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Occupational Wage Survey

JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA
DECEMBER 1959

Bulletin No. 1265-14




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA
DECEMBER 1959

Bulletin No. 1265-14
March 1960

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagua, Conunnsionar

For sale by the Saperiatendeat of Docaawats, II.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D .C . * Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents

P age
The Com m unity Wage Survey P rogram

This report was prepared in the B ureau's regional
office in A tlanta, G a.., by Donald C ru se, under the d ir e c ­
tion of Louis B. W oytych, R egional Wage and Industrial
R elations A nalvst.




* NOTE: S im ilar tabulations for m o st of th ese item s are
available in the Jack son ville area rep ort for May 1952. A
d irectory indicating date of study and the p rice of the r e ­
port, as w ell as rep orts for other m ajor a r ea s, is a v a ila ­
ble upon request.
Union s c a le s , indicative of p revailin g pay le v e ls in
the Jack son ville a rea, are a lso availab le for the follow ing
trades or in d u stries: B uilding con stru ction , printing, lo c a ltran sit operating em p lo y ees, and m otortru ck d riv ers and
h e lp e r s .

in

2
o ^

T a b les:
1. E stab lish m en ts and w ork ers w ithin scop e of su rvey ---------------A: O ccupational earnings:*
A - 1. O ffice occupations -------------------------------------------------------------A -2 . P ro fessio n a l and tech n ical o c c u p a tio n s ---------------------------A -3 . M aintenance and pow er plant occupations ------------------------A -4 . C ustodial and m a teria l m ovem ent occupations ---------------B: E stablishm en t p ra ctices and supplem entary w age
p rovision s:*
B - l. Shift d ifferen tia ls ...... —
................................................ . ,, ------B -2 . M inim um entrance s a la r ie s for w om en office w o r k e r s—
B -3 . Scheduled w eek ly hours ■ ■■ —
— ............ ........
—
B -4 . Paid h o lid a y s ------------ ------—........— --------------- ----- ------- — -12
B -5 . Paid v a c a t io n s --------------------------------------------------------------------13
B -6 . H ealth, in su ran ce, and pen sion p l a n s -----------------------------Appendix: O ccupational d e s c r ip t io n s ------------------------------------------—-------

00

The B ureau of Labor S ta tistics regu larly conducts
areaw id e wage su rveys in a num ber of im portant industrial
cen ters. The stu d ies, m ade from late fall to ea rly spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplem entary
b en efits. A p relim in ary report is available on com pletion
of the study in each area, u su ally in the m onth follow ing
the p ayroll period studied. This b u lletin provides additional
data not included in the ea r lie r report. A consolidated
an alytical b u lletin sum m arizing the resu lts of a ll of the
y ea r's su rveys is issu ed after com pletion of the fin al area
b u lletin for the curren t round of su rv ey s.

9
10
11
15
17




Occupational Wage Survey^Jacksonville, Fla.
Introduction

This area is one of se v e r a l im portant in d u strial cen ters in
which the U .S . D epartm ent of L a b o r's B ureau of Labor S ta tistic s has
conducted su rveys of occupational earnings and related wage b en efits
on an areaw ide b a s is . In this area, data w ere obtained by personal
v isits of B ureau field eco n o m ists to rep resen tative estab lish m en ts
w ithin six broad industry d ivision s: M anufacturing; transportation, 1
com m u nication, and other public u tilities; w h olesale trade; reta il
trade; fin an ce, in su ran ce, and rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor in ­
dustry groups excluded from th ese stu d ies are governm ent operations
and the con struction and ex tractive in d u stries. E stab lish m en ts having
few er than a p rescrib ed num ber of w orkers are om itted a lso b ecause
they furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to w a r­
rant in clu sion . W herever p o ssib le, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry d iv isio n s.
T hese su rveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis becau se of the
u n n ecessary c o st involved in surveying a ll e sta b lish m en ts. To obtain
appropriate accu racy at m inim um c o st, a greater proportion of large
than of sm a ll estab lish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data, how ­
ever, all estab lish m en ts are given their appropriate w eight. E stim a tes
b ased on the estab lish m en ts studied are p resen ted , th erefo re, as r e ­
lating to a ll estab lish m en ts in the industry grouping and area, e x ­
cep t for those below the m inim um siz e studied.
O ccupations and E arnings
The occupations selec te d for study are com m on to a variety
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries. O ccupational c la s ­
sifica tio n is based on a uniform s e t of job d escrip tion s designed to
take account of in terestab lish m en t variation in duties w ithin the sam e
job. (See appendix for listin g of th ese d escrip tio n s.) E arnings data are
p resen ted (in the A -s e r ie s tab les) for the follow ing types of occupa­
tions: (a) O ffice c le r ic a l; (b) p ro fessio n a l and techn ical; (c) m ain te­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custod ial and m aterial m ovem ent.
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o rk ers, i. e . , those h ired to work a regular w eekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational cla ssific a tio n . E arnings data exclude
prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holid ays, and

late sh ifts. Nonproduction bonu ses are excluded a lso , but c o st-o fliving bonuses and incen tive earn in gs are included. W here w eekly
hours are reported, as for office c le r ic a l occu p ation s, referen ce is
to the work sch ed u les (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) for which
stra ig h t-tim e sa la r ie s are paid; average w eekly earn in gs for these
occupations have been rounded to the n ea rest half d olla r.
A verage earnings of m en and wom en are p resen ted sep arately
for selec te d occupations in which both sex es are com m only em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay le v e ls of m en and w om en in th ese occupations are
la rg ely due to (l) d ifferen ces in the distribution of the sex es am ong
in d u stries and estab lish m en ts; (2) d ifferen ces in sp ecific duties p er­
form ed, although the occupations are appropriately c la ss ifie d w ithin
the sam e su rvey job descrip tion ; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ice or m erit review when individual sa la r ie s are adjusted on this b asis.
L onger average se r v ic e of m en would re su lt in higher average pay
when both se x e s are em ployed within the sam e rate range. Job
d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in th ese su rveys are u su ­
ally m ore g en era lized than those used in individual estab lish m en ts to
allow for m inor d ifferen ces am ong estab lish m en ts in sp ecific duties
perform ed.
O ccupational em ploym ent estim a tes rep resen t the total in all
estab lish m en ts within the scope of the study and not the num ber actu ­
ally su rveyed . B ecau se of d ifferen ces in occupational stru ctu re am ong
estab lish m en ts, the estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent obtained
from the sam ple of estab lish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate the
relative im portance of the jobs studied. T h ese d ifferen ces in o ccu ­
pational structure do not m a teria lly affect the accu racy of the ea rn ­
ings data.

E stab lish m en t P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s
Inform ation is p resen ted a lso (in the B -s e r ie s tab les) on s e ­
lected estab lish m en t p ra ctices and supplem entary b en efits as they r e ­
late to office and plant w o rk ers. The term "office w o rk ers, " as u sed
in this bulletin, inclu des w orking su p erv iso rs and n on su p ervisory
w orkers perform ing c le r ic a l or related fu n ction s, and exclu d es adm in­
istr a tiv e , ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l p erson n el. "Plant w orkers" in ­
clude working forem en and all n on su p ervisory w orkers (including lead 1
R ailroad s, form erly excluded from the scope of th ese stu d ies, en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice fu n ction s. A d m in istrative,
m
have been added in n early a ll of the areas to be studied during the
ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l em p lo y ees, and force-a cco u n t con stru ction
w inter of 1959-60; railroad s w ill be added in the rem aining areas next
em p loyees who are u tilized as a sep arate work force are excluded .
y ear. F or scope of su rvey in this area, see footnote to "transporta­
C afeteria w orkers and routem en are excluded in m anufacturing in d u s­
tion, com m unication, and other public u tilities" in table 1.
tries, but are included as plant w ork ers in nonm anufacturing ind u stries.




2
TA B L E 1. E sta b lish m e n ts and w o rk ers w ithin sco p e of su rv ey and num ber stud ied in J a c k so n v ille , F la .

In d u stry d iv is io n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

by m ajor in d u stry d iv isio n , 2 D ecem b er 1959

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W it h in
scope of
stu d y 3

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y

S t u d ie d

S t u d ie d
T o t a l4

O ffic e

P la n t

T o t a l4

A l l d i v i s i o n s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

51

291

116

5 3, 800

1 1 ,2 0 0

3 3 ,4 0 0

3 4 , 6 10

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------ -------------- -------------------- -------- -------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________ __ ________________ _________ *—
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r
p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5 ____ _____ _____________ _____________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ___________________________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _________________________________________________________
F i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e --------------------------- -------S e r v ic e s 7
— --------- ------------------------------------------------------------------

51
51

80
211

38
78

1 6 ,1 0 0
3 7 ,7 0 0

1, 100
1 0 ,1 0 0

1 3 , 100
2 0 ,3 0 0

1 0 ,9 5 0
2 3, 660

51
51
51
51
51

33
53
67
30
28

18
10
21
14
15

9 , 500
4 , 300
1 2 ,5 0 0
7 ,4 0 0
4 , 000

1 ,5 0 0
( 6)
( 6)
( 6)

n

5 ,0 0 0
( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
( 6)

7 ,9 4 0
1, 320
6, 550
5 , 300
2 , 5 50

1 The J a ck so n v ille M etropolitan A rea (D uval C ounty). The "w orkers w ithin sco p e of study" e stim a te s show n in th is tab le p rovid e a reason ab ly a ccu r a te d esc rip tio n of the s iz e and
com p osition of the lab or fo r c e in cluded in the su rv ey . The e stim a te s a r e not in tend ed , h o w ever, to s e r v e a s a b a sis of com p a riso n w ith oth er a r e a em p loym en t in d ex es to m e a su r e em p loym en t
tren d s or le v e ls sin ce (1) planning of w age su r v e y s r e q u ires the u se of e sta b lish m en t data com p iled c o n sid era b ly in advance of the pay p eriod stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll esta b lish m e n ts a r e exclud ed
from the sco p e of the su rv ey .
2 The 1957 r e v ise d ed ition of the Standard In d u strial C la ssific a tio n M anual w as u sed in c la s sify in g esta b lish m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n . M ajor chan ges from the e a r lie r edition (u sed in
the B u reau 's lab or m ark et w age su rv ey p rogram p rio r to the w in ter of 1958-59) a r e the tr a n sfe r of m ilk p a steu riza tio n plants and r e a d y -m ix ed co n crete esta b lish m e n ts from trad e (w h o le sa le or
r eta il) to m anufacturin g, and the tr a n sfe r of radio and te le v is io n b road castin g from s e r v ic e s to the tran sp o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 Includes a ll esta b lish m e n ts w ith total em p loym en t at or above the m in im u m -siz e lim ita tio n . A ll o u tlets (w ithin the area) of com p an ies in such in d u str ie s as tr a d e, fin an ce, auto rep air
s e r v ic e s , and m o tio n -p ictu re th e a te r s a r e co n sid er e d a s 1 e sta b lish m en t.
4 Includes e x e c u tiv e, p r o fe ssio n a l, and other w o rk ers exclud ed from th e sep a ra te o ffice and plant c a te g o r ie s .
5 R ailroad s w ere included; ta x icab s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tran sp ortation w ere exclu d ed . J a c k s o n v ille 's e le c tr ic u tilitie s are m u n icip ally op erated , and are th erefo re exclu d ed ,
by d efin ition , from the sco p e of the stu d ie s.
6 T his in dustry d iv isio n is rep r e se n te d in e stim a te s for "all in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e r ie s A and B ta b le s, although c o v e r a g e w as in su fficien t to ju stify sep arate
p resen ta tio n of data.
7 H otels; p erson al s e r v ic e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile rep air shop s; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit m em b ersh ip o rg an ization s; and en g in eerin g and a r c h itec tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




3

The sum m ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arran ge­
m en ts, excluding inform al plans w hereby tim e off with pay is granted
at the d iscretio n of the em p lo yer. Separate estim a tes are provided
accord ing to em ployer practice in com puting vacation paym ents, such
as tim e paym ents, percent of annual earn in gs, or fla t-su m am ounts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations of vacation allow an ces, paym ents not on
a tim e b a sis w ere converted; for exam ple, a paym ent of 2 p ercen t of
annual earnings was co n sid ered as the equivalent of 1 w eek ’ s pay.

Data are p resen ted for all h ealth , in su ran ce, and pension
plans for which at le a st a part of the c o st is borne by the em p lo yer,
excepting only leg al req u irem en ts such as w ork m en 's com p ensation
and so cia l secu rity . Such plans include those underw ritten by a co m ­
m ercia l insuran ce com pany and those provided through a union fund or
paid d irectly by the em ployer out of cu rren t operating funds or from
a fund se t asid e for this purpose. Death b en efits are included as a
form of life in su ran ce.
S ick n ess and accident insuran ce is lim ited- to that type of in ­
surance under which predeterm ined ca sh paym ents are m ade d irectly
to the insured on a w eekly or m onthly b a sis during illn e s s or accident
d isab ility. Inform ation is p resen ted for all such plans to which the
em ployer con trib u tes. H ow ever, in New York and New J e r se y , which
have enacted tem porary d isab ility insuran ce law s which require e m ­
ployer co n trib u tio n s,4 plans are included only if the em p loyer (l) co n ­
tributes m ore than is leg a lly required, or (2) provides the em ployee
with b en efits which ex ceed the req u irem en ts of the law . Tabulations
of paid sic k -le a v e plans are lim ited to form al p la n s5 w hich provide
full pay or a proportion of the w ork er's pay during ab sen ce from work
b ecau se of illn e s s . Separate tabulations are provided accord ing to
(l) plans which provide full pay and no w aiting period, and (2) plans
providing eith er partial pay or a w aiting p eriod. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of w ork ers who are provided sick n ess
and accident insurance or paid sick lea v e, an unduplicated total is
shown of w orkers who re ceiv e eith er or both types of b en efits.
C atastrophe in su ran ce, som etim es referred to as, extended
m ed ical in su ran ce, inclu des those plans which are d esign ed to p rotect
em p loyees in ca se of sick n e ss and injury involving ex p en ses beyond
the norm al co verage of h osp italization , m ed ica l, and su rg ica l plan s.
M edical insuran ce re fe rs to plans providing for com p lete or partial
paym ent of d o c to rs’ f e e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by co m m e r­
cia l insuran ce com panies or nonprofit organ ization s or they m ay be
se lf-in su r e d . Tabulations of retirem en t pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide m onthly paym ents for the rem ainder of the
wo rke r ' s lif e .

2 An estab lish m en t was co n sid ered as having a policy if it m et
eith er of the follow ing conditions: (1) O perated late sh ifts at the tim e
of the su rvey, or (2) had form al p ro vision s coverin g late sh ifts.
3 Scheduled w eekly hours for office w orkers (first sectio n of
table B -3 ) in su rveys m ade prior to late 1957 and ea rly 1958 w ere
p resen ted in term s of the proportion of w om en office w orkers e m ­
ployed in o ffices with the indicated w eekly hours for w om en w o rk ers.

4 The tem porary d isab ility law s in C aliforn ia and Rhode Island
do not require em p loyer con trib u tion s.
5 An estab lish m en t was co n sid ered as having a form al plan if
it estab lish ed at le a st the m inim um num ber of days of sick leave that
could be expected by each em p lo yee. Such a plan need not be w ritten ,
but inform al sic k -le a v e a llow an ces, d eterm in ed on an individual b a s is ,
w ere excluded.

Shift differen tial data (table B - l) are lim ited to m anufacturing
in d u stries. This inform ation is presen ted both in term s of (a) e sta b ­
lish m en t p o lic y ,2 presen ted in term s of total plant w orker em p loy­
m ent, and (b) effectiv e p ra ctice, presented on the b a sis of w orkers
actually em ployed on the sp ecified shift at the tim e of the su rvey.
In estab lish m en ts having varied d ifferen tia ls, the amount applying to
a m ajority was used or, if no am ount applied to a m ajority, the c la s ­
sifica tio n '‘other" was u sed . In estab lish m en ts in which som e la te shift hours are paid at norm al ra tes, a differen tial was record ed only
if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.
M inim um entrance rates (table B -2 ) relate only to the esta b ­
lish m en ts v isited . They are p resen ted on an estab lish m en t, rather
than on an em ploym ent b a sis. P aid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, in su ran ce, and pension plans are treated sta tistic a lly on the
b a sis that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m a­
jority of such w orkers are elig ib le or m ay eventually qualify for the
p ra ctices liste d . Scheduled hours are treated sta tistic a lly on the b a sis
that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m ajority
are c o v e r e d .3 B ecau se of rounding, sum s of individual item s in these
tabulations m ay not equal to ta ls.
The fir s t part of the paid holidays table p resen ts the num ­
b er of whole and half holidays actually provided. The secon d part
com b ines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .




4

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A -l. Office Occupatbns
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , J a c k s o n v ille , F la . , D e c e m b e r

1959)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Avbbaoi
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly. Weekly.
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

U n d er
$
3 5 .0 0

35. 00
and
tinder
4 0. 00

4 0 . 00

$
4 5. 00

5 0 . 00

$
5 5. 00

1 0 .0 0

*65. 00

$
7 0 .0 0

$
7 5. 00

$
8 0 . 00

8 5. 00

$
9 0 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

50. 00

5 5. 00

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0. 00

7 5. 00

80J 00

8 5 .0 0

9 0. 00

9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
3

8
2
6

6
2
4

4
3
1

3
3

-

7
2
5

13
11

9
3

43
39

7
6

5
3

17
15

_

30
26

12
12

_

$
$
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0

$
$
1 0 5 .0 0

n o . oo

n o . oo

$
1 1 5 .0 0
and

1 1 5 . 0Q

M en
C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A ---------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------------------------------------- ------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -----------------------------------------------------------

85
32
53

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$ 9 1 .0 0
* 9 2. 00
? 1 . 00

_
-

_
-

-

-

C le r k s , a cc o u n tin g , c l a s s B ---------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------- ---------------------------------------

116
92

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 9 .0 0
6 9 .0 0

_

_

-

C le r k s , o r d e r ------------------------------------- -----------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -----------------------------------------------------------

110
102

4 0 .5
40. 5

6 7. 50
6 6. 00

_
-

-

--------------------------------------------------------------------

32

4 0 .0

7 8 . 00

_

_

O ffic e b o y s _________________________ _______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
— ---------------------------------------------------

74
63

39. 0
3 9 .0

51. 50
5 2. 00

-

4
4

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A _________________

25

3 8 .5

8 7. 00

_

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B _________ _____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
- ------------- -----------------------------------

37
35

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 6 .5 0
7 6. 50

B i l l e r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) _ ___________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_ ____________ ___________________

74
55

40. 0
40. 0

5 7. 50
5 8. 50

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) -----------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------- ----------------------------------------------

32
27

4 0 .0
40. 0

5 7 . 50
5 6. 50

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A ______________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------

68
55

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 9 .5 0
5 9. 00

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B --------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________________

178
168

4 0. 0
4 0 .0

5 4. 50
5 3. 50

C le r k s , a cco u n tin g , c l a s s A --------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------- ----------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------------

176
29
147

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5

7 1 .5 0
75. 50
7 1. 00

C le r k s , a cc o u n tin g , c l a s s B - — ----------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g
---------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ______________ _______________________

478

412

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
38. 5

— --------------------------------------------------_____________________________________

331
329

C le r k s , o r d e r . -----------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------

C le r k s , p a y r o l l

-

-

_

“

9
9

5
1

_

_
-

26
26

_

-

18
7
11

6
3
3

_

_

2

-

-

-

5
4

1
-

4
3

3
3

3

1

8

n

8
3
5

5
2
3

6
3
3

1
1

_

_

-

-

9
9

.

.

-

1
-

-

1

3

1

.

2
9

6
5------

-

14
14

-

4
3

4

2

5

1

3

_

_

_

11
7

16
12

26
25

5
4

6
6

3
3

1
-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

5

5

_

6

4

3

_

1

_

1

.

.

_

.

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

8
8

6
5

4
4

7
6

9
9

1
1

"

-

-

-

-

_

_

4
4

7
5

17
10

20
15

12
8

4
4

10

-

1
1

1
1

8
8

7
7

14
10

_
-

1
-

_
-

1
1

10
10

23
17

25
23

4
1

*

W om en

_

_

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
3

1
-

_

.

_

-

“

9

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

3
3
_
_

2
2

8
8

37
37

51
51

47
46

19
16

1
1

6
5

3
2

4
-

_

_

_

6

3

21
21

18
2
16

25
8
17

26
5
21

23
9
14

5
1
4

22
1
21

3
3

4
1
3

4
1
3

-

1
1
-

21
— 6-----15

10
3
7

5
5

6
1
5

4
_
4

1
_
1

_
.

_
_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

6

3

12
12

6 1. 50
6 1 .0 0
6 1 .5 0

_
-

1
1

25
3
22

43
5
38

81
10
71

89
15
74

67
12
55

39
8
31

86
3
83

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

4 8 . 00
4 7 .5 0

_

21
21

48
48

165
165

60
60

26
25

8
7

_
-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

41
34

40. 0
40. 0

5 8. 00
5 4. 00

1
1

2
2

5
5

8
8

4
4

14
14

3
-

_

_

2

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C le r k s , p a y r o l l - _____
________ _________ ___________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 --------------------------------------------------------

114
91
36

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

7 1. 00
7 1 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

_
-

_
-

11
10
4

19
16
4

14
9
1

10
7
1

20
20
11

18
10
1

3
3
3

5
4
3

5
4
4

2
2
1

_
-

-

1
1
-

3
2

-

_
-

-

3
3
3

C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s -----------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __ __________________________________

161
144

38. 5
3 8 .5

6 0. 00
60. 00

_

_

2
2

6
6

25
21

44
34

47
46

26
26

8
8

2

1
1

.

_

C le r k s , f i le , c l a s s B
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le ,




~ 6 l ------

_
-

_

_

_

_

_
_
-

_

5
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , J a c k s o n v ille , F la . , D e c e m b e r 1959)

Sex, occupation, and in d u stry divisio n

Number
of
workera

W omen— C ontinued
Keypunch o p e ra to rs _______________ ___________ ____
N o n m an u factu rin g --------------------------------------------------Office g irls ----------------------------------------------------------------N o n m an u factu rin g -------------------------------------------------S e c re ta rie s --------------------- ------------ -------------------------M anufacturing---------------------------------------------------------N o n m an u factu rin g ------- -------------------------- -----------P ublic u tilitie s 2 ------------ ------------------- -----------S ten ographers, g e n e ra l ---------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------------------------------N o n m an u factu rin g --------------------- -------------------------Public u tilitie s 2 -----------------------------------------------Sw itchboard o p e ra to rs -----------------------------------------------N o n m an u factu rin g _________________________________
Sw itchboard o p e ra to r-re c e p tio n ists -------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------------------N o n m an u factu rin g -------------- --------------------------------T abu lating-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la ss B -------------------N o n m an u factu rin g _________________________________
T abu lating-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la ss C _____________
N o n m an u factu rin g ------------------------------------ -----------T ra n sc rib in g -m a c h in e o p e ra to rs, g e n e ra l --------------N o n m an u factu rin g _________________________________
T yp ists, c la ss A --------------------------------------------------------N o n m an u factu rin g _________________________________
T yp ists, c la ss B --------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------- ------------------------------N o n m an u factu rin g ---------------------------------------------------

323
317
59
55
647
96
551
86
557
71
486
116
107
98
95
29
66
36
35
68
65
115
110
260
239
350
37
313

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Weekly earnings1 U nder 35. 00 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 s95.00 1
100.00 105. 00 n o . oo
Weekly
hours1 (Standard) $
and
(Standard)
35. 00 under 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85.00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 1,05. 00 n o . oo 115. 00
40. 00
Average

38. 5 $59.50
38. 5 59. 50
38. 5 49. 50
38. 5 49. 50
39.5 73. 00
40. 0 76. 00
39. 5 73. 00
39. 5 85. 00
39. 0 63. 00
39.5 66. 50
39.0 62. 50
38. 5 69. 50
42. 5 49. 50
43. 0 49. 00
4 0.0 57. 00
40. 0 6 0 . 0 0
40. 0 56. 00
38. 0 65. 00
38. 0 64. 50
38. 5 61.00
38. 5 60. 50
39. 0 61.50
39. 0 61. 50
39. 0 54. 00
39. 0 54. 00
38. 5 48. 50
40. 0 52. 50
38. 0 48. 50

_
_
_
3 22
22
_
"
“
_
.

_
"
2
2
_
_
2
2
-

_
-

-

-

-

14
14

8
8
11
8
6
6
1
1
14
14
4
4
2
2
4
4
16
16
74
3
71

32
32
28
28
12
12
51
8
43
13
21
20
13
3
10
2
2
78
74
140
13
127

70
67
7
6
14
2
12
109
4
105
19
14
14
26
6
20
12
12
13
12
39
37
66
6

60

53
63
51 — 53
_
11
11
38
86
1
4
37
82
6
"
85 101
6
19
82
79
20
9
3
14
2
8
16
15
4
7
12
8
10
8
10
8
18
16
14
18
28
35
28
35
78
27
77
16
38
11
2
9
29
9

50
50
123
23
100
13
85
9
76
4
7
6
8
5
3
6
6
10
10
15
13
5

3

4
2
2

31
6
1
9
30
1
9 ------- 5“
2
2
41
75 118
51
12
11 -----21
9
64
42
97
29
10
7
10
6
66
8
8
9
8
4
7 ------- 3~
58
1
5
5
16
3
1
_
_
3
9
3
9
_
6
4
1
1
3
5
1
1
11
1
11
3
6
1
3
6
1
5
3
9
7
5
3
1
17
16
1
1
1
1

S ta n da rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d t o th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 8 at $ 25 to $ 30; 14 at $ 30 to $ 35.




_
35
9
26
7
23
3
20
20
_
"
.
"
-

_
_
"
“
8
19
— r ~ -----2---17
* 6
5
8
4
6
4
6
4
6
_
_
.
_
-

_
n
n
8
1
1
1
_
_
-

_
_
4
4
3
_
_
_
-

-

-

$
115. 00
and
over
_

_

*
4
4
3
_
_
_
_

-

-

"

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
.

-

-

-

1
-

-

_

-

6
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Jackson v ille, F la. , D ecem ber 1959)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Avebaob

Number
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Weekly
Weekly
hours1 earnings1
(Standard) (Standard)

$
Under 60. 00
and
under
60. 00 65.00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
and
”
“
“
~
"
70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 _ 8 5 . 00 90. 00 9.5. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00. 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 over

Men
_____

53

40. 0

$106.00

D raftsm en, ju n io r -------------- ------- ------- --------------------N onm anufacturing--------------------------------------------------------

33
25

39. 5
39. 5

80. 00
80. 00

D raftsm en, s e n i o r _______________________________

1

_

_

2

6
5

2

_

3

7

2

3
3

2
2

2
2

8

1

7

8

3

5

1

3
3

1

4

2

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e their regu lar straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.




4

1
1
1

7

2

2

2

4

7
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

(Average straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for m en in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Jacksonville, F la ., D ecem ber 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly . U n der
earnings
$
1 .0 0

$
1 .0 0 $1. 10
and
u n d er
1. 10
1. 20

$
1. 30

$
1 .4 0

$
1. 50

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1. 90

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2. 20

2. 30

$
2. 40

$
2. 50

$
2 .6 0

1. 30

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1. 60

1*J70 _ 1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2 .4 0

2.,5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

1

4
4

3
3

5
5

5
3

-

-

-

5
^~5

_

80
2

3
2

8
7

12
12

20
19

7
7

_

4
4

6
2

_

3
-

5
1

4

-

8
8

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

4
4

*

-

_
-

18
11
7
7

_
-

_
-

-

-

5
5

2
2

2 .5 9
2 .6 8

_

_

_

-

-

-

48
28

2. 22
1 .9 0

_

F ir e m e n , st a t io n a r y b o il e r ---------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------------------

39
35

1 .8 8
1. 98

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in te n a n ce ---------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 -------------------------------------------

269
127
142
118

2 .0 0
1 .8 8
2. 11
2. 24

M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n ce -------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------------------

239
68

2 .5 7
2. 64

_
-

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e (m a in te n a n ce ) -------------M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ------------------ ---------------------

330
58
272
169

2 .2 2
2 .0 1
2. 26
2 .4 0

_
-

-

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n ce ------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________ ______________

220
149
71

2. 16
2. 07
2. 34

_

M illw r ig h t s ________________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------------------------

49
49

2. 65
2 .6 5

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

P a in t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ------------------------------------------

29

2. 12

_

5

2

_

2

1

_

P ip e fit t e r s , m a in te n a n ce --------------------------------------

33

2. 74

C a r p e n t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e -------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------------------------

46
28

$2. 28
2. 25

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n ce
-------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------------------

148
64

E n g in e e r s , s ta t io n a r y ------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------------------

6
-

1
-

2
1

1
1

_
-

4
4

4
4
_
-

-

-

-

1
-

_

_

2

"

-

"

-

4
4

_

2
2

_

7
3

1
1

_

1
1

10
10

_

1
1

_

-

4
4

11
11
-

1
1
-

-

-

21
10
11
11

17
16
1
1

109
19
90
90

7
7
7

_

1
1

3
3

_

15

16

-

-

“

-

-

-

“

"

5
5

5
5

1
1

2
1

3
3

1
1

3
-

8
8

-

_

-

_

-

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

1
1

_
-

12
12
-

13
2
11

-

-

31
25
6
"

4
4
2

22
20
2

-

2
2
-

_

_

_

.

_

4

-

-

-

-

3
3

8
8

_

'

1
1

_

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

35
11
24
12

21
13
8
4

-

39
1
38
28

24
3
21

-

25
10
15
1

4
4

-

10
1
9
8

5

-

_

_

-

-

1
1

1
1

6
6

13
13

22
22

-

-

-

-

6
1
5

-

-

-

10
10
-

45
43
2

9

-

3
3

9

_

_

10
10

_

_

_

_

-

2
2

_

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

9

.

1

-

-

-

5

1

-

2
________
1

1 E xcludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 A ll w orkers w ere at $ 3. 10 to $ 3. 20.
3 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.




1
-

"

-

-

$

$
1. 20

15

-

24
20
4

-

16
1
27
7
20

-

2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2.,9 0

$
3. 00
and

2. 80

2. 90

3., 00

over

6

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

169
3

6
6

2
1

27
27

13
13

2
2

9
4
5
4

11

83

-

-

3
3

7
7

_

11
11

83
79

22
1
21
21

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

24
1
23

18
12
6

9
9

_

-

“

2
_
2

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

36
36

-

12

4

-

-

-

_
"

_

_
20

_

_

_

_

_

8
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Jackson ville, F la. , D ecem ber 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

$
Average
$
hourly 2 U n d er 0 . 60
0 .7 0
earnings
and
$
u n d er
0 . 60
. 80
. 70

0 . 80

$
0. 90

. 90

1 . 00

$

G u a rd s ---------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________________
-------- _ -----------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g — —

135
51
84

$ 1 .4 9
1. 67
1. 37

-

-

-

-

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s (m en ) ________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------- -------- -------- —
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------- -------- — _ ----P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ------------- — ----------

877
209

23
23
-

10 1

668
88

1. 17
1 .4 6
1 . 08
1 . 60

-

42
42
-

32
32
-

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s ( w o m e n ) ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________

313
305

.9 6
.9 5

15
15

21
21

21
21

10
10

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g ____ „ __ _ _ _
M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------- — ------ —
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 _____ _____ ____________

1 , 126
2 12

1.
1.
1.
1.

O r d e r f i l l e r s _________ ____ _____________ ___ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------- ------------ _

417
397

-

-

-

13
13
-

1 . 59

626
500

39
27
54
91

1. 58

75
50
25

1 .3 5
1. 38
1 .2 9

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s ----- --------- ------------- ---------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________

86

1 .6 6

71

1. 63

S h ip p in g c l e r k s -------- --------- __ -------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------- ------ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___ __ _______________ ___

92
47
45

1 .6 1
1. 76
1 .4 6

S h ip p in g and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s
___________ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___ ________ ______________

138
116

2. 04
2 . 08

T r u c k d r iv e r s 5 ________________ _
M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g __________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ________

966

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g _________

______

_ ____

__

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________

________ __
__ -------- -----__ ________ _
____ ___ ___

T r u c k d r i v e r s , lig h t (u n d e r l*/z to n s ) __
T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d iu m ( l 1^ t o and
in c lu d in g 4 t o n s)
------------------- --------- - —
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------ __ -------- ------ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______ ___________ __ _
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 — — — _ -----------T r u c k d r iv e r s ,, h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s ,
t r a i l e r ty p e) ________ __ _____________ ______
M a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g
-------- -------- ------------

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 . 20

$
1. 30

$
1 .4 0

1. 30

1 .4 0

1. 50

10

-

“

2

10

143

159

-

11

10

10

149

84
13
71

61
46
15

-

132
3

8

22

10

74
60
14
-

2
2

206
206

21

9

18

8

4
-

3
3

-

61
27
34
-

180
81
99
56

128
94
34
-

205
173
32
-

28
4
24
-

126
77
49
-

5
5

77
73

4
-

20
20

64
64

32
32
-

-

-

4
3

9
3

-

!

15 5
128
27
-

12
4

4
4

16
16

13

_
-

" N

_
-

9
9
.
-

3

30
30

5

175
46
129
-

75
17
58
-

71
45
26
-

47
38
9
-

12

-

29

56
56

28
26

10
9

107

9
7

42
42
-

20
20

-

16
16
-

-

-

99
99
-

48
15
33
-

64

10
10

25
25

15
14

_

-

-

4
4

2

7
5

"

2

Data lim ited to m en w orkers except where otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
A ll w orkers w ere at $ 2. 60 to $ 2. 70.
Includes a ll drivers regard less of siz e and type of truck operated.

-

9

9
9
-

6

7

-

6

"

1

3

-

12
2
10
1

,

_
-

-

10
10

14
14

_

_
-

_

-

-

_
-

-

2

-

.

-

1

-

_

3
3

6

-

-

2
2

-

-

_

_
-

-

6
6

4
.

9
4
5

-

37

1

-

18
15
3

-

12

4
4
-

-

-

49

84
84
83

14
'14
-

-

4
4

8
4
4
-

3
3

1. 57
1. 90

-

41
41
37

-

-

-

-

2

over

8
8

2
2

■

2 . 60

1
1

-

-

2. 50

-

34
7
27

3
3

2 .4 0

1

-

-

2. 30

14

26
4
33
3
30

2 . 20

6
------ 6

10

-

3
3

2 . 10

-

-

3
3

$
2 .6 0
and

2
2

-

12
12

$
2. 50

1

-

-

$
2 .4 0

8

-

-

13
4
9
_

$
2. 30

7

-

22

-

2 . 20

15

1 . 82

6
10 1

11

$

2 . 10

10

23
3

20

9
5

1

8

$

2 . 00

2

15
15
-

1

17

8
1

$

6
6

89
89
-

8
56
-

29
18

9
g

-

_
-

24
23

-

-

_
-

9

106
106

-

12

2 . 00

17
17
-

-

-

_

1. 90

10 1
10 1

4.
4

_

$
1. 90

9
9

34
31
3
-

6
6

-

1 .2 9
1 .4 0
1 . 22

14
3

11

6

—

1 . 80

-

1
1

~
_
-

$

_
_
-

6
6

4
_
4

_
-

_
_
_
-

.

1
1

1

-

127
52
75

2
2

5
5

-

W a tch m e n
__ _
r___ t m l
__ m
M a n u fa c t u r in g _______________ _____ _______
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______ _________ ________

-

4

1
1

-

1. 64
1 .7 1
1 .5 9

33
18
15
3 i

-

6

-

1. 54
1 .4 8
1 .5 7
2 .4 6

193
81

7
3

T

-

-

-

1 . 80

3
3

$

2
2

-

-

1 . 60 1 1 .7 0

5
5
-

450
115
335

88

$
1. 70

2

-

175
43
132

1 . 60

8
8

1 .2 7
1 .2 7

51

$
1. 50

50
50

198

112




1 .J .0

1 . 20

$

179
145

68

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (f o r k l if t )
............... _ ___
M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------- _ — -----N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ----- -------- ------ --------- —

1
2
3
4
5

10 1

$
i : 10

1.
1.
1.
2.

259
707

64
53

-

1 . 00

$

1

-

_
-

58
. 58
58
_
_

15
15
15
.
.

_
_
_

-

-

-

4
3

1
1

5
4

_
-

_
-

9
*^ 9
■

-

7
3

2
2

6
2

4
4

18
14

18
18

17
17

11
11

8
8

7
7
-

59
58

1
1

13

10

10

1

5
5
-

97
97
34

7
7

-

-

23
9
14
5

1

158
158
158

4
4

2

-

-

_

-

-

-

.

.
-

-

3
3
-

5
4

1
1

22

1

-

9
13
5

2

52
52
34

4
4

-

3
3
-

1

48
48
48

-

8

1

6

2
-

1

1

2

45
45

3
3

23
23

-

5

-

-

-

8

7
7
-

-

-

2
2

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

"

-

”

5
3
-

12
-

3
3
'

16

16
-

18
15
3

4
4

-

35
3
32
-

-

-

3
-

7
5

-

16
14

1

2

49
31
18

-

9
4
5

7
7

4
4
-

3
3

1

-




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

9

Table B-l. Shift Differentials

(P ercen t of m anufacturing plant w o rk ers in esta b lish m e n ts having form al p r o v isio n s for shift w ork, and in esta b lish m e n ts
actu ally op erating late sh ifts by typ e and am ount of d ifferen tia l, J a c k so n v ille , F la ., D ecem b er 1959)
Shift d ifferen tia l

T o t a l-------------------------------------------------------------------W ith shift pay d iffe r e n tia l - ---------------------------U niform cen ts (p er hour) ---------------------------4 cen ts ___________________________________
5 cen ts ___________________________________
6 cen ts -----------------------------------------------------7 cen ts _________________ __________________
8 cent s _______________ ______________ _____
9 cen ts ----------------------- ---------------------------10 cen ts _ -----------------------------------------------lO3/,* cen ts _____________________________ _
12 cen ts ---------------------------------------------------15 c e n t s ---------------- — ---------------------------F u ll d a y's pay for reduced h o u r s --------------No shift pay d ifferen tia l ----------------------------------

In esta b lish m e n ts having form al
p r o v is io n s 1 for—
Second shift
T hird or other
shift w ork
w ork
84. 4

76. 5

63. 2
61. 1
1. 7
34. 2
7. 0
3. 8
1. 6
8 .6
4. 2

61. 1
61. 1

-

2. 1
21. 2

-

20. 8
3. 6
12. 7
2 .6
1 1 .5
4. 2
5. 2
.5
15. 4

I
1

In esta b lish m e n ts actu ally
op erating—
T hird or oth er
Second shift
shift
18. 4
14. 3
13. 7
.5
7. 8
1 .6
.7

(2)

2. 3
.8
.6
4. 1

7 .6
7. 0
7. 0
-

1 .5
.7
2. 5
.7
.6
.6
.4
"
.6

1 In clu d es esta b lish m e n ts cu rren tly op eratin g la te sh ifts, and esta b lish m e n ts w ith fo rm a l p r o v isio n s coverin g la te sh ifts even
though they w ere not cu rren tly op erating la te sh ifts.
2 L e ss than 0. 05 p ercen t.

10
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W orkers

(D istrib u tio n of esta b lish m e n ts stud ied in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by m inim um en tran ce sa la r y for se le c te d c a te g o r ie s
of in ex p erien ced w om en o ffice w o rk ers, J a c k so n v ille , F la ., D ecem b er 1959)

M inim um w eek ly s a la r y 1

A ll
tr ie s

In exp erien ced ty p ists
*
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
B a sed on standard w eek ly hours 3 of—
A ll
A ll
37 V2
40
sch e d ­
sch e d ­
40
u le s
u le s

E sta b lish m e n ts stud ied _ __________________________ ________

116

38

XXX

78

XXX

E sta b lish m en ts having a sp e c ifie d m in im u m _______________

42

8

8

34

8

$ 35. 00 and under $ 37. 50 ________ _____ _____ __ ____
1
2
$ 3 7 . 50 and under $ 4 0 . 00 _________________________________
$ 4 0 . 00 and under $ 4 2 . 50 _________________________________
12
$ 4 2 . 50 and under $ 4 5 .0 0 ____________________________ _
5
$ 4 5 . 00 and under $ 4 7 . 50 -------------------------------------------------5
4
$ 4 7 . 50 and under $ 5 0 . 00 _____________________________ __
5
$ 50. 00 and under $ 52. 50 ------------------ ------------------------- _
$ 52. 50 and under $ 55. 00 ______________________________ _
2
$ 55. 00 and under $ 57. 50 ___________ ________ _________
3
$ 5 7 . 50 and under $ 6 0 . 00 ----------------------- -----------------------$ 6 0 . 00 and under $ 6 2 . 50 __________________ ___________
$ 6 2 . 50 and under $ 6 5 . 00 _________________________________
$ 6 5 . 00 and under $ 6 7 .5 0 ______________________________________________ 1
$ 6 7 . 50 and under $ 7 0 . 00 ________________________________________
1
$ 7 0 . 00 and under $ 7 2 .5 0 ______________________________________________ 1
E sta b lish m e n ts having no sp e c ifie d m in im u m ___________________
44.
E sta b lish m en ts w hich did not em p loy w o rk ers
in th is c a te g o r y _____________ ______ _______________________ __
30

_

_

1
2
11
3
4
4
2
2
2
-

_

1
2
1

-

3

1
2
1

-

-

1
-

3
1
-

O ther in ex p e r ie n c e d c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 2
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
A ll
in d u str ie s

22

XXX

78

XXX

9

9

36

8

23

_
2
2
1
1
2
1
-

5
1
9
3
5
4
3
1
2
-

2
2
2
1
1
-

3
1
5
2
3
3
1
1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

21

XXX

23

XXX

XXX

1
1
1
43

9

XXX

21

XXX

XXX

28

-

-

1
1

1

40

38

5
1
11
5
6
5
5
1
3
-

-

-

37 V2

45

1
7
2
3
2
1
2
1
-

2
2
1
1
1
1
-

-

-

A ll
sch e d ­
u les

40

116

XXX

-

-

B a sed on standard w eek ly hours 3 of—
A ll
sch e d ­
u le s

1
1
1

-

2
2
1
1
2
1
-

21

XXX

1
1
1
22

8

XXX

20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

XXX

1
1
1

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

L o w est sa la r y rate fo r m a lly e sta b lish e d for h irin g in ex p e r ie n c e d w o rk ers for typing or oth er c le r ic a l jo b s.
R ates ap p licab le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ffice g ir ls , or sim ila r su b c le r ic a l job s a re not c o n sid ered .
H ours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir reg u la r str a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s . D ata a re p r esen ted for a ll w orkw eeks com b ined , and for the m o st com m on w orkw eeks rep orted .




11
Table B-3. Scheduled W e e k ly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1959)

OFFICE WORKERS
W e e k ly h o u rs

A l l w o r k e r s ___________________________________________

371/z

U nder
h o u r s ___________________________________
h o u r s ____________________________________________
O ver
a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s -----------------------------4 0 h o u r s _______________________________________________
O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 4 h o u r s -------- ---------------------4 4 h o u r s ---------------------- ---------------------------------------------O v e r 4 4 a n d u n d e r 4 8 h o u r s _______________________
4 8 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 8 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------

37l /z

37 l /z

1
2
3
4

All industries 1

100

6

29
5
55
-

2
2
1

Manufacturing

100

5

-

90

PLANT WORKERS
Public utilities 2

1 00

36
1
62

Manufacturing

100

-

-

-

1
4

( 4)

-

All industries *

-

1

2

65
5
7
5
10
5

I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




100

Public utilities2

100

2
4
80
8
4
1

_
-

93

-

_
_
1

1

6

12
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 )
OFFICE WORKERS
Ite m

All industries1

Manufacturing

PLANT WORKERS
Public utilities2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

--------------------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l id a y s ----------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a i d h o l id a y s -----------------------------------------------------

99

1 00

100

80

79

98

20

21

2

7
8
2
33

6
20
_
25
10
4
11
4
_

A ll w o rk e rs

(4 )

_

Number off days
U n d e r 4 h o l id a y s ____________________________________
4 h o l id a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------4 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y — --------------------------------5 h o l id a y s ------------------------------ — --------------------------5 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y
-----------------------------------6 h o l id a y s _ --------------------------------- --------------------------6 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 o r 2 h a l f d a y s __________________
7 h o l id a y s _____________ _____________________________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y - --------------------------------8 h o l id a y s ___________________________________________
9 h o l id a y s _______________________________ __________ __
0 h o l i d a y s ___________________________________________

1

1

0
n

31
11
13
9
13
4
1
17

3
1
31
1
38
2
18
-

_

-

7
25
3
65
-

-

-

7

(4 )
6
3
19
2
(4 )

_
_
6
_
12
_
77
_

_

2
-

Total holiday time5
10 o r m o r e d a y s _____________________________________
9 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________
8 o r m o r e d a y s --------------------------------------------------------o r m o r e d a y s ---------------------------------------------------o r m o r e d a y s --------------------------------------------------------b l / z o r m o r e d a y s ----------------------------------------------------6 o r m o r e d a y s --------------------------------------------------------!z o r m o r e d a y s ----------------------------------------------------5 o r m o r e d a y s -------------------------------------------------------4 l l z o r m o r e d a y s ----------------------------------------------------4 o r m o r e d a y s --------------------------------------------------------3 * / z o r m o r e d a y s ----------------- --------------------------------3 o r m o r e d a y s ---------------------- --------------------------------2 1/ z o r m o r e d a y s ----------------------------------------------------2 o r m o r e d a y s --------------------------------------------------------1 o r m o r e d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------

7l /2
7

5l

17

17

17
21
34
43
56
67
91

99
99
99
99
99
99
99

_
-

7
7
25
27
65
65
96
96
97
98

99
99

100
100

_

_

_

68
68
93
93
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

(4 )
2
2
20
24
30
30
63
65
73
73
74
76
77
80

_
4
4
15
19
29
29
54
54
74
74
75
75
79
79

2
2
2
79
79
91
91
98
98
98
98
98
98
98
98

I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a t 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
5 A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p le th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 7 d a y s i n c l u d e s t h o s e w it h 7 f u l l d a y s a n d n o h a lf
d a y s , 6 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n . P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e t h e n c u m u l a t e d .




13
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1 959)

OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All industries 1

Manufacturing

100

100

99
99
-

99
99
-

-

A ll w o r k e r s ______________________________________

Public utilities2

All industries *

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100

93
85
6
2

89
74
15

100
100

-

100
100
-

-

-

-

-

_

1

"

7

11

"

_

33

9
39

2
14

10

1
30

-

-

_

_

_

2
5

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

26
_
68
5

77
_
23
-

80
1

82
1
5
“

84

16
78
5

14
5
81

57
2
34
(4 )

77
1
10

51
8
39
2

6
1
87
5

11

il
5
57

28
13
47

M eth od o f p aym en t
..o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p aid v a ca tio n s __________________________________
L e n g t h -o f-t im e paym en t ------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t _________________________
F la t -s u m paym ent -----------------------------------------Othfir
.
_ ..
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p aid v a c a t i o n s ___________ __________________

(4 )

-

Am ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 5
A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek __
.... .
........
_ _ .......
1 w eek _
................
O v er 1 and und er 2 w eek s ---------------------------------2 w eek s ________________________________________ _
3 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------------

3
27
4
2
1

.

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _______________________________ _________
_ _
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

39
-

60
1

(4 )

_

14
2

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
3 w e e k s __ -------------------------------------- -------------------- _

11
1
88

1

-

-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ________ _____
_____________________
O v e r 1 a n d tin d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s — -------------------- -------- — -------- —
3 w eeks
......................................................................

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b l e .




6
(4 )
94
1

(4 J
89

(4 )

42
56
2

14
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1 95 9)
OFFICE WORKERS

_______________________________

|_________________________

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

V a c a tio n p o lic y
All industries*

Amount off vacation pay

5
—

Manufacturing

PLANT WORKERS
Manufacturing

Public utilities2

Continued

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------ ---2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

1

(4 )

81
17
1

2
1
91

_
-

100

-

-

5

-

1
64
21
14

2
62

_
-

1
40
58
1

2
37
58
2

_
7
93

11
1
76
1
4

11
1
68
-

_
_

6
2
80
_

6
1
69
_
12

98
2

-

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ppk
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s _______________________________________________

-

35

89
11

13

_
_
86
_
14

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _________________________ _____________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

11
1
33
48
-

11
1
33
43
6

6
1
28
51
2

11
1
33
35
13

_

6
1
28
53

6
1
28
38
15

_
3
97
-

-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k — ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------4 w eeks
------------------------------------------------------

1

2

_

-

-

-

39
34
27

37
55
6

7
82
10

.
-

3
88
9

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------- -----------------------------------------------------

1

2

_

-

-

-

34
32
33

37
46
14

7
82
11

_
-

3
85
12

1
2
3

I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
5 P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r e x a m p le , th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d i c a t e d at
s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .

4

NOTE:
In th e t a b u l a t i o n s o f v a c a t i o n a l l o w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m
t o a n e q u iv a le n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .




p a y m e n ts,

w ere

10 y e a r s 1

co n v e r te d

15
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P ercen t of o ffice and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s em p loyed in esta b lish m e n ts providing
health , in su ra n ce, or pen sio n b e n efits, J a c k so n v ille , F la . , D ecem b er 1959)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

Type of b en efit

A ll w o r k e r s ______________________________________
W orkers in esta b lish m e n ts providing:
L ife in su ra n ce ----------------------------------------------A ccid en tal death and d ism em b erm en t
in su ra n ce ----------------------------------------------------S ick n ess and a ccid en t in su ra n ce or
sic k lea v e or b o th 4 ________________________
S ick n ess and accid en t in s u r a n c e -----------Sick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting period) __________________________
Sick lea v e (p artial pay or
w aiting period) __________________________
H osp italization in s u r a n c e ----------------------------S u rgical in s u r a n c e ----------------------------------------M edical in su ra n ce ----------------------------------------C atastrophe in s u r a n c e ---------------------------------R etirem en t p e n s io n _______ ---------------------------No health, in su ra n ce, or pen sio n p la n -------

All industries1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

90
60

94

83

50

66

73
52

76

73
56
33
45
4
91
87
69
62
73

60

78
39
29

48
32
15

43
33

41
61
61
6
1

12

37
47
17
4
32
64
64
64
47
53

78
46
55
1
1

79
79
61
38
81

1

1

26
68

80
79
53
30
48

8

9
9
91
87
63
38
55
4

100

Includ es data for w h o lesa le trade; r e ta il trade; fin an ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n sep a r a te ly .
T ransportation , com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s.
Includes data for w h o lesa le trad e, r e ta il trad e, r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown sep a r a te ly .
U nduplicated total of w o rk ers re ce iv in g sic k le a v e or sic k n e ss and accid en t in su ra n ce shown sep a r a te ly below . S ick -le a v e plans a re lim ite d to th ose w hich d e fin itely e sta b lish at le a s t
the m inim um num ber of d a y s’ pay that can be ex p ected by each em p lo y ee. Inform al sic k -le a v e a llo w an ces d eterm in ed on an in divid ual b a sis a re exclud ed.
1
2
3
4







17
Appendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classify in g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. T his is
essen tial in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
B ecause of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the B ureau's field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
O FFIC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follow s:
Biller, machine (hilling machine)— U ses a sp ecial billing ma­
chine (Moon H opkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, etc ., which are
combination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’^ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done oh a fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E llio tt F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally in ­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and com putes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slip s.

O perates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F isher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational C ash R egister, with or w ithout
a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of b u sin ess tran sactio n s.




Class A— Keeps « se t of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. D eterm ines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep o rts, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
Class B— K eeps a record of one or more phases or sectio n s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping* P h ases or sectio n s include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers’ accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sh eets for the accounting departm ent.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A— Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sectio n s of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an e sta b lish ­
m ent's bu sin ess tran sactio n s. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

18

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
payable; exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assig n ation s and allo catio n s. May a s s is t in preparing, ad­
justing and closing journal en tries; may direct c la ss B accounting
clerks.

Class B— Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher reg isters;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting sim ple co st accounting d ata. T his
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine accou n t­
ing work is subdivided on a functional b asis among sev eral w orkers.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes w ages of company em ployees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sh eets. D uties involve: C alculating w orkers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calcu lated data
on payroll sh eet, showing inform ation such as w orker's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total w ages due. May
make out paychecks and a s s is t paym aster in making up and d istrib ut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating m achine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform m athem a­
tic al com putations. T his job is not to be confused with that of s ta tis ­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance
of other duties.

CLERK, FILE

Class A— In an estab lish ed filing system containing a num­
ber of varied su bject m atter file s, c la ssifie s and indexes co rres­
pondence or other m aterial; may also file this m aterial. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
v ise others in filing and locating m aterial in the file s. May per­
form incidental clerical d u ties.
Class B— Perform s routine filing, usually of m aterial th a t has
already been classified or which is easily identifiable, or lo cates
or a s s is ts in locating m aterial in file s. May perform incidental
clerical d u ties.
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives cu sto m ers'o rd ers for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. D uties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sh eet listin g the item s
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; distributing order sh eets to respective departm ents to be filled.
May check with credit departm ent to determ ine credit rating of custom er,
acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, reproduces m ultiple copies of typew ritten or handw ritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or D itto m achine. Makes n ecessary adjustm ent such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare ste n c il or D itto m aster. May keep file of used ste n c ils or Ditto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, records accounting and sta tis tic a l data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a num erical keypunch m achine, following w ritten in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to m achine. May keep files of punch card s. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office m achines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and
distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.

19

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
m inistrative or executive position. D uties include making appointm ents
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answ ering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential m ail, and
writing routine correspondence on own in itiativ e; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing m achine. May prepare sp ecial reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter.
May also type from written copy. May also se t up and keep files in or­
der, keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter. May
also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in order,
keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone sw itchboard.
D uties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office c a lls.
May record toll calls and take m essag es. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptio nists see sw itchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type sw itchboard, acts as receptio nist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular d u ties. T his typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this w orker's time w hile at
sw itchboard.




TABLLATING-M ACHINE OPERATOR

Class A— O perates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c ­
counting m achines, typically including such m achines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignm ents without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagram s and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-m achine operators.
Class B— O perates more difficult tabulating or (electrical ac­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. T his work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the perform ance of some wir­
ing from diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting ex ercise, a com plete but
sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are w ell estab lish ed . May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C— O perates sim ple tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include sim ple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. May also type from w ritten
copy and do sim ple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied tech n ical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

20

TYPIST

TYPIST— Continued

U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out bills after calcu latio n s have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of s te n c ils , m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in d uplicat­
ing p ro cesses. May do clerical work involving little sp ecial training,
such as keeping sim ple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming m ail.

Class A— Perform s one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from sev eral
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, sy llab icatio n , punc-

tuation, e tc ., of tech n ical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated s ta tis tic a l tab les
to m aintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying d etails to su it circum stances.

Class B— Perform s one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licies,
etc.; settin g up sim ple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tab les already se t up and spaced properly.

P R O FE S SIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(A ssistan t draftsm an)
Draws to scale units or parts of draw ings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare draw ings
from sim ple plans or sk etch es, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsm an.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
P lans and d irects activ ities of one or more draftsm en in prep­
aration of working plans and d etail drawings from rough or prelim inary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. D uties
involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints, sk etch es,
and w ritten or verbal orders; determ ining work procedures; assig n in g
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problem s. May a s s is t subordinates during em ergencies or as a
regular assignm ent, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
m inistrative nature.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and d etail draw ings from n o tes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing pur­
p o ses. D uties involve a combination of the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail draw ings, m aps, cro ss-sectio n s, e tc ., to scale by use
of drafting instrum ents; making engineering com putations such as those




DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of m aterials, beam s and tru sse s; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dim ensions, m aterials to be used, and qu an tities;
w riting sp ecificatio n s; making adjustm ents or changes in drawings or
sp ecificatio n s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil draw ings, prepare
d etail units of com plete draw ings, or trace draw ings. Work is frequently
in a sp ecialized field such as architectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing serv ice to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accid en t on the
prem ises of a factory or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees' inju ries; keeping records of p atients
treated; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other purposes;
conducting physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environm ent, or other
activ ities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel.

TRACER
C opies plans and draw ings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p en cil. U ses
T -square, com pass, and other drafting to o ls. May prepare sim ple draw­
ings and do sim ple lettering.

21
M A INTENANCE

D PO W E R PL A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipm ent such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, sta irs, casin g s, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instrum ents; making standard shop
computations relating to dim ensions of work; selectin g m aterials n ec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam . F eeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipm ent.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installatio n , m aintenance, or repair of equipm ent for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipm ent such as generators, transform ers, sw itchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transm ission equipment; working from blueprints, draw ings, lay­
out, or other specifications j.locating and diagnosing trouble in the e lec­
trical system or equipment; working standard com putations relating to
load requirem ents of wiring or electrical equipm ent; using a variety of
electrician ’s handtools and measuring and testin g instrum ents. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience,

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and m aintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and
boiler-fed w ater pumps; making equipm ent repairs; keeping a record of
operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments

employing more than one engineer are excluded.




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled m aintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of le sse r sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipm ent; assistin g worker by holding m aterials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-tim e b asis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S pecializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling m achines in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gauges,
jig s, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing item s requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feeds, sp eed s, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making n ecessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve req u isite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classificatio n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting w ritten instructions and
sp ecificatio n s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch in ist’s handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; settin g up and

22
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued
operating standard machine too ls; shaping of m etal parts to close toler-*
ances; making standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common m etals; selectin g standard m aterials, p arts, and
equipment required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipm ent. In general, the m achinist’s work normally requires
a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Examining autom otive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipm ent and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
gauges, d rills, or sp ecialized equipm ent in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessary adjustm ents; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the autom otive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Work involves most of the following: Examining m achines and mechan­
ical equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly d is­
m antling m achines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a m achine shop or sending of the machine to a m achine shop
for major repairs; preparing w ritten sp ecificatio n s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling ma­
chines; and making a ll n ecessary adjustm ents for operation. In general,
the work of a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classificatio n are workers
whose primary duties involve settin g up or adjusting m achines.

MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipm ent and dism antles and
in sta lls m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes in the plant layout




MILLWRIGHT— Continued

are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecificatio n s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com putations re­
lating to stre sse s, strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipm ent; selectin g standard tools, equipm ent, and parts
to be used; installin g and m aintaining in good order power transm ission
equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m ill­
w right's work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

OILER
L ubricates, with oil or g rease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P ain ts and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishm ent. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
lia rities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and in terstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the m aintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
In stalls or repairs w ater, steam , g as, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and m easuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other w ritten sp ecificatio n s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop com putations relating to p ressu res,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard te s ts to determ ine
whether finished pipes meet sp ecificatio n s. In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building

sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

23

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
K eeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installatio n of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installin g or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains w ith a plunger or plumber’s snake. In
general, the work of the m aintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F ab ricates, in stalls, and m aintains in good repair the sheetm etal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, models,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-m etal-w orking m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installin g sheetm etal articles as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance
sheet-m etal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gauges, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp ecificatio n s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instrum ents, understanding of the working properties of common
m etals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipm ent; making necessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of m etal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required q u alities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selectin g appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die maker’s
work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V EM EN T

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
T ransports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartm ent house, departm ent store, hotel or sim ilar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

GUARD

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued
or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor m ainte­
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, show ers, and restroom s. Workers
who sp ecialize in window w ashing are excluded.

Performs routine police d u ties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary . Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or prem ises of an office, apartm ent house, or commercial




(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or w arehouse helper)

A worker employed in a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or more of the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

24

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d ev ices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; tran s­
porting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with specifications on sa le s slip s, custom ers9
orders, or other instru ctio n s. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating item s filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders, req u isi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related du ties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container em ployed, and method of shipm ent. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify
content; selectio n of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or dam age; closing and sealing container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P repares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receiv es and is respon­
sible for incom ing shipm ents of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making up b ills of lading, posting w eight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. Receiving work involves: V eri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipm ents ag ain st
b ills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper de­
partm ents; m aintaining n ecessary records and file s.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or in d u strial area to transport ma­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or men betw een various types of estab ­
lishm ents such as: M anufacturing p lants, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and retail establishm ents, or betw een retail establishm ents
and customers* houses or places of b u sin ess. May also load or unload
truck with or w ithout helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipm ent, as follow s: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under lV2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a manually controlled g aso lin e- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are c lassified by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
ag ainst fire, theft, and illeg al entry.
*

U .S . G O VER N M ENT P R IN T IN G O F F IC E : I9 6 0 0 — 5 4 3 1 8 8

Occupational Wage Surveys
O c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s a r e b e in g c o n d u c t e d in 6 0 m a jo r la b o r m a r k e t s d u r in g la t e 1 9 5 9 a n d e a r ly I 9 6 0 . T h e s e b u l l e t i n s , w h e n a v a i l a b l e ,
m a y b e p u r c h a s e d from th e S u p e r in t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n 2 5 , D . C . , or from a n y o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l
s a le s o ffic e s sh o w n b elo w .
A s u m m a r y b u ll e t in c o n t a in i n g d a t a for a l l la b o r m a r k e t s , c o m b in e d w it h a d d i t i o n a l a n a l y s i s , w i l l b e i s s u e d e a r ly in 1 9 6 1 .
B u l l e t i n s for th e a r e a s l i s t e d b e l o w a re n o w a v a i l a b l e .




C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 1 , p r i c e 2 0 c e n t s
S e a t t l e , W a s h . , A u g u s t 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 2 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t o b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 3 , p r i c e 2 0 c e n t s
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t o b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 4 , p r i c e 2 0 c e n t s
S t . L o u i s , M o ., O c t o b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 5 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s
M ia m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 6 , p r ic e 2 0 c e n t s
B a l t i m o r e , M d ., S e p t e m b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 7 , p r i c e 1 5 c e n t s
B o s t o n , M a s s . , O c t o b e r 1 9 5 9 —B L S B u l l . 1 2 6 5 - 8 , p r i c e 2 5 c e n t s





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102