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MINNEAPOLIS—ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA

JANUARY 1962

Bulletin No. 1303-36




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
MINNEAPOLIS—ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA




JANUARY 1962

Bulletin No. 1303-36
March 1962
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
E w a n C la g u e , C o m m issio n e r

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents/ U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 2 5, D .C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The L abor M arket Occupational Wage Survey P rogram
The B ureau of L a b or Statistics annually conducts
occu pation al wage su rveys in 82 labor m arkets.
The
studies p rov id e data on occupational earnings and related
supplem entary b en efits. A p relim in a ry rep ort furnishing
trend data and average earnings is relea sed within a month
o f the com p letion o f each study.
This bulletin p rovides
additional data not included in the prelim in a ry rep ort.

Introduction ______________________________________________________________
Wage trends fo r selected occupational groups _________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.
3.

Two bulletins, brin gin g together the results o f a ll
o f the a rea su rv ey s, a re issu ed after com pletion o f the
final a rea bulletin in the cu rren t round o f su rveys. The
fir s t of these bulletins w ill be available late in 1962 and the
other e a rly in 1963.
During the survey year, sum m ary
r e le a s e s presen tin g a re a w ide occupational earnings data
fo r 25 to 30 la b or m ark ets, are issued as data b ecom e
available.
This bulletin was p rep ared in the B ureau's r e ­
gional o ffic e in C hicago, 111., by Kenneth Thorsten, under
the d ire ctio n of E lliott A. B row a r. The study was under
the gen eral d ire ctio n o f W oodrow C. Linn, A ssistant R e ­
gional D ir e c to r fo r W ages and Industrial R elations.




1
3

A:

E stablishm ents and w o rk e rs within scop e of su rvey ___________
P ercen ts o f in cre a se in standard w eekly sa la ries and
stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected
occupational groups _____________________________________________
Indexes of standard w eekly sa la ries and straigh t-tim e
hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupational groups, and
p ercen ts of in cre a se fo r se le cted p eriod s _____________________
Occupational earnings : *
A - 1. O ffice occupations— en and w om en ______________________
m
A - 2. P ro fe ssio n a l and tech n ical occupations— en
m
and wom en _______________________________________________
A -3 . O ffice, p ro fe ssio n a l, and tech n ical
occupations— en and wom en com bined _________________
m
A -4 . M aintenance and pow erplant occupations _________________
A - 5. C ustodial and m a teria l m ovem ent occupations __________

A pp en d ixes:
A. Changes in occupational d escrip tion s ___________________________
B. Occupational d e scrip tion s ________________________________________

* NOTE: S im ilar tabulations fo r these item s and a lso tab­
ulations on establishm ent p ra ctice s and supplem entary
wage p ro v isio n s are available in p rev iou s area rep orts
fo r M inneapolis-St. Paul and for other m a jo r a rea s.
A
d ir e c to r y indicating the areas, dates of study, and p rice s
of these rep orts is available upon request.
C urrent rep orts on occupational earnings and
supplem entary wage p r a ctice s in the M inneapolis—
St. Paul
area are a lso available fo r the m achinery in du stries (May
1961), con tra ct cleaning s e r v ic e s (August 1961), life in su r­
ance (June 1961), and m iscella n eou s p la stics products
(F eb ru a ry I960).
Union s ca le s , indicative of prevailing
pay le v e ls, are available for the follow ing trades or in ­
d u strie s:
Building con stru ction, printing, lo ca l-tra n sit
operating em p loyees, and m otortru ck d riv e rs and h elp ers.

iii

2

4
4
5
9
10
12
13
17
19




Occupational Wage Survey— Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.
Introduction

are presented (in the A -series tables) for the following types of occu­
pations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U.S. De­
partment of Labor’ s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys
of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an area basis.
The bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i . e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

In each area, data are obtained from representative establish­
ments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations
and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having
fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of
the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (l) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this
basis. Longer average service of men would result in higher average
pay when both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
pe rformed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, except
for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data




1




T a ble 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m ber studied in M in n eapolis—
St. P a u l, M in n ., 1
by m a jo r in d u stry d iv isio n , 2 Jan uary 1962
N um ber o f e stablish m en ts
W ithin
scope of
study 3

Industry d iv isio n

AU

d iv is io n s

_________________________________________________________

M anufacturin g ____________________________________________ _________
N onm anufacturing ___________________________________________ ______
T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th er
p u b lic u t i l i t i e s

4
3
2
15

____

_______

____ _

W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________ __ __________ ___________ ____ _____
Re tail trade ______________________________ ___________________ __________ __________
F in a n ce , in su ra n ce , and r e a l estate ___________________________
S e r v ic e s 5’ 6 ________________________________________________ _______

1,

Studied

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin
scope o f
study

Studied

068

261

258, 600

162, 220

426
642

96
165

120, 800
137, 800

76, 430
8 5 ,7 9 0

111
149
200
93
89

34
40
41
29
21

4 1 ,4 0 0
21, 200
41, 400
21, 500
12, 300

3 1 ,9 8 0
1 0 ,1 4 0
2 6 ,7 3 0
13, 300
3, 640

1 The M in n e a p o lis—
St. P aul Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tica l A r e a c o n s is t s o f Anoka, D akota, Hennepin, R a m sey , and W ash in gton C ou n ties. The
" w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e o f study" e s tim a te s show n in this table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a ccu ra te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r
f o r c e in clu d ed in the su rv e y .
The e s tim a te s a re not intended, h o w e v e r, to s e r v e as a b a sis o f c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er a r e a e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to
m e a s u r e em p lo ym e n t tren ds o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e o f esta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in adva n ce o f
the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts are e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the su rvey.
2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed itio n o f the Standard In d u strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m en ts by in d u s try d iv is io n . M a jor
changes fr o m the e a r lie r ed itio n (u se d in the B u re a u 's la b o r m a rk e t w age su r v e y s con du cted p r io r to July 1958) a re the t r a n s fe r o f m ilk p a s t e u r i­
zation plants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te e sta b lis h m e n ts fr o m trade (w h o le sa le o r r e t a il) to m anufacturin g, and the tr a n s fe r o f r a d io and te le v is io n
b ro a d c a s tin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 In clu des all esta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t at o r above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n (50 e m p lo y e e s ).
A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) o f
c o m p a n ie s in such in d u strie s as tra d e , fin a n ce , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o t io n -p ic t u r e theaters are c o n s id e r e d as 1 esta b lis h m e n t.
4 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en ta l to w a ter tra n s p o rta tio n w e r e e xclu d ed .
5 H o te ls; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; non p rofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s ; and e n g in e e rin g
and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .
6 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n on m an u factu rin g" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s . S ep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n
o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m ploym en t in the d iv isio n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data
to m e r it se p a ra te study, (2) the sam p le w as not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it se p a ra te p resen tation , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to
p e r m it se p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f individual esta b lish m en t data.

3
Wage Trends for Selected O ccupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percents of change in salaries of
office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average earnings
of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
cents of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The per­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The of­
fice clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; me­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average sal­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average employ­
ment in the job during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted
earnings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an ag­
gregate for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for the one year to the aggregate for the other year was
computed and the difference between the result and 100 is the percent
of change from the one period to the other.
The percent of change measures, principally, the effects of
(1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers
employed by establishments with different pay levels. Changes in the
labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect.
The movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
occurred in other area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime,
since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new trend
series (table 2). This series initiated with the expansion of the labor market
wage survey programs to 82 areas will replace the old series (1953 base) shown
in table 3. Changes in the jobs surveyed and job descriptions since the start of
the old series called for a reexamination of the jobs and job groupings for which
trends were to be computed.
The new series covers the same job groupings as the earlier series with
the following exceptions: The women clerical group is replaced by an office
clerical group (men and women) and the industrial nurse category includes both
men and women. Changes were also made in the jobs included within job group­
ings in order that an identical list could be employed in all areas.

4

T a b le 2. P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e in standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and str a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r
s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in M in n ea p olis—
St. P a u l, M in n., January 1961 to Jan uary 1962
Jan uary I960
to
Jan uary 1961

Jan uary 1961
to
Jan uary 1962

In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l group

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w om en ) -----------------------------In d u stria l n u r s e s (m e n and w om en ) -------------------------S k ille d m ain ten an ce (m en ) ----------------------------------------U n s k ille d plant (m en ) -------------------------------------------------

3.4
5.1
3.7
4.5

M an ufacturin g:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w o m e n ) --------------------------—
In d u stria l n u r s e s (m e n and w om en ) — -------------------S k ille d m ain ten an ce (m en ) ----------- --------------------------U n sk illed plant (m en ) -------------------------------------------------

T a b le 3.

3.3
2.7
3.5
4.0
4.2
1.6
3.8
4.0

3.1
5.1
3.8
3.6

In dexes o f standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l grou ps in M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n.,
Jan uary 1961 and Jan uary 1962, and p e r c e n ts o f in c re a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
In dexes
(N o v e m b e r 1952 s 100)

In d u stry and oc c u p a tio n a l group

Jan uary
1962

January
1961

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s fr o m —
Jan uary 1961 Jan uary I960 Jan uary 1959 January 1958 M a rch 1957 D e ce m b e r 1955 N o v e m b e r 1954 N o v e m b e r 1953 N ov em b er 1952
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
D e c e m b e r 1955 N o v e m b e r 1954 N o v e m b e r 1953
Jan uary 1962 Jan uary 1961 Jan uary I960 January 1959 Jan uary 1958 M a r c h 1957

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (w om en) ______ _______
In d u stria l n u r s e s (w om en ) ___________
S k illed m ain ten an ce (m en ) ___________
U n sk illed plant (m en) ________________

141.9
149.6
146.9
154.6

137.7
145.7
142.0
148.7

3.1
2.7
3.5
4.0

3.3
5.1
3.6
4.3

3.2
3.5
3.4
3.9

3.4
3.7
4.6
4.9

3.0
3.8
4.1
5.1

6.3
5.3
5.3
6.4

3.8
3.4
4.9
4.9

3.3
4 .3
3.3
4.9

6.3
9.4
6.6
6.4

M an ufacturin g:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w om en) _____________
In d u strial n u rs e s (w om en) ___________
S k illed m ain ten an ce (m en ) ___________
U n sk illed plant (m en ) ________________

140.8
147.6
144.6
148.7

135.1
145.3
139.4
143.1

4.2
1.6
3.7
3.9

3.2
5.7
3.6
3.6

3.3
2.9
3.3
3.3

3.1
3.6
4.1
5.5

3.0
4.4
4.4
4.1

5.3
5.3
5.1
5.4

3.4
2.0
5.4
4.2

3.6
5.0
1.4
4.8

5.8
9.4
6.7
5.8




A: Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M inneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., January 1962)
Average
S e x , o c c u p a tio n , a n d in d u s tr y d iv i s io n

Number
of
workers

$
4 0 .0 0

Weekly
Weekly
hours1
earnings1
(Standard) (Standard) u n der
4 5 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

$
$
$
5 0 .0 0 5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0

"

"

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0
-

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

M en
_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

8 5 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

_

_

-

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 8 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

-

-

-

50

3 9 .5

9 9 .5 0

_

_

_

O f f ic e b o y s _
_
________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________ __________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __________ ____________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ______________________
W h o l e s a l e tr a d e _______________________
F i n a n c e 3 ______ ________________________

311
89
222
55
75
57

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

6 0 .0 0
5 7 .0 0
6 1 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
5 8 .0 0
5 1 .5 0

4
4
3
_

T a b u l a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A ________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________
F i n a n c e 3 _____________________________ _

157
64
93
60

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

T a b u l a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ______________________________ ________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________ ____________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ______________________
W h o l e s a l e tr a d e _______________________
F in a n c e 3 --------------------------------------------------

297
98
199
55
61
65

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C ________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________
F i n a n c e 3 ______________________ ______

151
117
80

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________
R e t a i l tr a d e ____________________________

162
140
58

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e ) ______________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________

108
92

4 0 .5
4 1 .0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A ______________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ______________________
W h o l e s a l e tr a d e _______________________

583
212
371
180
1 24

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$ 1 0 1 .5 0
9 8 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0
9 2 .5 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c l a s s B ______________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ______________________
W h o l e s a l e tr a d e _______________________

288
109
179
84
71

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

C l e r k s , o r d e r _______ ______________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________
W h o l e s a l e tr a d e _______________________

517
1 13
404
3 52

_______________________________

C le r k s ,

p a y r o ll

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF
i
1
$
$
$
$
%
%
$
$
$
'$
$
7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0
!
“
■
“
■
~
■
■
!
7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 ' 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0
!
i
i
!
1
i

_

3
3
_

9
5
4
_

13
4
9
-

-

3

4

6

-

1
1
1

4
4
4

21
1
20
8
8

20
3
17
1
12

11
11
9
-

28
15
13
7
3

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

13
13
13

3
3
3

37
6
31
26

29
6
23
23

1

1

1

9

-

-

_

30
6
24
_
21

51
28
23
8

,
j

12

;

!

45
30

33
9
24
6
6

!
|

55
19
36
3
23

,
!
!
i
i
j
|
I
!
1

82
45
37
10

;

88
40
48
28
i°

;
i
I
|
!
;
j
j
!

14

19
15
4

18
1
17
12
5
37
2
35
29

\
1
1
!

39
11
28
20

58
29
29
24

7

1

7

3

'

15

!

33
14

j

15
1
12

42
31
11
2
7

I
|

51
51
46

42
18
24
24

!
i

n
21
21

65
10
55
55

i

1

5

!

i

3

3
1
2
1
_

33
33
33
-

6
6
3
2

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

8
8
8

7
3
4
4

18
9
9
9

21
10
11
10

17
15
2

35
11
24
5
4
13

1

37

i

27

!

11
26
18
4

!
!
1

i
26
22
4

9
-

;

-

59
29
30
24
1

i
|
!

!

42
14
28
14
7
32

1

14
9
5

j
!

_
-

9
6
3

-

i
1
1

!

i
j
;
!

!
!
i
i

15
i
14
14

!

-

■
!
:
1
'

„

26
l
25
16

_
_
_
!
j

33
11
22
2
10
8

54
13
41
2
22
3

23
14
9
4
3

-

96
46
50
28
13

-

14
1
13
7
4
2

1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8 9 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

_
_

_

_

_
_

-

-

-

15
2
13
2
6
5

20
8
12
2
7
2

22
8
14
-

-

5
1
4
_
_
4

9
4

30
15
15
3
11

7 3 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
6 8 .0 0

-

-

-

-

3
2
2

21
20
19

23
21
12

11
11
8

28
25
21

17
8
8

14
11
8

6 3 .5 0
6 3 .0 0
5 9 .0 0

.
-

!

13
13
10

26
26
7

22
17
6

41
39
24

22
18
8

23
12
1

2
2
1

2
2
1

!
1

6 4 .5 0
6 5 .0 0

1
1

24
20

4
2

37
35

- 19

10
10

6
6

-

|
;
|

1

-

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

|
'

10
1

2
2
2

.
-

.
_

_

1

_

_

-

10
1
9

i
!

13
2
11
n

!
;

-

I

3

9
8
i

;

-

|

i
1

.

_

-

|
i

i
1

|
1
!

.
_
_
_

-

4

!

45
3
42
6
31

12
11
1
1

_

-

i

and

-

_

;
i

i
!
j

i

-

|

_
-

6

-

-

1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 o v e r
1

76
16
60
47

43
2
41
30
11

$
%
$
$
$
1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0

.

_

_

-

-

i

1
_
1

_
_
-

6

-

-

-

-

-

_
.
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

i
j

-

!

i
1

i
!

_
!

-

i

!

-

1

13
4
9
7

15
6
9
5

18
9
9
5

22
5
17
7

9
2
7
4

47
11
36
7
13
14

55
19
36
15
8
5

43
13
30
22
4
2

19
8
11
5
5

5
1
4
2
2

1
1
_
_

_
_
_

_
-

_

_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
9
2

14
4

8
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

8
8

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

.
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

i

;

6
_

W om en

i

See footn otes at end o f table.




-

-

1

11

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , M inneapolis—
St. Paul, M inn., January 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of
workers

$
$
$
s
S
S
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
S
t
$
70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
and
”
“
“
"
"
~
*
■
■
~
70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 _2P.OO 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.001120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 o v e r
'1
----------- !
!
i
j
1

s
$
$
$
W
eekly| W
eekly j 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard) under
“
~
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00

65.00

W omen— Continued
B ookkeeping-m achine op e ra to rs,
c la s s A ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade __________________
B ookkeeping-m achine op e ra to rs,
c la s s B ________________________________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade ______________________
C lerk s, accounting, cla s s A ___________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u tilit ie s 2
W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade ______________________
Finance 3

185
136
63

$77.00
74.50
79.50

-

62.00
70.50
60.00
72.50
66.50
64.00
54.00

39.5
39.5
40.0

-

142

_
_

_
2
137

958
186
772
47
193
133
381

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.0

713
183
530
108
119
108
142

39.5
84.00
39.5
86.00
39.5
83.00
40.0
91.50
39.5 1 83.00
78.50
40.0
38.5
81.50

_
.
_
_

-

1, 886
313
1, 573
363
215
294
637

C lerk s, file , c la s s A 4 _________________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
F in a n ce3 __________________________

180
74
106
60

C lerk s, file , c la s s B 4
.
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u t ilit ie s 2
W holesale trade
R etail trade ______________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________

1,026
147
879
89
121
148
486

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
38.5

C lerk s, file , cla s s C 4 _________________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u t ilit ie s 2
F in a n ce3
.... _

374
80
294
37
181

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.0

C lerk s, ord er __________________________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade ______________________

See footnotes at end o f table.




345
116
229
116
58

39.0
39.0
39.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
38.0

66.00
67.50
65.50
69.50
67.50
61.50
! 64.50

13
13
_
_
13
_

39.0
69.50
39.0 ! 71.50
39.0 I 68.50
!
38.5 1 65.00
|

-

_
:
:
1

- i

,
i
|
:

4
4

49.50
52.50
49.00
53.00
47.50

5
5

39.5 ! 69.50
39.0 ' 75.00
67.00
40.0
40.0 ! 71.50
55.00
40.0

_
4
-

2
2
2

2

12
12
9

54
49
3

24
13
6

8
8
64

228
30
198
10
77
46
65

159
31
128
12
54
43
19

64
30
34
3
18
7
6

4
_
4
2

24
_
24
1

2

9
10

75
4
71
9
8
35
16

335
60
275
84
38
65
79

138
5—
123
4
13
16
90

355
45
310
85
35
50
96

6
1
5
5

111
13
98

T ~ hT

139

_
_
_

13 j 35
10 ! 24
10
! 19
44
23
21
8
9
4
_

42
! 26
| 16
i
1 11

95
7
88
9
34
10
29

40 3
70
333
38
46
82
159

44
6
38
26

200
22
178
23
27
21
87

97
28
69

15
11
4

12
5
7
2
-

!
;

1
1

25
13

1
1
1

| 10

6 ;
5
1

8
4
4
1

10
1
I
!

10
9

3
1
-

j
7
3 i
3 |

_

6
6
-

_ I
- !
-

-

_ ■
- j
-

_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

|

5

1
_
_

2
_

_

122
43
79
16
10
4
29

69
31
38
4
7
19
2

101
42
59
6
i 24
;
5
14

68
16
52
13
14
7
15

47
17
30
4
3
18
5

180
27
153
33
6
23
91

128
43
85
33
7
7
37

71
23
48
9
11
1
27

|
i

63
20
43
5
20
10
6

30
2
28
13
10
_
5

14 j 26
1
26
13
24
10
2
3
_
_
_

45
26
19
14

47
23
24
7

15
11
4
1

10
4
6
1

5
2
3
1

1
1
-

3
3
1

-

68
23
45
1
6
17
21

37
14
23
6
17
-

28
5
23
10
7
_
6

4
2
2
2

7
7
7

2
2
2

4
4
4

3
3
3

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

5
3
2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_
3
3
-

j
1
1
-

1

!
i
1
|

79
1
78
17
16
45

!
I
;
j
!
:

179
21
158
22
17
27
92

- !

4
4

j
!
405
1 167
3 ! 50
164
355
6
24
4
39
47
59
104
221

234
103
! 33
28
j 201 j 75
9 : 24
163 | 16
11 • 30
- ! 10
n i 20
- ;
16

1 !
1

!

23
5
18
15

21
_
47

87
5
1 82

53
10

i
|
1
;

37
18
19
9
3

_
28
10
18
16

1

49
27

46
17

22

29

18
-

12
-

16
16
-

5
5
-

^
1
-

35
_
35
12
6 i
17

16
2
14
10
4
-

3

' 49
20
! 29
1 16
i
I 8
1 1
i
3

_
_

7
7
4
3
_

-

\

4

56.50
60.50
56.00
65.50
59.50
53.00
54.50

5
5
2

-

'

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B ___________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u tilit ie s 2
W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade ______________________
Finance 3

4
4

1
i
!

3
3

.
i
I
!

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_
_ i

2
1
1
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

.
_
-

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
.
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_

_

_

i

_
_ ,

1
!

_

-

4
~
4
4

2
2
2
-

|

-

_
_

i
-

1

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
3
3
-

_
_
_
_

1
1
1
-

1
1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

.
_
-

.
_
_

_

_

-

-

_

-

2
2

_

_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

_

_

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M inneapolis—
St. Paul, M inn., January 1962)
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

$
$
Weekly,
Weekly . 4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard) u and
nder
4 5 .0 0 5 0 .0 0

$
$
$
8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

1
10

85
37
48
8
7
13

109
55
54
5
10
20

no
6i
49
6
5
34

48
29
19
6
2
10

44
23
21
7
13

51
21
30
7
16

26
13
13
6
6

-

-

-

82
9
73
1
30
32
10

109
16
93

109
26
83

36
7
29

54
28
11

47
32
4

43
18
25
1
14
8
2

31
6
25
15
5
1

13

9

5

4

$

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

$
$
$
S
t
$
$
S
$
js
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0
and

1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 *1 4 0 .0 0 il4 5 .0 0 :

over

W om en— Continued
C lerk s, p a y roll ________________
M anufacturing ______________
Nonm anufacturing __________
Pu blic u tilities 2 ________
W holesale trade _________
Retail trade _____________

5 89
2 55 “
3 33
103
73
95

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

$ 7 5 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
8 0 .5 0
6 7 .5 0

C om ptom eter op era tors _______
M anufacturing ______________
Nonm anufacturing __________
Pu blic u tilities 2 ________
W holesale trade _________
Retail trade _____________
F in a n ce 3 --------------------------

628
138
490
71
204
128
83

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

7 2 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
6 5 .0 0

D uplicating-m ach ine op era to rs
(M im eograph or Ditto) _______

53

3 9 .5

6 3 .5 0

Keypunch op e ra to rs , cla s s A 4
M anufacturing ______________
Nonm anufacturing __________
Pu blic u tilities 2 ________

167
72
95
29

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 3 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s B 4
M anufacturing ______________
N onm anufacturing __________
Pu blic u tilities 2 ________
W holesale trade _________
R etail trade _____________
F in a n ce 3 _________________

1, 185
392
793
2 69
116
54
3 48

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

6 7 .0 0
6 6 .0 0
6 8 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
6 6 .5 0
6 1 .0 0
5 9 .5 0

O ffice g irls _____________________
M anufacturing ______________
Nonm anufacturing __________
R etail trade _____________
F in a n ce 3 _________________

380
63
317
50
2 18

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

5 1 .0 0
5 1 .5 0
5 1 .0 0
5 2 .0 0
4 9 .0 0

S e cre ta rie s _____________________
M anufacturing ______________
N onm anufacturing __________
P u blic u tilities 2 ________
W holesale t r a d e _________
R etail trade _____________
F in a n ce 3

2 , 6 70
1, 103
1, 5 67
2 72
400
221
5 68

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

8 6 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

Stenographers, g e n e r a l4
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing -----Pu blic utilities 2 __
W holesale t r a d e ___
Retail trade _______
F in a n ce 3 ----------------

2 , 2 82
831
1, 4 51
4 91
325
2 24
3 59

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

7 1 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
6 6 .0 0
6 2 .5 0

7

10

-

_

-

_

7

_

-

-

2
4

10
3
2
3

_

29
13
16
_

-

-

_

10

34
3
31

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
9

12
7
12

66
17
49
1
16
18
14

2

9

8

10

_

.

3

-

-

-

_

_

3

7
1
6

-

-

-

45
4
41

_

30
12
18
6

22
13
9

-

34
19
15
3

1 86
56
1 30
18
12
16
84

284
108
1 76
30
25
8
1 07

1 88
94
94
27
15
10
42

119
63
56
18
15
3
20

57
35
22
3
12
3
4

4

1

-

-

-

-

13

1

4

-

4
1

-

-

6

-

-

-

155
36
119
24
21
34
33

252
87
165
22
33
4
101

440
214
226
39
56
52
59

_

_

_

8
3
30

13
3
10

204
25
1 79
14
1 50

98
27
71
17
48

42
11
31
15
4

_

_

_

28

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

28
2
_
_

_

13
-

13

-

-

-

14

71
7
64
24
12
12
8

_
_
_
_

11

1 02
32
70
10

238
61
177
h5
27
17
94

502
191
311
35
85
84
107

_

_
_
_

-

11
_
-

i
5
U
1 36

- 1
11

_

24
4
20
8

1 06
15
91
8
12
10
61

_

_

14

7
1
21

.

28
3
25
24
1

4

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

14
9
5

3
3

4
4

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

60
3
57
52
5

4

41
30
11

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

11

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

-

-

3

_

20
1
19
15
2
1

.

.

.

-

4
1
3

_

3

i

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

.

!

4

1

-

-

2
1
1
1

.

!

.

-

1

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

19
7
12
6

19
13
6

1

-

-

4
4

38
14
24
14
10

19
3
16
12
3
1

123

20

-

-

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

346
1 45
2 01
21
43
38
84

463
2 11
252
25
77
45
85

409
181
228
23
64
31
85

397
"7 8 5
211
27
64
41
78

210
1 09
101
30
28
13
25

1 23
54
69
13
20
2
34

63
26
37
14
17
_

246
120
126
18

219
124
95
33

44
9
9

61
17
44
25
15

147
3
1 44
1 34
10

92
16
76
70
6

40
2
38
33
5

32
1
31
24
7

13
2
11
11

44

133
48
85
38
21
16
10

_

-

_

32
32

-

4

_

3

-

_

1
1
_

1

_

'

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

_

_

i

i
|
_

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

68
39
29
18
5
1
1

40
io
30
15
5
_

10
4
6
4
_
_

20
7
13
4
5
_

5
1
4
1
3
_

8

.
_
_
_
_
_

2
_

10

2

-

-

2

-

-

3
3
3

1
_

1
_

1
_

1
1

_
_
_
_

1
1

1
1

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

!

i_




.
1
------ 1— 1------- ---!

-

20
17
3

-

123
1 22
1

-

8
3
3
_

_
_

|
See footn otes at end of table.

-

-

_
_

2
2
_
_

_
_

_
_

i|
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , M inneapolis—
St. Paul, M inn., January 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
w
orkers

W omen— Continued
Stenographers, s e n io r 4 ________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u tilities 2 _________________
W holesale trade __________________
Sw itchboard op erators _________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u tilities 1 _________________
2
R etail trade ______________________
F in a n ce3 __________________________
5
4
Sw itchboard op e r a to r -r e c e p tio n ists ____
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u tilit ie s 2 _________________
W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade ______________________
..............
F in a n ce3

1, 119
576
543
182
55
135

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
39.0
39.0

$78 .50
76.00
81.50
95.50
81.00
72.00

457
113
344
68
82
64

40.5
39.5
40.5
40.0
39.5
38.5

68.50
74.00
67.00
88.50
56.50
69.50

613
245
368
66
138
82
53

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
37.5

67.50
70.00
65.50
68.50
68.50
57.50
68.00

_

_

_

1
51
-

_

_
_

4
2
2
1
_

92
50
42
2
_
33

178
102
76
20
1
23

256
125
131
19
16
28

32
32
22
-

54
54
15
2

33
7
26
15
-

98
16
82
12
22

42
21
21
7
13

56
21
35
10
15

66
9
57
6
18
18
14

141
42
99
19
49
15
4

108
44
64
13
24
19
8

99
58
41
2
17
14

56
35
21
5
14
1
1

37
13
24
8
6
_
10

1

-

5

22

7

13

29
29
14

33
22
15

8
7
5

7
5
5

3
3
2

j 83
i r r
1 66
j 12
49 i

147
65
82
38
32

131
27
104
61
38

67
18
49
20
17

i
15

123
: 68
50 ! 55
5
8
7
35
29

153
58
95
9
8
70

183 ! 600
9 : 122
! 174 ; 478
j
2
8
46
61
13
25
371
109

641
529
215
245
314
396
11
26
74
38
36
15
304 ; 170

162
90
72
19
25

4
4
4
_

i
!

_
- i
j

63
22
41
6
25
2

263
106
139 ; 85
124
21
15
3
20
30
16
1 35
19
16
11
_
4

26
13
13
3
_
4

!
:
i
i

45
31
14
8
5
53
7 ;
46 i
36
_
4
14
12
2
2
_
_

35
20
15
8
6
_

i
i
i
!
!

8

I

4

4
4
_

1
!

"

!
!
1

12
8
4
4
_
_

22
4
is
17
1

32
9
23
23
_
_

1 28
1 4
1 24
i 17
1 7
1

: io
7
2
3
4
8
4 ! 8
i
!
" 1
i
7 !
J
7 'j
5 i
2
_ !
i
j

6
2
4
4

1

1
1
_

69

39.5

80.50

-

-

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
cla s s C ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
F in a n ce3

107
90
57

39.0
39.0
38.5

63.00
61.50
61.50

_

8
8 1
4 |

T ran scribin g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs,
g en eral ________________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade
F in a n ce3

602
211
391
158
183

39.0
39.0
39.0
40.0
38.5

1
1
I
| 66.00
i 66.50
1
| 66.00
I
! 67.00
1
63.50

T yp ists, c la s s A ________________________
M anufacturing
_
______ _
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u tilit ie s 2
............
W holesale trade __________________
F in a n ce3 ---------------------------------------

665
299
366
88
54
169

39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
40.0
38.5

69.50
i 69.50
i 69.50
j 78.50
73.50
63.50

T yp ists, c la s s B ________________________
Manufacturing
.........
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u t ilit ie s 2
.....
W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade ______________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________

2, 389
764
1, 625
181
288
101
984

39.0
39.5
38.5
40.0
40.0
39.5
38.0

59.50
60.50
59.00
78.00
59.50
57.50
55.50

.

4
1
3
3
_

4
1
3
3
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_

j
1
1
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
. i

_
_
_

_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

1

1

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

!

;
_
_
_

j
j
:
!

|
9
9
9

9 !

7

6
6
2

4
1
1

-

59
33
26
11
9

33
16
17
1
7

9
4
5
4

6

115
78
37
7
14
14

84
43
41
7
12
6

52
10
42
28
10
-

21
9
12
7
1
-

9

122
65
57
i 9
; 26
5
: 8

53
13
40
18
15

31
3
28
27

9
1
8
6
2

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

!

!
!

_

11

■

!
!
!

u
2
9

1
I

-

_

.

i
3
3
3

53
31
! 22
6
16
19
3
16
i

!
!

76
26

i6

j

_
-

3
3
3

_
-

7
1
6
6

4
1
3
3

2
2
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22

30

3

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

21
21

30
30

3
3

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

I

_

_

_

_

I

_

_

I

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

9
8
1
-

.

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regu lar straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hou rs.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and rea l estate.
D escrip tion fo r this job has been r e v ise d since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.
1 w ork er at $35 to $40.




15
2
13
13
_

35
1
34
34
_
_

i

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s B ________________________________

1
2
3
4
5

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
I 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
1
and
I
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
•
■
■
~
~
1 85.00
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over
i
!
!
!
j
©j
o
o
Cj
T

R
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
W
eeklyx W
eekly t 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00
earnings
hours
(Standard) under
(Standard)
■
■
"
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00

_

_

_

_

9

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M inneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., January 1962)
NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Average
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv i s io n

Number
of

$
Weekly
Weekly
U n der 6 5 .0 0
earnings 1
hours
(Standard) (Standard)
6 5 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

$
$
$
$
7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0
“
7 5 .0 0

“
8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

“
9 0 .0 0

9

$

9 0 .0 0

1
$
S
9
$
$
9
$
$
$
$
9
$
$
1
S
i
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 1 6 5 .0 0
and

“
“
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 . 0 0 1 6 0 . 0 0 1 6 5 .0 0

over

1
i
M en

D r a f t s m e n , l e a d e r ___________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ________ — _______________

152
142

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$ 1 4 0 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0

D r a f t s m e n , s e n i o r ___________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 _ _ _ _ _ __ _______

802
6 33
169
90

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 7 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0

D r a f t s m e n , ju n io r _______________ ______ ___
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________
P u b lic u t il it ie s 2 ______________________

600
462
138
33

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

_______________

58
54

N u r s e s , i n d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) __________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________

109
80

.
-

-

_

14
13

8
8

8
7

! 12
i 12

27
25
2
2

16
16
-

-

5
5
-

-

■

“

-

-

i

*

~

;

-

-

3
3

5
5

28
28

7
7

32
30

8
7

18
14

9
8

■

76
64
12
2

Ill
93
18
5

74
63
11
9

98
73
25
15

68
45
23
13

48
31
17
14

58
45
13
11

57
39
18
8

17
8
9
9

16
12
4
2

61
42
19
4

38
21
17
3

23
13
10
4

18
12
6
3

22
16
6
6

55
51
4
4

13
10
3
3

.

.

-

-

-

-

■

85
63
22
1

18
18

5
5

2
1

1

1

j

'

"

■

-

"

-

"

12
7

12
8

39
34

12
10

9
6

8
6

4
1

2
1

4
3

!

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

5
5
-

26
26
-

52
49
3

47
33
14

_

"

"

71
60
11
4

81
75
6

i

-

-

"

■

“

9 3 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0

10
7
3

12
2
10

i 59
52
7

"

52
38
14
1

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 7 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

7
37

5
5

4
4

14
14

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 5 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

.

.

1

i
j

_

|
1
j
■
j

|
T racers

_________________________________________

M a n u fa c tu r in g

____

______

i
"

:
-

*

.j

!

j

1

i

W om en

5
4

|

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees re ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public utilities.
W ork ers w e re distributed as fo llo w s : 5 at $55 to $60 ; 2 at $ 60 to $65.




.

.

.

.

■

10

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , M inneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , January 1962)

Number
of

--------------Average
weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine) ----------N onm anufacturing --------------------------------P ublic utilities 2 -------------------------------W holesale trade -------------------------------R etail trade _________________________

187
lb 5
28
57
58

$ 6 5 .0 0
6 4. 50
8 3 . 50
6 3 .0 0
5 9 .0 0

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) _
N onm anafacturing ______________________

113
97

6 4 .0 0
6 4. 50

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e r a to r s , cla ss A .
M anufacturing __________________________
Nonm anufacturing --------------------------------W holesale trade --------------------------------

194
56
138
63

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e r a to r s , cla s s B
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic utilities 2
W holesale trade ________________
Retail trade ____________________
F in a n ce 3 -----------------------------------

976
186
790
47
193
134
398

O ccupation and industry division

Number

of

O ccupation and industry division

earnings 3
(Standard)

C le rk s, ord er
M anufacturing ------Nonmanufacturing _
W holesale trade
R etail trade ___

862
229
633
468
110

$87.00
88.00
86. 50
90.00
79. 50

7 8 .0 0
8 6 .5 0 '
7 4 . 50
7 9. 50

C le rk s, pa y ro ll _________________
M anufacturing ________________
N onm anufacturing -----------------Pu blic u tilities 2 ___________
W holesale trade ___________
R etail trade _______________

639
275
364
127
78
97

77. 50
74.00
80. 00 1 Stenographers, s e n io r 4 ____________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
___________
94. 50
__________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
80. 50
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
___________________________
68.00

6 2 .0 0
711750"
6 0 .0 0
7 2 . 50
6 6 . 50
6 4 .0 0
5 4 .0 0

C om ptom eter operators
M anufacturing ______
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g __
Pu blic u tilities 2 _
W holesale trade —
R etail trade _____
F in a n ce 3 --------------

635
139
496
73
204
128
83

73.00
77. 50
71. 50
90. 50
70. 50
65. 50
65.00

D uplicating-m achine operators
(M im eograph o r Ditto) _______

66
167
72
95
29

of

Average
weekly .
earnings 1
(Standard)

64. 50

Keypunch o p e ra to rs , c la s s A 4
M anufacturing _____________
Nonmanufacturing _________
P ublic u tilities 2 ________

Number

O ffice occu pation s— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

92. 00
9 3. 00
9 1. 50
1 0 4 .5 0
8 8 .0 0
8 2 . 50
8 5 .0 0

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A
Manuf ac tu r in g
N onm anufacturing _
Pu blic utilities 2
W holesale trade
R etail trade ____
F in a n ce 3 -----------

1 ,2 9 6
395
901
288
243
130
180

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing _______
Pu blic utilities 2 ______
W holesale trade ______
R etail trade __________
F in a n ce3 ---------------------

2, 174
422
1 ,7 5 2
447
286
296
659

6 8 . 50
72700"
6 7 . 50
7 3 . 50
7 1 . 50
6 2 .0 0
6 5 .0 0

C lerk s, file , c la s s A 4
M anufacturing _____
Nonm anufacturing
F in a n ce 3 _______

188
74
114
60

7 0 . 50
7 1 . 50"
7 0 .0 0
6 5 .0 0

C lerk s, file , c la s s B 4
M anufacturing _____
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic utilities 2 .
W holesale trade .
R etail trade ____
F in a n ce 3 _______

1 ,0 3 4
147
887
89
121
148
4 94

56. 50
6 0 . 50
5 6 .0 0
6 5 . 50
59. 50
53. 00
5 4. 50

C lerk s, file , cla s s C 4
M anufacturing _____
Nonmanufacturing
P ublic u tilities 2 .
F in a n ce 3 _______

375
80
295
37
181

4 9 . 50
52. 50
4 9 .0 0
5 3 .0 0
4 7 . 50




O ccupation and industry d ivision

workers

O ffice occupations

See footnotes at end o f table,

1

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , cla ss B 4 —
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing _
Pu blic utilities 2 _
W holesale trade
R etail trade ___
F in a n ce 3 _______
O ffice boys and g irls _______
M anufacturing ___________
Nonm anufacturing _______
P u blic u tilities 2 ______
W holesale trade ___
R etail trade ___
F in a n ce 3 ______
S ecre ta rie s
M anufacturing ____
Nonm anufacturing _
Pu blic u tilities 2
W holesale trade
R etail trade ____
F in a n ce 3 -----------

1,191
393
798
274
116
54
348
691
152
539
72
106
73
275
2,676
1,103
1,573
278
400
221
568

73. 50 I
76.00 I
72.00
76. 50
67. 50
66.00
68.00
81.00
66. 50
61.00
59. 50
55.00 1
5 4 .5 0 ]
55. 00
73. 50
57.00
54.00
49. 50
86.00
87. 50
85.00
89. 50
87. 50
81. 50
83. 50

Stenographers, g e n e r a l4 ____________________________ 2, 298
842
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_
____ ____
. . .
Nonm anufacturing ________________________________ 1,456
493
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
____________________________
328
W h o le sa le tra d e
224
R e t a il t r a d e
____________________________
" F in a n c e 3
_ ........_________
_
_
_
359

$71. 50
69.0 0
73. 00
86. 50
71. 50
6 6 .0 0
62. 50

1, 121
577
544
183
55
135

78. 50
76. 00
81. 50
9 6.00
81. 00
7 2 .0 0

460
113
347
71
82
64

69 .0 0
74 .0 0
67. 00
89. 00
56. 50
69. 50

613
245
368
66
138
82
53

67. 50
7 0 .0 0
65. 50
68. 50
68. 50
57. 50
68 .0 0

--------------------_________________ ___________
___ ____ ____ ____________
_____________

174
77
97
60

103.00
100. 00
105. 50
98. 00

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B ---------------------

366
127
239
63
77
78

88.
88.
88.
93.
85.
86.

00
00
00
50
00
00

258
51
207
38
137

69.
77.
67.
74.
65.

00
00
00
50
50

W h o le sa le tra d e
F in a n ce3 _ ______

__

---------------

_
________________
----------- -----------------

Switchboard o p era tors ______________________________
M anufacturing ____________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
R e t a il t r a d e
F in a n c e 3

_

_________________ ________
____________________________
_________________ ___________
...r
____

Switchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is ts ------------------------------M ^ n tifa c t n r in g
N r>n'm a r m f a r t u r i n g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
W h o le sa le tra d e
R e t a il t r a d e
F in a n c e 3

_____________
__
_____________________ _______
_
_______
_________________
______________

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
F in a n c e 3

N o n m a n n fa c tn r in g
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2
W h o le sa le tra d e
F in a n c e 3

...
__________ _
_________
_____
______________________

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s C --------------------M arm f a c tn r i n g
N o n m a n n fa c tn r in g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
F i n a n c e 3 ________

____________
___________ _______
___ __________— ____
________________________ ______

11

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined---- Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , M inneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , January 1962)

O ccupation and industry d iv isio n

Number
of

Average
weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

602
211

391
158
183

$6 6 . 0 0
~ 5 5 . 50
6 6 .0 0

67. 00
63. 50

T yp ists, cla ss B ____________________________________
M anufacturing ___________________________________
N onmanufactur ine - ———___ ~ ———— — ■
“ **'***'**'•''
***©
—
Public utilities a
W holesale t r a d e _ _________________
R etail trade ___________ _______________________
F in a n c e 3

T y p is ts , c la s s A
M anufacturing ______ ________ __ _________ —
N onm anufacturing __
______ __ _________
P u blic u tilities 2 __________________________
W holesale trade __________________________
F in a n ce 3
_
_

1
2
3
4

Number
of

Average
weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry division

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued
T r a n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
creneral ______________ _______________________
M anufacturing
Nonm annfacturing
W holesale trade
F inan ce 34

Occupation and industry division

673
305
368
88

56
169

69.50
69.50
70.00
78. 50
74. 50
63. 50

2,389
764
1,625
181
288
101

$59.
60.
59.
78.
59.
57.
55.

50
50
00

00
50
50
50

D raftsm en, senior
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
P u b lic u tilitie s

807
$116.50
— 538— i 1 6 . oo
1 2 0 .0 0
169
126.00
90

^

152
142

140.00
140.00

D raftsm en, junior ___________________________________
M anufacturing ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________
Pu blic utilities 2

480
138
33

92. 50
93.00
92. 50
107.00

N u rse s, industrial (reg is tered ) __
___
M anufacturing ____________________________________

984

109
80

95.00
94. 50

66
62

76. 50
75.00

T racers

Earnings are fo r a regu lar w orkw eek fo r which em ployees re ce iv e their straigh t-tim e w eekly s a la r ie s , e xclu sive o f any p rem iu m pay.
T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public u tilities.
F in a n ce, in su ran ce, and re a l estate.
D e scrip tio n fo r this jo b has been r e v ise d since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




Average
weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

P ro fe s s ion a l and technical occupations—
Continued

P r o fe s s io n a l and technical occupations
D raftsm en, leader __________________________________
M anufacturing

Number
of

M a n u fa c tu r in g

.......................

618

12

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , M inneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , January 1962)
N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S OF-

O ccupation and industry division

N um ber
of
w ork ers

A v era g e
h ou rly ,
earn in gs

$
$
$
Under 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20
and
$
2. 00 under
2. 10 2. 20 2. 30

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

399
309
90
66

3.
3.
3.
3.

Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
Pu blic utilities 2 ________________________________________

515
2 96
219
48

2.88
2.92
2. 83
2. 53

F irem en , stationary b o ile r -----------------------------------------------M anufacturing __________________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________________
Public u t ilit ie s 2 ________________________________________

382
257
125
41

2. 65
2.70
2. 56
2. 51

16
12
4
-

1
“

H elpers, m aintenance trades

251
194

2. 55
2. 54

9
9

2
2

M ach in e-tool op era to rs, to o lro o m ------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------

164
164

2. 68
2. 68

_

M achinists, maintenance ______________________
M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------

490
476

3. 17
3. 18

M echanics, autom otive (maintenance) ________

891
102
789
734

2.
2.
2.
2.

87
88
87
88

_
.
-

_
.
-

Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
P ublic utilities 2 __________________________

538
415
123
71

2. 81
2. 77
2.95
3. 05

.
-

M illw rights _____________________________________
M anufacturing _______________________________

202
202

3. 01
3. 01

-

O ilers ___________________________________________

118
113

2. 60
2. 59

1
1

N onm anufacturing ___________________________
Public utilities 2 _________________________________________

168
67
101
29

3. 04
2.95
3. 09
2.79

P ip efitters, m aintenance ___________________________________
M anufacturing _________________________________________________

172
154

3. 15
3. 16

-

Tool and die m akers

657
657

3. 25
3. 25

Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------Pu blic u tilities 2 __________________________
M echanics, m aintenance _______________________

P a in ters, maintenance _________________________

M a n u fa c tu rin g

___________________________

2. 50

6
6

E le ctricia n s , maintenance _________________________________
Manufac tur i ng _________________ __ _
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________________
Public u tilities 2 _________________________________________

--------------------------------------------

2 .40

-

236
113
123
67

17
18
16
03

$
2.4 0

-

C a rp en ters, m aintenance -----------------------------------------------------M anufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________________
Public u tilities 2 _________________________________________

$ 2 .9 1
2 .9 5
2. 88
2. 50

$
2. 30

8

-

46
46

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

2. 60

2. 70

$
2.70

$
$
2. 80 2.90

$
$
$
$
$
3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3 .4 0

2.80

2. 90

3. 00

3. 10
65
65

11
4
7
-

24
13
11
9

13
7
6
-

2
2

2
2

-

-

47
11
36
36

17
12
5
-

13
12
1
"

14
13
1
'

23
23

121
121

-

~

92
35
57

89
59
30

5
1
4

-

-

39
20
19
1

9
4
5
-

_

-

-

11
11

21
2
19
19

30
21
9
3

30
15
15
3

37
25
12
7

59
18
41
3

14
2
12
"

56
41
15
9

39
15
24
18

24
16
8
1

22
9
13
1

22
9
13
12

97
74
23
-

22
16
6

10
10

10
8

21
16

22
16

64
52

63
57

31
5

1
1

1
1

17
17

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

38
38

63
63

44
44

5
5

8
8

_

-

5
5

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

9
-

9
9

24
24

-

.
-

1
_
1
1

35
6
29
29

25
18
7
7

30
2
28
18

101
11
90
84

-

-

22
19
3
3

19
18
1
1

82
76
6
2*

30
23
7
"

47
44
3
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

!
1

3
3

5
5

20
20

34
34

1

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

“

8
1
7
7

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

.

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

_

_

24
24
-

21
20
1

-

_

_

6
1
5
4

-

-

16
15
1
1

-

3. 30

-

11

-

3. 20

-

4
3
1
1

Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.




46

$
$
2. 50 2.60

-

-

27
26
1
1

'

3 .4 0

3. 50

8
8

-

-

-

$
$
3. 50 3. 60

$
3 .7 0

$
3. 80

3 .7 0

3. 80

3. 90

18
5
13
-

2

3. 60
24
-

-

2
-

1
-

-

-

-

1
"

21
9
12
-

3
1
2
"

-

-

24
-

_

71
69
2
-

28
5
23
23

6
1
5
5

24
24

9
9

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

5
4
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28
28
-

_

_

-

24
24

1
-

1
-

-

_

"

_

_

-

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

28
28

11
6

1
1

_

34
34

_

_

-

-

-

13
13
-

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

2
2
-

.
.
-

_
_
-

81
29
52
52

3
3
2

2
2
2

-

-

24
24
-

-

-

92
92

19
19

21
21

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

2
2

_

-

15
15

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

37
37

10

3
3

44

4

6

-

44
-

4

-

-

6
-

67
67

4
4

20
19

8

_

-

-

55
55

69
69

46
46

49
49

233
233

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

1
1

-

27
27

42
42

274
274

22
22

268
22
246
235

381
11
370
349

32
14
18
11

_
-

45
39
6
1

60
43
17
6

94
72
22
2

29
28
1
"

3
3

29
29

_
-

37
37

20
20

10
8

7
4

5
-

15
7
8
6

16
5
11
2

17
12
5
5

1
1

11
3

4
4

3
3

4
4

37
37

12
12

9
9

16
16

30
30

80
80

58
58

_
5
-

$
3. 90
and
ov er

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

-

_

-

-

-

_

2
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

_

13

_

_

-

12

-

.

.

.

_

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , M inneapolis—
St. Paul, M inn., January 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O cc u p a tio n 1 and industry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

$
$
$
Average S
hourly , 1 . 0 0 1 . 1 0 1 .2 0 1.30
earnings
and
under
1.30 1.40
1 .1 0
1 .2 0

8

1.40
1.50

s

1.50
1 .6 0

$
s
$
$
$
S
$
S
$
$
ns
1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 ° 2 . 6 0 2.70 *2.80 *2.90 |
*3.00 *3.10 ’ 3.20
1.70

1.80

1.90

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2.30

2.40

2.50

2.60

2.70

2.80

2.90

f
"
! "
3.00 ! 3.10
j

3.30 |
|*3.40 *3.50

1
3.30 ! 3.40 ' 3.50

3.20

3.60

1

E levator o p e r a to r s , p assen ger
(m en) __________________________________
N onm anufacturing ________________ _

72
72

$

1 .6 0

1.60

_
-

_

-

-

38
38

_

_

_

-

-

-

8
8

14
14

6
6

-

-

2
2

4
4

i
|

'

1

j
E levator o p era tors , p a ssen ger
(wom en) _______________________________

155
153

1.51

1

11
11

65
65

7

20
20

l

35
33

3
3

-

-

-

-

7
7
7

6
6
6

-

-

24

-

12

13

6

25

128
80
48
3
45

56
33
23

42
42
-

54
54
-

43
43
-

23

-

:

:

6

-

F in a n ce 4 _________________________
Jan itors, p o r te r s , and c le a n e rs
(m en) _____________*____________________
M anufacturing __}•
____________________
N onm anufacturini _______ _________
P u blic u tilities 3 _________________
W holesale trade __________________
R eta il trade _i____________________
F in a n ce 4 __________________________
Jan itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs
(wom en) _______________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing __________________
PiiKlir nfilitiPQ ^
R eta il trade ______________________

551
390
161
122

2, 775
1, 336
1, 439
264
101

455
295
560
141
419
67
72
242

2.32
2.35
2.23
? 75
2.07
1.95
2 .1 1

1.79
2.18
1.95
1.67
1.90

1 .6 0

1.80
1.54
1.79
L36
1.52

L a b o r e rs , m a teria l handling __________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
PiiKlir ntilltipfi ^
W h olesale trade __________________
R eta il trade ______________________

5,837
1, 730
4, 107
2, 301
1, 195
603

2.42
2.29
2.47
2.54
2^3

O rd er f ille r s ____________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing __________________
Pu blic u tilities 3 _________________
W holesale trade __________________
R eta il trade ______________________

2, 564
453
2 , 111
247
1, 392
472

2.42
2.28
2.45
2.56
2.49
2.27

P a ck e rs , shipping (m en) ---------------------M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing __________________
W holesale trade ________________
R eta il trade ----------------------------------

909
349
560
484
76

2.33
2.18
2.43
2.45
2.31

2 .1 2

-

-

-

-

-

no
no

44

6
10

2

29
-

-

-

2
1

18
-

12

88

-

15
15

1

41
13
28
3

27

1

8

1

21
2

10

12

29
29

39
39
6

20

20

-

5

48
48
_
48

_

9
9
_
9

_

12

8

36

6
21

q

_
12

21

173
19
154

-

1

-

12

4

75
69

23

12

1

2

6

13
3

-

23

12

1

2

6

10

148
18
130
9
12

81
19
62

86

1
1

108
4
40
34

39

22

-

58
3

20

55

45
16
29

275

12

13

1

3
9

6

274

1

25
213

16
16

17
7

33

10

25

_
16

_

8

12

10

13

6

51
51
-

-

_

-

-

-

6

45

4

7
7
-

2
-

30

-

2

19
19

-

-

-

4
4

120

137

-

6

2

250
299
194
191
56
108
1
9 i 62
7 1 8
6
18
20
19

198

159
39
20
10

179
107
72
. 58

34
34
-

31
23

24
4

1

8
8

20
20

-

122

186
175

110

11

26

460
300
160
49
42
69

299
137
162

118
81
37

166
103
63

1

-

-

-

-

_
-

1
1

-

1489
384
1105
973
60
72

778
244
534
45
448
41

512
90
422
240
172

346
49
297

1063 144
4
9
1054 140
893
160 128

14
14
-

328 472
22
84
306 388
12
18
270 321
24
49

403
30
373

1

12

47

10

344
45
47
77 297
77 243
54

61
19
42
42

1

1

-

-

-

:

-

-

4
4
4

-

-

23
23
23
-

-

3

-

1

61
-

20

11
11

5
5
5

-

61

20

24

21
10

:

44

4
-

11

5
4

36
33
3

no
97
13
9
4
-

47
30
17
17

:

1
1

-

-

-

■
!

|

.
-

-




i
,
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

11

60
36
24

99
23

9
15

_
23

11

21

92
48
44
44

68

21

33
13

14
13

8

1

-

14
54
54

5
3
3

_

84

56
56
-

-

34
34
-

21

21

50
47
3
3

5

20
2

8

101
16

-

-

45

10

29
-

50
3

40

88

22

87

18

1
1

38
38
-

12
6

12
6

122

10

1

353
19

143
154

-

_

_

.

_

_

739
40
699
159
342

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

10

_
-

_

_
-

-

-

-

198

-

-

-

85
4
81
75

..
- i
i
|

1

1

1
1

1
1

6

_

1

9

_
-

-

1

-

6
1

'

1

-

-

5
4

5
5

-

1
1

41
37

3
7
-

2
2

6

5

-

j
!

2
2
2

i
!
!
j
j

2
2
2

-

|
|

-

.
-

-

i
1

See footn otes at end o f table.

!
'

-

-

-

6

_
-

-

7

648
336
312
29
23

22

7
16

_
-

-

194

20

132
4
9

_
-

_
-

152

12

i
|

1

"
G uards __________________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing __________________

*

i
j
|

I

14

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , M inneapolis—
St. Paul, M in n., January 1962)
N U M B E R O P W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G S T R A I G H T -T I M E H O U R L Y E A R N I N G S O F —

O ccu p ation 1 and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

9
Average $
hourly 2 1 . 0 0 1 .
earnings
and
under
1 . 10
1.

380
245
135
125

$ 1.81

Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Retail trade ______________________
Receiving c le r k s _______________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade --------------------------Retail trade ______________________

514
271
243
98
124

2 .4 4
2.47
2.41
2.57
2 .2 6

Shipping c le r k s

344

$

$
$
$
$
9
$
S
$
1.30 1.40 1. 50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .

_________________ ______

198

Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade _________________

146

Shipping and receivin g c le r k s _________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade _________________

270
119
151

T ru ck d rivers 5 __________________________
Ma mvfa rtn ri ng
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u tilities 3 _________________
W holesale trade _________________
Retail trade _________________ ___
T r u ck d riv ers, light (under
IV 2 tons) ______ _____________ _____ _
M anufacturing ____________________
Nonmanufacturing ____ _________
W holesale trade ______________
Retail trade ----------------------------T r u ck d riv ers, m edium (I V 2 to and
including 4 tons) _______________ —
M anufacturing ____________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________
Pu blic u tilities 3 ______________
W holesale trade _____________
R etail trade _________ _ - ----T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
tr a ile r type) _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________
P ublic u tilities 3 ______________
W holesale trade ______________
R etail trade ___________________

See footn otes at end o f table,




116

1.40

1. 50

1

3

16

23

18

31

4

21

18

10
10

10
9

3
3

16

16

4
4

18
18

6

-

1.

60

1.70

1.

80

1.

90

7
1

4

.

1

5

8

7

2

-

1

5

6
2

1
6

42
18
24

-

-

4

-

2

-

1

5

2

6

24

53
22

7

6
12

5

.
-

349
136
213
55
135

2 .6 5
2 .7 5
2. 58

9

3

-

■

_

5
■

7

9
9

3
"

8

3

6
1

2

_
_

7

4

-

6

4

5

12

.
-

-

.
-

2

6
1

5
_

11

2

4
-

12

8

11

12
9

42
34

29
13

3
3

8

6

3

25
23

6

5

-

2

2

1

21

1

1

-

1

11

1
1

14

12

62
37
25

38
27

12

5

1

16

11

15

22

11

4

5
"

I

3

74
28
46
43

43
27

16

82
26
56
49

14
4

16

10

15

9

11

296
13
283

106
27
79
7
32

28

31

22

21

6

10
10

52

37
26

4

5

10

-

2

6

-

5

11

-

13

15
14

6

-

5

11

-

13

1

7
7

33

2

-

-

5

-

5

10

-

5

-

-

1

_

1

12
2

-

4

-

-

38

10

20

10

18
-

_

119
13
106
103
3

29

-

9
9
-

39

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 .8 6

2.77

1

4

-

3. 50 3. 60

17

1

25
25
-

-

-

!
-

78
40
38

5

-

. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3 .4 0

78
23
55
35

14
13
■

52
25
27

51
28
18
5

-

2

4

11
11

_
-

110

170
3

2 .6 6

2 .7 8
2 .7 8
2.77

. 60 2. 70

4

2 .6 8
2 .6 8

2 .7 0
2.71
2. 70
2 .7 2
2 .6 9
2 .6 5

2

4

70
42
28

11

13

12

2. 50

52
48
4
3
-

27
16

31
9
18
19

7

2.71
2. 70
2 ! 71
2 .7 4

2 .6 0

$
$
9
$
9
$
$
9
9
2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3 .3 0 3. 40 3. 50

1

-

2

2. 30 2.40

60

6

4

3.431
416
3, 015
1,700
692
564

828
795
481
123
183

2

-

-

228
190

11

2 . 00

-

-

910

9
9
9
9
2.30 2.40 2. 50 2 .

1

16

31
31

21

16

18
18

186
186
■

35
29

1

*

1. 515
179
1, 336

2 . 20

2 . 20

1. 30

2 .4 0
2 .49
2.33
2.4 3

102

10

$

20

1 .9 6

1. 55
1.53

2 . 10

1 . 20

2. 58
2 57
Z. 60
2. 57

P a ck ers, shipping (women) ____________

9
00

10

-

1

_
5
4

4
3

1

478 I 9 6 0
144
36
334 1924
4 1483
182
106
205
259

396
107
289
43
184
62

25

9
9

1

1

9

9

9

1

16
11

5

90
75
15
15

2
2

834
31
803
723
60

134
26
108
42
52
14

12

-

303
49
254
4
98
144

4

27

640
635
480

149
149

7
7
-

14
14
-

6
2

10
6

108
108
4
104

22

10
2
2

12
2

1

57
44
13
5
5

1

32
31

2

11

3

20

20

1
100

135

48

-

1
1

•

-

-

-

-

‘

“

"

5
5
“

■

■

_
_
-

_
-

.
-

-

-

9
9

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

9
9
-

_
_
-

9
9

-

-

-

_
-

6
6
1

-

5

-

-

8

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

-

_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

.

.

-

15

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry division, M inneapolis— Paul, M inn., January 1962)
St.
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n 1 a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s io n
2

Number
of
workers

$
Average S
1 .0 0 1 .1 0
hourly
earnings L and
u nder
--1 ,1 0 1 .2 0

$
1 .20

$
1 .3 0

s

$
1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

%

1 .8 0

JLlflL _ i a o _

$
1 .9 0

S
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

2 .0 0

1 .4 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

-

-

16
16

S
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

s

_2

$
2 .2 0

_2JLQ_

JL& Sl

2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$

2 .8 0

2 .8 0

54
54

20
3
17

107
1
106
24
49
33

2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

$

$
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .2 0

2 .9 0

87
31
56

$

T r u c k d r i v e r s :5— C o n tin u e d
T r u c k d r i v e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s ,
o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e ) _______________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________

1 98
60
1 38

$ 2 .6 7
2 .4 9
2 .7 4

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k li f t )
__________ ___
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 34 ______________________
W h o l e s a l e tr a d e _______________________
R e t a i l tr a d e --------------------------------------------

875
448
427
226
1 00
101

2 .5 0
2 .3 9
2 .6 2
2 .5 9
2 .6 5
2 .6 5

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o th e r th a n
f o r k li f t ) __________
__
__ __ __
________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ______________________

3 50
1 83
167
1 56

2 .4 2
2 .4 7
2 .3 7
2 .3 6

W a tch m en
_
_ _____________ _______ ________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ______________________

2 21
50
171
52

1 .9 0
2 .0 4
1 .8 6
2 .2 6

1
2
3
4
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

“

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

-

10
10

10
10

-

-

-

6
6

10
10

22
-

10

13

6
_

22

10

13

6

8
6
2

8
4
4
4

2
2

13
1
12

40
8
32

21
5
16
8

-

10
10

-

1
-

1

12
12

20
10
10
9

80
76
4
1
3

1 14
62
52
51

102
75
27

-

27

-

1

-

272
39
233
150
21
62

43
23
20
20

147
8
1 39
136

40
40
-

19
19
-

62
54
8

-

27
7
20
15

10
9
1

3

6

1

3

,6
6

1

n
11
10

-

10
10

-

-

"

"

1

7
7
-

22
22
-

-

1

-

"

_

-

-

-

30
26
4

4

100
100

■

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs e xce p t w here otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public utilities.
Finan ce, in su ran ce, and re a l estate.
Includes all d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s ize and type o f truck operated.




-

-

l
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

■

"

1
1
-

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

11
11
-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-




Appendix A: Changes in Occupational Descriptions

stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)

Since the Bureau’ s last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year’ s bulletin.

instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.

17




Appendix B : Occupational D escriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-tim~,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKE EPING-MACHIN E OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C lass A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)—Vises a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
die bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B —Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring litde knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (hookkeeping machine)—U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

19

20

CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C la s s B —
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C la s s A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
C la s s B — S
orts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­

ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the fo llow in g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
C la s s C —Performs routine filing of material that has already

been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

21

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C la ss A-Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C la ss B—
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,

follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

22

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C —Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C lass A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
D oes not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C lass B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B —Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

23

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a
in ation o f the follow in g: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicant^
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

comb

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter required rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




24

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
Installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution , or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance elctricians requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or c h ie f engineers in esta b lish ments employing more than one engineer are excluded .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the follow ing: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow in g: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

25

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in die trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m ost o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow in g: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in volves the follow in g: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

26

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating s y ste m s are exclu ded .

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow ing: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the follow in g: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gate -




men who are stationed at gate and ch eck on identity o f em p lo y e e s and
other persons entering .

27

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the follow ing:

Sweeping, mopping dr scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may in volve one or more o f
the follow ing: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
P ackers who also make
wooden b oxes or crates are exclu ded .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshorem en , who load and unload ships are excluded .

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
ping work in v o lv e s:

routes,

Ship­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation and rates; and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work in v o lv e s:

May

R eceivin g

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers 9 orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R eceivin g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receivin g clerk

28

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver •salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded .

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f s i z e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under l / 2 tons)
l
Truckdriver, medium (IY2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
# U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1962 0 — 635070


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102