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BOSTON, MASS.
A p ril 1955

BLS Bulletin No. 1172-17

U N ITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Aryness Joy Wickens, Acting Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




BOSTON, MASS.
April 1955

Bulletin No. 1172-17
June 1955

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUBEAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arynes* Joy Wicfccn*. Acting Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Governm ent Printing O ffice, W ashington 25, D. C.

Price 25 cents







CONTENTS
Page
IN T R O D U C T IO N ----------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------

1

TABLES:
A:

B:

A P P E N D IX :

O ccupation al earn in gs * A - 1: O ffice o ccu p a tio n s ------------------ —— -----------------------------------------A - 2 : P r o fe s s io n a l and te ch n ica l o ccu p a tio n s -------------------------------A - 3 : M aintenance and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a t i o n s -----------------------------A - 4 : C u stod ial and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s ---------------------

3
7
7
9

E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and supplem entaryw age p r o v is io n s B-l:
Shift d iffe re n tia l p r o v is io n s * ------------------------------------------------B -2 : M inim um en tra n ce ra tes f o r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ----------B -3 : F re q u e n cy o f w age p a y m e n t ---------------------------------------------------B -4 : S ch edu led w e e k ly h ou rs * --------------------------------------------------------B - 5: P a id h o lid a y p r o v is io n s * --------------------------------------------------------B -6 : P a id v a ca tion s * -------------------------------------------------------------------------

12
13
14
14
15
16

Job

d e s c r i p t i o n s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

19

* N O T E : S im ila r tabulations (a ls o c o v e r in g health , in s u ra n ce , and p e n sio n p la n s)
a r e a v a ila b le in the B oston a re a r e p o r ts f o r M a rch 1951, A p r il 1952, M a rch
1953, and A p r il 1954. The 1954 r e p o r t a ls o p r o v id e s tabulations o f w age s t r u c ­
tu re c h a r a c t e r is t ic s , la b o r m a n a gem en t a g r e e m e n ts , and o v e r tim e p ay p r o v is io n s .
A d ir e c t o r y in dicatin g date o f study and the p r ic e o f the r e p o r t s , as w e ll as r e ­
p o r t s f o r oth er m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a ila b le upon re q u e s t.
C u rren t re p o rts on o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in gs and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r a c t ic e s
in the B oston a re a a re a ls o a v a ila b le f o r m a c h in e r y in d u strie s (January 1955),
and le a th e r tanning (May 1954). Union s c a le s , in d ica tiv e o f p re v a ilin g p a y le v e ls ,
a r e a v a ila b le f o r the fo llo w in g tra d e s o r in d u s tr ie s : B u ildin g c o n s tr u ctio n , p r in t ­
in g, lo c a l tra n sit op era tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o to r tr u c k d r iv e r s .




OCCUPATIONAL WAGE

Intr o d u ctio n
The B oston a rea is one o f sev e ra l im portant indu strial
ce n te rs in w hich the B ureau o f L a bor Statistics has conducted
su rv ey s o f occu p a tion a l earnings and rela ted wage b en efits on an
a rea w id e b a s is .
In ea ch a re a , data aTe obtained by p e rso n a l
v is its o f B ureau fie ld agents to rep resen ta tive establish m en ts
within 6 b ro a d industry d ivision s: M anufacturing; tra n sp orta ­
tion (exclu din g r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and oth er public u til­
itie s ; w h olesa le trad e; reta il trade; finance, in su ra n ce, and re a l
estate; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r industry groups exclu d ed fro m these
studies a re govern m en t institutions and the con stru ction and e x ­
tr a ctiv e in d u s trie s.
E stablishm ents having few er than a p r e ­
s c r ib e d num ber o f w o rk e rs w ere a ls o om itted sin ce they furnish
in su fficien t em p loym en t in the occupations studied to w arrant
in clu sion . 1 W h erev er p o s s ib le , separate tabulations a re p r o ­
v id ed fo r the individual b roa d industry d iv isio n s.
T h ese su rv ey s are conducted on a sam ple b a s is b eca u se
o f the u n n e ce s sa ry c o s t involved in surveying a ll estab lish m en ts,
and to en su re p rom p t p u b lica tion o f re su lts.
To obtain a p p ro ­
p ria te a c c u r a c y at m inim um c o s t, a gre a te r p ro p o rtio n o f la rge
than o f sm a ll estab lish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll establish m en ts a re given their a ppropriate weight.
E stim a tes a re p re se n te d , th erefore, as relating to a ll e sta b lish ­
m en ts in the indu stry grouping and a re a , but not t o those below
the m in im u m s iz e studied. 2
O ccu pation s and E arnings
O ccu pation al cla ss ifica tio n is based on a u n iform set o f
jo b d e sc rip tio n s d esign ed to take account o f in terestablish m en t
v a ria tion in duties within the sam e job (see A ppendix fo r listin g
o f th ese d e s c r ip tio n s ). Earnings data are p resen ted fo r the f o l­
low ing types o f occu p a tion s: (a) O ffice c le r ic a l; (b) p ro fe s s io n a l
and tech n ica l; (c) m aintenance and pow erplant; and (d) cu stod ial
and m a te ria l m ovem en t.

, BOSTON, M A S S .*

Data a re shown fo r fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i . e . , those h ired
to w ork a fu ll-tim e schedule fo r the given occupational c la s s if i­
cation .
E arnings data exclu de p rem iu m pay fo r overtim e and fo r
w ork on w eeken ds, h o lid a y s, and late sh ifts. N onproduction b o ­
nuses a re a ls o ex clu d e d , but c o s t -o f-liv in g bonu ses and incentive
earnings a re inclu ded. W here w eek ly hours a re re p o rte d , as fo r
o ffic e c le r ic a l occu p a tio n s, r e fe r e n c e is to the w ork schedules
(rounded to the n ea rest hal f-h o u r ) f o r w hich stra ig h t-tim e sa la rie s
a re paid; a verage w eek ly earnings fo r th ese occupations have been
rounded to the n e a re st 50 cen ts.
O ccupational em ploym en t estim ates r e fe r to the total in
all establish m en ts within the scop e o f the study and not to the
num ber actu ally su rvey ed . B eca u se o f d iffe re n ce s in occupational
stru ctu re am ong e sta b lish m en ts, the estim ates o f occupational
em ploym ent obtained fro m the sam ple o f establishm ents studied
s e rv e only to indicate the rela tiv e im portan ce o f the job s studied.
These d iffe re n ce s in occu pational stru ctu re do not m a teria lly
a ffe ct the a ccu r a c y o f the earnings data.
E stablishm ent P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary
Wage P ro v isio n s
Inform ation is a lso p resen ted on s e le c te d establishm ent
p r a c tic e s and su pplem entary b en efits as they rela te to o ffice and
plant w o r k e r s .
The te r m , ’’o ffic e w o r k e r s ” , as used in this
bulletin inclu des a ll o ffice c le r ic a l em p loy ees and excludes ad­
m in istra tiv e , e x e cu tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and techn ical p erson n el.
’’Plant w o r k e r s ” include w orking fo rem en and a ll n on su p ervisory
w o rk e rs (including leadm en and tra in e e s) engaged in n on oflice
functions. A d m in istra tiv e , e x e cu tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and techn ical
e m p lo y e e s, and fo r c e accou n t con stru ction em p loyees who are
u tilized as a separate w o rk fo r c e a re excluded. C afeteria w ork ers
and rou tem en a re exclu d ed in m anufacturing indu stries but are
included as plant w o r k e r s in nonm anufacturing in d u stries.
S h ift-d ifferen tia l data a re lim ited to m anufacturing in ­
d u strie s.
This in form ation is p resen ted both in term s o f (a)
establish m en t p o l i c y 3 and (b) e ffe ctiv e p ro v is io n s fo r w ork ers

* This r e p o r t w as p rep a red in the B u rea u ’s reg ion a l o ffice
in B oston , M a s s . , b y L eo E pstein, Acting R egional Wage and
Industrial R ela tion s A n alyst.
1
See follow in g table fo r m in im u m -size establish m en t c o v ­
e re d by study.
3
An establish m en t was co n s id e re d as having a p o licy if it
2
An ex cep tion is m ade in the tabulation o f m inim um en­et eith er o f the follow in g con d ition s: (1) O perated late shifts
m
tra n ce ra tes fo r w om en o ffice w ork ers which re la tes to p ro v is io n s
at the tim e o f the su rvey , o r (2) had fo rm a l p ro v isio n s coverin g
in estab lish m en ts a ctu a lly studied.
late sh ifts.




2

actually em p loy ed on extra shifts at the tim e o f the su rvey .
Tabulations relating to establish m en t p o lic y a re p re se n te d in
term s o f total plant w o rk e r em ploym en t; estim ates in the secon d
tabulation rela te only to those w o r k e r s actu ally em p loy ed on the
s p e cifie d shift.

q u irem en ts, the p rop ortion actu ally re c e iv in g the s p e c ific ben efits
m a y be s m a lle r.
M o r e o v e r , a p r a c tic e w as c o n s id e r e d as ap ­
p lica b le to all o ffic e o r plant w o r k e r s in an estab lish m en t i f it
applied to a m a jo rity o f such w o r k e r s .
B eca u se o f rounding,
sum s o f individual item s in th ese tabulations do not n e c e s s a r ily
equal to ta ls.

Supplem entary p r a c t ic e s , other than m inim um entrance
rates fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s , and shift d iffe re n tia ls, a re
treated sta tistica lly on the b a s is that th ese a re p rov id ed to all
w o rk ers em p loyed in o ffic e s o r plant departm ents that o b se rv e
the p ra ctice in question . 4 B ecau se o f varyin g e lig ib ility r e -

The sum m ary o f vacation plans is lim ite d to fo rm a l
arra n gem en ts, excluding in form al plans w h ereby tim e o ff with
pay is granted at the d is cre tio n o f the e m p lo y e r o r the su p e r­
v is o r .
Separate estim ates a re p ro v id e d a cco r d in g to e m p lo y e r
p ra ctice in com puting vacation p a ym en ts, such as tim e p aym ents,
p e rce n t o f annual ea rn in g s, o r fla t-s u m am ounts.
H ow ever, in
4
Scheduled w eek ly hou rs fo r o ffic e w o rk e rs (fir s t section tabulations o f vacation allow an ces by y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , p a y ­
the
o f table B -4 ) a re p resen ted in te r m s o f the p ro p o rtio n o f w om en
m ents not on a tim e b a sis w ere co n v e rte d ; fo r e x a m p le , a paym ent
o ffice w o rk e rs em p loyed in o ffic e s with the indicated w eek ly hours
o f 2 p e rce n t of annual earnings w as co n s id e r e d as the equivalent
fo r wom en w o r k e r s .
o f 1 w e e k fs pay.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and W o r k e r s W ithin Scope o f S u rvey and N u m ber Studied in B o s to n , M a s s . , 1 b y M a jo r Industry D iv is io n , A p r i l 1955

M in im u m

s iz e

N u m b e r

o f

e s t a b lis h m e n t s

W

o r k e r s

in

e s t a b lis h m e n t s

e s t a b lis h m e n t
I n d u s tr y

W ith in

d iv is io n
in

s c o p e

M

d iv is io n s

-

-----------------

a n u f a c t u r i n g ____

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
T r a n s p o r t a t io n

__

h o le s a le

S e r v ic e s 4

________

_______

_

__

____

__

____

__

_

__

______

o f

(e x c lu d in g

____

T o t a l3

a n d

o t h e r

-

_____

a n d

S tu d ie d

3 9 0 ,1 0 0

4 7 5

8 5
1 6 5

P la ^ t

O ffic e

T o t a l3

8 1 ,8 0 0

2 3 7 ,5 0 0

1 9 8 ,8 0 0

2 6 ,3 0 0

1 3 9 ,5 0 0

9 7 ,1 3 0

1 9 1 ,3 0 0

5 5 ,5 0 0

9 8 ,0 0 0

1 0 7 ,7 3 0

2 0 4 ,8 6 0

r a ilr o a d s ) ,
p u b lic

_ ________ ____
_

in s u r a n c e ,

2 5 0

1 ,2 0 3

1 0 1

s tu d y

S tu d ie d

7 2 8

__

u t il it ie s 4

-------------------------------

t r a d e _________________ _ ________________________________________________ _______

t r a d e

F in a n c e ,

________

________

_______________ _________________________________ _ _____________ ______ ______
_

c o m m u n ic a t io n ,
W

R e t a il

__

o f

2
s tu d y

A ll

8 c o p e

o f
s c o p e

s tu d y

W ith in

— „ rr—r _____, , ________ , ____
r e a l
__

_

e s t a t e
__

—
________

____
—

_

1 0 1

4 8

2 0

51

2 0 8

4 2

2 6 ,2 0 0

8 ,0 0 0

9 ,4 0 0

8 ,0 0 0

1 0 1

1 1 7

3 3

6 2 ,3 0 0

3 1 ,2 0 0

6 ,5 0 0

5 ,6 0 0

5 0 ,1 0 0

3 9 ,2 8 0

51

1 5 7

3 4

4 2 ,8 0 0

3 0 ,7 0 0

2 ,8 0 0

2 5 ,3 8 0

51

1 9 8

3 6

2 8 ,8 0 0

4 ,7 0 0

1 5 ,7 0 0

9 ,5 6 0

2 0 ,0 0 0

5

2 5 ,5 1 0

1 The B oston M etro p o lita n A r e a (Suffolk C ounty, 14 co m m u n ities in E s s e x County, 28 in M id d le s e x County, 17 in N o rfo lk C ounty, and 2 in P lym ou th C ounty).
The
"w o r k e r s w ithin scop e o f s tu d y " e s tim a te s shown in this table pro vid e a re a so n a b ly acc u ra te d e scrip tio n o f the s iz e and com p osition o f the la b o r fo r c e includ ed in th is , s u r v e y .
The e stim a te s a re not intend ed, h o w e v e r, to s e r v e a s a b a s is o f co m p a riso n with other a r e a em p loy m e n t indices to m e a s u re em p loy m e n t tre n d s o r l e v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f
w age su rv e y s re q u ire s the u se o f e s ta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n sid e ra b ly in advance o f the pay p e rio d studied and (2) s m a ll e sta b lish m e n ts a r e e xclu d ed fr o m the scop e o f
the su rv e y .
2 Includes a ll e sta b lish m e n ts w ith total em p loy m e n t at o r above the m in i m u m s iz e lim ita tio n .
A l l outlets (within the a re a ) o f co m p a n ie s in such in d u strie s a s tr a d e ,
fin an ce, auto re p a ir s e r v i c e , and m o tio n -p ic tu r e th ea te rs a r e c o n s id e re d a s one es ta b lis h m e n t.
3 Includes e x e c u tiv e , te c h n ic a l, p r o fe s s io n a l, and other w o rk e rs exclu d ed f r o m the sep a ra te o ffice and plant c a te g o r ie s .
4 A l s o exclu d es t a x ic a b s , and s e r v ic e s inciden tal to w a ter tra n sp o rta tio n includ ed in e a r lie r s tu d ie s .
5 E stim a te r e la te s to r e a l e sta te esta b lis h m e n ts on ly.
H o te ls; p e rso n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; au to m o bile r e p a ir sh o p s; ra d io b r o a d c a s tin g and te le v is io n ; m otion p ic tu r e s; no n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s; and e n g i-1
6
5
4
3
2
neerin g and a rch ite ctu ra l s e r v i c e s .

6




A : Occupational Earnings
Table A-l: Office Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings 1 fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an a rea basis
in B oston , M ass. , b y industry d ivisio n , A p ril 1955)
Average
S ex, occu p ation , and industry d iv isio n

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F-

$
$
s
s
%
s
*
1
%
$
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
W
eekly
W
eekly Under 32. 50 3 5.0 0 37. 50 4 0 .0 0 4 2 .5 0 4 5 .0 0 47. 50 50.00 52. 50 55.0 0 57. 50 6 0 .0 0 62. 50 6 5.0 0 67. 50 7 0.0 0 72. 50 75.00 80.00 85.0 0
hours
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) $
32. 50 under
3 5.0 0 3 7.5 0 4 0 .0 0 42. 50 4 5 .0 0 47. 50 50. 00 52. 50 55.00 57.50 6 0 .0 0 62. 50 6 5.0 0 67. 50 70.0 0 72. 50 75.0 0 80.00 85.00 90.0 0

Men
65
39
26
16
2

i
i
i
i 82
!
!
1 17
! 65
1 2 51
-

1
-

12
12
3

1
77 ! 24
8
6
18
69
65
18

41
8
33
3 33

9

6

4 24

-

-

_
-

-

25
12
13
2

36
4
32
9

20
2
18
6

12
12

9
---- 1---8
8

10
10
10

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

28
20
8
-

9
9
-

-

-

-

-

8
8

5
5
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

6
6

j

1

C le r k s , accou ntin g, c la s s A -------------------M a n u factu rin g_________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g_____________________
W holesale trade ___________________
F inance * * __________________________

575
149
426
157
163

3 8.5
3 9.0
38.5
3 9.5
38.0

$
7 3.00
79.00
71.00
80. 50
62. 50

C le r k s , accou ntin g, c la s s B _____________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g_____________________
W h olesale t r a d e _______ _____ ____

258
212
123

3 9.0
3 9.5
4 0 .0

58. 00
58.00
60.0 0

_
-

2
2
-

_
-

1
1
-

10
7
“

21
18
10

17
13
2

24
21
-

41
38
37

9
8
2

21
1?
8

21
19
15

14
11
6

11
10
10

14
8
2

12
10
10

6
4
2

7
4
4

7
7
6

C le r k s , o rd e r
_ _
___ _____ ________
M a n u factu rin g_______________ ________
N onm anufacturing __ __ __ ___________
W h olesale t r a d e ____________________

404
83
321
297

3 9.0
38. 5
3 9.5
39. 5

73.0 0
71. 50
73.50
74. 50

_
"

_
“

_
“

_
~

_
“

_
■

3
3
-

6
6
5

9
3
6
3

16
16
16

12
1
11
4

5
1
4
■

44
17
27
27

7
3
4
4

20
7
13
13

20
2
18
18

67
5
62
57

16
5
11
11

37
14
23
23

C le r k s , p a y r o l l ___________________________

83

38. 5

76. 50

_

_

_

_

_

_

7

5

3

_

5

4

_

_

6

5

9

O ffice boys
M a n u fa ctu rin g___ _______ _ ______ _
N onm anufacturing _ ---------------------------P u b lic utilities * _________ __ _____
W holesale trade ___________________
F inance * * ---------------------------------------S e r v i c e s -------------------------------------------

720
244
476
45
109
175
115

38. 5
38.5
3 8.5
3 9.0
3 9.0
3 7.0
39.5

41. 50
42. 50
4 1.0 0
4 0.5 0
4 6.5 0
4 0.5 0
37.00

8
8
3

35
4
31
5
24
1

171
34
137
7
18
40
63

117
37
80
9
12
34
22

165
71
94
18
19
35
18

71
40
31
8
4
12
5

49
28
21
2
15
1

22
5
17
11
3
-

27
3
24
3
13
4
2

7
7
6
1
-

28
19
9
9
-

7
7
7
"

-

2
2
-

-

6
1
5
5
-

-

5
5
5
-

T abulating-m ach in e op e ra to rs __________
M a n u fa ctu rin g_________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g_____________________
F i n a n c e * * __________________________

373
127
246
95

3 8.5
3 8 .5
3 8.5
3 7.5

65.00
62. 50
66.5 0
62.0 0

"

_
*

1
1
■

1
1
1

1
1
~

10
5
5
3

12
12
2

4
4
3

25
7
18
8

15
2
13
9

33
26
7
5

20
9
11
9

35
14
21
15

25
14
11
11

33
8
25
8

20
7
13
1

38
17
21
3

B il l e r s , m achine (b illin g m a c h in e )______
M a n u factu rin g_____ __ ----------------------N onm anufacturing __ ____ — __ __ __
W holesale trade ___________________

382
164
218
139

3 8.5
38. 5
3 8.5
3 9 .0

50.50
49. 50
51.00
53.50

_
-

2
2
-

5
5
-

9
9
1

38
17
21
-

34
14
20
8

81
48
33
24

62
29
33
31

42
17
25
24

23
7
16
15

14
4
10
-

9
4
5
5

15
$
6
-

15
5
5

5
4
1
-

8
8
8

B il l e r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m a c h in e )________________ ______________ __
Manufac tur i n g _______________ __ __ _
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g_____________________
R eta il t r a d e ___________ ___________

427
55
372
219

3 8 .0
3 8.0
3 8 .0
38. 5

4 7.5 0
56. 50
4 6 .0 0
4 3.0 0

2
2
2

12
12
12

24
24
24

32
32
29

72
72
42

36
2
34
23

68
7
61
30

45
16
29
18

64
10
54
31

20
20
8

4
4
-

5
5
-

2
2
*

4
4
-

-

B ook k eep in g-m a ch in e o p e ra to rs ,
c la s s A ____ ____________ ____ ___ ______
Manufac tur ing — ____ __ _ _____ __
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g_____________________
F inance * * __________________________

251
100
151
87

3 8 .5
39.0
38.5
3 8.0

58. 00
61.0 0
56.00
52. 50

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
16
16

11
1
10
6

41
41
30

24
9
15
10

46
22
24
10

17
6
11
1

31
19
12
10

3
3
3

41
36
5
1

"

*
|90. 00
! and
1 o ve r

-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
"

1
1
-

4
4
2
2

9
9
2

17
17
14

35
35
10
14

36
36
36

53
10
43
7
22

52
1
51
13
32

14
14
1

44
3
41
18
14

65
27
38
18
11

16
9
7
2
3

47
32
15
3
10

35
11
24
17
7
7 :
6 I

|

|
!
i
i

7
•
7

W om en

See footnotes at end o f table.
* T ra n sp ortation (exclu d in g r a ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilities.
* * F inance, in su ra n ce, and re a l esta te.




16

O ccupational W age S urvey, B oston, M ass. , A p ril 1955
U .S . DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
B ureau o f L abor Statistics

_

i

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings 1 fo r se le c te d occupations studied on an a rea basis
in B oston, M ass. , by industry d iv isio n , A p ril 1955)
Average
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

of

workers

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

s
s
$
$
$
s
!S
I
$
Is
S
s
$
l»
•
1
50. 00 52. 50 55.00 57. 50 60.00 62. 50 6 5 .0 0 67. 50 7 0 .0 0 72. 50 75. 00 8 0 .0 0 85. 00 j9 0 .0 0
and
32. 50
.Q
35.00 37. 50 4 0 .0 0 42. 50 45. 00 47. 50 5 0.00 52. 50 55.00 57.50 60.0 0 62. 50 65. 00 67. 50 7 0 .0 0 72. 50 7 5 .0 0 80. 00 8 5.0 0 9Q-, Q , Q v e r..
$

$

$

$

$

$

$

Weekly
Weekly Under 32.5.0 35. 00 37. 50 40. 00 42. 50 4 5 .0 0 4 7 .5 0
hours
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard)
under

i
i
W omen - Continued
B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s B . _
______________________________
M anufacturing_________________________
N onm anufacturing_____________________
W holesale trade ___________________
R etail t r a d e ________________________
Finance * * __________________________

1.467
388
1,079
256
166
629

38. 5
38. 5
3 8.0
39. 0
38. 5
37. 5

$
4 9 .0 0
55.00
4 7 .0 0
54. 50
4 7 .0 0
4 4 .0 0

C le rk s, accounting, c la s s A _____________ 1.201
380
M anu factu ring_____ __ ______________
821
Nonmanufacturing __ __________________
56
Public u tilities* __ ______________
W holesale trade _____________________
125
165
R etail t r a d e __________________________
Finance ** ________________ _________
375
100
S e rv ice s __ __ __________________ __

38. 5
39. 5
37. 5
38. 5
3 8 .0
38. 0'
37. 5
3 7 .0

60. 50
62. 50
6 0.0 0
6 3.0 0
6 6.0 0
58. 00
57.50
62. 50

C le rk s, accounting, cla s s B _________ __ 2 .0 4 5
477
M anu factu ring_______________ ________
N onm anufacturing_____________________ 1 ,5 6 8
Public utilities * ___________________
137
268
W holesale trade ___________________
403
R etail t r a d e ________________________
570
Finance * * __________________________
190
S e r v ic e , ------------------------------------------

3 8 .5
39. 0
38. 5
3 9.0
3 9 .0
3 8.5
38. 5
37. 5

48. 50
52. 50
47. 00
4 9 .0 0
50. 50
43. 50
4 6 .0 0
51.00

C le rk s, file , cla ss A ____________________
M anufacturing_________________________
N onm anufacturing_____________________
W holesale trade ___________________
Finance * * __________ ________________

418
76
342
68
202

39. 0
39. 5
3 8.5
39. 5
3 8.5

5 1.00
51. 50
51.0 0
60. 00
4 7 .0 0

C le rk s, file , c la ss B ______________________ 1.982
M anufacturing ___________________________
376
N onm anufacturing_____________________ 1,606
P ublic utilities * ___________________
64
W holesale trade _ _
__
162
R etail t r a d e __________________________
167
Finance ** ____ _______________ _ 1,0 5 7
S e r v i c e s ___ ______________________
156

38. 5
39. 5
3 8 .0
3 9.0
38. 5
3 8 .0
3 8.0
3 8 .0

40. 50
45. 50
39. 50
4 5 .0 0
4 3 .5 0
3 8 .0 0
38. 50
40. 50

C le r k s, o rd er ____________________________
M anufacturing_________________________
N onm anufacturing____ ______________
W holesale t r a d e ____________________
R etail t r a d e ___________________ ____

3 9.0
38. 5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
38. 5

52. 00
52.00
51. 50
56.00
43. 50

595
303
292
188
96

“

13
13
1
12
1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

1
-

3

16
-

-

-

12
5
-

-

-

-

30
5
25
5
20

132
5
127
11
116
3
-

-

1

1

56
56

121
9
112
29
10
71

169
58
111
46
19
41

89
27
62
18
30
10

90
55
35
19
11
4

52
29
23
14
2
6

16

47
14
33
6
5
16
6

65
6
59
8
6
11
34
-

77
28
49
-

98
17
81
4

1
31
17
-

101
53
48
3
5

14
63
-

159
39
120
2
28
24
63
3

29
11

175
71
104
10
10
22
40
22

101
46
55
2
7
6
26
14

110
28
82
5
5
6
54
12

21
4
11
19
6
13
1
-

-

-

-

201
33
168
10
29
15
112
2

254
64
190
17
40
39
49
45

134
55
79
10
9
11
41
8

143
55
88
2
42
3
10
31

107
35
72
10
30
16
5
11

69
23
46
16
1
14
15

39
30
9
2
7
-

9
3
6
2
4
-

-

-

-

~

“

54
7
47

35
14
21
5
11

41
13
28
1
12

42
15
27
11
10

14
2
12

25
2
23

-

-

5

19

22
4
18
13
4

15
3
12
5
2

16
2
14
8
2

1
1

36

45
7
38
10
20

90
64
26
1
8
11
6
-

13
11
2

10
9
1

2
2

-

-

3
2
1
1

84
33
51
51

.
-

-

10
10

16
1
15

-

-

-

-

9

14

59
4
55
2
52

109

198

-

-

378
38
340

340
68
272
9
37
14
141
71

121
32
89
12
23
1
45
8

201
52
149
18
41
14
61
15

56
21
35
3
6
14
5
7

44
8
36
6
4
4
20
2

27
11
16
3
4

62
30
32
11
21

23
6
17
8
9

87
55
32
17
9

41
9
32
22
10

77
42
35
24
11

77
56
21
12
7

5 61
48
-

198
2
16
179
1

19
25
251
45

389
58
331
11
16
7
292
5

6
6
_
6

3
3
3

1
1
1

21
2
19
19

-

-

7
2

-

2

14

1

!
'

i
-

-

-

-

2
2
-

-

14
14
"

63
16
47
2
12
11
! 10
I 12
i

19
8
11
4
5

34
19
15
1
11

-

-

2
-

2
1

4
4
4
-

6
6
~

23
14
9
5
4

”

3
3
2
~

12
12
5
6

3
1
2
2
-

-

-

-

1
1
~

i
i
■

2 3 . | 14
14
1
13
9
1
7
7
4
1
2
-

23
11
12

1
1 1
i
i

I
!
i

10
2

j

-

“
_
-

-

"

~

•

3
1
2
2
1

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

“

1
*

-

~

-

-

-

■

-

-

-

10

-

■

1
•

■

-

34
29
5
5

43
33
10
10

1
1
-

7
7
-

2

9
9
9
-

12

-

-

59
9
50
14

315
69
246
17
42
63
103
21

46
10
-

-

10
8
2
2
■

172
37
135
10
26
14
77
8

-

109
-

-

5
2
3
2
1

348
40
308
36
34
133
74
31

9
2
*

See footnotes at end of table.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
** Finance, insurance, and real estate.




233
36
197
40
31
119

7
-

-

11

158
17
141
13
33
89

5
5
6

-

11

12

1
j

86
74
12
7
2
2

2
1
~
134
6
128
4
49
73
2

_
-

171
9
162
15
11
136

I
1
1
1
!
61 1 20
40 '| 14
6
21 !
6
18 i
2
"

-

2
2
2

i
-

_

_

13

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
13

5
5
-

10
10

-

1

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hou rs and earnings 1 fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b asis
in B oston, M a s s ., by industry d ivision , A p ril 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F-

Average
Sex, occup ation, and industry d iv ision

Number
wJkc.-»

s
$
$
$
$
*
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
W
eekly
W
eekly Under 32.50 3 5.0 0 37.5 0 4 0 .0 0 4 2 .5 0 4 5 .0 0 4 7 .5 0 5 0 .0 0 5 2.5 0 5 5 .0 0 5 7.5 0 6 0 .0 0 6 2 .5 0
■
"
"
•
(Standard) (Standard) f2 .5 0 under
35.0 0 3 7.50 40^00 42. 50 4 5 .0 0 47. 50 50.00 52. 50 5 5.0 0 57. 50 6 0.0 0 62. 50 6 5 .0 0

s
$
$
S
$
%
!t
s
j6 5 .0 0 6 7 .5 0 7 0 .0 0 7 2.5 0 7 5.0 0 80.0 0 85.00 9 0.0 0
i “
and
167. 50 70. on 72. 50 7 5.0 0 80.0 0 85.00 90. 00 /WOT

W om en - Continued
C le r k s , p a y r o ll___________________________
M anu factu ring_________________________
N onm anufacturing_________ ______ __
P u b lic u tilities * ___________________
W holesale t r a d e ____________________
R etail t r a d e ________________________
S e r v i c e s _______ ________ _________

1, 254
779
475
98
78
132
120

39.0
39.5
38.5
3 8.0
3 9.0
38.5
3 9 .0

*
P
55.5 0
5 5.50
55.5 0
5 9.0 0
6 1.5 0
50. 50
56.0 0

.
-

_
-

1
1
-

11
6
5
2
-

49
32
17
14
-

37
18
19
3
6
-

115
53
62
5
6
34
14

92
55
37
11
1
6
10

207
121
86
15
16
29
25

113
82
31
8
9
7
6

137
71
66
11
8
11
29

87
70
17
2
10
1
3

136
110
26
4
16
6

132
101
31
11
7
3
10

41
23
18
5
2
9

12
2
10
5
1
4

14
8
6
2
1
1
1

23
10
13
3
8
1

34
13
21
13
4
-

C om p tom eter o p e r a t o r s .
M anu factu ring_________________________
N onm anufacturing_____________________
W holesale t r a d e ___________________
R eta il t r a d e -------------------------------------F inance * * ____

1.458
469
989
232
518
109

38.5
3 9.0
38.5
38.5
38.5
37.5

50.5 0
5 4.0 0
4 9 .0 0
5 5.0 0
4 7 .0 0
4 4 .5 0

10
10
10
-

13
13
12
1

24
24
20
4

41
41
15
19

108
23
85
60
22

172
52
120
35
63
14

191
46
145
23
83
11

159
8
151
32
82
24

221
56
165
46
74
8

96
32
64
9
44
5

114
66
48
13
29
-

102
86
16
5
8
1

101
56
45
24
10
-

32
19
13
2
3
'

9
3
6
4
2
-

16
5
11
9
1
-

8
5
3
3
-

15
15
13
2
-

21
12
9
9
-

3
3
-

-

D u p licating-m achine o p e ra to rs
(m im eograph o r ditto)___________________
M anu factu ring---------------------------------------

117
75

39.5
39.5

4 7 .0 0
47. 00

-

*

7
6

11
6

19
7

26
17

8
8

3
2

9
2

16
12

13
13

3
2

1
-

"

~

■

i
~

-

*

-

-

-

K ey-p unch o p e ra to rs ---------- ------------------M anu factu ring--------------------------------------N onm anufacturing_______ ____________
P u b lic u tilities * -----------------------------W holesale t r a d e -----------------------------R etail t r a d e ------ ----------------------------F inance * * __________________________

1. 015
347
668
91
114
52
383

38.5
3 9.0
38.0
39.5
3 9.0
3 7.5
37.5

4 9 .0 0
50.5 0
48. 50
54.0 0
5 5.0 0
4 4.5 0
4 5 .5 0

.
,
"

15
15
1
14

23
5
18
1
17

67
5
62
1
5
56

116
20
96
21
12
12
51

127
38
89
1
10
11
66

141
62
79
2
22
8
34

95
33
62
11
5
2
43

121
46
75
5
8
7
53

62
31
31
5
5
2
18

48
27
21
2
4
1
13

62
39
23
2
3
2
16

55
33
22
6
6
1

54
2
52
35
17
*

13
4
9
8
1

5
5
5
“

2
1
1
1
-

3
1
2
2
-

2
2
2
”

2
2
2
~

2
2
2
_

-

O ffice g ir ls _ ------------------ ---------------M anu factu ring------- __ -----------------------N^irm^mifacturing
... . _
.....
.....

454
141
313

38.0
39.5
37. 5

4 2 .0 0
4 6 .0 0
40. 00

n

18
18

87
18
69

90
14
76

106
28
78

24

1
10

44
19
25

16
8
8

17
10
7

_

41
38
3

_

_

•

.
.

_
-

.

.

.
.

.

-

.

S e c r e t a r i e s ------------------------------------- -------M anu factu ring--------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------P u b lic u tilities * _____ ____________
W holesale t r a d e ___________________
R eta il t r a d e -------------------------------------F inance * * __________________________
S e r v i c e s ____ ________ _________ _

4. 556
1,712
2 ,8 4 4
212
529
270
1, 158
675

3 8.5
39.5
37.5
3 8.0
3 9.0
3 8.0
37.5
36.5

6 3 .0 0
6 6.0 0
6 1.5 0
7 6.5 0
6 4.5 0
6 1.0 0
6 0.5 0
5 5.0 0

-

1
1
1
-

3
-

63
1
62
-

131

-

14
45

126
8
2
38
78

121
15
106
1
18
48
39

219
24
195
4
26
9
92
64

393
214
179
4
29
32
89
25

311
56
255
1
75
8
96
75

505
116
389
7
103
36
120
123

318
123
195
4
34
24
63
70

358
115
243
6
54
27
127
29

277
141
136
3
31
12
63
27

362
180
182
14
16
20
103
29

370
245
125
19
6
15
75
10

208
99
109
22
8
27
46
6

199
77
122
11
24
7
59
21

308
138
170
42
21
13
76
18

191
87
104
32
37
4
24
7

58
28
30
6
7
1
11
5

160
48
112
37
49
10
12
4

S ten ograp hers, g e n e r a l ____ ____________
M anu factu ring--------------------------------------N onm anufacturing--------------------------------P u b lic u t i l it i e s * ___________________
W holesale t r a d e ___________________
R etail t r a d e ------ ------- ------------------F inance * * ---------------------------------------S e r v i c e s ------ ----------------------- --------

3. 364
1,230
2, 134
197
517
224
905
291

38.0
3 9.0
37.5
3 8.0
3 9.0
3 8.0
36.5
38.5

54.5 0
5 6.0 0
53.50
58.5 0
60.5 0
4 8 .5 0
51.0 0
4 9 .0 0

-

1
1
1

9
4
1
4

124
23
101
7
10
60
24

152
16
136
3
19
19
65
30

419
118
301
16
15
72
122
76

325
87
238
17
21
24
161
15

527
188
339
16
87
35
149
52

297
131
166
16
66
8
70
6

254
109
145
11
18
5
71
40

237
123
114
1
21
3
66
23

245
90
155
24
37
13
75
6

332
260
72
19
38
2
10

125
44
81
28
24
11
14
4

60
6
54
15
38
1
-

80
19
61
11
47
1
2

47
7
40
4
34
2

42
7
35
3
26
6

16
1
15
15
-

3
1
2
2
-

5
5
2

3

1
2
64
64
-

9

5

20
27
12

See footnotes at end o f table.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
** Finance, insurance, and real estate.




3

5

19

5

3

~

4
2
2
_
_
_
2
!
3 i

2
1
1
1
_

7
1
6
1
i
1
1
!

.
;
;
'

;

6
2
2
2
-

3

-

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings 1 for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Boston, M a ss., by industry division, April 1955)
A verage
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

a n d in d u s tr y d iv isio n

N um ber
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(Stan dard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM E W EEK LY EARNINGS O F—

Weekly
U nder
earnings
(Stan dard) $
3 2 .5 0

$
Is
3 2 .5 0 :3 5 .0 0
an d j
u n der'
3 5 . O O l3 7 . 5 0

3 7 .5 0 |4 0 .0 0

4 2 .5 0

4 0 . O p! 4 2 . 5 0

4 5 .0 0

$
|s
4 7 .5 0 ( 5 0 .0 0

*5 2 .5 0

55. 00

5 0 .0 0 l5 2 .5 0

$
4 5 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

Is
s
|s
is
5 7 .5 0 ;6 0 .0 0 6 2 .5 0 ;6 5 . 0 0

5 7 .5 0

4 7 .5 0

6 2 .5 0

6 0 .0 0

F i n a n c e * * _________________________________
S e r v i c e s ______________ ___________________
S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s _________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_____________ _______________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _______ _______________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _______________________________
F i n a n c e * * _______ _______________________
S e r v i c e s ___________________________________
S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s _____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ __
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _______________________________
F i n a n c e * * _________________________________
S e r v i c e s ____________________________________
T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
F i n a n c e * * _________________________________
T r a n sc r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
____________________________
g e n e r a l _____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
W h o le sa le t r a d e
_____ _________________
F i n a n c e * * _________________________________
T y p i s t s , c l a s s A __________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _________________________
F i n a n c e * * _________________________________
S e r v i c e s ____________________________________
T y p i s t s , c l a s s B _________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _______________________________
F i n a n c e * * _________________________________
S e r v i c e s ____________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
*
**

411

3 8 .0

192

38
38
39
38

219
88
124

.0
.5
.0
.5

$
5
5
5
5
5

6 . 50
7 .0 0
6 .0 0
0 .5 0
9 .5 0

225

3o. 5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
4 0 .0

5 0 .5 0
60. ob
4 8 .5 0
5 8 .0 0
5 6 .0 0
4 8 .0 0
4 9 .5 0
4 3 .0 0

812
389
423
154
63
70
118

3 8 .5
39. 0
3 8 .0
39. 0
3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 6 .5

5 1 .0 0
52. 00
5 0 .5 0
5 5 .0 0
4 7 .0 0
4 9 .5 0
4 8 .0 0

363
113
250
171

3
3
3
3

8
9
7
7

.0
.0
.5
.5

55. 50
5 8 .5 0
54. 50
5 4 .0 0

941
316
625

3
3
3
3
3

8
9
8
8
8

.5
.5
.0
.5
.0

3
3
3
3
3
3

8
9
7
8
7
8

788
150
638
43
72
131
167

99
413
1. 184
421
763
77
543
112
3. 784
944
2, 840
384

210
1, 687
428

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

5
-

2
-

-

7
-

22

7
7

22
20

-

2
82
2
80
-

u
3
8

20
9
11

44
20
24

6
2

9
2

12
11

31
5
26
- |

73
10
63

2
11
13

14

19

84
4
80
12
15
16
24
13
128
72
56
16
4
20

59 !
12 !

33
_

172
-

5
-

5
5
-

33
-

172
1

2
-

5
-

3
-

-

-

2

11
5
17

10
4
157

_

8
-

15
-

55
23

8
8
-

15
-

6
6
-

11
-

47
14
33
13
2
14

-

-

15

-

9

-

12

_

_

_

-

16
-

-

-

18
-

33

-

8
-

-

-

18
8

16

-

8
5

5 0 .0 0
52. 50
4 8 .5 0
5 4 .5 0
4 7 .0 0

-

1
-

22
-

1
-

22
-

29
6
23
-

-

1

21

16

64
10
54
10
27

.0
.5
.5
.5
.0
.5

5 1 .0 0
53! 50
4 9 . 50
6 0 . 50
4 6 . 50
5 5 . 50

_

_

13
-

110

13
-

99
9
90
-

13

90

81

3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
38. 5
3 7 .5
38. 0

4 4 . 50
4 7 . 50
4 3 .5 0

4 9.00
4 3 . 50
4 2 . 50
4 1 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

32
8

29
81
-

-

-

-

-

-

34

41

327
48

34
5
1

41

279
9
35
172
63

544
73
471
15
29
351

719
174
545
40
34
300

68

139

24
4

-

3 I
1 3 !|
25

8
20
33

11

126
22
104
-

9
24
13

151
31
120
7

85

89

81
15

140
17
123

66
4

2

60
1

113
3

603
94

526
144
382
87
24

509
47

26
369
43

202
47

-

1
j

47
5!

j
i

11 1
3 i
28
1
17
2
15
12

132
ST
69
12
57

6
42
1
180
91
89
34
15
14
24

68
22
46
1
1
23
16
5

46
8
38
3
12
7

39
25
14
5
-

16

6
3

74
37
37
18

98
57
41

250
73
177
85
28
42

1
1

19

21
19
2
!

8 1
9 i

6
17

!
|

120
44
76
19
43

-

22
3

19

9
9

4
22
20

2

9

24
-

2
2

2
2
-

8

24

-

-

-

-

-

14

1
-

6
-

2
1

6
-

22
15
7
5
2

i
1
i
!
I
:
!

12 1
!
12
i
9 !
3

2
2
-

1
-

3
-

6
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
3

7

5

:

2
2

!

- !I

1

15
6

14

1
6
6

16
14
2
2

2

-

174

27

32

7

129
45
4

2
25
-

9
23

19
18

55
24
31
7
14
8

19
17

6

15

13

-

7
3
1
2

118
85
33

125
108
17

34

10
6

-

12
22
13

8
7
1

1

5
1
4
4

2
10

-

-

15

4

-

-

-

-

-

6

1
1

;

_

_

-

-

9
~

2

1
13
11

5
5
-

9
9
-

-

-

5 1
1
5
_ 1j
l

6
1

2

“

-

-

9

|1
I

_

1
-

17
17

”

2

9
1
8

15

-

j
j

-

-

2 j
-

i
-

2

7

1

_

5
2
3
-

23
20
3
1

64
18
46
7

9
36

8

2
2
-

21
17
4
1

21
36

'

4

2

22
14
8
2
3

9
35
28

45
24

42 !
27 1
15
3
5
4
3

over
I

4

38
20
18
7
3

97

6

66
48
18
15
3
-

9 0 . 00

28
4

8

21
15

91
27
64

138
54
84
15

8
3
8

31 I
21
10 i
2 S
7 !

16
6
10

67
27
40
7
28

14

42
15
27
8
-

an d
8 5 .0 0
!

25
17
8
3

44

22

j

1

-

48
24
24
23

55
. 42

37
15

30
33
13

i

9
25
22

279

12
149
19

63

26

122
41
81
1
47
28

66

54
46
8
3
4

34

145
73
72
5
51
15

213
25 j

74
36
38
11
26

E ----------*8 0 . 0 0 * 8 5 .0 0 "9 0 . 0 0

1
"
7 2 .5 0 1 7 5 .0 0 8 0 . 00
1
------------

1

Hours re fle ct the workweek for which em ployees re ce iv e their re g u lar straig ht-tim e s a la r ie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly h o urs.
W orkers w ere distributed a s follow s:
24 at $90 to $95; 9 at $95 to $ 100; 13 at $ 100 to $ 105; 1 at $ 105 to $ 110; 4 at $ 110 to $115.
W orkers w ere distributed a s follow s:
22 at $90 to $95; 5 at $95 to $ 100; 4 at $ 100 to $ 105; 2 at $ 105 to $ 110.
W orkers w ere distributed a s follow s:
17 at $90 to $95; 1 at $95 to $ 100; 4 at $ 100 to $ 105; 2 at $ 105 to $ 110.
W orkers w ere a ll at $ 30 to $ 32. 50.
Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s .
Finance, in su ran ce, and re a l estate.




7 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0 1 6 7 . 5 0

7 5 .0 0

1

l
W om en - C o n tin u e d
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , t e c h n i c a l ___ _______________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------- -------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____ ___________________

5
E
6 7 .5 0 > 7 0 .0 0 j 7 2 . 5 0

-

-

-

-

1
1

3

_

.

_

2
1

-

•

-

-

2
-

7
7

2_

-

i

i
-

-

-

-

|
1

2

2
2

-

-

“

-

-

-

10

1

3

-

2
1
1

2

2

2

2
1

10
10
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

14

_

_

2
-

*

2

15
5
10

2

10

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

■

-

-

16
16

-

-

3
3

-

*
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-2: Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hou rs and earnings 1 fo r se le cte d occup ations studied on an a rea b asis
in B oston, M a s s ., by industry d ivision , A p ril 1955)

Table A-3: Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage hourly earnings 1 fo r m en in se le c te d occu p ation s studied on an a re a b asis
in B oston , M a s s ., by industry d iv isio n , A p ril 1955)
NUMBER OF W ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGH T-TIM E HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and industry d iv isio n

Number

of

workers

Avenge

hourly
earnings

$
Under *1. 30 1.35
and
8
1.30 under
1.35 1.40

C a rp e n te rs, m aintenance _ _
....
..
___ ____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __
N onm anufacturing_____________________
R eta il t r a d e ___ _
__ _____

568
358
210
122

*
2 .0 2
2 .0 0
2 .0 6
2 .2 4

E le c tr ic ia n s , m a in te n a n ce _______________
M anufacturing ___ ___________________
N onm anufacturing ____________ _____

910
717
193

2 .1 2
2. 16
2 .0 0

.
*

E n g in e e r* , s ta t io n a r y -----------------------------M anu factu ring--------------------------------------Nouznanufacturing _ __
______ __ __
S e rv ice s
________
__ __ _

374
221
153
61

2 .0 9
2. 17
1.96
1.86

3

See footnotes at end of table.




$

1.40
1.45

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

23

-

-

23

3
*

-

-

-

-

_
-

"

1.45

1 .5 0

$

1 .50
1.55

$

1.55
1.60

s
s
s
I
1 .6 0 *1.65 1.70 1 .7 5 1.80 *1.85
1.65

-

9

8

9
-

8
-

14
14

-

-

*

6
6

-

2

_

6
6

-

$

1

11

-

"

9
3
6
-

2

-

1

12
12
10

11
■

*

1 .7 0
6
4
2
-

5

1.75

1 .8 0

13
9
4
-

90
72
18
6

19

2

14
4

6

10

3

6
6

14
4
4

15

8
7

15
3
12

6

1.85

1 .9 0

$

1 .90 $1.95
1.95

S
t
1
2 .0 0 2 .0 5 *2. 10 2. 15 *2.20 2 .2 5

2 .0 0 2 .0 5 2 . L0

2 .

15 2 .2 0

10 . 26
3
10
16
7
1
-

99
81
18
17

41
26
15
13

20
14
6
6

6
5
1
1

8
7
1

21
16
5

47
36
11

37
24
13

68
58
10

84
77
7

91
57
34

10
7

16
14

3

2

2

"

9
9
~

64
46
18
9

48
25
23
9

4
3
1
“

V

18
9
39
12
27
25

-

45
44
1

2 .2 5

2 .3 0

67
61
6
3

2
2
-

65
51
14

74
65
9

217
205
12

2

3
3
"

9

-

2
~

7

2
~

2 .3 0

s
2 .3 5

2 .3 5

2 .4 0

7
-

7
5

2

?
9
-

17
17

18

-

36
15
21
*

35
34
1
-

$

$

2 .4 0 *2.45 2 .5 0
2 .4 5

and
2 .5 0 o ve r

2
2
-

1
1
1

72
6
66
2 59

11
10
1

8
7
1

40
35
5

_
"

6
1
5
*
*

39
*37
2
"

Occupational Wage Survey, Boston, M a ss., April 1955
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

8

Table A-3: Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations - Continued
(A verage hou rly earnings 1 f o r m en in s e le cte d occupations studied on an a rea basis
in B oston, M a s s ., by industry d ivisio n , A p ril 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Num
ber
of
workers

Occupation and industry d ivision

Average
hourly
earnings

$
$
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Under 1. 30 1.35 1.40 1.45 1. 50 1.55 1.60 1.65 1.70 1.75 1.80 1.85 1.90 1.95 $2 .0 0 2. 05 2. 10 2. 15 2 .2 0 2 .2 5 2. 30 2 .3 5 2 .4 0 2 .4 5 ! 2 .5 0
_ l
and
$
j and
1. 30 under
1.35 1.40 1. 45 1.50 1.55 1.60 1.65 1.70 1.75 1.80 1.85 1.90 1.95 2 .0 0 2 .0 5 2. 10 2. 15 2 .2 0 2 .2 5 2. 30 2. 35 2 .4 0 2 .4 5 2 . 5 QLover
1
4
36
33
38
38
46
38
10
58
18
75
51
6
12
52
17
48
12
19
29
5
5
14
27
34
23
7
47
6
24
55
5
8
8
32
10
10
3
42
4
4
33
4 48
6
6
24
5
5
30
6
5
11
8
10
22
20
29
9
6
6
4
18
20
1
12
9
”
2

F irem en , stationary b o ile r _____________
M anufacturing_________________________
N onm anufacturing_____________________
S e r v i c e s ___________________________

645
360
285
78

$
1.76
1.81
1.71
1.55

H elp ers, tra d es, m a in te n a n ce __________
M anufacturing_________________________
N onm anufacturing_____________________
Public u tilitie s* __________________
R etail tr a d e ________________________

1. 100
792
308
160
64

1.71
1.73
1.66
1.77
1.59

44
15
29
5 12

M ach in e-tool o p era tors, t o o lr o o m ______
M anufacturing_________________________

418
418

2 .0 5
2 .0 5

_
-

M achinists, m a in ten a n ce ________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
_ __
____
Public utilities * ___________________

1.225
1, 166
59
40

2 .0 7
2 .0 6
2. 19
2 .2 7

M echanics, autom otive (m aintenance)___
Manufacturing ...
__
N onm anufacturing_____________________
P ublic utilities * ___________________
W holesale t r a d e ___________________
R etail tra d e ________________________

775
172
603
375
85
137

M echanics, m ain ten an ce_________________
M anufacturing_________________________
N onm anufacturing_____________________
Public utilities * ___________________
Retail tra d e ________________________

9
6
3
2

23
8
15
-

28
23
5
4
-

120
61
59
28
18

103
77
26
8
1

44
32
12
-

46
43
3
2
-

118
82
36
35
1

47
32
15
12
2

74
72
2
1
1

83
51
32
3
27

314
260
54
52
-

16
1
15
15
~

1
1
-

_
-

1
1
-

_
"

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

12
12

27
27

12
12

18
18

8
8

41
41

34
34

23
23

18
18

52
52

116
116

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

14
14
-

_
-

6
6
-

_
-

3
3
-

60
60
-

74
73
1
-

52
50
2
-

102
102
-

151
147
4
-

82
79
3
~

88
79
9
8

50
47
3
1

79
75
4
2

62
62
*

1.96
2 .0 5
1.94
1.92
2. 13
1.89

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

5
5
5
-

6
6
5
1

7
7
1

_
-

34
34
18
16
-

22
6
16
4
12

98
98
96
1
1

106
14
92
64
28

30
6
24
5
19

75
29
46
46

28
16
12
9
3

136
25
111
101
8
2

103
23
80
56
24

10
10
-

1.322
1, 078
244
80
105

2 .01
1.99
2 .0 5
2 .2 0
2 .0 4

_
-

18
18
-

_
-

_
-

2
2
-

16
16
-

_
-

34
34
"

54
54
-

92
91
1
1

22
10
12
1

156
154
2
1

39
33
6
6

130
83
47
4
42

41
41
-

146
116
30
1
22

55
54
1
1

M illw rights _______________________________
M anufacturing_________________________

269
269

2 .0 2
2 .0 2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

12
12

32
32

4
4

4
4

13
13

22
22

19
19

43
43

2
2

O ilers ____________________________________
M anufacturing__________________________

304
243

1.69
1.62

18
18

10
9

5
3

14
14

14
14

18
18

8
8

54
54

10
10

29
29

12
12

9
9

17
17

37
15

19
13

P a in ters, m a in ten a n ce __________________
M anufacturing_________________________
N onm anufacturing_____________________
Public utilities * --------------------------Finance **
S e r v i c e s ___________________________

399
164
235
36
53
87

1.80
1.97
1.67
2 .0 0
1.67
1.43

14
14
9

-

17
17

15
15

21
3
18

56
9
47

_
-

4
4

10
1
9

24
14
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

15

18

-

-

8
-

10
-

44
29
15'
6
4
2

16
16

-

20
8
12
4
3
-

3
-

20
5
15
1
1
-

12
6
6
3
1
1

P ip e fitte rs, m aintenance _
M anufacturing_________________________

517
467

2 .0 8
2. 08

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

1
1

5
5

24
24

20
20

12
12

2
2

81
78

66

1.99

_

_

_

7

_

1

_

_

4

3

2

1

S heet-m etal w ork ers, m aintenance
M anufacturing_________________________

154
144

2. 10
2. 11

1
1

-

6
6

1
-

T o o l and die m a k e r s _____________________
M anufacturing_________________________

1. 348
1, 340

2 .3 0
2 .3 0

3
3

6
6

P lu m b ers, m ain ten an ce_______________

29
29
-

21
26

-

.

-

|
I

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .

2 W orkers w ere d istributed as
3
4
5
6
*
**

follow s: 39 at $ 2. 50 to $ 2. 60;

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o ll o w s :
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o ll o w s :
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o ll o w s :
W o r k e r s w e r e a ll at $ 2 . 50 to $ 2 . 60.
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) ,
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




4 at $ 2 . 60 to

$ 2. 70; 16 at $ 2 . 70 to $ 2 . 80.

25 at $ 2 . 50 to $ 2 . 60; 8 at $ 2 . 70 to $ 2 . 80; 4 a t $ 2 . 90 to $ 3.
10 at $ 1. 15 to $ 1 .2 0 ; 3 at $ 1. 20 t o $ 1. 25; 35 at $ 1 .2 5 to $ 1. 30.
5 at $ 0. 80 to $ 0. 85; 5 at $ 1 .0 5 t o $ 1. 10; 2 at $ 1. 10 t o $ 1. 15.
c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .

_

_
-

_
"

-

55
55

_

~

2
2

9
6
3
1

12
12
-

285
259
26
26

19
11
8
8
-

21
2
19
18
1
-

21
17
4
4
-

102
65
37
34
3

81
77
4
4

72
57
15
13
2

46
46

33
33

_
-

_

"

30
-

-

25
10
15
12
-

5
1
4
1
-

65
64
1
-

44
17

34
29

59
54

2

5

23

2
2

14
7

8
7

2
-

10
10

13
13

-

"

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

20
1
-

39
38
1
1

5
5
-

_ 31
29
2
1

2
2
-

22
6
16
16
-

5
5
-

3
3
3
-

22
22
6 22
-

190
168
22
6
14

21
21
21
-

16
4
12
4

9
4
5
1
“

11
11
-

15
6
9
4

6
6

1
1

9
9

3
3

13
13

_

_

_

_

_

i

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

19
7
12
9
1
-

4
4
1

1
1
-

3
2
1
1
-

1
1
"

1
1
-

2
2
-

18
18

79
79

2
1

102
102

1
1

18
18

_

11
2

1
1

4

3

3

_

1

1

_

8
8

10
10

32
31

36
36

9
9

22
22

39
39

115
113

94
90

53
53

151
151

156
156

-

_

_

-

6

“
169
169

-

3
3

31
31

74
74

371
371

61
61

Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage hourly earnings 1 fo r s e le cte d occup ations 2 studied on an a rea b a sis
in B oston, M a s s ., by industry d ivisio n , A p ril 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O ccupation and ind ustry d ivision

Average
hqprly
eamings

Tender 0 . 8 0
and
under
0 .8 0
.8 5

$
0 .8 5

$
0 .9 0

.9 0

.9 5

$

$
0 .9 5

1.00

1,00

1 .0 5

$

$

1 .0 5

1.10

1,10

1 ,1 5

$

$

1 .1 5

1.20

l .? Q

1 .2 5

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

1 .4 0

1 .4 5

1 .5 0

1.. 5 5

$
1 .7 0

$

1 .3 5

$
1 .6 5

$

1 .3 0

1.60

$

1 .2 5

1 .7 5

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2.00 2.10 2.20

1 .3 0

1 .3 5

1 .4 0

1 .4 5

1 .5 0

1 .5 5

1.60

1 .6 5

1 .7 0

1 .7 5

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2.00 2.10 2„2 Q

$

$

$

and
over
i

E lev a tor o p e ra to r, p a ssen g er
(m e n )__ __ __ __ __ _____
_________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g____________________
Finance * * __________________________
S e rv ice s „
---------— - —
E lev a tor o p e ra to rs , p a ssen ger
(w om en ) __ __ __
_ _ __
N onm anufacturing __ __ __

_ _

F inance * * _________________________
G u a rd s ____________________________________
M anufactur in g_________________________
N onm anufacturing ____ __ _ _ __
F inance * * __________________________
J a n ito rs, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs
(m en ) ___________ ______ ____ ________ ___
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________
N onm anufactur ing
_ ____
P u b lic u tilities * ___________ ______
W h olesale t r a d e ___________________
R etail trade
F inance * * __________________________
S e r v i c e s _______________________ ____
J an itors, p o r t e r s , and cle a n e rs
(w o m e n )___ __ _ ______
____ _____
Manufactur i n g _________________________
N onm anufactur i n g ____________________
R A ta .il t r a d a

Finance * * __________________________
S e r v i c e s ------------------------------------------

$
731
699
379
257

1.12
1.10

24
24

1 .1 9
.9 6

18

6

_
-

441
425
205
156

1 .0 5
1 .0 4

14
14

.9 1
1 .1 7

14

54
54
43

939
558
381
257

1 .5 8
1 .6 5

_
*

_
-

4 .2 8 2

1,982

2 ,3 0 0
381

160

635
826

298

1 .8 8 5
246
1 ,6 3 9
119
1 ,1 8 0
133

L a b o r e r s , m a teria l handling __ __ _ __
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g______ __ ____ __
W holesale t r a d e ___________________
R etail trade _______________________

4 .9 5 6

O rd er f i l l e r s ________________ ____________
M anufacturing
_ __ _ _
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g_____________ _______
W holesale t r a d e ___________________
R etail trade _
__ __
_ __

2 .5 7 4

P a c k e r s , shipping ( m e n ) ___________ __ __
M anufacturing _ __
__
__ __
N onm anufactur i n g ____________________
W holesale trad e ___
R etail t r a d e ________________________

1 .6 9 6
1 ,0 7 2
624
461
142

2,981
1 ,9 7 5
790
859

1 ,0 0 7
1 ,5 6 7
1 ,1 4 8
419

1 .4 9
1 .4 8

1 .3 3
1 .4 5
1 .2 3
1 .4 9
1 .3 9
1 .1 7

1.22

6

_
-

33
33

22
6
6
-

6
-

29
18

19

198

-

38
38
38

60
40

63
63
46

_
_
-

_
-

<0
>

1
2

10
-

10
1
0

1
1

2
1

2

“

-

53
53

21
21

_
-

1
1

-

1

1
1

49

53

21

28

19

139
137

44
43
38

-

-

-

15
14

51
49

18

21
1
1

5
5

-

20
2

151
151
151

5
3

7

20
1
19
19

192
61
131

2
35
24

1
1
7

19
17

240
18

499
48
451

43

31

34
3
14

57

10

89

17

67

36
3
33

97

161

89

18
143

95
51
44

486

38

32

42

126
42
84

92
51
41
35

142

-

-

-

59
423

89
18

17
7

.8 4

*36

65

10

1 .5 2
1 .5 3
1 .5 0
1 .5 2
1 .4 4

5

_
5

5

_
_
_
-

6
6
-

6
-

6
_
-

76
19
57
15
42

16

8

59
30
24
58

20
38
5
30

24

6

8
6
10
13

13

-

-

8
77
60

8

21
1
2

2

7

82

20

56

37
17
65

6

59
-9
50
38

137
15
16

222
1
1
1
1

32

122

66
8

2

102

9
-

17

40
17
23
5

483

539

9

135
74

157
92
65

230
155
75
43
32

61

17

1

2
1

2

4

_
_

-

-

-

-

5
5

1
1

_
-

2
2

14
3

8

5

-

-

_
_

2

_
_

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_
_

267

220
47
17

20

100
6

233

59
25

154

-

8

14

18

1

1
2
3
9

16
4

12

5
11

6

35
29

6

39
13

61 211
18
43
16

163
48
15

140
75
65

546
381

_

22
10

16

1
6

8
8
20

-

-

-

31

51
48
3

10

20
1
1

_

29

18

8
10

165
97
13
48
5

71
16
55
37

30
15
15

141
65
76
48

99
77

_

_
_

21

9

22
21
1

57
52
5
5

90
48
42
31
9

2

169
150

54
33

13
13

19

10

83
35
48
4
15

168
163
5

5

21
21
37
27

10
_

10

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

246

483
392
91
18
73

256
152
104

63
56

180
73
98

_
-

-

-

488
281

347
173
174
62

380
240
140
5
95

239
187
52
4
26

342
131

225
215

56
40

323
232

14

91
87

4

_
-

_
_
-

3
3

-

3
T

2
2

_
_
_
_
_

_
_

-

_
-

_
_
_
-

1
1

3
3

_
_
-

2

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

29

2

5

47
29
18
18

_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_

1

84

30
26

1
6

9
71

575
25
550
3

39

2

90

69
53

56

_
14

4

21

6

40
28

14

6
33

10
20

34

9

39

-

9
28

9

22
6

_

159
48

2

4

_

207

92

74
65

2

_

131

244
54
37

-

24

_

298

170

120

494

22

14
3

1
1
10

290

-

8

1
2

281
133
148

59

16

1
6

15

61

-

4
_
4

10

31

56
52

-

19
5

145
80
65
56

20
1
8

-

31

9
17
17

77
3

-

-

26

3

36
4
32

-

-

5
98
338

1?

1
6

2

-

57
4

24

_

10

15
13

-

18

22

-

-

25
25

29

61

_

1
2

49

40

16

-

-

-

12

100

_

16
16

1
2
21

-

2

237

12

44

-

1

140

2

_
-

10

174
19
155

6

-

-

20
6

109
108

27
26

.
-

92
41
51

See footnotes at end o f table.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
** Finance, insurance, and real estate.




29

_
-

59

1 .5 9
1 .2 3

6

82
5
77

-

1 .1 5
1 .2 7
1 .1 3

1 .5 2
1 .5 3
1 .5 0

215
215

55
14
41

85

359

1 .5 5
1 .6 4
1 .5 0
1 .4 6
1 .6 0

-

85

.9 6

.9 3
1 .1 8

29
29

94
83

1
1

79
69

1

280
74
206
58
148

316
251
65
52
3

77
26
51
48

60
35
25

3
19
13

6
1
5

16

9
42

21
21
19

2

291
225

66
51

1
2

116
30

86
35
51

98

196
109
87
73
4

270
42
228
228

113

54

66

44

47
47

31
13

207
26
4

130

66
64
48

16

112

211
161

10
10

1
6

50

-

2

138
130

129
74

154
152

50
40

8
5
3

55
55

2
1
1

10
10

66

111
98
13

2‘
11

281
33
248
54
194

29
43

51
33
18
18

-

239
48

2

191
189

2
2

Occupational Wage Survey, Boston, M a ss., April 1955
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

2

_

7
7

28

6
22

6

58

6
6

58
58

-

-

1
1
1
1

1
0

_

5
5

22
-

-

5
-

26
26

6
6

8

_

_

-

_

_

_

8

10

Table A-4:

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations - Continued

(A vera g e hourly ea rn in g s 1 fo r se le cte d occu p ation s 2 studied on an a re a b a sis
in B oston, M a s s ., by industry d ivision , A p ril 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
f
$
$
9
$
$
9
t
Undei 0 .8 0 0 .8 5 0 .9 0 0 .9 5 1 .0 0 1.05 1.10 1 .15 1.20 *1.25 *1.30 • . j 5 *1.40 *1.45 *1.50 *1.55 *1.60 *1.65 *1.70 *1,75 *1.80 *1.90 ^ .0 0 *2.10 *2.20
i
and
$
and
0 .8 0 {under
.8 5
.9 0
.9 5 1.00 1 .0 5 1.10 1 .1 5 1 .20 1.25 1 .3 0 1 .3 5 1.40 1.45 1.50 1.55 1 .60 1 .6 5 1 .7 0 1 .7 5 1 .8 0 1.90 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 o v e r
!

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Average
hourly
earnings

P a ck e rs , shipping (w om en) _
________
Manufacturing __
__ _
_ __
N onm anufacturing__________________ __

381
208
173

$
1.20
1.23
1.16

-

15
14
| 1
1
!

R eceiving cle rk s
M anu factu ring_________________________
Nonmanufacturing _ __
_____
W holesale trade _ _ .
R etail trade
S e rv ice s

875
431
444
170
212
54

1 .5 3
1 .6 5
1.41
1.57
1 .3 4
1.11

_
.
-

_
_
-

Shipping cle rk s _ _ _ _ _
Manufacturing . ---_
__ __
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
W holesale trade ____ ___
Retail trade

807
355
452
286
134

1 .6 4
1 .7 4
1.56
1 .6 4
1.46

_
_
-

Shipping and re ceiv in g cle rk s
Manufactur mg
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale t r a d e ___________________
Retail t r a d e __________ , __________
—

555
180
375
113
225

1 .6 5
1.68
1 .6 4
1.51
1.71

-

T ru ck d rive rs, light (under IV2 t o n s ) ____
M anu factu ring_______ _________________
Nonmanufactur i n g _________ __ _________
W holesale t r a d e ____ ________ ______
S e r v i c e s __________________ _________

427
178
249
110
74

1.57
1.72
1 .4 5
1.52
1.38

T ru ck d riv e rs, m edium (lV t to and
including 4 tons) __
__ ^
_______ ____
Manufactur ing ________________________
Nonmanufactur i n g ____________ . ________
P ublic utilities * ________________ _
W holesale trade ___________________
R etail t r a d e ________________________

1.246
570
676
65
235
314

1.70
1.82
1.60
1.78
1.65
1.57

T ru ck d riv e rs, heavy (ov er 4 tons,
tra ile r t y p e ) _______________________ __ __
M a n u fa c tu rin g ________________ _______
NonmanufactUring ____________________
W holesale trade
Retail trade

801
155
646
337
145

1 .9 4
1.91
1.95
2 .0 5
1.87

T ru ck d riv e rs, heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
other than tra ile r type). _
M a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________
Nonmanufacturing
________________ __
P ublic utilities * ___________ ________
W holesale t r a d e ___________________

877
125
752
249
263

1.83
1.89
1.82
1.74
1.95

Occupation and industry d ivision

4

5

32
6
26

33
13
20

38
32
6

37
3
34

3

19*

8
8

3

2

|

2

2

-

-

56
56

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_ 2

4

5

3

16

14

6

16

16
16
-

14
8
6

6
_
6

16
2
5
9

34
14
20
4
10
6

49
20
29
2
13
14

16
5
11
_
5
6

17
5
12
_
12
-

35
2
33
-

4?
1
41
24
17
-

76
41
34
15
16
3

2?
10
19
5
14
-

43
31
12
5
2
2

53
14
39
30
9
-

41
7
34
23
11
-

86
69
17
8
9
-

35
26
9
_
6
2

42
39
3
3
-

52
41
11
_
11
-

62
22
40
35
5
-

30
12
18
8
6
-

58
58
_
_
-

6
1
5
5
*

18
15
3
2
1
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

9
6
3
2
1

1
_
1
_
1

17

_
-

17
_
17

5
_
5
4
1

15
_
15
2
13

46
10
36
2
16

36
14
22
5
17

43
3
40
8
26

43
14
29
16
11

13
6
7
5
1

59
15
44
41
-

92
11
81
78
3

58
37
21
19
-

6?
49
13
13
-

46
35
11
8
3

29
16
13
8
5

86
57
29
28
1

42
14
28
28
-

59
36
23
15
8

15
15
•

31
17
14
4
10

11

24

-

-

-

-

11
10

24
24

14
5
5

11
3
8
8

22
5
17
17

15
_
15
8
6

7
2
5
5
-

38
11
27
10

24
23
1
.
1

48
24
24
8
10

73
5
68
68

27

-

27
27

100
43
57
20
34

45
21
24
_
24

48
23
25
17

_
_
-

47
28
19
13
6

33
33
- .
1

43
7
36
_
33

5?
14
38
35
-

?6
35
1
-

7
2
5
2
3

2
2
2
-

22
12
10
10
-

10
9
1
_
-

28
18
10
_
3

8
4
4
_
2

23
3
20
20
-

_
_

44
34
10

58
53
5

77
9
68

192
18
174

114
55
59

85
16
69

5
-

_
62

69
105

59

59
9

110
34
76
28
26
22

103
44
59
13
40
6

222
158
64
12
26
26

23
9
14
12
2
-

75
75
_
_
_

1
1
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

5
2
3

2
2
-

5
3
2

6
5
1

83
18
65

x

92
34
58
58

18
18
_

2

471
73
398
160
74

119
_
119
7 I.I7
1 |Q

267
1
266
100

136
11
125
80
5

169
17
152
32
96

4

46
41
5
5

99
5
94
_
8 94

4
_
4
.
-

.
-

_
.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

10

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

1
1
_
-

8
8
.
8

5

23
23
16
6

2
_
2
2
-

_
-

_
_
-

_

10

5

10

_
-

5

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

3?

8
-

_
-

-

8
8

l
1
.
-

19

22
14
8
2
6

?3
23
8
6

_
-

8

55

8

55

_
-

-

-

8
-

-

_
-

_
10

-

-

-

-

.
-

-

*_

•

3

.
-

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

14
14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

38
38
38

1
See footnotes at end o f tab le.
* T ransportation (exclu din g ra ilro a d s ), com m u n ica tion , and other public u tilitie s.




84
70
14

40
14
26

-

3

58
58
28
30

7
7
_

10
10
4
5

-

25
6
19
13
6
32
6 32
_
_
-

64
* 64
_

65

39
29
10
_

4
4

Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations - Continued
(A verage h ou rly earning s 1 fo r s e le c te d occu p ation s 2 studied on an a re a b a s is
in B oston, M a s s ., by industry d iv isio n , A p ril 1955)

T r u c k e r s , pow er (fo rk lift) —
_
M anufacturing
_ —
—
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g___ __ ______________
W h olesa le trade
—
- _
__
R eta il t r a d e ________________________

712
522
190
62
86

$
1.75
1.72
1.82
1.77
1.90

T r u c k e r s , pow er (other than f o r k l i f t ) __
M anufacturing
_
___ __

164
164
1.118
716
402
53
94
168
58

1.34
1.40
1.23
1.36
1.19
1.22
1.04

} .0 5

}.1 0

1 .1 5 \ .2 0 } . 2 5

1 .10

1.15

1 .20

1 .2 5

1.77
1.77

___
__
____
W atchm en
M a n u fa ctu rin g __ ______________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g____________________
W holesa le tra d e __ _
_ _
R eta il trade __
__
F i n a n c e * * _________________________
S e r v i c e s ------------------------------------------

i •
o
o

O ccu p a tion and industry d iv ision

Avenge Under J .8 0 &.85 fc.90 i . 9 5
hourly
and
earnings $
0 .8 0 under
.8 5
.9 0
.9 5 1 .00

•
o

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVIN G STRAIGHT-TIM E HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Number
of
workers

-

26
26
4 12

-

-

-

-

5
_
5
5

-

-

-

4 14

1
_
1
-

1

-

43
28
15
10
-

5

-

-

-

2

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

20
18
2

-

-

-

-

-

2
_
2
-

-

6
6

-

57
26
31
7
6
18

59
42
17
10
7

-

53
33
20
10
10

74
28
46
14
1
31

* E xclu d es p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h o lid a ys, and late sh ifts.
Data lim ite d to m en w o r k e rs e x cep t w h ere otherw ise indicated.
3 W ork ers w e r e d istrib u ted as fo llo w s : 16 at $ 0 .7 0 to $ 0 .7 5 ; 43 at $ 0 .7 5 to $ 0 .8 0 .
4 W ork ers w ere a ll at $ 0 .7 5 to $ 0 .8 0 .
5 W ork ers w ere d istrib u ted as fo llo w s : 2 at $ 0 .6 5 to $ 0 .7 0 ; 10 at $ 0 .7 0 to $ 0 .7 5 ; 24 at $ 0 .7 5 to $ 0 .8 0 .
6 W ork ers w e r e a ll at $ 2 .4 0 to $ 2 .4 5 .
7 W o rk e rs w e r e d istrib u ted as fo llo w s : 44 at $ 2 .2 5 to $ 2 .3 0 ; 45 at $ 2 .3 5 to $2 ** ; 30 at $ 2 .4 0 to $ 2 .4 5 .
0
* W ork ers w ere d istrib u ted a s fo llo w s: 51 at $ 2 .2 5 to $ 2 .3 0 ; 17 at $ 2 .3 5 to $ 2 .4 0 ; 26 at $ 2 .4 0 to $ 2 .4 5 .
* * F in a n ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l e s ta te .




1.30

101
12
89
13
67
9

120
83
37
26
11

\ .3 0 ^ .3 5 \ .4 0 \ .4 5 ^ .5 0 \ .5 5 *1.60 *1.65 *1.70 \ .7 5 \ .8 0 *1.90 ^ .0 0 ^ .1 0 *2.20
and
1.35

1 .4 0

1 .4 5

1.50

1 .5 5

1 .6 0

1 .6 5

1.70

1.75

1.80

1.90

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

over

45
18
27
26

17
11
6

90
81
9

29
29
-

5

-

78
23
55
13
12

126
61
65
65

36
36
_
-

11
11
-

8

-

1£6
141
15
15
-

-

2
2

-

-

.59
59
-

2?
26
3

-

-

-

3

-

-

6
6

-

-

2
2

11
11

11
11

17
17

20
20

26
26

24
24

15
15

22
22

4
4

75
61
14
3
1
4
6

84
72
12
4
1
6
1

40
24
16
-

38
27
11
2

50
48
2
1

96
75
21
-

26
17
9

61
58
3
3

32
26
6

43
40
3

11
9
2

. 10
4
6
6

7
3
4
4

4
_
4
4

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

1

-

-

-

-

13
3

9

1

-

8

1
1

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

8
8
-

-

_
-

12




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-1: Shift Differential Provisions *
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
(a)
In establishments having
formal provisions for—

Shift differential

Second shift
work

Third or other
shift work

(b)
Actually working on—

Second shift

Third or other
shift

78. 8

69.5

10.3

2 .7

-------

7 6.6

69.5

9 .7

2 .7

Uniform cents (per hour) —____________ _________ -______
4 cents ___________________ _____________________________
5 cents____________ _____________________________________
6 cents__________ —
____ —___________ _____ -_____________
7 cents
,.
.
.
__
7l/a cents _ ___ ________ ___________ r
_
_________________
8 cents
— — ----------------------------------------------- — —
9 cents------ ----------------- ----------- — - _ -----------------

36. 3
1.5
9 .2
.9
3 .7
3 .0
2 .5
1.4

33.2
1.3
2. 1
5 .0
3 .4
2 .3

4 .7
.2
.9
.1
.4
.3
.2
. 1

1.6
-

-

1 .0

-

— -------- ~ ------------- -------- — —
Over 10 and under 15 cents _____________ —__ _______
_
15 ce n ts -----------------__ —
-----Over 15 cents ----- -------- --------

9 .3
2 .0
1 .2
1. 7

12.2
1.1
1.2
3. 7

A
.7
.2

Uniform percentage _____________________________________
~ — - —
5 percent — ----------- ------ - ---------------—
7 percent ________ __________ ________ ___________________
7
percent
______ _____________ „___________ ______
-------- ------------------- ~ - ---------------10 percen t -------1 2 1/2 percent __ — ---------------------------------- — ---------- —
15 percent --------------------------------------------------------------------

37. 1
5. 7

34.5

1. 1
-

2 8.9
1.5
-

2 .2
2. 4
21.3
8 .6

Full day’s pay for reduced hours ----------------------------------

3. 2

1. 8

A

-

No shift pay differential--------------------------------------------------------

2 .2

-

.6

-

Total . ------- ------ —-------------------

----------------- — ----------------

With shift pay differential ---------------- ------

9 l/ 2 Cfints
10 cents _ —

— — —

____

-

.9
1 .1

.3
.2

5 .0
.6
. 1
-

3. 8
.5
-

-

. 1
. 1
.2
A

A
.3
1. 1
A
A
.8

.3

1 Shift differential data are presented in terms of (a) establishment policy and (b) workers actually employed on late shifts
at the time of the survey. An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following conditions: (1) Oper­
ated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
A Less than 0. 05 percent.
Occupational Wage Survey, Boston, M ass. , April 1955
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

13

Table B-2? Minimum Entrance Rates for W om en)O ffice W o rkers 1
Number o f establishm ents with specified minimum hiring rate in—
Manufacturing
Minimum rate
(weekly salary)

A il
schedules

Establishm ents s tu d ie d _____ ______ _________________________

250

Manufactur ing

Nonmanufactur ing

B ased on standard weekly hours 2 of—

A ll
industries

85

40

XXX

Number o f establishm ents with specified minimum hiring rate in—

A ll
schedules

165

37 V*

XXX

AU
industries

A ll
schedules

40

XX X

250

FOR INEXPERIEh rCED TYPIS TS
43

30

_
_
_ _
_______________________________
_
_______________________________
___
_______________________________
___„_____ ,___ __________________
_________________ ____ ________
- _ _

1
9
7
38
26
25
8
6
4
3
3
1

1
1
10
8
10
2
4
3
2
1
1

_
1
1
6
5
6
1
3
3
2
1
1

1
8
6
28
18
15
6
2
1
1
2
-

Establishm ents having no specified m in im u m _____________

53

22

XXX

31

Establishm ents which did not em ploy w orkers
in this ca tegory ______ ______________________________ _____

65

20

XXX

XXX

Establishm ents having a specified m in im u m __
$ 2 7 .5 0
$ 3 0 .0 0
$ 3 2 .5 0
$ 3 5 .0 0
$ 3 7 .5 0
$ 4 0 .0 0
$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
over

$ 3 0 .0 0
$ 32 .50
$35 .00
$ 3 7 .5 0
$ 40 .00
$ 42 .50
$ 45 .00
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 52 .50
$ 5 5 .0 0

Inform ation not available

_

_____
_ vr ^
..... __ _____

131

1

40

A ll
schedules

85

XXX

165

FOR OTHER INICXPERIENC;e d CLERIC a l
145

51

-

1
11
9
42
29
29
9
4
4
4
2
1

*
2
2
12
11
12
3
2
3
3
1

_
1

XXX

XXX

66

23

45

XXX

XX X

38

11

1

XXX

XXX

1

88

Nonmanufactur ing

Based on standard weekly hours 2 of—

22

_
3
1
7
6
4
1
-

_
-

37
_
4
2
7
8
7
4
2
1
_
2

35

37 V2

40

XX X

XXX

w o r k e ;RS

26

1
9
7
JO
18
17
6
2
1
1
2

.
4
2
8
6
5
1
_

-

-

XXX

43

XXX

XXX

XXX

27

XXX

XXX

XXX

«

94

1

XXX

XXX

1
2
9
5
9
1
1
3

3

_
_
_

37
.

2
4
10
6
6
4
1
1
1
2

1 L ow est salary rate form a lly established for hiring inexperienced w orkers fo r typing or other cle rica l jo b s .
Hours r e fle ct the workw.eek for which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e s ala ries. Data are presented for all workweeks com bined, and for the m ost com m on workweeks.




Occupational Wage Survey, Boston, M a s s., A pril 1955
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau o f Labor Statistics

14

Table B-3*. Frequency of W age Payment
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED I N -

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED I K -

Frequency o f payment
Manufacturing

W eekly-----------------------B iw eeklySemimonthly ■
M onthly--------

1
A
*
**

100

59
23
13
5

90

A

100

100

99

100

A ll workers —

71
9
21

A
A

4
4

100

100

96

13
56

4

22

72
15
13

100

99

99
A

94
5

98

A
A

A

100

99
A

A

10

Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 2 .5 percent.
Transportation (excluding railroa ds), com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.

Table B-4: Scheduled W eekly Hours
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Weekly hours

|

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

jI

100

100

4

_

_
.

7

8
11
9
13
A
6

All
industries

Manufacturing

100

100

100

8
A
A
17
A
_

Public .
utilities*

Finance**

Services

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
All ,
industries

Manufacturing

100

100

A
A

3
A

_
-

.
.

7
A

7
.
_
_
_
84

Public .
utilities*

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

_
_
.
_

_
_
-

3

7

_

_
_
_

f

Under 3 5 h o u r s _________________________________
3 5 h o u rs -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 6V4 h o u rs ------------------------------------------------------- —----------------—
Over 36Y4 and under 3 l l! z h o u r s -------------------------------37V2 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------—--------------------38 h o u rs ---------------------------------------------------------------------------—
Over 38 and under 383 h o u r s ------------------------------------/4
38^4 h o u r s ------------------------ ---- -------Over 383 and under 40 hours ------------------------------------/4
40 h o u rs -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 40 and under 42 h o u r s -----------------------------------------42 hours -------------------------------------- — ------------------Over 42 and under 44 h o u r s -----------------------------------------44 h o u rs --------------------------------------------------------------47*/2 hours ------------------------------— -— . . . . . . — . . . . . .
-— .
48 hour 8 -------------------- ---- ------------------------------------5 0 hours -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

*
4
A
*
**

A
9
8
3
27
3
A
8
A
38
A
_
_
A
_
.

5

66

_
_
_
A
.
_

58
.

_
A
.
37
_
_
_
_
_

-

33
_

3
3
53
.
_
-

A
.
.

Data relate to women w orkers only.
Includes data fo r real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 2 .5 p ercen t.
Transportation (excluding railroa ds), com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.




6
8

37
.
.
_
_
-

100
3
9
15
4
34
7
3
15
11
_
_
_
_
-

100

30
3
3
18

A
_
A
42
A
_
-

|
1

i

A

72
-

-

6

A

A
3
A
A

-

3
-

A

_
_
100
-

3
.
_
78

3
8
.
32

-

-

K

_

_

_
_
65

_

3

27
4
-

17
_

5

7

7

A

-

-

.
-

6
5

-

5

Occupational Wage Survey, Boston, M as3 ., A pril 1955
U .S . DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
Bureau o f Labor Statistics

15

Table B-5: Paid Holiday Provisions
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Item

A
il
iadustriee

PubBe.

W
holesale
trade

trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Fioaase**

gervieee

All a
tednetiias

Public
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

100

A ll w ork ers

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
A
A
A
A
9
3
6
23
54
A

100

100
.

100

100

100

95

47

.
4
19
6
13
30
26
A

.
A
A
6
A
55
35

.
A
_
A
5
43
50

98
6
11
A
35
A
A
24
18

100

-

.

-

-

A

-

-

-

A

30
21
6

52
35
14

57
51
5

17
15

A

55
39
16

A

A
A
A

•
“

-

-

Number of paid holidays
W orkers in establishm ents providing paid
holidays
L e s s than 4 days
__
4 days
__
5 days
6 days --------- — _
...
? days
8 days _____________
__
9 days
--------10 days ______
11 days _ ____ - . - ___ ___ . - _____________ __
_
Over 11 days
—
W orkers in establishm ents providing no
paid holidays
__

-

-

-

-

-

94
A
3
3
14
27
6
8
21
8
A

100
A

-

5
A
8
7
9
58
11

-

-

91
8
15
A
.
31
A
A
31
4
-

-

-

6

-

-

5

9

53

8
4

7
6

A

71
23
43

42

-

60
24
31

34
11
22

58
45
4

21
8
14

-

•

3

A
A
A

A

-

9

A
A

“

A

"

_

3
8
89

-

4
20
33
12
11
14
4
A

-

-

A
7
9

8
4
3
8
35
38

-

9
52
21

-

Q
14
12
6
A
3
A
-

P rov ision s fo r holidays occurine
on nonworkdays J
With p rov ision s fo r holidays falling on
Saturday ____ - . - ________________ _
Another day o ff with pay
E xtra d a y ’s pay
Option o f another day o ff o r extra
d a y ’ s pay
P rov ision s d iffer fo r various holidays
O th er p r o v is in n s

----

_.

Saturday is a scheduled w orkday for all
w ork ers.
N o p rov ision s (or no pay) fo r holidays foiling
on Saturday
With p rov ision s fo r holidays foiling
on Sunday
------- .
_ _
A nother day o ff with pay
—
E xtra d a y ’s pay .
__
•__
Option o f another day o ff o r extra
day’ s p a y ________
_
P rov ision s d iffer fo r variou s holidays
Other p rov ision s
_____
Sunday is a scheduled w orkday for all
w ork ers
_
No p rov ision s (o r no pay) fo r holidays
falling on S u n d a y --------------------------------------------------

A

A

A

A
A

A nother day o ff with pay
E xtra d a y's pay
Option o f another day o ff o r extra
d ay's pay
P rov ision s d iffer fo r various h o lid a y s ______
Other p rov ision s No p rov ision s (o r no pay) fo r holidays
foilin g during vacation
.

34
4

~

A

_

.

-

A

-

-

5

-

47

-

4

-

70

48

43

83

43

92

93

29

29

11

62

29

25

96
96

100
99

100
100

100
100

98
98

100
100

34
34

-

-

-

-

85
84
A

26
26

-

53
31
18

95
95

.

86
83
A

98
95

.

A

.
.
-

-

-

-

-

A
A

A
A

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

A
-

_
-

-

-

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

4

-

47

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

A

-

66

4

A

“

-

6

21

84
73

85
69
13

98
29
19

77
71
3

67
61
5

95
95

28
25

6

-

A

74
41
24

81
42
36

95
27
20

77
58
3

63
54
4

12
6
4

5

4

50

3

-

8

3

47

15

6

A

.

A
-

3

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

A

23

32

5

72

21

19

5

19

28

35

With p rov ision s fo r holidays foiling
Hnrinjr vs* rilHnn

A

.
16

_
15

1 E stim ates include only full-day holidays provided annually.
* Includes data fo r rea l estate in addition to those industry division s shown separately.
s lim it e d to p rov ision s in establishm ents having a form al p o licy applying when holidays o ccu r on nonworkdays; som e o f the estim ates would be slightly higher if p ra ctices determ ined inform ally as
the situation o cc u rs w ere included.
A
A L e s s thpr 2. 5 p ercen t.
Occupational Wage Survey, Boston, M ass. , A p ril 1955
* Transportation (excluding ra ilroa ds), com m unication, and other public u tilities.
U .S . DEPARTMENT O F X A B O R
** F inance, insurance, and real estate.
Bureau o f Labor Statistics




16

Table B-6: Paid Vacations
PERCENT OP OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED I N -

Vacation p olicy

A il workers

-

Public
utilities*

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100
100
_

100
100
_
_

100
100
.

All
industries

100

— __ __ __

M
anufacturing

100
100
_
_

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Services

All .
industries1

M
anufacturing

100

100

100

100

100
100
_
_

100
100
_
_

100
100
_
_

99
90
9
A

2 100
85
14
A

-

-

-

-

A

-

A
54
3
40
A

A
72
6
19
A

9
_
91
-

26
_
74
-

77
-

A
31
16
51
A
A

A
46
28
24
A
A

_
6
A
92
_
-

_
11
A
88
_
-

_
A
_
97
A
-

Finance **

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100
100
_

100
100
_

100
100
_
_

96
84
12
_

Public *
utilities

METHOD OF PAYMENT
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations r
_____
L ength-of-tim e payment __
Percentage p a ym en t________________________
Other ___ __
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations

-

_

4

AMOUNT OF VACATION PAY
After 1 year o f service.
Under 1 w e e k __________________________________
1 week _________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ___ . ________ __
2 weeks
_ ..______
,rr„ ,
3 weeks

_
5
_
90
5

_
4
_
94
A

_
A
_
99
-

_
6
_
94
-

_
21
_
79
-

_
_
90
10

_
19
_
69

_
A
_
92
A

_
A
96
A
A

_
A
_
99
_
-

_
A
99
-

_
_
_
98
A
-

_
_
_
87
13

_
5
_
84
11

_

_

_

A

_
_
_
98

„
_

_

A

A

A

5

18
16
64

24
27
46

11

23

82
_
15
-

A fter 2 yea rs o f service
Under 1 w e e k __________________________________
1 week
......
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _ __
. _
2 w e e k s ____.. . ____________ __________ __________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ______ _____ ___ ____
3 weeks -------------------------------------------------------------

6

37

_

59
-

After 3 yea rs o f service

_
92

_
97

A

A

_
_
_
99
_

7

A

A

A

_
92

8

_
97
_
3

'

Under 1 w e e k _____ _________ ___________ _______
I week _________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _ „
_ _ __
___
2 weeks
., r
_ , ... .
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
__ _ _
3 weeks
_ __

'

A

_
99
_
-

A
-

87
_
13

_
70
_
26

_

_

_

6

8
4
88

A

-

A

A

_
92
_

A

A

A

A

3
87

98

4

A

_

_
97

35

A

_
61
_

-

-

A fter 5 years o f service
1 week _
2 weeks
__
___
__ _
Over 2 and under 3 weeks __
3 weeks ___
— ___
__
4 weeks and o v e r ___
_

^

. .
_ _
____

71
3
26
A

A

A

99
_
_

See footnotes at end of table.
♦ Transportation (excluding ra ilroa ds), com m unication, and other public u tilities.
** Finance, insurance, and real estate.




_
58
_
42

48
7
44

_
45
_
49
6

82
4
12

6

'

7
93
_
_

A

.

57

93

42

3

'

‘

Occupational Wage Survey, B oston, M a s s ., A p ril 1955
U .S . DEPARTM ENT OF LiABOR
Bureau o f Labor Statistics

NOTE: In the tabulations o f vacation allow ances by years o f s e rv ice , payments other than "length o f tim e ",
such as percentage o f annual earnings or flat-su m paym ents, were converted to an equivalent tim e
b asis; for exam ple, a payment o f 2 percen t o f annual earnings was considered as 1 w eek's pay.

17

Table B-6: Paid Vqcations

Continued

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN -

V acation p olicy

A ll w orkers

_

_

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public
u tilities*

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

85

88

A
87

43

_

_

_

14

12

12

25

33
7
59

38

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

A

“

~

33

-

10

24

31
59

F in an ce**

Services

All
,
industries 12

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

A
73
3
14
A
7

3
79
5
12
A
A

88

7
88

A
47

87

_

_

_

12

_

6

_

20

9

-

-

32

-

A
29
A
58
A
7

3
30
3
61
3
A

6

7
44

A
27
A
59
A
8

3
26
3
63
3
A

A
25
A

3
25
3
59
3
6

AMOUNT OF VACATION PAY - Continued

A fter 10 yea rs o f service

1 week _ _ _ _ _ _ _
, _
2 weeks _ __ __ __ __
_ _ _ _ _
__
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ____ _____ ____ ___ ___
3 w e e k s ____ _
_ _
_
_ __
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ____________________
4 weeks and over __
__
____
___ _ __

A
60
3
34

_

51

_

A fter 15 yea rs of service

! w e e k _________________________
2 weeks ___ __ ____
_
_
_____ __
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _______ _______________ _
3 weeks
___
__ __
_
_
_ __
__
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s ___________ ___________
4 weeks and o v e r _______ _____ _____________ _____ _

A
17
3
77

4

A
41

11

_

_

_

_

76

96

58

57

7
7
86

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

A

■

~

33

~

10

A
16

21

4

A
41

11

7

31

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

74

79

95

58

56

77

59

_

_

_

_

10

A

A

A
13

20

4

_

_

_

66

74

92

_

A
16

83

51

13

_

_
49
_

-

-

32

-

6

7
44

A
16

83

_

_

94

49

_

13

_

49

"

-

34

-

6

7
36

A
13

79

_

94

_

_

_

A fter 20 y ea rs o f service

1 week
___
_ ..
... .
2 weeks
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks ____________________
3 weeks
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s _____ ___ ____________
4 weeks and over

_

34

17

10

A
34

10
_

_
_

30

_

53

34

66

_

_
_

A fter 25 yea rs o f service

1 week _ __ ___________
_ _
_ __
_
2 weeks
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ____________________
3 weeks
____ __
_______ __ __
_ _
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ____________________
4 weeks and o v e r __
__________

1
2
A
♦
**

_

21

.

_

_

_

_

60
_

6

4

12

56

' 34

10

Includes data fo r real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
A pproxim ately one percent were in establishments that did not provide vacations until after 2 years o f s e rv ice .
L ess than 2 .5 percen t.
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.




_

56

A
13

_

87

_

7

_
53
_
5

_

45

_

41

17
_




19
APPENDIX:

JOB DESCRIPTIONS

The p r im a r y p u rp o se o f p re p a rin g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B ureau*s w age su rv e y s is to
a s s is t its fie ld sta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p ro p ria te o ccu p a tio n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d un der
a v a r ie ty of p a y r o ll titles and d iffe r e n t w o r k a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m e sta b lish m e n t to e sta b lish m e n t
and fr o m a re a to a r e a .
This is e s se n tia l in o r d e r to p e r m it the grou pin g o f o ccu p a tio n a l wage*
ra te s re p re se n tin g co m p a ra b le jo b con ten t.
B e ca u se o f this em p h asis on in te r e sta b lish m en t and
in te r a r e a co m p a ra b ility o f o ccu p a tio n a l con ten t, the B ureau*s jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d iffe r s ig n ifi­
ca n tly fr o m th ose in u se in individu al estab lish m en ts o r th ose p r e p a r e d f o r oth er p u r p o s e s .
In
app ly in g th ese jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the Bureau*s fie ld r e p r e s e n ta tiv e s a r e in stru cte d to exclu d e w o r k ­
ing s u p e r v is o r s , a p p re n tice s , le a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s, tr a in e e s , han dicapped w o r k e r s , p a r t-t im e ,
te m p o r a r y , and p rob a tio n a ry w o r k e r s .

Office
B IL L E R , M ACHINE

BO O K K EE PIN G -M AC H IN E O P E R A T O R - Continued

P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts, b ills , and in v o ice s on a m a ch in e oth er
than an o r d in a r y o r e le c tr o m a tic ty p e w rite r. M ay a ls o keep r e c o r d s
a s to b illin g s o r shippin g ch a rg e s o r p e r fo r m oth er c l e r i c a l w o r k in ­
cid e n ta l to b illin g o p e r a tio n s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , b ille r s ,
m a ch in e , a r e c la s s if ie d b y type o f m a ch in e, as fo llo w s :
B ille r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e) - U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g
m a ch in e (M oon H opk in s, E llio tt F is h e r , B u rrou g h s, e tc . , w hich
a r e com b in a tion typing and adding m a ch in es) to p r e p a r e b ills and
in v o ic e s fr o m cu s to m e r s* p u rch a se o r d e r s , in te rn a lly p re p a r e d
o r d e r s , shippin g m e m o r a n d a , e tc .
U sually in v o lv e s a p p lica tion
o f p r e d e te r m in e d d isco u n ts and shipping ch a rg es and en try o f
n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w hich m a y o r m a y not be com pu ted on the
b illin g m a ch in e , and tota ls w hich a re a u to m a tica lly accu m u lated
b y m a ch in e .
The o p e ra tio n u su a lly in volves a la r g e n u m ber o f
c a r b o n c o p ie s o f the b ill bein g p re p a re d and is often done on a
fa n fold m a ch in e .
B ille r , m a ch in e (bookkeepin g m a ch in e ) - U ses a b ookk eep in g
m a ch in e (Sundstrand, E llio tt F is h e r , R em ington Rand, e t c . , w hich
m a y o r m a y n ot h ave ty p e w rite r k eyb oard ) to p r e p a r e cu sto m e rs*
b ills as p a r t o f the a ccou n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e ra tio n .
G e n e ra lly
in v o lv e s the sim u ltan eou s entry of fig u re s on cu sto m e rs* le d g e r
record .
The m a ch in e a u tom a tica lly a ccu m u lates fig u r e s on a
n u m ber o f v e r t ic a l colu m n s and com pu tes and u su a lly p rin ts a u to­
m a tic a lly the d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n ce s.
D oes not in v olv e a k n ow l­
edge o f b ook k eep in g .
W ork s fro m u n iform and standard types o f
s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes

a book k eep in g m ach ine

(R em ington

Rand,

E llio tt

Digitized forh e r , Sundstrand, B u rro u g h s, N ational Cash R e g is te r , with o r w ith ­
F is FRASER
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ r k e y b o a rd ) to keep a r e c o r d o f b u sin ess tra n s a c tio n s .
out a ty p e w rite
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

C la ss A - K eeps a se t o f r e c o r d s re q u irin g a know ledge o f
and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b ook k eep in g p r in c ip le s and fa m ilia r ity with
the s tru ctu re o f the p a r tic u la r a ccou n tin g sy stem u se d .
D e te r ­
m in es p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d istrib u tio n o f debit and c r e d it item s
to be u sed in ea ch phase o f the w o r k .
M ay p re p a r e co n so lid a te d
r e p o r t s , b a la n ce s h e e ts, and oth er r e c o r d s by hand.
C la s s B - K eeps a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e phases o r se ctio n s
o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u su a lly re q u irin g little know ledge o f b a s ic b o o k ­
k eep in g.
P h a ses o r s e ctio n s in clu d e a ccou n ts p aya b le, p a y r o ll,
cu s to m e rs* a cco u n ts (not inclu din g a sim p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d
under b ille r , m a ch in e ), c o s t d istrib u tion , expen se d istrib u tion , in ­
v e n to ry c o n tr o l, e tc .
M ay ch e ck o r a s s is t in p re p a ra tio n o f tria l
b a la n ce s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l sh eets f o r the a ccou n tin g departm ent.
C L E R K , ACCOUN TIN G
C la ss A - Under g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n o f a b o o k k eep er o r a cco u n t­
ant, has r e s p o n s ib ility f o r keepin g one o r m o r e s e ctio n s o f a c o m ­
p le te set o f b ook s o r r e c o r d s rela tin g to one phase o f an e s ta b lis h ­
m e n t s b u sin e ss tr a n s a c tio n s . W ork in v o lv e s p ostin g and balan cin g
s u b s id ia ry le d g e r o r le d g e r s su ch as a ccou n ts r e c e iv a b le o r a c ­
counts p aya b le; exam inin g and cod in g in v o ic e s o r vo u ch e rs with
p r o p e r accou n tin g d istrib u tion ; r e q u ir e s judgm ent and e x p e rie n ce
in m aking p r o p e r a ssig n a tio n s and a llo c a tio n s .
M ay a s s is t in
p re p a r in g , a d ju stin g, and c lo s in g jo u rn a l e n trie s; m a y d ir e c t c la s s
B a ccou n tin g c le r k s .
C la ss B - Under s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e routine
a ccou n tin g op e ra tio n s such as p o stin g sim p le jou rn a l v o u c h e r s ,
a cco u n ts p aya b le v o u c h e r s , en terin g v o u ch e rs in v o u ch e r r e g is te r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a cco u n ts ; p ostin g s u b s id ia ry le d g e rs co n tro lle d
by g e n e ra l le d g e r s .
This jo b d oes not re q u ire a know ledge of
a ccou n tin g and b ookk eep in g p r in c ip le s but is found in o ffic e s in
w h ich the m o r e rou tin e accou n tin g w o r k is subdivided on a fu n c­
tion al b a sis am ong s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .

20

C LE R K ,

F IL E

C la ss A - R e s p o n s ib le f o r m aintaining an e sta b lish e d filin g
s y s te m . C la s s ifie s and in d exes c o r r e s p o n d e n c e o r oth er m a te ria l;
m ay a ls o file this m a te r ia l.
M ay keep r e c o r d s o f v a rio u s types
in con ju n ction with file s o r s u p e r v is e oth e rs in filin g and lo ca tin g
m a te ria l in the f il e s .
M ay p e r fo r m in cid en ta l c l e r i c a l d u tie s.
C la ss B - P e r fo r m s rou tin e filin g , u su a lly o f m a te r ia l that
has a lre a d y b een c la s s ifie d , o r lo c a te s o r a s s is t s in lo ca tin g m a ­
te r ia l in the f il e s .
M ay p e r fo r m in cid en ta l c l e r i c a l d u ties.
C LE R K , ORDER
R e c e iv e s cu stom ers* o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r ch a n d is e by
m a il, phone, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v olv e any com b in a tion o f the
fo llo w in g : Quoting p r ic e s to c u s to m e r s ; m aking out an o r d e r sh eet
listin g the item s to m ake up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and quantities
o f item s on o r d e r sh eet; d istrib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c tiv e d e ­
partm en ts to be fille d .
M ay c h e c k w ith c r e d it d epartm en t to d e t e r ­
m in e cr e d it ratin g o f c u s to m e r , a ck n ow led ge r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m
c u s to m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e that th ey have been fille d , k eep
file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch e c k shipping in v o ic e s with o rig in a l
orders.
C LE R K ,

K E Y -P U N C H O P E R A TO R
Under ge n e ra l s u p e r v is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i­
b ilitie s , r e c o r d s accou n tin g and s ta t is tic a l data on tabulating ca rd s
by punching a s e r ie s o f h oles in the c a r d s in a s p e c ifie d s e q u e n ce ,
u sing an alp h ab etical o r a n u m e rica l k e y -p u n ch m a ch in e , fo llo w in g
w ritten in form a tion on r e c o r d s .
M ay d u p lica te ca rd s b y u sin g the
d uplicatin g d e v ice attached to m a ch in e .
K eep s file s o f punch c a r d s .
M ay v e r ify own w ork o r w ork o f o th e r s .
O F F IC E BOY OR G IR L
P e r fo r m s v a riou s rou tin e duties su ch as running e r r a n d s ,
op era tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ch in es su ch as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , op en in g
and d istrib u tin g m a il, and oth er m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
SECRETARY
P e r fo r m s s e c r e ta r ia l and c l e r i c a l duties f o r a s u p e r io r in an
a d m in istra tiv e o r execu tiv e p o s itio n .
D uties in clu d e m akin g a p p o in t­
m ents f o r s u p e r io r ; r e c e iv in g p e o p le co m in g into o f fic e ; a n sw e rin g
and m akin g phone c a lls ; handling p e r s o n a l and im p orta n t o r c o n f i ­
dential m a il, and w ritin g rou tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e on own in itia tiv e ;
taking d ictation (w here tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e is not u s e d ) e ith e r in
shorthand o r by stenotype o r s im ila r m a ch in e , and tr a n s c r ib in g d ic t a ­
tion o r the r e c o r d e d in form a tion re p r o d u c e d on a tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e .
M ay p r e p a r e s p e c ia l re p o rts o r m e m o ra n d a f o r in fo rm a tio n o f s u p e r io r .

PAYROLL
STE N O G R A PH E R, G E N E R A L

C om putes w a ges o f com p a n y e m p lo y e e s and en ters the n e c e s ­
s a r y data on the p a y r o ll s h e e ts.
D uties in v o lv e : C alcu latin g w ork ers*
earnings based on tim e o r p ro d u ctio n r e c o r d s ; p ostin g ca lcu la te d data
on p a y r o ll sh eet, show ing in form a tion su ch as w ork er*s n am e, w ork in g
days, tim e, ra te, dedu ction s f o r in s u ra n ce , and total w a ges due.
M ay
m ake out pay ch eck s and a s s is t p a y m a s te r in m akin g up and d i s ­
tributing p ay e n v e lo p e s . M ay u se a ca lcu la tin g m a ch in e .

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tio n fr o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
eith er in shorthand o r b y sten otype o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in v olv in g a
n o rm a l routine v o ca b u la ry , and to tr a n s c r ib e this d icta tio n on a ty p e ­
w r ite r .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritte n c o p y . M a y a ls o s e t up and k eep
file s in o r d e r , keep sim p le r e c o r d s , e tc .
D oes n ot in clu d e tr a n ­
s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o rk (see tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r ).

COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR

STE N O G R A PH E R,

P r im a r y duty is to o p era te a C om p to m e te r to p e r fo r m m a th e ­
m a tica l com p u ta tion s.
This jo b is not to be co n fu se d w ith that o f
s ta tis tica l o r oth er type o f c le r k , w h ich m a y in v olv e fre q u e n t u se o f
a C om p tom eter but, in w h ich , u se o f this m a ch in e is in cid en ta l to
p e r fo r m a n c e o f oth er d u ties.

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tio n fr o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
eith er in shorthand o r b y sten otyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in v o lv in g a
v a rie d te ch n ica l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch as in le g a l b r ie fs o r
re p o r ts on s cie n tific r e s e a r c h and to tr a n s c r ib e this d icta tio n on a
ty p e w r ite r .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritte n c o p y .
M ay a ls o s e t up and
keep file s in o r d e r , keep s im p le r e c o r d s , e tc .
D o e s not in clu d e
tr a n s cr ib in g -m a ch in e w ork .

TECH N ICAL

D U PLIC ATIN G -M A CH IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM EOGRAPH OR D IT TO )
Under g en era l s u p e r v is io n and with no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n ­
s ib ilit ie s , r e p r o d u ce s m u ltip le c o p ie s o f typ ew ritten o r handw riting
m a tte r, u sing a m im e o g ra p h o r ditto m a ch in e .
M akes n e c e s s a r y a d ­
ju stm en t su ch as fo r ink and p a p e r fe e d cou n ter and c y lin d e r sp e e d .
Is not re q u ire d to p r e p a r e s te n c il o r ditto m a s t e r .
M ay keep file o f
used s te n cils o r ditto m a s t e r s .
M ay s o r t , c o lla te , and staple c o m ­
 l.
p leted m a te ria


SW ITCH BOARD O P E R A TO R
O perates a s in g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n teleph on e s w itch b o a rd .
D uties in volve handling in co m in g , ou tgoin g, and intraplan t o r o f fic e
c a lls .
M ay r e c o r d to ll ca lls and take m e s s a g e s .
M ay give i n f o r ­
m a tion to p e rs o n s who c a ll in , o r o c c a s io n a lly take teleph on e o r d e r s .
F o r w o r k e r s who a ls o a ct as r e c e p tio n is ts s e e sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p tio n is t.

21

TR A N SCR IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

SW ITCH BOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
tion
type
T h is
tim e

In ad d ition to p e r fo r m in g duties o f o p e ra to r, on a sin gle p o s i ­
o r m o n ito r -ty p e sw itch b o a rd , a cts as re c e p tio n is t and m a y a ls o
o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c l e r i c a l w ork as part o f re g u la r d u tie s.
typing o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y take the m a jo r p a rt o f th is w ork e r* s
w h ile at sw itch b o a rd .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes m a ch in e that a u tom a tica lly a n a lyzes and tra n s la te s
in fo rm a tio n punched in g ro u p s o f tabulating ca rd s and p rin ts tr a n s ­
la te d data on f o r m s o r a ccou n tin g r e c o r d s ; sets o r a d ju sts m a ch in e;
d o e s sim p le w irin g o f p lu gb oa rd s a cco r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r a c tic e
o r d ia g r a m s ; p la c e s c a r d s to be tabulated in feed m a ga zin e and sta rts
m a ch in e .
M ay file c a r d s a fte r they a re tabulated. M ay, in addition ,
o p e ra te a u x ilia ry m a c h in e s .
T R A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

GEN ERAL

P r im a r y duty is to tr a n s c r ib e dictation in v olv in g a n o rm a l
rou tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m tr a n s cr ib in g m ach ine r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o
type fr o m w ritten c o p y and do sim ple c le r ic a l w o rk .
W o rk e rs tr a n ­
s c r ib in g d icta tion in v olv in g a v a r ie d te ch n ica l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u ­
la r y su ch a s le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r ts on s cie n tific r e s e a r c h a re not

Professional

D R A F T SM A N , JUNIOR
(A s s is ta n t d ra ftsm a n )
D raw s to s c a le units o r p arts o f draw ings p re p a r e d b y d r a ft s ­
m an o r o th e rs f o r e n g in e e rin g , co n s tru ctio n , o r m an ufactu rin g p u r ­
poses.
U ses v a r io u s ty p es o f draftin g to o ls as re q u ir e d .
M ay p r e ­
p a re d ra w in g s f r o m s im p le p lan s o r sk etch es, o r p e r fo r m oth er duties
under d ir e c tio n o f a d ra fts m a n .
D R A F T SM A N , L E A D E R
P la n s and d ir e c t s a c tiv itie s o f one o r m o r e d ra ftsm e n in
p re p a ra tio n o f w ork in g plans and detail draw ings fr o m rou g h o r p r e ­
lim in a r y s k etch es fo r e n g in e e rin g , con stru ctio n , o r m an ufactu rin g
p u rp oses.
D u ties in v o lv e a com b in a tion o f the follow in g : In terp retin g
b lu e p rin ts , s k e tc h e s , and w ritten o r v e r b a l o r d e r s ; d eterm in in g w o rk
p r o c e d u r e s ; a ss ig n in g du ties to su bordin ates and in sp ectin g th eir w o rk ;
p for FRASER
M ay a s s is t su bord in ates during
Digitizede r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt p r o b le m s .


G E N E R A L - Continued

in clu d e d .
A w o r k e r who ta k es d icta tion in shorthand o r by stenotype
o r s im ila r m ach ine is c la s s if ie d as a ste n o g ra p h e r, g e n e ra l.
T Y P IST
U se s a ty p e w rite r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a rio u s m a te ria l o r to
m ake out b ills a fte r ca lcu la tio n s have b e e n m ade by another p e rs o n .
M ay do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v olv in g little s p e c ia l train in g, such as k e e p ­
ing sim p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r ts o r sortin g and d is ­
tribu tin g in co m in g m a il.
C la s s A - P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Typing
m a te r ia l in fin al fo r m fr o m v e r y rou gh and in v olv ed d ra ft; c o p y ­
ing f r o m plain o r c o r r e c t e d c o p y in w h ich th ere is a frequen t
and v a r ie d use o f te c h n ica l and unusual w o rd s o r fr o m fo r e ig n lan gu age co p y ; com b in in g m a te ria l fr o m s e v e ra l s o u r c e s , o r
planning layou t o f c o m p lic a te d sta tis tic a l ta b le s to m aintain uni­
fo r m it y and b a la n ce in sp a cin g; typing ta b le s fr o m rough dra ft in
fin a l f o r m .
M ay type rou tin e fo r m le t t e r s , varyin g d eta ils to
suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B - P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Typing
fr o m r e la tiv e ly c le a r o r typ ed d ra fts ; routine typing o f fo r m s ,
in s u ra n ce p o lic ie s , e t c . ; setting up sim p le standard tabu lation s, o r
co p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y set up and spa ced p r o p e r ly .

and

Technical

D R A FT SM A N , L E A D E R - C ontinued
e m e r g e n c ie s o r as a re g u la r a ssig n m e n t, o r p e r fo r m re la te d duties
o f a s u p e r v is o r y o r a d m in istra tiv e n a tu re.
D R A FT SM A N , SENIOR
P r e p a r e s w orkin g plans and d etail draw ings fr o m n o te s,
rou gh o r d e ta ile d sk etch es fo r e n g in e e rin g , co n stru ctio n , o r m anu­
fa ctu rin g p u r p o s e s .
D uties in v olv e a com b in a tion o f the follow in g :
P r e p a rin g w orkin g p la n s, d etail d ra w in g s, m a p s, c r o s s - s e c t i o n , e t c . ,
to s c a le b y u se o f d raftin g in stru m e n ts; m aking en gin eerin g com pu ta ­
tion s su ch as th o se in v o lv e d in stren gth o f m a te r ia ls , beam s and
t r u s s e s ; v e r ify in g co m p le te d w o rk , ch eck in g d im e n sio n s, m a te ria ls
to be u s e d , and q u an tities; w ritin g s p e c ific a tio n s ; m aking adjustm ents
o r ch an ges in d raw in gs o r s p e c ific a t io n s .
M ay ink in lin e s and le tte r s
on p e n c il d ra w in g s, p re p a re d etail units o f co m p le te d ra w in gs, o r
tr a c e d ra w in g s.
W ork is fre q u e n tly in a s p e c ia liz e d fie ld such as
a r c h ite c tu r a l, e le c t r ic a l, m e c h a n ic a l, o r stru ctu ra l d ra ftin g.

22

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (RE G ISTE R ED )

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (RE G ISTE R ED ) - C on tin u ed

A r e g is te r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e to ill o r in ju red
e m p lo y e e s or oth er p e rs o n s who b e c o m e ill o r s u ffe r an a ccid e n t on
the p r e m is e s of a fa c to r y o r oth er esta b lish m en t.
D uties in volve a
com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g : G iving f ir s t aid to the ill o r in ju red ;
attending to subsequent d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s 1 in ju rie s ; k eepin g r e c o r d s
o f patients trea ted ; p re p a rin g a ccid e n t r e p o r ts fo r co m p e n sa tio n o r
other p u rp o se s ; condu ctin g p h y sica l exa m inations and health evalu ation s
o f applicants and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p ro g r a m s
involvin g health ed u cation , a ccid e n t p rev en tion , evalu ation o f plant

en viron m en t, o r oth er a c tiv itie s
sa fe ty o f a ll p e rso n n e l.

Maintenance

a ffe ctin g

the health , w e lfa r e ,

and

TRACER
C o p ie s plans and d ra w in gs p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s , b y p la cin g
tr a c in g clo th o r paper o v e r d ra w in g and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
U ses T -s q u a r e , c o m p a s s , and oth er d ra ftin g t o o ls .
M ay p r e p a r e
sim p le draw ings and do sim p le le tte rin g .

and

Powerplant

C A R P E N T E R , M AIN TEN AN CE

ENG IN EER, STA TIO N AR Y

P e r fo r m s the ca rp e n tr y duties n e c e s s a r y to co n s tr u c t and
m aintain in good r e p a ir building w ood w ork and equipm ent su ch as b in s,
c r ib s , co u n te rs, b e n c h e s, p a rtitio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s ,
and tr im m ade o f w ood in an. esta b lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o st of
the follow in g : P lanning and layin g out of w o r k fr o m b lu e p rin ts, d ra w ­
in gs, m o d e ls , o r v erb a l in s tr u ctio n s; using a v a rie ty o f c a r p e n te r 1s
h an dtools, p orta b le p ow er t o o ls , and standard m e a su rin g in stru m en ts;
m aking standard shop com pu ta tion s rela tin g to d im en sion s o f w ork ;
se le ctin g m a te ria ls n e c e s s a r y f o r the w ork .
In g e n e ra l, the w o rk of
the m aintenance ca rp e n te r r e q u ir e s rounded train in g and e x p e rie n ce
u sually a cq u ired through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r equivalen t tr a in ­
ing and e x p e rie n ce .

O perates and m aintains and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e ra tio n
o f sta tion a ry engines and equipm ent (m e ch a n ica l o r e le c t r ic a l) to su p ­
p ly the estab lish m en t in w hich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r, heat, r e f r ig e r a ­
tion , o r a ir-co n d itio n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s :
O p erating and m aintaining
equipm ent such as steam en g in e s, a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a to r s , m o ­
t o r s , tu rb in es, ventilating and r e fr ig e r a t in g equ ip m en t, s te a m b o ile r s
and b o il e r - f e d w ater pum ps; m aking eq uipm en t ’r e p a ir s ; k eepin g a
r e c o r d o f op era tion o f m a ch in e ry , te m p e ra tu re , and fu e l c o n s u m p ­
tion .
M ay a ls o su p e rv ise th ese o p e r a tio n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e rs
in estab lish m en ts em p loyin g m o r e than one e n g in e e r a re e x clu d e d .

E LE C TR IC IA N ,

M AINTENANCE

P e r fo r m s a v a rie ty o f e le c t r ic a l trad e functions such as the
in sta llation , m ain ten an ce, o r r e p a ir o f equipm ent fo r the gen eratin g,
d istrib u tion , o r u tiliza tion o f e le c t r ic e n e rg y in an esta b lish m en t.
W ork in v olv es m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In stallin g o r re p a irin g any o f
a v a rie ty o f e le c t r ic a l equipm ent su ch as g e n e r a to r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s ,
sw itch boa rd s, c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o to r s , heating units,
conduit s y s te m s , o r oth er tr a n s m is s io n equipm ent; w orkin g f r o m b lu e ­
p rin ts, d ra w in g s, layou t, o r oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo ca tin g and d ia g ­
n osin g trou ble in the e le c t r ic a l s y s te m o r equipm ent; w orkin g standard
com putations rela tin g to loa d re q u irem en ts o f w irin g o r e le c t r ic a l
equipm ent; using a v a rie ty o f e l e c t r i c i a n s handtools and m e a su rin g
and testing in stru m en ts.
In g e n e ra l, the w ork o f the m aintenance
e le c tr ic ia n r e q u ir e s rounded train in g and e x p e rie n ce u sually a c ­
q u ired through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r equivalen t train in g and
e x p e rie n ce .



FIR E M A N , STA TIO N AR Y B O IL E R
F ir e s station ary b o ile r s to fu rn is h the esta b lish m e n t in w h ich
e m p lo y e d with heat, p o w e r, o r ste a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f ir e b y hand
o r o p e ra te s a m ech a n ica l s to k e r , g a s , o r o il b u rn e r; ch e ck s w a ter
and sa fe ty v a lv e s.
May cle a n , o il, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m equipm ent.
H ELPER,

TRADES,

M AIN TEN AN CE

A s s is ts one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m ain ten an ce
tr a d e s , b y p e rfo rm in g s p e c ific o r g e n e r a l duties of l e s s e r s k ill, su ch
as k eepin g a w o rk e r supplied w ith m a te r ia ls and to o ls ; cle a n in g w o r k ­
ing a re a , m ach ine, and equipm ent; a s s is tin g w o r k e r b y h old in g m a ­
te r ia ls o r to o ls; p e rfo rm in g o th er u n sk illed task s as d ir e c te d b y jo u r ­
neym an. The kind o f w ork the h e lp e r is p e rm itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s
fr o m trade to trad e: In som e tra d e s the h e lp e r is co n fin e d to su p ­
p lyin g, liftin g , and holding m a te r ia ls and to o ls and cle a n in g w ork in g
a re a s ; and in oth ers he is p e rm itte d to p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e
o p e ra tio n s , o r parts o f a trad e that a re a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s
on a fu ll-tim e b a s is .

23

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TOOLROOM

S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e ra tio n o f one o r m o re types o f m ach ine
t o o ls , su ch as jig b o r e r s , c y lin d r ic a l o r s u rfa ce g r in d e r s , engine
la th e s , o r m illin g m a ch in es in the con stru ction of m a ch in e -s h o p to o ls ,
g a u g e s, ji g s , fix t u r e s , o r d ie s .
W ork in v olv es m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
Plan n in g and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m achining o p e ra tio n s; p r o c e s s in g
ite m s re q u ir in g c o m p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g re e o f a c c u r a c y ;
using a v a rie ty o f p r e c is io n m ea su rin g in stru m en ts; s e le c tin g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , to o lin g and o p e ra tio n seq u en ce; making n e c e s s a r y a d ju st­
m en ts durin g o p e ra tio n to a ch ie v e req u isite to le ra n ce s o r d im e n sio n s,
M ay b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e when tools need d re s s in g , to d r e s s to o ls ,
and to s e le c t p r o p e r co o la n ts and cutting and lu b rica tin g o ils .
F or
c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -to o lo p e r a to r s , t o o lr o o m ,
in to o l and d ie jo b b in g sh ops a re exclu d ed fr o m this c la s s ific a t io n .

M ACH INIST,

M ECHANIC,

M AIN TEN AN CE

R e p a ir s m a ch in e ry o r m e ch a n ica l equipm ent o f an e s ta b lis h ­
m ent.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam ining m ach ines
and m e ch a n ica l equipm ent to d ia gn ose s o u r c e o f tro u b le ; dism antling
o r p a rtly d ism an tlin g m a ch in es and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m ain ly
in v olv e the use o f h andtools in s cr a p in g and fitting p arts; re p la cin g
b rok en o r d e fe c tiv e p arts w ith ite m s obtained f r o m stock ; o rd e rin g the
p ro d u ctio n o f a re p la c e m e n t p art b y a m a ch in e shop o r sending of
the m ach in e to a m a ch in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p rep a rin g w ritten
s p e c ific a tio n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p rod u ction o f p arts o rd e r e d
f r o m m ach ine shop; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in e s ; and making a ll n e c e s s a r y
a dju stm en ts fo r .operation.
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m aintenance
m ech a n ic r e q u ir e s rounded train in g and e x p e rie n ce u sually a cq u ired
through a fo r m a l a p p re n tice sh ip o r equivalen t train in g and e x p e rie n ce .
E xclu d ed fr o m this c la s s ific a t io n a re w o r k e r s w hose p rim a ry duties
in v olv e setting up o r adju stin g m a ch in e s .

M A IN TEN AN CE
M ILLW RIGH T

P r o d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p arts and new parts in m aking re p a ir s
o f m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent op era ted in an e sta b lish m en t.
W ork in v olv es m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In terpretin g w ritten in s tr u c ­
tion s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; planning and layin g out o f w o rk ; using a v a ­
r ie ty o f m a c h in is t s h an dtools and p r e c is io n m ea su rin g in stru m en ts;
setting up and op e ra tin g stan dard m achine to o ls ; shaping o f m etal
p a rts to c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ; m aking standard shop com pu ta tion s r e la t ­
ing to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , feed s and speed s o f m ach inin g;
kn ow led ge o f the w ork in g p r o p e r tie s o f the com m on m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g
stan dard m a te r ia ls , p a r ts , and equipm ent req u ire d fo r his w o rk ; fitting
and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into m e ch a n ica l equipm ent.
In g e n e r a l, the
m a ch in is t’ s w o rk n o r m a lly re q u ir e s a rounded train in g in m a ch in e shop p r a c tic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo rm a l a p p re n tice sh ip o r
eq u iva len t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

In stalls new m a ch in es o r h eavy equipm ent and dism an tles and
in sta lls m a ch in es o r h eavy equipm ent when ch an ges in the plant la y ­
out a re r e q u ir e d .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and
layin g out o f the w o rk ; in te rp re tin g b lu ep rin ts o r oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ;
using a v a rie ty o f handtools and rig g in g ; m aking standard shop c o m ­
putations re la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren gth o f m a te r ia ls , and ce n te rs o f
gra v ity ; alining and balan cin g o f equipm en t; s e le ctin g standard to o ls ,
equipm ent, and p arts to be u sed; in sta llin g and m aintaining in good
o r d e r p ow er tr a n s m is s io n equipm en t su ch as d riv e s and speed r e ­
d u c e r s . In g e n e ra l, the m illw rig h t’ s w o rk n o r m a lly re q u ire s a rounded
train in g and e x p e rie n ce in the trad e a cq u ire d through a fo rm a l a pp ren ­
tice s h ip o r equivalen t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
O IL E R

M ECH AN IC, A U T O M O T IV E (M AINTENANCE)
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s s e s , m o to rtru ck s , and tr a c to r s o f
an e sta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam ining
a u tom otiv e equ ip m en t to d ia g n ose s o u rce o f trou b le; d is a s s e m b lin g
equ ip m en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in volve the u se o f su ch handto o ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g es, d r i ll s , o r s p e c ia liz e d equipm ent in d is ­
a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; re p la c in g b rok en o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m
s to ck ; grin d in g and adju stin g v a lv e s ; rea sse m b lin g and in sta llin g the
v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts;
alinin g w h e e ls, a d ju stin g b ra k e s and lig h ts, o r tightening b o d y b o lts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the autom otive m ech a n ic r e q u ir e s rounded
train in g and
 e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a cq u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tice ­
sh ip o r eq u iva
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

L u b r ic a te s , with o il o r g r e a s e , the m ovin g parts o r w earin g
s u r fa c e s o f m e ch a n ica l equipm ent o f an esta b lish m en t.
P A IN T E R ,

MAINTENANCE

P ain ts and r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w ood w ork , and fix tu res o f an
esta b lish m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of su rfa ce
p e c u lia r itie s and types o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe re n t a pp lica tion s;
p rep a rin g s u rfa ce fo r painting b y re m o v in g old fin ish o r by placin g
putty o r f ille r in n ail h oles and in t e r s tic e s ; applying paint with sp ray
gun o r b ru sh .
M ay m ix c o l o r s , o ils , white . le a d , and other paint
in g red ien ts to obtain p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s is te n c y .
In gen era l, the
w o rk o f the m aintenance p ain ter re q u ir e s rounded train in g and e x ­
p e r ie n c e u su ally a cq u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r equiva­
len t train in g and e x p e rie n ce .

24

P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E - C o n tin u e d

In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r ty p e s o f p ip e
and p ip e fittin g s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l ­
lo w in g :
L a y in g ou t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e p o s it io n o f p ip e
fr o m d ra w in g s o r o t h e r w r itte n s p e c if ic a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s
o f p ip e to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l an d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y ie n e
t o r c h o r p ip e -c u t t in g m a c h in e ; th r e a d in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s and d ie s ;
b en d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s an d fa s t e n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g sta n d a r d
sh op co m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s i z e o f p ip e r e ­
q u ir e d ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d te s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip e s m e e t
s p e c if ic a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p ip e fit t e r
r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a
fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W ork ers
p r im a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n o r
h eatin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s the p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r .
W o r k in v o lv e s :
K n o w le d g e o f s a n it a r y c o d e s r e g a r d in g in s ta lla tio n o f
v e n ts and tr a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g p ip e s and
fix t u r e s ; o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a in s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r ’ s s n a k e .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e ­
sh ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , in s t a l ls , an d m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t m e t a l eq u ip m e n t and fix t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s ,
s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t il a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o fin g )
o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g

Custodial

ELEVATOR OPERATOR,

and

an d la y in g out a ll ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e ­
p r in t s , m o d e l s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e tt in g up a n d o p e r a t in g a i l
a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l- w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f
h a n d to o ls in cu ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , fit t in g , a n d a s s e m ­
b lin g ; in s ta llin g s h e e t -m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l, th e
w o r k o f the m a in te n e n c e s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g
an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ;

T r a n s p o r t s p a s s e n g e r s b e tw e e n f l o o r s o f an o f f i c e b u ild in g ,
a p a rtm e n t h o u s e , d e p a r tm e n t s t o r e , h o te l o r s i m i l a r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k e r s w h o o p e r a te e le v a t o r s in c o n ju n c tio n w ith o t h e r d u tie s su c h
a s th o s e o f s t a r t e r s and ja n it o r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
GUARD
P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o l i c e d u tie s , e it h e r a t fix e d p o s t o r o n
to u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In ­
c lu d e s g a te m e n w h o a r e s ta tio n e d a t g a te and c h e c k on id e n tity o f
Digitizedp lo y e e s and o th e r p e r s o n s e n te r in g .
e m for FRASER


to o lm a k e r ;

fix tu r e m a k e r;

gauge m a k e r)

C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a ir s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s , j i g s , f i x ­
tu r e s o r d ie s f o r f o r g i n g s , p u n ch in g and o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g ou t o f w o r k
f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , o r o t h e r o r a l and w r it t e n s p e c i f i ­
c a t io n s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f t o o l an d d ie m a k e r ’ s h a n d to o ls an d p r e c i s i o n
m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; u n d e r s ta n d in g o f the w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f
c o m m o n m e t a ls and a ll o y s ; s e tt in g up an d o p e r a t in g o f m a c h in e t o o ls
an d r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , an d t o o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t tr e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r ts d u rin g f a b r i c a t i o n a s w e l l a s o f fin is h e d t o o l s
an d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a r ts to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s an d a l l o w ­
a n c e s ; s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia t e m a t e r i a l s ,
t o o l s , an d p r o c e s s e d .
In
g e n e r a l, the t o o l and d ie m a k e r ’ s w o r k r e q u ir e s a r o u n d e d t r a in in g
in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a
f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t o o l an d d ie m a k e r s
in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g sh o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

M aterial

PASSEN GER

jig m a k e r;

Movement

J A N IT O R ,

PORTER,

OR C L E A N E R

(S w e e p e r ; c h a r w o m a n ; j a n i t r e s s )
C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o r k in g
a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r tm e n t h o u s e ,
o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n
o f the fo llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ;
r e m o v in g c h ip s , t r a s h , and o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t, fu r n it u r e ,
o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l fi x t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s
an d 'm in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , an d
restroom s.
W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

25

LABORER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

(L o a d e r an d
sto ck m a n o r

u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r and s t a c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; t r u c k e r ;
s t o c k h e lp e r ; w a r e h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K - C on tin u ed
o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e je c t in g d a m a g e d g o o d s ;
r o u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a r tm e n ts ; m a in ta in in g
n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t,
s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f
the f o llo w in g :
L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls an d m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m fr e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v ic e s ;
u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r
s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y hand t r u c k ,
c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x c lu d e d .

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o l lo w s :
R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g an d " r e c e i v in g c l e r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
ORDER F IL L E R
(O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e s to c k m a n )
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m
s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c if ic a t io n s o n s a le s s l i p s ,
c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s t r u c t io n s . M a y , in a d d itio n to f i lli n g
o r d e r s an d in d ic a t in g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t­
g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is i t io n a d d itio n a l s t o c k , o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s
t o s u p e r v i s o r , an d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e la t e d d u tie s .

PACKER,

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g
th e m in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a tio n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g
d e p e n d e n t u p on the t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f units to b e p a c k e d , the
ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p l o y e d , an d m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o r k r e q u ir e s
the p la c in g o f it e m s in s h ip p in g c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e o n e o r
m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r
to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e ty p e and s i z e o f c o n t a in e r ;
in s e r t in g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r ia l to
p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s i n g and s e a lin g c o n t a in e r ; a p p ly in g
la b e ls o r e n t e r in g id e n t ify in g d ata o n c o n t a in e r .
P a c k e r s w h o a ls o
m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

D r iv e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t
m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m e n t, o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f
e s t a b lis h m e n t s s u c h a s :
M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n t s , fr e ig h t d e p o ts , w a r e ­
h o u s e s , w h o le s a le an d r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts an d c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M ay a ls o
lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith ou t h e l p e r s , m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l
r e p a i r s , an d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s iz e
an d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t, a s f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh ou ld be r a te d
on the b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y . )
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

TRUCKER,

POW ER

O p e r a te s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o ll e d g a s o l i n e - o r e le c t r i c - p o w e r e d
t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in ds ab ou t
a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s an d is r e ­
s p o n s ib le f o r in c o m in g s h ip m e n t o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c ­
tic e s ^ rou tes^ a v a ila b le m e a n s o f tr a n s p o r ta tio n and r a t e s ; and p r e ­
p a r in g r e c o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b ills o f la d in g , p o s t ­
in g w e ig h t an d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and k e e p in g a f i l e o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d ir e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g the m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s :
V e r ify in g o r d ir e c t in g o t h e r s in v e r if y in g
the c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m e n ts a g a in s t b il ls o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r



lig h t (u n d er 1 V2 to n s )
m e d iu m ( 1 V2 to a n cT in c h id in g 4 t o n s )
h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r typ e)
h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r than t r a i l e r ty p e)

tru ck ,

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
as fo llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y typ e o f

p o w e r (f o r k lift )
p o w e r (o th e r than f o r k l i f t )

W ATCHM AN
M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y
a g a in s t f i r e , th e ft, an d il le g a l e n t r y .
☆

U. S. GOVFRNMFNT P R IN TIN G O F F IP F . io«w


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