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Occupational Wage Survey

ATLANTA, GEORGIA
A P R IL 1 9 S 6

B L S B u lle tin N o. 1 1 8 8 -1 8

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary




BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Claguo, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
A T L A N T A , G E O R G IA




APRIL 1956

Bulletin No. 1188-18
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

June 1956
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.

Price 25 cents




Contents
P a g e

I n tr o d u c tio n

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1

W a g e

fo r

3

tr e n d s

s e le c t e d

o c c u p a tio n a l

g r o u p s

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

T a b le s :

1 .

E s t a b lis h m e n t s

2 .

I n d e x e s

o f

s e le c t e d

A :

p la n t

O c c u p a t io n a l
A

- 1:

a n d

O ffic e

w e e k ly

e a r n in g s

A - 3 :

M a in te n a n c e
C u s to d ia l

E s t a b lis h m e n t
B

- l :

S h ift

B -2 :

P a id

a n d

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

c le r ic a l

p e r c e n t

o f

a n d

a v e r a g e

in c r e a s e

fo r

s t r a ig h t -t im e

s e le c t e d

h o u r ly

e a r n in g s

2

fo r

p e r i o d s ____________________________________________

3

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------o c c u p a t i o n s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

p o w e r p la n t

o c c u p a t i o n s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

a n d

s u p p le m e n ta r y

p r b v is io n s
r a te s

w e e k ly

o c c u p a tio n s

w a g e

____________________________________________________________________________________________________

p r o v is io n s

*

o ffic e

w o r k e r s

13
14

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________

in s u r a n c e ,

19

S im ila r

w a g e

in

T h e

1 9 5 5

d a y s

fa llin g

w e ll

a s

o n

a r e
o f fic e

a v a ila b le
o p e r a t in g




a ls o

fo r

r e p o r t s

o n

a v a ila b le

b u ild in g
fo r

in c lu d e d

o th e r

th e

m o s t

o n

fo llo w in g
a n d

ite m s

1 9 5 5 .

a r e a s ,

h o te ls
(M a y
tr a d e s

1 9 5 5 ).
o r

m o t o r t r u c k

w a g e

a n d

U n io n

s c a le s ,

iii

s tu d y

la u n d r ie s
in d ic a tiv e

B u ild in g

in

th e

a ls o

a n d

A tla n ta

o v e r t im e

a n d
a n d

a r e a

p r o v id e s

p a y
th e

p a y

o f

o f

p r o v is io n s .

p r o v is io n s

p r ic e

r e p o r t s

ta b u la tio n s

th e

fo r

h o li­

r e p o r t s ,

r e q u e s t .

s u p p le m e n ta r y

p o w e r

d r iv e r s .

o f

u p o n

1 9 5 5 ),

in d u s t r ie s :

r e p o r t

p a y m e n ts ,

d a te

a v a ila b le

e a r n in g s

(J u ly

o f

a v a ila b le

1 9 5 4

a g r e e m e n t s ,

in d ic a tin g
is

a r e

T h e

fr e q u e n c y

d ir e c t o r y

m a jo r

fo r

th e s e

a n d

la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t

d a ta
A

o f

1 9 5 4 ,

o c c u p a tio n a l

s e r v ic e

e m p lo y e e s ,

p la n s

fo r

1 9 5 3 ,

n o n w o r k d a y s .

r e p o r t s

a ls o

1 9 5 2 ,

c h a r a c t e r is t ic s ,

r e p o r t

C u r r e n t
a r e a

ta b u la tio n s

1 9 5 1 ,

s t r u c t u r e

p e n s io n

14

17

M a r c h

a n d

12

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- --

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

h o u r s

w o m e n

9
10

-

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____

fo r

5
8

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

N O T E :

f o r

a n d

s u r v e y

d e s c r i p t i o n s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

J o b

a s

o f

o ffic e

m a t e r ia l-m o v e m e n t

h o lid a y s

H e a lth ,

fo r

g r o u p s ,

te c h n ic a l

e n tr a n c e

B -4 :

s c o p e

-

p r a c t ic e s

S c h e d u le d

*

a n d

d iffe r e n t ia l

B -3 :

A p p e n d ix :

a n d

a n d

M in im u m

B -6 :

*

o c c u p a t io n s

P r o fe s s io n a l

A - 4 :

w it h in
s a la r ie s

o c c u p a t io n a l

A -2 :

B :

w o r k e r s

s ta n d a r d

w a g e
a n d
o f

p r a c t ic e s

d r y

p r e v a ilin g

c o n s t r u c t io n ,

in

c le a n e r s
p a y

p r in tin g ,

th e
(J u n e

A tla n ta
1 9 5 5 ),

le v e ls ,

a r e

lo c a l-t r a n s it




The C o m m u n i t y W a g e Survey P r o g r a m

T h e B u r e a u of L a b o r Statistics regularly conducts a r e a w i d e
w a g e surveys in a n u m b e r of important industrial centers. T h e studies,
m a d e f r o m late fall to early spring, relate to occupational earnings a n d
related s u p p l e m e n t a r y benefits. A preliminary report is available on
completion of the study in each area, usually in the m o n t h following
the payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional data not
included in the earlier report. A consolidated analytical bulletin s u m ­
m a r i z i n g the results of all of the y e a r ’ surveys is issued after c o m ­
s
pletion of the final area bulletin for the current round of surveys.

Occupational W age Survey - Atlanta, Ga. *
I n tr o d u c tio n
T h e A t la n ta a r e a is o n e o f s e v e r a l im p o r t a n t in d u s t r ia l c e n t e r s
in w h ic h the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r * s B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s h a s
c o n d u c t e d s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d w a g e b e n e fit s
o n an a r e a w id e b a s i s .
In e a c h a r e a , data a r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d a g e n ts to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in
s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g
r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r
in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s t u d ie s , b e s id e s r a i l r o a d s , a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s an d th e c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d a l s o b e c a u s e th e y fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u ­
p a tio n s s t u d ie d to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n . *2 W h e r e v e r p o s s i b l e , s e p a r a t e
1
ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the tota l in a ll
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f the s tu d y an d n o t the n u m b e r a c tu a lly
s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e a m on g e s ­
t a b lis h m e n t s , the e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m
the s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s t u d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e the r e la t iv e
im p o r t a n c e o f the jo b s s t u d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l
s t r u c t u r e d o n o t m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s d a ta .
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s an d S u p p le m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v is io n s
I n fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d a l s o (in th e B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e ­
le c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y b e n e fit s as th ey r e la t e
to o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s .
T h e t e r m " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u s e d in
th is b u lle t in , in c lu d e s a ll o f f i c e c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s and e x c lu d e s a d ­
m i n is t r a t iv e , e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l p e r s o n n e l . "P la n t
w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n an d a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in ­
c lu d in g le a d m e n an d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f ic e fu n c t io n s . A d m in is ­
t r a t iv e , e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n ic a l e m p l o y e e s , and f o r c e a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c t io n e m p lo y e e s w h o a r e u t ili z e d a s a s e p a r a te w o r k
f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d . C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in
m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s t r ie s , b u t a r e in c lu d e d a s p la n t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n ­
u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r ie s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d o n a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o l v e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s , an d to in s u r e
p r o m p t p u b lic a t io n o f r e s u l t s . T o o b ta in a p p r o p r ia te a c c u r a c y a t m i n i ­
m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f la r g e than o f s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s
is s t u d ie d .
In c o m b in in g the d a ta , h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e
g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t . E s t im a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b lis h m e n t s
s t u d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e , a s r e la t in g to a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s in
the in d u s t r y g r o u p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o s e b e l o w the m in im u m
s i z e s t u d ie d .

S h ift d iff e r e n t ia l d a ta (ta b le B - l ) a r e lim it e d to m a n u fa c tu r in g
in d u s t r ie s . T h is in fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d b o th in t e r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 3 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f to ta l p la n t w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t ,
an d (b) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d on th e b a s i s o f w o r k e r s a c tu a lly
e m p lo y e d o n the s p e c i f i e d s h ift at the tim e o f the s u r v e y .
In e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , th e a m o u n t a p p ly in g to a m a jo r it y
w a s u s e d o r , i f n o a m o u n t a p p lie d to a m a j o r i t y , th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
"o t h e r " w as u se d .

O c c u p a t io n s an d E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f
m a n u fa c t u r in g an d n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r i e s . O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i ­
c a t io n is b a s e d o n a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take
a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u ties w ith in the s a m e jo b
( s e e a p p e n d ix f o r lis t i n g o f t h e s e d e s c r ip t i o n s ) .
E a r n in g s d a ta a r e
p r e s e n t e d (in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s ) f o r the fo llo w in g ty p e s o f o c c u p a ­
t io n s :
(a ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (b ) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l; ( c ) m a in t e ­
n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t ; an d (d) c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t .

M in im u m e n t r a n c e r a t e s (ta b le B - 2 ) r e la t e o n ly to the e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s v is it e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n t e d o n an e s t a b lis h m e n t , r a th e r
than on an e m p lo y m e n t b a s i s .
S c h e d u le d h o u r s ; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id
v a c a t io n s ; an d h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n p la n s a r e tr e a t e d s t a t is ­
t i c a l l y on the b a s i s th at th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o f f i c e
w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n tu a lly
q u a lify f o r the p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d . 4 B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g , s u m s o f in d i­
v id u a l it e m s in th e s e ta b u la tio n s do n o t n e c e s s a r i l y e q u a l t o t a ls .

D a ta a r e sh o w n f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to
w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le in the g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k o n
w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , an d la te s h if t s .
N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e e x ­
c lu d e d a l s o , b u t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g b o n u s e s and in c e n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e i n ­
c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c ­
c u p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the w o r k s c h e d u le s (r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a la r ie s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ­
l y e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s h a v e b e e n rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t
h a lf d o l l a r .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t io n p la n s is lim it e d to f o r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n t s , e x c lu d in g i n f o r m a l p la n s w h e r e b y t im e o f f w ith p a y is g ra n te d
a t the d i s c r e t i o n o f the e m p l o y e r .
S e p a r a te e s t im a t e s a r e p r o v id e d

3 A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d as h a v in g a p o l i c y i f it m e t
e it h e r o f the fo llo w in g c o n d it io n s : ( l ) O p e r a t e d la t e s h ift s at the tim e
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) h a d f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r in g la te s h ift s .
4 S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s ( f i r s t s e c t io n o f
ta b le B - 3 ) a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w o m e n o f f i c e
w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o f f i c e s w ith the in d ic a t e d w e e k ly h o u r s f o r w o m e n
w ork ers.

* T h is r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 1s r e g io n a l o f f i c e in
A t la n ta , G a . , b y B e r n a r d J . F a h r e s , u n d er the d ir e c t io n o f L o u is B .
W o y t y c h , R e g io n a l W a g e a n d I n d u s tr ia l R e la tio n s A n a ly s t.
1 S e e ta b le 1 f o r m i n i m u m - s i z e e s t a b lis h m e n t c o v e r e d .
2 T h e ta b u la tio n o f m in im u m e n tr a n c e r a t e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e
w o r k e r s r e la t e s o n ly to p r o v i s i o n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s s t u d ie d .




1

2

a c c o r d i n g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t i c e in c o m p u tin g v a c a t io n p a y m e n t s , s u c h
as tim e p a y m e n t s , p e r c e n t o f an nual e a r n in g s , o r f l a t - s u m a m o u n ts .
H o w e v e r , in the ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a t io n a llo w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e ,
p a y m e n ts n o t o n a tim e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t
o f 2 p e r c e n t o f an n ual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s the e q u iv a le n t o f
1 w eek* s p a y .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n
p la n s f o r w h ic h at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r ,
e x c e p t in g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n t s s u c h as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n and
s o c i a l s e c u r i t y . S u ch p la n s in c lu d e th o s e u n d e r w r it te n b y a c o m m e r c i a l
in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y and th o s e p r o v i d e d th ro u g h a u n io n fu n d o r p a id
d i r e c t l y b y the e m p lo y e r ou t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g fu n d s o r f r o m a fund
s e t a s id e f o r th is p u r p o s e . D ea th b e n e fit s a r e in c lu d e d as a f o r m o f
l if e in s u r a n c e .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is lim it e d to th at ty p e o f i n ­
s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ich p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the in s u r e d o n a w e e k ly o r m o n th ly b a s i s d u rin g i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
I n fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d ^or a ll su ch p la n s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t e s . H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w h ich
h a v e e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ic h r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 5 p la n s a r e in c l u d i d o n ly i f the e m p lo y e r ( l ) c o n ­
tr ib u t e s m o r e than is le g a ll y r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p lo y e e

w ith b e n e fit s w h ich e x c e e d th e r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the la w . T a b u la t io n s
o f p a id s i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e li m i t e d to f o r m a l p la n s w h ic h p r o v i d e fu ll
p a y o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
b e ca u se of illn e s s .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v i d e d a c c o r d i n g to
( l ) p la n s w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y an d n o w a itin g p e r i o d , and (2 ) p la n s
p r o v i d in g e it h e r p a r t ia l p a y o r a w a itin g p e r i o d .
In a d d itio n to the
p r e s e n t a t io n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s
a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a te d t o t a l i s
sh o w n o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e i v e e it h e r o r b o t h ty p e s o f b e n e f it .
C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to a s e x te n d e d
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s w h ic h a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s an d in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d th e
n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p it a li z a t io n , m e d i c a l , a n d s u r g i c a l p la n s . M e d ­
i c a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v i d in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l p a y m e n t
o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . S u ch p la n s m a y b e u n d e r w r it t e n b y c o m m e r c i a l in ­
s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a t i o n s o r th e y m a y b e s e l f in s u r e d . T a b u la tio n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e l im it e d to th o s e
p la n s th at p r o v id e m o n th ly p a y m e n ts f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f the w o r k e r 's
life .

5 T h e t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a lif o r n i a and R h o d e I s la n d
do n o t r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s .

Table 1: Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Atlanta, Ga. , 1 by major industry division, April 1956

Industry division

Minimumsize
establish­
ment
in scope of
study 2

Number of establishments
Within
scope of
study

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Studied

Studied
Total3

Office

Plant

Total 3

All d iv is io n s________________________________________

51

701

191

161,800

30,700

103,100

103,160

Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------Transportation (excluding railroads),
communication, and other public utilities 4 -------Wholesale trade --------------------------------------------------Retail trade ----— ----- — ---------- -—------------------— ---Finance, insurance, and real estate--------------------Services 6 ---------------------------------------------------- ---------

51
51

240
461

60
131

78,000
83,800

7,600
23,100

59,000
44,100

54s220
48,940

51
51
51
51
51

60
128
115
74
84

21
36
33
24
17

20,600
15,600
26,100
12,500.
9,000

i

4,300
5, 100
3,400
8,500
(7)

10,600
7,200
19,500
5
900
(7)

16,340
6,270
16,930
6,420
2,980

1 The Atlanta Metropolitan Area (Cobb, DeKalb, and Fulton Counties). The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably
accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison
with other area employment indexes to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled consid­
erably in advance of the pay period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum-size limitation. All outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade,
finance auto repair service, and motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
3 Includes executive, technical, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
4 Also excludes taxicabs, and services incidental to water transportation.
5 Estimate relates to real estate establishments only.
6 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; radio broadcasting and television; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organization; and
engineering and architectural services.
7 This industry division is represented in estimates for "ail industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A and B tables, although coverage was insufficient
to justify separate presentation of data.




3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
T a b u la t e d b e lo w a r e in d e x e s o f s a la r ie s o f w o m e n o f f i c e c l e r i ­
c a l w o r k e r s , an d o f a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , th e in d e x e s r e la t e to a v e r a g e
w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s o f w o r k , that i s , th e s ta n d a r d w o r k
s c h e d u le f o r w h ic h s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s a r e p a id . F o r p la n t w o r k e r
g r o u p s , th e in d e x e s m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ,
e x c lu d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i ­
d a y s , an d la te s h if t s .
T h e in d e x e s a r e b a s e d on d a ta f o r s e l e c t e d
k e y o c c u p a t io n s an d in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a l ly im p o r t a n t jo b s
w ith in e a c h g r o u p . E ig h te e n jo b s w e r e in c lu d e d in the o f f i c e c l e r i c a l
in d e x ; 10 s k i lle d m a in t e n a n c e jo b s an d 3 u n s k ille d jo b s w e r e in c lu d e d
in th e p la n t w o r k e r in d e x e s .
S e e fo o t n o t e s to ta b le 2 .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a l a r i e s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s . The a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e th en m u lt ip lie d b y th e a v e r a g e o f M a r c h 1953
a n d M a r c h 19 54 e m p lo y m e n t in th e jo b . T h e s e w e ig h te d e a r n in g s f o r
in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n s w e r e th en a d d e d to o b ta in an a g g r e g a t e f o r e a c h
o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p . F in a l l y , th e r a t io o f th e s e g ro u p a g g r e g a t e s f o r a
g iv e n y e a r to th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e b a s e p e r io d (s u r v e y m o n th , w in t e r
1 9 5 2 -5 3 ) w a s c o m p u t e d a n d th e r e s u lt m u lt ip lie d b y the b a s e y e a r in d e x
(1 0 0 ) to g e t th e in d e x f o r the g iv e n y e a r .

T h e in d e x e s m e a s u r e p r i n c i p a l l y th e e f f e c t s o f ( l ) g e n e r a l
s a l a r y an d w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2 ) m e r i t o r o th e r in c r e a s e s in p a y r e ­
c e i v e d b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e jo b ; and (3) la b o r
t u r n o v e r o r f o r c e e x p a n s io n o r r e d u c t io n .
A f o r c e e x p a n s io n m ig h t
i n c r e a s e th e p r o p o r t i o n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c i f i c o c c u ­
p a tio n and r e s u lt in a d r o p in the in d e x , w h e r e a s a r e d u c tio n in the
p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w o u ld h a v e the o p p o s it e e f f e c t . The
in d e x e s a r e a l s o a f f e c t e d b y s h ift s in th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s e m ­
p lo y e d b y e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith d iffe r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
th e m o v e m e n t o f a h ig h -p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t ou t o f an a r e a c o u ld
c a u s e the in d e x to d r o p , e v e n th ou gh n o c h a n g e in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in
o t h e r a r e a e s t a b lis h m e n t s .

T h e u s e o f c o n s ta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a t e s the e ffe c t s
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b in ­
c lu d e d in th e in d e x .
N o r a r e th e in d e x e s in flu e n c e d b y ch a n g e s in
s ta n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e , s in c e th ey
a r e b a s e d on p a y f o r s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r s .
In d e x e s f o r the p e r io d 1952 to 1955 f o r w o r k e r s in 17 m a jo r
la b o r m a r k e t s ,
a p p e a r e d in B L S B u ll.
11 7 2 ,
W a g e s and R e la te d
B e n e fit s , 17 L a b o r M a r k e t s , 1 9 5 4 -5 5 .

Table 2: Indexes of standard weekly salaries for office c le r ic a l1 and average straight-time hourly earnings for selected plant occupational groups 2
in Atlanta, Ga. , March 1955 and April 1956, and percent of increase for selected periods

Industry and occupational group

All industries:
Office clerica l (women) --------------------------------------Skilled maintenance (men) -------------------- ------------Unskilled plant (m en )------------------------------------------Manufacturing:
Office clerica l (w om en)---------------------------------------Skilled maintenance (m e n )-------------------------- -------Unskilled plant (men) —
----------------------------------------

Indexes
(March 1953 = 100)
April
March
1955
1956




Percent increases from—
March 1953
March 1954
March 1952
to
to
to
March 1955
March 1953
March 1954

March 1952
to
April 1956

6.3
5.4
13.6

2 .2

1 2 2 .6

105.2
108.3
107.9

2.9
1.8

3.0
5.3
5.9

5. 5
7.4
7. 1

17.9
22.5
31.3

110.5
113.6
118.9

105.8
108.2
106. 7

4 .4
5.0
11.4

1.9
3. 1
1. 7

3. 8
4.9
4.9

6. 1
6.8
8.4

17.3
21.3
28.9

1 1 1 .8

114. 1

2 Based on data for the following jobs:

1 Based on data for the following jobs:
Office clerica l (women):
B illers, machine (billing machine)
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class A and B
Comptometer operators
Clerks, file, class A and B
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Key-punch operators
Office girls

March 1955
to
April 1956

Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Switchboard operators
Switchboard operatorreceptionists
Tabulating-machine operators
Transcribing-machine operators,
general
Typists, class A and B

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics, automotive
Millwrights
Painters
Pipefitters
Sheet-metal workers
Tool and die makers

Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling
Watchmen




5
A :

O c c u p a t io n a l

E a r n in g s

Table A-l: Office Occupations
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings 1 fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Atlanta, G a ., by industry division, A p ril 1956)
AveBASE
S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
*
$
$
$
$
S
$
t
%
$
$
$
S
%
W
eekly
Weekly 3 0 .0 0 3 5 .0 0 4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0 5 0 .0 0 5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0
100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00
hours
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
and
35.,.6.0 40. 00 4 5 .0 0 5 0 .0 0 5 5 .0 0 60. 00 6 5 .0 0 70. 00 75. 00 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 90. 00 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00

M en
C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A ____________
__________
________
M an u factu rin g
N on m an u factu rin g _
P u b lic u t ilitie s * __________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e
___
R e ta il tra d e _______________________
F in a n ce **

455
115
340
46
196
37
49

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
4 1 .5
3 7 .0

$
8 3 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
8 1 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s B ___________
M anufa ctu rin g
N on m an u factu rin g
W h o le s a le tr a d e __________________
R e ta il tra d e
F in a n c e * * __________________________

568
446
302
37
53

3 9 .5
“ 46 . 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 1 .5
3 7 .0

6 4 .0 0
6 6 . 6o
6 3 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
5 7 .0 0
5 7 .5 0

C l e r k s , o r d e r ___________________________
M an u factu rin g _ __ ______
N on m an u factu rin g __________ ________
W h o le s a le tr a d e __ __
__
_

197
53
144
133

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 1 .0 0
Y3. 00
7 0 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

C l e r k s , p a y r o ll __________________________
____
M an u factu rin g

75
52

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 2 .0 0
6 8 .5 0

O ffic e b o y s __ __ __ ___________________
_____ _____ ________
M an u factu rin g
N on m an u factu rin g ____________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _____ ___________
F in a n ce * * _________________________

234
44
190
53
65

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

4 5 .5 0
4 7 .5 0
4 5 .0 0
4 7 .0 0
4 3 .0 0

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s __________
M an u factu rin g
___ _ __ ________
N on m an u factu rin g
____________ _____
P u b lic u tilit ie s *
----------- ---------F in a n ce * * _ __ _____ _____ _____

159
— 54—
125
26
64

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

6 8 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
6 4 .0 0
6 6 .5 0
6 0 .5 0

ill

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

13

-

6
4
2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

13
1
9
3
-

47
7
40
29
4
4

87
13
74
35
8
-

76
6
70
40
5
25

98
23
75
42
8
16

105
29
76
65
8
2

49
18
31
24

1

-

-

16
3
13
9

19
7
12
8

20
5
15
15

24
3
21
21

43
n r
30
30

33
1
32
31

10
6
4
4

6
6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

40
1
39
2
24
2
5

27
6
21
-

21
-

-

54
10
44
1
19
5
19

80
12
68
7
35
12
9

63
16
47
5
31
8
3

27
18
9

33
6
27
26

45
19
26
26
_

32
23
9

25
7
18
2
15

10

3

_

_

1

10

5

4

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

10
9

5
4

4
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

.
_

-

_

_

-

.

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

2

5

1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

5
5

6
5
1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

2
2
5

8
_

9
8
1

24
6
18
4
11
2
1

39
3
36
20
9
2
4

_

1

_

_

1

-

_

10
2
7

.

_

1

2
_

-

_
_

2
_

-

_

2

_

3
1
2

-

_

-

_

!

-

-

-

-

9
1
8
4
4

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
3
2
-

1
1

6
6

1
1

10
10

10
7

14
7

2
-

10
6

9
6

4
4

4
4

_

2
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

113

55
4
51
19
14

39
12
27
16
4

11
7
4
1
-

6
2
4

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

94
17
43

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

10

16

26

22
1
21
4
10

14
1
13
1
2

12
2
10
3
5

16
6
10
2
2

7
3
4
1
2

24
19
5
2
3

5
1
4
3

2
1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

14
6
8
8

6
2
4

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

•

“

"

“

■

“

“

■

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

9
9

-

-

-

4

_

.

-

16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

-

4
2
2

10
2
7

16
4
11

26
2
19

51
36
15
3

33
2
31
30

41
15
10

15
4
11
11

8
8

10
10

5
3

7
5

6
6
3
3

28
27
9
18

29
23
14
9

24
24
23
1

-

_

1

.

-

-

1

~

”

-

i
|
i
-

-

-

-

-

1
-

1

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

|
1------ ; —
!

~

W om en
B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h i n e ) _____ ,
M a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________
N on m an u factu rin g _____________ _____
W h o le s a le tr a d e _________________

181
86
101
62

3 9 .5
“4 0 . 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

5 3 .0 0
5 3 .0 0
5 3 .0 0
5 6 .0 0

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b ook k eep in g
m a c h in e ) ____ _____ _____ _____ _____
N on m an u factu rin g ____________________

39
35

4 0 .0
^ 4 o .o

5 1 .5 0
5 0 .5 0

B o o k k e e p in g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s A _____ ____ _______ __ ___ _______
N on m an u factu rin g __________ ________
W h o le s a le trade ________ _______
F in a n ce ** __________________________

137
12 0 “
75
45

3 9 .5
P 4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

6 0 .0 0
5 9 .5 0
6 0 .0 0
5 8 .5 0

-

4

-

-

-

4

15
2
13

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

9

-

-

3
3
3

-

See footnote at end of table.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
** Finance, insurance, .and real estate.
391880 0 -5 6 - 2




26

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

35
27
18
9

11
10
5
5

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

■

-

-

~

■

-

Occupational Wage Survey, Atlanta, Ga., April 1956
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

6

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings 1 fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Atlanta, G a ., by industry division, A pril 1956)
A verage

Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

W om en

a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

-

c la s s B
_ ___
__
M a n u fa c tu r in g

op era tors,
________________________
__ _

505

82

4 0 .0
40. 0

$
5 4 .5 0
5 8 .6 0

__________________________

423

4 0 .0

5 3 .5 0

__
_

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

4 0 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

lo .o o

s
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

$
is
8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 . 00 6 5 . 0 0

70. 00

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

-

-

48

-

18
-

-

32

67

37

30

11

-

61

55

4 0 .0

6 8 .5 0

-

-

23
-

30

105

3
-

9

14

11

30

6

321

39. 0

6 8 .0 0

-

-

3
-

23
-

21
1

47

44

55

2

2

14

29
5

-

-

3

14

5

9

____

F in a n c e * *

____

_

____

-

-

.

_______

__

c la s s

A

.
-

3 9 .5

6 6 .0 0
6 0 .0 0

1 ,4 9 9
it s

3 9 .0

5 3 .5 0

2

40. 0

3 3 . 00

-

i

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

1

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

1

6
1

4
-

5

-

"

-

-

-

“

”

■

-

10

7
-

7
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

302

254

175

180

97

56

41

8

46

56

16

7

2

11
6

150

81

30

59

18

193

3 9 .0

4 7 .0 0

-

21

77

32

28

22

8

10
2

30

50

20
2

20
1

8
1

18

19

7

2

16

9

6

-

33

.

31

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

1
-

7
-

7
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

!
;

-

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

!

-

-

;

49
23
-

39
15

5

10

1

3
-

4
-

3

-

-

2

25

-

25
-

-

i

.

3 9 .0

5 6 .0 0

_

.

27

6 9 .0 0

-

-

1
26

26

15

12

49
27

143
-

446

150

56

9

14

15

19
-

17
---------

437

136

41

19

9

13

5

12

5

6

70

40

13

12
1

3
-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

12

12

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

8
2
6
6

12
12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"
“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

"

■

■

“

66

38

32

44

10

3

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

*
-

■

~

40. 0

3 7 7 00“

-

3 9 .0

4 3 .5 0

8

3 8 .0

5 1 .0 0

-

143
-

4 0 .0

4 7 .5 0

-

-

81

4 0 .5

4 1 .5 0

8

485

3 9 .0

4 1 .5 0

-

307

3 9 .5

5 0 .5 0

1

4

1

15

36

13

128

284

64

8
8

65

70

75

n r-

-

1

13

50

2
68

63

45

W h o l e s a l e t r a d e __________________________

194

3 9 .5

5 2 .0 0

-

49

52

3 9 .5

4 4 .5 0

1

12
1

15

70

35

19

11

42
3

491

3 9 .5

5 8 .5 0

_

30

80

87

________________________________

—

12

211

3 9 .5

60766“ '

-

3
-

__

280

3 9 .0

5 7 .5 0

P u b lic u t ilit ie s *

________________________

87

3 7 .5

6 0 .5 0

-

3
-

W h o le s a le tr a d e

________________________

74

3 9 .0

6 1 .0 0

-

3

6

68

4 0 .0

5 4 .0 0

-

-

4

3 9 .5

5 7 .0 0

_

1

61

147

4 0 .0

6 5 . 00

-

-

25
-

-

8

5 6 .0 0

-

1

25

61

139

-

4

42

19

18

___________________________
____________________

________________________________

523

______________________
”

5r
464

...

3 9 .5

275

3 9 .5

5 7 .0 0

157

3 9 .5

5 4 .0 0

1

50
5 —

91

8
~

i r

-

_

-

1

-

-

-

1

"

-

-

-

-

-

1

3
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

3
-

-

-

-

-

3
-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

“

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

-

-

-

”

-

■
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"
-

'
i

-

-

-

-

■

-

■

-

-

-

“

33

24

52

31

23

7

23

-

-

-

47

63

39

35

15

25

21

7

1
2

5

22

-

1

17

17

8

7

2

18

9

4

-

-

3

7

17

7

4

10

2

1

-

-

-

-

17

9

6

2

-

2
1

-

17

12
12

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

“

■

"

*

”

107

96

45

23

10

2

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
98

15

13

6

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

81

32

17

3

15

-

-

■

-

■
-

38

19

9

2
1

■
-

46

11
6

2
2

~

56

2
2

"

51

2
1

-

88

2
1
1
1

--------- 5 “

i

See footnote at end of table.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
** Finance, insurance, and real estate.




-

40. 0

77

__

___________________________

1

-

$5

142

M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________

-

|
i

184

__

__

-

6

16
-

3

4

31

3 1 .5 0

-

2

12

2

5 0 .0 0

—

31

26

3973

__

-

-

24

________________

__________________

-

1
1

1

3 9 .5

________

-

2
2

16

264

R e ta il tr a d e

-

-

5

------- 1 1

W h o le sa le tr a d e

-

-

18

___________________________

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

-

11
8
22

13
-

C om p tom eter o p e ra to rs

7

-

42

R e t a il t r a d e
________________________________
F in a n c e * *
____
____ __ _ ________

R e t a il t r a d e

-

2

33

799
43

________

7
16

-

52

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________

___________

6
11

208

8

_________

2
13

39

4 4 .5 0

M a n u fa c tu r in g

20
47

85

3 9 .0

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

-

294

876

_

-

-

42
64

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B ___________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ _____
_ _ ________________

p a y r o ll

-

1

291

-

C le r k s ,

“

41

-

R e t a il t r a d e

-

2

3

5 3 .0 0

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

-

24
-

5 2 .5 0

--------

-

-

3 9 .0

—

7

2

39. 0

—

-

2

5 7 .0 0

85

C l e r k s , o r d e r _ __
M a n u fa c tu r in g

-

4 8 .5 0

149

_______________

|

23

3 9 .0

______________________

W h o le sa le tr a d e

-

-

-

-

-

4 1 .0

__________________________________

„

-

-

17

4 0 .0

________________________

P u b lic u t ilit ie s *

-

-

-

-

355

2

-

-

15

1 ,3 0 1

5 3 .5 0

-

-

42
133

„

-

-

67

332

24
-

-

3

-

-

________________________________

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
F in a n c e * *

ov e r

35

3

-

3 9 .0

___ _____________________________

M a n u fa c tu r in g

-

85

194

___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
W h o le s a le tr a d e
____ ___
_
_____

7 9 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

32

.

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s B
_______________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________ .
________

R e ta il tr a d e

3 8 .5
3 9 .5

132

________________________________
_

*

79
70

_____

-

2
1

-

________________________

-

19

19

-

W h o le sa le tr a d e

-

-

18

3

5 0 .5 0

P u b lic u t ilit ie s *

-

-

-

27

9

6 8 .0 0

-

-

-

-

52

25

3 9 .0

__________

-

-

14

8

4 0 .0

___________________________

2

7

181

_______________

-

10
6

426

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

-

-

2
22

_______________

A

-

-

16

8
22

-

c la s s

-

-

24

49

-

a c c o u n t in g ,

-

-

30

6

62

5 7 .5 0

____
__________

-

55

-------- Z T

5 2 .0 0

____

-

86

14

3 9 .5

R e t a il tr a d e

s
1 3 0 .0 0 $ 3 5 .0 0
and

1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 1 3 0 . 0 0 1 3 5 . 0 0

1
1

120
106

4 0 .0

_ _

______________

_

M a n u fa c tu r in g

9 5 .0 0

* 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0

-

118
TO
108

55
----------7 "

_________________________________

F in a n c e * *

file ,

4 0 .0 0

$
5 0 . 00

66

R e ta il t r a d e

C le r k s ,

$
3 5 .0 0

157

W h o le s a le tr a d e

F in a n c e *

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OF

$
W eekly
3 0 .0 0
earnings
and
(Standard) u n d e r
3 5 .0 0

C o n tin u e d

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e

C le r k s ,

Number
of
workers

j
;

“
“

7

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings 1 fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Atlanta, G a ., by industry division, A pril 1956)
Av e r a g e

S ex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N um ber
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

N U M B E R O P W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OP-

Weekly
3 0 .0 0
earnings
and
(Standard) u n d e r
3 5 .0 0

W om en

-

or

op era tors

d it t o )

P u b lic u tilitie s *

_________________________~

W h o le s a le tr a d e

O ffic e

_________________________

g ir ls

_ _

___

_

___

_____________________

40. 00

4 5 .0 0

50. 00

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 . 00 9 5 . 0 0

1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 1 3 0 . 0 0 1 3 5 . 0 0

and

-

3

9

7

3

5 3 .5 0

-

56

59

6 5 .5 0

-

88
1

114

30. 5

29
29
-

87

109

50

7

3

18

6
26
66

9
16

10
11
10
10

390

3 9 .0

5 1 .0 0

-

61

3 9 .0

6 1 .5 0

-

100

3 8 .5
3 9 .5

4 8 .5 0

-

5

12

151

3 9 .0

4 7 .5 0

-

-

49

3 9 .5

4 4 .5 0

_

7

5

70

5 2 .0 0

24

_______

3 9 .5

4 4 .5 0
4 7 .0 0

7
-

65

3 9 .5

-

21
21

15

7

41

3 9 .0

4 4 .0 0

-

5

24

6

3 9 .5

-

_

12

36

110

9
16
14

12
1
6

4

-

-

-

-

13

28

34

1

i 6

8

8

43

30

5

2
26

29
5

3
-

8

17

2

9

2
1
1
1

9
4

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
-

3
-

_

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
'

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

i

174

263

234

149

191

80

46

29

10

7

-

-

-

12
68

10

6

36

23

7

1
6

5
-

3

62

201
” 126

18

4
-

109
23

129

26

22

17

_____________________

273

3 9 .5

7 1 .0 0

-

-

-

19

48

34

51

28

34

24

17

________________________________

160

3 9 .0

6 6 .5 0

-

-

19
7

4

2

20

21

35

20

15

18

9

4

9

3
-

________________

371

3 9 .0

6 5 .5 0

-

-

g e n e r a l ________________________

1, 4 0 6

340

39. 0
3 9 .5

5 9 .5 0

_

1

6 0 .0 0

-

-

12

20

62

1, 0 6 6
261

3 9 .0

5 9 .5 0

1

143

6 2 .5 0

-

69
23

145

3 8 .5

-

28

27

341

3 9 .5

6 3 .5 0

31

34

38
74

F in a n c e * *

-

-

1

-

-

2

4

7

2

95

50

42

26

11

16

1

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

241

238

53

40

39

2

4

4

28

-

-

-

-

-

1

10

4
-

-

-

j
j

87

33

38

9

10
2
8

3

58

69
17

2

4

4

-

-

1

;

2
1

-

13

8
11

2

74

276

4 2 .0

4 8 .0 0

64
-

36

27

32

30

17

25

30

4

6

2
2
1

1

3'

________

46

3 6 .5

6 0 .0 0

6

7

230

4 3 .0

4 5 .5 0

31
-

5

3

19
4

23

6 1 .5 0

30
-

13

3 9 .5

64
-

27

25

6
21
1

4

________________

_________________________
------------

6

-

16

14

12

4

5

"

4

9

6

7

11
6
2

3

2

29
4
-

1
2

-

-

4
-

-

-

-

6

-

-

“

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

|

“

-

“

-

-

-

-

“

11
11

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

"

“

-

“

_

“

-

“

-

“

-

__

_

63

4 0 .5

4 9 .0 0

-

29

__

o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ____

3 9 .0

5 6 .0 0

-

9b

4 0 .0

5 2 .5 0

57

73

58

62

24

9

4 9 .5 0

6
6

4

40. 0

-

27

18

23

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

55

35
-

9
53

2

4
-

15

13

-

-

-

-

“
-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

•
-

“
-

-

-

-

-

8
6
2

-

3

-

-

8

7
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

■

“

11

5

10

-

10

“

5

l

“

2

14

9

-

3

-

-

-

316

220

4 0 .0

5 4 .0 0

37

4 0 .0

6 5 .0 0

-

W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ___________________________

95

4 0 .0

5 3 .5 0

-

-

11

24

F in a n c e * *

49

3 8 .5

4 5 .5 0

-

4

17

19

-

-

_____

_______
____

__________________________________
op era tors

112
___

__

__________________________________

T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
g e n e r a l ___ __________
_
___ ____
_

89

33

409

W.l> 1
3 9 .0

6 1 .0 0

5 6 .5 0

3 9 .0

5 2 .5 0

'4o.1T

5 4 .0 0

-

5 1 .5 0

-

3 9 .5

___________________________

52
357

3 9 .5

5 4 .0 0

_________________________

138

3 9 .5

5 7 .0 0

__________________________________

142

3 9 .0

5 2 .0 0

-

30
-

8

22
6

17
3

9

15

12

11

7

1

-

-

-

“ T"
8

12
12

19

13

14

19

13

14

2

10

10

7

89
14

113

98

6

24

2

-

23

75

51

12

6

1
21

19

89
24

96

-

55

25

36

32

15

7
5

2

33

29

13

3

52

1

2

_

-

-

8

See footnote at end of table.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
** Finance, insurance, and real estate.

-

-

-

7

“

-

-

“

1

2

-

1
1

2

-

-

-

2

1
1
1

“
-

-

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“
“

-

-

“

"

“

-

”

-

”

-

“

-

~

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

-

■
-

“

~

“
■

"

■

-

“

-

“
“

_

-

-

"
“

i
1




-

-

1

12

86

W h o le s a le tr a d e

-

-

23

55

23

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

-

4

12

51

26

M a n u fa c tu r in g

1
4

43

47

_

5
-

34

50

,

-

79

24

_____

-

-

-

59

18

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

-

-

-

111

1

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e

-

-

-

89

-

P u b lic u tilitie s *

2

288

-

_

-

50

5 2 .5 0

„

-

336

5 6 .0 0

__

7

-

2
1

3

25

3 9 .5

_

-

205

3 9 .0

M a n u fa c tu r in g

-

-

23

121

_______

-

165

296

_

7

-

1
2
1
1

5
4

8

________________________________

_

J -J

81

__________________________________

____

—

2
1

6
22

N o r tm a n u fa c tu r in g

**

~1T

-

________

.

-

16

_______

i

-

18

P u b lic u tilitie s *
R e t a il tr a d e

-

-

2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

-

-

1

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

-

-

-

__

_

-

-

__

_

-

8 2 .0 0

_

-

_

-

-

3 8 .5

—

1

-

177

___

-

-

______________________

o p e ra to rs

-

-

75

R e t a il tr a d e

-

-

161

-

-

-

I

-

-

-

187

__

-

-

3

43

_________________________

-

“

3

131

____________________

-

-

-

2

u tilitie s *

1

-

70

W h o le s a le tr a d e

i

-

3

__

-

_

33

_______

-

.

-

_____________

-

_

12

M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________

-

_

-

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

-

_

_

-

___________

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

_

-

__

-

3

7 0 .0 0

1

-

_

2
2
2

... 4 3 . 0 0

F in a n c e * *

over

-

-

3 9 .5

■4§i

72

-

3
3
-

1

_

-

2

~W.5

F in a n c e * *

F in a n c e * *

6

1
38

1

1, 0 6 1

W h o le s a le tr a d e

F in a n c e

7 5 . 00

___________________________

R e t a il tr a d e

S w itc h b o a r d

$
$
$
9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 1 3 0 . 0 0 1 3 5 . 0 0

7 1 .0 0

P u b lic u tilitie s *

S w it c h b o a r d

$
$
8 5 . 00 9 0 . 0 0

1. 5 1 9

_

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic

8 0 .0 0

28

___________________________

__________________________________

M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________

S ten og ra p h ers,

s
7 5 .0 0

67

___

________________

W h o le s a le tr a d e

_

$
6 5 . 0 0 |7 0 . 0 0

3 9 .0

117

__

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

S e c r e ta r ie s

l o . 00

$
4 8 .5 0

_

F in a n c e * *

s
5 5 .0 0

3 9 .0

__________________________________

_

5 0 . 00

28

75

___________________________

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

R e t a il tr a d e

I s . 00

465

______________________

K e y -p u n c h o p e r a t o r s
_____ __________
____
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_

F in a n c e * *

4 0 .0 0

C o n tin u e d

D u p lic a tin g -m a c h in e
(m im e o g r a p h

1

$
35. 00

i

i__________

8

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings 1 fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Atlanta, G a ., by industry division, A pril 1956)
Average
Num ber
of
workers

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F -

9

$

$

$

$

Women

-

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

W eekly
earnings
(Standard)

$

$

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 . 0 0 1 7 5 .0 0

$

S

1
$

S

$

9

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 a 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0

$

3 0 .0 0

3 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 5 .0 0

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$

4 0 .0 0

45 . 00

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

An. on

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

and
under

4 0 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

-

s

-

$

s

-

-

$

$

-

-

t

s

-

and

-

1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0j o v e r

1

Continued
*

Typists, cla ss A
__
_ _ _______
_____
Manufacturing
__ __
__ ____ _
Nonmanufacturing __________________
Public utilities * ________________
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
_ _
Finance * * ______________________
Typists, cla ss B
Manufacturing

-------------------------------------------------

____________________

N onm anufacturing

Public utilities * ________________
W h oles a le tra d e
R eta il tra d e

Finance **

______________ ___

429
42
387
59
91
28
199

1 ,2 0 6
1^5

1, 0 3 1
51
213
144
530

3 9 .0
5 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 6 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .5
3 9 .0

_
-

_

5 3 .5 0
6 4 .0 0
5 2 .5 0
5 3 .5 0
5 6 .0 0
5 8 .0 0
4 9 .5 0

65

65
13
6

_

1

98
4
94
18
8

75
9
66
7
23

4

36
7
29
6
9

29
11
18
1
4

6

106
1
105
10
36

3

9
4

4

-

-

45

64

55

20

11

4 7 .0 0

3
-

22
-

4 6 .0 0
5 1 .0 0
4 9 .0 0
4 6 .5 0
4 4 .5 0

3

22

469
19
450

367
53
314
10

232
60
172
19
72
29
40

66

6 1 .0 0

25
41
11
21
2

40
18
22
3

8
_

3

1

21

38
61
291

77
37
168

_
-

3

_

-

-

7
5
2

-

-

-

1

3

_
1

-

-

2

1

1
2

3
3

-

3

-

-

_

-

.

_

_

-

-

7

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

.
_

-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

7

_
_

_

_

_

_

-

"

-

5
11
3

7

1

_
_

6
5
1

_

_
_
_

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_
_

-

.
_
_

_
•
_

.
_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

■

-

-

-

-

”

_
_

_

_

-

-

■

_______i
1 Hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receiv e their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
* Transportation (excluding railroa ds), com m unication, and other public utilities.
* * Finance, insurance, and real estate.

Table A-2: Professional and Technical Occupations
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings 1 fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Atlanta, G a ., by industry division, A pril 1956)
A verage

Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N um ber
of
w orkers

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y

9
W e e k ly
h o u rs
(S ta n d a rd )

M en

W e e k ly
e a r n in g s
(S ta n d a rd )

$

4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0
and
under
4 5 .0 0 5 0 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

9

$

$

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

$

$

s

Is

$

9 5 .0 0

100 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 1 3 0 . 0 0 1 3 5 . 0 0 1 4 0 . 0 0 1 4 5 . 0 0

and

.

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

*

-

-

*

-

“

-

-

“

-

-

-

•

•

s e n i o r --------------------------------------------------

273

4 0 .0

9 6 .0 0

-

-

_

-

4

37

24

58

28

30

37

176

40. 0

9 6 .0 0

.

-

-

-

6
2

3

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------------------

3
.

2

-

23

l4

48

13

28

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------- — --------------------

97

3 9 .5

9 5 .5 0

-

-

-

-

3

4

1

4

14

10

10

15

2

20

17

25

17

20

30

14

3

6

-

-

21

6
8

-

-

-

-

3

6

-

.

1

---------------------------------------------------

184

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

4

7
-

21

97

"T O T

4

M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------

87

3 9 .0

6 7 . 50

-

7

15

17

62

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

80.00

.

_

1

2

6 9 .5 0

6

3

12
5

13

14

12

3

12
8

18
2

9

7

3

5

2

7
4

-

10

9

1

-

9

$

-

24

13

4

1

2o

18

6

17

6

7

2
2

6
1

i n d u s t r i a l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) -------------------

M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------—

.

T
~

3

a24

3

22

.

_

1

-

-

_

_

.

-

-

-

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

"

*

_

_

-

-

!
-------- -— 1 1

-

.

-

-

3

----------

1

-

W om en
N u rses,

over

*
1 3 8 .5 0

ju n io r

l

9 0 .0 0

1 4 3 .0 0

D r a fts m e n ,

s

1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 1 3 0 . 0 0 1 3 5 . 0 0 1 4 0 . 0 0 1 4 5 . 0 0

4 0 .0

D r a fts m e n ,

$

9 5 .0 0

4 0 .0

M a n u fa c tu r in g

$

%

9 0 .0 0

59
47

le a d e r

%

$

8 5 .0 0

----------------------------------------- -------------- -----------------------

D r a fts m e n ,

E A R N IN G S O F

s

$

-

-

:

-

_

“

-

-

i

_

.

j
1
—

1

46

7 8 .5 0

*

1

* — r~
5

6

5

18
18

“

-

.

"

-

-

1

Hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receiv e their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 16 at $145 to $160; 4 at $160 to $175; 4 at $175 and over.




Occupational Wage Survey, Atlanta, Ga. , April 1956
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

9

Table A-3: Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average hourly earnings 1 for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Atlanta, G a ., by industry division, A pril 1956)

9

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Average
hourly
earnings

1 .0 0

U n dex 0 .9 0

$
1 .1 0

$
1 .2 0

1 .1 0

O c c u p a tio n

Num ber
of
workers

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S OF—

9

9

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

9
1 .8 0

9
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

»
2 .2 0

S
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 r90

? .o o

2 t 10

2 ,2 0

?• 3 0

2 .4 0

2 ,5 0

5
-

$

9
2 .5 0

9

2 .6 0

<
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

s
3 .0 0

S
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

j& * 7 0

2 ,8 0

2 ,? o

3 ,0 p

3 .1 0

3 ,? 0

3 ,3 0

3 .4 0

1
-

18
2

-

2
_

1
_

-

-

-

1

16

-

2

1

-

-

-

1

13

-

2

1

“

"

17
r r

---------F

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

“

6

-

-

-

1
-

-

1

■

.

.

.

■

~

and

$
0 .9 0

2 ,6 0

$
C a r p e n t e r s r m a in te n a n c e

_ . _

7

8

38

13

3

3

5

9

-

-

-

4
-

7

94

2 .0 5
2 .0 5 ” ”

3

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________

1

12

6

2

2

97

2 .0 5

-

-

-

4

2

7
-

2

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________

7
-

6

26

5

1

1

2
3

2
7

R e t a i l t r a d e ______________ _____________________

58

2 .2 0

-

-

6

8

3

1

1

1

6

191

. .......... .

....

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

s ta tio n a r y b o ile r

M a n u fa c tu r in g

m a in te n a n c e

_

.

.

13

3

10

10

21

12

17

-

-

-

2

10

T

10

7

l7

5

29
27

-

“

"

■

2

2

3

"

-

3

4

9
3

14

2 .2 7

~

-

2
-

4

-

3

2

2

2
-

4
-

17

8
-

35
-

13
-

12
-

6

2

3

1

4

-

4
-

5

3

11
-

7

6

8

2

4

11

8

35

13

12

3

1

11

3

3

4

“

1 .7 7

_

_

2 .2 1

-

-

1 .5 9

-

159
47

'

21

3

20

5

5
5

1

“

11

2

-

■

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

"

1

27

1

_

_

4

4

3

4

_

_

5

.

_

.

.

■

9
8

4

23

2
1

12

"

10

4

*

*

4

4

5

4

“

"

“

5

■

“

“

*

1 .5 8

4

5

52

23

44

68

18

_

_

_

6

.

_

16

34

13

149
77

3

30

89
2

35

15

49
7

38

24
4
_

5
_

28
.

8

52

42

87

38

_

72

_

_

33

85

32

_

72

_

-

_

-

1

13

2

3

4

3

-

2

-

2
1

6
6

_

47

1
1

5

_

14
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

7

10

34

17

16

7

68

7

1?

r r

39
57

32

"

7

55"

"

1
1

179

74

102
21

54

________

278

......

29

1 .6 6
1 .2 0

_

315

2 .1 8

.

_

_

.

294

2 .1 6

"

"

-

-

658

1 .9 0

142

_

_

_

3

36
3

_

_

_

3

1 .8 9

_

_

.

3

5

607

2 .0 0

"” 4 4 3

1 .9 6

2 .1 2

52

_ .....

103

— 1773—

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P a i n t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e ___________ _______________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
...
_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________

.

m a in te n a n c e

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____ _______________________________

7

15

-

-

-

92

28

5

4

1

20

30

18

174

70

81

53

57

80

49

9

3

4

8
5

32

16

21
11
9

7

_

2

2

1

14

32

48

28

63

92

24

30

33

37

29
3

44

23

56

74

49
42

45

6
8
1

37

15

2

4
4

5

7

18

7

9

28

4

6

21
12
4

9
28

1

8
4

30

5

3

2
1
1

6
2

1
1

6
2

40

_

4

-

1

4

1

2

4

2

11

8

10

—n r

34

16

34

16

2

3
3

1

— Jo~ --------5 ” ----- J“

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

1
1

-

26
1

~

-

-

25

2 .3 7

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.

6

1

1
-

----j- ----r
1

1

2

4

2

.

_

_

_

.
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

.

2

_

_

_

2

9

8

53
47

.

3

.

_

.

-

13

9

3

4

5
-------- 5 -

9

17

167

3

12
11
2

14

_

1

.
_

_

9

23

1

2 .3 8

----- 7B----

46

T
T

-

1

2 .0 7

2 .2 2
1 .8 6

39
9

~JT

8
-

1 .4 5
— 1 .4 5 —

65
44

35

n ri

1
_

28

1 .9 7

109

-------- 7 1

.

_

3

7

1 .5 2

164

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
R e t a il tr a d e

r

1 .9 4

1 .8 6

58

M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e _________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_ . .

405
46

W h o le s a le tra d e
R e t a il t r a d e

7
—

33

1 .9 7

516

(m a in te n a n c e )




—

1

“

___

P ip e fitte r s ,

29
2 ft

1 .5 0

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *

.

30

-

1 .4 6

1 .6 3

___________________________________ ,

_

89
59“

r
-

76

1 .5 5

m a in te n a n c e

.

—

—

66

221

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e
M a n u fa c t u r in g

_

7

2 .2 7

362

P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ______ __________
R e ta il tr a d e
_

O ile r s

6

11

583

____________________
............

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

M a n u fa c tu r in g

4

2 .2 7

112

s t a t i o n a r y ____________________________

M a n u fa c tu r in g

M a c h in is ts ,

-

5

61

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

H e lp e r s , tr a d e s ,
M a n u fa c t u r in g

-

55

276

M a n u fa c tu r in g

F ir e m e n ,

■

46

11
6

21?

E l e c t r i c i a n s . m a in te n a n c e

E n g in e e rs ,

-

17

5

3

2

2
_

_

_

_

89
84

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

2
1
1

1

-

5

1

6

_

_

_

6

-

-

6

2

1

5
6

5

-

2

-

-

-

.

3

-

*

3

-

-

"

-

56

12

2
2

1

3

----- 5 -

59

~ T r S T

5

5

-

nr

Occupational Wage Survey, Atlanta Ga., April 1956
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

10

Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s 1 f o r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s 2 studied on an a r e a b a s is
in A tlan ta, G a . , b y in d u stry d iv is io n , A p r il 1956)
N U M B E R O P W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S OP—
Num ber
of
workers

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

E le v a to r o p e r a t o r s ,
(w o m e n )

Average
hourly
earnings

p assen ger
■

G u ards

«
$
0 .4 0
0. 30
and
under
.4 0
.5 0

$
0 .5 2

52

34

52

118
IT S ’

52

34

-

$
0 .5 0

$
0 .6 0

$
0 .7 0

»
0 .8 0

*
0 .9 0

_ .6 0

.7 0

.8 0

.9 0

1 .0 0

10

_

3

_

67

F i n a n c e * * __________________ ______ ___________

50

1 .4 8

J a n ito r s ,

p o rters,

$

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

1 .1 0

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

15

$

S

$

$

S
$
$
2 .1 0
2 .2 0
2 .0 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

5
--------- 5 -

—nr

10

19
-

6

34

59

91

5

34

59

91

19
16

1
1

-

-

-

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

2 .4 0

$

$

$

$
2 .8 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

13

11

-

5

6

4

-

-

5

3

7

7

15

10

-

2

7

5

10

9

-

695

211

-

-

-

1 .1 2
1 .3 5

-

74

42

124

282

92

75

-

74

42

124

282

92

75

-

2 .2 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 .3 0

-

-

-

-

14

-

-

2 .1 0

14

— r

5

1 .4 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

$

$

1 .1 0

1 .8 2
1 .9 4

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------- . -------------------------- ,,

$

1 .0 0

and

-

284
217

$

-

-

13

— IT
-

-

-

a n d c le a n e r s

(m e n ) _

2 ,4 2 6

1 ,0 1 2
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _

—

187

1 01

55

45

190

90

47

23

44

-

7

_

-

-

_

7

_

_

_

_

_

7

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

152

155

162
8

^>6

164

59
42

11

255

_

156

440

iz

308

.9 6
1 .2 4

36

1 11

109

17

15

22
1

t r a d e ____________________________

167

1 .3 1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

55

16

25

8

18

21

R e t a i l t r a d e _______________________________ ___

357

.8 7

_

_

12

66

58

74

57

50

6

14

17

3

375

.8 4

214

16

10

98

31

6

617

1

163

4

14

-

ll5

i

1

48

2

6
8

W h o le s a le

J a n ito r s ,

p o rters,

1*414
,

134

.7 6
1 .0 6

483

.6 7

89
360

R e ta il tr a d e
F in a n c e * *

_____

9

5

2

1

15
-

77
55

14
-

15

22

14

338

1 .2 9

-

-

-

-

-

_

3

1 .1 4

_

1 .0 7

-

1 .3 4

281

1 .3 1

-

860

1 .3 6

_

,

_

596

(m e n )

tra d e

1 .3 5

252

3
1

714

_

_

312
90

1 .2 7

1.16

( w o m e n ) ____ ____ ___________

R e t a i l t r a d e __________________ ________________

"W

160

15
3
67

10
2
2

666
1

117

227

23

152

42

120

75

119
108

19

87
_

186
_

-

35

TT

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_
_

_

3

1
1

5

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

338

188

56

59

7

3

5

22

14

327

22

24

19

49

12

1

-

-

_

.

_

173

175

83

45

23

8

2

15

1

_

_

_

_

_

12

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

8
8

2
2

3
3

1
1

1
1

_

1
1

_

_

_

230
_
_
_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

159

68
162

55

77

14

33

10

124

96

161

50

152
71

32

12
11
6

81

5

49
15
34

15

7

61

11

61

34

4

6
1
1

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1.11

-

-

-

-

137

36

11

21

14

11

77

17

76

113

96

26

154

29

27

9

105

84

69

75

57

"

59

30

27

3

1

_

-

84
40

239

47

27

47

27

16

-

1

-

5
3

35

9

8
37

75
70

12
12

10

17

10

22
22
10

_

_

_

10

.

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

35

28

34

18

22

25

21

13

_

12
22

i

_

11

11

-

5

5

22
22

3

20

_

_

8
2
6

T r a n s p o r ta tio n

(e x c lu d in g

in s u r a n c e ,

_

_

_

-

_

2

_

27

23

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

17

13

15

17

-

-

-

-

-

_

3

-

4

13

15

9

8

9

O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e
r a ilr o a d s ),

and rea l e s ta te .




c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

Su rvey,

A t la n ta ,

a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
B u reau

2

2

19
3

G a .,

A p r il

2

7
-

22

23

16

13

14

-

3

9

9

2

1956
U .S .

o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

_

2
2

_

-

29
26

12

-

10

_

5

4

.

D E P A R TM E N T

O F

LABO R

1
2
2

1

_

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_
_

'

'

1

i
*

—r

17

1 .5 6

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b le .

3

5

1 .5 7

8

12

2

114

1 .5 1

1

5

98

164

59
49
38

_

_

-

-

-

63

_

15

_

R e t a i l t r a d e ___________________________________

87

~TW

3

-

1 .5 5

194

28
186

_

_

1 .5 5

214

_

-

85

775

722

5TT T

_

1 .3 3

173

4

4

717

272

217
7

_

1 .2 4

t r a d e ____________________________

61

440
”"2 2 7 ”

287

........................

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________ ____ ____ ________ _____
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_ _
...

6

_

1

1 .3 8
1 .2 5

7
3
4
4

2
2

-

_

1 .3 0

312

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

* * F in a n c e ,

_

19
1524

64

402

2
-

5

10

1. 3 6

.....

R e t a i l t r a d e _______________________________

W h o le s a le

16
8

19
77

.

1 ,1 4 1

____

M a n u fa c t u r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

c le r k s

21

1 .3 9
1 .7 7

____

.

W h o le s a le tr a d e
R e ta il tr a d e

R e c e iv in g

31

1 ,9 0 7

.

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________ _______________

s h ip p in g

7
7

733

_ ______

O rd e r fille r s

P a ck ers,

9
9

508

.

tra d e

W h o le s a le

359

930

...

s h ip p in g

359
-

31

3
-

R e ta il tr a d e

P a ck ers,

31
-

2

2 ,1 7 1

M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __
P u b lic u t il it ie s *

M a n u fa c tu r in g

2
-

8

1 .3 5

_______

m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g

8
-

.7 7
.6 3

4 ,0 7 8

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________
N n n m a n i.fa c t u r i n g

W h o le s a le

4

a n d c le a n e r s

( w o m e n ) _______________________________________________

L a b orers,

8

24

11

Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations - Continued
(Average hourly earnings 1 for selected occupations 2 studied on an area basis
in Atlanta, G a ., by industry division, A pril 1956)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

Shipping c l e r k s _______
M anufacturing_____
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade
Retail t r a d e ____
Shipping and receiving clerk s
M anufacturing____________
N onm anufacturing________
W holesale t r a d e _______
Retail t r a d e ____________

Number
of
workers

330
175
155
112
42

Average
earnings

$
1 .5 9
1 .6 4
1 .5 3
1 »6 >
1 .2 8

438
1 ??
261
94
91

1 .7 0
1 .7 7
1 .6 5
1 .6 9
1 .4 6

T ru ckd rivers 3 ____ _____ _______ ___
M anufacturing_____ ____________
N onm anufacturing______________
Public utilities * ____ ________
W holesale trade ________ ___
Retail t r a d e ---------------

3 ,2 6 5
769
2 ,5 5 6
1 ,4 9 3
419
553

1 .5 7
..... I ."55
1 .6 4
1 .8 9
1 .3 2
1 .2 5

T ru ck d rive rs, light
(under 1 Va tons)______________
M anufacturing_____ __ _______
N onm anufacturing____ ______
W holesale t r a d e __________
Retail t r a d e ______________

445
" " " ...... 7 4
371
108
122

1 .3 0
1 .4 4
1 .2 7
1 .1 5
1 .0 1

T ru ck d rivers, medium (1 l/z to
and including 4 t o n s )_________
M anufacturing___ ___________
N onm anufacturing___________
Public u t i l it i e s * _________
W holesale t r a d e ________ _
Retail t r a d e ______------------

1 ,9 9 0
457
1 ,5 3 3
1 ,0 1 8
261
250

1 .5 6
1 .2 2
1 .6 6
1 .8 9
1 .2 6
1 .1 5

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra ile r t y p e )____ _________ _______
M anufacturing_____ _______ _____
N onm anufacturing______ _______
Public utilities * ____________
T ru ck e rs, power (forklift)
M anufacturing____ ____
N onm anufacturing_____
W holesale t r a d e ____
Retail t r a d e ________
W atch m en______ ...
M anufacturing_____
N onm anufacturing___
P ublic utilities * _
W holesale t r a d e __
Retail trade ----------

432
105“
327
145

483
55F “
127
72
48

452
.......2 5 5 ”
197
49
45
36

1 .7 7
1 .4 9
1 .8 6
1 .9 1

1 .5 8
1 .6 5
1 .3 6
1 .3 1
1 .3 4

1 .1 9
1 .1 5
1 .2 6
1 .4 0
1 .4 1
1 .2 0

)
$
0 .3 0 0 .4 0
and
under
.4 0
.5 0

-

.

0 .6 0

$
0 .7 0

5
0 .8 0

$
0 .9 0

$
1 .0 0

S
1 .1 0

*
1 .2 0

S
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

<
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

*
2,. 1 0

.6 0

.7 0

.8 0

.9 0

1 .0 0

1 .1 0

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1,. 8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 ,. 2 0

_

-

_

_

_

20
4
16

31
13
18
11
7

37
22
15
8
7

31
12
19
18
1

19
5
14
11
3

42
29
13
12
1

38
13
25
24
1

13
12
1
_

15

34
22
12
7
5

35
12
23
9
14

44
22
22
11
11

14
-

20
-

26
6
20

14
3
11

20
3
1

18
5
15
11

58
25
33
18
4

32
17
15
3
8

14
1
13
3

55
24
31
1

-

81
?6
11
5
3

762
5 ll
451

114
45
71

49
1&
31
5
21
5

38
5l
7
-

95
15
80
13
4
15

1401
4
1397
1253
32
112

200
15
185
161
15
9

61
6l
10
_

3

85
54
51
29
4
15

2
-

21
18
3
-

28
1?
11
-

34
2
32
-

53
1
52
4

.

8
8
_
_

14
l5
1
_
_

46
45
1
-

34
21
13
_

31
14
17
13
_

$
0 .5 0

-

-

-

“

-

_

_

.

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

_

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_
-

_

2
-

59
-

37
-

2
-

59

37
-

-

-

_

6

-

49

19

208
234

28
43

117
28
89
1
42
46

41

28

107

66
19
47
32
15

29
7
22
1
10
11

30
5
25
5
18
2

20
20

7
6
1

_

-

“

-

-

2

_

.

_

2

-

-

_
-

-

2
-

-

41
-

-

-

-

2

-

33

28
6
10

107
53
45

34
9
25
10
15

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
-

18
-

9
-

-

-

2

18

9

606
291
315

51
25
26

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

“

-

16

9

155
160

18

-

_

_

20

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

id

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

b

-

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

■

-

-

1

_
-

3
-

3

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

12

19

_

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

1 Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
a Data lim ited to m en w ork ers except where otherwise indicated.
* Includes all d rivers reg ard less of size and type of truck operated.
* Transportation (excluding ra ilroa d s), com m unication, and other public u tilities.




26
-

2
2
-

_

S
2 .. 3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

2 .3 0

2 ,. 4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

over

_
_

_

_
.
_

_
_

and

_

-

_

2 .2 0

I

19

_

_

2
-

44
51
13
9
4

44
29
15
13
2

32
15
19
15
4

200
166
34
7
13
11

43
25
18

30
15
15
12

30
l6
14
7
2
5

-

_

3

-

3
1

-

150
136
14
7
-

_
_
-

1

13
1
12
11
1

13

10
10
_
_

3
1
2
2

3
3
_
_

1
1
_
-

10
-

1
-

5
-

1
-

1
1

7
3
4
4

15
-

10
4
6

15
4

5
5

1
1

_
_

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_

9

2
-

_

.
_

3

_
_

_

_
_

-

-

-

"

.

_

_

_

_

_
_

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

10

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

10

_

_

_

_

_

_

13
_

9
_

3
_
3

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

23
-

9
-

3
-

23
23

9
6
3

3
_

10

58
25
35
18
17

-

-

-

-

3

18

_

3
3

18
_

_

38
31
7

.
_
_

10
_

7

2

62
41
21
10
11

9
9

26
18
8
8

1

-

1
66
58
8

53
54

25

19
18
1

25
4
21

27

-

16

-

-

27
1

16
9
1

_

8

4
9

16
10
6

4

893
3
890
838
32
20

179
2
177
161
7

.

9

11
-

231
-

8
_

11

231
139

8

_
_

28
11
17

13

-

-

-

-

9
6

66
66
_

17
l6
1
1

.

26
22
4

_

14
14

_

_

_

99
9o
9
2

7
3
4
2
2

16
12
4

_

_

4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

1

1

2

_

1

1

_

_

_

2

_

1

1

_

_

_

_

4

39
18
21
11
10

2

_

12




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wag

Provisions

Table B-1: Shift Differential Provisions'
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g p lan t w o r k e r s —
(a)
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g
f o r m a l p r o v is io n s f o r —

S h ift d iffe r e n t ia l

S e co n d s h ift
w ork

7 1 .7

1 7 .6

5 .7

___________________________________

65. 6

6 6 .7

1 4 .0

4 .3

4 7 .7

2 8 .4

1 2 .9

2.0

___________________

_________

U n d er 5 ce n ts _______________________ ________________
5 c e n t s ____ ________ _____ _____ _________________ _
_______________ _______________________
6 c e n t s _______
7 o r 7V2 c e n ts ______ _______________ ______________
8 c e n ts ----------------- -------- __ _____ ____________________
9 ce n ts ________________________________________________ __
1 0 c e n t s __ __ __ ________
___________________________
1 0 % o r 1 0 % ce n ts ____ ____________ ________________
1 2 c e n ts _________________________________________________
15 c e n ts and o v e r _________ __ ____________ _________

5 p e r c e n t ________

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

7 9 .4

U n ifo r m ce n ts (p e r h o u r)

U n ifo r m p e r c e n ta g e

S e co n d s h ift

..............................

T o t a l ....... ...................... .........................................

W ith s h ift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l

T h ird o r o th e r
sh ift w o r k

(b)
A c t u a lly w o r k in g on —

_________

_______

____

__ __ __ ------------------

_______ _

-------------------

7 lf z p e r c e n t ----------------------------------------------------------------- _
1 0 p e r c e n t -----------------------------------------------------------------------F u ll d a y 1s p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s _____ __ _____________
F u ll d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d
h o u rs p lu s ce n ts d i f f e r e n t i a l ______ __ __ __ _________
P a id lu n ch p e r i o d n ot
g iv e n f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s _______________________________

N o s h ift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l ------------------

-------- ------------------------

5 .5

_

6.2

9 .8

2 .7
2 .3
2. 6
.9
4 .0
2. 7

1.0
1.0

1.6

.9

3 .6

.6
. 1

1.6

-

_

.9
. 1
.3
.5
. 1
.

20.2
.6

3 .7
5 .3
1 .4
1 .4

1 6 .2

1 4 .5

.3

.1

1 4 .6
1. 6
-

.8

.2
.1

-

. 1
-

1 .9

_

.3

20.2

_

1 .9

_

2.1
11.6

.2

.7
8 .4
-

t

.1

1 .7

1 .7

.8

. 1

13. 8

5 .0

3 .6

1 .4

1
S hift d iffe r e n t ia l d ata a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f (a) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o l ic y , and (b) w o r k e r s a c t u a lly e m p lo y e d o n la te
s h ifts at the tim e o f the s u r v e y . A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d as h a vin g a p o l ic y i f it m e t e ith e r o f the fo llo w in g c o n d i ­
t io n s : ( l ) O p e r a te d la te s h ifts at the tim e o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) had f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts ,
f L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t.

O ccu p a tio n a l W age S u rv e y , A tla n ta , G a . , A p r i l 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S ta t is t ic s

13

Table B-2: Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office Workers1
Num ber o f esta blishm ents with s p e c ifie d m inim um hiring rate in—

Num ber o f establishm ents with s p e c ifie d m inim um hiring rate in—

B ased on standard w eek ly hours 2 of—

A ll
industr ie s

191

60

XXX

A ll
schedules

131

37 y .

38 V.

XXX

XXX

A ll
schedules

40

XXX

191

......... __

60

90

21

18

69

9

8

48

94

_
3
50
13
10
4
5
3
1

_
_
_
5
3
5
1
1
2
1
-

_
_
3
43
10
4
3
4
_
1
-

_
_
2
6
-

1

_
7
3
6
1
1
2
1
-

_
_
1
5
.
1
1
_
_
"

_
_
_
31
9
1
2
3
1
_
1

1
1
1
8
53
8
7
4
5
_
3
1
2

_
10
2
5
_
1
2
1
-

E sta blish m en ts having no
s p e c ifie d m inim um

30

15

XXX

15

XXX

XXX

XXX

52

28

E sta blish m en ts which did not
e m p loy w o r k e rs in this c a t e g o r y ____

70

24

XXX

46

XXX

XXX

XXX

44

1

-

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

$ 3 0 .0 0
$ 3 2 .5 0
$ 3 5 .0 0
$ 3 7 .5 0
$ 4 0 .0 0
$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

Data not ava ilab le

2

$ 3 2 .5 0
$ 3 5 .0 0
$ 3 7 .5 0
$ 4 0 .0 0
$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0

_________
_________
_________
_________
_________
_________
_ _
_________
_________
_________
________
_
____

_

1

1
_
_
_
_
-

40

XXX

A ll
schedules

37 Va

131

XXX

40

XXX

XXX

FOR OTHER IN EXPERIENCED C L E R IC A L WORKERS

FOR INEXPERIENCED TYPISTS

E sta blish m en ts having a
s p e c ifie d m in im u m

B ased on standard w eekly h o u r s 2 o f—

A ll
in d ustries

ro

_______________

40

Nonm anufacturing

00

A ll
schedules

E sta blish m en ts studied

M anufactur ing

Nonm anufacturing

Manufactur ing
M inim um rate
(w eekly s a la ry )

21

18

73

10

8

52

_

_
_
_
8
1
5
_
1
2
1
-

1
1
1
8
43
6
2
4
4
1
_
2

4
4
2
_
_
_
-

_
4
2
1
_
_
1
-

1
1
1
_
35
2
2
4
3
1
2

XXX

24

XXX

XXX

XXX

11

XXX

33

XXX

XXX

XXX

-

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

L ow est s a la ry rate fo r m a lly e sta b lish ed fo r hiring in ex perien ced w o rk e rs fo r typing o r other c le r ic a l jo b s .
H ours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em p loy ees re c e iv e their regular stra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s . Data a re p resen ted fo r a ll w orkw eeks com b in ed , and fo r the m o st com m on workw eeks rep orted .




O c c u p a t io n a l W age S u r v e y , A tla n ta , G a . , A p r i l 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is tic s

14

Table B-3: Scheduled Weekly Hours
PERCENT OF OFFICE W ORKERS1EM PLOYED IN—

W eekly hours
A ll w o rk e rs __ __

__________

All
,
industries2

- — -----

35 hours __ __ —
__ ____ _ - — - - O ver 35 and under
h o u r s _________________
3 7 Vs ho Ur S
„
.r-.i.-r-.-.i I .
I
38 hours _ _______
_ — —
_
—
- ---383 i hours „ __________ _ ___ — _ — _
/
40 hours __ __ _____
_ ----------Over 40 and under 43 h o u r s __ _ _____ _
43 hours ____________________
44 hours _ „ _ _ _ ___
_
_ ---45 hours ________________ ____ __ ________________
O ver 45 and under 48 h o u r s ___
__- __
48 hours __ __ --------------- -------- — — - 49 hours „ __ ----- -------- _ ____ ___ _ __
50 hours
n.......
.
_ _„
...,
Over 50 hours
--------- ---------

Manufacturing

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

t
t

9

-

-

-

3

17

6

Public
utilities*

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

-

_
-

3

4

_

_
_
_

70
3
3
ir
i

86

58

t

t

-

t

t

6

9

10

10

-

61

Manufacturing

3

o

All
,
industries'*
100

100

t
t

12

17
t

.

t

-

Finance**

-

Services

-

66

88

27

3
77

82

t

t

t

t

t

t

t

t

t

5

-

t

-

32
52

-

10

T

t
t
t
t

r„ Trm
,mm
r

1
2
3
t
*
**

PER C E N T OF PLA N T W O R K E R S EM PLO YED IN —

Public
utilities *

-

-

-

-

t

-

-

t

t

-

-

~

t

-

t

-

1.

t

-

-

.

-

68
6

51
6

3
-

5
15

t

-

25

-

-

.

_
-

t

-

-

t

-

t

-

6

t

Services

t

7

t

9

Data rela te to w om en w ork ers only.
Includes data fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown sep a ra tely.
Includes data fo r rea l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown sepa ra tely,
L e s s than 2. 5 p ercen t.
T ra n sp ortation (exclu d in g r a ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
F in a n ce, in su ra n ce, and re a l estate.

Table B-4: Paid Holidays1
PERCENT OP OFFICE W ORKERS EM PLOYED I N -

PER C E N T OF PLA N T W O R K E R S E M PLOYED IN —

Item
Manufacturing

A ll w o r k e r s ____________________________
in establishm ents providing
paid holidays
L e ss than 3 holidays _
_
3 holidays
F u ll days only
P lus 1 half day .
4 holidays
F ull days only .
P lus 1 half day .
5 holidays _________________
F ull days o n l y _________
P lus 1 naif day .
6 holidays ________
Full days only
P lus 1 naif day .
P lus 2 half days
P lus 3 half days _
_
7 holidays
F ull days o n l y ___________
Plus 1 half day __
Plus 2 half days
8 holidays _________
F ull days only
Plus 2 naif d a y s _________
9 holidays ___________________
10 holidays
F ull days only .
Plus 1 half d a y __________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid holidays _____________________

Public .
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Financed*

Services

All
,
industries

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
-

100
-

100
-

100

100
-

83

-

-

-

3
3

Manufacturing

100

Public ^
utilities *
100

Wholesale
trade
100

Retail trade

Services

100

W orkers

t
t

t

t
t

t
t

t
t

3l

31
6
35
29
t

5
t

16
14
t

22
22

69
60

-

10

4

t
t

10

9

2?

27
-

63
63

-

36
36
56
51
_

5
8
8

t
t
t
t
t

93
60
33
3
3
_

12

4
-

8

-

t
3

3

78
t
4
4
*
t
t

94

-

-

-

-

14
14

18
18

40
40

3$
30

52
38

43
43

45
37
5

t

8

t

-

14

_
-

37
37

6
6

3

4

t

t

t
t

_

3
8
8

1

2$
25

t
t

99

3
(J
28

12

-

i

-

39
35
4

t

17

4

t

t

-

-

*

-

4
4

-

t

-

-

-

-

17

t

93
3
4
4
.

6
4
7!
71
7
t
t

_
.
_
-

t
t

t

-

*

-

22

t

6

7

•
-

1 E stim ates rela te to full-day holidays p rov id ed annually, as in e a r lie r stu dies. T hese a re furth er divided between w o rk e rs who r e c e iv e m e r e ly the in d ica ted num ber o f full-d ay holid a ys,
those who re c e iv e 1 o r m ore half holidays in addition.
2 Includes data fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown sepa ra tely.
3 Includes data fo r rea l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown sepa ra tely.
t L e s s than 2. 5 p ercen t.
O ccupation al W age S u rv ey, Atlanta, Ga. , A p ril 1956
♦ T ra n sp ortation (exclu din g r a ilro a d s ), com m u n ica tion , and public u tilitie s.
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF LA BO R
* * F in a n ce, in su ra n ce, and rea l esta te.
B ureau o f L a b o r S ta tistics




and

15

Table B-5: Paid Vacations
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED I N -

V acation p o lic y

A ll w o r k e rs

PERCENT OF PLA N T W ORKERS EM PLO YED IN —
All
,
industries

All
.
industries1

__________________________________________________

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99

99
99
t

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

96
84
12

95
75
19

100
98

t

100
100
-

94
94
-

97
97
-

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

5

-

6

3

_
55

_
51

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

F inance**

Services

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

METHOD O F PA YM E N T
W o rk e rs in e sta b lish m en ts p rovid in g
paid vacation s
L e n g th -o f-tim e paym ent
P e rce n ta g e paym ent
__
__
Othe r _______ __________ _____ _____ _____ ______________
W o rk e rs in esta b lish m en ts p rovid in g
no paid va cations

t

t

t

AMOUNT O F VACATION P A Y
A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek _
1 w eek ___ _____
...
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks
_
2 w eeks __________

_
... _

___

_

_

_

22

21

48

13

t

_

_

_

... _

78

79

52

87

Under 1 w eek
1 w eek ________________________________________________________
O v er 1 and under 2 w eeks _____________________________
2 w eek s
___
_ _
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ____________________________

_
7
t
90
t

_

12

_
10

-

-

_

87
-

90
-

95
-

_
4

_

_

_

7

t

t
t

_

57
t

_
4
_

41

96

_

_

5

6
4
84
6

_
4

t
1
j

_

_

61

64

56

f
33

_

_

_

29

44

40

46

_
42
15
38
-

_
28

_

19

t

A fte r 2 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e

_

96
-

t

35
11
48
t

_

4

72
-

72
-

.
15
7
67
8

_

_
11
5
79
-

.
10
4
75
8

6

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek ___________________________________
1 w eek ____
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks _____________________
2 w eeks _________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks
____

t

-

92
3

93
-

t

_
3

t

100
-

95
-

_
4
4
85
6

91
5

_
4
_

t

_
32
7
56
-

t
10

12

t

t

t

24
5
65

t

99
-

A fte r 5 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek
_ _
1 w eek
_ ____ _ _
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks _____________________
2 w eeks
________ ___ ________ _________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w eek s
___
_
_.

92
3
3

.

_

_

_

t
t

3

_

_
_

t

_
_

96

97

90

84

3

6

12

t

See footnotes at end o f tab le.
* T ra n sp ortation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
** F in a n ce, in su ra n ce, and re a l esta te.




NOTE:

t

95
5

_

79

80

t

t

3

97

85

4
6
70

3

t

15

_
_

t

t

Occupational Wage S urvey, Atlanta, G a ., A p ril 1956
U .S . D EPARTM EN T OF LABOR
Bureau o f L abor Statistics

In the tabulations o f vacation a llow a n ces by y e a rs o f s e r v ic e , paym ents other than "length o f tim e, "
such as percen tage of annual ea rn in gs o r fla t-s u m p aym ents, w ere co n verted to an equivalent tim e
b a sis; fo r exam ple, a paym ent o f 2 p ercen t o f annual earnings was co n sid e re d as 1 week*s pay.

16

Table B-5: Paid Vacations - Continued
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
V acation p o lic y

A ll w o r k e rs

_________ __ __ ________

All
industries*

_______

M
anufacturing

100

100

3
81
15

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

93
_
7

87
4
6

.
17
83
■

42
56
“

Public
utilities ♦

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Finance **

100

Services

A
H ,
industries1
2

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

6
.
83
4

4
52
14
26

.
_
15
85
“

6
51
37
~

4
.
39
53
"

6
41
47
-

4
39
38
16

4

AMOUNT O F VACATION P A Y - Continued

A fter 10 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
__ ___________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks _____________________
2 weeks
__
___
__ __
___
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks _____________________
3 weeks
_ _ ____
„
__ ____ ___

t

85
3
11

t

3
65
13
18

92
t

7

9
t

63
11
11

10
t

62
15
6

79
_
21

t

A fte r 15 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
! w e e k ___________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s __
__ __ _ __
2 w eeks
......
3 w eeks __
_
_ __ _ _ _ _ _ _______ __
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks ______ __ ____________

t

37
61

3
66
31

t

t

3
26
70
■

.
26
73

3
24
57
16

.
21
70
5
4

3
_
24
15
58

_
21
35
44

9

t

t

10
t

44
41
~

48
35
"

9

10

t

t

A fte r 20 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ________________________ _ ------ ----------O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks
__ _____ ______ _
2 weeks __ _ __ ____ __ _ __ __ __ _ — __
3 weeks _
_ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks _____________________
4 weeks and o v er
________ _____ __ _________

t

33
60
t

3

3
66
31
-

9
87
.
4

t

_
35
62
-

43
38
5

48
35
-

10
72
.
18

9

10

.

6

t

t

-

—

_

39
42
8

39
21
32

A fte r 25 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w*„lc
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks ____ __ __ ____ _
2 w eeks _ __ __ ______________ __ ____ _____
3 w eeks _______ _________ __ _____________________
4 w eeks and o v e r _____________________ - _________

1
2
f
*
**

t

33
43
22

3
_
66
30
t

_
9
87
4

t

_
33
48
17

Includes data fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown sep a ra te ly .
Includes data fo r re a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d iv isio n s shown sep a ra tely,
L e s s than 2 .5 p e rce n t.
T ransp ortation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m u n ica tion , and other public u tilitie s .
F in a n ce, in su ra n ce, and rea l esta te.




43
34
9

48
34
t

10
72
18

Services

17

Table B-6: Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF PLANT W ORKERS EM PLO YED IN—

Type o f plan
AU
,
Industries

AU

w o r k e r s ___________________________________________________

Manufacturing

PubUc
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Fin an ce**

Services

AU
2
industries

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

99

100

94

92

100

52

70

38

60

17

53

70
38

78
74

89
45

81
36

77

57

10

21

42

61

20

52

12

14
81
80
45
30
84

3
95
92
65
44
79

43
47
47
28

10

89

83
81
46
14
78

56
88
88
28
40
82

t

t

“

-

t

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

93

97

100

94

87

53

67

49

50

28

72
58

79
79

89
55

69
45

62

51

18

21

5

24

16

-

12

87
85
48
41
92

83
82
47

t
96
94
57

46
63
63
31

9
73
71
28

22
62

-

6

60

90

54

31
79
79
40
14
58

"

5

4

-

3

Services

5

W o rk e rs in esta b lish m en ts prov id in g :
L ife in surance
__
A ccid e n ta l death and d ism em berm en t
in surance
__
_ . _
S ickn ess and a ccid en t insurance
o r s ic k lea ve o r b o th 3 __
________
S ickness and a ccid en t in s u r a n c e _________
Sick lea ve (full pay and no
waiting p e riod )
Sick lea ve (partial pay o r
waiting p e rio d )
H ospita liza tion insu ra n ce _
_ —
S urg ical in surance
M e d ica l in s u r a n c e _____________________ _____
C atastrophe in surance _____
R etire m e n t p ension
No health, in su ra n ce, o r p ension
p l a n __
1
2
3
t
*
**

6

Inclu des data fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry division s shown sep a ra te ly .
Inclu des data fo r re a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown sep a ra te ly .
U nduplicated total o f w o r k e rs r e c e iv in g s ick leave o r sick n ess and a ccid en t insurance shown sepa ra tely b e lo w ,
L e s s than 2 .5 p e r c e n t.
T ra n sp ortation (exclu din g r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s .
F in a n ce, in su ra n ce, and re a l e s ta te .




16

18

O ccupational Wage S urvey, A tlanta, G a ., A p ril 1956
U .S . DEPARTM EN T OF LABOR
B ureau o f L a b or Statistics




19

A pp end ix: Job Descriptions

T h e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to
a s s i s t its f ie ld s t a ff in c la s s if y in g in to a p p r o p r ia t e o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r
a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o ll t itle s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h m e n t
a n d f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is is e s s e n t ia l in o r d e r to p e r m i t th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e
r a t e s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b le j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is o n in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t and
i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ili t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n t e n t , the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i ­
c a n t ly f r o m th o s e in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In
a p p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c r ip t i o n s , the B u r e a u 's fie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s a r e in s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w o r k ­
in g s u p e r v i s o r s , a p p r e n t ic e s , l e a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , t r a i n e e s , h a n d ic a p p e d w o r k e r s , p a r t - t i m e ,
t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

Office
B IL L E R ,

M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , an d in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o t h e r
th an an o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r . M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s
a s to b illin g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in ­
c id e n t a l to b i llin g o p e r a t i o n s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s ,
m a c h in e , a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o llo w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) - U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g
m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E llio t t F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h
a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g an d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s an d
i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d a , e t c .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a t io n
o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s an d e n tr y o f
n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n ot be c o m p u te d o n the
b i llin g m a c h in e , an d t o t a ls w h ich a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e d
b y m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b e r o f
c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o fte n d on e on a
fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) - U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e (S u n d s tra n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h
m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s '
b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n .
G e n e r a lly
in v o lv e s th e s im u lt a n e o u s e n tr y o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r
record .
T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e s fig u r e s on a
n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u te s and u s u a lly p r in ts a u t o ­
m a t i c a l l y th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a la n c e s . D o e s not in v o lv e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n ifo r m and s ta n d a r d ty p e s o f
s a le s an d c r e d i t s l i p s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l lio t t
F i s h e r , S u n d s tra n d , B u r r o u g h s , N a tio n a l C a sh R e g is t e r , w ith o r w it h ­
o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .




B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

O P E R A T O R - C o n tin u e d

C la s s A - K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f
an d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s an d f a m ilia r i t y w ith
th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t ic u la r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e te r­
m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r ib u t io n o f d e b it an d c r e d i t it e m s
to b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d
r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , an d o t h e r r e c o r d s b y h an d.
C la s s B - K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t io n s
o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k ­
k e e p in g .
P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n ot in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d
u n d e r b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in ­
v e n to ry c o n t r o l, e tc .
M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r ia l
b a la n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n tin g d e p a r tm e n t.
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C la s s A - U n d er g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t ­
a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r k e e p in g on e o r m o r e s e c t io n s o f a c o m ­
p le t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to on e p h a s e o f an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t 's b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s . W o r k in v o lv e s p o s t in g and b a la n c in g
s u b s id i a r y l e d g e r o r l e d g e r s s u c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c ­
c o u n ts p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g and c o d in g in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith
p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r ib u t io n ; r e q u ir e s ju d g m e n t and e x p e r i e n c e
in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s ig n a t io n s and a l l o c a t i o n s .
M a y a s s i s t in
p r e p a r in g , a d ju s t in g , an d c l o s i n g jo u r n a l e n t r ie s ; m a y d ir e c t c l a s s
B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .
C la s s B - U n d er s u p e r v i s io n , p e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e r o u tin e
a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s s u c h a s p o s t in g s im p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s ,
a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s ; e n te r in g v o u c h e r s in v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ;
r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; p o s t in g s u b s id i a r y le d g e r s c o n t r o ll e d
b y g e n e ra l le d g e r s .
T h is jo b d o e s n ot r e q u ir e a k n o w le d g e o f
a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s but is fou n d in o f f i c e s in
w h ic h the m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t in g w o r k is s u b d iv id e d on a f u n c ­
tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .

20
C L E R K ,

F IL E

K E Y -P U N C H

C la s s

A

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R e s p o n s ib le

sy ste m .

C la s s ifie s

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or

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M ay

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b ilitie s ,
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C la s s

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C L E R K ,-

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check

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an

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up

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M ay

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o th e r

C o m p to m e te r

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p le te d

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d u p lic a te

cards

K eeps

file s

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by

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seq u en ce,
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o th e rs.

d u tie s

su ch

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s e a le r s

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r e c e iv in g

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r o u tin e

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m a c h in e
on a

o ffic e ;
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tr a n s c r ib in g
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on

file s

O P E R A T O R

(M IM E O G R A P H

OR

general

reprodu ces

u sin g

a

su ch

or

m u ltip le

m im e o g r a p h

as

r e q u ir e d
s te n c ils

s u p e r v is io n

fo r

to

in k

and

p rep are

d itto

m a te r ia l.




or

c o p ie s
d itto

paper

s te n c il

m a ste rs.

and

w ith
of

or

M akes

co u n ter

and

d itto m a s t e r .
so rt,

c o lla te ,

or

h a n d w r itte n

c y lin d e r
and

(s e e

copy.

reco rd s,

th is

M ay

e tc .

or

m ore

m a c h in e ,
d ic ta tio n
a ls o

D oes

t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e

set
not

p erso n s,

in v o lv in g
on
up

a

a

ty p e ­

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keep
tra n ­

o p e r a to r ).

d u ty

is

or

to

by

ta k e

s p e c ia liz e d

order,

ty p e

and

fro m

keep

or
to

su ch

as

copy.

reco rd s,

or

m ore

m a c h in e ,

tr a n s c r ib e

w r itte n

s im p le

one

s im ila r

v o c a b u la r y

research

a ls o

d ic ta tio n fr o m

ste n o ty p e

in

le g a l

th is

M ay

e tc .

p erson s,

in v o lv in g
b r ie fs

d ic ta tio n

a ls o

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set
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on

up

a
or
a

and

in c lu d e

w ork .

O P E R A T O R

resp on ­

n ecessary

M ay

to tr a n s c r ib e

w r itte n

one

s im ila r

D IT T O )

s u p e r v is o r y

ty p e w ritte n

m a c h in e .

fe e d

M ay

no

fr o m

s c ie n tific
in

and

or

T E C H N IC A L

or

M ay

d ic ta tio n fr o m

ste n o ty p e

s im p le

w ork

sh o rth a n d

ty p e w r ite r .

to ta k e

by

keep

ST E N O G R A P H E R ,

jo b

is

or

v o c a b u la r y ,

order,

S W IT C H B O A R D
U nder

not

of

r o u tin e

e x e c u tiv e

and

d ic ta tio n

w ork ers'

c a lc u la te d

d u tie s.

D U P L IC A T I N G -M A C H I N E

Is

w ork

s e c r e ta r ia l an d

or

phone

m a il,

ta k in g

keep

u sed

k e y -p u n c h

M ay

m a c h in e .

m a c h in e s

m a il,

tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e

ju s tm e n t

s p e c ifie d

a

th e n e c e s ­

C a lc u la tin g

p o stin g

p a y m a ster

o p e ra te

T h is

ty p e

b u t,

of

in v o lv e :

e n te rs

record s;

in s u r a n c e ,

a ssist

and

O P E R A T O R

P r im a r y

p e rfo r m a n c e

fo r

and

e n v e lo p e s .

or

D u tie s

in fo r m a tio n

d e d u c tio n s

C O M P T O M E T E R

s ta tis tic a l

sh e e ts.

e m p lo y e e s

o r p r o d u c tio n

sh o w in g

paych ecks
pay

of com pany

p a y r o ll

on tim e

sh e e t,

tim e ,

m a tte r,

r e s p o n s i­

ta b u la tin g

P A Y R O L L

e a r n in g s

a

in

card s

n u m e r ic a l

v a r io u s

o ffic e

ST E N O G R A P H E R ,

m a tic a l

or

s u p e r io r ;

m a k in g

sh o rth a n d

C o m p u tes

d ays,

on

G IR L

P e rfo r m s
a d m in is tr a tiv e

tio n o r th e

m ake

s u p e r v is o r y

th e

in

to

no

d a ta

record s.

a tta ch e d

OR

m in o r

M ay p rep are

sary

a

a n d 'w i t h
s ta tis tic a l

SE C R E T A R Y

ord ers

been

in v o ic e s

to

de­

ord ers.

C L E R K ,

h o le s

or

on

w ork

d is tr ib u tin g

a n d q u a n titie s

to

r e c e ip t

of

and

m a ­

c le r ic a l

m a te r ia l

in v o lv e

c u sto m e rs;

up th e

sh e e t;

r a tin g

c u sto m e rs,

orders

p e r s o n a lly .

order

c r e d it
of

p e rfo r m

u s u a lly
or

s e r ie s

a lp h a b e tic a l

w r itte n

o p e r a tin g

ite m s

p a rtm e n ts

file

filin g ,

lo c a te s

a

a c c o u n tin g

P e r fo r m s

Q u o tin g

th e

ite m s

m in e

M ay

or

O R D ER

phone,

lis tin g

r o u tin e

c la s s ifie d ,

file s .

R e c e iv e s
m a il,

P e rfo r m s

been

g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n

record s

d u p lic a tin g
has

O P E R A T O R

keep
s ta p le

ad ­

sp eed .
file

of

com ­

O p e ra tes
D u tie s
c a lls .
m a tio n
F or

in v o lv e
M ay
to

record

p erson s

w ork ers

r e c e p tio n is t.

a s in g le -

h a n d lin g

who

to ll

w ho
a ls o

o r m u ltip le -p o s it io n

in c o m in g ,
c a lls

c a ll
act

and

in ,
as

or

o u tg o in g ,
ta k e

te le p h o n e

and

m essa g e s.

o c c a s io n a lly

r e c e p tio n is ts

see

s w itc h b o a r d .

in tr a p la n t

ta k e

M ay

or

o ffic e

g iv e

in fo r ­

t e le p h o n e

s w itc h b o a r d

o rd ers.

o p e ra to r-

21
S W IT C H B O A R D

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T

In a d d i t io n
tio n

or

ty p e

to p e r fo r m in g

m o n it o r -t y p e

or

p e rfo r m

T h is

ty p in g

tim e

w h ile

or

d u tie s

s w itc h b o a r d ,

r o u tin e

of

a c ts

c le r ic a l

on a

r e c e p tio n is t

as

c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e

at

o p e ra to r,

as

w ork

T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E

part

m a jo r

of

s in g le

and

r e g u la r

part of

p o s i­

m ay

th is

a ls o

in c lu d e d .
or

A

w orker

s im ila r

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H IN E
O p era tes

O P E R A T O R

in

groups

or

a c c o u n tin g

of

p lu g b o a r d s

o p e ra te

p la c e s

M ay

file

a u x ilia r y

cards

to

cards

of

a n a ly z e s

ta b u la tin g
record s;

cards
se ts

a c c o r d in g

b e ta b u la te d

a fte r

th e y

out

M ay

a u to m a tic a lly

fo r m s

on

d ia g r a m s ;

m a c h in e .

th a t

w ir in g

s im p le

or

m a c h in e

punched

does

and

or

to

and

p r in ts

a d ju s ts

ta b u la te d .

M ay,

tr ib u tin g

w ork

in c o m in g
C la s s

and

sta rts

in g

A

a d d itio n ,

fr o m

and

-

P r im a r y

s c r ib in g
la r y

d u ty

w r itte n
as

is

to

fro m
copy

d ic ta tio n

su ch

G E N E R A L

and

in v o lv in g

le g a l

tr a n s c r ib e

tr a n s c r ib in g

b r ie fs

do
a

s im p le

v a r ie d

or

d ic ta tio n
m a c h in e
c le r ic a l

te c h n ic a l

re p o rts

on

in v o lv in g

a

record s.
w ork.

or

D R A F T S M A N ,

W orkers

u se

of

la y o u t

p o ses.
pare
under

U ses

to

C la s s

v a r io u s
fro m

d ir e c tio n

u n its

o r p a rts

of

ty p e s

s im p le
a

of

of

d r a ftin g

p la n s

d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d

c o n s tr u c tio n ,
or

to o ls

or
as

sk e tc h e s,

or p e rfo r m

a n d

lim in a r y

M ay
o th e r

p u r­

and

a

fo r

in v o lv e

sk e tc h e s,

p r o c e d u r e s ; a s s ig n in g
p e r fo r m in g

m ore

and

and

a

to

or

one

of

m ore

th e

M ay

or

d r a fts m e n
rough

in

p re ­

In te r p r e tin g

d e te r m in in g

an d in s p e c tin g
a ssist

or

m a n u fa c tu r in g

fo llo w in g :

verbal ord ers;

s u b o r d in a te s

p r o b le m s .

or

d r a w in g s fr o m

c o n s tr u c tio n ,

c o m b in a tio n

w r itte n

d u tie s

of

d e ta il

e n g in e e r in g ,

d iffic u lt




B

-

m ore

or

tr a in in g ,

re p o rts

or

su ch

or

to

p erson .
as

s o r tin g

m ore

of

rough

a n d in v o lv e d

copy
and

in

th e

w h ic h

u n u su al

m a te r ia l

keep­

and

w ord s

d is ­

fo r m

is

fr e q u e n t
fo r e ig n -

sou rces,

to

or

m a in ta in

fro m

le tte r s ,

copy­

a

fr o m

or

ta b le s

T y p in g

d r a ft;

several

ty p in g t a b le s

r o u tin e

fo llo w in g :

th e re

fr o m

s ta tis tic a l

s p a c in g ;

P e rfo r m s
c le a r

one

or

e t c .;

or

m ore

ty p e d

of

rou gh

v a r y in g

u n i­

d r a f t in

d e ta ils

to

th e

fo llo w in g :

T y p in g

r o u tin e

d r a fts ;

se ttin g up

c o m p le x ta b le s

L E A D E R
or

as

s u p e r v is o r y

D R A F T SM A N ,

a

or

-

ty p in g

fo r m s ,

s im p le

a lr e a d y

sta n d a rd

se t up

and

of

ta b u la tio n s ,

sp aced

or

p r o p e r ly .

C o n tin u e d

r e g u la r

a s s ig n m e n t,

a d m in is tr a tiv e

or

p e rfo r m

r e la te d

d u tie s

n a tu re .

S E N IO R

P rep ares
rou gh

a c tiv itie s

p la n s

D u tie s

b lu e p r in ts ,

in

ty p e

w o r k in g

d e ta ile d

sk e tc h e s

or

p u rp oses.

th e ir

s u b o r d in a te s

w ork
w ork ;
d u r in g

s c a le

tio n s

by

su ch

tru sses;

as

of

be

or

changes

u sed ,

on

p e n c il

d r a w in g s,

a r c h ite c tu r a l,

or

e le c tr ic a l,

a

is

in

w r itin g

m ap s,

m a k in g

stre n g th

w ork ,

d r a w in g s

of

c h e c k in g
M ay

u n its

of

of

n o te s,

or

th e

m anu­

fo llo w in g :

c r o s s -s e c t io n s ,
e n g in e e r in g

m a te r ia ls ,

in k

m a k in g
in

fr e q u e n tly

in

a

s p e c ia liz e d

m e c h a n ic a l,

or

stru ctu ra l

and

m a te r ia ls

a d ju s tm e n ts

lin e s

c o m p le te

e t c .,

c o m p u ta ­

beam s

d im e n s io n s ,

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

d e ta il

fro m

c o n s tr u c tio n ,

c o m b in a tio n

s p e c ific a tio n s .

prep are

W ork

d e ta il

in s tr u m e n ts ;

in v o lv e d

d r a w in g s

d r a w in g s.

in v o lv e

c o m p le te d

an d q u a n titie s ;
in

and

e n g in e e r in g ,

d e ta il d r a w in g s ,

d r a ftin g

th o se

v e r ify in g

to

tra c e

u se

p la n s
fo r

D u tie s

P r e p a r in g w o r k in g p la n s ,

d ir e c ts

m a te r ia l
a n o th e r

T e c h n i c a l

d u tie s

L E A D E R

o f w o r k in g

by

p re ­

d r a fts m a n .

sk e tc h e s

p u rp oses.

ste n o ty p e

by d r a fts ­

to
P la n s

M ay

c o p y in g

not

fa c tu r in g

p r e p a r a tio n

by

g e n e r a l.

v a r io u s

m ade

s p e c ia l

very

c o rre cte d

b a la n c e

in s u r a n c e p o lic ie s ,

m a n u fa c tu r in g
r e q u ir e d .

of

been

and

c o m p lic a te d

are

e m e r g e n c ie s

e n g in e e r in g ,

one

fr o m

te c h n ic a l

of

r e la tiv e ly

D R A F T SM A N ,

s c a le

fo r

d r a w in g s

D R A F T SM A N ,

or

c ir c u m s ta n c e s .

fr o m

of
D raw s

c o p ie s

little

c o m b in in g

vocabu­

research

d r a fts m a n )

o th e rs

and

fo rm .

a ls o
tra n ­

J U N IO R

(A s s is ta n t

or

sh o rth a n d

n orm al

M ay

s p e c ia liz e d

s c ie n tific

fo r m

or

copy;

fin a l

P r o f e s s i o n a l

m an

in

ste n o g ra p h e r,

have

records

P e rfo r m s

fin a l

v a r ie d

su it
v o c a b u la r y

m ake

in v o lv in g
filin g

p la in

fo r m ity

fro m

a

m a il.

la n g u a g e

O P E R A T O R ,

to

c a lc u la tio n s

record s,

m a t e r i a l in

m a c h in e s .

T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E

ty p e

as

tra n s­

p r a c tic e

in

ty p e w r ite r
a fte r

c le r ic a l

s im p le

m a c h in e ;

e s ta b lis h e d

in f e e d m a g a z i n e

are

tr a n s la t e s

do

a

b ills

p la n n in g

r o u tin e

d ic ta tio n

C o n tin u e d

T Y P IS T

in g

d a ta

ta k e s

c la s s ifie d

-

s w itc h b o a r d .
U ses

la te d

is

G E N E R A L

d u tie s.

w o rk er’s

m ake

in fo r m a tio n

w ho

m a c h in e

O P E R A T O R ,

and

le tte r s

d ra w in g s ,

or

fie ld

as

d r a ftin g .

su ch

22
N U R SE,

IN D U S T R IA L
A

r e g is te r e d

e m p lo y e e s
th e

or

o th e r

p r e m is e s

of

c o m b in a tio n

n u rse

w ho

p erson s

a

of

fa c to ry

th e

N U R SE ,

(R E G IS T E R E D )
g iv e s

n u r s in g

w ho becom e

or

o th e r

fo llo w in g :

ill

s e r v ic e

or

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

G iv in g

fir s t

to i l l o r

su ffe r

a id

an

D u tie s

to

th e

ill

e n v ir o n m e n t,

in ju r e d

a c c id e n t

sa fe ty

on

in v o lv e

or

IN D U S T R IA L

of

or

a ll

(R E G IS T E R E D )

o th e r

a c tiv itie s

-

C o n tin u e d

a ffe c tin g

th e

h e a lth ,

w e lfa r e ,

and

p e r s o n n e l.

a
T R A C E R

in ju r e d ;

a tte n d in g to

s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' in ju r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s

of

tre a te d ;

p a tie n ts

o th e r p u r p o s e s ;
of

a p p lic a n ts

in v o lv in g

p r e p a r in g

a c c id e n t

re p o rts

fo r

c o m p e n s a tio n

c o n d u c tin g p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s an d h e a lth

and

e m p lo y e e s ;

h e a lth

e d u c a tio n ,

a n d p la n n in g
a c c id e n t

and

c a r r y in g

p r e v e n tio n ,

out

e v a lu a tio n

of

c r ib s ,

in g o o d

co u n ters,

and

tr im

th e

fo llo w in g :

in g s ,

m ade

h a n d to o ls ,

p o r ta b le

an

m a te r ia ls

n ecessary

d oors,

to o ls ,

and

n ecessary

fo r

th e

c o n str u c t
su ch

s im p le

a n d

v a r ie ty

of

m e a s u r in g

c a r p e n t e r 's
in s tr u m e n ts ;

to

d im e n s io n s
g e n e r a l,

tr a in in g

fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip

or

of

th e

and

w ork;

w ork

of

e x p e r ie n c e

e q u iv a le n t

in s ta lla tio n ,

m a in te n a n c e ,

d is tr ib u tio n ,
W ork
a

or

in v o lv e s

v a r ie ty

of

n o s in g

or

c o m p u ta tio n s
and

te stin g

e le c tr ic ia n
q u ir e d

or

e q u ip m e n t

la y o u t,
to

v a r ie ty

in s tr u m e n ts .
r e q u ir e s

th r o u g h

a

or

o th e r

as




of

fo r

in
or

r e q u ir e m e n ts
e l e c t r i c i a n 's
g e n e r a l,

rounded

tr a in in g

r e p a ir in g

th e

and

b o ile r -fe d

record
tio n .
in

of

or

w ir in g

w a te r

M ay

a ls o

p la c in g

or

p e n c il.

M ay

p repare

and

in v o lv e s :
a ir

th e se

o p e r a tio n s .
th a n

o p e r a tio n

and

to

su p ­

r e fr ig e r a ­
m a in ta in in g

g e n e ra to rs,

e q u ip m e n t,

ste a m

r e p a ir s ;

te m p e ra tu re ,

m ore

h ea t,

O p e r a tin g

e q u ip m e n t

th e

e le c tr ic a l)

co m p resso rs,

m a k in g

m a c h in e r y ,

e m p lo y in g

s u p e r v is e

w ith p o w e r ,

re fr ig e r a tin g

p u m p s;
of

a ls o

m o ­

b o ile r s

k e e p in g

a

and

fu e l

con su m p ­

or

c h ie f

e n g in e e r s

are

e x c lu d e ? !

H ead

o n e ~ ~ e n g in e e r

S T A T IO N A R Y

a

sa fe ty

room

sta tio n a r y b o ile r s

to fu r n ish

h ea t,

w ith

o p e ra te s

B O IL E R

ste a m .

p ow er,

m e c h a n ic a l

v a lv e s .

or

sto k e r,

M ay

c le a n ,

gas,
o il,

th e

e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h

F eed s
or

or

o il

fu e ls

to

b u rn er;

a ssist

in

fir e

by

checks

r e p a ir in g

hand
w a te r

b o ile r -

e q u ip m e n t.

H E L P E R ,

u n its ,

and

TR A D E S,

M A IN T E N A N C E

of
A s s is ts
tra d e s,

b lu e ­

as

d ia g ­

in g

sta n d a rd

or

e le c tr ic a l

and

m e a s u r in g

by

area,

te r ia ls
fro m

The

tra d e

u s u a lly

a c ­

area s;

tr a in in g

and

o p e r a tio n s ,
a

m ore

s p e c ific

to

liftin g ,
and

in
or

fu ll-tim e

k in d

and
of

tra d e :
and

w orkers
or

in

gen eral

th e

e q u ip m e n t;

w ork

th e

h e lp e r
tra d e s

h o ld in g
he

p a rts

of

b a s is .

is
a

m a te r ia ls
p e r m itte d
tra d e

th a t

is

and
to

w ork er

ta sk s

as

h e lp e r

s k ill,

by

h o ld in g

d ir e c te d
to

p e r fo r m

su ch

c le a n in g w o r k ­

p e r fo r m

is

c o n fin e d

and

to o ls
a ls o

m a in te n a n c e

le s s e r

to o ls ;

p e r m itte d

th e

are

of

and

a s s is tin g

u n s k ille d

som e

In

o th e rs

o th e r

s k ille d

d u tie s

s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s

to o ls ; p e r fo r m in g

e q u iv a le n t

on

or

w orker

m a c h in e ,

or

neym an.

one

p e r fo r m in g

k e e p in g a

e x p e r ie n c e

th e

by

pen

to o ls .

(m e c h a n ic a l o r

e m p lo y e d

e n g in e s ,

s u p e r v is e

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

p ly in g ,

of

d r a ftin g

and m a y

W ork

ste a m

o p e r a tio n

m a in te n a n c e

w ork

and

a p p r e n tic e s h ip

of

w h ic h

v e n t ila t in g

tu r b in e s ,

tr a n sfo r m e r s,

w o r k in g

h a n d to o ls

th e

any

h e a tin g

lo c a tin g

e q u ip m e n t;

o th e rs,
w ith

g e n e r a tin g ,

w o r k in g fr o m

s p e c ific a tio n s ;
or

as

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

m o to rs,

e q u ip m e n t;

su ch

th e

an

g e n e ra to rs,

b reak ers,

In

fo r m a l

e x p e r ie n c e .

lo a d

en ergy
In s ta llin g

su ch

c ir c u it

e le c tr ic a l s y s te m

r e la tin g
a

fo llo w in g :

fu n c tio n s

e q u ip m e n t

e le c tr ic

o th e r tr a n s m is s io n

in th e

u s in g

of

tra d e

in

to rs,

or
e le c tr ic a l

by

tr a c in g

le tte r in g .

e q u ip m e n t

a ir -c o n d itio n in g .

e m p lo y e d

r e p a ir
of

th e

c o n tr o lle r s ,

d r a w in g s,
tr o u b le

e q u ip m e n t;

of

e le c tr ic a l

c o n d u it s y s t e m s ,
p r in ts,

or

u tiliz a tio n
m ost

s w itc h b o a r d s ,

of

and

as

and
v a r ie ty

s im p le

e q u ip m e n t su c h

F ir e s

a

o th e r

an d m a in ta in s

e n g in e s

e s ta b lis h m e n t

F IR E M A N ?

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r fo r m s

do

and

and

tr a in ­

e x p e r ie n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N ,

and

O p e ra tes

tio n ,

of

com p ass,

p rep ared

d r a w in g

S T A T IO N A R Y

o f sta tio n a r y
p ly th e

d raw ­

d ra w in g s

over

P o w e r p l a n t

m ost

in v o lv e s

and

paper

d r a w in g s

and

b in s ,

p la n s

or

T -s q u a r e ,

c a s in g s ,

b lu e p r in ts ,

In

w ork .
rounded

as

sta ir s,

W ork
fr o m
a

r e la tin g

r e q u ir e s

th r o u g h a

u s in g

sta n d a rd

c o m p u ta tio n s

ca rp e n ter

flo o r s ,

out o f w o rk

in s tr u c tio n s ;

to

e q u ip m e n t

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

la y in g

pow er

sh op

d u tie s

p a r titio n s ,

in

verbal

a c q u ir e d

and

w ood

or

m a in te n a n c e

u s u a lly
in g

of

sta n d a rd

s e le c tin g
th e

c a rp en try

ben ch es,

c lo th

E N G IN E E R ,

b u ild in g w o o d w o r k a n d

P la n n in g a n d

m o d e ls ,

m a k in g

th e

r e p a ir

U ses

p la n t

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r fo r m s
m a in ta in

tr a c in g

program s

M a i n t e n a n c e

C A R P E N T E R ,

C o p ie s

or

e v a lu a tio n s

c le a n in g

s p e c ia liz e d

p e rfo r m e d

by

m a ­

b y jo u r ­
v a r ie s
to

su p ­

w o r k in g
m a c h in e
w orkers

23

M A C H I N E -T O O L

O P E R A T O R ,

S p e c ia liz e s
to o ls ,

su ch

la th e s ,

or

gau ges,

a

m en ts

or

d ie s .

d u r in g

and

s e le c t

to

to

p roper

or

a

m ost

and

of

degree

m a k in g

c u ttin g

e n g in e

fo llo w in g :

of

and

accu racy;

n ecessary
or

d re s s in g ,

to o ls ,

p r o c e ssin g

s e le c tin g

to le r a n c e s

need

th e

o p e r a tio n s ;

h ig h

r e q u is ite

o f m a c h in e

g r in d e r s ,

in s tr u m e n ts ;

w h e n to o ls

c o o la n ts

ty p e s

o f m a c h in e -s h o p

in v o lv e s

sequ en ce;

a c h ie v e

r e c o g n iz e

m ore

su rfa c e

m a c h in in g

m e a su r in g

o p e r a tio n

o p e r a tio n

r e q u ir e d

W ork

se tu p s

p r e c is io n

or

or

c o n s tr u c tio n

d iffic u lt

c o m p lic a te d
and

M ay be

in th e

M E C H A N IC ,

of one

c y lin d r ic a l

m a c h in e s

of

to o lin g

to

o p e r a tio n

p e r fo r m in g

v a r ie ty

sp eed s,

th e

b o rers,

fix tu r e s ,

and

r e q u ir in g

u s in g

in

jig

m illin g

jig s ,

P la n n in g
ite m s

as

TO O LR O O M

fe e d s ,
a d ju s t­

d im e n s io n s .

to d r e s s

lu b r ic a tin g

to o ls ,

o ils .

F or

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a ir s
m e n t.
and
or

W ork

m a c h in e r y

in v o lv e s

m e c h a n ic a l
p a r tly

in v o lv e
b rok en

or

u se
of

a

m a c h in e

a d ju s tm e n ts

to

a

m a c h in e s

p a rts

fo r

sh op

in

to o l

and

d ie

jo b b in g

sh op s

are

e x c lu d e d

fro m

r e p a ir s

o p e r a tio n .

r e q u ir e s

th r o u g h a

fr o m

M A C H IN IS T ,

rounded

th is

se ttin g

up

a

m a jo r

tr a in in g
or

c la s s ific a tio n
or

a d ju s tin g

fittin g
fro m

sh op

r e p a ir s ;

th a t

m a in ly

r e p la c in g

o r d e r in g

or

p r e p a r in g
of

th e

s e n d in g

of

w r itte n

p a rts

ordered

a n d m a k in g a ll n e c e s s a r y

th e

w ork

of

e x p e r ie n c e

e q u iv a le n t
are

m a c h in e s

p a rts;

th e p r o d u c tio n

and

e s ta b lis h ­
d is m a n tlin g

sto ck ;

m a c h in e

g e n e r a l,

fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip

in v o lv e

o b ta in e d

o r fo r

In

m e c h a n ic

c la s s ific a tio n .

th is

r e p a ir s

and

r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ;

to o lr o o m ,

stu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a t o r s ,

tr o u b le ;

by

fo r

an

of

sc r a p in g

part

E x c lu d e d

c r o s s -in d u s tr y w a g e

sou rce

of

E x a m in in g

p e r fo r m in g

and

in

e q u ip m e n t

fo llo w in g :

w ith it e m s

m a c h in e

sh o p ;

th e

d ia g n o s e

h a n d to o is

fo r m a jo r

m a c h in e

of

r e p la c e m e n t

to

s p e c ific a tio n s
fr o m

of

d e fe c tiv e

p r o d u c tio n
th e

e q u ip m e n t

d is m a n tlin g

th e

o r m e c h a n ic a l

m ost

a

m a in te n a n c e

u s u a lly

tr a in in g an d

w orkers

w h ose

a c q u ir e d

e x p e r ie n c e .

p r im a r y

d u tie s

m a c h in e s .

M A IN T E N A N C E
M IL L W R IG H T

P rod u ces
of

m eta l

W ork

p a rts

in v o lv e s

tio n s

and

r ie ty

of

s e ttin g
p a rts
in g

to

and

c lo s e

of

m a te r ia ls ,

a s s e m b lin g
p r a c tic e

and

and

in

in

fe e d s
o f th e

w r itte n

r e q u ir e s

a c q u ir e d

th ro u g h

a

u s in g

r e q u ir e d .
out of

a

heavy

W ork

th e

v a r ie ty

m a c h in e s

or

w ork;
of

p u ta tio n s

r e la t­

g r a v ity ; a lin in g

and

e q u ip m e n t,

p a rts

sp eed s

of

h is
In

s e le c tin g

w o r k ; fittin g
g e n e r a l,

tr a in in g

fo rm a l

m a c h in in g ;

m e ta ls ;

in

th e

m a c h in e -

a p p r e n tic e s h ip

order

r e la tin g
and

pow er

d u cers.

to

or heavy

in v o lv e s

m ost

in te r p r e tin g
and

stre sse s,
b a la n c in g
to

be

tr a n s m is s io n

e q u ip m e n t

e q u ip m e n t w h e n

h a n d to o is

m eta l

com m on

rou n d ed

out a r e
la y in g

new

m a c h in e s

of

e q u ip m e n t.

a

v a ­

in s tr u m e n ts ;

s h a p in g

e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r

m e c h a n ic a l

a

In s ta lls
in s ta lls

c o m p u ta tio n s

sh op
and

in s tr u c ­

u sin g

m e a s u r in g
to o ls ;

r e p a ir s

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

out o f w o r k ;

m a c h in e
sta n d a rd

m a k in g

an

In te r p r e tin g
la y in g

to o lin g ,

in to

p a rts

p r e c is io n

p r o p e r tie s

p a rts,

u s u a lly

and

m a k in g

n o r m a lly

e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g

and

sta n d a rd

w ork ,

p a rts

w ork

fo llo w in g :

h a n d to o is

w o rk in g

and new

e q u ip m e n t o p e r a te d

p la n n in g

to le r a n c e s ;

o f th e

m a c h in is t’s
sh o p

th e

o p e r a tin g

d im e n s io n s

sta n d a rd

of

m a c h in is ts

k n o w le d g e
and

m ost

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

up
to

r e p la c e m e n t p a r ts

o f m e c h a n ic a l

of

r ig g in g ;

of

th e

u sed ;

o th e r

su ch

and
as

tic e sh ip

e x p e r ie n c e

or

e q u iv a le n t

in th e

tra d e

tr a in in g

and

a c q u ir e d

com ­

c e n te rs

m a in ta in in g

In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t ’ s w o r k n o r m a l l y

tr a in in g a n d

sh op

and

sta n d a rd

d r iv e s

and
la y ­

P la n n in g a n d

sta n d a rd

s e le c tin g

in s ta llin g

p la n t

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

m a te r ia ls ,

e q u ip m e n t;

e q u ip m e n t

or

m a k in g
of

d is m a n tle s

in th e

fo llo w in g :

b lu e p r in ts

stre n g th

and

changes

and

in

good

sp eed

re q u ir e s

of

to o ls ,
re ­

a rounded

th r o u g h a fo r m a l

appren­

e x p e r ie n c e .

or

e x p e r ie n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r ic a te s ,

M E C H A N IC ,

A U T O M O T IV E

R e p a ir s
an

e q u ip m e n t
to o ls

as

sto c k ;

e q u ip m e n t

w ren ch es,
or

g r in d in g

v a r io u s
a lin in g

and

to

d ia g n o s e

w h e e ls ,
th e

d r ills ,

a d ju s tin g
th e

v e h ic le
brakes

w ork

th e

tr a in in g

and

sh ip

e q u iv a le n t

e x p e r ie n c e




and
and

of

and

of

or

or

P A IN T E R ,

d is a s s e m b lin g

th e

u se

and

th ro u g h a

hand-

in

p a rts

d is fro m

in s ta llin g

tig h te n in g

m e c h a n ic

su ch

e q u ip m e n t

d e fe c tiv e

m a k in g n e c e s s a r y

e x p e r ie n c e .

of

of

w ith

m e c h a n ic a l

o il o r

grease,

e q u ip m e n t

of

th e

an

m o v in g p a r ts

or

w e a r in g

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

M A IN T E N A N C E

E x a m in in g /

tr o u b le ;

r e a s s e m b lin g
lig h ts ,

tra c to rs

fo llo w in g :

s p e c ia liz e d

a u to m o tiv e

and

th e

brok en

u s u a lly a c q u ir e d

tr a in in g

of

in v o lv e

or

v a lv e s ;

a d ju s tin g
of

th a t

r e p la c in g

su rfa c e s

m o to rtru c k s,

m ost
sou rce

r e p a ir s

gau ges,

in

b u ses,

in v o lv e s

fittin g p a r t s ;

a s s e m b lie s

g e n e r a l,
or

W ork

an d p e r fo r m in g

a s s e m b lin g

In

a u to m o b ile s ,

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

a u to m o tiv e

(M A IN T E N A N C E )

th e

a d ju s tm e n ts ;
body

r e q u ir e s

b o lts .

rou n d ed

fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e -

P a in ts

and

e s ta b lis h m e n t.
p e c u lia r itie s
p r e p a r in g
p u tty
gun

or
or
of

p e r ie n c e
le n t

in

b ru sh .

in g r e d ie n ts
w ork

and

th e

to

fo r
n a il

M ay
o b ta in

of
h o le s

m ix

and

and

w oodw ork,

fo llo w in g :

re q u ir e d
by

c o lo r

p a in te r

o ils ,
or

fix tu r e s

d iffe r e n t
o ld

fin is h

a p p ly in g

w h ite

le a d ,

c o n s is te n c y .

re q u ir e s

and

K n o w le d g e

fo r

r e m o v in g

in te r s tic e s ;

c o lo r s ,

p rop er

a c q u ir e d

w a lls ,
th e

p a in t

p a in tin g

m a in te n a n c e

u s u a lly

tr a in in g

in v o lv e s

ty p e s

su rfa c e

fille r

re d e c o ra te s

W ork

rounded

by

an

p la c in g

p a in t w ith
and
In

of

su rfa c e

a p p lic a tio n s ;
or

o th e r

sp ray
p a in t

g e n e r a l,

tr a in in g

th r o u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip

e x p e r ie n c e .

of

or

and

th e
ex­

e q u iv a -

24
P IP E F IT T E R ,

In s ta lls
and
fro m
of

or

p ip e fittin g s

lo w in g :

L a y in g

p ip e

to

or

b e n d in g
p ip e

an

out
or

p ip e

by

and

In

rounded

p r im a r ily
h e a tin g

or

to

g e n e r a l,

tr a in in g

fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip
engaged

sy ste m s

or

in

are

c h is e l

to

to

th e

w ork

in s ta llin g

fo l­

of

p ip e

o x y a c e ty le n e

sto ck s

m a c h in e s ;

and

s iz e

d ie s ;

a s s e m b lin g

m a k in g

and

s iz e s

sta n d a rd

of

p ip e

of

th e

m a in te n a n c e

u s u a lly
and

a c q u ir e d

b u ild in g

la y in g

out a ll

m o d e ls ,

a v a ila b le

ty p e s

h a n d to o ls
b lin g ;
w ork
and

in

ty p e s
or

b e n d in g ,

s h e e t-m e ta l

o f th e m a in t e n a n c e
e x p e r ie n c e

e q u iv a le n t

u s u a lly a c q u ir e d

tr a in in g

and

th r o u g h

T O O L

AN D

D IE

s a n ita tio n

jig

m ak er;

C o n stru c ts

or
tu res

or

d ie s

fo r

an d r e p a ir s

in v o lv e s

m ost

m o d e ls ,

b lu e p r in ts ,

c a t io n s ; u sin g
W ork

in v o lv e s :

v e n ts

and

tra p s

fix tu r e s ;
In

K n o w le d g e
in p lu m b in g

o p e n in g

g e n e r a l,

th e

c lo g g e d
w ork

of

tr a in in g

an d e x p e r ie n c e

s h ip

e q u iv a le n t

or

of

o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d

s a n ita r y

sy ste m ;

d r a in s
th e

codes

in s ta llin g

w ith

a

m a in te n a n c e
and

or

p lu n g e r

u s u a lly a c q u ir e d

tr a in in g

r e g a r d in g

ord er.

in s ta lla tio n

r e p a ir in g
or

p ip e s

p lu m b e r ’s

p lu m b e r

r e q u ir e s

th ro u g h a fo r m a l

of
and

sn ak e.
rounded

a p p r e n tic e ­

e x p e r ie n c e .

m e a s u r in g
com m on
and
to

W O R K E R ,

and

r e la te d
of

d ie s

fittin g

M A IN T E N A N C E

m eta l

e q u ip m e n t

s h e lv e s ,
of

an

in s ta lls ,

and

lo c k e r s ,

and

fix tu r e s

ta n k s,

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

m a in ta in s

(su c h

as

gu ard s,

c h u te s,

d u c ts,

O P E R A T O R ,

T ra n sp o rts
a p a rtm e n t
W orkers
as

th o se

h ou se,

who

p assen gers

o p e ra te

of

th e

sh e e t-

grease

m eta l

and

e le v a to r s

a n d ja n ito r s

in

flo o r s

h o te l

or

P la n n in g

a n d

c o n ju n c tio n

are

of

an

w ith

o ffic e

c lu d e s

m a in ta in in g
g a te m e n

e m p lo y e e s

and

ord er,
w ho

o th e r




are

u s in g

arm s

s ta tio n e d

person s

or
at

e n te r in g .

fo rc e
g a te

to o l

w h ere

and

o th e r

d u r in g
of

a p p r e n tic e s h ip

to o ls ,

gauge

or

m aker)

gau ges,

up

and

fe e d s,

and

la y in g

sh op

q u a litie s ;

p a rts

to

d ie

p r e s c r ib e d

m a k e r ’s

and

to o lr o o m

of

a

u s u a lly

tr a in in g

and

r e la tin g
h ea tto o ls

to le r a n c e s ;

to le r a n c e s

r e q u ir e s

of

to o ls

fin is h e d

c lo s e

and

p r a c tic e

p r e c is io n

p r o p e r tie s

m a c h in e s ;

to o ls ,

w ork

e q u iv a le n t

of
to

w ork

s p e c ifi­

o f m a c h in e

w e ll a s

w o rk in g

m a te r ia ls ,

and

fix ­

w ork .

of

c o m p u ta tio n s

to o lin g
as

out

w r itte n

w o rk in g

o p e r a tin g

and

jig s ,

m e t a l-fo r m in g

o ra l and

th e

fa b r ic a tio n

and

or

of

n ecessa ry

sp eed s,

a p p r o p r ia te

and

For
to o l

b u ild in g ,

c r o s s -in d u s tr y w a g e
d ie

and

a llo w ­

p ro ce sse s.
rou n ded

a c q u ir e d

In

tr a in in g

th r o u g h

a

e x p e r ie n c e .

jo b b in g

sh o p s

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

are

e x c lu d e d

to o l an d

fr o m

th is

d ie

m ak ers

c la s s ific a tio n .

M o v e m e n t

P O R T E R ,

(S w e e p e r;

d u tie s

OR

C L E A N E R

charw om an ;

ja n itr e s s )

su ch

of
to u r,

th e

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

o th e r

at

m a k in g

a s s e m b lin g

C le a n s

e ith e r

s e ttin g

re q u ir e d

in

e x c lu d e d .

d u tie s ,

a c h ie v e

a p p r e n tic e s h ip

or
p o lic e

g e n e r a l,

m ak er;

o th e r

P la n n in g
or

u n d e r s ta n d in g

w ork ,

m a c h in e -s h o p

M a t e r i a l

G U AR D
r o u tin e

of

fo rm a l

areas

P e r fo r m s

of

a sse m ­

p an s,

fo llo w in g :

s im ila r

fix tu r e

and

fo llo w in g :
d r a w in g s ,

a llo y s ;

m e ta l p a rts

th e

J A N IT O R ,

b e tw e e n

sto re ,

and

s e le c tin g

r o o fin g )

PASSEN G ER

d e p a rtm e n t

of sta rte rs

m ost

th e

C u s t o d i a l

E L E V A T O R

in v o lv e s

r e p a ir

m a c h in e

v e n tila to r s ,

W ork

in g o o d

a ll

v a r ie ty

and

In

fo rm a l

b lu e ­

r o u n d e d tr a in in g

o f t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r ’s h a n d t o o ls

e q u ip m e n t;

to

g e n e r a l,
in

F a b r ic a te s ,

a

a

fittin g ,

r e q u ir e s

m a c h in e -s h o p

p u n c h in g

th e

a v a r ie ty

d im e n s io n s

tr e a tin g

of

in s tr u m e n ts ;

m e ta ls

an ces;
S H E E T -M E T A L

th r o u g h

fro m

o p e r a tin g

u s in g

re q u ir e d .

w orker

to o lm a k e r ;

fo r g in g s ,

fr o m
sy ste m

and

M AK E R

(D ie m a k e r ;

a

e x c lu d e d .

th e p lu m b in g

s h a p in g ,

as

w ork

up

W ork ers

M A IN T E N A N C E

K eeps

s e ttin g

e x p e r ie n c e .

W ork
P L U M B E R ,

a r tic le s

C o n tin u e d

m a c h in e s ;

fo r m in g ,

s h e e t-m e ta l

-

m a in te n a n c e

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

s h e e t -m e t a l-w o r k in g

c u ttin g ,

in s ta llin g

o f s h e e t-m e ta l

o th e r

of

M A IN T E N A N C E

p ip e fitte r

e x p e r ie n c e .

r e p a ir in g

and

p r in ts ,

W O R K E R ,

re ­

w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip e s m e e t

tr a in in g

and

p ip e

v a r io u s

or

w ith

h an gers;

e x p e r ie n c e

e q u iv a le n t

of
th e

of

p o s itio n

ham m er

flo w ,

d e te r m in e

ty p e s

m ost

c u ttin g

p o w e r -d r iv e n
p ip e

o th e r

lo c a te

p ip e

p re ssu re s,

and

or

in v o lv e s

and

th r e a d in g

fa s te n in g

r e la tin g

g a s,

W ork

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

w ith

m a c h in e ;

s ta n d a r d t e s t s to

s p e c ific a tio n s .

ste a m ,

m e a s u r in g

w r itte n

h a n d -d r iv e n

c o m p u ta tio n s

re q u ir e s

and

le n g th s

c o u p lin g s

q u ir e d ; m a k in g

w ork

o th e r

correct

w a te r,

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

of

p ip e -c u ttin g

w ith

sh op

r e p a ir s

in

d r a w in g s

to rch

S H E E T -M E T A L

M A IN T E N A N C E

fix e d

p ost

or

n ecessary .

check

on

id e n tity

on
In ­
of

and

c o m m e r c ia l
th e

or

or

fo llo w in g :

r e m o v in g
and

and

keeps

w ash room s,

c h ip s ,

or

o th e r

in

an

o r d e r ly

p r e m is e s

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

S w e e p in g , m o p p in g £ x
tra sh ,

an d o th e r

re stro o m s.

m a in te n a n c e
W orkers

se r v ic e s;

w ho

or

an

fa c to ry

o ffic e ,

a p a rtm en t

in v o lv e

a

w o r k in g
h ou se,

c o m b in a tio n

s c r u b b in g , an d p o lis h in g
d u s tin g

e q u ip m e n t,

tr im m in g s ;

c le a n in g

s p e c ia liz e

c o n d itio n

D u tie s

re fu se ;

fix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l fix t u r e s
m in o r

of

p r o v id in g

la v a to r ie s ,

in w in d o w

w a s h in g

flo o r s ;

fu r n itu r e ,
s u p p lie s

sh ow ers,
are

and

e x c lu d e d .

25

L A B O R E R ,

M A T E R IA L

(L o a d e r

and

sto c k m a n

H A N D L IN G

u n lo a d e r ;

or

sto c k

S H IP P IN G

h a n d le r

h e lp e r ;

and

sta c k e r;

w areh ou sem an

s h e lv e r ;

or

tru c k e r;

w areh ou se

h e lp e r )

o th e r

A N D

record s;

r o u tin g

sto re ,
th e

w orker

or

o th e r

fo llo w in g :

d is e

on

or

fr e ig h t

s h e lv in g ,

lo c a tio n ;

ca r,

w h e e lb a r r o w .

a

w areh ou se,

w h ose

u n lo a d in g

c a rs,

or

sto ra g e
or

in

e s ta b lis h m e n t

L o a d in g an d

fro m

u n p a c k in g ,

e m p lo y e d

d u tie s

tr a n s p o r tin g

in v o lv e

v a r io u s

tru ck s,

p la c in g

or

L on gsh orem en ,

one

m a te r ia ls

o th e r

m a te r ia ls

m a te r ia ls

m a n u fa c tu r in g

or

m ore

tr a n s p o r tin g

lo a d

and

of

F or

d e v ic e s;
in

fo r

-

C o n tin u e d

sh o rta g e s

o r m a te r ia ls

and

s h ip s

w age

to

and

r e je c tin g

p rop er

dam aged

d e p a rtm e n ts;

goods;

m a in ta in in g

file s .

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

R e c e iv in g

p roper

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s ;

c le r k

S h ip p in g

are

w orkers

c le r k

S h ip p in g

by hand tru ck ,

u n lo a d

records

C L E R K

p la n t,

m erch an -

m e r c h a n d ise

o r m e r c h a n d is e
w ho

or

and

c h e c k in g

m e r c h a n d is e

n ecessary
A

R E C E IV IN G

and

r e c e iv in g

c le r k

e x c lu d e d .
T R U C K D R IV E R
O R D E R

F IL L E R

D r iv e s
m a te r ia ls ,

(O r d e r

p ic k e r ;

sto c k

s e le c to r ;

w areh ou se

sto c k m a n )

e s ta b lis h m e n ts
h ou ses,

F ills
sto re d

m e r c h a n d is e

cu sto m e rs*
ord ers
g o in g
to

s h ip p in g
in

o rd ers,

and

or

accordan ce

or

and

w ith

in s tr u c tio n s .
fille d

or

a d d itio n a l

p e rfo r m

o th e r

fo r

fin is h e d

s p e c ific a tio n s

o th e r

r e q u is itio n

s u p e r v is o r ,

orders

ite m s

in d ic a tin g

o rd ers,

tra n sfe r

M ay,

in

o m itte d ,

sto c k ,

r e la te d

or

goods

on

s lip s ,

to

fillin g

record s

rep ort

fro m

s a le s

a d d itio n

keep

of

sh ort

o u t­

lo a d

in

s h ip p in g

dependent
ty p e
th e

of
of

v e r ify

ty p e ,

w ooden

and

r e p a ir s ,

of

or

of

of

c lo s in g
d a ta

ite m s

ty p e

and

be

sto c k

or

P rep ares
S h ip p in g

fo r

p a r in g

in v o lv e s :

ro u te s,

tic e s,

w ork

a v a ila b le

records

in g w e ig h t a n d
M ay

d ir e c t

R e c e iv in g
th e

of

th e

s h ip p in g

or

w ork

c o rre ctn e ss

A

m eans

P ackers

in v o lv e s :
o l




s h ip p in g

m a k in g

V e r ify in g

th e
or

a g a in s t

ra te s;
of

a ls o

d ir e c tin g
b ills

of

is

fo r

o th e rs

la d in g ,

and

la d in g ,

o f s h ip p in g

m e r c h a n d ise

r e ta il

e sta b ­

ord er.

M ay

a ls o

m in o r m e c h a n ic a l

D r iv e r -s a le s m e n

and

e x c lu d e d .

w age

stu d y

of

p u rp oses,
as

tr a ile r

tr u c k d r iv e r s

fo llo w s ;

are

c la s s ifie d

(T r a c to r -tr a ile r

s h o u ld

b y s iz e

be

ra te d

c a p a c i t y .)

(c o m b in a tio n
lig h t

o f s iz e s

(u n d e r

1l / z

(IV 2

to

lis te d

s e p a r a te ly )

to n s)

m e d iu m
heavy

(o v e r

4

to n s,

tr a ile r

heavy

(o v e r

4

to n s,

o th e r

T R U C K E R ,

a n c T T n c lu d in g

4

to n s)

ty p e )
th a n

tr a ile r

ty p e )

P O W E R

O p era tes
tru ck

or

tra cto r

w areh ou se,

in

as

a m a n u a lly
to

m a n u fa c tu r in g

w age

c o n tr o lle d

tra n sp o rt

stu d y

goods

p la n t,

p u rp oses,

g a s o lin e -

and
or

or

m a te r ia ls

o th e r

w ork ers

e le c tr ic -p o w e r e d
of

a ll

k in d s

about

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

are

c la s s ifie d

by

ty p e

of

fo llo w s ;

r e ­

m a te r ia ls .

p roced u res,

up b ills

w o r k in g

m ake

of

w are­

b u s in e s s .

T r u c k d r iv e r ,

or

a p p ly in g
w ho

and

o th e r

and

a n d k e e p in g a f ile

p r e p a r in g

sh ip m e n ts

of

or

h e lp e r s ,

ty p es

d e p o ts,

b e tw e e n

of

tra n sp o rt

m a t e r i a l to

r e c e iv e s

tr a n s p o r ta tio n

sh ip p e d ,

ch arges,
in

of

or

w ith o u t

or

p la c e s

to

v a r io u s

fr e ig h t

T r u c k d r iv e r ,

a

m e r c h a n d ise

k n o w le d g e

goods

a ssist

sh ip m e n t,

p la n ts ,

T r u c k d r iv e r ,

F or

of

or

area

b e tw e e n

order

e x c lu d e d .

fo r

s h ip m e n t

in d u s tr ia l

m en

e s ta b lis h m e n ts ,

good

are

T r u c k d r iv e r ,

C L E R K

m e r c h a n d is e

in c o m in g

t r u c k in

T r u c k d r iv e r

tru ck ,
s p o n s ib le

or
or

h ou ses

w ith o r

d r iv e r s

c ity

M a n u fa c tu r in g

r e ta il

e q u ip m e n t,

b a s is

th e

one
in

c o n ta in e r ;

c o n ta in e r .

th e

b e in g

o f c o n ta in e r ;

o th e r

tru ck

keep

of

r e q u ir e s

in v o lv e

of

ty p e

p la c in g

packed,

and s iz e

s e a lin g

by

W ork

m ay

e x c e ls io r

on

are

and

v a r io u s

u s in g

u n its to

and

a

e q u ip m e n t,

s u p p lie s

p e rfo r m e d

s h ip m e n t.

c o n ta in e r s

a p p r o p r ia te

c ra te s

R E C E IV IN G

o p e r a tio n s

num ber

of

and

as;

w ith in

C u sto m e rs*

u n lo a d

F or

s h ip m e n t o r s to r a g e

m eth o d

c o n ta in e r ;

id e n tify in g

boxes

A N D

and

s h ip p in g

dam age;

fo r

s p e c ific

K n o w le d g e

in

or

e n te r in g

th e

s iz e ,

s e le c tio n

breakage

S H IP P IN G

in

fo llo w in g :

c o n te n t;

or

p ro d u c ts

e m p lo y e d ,

ite m s

e n c lo s u r e s

preven t
m ake

of

th e

in s e r tin g
la b e ls

th e

c o n ta in e r

p la c in g

m ore
to

upon

fin is h e d

su ch

and

o v e r -th e -r o a d

on

c o n ta in e r s ,

or

d u tie s .

S H IP P IN G

P rep ares
th e m

tru ck

w h o le s a le

lis h m e n ts

and
P A C K E R ,

a

m e r c h a n d is e ,

T ru ck er,

pow er

T ru ck er,

p ra c­

pow er

(fo r k lift)
p o th e r

th a n

fo r k lift)

p re ­
p o st­

record s.

W A T C H M A N

sh ip m e n t.
v e r ify in g

in v o ic e s ,

or

M akes
a g a in s t

fir e ,

rounds

th e ft,

of

and

p r e m is e s
ille g a l

p e r io d ic a lly

in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y

e n try .

U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1956 O -391880


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102