View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Occupational Wage Survey

ATLANTA, GEORGIA
MAY 1961

Bulletin No. 1285-73




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
Arthur J. G oldberg, Secretary
B U R EA U O F LA B O R S T A T IS T IC S
Ew an C la g u e , C om m ittio n er




Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices

Occupational Wage Survey




ATLANTA, GEORGIA
M A Y

1961

Bulletin No. 1285-73
July 1961

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BU REA U O F LA BO R ST A T IST IC S
Ewan C la g u e , Com m issioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 20 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The C o m m u n ity W a ge S u r v e y P r o g r a m

This r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 1 s r e g io n a l
o f f ic e in Atlanta , Ga. , by D onald M. C r u s e , under the
d i r e c t i o n of L o u is B. W o y ty ch , A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c ­
to r f o r W a ges and In dustria l R e l a ti o n s .




1
3

T a b le s :
1 . E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s within s c o p e of s u r v e y ____________
2. Indexes of stan dard w e e k ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a ig h t - t im e
h o u r ly ea r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l grou ps
and p e r c e n t s of change f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _______________
A.

O cc u p a tion a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1 . O f f ic e o c cu p a t io n s _________________________
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a t io n s
A - 3. M ain tenance and pow erp lan t o c cu p a t io n s
A - 4. C u stodia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s __________

A pp endix:

O ccup ationa l d e s c r i p t i o n s ____________________________________

* N O T E : S i m il a r tabula tions a r e av a ila b le in the Atlanta a r e a r e ­
ports f o r M a r c h o f e a c h y e a r f r o m 1951 to 1955, A p r i l 1956 and
1957, M ay 1958 and 1959, and June I960. M o s t o f the r e p o r t s in ­
clu de data on es t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o ­
v is io n s .
A d i r e c t o r y in dic atin g date of study and the p r i c e o f the
r e p o r t s , as w e ll as r e p o r t s f o r other m a jo r a r e a s , is av ailab le
upon re q u e s t.
C u r re n t r e p o r t s on oc cu p a tion a l e arn in g s and s u p p l e m e n ­
ta ry w age p r a c t i c e s in the Atlanta a r e a a r e a l s o a v ailab le f o r p ow er
la u n d r ie s and d r y c l e a n e r s (June i9 6 0 ),
banking (June I9 60), and
h o sp it a ls (June I9 60).
Union s c a l e s , in d ic a tiv e of p r e v a ilin g pay
le v e ls in the Atlanta a r e a , a r e a v a ila b le f o r the f o llo w in g tr a d e s
or in d u s tr ie s : Building c o n s t r u c t io n , prin tin g, l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t ­
ing e m p l o y e e s , and m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s .

2

2

1

^ oo o o

The B u r e a u o f L a b o r S ta tistic s r e g u l a r l y c on d u c ts
a r e a w id e w age s u r v e y s in a n um ber of im p orta n t in d u stria l
c e n t e r s . The s t u d ie s , m ade f r o m late fa ll to e a r ly sp rin g ,
r ela te to o c c u p a t io n a l ea r n in g s and r e la t e d su p p le m e n ta r y
be n e fit s. A p r e l i m i n a r y r e p o r t is av a ila b le on c o m p l e t i o n
of the study in e a c h a r e a , usually in the month f o llo w in g
the p a y r o ll p e r i o d studied. This b u lletin p r o v i d e s additional
data not in clu d e d in the e a r l i e r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a t e d
an a ly tica l bu lletin s u m m a r iz in g the r e s u lt s of all of the
y e a r ! s s u r v e y s is is s u e d a fter c o m p l e t i o n o f the fin al a r e a
bu lletin f o r the c u r r e n t round of s u r v e y s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n __________________________________________________________________
W age tren ds f o r s e l e c t e d o c cu p a t io n a l g rou ps __________________________

13




Occupational Wage Survey—Atlanta, G a.
Introduction
This area is one of several important industrial centers in
which the U. S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics
conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an area basis.
The bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for occu­
pations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.
In each area, data are obtained from representative establish­
ments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation, 1 communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; re­
tail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government operations
and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having
fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because
they furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to war­
rant inclusion. Wherever possible, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
1 Railroads, formerly excluded from the scope of these studies,
were included in all of the areas studied since July 1959, except Balti­
more (September 1959 and December I960), Buffalo (October 1959),
Cleveland (September 1959), and Seattle (August 1959).




take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions. ) Earnings data are
presented (in the A-series tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (l) differences in the distributibn of the sexes among
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis.
Longer average service of men would result in higher average pay
when both sexes are employed within the same rate range.
Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
performed.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in ail
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

2

T ab le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e of su rv e y and n um b er studied in A tlan ta, G a. , 1 by m a jo r in du stry d iv isio n , 2 M ay 1961
N u m b er of e s ta b lis h m e n ts
In d ustry d iv isio n

A l l d iv isio n s

W ith in sc o p e
of stu d y 3

_______________________________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lish m e n ts
W ithin scop e
of study

Studied

Studied

789

213

165, 900

10 2, 40 0

266
523

71
142

67, 600
98, 300

43, 270
59, 130

75
137
145
87
79

M an ufactu ring _____________________________________________________________
N on m an ufactu ring _________________________________________________________
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c om m u n ic ation , and other
public u tilitie s 4 _______ _____________________________________________
W h o le s a le tra d e _______________________________________________________
R e ta il tra d e ____________________________________________________________
F in a n c e, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te _____________________________
S e r v ic e s 5’ 6 _____________________________________________________________

26
35
34
25
22

31,
17,
27,
13,
8,

24,
6,
16,
7,
4,

500
200
100
900
600

020
550
480
520
560

1 The A tla n ta Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistic a l A r e a (C layton , C obb, D e K a lb , Fu lton, and Gw innett C o u n tie s).
The "w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e of
stu d y " e s tim a te s shown in this table p rovid e a r e a so n a b ly a c cu r a te d e sc r ip tio n of the s iz e and c o m p o sitio n of the la b o r fo r c e in clu d ed in the su rv e y .
The e stim a te s a r e not intended, h o w ev er, to s e r v e as a b a s is of c o m p a r is o n w ith other a r e a em p lo y m en t in d e x es to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m en t tre n d s or
le v e ls sin ce (1) planning of w age su rv e y s r e q u ir e s the u se of e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p iled c o n sid e r a b ly in advance of the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and
(2) s m a ll e sta b lish m e n ts a r e ex clu d ed fr o m the scop e of the su r v e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed ition of the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a tio n M an ual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n .
M a jo r
chan ges fr o m the e a r lie r ed ition (u se d in the B u r e a u 's la b o r m a r k e t w age su r v e y s conducted p r io r to July 1958) a r e the t r a n s fe r of m ilk p a ste u r iz a tio n
p lants and r e a d y -m ix e d c o n c r e te e sta b lish m e n ts fr o m tra de (w h o le sa le or reta il) to m an u factu rin g, and the t r a n s fe r of rad io and t e le v is io n b r o a d ca stin g
fr o m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp o rta tio n , c om m u n ic ation , and other p ublic u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 In clud es a ll e sta b lish m e n ts w ith to ta l em p lo y m en t at or above the m in im u m -s iz e lim ita tio n (5 0 e m p lo y e e s ).
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the area ) of
co m p a n ie s in such in d u str ie s as tra d e , fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o t io n -p ic tu r e th e a te rs a re c o n sid e r e d as 1 e s ta b lish m e n t.
4 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w a ter tra n sp o r ta tio n w e r e ex clu d ed .
5 H o te ls ; p e r so n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v i c e s ; a u tom ob ile r e p a ir sh o p s; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n onp rofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s; and en gin eerin g
and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .
6 T h is in d u stry d iv isio n is r e p r e se n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s .
S ep arate p r e se n ta tio n
of data fo r this d iv isio n is not m ad e fo r one or m o r e of the follow in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m en t in the d iv isio n is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data
to m e r it se p a r a te study, (2) the sa m p le w as not d esign ed in itia lly to p e r m it se p a r a te p r e se n ta tio n , (3) r e sp o n se w as in su fficie n t or inadequate to p e r m it
se p a r a te p r esen ta tio n , (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility of d is c lo s u r e o f in divid u al e sta b lish m e n t d ata.

T ab le 2.

In d exes of stand ard w ee k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -t im e h ou rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu p ation al grou ps in
A tla n ta , G a. , M ay 1961 and June I960, and p e r c e n ts of change for s e le c te d p erio d s
In dexes
(M a r c h 1953 = 100)

P e r c e n t chan ges 1 fr o m —

In d ustry and occu p ation al group

June 1960
to
M a y 1961

M ay 1959
to
June I9 6 0

M ay 1958
to
M a y 1959

A p r il 1957
to
M ay 1958

A p r il 1956
to
A p r il 1957

M a r c h 1955
to
A p r il 1956

M a r c h 19 54
to
M a r c h 1955

M a r c h 1953
to
M a r c h 19 54

M ay 1961

June 1961

A l l in d u str ie s:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (w o m e n )_____ ______________ ________
In d u strial n u r se s (w omen) ______________________
S k illed m ain tenan ce ( m e n ) ____________
U n sk ille d plant (men) __________________________________

13 6.
1 4 5.
14 1.
1 4 2.

6
0
4
1

13 2.
14 3.
13 6.
13 9.

5
5
7
3

3.
1.
3.
2.

1
1
4
0

4.
4.
4.
1.

4
4
0
6

3.
4.
4.
1.

9
7
0
0

5.
5.
6.
5.

6
5
2
6

3.
3.
4.
4.

4
8
3
9

6.
9.
5.
13.

3
0
4
6

2.
4.
2.
1.

2
3
9
8

3.
5.
5.
5.

0
3
3
9

M an ufactu ring:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (w o m e n )-------------------- -------------------In d u stria l n u r se s (women) ____________________________
S k ille d m ain tenan ce (men) ____________________________
U n sk ille d plant (men)
-------------------------------------------------

1 3 8.
14 8.
13 8.
14 2.

0
1
7
7

13 4.
14 5 .
13 4.
13 7.

5
9
3
4

2.
1.
3.
3.

6
5
3
9

5.
5.
3.
2- l .

9
4
1
0

2.
5.
3.
2.

5
1
4
1

6.
6.
6.
7.

8
0
8
3

5.
5.
3.
6.

0
0
9
6

4.
8.
5.
11.

4
8
0
4

1.
4.
3.
1.

9
3
1
7

3.
4.
4.
4.

8
4
9
9

1 U n le ss o th e rw ise in d icated , a ll are in c r e a s e s .
2 Rate in c r e a s e fo r w o r k e r s in this c a te g o r y sin ce the M a y 19 59 su rv e y w ere m o r e than o ffs e t
lo n g e r c la s s if ie d in this c a te g o r y b e c a u se o f a change in th eir d u tie s.




b y the o m is s io n f r o m the c u r r e n t stu d y,

of the ea rn in g s o f so m e h ig h e r -p a id w o r k e r s

no

3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are indexes of salaries of office clerical
workers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant worker groups. In areas which were not surveyed during the
fiscal 1953 base year (July 1952 to June 1953) this table is limited
to percents of change between selected periods.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is,
the standard work schedule for which straight-time salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes in straight-time hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtime and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts. The indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the numerically important
jobs within each.group. The office clerical data are based on women in
the following 18 jobs: Billers, machine (billing machine); bookkeepingmachine operators, class A and B; Comptometer operators; clerks, file,
class A and B; clerks, order; clerks, payroll; keypunch operators;
office girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; switchboard opera­
tors; switchboard operator-receptionists; tabulating-machine opera­
tors; transcribing-machine operators, general; and typists, class A
and B. The industrial nurse data are based on women industrial
nurses. Men in the following 10 skilled maintenance jobs and 3 unskilled
jobs were included in the plant worker data: Skilled-—carpenters;
electricians; machinists; mechanics; mechanics, automotive; m ill­
wrights; painters; pipefitters; sheet-metal workers; and tool and die
makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; laborers, ma­
terial handling; and watchmen.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 employment in the job. These weighted earnings for individual
occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each occupa­
tional group. Finally, the ratio of these jgroup aggregates for a giv^n
year to the aggregate for the base period (survey month, winter 1952—
53)
was computed -and the result multiplied by the base year index (100) to
get the index for the given year.




Similar procedures were followed in compiling “percents of
change" in ar£as not surveyed during 1953.
Adjustments have been made where necessary to maintain
comparability so that the year-to-year comparisons are based on the
same industry and occupational coverage. For example, railroads
have been included in the coverage of the surveys only since July 1959.
In computing the indexes for the first year in which railroads were
included, data relating to railroads were excluded. Indexes for subse­
quent years include data for railroads.
The indexes measure, principally, the effects of (1) general
salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases in pay received
by individual workers while in the same job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishments with different pay levels. Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and re­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime, since they
are based on pay for straight-time hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to I960 for workers in 20 major
labor markets will appear in BLS Bull. 1265-62, Wages and Related
Benefits, 60 Labor Markets, Winter 1959-60.

4
A- Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations
(A verage stra ig h t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selec te d occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry d ivision , Atlanta, Ga. , M ay 1961)
Average
S e x , o c c u p a t io n ,

Number
of

a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Weekly,
hours 1
(Standard!

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly , U n d e r 4 0 . 0 0 4 5 . 0 0
earnings 1
(Standard) $
00
4 5 . 00 5 0. 00

$
$
5 0 . 00 5 5 . 00
5 5 . 00

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

6 5 . 00

"
7 0 . 00

$
$
$
$
S
$
$
S
$
S
$
$
$
7 0 . 00 7 5 . 00 8 0 . 00 8 5 . 00 9 0 . 00
9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0
and
“
“
"
“
~
"
"
"
7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0

over

I

M en
C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s A _ _ _
M a n u fa c t u r in g
.
____
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________
P u b lic u tilitie s 2
—___ _
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e - _ —____—____ _____
_
R e t a i l t r a d e ___
___
_ _ _
_
F i n a n c e 4 ________________________________
C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B ______________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ______________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _______________________

"

$ 1 0 1 .0 0
1' 9 9 . 5 0
1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

0
0
0
0
0

8 3 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
8 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

3
3
2

4 0 .0
40. 0

5 4 .5 0
5 4 .5 0

-

-

-

-

9
9

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

8 4 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
8 3 .0 0

_

_

_

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

9 4 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
9 7 .5 0

-

-

-

"

-

-

39.
39.
38.
39.
38.

0
0
5
5
5

5 7 .5 0
5 7 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
5 5 .5 0
5 1 .5 0

-

44
40
2
10
23

68
63
8
47
4

56
52
8
21
14

15
13
6
3
4

460
i4 4
316
108
131
28
47

3 9 .5
46. 6
39. 5
3 9 .0
40. 0
42. 0
38. 5

398
65
333
53
227

40.
40.
40.
39.
40.

________________________
■
________________________
•

52
52

C l e r k s , o r d e r _________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _______________________

1 84
42
142
141

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l _________ _____ ________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____ ____________________

80
40
40

O f f i c e b o y s _________________..___ ___ ____________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________.____________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ______ ________________
W h o le s a le tra d e
______________________
F i n a n c e 4 _________ _______________________

236
214
45
95
51

C le r k s , file , c la s s B
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

$
6 0 . 00

-

-

|

-

-

-

1
1

-

3
3
3

20
9
11
-

19
2
17
10

33
4

32

29
3
12

16
3
13
4
6

22
22

12
12

3
3

3
3

3
3

9
4
5
5

14
14
14

1
1
1

3
3
2

_

_
-

2
2

_

-

24
7
17
10
5
2

30
14
16
7
5
2
2

24
5
19
5
5
-

42
6
36
14
12

72

43
7
36
8
21
2
5

56
27
29
6
22
-

31
12
19
13
6
-

35
4
31
9
21
_

24
7
17
6
11
-

43
25
18
8
9

2
1
1
-

7

19
53
7
15
13
18

1

-

1

-

1

-

88
22
66
1
61

53
5
48
9
39

34
6
28
3
13

25
1
24
5
18

23
4
19
2
17

20
3
17
1
16

6
6
2
4

_

_

_

-

4
4
4

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

20
20
20

46
10
36
36

14
4
10
10

15
4
11
11

18
3
15
15

7
7
-

9
3
6
6

2
- I
2
2

5
5
-

3
2

-

12
12
12

-

1
1

3
3
3

3
3
3

2
2

4
4

2
2

6
2
4

6
6

10
4
6

8
8

1
1

-

22
15
7

-

-

3
1
2

4
1
3

6
5
1

3
3

14
14
4
5

15
10
4
6

-

12
11
11
-

3
2
2
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

7
4

-

11
1
10
5
1
4
9
23
5
17

1
|
!

1
_

!
i

40
4
36
3 24
9
3

-

9
9
3
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_____________ _______________________

25

40. 0

9 6 .0 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

8

_

_

6

6

3

_

2

_

_

_

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A ________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________

103
81

39. 0
39. 0

9 9 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

-

-

-

. -

-

-

-

"

-

3
3

3
2

7
7

7
7

14
13

12
12

6
6

14
13

6
3

16
10

2
1

7
3

3
1

3

-

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ________________________________ _________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______ _____________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____ ____________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _______________________
F i n a n e e 4 _________________________________

167
45
122
50
40

39.
40.
39.
39.
39.

5
0
5
5
0

8 3 .5 0
9 8 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

-

-

-

18
1
17
4
10

18
4
14
7
2

15
4
11
4
4

21
9
12
5
4

5
3
2
1
-

6
3
3
-

3
3
-

3
3
_

_

_

-

24
2
22
15
4

12
9
3
-

-

6
6
6

9
4
5
-

-

8
8
2
6

16
16
12

-

3
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C ________________________ ________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______ - _______________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ___ __________________

67
56
43

39. 0
39. 0
39. 0

7 4 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
7 3 .5 0

-

-

1
1

9
9
7

2
2
1

9
8
5

2
2
2

9
9
6

13
12
9

4
3
3

5
4
4

5
3
3

3
3
3

S e c r e ta r ie s

1

4
-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

See footnotes at end of table.




-

-

J

NOTE:

"

E stim a te s for a ll in d u strie s, nonm anufacturing, and public u tilities include data for railroad s (SIC 4 0 ), om itted fr o m the scope
of a ll labor m ark et wage su rveys m ade b efore July 1959.
W h ere sign ifican t, the effect of the inclusion of railroad s is greatest
on the data shown sep arately for the public u tilities d ivision .

5
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Atlanta, Ga. , M ay 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
(Standard)

Weekly Under 40. 00
earnings1
and
(Standard) $
under

40. 00

45. 00

$
$
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 * 2 0 .0 0 125.00 130.00
and
50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 over

$

4 5 .0 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 6 5 .0 0 70. 00 7 5. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00

$

i
Men— Continued

Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------Public u tilities 2 -----------------------------

I

56
46
46

40. 0 $ 8 2 . 00
40. 0
83. 50
40. 0
83. 50

_

_

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

“

_

-

”

“

-

15
2
13
9

27
14

17
3
14
4

10
l
9
7

6
6
-

1
1
-

-

12
3
9
4

27

-

-

6
6
-

11

-

-

7

12
12

16
7
9

9
6
3

12
10
2

25
20
5

-

-

"

13

9

25

13
3
10

9
1
8

25
9
16

45
17
28
14
13

19
13
6
4
2

6
1
5
2
2

5
4
1
1

28
9
19
12
-

33
8
25
3
19

49
2
47
19
25

68
5
63
29
25

102
?8
64
31
23

60
17
43
29
14

21
5
16
15
1

8
2
6
4

28
1
27

37
2
35

43
8
35
12
-

-

8
15

6

73
13
60

15
9
9

_
!

11
11
11

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

19
15
15

"

'

"

3
2
1

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

"

-

"

"

_

-

"

4

1
-

-

-

11
11
11

W omen

Manufacturing --------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------W holesale trade ------------------------------

110
26
84
38

B ille r s , machine (bookkeeping
machine) __________________________________
Manufacturing --------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------

81
43
38

Bookkeeping-m achine operators,
c la ss A ____________________________________________
Manufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------R etail trade ------------------------------------F in an c e4 ____________________________

155
44
111
45
53

39.
40.
39.
40.

5
0
5
0

67. 00
7 1 .0 0
65. 50
67. 50

40. 0
40. 0
39. 5

6 1 .0 0
65. 50
56. 00

39.
40.
39.
40.
39.

7 1 .0 0
74. 50
69. 50
71. 50
63. 50

5
0
5
5
5

_

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

11
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

24

Bookkeeping-m achine op erators,
c la ss B ___________________________________
Manufacturing --------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------W holesale trade --------------------------------------F in an ce4 ___________________________________

390
84
306
142
131

40.
40.
40.
40.
39.

0
0
0
0
5

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss A ____________
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------Public utilities 2 ----------------------------W holesale trade ____________________
Retail trade _______________________________
Finance 4 ___________________________________

408
64
344
136
26
72
107

39.
40.
39.
39.
39.
41.
39.

5
0
5
0
5
5
5

87. 50
9 1 .0 0
86. 50
100. 00
83. 00
82. 50
73. 50

-

-

-

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss B ----------------------Manufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
Public utilities 2 ________________________
W holesale trade _________________________
Retail trade _______________________________
F in an c e4 ____________________________

1. 370
152
1 ,2 1 8
385
218
211
311

39.
39.
39.
38.
40.
40.
38.

0
5
0
0
0
0
5

6 7 .0 0
72. 00
66. 00
69. 50
74. 50
62. 00
60. 00

_

1

55

C lerk s, file , c la ss A _____________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
W holesale trade ------------------------------Financ e 4 ___________________________________

147
128
37
63

39.
39.
40.
39.

5
5
0
0

7 1 .0 0
69. 00
71. 50
66. 00

-

See footnotes at end of table,




65.
69.
64.
68.
59.

50
50
50
50
00

-

-

24
-

-

-

24

_

_

_

_

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
228
4
224
84
15
60'
53
6
6

-

-

-

-

1

55

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

5
13
28

_
-

_

-

-

-

1
1
"

-

5

-

-

-

41
16
25
1

22

8
2
24

11
12

47
5
42
5
8
12
17

176
26
150
33
6
13
82

269
37
232
73
12
44
74

144
13
131
29
34
29
34

103
6
97
20
26
17
20

176
24
152
83
31
22
11

18
16
4
11

35
35
14

29
25
7
11

15
15

13
13
3
7

5

18

-

-

8

-

5

45
1
9
2
2
2

-

-

-

-

4
-

-

-

1
1

-

8
4
4
4

7
1
6
1

-

7
7

-

3
2
1

48
1
47
36

52
3
49
19

16
4
12
5

7
-

-

5

-

-

29
29
24
3
1
-

29
18
11
7
-

-

-

--

j

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

4
2
2
2

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
4
11
11

1
1
1

13
13
13

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

"

21
4

2

63
10
53
10
33
10
-

18
4
14
5
6
-

3
3
2
1
-

21
7
14
12
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

33
8
25
22
1
2
-

-

“

-

“

-

-

8
8

16
3

1
1

_

-

-

1
1
1

_

5

1
1
1

-

1

l

1

5

5

4
-

-

■

-

-

-

-

6

_

-

-

1
1
1

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

1
r*
-

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Atlanta, Ga. , May 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

S
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 ^30.00
~
■
"
“
“
“
■
and
“
“
“
“
"
40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00
over
1

Number

of

Weekly.
hours 1
(Standard)

C lerk s, file , class B __________
Manufacturing _______________
Nonmanufacturing ___________
Public utilities 2 _________
W holesale trade _________
Retail trade ......... ..................
Finance 4 ___________ ______

676
29
647
57
64
51
462

39. 0
3 9 .5
39. 0
38. 5
40. 0
40. 0
38. 5

C lerk s, order ___________________
Manufacturing _______________
Nonmanufacturing ___________
W holesale trade _________
Retail trade ______________

339
55
284
190
89

40.
40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0
0

64.
65.
63.
66.
58.

00
50
50
00
00

C lerk s, payroll _________________
Manufacturing _______________
Nonmanufacturing ___________
Public utilities 2 _________
W holesale trade _________
Retail trade ______________
F in an ce4 _________________

364
107
257
56
81
59
34

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
38. 5
3 9 .5
39. 0
39. 0

76.
73.
77.
84.
84.
69.
74.

50
50
50
50
50
50
50

Com ptpm eter operators _______
Manufacturing _______________
Nonmanufacturing ___________
W holesale trade _________
Retail trade _______________

429
60
369
194
147

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 0

73.
81.
71.
72.
68.

00
50
50
50
00

36

39. 0

58. 50

72.
84.
70.
83.
73.
58.
61.

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Weekly , Under
earnings1
(Standard) $

W om en— Continued

Duplicating-m achine operators
(M im eograph or Ditto) _______

Keypunch operators ____________
Manufacturing _______________
Nonmanufacturing ___________
Public utilities 2 ___________
W h olesale trade _________
Retail trade _______________
F in an ce4 _________________

672
95
577
184
108
82
176

39.
40.
39.
39.
39.
39.
38.

Office girls ______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________
F in an ce4 _________________

160
139
92

39. 0
39. 0
39. 0

S ecretaries ______________________
Manufacturing _______________
Nonmanufacturing ___________
Public utilities 2 _________
W holesale trade _________
Retail trade _______________
Fin an c e4 _________________

1, 862
462
1, 400
302
363
129
544

39. 0
3 9 .5
39. 0
39. 0
40. 0
3 9 .5
39. 0




See footnotes at end of table.

0
0
0
0
5
5
5

$52. 50
6 1 .5 0
52. 00
65. 50
61. 50
50. 00
49. 50

00
00
00
00
00
50
50

53. 50
54. 50
54. 00
86.
88.
86.
103.
89.
83.
76.

50
50
00
00
50
00
50

6
6
_
_
56
"

44
44
_
2
42

284
284
8
1
7
261

131
4
127
7
9
20
91

104
$
96
4
26
13
53

51
6
45
12
12
3
12

28
9
19
9
8
_
2

4
4
3
_
1

7
7
4
3
_
-

-

_
_

6
3
3
3

41
1
40
22
18

81
12
69
46
23

74
i7
57
18
34

63
4
59
51
8

44
5
39
39
-

8
6
2
2

2
_
2
2

-

1
1
_
1

"

-

-

-

_
_
_

3
3
_
"

17
6
11
6
4
-

31
U
15
3
11
"

41
17
24
5
_
6
-

38
14
24
1
4
4
11

31
9
22
9
7
6

57
16
41
5
20
8
7

42
5
37
3
14
9
9

18
18
2
11
4
-

33
1
32
14
13
4
1

15
15
9
5
-

-

6
1
5
_
2
-

-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

10
_
10
_
10

10
10
2
8

30
16
14
10
4

62
2
60
35
25

92
7
85
44
41

74
2
72
41
25

48
48
27
17

24
2
22
14
6

24
1
23
8
5

25
11
14
7
6

6

10

8

1

5

1

5

20
20
_
_
2
15

56
3
53
12
8
32

&4

3
61
7
21
28

87
3
84
14
4
17
39

109
11
98
7
45
10
29

72
7
65
13
36
2
13

59
8
51
16
11
6
18

25
10
15
8
5
2

14
5
9
5
3
1

-

15
15
_
13
2

_
-

13
1

23
23
15

24
24
10

8
6
5

6
5
5

_
-

_
-

-

39
34
22

.
-

-

47
46
35

"

-

-

-

"

-

-

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

10
10
_
_
3

14
14
_

40
6
34
_
7
_
27

80
15
65
1
13
3
44

154
34
120
1
28
13
69

167
33
134
8
26
22
75

235
56
179
5
33
16
111

248
77
171
21
62
10
72

172
49
123
18
30
22
47

194
17
177
53
49
19
52

109
18
91
42
19
9
16

199
107
92
45
34
1
8

78
13
65
33
25
4
3

-

_
_
_
_

-

14

11
2
9
9
_
_

_
_

1
1
1
_

-

-

-

2
2
_
_

10
5
5
5

_
_
-

4
_
4
4
_
_

1
1
_
1
_

_
.
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
_
5
5

2
_
2
2

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

16
13
3
3
_
_

5
1
4
2
2
_

3
1
2
_
2
_

2
_
2 |
2
_
_

5
4
1
1
_
_

1

_
_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

8
5
3
1

6
6
_
_

11
6
5
2

2
2
_
_

-

-

“

-

3
_
3
3
"

-

121
34
87
87
_

3
2
1
1
_

8
5
3
2
1
_

18
4
14
11
3
_

_
_
_

1
1
1
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

38
7
31
19
6
1
5

36
8
28
10
16
2

26
3
23
12
7
3
1

18
7
11
9
1
1

44
12
32
25
7
_

_
_
_

i
1
_
|

1
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
7

Table A -l. O ffice O ccupatbns-Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, Atlanta, Ga. , May 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

S ex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
$
Weekly U n d e r 4 0 . 0 0 4 5 . 00 5 0 . 0 0 5 5 . 00 6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 00 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0
earnings 1
and
(Standard) $
and
under
4 0 . 00
4 5 . 00 5 0 . 0 0 5 5 . 0 0 6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 00 7 5 . 00 8 0 . 00 8 5 . 00 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .QQ 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 o v e r
j

W o m e n — C o n t in u e d
1 .6 7 1
358
1, 3 1 3
469
359
89
364

39. 0
39. 5
3 9 .0
39. 0
40. 0
39. 5
38. 5

$ 7 4 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
7 7 .0 0
6 5 .0 0
6 3 .5 0

_

_

-

-

-

_________________

29

38. 5

88.00

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 --------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e ___________________________
F i n a n c e 4 _______________________________

259
39
220
43
67
36

4 1 .0
39. 5
41. 5
39. 5
40. 5
39. 5

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 --------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ___________________________
F i n a n c e 4 -------------------------------------------------

336
99
237
40
83
31
72

39.
40.
39.
40.
39.
41.
38.

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
g e n e r a l ____________________________________ M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ----------------------------------F i n a n c e 4 _______________________________

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l -------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _____________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ________________ *--------------F i n a n c e 4 _______________________________
S te n o g r a p h e r s , t e c h n ic a l

T y p i s t s , c l a s s A __________________ ________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g —----------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 --------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ----------------------------------F i n a n c e 4 _______________________________
T y p i s t s , c l a s s B _____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _____________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______________________
P pta i 1

1
2
3
4
5
6

1
39

147
10
137
23
6
22
83

252
52
200
28
50
20
91

210
53
157
11
55
15
70

1 76
42
134
45
53
11
24

241
55
186
80
56
7
37

1 66
36
130
41
71
5
13

85
26
59
30
28
1

67
10
57
42
14
1

83
11
72
61
10
1

52
9
43
36
7
-

“

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

6

5

8

4

3

1

4
4
3

34
2
32
20
9

23
4
19
1
9
7

31
1
30
2
11
10

14
14
4
2
7

17
8
9
5
1

22
2
20
16
-

-

-

11
3
8
6
1

30
17
13
9
-

-

23
23
22
1

“

4
4
4

42
14
28
6
2
20

63
6
57
7
21
29

73
29
44
2
16
7
19

49
25
24
5
14
-

40
15
25
11
14
-

9
1
8
7
-

16
5
11
6
-

12
12
11
1

26
2
24
22
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

11
11

10
10

24
24

13
13

9
9

20
19

5
5

4
3
1
-

44
11
33
7
19

84
84
-

85
5
80
8
66

112
13
99
43
39

58
7
51
17
15

55
1
54
21
19

38
6
32
22
10

73
7
66
3
16
15
28

130
3
127
4
42
3
78

75
6
69
1
17
4

58
18
40
1
17
2
15

32
1
31
9
8
14

-

1 60
292
32
39
1 28
253
14
8
24
34
22 1 AO
1 18
64
179

47
13
34
8
3
9
6

26
6
20
19

16
4
12
11

10
2
8
7

1

1

1

14
2
12
-

1 06
3
103
58
-

-

6
6

_

_

6 5 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
6 2 .0 0
8 2 .5 0
5 8 .0 0
6 5 .0 0

6 26
26
-

20
20
-

5
0
5
0
5
5
0

66.00
6 4 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
8 1 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
5 6 .5 0

_

113
104

38. 5
38. 5

7 2 .5 0
7 0 .5 0

-

-

536
50
486
145
250

39.
40.
39.
39.
38.

0
0
0
5
5

6 3 .5 0
6 1 .5 0
6 3 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
5 8 .5 0

-

506
67
439
37
110
44
223

39. 0
40. 0
39. 0
38. 0
40. 0
4 1 .0
38! 5

6 4 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
6 3 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
5 4 .0 0

6
6
-

39.
40.
38.
39.
40.
40.
38*.

5 5 .0 0
6 0 .0 0
5 4 .5 0
6 9 .5 0
5 6 .5 0
5 4 .5 0
5 2 .5 0

1. 168
109
1 ,0 5 9
87
86
104
736

0
0
5
0
0
0
5

-

-

2
2
|

-

-

6 2 ! oO

_
-

"

_
-

33
1
32
g
19

79

18
18
2
16

73
6
67

257
4
253
-

318
7
311
12
16
33
240

9
14
225

7
7
12
29

43

15
6
9
8
1
-

5
3
2
2
-

8
6
2
_
2
-

6
6
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1

_

1

_

.

-

2
2
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1

3
1

3
2

6
6

7
3

-

-

-

_

38
4
34
24
2

16
16
1
1

-

-

-

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
5
1
1
-

9
4
5
3
2

14
11
3
3
-

8
5
3
2
1

i
i
i

2
1
1
1
-

_

_

_

_

-

1
1
1
-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
1
3
3

5
5
5

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
W orkers were distributed as follow s: 6 at $ 130 to $ 135; 9 at $ 135 to $ 140; 6 at $ 1 4 0 to $ 145; 3 at $ 155 to $ 160.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
A ll w orkers were at $ 3 5 to $ 4 0 .
W ork ers were distributed as follow s: 11 at $ 3 0 to $ 3 5 ; 15 at $ 3 5 to $ 4 0 .




37
28
9
6
3
-

!

-

:

1
1
_
1
-

-

-

8

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision, A tlanta, Ga. , May 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Average
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weeklyj
(Standard)

$
Weekly , U n d e r 6 5 . 00
earnings
and
(Standard) $
under
6 5 . 00 7 0 . 00

$
S
S
7 0 . 00 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 00 8 5 . 00
7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00 8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

$
9 0 . 00

$
$
$
$
S
$
s
B
$
$
$
$
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 *1 6 5 .0 0
and

9 5 . 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0 1 6 5 .0 0

over

M en

D r a f t s m e n , l e a d e r ______________________ ___
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________

D r a f t s m e n , s e n i o r __ _______________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ______________________
W h o le sa le tra d e
______________________

D r a f t s m e n , j u n i o r ____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________

58
31
27

309
136
173
47
67

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0

40.
40.
40.
39.
40.

0
0
0
5
0

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

“

_

_

_

-

-

-

"

1 1 8 .5 0
1 2 0 . 50
1 1 6 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0

_

-

$ 1 5 4 .5 0
1 5 1 .0 0
1 5 9 .0 0

"

1 60
75
85

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .0

8 5 . 00
8 8 . 50
8 2 . 50

23
4 12
5 11

2

64
41

40. 0
40. 0

9 5 . 00
1 0 0 .0 0

1

1

1
1

'

'

"

8
8
8

2
2
2

2
2
2

'

'

"

“

17
17
5
11

'
19
19
16
2

■

15
15
-

_

1
1

-

19
11
8
4

37
4
33
7

10
3

30
8

16
7

8
-

9

7

8

32
26
6

6
4

22

18
6
12

13
6

7

2

9
4

6

2

7

6

4

6

5

3

21
18

_

2
2

1
1

1
1

1
1

1
1

8
5
3

6
5
1

18
16

48
36
12
6

40
22
18
2
12

30
20
10
4

12
3
9
7

30
20
10
6

8
8
5

5
5
-

4
4

_

_

.

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

■

'

_

2
2

-

■

-

2

"

.

2
2

W om en

N u r s e s , i n d u s t r i a l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) ___________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________

1
2
3
4
5

2

3
1

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 2 at $ 165 to $ 170; 1 at $ 170 to $ 175; 5 at $ 185 to $ 190; 3 at $ 205 to $ 210.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 5 at $ 55 to $ 60; 7 at $ 60 to $ 65.
A ll w orkers w ere at $ 60 to $ 65.

N O TE :

See note on p. 4 , relative to the inclusion of railroad s.




2

1
1

9
-

7
5

2

2 11
11

4
4

9
6

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

3

"

3
1

9
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings for m en in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Atlanta, Ga. , May 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

$
$
Average
hourly .
1. 20
1 .3 0
earnings1
under
1 .3 0
1 .4 0

$
1 .4 0

1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

1. 50

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

3
3
-

-

$

C a r p e n t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e _________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e -------------------------------------------------------

151
64
87
36

$ 2 .4 4
2. 39
2 .4 8
2 . 67

-

"

-

“

-

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e ________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________

265
214
51

2. 8 9
2 .9 1
2 . 79

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

E n g i n e e r s , s t a t i o n a r y ______________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________

137
71
66

2 . 58
2 .9 2
2. 23

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

F i r e m e n , s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r _______________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________

68
62

1 .8 5
1 .8 6

2
2

15
13

H e l p e r s , t r a d e s , m a i n t e n a n c e ___________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________

349
160
189

1 .9 5
2 . 00
1 .9 0

20
18
2

M a c h i n i s t s , m a i n t e n a n c e __________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________

____ 2 j 3 _ .
263

-

2 ,J » 3 _ „
2. 66

-

_

8
6
2

_
-

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2 . 20

$
2 . 30

$
2. 40

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

$
2. 70

$
2 . 80

$
2. 90

1 .9 0

2. 00

2 . 10

2. 2 0

2. 30

2 .4 0

2 . 50

2. 60

2. 70

2 .8 0

2. 90

3 . 00

4
4

12
12
1

3
3
2

2
2
-

7
7
-

15
12
3
3

4
4

18
11
7

9
5
4

31
31

6
6

11
4
7
7

5
3
2
1

22
2
20
3

3
2
1
1

6
5
1
1

14
9
5
-

4
2
2
1

9
8
1

4
3
1

6
5
1

_

4
2
2

7
6
1

_

-

9
5
4

-

7
7
-

15
13
2

14
14

3
3

1
1

3
1
2

8

-

9
2
7

4,
1
3

1
1

11
1
10

8
8

5
4
1

_

2
2

5
5

_

_

-

4
4

12
12

65
19
46

10
2
8

1
1

60
60

_

_

-

-

“

-

-

14
11

34
34

34
34

31
3
28
27

76
5
71
63
6

74

23
18
5
4
"

26
13
13
4
9

4
4

"
8

1
1

4
3

13
10

_

_

-

-

26
11
15

16
16

4
4

10
6
4

71
11
60

29
5
24

20
2
18

5
5

.

.

_

.

-

-

-

6
6

10
10

10
10

3
3

2
2

3
3

1
1

17
14

30

25
8
17

8
8

5
3
2

14
14

32
29
3
1
2

21
3
18
7

17
5
12
11
1

-9 3
12
81
80
'

-

38
34
4
3
1

37
34
3
3
"

26
20
6
4
2

30
15
15
14
1

-

1
1

22
22

-

"

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

1
-

30
30

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

54
31
58
62
36

M echanics, maintenance ________________________
Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ____________________________
W holesale trade ___________________________
Retail trade ------------------------------------------------

490
363
127
46
28

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

45
39
62
52
60

O ilers ________________________________ _____________
Manufacturing ________________________________

60
60

1 .9 6
1 .9 6

P ainters, maintenance __________________________
Manufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________

134
57
77

2 . 38
2. 8 0
2. 07

P ip efitters, maintenance ________________________
Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------

92
91

2 .9 7
2 .9 7

_

_

-

-

Tool and die m akers _____________________________
Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------

158
157

3. 05
3. 05

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

7

-

3
3

_

_

-

5
5

-

-

7
7

-

-

29
22
7

"

-

-

-

-

13
13

13
13

-

_
-

.
-

"

-

-

2

_
-

_

7
1
6
_

-

"

-

-

85
71
14
3
3

-

"

8

1

-

-

8

1

.

_

.
-

11
4
7

-

36
1
35

.

_

3
3

_

_

'

14
13
1
1

2
2

_

_

_

1 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 A ll w orkers were at $ 3. 30 to $ 3. 40.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.




$
1. 9 0

1 .8 0

17
17

789
127
662
596
37

See note on p. 4 , relative to the inclusion of railroad s.

$
1 .8 0

-

M e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t i v e ( m a i n t e n a n c e ) --------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 _____________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ___________________________________

NOTE:

$
1 .7 0

_

_

$
3 . 00

$
3 . 10

$
3 . 20

$
3 . 30

3 . 10

3. 20

3. 30

over

and

-

10
4
6
1

4
1
3
3

14
2
12
2 12

63
62
1

34
34

12
12

“

37
10
27

40
39
1

7
5
2

7
6
1

_

6
5
1

-

-

2
2

3
3

-

_

.

-

-

_
.

.
.

_

-

"

-

-

-

17
17

.5 9
53

8
2

34
32

24
14

13
13

155
3
152
150
1

73
15
58
56
1

99
4
95
95

_ 10
_

24
15
9
9

1
.

-

-

-

-

-

27
20
7

71
62
9
2
4

38
2
36
2

2
1
1
1

1

10
9
1
1

7

18
14
4
3
1

5
5

-

“

-

-

20
20

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

"

74
57
17

-

_

-

10
10

“

-

-

1
_

1
1

-

4
4

_
_
_

"

-

-

-

17
16
1

2
_
2

4
4

5
3
2

_

_

2
2

-

-

1

3

2
2

1
1

1
1

_

_

-

"

7
1
6

8
3
5

-

-

1
1

13
13

27
27

7
6

26
26

11
11

-

_

_

_

_

14
14

9
9

10
lo

6
6

18
17

12
12

_

55
55

2 32
32

1

3

_

Table A-4. Custodial and Mqterial Movement Occupations
(A verage stra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry d ivision, Atlanta, G a ., May 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation1 and industry division

E levator op erators, p assen ger
____
(women)
_
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average
hourly - Under 0. 70 0. 80 0. 90 1. 00 1. 10 * . 2 « 1. 30 1. 40 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60
earnings $
and
under
0 .7 0
. 80
. 90 1. 00 1. 10 1. 20 1 .3 0 1. 40 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70

113 $ 0 . 69
------- IT T "
.6 9

3 87
87

-

- —

1
r

11
I T

4
4

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
-

1
1
1

_

-

2
2
2

$

2. 70

$
$
2. 80 2. 90
and

2. 80

2. 90

over

2
2

8
8

10
3
7
7

10
10
10

22
22
17

2
_
2
-

5
5
1

17
17
_

71
71
_

1
1
_

74
74
_

15
15
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
16
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

354
186
168
42

1 .9 6
2. 51
1. 34
1. 88

-

-

-

-

105

4

4

6

-

_

_

_

105

4

-

-

-

-

-

4
'

-

6
4

2, 713
9T F“
1, 795
285
113
394
303

1. 32
1. 70
1. 13
1 .5 9
1. 63
1. 06
1. 04

94
94
_
-

98
98
_
_
54

206
206
_
_
52
120

26
26
_
14

690
56
634
1
_
131
41

243
69
154
6
1
53
51

294
137
157
48
5
26
75

127
48
79
11
32
26
10

257
165
102
82
5
9
4

123
54
69
26
13
23
1

61
15
46
30
13
2

12
12
3
4
4
1

24
6
18
7
11

47
14
33
20
13

56
_
56
48
8

101
93
8
1
7

1
_
1
_
1

202
200
2
2
_

546
76
470
77
84

1. 02
1. 27
.9 F
1 .5 3
. 98

6 63
63
12

172
172
4

11
11
9

15
15
14

97
5
92
14
28

39
3l
8
-

71
28
43
25
3

10
10
2
7

12
4
8
7

6
6
-

8
8
2

-

22
2
20
20

_
-

18
6
12
12

1
1
1

-

1
1
1

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

L a b o r e rs, m a ter ia l handling _ __
_
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------Public u tilities 5 ___________________
W h olesale trade ___________________
Retail trade

3, 054
1, 576
1, 478
532
634
312

1 .6 2
1. 50
1. 76
2. 27
1. 43
1 .5 5

_
-

-

_
_

_
-

43 4
27 4
160
6
121
33

218
132
86
57
6
23

232
159
73
44
29

290
162
128
5
84
39

589
377
212
207
5

158
122
36
9
7
20

132
33
99
6
69
24

107
28
79
6
34
39

12
4
8
8

109
5
104
_
5
99

29
_
29
26
2
1

31
29
2
2

185
20
165
125
40

93
89
4
4

72
71
1
_
1

88
64
24
24
_

275
7
268
268
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

O rder fille r s ______________________________
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______ ____________
W h olesale trade ___________________
R etail trade ________________________

906
135
771
600
171

1. 74
1. 70
1. 74
1 .6 7
1. 98

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
3
_
-

19
17
2
2

45
lo
35
33
2

124
2
122
113
9

39
8
31
29
2

194
47
147
141
6

39
ii
28
24
4

153
7
146
127
19

4
4
1
3

8
8
8
-

20
20
12
8

113
113
1
112

90
90
88
2

16
16
14
2

3
_
3
3
-

21
15
6
6

1
1
_
_

5
5
_
_

9
9
_

-

-

-

-

-

P a c k e rs, shipping (men) ________________
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
W h olesale trade ___________________
R etail trade .............................................

556
225
331
299
28

1 .6 4
1 .7 9
1. 53
1. 53
1. 53

_

_

_
_

35
32
3
3

11
7
4
4

19
2
17
15
2

72
9
63
62
1

132
46
86
86

77

10

52

-

-

52
45
7

1
1
1

1
1
1

48
48
_

11
11
_
_

20
20
_
_

_
_

_

10
3
7

1
1
_

_

77
74
3

5
2
3
3

_
_

_

_

_
_

-

53
40
13
8
1

P a c k e r s, shipping (women) ____________
M anufacturing
_______________________

1 .5 0
1. 54
1. 45
1. 43

8
5
3
3

7

20
4
16
10

7
1
6
6

2
2

13
13

_

6
6

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

_

_

4
4

6
2
4
4

1
1

7

41
21
20
12

5
1
4

7

20
5
15
6

4

7

45
36
9

---------------------------------------

185
97
88
59

R eceiving c lerk s _________________________
M anufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
W h olesale trade ___________________
Retail trade ________________________

253
116
137
79
58

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

85
89
82
87
75

23
19
4

16
2
14
2
12

15
3
12
8
4

24
3
21
17
4

26
8
18
13
5

21
13
8

4

20
11
9
5
4

20
12
8
6
2

15
10
5
1
4

19
5
14
12
2

14
2
12
10
2

Shipping clerk s __________________________________
Manufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
W h olesale trade ________________ ___

211
95
116
99

2.
2.
2.
2.

06
14
00
01

2
2
-

4
3
1

3

3
3
-

17
2
15
14

33
5
28
28

11
2
9
5

26

19
15
4
4

16
11
5
4

19
10
9
8

Guards _____________________________________
M anufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
F in a n c e4
_____________
___
Janitors, p o r te r s, and c lean ers
(m en) ___________________ ________________
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public u tilities 5 __________________
W h olesale trade __________________
R etail trade ________________________

Janitors, p o rte rs, and clean ers
(women)
____
_ _ _ _ _
Manufacturing ______________ ________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public u tilities 5 __________________
Retail trade

N fin m a n u fa r h ir in g

R etail trade

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

- .

-

-

-

-

3
1

-

-

-

-

8

7

19
15

8
7
1‘
1

-




_

_

_
_

_
_
_

_

_

26
21
5
5

4

-

-

-

3

8
3
5
5

10
10

5

11

-

-

-

5
5

11
10

'

_
_
_

-

5
5

17
15
2

_

_

3

1
1
_
_

5
1
4

'

See footnotes at end of table.

35
35 '
_
_
_

3
_

-

-

2
2

5
5

_

_
~

11

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Atlanta, Ga. , May 1961)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation

1

and industry division

Number

of

•workers

S
$
S
Average
hourly 2 Under 0. 70 0 . 80 0 .
earnings $
and
under
.8 0

0. 70
$ 2. 37
2 .4 0
2. 34
2 . 18
2 .4 2

.
-

. 18
1 .6 5
2 . 29
2 .6 5
1 .8 0
1 . 6 2

_
-

625
165
460
231
177

1. 39
1 .4 0
1. 38
1. 52
1 . 1 0

-

1, 514
248
1 , 266
939

2. 32
1. 65
2 .4 5
2. 64
l! 9 2
1 .8 7

Shipping and receiving clerk s ___________
Manufacturing ____ _____________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
W h olesale trade
__________________
Retail trade ________________________

281
142
139
83
30

T ru ck d rivers 8 _____________________________
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
Public utilities 5 ______ ___________
W h olesale trade ____________________
Retail trade
_ _

3, 043
539
2, 504
1, 554
527
406

T ru ck d riv ers, light (under
1 V 2 tons) ______________________________
Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________
W h olesale trade
_______________
Retail
T ru ck d riv ers, m edium ( I V 2 to
and including 4 to n s )_________________
Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________
W h olesale trade ________________
R etail trade _____________________
T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler t y p e ) __ ______________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________
. Public utilities 5
T r u ck e r s, power (forklift) _______________
Manufacturing ____________ ___________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
W h olesale trade ____________________
Retail trade
T ru ck ers, power (other than
forklift) ___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
Public utilities 5 ____________________
Watchmen _________________ _______________
Manufacturing _________________________
N nr>m arm fa rtiTri-n g
PnV»1ir n tilitiP R ®
t*rsid^

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

2 2 1

103

6 8 8

606
430
608
397

2

.
-

. 90
.
-

1

.

$

$

9 0

0 0

1

.
-

.

$

$
$
1. 30 1 .4 0

$
$
$
$
$
1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 . 9

1. 30

1 .4 0

1. 50

1 .6 0

5
5

.
-

5
5
5

6

1

1 . 0 0

10

.
-

.

1 0

1

1

.

2 0

_
-

.

2 0

2

.
.

0 0
0 2

2 1 1

1 . 9 6

124
57

1 .7 8
2 . 0 0

6

-

27
27

46
46

9 5

87

16
79

6 6

27

39

6

27
27
27

6 6
46
- — TIT
50
46
1 2
31
39

-

-

-

-

29
29

_

_

_

_

2 6

-

-

"

-

6

6

6

-

38
34

3

2 1

156
94
62

2 1

51

44

1 1 6

83
33

10




-

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

13
5

9
7
7
"

6

1 2

8

6

10

8

54
54
16
38

98
52
46
40

33

58
42

2 1
1 2

5
6

6 8

15

2 0

14

9

6
8

6

46
36
10

9
-

1 1

4

1

29
18
1 1

3
8

6

.
-

.
-

_
-

2 1

14
7
7

1 2
1 2

-

13
13
-

2 2

45
23
17

9

6
-

107
85

18
4

6

6

16

57
26
31

2 2

26

14
6
8
8

56
43
13
8

96
76
69

1 . 81
1 .6 3
1. 58

-

-

333
146
187
45
38

1. 33
1 .4 2
1. 27
1 .4 6
1 .3 8

_
-

_
-

“

-

1

_

-

-

1

1 2 2

15
107
18
8

See note on p. 4, relative to the inclusion of railro a d s.

"

145

179
49
130

2 1

124
9
1 1 0

5

2

39
89

2

.

$

2

.

0 0

2

.

0 0

2

.

10

2

.

-

1

45
15
30
23

10

48
9
39
32

19
5
14
-

8
1

4

4

56
14
42

24

"

42
29
13
10

2 0

19
14

1 0

14
8

_

3

1

41

6

-

45
-

-

59
44

-

5
-

33

127
82
45
40
5

15
15

2 2
1 1
1 1

-

-

1 2

3

6

_
-

-

-

6

6

1 2

5
7

42
7
35
26
5
4

299
33
266
194
72
-

130
130

2

1

1

2

-

2 2

5
17
17

-

3

-

3

2 1

7

8

5

1 1

1

3

2

3

4

(,

1 1

2

8

1 1
6

_
-

1

1

1

8
8

-

1

-

-

10

1

10

34
13

3
3
"

1

-

-

-

2

1

6

3

-

1

-

1

_

-

-

1

-

1

45
41

3

.
-

-

2

36
19
17

4

2. 70

92
58
34

2

-

30
29

10

2 .6 0

65
52
13

10

1

-

1

2. 50

9
9
3
5

2

8

$
$
$
$
S
$
$
2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2 . 80 2 . 9 0
and
2 .4 0

1 2

6

23
23
-

2 0

1 1

1

1

2 1

36
26

54
75

49
26
23
4
19
-

3
3
3

-

-

40
40

2

18
9
9

1

1 0

1

9

. 80

2. 90

13
13
13
/ -

5
5
-

2

1 2 9 8

1 2 9 8

1281
5

over
2 1

7 2 1
10

-

-

17
17
16

_
-

1

-

-

-

-

755
755
741

5
5

-

1 2

7

56
16
40
q
30

10

14
14
-

42
42
42

4

2. 30

24

39

"

7

2 0

72
19
53
40
13

-

1

2

5
5
-

2

.

10

7
7
7
"

89
5
84
80

1 1

5

Data lim ited to m en w orkers except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 73 at $ 0. 40 to $ 0. 50; 14 at $ 0. 50 to $ 0. 60.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 2 at $ 0. 40 to $ 0. 50; 6 l at $ 0. 60 to $ 0. 70.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 5 at $ 2. 90 to $ 3; 15 at $ 3 to $ 3. 10; 1 at $ 3. 20 to $ 3. 30.
Includes all d rivers regard less of size and type of truck operated.

NO TE:

1 2

2

6

2 .4 8
2. 58
2. 70
2

-

1 .7 0

$
0

-

1

31
31
25

13
9
6

1 1

-

18
16
2

38
7
31
26
4

263
32
231
1 6 1

1
1

1

70
-

37

1

_

2

"

9

3
3

34
34
33

87
87
“

6

35
4
31
31
-

47
46

1

4
2

2

2 1
2 1
2 1

_
-

-

4

_

1

-

1 2

-

4

-

396
396
393

-

"

1

109
109
-

37
37
-

24
24
-

_
-

_
-

"

-

-

-

-

-

15
-

-

-

-

-

1

2
1

2 2

8

2 2

1

4
4

2
1 2

1 2

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-




IB

A ppendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E
B IL L E R , M A C H IN E

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

B ille r , m achine (b illin g m ach in e) —

Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandum, etc Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon cop ies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
B ille r , m achine (b o o k k e e p in g m ach in e)— U s e s a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers ’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and
credit slip s.




C la s s A — Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge o f
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure o f the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sheets, and other records by hand.
C la s s B — Keeps a record o f one or more phases or section s o f
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping*
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory Control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
C la s s A — Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s o f a com ­
plete set o f books or records relating to one phase o f an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

14

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocation s. May a ssist in preparing, ad­
justing and closin g journal entries; may direct cla ss B accounting
clerks.
C la s s B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple co st accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the n e ce s­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COM PTOM ETER O PER ATO R

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

C L E R K , F IL E
C la s s A — In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter file s , cla ss ifie s and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the file s . May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
C la s s B — Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been cla ssified or which is easily identifiable, or loca tes
or a ssists in locating material in file s . May perform incidental
clerica l duties.

CLERK, ORDER

R eceives custom ers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing older sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM E O G R A P H O R D IT T O )

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, reproduces multiple cop ies o f typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare sten cil or Ditto master. May keep file of used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical, keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.
O F F IC E B O Y O R G IR L

Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

15

SECRETARY

Performs secretarial and clerica l duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and making
phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep file s in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. D o e s n ot in clu de tran scribing-m ach in e
work (see transcribing-machine operator).
STE N O G R A P H E R , T E C H N IC A L

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. D o e s n ot in clu d e tran scribin g-m ach in e work.
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice c a lls .
May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who ca ll in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerica l work may take the major part o f this worker's time while at
switchboard.




T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C la s s A — Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
D o e s n ot in clu d e working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations one?day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C la s s B — Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp e cific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May a lso include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
C la s s C — Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp e cific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is cla ssified
as a stenographer, general.

16

T Y P IS T

T Y P I S T —-C o n tin u ed

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of sten cils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing processes. May do clerica l work involving little sp ecia l training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.
C la s s A —

Performs on e or more o f the fo llo w in g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typ in g of com plicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
C la s s B — Performs on e or more o f the fo llo w in g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance p o licie s,
e tc .; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E SSIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L
D R A F T S M A N , JU N IO R

(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.
D RAFTSM AN, L E A D E R

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

D R A F T S M A N , S E N IO R — C ontinued

involved in strength o f materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specification s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.
N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a com bina tion o f the fo llo w in g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

D R A F T S M A N , S E N IO R
TRACER

Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
p oses. Duties involve a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g : Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, e tc., to sca le by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. Uses
T-square, com pass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

17

MAINTENANCE

D PO W E R PL A N T

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or.
equivalent training and experience.
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y

Operates and maintains and may a lso supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May a ls o
supervise these operations. H ea d or c h i e f e n g in eers in e sta b lish m e n ts
em p loyin g more than o n e en g in eer are e x c lu d e d .




H E L P E R , T R A D E S , M A IN T E N A N C E

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp e cific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are a lso performed by workers on a full-time basis.
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .
M A C H IN IST , M A IN T E N A N C E

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

18

M A C H IN IST, M A IN T E N A N C E — Continued

M ILLW R IG H T— C ontinued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is ­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specification s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary d u ties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
M IL L W R IG H T

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




O IL E R

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or con sistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various size s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. W orkers prim arily en ga g ed in in sta llin g and repairing building
san ita tion or h eatin g s y s t e m s are e x c lu d e d .

19

T O O L AND DIE MAKER

PLUM BER, MAINTENANCE

Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
SH EET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assembling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
ELEVATOR

operator

,

passen g er

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD

JANITOR, P O R T E R , OR C LE A N E R — Continued

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, P O R T E R , OR C LE A N E R

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LA B O R E R , M ATERIAL HANDLING

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

20

LA B O R E R , M ATERIAL HANDLING— Continued

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.
ORDER F IL L E R

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C L E R K — Continued

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TR U CK D R IV ER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various tvpes of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

PA C K E R , SHIPPING

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, in v oices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s .




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under l l2 tons)
/
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TR U CK ER , POWER

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
ft U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1961

O— 601642


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102