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O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e

S u rv e y

S E A T T L E , W A S H IN G TO N
A U G U ST19S8

B u lle t in N o .

1 2 4 0 -1

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



BUREAU
E w on

OF

LABOR

CIo q u * ,

STATISTICS

Com m ttsion«r




O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y
S E A T T L E , W A S H IN G T O N




AUGUST 1958

B u lle tin

N o . 1 2 4 0 -1

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F
Jam es

LABOR

P. M itchell, S e cre ta ry
BU
REAU OF LABOR STA IST S
T IC
Ewan Clague, C
ommitttoner
October 1958

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C. -

Price 25 cents

The Library of Congress has cataloged the series
in which this publication appears as follows:

U . S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

U . S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Bulletin, no. 1Washington.

Occupational wage survey. 1949Washington, U. S. Govt. Print. Off.

Nov. 1895-

no. in v. illus. 16-28 cm.
Bimonthly, Nov. 1895-May 1912; irregular, July 1912No. 1-111 issued by the Bureau of Labor.

331.06173

Library of Congress

[r58t2]




v. 23-26 cm.
Nov. 1949- issued as its Bulletin (HD8051.A62)

1. Wages—U. S. 2. Non-wage payments—U. S. t2. Employee bene­
fits] i. Title. (Series: U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Bul­
letin)

1. Labor and laboring classes—U. S.—Period.

HD8051.A62

The Library of Congress has cataloged this
publication as follows:

15-23307 rev*J

HD4973.A462

U. S. Dept, of Labor.
for Library of Congress

331.2973

Library
[57r52nljf

L 49—125*

Preface

Contents
Page

The Community Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers.
The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits.
A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the earlier report. A consolidated analytical
bulletin summarizing the results of all of the year*s surveys
is issued after completion of the final area bulletin for the
current round of surveys.
This report was prepared in the Bureau's regional
office in San Francisco, Calif. , by William P. O'Connor,
under the direction of John L. Dana, Regional Wage and
Industrial Relations Analyst.




Introduction_________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups ____________________

\
4

Tables:
1.
2.

Establishments and workers
Percent changes in standard
office clerical and average
earnings for selected plant

within scope of su r v e y ______
weekly salaries for
straight-time hourly
occupational groups__________

A: Occupational earnings: *
A - 1. Office occupations __________ ;_________________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations _____________
A - 3. Maintenance and powerplantoccupations _____________
A - 4. Custodial and material movement occupations______
B: Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions: *
B - l . Shift differentials _____________________________________
B -2 . Minimum entrance rates for women office
workers _____________________________________________
B -3 . Scheduled weekly hours ______________________________
B -4 . Paid holidays _________________________________________
B- 5. Paid vacations _______________________________________
B - 6 . Health, insurance, and pension plans _______________
Appendix: Occupational descriptions ______________________________

*NOTE: Similar tabulations for most of these items are availa­
ble in the Seattle area reports for September 1951, August 1956,
and August 1957. The latter report was limited to occupational
earnings. The 1951 report also provides tabulations of Christ­
mas, year-end, profit-sharing, and other types of nonproduc­
tion bonuses. A directory indicating date of study and the price
of the report, as well as reports for other major areas, is
available upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and supplement­
ary wage practices in the Seattle area are also available for
auto dealer repair shops (June 1958) and banking (July 1958).
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels, are availa­
ble for the following trades or industries: Building construc­
tion, printing, local-transit operating employees, and motor­
truck drivers and helpers.

2
4

5

7
8
9

H

\2
12
13
14

16
17




Occupational Wage Survey— Seattle, Wash.

Introduction

This area is one of several important industrial centers in
which the U. S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Liabor Statistics
has conducted surveys of-occupational earnings and related wage bene­
fit^ on an areawide basis. In this area, data were obtained by per­
sonal visits of Bureau field agents 1 to representative establishments
within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation
(excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities; whole­
sale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and serv­
ices. Major industry groups excluded from these studies, besides
railroads, are government operations and the construction and ex­
tractive industries. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed
number of workers are omitted also because they furnish insufficient
employment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion. 2 Wher­
ever possible, separate tabulations are provided for each of the broad
industry divisions.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of inter establishment variation in duties within the same
job.
(See appendix for listing of these descriptions. ) Earnings data
are presented (in the A -series tables) for the following types of oc­
cupations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) main­
tenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

1 Data were obtained by mail from some of the smaller estab­
lishments for which visits by Bureau field agents in the last previous
survey indicated employment in relatively few of the occupations stud­
ied. Unusual changes reported by mail were verified with employers.
2 See table on page 2 for minimum-size establishment covered.




Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts..
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest hali dollar.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the numbed actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented also (in the B -series tables) on se­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they re­
late to office and plant workers.
The term “office workers, “ as
used in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing clerical or related, functions, and ex­
cludes administrative, executive, and professional personnel. “Plant
workers" include working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers
(including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. Ad­
ministrative, executive, and professional employees, and force-account
construction employees who are utilized as a separate work force are
excluded. Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufac­
turing industries, but are included as plant workers in nonmanufac­
turing industries.
Shift differential data (table B - l ) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 2 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
3
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering late shifts.

2
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification "other" was used. In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
.if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance rates (table B -2) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited. They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment basis.
Paid holidays; paid vacations; and
health, insurance, and pension plans are treated statistically on the
basis that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if a
majority of such workers are eligible or may eventually qualify for
the practices listed.' Scheduled hours are treated statistically on
the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if
a majority are covered. 4 Because of rounding, sums of individ­
ual items in these tabulations do not necessarily equal totals.

The first part of the paid holidays table presents the num­
ber of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second part
combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans is limited to formal arrange­
ments, excluding informal plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the employer.
Separate estimates are provided
according to employer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis were converted; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was* considered as the equivalent oi 1 week*s pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmen^ compensation
and social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com­
4
Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (first section of
mercial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or
table B -3 ) in surveys made prior to late 1957 and early 1958 were
paid directly by the employer out of current operating funds or from
presented in terms of the proportion of women office workers em­
a fund set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a
ployed in offices with the indicated weekly hours for women workers.
form of life insurance.
Table 1.

E stablishm ents and w o rk e rs within scop e o f su rvey and num ber studied in Seattle, W ash. , 1 by m a jo r industry d iv ision , 2 August 1958
M inim um
em ploym ent
in e sta b lish ­
m ents in scop e
o f study

Industry d iv isio n

A ll division s _

______

_ _

_______

_ _ __

M a n u fa ctu rin g_______________________________________________________
T ran sp ortation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m u n ication ,
and other public u t ilit ie s s _ _ _ _ _ __
— __ _
W holesale t r a d e __ _ __
_
______
__ _
R etail trade _ _ _
__
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _
_ _ _ _ _
F inan ce, in su ran ce, and r e a l estate
__ _
. . . .
____
S e r v ic e s 7 _ _ _ _
_ _ _ _
______
____ __ _________

51

N um ber o f establishm ents
Within
s co p e o f
study 3

W ork ers in establishm ents
W ithin s cop e of study

Studied

Studied
T o t a l4

O ffice

Plant

Total 4

558

138

164,700

33,600

99,100

117,020

51
51

185
373

48
90

97, 800
66, 900

16.700
16,900

62, 200
36,900

8 1,300
35,720

51
51
51
51
51

57
84
116
55

23
13
27
14
13

17, 000
9, 100
2 3,200
1 0 ,000
7, 600

8 ,3 0 0
(*)
17,700
( 4)
<4)

12, 180
2, 340
13,570
5, 110
2 ,5 2 0

,

6
1

2 ,9 0 0
(*)
2 ,7 0 0
(‘ )
(A)

1 The Seattle M etropolitan A re a (King County). The "w o r k e r s within s co p e o f study" e stim ates shown in this table p rovide a reason ably a ccu ra te d es crip tion o f the s ize and co m p o s itio n o f the la b o r fo r c e
included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, h ow ever, to s e r v e as a basis o f c o m p a r is o n with other a re a em ploym ent indexes to m easu re em ploym ent treads or le v e ls sin ce ( l ) planning o f w age surveys
req u ires the use of establishm ent data c o m p ile d co n s id e r a b ly in advance o f the pay p e rio d studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents a re excluded fr o m the s cop e o f the su rvey.
2 The 1957 re v is e d edition o f the Standard Industrial C la s s ific a tio n Manual was used in c la s sify in g establishm ents by industry d iv isio n . M ajor changes fro m the e a r lie r edition used in p reviou s su rveys a re
the tra n sfer o f m ilk pasteu rization plants and ready m ix ed c o n c r e te establishm ents fr o m trade (w holesale o r retail) to m anufacturing, and the tra n sfer o f ra d io and te le v is io n broadcastin g fr o m s e r v ic e s to the
transportation , com m u n ication , and other public utilities division .
3 Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at o r above the m in im u m -size lim itation. A ll outlets (within the area) o f com pan ies in such industries as trade, fin a n ce, auto rep a ir s e r v ic e , and m otion pictu re theaters are c o n s id e re d as 1 establishm ent.
*
4 Includes exe cu tive , p r o fe s sio n a l, and other w o rk e rs excluded fr o m the separate o ffic e and plant c a te g o r ie s .
5 A ls o excludes ta xica b s, and s e r v ic e s inciden tal to w ater transportation . Since S e a ttle 's e le c t r ic utilities ^nd lo ca l transit fa c ilitie s are m u n icipa lly operated, they are also excluded, by defin ition, fr o m
the scop e o f the studies.
4 This industry division is re p re se n te d in estim ates fo r " a ll in d u strie s" and "nonm anu facturing" in the S e rie s A and B tables, although c o v e r a g e was in su fficien t to ju s tify separate presentation o f data.
7 H otels; p erson al s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile re p a ir shops; ra d io b road castin g and te le v isio n ; m otion p ictu re s ; nonprofit m em bersh ip organ ization s; and engineering and arch itectu ra l s e r v ic e s .




3
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,9 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans 9 which provide

full pay or a proportion of the worker’ s pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are provided according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.

Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyoix?
the
5
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partia
do not require employer contributions.
payment of doctors* fees. Such plans may be underwritten by commer­
9 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may b
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
self-insured.
Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited t
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of tfc
but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
worker’ s life.
were excluded.




4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
T h e ta b le b e lo w p r e s e n ts in d e x e s o f s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c le r i c a l
w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , and o f a v e r a g e e a rn in g s o f s e le c t e d
plant w o r k e r g ro u p s.
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , the in d e x e s
r e la te to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o rm a l h o u rs o f w o r k , that is ,
the stan dard w o r k sch ed u le fo r w h ich s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s a r e pa id .
F o r plant w o r k e r g ro u p s , th ey m e a s u re ch a n g es in s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly
e a r n in g s , e x clu d in g p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r tim e and f o r w o r k on w e e k ­
e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late s h ifts .
The in d e x e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r
s e le c t e d k e y o ccu p a tio n s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e ric a lly im p orta n t
jo b s w ith in each g rou p . The o ffic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on w o m e n in
the fo llo w in g 18 jo b s : B i lle r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e ); b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B ; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; c le r k s , file ,
c la s s A and B ; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; k e y -p u n ch o p e r a t o r s ;
o ffic e g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; ste n o g r a p h e rs , g e n e r a l; sw itch b oa rd o p e r a ­
t o r s ; sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ; ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ;
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B .
T h e in d u str ia l n u rse data a r e b a se d on w om en in d u str ia l n u r s e s . M en
in the fo llo w in g 10 s k ille d m a in ten an ce jo b s and 3 u n sk illed jo b s w e r e
in clu d ed in the plant w o r k e r data: S k illed— c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ;
m a ch in is ts ; m e c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u tom otiv e; m illw r ig h ts ; p a in t e r s ;
p ip e fitte r s ; s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s ; and t o o l and d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d —
ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a te r ia l han dlin g; and
w a tch m en .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u rly e a r n in g s w e r e
c o m p u te d fo r e a c h o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s . T h e a v e r a g e S a la rie s
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e then m u ltip lie d by the a v e r a g e o f 1953 and
1954 em p lo y m e n t in the jo b .
T h e s e w eig h ted e a r n in g s f o r in div id u al




T a b le 2.

o c cu p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d to obtain
tion a l g ro u p . F in a lly , the r a tio o f th e se
y e a r to the a g g re g a te f o r the b a s e p e r io d
w a s com p u ted and the r e s u lt m u ltip lie d
g et the in d ex fo r the g iv en y e a r .

an a g g re g a te f o r *each o c c u p a ­
grou p a g g re g a te s fo r a given
(s u r v e y m onth, w in ter 1952-53)
b y the b a se y e a r in d ex (100) to

T h e in d e x e s m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s o f ( l ) g e n e r a l
s a la ry and w ag e ch a n g e s; (2 ) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d
b y in d iv id u al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and (3) ch a n ges in the
la b o r f o r c e su ch a s la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n sio n s, f o r c e r e d u c ­
tio n s , and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
C h an ges in the la b o r f o r c e can
ca u se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout
a ctu a l w age ch a n g e s. F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e ex p a n sion m igh t in c r e a s e
the p r o p o r tio n o f lo w e r pa id w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific o c cu p a tio n and r e ­
sult in a d r o p in the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a re d u c tio n in the p r o p o r tio n
o f lo w e r pa id w o r k e r s w ou ld have the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . T h e m ov em en t
o f a h ig h -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u ld ca u se the a v e r a g e
e a rn in g s to d r o p , ev en though no change in r a te s o c c u r r e d in oth er
a r e a e sta b lis h m e n ts .
T h e u se o f con stan t em p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t s
o f ch a n g es in th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
N or a r e the in d e x e s in flu en ced by ch a n g es in
stan dard w o r k sc h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e , sin ce th ey
a r e b a s e d on pay f o r s t r a ig h t-tim e h o u r s .
In d e x e s fo r the p e r io d 1953 to 1958 f o r w o r k e r s in 17 m a jo r
la b o r m a rk e ts a p p e a r e d in BL>S B u ll. 1 2 2 4 -2 0 , W ages and R ela ted
B e n e fits , 19 L a b o r M a r k e ts , W in ter 1 9 5 7 -5 8 .

P e r c e n t c h a n g e s in s ta n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r ie s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s
f o r s e l e c t e d plan t o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s in S e a t t le , W a sh . , f o r s e l e c t e d p e r io d s
P e r c e n t in c re a s e s fro m —

In d u s tr y and o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p

A u g u s t 1957
to
A u g u s t 1958

A u g u s t 1956
to
A u g u s t 1957

S e p t e m b e r 1951
to
A u g u s t 1956

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O ff ic e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) _____________________________________
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ) __________________________________
_____ __
U n s k ille d plan t (m en ) __________________________

4 .9
5. 2
5. 7

5. 0
4. 7
4 .9

23.

M a n u fa c tu r in g :
O ff ic e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) „ _________ __ _ __ __ __ ____
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n )
________________
__ __ __
U n s k ille d p lan t ( m e n ) ________________________________________

5. 3
5 .9
5. 5

3 .9
4 .0
5. 3

22.2
20 8
.

6
21.0
23. 0

15. 2

S e p t e m b e r 1951
to
A u g u s t 1958

36. 2
33. 2
36. 3

33. 7
3 3 .0
28. 0

A* Occupational Earnings
Table A-1. Office Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a s is ,
by industry div isio n , Seattle, W a sh ., August 1958)
AvnK O
AS
S ex, occu p ation , and industry d ivision

Number
rf
worker*

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

*40.00 *45.00 *50.00 *55.00 *60.00 *65.00 *70.00 *75.00 *80.00 *85.00 ^ 0.0 0 ^ 5 .0 0
W
eekly
• hours ‘
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 9 5 . 0 0 100.00

C le r k s , accounting,
Manufac turing
Nonmanuf ac turing
P u blic u tilities *

172
61
111
31

3 9 .5
4 0 ro
39.5
4 0 .0

$
99.00
161.56
97.50
92.00

C le r k s , o r d e r .
Nonmanuf ac turing

170
150

4 0 .0
4 0.6

93.00
90.50

-

C le r k s , p a y r o l l ______

36

4 0 .0

95.50

_

O ffice boys
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___
Nonm anufacturing

96
41
55

3 9.5 .
4 0.0
39.5

58.50

1
.
1

17
13
4

T a bulating-m achine o p e ra to rs
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _________

93
40

4 0 .0
40.0

88. 50
92.00

.

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine)
N onm anufacturing -------- ------------P u blic u t i l i t i e s * --------------- ---

74
63
32

4 0.0
40 .0
40 .0

64.00
63.00
66.00

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine)
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________ ! ___
_
R etail t r a d e _____________ ___________

88
67
59

3H
4 0.6
40.0

64.00
63.06
62.50

B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________________

122
n rr~

4 0 .0
4 6 .6

72.50
72.06

B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B .
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing
R etail trade _
_

481
42
439
61

4 0.0
40.0
4 0.0
40.0

61.00
69.00
60.00
63.00

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s A
Nonm anufacturing _______
P u blic utilities * ______
R etail t r a d e ___________

273
250
91
73

4 0 .0
4 0 .6
40 .0
40 .0

76. 50
76.00
80.00
70.00

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s B .
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic u tilities *
R etail t r a d e ____

639
123
516
80
141

3 9 .5
40 .0
39 .5
40 .0
40 .0

68.00
78.00
66.00
68.00
64.00

C le r k s , f il e , c la s s A .
N onm anufacturing _

154
7l

39.5
39.0

73.00
66. 50

C le r k s , f il e , c la s s B .
M anufacturing -------Nonm anufacturing _
P u blic u tilities *
R etail t r a d e ____

520
174
346
34
64

3 9.5

58. 50
69.50
53.50
62.00
55.00

See footn otes at end o f table.




1 40 .0

3 9.0
40 .0
4 0.0

6 1 .0 0

56.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

32
30

33
32

4

6

3

-

_

1

_

24
23
1

3
3
-

1

_

-

-

-

_

_

15

25

15

25

10
2
8

_

_

_

“

"

“

“

_

_

26

11
ii

9

10
3

_

-

28
15
13
7

13
13

_
_

_
-

_

1
5

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

12
“

6
4

37
8

M
ii

5
4

8
8

1
1

_

_

_

“

"

~

11
3
3

4
4
4

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
1
-

_

_

_

1

_

_

_

.

_

_

-

-

.
-

_

_

.
-

_
.

-

-

-

-

-

10
4

13
13

9
9

_

_

_

_

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

“

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
.
_

_
_

_

_
_
.

_
_
_

_

20
14

126
2
124
18

137
11
126
6

56
46
12

33
5
28
16

25
14
11
-

43
43

3
1

25
24
2
-

71
66
14
15

70
61
53
4

-

11
-

87
8

_

_

.
_
_

2

4

-

11
9

16

_

2

_

23
£3

.

_

5

-

17
16

87

6
-

_

19
19

_

-

-

_

1

11

8

-

19
19

-

2

_

1

-

3
3

_

23
21
18

_
_

_

-

24
11
11

-

16
15

_

24
24
21

_

2
-

4
_

9
1

-

8
8
8

-

44
36

1
1

4

_

9

.
_
-

_

_

-

9

3
1

-

_
_

18

12 — rr~

.

-

-

55

10

-

-

-

?20.00 !2 5 .0 0
and
105.00 1 1 0 .O 115.00 120.00 125.00 o v e r
C

43
1

—7
—

fio.oo f 15.00

1

-

_

17

^05.0£

_

19
19
6

_

29

6

32
5
27
12

2
2

_
_

-

1
1

1
1

_

-

1

_
-

-

_

foo.oo

6

_
6
1

_

.
_

_

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
2

17
11

8
8
1
7

2
1

_

-

-

4
3
3
-

2

.
.
.
.

_
_
_
.

_
_
_
.

.

_

-

-

-

_
_
.

_

_
_

_

_
_

-

-

-

_
_
_
.

_
.
.
-

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

42

-

25
24
18
-

2

3

_
.
-

8

31

8

89
4
85
2
29

94
12
82
31
29

99
37
62
19
13

31
23
8

11
7
4

2

-

129
l6
113
2
9

34
22
12

-

31
6
8

111
2
109
20
53

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

2
2

5
5

12
12

22

13
13

57

28
1

7
-

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

73
3
70

102
6
96

74
10
64
18
24

28

63
38
25
5
2

110
101
9
8

18
15
3

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
.
-

.
.

_
.
.
.

_
.
_
.

_
_
_

_
.

_
_

_
_
-

_
51

_

51

_

_
_
_

_

_

.

38

_

.

.

28
3

If

12

_

-

1
1

_
_

_

_

..

-

_

_

_

_
_

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage stra ig h t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a s is ,
by industry d iv isio n , Seattle, W ash. , August 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

$
4 5 .0 0

S
5 0 .0 0

<
5 5 .0 0

*
6 0 .0 0

s
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

under

-

-

-

-

—

—

*
40^ 00

(Standard) (Standard)

Sex, occu pation , and industry d ivision

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

W
eekW
—

9

75.0 0

8 0 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

-

-

$
9 0 .0 0
-

$
$
$
$
$
$
s
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0
and

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0

over

W om en— Continued
C le r k s , o r d e r
M anufacturing ----N onm anufacturing
R etail t r a d e ___

2 25
41
184
64

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
7 0 .0 0
6 8 .0 0
7 0 .0 0
6 3 .0 0

C le r k s , p ayroll ---M a n u fa c t u r in g ___
Nonm anufacturing
R etail t r a d e _
_

2 52
141
61

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 5 .5 0
'""7 1 ."60
7 2 .5 0
7 3 .5 0

C om ptom eter op era to rs .
M anufacturing ______
Nonm anufacturing __
R etail t r a d e ______

482
126
356
149

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

68. 50
7 3 .5 0
6 7 .0 0
6 3 .5 0

D uplicating-m ach ine o p e ra to rs
(m im eograph o r d i t t o ) ________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____ ,

ill

2

-

41
9
32
32

21
9
12
3

43
8
35
6

9

-

9
1

33
12
21
5

41
17
24
14

16

87

64

-

-

_
-

2
2

_
_

_
.
_

_
.
.

-

-

_
.
_

_
•
_

16

-

-

-

.

_

-

-

18
18

12
12

12
8

12
12

_
_
-

_
_
-

23
8
15
-

35
11
24
6

35

34

27
5

34
18

38

33
4
29

28

32

3

21

2

.

26

27

30

3

1

1

114
1
113
16
20

54
50

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

5 8 .5 0
5 8 .5 0

K ey-punch op era tors
M anufacturing .
Nonm anufacturing
P u blic u tilities *

3 58

4 0 .0
4 6 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 0 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
7 1. 50

O ffice g irls
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___
Nonmanufacturing

160

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

5 2 .5 0
6 4 .0 0
4 9 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
9 6 .0 6
8 0 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

_
.
.
-

-

_
_
_
_

_
.
_
_

-

•

n n r~
170
64

32
128

TT.ITO"

S e c r e ta r ie s
M a n u fa c t u r in g _____
N onm anufacturing _
P u blic u tilities *
R etail t r a d e ____

1 ,1 1 1
5 68
136
58

3 9 .5
4 0 .6
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

Sten ograp h ers, general
M a n u fa c t u r in g ______
N onm anufacturing __
P u blic u tilities * _
R etail t r a d e _____

1 ,7 9 5
1 ,6 5 7
738
121
47

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 4 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
6 9 .5 0
6 8 .5 0

S ten ograp h ers, technical

36

3 8 .5

7 2 .0 0

Sw itchboard o p era to rs __
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
R etail t r a d e ___

282
57
225
62

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 6. 50
7 5 . 50
6 4 .5 0
6 4 .5 0

S w itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is ts
Manufac turing
Nonm anufacturing
P u blic u tilities *
R eta il t r a d e ____

296
69
227
73
40

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 6 .0 0
6 8 . 50
6 5 .0 0
6 7. 50
6 8 .0 0

86
60

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

7 5 .5 0
7 0 .5 0

38

T a bulating-m achine o p e ra to rs
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _________

543

1

-

1

86
66

68

1

23

56
20

45
20

6

-

42
7
35
20

57
7
50
1
49

3
2

24

31
16

25
9

123
39
84
43

88
44
44

18

.
18

-

.
_
-

41
23
18
14

22

21

12

6

16
4
2

3
9

16
“

-

.

-

-

_
_
-

.
_
-

-

_
_
-

4
1
3

8
2
6

4
4

1
1

_
_

.
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

5
5
-

_
-

_
-

_

5

"

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

171

182

61

26

136

9

136

33
13
4

43
15
2

3
1
2
2
-

7

64
22
3

83
60
23
4
-

7

9
7
-

22

3

_

_

14

4

18

_

63

56
14
42
4

48
1
47
15

36
3
33
2

38
24
14
12

14
9
5
-

68
22.
46
14
1

81
16
65
10
19

22
12
10
6
4

41
7
34
9
10

8
8

10
10

18
13

8
8

11
4
7

.
-

.
-

_

_

.

17

24

_

1

17
10

23
9
6

_

8
8

12
12

15

-

5
2
-

_

8
2
6

_

_
_
_

_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

?

_

3
-

_

_
_

.
_
_

-

-

-

.
_
-

5
3
2
-

_
.
.
-

_
_
-

6

1

1

6

3
3

-

_
.
-

8
6

14
3

15
15

21

15
14
1

3

_
_

_

_

46

1
1




_

_
-

1
1

_

_

-

_
_
_
-

_
5
— 3—
2
2
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

.
_
-

_
_

_
_
_

-

-

_
.
_
.
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
.
-

_
.
_
_

_

_

_

_

_

/

See footnotes at end of table.

_

212
87
125
20
16

_

-

_

_

-

_

-

_

_

138
26
112
18
6

-

-

_

_
_
_

22

_

"

12
12

18
2
1

63
29

-

-

100
75
25
1
-

_

-

23
11
12
7

2 15
187
28
8
1

10

_

-

524
418
106
27
13

10

_

65
46
17
9

12

_
-

-

77

-

-

126
90
36
19

390
292
98
14
3

_

1
1

1
1

.

255
37
2 18
33
12

8

_
_
_

_

-

2 23
44
179
21
11

8

-

_
_

1

_
_
.

_

_
_
_

36
1
35
15
6

_

-

-

_
_
_

18

1

-

.
-

_

_

.

_
_

_
_
_

3
3

_

.
_

_

-

-

22
8
14
1
5

)-

_

_
_
_
_
-

-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations-Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a s is ,
by industry d iv isio n , Seattle, W ash. , August 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Arauoi

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
worker*

f

W
eekly 40.00
W
eekly
boura * earning*1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under

45.00

45.00 *50.00 *55.00 *60.00 *65.00 *70.00 *75.00 *80.00 *85. 00 *90.00 *95.00 f o o .o o f o s . o o f i o . o o 115.00 !20.00 !25.00
and
50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 over

W omen— C ontinued

Transcribing-machine operators, general
Nonmanufacturing

145
130

38.5
36.5

Typists, class A
.
.
.
.
.
Manufacturing
_
Nonmanufactur ing
Public utilities *
Typists, class B _ _ _
_
—
Manufacturing
—
Nonmanufacturing-- — . _________________
—
Public utilities *
Retail trade
.
_

616
305
311
38
781
187
594
30
123

39.5
4 0
39.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
40.0

_

66.00
66.56
67.50

1

_
-

_

.73.6o

20
_
20
-

62.00
64.00
57.00
63.66
55. 50
58.50
61.00

3
3

118
118
2

36
36
155
23
132
4
5

_

67
8
2 ------55”
68
68
8
177
31
146
16
53

147
13
134
21
160
17
143
9
34

42
35

13
13

12
12

49
9
40
2
124
103
21
1
18

239
215
24
2
17
10
7
6

59
50
9
5
7
3
4
4

_

_

_

_

.

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
11
2

2
2
1

3
3
_

1
1
_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
-

-

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em p loyees r e c e iv e their regu lar straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co r re s p o n d to these w eekly h ou rs.
(excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m m ica tion , and other public u tilitie s.

* T ran sp ortation

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a s is ,
by industry div isio n , Seattle, W a s h ., August 1958)
Atskaqi
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
worker*

$
Weekly,
Weekly 55.00
hour* 1 earnings * and
(Standard) (Standard) under
60.00

$
60.00 *65.00
65.00

70.00

$
70.00
75.00

NUMBER OF WORKER8 RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
S
S
t
S
t
$
75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 1*00.00 1*05.00 *10.00 115.00 1*20.00 1*25.00 1*30.00 1*35.00 140.00
and
80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 over

Men
Draftsmen, leader
Manufac tur ing

167
155

4 0 .0
4 6.0

$
121.50
120.50

_
-

_
-

Draftsmen, senior
Manufacturing _
Nonmanufacturing

818
701
117

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

100.00
97756
114.00

-

.
-

D raftsm en, ju n ior
Manufac turing
Nonmanufacturing

777
520
257

4 0 .0
4 6.0
4 0 .0

83.00
78. 50
93.00

6
_
6

4
4
-

33
33
-

78
70

40.0
40.0

94.50

_

_

_

95766

_
_
-

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

13
13
-

286
280
6

3

_

_
-

-

-

-

190
164
6

158
152
6

144
144
-

201
142
59

53
38
15

93

87

4
4
-

4

1
1

2
2

63
61

-

r

_
-

44
23
25
29
----- T T “ 25— ----- i 5” — Z9- —

100
56
113
— 95” ------52“ ” 55
2
4
65
60
_
60

_
“

5
--------j 2

26
------- 2“
24

8
11
2
n ~ --------5” ------- 2 "
13

----13”

_
_ —

1
r
-

25
n—
12
— r ”
8

-

-

12
_
12

12
_
12

_
_

.

.
_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

.

_

_

_

.

_
_

Women
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Manufac turing

2

3

2

— r

■

1

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em p lo ye e s r e c e iv e their regu lar stra igh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co r re s p o n d to these w eekly h ou rs.




8
Table A-3. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earn in gs fo r m en in se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a s is ,
by industry div isio n , Seattle, W a s h ., August 1958)
NUMBER OF WO&KEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
worker*

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

138

94
... _

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e _______

44

,

212

T5S
44

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

E n g i n e e r s , s t a t io n a r y

211

N o n m a n u fa c tiir in g

178
33

-----

_

F ir e m e n , s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r _________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
..

2 . 10

2.20

$
2 . 30

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

2.00

2 . 10

2.20

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

$

2 .8 1
2 .7 5
3 . 10

2 .5 6
2 .5 6
2 .5 9

-

■

-

4
4
“

"

■

.

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

■

-

.
“

_

.

-

4
4

■

“

8
8

-

10
16

*

"

■

1

-

26
l6

44
37
7

30
25
5

3
3

6
6

"

“
35

-

6
6

2

-

*

21

2 .1 8
2 . 18

13
l5

8
8

27
25

106

-

2 .7 8
T7W

.

.

_

.

■

”

"

.

.

_

!

_
-

-

-

-

"

~

"

■

.

210

_

2 .5 7
2 .6 3
2 .6 2

441
388

_

M e c h a n ic s , m a in t e n a n c e

2.61

TIE

.... _

298

I7E

2 .7 1
2 .7 2

2.61
149
— J W - " " 2 7 6 1 ...

--------

in
in

2 .2 5
"2 7 2 5

112

__ _

2 .6 3
2 .7 3

“
.
-'

-

roT -

1

11

.

2.60

%
2 .7 0

S
2 .8 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

$

53
53

2

“

5
4

_

21
12

_

4
4

6
6

-

9
9

_

.

“

"

.

26

-

-

-

-

26

-

-

2
2

8
8

15
15

73
73

11
11

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

4
4
”

-

“

.

.

.

14
12

"

10 6

2.62

2 .6 1

"

*

“

3 .0 3
5 .0 3

.

.

.

l
"

22
22

1

~

1 E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r ov e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w eekends, h olid ays, and late sh ifts.
* T ran sp ortation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m u n ication , and other public u tilities.

4
3

19
l6

$

$

$

$

$

$

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 . 10

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .0 0

3. 10

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

1

"

79
79

_

_

-

_

-

-

■

6

430
104
326
292

88
2
86

6

-

■

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

24
24

5
3

-

3
3

“

-

13

9
9

“

_

-

-

69

1
12
10

-

-

_
-

33
5i

188
l 88

4
4

25
25

■

-

80
80

-

11

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1

_
-

2

-

-

-

-

-

1

~

2

“

"

■

-

-

-

“

-

6

_

_

11

1

34
32
2

64
19
45

24
~ T 5 ------

1

4

96
_

1
1

-

”

96

.

1
1

-

-

70
65

■

3
_
3

9
9
“

3

“

43
9
34

4
4

31
31

-

“

-

-

4

2
2

.

_

-

-

-

4

_

-

2
2

-

_

-

-

*

5
4

8
8

-

5
5

2
2

8

-

1
1

107
5

*

2
2

1

4

-

112

“

2
2

-

9
5

4

1

.

13

_
8

33

17
16

4%
4

_

34

65
3

11
6

6
6

1

“

1

“

68

3

-

5
4

.

162

156
156

.

“

2.68

57
55




8
8

3
3
~

-

2 .2 5
2 .2 8

167
l5 9

P ip e f it t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e .
M a n u fa ctu r in g

2.00

2.62

2 .5 7
2 .7 3

5 67

M a n u fa ctu r in g

$

1 .9 0

2 14

M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n ce
M a n u fa ctu r in g

.............

1 .9 0

$

$

72
55

H e l p e r s , t r a d e s , m a in te n a n ce
M a n u fa ctu r in g
....

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *

%
1 .8 0

$

C a r p e n t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

Average $
hourly
1 .7 0
earning* 1
and
u n d er
1 .8 0

1

•

1
1

_

_

_

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

2

-

1

138
i5 6

12
12

6

9

Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis,
by industry division, Seattle, Wash. , August 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

Avenge S
hourly .
1. 30
esrn p
in i
and
under
1.40

$

$

$

$

$

1.40

1. 50

1. 60

1. 70

1. 80

$
1.90

1. 50

1. 60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2. 00

84
84
37

125
125
20

5
5
2

2
2
1

-

-

Elevator operators, passenger (women) ______
Nonmanufacturing-----------------------------------------Retail tra d e _______________________________

216
216
60

$
1. 52
1. 52
1.49

Guards __________________________________________
Manufacturing _ _ _ . . . . . . __ . ____
Nonmanufacturing ________ _. ___________

355
325
30

2. 10
2. 12
1.91

_
"

3
3

2
2

4
4

3
3

18
14
4

Janitors, porters, and cleaners (men) ________
Manufacturing . . . . ____ . . .
. . . ___
Nonmanufacturing---- _. . .
.. .. .. .
Public utilities * _________________________
Retail trade _____ . . . ____ ____ ___

1,349
£T0~
739
80
196

1. 78
. 92
1.66
1. 86
1. 65

13
13
-

3

226
8
218
5
40

. 163

1
1
-

244
9
235
2
112

Janitors, porters, and cleaners (wom en)_____
Nonmanufacturing
_. ____ . . ____
Retail tra d e _______________________________

452
3l8
47

1. 66
1. 58
1. 50

6

1

34
34
33

219
219
9

Laborers, material handling__________________
Manufacturing . . .
____ __ _. __ _. ___
Nonmanufacturing . . ____ . . _. ________
Public utilities * __ _. _. __ ._ _. _ __
'Retail tra d e _______________________________

1,712
4
978
387
261

2. 12
2. 11
2. 12
2. 28
1.99

3
3
3

_
-

63
63
-

Order f i l l e r s ____________________________________
Manufacturing _ . . . . _. ._ . . _. _. __ . .
Nonmanufacturing-------------------------------------------

743
131
612

2. 12
2. 16
2. 11

_
-

Packers, shipping (m en )_______________________
Manufacturing_________ ______________________
Nonmanufacturing _ — ._ . . .
._ _ . .

285
133

2. 10
2. 12
2. 07

-

2.00

2. 10

S
2. 20

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

$

$

%

S

$

$

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

2.90

2. 40

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

2. 90

3. 00

$
3 .0 0
and
over

$

$

$

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

32
32
■

50
47
3

210
203
7

19
19
•

14
10
4

_
-

_
■

_
"

.
"

_
“

.
-

.
-

153
8
13

401
339
62
38
3

66
32
34
22
12

122
112
10
8

98
90
8
_
8

3
2
1
_
-

.4 0
/
6
4
4
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

.
_
-

_
_
-

22
20
4

34
34
-

109
3
-

27
2
"

1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
“

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
~

_
“

13
13
13

26
12
14
14

235
48
187
101

615
331
284
7
110

161
148
13
1
-

439
12
427
371

42
7
35

15
13
2
2

20

10
10
-

34
34
-

16
16
_
_

-

12
12
"

.
_
-

.
-

4
4

.
■

_
"

3
3

_
-

15
3
12

255
20
235

357
33
324

76
64
12

32
8
24

1
1

_
■

_
■

_
“

_
-

_
-

_
“

.
"

_
-

12
12
-

_
-

_
-

5
5
*

34
23
11

97
4
93

29
29

105
105
-

3
3
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
“

_
-

_
■

_
“

1.79
1. 90
1. 67
1. 73

.
"

.
-

64
64
10

21
21
21

21
21
21

56
43
13
6

83
81
2
2

6
6
6

4
4
“

.
-

.
-

_
“

_
“

"

-

"

"

.
“

2.
"2.
2.
2.

06
03 '
12
07

8
8
7

.
-

_
"

6
6

301
2i6
55
50

44
------3
39
12

40
-------- 5“
32
7

5
2
3
-

6

-

1
1
-

123

-

.
-

_
*

3
1
2
2

_
-

_
■

.
"

154
34
120
37

2.
2.
2.
2.

22
34
19
03

.
-

-

-

25
9
16
11

14
_
14
7

55
_
55
2

18
------- 5
16
4

12
10
2

-

10
4
6
6

107
68
39

2.19
. 27
2. 06

8

_

15

15

6

31

6

.

-

15

6

14
------- 9—
5

•
%

n

T5T~

Packers, shipping (women) ____________________
Manufacturing______ __ _____ _______ ______ __
Nonmanufacturing
__ ____ __ ___ __ ___
Retail trade
. . . . .
. . . . __

255

Receiving clerks
. . . .
Manufacturing________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Retail tra d e_______________________________

531
------J$3~ "
148
84

Shipping clerks
Manufacturing . . . . . . .
Nonmanufacturing
Retail trade
_

. . .
. . . .

Shipping and receiving clerks . . _
__
Manufacturing_______________________________
Nonmanufacturing

See footnotes at end of table.




TzW~
127
66

1

2

6

t

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_

_

-

-

-

7
7
7

_

_

_

_

-

•

-

16

8

i l l ......

-

—

ir~
3

—

W~

6

-

--------

2
-

9

5

------------ —

-

J
•

-

8

.
_

j

1
2
-------- T~ ------- 2—

4

28
26

-

2

2
2

-------- r ~ ------ 7— --------2

-

-

-

•

*

“

10
Table A-4. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations-Continued
(A vera ge stra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an a re a b a s is ,
by industry d iv isio n , Seattle, W a s h ., August 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKEB8RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
worken

O ccupation 1 and industry div isio n

T ru ck d riv er s 3
_
_
M an u factu rin g________________________________
N on m an u factu rin g___________________________
P u blic utilities * __ _
__
__
R etail t r a d e ----------------------------------------------T r u c k d riv e r s , light (under lVa t o n s ) ----------N onm an u factu rin g________________________
T r u c k d riv e r s , m edium (lVa to and
including 4 tons)
.
_ ____________
M an u factu rin g ____________________________
N on m anufacturing________________________
Pu blic utilities *
_ __ __
------T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
t r a ile r type) _ ___
— ____ __
M an u factu rin g ____________________________
N on m an u factu rin g________________________
P u blic utilities * ______________________

T r u c k e r s , pow er ( f o r k l i f t ) _____________________
M anufacturing . . . .
.
__ . _
Nonm anufacturing . . .
. . . . . _. . —
R etail t r a d e ----------------------------------------------T r u c k e r s , pow er (oth er than f o r k l i f t ) _________
M anufacturing . . . . . . . ___
. .
...
_

81

6
6

815
l6
l
714

6
10

$
2. 42
2. 55
2 39
.
2. 32
2. 50

S

1.40
1.50

$

1. 50
1 .60

$

1.60
1 .70

2

-

-

-

2
2

2. 30
2. 23

_

_

_

2.
2.
2.
2.

-

"

34
49
32
30

-

1. 70
1 .80

-

«

1. 80
1.90

2

-

$

1 .90

20
. 0

$

20
. 0
21
. 0

*2
.

10

22
. 0
44
7
37

-

-

"

_

_

_

36
36

“

■

*
*

“

5
-------5
■

1
1

2
2

-

-

_

_

"

"

-

1
1

1

24

S

22
. 0

623

619

617
605
-

599
595
-

6

12
12
593
593
593

i

-

-

"

-

-

"

-

"

•

2
2

2. 49
Z7T5
2. 50

-

-

-

-

■

"

-

•

z
■

2

-

22
.. 1
2 18
.
2 26
.

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
■

18
18
~

_
“

_
'

32
25
7

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

_

1

8

26

12
10

2
0

628
i Z 2"
206
35

2. 24

170
170

22
. 0
22
. 0

_

80

1. 89
1. 89

_

6o

2

4

4
4

26

1

16

256
246

8
6

12
0

l2
0
5

2 .3 0
2. 40

2 49
.
2 .5 4 “
2. 48
2 39
.

28
6

S

2. 30

613
------- 5T~
559

1 Data lim ite d to m en w o rk e rs except w here oth erw ise indicated.
a E xcludes p rem iu m pay fo r o vertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
5 Includes all d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s ize and type o f truck operated.
* T ran sp ortation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m u nication, and other public u tilities.




$

295
------- 55
237

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 tons, other
than tr a ile r type)
. .. .
M anufacturing
,, „ __.
N onm anufacturing
____ . . .

W atchm en
M anufacturing

2, 392
496
1,902
1,245
230

Average $
hourly « 1. 30
earning!
and
under
1.40

-

2
0

5

12
12
12

<

2. 40
2. 50

$

* 2 60
.

2 60
.

2. 70

2 80
.

328
234
94
-

63
40
23
23
-

400
— 133
247

299
-----36
269

27

169

1

_

2

12

2
2
12
16
0
------ 5?
104
~

238
28
------ 3 ------ 16
—
235
12
235
12

$

2. 50

2

14

12
2
2
2 45
— 25—
225
-

7
7
-

57
57
“

2. 70

$

2 80
.
2. 90

1
_

$

2 90
.
3 .0 0

$

3. 00
and
over

-

9
_
9
_
9

-

4

.

_

_

24

-

.
-

_
-

1
1
1

9
9
-

-

2
1
3
3

33
— n—

2
0
2
0

1
1

-

_
_
_

24

179
45
134

44
Z
42

38
--------1
37

_
-

-

-

-

70
42
28
~

19
15
4
'

3
3
“

_
"

9
9
■

_

62
159
28

-

_
-

.
-

19
19

30
30

_

_

_

-

"

1
1

2

_

_

_

21
2

32

8

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_




B :

E s t a b lis h m e n t

P r a c tic e s

an d

S u p p le m e n t a r y

W a g e

11

P r o v is io n s

Table B-1. Shift Differentials
( P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu r in g plant w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l p r o v i s io n s f o r s h ift w o r k , and in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
a c t u a lly o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s b y ty p e and am o u n t o f d i ff e r e n t i a l, S e a ttle , W a s h ., A u g u s t 1958)
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v i s io n s 1 f o r —
Shift d iff e r e n t ia l

T o ta l

__ ________

__ __ „

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

4 .6

9 3 .4

2 6 .6

4 .6

1 3 .5

2 5 .4

1 .0

.5
.3
.7
.6
2 2 .3
.2
.8
-

. 1
.2
.4
.2
( 2)
( 2)

______

_ _

9 6 .7

9 3 .4

__ _____

_ _

___

9 6 .7

_

S e c o n d sh ift

2 6 .6

_____

_ _____

_

U n ifo r m c e n t s (p e r h o u r )

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o r k

8 1 .5

________

W ith sh ift p a y d iff e r e n t ia l

S e c o n d s h ift
w ork

In e s t a b lis h m e n ts , a c t u a lly
o p e r a t in g —

3 cen ts
__________ _______
___ ___ __________ _
5 cen ts
. ... _
.
.....
_
........ .
______________ __ — __ _____
___ —
6 cen ts
7 cen ts
__ _ ___
_ ___
__
__ __ __
___
7
cen t8
_____
__
________
________ _
_____ __ ___
__ __ ____________ _
8 cen ts
9 c e n t s ____________________________________________________
10 c e n t s ____________ _____
_____
;----- ----------------12 c e nt s ,
_____ _____ __________ _______ _
c e n t s ________________________________________________
14 V3 c e n t 8
__
__ __ __ __ __ __ _____________
15 c e n t s
_ _______ __
__ _____ _____ _________ _

.7
4 .3
2 .6
4 .5
4 .6
6 2 .0
.6
2 .2
-

_
.5
2 .2
1 .6
.7
1 .0
1. 1
3 .7
1 .7
.6
.4

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e
______
__ __ __ __
__ ____
5 p e r c e n t ______________________ ___ __ _________________ ___
_
10 p e r c e n t
_______u __
__ __ ________ _

1 .0
.2
.8

1 .0
.2
.8

. 1
. 1
-

( 2)
( 2)

F u ll day*s p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s

1 .0

1 .0

. 1

-

4 .6

6 9 .3

.5

3 .6

llz

1 lU
2

-------------

---------------

F u ll d a y 1s pay f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s p lu s
c e n t s d iff e r e n t ia l ___________________________________ _____
F u ll day*s pay f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s p lu s
p e r c e n t d i ff e r e n t ia l
_ _ _____
O th e r f o r m a l pay d i ff e r e n t i a l
N o s h ift pay d iff e r e n t ia l

__

6. 1

______

_____________________________
________

__ ______

__ _

1 I n c lu d e s e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s ,
e v e n th ou gh th e y w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s .
2 L e s s than 0 . 05 p e r c e n t .

6. 1

.5

“

2 .6

2 .6

. 1

( 2)

-

-

■

and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v i s io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ift s

12

Table_B=2. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is trib u tio n o f e sta b lis h m e n ts studied in a ll in d u s trie s and in in du stry d iv is io n s by m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r y fo r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f fic e w o r k e r s , S e a ttle , W a s h ., A u gust 1958)
In e x p e r ie n c e d typists

M in im um w e e k ly s a la r y 1

____

. . . . .

M an u factu rin g

B a se d on standard w e e k ly h ou rs 3 of—

A ll
in d u strie s

A il
sch e d u le s
E sta b lish m en ts studied

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
N onm anufacturing

M anufacturin g

40

A ll
s ch e d u le s

A ll
in d u s trie s

N onm anufacturing

B a s ed on standard w eek ly hou rs 3 o f—
A ll
sch ed u les

40

40

A ll
sch ed u les

40

138

48

XXX

90

XXX

138

48

XXX

90

XXX

64
2
2
5
9
5
16
4
5
3
2
2
6
1
1
1

18
1
9
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
-

17
1
8
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
-

46
2
2
5
9
4
7
3
4
2
1
1
4

40
2
3
8
4
6
3
4
2
1
1
4
1
1

63
2
3
4
11
4
16
9
2
2
1
1
6

16
1
8
2

16
1
8
2
1
1
2

41
2
3
10
3
7
7

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

47
2
3
4
11
3
8
7
2
1
1
4
1

-

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

XXX

1
25

1
10

-

XXX

15

XXX

XXX

49
1

22

XXX

27

XXX

E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m ________
$ 3 7 . 50 and under $ 4 0 . 00 .............................................
$ 4 0 . 00 and under $ 4 2 . 50 __________________________
$ 4 2 . 50 and under $ 4 5 . 00 .............................................
$ 4 5 .0 0 and under $ 4 7 .5 0 . .
. . . .
$ 4 7 . 50 and under $5 0 . 00 _
. . . . ----$ 5 0 .0 0 and under $ 5 2 .5 0
. . . . . .
_____ . .
$ 5 2 . 50 and under $55 . 00
___ _____ __ —
$ 55. 00 and under $ 57. 50 .......................................
$ 5 7 . 50 and under $ 6 0 . 00 _
__
____
___
$ 6 0 .0 0 and under $ 6 2 . 50 _. ____ _
__ _ __
$ 6 2 . 50 and under $ 6 5 . 00 _____
__ ____
_____
. —
$ 6 5 .0 0 and under $ 6 7 .5 0 . . . __ _ __ _
$ 6 7 . 50 and under $ 7 0 . 00 ____________________________________
$ 7 0 . 00 and under $ 7 2 . 50 _____ _ _ _______
$ 7 2 . 50 and under $ 7 5 . 00 .
_
. ----------------$ 7 5 .0 0 and under $ 7 7 . 50 __
_ _ __
_ —
__
$ 7 7 . 50 and under $80 . 00 _
—
_
E sta b lish m en ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m _________
E sta b lish m en ts w hich d id not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y _ ___________ _ _ _ . ----------- ------------- _ .
D ata not av a ila b le
__ . _ . . . . .

-

-

1
1

-

-

24

9

XXX

15

49

21

XXX

1

28
1

"

-

1
1
2

-

1

"

7

1
1
4
-

1

1

1 L o w e s t s a la r y rate fo r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d f o r h irin g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o rk e rs f o r typing o r o th er c l e r i c a l jo b s .
2 R a tes a p p lica b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o f fic e g ir ls , o r s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jo b s a r e not c o n s id e r e d .
3 H ou rs r e fle c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s . D ata a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a ll w ork w eek s c o m b in e d , and fo r the m o s t c o m m o n w o rk w e e k r e p o r te d .

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P e r q e n t d is trib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by s ch ed u led w eek ly hours
o f f ir s t - s h if t w o r k e r s , S e a ttle , W a s h ., A u gust 1958)
OFFICE WORKERS

Weekly hours

All workers_____________________________ _
35 hours ________________________________
371* hours _ . .... . . ------- - — - - —
/
Over 37Va and under 40 hours ___
40 hours
. . . --------Over 40 hours -------------------------------------------------------1
2
3
*

All
.
industries

Manufacturing

Public ^
utilities*

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

100

100

100

100

_

_

9
4
88
(*>

1
(S)
99

_
-

_
-

100
”

100
”

Finance

All 2
industries

100

Public
utilities*

Retail trade

100

100

4

_

.

-

-

-

-

97
(3)

95
(3)

100
-

100
“

In clu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
In clu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry divisiQ ns show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
T r a n sp o rta tio n (e x clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r public u tilitie s .




Manufacturing

100

13
table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by num ber o f paid h olid ays
p r o v id e d annually, S e a ttle , W ash. , A u gust 1958)

OFFICE WORKERS
Item

All '
workers_ _ __ _ _ _ ___
_ _ _

Al .
l
idsre1
nutis

„

Workers in establishments providing
_
paid holidays „ __ __ __ — --- _
Workers in establishments providing
no paid holidays _ __ __ ________

___

---

Manuf c u i g
atrn

Pbi *
ulc
uiiis*
tlte

PLANT WORKERS
Rti ta e
eal rd

Fnne
iac

Al 2
l
i dsre
nutis

Mnfcuig
auatrn

Pbi ^
ulc
uiiis*
tlte

Rti ta e
eal rd

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

97

97

99

98

3

3

1

2

_

15
83
-

“

"

“

-

(
3)
-

_
-

_
-

(
3)
99
(
3)
“

N u m b e r o f days
f
2 holidays _ _ _ ---- —
_ _
. - --- — —
4 holidays ______________________________
5 holidays _ _________ _ _____ ___ —
_
5 holidays plus 1 half day ____________
6 holidays _ _ --- —
_ _
--- ---- —
-- --- _ _ _
6 holidays plus 1 half day
7 holidays
_.
7 holidays plus 1 half d a y ------------8 holidays ----- --- —
_ --- ---8 holidays plus 1 half d a y _________________
8 holidays plus 2 half days________________
9 holidays _ _ _ _ __ __ --- --------_ _ _ _
1 0 holidays___ _ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ ~ _ ---_ _
_

1

1

(
3)
48

(
3)

1

46
(
3)
2

(
3)
i

11

87
1

(3)
-

2
2
88

8

-

6

_

(
3)

(
3)

1
1

3
(
3)
43
1

43
"

2

4
23
68

“

1

3
3
88

5
*

-

“

Total holiday time 4
1 0 days _ _ _ _ ___
_ _ _
_ _ ---- ------_
9 or more days _ __ __
____ __________
8 Vs or more days
_ _ __ _ --- -_
8 or more d a y s _ ___ _ _ _____ — _ —
7V2 or more days __ _ __ _ _____ _ ---_
7 or more d a y s __________________________
6 V2 or more days
_________ ___ _______
6 or more days _______ ___
_ ___ __
5V2 or more days_________________________
5 or more days __________________________
4 or more days __________________________
2 or more d a y s _ ___ _ --- --- — _
_
_

1
2
3
4
d a y s, 6
*

j
3
4
50
51

_
(
3)
1
88
88

8
8

99
99

99
99

96

100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100

98

_
(3)
(
3)
99
99
99
99
99
99
100

_
-

-

-

-

43
43
87
87
90

91
91
92
97

68
68

91
91
95
96
96

97
97

_
5
5
92
95
98
98
98
99
99

_
-

83

83
83
83
83
83
98

In clu des data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in du stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
In clu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
A ll com b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sa m e am ount a r e co m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r tio n wf w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total o f 7 days in clu d es those w ith 7 fu ll days and no h alf
fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf days, and s o on. P r o p o r t io n s w e r e then cu m u lated.
'
T r a n sp o rta tio n (e x clu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th er public u tilitie s .




14
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
(P ercent distribution o f office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions
by vacation pay p rovision s, Seattle, W a sh ., August 1958)
OFPICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o lic y
A
U
industries 1
A ll w o r k e r s

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

Finance

A
D
industries 2

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
99
-

99
97
3

100
95
5

100
99
1

98
98
-

(3)

-

-

(3)

( 3)

-

-

2

1
36
( 3)
-

1
8
-

63
-

12
10
-

8
7
40
-

10
1
63
-

_
55
-

11
7
-

_
14
_
86
<3)

__

_
6
_
94
-

_
13
87
_
-

_
82
18
-

(3 )
47
2
10
39
1

( 3)
31
3
2
62
2

_
39
61
-

_
91
7
-

_
2
98
_
( 3)

_
9
1
90
_
-

_
100
_
-

(3)
22
4
32
39
1

( 3)
23
6
6
62
2

_
35
4
61
"

_
8
90
-

_

_
1
96
.
3

_
100
■

(3)
8
6
45
39
1

(3)
12
9
15
62
2

_
4
96
( 3)

_
98
~

M e t h o d off p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts provid in g
paid v a c a tio n s _________________________________
L e n g th -o f-tim e paym ent __ .
P e r c e n t a g e paym ent
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts provid in g
no paid v a c a tio n s
.
.
....
A m o u n t off v a c a t i o n p a y 4
A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
L e s s than 1 w eek
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eek s .
2 w eek s _
A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
L e s s than 1 w eek
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eek s _
2 w eek s
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w eeks

—
—

-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
L e s s than 1 w eek
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eek s
2 w eeks
.
—
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w eeks .
. . . .

_
3
( 3)
97
(3 )
( 3)

—

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
L e s s than 1 w eek ----------—— . . . ---- -------- -------------1 w eek
__
_
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eek s _
2 w eek s —„____
_ _________ ____ ___________
_
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w eek s _
3 w eek s
__
_ __
___
_

_
(3)
( 3)
98
(3)
1

( 3)
_
98
_
2

See footnotes at end o f table.




NOTE:

In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of s e rv ice , payments other than "length of tim e ,"
such as percentage o f annual earnings o r flat*sum payments, were converted to an equivalent time
b asis; fo r exam ple, a payment o f 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 w eek's pay.

15
Table B-5. Paid Vacations-Continued
(Percent distribution o f office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions
by vacation pay p rovisions, Seattle, W ash., August 1958)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y

All
,
industries 1

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance

All 2
industries

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 4— C o n t in u e d

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
------------- _
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s
2 w eek s
3 w eek s

-----„ . „ n„ r „ ................

_
-

_

_
97

_
_
99

(3 )
1
57
39
2

(3 )
2
33
62
3

38
-

(3 )
1
46
3
11
39

l3 )
2
25
3
8
62

77
8
15
-

_
_
26
_
74
-

_
_
16
83
-

(3 )
1
22
l3 )
37
39

(3 )
2
10
_
26
62

_
36
_
64
-

68
-

86
_
14
(3 )

_
_
26
_
69
_
5

_
_
16
_
83
_
(3 )

(3 )
22
(3 )
36
39
2

l3 )
2
9
_
26
62
1

_
_
36
_
58
_
6

_
_
31
_
65
_
2

_
_
86
_
12
1
1

_
_
26
69
_
5

_
16
.
40
_
44

(3 )
1
22
(3 )
29
40
7

l3 )
2
9
_
22
64
3

_
36
_
58
_
6

_
31
_
44
_
24

-

97
2
2

------

97
l3)
3

_
_
83
2
15
-

_
_
92
1
7
-

_
_
86
2
12
-

_
_
61

_
_
57
(3 )
43
-

_
_
86
_
14
-

_
_
53
(3 )
41
_
6

_
53
(3 )
27
1
19

3

l3 )

_
100
l3 )

_
96
2

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek

..... .........................

2 w eek s ....
----..
.
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s
3 w eek s
. . . ...
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s

.........
----

...

...........

..

_ . ...

_
85
14
-

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek

O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _
3 w eeks
..................................

-

. - -

.....

O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s

_
31

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
. _ . .... ......... .
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s

4 w eek s -

—
.
............

. ........

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s
•........... ........
4 w eeks _ .
....... _ ........ .... ...
_
.......

1
a
3
4
service
*

Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and se rv ice s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0 .5 percent.
Periods o f serv ice were arbitrarily chosen and do not n ecessa rily re fle ct the individual provisions for p rog ression s.
For exam ple, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 ye a rs'
include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years.
Transportation (excluding ra ilroa ds), com m unication, and other public utilities.




16

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in industry- d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts provid in g
health, in s u r a n c e , o r pen sion b e n e fits , S eattle, W a s h ., A u gust 1958)
OFFICE WORKERS
T yp e o f b e n e fit

A ll w o r k e r s

--— -----—------------------ - ------------------

All .
industries1

100

Manufacturing

100

Public
utilities*

100

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

100

Finance

All 2
industries

100

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities*

Retail trade

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro vid in g:
L ife in s u ra n ce
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
insuranrft
S ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce o r
s ic k le a v e o r both 3 __
S ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d ) ___________ __________________
S ick le a v e (p a rtia l pay o r
------T
--------------------w aiting p e r io d )
H os p ita liz a tion in s u ra n ce
--------........—
S u r g ic a l in s u ra n ce
M e d ica l in su ra n ce
C a ta stroph e in su ra n ce
R e tir e m e n t p en sion _
_
___
_ _
No h ealth, in s u r a n c e , o r p en sion plan __ _

96

97

99

97

93

92

94

100

82

93

83

65

85

85

73

89

92
29

95
9

92
33

93
63

94
87

94
94

100
49

92
84

71

88

20

11

4

-

28

-

( 4)
15
15
15
2
90

48
45
45
42
5
78

30
96
96
63
37
79
2

5
93
93
89
5
68
2

96
96
94
2
75
3

35
57
57
47
11
93

8
97
97
89
13
52

7
48
48
43
14
81
1

1 In clu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
* Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 U nduplicated to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce show n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w .
S ic k -le a v e plans a r e lim it e d to th ose w h ich d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t
the m in im u m n um ber o f days* pay that can be e x p e c te d b y e a ch e m p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an in divid u al b a s is a r e ex c lu d e d .
4 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t.
* T r a n sp o rta tio n (e xclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th er pub lic u t ilit ie s .




17
Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The p rim a ry purprtJse of preparing job descriptions for the B ureau’s wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations w orkers who are employed under
a va rie ty of p a yro ll titles and different w ork arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
Th is is essential in o rd e r to p e rm it the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishroent and
interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions m ay differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments o r those prepared for o tte r purposes,
hi
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field representatives are instructed to exclude w o rk ­
ing superviso rs, apprentices, le a rn e rs, beginners, trainees, handicapped w o rk e rs, p a rt-tim e ,
tem po rary, and probationary w o rk e rs.

O ffi
B I L L E R , M A C H IN E
Prepares statements, b ills , and invoices on a machine other
than an o rd in ary or electrom atic typ e w rite r. M ay also keep records
as to billings o r shipping charges or perform other c le ric a l w o rk in ­
cidental to billing operations.
F o r wage study purposes, b ille rs ,
m achine, a re classified by type of m achine, as follows:
B ille r , machine (billing m achine)— — Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, E llio tt F is h e r, Burroughs, e tc ., which
are combination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and
invoices from custom ers' purchase ord e rs, internally prepared
o rd e rs , shipping m em oranda, etc.
U sually involves application
of predeterm ined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which m ay or m ay not be computed on the
billing m achine, and totals which are autom atically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large num ber of
carbon copies of the b ill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
B ille r , machine (bookkeeping m achine)------Uses a bookkeeping
machine (&und strand, E llio tt F is n e r, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
m ay or m ay not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers'
bills as p a rt of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on custom ers' ledger
re co rd .
The machine autom atically accumulates figures on a
num ber of ve rtical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
m a tica lly the debit o r credit balances . Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. W orks from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E llio tt
F is h e r, Sundstrand, B urroughs, National Cash R egister, with or w ith­
out a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ------ Continued
Class A — Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and fa m ilia rity with
the structure of the p a rticu la r accounting system used.
D e te r­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the w o rk . M ay prepare consolidated
re p o rts, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B -— Keeps a record of one or m ore phases o r sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, p a yro ll,
custom ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of b illin g described
under b ille r, m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in ­
ventory control, etc. M ay check or assist in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
C lass_A— Under general direction of a bookkeeper o r account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or m ore sections of a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
m ent's business transactions. W o rk involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger o r ledgers such as accounts receivable or a c ­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices o r vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
M ay assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; m ay d irect class
B accounting cle rks.
Class B ----- Under supervision, perform s one or m ore routine
accounting operations such as posting sim ple journ a l vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher re giste rs;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
Th is job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the m ore routine accounting w ork is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several w o rk e rs.

18
CLERK,

F IL E

C la s s A — R e s p o n s ib le fo r m ain taining an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
s y s t e m . C la s s ifie s and in d e x e s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e o r oth er m a te r ia l;
m a y a ls o file th is m a te r ia l. M ay k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty pes
in co n ju n ction w ith file s o r s u p e r v is e o th e r s in filin g and lo ca tin g
m a te r ia l in the f i l e s .
M ay p e r fo r m in cid en ta l c l e r i c a l d u ties.
C la s s B -----P e r fo r m s rou tin e filin g , u su ally o f m a te r ia l that
h as a lr e a d y b een c la s s ifie d , o r lo c a t e s o r a s s is t s in lo ca tin g m a ­
te r ia l in the f i l e s .
M ay p e r fo r m in cid en ta l c l e r i c a l d u tie s .
CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s to m e rs* o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e by
m a il, phone, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any com b in a tion o f the
fo llo w in g : Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m aking out an o r d e r sh eet
lis tin g the ite m s to m ake up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and qu an tities
o f ite m s on o r d e r sh eet; d istrib u tin g o r d e r sh e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e d e ­
pa rtm en ts to be fille d .
M ay c h e c k w ith c r e d it dep a rtm en t to deter*m in e c r e d it ratin g o f c u s to m e r , ack n ow led g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m
c u s t o m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e that th ey have b een fille d , k eep
file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k shipping in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l
ord ers.
CLERK,

K E Y -P U N C H O P E R A T O R
Under g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i­
b ilit ie s , r e c o r d s a ccou n tin g and s ta t is t ic a l data on tabulating c a r d s
by punching a s e r ie s o f h o le s in the c a r d s in a s p e c ifie d se q u e n ce ,
using an a lp h a b e tica l o r a n u m e r ic a l k ey -p u n ch m a ch in e, follow in g
w ritten in fo rm a tio n on r e c o r d s .
M ay d u p lica te c a r d s by using the
d u plicatin g d e v ic e atta ch ed to m a ch in e .
K eep s f ile s o f punch c a r d s .
M ay v e r ify ow n w o rk o r w o rk o f o th e r s .
O F F IC E BOY OR G IR L
P e r fo r m s v a r io u s rou tin e d u ties su ch a s running e r ra n d s ,
op e ra tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ch in e s su ch a s s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening
and d istrib u tin g m a il, and oth er m in o r c le r i c a l w o rk .
SECRETARY
P e r fo r m s s e c r e t a r ia l and c l e r i c a l d u ties fo r a s u p e r io r in an
a d m in istra tiv e o r e x e cu tiv e p o s itio n . D u ties in clu d e m aking a p poin t­
m en ts fo r s u p e r io r ; r e c e iv in g p eop le co m in g into o ffic e ; a n sw erin g
and m aking phone c a lls ; handling p e r s o n a l and im p orta n t o r c o n fi­
den tial m a il, and w ritin g rou tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e on ow n in itia tiv e ;
taking d icta tion (w h ere tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e is n ot u sed ) e ith er in
sh orth an d o r by sten otyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e, and tr a n s c r ib in g d ic ta ­
tion o r the r e c o r d e d in fo rm a tio n r e p r o d u c e d on a tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e .
M ay p r e p a r e s p e c ia l r e p o r t s o r m em ora n d a fo r in fo rm a tio n o f s u p e r io r .

PAYROLL
ST E N O G R A PH E R ,

GENERAL

C om p u tes w a g es o f com p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te r s the n e c e s ­
s a r y data on the p a y r o ll sh e e ts . D uties in v o lv e : C a lcu la tin g w ork ers*
e a rn in g s b a s e d on tim e o r .p ro d u ctio n r e c o r d s ; postin g c a lc u la te d data
on p a y r o ll sh eet, show ing in fo rm a tio n su ch a s w o r k e r 's n a m e, w ork in g
d a ys, tim e , r a te , d ed u ction s fo r in s u r a n ce , and total w a g es d u e. M ay
m ake out p a y ch e ck s and a s s i s t p a y m a ster in m aking up and d i s ­
tributing pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u se a c a lcu la tin g m a ch in e .

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tion fr o m on e o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e ith er in sh orth an d o r by sten otyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in volvin g a
n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y , and to tr a n s c r ib e th is d icta tion on a ty p e­
w r it e r . M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten c o p y . M ay a ls o set up and k eep
f i l e 8 in o r d e r , k eep sim p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D oes not in clu d e tr a n ­
s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o rk (s e e tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r ).

COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR

ST E N O G R A PH E R ,

P r im a r y duty is to o p e r a te a C om p tom eter to p e r fo r m m a th e­
m a tic a l co m p u ta tio n s.
T h is jo b is not to be c o n fu s e d w ith that o f
s ta tis tica l o r oth er type o f c le r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e freq u en t u se o f
a C om p to m e te r but, in w hich , use o f th is m a ch in e is in cid en ta l to
p e r fo r m a n c e o f oth er d u tie s .

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tion fr o m on e o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
eith er in sh orth an d o r by sten otyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in volvin g a
v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o ca b u la r y su ch a s in le g a l b r ie fs o r
r e p o r t s on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h and to t r a n s c r ib e th is d icta tion on a
ty p e w r ite r .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten c o p y . M ay a ls o set up and
k eep file s in o r d e r , keep sim p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D oes n ot in clu d e
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o r k .

TE C H N IC A L

D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM E O G R A PH OR D IT T O )
SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R
U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n ­
s ib ilit ie s , r e p r o d u c e s m u ltip le c o p ie s o f ty p ew ritten o r h andw ritten
m a tte r, using a m im e o g ra p h o r ditto m a ch in e . M akes n e c e s s a r y a d ­
ju stm en t su ch a s fo r in k and paper fe e d cou n ter and c y lin d e r sp e e d .
Is not r e q u ir e d to p r e p a r e s te n c il o r d itto m a s t e r . M ay k eep file o f
u sed s t e n c ils o r ditto m a s t e r s . M ay s o r t, c o lla t e , and staple c o m ­
pleted m a te r ia l.




O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s itio n teleph on e sw itch b oa rd .
D uties in v olv e handling in co m in g , ou tgoin g, and in traplan t o r d ffic e
c a lls .
M ay r e c o r d to ll c a lls and take m e s s a g e s .
M ay g iv e in fo r ­
m a tion to p e r s o n s who c a ll in, o r o c c a s io n a lly take telep h on e o r d e r s .
F o r w o r k e r s who a ls o a c t a s r e c e p t io n is t s se e sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t .

19
TR A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E PTIO N IS T
tion
type
T h is
tim e

In ad dition to p e r fo r m in g d u ties o f o p e r a t o r , on a sin g le p o s i ­
o r m o n it o r -t y p e sw itch b o a rd , a c ts a s r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o
o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c le r i c a l w o rk as part o f re g u la r d u ties.
typing o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m ay take the m a jo r part o f th is w ork er*s
w hile at sw itch b o a rd .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes m a ch in e that a u to m a tica lly a n a ly zes and tra n sla te s
in fo rm a tio n punched in g rou p s o f tabulating c a r d s and prin ts tr a n s ­
la ted data on fo r m s o r a ccou n tin g r e c o r d s ; sets o r a d ju sts m a ch in e;
d oes sim p le w irin g o f p lu g b oa rd s a c c o r d in g to e sta b lis h e d p r a c tic e
o r d ia g r a m s ; p la c e s c a r d s to be tabulated in fe e d m a g a zin e and sta rts
m a ch in e. M ay file c a r d s a fter they a r e tabu lated. M ay, in a d d ition ,
o p e r a te a u x ilia ry m a ch in e s .

TRA N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

in clu d e d . A w o rk e r who takes d icta tion in shorthand o r by stenotype
or s im ila r m a ch in e is c la s s ifie d a s a ste n o g r a p h e r, g e n e r a l.
TY P IST
U ses a ty p e w rite r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia l o r to
m ake out b ills a fter c a lc u la tio n s have b een m ade by an oth er p e r s o n .
M ay do c l e r i c a l w ork in volvin g little s p e c ia l tra in in g , such a s k eep ­
ing s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s or sortin g and d is ­
tributing in com in g m a il.
C la s s A -----P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Typing
m a te r ia l in fin al fo r m fr o m v e r y rou g h and in v o lv e d d ra ft; c o p y ­
ing fr o m plain o r c o r r e c t e d c o p y in w hich th ere is a frequ en t
and v a r ie d use o f te c h n ic a l and unusual w o rd s o r fr o m fo r e ig n lan gu age c o p y ; com b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s , o r
planning layou t o f c o m p lic a te d s ta tis tic a l ta b les to m aintain uni­
fo r m it y and b a la n ce in sp a cin g ; typing ta b le s fr o m rou gh d raft in
fin al fo r m .
M ay type rou tin e fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to
suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .

GENERAL

P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d icta tion in v olv in g a n o rm a l
rou tin e v o ca b u la r y fr o m tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o
type fr o m w ritten c o p y and do sim p le c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o r k e r s tra n ­
s c r ib in g d icta tion in volvin g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o ca b u ­
la r y su ch a s le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e not

P r o fe s s i o n a l

D R A FTS M A N ,

JUNIOR

(A s sis ta n t d ra ftsm a n )
D raw s to s c a le units o r p a rts o f d raw in gs p r e p a r e d by d r a ft s ­
m an o r o th e r s fo r en g in e e rin g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m a n u factu rin g p u r­
p oses.
U ses v a r io u s ty p es o f draftin g to o ls a s r e q u ir e d . M ay p r e ­
pa re d raw in gs fr o m sim p le plans o r sk e tch e s , o r p e r fo r m oth er du ties
under d ir e c tio n o f a d ra fts m a n .
D R A FTS M A N ,

LEADER

P la n s and d ir e c t s a c tiv it ie s o f one o r m o r e d ra fts m e n in
p rep a ra tion o f w ork in g plans and detail d raw in gs fr o m rou gh o r p r e ­
lim in a r y sk e tch e s fo r en g in e e rin g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m an u factu rin g
p u r p o s e s . D uties in v o lv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : In terpretin g
b lu ep rin ts, sk e tch e s, and w ritten o r v e r b a l o r d e r s ; d eterm in in g w o rk
p r o c e d u r e s ; a s sig n in g d u ties to su b ord in a tes and in sp e c tin g th eir w ork ;
p e r fo rm in g m o r e d iffic u lt p r o b le m s . M ay a s s is t su b ord in a tes during




G E N E R A L -----Continued

C la s s B — P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Typing
fr o m r e la t iv e ly c le a r o r typ ed d r a fts ; rou tin e typing o f fo r m s ,
in su ra n ce p o lic ie s , e t c . , settin g up sim p le stan dard ta b u la tion s, o r
cop y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lre a d y set up and sp a ce d p r o p e r ly .

a nd

Technical

DRAFTSM AN,

L E A D E R -----C ontinued

e m e r g e n c ie s o r a s a r e g u la r a s sig n m e n t, o r p e r fo r m r e la te d duties
o f a s u p e r v is o r y o r a d m in istra tiv e n atu re.
DRAFTSM AN,

SENIOR

P r e p a r e s w ork in g plans and d eta il d raw in gs fr o m n otes,
rou gh o r d e ta ile d sk etch es fo r en g in e e rin g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m anu­
fa ctu rin g p u r p o s e s .
D uties in v o lv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g :
P r e p a r in g w ork in g plan s, d e ta il d ra w in g s, m a p s, c r o s s - s e c t i o n s , e t c . ,
to s c a le by use o f drafting in stru m e n ts; m aking en g in eerin g com p u ta ­
tion s su ch a s th ose in v o lv e d in stren gth o f m a te r ia ls , b e a m s and
t r u s s e s ; v e rify in g c o m p le te d w ork , ch eck in g d im e n s io n s , m a te r ia ls
to be u se d , and q u an tities; w ritin g s p e c ific a tio n s ; m aking ad ju stm en ts
o r ch a n g es in d ra w in gs o r s p e c ific a tio n s . M ay ink in lin e s and le t te r s
on p e n c il d ra w in g s, p re p a re d eta il units o f co m p le te d ra w in g s, o r
tr a c e d r a w in g s .
W ork is fre q u e n tly in a s p e c ia liz e d fie ld su ch as
a r c h it e c t u r a l, e le c t r ic a l, m e c h a n ica l, or stru ctu ra l d ra ftin g .

20

NURSE,

NURSE,

IN D U STRIA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

en v iron m en t, o r oth er a c tiv it ie s
sa fety o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.

A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e to i ll o r in ju re d
e m p lo y e e s o r oth er p e r s o n s who b e c o m e i ll o r su ffe r an a c c id e n t on
the p r e m is e s o f a fa c to r y o r oth er esta b lis h m e n t.
D uties in v o lv e a
com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : G iving f ir s t aid to the ill o r i n j u r e d
attending to su bsequ en t d r e s s in g o f em p loy ees* in ju r ie s ; keepin g r e c o r d s
o f patients trea ted ; p re p a rin g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s fo r co m p e n sa tio n o r
oth er p u rp o s e s ; con du ctin g p h y s ic a l ex a m in a tion s and h ealth ev a lu a tion s
o f a p p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s
in volvin g health ed u ca tion , a c c id e n t p rev en tion , evalu ation o f plant

Maintenance

IN D U STRIA L (R E G IS T E R E D )----- Continued
a ffe c tin g

the health,

w e lfa r e ,

and

TRACER
C o p ie s plans and dra w in gs p r e p a r e d by o th e r s , by placing
tra cin g c lo th o r paper o v e r draw in g and tra cin g with pen o r p e n c il.
U ses T -s q u a r e , c o m p a s s , and oth er draftin g t o o ls .
M ay p r e p a r e
sim p le d ra w in g s and do sim p le le tte r in g .

and

Powerplant

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN TE N AN C E

EN G IN EER ,

P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n try du ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and
m ain tain in g o o d r e p a ir bu ildin g w ood w ork and equ ipm ent su ch as b in s,
c r ib s , c o u n te r s , b e n c h e s , p a rtitio n s, d o o r s , flo o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s ,
and tr im m a de o f w ood in an esta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f
the fo llo w in g : P lanning and la yin g out o f w o rk fr o m b lu e p rin ts , d ra w ­
in gs] m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ; using a v a r ie ty o f ca rp e n te r* s
h a n d tools, p orta b le p ow er to o ls , and stan dard m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts ;
m aking stan dard shop com p u ta tion s re la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w ork ;
se le ctin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w o rk . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f
the m a in ten an ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rou n ded train in g and e x p e r ie n c e
u su ally a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ iv alen t tr a in ­
ing and e x p e r ie n c e .

O p era tes and m a in tain s and m ay a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e ra tio n
o f sta tio n a ry en gin es and equ ipm ent (m e c h a n ica l o r e le c t r ic a l) to su p­
ply the e sta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p ow er, heat, r e f r i g e r a ­
tion, o r a ir -c o n d itio n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s : O peratin g and m aintaining
eq u ipm en t such as stea m en g in e s, a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o ­
t o r s , tu r b in e s , ventilatin g and r e fr ig e r a tin g equ ipm ent, stea m b o ile r s
and b o i l e r - f e d w ater pu m ps; m aking equ ipm ent r e p a ir s ; keepin g a
r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a ch in e ry , te m p e ra tu re , and fu el c o n s u m p ­
tion . M ay a ls o s u p e r v is e th ese o p e r a tio n s . H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s
in e sta b lis h m e n ts em p loyin g m o r e than one en g in eer a r e e x c lu d e d .

E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M AIN TE N AN C E

P e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l tra d e fu n ction s su ch as the
in sta lla tio n , m a in ten a n ce, o r r e p a ir o f equ ipm ent fo r the g en era tin g ,
d istrib u tion , o r u tiliza tion o f e le c t r ic e n e rg y in an e sta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In stallin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f
a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l equ ipm ent su ch a s g e n e r a t o r s , tr a n s fo r m e r s ,
sw itch b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , heating units,
con du it s y s te m s , o r oth er tr a n s m is s io n equ ipm ent; w ork in g fr o m b lu e ­
p rin ts, d raw in gs, la you t, o r oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo ca tin g and d ia g ­
n osin g tro u b le in the e le c t r ic a l s y s te m o r equ ipm ent; w ork in g stan dard
com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to lo a d r e q u ire m e n ts o f w irin g o r e le c t r ic a l
equ ipm ent; using a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic ia n ’ s h an dtools and m e a su rin g
and testin g in stru m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce
e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n d ed train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c ­
q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u ivalen t train in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .




F IR E M A N ,

ST A T IO N A R Y

ST A TIO N A R Y B O ILE R

F ir e s sta tion a ry b o ile r s to fu rn ish the esta b lish m en t in w h ich
e m p lo y e d w ith heat, p o w e r, o r ste a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f ir e by hand
o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ica l s to k e r , g a s, o r o il b u r n e r ; ch e c k s w ater
and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M ay cle a n , o il, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m eq u ip m en t.
HELPER,

TRA D E S,

M AIN TE N AN C E

A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m ain ten an ce
tr a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific o r g e n e r a l du ties o f le s s e r s k ill, such
as keep in g a w o rk e r su p p lied w ith m a te r ia ls and to o ls ; clean in g w o rk ­
ing a r e a , m a ch in e, and equ ipm ent; a s s is tin g w o rk e r by h oldin g m a ­
te r ia ls o r to o ls ; p e r fo r m in g oth er u n sk illed ta sk s a s d ir e c te d by jo u r ­
n eym an . The kind o f w o rk the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s
fr o m tra d e to tra d e : In s o m e tr a d e s the h elp er is con fin ed to su p­
ply in g, liftin g , and h oldin g m a te r ia ls and to o ls and clea n in g w ork in g
a r e a s ; an d in o th e r s he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e
o p e r a t io n s , o r p a rts o f a trad e that a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s
on a f u ll-t im e b a s is .

21
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

T O O LR O O M

S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e r a tio n o f one o r m o r e types o f m a ch in e
t o o ls , su ch a s jig b o r e r s , c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , engine
la th es, o r m illin g m a ch in e s in the c o n s tr u c tio n o f m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls ,
g a u ges, jig s , fix tu r e s , o r d ie s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
P lann in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a tio n s ; p r o c e s s in g
ite m s r e q u irin g c o m p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ;
using a v a r ie ty o f p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts; s e le c tin g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s, to o lin g and o p e r a tio n se q u e n ce ; m aking n e c e s s a r y a d ju st­
m en ts du ring o p e r a tio n to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M ay be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e when to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , to d r e s s to o ls ,
and to s e le c t p r o p e r co o la n ts and cutting and lu b r ic a tin g o i l s .
F or
c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study p u rp o s e s , m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m ,
in to o l and die job b in g sh ops a r e e x clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .

M ACHIN IST,

M ECH A N IC,

M AIN TE N AN C E

R e p a ir s m a ch in e ry o r m e c h a n ica l equ ipm ent o f an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in ing m a ch in es
and m e c h a n ica l equ ipm ent to d ia g n ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; dism a n tlin g
o r p a rtly dism a n tlin g m a ch in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly
in v o lv e the use o f h an dtools in sc r a p in g and fittin g p a rts; re p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith ite m s obtain ed fr o m sto ck ; o r d e r in g the
p ro d u ctio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a rt by a m a ch in e shop o r sending o f
the m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p rep a rin g w ritten
s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p rod u ction o f parts o r d e r e d
fr o m m a ch in e sh op; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in e s ; and m aking a ll n e c e s s a r y
ad ju stm en ts fo r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m ain ten an ce
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n ded train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d
th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalen t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E x clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y du ties
in v o lv e setting up o r ad ju sting m a ch in e s .

M A IN TE N AN C E
M ILLW R IG H T

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m aking r e p a ir s
o f m eta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ica l equ ipm ent o p e r a te d in an e sta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten in s t r u c ­
tion s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; planning and la yin g out o f w ork ; using a v a ­
r ie ty o f m a c h in is t's h an d tools and p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts;
settin g up and op era tin g stan dard m a ch in e to o ls ; shaping o f m eta l
p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m aking stan dard shop com p u ta tion s r e la t ­
ing to d im e n s io n s o f w ork , toolin g , fe e d s and sp eed s o f m a ch in in g;
k n ow led ge o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the c o m m o n m e ta ls ; s e le ctin g
stan dard m a te r ia ls , p a rts, and equ ipm ent r e q u ir e d fo r h is w ork ; fittin g
and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into m e c h a n ica l eq u ip m en t.
In g e n e r a l, the
m a c h in is t's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed train in g in m a ch in e shop p r a c tic e u su ally a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
.equ ivalen t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

In sta lls new m a ch in e s o r h eavy equ ipm ent and d is m a n tle s and
in s t a lls m a ch in e s o r h eavy equ ipm ent w hen ch a n g es in the plant la y ­
ou t a r e r e q u ir e d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; P lann in g and
la y in g out o f the w ork ; in te rp re tin g b lu e p rin ts o r oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ;
u sin g a v a r ie ty o f h an dtools and r ig g in g ; m aking stan d ard shop c o m ­
pu tation s re la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren gth o f m a te r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f
g r a v ity ; alin ing and balan cin g o f equ ipm en t; s e le ctin g stan dard t o o ls ,
equ ipm en t, and p a rts to be u sed ; in sta llin g and m ain taining in g ood
o r d e r p ow er tr a n s m is s io n equ ipm en t su ch a s d r iv e s and sp eed r e ­
d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a roun ded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n ­
tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
O IL E R

M ECHANIC, A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN TE N A N C E )

R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f
an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; E xam in ing
a u tom otiv e equ ipm ent to d ia g n ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
equ ipm ent and p e r fo rm in g r e p a ir s that in v olv e the u se o f su ch handto o ls as w re n c h e s , g a u g es, d r ills , o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ipm ent in d i s ­
a s se m b lin g o r fittin g p a rts; r e p la c in g b ro k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m
sto ck ; grin d in g and ad ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in sta llin g the
v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts;
alin ing w h e e ls, ad ju stin g b r a k e s and lig h ts, o r tightening b od y b o lts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the a u tom otiv e m e ch a n ic r e q u ir e s roun ded
train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e ­
ship o r equ iv alen t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .




L u b r ic a te s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e , the m ov in g p a rts o r w ea rin g
s u r fa c e s o f m e c h a n ica l equ ipm en t o f an e sta b lis h m e n t.

P A IN T E R ,

M AIN TE N AN C E

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w ood w ork , and fix tu r e s o f an
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K n ow ledge o f s u r fa c e
p e c u lia r itie s and ty p es o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a tio n s ;
p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e fo r painting by re m o v in g o ld fin ish o r by p la cin g
putty o r fille r in n ail h o le s and in t e r s t ic e s ; applying paint w ith sp ra y
gun o r b ru sh .
M ay m ix c o l o r s , o ils , w hite le a d , and oth er paint
in g r e d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r
o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f the m a in ten an ce painter r e q u ir e s rou n ded train in g and e x ­
p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r e q u iv a ­
len t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

22
P IP E F IT T E R ,

S H E E T -M E T A L W O RK ER,

M AIN TE N AN C E

In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a ter, stea m , g a s, o r oth er ty p es o f pipe
and p ip efittin g s in an e sta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l ­
lo w in g : L ayin g out o f w o rk and m e a su rin g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f pipe
fr o m draw in gs o r oth er w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s
o f pipe to c o r r e c t len gth s w ith c h is e l and h a m m er o r o x y a ce ty le n e
t o r c h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a ch in e ; th readin g pipe w ith sto ck s and d ie s ;
bending pipe by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a ch in e s; a s se m b lin g
pipe w ith c ou p lin g s and fa sten in g pipe to h a n g e rs; m aking stan dard
shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f pipe r e ­
q u ire d ; m akin g stan dard te s ts to d e te rm in e w hether fin ish e d p ip es m e e t
s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce p ip e fitte r
r e q u ir e s rou n d ed train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d through a
fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u ivalen t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e rs
p r im a r ily en ga ged in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g building sa n ita tion o r
heating s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
PLUM BER,

M AIN TE N AN C E

K eep s the plum bing s y s te m o f an e sta b lis h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r .
W ork in v o lv e s : K now ledge o f sa n ita ry c o d e s re g a rd in g in sta lla tion o f
v en ts and tra p s in plum bing sy s te m ; in sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g p ip es and
fix tu r e s ; open in g c lo g g e d d ra in s w ith a plu n ger o r p lu m b e r 's sn ake.
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce p lu m b er r e q u ir e s rou n ded
train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e ­
ship o r eq u ivalen t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN TE N AN C E

F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in tain s in g o o d r e p a ir the sh e e tm e ta l equ ipm en t and fix tu r e s (su ch a s m a ch in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e pans,
s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, d u cts, m eta l r o o fin g )
o f an e sta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning

Custodial

ELEVATOR OPERATOR,

and

T r a n s p o r ts p a s s e n g e r s b etw een f lo o r s o f an o ffic e bu ildin g,
ap artm en t h ou se, d ep a rtm en t s t o r e , h o te l o r s im ila r e sta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k e r s who o p e r a te e le v a t o r s in con ju n ction w ith oth er d u ties such
a s th o se o f s t a r te r s and ja n ito r s a r e e x clu d e d .
G UARD
P e r fo r m s rou tin e p o lic e d u ties, e ith e r at fix e d p ost o r on
tou r, m ain taining o r d e r , using a r m s o r f o r c e w h ere n e c e s s a r y . In c lu d e s g a tem en w ho a r e sta tion ed at gate and c h e c k on iden tity o f
e m p lo y e e s and oth er p e r s o n s e n te r in g .




and layin g out a ll ty p es o f s h e e t-m e ta l m a in ten an ce w o rk fr o m b lu e ­
p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ; settin g up and op era tin g a il
a v a ila b le ty p es o f s h e e t-m e ta l-w o r k in g m a ch in e s; using a v a r ie ty o f
h a n d tools in cuttin g, ben din g, fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g, and a s s e m ­
b lin g ; in sta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f the m a in ten an ce s h e e t-m e ta l w o rk e r r e q u ir e s roun ded trainin g
and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
eq u iv a len t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e
T O O L AN D DIE M AK ER
(D ie m a k e r; jig

m a k e r; to o lm a k e r ;

fix tu re

m a k e r; gauge

m a k e r)

C o n stru cts and r e p a ir s m a ch in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a u g es, jig s , f i x ­
tu r e s o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s , punching and oth er m e t a l-fo r m in g w o rk .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lanning and layin g out o f w ork
f r o m m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts, d ra w in g s, o r oth er o r a l and w ritten s p e c ifi­
c a tio n s ; using a v a r ie ty o f to o l and d ie m a k e r 's han dtools and p r e c is io n
m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts , understan din g o f the w orkin g p r o p e r tie s o f
c o m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and op era tin g o f m a ch in e to o ls
and r e la te d equ ipm ent; m aking n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g
to d im en sion s o f w ork , s p e e d s , fe e d s , and toolin g o f m a ch in e s; h e a ttrea tin g o f m eta l p a rts du ring fa b r ic a tio n a s w ell a s o f fin ish e d to o ls
an d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; w orkin g to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w ­
a n c e s ; se le ctin g a p p ro p r ia te m a te r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s .
In
g e n e r a l, the to o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o rk r e q u ir e s a roun ded train in g
in m a ch in e -sh o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c tic e u su ally a c q u ir e d through a
fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalen t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , to o l and d ie m a k e rs
in to o l and die job b in g sh ops a r e e x clu d e d fr o m this c la s s ific a t io n .

M aterial

PASSE N G ER

M A IN T E N A N C E -----C ontinued

Movement

JA N IT O R ,

PORTER,

OR C L E A N E R

(S w eep er; ch a rw om a n ; ja n it r e s s )
C lean s and k eep s in an o r d e r ly con d ition fa c to r y w ork in g
a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o ffic e , a p artm en t h ou se,
o r c o m m e r c ia l o r oth er esta b lis h m e n t. D uties in v o lv e a com b in a tion
o f the fo llo w in g : Sw eeping, m op pin g o r scru b b in g , and polish in g f lo o r s ;
r e m o v in g ch ip s , tra s h , and oth er r e fu s e ; dusting equ ipm ent, fu rn itu re,
o r fix tu r e s ; p olish in g m eta l fix tu r e s o r tr im m in g s ; p rovid in g su p p lies
and m in o r m a in ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; clea n in g la v a to r ie s , sh o w e rs , and
r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e in w indow w ashing a r e e x clu d e d .

23

LA B O R E R ,

M A T E R IA L HANDLING

(L o a d e r and u n loa d er; h andler and s ta c k e r; s h e lv e r ; tr u c k e r ;
stock m an o r s to ck h e lp e r ; w areh ou sem an or w areh ou se h e lp e r )

SHIPPING AN D RE CEIV IN G C L E R K -----Continued
oth er r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r sh o rta g e s and r e je c tin g da m aged g o o d s;
routing m e r c h a n d is e o r m a te r ia ls to p r o p e r d ep a rtm en ts; m aintaining
n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .

A w o rk e r em p lo y e d in a w a reh ou se, m anu factu ring plant,
s to r e , o r oth er e sta b lish m en t w h ose duties in volve one or m o r e o f
the fo llo w in g : L oading and unloading v a r io u s m a te r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on or fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tru ck s , o r oth er tra n sp ortin g d e v ic e s ;
unpacking, sh elv in g, o r p la cin g m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d ise in p ro p e r
stora g e lo c a tio n ; tra n sp ortin g m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d ise by hand tru ck ,
c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L on g s h o re m e n , who loa d and unload sh ips a r e
ex clu d e d .

F o r w age study p u rp o s e s, w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d a s fo llo w s :
R e ce iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and "r e c e iv in g c le r k

TR U C K D R IV E R
O RDER F IL L E R
(O rd er p ic k e r ; s to ck s e le c t o r ; w a reh ou se stockm an )
F ills shipping o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin ish e d g ood s fr o m
sto r e d m e r c h a n d ise in a c c o r d a n c e with s p e c ific a tio n s on sa le s s lip s ,
cu stom ers* o r d e r s , o r oth er in s tru ctio n s . M ay, in ad dition to fillin g
o r d e r s and in dicatin g ite m s fille d o r om itted , keep r e c o r d s o f ou t­
going o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n ad dition a l stock , o r r e p o r t sh ort su p p lies
to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m oth er r e la te d d u ties.

PACKER,

D riv e s a tru ck w ithin a c ity o r in d u stria l a r e a to tra n sp o rt
m a te r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equ ipm ent, o r m en betw een v a r io u s types o f
e sta b lis h m e n ts su ch a s : M anufacturing plants, fr e ig h t d ep ots, w a r e ­
h o u s e s, w h o le sa le and r e ta il e sta b lis h m e n ts, o r b etw een r e ta il e s ta b ­
lish m en ts and c u s t o m e r s ' h ou ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M ay a ls o
loa d o r u nload tru ck with o r w ithout h e lp e r s , m ake m in or m e c h a n ica l
r e p a ir s , and keep tru ck in g ood w ork in g o r d e r . D r iv e r -s a le s m e n and
o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s a r e ex clu d e d .
F or w age study p u rp o s e s , tr u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s ifie d b y s iz e
and type o f equipm ent, as fo llo w s :
(T r a c t o r -t r a ile r sh ou ld be ra ted
on the b a s is o f tr a ile r c a p a c it y .)

SHIPPING

P r e p a r e s fin ish e d p rod u cts fo r sh ipm ent o r sto ra g e by placing
them in shipping c o n ta in e rs , the s p e c ific o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d being
dependent upon the type, s iz e , and n um ber o f units to be p acked, the
type o f con ta in er em p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ipm en t. W ork r e q u ir e s
the pla cin g o f ite m s in shipping co n ta in e rs and m ay in v olv e one or
m o r e o f the fo llo w in g ; K now ledge o f v a r io u s ite m s o f sto ck in o r d e r
to v e r ify content; s e le c t io n o f a p p ro p ria te type and s iz e o f con ta in er;
in sertin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r; using e x c e ls io r o r oth er m a te r ia l to
p reven t brea k a ge o r d a m age; c lo s in g and sea lin g co n ta in e r; applying
la b e ls o r en terin g id en tifyin g data on c o n ta in e r.
P a c k e r s who a ls o
m ake w ooden b o x e s o r c r a te s a r e e x clu d e d .

T r u c k d riv e r (com b in a tion o f s iz e s lis te d se p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , ligh t (under IV 2 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (IV 2 to and in cluding 4 ton s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 ton s, tr a ile r type)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 ton s, oth er than tr a ile r type)
TRUCKER,

O p era tes a m anu ally c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d
tru ck o r tr a c to r to tra n sp o rt g o o d s and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about
a w a r e h o u se , m anu factu ring plant, o r oth er esta b lish m en t.

SHIPPING AND RE CEIV IN G C L E R K
tru ck ,
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e fo r shipm ent, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e ­
sp on sib le fo r in com in g sh ipm ents o f m e r c h a n d ise o r oth er m a te r ia ls .
Shipping w o rk in v o lv e s ; A kn ow ledge o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c ­
t i c e s ^ r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m ea n s o f tra n sp orta tion and r a te s ; and p r e ­
parin g r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s shipped, m aking up b ills o f ladin g, p o s t­
ing w eigh t and shipping c h a r g e s , and keeping a file o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p rep a rin g the m e r c h a n d ise fo r sh ipm ent.
R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s : V e rify in g o r d ir e c tin g others in v e rify in g
the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ipm en ts ag a in st b ills o f la din g, in v o ic e s , o r




PO W ER

F or w age study p u rp o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by type o f
a s fo llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

pow er (fo r k lift)
pow er (oth er than fo r k lift)

W ATCH M A N
M akes rou n ds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p ro te ctin g p r o p e rty
ag ain st f i r e , th eft, and ille g a l e n try .
☆ U. S. GO-1
-----

MENT PRINTING O FFICE: 1958 O -48724 3




Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 20 major labor markets during late 1958 and early 1959* These bulletins, numbered
1240-1 through 1240-20* when available, may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D. C .,
or from any of the regional sales offices shown*
A summary bulletin (1240-21) containing data for all labor markets, combined with additional analysis will be issued early in I960.








Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102