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Occupational Wage Survey
DENVER, COLORADO
DECEMBER 1959

Bulletin N o . 1265-11




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




DENVER, COLORADO
DECEMBER 1959

Bulletin No.1265-11
February 1960
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

The C om m unity Wage Survey P rogram
The Bureau, of Labor S ta tistics regu larly conducts
areaw ide wage su rveys in a number of im portant indus­
tria l cen ters. The stu dies, m ade from late fall to ea rly
spring, relate to occupational earnings and related supple­
m entary b en efits. A prelim in ary report is available on
com pletion of the study in each area, usually in the month
follow ing the p ayroll period studied. T his bulletin provides
additional data not included in the e a rlier report. A con­
solidated an alytical bulletin sum m arizing the resu lts of a ll
of the y e a r ’ s su rveys is issu ed after com pletion of the
final area bulletin for the current round of su rveys.
T his report w as prepared in the B ureau’s regional
office in San F ra n cisco , C a lif., by W illiam P . O’Connor,
under the d irection of John L. Dana, R egional Wage and
Industrial R elation s A nalyst.




Page
In trod u ctio n _______________________________________________________________
1
Wage trend s for selected occupational g ro u p s________________________ 4
T ables:
1. E stab lish m en ts and w ork ers w ithin scope of s u r v e y _________
2. Indexes of standard w eekly sa la r ie s and straigh t-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and p ercen ts of in cr ea se for selected p eriod s ______________

3
3

A: O ccupational earnings: *
A - 1. O ffice occupations ________________________________________
A -2 . P ro fessio n a l and tech n ical occupations _________________
A -3. M aintenance and power plant occupations _______________
A -4 . C ustodial and m aterial m ovem ent o c c u p a tio n s_________

5
8
9
10

B: E stablishm en t p ra ctices and supplem entary wage
p rovisions: *
B - l. Shift d iffe r e n tia ls __________________________________________
B -2 . M inim um entrance sa la r ie s for w om en office
w ork ers __________________________________
B - 3. Scheduled w eek ly hours ___________________________________
B -4 . Paid h o lid a y s_______________________________________________
B - 5. Paid v a c a tio n s _____________________________________________
B - 6. H ealth, in su ran ce, and pension p la n s____________________

12
13
14
15
16
18

Appendix: O ccupational d escrip tion s ___________________________________

19

* NOTE: S im ilar tabulations are availab le in the D enver area r e ­
ports for N ovem ber 1949, January 1951, N ovem ber 1951, NoveiAber
1952, D ecem ber 1953, D ecem b er 1954, D ecem ber 1955, D ecem ber
1957, and D ecem ber 1958. The latter report w as lim ited to occu ­
pational earn in gs. A d irectory indicating date of study and the p rice
of the rep orts, as w ell a s rep orts for other m ajor areas, is a v a ila ­
ble upon req u est.
Union s c a le s, indicative of prevailing pay le v e ls in the D en­
ver a rea , are available for the follow ing trad es or in d u stries: B u ild ­
ing construction, printing, lo c a l-tr a n sit operating em p lo yees, and
m otortruck d riv ers and h elp ers.




Occupational Wage Survey—Denver, Colo.
Introduction

This area is one of sev er a l im portant industrial cen ters in
which the U .S . D epartm ent of L ab or’ s B ureau of Labor S ta tistics has
conducted su rveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an areaw ide b a s is . In this area, data w ere obtained by personal
v isits of B ureau field econ om ists to rep resen tative estab lish m en ts
w ithin six broad industry d ivision s: M anufacturing; tra n sp o rta tio n ,1
com m u nication, and other public u tilities; w h olesale trade; reta il
trade; fin an ce, in su ran ce, and real estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor in ­
dustry groups excluded from these stu dies are governm ent operations
and the con struction and extractive in d u stries. E stab lish m en ts having
few er than a p rescrib ed num ber of w orkers are om itted also because
they furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to w a r­
rant in clu sion . W herever p o ssib le, separate tabulations are provided
for each of the broad industry d iv isio n s.
T hese su rveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis because of the
u n n ecessary co st involved in surveying all esta b lish m en ts. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at m inim um co st, a greater proportion of large
than of sm all estab lish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data, how ­
ever, a ll estab lish m en ts are given their appropriate w eight. E stim a tes
based on the estab lish m en ts studied are presen ted , th erefo re, as r e ­
lating to all estab lish m en ts in the industry grouping and area, e x ­
cept for those below the m inim um siz e studied.
O ccupations and E arnings
The occupations selec te d for study are com m on to a variety
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries. O ccupational c la s ­
sifica tio n is based on a uniform se t of job d escrip tion s designed to
take account of in terestab lish m en t variation in duties w ithin the sam e
job. (See appendix for listin g of th ese d escrip tio n s.) E arnings data are
presen ted (in the A -s e r ie s tab les) for the follow ing types of occupa­
tions: (a) O ffice cle r ic a l; (b) p ro fession a l and technical; (c) m ain te­
nance and powerplant; and (d) cu stod ial and m aterial m ovem ent.
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w ork ers, i. e . , those hired to work a regular w eekly sch ed ­
ule in the given occupational c la ssifica tio n . E arnings data exclude
prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, h olid ays, and

late sh ifts. N onproduction bonu ses are excluded a lso , but c o st-o fliving bonuses and incentive earn in gs are included. W here w eekly
hours are reported, as for office c le r ic a l occu p ation s, referen ce is
to the work sched ules (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) for which
straigh t-tim e sa la rie s are paid; average w eekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the n ea rest half d ollar.
A verage earnings of m en and wom en are p resen ted sep arately
for selected occupations in which both sex es are com m only em ployed.
D ifferen ces in pay le v e ls of m en and wom en in th ese occupations are
la rg ely due to (l) d ifferen ces in the distribution of the sex es among
in d u stries and estab lish m en ts; (2) d ifferen ces in sp ecific duties p er­
form ed, although the occupations are appropriately c la ss ifie d within
the sam e survey job description; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e r v ­
ice or m erit review when individual sa la rie s are adjusted on this b asis.
L onger average serv ic e of m en would resu lt in higher average pay
when both sex es are em ployed within the sam e rate range. Job
d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in th ese su rveys are u su ­
ally m ore gen era lized than those used in individual estab lish m en ts to
allow for m inor d ifferen ces am ong estab lish m en ts in sp ecific duties
perform ed.
O ccupational em ploym ent estim a tes rep resen t the total in all
estab lish m en ts within the scope of the study and not the num ber actu ­
ally su rveyed . B ecau se of d ifferen ces in occupational stru ctu re among
estab lish m en ts, the estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent obtained
from the sam ple of estab lish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate the
relative im portance of the jobs studied. T h ese d ifferen ces in o ccu ­
pational structure do not m a teria lly affect the accu racy of the ea rn ­
ings data.

E stablishm en t P ra c tic es and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s
Inform ation is p resen ted also (in the B -s e r ie s tab les) on s e ­
lected estab lish m en t p ra ctices and supplem entary ben efits as they r e ­
late to office and plant w o rk ers. The term "office w o rk ers, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working su p erv iso rs and n on su p ervisory
w orkers perform ing c le r ic a l or related functions, and exclu d es adm in­
istr a tiv e , ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l p erson n el. "Plant w orkers" in ­
clude working forem en and all n on su p ervisory w orkers (including lea d 1
R ailroad s, form erly excluded from the scope of th ese stu d ies, en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice functions. A d m in istrative,
m
have been added in n early all of the areas to be studied during the
ex ecu tive, and p ro fession a l e m p lo y ees, and force-a cco u n t con stru ction
w inter of 1959-60; railroad s w ill be added in the rem aining areas next
em p loyees who are u tilized as a separate work force are excluded .
year. F or scope of survey in this area, see footnote to "transporta­
C afeteria w orkers and routem en are excluded in m anufacturing in d u s­
tion, com m unication, and other public u tilities" in table 1.
tries, but are included as plant w orkers in nonm anufacturing industries.




2

The sum m ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arran ge­
m ents, excluding inform al plans w hereby tim e off with pay is granted
at the d iscretio n of the em p lo yer. Separate estim a tes are provided
accord ing to em ployer p ractice in com puting vacation paym ents, such
as tim e paym ents, percen t of annual earn in gs, or fla t-su m am ounts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations of vacation allow an ces, paym ents not on
a tim e b a sis w ere converted; for exam ple, a paym ent of 2 percen t of
annual earnings was con sid ered as the equivalent of 1 w e e k 's pay.

Data are p resen ted for all health, in su ran ce, and pension
plans for which at le a st a part of the c o st is borne by the em p lo yer,
excepting only leg al req u irem en ts such as w orkm en1s com p ensation
and so cia l secu rity . Such plans include those underw ritten by a co m ­
m er cia l insuran ce com pany and those provided through a union fund or
paid d irectly by the em ployer out of cu rren t operating funds or from
a fund se t aside for this purpose. Death b en efits are included as a
form of life in su ran ce.
S ick n ess and accident insuran ce is lim ited to that type of in ­
surance under which predeterm ined ca sh paym ents are m ade d irectly
to the insured on a w eekly or m onthly b a sis during illn e s s or accident
d isab ility. Inform ation is p resen ted for all such plans to which the
em ployer con trib u tes. H ow ever, in New York and New J e r se y , which
have enacted tem porary d isab ility insuran ce law s which require e m ­
ployer co n trib u tio n s,4 plans are included only if the em p loyer (1) con ­
tributes m ore than is leg a lly required, or (2) provides the em ployee
with ben efits which ex ceed the req u irem en ts of the law . Tabulations
of paid sick -lea v e plans are lim ited to form al p la n s5 w hich provide
full pay or a proportion of the w o rk er’s pay during absen ce from work
b ecau se of illn e s s . Separate tabulations are provided accord ing to
(l) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing eith er partial pay or a w aiting period. In addition to the
p resentation of the proportions of w ork ers who are provided sick n ess
and accident insurance or paid sick lea v e, an unduplicated total is
shown of w orkers who receiv e eith er or both types of b en efits.
C atastrophe in su ran ce, so m etim es referred to as extended
m ed ical in su ran ce, inclu des those plans which are design ed to p rotect
em p loyees in ca se of sick n ess and injury involving ex p en ses beyond
the norm al coverage of h osp italiza tio n , m ed ica l, and su rgical plans.
M edical insurance re fe rs to plans providing for com p lete or partial
paym ent of d octors' fe e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by co m m er­
cia l insuran ce com panies or nonprofit organ ization s or they m ay be
se lf-in su r e d . Tabulations of retirem en t pen sion plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide m onthly paym ents for the rem ainder of the
w o rk er 's life .

2 An estab lish m en t was co n sid ered as having a policy if it m et
eith er of the follow ing conditions: (1) O perated late sh ifts at the tim e
of the su rvey, or (2) had form al p rovision s coverin g late sh ifts.
3 Scheduled w eekly hours for office w orkers (first sectio n of
table B -3 ) in su rveys m ade prior to late 1957 and ea rly 1958 w ere
p resen ted in term s of the proportion of wom en office w orkers e m ­
ployed in o ffices with the indicated w eek ly hours for w om en w o rk ers.

4 The tem porary d isab ility law s in C aliforn ia and Rhode Island
do not require em p loyer con trib u tion s.
5 An estab lish m en t w as co n sid ered as having a form al plan if
it estab lish ed at le a st the m inim um num ber of days of sick leave that
could be expected by each em p lo yee. Such a plan need not be w ritten ,
but inform al sic k -le a v e a llow an ces, d eterm in ed on an individual b a s is ,
w ere excluded.

Shift d ifferential data (table B - l) are lim ited to m anufacturing
in d u stries. This inform ation is presented both in term s of (a) e sta b ­
lish m en t policy, 2 presented in term s of total plant w orker em p loy­
m ent, and (b) effective p ra ctice, p resented on the b a sis of w orkers
actually em ployed on the sp ecified shift at the tim e of the su rvey.
In estab lish m en ts having varied d ifferen tia ls, the amount applying to
a m ajority was used or, if no am ount applied to a m ajority, the c la s ­
sifica tio n "other" was u sed . In estab lish m en ts in which som e la te sh ift hours are paid at norm al ra te s, a differen tial was record ed only
if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.
M inim um entrance rates (table B -2) relate only to the esta b ­
lish m en ts v isited . They are presen ted on an estab lish m en t, rather
than on an em ploym ent b a sis. P aid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, in su ran ce, and pension plans are treated sta tistica lly on the
b a sis that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m a ­
jority of such w orkers are elig ib le or m ay eventually qualify for the
p ra ctices liste d . Scheduled hours are treated sta tistica lly on the b a sis
that th ese are applicable to all plant or office w orkers if a m ajority
are co vered . 3 B ecau se of rounding, sum s of individual item s in these
tabulations m ay not equal to ta ls.
The fir s t part of the paid holidays table p resen ts the num ­
b er of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second part
com b in es w hole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .




3

T able 1. E sta b lish m en ts and w o rk e r s w ithin scope of su rvey and num ber *studied in D enver, C olo. , 1 by m ajor in dustry d iv is io n ,2 D ecem b er 1959
Industry d iv isio n
A ll d iv is io n s _____________________________________
M anufacturing __________________________________
N on m an u factu rin g_______________________________
T ran sp ortation , com m un ication , and
oth er public u tilitie s 5 ______________________
W h olesale trade
R e ta il trade __________________________________
F in an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e _______
S e r v ic e s 7 _____________________________________

M inim um
em p loym en t
in e sta b lish ­
m en ts in scope
of study
51
51
51
51
51
51
51
51

Num ber of esta b lish m e n ts
Within
scope of
Studied
study 3

T o ta l4

154
48
106
25
16
36
14
15

563
180
383
56
82
126
61
58

W orkers in esta b lish m e n ts
W ithin scope of study
P lant
O ffice
2 6 ,7 0 0

125, 600
4 8 ,0 0 0
77, 600
2 5 ,4 0 0
10, 000
2 5 ,2 0 0
9 ,4 0 0
7, 600

Studied
T o ta l4

7 1 ,9 0 0
3 0 ,4 0 0
41, 500
11, 700
(6)
19, 700

6, 900
19, 800
5, 600
( 6)
2, 500
(* )
( 6)

7 7 ,2 7 0
30, 960
4 6 ,3 1 0
21, 000
2, 900
15,68 0
3, 880
2, 850

(!)

( 6)

1 The D enver M etropolitan A rea (A dam s, A rapahoe, B oulder, D enver, and J e ffer so n C ou n ties). The "w ork ers w ithin scope of study" e stim a te s shown in th is tab le provide a reason ab ly
accu ra te d e sc rip tio n of the siz e and com p osition of the lab or force included in the su rv ey . The e stim a te s are not intended, ho w ever, to ser v e a s a b a sis of com p arison w ith oth er a rea em p lo y ­
m en t in d ex es to m ea su re em p loym en t tren d s or le v e ls sin ce (l) planning of w age su rv e y s req u ires the use of esta b lish m en t data com p iled co n sid erab ly in advance of the pay period stud ied, and
(2) sm a ll esta b lish m e n ts are exclud ed from the scope of the su rvey.
2 The 1957 r e v ised edition of the Standard Ind u strial C la ssific a tio n M anual w as used in c la ssify in g esta b lish m e n ts by industry d iv isio n . M ajor chan ges from the e a r lie r edition (u sed in the
B u reau 's lab or m ark et w age su rvey p rogram p rio r to the w in ter of 1958-59) a re the tr a n sfer of m ilk p a steu riza tio n plants and read y -m ix ed con crete esta b lish m e n ts from trad e (w h olesale or r e ­
ta il) to m anufacturin g, and the tr a n sfe r of radio and te le v is io n b road castin g from s e r v ic e s to the tran sp ortation , com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s d iv isio n .
3 Includ es a ll esta b lish m e n ts w ith total em p loym en t at or above the m iniijnum -size/ lim ita tio n . A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the area ) of com p an ies in such in d u str ie s a s trad e, fin an ce, auto rep air s e r v ­
ic e s , and m o tion -p ictu re th e a te r s a re con sid ered a s 1 esta b lish m en t.
4 Includ es e x e c u tiv e, p r o fessio n a l, and other w o rk ers exclud ed from the sep arate o ffice and plant c a te g o r ie s.
5 R ailroad s w ere included; ta x ica b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tran sp ortation w ere exclud ed.
6 T his in dustry d iv isio n is rep r e se n te d in e stim a te sfo r "all in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e r ie s A andB ta b le s, although coverage w as in su fficien t to ju stify sep arate p resen ta tio n of data.
7 H otels; p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin e ss se r v ic e s ; au tom obile rep air shops; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit m em b ersh ip organ ization s; and en gin eerin g and a rc h itec tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

T able 2. Ind exes of standard w eek ly s a la r ie s and str a ig h t-tim e hourly ea rn in gs for s elec ted occup ation al group s in D en ver, C olo. ,
D ecem b er 1959 and D ecem b er 1958, and p e r cen ts of in cr e a se for s elec ted period s
'
Ind^xe s
P er c e n t in c r e a s e s fro m —
(N ovem ber 1952 = 100)
D ecem b er 1953 1 N ovem ber 1952
D ecem b er 1954
D ecem b er 1955
D ecem b er 1958
D ecem b er 1957
Ind ustrial and occup ation al group
to
to
to
to
to
to
D ecem b er 1958
D ecem b er 1959
D ecem b er 1954
D ecem b er 1953
D ecem b er 1955
D ecem b er 1959
D ecem b er 1957
D ecem b er 1958
A ll in d u stries;
O ffice c le r ic a l (w om en) ------------------------------Ind ustrial n u r se s (w o m e n )__________________
S k illed m ainten ance (m e n )__________________
U n sk illed plant (m e n )________________________

135.5
136. 0
146. 6
153. 0

130.4
132. 0
140. 6
145. 1

3. 9
3. 0
4 .3
5 .4

3 .6
1. 9
4. 0
5. 7

11. 0
12. 5
11.8
10. 9

4. 2
6. 7
7 .0
8 .4

2 .9
.
4. 5
5 .7

5 .7
8. 0
8. 1
8. 0

M anufacturing;
O ffice c le r ic a l (w om en) _____________________
Ind ustrial n u r se s (w om en) __________________
S k illed m ainten ance (m en) __________________
U n sk illed plant (m e n ) ________________________

140.2
146. 9
156. 5

136. 3

2. 8
2. 9
4. 8

5. 1
4. 0
5. 5

11.3
14. 5
14. 0

6. 1
6. 6
4 .3

3. 8
3. 1
5 .8

5 .8
9 .2
12.4

-

142. 8
149.3

NOTE; D ash es in dicate no data reported or data that do not m eet pu blication c r ite r ia .




0

0

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P resen ted in table 2 are indexes of sa la rie s of office cle r ic a l
w ork ers and industrial n u r se s, and of average earnings of selected
plant w orker groups.
F or office c le r ic a l w orkers and industrial n u r se s, the indexes
relate to average w eekly sa la r ie s for norm al hours of w ork, that is ,
the standard w ork schedule for which stra ig h t-tim e sa la rie s are paid.
F or plant w orker groups, they m easu re changes in stra ig h t-tim e hourly
earn in gs, excluding prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eek ­
end s, h olid ays, and late sh ifts. The indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include m ost of the n u m erically im portant
jobs w ithin each group. The office c le r ic a l data are based on w om en in
the follow ing 18 jobs: B ille r s , m achine (billing m achine); bookkeepingm achine op erators, cla ss A and B; C om ptom eter operators; cle rk s, file ,
cla ss A and B; cle rk s, order; c le rk s, payroll; keypunch operators;
office g irls; secr e ta r ie s; sten ograp h ers, general; sw itchboard op era­
tors; sw itchboard op era to r-recep tio n ists; tabulating-m achine operators;
tran scrib in g-m ach in e op erators, general; and ty p ists, cla ss A and B.
The in d u strial nurse data are based on w om en industrial n u r se s. Men
in the follow ing 10 sk illed m aintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs w ere
included in the plant w orker data: S k illed — carpenters; electricia n s;
m ach in ists; m echanics; m ech an ics, autom otive; m illw righ ts; painters;
p ip efitters; sh eet-m eta l w orkers; and tool and die m akers; u n sk illed —
ja n itors, p o rters, and clean ers; la b o rers, m aterial handling; and
w atchm en.
A verage w eekly sa la rie s or average hourly earnings w ere
com puted for each of the selected occupations. The average sa la rie s
or hourly earnings w ere then m ultiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 em ploym ent in the job. T hese w eighted earnings for individual
occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each occupa­
tional group. F in ally, the ratio of th ese group aggregates for a given
year to the a g g reg a tefo r the b ase period (su rvey m onth, w inter 1952-53)




w as computed and the re su lt m ultip lied by the b ase year index (100) to
get the index for the given year.
A djustm ents have been m ade w h ere n e c e ssa r y to m aintain
com parability. F or exam p le, in m ost of the areas su rveyed , railroad s
w ere included in the coverage of the su rveys for the fir s t tim e this
year. In com puting the in d exes, data relatin g to the railroad industry
w ere excluded.
The indexes m ea su re, p rin cip ally, the effects of (1) gen eral
sa la ry and w age changes; (2) m erit or other in cr ea ses in pay received
by individual w orkers w h ile in the sam e job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, fo rce exp an sion s, fo rce red u c­
tion s, and changes in the proportion of w ork ers em ployed by esta b ­
lish m en ts with different pay le v e ls. Changes in the labor force can
cause in cr ea ses or d ec rea se s in the occupational averag es without
actual w age changes. F or exam p le, a force expansion m ight in crea se
the proportion of low er paid w ork ers in a sp ecific occupation and r e ­
sult in a drop in the a verag e, w h ereas a reduction in the proportion
of low er paid w ork ers would have the opposite effect. The m ovem ent
of a high-paying estab lish m en t out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area estab lish m en ts.
The u se of constant em ploym ent w eights elim in ates the effects
of changes in the proportion of w ork ers rep resen ted in each job in ­
cluded in the data. Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard w ork sched ules or in prem ium pay for o v ertim e, sin ce they
are based on pay for stra ig h t-tim e h ou rs.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1959 for w ork ers in 17 m ajor
labor m ark ets appeared in BLS B u ll. 1240-22, W ages and R elated
B en efits, 20 Labor M arkets, W inter 1958-59.

A* Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations

(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Denver, Colo. , D ecem ber 1959)
Average

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Weekly
Weekly 40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100. 00 105. 00 n o . oo 115. 00 120. 00 125. 00
hours 1 earnings1
(Standard) (Standard)
_
and
50. 00 55. 00 _6.Qi.P_0_ 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80.00^ 85. 00 9 0 .0 0 9 5 ,0 0 100.JK) 105. 00 110. 00 1 15 . 0 0 120. 00 1 2 5,0 0 o v e r

M en
B i l l e r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e ) -------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
----- ----- ------------- ---------- --------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ------------------------------------------------------C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A -------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
---------------------------- ------------- — —
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ------------------------------------------------------C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B -------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g — -------- ------- ------------- ------------- —
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------- ------------------ ------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ------------------------ ---------- -------- —
C l e r k s , o r d e r ---------------- ------------------ ------------------- ----M a n u fa ctu r in g
-----------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------- __
__
--------- ------------C l e r k s , p a y r o ll _ -------M a n u fa ctu rin g
---------

—
--------

---------------- -------------------------------------------------

O ffic e b o y s ------------ ---------------------- -------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------- ----------------------------------- —
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------- ----------------------------T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A -----------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------- --------------------------------- —
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B -----------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------- ----------------------------

44
35
35
257
48
209
68
120
33
87
30
261
53
208

59

36
170
39
131
67
43
127
38
89

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 5
40. 0
4 1 .0
40. 0
40. 5
40. 0
40. 5
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

$ 73. 50
76. 00
76. 00
96. 50
96. 50
96. 50
98. 00
81. 00
82. 50
80. 50
83. 50
77. 00
82. 00
75. 50
83. 50
79. 50
54. 50
54. 50
55. 00
1 0 0.5 0
1 0 1.5 0
79. 50
83. 00
78. 00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

4
4

18
9
9
_
"

_
"

2
2

10
1
9
26
2
24

-

-

-

42
77
18 ----- T ~
24
71

15
8
7

6
6

-

6
6

11
1
10
-

51
13
38
11
9
9
9

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

.
-

-

-

14
14

6

11
2

_
-

4
4

19
19
13
11
11

6

9

4
4
4
6
6
23
9
14
9
30
6
24
9
9

7
7

4
4
4
2
2
16
3
13
7
58
7
51

10
10
10
24
12
12
1
15
4
11
3
42
2
40

26
10
16

9

5

9

~

4

_
-

_

_

17
7
10

19
8
11

2
10
10

6
6
6
28
5
23
7
17
7
10
4

5

_
-

_
-

50
4
46
17
5
-

5

-

10
10
4
2

_

-

3
1
16
6
10

2
1
18
8
10

19
14
11

4
7

2
2
2
48
11
37
20
12
8
4
1
1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

35
2
33
9

8
4
4
2

4
_
4
1

4
1
3
1

5
2
3
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

11
6
8
8

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

1
1

2
-

_
-

_
-

-

*

2
1

3
-

_
-

_

12
6
6

"
16
11
2

6

2

1
1
1
1
1

_

-

_
-

37
7
30
10
11

3
3
4
3

_
-

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

3
3

2
2

3
2

2
3

3
2
2
1
1

_
-

_
“

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

"

"

"

"

-

_

_

-

-

_

4

1
5

W om en
B i l l e r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e ) -------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g __
--------------------------------------- ------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ------------------------------------------------------B i l l e r s , m a ch in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ) ---------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------- __
---------- -------- _ —

R e ta il tra H e

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A ----------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------------- --------------

138
122
88

59
53
36
70
57

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 5
40. 5
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

66. 50
66. 50
66. 50
58. 00
57. 00
55. 00
73. 50
72. 00

"
_

-

2
2
2

33

29

11
11

22

8

31
31

10
7
7

22

8
8

14
10

11
10
10

12
9
9

14
14
4

10
10
10

_

_

-

3

-

_

_

-

1
1
1
1
1

28
24

7

7

8
8

5

6
4

8
5

22

-

-

-

5

1

See footnotes at end of table.




NOTE: E stim ates for all in dustries, nonmanufacturing, and public u tilities include data for railroads (SIC 40), om itted from the scope
of all labor m arket wage surveys made before the winter of 1959-60. Where significant, the effect of the inclusion of ra il­
roads is greatest in the data shown separately for the public u tilities division. The trend of earnings in selected occupational
groups in all in dustries, excluding railroad s, appears in table 2, p. 3.

-

-

_

-

_

-

_

-

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continu.ed
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D e n v e r , C o lo . , D e c e m b e r 1959)
Average
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
$
$
$
Weeklyj
Weekly j 4 0 . 00 4 5 . 00 50. 00 55. 00 $60. 00 65. 00
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d er
4 5 . 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00

7 0 .0 0

$
75. 00

80. 00

75. 00

8 0. 00

85. 00 _ £ 0 . 00

W o m e n — C on tin u ed
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ______________

i

________________________________

4 89
70
4 19
61

40.
40.
40.
41.

0
0
0
0

$61.
66.
60.
61.

00
00
50
00

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A
____________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ______ ________ __ _ _____ __________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 __ _ ___ _ _________ __ _______
R e t a il t r a d e -----------------------------------------------------------------

298
77
221
54
66

40.
40.
40.
39.
41.

0
0
0
5
5

78.
8 4.
76.
8 6.
69.

50
00
50
50
00

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B
______ ____________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________ __ _____ __ _________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 _____________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e ________________ __ _____________________

758
213
545
103
96

3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 5
40. 0
40. 0

65.
67.
64.
72.
62.

00
50
00
50
50

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A ------------ -------- -------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________ — _________________

74
69

39. 5
39. 0

65. 50
64. 50

-

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B ______________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __ ____________ _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 _____________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e _____ ___________________________________

470
67
403
113
47

40.
40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0
5

54.
64.
52.
56.
49.

50
50
50
50
00

44
44
14

C l e r k s , o r d e r _______________________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ----------------------------- --------------------------------

182
32
150
87

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

64. 00
7 1 .0 0
62. 50
56. 00

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ---------------------------- ----------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________ __ _ __ -------------- _ ___
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ------------- ------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ____
_____ — _________________________

219
97
122
31
26

40.
40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
5
0
0

7 4.
75.
74.
8 5.
70.

C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s _____________ ____________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________ ____
__
____ _ __________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____________ __ — --------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ---------------- — __ --------------------- _
R e t a il t r a d e ____
__ ____________________________

37 3
56
317
48
97

40.
40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0
0

K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s _________
.
_
___ __________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
------ — _ ---------------------- - ----N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___
__ _
-------------- ------ ---------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 __________ — — -----------------------

448
84
364
136

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

O ffi c e g ir ls ---------------------- --------- -------- — __ ---------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____ _____ __ __ _____________ __
R e t a il t r a d e ------------- ------------------- ---------------------------

117
111

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

R e t a il t r a d e ________

See footnotes at end of table.




$
$
$
$
$
95. 00 100. 00 105. 00 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0
and
95. 00 1 0 0 .op 1 0 5 .0 0 110. 00 11_5, PQ 1 2 0 .0 0 125. 00 o v e r
90. 00

85. 00

33

9

8

9

8

96
10
86
6

121
121
19

94
21
73
27
48
2
46
22

57
9
48
11
23

14
14
1
1

!

81
19
62
3

|

43
5
38
3

22
5
17
3

13
9
4

28
11
17
3
7

39
15
24
7
2

22
15
7
4
1

43
10
33
15
6

23
14
9
7
-

5
5
4
-

i
I

1
1

1
1
1
-

-

-

-

10
10
4

_
-

84
84
-

-

-

69
26
43
16

90
15
75
9
24

106
40
66
12
6

151
39
112
20
32

124
39
85
24
15

73
35
38
10
2

26
9
17
13
1

24
9
15
9
-

5
1
4
3
-

3
3
2
-

3
3
1
-

18
18

14
14

10
9

10
9

3
2

5
3

2
2

1
1

2
2

_

-

9
9

-

85
2
83
6
8

141
2
139
48
13

102
17
85
25
12

46
11
35
17
-

24
14
10
10
-

23
16
7
7
-

5
5
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

~

-

-

-

-

10
10
10

7
7
7

20
20
20

42
2
40
38

13
3
10
-

9
9
-

71
12
59
12

7
3
4
“

_
-

3
3
"

_
-

_
-

50
00
50
00
50

_
'

_
-

4
1
3
3

18
5
13
-

27
5
22
6

29
11
18
1
9

37
32
5
1

21
12
9
4
2

46
23
23
8
"

13
3
10
8
-

15
15
7
6

5
4
1
1
-

67.
69.
66.
8 4.
58.

00
00
50
00
00

-

60
5

-

5

63
13
50
2
12

54
2
52
6
12

57
13
44
3
1

28
5
23

44

54
7
47
19

4

8
2
6
3
"

20
9
11
9
"

17
17
15
"

6 4.
7 1.
63.
69.

50
50
00
50

40
40
"

12
12
"

52
2
50
28

67
6
61
12

72
22
50
14

44
11
33
11

43
8
35
19

64
20
44
15

20
10
10
8

22
3
19
19

10
1
9
9

50. 50
50. 00
4 9 . 00

3 22

39
38

36
32
20

12
12

1
1
1

1
1

3
2

1
1

-

-

_

22
8

-

_

7
7
-

4

-

55

2

2

5

5
5

9
1
8
2
-

-

-

-

-

_

_
_
_

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

2
1
1
1

.

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

1
1
-

1
1
1
-

_
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

“

.

.

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

_

_

_

-

5

_

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_

.

7
Table A-1. Office Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D e n v e r, C o l o ., D e c e m b e r 1959)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Average
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
houra 1 earnings1
(Standard) (Standard)

$
4 0 . 00
and
under
4 5. 00

$
45. 00

$
5 0. 00

$
55. 00

6 0. 00

5 0. 00

5 5. 00

60. 00

6 5. 00

$
65. 00 $ 0. 00
7

$
$
$
$
$
$
7 5. 00 8 0. 00 85..00 $9 0. 00 95. 00 100 .00 105.00

70. 00 -75_Q0 l -80 . 0_0_ 8 5 . 00 _ 9 0 . 00

95. 00 100 .00

105.00

1 10.00

1 1 0 .0 0 115 .00

$
$
$
1 15.00 120.00 125 .00
and
1.20.00 125.00

over

W o m e n — C on tin u ed
$ 8 5 .0 0
86. 50
84. 50
92. 00
75. 00

S e c r e t a r ie s
---------------- -------------------- -------------------- —_____
M a n u fa ctu r in g
— ---------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
— — ____________ _________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 _ -----------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ---------------- -------- ------------------------ ---------

1, 188
339
849
300
84

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5
40. 0
4 0 .5

S te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ___________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
---------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 .......................................................................
R e t a il t r a d e ------------------------------------------------------------------

1. 160
341
819
201
104

39.'5
40. 0
3 9 .5
40. 0
40. 5

7 1.
75.
70.
78.
63.

50
50
00
50
00

_
-

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ---------- -------- -----------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ---------------------------------------------------------R e t a il tr a d e ------------------------------------------------------------------

256
43
213
38
57

41.
4 0.
4 2.
4 0.
4 0.

5
0
0
0
5

62.
75.
6 0.
83.
56.

50
00
00
50
00

4 20
20
-

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ----------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------- ----------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ______________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e ------------------------------------------------------------------

317
ll£
201
40
47

40.
4 0.
4 0.
4 0.
42.

0
0
5
0
0

65.
65.
65.
68.
63.

50
50
00
50
50

_
-

-

"

9
9
3

40
40
9
11

95
3
92
17
17

107
30
77
15
22

145
33
112
22
13

233
82
151
34
4

162
80
82
21
3

153
62
91
54
3

107
20
87
46
6

41
14
27
14
1

43
9
34
31
1

13
1
12
12
-

15
1
14
11
-

16
3
13
11
-

9
1
8
3
-

45
45
3
11

80
3
77
8
19

218
39
179
10
31

173
32
141
20
30

191
91
100
31
-

210
76
134
44
8

124
71
53
22

36
12
24
16
2

42
12
30
24
1

24
1
23
18
-

9
3
6
5
-

2
1
1
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

15
15
1

47
47
19

54
54
31

22
5
17
2

24
5
19
2
4

18
13
5
4

14
6
8
5

17
5
12
11

20
8
12
12

3
_
-

.
-

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

"

-

2
1
1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
1
9
6

74
25
49
10

88
36
52
18
14

27
11
16
11
-

37
18
19
1

33
18
15
4
1

22
4
18
4
12

11
1
10
1
-

2
2
2
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

.
_
_

.
_
_
_
-

-

-

6
6
2

-

-

"

-

3
3

-

13
2
11
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B _________________

25

40. 0

76. 00

_

_

1

_

3

3

1

4

12

_

1

_

_

_

_

.

.

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l _______________
M a n u fa ctu rin g
------------------------------- ------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------------------------

186
44
142

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

63. 00
68. 50
61. 50

-

10
10

22
22

29
1
28

47
14
33

48
14
34

11
6
5

7
4
3

3
3
-

6
2
4

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

"

T y p is t s , c l a s s A _____________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
---------------------------------------------------- --------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -----------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ______________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e ------------------------------------------------------------------

541
151
390
40
25

3 9 .5
4 0. 0
3 9 .5
40. 0
40. 0

66.
7 0.
64.
74.
63.

50
50
50
00
00

_
-

8
8
-

195
17
178
5
-

101
40
61
4
13

115
70
45
3
-

10
3
7
3
-

8
1
7
7
"

5
5
5
-

_
_
-

_

-

51
2
49
9
10

37
18
19
4

-

11
11
2

T y p is t s , c l a s s B _____________________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ---------------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ------------------------------------------------------------------

858
161
697
36
74

40.
40.
4 0.
40.
40.

56.
59.
56.
72.
53.

50
00
00
00
00

18

139
4
135
15

220
36
184
2
30

219
42
177

169
53
116
4
5

61
22
39
6

10
10
10

10
10
4

5
4
1
1

7
7
7

_

_

-

-

1
2
3
4

0
0
0
0
0

-

18
-

2

24

Sta n da rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
I n clu d e s 4 w o r k e r s at $ 35 to $ 4 0 .
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 35 to $ 4 0 .




_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
_
_

.
_
_

_
_

_
_

-

_
_
_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations

(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Denver, C olo., Decem ber 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Average
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Weeklyj Weekly,
earnings1
(Standard) (Standard)

U n der
$
60. 00

! o . 00
and
under
6 5. 00

$
65. 00

$
70. 00

$
75. 00

$
8 0. 00

70. 00

7 5. 00

80. 00 _85±.Q0_ 90. 00

$
85. 00

9 0. 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
9 5. 00 100. 00 1
$05. 00 f i o . 00 115. 00 1 20. 00 125. 00 130. 00 135. 00 1 4 0 .0 0
$
and

95. 00 100, 00 1 0 5 . 00 1 1 0 .0 0 115. 00 L ?0. 00 125. 00 130. 00 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 ,0 0

over

M en

D r a ft s m e n , l e a d e r _______

__

__ __ ________

57

40. 0

$ 1 5 5 .0 0

D r a ft s m e n , s e n i o r ____ __
__
M a n u fa ctu r in g _ ----_

__

__ __ _____
—
____ — ------

503
208

4 0 .0
4 0. 0

125. 00
1 1 4 .0 0

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r
_____,
-------- ----- _ ____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _ __
__ ___
_____ ________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
__
—
_____ _______
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 -----------------------------------------------

198
118
80
50

40.
4 0.
40.
4 0.

2

-

'

"

.

13
9
4
“

6
2
4
-

2

3

4
"

14
2

19
9

27
17

50
32

61
33

7
3
4
“

33
22
11
10

28
16
12
8

34
21
13
9

24
8
16
13

10
3
7
1

15

5

9

3

6

6

1

1

~

0
0
0
0

8 5 . 50
82. 00
9 1 .0 0
9 4. 00

-

27
27
-

-

'

40. 0

8 5. 00

2

3

43
40

—

4

19
5

28
11

-----

-------------

__ _____

39

6

-

1
1
-

-

-

"

"

-

-

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 7 at $ 140 to $ 1 50; 5 at $ 150 to $ 160; 8 at $ 160 to $ 170; 22 at $ 170 to $ 180; 2 at $ 180 to $ 190.
3 W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 38 at $ 140 to $ 150; 1 at $ 150 to $ 160; 57 at $ 160 to $ 170; 6 at $ 170 to $ 180; 13 at $ 180 to $ 190.
4 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
NOTE: See note on p. 5, relating to the in clusion of railroad s.




10
9

9
9

W om en

N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d )

3

1

-

57
40

-

-

1

56
-------—

-

2 44

3 115
------ -----

1

-

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

9

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D e n v e r, C o l o ., D e c e m b e r 1959)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Average
hourly .
earnings1

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e ----------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g - --------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------ —
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ______________________

121
69
52
26

$2. 70
2. 74
2 .6 5
2. 58

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n ce - ---------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g
---------------------------------------- —

217
164

2 .7 9
2. 77

285
179
106
36

82
55

S
U n der
$
1. 70

E n g in e e r s , s t a t io n a r y ---------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
--------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ------------------ ---------------

__

F ir e m e n , s ta tio n a r y b o i l e r ________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------

$

1 .9 0

$

2. 00

$

2. 10

$

2. 20

2. 30

2. 70

$

2. 80

$

2. 90

$

3. 00

$

3. 10

$

3. 20

1. 90

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2. 80

2. 60

2. 70

33
17
16
-

15
15
-

2. 90

3. 00

3. 10

3. 20

_
-

12
12
-

_
-

3. 30

$

3. 30
and

over

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

-

~

19
10

54
54

12
11

39
39

37
-

33
33

4
4

_

-

15
13

.

-

4
-

2 .6 1
2 .7 4
2 .3 9
2. 69

4
4

13
13

3
3

16
8
8
“

1
1
1

16
16
1

12
7
5
3

21
6
15
15

37
29
8
4

33
16
17

35
34
1
"

5
4
1

31
31
-

42
40
2

4
4
-

2 .0 5
2. 34

3 22

9
6

2

-

11
11

10
10

9
9

4
4

17
5
12
12

3
2
1

-

-

-

-

216
210

56
53

-

2. 67
2 .6 6

2. 23
2. 26

-

3
3

8
8

15
15
-

38
38
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
“

-

_

_

i

1
1

~

3
3
-

12
12
12

4
4

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
_
4

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

39
38
1
1

_
-

-

-

30
9
21
21

_
-

-

91
91
91

.
-

-

34
34
-

22
22

-

13
11
2
2

105
105

-

2
2
-

-

-

_
-

3
3

_
-

_
-

2
2
-

98
3
95

54
11
43
43

495
6
489
450

12
5
7
7

2
2
2

2
2
-

_
-

2
2
-

“

26
26
23

_
-

-

37
2
35
23

_

_

_

_

_

30
24

45
45

_

_

_

-

105
105

_

-

4
4

_

-

32
32

-

“

-

13
13

-

24
24

3
3

2
2

-

“

-

-

1
1

“

.

_

_

“

~
_

9
9
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
_
"

-

-

3
-

-

7
7

3
3
.

|

1

89
44

2. 64
2 .8 0

-

-

-

“

-

~

P ip e fit t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e ----------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------

154
148

2 .7 9
2 .7 9

.

.

.

_

.

.

"

“

~

S h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s , m a in t e n a n c e ----------

72

2 .7 5

.

.

„

.

_

_

-

2 .8 8
2. 88

_________ 1

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l lo w s : 16 at $ 1. 20 to $ 1. 30; 6 at $ 1 .5 0 to $ 1 .6 0 .

-

-

-

35
3

10
2

12
9

11
10

6
6

_
■

14
14

_

5
5

13
7

53
53

6
6

37
37

1
1

38
38

1
1

_

.

30

12

5

_

_

25

_

_

_

15
15

14
13

1
1

7
7

8
8

10
10

8
8

2
2

to the in c lu s io n o f r a ilr o a d s ,

7
7
-

86
86
86

-

_

14
8
6

46
8
38
38

-

-

_
-

P a in t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e ------------------------ -----M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------




$

-

2 .6 7
2. 71
2. 67
2. 72

r e la t in g

2. 60

32
6
26
26

733
33
700
548

5,

$

1
1
-

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e (m a in t e n a n c e )-----M a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ----------------------------------------* P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ---------------------------------

N O T E : S ee note on p.

2 .5 0

_
-

2 .6 6
2 .6 9
2 .6 1
2 .6 1

__________

$

-

337
222
115
115

94
93

2. 40

_
-

M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e ----------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------______
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ______________________

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s ------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------

$

l^

_
-

2. 17
2 .0 4
2. 24
2. 23

O il e r s -----------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------ ...........

1. 80

-

214
77
137
136

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n ce ----------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------ —

$

-

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e ____________
M a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------- ----------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ---------------------------------—

_

1. 70
and
u n d er
1. 80

29
29

-

10
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D e n v e r , C o lo . , D e c e m b e r

1959)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r (w om en ) ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___ __ ____________________
R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------- --------------------

102
94
45

$1. 18
1. 17
1 .2 0

G u a rd s _______ _________________________________ _
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________

321
257
64

2. 13
2. 27
1 .6 0

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s (m en ) _______
M a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________________ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____ ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ___________________________
R e t a il t r a d e _________________________________

1, 243
483
760
179
243

1 .6 2
1 .8 9
1 .4 5
1 .7 7
1. 28

20
20
-

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s ( w o m e n ) _____
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________ _____________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________
R e t a il t r a d e _________________________________

344
29
315
37

1 .4 9
1 .7 0
1 .4 7
1 .2 9

_
-

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l ha n dlin g ___________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __ _________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ____ _____________________
R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------------------------------

1 ,7 3 9
300
1 ,4 3 9
841
282

2.
2.
2.
2.
1.

14
09
15
37
89

$
0. 90

$
1. 00

1 .0 0

1. 10

:

$
Average
hourly U n der 0. 80
earnings 2 $
and
u n d er
0. 80
.9 0

40
40
20

12
12

$
is
!$
j$
1*
i$
1. 10
1. 30
1 .4 0
1. 20
1. 50
1. 60
1. 20
1. 30 L 1 •40_ . 1 -5 0 .' i 1 .6 0 i_ l. 7 0
|
!

-

1

!
l
1----- “
l

70
7
63
43

70
17
53
32

71
20
51
37

!
11
1 105

4
4
4

-

14
9
7

1
-

3
3
3

_
_
-

13
13

1
!
i
1

"

13

6
6

! 12
1
! 12
12

1
1
1

-

"
10
10
10

-

20
20
-

\

-

_
' -

;
i
;

2
2
_
-

"

|
!
!

6

!
j

i
j

16
16
9

$
2. 40

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

$
2. 70

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

_2. 60

2. 70

2 .8 0

27
24
3

41
41

49
49
"

6
6
-

-

-

-

"

-

-

.
-

_
-

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

2
2
-

54
54
-

_
-

_
-

1
!

3
3

14
50

:

:

2
2

12

26
26

■

21
12
9
3
4

ill
51
60
45
9

108
81 1
27 I
21 !
6

94
53
41
31
-

40
13
27
23

141
136
5
5
-

37
37
-

20
14
6
6
-

2
2
-

4
4
-

5
1
4 l
-

5
6

5
5
-

_
-

_
-

"

4
4
~

-

-

-

~

94
41
53
7
36

37
9
28
2
16

229
46
183
17
126

77
45
32
23
3

710
8
702
697
5

85
2
83
82
1

10
109
25
84
11

-

-

-

-

37
4
33
3

104
21
83
9

250
32
218
92

168
105
63
2

21
12
9
3

4
4
"

21

_
-

_
-

_
-

10
10
-

15
15
-

2
2
-

36
25
11
-

4
4
-

13
13
-

_
"

16
4

1

2. 80
and
over

122
187
24
4
98
183
20 j
11
32
20

5 1
'
5

116

i

6
3 1
,
!
11
!
11

$
2. 30

29
7
22
16

17
4
13
1

235

29
2
27
27

28
28
24

49
24
25
9
45
6
39
16

32
32
17

i
i

235
3

"

101
62
39
4

4
4

-

87
87
3

!

3

i

64
45
19

1

138
5
133
i

9

~
3 ,
2
1

:
45
45

84
84
"

O r d e r f i l l e r s ---------- -------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________
R e t a il t r a d e _________________________________

904
272
632
207

2. 01
2. 09
1 .9 8
1 .8 8

14

14
14
14

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (m en ) ________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------- ------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------- -------------------R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------------------------------

299
136
163
26

1 .8 4
1 .9 0
1 .7 9
1 .4 7

_
-

_
«-

_
-

_
-

_
-

29
27
2
2

9
4
5
5

16
4
12
12

21
10
11
2

10
2
8
2

17
68
22
46
2

58
2
56
1

________

46

1 .5 7

_

_

_

2

_

_

8

2

8

15

2

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s ----- ------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ________________ _______________

212
47
165
70

1 .9 2
2. l6
1 .8 5
1 .7 6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
3

14
2
12
2

1
1
1

12
12
12

7
7
7

9
9
9

5
5
5

41
7
34
8

20
20
3

18
7
11
1

40
2
38
11

30
20
10
5

9
6
3
3

S hipping c l e r k s ________ __________ ________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------- -------------------------

142
46
96

2. 09
2. 14
2. 06

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
5
6

9
9

18
2
16

25
14
11

40
6
34

29
9
20

6
6
-

4
4
"

_
-

-

_
-

"

S hipping and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s __________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________ __
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
------------------ --------------------

83
40
43

2 .2 9
2. 20
2. 38

-

-

-

2
2
“

"

6
6

2
2
“

10
9
1

13
10
3

18
8
10

6
6

“

"

T r u c k d r iv e r s 5 ______________ _____
_______________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____
_____
___________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ---------- ------------- ------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3
--------------------------- -------R e t a il t r a d e _____
__ __ _ ------------------

2, 374
479
1, 895
1 , 111
350

22
2
20

5
5

5
5

34
11
23
1
22

141
26
115

80
38
42

215
43
172

243
43
200
7
148

260
127
133
3
73

641
42
599
57 5
24

546
78
468
468

87

:

9

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (w om en ) ___________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le.




2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

24
19
25
39
15

-

-

4
4
-

!
1
(

1

$
2. 20

_
-

-

_
-

i

8
8
6

$
2. 10

2. 00 I 2. 10

1 .9 0

i 1 .8 0
|

$
2. 00

$
1 .9 0

1$
i$
| 1 .7 0
1 .8 0

-

-

-

"

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
3

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

_
-

i

ii
2
9
9

!

I

zo
20

:

-

-

- 1

-

5
-

5
-

32
15
17
-

7

-

-

-

-

5

15

12

16
5
-

-

-

_
-

8
8
-

-

-

1
1

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

33

54
13
41

*
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

13
9
4

7
7

6
46

51
7
44
44

4
4
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

11
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e hourly, e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D e n v e r , C o lo . , D e c e m b e r 1959)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccupation 1 and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$
Average
$
hourly 2 Under 0.8 0 0 . 90
earnings
and
under
. 90 1. 00

$
1. 10
“
1. 20

$
1. 00
"
1. 10

$
$
$
$
1 .2 0
1. 30 1.40
1. 50 1. 60
■
“
“
_
“
1. 30 1.40 J 1.50 1 1. 60 ! 1.70
!
1
1
1

T ru ck d rivers 5— Continued
T ru c k d riv e r s , light (under IV 2 t o n s )— _ _
M an u factu rin g-------- ------------ — -----------N onm anufacturing------------------------------------P u blic u tilit ie s 3
--------- — —
R etail t r a d e ----------- — ------- __
T ru c k d riv e r s , m edium (I V 2 to and
including 4 t o n s ) -----------------------------------------M anufacturing — --------- — — — -----N onm anufacturing------ — - _ —
Public u tilit ie s 3 — — — — —
Retail t r a d e ------- __ ------- — __ -----T ru ck d riv e rs , heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
tr a ile r type)
_ __ __ ____ __ __ _
M anufacturin g____________________________
N onm anufacturing —
— __
— ------P ublic u tilities 3 ----------------- — —

413
113
300
44
37
1,072
237
835
584
75

-

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

-

26
26
25
36
00

-

-

3
3

-

22
2
20

-

$1.96
1.93
1.97
2. 38
1. 90

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

|

625
46
579
465

"

2.41
2.47
2.41
2 .4 3

-

i
-

I

-

-

5
5
-

180

2. 17

-

-

-

-

-

T ru ck e rs , pow er ( fo r k l i ft ) ------- __ __
__ ----M anufacturing ____________________________ _
Nonmanufacturing ---- ----------------------- -----Public utilities 3 _________________________

529
291
238
117

2. 18
2. 14
2. 24
2.41

_

.

.

_

-

-

-

W atch m en ---------------------------------- ------- -----Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------

152
75
77

1. 60
1. 64
1. 56

_

_

-

-

4
4

15
13
2

-

|

-

!

5
3
2

j

1 D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 4 at $ 2 . 8 0 to $ 2 . 9 0 ; 2 at $ 2 . 9 0 to $ 3 .
5 I n clu d e s a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s i z e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .

4




5,

5
5
-

7

-

18
11
7
1
6

1

i

'' -

|

10
10
1
-

-

16
16
16

5

1

j

86
8
78
55
18
37
!

5

$

$
2. 10
“
2. 20

2 . 00

2.10

17
17
'
54
12
| 42
j
15

87
19
68
-

$
2. 30
2.40

$
2.40
2. 50

$
2. 50
2. 60

$
2. 60
■
2. 70

$
2. 70
2. 80

$
2. 80
and
over

51
3
48
5
3
j
1
1
1

17
16
1
1
-

7
7
1
6

41
8
33
33

4
1
3
3

.
-

2
2
-

_
-

37
16
21
2
19

149
88
61
2
20

576
2
574
574
-

73
67
6
6
-

14
14
-

-

1
1
-

-

5

37
2
35
-

33
15
18
-

426
3
423
423

60
18
42
2

47
7
40
40

1
1
-

-

134

108
20
88
12

|

$
2. 20
_
2. 30

28

16

2

"

-

-

59
21
38
-

158
150
8
-

5
1
4
-

121
4
117
117

9
9
-

1
1
-

-

14
10
4

6
2
4

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

1

I
;
-

!

.

S ee n ote on p.

15
7

22

$
$
1. 80 1. 90
■
■
1 .9 0 2. 00

i
1

-

-

-

-

1----3---- I
-

1

-

,
-

-

1 16
16
-

!
!
,

5
_

i

T ru ck d riv e rs , heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
other than tr a ile r type) ____________________

NOTE:

$
1. 70
“
1.80

$

r e la t in g to the in c lu s io n o f r a il r o a d s .

-

-

-

_

-

;
'

-

7
5
2

7
2
5

1

29 I
5 1
24

_

21
21
-

-

11
-

11

‘
!

3
3
_

-

! 2
1 ^—
—
-

j
i

-

-

1 76
; 54

51
15
36
-

22

-

33

27
6

26

1

11
1

9
5

I
1

3

1

_

-

-

-

3

1

1

3

5
-

5

4

.

-

L.




12

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l, Shift Differentials

(P e rc e n t of m an u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts having fo rm a l p r o v isio n s fo r sh ift w ork , and in e sta b lish m e n ts
a c tu a lly op eratin g late sh ifts b y type and am ount of d iffe r e n tia l, D en v er, C olo., D e c em b e r 1959)
Sh ift d iffe r e n tia l

In e sta b lish m e n ts having fo rm a l
p r o v isio n s 1 fo r—

In e sta b lish m e n ts a ctu a lly
op eratin g—
T hird or oth er
Second sh ift
sh ift

Second sh ift
w ork

Third or other
sh ift w ork

8 6 .4

79. 7

1 2 .9

4 .2

W ith sh ift pay d iffe r e n tia l-----------------------------------

8 6 .4

7 9 .7

1 2 .9

4 .2

U niform cen ts (per h o u r ) ------------------------------

7 7 .2

68. 7

12. 8

4. 0

c e n t s --------------------------------------------------------6 c e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------7 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------------7Va c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------8 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------------10 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------12 cen ts ------------------------------------------------------12Va cen ts --------------------------------------------------I 3 V3 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------13^3 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------14 cen ts ------------------------------------------------------15 cen ts ------------------------------------------------------1 6 cen ts ------------------------------------------------------19 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------U niform p e r c e n ta g e ----------------------------------------

8. 0
16. 5
5 .3
3. 0
8. 3
16. 7
3. 5

_
1 3 .8
2. 0

1 .0
4. 1
.8
.6
1 .3
2. 1
.3
1 .4

5 p e r c e n t ---------------------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t ---------------------------------------------------

2. 1
2. 7

T otal -

------------------- ---------

5

-

6 .3
1 .5
3 .9
4 .2
4. 8

-

15. 1
14. 7
1 .6
3. 7
-

1 .7
1 1 .2
1 .0
3 .9

-

.2
.4
.1
.1
.3
.2

-

1.2
“
-

-

-

-

-

-

.1

.2

-

"

~
-

"

1

F u ll d ay's pay for red u ced h o u r s ----------------

-

O ther fo r m a l pay d iffe r e n tia l-----------------------

4. 4

9 .9

-

-

No sh u t pay d iffe r e n tia l--------------------------------------

-

_

2. 7

1
Includ es e sta b lish m e n ts cu rr e n tly op eratin g la te s h ifts , and e sta b lish m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v isio n s co v e r in g la te sh ifts
even though th ey w e r e not cu r r e n tly op eratin g la te sh ifts.

13
Table B-2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D istrib u tion of esta b lish m en ts studied in a ll in d u stries and in in du stry d iv isio n s by m inim um entra n ce s a la ry fo r se le c te d ca te g o rie s
of in e x p e rie n ce d w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s , D en v er, C o lo . , D e ce m b e r 1959)

Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum weekly salary 1

All
industries

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—
All
s chedules

Establishments studied ----------------------------------Establishments having a
specified m inim um ---------------------------------------$37. 50 and under $40„ 00 --------------------------$40.00 and under $42.50 --------------------------$42. 50 and under $45. 00 --------------------------$45. 00 and under $47. 50 --------------------------$47. 50 and under $50. 00 --------------------------$ 50.00 and under $ 52.50 --------------------------$52. 50 and under $55. 00 --------------------------$ 55.00 and under $ 57.50 --------------------------$57. 50 and under $60. 00 --------------------------$ 60.00 and under $ 62.50 --------------------------$62. 50 and under $65. 00 --------------------------$65. 00 and under $67. 50 --------------------------$67. 50 and under $70. 00 --------------------------$70. 00 and under $72.50 --------------------------$ 72.50 and over ----------------------------------------Establishments having no
specified m inim um ---------------------------------------Establishments which did not
employ w orkers in this cate g o ry ------------------

Other inexperienced clerica l w orkers 2
Nonm anufa c tur ing

Manufacturing
All

40

All
s chedules

40

All
schedules

154

48

XXX

106

XXX

154

1
8
4

24
-

23
-

39

1
6
4
4
2
8

36
-

5
2
2
1
1

2
2
1
1

1
8
2
17
6
5
6
5
2
1
1
1

63

5
3
14

6
7
6
3
2
1
1
1
1

43
48

2
1
1
6
3
2
4
3
-

1
1
-

14

10

2
1
1
5
3
2
4
3

1
1
-

-

3
-

-

6
4
4
2
7

3
4
-

-

71

9
7

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—

48

20
1
1
1
7
2
1
3
-

3
-

1
-

40

All
schedules

40

XXX

106

XXX

19
-

1
8
7
7
1
10

45
-

2
2
1
1

2
2
1
1

1
1
1
6
2
1
3
3
-

1
-

-

-

51

4
4
3
-

8
1
8
5
7

3
4
3

XXX

29

XXX

43

14

XXX

29

XXX

XXX

38

XXX

40

14

XXX

26

XXX

1 L ow est s a la ry rate fo r m a lly e sta b lis h ed fo r h irin g in e x p e rie n ce d w o rk e r s fo r typing or other c l e r i c a l jo b s .
2 R ates a p p lica b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ffic e g ir ls , or s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a re not co n s id e r e d .
3 H ours r e f le c t the w ork w eek fo r w hich em p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s . Data a re p resen ted fo r a ll w ork w eek s com b in ed , and fo r the m ost c o m m o n w ork w eek rep o rte d .
N O TE:




See note on p. 14, relatin g to the in clu sio n of r a ilr o a d s .

14

_JableE_-3.
(P e rc e n t d istrib u tion of office and plant w ork ers in a ll in d u stries and in in dustry d iv isio n s by sch edu led w eek ly hours
of fir s t-s h ift w o r k e r s , D en ver, C o lo ., D ecem b er 1959)
W eekly hours

Manufacturing

OFFICE WORKERS
Public
utilities a

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

2
2
4
89
1
2

1
98

-

1
98

1
2
79
7
8
3

AU
industries j

A ll w ork ers --------------------------------------------------------U nder 37Vz hours ----------------------------------------------3 7 V hours ----------------------------- --------------------- _-----2
O ver 3 7 V2 and under 40 hours --------------------------40 hours ------------------------------------------------------------O ver 40 and under 44 hours -----------------------------44 hours -------------------------------------------------------------O ver 44 and under 48 hours -----------------------------48 hours -------------------------------------------------------------O ver 48 hours -----------------------------------------------------1
a
3
4

(4 )
(4 )

-

1
-

-

(4 )
-

PLANT WORKERS

-

Finance

All
industries 3

Manufacturing

100

100

2
2
-

4

81
1
3
1
9
1

6

-

88
-

2

Includes data for w h o le sa le trade; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n sep a r a te ly .
T ransportation , com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s.
Includes data for w h o le sa le trad e, r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n sep a r a te ly .
L e ss than 0 .5 p e rcen t.




NOTE: E stim a te s for a ll in d u stries and public u tilitie s in clude data for ra ilro a d s (SIC 40), om itted from the sco p e of a ll lab or m a rk et
w age su rv ey s m ade b efore the w in ter of 1 9 5 9 -6 0 . W here sig n ifica n t, the e ffec t of the in clu sio n of ra ilro a d s is g r e a te st on the
data show n sep a r a te ly for the public u tilitie s d iv isio n .

Public
utilities 2
100
-

100
-

Retail trade
100
-

70
2
1
21

6

15
Table B-4. Ppid Holidays

(P ercen t d istrib u tion of o ffice and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u stries and in in dustry d iv isio n s by num ber of paid ho lid ay s
provided an nually, D enver, C olo. , D ecem b er 1959)
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

All
industries I

A l l w o r k e r s ___________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l id a y s _______________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id h o l id a y s __________________________ _________

N um ber o f

Public 2
utilities

Retail trade

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

99

99

10 0

1

1

27
-

Finance

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Retail trade

10 0

10 0

10 0

99

88

96

96

78

-

1

12

4

4

22

1

56
-

18
56
-

10

26

100

days

1 h o l i d a y _______________________________________________
5 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
6 h o l id a y s _ ___________________________________________
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ___________________________
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ________________________
7 h o l id a y s _____________________________________________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y __________________________
8 h o l i d a y s ________________ ___ ____ _ _______ ____ ____
10 h o l i d a y s
___ ___

T o ta l h o li.d a y

Manufacturing

PLANT WORKERS

(4 )
31
(4 )
3
36

1
28
(4 )

6

1

81

2
13
-

2

-

1

i
j
!

(4 )
46
4
26
-

11

3
*

-

37
-

10
32
17

~

-

11

74
4
-

58
24
“

-

tim e 5

10 d a y s
_____ _________ ____________________________
8 o r m o r e d a y s _________________________________ ____
7 7 2 o r m o r e d a y s ___________________________________
7 o r m o r e d a y s _________________ _____________________
6 V 2 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________
6 o r m o r e d a y s _________________________ _____________
5 o r m o r e d a y s __ ____ ___________________________ __
1 o r m o r e d a y s __ ____________________________________

(4)
28
29

68
68
99
99
99

10
10
72
72
99
99

99

26
26
83
83

100
10 0

100

2
2

11
11

16
17
98
99

42
42
87
87

99

88

17
17
59
59
96
96
96

24
24
82
82
93
93
96

-

4
4
78
78
78

1 Includes data for w h o lesa le trade; finance, in su ra n ce, and r ea l esta te; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
2 T ransportation , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
3 Includes data for w h o lesa le trad e, r ea l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in dustry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely .
4 L e ss than 0 .5 p ercen t.
5 A ll com binations of fu ll and half days that add to the sam e am ount a re com bined; for exam p le, the proportion of w o rk ers receiv in g a total of 7 days in clu d es th ose w ith 7 fu ll days and
no half d ays, 6 fu ll days and 2 half d a ys, 5 fu ll days and 4 half da ys, and so on. P rop ortion s w ere then cum ulated.
NOTE; See note on p. 14, relatin g to the in clu sio n of ra ilro a d s.




16
Table B-5. Pgid Vacations

(P ercen t d istrib u tion of office and plant w o rk ers in a ll in d u stries and in in dustry d iv isio n s by vacation pay
p r o v isio n s, D en ver, C o lo ., D ecem b er 1959)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
AU
industries i
1

A l l w o r k e r s _______________________________

M e th o d

_____

__

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 2

Retail trade

Finance

AU *
industries 3

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
( 4)
-

100
98
2
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
92
8
-

100
82
18
_

100
100
_

100
98
2
_
_

-

-

-

off p a y m e n t

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s _____________________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t - ____________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ___________________________
F la t -s u m paym ent
__
_____
O t h e r _ ______________________
_________ _____
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s ___ ____________________________

A m o u n t off v a c a t i o n

-

"

“

1
33

3
13

_

_

53

7

6
14

12
5

-

-

-

-

( 4)

-

38
9
52
1

24
36
36
4

64
36
-

82
18
-

-

-

-

11
14
73
2

11
36
49
4

-

“

p a y 5

A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek
1 w eek
2 w eeks

_____

47
3

2
10

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s
______ _
_ __ __ __
2 w eeks
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

75
9
15
-

75
13
12
-

-

( 4)

-

3
25
72
-

20
80
-

53
12
31
4

-

-

46
10
42
2
l 4)

-

_

49
23
26
_
3

85

15
25
56
_
3

50
2
48
_

7
7
81
4

11
25
61

14
2
85
-

15
_

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
_ _
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _ _______________
2 w e e k s _____ __ __ _
_ __ ________
__ _____
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____ _ __ _____ __
3 w e e k s ________________ ______________________ ___

-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 m ipp Ic
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w eeks
_ ______
_____
____
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s
____ _______________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

3

3

_

4

-

13
8
77
2

-

(4)

-

3

2
89
9

3

_

_

( 4)
90
2
4

91
4
5

97
3

-

-

-

-

95
2

93
4

100

96

-

"

1
90
3
7

1
89
4
7

-

-

-

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
_
O ver 1 and
2 w eeks
_
O ver 2 and
3 w eeks

_____
___________ _______________
under 2 w e e k s _
__________
_
_ _ ____
u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___ ____ __ _ _____
______ __ _________ ___
________________

See footnotes at end of table,




_
100
-

11
2
82
_
6

17
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v is io n s , D e n v e r, C o lo . , D e ce m b e r 1959)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a tio n p o lic y

A m o u n t off v a c a t i o n

All
.
industries 1

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance

AU
industries

3

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Retail trade

p a y 5— C o n tin u e d

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________ ___ ______
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w eeks
________ _____ _________ ____
_______

1
67
3
30

1
81
2
16

1
13
85
1

1
8
87
4

1
10
77
1
11

1
8
84
5
1

1
10
67
1
22

1
8
66
4
21

_
96
2
2

2
80
18

_
8
92

2
32
66

-

-

_

_

2
16

78
3
19

73
2
25

4
23
68
5

_

_

16
80
4

1
76
23

16
75
7
2

1
76
23
-

4
78

12
78
_
10

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
3 w eeks
_______ ______ _____________________________
_____________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s
A f t e r 20 y e a r s

12
24
64
-

o f s e r v ic e

U n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------2 w eeks
_ __
_ ______
3 w eeks
_______________________________ _______
O ve r 3 and under 4 w e e k s
4 w eeks
---------------------------------------------------------------------

_
8
89
3

2
28
66
4

4
23
65

2
27
31
40

3
( 4)
22
52
5
17

7
2

12
23
61
_

3

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
___
_ _ _ ______
_
____
1 w eek
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s
_ __________
2 w eeks
3 w eeks
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s
______________________
4 w eeks

1
2
3
4
5
s e r v ic e

_

8
89
3

I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .

NOTE:
S e e n o t e on p . 1 4 ,
p e r ce n ta g e o f an n u al e a rn in g s o r




re la tin g
to th e i n c l u s i o n
fla t-s u m p a y m e n ts, w e re

.
_

_

16
52
4
28

1
76
23

11
2
21
51
_

16

th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a t e d a t 10 y e a r s '

o f r a ilr o a d s .
In t h e t a b u la t io n s o f v a c a t i o n a l l o w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e ,
p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s
c o n v e r t e d t o a n e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .

18
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 9 )

OFFICE WORKERS
T y p e o f b e n e f it

All
industries

A l l w o r k e r s ________________________ _____ _______

1

Manufacturing

100

100

Public
utilities 2

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

100

100

Finance

All
industries

100

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

100

100

100

89

71

Retail trade

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g :
L i f e i n s u r a n c e _____ _______ ____________________
A c c id e n t a l d ea th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e __________ __________________________
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 4 __________________________

82

90

73

77

78

83

52

70

66

52

56

54

83

53

77

87

89

85

76

81

80

77

41

66

28

54

52

69

43

33

S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e _______
S ic k l e a v e (f u ll p a y a n d no
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ---------------------- ----------- ----S ic k l e a v e (p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) __________________________

46

30

81

33

12

5

30

13

17

42

5

18

26

26

24

36

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ___________________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e _______________________ ____
M e d i c a l in s u r a n c e _______ _____ _______________
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e _______________________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n __________________ ________
N o h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p l a n ___

77
77
57
30
67
5

89
89
50
6
76
4

72
72
69
55
61

60
60
22
36
59
4

72
72
61
19
47
7

85
85
73
4
51
3

76
76
69
39
84

58
58
44
37
32
6

2

1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . S i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t
m in i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s 1 p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d o n a n in d iv i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
NOTE:

S ee




n o te o n p .

14,

r e l a t i n g t o th e i n c l u s i o n o f r a i l r o a d s .

l e a s t th e

19

Appendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classify in g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. T his is
essen tial in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
B ecause of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the B ureau's field econom ists are
instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers,
part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, m achine, are
classified by type of machine, as follow s:
Biller, machine (hilling machine)— U ses a sp ecial billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by m achine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E llio tt F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally in ­
volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on custom ers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slip s.

O perates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ational Cash R egister, with or without
a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of b usiness tran sactio n s.




Class A— K eeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in b asic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determ ines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance
sh eets, and other records by hand.
Class B— Keeps a record of one or more phases or sectio n s of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of b asic book­
keeping. P h ases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers’ accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under biller, m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sh eets for the accounting departm ent.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class A— Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sectio n s of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an e sta b lish ­
ment’s b usiness tran sactio n s. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

20

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—~Continued
payable; exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting distribution; requires judgment and experience in making
proper assig n ation s and allo catio n s. May a s s is t in preparing, ad­
justing and closing journal en tries; may direct c la ss B accounting
clerks.

Class B — Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers or a c ­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher reg isters;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers, or posting sim ple co st accounting d ata. T his
job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping
principles but is found in offices in which the more routine account­
ing work is subdivided on a functional b asis among several w orkers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A — In an estab lish ed filing system containing a num­

ber of varied subject m atter file s, c la ssifie s and indexes co rres­
pondence or other m aterial; may also file this m aterial. May keep
records of various types in conjunction with files or may super­
vise others in filing and locating m aterial in the file s. May per­
form incidental clerical d u ties.
Class B — Performs routine filing, usually of m aterial th at has
already been classified or which is easily identifiable, or lo cates
or a s s is ts in locating m aterial in file s. May perform incidental
clerical d u ties.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives cu sto m ers'o rd ers for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. D uties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sh eet listing the item s
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; distributing order sh eets to respective departm ents to be filled.
May check with credit departm ent to determ ine credit rating of custom er,
acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check ship­
ping invoices with original orders.




CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the n e c e s­
sary data on the payroll sh eets. D uties involve: C alculating w orkers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calcu lated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as w orker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a s s is t paym aster in making up and d istrib ut­
ing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform m athem a­
tic al com putations. This job is not to be confused with that of s ta tis ­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, reproduces m ultiple copies of typew ritten or handw ritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or D itto m achine. Makes n ecessary adjustm ent such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare ste n c il or D itto m aster. May keep file of used ste n c ils or D itto
m asters. May sort, co llate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory resp o n si­
b ilitie s, records accounting and sta tis tic a l data on tabulating cards by
punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence, using
an alphabetical or a num erical keypunch m achine, following w ritten in­
formation on records. May duplicate cards by using the duplicating de­
vice attached to m achine. May keep files of punch card s. May verify
own work or work of others.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, op­
erating minor office m achines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and
distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.

21
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
m inistrative or executive position. D uties include making appointm ents
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answ ering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential m ail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiativ e; taking dictation (where
transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information
reproduced on a transcribing m achine. May prepare sp ecial reports or
memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a nor­
mal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in or­
der, keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine
work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, involving a varied
technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on
scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a typew riter. May
also type from w ritten copy. May also se t up and keep files in order,
keep sim ple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone sw itchboard.
D uties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office c a lls.
May record toll calls and take m essages. May give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers
who also act as receptionists see sw itchboard operator-receptionist.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type sw itchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. T his typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s time w hile at
sw itchboard.




TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A— O perates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c ­
counting m achines, typically including such m achines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignm ents without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagram s and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of
a group of tabulating-m achine operators.
Class B— O perates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. T his work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a com plete but
sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well estab lish ed . May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the m achine.
Class C— O perates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include sim ple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs, or re­
petitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. May also type from written
copy and do sim ple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation in­
volving a varied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as legal briefs
or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who takes
dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified
as a stenographer, general.

22
TYPIST

TYPIST— Continued

U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of ste n c ils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicat­
ing p ro cesses. May do clerical work involving little sp ecial training,
such as keeping sim ple records, filing records and reports, or sorting
and distributing incoming m ail.

Class A— Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, sy llab icatio n , punc-

tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; planning layout and typing of com plicated s ta tis tic a l tab les
to m aintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying d etails to su it circum stances.

Class B— Perform s one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licies,
etc.; setting up sim ple standard tabulations, or copying more com­
plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PR O FE SSIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(A ssistan t draftsm an)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or m anufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare draw ings
from sim ple plans or sk etch es, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsm an.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
P lans and d irects activ ities of one or more draftsm en in prep­
aration of working plans and d etail drawings from rough or prelim inary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. D uties
involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints, sk etches,
and written or verbal orders; determ ining work procedures; assigning
duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; performing more dif­
ficult problem s. May a s s is t subordinates during em ergencies or as a
regular assignm ent, or perform related duties of a supervisory or ad­
m inistrative nature.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and d etail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
po ses. D uties involve a combination of the following: Preparing work­
ing plans, detail draw ings, m aps, cro ss-sectio n s, etc ., to scale by use
of drafting instrum ents; making engineering com putations such as those




DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR— Continued
involved in strength of m aterials, beam s and tru sses; verifying com­
pleted work, checking dim ensions, m aterials to be used, and quantities;
writing sp ecificatio n s; making adjustm ents or changes in drawings or
specificatio n s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil draw ings, prepare
detail units of complete draw ings, or trace draw ings. Work is frequently
in a specialized field such as architectural, electrical, m echanical, or
structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
prem ises of a factory or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combina­
tion of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees’ injuries; keeping records of p atients
treated; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other purposes;
conducting physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environm ent, or other
activ ities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of all personnel.

TRACER
C opies plans and draw ings prepared by others, by placing trac­
ing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pen cil. U ses
T -square, com pass, and other drafting too ls. May prepare sim ple draw­
ings and do sim ple lettering.

23

M AINTENANCE

D PO W ER PLA N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, sta irs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable
power tools, and standard measuring instrum ents; making standard shop
com putations relating to dim ensions of work; selecting m aterials nec­
essary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam . Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water and safety
valves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
in stallatio n , m aintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transform ers, sw itchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transm ission equipment; working from blueprints, draw ings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard com putations relating to
load requirem ents of wiring or electrical equipment; using a variety of
electrician ’s handtools and measuring and testin g instrum ents. In gen­
eral, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and
boiler-fed w ater pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a record of
operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May also
supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments
employing more than one engineer are excluded .




HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesse r sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assistin g worker by holding m aterials or tools;
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time b asis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S pecializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gauges,
jigs, fixtures, or d ies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision m easuring instrum ents; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and op­
eration sequence; making necessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recog­
nize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classificatio n.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
sp ecificatio n s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
ch inist’s handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; setting up and

24

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued
operating standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions of work,
tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working prop­
erties of the common m etals; selectin g standard m aterials, parts, and
equipm ent required for his work; fitting and assem bling parts into me­
chanical equipm ent. In general, the m achinist’s work normally requires
a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, b uses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Examining autom otive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
gauges, d rills, or sp ecialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustm ents; alining w heels, adjusting brakes and
lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the autom otive
m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and m echan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly d is­
m antling m achines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replace­
ment part by a m achine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop
for major repairs; preparing w ritten specificatio n s for major repairs or
for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling .ma­
chines; and making a ll n ecessary adjustm ents for operation. In general,
the work of a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classificatio n are workers
w hose primary duties involve settin g up or adjusting m achines.

MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipm ent and dism antles and
in sta lls m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes in the plant layout




MILLWRIGHT— Continued

are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stre sse s, strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts
to be used; installing and maintaining in good order power transm ission
equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m ill­
w right's work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the
trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

OILER
L ubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipment of an establishm ent.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
P aints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishm ent. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in
nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray gun or brush. May
mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a for­
mal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
In stalls or repairs w ater, steam , gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other w ritten specifications; cutting various siz es of pipe to correct
lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting ma­
chine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop com putations relating to p ressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; making standard te sts to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications* In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building

sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

25

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
K^eps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plum ber's snake. In
general, the work of the m aintenance plumber requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiv­
alent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F abricates, in stalls, and m aintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels,
or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of
sheet-m etal-w orking m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting,
bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; installin g sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance
sheet-m etal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

(D iem aker; jig maker; toolm aker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
C onstructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and w ritten sp ecificatio n s;
using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision m eas­
uring instrum ents, understanding of the working properties of common
m etals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipm ent; making necessary shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required q u alities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; selectin g appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die m aker's
work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

T ransports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartm ent house, department store, hotel or sim ilar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishm ent. D uties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor m ainte­
nance serv ices; cleaning lavatories, show ers, and restroom s. Workers
who sp ecialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine police d u ties, either at fixed post or on tour,
m aintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary . Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or prem ises of an office, apartm ent house, or commercial




(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or w arehouse helper)

A worker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or more of the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

26
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING— Continued
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; tran s­
porting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or wheelbarrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; w arehouse stockm an)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slip s, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indi­
cating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders requisi­
tion additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipm ent or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipm ent. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying lab els or
entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden

boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipm ents of merchandise or other m aterials. Shipping
work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes,
available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the
goods shipped, making -up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping
charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a s s is t in
preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent. Receiving work involves: V eri­
fying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipm ents against
bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and
rejecting damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper de­
partm ents; m aintaining necessary records and files.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or men betw een various types of esta b ­
lishm ents such as: M anufacturing p lants, freight depots, w arehouses,
w holesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishm ents
and custom ers' houses or places of b u sin ess. May also load or unload
truck with or w ithout helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipm ent, as follow s: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under lV2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport- goods and m aterials of all kinds about a
w arehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illeg al entry.
☆ u.s.

G OV E R N M E NT P R I N T I N G OF F IC E : I 9 6 0 0 — 5 4 19 2 1

Occupational Wage Surveys
O c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s a r e b e i n g c o n d u c t e d in 6 0 m a jo r la b o r m a r k e t s d u r in g l a t e 1 9 5 9 a n d e a r l y I 9 6 0 . T h e s e b u l l e t i n s , w h e n a v a i l a b l e ,
m a y b e p u r c h a s e d fro m t h e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n 2 5 , D . C . , or from a n y o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l
s a le s o ffic e s sh ow n b elo w .
A s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n c o n t a i n i n g d a t a f o r a l l l a b o r m a r k e t s , c o m b i n e d w i t h a d d i t i o n a l a n a l y s i s , w i l l b e i s s u e d e a r l y in 1 9 6 1 .
B u l l e t i n s for th e a r e a s l i s t e d b e l o w a r e n o w a v a i l a b l e .




C le v e la n d , O h io , S ep tem b er 1 9 5 9 — B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -1 , p rice 20 c e n t s
S e a t t le , W a sh ., A u g u s t 1 9 5 9 — B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 - 2 , p r ic e 25 c e n t s
D a lla s , T e x ., O cto b er 1 9 5 9 — B L S B u ll. 1 2 6 5 -3 , p rice 20 c e n ts





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102