Congressional Inquiries

Congressional Inquiries are an information gathering process done by committees for reviewing or making legislative policies. This collection houses documents related to finance and banking in the United States including early hearings before the Committees on Finance and Banking and Currency.

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Money Trust Investigation: Investigation of Financial and Monetary Conditions in the United States Under House Resolutions Nos. 429 and 504

Money Trust Investigation: Investigation of Financial and Monetary Conditions in the United States Under House Resolutions Nos. 429 and 504


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Description:
In 1912, a special subcommittee was convened by the Chairman of the House Banking and Currency Committee, Arsene P. Pujo. Its purpose was to investigate the "money trust," a small group of Wall Street bankers that exerted powerful control over the nation's finances. The committee's majority report concluded that a group of financial leaders had abused the public trust to consolidate control over many industries. The Pujo Committee report created a climate of public opinion that lead to the passage of the Federal Reserve Act of 1913 and the Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914.

The hearings were conducted between May 16, 1912 and February 26, 1913. The transcript of the hearings was published in three volumes. It is presented in the original 29 parts with the index, a table of interlocking directorates of 18 financial institutions, and the majority/minority report of the committee.

SUDOC:
Y 4.B 22/1:M 74/2/

OCLC:
5538616

Citation:
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Banking and Currency, ([year]), Money Trust Investigation: Investigation of Financial and Monetary Conditions in the United States Under House Resolutions Nos. 429 and 504, [issue title/date], accessed Apr 24, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=80

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Date: 1912
Authors: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Banking and Currency

Inquiry on Membership in Federal Reserve System: Joint Hearings before the Committees on Banking and Currency, Congress of the United States, Sixty-eighth Congress, Pursuant to Public Act No. 503, an Act to Provide Additional Credit Facilities for the Agricultural and Livestock Industries of the United States; to Amend the Federal Farm Loan Act; to Amend the Federal Reserve Act; and for Other Purposes, Approved March 4, 1923. October 2, 3, 4, 5, 9, 10, 11, and 12, 1923. Part 1.

Inquiry on Membership in Federal Reserve System: Joint Hearings before the Committees on Banking and Currency, Congress of the United States, Sixty-eighth Congress, Pursuant to Public Act No. 503, an Act to Provide Additional Credit Facilities for the Agricultural and Livestock Industries of the United States; to Amend the Federal Farm Loan Act; to Amend the Federal Reserve Act; and for Other Purposes, Approved March 4, 1923. October 2, 3, 4, 5, 9, 10, 11, and 12, 1923. Part 1.


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Description:
Joint hearings before the Committees on Banking and Currency. Congress of the United States. Pursuant to Public Act No. 503
An Act to Provide Additional Credit Facilities for the Agricultural and Livestock Industries of the United States; to amend the Federal Farm Loan Act; to Amend the Federal Reserve Act; and for Other Purposes, Approved March 4, 1923.
No Part 2 was published.

SUDOC:
Y 4.B 22/1:F 31/10/pt.1

OCLC:
6257423

Citation:
United States. Congress. House, ([year]), Inquiry on Membership in Federal Reserve System: Joint Hearings before the Committees on Banking and Currency, Congress of the United States, Sixty-eighth Congress, Pursuant to Public Act No. 503, an Act to Provide Additional Credit Facilities for the Agricultural and Livestock Industries of the United States; to Amend the Federal Farm Loan Act; to Amend the Federal Reserve Act; and for Other Purposes, Approved March 4, 1923. October 2, 3, 4, 5, 9, 10, 11, and 12, 1923. Part 1., [issue title/date], accessed Apr 24, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=746

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Date: 1923
Authors: United States. Congress. House

Sale of Foreign Bonds or Securities in the United States. Hearings before the Committee on Finance, United States Senate, Seventy-second Congress, first session, pursuant to S. Res. 19 a resolution authorizing the Finance committee of the Senate to investigate the sale, flotation, and allocation by banks, banking institutions, corporations, or individuals of foreign bonds or securities in the United States

Sale of Foreign Bonds or Securities in the United States. Hearings before the Committee on Finance, United States Senate, Seventy-second Congress, first session, pursuant to S. Res. 19 a resolution authorizing the Finance committee of the Senate to investigate the sale, flotation, and allocation by banks, banking institutions, corporations, or individuals of foreign bonds or securities in the United States


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Description:
These hearings took place between December 1931 and February 1932, and are also known as the Johnson Committee Hearings. Testimony and data are provided concerning the sale, flotation, and allocation of foreign bonds and securities by banks, banking institutions, corporations, and individuals.

OCLC:
6259545

Citation:
United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Finance, ([year]), Sale of Foreign Bonds or Securities in the United States. Hearings before the Committee on Finance, United States Senate, Seventy-second Congress, first session, pursuant to S. Res. 19 a resolution authorizing the Finance committee of the Senate to investigate the sale, flotation, and allocation by banks, banking institutions, corporations, or individuals of foreign bonds or securities in the United States, [issue title/date], accessed Apr 24, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=398

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Date: 1932
Authors: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Finance

Stock Exchange Practices. Hearings before the Committee on Banking and Currency Pursuant to S.Res. 84 and S.Res. 56 and S.Res. 97.

Stock Exchange Practices. Hearings before the Committee on Banking and Currency Pursuant to S.Res. 84 and S.Res. 56 and S.Res. 97.


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Description:
This series of hearings, also known as the Pecora Commission hearings, was conducted by a subcommittee of the United States Senate Banking and Currency Committee between 1932 and 1934. The hearings investigated stock exchange practices and their effect on American commerce, the national banking system, and the government securities market. They also addressed issues of tax evasion and avoidance. The record of the hearings includes more than 12,000 printed pages with more than 1,000 exhibits received in evidence. Originally authorized by Senate Resolution 84 on March 2, 1932, the scope of the investigation was broadened with by Senate Resolution 56 on April 4, 1933 and Senate Resolution 97 on June 8, 1933. Prior to the appointment of Ferdinand Pecora on January 24, 1933, Claude Branch, William A. Gray and John Marrinan served as legal counsel for the early hearings. The transcripts were published in two series. The initial six parts covered the the work authorized by Resolution 84. The second 20 parts and final report document the expanded scope of the investigation after the passage of Resolutions 56 and 97.

The work of this committee set the stage for the Glass-Steagall legislation, the Securities Act of 1933, and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

Parts 1-6, April 11-May 25, 1933, were digitized by Internet Archive.

SUDOC:
Y4.B22/3:St6/5, Y4.B2/3:ST6/2/

OCLC:
2421213, 1123946, 5620884

Citation:
United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Banking and Currency, ([year]), Stock Exchange Practices. Hearings before the Committee on Banking and Currency Pursuant to S.Res. 84 and S.Res. 56 and S.Res. 97., [issue title/date], accessed Apr 24, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=87

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Date: 1934
Authors: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Banking and Currency

Government Ownership of the Twelve Federal Reserve Banks: Hearings before the Committee on Banking and Currency, House of Representatives, Seventy-fifth Congress, Third Session, on H.R. 7230, a Bill Providing for Government Ownership of the Twelve Federal Reserve Banks and for Other Purposes

Government Ownership of the Twelve Federal Reserve Banks: Hearings before the Committee on Banking and Currency, House of Representatives, Seventy-fifth Congress, Third Session, on H.R. 7230, a Bill Providing for Government Ownership of the Twelve Federal Reserve Banks and for Other Purposes


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Description:
Hearings before the Committee on Banking and Currency. House of Representatives. March 2, 3, 4, 14, 15, 16, 17, 21, 22, 23, 24, 28, 31, April 5, 6, 7, 12, 13, 19, 1938.

SUDOC:
Y 4.B 22/1:F 31/18

OCLC:
6241061

Citation:
United States. Congress. House, ([year]), Government Ownership of the Twelve Federal Reserve Banks: Hearings before the Committee on Banking and Currency, House of Representatives, Seventy-fifth Congress, Third Session, on H.R. 7230, a Bill Providing for Government Ownership of the Twelve Federal Reserve Banks and for Other Purposes, [issue title/date], accessed Apr 24, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=736

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Date: 1938
Authors: United States. Congress. House

Stagflation: Hearings before the Special Study on Economic Change of the Joint Economic Committee, Congress of the United States, Ninety-sixth Congress, First Session, April 30, and May 7 and 9, 1979

Stagflation: Hearings before the Special Study on Economic Change of the Joint Economic Committee, Congress of the United States, Ninety-sixth Congress, First Session, April 30, and May 7 and 9, 1979


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Description:
Hearings before the special study on economic change of the Join Economic Committee. Congress of the United States. Ninety-Sixth Congress. First session. April 30, and May 7 and 9, 1979.

OCLC:
5802532

Citation:
United States. Congress. Joint Committee on the Economic Report, ([year]), Stagflation: Hearings before the Special Study on Economic Change of the Joint Economic Committee, Congress of the United States, Ninety-sixth Congress, First Session, April 30, and May 7 and 9, 1979, [issue title/date], accessed Apr 24, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=794

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Date: 1979
Authors: United States. Congress. Joint Committee on the Economic Report