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ATLANTA,GA.
M A R C H 1955

BLS Bulletin No. 1172-11

U N IT E D STA TES D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
James P. M itchell, Secretary




BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Aryness Joy Wickens, Acting Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




ATLANTA, GA.
M arch

1 9 55

B u lletin N o .

1172-11
May 19 55

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Aryness Joy Wickens, Acting Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.

Price 20 cents







CONTENTS
Page
INTRODUCTION

____________ _________________________________________________._______

1

T A B L E S:
A:

B:

O ccu p a tion a l e a r n in g s * A - 1 O ffic e o ccu p a tio n s __________
A -2
P r o fe s s io n a l and te ch n ica l o c c u p a t i o n s __________________________
A - 3 M aintenance and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a t i o n s _______________
A -4 C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v em en t o ccu p a tio n s _________
E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en tary
w age p r o v is io n s B - l Shift d iffe r e n tia l p r o v i s i o n s * ______________________________________
B -2 M in im u m en tra n ce ra te s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s .____
B -3 F re q u e n cy o f w age p a y m e n t _______________________________________
B -4 S ch edu led w e e k ly h ou rs * ___! ____________________________ ,___ _______
_
B - 5 P a id h o lid a y p r o v is io n s * __________________________________________
B -6 P a id v a ca tio n s * _____________________________________________________

A P P E N D IX :

Job d e s c r ip t io n s

______________________________________________________

* N O T E : S im ila r tabu lation s (a ls o c o v e r in g health , in s u ra n ce , and p en ­
sion p la n s) a re a v a ila b le in the A tlanta a re a r e p o r t s fo r M a rch o f ea ch
y e a r , sin ce 1951.
The 1954 r e p o r t a ls o p r o v id e s ta bu la tion s o f wage
stru ctu re c h a r a c t e r is t ic s , la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n ts , and o v e r tim e
pay p r o v is io n s .
A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g date o f study and the p r ic e o f
the r e p o r t s , as w e ll as r e p o r t s fo r oth er m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a ila b le upon
re q u e s t.
Union s c a le s , in d ica tiv e o f p re v a ilin g pay le v e ls in the Atlanta a r e a ,
a re a v a ila b le fo r the fo llo w in g tra d e s o r in d u s trie s :
B uilding c o n s t r u c ­
tio n , p rin tin g , lo c a l ’ tra n s it o p e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o to r tr u c k d r iv e r s .

(iii)

3
6
7
8

10
11
12
12
13
14
16




- ATLANTA, GA.*

OCCUPATIONAL WAGE

Data are shown for f u ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , those hired
to w ork a f u ll-t im e schedule for the given occupational c l a s s i f i ­
cation.
E arnings data exclude prem ium p ay for overtim e and for
w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Nonproduction bo­
nuses ar e a lso excluded, but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g bonuses and incentive
earnings a r e included. Where w eek ly hours are reported, as for
office c l e r i c a l occupations, re fe re n ce is to the work schedules
(rounded to the n e a rest half-hour) for which s tra ig h t-tim e salaries
are paid; a v e r a g e w eek ly earnings for these occupations have been
rounded to the n e a re s t 50 cents.

Introduction
The A tlanta a r e a is one of se v e r a l important industrial
ce n te rs in which the B ureau of Labor Statistics has conducted
s u r v e y s of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an
areaw ide b a s is .
In each a r e a , data are obtained by personal
v is its of Bureau field agents to representative establishm ents
within 6 broad in dustry divisions:
Manufacturing; tr a n s p o r ta ­
tion (excluding ra ilr o a d s), communication, and other public u t il ­
ities; w holesa le trade; r e ta il trade; finance, insurance, and r&al
estate; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r industry groups excluded from these
studies a r e governm ent institutions and the construction and e x ­
tr a c tiv e in d u strie s.
E sta b lish m e n ts having few er than a p r e ­
s c r ib e d number of w o r k e r s w ere also omitted since they furnish
insufficient em ploym ent in the occupations studied to w arrant
inclusion. 1
W h er ever p o s s ib le , separate tabulations are p r o ­
vided for the individual broad industry divisions.

Occupational employment estim ates refer to the total in
all establishm ents within the scope of the study and not to the
number a c tu a lly surveyed . B eca u se of d ifferences in occupational
structure among estab lish m en ts, the estim ates of occupational
em ployment obtained from the sam ple of establishm ents studied
s e r v e only to indicate the re la tive im portance of the jobs studied.
T h ese d ifferen ces in occupational stru ctu re do not m a te ria lly
affect the a c c u r a c y of the earnings data.

T h ese s u r v e y s are conducted on a sam ple basis because
of the u n n e c e s s a r y co s t involved in surveying ail estab lishm ents,
and to ensure prom pt publication of re su lts.
To obtain ap p ro­
p ria te a c c u r a c y at m inim um cost, a g re ate r proportion of la rg e
than of s m a ll estab lish m en ts is studied. In combining the data,
how ever, a ll e stab lish m en ts ar e given their appropriate weight.
E s t im a t e s a r e p resented therefore as relating to all e s t a b lis h ­
ments in the in d ustry grouping and ar ea , but not to those below
the m inim um s iz e studied. 2

E sta b lish m e n t P r a c t i c e s and Supplementary
Wage P r o v is io n s
Information is a lso p resented on selected establishment
p r a c tic e s and supplem entary benefits as they relate to office and
plant w o r k e r s .
The term , '’office w o r k e r s ” , as used in this
bulletin includes all office c l e r i c a l em ployees and excludes ad ­
m in is tr a tiv e , executive,, p ro fess io n a l, and technical personnel.
" Plant w o r k e r s ” include working forem en and all nonsupervisory
w o rk ers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice
functions. A d m in istra tiv e , executive, profession al, and technical
em p loy ees, and fo rce account construction employees who are
utilized as a separate w ork fo rc e are excluded. C afeteria w orkers
and routem en are excluded in m anufacturing industries but are
included as plant w ork ers in nonmanufacturing industries.

Occupations and E arn ings
Occupational c la s s i fic a t io n is based on a uniform set of
job d escrip tion s designed to take account of interestablishm ent
va riation in duties within the sam e job (see Appendix for listin g
of th ese d escrip tion s). E arn ings data ar e presented for the f o l ­
lowing types of occupations: (a) Office c le rica l; (b) p rofession al
and technical; (c) m aintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial
and m a t e r ia l m ovem ent.

Sh ift-differen tial data ar e lim ited to manufacturing in­
d u strie s.
This information is presented both in term s of (a)
establishm ent p o l i c y 3 and (b) effective provisions for w orkers

* This re p o rt was p rep ared in the Bureau's regional office
in A tlan ta, Ga. , by B e rn ard J. F a h re s under the direction of
Louis B. Woytych, R egional Wage and Industrial Relations A n aly st.
1
See following table for minimum siz e establishm ent c o v ­
ered by study.
3
An establishm ent was considered as having a p olicy if i
m et either of the following conditions:
(l) Operated late shifts
An exception is m ade in the tabulation of minim um en­
tran ce rates for women office w orkers which relates to p rovisions
at the time of the su r v e y , or (2) had fo rm al provisions covering
in estab lishm en ts a c tu a lly studied.
late shifts.




()
i

2

actually employed on extra shifts at the tim e of the su r v e y .
Tabulations relating to establishm ent p o lic y ar e presented in
term s of total plant w ork er employment; estim ates in the second
tabulation relate only to those w ork ers ac tu a lly employed on the
specified shift.

quirem ents, the proportion a c tu a lly r e c e iv in g the s p e cific benefits
m ay be s m a lle r .
M o re o v e r , a p r a c t ic e was co n sid ered as a p ­
p licab le to ail office or plant w o r k e r s in an estab lishm ent if it
applied to a m a jo rity of such w o r k e r s .
B e ca u se of rounding,
sums of individual items in these tabulations do not n e c e s s a r i l y
equal t o t a l s .

Supplementary p r a c t ic e s , other than minim um entrance
rates for women office w o r k e r s , and shift d iffe ren tials, are
treated s t a t is tic a lly on the basis that these a r e provided to all
w ork ers employed in offices or plant departments that ob serve
the p ra c tic e in question. 4
B eca u se of v a ry in g e lig ib ilit y r e -

The sum m ary of vacation plans is lim ited to fo r m a l
arran gem en ts, excluding inform al plans w h e reb y tim e off with
pay is granted at the d iscr etio n of the em p lo y er or the s u p e r ­
v is o r .
Separate estim ates a r e p rovided a c co rd in g to em p loyer
p r a c tic e in computing vacation p a y m e n ts, such as time p ay m en ts,
p ercent of annual earnings, or f la t - s u m amounts.
H ow ever, in
the
4
Scheduled w e e k ly hours for office w o rk ers (first section tabulations of vacation allow an ces by y e a r s of s e r v i c e , p a y ­
ments not on a time basis w ere converted; for exam p le, a paym ent
of table B-4) a r e presented in term s of the proportion of women
of 2 p ercent of annual earnings w as con sid ered as the equivalent
office w orkers employed in offices with the indicated w e e k ly hours
of 1 week*s pay.
for women w o r k e r s .

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in A t la n t a , G a. , 1 b y M a j o r In d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , M a r c h 1955

In d u stry d iv is io n

A l l d i v i s i o n s ________

_
____

______________________________

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___ _
_
_______
________________________ _____
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
_______________________
____________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,
c o m m u n ic a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i li t ie s 4 W h o l e s a le t r a d e
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e — __________________ __ ____________________________
_____
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te
_ _ ______
__
_____
S e r v ic e s 6
_ _ _ ____________________________________
__

M in im u m s i z e
e s t a b l is h m e n t
in s c o p e o f
s tu d y 2

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in
scop e o f
s tu d y

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y

S t u d ie d

OlUUlcU

T o ta l 3

O ffic e

P la n t

T ota l 3

1 4 8 ,1 0 0

2 8 ,7 0 0

9 4 ,0 0 0

9 2 ,9 9 0

8 ,0 0 0
2 0 ,7 0 0

5 3 ,9 0 0
4 0 ,1 0 0

4 7 ,4 0 0
4 5 ,5 9 0

1 0 ,0 0 0
5 ,7 0 0
1 8 ,4 0 0
80 0

1 4 ,6 2 0
5 ,9 3 0
1 6 ,0 3 0
5 ,9 7 0
3 ,0 4 0

51

673

190

51
51

243
430

59
131

7 2 ,1 0 0
7 6 ,0 0 0

51
51
51
51
51

57
111
119
72
71

19
36
33
25
18

1 8 ,6 0 0
1 3 ,0 0 0
2 5 ,9 0 0
1 0 ,7 0 0
7 ,8 0 0

,

4 , 100
4 ,4 0 0
3 ,8 0 0
6 ,8 0 0
(T )

5

(7 )

1 T h e A t la n t a M e t r o p o li t a n A r e a ( C o b b , D e K a lb , a n d F u lt o n C o u n t ie s ) . T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t im a t e s s h ow n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p ­
t io n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t im a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r a r e a e m p l o y m e n t i n ­
d i c e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t da ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d
(2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m s i z e lim i t a t io n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e ,
a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s o n e e s t a b l is h m e n t .
3 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , t e c h n i c a l , p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
4 A l s o e x c l u d e s t a x i c a b s , a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n i n c lu d e d in e a r l i e r s t u d ie s .
5 E s tim a te
r e l a t e s t o r e a l e s t a t e e s t a b l is h m e n t s o n ly .
6 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; r a d i o b r o a d c a s t i n g a n d t e l e v i s i o n ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; a n d e n g i n e e r i n g
and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .
7 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in the S e r i e s A an d B t a b l e s , a lt h o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t t o j u s t i f y s e p a r a t e
p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a ta .




A: Occupational Earnings
Table A-1: Office Occupations
(A verage s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly hours and earnings 1 fo r s e le c t e d occu p a tion s studied on an a re a b a sis
in A tlanta, Ga. , by in du stry d iv isio n , M arch 1955)
Average
Weekly
hours’
(Standard)

Weekly
3 0 . 00
earnings
and
(Standard)
under

4 0 . 00

ui
O

d iv is io n

4s
-**
N
>

and in d u s t r y

4 2 . 50

O
O

o c c u p a t io n ,

$
S
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
S
$
$
$
4 5 . 0 0 4 7 . 50 5 0 . 00 5 2 . 50 5 5 . 00 5 7 . 50 6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 00 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 $8 5 . 00 9 0 . 00 9 5 . 0 0 * 1 0 0 .0 0 * 1 0 5 .0 0

4^
ai

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF
$
$
$
3 2 . 50 3 5 . 0 0 3 7 . 50

1 5 . 0 0 - 3 7 . 50 4 0 . 0 0

Sex,

Number
of
workers

4 7 . 50

and
50. 00

5 2 . 50

5 5. 00

5 7 . 50

6 0. 00

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

o v e j:

M en

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A ________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _______________________________
F i n a n c e * * ________________________________

461
1 35
326
49
188
41
41

40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0
38. 5
40. 0
41. 5
39. 5

7 8 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
78: 50
86. 50
7 8 . 50
7 0 . 50
7 6. 50

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

"

'

-

-

-

-

-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B _______________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________
F i n a n c e * * _________________ _____ _________

348
98
250
148
53

40.
40.
40.
40.
39.

0
0
0
0
5

59. 00

_

_

6 2 .0 0

-

-

9
-

-

9
6

4
4
3

16
2
14
12
1

19
4
15
11
3

21
4
17
13
k

28
8
20
16

-

8
8
5

C l e r k s , o r d e r ____________ ______________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________

212
75
137
132

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

7 0 . 50
7 3 . 50
6 8. 50
6 9 .0 0

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
3
5
4

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l __________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________

63
44

40. 0
40. 0

7 0 .0 0
6 7 .0 0

.

_

.

_

_

'

-

-

-

1
1

3
3

4
4

O f f i c e b o y s ________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------- ---------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ....................
F i n a n c e * * ________________________________

220
57
163
45
55

39. 5
3 9 .5
39. 5
39. 5
39. 5

4 1 .0 0
4 0 .5 0
4 1 .0 0
4 3 .5 0
3 8 . 50

18
10
8
6

12
5
7
3
3

37
10
27
16

31
3
28
2
9

41
5
36
15
13

27
6
21
9
3

15
2
13
2
5

T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s _____________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _______________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e
______________________
F i n a n c e * * ________________________________

147
118
32
32
46

39.
39.
39.
40.
40.

63.
60.
63.
68.
53.

_

_
-

7
7
_

_

_

-

4
4
1
-

3
3
-

1
1
-

7

■

3

3

1

5
5
0
0
0

5 7 . 50
5 8 . 50
55. 50

50
50
50
00
50

_

-

49
6
23
2
18

50
23
27
5
13
8
1

68
19
49
22
27
-

10
2
8
1
5

23
12
11
11

7
7
6

-

29
29

23
1
22
22

27
13
14
13

-

7
7

15
13

4
2

13
5

4
1
3
-

4
2
2
-

.

_

-

-

-

6
6
2
3
1

19
18
2
7
9

"

71
13
58
2
30
13
7

54
24
30
1
18
10
1

35
11
24
17
2

86
28
58
35
10

40
20
20
11
9

8
4
4
4

32
7
25
25

32
3

_

5
5
2
2
1

13
6
7
3
4

11
5
6
6
-

’ 29
9
20
-

-

'

-

-

8
3
5
1
1

30
4
26
14
7

5
5
5

10
1
9
8

19
14
5
5

_

1

"

-

3
1

25
10
15
12

1
1
-

2
1
1
-

3
1
2
2

-

-

'

14
14
-

14
13
5
2
4

12
12
8
-

5
8

9
1
8
3
5

5
2
1
-

3

•

18
2

19
1
18
3
13
1

17
3
14
1
11
1
1

14
14

-

35
14
21
1
13
7

1
1
-

3
3
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
9
1
1

13
12
1
1

7
7
7

2
2
2

13
8
5
5

6
5

2
2

2
1

.

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

9
8
3
3
1

11
9
2
2
4

7
5
3
1

25
7
1
5
1

4
4
4

-

_

-

-

-

-

65
16

6
8
-

t

1

i

1
1

I

6
5
4
1

-

'

2
'

;

-

i

-

■

W om en
B i l l e r s , m a c h i n e ( b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) ______
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e
_

154
78
76
42

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h i n e ) _________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________ ___________

41
37

40. 0
40. 5

50. 00
4 9 . 50

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A _______________ _____ _______________ _____
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________ _______ ____
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _______________ _______

94
76
39

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

5 6 . 50
5 5 . 00
5 6 . 00

39.
40.
39.
40.

5
0
0
0

53.
53.
52.
53.

00
50
50
50

15
3
12
3

12
8
4
1

10
-

"

7
1
6
1

2
2

1
1

1
1

11
11

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

2
2
-

7
7
-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_
-

.

_

-

10
7

22
19
3
2

17
3
14
10

12
6
6
5

19
7
12
8

22
17
5
5

3
2

3
3

1
1

6
6

6
3

1
1

6
6

13
13
12

11
11
5

7
7

11
9

-

19
7

18
18
16

-

6
2
4

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

8
8
6

3
1

-

_

.

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

'

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

S e e fo o t n o t e at e n d o f t a b l e .
O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , A tla n ta , G a. , M a r c h 1955
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c l u d i n g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
^ ’ ’ F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s




_

-

-

-

_
-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

4

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(A v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w eek ly hours and earnings 1 fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
in Atlanta, Ga. , by industry d iv isio n , M arch 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Average
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

a n d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

$
$
Weekly
3 0 . 0 0 3 2 . 50
earnings
and
(Standard) u n d e r
3 2 . 50 3 5 . 0 0

S
3 5 . 00

$
3 7 . 50

$
4 0 . 00

$
4 2 . 50

$
4 5 . 00

$
4 7 . 50

$
5 0 . 00

$
S
5 2 . 50 5 5 . 0 0

S
5 7 . 50

*
$
$
$
$
$
$
6 0 . 00 6 5 . 00 7 0. 00 7 5 . 00 8 0. 00 8 5 . 00 9 0 . 00

3 7 . 50

4 0 . 00

4 2 . 50

4 5 .0 0

4 7 . 50

5 0 . 00

5 2 . 50

55. 00

5 7 . 50

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00

$

S
s
9 5 . 00 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0
and

1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

over

W o m e n - C o n tin u e d
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ............................... ........................... ..............
M a n u f a c t u r i n g .......................................................
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____ ____________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ______________________________
F in a n c e * * ________________________________

471
71
400
111
79
195

40.
40.
40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0
0
0

$
50.
57.
49.
54.
48.
46.

50
50
50
00
50
50

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A ________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________ __________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _______________________
W h o le s a le tra d e
.............._..........
R e t a i l t r a d e ______________________________
F i n a n c e * * _______________________________

446
136
310
67
73
49
105

39. 5
39. 5
39. 5
39. 0
40. 0
40. 0
3 9 .0

64.
64.
64.
76.
64.
61.
56.

00
50
00
50
50
00
50

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B ... .
M a n u fa c t u r in g .
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________
W h o le s a le
t r a d e _______________________
R e t a il tr a d e
...
_
F i n a n c e * * _______________________________

1 ,3 3 8
220
1, 118
282
1 56
188

39.
39.
39.
40.
40.
39.

0
5
0
0
5
5

51.
52.
51.
52.
48.
45.

50
50
00
50
00
50

C le r k s , file , c la s s A
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________
F i n a n c e * * ...
..

2 31
176
26
92

39.
39.
40.
39.

5
00
0

53.
49.
53.
48.

50
00
00
00

C le r k s , file , c la s s B
. ...
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _______________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e .............. .............................
R e t a i l t r a d e ______________________________
F i n a n c e * * .... .............. .............. ...... ..............

662
59
603
49
96
90
321

39.
39.
39.
38.
40.
40.
39.

5
5
5
0
0
5
5

41.
48.
40.
47.
46.
40.
38.

50
50
50
00
00
50
00

C l e r k s , o r d e r ...............
.... . ... ..........
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____ __________ __________ ______
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e —.......... ............. .........................

255
36
219
114
102

39.
39.
40.
40.
40.

5
5
0
0
0

49.
52.
49.
52.
44.

50
50
00
50
00

C le r k s , p a y r o ll
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _______________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ______________________________

461
209
252
76
67
63

39.
40.
39.
37.
40.
40.

5
0
0
0
0
0

56.
58.
54.
54.
57.
51.

00
50
00
50
50
50

C o m p to m e te r o p e r a to r s
. .
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ______________________________
F i n a n c e * * -------------------------------------------------

599
64
535
328
168

39.
40.
39.
40.
39.
39.

5
0
5
0
5
5

53.
60.
52.
53.
52.
50.

50
50
50
00
00
00

29

9
-

10
-

20
-

9
-

10
-

20
-

37
1
36
-

42
-

-

9

10

3
17

9
27

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

- '
-

-

-

41
15
26
7
2
17

23
-

16

-

2
2
-

23
-

16
-

3
9
11

3
2
11
123
18
• 05
41
8
9

-

-

-

-

-

2

3
_

8
-

38
-

3
3

8
2
6

38
3
4
28

46
9
37
12
19

123
12
111
15
24
24

138
18
120
37
15
11

178
38
1 40
24
17
25

_

1

6
6
-

15
15
-

14
14
-

38
37
6
14

-

-

10
10
-

-

-

10

5

9

9

22
-

81
-

22
-

81
-

1 23
1
122
-

68
1
67
2
-

122
5
117

16

39
8
31
-

6

10
71

16
101

11
45

107
9
98
11
28
8
40

35
17
28

13
5
12

27
2
25
18
7

15
2
13
6
7

27
1
26
3
23

24
-

16
1
15
-

7
-

6
6
-

22
14
8
4
-

-

3

24
1
23
13
3
4

54
9
45
9
8
13

26

73
6
67

16
4
-

_

4
-

-

4

-

_

24
13
11

_

1
1
-

-

-

6
1

2
-

20

-

3
-

3

2

20

_

-

7

3

2

10

26
14
9

3

3

-

_

-

-

-

"

“

7
-

-

'

S ee fo o t n o t e at e n d o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t ilit ie s
* * F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




10
32

53
1
52
13
13
24

42
-

15

39
19
7

’
•

27
7
20
6
-

?5

13
1
12
1
1
6

12
10
2
1
-

3
3
-

- '
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
10
3

71
17
54
9
12
10
14

53
15
38
23
8
3
4

28
13
15
3
6
6

27
4
23
15
3
-

13
8
5
4
1
-

-

5

82
7
75
30
16
11

127
16
111
30
3
3

43
18
25
5
1
5

23
1
22
14
-

20
10
10
1

9
1
8
-

-

-

-

*

10
10
2
8

13
12
1
10

2
2
1
1

2
2
1

37
-

8
1
1

_
-

-

-

-

-

"

-

10
8
2
2
-

4
1
3
1
2
-

8
6
2
2
-

1
1
1
-

2
2
1
1
-

4
4
1
3
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

■

-

-

11
3
8
3
5

7
3
4
4

6
3
3
3

19
19
19

8
8
8

4
2
2
1

48
7
41
14
11
10

3
22
8
6
8
45
11
34
3
6
4
21

64
34
30
-

10

31
9
22
2
11
4
2

39
121
34
24
24

97
18
79
22
12
10

106
15
91
27
17
10

27
24
,2
11

32
28
7
6

15
14
5
9

44
19
25
6
10
7
2

18
18
5
2
9
2

9
1
8
3
1
4

36
6
30
7
23

24
5
19
14
5

24
8
16
14
2

-

-

-

-

-

36

66
33
33
12
5
10

20
6
14
1
6
2

41

15
10
5
1
1

84
38
46
14
17
13

20
11
9
1
6

21
11
10
7
1

-

“

26
17
9
4
4
1

-

-

122
7
115

81
4
47
24
5

29
22
1

40
9
31
21

66
18
48
30
16

27
7
20
10

13
4
9
4
4

7
6
1
1
-

1
1
1
-

4
1

77

55
2
53

-

19
17
5
-

7
59
59
45
10
4

93
9
84
43
24
17
36
13
23
1
22
160

77
35
2

12
29
12
17
2
5
-

19
22
4
8
8

7
3

38
14
24
18
6

■

7
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

_

2
-

3
3
3
-

3
3
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

7
-

7
-

_

_

7
-

7
-

■

2
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

_

_

.

_

-

1
1
1

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

4
3
1
1
-

10

1
1
-

2
2
-

_

1
1
-

'

_

9
1
1

3
3
-

2

-

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
(A verage s tr a ig h t-tim e w eek ly hou rs and earnings 1 fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
in A tlanta, Ga. , by in du stry d iv isio n , M a rch 1955)
Avebaob
Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

and in d u s t r y

d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

NUMBER. OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

3 0 . 0 0 3 2 . 50 3 5 . 0 0 % 7 . 50 4 0 . 0 0
Weekly
earnings
and
(Standard) u n d e r
.3,2^50, 35 , , m 3 - 1 , M . 40.^00,

4 2 . 50

4 5 . 00

4 7 . 50

5 0 . 00

5 2 . 50

5 5 .0 0

5 7 . 5 0 *60. 0 0 *65. 0 0 *70. 0 0 *75. 0 0 *80. 0 0 *85. 0 0 % 0 . 0 0

* 9 5 . 0 0 * 1 0 0 .0 0 * 1 0 5 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

4 7 . 50

5 0 .0 0

5 2 . 50

5 5. 00

5 7 .5 0

6 0 . 00

1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0

and
6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

7 5. 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

over

W o m e n - C o n tin u e d
D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( m i m e o g r a p h o r d i t t o ) ____________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________

44
31

39. 5
3 9 .5

$
4 7„ 0 0
4 3 . 50

K e y -p u n ch o p e r a to r s
...
_
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________ ________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _______________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _______________________________
F i n a n c e * * ________________________________

452
67
385
66
96
74
146

3 9 .5
39. 5
39. 5
3 9 .0
40. 0
39. 5
3 9 .5

49. 50
6 6 .0 0
46. 50
5 3 .0 0
4 7 .0 0
46. 50
4 3 .0 0

10
10
-

O f f i c e g i r l s _____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________
F in a n c e * *
_
. ___

121
114
26
36

3 9 .5
39. 5
40. 0
39. 5

4 1 .5 0
4 1 .5 0
4 6 .0 0
3 9 .5 0

5

6 6 .0 0
~ 6 7 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
6 6 .5 0
6 2 .5 0
6 1 .5 0

_________________________________
S e c r e ta r ie s
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________ ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _
.. _
_
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _______________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ______________________________
F in a n c e * * _ .
...........
. ..
... . ..

1, 5 17
4901 ,0 2 7
239
189
375

39. 5
39. 5
39. 5
38. 5
4 0 .0
39. 0
39. 5

S ten og ra p h ers, g en era l
M a n u fa c t u r in g
_

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________ _______________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ________________ _______
W h o le s a le tr a d e
R e t a il tr a d e
_
_
_
_ _ _
F i n a n c e * * ___________________ __________ __

1 ,3 8 3
322
1 ,0 6 1
233
337
160
277

39. 5
3 9 .5
39. 5
38. 0
40. 0
3 9 .5
39. 5

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s _______________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________ ____
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _____________________ r_
R e t a il t r a d e
...
F i n a n c e * * ___________
__________ ______

268
41
227
31
68
26

4 2 .0
4 0 .0
42. 5
39. 5
40. 5
3 9 .5

_ .... _

168

-

6
1
3

3
3
3
3
-

-

r ~

-

68
68
-

34
34
- .

27
7
34

6
2
26

16

1
2

15
15
-

-

7
6
-

1 3.
-

3

4

9

1

_

_

_

-

-

-

3
-

5

-

3
-

-

-

3

5 6 .5 0
5 9 .0 0
5 5 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
5 8 .0 0
5 0 .5 0
5 3 .0 0

_

7
-

28
7
21
1
_

-

-

-

4 5 .5 0
4 9 .0 0
4 5 .0 0
5 5 .0 0
4 8 .0 0
5 0 .0 0

39
39
_

19
7
12
-

24
7
17
-

-

"

-

_

_
_
-

_
-

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s _
M a n u fa c t u r in g
.. .....................
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________ ________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _____ _____ ________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________
F in a n c e * *

273
85
188
34
77
45

3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 5
40. 0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

5 0 . 50
4 9 . 00
5 1. 50
5 4 .0 0
54. 00
4 6 . 50

3
3
-

_
-

-

T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s _____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ..... ......
F i n a n c e * * ________________________________

102

39. 5
39. 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

56.
70.
50.
46.

1

27
75
36

6
—

00
50
50
50

'

7
_
7

1

14
14
1
9
3
10
-

--------- 6

27
2
25
4
2
9
10
30
29
4
9
15
7
8
-

4
1

5
5

1

5

_

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

24
6
18
3
6
5
4

34
6
28
11
4
4
9

14
1
13
2
4
3
4

24
5
19
6
5
2
6

17
4
13
2
9
2

3
2
1
1
-

31
28
3
2
1
-

7
6
1
1
-

3
3
1
2
-

_

_

32
7
12
8
5

30
1
29
6
4
10
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

17
17
5
6

6
6
4

4
2
-

1
1
1

3
3
3

_

_

_

.

_

.

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

"

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

33
1
32
-

28
6
22
-

71
14
57
5
11
10
30

117
33
84
11
17
9
44

109
23
86
4
18
13
47

329
109
220
22
66
51
63

215
69
146
12
41
21
68

115
23
92
11
28
15
26

100
28
72
22
12
15
23

179
110
69
28
18
3
16

30
7
23
13
3
3
4

32
12
20
11
1
7
1

17
5
12
11
1

4
4
3
1
-

11
2
9
4
5
-

-

-

-

25
2
23
20
2
-

10
4
6
1
5
-

7
3
4

3
3

2
2
-

4
-

3
-

2
2
2
-

4
3

2
2

56
1
55
15
6
10
23

35
5
30
5
2
10
13

32
-

17
17
9
4

41
8
2
22
8

243
45
198
25
76
28
59

137
45
92
10
32
16
25

133
41
92
11
35
12
30

105
24
81
13
43
12
13

200
47
153
47
56
17
23

109
45
64
24
20
5
15

45
13
32
18
5
2
7

34
17
17
10
3
4

1

-

-

-

18
6
12
-

18
1
17
-

18
-

5
3
2
-

3
3
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3

2

-

28
6
22
13
5
1

_

8

11
2
9
3
1

12
1
11
-

6

18
18
1
9
7

16
4
12
1

9
1

25
1
24
5
5

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

30
4

16

1

_

_

.

_

_

_

.

1

26
2

13
4

14
5

8

14
14
7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

9
5
4

3
2
1
1

_
_
„

_
_
_

_

_

9

8

3

14

3

8

9
9

10
3

-

-

1

1

_
-

-

80
15
65
15
9
8
28

14
_

-

_

-

109
11
98
13
22
19
36

-

_

-

63
3
60
17
16
8
16

41
-

2
6
8

1

'
-

4
10
5

8

-

-

9
18

14

-

.

_
*
-

5

1
6

5
-

19
1
18

10

2

104
41
63
11
14
21
16

5
-

34
11
23

1
1
-

See fo o tn o te at end o f ta b le .
* T r a n sp o rta tio n (ex clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), com m u n ication , and oth er public u tilitie s.
** F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l estate.




4
12

6
5

5
6

6
8
2
5

18
7
7
4
48
20
28
4
13

48
23
25
4

10

.

24
10
14
3

11
2
9
-

8
-

4

2

8
3

-

9
7
_

5

12

_

3
_

1

4

6
_

8

3

7

4

8

6

4

4

7

3

-

-

"
2
2
_

-

-

-

6
3
3

13

.
_
_

_

10
3

_
_

2
-

_

6

T a b le A - l: O f fic e O c c u p a t io n s - C o n tin u e d
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings 1 for selected occupations studied on an area basis
*
3
2
in Atlanta, Ga. , by industry division, March 1 9 5 5 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Average
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

$
$
Weekly
3 0 . 00 3 2. 50
earnings
and
(Standard) u n d e r
3 2 . 50 3 5 . 00

$
$
$
3 5. 00 3 7 . 50 4 0 . 00

t
S
S
$
s
t
S
$
$
$
$
s
s
s
$
$
$
9 5 . 00 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0
4 2 . 5 0 4 5 . 0 0 4 7 . 5 0 5 0 . 0 0 5 2 . 5 0 5 5 . 00 5 7 . 5 0 6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0
and

3 7 . 50

4 0 . 00

4 2 . 50

4 5 . 00

1
1
-

4
4
-

20
1
19
15

26
1
25
8
13

26
26
_

72
-

7 0 . 00

7 5 .0 0

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

4
4
2
2

2
1
1
1

4
4
4

2
2
2

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

25
8
17
3
1
2

18
3
15
5
9

13
11
2
2
-

5
5
4
-

1
1
-

3
3
-

1
1
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

"

-

9
4
5
4
1

2
2
2
“

4 7 . 50

5 0. 00

5 2 . 50

5 5 . 00

5 7 . 50

59
7
52
13
29

73
10
63
27
30

70
7
63
21
37

26
26
5
8

21
9
12
10
2

20
3
17
10
2

18
5
13
5
•7 '

53
53
1
11
35

68
68
15
34

83
2
81
23
14
26

42
4
38
5
3
14

47
4
43
11
4
17

28
2
26
3
3
13

162
22
140
24
52
35
17

86
36
50
8
31
2

41
5
36
6
16
9
2

22
3
19
-

22
12
10
2
5
3

17
1
16
1
4
9
2

6 5 . 00

6 0 . 00

9 5 . 00 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0

over

W o m e n - C o n tin u e d
$
50.
52.
50.
53.
48.

T r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ----------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------„----------- —
— ----------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________ _
— — ------- —
W h o le s a le tr a d e —
...________ _______
F i n a n c e * * ________________________________

350
44
306
1 08
1 48

3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 5
40. 0
39. 0

T y p i s t s , c l a s s A. ------------,------------------------------------M a n u f a c f - ■d v '
_______ _ ________________
_
N o r m a n u t « \ l u r i n g __ --------- ----------------- —
t ic ic s a lc
Vi
t r a d e _______ ________________ R e t a i l t r a d e . . . __________ _________ _____
F i n a n c e * * ___________ __
______ ___

507
35
472
73
56
235

39.
39.
39.
40..

4 1 .0
39. 5

5 1 .5 0
6 4 . 00
5 0. 50
5 5 .5 0
5 2 . 00
4 7 . 00

T y p i s t s , c l a s s B ____ _______________________ ___
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___ __ __ — __ ___________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___ ______ __________ _____
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ___ __ _______________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _
_ ___ ______ __ _
_
R e t a i l t r a d e _____ ______ _
______ ___
F in a n c e * * —
__ __ __________ _________

907
122
785
50
201
1 59
309

39.
40.
39.
39.
40.
40.
39.

43.
46.
43.
47.
46.
44.
40.

5
5
5
0

5
0
5
0
0
0
0

50
50
50
50
50

50
50
00
00
00
50
00

_

_

-

-

-

-

.

-

7
~
7
_

1
I
i

3
15
15
_

-

-

7

15

21

72
1
11
51

7
_

38
7
31
_
_
31

72
4
68
1
1
10
56

102
7
95
1
6
15
73

207
13
194
2
36
41
86

120
8
112
5
40
27
23

7
_
_
1
6

-

4

9
5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

"

“

"

“

“

"

_

iI

1 Hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
** Finance, insurance, and real estate.

Table A-2- Professional and Technical Occupations
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings 5 for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Atlanta, Ga. , by industry division, M a r c h 1 9 5 5 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARN INGS OF -

Average

is

r

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
workers

of

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings
(Standard)

72

40. 0

$
122.00

S
S
s
k
s
$
s
S
$
s
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
*
Is
Under 47. 50
50. 00 52. 50 55. 00 57. 50 60. 00 62. 50 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80, 00 85. 00 90. 00 9* 00 100.001105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 j) 70.00
$
and
; and
47. 50 under
50. 00 52. 50 55. 00 57. 50 60. 00 62. 50 65. 00 70.. 00 75, 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95 00 100.ee 1 0 5 ^ 0 : 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 120.001 125.00 130.00,

Men
Draftsmen, leader _ ___
D r a fts m e n ,

s e n io r

_

_
—

___
—

__

_

Manufacturing __
_
Nonmanufacturing _
Public utilities * _

____
__ _
___

__ __
__

Draftsmen, junior— ____
Manufacturing —
Nonmanufacturing __

_______
_
_

— —

254
144
110

46
156
77
79

40.
40.
39.
39.

0
0
5
0

39. 5
40. 0
39. 5

89. 00
8 8 . 00

90. 50
85. 00

_
_
-

_

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

12

13

6 6 . 00

_

67. 50

3 12

13

2
2

9
4
5

66. 50

-

_

_

4
4
4

1
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

il

8

5

8

5

4

2

3

23

28

35

17

15

2
-

3
2

10

23

13

2

5

11

1

27
8
1

21
16
10

14
8

10
7
3

2

1
1

65
33
32
5

37

2
2
2

8
6

5
3

2

25

5

21

15

5

19

8

_
-

_
-

2

2

"

2

7

21
12
9

-

1

-

5

6

6

1
2
3
*

_

59
42

39. 5
40. 0

72. 00
73. 50

1
1

1
1

_
-

1
1

2
-

1

8

6

6

2

4
2

7
6

9

17
15

-

-

i

2

-

1

4
4

-

_
-

2

-

-

1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

!

_

-

2

-

1
1

em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
10 at $130 to $140; 7 at $140 to $150; 6 at $150 to $160; 3 at $160 to $170.
7 at $40 to $42. 50; 5 at $45 to $47. 50.
communication, and other public utilities.

“

-

_

]

-

1

-

|

Hours reflect the workweek for which
Workers were distributed as follows:
Workers were distributed as follows:
Transportation ( excluding railroads),




1

7 1 ? et

14
14

Women
N urses, industrial (re g is te re d )__
Manufacturing — _
_

12

2

_
-

-

_
-

!
i
i
l

-

Occupational Wage Survey, Atlanta, Ga. , March 1955
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

Table A -3 :

M a in ten an ce an d Pow erplant O ccu p a tio n s

( A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 f o r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
in A t la n t a , G a . , b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , M a r c h 1 9 5 5 ) 1
5
4
3
2
N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G ST R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R LY E A R N IN G S OF—

Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is i o n

Average
hourly
earnings

Unde i

$

1 .0 0

$
1.0 5

$
1.15

1.2 0

$
1.2 5

$1 . 3 0

1.20

10

si .

$

1 .2 5

1 .3 0

2

1.0 0

and
under
1.0 5

1 . 10

1.15

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

$

2

1

19 3
98
95
53

1 .9 1
1 .9 3
2 .0 3

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e __________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
_________________________

283

2 .2 3

202

2.21

_

81

2 .3 0

-

E n g i n e e r s , s t a t i o n a r y ________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g
_
_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________

15 3
51

102

1.7 1
2 .2 3
1 .4 5

2

F ir e m e n , s t a t io n a r y b o ile r
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________

69
54

1.3 4
1.4 3

3 20
11

575

2
-

-

-

-

3
3

37
17

18
7

20

11

4
3

17

39
24
15

7

13

-

16
7
9
3

1.7 4
1.7 4
1.7 4
.1 .7 8
1 .4 5

_

_
_

_
_
_

23
_
23
_

5 8

-

-

-

M e c h a n ic s , m a in t e n a n c e
M a n u f a c t u r in g
_
........
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
W h o le s a le t r a d e _
R e t a i l t r a d e _______________________________

554
4 18
13 6
43
47

1 .9 2
_
_

_
_

_

_

2 .0 4
1 .7 8
1 .8 5

.
.

_

2

-

-

-

-

99
99

1.3 8
1.3 8

'

15
15

18
18

14 5
64
81

2.11

.

-

1 .7 9

-

-

90
76

2 .2 5
2 .2 4

*




iu m p a y fo r
d is t r ib u t e d
d is t r ib u t e d
d is t r ib u t e d

f .7 0

$
1.8 0

1.60

1 .6 5

1 .7 0

1.8 0

1 . 9 0 2 .0 0

19
5
14

-

7
3
4
4

22

3
3

4
4

4
4

3
3

7

1

1
6

-

i

1.9 0

1.0 0

1
6
1

8

2
-

-

2
4
4

4
-

1.5 0

"

~

“

-

-

'

3
3

2
2

-

11
-

11
2
2

7
15
3

2

1

8
5
4

1

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$

2.6 0

$
2 .7 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

over

,

1

5
3

11

7
7

6

6

7
3
3

-

l
l

1
1

2

18
18

11
6

16
11

13
13

"

5

5

“

1

10

4
7

6
■

2 .3 0

5

26

2

24

3

2
11

48
34
14
7

1
1

1
-

-

1
1

70
34
36

56
56

17
17

■

“

6
6

5
5

-

3
3

11
6

2

-

13
5

2

-

-

9

17
17

12

8

2

■

5

2

2

~

■

-

-

4
4

3
3

4
4

3
3

-

-

-

-

5
5

13 5
9

74
74

-

-

-

-

-

2

_
_

26
■

-

—

r

z 20

1

-

-

~

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
6

67
67

7
7

2

-

71

12
1

3

14
14
14

17
14

24
24
-

2

7
4

70
69

12
1
11
11

27

8
2

1
1

1
1

1
1

1
1

8
8

21
21

4
4

1
1

16

-

16

30
24

27
23

41
41

48
48

22
22

30
27
3

9
-

25

30
3
27

36
25

94

60

8
86

5
4
_

20
10
10

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

2
1

4
4
-

1
1

_

4
56
25
4

50
7
43
30
5

61

-

3
3
_

15

_
_
_

1

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

15

20

44
41
3

5

5
5

27
23
4

22

19

59
44
15
5

16

10

19
3

119
82
37

1

-

10

3

1
2

1

6
9

8

1

10

9
4
5

15
15

22

7

51
4
47
44

-

4

1

1

8

30
29

21
11
10

37
35

18

11

64
44

-

13
13
-

1

-

-

_

3
3
_

4
4
-

2

-

-

9
9

-

16
16

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

1
1

-

1
1

~

-

-

-

'

-

-

15
15

10

-

-

1

1
1

11

2

73

1

17

8
1

7
-

7
-

7
-

2

2

-

4

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

3

2

1
2

-

41
40

5

2
2

1

6
6

-

1

4

-

-

10
2
8

-

2

1
1

4
4

1
1

9
9

53
39

13
13

2

-

-

3
3

26
26

4
4

4
4

1

4

2
2

18
18

17

-

2

8
1

15

7

4
4

2
2

6
6

1

1

30

5

9

-

6

7
4
3

20

4

15
5

7
54
38
5

1

16
1
1

1
1

1 .9 3

a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

-

10

126
126

3

15
13

25
17

1
!

2

c o m m u n ic a t io n ,

$
2 .3 0

1

1

12

7

2 . 10 2 .2 0

o v e r t im e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la t e s h if t s .
O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y ,
a s f o l l o w s : 1 4 a t $ 2 . 8 0 to $ 2 . 9 0 ; 6 a t $ 3 t o $ 3 . 1 0 .
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T O F LA B O R
a s f o llo w s : 4 a t $ 0 . 7 5 to $ 0 . 8 0 ; 4 a t $ 0 . 8 0 to $ 0 . 8 5 ; 2 a t $ 0 . 8 5 t o $ 0 . 9 0 ; 1 a t $ 0 . 9 0 to $ 0 . 9 5 ; 9 a t $ 0 . 9 5 to $ 1 .
a s f o llo w s : 4 a t $ 0 . 7 5 to $ 0 . 8 0 ; 9 a t $ 0 . 8 0 to $ 0 . 8 5 ; 2 a t $ 0 . 8 5 to $ 0 . 9 0 ; 2 a t $ 0 . 9 0 to $ 0 . 9 5 .

W o r k e r s w e r e a l l a t $ 0 . 9 5 to $ 1 .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n ( e x c lu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) ,

1 . 10 1 . 2 0

17
4
13

18

p re m
w e re
w e re
w e re

\ . 65

1.4 5

1

537
13 3
404
279
62

E x c lu d e s
W o rk e rs
W o rk e rs
W o rk e rs

.60

$

~

M e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t i v e ( m a i n t e n a n c e ) ___
M a n u f a c t u r in g
........ .
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
..
.... ...
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *
. ...
R e t a il t ra d e
_______________

1
2
3
4
5

2
2

12
2
10

-

-

.

-

2

-

~

P ip e f i t t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e
M a n u f a r t u r in g

10

11
10

1
-

-

P a i n t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e ____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ............... . __
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______ .

13

2
2

7

6

2 .11
2 .11

O i l e r s _____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g . .. _

3

1
'2

-

3 15
295

1.8 8

4

2
2
2

17
17

M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e
M a n u f a c t u r in g _

8

11
10
1
1

3
3

417

.

3
3
-

23
23

8
1

6

1 .4 5

4
4

-

1.5 0
1 .5 3
1.4 8
1.5 8
1.0 3

34

1.5 5

1.4 0

"

-

-

363
289
35

28
_

$•
1.5 5

1 .3 5

2
1
1

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e
M a n u f a c t u r in g
_
_ . . ___ _____
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ________________________
R e t a il t ra d e
...... ...............

21 2

1.5 0

$
1.4 0

-

-

$

1.3 5

and

$
1.9 2

C a r p e n t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e ____________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _______________________________

$

11
2

A tla n t a ,

-

-

-

G a . , M a rc h 19 5 5
B ureau of Lab o r

S t a t is t ic s

T ab le A -4:

C u sto d ial an d M a te ria l M ovem ent O ccu p a tio n s

( A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s
in A t l a n t a , G a . , b y in d u s t r y d iv is i o n ,

2

s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
M a rc h 19 5 5 )

N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T-TIM E H O U R LY E A R N IN G S OF—

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is i o n

Number
of
workers

G u a r d s -------------------------------------------------------------—------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e * * -------------------------------------------------------------------

252
52
43

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c le a n e r s
( m e n ) -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
-------------------------------------------------Public u tilities* -------------------------------------------------Wholesale trade ------------------------------------------------

2 .4 2 8
1, 113
1,3 15
285
18 4

Average
hourly
earnings

$
$ ’
U n d e r 0 . 65 0 . 70
and
$
0. 65 u n d e r
. 75
. 70

$
1 . 77
1.3 8
1.4 3

-

1 .0 6

Retail t r a d e ------------------------------------------------------------Laborers, m aterial handling ----------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------

224
-

34
-

224
-

1 . 14

. 72
.9 1
. 67

68

.6 6
1. 15
1 . 16
1 . 14
1.3 1

— —-------------------------------------—----------------------- --— --------------

Order fillers ---------------------- -------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------Wholesale trade -----------------------------------------------Retail t r a d e -------------------------------------------------------------

962
209
753
403
342

1 .2 9
1 .2 5
1.3 0
1.2 5
1.3 6

Packers, shipping (men) — ------------------- — -------M anufacturing -------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------Wholesale tra d e -------------------------------

5 14

1 .2 5

2 19
295
205

1.2 9
1.2 3
1.2 6

Packers, shipping (women) -------------------Nonmanufacturing — ---------------------------

14 6
12 7

1. 1 8
1. 1 1

-

-

17 1
44
12 7
-

10

12 3
52
71

8
1
33

' 23
14

. 14

4

_

_

620

-

-

282
338

-

_

_

-

-

2 17
16 8
49

$

1.20

$
1.2 5

$
1.3 0

$
1.3 5

$
1.4 0

$
1 .4 5

$
1.5 0

1.10

1.15

1.2 0

1.2 5

1.3 0

1.3 5

1.4 0

1.4 5

1.5 0

1.5 5

-

10
8

4

-

6
6
6

1
1

6
6
6

2
2
1

3
3
3

17 3
15 3

21

_
-

102
54
48
-

14 0
78
62

2

14

16

15

71

24

15 9

86
73
18
14

18

290
190
100
37
17
17
1Q

26
43
34

-

14 1
63
78
36
15
Q
7
IU

7

1

117
41
76

257
16 7
90

362
283
79

21

-

-

5

-

222

275

17 4
48

14 0
75
65

16 8
56

101
66

112
16

35

75

28
3

523
56
467
441
19

46

25

9
4
_

1

5
-

45

19

10

2

5

-

22

3
3

13
9

-

-

-

-

"

1
1

2

-

2

-

-

_
-

-

_
_
_

10

2

1 .22

-

-

-

1.5 6

.

_

_

-

-

.
■

_
-

.
.
-

-

_

“

-

10

-

2

.
.

9
4

6

2

2

4

5

4

16

4

-

-

_

8

59
7
52
46

12

5

2

30
4

14

5

_

2
1

-

2

10

-

2

-

13

5

1

21

10

4

-

7

9
9

4

2

-

21

7

2

16

21

21

15

7

16 .

_

10

-

11

8
6

4

3

13 2

12

-

2

$2

12

200

16

9

2

95

-

38
23

6
6

-

43
31

47

390
33
357
343
7
7

6
1

30
30

-

238
38

12

6
6

-

-

29
13

46

1
1

13

-

89
70
19

6

22

13

7
-

-

8
2
6

8
_

-

96
5

12

1

1
1

16
8

3
9
5
4
18

3

-

*
*

“

”

160

-

16 9

15 2
15 0

1

2

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

~

18

10

17

2

_

12
6
6

-

12

-

10
10

5
5

-

18

4

25
3

17

1
2

-

10

-

17

9

5
3

-

5

9
4
5
3

33
33

15
15

9
9

3
3

4
4

3
3

3
3

10

2

10

2

4

8

21

6

27

7

9

2

17
7

19
17

4
-

1
-

16
1

12

4
1

10

3

15
15

9

-

-

-

4

6

4

1

9

-

3

1

6

2

2

11

9

30
24

2

1?

26
11

59
51

6
1

2
1

18
3
15
15

-

18
3
25

-

-

9

6

21

6

24

7

22
2

-

-

1
6
6
“

50

15
13

3

-

-

12
-

15 0
13 8

25

15

22
2
2

20

5

16
1

21
6

-

-

11

5

5
7

"

6
6

-

2

19
3
3

17

2

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

3

51
50

1
1

3
3

3
3

1

-

-

..

_

_

_

6
r~T~~
-

-

22

34
7
27

11

2

6

2
2

19

4

12
21

17 0

8

1

33

24

-

6

-

17 0

15

12

2

12

-

6
6

8

8

-

31
31

28

3

2
1

4
4
-

17

-

3
3

-

2
1
1

26
8

1

_

-

120

65
5
60
53

.

-

3

4

12 3

4
15 6
4
15 2

14

11

_

-

4

1

5
3

•
-

6

5

8

-

-

-

8
2
6

9
4
5
4

10

4

.
-

_

-

101

22
8

_

-

68

12
34
18

25

-

-

59
5

26
55
42
13

17

-

3
3

-

1

31
9

54
32

-

1

15
7

35

-

3
3

14 1
40

42
9
33
17

14
-

-

5

13

o v e r ..

-

4
-

•

10

-

4

-

25

7

-

15
5

82
14

4

no
89

20

43
I
42
23
15

23
9
14
9

? ..

-

7
3
-

-

296

81

11

_

2 . 00 2 . 10

13

-

54
35

5

-

13

-

46

6

5

5

13

24
24

-

$

$

C

39

-

_

1. 9 0

49
-

16

8
11

31

6

32
-

1 . Q0

15

32

8
12
g
2

2

1
1

ftO

1
2

29

5
-

_

-

$

25
25
-

56
48
7

5

13

1.

65
60
5
-

68
29
23
1A
X *x

1 .7 0

6n

17

2

11

5
5“
4

—

l .

10

34

20

49
15

-

_

$
1.8 0

4

49

26

24
13

2
2
-

s
1.7 0

20

82

49

10
11

-

"

$
1.5 5

39
9
30
28

117

47
65
45

76
3

20

2
2

112

-

13
n

-

33
30
3

-

$
1.6 0

15
l£
15

3
3

30
60

See footn otes at end of table.
* T ran sp ortation (exclud ing r a ilr o a d s ), co m m u n ica tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilities.
** F inan ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l esta te.




$
1.15

58
18

-

1.4 9
1.6 0
1.3 4

1.10

13
36

-

2 14
10 6
83

$

1 .0 5

$

13 0
19 3

-

1 .6 7
1.50

-

59
14
4

-

420

1.0 0

11
-

639
2 19

-

10

-

Shipping and receiving c l e r k s --------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------Public utilities* — ------------------------ Wholesale trade — ------------------ ---- Retail t r a d e ------- ---------------------------

$

and

10
1

-

1.4 8
1. 57
1.3 7
1 .4 8

1.0 5

10

"

333
19 0
14 3
82
59

1.0 0

10
8

-

Shipping clerks -------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------Nonmanufacturing---------------------------- Wholesale tra d e ---------------------------Retail t r a d e ----------------------------------

. 95

332

-

2
3
1
2
2

. 90

*332
38

.9 5

1 .4
1.4
1 .4
1.4
1.4

. 85

14

1.00

Receiving clerks -----------— ---- ------------------ - 261
Manufacturing —----------------------------------------------------------12 3
Nonmanufacturing ------- --------------------------------------------13 8
Wholesale trade -----------------------------------------------45
Retail trade ------------------------------------------------------------90

. 80

0.

5 #

. 80

4. 220
2 ,2 3 7
1 ,9 8 3
944
557
463

Wholesale trade
Retail trade —

34
-

16 3
-

.9 2

1 . 16

562
12 8
434

$
0 .9 5

-

16 3
-

3
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
(women) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

0. 90

$

4

1.2 2

335

-

$
0 . 85

$

80

$
0 . 75

-

-

-

-

-

18
3
15

15
15

12

12

20

6
6

2
10
2

18

8

2

i
i
i

43

15
13

2

22

6

28

7

37
24
13

10

-

-

8

7

9

'

5
4

15

8
4
4
25

25
3

22
”

-

5

2
-

_

17
3
14

5
4

7
7

ii
n

1

8
6

-

-

-

1

-

-

12
1
11
1

no

10

78
32

3
7

39
16
23

7
3

12

-

3
13

4
3

11
512
”

O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , A t la n t a , G a . , M a r c h 1 9 5 5
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s

9

Table A -4 :

C u sto d ial an d M aterial M ovem ent O ccu p a tio n s - Continued

( A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s 23 s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
4
5
in A t l a n t a , G a . , b y in d u s t r y d iv is i o n , M a r c h 1 9 5 5 )
N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S OF—

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d e r 1 V 2
t o n s ) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
-------------------------------------------------- -W h o l e s a l e t r a d e --------------------------------------------------

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

$
402
95
307
81

1.2 1

65 &. 70
Under
and
$
under
0. 65
. 70
. 75

-

6

-

$
0. 75

$

.8 5

.9 0

0.

0.9 0

$
0 .9 5

$

1 .0 0

$
1.0 5

$

1 . 10

$
1.15

$

1.2 0

$
1.2 5

$
1.3 0

$
1.3 5

$
1.4 0

$
1 .4 5

$
1 .5 0

$
1.5 5

$
1 .6 0

s
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1.9 0

•9.5

80

$
0. 85

1.00

1 .0 5

1.10

1.15

1.20

1.2 5

1.3 0

1.3 5

1.4 0

1 .4 5

1 . 50

1.5 5

1 .6 0

1 . 70

1.8 0

1.9 0

2. 00 2 . 1 0

35

24

$

1.19

-

6
-

-

13

18

13

13
5

18

35

22

17
13
4

12
10

2
2

8
8

24
24
-

2 . 18 7
451
1,7 3 6

1.2 5
1 .0 4
1.3 1
1 AA

-

-

9
-

271

116

49

168

-

9

10 3

51
65

41

19 5
48
14 7

W h o l e s a l e t r a d e -------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e ---------------------— --------------------------------------

10 9
377

1.0 7
.9 4

-

-

-

29
74

25
40

-

-

41

14 7

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s,
t r a ile r typ e)
-------------------------------------------------—------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g
------------------------ --------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------------- —-

573
256
3 17

1.4 4
1.3 7
1.5 0

-

-

49
14
35

19
14
5

ICC

i

-

-

-

-

16
20
1

24
24

2

1 1

9

36

14

13

1

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d iu m ( lV a to a n d
i n c l u d i n g 4 t o n s ) ------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g
-------------------------------------------- — -----------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------•
--------------------------------------------

-

8

62
40

-

19

40
23
17

30
30
28

10
7

2

20
4
16
15

1

35
30
5

8

3

2

-

1
2

-

2

-

-

8

1
4

-

7
7

27

7

15

11
16

1
6

13

3
3

10
6

2

10

-

2

82

1.2 8

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) -------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g
----------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ----------------------------------------R e t a il t ra d e
----------------------------------------------------

455
3 17
13 8
53
37

1.4 3
1.5 0
1.2 8
1 . 19
1.3 2

W a t c h m e n -------------------------------------- --------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g
------------------------------------------ -------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------— ----------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * -------------------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e -----------------------------------------R e t a il tra d e
----------------------------------------------------

4 14
251
16 3
51
33
44 .

1.0 3
.9 8

1.11
1 .2 9
1 . 18
1.0 5

_

_

-

-

-

-

32

9

24
24

13

37
37

6

-

13

10

-

6

-

3

55

19

7

41

39

16

16

3

6
1
1

20
21

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

"

"

■

11

1

3

77
58
19

-

5

1

-

9
“

8
14

6
8
5
3
55
31
24
7
13
4

7

6
1

5

582

2580
575

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la t e
D a t a l i m i t e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
W o rk e rs w ere
d is t r ib u t e d a s f o llo w s :
3 a t $ 0 . 5 0 to $ 0 . 5 5 ; 2 0 a t $ 0 . 5 5 to $ 0 . 6 0 ;
4
W o rk e rs w ere
d is t r ib u t e d a s f o llo w s :
3. a t $ 0 . 3 5 t o $ 0 . 4 0 ; 1 0 a t $ 0 . 4 5 t o $ 0 . 5 0 ;
5 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o llo w s : 5 a t $ 2 . 1 0 to $ 2 . 2 0 ; 3 a t $ 2 . 2 0 to $ 2 . 3 0 ; 4
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n ( e x c lu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l it ie s .
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s ta te .




8

1

5
3
3

-

10

47

-

1

1
1

1
1

38
38
4

46
3

-

44
32

67

12
*3

61
44

15
14

-

9

1
16

32
32

85
85

309
5
304
301

19 4

10

10

1

114
114

19 3
18 9

7
3

-

-

-

-

1

58
32
26

4

3

3

2

1

-

2
-

-

6
6

11
8

8
8

91
-

-

2

-

-

-

91
85

3

12 4

4

3

10
7

14
14
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

26

120
118

2

1
1
1

14
4

-

10

-

-

6

44
30
14

12

-

9
3

-

-

14

3

-

1

-

-

26
5

19
15
4

16

1

1
-

1

21
11

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

2

-

16

_

25
25

7

9
9

21
10
11
10
1

35

3

44

2

3
3

12
8

4
4

9

5

12 5
12 5

15

-

-

4
-

-

1
1

-

1

-

8
1
1

6

-

2

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

10

9

1

8

6
1

-

-

-

1

47
37

-

17

-

-

13

6
11

10
1
6

8

11
6

-

2

2

-

5

2

3

33
9

1

1

8

12

7
4
3

4

10

6

-

3
7
5

5

-

1

10

-

4
5

6

2
1

29
4

-

8

2

5
3

-

40
13
27
7

4

11

1

-

-

-

2

4

2

1

j------------1
2
3

-

over

1

AK

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
o t h e r t h a n t r a i l e r t y p e ) -----------------------------------

2.0 0 2 . 1 0
and

.8 0

1.2 7

1.20

$

s

s h ift s .
3 2 a t $ 0 . 6 0 to $ 0 . 6 5 .
1 5 a t $ 0 . 5 0 to $ 0. 5 5 ; 5 a t $
a t $ 2 . 3 0 to $ 2 . 4 0 .

0.

5 5 to $ 0 . 6 0 ; 2 9 9 a t $

0.

60 to $ 0 . 6 5 .

-

2

1

2

8

1

16
1

V

1

_

-

12
12

2

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

1
1

8
8

-

2

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

1

“

“

“

“

"

10




B: Establishment Practices and Supplem entary Wage Provisions

Table B-1: Shift Differential Provisions1
P e rce n t o f m anufacturing plant w ork ers—
(a)
In establishm ents having
fo rm a l p rov ision s fo r —

Shift differential

Second-shift
w ork

T h ird -or othershift w ork

(b)
A ctually working on—

Second shift

Third or other
shift

7 7.7

With shift pay d ifferen tial

______________

____________

_

U niform cents (per hour) ______________________________
Under 5 cents ______________________ ____
_______
5 cents
_____________________________________________
6 cents ____________________ _________________ _____
7 or l l!z cents ____________ _________________________
8 cents
_____________________________________________
____________________________________ _______
9 cents
10, IOV 2 o r 103/4 cents _____________________________
15 cents and over ___________________________________
U niform p ercentage

_

5 percen t ____________________________________________
6 percen t ____________________________________________
7 V 2 p e r c e n t ___________ __ ______________ ________
O th er2

___________________________________________ ____

No shift pay d ifferential ___________________________________

65. 6

15. 5

4. 6

63.9

56.3

12.0

2 .9

47. 5

41. 3

11. 2

2. 8

5 .9
1 1.4
2. 7
2. 5
18.7
5. 3
1. 0

_
8. 7
1. 9
2. 6
17. 8
2 .7
4. 6
3. 0

1. 0
1. 6
.9
.6
6 .4
.7
-

_
.8
. 1
.3
.8
.4
.1
.3

-

14. 8

13. 3

.2

-

13.3
1. 5
-

1. 1
1 2.2

.1
A
-

-

1.6

1. 7

.6

.1

13. 8

9 .3

3. 5

1. 7

1
Shift differential data are p resented in term s o f (a) establishm ent p o licy , and (b) w ork ers actually em ployed on late shifts
at the tim e of the survey. An establishm ent was co n sid e re d as having a p o licy if it m et either of the following conditions: (l) Op­
erated late shifts at the tim e o f the survey, o r (2) had form a l p ro v isio n s cov erin g late shifts.
* Includes such p rov ision s as full day's pay fo r reduced h ou rs, and paid lunch p eriod (not paid first-sh ift w ork ers).
A L e s s than 0. 05 percen t.
Occupational Wage Survey, Atlanta, Ga. , M arch 1955
U .S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

11

T a b le B-2: M inim um E n tra n c e R a tes fo r W o m e n O ffic e W o r k e r s 1
Number of establishm ents with sp e cifie d m inim um hiring rate in—
Manufacturing
M inim um rate
(w eekly salary)

A ll
schedules

190

N onm anufacturing

Manufacturing

B ased on standard w eekly hours 2 o f—

A ll
industries

E stablishm ents s tu d ie d ___________

Number o f establishm ents with s p e cifie d m inimum hiring rate in—

59

A ll
schedules

40

XXX

131

A ll
industries
A ll
schedules

37Va

3 8 3/4

40

XXX

XXX

XXX

190

6

_

_

_

1
2

1
1
4

-

-

1
1
1

-

,

-

8
7
3
5
19
5
3
4

-

-

-

-

-

28

XXX
XXX

18

-

_

24
9
10
5
1

1
1
4
1
3
3
4
1
1

1
1
4
1
2
2
3
1
1

10
8
10
5
21
6
6
4
-

-

-

-

-

?

2

2

-

E stablishm ents having no
s p e cifie d m inim um _____________________

45

17

XXX

E stablishm ents which did not
em ploy w ork ers in this
ca te g o ry ________________________________ __

52

20

2

1

$ 2 7 .5 0
$30. 00
$ 3 2 .5 0
$ 3 5 .0 0
$ 3 7 .5 0
$ 4 0 .0 0
$42. 50
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$52. 50
$ 55.00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

Data not available

$ 3 0 .0 0
$32. 50
$ 3 5 .0 0
$37. 50
$ 4 0 .0 0
$ 4 2 .5 0
$45. 00
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$52. 50
$55. 00
$ 57. 50

_____
_____
_____
_____
_____
_____
_____
_____
_____
_____
_____
_____

_______________

__

_

11
9
14
6

54

6

21

91

70

-

59

40

XXX

A ll
schedules

131

37Vz

383/ 4

40

XXX

XXX

XXX

FOR OTP[ER INEXPISRIENCED C LERICAL MWORKERS

FOR INEX]PERIENCEE) TYPISTS

E stablishm ents having a
s p e cifie d m inim um _____________

Nonmanufacturing

B ased on standard w eekly hours 2 o f—

95

20

17

1
16
15
13

_

2

_
2

-

-

3
1

59
1

2

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

29

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

26

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

2

XXX

XXX

XXX

53

24

XXX

32

XXX

XXX

XXX

40

14

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

2

1

-

1
14
15
10
6
18
6

-

-

1
4
1
1

-

6

2

-■

3
1
3
1
3
1
1

5

7

12
9
6
5
15
6
2
3

23
7
6
4
1

7

75

-

2
1
2

-

5
1
-

1 L ow est sa la ry rate fo rm a lly established fo r hiring inexperienced w orkers fo r typing o r other c le r ic a l jo b s .
2 Hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees re ceiv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s .
Data are presented fo r all workweeks com bined, and fo r the m ost com m on w orkw eeks.




Occupational Wage Survey, Atlanta, Ga. , M arch 1955
U .S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
Bureau o f Labor Statistics

12

T a b le B-3: F r e q u e n c y o f W a g e P a y m e n t
PERCENT OP OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Frequency of payment

All
l
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT W ORKERS EM PLOYED IN—

Finance**

Services

All
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

A ll w o r k e r s ---------------------- ---------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

W eekly ...........................................................................
B iw e e k ly _______________________________________ —
Semimonthly --------------------------------------------------------

38
28
33
A

70
7
19
4

21
57
22

33
24
36
7

52
39
9

10
38
52

85
11
4

93
6
A

60
38
2

66
11
20
3

Services

81
16
3

1
2
A
*
**

Includes data for s e rv ice s in addition to those industry division s shown separately.
Includes data fo r rea l estate, and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown separately.
L ess than 2. 5 p ercen t.
Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
Finance, in surance, and real estate.

Table B-4: Scheduled W eekly Hours
.................................................... ...........

............ ........ ....................................
1
1
""
P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

----------P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

W e e k ly h o u r s
All
2
industries

A l l w o r k e r s ---------------------------------

35 h o u r s

--------------------------------------------------

___________________________________________________________ _

100

Manufacturing

100

A

w

P u blic .
utilities

100

Wholesale
trade

R etail trade

100

100

Finance * *

100

Services

Ail
,
industries

100

M anufacturing

100

P u blic
utilities *

100

W holesale
trade

100

R etail trade

Services

100

9

O ver

35

h o u r s __________________________

A

3

-

-

h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

15

8

63

6

8

7

A

4

-

-

3 7 l/a

-

-

A

A

_

_

-

-

A

-

-

21

-

-

5

-

-

__________________________________________________________

_
_

-

-

-

______________________ _______________________________________

73

87

26

89

81

69

74

90

60

83

51

3 8 h ou rs

and u n der

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3 8 3/ 4 h o u r s
40 h ou rs

3 7 l 22
/

O ver

40

44 h o
O ver
48 h o
50 h o
O ver

u r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 4 a n d u n d e r 4 8 h o u r s ___________________________
u r s ______________________________________________________
u r s __________________________________________________ ____
5 0 h o u r s _____________________________ __________
___

1
2
3
A
*
**

and u n der

4 4 h o u r s _______________________________

A
A
A
A
_

A

-

-

-

A

A
A
A

_

A

A

A
A

5

_
_

_
_

3
_
_
_

A
A
_

A

A
A
_
_

3

A
5

10
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

29
7
4

4

A
3
5

3

-

8
8
7
16
3
7

Data relate to wom en w ork ers only.
Occupational Wage S urvey, A tlanta, Ga. , M arch 1955
Includes data fo r s e rv ice s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
U .S . D EPARTM EN T OF LABOR
Includes data for rea l estate, and s e rv ice s in addition to those industry division s shown separately.
Bureau o f L abor S tatistics
L ess than 2. 5 p ercen t.
Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
Finance, in su ra n ce, and rea l estate.




13

T a b le B-5: Paid H o lid a y s P ro v isio n s 1
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED I N -

Item
All
,
industries

c

A ll w o r k e r s

Manufacturing

P ublic
utilities *

W holesale
trade

R etail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Finance * *

Services

All
,
industries

M anufacturing

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

R etail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

100

99

100

79

85

-

-

Services

N u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g p aid
h o lid a y s ----------------------------------------------- -------------------L e s s than 4 d a y s ----------------------------------------------~
4 d ays —--------------------------------------------------------- ------5 d a ys -------------------------------------------------------------------6 d a y s -------------- ----------------------------------------------------7 d a ys --------------------------------------------------------------------

A
A

A
A

A
A

73

98

92

-

3

4

-

4

A

4

A

-

-

7

26

30

71
6

84

37

30

16

11

18

36

45

days

-------— — --------- ----------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g no pa id
h o lid a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------

21

14

30

43

71

64

55

8

3
3

22
-

13

8

9

37

A

-

9
26

A
A

-

-

-

-

5

A

A

A

A

59

47

4

3

13

11

-

A

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

21

27

A

8

15

-

3

A

P r o v i s io n s f o r h o lid a y s o c c u r in g
on n o n w o r k d a y s 4
W ith p r o v i s io n s f o r h o lid a y s f a llin g on
S a tu rd a y ------------------------------------------------------------------A n o th e r day o f f w ith p a y —-------------------------------E x tr a d a y 's p a y — ---------------------------------------------O p tion o f a n o th e r d a y o f f o r e x tr a
d a y 's p a y — -------------------------------------------------------■
P r o v i s io n s d i f f e r f o r v a r io u s h o l i d a y s ---------O th er p r o v i s io n s -----------------------------------------------S a tu rd a y is a s c h e d u le d w o r k d a y f o r a ll
w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------N o p r o v i s io n s (o r n o p a y ) f o r h o lid a y s
fa llin g on S a tu rd a y ----------------------------------------------W ith p r o v i s io n s f o r h o lid a y s fa llin g on
Sunday ----------------------------------------------------------------------A n o th e r day o f f w ith p a y ----------------------------------E x tr a d a y 's p a y --------------------------------------------------O ption o f a n o th e r d a y o f f o r e x tr a
d a y 's p a y -----------------------------------------------------------P r o v i s io n s d i ff e r f o r v a r io u s h o lid a y s — -----O th er p r o v i s io n s ----------- ■
-----------------------------------Sun day is a s c h e d u le d w o r k d a y f o r a ll
w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------N o p r o v i s io n s (o r n o p a y ) f o r h o lid a y s
fa llin g on Sunday --------------------------------------------------W ith p r o v i s io n s f o r h o lid a y s f a llin g
d u rin g v a c a t io n -----------------------------------------------------A n o th e r day o f f w ith p a y ----------------------------------E x tr a d a y 's p a y -------------------------------------------- — —
O ption o f a n o th e r d a y o f f o r e x tr a

58

67

68

54

78

34

45

34

45

65

57

53

60

34

51
32

60

53

35

34

31

31

-

18

24

11

3

14

4

A

A

A

11

-

A

-

-

A

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

3

4

7

12

14

A

35

29

28

39

94

93

99

92

90

99

A

14

11

-

31

13

34

22

45

6

9

65

90

96

96

71

68

86

80

82

89

90

96

66

61

86

73

80

A

A

A

-

A

5

"

4

6

-

3

A
A

A

_

A

_

_

A

A

_

4

-

-

-

A

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

”

-

-

-

-

-

5

6

A

-

-

-

A

-

-

-

3

10

4

4

7

5

12

13

-

77

86

94

79

86

55

63

87

68

70

57

25

94

73

71

55

33

15

87

59

-

4

5

-

27

46

-

59
8

56

18

8
-

-

3
-

A

A

-

A

A

-

-

-

-

3
-

A

-

-

-

13

6

21

22

13

1 E s t im a t e s in c lu d e o n ly f u ll - d a y h o lid a y s p r o v id e d ann ually.
2 In c lu d e s data f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 In c lu d e s data f o r r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
4 L im it e d to p r o v i s io n s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g a fo r m a l p o l ic y a p p ly in g w hen h o lid a y s o c c u r on
i n fo r m a lly a s the s itu a tio n o c c u r s w e r e in clu d e d .
A L e s s than 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
** F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




A

-

-

A
P r o v i s io n s d i ff e r f o r v a r io u s h o lid a y s ---------O th er p r o v i s i o n s -------------------------------------------------N o p r o v i s io n s (o r n o p a y ) f o r h o lid a y s
fa llin g d u rin g v a c a t io n ---------------------------------------- 1
4
3
2

18

64

n on w ork d ays;

som e of

the

-

9
-

-

-

-

3

10

e s t im a t e s

A

-

16

45

A

-

11

24

15

w ou ld be

s lig h t ly

h ig h e r if p r a c t ic e s

d e te r m in e d

O cc u p a tio n a l W age S u r v e y , A tlan ta, G a. , M a r c h 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

14

T a b le B-6:

P a id V a c a t io n s

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
V a ca tio n p o lic y

A ll w o r k e r s

_ ________________________

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
A
-

99
99
A
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

A

A

_________

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
All
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

93
80
12
-

91
71
20
-

100
100
-

95
95
.

93
93
_

-

7

9

"

5

7

_
5
95

A
59
A
31

64
3
24

52
_
48

48
47

_
5
3
84
8

.
5
95

_
48
12
31

_
18
82

_
14
6
75

-

A
37
8
45
A

-

-

-

_
5
90
5

A
30
5
56
A

_
38
6
46

_
8
92
-

_
11
9
75
-

16
3
66
8

_
95
5
-

A
14
A
70
A
5

_
15
A
72
A
A

_
97

_
11
A
79

_
13
5
54

13
A
68
3
7

14
A
69
A
4

Finance * *

Services

M ETHOD O F P A Y M E N T
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
pa id v a c a tio n s ___________________________________
L e n g t h -o f - t im e p a y m e n t ______________________
P e r c e n t a g e paym en t
O ther .......... .
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no paid v a c a tio n s
. _ _
.

*

-

AM O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y
A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ______________________________________
1 w e e k __________ _______________________________ ___
O v er 1 and under 2 w eek s _ ________
2 w eek s ...
. ..
...
... .

_
23
A
76

_
20
80

_
48
52

_
9
91

_
57
A
40

_

_

_

_
49
_
44

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ______________________________________
1 w eek
____
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s
.
___
2 w eek s _____________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s _____

_
7
A
90
A

_
12
_
88
-

_
9
91
-

_
100
-

_
19
3
64
8

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek _____________________________________
1 w eek ______________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w eek s
_____ _____________ ______________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________

_
5
A
91
3

_
9
91
-

_
5
_
95

_
100

-

-

_
5
3
84
8

_
97
3

_
94
6

_
4
A
78
17

-

_

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ______________________________________
. . . _ ..
.
1 w eek
. ..
. ................ . ... .
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s
__
. .. . .. .
2 w eek s ............. ..........
...................................... .
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s
.............
3 w e e k s ________ ____________________________________

_
A
A
92
A
4

_
4
95
A

-

-

3

3

-

20

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
.
..
O v er 1 and under 2 w eek s
........... .......... .
_ ..
2 w eek s
................. .. .........
O v er 2 and under 3 w e e k s
...... ....
3 w eek s _____________________________________________

A
_

89
3
7

A

_

-

-

95

97

_

-

3

3

_
-

91
A
9

4
-

65
13
18

_
-

92
5
3

_
-

97
-

3

11
-

79
A
4

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le .
O cc u p a tio n a l W age S u r v e y , AtLanta, G a. , M a r c h 1955
* T r a n s p o r ta tio n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
** F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is tic s




NOTE:

In the ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a t io n a llo w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , p a y m e n ts o th er than •'length o f tim e ,
su ch as p e r c e n t a g e o f annual e a r n in g s o r fla t - s u m p a y m e n ts , w e r e c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a len t tim e
b a s i s ; fo r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d as i w e e k 's pa.y.

10
_

51
12
20

15

P a id V a c a t io n s - C o n tin u e d

T a b le B-6
1

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

V a c a tio n p o l ic y

A ll w o r k e r s

All
.
industries 1

.......

.

.........

.

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

-

-

_
_
39
59
_
3

4

73
24
_

_
18
82
.

Manufacturing

100

100

A
_
47
50

A

Public
utilities *

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
All
,
industries

Manufacturing

100

100

100

_
48
47
5
-

13

14

11

10

A

A

42
36
-

43
32
_

31
69
_

_
43
40
_

40
42
_

A

-

-

A

-

14

Finance **

Services

Public
utilities3
!'

100

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

A M O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y - C on tinued
A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O v e r 1 an d un d er 2
2 w e e k s ...
...........
3 w eeks
............
O v e r 3 and u nd er 4
4 w e e k s and o v e r .

...

.

w eeks
_ ___
...................
w eeks
........._ .
.

...... ..
___

_ .

A
A

-

-

32
65
_
-

_
-

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
. ...
O v e r 1 and un d er
_
3 w eeks
.
O v e r 3 and u nd er
4 w e e k s and o v e r

2 w eeks

A

2 w eeks
_ ___
_
...
..... „... . ... ....
..
.........
.......... .......
4 w eeks
. .. .
. ._ ... ...

A

_
40
54
A
3

_
73
24
-

A

A
_
73
23
A

_
_

_
_
31

10
88

66

_
A

3

.
_

_
_
31

4
26

55
15

10

A

_
34
49
-

-

39
36
3

43
32
-

_
25
75
-

11

A

-

-

A

32
36
_
14

_
_
31
36
32

13

14

10

A

43
31
A

_
_
25
75
"

11

A

39
32
7

_
34
42

_
32
20

8

30

_
. 38
57
5

13

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek

........................ .
O v e r 1 a n d un d er 2 w e e k s
_... ._ ..... _ .
2 w eeks
______
_
_
_
...
......
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
.....................
4 w e e k s and o v e r
_ .
.

39
42
17

10
88

55

A

14

4
_
26
18
52

* Includes data for s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown separately.
Includes data for rea l estate, and se rv ice s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown separately.
A L es s than 2 .5 p ercen t.
* T ransportation (excluding ra ilroa d s), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
**F in a n ce, in surance, and rea l estate.




16

APPENDIX:

JOB DESCRIPTIONS

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau1s wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.
Office

BILLER,

MACHINE

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, billers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:
Biller, machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers1
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.



BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
Class A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system, used.
Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B - Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or a c ­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B - Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

17

CLERK,

FILE

Class A - Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material.
May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing^ and locating
material in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B - Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating ma­
terial in the files. May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK,

ORDER

Receives customers1 orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.
CLERK,

PA YROLL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers1
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out pay checks and assist paymaster in making up and distrib­
uting pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position.
Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER,

GENERAL

Primary duty is. to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer.
May also type from written copy.
May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include tran­
scribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COM PTO M ETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER,

TECHNICAL

Prim ary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter.
May also type from written copy.
May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwriting
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine.
Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto master.
May keep file of
used stencils or ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple com­
pleted material.



Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take messages.
May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

18

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR,

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
tion
type
This
time

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker1s
while at switchboard.

TABULA TING- MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine.
May file cards after they are tabulated.
May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machine.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR,

included.
A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clericaL work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form.
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

GENERAL

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work.
Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

Professional

DRAFTSMAN,

prepared by drafts­
manufacturing pur­
required. May pre­
perform other duties

LEADER

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during



a nd

Technical

emergencies or as a regular assignment,
of a supervisory or administrative nature.

(Assistant draftsman)

DRAFTSMAN,

Class B - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, etc. ; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER - Continued

JUNIOR

Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
man or others for engineering, construction, or
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools as
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
under direction of a draftsman.

GENERAL - Continued

or perform related duties

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc. ,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

19

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities
safety of all personnel.

Maintenance

CARPENTER,

MAINTENANCE

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment.
Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter*s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work.
In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

ELEC T RICIAN,

MAINTENANC E

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician’ s handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.



affecting the health, welfare,

and

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
Uses T-square, compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
simple drawings and do simple lettering.

and

Powerplant

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one "engineer are excluded^
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER,

TRADES,

MAINTENANCE

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-time basis.

20

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR,

TOOLROOM

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purppses, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST,

MECHANIC,

MAINTENANCE

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment.
In general, the
machinist's work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant la y ­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed r e ­
ducers. In general, the millwright*s work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, busses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing, the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.



Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER,

MAINTENANCE

Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency.
In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

21

PIPE FITTE R,

SH EE T-M E TA L WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

MAINTENANCE

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment.
Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER,

MAINTENANCE

Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
$HEET-M E T A L WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

a nd

and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
TOOL A ND DIE MAKER
(Diemaker;

toolmaker;

fixture maker;

gauge maker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker’s work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

GUARD

jig maker;

Mov e me nt

JANITOR,

PORTER,

OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary.
In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.



Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination

22
JANITOR, PORTER,

OR CLEANER - Continued

of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restrooms.
Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.
LABORER,

MATERIAL HANDLING

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers' orders, or other instructions.
May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or .omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment.
Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is r e ­
sponsible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre-




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness ol shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, w are­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers1 houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order.
Driver-salesmen and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows:
(Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity. )
Truckdriver, light (under \ l/z tons)
T ruckdriver, medium {\l/z to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER,

POWER

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
f t U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING O FFICE : 1955 O— 3 4 4 4 4 1

F o r the con v en ien ce of u s e r s of BLS data, co p ie s of bulletins m a y a ls o be p u rch a s e d fr o m the
fo llo w in g s a le s o f f i c e s :

U .S . D ep a rtm en t of L ab or
B urea u of L a b o r Statistics
341 Ninth A venue
New Y o r k 1, N. Y.

U .S . D epartm ent o f L a b or
B ureau of L a b or S tatistics
105 W est A dam s S treet
C h ica g o 3, 111.

U .S . D epartm ent of Labor
Bureau of L a b o r Statistics
630 Sansom e S treet
San F r a n c i s c o 11, C alif.

O ccu p ation al wage surveys a r e being conducted in 17 m a jo r la b or m a rk e ts during late 1964
and e a r ly 1955. Bulletins f o r the follow in g a r e a s a re now a v a ila b le and m a y be p u rch a s e d from the
Superintendent of D ocu m en ts, G ov ern m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington 2 5, D. C. , o r f r o m any of the
r e g io n a l s a le s o f f i c e s listed a bove.




L a b o r M ark et
B u ffa lo, N. Y.
C le v e la n d , Ohio
D a lla s , T ex .
P h ilad e Iphia, P a .
M in n ea p olis -St. Paul,
Minn.
D e n v e r , C o lo .
San F r a n c i s c o Oakland, C alif.
N e w a r k - J e r s ey
C ity, N. J.
M e m p h is , Tenn.
St. L o u is , M o.
Atlanta, G a.

S u rv ey P e r io d

BLS B ulletin
N um ber

P rice

S ep tem b er 1954
O c to b e r 1954
S e p te m b e r 1954
N o v e m b e r 1954

1172-1
1172-2
1172-3
1172-4

25
25
20
25

N o v e m b e r 1954
D e c e m b e r 1954

1172-5
1172-6

20 cents
25 cents

January 1955

1 1 72 -7

20 cents

D e c e m b e r 1954
F e b r u a r y 1955
F e b r u a r y 1955
M a r c h 1955

1 1 72-8
1172-9
1172-10
1172-11

20
20
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102