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Occupational Wage Survey

PORTLAND, O REGO N
A P R IL

1959

B u lle tin N o . 1 2 4 0 - 2 0

U N IT E D

STATES

Jam es




DEPARTM ENT

P. M it c h e ll,

OF

S e c re ta ry

LABO R

BU
REAU OF LABOR ST T T S
A IS IC
Ewan Clogwe, C
ommiinonar




Occupational Wage Survey




PORTLAND, OREGON
A P R IL 1959

Bulletin No. 1240-20
June 1959
U N IT E D

STATES

DEPARTM ENT

Jam es

P.

OF

M it c h e ll,

LABO R
S e c re ta ry

BU
REAU OF LABOR ST T IC
A IST S
Ewan Claguo, Commiuionwr

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 20 cents

The
in

L ib r a r y

w h ic h

of

th is

C o n gre ss
p u b lic a t io n

h as

c a t a lo g e d

ap p e ars

as

th e

s e r ie s

fo llo w s :




Library of Congress

ir58t2]

C o n gre ss

h as

c a t a lo g e d

th is

fo llo w s :

Nov. 1949-

issued as its Bulletin (HD8051.A62)

1. Wages—U. S. 2. Non-wage payments—U. S. t Employee bene­
2.
fits]
i. Title.
(Series: U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Bul­
letin)

1. Labor and laboring classes—U. S.—Period.

331.06173

of
as

v. 23-26 cm
.

v. illus. 10-28 cm
.

Bimonthly, Nov. 1895-May 1912; irregular, July 1912No. 1-111 issued by the Bureau of Labor.

HD8051.A62

L ib r a r y

U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Occupational wage survey. 1949Washington, U. S. Govt. Print. Off.

U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Bulletin, no. 1Nov. 1895Washington.
no. in

The

p u b lic a t io n

15-23307 rev*J

HD4973.A462

331.2973

U. S. Dept, of Labor.
for Library of Congress

Library
(57r52nl]f

L 49—125*

Contents

Preface

Page
The Community Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers. The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits. A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following
the payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional
data not included in the earlier report. A consolidated
analytical bulletin summarizing the results of all of the
year*s surveys is issued after completion of the final'^Lrea
bulletin for the current round of surveys.
This report was prepared in the Bureau*s regional
office in San Francisco, C a lif., by William P. 0*Connor,
under the direction of John L. Dana, Regional Wage and
Industrial Relations Analyst.




Introduction _______________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups___________________________
Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey ____________
2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected periods__________________
A:

Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations __________________________________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations ___________________
A - 3. Maintenance and power plant occupations__________________
A -4 . Custodial and material movement occupations____________

Appendix: Occupational descriptions

___________________________________

* NOTE: \Similar tabulations for most of these items are
available\in the Portland area reports for June 1951, Sep­
tember 1952 and 1953, and April of each year since 1955.
Most of the reports include data on shift differential provi­
sions; minimum entrance rates for women office workers;
scheduled weekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, insurance, and pension plans. The 1953 report (BLS
Bull. 1157-1) also provides a tabulation of the rate of pay
for holiday work; the 1955 report, data on pay provisions
for holidays falling on nonworkdays, and frequency of wage
payment.
Both the 1953 and 1958 reports provide data on
overtime pay practices, wage structure characteristics, and
labor-management agreements. A directory indicating date
of study and the price of the reports, as well as reports
for other major areas, is available upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and sup­
plementary wage practices in the Portland area are also
available for auto dealer repair shops (May 1958), and bank­
ing (June 1958). A report on occupational earnings is also
available for the machinery industries (December 1958). Data
for supplementary wage practices were included in the ma­
chinery industries report of December 1957. Union scales,
indicative of prevailing pay levels, are available for the fol­
lowing trades or industries: Building construction, printing,
local-transit operating employees, and motortruck drivers
and helpers.

1
2
1
2
3
5
6
7
9




Introduction

This area is one of several important industrial centers in
which the U. S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics
conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an area basis.

based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.

The bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field agents in the last previous survey for occu­
pations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reDorting unusual changes
since the previous survey.

The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job. (See appendix for listing of these descriptions.) Earnings data
are presented (in the A -series tables) for the following types of oc­
cupations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) main­
tenance and power plant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

In each area, data are obtained from representative establish­
ments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transpor­
tation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities;
wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and
services. Major industry groups excluded from these studies, besides
railroads, are government operations and the construction and ex­
tractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed
number of workers are omitted also because they furnish insufficient
employment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion.1 Wher­
ever possible, separate tabulations are provided for each of the broad
industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied.
In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates

1 See table below for minimum-size establishment covered.
Table 1.

Occupations and Earnings

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Portland, Or eg. , 1 by m ajor industry division,* April 1959
.Number of eaitablishments

Industry division

Within scope
of study*

Workers in es(tablishments
Studied

Within scope
of study

Studied

549
Manufacturing
............. - n —
. ----- — -------------------- ---Nonmanufacturing ------------ ----------- — ...... ..... ................. ....
.....
.....
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication.
and other public utilities 4 —. ■■
■ ............. —
------ — ...........-......
Wholesale trade 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------------ -Retail t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Finance, insurance, and real es ta te * -------------------------------------------Services s* 4 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

148

96,100

51,920

227
322

65
83

49,100
47,000

26,210
25,710

52
95
86
46
43

21
20
20
10
12

13,700
7,500
15,400
6,600
3,800

10,780
2,610
7,450
3,400
1,470

1 Portland Metropolitan Area (Clackamas, Multnomah, and Washington Counties, O re g ., and Clark County, W ash.). The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a
reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other area em­
ployment indexes to measure employment trends or levels since (l) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the pay period studied and (2) small
establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
* The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division. Major changes from the earlier edition used in previous surveys
are the transfer of milk pasteurization plants and ready mixed concrete establishments from trade (wholesale or retail) to manufacturing, and the transfer of radio and television broadcasting from services
to the transportation, communication, and other public utilities division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum-size limitation (51 employees). A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto
repair service, and motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Also excludes taxicabs, and services incidental to water transportation.
s This industry division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, although coverage was insufficient to justify separate presentation of data.
4 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations; and engineering and architectural services.




2

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
o c c u p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d to ob ta in
tio n a l g r o u p . F in a lly , the r a t io o f th e s e
y e a r to the a g g r e g a te f o r the b a s e p e r io d
w a s c o m p u te d an d the r e s u lt m u ltip lie d
g et the in d e x f o r the g iv e n y e a r .

T h e ta b le b e lo w p r e s e n ts in d e x e s o f s a la r ie s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l
w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u rse s , and o f a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d
plant w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the in d e x e s
r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o rm a l h o u r s o f w o r k , that is ,
the sta n d a rd w o r k s ch e d u le f o r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n g e s in s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s , e x clu d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k ­
e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
T h e in d e x e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r
s e le c t e d k e y o c c u p a tio n s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t
jo b s w ith in e a c h g ro u p . T h e o f f ic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in
th e fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i l l e r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e ); b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c l e r k s , file ,
c l a s s A and B ; c l e r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; k e y -p u n ch o p e r a t o r s ;
o f f ic e g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; s te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a ­
t o r s ; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ;
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; an d ty p is ts , c la s s A and B .
T h e in d u s tr ia l n u rse data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s . M en
in the fo llo w in g 10 s k ille d m a in ten a n ce jo b s and 3 u n s k ille d jo b s w e r e
in clu d e d in th e plant w o r k e r data: S k illed — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ;
m a c h in is ts ; m e c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; m illw r ig h ts ; p a in t e r s ;
p ip e fit t e r s ; s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s ; and t o o l and d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d —
ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , an d c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h an dlin g; and
w a tch m e n .

T h e in d e x e s m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s o f ( l ) g e n e r a l
s a la r y and w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2 ) m e r it o r o th e r in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d
b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and (3) ch a n g es in the
la b o r f o r c e su ch a s la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c ­
tio n s , and ch a n g e s in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay l e v e ls .
C h a n g es in the la b o r f o r c e ca n
c a u se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ith ou t
a ctu a l w ag e c h a n g e s . F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n sio n m igh t in c r e a s e
the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c if i c o c c u p a tio n an d r e ­
su lt in a d r o p in the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n
o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ou ld have the o p p o s ite e f f e c t . T h e m o v e m e n t
o f a h ig h -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t out o f a n a r e a c o u ld c a u se the a v e r a g e
e a r n in g s to d r o p , e v e n though no ch a n ge in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in o th e r
a r e a e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
T h e u se o f con sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a t e s the e ffe c t s
o f ch a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b in ­
c lu d e d in the d a ta .
N or a r e the in d e x e s in flu e n c e d by ch a n g e s in
stan d ard w o r k s c h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e , s in c e th ey
a r e b a s e d on pay f o r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r s .

A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
c o m p u te d fo r e a c h o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s . T h e a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e th en m u ltip lie d by the a v e r a g e o f 1953 and
1954 e m p lo y m e n t in the jo b .
T h e s e w e ig h te d e a r n in g s f o r in d iv id u a l

Table 2.

an a g g re g a te f o r <each o c c u p a ­
g rou p a g g r e g a te s f o r a g iv e n
(s u r v e y m on th , w in te r 1952-53)
b y the b a s e y e a r in d e x (1 0 0 ) to

In d e x e s f o r the p e r io d 1953 to 1958 f o r w o r k e r s in 17 m a jo r
la b o r m a r k e ts a p p e a r e d in BL.S B u ll. 1 2 2 4 -2 0 , W ages and R e la te d
B e n e fit s , 19 L a b o r M a r k e t s , W in ter 1 9 5 7 -5 8 .

Indexes of standard w eekly sa la ries and straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Portland, Oreg. ,
A p ril 1959 and A p ril 1958, and percents of in crease for selected periods
inclexes
(September 1952 = 100)

Industry and occupational group

A p ril 1959

A p ril 1958

P e rce n t in creases from —
A p ril 1958
to
A p ril 1959

A p ril 1957
to
A p ril 1958

A p ril 1956
to
A p ril 1957

A p ril 1955
A p ril 1956

Septem ber 1953 Septem ber 1952
to
to
A p ril 1955
Septem ber 1953

A ll industries:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w om en ) _ _ _
I n d u s tria l n u r s e s (w om en )
Skilled maintenance ( m e n ) ______________
U n s k ille d p lan t (m en)
_ _ -

130. 3
131. 8
134.0
130. 1

126. 3
124.0
128. 3
125. 3

3.
6.
4.
3.

2
3
4
8

5. 1
7 .4
5 .8
5. 2

3.
2.
5.
4.

6
1
5
6

5. 2
4. 3
4.9
3.0

5 .4
6.9
3 .9
5 .4

4. 7
1. 6
5. 5
4.9

Manufacturing:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w om en ) ....
In d u s tria l n u r s e s (w om en )
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m en )
U n s k ille d plan t (m en )
_

129. 1
1 3 1 .3
13 5 .4
130.4

125. 3
12 3 .4
129 .9
127. 7

3.
6.
4.
2.

1
3
2
1

3. 8
7 .5
6. 2
5. 3

5 .3
.7
6. 2
4. 6

4. 0
5.0
5. 1
3. 1

5.
7.
4.
6.

4.
.
4.
5.




_
_
__

. __

6
8
7
7

3
8
6
5

A* Occupational Earnings

Table A-1. Office Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Portland, O reg., April 1959)
Atuusb
Num
ber
of
Torkn

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
I
eekly 4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0
WmMy, W
earning! * and
(Standard) (Standard)
S tf8 5 5 0.00

<
$
*
60.00 65.00 70.00

$
50.00

$
55.00

55.00

6 0 .0 0

65.00

_

_

-

-

70.00

$
75.00

t
80.00

S
85.00

t
9 0 .0 0

75.00

80.00

8 5.00

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 125.00 130.00

6

$
t
t
$
S
$
95.0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 125.00

1

Men
_
rnerica, arrm inting, c la s s A ______ _
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
.
__
P u blic utilities * ___________________________________
C lerk s, o rd e r
M anufacturing

_

_
_ __

___
_ _

____

Nnnmaniifartiiring

165
54
111

40

4 0 .0
4 0 .6
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

4 0 .0
211
— T S ~ T ff.O "

$
1 0 2 .0 0

_

_

_

97 .0 6
104.00
103.00

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

9 6.50
1O270O
93.50

_
-

1

_

2

2

7
14
1
9
9 -------- r ---- 3- -------- r

6

4 0 .0

55

4 0 .0
4 0 .6

5 6.00
9
"57T.50 ------- g -

72
46

4 0 .0
40. 6

102.50
104.50

101

28
73

4 0 .0
4 6 .6
4 0 .0

66.50
72.60
64.50

Billers, machine (bookkeeping machine)___________
Nonmanufacturing ......... .
. .
.
.

47
39

4 0 .0
59.00
4 0 .6 ~ 55750“

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A
Manufacturing
. .. .

60
36

4 0 .0
4 0 .6

Office hoys
_
Manufacturing

.. .

_
_ _ _ . ___
_ _
________

— W ~

Tabulating-machine operators
Nnnm amifactoring

_
-

_

-

1

133

_
-

-

-

_

_

“

-

3

_

15
17
22
16 -------- jr- -------- T
7
13
10
5
3
11

9

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

5

2

8

6

-

-

-

- —

5

2

8

9
1 -------- T

-

5
2

3
3

_
-

-

18
7
210
14
r r -------- g- ------ 3— — r ~
3
3
2 5
9

34

6

59
zr
34

32

10

-

13

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

3

7
7
5 -------- 5-

4
9 -------- r

4

7

10

2

1

_

_

-

~

“

-

2 —

28
nr

57 -------- r
7
21
9
4 -------- T
-------- r
17
5
48
5
5
5
3
5

14
16

16
1 -------- T
—
1

11

-

6 ------ 7—

-

_

1

Women
Billers, machine (hilling machine) _ .
. _
Manufacturing . _ ___
_
_ _ _
Nonmanufacturing
____
_ ________
_
_ . _

8

_

7

30
9

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

12

1

4
4
"

1

10

5
5
-

_

3

27
3
24

12

-

_

21

-

1

1

-

-

-

_

2
2

11
11

16
16

8
8

1
1

8

_

_

_

-

1
1

_

-

-

*

-

80.00

_

_

3

_

_

1

8

-

-

1

17
14

6

-

15
6

2

120
3
117
15

117
11
106
8

97
25
72
14

19
5
14
5

10
V
1
-

_
-

5

-

38
14
24
16

5
5
-

40
3
35
23

63
2f
42

102
.... 14
88

87
35
52
1
35

102
21
81
3
55

23
6
17
9
“

10

6 0 .5 6

-

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B
473
39.5
-----57— — 3975“
Manufacturing
______ _ _ _
_
_ _______
Nonmanufacturing
416
39.5
54
4 0 .0
Retail trade______________________________

61.50
67.00
60.50
64.50

_
-

35

-

35
3

53
3
50
2

Clerks, accounting, class A
__ __
__ __ _
Manufacturing_______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ______ _
Retail trade
_
.
____ _

162
65
97
41

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

81.00
83.00
79.50
73.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

Clerks, accounting, class B _____________________
Manufacturing
___
_ _
_ _
_
_
__
Nonmanufacturing____________________________
Public utilities* .. .. . .
.
.
.
- ---- ... _
.
.
Retail trade
_
_______
_ _
_ _

535
131
404
57
193

4 0 .0
4 0 .6
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

70.00
71.50
69.50
81.50
65.50

_

9

_

9

30
2
28

-

-

-

-

-

1

11

19

69

49

67.00
"67.00

_

_

_

— 45 —

39.5
3975“

-

-

-

12
--------g - —

19
fr

260
-----39----221

39.5
4 6 .0
39.5

98
----- n -----

4 0 .0
” 46". r

Clerks, f l , class A _
ie
Nonmanufacturing
Clerks, f l , class B ..
ie
.
Manufacturing . -Nonmanufacturing
Clerks, order .
.
Nonmanufacturing

_ _
_
_

_ _
_

.
.
.
_

See footnotes at end o f table




_ _
_
_
_
..... . .
.

. _
.
.

-

-

5
1

-

65.50
67.0 0

_

18
3
1 --------g - ----------—
1

rr rr
17

28

—

20
26

l
l

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

“

-

_

_

_

_

_

6

-

-

5
3

-

"

“

-

19

1
1

2

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

19
7

-

2

-

_
-

_

-

_
"

-

-

"

-

-

1

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

6
17
4 -------- r
3
13
-

8
6
5 -------- 5“
1
3
“
-

11
9

19
4

2
2

15

7
1
6

-

-

-

-

-

1
2 ----j_
2

_

_

_

-

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_

5

2
2

21

— rr
4

15

---- T
8

-

1

53

28
4
24
7
2

13
40
35
1

4
--------j -

_

5
4

1
6
7 ----r
1
1 --------5“ --------6“

13
7
26
50.50 --- r 37
24
104
47
----j - ------- 7“ ------- 4 - ------- g - ----3- ----5"157750"
20
10
4
4 9.00
100
30
17
40

_

--------r

1

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

“

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

~

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

1
1

-

4

Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Portland, Oreg., April 1959)
Atuaoi
Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
W
eekly
W
eekly j 4 0 .0 0
hours 1
and
(Stsndsrd) (Stsndsrd) under
45 .0 0

S
4 5 .0 0

$
50.00

$
55.00

$
60.00

$
65.0 0

$
70.00

$
75.00

$
$
$
80.00 8 5 .0 0 90.00

50.0 0

55.00

60.00

65.00

70.00

75.00

80.00

85.00

2914
15
6
5

9 0.00

$
$
S
$
$
$
S
95.0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00

9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00

Women— Continued
C lerk s, p a yroll
_
----M anufacturin g________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic utilities *
------_
Retail trade
_ ............

254
116
138
44
51

C om ptom eter operators
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
....... ................ ...............
Retail trade ...
_
_

389
I"27
260
81

.......... ...
_ _
_

D uplicating-m achine o p erators (m im eograph
or ditto) ...
.........

_

. ................

Stenographers, general
M anufacturing
_
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic u t ilitie s * _ _

...

Sw itchboard op era to rs
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic u tilitie s *
Retail trade
_

..............
----

.... _ _
__

...... .
_ ..
....

_.

_ _ ... ...

.
_ ....

Sw itchboard op er a to r -r e c e p tio n ists
.........
M anufacturing . ....
Nonmanufacturing
.. _
. .
Tabulating-m achine op erators

_

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e ra to rs , general _
Mannfa rturing
Nonmanufacturing
_

See footnotes at end of table,




43
7
36
6
20

70.00
4 0 .0
.."T07<T "72.50
69.00
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
64.00

3
3
3

3 -------- r
41
9
-------- r —
40
8
3
3
22
1

100
56
56
62
32
r r ------ I T ------ 38” ------56T -------- 5"
16
24
42
62
39
6
6
36
3
1

43
49
lfc ------ 33” —
25
16
8
4
6
5

36
5
8
9
r r -------- r -------- 5“ -------- r
23
4
2
3
2
11
4
-

1
1
1
-

2
2
1

1
-

1
1
1
-

1
1
1

_
-

6
2
- -------- r
6
i
"
-

8
2
9
- -------- r -------- T
7
9
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

61.50

-

6

-

8

11

4

2

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4 0 .0
4 6 .0
39.5
4 0 .0

70.50
65.50
73.50
72.00

-

"

20
19
1
-

14
5
9
2

46
14
32
6

39
17
22
18

30
8
22
9

25
6
19
13

7
2
5
3

19
4
15
5

14
14
-

4
4

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

3 9 .0
“ 3976'

4 9 .0 0
4 8 .0 0 '

6 -------- 5
4
2
r
4
-------- 3“ -------- r

_

_

1
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

~

-

-

"

-

-

"

575
21'8
357
102
75

39 .5
4 6 .6
3 9.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

58
re43
11
1

46
13
33
20
“

40
9
31
15

25
re13
13
"

8
2
6
5
-

2
r~
i
i
-

6
4
2
2
-

81
38
r r ------ T T
54
24
22
6

39
re
21
1

22
9
13
-

884
249
635
88
172
149"
34
26

... _
. . . ..

.

4 0 .0

154
T53

. ___

._ .....

...... . ...

4
11
11
- -------- T -------- 5”
4
3
4
4
3
4

219
— 75
144
56

_

S ecreta ries .
.......................
Manufacturing
... ..... ..
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic utilities * _ _
Retail trade

-

34

K ey-punch op era to rs
.....................
...........
M anufacturing .................. ...
. ...
Nonmanufacturing
.
.... . _ __ ..
Pu blic u tilitie s * .
.......
.....
O ffice g irls
.
Nonmanufacturing _ ....

$
73.00
'74700
72.00
80.00
65.00

4 0 .0
” 4676
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

_

38
46
52
50 ------37“ ------ 38"

-

83.00
■51". 06
84.00
9 2 .0 0
74.00

_
-

_
-

3 9.5
71.50
- _4'67CT T 3 .5 6
39.5
71.00
4 0 .0
74.00

_
_
-

85
115
150
115
184
9
39
_ --------6“ ------ T T ------ 3T" ------ 53” ------ 18" — T T —
33
131
97
103
64
81
9
10
17
2
11
19
-

6 2.00

4

39 .5
T 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

36

i r . so ------- T~ ------3 7 " —

74.00
53.00

_
-

.
4

257
' my
147

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

65.00
66750
6 4.50

_
-

37

4 0 .0

82.50

_

_

209
-----?5---164

3 9.5
4 6 .6
39.5

6 4.00
6 9.50
62.50

_

5
5

-

11
2
9

31
3
9
- -------- 3“ ------25” —
3
6
6
2
1
4

19
16
n r ------ IT " —
_
_
14
1
35
8
27

_
23
2
2h

—nr
46

31

_
51
6
43

57
124
62
r r ------ T T ------ 53” —
31
71
38
5
4
9
27
16
14

74
rr —
55
10
12

12
8 —
4
3
"
6
2
4

1
_
1
-

18
4 —
14
2
“

_

_

-

“

_
-

_
“

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

"

"

-

-

-

1

_

1

1

_

1

-

-

-

-

.

-

35
22
r r ------27” —
2
11
7
-

20
3
r r --------z“ —
7
2
-

!
15
1
ra­ -------- r -------- r
_
il
i
-

46
37
9

52
22
30

15
4
11

8
5
3

31
U
18

6
6

5
2
3

2
2
-

1

6

7

3

8

4

2

2

29
8
21

55
5
50

24
7
17

15
11
4

4
1
3

2
2

-

1
1

5
Table A-1. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hou rs and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a s is ,
by industry d ivision , P ortland, Or e g . , A p ril 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Athugi
Num
ber
of
w
orker*

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$
$
Weekly,
Weekly j 4 0.00 4 5.00
hours 1 earnings*
and
(Standard) (Standard) tinder
45. Q . 50.00
-Q

*
%
t
S
s
s
t
t
S
$
t
%
S
S
s
f
50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00
55.00

60.00

65.00

70.00

75.00

80.00

85.00

90.00

10
9
1
1

7
7
“

6
4
2
-

8 -------- 11
8
10
6

.

95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00

W omen— Continued
Typists, class A
Manufactur ing
Nnnmannfartiiping
Public utilities *

256
63
193
45

Typists, class B
Mannfartn ring
Nnnmannfartiiring
Pu blic utilities *

430
94

575

145

_

------

$
39.5
65.50
4 0 .0 “ 74.50
39.5
62.50
4 0 .0
65.50
39.5
...'40. C
39.0
4 0 .0

-

15
15
-

48
48
5

58
14
44
21

53
12
41
12

18
12
6
2

29
5
24
4

11
_
11

58.00
* 2 .5 0
56.50
65.00

12
12
86
86

---- 54~—

157

119

100

v r

54

123
16

85
19

66
14

18
4"
14
10

38
19 “
19
19

27
11"
16
10

“

“

“

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

"

-

“

-

_
-

_

-

-

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
* Includes 2 workers at $135 to $140.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Portland, Or e g ., April 1959)
Amass
Num
ber
of
w
orkere

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Weekly j So. 00
W
eeklyi
boon * earning*
and
(Standard) (Standard) under

65.00

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF
S
S
$
S
$
$
$
<
t

65.00

70.00

s

$

75.00

80.00

85.00

90.00

70.00

75.00

80.00

85.00

90.00

95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00

-

1
1
“

1 ------I F “ —
7
-

r r —

-

_
-

11

7

8

10

t

$

95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00

Men
Draftsm an, le n in r
Mannf* rfnrinjr
N orm armfactoring
D raftsm en, junior

...

_
...

... .

Manufacturing

.......

. . ---- _

. ...

147
“ TT2—
35
51
3$

40.0
40.0
40.0

$

_

I6 B .5 F

-

_
-

7

_

_

“

"

107.50
104.50

40.0
40. 0

91.50
94. O T
T

40.0
46.0

85.00
8
84.06 ------- 5”

_

------- j -

6

1

25

4

------- 5“ ------- T~ —

14
i

nr

26
nr

14
3
--------Y~

22
7
14 --------5T —
8
1
8
8

21

24

W

------ I T
-

1
1

4 -------- 1
r
1

-

3

_

_

_

“

”

~

“

1
1 --------r

_

.

_

1

_
“

-

W omen
N u rses, industrial (re g is te re d )
Manufacturing

32
— ZB—

_

1
------- j _

4
4 —

3
2
r

5
2
2 ------- 5 -

4
2

_

_

3
--------T~ —

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
513537 0 - 59 - 2




n

6

Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Portland, Or e g ., April 1959)
NUMBER OF W0RKEB8 RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Average
hourly
Under
earnings1
$
2 .0 0

$
2 .0 0
and
under
2 .1 0

* 2 .2 0

* 2 .3 0

* 2 .4 0

*2 .5 0

* 2 .6 0

* 2.70

*2 .8 0

*2.90

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3.00

3 .10

-

12
12
”

1
•

5
5
“

■

3
z
1

13
3
10

3
3
“

17
3
14

4
4

40
40

$
2.8 7

j

93
.....58"'
35

2 .9 7

“

E le c tr ic ia n s , m aintenance
M anufacturing

279
258“

2 .9 6
2 .9 4

_

_

_

_

~

“

"

“

24
24

16
15

“

E n gin eers, stationary
M anufacturing
Nonmanufac tur ing

209
175
34

2 .7 4
Z. 74
2 .71

_
-

_
■

_
“

_
■

_
*

40
46
■

4
4

96
8T

2 .3 2
Z . Zb

4
4

8
8

33
33

6
4

12
12

8
8

4
4

8
’ 4

124
103

2 .2 3
2 .21

5
5

17
17

13
13

66
49

13
13

2
2

■

5
1

77
77

2 .7 8
2778”

_

C a rp en ters, m aintenance
Manufa c tur ing
N onm anufactur ing

_

F irem en , stationary b o ile r
M anufacturing

...

_ ...
_

H elp ers, tra d es, m aintenance
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____ ______________ __________
M ach in e-tool o p e r a to r s , to o lr o o m
M anufacturing

2 .8 1

“

_

"

O ilers
. -----M anufacturing

_

__

....

■

... ----- . ...
_
_ .
...............

P a in ters, m aintenance

..............

...

_

------- 70

63
49

Manufacturing
P ip efitters, m aintenance
M anufacturing

173
------173“

2 .8 5
2785”

_

_

_

■

"

"

2 .32
5
” 2732” --------5”
2 .9 4
2790"

-------1----- —

5
r~

7
7

37
35
_
—

12
n r

"

*

28
28

8
8

i
l
2
2

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

21
Z1
_
~
18
------TB

l

_

_

-

_

!

_

_

■

1

*

"

-

-

-

18
n r

-

“

"

157
157

131
— n r"

-

21
15

9
-------- 9”
10
10
10

—

12
rz

15
9
6
6
-

8
-------- w ~

*

-

"

54
----- 5?

1
“

_

—

7
------7—

_

_

.
_
40
------ 46”

.
_
-

_
_
-

-

-

4
4

-

25
-----Z5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

5
4

.
-

-

5
5

25
25

88
87

2 .8 6
2 . 86

-

■

■

“

■

6
6

*

~

2
1

52

Sheet-m etalw orkers, maintenance ----- ----- - -

35

2 .8 7

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

6

24




_
-

-

- ... .
. .

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Includes 1 worker at $3.70 to $3.80.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.

-

-

1
1

-

2
------- T ~

-

_

_

.
-

-

70
76

-

_
-

-

8
“

4
-------- T ~

.
-

_

14
1
13
3

”

-

2 10
------5—

”

6
6
-

7
7

30
----- 36

.

311
36
275
240

■

5
5

“

21
1
20
18

2 .8 5
Z . 85

-

28
-------Z5~

-

3
3

115
55
60
54

«,

.
-

■

45
34
11
6

_

6
4
2

l

-

.

_

1

3. 70

-

70
70

_
“

*

3.6 0

-

40
36

9
8
1
1

24
17
7

3. 60

_

5
5

■

3. 50

.

15
12

_
“

3 .40

“

12
12

_
-

3 .30

$

“

_

2 .6 5
2 .5 8
2 .6 8
2 .6 8

3 .20

3 .50

_

28
28

537
147
390
332

* 3 .4 0

■

6
6

M ech an ics, autom otive (m aintenance) „
M anufacturing
_ _ ..
----_ ...
Nonm anufacturing
Pu blic u tilities*

3.30

_

20
2o

"

$

3.20

~

22
22

_

$

_

_

■

3 .10

“

”

_

$

4
4

9

_

■

__

!
1

*

_

3.00

2
37
Z ------34”

17
17 '

_

■

M illw rights

102
9i
11

~

_

435
418

24
19
16 .......15 "
14
4

.
"

■

2.9 1
""2 7 9 2 “"

—

83
83

“

199
186

M ech an ics, m aintenance
M anufacturing

8
B '
“

“

M achinists, m aintenance ......................... ..........
M anufacturing .................................. _ . _ . _
. ..

$

* 2 .1 0

62

9
------- g---1
1

_

5
4
-------- 7 T -------2—

-

-

-

_

.

_

.

-

17
17

-

-

-

-

-

_

5

_

_

.

.

_

7
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an a re a basin,
by industry division , P ortland, Or e g . , A p ril 1959)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O ccupation 1 and industry d ivision

$
Avenge $
hourly 2
1 .1 0
A fngn L 00
um
under

t
1 .2 0

S
1.30

$
1.40

S
1.50

$
1.60

$
1.70

S
1.80

S
1.90

$

s

$

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

1.50

1.60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

-

-

-

16

16
-

43
43 '
_

8
8

-

1 .1 0

E levator op e r a to r s , passenger ( w o m e n ) ______
Nonmanufacturing
Jan itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs (men)
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______ ______ _______ ____
Nonmanufacturing
_
_ _ _ _ _ _

141
141
48
1 ,0 2 2

453
569
112

R etail trade

- ...

.

__ _

196

$
1.34
1.34
1.27
1.75
1.99
1.64
1T84
1.63

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e r s (w o m e n )____ _
M anufacturing _ _ _ _ _ _
___
_ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __________ _______________ _
Public u t i l i t i e s * ________________________ _

227
2b
47

1.47
1.63

L a b o r e rs , m a terial handling _
_ _
M anufacturing
...
.
.
Nonmanufacturing
_ _
—
Pu blic u t i l i t i e s * __________________________
Retail trade

1, 164
496

2 .1 1

O rder fille r s
.......
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _
Retail trade
_
P a ck e rs , shipping
Nonmanufacturing

----. .
...........

668

269
78
682
136
546
142

.......

___

201

2 .2 4
2 .3 7
1.83

1.40

19
19
9

27
27

13
13
13

26

3
3
-

24
3

24

35

32
15
17

8

40
28

21

27

12

-

16

12

1

8

8

~
1

.
1

-

-

9
9
-

5
4

7
7
7

_
_
-

”

-

.

_
-

-

“

3

54
54'"
132
10
122
2
21

-

-

-

-

-

171
59

96
91
5
5

47
31

12

149
'58
91
78

76
64

112
2

32

104

10

153
19
134

2

1

-

5

8

2

7
7

3
3

16
1

_
-

12
16
2

26

9

222

61

22

8
1

192
30
5
25

53

15
15

2

3
3
3

-

-

-

-

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
-----3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2 .3 6
2 .49
2 .2 6

_
-

_
-

90

Shipping and receiv in g cle r k s
_ _ ----Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
R etail t r a d e _______________________________

212
8o

2 .25
2.31

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

10

132
47

2 .2 2

-

-

-

-

-

2 ,3 7 3
528
1,845
1,302
225

2 .4 0
2 .4 6
2.41
2 .38
2 .40

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

5

81
41
40

2 . 18
” 2 .1 2
2 .2 4

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

8

3
5
5

2 .3 2

T ru ck d riv ers 3 _ __________________________ ____
M a n u fa c tu r in g ______ ___ ______ ______ __ _____
__
_
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic u t i l i t i e s * __________________________
R etail trade _
_____

4
4

Shipping cle r k s _
__
_________
M anufacturing _ __
___
_
Nonmanufacturing ........... _

_

36
158

_ _

T ru ck d riv ers, light (under lVa tons)
M anufacturing
. ..
Nonmanufacturing
_

See footn otes at end o f table.

66

. . .

68

_
___

-

1

19
16
3
-

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

S
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

t
3.1 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3.0 0

3 .10

3.20

2 .4 0

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

.

_
_

_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

_

_

91
46
51
30

-

15

-

3
3
3

2

3

S
2 .6 0

-

16
2

2
1

*
2 .5 0

230
25
205
205

133

46
4
42
15

1

20

1
1

26
_
_

_
.
.
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_

-

"

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

j

6
6

2 .2 6
2 .3 9
2 .1 7
2 .09

114
------- 45“

_
-

63
3
60
36

-

_ ... ----

12
8

109
109
-

3
3
3

2 .1 6

2723
2. 15
2 .1 3

2
2
2

-




195
175

2 .1 8

1.30

2 .1 3
2 . 1?

R eceivin g cle r k s .. . _ _
..
M anufacturing _ _ ___
_
Nonmanufacturing _
_
R etail trade
. . .

_____

1.50
1 .6 8

1 .2 0

•
<
2 .3 0 2 .4 0

1

1

47
~ ~ rr

8

289
33
256

3
5

19

6
6

3
3
-

2

28
11
- — g—
28
3
25
3

493
------5“
488
94

2

7

-

-

2

126
126

19
19

5
------ 5-

4
4
4

5

4
4
4

18
4
14
14

_
-

7
5

8

_
1

3
5

10
1

2

_
-

12
12

13

6

-

_
-

10

-

-

12
1

4

9
9
_
_
-

_
_

22
22

4
4

_
-

2
2

74
57
17
-

-

-

5

_

_

_

-

-

8
8

_

1

-

-

8

12
1Z

“

38

_
-

88

45

12

-

1

-

------ 7 T
3
3

1

4

1

3
-

-

-

5
9
6 ------5- — z—
3
4
32
2
4
3
—

63
r

.17
3

9
9
-

20

52
51
1

-

_
13
----- 7_

2
— 2—

9

9

61

26

14

1

11

19

16
10

12
2

-

6

70
70

30

-

21
2

262

1211

38
2

27
27

-

_

_
7
V

13
4

185
128
55

55
1176
1086
18

13
ll

16

23

*

2

16

11
12

2

—

TT

6

2

1

16

’ 16
-

2
9
----- T ~ ------ 9“
1

l
-

5

-

-

-

525
751—
324
78
135

36
56

28
16

6
2
2

12
6
6

141
28
113
_
-

9
3
6

3
- ----- 3“
_
-

_
7
- -----7
54
— 51“
3
3

_
_
_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
- •
-

-

1
1

_
_
_
-

_
_
_

-

-

_

-

1

_
“

7
6

_

8

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Portland, O re g ., April 1959)
NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
w
orken

a
t

Occupation1 and industry division

Arens*

$1 . 0 0

$1 . 1 0

$1 . 2 0

*1.30

S
1.40

S
1.50

*1 . 6 0

S
1.70

* .80

S
1.90

S

t

•

2 .2 0

S
2.3 0

%0
2 .4

S
2 .5 0

*2.60

S
2 .70

s
2 .80

2 .90

*3.00

S
3.10

1 .2 0

1.30

1.40

1.50

1.60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .30

2 .40

2

.50

2 .60

2 .70

2 .80

2.90

3.00

3.10

3.20

.
.

•

-

15
l5
_

59
44
15

4
4

20
2

_
_

_

under
1 .1 0

Truckdrivers : 3 — Continued
Truckdrivers, medium (lVa to and
including 4 tons)

Retail trad*

..

...

. .

.......... .

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
trailer type)

1.281
£ 176
1,105
92^
87
694
------737“
447
200

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than trailer type)
Manufartnring .
_ ... ---------Nnnfnaniifartnring ... ..
.
■Puhlir nHliti*«*
Truckers, power (forklift)
M aniifartnring

_________
_

273
--------53“
218
158

2.40
7737 “
2.39
2 .36
2.26
z .2 5
2.28
2 28

31
31

2 .35
7735

208
r^T "

1.87
1.90
1.77

7M
~

. . . .

...
.

—

44

_

_

_
_

1
1

-

182
28
154
117
35

881
4
877
804

63
27
36

16

36

176
373
29
— 73" — n r “153
5
156
209
156
38
2

_
_

_
_

_

_
_

.

_
_

_
_

_

1
1

_

5
5

_
_

_
_

2
2

_

_

13
13

35
35

14
14

2
30
------ jr- ----- 23“
5
_

63
"'5 4
9

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

'

195
53" ‘
141
60

131
_
131
126

76
-----7
69
30

51
38
13
13

14
13

.

20

5
*

3
3'

5

7
2
5

38
32

6

39
34
5

6
•

£

14
14

82
V
15

6

6

"'4'
2

2

Z

.

12
10
2
2

40
40

18
~

’

~

~

I \

14
21
72
9
— 17“ — 9— — n r -------5 “
3
2
12
60
6

8

J—
T

------

3
21
3— — n r
11

_
56
4b

8
8

.
'

_
_
_

_
_
6

b

10

zu

1 Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
a Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
3 Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




4
' 1
3

2 .1 0

2.47
2 .3 4 “ "
2.49
2. 39

461
-----173
73

--......

Truckers, power (other than forklift)
M anufacturing .....
Watchmen
___
M anufacturing

$
2 .38
7735”
2 .37
2 .3 8
2 .35

2 .0 0

6
6

10
10

1
1

.

.
•

*

9

A p p en d ix : O ccupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

Office
BILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, billers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:
Biller, machine (billing machine)— Uses a special billing
—
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott f*isher, Burroughs, e tc ., which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc. Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)-----Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances
Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR-----Continued
Class A— Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
—
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used.
Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B—
—Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A — -Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or ac­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B ---- Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

10

CLERK,

FILE

Class A -----Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B ---- Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating ma­
terial in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.

CLERK, PAYROLL
STENOGRAPHER,

GENERAL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include tran­
scribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER,

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

TECHNICAL

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto master. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m asters. May sort, collate, and staple com­
pleted material.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take messages.
May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

11

SWITCHBOARD OPERA TOR-RECEPTIONIST

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL---- Continued

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
This typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker*s
time while at switchboard.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.

TABU LA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A -----Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form.
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

Professional

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during




Class B — Performs one or more of the following: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, e tc ., setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set ap and spaced properly.

a nd

Technical

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER-----Continued
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc.,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

12

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE,

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare,
safety of all personnel.

Maintenance

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)-----Continued
and

TRACER
Copies
tracing cloth or
Uses T-square,
simple drawings

a nd

plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
and do simple lettering.

Powerplant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings^ models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter*s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician’ s handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-tim e basis.

13
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR,

TOOLROOM

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or^ a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinist's work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re­
ducers. In general, the millwright's work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required mr different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

14
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE---- Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re ­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
heating systems are excluded.

and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber18 snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

a nd

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments, understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Movement

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restroom s. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

15

LABORER,

MATERIAL HANDLING

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK---- Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers* orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as; Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers' houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity.)

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is re­
sponsible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves; A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under IV2 tons)
medium 1 2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

(V

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1959 O - 513537




Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 21 major labor markets during late 1958 and early 1959. These bulletins, numbered
1240-1 through 1240-21, when available, may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown below.
A summary bulletin (1240-22) containing data for all labor markets, except Lawrence, Mass., combined with additional analysis will be
issued early in I960.
Bulletins for the areas listed below are now available.
Seattle, Wash., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-1, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., August 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-2, price 25 cents
Buffalo (Erie and Niagara Counties), N. Y., September 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-3,
price 25 cents
St. Louis, Mo., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-4, price 15 cents
Dallas, Tex., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-5, price 25 cents
Boston, Mass., October 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-6, price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., December 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-7, price 20 cents
Philadelphia, Pa., November 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-8, price 30 cents




Newark-Jersey City, N. J., December 1958 — BLS Bull. 1240-9> price 20 cents
Memphis, Tenn., January 1959 — BLS Bull. 1240-10, price 20 cents
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., January 1959 — BLS Bull. 1240-11, price 20 cents
Detroit, Mich., January 1959 — BLS Bull. 1240-12, price 25 cents
San Franc is co-Oakland, Calif., January 1959 — BLS Bull. 1240-13,
price 25 cents
New Orleans, La., February 1959 — BLS Bull. 1240-14, price 20 cents
Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., March 1959 — BLS Bull. 1240-15,
price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102