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Occupational Wage Survey
MIAMI, FLORIDA
DECEMBER 1 9 6 0

Bulletin No. 1285-33




U N IT ED S T A T E S D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BU R EA U O F LA B O R STATISTICS
Ew a n C la g u e , Commisaonar




Occupational Wage Survey




MIAMI, FLORIDA
D ECEM BER

1960

B u lle tin N o . 1 2 8 5 -3 3
March

19 1
6

U N IT ED S T A T E S D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
Arthur J. Goldberg, Secretary
BU R EA U O F LA BO R STATISTICS
E w a n C la g u e , Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 20 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The C om m u nity W age S u r v e y P r o g r a m
T he B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s r e g u l a r l y c o n d u c t s
a r e a w i d e w a g e s u r v e y s in a n u m b e r of i m p o r t a n t i n d u s t r i a l
c e n t e r s . T he s t u d i e s , m a d e f r o m la t e f a l l to e a r l y s p r i n g ,
r e l a t e to o c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e l a t e d s u p p l e m e n t a r y
b enefits,
A p r e l i m i n a r y r e p o r t is a v a i l a b l e on c o m p l e t i o n
o f the s tu d y in e a c h a r e a , u s u a l l y in the m o n th f o l lo w i n g
the p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d . T h i s b u l l e t i n p r o v i d e s a d d it io n a l
da ta not in c l u d e d in the e a r l i e r r e p o r t .
A co n so lid ated
a n a l y t i c a l b u l l e t i n s u m m a r i z i n g the r e s u l t s of a l l of the
y e a r ’ s s u r v e y s is i s s u e d a f t e r c o m p l e t i o n of the f i n a l a r e a
b u l l e t i n f o r the c u r r e n t ro u n d of s u r v e y s .




1
3

T ables:

1

.
2.

A:

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e of s u r v e y ________
P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e in s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and
s tra ig h t-tim e hou rly earnin gs fo r s e le c te d
o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ____________________________________
O ccupation al e a r n in g s : *
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a ti o n s _________________________________
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s ______________
A - 3. M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r plant o c c u p a t i o n s ____________
A - 4. C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ________

A p p e n d ix :

O ccupation al d e sc rip tio n s

___________________________

* N O T E : S i m i l a r t a b u la t io n s f o r t h e s e and o t h e r i t e m s ,
i n c lu d i n g da ta on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s
and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s , a r e a v a i l a b l e in the M i a m i a r e a
r e p o r t f o r D e c e m b e r 1959. A d i r e c t o r y i n d i c a t i n g date of
s tudy and the p r i c e of th is r e p o r t , a s w e l l a s the r e p o r t s
f o r o t h e r m a j o r a r e a s , is a v a i l a b l e upon r e q u e s t .
C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p ­
p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r a c t i c e s in the M i a m i a r e a a r e a l s o
a v a i l a b l e f o r flu id m i l k (M a y I960), h o t e l s ( A p r i l I960),
p o w e r l a u n d r i e s and d r y c l e a n e r s ( A p r i l I960), and b a n k in g
(M a y I960).
Union s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p ay
l e v e l s , a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r s e v e n s e l e c t e d b u ild in g t r a d e s
in the M i a m i a r e a .

2

2

vo r- oo

T h i s r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u ’ s r e g i o n a l
o f f i c e in A t l a n t a , G a . , b y D o n a ld M. C r u s e , un der the
d i r e c t i o n of L o u i s B . W o y t y c h , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r
f o r W a g e s and I n d u s t r i a l R e l a t i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ___________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ____________________

11




Occupational W age Survey—Miami, Fla.

Introduction
T h is a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l im p o rta n t in d u s tr ia l c e n t e r s in
w h ich the U. S. D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r 's B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistic s
con d u cts s u r v e y s o f o ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la te d w age b e n e fits
on an a r e a b a s is .
The b u lle tin p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c cu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a rn in g s in fo rm a tio n ob ta in ed la r g e ly b y m a il fr o m the e sta b lis h m e n ts
v is it e d b y B u rea u f ie ld e c o n o m is t s in the la s t p r e v io u s s u r v e y f o r o c c u ­
p a tio n s r e p o r t e d in that e a r l i e r study.
P e r s o n a l v is it s w e r e m a d e
to n o n re sp o n d e n ts and to th o se r e sp o n d e n ts r e p o rtin g unusual ch a n g es
s in c e the p r e v io u s su r v e y .

In e a c h a r e a , data a r e obtain ed fr o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an u fa ctu rin g; t r a n s p o r ­
ta tion , 1 c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ­
ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r
in d u stry g ro u p s e x clu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s
and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h aving
fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m ber o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d a ls o b e c a u s e
th ey fu rn is h in s u ffic ie n t em p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied to w a r ­
ran t in clu s io n . W h e re v e r p o s s ib le , se p a r a te tabu la tion s a r e p r o v id e d
f o r ea ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s .
T h e se s u r v e y s a r e co n d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u rv e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts . T o obtain
a p p r o p r ia te a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied. In co m b in in g the data, h o w ­
e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w eigh t. E s tim a te s
b a s e d on the e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e , a s r e ­
la tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a , e x ­
c e p t f o r th o se b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied.

O ccu p a tion s and E a rn in g s
The o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n onm anufacturin'g in d u s tr ie s . O ccu p a tio n a l c l a s ­
s ific a tio n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to

1 R a ilr o a d s , f o r m e r l y e x clu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f th e s e stu d ies,
w e r e in clu d e d in a ll o f the a r e a s stu d ied s in c e J u ly 1959, e x c e p t
B a ltim o r e , B u ffa lo, C levela n d , and S ea ttle.
R a ilr o a d s a r e now in ­
c lu d e d in the s c o p e o f a l l la b o r -m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y s .




take a c c o u n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in the sa m e
jo b . (S ee a p p en d ix f o r lis tin g o f th e s e d e s c r i p t i o n s . ) E a rn in g s data a r e
p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) f o r the fo llo w in g ty p e s o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s : (a) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l; (c ) m a in te ­
n an ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t.

O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e show n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th o se h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d ­
u le in the g iv e n o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in g s data e x clu d e
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and
la te sh ifts.
N on p rod u ction b o n u s e s a r e e x clu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f liv in g b o n u s e s and in ce n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d e d .
W h ere w e e k ly
h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is
to the w o r k s c h e d u le s (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) fo r w h ich
s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e se
o c cu p a tio n s h ave b e e n rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f m e n and w o m e n a r e p r e s e n te d s e p a r a te ly
f o r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s in w h ich b oth s e x e s a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d .
D iffe r e n c e s in p a y le v e ls o f m en and w om en in th e se o c cu p a tio n s a r e
la r g e ly due to (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am on g
in d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts ; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ifi c d u tie s p e r ­
fo r m e d , alth ough the o c cu p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s if i e d w ithin
the sa m e s u r v e y >ob d e s c r ip t io n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in len gth o f s e r v ­
i c e o r m e r it r e v ie w w hen in d iv id u a l s a la r ie s a r e a d ju ste d on th is b a s is .
L o n g e r a v e r a g e s e r v ic e o f m e n w ou ld r e s u lt in h ig h e r a v e r a g e pa y
w hen both s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w ith in the sa m e r a te ra n g e .
Job
d e s c r ip t io n s u se d in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u ­
a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o s e u se d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts to
a llo w f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s a m on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c if i c d u ties
p e r fo r m e d .

O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and n ot the n u m b er a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c tu r e am on g
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s t im a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t ob ta in ed
fr o m the sa m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d ic a te the
r e la t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s stu d ied.
T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e d o n ot m a t e r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in g s data.

2




Table 1.

Establishm ents and w orker^ within scope of survey and number studied in M iam i, F la. ,

by m ajor industry division ,2 D ecem ber i960

Number of establishm ents
Industry division

Within scope
of study 5

Studied

W orkers in establishm ents
Within scope
of study

Studied

__________________________________________________________

624

159

109, 800

63, 220

Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------- ------------- — ------------- ------- ---------Transportation, communication, and other
public utilities 4 ------------------------------------------------- -----------------W holesale tr a d e 5 --------------------------------- — — -----------------------Retail trade _______ ___________________________________________ ____
Finance, insurance, and real e s ta te 5 ------------------ — ---------Services 5’
------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------

178
446

48
111

24, 500
85, 300

10, 680
52, 540

51
57
148
64
126

21
12
35
13
30

27,
4,
30,
8,
15,

24, 240
940
18, 310
2, 580
6, 470

A ll divisions

400
100
200
100
500

1 The M iam i Standard M etropolitan Statistical A rea (Dade County).
The "w o rk ers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide
a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey.
The estim ates are not intended, however,
to serve as a basis of com parison with other area employment indexes to m easu re employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys
requires the use of establishm ent data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded
from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying establishm ents by industry division.
M ajor
changes from the earlier edition (used in the B ureau's labor m arket wage surveys conducted prior to July 1958) are the tran sfer of m ilk pasteurization
plants and ready-m ixed concrete establishm ents from trade (wholesale or retail) to manufacturing, and the transfer of radio and television broad­
casting from service s to the transportation, communication, and other public utilities division.
5 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the m in im u m -size lim itation (50 em ployees).
A ll outlets (within the area) of
c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s tr ie s a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v i c e s ,

and m o t io n -p ic t u r e t h e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t.

4 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation w ere excluded.
5 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll in d u strie s" and "nonmanufacturing" in the se rie s A tables.
Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data
to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to
perm it separate presentation, (4) there is possibility of d isclosu re of individual establishm ent data.
6 H otels; personal se rv ice s; business s e rv ic e s ; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering
and architectural se rv ic e s.

Table 2 . Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in M iam i, Fla.
D ecem ber 1959 to D ecem ber I960
Occupational groups

A ll industries

Manuf a ctur ing

3. 0
5. 1
1 .9
3. 5

3. 8
(M
3.5
5. 6

Office clerical (women) ------------------------------------Industrial nurses (women) --------------------------------Skilled maintenance (men) -------------------------------Unskilled plant (m en )-------------------------------------------

Insufficient data to m eet publication criteria.

3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n te d in ta ble 2 a r e p e r c e n ts o f change in s a la r ie s o f
w om en o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , and in a v e ra g e
ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g ro u p s.

T h e se w eigh ted ea rn in g s f o r in div id u al o c cu p a tio n s w e re then tota led
to obtain an a g g re g a te f o r e a c h o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p . F in a lly , the ra tio
o f th ese g rou p a g g re g a te s f o r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te f o r the
o th e r y e a r w as com p u ted and the d iffe r e n c e b etw een the r e s u lt and
is the p e r c e n t o f change fr o m the one p e r io d to the o th e r.

10
0

F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
cen ts o f change r e la te to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o rm a l h ou rs
o f w ork , that i s , the stan dard w ork s ch e d u le f o r w h ich s tr a ig h t -tim e
s a la r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r plant w o r k e r g ro u p s , th ey m e a s u r e changes
in s t r a ig h t-tim e h o u r ly e a r n in g s, ex clu d in g p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r ­
tim e and f o r w ork on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts. The p e r ­
cen ta g es a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e le c t e d k e y o c cu p a tio n s and in clu d e
m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t jo b s w ithin ea ch g rou p .
The o f ­
f i c e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a se d on w om en in the fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i lle r s ,
m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e ); b o o k k e e p in g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A
and B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c le r k s , file , c la s s A and B ; c le r k s ,
o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; keyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s ; o ffic e g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ;
s te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ; tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p ­
e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B.
The in d u str ia l n u rse
data a r e b a s e d on w om en in d u stria l n u r s e s .
M en in the fo llo w in g
s k ille d m a in ten an ce jo b s and 3 u n sk illed jo b s w e re in clu d ed in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k illed — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e ­
c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u tom otiv e; m illw r ig h ts ; p a in te r s ; p ip e fit t e r s ;
s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s ; and to o l and d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n ito r s ,
p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a te r ia l h andling; and w atch m en .

1
0

A v e r a g e w eek ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly ea rn in g s w e re
com p u ted f o r e a ch o f the s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s .
The a v e r a g e s a l ­
a r ie s o r h o u r ly ea rn in g s w e re then m u ltip lie d by the a v e r a g e e m p lo y ­
m en t in the jo b du ring the m onths in d ica te d in the title o f ta ble 2.




The p e r c e n t o f change m e a s u r e s , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s o f
(1) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w age ch a n g es; (2) m e r it o r o th e r in c r e a s e s
in p a y r e c e iv e d b y in div idu al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and
(3) ch a n ges in the la b o r f o r c e su ch as la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n ­
s io n s , fo r c e r e d u c tio n s , and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d b y esta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pa y le v e ls . Changes in the
la b o r f o r c e can ca u se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c cu p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s w ithout actu a l w age ch a n g es. F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e ex p a n sion
m igh t in c r e a s e the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c ifi c
o c cu p a tio n and r e s u lt in a d ro p in the a v e r a g e , w h erea s a r e d u ctio n
in the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ould have the o p p o s ite e ffe c t .
The m o v e m e n t o f a h ig h -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a cou ld
ca u se the a v e r a g e ea rn in g s to d r o p , ev en though no change in ra tes
o c c u r r e d in o th e r a r e a e sta b lis h m e n ts .
The u se o f con stan t em p lo y m e n t w eigh ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t s
o f changes in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
N o r a r e the p e r c e n ts o f change in flu e n ce d b y
changes in stan dard w o rk sc h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e ,
s in c e they a re b a s e d on pa y f o r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u rs.
In dexes f o r the p e r io d 1953 to I960 f o r w o r k e r s in 20 m a jo r
la b o r m a rk e ts w ill a p p ea r in B LS B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -6 2 , W ages and R ela ted
B e n e fits , 60 L a b o r M a rk e ts, W in ter 1 9 5 9 -6 0 .

4

A* Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , M ia m i, F la . , D e c e m b e r I9 6 0 )

Avkkage
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
W
eekly
W
eekly
40 . 00
hours1
earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45 . 00

$
45 . 00

$
50. 00

$
55. 00

$
60. 00

$
65. 00

$
70. 00

$
75. 00

$
80. 00

$
85. 00

$
90.00

$
$
95 .0 0 100.00

S
$
105.00 110.00

50. 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

9 0 . 00

95. 00

100.00

110.00 115.00

105.00

$
$
S
115.00 120.00 125.00
and
120.00 125.00
over

Men
C lerk s, accounting, c la ss A _____________ — -------- —
Manufacturing --------- ------------- ------------------------ --------Nonmanufacturing ------------ ------------------ -------- — ----R etail trade --------------------------------------- ---------------------

252

38.
40 .
38.
41 .

5 $ 9 5 . 50
90. 50
0
9 6 . 00
5
5
9 8 . 00

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

8
8
3

11
8
3
-

15
15

43
3
40

32
2
30
8

5
2
3
-

-

■-

35
35
1

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss B --------- ------------- ------- ----Manufacturing _________________ ___ _____ __________
Nonmanufacturing ------- ------------------------------------- -----Public utilities 2 -------------------------------------------------------

185
----- J E ----149
66

3 9 .5
40 . 0 “
39. 5
39. 0

78. 00
7 1 .5 0
79. 50
89. 50

"

_
-

-

4
4
-

19
15
4
4

47
6
41
2

M
14
4

24
6
18
5

29
5
24
11

2
2
1

11
2
9
6

24
24
24

2
2
2

9
------- 2
7
7

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
_
-

-

-

-

-

C lerk s, order ______________________________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________

58
37

40 . 0
40 . 0

79. 00
80. 00

-

-

-

-

11
4

14
7

12
5

9
9

7
7

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

4
4

-

“

1
1

-

-

"

-

-

C lerk s, payroll ______________ ____________ ________ ___
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________

58
40

40. 0
40. 0

83. 00
85. 50

_

_

1

5

_

6
4

6
------- 6

15
------F5

2
2

4

_

_

-

1
1

_

-

6
6

_

-

9
5

*

-

-

-

Office boys __________________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing --- ---------------------------------------------- __
Public u tilit ie s 2 ------- ---------- ------------- -------- —

66
62
29

39. 0
39. 0
37. 5

54. 50
54. 00
61.00

3
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

"

35
6
29
8

8
-

23
23
2

iV

226
32

27
5
22
5

8
8
5

2
2

-

3
1

“

28
28
5

14
13
12

8
6
"

1
1
1

4
4
4

1
-

1
1
1

6
6
6

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

_

-

2
2

4
2

4
4

9
9

85. 50
85. 50
90. 50

-

-

"

1
1
-

7
7
1

5
5
2

9
9
5

3
3
2

5
5—

-

-

17
17
13

3
3
3

64.
60.
64.
60.

00
00
50
00

_
-

4
4
4

18
3
15
8

29
8
21
19

40
9
31
11

28
2
26
10

24
3
21
10

5
5

-

_
-

11
11

12
12

3
3

8
4

32
26

12
12

20
20

10
10

2
2

16
16

38
8
30

33
21
12

34
7
27

18
2
16

15
15

-

52
48“
6

99
98
3

42
32
5

22
17
1

8
5
4

Tabulating-m achine op erators, c la ss A _ __ ------- —
Nonmanufacturing
— ------- ---------------------------- -----

33
— n —

37. 5
99. 00
---- 3775“ "”99." 5 (T

Tabulating-m achine op erators, c la ss B ____ ___________
Nonmanufacturing _____________
__________ ________
Public utilities 2 — ------------------------------------------------

56
----- 55—
35

38. 0
~ 3an r
37. 0

B ille r s , machine (billing machine) — ---------- ----- —
Manufacturing ------------- ----- -------- ---------- ---------------Nonmanufacturing ------------ ------------------ ------------- ----Retail trade _______ ___ __ ----— ----------------

159
25
134
62

41.
40.
41.
42.

B ille r s , machine (bookkeeping machine) -------------- ----Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------

103
93

43. 0
43. 5

70 . 00
70. 50

-

-

-

-

Bookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss A
--- ---------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------

173
40
133

40 . 5
40. 0
40. 5

6 8 . 00
6 8 . 00
6 8 . 00

-

4
4

8
8

Bookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss B
________
Nonmanufacturing ----------- -------- -------Retail trade ------ — ---------- __ ------------- ----- —

389

40. 0
40. 0
42. 0

59. 00
58. 50
70. 00

6
6
-

64
64
-

74
74
7

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss A --------- —
---------- ----Manufacturing __ ------------ ----— __ — __
Nonmanufacturing -------- ----------------- —
-------------Public u tilities 2 --- ----__ — ----------------R etail trade ________ __ __ __
-------------- — —

374
74
300
117
88

40.
40.
40 .
37.
41 .

0
0
0
0
5

83. 00
8 8 . 50
8 1 .5 0
9 0 . 00
7 5 . 00

_
-

_
-

4
4
4

6
6
6

33
33
16

24
4
20
11

24
1
23
8
8

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss B _____________________________
Manufacturing _ __ ----- — ------------ — -------- _ __
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Public utilitie s 2
--------------------------------- — _
Retail trade _ -------------- -----

111

39.
40.
39.
38.
40 .

5
0
5
0
5

65.
64.
65.
72.
63.

31
4
27

58
5
53
33

139
17
122
35
40

72
8
64
19
22

114
30
84
29
51

91
41
50
15
12

71
6
65
18
13

-

-

8
--------s ~

8
------- ---- f,

-

-

2
2

2
2

_

_

-

-

_
-

2
------- 2
2

_
-

_
-

-

-

4

-

_
-

_

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

-

-

-

-

4
4

_

_

_

_

-

"

-

-

-

2
1
1

-

1
1
-

4
4

_
-

11
11
8

10
10
10

-

-

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

82
17
65
31
15

32
14
18
6
1

50
8
42
16
7

37
3
34
20
5

32
6
26
22
2

9
9
9

3
3
3

22
21
1
1

86
7
79
42
17

22
9
13
1
4

14
2
12
2
5

2
2
-

57
1
56
16
40

3
3
3

17
17
17

_
-

3

4
------- i~~

-

Women

44

132
645
197
264

5
0
5
5

50
00
50
00
00

-

27

-

-

-

fo o t n o t e s




a t e n d o f ta b le ,

-

_

_

_

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

9
9
9
-

4
4
4

3
3
1
-

_
-

_
-

-

~

'
See

_

'

-

'

_
_
_
“

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , M ia m i, F la . , D e c e m b e r i9 6 0 )
A vb bao k

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

$
40. 00
WeeHy
W
eekly
hours 1
earnings 1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45. 00

S
S
$
$
s
$
95. 00 ?oo. 00 1 0 5 .0 0 n o . oo 1 1 5 .0 0 120 . 00 1 2 5 .0 0

45. 00

50. 00

$
55. 00

^>0 . 00

65. 00

70. 00

*
75. 00

%. 00
0

^ 5 . 00

90. 00

50. 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 105. 00 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 125. 00

and
over

W omen— Continued
9
9

_

_

-

-

-

5
5
5

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

3
-

10
10

7
7

13
7

_

30
16
14
2
3

28
8
20
3
8

32
7
25
4
3

12
6
6
1
1

24
4
20
15
5

54
14
40
29

22
4
18
4

10
5
5
5

5
5

_
-

4
4

_
-

~

-

-

-

9
8

6
-

2
2

12
12

5
5

2
2

-

-

31
29
6
16

21
21
3
11

64
60
44
2

51
51
30
4

26
24
20
-

54
54
48
1

10
10
9
-

20
20
18
-

5
5
5
-

1
1
1
-

7
7

8
8

12
5

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

8
8
-

18
10
8
3

38
3
35
6

123
25
98
4
10

160
28
132
23
9

124
9
115
31
13

182
24
158
45
22

247
28
219
105
12

77
21
56
23
2

94
13
81
19
15

78
2
76
20
9

38
4
34
12

16
16
6
-

-

2

14

97
11
86
18

49
15
34
21

18
-

13
6

18
14

9
9

20
20
20

_
-

41
39

30
30
27

9

-

14

138
5
133
40

-

2

68
11
57
3

13

-

50
4
46
10

41

-

_

_

_

1

11

_

7

_

_

1

2

2

1

9

57

21
1
20
19
-

9

10

2

259
1
258
4
21

27
1
26
2
14

11

57
4
5

82
24
58
1
5

14

9

96
6
90
8
26

9
9
-

10
10
-

11

7

19

32
23
9
8

86
33
53
33

40
21
19
5

13
7
6

C lerk s, file, class A --------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------

77
69

3 9 .5
39. 5

$63. 00
63. 00

_

C lerk s, file, class B ------------------------------------ 1
-------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 -------------------------------------------------------

290
276
25

40. 0
40. 0
37. 5

5 1 .5 0
51. 00
58. 50

C lerk s, order ---------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------

82
61

39. 5
40. 0

C lerk s, payroll ------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------- ----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 ------------------------------------------------------Retail trade ---------------------------------------------------------------

215
56
159
67
34

C om ptom eter operators ---------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------Retail trade ---------------------------------------------------------------

235
40
195
161

Duplicating-m achine operators
(M im eograph or Ditto) ---------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------

72
56

Keypunch operators ----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------Public u tilities 2 ------------------------------------------------------Retail trade _________ ______________________________

292
284
185
38

Office g ir ls ------------------------------------ ----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------

40
33

S ecretaries ------------------------------------ — ------------- — -------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------ -------Nonmanufacturing -------------- ---------------------------------Public utilities 2 ------------------------------------------------------Retail trade ---------------------------------------------------------------

1, 232
169
1, 063
308
104

Stenographers, general ---------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------Public u tilities 2 ____________________________________

549
46
503
207

--------------------------------------------------

35

Switchboard operators --------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 ________________________________________
Retail trade ---------------------- ------------------------------------------------Switchboard op erator-recep tion ists ------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------- ----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------Retail trade __________________________________________

Stenographers, technical

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le .




_

5
4

13
13

13
13

15
13

21
16

-

1
1

35 3
53

67
67
13

67
65
2

69
62
-

19
19
"

7
2
2

3
3
3

6 6 . 00
65. 00

2
2

8
8

9
9

18
12

7
4

5
2

40. 5
40. 0
40. 5
39. 5
4 1 .0

74.
72.
75.
82.
68.

50
50
50
00
00

_
-

1
1
1

12
2
10
5
5

8
2
6
3
3

30
5
25
7
4

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

60. 00
6 1 .5 0
59. 50
57. 50

_
-

19
19
19

38
38
38

75
17
58
58

39. 5
39. 5

57. 00
58. 00

6
6

17
16

13
5

38.
38.
37.
40.

68.
68.
72.
54.

00
00
50
50

_
-

8
8
4

39. 5
3 9 .5

50. 50
49. 50

10
10

39. 5
40. 0
39. 5
37. 5
4 0 .0

78. 50
74. 50
79. 00
84. 50
7 7 .0 0

_

39.
40.
39.
38.

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

67.
63.
68.
77.

50
50
00
50

4 0 .0

83. 50

596
33
563
70
75

43.
40.
44.
39.
40.

5
0
0
0
5

57.
60.
57.
74.
56.

00
00
00
50
00

209
85
124
62

40. 5
40. 0
4 1 .5
42. 0

59.
62.
58.
57.

50
00
00
00

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

11
4

7
1

19
11

-

14
8
2

_

_

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

"

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

33
5
28
24

1
1
1

1
1
1
-

2
1
1
1
-

_
-

_
_

_
-

-

-

1
1
1
-

8

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

16
16
15
1

2
2
2
-

5
1
4
2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

3

2

5

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
1
5
1

1
1
1
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

11
4

_
-

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

"

-

-

,

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , M ia m i, F la . , D e c e m b e r I9 6 0 )

Average

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

W
eekly
W
eekly * 4 0 . 00
hours 1
earnin 1 and
gs
(Standard) (Standard) under
45. 00

^ 5 . 00
50. 00

S o.

00

55. 00

$55. 00 *60. 00 *65. 00 *70. 00 *75. 00
60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

00
o
o
o

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

00
U
l
o
o

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$
*85. 00 *90. 00 * 9 5 .0 0 fo o .o o f 0 5 .00 f i o .o o f 15.00 120.00 125.00
and
90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00
over

Women— Continued
-

39. 0 $ 6 6 . 50
66. 50
39. 0

Tabulating-m achine op erators, c la ss B ----------------------Nonmanufacturing ------ -----------------------------------------------

67
67

Typ ists, c la ss A _______ __________________ ____________
Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________
Public utilities 2 --------------------- -----------------------------

349
32
317
208

39.
40.
39.
39.

5
0
5
0

T yp ists, c la ss B ----------------- ------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2--------------------------------------------------------Retail trade -------------------------------------------------------------

518
83
435
49
42

40.
40.
40.
39.
40.

1
2
3

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
In c lu d e s 3 w o r k e r s a t $ 3 0 to $ 3 5 a n d 6 w o r k e r s at $ 3 5 to $ 4 0 .

-

-

_

_

-

-

1
1

3
3

_

-

1
1

_

-

-

50
00
00
50

-

34
2
32
23

35

30
30
30

_
-

3

1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

1
1

-

-

-

-

. -

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
4

9
9
9

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

"

_

“

~

10
10

13
13

5
5

7
7

6
6

3
3

16
16

_
-

0
54. 50
0 ..3 5 .0 1 T
0
54. 50
66. 50
5
5
53. 50

67.
63.
68.
72.

2
2

"

24
24
4

39
1
38
10

47
6
41
22

44
10
34
27

53

39

94
147
— r r ~ ------19
82
128
6
24
1

104

86
------T 2
64
19
8

30
30
-

t h e ir

r e g u la r

—

i r ~

80
2
9

s tr a ig h t-tim e

-

r r ~

40
20

39
39
3
2
1
1
“

39
------- r ~
35
8

s a la r ie s

a n d th e

e a rn in g s

-

35
29

"
corresp on d

to th e s e

-

w e e k ly h o u r s .

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , M ia m i, F la . , D e c e m b e r I9 6 0 )

Average

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

$

N u m ber

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of

W e e k ly
h ou rs 1
(S ta n da rd)

W e e k ly
earnings 1
(Sta n da rd)

5 5 . 00
and
u n d er
6 0 . 00

! o . 00

*65. 00

■

~
7 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

$

7 0 . 00

S

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

$

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

8 5 . 00

* 0 . 00

-

-

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00

$

“

9 5 .0 0

$
1 0 0 .0 0

$

S

1 1 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0

$
1 1 5 .0 0

■
1 0 5 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0

$

1 2 0 .0 0

$

1 2 5 .0 0

“
1 2 0 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0

~
1 3 0 .0 0

$

1 3 0 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0

~
1 4 0 .0 0

$

1 4 0 .0 0
and
over

M en
D r a f t s m e n , s e n io r ____________________________________
_____
M a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------- ---------------------------------................
. .
. ..
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2

131
72
59
37

39. 5
4 0 .'0
38. 5
37. 5

$ 1 1 4 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0

D r a f t s m e n , ju n io r
---------------- ------------------------------ — --------M a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------- ------------------------------ -----------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -----------------------------------------------------------------

96
------ 55—
31

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

8 8 .0 0
8 3 70 0
9 8 .0 0

38. 0
38. 0

8 2 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

6
4
2

9
4
5

9
7
2

5
1
i

1
1

4
3

13
13

-

1

-

5
4
1

11
11

-

-

3

1

2

2
2

7
7

2
2

s tr a ig h t-tim e

s a la r ie s

2

2

15
9
6

17
9
8

4
4

2
2

5
5

2
2

2 r~
7
7
11

18

— ir ~ —

6

5

-

-------5

nr

2

-

2
1

18
18

3

-

_

-

-

-

6

-

3
3

4
4

-

2
2

.

-

_

_

_

_

—

2

“

16
10
6

-

-

7
T

15

25
13
12

18
_

-------

7

W om en
N u r s e s , in d u s tr ia l (r e g i s t e r e d ) ------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------------------------------- __

1
2

26
25

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .




t h e ir

r e g u la r

a n d th e

e a rn in g s

corresp on d

-

to th e s e

2
2

w e e k ly h o u r s .

_

7
Table A-3. M aintenance and Powerplant O ccupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , M ia m i, F l a ., D e c e m b e r I96 0 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly .
earnings1

$
1. 10
and
under
1.20

$
1.20

$
1. 30

$
1. 40

$
1. 50

$
1.60

$
1.70

$
1.80

$
1.90

$
2. 00

1. 30

1.40

1. 50

1. 60

1. 70

1.80

1. 90

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

3
3

1
1

$

2. 10

$
$
2. 20 2. 30
2. 30

4
4

-

23
23

5
5

1
1

7
1

4

-

_
"

_
"

_
-

5
5
-

11
11
-

3
3
-

15
14
1
-

7
7
-

5
4
1

14
14
-

1
1
-

1
1
~

2. 06
2. 36
1.94

_
-

3
3

_
-

7
7

18
18

22
22

6
6

23
23

20
7
13

11
7
4

_
'

134
65
69

1.80
1.78
1.81

6
6

9
9
-

6
4
2

17
5
12

10
4
6

11
10
1

3
3
-

5
5

8
5
3

21
21

Machinists, maintenance --------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------Public utilities 2 --------------------------------------

277
136
141
141

2. 76
2. 51
3.01
3. 01

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
"

_
~

8
8
-

_
-

Mechanics, automotive (maintenance) -----------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------Public utilities 2 -------------------------------------Retail trade ______________________________

489
95
394
252
66

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

40
12
47
64
00

_
-

_
-

2
2
2

1
1
1

8
8
2

2
2
2

11
9
2
2

26
11
15
1
8

Mechanics, maintenance ---------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------

154
99
55

2. 25
2. 11
2. 51

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

7
7

2
2

4
3
1

Oilers ---------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------

29
28

1.60
1.61

4 10
10

5
5

1
1

_

1

_

Painters, maintenance ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------

113
109

2. 14
2. 13

_

_

8
8

_

4

-

-

Tool and die makers ----------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------

74
74

2. 53
2. 53

_

_

Carpenters, maintenance --------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------

115
103

$ 2. 46
2. 52

Electricians, maintenance ------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------Public utilities 2 --------------------------------------

189
100
89
56

2.
2.
2.
3.

53
40
67
01

Engineers, stationary -------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------

187
55
132

Helpers, trades, maintenance -----------------------Manufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

_

_

2. 50

$

2. 50
2. 60

2. 60'
2. 70

$

2. 70
2. 80

$

2. 80

2. 90

3. 00

$
3. 10

3. 00

3. 10

3. 20

$

2. 90

$

$
3. 20
and
over

-

4
4

2
2

3
3

9
9

38
38

"

9
9

12
12
-

14
14
“

8
8
"

5
5
4

19
11
8
-

3
2
1
1

11
11
11

33
1
32
32

8
8
8

14
11
3
-

29
24
5

20
9
11

3
3

6
6

1
1

2
1
1

4
1
3

5
5

1
1

_
-

6
6
-

12
9
3

21
16
5

_
-

5
5

_
-

_
~

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
~

3
3
-

_
-

82
82
-

_
“

21
21
-

7
4
3
3

_
-

7
7
7

32
32
32

95
95
95

_
-

22
3 18
4
4

43
12
31
10
13

17
6
11
3
6

29
6
23
17

58
40
18
4
10

17
3
14
14
-

no
no
88
2

29
8
21
16
1

11
11
3
"

34
34
34
-

20
20
12
-

14
14
10
-

57
57
57
"

_
-

_
-

22
22

20
20
-

17
11
6

30
20
10

2
2

3
3
"

7
7

_
-

_
-

10
10

1
1

4
4

3
3
"

22

_

-

-

22

-

_

_

,

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

-

-

12
12

-

"

-

-

-

-

8
8

25
25

5
5

4
4

10
10

_

4

5 13
13

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

4
4

2

$

-

Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilitie s.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 4 at $ 3. 20 to $ 3. 30; 14 at $ 3. 40 to $ 3. 50.
Includes 4 w ork ers at $ 1 to $ 1 . 1 0 .
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 1 at $ 3. 20 to $ 3. 30; 11 at $ 3. 30 to $ 3. 40; 1 at $ 3. 60 to $ 3. 70.




2. 40

$
2. 40

-

-

4
4

15
15

8
4

_
-

_
-

1
1

1
1

1
1

1
1

5
5

_

7
7

12
12

11
11

5
5

18
18

8
8

3
3

2
2

2
2

"
2
2

_

8
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , M ia m i, F la . , D e c e m b e r I9 6 0 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n 1 a n d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

$
Average
hourly 2 U n d e r 0 . 70
earnings
and
$
under
0 . 70
. 80

$
0 . 80

$
0. 90

$
1. 00

$
1. 10

$
1. 20

$
1. 30

$
1 .4 0

$
1. 50

$
1. 60

$
1. 70

$
1. 8 0

$
1. 90

$
2. 00

$
2 . 10

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

$
2 .4 0

$
2. 50

$
2. 6 0

$
2. 7 0
and

. 90

1. 00

1. 10

1. 20

1. 30

1 .4 0

1. 50

1. 60

1. 70

1. 80

1. 0 0

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

2. 6 0

2. 70

over

-

E l e v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r (m e n ) _________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
______________________________

74
74

$ 0 . 88
. 88

-

-

66
66

-

-

-

8
8

- i

-

-

-

-

-

-

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r (w o m e n )
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
______________________________

109
107

. 85
. 85

10
10

24
24

54
54

2
2

12
12

3
3

4
2

-

_

-

-

-

.

-

-

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

G u ards
_________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________

193
168

1. 63
1. 67

_

_

_

2
2

34
18

17
13

16
14

26
25

38
36

2
2

2
2

23
23

16
16

_

-

14
14

_

-

3
3

-

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s (m e n ) ________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________ __________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ________ __________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ______________ _____ __________

1 ,4 9 9
2 89
1 ,2 1 0
261
2 76

1 .3 1
1 .4 6
1. 28
1. 85
1. 12

16
16
-

29
29
20

9
9
-

44
44

1 79
29
150
9
38

1 25
45
80
5
33

134
101
33
29
2

112
36
76
32
28

11
1
10
8

45
11
34
30

30
30
30

74
8
66
66

54
4
50
50

.

21

129
18
111
2
24

55
36
19
-

-

453
453
110

-

-

-

-

-

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s (w o m e n ) _____
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
R e t a i l t r a d e ___________________________________

115
108
39

1. 19
1. 20
1. 14

14
* 14

-

2
2

17
12
3

23
23
6

23
21
7

7
7
7

4
4
4

_

.

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d l in g
____________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
__________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 _____________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ___________________________________

1 ,4 6 6
576
890
3 26
3 27

47
14
33
17

156
31
125
44

2 77
127
150
101

133
71
62
55

174
98
76
42

29
3
26
26

100
19
81
73
8

68
63
5
4
1

58
6
52
5
2

152
80
72
72
-

-

O rd er fille r s
_________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
R e t a il tr a d e
________________ _
_ __________

-

32
32
28

32
24
10

12
12
2

33
33
13

44
36
11

33
33
10

15
12
12

46
43
19

19
19
12

4
4
4

33
27
6

22
21
1

11
4
7

_
-

7
7

_
-

6
6

-

-

-

5
5

14
13
6

8
4
4

10
10

6
2
1

12
10
8

3
3

10
10

14
3
11

27
16
11

_

4
4

19
16
3

-

_

7
7

13
12
1

10
10

113

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12
12

63
53
69
21
36

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

92
56
36
31

273
251
122

1. 64
1. 64
1. 63

.
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

P a c k e r s , s h ip p in g
__________________________________
______________ __________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________ _____

131
71
60

1. 53
1. 58
1 .4 8

_
-

-

-

-

.
-

-

-

"

6
5
1

37
37

8
8

-

1
1

R e c e iv in g c le r k s
__
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------ --------R e t a i l t r a d e ___________________________________

136
122
53

1. 86
1. 86
1. 63

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8
8

4
4

-

6
6
6

18
17
9

4
4
4

S h ip p in g c l e r k s
______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________ __ __________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________ ______________

133
81
52

2 . 17
2. 26
2. 03

_

_

_

.

.

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

88
51
37

2. 12
2. 21
2 . 01

-

_

_

.

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

7
4

2
2

6
6

"

6
6

70
18
52
22

66
12
54
30

1 96
64
132
90

206
151
1 10

137
24
113
25

15
6

86

32
12
20
20

91
7
84
20

S h ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s
___________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________ ___________________

1.
1.
1.
2.
1.

T r u c k d r i v e r s 7 _______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___ ______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 _____________________ _____
R e t a il tr a d e _
_ ______________________________

2 , 126
497
1 ,6 2 9
5 76
637

1.
1.
2.
2.
1.

98
81
04
53
74

T r u c k d r i v e r s , li g h t (u n d e r lV z t o n s ) ______
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______ ______________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________ ______________
R e t a i l t r a d e _______________________________

419
45
3 74
2 45

1.
1.
1.
1.

67
59
68
62

S e e fo o t n o t e s at e n d o f ta b le ,




-

“

“

_

.

.

_

-

-

-

-

9
9
-

-

-

9

8
8

-

-

9

4

17

-

-

-

9
9

4
4

17
17

-

-

-

-

■

12

4

-

3

9

9
77

2

71

-

~

-

55

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
13

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

90
90
90

_

-

89
7
82
82

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

-

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

2
2
2

3
3

7
7

-

-

_

7
6
1

10
10

1
1
-

-

"

"

97
18
79
61

147
17
130
80

112
89
23
3
20

254
160
94
70

110
2
69

21
4
17
10

84

13
13
13

1
1
1

20
20
20

5
79
58

9

3

_

_
-

-

4
3
2

9
8
-

13
513
3

11
5
6

24
24

13
5
8

4
2
2

.

3

6

-

2

14
6 14

"

1

2
1
1

46
11
35
25
10

34
20
14
14

1 35
2
1 33
128
5

392
392
328

99
-

4

9

1
1
1

24
24

_
-

2

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
'

2
-

-

3
3

99
81

■

9

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is i o n , M ia m i, F la . , D e c e m b e r I9 6 0 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

0. 70

under
. 80

$
0. 80

$
0. 90

$
1 .0 0

$
1. 10

$
1. 20

$
1. 30

$
1 .4 0

$
1. 50

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1. 80

$
1 .9 0

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

$
2 .4 0

$
2. 50

.9 0

1. 00

1. 10

1. 20

1. 30

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

2. 60

77
------5 0 "
27

128
22
106

11
11
-

58
8
50

41
1
40

16
16
-

41
41
2

8
8
8

14
14
14

114
114
113
1

130
130
114
4

8
8
8

3

17
17
-

160

49
49
39
1

Tru ck d rivers: 7 Continued
—
T ru ck d rivers, m edium { l 1 / z to and
including 4 tons) ___________________________
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------Public u tilities 3 ______________________
Retail trade ------------------------------------------

755
132
623
238
232

$ 1 .9 3
1. 52
2. 02
2. 49
1 .7 0

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

4

4

28

13

76

"

50

20

-

10
10
9
1

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4
tons, tra iler type) ------- ----------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------Public u tilities 3 --------------------------------Retail trade ___________________________

47 5
77
398
167
156

2. 22
1 .8 3
2. 29
2. 57
1 .9 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19
5
14
6

35
20
15
11

16
5
11
5

3
2
1
1

11
9
2
2

8
1
7
7

82
14
68
68

T ru ck ers, power (forklift) -----------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------Retail trade -----------------------------------------------

201
82
119
92

1. 56
1 .4 8
1.6 1
1 .6 2

_

-

.

-

3

-

-

-

3
3

4
4
-

-

-

26
20
6
4

-

-

62
13
49
43

-

-

35
15
20
12

10

-

13
1
12
6

-

-

20
18
2
2

-

-

6
6
-

"

-

10
8

Watchmen -----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------

116
98

1. 29
1. 28

_

5
5

23
23

2
2

12
12

7
4

20
9

_

8
8

6
6

17
17

_

10
6

_

6
6

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

D a ta li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 3 a t $ 0 . 5 0 t o $ 0 . 6 0 ; 11 a t $ 0 . 6 0
to
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 12 a t $ 2 . 7 0 t o $ 2 . 8 0 ; 1 a t $ 2 . 8 0 t o
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l lo w s : 7 at $ 2 . 7 0 to $ 2 .8 0 ; 3 at $ 3 . 1 0 to $
In c lu d e s a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e an d ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




a n d la te

43
51
18 ------ 5
25
45

s h ifts .

$ 0 .7 0 .
$ 2 .9 0 .
3 .2 0 ; 3 at $ 3 .3 0

to

$ 3 .4 0 ;

1 at $ 3 .7 0

to

$ 3 .8 0 .

49
49

3
1
2

-

19
19
15
4

15
15
14

_
-

5
5
-

2
2

_

_

_

_

49
-

-

-

160
112
-

tv"
o
o

$
Average
hourly 2 Under 0. 70
earnings
and
$

$
2. 70

tv (
-0
o

Occupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

and
over

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

_

_




11

Appendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes in applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and in voices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work inciden­
tal to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine,
are cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller , machine (billing machine)— U ses a specia l billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry o f necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of car Don cop ies
of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
Biller , machine (bookkeeping machine)— Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger
record. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a num­
ber of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.




Class A — Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting s y s t e m used. Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to
be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated re­
ports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B— Keeps a record of one or more phases or section s
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic
bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, pay­
roll, customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing
described under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense d is­
tribution, inventory control, etc. May check or a ss is t in prep­
aration o f trial balances and prepare control sheets for the a c­
counting department.

CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A — Under general direction of a bookkeeper or a c­
countant, has responsibility for keeping one or more section s of a
complete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an e s ­
tablishment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and

12

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — Continued

balanciag subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receiv­
able or accounts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouch­
ers with proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and ex­
perience in making proper assignations and allocations. May
a ssist in preparing, adjusting, and closin g journal entries; may
direct cla ss B accounting clerks.
C la s s B —-Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers. This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in o ffice s in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

C LER K , PA YR O LL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and distrib­
uting pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
CO M PTO M ETER O P ER A T O R

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance o f other duties.
D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM EO GRAPH O R D IT T O )

C LER K , F IL E
C la s s A —

R esponsible for maintaining an established filing
system. C lassifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the file s. May perform incidental clerica l duties.
C la s s B — Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been cla ssified , or locates or a ssists in locating ma­
terial in the file s. May perform incidental clerica l duties.

C L E R K , O RD ER

R eceives customers* orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally. Duties involve an y com bin ation o f th e
fo llo w in g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled. May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt o f orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled , keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders*




Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sib ilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjust­
ments such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is
not required to prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file o f used
stencils or Ditto masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed
material*

K EYPU N CH O PERA TO R

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a sp ecified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine. May keep files of punch
cards. May verify own work or work of others.

O F F I C E B O Y O R G IR L

Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

13

SECRETA RY

SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T

Performs secretarial and clerica l duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and
making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidental
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or therecorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May pre­
pare special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may
type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's
while at switchboard.

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

STEN O G RAPH ER, G E N E R A L

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May a lso set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc. D oes not include transcribing
machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

posi­
also
This
time

O PERA TO R

Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
S T E N O G R A P H E R , T E C H N IC A L

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scien tific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May a lso set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc. D oes not include transcribing -

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type
from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing
dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such
as legal briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A
worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar
machine is cla ssified as a stenographer, general.

machine work.

SW ITC H B O A RD O P E R A T O R
T Y P IS T

Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
ca lls. May record toll calls and take m essages. May give information to
persons who ca ll in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.




Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keeping
simple records, filing records and reports or sorting and distributing
incoming mail.

14

T Y P IS T — Continued

T Y P IS T — Continued

C lass A — Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing ma­
terial in final form from very rough and involved draft; copying
from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent and varied
use of technical and unusual words or from foreign-language copy;
combining material from several sources, or planning layout of
complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance

in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in final form. May type
routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.
C lass B — Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing from
relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance
p o licie s, e tc., setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PR O F E SSIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts o f drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LE A D E R

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination o f the follow in g: Interpretingblueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR

Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
p oses. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cr o s s-s e ctio n s , e tc., to scale by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those
involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;




DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

writing specification s; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specifications^ May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED )

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

TRACER

Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

15

MAINTENANCE

D PO W E R PL A N T

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

FIR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T EN A N C E

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician 's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y

Operates and maintains and may a lso supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or c h ie f engineers in establishm ents
employing more than one engineer are excluded .




H E L P E R , T R A D E S , M A IN T E N A N C E

A ssists one oi more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp e cific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are a lso performed by workers on a full-time basis.
M A C H IN E-T O O L O P E R A T O R , TO O LR O O M

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification .
M A CH IN IST, M A IN T E N A N C E

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chin ist's handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

16

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves m ost o f the follow ing: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow ing: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble: disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specification s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tion are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




OILE R

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PA IN TE R , MAINTENANCE

Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in volves the follow in g: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
sirfa ce for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or con sistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specification s; cutting various size s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating sy ste m s are exclu ded .

17

T O O L AND D IE M A K ER

P L U M B E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K ER , M A IN T E N A N C E

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m ost o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specification s; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves'm ost o f the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross ^industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

C U S T O D IA L AND M A T E R IA L M O V EM EN T
E L E V A T O R O P ER A TO R , PA SSEN GER

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures;polish ­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering .

JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office , apartment house, or commercial




L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow ­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

18

LA B O R E R , M ATERIAL HANDLING— Continued

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen , who load and unload sh ips are excluded •

ORDER F IL L E R

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slip s, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C L E R K — Continued

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:
R eceiv in g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

TR U CK D RIVER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such a s: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers9 houses or places o f business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D river-salesm en and over-the-road drivers
are excluded .

PA C K E R , SHIPPING

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e, and number o f units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may in volve one or more o f
the follow ing: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size o f container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden
boxes or crates are excluded .

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLE R K

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work in v o lv es: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. R eceivin g work in v o lv e s: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness o f shipments against
bills of lading, in v oices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and file s .




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f s i z e s liste d separately)
Truckdriver, light (under l l 2 ton s)
/
Truckdriver, medium ( l l to and including 4 ton s)
A
Truckdriver , heavy (over 4 tons , trailer typ e)
Truckdriver , h eavy (over 4 tons , other than trailer typ e)

TRU CK ER, POWER

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type of
truck, a s follow s:
Trucker , power (forklift)
Trucker , power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆

U .S .

G O VERN M EN T

P R IN T IN G

O F F IC E :

1961

O

-

586546







Occupational Wage Surveys

Occupational wage surveys will be conducted in the 82 major labor markets listed below during late I960 and early 1961. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C., or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the
inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for 80 labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1962.
Akron, Ohio— Bull. 1285Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y.— Bull. 1285Albuquerque, N. Mex.— Bull. 1285Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton,
Pa.-N.J.— Bull. 1285Atlanta, Ga.— Bull. 1285Baltimore, Md.— Bull. 1285-34
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, Tex.— Bull. 1285Birmingham, Ala.— Bull. 1285"
Boise, Idaho— Bull. 1285**Boston, Mass.— Bull. 1285-15
Buffalo, N.Y.— Bull. 1285-31
Burlington, Vt.— Bull. 1285Canton, Ohio— Bull. 1285-29
Charleston, W Va.— Bull. 1285.
Charlotte, N.C.— Bull. 1285♦♦Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga.— Bull. 1285-14
Chicago, 111.— Bull. 1285Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.— Bull. 1285♦♦Cleveland, Ohio— Bull. 1285-11
Columbus, Ohio— Bull. 1285-38
♦♦Dallas, Tex.— Bull. 1285-21
* * Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.—
Bull. 1285-16
Dayton, Ohio— Bull. 1285-41
Denver, Colo.— Bull. 1285*27
Des Moines, Iowa— Bull. 1285Detroit, Mich.— Bull. 1285-37
♦♦Fort Worth, Tex.— Bull. 1285-23

♦Green Bay, Wis.— Bull. 1285-2
Greenville, S.C.— Bull. 1285Houston, Tex.— Bull. 1285Indianapolis, Ind.— Bull. 1285-28
Jackson, Miss.— Bull. 1285Jacksonville, Fla.— Bull. 1285-30
^Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans.— Bull. 1285-18
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H.— Bull. 1285♦ ♦Little Rock-North Little Rock, Ark----Bull. 1285-6
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif.— Bull. 1285Louisville, Ky.—
Ind.— Bull. 1285*
Lubbock, Tex.— Bull. 1285*Manchester, N.H.—-Bull. 1285-1
Memphis, Tenn.— Bull. 1285-35
Miami, Fla.— Bull. 1285-33
Milwaukee, Wis.— Bull. 1285Minneapolis— Paul, Minn.— Bull. 1285-39
St.
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich.— Bull. 1285Newark and Jersey City, N.J.— Bull. 1285-40
New Haven, Conn.— Bull. 1285New Orleans, La.— Bull. 1285New York, N.Y.— Bull. 1285Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va.— Bull. 1285♦♦ Oklahoma City, Okla.— Bull. 1285*3
♦ ♦Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa— Bull. 1285*13
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J.— Bull. 1285* * Philadelphia, Pa.— Bull. 1285-24
Phoenix, Ariz.— Bull. 1285-

Pittsburgh, Pa.— Bull. 1285♦ Portland, Maine— Bull. 1285-19
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash.— Bull. 1285Providence—
Pawtucket, R.I.—
Mass.— Bull. 1285♦♦Raleigh, N.C.— Bull. 1285-5
Richmond, Va.— Bull. 1285-26
Rockford, 111.— Bull. 1285♦♦St. Louis, Mo.-Ill.— Bull. 1285-10
Salt Lake City, Utah— Bull. 1285*32
San Antonio, Tex.— Bull. 1285♦ San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario,
Calif.— Bull. 1285-4
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif.— Bull. 1285-36
Savannah, Ga.— Bull. 1285**Scranton, Pa.— Bull. 1285-8
**Seattle, Wash.— Bull. 1285-7
♦♦♦Sioux Falls, S. Dak.— Bull. 1285-17
South Bend, Ind.— Bull. 1285Spokane, Wash.— Bull. 1285Toledo, Ohio— Bull. 1285Trenton, N.J.— Bull. 1285-25
* * Washington, D.C.-Md.-Va_ Bull. 1285-22
_
Waterbury, Conn.— Bull. 1285♦ Waterloo, Iowa— Bull. 1285-20
♦ ♦Wichita, Kans.— Bull. 1285-9
* * Wilmington, Del.—
N.J.— Bull. 1285*12
Worcester, Mass.— Bull. 1285York, Pa.— Bull. 1285-

An asterisk preceding a labor market indicates the availability and
price of the bulletin.
Please do not order copies in advance.

*
**
***




Price, 20 cents.
Price, 25 cents*
Price, 15 cents*





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102