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U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
JA E J. D
MS
AVIS, Secretary

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
E E E T STEW
TH LB R
ART, Com issioner
m
BULLETIN OF THE UNITED STATES >
BU R E A U OF LABOR STATISTIC S \

• • • •

VT^
p|U .

OQJ

WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR SERIES

WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR
IN THE SLAUGHTERING AND
MEAT-PACKING INDUSTRY, 1921




FE RU RY, 1 2
B A
92

W A SH IN G T O N
GO VE R N M EN T P R IN T IN G OFFIC E

1922




BULLETIN OF THE

U. S. BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
NO. 294.

WASHINGTON.

DECEMBER, 1921

WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN THE SLAUGHTERING
AND MEAT-PACKING INDUSTRY IN 1921.
In 1917 the Bureau of Labor Statistics made a study of wages and
hours of labor in the slaughtering and meat-packing industry, the
results of which were published in Bulletin 252. That report covered
83 establishments and 86,215 employees. The data were for varying
dates in the first half of 1917 and thus represent the period at the
entrance of the United States into the World War.
The present study was made in April, 1921, and was limited to 34
representative establishments, all of which were included in the
1917 report. The 1921 data covers 32,217 employees. The data used
in the compilation of both reports were obtained from the pay rolls
of the establishments and through inquiries made by agents of the
bureau who visited the establishments.
Numerous changes took place in wages and hours between the
dates of the two investigations, and for the purpose of comparison
the 1917 figures are here reproduced in part. The reproduced data
covered are for 66 of the 83 establishments in 1917. The 1917 data
excluded are for all nonproductive or miscellaneous employees except
laborers, repairers, and repairers’ helpers, for 2 plants in Colorado,
for 8 on the Pacific coast (2 of which were not included in the totals
in the 1917 report), and for 7 others that were not included in the
totals in the 1917 report. Thus only properly comparable data are
brought together in this report. No data are here presented for any
establishments in Colorado or in States on the Pacific coast.
This report shows the peak in the wage rate reached in 1920 and
the rate following such reductions as occurred in the winter of 1920
or spring of 1921. In two of the 34 establishments no reduction had
been made up to May 1. In addition to obtaining € statement of wage
t
rates and regular working hours, the actual time worked and earn­
ings of individual employees were taken from a pay roll in April,
1921, and averages based on such actual hours and earnings are here
given. The sample pay rolls taken covered one week in 33 estab­
lishments and two weeks in one establishment.
The slaughtering and meat-packing industry is the largest engaged
in the production of food products, and is also one of the largest and
most important industries in the United States. It has become an
actual necessity, not only to the people in the large cities and indus­
trial centers, but also to those in small cities and villages. To a very
'reat extent the people of the whole country are dependent upon the
arge meat-packing establishments for cattle, hog, sheep, and calf
products.
The figures in Table 1 are compiled from the United States Census
reports. They show the importance of the industry and its growth
during the 20-year period ending with 1919:

f




T able 1 .—ESTABLISHMENTS, CAPITAL, COST OF MATERIALS, VALUE OF PRODUCTS, EMPLOYEES, EARNINGS, AND NUMBER, COST, AND DRESSED
W E IG H T OF ANIMALS SLAUGHTERED, B Y YEA R S, 1899, 1904, 1909, 1914, AND 1919.

Aver­
age
yearly
earn­
ings
of
wage
earn­
ers.

3,223
4,066
4,410
3,786
5,119

30,595,522 $278
30,977,639
330
33,870,616
483
34,441,913
597
44,520,726 1,757

Pounds,
dressed Number
weight slaugh­
(in mil­ tered.
lions).

Cost
on Pounds,
hoof dressed
weight
(iM
mil­ (in mil­
lions). lions).

5,203
5,049
5,202
5,476
7,359

9,110,172
10,875,339
12,288,725
15,951,860
13,521,215

$37
44
60
85
147

389
465
497
630
501

883,857
1,568,130
2,504,728
2,019,004
4,395,675

$7
13
25
28
96

79
161
262
206
457

BUREAU

8,894 5,525,824 $247
9,741 7,147,835
289
392
10,371 8,114,860
490
10,098 7,149,042
13,436 10,818,511 1,056

Cost
Cost Pounds,
Pounds,
on
on
dressed Number hoof dressed Number hoof
slaugh­
slaugh­
weight
weight
(in (in mil­
(in
(in mil­
tered.
tered.
mil­
mil­
lions).
lions). lions).
lions).

Calves.

THE

$33 $488.29
40 543.97
50 573.99
62 628.70
208 1,368.71

Sheep and lambs, and
goats and kids.

Hogs.

O
F

882 $189 $682 $784
1899...
68,386
(0
914 87,077 74,134
1904...
806
929
238
1909... 1,221
378 1,191 1,356 105,971 87,813
1914... 1,279
534 1,442 1,652 121,729 98,832
1919... 1,304 1,176 3,775 4,246 187,430 152,016

Pounds,
Cattle.
dressed
weight,
of cattle,
hogs,
sheep
and
Cost
lambs, Number
on
calves,
hoof
slaugh­
and
(in
tered.
goats
mil­
and kids
lions).
(in mil­
lions).

B U L L E T IN

Cost
of
mate­ Value
Am't
rials,
of all Aver­ Aver­ paid
Num­
Capi­ prin­ prod­
to
age
ber of
age
wage
Year. estab­ tal (in ci­
ucts number number earn­
mil­ pally (in of em­
lish­
of wage
lions). live mil­
ployees. earners. ers (in
in g .
stock
mil­
lions).
(inlions)*.
millions).
1
1
1
i

rf*.

Per cent of increase, 1914 over 1899,1919 over 1914, aud 1919 over 1899 (based on above data).
O
F

Per cent of increase1914
over
1899.




1919
over
1899.

45
88
29

2
120
162
157
54
54
235
118

48
522
454
442
0)
122
530
180

14
29

33
51

51
96

45
183
111
111

1 Not reported.

Item.

Cost of cattle on hoof....................................................................
Pounds, dressed cattle.................................................................
Number of hogs slaughtered........................................................
Cost of hogs on hoof......................................................................
Pounds, dressed hogs....................................................................
Number of sheep and lambs, and goats and kids slaughtered
Cost of sheep and lambs, and goats and kids...........................
Pounds, dressed sheep and lambs, and goats and kids.........
Number of calves slaughtered....................................................
Cost of calves on hoof...................................................................
Pounds, dressed calves................................................................
2 Decrease.

1914
over
1899.

17
13
115
5
75
130
62
128
300
161

1919
over
1914.
116
35
29
194
34
215
72

22
0
118
243

12
2

1919
over

328
59
46
532
41
48
306
29
397
1,271
478

S T A T IS T IC S .

Number of establishments...............................................................
Capital..................................................................................................
Cost of materials, principally live stock.........................................
Value of all products, including value added by manufacture..
Average number of employees.........................................................
Average number of wage earners....................................................
Amount paid to wage earners.........................................................
Average yearly earnings of wage earners.......................................
Pounds, dressed weight, cattle, hogs, sheep and lambs, goats
and kids, and calves.......................................................................
Number of cattle slaughtered...........................................................

1919
over
1914.

LABOR

Item.

Per cent of increase-

SLAUGHTERING AND M EAT-PACKING INDUSTRY.

5

In the year 1917 the employees in the 34 establishments embraced
in this investigation constituted approximately 70 per cent of all
employees in the 83 establishments covered in Bulletin 252. The 83
establishments, according to figures of the Bureau of Animal Indus­
try, United States Department of Agriculture, slaughtered approxi­
mately 50 per cent of all cattle, hogs, sheep, and calves that
were slaughtered in the United States, while the 34 establishments
slaughtered about 35 per cent of all animals. As many animals
are slaughtered in rural districts, towns, and villages by butchers
who have no employees, it is safe to assume that these 34 establish­
ments represent more than 35 per cent of the wage earners in the
industry.
The establishments covered in this report represent every large
and important meat packing center in the United States. Data
were obtained from representative establishments of Armour & Co.,
Cudahy Packing Co., Morris & Co., Swift ,& Co., Wilson & Co., and
10 other companies. The bureau here expresses its appreciation of
the cooperation and courtesy extended by all of these companies.
In most of the tables of this report segregation of information is
made by district. For the 1921 figures the districts are as follows:
District 1.—Chicago.
District 2.—Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and
St. Joseph.
District 3.—St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa.
District 4.—Oklahoma City and Fort Worth.
District 5.— Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis.
District 6.—Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.
The above classifications applied in 1917 but included some other
localities.
Inspection of animals, carcasses, meats, etc., is made by employees
of the Bureau of Animal Industry of the Department of Agriculture
in all establishments for which data are shown in this report. This
inspection is made to protect the public from diseased, unclean, or
unwholesome meat and meat food products. A full description of
such inspection appears in Bulletin 252 (page 64).
The work in this industry begins with live cattle, hogs, sheep, and
lambs, calves, and goats and kids, and ends only when every process
necessary to convert the animals into the various meat products
and by-products has been completed. The work varies so that
it is necessary that hours, wages, and earnings be shown separately
for occupations in the following 13 departments: Cattle-killing, hogkilling, sheep and calf killing, offal (other than hides and casings),
hide, casing, cutting or fresh-beef, cutting or fresh-pork, lard and
oleo oil, sausage, cured-meat, canning, and maintenance and repair.
The above departments, except maintenance and repair, and the
occupations therein are described and defined in Bulletin 252 (pages
1075 to 1114). Employees in the maintenance and repair department
are, as a rule, skilled, such as blacksmiths, boiler makers, carpenters,
coopers, machinists, pipe fitters, etc., and are necessary to the repair
and upkeep of the buildings and equipment of the establishments.
In Bulletin 252 they are shown under “ Nonproductive or miscella­
neous employees” as laborers, repairers, and repairers7 helpers.
Employees in the box factories, the brush, cooper, tin, and other
shops in which the production is entirely new, ana not repair, work,




6

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

and employees in butterine, mineemeat, produce, extract, soap, curled
hair, wool, or bone departments are not included in the data shown
in this report.
The following table shows the number of males and females in each
department in 1917 and 1921 in the establishments for which wage
data are given in this report. It should be observed that the table
includes 66 establishments in 1917 and 34 in 1921.
T ab le 2 _ NUM BER
_

OF

M ALES A N D FEM A L E S, B Y D E P A R T M E N T , 1917 AN D 1921.

Number of employees i n Department.

1917 (66 establishments).
Males.

Cattle-killing.....................................................
Hog-killing........................................................
Sheep and ealf kilting.....................................
Offal (other than hides and casings).........
Hide....................................................................
Casing.................................................................
Cutting or fresh-beef......................................
Cutting or fresh-pork.....................................
Lard and oleo oil..............................................
Sausage..............................................................
Cured-meat.......................................................
Canning..............................................................
Maintenance and repair .
...........

3,292
4,098
1,063
3,637
1,218
3,081
6,294
4,461
1,727
2,771
6,941
3,130
11,387

Total........................................................

53,100

Females.
16
24
6
310
352
49
1,066
90
1,777
286
2,536
6,512

Total.

1921 (34 establishments).
Males.

3,308
4,122
1,069
3,947
1,218
3,433
6,343
5,527
1,817
4,548
7,227
5,666
11,387

2,077
1,756
954
2,034
814
1,792
2,955
2,810
1,561
1,839
4,516
406
5,455

59,612

28,969

Females.
21
23
5
241
349
10
655
107
1,053
218
566
3,248

Total.
2,098
1,779
959
2,275
814
2,141
2,965
3,465
1,668
2,892
4,734
972
5,455
32,217

Table 2 shows that females are employed in all except the hide and
maintenance and repair departments. Females now do a variety of
work that was formerly done by males. One woman is shown in the
cured-meat department table as a “ trucker. ” Truckers in this de­
partment load and unload hand trucks with meat or salt and shove
the trucks into and about the department. The work of truckers is
heavy and requires strength and endurance. A full description of the
work of females in the industry appears in Bulletin 252 (page 63),
In 1917, establishments were operated with full forces of employees,
while in 1921, owing to the general depression of industrial conditions,
they were operated with much smaller than the regular or normal
forces of employees. Unemployment in 1921 affected employees in
the canning department more than in any other, because of lack of
orders for canned meats.
Table 3 shows for 1917 for each department the number of estab­
lishments and employees, average rate of wages and earnings per
hour, and average hours actually worked and earnings actually
received in one week; also for 1921 the number of establishments and
employees, average rate of wages per hour before and after the
reduction, average earnings per hour after the reduction, average
number of days on which employees worked in one week, average
basic or regular hours of operation per week, average hours actually
worked ana earnings actually received in one week, and average full­
time earnings per week before and after the reduction of wages,
based on average rate of wages per hour and average basic or regular
hours of operation per week, Details for all occupations in each de­
partment shown in this table are presented in Table 9 (pages 33 to 93),




SLAUGHiTmroro

Mm> MEAT-PACKXN'G mDHTSTRT.

T

Average rate of wages per hour.—This was computed by dividing
the sum of the rates of wages _per hour of ail employees in the occu­
pation by the number of employees. Rates o f wages per hour for
pieceworkers were computed: for each employee by dividing the
earnings at the occupation by the hours actually worked at the occu­
pation. Rates of wages per hour for employees who were paid
weekly, rates were computed for each- employee by dividing the
weekly rate by the basic or regular hours per week.
Average earnings per hour.—These were computed by dividing the
sum of file earnings of all employees in the occupation by the total of
the hours actually worked during one week. The earnings in­
cluded pay for overtime and for work: other than at the occupation,
and the hours included overtime and time worked, other than: at the
regular occupation.
Average1earnings per hour for an occupation may be more or less
than the average rate of wages per hour. This is due to the fact,
that—
(a) Some employees in the occupation worked overtime, for which
they were paid one and one-half times the base or regular rate.
(b) Some employees in the occupation worked less than the 1 guar­
1
anteed hours o f pay” per week, but were paid the guaranty.
(c) Some employees in the occupation worked part of their time at
another occupation, the rate of pay for that work being more or less
than the rate of pay per hour for work at their regular occupation.
(d) Some employees are paid weekly rates, being paid their full
weekly rates even though they work more or less hours than basic or
regular hours per week.
(e) Some employees, in addition to their own work, did the
work of some absent employees, and were paid for their regular
work and, in addition, for the work of the absent employees, the
pay of the absent employees being divided equally among the employ­
ees who did the work.
Average hours actually worked in one week.—These were computed by
dividing the sum of the hours of all employees in the occupation,
including overtime and work other than at the occupation, by the
number of employees. The one establishment paying every two
weeks is omitted from this average to avoid depressing the average
by the inclusion of the greater turnover and absenteeism of a twoweek period.
Average earnings received in one week.—These were computed by
dividing the sum of the earnings of all employees in the occupation
in establishments in which employees are paid weekly, including pay
for overtime and for work other than at the occupation, by the num­
ber of employees.
Average rate^of wages before and after reduction.—This was com­
puted as explained above under “ Average rate of wages per hour.”
The average after reduction is approximately 8 cents less than the
average before the reduction, due to 27 of the 34 establishments
reducing the hourly rates 8 cents. Table 4 shows that approximately
85 per cent of all employees in the industry are paid hourly rates,
10 per cent piece rates, and 5 per cent weekly rates. Piece rates
were reduced 12 J per cent by the 27 establishments. There was no
reduction in the weekly rates of employees in the 27 establishments.




8

BULLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Average number of days on which employees worJced in one weeTc.—
This was computed by dividing the sum of the days of all employ­
ees in the occupation by the number of employees. “ Days ” as shown
here means the number of calendar days on which an employee
worked during one week. An employee is counted as having worked
a day if he reported for duty and worked any part of the basic or
regular hours of the day. The plant with the two-week pay roll is
omitted for the reason above stated.
Average basic or regular hours of operation per week.—These were
computed by dividing the sum of the basic oil regular hours per
week of all employees in the occupation by the number of employees
in the occupation. For definition of “ basic or regular hours” see
explanation of Table 4 (page 15).

Average full-tim e earnings per weeTc before and after reduction of
wages.—These were computed by multiplying the average rate of
wages per hour by the average basic or regular hours of operation
per week.




T a b le

3 .- H 0 U R S , W AGES, AND EARNINGS

OF EMPLOYEES IN THE

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT-PACKING IN D U STR Y
DEPARTMENT, S E X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921.

IN THE

UNITED STATES,

BY

[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, Bast St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Department, sex, and district.

Num­ Num­
ber
ber
of
of
estab­ em­
lish­ ploy­
ments. ees.

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
hour.

Average rate Aver­
Aver­ Aver­
Aver­ Aver­ Aver­ Aver­
of wages per
Num­ Num­
Aver­
age
age
age
age
age
age
age
hour.
earn­ number basic hours
earn­
earn­
ber
hours
ber
age
earn­ actually ings
of
of
ings per of days or reg­ actually ings
ular work­ receiv­
hour
work­ receiv­ estab­ em­
work­
ings
ed in
lish­ ploy­ Before After
after
ed in
per
ed in hours ed in
ed in
one
per
one
reduc­ reduc­ reduc­
one
one ments. ees.
hour.
one
week. week.
tion.
week. week. week. week.
tion.
tion.

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion.
tion.

802
1,156
227
562
331
214

$0.302
.319
.339
.295
.294
.372

$0.301
.318
.347
.299
.303
.469

52.9
50.6
47.4
51.6
48.6
38.5

$15.93
16.10
16.46
15.40
14. 71
18.06

6
10
4
4
4
2

582
838
143
173
175
166

$0,626
.614
.656
.601
.550
.714

$0.546
.534
.575
.522
.486
.714

$0.557
.541
.605
.555
.490
.893

5.3
5.6
5.3
5.3
5.5
4.4

47.9
47.3
48.0
48.0
49.9
48.0

40.6
41.5
41.1
42.1
42.5
33.6

$22.63
22.46
24.88
23.36
20.84
30.02

$29.99
29.04
31.49
28.85
26.51
34.27

$26.15
25.26
27.60
25.06
24.25
34.27

Tctal...................................................

54

3,292

.313

.318

50.1

15.95

30

2,077

.622

.550

.570

5.4

47.9

40.7

23.19

29.67

26.35

Cattle-killing—Females:
District No. 1........................................
2......................................
4........................................
5.......................................

2
1

11
5

.149
.175

.149
.175

55.8
41.4

8.30
7.24

1
1
1
2

4
8
2
7

.420
.448
. 455
.321

.340
.368
.375
.299

.340
.382
.380
.294

5.0
5.4
5.5
5.6

48.0
48.0
48.0
53.6

40.0
40.8
36.5
46.0

13.60
15.58
13.89
13.52

20.16
21.50
21.84
16.50

16.32
17.66
18.00
16.03

3

16

.157

.155

51.3

7.97

5

21

.401

.340

.342

5.4

49.9

41.9

14.35

19.69

16.97

8
17
10
5
13
4

926
1,254
657
270
779
212

.269
.280
.289
.261
.283
.288

.268
.282
.295
.260
.286
.290

52.0
46.5
51.1
41.4
49.3
55.3

13.95
13,08
15.07
10. 77
14.10
16.02

6
10
3
4
4
2

412
546
289
131
287
91

.597
.573
.579
.575
.495
.484

.517
.494
.499
.495
.443
.515

.536
.503
.524
.523
.449
.516

5.6
5.7
5.3
5.4
5.6
5.6

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
51.1
53.0

46.8
41.7
41.8
40.2
43.8
52.5

25.11
20.99
21.92
21.04
19.65
27.12

28.66
27.50
27.79
27.60
24.45
30.95

24.82
23.71
23.95
23.76
22.64
27. 30

Total...................................................

57

4,098

.279

.281

49.1

13.79

29

1,756

.568

.493

.507

5.6

48.8

43.8

22.23

27.55

24.06




INDUSTRY,

Total...................................................
Hog-killing-Males:
District No. 1.......................................
2........................................
3........................................
4.......................................
5.......................................
6.......................................

MEAT-PACKING

7
15
9
5
13
5

AD
N

Cattle-killing—Males:
District No. 1......................................
2......................................
3......................................
4......................................
5......................................
6......................................

SLAUGHTERING

1921

1917

T able

3 .-H 0 U R S , WAGES, AND EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES IN THE SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT-PACKING IN D U STR Y IN THE UNITED STATES, B Y
DEPARTMENT, SEX, AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921—Continued.

£
O

[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New Yorfc, and Philadelphia.]

department, sex, and district.

Average rate
Aver­
Aver­ Aver-,
Aver­ Aver? Aver­ Aver­
of wages per
age
Aver­
age
age
age
age
age
Num­ Num­
hour.
basic hours
earn­
ber
ber
earn­
earn­ number J*8?
hours
age
of
ings per Qf days pr reg­ actually ings
of
earn­ actually ings
ular work­ receiv­
work­ receiv­ estab­ em­
ings
hour
work­
lish­ ploy­ Before After
after
ed in
ed in
ed in hours ed in
ed in
per
per
one
hour.
one
reduc­ reduc­ reduc­
one
one ments - ees.
one
tion.
tion.
week.
tion.
week. week. week. weefc.
week.

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion.
tion.

2 ...............................................
3...............................................
4...............................................

3

24

$0,150

S0.15Q

39.0

$5.83

2
4
1
1

4
11
5
3

$0.440
.440
.384
.348

$0.360
.360
.304
.268

$0,365
.368
0)
.238

6.0
5.9
0)
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0

48.9
44.6
C
1)
44.5

$17.82
16.42
0)
11.93

$21.12
21.12
18.43
16.70

$17.28
17.28
14.59
12.86

24

.150

. 150

39.0

5.83

8

23

.416

.336

.351

5.9

48.0

45.5

15.98

19.97

16.13

5
14
12

356
506
201

.29Q
.308
.345

.291
.321
.349

52.6
46.0
40.4

15.30
14.74
14.12

4
10
7

403
386
165

.571
.592
.905

.492
.513
.869

.511
.521
.920

5.4
5.8
5.5

48. Q
47.7
50.5

39.6
41.8
41.1

20.22
21.76
37.77

27.41
28.24
45.52

23.62
24.47
43.88

Total...................................................

31

1,063

.309

.314

47.1

14-81

21

954

.637

.566

.585

5.6

48.3

4Q.7

23.85

30. 77

27.34

Sheep and calf killing—Females:
District 1.................
.. . .
2 .............................................
Districts 3 to 6......................................

2

5

.448

.368

.377

6.0

15.15

21.50

17.66

4
2

.150
.175

.150
.174

'54.3
23.8

8.16
4.15

48.0

40.2

1
1
2

6

.158

.155

44.1

6.82

2

5

.448

.368

.377

6.0

48.0

40.2

15.15

21.50

17.66

8
17
U
5
1?
8
62

999
1,191
460
366
397
224

.263
.287
•m
.261
. 2(39
;270

55.5
51.4
52. Q :
52.5
50.
50.1

14.44
14.46
14.22
13.55
13.74
14.74

5.6
5:8
5.4
5.6
5.5
4.9
5.6

48.0
47.3
48.0
48.0
50.4
48.4
48.0

21.90
21.07
21.03
20.67
18.65
26.72

27.26
26.82
27.2G
27.17
23.72
27.15

14.27

.501
.491
.497
.488
.m
.638
.499

43.7
42.9
42.3
414
42.4
41.9

52.5

.568
.567
.568
.566
.490
.561
.560

.487
.485
.487
.487
.436
.538

-274

6
10
4
4
4
5
33

628
710
202
160
198
136

3,637 1

.260
.282
.m
.258
.271
.?04
.272

43.0

21.44

26.77

23.38
22.94
23.38
23.38
21.97
26.04
23.28

Total......................

.............

Offal (other than hides and casings)—
Males:
District 1.................
2 ..................
. . ..
3
4
. . .
5
.......
6
Total...................................................




2,034

.485

STATISTICS*

3

O LABOR
E

Total..................................................
Sheep and calf killing—Males:
District 1......... ; ..................................
2.............................................
Districts 3 to 6......................................

BUREAU

#ogjki}li$g—Females:

TH
E

Num­ Num­ Aver­
ber
ber
age
r^te of
O
f
Qf
wages
estabr em­
per
lish- ploy­
hour.
ments. ees.

BULLETIN: O
F

1921

1917

Offal (other than hides and casings)—
Females:
District 1...............................................
2...............................................
3
4
5
6
...............

2
9
2
3
1

59
129
34
44
44

.184
.179
.167
.171
.164

.189
.170
.183
.173
.165

40.8
46.3
43.4
44.6
50.4

7.72
7.89
7.94
7.71
8.29

4
8
2
3
4
1

39
128
2
18
52
2

.440
i 475
.463
.445
*329
.390

.361
.394
.383
.366
.295
.310

.370
.395
.383
.367
.296
.310

5.4
5.7
6.0
5.1
5.3
6.0

48.0
47.7
48.0
48.0
48.4
48.0

42.2
41.5
47.3
35.8
39.9
48.0

15.59
16.41
18.11
13.13
11.80
14.88

21.12
22.66
22.22
21.36
15.36
18.72

17.33
18.79
18.38
17.57
14.28
14.88

17

330

.175

.174

45.2

7.89

22

241

.435

.365

.367

5.5

47.9

41.0

15.04

20.71

17.48

9
17
6
6
12
5

338
522
63
140
77
78

.238
.249
.277
.235
.264
.239

.240
.252
.280
.238
.277
.290

52.1
46.6
52.6
51.6
45.9
45.7

12.52
11.73
14.73
12.26
12. 70
13. 27

6
10
4
4
4
2

226
324
51
80
59
74

.540
.544
.586
.520
.470
.513

.461
.464
.503
.441
.425
.513

.465
.466
.484
.447
.427
.563

5,7
5.4
5.2
4.8
5.5
5.1

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
50.0
48.0

44.7
42.0
42.0
35.2
44.0
39.4

20.76
19.58
20.34
15.73
18,80
22.15

25.92
26.11
28.13
24.96
22.42
24.62

22,13
22.27
24.14
21.17
21.25
24.62

1,218

.246

.252

48.9

12.33

30

814

.535

.465

.470

5.4

48.1

42.0

19.75

25.68

22.37

8
17
10
6
12
9

890
1,085
322
312
275
197

.269
.290
.285
.270
.282
.248

.268
.288
.286
.273
.283
.281

57.6
52.6
51.5
53.8
52.6
48.7

15.47
15.13
14. 74
14.69
14.90
13.68

6
10
4
4
4
4

585
606
164
146
179
112

.578
.581
.585
.569
.505
.595

.497
.499
.505
.488
.459
.584

.506
.506
.510
. 511
.464
.657

5.6
5.8
5.7
5.4
5.5
4.8

47.8
47.7
48.0
*18.0
53.1
49.1

43.5
43,5
43.8
41.7
42.8
41.5

22.02
22.03
22.33
21.29
19.86
27.25

27.63
27.71
28.08
27.31
26.01
29.21

23- 7^
n A
24. W
23.42
2 %37
4
28.67

62

3,081

.278

.279

53.8

15.03

32

1,792

.573

.499

. 512

5.3

48.4

43.2

22.10

27.68 ! 24.15

3
13
1
3
2

170
130
1
36
15

.157
.185
.180
.205
.154

.157
.184
.180
.203
.154

51.9
47.9
35.0
46.0
52.5

8.18
8.80
6.30
9.32
8.08

4
8
2
3
3

171
127
12
10
29

.434
.481
.390
.472
.322

.354
.400
.310
.393
.299

.357
.398
.329
.429
.298

5.7
5.7
5.3
4,5
5.6

48.0
47.9
48.0
48.0
50.5

41.8
41.9
39.7
32.6
41.2

14.90
16.69
13.08
13,96
12.28

20.83
28.04
18.72
22.66
15.04

16.99
19.16
14.88
18.86
15.10

Total........................... ......................

22

352

.172

.171

49.8

8.51

20

349

.441

.366

.369

5.7

48.2

41.5

15.28

21.08

17.64

Cutting or fresh-beef— Males:
District 1...............................................
2 ...............................................
Districts 3 to 6 .....................................

8
15
30

2,931
1,846
1,517

.273
.265
.272

.265
.263
.271

58.8
52.6
54.3

15.60
13. 86
14. 71

7
10
14

1,468
761
726

.558
.555
.552

.479
.477
.496

.483
.486
.520

5.7
5.7
5.8

47.8
48.0
49.0

44.6
43.3
45.5

21.56
21.08
23. 66

26.67
26.64
27. 05

22.90
22.90
24.50

Total..................................................

53

6,294

.271

.266

55.9

14.87

31

2,955

. 556

.483

.492

5.7

48.2

44.5

21.90

26.80

23.28

* Not computed because employees in this establishment are paid biweekly.




INDUSTRY.

T o ta l...............................................
Casing^Females:
District 1...............................................
2 ...............................................
3...............................................
4...............................................
5
6

MEAT-PACKING

55

AD
N

Total..................................................
Casing—Males:
District 1...............................................
2...............................................
3...............................................
4...............................................
5...............................................
6...............................................

SLAUGHTERING

Total..................................................
Hide—Males:
District 1...... .........................................
2...............................................
3...............................................
4...............................................
5...............................................
6...............................................

T able 3 .—HOURS, W AGES, AND EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES IN THE SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT-PACKING INDUSTRY IN THE UNITED STATES, B Y
DEPARTMENT, SEX, AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921-Continued.

M
fcO

[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Department, sex, and district.

$0,158
.175

Total..................................................

4

49

.162

.160

Cutting or fresh-pork—Males:
District 1..............................................
2...............................................
3...............................................
4...............................................
5...............................................
6...............................................

7
19
10
7
13
5

1,190
1,262
481
213
796
519

,267
.279
.282
.267
.259
.273

52.9
36.6

$08.29
6.40

2

10

$0.364

$0.308

$0,286

6.0

51.0

54.0

$15.44

$18.56

$15.71

48.9

7.82

2

10

.364

.308

.286

6.0

51.0

54.0

15.44

18.56

15.71

.267
.276
.286
.254
.260
.273

53.4
49.3
52.1
43.3
53.1
54.5

14.26
13.62
14.92
10.99
13.80
14.89

6
10
4
4
4
3

697
782
475
105
467
284

.635
.591
.592
.687
.511
.564

.550
.510
.511
.594
.458
.492

.556
.512
.521
.606
.459
.496

5.7
5.7
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.9

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
52.3
49.9

44.1
41.8
43.3
38.7
46.4
49.8

24.49
21.41
22.51
23.47
21.32
24.66

30.48
28.37 28.42
32.98
26.16
28.14

26.4tL
24.41
24.58
28.51
23.95
24.55

$0.157
.175

61

4,461

.271

.271

51.7

13.98

31

2,810

.590

.513

.516

5.6

48.9

44.1

22.76

28.73

25.09

4
19
7
4
3
1

209
557
116
50
120
14

.234
.224
.198
.191
.188
.208

.234
.223
.197
.179
.189
.208

47.3
41.3
37.1
35.3
37.5
42.6

11.07.
9.23
7.32
6.30
7.10
8.86

4
9
3
3
3
1

182
230
71
16
117
39

.513
.494
.455
.642
.304
.392

.440
.430
.393
.558
.293
.353

.443
.436
.411
.573
.293
.357

5.8
5.7
5.2
4.3
5.6
5.8

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
49.8
54.0

42.6
40.1
38.8
29.3
43.9
46.4

18.89
17.49
15.96
16. 76
12.87
16. 58

24.62
23.71
21.84
30. 82
15.14
21.17

21.12
20.64
18.86
26.78
14.59
19.06

Total..................................................

38

1,066

.217

^218

41.3

9.00

23

655

.459

.402

.406

5.6

48.7

41.5

16.83

22.35

19.58

Lard and oleo oil—-Males:
District 1...............................................
2..............................................
3..............................................

6
10
11

567
499
124

.228
.252
.256

.230
.253
.260

56.4
56.9
54.3

12.98
14.39
14.14

6
10
4

562
463
71

.536
.540
.537

.465
.461
.461

.467
.464
.492

5.7
5.7
5.8

48.0
48.2
48.0

45.0
46.0
45.5

21.01
21.35
22.35

25.73
26.03
25.78

22.32
22.22
22.13




STATISTICS,

Total..................................................
Cutting or fresh-pork—Females:
District 1...............................................
2...............................................
3...............................................
4..............................................
5..............................................
6..............................................

LABOR

37
12

O
F

3
1

Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion.
tion.

BUREAU

Cutting or fresh-beef—Females:
District 2.............................................
Districts 3 to 6......................................

Average full
time earnings
per week.

TH
E

Average rate
Aver­ Aver­ Aver­ Aver­
Aver­ Aver­
Aver­
of wages per
age
Num­ Num­
age
age
Aver­
age
age
age
age
hour.
earn­
hours earn­
ber
ber
earn­ number basic hours
age
of
ings per of days orreg- actually ings
of
earn­ actually ings
work­ receiv­
work­ ular
hour
work­ receiv­ estab­ em­
ings
after
ed in hours ed in
ed in
lish­ ploy­ Before After
per
ed in
ed in
one
one
per
one
reduc­ reduc­ reduc­
one
one ments. ees.
hour.
week. week. week. week.
tion.
tion.
tion.
week. week.

O
F

Num­ Num­ Aver­
ber
ber
age
of
of
rate of
estab­ em­
wages
lish­ ploy­
per
hour.
ments. ees.

BULLETIN

1921

1917

196
195
146

Total...................................................
Lard and oleo oil—Females:
District 1...............................................
2...............................................
3...............................................
4...............................................
5...............................................
6...............................................

61

1,727

.243

3
5
4
4
3

38
17
10
12
13

.150
.167
.163
.164
.178

19
Total...................................................
90
.161
.160
-------- —
------------ — —
Sausage—Males:
7 1,147
District 1...............................................
.237
.237
2...............................................
16
.257
.257
542
3...............................................
10
247
.252
.262
4...............................................
189
6
.249
.252
5...............................................
13
.279
387
.282
6...............................................
259
6
.261
.262

50.9
53.8
55.1

11.77
14.09
14. 61

4
4
5

178
125
162

.246

55.4

13.60

33

1,561

.150
.164
.163
.166
.178

54.0
52.6
41.3
41.6
53.6

8.10
8.62
6.73
6.89
9.55

3
4
3
4
3
1

50.6

8.09

18

.231
.262
.265

41 ^
9
7
18
29
3

.521
.478
.534

.445
.421
.501

.445
.425
.514

.530

.462

.421
.411
.386
.392
.309
.385

.341
.331
.306
.312
.269
.305

107
.381
.312
-------- ------------ -----------—

5.8
5.8
5.8

48.0
52.2
48.7

.466

5.7

48.5

46.3

.343
.330
.306
.314
.271
.305

5.8
5.6
5.9
5.8
5.3
5.7

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
51.1
48.0

43.5
42.8
45.6
45.6
42.1
45.3

.314

5.7
1

45.3
50.0
50.3

20.17
21.27
25.85

25.01
24.62
26.01

21.36
21.98
24.40

21.58

25.65

22.41

14.91
14.10
13.97
14.31
11.42
13.83

20.21
19.73
18.53
18.82
15.79
18.48

16.37
15.89
14.69
14.98
13.75
14.64

43.6
13.70
18.59
15.23
48.8
===== = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 3 =

57.8
55.5
55.6
53.6
50.6
55.2

13.69
14.22
14.56
13.35
14.23
14.45

6
10
4
4
4
4

814
426
170
108
364
157

.550
.556
.558
.558
.488
.571

.471
.478
.477
.478
.435
.508

.473
.483
.492
.474
.441
.519

5.8
5.7
5.5
5.8
5.8
5.9

47.9
48.0
48.0
48.0
51.8
49.2

45.2
45.9
45.2
45.6
48.8
50.5

21.40
22.19
22. 25
21.61
21.50
26.22

26.35
26.69
26.78
26.78
24.79
28.09

22.56
22.94
22.90
22.94
22.53
24.99

2,771

.252

.252

55.6

14.00

32

1,839

.549

.474

.478

5.8

48.4

46.2

22.09

26.52

22.94

5
16
10
6
7
4

758
544
212
151
68
44

.166
.182
.170
.181
.164
.155

.167
.180
.169
.178
.167
.156

51.1
47.7
50.1
39.4
45.6
47.1

8.49
8.61
8.45
7.00
7.63
7.35

5
9
4
4
4
4

443
251
108
71
117
63

.451
.443
.435
.445
.335
.391

.378
.369
.357
.368
.303
.326

.377
.369
.371
.367
.306
.327

5.8
5.7
5.5
5.4
5.8
5.8

47.9
48.0
48.0
48.0
53.0
50.7

43.8
43.0
45.5
42.1
43.6
45.3

16.53
15.86
16.90
15.45
13.35
14.81

21.60
21.26
20.88
21.36
17.29
19.82

18.11
17.71
17.14
17.66
16.06
16.53

.172

.171

48.7

8.33

30

1,053

.431

.361

.363

5.7

48.7

43.7

15.86

20.90

17.58

.240
.258
10
.267
.227
.264
.273

.242
.257
.270
.231
.259
.275

57.6
55.1
54.2
51.8
54.7
55.3

13.96
14.14 1
14.61
11.97
14.16
15.19

7
10
4
4
4
5

1,558
1,297
655
295
491
220

.547
.551
.541
.523
.483
.569

.468
.471
.461
.445
.419
.502

.472
.471
.483
.445
.422
.502

5.7
5.7
5.6
5.7
5.7
5.9

48.0
47.7
48.1
48.1
51.9
49.8

45.5
45.2
44.8
44.0
46.5
50.8

21.48
21.32
21.60
19.56
19.65
25.49

26.26
26.28
26.02
25.16
24.92
28.34

22.46
22.47
22.17
21.40
21.75
25.00

48 1,777
Total...................................................
Cured-meat—Males:
9 2,295
District 1..............................................
2...............................................
17 2,346
3...............................................
817
4...............................................
6
462
5...............................................
13
647
6...............................................
7
374
T o ta l.................................................
Cured-meat—Females:
District 1...............................................
2...............................................
3...............................................
4...............................................
5...............................................
6...............................................

62

6,941

.252

.253

55.6

14.05

34

4,516

.540

.463

.467

5.7

48.4

45.6

21.31

26.14

22.41

4
14
8
6
9
2

74
86
29
38
55
4

.178
.178
.170
.166
.154
.153

.179
.177
.171
.167
.156
.176

50.5
48.3
46.7
49.5
46.3
51.5

9.05
8.56
7.97
8.26
7.20
9.05

4
9
2
4
3
3

41
84
21
27
35
10

.413
.404
.418
.392
.285
.399

.333
.327
.338
.316
.278
.322

.338
.334
.384
.316
.277
.325

5.9
5.6
6.0
5.9
5.0
5.6

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
50.1
48.6

45.2
41.6
46.0
44.9
37.5
45.3

15.30
13.88
17.69
14.17
10.38
14.69

19.82
19.39
20.06
18.82
13.85
19.39

15.98
15.70
16.22
15.17
13.93
15.65

Total..................................................

43

286

.171

.172

48.5

8.33

25

218

.386

.320

.325

5.6

48.4

42.4

13.79

18.57

15.49




INDUSTRY.

58

MEAT-TACKING

Total...................................................
Sausage—Females:
District 1...............................................
2...............................................
3...............................................
4...............................................
5...............................................
6...............................................

.230
.258
.261

AD
N

6
13
9

SLAXTGHTEEING

4...............................................
5...............................................
6...............................................

T a b le 3 .-H 0U R S , WAGES, AND EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES IN THE SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT-PACKING INDUSTRY IN THE UNITED STATES,
B Y DEPARTMENT, SE X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921—Concluded.
[District 1, Chicago; district 2> Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; distriot 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Department, sex, and district.

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
hour.

Aver­
Num­ Num­
age
ber
ber
earn’
of
of
mgs
estab­ em- Before
receiv­
lish­ ploy- reduc­
ed in
one ments, ees.
tion.
week.

$0,234
.248

57.2
57.8

$13.39
14.32

5
12

280
126

$0,551
.503

$0,474
.444

$0,478
.444

5.9
5.7

46.6
49.1

45.7
46.3

$21.84
20.57

$25.68
24.35

$22.09
21.80

Total,.........................................
Canning—Females:
District 1........................................
Districts 2 to 8...............................

12

3,130

.236

.237

57.3

13.61

17

406

.536

.465

.467

5.9

47.4

45.9

21.45

25.30

22.04

4
8

1,734
802

.166
.183

.167
.185

51.7
49.9

8.66
9.22

5
13

316
250

.441
.383

.365
.320

.367
.317

5.7
5.4

46.5
48.4

44.8
41.9

16.43
13.29

20.51
18.42

16.97
15.49

Total...........................................
Maintenance and repair—Males:
District 1 ........................................

12 , 2,536

.171

473

51.2

8.83

18

566

.416

.345

.346

5.6

47.3

43.5

15.05

19.64

16.32

9
17
10
7
13
10

4,272
3,557
911
904
970
773

.282
.291
.293
.286
.286
.305

.284
.291
.296
.290
.286
.305

57.9
55.3
55.3
53.6
55.4
56.3

16.44
15-89
16.35
15.56
15.84
17.18

7 - 2,453
10 1,485
4
437
4
317
4
489
274
5

.664
.634
.640
.641
.553
.649

.582
.554
.560
.562
.504
.603

.581
.556
.571
.570
.504
.612

5.8
5.8
5.5
5.8
5.8
5.8

47.9
48.0
46.8
48.0
53.8
48.2

45.7
45.4
44.2
45.4
50.4
46.7

26.60
25.23
25.28
25.91
25.40
28.55

31.81
30.43
29.95
30.77
29.03
31.28

27.88
26.59
26.21
26.98
27.12
29.06

66 U,387

.288

.289

56.2

16-25

34

5,455

.642

,565

,567

5.8

48.4

46.0

26.09

31,01

27.35

9 19,125
66 53,100

.262
.272

.262
.272

56.7
54.1

14.84
14.72

7 10,668
34 28,969

.591
.580

.511
.505

.516
.512

5.7
5.6

47.9
48.4

44.6
44.4

23.04
22.77

28.31
28.01

24.48
24.44

5
51

3,042
6,512

.170
.179

.171
.178

51.1
48.3

8.74
8.61

5
31

1,246
3,248

.453
.430

.377
,362

.378
.365

5.8
5.7

47.6
48.3

43.6
42.7

16.49
15.57

21.56
20.73

17.95
17.48

9 22,167
66 59,612

.250
.262

.250
.263

56.0
53.4

14.01
14.05

7 11,914
34 32,217

.577
.565

.497
.491

.502
.498

5.7
5.7

47.9
48.4

44.5
44.3

22.35
22.04

27.64
27.23

23.81
23.76

2..........................
3
4

6..........................
0..........................
Total............................
All departments—Males:
District 1........................................
All districts...................................
All departments—Females:
District i ........................................
All districts................, ..................
AH departments—Males and females
District 1........................................
All districts...................................




STATISTICS.

$0,233
.247

O LABOR
F

2,412
718

BUREAU

4
8

THE

Canning—Males:
District 1........ , .............................
Districts 2 to 6...............................

Num­ Num­
ber
ber
of
of
em­
estab­
lish­ ploy­
ments. ees.

Aver­ Aver­ Aver­ Aver­ Average full­
Aver­
age
time earnings
age
age
age
age
per week.
earn­
earn­ number basic hours
ings per of days or reg­ actually ings
work­ receiv­ Before After
work­ ular
hour
After
after
ed in hours ed in
ed in reduc­ reduc­
reduc­ reduc­
one
per
one
one
tion.
tion.
tion.
week. week. week.
week.
tion.

Average rate
of wages per
hour.

AverAver­
age
hours
age
earn­ actually
ings
work­
per
ed in
one
hour.
week.

BULM1Tm O
F

1921

1917

SLAtTGHTERIIsFG

AND MEAT-PACKOrG IOT>XJSTEY.

15

Table 4 shows for each establishment for 1921 the basic or regular
hours of operation per day and per week, the guaranteed hours of
pay per week, the proportional increase in wages per hour for over­
time, the increase for work on Sundays or holidays, andi the date
and amount of the reduction of wages,
Basic or regular hours,—Each establishment has stated or fixed
hours of operation; that is, a time for employees to begin work in the
morning and stop work in the afternoon, with a fixed period of time
off duty at noon for lunch or dinner. The time from beginning in the
morning, to stopping in the afternoon, exclusive of the time off at
noon, is considered the basic or regular hours.
Guaranteed hours oj fa y per week,,—All establishments except seven
romise or assure certain, or all, of their employees that payment will
e made for a specified or stated number of hours per week. This is
called guaranteed hours of pay, and payment therefor is made at base
or regular rate whenever the hours of operation in any week are less
than the guaranteed hours. In order to be entitled to pay for the guar­
anty it is necessary for employees to be on duty each day of the week
so much of the basic or regular hours as the establishment may be in
operation.
Overtime.—Any time worked in excess of basic or regular hours on
week days is overtime, and is paid for at one and one-half times base
or regular rate by all the establishments except seven* Thus an
employee whose base or regular rate is 50 cents per hour is paid
75 cents per hour for overtime.
Work on Sundays or holidays.—Work on Sundays is limited to a
very small percentage of the employees of an establishment, and
usually only to a few in the maintenance and repair department.
Work on holidays is not frequent. This work is paid for at double
the base or regular rate by all establishments except seven.
Date oj reduction oj wages.—The peak of wages was reached in 1920.
A reduction was made by 1 establishment in the latter part of 1920,
by25inMarch, and by 5 in April, 1921. No reduction had been made
by 2 establishments up to May 1. One establishment, instead of
reducing rates, increased basic or regular hours and reduced pay for
overtime and for work on Sundays or holidays.
Amount o j reduction.—All except 7 establishments reduced hourly
rates 8 cents and piece rates 12J per cent, but made no reduction
in weekly rates. Not to exceed 10 per cent of all employees are
paid piece rates, and not to exeeed 5 per cent are paid weekly rates.

E




T able 4 .—BASIC OR REGULAR HOURS, GUARANTEED HOURS OF PAY, PROPORTIONATE INCREASE IN P A Y FOR OVERTIME AND FOR W O R K ON
SUNDAYS OR HOLIDAYS, AND DATE AND AMOUNT OF REDUCTION OF W AG ES, B Y DISTRICT AND ESTABLISHMENT, 1921.
[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and Fort
Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]
Wages per hour for—

Basic or regular hours.

District 1•
Establishment No. 1___

Cents.
8

Per cent.
12.5

No reduction.

8
8
8
8
8
8

12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5

Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.

....... do.............
....... do.........
....... do...........
. . .do___
....... do.............
....... do.............
....... do.............
Apr. 11,1921
Apr. 9,1921
....... do.............

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
22.5
12.5
12.5
12. 5
12.5
12.5

Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.

....... do............... Mar. 14,1921
........do............... ....... do.............
....... do............... ....... do.............
....... do...............

8
8
8
8

12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5

Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.

....... do...............
....... do...............
....... do...............
....... do...............

....... do..r........
....... do.............
....... do.............
....... do...........

8
8
8
8

12.5
12.5
12. 5
12.5

Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.

No guaranty. ....... do........... Base or regular rate............... Base or regu­ “ Nov. 20,1920
lar rate.
48 ....... do............. ....... do........... ....... do....................................... ........do............... Mar. 17,1921
?.................................... One and one- lyMar. 1,1921
i* 52£ ....... do............. ....... do........... ....... do.1
half times
base or regu­
lar rate.1
8

10 per
cent.1
2
(1 )
4
(19)

40
40
40
40
M0
40

Base or regu­
lar rate.
....... do...........
.do..........
....... do...........
....... do...........
....... do...........
....... do...........

One and one-half times base
or regular rate.
....... do........................................
.do.......................................
....... do........................................
8
....... do.............................1........
....... do........................................
....... do.......................................

Double base or Mar. 14,1921
regular rate.
....... do.............
....... do...............
....... do............... ....... do.............
8
....... do............... ....... do.............
........do............... ....... do.............

40
40
40
40
40
40
40
9 40
40
40

....... do...........
. ...d o ...........
....... do...........
. ...d o ..........
....... do...........
....... do...........
....... do...........
....... d o..........
....... d o ..........
....... do...........

....... do........................................
....... do.......................................
....... do........................................
....... do.......................................
....... do.......................................
....... do........................................
....... do.......................................
....... do.......................................
....... d o......................................
....... doj......................................

....... do...............
........do...............
....... do..............
....... do...............
....... do...............
....... do...............
........do...............
........d o .............
........d o ..............
....... do...............

8

8

48

40

8
8

8
8

8
S
58

8
8
8

8
8
8
5
8
8

48
48
48
45
48
6 48

8
8
8
s
78
8
8
8
8
8

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

8
8
8
8
8
g
8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48
8 48
48
48
48
48
48

8
8
8
8

8
8
8
8

8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

8
8
8
8

8
8
8
8

8
8
8
8

1 8
0

1 8
0

1 4
0

2. . . .
3

s
1 9i
5

8
u 9£

8
5

1 44
1

40 ....... do........... ....... do.......................................
40 ....... do........... ....... do........................................
40 ....... do........... ....... do........................................
No guaranty.
40
40
40
40

....... do...........
....... do...........
....... do...........
....... do...........

....... do.......................................
....... do.......................................
....... do........................................
....... do....................................

1 10
3

10 per cent.1
*

(u)
(19)

(1 )
4
(1 )
9

STATISTICS.

Weekly
rates.8

LABOR

Piece
rates.2

8

District S.
Establishment No. 1___
2. . . .
3 .. ..
4 .. ..
District L
Establishment No. 1___
2. . . .
8
4 .. ..
District 5.
Establishment No. 1___




Hourly
rates.

BUEEATJ * F
O

6
7___
8___
9___
10___

Work on
Sundays or
holidays.

TH
E

District £•
Establishment No. 1___
2___
3. . ; .
4

Basic or
Overtime, work in excess of
regular
basic or regular hours per
hours or less
day.
on week days.

Reduction of wages of employees
who are paid—

O
F

2. . . .
3 ....
4 .. ..
5 .. ..
6. . . .
7___

Tues­
Mon­ day to Satur­ Per
day. Fri­ day. week.
day.

Date of
reduction
of
wages.

BULLETIN

District and establish­
ment.

Guaranteed
hours
of pay per
week.1

H*
C*

4 .. ..

1
0

1
0

1
0

34
00
2$
3
8
8
2 IQ
g

...d o .........

No guaranty. ....... do...
o ....... do...
48
3 60
1

2
»4
2 4 ....... do...
50

No guaranty. ....... dot..

.do.......................................

Bane or regu­
lar rate.

One and one-half times base
or regular rate.2
1

One and onehalf times
base or regu­
lar rate.2
1
....... do...............
Double base or
regular rate.
....... do...............
Base or regu­
lar rate.

.do..

(2)6
(2)..................
6

Base or regular rate.

10 p er
cent.

10
(22)

No reduction.

(?2)

____do.............
Mar. 14,1921

(22)
2 8
7

(22)
2 12.5
7

.....d o ............
Apr. 1,1921

8
10 per
cent.

12.5
10

10 oer cent.
No reduction.

Do.
Do.
Do.
10 per cent.

INDUSTRY,

1 Reduced from one and one-half times base or regular rate, Mar. 1,1921.
7
1 Reduced from double base or regular rate, Mar. 1,1921.
8
19 N o reduction except in pay for overtime; that is, for work in excess of basic or
regular hours per day on week days, or for work on Sundays or holidays. See notes
15,16,17, and 18.
2 To employees in hide and lard and oleo oil departments, and to a very small per­
0
centage of the employees in the cured-meat department. No guaranty to other
employees.
2 To all employees, including those who are paid weekly rates. Employees in other
1
establishments who are paid weekly rates are not paid for time worked in excess o
basic or regular hours per day or week. See note 1.
2 No reduction.
2
2 In all departments except sheep-killing. Sheep-killing, 9.
3
2 In all departments except sheep-killing. Sheep-killing, 54.
4
2 For all weeks except those in which holidays occur; 33£ for weeks with holidays,
3
a reduction from 40, Mar. 14,1921.
2 One and one-half times base or regular rate after 10 hours in any one day or 54 per
6
week. This rate was paid after 8 hours in any one day or 48 per week prior to Mar. 14,1921.
2 In addition to this reduction, pay for overtime was changed from one and one-half
7
times basic rate after 8 hours per day or 48 per week to one and one-half times basic rate
after 10 hours per day or 54 per week. See note 25.
2 In hog killing and cutting combined, offal, casing, lard and oleo oil, and cured-meat
8
departments, 10§ for males and 8£ for females in sausage department. In maintenance
and repair department, 8 for machinists, electrical workers, and pipe fitters; 9 for car­
penters; and 8| for coopers.
2 In hog killing and cutting combined, offal, casing, lard and oleo oil, and cured-meat
9
departments, and for males in sausage department, 84 for females in sausage department.
In maintenance and repair department, 8 for machinists, electrical workers, and pipe
fitters; 9 for carpenters; and 8| for coopers Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, and
9£ Friday.
8 In hog killing and cutting combined, offal, casing, lard and oleo oil, and cured-meat
0
departments, 7\ for males and 4£ for females in sausage department. In maintenance
and repair department, 8 for machinists and electrical workers, 5 for carpenters, 4J for
coopers, and 4 for pipe fitters.
3 In hog killing and cutting combined, offal, casing, lard and oleo oil, and cured-meat
1
departments; 60 for males and 47 for females in sausage department. In maintenance
and repair department, 56 for machinists and electrical workers, their hours being 8 per
day 7 days per week; 50 for carpenters; 48 for coopers; and 44 for pipe fitters.

MEAT-PACKING




4,1921

AD
N

I This column applies to all employees except those who are paid weekly rates and
luggers in cutting or fresh-beef department. Those paid weekly rates, except in estab­
lishments 1 and 2, district 6 (Boston, New York City, and Philadelphia), receive full
weekly rates even though they work more or less than basic or regular hours per week.
Employees of establishments 1 and 2, district 6, receive full weekly rates for basic or
regular hours per week or less, and rate and one-half for any time over 8 hours per day
^5 or 48 per week. Luggers in establishments in which there is a guaranty are entitled
to 44 or 40 hours’ pay per week. Those entitled to 44 hours’ pay represent more than
50 per cent of employees in the occupation.
3 Paid to not to exceed 10 per cent of all employees. The percentage varies in dif­
ferent establishments from 1 or less to 15.
3 Paid to not to exceed 5 per cent of all employees. The percentage varies in dif­
ferent establishments, from 1 or less to 50 in establishment 1 and 80 in establishment 2,
district 6.
4 To employees in cattle-killing, hog-killing, offal, and cutting or fresh-pork depart­
ments. No guaranty to employees in other departments.
5 In all departments except cattle-killing and casing. Cattle-killing, 5; casing, 6.
6 In all departments except cattie-killing and casing. Cattle-killing, 45; casing, 46.
7 In all departments except cattle-killing, offal, sheep-killing, and casing. Cattlekilling and offal, none; sheejp-killing and casing, 5.
8 In all departments except cattle-killing, offal, sheep-killing, and casing. Cattlekilling and offal, 40; sheep-killing and casing, 45.
9 To all employees who are paid hourly rates. No guaranty to those who are paid
piece rates.
1 In cattle-killing, offal, hide, and cutting or fresh-beef departments; 10 in hog killing
0
and cutting combined, casing, lard and oleo oil, sausage, cured-meat, and maintenance
and repair.
II In cattle-killing, offal, hide, and cutting or fresh-beef departments; 60 in hog killing and
euttingcombined, casing, lardandoleooil, sausage,cured-meat, and maintenance and repair.
1 In casing, lard and oleo oil, hog killing and cutting combined, cured-meat, and
2
maintenance and repair departments. Dec. 13 in cattle-killing, offal, hide, and cutting
or fresh-beef departments.
1 In addition to this reduction, individual rates have been reduced from time to time,
3
the reductions being based on the value of the work of the individual to the establishment.
1 The reductions in this establishment were individual and were from 1 to 12J cents
4
per hour, based on the value of the work of the individual to the establishment.
1 Increased from 8, Mar. 1,1921.
5
1 Increased from 45, Mar. 1,1921.
6

Apr.

SLAUGHTERING

62480°— 22— Bull. 294-

5 ....

.do..

..do..

District 6.
Establishment No. 1.

18

BULLETIN

m

THE BUREAU OF LABOE STATISTICS.

* Table 5 shows the average rate of wages per hour for males and
females in each department and district for three periods: (1) First
half of 1917, or the period before the entrance into the World War by
the United States; (2) fall of 1920, or period which represents the
peak in the wage rate in the slaughtering and meat-paeking industry;
(3) April, 1921, or the period after the wage rate had been reduced
in 32 of the 34 establishments for which data are presented in this
report for 1921.
T

able

S.—AVER AGE RATE OF W AGES PER HOUR OF M ALE AN D F E M A L E EM P LO Y E E S,
B Y D EPAR TM ENT A N D DISTRICT, 1917, 1920, AND 1921.

[Distaiet 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3,
St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo,
Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, find Philadelphia.]

Males.

Department and district.

Females.

Average rate of wages per
hour.

Average rate ©f wages per
hour.

First half
of 1917.
Cattle-killing:

Fall of
1920.

10.626
.614
.656.
.601 .
.550
.714

ApriL
1921.

.175

.455
.321

.375
.296

.157

.401

.340

.150

.440
.440
.384
.348

.360
.360
.304
.268

.493

.150

.416

.336

.571
.592
.905

.492
.513
.869

.150

.448

.368

.309

.637

.566

.158

.448

.368

.263
.287
.279
.261
.269
.270

.568
.567
.568
.566
.490
.561

.487
, 485
.487
.487
.436
.538

.184
.179
.167
.171
.164

.440
.475
.463
.445
.329
.390

.361
.394
.383
.366
.295
.310

.274

.560

.485

.175

.435

.365

.238
.249
.277
.235
.264
.239

.540
.544
.586
.520
.470
.513

.461
.464
.503
.441
.425
.513

T o ta l.....................................................

.313

.622

.550

.269 :
.280 .
.289 '
.261 .283
.288'

.597
.573
.579
.575
.495
.484

.517
.494
.499
.495
.443
.515

.279

.568

.290 :
.308
.345

Total....................................... ...............
Offal (other than hides and casings):
District 1.................................... ...............
2.....................................................
3.....................................................
4.....................................................
5.....................................................
6.....................................................
Total............ .........................- ........ .......
Hide:
District 1 . ... ..........................................
2.....................................................
3.....................................................
4 „ ...............................................
5.....................................................
6........................... '...................

Total......... .............................. . ..............

April,
1921.

$0,340
.368

$0,302
.319
.-339
.295
.294
.372

Sheep Bindcalf killing:
District 1 . . . - ...........................................
2 .....................................
Districts 3 to 6 ....... .............................. .

Fall of
1920.

80.420
.448

2............. .......................................
3...................................................
4....................................................
s ...................................................
6
. .
. . .

Hog-killing:
District 1 . . . . . . . __ ___________________
2 . ..................................................
3............. ......................................
4.............. ................................. :
5 , ................................................
6 , ....... ..........................

Firsthalf
of 1917.

$0.546
.534
.575
.522
.486
.714

$0.149

.175

Total................ .......................................
Casing:
District 1 . ..................................................
2....................................................
3.....................................................
4.....................................................
5 .........................................
6 ....................................................

.246 :

.535

.465

.269
.290
.285
.270
.282
.248

.578
.581
.585
.569
.505
.595

.497
.499
.505
.488
.459
.584

.157
.185
.180
.205
.154

.434
.481
.390
.472
.322

.354
.400
.310
.393
.299

Total-...........................................

.278;

.573

.499

.172

.441

.366




19

SL A U G H T E R IN G AN D M E A T -P A C K IN G IN D U ST R Y .

T able 5 .—A V E R A G E R AT E OF W A G E S PER H OU R OF M ALE A N D F E M ALE E M P LO Y ­
EES, B Y D EPAR T M EN T AND DISTRICT, 1917, 1920, A N D 1921—Concluded.
Males.

Department and district.

Females.

Average rate of wages per
hour.

Average rate of wages per
hour.

First half
of 1917.

FaUof
1920.

April,
1921.

First half
of 1917.

Fall of
1920.

April,
1921.

Cutting or fresh-beef:
District 1 ...................................................
2 ...................................................
Districts 3 to 6 ...........................................

SO.273
.265
.272

$0.558
.555
.552

$0.479
.477
.496

$0.158
.175

S . 364
O

$0.308

Total........................................................

.271

.556

.483

.162

.364

.308

2 ....................................................
3 ....................................................
4 ....................................................
5....................................................
6....................................................

.267
.279
.282
.267
.259
.273

.635
.591
.592
.687
.511
.564

.550
.510
.511
.594
.458
.492

.234
.224
.198
.191
.188
.208

.513
.494
.455
.642
.304
.392

.440
.430
.393
.558
.293
.353

Cutting or fresh-pork:

Total........................................................

.271

.590

.513

.217

.459

.402

Lard and oleo oil:
District 1....................................................
2 ....................................................
3 ....................................................
4 ....................................................
5
6 ....................................................

.228
.252
.256
.230
.258
.261

.536
.540
.537
.521
.478
.534

.465
.461
.461
.445
.421
.501

.150
.167
. 163
.164
.178

.421
.411
.386
.392
.309
.385

.341
.331
.302
.316
.269
.305

...............................

Total........................................................

.243

.530

.462

.161

.381

.312

Sausage:
District 1....................................................
2 ....................................................
3 ....................................................
4 ....................................................
5....................................................
6 ....................................................

.237
.257
.252
.252
.279
.261

.550
.556
.558
.558
.488
.571

.471
.478
.477
.478
.435
.508

.166
.182
.170
.181
.164
.155

.451
.443
.435
.445
.335
.391

.378
.369
.357
.368
.303
.326

Total........................................................

.252

.549

.474

.172

.431

.361

Cured-meat:
District 1....................................................
2 ....................................................
3 ....................................................
4 ....................................................
5....................................................
6 .....................................................

.240
.258
.267
.227
.264
.273

.547
.551
.541
.523
.483
.569

.468
.471
.461
.445
.419
.502

.178
.178
.170
.166
. 154
.153

.413
.404
.418
.392
.285
.399

.333
.327
.338
.316
.278
.322

Total........................................................

.252

.540

.463

.171

.386

.320

Canning:
District 1..................................................
Districts 2 to 6 ...........................................

.233
.247

.551
.503

.474
.444

. 166
.183

.441
.383

.365
.320

.171

.416

.345

. 170
.179

.453
.430

.377
.362

Total............ ............. ............................

.236

.536

. 465

Maintenance and repair:
District 1....................................................
2....................................................
3 ....................................................
4 ....................................................
5....................................................
6 ....................................................

.282
.291
.293
.286
.286
.305

.664
.634
.640
.641
.553
.649

.582
.554
.560
.562
.504
.603

Total........................................................

.288

.642

.565

All departments:
District 1....................................................
All districts................................................

.262
.272

.591
.580

.511
.505

Table 6 shows a percentage distribution of employees according to
rates of wages per hour. Segregation is made by department, sex,
district, and year, but not by occupation.




T able 6 — PER CENT OF EMPLOYEES RECEIVING EACH CLASSIFIED RATE OF WAGES PER HOUR, B Y DEPARTMENT, SEX, AND DISTRICT,
1917 AND 1921.
.©
[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and Fort Worth*
district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]
Per cent of employees whose rate of wages per hour was—

Number of-

4
5

6

2 .................
5

Total......................
Hog-killing—Males:
District 1...................

2 ..................
3
4




1917
1921

3,292
2,077

.313
.550

27

1921
1917
3921
1917
1921
1921

*33

”21

0)

31

mi

412
1,254
546
657
289
270

1
31

.517
.280
494
.289
.499
.261

.495

27

0)
18
1
7

2

13

6

'i§

.157
.340

1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917

15

"*27

.340
.149
.368
.175
.375
.299

1917
1921

19

2
2

13

3
2

$0.302
.546
.319
.534
.339
.575
.295
.522
.294
.486
.372
.714

7

1
1

6

2

3
53

2
53
2
33

1

1
33
C
1
)
21

(1)i

22

25
7
30

C
1
)
15

.
C
1)

2

16
4

1

13

1

’io

C
1)
12

20
2

13

*ii

14
4

11

C
1
)
33

17

C)
1

0)

1

11

C
1
)

10

C
1
)

14

1

C
1
)

11

100

82

’ *75

100

25

50

STATISTICS,

4

802
582
1,156
838
227
143
562
173
331
175
214
166

50

71
24

C
1
)

" (if

C
1
)

52

LABOR

Cattle-killing—Females:
District 1...................

1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921

20

25
35
60
65
50
55
15
70
40
45
Under and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
15
under under under under under under under under under under under under cents
and
cents.
40
20
65
70
25
30
35
55
80
45
50
60
cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. over.

O
F

Total......................

per
hour.

BUREAU

3

Em-

TH
E

2 ..................

Establishments.

O
F

Cattle-killing—Males:
District 1...................

Year.

Aver­
age
rate of

BULLETIN

Department, sex, and district.

to

10

10

10

C
1
)
42
0)
51

(1
)7

C)
1

15

C
1
)
C
1
)

13
(x
)

•({)*

1
0

6
Total..................................................
Hog-killing—Females:
District 1..............................................

2 ................................................
3

4
TotaF.................................................
Sheep and calf killing—Males:
District 1............................................

Districts 3 to 6...................................

............................

Offal (other than hides and casings)Males:
District 1..............................................

2 ...............................................
3
4
5

6
Total................................................. .
i Less than 1 per cent.




1

1917
1921

57
29

4,098
1, 756

.279
.493

1

1921
1917
1921
1921
1921

2
3
4
1
1

4
24
11
5
3

.360
. 150
.360
.304
.268

1917
1921

3
8

24
23

.150
.336

1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921

5
4
14
10
12
7

356
403
506
386
201
165

.290
.492
.308
.513
.345
.869

1917
1921

31
21

1,063
954

.308
.566

1921
1917
1917
1917
1921

2
1
1

5
4
2

.368
.150
.175

2
2

6
5

.158
.368

1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921

8
6
17
10
11
4
5
4
13
4
8
5

999
628
1,191
710
460
202
366
160
397
198
224
136

.263
.487
.287
.485
.279
.487
.261
.487
.269
.436
.270
.538

62
33

3,637
2,034

.274
.485

30

3
0)

27

62

31

31

25
1
31

12
11
3
9
2

23
C
1)

6
44
1
5

20
C
1)
42

17

5

3

34

10

5

2

4
14

0)
38

(1K
26

7

10

2

50

6

0)

1

35

26

4

25

20

9

22

12
8
1

9
1
8
4
7
11

2
63
4
47
2
16

0)
24
1
28
0)
16

10
(0

8
4

3
48

(!)
24

4
3
2
3
2
13
2
29
2
64
1
1

2
78
1
79
1
49
1
56

6
2
11
C
1)
20
2
3

19
2
45

C
1)
32

2
12

1
66

1
10

0)

C
1)’

4

32

1

9

21

0)

9

35
0)

36

30

4

79

27
60

C
1)

50

18
40
100

4

79

C
1)

17

17

40
29

15
27

10
19

!
5 !

7

7
0)
0)

1
1
4

12

C
1)

7

9

7

6

2

9

3
1

2
1
2

0)

(0

8
28
1
5

1

1

INDUSTRY.

2 ..............

Districts 3 to 6 ...................................
Total.................................................

.283
.443
.288
.515

MEAT-PACKING

Total.................................................
Sheep and calf killing—Females:
District 1 ............................................

779
287
212
91

100
100
100
100
100
54
1

29

25

53

3
0)

20

3

54

5
1
0)

4
2

29
29
36

49
C)
1
29
33
48
41
0)

7
C
1)
10
C
1)
22
1
5
25
1
10
12
(})

4
0)

2

W2
3
2
1
5
9
1
3
2

(l)

C
1)

4
1
2

C
1)

6
C
1)

2

3

0)

2

4
9
1
3

0)
,

5
1
2

1
1
1
1

C
1)
C
1)

2

C
1)

3
1
2
1
1

3

1

1

0)

3

3
C
1)

4

4

2

2

2

C
1)

AD
N

2 .............................................

13
4
4
2

SLAUGHTERING

1917
1921
1917
1921

5

C
1)
4

T able

6 — PER CENT OF EM PLOYEES RECEIVING EACH CLASSIFIED RATE OF W AGES PER HOUR, B Y D EPARTM ENT, SE X , AND DISTRICT,
1917 AND 1921—Continued.
to

K)

[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and Fort Worth;
district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Department, sex, and district.

Year.

Aver­
age
rate of
Establishments.

Em-

per
hour.

20

15
30
35
45
25
65
70
40
50
55
60
80
Under and
and
and • and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and cents
under under under under under under under under under under under under
15
and
20
cents.
25
35
40
45
50
30
55
60
65
70
80
over.
cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents.

BULLETIN

Per cent of employees whose rate of wages per hour was—

Number of-

O
F

3
4
5

Total.....................................................
Hides—Males;
District 1.................................................

3
4
5

6
Total.....................................................




1917
1921

310
241

.175
.365

1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921

338
226
522
324
63
51
140
80
77
59
78
74

.238
.461
.249
.464
.277
.503
.235
.441
.264
.425
.239
.513

1917
1921

1,218
814

.246
.465

2

44
18
44
52

56
47
38

27
100
56

15
35

(l)

10

32

30

0)

C
1
)

0)

0)

I (l)

C
1
)

53
94

26
12
55

0
0)

76

C
1
)

STATISTICS.

*2
..............................

2

$0.184
.361
.179
.394
.167
.383
.171
.366
.164
.295
.310

39
129
128
34

O LABOR
F

6

1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1921

BUREAU

2 ............................................

TH
E

Offal (other than hides and casings)—
Females:
District 1.................................................

0

Casing—Males:
District 1.............................. .
2 ...............................
3
4
5

6
Total...................................
Casing—Females:
District 1................................
2................................
3
4
5
Total...................................
Cutting or fresh-beef—Males:
District 1..............................
2..............................
Districts 3 to 6....................
Total...................................
Cutting or fresh-beef—Females:
District 2..............................
Districts 3 to 6....................
Total...................................

1

Less than 1 per cent.




1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921

17

10
10

4

6

4

12

4

890
585
1,085
606
322
164
312
146
275
179
197
112

0

.269
.497
.290
.499
.285
.505
.270
.488
.282
.459
.248
.584

1917
1921

62
32

3,081
1,792

.278
.499

1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921

3
3
13
8
1

2

170
171
130
127
1
12
36
10
15

.157
.354
.185
.400
.180
.310
.205
.393
.154
.299

.273
.479
.265
.477
.272
.496

1917
1921

2

3
3

3

1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921

30
14

2,931
1,468
1,846
761
1,517
726

1917
1921

53
31

6,294
2,955

.271

1917
1917
1921

3
1

37

2

12

10

.158
.175
.308

4

49
10

.162
.308

1917
1921

7
15

10

2

32

42

'is

' 46'

......
"9
40

■
42'

44

*34‘

‘ ” i 6_

'44’

'u
" ‘ i6‘

*36

0
0

" ' 37'
1
5

......
"37

0

.172

20

352
349

.....

1
2
2
3
....„
1
14

0
32

1

2

56
1
53

0
19
2

18

'35* *'*35'
0
11
46
1
23 "'3 4 *

2

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

01 0
0
0

0

0

0

0

12

08

1
3

""l

1
......

1

~0 ~

~0 ~
10

21

42

1

26

'" i 5
1
18

0
0

14
1

2

2

0

08

1
47

22

"0

100
20

44

“ '28'
*‘ ioo‘

42
' ” 67"

*i7’

3

53

2
22

50

6

*50*

*20’

' 56’
6
50

3
10

3
20

'* '93’
52
70

0
0

0
'W

20

1
6

57

0
1
1

"d '

01
1
32

15

*39'

*35’

0

49

0

044

27

‘ 45*

1
37

33

0

(1
)

1
84
1
81
1
1
70

0
06
05
1
13
~0 ~

1
6
1

10
0

0

0

95
100
50

50

50

50
t©
CO

T able 6 .—

PEE CENT OF EMPLOYEES RECEIVING EACH CLASSIFIED RATE OF WAGES PER HOUR, B Y DEPARTMENT, SE X , AND DISTRICT,
1917 AND 1921—Continued.

fc©

[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and Fort Worth;
district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Department, sex, and district.

Year.

Establishments.

Per cent of employees whose rate of wages per hour was—
Aver­
age
60
70
25
30
50
55
65
35
40
rate of
15
45
and
and
and
and
and
and
wages Under and
and
and
and
and
and
under under under under under under under under under under under under cents
per
15
and
60
65
70
80
hour. cents.
30
20
35
40
45
55
25
50
over.
cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents.

20

Em-

BULLETIN

Number of-

O
F

2 ................................
4
5

2 ............................
3
4
5

6
Total................................




4,461
2,810

.271
.513

1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921

182
557
230
116
71
50
16
120
117
14
39

.234
.440
.224
.430
.198
.393
.191
.558
.188
.293
.207
.353

1917
1921

1,066
655

.217
.402

1

C
1
)

3

f
i

(x
)

0)

2
5
11

3
23

(x
)
43

14
74

1
1
19
1
1
22
60
1
2
20
45
1
)
0) C 9 O 9
31
1 C C
1
)
1
)
22
17
51

60
37
0)

0)

30

C)
1

2

48

C
1)

18
0)

0)

14

0)

0) 2

c1
)

......

26

......

38
33

0)

8

21

54

C)
1

C)
1

C
1
)
C2
1
)
2
C
1
)

c1)-

23

C
1)

20

(J
)

18

14

2
7
1
0)
5
C
1
)
C12
1
)
1

STATISTICS.

Cutting or fresh-pork— Females:
District 1...............................

1917
1921

2

54

LABOR

Total...................................

0>

O
F

6

$0,267
.550
.279
.510
.282
.511
.267
.594
.259
.458
.274
.492

7
6
19
10
10
4
7
4
13
4
5
3

BUREAU

3

1,190
697
1,262
782
481
475
213
105
796
467
519
284

1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921

TH
E

Cutting or fresh-pork—Males:
District 1...............................

(!)

0)

0)

Lard and oleo oil—Males:
District 1......................

Lard and oleo oil—Females:
District 1.......................... .

* Less than 1 per cent.




1917
1921

1,727
1,561

.243

1

74

13

4

1

41

50

7

22

48

1
1

(1)2

88

1

6

1

1

6

23

10

60

25

4

1

35

49

13
1
11

1
4

33
51

52
35

8

89

5

30
1
52
1
66

46

18

6

39

4

2

15

6

41

1

53

4

70

11

1

3
1
11

1
2

66
1
57

15

4

3

1

20

11

4

1

62

10

9

3

1
1
1
1
10
3
1
1

2

0)

4

0)
.150
.341
.167
.331
.163
.306
.164
.312
.178
.269
.305

1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1921

5

C
1)
14

0)

C
1)

1

1

• 1
*

1

1

1

1

1

1

0)

2

1

1

C
1)

2

1

1
1
1

2

1
1
1

C
1)

100
93

5
22

43

29

44

39

11

86

10
100.

3

35

53

56

29

29

55

8

22

20

80

8

83

2

18

46

1917
1921

90
107

.161
.312

9

1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921

1,147
814
542
426
247
170
189
108
387
164
259
157

.237
.471
.257
.478
.252
.477
.252
.478
.279
.435
.261
.508

1

1917
1921

2,771
1,839

.252
.474

1

79

8

12

1

75

18

1

43

44

2
5

31
57

49

2

5

18

28

6

9

70

49

2
C
1)

3

8

2

16

27

1

2

6

54

3
28
1
12
1

33

9
C
1)

2
1
4
2
17
6
2
4
5
1

1
C
1)
0)

1

C
1)
90
1
5 ""h i

11
2
30
1
57

1
9

O

74

(1)7

3

2

1

1
5

3
C
1)

1

6
(x
)

3

1

INDUSTRY,

Total.

3

MEAT-PACKING

Sausage—Males:
District 1____

.228
.465
.252
.461
.256
.461
.230
.445
.258
.421
.261
.501

AD
N

Total.

567
562
499
463
124
71
196
178
195
125
146
162

SLAUGHTERING

Total.

1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921

1

to
Ol

T able

6 — PER CENT OF EM PLOYEES RECEIVING EACH CLASSIFIED RATE OF W AGES PER HOUR, B Y DEPARTM ENT, S E X , AND DISTRICT,
1917 AND 1921—Concluded.
C
fo

fc©

[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and Fort Worth;
district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.!

Department, sex, and district.

1,777
1,053

1917
1921
1917
1921
3................................................... 1917
1921
4................................................... 1917
1921
5................................................... 1917
1921
6................................................... 1917
1921

9
7
17
10
10
4
6
4
13
4
7
5

Total.. t................................................ 1917
1921

62
34

2,295
1,558
2,346
1,297
817 '
655
462
295
647
491
374
220
6,941
4,516

6.

..

6___
Total...............
Cured-meat—Males:
District 1...................................................

2 ...................................................

Cured-meat—Females:
District 1...................................................
2...................................................




1917
1921
1917
1921

4
4
14
9

74
41
86
84

.240
.468
.258
.471
.267
.461
.227
.445
.264
.419
.273
.502
.252
.463
.178
.333
.178
.327

65

12

47

1h

21

72
67

18

9
8

7

21
0)
17

6

3

15

7

5

3

5

10

8

1

1

io

1

5

40
1
4

0

C
1)

1

9

1
60
1
48

4
(i)

12

60

3
43
5
14 '* ’ *52'

21

60

1

0
0

1

0

6

26

6

3

19

2

2

5
10

78
1
52

C
1)
13

C
1)
15

5

68

27

3

1

51

7

2

20
14

24
74

52
16

2

29
5

0

74

1

47

3
22
1
18

42

9
0

75
17

20

45

1
0
____

1

2

40

48

1

28
62

32

3

16

5

65

14

3
14

(1)2
1
1
2
3
11
2
1
1

3
98

13

(V
0
26

8

2

8

1

1

49

22

1

1

50

1

1

1

1

4

88
C
1)
87

45

0

1

(1)

14

21

0

4
21

9

9

i

1

1

0

1

2

0

0

0

2

71

C
1)

( x)

0)

65

63
0
0

1

2

70

0

3

0

0
1
0

0

0

0

0

STATISTICS,

48
30

4___

17
28

LABOE

1917
1921

3..........

$0.166
.378
.182
.369
.170
.357
.181
.368
.164
.303
. 155
.326
.172
.361

O
F

758
443
544
251
212
108
151
71
68
117
44
63

BUKEAU

5
5
16
9
10
4
6
4
7
4
4
4

TH
E

1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921

2............

O
F

Sausage—Females:
District 1.................

BULLETIN

Per cent of employees whose rate of wages per hour was—
Aver*
age
35
65
25
45
55
70
15
30
60
40
20
50
80
rate of Under and
and
Year. Estab­
and
and
and
and
and
and cents
and
and
and
and
Em­
wages
15
lish­
under under under under under under under under under under under under
and
ployees. per
35
65
cents.
25
55
70
80
20
40
45
50
60
ments.
30
over.
hour.
cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents. cents.
Number of—

1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921

Canning—Males:
District 1___

Total..

Districts 2 to 6.

Maintenance and repair—Males:
District 1...................................

31

24

8

84

8

43
25

. 171
.320

16

1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921

4
5
8
12

2 ,412
280
718
126

.233
•474
.247
.444

12
17

3,130
406

.236
.465

1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921

4
5
8
13
12
18

1.734
316
802
250
2,536
566

.166
.365
.183
.320
.171
.345

1917
1921
1917
1921
1917

9
7
17
10
10
4
7
4
13
4
10
5
66
34

4,272
2,453
3,557
1,485
911
437
904
317
970
489
773
274
11,387
5, 455

.282
.582
.291
.554
.293
. 560
.286
.562
.286
.504
.305
.603
.288
.565

1921

66
34
51
34

53,100
28,909
6,512
3,248

.272
.50^
. 179
. 362

! 1917
1921

66
34

59,612
32* 217

.262
.m

1921

Total.

1917

1921

departments:
Males..............

1917

Females..

A ll

1917

Total.
1 Less than 1 per cent.




1921

11

23

3
10

3
22

90
1
64

11

1

1

5

50
67

5

13

1

83

14

2

75

18

1

^ 81

C
1)

15

5
2

0)
13

75

6

8

76

8

11

76

7

C
1)

5
1
1

4
1
5
33
4
15

1
57
3
52
2
55

45

17

21

31

23

1

18

36

23

4

•

49

io

is

(1)

31

27

14

43

1

1

21

1

0)

35

25

13
0)
21
0)
14
C
1)
2
41

6
1
1
20

13
5

5
3

1

42

63
1

13
3

o

8

39
0)

(l>"

(!)

87

7

1

1

45

6

2

2

C
1)
14

74

7

2

1

8

5

2

1

1

1

1
(l)
12
C
1)
20
C
1)
19
(*)
13
C
1)
22
1
7
(0
16

32
C
1)
6
13

“T

1

1

0)

1
1 f C
1)

0)

,

4

3

4
1
3
1
5
5
3
22
5
24
7
2
4
5

C
1)
36
1
38
1
25
1
19
1
15
1
12
1
31

9
C
1)
11
(9
11
C
1)
6
C
1)
16
1
25
0)
11

2
10
0

1

6

11
6
17
(0
12
1

15
C
1)

0)

1

14

3

C)
1

40

11
0)
10
(0
15

C
1)
0)

C
1)

0)
23
1
9
0)
17

30

1

C
1)

2

9

1
55
C
1)
6

C
1)
13
0)
3

2
10

1
50

C)
1
12

1

1

1

0)

C
1)

1
7
0)

1

17
0)
18
30
0)
21
0)
12
C
1)
8
C
1)
17
0)

2
1
7

6
1

(x
)

6

(O

0)

1
4
1
5

8
C
1)
10

0)

3

C)
1
15
(!)
4

0

4
0)
28
C
1)
11

P )5
(l)
1
0)
14
1
5

C
1)

C)
1

3

o
C
1)

0

C
1)

C
1)

3

C
1)

5
3
2
4

4
0)

4

2

0) 9

1

IN D U S T R Y .

1917
1921
1917
1921
1917
1921

43

56

74

67

50

43

33
27

3
10

M E A T -P A C K IN G

Total..............

41

AND

Canning—Females:
District 1..........

.170
.338
.166
.316
. 154
.278
. 153
.322

TEEING

Districts 2 to 6.

1917
1921

29
21
38
27
55
35
4
10
286
218

iAUGH

Total.

8
2
6
4
9
3
2
3

C
1)

2

C
1)

2

*5

28

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Table 7 shows cumulative percentages of employees receiving each
classified rate of wages per hour in 1917 and 1921, beginning at
“ Under 15 cents/* and making advances of 5 cents therefrom to
“ Under 70 cents/’ and then of 10 cents to “ Under 80 cents.”
In 1917 no females, and less than one-half of 1 per cent of the males
were paid 80 cents per hour and over. In 1921 less than one-half of 1
per cent of females and 3 per cent of males were paid 80 cents per hour
and over.
The same percentage sometimes appears under more than one clas­
sification. This is due to the fact that the difference in the percentage
between a classification and the next above or below is less than onehalf of 1 per cent. For example, in 1917 the percentage of males
receiving under 60 cents per hour is 99. The number receiving be­
tween 60 and 65 cents is not sufficient to raise the percentage to
99^. The percentage for those receiving under 65 cents per hour is
therefore shown as 99.
T able 7 .—CUMULATIVE PER CENT OF EM PLOYEES, IN A LL DEPARTMENTS AND DIS­
TRICTS, RECEIVING EACH CLASSIFIED RATE OF W AGES PER HOUR, B Y SE X AN D
Y E A R , 1917 AND 1921.

Sex and year.

Males:
1917..............................
1921.............................
Females:
1917.............................
1921.............................
Males and females:
1917.............................
1921.............................

Aver­ Per cent of employees whose rate of wages per hour was—
Num­ Num­ age
ber of ber of rate
estab­ em­
of
Un­ Un­ Un­ Un­ Un­ Un­ Un­ Un­ Un­ Un­ Un­ Un Un­
lish­ ploy­ wages der der der der der der der der der der der der der
ments. ees.
per
15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 80
hour. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts.

66 53,100 $0,272
34 28,969
.505

C
1)

1

43

76
C
1)

90
(0

99 100
92 96

100
97

51
31

95
1

97
11

98
66

98
79

99
86

6,5154
3,248

.179
.362

15
(})

78
1

91
1

97
14

99 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
58 78 87 93 96 98 99 99

100
100

66 59,612
34 32,217

.262
.491

2
C
1)

10
C
1)

48
0)

78
1

91
6

99 100
93 96

100
98

96
9

98
18

98
69

99
81

99
87

1

1 Less than 1 per cent.

In Table 8 is shown the number of employees in each department
making each specified number of starts (days) in one week in 1921.
“ Starts” as shown here means the number of calendar days on which
an employee worked. If an employee reports for duty ana works any
part of the day he is counted as having made a start.




29

SLAUGHTERING AND M EAT-PACKING INDUSTRY.

T able 8 ,—NUM BER OF EM PLOYEES W H O M ADE EACH CLASSIFIED N U M B E R OF
STARTS (DAYS ON W H IC H EM PLOYED) IN ONE W E E K , 1921, B Y D EPAR TM EN T, S E X .
AN D DISTRICT.
[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3,
St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo,
Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]
[This table includes data for 33 establishments in which employees are paid weekly.]
Aver­
age
num­
Esber of
Em­
tabstarts
lish- ployees. in one
ments
week.
Number of—

Department, sex, and district.

Cattle-killing—Males:
District 1..................................
2 ..................................
3 ..................................
4 ..................................
5 .......... .......................
6 ..................................

Number of employees whose starts (days) in
one week were—

1

2

3

4

5

6

15
15
2
35
5
126

218
101
9
35
62
6

310
667
85
99
102
30

198

431

1,293

6
10
3
4
4
2

582
838
116
173
175
166

5.3
5.6
5.3
5.3
5. 5
4.4

5
21
1

29
6
8
..
2

5
28
11
4
5
2

Total......................................
Cattle-killing—Females:
District 1..................................
2 ..................................
4 ..................................
5 ..................................

29

2,050

5.4

27

46

55

1
1
1
2

4
8
2
7

5. 0
5. 4
5. 5
5.6

Total......................................
Hog-killing—Males:
District 1 ...........................*___
2 ..................................
3 ..................................
4 ..................................
5..................................
6 ..................................

5

21

5. 4

1

6
10
2
4
4
2

412
546
183
131
287
91

5.6
5. 7
5.3
5.4
5.6
5.6

4
4
6
2
4

4
13
14
2

Total......................................
Hog-killing—Females:
District 1..................................
2 ..................................
4 ..................................

28

1,650

5.6

20

2
4
1

4
11
3

6.0
5.9
6.0

Total......................................
Sheep and calf killing—Males:
District 1................................
2 ................................
Districts 3 to 6 .......................

7

18

5.9

4
10
7

403
386
163

5.4
5.8
5.5

3
1
1

13
9
2

4
5
7

Total......................................
Sheep and calf killing— Females:
Districts 3 to 6 ..........
Offal (other than hides and cas­
ings)—Males:
District 1 ..................................
2 ..................................
3 ..................................
4..................................
5 ..................................
6 ..................................

21

952

5.6

5

24

16

2

5

6.0

6
10
3
4
4
5

628
710
146
160
198
136

5.6
5. 8
5. 4
5.6
5. 5
4.9

4
5
4
2
1
1

19
4
8

Total......................................
Offal (other than hides and cas­
ings)—Females:
District 1..................................
2 ..................................
3 ..................................
4 ..................................
5 ..................................
6 ..................................

32

1,978

5.6

4
8
2
3
4
1

39
128
2
18
52
2

Total......................................
Hides—Males:
District 1..................................
2 ................................
3 ..................................
4 ..................................
5 ..................................
6 ..................................

22

Total......................................




7

4
1
1

i
1

7
1
5

1

6

13

1

25
15
8
16
4
1

8
4
1
5
6
4

26
30
7
7
72
23

345
480
147
99
201
62

34

69

28

165

1,334

1

4
10
3

1

17

18
8
7

139
19
34

226
344
112

33

192

682
5

2
1

16
6
6
6
5
2

g
12
3
10
8
51

114
40
13
22
54
31

466
643
112
120
128
50

17

34

41

93

274

1, 519

5. 4
5. 7
6.0
5.1
5. 3
6.0

1

1
3

3
4

1

7
8

1

1
2

2

2
3

3
17

27
112
2
10
29
2

241

5.5

2

7

9

6

35

182

6
10
3
4
4
2

226
324
45
80
59
74

5. 7
5. 4
5.2
4. 8
5. 5
5.1

1
3

6

1
18
3
13
1
1

4
4
5
2
2
2

3
16
2
9
1
9

50
49
4
19
15
7

167
234
31
36
40
49

29

808

5.4

11

37

19

40

144

557

1

80

BULLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

8 . — NUM BER OF EM PLOYEES W H O M ADE EACH CLASSIFIED NU M BER OF
STARTS (D A Y S ON W H IC H E M PLO YED ) IN ONE W E E K IN 1921, B Y D E PAR T M EN T ,
S E X , AND DISTRICT—Continued.

Ta ble

[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3
St- Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo,
Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Number of—

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Department, sex, and district.
Esstarts
Em­
tablish- ployees. in one
week.
ments
Casing—Males:
District 1........ ......................

585
606
126
146
179

2 .............................................
3

....................

4
5 . ............................

112

6.................

Total........ .........................
Casing—Females:
District 1...............................

31

2 ............................................
3
4
5

......................

2 ............................................

3

4
5
6
Total..................................
Cutting or fresh-pork—Females:
District 1...............................

30

5.7
5.7
5.8

660
558
37

2,867

29

67

2,516

182
.230
60
16
117
39
644

5.8
5.7
5.2
4.3
5.6
5.8

156
194
41
4
95
-35

562
463
32
•178
125
162
1,522

5.7
5.7
5.8
5.8
5.8
5.8

32

31

5.6

5.7

55

525
450
402
30
159
111

149
17

137

1,301

5-8
5.6
5.9
5.8
5.3
5.7

......................

.........................

6
....................
Total........ .........................
Sausage—Males:
District 1..............................

2 ............................................

3
..................
4
......................
5
......................
6 . . ...........................




146
104
5
3
19

5.7
5.3
4.5
5.6
5.7

2 . .........................................

Total...........................

1,339

601
678
290
84
360
259
2,272

2 ............................................

5

253

31

101

5.7
5.7
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.9

3
......................
4
5
......................
6
....................
Total........ .........................
Lard and oleo oil—Males:
District 1..............................

3
4

124
27

697
782
373
105
467
284
30 I 2,708

2 ............ ...............................

3
......................
4
.
5
6
Total— ............................
Lard and oleo oil—Females:
District 1........ ......................

18
37
38

5.7

1,468
761
638

2 ..........................................

Districts 3 to 6 ....................
Total...... ...........................
Cutting or fresh-beef—Females:
Districts 3 to 6 .....................
Cutting or fresh-pork—Males:
District 1..............................

448
533
106

12

14

344

Total..................................
Cutting or fresh-beef—Males:
District 1............................

104
44

5.8
5.7
5.4
5.5
4.8

1,754
171
127
7
10
29

Number of employees whose starts (days)
in one week were—

31

814
426
134
108
164
157
1,803

5.8
5.7
5.5
5.8
5.8
5.9
5.8

728
376
107
98
142
147
30

23

34

91

1,597

31

SLAUGHTERING AND M EAT-PACKING INDUSTRY.

T a b le 8 .—N UM BER OF EM PLO Y EES W H O M ADE EACH CLASSIFIED N U M BE R OF
STARTS (D A Y S ON W H IC H E M PLO Y ED ) IN ONE W E E K IN 1921, B Y D E P A R T M E N T ,
S E X , A N D DISTRICT—Continued.
[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3,
St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo,
Cleveland, Cincinnatti, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]
Aver­
age
num­
ber of
Department, sex, and district.
Esstarts
tabEm­
lish- ployees. in one
week.
ments
Number of—

Number of employees whose starts (days) in
one week were—

1

2

4

3

Sausage—Females:

5

6

7

4
7
3
1

3
2
4
3
3

10
4
6
1
1
4

46
23
6
18
11
3

380
214
72
46
101
56

5

15

15

26

107

869

5.7
5.7
5.6
5.7
5.7
5.9

44
11
5
2
5
1

23
19
19
1
10
2

22
24
4
13
8

30
33
17
6
13
2

97
89
23
14
29
10

1,338
1,117
365
256
424
204

4
4

4,294

5.7

68

74

71

101

262

3,704

14

4
9
1
4
3
3

41
84
8
27
35
10

5.9
5.6
6.0
5.9
5.0
5.6

4

3

1
1

3
10

i

2
7
1

37
66
8
25
22
8

Total......................................
Canning—Males:
District 1................................
Districts 2 to 6 ........................

24

205

5.6

5

4

4

3

23

166

5
12

280
126

5.9
5.7

1
1

1
2

2
1

2

10
15

266
105

Total......................................
Canning—Females:
District 1................................
Districts 2 to 6.........................

17

406

5.9

2

3

3

2

25

371

5
9

316
250

5.7
5.4

1
9

1
10

12
10

51
54

251
167

Total......................................
Maintenance and repair—Males:
District 1........ ..............
2 ........ .
3 ........ .........................
4 ...................
5 ..................................
6 ........ .........................

14

566

5.6

10

11

22

105

418

7
10
3
4
4
5

2,453
1,485
303
317
489
274

5. 8
5. 8
5* 5
5.8
5.8
5.8

11
14
15
6
2
2

13
12
6
3
1
2

31
21
2
3
6
6

56
16
12
8
7
1

235
143
21
26
29
41

2,098
1,273
246
250
444
212

9
6
1
21

Total........ .............................

33

5,321

5.8

50

37

69

100

495

4,523

47

All departments— Males:
District 1..................................
2..................................
3.............................
4...............................
5
6..................................

7
10
3
4
4
5

10,668
8,657
1,997
1,982
2,909
1,900

5.7
5.7
3 *
*5
5.6
5.7
5. 5

129
102
37
22
22
12

170
112
93
35
28
19

163
160
66
58
48
23

211
163
61
116
66
246

1,234
673
151
180
429
203

8,741
7,436
1,585
1,547
2 314
l! 385

20
11
4
24
o
L
*
12

Total.........................
All departments—Females:
District 1.............. ....................
2...................................
3..................................
4..................................
C
J
6...................................

33

28,113

5.7

324

457

518

863

2. 870

23,008

73

7
10
3
4
4
5

1,246
887
210
263
456
131

5. 8
5.7
5. 4
5. 5
5.5
5.7

4
6
4

6
21
11
4
5
1

15
18
7
11
7
7

36
17
13
14
22
4

144
80
14
48
98
9

1,041
745
161
184
315
110

Total......................................
Grand total, males and
females..............................

33

3,193

5.7

25

48

65

106

393

2, 556

33

31,306

5.7

349

505

583

969

3,263

25,564

2 ..................................
3 ..................................
4 ..................................
5 ..................................
6..................................

5
9
3
4
4
4

443
251
92
71
117
63

5.8
5.7
5.5
5.4
5.8
5.8

1
1
2
1

Total........ .............................

29

1,037

5.7

2 ..................................
3..................................
4 ..................................
5..................................
6 ..................................

7
10
3
4
4
5

1,558
1,297
433
295
491
220

Total......................................

33

Cured-meat—Females:
District 1..................................
2 ..................................
3..................................
4 ..................................
5 ..................................
6 ..................................

Cured-meat—Males:




5

9

1

3
2
1

10

73

32

BULLETIN OE THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Table 9 shows for 1917 for each occupation in each department the
number of establishments and employees, average rate of wages and
earnings per hour, and average hours actually worked and earnings
actually received in one week; also for 1921 the number of establish­
ments and employees, average rate of wages per hour before and after
the reduction, average earnings per hour after the reduction, average
number of days on which employees worked in one week, average
basic or regular hours of operation per week, average hours actually
worked and earnings actually received in one week, and average full­
time earnings per week before and after the reduction of wages
(based on average rate of wages per hour and average basic or regular
hours of operation per week).
The 1917 average rate of wages per hour of males by occupation,
excluding the mechanical force, ranged from $0,702 for sheep or
calf butchers in the sheep and calf kflling department to $0,135 for
labelers in the lard and oleo oil department. The average rate for
females ranged from $0,232 for painters (cans, by hand) in the can­
ning department to $0,140 for tripe scalders and cookers in the offal
department and for packers in the canning department.
The 1921 average rate of wages per hour for males before the
reduction ranged from $1,412 for sheep or calf butchers in the sheep
and calf killing department to $0,410 for cap setters in the canning
department. The average rate for females ranged from $0,530 for
truckers in the casing department to $0,250 for truckers in the curedmeat department. The 1921 average rate for males after the reduc­
tion ranged from $1,396 for sheep or calf butchers in the sheep and
calf killing department to $0,330 for cap setters in the canning de­
partment. The average rate for females ranged from $0,450 for
truckers in the casing department to $0,250 for truckers in the
cured-meat department.




T a b l e 9 .-H 0 U R S , W AGES, AND EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES, B Y DEPARTM ENT, OCCUPATION, S E X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921.

C A T T LE -K IL L IN G D E PA R T M EN T .

1917

Occupation, sex, and district.

Aver­
Aver­
Aver­
age
Num­
age
age
hours
earn­ ber of
earn­ actu­
ings re­ estab­
ings
ally
lish­
per worked ceived
in one ments.
hour. in one week.
week.

6
14
4

29 $0,262 $0,264
30
.246
.246
8
.238
.235

55.6
58.9
52.4

$14.72
14.50
12.35

4
5
2
3
2

Average rate Aver­
of wages
age
Num­
per hour.
earn­
ber of
ings per
em­
hour
ploy­ Before After
after
ees. reduc­ reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.
tion.

9 $0,530 $0,450
11
.485
.529
4
.528
.468
4
.443
.417
2
.491
.491

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

Aver­ Aver­
Aver­
age
age
age
basic hours
earn­
or reg­ actu­
ings re­
ular
ally
ceived
hours worked
in one
per
in one week.
week. week.

$0.468
.488
.477
.419
.808

5.8
5.9
6.0
6.0
4.0

48.0
47.3
48.0
52.3
48.0

43.3
47.5
47.5
54.4
30.0

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

$20.23 $25.78
23.16 25.02
22.67 25.34
22.79 21.49
24.25 23.57

$21.60
22.94
22.46
21.81
23.57

24

67

.252

.253

56.7

14.33

16

30

.515

.464

.484

5.8

48.3

46.0

22.24

24.62

22.41

7
13
5
5
8
2

15
19
5
7
10
2

.291
.288
.322
.295
.296
.238

.289
.289
.326
.291
.294
.288

47.9
50.3
50.9
51.3
51.5
51.5

13. 86
14.55
16.58
14.95
15.12
14.83

6
9
4
3
4
1

10
11
4
3
4
1

.599
.597
.610
.595
.551
.600

.519
.516
.530
.515
.486
.600

.530
.527
1.534
.577
.485
1.224

5.6
6.0
i 6.0
5.0
5.5
4.0

47.7
47.3
48.0
48.0
51.1
48.0

44.9
44.9
i 46.7
39.2
44.4
23.5

23.76
23.63
i 24.92
22.60
21.50
28.77

28.57
28.24
29.28
28.56
27.16
28.80

24.76
24.41
25.44
24.72
24.83
28.80

....................................

Total................................................................

40

58

.292

.294

50.1

14.70

27

33

.593

.517

i .539

i 5.7

48.0

143.8

123.59

28.35

24.82

Shacklers or slingers—Males:
District 1............................................................
2 ............................................................
3 ............................................................
4 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
6 ............................................................

5
11
1
5
3
5

13
14
1
11
3
6

.246
.268
.300
.232
.258
.334

.248
.268
.300
.227
.260
.465

46.5
50.8
55.0
44.9
55.3
43.4

11.52
13. 63
16.50
10.19
14.44
20.17

6
9
2
1
4
2

11
13
2
]
5
2

.549
.549
.598
.530
.480
.711

.469
.469
.518
.450
.445
.711

.477
. 476
.523
.450
.445
1.158

5.2
5.6
5.5
6.0
5.6
4.0

47.7
46.8
48.0
48.0
51.4
48.0

38.8
42.2
42.3
40.5
44.3
29.5

18.51
20.08
22.12
18.22
19. 71
34.15

26.19
25.69
28.70
25.44
23.23
34.13

22.37
21.95
24.86
21.60
22.87
34.13

Total................................................................

30

48

' '. 262

.276

47.8

13.20

24

34

.552

.482

.502

5.4

47.9

40.6

20.41

26.22

INDUSTRY,

Total......................................................
Knockers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2 .......................................................
3 .............................................................
4 ............................................................
5
6 .....................................................

MEAT-PACKING

..................................

Aver­
Num­
ber of age
rate of
em­
wages
ploy­ per
ees. hour.

AD
N

Drivers and penners—Males:
............................................
District 1 . . .
2 .............................................................
4 .............................................................
5
6 ..................................................

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

1921

SLAUGHTERING

62480°— 22—Bull. 294-

[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

23.09

i Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.




CO
CO

T able 9 .—HOURS, W AG ES, AND EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES, B Y D EPAR TM EN T, OCCUPATION, S E X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AN D 1921—Continued.

Qo

CATTLE-KILLIN G D EPAR TM EN T— Continued.
[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Average rate Aver­
age
of wages
Num­
earn­
per hour.
ber of
ings per
em­
hour
ploy­
after
Before After
ees.
reduc­ reduc­ reduc­
tion.
tion. tion.

2 S . 334 10.576
O

34.5

119.89

2

2 $0,645 $0,645

5
6
2

7
9
2

.393
.395
.300

.390
.393
.300

53.6
52.2
47.3

20.93
20.51
14.18

4
8
1
3
4

.706
. 673
.595
.668
.628

Aver­ Aver­
Aver­
age
age
age
basic hours _ earn­
or reg­ actu­
ally ings re­
ular
hours worked ceived
per
in one in one
week.
week. week.

SI. 031

4.0

48.0

30.0

.626
.588
.515
.588
550

.633
.599
.515
.692
.549

5.8
5.8
2.0
4.7
5.3

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
51.1

43.3
43.1
16.0
34.2
46.1
41.1

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

$30.96

27.40
25.81
8.24
23.63
25.32

33.89
32.30
28.56
32.06
30.96

30.05
28.22
24.72
28.22
28.11

24. 83

32.17

28.38
29.37
28.36
29.52
28.56
30.19
29.86

9

9

.312

.312

45.4

14.17

4
4
1
2
4

Total...............................................
Headers—Males:
District 1.....................................
.............
2 ............................................................
3 .............................................................
4 ..........................
5
6............................................................

22

27

.360

.361

49.9

18.04

15

20

.666

.584

.605

5.3

48.6

6
15
8
5
7
5

18
28
13
14
8
9

.381
.375
.390
.388
.326
.305

.373
.377
.393
.386
.327
.497

54.6
50.2
50.5
56.3
53.3
39.4

20.38
18.91
19.88
21. 69
16.90
19.57

6
8
4
2
1
2

15
20
7
4
2
5

.697
.688
.695
.675
.575
.622

.617
.606
.615
.595
.575
.622

.627
.612
1.626
.602
.570
1.033

5.7
5.8
15.8
5.8
4.0
4.0

47.6
46. 8
48.0
48.0
52.5
48.0

26.32
42.0
42. 4
25.93
i 45.0 i 28.16
44.3
26.64
16.38
28.8
28.9 29.85

33.18
32.20
33.36
32.40
25.88
29.86

Total................................................................
Droppers and pritchers-up—Males:
District 1...................
...............................
2 ............................................................
3 ...................
...................
4 .............................................................
5 ...
6...................
.................

46

90

.369

.384

51.3

19.71

23

53

.680

.610

1.645

15.5

47.6

140.9

i 26.36

32.16

29.04

6
14
4
4
3
4

14
24
5
9
4
6

.256
.260
.274
.247
.244
.227

.254
262
.291
.248
.247
.357

61.3
47.8
£9.8
51.4
39.9
38.6

15.60
12.52
11. 58
12.72
9. 85
13. 76

5
10
2
4
4
2

15
15
2
4
6
5

.548
.613
.565
.538
.499
.515

.468
.527
.485
.458
. 445
.515

.477
.544
* .602
.484
.451
.834

5.3
5.5
10.0
5.3
5.7
4.0

4 w0
8
47. 5
48.0
48.0
50. 8
48.0

19.62
41.1
39. 8
21.63
1 45.0 i 27.08
39.9
19.30
42.4
19.14
29.9
24.94

26.30
29.12
27.12
25.82
24.10
24.72

22.46
25.03
23.28
21. 98
22.61
24.72

35

62

.254

.266

49.3

13.12

27

47

.559

.489

i .528

i 5.3

48.2

139.6

26.78

23.57

....................................

.................................

Total..........................




...............

i 20.93

STATISTICS.

$30.93 $30.96

O LABOR
F

2

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

BUEEAU

Stickers—Males:
District 1.................... ........................................
2 .................................
3 ............................................................
4 ............................................................
5 ............................

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

TH
E

Head holders—Males:
District 6.............................................................

Aver­
Aver­
Aver­ Aver­
age
Num­
age
age
hours
age
ber of
, earn­
earn­ actu­
em­ rate of
wages ings
ally ings re­
ploy­
per worked ceived
per
ees.
hour. hour. in one in one
week.
week.

O
F

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

Occupation, sex, and district.

1921

BULLETIN

1917

4
12
2
4
4
3

14
32
6
18
7
3

.265
.279
.205
.239
.261
.253

.267
.278
.295
.290
.259
.348

52.5
48,0
44* 8
52.8
47.0
46.2

14.00
13.32
13.21
15.33
12.16
16.07

4
9
4
2
4

8
24
6
3
7

.561
.546
.591
.550
.598

.481
.466
.511
.470
.535

.487
.466
1 .504
.470
.540

5.5
5.7
1 4.4
6.0
5.3

48.0
47.0
48.0
48.0
49.9

41,7
41.5
i 34.3
42.0
39.6

20.29
19.32
1 17.30
19.74
21. 41

26.93
25,66
28.37
26.40
28.52

23.09
21.90
24.53
22.56
26.70

29

80

.277

.281

49.5

13.89

23

48

.562

.485

1.484

i 6.5

47.8

140.5

119.61

26.70

23.18

2 .............................................................
3 .............................................................
4 .............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

7
15
7
5
7
4

29
56
10
23
12
12

.306
.309
.324
.300
.292
.296

.301
.313
.346
.295
.297
.450

53.7
48.6
49.2
54.4
51.8
40.5

16.18
15.24
17.01
16.02
15.35
18.21

6
10
4
4
4
2

16
36
8
10
8
11

.605
.584
.621
.578
674
.600

.532
.525
.504 ' .512
.541
i .547
.498
.531
.591
.587
.600
1.000

5.4
5.4
i 5.4
5.1
5.3
4.0

47. 8
47.3
48.0
48. 0
49.1
4a o

40.2
21.37
40.6
20.79
i 41.3 i 22. 59
39.1
20.75
40.6
24.02
28 8
28.78

28.92
27.62
29. 81
27.74
31.88
28.80

25.10
23.84
25.97
23.90
2a 82
2a 80

Total................................................................

45

141

.306

.318

50,2

15.95

30

89

.600

.530

i .574

15.2

47.8

i 38.9

i 22.33

28.56

25.33

SLAUGHTERING

2
1
1

.600
.770
.525

.520
.690
.400

.520
.690
.400

6.0
6.0
6.0

48.0
4a o
44 0

40.0
42.0
45.0

20.80
28.98
18.00

28. 80
36,96
23.10

24.96
33.12
17.60

AD
N
MEAT-PACKING

Foot skinners—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2 .............................................................
3.............................................................
4............................................................
5.............................................................
6
................
Total................................................................
Leg breakers—Males:

Rippers-open—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2 .............................................................
5.............................................................
Total................................................................
Gullet raisers—Males:
District I .............................................................
2 ............................ ...............................
4 .............................................................
5 .............................................................

4

.315

.343

449

15.41

3

4

.315

.343

44.9

15.41

3

4

.624

.533

.530

6.0

47.0

41.8

22.15

29.33

25.05

3
2

5
2

.248
.253

.243
.253

47.5
60.0

11.53
15.17

4
7
1
2

8
7
1
2

.548
.554
. 550
.513

.468
.474
.470
.450-

.477
.478
.470
.451

48.0
46.9
48.0
54.0
48.2

42.4
39.7
40.5
45.8
41.6

20.22
18.98
19.03
20.59

26.30
25.98
26.40
27.70

19.71

26.37

22.46
22.23
22.56
24 30
22.61

38.8
39.9
46.5
39.9
35.5
29.0
38.7

21.02
20.68
24 18
20.15
16.57
30.90

30.67
28.30
28.80
26.69
24.30
24.86

21.08

27.04

26.83
24.51
24.96
22. 85
23.12
24.86
24.67

42. 7
35. 59
42. 9
35.19
1 45. 9 i 37.16
40. 8
35. 08
44.1
28. 87
26.2
42.06
i 41.8- i 35.45

43.11
42.75
43. 20
43. 20
34.16
76.99

39. 28
38.95
39.36
39.36
32.92
76.99

44.64

41. 23

Total.................................................................
Caul pullers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6 .............................................................

5

7

.249

.246

51.1

12. 57

14

18

.547

.469

.474

5.3
5.4
6.0
6.0
5.4

6
13
3
4
3
4

.317
.320
.317
.303
.300
.242

.313
.318
.330
.304
.300
.370

57.4
48.6
38.8
53.7
51.8
39.0

17.98
15.45
12.81
16.31
15.55
14.42

.639
.597
.600
.556
.517
.518

.559
.517
.520
.476
.467
.518

.542
.519
.520
.505
.467
1.066

5.0
5.5
6.0
'5.3
5.7
4.0

48.0
47.4
48.0
48.0
49.5
48.0

33

.308

.318

50.1

15.96

4
9
1
4
2
2
22

6
13
1
4
3
2

Total................................................................

13
20
3
6
3
5
50

29

.568

. 515

.545

5.3

47.9

45
79
15
32
16
13

.550
.566
.569
.555
.411
.922

50.4
48. 8
43.9
54.0
61. 8
36.6

27.70
27.44
24.93
29. 89
22.32
32.65

6
10
4
4
4
2

41
49
7
9
8
8

49.1

27. 63

30

122

.820
. 820
.820
.820
.638
1.604
.859

5.6
5. 9
i 6.0
5.3
5.3
3.8

.572

.900
.900
.900
.900
.686
1.604
.932

.833
. 820
1.809
.860
.655
1.606

200

.550
.563
.567
.553
.431
.893
.563

1.848

15.6

47.9
47.5
48.0
48.0
51.6
48.0
48.0

Floormen or siders—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................
Total................................................................

7
15
8
5
12
5
52

i Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.




INDUSTRY,

3

1
1
1

C
o
O
i

T a b l e 9 .—HOURS, W AG ES, AN D EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES, B Y D EPARTM ENT, OCCUPATION, S E X , A N D DISTRICT 1917 AND 1921— Continued.

CO
CD

CATTLE-K ILLIN G D EPAR TM EN T—Continued.
[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Occupation, sex, and district.

5.7
5.6
(2)
5.5
5.7
4.0

48.0
46.9
48.0
48.0
49.5
48.0

44.0
42.3
(2)
40.3
41.3
30.0

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc
tion. tion.

4

.268

.433

34.3

14.84

43

.291

.298

50.9

15.20

20

32

.576

.504

1.526

15.5

47.6

141.8

122.00

27.30

23.99

Crotch breaker^—Males:
District 1 ............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

3
8
1
3

4
9
1
6

.260
.275
.297
.253

.260
.274
.297
.254

50.5
52.6
46.0
53.6

13.46
14. 38
13. 64
13.59

4
7
1
1
2
2

6
10
1
1
2
2

.588
.575
.625
.535
.500
.532

.508
.495
.545
.455
.413
.532

.511
.504
.501
.476
.413
1.120

5.5
5.9
6.0
6.0
6.0
4.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
46.0
48.0

42.3
44.9
45.0
54.0
46.3
28.0

21.62
22.64
22.53
25.68
19.09
31.35

28.22
27.60
30.00
25. 68
23.00
25.54

24. 38
23.76
26.16
21. 84
19.00
25.54

Total................................................................

15

20

.266

.268

52.1

13. 94

17

22

.568

.495

.532

5.6

47.8

43.2

22.97

27.15

23. 66

Hoisters—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6___
u .
.
...................

'3
13
2
5
4
3

18
36
4
19
5
7

.251
.262
.340
.233
.250
.233

.252
.260
.337
.233
.254
.408

50.1
51.6
*53. 5
47.7
46.8
33.5

12.63
13. 43
18.05
11.13
11.90
13.70

5
10
4
3
3
2

30
35
7
6
6
7

.555
.542
.613
.518
.453
.522

.475
.462
.533
.438
.393
.522

.482
.466
539
.473
.400
.942

5.5
5.6
15.8
4.8
4.8
4.0

48.0
47.3
48.0
48.0
50.8
48.0

42.8
20.63
19. 74
42.3
1 44. 3 1 23. 89
18.12
38.3
13. 55
33.8
25.37
26.9

26.64
25.64
29.42
24.86
22.42
25.06

22.80
21. 85
25.58
21.02
19.96
25.06

Total.................................................................

30

89

.254

.264

48.9

12.92

27

91

.543

.470

1.498

15.4

47.9

140.6

25.96

22.51

$22.52 $28.08
21.68 27.39
26. 88
(2)
19.02 26.54
19.19 24.30
28.78 28.80

1 20.23

$24.24
23.64
23.04
22.70
23.12
28.80

STATISTICS.

4
28

10 $0.585 $0.505
.504
14
.584
1
.480
.560
2
.473
.553
.467
.517
3
2
.600
.600

O LABOR
P

$0.512
.513
(2)
.473
.464
.959

Aver­
age
earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

BUREAU

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week.

Total................................................................




$14.86
16.18
8.34
15.57

Aver­
age
basic
or reg­
ular
hours
per
week.

4
9
2i
2
2
2

5
13
2
4

52.2
53.2
28.8
57.5

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

TH
E

12 $0.290 $0,285
16
.304
.309
2
.281
.290
9
.271
.271

Average rate Aver­
of wages
age
Num­ Num­
per hour.
earn­
ber of ber of
ings per
estab­ em­
hour
lish­ ploy­
After after
ments. ees. Before
reduc­ reduc­ reduc­
tion.
tion. tion.

O
E

Breast or brisket breakers and sawyers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

Aver­ Aver­
age
Num­ Num­ Aver­ Aver­
age
age
hours earn­
ber of ber of age
rate of earn­ actu­ ings re­
estab­ em­
ally
lish­ ploy­ wages ings
ceived
per worked in one
per
ments. ees.
hour. hour. in one week.
week.

BULLETIN

1921

1917

Tail rippers and pullers—Males:
District 1..................................

.250
.281
.362
.259
.258
.260

2...................................

.284
.247

2 ....................

5...................
Total..
Rumpers—Males:
District 1........

40

.575

19.50
19.64
30.25
15.33
22.14
26.97

26.16
26.54
35.28
25.82
27.41
26.98

40.0

20.91

27.11

22.32
22.75
31.44
21.98
24.78
26.98
23.81

5.0

48.0

40.0

23.00

31.44

27.60

6.0

.575

44.0

55.0

24. 75

25.52

23.8

28.43

19.80
23.60
34.03
33.25
37.49
34.32
30.75
34.13

.257

48.6

12. 51

.618

. 513.

.503

5.5

46.0

47.5

49.9
52.3
48.1
51.3
56.2
31.4

22.95
24.39
22.82
23.62
22. 47
24.05

47.8
47.1
48.0
48.0
50.5
48.0

39.9
43.6
148.3
48.1
49.4
28.0

28.53
30.97
i 39.31
36.95
30.01
41.72

37.86
37.02
42.14
38.16
33.32
34.13

23.57

.712
.706
.781
.715
.609
.711
.712

5.2
5.9
15.9
5.4
5.8
4.0

50.4

.792
.786
.878
.795
.680
.711
.791

.716
.710
i .814
.768
.607
1.490

.449

.460
.466
.474
.461
.400
.767
. 468

1.743

15.6

47.8

i 43.8

132.52

37.73

34.03

.329
.338
.340
.333

54.4
47.5
53.3
52.1

17.93
16.06
18.12
17.33

37.8
50.9

25.36

. 556
.535
.550
.537
.600
.667
.553

.563
.540
.562
.538
.600
1.453

5.2
5.6
6.0
6.0
5.0
4.0

48.0
47.2
48.0
48.0
52.5
48.0

38.9
39.8
47.0
46.2
37.0
28.0

21.90
21.48
26.40
24.86

.671
.340

.636
.615
.630
.617
.600
.667
.625

40.80

30.53
29.03
30.24
29.62
27.00
32.02

47.6

39.1

23.33

29.69

26.69
25.25
26.40
25.78
31.50
32.02
26.32

.257
.272
.265
.242

.257'
.271
.265
.244

52.0
51.0
56.0
54.5

13. 38
13.83
14.84
13.31

5‘. 2
5.5

.574
.447

.440

36.0

15.84

38.6
40.9
45.0
33.2
38.7
33.5

18.09
19.61
21.09
19.05
17.30
29.07

26.20
27.12
27.65
22.63
25.78

22.42
22.42
23.28
23. 81
22.95
25.78

.267

51.5

13.74

.506

4.0
5.3
4.7
5.2

48.0
47.2
48.0
48.0
51.0
48.0

261

. 467
.475
.485
.496
.450
.537
.478

.469
.480

.253

.547
.555
.565
.576
.492
.537
.550

47.8

38.8

19.65

26.13

22. 85

.496
.512
.492
.521
.405

.494
.511
.502
.521
.430
.745

51.5
49.2
45.4
55.3
55.9
41.6

25.48
25.13
22.82
28.80
24.03
31.01

.834
.832
.848
.853
.742
2.067

.754
.752
.768
.773
.668
2.067

.764
.751
i .778
.835
.667
2.067

5.7
5.8
i 6.0
5.0
5.8
3.7

48.0
47.6
48.0
48.0
51.1
48.0

43.1
43.0
146.0
39.7
49.5
23.5

32.91
32.28
i 35.80
33.12
33.03
48.57

40.03
39.60
40.70
40.94
36.58
99.22

36.19
35. 80
36.86
37.10
34.13
99.22

.517

.511

50.3

25.71

.965

.895

i .839

1 5 .5

48.1

1 41.3

134.64

i. 22

43.05

6
Total..
Fell pullers and beaters—Males:
District 1...................................

28

2 .....................................
3
4
5

12

22

Backers—Males:
District 1___
15
5
4

5
43

30

51

17.30

28

1Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.

54

.597

2

6
.0

Two-week establishment.

22.20

INDUSTRY.

.258

MEAT-PACKING

3
4
5




.655

40.7
40.6
45.8
33.3
45.8
30.8

.335

65

2 .............

Total.

11.01
14.01

.495

4.7
5.5
4.0
5.2

48.0
47.3
48.0
48.0
51.1
48.0
48.1

AD
N

Total..
Fell cutters—Males:
District 1.............

3
4
5

44.
52.

.566

5.1
5.4

6
.0

.327
.341
.339
.338

.
.

2 . . . .

.246
.267

31

15. 57

.479
.483
.661
.460
.484
.875

.458
.467
.464
.452
.389
.395

10

6

Total..........

54. 8

.465
.481
.655
.458
.485
.562

.450

2 ........
3
4
5

.545
.561
.735
.538
.556
.562

15.15
15.04
22.67
14.60
15.36
15. 72

.249
.282
.424

SLAUGHTERING

3
4
5
6
Total.......................
Bung droppers—Males:
District 1...................

CO

T a b l e 9 .—H 0U R S, W AG ES, AN D EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES, B Y DEPARTM EN T, OCCUPATION, S E X , A N D DISTRICT, 1917 A N D 1921— Continued.

CATTLE-KILLIJSfG D E PAR TM EN T—Continued.

03

0
0

[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Occupation, sex, and district.

Num­
ber of
em­
ploy­
ees.

Aver­
Aver­
Aver­
age
age
age
hours earn­
earn­ actuings re­
ings
ceived
per A
hour. in one in one
week. week.

46

87

.321

Shank skinners—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2 .............................................................
4 .............................................................

2
6
2

9
8
4

$0,559
.527
i .595
.559
.533
1.198

5.5
5.7
15.0
5.0
5.4
4.0

47.8
47.2
48.0
48.0
50.5
48.0

41.8 $23.36 $30.35
41.8
22.02 28.56
1 38.5 1 22.91 30.34
38.4
21.48 28.70
41.4
22.06 29.01
28.0
33.54 29. 81

Aver­
age
#earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

$17.18
15.68
17.36
16.12
16.71
16.94

2

.326

50.5

16.45

29

55

.615

.543

1.581

15.4

47.9

l 40.0

123.28

29.34

26.01

.339
.286
.295

.333
.284
.291

55.3
53.3
60.5

18.46
15.14
17.61

2
2
1

3
3
1

.657
.638
.675

.577
.558
.595

.597
.551
.595

6.0
5.3
6.0

48.0
45.3
48.0

49.0
41.5
40.5

29.24
22.88
24.09

31.54
28.90
32.40

27.70
25.28
28.56

44.6 | 25.78

30.53

26.78

33.29
32.61
34.51
32.50
32.24
72.77

29.46
28.77
30.48
28.66
30.55
72.77

4
4
4

$26.53
24. 78
26.50
24.86
26.82
29.81

Total................................................................

10

21

.311

.307

55.5

17.03

5

7

.651

.571

.578

5.7

46.9

Hide droppers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2............................................................
3............................................................
4............................................................
5............................................................
6............................................................

6
14
6
5
7
4

25
33
8
14
10
8

.376
.385
.388
.400
.345
.637

.377
.384
.421
.412
.343
.585

46.6
53.2
51.0
56.5
56.2
37.2

17.54
20. 43
21.48
23.27
19.26
21.78

6
10
4
4
4
2

22
26
7
6
5
6

.695
.688
.719
.677
.658
1. 516

.615
.607
.635
.597
.605
1.516

.615
.611
1.644
.604
.603
1.504

5.4
5.7
15.8
5.0
5.6
4.0

47.9
47.4
48.0
48.0
50.5
48.0

40.5
42.1
146.4
42.6
46.3
28.0

24.88
25.75
129.90
25.71
27.92
42.10

Total................................................................

42

98

.401

.397

50.8

20.17

30

72

.759

.687

1.666

15.4

47.9

141.1

127.36

36.28

32.91

Tail sawyers—Males:
District 1............................................................
2.............................................................
3............................................................

6
13
5

21
33
7

.312
.313
.323
.327
.336 1 .333

55.8
50.2
53.5

17.43
16.22
17.79

6
10
4

17
19
6

.628
.604
.644

.548
.524
.568

.554
.525
1.566

5.5
5.9
15.2

47.6
47.2
48.0

41.0
44.4
140.3

22.72
23.33
122.81

29.89
28.51
30.91

26.08
24.73
27.26




STATISTICS.

53.1
48.9
51.3
51.6
52.7
44.5

6
9

15 $0,635 $0,555
19
.605
.525
.632
6
.552
6
.598
.518
5
.592
.531
4
.621
.621

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week.

LABOE

Total.................................................................

4.......................................................

5 ..........................................................
6..........................................................

Aver­
age
basic
or reg­
ular
hours
per
week.

O
F

21 $0.325 $0.323
.329
.321
31
.334
.338
8
.316
.313
13
.320
.317
7
.273
.381
7

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

Average rate Aver­
age
of wages
Num­
earn­
per hour.
ber of
ings per
em­
hour
ploy­
Before After after
ees.
reduc­ reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.
tion.

BUEEAU

7
15
7
5
7
5

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

THE

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
hour.

O
F

Gutters—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2 ............................................................
3 .............................................................

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

B ULUS T
IN

1921

1917

.322
.290
.375

9
$

Total.
Splitters—Males:
District 1___

.322

51.9
50.1
35.8

16.21
14.31
2152

51.4

.313

16.6

.602

29

.617

118

.600

.591

50.6

29.89

13
20
5

.350
.382
.351
.377
.305
.365

.357
.376
.355
.368
.305
.361

50-7
52.8
53.0
49.8
54.1

18.10
19.87
18.81
18.34
16.52

.690

51.9

.251
.272
.305
.253

.249
.307
.250

.259

.427

.266

.271

.260
.284
.291
.273
.271

6
Total.
Chuck splitters—Males:
District 1...................

2 ....................
3
4
5

Total.......................
Scribers—Males:
District 1...................

Total.
Trimmers (bruises, rounds, skirts, and tails)Males:
District 1..........................................................

29

38

2 ............................................................
3
4
5

.900
.900
.919
.900
.720
1.806
29

Total..

33

58

i 24.16

29.62

26.26

5.7
5.9

47.9
47.2
48.0
48.0
49.2
48.0

42.7
43.7
148.8
40.8
45.1
28.1

35.56
36.49
i 42.66
35.55
29.18
50.79

43.02
42.48
44.11
43.20
34.63

39.20
38.70
39.94
39.36
31.93

47.8

142.9

136.63

44.36

40.87

47.6
47.3
48.0
48.0
49.7
47.9

41.0
43.4
35.3
40.0
46.6

25.28
26.39
21.93
23.20
26.53

29.04
28.38
29.28
27.84
28. “
28

42.6

25.68

32.84
32.16
33.12
31.68
31.38
32.23

48.0
47.1
48.0
48.0
46.0
48.0

45.1
42.9
46.0
40.9
47.3
28.0

22.00
21.06
24.36

26,21
26.80
29.14
25.73
22.86
27.17

47.6

42.8

26.51

22.37
23.03
25.30
21.89
19.55
27.17
22.99

5.6
5.5
5.0

48.0
47.3
48.0
48.0
48.1
48.0

20.40
20.18
24.13
23.49
18.44
30.50

47.7

42.2
41.9
45.5
46.0
39.6
42.0
42.6

20.87

26.45
26.30
29.14
25.63
23.98
26.88
26.23

22.61
22.51
25.30
21.79
22.41
26.88
22.56

4.0
5.8

6.0
5.6
5.6

48.0
46.9
48.0
48.0
51.2

32.8
44.3
50.0
45.2
47.9

26.35
26.12
43.09
27.37
25.21

40.99
30.95
44.40
31.49
32.97

37.15
27.53
40.56
28.42
27.60

5.5

47.8

26.65

32.74

29.11

i 6.0

5.4
5.6
3.5

1 .855

.660
.651

5.7
5.9
4.5
5.0
5.6

18.74

.677

.597

<<
602

5.7

62.5
56.4
44.5
63.2

15.54
1&17
13.68
15.78

6.4

15.51
15.26

.466
.489
.527
.456
.425
. 566

.487
.490
..530
.494
.425
.970
.513

5.7
5.8

36.3

.546
.569
.607
. 536
.497
.566

.259
.282
.290
.271
.271

54.9
53.1
61.8
57.2
54.5

14.23
14.98
17.91
15.52
14.77

.273

54.7

22

27

27.01
20.25
20.96
15.77
19.07
14.50

341

.345

45.5
59.9
55.6
58.0
53.6
42.7
56.3

19.42

.557

.551
.556
.607
.534
.518
.560

14.92

.594
.338
.377
.272
.356
.340

1 Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.




i 42.0

.617
.608
.622

.275

3
4
5

48.0

5.5

.832
.835
i .874
.872
.647
1.800

1 5. 5

.610
.600
.610
.580
.569

.523
.341
.378
.270
.351
.281

2..............

.820
.832

.930

6
Total.
Utility men—Males:
District 1.............

.820

42.5

100

.471
.476

.5 1
2
.454
.466
.560

.483
.482
.530
.510
.465
.726

19

37

.551

.473

.854
.660
.925
.656
.644

.774
.587

.805

.592
.539

.606
#526

.685

.608

6
.0
5.3
6.0
4.0

5.3

5.6

6.0

47.0
30.2

20.21

20.09
27.16
21.92

25.06
24.47
33.50

28.60

INDUSTRY.

27.72
28.83
28.24
3103
24.24
43.98

1.579

48.0
51.3
48.0

MEAT-PACKING

50.6
51.0
51.4
56.1
54,3
37.8

.547

22.72 ( 28.90
22.26 27.86
35.86 133.50

5.5
5.8
4.0

AD
N

.565.
.560
.571
.447
1.164

3___
4 ....
5

.534
.474

SLAUGHTERIN'G

.550
.566
.548
.571
.420
1.216

2 ___

.477

.522

03
C
D

T a b l e 9 .— HOURS, W AGES, AND EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES, B Y DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, S E X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AN D 1921—Continued.

CA TTLE -K ILLIN G DEPARTM EN T—Concluded.

O

[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Occupation, sex, and district.

Average rate Aver­
of wages
age
Num­ Num­
earn­
per hour.
ber of ber of
ings per
estab­ em­
hornlish­ ploy­
Before After after
ments. ees.
reduc­ reduc­ reduc­
tion.
tion. tion.

$12.73
12.08
12.06
10.46
12.30
12.23

6
10
4
4
3
2

Total..............................................................
Butchers, general—Males:
District 3.......................................................
4.......................................................
5.........................................................

44

356

.233

.236

51.4

12.14

29

216

.525

2
2
7

3
2
25

.344
.470
.374

.344
.468
.388

53.3
55.8
45.6

18.33
26.14
17.71

Total.... .........................................................
Tonguers—Males:
District 1..........................................................
2.............................................................
3...........................................................
4.............................................................

11

30

.377

.390

47.1

18.34

6
13
6
5

16
30
10
14
13
2

.259
.304
.302
.287
.317
.244

.253
.287
.307
.285
.316
.389

51.6
56.1
44.2
51.4
44.9
37.5

13.05
16.09
13. 55
14.62
14.20
14.60

2
4
2
1
4
1

2
7
2
1
4
1

Total..............................................................
Laborers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................

43

85

.293

.288

50.9

14.65

14

6
15
7
5

140
243
37
159

.231
.238
.258
.221

.232
.239
.262
.222

50.9
48.8
43.7
48.4

11.78
11.67
11.46
10.72

5
10
3
4

Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.




71 $0.535 $0.455
.454
.534
89
16
.543
.463
14
.420
.500
.395
13
.466
13
.480
.480

$0.462
.460
i .480
.474
.394
.728

5.1
5.6
15.8
5.4
5.5
4.0

48.0
47.4
48.0
48.0
48.8
48.0

38.9 $17.97 $25.68
42.0
19.33 25.31
1 44.4 1 21.32 26.06
41.6
19.75 24.00
36.9
14.52 21.67
31.8
23.17 23.04

$21.84
21.52
22.22 '
20.16
19.28
23.(54

.451

i .473

15.3

47.8

140.1

1 18.96

24.99

21.56

.662
.736
.590
.535
.552
.552

.583
.636
.510
.455
.476
.552

.589
.580
1.531
.587
.475
.726

5.0
5.4
1 6.0
4.0
5.3
4.0

48.0
46.9
48.0
48.0
51.1
48.0

39.0
39.0
1 46.5
31.0
42.6
36.5

22.99
22.63
1 24.70
18.20
20.26
26.50

31.78
34.52
28.32
25.68
27.21
26.50

27.98
29.83
24.48
21.84
24.28
26.50

17

.644

.562

1.558

15.2

48.3

139.7

1 22.18

30.78

27.14

99
173
25
26

.529
.533
.532
.509

.450
.453
.452
.429

.459
.456
i. 467
.449

4.9
5.3
1 3.6
5.5

48.0
47.4
48.0
48.0

38.0
39.4
128.1
46.4

17.44
17.98
1 13.09
20.85

25.39
25.26
25.54
24.43

21.60
21.47
21.70
20.59

STATISTICS.

55.7
50.4
45.6
49.3
50.2
40.1

Average full­
time earnings
per week.

O LABOR
F

135 $0,228 $0,229
106
.239
.240
34
.260
.265
.212
45
.210
.246
21
.250
15
.211
.305

Aver­ Aver­
Aver­
age
age
age
basic hours
earn­
actu­
or reg­
ings re­
ular
ally
ceived
hours worked
per
in one in one
week. week.
week.

BUREAU

7
14
8
4
6
5

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

TH
E

Aver­ Aver­
Aver­ Aver­
age
Num­ age
age
age
ber of rate of earn­ hours #earn­
actu­
ings re­
ally
wages ings
ploy- per
per worked ceived
ees. hour. hour. in one in one
week. week.

O
F

Washers and wipers—Males:
District 1.......................: ....................................
2.............................................................
3...........................................................
4.........................................................
5.........................................................
6.............................................................

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

1921

BULLETIN

1917

5
6
Total................................................................

24.76

21.61

39.3
34.6
7.5
38.4
44.7
28.6

18.45
16.10
3.38
18.46
18.39
23.81

26.26
25.82
25.44
23.90
22.09
23. 57

22.42
21.98
21.60
20.06
20.05
23.57

48.1

36.3

18.09

25.10

21.93

5.0
5.5
5.8
5.5

48.0
48.0
53.8

37.9
36.5
48.1

22.27
21.84
16.64

18.43
18.00
15.66

50.7

42.4

15.21
13.89
13. 81
14.36

20.03

17.24

.34fr
.356
.351

5.0
6.0
4.0

48.0
48.0
52.5

40.0
45.5
33.5

13.60
16.21
11.75

20.16
20.16
15.75

16.32
16.32
18.38

.341

.348

5.3

48.6

41.3

14.35

19.56

16.57

44.6 $21.13 $25.82
40.2
18.40 25.30
1 39.0 1 17.99 24.82
37.1
16.80 24.58
43.3
17.32 22.19
51.9
24.85 29.76
1 42.1 1 18.99 24.98

$21.98
21.55
20.98
20.74
20.10
26.19

.239
.307

44.’ 6
40.9

10.66
12. 55

3
2

31
55

.448
.498

.382
.498

.382
.590

5.4
5.1

48.7
48.0

47

724

.232

.238

47.8

11.39

27

409

.519

.452

1.471

15.1

47.8

6
8
3
5
6
4
32

16
21
5
17
19
25

.242
.244
.249
.215
.231
.210

51.3
44.0
38.4
48.4
44.8
32.6

12.48
10. 73
9.91
10.53
10.55
10.77

4
7
1
4
2
2

19
18
1
6
5
7

43.0

10.90

20

56

.467
.458
.450
.418
.410
.491
.456

.470
.466
.450
.481
.411
.831
.499

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
48.9
48.0

.228

.547
.538
.530
.498
.466
.491
.524

5.1
4.7
1.0
4.8
6.0
4.0

103

.243
.244
.258
.217
.236
.331
.254

4.8

2
1

9
5

.148
.175

.148
.175

54.9
41.4

8.14
7.24

3

14

.158

.156

50.1

7.82

1
1
2
4

5
2
6
13

.464
.455
.317
.395

.384
.375
.291
.340

.401
.380
.287
.339

1

2

.150

.150

60.0

9.00

1
1
1

4
3
1

.420
.420
.350

.340
.340
.350

1

2

.150

.150

60.0

7.00

3

8

.411

39.7
43.1

18.60
23.90

HOG-KILLING D EPAR TM ENT.

Total................................................................
Shacklers— Males:
District 1.............................................................
2............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5............................................................
6............................................................
Total................................................................

8
17
10
5
11
4

464 $0.232 $0.234
.236
.237
418
145
.243
.246
78
.205
.208
.241
.244
213
38
.264
.265

51.1
43.5
48.5
41.0
44.9
52.1

$11.94
10.31
11.92
8.54
10.96
13.80

6
10
3
4
4
2

95 $0.538 $0.458
173
.527
.449
.517
102
.437
.432
30
.512
.452
96
.398
28
.542
.477

$0.474
.457
1.461
.453
.400
.479

5.4
5.5
1 5.1
4.8
5.6
5.5

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
50.5
54.9

55 1,356

.235

.237

46.9

11.14

29

524

.513

.440

1 .451

15.4

48.8

7
17
10
5
13
4
56

.317
.308
.292
.304
.302
.292

.306
.295
.293
.290
.301
.292

52.3
42.7
54.2
41.3
52.7
57.9

6
9
2
1
3
2

15
20
6
6
9
3

.624
.584
.634
.579
.583
.600

.541
.504
.554
.499
.524
.527

.298

49.5

26

59

.599

.523

.569
.507
.558
.591
.519
.528
.542

5.7
5.4
5.3
5.5
5.2
5.3
5.4

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
52.5
52.0

.305

16.00
12.61
15. 85
11.98
15.87
16.89
14.74

27
41
20
8
28
10
134

I Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.




48.9

50.1
37.6
41.3
42.8
42.6
53.0
43.2

28.49
19.02
23.07
25.32
22.08
27.99
23.40

29.95
28.03
30.43
27.79
30.14
31.20
29.23

21.47
26.11
24.19
26.59
23.95
27.51
27.40
25.57

INDUSTRY,

Laborers (drivers, penners, steamers, singers,
washers, and aitch-bone breakers)—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3..........................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

MEAT-PACKING

Total.................................................................

1 39. 5 1 18.62

.237
.219

AD
N

Total................................................................
Carcass wipers, bruise and tail trimmers, and
neck-rag inserters—Females:
District 2.............................................................
4
5
Total................................................................
Laborers—Females:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
5..............................................................

21.28
23.90

97
48

SLAUGHTERING

Truckers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2 ............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

15.20
25.43

9
5

T a b l e »«—HOURS, W AG ES; AND EARNINGS OF EM PLOYEES, B Y DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, S E X , AN D DISTRICT, 1917 A N D 1921-Continued.

to
HOG-KILLING D EPARTM ENT—Continued.
[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Occupation, sex, and district.

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

6
10
3
2
4
2

9 $0.704 $0,624
.677
.597
10
4
.752
.692
2
.690
.610
4
.643
.591
4
.619
.548

Total................................................................
Scalders (tubmen, droppers, gamb cutters,
polemen, and duekers)—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2 .............................................................
3 ............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
0 .............................................................

66

70

.359

.357

51.9

18.54

27

33

.683

7
17
10
5
13
4

42
82
61
24
61
28

.308
.296
.293
.271
.296
.283

.300
.295
.298
.270
.299
.284

57.9
49.1
56.0
40.2
50.9
57.8

17.39
14.49
1&.68
10.86
15.19
16.38

6
10
3
4
3
2

27
41
26
16
23
6

Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

$0,644
.604
i .620
.655
.593
.549

5.8
6.0
i 5.0
6.0
6.0
5.8

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
55.1
54.0

51.7 $33.28 $33.79
44.6
26.93 32.50
139.0 124.18 36.10
33.39 33.12
51.0
33.15 34.27
55.9
55.4
30.40 33.43

$29.95
28.66
33.22
29.28
32.56
29.59

.610

i .611

i 5.8

49.6

i 49.2

i 30.07

33.74

30.26

.608
.565
.595
.599
.498
.590

.528
.489
.515
.519
.442
.511

.551
.513
i .523
.545
.448
.512

6.0
5.9
15.7
5.4
5.3
5.2

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
52.2
50.0

27.71
50.3
42.1
21.60
i 44.8 123.47
37.5
20.45
43.1
19.31
26.11
51.0

29.18
27.12
28.56
28.75
25.55
29.50

25.34
23.47
24.72
24.91
23.07
25.55

Total................................................................

56

298

.294

.295

52.2

15.38

28

139

.573

.498

i .516

15.7

48.8

i 44.2

1 22.79

27.85

24.30

Hookers-on (hookers-off, hangers-off, straighteners, and feeders, chain)—Males*
District 1............................................................
2.............................................................
3 ............................................................
4 ............................................................
5............................................................
6 ............................................................

7
15
9
4
12
4

34
68
45
18
46
13

.298
.281
.277
.258
.293
.283

.291
.279
.283
.250
.292
.283

51.7
53.0
50.6
43.6
51.3
55.8

15.06
14.76
14.24
10.91
15.00
15.77

6
9
3
3
2
1

22
29
4
5
6
3

.610
.566
.601
.575
.546
.532

.530
.486
.521
.4g5
.478
.452

.542
.486
i .531
.530
.489
.453

5.8
5.9
i 4.7
6.0
5.8
5.7

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
52.0
48.0

49.2
44.7
137.3
44.5
47.7
52.2

26.64
21.76
1 19.81
23.59
23.30
23.64

29.28
27.17
28.85
27.60
28.39
25.54

25.44
23.33
25.01
23.76
24.86
21.70

Total................................................................

51

224

.284

.282

51.4

14.50

24

69

.580

.501

i .509

15.8

48.3

1 46.4

i 23.60

28.01

24.20




STATISTICS,

$21.17
19.90
18.30
14.58
17.20
17.65

Average full­
time earnings
per week.

LABOB

55.6
51.7
52.0
43.2
50.1
56.8

Aver­
Aver­
age
age
hours
earn­
actu­
ings re­
ally
worked ceived
in one in one
week. week.

O
F

13 $0,383 10.381
17
.385
.383
.352
10
.351
.337
7
.344
15
.351
.343
.311
8
.310

Aver­
age
basic
or reg­
ular
hours
per
week.

BUREAU

8
16
10
5
13
4

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

THE

Average rate Aver­
of wages
age
Num­
earn­
per hour.
ber of
ings per
em­
hour
ploy­ Before
after
After
ees. reduc­
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.
tion.

O
F

Stickers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2 ............................................................
3................................................. ..........
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6 ............................................................

Aver­
Aver*
age
Num­ Nuin- Aver­ Aver­
age
hours
age
ber of ber of age
warn­
rate of earn­ actu­
estab­ em­
ally ings re­
lish­ ploy­ wages ings
per worked ceived
per
in ofte
ments. ees.
hour. hour. in one week.
week.

BULLETIN

1921

1917

8
17
10
5
13
4

152
282
149
55
163
45

.284
.293
.298
.283
.287
.284

.280
.293
.301
.282
.287
.284

50.7
47.6
50.2
37.3
49.5
64.6

14.21
13.94
15.11
10.52
14.18
15.52

6
9
3
4
3
2

70
89
44
25
61
14

.584
.571
.581
.578
.507
.603

.504
.491
.501
.498
.457
.530

.514
. 495
i .530
.537
. 464
.531

5.6
5.9
i 5.2
5.5
5.6
5.6

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
51.1
53.1

46.6
42.7
1 40.8
39.8
43.4
51.8

23.91
21.16
121.61
21.37
20.13
27.54

28.03
27.41
27.89
27.74
24. 79
32.02

24.19
23. 57
24.05
23.90
23.35
28.14

1 43.8 121.99

27.35

24.01

Total................................................................

57

846

.290

.290

48.7

14.10

27

303

.565

.491

i .502

i 5.6

48.9

Headers—Males:
District 1 . . ............... . , ......................................
2 .............................................................
3 .............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6 .............................................................

8
17
10
5
4
4

21
28
17
5
7
7

.363
.354
.330
.340
.348
.311

.356
.347
.336
.325
.350
.310

53.3
47.6
54.1
41.6
47.6
68.9

18.97
16.53
18.15
13.51
16.64
18.27

6
9
3
3
1
2

12
17
11
3
1
3

.697
.636
.672
.665
.550
.607

.616
.556
.592
.585
.550
.533

.634
.565
1 .600
.582
.550
.534

5.3
5.9
i 6.0
6.0
6.0
5. 7

43.1
48.0
41.6
48.0
48.0 1 47.3
48.0 • 43.3
52.5
42.0
52.5
52.0

27.35
23.46
128.38
25.23
23.10
28.02

S3.46
30.53
32.26
31.92
24. 75
31.56

29.57
26.69
28.42
28.08
28.88
27.72

85

.347

.343

50.9

17.43

24

47

.658

.580

i .588

i 5.8

48.4

1 43.8

1 25.78

31.72

28.07

8
17
10
5
13
4

32
56
44
15
45
14

.343
.344
.331
.321
.343
.324

.335
.343
.342
.315
.338
.325

54.8
48.8
48.9
45.3
53.0
58.4

18.36
16.75
16.69
14.28
17.93
18.98

6
10
3
4
3
2

25
31
16
10
11
7

.655
.629
.653
.645
.590
.671

.575
.549
.573
.565
.534
.595

*625
.569
1.575
.564
.537
.594

5.9
5.9
15.3
5.7
5.9
5.6

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
51.0
53.1

51.9
32.43
42.1
23.93
1 42.7 124.51
41.3
23.28
46.2
24.81
31.21
52.5

31.44
30.19
31.34
30.96
29.26
35.63

27.60
26.35
27.50
27.12
27.23
31.59

57

206

.338

.337

51.1

17.22

28

100

.640

.563

1.584

1 5.8

48.7

1 45.9

1 26.78

31.04

27. 42

4
14
10
3
8
4

8
16
14
3
10
5

.313
.337
.332
.334
.342
.279-

.310
.334
.340
.325
.341
.278

59.6
47.7
55.2
36.5
54.5
54.4

18.51
15.93
18.76
11.87
18.57
15.13

6
10
3
2
3
2

13
10
3
2
4
2

.608
.615
.665
.590
.511
.593

.530
.535
.565
.510
.461
.523

. 554
.550
i .601
.511
.466
.527

5.6
5.7
16.0
6.0
5.8
5.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
52.1
54.0

45.9
25.42
40.0
21.96
1 47.3 1 28.39
43. S
22.35
42.6
19.86
48.3
25.43

29.18
29. 52
31.92
28.32
25.70
32.02

25.44
25.68
27.12
24.48
24.02
28.24

Total................................................................

43

56

.327

.328

52.5

17.19

26

34

.600

.525

i .541

15.7

48.8

1 43.8

1 23.69

29.16

25.62

Splitters—Males:
District 1............................................................
2 ............................................................
3 ............................................................
4............................................................
5 ............................................................
6 ............................................................

8
17
10
4
13
4

26
39
31
4
34
9

.384
.392
.351
.390
.355
.329

.379
.383
.351
.381
.353
.331

48.2
49.4
55.0
40.8
55.0
57.8

18.28
18.93
19.32
15.51
19. 40
19.10

6
10
3
3
3
2

24
18
9
3
10
4

.712
.701
.707
.695
.623
.631

.632
.621
.627
.615
.567
.555

.647
.633
.615
.609
.575
.557

5.4
5.9
16.0
5.7
5.8
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
52.1
51.0

41.9
44.2
1 46.8
43.7
45.6
54.4

27.13
28.00
1 28. 79
26. 62
26.24
30.29

34.18
33. 65
33.94
33. 36
31. 96
32.18

30.34
29. 81
30.10
29. 52
29.54
28.31

Total........................ ........................... ...........

56

143

.369

.364

52.0

18.92

27

68

.690

.614

1.621

15.7

48.8

144.4

127.58

33.60

29.96

i Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.




INDUSTRY,

Total................................................................
Ham facers—Males:
District 1 ............................................................
2 .............................................................
3 .............................................................
4.............................................................
5 .............................................................
6 .............................................................

MEAT-PACKING

48

AD
N

Total................................................................
Gutters (bung droppers and rippers-open)—
Males:
District 1.............................................................
2 .............................................................
3 .............................................................
4 .............................................................
5 .............................................................
6 ................. ..........................................

SLAUGHTERING

Shavers and scrapers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2 .............................................................
3
4
5
6

T a b l e 9 .-H 0 U R S , W AG ES, AND EARNINGS OF EM PLOYEES, B Y DEPARTM ENT, OCCUPATION, S E X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921—Continued.

^

H O G -K IL L IN G D E P A R T M E N T —Concluded.
[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Occupation, sex, and district.

54.6
50.3
54.6
44.1
51.3
58.2

$17.12
15.44
17.26
11.93
14.71
15.95

5
10
3
3
2
2

10 $0,629 $0.549
.590
.510
15
7
.519
.599
3
.590
.510
4
.450
.519
5
.475
.539

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

Aver­
age
basic
or reg­
ular
hours
per
week.

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week.

Aver­
age
#earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

5.4
5.3
1 5. 4
6.0
5.8
5.4

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
51.0
55.2

45.7 $25.92 $30.19
38.7
20.09 28.32
1 43.9 1 24.14 28.75
51.2
29.45 28.32
45.1
20.31 26.47
52.0
24.80 29.75

$26.35
24.48
24.91
24.48
22.95
26.22

.511

1 .526

15.5

49.1

144.1

123.21

28.87

25.09

.530
.533
.480
.512
.479

.450
.453
.400
.432
.411

.465
.453
(2
)
.433
.418

5.8
6.0
(2)
6.0
5.6

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
49.7

48.4
43.5
(2)
45.7
41.9

22.52
19.72
(2
)
19.80
17.51

25.44
25.58
23.04
24.58
23.81

21.60
21.74
19.20
20.74
20.43

14 $0.313 $0,313
.322
20
.307
16
.310
.316
4
.294
.270
.286
.287
20
.274
.274
6

50

80

.304

.301

52.4

15.78

25

44

.588

4
11
5
3
8
3

9
22
7
6
14
5

.240
.244
.268
.208
.265
.257

.248
.243
.267
.213
.261
.260

44.4
48.5
51.2
25.5
46.3
44.8

11.01
11.78
13.69
5.43
12.11
11.63

1
4
21
2
2

5
5
1
3
7

34

63

.248

.251 I

45.2

11.34

10

21

.509

.433

i .442

15.8

48.6

144.5

1 19.66

24.74

21.04

Bruise trimmers, head removers, and
kidney pullers—Males:
District 1.................
............................
2 ............................................................
3 .................
.
............
4 ............................................................
5 .....................
............
6............................
............

7
15
9
4
12
2

27
27
33
10
32
10

.276
.289
.270
.266
.282
.269

.270
.284
.278
.277
.281
.270

55.1
51.6
49.9
38.6
50.1
52.8

14.88
14.66
13.85
10.68
14.07
14.26

6
10
3
3
3
1

26
30
23
8
18
2

.599
.576
.588
.548
.506
.538

.519
.496
.508
.468
.440
.458

.530
.503
1 .514
.498
.447
.458

5.5
6.0
1 5.3
5.6
5.7
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
49.6
48.0

44.2
42.5
1 42.3
43.3
42.6
53.5

23.43
21.37
1 21.75
21.55
19.06
24.48

28.75
27.65
28.22
26.30
24.90
25.82

24.91
23.81
24.38
22.46
21.82
21.98

Total................................................................

49

139

.277

.277

50.7

14.06

26 | 107

.569

.492

1.501

15.7

48.3

143.2

121.63

27.43

23.76




STATISTICS.

6
16
10
3
11
4

LABOR

$0,567
.519
1 .550
.575
.450
.477

O
F

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

BUREAU

Total..............................................................

Average rate Aver­
of wages
age
Num­
earn­
per hour.
ber of
ings per
em­
hour
ploy­ Before After
after
ees. reduc­
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.
tion.

Aver­
age
earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

TH
E

Total.............................
Leaf-lard scrapers—Males:
District 1..........................................................
2 ............................................................
3 ............................................................
4 ............................................................
5 ............................................................
6 ............................................................

Aver­
age
Aver­ Aver­
hours
age
age
rate of earn­ actu­
ally
wages ings
per
per worked
hour. hour. in one
week.

O
F

Leaf-lard pullers—Males:
District 1 .........................................................
2 ...................................
3 ...........................
4 ..........................................................
5 ............................................................
6 ..........................................................

Num­ Num­
ber of ber of
estab­ em­
lish­ ploy­
ments. ees.

BULLETIN

1921

1917

Utility men—Males:
District 1..............

6
197

Truckers—Males:
District 1.........

2.........

3.........

32

Total..

201

.331

54.1
57.5
38.9
44.6
50.5
51.4

11.03

.239

.150

.150

19.0

24

28.99
31.44
31.01
31.10
29.80
31.63

25.15
27.65
27.17
27.74
30.38
28.79

115 | .631

.556

1 .566

15.9

48.5

147.8

127.04

30.54

26.97

.541
.532
.502
.506
.444

.461
.452
.422
.426
.417

.471
.454
1.450
.436
.419

5.8
5.7
16.0
4.0
5.6

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
51.5

45.7
42.0
145.3
31.4
43.4

21.52
19.07
i 20.37
13.69
18.20

25.97
25.54
24.10
24.29
20.91

22.13
21.70
20.26
20.45
21.48

18

93 1 .502

.439

1.446

49.1

142.8

1 19. C

23.95

21.55

.440
.440
.384
.348

.360
.360
.304
.268

(a
)
.268

6.0
5.9
(a
)
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0

48.9
44.6
(2
)
44.5

17.82
16.42
(2)
11.93

.150

.150

.336

1.351

15.9

48.0

145.5

115.98

96 $0. 530 $0,452
.530
.451
77
.492
28
.523

$0.459
.454
.562

5.4
5.7
5.2

48.0
47.8
49.8

39.9
40.9
39.1

39.0

21.12

21.12
18.43
16.70

17.28
17.28
14.59
12.86

19.97

16.13

$18.35 $25.44
18. 58 25. 33
21.98 25.78

$21.70
21.58
24.50

SHEEP AND CALF KILLING D EPAR TM ENT.
Laborers (drivers, penners, holders, shovers,
hookers on to conveyors, hangers up of racks,
and squilgeers)—Males:
District 1............................................................
2............................................................
Districts 3 to 6....................................................

4
13
9

90 $0.226 $0,227
128
.240
.245
62
.219
.233

50.1
44.8
36.1

$11.35
10.98
8.42

4
9
5

Total.................................................................

26

280

.231

.237

44.6

10. 57

18

201

.529

.457

.471

5.5

48.2 • 40.2

18.94

25.44

22.03

Shacklers—Males:
District 1............................................................
2............................................................
Districts 3 to 6....................................................

4
11
4

10
12
7

.247
.255
.241

.245
.258
.248

43.9
46.5
42.5

10.76
12.01
10.56

4
7
2

15
12
3

.544
.559
. 547

.464
479
.487

.470
.486
.509

5.5
5.2
5.7

48.0
47.5
48.0

40.2
37.5
40.8

18.86
18.24
20.78

26.11
26.55
26.26

22.27
22.75
23.38

Total.......................................... ......................

19

29

.249

.252

44.6

11.23

13

30

.550

.472

.480

5.4

47.8

39.2

18.80

26.29

22.56




iNot including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.

3 2-week establishment.

INDUSTRY,

28.12
25.40
125.67
25.72
30.11
30.59

MEAT-PACKING

3
4

TotaL.

50.8
44.1
143.7
45.4
52.6
55.5

AD
N

Kidney pullers, shavers, singers, neck brashers,
and spreaders—Females:
District 1.............................................................

2 ...............................................................

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
53.3
51.6

13. 62
9.25
11.04
11.29
12.76

45.8

5.8
6.0
i 5.4
5.9
6.0
6.0

17.8

.237
.237
.247
.223
.248

.554
.576
1587
.567
.572
.551

17.50
18.08
18.73
15.94
17. 53
18.74

.329

.524
.576
.566
.578
.570
.558

.416

54.6
53.7
56.4
50.2
52.3
56.5

SLAUGHTERING

49

TotaL.

.320
.337
.332
.318
.335
.332

.231
.237
.247
.223
.247

3
4
5

.604
.655
.646
.648
.602
.613

2
4
21
1

.323
.338
.325
.321
.330
.323

2 ..............

T a b l e 9 . — HOURS, W AGES, AND EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES, BY DEPARTMENT, OCCFPATION, S E X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921—Continued.

SHEEP AND CALF KILLING DEPARTMENT—Continued.
[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

6 $0,308 $0,305
9
.285
.283
.241
3
.240

52.5
44.2
37.8

$16.02
12.49
9.10

4
7
2

Average rate Aver­
of wages
age
Num­ ► per hour.
earn­
ber of
ings per
em*
hour
ploy" Before After after
ees.
reduc­ reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.
tion.

6 $0,600 $0.520
7
.567
.487
.592
3
.513

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

Aver­ Aver­
Aver­
age
age
age
basic hours
earn­
or reg­ actu­ ings re­
ally
ular
hours worked ceived
in one
per
in one
week. week. week.

$0,524
.488
.505

5. 5
6.0
4.3

48.0
48.0
48.0

41.2
42.4
30.3

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

$21.60 $28. 80
20.70 27.22
15.29 28.42

$24.96
23.38
24.62

15

18

.285

.285

45.9

12.10

13

16

,584

.504

.505

5.5

48.0

39.7

20,03

28.03

24.19

4
7
1

7
8
1

.266
.283
.235

.262
.282
.235

51.1
54.4
40.0

13.40
15.37
9.40

4
5

6
6

.560
.570

.480
.490

.485
.491

5.0
5.8

48.0
48.0

35.6
39.9

17.28
19.59

26.88
27.36

23.04
23.52

Total...................

12

16

.273

.271

52.1

14.13

9

12

.565

.485

.488

5.4

48.0

37.8

18.43

27.12

23.28

3
10
2

5
12
5

.249
.282
.258

.244
.287
.259

58.7
48,4
38.6

14,34
13.89
10.00

2
3
3

3
4
4

.545
.549
.643

.465
.469
.564

.470
.534
.648

5.7
6.0
5.0

48.0
48 0
48.0

41.7
43.5
35.1

19.57
23.25
22. 77

26.16
26.35
30.86

22.32
22.51
27.07

Total................................................................

15

22

.269

.270

48.5

13.11

8

11

.582

.502

.552

5.5

48.0

40.0

22.07

27.94

24.10

Miscellaneous workers (hookers up fore quarters
and hjnd legs, shoulder punchers, and shank
pinners)—Males:
District 1...........................................................
2...........................................................
Districts 3 to 6 ....................
...................

4
10
2

29
35
6

.251
.255
.251

.248
.265
.249

55.8
44,6
44.4

13.54
11.83
11,08

4
8
4

56
38
7

.543
.563
.572

,463
.483
.495

.472
.485
.509

5.3
5.9
5.6

48.0
47.5
48.0

37,7
42,7
41.0

17.79
20.70
20. 85

26.06
26.74
27.46

22.22
22.94
23.76

16

70

.253

.256

48,7

12.48

16

101

.553

.473

.480

5.5

47.8

39.8

19.10

26.43

22.61

Total.......................




............

STATISTICS,

Total................................................................
Scalpers—Males:
District 1.......................... ................................
2...........................................................
Districts 3 to 6 ...................................................

O LABOR
F

............

Joint breakers—Males:
District 1...........................................................
2...........................................................
Districts 3 to 6...................................................

BUREAU

4
8
3

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

TH
E

Stickers—Males:
District 1...........................................................
............................
2..............
Districts 3 to 6...................................................

Aver­ Aver­
Aver­ Aver*
age
age
age
age
hours earn*
rate of earn­ actu­
ings Tty
ally
wages ings
per worked ceived
per
hour. hour. in one in one
week. week.

O
F

Num­ Num­
ber of ber of
estab­ em­
lish­ ploy­
ments. ees.

Occupation, sex, and district.

BULLETIN

1921

1917

Leggers (fore and hind)—Males:
District 1 ........................................................
Districts 3 to 6 ..................................................

4
14
4

35
46
16

.315
.339
.304

.315
.355
.318

53.1
46.8
41.7

16.75
16.62
13.25

4
9
4

42
40
13

.610
.616
.656

.530
.536
.579

.567
.545
.597

5.5
5. 8
5.6

48.0
47.8
48.0

42.4
42.3
40.0

24.03
23.03
23.90

29.28
29.44
31.49

25.44
25.62
27.79

.324

.334

48.2

16.11

17

95

.619

.539

.561

5.6

47.9

42.0

23.59

29.65 - 25.82

16
25
5

.319
.355
.387

.317
.358
.397

56.9
47.6
48.2

18.06
17.05
19.12

4
8
1

15
17
1

.652
.655
.650

.572
.575
.570

.605
.604
.570

5.6
5.8
6.0

48.0
47.6
48.0

42.5
43.0
40.0

25.74
28.00
22.80

31.30
31.18
31.20

27.46
27.37
27.36

Total................................................................

21

79

.431

.453

47.9

21.67

15

66

.735

.655

.677

5.7

48.0

42.0

28.41

35.28

31.44

Rumpers and back pullers—Males:
District 1...........'................................................
2...........................................................
Districts 3 to 6 ...................................................

4
12
4

25
18
7

.296
.318
.318

.292
.325
.309

49.5
52.2
47.5

14.50
16.95
14.67

4
8
4

29
28
9

.589
.599
.657

.509
.519
.580

.546
.532
.584

5.4
5.9
4.6

48.0
48.0
48.0

38.4
42.4
32.0

20.96
22.58
18.67

28.27
28.75
31.54

24.43
24.91
27.84

MEAT-PACKING

97

4
13
5

AD
N

22

SLAUGHTERING

Total.................................................................
Brisket or breast pullers—Males:
District 1...........................................................
2...........................................................
Districts 3 to 6...................................................
Total................................................................

22

46

.346

.346

50.9

17.63

13

33

.653

.573

.604

5.7

47.8

42.7

25.79

31.21

27.39

Facers—Males:
District 1...........................................................
2...........................................................
Districts 3 to 6 ..................................................

4
14
3

27
43
9

.420
.440
.426

.418
.485
.432

56.8
43.7
41.2

23.74
21.17
17.81

4
8
3

28
34
4

.735
.738
.711

.655
.658
.648

.686
.670
.667

5.6
5.8
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0

42.0
42.1
41.0

28.83
28.20
27.35

35. 28
35.42
34.13

31.44
31.58
31.10

Total................................................................

20

50

.307

.307

50.2

15.40

16

66

.603

.523

.544

5.5

48.0

39.2

21.33

28.94

25.10

Brisket or breast splitters—Males:
District 1...........................................................
2...........................................................
Districts 3 to 6 ...................................................

4
8
2

7
10
2

.299
.300
.280

.291
.299
.357

52.0
51.9
50.8

15.14
15.51
17.93

2
6
1

4
6
1

.595
.579
.535

.515
.499
.455

.505
.499
.425

5.3
6.0
3.0

48.0
47.5
48.0

38.3
45.9
20.5

19.30
21.92
8.71

28.56
27. 50
25.68

24.72
23.70
21.84

14

19

.297

.302

51.7

15.63

9

11

.581

.501

.498

5.5

47.7

39.7

19.76

27.71

23.90

4
3
2

8
4
2

15.85
16.40
11.33

.554
.565
.553

.474
.485
.500

.480
.484
.500

26.59
26. 78
26. 54

22.75
22.99
24.00

11

.559

.481

.483

40.1
36.5
32.0
37.7

19. 23
17.68
16.00

15.36

5.2
5.2
5.0
5.2

48.0
47.4
48.0

58.8

3
5
1
9

5
5
1

14

.255
.270
.270
.261

62.2
60.6
42.0

9

.259
.276
.293
.269

18.23

26.66

22.94

Scrubbers, washers, and wipers—Males:
District 1...........................................................
2...........................................................
Districts 3 to 6...................................................

2
8
4

12
31
15

.225
.234
.244

.225
.241
.251

42.3
33.3
36.5

9.51
8.03
9.16

4
9
1

39
36
2

.530
.528
.531

.450
.448
.531

.454
.449
.676

4,7
5.9
6.0

48.0
47.5
48.0

21.60
21.28
25.49

14

58

.235

.240

36.0

8.63

14

77

.529

.451

.458

5.3

47.8

15.24
19. 52
26.70
17. 54

25.44
25.08
25.49

Total................................................................
Caul pullers—Males:
District 1...........................................................
2...........................................................
Districts 3 to 6 ...................................................

33.5
43.5
39.5
38.3

25. 29

21.56

3
7
1

5
13
1

.300
.313
.235

.601
.591

.521
,511

.544
.514

5.6
6.0

48.0
48.0

40.7
43.0

22.12
22.09

28.85
28.37

25.01
24.53

19

17.01
16.32
11.86
16.27

8
9

11

56.8
52.2
50.5
53.3

4
6

Total................................................................

.304
.313
.235
.307

10

17

.595

.515

.527

5.8

48.0

41.9

22.11

28.56

26.06

.305

1 Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.




47.7

INDUSTRY,

Total................................................................
Pelt droppers—Males:
District 1...........................................................
2...........................................................
Districts 3 to 6...................................................
Total................................................................

T a b l e 9 .—HOURS, W AG ES, AND EARNINGS OF EM PLOYEES, B Y DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, S E X , A N D DISTRICT, 1917 AN D 1921—Continued.

S H E E P A N D C A L F KILLING- D E P A R T M E N T —Concluded.

00

[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland,Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Occupation, sex, and district.

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

Average rate Aver­
age
of wages
Num­
earn­
per hour.
ber of
ings per
em­
hour
ploy­
Before After
after
ees.
reduc­ reduc­ reduc­
tion.
tion. tion.

2...........................................................

4
11
4

9 $0,254 $0,253
.313
17
.305
6
.300
.297

49.1
49.1
53.8

$12.41
15.34
15.94

4
9
4

Total................................................................

19

32

.290

.293

50.0

14.63

17

45

Districts 3 to 6 ...................................................

2...........................................................

3
6
2

6
9
3

.258
.267
.267

.256
.287
.270

53.5
46.3
50.2

13.71
13.29
13.56

4
7
3

Total................................................................

11

18

.264

.273

49.3

13.48

Districts 3 to 6 ...................................................

2...........................................................

4
14
4

41
63
8

.394
.414
.301

.390
.428
.293

56.4
48.2
44.9

Total...................................................9 ..........

• 22

112

.398

.404

Districts 3 to 6 ...................................................

2...........................................................

4
7
5

14
11
6

.240
.263
.262

Total................................................................

16

31

.253

Luggers—Males:
District 1..........................................................




Aver­
age
earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

20 $0,556 $0.476
.574
.494
18
.604
.524
7

$0,488
.497
.557

5.5
5.5
5.7

48.0
47.7
48.0

39.8
39.7
41.3

.570

.490

.503

5.5

47.9

40.0

20.12

27.30

23.47

16
15
4

.545
.561
.555

.465
.481
.515

.475
.482
.588

5.6
5.8
5.3

48.0
47.8
48.0

42.5
40.7
33.6

20.19
19.64
19.78

26.16
26.82
26.64

22.32
22.99
24.72

14

35

.553

.477

.489

5.7

47.9

40.7

19.91

26.49

22.85

22.00
20.66
13.17

1

4

.675

.595

.640

6.0

48.0

43.8

28.00

32.40

28.56

51.0

20.62

1

4

.675

.595

.640

6.0

48.0

43.8

28.00

32.40

28.56

.238
.269
.344

52.5
48.0
28.5

12.48
12.88
9.81

4
6
2

11
8
3

.550
.553
.569

.470
.473
.544

.496
.472
.680

5.7
5.9
5.7

48.0
47.6
48.0

42.8
44.2
.35.8

21.25
20.86
24.36

26.40
26.32
27.31

22.56
22.51
26.11

.262

46.3

12.11

12

22

.554

.481

.508

5.8

47.9

42.4

21.53

26.54

23.04

$19.42 $26.69. $22.85
23.56
19.77 27.38
23.02 28.99
25.15

STATISTICS.

Dressers (rib sawyers or Boston cutters, setters
or Bostonsetters,caul dressers, and dressers)—
Males:
District 1............................................ .............

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week.

O LABOR
F

Headers and neck trimmers—Males:
District 1...........................................................

Aver­
age
basic
or reg­
ular
hours
per
week.

BUREAU

Districts 3 to 6 ...................................................

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
Week.

TH
E

Aver­
Aver­
age
Aver­ Aver­
age
age
hours earn­
age
rate of earn­ actu­
ally ings re­
wages ings
ceived
per
per worked
hour. hour. in one in one
week. week.

O
F

Gutters, bung droppers, and rippers open—
Males:
District 1...........................................................

Num­ Num­
ber of ber of
estab­ em­
lish­ ploy­
ments. ees.

1921

BULLETIN

1917

Utility men, spellers, handymen, all-round
men—Males:
District 1.......................................................... .
35
to
&

Districts 3 to 6.................................................. .

2.............................................................

2
5
3

2
10
4

.354
.335
.330

.354
.336
.336

60.0
46.3
60.3

21.25
15.54
20.29

4
7
4

4
16
15

.658
.729
.504

.598
.649
.494

.627
.671
.652

5.8
5.8
5.5

48.0
46.7
52.8

46.3
44.1
44.8

29.00
29.60
29.22

31.58
34.04
26.61

28.70
30.31
26.08

Total.................................................................

10

16

.336

.339

51.5

17.44

15

35

.625

.577

.657

5.7

49.5

44.7

29.37

30.94

28.56

1
2
8

2
2
33

.400
.305
.744

.395
.310
.693

49.5
43.0
40.6

19.58
13.35
28.12

1
5

6
60

.722
1.481

.656
1.470

.646
11.438

4.3
15.8

48.0
52.9

33.4
145.0

21.60
i 64.76

34.66
77.60

31.49
77.76

11

37

.702

.652

41.2

26.86

6

66

1.412

1.396

1 1.381

15.7

52.5

i 44.0

i 60.71

74.13

73.29

2

5

.448

.368

.377

6.0

48.0

40.2

15.15

21.50

17.66

1
1

4
2

.150
.175

.150
.174

54.3
23.8

8.16
4.15

2

6

.158

.155

44.1

6.82

2

5

.448

.368

.377

6.0

48.0

40.2

15.15

21.50

17.66

$0,608
.576
1.525
.584
.531
.720

5.7
5.8
i 5.5
5.6
5.6
5.0

48.0
47.4
48.0
48.0
50.8
48.0

45.8
42.1
143.9
42.2
41.1
39.9

$27. 81 $31.30
24.27 30. 81
123. 03 28.08
24.65 32. 64
21.79 27. 57
28.74 31.68

$27.26
26.64
24.19
28. 27
27.33
30.34

°Sheep or calf butchers—Males:
District 1..............................
2
. 2...............................
5
Districts 3 to 6 ......................
TotaL.
W
£
r-'Scraobers, washers, and wipers—Females:
to
District 1......................................................
Districts 3 to 6.
TotaL

OFFAL (OTHER TH AN H IDES A N D CASINGS) D EP AR T M E N T .
Chiselers, cheekers, and templers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

6
15
7
4
6
2

40 $0.337 $0.328
.361
.352
68
.292
20
.291
.326
6
.303
.281
.301
8
8
.240
.244

54.7
47.9
51.9
51.1
44.5
53.6

$17.92
16.88
15.10
15.50
13.41
13.09

6
9
4
4
4
3

71 $0,652 $0,568
62
.650
.562
27
.585
.504
17
.680
.589
26
.578
.538
14
.632
.660

Total................................................................

40

150

.333

.326

50.5

16.48

30

217

.637

.560

i. 585

i 5.7

48.2

i 43.3

i 25.33

30. 45

26.99

Machine operators (skull splitters, jaw-bone
pullers, horn sawyers, teeth grinders)—
Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

5
17
10
5
11
6

60
97
48
23
.32
12

.241
.284
.273
.267
.264
.267

.240
.273
.270
.265
.274
.295

58.7
53.1
49.1
54.1
50.3
54.1

14.10
14. 51
13. 25
14. 33
13. 75
15.97

6
10
3
3
3
4

46
57
22
16
18
5

.570
.569
.573
.538
.477
.566

.489
.488
.491
.458
.414
.521

.501
.499
1.496
.455
.417
.607

5.4
5.8
15.1
5.3
5.2
4.6

48.0
47.2
48.0
48.0
48.1
50.4

44.2
42.9
140.6
39.2
38.9
42.8

22.15
21.41
i 20.16
17.84
16.21
26.00

27.36
26.86
27.50
25.82
22. 51
28. 53

23.47
23.03
23. 57
21.98
19.91
26.26

Total................................................................

54

272

.268

.265

53.4

14.16

29

164

.557

.478

1.490

15.5

47.8

142.2

i 20.69

26.57.

22. 85

i Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.




CO

T a b l e 9 . — HOURS, W AG ES, AND EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES, B Y DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, S E X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921—Continued.

O F F A L (O T H E R T H A N H ID E S AND C A S IN G S) D E P A R T M E N T —Continued.
[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Occupation, sex, and district.

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
hour.

Aver­
Aver­
Aver­
age
age
age
hours
earn­
earn­ actu­
ings re­
ings
ally
per worked ceived
hour. in one in one
week.
week.

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

Aver­
age
basic
or reg­
ular
hours
per
week.

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week.

$15.15
14.74
15.02
13.68
13.95
14.89

6
10
4
4
4
4

137 $0,565 $0,484
185
.574
.492
38
.551
.471
.534
40
.609
40
.485
.425
.506
31
.524

$0.495
.499
1.490
.527
.426
.676

5.5
5.9
15.5
5.6
5.4
4.4

48.0
47.4
48.0
48.0
49.0
48.0

43.4
42.7
142.6
42.8
38.9
36.2

$21.48 $27.12
21.31 27.21
1 20. 89 26.45
22.53 29.23
16,54 23.13
24.50 25.15

Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

$23.23
23.32
22.61
25.63
20.83
24.29

.279

52.6

14.69

32

471

.561

.487

i. 504

15.6

47.9

142.1

1 21.24

26.82

23.33

2
11
5
3
7
3

6
18
10
9
12
5

.247
.255
.282
.221
.266
.279

.246
.254
.286
.222
.270
.296

51.7
45.7
48.6
44.1
52.9
56.7

12.69
11.64
13.93
9.77
14.29
16.76

6
10
3
4
3
4

40
37
7
9
6
4

.567
.569
.526
.541
.609
.564

.487
.488
.446
.463
.404
.509

.505
.494
i. 505
.488
.400
.532

5.6
5.9
i 5.0
5.0
5.8
5.3

48.0
46.9
48.0
48.0
48.2
51.0

43.2
42.4
139.3
39.0
50.4
49.4

21.81
20.92
1 19. 88
19.03
20.19
26.29

27.22
26.69
25.25
25.97
27.83
28.76

23.38
22.89
21.41
22.22
19.47
25.96

Total.................................................................

31

60

.258

.262

48.9

12.80

30

103

.565

.479

1.493

15.7

47.7

1 43.1

1 21.25

26.89

22.85

5
2
1
1

10
4
5
1

.256
.279
.230
.235

.259
.279
.229
.235

49.9
60.0
67.5
56.0

12.91
16.75
15.49
13.17

2
1

6
2

.543
.540

.463
.460

.474
.496

6.0
6.0

48.0
48.0

50.3
44.5

23.85
22.09

26.06
25.92

22.22
22.08

1
1
1

2
1
1

.557
.525
.583

.517
.450
.583

.443
.450
.438

6.0
6.0
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0

55.3
46.0
64.0

24.46
20.70
28.00

26.74
25.20
27.98

24.82
21.60
27.98

9

20

.253

.253

56.6

14.33

6

12

.546

.480

.466

6.0

48.0

51.0

23.74

26.21

23.04

Inspectors and graders—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.......
4.............................................................
5
6
Total.................................................................




STAIISTICS.

.282

LABOE

60 1,238

Pluck trimmers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

O
F

54.6
52.4
54.2
52.9
49.1
48.9

Aver­
age
earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

BUREAU

306 $0,282 $0,277
364
.287
.281
190
.291
.277
.262
127
.259
.281
.284
159
92
.276
.305

Average full­
time earnings
per week.

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

Average rate Aver­
of wages
age
Num­
earn­
per hour.
ber of
ings per
em­
hour
ploy­ Before After
after
ees.
reduc­ reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.
tion.

IHE

Total................................................................

8
17
10
4
13
8

Num­
ber of
em­
ploy­
ees.

O
F

Trimmers—Males:
District 1............................ *...............................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5..................................................... .
6.............................................................

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

BULLETIN

1921

1917

Laborers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3
......................
4
; ......................
5
6

5
14
7
4
5
3

315
222
19
74
36
11

.226
.241
.250
.225
.218
.224

.227
.242
.250
.227
.219
.259

57.1
48.4
51.2
48.4
51.5
49.8

12.93
11. 71
12. 81
10.97
11.29
12.93

6
10
4
4
4
4

95
126
28
22
26
34

.538
.542
.529
.515
.448
.493

.459
.461
.449
.435
.410
.474

.472
.464
1.466
.452
.412
.572

5.6
5.7
i 5.5
5.4
5.5
4.9

48.0
47.4
48.0
48.0
51.9
48.0

21.07
44.6
19.83
42.8
143.8 1 20. 42
18.88
41.7
17.91
43.5
24.43
42.7

25.82
25.69
25.39
24. 72
21.95
23.66

22.03
21.85
21.55
20.88
21.28
22.75

38

677

.231

.232

52/7

12.22

32

331

.526

.455

i. 473

i 5.5

48.1

1 43.4

1 20.49

25.20

21.89

6
15
6
3
9
4

21
39
9
9
11
4

.275
.260
.265
.247
.276
.224

.276
.260
.264
.247
.276
.312

51.5
51.6
55.2
55. 4
55.7
49.9

14.20
13. 41
14.58
13.70
15.36
15.56

6
8
2
4
2
1

20
25
8
8
7
1

.551
.549
.571
.526
.464
.531

.471
.469
.491
.446
.431
.531

.479
.471
i .493
.462
.432
.954

5.7
5.6
15.0
5.1
5.7
4.0

48.0
47.4
48.0
48.0
50.6
48.0

43.2
40.4
138.4
38.2
46.6
28.0

20.69
19.06
1 18.93
17.64
20.14
26.70

26.45
26.02
27.41
25.25
21.48
25.49

22.61
22.23
23.57
21.41
21.81
25.49

Total.................................................................'

.263

.267

52.7

14.05

23

69

.541

.467

i. 475

i 5.5

48.0

141.3

1 19.59

25.75

22.42

7
14
8
4
8
6

40
93
47
13
32
15

.238
.273
.251
.264
.264
.234

.239
.268
.259
.247
.265
.244

50.7
50.3
49.4
46.3
47.5
52.1

12.14
13.48
12.82
11.42
12. 57
12.69

5
6
2
3
1
1

35
17
5
5
9
6

.530
.541
.569
.524
.477
.520

.450
.461
.489
.444
.404
.520

.452
.464
.500
.450
.406
.564

5.4
5.9
6.0
5.8
5.4
5.2

48.0
47.5
48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0

41.4
42.5
47.9
42.0
37.7
50.1

18.74
19.73
23.95
18.91
15.29
28.27

25.44
25.70
27.31
25.15
22.90
24.96

21.60
21.90
23.47
21.31
19.39
24.96

47

240

.259

.258

49.7

12. 85

18

77

.527

.454

.464

5.6

47.9

42.4

19.65

25.24

21.75

4
10
7
5
7
4

69
80
29
23
30
10

.228
.242
.254
.215
.255
.219

.231
.243
.258
.217
.259
.295

51.6
52.5
46.3
57.1
50.8
39.1

11.93
12.78
11.93
12.40
13.15
11.51

4
9
4
4
3
2

66
74
27
21
19
7

.530
.532
.544
.513
.451
.519

.450
.452
.463
.433
.409
.507

.454
.455
1.474
.433
.410
.617

5.4
5.8
14.6
6.0
5.8
5.6

48.0
47.4
48.0
48.0
50.3
48.0

41.5
43.5
135.7
45.6
44.4
47.1

18.85
19.80
116.92
19.74
18.23
29.06

25.44
25.22
26.11
24.62
21.42
24.91

21.60
21.42
22.22
20,78
20.57
24.34

Total................................................................

37

241

.238

.242

51.2

12.39

26

214

.524

.449

K 456

i 5.6

48.0

142.6

1 19.42

25.15

21.55

Tripe washers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

8
1
1
9
4
10
5

37
39
18
25
29
17

.253
.254
.254
.207
.258
.276

.257
.249
.256
.207
.259
.338

54.9
50.3
53.1
54.0
52.8
49. 6

14.11
12.53
13. 57
11.17
13.67
16. 77

5
7
4
3
4
5

28
16
8
3
11
11

.580
.563
.544
.517
.507
.622

.498
.482
.463
.437
.462
. 595

.507
.485
1.463
.437
.540
.683

5.5
5.9
16.0
5.7
5.5
5.1

48.0
46. 5
48.0
48.0
50.4
50.2

41.5
45.8
1 47.0
40.0
41.9
46.0

21.01
22.21
1 21.75
17.47
22.63
31.40

27.84
26.18
26.11
24.82
24.13
31.22

23.90
22.41
22.22
20.98
23.28
29.87

Total.................................................................

47

165

.250

.255

52.6

13.43

28

77

.566

.497

i. 529

15.6

48.3

143.4

122.96

27.11

24.01

1 Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.




INDUSTRY,

Total.................................................................
(Truckers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

MEAT-PACKING

93

AD
N

43

Washers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3 .............................................................
4 . .......................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

SLAUGHTERING

Total.................................................................
Rippers-open of paunches and pecks—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2 .............................................................
3.............................................................
4............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

T a b l e 9 .—HOURS, W AGES, AND EARNINGS OF EM PLOYEES, B Y D EPARTM ENT, OCCUPATION, S E X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921—Continued.

OFFAL (OTHER TH AN HIDES AND CASINGS) D EPAR TM EN T—Continued.

Or

to

[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Occupation, sex, and district.

Tripe scalders and cookers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5 .............................................................
6.............................................................

4
9
4
1
4

Aver­
Num­
age
ber of rate of
em­
wages
ploy­ per
ees. hour.

Aver­
Aver­
Aver­
age
age
age
hours
earn­
earn­ actu­
ings
ally ings re­
per worked ceived
hour. in one in one
week. week.

19 $0,251 $0,253
.308
19
.309
8
.254
.255
5
.238
.238
8
.264
.264

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

Average rate Aver­
of wages
age
Num­
earn­
per hour.
ber of
ing,s per
em­
hour
ploy­ Before After after
ees. reduc­ reduc­ reduc­
tion.
tion. tion.

66.4
69.4
54.4
68.3
58.8

$16.81
21.42
13.80
16.26
15.49

4
3
21
2
1
1

12 $0.545 $0,465
3
.545
.465
1
.480
.400
.812
2
.703
2
.405
.475
.521
.521
1

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

Aver­
age
basic
or reg­
ular
hours
per
week.

$0.473
.465
(2)
.652
.406
.586

5.9
6.0
(2)
5.5
6.0
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0

48.0
46.0
(2)
37.3
45.3
48.0

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week.

Aver­
age
earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc« reduc­
tion. tion.

$22.71 $26.16
21.39 26.16
23.04
(2)
24.27 38.98
18.35 22.80
28.12 25.01

$22.32
22.32
19.20
33.74
19.44
25.01

22

59

.271

.272

64.9

17.67

12

21

.559

.481

i. 482

16.2

48.0

148.4

123.29

26.83

6
12
4
4
5
4

44
54
14
26
6
13

.399
.498
.388
.439
.319
.388

.392
.461
.380
.418
.321
.368

52.9
49.9
47.6
54.7
57.4
51.8

20.76
22.98
18.10
22. 88
18. 42
19.05

6
8
3
2
2
3

41
39
6
10
9
10

.620
.556
.613
.534
.472
.749

.535
.477
.528
.454
.439
.741

.538
.481
i. 480
.460
.439
.945

5.6
5.9
15.8
6.0
5.6
4.7

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
50.5
48.0

42.5
43.4
1 44.9
44.6
43.4
35.3

22.87
20.90
1 21.55
20. 50
19.04
33.31

29.76
25.68
26.69
22.90
29.42 ‘ 25.34
25.63
21.79
21.85
22.17
35.95
35.57

157

.435

.414

51.8

21.40

24

115

.590

.518

i. 530

15.7

48.2

142.5

1 22.54

28.26

.422
.321
.257
.266
.281
.255

.409
.318
.254
.268
.274
.256

48.3
48.-8
50.0
44.3
50.8
51.0

19.77
15. 51
12.72
11.87
13.95
13.06

2
8
3
1
3
2

5
17
15
1
11
5

.561
.577
.690
.555
.443
.575

.483
.496
.601
.475
.395
.511

.489
.495
1.567
.475
.396
.520

5.2
5.8
15.5
6.0
5.5
5.8

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.056.4
48.0

40.0
41.6
143.6
48.0
47.5
47.3

19.54
20. 57
1 24.71
22.80
18.78
24.58

26.93 ' 23.18
27.70
23.81
33.12
28.85
26.64
22.80
24.99
22.28
27.60
24.53

.293

.289

49.5

14. 33

19

54

.579

.504

1.484

15.6

49.7

143.9

121.22

28.78

Total................................................................

35

Pigs’ feet shavers, cleaners, scrapers, and
singers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2 ............................................................
3 .............................................................
4 ............................................................
5 .............................................................
6 .............................................................

4
12
7
3
5
4

Total................................................................

35




10^
35
27
6
12
26
116

23.09

24.97

25.05

O LABOR STATISTICS.
F

Total................................................................
Tripe scrapers and finishers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

O THE BUREAU
F

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

1921

BULLETIN

1917

Toe pullers, feet splitters, and trimmers—
Males:
District 1.............................................................
2 .............................................................
3 .............................................................
4 .............................................................
5.............................................................
6 .............................................................

53.1
45.8
47.8
34.1
56.8
50.8

13.53
12.84
10.81
8.31
15. 05
12. 85

3
3

3
5

.538
.619

.458
.531

.465
.534

5.0
6.0

48.0
48.0

40.0
47.5

18.60
24.39

25.82
29.62

21.98
25.49

1
2
1

1
4
1

.530
.453
.530

.450
.390
.450

.450
.393
. 450

6.0
5.3
6.0

48.0
51.0
48.0

41.5
50.5
46.5

18.67
19.83
20.92

25.44
23.10
25. 44

21.60
19.89
2l.'60

Total................................................................
Finishers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2 .............................................................
3 .............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

18

38

.269

.257

48.2

12.40

10

14

.541

.464

.465

5.6

48.9

45.6

21.19

26. 45

22.69

17.03

1
1

2
1

6
5

.265
.285

.265
.285

53.7
56.5

14.20
16.08

1

2
1
1
2

.543
.530
.560
.498

.463
.450
.480
.420

.463
.450
.480
.420

6.0
6.0
6.0
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0

46.5
48.0
48.0
44.0

21.51
21.60
23.04
18.48

26.08
25. 44
26. 88
23.90

22.22
21.60
23.04
20.16

Total................................................................
Utility men, slunk skinners, and spell men—
Males:
District 1.............................................................
2..............................: .............................
3 .............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6 .............................................................

9

18

.273

.277

57.2

15.82

4

6

.529

.449

.450

6.0

48.0

46.2

20.77

25.39

21. 55

4
11
5
3
5
2

22
35
11
11
12
2

.271
.292
.308
.296
.301
.308

.267
.291
.309
.290
.301
.311

65.8
61.2
60.0
64.0
56.5
61.0

17.54
17.81
18.53
18.57
16.99
18.96

4
9
4
3
4
2

21
44
9
3
7
5

. 554
.569
.606
.540
.520
.560

.474
.488
.526
.463
.469
.512

487
.488
i.53d
.471
.472
.531

6.0
5.8
15.7
6.0
5.7
5.6

48.0
46.5
48.0
48.0
53.2
48.0

47.8
45.1
144.6
48.2
48.8
48.2

23.29
22.01
124.05
22.69
23.05
25.60

26.59
26.46
29.09
25.92
27.09
26. 88

22.75
22.69
25.25
22.22
24.95
24.58

Total................................................................
Chiselers, cheekers, and templers—Females:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................

30

93

.291

.289

61.8

17.84

26

89

.564

.488

1.493

15.8

47.7

146.3

i 22.80

26.85

23.28

i

1

.200

.200

35.5

7.10

2
2

5
4

.420
.493

.340
.413

.353
.456

5.4
6.0

48.0
48.0

45.6
41.5

16.09
18.92

20.16
23.66

16.32
19.82

Total................................................................
Machine operators (skull splitters, jaw-bone pull­
ers, horn sawyers, teeth grinders)—Females:
District 1.............................................................
2..................... .......................................
4............................................................

1

1

.200

.200

35.5

7.10

4

9

.452

.372

.396

5.7

48.0

43.8

17.35

21. 70

17.86

1
2

1
4

.175
.198

.194
.197

36.0
43.1

7.00
8.52

1
2
1

1
2
1

.385
.365
.395

.385
.365
.395

6.0
6.0
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0

47.0
47.3
46.5

18.10
17.26
18.37

5

.193

.197

41.7

8.21

4

4

.378

.378

6.0

48.0

47.0

17.75

22.32
21.36
22.80
21.98

18.48
17.52
18.96

3

.465
.445
.475
.458

2
8
2
3
1

26
25
15
19
3
88

.178
.174
.145
.180
.213
.173

.186
.174
.177
.182
.214
.182

40.5
38.7
41.5
44.1
53.7
41.4

7. 55
6.73
7.34
8.04
11.50
7.52

2
6
1
2
3
14

20
67
1
8
7
103

.442
.477
.420
.463
.330
.458

.363
.396
.340
.384
.302
.381

.369
.396
.340
.372
.302
.382

5.6
5.9
6.0
5.1
5.6
5.7 I

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
47.6
48.0

44.0
43.2
46.5
35.1
42.5
42.7

16.21
17.10
15.81
13.05
12.83
16.31

21.22
22.90
20.16
22.22
14.98

17.42
18.96
16.32
18.43
14.38

21.89

18.25

Total................................................................
Trimmers—Females:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
Total................................................................




6

7

.271

.280

60.8

1

16

1 Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.

* 2-week establishment.

18.14

INDUSTRY.

.255
.280
.226
.244
.265
.253

MEAT-PACKING

.259
.313
.233
.246
.264
.253

AD
N

10
11
6
4
3
4

SLAUGHTERING

3
5
4
2
2
2

Or

CO

T a b le 9 .—HOURS, W AG ES, AND EARNINGS OF EM PLO YEES, BY DEPARTM EN T, OCCUPATION, S E X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921— Continued.

Ox

O F F A L (O T H E R T H A N H ID E S AND C ASIN G S) D E P A R T M E N T —Concluded.
[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Occupation, sex, and district.

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

Average rate Aver­
of wages
age
Num­
per hour.
earn­
ber of
ings per
em­
hour
ploy­
ees. Before After after
reduc­ reduc­ reduc­
tion.
tion. tion.

1 $0,175 $0,194

37.0

$7.17

1
2
1
1

2 $0,463 $0.383
4
.355
.435
1
.330
.410
8
.284
.316
15
.319
.373

1

1

.175

.194

37.0

7.17

5

1

1

.175

.175

57.0

9.97

2
2
1
2

2
9
1
5

.440
.494
.420
.326

Aver­
age
basic
or reg­
ular
hours
per
week.

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week.

$0,404
.354
.330
.284

6.0
6.0
6.0
5.4

48.0
48.0
48.0
44.0

.323

5.7

45.9

49.5
43.8
41.0
42.9
43.2

.381
.414
.340
.284

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.9
48.3

Aver­
age
earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

$17.97 $22.22
15.50 20.88
13.53 19.68
12.20 13.90

$18.38
17.04
15.84
12.50

13.93

17.12

14.64

26.0
36.2
46.5
42.6
37.5

9.91
14.98
15. 81
12.09
13.58

21* 12
23.71
20.16
15.45
20.75

17.28
19.87
16.32
13.99

1

.175

.175

57.0

9.97

7

17

.434

.362

3.5
4.9
6.0
5.8
5.1 |

2
9
1
3

15
49
10
17

.174
.168
.200
.162

.178
.167
.213
.163

38.0
47.7
39.1
43.3

6.75
7.99
8.34
7.06

2
6

5
21

.451
.461

.371
.381

.371
.387

5.2
5.9

48.0
46.9

42.0
42.5

15.59
16.46

21.65
21.62

17.81
17.87

3
1

5
4

.434
.280

.354
.280

.375
.280

4.8
4.8

48.0
52.5

35.0
32.9

13.13
9.21

20.83
12.60

i6.99
14.70

15

91

.172

.173

44.3

7.65

12

35

.435

.364

.373

5.5

47.8

40.3

15.03

20.45

17.40

.175
.140
.200

.194
.140
.200

37.5
44.7
40.5

7.27
6.25
8.10

3

3

.475

.395

.400

4.7

48.0

33.2

13.27

22.80

18.96

1
2

1
14

.340
.294

.336
.294

2.0
5.0

48.0
49.6

13.5
36.7

4.53
10. 79

18

.313

.311

4.8

49.3

34.9

10.86

20.16
15. 29
16.80

16.32
14.58

6

.420
.326
.356

1
2
1

2
6
1

1

37

.154

.154

49.6

5

46

.154

.154

48.3

7.62
7. 44

17.68

15.43

STATISTICS.

1

.360
.414
*340
.286
.366

LABOR

1

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

O
F




Aver­
Aver­
Aver­
age
age
age
hours
earn­
earn­ actu­
ings re­
ings
ally
per worked ceived
hour. in one in one
week. week.

BUREAU

Tripe washers—Females:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4..............................
5.............................................................
Total.................................................................

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
hour.

TH
E

Laborers—Females:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
Total................................................................
W ashers—Females:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.........................................................
4
5
Total.......„..........................................

Num­
ber of
em­
ploy­
ees.

O
F

Pluck trimmers—Females:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
4.............................................................
5................................
Total................................................................

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

1921

BULLETIN

1
1917

Tripe scalders and cookers—Females:
District 2.............................................................
Tripe scrapers and finishers—Females:
District 1.............................................................
4.............................................................

1

1

.140

.140

33.5

4.69

1

5

.189

.169

51.2

8.67

Total.................................................................

1

5

.169

.169

51.2

Pigs’ feet shavers, cleaners, scrapers, and sing­
ers—Females:
District 1.............. . .............................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4..............
...................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

2
7
2
1
1

5
36
4
2
2

.228
.180
.153
.175
.240

.233
.161
.153
.175
.240

49

.185

48.0

30.2

9.56

18.72

14.88

8.67

1

3

.390

.310

.317

4.7

48.0

30.2

9.56

18.72

14- 88

39.5
51.0
53.5
49.8
54.5

9.22
8.21
8.18
8.70
13.08

2
1

7
1

.530
.505

.451
.425

.423
.425

5. 4
6.0

48.0
48.0

36.7
48.0

15.52
20.40

25.44
24.24

21.65
20.40

1
1

10
2

372
.390

.322
.310

.327
.310

5.3
6.0

48.0
48.0

39.1
48.0

12.80
14.88

17.86
18.72

15.46
14.88

.170

50.1

8.53

5

20

.436

.371

.362

5.5

48.0

39.6

14.34

20.93

17.81

9
,195
6
.303
4
.171
1 ( .175
2
.200

.191
.263
.171
.175
.200

48.6
43.4
52.2
34.0
55.0

9.27
11.44
8.94
5.95
10.99

1
2

1
3

.420
.309

.340
.272

.340
.272

6.0
5.7

48.0
52.0

41.5
46.4

14.11
12.64

20.16
16.07

16.32
14.14

.220

.205

47.7

9. 81

3

4

.337

.289

.288

5.8

51.0

45.2

13.01

17.19

14.74

1
1

.530
.320

.450
.270

.459
.270

6.0
6.0

48.0
48.0

50.0
44.0

22.95
11.88

25.44
15.36

21.60
12.96

2

.425

.360

.371

6.0

48.0

47.0

17.42

20. 40

17.28

7

.430

.350

.351

5.7

45.7

36.5

12.82

19.65

16.00

4

.493

.413

.405

5.3

48.0

40.0

16.21

23.66

19.82

5.7
$0.488
.485
5.9
14.4
i .497
.485 * 5.4
.470
5.5
4.7
.797

47.9
48.0
48.0
48.0
49.5
48.0
48.1

44.9
46.9
146.1
40.0
45.0
36.6

$21.93 $26.82
22.72 26.93
i 22.92 30.24
19. 37 26. 69
21.16 24.51
29.18 27. 36
i 22. 40 26.97

$23.14
23.09
26.16
23.14
23.27
26.83
23.62

Total................................

......................

HIDE DEPAR TM EN T,
Inspectors, trimmers, and graders—Males:
District 1............................
.
........
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

6
16
5
6
11
4

Total.................................................................

48

55 $0.270 $0.271
.284
70
.283
19
.305
.307
.262
20
.259
16
.298
.315
.278
.363
14
194
.280
.287

58.4
56.5
56.3
57.2
57.7
47.0
56.6

1 Not including data for 1 establishment in which enlployeies are paid biw
r
<sekly.




$15. 85
16.03
17. 28
15.02
18.16
117.06

6
10
4
4
4
2

16. 25

30

53 $0.560 $0,483
58
.561
.481
14
.545
.630
.482
15
.556
12
.515
.470
.570
.570
9
161
.563
.491
----- ----- ----------

1.501

15.7

144.8

INDUSTRY,

Packers—Females:
District 2................
..
.
..........
Rippers open of paunches and pecks—Fe­
males:
District 2.........................................................

MEAT-PACKING

22

Inspectors and graders—Females:
District 1___
.
..........
5.............................................................

AD
N

9

4.7

2

Total.................................................................

.317

3

2
4
1
1
1

.310

2

13

.390

1
1

........................

Toe pullers, feet splitters, and trimmers—Fe­
males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................

3

SLAUGHTERING

Total..............................

1

T a b l e 9 .—HOURS, W AGES, AND EARNINGS OF EM PLOYEES, B Y DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, S E X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921— Continued.

Or

H ID E D E P A R T M E N T —Concluded.
[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Occupation, sex, and district.

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

$14.81
14.62
14.95
14.75
14.68
14.44

5
10
4
4
4
2

14.69

29

234
354
30
90
48
49

.227
.238
.258
.223
.252
.225

11. 26
10.09
13.03
10. 82
9.93
11.83

805

.234

49.3
42.3
49.8
48.2
38.4
45.0
45.2

4
9
2
4
4
3
26

.228
.239
.261
.224
.259
.263
.237

10.73

52 $0,544 $0,464
.482
66
.563
20
.601
.519
.462
17 - .542
12
.504
.450
25
.538
.538
192
.553
.484
121
200
17
48
35
40

.531
.533
.531
.501
.442
.485

.451
.453
.451
.421
.402
.485

461

.518

.448

Aver­
age
basic
or reg­
ular
hours
per
week.

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week.

$0,468
.483
1.497
.462
.452
.559
1.486

5.7
5.8
16.0
5.9
5.8
5.4
15.7

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
51.8
48.0
48.2

45.6
44.7
148.3
44.6
47.1
42.9
145.2

.453
.453
.455
.425
.402
.513
.452

5.6
5.2
4.2
4.1
5.5
5.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
49.5
48.0

5.2

48.1

$0.527
.522
1.517
.522
.472
.622

5.7
5.9
15.5
5.5
5.4
5.0
15.4

47.7
47.7
48.0
48.0
52.5
50.8
48.5

Aver­
age
earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

$21.34 $26.11
21.57 27.02
124.00 28.85
20.61 26.02
21.32 25.15
24.05 25.82

$22.27
23.14
24.91
22.18
23.31
25. 82

121.95

26.60

23.33

44.1
39.7
33.0
30.3
42.6
37.8

20.00
18.00
15.01
12.87
17.13
19.39

25.49
25.58
25.49
24.05
20.77
23. 28

21.65
21.74
21.65
20.21
19.90
23.28

39.7

17.94

24.81

21.55

45.8 $24.16 $28.57
22.83 28.14
43.7
i 43. 4 i 22. 46 27. 84
22.16 28.46
42.5
19. 31 26. 88
40.9
27. 44 27. 99
44.1
i 23.12 28.17
144.0

$24. 76
24.28
23.95
24.53
24.68
27.38

CASING DEPAR TM ENT.
Casing pullers or runners—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

8
17
10
6
12
6

Total.................................................................

59




125 $0,301 $0,296
.312
.302
228
.292
.291
95
.273
.275
43
.284
.285
77
.320
.263
29
.296
.298
597

59.3
52.8
52.2
49.1
48.0
50.6

$17.54
15.96
15.23
13.48
13.66
16. 20

53.1

15. 71

6
10
4
4
4
4
32

122 $0.599 $0.519
133
.590
.509
45
.580
.499
.593
.511
35
.522
43
.470
30
.551
.539
.582
408
.509

1.526

24.69

STATISTICS.

58.8
55.1
53.'4
58.0
55.3
46.7
55.6

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

LABOR

49 $0,253 $0,252
98
.266
.263
14
.280
.279
30
.253
.254
13
.266
.265
15
.251
.309
.264
219
.260

Average rate Aver­
of wages
age
Num­
per hour.
earn­
ber of
ings per
em­
hour
ploy­
after
Before After
ees. reduc­ reduc­ reduc­
tion.
tion. tion.

O
F

7
14
5
5
7
4
42

Aver­
Aver­
Aver­
age
age
hours
age
earn­
earn­ actu­
ings re­
ings
ally
per worked ceived
hour. in one in one
week. week.

BUREAU

Total................................................................

35

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
hour.

TH
E

Total................................................................
Laborers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

4
14
3
5
5
4

Num­
ber of
em­
ploy­
ees.

O
F

Spreaders and salters—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

BULLETIN

1921

1917

Strippers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
o.............................................................
6.............................................................

7
17
7
6
10
2

98
108
25
43
28
3

.251
.271
.272
.240
.274
.206

.251
.273
.273
.246
.275
.268

57.0
51.2
49.1
52.7
55.4
33.8

14.30
13.95
13. 38
12.96
15. 22
9.06

6
10
4
4
3
1

87
75
15
13
11
2

.557
.567
.608
.532
.533
.514

.477
.485
.523
.452
.472
.514

.479
.487
1.494
.471
.468
.632

5.5
5.7
15.4
5.3
5.8
4.0

47.7
47.6
48.0
48.0
50.2
48.0

41.0
42.5
1 41.6
40.3
47.0
41.5

19.63
20.72
i 20. 54
19.00
22.02
26.22

26.57
26.99
29.18
25.54
26. 76
24.67

22.75
23.09
25.10
21. 70
23.69
24.67

.260

.262

53.3

13. 95

28

203

.561

.482

1.483

i 5.6

47.9

i 41.9

i 20.25

26.87

23.09

8
15
8
5
10
6

170
193
60
60
43
45

.298
.321
.300
.353
.297
.292

.297
.318
.297
.351
.294
.326

57.3
53.3
51.7
56.8
52.2
46.9

17.03
16.96
15. 37
19.95
15. 38
15.28

6
10
4
4
4
2

97
131
35
22
26
25

.611
.630
.609
.622
.505
.772

.527
.543
.529
.535
.461
.772

.533
.548
1.521
.548
.463
.735

5.6
5.7
15.7
5.5
5.3
4.6

47.8
47.8
48.0
48.0
54.8
48.0

42.8
22.80
42.8
23.44
143.6 i 22.72
22.94
41.8
40.4
18.74
38.0
27.93

29.21
30.11
29.23
29.86
26.61
37.06

25.19
25.96
25. 39
25.68
25.26
37.06

Total.................................................................

52

571

.311

.312

54.1

16.88

30

336

.622

.547

i .547

15.5

48.4

i 42.3

i 23.12

29.98

26.47

Turners—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

7
12
5
4
4
4

28
41
8
22
6
7

.276
.269
.274
.233
.263
.205

.279
.268
.274
.232
.260
.282

50.8
55.3
52.2
49.8
56.8
40.3

14.15
14. 82
14.29
11.56
14. 77
11.35

6
10
4
4
4
3

26
35
14
10
5
9

.614
.547
.571
.559
.532
.531

.531
.467
.491
.477
.486
.522

.538
.473
i .488
.500
.500
.694

5.3
5.6
15.4
5.4
5.0
4.4

47.8
47.8
48.0
48.0
53.7
48.0

39.9
42.2
142.8
40.7
37.2
39.8

21.43
19.99
i 20. 87
20. 34
18. 58
27.62

29.35
26.15
27.41
26.83
27.77
25.49

25. 38
22.32
23.57
22.90
21.94
25.06

36

112

.260

.264

52.0

13.75

31

99

.567

.494

1.516

i 5.3

48.2

i 41.0

i 21.16

27.27

23.81

6
14
8
4
4
3

28
69
23
17
10
5

.259
.273
.280
.250
.255
.206

.259
.273
.279
.249
.258
.266

61.3
54.9
52.1
57.7
52.1
46.4

15. 87
14.97
14.56
14. 39
13.42
12.34

6
9
4
3
3
3

25
30
15
7
10
7

.552
.556
.561
.568
.518
.520

.472
.476
.481
.486
.470
.508

.479
.482
1.485
.529
.473
.679

5.9
5.7
i 5.6
5.1
5.8
4.1

47.8
47.8
48.0
48.0
59.3
48.0

45.7
21.91
43.6
21.10
143.1 i 20.89
38.9
20.58
23.50
49.7
32.9
22.30

26.39
26.58
26.93
27.26
30. 30
24.96

22.56
22.75
23.09
23.33
27.87
24.38

Total.................................................................

39

152

.266

.267

55.5

14.82

28

94

.550

.478

1.495

i 5.6

49.1

143.6

i 21.57

26.95

23.47

Measurers and bunchers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

6
14
2
4
2
2

19
26
2
10
2
3

.278
.281
.263
.254
.308
.245

.277
.288
.264
.269
.307
.341

65.3
54.9
43.5
63.6
51.0
47.8

18.05
15.80
11.50
17.09
15.68
16.32

6
10
2
3
3
2

22
19
2
7
4
5

.571
.563
.535
.545
.523
.535

.492
.483
.455
.465
.481
.535

.512
.493
.455
.465
.486
.724

5.5
5.9
6.0
5.9
5.8
4.4

47.9
47.8
48.0
48.0
55.1
48.0

45.6
47.3
45.0
43.6
42.1
39.0

23.34
23.28
20.48
20.24
20.46
28.23

27.35
26. 91
25.68
26.16
27. 88
25.68

23. 57
23.09
21.84
22.32
26.50
25.68

Total................................................................

30

62

.274

.283

58.6

16. 59

26

59

.558

.487

.512

5.6

48.4

45.1

23.08

26.95

INDUSTRY.

Total................................................................
Blowers, graders, and inspectors—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

MEAT-PACKING

305

AD
N

49

SLAUGHTERING

Total................................................................
Fatters and slimers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

23.57

i Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biwee kly.




Cn
-a

T a b le 9 .-H 0 U R S , W AGES, AND EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES, B Y DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, S E X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921—Continued.

Or
00

CASING DEPARTM ENT—Continued.
[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Occupation, sex, and district.

Aver­
Num­ age
ber of rate of
em­
ploy­ wages
per
ees. hour.

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

$17.38
15.69
15.68
15.51
15.89
13.43

5
10
4
3
3
2

52 $0,572 $0.491
45
,468
,488
9
.502
.582
12
.556
.476
8
.513
.471
6
.530
.530

$0,494
.495
i .517
.480
.471
.724

Aver­
age
basic
or reg­
ular
hours
per
week.

5.7
5.8
16.0
5.3
6.0
4.8

48.0
47.4
48.0
48.0
53.6
48.0

45.4 $22.43 $27.46
22.60 26,92
45,7
i 45.4 i 23.48 27,94
42.8
20.57 26,69
51.1
24.05 26.57
42.1
30.46 25.44

48.1

i 45.5

i 22.84

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week.

Aver­
age
earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

$23.57
23.13
24.10
22.85
25.25
25.44

27.07

23.57

O
F

63.8
54.2
52.7
59.2
58.0
54.3

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

BUREAU

70 $0,274 $0,272
65
.288
.290
15
.297
.298
.262
.262
17
.271
.274
13
10
.225
.248

6
14
6
4
5
5

Average rate Aver­
of wages
age
Num­
per hour.
earn­
ber of
ings per
em­
hour
ploy­ Before After
after
ees.
reduc­ reduc­ reduc­
tion.
tion. tion.

.277

.278

58.3

16.19

27

132

.564

.490

'1.502

7
16
8
4
9
a

73
116
37
37
20
16

.273
.287
.280
.275
.290
.235

.270
.286
.281
.272
.294
.286

15.07
55.9
51.4 i 14.68
52.7
14.79
57.8
15.70
53.1
15.59
49.2
14.09

6
10
4
4
2
3

49
57
19
15
9
14

.574
.581
.576
.543
.506
,531

.494
.497
.496
.465
.443
.496

.501
.503
i .513
.530
.447
,582

5.7
5.8
i 5.9
5.6
5.8
4.6

47.8
47.9
48,0
48.0
50.7
48.0

42.9
44.0
1 46.8
43.7
42,8
43.0

21.49
22.14
i 23.57
23.15
19.14
25.04

27.44
27.83
27.65
26.06
25.65
25.49

23.61
23.81
23,81
22.32
22.40
23.81

Total................................................................

50

299

.279

.280

53.4

14.94

29

163

, 566

.490

1.510

i 5.7

48.1

i 43.7

i 22.25

27.22

23.57

Blowers and tiers of bladders and weasands—
Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

4
7
2
1
1
1

.256
.278
.286
.243
.288
.279

.257
.278
.288
.242
.288
.279

54.8
56.4
57.2
67.0
59.8
45.0

14.09
15.67
16.45
16.25
17.18
12.54

2
1
1
2

8
1
1
3

.557
,580
.535
,568

.476
.500
.455
.488

.478
.500
.460
,490

5.9
6.0
6.0
5.7

48.0
48,0
48.0
48,0

43.3
43.5
49.0
42.5

20.67
21.75
22.52
20.83

26.74
27.89
25.68
27,26

22.85
24,00
21.84
23.42

l

12
9
3
2
2
1

1

1

.528

.528

.649

4.0

48.0

41.5

*26.94

25.34

25.34

16 1

29

.268

.268

56.4

15.13

7

14

.557

.482

.492

5.7

48.0

43.4

21.36

26.74

23.14

Total................................................................




j
i
;

15.7

STATISTICS.

190

LABOR

40

Trimmers of casings—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3 .............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

Total.................................................

TH
E

Aver­
Aver­
Aver­
age
age
hours
age
earn­
earn­ actu­ ings re­
ally
ings
per worked ceived
hour. in one in one
week. week.

O
F

Salters and packers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.....................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

1921

BULLETIN

1917

Total................................................................

58

Laborers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3........................................................... ..
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6 ...
...........

4
13
5
4
1
3

Total.................................................................
Truckers—Males:
District 1...........................................................
2...........................................................
3............
.............................
4...........................................................
5.............................................................

.272
.289
.289
.256
.289
.245

53.4
53.5
51.7
48.8
55.4
50.3

14.49
15.44
14.95
12.47
16.04
12.32

6
7
3
4
4
3

29
22
5
9
43
13

.569
.556
.$10
.580
.505
.580

.489
.480
.562
.518
.466
.559

.495
.496
.603
.556
.478
.610

5.4
5.8
5.8
5.6
5.5
5.6

47.7
47.9
48.0
48.0
51.5
50.8

43.6
44.8
44.8
46.1
42.6
46.9

21.61
22.18
27.02
25.61
20.38
28.62

27.14
26.63
29.28
27.84
24.69
29.46

23.33
22.99
26.98
24.86
24.00
28.40

.272

.275

52.7

14.52

27

121

.548

.492

.512

5.6

49.5

44.1

22.55

26.58

24.35

105
97
13
26
3
3

.226
.234
.226
.207
.208
.189

.226
.236
.226
.217
.211
.210

58.7
47.6
45.6
49.5
43.3
38.0

13.25
11.26
10.32
10.73
9.16
8.00

5
8
2
4
1

43
43
4
11
7

.531
.530
.523
.506
.444

.451
.450
.443
.426
.400

.491
.450
i .450
.438
.400

5.7
5.6
1 5.7
4.5
6.0

48.0
47.9
48.0
48.0
60.0

42.1
20.66
43.5
19 56
143.3 1 19.50
35.3
15.46
18.94
47.4

25.49
25.39
25.10
24.29
26.64

21.65
21.56
21.26
20.45
24.00

30

307

.226

.228

53.5

12.19

20

108

.522

.444

i . 462

15.6

48.7

142.3

119.54

25.42

21.62

4
5
1
3
2

10
21
1
9
6

.243
.242
.200
.213
.238

.243
.247
.200
. 21,7
.238

38.1
51.0
28.0
50,4
56.8

9.24
12.58
5.60
10.97
13.50

4.
7

25
15

.535.
.531

.455
.451

.456
.452

5.8
5.6

47.9
47.8

43.7
42.3

19.92
19.11

25.63
25.38

21.79
21.56

2
3

2
13

.513
.429

.433
.393

.487
.409

5.0
5.4

48.0
51.6

35.8
39.8

H 4i
16.27

24.62
20.89

20.78
20.28

92
112
40
26
65
75
410

15

47

.235

.238

48.4

11.53

16

55

.508

.438

.445

5.6

48.8

42.1

18.74

24.43

21.37

Casing pullers or runners—Females:
District 1.............................................................
2 .......................................................
4.........................................................

1
1

1
1

.175
.215

.175
.215

46.5
50.0

8.14
10.75

1
3
1

1
14
2

.415
.474
.480

.335
.394
.400

.343
.394
.516

6.0
5.9
40

48.0
48.0
48.0

50.0
43.1
31.0

17.16
16.96
16.00

19.92
22.75
23.04

16.08
18.91
19.20

Total..............................................................

2

2

.195

.196

48.3

9.45

5

17

.471

.391

.401

5.6

48.0

42.1

16.86

22.61

18.77

1

17

.151

.151

52.8

7.98

3
5

21
20

.431
.456

.351
.376

.352
.375

6.0
5.8

48.0
48.0

42.1
43.3

14.85
16.20

20.69
21.89

16.85
18.05

Total.................................................................

1

17

.151

.151

52.8

7.98

8

41

.443

.363

.363

5.9

48.0

42.7

15.51

21.26

17.42

Fatters and slimers—Females:
District 1.............................................................
2 .............................................................
4
. .

1
1
1

1
2
2

.175
.145
.150

.175
.144
.150

49.0
52.5
59.3 -

8.58
7.58
8.89

1
2

1
3

.420
.493

.340
.413

.340
.410

6.0
6.0

48.0
48.0

44.5
43.7

15.13
17.89

20.16
23.66

16.32
19.82

Total................................................................

3

5

.153

.152

54.5

8.30

3

4

.475

.395

,392

6.0

48.0

43.9

17.20

22.80

INDUSTRY,

Total.................................................................
Strippers—Females:
District 1.............................................................
2 .........................................................

MEAT-PACKING

.270
.293
.283
.254
.286
.232

AD
N

6
17
10
5
12
8

SLAUGHTERING

General workers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

18.96

i Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.




Or
CP

T a b l e 9 .—HOURS, W AGES, AND EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES, B Y DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SE X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921—Continued.

CASING DEPARTMENT—Concluded.

Oi
O

[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Occupation, sex, and district.

Aver­
Aver­
age
hours
age
earn­ actu­
ally
ings
per worked
hour. in one
week.

Aver­
age
earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

1

3 $0,167 $0.169

50.8

1

3

.167

.169

50,8

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

Aver­
age
basic
or reg­
ular
hours
per
week.

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week.

Aver­
age
earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

Average full­
time earnings
£er week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

$8.61

Total...................................................

Average rate Aver­
of wages
age
Num­
per hour.
earn­
ber of
ings per
em­
hour
ploy­ Before After after
ees. reduc­ reduc­ redac­
tion. tion.
tion.

1
3

1 $0,475 $0,395
.394
11
.474

$0.395
.392

6.0
5.4

48.0
48.0

48.0
40.6

8.61

4

12

.474

.394

.392

5.4

48.0

41.2

16.16

22.75

18.91

27
26
12
1
11

.420
.490
.390
.530
.3?5

.340
.410
.310
.450
.285

.340
.404
i .329
.450
.285

5.7
5.7
i 5.3
5.0
5.9

48.0
47.7
48.0
48.0
48.0

42.5
40.2
1 39.7
40.0
43.2

14.46
16.24
i 13.08
18.00
12.31

20.16
23.37
18.72
25.44
16.08

16.32
19.56
14.88
21.60
13.68

$18.96 $22.80
15.90 22.75

$18.96
18.91

.157
.193

.157
.191

51.9
46.9

8.16
8.98

2
2

2
15

.163
.154

.165
.154

49.8
52.5

8.23
8.08

2
5
2
1
1

Total................................................................

13

132

.164

.163

51.0

8.30

11

77

.441

.353

i . 354

15.7

47.9

141.5

1 14.69

21.12

16.91

1
1

5
2

.160
.203

.160
.200

49.8
42.0

7.97
8.39

2
2

10
2

.456
.465

.376
.385

.376
.385

5.9
6.0

48.0
48.0

46.0
39.5

17.30
15.21

21.89
22.32

18.05
18.48

Total................................................................

2

7

.172

.170

47.6

8.09

4

12

.458

.378

.377

5.9

48.0

44.9

16.95

21.98

18.14

Salters and packers—Females:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
4 .............................................................

2
1
1

12
1
1

.150
.200
.150

.157
.200
.150

46.3
59.0
51.5

7.26
11.80
7.72

3
2

10
2

.431
.440

.351
.360

.350
.361

6.0
6.0

48.0
48.0

42.6
44.0

14.92
15.87

20.69
21.12

16.85
17.28

Total................................................................

4

14

.154

.160

47.6

7.62

5

12

.432

.352

.352

6.0

48.0

42.8

15.08

20.74

16.90

Measurers and bunchers—Females:
District 1..........................................................
2...........................................................




STATISTICS.

91
24

LABOR

2
7

O
F

Blowers, graders, and inspectors—Females:
District 1................................................
2 ..................................................
3 ...................................................
4...........................................................
5 .............................................................

BUREAU

Turners—Females:
District 1................................................
2............................................
4 ...........................................................

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

TH
E

Num­ Aver­
age
ber of rate of
wages
ploy- per
ees. hour.

O
F

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

1921

BULLETIN

1917

Trimmer sof casings—Females:
District 1.................................

9.08
9.03
10.58

3
8
2
3

14
33
3
4

.430
.508
.515
.307

.350
.427
.441
.275

.351
.427
.441
.275

5.1
5.8
5.7
5.3

48.0
47.8
48.0
50.6

38.0
42.2
40.3
40.5

13.33
18.02
17.80
11.15

20.64
24.28
24.72
14.98

16.80
20.41
21.17
13.92

104

.189

.187

50.0

9.33

16

54

.474

.397

.398

5.6

48.1

40.9

16.28

22.80

19.10

3
1
1

19
1
2

.156
.180
.150

.155
.180
.150

53.8
35 0
48.8

8. 33
6.30
7.31

3

70

.433

.353

.358

5.9

48.0

41.6

14.87

20.78

16.94

22

.157

.155

52.5

8.15

3

70

.433

.353

.358

5.9

48.0

41.6

14.87

20.78

16.94

1
6
1

7
30
’ 6

.175
.187
.175

.177
.183
.175

45.0
44.8
39.7

7.98
8.19
6.94

2
2
2
1

4
4
4
14

.464
.435
.420
.316

.384
.355
.340
.316

.402
.349
.353
.316

5.3
4.8
3.8
5.4

48.0
48.0
48.0
52.5

40.0
37.4
25.6
39.8

16.08
13.06
9.05
12.58

22.27
20.88
20.16
14.22

18.43
17.04
16.32
16.59

8

43

.183

.181

44.1

7.98

7

26

.373

.336

.339

5.0

50.4

37.3

12.65

17.31

16.93

1

3

.175

.175

44.8

7.84

3
3

11
12

.450
.461

.370
.381

.370
.381

5.2
5.7

48.0
48.0

39.5
43.5

14.60
16.56

21.60
22.13

17.76
18.29

1

3

.175

.175

44.8

7.84

6

23

.456

.376

.376

5.4

48.0

41.6

15.62

21.89

18.05

1

1

.'530

.450

.450

6.0

48.0

45.0

20.25

25.44

21.60

8 $0.604 $0.524
.626
.568
11
.542
.584
7

$0.536
.656
.637

6.0
6.0
6.0

48.0
48.0
49.3

46.2
40.0
39.9

$24.75 $28.99
26.20 30.05
25. 40 25. 53

$25.15
27.26
26. 72

41.8

.

Total.
Blowers and tiers of bladders and weasands—Females:
District 1.............................................................

Total.
General workers—Females:
District 1........................

2..........................
4
5

Total.
Laborers—Females:
District 1............

2 ............

Total.
Truckers—Females:
District 1............

CUTTING OR FR E SH -B E E F D EPA R T M EN T .
Ribbers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2 .............................................................
Districts 3 to 6....................................................

5
12
6

15 $0.304 $0,30816
.325
.340
.299
.298
10

61.3
58.1
61.1

$18. 85
19.73
18.19

4
7
6

Total................................... i ...........................

23

19.03

17

26

.608

.547

.610

6.0

48.3

41

.311

.317

60.0

Laborers—Males:
District 1...........................................................
2...........................................................
Districts 3 to 6 ....................................................

7 1,023
15 1.017
27
660

.228
.240
.239

.228
.242
.241

59.8
52.6
54.6

13. 63
12. 73
13.15

6
10
11

558
427
244

.536
.532
.519

.456
.452
.465

.460
.455
i .482

5.7
5.7
15.8

Total.................................................................

49 2,700

.236

.236

55.8

13.18

27 1,229

.531

.457

i .462

i 5.7

i Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.




25. 54

29.06

26.42

47.9
48.0
49.3

44.3
20.38
44.4
20. 22
1 45.5 i 21. 92

25.67
25.54
25. 48

21. 84
21.70
22. 92

48.2

144.6

25. 59

22. 03

i 20.62

INDUSTRY.

57.0
49.7
44.9

MEAT-PACKING

.159
.182
.236

AD
N

.157
.182
.238

SLAUGHTERING

17
67
20

5

4
5

2
9
3
14

2..................................

T a b l e 9 .-H 0 U R S , W AGES, ANX> EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES, B Y DEPARTM ENT, OCCUPATION, SE X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921-Continued.

05

C U T T IN G OR F R E S H -B E E F D E P A R T M E N T —Concluded.

2,

[District 1, Chicago; district
Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, ajid St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Occupation, sex, and district.

Aver­
Num­ age
ber of rate of
em­ wages
ploy­ per
ees. hour.

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

Average rate Aver­
age
of wages
Num­
earn­
per hour.
ber of
ings per
em­
hour
ploy­ Before After
after
ees. reduc­ reduc­ reduc­
tion.
tion. tion.

22.34
23.26
i 22.78

26. 87
27.17
28.08

23.12
23.95
25.44

47.5

i 45.2

i 22. 74

27.22

23.89

5.9
6.0
6,0

47.4
48.0
50.0

44.3
45.1
46.5

26.16
22. 47
24.90

31.76
27.74
30. 75

27.97
23.90
26.95

.557

6.0

48.1

45.0

25.06

30.64

26.84

.572
.649
.595

.551
.629
1.607

5.2
5.6
15.7

47.8
48.0
50.0

38.8
40.2
i 42.2

21.36
25.29
i 25.59

31.36
35.76
32.70

27.34
31.15
29.39

.677

.595

123.46

32.70

28.86

.589
.480

15.4
48.5
- ■ ■=
5.1
48.0
5.8
48.0

140.1

.681
.551
.529

36.8

20.42

32.69

.575

.505

1.585
~ ••--- i
=
.556
.483
1.485
1.501

44.5

.573
.566
.585

.493
.499
.530

.490
.503
1.540

6.0
6.0
16.0

46.9
48.0
48.0

18

.573

.503

1.503

16.0

4
3
4

15
6
6

.670
.578
.615

.590
.498
.539

.590
.498 .
.535

18.12

11

27

.637

.558

23.16
17.16
18.20

5
5
8

41
18
27

.656
.745
.662

.296

.302

58.4

17.64

24

340

.588

4
3

12
4

.260
.281

.258
.283

65.3
53.3

16. 85
15.06

4
4
4

8
6
4

7

16

.265

.263

62.3

16.40

12

5
6
5

* 32
16
9

.361
.306
.307

.361
.300
.305

54.8
51.7
55.3

19.77
15.49
16.90

16

57

.337

.335

54.0

2 .........

7
10
18

246
79
101

.574
.516
.414

.577
.484
.387

40.2
35.5
47.0

Total..............
Trimmers—Males:
District 1.........

35

426

.526

.510

2 .........

5
13

120
44

.293
.276

Districts 3 to 6.

11

37

.308

.292
.274
.310

20. 87
=^=g=
17. 25
59.1
13. 94
50.9

Total..............

29

201

.292

.291

Total.

2 ..........................................................

Districts 3 to 6................................................
Total..............
Boners—Males:
District 1........
Districts 3 to 6.




53.0

16. 42

6

86
~■
8
9
14

56.2

16.37

15

31

40.9

18
1■
■—
3
6

.472

15.8

48.6

42.2
20.35 26.45
143.8 i 21.23 25.71

28.27
23.04
22.94

15.6

48.3

141.4

24.39

120. 75

27. 49

STATISTICS.

45.6
46.3
142.2

48.3

493

O LABOR
P

25.26

5.8

168 $0.587 $0,508
.606
.536
85
.572
87
.540

BUREAU

28.28

.558

42

Ham facers, Strippers, and markers—Males:
District 1.........................................................

Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

24.82

.523

6
9
9

2 ...................

Average full­
time earnings
per week.

$24.28
25.73
26.73

47.1
39.5
44.4

$17.75
18.13
16.98

Districts 3 to 6...........

Aver­
age
earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

$24.67 $28.06
23.37 29.09
26.53 27.86

47.8
48.0
49.5

62.3
53.8
54.1

Total.
Sawyers, power—Males:
District 1...................

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week.

5.8
5.8
5.9

263 $0.284 $0,285
.316
105
.337
.306
.314
125

Districts 3 to 6 ............... .

Aver­
age
basic
or reg­
ular
hours
per
week.

$0,524
.592
.598

6
15
21

2 .......................

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

T E
H

Aver­ Aver­
Aver­
age
age
age
hours earn­
earn­ actu­
ings re­
ings
ally
per worked ceived
hour. in one in one
week.
week.

O
P

Luggers and lifters—Males:
District 1........................

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

1921

BTJIiETXN

1917

5
12
15

74
49
54

.278
.307
.306

.297
.307
.303

58.1
60.6
62.2

17.23
18.61
18.86

6
8
4

25
27
7

.611
.613
.664

.647
.566
.584

.546
.586
1.586

5.8
5.9
16.0

46.7
48.0
48.0

32

177

.294

.302

60.0

18.11

18

59

.618

.560

1.568

15.9

47.4

8
10
15

57
32
77

.314
.315
.288

.315
.314
.290

58.4
65.5
* 57.3

18.38
17.42
16.63

7
5
10

44
12
65

.656
.630
.607

.585
.570
.555

.593
.573
1.569

5.5
5.4
15.8

33

166

.302

.303

57.3

17. 39

22

121

.627

.567

3
10
7

13
20
25

.247
.276
.285

.245
.281
.302

53.4
63.1
56.8

13.08
17. 72
17.14

5
4
4

13
6
4

.568
.556
.588

.494
.489
.508

.495
.516
.562

5.8
5.5
5.5

47.5
48.0
48.0 ;

20

58

.274

.282

5a 2

16.43

13

23

.568

.495

.511

5.7

8
15
21

305
232
213

.248
.255
.262

.248
.256
.265

60.7
56.0
55.2

15.07
14.34
14.61

7
9
13

178
75
100

.545
.542
.524

.466
.462
.464

.471
.463
1.475

44

750

.254

.255

57.7

14/71

•
29

353

.538

.465

5
12
12

565
163
166

.225
.245
.239

.225
.245
.241

57.0
50.2
52.0

12.83
12.29
12.52

4
7
8

320
57
106

29

894

.231

.231

54.8

12.67

19

483

.540
.531
.495
.529

4
10
7

.250
.248
.261
.250

.250
.251
,264

6
5
11

65
18
40

.572
.568
,546

.251

74.5
56.0
52.5
68.3

18.62
14.07
13.86

21

192
67
23
282

17.15

22

123

.563

5
2
4
11

14
2
18
.34

.354
.745
.571
.492

.352
.546
.465
.420

60.7
38.0
59.3
58.6

21.33
20.74
27.60 ;

4
3
6

.685
.640
1.051

24.62

13

17
4
15
36

Trimmers of trimmings—Females:
District 2 ............................................................
Districts 3 to 6 ....................................................

3
1

37
12

.158
.175

.157
.175

52.9
36.6

2

10

.364

Total................................................................

4

49

.162

.160

48.9

8.29
6.40
7.82

2

10

.364

Packers, meat runners, order men, and stowers—
Males:
District 1..........................................................
2 ...........................................................
Districts 3 to 0....................................................
Total.................................................................
Truckers—Males:
District 1..........................................................
2 ...........................................................
Districts 3 to 6 . ..................................................
Total................................................................
Freezer and temperature men—Males:
District 1...........................................................
2 ...........................................................
Districts 3 to 6....................................................
Total................................................................
Calf skinners—Males:
District 1...........................................................
2...........................................................
Districts 3 to 6 ....................................................
Total................................................................

i Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.




.833

146.2

1 26.26

29.29

26.54

47.1
48.0
48.8

43.7
40.8
144.0

25.90
23.41
125.03

B0.90
30.24
29.56

27.55
27,36
27.08

48.1

l 43.6

125.19

30.10

27. 27

45.9
40.7
42,0

22.74
20.97
23.60

26.98
26.69
28.22

23.47
23.47
24,38

47.7

*43.9

22.43

27.09

23.61

5.9
5.7
15.7

47.9
48.0
49:6

45.4
44.0
146.3

21.35
20.37
121.96

26.11
26.02
25.62

22,32
22.18
23.01

1.470

15.8-

48.4

* 45.3

121.28

25,93

22,51

.460
. 451
.423

.461
.453
i .*432

5.7
5.2
15.8

25.92
25.49
24.75

■ ;456
i

15.7-

44.2
40.6
1 47.9
144.2

20.38
18.38
120.70

.451

48.0
48.0
50.0
48.-4

1 20/16

25.60

22.08
21.65
21.15
21.83

.494
.488
.509
.498

.497
.489
1.519
1.503

5.8
5.8
16,1
15,9

47i 8
48.0
49.1
48.2

44.9
46,3
1 49,6
146.6

22.29,
22.62
1 25.-76
123,43

27.34
27.26
26.37
27,02

23.61
23.42
24.99
24.00

.610
.579
.933
.741

.629
.603
.901
.741

5.6
5.0
5.9
5.7

47.8
48.0
48.0
47.9

45.6
36,0
44.8
44.2

28.70
21.70
40.33

32.74
30,72
50.45

29.16
27.79
44.78

32.77 -39.90

35.49

.308
.308

1.286

16.0 ; 51,0

1540

1 i5.44

18.56

15.71

154.0

115.44

18,56

15,71

1 .578

.286

15.6

6.0

51.0

O K iu a iH o n v T S

Total................................................................
Graders and'inspectors—Males:
District 1 , . . , ....................................—
2........ ................................ , ................
Districts 3 to 6 . . . , ............................................

R5.64
27.17
28.03

a&v

2...........................................................
Districts 3 to 6 ...................................................

P8.63
29.42
31.87

s iiia D v a -x v a M

Total.................................................................
Cutters and general butchers—Males:

35.13
46.0
27.51
47.0
142.9 125.14

• ia x s a a K i

Utility men, handy men, spell men, assistant
foremen, and straw bosses—Males:
District 1 ...........................................................
2 ............................................................
Districts 3 to 6....................................................

05

T a b l e 9 .— HOURS, W AGES, AND EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES, B Y DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, S E X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921— Continued.

Oi

C U T T IN G OR F R E S H -P O R K D E P A R T M E N T .

^

[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Occupation, sex, and district.

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
hour.

Aver­
Aver­
age
age
hours
earn­ actu­
ings
ally
per worked
hour. in one
week.

Aver­
age
earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week.

S . 471
O
.456
1.461
. 454
.421
.456

5.6
5.7
i 5.4
5.7
5.6
5.7

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
53.3
54.5

45.6
43.1
143.1
43.6
46.2
53.8

$21.48 $25.82
19.68 25.49
119.83 25.30
19.82 2162
19.47 25.30
24.49 27.69

Aver­
age
earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

502 $0.228 $0.230
.241
.240
578
.261
.258
139
.214
.215
94
.244
.244
245
.254
.254
122

54.9
49.0
50.6
46.3
52.9
53.8

$12.62
11.80
13. 20
9.96
12.89
13.65

6
10
4
4
4
3

.
179 $0.538 SO 459
286
.531
.452
139
.527
.447
30
.513
.433
.421
133
.480
.508
55
.447

.238

.239

51.7

12. 35

31

822

.522

.447

i. 454

15.6

49.3

145.0

120.42

25.68

22.04

$22.03
21.70
21.46
20.78
22.44
24.36

54 1,680
4
8
6
1
2
3

10
14
11
1
4
7

.279
.304
.291
.285
.269
.300

.279
.300
.291
.378
.267
.301

60.8
44.5
55.4
21.5
74.1
61.0

16.94
13.35
16.12
8.13
19.79
18.33

6
9
3
1
3
2

15
17
10
1
5
5

.613
.589
.594
.605
.545
.561

.533
.509
.514
.525
.491
.481

.545
.518
1.522
.525
.492
.481

5.6
5.8
1 6.0
5.0
5.8
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
51.3
48.0

44.0
40.8
1 48.3
33.5
45.0
48.1

23.95
21.11
1 25.19
17. 58
22.13
23.15

29.42
28.27
28. 51
29.04
27.14
26.93

25.58
24.43
24.67
25.20
25.19
23.09

Total................................................................
Ham cutters-off—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3............................................................
4..............
..........
5............................................................
6.............................................................

24

47

.292

.290

55.0

15.94

24

53

.590

.513

1.520

15.8

48.3

143.6

'*22.67
•

28.44

' 24.78

4
7
2
1
3
3

9
10
3
1
6
5

.309
.317
.300
.400
.302
.295

.315
.306
.325
.400
.273
.295

51.4
57.9
48.8
45.0
54.9
59.8

16.19
17.73
15.86
18.00
15.00
17.62

4
6
3

5
7
7

.604
.616.
.617

.524
.536
.537

.523
.553
1.536

5.2
6.0
15.7

48.0
48.0
48.0

38.1
43.9
144.3

19.91
24.29
123. 72

28.99
29.57
29.62

25.15
25.73
25.78

3
1

7
2

.559
.598

.510
.518

.512
.517

5.9
6.0

52.1
48.0

45.4
48.8

23.21
25.21

28.51
28.70

26.57
24.86

Total................................................................

20

34

.310

.304

54.7

16.67

17

28

.599

.526

i. 530

15.7

49.0

143.6

1 23.14

29.23

25.77




STATISTICS.

Total............................................................
Ham and shoulder sawyers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
€ .............................................................

O LABOR
F

Aver­
age
basic
or reg­
ular
hours
per
week.

BUREAU

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

Average rate Aver­
age
of wages
Num­
earn­
per hour.
ber of
ings per
em­
hour
ploy­
After after
ees. Before reduc­ reduc­
reduc­
tion. tion.
tion.

TH
E

6
17
9
5
12
5

Num­
ber of
em­
ploy­
ees.

O
F

Laborers (shovers, spacers, temperature men,
counters, cutters down, block tenders, sawyers-off of feet, wrappers, machine tenders,
and skin bundlers)—Males:
District 1...........................................................
2........................................................
3............................................................
4.............................................................
5........................................................
6........................................................

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

BULLETIN

1921

1917

5
10
2
1
3
3

31
22
6
1
12
11

.370
.394
.401
.400
.394
.301

.385
.389
.401
.400
.369
.300

53.7
51.5
57.8
45.0
52.3
49.5

20.69
20.01
23.17
18.00
19. 33.
14.86

6
10
4
2
3
3

[
20 i .694
.678
25
.684
13
4
.709
15
.610
9
.649

.614
.608
.604
.629
.562
.574

.630
.622
1.608
.760
.566
.575

5.8
5.8
15.7
6.0
5.7
5.9

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
51.6
53.3

42.9
41.4
145.1
34.8
46.1
53.8

27.01
25.78
1 27.41
26.42
26.07
30.94

33.31
32.54
32.83
34.03
30.26
34.59

29.47
29.18
28.99
30.19
29.00
30.59

Total................................................................

24

83 * .373

.375

52.5

19.69

28

86

.669

.598

1.611

i 5.8

49.2

1 44.1

1 26.91

32.65

29.08

Ham boners—Males:
District 1 •...........................................................
2.............................................................
3
4
5
6

6
14
10
6
11
5

84
56
38
14
32
35

.353
.500
.383
.694
.336
.290

.324
.474
.382
.552
.339
.293

51.3
40.3
56.0
39.8
55.4
55.2

16.62
19.10
21.40
21.93
18. 81
16.17

5
6
4
4
4
3

58
21
24
14
19
25

1.055
1.137
.747
1.263
.618
.612

.922
.993
.650
1.104
.563
.535

.984
.997
1.672
.942
.575
.539

5.4
5.7
1 5.9
5.6
5.9
5.9

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
52.7
51.4

40.1
33.5
148.8
40.7
50.1
52.3

39.48
33.36
132.83
38.34
28.82
28.18

50.64
54.58
35.86
60.62
31.64
31.46

44.26
47.66
31.20
52.99
29.67
27.50

259

.397

.367

50.0

18.35

26

161

.917

.804

1.794

15.7

49.1

143.6

1 34.60

44. 84

39.48

4
10
1
•1
5
2

10
12
2
1
7
11

.323
.386
.363
.250
.323
.298

.362
.409
.358
.247
.320
.297

53.0
48.3
64.5
42.5
60.9
55.5

19.18
19.75
23.10
10. 51
19.52
16.51

5
10
3
2
3
2

10
14
4
2
14
3

.723
.687
.716
.705
.587
.600

.643
.613
.636
.625
.536
.520

.657
.645
1.636
.709
.539
.524

6.0
5.7
16.0
6.0
5.4
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
52.1
48.0

32.61
49.6
40.2
25.94
1 47.7 1 30.32
37.0
26.25
41.4
22.31
26.02
49.7

34.70
32.98
34.37
33. 84
29.94
28.80

30.86
29.42
30.53
30.00
27.93
24.96

23

43

.334

.347

53.9

18.69

25

47

.662

.593

1.611

15.7

49.2

143.6

1 26.59

32. 37

29.18

4
12
5
1
3
2

14
35
8
1
7
7

.333
.337
.333
.235
.278
.281

.337
.347
.325
.235
.275
.284

49.3
46.5
57.2
43.5
55.6
49.1

16.62
16.14
18.59
10.22
15.31
13.95

5
9
3
2
3
2

20
21
12
4
11
4

.650
.615
.649
.659
.532
.588

.570
.535
.569
.579
.498
.508

.579
.548
i .585
.707
.501
.514

5.8
5.6
15.6
6.0
5.8
5.3

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
52.2
48.0

44.4
39.7
1 44.2
34.3
44.8
43.6

25.71
21.77
1 25.82
24.21
22.44
22.40

31.20
29.52
31.15
31.63
25.96
28.22

27.36
25.68
27.31
27.79
26.00
24.38

Total................................................................

27

72

.323

.327

49.3

16.13

24

72

.619

.546

1.560

15.7

48.6

142.4

123.73

29.77

26.54

Shoulder boners— Males:
District 1...............................................f ............
.
2.............................................................
3.........................................f .................
.
4.............................................................
5.............................................................

5
7
4
2
2

14
15
7
4
12

.308
.309
.351
.319
.320

.334
.304
.358
.316
.319

50.5
42.4
48.9
15.3
59.1

16.85
12.90
17.51
4.82
18.83

5
9
4
1

15
18
10
2

.635
.597
.613
.630

.555
.517
.533
.550

.562
.531
i .535
.556

6.0
5.3
1 4.4
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0

44.1
36.8
1 34.8
40.8

24.79
19.54
1 18.62
22.66

30.48
28.66
29.42
30.24

26.64
24.82
25.58
26.40

Total................................................................

20

52

.318

.325

47.2

15.33

19

45

.615

.535

i .545

1 5.4

48.0

1 39.1

1 21.29

29.52

INDUSTRY,

Total.................................................................
Shoulder trimmers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6 .............................................................

MEAT-PACKING

52

AD
N

Total.................................................................
Choppers-off, shoulders and ribs—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

SLAUGHTEBING

62480°—22— Bull. 294-

Ham trimmers—Males:
District 1................................... .........................
2.............................................................
3
4
5
.
6

25.68

1 Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.




OS

T a b l e 9 .— HOURS, W AGES, AND EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES, B Y DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, S E X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921— Continued.

Ci

C U T T IN G OR F R E S H -P O R K D E P A R T M E N T —Continued.
[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

4
7
2
1
2
1

Total . .............................................................

17

29

.269

4
6
2
1

15
11
5
1

2

..........................................

Loin pullers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5..............
............................
6.............................................................




.

-

.

.............

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week.

$0,501
.481
1.450

5.4
6.0
14.0

48.0
48.0
48.0

38.9
45.2
131.0

Average full­
Aver­ time earnings
age
per week.
earn­
ings re­
ceived Before After
in one reduc­ reduc­
week.
tion. tion.

48.7
44.8
65.3
64.5
56.8
52.5

$12.63
12.14
16.62
15.15
14.00
16.13

4
7
2
2

4

.514

.448

.454

6.0

51.0

51.1

23.24

26.21

22.85

.269

49.7

13.34

15

24

.560

.482

i .480

15.7

48.5

143.7

120.97

27.16

23.38

.282
.320
.307
.225

.290
.308
.307
.225

46.5
45.8
66.6
44.0

13.48
14.12
17.33
9.90

5
10
3

9
21
5

.597
.599
.627

.517
.519
.547

.521
.523
1 .545

6.0
5.8
16.0

48.0
48.0
48.0

46.0
43.0
1 47.5

23.98
22.47
1 25.89

28.66
28.75
30.10

24.82
24.91
26.26

5

.280

.280

49.0

13.72

2
2

3
5

.606
.567

.488
.487

.490
.488

6.0
6.0

55.0
48.0

51.5
47.6

25.25
23.32

25.30
27.22

26.84
23.38

15

37

.295

.295

47.9

14.13

22

43

.592

.516

1 .517

1 5.9

48.5

1 45.1

1 23.34

28.48

25.03

4
9
4
2
2
1

14
25
6
2
4
4

.317
.336
.325
.300
.267
.324

.323
.331
.328
.291
.262
.324

52.0
49.7
54.9
47.8
52.4
56.0

16.77
16.44
18.01
13.91
13.75
18.16

6
10
3
3
3
2

17
16
9
3
13
2

.629
.615
.646
.637
.569
.613

.549
.535
.566
.557
.523
.533

.564
.548
i .560
.591
.529
.532

5.6
6.0
1 5.1
6.0
5.8
5.5

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
55.5
48.0

44.7
25.22
24.27
44.3
1 40.5 1 22.67
23.94
40.5
47.9
25.34
23.68
44.5

30.19
29.52
31.01
30.58
30.61
29.42

26.35
25.68
27.17
26.74
29.03
25.58

22

55

.323

.321

51.4

16.63

27

60

.614

.542

i .551

15.7

49.6

1 44.5

30.27

28.88

10 10.257 $0,260
.,273
10
.271
.300
3
.300
1
.235
.235
3
.250
.246
2
.307
.307

7 $0 574 $0.494
11
.560
.480
2
.605
.525

$19.45 $27.55
21.75 26.88
1 13.95 29.04

1 24.53

$23.71
23.04
25.20

STATISTICS.

T o ta l......

Aver­
age
basic
or reg­
ular
hours
per
week.

LABOR

T otal..... ....... .

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

Average rate Aver­
of wages
age
Num­
per hour.
earn­
ber of
ings per
em­
hour
ploy­ Before After
after
ees. reduc­
reduc- reduc­
tion. ' tion.
tion.

O
F

Scribe sawyers—Males:
District 1................. .*.........................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

BUREAU

Butt pullers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2 . . . . ......................................................
3.............................................................
4 ...
. ...
5................................... *.......................
6..............
........

Aver­ Aver­
Aver­
age
age
hours
age
earn­
earn­ actu­ ings re­
ings
ally
ceived
per worked in one
hour. in one
week. week.

TH
E

Aver­
Num­
ber of age
rate of
em­ wages
ploy­ per
ees. hour.

O
F

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

Occupation, sex, and district.

BULLETIN

1921

1917

Bibbers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

.349
.315
.327
.344
.276
,298

50.5
49.2
49.4
38.7
55.0
54.4

17.64
15.48
16.17
13.28
15.16
16.22

6
9
3
2
3
2

20
20
11
2
27
6

.653
.616
.680
.695
.595
.616

.573
.536
.600
.615
.538
.539

.579
.546
1.608
.713
.539
.541

5.9
5.9
15.0
6.0
5.3
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
48.8
48.0

42.9
41.4
139.8
34.5
40.7
50.6

24.80
22.63
124.19
24.60
21.93
27.38

31.34
29.57
32.64
33.36
28.68
29.57

27.50
25.73
28.80
29.52
26.25
25.87

Total*...
............
Trimmers and ham and shoulder skinners—
Males:
District 1.............................................................
2 ...................................... ......................
3 : ...........................................................
4 .............................................................
5 .............................................................
6 .............................................................

27

119

.318

.320

50.8

16.26

25

86

.628

.555

1 .559

15.6

48.2

141.9

123.44

30.21

26.75

5
13
8
5
5
5

138
87
41
17
36
49

.283
.308
.307
.284
.263
.283

.290
,307
.314
.278
.260
.283

49.1
47.1
53.1
41.5
58.0
55.2

14.27
14.46
16.68
11.55
15.10
15.59

6
10
4
2
4
3

93
83
103
9
57
17

.634
.598
.619
.599
.522
.602

.557
.518
.538
.519
.484
.523

.558
.521
l . 523
. 715
.490
.524

5.5
5.7
15.4
5.0
5.5
5.9

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
54.1
48.7

41.1
40.9
1*43.5
27.4
42.4
47.6

22.91
21.30
122.76
19.61
20.78
24.96

30.43
28.70
29.71
28.75
27.51
29.32

26.74
24.86
25.82
24.91
26.18
25.47

Total................... ............................................

41

368

.290

.292

50.4

14.71

29

362

.601

.529

1.530

15.6

49.0

141.8

122.15

29.33

25.92

Trimmers of trimmings—Males:
District 1___ *.......... .........................................
2 .............................................................
3 .............................................................
4 .............................................................
5 ...........................................................
6 .............................................................

5
8
6
4
7
4

77
59
40
.17
33
102

.361
.384
.340
.300
.258
.261

.367
.374
.341
.293
.259
.262

49.0
48.7
55.9
39.3
51.2
53.9

17*96
18.23
19.08
11.50
13.25
14.11

5
4
2
1
1
2

52
40
19
8
3
58

.765
.812
.695
.990
.525
.549

.667
.711
.603
.886
.450
.469

.661
.724
.601
.856
.450
.471

5.4
5.9
6.0
4.8
6.0
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0

42.8
39.0
47.4
36.3
45.0
50.2

28.27
28.21
28.49
31.10
20.25
23.61

36.72
38.98
33.36
47.52
25.20
26.35

32.02
34.13
28.94
42.53
21.60
22.51

328 j .318

.316

51.0

16.14 !
1

15

180

.704

.611

.601

5.8

48.0

44.5

26.77

33.79

29.33

34

6
11
6
5
4
4

16
34
9
5
12
24

.290
.308
.308
.270
.307
.333

.291
.307
.313
.274
.306
.336

63.3
58.6
56.9
46.8
60.1
58.6

18.39
18.01
17.78
12.82
18.42
19.67

6
9
4
2
4
3

31
37
36
3
10
27

.575
.581
.592
.530
.593
.615

.495
.507
.521
.450
.539
.560

.506
.515
1.520
.454
.537
.564

5.9
5.9
15.8
6.0
5.7
5.9

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
53.3
48.9

47.9
44.9
146.1
46.7
50,4
48.2

24.21
23.10
1 23.98
21.18
27.05
27.18

27.60
27.89
28.42
25.44
31.13
30.07

23.76
24.34
25.01
21.60
28.73
27.38

T o t a l , . . . . ........... ......
. .
Packers, nailers, and car stowers and smallorder men—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2 ...........................................................
3.............................................................
4 .............................................................
5 .......................... .................................
6............................................................

36

100

.309

.310

58.8

18.24

28

144

.588

.519

1.525

15.9

48.5

146.9

124.59

28,52

25.17

6
14
8
4
11
5

116
175
64
23
263
80

.246
.247
.242
.226
.255
.268

.245
.248
.244
.227
.258
.269

55.4
55.3
53.2
42.0
53.9
53.9

13.57
13.71
12.96
9.54
13.91
14.49

6
10
4
3
3
2

77
84
35
17
92
35

.547
.546
.550
.536
.483
.551

.469
.466
.470
.461
.424
.483

.471
.467
i .471
.491
.423
.487

5.8
5.8
15.0
4.7
5.9
5.8

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
50.0
48.0

45.9
43.5
138.8
33.5
50.8
45.5

21.63
20.34
118.29
16.46
21.50
22.17

26.26
26.21
26.40
25.73
23.72
26.45

22.51
22.37
22.56
22.13
21.*20
23.18

Total................................................................

48

721

.251

.253

54.0

13.65

28'

340

.529

.457

1.458

15.7

48.5

145.3

120.74

25.55

22.16

1Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.




INDUSTRY.

Total................................................................
Utility men (handy men, all-round men, assist­
ant foremen, and straw bosses)—Males:
District 1. - .........................................................
2 .............................................................
3........................................................... .
4 .............................................................
5 .............................................................
6 .............................................................

MEAT-PACKING

.335
.323
.329
.347
.273
.298

AD
N

39
32
13
3
•7
1
15

SLAUGHTERING

4
9
5
3
3
3

T a b le 9 .— HOURS, W AGES, AND EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES, BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, S E X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921— Continued.

C*

00

CUTTING OR FRE SH-PO R K D E PAR TM EN T—Concluded.t
[Dstrict 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6 ,Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Occupation, sex, and district.

Aver­
Aver­
age
hours
age
earn­ actu­
ings
ally
per worked
hour. in one
week.

Aver­
age
earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week.

91 $0,225 $0,225
.238
.237
87
.232
86
.231
.212
.210
27
.238
103
.240
.261
40
.261

56.0
47.1
47.8
43.1
46.6
56.0

$12.58
11.18
11.09
9.06
11.08
14.62

5
8
4
2
4
2

69 $0,540 $0,459
.521
.442
61
36
.521
.441
.502
.422
6
54
.454
.406
31
.558
.478

$0,462
.452
1.472
.439
.409
.479

5.7
5.2
14.9
6.0
5.4
5.9

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
53.1
48.0

44.9
38.4
i 3S. 4
47.8
45.7
47.8

$20.75 $25.92
17.34 25.01
1 18.12 25.01
20.96 24.10
18.70 24.11
22.89 26.78

Aver­
age
earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

$22.03
21.22
21.17
20.26
21.56
22.94

434

.235

.234

49.6

11.62

25

257

.516

.443

1.450

15.5

49.1

i 43.3

U9.50

25.18

21.75

4
16
7
4
3
1

209
530
107
47
120
14

.234
.234
.226
.225
.201 * .201
.181
.193
.188
.189
.208
.208

47.3
41.1
35.6
33.3
37.5
42.6

11.07
9.26
7.17
6.02
7.10
8.86

4
9
3
3
3
1

161
195
71
16
100
37

.524
.498
.455
.642
.298
.396

.450
.432
.393
.558
.285
.356

.453
.442
1.411
.573
.286
.356

5.7
5.7
15.2
4.3
5.7
5.8

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
50.1
54.0

42.6
40.0
138.8
29.3
44.0
46.6

19.30
17.69
1 15.96
16.76
12.58
16.60

25.15
23.90
21.84
30.82
14.93
21.38

21.60
20.74
18.86
26.78
14.28
19.22

Total.................................................................
Packers (inspectors, wrappers, helpers, skin
bundlers, labelers, graders, etc.)—Females:
District 1........
..........................
2 .............................................................
3 ........
..........
4 ........
......................
5.........
........................................
6.......
........

35 1,027

.219

.219

41.1

9.01

23

580

.463

.405

1.410

15.6

48.7

i 41.4

116.97

22.55

19.72

27
9
3

.189
.164
.165

.191
.164
.163

45.0
54.5
65.5

8.61
8.92
10.69

3
4

21
35

.433
.471

.365
.396

.367
.405

5.8
5.5

48.0
48.0

42.8
40.4

15.72
16.36

20.78
22.61

17.52
19.01

2
1

17
2

.340
.334

.339
.300

.338
.368

5.5
6.0

48.4
54.0

43.2
44.0

14.60
16.20

16. 46
18.04

16.41
16.20

10

75

.427

.372

.377

5.6

48.2

41.8

15.78

20.58

17.93

Total.................................................................




5
2
1

8

39

.182

.181

48.8

8.84

STATISTICS.

33

LABOR

Total................................................................
Trimmers of trimmings—Females:
District 1.............................................................
2 ..........................................................
3 .............................................................
4............................................................
5 .............................................................
6 ............................................................

O
F

Aver­
age
basic,
or reg­
ular
hours
per
week.

BUREAU

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

Average rate Aver­
of wages
age
Num­ Num­
per hour.
earn­
ber of ber of
ings per
estab­ em­
hour
lish­ ploy­
After after
ments. ees. Before
reduc­ reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.
tion.

TH
E

6
8
6
4
5
4

Aver­
Num­
age
ber of rate of
wages
ploy- per
ees. hour.

O
F

Truckers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3
4
5 .............................................................
6.............................................................

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

1921

BULLETIN

1917

L A R D A N D OLEO OIL D E P A R T M E N T .

6
16
9
6
8
6

363 $0.223 S . 223
O
.240
288
.240
46
.239
.243
97
.220
.221
.241
73
.243
53
.241
.245
.232

53.4
------------

293 $0.532 $0.452
.530
.450
287
34
.508
.428
.506
102
.426
.458
.394
37
.521
.484
64

$0.454
.452
i. 474
.427
.397
.497

5.6
5.7
i 5.7
5.8
5.7
5.9

.523

.447

451

i 5.7

48.2
-----------

$12.17
13. 20
12.31
10.76
12.27
13.06

6
10
4
4
3
5

12.41

* 32

817
--------

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
51.2
48.2

44.3 $20.09 $25.54
20.31 25.44
44.9
i 45.4 i 21.54 24.38
19.43 24.29
45.5
18.31 23.45
46.1
25.21 25.11
50. 7

$21.70
21.60
20.54
20.45
20.17
23.33

i 20.43

25.21

21.55

i 45.3

.269
.277
.296
.238
.267
.301

59.3
64.7
64.6
57.6
66.0
61.6

15.94
17.94
19.15
13.71
17.65
18.57

6
10
3
4
4
5

31
49
10
12
29
30

.564
.558.564
.542
.502
.575

.487
.478
.484
.462
.445
.527

.501
.483
1.501
.465
.447
.543

5.6
5.9
16.0
5.8
6.0
5.9

48.0
50.0
48.0
48.0
52.3
50.0

23.37
46.6
49.2
23.75
i 46.2 i 23.12
20.99
45.2
24.89
55.7
28.69
52.8

27.07
27.90
27.07
26.02
25.75
28.75

23.38
23.90
23.23
22.18
23.27
26.35

140

.277

.278

63.1

17.53

32

161

.551

.482

1.490

15.9

49.8

150.0

i 24.59

27.16

24.00

5
7
4
3
1
1

7
8
4
3
3
1

.271
.256
.265
.267
.232
.298

.272
.257
.267
.264
.231
.298

73.8
59.9
49.5
58.8
47.5
60.0

20.08
15.37
13.20
15.51
10.98
17.85

2
7
2
4
4
2

4
9
2
6
7
2

.571
.575
.584
.554
.520
.538

.491
.495
.544
.474
.466
.498

.491
.490
1.525
.478
.471
.503

6.0
6.0
16.0
6.0
5.9
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
55.5
48.0

27.41
27.60
28.03
26.59
28.29
25.82

23.57
23.76
26.11
22.75
25.86
23.90

Total................................................................
Fillers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4...........................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

21

26

.263 | .263

60.5

15.91

21

30

.556

.487

1.485

16.0

49.8

23.58
48.0
24.00
49.0
148.0 i 25.20
22.89
47.9
58.1
27.40
24.92
49.5
i 50.8 124.64

27.52

24.25

5
14
7
6
11
7
50

90
63
17
35
38
28

.224
.249
.241
.222
.262
.270

61.5
58.5
53.9
51.2
51.8
58.7
57.4

13.86
14.63
13.08
11.18
13.65
15.78
13.82

6
9
4
3
4
4

91
44
11
15
31
28
220

.483
.549
.554
.510
.460
.517
.503

.462
.471
.474
.463
.408
.493
.461

.463
.474
1.491
.461
.409
.498

5.8
6.0
16.0
5.7
5.6
5.8

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
53.2
49.3

45.5
47.5
146.9
43.3
.47.7
49.8

21.06
22.55
i 23.04
19.96
19.55
24.79

23.18
26.35
26.59
24.48
24.06
25.49

22.18
22.61
22.75
22.22
21.71
24.30

1.463

15.8

48.9

146.7

i 21.63

24.55

22.54

50
21
4
20
4
8

.562
.554
.611
.552
.473
.556

.484
.474
.551
.476
.429
.496

47.3
48.7
148.0
46.4
50.8
49.6

.557

.482

5.9
6.0
16.0
5.8
6.0
5.6
i 5.9

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
52.1
48.0

107

.483
.479
1.544
.478
.432
.516
1.483

48.2

147.7

22. 81
23.33
i 26.12
22.19
21.93
25.60
123.07

26.98
26.59
29.33
26.50
23.79
26.69
26.79

23.23
22.75
26.45
22.85
22.35
23.81
23.23

Total.................................................................
Pumpers and refiners—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

5
12
3
6
6
2

Total.................................................................

34

271

.241

.225
.250
.243 i
.218
.263
.269
.241

24
24
6
16
9
5
84

.269
.284
.289
.256
.290
.312

.269
.284
.286
.263
.294
.313

71.4
62.4
53.0
51.6
64.8
5a 2

19.23
17.73
15.16
13.56
19.08
18.24

.277

.279

62.2

17.36

1 Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.




30
5
8
3
4
3
4
27

INDUSTRY.

49

MEAT-PACKING

Total................................................................
Roller men—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2 .............................................................
3 .............................................................
4 .............................................................
5 .............................................................
6 .............................................................

AD
N

51
920
.231
Total.................................................................
---------- -------- --------Melters (kettlemen, cooks, settlers, clarifiers,
skimmers, tankmen, and oleo makers)—Males:
5
16
.269
District 1.............................................................
48
2 .............................................................
16
.278
3 ............... ............................................
6
22
.297
4 .............................................................
5
14
.235
10
5 .............................................................
20
.267
7
6 .............................................................
20
.298

54.5
54.9
50.6
48.6
50.6
53.3

SLAUGHTERING

Laborers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2 .............................................................
3
4
5
: .......................................
6

T a b le 9 .— HOURS, W AGES, AND EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES, B Y DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, S E X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921— Continued.

CD

LARD AND OLEO OIL D EP AR T M E N T —Concluded.
[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; distict 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Occupation, sex, and district-

43

111

.291

1
2
1

19
3
5

4

Total............

.......................................

Pressmen or wheelmen—Males:
District 1.....
...................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5 .,.. ..
; ........................................ !
6.............................................................
TotaL............




.....................................

59.1
60.9
59.7
55.3
53.3
55.5

$17.84
18,62
17.08
17.33
15.21
16.72

2
7
3
3
2
3

.295

56.5

16.70

.115
.240
.150

.115
.242
.152

44.2
57.7
39.8

27

.135

.139

4
9
3
5
2
6

37
42
12
22
7
28

.276
.255
.261
.225
.234
.240

29

148

.252

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

Aver* Aver­ Aver­
age
age
age
basic hours
earn­
actu­
or reg­
ings re­
ular
ally
hours worked ceived
in one
per
in one week.
week. week.

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

8 $0*599 $0,529
14
.603
.551
6
.560
.493
7
.583
.526
5
. 565
.485
.629
9
.593

$0.530
.561
*.488
.509
.483
.600

5.6
5.9
1 6,0
6.0
6.0
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
60.4
48.0

45.1
47.4
1 48.0
48.1
50.4
50.7

$23.92 $28.75 $25.39
26.57 28.94
26.45
1 23.40 26. 88
23.66
24. 49 27.98 25. 25
24.34 28.48
24.44
30.42 30.19
28.46

20

49

.595

. 538

1.543

15.9

48.2

148.1

1 26.15

28.68

25.93

5.08
13.94
6.08

1

3

.513

.433

.432

5.7

48.0

45.3

19.57

24.62

20.78

44.9

6.25

1

3

.513

.433

.432

5.7

48.0

45.3

19.57

24.62

20. 78

.273
.256
.258
.224
.234
.244

53.9
53.8
53.0
53.0
55.4
49.2

14.73
13.77
13.70
11.86
12.98
11.98

6
8
2
4
3
2

82
39
4
16
12
21

.574
.539
. 539
.531
.468
.490

.489
.459
.459
.451
.425
.490

.490
.462
.456
.450
.428
.509

5.7
5.7
5.0
5.7
5.9
5.4

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
51.5
48.0

44.8
45.6
37.3
42.3
49.2
46.0

21.93
21.04
16.99
19.04
21.03
23.41

27.55
25.87
25.87
25.49
22.93
23.52

23.47
22.03
22.03
21.65
21. 89
23.52

.252

52.9

13.34

25

174

.544

.474

.477

5.6

48.2

45.0

21.47

26.17

22.85

STATISTICS.

Total................................................................
Labelers—Males:
District 1................................................... ...... ..
2.............................................................
3.........
' ..................

11 $0,290 $0,302
.306
.306
23
.286
12
.287
.313
9
.307
.285
45
.279
.297
.301
11

Average rate Aver­
of wages
age
Num­
per hour.
earn­
ber of
ings per
em­
hour
ployAfter
after
. ees. Before reduc­ reduc­
reduc­
tion.
tion. tion.

O LABOR
F

4
13
6
3
11
6

Num ­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

BUREAU

utility men (handy men, straw bosses, and as­
sistant foremen)—Males:
District 1.............................................................
...................................
2............
3.......
..............
4.............................................................
5..........
...................................
6.............................................................

Aver­
Aver­
Aver­
age
age
hours
age
earn­
earn­ actu­
ings re­
ings
ally
per worked ceived
hour. in one ill one
week.
week.

TH
E

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
per
hour.

O
F

Num­ Num­
ber of ber of
estab­ em­
lish­ ploy­
ments. ees.

1921

BULLETIN

1917

Can washers (tub liners, fillers, and labelers)—
Females:
District 1.............................................................
2 .............................................................
3 .............................................................
4 .............................................................
5 ............................................................
6 .............................................................

I
1
.150
.164
.163
.166
.178

54.0
52.6
41.3
41.6
53.6

8.10
8.62
6.73
6.89
9.55

3
4
3
4
3
1

41
9
7
18
29
3

.421
.411
.386
.392
.309
.385

.341
.331
.306
.312
.269
.305

.343
.330
.306
.314
.271
.305

5.8
5.6
5.9
5.8
5.3
5.7

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
51.1
48.0

43.5
42.8
45.6
45.6
42.1
45.3

14.91
14.‘l0
13.97
14.31
11.42
13.83

20.21
19. 73
18.53
18.82
15.79
18.48

16.37
15.89
14.69
14.98
13.75
14.64

90

.161

.160

50.6

8.09

18

107

.381

.312

.314

5.7

48.8

43.6

13.70

18.59

15.23

239 $0,530 $0.450
41
.450
.530
10
.437
.517
4
.509
.429
6
.438
.464
5
.544
.464

$0.451
.456
.432
.439
.464

5.9
5.2
1 5.2
4.8
5.7
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
54.3
48.0

45.9 $20.72 $25.44
18. 97 25.44
41.6
i 42.0 i 19. 44 24.82
38.3
16.54 24.43
22.49 23. 43
51.3
23.50 26.11
50.6

$21.60
21.60
20.98
20.59
23.78
22.27

25.34

21.60

SAUSAGE D EPAR TM EN T.
Truckers and forkers—Males:

3
6
6
2

2 .............................................................
3 .............................................................
4 .............................................................
5
6 .............................................................

2

79 $0,222 $0,222
35
.235
.235
9
.240
.241
11
.236
.236
5

.256

.257

44.6

11.47

4
9
3
3
4
1

139

.229

.229

51.4

11.78

24

50.1
55.4
51.1
51.6

$11.14
13.02
12.29
12.19

6
16
10
6
12
5

77
58
38
20
41
19

.262
.280
.271
.264
.306
.289

.260
*280
*276
.250
.304
.291

57.6
56.5
57.7
55.4
53.9
55.5

15.00
15.82
15.89
13.85
16.39
16.13

6
10
4
3
4
4

Total.................................................................

55

253

.277

.275

56.4

15.54

31

Casing workers (washers, turners, re-turners,
measurers, cutters, tiers, and fatters)—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2 .............................................................
3.......................................................... *
4 .............................................................
5 .............................................................
6............................................................

3
6
4
5
8
5

38
10
20
6
24
9

.222
.237
-.247
.245
.266
.244

.223
.239
.249
.255
.266
.242

60.5
45.1
56.9
42.2
51.5
59.6

13.53
10.78
14.17
10.75
13.69
14.44

31

107

.241

.241

55.3

13.35

Total................................................................

.528

.449

1. 452

15.7

48.1

145.3

120.49

.563
.570
.594
.639
.549
.589

.483
.490
.512
.547
.494
.520

.490
.493
i. 524
.501
.499
.533

5.9
5.9
i 5.8
6.0
5.9
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
52.3
49.8

45.6
47.0
1 49.2
47.4
52.2
52.1

22.37
23.16
i 25. 77
23.74
26.05
27.80

27.02
27.36
28.51
30.67
28.22
29.33

23.18
23.52
24.58
26.26
25.84
25.90

193

.573

.496

K 501

1 5.9

48.6

147.8

i 23.97

27.79

24.11

5
5
4
2
1
2

12
10
7
2
1
4

.542
.527
.542
.540
. 555
.554

.462
.449
.462
.460
.500
.474

.462
.453
1.480
.541
.500
.476

6.0
6.0
1 6.0
6.0
5.0
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
60.0
48.0

46.5
47.7
i 48.0
47.0
48.5
49.3

21.48
21.61
1 23.04
25.45
24.25
23.42

26.02
25.30
26.02
25.92
33.30
26.59

22.18
21.55
22.18
22.08
30.00
22.76

19

36

.539

.461

1.469

i 6.0

48.3

147.5

122.27

26.03

22.27

i

.

1 Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.




305

67
59
18
7
16
26 ;

INDUSTRY.

19

MEAT-PACKING

Total................................................................
Cutters (choppers, grinders, mixers, curers, feed­
ers, and machine tenders)—Males:
District 1.......................................................... ..
2 .............................................................
3 ............................................................
4 .............................................................
5.............................................................
6 .............................................................

AD
N

.150
.167
.163
.164
.178

19

Total................................................................

38
17
10
12
13

SLAUGHTERING

3
5
4
4
3

T a b le 9 . — HOURS, W AGES, AND EABNINGS OF EMPLOYEES, BY D EPARTM ENT, OCCUPATION, S E X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921— Continued.

-a

to

SAUSAGE DEPAR TM EN T—Continued.
[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Occupation, sex, and district.

%

Aver­
Aver­
Aver­
age
age
hours
age
earn­
earn­ actu­
ings re­
ally
ings
per worked ceived
hour. in one in one
week.
week.

7
15
10
6
13
6

131 $0.295 $0.290
65
.305
.30037
.285
.285
27
.343
.324
118
.307
.310
66
.270
.270

54.8
50.5
54.1
48.9
47.6
53.5

$15.91
15.15
15.41
15.85
14.78
14.44

6
9
4
4
4
4

Average rate Aver­
of wages
age
Num­
per hour.
earn­
ber of
ings per
em­
hour
ploy­
after
ees. Before After
reduc­ reduc­ reduc­
tion.
tion. tion.

79 $0.624 $0,539
58
.611
.530
21
.622
.538
12
.726
.630
22
.502
.446
33
.558
.615

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

Aver­ Aver­
Aver­
age
age
age
basic hours
earn­
or reg­ actu­
ings re­
ular
ally
hours worked ceived
per
in one in one
week. week. week.

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion, tion.

$0,535
.533
i . 562
.605
.450
.564

5.8
5.7
i 5.4
5.9
5.9
5.9

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
52.6
50.5

43.5
44.9
1 46.0
46.5
49.8
51.5

$23.28 $29.95
23.92 29.33
1 25.85 29.86
28.12 34.85
22.45 26.20
29.05 31.06

$25.87
25.44
25.82
30.24
23.46
28.18

444

.298

.295

51.7

15.23

31

225

.612

.535

1.536

15.8

48.8

146.0

124.69

29.87

26.11

2
2
6
3

10
7
45
41

.245
.229
.242
.258

.246
.228
.245
.259

49.3
54.0
46.0
53.1

12.13
12.33
11.27
13.75

2
2

3
24

.555
.541

.475
.462

.513
.485

6.0
5.8

48.0
48.0

51.5
49.4

26.40
23.97

26.64
25.97

22.80
22.18

2

18

.534

.454

.454

6.0

48.0

49.7

22.57

25.63

21.79

Total................................................................

13

103

.248

.250

49.7

12.41

6

45

.539

.460

.475

5.9

48.0

49.7

23.57

25. 87

22.08

Ropers (wrappers and tiers)—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2 ............................................................
3 .............................................................
4.............................................................
5.........................................................
6.............................................................

1
1
1
1

1
1
3
2
3

.400
.225
.235
.145
.283

.400
.225
.235
.148
.283

60.0
57.0
51.5
31.5
55.0

5

10

.247

.259

50.0

Total................................................................ 1
1




1

______ i
24.02 ........... I..........
12.82
!
12.10
i
j
4.66
1
15.58
i
......... .............
12.92 |
1

.............I..............
........... I..............
i

STATISTICS.

57

O LABOB
F

Total................................................................
Linkers, twisters, tiers, and hangers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2 .............................................................
5 .............................................................
6.............................................................

BUREAU

Staffers—Males:
District 1............................................................
2 ............................................................
3 ............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

TH
E

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
pioy- per
ees. hour.

Num­
ber of

O
F

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

1921

BULLETIN

1917

!

59.3
54.7
55.5
53.1
49.4
61.7

13.21
13.07
13.70
11.89
11.46
14.05

6
10
4
4
4
4

224
110
58
41
75
20

Total................................................................
Cooks—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

52 1,022

.228

.228

57.0

13.03

32

528

7
12
9
6
9
5

22
31
18
13
21
14

.256
.268
.278
.243
.297
.269

.257
.266
.280
.242
.294
.270

16.03
16.18
18.62
13.34
16.11
16.14

119

.270

.269

16.19

28
32
11
10
10
8
99

.472
.479
.484
.463
.475
.518

48

6
9
4
4
4
3
30

.552
.559
.564
.543
.527
.584

Total................................................................
Smokers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2 ............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

62.4
60.9
66.5
55.2
54.9
59.8
60.2

.555

6
14
7
5
13
5

16
21
11
9
24
9

.269
.273
.267
.253
.309
.300

66.2
63.0
70.3
60.8
58.2
62.4

17.81
17.21
18.78
15.38
17.96
18.72

6
8
4
4
3
3

26
18
8
8
6
7

Total................................................................
Packers (scalers and packers, shippers, and
nailers)—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

50

90

.268
.274
.269
.251
.308
.299
.282

.281

62.9

17.68

28

6
13
7
5
7
5

171
54
37
21
27
66

.231
.240
.248
.240
.256
.242

56.0
56.6
58.5
58.2
55.0
53.4

12.91
13.61
14.48
13.95
14.09
12.95

Total................................................................
Utility men (assistant foremen, straw bosses,
subforemen, handy men, small-order men, all­
round men)—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................
Total................................................................

43

376

.230
.240
.248
.239
.257
.242
.232

.238

54.7

5
12
5
3
8
3

26
31
11
9
23
8

.276
.291
.279
.277
.306
.330

.273
.290
.285
.276
.306
.325

36

108

.291

.290

.524

.459
.452
.456
.435
.408
.460

.458
.453
1.465
.434
.409
.469

5.7
5.6
15.3
5.6
5.7
5. 5

47.9
48.0
48.0
48.0
49.7
49.2

44.5
44.8
143.5
44.3
45.2
47.2

.448

i .449 1 15.6

48.2

144.7

25.82
25.54
25.73
24.67
22.46
25.68

21.99
21.70
21.89
20.88
20.28
22.63

1 20.06 25.20

21.59

20.40
20.30
120.20
19.26
18.47
22.14

5.5
5.9
15.3
5.9
6.0
6.0
15.7

47.9
43.5
48.0
48.5
147.2
48.0
48.0
47.1
62.1
55.7
51.0
55.5
49.0 ; 148.8
|

20.59
23.64
1 23.42
21.77
29.51
29.14

.479

.474
.487
1.496
.462
.476
.525
i .484

.570
.566
.581
.545
.556
.667

.496
.495
.501
.465
.520
.634

.511
.509
i .521
.467
.518
.693

47.8
48.0
48.0
48.0
57.5
49.7

49.3
48.5
150.2
45.9
59.8
59.6

25.17
24.66
1 26.17
21.46
30.99
41.27

73

.576

.508

1.528

6.2
5.8
15.7
5.8
6.0
6.1
16.0

48.9 ! 150.7

1 26.77

6
9
4
4
3
3

104
56
30
14
19
28

.545
.544
.539
.535
.473
.526

.467
.469
.459
.460
.419
.457

.474
.471
1.470
.461
.421
.460

5.8
6.0
i 5. 4
6.0
5.8
5.8

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
53.7
48.0

45.1
46.6
143.1
46.5
48.5
47.8

12.99

29

251

.536

.461

1.466

15.8

48.4

145.9

21.38
21.98
1 20.25
21.42
20.40
22.01
121.40

68.1
60.2
54.9
59.0
55.0
65.6

18. 58
17.47
15.61
16.30
16.83
21.31

4
7
3
3
4
3

32
18
7
10
9
8

.571
.607
.582
.559
.504
.632

.514
.554
.502
.503
.454
.612

.527
.555
1.508
.488
.475
.602

5.8
5.8
16.0
5.9
5.2
5.9

60.8

17. 60

24

84

.577

.523

1.529

15.7

47.8
48.0
48.0
48.0
52.5
48.0
48.4

45.4
23.93
46.5
25.77
150.2 1 25.53
48.0
23.44
47.5
22.57
49.3
29.63
1 46.9 1 24.78

1 Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.




.539
.532
. 536
. 514
.463
.522

123.61

26.44
26.83
27.07
26.06
28.93
29.78
27.14

22.61
22.99
23.23
22.22
26.46
26.42

27.25
27.17
27.89
26.16
30.58
33.15
28.05

23.71
23.76
24.05
22.32
29.90
31.51
24.84

26.16
26.11
25.87
25.68
25.40
25. 25
25.94

22.42
22.51
22.03
22.08
22.50
21.94
22.31

27.29
29.14
27.94
26.83
26.06
30.34
27.87

24.57
26.59
24.10
24.14
23.84
29.38
25.31

23. 47

INDUSTEY,

.223
.239
.247
.224
.232
.228

MEAT-PACKING

.223
.239
.245
.219
.229
.228

AD
N

577
229
65
70
62
19

7
15
9
6
9
6

' SLAUGHTERING

Laborers (roustabouts, ham-cylinder washers,
cleaners-up, ham pressers, hangers, cooks’
helpers, smokers’ helpers, truckers of cages or
bikes)—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2 ............................................................
3
4
5
6

T a b le 9.—HOURS, W AGES, AND EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES, BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, SE X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921—Continued.

^

SAU SAG E D E P A R T M E N T —Continued.
[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Occupation, sex, and district.




Aver­
age
basic
or reg­
ular
hours
per
week.

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week.

Aver­
age
earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

1
1

2 $0,440 $0 360
1
.440
.360

7.17

2

3

.440

52.7
47.8
59.1
33.8
54.0

9.11
8,20
10.92
6.25
8.10

4
7
4
2
3
1

64
42
19
4
11
2

.453
.434
.419
.479
.346
.430

.175

50.7

8.85

21

142

.153
.288
.197

.153
.283
.197

59.5
43.7
51.8

9.09
12.93
10.18

3

24

.502

.423

.423

5.7

48.0

44.2

1
4

3
15

.490
.382

.410
.360

.418
.365

6.0
6.0

48.0
51.9

si. 2
45.4

.200

.191

,402
.'458
5.8
49.4
45.1
.400
------------------- --- ----------------- ---------- '------------ ------ 1

18.14

1
1

1 $0,200 $0,200
2
.160
.160

51,8
34.8

$10.35
5.58

2

3

.173

.177

40.4

4
14
9
4
1

170
87
35
23
2

.172
.172
.199
.177
.150

.173
.172
.185
.185
.150

32

317

.175

2
5
3

24
13
7

44
10
--------------------

8
53.6
10.24
—~------- .------------.---------- ,

42

.435

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

$16.20
17.28

$0.360
.360

6.0
6.0

45.0
48.0

45.0
42.0

.360

.360

6.0

46.0

44.0

15.84

20.24

16.56

.379
.358
.339
.395
.325
.390

.382
.358
1 .349
.365
.332
.390

5.6
5.7
1 5.8
6.0
5.9
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
54.0
60.0

42.8
42.4
M6.8
45.9
45.3
47.5

16.36
15.18
116.31
16.74
15.04
18.53

21.74
20.83
20.11
22.99
17.75
25.80

18.19
17.18
16.27
18.96
17.55
23.40

48.6

143.5

i 15.93

21.05

17.69

18.69

24.10

20.30

21.39
16.60

23.52
18.87

19.68
18.68

22,21
“

19.76
i
.

.364

1.366

i 5.7

$16.20 $19.80
15.12 21.12

STATISTICS.

Total................................................................

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

O LABOR
F

Total...................................................
Stuffers—Females:
District 1.............................................................
2.......................................
3...........................................................
5.............................................................

Average rate Aver­
of wages
age
Num­ Num­
per hour.
earn­
ber of ber of
ings per
estab­ em­
hour
lish­ ploy­
After
after
ments. ees. Before
reduc­ reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.
tion.

BUREAU

Casing workers (washers, turners, re-turners,
measurers, cutters, tiers, and fatters)—Fe­
males:
District 1........................................................
2.............................................................
3.........................................................
4.........................................................
5.........................................................
0.........................................................

Aver­
age
earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

TH
E

Total...................................................

Aver­
Aver­
age
hours
age
earn­ actu­
ings
ally
per worked
hour. in one
week.

O
F

Cutters (choppers, grinders, mixers, curers,
feeders, and machine tenders)—Females:
District 1............................................................
2.......................................................
3.............................................................

Aver­
Num­ Num­ age
ber of ber of fate of
estab­ em­ wages
lish­ ploy­
per
ments. ees.
hour.

1921

BULLETIN

1917

Linkers,
twisters, tiers, and hangers—
Females:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

16
10
6
4
1

250
251
104
71
31
12

.176
.192
.163
.199
.169
.106

.175
.190
.165
.190
.176
.107

49.3
45.8
47.8
38.0
43.9
43.1

. 8.63
8. 71
7.91
7.21
7.71
4.62

5
8
4
4
4
3

140
70
45
26
74
24

.470
.476
.460
.511
.321
.396

.401
.412
.384
.440
.287
.344

.399
.409
1 .403
.433
.289
.346

5.9
5.7
i 5.6
5.5
5.7
5.8

47.7
48.0
48.0
48.0
53.6
54.0

42.8
41.8
i 46.6
43.6
43.3
45.3

17. 07
17.10
1 18. 77
18.89
12.54
15.66

22.42
22.85
22.08
24.53
16.88
21.38

19.13
19.78
18.43
21.12
15.38
18.58

719

.181

.179

46.4

8.31

28

379

.439

.378

i .378

i 5.7

49.4

i 43.3

1 16.38

21.60

18.67

4
2
2
1
1

97
12
12
5
11

.161
.182
.153
.165
.150

.163
.185
.152
.165
.150

52.5
43.0
45.8
35.6
47.3

8.55
7.95
6. 94
5.87
7.09

4
1
1
1
1

84
23
10
5
1

.459
.490
.406
.405
.795

.384
.416
.326
.325
.696

.384
.426
.335
.347
.696

5.8
5.3
5.4
5.0
5.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0

45.3
41.3
45.4
39.2
40.0

17.41
17.61
15. 20
13. 62
27.85

22.03
23.52
19.49
19.44
38.16

18.43
19.97
15.65
15.60
33.41

Total.................................................................

10

137

.162

.163

50.0

8.14

8

123

.461

.385

.388

5.6

48.0

44.3

17.20

22.13

18.48

1

1

.180

.179

53.0

9.50

1

2

.200

.200

52.9

10.58

1
1

1
2

.405
.361

.325
.325

.327
.324

5.0
6.0

48.0
48.0

40.5
49.0

13.24
15.86

19.44
17.33

15.60
15.60

1

2

.200

.200

52.9

10.58

2

3

.376

.325

.325

5.7

48.0

46.2

14.99

18.05

15.60

4
12
9
6
4
4

183
114
50
43
8
23

.153
.162
.162
.159
.168
.156

.153
.162
.162
.159
.167
.155

50.5
51.8
49.6
44.4
52.3
49.5

7.74
8.40
8.04
7.04
8. 73
7.67

4
9
3
3
3
3

89
89
23
19
8
31

.412
.415
.410
.398
.314
.385

.332
.337
.330
.318
.283
.310

.332
.336
i. 344
.318
.285
.311

5.8
5.8
a 4.9
5.7
5.5
5.8

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
51.4
. 48.0

44.4
44.3
i 39.9
43.3
39.5
45.1

14.76
14.91
113. 70
13. 78
11.26
14.01

19. 78
19.92
19.68
19.10
15.54
18. 48

15.94
16.18
15.84
15.26
14.55
14.88

Total................................................................

39

421

.158

.158

50.1

7.90

25

259

.406

.328

1.329

i 5.7

48.1

i 43.9

i 41.46

19.49

15.78

General workers—Females:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

5
10
1
2
3
1

34
64
1
9
16
9

.154
.168
.150
.166
.164
.220

.157
.170
.150
.180
.166
.220

49.8
49.6
58.0
42.9
43.4
46.3

7.81
8.43
8.70
7.70
7. 22
10.18

22

133

.167

.170

48.3

8. 20

Total................................................................ 1

i Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.




INDUSTRY.

Total................................................................
Packers (wrappers, inspectors, labelers,taggers,
tiers, box makers, and packers’ helpers)—
Females:
District 1.............................................................
2 .............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6 .............................................................

MEAT-PACKING

Smokers—Females:
District 3.............................................................
Cooks—Females:
District 2 .............................................................
5 .........................................................

AD
N

42

SLAUGHTERING

Total.................................................................
Ropers (wrappers and tiers)—Females:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................

•For data for 1921 see Box makers: Sorters: Laborers: Utilitv: Labelers.

-cr
cn

T a b l e 9 .-H 0 U R S , W AGES, AND EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES, B Y DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, S E X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921—Continued.

SAUSAGE D E P A R T M E N T —Concluded.

a?

[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]
1921

2............

[

3
4
5

I

Total.

3
8
1
4
2

29 $0.434 $0,363
18
.415
.335
4
.441
.366
15
.397
.317
6
.310
.263

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

Aver­
age
basic
or reg­
ular
hours
per
week.

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week.

$0,364
.337
.369
.320
.263

5.9
5.9
6.0
5.0
5.8

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
50.0

44.9
45.7
49.8
39.4
44.0

Aver­
age
earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

$16.33 $20.83
15.38 19.92
18.37 21.17
12.60 19.06
11.59 15.50

$17.42
16.08
17.57
15.22
13.15

3
4

.

6................... .

\
I
I

Sorters—Femal es:
District 1............................................................. j For data for 1917, see General workers..
U tility—Females:
District 1.....................................................
For data for 1917, see General workers..

2............

Total..




|For data for 1917, see General workers.

5.7

48.2

44.1

15.04

19.86

16.29

1
2
1
2
2

4
2
3
2
6

.398
.438
.390
.405
.391

.318
.358
.310
.325
.311

.318
.361
.310
.325
.312

6.0
5.0
6.0
4.0
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0

43.0
39.3
47.8
30.3
46.2

13.65
14.19
14.83
9.83
14.35

19.10
21.02
18.72
19.44
18.77

15.26
17.18
14.88
15.60
14.93

17

.399

.319

.319

5.6

48.0

43.0

13.72

19.15

15.31

1
1
f
\
I

Total..
Labelers—Females:
District 1...........

.341

/
\
1

2
1
21
4
1
1
2

3

.420

.340

.340

6.0

45.0

45.0

15.30

18.90

15.30

2
1
1.

.413
.465
.430

5.5
5.0
(2)
15.3

47.3

42.5
40.0
(2)
141.7

14.15
15.40
(2)
U4.57

19.20
22.32
20.64

.430

.333
.385
(2)
1.350

46.5
48.0
48.0

4

.333
.385
.350
.350

15.48
18.48
16.80
16.56

2
4

.420
.446

.340
.366

.340
.367

6.0
6.0

48.0
48.0

42.5
44.4

14.45
16.27

20.16
21.41

16.32
17.57

6

.438

.358

.358

6.0

48.0

43.8

15.66

21.02

17.18

20.34

STATISTICS,

Total..

.338

8

[
•For data for 1917, see General workers..

.412

LABOR

2.................. .

72

O
F

18

Box makers—Females:
District 1................. .

BUREAU

\

Laborers—Females:
District 1............

Average rate Aver­
of wages
age
Num­
per hour.
earn­
ber of
ings per
em­
hour
ploy­
ees. Before After after
reduc­ reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.
tion.

TH
E

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

O
F

Aver­
Aver­
Aver­
age
Num­ Num­ Average
age
age
hours
ber of ber of
earn­
earn­ actu­
estab­ em- rate of
ings re­
ally
lish­ ploy- wages ings
per
per worked ceived
ments.
hour. hour. in one in one
week. week.

► or data for 1917, see General workers.
F

Occupation, sex, and district.

BULLETIN

1917

C U R E D -M E A T D E P A R T M E N T .

7
16
9
4
7
4

152 $0,260 $0,261
185
.279
.278
.288
88
.290
.254
24
.253
24
.297
.300
.286
36
.287

66.6
58.9
57.7
55.6
55. 8
57.6

$17.40
16.40
16.72
14.09
16.73
16.50

7
10
4
4
4
3

115 $0,568 $0.488
117
.562
.483
68
.572
.493
29
.540
.460
22
.515
.457
.565
21
.489

$0. 493
.484
1.501
.460
.463
.491

5.9
5.9
15.9
5.7
5.9
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
53.1
48.0

47.6 $23.45 $27.26
46.4
22.47 26.98
i 47. 2 : i 23.66 27.46
44.0
20.23 25.92
23.30 27.19
50. 3
24.65 27.12
50.2

Total................................................................

47

$23.42
23.18
23.66
22.08
24,27
23.47

.275

.275

60.6

16.67

32

372

.561

.483

1.487

15.9

47.0

147.2

i 22.97

26.31

22.70

8 1,038
17
807
9
263
. 6
175
12
108
106
5

.228
.242
.252
.215
.247
.254

.228
.241
.254
222
.246
.256

56.0
52.8
49.8
49.8
49.2
52.0 '

12.78
12.73
12.64
11.05
12.12
13.30

7
10
4
4
4
4

394
458
241
101
249
63

.536
.532
. 515
.507
.475
.548

.457
.452
.433
.427
.403
.482

.462
. 454
i. 455
.427
.405
.485

5.6
5.6
15.4
5.7
5.7
5.7

47.9
48.0
48.0
48.0
50.1
52.6

45.3
44.4
142.9
43.2
44.6
54.6

20.93
20.15
i 19. 53
18.43
18.08
26.50

25.67
25.54
24.72
24.34
23.70
28.82

21.89
21,70
20.78
20.50
20.19
25. 35

Total................................................................

AD
N

509

Laborers (graders7helpers, pickle-makers’ help­
ers, inspectors’ helpers, sorters’ helpers, pump­
ers’ helpers, smokers’ helpers, ham passers,
meat passers, passers to pumpers, passers to
salters, passers to packers, takers from pump­
ers, haulers to vats, meat carriers, meat tossers, meat wipers, meat hangers, meat scrapers,
meat stringers, bacon stringers, ham stringers,
sewers, tiers, meat soakers, meat washers,
roustabouts, vat washers, truck washers, and
general workers)—Males:
District 1............................................................
2 ............................................................
3 ............................................................
4............................................................
5............................................................
6............................................................

.236

53.4

12.62

33 1,506

.520

.442

1.448

i 5.6

48.5

i 44.9

i 20.10

25.22

21.44

9
16
10
5
11
4

210
208
90
53
84
60

.246
.258
.262
.241
.267
.273

.248
.259
.266
.244
.268
.273

60.1
57.0
55.1
53.2
50.7
56.7

14.90
14.78
14.62
12.99
13. 58
15.50

6
10
4
4
4
3

131
169
77
32
42
33

.546
.544
.540
.530
.473
.560

.467
.464
.459
.450
.427
.483

.470
.466
1.482
.449
.427
.482

5.6
5.7
i 5.8
5.9
5.9
5.9

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
57.4
48.0

44.6
45.4
i 46.3
45.0
54.6
48.4

21.00
21.14
122.31
20.20
23.31
23.36

26.21
26.11
25.92
25.44
26.72
26.88

22.42
22.27
22.03
21.60
24.51
23.18

Total........................................................... ....

55

705

.256

.258

56.6

14.58

31

484

.538

.461

1.465

15.8

48.8

146.3

i 21.52

26.20

22.50

i Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.

* 2-week establishment.

INDUSTRY,

.236

MEAT-PACKING

57 2,497

Packers (packers of beef, barrel pork, bellies,
briskets, pig rinds, and smoked meat; dip­
pers,, vat men, sweet-pickle packers, burlap
sackers, wrappers, car loaders, and car stowers)—Males:
District 1............................................................
2 ................. ; .........................................
3............................................................
4............................................................
5............................................................
6............................................................




SLAUGHTERING

Graders (sorters, sizers, average men, spotters,
inspectors, and chute men)—Males:
District 1............................................................
2............................................................
3 ............................................................
4............................................................
5.............................................................
6............................................................

T a b l e 9 .— HOURS, W AGES, AND EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES, B Y D EPARTM ENT, OCCUPATION, S E X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921— Continued.

CURED-M EAT DEPAR TM EN T—Continued.

00

[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City* Otttaha, St. L^Uis, East St. Louis, and St; Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

154 $0,256 $0,259
175
.272
.270
54
.288
.288
41
.212
.215
19
.292
.294
22
.277
.278

62.8- $16.26
15.15
56.1
17.14
59.4
11.10
62.8
15.40
52.7
15.18
54.7

1
9
4
4
3
2

basic
or reg­
ular
hours
per
week.

186 $0,555 $0.472
,484
100
,564
39
,599
,516
.534
.454
23
.492
,449
15
7
493
.573

$0,478
.483
i, 526
.463
.449
.494

5.5
5.8
1 5.8
6.0
5.0
6.0

47.9
48.0
48.0
48.0
59.0
48.0

44.6 $21. 31 $26.58
22,32 27.07
46.2
i 46.9 i 24.65 28.75
20. 75 25.63
45.8
18.84 28. 54
42.0
22.86 27. 50
46.3

AVer-

Aver­
age
hoUrg
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week.

Averj
age
earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

$22.61
23.23
24.77
21.79
26.49
23.66

465

.265

.265

58.2

15.42

29

370

.559

.478

i. 482

15.6

48.4

i 45.3

i 21.79

27.06

23.14

8
17
10
6
10
4

88
138
75
33
50
35

.260
.277
279
.237
.289
.296

.263
.275
.279
.238
.289
.297

61.5
58.2
57.4
54.7
56.4
56.0

16.20
16.01
16.04
12.99
16.33
16.65

7
10
4
4
4
3

85
90
38
16
15
26

.562
.552
.574
.536
.501
,589

.484
.474
.498
.456
.458
.513

.486
.474
i."504
.456
.459
.520

5.9
5.9
16.0
5.8
5.8
6,0

47.9
48.0
48.0
48.0
54.5
49.4

47.3
46.5
148.0
44.6
53.8
51.3

22.97
22.04
124.17
20.36
24.67
26,67

26.92
26.50
27.55
25.73
26.55
29.10

23.18
22. 75
23.90
21.89
24.96
25.34

Total................................................................

55

419

.286

.274

58.1

15.91

32

270

. 558

.482

i. 485

15.9

48.5

1 47. 7 i 23.10

27.01

23.38

Rubbers, salters, and pilers—Males:
District 1....................................... , ..................
2 . , ........................................................
3 ............................................................
4 ..........
........................... ..
5............................................................
6.......................................................... ..

7
16
9
4
8
4

141
234
107
32
70
29

.246
.261
. 265
.219
.269
.267

.248
.261
.267
.219
.269
.267

58.0
56.3
56.6
49.4
58.7
56.6

14.36
14.69
15.09
10.80
15. 75
15.13

6
10
4
4
4
4

120
89
56
23
63
23

.549
.548
.551
.521
.503
.577

.469
.468
.471
.441
.443
.507

.473
.468
1.497
.441
.444
.507

5.8
5.8
i 5.6
5.9
5.7
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
52.3
48.0

22. 21
47.0
21.22
45.3
i 44. 5 1 22,11
19.43
44.0
20.05
45.2
24.02
47.3

26. 35
26.30
26.45
25.01
26.21
27.70

22. 51
22.46
22.61
21,17
23.17
24.34

48

613

,257

.258

56.7

14. 62

32

374

,541

. 465

1.469

i 5.8

48.7

145.8

i 21. 51

26.35

22.65

T o t a l . ,




STATISTICS,

45

LABOE

............

Picklers (pickle irien, pickle makers, pumpers,
and cUrers)—Males!
District 1...............................
.................
2 ............................................................
3 ............................................................
4 ............. ............................................
5 .................... ......................................
6 ............................................................

O
F

Total.............

6
17
7
6
6
3

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

Average fate Aver­
of wages
age
Num­
earn­
per hour.
ber of
ings per
em­
hour
ploy­ Before After
after
ees. reduc­ reduc­
reduc*
tion.
tion. tion.

BUREAU

‘

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

TH
E

Overhaulers—Males:
District 1............................................... . ...........
2............................................................
3 ............................................................
4............................................................
5 ............................................................
6 ..,..
............

Aver­ Aver-*
Aver­
age
age
hours
age
earn­
earn­ actu­
ings re­
ings
ally
per worked ceived
hour. in one in one
week.
week.

O
F

Aver­
NUhi- dum­
age
ber of ber of rate of
estab­
lish­ ploy- wages
per
ments. ees. hour.

Occupation, sex, and district.

BULLETIN

1921

1917

Smokers—Males:
District 1 .............................................................
2.............................................................
3
............
4
5
6

7
15
8
6
9
2

14
31
11
13
11
4

.252
.268
.262
.240
.263
.300

.251
.266
.259
.240
.260
.298

70.1
71.2
72.8
68.5
72.2
65.0

17.62
18.93
18.88
16.48
18.79
19. 38

5
7
3
4
4
2

18
15
6
12
6
4

.563
.579
.571
.558
.468
.653

47

84

.261

.259

70.7

18. 33

25

61

8
14
7
4
4
3

117
60
16
17
14
7

.266
.279
.298
.263
.249
.281

.268
.280
.300
.205
.250
.280

58.9
60.3
60.7
53.1
54.9
58.7

15.75
16.88
18.19
14.05
13.73
16.42

6
10
4
3
3
4

40

231

.271

.272

58.7

15.99

7
14
9
4
9
2

325
395
72
45
149
17

.230
.236
.246
.210
.238
.253

.236
.236
.247
.209
.236
.255

51.7
51.3
49.3
46.6
56.5
57.8

45 1,003

.234

.246

6
16
9
5
9
5

56
113
41
29
118
58

.287
.304
.305
.266
.289
.290

Total.................................................................
Wrappers (labelers, packers, sewers (hand or
machine), bag makers, weighers, tiers, wipers,
and baggers)—Females:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................. - .............
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

50

415

4
14
7
6
7
2

74
86
29
38
55
4

Total................................................................

40

286

24.92
49.6
26. 37
59.2
148.0 124.78
23.19
48.5
31.42
72.5
30.48
58.0

28.04
33.99
30.83
27.90
32.53
32.65

24.50
31.46
27.92
24.90
31.08
31.65

.563

.510

i. 476

i 5.6

54.5

i 54.6

i 25. 97

30. 63

27.80

72
53
18
9
20
10

.590
.711
.652
.542
.526
.577

.511
.616
.566
.462
.465
.521

.514
.615
1.513
.463
.470
.523

5.8
6.0
16.0
5.2
5.9
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
52.2
48.0

46.1
23. 68
46.3
28.49
148.4 i 24. 85
40.9
18. 94
23.06
49.1
24.84
47.5

28. 32
34.13
31. 30
26.02
27.46
27. 70

24. 53
29.57
27.17
22.18
24.27
25.01

30

182

.621

.540

1.537

15.8

48.4

146.5

124.96

29.93

26.14

12.20
12.12
12.19
9.74
13.31
14.73

6
9
4
4
4
2

377
170
84
36
53
6

532
.531
.510
.503
.466
.532

.452
.451
.430
.423
.405
.452

.454
.453
i. 456
.424
.406
.454

5.5
5.5
14.9
5.3
5.7
5.8

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
50.9
48.0

44.3
43.3
i 39.4
41.6
44.7
51.2

20.11
19.59
1 17.96
17.62
18.16
23.22

26. 21
25.49
24. 48
24.14
23. 58
25.54

21.70
21.65
20.64
20.30
20.61
21.70

49.9

12.26

29

726

.523

.444

1.449

i 5.5

48.2

143.6

1 19.58

25. 21

21.40

.287
.305
.312
.268
.261
.294

61.2
61.2
55.3
56.4
55.8
58.7

17.68
18.66
17.27
15.12
14.55
16. 38

6
9
3
4
1
3

60
36
28
14
6
27

.580
.581
.567
.567
.519
.595

.508
.516
.501
.510
.449
.552

.515
.525
1.499
.505
.450
557

5.9
5.9
16.0
6.0
6.0
5.9

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
48.9

47.3
46.7
i 48.0
48.5
45.8
48.8

24.31
24.53
i 23. 99
24.50
20.62
27.19

27.84
27.89
27.22
27.22
24. 91
29.10

24.38
24.77
24.05
24. 48
21.55
26.99

.293

.287

58.0

16.64

26

171

.577

.514

1.519

i 5.9

48.0

147.6

i 24.67

27.70

24.67

.178
.178
.170
.166
.154
.153
.171

.179
.177
.171
.167
.155
.152

13
8
21
21
11
9
13
83
48.5
8. 33
■::a:—,ac —------- —-----:

.417
.430
.418
.388
.292
.388

.337
.353
.338
.308
.275
.308

.349
.351
1.384
.308
.276
.308

5.8
5.8
16.0
6.0
6.0
5.5

16.18
16.94
16.22
14.78
14.11
14. 78

.320

i. 324

i 5.9

45.6
15.91
44.1
15.48
146.0 1 17.69
44.6
13.72
47.2
13. 02
44.3
13.62
i 45.3 i 14.66

20.02
20.64
20.06
18.62
14.98
18.62

.391

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
51.3
48.0
48.4

.172

50.5
48.3
46.7
49.5
46.3
51.5

3
Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.




9.05
8.56
7.97
8.26
7.20
7. 80

1
3
2
3
2
2

18. 92

15.49
J

-■sxjgs—

INDUSTRY.

49.8
58.7
54.0
50.0
70.8
50.0

MEAT-PACKING

Total.................................................................
Utility men (assistant butchers, straw bosses,
assistant foremen, and small-order men)—
Males:
District 1............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

6.2
6.3
16.0
6.1
6.3
6.3

AD
N

Total................................................................
Truckers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................

.503
.445
i. 516
.479
.434
.526

SLAUGHTERING

Total................................................................
Butchers, trimmers, and knife men—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

.492
.536
. 517
.498
.439
.633

T a b le 9 .—HOURS, W AGES, AND EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES, B Y DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, S E X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921—Continued

CURED-MEAT DEPARTMENT—Concluded.

00
O

[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Occupation, sex, and district.

Aver­
Aver­
Aver­
age
age
hours earn­ Num­
age
ber of
earn­ actu­
ings re­ estab­
ings
ally
ceived lish­
per worked in one ments.
hour. in one week.
week.

Average rate Aver­
of wages
age
Num­
per hour.
earn­
ber of
ings per
em­
hour
ploy­ Before After after
ees. reduc­ reduc­
reduc­
tion. tion.
tion.

17

124

.388

Butchers, trimmers, and knifemen—Females:
District 2.............................................................
5...........................................................

1
1

3
7

Total................................................................

2

Truckers—Females:
District 5.............................................................

1

Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

5.9
5.5
5.8
5.4
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.4
54.0

45.0
41.0
45.8
40.4
54.0

.320

.326

5.6

48.1

42.2

13. 75

18.66

15.39

.436
.300

.377
.300

.376
.300

6.0
2.7

48.0
52.5

48.0
15.7

18.07
4.72

20.93
13.50

18.10
15.75

10

.341

.323

.344

3.7

51.2

25.4

8. 73

15.65

16.54

1

.250

.250

.250

5.0

48.0

37.0

9.25

12.00

12.00

8 $0,556 $0.476
6
.510
.450

$0.498
.443

6.0
5.3

46.5
50.8

51.3
45.4

$25.52 $25.85
20.13 25.25

$22.13
22.86

.476

5.7

48; 3

48.8

25.62

22.46

$15.01 $19.73
13.54 19.20
15.72 19.63
11.10 13.36
24. 30 27.00

$15.89
15.50
16.46
13.21
24.30

CANNING DEPARTM ENT.
Cooks—Males:
District 1 ............................................................
Districts 2 to 6....................................................

4
7

Total................................................................

11




26 $0,256 $0,256
.251
.254
16
42

.254

.255

69.3
65.0

$17.77
16. 51

3
5

67.7

17.29

8

14

.536

.465

23.21

STATISTICS.

$0.334
.330
.343
.275
.450

LABOR

Total................................................................

28 $0.411 $0.331
.400
.323
73
6
.409
.343
.276
16
.273
1
.500
.450

Average full­
time earnings
per week.

O
F

3
9
2
2
1

Aver­ Aver­ Aver­
age
age
age
basic hours
earn­
or reg actu­ ings re­
ular
ally
hours worked ceived
in one in one
per
week.
week. week.

-BUREAU

Laborers—Females:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

TH
E

Aver­
Num­
ber of age
rate of
em­
wages
ploy­ per
ees.
hour.

O
F

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

1921

BULLETIN

1917

Steam tenders, process men, retort men—
-Males:
District 1 ...........................................................
Districts 2 to 6....................................................

4
7

32
18

.255
.256

.256
.257

67.3
60.4

17.21
15.52

1
3

3
4

.560
.543

.480
.485

.489
.483

5.7
5.8

45.0
49.1

42.5
51.9

20.80
25.05

25.20
25.68

21.60
23.81

11

50

.256

.256

64.8

16.60

4

7

.550

.483

.485

5.7

47.4

47.9

23.23

25.47

22.89

2

14

.214

.213

49.3

10.51

1
1

1
1

.530
.498

.450
.420

.450
.420

6.0
5.0

48.0
48.0

45.0
55.0

20.25
23.10

25.44
23.90

21.60
20.16

2

14

.214

.213

49.3

10. 51

2

2

.514

.435

.434

5.5

48.0

50.0

21.68

24.67

20.88

3
4

40
28

.224
.232

.224
.234

52.1
57.3

11.70
13.42

1

1

.530

.450

.450

6.0

48.0

48.0

21.60

25.44

21.60

Total................................................................

7

68

.227

.229

54.3

12.41

1

1

.530

.450

.450

6.0

48.0

48.0

21.60

25.44

21.60

Trimmers, meat (by hand)—Males:
District 1...........................................................
Districts 2 to 6...................................................

2
2

35
8

.252
.228

.250
.229

65.7
62.8

16.44
14.39

2
6

5
10

.546
.503

.466
.429

.469
.429

6.0
6.0

47.4
48.0

48.0
48.1

22.50
20.65

25.88
24.14

22.09
20.59

4

43

.247

.246

65.2

16.06

8

15

.517

.441

.442

6.0

47.8

48.1

21.27

24.71

21.08

4
7

62
37

.246
.249

.245
.249

61.3
62.5

15.03
15.59

4
5

23
12

.564
.550

.477
.479

.484
.477

6.0
5.8

48.0
48.4

46.7
46.7

22.64
22.27

27.07
26.29

22.9
23.18

Total................................................................

11

99

.247

.247

61.8

15.24

9

35

.554

.478

.482

5.9

48.1

46.7

22.51

26.54

22.99

Stuffers (meat into cans by hand)—Males:
District 1...........................................................
Districts 2 to 6....................................................

3
3

72
28

.229
.247

.231
.250

47.2
60.9

10.92
15.21

1
2

1
5

.530
.534

.450
.460

.450
.463

6.0
5.6

48.0
48.0

45.0
46.1

20.25
21.33

25.44
25.63

21.60
22.0

6

100

.234

.237

51.1

12.12

3

6

.533

.458

.461

5.7

48.0

45.9

21.15

25.58

21.9

4
5

130
60

.246
.243

.245
.243

62.7
51.5

15.34
12.52

4
4

24
9

.557
.488

.484
.417

.483
.420

6.0
5.8

47.0
49.3

45.2
47.0

21.84
19.74

26.18
24.06

22.75
20.56

Total................................................................

9

190

.245

.244

59.1

14.45

8

33

.538

. 466

.465

5.9

47.6

45.7

21.27

25.61

22.18

Cap setters—Males:
District 1...........................................................
Districts 2 to 6....................................................

1
1

1
4

.210
.245

.210
.245

57.5
43.3

12.08
10.60

1

1

.410

.330

.330

6.0

48.0

45.5

15.01

19.68

15.84

Total................................................................

2

5

.238

.236

46.1

10.90

1

1

.410

.330

.330

6.0

48.0

45.5

15.01

19.68

15.84

i Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.




INDUSTRY.

Total................................................................
Packers—Males:
District 1 . . . '....................................................
Districts 2 to 6....................................................

MEAT-PACKING

Total...............................................................
Machine tenders (preparing and stuffing meat
into cans)—
-Males:
District 1.........................................................
Districts 2 to 6....................................................

AD
N

Total................................................................
Passers and pilers, cans—Males:
District 1...........................................................
Districts 2 to 6....................................................

SLAUGHTERING

62480°— 22— Bull. 294-

Total................................................................
Washers of empty cans—Males:
District 1...........................................................
Districts 2 to 6....................................................

T a b l e 9 .— HOURS, W AGES, AND EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES B Y DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, S E X , AN D DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921—Continued.

^

00

to

CANNING D EPAR TM EN T—Continued.

[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Occupation, sex, and district.

Washing and painting machine tenders—Males:
District 1...........................................................
Districts 2 to 6 ...................................................

Average rate Aver­
of wages
age
Num­
per hour.
earn­
ber of
ings per
em­
hour
ploy­ Before After
after
ees. reduc­ reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.
tion.

131 $0,246 80.249
.272
46
.267

53.3
56.6

$13.26
15.39

3
8

12

177

.252

.255

54.2

13.81

11

33

.547

3
2

7
2

.273
.263

.269
.263

73.7
63.0

19.83
16.59

4
1

5
2

21 $0.562 $0,486
.520
.458
12

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

Aver­
age
basic
or reg­
ular
hours
per
week.

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week.

Aver­
age
earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

$21.76 $26.02
21.67 25.22

$22.50
22.81

21.73

25.76

22.61

46.6
54.0

21. 52
21.60

25.69
23.76

21.90
20.40

$0.488
.460

5.9
5.8

46.3
49.8

44.6
47.1

.476

.477

5.8

47.5

45.5

.542
.495

.462
.425

.462
.400

5.8
6.0

47.4
48.0

9

.271

.268

71.3

19.11

5

7

.529

.451

.442

5.9

47.6

48.7

21.54

25.18

21.47

3
2

8
12

.253
.249

.253
.249

68.8
53.0

17.38
13.26

2

4

.549

.469

.470

5.3

45.8

39.8

18.67

24.14

20. 48

Total.................................................................

5

20

.250

.251

59.3

14.86

2

4

.549

.469

.470

5.3

45.8

39.8

18.67

24.14

20.48

General workers—Males:
District 1...........................................................
Districts 2 to 6....................................................

4
4

380
26

.234
.272

.236
.271

54.7
61.4

12.90
16.67

5
2

54
4

.577
.574

.505
.534

.510
.558

5.9
6.0

45.9
48.0

45.7
38.0

23.32
21.19

26. 48
27.55

23.18
25. 63

Total.................................................................

8

406

.237

.238

55.1

13.15

7

58

.577

.507

.513

5.9

46.0

45.2

23.17

26.54

23.32

Inspectors—Males:
District 1...........................................................
Districts 2 to 6 .........................'..........................

4
6

206
51

.255
.273

.256
.273

58.1
58.5

14.88
15.96

4
3

25
4

.562
.543

.483
.479

.487
.479

6.0
5.8

46.6
54.0

47.2
51.9

23. 01
24.85

26.19
29.32

22. 51
25.87

T ota l.................................................................

10

257

.258

.260

58.2

15.10

7

29

.560

.482

.486

6.0

47.6

47.8

23.26

26.66

22.94




STATISTICS,

5

LABOR

Total.................................................................
Labelers and wrappers—Males:
District 1...........................................................
Districts 2 to 6 ....................................................

O
F

Total. *............................................................

Aver­
age
Num­
earn­ ber of
ings re­ estab­
ceived lish­
in one ments.
week.

BUREAU

4
8

Aver­
Aver­
age
hours
age
earn­ actu­
ings
ally
per worked
hour. in one
week.

TH
E

Cappers—Males:
District 1........................................................ .
Districts 2 to 6...................................................

Aver­
Num­
ber of age
rate of
em­ wages
ploy­ per
ees. hour.

O
F

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

1921

BULLETIN

1917

3
6

96
58

.223
.242

.224
.242

54.0
60.4

12.07
14.58

4
8

49
21

.535
.485

.455
.434

.456
.435

6.0
5.7

45.6
48.2

46.9
45.0

21.39
19. 68

24.40
23.23

20.75
20.92

Total.................................................................

9

154

.230

.231

56.4

13.02

12

70

.520

.449

.450

5.9

47.3

46.3

20.85

24. 54

21.24

3 .1,172
324
6

.225
.241

.225
.241

57.7
57.1

13.00
13.76

5
8

56
35

.531
.471

.451
.424

.453
.424

5.8
5.6

46.4
49.3

43.9
45.1

19.90
19.12

24.64
22.75

20.93
20.90

9 1,496

.228

.229

57.6

13.16

13

91

.508

.441

.442

5.7

47.5

44.4

19.60

23. 93

20.95

1

4

.425

.345

.345 |

6.0

48.0

45.4

15.65

20.40

16.56
. ----- .

Laborers—Males:
District 1...........................................................
Districts 2 to 6 ....................................................
Total.................................................................
Cooks—Females:
District 2 ............................................................

______

________ ______ _

Washers of empty cans—Females:
District 1 ...........................................................
Districts 2 to 6 ....................................................

2
3

7
31

.169
.185

.168
.185

43.7
50.6

7.33
9.37

2
2

3
8

.405
.325

.325
.271

.326
.274 !

5.7
4.6

48.0
48.0

44.3
37.9

14.46
10.36

19.44
15.60

15.60
13.01

5

38

.182

.182

49.4

8.99

4

11

.347

.286

.290 |

4.9

48.0

39.6

11.48

16.66

13.73

4
5

177
42

.149
.178

.149
.180

47.0
49.9

6.99
8.96

2
1

7
5

.430
.331

.351
.281

.351
.281

5.6
6.0

48.0
48.0 [

42.8
46.2

15.00
12.97

20.64
15.89

16. 85
13.49

9

219

.155

.155

47.6

7. 37

3

12

.389

.322

.320

5.8

48.0

44.2

14.16

18.67

15.46

4
3

159
85

.153
.196

.154
.200

52.0
48.6

7.99
9.71

3
2

25
20

.423
.355

.349
.293

.351
.295

5.4
5.2

47.0
50.1

43.3
41.3

15.20
12.18

19.88
17.79

16.40
14.68

Total. *.............................................................

7

244

.168

.169

50.9

8. 59

5

45

.393

.324

.327

5.3

48.4

42.4

13.86

19.02

15.68

Machine tenders (preparing and stuffing meat
into cans—Females:
District 1...........................................................
Districts 2 to 6 ....................................................

2
4

13
6

.163
.175

.163
.175

52.3
51.1

8.53
8.93

3
3

25
5

.446
.378

.365
.304

.365
.303

5.8
5.8

47.2
48.0

44.5
45.9

16.25
13.93

21.05
18.14

17.23
14. 59

6

19

.167

.167

51.9

8.65

6

30

.434

.355

.354

5.8

47.3

44.8

15.86

20. 53

16. 79

4
3

231
52

.163
.188

.164
.190

52.2
48.3

8.53
9.19

4
2

23
5

.466
.348

.391
.316

.401
.315

5.8
5.8

47.7
50.7

44.3
48.9

17.77
15.42

22.23
17.64

18.65
16.02

Total...................................................*............

7

283

.168

.168

51.5

8.65

6

28

.445

.377

.385

5.8

48.3

45.1

17.35

21.14

18.21

packers (sliced bacon and chipped dried beef in
cans, glass jars, or cartons by hand)—Females:
District 1...........................................................
Districts 2 to 6 ....................................................

4
5

147
86

.149
.198

.150
.201

50.8
48.8

7.63
9. 78

4
9

84
114

.423
.403

.344
'.333

.350
.327

5.8
5.6

45.5
48.0

45.8
42.6

16.06
13.93

19.25
20.74

15.65
15.98

Total.................................................................

9

233

.167

.168

50.0

8.43

13

198

.411

.338

.337

5.7

47.0

44.0

14.83

19.32

15. 89




INDUSTRY,

Total.................................................................
StufTers (meat Into cans by hand)—Females:
District 1...........................................................
Districts 2 to 6....................................................

MEAT-PACKING

Total.................................................................
Trimmers, meat (by hand)—Females:
District 1...........................................................
Districts 2 to 6 ....................................................

AD
N

Total.................................................................
Passers and pilers, cans—Females:
District 1...........................................................
Districts 2 to 6 ....................................................

SLAUGHTEBING

Truckers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
Districts 2 to 6 ....................................................

T a b l e 9 .— HOURS, WAGES, AND EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES, B Y DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, S E X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921—Continued.

h

00

CANNING D E P A R T M E N T —Concluded.

[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Occupation, sex, and district.

9

141

.169

2
2

48
40

4

88

Total....................................................
Cap setters—Females:
District 1 ...........................................................
Districts 2 to 6 ....................................................

Aver­
age
earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

$16.41 $20.47
14.07 19.00

50.0
48.5

$8.26
8.69

4
5

17 $0.443 $0.363
16
.318
.387

SO 360
.
.322

6.0
5.6

46.2
49.1

45.6
43.7

.170

49.5

8. 41

9

33

.416

.341

.342

5.8

47.6

44.7

15. 27

19.80

16.23

.144
.175

.145
.179

49.6
52.0

7.19
9.29

2

2

.408

.328

.375

6.0

48.0

45.0

16. 88

19.58

15.74

.158

.161

50.7

8.15

2

2

.408

.328

.375

6.0

48.0

45.0

16. 88

19.58

15.74

.329
.270

5.7
6.0

48.0
48.0

44.3
45.0

14.59
12.15

19.68
15.36

15.84
12.96

92 $0.163 $0.165
.179
49
.179

i
2
3

20
24

.147
.173

.148
.173

48.2
50.6

7.13
8.77

2
1

3
2

.410
.320

i
.330 1
.270

$16.77
15.61

1

44

.161

.162

49.6

8.02

3

5

.374

.306 |

.305

5.8

48.0

# 44.6

13.62

17.95

14.69

3
2

120
22

.170
.178

.170
.178

52.0
52.6

8.86
9.35

3
2

10
8

.453
.376

.373
.356

.372
.360

6.0
4.0

46.8
48.0

45.6
30.5

16.93
10.97

21.20
18.05

17.46
17.09

Total.................................................................

5

142

.172

.172

52.1

8.94

5

18

.418

.365

.367

5.1

47.3

38.9

14.28

19.77

17.26

Painters (cans, by hand)—Females:
District 1.......
....
Districts 2 to 6 ....................................................

3
2

36
7

.238
.202

.238
.198

55.6
51.3

13.24
10.18

1

1

.410

.330

.330

6.0

48.0

48.0

15.84

19.68

15.84

5

43

.232

.232

54.9

12.74

1

1

.410

.330

.330

6.0

48.0

48.0

15. 84

19.68

15.84

Total...............................................................

Total.................................................................




STATISTICS.

5

Cappers—Females:
District 1............................................................
Districts 2 to 6 ....................................................

O LABOR
F

Total......................................................
Wipers (filled cans)—Females:
District 1............................................................
Districts 2 to 6 ..............
...........................

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week.

BUREAU

4
5

Aver­
age
basic
or reg­
ular
hours
per
week.

TH
E

Weighers (filled cans)—Females:
District 1...........................................................
Districts 2 to 6 ....................................................

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

O
F

Aver­
Average rate Aver­
Aver­
Aver­
age
of wages
age
Num­
Num­ Num­ Aver­ age
age
per hour.
earn­
hours earn­ Num­ ber of
age
ber of
ber of ber of
ings per
rate of earn­ actu­
ings re­ estab­ em­
estab­ em­
hour
ally
ceived lish­ ploy­
lish­ ploy­ wages ings
Before After after
per worked
per
in one
ments. ees.
hour. hour. in one week. ments. ees. reduc­ reduc­ reduc­
tion.
tion. tion.
week.

BULLETIN

1921

1917

Labelers and wrappers—Females:
District 1.............................................................
Districts 2 to 6 ....................................................

6

301
156

.198
.201

.200
.201

57.6
51.4

11.52
10.34

5
7

33
20

.487
.388

.416
.325

.409
.325

5.6
5.7

46.8
48.5

45.1
43.1

18.46
14.02

22.79
18.82

19.47
15.76

4
10

457

.199

.200

55.5

11.12

12

53

.449

.382

.378

5.6

47.4

44.3

16.78

21.19

18.11

1

5

.140

.140

53.0

7.42

3
3

7
8

.490
.316

.413
.300

.405
.300

5.9
4.9

47.6
51.4

44.4
40.1

18.01
12.05

23.32
14. 44

19.66
15.42

Total.................................................................

1

5

.140

.140

53.0

7.42

6

15

.397

.353

.352

5.3

49.6

42.1

14.83

18.50

17.51

General workers—Females:
District 1 . .........................................................
Districts 2 to 6 ....................................................

3
7

358
177

.157
.161

.157
.163

49.7
50.0

7.80
8.16

4
4

69
18

.438
.381

.360
.304

.360
.303

5.7
4.9

46.0
48.0

44.1
37.0

15.87
11.21

20.15
18.29

16.56
14.59

10

535

.158

.159

49.8

7.92

8

87

.426

.349

.349

5.6

46.4

42.7

14.91

19.77

16.19

3
4

25
20

.155
.164

.155
.165

51.1
44.8

7.94
7.38

1

1

.390

.310

.310

6.0

48.0

45.0

13.95

18.72

14.88

Total................................................................

7

45

.159

.159

•48.3

7.69

Operators, can-painting machine and can-wash­
ing machine—Females:
District 1.............................................................

2

6

.437

.370

.385

5.8

48.0

45.8

17.57

20.98

17.76

Tally girls:
District 1.............................................................
Districts 2 to 6...................................................

1
2

1
16

.545
.360

.545
.304

.544
.304

6.0
5.4

45.0
48.0

45.0
41.8

24.50
12.73

24.53
17.28

24.53
14.59

Total................................................................

3

17

.371

.318

.319

5.4

47.8

42.0

13.43

17.73

15.20

Elevator operators—Females:
District 1.............................................................

1

1

.440

.360

.360

6.0

45.0

40.0

14.40

19.80

16.20

$0,662
.625
1.643
.642
.586
.676

5.9
5.9
16.0
6.0
6.0
5.5

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
54.6
48.0

46.6
46.3
148.0
47.3
52.0
44.3

$30.81 $36.19
28.95 33.74
130 86 32.74
30.33 34.61
30.46 34.20
29.91 33.79

$32.02
29.86
28.90
30.77
32.10
31.87

1.640
~ — -— i

i 5.9

48.7

147.0

i 30.13

AD
N

Total................................................................
Inspector—Females:
District 1.............................................................
Districts 2 to 6 ....................................................

SLAUGHTERING

Total................................................................
Packers—Females:
District 1.............................................................
Districts 2 to 6 ....................................................

6
16
10
5
11
7

Total................................................................

55

53 $0.343 $0,360
41
.349
.346
16
.339
.340
.352
.351
7
29
.337
.348
.393
.394
15
161

.348

.355

59.7
58.0
57.5
52.4
53.8
56.7

$21.48
20.07
19. 52
18.38
18.72
22.34

5
10
4
4
4
4

28 $0.754 $0,667
21
.622
.703
11
.682
.602
.641
4
.721
.638
8
.588
.664
.704
6

57.4

20.38

31

78

i Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.




.713

.636

34.65

30.97

INDUSTRY,

Blacksmiths—Males:
District 1 ............................................................
2.........................; ..................................
3 . . . . . .....................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

MEAT-PACKING

MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR DEPAR TM ENT.

T able 9 .—HOURS, W AGES, AND EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES, B Y DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, S E X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921—Continued.
MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR D EPA R TM E N T—Continued.

00
CD

[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

Average rate Aver­
of wages
age
Num­
earn­
per hour.
ber of
ings per
em­
hour
ploy­
After after
ees. Before reduc­ reduc­
reduc­
tion.
tion. tion.

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

Aver­
age
basic
or reg­
ular
hours
per
week.

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week.

Aver­
age
earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

TH
E

Aver­
Aver­
Aver­ Aver­
age
Num­ age
age
age
hours earn­
ber of
earn­ actu­
em­ rate of
ings re­
ally
ploy­ wages ings
per worked ceived
per
ees.
in one
hour. hour. in one week.
week.

O
F

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

Occupation, sex, and district.

BUIxLETIN

1921

1917

*
3
8
2
2
1

O
O
79 S . 315 S . 316
.369
39
.369
3
.367
.369
3
.366
.367
1
.385
.385

59.9
59.8
63.3
56.3
55.0

$18.97
22.05
23.36
20.59
21.17

3
5
2
2
1

25 $0,739 $0.659
14
.750
.668
.825
.745
2
2
.793
.713
1
.698
.650

$0,661
.673
.745
.752
.650

5.7
5.8
6.0
6.5
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0

45.2
46.8
48.0
52.0
45.0

$29. 88 $35.47
31.47 36.00
35.76 39.60
39.12 38.06
29.25 33.50

$31.63
32.06
35.76
34.22
31.20

BUREAU

Boiler makers, Gangers and riveters—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................

16

125

.335

336

59,9

20.09

13

44

.748

.668

.673

5.8

48.0

46.1

31.06

35.90

32.06

O
F

6
15
3
4
6
6

32
46
3
15
9
10

.750
.734
.415
.857
.484
.494

.749
.723
.417
.843
.467
.473

48.8
40.2
53.0
41.2
60.6
56.1

36.59
29.07
22.13
34.73
28.33
26.53

4
9
2
3
3
4

16
16
5
4
4
5

1.333
1.148
.734
1.518
.688
.843

1.253
1.068
.654
1.438
.626
.811

1.253
1.053
i. 751
1.438
.631
.814

5.7
5.1
l 6.0
6.0
6.0
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
57.0
48.0

41.8
36.9
1 49.5
44.0
55.9
46.7

52.33
38.85
i 37.19
63. 25
35.27
38.03

63.98
55.10
35.23
72.86
39.22
40.46

60.14
51.26
31.39
69.02
35.68
38.93

LABOR

Total................................................................

40

115

.706

.683

46.1

31.44

25

50

1.128

1.054

1 1.072

15.6

48.7

142.2

i 45.22

54.93

51.33

Carpenters—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.........
...................
3.............................................................
4................
........................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

8
17
11
6
12
8

531
440
119
88
118
49

.349
.338
.326
.338
.334
.398

.348
.334
.327
.337
.335
.393

53.9
55.8
53.6
54.9
54.7
56.7

18.76
18.64
17.54
18.47
18.35
22.28

6
10
4
4
4
5

277
154
62
24
60
23

.770
.695
.703
.713
.595
.718

.678
.610
.623
.633
.552
.663

.674
.605
1.654
.644
.550
.673

5.7
5.7
15.7
6.1
5.7
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
52.8
48.2

44.7
44.4
145.4
47.9
47.8
47.7

30.15
26.89
i 29.67
30.88
26.30
32.11

36.96
33.36
33.74
34.22
30.64
34.61

32.54
29.28
29.90
30.38
29.15
31.96

62 1,345

.343

.341

54.7

18.69

33

600

.722

.640

1.640

15.7

48.5

145.3

i 28.94

34.94

31.04

Total..................




..............

STATISTICS.

Total................................................................
Bricklayers and masons—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

9
17
10
6
11
7

285
156
65
41
52
43

.293
.345
.348
.390
.311
.405

.292
.345
.347
.385
.311
.401

57.8
55.2
55.1
47.2
54.6
56.5

16.89
19.07
19.14
18.15
17.01
22.66

7
9
4
4
3
5

215
114
43
19
27
65

.638
.650
.667
.685
.634
.684

.558
.570
.587
.600
.550
.619

.560
.570
i .574
.614
.549
.625

5.8
5.7
i 5.6
5.4
6.0
5.4

47.8
48.0
48.0
48.0
52.4
48.0

45.4
44.9
i 44.3
43.8
49.7
44.9

25.40
25.57
i 25.40
26.91
27.29
28.06

30.50
31.20
32.02
32.88
33.22
32.83

26.67
27.36
28.18
28.80
28.82
29.71

Total................................................................

60

642

.326

.324

55.9

18.12

32

483

.651

.573

1.574

15.7

48.2

145.3

i 25.98

31.38

27. 62

Electrical workers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

7
17
9
6
9
8

125
78
20
23
20
22

.348
.327
.347
.328
.359
.337

.347
.321
.347
.322
.363
.341

59.6
60.9
59.0
61.1
57.8
60.7

20.66
19.82
20.44
19.67
20.80
20.72

6
10
4
4
2
5

92
60
21
16
7
22

.790
.670
.694
.685
.675
.670

.710
. 594
.609
.605
.607
.637

.707
.594
i .628
.610
.601
.648

5.8
6.0
i 5.8
5.9
5.7
5.8

47.9
48.0
48.0
48.0
60.0
48.4

46.6
47.7
i 46.6
47.6
54.6
46.5

32.99
28.35
i 29.25
29.08
32.82
30.16

37.84
32.16
33.31
32.88
40.50
32.43

34. 01
28.51
29.23
29.04
36.42
30.83

56

Total..............

. .

...................

.343

59.3

20.35

31

218

.724

.650

1.652

15.9

48.4

147.3

i 30.79

35.04

31.46

9 1,673
17 1,410
10
348
7
393
13
424
336
9

.228
.242
.254
.224
.248
.253

.232
.243
.257
.225
.246
.254

58.4
54.9
54.4
54.1
55.4
55.6

13.55
13.31
13.99
12.18
13.64
14.11

6
10
4
4
4
5

417
224
64
80
99
24

.534
.533
.532
.510
.457
.513

.454
.454
.451
.431
.407
.486

.456
.454
1.456
.434
.415
.491

5.8
5.8
i 5.6
5.5
5.9
5.7

47.9
48.0
48.0
48.0
54.2
49.0

45.5
45.1
i 45.0
44.0
52.1
48.6

20.75
20.44
i 20.51
19.10
21.63
23.85

25. 58
25.58
25.54
24.48
24.36
25.14

21.75
21. 79
21.65
20.69
22.06
23.81

Total.................................................................

.238

.232

56.1

13.44

33

908

.523

.447

i .449

15.7

48.7

146.1

i 20.70

25.42

21. 77

8
17
9
7
10
7

173
117
51
25
21
28

.362
.369
.357
.360
.368
.377

.364
.369
.356
.357
.374
.379

60.5
60.6
56.2
62.4
57.1
57.7 |

22.01
22.40
20.00
22.30
21. 35
21.86

6
10
4
4
4
5

131
74
22
17
13
13

.752
.739
.707
.762
.666
.757

.673
.659
.630
.687
.621
.700

.671
.661
1.646
.691
.618
.711

5.9
5.8
i 5.9
5.9
6.0
6.0

47.8
48.0
48.0
48.0
51.5
48.3

46.5
46.5
146.8
43.8
50.2
48.1

31.18
30.73
i 30.22
30.26
30.98
34.23

35.95
35.47
33.94
36. 58
33.50
36.56

32.17
31.63
30.24
32.98
31. 98
33.81

Total................................................................

58

415

.365

.366

59.8

21.85

33

270

.742

.665

1.667

15.9

48.1

146.6

131.08

35.62

31.99

5
7

70
31

.287
.285

.293
.294

59.0
56.4

17.26
16.57

1

1

.210

.210

58.5

12.28

4
4
1
1
1
2

90
16
4
2
1
4

.644
.663
.740
.663
.570
.559

.563
.583
.660
.583
.500
.499

.563
.591
.660
.583
.500
.516

5.9
5.5
6.0
6.0
6.0
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0

47.0
42.1
48.0
46.5
45.0
52.5

26.49
24.88
31.68
27.13
22.50
27.10

30.91
31.82
35. 52
31.82
27.36
26.83

27.02
27.98
31.68
27.98
24.00
23.95

13

102

.286

.292

58.2

17.00

13

117

.647

.567

.568

5.9

48.0

46.6

26.44

31.06

27.22

Machine hands—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................
Total................................................................

i Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.




00

INDUSTRY.

65 4,584

Machinists—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

MEAT-PACKING

.340

AD
N

288

Laborers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.....................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

SLAUGHTERING

Coopers (repairers)—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

T a b l e 9 . — HOUBS, W AGES, AND EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES, BY DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, S E X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921-Continued.

00

00

MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR D EPAR TM EN T—Continued.
[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma Citv, and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Occupation, sex, and district.

120 $0,367 $0,366
.338
110
.338
20
.343
.344
43
.357
.357
9
.334
.339
2
.415
.413

62.9
64.5
61.5
57.0
55.9
64.0

$23.04
21.77
21.15
20.37
18.97
26.43

7
9
4
4
3
2

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

Aver­
age
basic
or reg­
ular
hours
per
week.

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week.

Aver■ age
earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

108 $0,732 $0.652
.595
.675
87
.652
.572
37
32
.611
.691
.552
.610
19
.633
5
.697

$0.659
.609
i .605
.615
.551
.632

5.9
5.9
i 5.7
5.7
5.9
5.8

47.9
48.0
33.7
48.0
54.9
48.0

48.3
47.3
145.2
45.4
52.5
48.2

$31.84 $35.06
28.80 32.40
i 27.34 21.97
27.93 33.17
28.96 33.49
30.47 33.46

$31.23
28.56
19.28
29.33
30.30
30.38

.353

62.3

21.98

29

288

.691

.613

1.625

15.9

46.6

147.7

129.79

32.20

28.57

6
16
6
5
9
6

100
97
26
20
36
15

.267
.279
.294
.292
.268
.339

.266
.281
.297
.290
.271
.332

57.4
15.26
53.9
15.17
58.5
17.38
53.4 . 15.46
14.48
53.5
55.7
18.51

6
10
4
3
4
2

58
30
14
8
26
2

.639
.612
.606
.646
.560
.650

.556
.525
.526
.566
.509
.570

.551
.532
1.517
.580
.504
.571

5.6
5.4
i 5.9
6.0
5.5
6.0

47.8
48.0
48.0
48.0
52.3
48.0

43.5
43.0
147.2
46.4
45.6
46.5

23.98
22.87
i 24.40
26.89
22.99
26.57

30.53
29.38
29.09
31.01
28.28
31.20

26.57
25.20
25.25
27.17
26.62
27.36

Total.................................................................

48

294

.279

.279

55.5

15.50

29

138

.616

.538

i .537

i 5.6

48.7

144.3

123.78

29.81

26.20

Repairers (belt men, box makers, brush makers,
brush repairers, calkers, door canvassers, har­
ness makers, plasterers, plugmen, pumpmen’s
pump repairers, ropemen’srepairers, saw filers,
automatic-sprinkler repairers, tool grinders,
truckmen, upholsterers, welders, wheelmen,
and wheelwrights)—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................

9
16
8

287
202
47

.316
.324
.313

.313
.321
.313

58.5
54.5
56.4

18.28
17.51
17.64

6
10
4

244
114
24

.721
.695
.643

.631
.609
.563

.624
.607
1.577

5.7
5.7
15.8

47.9
48.0
48.0

44.4
27.70
44.4
26.94
i 45. 8 126.46

34.54
33.36
30.86

30.22
29.23
27.02




STATISTICS,

.353

LABOR

304

O
F

34

Painters—Males:
District 1..........................................................
2...........................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6...........................................................

BUREAU

5
15
4
4
4
2

Average rate Aver­
of wages
age
Num­
earn­
per hour.
ber of
ings per
em­
hour
ploy­ Before After
after
ees. reduc­ reduc­ reduc­
tion.
tion. tion.

TH
E

Total..............................................................

Aver­
Aver­
Aver­ Aver­
age
age
Num­
Num­ Num­ age
hours earn­ ber of
age
ber of ber of
rate of earn­ actu­ ings re­
estab­
estab­
ally
lish­ ploy- wages ings
ceived lish­
per
per worked
ments. ees.
in one ments.
hour. hour. in one week.
week.

O
F

Millwrights—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2...........................................................
3................................................. ..........
4.............................................................
5...........................................................
6.............................................................

1921

BULLETIN

1917

4
5
6

6
11
5

88
95
77

.306
.314
.309

.296
.313
.311

58.8
58.2
56.9

17.39
18.20
17.69

4
4
3

18
41
5

.704
.612
.605

.624
.571
.531

.627
.571
.531

5.7
5.9
6.0

48.0
56.3
49.2

44.3
52.7
49.4

27.77
30.10
26.22

33.79
32.86
29.77

29.95
32.15
26.13

55

796

.316

.313

57.2

17.88

31

446

.698

.615

i .611

i 5.7

48.7

145.3

1 27.67

33.85

29.95

8
16
9
6
9
8

.354
154
.347
145
.348
35
47 . .342
36 . 352
.376
56

.353
.347
. 346
.342
.350
.374

62.2
60.0
58.0
57.5
56.2
57.4

21.98
20.82
20.07
19.68
19.66
21.44

7
10
4
4
4
5

116
76
29
23
20
27

.752.692
.678
.720
.601
.718

.673
.612
. 601
.640
.562
.689

.681
.625
1.653
.662
.560
.697

5.8
5.9
15.9
6.1
6.0
5.9

47.9
48.0
48.0
48.0
54.8
47.9

46.7
31.79
47.0
29.36
147.8 131.17
49.2
32.58
53.0
29.71
47.4
33.04

36.02
33.22
32.54
34.56
31.55
34. 39

32.24
29.38
28.85
30.72
30.80
33.00

56

473

.353

.352

59.7

21.02

34

291

.713

.641

1.655

15.9

48.4

147.6

1 31.13

34. 37

31.02

6
15
8
4
5
5

107
117
27
20
11
17

.324
.322
.322
.337
.341
.344

.328
.323
.319
.338
.341
.346

58.3
56.4
55.9
55.6
57.0
52.6

19.09
18.21
17.84
18.82
19.45
18.19

6
10
3
4
3
4

72
52
19
v 15
15
9

.708
.688
.676
.676
.609
.683

.625
.608
.596
.‘596
.560
.630

.619
.611
.592
.598
.561
.625

5.8
5.7
5.2
5.4
5.7
6.1

47.8
48.0
48.0
48.0
53.4
48.0

45.4
45.0
41.1
42.2
48.1
48.4

28.11
27.52
24. 35
25.20
26.98
30.25

33. 84
33.02
32.45
32.45
31.91
32.78

29.88
29.18
28.61
28.61
29.90
30.24

299

.326

.327

56.8

18.58

30

182

.687

.609

.608

5.7

48.4

44.9

27.32

33.18

29.48

5
15
5
1
2
3

27
42
9
1
4
3

.261
.302
.266
.350
.293
.379

.262
.305
.269
.350
.293
.379

60.0
65.1
50.6
53.0
56.1
59.7

15.71
19.88
13.59
18.65
16.46
22.59

5
10
4
3
4
4

222
140
17
15
50
9

.654
.637
.641
.646
.539
.677

.576
.565
.557
.566
.481
.651

.573
.572
i .578
.573
.478
.657

5.8
5.8
15.6
5.7
5.9
6.0

47.9
48.0
48.0
48.0
52.3
48.0

46.6
45.4
144.6
44.4
50.8
50.0

26.74
25. 97
125. 82
25.43
24.30
32.83

31. 33
30. 58
30. 77
31.01
28.03
32.50

27.59
27.12
26.74
27.17
25.16
31.25

Total.................................................................

31

86

.288

.291

61.2

17.83

30

453

.636

.563

1.564

15.8

48.4

146.6

1 26.28

30. 78

27.25

Blacksmiths' helpers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3..............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

5
13
6
4
4
7

62
36
6
5
8
9

.239
.249
.271
.234
.273
.279

.244
.249
.272
.234
.275
.280

56.1
54.6
60.8
53.0
55.8
60.1

13.67
13.59
16.52
12.39
15.33
16.81

4
9
3
4
3
4

23
14
7
4
4
5

.563
.552
.574
.541
.558
.508

.481
.472
.494
.461
.518
.476

.513
.475
1.521
.460
.514
.526

5.7
6.0
14.8
6.0
6.0
5.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
55.1
48.0

45.3
23.26
22. 57
47.5
138.3 1 19.94
47.1
21.70
51.9
26.66
40. 7
21.42

27.02
26. 50
27. 55
25.97
29.74
24. 38

23.09
22.66
23. 71
22.13
28.54
22. 85

39

126

.248 1 .251
56.0
= = j:
i Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.

14.07

27

57

.555

.481

1.501

i 5.7

48.5

145.4

1 22. 75 126. 86

23.33

Total.................................................................




INDUSTRY.

43

MEAT-PACKING

Total................................................................
Other skilled occupations (assistant foremen,
boiler washers, cranemen, elevator operators,
moiders, oilers, pattern makers, pipe coverers,
roofers, steel men, stencil cutters, utility and
general workers)—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5 .............................................................
6.............................................................

AD
N

Total.................................................................
Tinners—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

SLAUGHTERING

Total.................................................................
Steam fitters, pipe fitters, and plumbers—
Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

T a b le

9 .—HOURS, W AGES, AND EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES, B Y DEPARTM ENT, OCCUPATION, S E X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921—Continued.
M AINTENANCE AND REPAIR D EP AR TM EN T—Concluded.

CO
O

[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

Occupation, sex, and district.

11

114

.247

Carpenters’ helpers—Males:
District 1......................................................
2 .............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

3
5
6
2
5
5

26
103
12
7
33
12

Total.................................................................

26

193

Electrical workers’ helpers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................|
3.............................................................1
4...........................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................
Total................................................................




$13.55
14. 85
16.60
10. 97
9.98

2
3
1
1
1

.247

55.5

13.68

8

23

.554

.234
.242
.277
.218
.239
.272

.231
.396
.292
.218
.239
.273

44.9
30.9
54.8
58.0
51.2
51.2

10.50
12.23
16.02
12.64
12. 23
13.96

5
7
3
1
3
2

41
90
7
2
20
2

.243

.309

40.0

12. 35

21

Aver­
age
basic
or reg­
ular
hours
per
week.

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week.

$0. 501
.470
.413
.510
.464

6.0
5.6
4.5
6.0
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0

48.0
44.4
36.0
48.0
44.3

.476

.480

5.7

48.0

45.2

.538
.535
.615
.530
.505
.618

.458
.455
.535
.450
.479
.583

.458
.458
1.523
.523
.481
.599

5.8
5.7
l 5.0
6.5
5.7
4.5

162

.536

.464

i .466

9 $0.578 $0,498
.548
7
.468
.490
.410
2
.590
.510
1
.534
.465
4

Aver­
age
earn­
ings R
e­
ceived
in one
week.

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

$24.05 $27.74
20.90 26.30
14. 88 23.52
24.48 28. 32
20. 54 25. 63

$23.90
22.46
19.68
24.48
22.32

21. 70

26. 59

22. 85

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
51.3
49.0

21.16
46.2
45.3
20. 79
1 54.5 i 28. 51
52.5
27.45
21.90
45.5
22.17
37.0

25.82
25.68
29.52
25.44
23.63
30. 28

21.98
21.84
25.68
21.60
24.57
28. 57

i 5.7

48.4

145.9

i 21.41

25.67

22.46

6
11
8
3
6
2

29
26
13
7
15
6 |

.210
.248
.263
.239
.251
.275

.212
.247
.265
.238
.258
.273

60.7
57.3
55.1
56.8
52.0
66.6

12.86
14.18
14. 57
13. 51
13.44
18. 21

7
5
2
2
2
3

24
9
4
3
5
9

.542
.536
.596
.563
.536
.530

.465
.456
.516
.483
.483
.512

.468
.457
.530
.493
.483
.517

5.7
5.9
4.8
6.0
6.0
5.8

47.8
48.0
48.0
48.0
60.0
48.0

45.0
46.9
38.0
47.0
62.4
46.0

21. 05
21. 41
20.13
23.15
30.16
23. 77

25.91
25.73
28.61
27.02
32.16
25. 44

22.23
21.89
24.77
23.18
28.98
24.58

36

96

.240

.241

57.7

13.92

21

54

.544

.478

.481

5.7

49.0

46.7

22.45

26.66

23.42

STATISTICS.

Total.................................................................

55.4
56.8
65.0
47.0
48.1

84 $0,244 $0,244
22
.263
.261
2
.255
.255
2
.230
.233
.209
.207
4

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

O LABOR
F

.....................................

2
4
2
2
1

Average rate Aver­
of wages
age
Num­
per hour.
earn­
ber of
ings per
em­
hour
ploy­
after
ees. Before After reduc­
reduc­ reduc­
tion.
tion. tion.

BUREAU

Boiler makers’ helpers—Males:
District 1......................................................
2.............................................
3......................................................
4.............................................................
5

Aver­
Aver­
Aver­
age
age
Num­
age
hours
earn­ ber of
earn­ actu­
ings re­ estab­
ings
ally
lish­
per worked ceived
hour. in one in one ments.
week.
week.

TH
E

Aver­
Num­ age
ber of rate of
em­
wages
ploy­ per
ees. hour.

O
P

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

1921

BULLETIN

1917

Machinists’ helpers—Males:
District 1............................................................
2 ............................................................
3..................................... ......................
4............................................................
5............................................................
6............................................................

2
15
6
5
4
5

19
49
13
11
4
16

.237
.255
.258
.247
.263
.295

.231
.254
.262
.244
.264
.295

51.2
56.8
55.4
63.7
63.0
54.5

11.83
14. 45
14.50
15.55
16.59
16.10

4
6
3
2
3
3

33
26
5
3
5
7

.567
.536
.590
. 538
.529
.548

.486
. 456
. 510
.458
.488
.502

.485
.453
.519
.491
.490
.526

5.7
5.7
4.2
5.7
6.0
5.9

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
52.2
48.0

45.0
45.7
32.7
45.3
49.6
46.5

21.83
20.71
16.96
22.24
24.32
24.46

27.22
25.73
28. 32
25.82
26.03
26.30

23.33
21.89
24.48
21.98
25.47
24.10

37

112

.257

.256

56.3

14.43

21

79

.553

.478

.480

5.6

48.3

44.9

21.56

26.60

23.09

3
8
3
3
2
1

18
52
12
14
4
1

.233
.252
.282
.230
.254
.175

.234
.252
.284
.231
.253
.175

62.4
64.9
53.8
53.3
55.4
82.0

14.59
16.35
15.24
12.32
14.03
14.35

4
8
3
3
3

28
30
' 9
9
4

.554
.541
.574
.525
.572

.474
.461
.494
.445
.504

.482
.476
.505
.446
.505

6.0
5.8
4.6
5.4
6.0

47.9
48.0
48.0
48.0
54.0

48.3
47.1
36.2
42.7
49.5

23.25
22.40
18.29
19.02
24.98

26.54
25.97
27.55
25.20
30.89

22.70
22.13
23.71
21.36
27.22

101

.248

.248

61.3

15.23

21

80

.549

.470

.479

5.7

48.3

45.9

21.98

26.52

22.70

3
7
4
2
2
3

25
12
14
4
4
8

.232
.238
.246
.221
.238
.278

.232
.240
.248
.221
.238
.275

61.4
56.6
52.6
58.5
57.4
55.8

14.26
13.56
13.02
12.95
13.66
15.32

6
6
4
3
4
4

57
22
12
3
38
7

.592
.546
.537
.532
.521
.556

.512
.466
.460
.452
.491
.510

.514
.466
i .465
.456
.474
.512

5.6
5.8
1 5.0
6.0
5.8
6.0

47.7
48.0
48.0
48.0
54.4
48.0

43.9
45.2
1 39.5
47.7
50.2
48:1

22.59
21.06
i 18.38
21.76
23.78
24.62

28.24
26.21
25.78
25.54
26.62
26.69

24.42
22.37
22.08
21.70
26.71
24.48

21

67

.241

.241

57.6

13.89

27

139

.557

.493

i .491

i 5.7

49.7

146.1

i 22.61

27.13

24.50

6
16
7
4
7
8

151
138
42
34
25
41

.233
.247
.262
.223
.301
.268

.233
.247
.262
.223
.303
.267

56.4
54.8
56.6
55.7
52.7
55.5

13.14
13.53
14.84
12.39
15.97
14.84

6
9
3
3
3
5

104
68
17
10
14
21

.544
.535
.570
.525
.478
.544

.464
.455
.490
.445
.438
.514

.472
.468
.497
.453
.435
.516

5.9
5.8
4.7
6.1
5.8
5.7

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
57.4
48.0

46.9
45.7
37.5
48.4
52.3
44.9

22.09
21.41
18.61
21.92
22.75
23.17

26.11
25.68
27.36
25.20
27.44
26.11

22.27
21.84
23.52
21.36
25.14
24.67

Total.................................................................

48

431

.247.

.246

55.6

13.70

29

234

.539

.466

.472

5.7

48.6

46.1

21.77

26.20

22.65

Tinsmiths’ helpers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

6
14
3
4
3
3

42
48
8
5
8
7

.234
.253
.251
.223
.223
.246

.235
.253
.252
.225
.223
.250

54.3
54.3
57.3
49.0
53.3
57.0

12.77
13. 77
14.45
11.04
11.85
14.27

4
7

23
27

.551
.541

.471
.461

.470
.461

5.9
5.8

48.0
48.0

46.6
45.4

21.88
20.95

26.45
25.97

22.61
22.13

2
1
3

3
4
4

.533
.525
.519

.453
.455
.479

.477
.455
.525

6.3
6.0
6.5

48.0
48.0
48.0

49.7
42.5
51.5

23.70
19.35
27.05

25. 58
25.20
24.91

21.74
21.84
22.99

Total................................................................

33

118

.243

.244

54.4

13.24

17

61

.542

.465

.469

5.9

48.0

46.3

21.73

26.02

22.32

i Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.




INDUSTRY,

Total................................................................
Steam fitters’ helpers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.................................................... . . . .
6.............................................................

MEAT-PACKING

20

AD
N

Total.................................................................
Repairers’ helpers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

SLAUGHTERING

Total................................................................
Millwrights’ helpers—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

co
H*

T able 9 .—HOURS, W AGES, AND EARNINGS OF EMPLOYEES, B Y DEPARTMENT, OCCUPATION, S E X , AND DISTRICT, 1917 AND 1921—Concluded.
NONPRODUCTIVE EMPLOYEES, A L L D EP AR TM EN TS.

CD

to

[District 1, Chicago; district 2, Kansas City, Omaha, St. Louis, East St. Louis, and St. Joseph; district 3, St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Ottumwa; district 4, Oklahoma City and
Fort Worth; district 5, Buffalo, Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis; district 6, Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.]

1917

Aver­
age
rate of
wages
ploy- per
ees. hour.

Num­
ber of

9
5
11
7

52
39
43
39

.249
.228
.203
.249

.251
.228
.207
.269

52.6
54.8
50.1
52.5

$13.90
14.11
13.23
12.49
10.36
14.11

7
9
4
4
4
5

Total.................................................................

57

492

.238

.241

56.1

13.50

Elevator operators—Males:
District 1.............................................................
2.............................................................
3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

9
16
10
6
11
8

211
167
61
31
68
53

.233
.233
.242
.242
.244
.245
.218
.219
.249 • .250
.265
.269

70.1
62.4
60.2
61.4
55.9
57.6

60

591

.241

.241

9
16
10

311
262
121

.252
.269
.278

.254
.271
.279

Total.............................. ..............................
Scalers—Males:
District 1..... ........................................................
2.............................................................
3..................................... .......................




155 $0,231 $0,232

Aver­
age
basic
or reg­
ular
hours
per
week.

Aver­
age
hours
actu­
ally
worked
in one
week.

Aver­
age
earn­
ings re­
ceived
in one
week.

Average full­
time earnings
per week.
Before After
reduc­ reduc­
tion. tion.

5.7
137 $0,534 $0.457 $0.462
48.0
.534
2.............................................................
.459
5.9
.455
107
47.9
.464
42
.517
.439
5.5
48.0
.461
5.3
.533
.453
48.0
30
.372
50.4
30
.428
.368
5.7
.488
5.8
33
.535
.470
48.4

44.4
16
45.5
43.1
42.3
44.1
47.9

33

379

.523

.448

.456

5.8

48.2

44.8

20.43

25. 21

21.59

16.34
15.11
14. 77
13.47
13.97
15.50

6
10
4
4
2
3

128
127
31
23
14
9

.544
.536
.525
.518
.452
.490

.465
.457
.445
.438
.413
.473

.471
.461
1.462
.440
.413
.511

5.9
5.8
1 5.4
5.9
6.0
5.9

54. 5
47.9
48.0
48.0
54.6
52.0

48.3
46.2
1 44.5
47.3
59.1
55.8

22.73
21.28
1 20. 57
20.80
24. 45
28. 48

29.65
25.67
25.20
24.86
24.23
25.48

25.34
21.89
21.36
21.02
22.55
24.60

63.7

15.33

29

332

.532

.456

i. 462

i 5.8

48.4

1 47.8

i 22.11

25.75

22.07

60.3
59.6
5S.6

15.34
16.15
16.36

7
9
4

153
102
52

.566
.571
.544

.508
.527
.478

.516
.535
.490

5.7
5.9
5.8

47.9
47.8
48.0

45.3
45.8
45.5

23. 38
24.50
22.29

27.11
27.29
26.11

24.33
25.19
22.94

59.8

$20.50 $25.63 $21.94
164
20.92 .250
21.79 56.3
25.58 .250
20.01 24.82
21.07
19.49 25.58
21.74
16.40 21.49
18.55
23.36 25.89
22.75

STATISTICS,

9

3.............................................................
4.............................................................
5.............................................................
6.............................................................

Aver­
age
num­
ber of
days
worked
in one
week.

O LABOR
F

Branders, stampers, taggers, and stencilers—
Males:
District 1.............................................................

Average rate Aver­
age
of wages
Num­
earn­
per hour.
ber of
ings per
em­
hour
ploy­
Before After after
ees. reduc­ reduc­ reduc­
tion.
tion. tion.

BUREAU

Aver­ Aver­
Aver­
age
age
hours earn­ Num­
age
ber of
earn­ actu­ ings re­ estab­
ings
ally
ceived lish­
per worked
hour. in one in one ments.
week. week.

TH
E

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

O
F

Occupation, sex, and district.

1921

BULLETIN

[Employees in the following occupations are not included in the figures for departments in this table or in any other table of this report. In Bulletin No. 252 (the 1917 report)
they were shown under nonproductive or miscellaneous employees.]

906

3
4

6..
13

TotaL.

37

.263

.266

59.1

15.70

.148
.149
.132
.175
.175
.167

48.1
50.6
50.0
40.0
46.9
48.0

.153

.153

48.5

7.39

.334

33

27.06

24.45

19.87
20.64
20.30
18.24
12.97

16.03
16.80
16.46
14.40
12.62

19.67

16.07

14.40

19.80

16.20

46.0
44.3
43.5
47.6

14.61
16.48
15.84
14.18

19.10
20.64
19.25
15.64

15.26
17.76
17.33
14.65

45.1

15.21

19.32

16.71

47.4
53.3
51.3

5.8

48.7

£.7

5.6
6.0
3.5
5.8

48.0
48.0
48.0
48.0
49.5

.337

5.7

:8 .1

42.6

.360

.360

6.0

45.0

40.0

.318
.370
.361

.318
.372
.364

6.0
5.8
5.5
6.0

48.0
48.0
48.0
49.5

.346

.337

48.3

(2)

42.9
43.6

(2
)

27.8
43.1

14.46
15.38

(3)

8.23
11.01

15

63

.155
.173
.160
.173

57.5
56.5
45.6
55.9

8.92
9.78
7.28
9.65

.430
.401
.316

.164

.164

54.1

8.90

.400

1 Not including data for 1 establishment in which employees are paid biweekly.

* 2-week establishment.

MEAT-PACKING
INDUSTRY,




.409

23.47
24. 55
27.24

48.0
54.2
51.6

AD
N

.

Total-

.338
.353
<2)
.296
.255

.155
.172
.162
.171

2.........
4
5

.334
.350
.343
.300
.255

22.92
24.11
27.88

26.16
26.50
30.96

5.9
5.9
6.0

.484
.452
.543

8.00

Elevator operators—Females:
District 1...........................
Scalers—Females:
District 1........

.502

. 414
.430
.423
.380
.262

7.12
7.52
6.60
7.00
8.19

32

.489
.453
.528

.558

15

SLAUGHTERING

2 ........................................

14. 72
16.18
14.23

.148
.149
.133
.175
.174
.167

Total..
Branders and stampers—Females:
District 1....................................

58.3
57.5
53.2

.545
.501
.600

.440

.250 ! .252
. 277
.281
.258

CO
co-




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