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Occupational Wage Survey
PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA
NOVEMBER 1961

Bulletin No. 1303-25




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey

PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA
NOVEMBER 1961




Bulletin No. 1303-25
February 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 30 cents




Preface

Contents
P age
In trod u ction __________________________________________________________________
W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p s ___________________________

T h e L a b o r M a rk et O ccu p a tio n a l W age S u rvey P r o g r a m
T h e B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics annually con d u cts
o c c u p a tio n a l w ag e s u r v e y s in 82 la b o r m a rk e ts .
The
stu d ies p r o v id e data on o c cu p a tio n a l earn in gs and re la te d
s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fit s .
A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t fu rn ish in g
tre n d data and a v e r a g e ea rn in g s is r e le a s e d w ithin a m onth
o f the c o m p le tio n o f e a ch study.
T h is bu lletin p r o v id e s
a d d ition a l data n ot in clu d e d in the p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t .
T w o b u lle tin s , b rin g in g tog eth er the r e su lts o f a ll
o f the a r e a s u r v e y s , a r e is s u e d a fter c o m p le tio n o f the
fin a l a r e a b u lle tin in the c u r re n t round o f s u r v e y s .
The
f i r s t o f th e s e b u lle tin s w ill be a v a ila b le la te in 1962 and
the o th e r e a r ly in 1963. D u rin g the su rv e y y e a r , su m m a ry
r e le a s e s p r e s e n tin g a re a w id e occu p a tion a l earn in gs data
fo r 25 to 30 la b o r m a r k e t s , a r e is s u e d as data b e c o m e
a v a ila b le .
T h is b u lle tin w as p r e p a r e d in the B u re a u 's r e ­
g io n a l o ffic e in New Y o rk , N. Y. , by R o b e rt F in d la y, under
the d ir e c t io n o f H a r o ld A . B a rletta . The study w as under
the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f F r e d e r ic k W. M u e lle r, A s sis ta n t
R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r f o r W a ges and Industrial R ela tion s.




1
4

T a b le s :
1.
2.

3.

A:

B:

E sta b lish m en ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y ____________
P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and
s t r a ig h t-tim e h o u r ly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d
o c cu p a tio n a l g rou ps ________________________________________________
In dexes o f stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h ou rly
earn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p s , and p e r ce n ts
o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s _________________________________
O ccu p a tion a l e a r n in g s:*
A - 1.
O ffic e o c cu p a tio n s— en and w o m e n ________________________
m
A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s— en
m
and w om en __________________________________________________
A - 3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s— en
m
and w om en co m b in e d _______________________________________
A -4 .
M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o ccu p a tio n s __________________
A - 5.
C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v em en t occu p a tion s ___________
E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s :*
B -l.
Shift d iffe r e n tia ls ___________________________________________
B -2 .
M inim u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ___
B -3 .
Sch edu led w e e k ly h ou rs _____________________________________
B -4 .
P a id h olid a y s _________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a ca tion s _______________________________________________
B -6 .
H ealth, in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n plans _____________________

3

5

5
6
11
12
14
16
19
20
21
22
23
25

A ppendixe s :
A.
B.

C hanges in o ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s ______________________________
O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip tio n s __________________________________________

* N O TE : S im ila r tabulations a r e a v a ila b le in the P h ila d elp h ia a r e a r e p o r t s fo r p r e v io u s p e r io d s begin ning
w ith M ay 1950.
M ost o f the r e p o r t s in clu d e data on esta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age
p r o v is io n s .
S im ila r r e p o rts a r e a v a ila b le fo r oth er m a jo r a r e a s .
A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g the a r e a s ,
d a tes o f study, and p r ic e s o f th ese r e p o r ts is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t.
C u rren t r e p o rts on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in gs and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r a c t ic e s in the P h ila d elp h ia
a r e a a r e a ls o a v a ila b le fo r te x tile dy ein g and fin ish in g (A p r il 1961), c ig a r s (M ay 1961), m a ch in e ry
in d u s tr ie s (M ay 1961), paints and v a r n is h e s (M ay 1961), c o n tra ct clea n in g s e r v ic e s (June 1961), life
in s u r a n ce (June 1961), w o m e n 's and m i s s e s ' d r e s s e s (A ugust I9 6 0 ), and can dy and oth er c o n fe c tio n e r y
p r o d u c ts (D e ce m b e r I9 60).
Union s c a le s , in d ica tiv e
in d u s tr ie s : B uilding c o n s tr u c tio n ,
and h e lp e r s .

o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le fo r the fo llo w in g tra d es o r
p rin tin g , lo c a l-t r a n s it op era tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o to r tr u c k d r iv e r s

iii

27
29




Occupational Wage Survey— Philadelphia, Pa.
Introduction

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U.S. De­
partment of L abors Bureau of Labor Statistics has conducted sur­
veys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an area­
wide basis. In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of
Bureau field econom ists1 to representative establishments within six
broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communica­
tion, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance,
insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry groups
excluded from these studies are government operations and the con­
struction and extractive industries. Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because they
tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to
warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this
basis. Longer average service of men would result in higher average
pay when both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of inter establishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data
are presented (in the A -series tables) for the following types of occu­
pations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

Information is presented (in the B-series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they relate to
office and plant workers. The concept "office w orkers," as used
1
Data were obtained by mail from some of the smaller es­ this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory
in
tablishments for which visits by Bureau field economists in the last
workers performing clerical or related functions, and excludes admin­
previous survey indicated employment in relatively few of the occu­
istrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant workers" in­
clude working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadpations studied. Unusual changes reported by mail were verified
men and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. Administrative,
with employers.




1

2

executive, and professional employees, and force-account construction
employees who are utilized as a separate work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufacturing indus­
tries, but are included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing industries.
Shift differential data (table B-1) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy,2 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification "other1 was used. In establishments in which some late'
shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance salaries (table B-2) relate only to the
establishments visited. They are presented in terms of establish­
ments with formal minimum salary policies.
The scheduled hours (table B-3) of a majority of the firstshift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to all of
the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays; paid
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B-4 through
B-6) are treated statistically on the basis that these are applicable
to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers are eli­
gible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums of
individual items in tables B-3 through B-6 may not equal totals be­
cause of rounding.
The first part of the paid holidays table (table B-4) presents
the number of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second
part combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to for­
mal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off with
pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate estimates
are provided according to employer practice in computing vacation
payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or
flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay, pay­
ments not on a time basis were so converted; for example, a payment
of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of
1 week's pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension plans
(table B-6) for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em­
ployer, excepting only legal requirements such as workmen's compen­
sation, social security, and railroad retirement. Such plans include
those underwritten by a commercial insurance company and those pro­
vided through a union fund or paid directly by the employer out of
current operating funds or from a fund set aside for this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em­
ployer contributions,3 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans4 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness. Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com m er­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
worker's life.

3 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
4 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
were excluded.




3

Table 1.

Establishments and workers within scope o f survey and number studied in Philadelphia, P a ., 1 by m ajor industry division, 2 Novem ber 1961

Industry d ivision

A ll division s

_______________

____________________________

Manufacturing __________________________________________
Transportation, com m unication, and
other public utilities 56 _______________________________
W holesale trade _______________________________________
Retail trade _______ ___ __
__ __________ ____
Finance, insurance, and real estate ________________
S e r v ic e s 7 ______ ________ __ _________________ ____

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Number of establishments

W orkers in establishm ents
Within scope of study

Within
scope of
study 1
3
2

Studied

Studied
T o ta l4

Office

Plant

T otal4

_

1, 440

314

539, 100

110, 200

320,800

334, 760

100
"

642
798

129
185

297,000
242, 100

41, 100
69, 100

198, 500
122, 300

173, 540
161,220

100
50
100
50
50

72
255
108
176
187

28
39
33
45
40

17,200
8,500
9, 300
29, 500
4, 600

39, 200
11, 900
52,300
62, 300
16, 600

62,170
6, 680
53, 570
30, 010
8, 790

70,
29,
68,
46,
26,

900
900
800
200
300

1 The Philadelphia A rea con sists of Delaware and Philadelphia Counties, P a ., and Camden County, N. J.
The "w orkers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a
reasonably accurate d escrip tion of the size and com position of the labor fo rce included in the survey.
The estim ates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of com parison with other
area em ploym ent indexes to m easure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishm ent data com piled considerably in advance of the payroll period
studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 rev ised edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying establishm ents by industry division. M ajor changes from the e a rlie r edition (used in the
B ureau's labor m arket wage surveys conducted p rior to July 1958) are the transfer of m ilk pasteurization plants and ready-m ixed concrete establishm ents from trade (wholesale or retail) to
m anufacturing, and the transfer of radio and television broadcasting from s e rv ice s to the transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the m in im u m -size lim itation.
A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair
s e rv ice , and m otion -p ictu re theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, p rofessional, and other w orkers excluded from the separate office and plant ca tegories.
5 Taxicabs and se rv ice s incidental to water transportation w ere excluded.
6 Estimate relates to real estate establishments only.
7 H otels; p erson a l s e r v ic e s ; business s erv ices ; automobile repair shops; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering and architectural se rv ice s .




4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percents of change in salaries of
office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average earnings
of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
cents of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The per­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The of­
fice clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; me­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average sal­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average employ­
ment in the job during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted
earnings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an ag­
gregate for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for the one year to the aggregate for the other year was
computed and the difference between the result and 100 is the percent
of change from the one period to the other.
The percent of change measures, principally, the effects of
(1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of workers
employed by establishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the
labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect.
The movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in rates
occurred in other area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime,
since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new trend
series (table 2). This series initiated with the expansion of the labor market
wage survey programs to 82 areas will replace the old series (1953 base) shown
in table 3. Changes in the jobs surveyed and job descriptions since the start of
the old series called for a reexamination of the jobs and job groupings for which
trends were to be computed.
The new seriee covers the same job groupings as the earlier series with
the following exceptions: The women clerical group is replaced by an office
clerical group (men and women) and the industrial nurse category includes both
men and women. Changes were also made in the jobs included within job group­
ings in order that an identical list could be employed in all areas.

5

Table 2. Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings
fo r selected occupational groups in Philadelphia, P a ., Novem ber i960 to N ovem ber 1961,
and Novem ber 1959 to N ovem ber I960

Industry and occupational group

Novem ber I960
to
N ovem ber 1961

Novem ber 1959
to
Novem ber i960

A ll in d ustries:
O ffice clerica l (m en and women) _________
Industrial nurses (m en and women) _______
Skilled maintenance (men) ________ ____
Unskilled plant (men) ___ ____ __ ____

3.5
2. 8
2 .2
2. 3

Manufacturing:
Office clerica l (m en and women) __ ____
Industrial nurses (men and women) ---------Skilled maintenance (men) ________________
Unskilled plant (men) _____________________

Table 3.

3. 1
3 .2
3.5
3. 0
3 .2
3 .2
3 .4
3. 5

3 .6
2. 8
1.9
1 .8

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupational groups in Philadelphia, P a .,
November 1961 and Novem ber I960, and percents of in crease fo r selected periods

Indexes
(October 1952 = 100)
Industry and occupational
group

A ll in d u stries:
Office c le r ic a l (w o m e n )__
Industrial nurses
(women) ________________
Skilled maintenance
(men) ___________________
Unskilled plant (men) ___
M anufacturing:
O ffice c le r ic a l (w o m e n )__
Industrial nurses
(women) ___ ____ ___
Skilled maintenance
(men) __
________ __
Unskilled plant (men) ___




P ercent increases from —

October 1952
November I960 Novem ber 1959 Novem ber 1958 October 1957 November 1956 Novem ber 1955 Novem ber 1954 October 1953
to
to
to
to
to
to
N ovem ber 1961 November I960
to
to
to
November 1961 Novem ber I960 Novem ber 1959 N ovem ber 1958 O ctober 1957 N ovem ber 1956 Novem ber 1955 Novem ber 1954 October 1953

147. 2

143.0

2 .9

3.2

3 .4

4 .0

5 .7

6 .5

3 .4

3 .4

7.1

151.7

146.1

3 .8

2 .8

5 .3

3.7

6 .5

6 .2

4. 3

3. 0

7. 1

4 .4
4. 3

7 .2
4.5
6 .6

5.1
4 .7

3.2
5 .0

5 .2
6 .0

5 .2
4. 7

4 .0
6 .0

3. 3

3.1

4 .2

6 .2

5. 1

2 .8

4 .6

2. 8

5 .9

2 .4

5. 7

6.1

5 .0

2 .9

7 .9

5 .0
5.7

3.2
4 .9

5. 1
5. 8

5 .4
4 .5

3.8
5.5

3.9
4 .5

7.2
3. 3

148.6
147.6

143.8
143.5

3 .3
2 .9

146. 5

141.9

3.3

150. 3

145.6

3.2

146.5
146. 3

142.1
141.7

3. 1
3.3

2. 3
1.5

3. 0
1 .9

A* Occupational Earnings

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Philadelphia, P a ., November 1961)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly.
Weekly .
earnings*
hours
(Standard) (Standard)

*35.00 *40.00 *45.00 *50.00 *55.00 *60.00 *65.00 *70.00 *75.00 *80.00 *85.00 *90.00 *95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00T25.00 f 30.00
and
and
under
40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 over

Men
A __________
. . . . . .
....
_ .
__
_ .
. . .
_ .

485
203
282
119
82

38.0 $95.50
39. 0 97.50
94. 00
37.5
37. 5 95.00
36. 5 89.00

-

.
"

-

1
1
-

7
7
-

-

6
2
4
4

42
32
10
7

35
13
22
6
13

57
13
44
21
14

45
13
32
18
1

53
10
43
24
14

56
17
39
24
13

20
14
6
1

50
36
14
12
2

33
22
11
4

24
3
21
12
9

40
22
18
-

2
1
1
-

14
5
9
2
-

Clerks, accounting, class B __________
Manufacturing .. .
.. ____ .
Nonmanufacturing----- --------------------Public utilities 3 ________________
Wholesale trade _________________
Finance2 ------------------------------------

352
127
225
37
95
65

38.0
38.5
37.5
40.0
36. 0
38.0

78.00
74.00
80.50
107.00
80. 50
71.00

_
_
_
-

_
-

_
_
-

27
2
25
18

35
30
5
5

26
12
14
_
6

49
12
37
24
10

24
14
10
1
8

39
2
37
32
-

22
20
2
-

42
17
25
1
24
-

18
8
10
9

15
1
14
9
5
-

17
1
16
6
10
-

17
2
15
6
_
9

3
1
2
2
-

13
1
12
12
_
-

3
3
_
-

2
1
1
_
_
-

_
-

Clerks, file, class B 4 ________________

59

38. 5

66.00

_

.

.

15

5

11

1

5

16

2

1

3

_

_

_

_

-

_

.

.

Clerks, order ________________________
M anufacturing_____________________
Nonmanufacturing
. . . . . . .
.
Wholesale trade
.. . ______

476
186
290
273

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0

96.50
94. 00
98.50
98. 50

-

9
9
9

13
13
12

-

4
3
1
-

33
19
14
13

48
19
29
29

23
23
-

100
43
57
56

25
18
7
6

69
30
39
31

58
14
44
41

26
65
14 | 1
12
64
12
64

-

1
1
-

2
1
1
-

178
126
52

39.0
39.0
39.0

90.00
93.50
81.00

_
"

-

Clerks, payroll _______________________
Manufacturing .
.
. . __
Nonmanufacturing .
— . . . .

_
■

_
"

16
16

18
18
■

2
1
1

_
■

5
5

17
14
3

1
1
■

20
19
1

8
6
2

31
20
11

5
4
1

6
1
5

o f f i c e b o y 8 ___________________________
Manufacturing _____________________
Nonmanufacturing .
.. ----- Wholesale trade
_ . ___
Finance 2 . __ _
.. ..
Services ..
..
__ . .

698
263
435
94
183
56

38.5
39.5
37. 5
37.0
37.0
38.0

59.00
59.00
58.50
60.50
52.00
53.00

2
2
-

31
8
23
18
-

140
52
88
45
29

141
49
92
18
55
6

137
39
98
41
40
6

95
42
53
14
22
12

49
27
22
13
3
3

20
17
3
3
-

14
6
8
5
-

25
21
4
-

.
-

Tabulating-machine operators,
class A .
.
—
Manufacturing . . .
.
. . . .
Nonmanufacturing__________________
Finance2 ------------------------------------

306
195
111
54

39. 0 103.50
39.5 107.50
96.50
38.0
37.5
85.50

-

-

-

_
-

-

1
1

-

1
1
1

11
11
11

18
7
11
11

35
19
16
14

Tabulating-machine operators,
class B _ .
____
Manufacturing
. . . . . .
Nonmanufacturing
. . . . . .
Wholesale trade
Finance2 -------------------------------------------------------

628
288
340
62
172

38.5
39.5
38.0
38. 0
37. 5

83.00
86.50
80.50
90.50
71.00

_

_

_

1

17

_

.

-

-

-

-

1

17

39
2
37

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

16

37

50
2
48
5
36

80
27
53
3
36

82
45
37
3
24

87
60
27
7
9

Tabulating-machine operators,
class C . ____
____
Manufacturing .
________ ___
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
Finance2
____ _
. ...—
—

300
111
189
119

38.0
38. 5
38.0
37. 5

67.00
70. 50
65.00
59.00

_

_

3

-

-

-

-

46
14
32
31

59
8
51
46

44
13
31
14

20
3
47
9

45
23
22
15

34
29
5
1

10
8
2

Clerks, accounting, class
Manufacturing . . .
Nonmanufacturing .
Wholesale trade ..
Finance2 —
...

See footnotes at end of table.




3
3

-

1

-

i

12
12

22
15
7

5
5
■

1
1
■

9
9
■

_
_
29
5 24
5
-

44

.

.

-

-

-

-

44
-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
-

34
19
15
9

35
20
15
3

26
22
4
2

40
29
11
-

26
14
12
2

24
20
4
-

18
14
4
-

8
7
1
-

66
53
13
6
3

58
32
26
8
-

74
33
41
22

32
17
15
6
-

18
9
9
2
-

6
4
2

15
1
14

_

3
3

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

18
9
9

10
4
6

11

_

.

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

11

_

_

7

Table A-1. Office Occupations-Men and Women—
-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Philadelphia, Pa., November 1961)
N BER O W
UM
F ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM W
E EEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
W
eekly, W
eekly j *35.00 *40.00 *45.00 *50.00 *55.00 *60.00 *65.00 *70.00 *75.00 *80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00
hours
earn gs
in
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 o v e r

Women
B illers, machine (billing m a c h in e )____
Manufacturing ----------- -----------------Nonmanufacturing__ ____ ____ ______

269
131
138

38.0 $72.00
37.5
68.00
38.5
76.00

B illers, machine (bookkeeping
machine) __ ____
__ _ ____ __ _
Nonmanufacturing _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _
Retail t r a d e ----------------------------------

185
141
134

38.5
39.0
39.0

65.50
63.00
62.50

Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class A _ ___
....
- - __
Manufacturing — __
Nonmanufacturing _____ __________ — ____ ____

269
165
104

37.5
38.0
37.0

76.00
80.50
69.00

Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B _____________________________ ___________
Manufactur ing ___________________________ ___ __
Nonmanufacturing__ . . . . . . . . . . . . . _
_
_
Public utilities3 . . . .
. . .
Wholesale trade _ ---------- __ ---------Retail trade ------------ . . . . .
Finance2 -------------------------------------

1, 190
253
937
37
158
82
640

38.5
38.5
38.5
38.0
39.0
38.0
38.0

61.50
69.50
59.50
68.50
70.00
65.50
56.00

Clerks, accounting, class A --------------Manufactur ing . - ...
.. ... ... . ,
Nonmanufacturing ________ __________
Wholesale trade _________________________
Retail t r a d e ________________________________
Finance2 --------------------------------------------------------

1, 145
453
692
101
190
308

38.0
38.5
37.5
38.5
38.5
36.0

81.50
84.50
80.00
91.00
77.50
76.00

Clerks, accounting, class B ___.. . . . ____
Manufacturing ------ . . . .
Nonmanufacturing----------------------------Public utilities 3 _________________
Wholesale trade ---------------------------------------Retail trade --------------------------------------------------Finance 2 _____ _________ ________ ___
Services . . . . . . . . . . . . .
...... .

1,915
503
1,412
195
226
547
315
129

38.0
38.5
37.5
37.5
39.0
38.0
36.0
37.5

66.50
72.00
64.00
79.00
66.50
60.00
59.50
68.50

Clerks, file, class A 4 ____ _____________
Manufacturing ___.. .. ..
___
Nonmanufacturing ------------------- --------Wholesale trade _________________
Finanee2 ___.. . . . . .. __ __ .. _.

403
169
234
67
112

37.5
38.5
37.0
37.0
37.0

71.00
75.50
68.00
73.50
65.50

Clerks, file, class B 4 . ______ .. . _
Manufacturing ----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------- WhnlpRalp traHs
Retail trade ---------------------------------Finance2 _. ------- ----- ------- __

1, 110
270
840
101
111
515

37.5
38.0
37.5
40.0
39.0
36.5

55.50
60.00
54.50
58.00
53.50
52.00

See footnotes at end of table.




_
-

-

60
24
36

23
9
14

76
38
38

3
1
2

28
2
26

_

_

_

_

_

2

6
2
4

1
1

-

42
37
5

-

2

26
17
9

2

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12
12

37
35
34

28
24
24

32
28
24

34
13
11

8
3
3

14
12
12

7
3
3

3
1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7
“

19

31
13
18

39
32
7

13
11
2

32
29
3

16
8
8

21
15
6

17
11
6

22
22
-

1
1
"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19

51
16
35

209
3
206

192
20
172

186
91
95
17
21
12
41

97
38
59
4
40
1
14

48
22
26
5
12
1
8

25
17
8
2
4
2

36
10
26

15
13
2

8
2
6

2

6

2

-

_

-

-

-

-

12
7
153

230
33
197
9
31
29
114

2

6

2

6

-

-

-

32
12
20

51
7
44

113
46
67

142
29
113
6
34
71

176
52
124

160
86
74
18
20
17

77
57
20

.

-

-

_

-

-

10
10
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

-

14

_
_

12

-

2

_

-

_

120
4
116
-

_

10
106

4
202

_

_

12

_

_

-

-

_
_

12

.

_
.

_
_

-

-

-

_

19

_
_
_
_

-

58
2
56

19
_
_

_

-

-

-

16
10

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

10
4
6

4
4

-

10
10

-

_

_

_

-

2

12

-

-

-

44
20
24
10
9
5

16
8
8
4
2
2

30
5
25
22

6
1
5
3

8
4
4

8

2
2

_

-

8
8

_

_

3

2

2
2

-

-

-

-

9
11

13
31

15
47

238
25
213
1
21
113
65
13

354
27
327
13
63
122
115
14

302
89
213
21
22
120
36
14

225
46
179
19
17
63
62
18

273
111
162
36
36
53
9
28

206
96
110
45
20
9
12
24

97
61
36
7
18
2
4
5

25
6
19
6

13

-

-

29
4
25
4

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

"

_
-

_
-

_
-

19

-

_

-

-

12
32
12
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

36
26
10
1

53
53
16
27

70
16
54
8
41

38
10
28
2
20

37
27
10
4

44
17
27
12
4

66
24
42
24
13

17
13
4
1

28
27
1
-

2
2
"

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

13
13

267
27
240
30
33
171

298
48
250
26
34
178

227
73
154
3
21
118

152
61
91
12
9
30

86
24
62
20
12
5

17
8
9

32
25
7
3

14
14
7

3
3

1
1

_
-

2
2
_
-

-

1

10
5
5
5
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

1
12

1

_

-

_
_

_

-

-

26
15
11
9

-

-

-

6

48
14
34
22
6
6

12
-

37
44

-

2

-

77
40
37
16
16
4

173
70
103
24
18
53

_

"

4
2
2
2
-

4
-

4
-

4
-

_
-

_

_
_

-

-

-

_

_

_

Table A-1. Office Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Philadelphia, Pa., November 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A vebaqb

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
W
eekly. W
eekly . 35.00 40.00 45.00 50.00 *55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00
hours1 earnings1 and
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 over

Women— Continued
929
282
647

38.5
38.5
38.0

$50.00
53.00
49.00

-

454

38!o

48! 00

-

Clerks, order _ — . . . . . . —
_
_____
Manufacturing
.. . . ---------------- ---Nonmanufacturing --- ----------- __ __
Wholesale trade --------------------------Retail trade ------------ ------- -------

660
229
431
264
127

38.5
38.5
38.5
38.5
39.5

64.50
75.50
59.00
58.00
59.00

-

Clerks, payroll ____ _______ — — ..
Manufacturing ____ ___________ _______
Nonmanufacturing ____________ ______
Public utilities3 . __ ___
..
Wholesale trade .. _____________
Retail trade __ _ _ .. ------ ---_
Finance2 ________ ____ — —

923
606
317
54
63
97
69

38.0
38.5
37.0
38.0
37.0
38.5
35.5

75.50
77.50
72.50
74.50
85.00
67.50
69.00

-

Comptometer operators ________ ______
Manufacturing .. .----- ------ ------ ---Nonmanufacturing __ ____ — --------Wholesale trade .. ------ . . -----Retail trade _____________________

814
236
578
127
352

38.5
38.5
38.5
39.0
38.0

72.00
76.50
70.00
70.00
65.50

"

Duplicating-machine operators
(Mimeograph or Ditto) __ ____ .. ..
Manufacturing ---------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________

122
52
70

38.0
39.0
37.0

61.50
68.00
56.50

“

Keypunch operators, class A 4 _ ______
_
Manufacturing ---------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------Public utilities3 ----- — —
..........
Finance2 ........... . . . . . .
. —

762
338
424
246
121

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.0
37.5

78.00
80.00
76.50
82.50
65.00

-

Keypunch operators, class B 4 ------ -----M anufacturing____ _________ — ____ _
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------Public utilities3 . — — ----------Wholesale trade ------------------------Retail trade --------------------------------Finance2 ______ ______ - —
_.

1.673
834
839
90
105
103
467

38.5
39.0
37.5
38.5
38.5
38.5
37.0

65.00
66.50
64.00
79.00
70.50
64.50
58.50

-

Clerks, file, class C 4 ...............................
Manufacturing
----------- — — ..
Nonmanufacturing — ____ — ..

See footnotes at end of table.




143 350
“ TF~ 80
125 270
75
100 177

270
106
164

8
8
8

-

5
5
4

63
31
32
1
6

20
13
7

136

63
19
44
4
34

10
6
4

61
61
42
15

131
131
102
29

57
14
43
33
10

55
16
39
33
6

113
33
80
24
56

134
87
47
8
3

22
17
5
5
-

21
16
5
5
-

15
10
5
5
-

26
21
5
5
"

3
3
-

9
9
"

-

2
2
-

1
1
-

4
4
4
-

32
21
11
_
10
1

78
34
44
13
10
17

104
45
59
13
6
22
6

67
29
38
4
18
12

179
148
31
4
3
8
9

113
79
34
6
7
16

142
91
51
10
25
12
4

91
74
17
13
1
3

25
16
9
6
1
-

22
19
3
3
-

24
18
6
5
1

7
4
3
2
1
-

20
19
1
1
-

10
8
2
2
"

16
1
15
15

33
2
31
30

99
7
92
8
77

115
19
96
40
55

121
44
77
27
47

128
48
80
17
32

86
31
55
24
29

73
25
48
2
46

38
22
16
7
9

23
16
7
5

26
18
8
2

1
1
“

45
45
1

5
3
2
2
“

7
7
-

3
2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

1

8

22

16
7
9

19
13
6

4
1
3

20
17
3

_
-

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

22

31
12
19

1
1

8

-

9
_
9
9

6
6
4

75
75
54
13

46
8
38
23
13

79
21
58
5
50

147
98
49
8
23

91
67
24
9
6

63
43
20
3
2

47
35
12
11
1

44
43
1
1
■

128
10
118
118

11
11
-

16
2
14
14

-

24
24
3
21

38
38
3
2
33

204
105
99
5
3
10
81

252
115
137
9
9
24
95

358
183
175
16
14
145

276
137
139
6
15
14
48

209
102
107
19
21
16
33

142
94
48
10
18
9
11

84
6l
23
4
8
11

39
26
13
3
10
-

43
11
32
30
2
-

4
4
4
-

.
-

_

.
-

-

_

-

"

-

2
2
2
"

- !
“ j
_ I

-

-

"

4
4
2
2
■

"

“

■

“

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

■

"

-

“

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

.
-

Table A-1. Office Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division* Philadelphia, P a ., November 1961)
A vebaqb

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly,
Weekly .
hours 4 earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
35.00 40.00 45. 00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65. 00 70.00 75. 00 80.00 85. 00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00
and
under
40.00 45. 00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65. 00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 over

Women— C ontinued
Office girls ________
Manufacturing —
Nonmanufacturing
Finance2 _____

297
124
173
69

37.5
38.5
37.0
36.0

$51.50
54.00
49. 50
49. 00

Secretaries ______________
Manufacturing _______ _
Nonmanufacturing ____
Public utilities 3 ___
Wholesale t r a d e ___
Retail trade ----------Finance 2 ___________
Services _____ _____

6,629
3,407
3, 222
354
845
245
1,315
463

38.5
39.0
38.0
39.0
38.0
38.5
37.0
38.0

91.00
95. 50
86.50
116.00
88.00
81. 50
80. 50
81.00

Stenographers, general4
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _
Public utilities3
Wholesale trade
Retail trade ----Finance 2 _______

4,417
2,328
2,089
395
454
197
990

38.0
39.0
37.5
38.5
37.0
37.5
37.0

72. 00
74.00
70.50
83. 50
74.50
64.00
64.00

998
666
332
45
190

38.5
39.5
36.5
38.0
36.5

1,022
315
707
100
82
136
248
141

38.5
39.0
38.5
40.0
38.0
38.5
37.0
39.5

Stenographers, senior4
Manufacturing -------Nonmanufacturing __
Public utilities3 _
Finance 2 ________
Switchboard operators _______
Manufacturing ____________
N onm anufacturing___ ____
Public utilities3 ________
Wholesale t r a d e ________
Retail trade ___________
Finance2 _______________
S e r v i c e s __________ ____
Switchboard operator-receptionists
Manufacturing _________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________
Public utilities 3 ____________
Wholesale t r a d e ____________
Retail trade ------------------------Services _____________ _____ _

“

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

_

35
17
18
5

22
15
7
2

9
7
2

3
3

3
3

2
2

"

22
9
13
5
8
"

38
11
27
18
9
"

167
30
137
1
15
12
77
32

284
84
200
1
33
21
138
7

551
165
386
10
57
21
216
82

756
245
511
21
109
30
263
88

770
333
437
12
150
26
152
97

825
440
385
17
149
21
146
52

833
544
289
7
91
36
100
55

650
392
258
14
107
19
89
29

405
237
168
27
66
22
48
5

65
49
16
14
2
-

133
23
110
108
2
-

30
12
8
4
-

313 212
226” 180
32
87
12
19
14
26
3
8
28
3
6

102 281
71 159
31 122
11 6 106
11
9
9
7
-

290
162
128
93
2
1
32
-

130
119
11
3
6
2
-

13
8
5
5
_
-

28
24
4
4
_
-

3
3
3
_
-

14
14
14
_
-

_
“

_

_

-

-

_

1
1
1
-

26
26
11
15

186
67
119
7
1
5
106

491
203
288
16
16
33
221

642
260
382
56
66
48
212

794
406
388
65
80
44
187

558
375
183
29
42
31
71

602
349
253
20
107
16
89

443
250
193
20
87
82

278
219
59
15
30
8
2

110
77
33
11
17
5

81. 50
83. 50
78.00
84.50
76.00

_
“

_
-

_
-

“

9
9
4

37
14
23
3
20

115
44
71
3
48

141
113
28
2
26

151
105
46
8
21

134
72
62
11
15

195
156
39
9
19

82
56
26
26

68
49
19
4
11

33
33
-

23
16
7
3
'

7
7
-

3
1
2
2
-

_
_
-

70. 50
78. 50
67.00
90. 50
77.00
58.50
64. 50
56.00

9
9
8
1

-

91
91
15
10
66

65
65
30
12
23

73
9
64
25
31
8

99
16
83
12
13
52
6

190
34
156
2
12
29
107
6

82
32
50
5
4
18
23

133
78
55
18
18
2
17
-

109
79
30
2
19
8
1
-

48
39
9
1
1

84
11
73
57
16
-

27
12
15
14
-

7
3
4
4
.
-

2
1
1
1
-

1
1
1

1
1
1
-

1
1
-

7

-

1

-

~

-

"

“

"

_
_

_

_

-

-

_

779
404
375
44
161
59
62

38.0
38.5
38.0
39.0
38.5
38.0
38.5

66.00
67.00
65. 50
68.00
67.00
62. 00
64.50

-

114




85
28
57
20

-

39.5

98.00

_

Tabulating-machine op erators,

See footnotes at end of table,

136
49
87
42

_

15
12
3
3
“

_

6
6
6
-

_

52
27
25
2
6
4
-

106
5l
55
1
12
15
21

_

_

146
75
71
54
11
4

_

160
68
92
26
20
8
25

_

!

1$~

_

_

-

_

-

-

_
_

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

64

3

4

2

6

9

1

2

95
54
41
4
9
16
5

127
66
61
8
36
2
7

35
21
14
3
11

24
19
5

3
3
-

10
8
2

5

-

j

11

7

3

1

10

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Men and Women—Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Philadelphia, Pa., November 1961)1
6
5
4
3
2
NUM
BER O W RK
P O ERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM W
E EEKLY EARNINGS O
P—

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
W
eekly, W
eekly , 35.00 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00
hours
earn gs
in
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 over

Women— Continued
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B ______________________________
Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________
Public utilities 3 _________________
Finance 2 ________________________

219
63
156
33
95

38.0
39.0
37.5
37.5
37.5

$78.00
85.00
75.00
85.00
72.50

-

"

-

-

9
9
9

28
9
19
2
14

32
32
6
17

29
1
28
1
19

29
8
21
2
19

27
7
20
8
5

27
16
11
7
4

15
6
9
8

9
6
3
3
-

4
4
-

2
2
"

4
4
_
-

4
_
4
4
-

_
-

-

"

Tabulating-machine operators,
class C .......................................................
Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________

349
59
290

37.5
39.5
37.5

64.50
82.00
61.00

"

7
7

9
9

10
10

129
_
129

78
2
76

21
21

27
6
21

5
5

45
38
7

13
8
5

2
2
-

1
1
-

2
2
-

_
-

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

Transcribing-machine operators.
general ___________ __ ______________
Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing _______ _________
Wholesale trade --------------------------Finance2 --------------------------------------

778
273
505
152
235

38.0
38.5
37.5
38.5
37.0

65.00
68.50
63.00
68.00
58.50

-

-

34
2
32
26

98
23
75
5
49

167
49
118
26
71

119
36
83
24
33

108
41
67
23
31

97
35
62
38
16

60
22
38
22
9

63
48
15
12

17
9
8
2

1
1
_

6
3
3
_

3
3
-

5
5
_

_

_

-

-

_

Typists, class A _______________________
Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________
Public utilities 3 -------------------------Finance 2 ________________________
Services _________________________

1,280
598
682
223
279
80

38.5
39.5
37.5
39.5
37.0
38.0

76.50
79.00
74.00
89.00
63.50
71.00

.
_
-

.
-

9
9
9
-

25
3
22
22
-

97
17
80
26
44
-

157
43
114
7
85
13

175
54
121
5
82
12

184
98
86
13
19
37

142
103
39
12
4
12

104
76
28
9
6
“

113
85
28
15
8
"

Ill
86
25
6
_
6

50
27
23
23
_
-

103
6
97
97

10
10
10
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

Typists, class B _______________________
Manufacturing „_____________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________
Public utilities 3 _________________
Wholesale trade __________________
Retail trade _____________________
Finance 2 ________________________
Services _________________________

3,864
1, 246
2, 618
49
438
452
1,539
140

38.0
39.0
37.5
38.5
39.0
38.5
36.5
38.5

58.00
61.00
57.00
76.50
61.00
56.00
55.00
60.00

6
6
6

20
20
14
6

368
53
315
7
76
225
7

946
227
719
3
56
136
514
10

1065
340
725
2
136
83
457
47

703
265
438
6
116
67
203
46

396
175
221
12
58
25
110
16

206
102
104
8
36
50
3
7

84
36
48
1
25
15
7

42
40
2
2
-

3
2
1
1
_

7
3
4
4
-

13
2
11
11
_

2
2
2
-

!
1
-

-

2
2
2
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

.
_
_
_

~

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Description for this job has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.
5 Workers were distributed as follows: 119 at $ 130 to $ 135; 1 at $ 135 to $ 140; 4 at $ 140 to $ 145.
6 Workers were distributed as follows: 47 at $ 130 to $ 140; 25 at $ 140 to $ 150; 34 at $ 150 and over.




11
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations-Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Philadelphia, P a ., November 1961)
A ebaob
v
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly.
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

1
I
S
Under *60.00 *65.00 *70.00 *75.00 *eo.oo *85.00 *90.00 *95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 *120.00 125.00 130.00 140.00 *150.00 *160.00 170.00 180.00 190.00
and
$
and
under
60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 140.00 150.00 160.00 170.00 180.00
190.00 over

Men
256
12G
136

8
7
1

4
2
2

16
10
6

18
13
5

22
13
9

47
23
24

42
23
19

61
21
40

38
g
*30

163
148
15

107
103
4

112
107
5

135
96
39

177
52
125

155
80
75

41
41

42
2
40

“

■

32

58
2
56
8

8

32
8

8
"

71
4
67
"

1
1
_

11
11

4
4

2
2

1
1

40.0 $168.00
163.50
39 5
4ol 0
172. 50

1.494
1,084
410

39.5
39.5
39.0

124.00
118.00
140.00

_
-

■

"

8
8
"

"

11
11
■

17
16
1

45
43
2

53
42
11

134
110
24

166
145
21

128
121
7

Draftsmen, junior
Manufacturing
—
Nonmanufacturing ------------------- -------Public utilities 1 ----- — ----- .. .---- —
3
* 4

731
363
368
44

39.5
39.5
39.5
37.5

98.50
88.50
108.50
110.00

19
19
"

19
19
■

10
5
5
“

27
23
4
■

21
19
2
“

49
40
9
“

52
37
15
1

124
70
54
■

69
58
11
3

97
47
50
7

32
15
17
17

41
3
38

T ra r«r»

110
91

30.0
38.5

50. 00 74
56.50 470

22
11

4
4

12
2

3
3

3

1
1

268
214
54

39.0
39.0
38.5

95.50
95.50
94. 00

1
1

3
3

7
1
6

20
19
1

34
31
3

34
25
9

46
32
14

30
27
3

25
21
4

30
27
3

12
12

Draftsmen, senior Manufacturing
N onm anufacturing---------------------------

-

1
1
-

■

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

“

■

2
2

.
-

-

-

Women
Nurses, industrial (registered) _
M anufacturing----------------- ----- ---------N onm anufacturing----------------- ----------

1
*
3
4

-

6
2
4

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Workers were distributed as follows: 20 at $ 190 to $ 195; 10 at $ 200 to $205.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Workers were distributed as follows: 26 at $ 50 to $ 55; 44 at $ 55 to $ 60.




.
-

12

Table A-3. Office, Professional and Technical Occupations-Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Philadelphia, P a ., November 1961)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
worker*

Average
weekly .
earnings1
(Standard)

Office occupations

Occupation and industry division

269
131
138

$72.00
68.00
76.00

Billers, machine (bookkeeping machine)
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------Retail trade ------------------------------------

185
141
134

65.50
63.00
62.50

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A
Manufacturing _____— -------------------- —
Nonmanufacturing------------------------------

269
165
104

76.00
80. 50
69.00

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B
M anufacturing______________________
Nonmanufacturing___ ____ _ ________
_
Public utilities 2 -------------- —
---------Wholesale t r a d e ---------------------------Retail trade ---------------------------------Finance3 _________________________

1.198 _
254
944
39
158
82
645

61. 50
69.50 Clerks, order ______
59.50
Manufacturing ___
Nonmanufacturing
68.00
70.00
Whole sale trade
65. 50
Retail trade ---56.00

Clerks, accounting, class A
M anufacturing--------------Nonmanufacturing --------Public utilities 2 ------Wholesale t r a d e -------Retail t r a d e _________
Finance3 ____ _____ ....
Services --------------------

1.63Q
656
974
79
220
209
390
76

86.00
88.50
84.00
96.50
93.00
80.00
79.00
84.50

Clerks, accounting, class B
Manufacturing --------------Nonmanufacturing --------Public utilities 2 ____
Wholesale t r a d e -------Retail trade -------------Finance3 ------------------Services --------------------

2. 267
630
1,637
232
321
570
380
134

68.00
72.50
66.50
83.50
70.50
60.00 Duplicating-machine operators
(Mimeograph or Ditto) -----------61. 50
Manufacturing ---------------------68.00
Nonmanufacturing ----------------

See footnotes at end of table,




Average
weekly ,
earnings*
(Standard)

441 ....
191
250
35
69
118

Clerks, file, class B 4 ____
M anufacturing-------------Nonmanufacturing -------Public utilities 2 -___
Wholesale trade ____
Retail trade ------------Finance3 ------------------

1. 169
288
881
36
113
111
534

$56.00
61.00
54.50
71.00
57.00
53.50
52.00

Clerks, file, class C 4 ____
Manufacturing -------------Nonmanufacturing _____
Retail trade ------------Finance3 ___________

949
284
665
139
472

50.00
53.00
49.00
46.50
48.00

1. 136
415
721
537
144

78.00
83.50
75.00
78.50
63.50

1. 101
732
369
69
75
113
75

78.00
80.50
73.50
82.00
79.50
70.00
69.00

Clerks, payroll -------Manufacturing ----Nonmanufacturing .
Public utilities 2
Wholesale trade
Retail trade ---Finance3 ______
Comptometer operators
Manufacturing -------Nonmanufacturing —
Wholesale trade _.
Retail t r a d e -------

72.00
76.00 Keypunch operators, class A 4
Manufacturing -----------------69. 50
78.50
Nonmanufacturing -----------73.50
Public utilities 2 ______
65.50
Finance3 ----------------------

Number
of

Average
weekly .
earning*
(Standard)

1,678

Occupation and industry division

$65.00
66. 30
64. 00
79. 00
70. 50
64.50
58. 50

Office occupations— Continued

Office occupations—-Continued

Billers, machine (billing machine) -----M anufacturing--------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------

Clerks, file, class A 4 .
Manufacturing -------Nonmanufacturing —
Public utilities 2 .
Wholesale trade ..
Finance3 _______

Number
of
worker*

814
23T~1
578
127
352

157
73
84
764
339
425
246
121

72.00
76.50
70.00
70.00
65.50

Keypunch operators, class B 4
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2
Wholesale trade .
Retail trade
Finance3 __

“

5J5“

843
90
105
103
468

Office boys and girls _
Manufacturing _ ...
_
Nonmanufacturing ..
Public utilities 2
Wholesale trade .
Retail trade
Finance 3
Services .

??5
38?

608
73
139
67
252
77 .

S e cre ta rie s ------ —
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ..
Public utilities 2
Wholesale t r a d e __
Retail trade __
Finance3 ..
Services

6,670
3, 4l5
3,255
358
869
249
1, 316
463

Stenographers, general4
Manufacturing ------ —
Nonmanufacturing —
Public utilities 2
Wholesale trade .
Retail trade -----Finance 3 _ _—
_
|
Stenographers, sen ior4
Manufacturing ______
Nonmanufacturing ---Public utilities 2
Finance3 ______

4,425

62.00
67.00
57.00 Switchboard operators
M anufacturing____
Nonmanufacturing ..
78.00
Public utilities 2
80.00
Wholesale trade
76.50
Retail trade
82.50
Finance 3 __
65.00
Services __

2, 328

2,097
399
454
197
994
999
557~ 1

332
45
190
",

1,028
r3ig
713
100
87
137
248
141

56. 50
57. 50
56.00
79. 50
56. 50
51. 00
51.50
53.00
91. 00
9 5 . 50

86. 50
116.00
87. 50
81. 50
80.50
81.00
72. 00
74. 00
70. 50
84. 00
74. 50
64.00
64. 00
82.00
83.50
78. 00
84. 50
76. 00
70. 50
~ 7 8 . 50

67. 00
90. 50
79.00
58. 50
64. 50
56.00

13

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations-Men and Women Combinedl—Continued
(Average straight-time weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Philadelphia, P a ., November 1961)

Occupation and industry division

Number

of

worker*

Average
weekly j
earning*
(Standard)

Switchboard op era tor-recep tion ists------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------N onm anufacturing----------------------------------Public utilities 1 --------------------------------2
Wholesale t r a d e ______________________
Retail t r a d e ----------------------------------------

792
417
375
44
161
59
62

Tabulating-machine operators, class A ____
Manufacturing ----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _______ — --- -------—__—
Finance 3 4____________________________
_
Tabulating-machine operators, class B —
—
Manufacturing ----------------------------------------N onm anufacturing________ _______ ____ —
Public utilities 2 --------------------------------Wholesale t r a d e ___. . . ___ _____________
Finance3 _____________________________

420
219
201
73

1
2
3
4

of

Average
weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

Occupation and industry division

$66.00
66.50
65.50
68.00
67.00
62.00
64. 50
102.00
108.50
95.50
85.50

qAn
o4f

351
496
64
79
267
649
------- T7TJ—

479
71
152

86.50
78.50
94.00
85.50
71.50
65.50
74. 50
62.50
68.50
58.00

Transcribing-machine operators, g e n e r a l----------M anufacturing_______ __________ ___ __________
Nonmanufacturing ------------- ---------------------------------Wholesale trade
Finance 3 __ _ ______ ________ _____________ _
_

Typists, class A
— _
---- — ~
Manufacturing __ _ — _ ---------Nonmanufacturing------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 ___________________________
Finance3 ---- ------ ~ —
—
------- —

Typists, class B .. _ . __ — ..
_

________

..

Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 _
--------Wholesale t r a d e -----------------------------------------Retail t r a d e ______________ ___ ________ ___
Finance 3 ___________ ......__________________
S e r v ic e s __

778
273
505
152
235

$65.00
66. 50
63.00
68.00
58.50

of

worker*

Average
weekly j
earning*
(Standard)

1,294
"602
692
225
281
80

76.50
79.00
74.00
88.50
63.50
71.00

3,899
" l l 259
2, 640
52
444
461
1, 543
140

58. 50
61.00
57.00
76.00
61. 00
56.00
55.00
60.00

Draftsmen, leader ..
Manufa c tur i ng __
Nonmanufacturing

256
120
136

$168.00
163.56
172.50

Draftsmen, senior M anufacturing__
Nonmanufacturing

1, 527
1,115
412

124.00
118.00
140.00

Draftsmen, ju n io r ___
Manufacturing ____
Nonmanufacturing .
Public utilities2

770
392
378
44

97. 50
87.50
108.50
110.00

Tracers ________
Manufacturing

127
94

59.00
5b. 50

Nurses, industrial (registered) _
Manufacturing ___ _______ ____
Nonmanufacturing _____ ______

273
219
54

95.50
66.66
94. 00

Earnings are for a regular workweek for which employees receive their straight-time weekly salaries, exclusive of any premium pay.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Description for this job has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




Number

Professional and technical occupations

Office occupations— Continued

Office occupations-—Continued

Tabulating-machine operators, class C
Manufacturing _______________— ----Nonmanufacturing ------------------------ —
Wholesale t r a d e -------------------------Finance3 _______________________

Number

Occupation and industry division

14

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Philadelphia, Pa., November 1961)

Occupation and industry division

Carpenters, maintenance _____________
_
_
Manufacturing
.
Nonmanufacturing
—
Retail trade
Electricians, m aintenance____________
Manufacturing ------- ---- ---------- — ----- Nonmanufacturing ______________ -__Public utilities2

N ber
um
of
w
orker*

NUM
BER O W
F ORKERS RECEIVIN STRAIGH
G
T-TIM H U
E O RLY EARNINGS O
F
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Under 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80
A 5T,
C
earnings1 $
and
and
1.60 under
1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.30 2.60 2.70 2.00 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 over

826 $2.98
5o2T” 2.92
320
3.08
2 68
111
143
3.73

-

_
-

_
-

3
_
3

-

-

-

.

.

3

-

3

3

9
9

7
7

44
31
13

18
7
11

-

-

1

-

2

3

-

20
14
6
-

-

-

3

3

2

3

3

49
44
5

73
26
47
3

8

-

158
1§7
1

199
l6*
37

60
54
6
6

138
1*0
8
8
2

52
35
17

20
16
4

17

4

37
$
32
26
6

46
39
7
1
-

55
36
19
12
2

70
70
"

40
39
1

17
14
3

102
102
■

29
*5
4

8
8
“

16
16
“

27
23
4

99
66
33
14

84
61
23
23

212
44
168
165

142
110
32
31

8
3
5
“

34
34

:

“

86
82
4
"

“

-

13
13

10
10

25
2$

2
2

8
8

41
41

288
288

■

_
~

26
26
”

7
7
“

16
16
”

35
35
"

71
71
”

253
132
121
121

120
120
“

66

13
13

-

-

-

25
17
8

2
2

144
6
138
131
6

101
12
89
73

268
110
39
71

160
1$9

159
147

297
276

4
4
4

.
-

108
7
101

-

1
1
1

3101

_
-

3!
2$
14

152
133
19
19

Firemen, stationary b o i l e r -----------------Manufacturing ■ ----------------------- ----„
Nonmanufacturing

475
407
68

2.40
*.45
2.07

8
68

2
.
2

10
4
6

14
6
8

18
18
-

48
48
“

41
9
32

Helpers, maintenance trades _________
Manufactur ing
Nonmanufacturing---------------------- ---Public utilities2

961
6*3
338
253

2.38
*.45
2.26
2.37

40
21
19
"

6
1
5
•

15
10
5
“

4
3
“

41
39
2
1

38
18
20
“

577
i n

2.93
“ 2.93—

-

_
“

-

-

“

1.438
1 , *26
212
211

2.98
2.97
3.02
3.02

“

_
■

_

■

~

-

-

-

-




17

182
168
14
-

55
40
15
2
7
6

See footnotes at end of table.

4

81
60
21
8
13

6
2
4
4

2.83
2.83

-

104
76
28
20
7

56
39
17
1
16

1.856
1,808

1

96
58
38
3
35

42
42
30
12

Mechanics, maintenance
Manufacturing

137
1*9
8

69
52
17
3
14

21
1
20
4
16

Public utilities 2 — ------ — ____ __—
W% 1asaIa ft*«/IA
1a

22
5
17

1

2
2
2

2.81
2.77
2.82
2i83
2.83

6
2
4

2

_
_

998
Z89”
709
514
131

32
32
-

277
265
12
9
3

_

Mechanics, automotive
(maintenance) ,,, ,
. ___ ......
Manufacturing .........— —----- .. .— ___

97
84
13
7
4

99
$7
2

2.59
2.65
2.43
2.78
2.34
1 7»
i. Q7

Machinists, maintenance ______________
Manufacturing
--------- .
Nonmanufacturing -— -------------------- —
Public utilities2

4

105
99
6
2
4

187
17$
8
4
4

902
637
265
58
126
50

Machine-tool operators,
toolroom —

21
l6
5

94
47
47
42
4

2.97
2.97
2.95
2 99
3 32

—

101
46
55
54

138
1*7
11
8
1

1.634
1, 36$
265
] 04
95

Engineers, stationary
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2
Finance 5

90
34
56
42

-

1

85
85

8
8

117
117

68
68

1*8

36

4 14

7
7

17
l6
1
-

15
14
1
_

7
7
-

9
9
9
-

-

9
6
3
-

-

-

“

25
*5
“

~

”

”

”

“

”

“

29
*$

37
37

24
*4

67
67

11
11

3
3

2
*

3
3

“

14
14

118
10$
13
13

191
1$1
*

113
113
-

69. 264
69 258
6
6

4
4
4

1
1
“

69
1
68
67

“

171
26
145
140
5

98
9
89
44
8

58
58
21
37

22
11
11
7
4

17
8
9
9

36
*9
7
7

43
43
43

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

106
102

275
27$

229
2*5

62
62

21
*1

254
248

16

-

30

IT

15

TS "

_

15
1$
-

15
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupation^-Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Philadelphia, Pa., November 1961)

Occupation and industry division

Millwrights

N ber
um
of
w
orker*

Under *1.60 *1.70
earning*1 l
and
1.60 under
1.70 1,80

Pipefitters, maintenance
Nonmanufactur ing
Public utilities 2 ________________
Plum bers, maintenance
lOiiKlie utilities2

2.00

2.19
2.19

35
35

57
57

472
*6$
203
58
65

2.77
2.87
2.63
2.98
2.19

14

4
4

914
850
64
64

2.97
2.95
3.24
3.24

111
83
29

2.75
275T~
2.64

227
185

2.87

40

2.10

2.20

2.30

$2.92
2793“

2.80

2.00

3.00

3.10

3.20

5
5

50
So

51
Si

77
77

13
13

71
71

5
S
_

3.20
3.20

2.40

2.50

2.60

2.70

10
10

4
3

2.80

1. 198
1,196

Nonmanufacturing -------------------------PiiKlie utilities 1*
24
6
......

1.90

7
7

308
307
397
393

Oilers

( number of workers receiving 8T MIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNING8 O
1
F
$
$
$
«
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
8
S
$
1.80 1.90 *2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20

-

-

-

-

1
_

7
7

6
6

7
-

-

-

-

7

14

20

1

-

14

—

2

14

-

-

13
13

-

7
7

%

3. 30

3.40

8
8

20
19

37
37

28
28

35
35

38
35“

27
28
27 T T

52

20
20

8
g

20

2
2

11
9
2

20
1
19

2

73
72
1
1

50
26
24
22

19

39
26
13
12
1

3
2
1

2

27
21
6
4
1

12
8
4

16

33
30
3
1
2

13
13

-

4
4

42
42

53
S3

69
67
2
2

35
24
11
11

39
39

98
98

-

-

91
7$
16
16

66
66
_
-

81
81
_
-

27
26

5
2

2
2

15
9

5
_

1
1

22
22

27
27

49
47

31
31

8
7

19
19

109
109

150
150

387
387

12
12

2
2

1
1

4
4

1
1

2
1

14
11

6
4

4

1

20
67
20 “ 49“
18
1ft
lO

23
23
_
-

Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing:
Pnhlir utilities 2

1
2
*
4
s
6

Z 3 T

-

-

45
_
45

_
_

6

_

3
2

1
1

6
6

_

_
_

1
_

27
_
27
27

_
_

_

"

1
_
1
1

6
6

_
_

-

_

9
9

-

-

_

1
1

8
8

6
1

_
_

1

7%
4J

-

-

-

-

.

13
13

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
All workers were at $ 4 to $4.10.
All workers were at $4.30 to $4.40.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
All w orkers were at $ 1.50 to $ 1.60.




S
s
$
3.50 *3.60 3.70 3.80
and
3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 over

3.40

1
_
1
1

249

Sheet-metal w orkers,
maintenance

$

4
4

14

3.30

_
-

-

6
6

9
9

13
2

25
4

U

.

21

15
15

38
38

_

2
18
16

41
41

65
65

212
U

z ~

83
83

53
ST”

18
18

16

Table A -5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Philadelphia, Pa., November 196])

Occupation1 and industry division

Elevator operators, passenger
(men) ______________________________
Manufacturing ____________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________
Public utilities 3 ______________
Retail trade ___________________
Finance4 ----------------------------------

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

NUM
BER O W
F ORKERS RECEIVIN STRAIGHT-TIM H U
G
E O RLY EARNIN O
GS F—
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
A
verage
hourly , Under 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40
and
earnings
$
and
under
1.00
1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2,80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3,30 3.40 over

-

_
-

10
10
8
2

96
2
94
4
90

1
1
"

99
12
87
57
24

78
5
73
1
66

64
64
24

16
16
-

1
1
1

3
3
3

5
4
2
2

81
80
64
lb

32
25
21

-

-

168
168
3

34
4
30
21

31
2
29
18

46
2
44
44

50
50
50

1.86
2.00
1.70
2.19
1.86
1.50
1.65

22
22
-

108
108
98

1 .4 2

22

10

183
27
156
_
22
7
127

183
55
128
12
91
17
8

132
49
83
46
16
21

345
90
255
3
215
35
2

399
79
320
2
5
151
44
118

2, 375
573
1, 802
208
53
250
1, 112
179

1.44
1.70
1.35
1.90
1.25
1.27
1.30
1.21

42
42
23
5 19

32
32
6
20
6

189
58
131
17
43
42
29

694
694
12
121
456
105

582
59
523
2
26
480
15

151
47
104
5
12
16
71
-

8, 067
4, 193
3,874
1, 634
1, 045
1, 187

2.13
2.15
2.11
2.41
2.04
1.77

-

50
50

135
135

207
22
185

128
33
95

60
125

30
57

$ 1.68
1.96
1.62
2.37
1.56
1.64

9
9
-

32
32
-

259
222
91
56

1.47
1.41
1.39
1,62

-

Guards ______________________________
Manufacturing ____________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________
PinanrA^

2,415
999
1,416
251

1.72
2.26
1.34
1.71

Janitors, porters, and cleaners
(men) . . _______.. ._____________ ........
Manufacturing ____________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________
Public utilities 3 ______________
Wholesale trade _______________
Retail trade ___________________
Pinanrp^
Services _______________________

6, 247
3, 316
2,931
691
102
845
771
522

Janitors, porters, and cleaners
(women) __________ ____________________
Manufacturing ____________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________
Public utilities 3 ______________
Wholesale trade _______________
Retail trade ----------------------------Finance4 ______________________
Services _______________________
Laborers, material handling ------------Manufacturing ____________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________
utilities ^
Wholesale trade _______________
Retail trade -----------------------------

Elevator operators, passenger
(women) ___________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________
Retail trade ___________________

Order fillers -------------------------------------Manufacturing ____________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________
Wholesale trade _______________
Retail trade ___________________

See footnotes at end of table.




-

-

_

-

_

_

-

_

-

85
14
71

49
49
-

97
93
4

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

_
_

-

20
15
5
2

183
66
117
114

31
25
6
1

3

3

5

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

666 1463 1032
391 899 400
275 564 632
177 456 408
48 103 198
5
50
26

724
166
558
315
194
49

481
183
298
192
2
104

4
4
-

2
2
-

_
-

-

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

-

-

29
19
10
10

-

6
_
6
6

9
6
3
3

74
20
54
54

14

902
902

678
109
569
30
82
404

2,916
1, 074
1,842
1, 101
741

2.24
2.17
2.29
2.25
2.34

-

-

_

_

_

-

50

135

_

4
4
4

18
18
6
12

42
20
22
12
10

35
25
10
_
10

22
20
2

3
218

2
2
2

28
26

2
-

25
1

40
2
38
38

152
127
25
25

50
27
23
23

873
230
643
1
3
57
387
195

410
149
261
12
5
10
218
16

565
468
97
31
26
13
24
3

669
448
221
121
15
67
18

136
66
70
14
6
10
35
5

167
105
62
60

44
29
15
1

14
10
4
1

2
-

9
5

3

178
85
93

554
260
294

236
173
63

124
71
53

42
51

267
27

15
48

24
29

52

40
24
16
12
4

220
52
168
162
6

96
26
70
69
1

221
221
-

146
74
72
63
9

-

16
16
16

2
2
2

2
2
-

12
12

-

-

-

-

2
2

74 168
72 ” i6o
2
8
2
8

158
143
15
15

139
135
4
4

170
167
3

491
395
96
40
51
5

432
296
136
118
11
7

584
334
250
226
18
6

617
590
27
23
4
-

164
95
69
69

19
19
-

37
22
15
15

45
4
41
41

51
51

175
123
52

755
458
297

623
578
45

_

12
285

3
42

370
216
154
86
21
47

53
21
32
27
5

-

_
2

232
132
100
6
94

58
49
9
9

18
18

-

-

203
173
30
30

-

193
34
159
156
3

78
58
20
20

105
47
58
58

199
157
42
36
6

12

877
159
718
269
449

166
166
75
91

19
6
13

141
123
18

12

14
4

1
58
58
54
4

!
1
-

32
27
5
3
2

17
Table A -5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Philadelphia, P a ., November 1961)

Occupation 1 and industry division

of
w
orkers

NUM
BER O W RK
F O ERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM H RLY EARNIN O
E OU
GS F—
$
$
$
s
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
hourly 2 Under 1. 00 1. 10 1. 20 1.30 1.40 1. 50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2.40 2. 50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3. 10 3.20 3.30 3.40
and
earnings $
and
ander
1.00
1. 10 1. 20 1.30 1.40 1,50 1.60 1,70 1.80 1.90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2.30 2.40 2. 50 2.60 2,70 2, $0 2,90 ?,0Q 3, 10 3,20
3.40 over

Packers, shipping (men)
____ __
M anu factu ring--------------------------------___
Nonmanufacturing

1,283
885
398

Retail trade ________ _______ _____

176

$1.84
1.94
1.62
1 55
1.70

Packers, shipping (women) ___ __ __ _
M anu factu ring_____________________
Retail trade _____________________

404
145
259
214

1.56
1.60
1.55
1. 58

Receiving clerks ___
__
__ _ __
Manufacturing
____ __ —
Nonmanufacturing
__.. . . . . . .
_ ___
_
__
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
_ _ . __ __ _. .

776
408
368
146
205

2. 16
2. 29
2.01
2. 12
1.93

■

Shipping c l e r k s ________________________
_
Manufacturing _ _____________ _____
Nonmanufacturing __________________
_____ —
Wholesale trade ..

530
348
182
152

2.32
2.40
2. 16
2. 17

Shipping and receiving clerks __ .. ___
Manufacturing ___ -.
.
___
_
Nonmanufacturing . . . _ _________...
Wholesale t r a d e _________________
Retail trade _____________________

431
151
280
61
178

___ _ ______ _
Truckdrivers 6 ____
Manufacturing _______ _______________
Nonmanufacturing
_____________ _
Public utilities3 _____ __ ___
Wholesale t r a d e _________________
Retail trade __ ___ .. .. -.

8,031
2,210
5,821
3,535
1,638
620

Truckdrivers, light (under
IV2 tons) — — . .
_.
.. .
Manufacturing __________________
N onm anufacturing_______________
Truckdrivers, medium (lVz to and
including 4 tons) __________________
Manufacturing __ . . . . .
. —
Nonmanufacturing _______________
Public utilities 3 ______________
Wholesale t r a d e ----------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




22?

-

8
8

4
4

-

8

4

-

1
1

39

39
16
23
12
11

86
50
36
18
18

116
90
26
12
14

185
57
128

39
39

50
30
20
20

68
30
38
14

10
10
10

2
2
2

8
8
8

_
“

_
"

_
“

_

2.46
2.30
2.54
2. 55
2.62

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

"

“

“

2.67
2.66
2.67
2.62
2.77
2.71

.
■

"

_
-

1
1
“

”

1

102
91
11
3
8

48
9
39
21

31
9
22
19

16
16
16

23
23
23

26
26
12
11

4
1
3
2

6
6
5

24
6
18
12
5

3
3
3

6
6
"

10
10
9

-

7
7

“

"

26

151
72
79
72
7

99
65
34

86
71
15

57
54
3

33
31
2

99
99
-

109
97
12

-

14
14
-

14
14
-

3
2
1

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

4
4
-

34

15

3

2

-

12

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

75
61
14
14

26
26
26

3
3
3

18
18
18

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

43
4
39
12
27

61
31
30
24
3

45
18
27
9
18

80
34
46
6
40

81
69
12
6
6

71
41
30
1
25

105
65
40
6
32

53
35
18
13
5

56
49
7
5
-

48
19
29
25
4

28
12
16
15
1

11
11
“

4
3
1
1

1
-

2
2
-

7
7
-

-

-

24
24
24

6
4
2
“

22
22
18

35
30
5
“

73
67
6
3

33
4
29
24

31
22
9
5

38
37
1
“

48
29
19
18

53
27
26
25

62
49
13
11

38
29
9
9

24
21
3
3

6
5
1
“

1
1
-

17
17
"

■

_
"

.
"

6
5
1

19
8
11

9
8
1

9
8
1

■

1

11

1

“

34
25
9
6
3

4
4
4
"

21
21
“

7
1
6
6

27
27
”

11
9
2
“

34
11
23
3
16

160
19
141
42
99

36
14
22
3
19

6
6
6

4
4
4

36
22
14
3
11

1
1
1

.
■

.
■

“

6
6
6
~

.
■

10
6
4
“

20
6
14
1
6
6

18
17
1
1
“

23
12
11
2
5

27
23
4
-

20
16
4
4
~

70
62
8
8
■

84
41
43
20
18
5

168
41
127
122
5

77
58
19
5
"

235 4012 1975
227 712 277
8 3300 1698
7 2595 737
526 627
1 179 334

470
332
138
33
20
85

369
357
12
12
“

356
5
351
351
-

18
18
18
"

34
16
18
18
-

17
2
15
15
"

21
21
21
-

h i

56
16
3
13

j

388
247
141

2.43
2. 51
2.30

“

"

"

1
1

6
6

“

10
6
4

3,472
1,169
2,303
1,820
296

2.65
2. 69
2.62
2.62
2.67

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

1
1

23
12
11

4
4

11
9
2

22
18
4

15
7
- ----- 5"
15
1

6
6

17
17

-

23
23

9
7
2
2

36
32
4
4

69
41
28
10
18

25
25
20

3
1
2

33
16
17
3

109
67
42

75
42
33

"

20
20
■

■

“

“

"

■

147 2000
141 216
6 1784
5 1519
98

543
1*9
404
224
180

276
*43
33
33

288
288
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

67
—

w

1

18
Table A -5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Philadelphia, P a ., November 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation1 and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
5
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Avenge
hourly , Under 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3. 00 3.10 3.20 3. 30 3.40
earnings
and
*
L. 00 1.10 1.20 1. 30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2. 20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3. 00 3. 10 3.20 3. 30 3.40 over

Truckdrivers: 4* Continued
—
6
Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
trailer type)
.
..
___
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _ .. ___
Public utilities 1 _____________
3
2
Wholesale t r a d e _____________

2, 425
— W T~
2, 042
1, 000
860

$2.73
i : 6-6"
2.74
2.68
2. 81

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than trailer t y p e ) ___________
Mamifa rfii ring
Nonmanufacturing
______
Whnloaal* trari*

574
215
359
290

2.76
2.67
2 . 82
2. 87

Truckers, power (fo r k l i f t ) ----- -----------Manufacturing_____________________
Nonmanufacturing_ _______________
_
Wholesale t r a d e ________________
Rafail fraria

2, 225
1, 671
554
212
278

2.33
2.26
2.54
2.51
2. 56

360
337

1.71
.... o r
1.55
1. 97
l! 33
1.59
1. 33

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

.

.

-

.

Truckers, power (other than
forklift)
___
_, _________
Xifamifartnring
Watchmen
_
. . . .
Manufacturing ______
____ .
Nonmanufacturing--------------------------OnKlinHlitiAfl
ru ou c ttuiiucB ^
Retail t r a d e ------------------------------Finance 4 _____ _____ ., . „.,
__
Services
_
_ .

1
2
9
4
*
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

.

.

_

_

_

_

12
12

-

.

-

-

.

-

18
16

24
24
24

75
72
3

238
256
-

3

305
366
5
5

149
154
15
12

128
124
4
3

340
286
54
52

193
168
24
12
10

1
1

-

-

_
.

.

40
40
8
24
8

-

6
6

46 115
4^ "TIT

35
55

38
38

51
51

30
9
21

48
48
-

61
49
12
12

62
29
33
33

52
52

1
20

-

124
52
92
8
32
14
2

-

77
25
52
15
25

-

105
32
73
2
24
28
7

-

-

-

102
64
38

76
27
49

81
31
50

64
40
24

11
12
15

6
32
8

47

24

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Workers were distributed as follows: 2 at $0. 70 to $0. 80; 2 at $0. 80 to $0. 90; 15 at $0. 90 to $ 1.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




30
3 972 1021
89
- “ I T — r T 5 T “ n r “ 5T
714 1011
8
510 490
8
192 351

-

2.19
2. 18

1.059
525
531
105
118
182
60

_

-

99
52
47
42

-

12
12

-

5
5

12

296
93
203
149

87
66
18
3

12
12

222
128
94
75
14

354
110
244
54
139

119
37
82
44
38

26
2i
5
3
2

38
56

-

16
15'

2

2
2

2
2

31
3l

5
5

-

1
1
-

309
309
309

-

13
1
12
12

47
5
42
42

18
18

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

-

18

■

“

34
16
18
18

15
15

21
21

-

32
' 32
-

-

-

-

10
16

17

"

21

2




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

19

Table B-l. Shift Differentials
(Shift differentials o f m anufacturing plant w o rk e rs by type and amount o f differential,
P hiladelphia, P a ., N ovem ber 1961)
P e rce n t o f m anufacturing plant w ork ers—
In establishm ents having form a l
p ro v isio n s 1 fo r—

Shift differential

A ctually w orking on—
T hird o r other
shift

Second shift
w ork

86.4

T o t a l ......................................

T hird o r other
shift w ork

83.2

14.4

5.8

Second shift

.

83.5

80.3

14.1

5.6

U niform cents (per h o u r ) __________________

41.3

37.7

7.0

2.9

4 c e n t s _____ ____________________________
5 cents
. . . .
5 V cents
3
___
6 cents
.
.
.
7 cents
______
_____
7 V cents
2
___
.
—
8 cents
9 cents
_
10 cents „ 1- ____ - ___ __________________
11 cents „ __ ___ ___ ________________
_
12 cents
____ . __ ___________________
13, 13 V3 , o r 14 cents
15 cents .,.. _
_
___ , ........... ,,
16 cents
__
—
O ver 16 cents —

.9
7. 9
.5
2.4
2.1
5.7
8.2
.8
8.0
.4
2.5

.9
1.2
.5
.
.3
4.5
1.5
1.0
11.7
5.9
1.7
3.7
3.7

.1
1.4
(2 )
.7
.4
1.0
1.4
.3
1.1
(2 )
.2

U niform p e r c e n t a g e ________________________

38.4

5 percen t ~
7 percen t
__________________________
7 / 2 percen t . . --------- r
, ----- ------ ----------- ,,
8 V percen t
4
---------------------------------------- .
1 0 p ercen t ^______ ______________________
1 2 percen t ___________________ __________
13 p e r c e n t _____________ ________________
15 percen t
_____
.
—
19 percen t __ . .
- __ . .

2.1

-

.2

-

7.6
.4
.4
26.8
-

5.6

1.3

.2

1.6

.1
.1

With shift pay differential -

—

.

Other form a l pay d iffe r e n t ia l_____________
No shift pay d iffe r e n t i a l ___________ __________

1.0

.7

1 .1

.2

_
(1 )
2
-

(2 )
.5
(2 )
.1
.7
.
.8

1.0

.1

.1
.2
.6
.1

38.0

5.8

2.0

.4
27.7
.5
-

-

4.0
.2

£)
(2 )
1.6

(2 )
(2 )
-

-

1 .1
1.1

-

3.8

4.5

1.3

.7

2.9

.3

.2

2.9

1 Includes establishm ents cu rren tly operating late shifts, and establishm ents with fo rm a l p ro v isio n s cov erin g late shifts
even though they w ere not cu rrently operating late shifts.
2 L ess than 0.05 percent.

20

Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w ork ers, Philadelphia, P a ., November 1961)
Other inexperienced c le r ic a l w orkers 2

Inexperienced typists
M a n u f a c t u r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s a l a r y 1

A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s t a b li s h m e n t s s t u d ie d

_________

_______________________________

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in im vim

_______________

37V z

3 8 3/4

Data not available ___

__

..

----------

----------

—

---------

37 Vz

3 8 3/4

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

35

37 V z

40

185

XXX

XXX

XXX

314

129

XXX

XXX

XXX

185

XXX

XXX

XXX

163

68

13

9

42

95

17

27

34

180

75

15

9

45

105

17

29

41

5
2
20
11
27
5
7
5
4

1
1
3

4
1
7

2

2
3
1
4

1
1
5

1

7
5
13
5
8
8
8
4
4
3
2
2
1
1
2
-

7
3
33
8
24
5
7
3
7
1
2

-

1

4
2
11
1
7
1
1
2
5
1
1

1
1
1
2

-

1
1
-

“

"

Establishments which did not em ploy w orkers
in this category ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

_________________ ________________
_______________ __ ___ ___ _
_
_ ______________________ ________
___________________________________
_ ___________ __
___ ___ _
_
__ _________
___ _
_
________
___________________________________
_____ ____ _____
__ ________
_______ __________________ _____
___________________
__
___ _
--------------- ----------------------------------___________________________________
_____________________ ____________
___________________________________
------------------ ------------------- ---------___________________________________
____________
_____ ____________
__________ _________ _____
___________________________________

A ll
s ch e d u le s

40

XXX

Establishments having no specified minimum ____________

$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 5 0 . 00
$ 5 2 . 50
$ 5 5 . 00
$ 5 7 . 50
$ 6 0 . 00
$ 6 2 . 50
$ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 7 . 50
$ 7 0 . 00
$ 7 2 . 50
$ 7 5 . 00
$ 7 7 . 50
$ 8 0 . 00
$ 8 2 . 50
$ 8 5 . 00
$ 8 7 .5 0

37 Vz

XXX

-

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

35

XXX

4
2
3

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

A ll
s c h e d u le s

B a s e d o n s ta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u rs 3 o f—

129

6
5
12
5
6
8
10
3
3
4
1
1
1
1
2

00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00

40

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

M a n u f a c t u r in g
A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

31 4

5
2
26
16
39
10
13
13
14
3
7
4
2
2
1
1
2
1
2

$40.
$42.
$45.
$47.
$ 50.
$ 52.
$ 55.
$ 57.
$ 60.
$ 62.
$ 65.
$ 67.
$70.
$72.
$ 75.
$ 77.
$ 80.
$ 82.
$ 85.

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 1 o f —
3
2

A ll

2
4

4

-

2

2

1
1

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
2

-

-

-

-

1
2

9
3
10
13
37
10
15
11
15
5
6
3
3
3
1
1
2
1
2

5
6
9
1
3
1

2
1
1
1

_

-

-

-

-

“

-

"

2
2
5
5
4
6
5
2
3
3
2
2
1
1
2
-

2
4

8
4
9
1
2
1
2

-

i
i
-

-

-

-

-

1
5
5
4
6
7
3
2
3
1
1
1
1
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

52

22

XXX

XXX

XXX

30

XXX

XXX

XXX

82

37

XXX

XXX

XXX

45

XXX

XXX

XXX

98

39

XXX

XXX

XXX

59

XXX

XXX

XXX

51

17

XXX

XXX

XXX

34

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

1
1
2
-

1
:

6
4
1
1

7
1
3
4

-

1

1
1

-

5
3
2
_

-

-

1
2

1 Lowest salary rate form ally established for hiring inexperienced w orkers fo r typing or other cle r ic a l jobs.
2 Rates applicable to m essen g ers, office girls, or sim ilar sub clerica l jobs are not considered.
3 Hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receiv e their regular straight-tim e s ala ries. Data are presented for all workweeks com bined, and for the m ost com m on workweeks reported.




21

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
(P ercent distribution of o ffice and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
o f firs t-s h ift w orkers, Philadelphia, P a ., Novem ber 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS
W e e k ly h o u r s

A ll w o rk e r s

U n d e r 3 5 h o u r s _________ - ___________________________
3 5 h o u r s _____ ___ ___
___________________
O v e r 3 5 a n d u n d e r 3 6 1/* h o u r s __________________
36V 4 h o u r s
. ________________ , , ....... .... ,______
O v e r 3 6 1/4 a n d u n d e r 3 7 l / 2 h o u r s _______________
3 7 l / 2 h o u r s ...
...... ....... ................... ...
, ________

Over 37V 2 and under 383/* h o u r s ------------------383/4 hours - ___ . . .
_____ _
___ ___ —
Over 383/4 and under 40 h o u r s _______________
40 hours — ------------ ------- ------- ------ — —
Over 40 and under 48 hours --------------------------48 hours and over ----------------------------------. --------

1
2
3
4

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public 1
utilities1

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

1
8

4

5

-

_

4
9

5

4

-

(4)

-

-

22
_
(4)

28
-

(4)
7
4

23
2
8
2
45
(4)
(4)

20
1
17
53
-

70
-

9

51
-

Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and rea l estate.
Includes data fo r rea l estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L ess than 0. 5 percent.




PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance1
2

1 00

100

1 00

3
17

4

(4 )
6
2

23
_
4
64
(4)
1

Services

-

_

16
13

7
1
49

24
6
8
14
-

1
7
(4)
31
1

All ,
industries

Manufacturing

Public 1
utilities

1 00

1 00

100

2

4

(!)

_
-

_
_

(4 )

(4 )

-

8
1
(4)
85
2
1

10
_
85
1

-

_
99

-

Wholesale
trade

100

_

_
_
4
_
_
_
88
8

Retail trade

Services

100

100

_

2
6

1

_
5
8
_
.
78
4

5

_
_
5

_

1
.
72
5
10

22
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P ercent distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by number o f paid holidays
provided annually, Philadelphia, P a., November 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS

Item

_______________________________________________

W orkers in establishments providing
paid holidays ____ _________________ _______
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid holidays ______

PLANT WORKERS

All
Industries

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance1
2

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

-

“

_
13
7
2
17
12
9
20
6
7
7

All ,
industries3

M
anufacturing

Public .
utilities1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

100

100

88

99

81

■

“

_

I

“

2

-

“

12

1

19

_
1
4
(4 )
1
1
4
3

1
17
1
3
27
3
2
33
(4)
2
5
2
2
1
1
(4 )
(4)

_
10
1
4
29
5
3
36
3
5
2
1
1
"

_
2
43
26
11
(4 )
10
5
2
(4 )

_
14
2
3
10
2
(4 )
46
4
5
2
“

6
40
2
16
34
2

_
65
2
3
4
1
4
2
-

<:>
(?)
<!>
(4)
1
2
4
6
12
12
47
50
80
81
98
98

_
1
1
3
4
12
12
51
56
89
90
100
100

<:>
(4 )
2
2
2
8
18
18
29
29
55
55
98
98
100
100

.
2
2
7
11
60
62
71
73
88
88

N u m b er o f d a y s
2 holidays ------------------- — — --------------6 holidays ___T
________________________________
6 holidays plus 1 half day . . . . . . . . . ----- ------------6 holidays plus 2, 3, or 4 half days ------------ ____________ „___
7 holidays
r
7 holidays plus 1 half day ___________________
7 holidays plus 2, 4, or 5 half days _________
8 holidays — -t____ w______r _________ ^_________
T
8 holidays plus 1 half day ___________________
8 holidays plus 2 or 5 half days . — --------------___________ _ . . __ . . ------ _
9 holidays
9 holidays plus 1 or 2 half days ________ ____
10 holidays . . . ______ ______ ________ ___________
10 holidays, plus 1 half d a y __________________
11 holidays __________________________________
11 holidays plus 1 half d a y __________________
12 holidays --------------------------- ~ ---- ---------12 holidays plus 1 half day ----------------------------13 h o l i d a y .-----------------------------------------------------

_
10
2
2
17
8
2
22
1
1
4
2
5
(4 )
2
1
18
(4 )
2

_
12
1
5
19
9
4
35
2
5
2
5
-

(4 )
-

(4)
(4)
41
2
24
3
4
20
3
(4 )
2
(4 )

_
34
1
17
7
35
3
1
-

-

-

-

-

"

8
3
67
1
6

_
43
14
5
3
26
1
7
(4)
1
(4)
■

6
8
75
78
86
87
90
90
94
95
95
99
100
100
100
100

_
(J)
(4)
1
1
1
1
9
37
43
57
100
100

-

-

-

-

~

T otal h o l i d a y t im e 5
13days ______________________________________
12Vz or m ore days ----------------------------------------12 or m ore days -------------- -------- ---- ------— -----IIV2 or m ore days —-------------------------------------11 o r m ore days ------------------------------- —---------10Vz or m ore days — ------------------------------------10 or m ore days -------------------------------------------9V2 or m ore days — -------------------—
-----------------9 or m ore days ---------------- -------- — . . ---------8 l/i or m ore days . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ----- --------8 or m ore days ----------------------------------------------7V2 or m ore days — ---------------------------------- .
7 or m ore days
_ri,____ __________
6V2 or m ore days _________ . _______ — —
6 or m ore days . . . . . . . _______ ________________
2 or m ore days ____ ________ _ . . ___________

2
2
20
21
23
24
30
32
38
39
62
70
88
90
100
100

_

.
-

(4 )
(4
4
(4)
5
7
15
15
54
65
87
88
100
100

0

(4)
2
2
2
5
25
29
31
31
56
58
100
100
100
100

-

-

7
7
23
29
51
63
80
87
100
100

-

1
1
5
40
47
64
66
100
100

_
-

2
2
2
36
36
52
54
94
99

.
.
.
2
6
7
7
14
16
81
81

1 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
* Finance, insurance, and real estate.
9 Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L ess than 0.5 percent.
9 A ll combinations of full and .half days that add to the same amount are com bined; for exam ple, the proportion of workers receiving a total o f 7 days includes those with 7 full days and
no half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. P roportions were then cumulated.




23

Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(Percent distribution of o ffice and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
p rovisions, Philadelphia, Pa., Novem ber 1961)
OFFICE W
ORKERS
V acation p olicy

All
Industries

A ll w ork ers ___________________________ - ___

...

PLANT W
ORKERS
Finance2

Services

All j
industries

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100

100
100

99
99

100
94
-

4

4

_

_

_

6

_

91
85
3
3

100
74

-

100
71
26

100
100

-

99
80
16

100
100

-

26

(4)

-

(4)

-

-

9

-

-

7
39
19
20

19
19
3
1

19
21
3
1

5
24
4
-

15
18
1

28
13
1
-

27
6
7
-

Public .
utilities1

W
holesale
trade

100

100

100

100
99
1

100
100

(4 )

-

-

(4)

-

-

-

12
44
11
7

9
48
14
3

100

M
anufacturing

Retail trade

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations ---------------------------------------------------------------L en gth -of-tim e payment __________________
Percentage payment ___________________ ___
F la t-su m payment _________________________
Other ._
,
,
» ri_
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations _____________________________________

99
99
(4)
-

(4)

-

A m ou n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 9
A fter 6 months of s erv ice
Under 1 week _____ _______________________________ _____
1 week _______________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ___________________________
2 weeks ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

23
24
6
-

13
43
11
3

18
20
2
-

7
61
13
20

-

A fter 1 year o f se rv ice
Under 1 week
1 week
. . . . . . ... t-...-,—
____ . . . ___ . ,
T
...
O ver 1 and under 2 weeks ___________________________
2 weeks _____ ______________________ ___ ___________ ___
O ver 2 and under 3 weeks ___________________________
3 weeks ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

24
(4)
75

12
(4)
87

-

.

.

-

-

-

5
7
88
(4)
(4)

6
1
93

1
41
58

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

2
1
95
1
1

3
2
93
(4)
2

1

2
1
95
1
1

2
2
93
(4)
2

(4)
(4)
90

(4)

_

_

_

_

_

67

20

78

2

_

-

_

_

33

80

22

98

17
6
77

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

16

9
1
91

1
_

5
7
77
11

-

-

(4)
71
4
23
(4)
(4)

_
71
2
26

_
65
15
20

_
66

3
77

_

_

_

20

.

_

22
3

65
22
14

_

_

1

(4)

-

-

-

29
5
66

27
32
41

_

_

-

-

A fter 2 yea rs of s e rv ice
1 week ______________________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks __________ ________________
2 weeks _________ _________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _______________________ ____
3 weeks ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

82

_

99

44
16
39
(4)
(4)

50
18
31
.

_

57
4
26
3

1

(4)

-

14
18
66
1
1

16
23
58
2
2

11
15
75

14
16
68
1
1

15
19
62
2
2

11
15
75

37
16
46

A fter 3 yea rs of s erv ice
1 week _____________________________________________________.
O ver 1 and under 2 weeks __________ ________________
7 w eeks

...

......

.

O ver 2 and under 3 weeks ___________________________
3 weeks --------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------

1

6

2

.

_

_

_

4
6
78
11

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

99

92

98

99

_

(4)

* 19
7
61
3

5
3
92

22
28
50

-

-

-

19
7
61
3
-

5
3
92

22
28
50

-

-

_
-

1
3
86

7
9
65
19

A fter 4 yea rs of se rv ice
1 week ______________________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ___________________________
2 weeks ____________ ____________________________ r______
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _________________ ___
3 weeks -------------------------------------------------------------

1

6

2

1

-

.

-

-

99

92

98

99

-

-

-

-

4
6
78
11

-

2

-

-

-

-

1
53
17
30

_

(4)

_

A fter 5 yea rs o f s erv ice
1 week __________________ ______________ ________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ____________________
2 weeks ___ — - ______ - __
_
O ver 2 and under 3 weeks ___________________________
3 weeks ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end o f table.




2
8

89
(4)
10

_

_

-

-

-

89

90

95
-

5

_

_

-

-

95
4

11

10

l

1
2
84
7
7

-

1
85
6
8

_
-

82
15
4

88

3

_

10

24

Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(Percent distribution o f office and plant w orkers in all industries and industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Philadelphia, P a ., Novem ber 1961)
OFFICE W
ORKERS
Vacation policy

All
industries

W
holesale
trade

PLANT W
ORKERS

M
anufacturing

Public i
utilities

(4)

_
65
35
_
-

_
47
51
2

_
14
86
_
-

_

_
36
11
50
_
3

_
13
87
_
-

68
15
17
_
-

_
21
76
3

_
11
89
-

_
9
1
89
1
-

_
21
55
24
-

_
11
65
25
-

_
3
84
13
-

_
21
39
40

_
9
_
12

_
3
30
65
2

Retail trade

Finance2

All _
industries

W
holesale
trade

M
anufacturing

Public,
utilities

(4)
1
43
8
46
2
(4)

_
43
11
45
1
(4)

_
47
_
39
15
-

_
_
41
5
45
_
-

1
45
2
43
3
6

(4)
1
36
10
50
2
(4)

_
33
15
52
1
(4)

_
46
1
39
15
-

_
38
6
42
_
5

_
(4)
36
32
5
26

(4)
1
15
(4)
75
8
1

_
_
15
76
8
1

_

(4 )

_

Services

Retail trade

Services

A m ount o f v a c a t io n p a y 5------ C on tin u ed
A fter 10 years of service
1 week --------------- ---------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks ------------------------------2 weeks _____________________ ________________ _
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ------------------------------3 w e e k s ______________________ __________ ____
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ______________ ______
4 weeks ------------------ ------------------- --------------------

0

(4)
52
2
45
(4)
(4)

38
3
59
_
(4)

_
79
5
17
-

_
1
46
2
42
3
6

1
3
29
_
68
_
-

3
9
66
14
3
5
-

!
3
28
_
68
_
-

3
9
62
14
6
5
-

1
3
14
_
82
_

3
2
50
2
25
17

A fter 12 years of service
1 week ________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ____________________
2 weeks _______________ _______________________ _
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ____________________
3 weeks ___ ________________________ _________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ________________ .___
4 weeks ------------------------------------------------------------

(4)
n

43
9
45
3
1

(4)
24
11
58
6
(4)

65
(4)
35
-

_

_

_

A fter 15 years of service
1 week
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ________ —
__________
2 weeks _______________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ____________________
3 weeks ___ ___________ ________________ _________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ______________ ______
4 weeks ------------------------------------------------------------

0

(4)
10
(4)
85
3
1

(4)
9
84
7
(4)

_
(4)
99
(4)

_

_
_
85
15
-

_
25
3
57
_
5

_
_
77
_
8
15

_

-

After 20 years of service
1 week _____________ __
_
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ____________________
2 weeks -----------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks ------------------------------3 weeks ___________ ____ __________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ------------- --------------4
____ ____ ___________________ _____
Over 4 weeks ___ — --------------------- ---------------- -

(!>
(4 )

8

(4 )

72
1
19
-

(4)
9
62
2
27
-

_
(4 )

96
4
-

_
(4 )

36
1
32
5
26
-

1
15
1
54
7
20
2

15
55
10
20
-

_
25
3
30
_
32
-

1
3
14
_
46
_
37
-

3
2
43
9
25
17

1
3
11

3
2
38
9
31
17

-

After 25 years of service
1 week --------------- -----------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks ___________________
2 weeks _____________ ________ ________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___________________
3 weeks __________________________ ___________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ___________________
4 wfip.lcs

_ _

__

Over 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------

0

(4 )

36

8
39

(4 )

(4 )

(4 )

8

(4 )

55
1

_
(4 )

51
-

52

49

-

-

■

79

_
(4 )

35
1
30
5
30
■

(4 )

1
14
1
31
5
47
2

_
_
15
_
33
6
46
■

_
_

_

_
44

_

42
15

.
_
25
3
27

13

36

71

-

"

_

_
_

-

------------------ 1 ----------------1 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
2 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
3 Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 L ess than 0. 5 percent.
5 P eriods of service w ere arb itra rily chosen and do not n ece ssa rily reflect the individual provisions fo r prog ression s.
clude changes in provisions occu rrin g between 5 and 10 years.

F o r example, the changes in p roportions indicated at 10 y e a rs ' se rv ice in ­

NOTE: In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years o f se rv ice , payments other than "length o f tim e" such as percentage of annual earnings o r flat-su m payments, were converted
to an equivalent time basis; fo r exam ple, a payment of 2 percent o f annual earnings was con sidered as 1 w eek's pay.




25

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(Percent of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions em ployed in establishm ents providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, Philadelphia, P a., November 1961)
OFFICE WORKERS

Type o f benefit

All
industries

100

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities1

100

100

Wholesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance13
2

Services

AU ,
industries'9

Manufacturing

Public ,
Utilities1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

W orkers in establishm ents providing:
Life insurance __ . .
. . ______
A ccidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance ____ ____ — __
------------------Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave o r both4 ---------------------------------------------

97

99

99

94

94

98

80

94

94

100

95

91

90

36

45

34

42

25

28

38

43

43

31

43

43

67

78

93

58

75

86

71

52

88

97

74

80

77

59

Sickness and accident insurance ______
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period) _______________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting p e r i o d ) __ — __ ____ ___ ___ _____

40

69

28

43

39

8

25

77

92

49

65

58

48

62

68

55

71

29

70

39

15

11

23

23

21

12

5

3

3

"

36

1

3

7

3

19

"

13

7

70
66
48
45
80
( 5)

86
86
61
38
87
(5)

84
77
41
35
78

51
50
37
50
92

55
31
30
17
41
2

88
83
56
20
79
1

94
93
60
19
84
1

71
54
41
48
74

91
74
40
25
80

82
78
57
7
72
1

71
51
58

H ospitalization insurance ___ _________ . . . ___ _
S urgical insurance ___________________________
M edical insurance ______ _ ______ _____ . . . __ _
Catastrophe insurance ----------------------------------------------R etirem ent pension __________________________
No health, insurance, o r pension plan _________

56
53
52
69
55
(5 >

74
64
38
40
79
1

1 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
2 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
3 Includes data fo r rea l estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Unduplicated total o f w orkers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. S ick-leave plans are lim ited to those which definitely
the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each em ployee. Inform al sick -lea v e allowances determ ined on an individual basis are excluded.
5 L ess than 0.5 percent.




(5 )

41
6

establish at least




Appendix A: Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau’ s last survey in this area, occupational
descriptions for three office jobs were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories. Therefore, data presented
for these jobs in table A -l are not comparable to data presented in last
year’ s bulletin.

Revisions were made in the descriptions for file clerks, key­
punch operators, and stenographers. The revised description for file
clerk groups these workers into three levels (class A, B, and C) in­




27

stead of two (class A and B). The revised description for keypunch
operator groups these workers into two defined classes (A and B)
instead of a single category. Previously data were presented separately
for general stenographers and technical stenographers. The revision
combines general stenographers, with more responsible duties, and
technical stenographers to form a new senior stenographer category;
other general stenographers are maintained in that classification.
The revised occupational descriptions used this year are in­
cluded in appendix B.




Appendix B: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

O F F IC E
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B ille r, machine (billing machine)— se s a special billing ma­
U
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B —
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B ille t, machine (bookkeeping machine )—
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

29

30

CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignatio&is and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C la ss B—
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C la ss A — an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
C la ss B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­

ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

C la ss C —
Performs routine filing of material that has already

been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.
j

/




CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers9orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the fo llo w in g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

31

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C la s s A-Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards* Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators*

C la s s B —Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
da^ to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographer
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

32

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
C la s s C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C la ss A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C la ss B —
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.



TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

C la s s A—
Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

C la ss B—
Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

33

P R O F E S S IO N A L AN D T E C H N IC A L
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination o f the follow ing: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the follow ing: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina•
tion o f the follow in g: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicant^
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

M A IN T E N A N C E AN D P O W E R P L A N T
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter required rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




34

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance elctricians requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating £nd maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or c h ie f engineers in esta b lish •
ments employing more than one engineer are exclu d ed .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the follow ing: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow in g: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

35

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in die plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the follow in g: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow ing: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in v o lve s the follow ing: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty .or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

36

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers;making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in in stallin g and
repairing building sanitation or heating system s are exclu d ed .

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the follow ing: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D IA L AND M A T E R IA L M OVEM ENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Inclu des gate-




men who are stationed at gate and ch eck on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering .

37

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the follow ing:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may in vo lve one or more o f
the follow ing: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
P a ck e rs who also make
wooden boxes or crates are exclu d ed .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are exclu d ed .

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
ping work in v o lv e s:

routes,

Ship­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation and rates; and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work in v o lv e s:

May

R eceivin g

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform dther related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R ece ivin g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and rece ivin g clerk

38

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers * houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded .

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f s iz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under l / tons)
l2
Truckdriver, medium ( l / to and including 4 tons)
l2
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)

Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

* U .S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1 9 6 2 0 — 6 2 9 6 7 2


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102