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Occupational Wage Survey

PROVIDENCE, RHODE ISLAND -M ASSACH USETTS
MARCH 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-34




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagua, CommisMonar




Occupational Wage Survey
PROVIDENCE, RHODE ISLAND-MASSACHUSETTS




MARCH 1960

Bulletin No. 1265-34
May I9 6 0
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

JFor sal# by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C. - Price 25 cento




Preface

Contents
Page

T h e C o m m u n ity W a ge S u r v e y P r o g r a m
T h e B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s r e g u la r ly con du cts
a r e a w id e w a g e s u r v e y s in a n u m b er o f im p o r ta n t in d u s tr ia l
c e n t e r s . T h e s tu d ie s , m ad e f r o m la te f a l l to e a r ly s p r in g ,
r e la t e to o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d s u p p le m e n ta ry
b e n e fits . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on c o m p le t io n
o f the study in e a c h a r e a , u s u a lly in the m onth fo llo w in g
the p a y r o ll p e r io d s tu d ie d . T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s a d d itio n a l
d ata n ot in c lu d e d in the e a r l i e r r e p o r t .
A c o n s o lid a te d
a n a ly t ic a l b u lle tin s u m m a r iz in g the r e s u lt s o f a ll o f the
y e a r ' s s u r v e y s is is s u e d a ft e r c o m p le t io n o f the fin a l a r e a
b u lle tin f o r the c u r r e n t roun d o f s u r v e y s .
T h is r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u ’ s r e ­
g io n a l o f f i c e in B o s to n , M a s s ., b y L e o E p s t e in , u n der the
d ir e c t io n o f P a u l V . M u lk e r n , R e g io n a l W a ge and In d u s ­
t r i a l R e la tio n s A n a ly s t.




In tr o d u c tio n _____________________________________________________________________
W a ge tr e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s ____________________________

1
4

T a b le s :
1.
2.

A;

B:

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y ____________
In d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t - t im e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s ,
and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s _________________
O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s : *
A - 1.
O ff ic e o c c u p a tio n s _____________________________________________
A - 2 . P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s __________________
A -3 .
M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s _________________
A -4 .
C u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s _________
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e
p r o v is io n s : *
B - l.
S h ift d if fe r e n t ia ls _____________________________________________
B - 2 . M in im u m e n tra n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n
o f f ic e w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------B -3 .
S c h ed u le d w e e k ly h o u rs ----------------------------------------------B -4 .
P a id h o lid a y s ____________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a tio n s ________________________________________________
B -6 .
H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p lans ____________________

A p p e n d ix :

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s

______________________________________

* N O T E : S im ila r ta b u la tio n s a r e a v a ila b le in the P r o v id e n c e
a r e a r e p o r t s f o r D e c e m b e r 1951 and 1952, and M a r c h 1956.
M o s t o f the r e p o r t s a ls o in c lu d e d ata on th e s e o r r e la t e d
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s .
A d i r e c t o r y in d ic a tin g date o f study and the p r ic e o f the r e ­
p o r t s , as w e ll as r e p o r t s f o r o th e r m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a ila b le
upon r e q u e s t.
A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and su p ­
p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r a c t ic e s in the P r o v id e n c e a r e a is a ls o
a v a ila b le f o r auto d e a le r r e p a ir shops (June 1958).
U n ion
s c a le s , in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g p a y l e v e l s , a r e a v a ila b le f o r
the fo llo w in g tr a d e s o r in d u s tr ie s :
B u ild in g c o n s tr u c tio n ,
p rin tin g , l o c a i- t r a n s it o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o to r tr u c k
d r iv e r s
and h e lp e r s .

iii

3

3

5
7
8
9

11
11
12
13
14
16
17




Occupational Wage Survey—Providence, R. I.—Mass.
Introduction

T his area is one of se v e r a l im portant in dustrial cen ters in
which the U .S . D epartm ent of L a b o r s B ureau of Labor S ta tistic s has
conducted su rveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an areaw ide b a s is . In this area, data w ere obtained by personal
v is its of B ureau field econ om ists to rep resen tative estab lish m en ts
w ithin six broad industry division s: M anufacturing; tra n sp o rta tio n ,1
com m unication, and other public u tilities; w h olesale trade; reta il
trade; fin an ce, in su ran ce, and rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor in ­
dustry groups excluded from th ese stu d ies are governm ent operations
and the con struction and ex tractive in d u stries. E stab lish m en ts having*
few er than a p rescrib ed num ber of w orkers are om itted a lso because
they furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to w a r­
rant in clu sion . W herever p o ssib le, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry d iv isio n s.
T h ese su rveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis b ecause of the
u n n ecessary co st involved in surveying a ll estab lish m en ts. To obtain
appropriate accu racy at m inim um co st, a greater proportion of large
than of sm a ll estab lish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data, how ­
ever, a ll estab lish m en ts are given their appropriate w eight. E stim a tes
based on the estab lish m en ts studied are presen ted , th erefo re, as r e ­
lating to a ll estab lish m en ts in the industry grouping and area, e x ­
cep t for those below the m inim um siz e studied.
O ccupations and E arnings
The occupations selec te d for study are com m on to a variety
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries. O ccupational c la s ­
sifica tio n is based on a uniform se t of job d escrip tion s designed to
take account of in terestab lish m en t variation in duties w ithin the sam e
job. (See appendix for listin g of th ese d escrip tio n s.) E arnings data are
p resen ted (in the A -s e r ie s tab les) for the follow ing types of occupa­
tions: (a) O ffice c le r ic a l; (b) p ro fession a l and technical; (c) m ain te­
nance and pow er plant; and (d) cu stod ial and m aterial m ovem ent.
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o rk ers, i. e . , those hired to work a regular w eekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational c la ssifica tio n . E arnings data exclude
prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, h olid ays, and

late sh ifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded a lso , but c o st-o fliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where w eekly
hours are reported, as for office c le r ic a l occupations, refereh ce is
to the work sched ules (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) for which
straigh t-tim e sa la r ie s are paid; average w eekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the n ea rest half d ollar.
A verage earnings of m en and wom en are presented sep arately
for selec te d occupations in which both sex es are com m only em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay le v e ls of m en and wom en in th ese occupations are
la rg ely due to (1) d ifferen ces in the distribution of the sex es among
in d u stries and estab lish m en ts; (2) d ifferen ces in sp ecific duties p er­
form ed, although the occupations are appropriately c la ss ifie d w ithin
the sam e su rvey job description; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ice or m erit review when individual sa la r ie s are adjusted on this basis.
L onger average serv ic e of m en would re su lt in higher average pay
when both sex es are em ployed within the sam e rate range. Job
descrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in th ese su rveys are u su ­
ally m ore gen era lized than those u sed in individual estab lish m en ts to
allow for m inor d ifferen ces am ong estab lish m en ts in sp ecifip duties
perform ed.
O ccupational em ploym ent estim a tes rep resen t the total in all
estab lish m en ts within the scope of the study and not the num ber actu­
ally su rveyed . B ecau se of d ifferen ces in occupational stru ctu re among
estab lish m en ts, the estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent obtained
from the sam ple of estab lish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate the
relative im portance of the jobs studied. T hese d ifferen ces in occu ­
pational structure do not m ateria lly affect the accu racy of the earn*
ings data.

E stab lish m en t P ra c tic es and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s
Inform ation is p resen ted a lso (in the B -s e r ie s tab les) on s e ­
lected estab lish m en t p ra ctices and supplem entary ben efits as they r e ­
late to office and plant w o rk ers. The term "offite w o rk ers, " as u sed
in this bulletin, includes working su p erv iso rs and non su p ervisory
w orkers perform ing c le r ic a l or related functions, and exclu d es adm in­
istr a tiv e , ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l p erson n el. "Plant w orkers" in ­
clude working forem en and all n on su p ervisory w orkers (including lea d m
1
R ailroad s, fo rm erly excluded from the scope of th ese stu d ies, en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice functions. A d m in istrative,
have been added in n early a ll of the areas to be studied during the
ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l em p lo y ees, and force-acco u n t construction
em p loyees who are u tilized as a sep arate work force are excluded .
w inter of 1959-60; railroad s w ill be added in the rem aining areas next
year. F or scope of survey in this area, se e footnote to "transporta­
C afeteria w orkers and routem en are excluded in m anufacturing indus­
tion, com m unication, and other public u tilitie s " in table 1.
tries, but are included as plant w orkers in nonm anufacturing industries.




2
S h ift d if fe r e n t ia l d ata (ta b le B - l ) a r e lim it e d to m a n u fa c tu rin g
in d u s tr ie s . T h is in fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d b oth in te r m s o f (a ) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f to ta l p lan t w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m en t, and (b ) e f f e c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d on the b a s is o f w o r k e r s
a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d s h ift a t the tim e o f the s u r v e y .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g v a r ie d d if fe r e n t ia ls , the am ou n t a p p ly in g to
a m a jo r it y w as u s e d o r , i f no am ou n t a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y , the c l a s ­
s ific a t io n " o t h e r ” w as u s e d .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich s om e la t e s h ift h o u rs a r e p a id a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d if fe r e n t ia l w as r e c o r d e d o n ly
i f i t a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y o f the s h ift h o u rs .

M in im u m e n tr a n c e r a te s (ta b le B - 2 ) r e la t e o n ly to the e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts v is it e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n te d on an e s ta b lis h m e n t, r a th e r
than on an e m p lo y m e n t b a s is .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p aid v a c a tio n s ; and
h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p lans a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the
b a s is th at th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a ­
j o r i t y o f such w o r k e r s a r e e l ig ib le o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r the
p r a c t ic e s l is t e d . S c h ed u le d h o u rs a r e tr e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is
that th es e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p lan t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y
a r e c o v e r e d . 3 B e c a u s e o f rou n d in g, sum s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s in th es e
ta b u la tio n s m a y not e q u a l to t a ls .

T h e f i r s t p a r t o f the p aid h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n ts the n u m ­
b e r o f w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s a c tu a lly p r o v id e d .
The second p a rt
c o m b in e s w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s to s h o w to ta l h o lid a y t i m e .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a tio n p lans is lim it e d to f o r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n ts , e x c lu d in g in fo r m a l plans w h e r e b y tim e o f f w ith p ay is g ra n te d
a t the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S e p a r a te e s t im a t e s a r e p r o v id e d
a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in c o m p u tin g v a c a tio n p a y m e n ts , such
as tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s , o r fla t - s u m a m ou n ts.
H o w e v e r , in the ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s , p a y m e n ts n ot on
a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r te d ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d as the e q u iv a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y .

D a ta a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n
p lans f o r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r ,
e x c e p tin g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts such as w o rk m e n * s c o m p e n s a tio n
and s o c ia l s e c u r it y . Such p lans in c lu d e th o s e u n d e r w r itte n b y a c o m ­
m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y and th o s e p r o v id e d th ro u gh a u n ion fund o r
p aid d i r e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r ou t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a tin g funds o r f r o m
a fund s e t a s id e f o r th is p u r p o s e .
D eath b e n e fits a r e in c lu d e d as a
f o r m o f l i f e in s u r a n c e .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e is l i m i t e d to th at ty p e o f in ­
s u ra n c e u n d er w h ich p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the in s u r e d on a w e e k ly o r ^ n o n th ly b a s is d u rin g i l ln e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
I n fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll such p lan s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u t e s .
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h ich
h a ve e n a c te d te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u ra n c e la w s w h ic h r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,4 p lan s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f the e m p lo y e r (1 ) c o n ­
tr ib u te s m o r e than is l e g a l l y r e q u ir e d , o r (2 ) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n ts o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s
o f p a id s ic k - le a v e p lans a r e lim it e d to f o r m a l p la n s 5 w h ic h p r o v id e
fu ll p ay o r a p r o p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r 's p ay d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
b e c a u s e o f i lln e s s .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
( l ) p lans w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p ay and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2 ) p lans
p r o v id in g e it h e r p a r t ia l p ay o r a w a itin g p e r io d .
In a d d itio n to the
p r e s e n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e o r p a id s ic k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a ted to ta l is
show n o f w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e e it h e r o r b oth ty p e s o f b e n e fit s .
C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to a s, e x te n d e d
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o s e p lan s w h ic h a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b e yo n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p it a liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p lans p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l
p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . Such p lan s m a y b e u n d e r w r itte n b y c o m m e r ­
c ia l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th e y m a y b e
s e lf- in s u r e d .
T a b u la tio n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n p lan s a r e l i m it e d to
th o s e p lan s th at p r o v id e m o n th ly p a y m e n ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's l i f e .

A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d as h a v in g a p o lic y i f it m e t
4 T h e t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a l i fo r n i a and R h o d e Is la n d
e it h e r o f the f o llo w in g c o n d itio n s : (1 ) O p e r a te d la te s h ifts at the tim e
do n ot r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s .
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2 ) had f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts .
5 A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d as h a v in g a f o r m a l p la n i f
3
S ch ed u le d w e e k ly h o u rs f o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s ( f i r s t s e c t io n o t e s ta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s o f s ic k le a v e th at
if
ta b le B - 3 ) in s u r v e y s m a d e p r io r to la te 1957 and e a r l y 1958 w e r e
c o u ld be e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . Such a p la n n e e d n o t b e w r it t e n ,
p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f the p r o p o r tio n o f w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s e m ­
but in fo r m a l s ic k - le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is ,
p lo y e d in o f f ic e s w ith the in d ic a te d w e e k ly h o u rs f o r w o m e n w o r k e r s .
w e r e e x c lu d e d .




3

T a b le 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in P r o v i d e n c e , R . I . —M a s s . , x b y m a j o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 M a r c h I 9 6 0
M in im u m

In d u s try d iv is io n

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

W it h in
scop e of
s tu d y 3

W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y

S t u d ie d

S t u d ie d
T ota l 4

A l l d i v i s i o n s ---------------------------------------------------------------

51

7 24

134

1 4 6 ,8 0 0

M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------- ----------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d
o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5 ------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _______________ ________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ---------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e _______
S e r v i c e s 7-----------------------------------------------------------------

51
51

536
188

78
56

1 1 3 ,9 0 0
3 2 ,9 0 0

51
51
51
51
51

29
34
65
34
26

14
6
20
9
7

8 , 600
2 ,6 0 0
1 2 ,6 0 0
6 , 600
2 ,5 0 0

O ffic e

P la n t

T ota l 4

2 0 ,0 0 0

1 0 9 ,3 0 0

6 1 ,1 3 0

1 1 ,4 0 0
8 , 600

9 0 ,4 0 0
1 8 ,9 0 0

4 1 ,2 8 0
1 9 ,8 5 0

1 ,5 0 0
(6)
1 , 100

5 , 600
(6 )
1 0 ,0 0 0

(6)

(J )
( 6)

7 , 680
480
6 , 830
3 ,9 4 0

920

1 T h e P r o v i d e n c e M e t r o p o l i t a n A r e a (C e n t r a l F a l l s , C r a n s t o n , P a w t u c k e t , P r o v i d e n c e , a n d W o o n s o c k e t c i t i e s , a n d 8 t o w n s in P r o v i d e n c e C o u n t y ; N a r r a g a n s e t t a n d
N o r t h K in g s t o n t o w n s in W a s h in g t o n C o u n t y ; W a r w ic k c i t y a n d 3 t o w n s in K e n t C o u n t y ; a ll o f B r i s t o l C o u n t y ; J a m e s t o w n to w n in N e w p o r t C o u n t y , R . I . A l s o A t t l e b o r o c i t y
a n d 8 c o n t i g u o u s t o w n s in B r i s t o l , N o r f o l k a n d W o r c e s t e r C o u n t i e s , M a s s . ) - T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e i n c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r
a r e a e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s t o - m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e
o f the p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 9 5 7 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
M a j o r c h a n g e s f r o m th e e a r l i e r
e d i t i o n (u s e d in th e B u r e a u 's l a b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m p r i o r to the w in t e r o f 1 9 5 8 —5 9 ) a r e th e t r a n s f e r o f m i l k p a s t e u r i z a t i o n p la n t s a n d r e a d y - m i x e d c o n c r e t e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s f r o m t r a d e ( w h o l e s a le o r r e t a i l ) to m a n u fa c t u r i n g a n d th e t r a n s f e r o f r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n b r o a d c a s t i n g f r o m s e r v i c e s to th e t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n ,
a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m - s i z e li m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t le t s ^ w ithin th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e ,
f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m the s e p a r a t e o f f i c e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 R a i l r o a d s w e r e in c lu d e d ; t a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h is i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A a n d B t a b l e s , a lt h o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t to
j u s t i f y s e p a r a t e 'p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a .
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; a n d e n g i n e e r i n g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

T a b le 2 .

I n d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s an d s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s in P r o v id e n c e ,
M a rc h I9 6 0 and M a r c h 1956, and p e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
In d e x e s
( D e c e m b e r 1 95 2 = 1 0 0 )

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s fr o m —

In d u s try an d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p
M a rch I960

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( w o m e n ) ____________________ _____ — ------I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) ------------------------------------------------------S k i ll e d m a in t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ------------ --------------------------------------U n s k i ll e d p la n t ( m e n ) ------ -------------- —------------------------------------

130.
124.
135.
128.

M a n u fa c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) ----------------------------------------------------------I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) --------- ----------------------------------------S k i ll e d m a in t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ____________________________________
U n s k i ll e d p la n t ( m e n ) ________________________________________—

133. 6
123. 9
1 3 4 .0
1 2 1 .6




9
8
0
3

R . I . —M a s s . ,

M a r c h 195 6

M a r c h 195 6
to
M a rch I960

D e c e m b e r 195 2
to
M a r c h 1 95 6

D e c e m b e r 1951
to
D e c e m b e r 1 95 2

0
5
8
5

1 5 .9
9. 0
1 8 .7
16. 1

1 3.
1 4.
1 3.
10.

0
5
8
5

5. 0
5 .4
4. 7
4. 5

1 14 . 0
1 1 5 .4
113. 6
105. 6

1 7. 2
7 .4
17. 9
15. 2

14.
15.
13.
5.

0
4
6
6

3.
4.
4.
4.

113.
114.
113.
110.

1
5
7
7

4

W a g e T r e n d s fo r S e le c t e d

P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s o f s a la r ie s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l
w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , and o f a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c te d
p la n t w o r k e r g ro u p s .

F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the in d e x e s
r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o r m a l h o u rs o f w o r k , th at is ,
the sta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le f o r w h ic h s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g ro u p s , th e y m e a s u r e ch an ges in s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k ­
e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
The* in d e x e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r
s e le c t e d k e y o c c u p a tio n s and in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t
jo b s w ith in e a c h g ro u p . T h e o f f ic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in
the f o llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i l le r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ); b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B; C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ; c le r k s , f i l e ,
c l a s s - A and B; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; k eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s ;
o f f i c e g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s w itc h b o a rd o p e r a ­
t o r s ; s w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t io n is t s ; tab u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ;
t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; and t y p is t s , c la s s A and B .
T h e in d u s tr ia l n u rs e data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s .
M en
in the fo llo w in g 10 s k ille d m a in te n a n c e jo b s and 3 u n s k ille d jo b s w e r e
in c lu d e d in the p la n t w o r k e r data: S k illed-— c a r p e n te r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ;
m a c h in is ts ; m e c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; m illw r ig h t s ; p a in t e r s ;
p ip e f it t e r s ; s h e e t - m e t a l* w o r k e r s ; and to o l and d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d —
ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s ,
and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g ; and
w a tc h m e n .

A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
c om p u ted f o r e a c h o f the s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s . T h e a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e then m u ltip lie d b y the a v e r a g e o f 1953 and
1954 e m p lo y m e n t in the jo b . T h e s e w e ig h te d e a r n in g s f o r in d iv id u a l
o c c u p a tio n s w e r e th en to ta le d to o b ta in an a g g r e g a t e f o r e a c h o c c u p a ­
tio n a l g ro u p .
F in a lly , the r a t io o f th e s e g ro u p a g g r e g a t e s f o r a g iv e n
y e a r to the a g g r e g a t e f o r the b a s e p e r io d (s u r v e y m on th , w in t e r 1952 -5 3 )




O c c u p a tio n a l G r o u p s

w a s c om p u ted and the r e s u lt m u ltip lie d b y th e b a s e y e a r in d e x (1 0 0 ) to
g e t the in d e x f o r the g iv e n y e a r .
A d ju s tm e n ts h a v e b e e n m a d e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y to m a in ta in
c o m p a r a b ilit y . F o r e x a m p le , in m o s t o f the a r e a s s u r v e y e d , r a ilr o a d s
w e r e in c lu d e d in the c o v e r a g e o f the s u r v e y s f o r the f i r s t tim e th is
y e a r . In c o m p u tin g the in d e x e s , d ata r e la t in g to the r a ilr o a d in d u s tr y
w e r e e x c lu d e d .

T h e in d e x e s m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the e f fe c t s o f ( l ) g e n e r a l
s a la r y and w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2 ) m e r i t o r o th e r in c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d
b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e jo b ; and (3 ) ch an ges in the
la b o r f o r c e such as la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c ­
tio n s , and ch an ges in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith d if fe r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n ges in the la b o r f o r c e can
c a u se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t
a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n s io n m ig h t in c r e a s e
the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c i f i c o c c u p a tio n and r e ­
s u lt in a d ro p in the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n
o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w o u ld h a v e the o p p o s ite e f fe c t .
The m ovem en t
o f a h ig h -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a cou ld c a u s e the a v e r a g e
e a r n in g s to d ro p , e v e n though n o ch an ge in r a te s o c c u r r e d in o th e r
a r e a e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

T h e u s e o f c o n sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s the e f fe c t s
o f c h an ges in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b in ­
clu d ed in the d ata.
N o r a r e the in d e x e s in flu e n c e d b y c h a n ges in
sta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e , s in c e th e y
a r e b a s e d on p a y f o r s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r s .
In d e x e s f o r the p e r io d 1953 to 1959 f o r w o r k e r s in 17 m a jo r
la b o r m a r k e ts a p p e a re d in B L S B u ll. 1 2 4 0 -2 2 , W a g e s and R e la te d
B e n e fit s , 20 L a b o r M a r k e t s , W in t e r 1 9 5 8 -5 9 .

A *

O c c u p a t io n a l

5

E a r n in g s

Table A-l. Office Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , P r o v id e n c e , R . I. —M a s s . , M a r c h I9 6 0 )
Average
Number
of
workers

Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
Weekly j
Weekly i 35. 00
hours
and
earnings
(Standard) (Standard) u n d er
40. 00

$ '
$
40. 00 45. 00
45. 00

50. 00

$
50. 00

$
55. 00

$
60. 00

65. 00

$
70. 00

$
75. 00

$
8 0. 00

$
8 5. 00

$
9 0. 00

$
9 5 . 00

$
1 00 .00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

8 0. 00

85. 00

90. 00

9 5. 00

100.00

1 05 .00 1 10 .00 1 1 5 .0 0

15
10

8
8

18
11

4
4

1 0 5 .00 f i o . o o

$
$
115 .00 1 2 0 .00
and
120 .00

over

M en
102
68

39. 5
40. 0

$ 7 8 . 00
78. 00

_

_

___

-

-

1
1

4
4

2
2

13
3

O ffic e b o y s __________ ___________ __ _
__
M a n u fa ctu r in g
__ _ ________ __ __________ _ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
------- __
______
_________

123
85
38

39. 0
39. 0
38. 0

51. 50
51. 50
51. 50

1
1

29
17
12

15
11
4

24
21
3

28
19
9

21
17
4

5
_
5

_
_

_
_

_
_

"

-

74
56

38. 0
37. 0

8 2. 00
83. 50

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

3
3

6
4

4
3

12
7

B i ll e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e )
_ ___ __
M a n u fa ctu r in g __ ___
______ _______ __ _________ _

97
73

39. 5
40. 0

61. 50
64. 00

6
-

2

-

10
10

15
7

19
11

22
22

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e )
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____
_ __
______
_ „
R e t a il t r a d e
__
__
___ ________ ____

39. 0
38. 5
38. 5

53. 50
53. 00
52. 50

_
-

6
6
-

16
16
16

5
5
-

14
13
13

9
7
4

_
_

_

53
50
33

______
__ _ __ _
_ _ _ _ _ _

160
80
80

38. 0
39. 0
37. 5

59. 50
69. 50
49. 50

_
-

-

“

-

47
_
47

36
10
26

2
2

8
5
3

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B
_________ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g ________
_____
__ __
_ ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
____
- _ . .....
_. ...
R e t a il t r a d e ___ _______________ ______ ____________

385
189
196
47

38.
38.
38.
38.

5
5
5
5

52.
52.
52.
50.

50
50
50
50

3
3
3

86
44
42
7

76
16
60
15

103
69
34
5

19
4
15
6

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A _____________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _______ ___________________ ___________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
_______ __________ _ ________ ___
R e t a il t r a d e ________ _____ _ __ ________ _________

235
136
99
39

38.
39.
38.
39.

5
0
0
0

74.
75.
71.
66.

00
50
50
00

-

1
1
1

2
2
2

9
1
8
4

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B _____
... - M a n u fa c t u r in g -------- —
--------- ---------------------------___ __ ____ _ ___ __
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _______
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 __
_ ____ _____ _ __
_ _
R e t a il tr a d e
___
___
____
_____ __ ._ __ _

483
184
299
54
110

38.
39.
38.
38.
38.

5
0
0
5
5

54.
60.
51.
58.
48.

50
50
00
00
00

24
24
15

58
3
55
3
13

97
18
79
10
34

75

C le r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A ______________ _ ____ ______
M a n u fa ctu rin g ______ ____________________
________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __ ________
_________
___ ___

148
51
97

38. 0
39. 5
37. 5

58. 50
58. 50
59. 00

-

15
15

C le r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B _____ _____ I _ __
__ __
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______ _ ___ _____
__ ________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __ ____________
__ __ _

3 94
201
193

38. 5
39. 0
37. 5

47. 50
47. 50
48. 00

141
72
69

C le r k s , o r d e r _________ ___
M a n u fa c t u r in g ________

_________ ______ _
______________________

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __ ________________

__

____

1
1

16
16

2
2

7
-

-

-

-

_
_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

.
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
12

6
3

5
1

_

10
10

1
1

_

-

6
5

"

3
3

2
2

19
19

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

_
-

_
_

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
-

_
_

_
-

_
_

_
-

-

3
3
-

-

"

-

25
23
2

15
15
-

16
16
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

58
45
13
11

15
7
8
"

17
3
14
-

8
1
7

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

9
4
5
4

23
5
18
6

40
19
21
8

40
33
7
6

22
20
2

49
8
31

71
39
32
10
9

64
39
25
12
2

40
24
16
1
4

38
27
11
3
2

9
2
7
7
-

14
1
13

27
16
11

36
19
17

5
3
2

25
5
20

19
7
12

1
1

109
52
57

84
66
18

31
11
20

1

8

10

_

—

11
r ~

W om en

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A
M a n u fa ctu r in g __ ___________
___
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____
_________ _
_

__ _

_

_

10
10

26

-

n
11
-

_

_
-

"

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
-

-

-

"

-

-

_

_
-

_

-




-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

-

-

35
25
10
2

25
17
8
3

16
12
4

9
9
3

4
4
-

-

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_
-

_

7
------ £ —

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

5

_

-

-

-

_
-

5

-

1
1

_

_

-

_

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

"
_
-

-

_

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

8

10

"

~

■

“

"

"

"

“

”

“

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .

NOTE:

_

_
-

E s t im a t e s f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s , n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g , and p u b lic u t ilit ie s in c lu d e data f o r r a il r o a d s (SIC 40), o m it t e d f r o m
the s c o p e o f a ll la b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y s m a d e b e f o r e the w in t e r o f 1 9 5 9 -6 0 .
W h ere s ig n ific a n t , the e f f e c t o f the
in c lu s io n o f r a il r o a d s is g r e a t e s t on the data sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly f o r the p u b lic u t ilit ie s d iv is io n .
T h e tr e n d o f e a r n in g s
in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s in a ll in d u s t r ie s , e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s , a p p e a r s in ta b le 2.

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , P r o v id e n c e , R . I. — a s s . , M a r c h I96 0 )
M
Avebaqb
Number
of
workers

S ex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
Weekly . Weekly . 35. 00
and
hours * earnings
(Standard) (Standard) u n d er
40. 00

1

$

$
40. 00

$
45. 00

$
50. 00

$
55. 00

$
60. 00

$
65. 00

$
70. 00

$
75. 00

45. 00

50. 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

8 0. 00

8 5. 00

31
30
1
-

18
9
9
2

34
— 13
21
-

28
28
-

5
5
-

-

78
75
3

36
29
7

38
38
-

-

-

-

13
13
-

_
-

80. 00 I s . 00
90. 00

$90. 00 * 9 5 .0 0 f o o . o o
9 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0

f 0 5 .0 0 f 1 0i00 f 15 .0 0 f 2 0 .0 0
and
1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0

over

W o m e n — C on tin u ed
C le r k s , o r d e r
_____
_
__ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g
.
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __
__
R e t a il t r a d e
__ _____ __

__ __ __
_ .
__
______
____
_ __
______

_
_
-

1
1
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

-

-

-

-

29
27
2
"

]0
10
-

1
1
"

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
~

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
“

119
72
47
2

69
41
28
"

50
31
19
10

10
2
8
1

44
32
12
1

_
_
_

2
2
-

2
2
-

"

6
1
5
-

50
37
13
2

43
40
3
-

4
1
3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

-

4
4
-

_
-

10
3
7
7
-

8
8
8
-

1
1
1
-

6
2
4
4
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

"

58
33
25

21
13
8

8
8

_
-

4
4

"

-

_
-

2
2

19
10
9

15
7
8

23
20
3

1
1

_
-

17
4
13

15
15
"

16
14
2

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

“

“

-

28
23
5

56
45
11

52
50
2

1
1
"

4
4

2
2
“

_
-

344
271
73
32

39.
39.
38.
38.

5
5
5
5

$57.
58.
55.
47.

50
00
50
00

3
3
3

22
1
21
9

52
40
12
12

87
81
6
6

63
63
-

449
38?
63
34

39.
39.
38.
38.

0
0
5
5

63.
64.
58.
52.

50
50
50
00

_
-

21
17
4
4

52
28
24
14

89
77
12

-

3
3
3

11

90
85
5
2

144
66
78
46

38.
39.
38.
38.

5
0
0
0

62.
66.
59.
50.

50
50
00
50

6
6
6

9
9
9

16
16
15

14
7
7
4

18
15
3
1

16
10
6
1

19
9
10
8

15
12
3
-

16
16
2

300
134
166
28

38.
40.
37.
38.

5
0
0
0

59.
61.
57.
67.

00
50
00
50

_
_

5
5

"

-

47
47
1

47
13
34
4

73
42
31
1

52
39
13
2

40
25
15
4

25
11
14
14

4
4
1

6
4
2
1

39. 0
4 0. 0
38. 5

46. 50
45. 50
4 7. 00

_

44
21
23

10
3
7

9
8

2
2

_
"

1
1

_
-

1
1

_
-

1

3
2
1

900
576
324
26

38.
39.
37.
37.

5
0
5
5

73.
74.
72.
77.

50
00
50
50

18
_
18
-

13
_
13
1

12
4
8
1

51
16
35
2

170
130
40
3

103
78
25
4

101
74
27
1

130
93
37

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ____
__
___
M a n u fa ctu r in g
__
_
_____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____
_ _
_ _______
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
__
_
__
__ ___

808
403
405
47

38.
39.
38.
38.

5
5
0
5

60.
62.
57.
70.

00
50
50
50

_
-

87
“ IT
71
“

84
22
62
"

65
30
35
2

143
69
74
2

171
126
45
2

81
48
33
4

76
14
62
35

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2
R e t a il t r a d e __ __

174
48
126
29
59

39.
40.
38.
39.
37.

0
0
5
0
5

56.
6 l.
54.
72.
47.

50
50
50
50
50

14
14
14

10
1
9
9

30
1
29
6

15
1
14
11

41
14
27
6
19

31
21
10
1
-

7
5
2
1

347
273
74

39. 0
39. 5
38. 0

58. 00
57. 50
61. 00

_
-

_
-

69
69
*

58
42
16

42
25
17

87
79
8

62
37
25

38. 5
39. 5
37. 5

71. 50
72. 50
70. 00

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

"

2
2

84
36
48

38. 5
40. 0
37. 0

56. 50
63. 00
52. 00

_
-

3
3

16
1
15

16
1
15

227
163
64

38. 5
39. 5
37. 0

57. 50
60. 00
51. 50

14
10
4

43
9
34

27
19
8

C le r k s , p a y r o l l __ _
__
M a n u fa ctu r in g
__
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_
R e t a il t r a d e - _ ____

_ __ _
__ ___________
______
______ _

_ ____

C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s
__ _______ __ __ ___
M a n u fa ctu r in g
..........................
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_
____
___
_____ __
R e t a il t r a d e
_ ___ _
K ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r s
________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
__ __
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
__
___
O ffic e g i r l s __ ___ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __

__

_ __ _

_

__ —

_
_

____

_

70
34
36

__

S e c r e t a r ie s _ _ _ _ _
_
___ ____
M a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
__ __
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ________ __

-------_______ _

....... .
__
_

_
_____
_ _ _ _ _
__
__ _

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_
__
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
— _ ____ _

__ _ _ _
_____
_

_ __

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B
M a n u fa ctu r in g _
_
—
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
---------

_________ —
— _

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C
_
M a n u fa ctu r in g __
__
_
_ _
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __
___ ____
_ _ _
T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l __
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_
_
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____
_

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t end o f ta b le .




__

_

-

__

_
_
-

_

7

-

'

-

_
-

1
-

-

-

“

_
_
-

.
_
-

_
_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

.
_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

1
1
1
-

_
-

_
-

-

“

-

_
"

_
-

_

_

_
-

“

“

~

“

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
~

_
"

_
-

~
_
•

-

-

.

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

"

-

"

_
“

_

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

'

'

'

‘

'

7

Table A -l. Office Occupatbns-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P r o v id e n c e , R . I. — a s s . , M a r c h I9 6 0 )
M

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Number
of

S ex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Weekly i Weekly j
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

$
35. 00
and
u n d er
40. 00

$
40. 00
45. 00

$
$
45. 00 50. 00

$
$
55. 00 60. 00

65. 00

$
70. 00

$
75. 00

$
80. 00

Is.

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90 . 00

2
1
1

5
4
1

_

60. 00

50. 00

55. 00

105
40
65

82
78
4

98
98
-

54
53
1

24
24
"

33
30
3

149
96
53
16

142
70
72
7

51
27
24
7

15
8
7

3

_
-

-

3

“

“

00

$

90 . 00 $9 5 .0 0

$
1 00 .00 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .00 1 15 .00

9 5 . 00 1 0 0 .0 0

105 .00 1 1 0 .0 0

1 15 .00 1 20 .00

$

1 2 0 .00
and
over

W om en — -C ontinued
T y p is t s , c l a s s A
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --------

_
------

— _

_

484
368
116

--------

T y p is t s , c l a s s B
__ __
—
—
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________
______
— ----N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
__ __ __
— —
__
R e t a il t r a d e ______
— _____________
_____

_ —
-----

1, 038
519
519
49

38. 5
39. 5
36. 5
38.
40.
37.
38.

5
0
5
5

$ 5 8 . 50
60. 50
53. 00
48.
49.
47.
51.

00
00
50
00

_

_

-

-

-

"

78
40
38

33

341
148
193
2

304
170
134
14

-

33
3

-

”

1

2

_

-

-

-

1

2

"

_

_

-

-

-

“

“

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

"

"

"

_

_

>

-

-

"

_

-

-

-

"

'

-

-

"

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P r o v id e n c e , R . I. — a s s . , M a r c h I9 6 0 )
M

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d i v is i o n

Number
e
rf
workers

Weekly 1 Weekly 1
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

U n der
$
55. 00

f>5. 00
and
u n d er
60. 00

? 0 . 00

? 5 . 00

$
70. 00

$
75. 00

8 0. 00

§5 . 00

90 . 00 *95.0 0 f o o . o o f o 5 . 00 f i o . o o

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

8 0. 00

8 5. 00

9 0. 00

9 5. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0

? 1 5 .0 0 f2 0 .0 0

? 2 5 .0 0

? 3 0 .0 0 ?3 5 .0 0
and
1 3 5 .0 0

over

M en

D r a fts m e n , s e n i o r -------- ------------ — --------------------- _
M a n u fa c t u r in g _______ ______
______ __ _ — ------

248
229

39. 5
40. 0

$
106. 00
107. 50

"

"

-

-

10
10

-

10
8

13
11

37
26

17
15

34
33'

D ra fts m e n , ju n io r __________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_ ___
— ________
__ _____

147
143

40. 0
40. 0

8 3. 50
84. 00

1
”

1
-

2
1

13
12

9
9

34
34

25
25

20
20

13
13

11
11

92
82

4 0. 0
40. 0

73. 00
72. 50

7
5

4
4

14
13

10
10

15
14

12
12

6
4

18
16

4
2

1
1

30
30

13
13

13
13

15
15

1
1

_

_

1
1

_

_

27
27

17
17

14
14

12
12
_

_

_

“

"

"

2
2

_

_

_

W om en

N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l (r e g i s t e r e d )
__
M a n u fa c t u r in g _____ _______ — —

__

__
---------- _

1 S tandard h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
NOTE:

S ee n o te on p . 5, r e la t iv e to the in c lu s io n o f r a il r o a d s .




_

■

8
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o cc u p a tio n s - s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , P r o v id e n c e , K. I .--M a s s . , M a r c h I9 6 0 )

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in te n a n ce __ ___
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____
_____
___

__

217
174
43

Average
hourly x
earnings

20
and
u n d er
1. 30

$ 2 . 21
2. 14
2. 48

$
1. 30

$
1. 40

$
1. 50

$
1. 60

$
1. 70

$
1. 80

$
1. 90

1. 40

1. 50

1. 60

1. 70

1. 80

1 .9 0

6
6
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

66
60
6
-

16
12
4
“

33
33
-

43
42
1
1

16
14
2
2

15
10
5
5

45
38
7
7

9
8
1
1

17
10
7
7

12
9
3
3

2
1
1
1

-

"

_
-

25
_
25

32
2
30

36
36

_
_

9
8

_
-

-

36
l6
20

1

-

_
-

_
-

15
15

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_

5
5

2
2
-

10
2
8

1
1
-

_
-

"

-

52
52
-

9
7
2

3
2

"

15
11
4

1

5
5

-

14
11
3

40
37
3

74
68
6

112
112
-

15
12
3

8
2
6

_
-

10
10
“

13
12
1

13
4
9

16
16

23
12
11

6
6

_
-

48
48

68
67
1
j

57
57

19
11
8
8

15
14 —

22
12
10
10

21

_
_

20
20

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

19
19

29
29

37
37

9
9

1
1

-

-

2
2

2
2

-

1

8
4

20
20
15
15
-

2
_
2

3
3

38
35

1. 90
1 .8 7
2. 12
2. 18

14
13
1

191
191

2. 24
2. 24

_

586
580

2. 33
2. 33

M e c h a n ic s , a u t o m o tiv e (m a in t e n a n c e ) —
M a n u fa c t u r in g _____
__ _
_
____
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g __
_
___
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
__
__ —

189
35
154
133

2.
2.
2.
2.

M e c h a n ic s , m a in t e n a n c e
--------- __
____
M a n u fa ctu r in g —
_ ______ _
____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_ _
___
_ ___ __

391
345
46

2. 27
2. 21
2. 75

_

M illw r ig h t s ___ ________ ____
M a n u fa c t u r in g __
_____ __

123
123

2. 16
2. 16

1
1

_

“

-

2
2

_

_

_

T
17

5
5

8
r~

1
4
4

-

81
81

-

62
62

69
69

36
36

42
41

34
34

51
51

20
20

77
77

43
43

19
19
4
4
-

8
_
8

.
_
-

-

19

2
2

_
-

-

-

"

-

"

17

_

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

9
4
5
5

12
2
10
10

42
42
42

10
4
6
6

8
8
8

11
11
11

16
7
9
3

38
1
37
37

13
2
11
11

_
-

-

3
_
3
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

12
12

-

-

-

8
8
“

60
60

-

8
8
-

88
87
1

8
8
-

22
21
1

16
16
-

31
31
-

42
38
4

65
48
17

8
6
2

2

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

1
1

15
15

38
38

6
6

23
23

4
4

13
13

4
4

8
8

2
2

_
-

7
6

9
8

2
2

11
11

-

158
156

1. 65
1. 64

52
52

86
72

2. 11
2. 08

123
121

11
11
_

-

-

_
_

-

_
_
_

16
16
_
_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

19

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

"

-

-

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

5
5

31
31

14
14

8
8

_

_

_

9
6

12
12

1
1

22
20

5
4

2
2

2
1

_

_

-

16
14

_

-

4
4

_

-

1
-

"

-

-

"

12
8

2. 27
2. 26

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

18
18

14
14

25
25

4
4

7
7

2
2

21
21

16
16

3
3

_

-

3
3

3
1

40
38

2. 29
2. 28

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

4
4

5
5

2
1

-

6
5

8
8

_

"

1
1

_

-

10
10

_

-

"

2
2

347
347

2. 83
2. 83

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

*
*

-

-

-

-

15
15

17
17

23
23

52
52

3
3

12
12

17
17

30
30

-

10
----- 6~“
4
-

2

17
17

"

_
-

-

-

S ee n o te o n p. 5, r e l a t i v e to the in c lu s io n o f r a ilr o a d s ,

_
-

15
15

_

-

>

-

71
71

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w f 2k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 A l l w o r k e r s w e r e a t $1 to $ 1 . 10
4 E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in j e w e l r y m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s .




12
12
-

16
16
-

298

NOTE:

33
14
19

_
_

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in te n a n ce
M a n u fa ctu r in g __ __
____

__

4
4
-

59
53
6

-

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s 4
________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ________ _
_ ________

2. 90

12
12
-

-

15
15

S h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s , m a in t e n a n c e -------------M a n u fa ctu r in g __ ___
__
_ _ __
___

2, 80

27
27
-

_
_

_
-

over

2. 70

36
36
-

-

-

3. 30

2. 10

23
22
1
~

-

$
3. 30
and

23
23
“

35
35
-

_
-

_ ______________
_
__
_____

3. 20

3. 20

2. 00

12
8
4
-

3 33
30
3

P ip e fit t e r s , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------ _

3. 10

$

36
29
7

1
_
1
-

1. 91
1. 84
2. 31

__ _

3. 00

3. 10

10
10
-

393
329
64

_______________
_

2. 60

$

-

F ir e m e n , s t a t io n a r y , b o i l e r __ _______
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________________ _
___ __ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
—

P a in t e r s , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___ __

2. 50

$
3. 00

_
_
-

_ ________
_ _______

2, 40

$
2. 90

-

6
6

O i l e r s __ ___________
_____
M a n u fa ctu r in g _ _ _ _

2. 30

2. 80

-

-

_ ___
_________

_JL_20

$

-

_
_

38
61
33
28

$
2. 70

"

2. 33
2. 09
2. 63

___ ' _
_

$
2. 60

-

317
178
139

_

$
2. 50

-

E n g in e e r s , s t a t io n a r y ____ _ ___
M a n u fa ctu r in g
__
__ __ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
___

M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e __
M a n u fa ctu r in g __ _

$
2. 40

-

_
-

M a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____ _____
______

$
2. 30

-

29
26
51
71

_

$
2. 20

-

2.
2.
2.
2.

__

$
2. 10

-

366
319
47
27

P nK lir ntilitiAC ^

2. 00

9
5
4

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n ce — __ __ ____
M a n u fa c t u r in g ______
__ _ _____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_____
_
_ _____
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________________

__

$

-

-

1

_

_

1

"

-

5
5

1
1

_

-

_

1
38
38

70
70

8
8

1

“

"

30
30

32
32

-

9

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P r o v id e n c e , R. I . —M a s s ., M a r c h I9 6 0 )

NUMBER OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O cc u p a tio n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Avenge
hourly 2
earnings

$
1. 00
and
u n d er
1. 10

$
1. 10

$
1. 20

$
1. 30

$
1. 40

1. 20

1. 30

1. 40

1. 50

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r ( w o m e n ) _______
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
_
__ _
R e t a il t r a d e . . .
_ __ ___

61
59
49

$ 1 . 13
1. 12
1. 07

26
26
26

24
24
23

-

G u a rd s
_
_ _ _ _ _
_
__ __
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_
___
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------------------------

175
72
103

1. 51
1. 77
1. 32

42
42

3
3
"

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s (m en )
----- _
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_
_ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
______ __ _____
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3
__ _
_ _
__ _
R e t a il t r a d e
_
___
________

1. 129
839
290
57
131

1. 45
1. 44
1. 49
1 .8 6
1. 31

85
79
6
3

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s (w o m e n ) ______
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________ __
_
__ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
— _
__ _

231
94
137

1. 28
1. 41
1. 19

1.
1.
2.
2.
1.

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g
_
M a n u fa ctu r in g
__
— _
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __
____
_
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3
__
_ _
R e t a il t r a d e
_
_ __
_
_

_ _ _
—
_ __
_

1, 282
807
475
203
113

$

1. 90

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2. 60

9
9
“

31
21
10

11
11
-

b
~

10
10

8
8
-

133
80
53
49

196
172
24
1
16

146
63
83
8
30

103
99
4
_
2

159
152
7
1
2

98
69
29
1
28

60
35
25
2

26
15
11
11
-

16
3
13
4
"

72
42
30
24

19
14
5
5

15
11
4

108
9
99

35
6
29

13
13

37
37
“

6
6
-

-

-

8
8
“

2
2

82
68
05
28
81

34
15
19
_
19

1
1
1

26
10
16
_
16

23
15
8
_
3

107
105
2
_

-

45
32
13

32
5
27

-

-

60
35
25

28
22
6
6

89
72
17
3

107
99
8

-

-

21
21

10
10

19
19

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

50
42
8

32
31
1

45
17
28

12
11
1

16
16
“

33
33
-

42
42

17
10
7
4
4

“

-

-

16
16

"

“

13
12
1

262
224
38

1. 80
1. 73
2. 20

-

-

-

1
-

16
16

158
124
34

1. 80
1. 79
1. 84

_
-

1
_
-

1

6
6

1
1

15
15

-

2
_
2

2. 70

_

_

_

_

-

"

"

5
5

-

-

"

-

_

-

-

2. 70
and
over

“

-

-

"

_
126
_
126
75
50

_

_

-

-

-

“

"

"

16
16
_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

.
_

_
_

35
35
_

27
26
1
_

-

-

-

193
193
128
-

58
23
35

1
1
-

-

12
10
2

2
2
"

5
5

46
12
34

8
8

-

-

103
103
-

49
49
_

18
18
_

4
4
_

21
21
_

24
24
_

1
1
-

_
-

11
11
-

-

~

"

"

_

_

_

_

_

“

4
4

“

“

“

“

27
16
11

5
3
2

4
4
“

.
“

5
5

_

_
-

”

“

24
24
"

34
34

7
2
5

2
1
1

23
23

.

.

-

-

-

20
17
3

2
2

16
16

11
10

11
11

_
-

22
15
7

66
— 5F“
-

-

-

20
20
_

_

"

_
_

1

48
45
3

$

2. 60

212
178
34
_
13

-

60
------- 6 0 “
-

$

-

70
70

1. 72
1. 70
1. 79

-

6

40
20
20

“

_

“

78
50
28
_

225
173
52

-

1

_

211
190
21
_

27
25

6
-------- g—

_

-

189
163
26
_
11

84
75

65
65
-

_

-

89
83

-

_

7
2
5

1. 20
1. 21




$
2. 50

3
"

260
243

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t end o f ta b le .

$
2. 40

3

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (w o m e n ) ___________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g
__
—
__

Shipping and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s
M a n u fa ctu rin g __
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __ __

$
2. 30

15
5
10

37
22
15
15

-----

$
2. 20

26
1
25

42
33
9
9

__

$
2. 10

6
6

83
77
6
6

-----

$
2. 00

-

60
62
35
24

—

1. 90

_

1.
1.
1.
1.

_

$
1. 80

_

748
687~
61
40

Shipping c l e r k s
—
M a n u fa ctu r in g
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __

1. 80

$

-

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g ( m e n ) __________ — ______
M a n u fa ctu rin g ____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __
_ _ _
__ _
R e t a il t r a d e ____ —
__
—
_ _

____

1. 70

1. 70

"

1. 65
1. 58
1. 75

—
-------__
_
_ __

1. 60

$

2
-

379
210
169

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s
—
M a n u fa ctu rin g
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

1. 60

9
9
"

O rd er fille r s
_
_ _
___ ____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _ _ _ _ _ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
__
__ _ __

_

$
1. 50

_

“

_
-

“

“
2
2

_
_

_
“
_

"

~

_
-

_
-

10

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , P r o v id e n c e , R . I. —M a s s . , M a r c h I9 6 0 )

NUMBER OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

T r u c k d r iv e r s 4
____
_
___ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3
R e t a il t r a d e __
__ ____ __

__
____
_ __
____

T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d e r IV 2 t o n s ) —
M a n u fa ctu r in g ----- —
----_ _

1, 056
324
732
295
122

Average
hourly
earnings

$2.
1.
2.
2.
2.

$1. 00
and
u n d er
1. 10

19
80
36
34
27

$1. 10
"

*1. 20
-

$1. 30

1. 20

1. 30

1. 40

-

16
16

6

-

“

37
28
9
3

-

6
6

18
12

5
5

6
"

-

-

_

$
1. 40
-

*1. 50
-

$ 1 .6 0

1. 50

1. 60

1. 70

39
36
3
-

41
38
3
-

-

30
28

6

_

„

-

-

34
25
9

1. 51
1. 54

"

388
177
211

2. 02
1. 81
2. 20

_

19
16

-

3

11
11
“

427
380
181

2. 47
2. 52
2. 34

-

-

-

-

46

2. 22

-

-

402
353
49

1. 90
1. 83
2. 38

-

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o t h e r than f o r k li ft )
__ _ __
M a n u fa ctu r in g __ __ __
_
______

114
104

1. 6 6
1. 61

W a tch m en __ ________ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g __ __
___
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _ _ _ _ _
R e t a il t r a d e _
--------- —

740
514
226
33

1.
1.
1.
1.

30
28
2
~

~

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s,
t r a il e r ty p e ) ________
_____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
—
----P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3
------

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s,
o t h e r than t r a il e r ty p e )
-

T r n r k f» r s ,

p r> w «r ( f o r k l i f t )

M a n u fa ctu rin g —
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

__
_

.

____

----------

-

------

__ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_______ _______

_____

_____
-----— _ __
_ ---------- —

42
49
25
40

_

S ee n o te on p .




5, r e l a t i v e to the in c lu s io n o f r a il r o a d s .

3

*1. 80
-

*1. 90
-

1. 90

2. 00

$
2. 00

$2. 10

$2. 30

2. 30

2. 40

40
40
-

44
11
33
8
22

369
369
284
“

84
40
44
3
-

81
8
73
70

-

”

2
2

“

105

67
32
35

6
6
“

2. 10

1
1

6
6

30
30
“

13
13

51
20
31

16
16
“

-

-

-

7
6

-

-

-

-

64
64

-

123
123

“

“

"

■

“

181
181
181

3
3

"

“

“

“

"

5

3

-

3

5

3

3

6

9

-

3

2
2

12
11

44

-

12

16
-

-

32

16

39
39
“

-

1

“

“

_

_

_

_

_

~

“

"

“

“

-

-

-

■

4

“

2
2

_

2
2

2

2
2

34
6
28

”

31

3

-

-

20
20

“

”

-

4
4
”

48
48
“

88
88

~

"

56
56
"

49
49
"

~

“

24
24
"

_

.

_

20
20

32
32

10
10

8
8

8
8

6
6

4
4

12
12

4

89

105

68
21

100

162
156
6

21
21

54
42

8
8

!
-

-

12

-

1

29
29

22
22
-

10

77
74
3
3

8

5

over

11
11

"

_

25
19
6

2. 70

2. 60

2. 70
and

6
6

-

_

142
142

-

"

-

-

2. 50

*2. 50
-

22
22
-

5
2
3
-

%

"

-

$ 40
2.

$
2. 60

*2. 20
"

2. 20

-

62
22
40
12

11
"

“

“

1 D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 I n c lu d e s a l l d r i v e r s r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .
5 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 120 at $ 2 . 80 to $ 2 . 9 0; 6 at $ 2 . 90 and o v e r .
NOTE:

1. 80

54
33
21
9

-

97
75

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m (I V 2 to and
in clu d in g 4 t o n s )
__ — _ _
M a n u fa c t u r in g ______
___ __ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
— „

$1. 70

3

12

4

3

10

4
4
-

-

105

-

1
1

_

5 126
126
_
-

-

_

_

-

-

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

11

Table B-l. Shift Differentials
( P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r s h i ft w o r k , a n d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
'a c t u a l ly o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i ft s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l , P r o v i d e n c e , R . I . —M a s s . , M a r c h I 9 6 0 )
In e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —
T h ir d o r o t h e r
S e c o n d s h ift
w ork
s h i ft w o r k

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

T o t a l __ __

-

_

_ ________

_

____

_
_

__ „

73. 2

7lfz

__ _____________

_____________

1 4. 1

_________ 7^6_________

5 8 .9

9 .5

7. 0

40. 1
8. 2
5 .5
3. 3
4. 1
2. 1
4. 4
1 1 .9
. 6
11. 0
1. 1
1 .0
8 .9
1. 0

U n ifo r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) ___ ___ _ ______ ___ _______
_
3 c e n t s ___________________ __________________________________
4 c e n t s __________ ___ __________________________ ________________
5 c e n t s __________ _________ _____
_ __ _____________ __
6 c e n t s ____ _
____ ____
__ _____ _
7 cen ts
___ __ . ______________________
c e n t s ____________
8 c e n t s ___ ___________
__
_
_ _ _ _ _ _
10 c e n t s . ...
.
_
12 c e n t s ___________________________________ _________ _ __
15 c e n t s _______________________________________________ ___
U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e __ __ _ __ ____ ________ ___________
5 p e r c e n t --------------__---------------------------- --------------------------------- _
_
7 p e r c e n t ______________________ ____________________ ________
10 p e r c e n t
____________ _ ______ ___________ __________
15 p e r c e n t ___ _______________________
_________________
O t h e r f o r m a l p a id d i f f e r e n t i a l ____________ _______ __ _

64. 8

52. 1

__

W ith s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ________________________________________

N o s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ________

In e s t a b l is h m e n t s a c t u a ll y
o p e r a tin g —
T h ir d o r o t h e r
S e c o n d s h i ft
s h i ft

42. 6
1. 0
3. 2
2. 3
14. 5
3. 3
1 1. 0
2. 4
4 .9
1 3 .9
1. 1
1. 0
1 0. 1
1. 7
2 .4

7. 6
2. 7
1. 0
1. 0
. 7
. 5
. 7
.8
. 2
1. 7
. 1
1. 6
. 2

6. 1
. 3
. 7
3. 1
. 6
.6
.4
.4
.8
. 1
. 7
-

4. 6

. 6

21. 1

1
I n c l u d e s e s t a b l is h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e
e v e n th o u g h t h e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s .

5 ,9

s h i f t s , a n d e s t a b l is h m e n t s

w ith f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s

c o v e r i n g la t e

s h i ft s

Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W orkers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , P r o v i d e n c e , R . I . —M a s s . , M a r c h I 9 6 0 )
O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s

I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c t u r in g
M in im u m w e e k l y s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u s t r i e s

E s t a b li s h m e n t s s t u d ie d ____________________________________________
E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m
$ 3 2 . 50
$ 3 5 . 00
$ 3 7 . 50
$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 5 0 . 00
$ 5 2 . 50
$ 5 5 . 00
$ 5 7 . 50
$ 6 0. 00
$ 6 2 . 50

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
A ll
in H n otri ar

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u rs 3 o f—
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

134

78

XXX

79

39

33

A ll
s c h e d u le s

1
1
5
17
4
7

37Vz

56

XXX

XXX

40

12

16

_

_

1
2
2
1

_

10
2

3

3

134

78

XXX

74

33

29

_
_

-

_

12
8
8

10
5
7

3

3

3

-

-

-

1
1
7
30
9
10
4

4
4
1
1
1
2

2

-

3

-

-

_

_

2
1
1

2

3

2
3

1

-

1
1
1

1
1
1

_
_

_
_

_

1

-

29

23

XXX

6

XXX

26

16

XXX

10

XXX

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m _
E s t a b li s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y ____________________________________________________

-

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

_

1
1
5
29
12
15

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

|

B a s e d o n sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

_

u n d e r $ 3 5 . 00 ______________________________________
u n d e r $ 3 7 . 50 ______________________________________
u n d e r $ 4 0 . 00 ______________________________________
u n d e r $ 4 2 . 5 0 _____________________________________
u n d e r $ 4 5 . 00
___________________________________
u n d e r $ 4 7 . 5 0 _____________________________________
u n d e r $ 5 0 . 00 ______________________________________
u n d e r $ 5 2 . 50 _________________________________
u n d e r $ 5 5 . 00 _________________________________
u n d e r $ 5 7 . 50
________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 0 . 00 _________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 2 . 50
_______________________________ _
o v e r ____________________________________________ ____

1
2
3

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

_________________

1

_

_

_

_

-

-

12
5
5
4
1

11

3

3

-

-

1

4
1
2
1
1

2
1
-

XXX

25

XXX

35

3
4
4
1

37V2

40

56

XXX

XXX

41

12

16

1
1
7
18
4
5

_

-

3
2
1

-

3

12
2
1
-

-

-

2
1
1

2

-

-

1

-

2
1
-

-

-

-

1

-

1

19

X XX

6

XXX

XXX

26

XXX

9

XXX

XXX

L o w e s t s a l a r y r a t e f o r m a l l y e s t a b l is h e d f o r h i r in g i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r t y p in g o r o t h e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
R a te s a p p lic a b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o f f ic e g ir ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a r e n ot c o n s id e r e d .
H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s . D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n w o r k w e e k s

NOTE:

S e e n o t e o n p . 1 2,




r e l a t i v e t o th e i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s .

_

-

rep orted .

12

Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , P r o v i d e n c e , R . I. —M a s s . , M a r c h I 9 6 0 )

PLANT WORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S
W e e k ly H o u rs

A ll w o rk e r s

All .
industries

______________________________________________

U n d e r 35 h o u r s ______________________________________ __
3 5 h o u r s ___________________________________________________
O v e r 35 a n d u n d e r 367 * h o u r s _____________________
3 6 V4 h o u r s __________ __________________________________
O v e r 3 67 * h o u r s a n d u n d e r 377z h o u r s __________
h o u r s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3772 h o u r s a n d u n d e r 3 8 3/4 h o u r s --------------3 8 3/4 h o u r s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 8 3/ 4 h o u r s a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s ____________
4 0 h o u r s ___________________________________________________
O ver
h ou rs and u n d er
hours
_____________
h o u r s ___________________________________________________
45 h o u r s ____________________________________ ____________
h o u r s ___________________________________________________
h o u r s ______________________________________________
O ver
h o u r s ________________________________________

3 7 l/z

44

46
4 7 l/z

40

44

4 7 1/z

Manufacturing

100

100

( 4)
4
( 4)
5
6
21
2
6

-

56

-

( 4)
3

-

( 4)
10
1
8
78

-

Public ,
utilities

100

.
2

-

2

-

76

-

20

-

Retail trade

Financef

AH ,
industries

Manufacturing

100

100

100

-

2

2

11
8
17
9
5

( 4)
1

( 4)

( 4)
( 4)

( 4)

79
3
2

81
3
2

-

-

50

-

4

3
( 4)
5

_
_

4

3

-

4

!
1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




NOTE:

E s t i m a t e s f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s in c lu d e d a ta f o r r a i l r o a d s (S IC 4 0 ) , o m it t e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f a l l l a b o r m a r k e t
w a g e s u r v e y s m a d e b e f o r e th e w in t e r o f 1 9 5 9 - 6 0 .
W h e r e s i g n i f i c a n t , th e e f f e c t o f th e in c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s is g r e a t e s t o n th e
d a t a s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r th e p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s d i v i s i o n .

Public »
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

.
_
_
_
-

4
_
_
4

98

-

2

_
-

7
6

4
64

3

_
4
4

13
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , P r o v i d e n c e , R . I . —M a s s . , M a r c h I 9 6 0 )

OFFICE WORKERS
All ,
industries

Item

---------------------------------------------------------------------

A ll w o r k e r s

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o lid a y s ---------------------- --------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id h o l id a y s _____________________________________

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

88

97

98

97

89

(4 )

“

~

12

3

2

3

11

(4 )
2
6
(4)
10
(4 )
13
29
7
18
3
11

(4 )
3
10
(4 )
17
( 4)
22
34
12
1

-

_
-

3
1
21
3
19
1
19
20
4
4

3
2
24
4
22
1
22
15
5

Number of days
5 h o l id a y s o r l e s s _____________________________________
5 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ---------------------------------------6 h o l id a y s _______________________________________________
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ----------------------------------------7 h o lid a y s _____________________ _________________________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ----------------------------------------8 h o l id a y s _______________________________________________
9 h o l id a y s --------- -----------------------------------------------------------9 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ---------------------------------------10 h o l id a y s _ --------- ----------------------------------------------------10 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y -----------------------------------11 h o l id a y s _____________________________________________

7

-

12

-

8

-

4
72

-

1

-

-

(4 )

-

39
42

■

-

(4 )
(4 )

4
4
76
80
80
88
88
88
88
88
88

4
9
29

-

4

,
i

_
-

7

-

21

4
5
65

67

8

9

-

-

-

■

'

Total holiday time5
11 d a y s __ _______________________________________________
IOV2 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________
10 o r m o r e d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------9 V 2 o r m o r e d a y s _____________________________________
9 o r m o r e d a y s _____________________________________
8 o r m o r e d a y s _____________________________________
o r m o r e d a y s --------------------------------------------------7 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________
6 V2 o r m o r e d a y s __________________________________
6 o r m o r e d a y s _____________________________________
5 V2 o r m o r e d a y s __________________________________
5 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________
1 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________

1%

1
2
3
4
5
days, 6

11
14
32
39
68
81
81
91
92
97
99
99
99

_

-

1
14
47
69
70

80
87
97
100
100
100

_
42
81
81
93
93
93
100
100
100
100
100
100

_

48
49
68
71
92
94
94
97

_

5
20
42
43
65
69
93
95
96
98

-

_
-

67
67
87
87
87
97
97
97
97
97
97

8
8
73
79
79
82
82
82
82
82
89

_

I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 7 d a y s i n c lu d e s t h o s e w it h
fu l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n . P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e th e n c u m u l a t e d .

NOTE:

S e e n o te on




p.

12, r e l a t i v e t o th e in c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s .

7 fu ll d a y s

a n d n o h a lf

14

Table B-5. Paid Vacations
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , P r o v i d e n c e , R . I . —M a s s . , M a r c h 19&0)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

All
t
industries

A l l w o r k e r s ___________________________________________

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance

All
3
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
95
3
1

99
91
5
3

100
100
-

100
100
-

97
63
30
2
1

97
57
36
2
2

100
100
-

1 00
100
-

1

"

“

3

3

■

13
43
6
11

22
33
4
5

_
15
2
37

4
57
-

45
14
( 4)
2

54
10
1
( 4)

31
( 4)
68
( 4)

46
( 4)
52
-

13
85
2

33
4
63
-

76
6
15

37
62

( 4)

83
7
7
-

1

38
5
57
-

25
1
73

42
1
56

2
7
90

19
81

68
9
20

( 4)

-

1

-

( 4)

78
11
8
-

21
78
1

22
78
-

14
6
79
-

23
11
65
-

7
88
5

34
26
35
1

38
32
26
1

( 4)

-

21
78
1

11
86
4

_

4
60
_
31
5

8
83
3
3

8
84
3
1

_
99
1

11
59
26
4

M e th o d o f p a y m en t

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a i d v a c a t i o n s ______________________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ______________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t _____________________________
F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t ________________________________
O t h e r ________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a i d v a c a t i o n s ---------------------------------------- -------

A m ount o f v a c a tio n

( 4)

pay5

A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ____ ______________________ ________
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
___ _________ ___
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _
2 w e e k s ____________
__________________________________

-

_
16
1
26

5
46
_
-

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___ __ ________ ________
_______ ______
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________
____
2 w eek s_
_
_____________ __________________________
3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 2 y ea rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _ _ ----------------_ --------- ----O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________
_____
3 w e e k s _____
_________
__________ _
_ _____
A fte r 3 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s __ ___
___ _________ _______________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w eeks_
_ __________
__
_________
_ __ __

( 4)

-

2
97
1

4
93
( 4)
3

6
91
( 4)
2

98
2

A fte r 5 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _______ __ _
___ _______________ ______
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________ __ _______
3 w e e k s ___ __________
___________ _________ __
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b le ,




( 4)

( 4)

15
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s an d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , P r o v i d e n c e , R . I . —M a s s . , M a r c h I 9 6 0 )

OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

All j
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities

,

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance

All industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Retail trade

Amount of vacation p a y 5— Continued
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _______ _______________________________________
2 w e e k s _ __ _____ _______________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______ __________ _________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________________

_

4
63
1
31
1

6
78
2
13

-

-

4

6
39
3
51

52

4
44

_

_

48

31
22

8
68
8
11
2

8
74
9
5

8
42
5
39
1
2

8
46
6
35
1
1

8
41
3
40
1
4

8
44
4
38
1
1

8
39
3
33
3
11

8
42
4
31
4
8

“

_

52

11
27

46
2

42
21

_
_

11
27

98

42

2

21

_

11
27

_

_

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
______________________ _________ ___________ _______
1 w eek
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ___________ __________ ____
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________________________

31
2
62

_
2

4
44

_

_

98

31

-

-

_

_

1

v4 )

-

22

6
38

2

4
44

_

_

_

_
_

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ______________ __ ________________________________________
2 w e e k s _________ ___________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________ _______________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________________
4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4
30
( 4)
58

i 4)

_

53

74

28

-

-

_

_

7

2

24

24

4
28

6
33

_

2

4
44

_
_

78

_

39

_

22

23

_

11
27

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ______ ______________ ____________ _
_ _____________
2 w e e k s ______________________ _________ ________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____________
___
3 w e e k s _________________
___________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s __ _
_ __
4 w eeks
____ __ ______________ „
_______________

( 4)
55
1
12

l 4)
50
1
9

-

-

58

28

-

_

39

24

_
_

_

64

39

_

36

23

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
5 P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p le , th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e
c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .

in ­

NOTE:
S e e n o t e o n p. 12, r e l a t i v e t o th e in c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s .
In th e t a b u la t io n s o f v a c a t i o n a ll o w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , w e r e c o n v e r t e d t o a n e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .




16
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , P r o v i d e n c e , R . I . —M a s s . , M a r c h I 9 6 0 )

OFFICE WORKERS
T y p e o f b e n e fit

A l l w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

All
.
industries

100

Manufacturing

Public *
utilities

100

1 00

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance

100

All 3
industries

100

Manufacturing

Public a
utilities

100

100

Retail trade

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g :
L i f e i n s u r a n c e — -----------------------------------------------------A c c i d e n t a l d e a th a n d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e -------------------------- ------------------------------------S ic k n e s s an d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o th 4 -----------------------------------------

83

80

97

74

77

76

99

78

52

46

84

33

56

56

79

40

60

49

89

74

39

32

79

74

S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e -------------S ic k l e a v e (f u ll p a y a n d n o
w a it in g p e r i o d ) --------------- — — —— - — — —
S ic k le a v e ( p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) --------------- --------------- —----- ------

27

30

32

17

31

29

50

32

49

32

89

57

8

4

22

42

1

26

-

H o s p i t a l iz a t io n i n s u r a n c e --------------------------------—
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------------M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ---------------------------------------------C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------------R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n ------------——------——----------------N o h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p l a n --------

93
92
55
24
69
3

92
93
47
5
40
3

71
71
16
11
87

86
86
23

1

“

-

94
93
42
19
60
3

( 5)

2

63
63
12
10
85

80
80

91
90
43
5
42
4

31
29
12

|

-

35
8

1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
a T r a n s p o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . S i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t
th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
5 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
N O T E : S e e n o te on p . 12, r e l a t i v e t o th e i n c l u s i o n




o f r a ilr o a d s .

17
Appendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classify in g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. T his is
essen tial in order to perm it the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
B ecause of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped w orkers,
part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

P repares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, m achine, are
classified by type of m achine, as follow s:
Biller, machine (billing machine)— U ses a sp ecial billing ma­
chine (Moon H opkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
combination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of n ecessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and to tals which are autom atically accum ulated by m achine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done oh a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrahd, E llio tt F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare cu sto m ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally in ­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers ’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and com putes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit balan ces. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sa le s and
credit slip s.

O perates a bookkeeping m achine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational C ash R egister, w ith or w ithout
a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of b u sin ess tran sactio n s.




Class A— K eeps a se t of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. D eterm ines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep o rts, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
Class B— K eeps a record of one or more phases or sectio n s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping • P h ases or sectio n s include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers’ accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under biller, m achine), co st distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sh eets for the accounting departm ent.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A— Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sectio n s of a com­
plete se t of books or records relating to one phase of an e sta b lish ­
m ent’s b usiness tran sactio n s. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

18

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—.Continued

CLERK, PAYROLL

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, ad­
justing and closing journal entries; may direct class B accounting
clerks.

Class B

— Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distribut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE

Class A

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)

Class B—

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

— In an established filing system containing a num­
ber of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes corres­
pondence or other material; may also file this material. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating material in the files. May per­
form incidental clerical duties.
Performs routine filing, usually of material that has
already been classified or which is easily identifiable, or locates
or assists in locating material in files. May perform incidental
clerical duties.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers9orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




any combination of the following:

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a numerical keypunch machine, following written in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to machine. May keep files of punch cards. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and
distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

19

SECRETARY

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep simple records, etc.
(see transcribing-machine operator).

Does not include transcribing-machine

work

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May
also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in order,
keep simple records, etc.
.

Does not include transcribing-machine work

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office calls.
May record toll calls and take messages. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see switchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker*s time while at
switchboard.




Class A

— Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations
day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-machine operators.

Does not include
and
Class B

— Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C

— Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

20

TYPIST

TYPIST— Continued

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicat­
ing processes. May do clerical work involving little special training,
such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming mail.

Class A— Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc-

tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B

one or more of the following:

— Performs
Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
etc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quantities;
writing specifications; making adjustments or changes in drawings or
specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare
detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties
involve
Interpreting blueprintis, sketches,
and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their vork; performing more dif­
ficult problems. May assist subordinates di ing emergencies or as a
regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
ministrative nature.

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve
Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

a combination of the following:

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR

a combina­

TRACER

Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses. Duties involve
Preparing work­
ing plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by use
of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those




tion of the following:

a combination of the following:

Copies plans and drawings prepared by ..ers,by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

21

M A IN T E N A N C E

D PO W ERPLA N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; selecting materials nec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

most of the following:

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves
Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

most of the following:

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
supervise these operations.

also
Head or chief engineers in establishments
employing more than one engineer are excluded.




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves
Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification.

most of the following:

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves
Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and

most of the following:

22
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

MILLWRIGHT— Continued

operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; makingstandardshopcomputationsrelatingto dimensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assembling parts into me­
chanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

are required. Work involves
Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the mill­
wright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves
Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; alining wheels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

most of the following:

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves
Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling ma­
chines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general,
the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers
whose
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

most of the following:

primary duties

MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout




most of the following:

OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work
Knowledge
surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

involves the following:

of

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications- In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience.
are
.

most of the following:

Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems excluded

23

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves
Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

most of the following:

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves
Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; selecting appropriate
materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s
work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

most of the following:

For cross "industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve
Sweeping, mopping
scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures;polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers
who specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD

or

a combination of the following:

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary.

Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
other persons entering.
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

ing:

one or more of the follow­

24

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; trans­
porting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.
ORDER FILLER

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying labels or
entering identifying data on container.

boxes or crates are excluded.

may involve one or more of

Packers who also make wooden

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in
preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Veri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against
bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper de­
partments; maintaining necessary records and files.




Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order.

are excluded.

Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

work involves:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

(Order picker; stock selectors warehouse stockman)

the following:

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

Shipping

Receiving work involves:

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
* U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1960 0 — 552256

Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 60 major labor markets during late 1959 and early I960. These bulletins, when available,
may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C., or from any of the BLS regional
sales offices shown on inside front cover.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor markets, combined with additional analysis, will be issued early in 1961.
Bulletins for the areas listed below are now available.




Baltimore, Md., September 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-7, price 15 cents
Boston, Mass., October 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-8^ price 25 cents
Buffalo, N.Y., October 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-4, price 20 cents
Canton, Ohio, December 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-10, price 25 cents
Cleveland, Ohio, September 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-1, price 20 cents
Dallas, Tex., October 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-3, price 20 cents
Dayton, Ohio, December 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-9, price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., December 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-11, price 25 cents
Detroit, Mich., January I960—
BLS Bull. 1265-25, price 20 cents
Fort Worth, Tex., November 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-13, price 25 cents
Indianapolis, Ind., January I960—
BLS Bull. 1265-22, price 25 cents
Jackson, Miss., February I960—
BLS Bull. 1265-26, price 25 cents
Jacksonville, Fla., December 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-14, price 25 cents
Kansas City, Mo.-Kans., January I960—
BLS Bull. 1265-23, price 25 cents
Memphis, Tenn., January I960—
BLS Bull. 1265-19, price 25 cents
Miami, Fla., December 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-6, price 20 cents
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., January I960—
BLS Bull. 1265-21, price 25 cents
Philadelphia, Pa., November 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-16, price 25 cents
Pittsburgh, Pa., December 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-20, price 25 cents
Portland, Maine, November 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-12, price 20 cents
Richmond, Va., February I960—
BLS Bull. 1265-24, price 25 cents
St. Louis, Mo., October 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-5, price 25 cents
San Bernardino-Riverside-Ontario, Calif., November 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-15, price 25 cents
San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., January I960—
BLS Bull. 1265-17, price 25 cents
Seattle, Wash., August 1959—
BLS Bull. 1265-2, price 25 cents
Washington, D-C.-Md.-Va., January I960—
BLS Bull. 1265-18, price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102