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O c c u p a tio n a l Wage S u r v e y
DAYTON, OHIO
DECEMBER 1959

Bulletin No. 1265-9




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Ja m e s P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagua, Comamsionar




Occupational Wage Survey




DAYTON, OHIO
DECEMBER 1959

B u lle tin No. 1265-9
February I960

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
B R A O LA O S A IS IC
U E U F B R TT T S
Ew Clague, C m issio e
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Contents

Preface

Page
The Community Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers. The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits. A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the m
onth following
the payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional
data not included in the earlier report. A consolidated
analytical bulletin summarizing the results of all of the
year *s surveys is issued after completion of the final area
bulletin for the current round of surveys.
This report was prepared in the Bureau’s regional
office in Chicago, 1 1 , by Woodrow C. Linn, under the
1.
direction of George E. Votava, Regional Wage and Industrial
Relations Analyst.




Introduction —

— ____________ ____ _____________ ________ ___ —^—

1

Tables:
1 Establishments and workers within scope of survey__________ 2
.
A: Occupational earnings:*
A -1. Office occupations__ _____________________
A-2 . Professional and technical occupations_____
A -3. Maintenance and power plant occupations ____
A-4. Custodial and material movement occupations
B: Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions:*
B -l. Shift differentials__________________________
8
B-2 . Minimum entrance salaries for women office
workers ________________________________________________9
B-3. Scheduled weekly hours________
9
B-4. Paid holidays_____ ______________ __________________ 1
0
B-5. Paid vacations_____________________________
1
1
B-6 . Health, insurance,and pension plans__ _____________
1
3
Appendix: Occupational descriptions__________ ___________________1
5

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for most of these items are
available in the Dayton area report for June 1951, as well
as in similar reports for other major areas. A directory,
indicating date of study and the price of the reports, is
available upon request.
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the Dayton area, are also available for the following trades
or industries: Building cpnstruction, printing, local-transit
operating employees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

iii




Occupational Wage Survey—Dayton, Ohio
Introduction

This area is one of several important industrial centers in
which the U. S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics has
conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an areawide basis. In this area, data were obtained by personal
visits of Bureau field economists to representative establishments
within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation,1
communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major in­
dustry groups excluded from these studies are government operations
and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments having
fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because
they furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to war­
rant inclusion. Wherever possible, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data are
presented (in the A-series tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e ., those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and

1 Railroads, formerly excluded from the scope of these studies,
have been added in nearly all of the areas to be studied during the
winter of 1959-60; railroads will be added in the remaining areas next
year. For scope of survey in this area, see footnote to "transporta­
tion, communication, and other public utilities" in table 1.




late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Average earnings of men and women are presented separately
for selected occupations in which both sexes are commonly employed.
Differences in pay levels of men and women in these occupations are
largely due to (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes aiiiong
industries and establishments; (2) differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the occupations are appropriately classified within
the same survey job description; and (3) differences in length of serv­
ice or merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis.
Longer average service of men would result in higher average ,pay
when both sexes are employed within the same rate range. Job
descriptions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usu­
ally more generalized than those used in individual establishments to
allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties
performed.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve orily to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn*
ings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented also (in the B-series tables) on se­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they re­
late to office and plant workers. The term "office workers, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory
workers performing clerical or related functions, and excludes admin­
istrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant workers" in­
clude working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. Administrative,
executive, and professional employees, and force-account construction
employees who are utilized as a separate work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufacturing indus­
tries; but are included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing industries.

2




TA BLE 1.

E s ta b lish m e n ts and w o rk ers w ith in sco p e of su r v ey and num ber stud ied in D ayton, O hio, 1 by m ajor in d u stry d iv is io n , 2 D ecem b er 1959

A ll d i v i s i o n s

_____

_____ __ _____

N u m b e r o f -e s ta b lis h m e n ts

M in i m u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s ta b l is h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

I n d u s tr y d iv is io n

__ ______

M a n u f a c t u r i n g __
_ _
_____ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
______ _
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o th e r
_____ ___ ___ __
___ ___
p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________________________
R e ta il tr a d e
__ _ _____ „
_____ __ ____ __
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e _____________
S e r v ic e s 7
_ _
_____________ _______
_____

W ith in
sco p e of
s tu d y 3

Sf 11H1
o iu a ic Q
T o ta l4

O f f ic e

P la n t

T o ta l4

51

360

102

1 2 1 ,8 0 0

1 6 ,6 0 0

8 8 ,5 0 0

8 8 ,3 8 0

51
51

1 92
168

56
46

9 2 ,2 0 0
2 9 ,6 0 0

1 0 ,8 0 0
5 ,8 0 0

6 9 ,5 0 0
1 9 ,0 0 0

7 0 ,1 2 0
1 8 ,2 6 0

51
51
51
51
51

24
26
76
16
26

10
5
18
5
8

6 ,9 0 0
2 ,7 0 0
1 4 ,5 0 0
2 ,1 0 0
3 ,4 0 0

1 ,6 0 0

W o rk e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y

O

Ij)
(M
(M

S tu d ie d

4 ,3 0 0
1 ?)
(M
(M
(6)

5 ,7 5 0
550
9 ,2 6 0
1 ,0 3 0
1 ,6 7 0

1 The D ayton M etrop olitan A rea (G reen e, M on tgom ery, and M iam i C o u n tie s).
The " w o rk ers w ith in sco p e of study" e s t im a t e s shown in th is tab le p rovide a re a so n a b ly
a cc u r a te d e s c r ip tio n of the s iz e and co m p o sitio n of the lab or fo rce in clu d ed in the su r v ey .
The e s tim a te s a r e not in ten d ed , h o w e v er, to s e r v e a s a b a sis of co m p a riso n
w ith oth er a re a em p loym ent in d ex es to m e a su r e em p loym en t tren d s or le v e ls sin ce ( l ) planning of w a g e su r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se of e sta b lish m e n t data co m p iled co n sid era b ly
in ad vance of the pay p eriod stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll es ta b lis h m e n ts a r e ex clu d ed fro m the sco p e of the su r v ey .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed ition of the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as u se d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
M ajor ch a n g es fro m the e a r lie r
ed ition (u sed in the B u rea u 's labor m a rk et w age su rv ey program p rio r to the w in ter o f 1 9 5 8 - 5 9 ) a r e the tr a n sfe r of m ilk p a ste u r iza tio n plants and re a d y -m ix ed c o n cr ete
e s ta b lis h m e n ts from trad e (w h o le sa le or r e ta il) to m a n ufacturin g, and the tr a n sfe r of ra d io and t e le v is io n b ro a d ca stin g fro m s e r v ic e s to the tra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n ,
and other public u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 Inclu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p lo y m en t at or above the m in im u m - s iz e lim ita tio n .
A ll o u tlets (w ithin the a r e a ) of co m p a n ies in such in d u str ie s a s tra d e,
fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n -p ictu re th e a te r s a re c o n s id e r e d a s 1 esta b lish m en t.
4 Inclu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and other w o r k e r s ex clu d ed fro m the s ep a ra te o ffic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 R a ilr o a d s w e r e included; ta x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w a ter tra n sp o r ta tio n w e r e ex clu d ed .
6 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e se n te d in e s tim a te s for " a ll in d u str ie s " and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e r ie s A and B ta b le s , although c o v e r a g e w a s in su ffic ie n t to
ju stify s ep a ra te p resen ta tio n of data.
7 H otels; p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e ss s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile re p a ir shops; m o tio n p ictu res; n onp rofit m em b ersh ip o rg a n iza tio n s; and en g in ee rin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v i c e s .

3
S h ift d iff e r e n t ia l d a ta (ta b le B - l ) a r e l im it e d to m a n u fa c tu r in g
in d u s t r ie s . T h is in fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n te d both in t e r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o lic y , 2 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f to ta l p la n t w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m e n t, and (b) e f f e c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d on the b a s i s o f w o r k e r s
a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d s h ift at the tim e o f the s u r v e y .
In e s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r ie d d if f e r e n t ia ls , the a m o u n t ap p ly in g to
a m a jo r it y w a s u s e d o r , i f no a m o u n t a p p lie d to a m a j o r i t y , the c l a s ­
s if ic a t io n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d .
In e s t a b li s h m e n t s in w h ich s o m e l a t e s h ift h o u rs a r e p aid at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n tia l w a s r e c o r d e d o n ly
i f it a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y o f the s h ift h o u r s .

M in im u m e n tr a n c e r a te s (tab le B - 2 ) r e la t e o n ly to the e s t a b ­
l is h m e n t s v i s i t e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n te d on an e s t a b li s h m e n t , r a th e r
than on an e m p lo y m e n t b a s i s .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p aid v a c a t io n s ; and
h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a re tr e a te d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on the
b a s i s th a t th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a ­
j o r i t y o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e e li g ib le o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r the
p r a c t ic e s l i s t e d . S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e tr e a te d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on the b a s is
th at th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r i t y
a r e c o v e r e d .3 B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g , s u m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s in th e se
ta b u la tio n s m a y n ot e q u a l t o t a ls .

T h e f i r s t p a r t o f the p aid h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s the n u m ­
b e r o f w h ole and h a lf h o lid a y s a c tu a lly p r o v id e d .
The se con d p art
c o m b in e s w h ole and h a lf h o lid a y s to sh o w to ta l h o lid a y t i m e .

D a ta a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
p la n s f o r w hich at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r ,
e x c e p tin g o n ly l e g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts su ch a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n
and s o c ia l s e c u r i t y . S u ch p la n s in clu d e th o se u n d e r w r itte n b y a c o m ­
m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y and th o se p r o v id e d th rou g h a u n ion fund o r
paid d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r ou t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a tin g fu n ds o r f r o m
a fund s e t a s id e f o r th is p u r p o s e .
D e a th b e n e fit s a r e in c lu d e d as a
f o r m o f life i n s u r a n c e .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is lim it e d to that type o f in ­
s u r a n c e u n d er w h ich p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in s u r e d on a w e e k ly o r m o n th ly b a s i s d u rin g i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b i lit y .
In fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll su ch p la n s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t e s .
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h ich
have e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d is a b i lit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s ,4 p la n s a re in c lu d e d o n ly i f the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
tr ib u t e s m o r e than i s l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fit s w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s
o f p aid s i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 5 w h ich p ro v id e
fu ll p ay o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's p ay d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
beca u se of illn e s s .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
(1) p la n s w h ich p ro v id e fu ll pay and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2) p la n s
p r o v id in g e ith e r p a r tia l pay o r a w a itin g p e r io d .
In a d d itio n to the
p r e s e n ta t io n o f the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r paid s ic k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a te d to ta l is
show n o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e iv e e ith e r o r b o th ty p e s o f b e n e f i t s .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a tio n p la n s is l im it e d to f o r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n t s , e x c lu d in g in f o r m a l p la n s w h e r e b y tim e o f f w ith p ay is g r a n te d
at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S e p a r a te e s t i m a t e s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c tic e in c o m p u tin g v a c a tio n p a y m e n t s , su ch
a s tim e p a y m e n t s , p e r c e n t o f an n u al e a r n in g s , o r f l a t - s u m a m o u n ts .
H o w e v e r , in the ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s , p a y m e n ts n o t on
a tim e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
an n u al e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s the e q u iv a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y .

C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to a s , e x te n d e d
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o se p la n s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d i c a l , and s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le te o r p a r tia l
p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . S u ch p la n s m a y b e u n d e r w r itte n b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th e y m a y be
s e lf-in s u r e d .
T a b u la tio n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim it e d to
th o se p la n s th a t p r o v id e m o n th ly p a y m e n ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's l i f e .

2 A n e s t a b li s h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h a v in g a p o lic y if it m e t
e ith e r o f the fo llo w in g c o n d itio n s : (1 ) O p e r a te d la te s h ifts at the tim e
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2 ) h ad f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h i f t s .
3 S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s ( f i r s t s e c t io n o f
ta b le B - 3 ) in s u r v e y s m a d e p r io r to la te 1 9 5 7 and e a r ly 1 9 5 8 w e r e
p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s e m ­
p lo y e d in o f f i c e s w ith the in d ic a te d w e e k ly h o u r s f o r w o m e n w o r k e r s .

4 T he te m p o r a r y d is a b i lit y la w s in C a lif o r n ia and R h od e I s la n d
do n o t r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s .
5 A n e s t a b li s h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h a v in g a f o r m a l p la n i f
i t e s t a b li s h e d at l e a s t the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s o f s i c k le a v e th a t
c o u ld be e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . S u ch a p la n n e e d n o t b e w r it t e n ,
bu t in fo rm e d s i c k - l e a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e t e r m in e d o n an in d iv id u a l b a s i s ,
w e r e e x c lu d e d .




A*

4

O c c u p a t io n a l E a r n in g s

Table A-l. Office Occupations
(A v e r a g e s tr a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y i n d u s t r y d i v is io n , D a y to n , O h io , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Average
S e x , o c c u p a tio n , a n d i n d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$
Weekly j
Weekly , 4 0 . 0 0
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard) u a n d r
nde
4 5 .0 0

$
4 5 . 00

$
5 0 .0 0

$
55. 00

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

$
85. 00

5 0 . 00

5 5 . 00

60. 00

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0. 00

8 5 . 00

9 0. 00

$
9 0 . 00

$
9 5 .0 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 00 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0
a nd
9 5 . 00 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 . 00 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0
over

M en
C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A ----------------------------------------M a n u f a c tu r i n g _______________________________________

1 27
92

40. 0
40. 0

$ 1 0 9 .0 0
1 10 . 00

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

1
1

_
-

4
4

2
2

13
9

6
6

17
6

18
13

22
16

25
17

9
8

10
10
-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B -----------------------------------------

26

41. 0

8 1 . 50

-

-

-

-

5

3

2

-

-

5

7

3

1

-

-

-

-

C l e r k s , o r d e r ------------------------------------- -----------— ................
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________________

112
40

40. 5
4 1 .0

85. 00
9 5 . 50

_

1
1

_

1
1

4
-

12
-

10
2

11
7

24

20
-

7
7

_

1
1

9
9

2
2

_

_

-

10
10

"

-

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ________________________________________
M a n u f a c tu r i n g _______________________________________

45
45

4 1 .0
4 1 .0

9 7 . 50
9 7 . 50

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

"

4
4

4
4

4
4

6
6

8
8

9
9

1
1

-

-

"

"

O ffic e bo y s _____________________________________________
M a n u f a c tu r i n g -----------------------------------------------------------

48
27

4 1 .0
41. 0

5 7 . 50
58. 00

_

_

T a b u la tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A ----------------------

42

40. 0

T a b u la tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ______________
M a n u f a c tu r i n g _______________________________________

41
-------

T a b u la tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C ______________

-

-

-

6
3

3
-

4
1

14
11

15
10

.
-

3
2

3
-

_

_

_

_

-

_
"

_

'

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 16 . 50

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

2

-

2

1

4

8

8

*13

39. 5
39. 5

9 9 . 50
1 0 0 .5 0

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

3
3

4
4

4
3

2
2

5
2

6
6

12
12

1
1

_

"

1
-

_

"

-

44

40. 0

8 7 . 50

_

_

_

_

7

1

1

.

6

6

6

8

7

2

-

.

_

_

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b i l li n g m a c h in e ) ___________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________ 1--------------------------

83
47
36

40. 0
39. 5
40. 0

66. 00
“ ■ 59700"
6 1 . 50

_
-

_
-

10
10
-

15
15

15
12
3

21
3
18

2
2

9
9
■

6
6
■

4
4
"

1
1
“

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
~

_
"

_

_
“

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) _____________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________

40
35

40. 0
40. 0

5 9 . 50
5 6 . 50

_
-

3
3

14
14

12
12

2
1

1
1

3
3

1
"

-

1
1

3
-

-

-

“

-

-

-

"

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A ____________
M a n u f a c tu r i n g _______________________________________

58
42

40. 5
40. 5

8 2 . 50
82. 00

_

_

-

-

-

3
3

1
1

3
3

7
7

13
7

4
2

10
3

6
5

9
9

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B _________ _
M a n u fa c tu r in g _ _______________________________ ____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------------- ------- _

270
133
1 37

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

7 1 .0 0
867'Od"
6 2 .0 0

_
-

8
5
3

30
4
26

25
2
23

47
13
34

45
7
38

13
10
3

11
10
1

23
15
8

24
23
1

35
35
■

8
8
~

1
1
~

“

-

~

“

“

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A _____________________
M a n u f a c tu r i n g _________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________

149
101
48

40. 0
39. 5
40. 5

8 0 . 50
■ 81.00
8 0 .0 0

"

_
-

_
-

3
3

8
------7
1

22
17
5

24
21
3

32
------4
28

3
1
2

5
2
3

8
8

5
5
“

1
1
-

1
1
■

1
1
"

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B ____________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________

375
91

38. 5
40. 5

6 1 . 50
6 1 . 50

1

16

128
18

122
13

41
18

19
14

12
4

3
-

4
1

1
1

3
-

3
-

-

-

6

22
16

-

-

C l e r k s , f il e , c l a s s A __________________ — ------- —
M a n u f a c tu r i n g _______________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c tu r in g _________ ______
_________ _

94
47
47

39. 5
39. 0
40. 0

7 8 .0 0
7 1. 50
84. 50

1
1

_
-

1
-

6
------5

2
2

4
4

-

-

“

-

8
8

-

1

24
24

1
1

-

23
1 * ..
8

13
8

-

11
10
1

-

-

"

■

C l e r k s , f il e , c l a s s B __________________ ____ ____
M a n u f a c tu r i n g ___ _________________ __
----------N on m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________

175
---- 5 7
128

4 0 .0
” 4075
40. 0

34
22
...68
---- 1 ------5— —
--16
5 4 . 50
34
29

18
------5
H
15

15

4

11

16

10

2
2

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

8

12

40. 5

9

6

10
---- T

■

129
39
90

1
1

_

C l e r k s , o r d e r _______________________ ___ _____________ _
M a n u f a c tu r i n g _______ — — — — — — ------- -----N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------- ---------------------

-

-

-

-

“

W om en

41.6

40. 0

5 8 .0 0

6 1 .0 0

62. 56“
6 0 . 00

35

3
3

18

27

---- 5— ---- T
13

18

15

~

--- g--6

18
T S -

---- 8
7
21
21

16
------5“

11

-

---- 3
5

4
1

5

5
5
5

----- j3----2

10
8
------ T ~ ------ 5“
1
2

6

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

■

■

-

-

-

■

|
S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d of ta b le .




5
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earning* for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry d ivision , Dayton, Ohio, Decem ber 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Average
Number
of
workers

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Weekly
Weekly.
hours 1 earnings1
(Standard) (Standard)

4 0 .0 0
and
under
4 5 .0 0

S
$
$
$
$
4 5 . 0 0 5 0 . 0 0 5 5 . 0 0 60 . 00 6 5 . 0 0
5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 . 00

75.QO._ 8 0 . 0 0

8 5 .0 0

q o -o o

9 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

18
— n ~
7

40
38
2

26
21
5

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
9 5 .0 0 100.00 1 0 5 .0 0 110.00 1 1 5 .0 0 120.00 1 2 5 .0 0
and
10 0 , 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 11 0. 00 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 o v e r

W o m e n — C o n tin u e d
C le rk s , p a y ro ll
_ _
M a n u fa c tu r in g
._ _ ,
,
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_

___
.... ..............

____
__________

4 0 .0

238
94
1 44

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 1 .5 0
8 4 .5 0
6 3 .0 0

_
-

35
27

4 0 .0
4 o .o

6 5 .5 0
6 9 .0 6

-

174
129
45

4 0 .0 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 4 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
7 3 .5 0

_
-

27

4 0 .0

5 5 .0 0

8

621
418
203

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

88.00
"57750
8 8 .5 0

1
1

S te n o g ra p h e rs, g e n e ra l
_
M a n u fa c tu r in g _
_ _ _ _ _ _
____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
________ _____
_____
_ _

606
466
140

4 0 .0
4 o .o
4 0 .0

"9275(5“
7 3 .5 0

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s __________ _____ _ __ __
M a n u fa c tu rin g __ ____ __
__ ____ _ __ __
__
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________________________

142
56
86

4 1 .0
4 0 .0
4 1 .5

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______ __ ____ ______ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

141
97
44

_

C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
D u p lic a tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(M im e o g r a p h o r D itto ) — __ _
M a n u fa c tu r in g
__
_ ___
K eypunch o p e ra to rs
M a n u fa c tu r in g __ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

_

.

.

____ - —

_
_ _

O ffic e g i r l s _____________________________________________
S e c re ta rie s
_ __ __ _ ___________ _
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_ ____ __ _
__
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____ __ ____ __ „

__

W TT~

8

8

-

5
5
“

------ 5
3

------ 6
2

5
5

40
40

36
36

18
6
12

25
13
12

10
2

2

4
4

6
3

8

-

14
13

22

-

$ 7 7 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
7 3 .5 0

-

4 0 .5

199
— rso ~
39

1

8

13
5
5

23
l4
9

1

5

5

4

2

5

12
------ 7
5

53
' "45

------ 6 —
j

1

6
6

------2“
-

------ 2
3

14

8

12

8

10
10
-

14
11
3

22
9
13

9
-------5“

25

-

6
r~
-

3
3
-

6
6
-

6
3
3

_
_
-

_
-

2

-

_
-

12
12
"

5
5
-

_
-

—

9

9- —

9

4

4

19
13
6

19
10
9

13
13

3
3

1
1

1
1

2

2

2

13
13
-

9

26

11

6
6

3

25
21
4

15

-

_

_

4

_

_

_

_

_

18
ns

2

67
— 42
25

64
"52
12

74
44
30

40
29
11

60
47
13

84
----49

13
------ 5
5

53
24
29

56

74
43
31

47
44
3

52

40

78
---- 75— '
-

6
4
2

4
3
1

2

8
------5

8

7

_
-

_
-

8
6
2

17
5
12

31
15
13

33
24
9

6 7 .0 0
S i . 00
5 7 .0 0

3 12
12

11
11

21
21

14
------3
11

14
9
5

11
------2—

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 1 .0

6 6 .5 0
6 8 .5 0
6 1 .5 0

1
1
-

_
-

14
11
3

16
3
13

50
31
19

21
16
5

32
29

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 0 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

_

_

_

_

_
-

7
7

34

3 8 .5

7 4 .0 0

_

_

_

_

13

8

T r a n s c r ib i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------------------------

171
1 45

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 6 .0 0
6 6 .0 0

4
4

4
4

18
14

38
36

19
13

T y p i s ts , c l a s s A
__ ___________ __ ___
______
M a n u fa c tu r in g
___
__ _ ___ _ __
________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
__ ___________
_ ____ _ _

212
182
30

4 0 .0
4 6 .6
4 0 .0

8 0 .0 0
S276o“ '
6 8 .5 0

_
-

3
3

13
10
3

_________ __ ____ __ __
__ __
T y p i s ts , c l a s s B
M a n u fa c tu r in g __
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
__ __ _ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

514
354
160

3 9 .5
3^.5
4 0 .0

6 3 .5 0
6 7 .5 0
5 5 .0 0

10
6
4

45
15
30

88.00

25
— rr~

6

16

—

sr~
1

26
-

_
26
— T i­
ll

67

’ 1-7

24
—

TT~
-

-

-

_
-

.
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_
40
12
28
36
— 15
-

~

18
18
26
— 13“ — r r * — 25“
1
23
— ZT“

7
7

-

-

-

T a b u la tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s

C.

-

89
34
55

7
13
----- 5— — 9—
1
4
69
42
27

93
75
18

12
12
"

14
14
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

11
11

1
1

6
6
-

4
4
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
"

6
9
----- 9 — ------5

_

4
4

_

1
1

_

_

-

1
1

_

-

2
1

2

-

-

-

-

3

_

1

_

2

2

5

_

_

_

_

_

25
25

37
29

7

7
7

1
1

5
5

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
1
6

38

32
n —
1

25
24
1

31
3l
-

35
T5
-

1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

32
31
1

41
41

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

'

T a b u la tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s R
M a n u fa c tu r in g -----------------------------------------------------------

5

'

'

■

9

64
44
20

“

15
6 ‘
9
9
9
-

— TT~
9
49
44
5

3

1
7
----- 2—
5
22
22

7

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s tr a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s: 9 a t $ 1 2 5 to $ 1 3 0 a n d 4 a t $ 1 3 0 a n d o v e r .
3 A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t u n d e r $ 4 0 .




.

'

6

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e ra g e s tr a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y i n d u s t r y d i v is io n , D a y to n , O h io , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 )

NUMBER O W
P ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME W
EEKLY EARNINGS O
F—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

Average

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , a n d i n d u s t r y d i v is io n

$
W j W
eekly
eekly U n d e r 7 5 . 0 0
earnings1
(Standard) (Standard) $ 5 . 00 u a n d r
nde
8 0 .0 0

$
8 0. 00
"
8 5 .0 0

$

8 5 .0 0
“
9 0 .0 0

$
9 0 .0 0

9 S .0 0
*

$

$

$

$

100.00 1 0 5 .0 0 110.00 1 1 5 .0 0 120.00 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0

■
9 5 . 0 0 1 00 . 00 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 130.00 135.00 140.00 145 00 1 5 0 . 0 0 1 5 5 . 0 0

and
over

M en

Draftsmen, senior
Manufacturing

__

D r a f ts m e n , ju n io r
M a n u fa c tu r in g

_

__
_

_

40. 0

$ 1 3 8 .0 0
1 3 8 .5 0

409
"“ 3 9 3

4 0 .5
4 0 .5

126.00
126.60

250
234

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 5 . SO

81
75

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 3 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

52
50

D r a f ts m e n , l e a d e r ______________________________________
__ _ _ _ _ _ _
M a n u fa c tu r in g __ __
-

___ ___
_ _ _ _ _

4U. 0

■
-

-

16

-

"
7

"

16

2
2

"
9
9

"
4
4

2
2
16

11
6

38
31

25
24

50

14
13

8

11

10
10

5
3

6

1

16

6

15
13

27
27

23
23

11
11

1
1

7

80

20

18
1$

16

27
26

-

5
4

1

3
3

_

2
2
61

23

6
6

5

3
58
57

58

33
33
-

M a n u fa c tu r in g

_ _ __

21
21

7
7

62

45

24
24

_

9
9
_

_

_

_

_

"

"

-

-

~ T2 —

_ _

6

16

6

9
8

11

7

1

_
_

_

8
8

2
2
21
21

_

_

-

■

'

W o m en

N urses, industrial (registered)

_

7
7

"

-

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e ra g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , D a y tb n , O h io , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 )
NUMBER OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of

Average $
hourly
earnings1 1. n 80
a d
under
1. 90

$
1. 9 0

$
2 . 00

$
2 . 10

$
2. 20

2. 00

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2. 30

-

15
12

26
24

182
158

162
162

15
15

10
10

3
-

10
10

3
3

4
4

6
6

62
49

16
16

*

4

4

21
21

6
4

29
28

20
20

16
15

7
4
3
3
-

4
4

11
11

5
5
8
7

4
4

84
26

3
3
9
9

3
3

19
6

6
2
2

19
19
36
24

-

5
-

1 80
180

36
36

2
2

269
263

3 .0 7
3 . 07

81

4
4
-

35
26
9
9

4
4
-

3
3
-

-

-

6
6
12

46
42
1
1

20
20
12
7
"
36
36

-

22

22
22

39
39

5
5
1
-

14
14

4

1
1

10
10

7
7

59

17
17
82
82

22
12
10
8

10
10

4

19
19

40
38

43
43

1
1
12
12
-

2
2
-

2
2
_

12
12
-

5

4

8
8

6
6

3

P a i n t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e _________________________
.......
M a n u fa c tu r in g

103
93

2 . 85
2 .8 8

P l u m b e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e _______________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------- ---------------------------

27

27

2 .8 2
2 .8 2

21
1
-

T o o l a n d d ie m a k e r s ______________________ _____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______ ______________________

963
963

3 .3 2
3 .3 2

_

_

_

_

_

-

■

-

“

-

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r tim e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
2 A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t u n d e r $ 1. 8 0.
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .




12
12

8
8

9
8
1
1

11
11

_

_

-

"

12

28
28

-

4

59

_

$
3. 50
and

3 .5 0

30
30

-

M a c h in is ts , m a in te n a n c e
. ....
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________

9
9
4
4
4

3 .4 0

13
13

"

2 .2 4
2 .2 9

3. 30

_
1
1

-

151
76

2
2

3 .2 0
49
49

1
1

H e l p e r s , t r a d e s , m a i n t e n a n c e _________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________

23
"
-

3 . 10

$3 .* G

65
65

2
2

2 .5 3
2 .5 2

$
3 .3 0

7
7

2
2

89
80

$3 . 2 0

3 . 00

2 .3 9
2 .3 9

F i r e m e n , s ta t io n a r y b o i l e r ____________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________

$3 . 10

7
7

126
123

8
8

3 . 00

2 . 90

O i l e r s ___________________________________ _____
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________

2 .9 1
2 . 90

$

_
-

5
5

156
128

2. 90

18
15

2 .9 7
2 . 96

E n g i n e e r s , s t a t i o n a r y __________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________

$

2 . 70

40
37

1
1

2 . 80

13
13

221
1 90

3 . 02
3 .0 2

2 . 80

$

2 .6 0

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________

477
448

2 .4 0

* 2 .7 0

2
-

2 .6 4
2 .7 7
2 . 36
2 . 35

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e _____________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________

_
-

2 .6 0

2 . 50

121

1
1

$

_
-

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e (m a i n t e n a n c e )________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 __________________________

$ 2 .9 8
2 .9 7

$
2. 50

_
5
5

15
15

169
157

$
2 .4 0

2. 30

_
-

_
12
12
12
"

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in te n a n c e ______________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________

$

over

.

-

8
-------8—
-

-

45
45
-

518
518

241
241

7
-

7

T a b le A -4 . C u sto d ia l a n d

M a te r ia l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a tio n s

(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earn in gs for ^elected occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis
by industry division , Dayton, Ohio, D ecem ber 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation 1 and industry division

Num
ber
of
workers

Elevator op erators, p assenger (women) -----91
Nonmanufacturing __ _____________ ____ — ----- T T ~
496
Guards _ _______________________ _ _ _ __ 1 .4 1 3
_____ _ __ _
1 ,0 9 9
Manufacturing
314
Nonmanufacturing _ _
_ __ _
Janitors, p orters, and clean ers (w o m en )_____
Manufacturing
_ ___
_ __ __ __ --Nonmanufacturing
_
_ __
L ab orers, m aterial handling
_
__ ___
Manufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ __
Nonmanufacturing _
__ _
Public u t ilitie s 4
_ __ _
_ _ __
Order fille r s
_
~
__
Manufacturing
_____
__ __ _____
Nonmanufacturing
_
_
_ _____
P ack ers, shipping (men) _____________________
Manufacturing _____
__ __ __ __ ____
Nonmanufacturing
__ __ _ _ _________
P ack ers, shipping (women)
_ ___ _______
R eceiving clerk s _____________________________
Manufacturing _____ _ _
______
N on m an u factu rin g_________________________
Shipping clerk s
_
Manufacturing ......
......
....
Shipping and receiving clerk s
--- .
Truckdriver s 6 _ _ _ _ _
_ ____ __
Manufacturing
_ _
Nonmanufacturing
_______
Public u t ilitie s 4 ____________________ ___
Truckdrivers, light (under lVa t o n s ) _______
Manufacturing
_ ________
Nonmanufacturing
- ,—
Truckdrivers, m edium (lVa to and
including 4 tons)
Manufacturing ____________ _______________
Nonmanufacturing
T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than trailer type)
T ru ck ers, power (other than fo r k lift)_________
Manufacturing
_ _____
__ __
Watchmen
.......
__ __
Manufacturing
__ _ _
_
__ __ __
1
a
3
4
5
6
7
8

169
107
62
1 ,0 8 7
8 TI
246
49
393
103
290
576
4 ^7
79
75
121

43
78
78
6o
305
932
561
551
330
118
i

0

Average
hourly . Under
earnings $
1 . 00
$ 1 .0 5
C o i

2 .4 2
1 .9 4
2 .0 6
1 .5 3
1 .7 5
o r
1.3 1
2 . 11
2 .1 7
1 .9 1
2 .4 4
2 .0 7
2 .1 4
2 .0 4
2 .1 7
2 .2 3
1.8 1
1 .6 5
2 .0 7
2 .3 3
1 .9 2
2 .3 5
2 .3 6
2 .2 7
2 .3 9
2 .3 1
2 .4 5
2 .5 9
2 .0 8
2 .1 3

48

2.01

131
58
73

2 . 18
2 . 19

113
124

2.22

iU

1 .1 1

58
53

2 .1 9

2 .0 9

1 .7 0
1.66

$

$

1.00

and
under
1.10

1.10

$
1.20

1.20

1 .3 0
6
6

-

_

13
13
-

17

10

20

87

9

10

3 52
i t

17
3
3
_
_
"
_
_
-

6
6

-

-

10

11

77

11

18
18
3
3
_
-

2
2

-

11

19
19
_
3
3

1

1

33
9
24
2

-

2

18
_
18
_
_
-

1 .3 0

$

1 .4 0

$

1 .5 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

.

.
-

9
$
7

-

12

5
5
3
3
3
3

_
3
5
5
5
5

3
87
64
23
5
4

_

-

-

12

13

14
14

27
2

6

25
33

79
37
32
5

2
11

60
f>8

1
16

26
19
7

11
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
"

_
-

_
3
5

-

_
-

2
6
--- 2 --- ---- 5—

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

_

_

_

4
96
94

5
5
27
109

65

-

211

22

12
16
16

1

306
304

2

3
-

150
61

11
11

106

49
4$

19
19
-

94
60
34
43
$
34

100

106

"
89
65
4
14

101

67
14
27
1$

10

8

4

2

1
1

44
56
18
78
35
43

i

-

10

1

11

*

28

4
-

7
9
5

1

12

60

15
1$
7

28

13
67

12
16

45

2
20
2o

'
-

1

-

■

41
9
7

-

2

-

1

2
2

12

1

-

3

18

36
9

21
21

----

4

15

2

22

-

1
-

8
8

_
10
10

84

i

■

17
y
14
3

8
1

9
5

22

1
11
11

-

_

476
475

15

-

_
4
----- 2—

2.20

-

1

"

2 .3 0

9

16

4

2.20

6

-

16
12

2.10

16

6

-

2.10

2.00

$

$

$

_

11

-

2.00

11

6

it
4

$

1

11

-

1 .9 0

1

4
5
5
7

4
4
_
-

$

19
19
_

16

15
_

2

_
_
-

12
12

_

_

2

39
31

6

1 .9 0

8

13

12

1 .8 0

9
67
60
7
85

18

-

1 .8 0

$

14

11
10
1

12

1 .7 0

2

22
6
16

4
4

1 .7 0

$

109
90
19

49
23
26

11
2

1.60

6

32
32

18
-

$

60
55
5
17
5

34
7
27
7
4
3

2

Data lim ited to men w ork ers except where otherw ise indicated.
E xclu d es prem ium pay for overtim e and for w ork on w eekends, ho liday s, and late sh ifts.
W orkers w ere d istribu ted a s follow s: 12 at $ 0 .7 0 to $ 0 .8 0 and 40 at $ 0 .8 0 to $ 0 .9 0 .
T ran sp ortation , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
W orkers w ere d istribu ted a s follow s: 4 at $ 2 .8 0 to $ 2 .9 0 and 3 at $ 2 .9 0 to $3.
Includes a ll d riv e rs r e g a r d le s s of siz e and type of truck operated .
W orkers w ere distrib u ted a s follow s: 84 at $ 2 .6 0 to $ 2 .7 0 and 210 at $ 2 .7 0 to $ 2 .8 0.
All w orker s w ere at $ 2 .7 0 to $ 2 .80 .




$

2

13
17
17
14
92
54
38
37
13
1
12

24
----5--19

2

46
46
63
63
-

$
2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .5 0

2.60

_

.
336
_
"
39

_
127
123
4
20
20

40
39
1

15

18
7

-

11

1

9
9
13
25
14

15
14
84
188
76

11

112

1

$
2 .6 0
and
over

_
12

_
"
6

8

-

31
27
24
24

6

136
131
5
14
14
4
3
no
118
87
31
30

4
33
33
5
4
1

15
57
7 294
50
244

-

82
5
5
-

2
2

12
12

9
6

-

-

3

2
1
1

33
57
57
-

_
_
"

_
_
-

2
2

1
2

53
9
44

8

-

8

10

23
25
_
-

1
1

3
3
3
-

19
19
4

1
1

S

4

22
8

8 210

-




B :

8

E s ta b lis h m e n t

P r a c tic e s

T a b le

an d

S u p p le m e n ta r y

W a g e

P r o v is io n s

B-1. S h i f t D i f f e r e n t i a l s

(P e r c e n t o f m a n u factu rin g plan t w o r k e r s in e st a b lis h m e n t s having fo r m a l p r o v isio n s fo r sh ift w o rk , an d in e sta b lis h m e n ts
a c tu a lly o p eratin g la te sh ifts by ty p e and am ount of d iffe r e n tia l, D ayton , O hio, D e ce m b e r 1959)
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts having fo rm a l
p r o v isio n s 1 for—
Shift d iffer en tia l
Second sh ift
w ork

T otal

_

__

9 5 .2

_ _

3 .3

8 3 .7

11.1

3 .3

1 9 .7

5 .4

1.6

5 .0
3 .7
1 .4

.

_ __

2.0

.5
1 .9
-

.9
8 .4
3 .3
3 .6
3 .4

1.8
.1
.1

5 8 .8

3 .8

.8

3 7 .2
2 .9
1 .6
1 7 .9
“

1.8
1.0
1.6

1 .3
.6
.1

5 2 .9
1 .5

1.8

.5
( a)
.2

~

-1

6 .9

__

5 .2

2 .0

.9

1. 5

1. 5

( 2)

( a)

_ __

__

_
__

_
__

__

_ _ _ _ _
_

3 .7
7 .8

_ _

1.0

__
__

_

_

_
—

5 p ercen t
7*/a p ercen t
__ __
___ ____
8 p ercen t
_ _
__
_
10 p ercen t
___ _ _ _
15 p ercen t
__ __
_

— -

_
_

_

_

_
_

_

__

No sh ift pay d iffe r e n tia l

11.2

5 9 .7

_ __
__

U niform p ercen ta g e

_ _

8 5 .2

__

5 ce n ts

O th e r 3

T h ird or other
sh ift

2 7 .0

___

U niform c e n ts (per hour)

7 c e n ts
7*/a c e n ts
8 c e n ts
10 ce n ts
11 ce n ts
12 ce n ts
13 ce n ts
15 ce n ts

Second shift

9 3 .7

_ _ _

With sh ift pay d iffe r e n tia l

6 c e n ts

T h ird or other
sh ift w ork

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts a ctu a lly
op era tin g —

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

.8

_

.9
.4
.3
.9

-

.3
"

( a)
1.1

.5
( a)

1
In clu d es e sta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n tly o p e ratin g la te s h ift s , an d e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v isio n s c o v e rin g la te sh ifts
even though they w e re not c u r r e n tly o p eratin g la te s h ift s .
a L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e rc e n t.
3 In c lu d es su ch com b in atio n p lan s a s fu ll d a y 's pay fo r r e d u c e d h o u rs p lu s a fla t su m ; and fu ll d a y 's pay fo r re d u c e d
h o u rs p lu s a c e n ts- p e r - h o u r d iffe r e n tia l.

9
T a b le

B -2 . M in im u m

E n tran ce

S a la r ie s

fo r W o m e n

O ffic e

W ork ers

(D istrib u tio n of e s ta b lish m e n ts stud ied in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r y for s e le c t e d c a te g o r ie s
of in ex p er ien ced w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s , D ayton, O hio, D ecem b er 1956)
in e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M an u factu rin g
M inim um w eekly s a l a r y 1

E sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied

_______

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

__ _____

_ -

E sta b lis h m e n ts having a sp e c ifie d m i n i m u m ___ —
$ 4 0 .0 0 and un der $ 4 2 .5 0
__ _ __ __
$ 4 2 .5 0 an d under $ 4 5 .0 0 __ _ ___ ____
$ 4 5 .0 0 and under $ 4 7 .5 0 _ _ ______ .
$ 4 7 .5 0 and under $ 5 0 .0 0
______ __
$ 5 0 .0 0 and under $ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 2 .5 0 and under $ 5 5 .0 0 _ _ _ _ _ _ ____
_ _
$ 5 5 .0 0 and under $ 5 7 .5 0
_______
__ __ _
$ 5 7 .5 0 and under $ 6 0 .0 0 __ __ __ ______
__ _
$ 6 0 .0 0 and under $ 6 2 .5 0
________ ___
___ ______
_ _
$ 6 2 .5 0 and under $ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 5 .0 0 and under $ 6 7 .5 0
___ _______ ____ _
$ 6 7 .5 0 and under $ 7 0 .0 0 __ _ __ __ ______ __
$ 7 0 .0 0 and under $ 7 2 .5 0 _______________________
____ __
$ 7 2 .5 0 and under $ 7 5 .0 0 _
_
E sta b lis h m e n ts having no sp e c ifie d m i n im u m _____
E sta b lis h m e n ts w hich did not em ploy w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y ___________ _______________ __ __ _

Other in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r ic a l w o r k e r s
N on m an ufactu rin g

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

M an u factu rin g
A ll
in d u s t r ie s

af—
B a s e d on sta n d a r d w eekly h o u rs 3 <
A ll

40

sc h e d u le s

I

N on m an ufactu rin g

B a s e d on sta n d a r d w eekly h o u r s 3 of—
A ll
A ll
40
sc h e d u le s
sc h e d u le s

40

102

56

XXX

46

XXX

102

56

XXX

46

XXX

47
5
1

31
3
1
3
2
5
2
3
1
2
2
1
1
5

29
3
1
3
1
5
2
2
1
2
2
1
1
5

16
2

16
2

50
9
2
7
3

29
3
2
2
2
4
1
3
1
3
2
1
5

26
3
1
2
1
4
1
2
1
3
2
-

21
6

17
4
4
1
3
1
2

-

-

2

XXX

2

23

XXX

25

8

4

8
3
4
1
3
2
1
1
1
5
5
50

-

-

5
2
3
1
1

5
2
3
1
1

1
1
-

1
1
-

-

3

XXX

27

XXX

-

-

8

2
5
1
3
2
1
1
6

4

48

-

5
1
4
1
2
-

-

1

1

XXX

1
2

XXX

XXX

23

XXX

1
5

-

1

1 L ow est s a la r y ra te fo r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d for h irin g in ex p er ien ced w o r k e r s for typing or other c le r ic a l jo b s.
2 R ates ap p lica b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ffic e g ir ls , or sim ila r su b c le r ic a l job s a r e not co n sid ere d .
3 H ours r e fle c t the w ork w eek for w hich em p lo y e es r e c e iv e th eir reg u la r str a ig h t- tim e s a la r ie s . Data a re p resen ted for a ll w o rk w eek s co m b in ed , and for the m o st com m on w ork w eek re p o r te d .

T a b le

B -3 . S c h e d u l e d

W e e k ly

H o u rs

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by sch ed u led w eek ly hours
of fir s t - s h if t w o r k e r s , D ayton, O hio, D ecem b er 1959)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Week ly hour s
All industries

All w o r k e r s

_____________________

— -----------

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

_
-

_
-

_

Under 35 ho u r s ___________ ____________ _____
35 ho u r s _______________________________ —
36 Va hour s ____________ ________________________
37 V4 ho u rs _________ _______ _______________
37 Va ho u r s
___________ _____ ____ ________
_____________________________ ___
40 ho u rs

(4)
2
2
(4)
7
84

-

-

10
85

100

45 ho u r s
---------- ----- --------------------------48 ho u r s ______________________________________

( 4)
■

(*)
~

-

1
2
3
4

A

4
.

All industries3

Manufacturing

100

100

7
86

_
_
8
88

_
_
_
94

2
3

2
2

6

-

Inclu d es data for w h o le s a le trade; r e ta il trade; fin a n ce, in su r a n c e , and r e a l esta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s shown se p a r a te ly .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and other public u tilit ie s .
Inclu d es data for w h o le s a le tra d e, r e ta il tra d e, r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in ad d ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s shown se p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0 . 5 p erc en t.




Public utilities *

10

T a b le

B -4. P a id

H o lid a y s

(P e rc e n t d istrib u tio n of o ffic e and p lan t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by n u m b er of p aid h o lid ay s
p ro v id ed an n u ally , D ayton, Ohio, D e c e m b e r 1959)
OFFICE WORKERS

Item

All industries*

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

99

100

“

“

2

1

1
21
57
12
1
1
1
2
1
2

7
58
35
-

4
22
50
17
1

4
12
62
16
1
1
1
2

All industries1

Manufacturing

A ll w o rk e rs ---------------------------------------------------

100

100

W o rk ers in e sta b lis h m e n ts p ro vid in g
p aid h o lid ay s ---------------------------------------------W o rk ers in e sta b lis h m e n ts p ro vid in g
no paid h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------

99

(4)

PLANT WORKERS
Public utilities2

Public utilities2

N um ber o f d a y s

L e s s than 6 h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------6 h o lid ay s ----------------------------------------------------6 h o lid ay s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ----------------------------6 h o lid ay s p lu s 2 h a lf day s -------------------------7 h o lid ay s ---------------------------------------------------7 h o lid ay s p lu s 1 h a lf day ----------------------------7 h o lid ay s p lu s 2 h a lf d ay s --------------------------8 h o lid ay s ---------------------------------------------------8 h o lid ay s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ----------------------------9 h o lid ay s — ------------------------------------------------10 h o lid ay s p lu s 1 h a lf day ----------------------T o ta l h o l i d a y

(4 )

43
13
1
1
1
1
1
1

-

-

(4 )
1
1

9
14
30
48
-

-

£)
(4 )

(4 )
(4 )

-

(4 )
(4 )

g)
(4 )

_

tim e 5

IOV2 or m o re day s -----------------------------------9 or m o re day s ---------------------------------------8V2 o r m o re day s ------------------------------------8 or m o re day s ---------------------------------------7 V2 o r m o re day s ------------------------------------7 or m o re day s ---------------------------------------6V2 o r m o re day s ------------------------------------6 o r m o re day s ---------------------------------------5 V2 o r m o re day s ------------------------------------4 or m o re day s ---------------------------------------3 or m o re d ay s ---------------------------------------2 or m o re day s ---------------------------------------1V2o r m o re day s -------------------------------------1 or m o re day s ----------------------------------------

1
*
3
4
5
no h a lf

3
36

1
2
3

5
5
62
62
97
97
97
97

99
99
99

2
3

5
7

8

78
78
99
99

99
99
99
99

100

_

93
93
100
100

100
100
100
100
100

2

3

4
71
71
93
93
94
95
97
98
98

2
4
5

83
83
95
95
96
97

99
99
99

77
77
91
91

100
100
100
100
100

In clu des d ata fo r w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin an c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v ic e s in ad d itio n to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a t e ly .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic atio n , and other p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
In clu des d ata fo r w h o le sa le tr a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v ic e s in add itio n to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s than 0 .5 p e rc e n t.
A ll co m b in atio n s of fu ll and h a lf d ay s that add to the sa m e am ount a r e com bin ed; fo r e x a m p le , the p ro p o rtio n of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g a to ta l of 7 d ay s in c lu d es th o se w ith 7 fu ll day s and
d a y s, 6 fu ll d ay s and 2 h a lf d a y s, 5 fu ll d ay s and 4 h a lf d a y s, and so on.
P r o p o r tio n s w ere then cu m u lated .




11
T a b le

B -5. P a id

V a c a tio n s

(P e rc e n t d istrib u tio n of o ffic e and p lan t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u st r ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by v ac atio n pay
p r o v is io n s , D ayton, Ohio, D e c e m b e r 1959)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

V a catio n p o lic y

All industries 1

A ll w o r k e r s ___ _______________________________

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries^

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
(4 )
-

100
100
-

100
99
1
-

100
98
2
-

100
98
2
-

100
94
6
-

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

M e th o d o f p aym o n t

W o rk ers in e sta b lis h m e n ts p rovid in g
paid v a c a tio n s _______________________________
L e n g th -o f-tim e p a y m e n t___________________
P e rc e n ta g e p a y m e n t _______________________
F la t - s u m p aym ent _____________________ __
O ther __ _____________________ _____ ____ ___
W ork ers in e sta b lis h m e n ts p rovidin g
no p aid v a c a t i o n s _____ ,______________________

A m ount o f v a c a tio n

“

“

5
66
2

5
76
( 4)

29
71

"

pay 5

A fte r 6 m on ths of se r v ic e
L e s s than 1 w e e k ______________________________
1 w e e k _________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _____________________

_
6
"

12
8
~

10
6
-

9
3
“

25
75

92
8

90
1
9

97
1
2

89
9
3

13
3
85

16
3
82

1
4
94

72
11
17

83
13
4

22
9
70

6
2
92
1

6
3
90
1

1
99
“

10
35
54
1

9
45
45
“

14
77
9

(4 )
(4 )
92
1
7

1
1
91
2
5

-

(4 )
90
1
9

91
9

A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 w eek s _______________________________________
A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek _ _ _________________________ ________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ____________________
2 w eek s __ _____________________________________
A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 w e e k s ______________ __________ ___ ________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____________________

-

A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s
.....
__
2 w eek s ________________ ____________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ____________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________

See fo o tn otes a t end o f tab le




_

_

100
-

1
92
2
5

12

Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f ic e a n d p l a n t w o r k e r s i n a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d i n i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , D a y to n , O h io , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 )

OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a catio n p o lic y
All industries *

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

A industries 3
H

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 5—- C o n tin u e d
A fte r 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________ _____
2 w e e k s ________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 w e e k s __________________________ ___________

(4 )
36
4
59

_
23
5
72

35
6
58

1
24
36
39

_
20
46
35

_
59
3
38

(4 )
17
1
79
3

_
7
1
92
-

_
4
96
-

1
9
1
86
(4 )
3

5
1
92
2

91
9
-

A fte r 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ________ _________________ ___________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____________ __ __
3 w e e k s ________________________________________
O ver 3 an d under 4 w e e k s ____________________
4 w e e k s ____ __ _______________________________
A fte r 20 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______ ___________
3 w e e k s ______________ _ _____________________
O ver 3 but l e s s than 4 w eek s
4 w e e k s ________________________________________

(4 )
13
1
79
6

_

-

7

4

1
91
1

96
-

-

1

8

1
79
2
10

-

-

5

1
90
2

-

84
9
8

2

A fte r 25 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________
2 w e e k s ____ __________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ____ _______________
4 w e e k s ______________ ________________________
O ver 4 w e e k s __________________________________

(4 )

10
1
66
21

_
2
1
81
16

_

4

38
58

2

1
6
1
60

(4 )

32

_

_
54
9
37

3

1
69
27

(4 )

1 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s ta t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t.
5 P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e i n d iv i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r e x a m p le , th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o rtio n s in d ic a te d
s e r v i c e in c l u d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e tw e e n 5 a n d 1 0 y e a r s .
N O T E : I n th e t a b u l a t i o n s o f v a c a t i o n a ll o w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t s o t h e r t h a n " le n g t h o f t i m e , "
to a n e q u iv a le n t tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s 1 w e e k ’ s p a y .




su c h a s p e rc e n ta g e of a n n u a l e a rn in g s o r fla t-s u m

p a y m e n ts,

at

w ere

10 y e a r s 1
c o n v e rte d

13
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f f ic e a n d p l a n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s , D a y to n , O h io , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 )
OFFICE WORKERS
T y p e of b e n e f it

All industries1

Manufacturing

100

100

93

PLANT WORKERS
Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

98

91

93

96

92

74

78

89

75

81

84

90

96

96

92

94

92

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e ----------S ic k l e a v e (f u l l p a y a n d n o
w a i ti n g p e r i o d ) ----------------------------------- —
S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a i ti n g p e r i o d ) --------------------------------------

68

91

7

87

94

25

53

62

5

2

(5 )

12

5

84

4

"

67

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e --------------------------S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e --------------------------------------M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e ---------------------------------------C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e --------------------------------R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n -------------------------------------N o h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n p l a n -----

88
87
63
18
69
4

96
95
71
9
77
1

70
70
68
68
90
4

91
90
66
7
72
4

97
97
78
5
78
3

57
57
40
40
86

A l l w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g :
L ife i n s u r a n c e ------- --------------------------------------A c c i d e n t a l d e a th a n d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------------S ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 4 -------------------------------------

-

1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s i n a d d it i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 U n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S i c k - l e a v e p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t
th e m in i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y t h a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d o n a n i n d iv i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .
5 L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t.







15

Appendix:
T h e p r im a r y
fie ld

sta ff

title s

and

o f p re p a rin g

jo b d e s c r ip t io n s fo r th e B u r e a u ’ s w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s

in c l a s s i f y i n g in t o a p p r o p r i a t e o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l
d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s fr o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t t o e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d fro m a r e a to a r e a .

e s s e n t i a l in

o rd e r to

B e c a u s e o f th is
B u reau ’s

p u rp o se

Occupational Descriptions

jo b

p e r m it th e

e m p h a sis

on

d e sc r ip tio n s

T h is is

g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.

in te r e sta b lis h m e n t a n d

in te ra re a

c o m p a r a b ility o f o c c u p a tio n a l c o n te n t, th e

m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y fr o m t h o s e in u s e in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e

p r e p a r e d fo r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p l y i n g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e
in s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s , a p p r e n t i c e s , l e a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , t r a i n e e s , h a n d ic a p p e d w o r k e r s ,
p a r t- tim e , te m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

O F F IC E

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

B I L L E R , M A C H IN E
P rep ares
th a n

an

sta te m e n ts,

b ills,

o r d in a ry o r e le c t r o m a t ic

and

in v o ic e s

ty p e w r ite r .

M ay

o n a m a c h in e

to b il lin g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e rfo rm o th e r c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l
to

b illin g

o p e ra tio n s.

For

w age

stu d y

O p e ra te s

o th e r

a lso k eep reco rd s a s

,

m a c h in e

(h illin g

c h in e (M o o n

H o p k in s,

c o m b in a tio n

ty p in g

F ish e r ,

a d d in g

m a c h in e

a

ty p e w r ite r

k ey b o ard )

to

keep

a

reco rd

of

reco rd s

(R e m in g to n

R an d,

E llio tt

R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t
of

b u sin e ss

tr a n sa c tio n s.

p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a re

m a c h in e )

E llio tt

and

b o o k k e e p in g

F is h e r , S u n d stra n d , B u rro u g h s, N a tio n a l C a s h

c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s fo llo w s :
B ille r

a

O PERATO R

C la s s

— U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a­
B u rro u g h s,

m a c h in e s)

e t c .,

to p re p a re

w h ic h

are

b il ls a n d in ­

A

— K eeps

a

set

r e q u ir in g

a

k n o w le d g e o f

a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith
th e s t r u c tu r e o f th e p a r t ic u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
p ro p e r r e c o r d s a n d d istr ib u tio n

u sed .

D e te r m in e s

o f d e b it a n d c r e d it it e m s to b e u s e d

v o i c e s fro m c u s t o m e r s ’ p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s ,

in e a c h p h a s e o f th e w o r k .

sh ip p in g m em o ran d u m s, e tc . U s u a lly

s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s b y h a n d .

te r m in e d

d isc o u n ts

e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h
c h in e , a n d

and

sh ip p in g

m ay

in v o lv e s

ch arges

a p p lic a tio n o f p re d e ­

and

e n try

of n e ce ssa ry

or m ay n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b illin g

T h e o p e r a tio n

u su a lly
p rep ared

b e in g

in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m ber o f c a rb o n c o p ie s o f
and

is

o fte n

done

oh

a

fa n fo ld

C la s s

m a­

t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e d b y m a c h in e .

th e b i l l

m a c h in e .

a

set

B

m a c h in e
m ay
b ills

or
as

v o lv e s
o rd .

,

m a c h in e

(b o o k k e e p in g

(S u n d stra n d ,
m ay

not

have

p a r t o f th e
th e

The

E llio tt

F ish e r ,

ty p e w r ite r

a c c o u n ts

sim u lta n e o u s

m a c h in e )

R e m in g to n

k ey b o ard )

r e c e iv a b le

e n try

o f fig u re s

m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a lly

— U se s
to

a

b o o k k e e p in g

R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h

— K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o re p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f

of reco rd s

u su a lly

r e q u ir in g

little

k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c

book­

k e e p in g *
P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u s t o m e r s ’ a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d
u n d er b ille r ,

B ille r

M ay p re p a re c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e

v e n to ry

m a c h in e ), c o s t

c o n tr o l,

e tc .

b a la n c e s an d p rep are

d istr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e

M ay c h e c k

or a s s is t

c o n tro l s h e e t s

in

d is tr ib u tio n , in ­

p r e p a ra tio n

o f tr ia l

fo r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .

p rep are c u sto m e rs*

o p e r a tio n .

G e n e r a lly in ­

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G

on c u s to m e r s ’ le d g e r r e c ­

a c c u m u la te s fig u r e s

on a num ber

C la s s

A

— U n d e r g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t ­

o f v e r t ic a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u te s a n d u s u a l l y p r in t s a u t o m a t ic a lly

a n t, h a s r e s p o n sib ility

th e d e b it o r c r e d it b a l a n c e s .

p le te s e t o f b o o k s or r e c o r d s r e la tin g to o n e p h a s e o f a n e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t ' s b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o rk i n v o l v e s p o s t i n g a n d b a l a n c i n g

k e e p in g .
W o rk s
c r e d it s l i p s .




fro m

D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k ­

u n ifo r m

and

sta n d a rd

ty p e s

of

sa le s

and

s u b s id ia r y le d g e r or

fo r k e e p in g o n e o r m o re

le d g e r s

se c tio n s

su c h as a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le

of a com ­

or a c co u n ts

16

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — C o n tin u e d

C LER K , PA Y RO LL

p a y a b l e ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d i n g i n v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c ­
c o u n tin g

d istr ib u tio n ; r e q u ir e s

ju d g m e n t a n d

e x p e rie n c e

p ro per a ss ig n a tio n s

an d a llo c a tio n s .

ju s tin g

jo u r n a l e n t r ie s ; m ay d ir e c t c l a s s

an d c lo s in g

M ay a s s i s t in

in

m a k in g

p re p a rin g , a d ­
B a c c o u n tin g

c le r k s.

C o m p u te s
s a r y d a ta on
e a r n in g s

th e

b a se d

w ages

on

tim e

m ake
C la s s

— U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r fo r m s o n e o r m o re r o u t in e a c ­

B

c o u n ts

p a y a b le

re c o n c ilin g
by

v o u ch ers,

bank

does

a

v o u ch ers

p o stin g

or p o stin g

n o t r e q u ir e

out pay ch ecks

in g

ra te ,

in fo r m a tio n

d e d u c tio n s

p a y e n v e lo p e s.

C a lc u la tin g w o rk e rs*

and

fo r

a ssist

su ch

a s w o r k e r 's n a m e ,

in su r a n c e ,
p ay m a ste r

w o r k in g

an d to ta l w a g e s d u e.
in

m a k in g

M ay

u p an d d istr ib u t­

M ay u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .

p o s tin g s im p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c ­

e n te r in g

a c co u n ts;

g e n e ra l le d g e r s,

jo b

as

tim e ,

D u tie s in v o lv e :

or p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d d a ta

on p a y r o ll s h e e t , s h o w in g
d ay s,

c o u n tin g o p e r a tio n s s u c h

o f c o m p a n y e m p lo y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s ­

p a y r o ll s h e e t s .

s im p le

k n o w le d g e

p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s

in

v ou ch er r e g iste r s;

s u b s id ia r y

le d g e r s

c o s t a c c o u n tin g d a t a .

of

a c c o u n tin g

COM PTO M ETER O PERA TO R

c o n tr o lle d
T h is

a n d b o o k k e e p in g

in w h ic h t h e m o r e r o u t i n e a c c o u n t ­

in g w o rk i s s u b d iv id e d o n a fu n c t io n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .

P rim a ry
tic a l

d u ty

c o m p u ta tio n s .

t ic a l or o th e r

i s to o p e r a te a C o m p to m e te r to p e rfo rm m a th e m a ­

T h is

jo b

i s n o t t o b e c o n f u s e d w ith t h a t o f s t a t i s ­

ty p e o f c le r k , w h ic h m ay in v o lv e fr e q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p ­

t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h i s m a c h in e i s i n c i d e n t a l t o p e r f o r m a n c e
o f o th e r d u t ie s .

C LER K ,

F IL E
C la s s

ber

— In

A

o f v a rie d

pondence
reco rd s
v ise
fo r m

an

e sta b lish e d

su b je c t

or o th e r m a te r ia l; m ay
o f v a rio u s

o th e rs

in

ty p e s

filin g

filin g

m a tte r f i l e s ,

and

in

sy ste m

c la ssifie s

a lso

file

c o n ju n c t io n

lo c a tin g

c o n ta in in g
and

th is m a te r ia l.
w ith

m a t e r i a l in

file s
th e

a num ­

D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E

or

file s .

U nder

M ay k e e p
m ay su p e r ­
M ay p e r­

or

— P e r fo r m s ro u tin e f il in g , u s u a lly o f m a t e r ia l th a t h a s

B

been

a ss is ts

c la ssifie d

in

lo c a tin g

o r w h ic h
m a te r ia l

su p e rv isio n

u s i n g a M im e o g ra p h o r D it t o m a c h i n e .
p rep are

C la s s

gen eral

is
in

e a s ily
file s.

s t e n c i l o r D itto m a s te r .

m aste rs.

M ay

p e rfo rm

gen eral

p u n c h in g

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il,
p h o n e, or p e rso n a lly .

D u tie s

in v o lv e

a n y

c o m b in a tio n

o f th e

fo llo w in g :

Q u o tin g p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o rd e r s h e e t l i s t i n g th e ite m s
o rd er;

v ic e a tta c h e d to

s h e e t s to r e s p e c tiv e d e p a rtm e n ts to b e fille d .

o f o rd ers

fro m

c u s t o m e r s , fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e

th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f ille d , k e e p f ile o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip ­
p in g i n v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .




M ay

m a c h in e .

w ith

no s u p e r v iso r y r e s p o n s i­

in a s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e , u s i n g

keypun ch

m a c h in e , f o llo w in g w r itte n in ­

d u p lic a te c a r d s b y u s in g th e d u p lic a tin g d e ­
M ay

keep

file s

of pun ch

card s.

M ay v e rify

ow n w ork or w o rk o f o th e r s .

c h e c k in g p r ic e s a n d q u a n titie s o f ite m s on o rd e r

ord er

r e c e ip t

and

a n d s t a t i s t i c a l d a ta on ta b u la tin g c a r d s by

a s e r i e s o f h o l e s in t h e c a r d s

fo r m a tio n o n r e c o r d s .

O F F IC E B O Y O R G IR L

M ay c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r t m e n t t o d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r ,
a c k n o w le d g e

I s n o t r e q u ir e d to

M ay k e e p f il e o f u s e d s t e n c i l s o r D itto

s u p e r v isio n

a c c o u n tin g

a n a lp h a b e t ic a l o r a n u m e r ic a l

th e

M a k e s n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n t s u c h

KEYPUNCH O PERATO R

C LER K , ORDER

up

su p e rv iso r y r e s p o n s i­

in c id e n ta l

U nder

d istr ib u tin g

no

M ay s o r t , c o lla t e , a n d s t a p le c o m p le te d m a te r ia l.

b ilitie s, reco rd s

sh e e t;

w ith

id e n tifia b le , o r lo c a te s

c le r ic a l d u tie s.

to m a k e

and

b i l i t i e s , r e p r o d u c e s m u ltip le c o p i e s o f ty p e w r itte n o r h a n d w r itte n m a tte r,
a s fo r in k a n d p a p e r f e e d c o u n te r a n d c y lin d e r s p e e d .

in c id e n ta l c le r ic a l d u tie s .

a lr e a d y

O P E R A T O R (M IM E O G R A P H O R D I T T O )

in d e x e s c o r r e s ­

P e rfo rm s
e ra tin g

m in o r

v a rio u s

o ffic e

r o u tin e

d u tie s

su ch

a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p ­

m a c h in e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a il e r s , o p e n in g

d i s t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o t h e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .

and

17

SECRETARY

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-machine operator).
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office calls.
May record toll calls and take messages. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as .part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A— Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B —Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C— Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine record's. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

18

TYPIST

TYPIST— Continued

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing processes. May do clerical work involving little special training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.
Class A— Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B — Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
fromrough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
etc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(Assistant draftsman)

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specifications; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. W is frequently
ork
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May assist subordinates during emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR

Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses. Duties involve a combination of the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER

Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

19
M A IN T E N A N C E

D PO W ERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. W involves most of the following:
ork
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials nec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. W
ork
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications;.locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. W
ork involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments
employing more than one engineer are excluded.




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of: a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. W involves most of the following: Planning
ork
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. W
ork
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

20

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations re la ting to dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. W involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
ork
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. W involves most of the following: Examining automotive
ork
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
W involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ork
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




OILER

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE

Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. W involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
ork
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. W involves most of the following:
ork
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to p ressu re s,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications* In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

21
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE

Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
W involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
ork
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. W involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ork
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. W
ork
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker's
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

22

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.
ORDER FILLER

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and pertorm
other related duties.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

PACKER, SHIPPING

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden
boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and files.




For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power ( o k i t
frlf)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
* U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : I960 0 —541449

Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 60 major labor markets during late 1959 and early I960. These bulletins, when available,
may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D .C ., or from any of the BLS regional
sales o ffices shown below.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1961.
Bulletins for the areas listed below are now available.




Cleveland, Ohio, September, 1959 - BLS Bull. 1265-1, price 20 cents
Seattle, Wash., August 1959 — BLS Bull. 1265-2, price 25 cents
Dallas, Tex., October 1959 — BLS Bull. 1265-3, price 20 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102