 1962)

O ccupation and industry div isio n

N ber
um
of

Average
w
eekly 1
earnings
(Standard)

Average
w
eekly ,
earnings
(Standard)

Tabulating-machine operators, class A _.
Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________
Tabulating-machine operators, class B
Manufacturing ___________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________
Public utilities 2 ______________
1
Finance3 ______________________
4
Tabulating-machine operators, class C
Manufacturing ____________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________
Public utilities 2 _______________

435
333
102

$ 122.50
125.00
115.00

615
36l
254

101.50
108.00
92.00

1 n4
0l

8 6 .0 0

269
147
122
50

8 8 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
9 3 .0 0

Transcribing-machine operators, general __
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________
Finance3 ___________________________

478

7 6 .0 0
8 4 .0 b
7 0 .5 0
6 9 .0 0

1$7
2 81
1 50

T ypists, cla ss B _______________________________
M anufacturing ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________ _____
P u blic utilities 2 ______________________________
W holesale t r a d e _______________________________
S e rvice s

_

____

_

____

____

__ ___________

_

1,994
1, 293
701
199
69
53
254
126

3 ,3 7 2
1 ,5 0 $
1 ,8 6 7
141
260
247
912
307

$89 .50
94.50
80.00'
88.50
95.00
72.50

D raftsm en, lea d er _________ ______________________ _
M anufacturing
.. ..
_
_ _
____ ___
D raftsm en, sen ior

7 0 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

7 2 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
6 4 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
5 9 .0 0
6 0 .5 0
6 4 .5 0

____ _______________ _____

Nonm anufacturing _______________________________
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 ___ _ __ ____ _______
D raftsm en, j u n i o r _______________________ __________
M anufacturing _____ ____ __ ___ --- --- ------ --Nonmanufacturing __________ ____ __ ___ ____
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 __________
_ ____ — __
S e rv ices ____ _ _______ __ __ __ - ------—
N u rses, industrial (re g is te r e d ) _____
M a n u fa c t u r in g

1 T rsc

Earnings are for a regular workweek for which employees receive their straight-time weekly salaries, exclusive of any premium pay.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Description for this job has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




Average
w
eekly t
earnings
(Standard)

P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations

T yp ists, c la s s A _ ____ __ __ __ ------------ -----------____
M anufacturing
_
N onm anufacturing
_ __ __ __ _______ ____ ___
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 _ _ _ _ _ __ __ __ __ ____ __
W holesale t r a d e ________ ______ _ _____ __
Retail trade __ __ __ __ __ __ ________ __ _
F inance 3 __________ __ ______________________
S ervices ______ _____________ ____ _____________ _

R e t a il t r a d e
F in a n c e 3

Num
ber
of

O ccupation and industry d ivision

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occu p a tion s— Continued

1
2
3
4

Number
of

O ccupation and industry division

g

_

_

__

____ __
. . .

612
$194.00
— 5 5 F - 195.50
3, 189
2, 828
361

161.00
162:0-0“
151.50

108

1 3 9 .5 0

1 ,6 3 2
1 ,3 1 2
320
46
269

1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 8 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0

441
392

1 1 0 .0 0

124

8 8 .5 0

111.00

12

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Detroit, Mich., January 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Ntim
ber
of
workers

$
9
$
$
Average
hourly , Under 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00
earnings $
and
1.70 under
1.80 1,90 2.00 2.10

$
2.10
2.20

$
2.20
,
r
2.30

9
2.30

9
9
9
$
9
9
9
9
9
$
$
*
9
$
9
9
9
9
2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10

2.40

2.50

2.60

2.70

2.80

10
10

9
1
8
2

37
6
31

6
4
2

2.90

3.00

3.10

3.20

8
1
7
5

31
19
12
10

252
198
54
42

4.00

435
43i
4

9
9

.
-

15
5
10

_
-

5
5

_
-

6
6

_
-

_
-

61
58
3

10
10
-

5
5
_
-

7
7
-

37
37
"
-

4
4

3.50

3.70

-

1
1

1
1

.

8

7

1

2
2
-

2
2
-

8

7

1

9
1
8

17
4
13

14
14

4
4

106
98
8

42
37
5'

259
249
10

396
392
4

1149
1135
14

1054
1052
2

159
60
99

13
12
1

6
6
6

7
7
-

24
24
8

27
27
24

28
15
13
3

66
56
10
5

9
4
5
3

17
3
14
-

72
58
14
-

121
118
3
-

53
51
2
-

49
40
9
5

17
17
_
-

11
8
3

8
8

2
2

57
55
2

27
21
6

29
25
4

39
22
17

38
38
-

162
154
8

262
262
-

38
35
3

17
12
5
_
"

7
1
6
1

209
209
-

180
165
15
13

199
188
11
-

148
144
4
-

14
8
6
6

23
23

43
43
52
52

161
145
16
8
_
-

6
5
1
-

37
37
21
4
17
8

1
1
21
21
-

14
14
2
2
_
-

-

-

-

-

3.38
3.38

1

17
17

89
89

96
96

706
706

376
376

1242
1242

482
482

40
40

13
13

1, 136
1, 103

3.37
3.37

12
12

7
3

37
35

59
58

340
340

82
56

513
513

1
1

-

30
30

-

M echanics, autom otive
(m aintenance) ___________ ______________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing __ ____ ____ _
P u blic utilities 2 ...............................
W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade ______________________

1, 513
764
749
513
147
61

3.04
3.12
2.97
3.04
2.80
2.83

32
15
17
11

14
14

5
5

-

-

M echanics, m aintenance ______________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing __________________

2,948
2, 766
182

3.31
3.32
3.22

309
216
93

NIillw r ights
M anufacturing _______________________

3, 856
3, 848

3.29
3.29

O ilers ------------- — — ------- — ------ —
M anufacturing
— — __ __ __ ____

934
929

2.69
2.70

P a in ters, m aintenance ___ __ ____ __
M anufacturing _____________________ _
Nonm anuf a ctur ing __ _ __ __ __ „
F in a n ce 4 _________________________

709
539
170
77

3.12
3.18
2.96
3.14

2, 106
2, 018

3.28
3.28

92 1651
92 1648
3
1946
52
52
1946“
_
_
4
4
4
1
348
<
T
347
1
1
52
938
629
936
628
48

-

6
5
1
-

26
26
_
-

C arpenters, m aintenance ______________
M anufacturing ___ __ __ „ „ ____
N onm anufacturing __ ______________

875
691
184
65

$ 3.17
3.23
2.96
3 03

E lectricia n s , m aintenance
____ ____
M anufacturing
__ __ ___________ __
Nonm anufacturing __________________

3, 319
3, 112
207

3.35
3.36
3.24

E n gin eers, station ary __________________
M anufacturing ______________________ _
Nonmanufacturing __ __ ___________
S erv ices ____ _ ____ ___________

725
561
164
62

3.25
3.37
2.85
2.75

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

F irem en , station ary b o ile r ____________
M anufacturing
____ ________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________

799
721
78

3.05
3.11
2.52

4
4

3
3

H elpers, m aintenance trades _________
M anufacturing
____ __ ___________
Nonm anufacturing __ ___________ __
Pu blic utilities 13 _________________
2

868
799
69
28

2.62
2.63
2.41
2.58

8
38
-

1
1
-

1
1
_
-

M ach in e-tool o p e r a to r s , t o o l r o o m ____
Manufactu ring
__ __ ____ ________

3,066
3, 065

M achinists, m a in te n a n c e __________ ____
M anufacturing ____________ ___ ______

P ip efitters, m a in te n a n c e ______________
M anufacturing _____________________ _

-

-

-

-

.

_
_
-

_
-

_
_
-

1
1
_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
.
-

_
_
-

2
_
-

_
_
-

1
_
-

1
1
_
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

56
16
40
4
28
5

38
8
30
13
6
1

22
22
13
3

44
9
35
29
6

176
30
146
136
2
5

525
279
246
202
44
-

224
105
119
76
25
18

315
275
40
26
8
6

22
17
5

2
2

76
76
-

15
12
3

37
30
7

58
49
9

78
46
32

172
148
24

6
6

16
16

144
144

182
182
520
519

219
219
1136
1129

1
-

20
19

18
18
2

1
1
1

16
16

68
68

321
321

383
383

81
81

18
18

4
4

12
12

23

3
3
1

7
7
5

19
9
10
-

5
5
1

104
54
50
1

58
54
4
1

6
5

4
4

71
65

60
60
324
322

~ T ~

17
17

5
1

-

5

8

4

8

5

10

3.29
3.30

3

4
4

2
1

14
4

229
229

141
141

3

3.49
3.49

17
17

42
42

-

107
107

180
18 b

312
312

59

3.12

Sheet-m etal w o rk e rs , m a in t e n a n c e ___
M anufacturing
__ ____ __ ____

396
382

T ool and die m a k e r s ____ _____________ _
Mflrmfa rhi ring

5,033
5, 032

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
All workers were at $ 1.60 to $ 1.70.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.




53
8
45
1
28
16

4
4

_

-

8
8
2
6
-

36
36
_
_
-

1
1
1

1

P lu m b e rs , m aintenance _______________

1
2
3
4

-

1

5

1

6

4.20

3.90

22
22
-

3.40

3.60

4.10

3.80

3
2
1

3.30

31
2
29

3

2
2
52
52
48
69
2

_ _

1013 2933 408
1013 2932 408

54
54

"
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
_
-

_
_
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

“
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

-

4

21
31

_
-

-

7
-

_

_

13

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Detroit, Mich., January 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccu p a tio n 1 and in du stry d iv isio n

Number
of.
workers

Average Under *1.00 S1.10 $1.20 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 *1.60 $1.70 *1.80 $1.90 *2.00 $2.10 *2.20 *2.30 *2.40 $2.50 *2.60 *2.70 $2.80 *2.90 *3.00 *3.10 *3.20 *3.30 *3.40
hourly 4
and
earnings &
and
1.00 under
1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 >1.60 1.70 1.80 1.9CL 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.79 2.80 2.90 3.Q9 3.10 3.20 3.30 ?.49 over

E levator o p e r a to r s , p a ssen g er
(men) —
__ - .
N onm anufacturing -___________________

180
84

$ 1.85
1.49

"

_
-

12
12

16
16

E levator o p e r a to r s , p a ssen g er
(wom en)
_
_ _____ ___
____ .
Nonm anufacturing __
________ ____
R etail trade _______________________
S e r v ic e s ----------------------------------------

597
597
204
122

1.30
1.30
1.13
1.32

12
12
12
■

96
96
96
■

50
50
32
18

71
71
20
“

2, 501
2, 208
293
73
178

2.70
2.75
2.30

-

-

-

-

-

2! 17

-

-

-

J a n itors, p o r t e r s , and cle a n e r s
(m en) , ______ _ __ _ _ _
_
_ ___
_
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________
N onm anufacturing
__ _______ __ „
P u b lic u tilities 3 __________________
W h olesale trade __________________
R eta il t r a d e _______________________
Pinanrp^
S e r v ic e s
____
__ _
____

9, 521
6, 769
2 ,752
338
152
1, 094
565
603

2.20
2.43
1.62
2.15
1.96
1.46
1.65
1.52

54
.
54
_
_
36

52
52
_
40

203
203
_
_
79

18

12

J an itors, p o r te r s , and c le a n e r s
(w om en) — _ -------- --- ------------ - -----M a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ____________________
P u b lic u tilities 3 __________________
R etail trade _______________________
F in an ce * _.__. _ __ ___
_
____
SArvir.fis

1, 509
346
1, 163
43
160
790
147

1.57
2.07
1.43
2.05
1.27
1.38
1.55

-

L a b o r e r s , m a teria l handling __________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________
N onm anufacturing
_____ ____ ____
P u b lic u tilities 3 __________________
W h olesale trade __________________
R etail trade -----------------------------------

10,290
6, 935
3, 355
1, 253
1,099
900

2.48
2.52
2.38
2.80
2.29
1.92

O rd er f il l e r s ____________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ___________ ________
W h olesale t r a d e __________________
R etail trade __'____________________

2, 777
1,201
1, 576
1, 097
406

2.46
2.61
2.35
2.33
2.38

Guardg ___________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________
N onm anufacturing

See footnotes at end of table.




-’
_ •
_

-

-

2
2

-

7
7

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

8
8

8
8

28
28

23
23

28
6 •
22

8

25

19

16

61
29
32
21
11

68
15
53

6

10
3
7
1
5

304
22
282
7
7
81
97
90

520
102
418
3
5
77
206
127

161
11
150
1
18
30
87
14

120
44
76
7
4
25
31
9

124
36
88
18
17
19
17
17

336
80
256
157
6
64
6
23

187
101
86
35
21
12
18

587
72
515
8
31
435
41

83
21
62
13
10
39

17
9
8
4
»
2
2

11
9
2
_
1
1

5
5
-•

32
30
2
2

28
3
25
5

9
9
_

62

9
9

3
3

54
18

2
2

2
2

153
186
153 “ 18?
25
19
102
2

5
5

14
1.4

-

-

2
2

6
6

-

-

2"1

124

205
205
9
150
6
40

240
18
222
6
135
26
55

456
20
436
18
322
74
22

34

72

28

-

-

-

34
20
-

14

13
13

72
45
16
11

28
9
15
4

367
367
41
311
15

-

-

50

56
56

85
85

54
54

38
_
38

62

27
2
25

32
3
29

108
53
55

186
179
7

621
224
397

"

44

50

85

54

38

62

25

20
9

20
35

_
6

.

.

15

45

3

n

5

4

136

45

-

45
36
3

3
.
3

11

5

-

15
15

-

-

136
135

45
45

11

5

4
_
4

-

-

-

1
■

"

-

"

"

"

-

-

■

-

53
50
3
3

627
601
26
24

159
158
1

1073
1046
27

121
121
-

5
5
-

-

-

-

-

53

229
174
55
22
33

240
217
23
4
6
1
3
9

683
£>62
21
19
2
-

3661 1639
3542 1602
37
119
23
61
52
5
6

108
102
6
3
2
1

189
174
15

7
4
3

32
32
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

2

_
-

-

-

-

.
_

_
-

_
-

-

-

9

-

13

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

54
51
3
_

73
49
24
24

24
24
-

53
53
_

24
3
21
_

8
8
.

_
_

_

-

-

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

1963 2737 1773
1697 2324 1725
413
266
48
18
117
18
145
25
29
166
120

107
67
50
9
41

624
129
495
399
96

749
77
672
630
42

_
_
.
_

_
_
_
_

7
7
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

563
339
224
148
75

425
415
10
10

202
117
85
85

_
_
_

_
_
_

15
15
_
_

_
_
_

_

21

-

50

59
"

322
74

497
81
416
3
346
67

216
139
77
18
13
46

169
111
58
39
19

187
3
184
157
27

142
_
142
86
56

59
29
30
15
15

188
109
79
61
18

118
83
35
35

614
91
523
284
173

.
_
-•
-

129
127
2
2

_

14

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Detroit, Mich., January 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$ . $
$
$
$
$
$
Average
hourly ? Under 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40
earnings $
and
and
1.00 under
1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3f40 o v e r

O ccupation 1 and industry div isio n

Number
of
workers

P a ck ers, shipping (men) ____
______
M anufacturing ______________________
Nonm anufacturing __________________
W holesale trade ________ ____ __

1, 583
1, 283
300
267

$2.4 6
2.51
2.22
2.27

P a ck ers, shipping (wom en) -----------------M anufacturing ________ ____________
Nonm anufacturing __________________

429
359
70

2.26
2.44
1.32

R eceiving c le r k s _______________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ________________ __
W holesale trade __________________

592
433
159
77

2.61
2.69
2.38
2.58

Shipping c le r k s _________________________
M anufacturing ______________________
. Nonm anufacturing __________________
W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade ______________________

709
569
140
68
68

2.69
2.74
2.49
2.66
2.29

Shipping and r eceiv in g cle r k s _________
M anufacturing ______________________
Nonm anufacturing __ ____ _________
Pu blic u tilities 3 _________________
W holesale trade ___________ ! _____
_

1.599
1, 333
266
108
103

2.61
2.62
2.55
2.68
2.45

T r u c k d r iv e r s 5 _________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ________________ _
PiiKlir u tilities
jruuiic iitilifiAo ^
W holesale t r a d e ____ ___ ______
R eta il trade ____ ___ __
____
vi r Aft

T ru c k d riv e r s , light (under
1^/2 tons) _______ __ _______ ________ _
M anufacturing ___________________
N onm anufacturing _______________

T ru c k d riv e r s , m edium (1V2 to and
including 4 tons) __________________
M anufacturing ___________________
Nonm anufacturing _______________
Pu blic u tilities 3 _____________
W holesale trade ______________
R eta il trade __________________

See footnotes at end of table,




6,
2,
4,
1
l!

2
2
■

17
_
17
14
31

“

15
15
7

59
54
5
■

13

-

10

"

4

31

~

13

10

9

"

-

-

.
-

.
-

10
10

.
-

2
2

3
3

18
16
2
2

_
“

_
“

6
6
6

1
1
■

61
42
19
18
1

_
-

.
■

.
-

21
13
8
8
“

63
63
-

_
“

1
1
1

_
“

9
3
6
6

1127 713
71
685
442 642
Q
9
134 530
96
299
7

1780
56
1724
1512
2
210

90
90

_
-

_
-

231
231
-

90
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

46
10
36

~

-

-

- ”

~

“

226
215
11
4
7

24
24
17

112
12
100
100
-

-

-

*231
231

227
225
2
“

107
34
73
73

712
624
88
88

197
197
“

25
25
-

-

■

“

19
16
3

13
13

261
261

15
15

16
16

13
13

-

!
1
-

13
13
10

5
5
1

20
15
5
"

20
20
9

73
45
28
17

30
23
7
-

66
53
13
7

274
265
9
“

25
6
19
18

9
8
1
-

19
1
18
12
6

40
10
30
30

34
10
24
23
1

9
8
1
-

9
4
5
5

42
36
6
6

436
428
8
8

38

16

38

16
12
4

19
16
3
-

38
9
29
4
8

43
43
-

569
511
58
1
40

640
624
16
11
2

100
34
66
58
5

9
9

46
46

125
16
109

57
31
26
6

_
8

153
54
99
18

9
37

99
1
6

137
15
122
3
100
12
7

18

81

468
150
318
163
112
15
28

952
515
437
121
295
12
9

793
686
107
16
6
5
80

7
7

25
16
9

7
7

11
11

17
17

11
5
6

36
25
11

22
22
-

41
3
38
3
35

42
31
11
11

107
25
82
1
81

403
123
280
129
108
15

260
211
49
41
8

42
41
1
1

5
5

9
9
5

2

5

-

2
2

5
5

!

2

1

2

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

"

-

2
2

-

-

-

1

-

_
-

-

-

9
9

28
28

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
9

7
16

_
_

_
_

2.40
2.58
2.30

“

-

“

■

■

9
9

14
14

1
1

5
5

7
7

1
-

"

2.70
2.87
2.49
2.74
2.33
2.33

_

_

.

_

_

_

14

_

-

_

-

39

100

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

7
7

-

-

-

-

39
9
30

100
99

1,641
892
749
274
237
153

.
-

25
16
9
■

_
_

219
78
141

.
-

12
12
12

_
-

2.81
2.80
2.81
2.94
2.71
2.73
2.66

-

13
13
13

j
1

731
510
221
857
384
819
139

~

5
5
“

13
13
13

25
25
•

9

9
9
7

29
29
27

36

"
4

-

5
5

7
7
_
2

1

1

43
30
13
13

73
73
~

“

~

-

-

6
4
2
1

6
5
1
1

21
8
13
13
-

19
13
6
2
"

39
17
22
14
1

“

”

-

• -

-

-

-

-

-

15

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Detroit, Mich., January 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation 1 and in du stry d iv isio n
2

of
workers

$
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
hourly ■ Under 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90
>
earnings
and
1
under
1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00

$

$

$

$

$

$

2.00

2.10

2.20

2.30

2.40

2.10

2.20

2.30

2.40

2.50

$
$
$
S
$
$
$
%
%
2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40
and
2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 over

2.50

T r u c k d riv e r s : 5 6 Continued
—
7
T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
tr a ile r type) ________________________
M anufacturing ___________________
N onm anufacturing _____ _
____
Pu blic u tilities 34 ___________________
W h olesale trade _____ _____ __
iv c la lX ir a u u

••••••••••••••••■••>•••

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
other than t r a ile r type) _______________
N onm anufacturing _______________

3,429
723
2,7 0 6
1,468
862
370

$2.89
2.81
2.91
2.99
2.78
2.93

161
54
107

2.81
2.52
2.95

T r u c k e r s , pow er (fork lift) ---------------------------M anufacturing _______
_
__ __ __
N onm anufacturing ____ _____ _____ ___
W h olesale trad e _________________________
R eta il trade ______________________________

4, 816
4 ,4 6 6
350
198
111

2.61
2.61
2.63
2.63
2.56

T r u c k e r s , pow er (oth er than
fo rk lift)
.________ ___ ___________
M anufacturing _ _____ ___________ _

474
340

2.67
2.80

W atchm en _______________________________

912

1.57
2.13
1.45
1.43

M anufacturing ----------------------------------N onm anufacturing -----------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

746
644

8
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

77

-

3
3

-

-

77

-

-

-

10
10

-

-

_

.

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

.

.

.

_

.

!

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

2

62

13

104

14
13
1

-

-

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

465

-

-

-

-

62
43

13
9

104
98

465
450

1

-

1

-

”

58
28
30
30
"

-

1

-

-

-

-

6

44
15
29
7

18
-

18
13

28
14
14
2

22
18
4

-

-

-

-

17
17
-

-

65
12

8

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.
All workers were at $ 3.40 to $ 3.50.
Workers were distributed as follows: 43 at $3.40 to $3.50; 14 at $3.60 to $3.70; 5 at $3.70 to $3.80.




-

8

50
48
2
2

_

12
12

86
64
22

41
16
25
25

382 491
8 463
374
28
78
16
284
6
12

94
38

477
57
420
9
321
90

1596
44
1552
1340
2
210

9
6
3

9

46

9

1429 2604 396
1374 2498 309
55
106
87
38
47
59
28
59
-

-

-

27
26
1

16
16

48
48

-

-

-

22

-

“

2

124
8

2
1

18
18

227
227

13
5

4

28
12
16
8

20
20

-

7
7

-

-

-

11

-

-

-

-

11
9

4
3

264
132
132

90

_

_

_

-

-

_

90

_

_

48

-

_

_

_

46

48

■

“

"

"

24
24

24

14
14

1
1

_

24

-

-

-

_

-

-

101
77
24
24
"

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

2
2

-

13
13

-

-

-

7 62
62

-

11
11

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"
6
4
2

-

90
-




Appendix A: Changes in Occupational Descriptions

stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.

Since the Bureau's last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A-l are not comparable to data presented in last
year's bulletin.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

17




Appendix B: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in*
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C lass A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)—U se s a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C lass B —Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (hookkeeping machine)—
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C lass A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’s business transactions. W
ork involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

19

20

CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C lass B —
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C lass A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.

B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.
C lass

C lass C —Performs

routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g.., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers9orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the follow in g:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

21

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C/oss /l—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

CZoss 6 —
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and



SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters fromgeneral
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

22

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this workerfs time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C lass A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
D oes not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C lass B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small, tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and^distributing incoming mail.

C lass A—
Performs one or more o f the follow in g: Typing ma­
terial in final formwhen it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B—
Performs one or more o f the follow in g: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

23

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination o f the follow ing: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature*
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina •
tion o f the follow in g: Giving first aid to die ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicant^
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. W
ork involves most o f the follow ing:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter required rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




24

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. W
ork
involves most o f the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’s handtools and measuring and testin g instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance elctricians requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship of
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. H ead or c h ief engineers in esta b lish ments employing more than one engineer are excluded .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. W
ork involves m ost o f the follow in g: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. W
ork
involves m ost o f the follow in g: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

25

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m ost o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.



OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in volves the follow ing: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, die work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

26

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers;making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

repairing building sanitation or beating sy s te m s are exclu ded.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. W
ork involves m ost o f the follow in g: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. W
ork
involves most o f the follow ing: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gate-




men who are station ed at gate and ch eck on iden tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
other persons entering.

27

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the follow ing:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may in volve one or more o f
the follow in g: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsipr or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. P ackers who a lso make
wooden b o xe s or crates are exclu ded .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are exclu ded .

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers9 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform dther related duties.



SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work in v o lv e s: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. R eceivin g
work in v o lv e s : Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R eceivin g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receivin g clerk

28

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r iv e r s ale smen and over-the^road drivers

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

are excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination
Truckdriver, light (under
Truckdriver, medium (1%
Truckdriver, heavy (over
Truckdriver, heavy (over




o f s i z e s listed separately)
1% tons)
to and including 4 tons)
4 tons, trailer type)
4 tons, other than trailer type)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
GPO 9 27 57 f


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102