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Occupational Wage Survey

BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS
SEPTEMBER

Bulletin No.

S7

1 2 2 4 -2

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



1 9

BUREAU OF LABOR ST T IC
A IST S
Ewan Clagua, Com isaonar
m




Occupational Wage Survey
BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS




SEPTEMBER 1957

B u lle tin N o. 1 2 2 4 -2
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagua, Commissioner
December 195"

F sale by the Superintendent of Docum
or
ents, U.S. Government P
rinting Office, Washington 25, D.C. - Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Community Wage Survey P rogram
The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers.
The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits.
A prelim inary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the earlier report.
A consolidated analytical
bulletin summ arizing the results of all of the y e a r fs surveys
is issued after completion of the final area bulletin for the
current round of surveys.




Introduction _____________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups ____________________

1
4

Tables:
1.
2.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey _______
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percent of increase for selected periods ______________

A:

Occupational earnings * A - 1: Office occupations ______________________________________
A -2 : P rofessional and technical occupations ________________
A -3 : Maintenance and powerplant occu pation s______________
A -4 : Custodial and m aterial-m ovem ent occu pation s_______

5
8
9
10

Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions * B - l : Shift differential provisions _____________________________
B -2 : Minimum entrance rates for women office w o rk ers__
B -3 : Scheduled weekly hours _________________________________
B -4 : Overtim e pay practices _________________________________
B -5 : Wage structure c h a r a c te r istic s ________________________
B -6 : Paid holidays _____________________________________________
B -7 : Paid vacations ____________________________________________
B -8 : Health, insurance, and pension plans _________________

13
14
15
15
16
17
19
21

B:

Appendix:

Job descriptions ___________________________________________

* NOTE: Sim ilar tabulations for m ost of these items are availa­
ble in the Boston area reports for March 1951, April 1952,
March 1953, M arch 1954, April 1955, and September 1956.
P rior to the present report, data on wage structure charac­
te ristics, labor-m anagem ent agreem ents, and overtime pay pro­
visions were last shown in the 1954 summary report (BLS
Bull. 115 7 -3 ).
The 1955 report included data on frequency of
wage payments, and pay provisions for holidays falling on non­
workdays not included in other reports.
A directory indicating
date of study and the price of the reports, as well as reports
for other major a reas, is available upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and supplementary
wage practices in the Boston area are also available for fa b ri­
cated structural steel (March 1957); women’ s cem en t-process
shoes - conventional-lasted (April 1957); women’ s and m is s e s '
coats and suits (February 1957); and a machinery industries
report will be available in early 1958.
Union sca le s, indica­
tive of prevailing pay le v e ls, are available for the following
trades or industries:
Building construction, printing, lo c a ltransit operating em ployees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

2

4

22




Occupational W age Survey - Boston, Mass.*
Introduction

The Boston area is one of several important industrial cen­
ters in which the Department of Labor* s Bureau of Labor Statistics
has conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related wage bene­
fits on an areawide b a sis.
In each area, data are obtained by per­
sonal visits of Bureau field agents to representative establishments
within six broad industry divisions:
Manufacturing; transportation
(excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities; whole­
sale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and se r v ­
ic e s.
M ajor industry groups excluded from these studies, besides
railroads, are government operations and the construction and ex­
tractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed
number of workers are omitted also because they furnish insufficient
employment in the occupations studied to warrant in clu sion .1 W her­
ever possible, separate tabulations are provided for each of the broad
industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishm ents. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of sm all establishments is studied.
In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estim ates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as r e ­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational c la s­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job (see appendix for listing of these descriptions). Earnings data are
presented (in the A -s e r ie s tables) for the following *ypes of occupa­
tions: (a) Office clerica l; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and m aterial movement.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w orkers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but c o s t-o fliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
* This report was prepared in the Bureau's regional office in
Boston, M a s s ., by Leo Epstein, under the direction of Paul V. Mulkern,
Regional Wage and Industrial Relations Analyst.
1 See table on page 2 for m in im um -size establishment covered.




to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-tim e salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishm ents, the estim ates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only'to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not m aterially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.
Establishment P ractices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented also (in the B -s e r ie s tables) on s e ­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they r e ­
late to office and plant w orkers.
The term "office w o r k e r s ," as
used in this bulletin, includes all office clerical employees and ex­
cludes administrative, executive, professional, and technical personnel.
"P lant w o rk ers" include working foremen and all nonsupervisory work­
ers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Adm inistrative, executive, professional, and technical em ployees, and
force-account construction employees who are utilized as a separate
work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are ex­
cluded in manufacturing industries, but are included as plant workers
in n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s .

Shift differential data (table B - l ) are lim ited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in term s of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 2 presented in term s of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a m ajority was used o r, if no amount applied to a m ajority, the c la s­
sification "o th e r " was used.
In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance rates (table B -2) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited.
They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment b a sis. Overtime pay practices; paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are treated
statistically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office
2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had form al provisions covering late shifts.

2

workers if a m ajority of such workers are eligible or may eventually
qualify for the practices listed .
Scheduled hours, wage structure
ch aracteristics, and labor-m anagem ent agreements are treated sta­
tistically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office
workers if a m ajority are c o v e r e d .3 Because of rounding, sums of
individual items in these tabulations do not necessarily equal totals.
The first part of the paid holidays table presents the num­
ber of whole and half holidays actually provided.
The second part
combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e.
The
third section presents a list of the paid holidays and the proportions
of workers to whom they are granted annually.
The sum m ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arrange­
m en ts, excluding inform al plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the em ployer.
Separate estim ates are provided
according to employer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time paym ents, percent of annual earnings, or fla t-su m amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis were converted; for exam ple, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week* s pay.
Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmen1s compensation
and social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com ­
m ercial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or

paid directly by the employer out of current operating funds or from
a fund set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a
form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is lim ited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
em ployer contributes.
However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,4 plans are included only if the employer (l) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are lim ited to form al plan s5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w orker's pay during absence from work
because of illn e ss.
Separate tabulations are provided according to
(l) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period.
In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.

4 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
5 An establishment was considered as having a form al plan if
3
Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (first section of established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
it
could be expected by each em ployee. Such a plan need not be written,
table B -3 ) were presented in earlier years in term s of the propor­
but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual b a sis,
tion of women office workers employed in offices with the indicated
were excluded.
weekly hours for women w orkers.
Table 1;

E stablishm ents and w ork ers within scope ol survey and number studied in B oston, M a s s ., 1 by m ajor industry division, September 1957

Industry division

A ll d ivisions ____

Number of establishm ents
Within
scope of
study 2

W orkers in establishm ents
Within scope of study

11
0
-

11
0
51
11
0
51
51

T o t a l3

Office

249

41 4, 700

86, 300

458
775

84
165

212, 100
202, 600

26, 600

51
213
132
177
02

2
1
42
33
34
35

3 3 ,8 0 0
25, 100
67, 700
4 7 ,3 0 0
28, 700

, 600
7 ,9 0 0
7 ,5 0 0
32, 500
5 ,2 0 0

2

Studied

Studied

1, 233

__________________

M an u factu rin g_________ _________ _ _
_
Nonmanufacturing
Transportation (excluding r ailroad s), com m unication,
and other public u tilitie s4 _________________________________
W holesale trade
... _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Retail trade __ _
_ .
... _
Finance, insurance, and real estate
S ervices 6
....
_ ______

1

M inimum
em ployment
in estab lish ­
ments in scope
of study

59, 700

Plant

Total 3

2 4 9 .2 0 0

2 1 9 ,4 8 0

1 4 9 ,1 0 0
, 100

1 0 4 ,2 9 0
115, 190

2 0 ,7 0 0
9 ,2 0 0
5 4 ,4 0 0
1 ,3 0 0
14, 500

2 7 ,7 8 0
7, 630
41 , 810
2 7 ,6 3 0
10, 340

100

6

5

The Boston M etropolitan A rea (Suffolk County, 14 com m unities in E sse x County,
28 in M id d lesex County, 17 in Norfolk County, and 2 in Plymouth County).The "w o r k e r s within scope of
study"
estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and
com position of the labor force included in this su rvey.
The estim ates are
not intended, how ever, to serve as a
b a sis of com parison with other area em ploym ent indexes to m easure em ployment trends or le v els since ( l) planning
of wage surveys req u ires the use of establishm ent data com piled considerably in ad­
vance of the pay period studied, and (2) sm all establish m en ts are excluded from the scope of the survey.
Includes all estab lish m en ts with total em ployment at or above the m in im u m -siz e lim itation.
A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair s e r v ic e ,
and m otion -picture theaters are considered as 1 establish m en t.
Includes executive, techn ical, p r ofession al, and other w ork ers excluded from the separate office and plant cate g o ries.
A lso excludes taxicab s, and se r v ic e s incidental to w ater transportation.
Boston«s transit system is m unicipally operated and, th e re fore, excluded by definition fro m the scope of the stu d ies.
E stim ate relates to real estate establishm ents only.
H otels; personal se r v ic e s; b u sin ess se r v ic e s; autom obile repair shops; radio broadcasting and television ; motion p ictures; nonprofit m em bersh ip organizations; and engineering and architectural s e r v ic e s .

2
3
4
5
6




3
Catastrophe insurance, som etim es referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors1 fe e s. Such plans m aybe underwritten by com m er­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-in su red .
Tabulations of retirem ent pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
w o rk er's life.
With reference to wage structure ch aracteristics, proportions
of time and incentive workers directly reflect employment under each




pay system . However, because of technical considerations, all tim e­
rated workers (plant or office) in an establishment were classified to
the predominant type of rate structure applying to these w orkers.
Incentive-worker employment was classified according to the pre­
dominant type of incentive plan in each establishment.
Graduated provisions for premium overtime pay were c la s s i­
fied to the first effective premium rate.
For exam ple, a plan calling
for time and one-half after 8 and double time after 10 hours a day
was tabulated as time and one-half after 8 hours.
Sim ilarly, a plan
calling for no pay or pay at regular rate after 'll1* hours (regular
/
weekly schedule) and time and one-half after 40 was considered as
time and one-half after 40 hours.

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
The table below presen ts indexes of sa la ries of o ffice c le r ic a l
w ork ers and industrial n u rs e s, and of average earnings of selected
plant w ork er groups.
F or office c le r ic a l w ork ers and industrial n u rses, the indexes
relate to average w eekly sa la ries fo r n orm al hours o f w ork , that is ,
the standard w ork schedule fo r which stra igh t-tim e sa la ries are paid.
F or plant w orker groups, they m easu re changes in stra igh t-tim e hourly
earnings, excluding prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eek ­
ends, h olidays, and late sh ifts.
The indexes are based on data fo r
selected key occupations and include m ost of the n u m erica lly im ­
portant jobs within each group.
The o ffice c le r ic a l data are based
on wom en in the follow ing 18 jo b s : B ille r s , m achine (billing m a ­
chine); bookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs, cla ss A and B; C om ptom eter
op era tors; c le r k s , file , cla ss A and B; c le r k s , o rd e r; c le r k s , pay^
ro ll; key-punch op e ra to rs; o ffice g irls ; se c r e ta r ie s ; sten ogra p h ers,
general; sw itchboard op era tors; sw itchboard o p e r a to r-re ce p tio n ists ;
tabula ting-m achine op e ra to rs; tra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e ra to rs, gen­
era l; and typists, cla ss A and B. The industrial nurse data are based
on wom en industrial n u rses. Men in the follow ing 10 sk illed m ainte­
nance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs w ere included in the plant w ork er
data: Skilled— carpen ters; e le ctricia n s ; m ach in ists; m ech a n ics; m e ­
ch anics, autom otive; m illw righ ts; pain ters; p ip efitters; sh eet-m eta l
w ork ers; and tool and die m a k ers; u nskilled — ja n ito rs, p o r te r s , and
clea n ers; la b o r e r s , m a teria l handling; and watchm en.
A verage w eekly sa la ries o r average hourly earnings w ere
computed fo r each of the selected occu pation s. The average sa la ries
o r hourly earnings w ere then m ultiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 em ploym ent in the jo b .
These weighted earnings fo r individual




Table 2:

occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an aggregate fo r each occu p a ­
tional group. F in ally, the ratio of these group aggregates fo r a given
year to the aggregate fo r the base p eriod (su rvey month, w inter 1952-53)
was com puted and the resu lt m ultiplied by the base year index (100) to
get the index fo r the given yea r.
The indexes m ea su re, p rin cip a lly , the effects of (l ) general
sa la ry and wage changes; (2) m e rit o r other in crea ses in pay re ce iv e d
by individual w ork ers w hile in the sam e job ; and (3) changes in the
labor fo r c e such as la bor tu rn over, fo r c e expansions, fo r c e re d u c­
tions, and changes in the p rop ortion of w ork ers em ployed by estab­
lishm ents with differen t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the labor fo r c e can
cause in cre a se s o r d ecre a se s in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. F o r exam ple, a fo r c e expansion m ight in crea se
the p rop ortion o f low er paid w ork ers in a s p e cific occupation and r e ­
sult in a drop in the a v era g e, w hereas a reduction in the p rop ortion
of low er paid w ork ers would have the opposite e ffe ct. The m ovem ent
of a high-paying establishm ent out of an area could cause the average
earnings to d rop, even though no change in rates o ccu rre d in other
area establishm ents.
The use of constant em ploym ent weights elim inates the effects
of changes in the p rop ortion Of w ork ers rep resen ted in each job in­
cluded in the data.
N or are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard w ork schedules or in prem ium pay fo r o v e rtim e , sin ce they
a re based on pay fo r straigh t-tim e h ou rs.
Indexes fo r the p eriod 1953 to 1957 fo r w ork ers in 14 m a jor
labor m arkets appeared in BLS Bull. 1202, Wages and Related B enefits,
17 L abor M arkets, 1956-57.

Indexes of standard w eekly sa la r ie s and stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in B oston, M a s s .,
September 1957 and September 1956, and percent of in crease for selected periods
Indexe s
(M arch 1953 = 100)

Industry and occupational group

P ercent in crea ses from —
September 1956
to
September 1957

A p ril 1955
to
September 1956

M arch 1954
to
A p ril 1955

M arch 1953
to
M arch 1954

A p ril 1952
to
M arch 1953

September 1957

September 1956

A ll industries:
Office c le r ic a l (women)
Industrial n urses (women) ____________ ______
Skilled maintenance (men)
_
_
Unskilled plant ( m e n ) _________________________

1 2 3 .8
1 2 3 .4
12 2.5
119.7

1 1 7 .0
11 7 .7
1 1 6 .4
1 1 4 .4

5 .7
4. 8
5 .2
4 .7

.0
9 .0
.5
.3

8
8
6

2 .9
1. 5
1 .9
2 .4

5 .2
.5
5. 3
5. 1

4. 3
4 .2
4 .9
4 .2

Manufacturing:
Office c le r ic a l (women)
Industrial nurses (women)
Skilled maintenance (men)
U nskilled plant (men) _

.................

121.6
1 2 2 .4
12 3 .5
11 9 .4

11 4 .6
1 1 7 .6
117. 1
1 1 4 .2

6

... . _ .

. 1
4. 1
5 .4
4 .6

7 .3
8 .9
8 .9
5. 0

2 .3
.7
1 .9
3. 1

4 .4
7 .2
5. 6
5. 5

5. 5
4 .2
4 .7
3 .5

_

6

A

O ccu p a tio n a l Earnings

5

Table A -l: O ffice O ccu p a tion s
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b a sis
in B oston, M a s s ., by industry division, September 1957)
Average
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

$
$
W
eekly.
W
eekly . 30. 00 35. 00
hours
earnings 1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
35. 00 4 0 . 00

$
40 . 00

$
4 5 . 00

$
50. 00

$
55. 00

$
60. 00

$
65 . 00

$
70. 00

$
7 5 .0 0

$
80 . 00

$
$
$
$
85 . 00 9 0 . 00 95 .0 0 100.00

$
105.00

4 5 . 00

50. 00

55. 00

60 . 00

65. 00

7 0 .0 0

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90 . 00

110.00 115.00

48
3
45
24
11

59
4
55
4
16
23

40
1
39
_
18
11

83
22
61
6
22
22

43
10
33
_
19
9

28
14
14
4
6
-

42
17
25
16
4
-

25
10
15
4
11
-

41
40
1
_

9 5 . 00 100.00 105.00

$
110.00

$
115.00
and
over

Men
C le r k s, accounting, c la ss A ___
Manufacturing -------------------------N on m anufacturing_____________
Public u tilities t ___________
W h olesale t r a d e -----------------Finance tt ______________

469
132
337
38
145
84

38. 0
38. 5
38. 0
3 7 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .0

$
83. 50
91 . 50
80. 00
9 0 . 50
83. 50
7 1 .0 0

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss B ____
Manufacturing _________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________
W h olesale t r a d e -----------------Finance tt ______________

402
86
316
132
82

3 8 .0
37. 5
3 8 .0
39. 0
37. 5

62. 00
6 3 .0 0
6 1 .5 0
69. 50
54. 00

518
74
444
426

39. 5
38. 5
39. 5
3 9 .5

8 0 .0 0
79. 50
80. 00
80. 50

C le r k s, ord er -------------------------------Manufacturing _________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________
W holesale t r a d e ____________

-

C le r k s, payroll ___________________

-

-

9
9
_
8

-

15
8
7
_
3
-

5

45
7
38
22
_
_
-

87
16
71
8
31

68
14
54
26
20

76
8
68
52
5

36
7
29
7
1

38
15
23
15
2

20
16
4
1
-

6
2
4
3
-

4
_
4
4
-

2
1
1
1
-

.
_
_
.
-

6
_
6
6
-

2
_
2
2
-

-

7
_
7
7
-

2
2
-

24
2
22
20

51
9
42
38

50
17
33
32

72
11
61
61

71
7
64
60

69
3
66
62

38
8
30
30

52
1
51
51

41
4
37
37

17
4
13
13

5
4
1
1

7
7
7

2

5

2

8

6

4

15

1

29

1

18
4
14
14
_

2

6

357
78
279
16
33
110
109

308
103
205
36
35
101
28

87
18
69
4
10
35
12

39
21
18
_
2
6
7

18
7
11
_
6
2
2

12
2
10
_
2
8

13
3
10
10
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

11
1
10
_
10
-

_
_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
_
3
■

8
_
8
6

37
3
34
30

54
18
36
26

60
35
25
14

50
34
16
9

118
85
33
18

61
23
38
5

53
35
18
6

25
15
10

4
2
2
■

5
2
3
■

3
3
-

_
-

3
3

■

23
2
21
14

~

“

23
12
11
11

50
30
20
11

93
39
54
15

49
38
11
11

23
6
17
16

23
18
5
5

2
1
1
1

29
_
29
29

15
15
15

5
5
5

_

-

-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

1
_

_
_
_
-

14
7
7
_
2
1
_
_

81

38. 5

83. 50

859
240
619
56
108
264
159

3 8 .0
38. 5
3 8 .0
39. 0
39. 0
3 7. 0
3 9 .5

47.
47 .
47.
45 .
53.
47 .
44 .

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a t o r s __
Manufacturing _________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________
Finance t t __________________

507
257
2 50
128

38.
39.
3 7.
3 7.

5
0
5
0

7 1 .0 0
72. 00
69. 50
65. 00

_
_

B ille r s , machine (billing m a c h in e )______
Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________
W holesale trade _____________________

323
145
178
119

38.
38.
38.
39.

0
0
5
0

6 1 .5 0
59. 00
64. 00
69. 50

.
-

B ille r s , machine (bookkeeping machine)
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------Retail trade -------------------------------------

331.
288
215

38. 0
38. 0
38. 0

52. 00
50. 00
49 . 00

50
50
50
00
00
00
50

-

-

Office boys ____________
Manufacturing _____
Nonmanufacturing .
Public u tilitie st
W holesale trade
Finance t t ______
S e r v i c e s ________

-

1
1
-

-

-

5
_
1
1

_
-

13
2
11
_
6
_
_

22
1
21
4
16
-

'

-

Women

.

33 7
107
230
157

3 8 .0
38. 5
3 7. 5
36. 5

63.
70.
60.
59.

Bookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss B
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________
W holesale t r a d e _______________________
Retail trade ___________________________
Finance tt ______________________

.. 1.6 41
395
1 ,2 4 6
316
242
656

38. 0
39. 0
3 8 .0
39. 0
38. 5
37. 0

55. 50
6 1 .0 0
5 4 .0 0
62. 50
5 2 .0 0
5 1 .0 0

00
00
00
00

-

_
_

37
37
37

96
96
72

85
85
72

66
51
21

15
15
11

10
2
"

20
.

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

-

-

"

-

_
_

_
_
-

83
15
68
60

72
7
65
47

64
15
49
23

14
12
2
2

7
7
_

-

32
4
28
17

54
44
10

-

9
1
8
8

-

-

173
_
173

-

-

301
26
275
12
53
199

297
48
249
48
16
184

331
74
257
78
50
122

2 82
115
167
66
57
43

146
78
68
57
5
5

58
41
17
15
1

17
10
7
7

"

Bookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss A
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing
— .---------------------Finance tt -------------------------------

-

11
1
10
-

'

See footnote at end of table.
Transportation (excluding r ailroad s), com m unication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.

t




_
_

-

60
103

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

“

■

"

*

”

2
2
-

-

-

.
-

-

.
-

.
-

-

-

"

14
3
11
11

20
20
20

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

Occupational Wage Survey, Boston, M a s s ., September 1957
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

6

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in Boston, M a s s . , by industry division, September 1957)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
W
eekly
30. 00
earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
35. 00
W
eeklyj

$
35. 00

$
4 0 . 00

$
4 5 . 00

$
50. 00

$
55. 00

$
$
60. 00 65. 00

$
$
70. 00 75. 00

4 0 . 00

4 5 . 00

50. 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

215
67
148
5
19
27
96
1

29 7
114
183
15
27
52
77
12

134
10
21
33
63
7

124
34
90
10
3
5
34
38

75
39
36
>
17
2
4
13

80. 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
85. 00 9 0 .0 0 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00
and
85. 00 90. 00 95 . 00 100. 00 105.00 110.00 115.00

$

80. 00

Women - Continued
C le r k s, accounting, c la ss A
Manufacturing ___________________________
____________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Public u tilit ie s ! ____________________________________
W holesale t r a d e _____________________________________
Retail trade __________________________________________
F in a n c e tt ____________________________________________
S ervices ______________________________________________

1 ,3 3 3
501
832
47
120
163
396
106

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
37. 5
3 9 .0
38. 0
37. 5
3 7. 0
36. 5

68. 50
70. 50
67. 50
7 1 .0 0
75. 50
6 4 .0 0
65. 00
71. 50

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss B ______________ ________________
Manufacturing __________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Public utilities t ____________________________________
W holesale trade _____________________________________
Retail trade __________________________________________
F in a n c e tt ____________________________________________
S ervices ______________________________________________

2. 088
465
1 ,6 2 3
241
249
385
599
149

38. 0
38. 5
38. 0
39. 0
3 9 .0
38. 0
37. 0
38. 0

56. 50
60. 50
55. 50
62. 00
59. 00
51. 50
5 2 .0 0
60. 00

C le r k s, file , c la ss A ______________________________________
Manufacturing ______________________________ _____ _______
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Finance 1 1 --------------------- .—=
•
----------------- t------- - -------------

423
141
282
214

38.
39.
38.
37.

0
0
0
5

58.
59.
58.
55.

50
50
00
00

C le r k s, file , c la ss B ______________________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
____________________________________
Public utilities t ____________________________________
W holesale trade _____________________________________
Retail trade __ _____________________________________
Finance t t ____________________________________________
S ervices _ ____________________________________________

2. 090
333
1, 757
60
201
168
1, 169
159

38. 5
39. 0
38. 0
3 9 .5
38. 5
38. 5
38. 0
38. 5

47.
50.
46 .
48 .
49 .
44.
45 .
48.

00
50
00
50
50
50
50
50

C le r k s, order ________________ ____ ______________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
W h olesale t r a d e _____________________________________
Retail trade __________________________________________

54 7
2 64
283
153
105

39.
39.
39.
39.
38.

0
0
0
5
5

58.
58.
58.
63.
48.

50
50
00
50
00

C le r k s, payroll ______________________________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Public utilities t ____________________________________
W holesale trade _____________________________________
R etail trade _________________________________________
F in a n c e !! ____________________________________________
S ervices ______________________________________________

977
542
435
84
52
134
64
101

39.
39.
38.
38.
39.
38.
3 7.
38.

0
5
0
0
0
0
5
5

63. 00
62. 00
63. 50
66. 00
74. 50
57. 50
6 0 .5 0
65. 50

C om ptom eter op erators ----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________________ _
W h olesale t r a d e _____________________________________
R etail trade __________________________________________
Finance t t ____________________________________________

1 .1 9 6
265
931
237
534
102

38. 5
3 9 .0
38. 0
39. 0
38. 0
37. 5

57. 50
63. 50
56. 00
6 1 .5 0
5 4 .0 0
5 1 .5 0

.
_
_
_
_

_
_
-

-

-

19
3
16
2
8
6

-

201
77
124
4
3
24
75
18

5
_
5
_
5
-

127
11
116
4
5
58
42
7

431
59
3 72
49
18
97
196
12

498
98
400
23
71
85
182
39

376
88
288
15
38
80
120
35

2 70
56
214
48
62
49
49
6

148
72
76
23
19
5
9
20

75
22
53
26
18
1
1
7

104
25
79
53
11
1
_
14

28
20
8
2
4
2

18
13
5
4
_
_
1

1
6

16
16
15

68
10
58
57

94
37
57
52

103
34
69
53

57
38
19
12

31
7
24
13

11
2
9
3

22
7
15
2

13
5
8
7

1
1
-

5
5

~

“

2
2
“

49
_
_
21
28
-

824
83
741
20
42
58
587
34

719
111
608
24
51
36
435
62

289
51
238
6
75
19
83
55

106
33
73
3
23
7
34
6

53
37
16
6
5
4
1
-

16
11
5
1
2
_
2

12
6
6
1
3
1
1
~

1
1
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

1
1
1
_
_

_

_
_
_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
_
2

30
2
28
28

73
25
48
8
40

110
63
47
32
15

132
63
69
39
18

73
28
45
37
2

57
51
6
6

39
32
7
6

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
.
-

.

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

10
3
7
-

49
29
20
_
_
12
8
-

156
87
69
18
4
36
10
1

218
142
76
15
6
15
12
28

175
86
89
4
7
30
21
27

123
61
62
10
4
27
4
17

118
63
55
19
17
3
3
13

60
43
17
6
3
1
2
5

25
14
11
4

10
6
4
1

3
1
2

4
1
3

4
1
3

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
5
15
7
2

_

-

_

2

3

_

3

-

2
3
2

1
_

1
5

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

135
3
132
6
83
36

278
38
240
56
140
30

265
45
220
69
129
12

229
80
149
45
83
11

131
64
67
20
28
3

40
11
29
16
13

13
5
8
4
3

15
5
10
10
-

13
7
6
6
-

10
7
3
3
-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

"

“

20
20
20
_
_
_
_

_

49

1
_
1

2
2
2
-

7

.
-

-

-

2

6

57

2
2

6

57
47
10

See footnote at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding r ailroad s), com m unication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




.
_

-

6

86
27
59
3
10
46

196
62

57
42

15
2
12
_
_
1

10
------- ~ T
7
_
_
1
6
8
1
7

-

26
26
20

5
5
5

3
3
1
_

27
20
7
_
5
_
_
2

3
1
2
_
2
.
_
-

-

_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

“

”

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

2
_
-

_

_

_

15
12
3
_
3

_

_

3
_
3
3

_
_
-

_
_
_

_

1

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

7

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in B oston, M a s s ., by industry division, September 1957)
Average
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

W
eekly,
W
eekly .
hours 1 earn gs
in
(Standard) (Standard)

$
30.

90

under
35. 00

$
35. 00
“
40 . 00

“
4 5 . 00

$
45. 00
_
50. 00

$
4 0 . 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90 . 00 95. 00 100.00
_
_
~
■
“
“
“
55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 •70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00

$
$
$
105.00 110.00 115.00
and
“
110.00 115.00
over

W omen - Continued
Duplicating-m achine operators (m im eograph
or ditto) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------------

125
83

3 8 .5
38. 5

$
53. 50
5 3 .0 0

Key-punch operators ----------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------Public utilities f ---------------------------------------------------------W holesale trade --------------------------------------------------------Retail trade --------------------------------------------------------------Finance f f ---------------------------------------------------------------------

1 .2 81
505
776
92
102
111
433

3 8 .5
39. 0
3 8 .0
39. 5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
37. 5

57. 50
59. 50
5 6 .0 0
62. 00
63. 50
53. 00
53. 50

Office g i r l s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------R etail trade --------------------------------------------------------------Finance f f ------------------------------------------------------------------

522
102
420
57
295

38. 0
3 9 .0
3 7. 5
38. 5
3 7. 0

47 . 50
56. 00
45. 00
4 4 .0 0
45 . 50

Secretaries --------------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------Public utilities f -------------------------------------------------------W h olesale trade -------------------------------------------------------Retail trade ----------------------------------------------------------------Finance f f ------------------------------------------------------------------Services ----------------------------------------------------------------------

5 .0 0 2
1, 702
3, 300
265
510
294
1 ,4 5 3
778

37.
38.
37.
38.
39.
37.
37.
37.

5
5
5
5
0
5
0
0

71.
74.
70.
85.
74.
69.
68.
66.

Stenographers, general -----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------Public utilities f ------------------------------------------------------W holesale trade -------------------------------------------------------R etail trade --------------------------------------------------------------Finance f f ------------------------------------------------------------------Services --------------------------------------------------------------- ;------

3 .4 3 0
1, 311
2 ,1 1 9
189
492
234
935
269

38.
39.
37.
38.
38.
37.
3 7.
37.

0
0
5
5
5
5
0
0

6 1 .5 0
64. 00
59. 50
64. 50
67. 50
55. 50
57. 00
55. 50

396
180
216
67
145

38.
3 7.
38.
38.
38.

0
5
0
5
0

64.
64.
64.
58.
66.

00
00
50
50
50

-

"

-

Switchboard operators -------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------Public utilities f ------------------------------------------------------W holesale trade -------------------------------------------------------Retail t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------------------Finance f f ---------------------------------------------------------- ------ —
Services ----------------------------------------------------------------------

731
138
593
52
81
109
203
148

38. 5
39. 0
38. 5
3 9 .5
38. 5
38. 0
37. 5
39. 0

58.
66.
56.
67.
63.
55.
57.
49.

50
50
50
00
50
00
00
00

2
_
2
_
2
-

6
_
6
_

-

-

Switchboard op erator-recep tion ists -------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------W holesale trade --------------------------------------------------------Retail trade ----------------------------------------------------------------Finance f f -----------------------------------------------------------------Services ----------------------------------------------------------------------

881
399
482
164
84
80
133

38.
38.
37.
39.
37.
36.
37.

58. 50
6 1 .0 0
57. 00
62. 50
50. 50
56. 50
54. 50

_
_
_
-

36
.
36
_
10
_
26

Stenographers, technical --------------------------------------------------M a n u factu rin g-----------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------Finance f f -------------------------------------------- ------------------ —
Services ---------------------- -----------------------------------------------

_

0
5
5
0
5
0
0

50
50
50
50
50
50
50
00

.

.
“

27
23

19
9

28
14

14
13

25
16

10
8

1
-

1
“

-

-

1
_
1
1
-

45
45
1
3
41

196
72
124
18
_
19
87

319
82
237
11
41
51
130

271
113
158
8
11
23
102

181
94
87
14
10
3
50

166
106
60

19

184
184
19
155

196
33
163
11
104

64
13
51
13
33

16
15
1
1

41
40
1
_
-

1
1
_
-

49
20
29
6
13
_
10
_
_
-

35
12
23
19
4
«
_
_
-

8
4
4
_
4
_
_
.
-

15
15
_
2
13
-

57
57
5
4
28
20

284
52
232
_
17
19
94
102

569
144
42 5
8
51
25
204
137

785
206
579
15
108
52
282
122

725
192
533
6
76
58
237
156

647
268
3 79
35
43
42
169
90

669
301
368
40
6l
38
162
67

51
4
47
_
7
39
1

2 70
68
202
11
23
22
120
26

5 79
133
446
22
51
48
207
118

645
198
44 7
36
75
64
227
45

623
201
422
27
78
66
196
55

468
231
237
30
92
12
91
12

536
412
124
36
32
1
45
10

1
1
-

4
3
1
1
-

48
18
30
27
3

82
46
36
20
16

96
56
40
5
35

85
15
70
7
61

32
_
32
.
.
10
22

129
3
126
1
13
22
90

132
10
122
4
21
22
54
21

125
27
98
1
13
17
65
2

114
28
86
11
22
15
32
6

21
21
10
11
«

34
6
28
_
15
13
■

130
42
88
30
15
15
16

246
108
138
27
17
37
51

217
139
78
30
10
7
28

_
1
_
1
1
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

~

See footnote at end of table.
|
Transportation (excluding r ailroad s), communication, and other public u tilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




19
13
2
_
_
_
_
10
10
10
_
-

6
_

■

-

-

-

-

-

5
2
3
3
_
_
-

1
1
1
_
_
-

3
_
3
3
_
_
_
-

1
.
1
1
_
_
-

489
241
248
50
29
27
120
22

251
109
142
25
21
9
74
13

196
114
82
11
17
5
33
16

115
29
86
16
29
6
27
8

108
39
69
18
43
4
2
2

71
17
54
7
39
_
8
-

25
1
24
2
22
-

35
6
29
29
-

6
6
6
-

2
1
1
1
-

29
19
10
2
8

22
9
13
4
8

10
5
5
1
4

13
4
9
8

3
2
1
1

2
2
-

1
i
-

1
1
1
_
-

-

i

83
19
64
21
1
16
24
2

45
19
26
6
4
5
6
5

49
24
25
9
13
3
_

5
4
1

4
4
_
_

4
4
4

_
-

i

-

-

-

-

114
70
44
25
6
7
6

41
22
19
14
_
1
4

14
8
6
6
_

14
2
12
12
_
_

11
11
9
_
2

16

10
11
13

-

1
-

_

■

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

no
31
79
27
19
3
9
21

59
7
52
29
21
1
1

21
4
17
2
8
3
1
3
_
.
-

-

10
4
6
1
5
_
_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

i

-

-

_

l
_

-

-

_
_
_

_

-

"

-

-

-

-

_
-

2
2
-

i

l
l

_
-

.
-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

“

_

"

-

_

-

_

.
-

-

-

8

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in B oston, M a s s ., by industry division, September 1957)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Average
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$
W
eekly , 30. 00
earn gs
in
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
35. 00
Weekly

Women - Continued
Tabulating-m achine operators ___________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Finance 11 -------------------------------------------------------------------

390
97
293
183

3 8 .0
3 9 .5
37. 5
37. 0

$
62. 50
7 1 .0 0
59. 50
6 1 .0 0

T ran scrib in g-m achin e op erators, g e n e r a l_____________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________ _
W holesale t r a d e _______ *____________________________
Finance t t __________________________ _________________

969
335
634
81
387

38. 0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
37. 5

5 8 .5 0
63. 50
5 6 .0 0
6 3 .0 0
5 4 .0 0

T yp ists, cla ss A ___________________________________________
Manufacturing ________________________________________ _
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
W holesale t r a d e _____________________________________
F in a n c e tt ___________________________________________
S ervices ______________________________________________

1 .0 9 7
565
532
60
287
142

38. 5
39. 0
3 7. 5
38. 5
3 7 .0
38. 5

58. 50
5 7 .0 0
6 0 .0 0
72. 00
57. 00
6 1 .5 0

T yp ists, c la ss B ___________________________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Public u tilitie st __ ________________________________
W holesale trade _____________________________________
Retail trade __________________________________________
Finance t t ___________________________________________
S e r v i c e s ______________________________________________

4 .0 5 4
974
3 ,0 8 0
149
376
240
1 ,9 4 9
366

38. 0
39. 0
37. 5
38. 5
39. 0
38. 5
37. 0
3 9 .5

5 1 .0 0
5 4 .0 0
50. 00
50. 50
55. 00
4 9 .0 0
4 9 . 50
48. 50

$
35. 00

$
4 0 . 00

$
4 5 . 00

4 0 . 0Q

4 5 . 00

50. 00

$
65. 00

$
70. 00

$
75. 00

$
80. 00

$
85. 00

$
90 . 00

65 . 00

70- 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

9 0 . 00

95. 00 100. 00 105. 00 110.00 115.00

62
.
62
15

60
8
52
40

59
10
49
32

46
3
43
32

54
18
36
31

47
23
24
19

36
20
16
13

12
6
6
1

9
7
2

.
_
_
_
-

.
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

27
_
27
_
27

111
11
100
4
74

228
45
183
22
108

269
92
177
6
121

138
55
83
20
48

64
38
26
15
9

43
32
11
1
-

43
29
14
5
-

26
20
6
1
-

19
18
1
_
_
1

191
137
54
_
36
4

228
111
117
5
93
15

211
79
132
8
79
37

183
95
88
7
33
44

152
95
57
11
17
27

60
20
40
1
26
7

23
6
17
9
2
2

13
2
11
8
1
2

11
2
9
6
2

2
.
2

22
3
19

643
82
561

2
_
2

_
_

_

_

_

-

25
2
1
4

10

9
8
2

242
88
154
15
30
4
96
9

139
89
50
11

2

535
140
395
17
106
38
213
21

21
11
10

_
_

952
278
674
10
141
39
412
72

80
48
32

_
_

1416
235
1181
96
42
72
814
157

1
1

-

-

-

-

_

21
69
385
86

$
$
$
105.00 110.00 115.00

$
60. 00

1
.
1
-

.
-

$
$
95 . 00 1 0 0 .0 0

$
55. 00
60. on

$
50. 00

4
20
15

-

2
2
-

_
-

-

'

-

15
13
2
2
-

4
4
4
-

j
1
1
-

2
2
2
_
.

2
.
2

-

_
-

and
over

.
•

4
4
3
1
_
.

_
_
_
_
_
.

_
_
_
.
.

_
_
_
_
_
_

-

-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

"

.
-

-

*

-

_
_
-

_
_

.
_
_
_
.

-

-

-

-

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours,
t Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public u tilities,
f f Finance, insurance, and real estate.

Table A-2: Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Boston, M a s s ., by industry division, September 1957)
Average

Men
D raftsm en , leader
Manufacturing
D raftsm en , senior
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Services ....

.

_ ..... _
..... .....

D raftsm en , junior
_ ...
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing ........
S ervices -----------------------------------------Tracers

______

_____ _

420
132

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

2 .4 0 0
1 ,3 3 8
1 ,0 6 2
976

40 . 0
4 0 .0
40 . 0
40 . 0

107. 00
1 0 4 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0

-

-

-

-

1. 101
738
363
322

40 . 0
4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0

79.
79.
80.
80.

_

11

59
59
_

1 20

-

16

180

40. 0

50
00
50
50

5 9 .0 0

"
5

-

7
4
4
74

Women
N u r se s, industrial (registered ) ________
Manufacturing
____ ___________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

.
-

1
-

27
27

1
-

-

137

96
65
31
28

17

-

.... 3 3

38
1
88

45
43
38

2

187
144
43
42

115
59
56
50

191
117
74
69

... 274
193
81
62

319
225
94
94

180
55
125
123

136
77
59
52

149
42
107
87

1 184

77
66
11
11

2
2

30
30

24
23

104
41
63
63

-

-

.

_

1

____53_
50
3

29

34

11

11

13

6

23
7

23

75
65

51 i
38 !
13

a

1 60

184
60
124
1 06

13
12
1

244
79
165
163

202
34
149

53
31
28

8
6
2

3
3

4
3

1 68

84

93
55
38
36
_
_

-

1

-

35
2
33
32
_
_
_

-

39. 0
39. 5
38. 5

76. 50
76. 50
75. 00

.
-

_
-

-

16

12
11

10

53
40
13

14

17

8
6

11
6

9
7
2

_

99
89
9
8
_

-

55
52
3

-

12

_

.

|
273
195
78

19
6
13

o
o
o

$
$
$
s
s
Is
$
S
$
$
s
*
s
|s
Is
s
s
1*
Is
s
Weekly 45 . 00 50. 00 ! 55. 00 ! 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95 .0 0 100.00 ,105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.001130.00 135.00 140.00 145
earnings 1 aijd
(Standard) (Standard) unaer i
~
_ i and
“
"
"
"
“
"
■
“
"
- 1
■
“
“
50. 0 0 i5 5 . 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 i 90. 00 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 1 1 5 . oq 120.00 125.00 1 3 0 .0 0 !l3 5 .0 0 140.00 145.00 150 .00 over
1
I
!
$
.
_
_
_
_
_
_
.
_
40 . 0
1 4 2 .0 0
2
14
2
3
2
41
56
40
46
59
52 2 103
150. 50
39. 5
2
14
3
1
12
6
13
2
3
3
73
Weekly j

b
o

Number
of
w
orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

2
1

■

1

_

_
_

-

-

_
_

_
_
-

_
-

_
_
1
____ ___ !

_
_

j

.

j
-----

_
_

-

_
_

i
___

- i
____ l _

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.
2 W ork ers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 2 at $1 5 0 to $ 1 55 ; 4 at $155 to $ 1 6 0 ; 28 at $160 to $1 65 ; 28 at $165 to $ 1 7 0 ; 2 at $1 70 to $ 1 75 ; 11 at $1 75 to $1 80 ; 28 at $ 180 and o v e r .
Occupational Wage Survey, Boston, M a s s ., September 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF LA B O R
Bureau of Labor Statistics




9

Table A-3: Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis in Boston, M a s s . ,
by industry division, September 1957)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Average
h rly
ou
earnin
gs

1 .0 0

1 .1 0

1 .20

$
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

$
1.6 0

$
1. 70

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

1 .0 0

and
under
I. 1 0

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1. 70

1 .8 0

1 .90

2 .0 0

2

$
1

190

$
2. 32
2 .2 7
2 .4 3

-

125

2 .6 6

*

1 ,0 2 5
855
170

2 .4 4
2 .4 8
2 .2 5

.
"

396
255
141

2. 36
2 .4 5
2 . 18

_
-

556
344

2

C arpenters, maintenance ------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------Retail trade ---------------------------------------------------

683
493

E le ctricia n s, maintenance ----------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------E ngin eers, stationary ------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------

212

. 00
2 .0 3
1 .9 4

H elp e rs, tra d e s, maintenance ---------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------Public utilities f ------------------------------------------W h olesale trade ------------------------------------------Retail trade ---------------------------------------------------

984
770
214
70
62
51

1 .9 0
1 .9 2
1 .8 4
2. 03
1 .8 4
1. 71

M achin e-tool o p era to rs, toolroom --------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

428
428

2 .3 7
2 .3 7

Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------

M achin ists, maintenance ------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

$

$

1 .1 2 3
1 ,0 7 7

2 .4 4
2 .4 5

_

.

-

-

6

8

-

-

.
-

6

.
-

"

-

-

3
3

.
-

_
-

-

8

"

11

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

2 .2 4
2 . 22
2 .2 8
2. 41
2. 64
2 . 19

M illw r ig h ts --------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

327
327

2 .3 1
2. 31

-

-

277
2 52

1 .8 9

_

_

_

_

1 .8 8

*

*

-

-

P ainters, maintenance ----------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------Services --------------------------------------------------------

3 78

2 .0 8
2 .2 4
1 .8 7
1 .5 3

10

>
-

_

12

-

“

“

See footnotes at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding r ailroad s), com m unication,




66

11

16

95
57
38
15
9

-

-

-

Oilers -----------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

62

72
69
3

1 70
131
39
16

7
16

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

31
31

33
27
26

56
30
-

6
8

-

110

232

_

T& 9
l

225

1

_

_

_
_

177
"TTF8
69

-

-

-

-

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

10
10

21

17
17

-

-

-

-

-

20

1

-

_

_

.
_

_
_

20

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

and other public u tilities.

9
9

_
.
-

•

18
11
11
10

...

12 —

_

12
10

4
3
103
70
33

60

93
62
'5 7 .... ----- 8T ~
10
5
2

116

91
25

1

70

2 . 70

2

12
6
6
6

250
186
" 1 6 6 " | Z39“
20

80

1 .9 0

S

.0 0

$ 10
3.

. 80

2 .9 0

3. 00

3. 10

and
over

2

—

1

r~
-

41
31

65
44
21

31
28
3

5. _
4

10

50
18
32

34

18
16
2

65
165
156

32

77

170

8

69

2
168

22

89

5
42

73

6

45
45
98
84
113
7
106
91
15

3
13
4

3
3
-

65
65

49
49

1

90
84
31
10
21

18
3
-

4

-

104
93

54
54
343
343

51
29

7

13

2

22
22

5
3

12
1

-

2

-

-

“

-

2

"

34
24
"

5
5
-

.

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

.

-

-

1

89
89
33 _ ...
14
19
19
-

57

59

4

4

20

3

22
22

19
19

20
20

51
51

163
163

1
1

3
3

4
4

54
54
.

7

10

78
76

34
14

34
34

14
14

5
5

-

27

40
29

19
14
5

37
17

58
36

29

33

11

22

20

11

-

22
2

18

-

2

25
12

10

11
6

67
8

22

18

136
66

70
50

■

15
13

40
40

"135..

140
1 1 ST

22
22

2

-

-

11 7
117

1

2

l

12

200

123
9?
28
24

154
151

-

1

-

6

64
64

9

31
22

2
2

_

13
19
------ T5“ — rt ~
4
1

3

20

-

*70

_
-

158
107
51
7
14
30

7
_
_

2

4

12
22

34
14

_
-

2

24
2l
3

_
-

4
-------- T

.

52
24
28

32
18

-

107
"84
23

70
66

.

1 .6 0

21

65
-

71
53
18
15

1

-

“

2

-

12
12

1

1

35
14

2 . 50

-

-

6
6

12

-

19

2 .4 0

5
5
-

15

-

68

2. 30

326
290
36
35
-

6

-

87

1 . 50

6

1

-

'

25
19

1 .4 0

66

86

1

146
121

1 .3 0

72

12
10

95

2 .2 0

1 .2 0

14

53
47

26

10

34

54
42

121

.

20

47
13
34

86

-

-

38
35
3

28

_

12
12

49
44
5

28

-

-

48
4l
7
-

7
7
-

1

-

10
10

73

10

7

33

1 ,5 2 5
1 ,1 4 9
376
119
51
185

216
162

12

63
47
-

7
5
28
16

47
36

1
2

12

-

62

1

7
7

6

44
18

-

1

6

12

10

5
-

7

17

-

1
1

54
45
9

16
11

7

29

-

. 18
2 .4 4
2. 14
2 .1 3
2 . 22
2 . 10

M ech anics, maintenance ------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------Public utilities f ------------------------------------------W holesale trade ------------------------------------------Retail trade --------------------------------------------------

13
13

20

2

-

6
1

20

6
6

7

22

17
3
14

11

671
84
587
332
114
141

2

22

.
-

8

_
-

M ech anics, automotive (maintenance) -------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------Public utilities t ------------------------------------------W holesale trade ------------------------------------------Retail trade ---------------------------------------------------

8

_
•

2

“

5
5
5

-

-

~

13
13
4

8

8

_
-

.
-

8

-

_
-

.

1

182
37
T77| ------ 5—
5
32
2

-

-

-

76
73
3

6

5

8
6

10

12

10

12

_t

-

-

10

12

_

"
.
-

_

8
--------6 “
2

_
1
1

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

1

32
-

4
3

1

-

-

2
2

1

3

-

-

-

‘

-

Occupational Wage Survey, Boston, M a s s ., September 1957
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LA B O R
Bureau of Labor Statistics

10

Table A-3: Maintenance and Po^erplant Occupations - Continued
(A verage hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area b asis in B oston, M a s s . ,
by industry d ivision, September 1957)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

P ip efitte rs, maintenance --------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------

Number
of
workers

$
2 .3 9
2 .3 9

560

535

$
1 .0 0
and
under
1. 10

$
1 .1 0

$
1 .2 0

$
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

$
1. 70

$

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
2. 10

$

$

$

1 .8 0

2 .2 0

2 . 30

2 .4 0

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0 . 1.5Q

1 .6 0

1. 70

i.a.Q

1 .9 0

2 . 00

2. 10

2 .2 0

2. 30

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2. 60

2. 70

7

Average
hourly j
earnings

-

7

18
18

29
26

-

-

-

44

71

40

61

88
87

127
127

$
2 . 70

$
2. 80

120

$
3 .0 0

$
3. 10

..2,9 Q

3. 00

3. 10

and
over

17

118 —

29
29

$
2 .9 0

rr~

9
4

-

1
1

------------------------------------------

68

2. 30

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

3

4

6

4

34

4

4

1

1

-

_

1

1

S heet-m etal w ork ers, maintenance --------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------

175
165

2. 43
2 .4 5

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

-

19
14

27
25

41
41

15
15

2
2

3
3

_

-

4
4

_

~

3
1

_

-

2
2

57

-

2
1

Tool and die m akers -----------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------

1, 127
1, 124

2. 62
2. 63

-

.

.

_

_

_

_

_

2

4

14

18

121

193

“

“

“

”

2

2

14

18

95
95

171

“

74
74

7
7

317
317

P lu m b ers, maintenance

1
2

-

57

120

109
109

193

l7l

_

2

”

2

Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 50 at $ 3 . 10 to $ 3 .2 0 ; 18 at $ 3 . 20 to $ 3 . 30; 2 at $ 3 . 30 to $ 3 . 40.

Table A-4:

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(Average hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis in B oston, M a s s . ,
by industry division, September 195 7)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation 1 and industry division

A
verage $
hourly 2 0 . 80
earnings
and
under
.9 0

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

$
Elevator op erators, p assen ger (men) -----------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------Finance *j"f‘___________________________________
S ervices

543
530
284
183

Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------Retail trade --------------------------------------------------

442
421
184

Guards --------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------Finance^|-------------------------------------------------------Janitors, p o rte rs, and cleaners (m e n )------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------Public u tilities | -----------------------------------------W h olesale trade -----------------------------------------Re tail trade
__
_
Finance H ------------------------------------------------------Services -------------------------------------------------------

947
577
3 70
261

4 , 116
1 ,9 4 5
2 , 171
397
140
62 7
60 7
400

'

1.21
1 .2 0

.

1 .0 4
1 .8 0
1 .8 7
1 .6 7
1 .5 9
1. 50
1. 64
1. 36
1. 63
1 .5 9
1.3 1
1 .3 5
1. 13

$

$
1 .2 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1. 50

$
1 .6 0

$
1. 70

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$

1 . 10

$
1 .3 0

$

1 .00

2 .0 0

2

.

10

2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2. 50

1 .0 0

1 . 10

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1. 50

1 .6 0

1. 70

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2

2

.

20

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2

151
l5 l
137

104
TCT4
104

19
19
19

27
24

5

37
36
-

6

-

1
1

0

.

22
22

30

141
141
7
129

12

9
9
4

37
37
32

230
230
117

72
72
31

22

-

_
-

.
-

5
5
5

59
13
46
46

2 54
45
209
4
52
25
128

436

50
50
50

61

61

48
.
13

285
38
247
12

107
42
86

See footnotes at end of table.
Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public utilities
Finance, insurance, and real estate.

t




.

10

$

. 60

$
60

$
2 . 70

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

2 . 70

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

and
over

2

.

12

61

61

1 .3 0
1 .0 4
1 . 12
1 . 10

$
90

$

32
-

100

336
35
10

153
90
48

36
11

25
23
560
TTJ2
458
14
25

35
4
31
31
556
389
167
30
12

18
2 76

66

22

41

1
1

7
7

5
4
-

6
6

-

_
-

71
.... 43
28
28

2 73
176
97
50

70
33
37
29

276
“ 182
94
41
8
12

355
TOT"
251
175
17
35

33
"

12
12

6

*

4
“

_

“

-

-

-

12

64
42
22
21

353
T99
154
61
16

17
60

472
420
52
24
_
25
3
*

7
4
-

t

-

-

-

-

~

-

23
18
5
-

41
41
-

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
.
-

.
-

_
-

-

_
-

.

-

-

“

-

247
194"
53
14

-

-

227
169
113 " 196
56
31
14
3
3
28
70
J7
-

41
36
5
5

21
21

21

21

14

“

■

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

.
_

.
_

.
-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

■

•

“

“

Occupational Wage Survey, B oston, M a s s ., September 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF LA B O R
Bureau of Labor Statistics

11
Table A-4:

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations - Continued

(A verage hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis in Boston, M a s s . ,
by industry division, September 1957)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation 1 and industry division

Janitors, p o r te r s, and cleaners (w o m e n )-------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------Retail trade -------------------------------------------------Finance f t -------------------------------------------------------

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

1 ,8 7 6
252
1 ,6 2 4
107
1, 131

$
Average $
hourly g 0 . 80
0 .9 0
earnin
gs
and
under
. 90
1 .0 0

$
1 .2 6
1 .3 9
1 .2 4
1 .0 7
1 .2 6

27
27
-

44
44
35

-

1

_
-

L a b o re rs, m aterial handling ----------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Public u tilities '}1
W holesale trade -----------------------------------------Retail trade --------------------------------------------------

5, 811
3 ,2 5 0
2, 561
518
954
1 ,0 4 9

1 .6 7
1 .6 4
1. 70
2 . 01

Order fille r s ---------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------W h o le s a le ----------------------------- -----------------------Retail trade --------------------------------------------------

2 ,4 0 5
879
1 ,5 1 6
1 ,0 41
475

1. 75
1 .8 3
1. 70

1, 785

202

1 .6 7
1. 69
1 .6 5
1 .8 3
1 .2 6

345
219
96

1 .3 9
1 .4 0
1 .3 6

P a c k e r s, shipping (men) -----------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------W holesale ---------------------------------------------------R etail trade ------------------------------------------------

P a c k e rs, shipping (women) -------------------------------Manufa c tu r in g --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------

1 ,09 0

695
464

1 .6 8

1. 59

1 .6 8

758
1 .8 0
— 379----- "7 7 9 0 ----368
1 .6 9
185
1. 76
141
1 .6 4

Shipping clerk s -----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------W holesale trade ----------------------------------------R etail trade ------------------------------------------------

1 .88
799
379— T T 9 7 ----1.81
479
299
1.91
1 .6 4
144

560
—
368
77
253

~ ~ vn

-

-

_

1. 75

Receiving clerk s --------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------W holesale trade ----------------------------------------R etail trade ------------------------------------------------

Shipping and receiving clerks ---------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ------------------------------------------Retail trade --------------------------------------------------

-

40
40
40

1 .8 6

“1 759----1 .8 5
1 .9 9
1 .8 5

_
-

$
1 .4 0

$
1. 50

$
]. 60

$
1. 70

$
1 .8 0

$

1 .2 0

$
1 .3 0

1 . 30

1 .4 0

1 . 50

1 .6 0

1. 70

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2

249
38

641

211

573
548

578
29
549
5
475

$

$

$

1 .0 0

1 . 10

i . io

1 .2 0

163
13
150
43
51

14
52

66

500
421
79
53

23

26

420
283
137
93
33

59

170

168

6

2

53
43

168

23
145

284
84

179

200

93
-

42
140

53
9
44
4
40

86

12

-

-

42
42
“

52
36
16

30
30

25
25
13

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
3

_

.

_

-

-

-

~

731
552
179
99
79

95
38
57
44
13

38

-

1

130
80
50

6

-

-

53
9
44
32

_
_

3

10

66

_
-

36
36
-

24

-

“

23
i9
4
-

10

2

■

10

27
-

121

“

-

47
20

31

123
45

69
69
-

2
2

51
20

60
l
39
29

2

352

1
-

24

1
-

24

-

32
rs
14
14

122

110

70
52

208
186

138
82
56
41
15

21
12

48
48
■

60
12

48
19
29

23
3

12

10
-

12
-

23

10
-

12
10

23

10

2

13

10

33
6

27
2

24

98
— n r83
50
18

6

244
4
240
28

4

212

190
163
27
15

56
56
-

"

105
72
82
“ T Z — ' " TO” ------59“ —
60
42
55
27
44
12
17
16
29

71
n>—
55
33

713
...5'4B~
165
169
27
65
T7T

136
89
47
47

9

12

■

86
E l~
21
12
8

109
5T
58
45
3

72
56’

58

16
8
8

46
4
42

12
86
2

10

3
3
71
----- T T
29
12
11

115
—

81

T T

84
76
8

98

12

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 . 50

2

, 60

2. 70

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

-

114

20

$
2 . 70

-

234
771“

12
6
6

. 60

-

371
191
180
128
52

2

13
------ 5““
7
7

“

294

22

2

-

283
161

4

. 50

-

16

86

2

-

80

1

3
3
3

-

132

150

$
2 .4 0

.

3
3
-

190

21

5

2

-

20

180
125
55
33

26

6
6

8

10

134

$
2. 30

$

20

2

2 .2 0

110

16
68

10

10

348

94
73

44
18

.

$
.

-

8

-

2

710
2 59
451
148

21
20

6

00

2

331
89
242
3
147
90

72
51

70
64

.

$

2 .0 0

457
292
165
4
85
75

469
“791 ■
218

280

30
33
26
-------5 ~ ... 2 0 .... -----73
24
6
25
10
13
2
4
15
5

See footnotes at end of table.
|
Transportation (excluding r a ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public u tilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




68

$

1 .9 0

109
—

W ~

70

393
79
314
255
54
5

63
61

180
56
124
124
-

67
23 '
44
44
-

248
53
195
195
"

"

-

88

38
17

"

6

7

_

_

_

2

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

■

’

■

"

_
-

_
■

_
-

_
-

_
”

_
■

.
"

.

_

_

-

-

.
-

_
“

18
"

20
20

18

6
6

-

-

■

■

18
18
*

_
“

_
■

_
"

26

52
" 43
9
9
"

13
3

"

2
12

41
18
23

15
l5
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

17

_
-

6

■

18

-

21
21

18

27
25

11

-

38

47
29
18
18

57

_

-

27

70
40
30

_

-

-

81
.... 515
31

9
9
"

-

2

6

11

“

-

22

1

20

-

22

15

18

-

2 .9 0

and
over

-

6

21

-

-

$
. 80

2

17
9
3

“65 ”
23
17

-

2

5
5
5
-

81
59

38
7
31
31

$

$

2
2

10

5
5

46
32
14

49
49
49
“

1

1
2
2

13

_
-

t
~

3

l
*

-

10

3
3
~
9
9
4
5

“

4
4
4

“

18
18
18
“

_

3

"

1
2
2

14
14
14

_

_

-

-

-

■

12
Table A-4:

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations - Continued

(A verage hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis in Boston, M a ss. ,
by industry division, September 1957)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING 8TRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation 1 and industry division

of
w
orkers

hourly »
earnings

$

$
0

. 80

3 ,3 5 4
946
2 ,4 0 6
702
849
69 7
147

T ru ck d rivers, light (under lVa tons) -----------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------W h olesale trade ------------------------------------Services
--------------------------------------------------

475
237
238
103
87

T ru ck d riv ers, medium (lVz to and
including 4 tons) ---------------------------------------------M an u fac tu rin g ----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------Public u t i l i t i e s ! --------------------------------------W h olesale trade -----------------------------------R etail trade --------------------------------------------

1 ,1 1 0

705
79
243
321

$
2 . 09
2 . 14
2. 07
2 . 16
2 .2 1

1 .9 5
1 .3 9
1 .8 2
2 .0 6
1 .5 8
1 .6 6

.
-

$
1 .2 0

$
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1. 50

$

1 .1 0

60

$
1 .7 0

*
1 .3 0

■
1 .4 0

■
1 .5 0

"
1 .6 0

1. 70

1 .8 0

50
50
24

70
24
46
24

62
5
57
-

10

10
12

79
3
76
_
4
72

149
56
93
54
29

100

6

4

79

38
34
4
.
4

22

211

1 .0 0

1.

10
10

1 .2 0
6

6

.
10

.
-

-

6

14

.
_
-

_
.
-

6

-

1 .4 7

10

.
_
-

-

6

40
40
24
14

10

-

-

10

_
_

10
10

10

-

_
-

6

_

6

10

67
3
64
_
_
4

17
17
_
4

118
15
103
3
_

13

40
36
4
_
_
4

-

.

-

.

-

-

-

-

•
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

30
30
30

_
-

3
2

-

_
•
-

"

_
-

-

221

90

1 .9 8

-

101

2. 05

-

-

-

-

-

T ru ck ers, power (other than f o r k l i f t ) ----------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------

205
ZU5

2
2

_

_

.

_

_

~

“

■

.
.

01
01

1. 50
1. 58
1 .3 9
1.8 1
1 .4 9
1 .3 3
1 .4 0

.

280
67
213

$
1 .9 0

$

$

2 .0 0

2

-2 .

2 .0 0

237
71

2

166
6

178
23
7

28
132
-

1.0

1

172
-

13
9
7

-

-

206
44

71
39
32

27
184

.

5
_

2

158
23

24
132

_
15

26
26
_

7
7
_

-

-

-

-

21
1
20

$
2 .3 0
■
2 .4 0

123
33
90
_
2
86
2

10
10

_
_

17
17
_
1

57
24
33
_
9
24

_
-

“
50
50
-

205
83
122

_

1
1

1
1

118
44
74
_

17
17
-

1
1

138
116
22

_

10

10

10

2

32
80

32
29

4

Data lim ited to men w o rk ers, except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for ove rtim e , and for work on weekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
Includes a ll d rivers regard le ss of siz e and type of truck operated,
Transportation (excluding r a ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.

70
61
9

7

Q

2

. 80

$
2 .9 0

2 .5 0

2 . 80

2 .9 0

and
over

165
58
124 ------- 541
53
_
11
22
52
8

1

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_

60
60
_
.

_
_
_

_
_
_
.

_
_
_

"

-

2

-

-

-

-

195
94

8

101

8

76
76
_
_
_

5
5
_
_

28
Z8 "
_
_
_

38
38"
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_

7
3
4
_

204
_
204
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

4

204

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1

60

-

2

2

_

-

-

-

-

128
33
95

50
50
-

58
58
-

18
"18
-

_
-

10

-

-

-

65

“

-

“

92
92

25
25

11
11

10
10

11
11

18
18

4
4
.
4
.

_
_
_

4
4

6
6

1
1

25
25

127
80
47

93
71

2
1

15
.

4
35

2
4

22

60
43
17
_
15
1

58
46
12
12

_
_

53
48
5

281
13

33
23

11

-

-

268

10

208
15

-

11
11

-

6

4
2

.

_
_

2

2

1

_
_

20
20

127
99
28
9
13

-

54
_

.

47
45

26

_
_

6

69
_
69

158

_

_
_
_
.
_

2

582
72
510

132
-

261

54
_
54
_

5
5
-

26

12

261

_
_
.

20

2
6

38

40 7
146

$

8

52
45
4

16

2

40
36
4
_
4
_

84
52
32
28
-

9

3
5
14

$
2. 70

19
18

-

1
1

62
40

. 60

■
2 .7 0

20

-

22

$

■
2 .6 0

-

145
97
48
34
14

1
1

$
2 . 50

7
3
4
4

“

-

29
7

41
40

$
2 .4 0

55

8

162
6

100

238
884
660
125
99
-

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

1122

20

13

$
10

2 .2 0

280
85
195

17
17
_
.

.

400

_
-




24

10

10

1 .9 7
1 .9 5
2 . 03

t

12

-

766
5?5

3

12

-

-

T ru ck ers, power (forklift) -----------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------W h olesale trade -------------------------------------------Retail trade ----------------------------------------------------

1

16

59
24

_
_

2 . 14
2 . 16
2 . 14
2 . 16
2 .2 3

*

-

12

_
_
_

603
71
532
219
126

602"

20

162

55
107
3
_

10

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons, other
than tra iler type) ---------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------Public u tilities ! --------------------------------------W h olesale trade ---------------------------------------

469
30
59
152
179

-

45
5
40

1 .9 0

_
_
_

2 .2 8
2. 13
2 .3 0
2. 17
2. 56

1 ,0 71

12

$
1 .8 0

.
_
_

1 65
815
400
271

Watchmen ----------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------Public u tilities ! -------------------------------------------W h olesale trade ------------------------------------------Retail trade ----------------------------------------------------F in an c ef f - - - ___ _____
... .

60
24
36
14

20

13
24

1.

1 .9 6
2 . 14
1 .8 5
2 . 10
1 .9 1
1 .8 2

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler type) ----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------Public utilities f -----------------------------------W h olesale trade --------------------------------------

980

$

1 .0 0

“
.9 0

Truckdrivers 3 ---------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------Public u tilitie s! -------------------------------------------W holesale trade -------------------------------------------Retail trade --------------------------------------------------S ervices ----------------------------------------------------------

$

0 .9 0

4
4
4
_

9
3
6

_
6

5
5
-

57
57
57

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

_

_

»

"

~
_
_
_

.
_
_
_

-

6

6
6

.
_
_

-

~
.
_
_
_




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-1: Shift Differential P ro v isio n s1
P e r c e n t of m an u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s—

Shift d iffe r e n tia l

(a)
In e sta b lish m e n ts having
f o r m a l p r o v isio n s fo r —
Second shift
w ork

T o ta l

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

W ith sh ift pay d iffe r e n tia l

------------------------------------------------------------

U n iform cen ts (per hour)

--------------------------------------------------------

2 V4 » 3 V4 , or 4 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------------

T h ird or other
shift w ork

8 1 .6

69. 0

(b)
A c tu a lly w orking on—

Second shift

7 .8

2. 5

8 1 .6

6 9 .0

7. 8

2. 5

4 1 .8

2 9 .2

5. 3

1 .3

5 cen ts -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------7 cen ts -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------7Va cents --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2 .4
8. 1
4. 8
2. 1

1 .0
.8
1 .2
4. 5

. 3
1 .0
.3
*

9 cen ts -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------10 cents ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------11 Va, 1 2 , or 1 2 ^ 3 cen ts -----------------------------------------------------15 cents ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 6 cents ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 7 cents ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 7 cen ts ------------------------------------------------------------------------

2. 3
9. 6
1. 1
5. 1
.8
1 .2
1 .2

1 .3
8 .4
3 .2
2. 4
. 8
1 .2
1 .5

.4
1 .3
. 6
.4
. 5
.2

------------------------------------------------------------------

36. 8

38. 1

2. 1

5 p e rc e n t -------------------------------------------------------------------------------7 p e rcen t -------------------------------------------------------------------------------7 V2 p e rcen t ---------------------------------------------------------------------------10 p e rce n t ------------------------------------------------------------------------------12 Va p e rcen t -------------------------------------------------------------------------1 5 p e rcen t -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4. 1
2. 8

1 .0
3 .5
1 .0
23. 1

.
.
1.
.

U n iform p e rcen tag e

F u ll d a y ’ s pay fo r red uced hours ----------------------------------------No sh ift pay d iffe re n tia l

T h ird or other
shift

-

28. 6
1 .3

-

-

1. 7

3
3

.2
. 1
*
.3
.2
. 1
*
. 1
.2
1 .1

*
*
*

1
4

-

.3

-

. 7
.4

9. 5

3. 1

•1

-

--------------------------------------------------------------'

'

'

1 Shift d iffe r e n tia l data a re p r e se n te d in te r m s of (a) e sta b lish m e n t p o lic y , and (b) w o rk e rs ac tu a lly e m p loy ed on latd
sh ifts at the tim e of the s u r v e y .
A n e sta b lish m e n t w as c o n sid e r e d as having a p o lic y if it m e t eith er of the follo w in g con d itio n s:
( l ) O p erated late sh ifts at the tim e of the s u r v e y , or (2) had fo r m a l p r o v isio n s co v e rin g late s h ifts .
* L e s s than 0 . 0 5 p e r c e n t.

O ccup ational W age S u rv ey , B oston , M a s s . , S e p tem b er 1 957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
B ureau of L a b o r S ta tistic s

14

Table B-2:

Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office Workers1
Number of establishm ents with specified minimum hiring rate in—

Number of establishments with specified minimum hiring rate in
Manufacturing
Minimum rate
(weekly salary)

All
schedules

249

Manufacturing

84

37Vz

40

XXX

XXX

All
schedules

165

All
schedules

36V4

37l/ a

40

XXX

XXX

XXX

249

$32.50
$35. 00
$37. 50
$40. 00
$42. 50
$45. 00
$47. 50
$50. 00
$52. 50
$55.00
$57. 50
$ 60. 00
$62. 50
$65. 00
$67. 50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$35.00
$37. 50
$40. 00
$42. 50
$45. 00
$47. 50
$50. 00
$52. 50
$55. 00
$57. 50
$60. 00
$62.50
$65. 00
$67. 50
$70. 00

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

130

47

12

24

1

_
-

_
-

1

1
2
2

_
4
3

5
3
23
30
30
12
11

3
3
4

7
9
15
3
4

5
1
1

1
1

-

3
-

-

6
1
2
1
1

3
-

83

12

20

29

1

_
-

.
3

-

5
2
16
21

2

4

15
9
7

2
2

2
2
1
1
1

1

1

165

XXX

XXX

XXX

8

5
2
2

1

7
3
4
5
4

"

1
2

-

22

90

12

21

30

2
6
6

2
6

-

2
10
11
10

4
3

5
3

-

31
32
27

5
3
4

10
8

5
3

4
3
3

1

Establishments having no
specified minimum -------------------------

64

27

XXX

XXX

37

XXX

Establishments which did not
em ploy w orkers in this
category -------------------------------------------

54

10

XXX

XXX

44

XXX

XXX

XXX

37

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

1

XXX

40

-

-

Data not available ------------------------------

XXX

37Vz

14

“

-

84

36V4

-

1

2
1

All
schedules

48

2
1

3

-

40

138

-

1

3 7Vz

FOR OTHER INEXPERIENCED CLERICAL WORKERS 3

FOR INEXPERIENCED TYPISTS
Establishm ents having a
specified minimum -------------------------

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 2 of

All
industries

Based on standard weekly hours 2 of—

A ll
industries

Establishments studied ---------------------

Nonmanufacturing

1

2

2
2
1

1
2
1

4
21
21

17
5
5
3
3

2
1
2
1

-

"

-

’

XXX

2
1
2
1

1
1

3

-

1
1

XXX

XXX

73

28

8

1
1

1

1

4
6
8
1
1

1
1
6

5
4
3
3
2
3

1

1

1

“

"

XXX

45

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

29

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

-

1

-

1

1

XXX

'

1
2
3

L o w e st s a la r y rate f o r m a lly e sta b lish e d fo r h irin g in e x p e rie n c e d w o rk e rs fo r typing or other c le r ic a l jo b s .
H ou rs r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a l a r i e s . Data a r e p r e se n te d fo r a ll the w ork w eek s co m b in e d , and fo r the m o s t com m on w orkw eeks r e p o r te d .
R ates ap p lic ab le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ffic e g i r l s , or s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l job s a r e not c o n sid e r e d .




O ccu p ation al W age S u rv e y , B o sto n , M a s s . , S e p tem b er 1 9 5 7
U . S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u reau of L a b o r S ta tistic s

15

T a b le B-3: S c h e d u l e d W e e k l y H o u r s
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS1EMPLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

W e e k ly h ours
All
industries
A ll w o rk ers ___________

__

100

100

3 2 % h ours ____ ________________________ _____
_____ _____________ _______ ___ _____
35 h ours
O v e r 35 and under 3 6 % h ours
----------------- ----3 6 % h ours __________________________________________
O v e r 3 6 % and under 3 7 % h ours _________________
3 7 % h ours ________ ___________ ____________________

1

.

8

9

1
10
3
25

**
**

O v e r 3 7 % and under 3 8 % h o u r s .... ............ ......
38% h ou rs ______________________________________
O v e r 38% and under 40 h ou rs
_______________
_______________________________________
40 h ou rs
O v e r 40 and under 44 hou rs ___________________
44 and under 48 h o u rs _________________________
48 h ou rs and o v e r
_ _ ....... .

8
8
2
34
**
**
**

**
9
_
63
_
1
1

^
**
T
ft

_________

_____________

M
anufacturing

Public..
utilities f
100

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance f f

Services

100

100

100

100

_

.

_

12

_
8

_
_
_
42
_
_

31
8
4
_
49
_
_

_
7
7
19
8
6
19
22
_
.

3
9
2
22

"

-

-

_
3
_
_
_
55

2
15

_

E s tim a te s f o r o f fic e w o r k e r s are not co m p a r a b le v itli e a r lie r s tu d ie s .
See In tro d u ctio n ,
Inclu des data f o r r e a l e sta te in add ition to those inc.u!'tr y d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t.
T r a n s p o rta tio n (e x clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n ,
and o th e r public u tilit ie s ,
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .

All 2
industries
100

Manufacturing

100

1
_

1
_

4
28
15
11
.
6
_
_

6
2

1
_

1
_

13
15
_
1
43
1
_

8
2

7

p.

_

-

19

_

1
79
3
2
4

_
_
_
84
1
3
4

Public .
utilities f
100

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

.

>

_
_
_
98

_

_
2

100

100

_
_
_

100

2
_

4

_

_

_
2
2
_
_
74

_

10

_
15
8
_
5
58
7

5
7

6

_

1

2

_
_
_

76
2
11
4

2.

T a b l e B-4: O v e r t im e P a y P r a c t i c e s
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

O v e rtim e p o lic y
All
industries

A ll w o rk e rs _____________________________________

Manufacturing

Public
utilities f

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance f f

Services

All1
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities f

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

48
46
14
32
2

70
69
7
63
1

94
94
54
40

65
65
21
45

58
58
30
28

14
11

80
80

85
85

100
100

8

-

72

77

100

73
73
12
61

_

**

3
3

65
65
2
63

36
36

8

_

37
36
12
25
1

-

-

-

-

-

36
-

52

30

6

35

42

86

63

20

15

-

35

27

64

97
97
21
75
**
**

99
99
12
87

97
97
25
72
_
-

85
85
24
59
2
**

100
100
22
78
-

82
81
12
69
1

97
97
7
89
1
-

99
99

100
100
-

90
-

100
-

93
93
2
91
-

96
96
10
83
2
-

80
80

8

**

99
99
54
45
_
-

3

**

1

3

15

-

18

3

1

■

7

4

20

D A IL Y O V E R TIM E
W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts provid in g
p r e m iu m pay 2 _______________________________
T im e and one -h a lf _________________________
E ffe c tiv e a fte r le s s than 8 h ou rs ___ _
E ffe c tiv e a fte r 8 h ou rs _________________
O ther
______________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro vid in g no
p r em iu m pay o r having no p o l i c y ___________

8

-

W E E K L Y O V E R T IM E
W o rk e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro vid in g
p rem iu m pay 2 ________ _____________________
T im e and o n e -h a lf --------- ----------------------- _
E ffe c tiv e after le s s than 40 h o u r s _____
E ffe c tiv e after 40 h ou rs
---------------------E ffe c tiv e a fte r m o r e than 40 h o u r s ___
O ther
________________________________ ____
W o rk e rs in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g no
p r em iu m pay o r having no p o l i c y -----------------

_

-

75
4
-

1
Inclu des data fo r r e a l estate in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
2
G raduated p r o v is io n s are c la s s i f ie d to the f ir s t e ffe c t iv e p r e m iu m r a te .
F o r e x a m p le , a plan c a llin g f o r tim e and on e -h a lf a fter 8 and double tim e a fte r 10 h ou rs a day w ould be c o n s id e r e d
tim e and on e-h alf a fte r 8 h o u r s . S im ila r ly , a plan ca llin g fo r no pay o r pay at r e g u la r rate a fte r 3 7 % and tim e and o n e -h a lf a fte r 40 h ou rs w ould be c o n s id e r e d as tim e and o n e -h a lf a fte r 40 h ou rs .
**

L e s s than 0 . 5

t
ft

T r a n sp o rta tio n (e x clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , co m m u n ic a tio n ,
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




percent.

and o th e r public u tilitie s .
O ccu p a tio n a l W age S u rv e y , B o s to n , M a s s ., S ep tem b er 1957
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LA BO R
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tics

16

Table B-5: W age Structure Characteristics and Labor-Management Agreements
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Item

All
industries

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities y

67

68
12
57
32

92

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance

47

56
10
45
44

Services

A
U
industries *

M
anufacturing

Public
u
tilitiegf*

W
holesale
trade

69

52

69
31

52
48

56
23
33
17

55
23
32
9

99
19
80

62
29
34
34

40
15
25
39

61
54
7
27

73
27
12
10
5

64
36
20
16

99
1

96
4
2
2

79
21

88
12
4
5
3

Retail trade

Services

WAGE STRUCTURE FOR
TIMET-RATE D"" w o r k e r s
^ _____1
Range of rates ------------------------------------------Individual rates ----------------------------------------------

61
33

6

86
8

43
53

“

METHOD OF WAGE PAYMENT
PLANT WORKERS-------

------- FOR

DATA NOT COLLECTED

Time workers --------------------------------------------------------Incentive workers --------------------------------------------------Piecework -------------------------------------------------Bonus work -----------------------------------------------Commission --------------------------------------------------------

**
**

“

**
**

21

LABOR-MANAGEMENT
------ AGREEMENTS 2-------

Workers in establishments with
agreements covering a majority
of such workers --------------------------------------------

15-19

20-24

75-79

15-19

10-14

-

0-4

70-74

75-79

90-94

50-54

60-64

50-54

1 Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Estimates relate to all workers (office or plant) employed in an establishment having a contract in effect covering a majority of the workers in their respective category.
The estimates so ob­
tained are not necessarily representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be covered by provisions of labor-management agreements due to the exclusion of smaller size establishments.
** Less than 0 .5 percent.
t
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
t t Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Occupational Wage Survey, Boston, M ass., September 1957
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics




17

Table B-6: Paid Holidays1
PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Item

A l l w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
paid h olid ays -----------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providin g
no paid h o li d a y s --------------------------------------------------------

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

94

67

1

”

“

6

33

4
9

3
8

2
5

7
4

7
9

5
36

2
2

2
18

3
27

10

4
4

1
2

11

1

1
1

**
9
1
9

4
2
13

-

1
5
-

29
5

4

**

-

2
17

1
7

2
10

8

11

-

1

34

1
24

3
9

14

2
18

2
14

2
6

35

2
36

4

54
28

3
47

**
18

67

38

5
8

2
6

45
21

28

4

6

-

3
4

-

‘

“

18
2
“

22

1
**
**

2
1

-

“

"

2
“

”

**

2
20
87
87
96
99
99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

22
22
60
61
76
76
95
95
95
95
98
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

**
3
11
16
34
36
44
45
63
63
83
92
93
94
95
95
96
96

1
5
11
13
27
29
40
41
58
58
89
96
97
97
97
98
99
99

21
66
74
74
82
82
82
82
92
98
98
100
100
100
100
100

2
2
31
31
65
65
77
77
81
82
89
93
93
93
93
93
93
100

_
4
4
40
42
42
42
75
76
78
87
87
89
92
92
92
94

**
**
6
6
11
11
12
12
16
16
26
62
62
67
67
67
67
67

All
.
industries *

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

96

"

“

"

"

"

“

4

_

2

2
1

_

1

-

2

1
5

1

-

3
-

-

2

1
12
4

2

1

51
-

1
5

3
10

3

6

2
19

1
28

**
10

6
**
43

5
25

7
1
2

1
2

3
10
54
60
79
80
86
86
96
97
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
100

2
3
28
33
62
63
75
76
92
93
98
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
28
82
92
92
95
95
97
97
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

All
industries

M
anufacturing

100

100

100
"

**
1

2

1
2
**
8
**

Public
utilities y

Finance yy

Services

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities y

N U M BE R OF DAYS

L e s s than 6 h olid ays -----------------------------------------------6 h olid ays --------------------------------------------------------------------6 h olid ays p lu s:
2 , 3 , 5 h a lf days .............................................................
7 h olid ays --------------------------------------------------------------------7 h olid ays p lu s:
1 h alf d a y ---------------------------------------------------------------2 h alf days -------------------------------------------------------------4 or m o r e h a lf days -------------------------------------------8 h olid ays --------------------------------------------------------------------8 h olid ays p lu s:
1 , 2 , 4 h a lf days
-------------------- - ..............................
9 h olid ays --------------------------------------------------------------------9 h olid ays p lu s:
1, 2 h a lf days -------------------------------------------------------10 h olid ays -----------------------------------------------------------------10 h olid ays p lu s:
1 h alf day --------------------------------------------------------------2 h alf days ------------------------------------------------------------11 h olid ays -----------------------------------------------------------------11 h olid ays p lu s:
1 h a lf day
------------------------------------------------------------2 , 3 h a lf days -------------------------------------------------------12 h olid ays and o v e r --------------------------------------------------

.

T O T A L H O L ID A Y T IM E 3

12 o r m o r e days --------------------------------------------------------llV a or m o r e days ----------------------------------------------------11 o r m o r e days --------------------------------------------------------10Va or m o r e days ----------------------------------------------------10 or m o r e days --------------------------------------------------------97a or m o r e days -----------------------------------------------------9 or m o r e days ----------------------------------------------------------87a or m o r e days -----------------------------------------------------8 or m o r e days ---------------------------------------------------------77a o r m o r e days -----------------------------------------------------7 or m o r e days ----------------------------------------------------------6 or m o r e days ---------------------------------------------------------57a o r m o r e days -----------------------------------------------------5 or m o r e days ---------------------------------------------------------4 or m o r e days ---------------------------------------------------------3 or m o r e days ---------------------------------------------------------2 or m o r e days ----------------------------------------------------------1 or m o r e d ays ----------------------------------------------------------

See footn otes at end of tab le.
t T ra n sp o rta tio n (exclu din g r a ilr o a d s ), co m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilitie s
y f F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .




4
6
57
57
91
91
97
97
98
98
98
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
18
18
42
43
44
44
94
97
97
98
98
98
98
98
98
100

O ccup ation al W age S u r v e y , B o sto n , M a s s . , S ep te m b er 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics

18

Table B-6: Paid Hplidays1 - Continued
P R E T O O F E W R E S EM LO D INE C N F F IC O K R
P YE
Item

All
industries

M
anufacturing

99
92
99
99
99
86
99
99
84
81
45
4
4
13
5
5
4

100
79
100
98
100
78
100
100
79
66
15
12
14
13
1
**

Public
utilities f

P R EN O P
E C T F LAN W R ER EM YED IN
T OK S
PLO
—

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance

100
98
100
100
100
96
100
100
93
88
50
-

98
94
98
98
98
43
98
95
43
44
18

100
99
100
100
100
99
100
100
96
98
76
1

Services

All a
industries

M
anufacturing

100
96
100
100
100
80
100
100
77
72
56

94
65
93
88
95
49
95
94
45
44
11
5
5
7
7
5
8

96
58
98
89
99
47
98
98
43
40
10
8
8
11
2
2

Public .
utilities T'

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

93
85
93
93
93
77
93
93
74
66
25

92
80
87
87
92
46
92
87
40
43
4

62
31
62
67
60
22
67
67
10
11
7

H O L ID A Y S 4

New Y e a r *s Day -----------------------------------------------------W ash in gton ’ s B irth da y ------------------------------------------D e co ra tio n Day -------------------------------------------------------July 4th --------------------------------------------------------------------L ab or Day ---------------------------------------------------------------V e t e r a n s ' Day ----------------------------------------------------------Thanks givin g -----------------------------------------------------------C h r is tm a s -----------------------------------------------------------------P a t r io t s ' Day ---------------------------------------------------------C olu m b us D ay ----------------------------------------------------------Bunker H ill D a y -------------------------------------------------------E le c tio n D ay -------------------------------------------------------------Day (d esign ated ea ch y e a r ) ---------------------------------Va d ay, C h r is tm a s E v e ----------------------------------------Va d ay, C olu m b us Day ----------------------------------------Va d ay, Bunker H ill Day -------------------------------------Va d ay, V e t e r a n s ' Day -------------------------------------------

100
99
100
100
100
97
100
100
90
95
28
-

-

54

7
-

-

**
56
**
39

-

20
-

-

13
5
2
3

100
92
98
98
100
82
100
100
74
82
21
-

45

-

6
11
7

-

-

32
31

-

1 Estimates relate to holidays provided annually.
a Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and no
half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
4
Only the holidays or half-day holidays provided to at least 4 percent of the office or plant workers in the area are shown in this tabulation. Full-day holidays applying to lesser pro­
portions of the workers were mainly religious holidays. Half-day holidays applying to lesser proportions were generally granted in nonmanufacturing establishments in lieu of full-day holidays
listed above.
** Less than 0 .5 percent.
t
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




19

Table B-7: Paid Vacations
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS1 EMPLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

V ac ation p o lic y
All
industries

A ll w o rk ers

... _
.

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilitiesT

W
holesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
1
-

100
99
**
-

100
85
15
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

1.00
89
10
1

100
84
14
1

100
88
12
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
87
13
-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

2
48
8
27

1
57
8
12

34
1
55

_
41
20
6

72
2

5
37
6
45

59
11
15

4
**
91
5

5
_
92
3

2
1
97
_

3
_
97
_

18
_
82
-

-

-

-

-

-

1
_
90
2
6

2
_
93
2
3

1
_
99
_
_

2
_
98
_
.

-

-

-

1
_
89
2
7

2
_
93
2
3

-

**
67
5
28

Retail trade

Finance "ft

Services

All ,
industries

M
anufacturing

Public .
utilities T

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

M ETHOD OF P A YM E N T
W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p roviding paid
v a catio n s ____________ _____________ _____ _____
L e n g t h -o f-tim e p a y m e n t---------------------------------P e r c e n ta g e p a y m e n t-------------------------------------O t h e r ______________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providing
no paid v a catio n s ______________ ______ ________

-

-

-

-

22
31
1
4

36
18
1
**

«
.
32
2
45

14
29
13
7

55
4
40
1
**

74
6
19
1

8
3
89
-

-

-

31
16
51
1
**
**

45
27
26
1
1

7
1
92
-

-

-

17
15
65
1
1
**

23
25
49
1
2

7
88
5

1
82
3
14
**

1
87
5
7

95
5

-

*

"

A M O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y 2
A fte r 6 m onths of s e r v ic e
L e s s than 1 w e e k _______________________________ __
1 w e e k ____________________ _________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eeks _______________________
2 w eeks ---------------------------------------------------------------- __

_

_
-

_

-

1
11
2
1

32
61
7

20
80
-

83
17
**

-

-

19
1
74
7

1
98
1
-

45
55
**

-

-

9
4
80

1
98
1
-

38
61
**

-

-

1
59
40

93
_
7

-

-

70
-

A fte r 1 y e a r of se r v ic e
1 w e e k ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eeks _______________________
2 w eeks ____________ ________________________________
3 w eeks ______________________________________________
O v e r 4 w eeks
_______________________ _________

_
_
91
9
-

11
81
8
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s of se r v ic e
1 w e e k ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w eeks _______________________ ____________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ___ _
_ _ ________ __________________ ____
O v e r 4 w eeks _______________ ______________________

99
1
_

_
_
85
2
13

4
72
13
10

-

-

-

-

1
_
98
_
1

2
_
98
_
>

_
99
1
_

-

-

-

-

86
2
11

1
96
3

2
98
_

53
47

"

-

-

I

_

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w eeks ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____________ _________
3 w eeks _ _________________ _______________________
O v e r 4 w eeks ____________________
________________

_

_
85
2
13

3
57
13
26

-

-

"

-

7

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ________________________________
_________ __
2 w eeks ___ ____ ________
_______________
________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks _______________________
3 w eeks __________________
______________________
O v e r 4 w eeks ____________________________________ __

"

See footn otes at end of ta b le .
t
T r a n sp o r ta tio n (exclu din g r a ilr o a d s ), c o m m u n ic a tio n ,
t f F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




NOTE:

_

_
44
8
48
-

_
46
13
40
-

_

8
85
_
_
7

O ccu p ation al W age S u r v e y , B o sto n , M a s s . , S ep te m b er 1957
and other public u tilit ie s .
U . S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LA B O R
B u re au of L a b o r S ta tistic s

In the tabu lations of vacation allo w a n ces by y e a rs of s e r v ic e , p aym ents other than " 1en g th -o f-tim e, "
such as p ercen tage of annual ea rn in g s or f la t -s u m p a y m e n ts, w ere con ve rte d to an equ ivalent tim e
b a s i s ; fo r e x a m p le , a paym ent of 2 p ercen t of annual ea rn in g s was c o n sid ere d as 1 w e e k 's p ay.

_

20

Table B-7: Paid Vacations - Continued
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

V acation p o lic y

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public j
.
utilities T

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Financett

2
68

_

_

26

40

Services

All
j
industries

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities]

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

A fte r 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _______________________________________________

**

_

2 w eeks _____________________________________________

49
4
43

79

_

_

O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _________ ____________
3 w eeks _ ______________________________________ _
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w eeks ____ ____________________________________ _
O v e r 4 w eeks ________________________ __ _______

_
61

1

_

19

39

4

2

.
_

"

-

-

_

_
20
_

10

-

30

44

65

56

_
_

_

_

36

_
_

3

-

-

-

-

1

1

67
3

78
5
14

21
1

_
65

_
35

8

1

_

64
4
17

35

84

36

16

_
_

28

_

_
_

-

-

7

-

-

_
_
_

8

18

_

1
8

_

71

100

67

61

29

-

7

-

1

-

-

7
**

_

_

2
1

_
_

A fte r 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _______________________________________________
_ _____________ ___________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w eeks ---------- --------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s ___________________
4 w eeks ______________________________________
O v e r 4 w eeks ________________________________
2 w eeks

**

_

_

2

_

_

_

1

1

12
2

16

2

6

_

_

7
5

29

-

22
1

25

-

_

26

82

83

98

73

57

88

68

68

-

-

2

69
3

37

_

-

2

-

-

4

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
**

_
2

2
26

_

12

3

_
7
_
77
_

1

_
_

30

_

-

-

A fte r 20 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
1 \x/ao\c
2 w eeks _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 and unde? 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w eeks ________ ___________________________________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w eeks _____________________________________________
O v e r 4 w eeks ___________________________ ____

**
11

_

_
-

1
21
1

25

66
2

68
3

10

3

_

_

83

97

60

56

_

_

_

12

3

1

13

41

16

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

**

_

_

13

_
2
_

2

8

24

3

_

_

_
_
_

70

59

41

42

68

1
57

_

_

_

16

57

58

3

2
20

_

_

29

_
77
_

68

_

1
1

_
_

8

1

_

18

4

71

100

57

60

29

10

35

7

"

**

"

_
-

_

1

29

20

1
24
1

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_
_
-

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _____________________________________ _
2 w eeks _______ ___________________________ _
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ___________________
3 w eeks ______________________
_____________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s _____________ __ ____
4 w eeks ________________________________ __ _
O v e r 4 w eeks ______________________________ _

1
2

_

57

-

72

_

_

_

35

15

28

-

Includes data fo r r e a l e sta te in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w ere a r b it r a r ily ch osen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e f le c t the individual p r o v isio n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s .
s e r v ic e include ch an ges in p r o v isio n s o c c u r r in g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
* * L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t.
t
T r a n sp o rta tio n (exclud ing r a ilr o a d s ), c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilitie s ,
f t F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




**

8

1

.

15
_

2
_

71

_

59
3

76

_

56

_

24

-

13

24

10

41

_
5

F o r e x a m p le ,

60

7

the ch anges in p ro p ortion s in d icated at 10 y e a r s '

21

Table B-8: Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Type of plan
A ll
industries

All workers

____________

_________

_______

M anufacturing

Pu blic .
utilities!

Wholesale

R etail trade

Finance t t

Services

A ll
.
industries

M anufacturing

Pu blic ,
utilities!

Wholesale
trade

R e tail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

90

89

96

85

86

96

60

88

87

93

84

90

90

Workers in establishments providing:
Life insurance___ ______________________
Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance ________________________________
Sickness and accident insurance
or sick leave or both 2 _________________
Sickness and accident insurance_______
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period) ____________________ __
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period_____________________ ___
Hospitalization insurance _________________
Surgical insurance _______________________
Medical insurance __ ___________________
Catastrophe insurance ___________ __ ___
Retirement pension____ __ ____ ____ ___
No health, insurance, or pension p l a n ___

51

59

89

44

48

46

16

59

59

78

40

52

77

77
42

93
64

99
25

72
41

97
70

54
22

90
32

94
79

94
89

100
28

69
45

97
79

90
78

63

73

90

70

45

52

52

14

5

34

43

26

11

3
80
79
52
29
77
**

4
85
83
65
12
73
1

1
42
42
9
6
95

81
83
41
24
65
2

21
61
55
34
3
54

-

11
78
74
45
3
59
1

7
88
87
53
4
59
1

50
44
44
17
1
88

10
70
75
37
9
55
6

9
65
60
40
1
61

4
79
49
23
**
16
1

-

93
93
59
58
89
**

50
43
38
8
58

1 Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least
the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
** Less than 0 .5 percent.
t
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
t t Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Occupational Wage Survey, Boston, M a ss., September 1957
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics




2 2

Appendix: Job Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

O ffic e

BILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, billers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:
Biller, machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers* ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
Class A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used.
Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B - Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers* accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment *s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or a c­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B - Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

23
CLERK, FILE
Class A - Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B - Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating m a­
terial in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK,

ORDER

Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sKeet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.

CLERK, PAYROLL
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include transcribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto master. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple com­
pleted material.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take m essages.
May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

24
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL - Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
tion
type
This
time

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's
while at switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports} or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form.
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

Professional

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during




Class B - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, etc. ; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

and

Technical

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER - Continued
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc. ,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications, making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

25
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of employees1 injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and
safety of all personnel.

Mai nt enance

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
Uses T-square, compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
simple drawings and do simple lettering.

a

d Powerpl ant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following; Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter*s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician*s handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-time basis.

26
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance’
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of m achinists handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinists work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re­
ducers. In general, the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

27
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
heating systems are excluded,
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship 6r equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

and

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processed.
In
general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.




and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Movement

JANITOR,

PORTER,

OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floods;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

28
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
custom ers1 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers* houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity. )

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is re­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under l */2 tons)
medium (I 72 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type-)
heavy (over 4 tons, other thantrailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆

U. S. GOVERNM
ENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1958

O— 451576

O c c u p a tio n a l W age S u rv e y s

O ccupational wage surveys are being conducted in 17 major labor markets during late 1957 and early 1958* B u lletin s, when a v a ila b le , may be
purchased from the Superintendent o f D ocum ents, Government Printing O ffic e , Washington 2 5 , D . C ., or from any of the regional s a le s o ffic e s show n.

A bulletin for the area liste d below is now a v a ila b le.




S eattle, W ash., August 1957 — BLS B ull. 1224-1, price 20 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102