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U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
ROYAL MEEKER, Commissioner

BU LLETIN O F TH E U N ITED STATES }
BU R E A U OF L A B O R S T A T I S T I C S !
WAGES

AND

HOURS

OF

’ ‘ ’
LABOR

. J
\IlU ,

O tZ l
LW L

SERIES

WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR
IN COTTON-GOODS MANUFAC­
TURING AND FINISHING, 1918




NOVEM BER, 1919

WASHINGTON
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
1919




CONTENTS.

Introduction and summary.............................................................................................. 5-25
Explanation of scope and m ethod.................................................................................. 25-28
General tables................................................................................................................... 29-147
M A NU FA C TU R ING .

Table A .—Average and classified full-time hours per week, and earnings per
hour, and average full-time weekly earnings, in the United States, by
years, 1907 to 1918.................................................................................................. 30-39
Table B.— Average and classified full-time hours per week, and earnings per
hour, and average full-time weekly earnings, in each State, b y years, 1916
and 1918................................................................................................................... 40-61
Table C.—Average and classified full-time hours per week, and earnings
per hour, and average full-time weekly earnings, for piece workers and
time workers, by States, 1918.............................................................................62-87
Table D.—Average full-time hours, hours actually worked, full-time weekly
earnings and amounts actually earned, and number of employees work­
ing each classified per cent of full-time and earning each classified
amount, during one pay-roll period, for piece workers and time workers,
by States, 1918..................................................................................................... 88-121
FIN ISH IN G .

Table E .— Average and classified full-time hours per week, and earnings
per hour, and average full-time weekly earnings, in the United States,
by years, 1911 to 1918....................................................................................... 122-125
Table F.—Average and classified full-time hours per week, and earnings per
hour, and average full-time weekly earnings, in each State, b y years,
1916 and 1918..................................................................................................... 126-131
Table G.— Average and classified full-time hours per week, and earnings per
hour, and average full-time weekly earnings, for piece workers and time
workers, b y States, 1918.................................................................................... 132-137
Table H.— Average full-time hours, hours actually worked, full-time weekly
earnings and amounts actually earned, and number of employees work­
ing each classified per cent of full time and earning each classified
amount, during one pay-roll period, for piece workers and time workers,
by States, 1918.................................................................................................. 138-147




3




BULLETIN OF THE

U. S. BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
no.

262.

W A S H IN G T O N .

N ovem ber.

1919

WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN COTTON-GOODS MANU­
FACTURING AND FINISHING, 1918.
INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY,
Earnings per hour, hours of labor per week, and full-time and
actual weekly earnings in the cotton-goods manufacturing and
finishing industry of the United States for the year 1918 are present­
ed in this report. Separate figures are shown for cotton-goods
manufacturing and cotton-goods finishing. Comparable figures are
shown for 1916, and summaries for each year, except 1915 and 1917,
from 1907 to 1918 for cotton-goods manufacturing and from 1911 to
1918 for cotton-goods finishing are also shown. Data were not
collected for 1915 and 1917 nor for cotton-goods finishing prior to
1911.1
In 1918 the average full-time weekly earnings of male employees
in the selected occupations in cotton-goods manufacturing varied
from $11.37 for drawing-frame tenders to $26.40 for mule spinners.
The average full-time weekly earnings of female employees varied
from $10.28 for trimmers or inspectors to $17.06 for beamer tenders.
In cotton-goods finishing the average full-time weekly earnings
of male employees in the selected occupations varied from $14.39
for bleach house laborers to $43.38 for the skilled occupation of
printers. Data were obtained for the wages of females in cottongoods finishing for only one occupation— knotters— in which the
average full-time weekly earnings in 1918 were $11.19.
A summary of the rates of wages and hours of labor in the prin­
cipal occupations of the two branches of the industry is presented
in Table 1, which follows. This table shows very clearly the general
reduction of hours and increase of earnings between 1907 and 1918,
as well as the prevailing rates and hours of labor in 1918.
1 Previous reports of wages and hours of labor in cotton-goods manufacturing and finishing have been
published b y the bureau, as follows: N ineteenth Annual Report, covering 1890 to 1893; B ulletin No. 59
(July, 1905), covering 1903 and 1904; B ulletin No. 65 (July, 1906), covering 1934 and 1905; B ulletin No. 71
(July, 1907), covering 1905 and 1906; B ulletin No. 77 (July, 1908), covering 1906 and 1907; B ulletin No. 128
(August, 1913), covering 1907 to 1912; B ulletin No. 150 (May, 1914), covering 1912 and 1913; B ulletin No. 190
(May, 1916), covering 1913 and 1914; and B ulletin No. 239 (April, 1918), covering 1914 and 1916.




5

[Table

ca

1.—
AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PEE WEEK AND EAP.NINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULL-TIME WEEKLY
EARNINGS IN THE PRINCIPAL OCCUPATIONS, 1907 TO 1918.

MANUFACTURING.
[The figures opposite each group of years are for identical establishments. When a second line is shown for 1918 it contains all data obtained for 1918, whether or not comparable
data for 1916 were available.]

523
515

88 establishments............

1911
1912

88 establishments............

58 J

.120
.122

V)

786
800

.121
.134

C
1)

1912
1913

804
845

.134
.138

1913
1914

871
904

.139
.144

88 establishments............

1914
1916

792

.145
.166

105 establishments...........

1916
1918

896
718

.167
.267

106 establishments...........

1918

719

56.1

.267

84

1907
1908

219
234

60.4
59.7

.100

6.04
5.85

59 establishments............

90 establishments............

Drawing-f^ame tenders, male:
34 establishments............




6
2
52

16

C
1)
1
1

C
1)
29
19

1.06

C
1)
C
1)

66

12

2
2

0)

20
15

2
30

0)
13

1

14
8

29
8

15
19

1
61

0)

C
1)

1

9
19

10
11

0)

4
9

15
13

C
1)

(0

19
15

10
0)

C
1)

1
5

8

8

19

61

1

GOODS.

80.131
.124
.121
.124

LABOR— COTTON

1910
1911

59.1
59.1
5 9 .;
57.1

O
P

284
289
287
318

HOUES

1907
1908
1909
1910

AN
D

Card strippers, male:
36 establishments............

WAGES

Occupation, sex, and number of
establishments.

Per cent of employees whose
Per cent of employees whose earnings per hour were—
full-time hours per week
Aver­ Aver­ Aver­
were—
age
age
age
Num­ futlearn­ full­
Year. ber of time
time
10
12
20
ings weekly
16
em­ hcurs
14
18
Un­ and and and and and and and and
25
57
54
per
ployees. per
earn­ Un­ and and
hcur.
der unier under 60. Over der under under under under under under under under Cts.
C.
O
ings.
and
10
12
14
18
20
16
25
54.
60.
57.
cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. over.

1909
1910

253
253

59.7
58.5

.099
.098

5.91
5.73

45

51
13

35
31

14
11

20
22

9
7

19
21

37
32

14
16

1
2

56 establishments.............................

1910
1911

436
457

59.5
59.7

.096
.097

5.70
5.78

33
32

12
10

25
26

29
32

17
16

13
20

28
25

29
22

11
15

1
2

84 establishments.............................

1911
1912

750
723

59.5
57.9

.097
.108

5.73
6.22

28
32

17
17

31
48

23
2

18
14

17
5

25
10

26
36

12
25

3
7

82 establishments.............................

1912
1913

727
624

57.9
58.0

.108
.109

6.20
6.31

32
32

17
12

48
55

2
1

15
11

5
2

10
13

35
35

25
25

7
9

76 establishments.............................

1913
1914

572
660

58.4
57.9

.109
.116

6.32
6.66

25
34

13
5

60
60

1
1

14
9

3
4

10
8

37
30

26
31

8
13

74 establishments. .

1914
1916

649
662

57.8
58.2

.117
.127

6.75
7.32

36
29

6
6

58
65

1
1

6
7

4
6

8
4

31
27

33
22

13
12

4
14

82 establishments.............................

1916
1918

681
510

58.4
57.4

.126
.199

7.32
11.39

26
28

5

69
63

1
2

7
C
1)

6
C
1)

4
1

28
3

23
11

12
13

16

1918

515

57.3

.199

11.37

29

63

1

0)

C
1)

1

3

11

13

16

1907
1908
1909
1910

234
232
249
233

60.2
59.3
59.4
58.1

.093
.093
.091
.089

5.60
5.51
5.41
5.17

29

50
56
51
47

27
37
42
21

23
7
6
3

20
31
28
25

16
19
22
24

IS
11
12
22

43
23
32
26

3
17
7
2

0)

•

27 establishments.............................

1910
1911

359
344

58.2
57.7

.090
.094

5.20
5.41

38
42

39
42

16
11

8
5

22
20

20
17

29
25

27
£8

1
10

0)
0)

.
.

45 establishments.............................

1911
1912
1913

502
525
594

57.8
57.0
56.8

.095
.110
.114

5.46
6.23
6.48

34
38
39

51
44
45

11
16
16

4
2

16
4
3

14
5
2

31
11
7

30
62
59

9
13
20

0)

32 establishments.............................

1913
1914

594
574

56.7
55.5

.115
.118

6.51
6.51

41
75

45
11

14
14

2
3

1
1

7
6

59
44

22
35

7
6

31 establishments.............................

1914
1916

569
£26

55.3
55.5

.118
.142

6.50
7.86

78
77

11
9

11
14

3
5

1

9
2

40
9

37
21

6
44

12

1916
1918

660
723

55.6
54.7

.136
.210

7.53
11.44

73
81

13

14
16

5

2
0)

16
2

20
4

41
8

10
11

50

1918

818

54.8

.209

11.40

0)

2

5

9

10

46

Drawing-frame tenders, female:
19 establishments.............................




0)

78

i Less than 1 per cent.

18

0)
1

C
1)
0)

11

3
29

18
18

i

4
7

SUM M ARY.

55 establishments.............................

.

0)
C
1)

AND

43 establishments.............................

,

C
1)

IN T R O D U C T IO N

84 establishments.............................

0)

•

0)

0)
4

0)
1

(*)

19

22

T able

1.—
AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULL-TIME WEEKLY

oo

EARNINGS IN THE PRINCIPAL OCCUPATIONS, 1907 TO 1918—Continued.

MANUFACTURING—Continued.

$0.192
.308

$11.21

1918

766

56.7

.307

17.22

54.2
54.0

.188
.257

10.18
13.87

69

97
100
99

20
69

5
51

55

1916
1918

10

17.23

47

0)

0)

13

0)

19

1918

74

54.1

.257

13.89

1907
1908
1909
1910

201
224
258
249

61.1
61.2
61.0

.116
.123
.129
.131

7.41
7.52
7.89
7.99

100
24
24
23

32 establishments..

1910
1911

426

61.4
61.4

.131
.135

8.03

36
39

62 establishments..

1911
1912

623
666

61.2
59.7

.135
.142

8.24
8.47

61 establishments..

1912
1913

745

59.7
59.8

.143
.145

8.52
8.72

2
, 1

59.7
59.7

.145
.151

8.64
9.04

0)

.153
.164

9.04
9.67

17 establishments..
Speeder tenders, male:
16 establishments..

1913
1914

742
778

58 establishments..

1914
1916

799
1,285




3
2

0)

G)
1
1

21

22

25

0)

29
(l)

50

0)

GOODS.

55 establishments..

24

L A B O R — COTTON

57.5
56.7

O
F

Slubber tenders, female:
.13 establishments..

834
764

HOURS

103 establishments.

1916
1918

AND

Slubber tenders, male:
100 establishments.

Year.

Per cent of employees whose
full-time hours per week
Per cent of employees whose earnings per hour wereAver­
were—
Aver­
age
age
full­
earn­ time
ings weekly
10
20
12
14
16
18
Un54
57
25
per
and and and and and and and and
earn­ Un­ and and
der under under 60. Over der under under under under under under under under cts.
hour.
60.
and
ings.
10
12
20
16
18
54.
14
25
57.
60.
cts.
cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. over.

WAGES

Occupation, sex, and number of
establishments.

Average
Num­ full­
ber of
time
emhcurs
per
week.

95 ^tahlishmenfai................. ...........
98 f^tnhlhhiriPTitf*.
Speeder tenders, fema’e:
35 establishments..............................

1916
1918

1,739
1,455

58.5
58.2

.174
.265

10.13
15.30

C
1)

26
31

71
69

1918

1,478

58.2

.265

15.28

0)

31 .

69

0)

1907
1908
1909
1910

721
694
714
800

59.3
59.1
59.1
57.6

.139
.138
.135
.134

8.24
8.16
7.98
7.72

55

64
63
63
23

21
30
31
18

14
1

22
2

17
5

8

21
31.

7
53

0)

1

1

2

5

8

31

53

13
17
17
16

24
24
34
36

34
27
34
27

17
14
7
8.

3
7
1
4

1
1
0)

1

4
4
2
3.

3
5
4
5

3
2

5
5.

17
17

35
30

28
33

8
9

3
3

2
1

5
3

16
11

29
16

34
33

10
24

3
8

1
1

3
2

11
10

16
17

33
35

24
26

8
7

2
3

0)
0)

1
1

2
2

9
9

16
14

33
29

27
30

9
10

3
5

0)

1

2
1

9
5

14
6

29
9

30
16

10
25

5
34

0)

1

4

10
2

15
3

26
4

34
17

4
72

57.8
57.9

.133
.135

7.68
7.80

51
50

27
26

14
14

8
10

82 establishments.............................

1911
1912

1,753
1,784

57.9
56.6

.136
.149

7.86
8.42

46
50

31
30

15
18

8
2

1

80 establishments.............................

1912
1913

1,791
1,855

56.7
56.7

.148
.151

8.38
8.55

51
48

28
32

19
IS

2
1

79 establishments..............................

1913
1914

1,946
2,001

56.5
55.8

.153
.155

8.61
8.61

0)

51
69

31
10

18
21

0)

' <v

1914
1916

1,987
2,578

55.8
55.6

.155
.187

8.62
10.33

0)
0)

70
73

10
9

20
17

0)
(0

0)
0)

1916
1918

2,986
3,189

55.6
54.9

.188
.276

10.38
15.10

0)
0)

73
85

1918

3,214

55.0

.277

15.10

0)

84

1907
1908
1909
1910

199
193
156
131

58.6
58.4
58.5
56.8

.234
.225
.221
.218

13.71
13.14
12.93
12.38

14 establishments..............................

1910
1911

222
207

57.0
57.0

.219
.225

12.50
12.82

18 establishments..............................

1911
1912
1913

288
266
258

56.8
55.7
55.6

.255
.279
.281

14 establishments..............................

1913
1914

234
245

55.6
54.9

11 establishments..............................

1914
1916

215
196

17 establishments..............................

1916
1918

334
303

95 establishments..........................
100 establishments............................
Spinners, mule, male:
11 establishments..............................




0)
0)

1

0)

0)
0)

0)
2-

0)
0)

0)

3

16
15

C
1)
0)

C
1)
C
1)

0)
0)

(0

0)

15

11

6
1

C
1)

0)

0)

0)

0)

1

2

3

4

17

72

1

1
1
3
1

4
7
6
8

12
11
11
21

54
58
68
61

29.
23
12
9

1
2

5
3

19
16

63
64

12
14

2

2
2
3

11
8
5

51
36
3S

33
55
58

4
2

6
7

28
27-

62
64

1

8
1

28
7

62
92

6

93
99

68

82
76
25

31
19
24
7

53
53

43
43

4
4

14.44
15.48
15.58

62
68
71

35
32
29

3

.286
.291

15.82
15.95

68
82

18

0)

54.9
54.8

.296
.346

16.20
18.94

80
80

20
20

0)

54.7
54.3

.345
.487

18.85
26.40

88
103

1 Less than 1 per cent.

1
1
0)

0)
0)

0)

1

SUM M ARY.

1,175
1,189

1
1

AND

1910
1911

1
0)
(0

IN T R O D U C T IO N

57 establishments.............................

1
1

76 establishments.............................

1

1

0)

15
7
6
4

0)

5
1

10

0)
0)

0)
0)

Table

1. -AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULL-TIME WEEKLY
EARNINGS IN THE PRINCIPAL OCCUPATIONS, 1907 TO 1918—Continued.

MANUFACTURING—Continued.

HOURS

1907
1908
1909
1910

184
214
188
188

59.4
58.8
58.9
57.2

$0,124
.119
.117
.119

3
2

16
5
13
17

17
38
19
21

17
24
28
33

13
13
12
11

17
7
3
5

1
2
6
3

36 establishm ents..

1910
1911

261
420

57.2
57.0

.120
.125

2
3

13
5

21
23

40
44

10
19

5
3

2
1

46 establishm ents..

1911
1912

700
679

57.2
56.2

.126
.148

2
1

7
3

24
17

40
18

19
25

5
15

1
15

49 establishm ents..

1912
1913

564
530

56.7
56.9

.144
.143

1
4

4
4

19
16

19
21

27
22

15
14

11
11

3
5

31 establishments..

1913
1914

503
458

56.8
55.2

.145
.152

3
2

4
4

16
14

21
13

23
22

15
22

12
13

5
9

38 establishments..

1914
1916

547

54.7
56.6

.150
.169

2
3

5
3

16
8

13
10

22
9

21
11

12
12

8
27

8

41 establishments..

1916
1918

338

56.6
54.1

.164
.249

2
1

3

9
6

8
6

11
7

10
7

10
4

29
17

6
51

53 establishments -.

1918

383

54.3

.248

48

16

50

1907
1908
1909
1910

2,317
2,114
2,408
2,500

61.0

.110
.107
.106
.112

6.71
6.41
6.34
6.55

12

0)

61

1

1

5

7

7

8

5

41

8
7
8
8

16
7
17
11

15
29
26
27

23
22
24
24

12
9
8
13

4
3
2
3

I1
)
u

IS

2

0)

0)

5

1

0)

L A B O R ----------------------------------------------------------------




58.5

78

3

O
F

Spinners, frame, female:
36 establishments..

4
3

AND

Spinners, frame, male:
25 establishments. .

P8r cent of employees whose
full-time hours per week
Per cent of employees whose earnings per hour werewere—
Aver­ Aver­
age
age
fuJearn­ time
8
10
12
16
20
ings weekly
9
14
18
57
Un- and and and and and and and and
54
25
per
earn­ Un­ and and
der under under 60. Over der under under under under under under under under cts.
hour.
8
ings.
and
9
12
16
20
14
18
25 over.
54.
10
60.
cts. cts. cts.
57.
cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts.

WAGES

Occupation, sex, and number of
establishments.

Aver­
age
Num­ full­
Year. ber of time
em­ hours
ployees
per
week.

59 establishments..

1910
1911

3,704
3,735

59.0
59.1

.108
.111

6.33
6.48

35
34

17
17

29
28

18
20

18
14

9
10

12
13

23
23

23
24

U
12

3
3

0)

88 establishments..

1911
1912

6,214

59.1
58.0

.111
.123

6.51
7.11

27
29

27
27

30
41

15
3

12
8

10
5

13
8

26
23

25
21

11
26

3
6

0)

88 establishments..

1912
1913

6,364
6,561

58.0
57.9

.124
.127

6.98
7.29

30
29

26
27

41
42

3
2

8
8

5
6

8
7

23
22

21
18

25
25

7
10

3
3

1
1

90 establishments..

1913
1914

6,762
6,906

57.8
56.9

.128
.132

7.33
7.45

31
53

26
5

41
42

2

0)

0)

8
4

5
6

7
8

22
21

18
17

25
24

10
14

4
5

1
1

88 establishments..

1914
1916

6,766
7,012

56.8
57.2

.132
.147

7.47
8.32

O)
0)

54
48

5
5

40
46

0)
0)

4
8

6
4

8
6

20
14

17
13

24
9

14
12

5
21

2
11

1

104 establishments.

1916
1918

7,706
7,723

57.2
55.9

.149
.233

8.24
12.90

0)

5

47
56

7

0)

8

4

0)

45
38

13
3

13
5

10
8

12
9

21
9

12
20

1
45

1918

7,752

56.1

.233

12.89

5

56

0)

1916
1918

3,206
2,831

57.9
56.1

.139
.231

48.15
12.89

1
12

33
35

1918

2,857

56.1

.231

12.87

12

36

1916
1918

537
655

55.0
52.8

.162
.256

8.92
13.56

7
13

£9
87

1918

703

52.6

.255

13.46

16

85

1916
1918

3,662
3,750

57.2
56.2

.137
.207

7.73
11.46

1918

3,759

56.2

.207

11.46

59.4
59.6

.176
.247

10.41
10.71

9
6

91
94

6

94

102 establishments.
Doffers, female:
19 establishments..

105 establishments.
Warper tenders, male:
25 establishm ents..
31 establishm ents...
Warper tenders, female:
78 establishments. . .
82 establishments.




1916
1918

0)

0)

1

0)

0)

6
1

38

1

0)

0)

1

3

5

8

9

9

20

45

0)

61
52

1
1

11
(1)

0)

6
1

20
1

10
4

13
8

14
11

11
12

7
25

1
38

C
1)

51

1

0)

0)

1

1

4

8

11

12

25

38

5

3

13
0)

26
2

26
9

19
5

4
25

3
59

C
1)

2

9

5

25

59

4

7

33

5

4)
52

7
(*)

47
42

C
1)
0)

9
1

7
1

8
1

17
6

14
9

14
12

13
11

9
9

9
23

1
28

5

52

(*)

43

Q)

1

1

1

6

9

12

11

9

23

28

4

12
1

32
1

21
4

8
5

11
45

12
43

1

2

5

6

45

40

4
C
1)

13
1

12
2

21
8

19
8

25
24

6
58

C
1)

1

2

8

8

24

58

1918

82

59.6

.243

14.48

1916
1918

562
585

56.0
55.3

.182
.259

10.15
14.20

1

68
77

10
0)

22
22

C
1)
C
1)

1918

595

55.4

.259

14.20

1

76

0)

22

(I)

i Less than 1 per cent.

C
1)

SUM M ARY.

26 establishments...
Spooler tenders, female:
104 establishments..

0)
0)

AND

Doffers, male:
99 establishments..

2

IN T R O D U C T IO N

105 establishments.

0)

Table 1.—AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULL-TIME WEEKLY
EARNINGS IN THE PRINCIPAL OCCUPATIONS, 1907 TO 1918—Continued.

M
fcO

MANUFACTURING—Continued.

$15.01
22.65

67
61

33
38

0)

1918

280

56.3

.404

22.63

C3

37

0)

1916
1918

91
98

54.8
54.1

.224
.297

12.28
16.07

97
98

3
2

1918

113

54.1

.315

17.06

98

2

1907
1908'
1909
1910

159
158
167
166

60.3
59.6
59.4
58.1

.183
.183
.180
.181

11.03
10.91
10.69
10.52

57 establishments.............................

1910
1911

276
303

58.4
58.5

.178
.178

10.33
10.32

85 establishments.............................

1911
1912

455
447

58.5
57.4

.194
.215

85 establishments.............................

1912
1913

449
472

57.4
57.6

87 establishments.............................

1913
1914

485
528

1914
1916

499
499

24 establishments.............................
Beamer tenders, female:
5 establishments...............................
7 establishments......... .....................
Slasher tenders, male:
35 establishments..............................

7 8 establishments.............................




2

1

9
1

15
6

63
93

1

5

93

1

3

9
2

8
3

£6
18

22
21

1
55

2

3

16

19

61

19
8
6
5

10
20
20
17

4
11
13
12

6
5
4
8

5
18
20
24

52
23
29
30

4
15
9
5

3
3

23
21

10
13

6
7

29
27

26
27

3
3

2
2

15
8

12
13

6
8

24
3

24
44

15
23

1
1

2
5

8
5

13
19

8
7

3
3

43
36

23
23

1
0)

5
6

5
7

19
20

7
6

3
3

38
36

22
23

(*)
(0

6
5

6
5

17
10

6
9

3
3

38
14

24
53

43

48
47
49
20

18
44
44
31

33
9
7
5

42
40

19
18

28
27

13
15

11.26
12.28

33
35

32
34

23
28

12
1

.216
.212

12.34
12.12

35
31

34
32

30
35

57.5
56.8

.212
.211

12.09
11.81

33
55

32
5

34
39

56.6
56.6

.214
.244

11.99
13.62

58
59

6
6

35
35

C
1)

3

8
(*)
0)

0)

1

GOODS.

$0.271
.405

L A B O R — COTTON

£6.0
56.4

O
F

328
270

12
10
20
8
9
14
16
18
Un- and and and and and and
25
and and
der under under under under under under under under cts.
8
and10
12
16
20
9
14
18
25
cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. over.

HOTJRS

1916
1918

Per cent of employees whose earnings per hour were-

AND

Beamer tenders, male:
22 establishments......... . ..................

WAGES

Occupation, sex, and number of
establishments.

Per cent cf employees wh^se
full-time hours per week
Aver­ Aver­ Aver­
were—
age
age
age
Num­ full­
full­
earn­ time
Year. ber of time
ings weekly
em­ h urs
57
54
per
ployees. per
Over
earn­ Un­ and and
hour.
der under un ier 60.
60.
ings.
week.
54.
60.
57.

581
600

56.8
56.6

.241
.342

13.4$
18.87

55
61

99 establishments.

1918

608

56.5

.340

18.73

60

1916
1918

926
825

56.0
55.1

.191
.263

10.47
15.41

2

68
75

1918

834

55.3

.273

15.00

2

74

1907
1908
1909
1910

631
619
680
728

60.8
59.7
59.8
58.3

.207
.202
.197
.202

12.59
12.06
11.78
11.78

59 establishments.

1910
1911

1,267
1,314

58.7
58.6

.200
.203

88 establishments.

1911
1912

2,200
2,273

58.6
57.7

88 establishments.

1912
1913

2,290
2,321

90 establishments.

1913
1914

87 establishments.

8

Drawers-in, female:
86 establishments.
91 establishments.
Loom fixers, male:
36 establishments.

37
39

0)

2

$

1

30

1

23
22

0)
0)

G)

0)

G)

0)

1

8
4

a
5

16
18

50
72

4

5

18

72

9
2

2
G)

11
2

9
6

12
8

13
7

26
16

1?
60

2

0)

23

7

1

12
2
2

(

1

3

6

8

•7

16

5§

3
1
1
1

23
11
10
9

12
25
29
24

5
11
13’
14

35
33
34
29

23
18
12
22

17
44
42
28

39
11
13
9

11.64
11.81

42
44

18
17

23
23

17
17

1
1

17
16

19
18

9
9

40
41

14
15

.203
.224

11.80
12.91

33
33

30
31

25
34

12
2

1

15
6

18
21

7
7

48
29

12
37

57.7
51.6

.224
.226

12.84
12.93

33
34

31
30

34
35

2
2

6
3

21
22

7
7

29
26

37
42

2,370
2,491

57.6
56.8

.227
.233

12.96
13.09

35
57

29
6

34
36

2
1

3
3

22
19

7
11

25
20

43
48

1914
1916

2,441
2,486

56.7
56.9

.234
.268

13.17
15.10

58
56

6
6

34
35

2
3

2
G)

18
9

11
6

20
24

49
61

102 establishments

1916
1918

2,776
2,703

56.8
56.4

.270
.391

15.17
21.80

56
63

7
C
1)

35
33

2
4

G)

9

6

23
7

62
93

103 establishments

1918

2,709

56.4

.391

21.79

63

G)

34

4

7

: 93

1907
1908
1909
1910

2,769
2,848
3,123
3,037

60.3
59.6
59.8
58.3

.161
.160
.151
.154

9.71
9.54
9.03
8.98

49

50
50
48
11

18
35
37
30

31
15
15
9

58 establishments..

1910
1911

5,334
5,012

58.8
58.8

.151
.155

8.83
9.07

41
41

13
13

27
24

88 establishments..

1911
1912

8,855
9,751

58.6
57.5

.156
.169

9.08
9.67

35
38

27
24

88 establishments..

1912
1913

9,775
9,316

57.5
57.7

.169
.169 :

9.67
9.71

38
34

24
24

Weavers, male:
36 establishments..




t Less than 1 per cent.

0)
C
1)

(i)
0)

0)
0)

2
1
2
1

5
4
5
4

12
15
17
14

16
16
18
19

13
15
21
21

17
14
17
18

16
16
9
10

15
17
10
11

3
1
1
1

19
21

0)
(l)

1
1

4
3

16
12

31
19

21
23

17
18

10
11

9
11

1
1

25
37

13
1

0)

1
1

3
2

12
9

19
15

22
16

19
19

13
16

11
20

1
3

37
42

1
1

1

2
2

9
.10

15
14

16
15

19
18

16
16

19
21.

SUM M ARY,

44

44
45
45
18

AND

1916
1918

IN T R O D U C T IO N

96 establishments.

3
3

0)

G)

CO

Table

1.—AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULL-TIME WEEKLY
EARNINGS IN THE PRINCIPAL OCCUPATIONS, 1907 TO 1918—Continued.

MANUFACTURING—Concluded.

41
41

0)

.176
.202

9.96
11.37

0)
(*)

56
54

5
5

39
40

(l )
0)

(ll

0)

0)

56.7
56.2

.205
.302

11.54
16.81

(1)
1

55
62

7
0)

39
37

0)
C
1)

0)
0)

0)

56.2

.301

16.78

1

62

0)

37

0)

(l)

0)

$0.170
.176

1914
1916

9,518
9,027

56.7
56.8

1916
1918

10,279
8,250

1918

8,301

1907
1908

3,724
3,903

59.5
59.0

1909

88 establishments..............................
88 establishments..............................
89 establishments..............................
86 establishments..............................




59.1

1910
59 establishments..............................

3.930

3,905

1910
1911

6,334
6,242

1911
1912
1912
1913
1913
1914
1914
1916

.151
.152

8.98
8.97

1

53

61
63
60
27

22
31
34
16

17
6
6
4

51
51

26
25

13
13

9
10

8.54
9.26

39
41

41
41

13
17

7
1

9.26
9.29
9.30
9.30
9.311
1.05

41
43
44
72
73
74

41
39
39
7
7
6

17
17
17
21
20
19

1
1
1

.144

8.51

57.6

.151

8.70

57.8
57.8

.147
.144

8.47
8.31

10,792
10,980

57.9
56.9

.148

.163

10,998
11,105
11,236
11,188
11,066
10,505

56.9
56.8
56.7
55.8
55.8
55.7

.163
.164
.164
.167
.168
.199

C)
0)
(l)

0)
0)
0)

0)
(0

2
2

10
7

14
12

15
15

18
17

16
16

21
25

3
5

2

7
5

11
8

15
12

17
13

16
12

25
30

5
21

0)

4
C)

8
1

11
2

12
3

12
4

29
18

22
71

0)

0)

0)

1

2

3

4

18

71

L A B O E ----------------------------------------------------------------

103 establishments...... .....................
Weavers, female:
36 establishments.............................

23
4

57.6
56.8

O
F

100 establishments............................

35
55

9,485
9,755

1
l
0)
0)

(l)
(i)
(j)

2

4
4

1

5
4

14
15
18
18

17
20
22
22

19
20
26
26

22
20
18
17

14
12
6
7

6
4
4

O 'J
\ )

2
1

4
4

19
18

22
24

25
25

15
16

g
7

4
5

0)

1
1

4

3

16
10

22
15

23
19

18
20

10
16

6
15

i

10
10
10
10
10
5

15
15
15
13
13
8

19
19
18
17
17
10

20
20
20
20
20
11

16
16
16
16
16
15 !

15
16
16
19
19
37

l
1
2
3
14

2
2

0)
(1)

0 )
0 )

0)

1
0)
(1)

0)
0)

0)

0)

0)

HOUBS

86 establishments..............................

$9.73 ........
9.93
0)

1913
1914

AND

Weavers, male—Concluded.
89 establishments..............................

WAGES

Occupation, sex, and number of
establishments.

Per cent of employees whose
full-time hours per week
Per cent of employees whose earnings per hour were—
Aver­
were—
Aver­ Aver­
age
age
age
Num­ full­
full­
earn­
Year. ber of time
time
ings weekly
em­ hcurs
10
12
8
9
16
20
14
18
57
54
Un­ and and and and
25
per
ployees. per
and and and and
earn­ Un­ and and
der under under 60. Over der under under under under under under under under cts.
week. hour.
60.
ings.
8
and
54.
12
10
18
20
14
16
25
9
60.
57.
cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts.
cts. over.

3
2
2
3
3

1
1
(0

(1)

1916
1918

11,546
10,945

55.7
55.3

.201
.285

11.12
15.64

1918

10,993

55.4

.285

15.62

1907
1908
1909
1910

251
261
285
297

60.4
60.0
59.6
58.1

.102
.101
.099
.101

6.16
6.06
5.90
5.87

46 establishments.............................

1910
1911

408
474

58.3
58.7

.099
.102

75 establishments -.........................

1911
1912

712
703

58.7
58.0

77 establishments r - ......................

1912
1913

708
687

74 establishments.............................

1913
1914

73 establishments..........................

101 establishments.... ......................

Trimmers or inspectors, female:
30 establishments........ ...... ............

1

76

19
23

0)
(l)

0)

(i)
0)

0)
(')

5
1

7
2

10
3

11
4

15
5

36
17

15
67

23

7

74
76

1

0)

0)

0)

0)

0)

1

2

3

4

5

17

67

28
46
52
25

31
15
8
7

21
18
15

1
8
5
5

16
30
38
30

37
19
28
40

10
11
1

43

41
39
40
26

10
6
7
7

2
6
2
2

5.78
5.94

39
35

24
25

27
27

9
13

15
15

9
6

27
26

39
37

1
7

6
9

1
1

0)

.103
.112

6.02
6.45

32
32

28
28

29
38

11
2

16
10

9
9

2D
9

33
37

13
21

7
8

2
6

(!)

57.7
57.9

.112
.111

6.41
6.39

32
32

27
26

38
39

2
4

11
11

9
7

8
6

36
41

20
23

7
8

6
3

0)

698
720

57.8
57.2

.112
.113

6.41
6.41

32
44

26
14

38
42

4

11
10

6
9

6
7

41
40

25
20

8
8

3
4

0)
(i)

1914
1916

717
844

57.2
56.9

.113
.129

6.42
7.27

44
49

14
16

42
34

1

9
5

9
11

7
6

41
19

20
22

8
17

4
8

1
8

1
4

83 establishments.............................

1916
1918

971
1,138

56.7
55.6

.129
.184

7.25
10.21

2
3

50
67

17

30
30

1
1

4

9

6
(i)

17
6

28
10

17
12

7
13

7
22

4
31

87 establishm ents.....

1918

1,175

55.6

.186

10,. 28

3

67

30

1

0)

6

10

12

12

22

32

5

1914
1916

29,861
24,532

57.5
57.7

.151
.174

8.59
9.98

1
1

50
47

5
5

41
43

3
4

7
5

2
2

3
2

17
16

17
11

18
10

11
16

6
11

11
13

7
15

1916
1918

37,395
25,692

57.7
56.8

.176
.270

10.05
15.19

1
4

47
54

7
0)

41
37

4
4

4
0)

2
C
1)

2
<
l)

15
1

11
5

11
9

15
7

11
5

14
20

15
53

1918

25,740

56.8

.270

15.18

4

54

0)

37

4

0)

1

5

9

7

5

20

53

1914
1916

12,143
5,175

56.3
55.7

.123
.138

6.89
7.62

1
3

61
68

7
5

31
23

C
1)
1

18
14

6
4

6
5

17
11

18
19

14
17

11
10

6
13

4
7

1
1

1916
19x8
1918

5,913
6,349
6,350

55.7
54.4
54.4

.140
.224
.224

7.82
12. C6
12.06

3
10
10

69
68
68

5

23
21
21

C
1)
0)
0)

13
2
2

4
1
1

5
1
1

11
5
5

18
7
7

16
8
8

9
9
9

15
12
12

8
3d

2
26
26

106 establishments............................
Other employees, female:
88 establishments.............................
101 establishments............................
102 establishments............................




1 Less than 1 per cent.

(0

0)

C
1)

1

0)
C
1)

1

0)
1

30

C
1)
0)

5

SUMMARY,

105 establishments............................

0)

1

AN
D

Other employees, ma’e:
88 establishments.............................

(i)

0)

INTRODUCTION

............

25

Table 1.—AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULL-TIME WEEKLY
EARNINGS IN THE PRINCIPAL OCCUPATIONS, 1907 TO 1918-Continued.

M
OS

FINISHING.

$0,133
.137

$7.63
7.82

19 establishments..

1912
1913

714
787

57.7
57.7

.137
.142

7.88
8.20

18 establishments..

1913
1914

801
785

57.4
56.2

.142
.143

21 establishments..

1914
1916

920
867

56.0
55.7

21 establishm ents..

1916
1918

959

1911
1SH2

16
8

41
43

30
33

5
9

2
1

1
2

7
8

46
40

33
35

8
10

1
2

2
4

8.17
8.05

7
6

41
39

36
39

9
12

3
3

4
1

.146
.175

8.19
9.76

5
2

34
4

41
18

14
30

4
33

2
14

55.8
54.7

.176

9.83
14.39

1

4

16

33
0)

32
4

14
32

1,229
1,268

57.7
57.2

.144
.153

8.32
8.75

5
3

30
12

47
43

16
38

1
2

1
1

1912
1913

1,179
17120

57.4
57.4

.154
.153

8.83
8.77

2
2

14
19

42
36

39
40

2
2

1
0)

33 establishments.

1913
1914

1,167
1,267

57.5
56.1

.149
.153

8.56
8.55

8
8

18
16

35
34

37
32

2
8

0)
1

32 establishments.

1914
1916

1,275
1,214

56.0
56.3

.153
.174

8.57
9.76

8
9

15
4

33
11

34
20

7
35

1
20

34 establishments..

1916
1918

1,194
1,450

56.7
56.0

.173
.273

9.76
15.17

9
0)

7
2

10
3

17
2

36
2

20
20

Laborers, dyehcuse, rrale:
3) establishments.........
27 establishments.




29

29

0)

0)

33

0)

0)

0)

0)

30
and
un­
der
40
cts.

40
and
un­
der
50
cts.

50
and
un­
der
60
cts.

60
cts.
and
over.

0)
L A B O E ------------------------------------------------------------------

57.5
57.2

25
and
un­
der
30
cts.

O
F

748

20
and
un­
der
25
cts.

HOUBS

1911
1912

18
and
un­
der
20
cts.

AND

Laborers, bleach house, male:
19 establishments..............

Year.

whose earnings per hour were—

WAGES

Occupation, sex, and number of
establishments.

Per cent of employees whose
Per cent of employees
full-time hours per week were—
Aver­ Aver­ Aver­
Num­
age
age
age
full­ earn­ full­
ber of
16
10
12
14
em­
time
57
time
54
ings weekly Un­ and and
and and and and and
ploy- hours
per
Over un­ un­ un­ un­ un­
per
earn­ der un­ un­ 60.
60. der der der der der
week. hour.
der
der
ings.
54.
16
12
14
18
10
57.
60.
cts. cts. cts. cts. cts.

Laborers, color mixing, male:
12 establishments........

263
270

57.7
57.4

.146
.147

8.45
8.45

40
38

0)
1

27

53
55

13
12

3
3

1
1

12 establishments.............

1912
1913

243
246

58.4
58.6

.145
.149

8.46
8.73

18
15

1
0)

35
25

53
57

7
11

3
5

1
2

12 establishments.............

1913
1914

288
317

57.5
56.8

.151
.153

8.67
8.66

36
48

0)

0)
1

21
4

59
63

14
16

4
3

1
2

11 establishments........... .

1914
1916

295
255

56.5
56.2

.152
.178

8.61
9.99

51
58

0)

0)

16
1

62
16

17
30

3
40

2
13

13 establishments..............

1916
1918

281
277

56.5
55.5

.181
.276

10.22
15.30

53
76

1

14

27

37

21
19

1911
1912

179
166

55.8
55.4

.479
.483

26.68
26.75

18
17

11 establishments.............

1912
1913

123
107

55.8
55.9

.488
.484

27.20
27.01

11 establishments.............

1913
1914

124
123

54.9
53.0

.482
.510

10 establishments.............

1914
1916

118
107

53.0
53.1

11 establishments.............

1916
1918

122
115

1911
1912

12 establishments............

1

30

0)

0)

40
40

5
4

64
57

30
39

1
1

24
31

19
18

1
3

63
65

34
30

2
2

26.41
27.01

27
51

11
48
48 •

8
1

52
32

38
66

2

.511
.526

27.05
27.89

49
47

51 .
53 .

1
2

31
24

66
68

2
6

53.3
53.2

.533
.717

28.42
37.78

41
47

59 .
52

2

21
4

67
5

10
90

156
164

56.9
56.7

.489
.487,

27.79
27.54

55
54

10
11

3
5

8
8

79
76

1912*
1913

137
133

57.4
57.1

.472,
.470

27.04
26.78

38
42

3

33
13

7
6

16
8

64
70

12 establishments............

1913
1914

147
159

56 3
55.5

.479
.518

26.85
28.57

61
72

3
2

12
10

5
5

7
4

73
75

4

11 establishments............

1914
1916 .

152
155

55.5
55.2

.516
.548

' 28.51
. 30.11

70
79

2

11
3

5
13

4
3

74
43

5
38

13a stablishments............

1916
1918

176
142

55.1
54.5

.553
.797

30.34
43.38

82
100 .

3

11
1

3
1

45
6

38
92

Engravers, male:
12 establishments.............

Printers, male:
12 establishments............




...

\J

15

37

i Less than 1 per cent.

SUMMARY,

21

AN
D

59

INTRODUCTION

124794°— 19—Bull. 262------- 2

1911
1912

T able 1,—AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FTJLL-TIME WEEKLY
EARNINGS IN THE PRINCIPAL OCCUPATIONS, 1907 TO 1918—Concluded.

00

FINISHING—Concluded.

$0,149
.151

$8.61 .
8.73 .

20 establishments...

1912
1913

422
395

58.1
57.8

.150
.153

8.72 .
8.85 ,

19 establishments...

1913
1914

344
359

57.7
56.7

.156
.161

8.98
9.12

19 establishments...

1914
1916

359
326

56.7
55.9

.161
.192

9.12
10.73 .

23 establishments...

1916
1918

363
308

56.0
55.3

.195
.279

10.88 .
15.40

1911
1912

268
277

57.4
57.2

.230
.246

13.16
14.06

19 establishments..

1912
1913

276
250

57.7
57.1

.2^3
.250

13.99
14.20

19 establishments..

1913
1914

266
255

56.8
56.0

.247
.273

13.95
15.18

20 establishments..

1914
1916

260
300

55.7
54.8

.272
.306

15.05
16.72

24 establishments..

1916
1918

361
300

54.9
54.3

16.57
.303
.427 ; 23.14

Folders, male:
19 establishm ents..




57
and
un­
der

60.

8
and
Over un­
der
10
cts.

10
and
un­
der
12
cts.

12
and
un­
der
14
cts.

14
anl
un­
der
16
cts.

16
and
un­
der
18
cts.

49

18
and
un­
der
20
cts.

20
and
un­
der
25
cts.

25
and
un­
der
30
cts.

30
and
un­
der
40
cts.

40
and
un­
der
50
cts.

50
and
un­ cts.
der and
60 over.
cts.

0)

23
10

31

16

GOODS.

57.9
57.8

Calender tenders, male:
20 establishments..

Year.

L A B O R — COTTON

412
409

Per cent of employees whose earnings per hour were—

O
F

1911
1912

Occupation, sex. and number of
nu
establishments.

Aver­ Aver­
age
age
earn­ full­
54
time
ings weekly Un­ and
per
earn­ der un­
hour.
der
54.
ings.
57.

HOURS

Aver­
age
full­
time
hours
per
week.

AND

Num­
ber of
em­
ploy­
ees.

WAGES

Per cent of employees whose
full-time hours per week
were—

10

0)

11

Knotters, female:
19 establishments. . .

8
19

6
5

11
12

1
2

C
1)
1

45

40

18
22

5
9

12
8

2

1
0)

14
5

45
46

27
27

5
13

8
4

2

0)
0)

5

46
19

45

21

4
5

2
3

0)
5

1

17

47

2

22
2

7
21

3
21

4
37

1
10

4

2

1

18
5

31
11

10
21

7
21

10
22

7
8

3
7

1
1

0)
C
1)

0
C
1)

(0

1
C
1)

5
C
1)

10
0)

21
1

24
2

24
19

8
41

7
25

1
9

0)
2

C
1)

4
1

7
(l)

25
8

31
30

13
20

7
14

7
9

6
15

1
3

0)
(0

1

1
C
1)

7
C
1)

30
2

21
3

12
9

8
16

11
40

3
14

(*)
11

2

<
l)

(!)

(0

C
1)

2

3

8

15

40

14

14

2

C
1)

0)

.116
.121

6.59
6.78

C5
74

19
14

16
13

21
23

19 establishments. . .

1912
1913

300
274

56.5
55.9

.121
.118

6.82
6.54

65
73

13
16

22
11

17
15

19 establishments. . .

1913
1914

279

55.8
54.6

.117
.122

6.51
6.69

74
89

16
6

10
5

20 establishments. -.

1914
1916

285
317

54.6
54.4

.122
.139

6.66
7.57

89
95

6
3

5
3

23 establishm ents...

1916
1918

351
292

54.4
53.9

.140
.208

7.61
11.19

2

95
98

2

3

1914
1916

7,546
7,923

56.9
56.2

.172
.205

9.78
11.48

2
1

58
68

13
16

23
11

1916
1918

8,648
8,492

56.3
55.9

.206
.302

11.55
16.82

1
2

67
76

15
9

14
9

1914
1916

1,857
1,961

54.4
54.2

.136
.161

7.38
8.72

3
4

89
89

4
7

21 establishm ents...

1916
1918

2,188
2,173

54.2
54.0

.159
.235

8.64
12.69

4
3

90
97

6

23 establishm&xts. . .

1918

2,218

54.0

.235

12.71

3

97

Other employees, njale:
23 establishm ents...
25 establishments. . .
Other employees, female:
19 establishm ents...




1 Less than 1 per cent.

1
0

47

37

27

1
1

1

SUM M ARY,

56.9
56.1

AND

281

IN T R O D U C T IO N

1911
1912

CO

20

W A G E S A N D H O U R S O F L A B O R ----- C O T T O N GOODS.

Table 1 and General Tables A and B show figar^s' far: identical
establishments from year to year. Where changes were made in
the number or identity of establishments it was necessary to show
two sets of figures for each year.
To aid in making comparisons from year to year, relative or index
numbers have been computed for full-time hoars, earnings per hour,
and full-time weekly earnings for each occupation for the years 1910
to 1918, inclusive. These relatives are based on the averages shown
in General Table A. In computing the relatives the averages for the
larger number of establishments for each year were used. The rela­
tives are simply percentages in which the figures for 1913 are taken as
the base or 100 per cent. The year 1913 is used as the base for
relative or index numbers, as it represents the close of a distinct
economic period.
Thus the facts for the earlier and later years are brought into
direct comparison with the facts for the year immediately preceding
the war, namely, 1913.
T a b l e 2 .—R E L A T IV E FULL-TIME H O U R S P E R W E E K , H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S, A N D FU L L ­

TIME W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S, IN T H E P R IN C IP A L OCCUPATIONS, 1910 TO 1918.

MANUFACTURING.
(1913 100.)

Occupation, sex, and year.

Card strippers, male:
1910.................................
1011.................................
1912.................................
1813.................................
1914.................................
1GI6.................................
1918.................................
Drawing - frame tenders,
mcle:
1910.................................
1911.................................
1912.................................
1913..................................
1914.................................
1916.................................
1918.................................
Drawing-frame tenders, fe­
male:
1910.................................
1911.................................
1912.................................
1913.................................
1914.................................
1916.................................
1918.................................
Speeder tenders, male:
1910.................................
1911.................................
1912.................................
1913.................................
1914.................................
1916.................................
1918.................................




R ela­
tive
full­
tim e
hours
per
week.

Rela­
Relar
tive
tive
full­
hourly tim e
earn­ weekly
ings.
earn­
ings.

Occupation, sex, and year.

102
102
100
100
99
99
98

86
87
96
100
104:
120
192

88
89
97
100
102
118

188

Speeder tenders, female:
1910.................................
1911.................................
1 9 1 2 ...:..........................
1913.................................
1914......... .......................
1916.................................

103
103
100
100
100
101
99

88
89
99
100
106
116
183

90
91
99
100
106
116
180

Spinners, mule, male:
1910.................................
1911.................................
1912.................................
1913.................................
1914.................................
1916.................................
1918......... .......................

102
102
100
100
98
98
96

79
83
96
100
104
119
183

80
84
96
100
100
116
176

103
102
100
100
99
98
97

90
93
98
100
106
120
183

Spinners, frame, male:

*

92
94
97
100
104
116
175

1911....... .........................
1912.................................
1913.................................
1914.................................
* 1916.................................
1918.................................
Spinners, frame, female:
1912.................................
1913.................................
1914.................................

R ela­
tive
full­
tim e
hours
per
week.

Rela­
Rela­ tive
tive
full­
hourly tim e
earn­ weekly
ings.
earn­
ings.

102
102
100
100
98
98
97

88
90
99,
100
103
125
183

90
92
98
100
101
121
177

103
102
100
100
99
98
98

78
91
99
100
104
123
173

80
93
99
100
102
121
169

101
101
100
100
96
99
95

84
88
101
100
105
115
173

85
89
101
100
101
114
167

102
102
100
100
98
99
97

84
87
97
100
103
116
182

86
89
95
100
102
115
176

in t r o d u c t io n

and

sum m ary

21

.

t a b l e 2 .—RELATIVE FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, HOURLY EARNINGS, AND FULL­
TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, IN THE PRINCIPAL OCCUPATIONS, 1910 TO 1918—Concluded.

MANUFACTURING—Concluded.

Occupation, sex, and year.

Slasher tenders, male:
191 0
191 1
191 2
191 3
191 4
1916.......................
1918.......................
Loom fixers, male:
191 0
191 1
191 2
191 3
191 4
1916.......................
1918.......................
Weavers, male:
191 0
191 1
191 2
191 3

Rela­
tive
full­
time
hours
per
week.

102
102
100
100
99
99

Rela­
R ela­ tive
tive
full­
hourly time
earn­ weelcly
earn­
ings.
ings.

84
92
102
100
100
114
160

102
102
100
100
99
99
98

100
103
119
172

102
102
100
100

92
99
100

85
93
102
100
98
111
155
90
91
99

100
101
117
168

91
93
99
100

Relar
R ela­
tive
Rela­ tive
full­ tive
full­
Occupation, sex, and year. tim e hourly tim e
hours earn­ w eekly
per
ings.
earn­
week.
ings.
Weavers, male—Con.
1914...............................
1916...............................
1918...............................
Weavers, female:
191 0
191 1
191 2
191 3
191 4
1916...............................
1918...............................
Trimmers or inspectors, fe­
male:
191 0
191 1
191 2
191 3
191 4
1916............ ..................
1918...............................

99
98
98

104
121
177

102
119
172

90
90

102
102
100
100
98
98
98

1^3
1 J2
123
174

91
92
100
100
100
120
168

101
101
100
100
99
98
96

89
93
131
100
102
116
168

90
94
100
100
100
113
161

101
102
100
99
98
97

102
99
100
108
115
166

104
101
100
106
113
162

100
101
100
98
97
96

97
98
100
105
127
182

97
99
100
103
123
174

101
102
100
98
97
96

93
98
100
110
123
173

94
100
100
108
119
166

102
101
100
98
97
97

99
103
100
104
120
178

101
105
100
102
117
172

Q
d

FINISHING.
Laborers, bleach house,
male:
191 1
191 2
191 3
191 4
1.................
1916...............................
1918...............................
Laborers, dyehouse, male:
191 1
191 2
191 3
191 4
* ....................
1916...............................
1918...............................
Laborers, color mixing,
male:
191 1
191 2
191 3
191 4
1916...............................
1918...............................
Engravers, male:
191 1
191 2
191 3
191 4
1916...............................
1918...............................

100
100
100
97
97
95

94
96
100
103
124
185

93
96
100
100
120
175

100
99
100
98
99
97

97
103
100
103
116
183

97
102
100
100
114
177

100
102
100
99
98
97

97
96
100
101
120
183

97
98
100
100
118
176

102
101
100
97
97
97

99
100
100
106
111
148

101
101
100
102
108
143

Printers, male:
1911............ ....................
1912................................
1913.............. .........
1918............ ....................
Calender tenders, male:
1911.................................
1912.................................
1913.................................
1914.................................
1916.................................
1918.................................
Folders, male:
1911.................................
I
1912................................. J
1913................................. 1
1914................................. i
■
1916................................. 1
1918.................................
Knotters, female:
1911.................................
1912.................................
1913.................................
1914.................................
1916..............................
1918.................................

The relative number for each year preceding and subsequent to
1913 is the per cent that the average for that year is of the average
for 1913. For example: Table 2 shows that relatively the full time
weekly earnings of card strippers in 1910 were but 88 per cent of
their weekly earnings in 1913. In 1912 they had increased to 97 per
cent; in 1916 to 118 per cent, and in 1918 to 188 per cent of their
earnings in 1913.




22

W A G E S AN D H O U R S O F L A B O R — C O T T O N

GOODS.

Table 3 is a summary, showing b y States the number and per cent
of employees working certain classified percentages of full time,
during the period for which data were obtained.
This table is divided into two sections for each branch of the indus­
try, one relating to employees whose time was reported for one week,
and the other relating to those whose time was reported for two weeks
in such a way that it could not be divided. In a majority of estab­
lishments a part of the force is on a one-week pay roll and a part on a
two-week pay roll, hence such plants have a representation in each
section of the table.
A few establishments having other than a one-week or two-week
pay roll are omitted from this table, as are also some employees
for whom data were incomplete.
T able

3 ^-N U M B E R A N D P E R CENT OF E M PL O Y EE S W O R K IN G EACH C LASSIFIED P E R
CENT OF F U L L TIME D U R IN G ONE PA Y-ROLL P E R IO D , 1918, B Y ST A T ES.

MANUFACTURING.
One-week pay rolls.

State.

Number and per cent of employees working each classified per cent
N um ­ N um ­
of full time.
ber of ber of
estab­ em­
lish­ ploy­
Under 75
Under £0
Under 25
ments. ees. 100 per cent Under 100
per cent.
per cent.
per cent.
per cent.
and over.
No.

Alabama...................
Connecticut..............
Georgia.....................
Maine.........................
Massachusetts..........
N ew H am pshire___
N ew Y ork................
North Carolina.........
Pennsylvania...........
Rhode Islan d ...........
South Carolina.........

6 3,392 1,553
4 a, 896 1,589
11 3,976 1,8:5
5 4,491 3,504
20 15.822 12,741
3 3; 304 2,675
2 1,368 1,113
14 3,0;2 1,868
128
1
1S3
3 2,392 1,886
20 7,203 3,392

Total...............

89 47,099 32,294

P.ct.

46
81
46
78
81
81
81
61
66
79
47

No.

P.ct.

No.

P.ct.

1,839
307
2,131
987
3,081
629
255
1,194
65
506
3,811

54
16
51
22
19
19
19
39
31
21
53

1,235
164
1,238
506
1,528
333
142
€08
49
296
1,785

36
9
31
11
10
10
10
20
25
12
25

69 14,805

31

7,884

17

No.

385
SO
551
209
784
175
74
307
21
135
815

P.ct.

No.

P.ct.
4

11
4
14
5
5
5
5
10
11
6
11

141
35
216
38
281
66
37
120
10
48
264

3,539

8

1,259

3

2
5
1
2
2
3
4
5
2
4

Two-week pay rolls.
Alabama...................
Connecticut..............
Georgia.....................
Maine........................
Massachusetts...........
N ew H ampshire___
N ew Y ork................
N orth Carolina.........
Pennsylvania...........
Rhode Island...........
South Carolina.........
Total...............




8 1,474
4
738
10 1,351
5 1,218
20 6,195
5 12,225
2
380
18 2,208
3
533
3 1,148
19 1,773

528
599
207
850
4,314
7,418
231
996
297
7^3
499

97 29,273 16,712

946
139
1,144
398
1,881
4,777
149
1,212
236
405
1,274

64
19
85
32
30
39
39
55
44
35
72

579
78
649
215
1,122
1,967
81
576
100
218
577

39
11
48
17
18
16
21
26
19
19
33

212
14
318
64
408
915
30
279
53
73
317

14
2
24
5
7
7
8
13
10
6
18

77
8
121
19
168
272
18
111
32
31
143

5
1
9
2
3
2
5
5
6
3
8

57 12,561

43

6,162

21

2,683

9

1,003

3

36
81
15
68
70
61
61
45
56
65
28

23

IN TR O D U C TIO N AND S U M M A R Y .

Table 3.—N U M B E R A N D P E R CENT OF E M PL O Y EE S W O R K IN G EACH C L A SSIFIED P E R
CENT OF F U L L TIME D U R IN G O N E PAY-ROLL P E R IO D , 1918, B Y ST A T E S—Concluded.

FINISHING.
One-week pay rolls.

State.

Num ­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

No.

Connecticut.......
Georgia...............
Maine..................
Massachusetts...
N ew Hampshire
N ew Jersey........
N ew Y ork.........
N orth Carolina..
Rhode Isla n d ...
South Carolina. Total........

Number and per cent of employees working each classified per cent
N um ­
of full tim e.
ber of
em­
ploy- 100 per cent
Under 100
Under 50
Under 75
Under 25
and over.
per cent.
per cent.
per cent.
per cent.

1,195
2
535
5,222
267
6 0
1,700

P .c t .

856

72

241

330
1,273
20
2,503
12

30 13,148

9,568

32

P .c t

No.

339
2
131
1,293
2>
316
427
12
1,025

28
100
24
25
10
49
25
38
29
43

93
2
44
366
10
80
131
5

3,580

401
3,923

3,523
21

N o.

27

P .c t .

8
100
8

1,001

7

4
12
8
16
8
5

No.

57
1
15
178
7
31
C
O
1
113

P .c t .

5
50

No.

20

P .c t.

2

21

466

175

Two-week pay rolls.
Alabama...................
New Hampshire___
North Carolina.........
Pennsylvania...........

1
2
4
1

22
772
71
469

17
592
25
199

77
77
35
42

5
180
46
270

23
23
65
58

5
69
21
115

23
9
30
25

24
13
74

3
18
16

10
5
31

1
7
7

Total...............

8

1,334

833

62

501

38

210

16

111

8

46

3

According to the first section of the cotton-manufacturing branch
of this table, 69 per cent of the employees worked full time or over
during the period covered by the pay rolls, and 31 per cent did not
work full time. Seventeen per cent worked under 75 per cent full
time and by deduction it is seen that 14 per cent of the employees
worked 75 per cent and under 100 per cent of full time. In the twoweek period a smaller per cent of employees made full time, as would
be expected. An employee might make full time the first week, yet
lose time the second week, or vice versa.
Table 4 is a summary of General Table D (pp. 88-121), showing
for each occupation the average full-time hours per week of the estab­
lishments in comparison with the average hours actually worked in
the pay-roll period reported, and comparing the average full-time
weekly earnings with the average amount actually earned in the week.
Like Table 3, this table is divided first into two branches of the
industry and each branch is divided into two sections, one representing
one-week pay rolls, and the other two-week pay rolls. As in Table 3,
certain establishments have been omitted from this table because the
pay rolls were for other periods than one or two weeks; also some
employees are omitted because of incomplete data.




24

W AGES A N D H O U RS OF LABOR— COTTON GOODS.

4 ^-A V E R A G E FULL-TIM E H O U R S A N D H O U R S A C T U A L L Y W O R K E D , F U L L ­
TIM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S, A N D AM OUNTS A C TU A L L Y E A R N E D D U R IN G ONE P A Y ­
R O L L P E R IO D , 1918.

T able

MANUFACTURING.
One-week pay rolls.

Occupation and sex.

Card strippers, m ale........................
Drawing-frame tenders, m ale.........
Drawing-frame tenders, fem ale___
Slubber tenders, m ale.....................
Slubber tenders, fem ale..................
Speeder tenders, m ale.....................
Speeder tenders, fem ale..................
Spinners, mule, m ale......................
Spinners, frame, m a le.....................
Spinners, frame, fem ale..................
D offers, m ale..............-............... .
D offers, fem ale.................................
Spooler tenders, fem ale.. . . . . __ . . .
Warper tenders, m ale.....................
Warper tenders, fem ale...................
Beamer tenders, m ale.....................
Beamer tenders, fem ale..................
Slasher tenders, m ale......................
Drawers-in, fem ale................... .
Loom fixers, male............................
Trimmers or inspectors, female___
Other employees, m ale...................
Other employees, fem ale...........

Number Number
of estab­ of em ­
lish­
m ents. ployees.

87
63
47
85
13
82
83
16
47
85
84
21
86
17
73
16
5
84
74
81
75
86
82

610
401
677
595
50
1,184
2,638
292
369
6,123
2,305
553
2,878
32
481
188
37
474
651
2,069
1,078

is, m

4,534

Average
full-time
hours for
pay-roll
period.

56.0
57.0
54.7
56.6
54.2
58.1
55.0
54.3
55.8
56.0
56.1
52.2
56.0
60.0
55.5
54.7
54.3
56.6
55.4
56.3
55.5
56.8
54.4

Average
hours
actually
worked
during
pay-roll
period.

Average
full-time
earnings
for period.

Average
am ount
actually
earned
during
period.

53.3
47.8
49.7
52.1
49.9
51.2
49.7
51.3
44.0
47.4
47.1
48.2
47.6
52.5
50.9
52.5
52.5
54.9
50.1
54.0
50.4
53.6
48.4

$14.80
11.18
11.28
17.07
15.23
15.16
15.04
26.46
13.59
12.98
12.88
12.95
11.34
14.46
14.02
24; 48
19.69
18.13
14.72
21.94
10.31
14.92
12.31

$14.37
9.58
10.37
16.14
14.18
13.76
13.77
25.01
11.36
11.51
11.08
12.03
9.89
12.60
13.05
23.55
19.06
17.97
13.46
21.18
9.45
14.46
10.10

97.1
81.7
94.8
66.3
65.6
97.0
96.2
90.9
90.9
92.3
85.7
90.3
93.6
95.8
105,7
83.1
98.4
83.5
105.3
94.5
95.6
10C. 2
98.9
85.5

$30.76
22.90
25.38
37.56
23.47
32.30
31.62
23.23
26.78
26.39
30.67
25.55
27.02
31.26
33.77
32.84
47.62
33.51
45.64
33.89
31.51
22.25
34.27
24.16

$27.05
17.04
22.47
32.95
14.40
27.52
28.19
18.84
22.41
23.29
24.01
21.18
22.06
27.58
30.25
25.33
42.09
25.81
43.55
29.27
27.76
20.04
31.96
21.05

Two-week pay rolls.
Card strippers, male......................Drawing-frame tenders, male.........
Drawing-frame tenders, female___
Slubber tenders, male......................
Slubber tenders, female...................
Speeder tenders, male.......................
Speeder tenders, female...................
Spinners, frame, male.......................
Spinners, frame, female....................
D offers, male......................................
D offers, female...................................
Spooler tenders, female.....................
Warper tenders, male.......................
Warper tenders, female....................
Bearner tenders, male.......................
Beamer tenders, female....................
Slasher tenders, male........................
Drawers-in, female............................
Loom fixers, male..............................
Weavers, male...................................
Weavers, female.................................
Trimmers or inspectors, female___
Other employees, male.....................
Other employees, female..................




13
9
7
12
3
11
12

4

13
12
4
13
9
5
6
1
10
10
14
97
97
6
14
13

87
34
122
119
15
149
512
9
1,138
327
148
607
22
100
38
66
95
155
462
7,709
10,500
57
£,176
1*525

111.6
116.1
108.9
119.3
108.0
108.6
109.0
111.1
109.5
107.8
108.0
110.2
117.3
109.0
117.5
108.0
109.8
109.1
111.4
111.9
m i
112.0
107.9
100.8

25

IN TR O D U C TIO N AND S U M M A R Y .

Table 4.—AVERAGE FULL-TIME HOURS AND HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED, FULL­
TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, AND AMOUNTS ACTUALLY EARNED DURING ONE PAY­
ROLL PERIOD, 1918—Concluded.

FINISHING.
One-week pay rolls.

Occupation and sex.

Laborers, bleach house, male.........
Laborers, dyehouse, male...............
Printers, m ale........................... ......
Calender tenders, m ale...................
Laborers, color mixing, male.
Kn otters, fem ale..............................
Engravers, male...............................
Folders, m ale........-.........................
Other employees, m ale...................
Other employees, female................

um ber
Number Nof em ­
of estab­ ployees.
lish­
ments.

Average
full-time
hours for
pav-roll
period.

821
904
133
2C6
262
266
103
306
7,966
2,091

54.6
55 6
54.4
55.2
55.2
53.9
53.4
54.3
55.8
54.0

21
25
12
21
11
20
10
21
22
20

Average
hours
actually
worked
during
pay-roll
period.

Average
full-time
earnings
for period.

Average
am ount
actually
earned
during
period.

53.5
56.6
58.3
58.2
61.9
49.5
54.7
53.3
58.6
50.2

f 14.36
1543
43.95
15.32
15.12
11.08
38.63
23.66
16.79
12.89

$14.27
15.63
47.02
16.26
17.03
10.18
39.57
52.97
17.73
11.98

109.2
1C7.3
103.2
81.8
111.8
114.1
107.3
100.4
107.5
87.2

$29.42
30.86
60.01
69.96
37.02
33.53
40.34
24.67
34.61
19.50

$29.34
30.05
60.39
52.01
35.21
34:44
39.87
22.68
32.80
16.00

Two-week pay rolls.
Laborers, bleach house, m ale.........
Laborers, dyehouse, male...............
Engravers, male...............................
Printers, m ale..................................
Laborers, color mixing, m ale.........
Calender tenders, m ale...................
Folders, m ale........ ...........................
Knotters, female..............................
Other employees, m ale...................
Other employees, female................

3
8
1
1
2
3
3
3
3
3

71
479
12
9
15
15
54
26
526
127

111.5
112.1
102.5
110.0
119.6
111 2
108.3
108.0
116.7
107.2

EXPLANATION OP SCOPE AND METHOD.
The manufacturing section of this leport includes data from estab­
lishments which make cambrics, chambrays, checks, conveners’ goods,
colored goods, combed goods, cotton flannels, crapes, damasks, den­
ims, drills, foulardines, ginghams, lawns, madras, napped fabrics,
organdies,percales, print cloths, sateens, sheetings, shirtings, stripes,
tickings, twills, etc. Mills making mixed cotton and silk goods are ;not
included.
Some of the establishments furnishing data concerning cotton
manufacturing have finishing departments, for which data were ob­
tained at the same time. In addition, data were obtained from
several establishments engaged exclusively in finishing cotton goods.
All data were obtained from pay rolls of the various establishments
by agents of the Bureau.




26

W AG ES A N D H O U R S OF LABOR— CO TT O N GOODS.

The number of establishments included or summarized in the re­
port has varied considerably since .1907, as follows:
Manufacturing.
1907 to 1910..
1910 and 1911.
1911 and 1912
1912 and 1913.
1913 and 1914.
1914 and 1916.
1916 and 1918.

..........................36 identical
..........................59 identical
..........................88 identical
..........................88 identical
........................ 90 identical
..........................88 identical
..........................105 identical

establishments.
establishments.
establishments.
establishments.
establishments.
establishments.
establishments.

Finishing.
1911 and
1912 and
1913 and
1914 and
1916 and

1912......................................................30 identical
1913......................................................27 identical
1914......................................................33 identical
1916......................................................32 identical
1918......................................................34 identical

establishments.
establishments.
establishments.
establishments.
establishments.

In addition to the 105 manufacturing establishments from which
data Were obtained for both 1916 and 1918, data were obtained from
one establishment for 1918 only, making a total of 106 establishments
from which data for 1918 are presented.
In the finishing branch of the industry data from 34 establishments
were obtained for both 1916 and 1918.
In selecting establishments from which to obtain data, the Bureau
undertook to represent all States in which cotton manufacturing
and cotton finishing are of material importance, the measure of im­
portance being the number of employees as reported by the United
States Census of Manufactures.
Table 5 which follows shows, by States, the number of employees
in this industry as repoited by the United States Census, 1910, the
number of establishments from which the Bureau obtained data for
1918, and the number of employees in such establishments:




27

E X PLA N A TIO N OF SCOPE AN D M E T H O D .

T able 5 . —TOTAL N U M B E R OF E M PLO Y EES IN COTTON-GOODS M A NUFACTURING
A N D N U M B E R OF E M PL O Y EE S FOR W HICH D A TA A R E SHO W N FO R 1918.

Number of
employees
reported
by the
U. S. Cen­
sus, 1910.

State.

Establishments a n d
employees for which
data are shown for
1918 in this report.
Number
of estab­
lishments.

Number
of em­
ployees.

Massachusetts..................
North Carolina................
South Carolina................
Rhode Island....... !..........
Georgia.............................
N ew Hampshire..............
Pennsylvania..................
Maine................................
Connecticut.....................
Alabam a...........................
N ew York........................
Other States.....................

108,914
47,231
45,451
28,786
27,803
22,290
16,293
14,634
14 3C0
12,731
10,663
29,721

20
22
20
3
12
5
5
5
4
8
2

22,017
8,209
8,976
3,510
6,478
15,529
1,299
5,785
2, C34
4,906
1,748

Total........................

378,880

106

81,121

According to the census of 1910, more than 92 per cent of the total
number of employees in the industry are found in the States in which
the establishments furnishing information to the Bureau of Labor
Statistics are located. The number of employees for which the
Bureau obtained 1918 data and for which detailed information for
1918 is presented in this report, is over 21 per cent of the total in the
industry in 1909, the year to which the census figures apply.
The number of employees in cotton-goods finishing for whom data
for 1918 are shown is as follows:
Massachusetts...............
Rhode Island................
New Y ork ......................
Connecticut................... ......
New Hampshire...........
New Jersey....................

5,222
3, 528
1, 700
1,195
1,039
646

Pennsylvania............
Other States.............. ..........

535
469
219

Total............... .......... 14,553

Full-time hours per week are the regular hours during which, under
normal conditions, employees in an occupation are on duty. Full­
time hours do not in any way indicate the extent of unemployment.
Employees may work overtime, or broken time, or be laid off, or a
temporary reduction may be made in working hours without affecting
the full-time hours as here presented.
The rates of wages per hour appearing in the tables include the
wages of time workers and the earnings of piece workers. All time
rates not already on an hourly basis have been reduced to rates per
hour, and the earnings of piece workers and of persons working at
both time and piece rates have been reduced to rates per hour by
dividing the earnings by the hours worked. For 1918 the piece
workers and time workers of each occupation are shown separately
and also combined as one group.




28

W AGES AN D H O U RS OF LABOR— COTTON GOODS.

Where there was no record regularly kept of the actual time worked
by employees, the establishments, at the request of the Bureau, kept
a record for the pay-roll period selected.
The full-time weekly earnings are the earnings of employees
working full time, or the earnings on broken time reduced to equiva­
lent earnings for a full week. The actual earnings of employees
during one pay-roll period are shown in Table D. In this table
low earnings may be due either to a low rate or to broken time.
The averages of full-time hours per week, earnings per hour, full­
time weekly earnings, and actual earnings are computed by adding
the data for each employee and dividing the total by the number of
employees.
Descriptions of all the operations in a representative cotton mill
may be found in Bulletin No. 239 of the Bureau. Figures relating to
wages and hours are shown separately for 15 of the more important
occupations in cotton manufacturing and 8 occupations in cotton
finishing. The sex is shown for each occupation. Of the 15 occupa­
tions tabulated in cotton manufacturing, data are shown for males
ialone in 4 occupations, for females alone in 3 occupations, and for
both males and females in 8 occupations.
Of the 8 occupations tabulated in cotton finishing, data are shown
for males alone in 7 occupations, and for females alone in 1 occupation.
The occupations arranged in order of manufacture are as follows:
Manufacturing.
Card strippers.
Drawing-frame tenders.
Slubber tenders.
Speeder tenders.
Spinners, mule.
Spinners, frame.
Doffers.
Spooler tenders.
Warper tenders.
B earner tenders.
Slasher tenders.
Drawers-in.
Loom fixers.
Weavers.
Trimmers or inspectors.

Finishing.
Laborers, bleach, house.
Laborers, dyehouse.
Laborers, color mixing.
Engravers.
Printers.
Calender tenders.
Folders.
Knotters.

All employees not included under any of the above selected occu­
pations are combined and shown under “ Other employees.”




G ENERAL TABLES.

29

GENERAL TABLES.
In addition to the text tables already shown, 8 general tables are
presented as follows:
Table A .—Average and classified full-time hours per week, and
earnings per hour, and average full-time weekly earnings, in the
United States, by years, 1907 to 1918.
In this table the figures opposite each group of years are for
identical establishments. When a second line is shown for 1918
it contains all data secured for 1918, whether or not comparable
data for 1916 were available.
Table B.—Average and classified full-time hours per week, and
earnings per hour, and average full-time weekly earnings, in each
State, by years, 1916 and 1918.
In this table the figures for both years are for identical establish­
ments, and do not include data from establishments furnishing
information for 1918 only.
Table C.—Average and classified full-time hours per week, and
earnings per hour, and average full-time weekly earnings, for piece
workers and time workers, by States, 1918.
This table includes all data secured for 1918, whether or not
comparable data for 1916 were available.
Table D.— Average full-time hours, hours actually worked, full­
time weekly earnings and amounts actually earned, and number of
employees working each classified per cent of full time and earning
each classified amount, during one pay-roll period, for piece workers
and time workers, b y States, 1918.
This table includes data for all establishments from which infor­
mation was secured for 1918. The table is divided into two sections,
one relating to employees whose time and earnings were reported for
one week, and the other relating to those whose time and earnings
were reported for two weeks in such a way that they could not be
divided. The purpose of this table is to compare the time actually
worked by employees with the full working time of the establish­
ments and the average amount actually earned, with more or less
broken time of some employees, with the possible full-time earnings.
A few establishments having other than one-week or two-week
pay-rolls are omitted from this table, as are also some employees
because of incomplete data.
Tables E, F, G, and H, respectively, show for cotton finishing the
same facts that Tables A, B, C, and D show for manufacturing.




T a b l e A .— A V E R A G E A N D C L A S S I F I E D F U L L -T IM E H O U R S P E R W E E K , A N D E A R N I N G S P E R H O U R , A N D
F U L L -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S , I N T H E U N I T E D S T A T E S , B Y Y E A R S , 1 9 0 7 TO 1 9 18 .

AVERAGE

Co
0

MANUFACTURING.

59.8 $0,131
.124
59.3
.121
59.3
57.8
.124

59 establishm ents.. 1910
1911

523
515

58.4
58.3

88 establishments. . 1911
1912

786
800

88 establishm ents.. 1912
1913

40
15
19

138
135

295
298

29
28

126
219

225
151

461
253

37
344

251
284

223
229

155
130

253
245

344
375

73

349
579

284
60

231
264

130
115

248
224

379
363

79
172

8.11
9.23

579
447

54

229

85

219
105

133

172
118

18
235

3
106

.167
.267

9.29
14.84

495
476

304
225

124
5

166
26

121
59

257
58

133
134

.267

14.84

476

226

59

58

135

.120
.122

6.95
7.08

250
253

121
123

58.3
57.1

.121
.134

7.02
7.62

314
321

255
251

804
845

57.1
57.2

.134
.138

7.62
7.83

321
325

9 0 establishm ents.. 1913
1914

871
904

57.1
56.3

.139
.144

7.89
8.06

88 establishments. . 1914
1916

869
792

56.1
56.7

.145
.166

896
105 establishments. 1916
1918 ‘ 718

56.5
56.0

106 establishments. 1918

56.1




52

10

GOODS.

166

166
186
175
78

L A B O R — COTTON

110
148
163
196

$7.83
7.35
7.18
7.17

719

O
F

284
289
287
318

HOURS

Card strippers, male:
36 establishm ents.. 1907
1908
1909
1910

AND

N um ­
Occupation, sex, and
ber of
number of establish­ Year. em­
ploy­
ments.
ees.

Employees whose full-time hours per
Employees whose earnings per hour were—
week were—
Aver­ Aver­ Aver­
age
age
full­ age
full­
Over
8
time earn­ time
25
18
20
30
16
12
14
10
40
Un­ and and
57
48
ings weekly Un­
54
hours per
and and and and and and and and
Over der un­ under under under under under under under under under cts.
and and and
per hour. earn­ der 48.
and
un­ under under
der
60.
30
40
16
week.
18
20
25
10
14
12
48.
ings.
der
cts.
9
57.
cts. cts. over.
cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts.
54.

WAGES

[In this table the figures opposite each group of years are for identical establishments. When a second line is shown for 1918 it contains all data obtained for 1918, whether or not
comparable data for 1916 were available.]

7
234

1
175
175

26

Drawing-frame tenders,
male:
34 establishments. . 1907
1908
1909
1910

219
234
253
253

60.4
59.7
59.7
58.5

.100
.098
.099
.098

6.04
5.85
5.91
5.73

56 establishments. . 1910
1911

436
457

59.5
59.7

.096
.097

5.70
5.78

84 establishments. . 1911
1912

750
723

59.5
57.9

.097
.108

82 establishm ents.. 1912
1913

727
624

57.9
58.0

76 establishm ents.. 1913
1914

572
660

74 establishments. . 1914
1916

113

26
94
89
78

81
30
35
28

56
62
51
56

13
19
21
18

144
147

111
120

127
145

76
74

58
90

5.73
6.22

211
234

235
348

174
16

136
103

.108
.109

6.20
6.31

234
201

352
341

16
7

58.4
57.9

.109
.116

6.32
6.66

145
225

345
395

6^9
662

57.8
58.2

.117
.127

6.75
7.32

234
190

82 establishm ents.. 1916
1918

681
510

58.4
57.4

.126
.199

7.32
11.39

37

84 establishments. . 1918

515

57.3

.199

11.37

39

Drawing-frame tenders,
female:
19 establishm ents.. 1907
1908
1909
1910

231
232
249
233

60.2
59 3
59.4
58.1

.093
.093
.091
.089

27 establishm ents.. 1910
1911

359
344

58.2
57.7

45 establishm ents.. 1911
1912
1913

502
525
594

32 establishm ents.. 1913
1914

5
4
3
5

124
116

126
99

47
70

5
8

125
39

186
71

192
259

90
184

19
51

2
14

2

110
80

38
15

71
79

257
221

184
159

51
55

14
12

2
3

7
4

80
58

15
28

55
54

213
200

149
206

47
84

10
21

3
5

1

375
431

4
4

41
49

28
41

50
21

200
180

214
145

84
78

.21
94

6
38

2
13

176
142

469
323

4
8

46
1

42
2

26
3

193
16

160
58

79
67

78
83

39
40

18
147

66

26

1

150

323

3

1

2

3

18

58

67

83

40

150

66

26

1

5.60
5.51
5.41
5.17

53
16
16
7

47
71
69
59

38
43
54
56

41
25
30
51

100
51
79
61

8
39
17
5

.....

67

64
86
105
49

.090
.094

5.20
5.41

136
146

56
37

28
16

80
70

71
59

104
86

98
95

5
33

1
1

57.8
57 0
56.8

.095
.110
.114

5.46
6.23
6.48

172
199
232

56
82
97

19
13

82
20
17

68
26
10

155
58
40

151
327
352

45
69
118

1
20
43

4
11

i
3

594
574

56.7
55.5

.115
.118

6.50
6.51

5

246
429

83
78

14
20

4

39
36

349
255

131
199

41
32

11
23

3
4

1

31 establishm ents.. 1914
1916

569
526

55.3
55.5

.118
.142

6.51
7.86

5

442
406

60
73

19
25

4
1

49
13

230
49

208
112

32
233

22
64

4
17

1
9

3

43 establishm ents.. 1916
1918

660
723

55.6
54.7

.136
.210

7.53
11.44

3
24

479
586

92
113

34

8

15
1

103
18

133
29

273
55

65
81

17
40

9
3C0

3
121

18

55 establishm ents.. 1918

818

54.8

.209

11.40

30

641 .

147

2

19

43

73

85

46

374

158

18




TA BLES.

54
35
35
40

GENERAL

53

74
85
93
81

17

29
47

T a b l e A .— A V E R A G E A N D C L A S S I F I E D F U L L -T IM E H O U R S P E R W E E K , A N D E A R N IN G S P E R H O U R , A N D
F U L L -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S , I N T H E U N I T E D S T A T E S , B Y Y E A R S , 1 9 0 7 TO 1 918— C on tin u ed .

AVERAGE

CO

MANUFACTURING—Continued.

358
423

332

103 establishm ents. 1918

766

56.7

.307

17.22

424

333

54.2
54.0

.188
.257

10.18
13.87

Slubber tenders, female:
13 establishments. . 1916
1918

116
21

110
22

07
35

233
K6

135
132

30
270

1
128

21

22

35

147

133

270

128

14
1

7
5

11
11

21
16

3
18

13

3

2

6

11

18

19

15

3

52
58
79
72

18
20
52
43

10
12
21
32

5
5
4
8

8
2
2

,84

74

54.1

.257

13.89

201
224
258
249

63.9
61.1
61.2
61.0

.116
.123
.129
.131

7.41
7.52
7.89
7.99

171
.195
192

201
53
63
57

1910
1911

426

61.4
61.4

.131
.135

8.03
8.29

273
243

153
153

107
87

115
118

C9
67

60
45

19
35

3
3

6 2 establishm ents.. 1911
1912

623
666

61.2
59.7

.135
.142

8.24
8.47

474
581

129
23

131
97

168
198

140
155

66
106

48
60

5
9

61 establishments. . 1912
1913

680
745

59.7
59.8

.143
.145

8.52
8.72

595
691

23
11

92
116

203

166
212

107
116

f3
53

9
27

2

55 establishm ents.. 1913
1914

742
778

59.7
59.7

.145
.151

8.64
9.04

687
741

11

111
70

189
196

214
226

116
152

51
73

23
40

6
4

58 establishments. . 1914
1916

799
1,285

59.3
59.1

.153
.104

9.04
9.67

195
221

215
345

169
259

86
133

42
166

4
45

32 establishments.




73

91
205

1,067

GOODS.

17 establishm ents.. 1918
Speeder tenders, male:
16 establishm ents.. 1907
1908
1909
1910

L A B O R — COTTON

57.5 $0.192 $11.21
.308 17.23
56.7

O
F

834
764

25
30
9
18
10
12
and and and and a14i a16l and a20l and and 40
n
n
n
cts.
un­ under under
under m ier unier unier m le r unier under and
der
30
40 over.
20
16
18
10
12
25
14
9
cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts.
cts. cts. cts. cts.

HOURS

Slubber tenders, male:
100 establishments . 1916
1918

Employees whose earnings per hour were—

AND

Employees whose full-time hours per
week were—
Aver­
age
full­
Over
time
U n­
54
48
57
weekly Un­
Over der
and and
earn­ der 48. and under under 60.
un­
60.
ings.
48.
der
cts.
57.
60.
54.

WAGES

Num­
ber of
Occupation, sex, and
number of establish- Year. em­
ploy­
ees.

Aver­
age Aver­
age
fu l- earn­
time ings
hours per
per
week. hour.

8

1,739
1,455

58.5
58.2

.174
.2.5

10.13
15.30

455
444

98 establishments. . 1918
Speeder tenders, female:
35 establishments. , 1907
1908
1909
1910

1,478

58.2

.265

15.28

59.3
59.1
59.1
57.6

.139
.138
.135
.134

8.24
8.16
7.98
7.72

2
3

1,020

3

153
208
220
143

105
48
41
35

9
8
1
10

23
25
13
26

454

721
694
714
800

1,228
1,007

4C3
438
453
185

95 establishm ents.. 1916
1918

54

11
1

19
4

93
8

253
16

396
28

303
67

181
113

357
451

94
352

27
339

76

1

5

4

8

16

28

68

113

459

356

349

76

25
33
31
39

95
118
119
125

176
168
246
286

242
185
246
217

123
100
51
64

19
51
5
29

6
3
2
4

1910
1911

1,175
1,189

57.8
57.9

.133
.135

7.68
7.80

602
597

313
311

165
165

95
116

11
9

33
29

59
C2

194
202

413
352

326
388

99
106

31
34

6
5

2

82 establishments. .

1911
1912

1,753
1,784

57.9
56.6

.136
.149

7.86
8.42

801
890

547
531

258
328

147
35

15
4

38
23

89
60

283
195

505
286

589
593

1C9
429

53
149

8
39

3
3

80 establishm ents., 1912
1913

1,791
1,855

56.7
56.7

.148
.151

8.38
8.55

918

503
597

335
343

35
25

4

23
12

eo
33

198
181

288
316

595
643

429
472

149
138

39
54

3
3

79 establishments. .

1913
1914

1,946
2,001

56.5
55.8

.153
.155

8.61
8.61

1.385

597
191

341
418

25
6

5

12
13

33
33

179
177

316
280

650
590

519
600

166
203

59
91

9
6

76 establishments. .

1914
1916

1,987
2,578

55.8
55.6

.155
.187

8.62
10.33

1.385
1,891

191
244

404
438

6
4

5
6

15
11

31
22

174
120

275
158

589
243

600
416

201
653

91
870

6
71

95 establishments. .

1916
1918

2,986
3,189

55.6
54.9

.188
.276

10.38
15.10

2,192
2,701

314

473
474

4
8

8
3

11
2

22
5

129
12

173
33

283
63

460
96

767 1,010
112
8
141
536 1,199 1,032

64

100 establishments.. 1918
Spinners, mule, male:
11 establishments.. 1907
1903
1909
1910

3,214

55.0

.277

15.10

2,710

5

12

36

63

100

141

64

1C9
193
1 6
131

£8.6
58.4
58.5
56.8

.234
.225
.221
.218

13.71
1314
12. P3
12.38

2

1
2
4
1

8
13
10
11

23
21
17
27

107
112
103
80

1 58
1 45
1 19
1 12

14 establishments.. 1910
1911

222
207

57.0
57.0

.219
.225

12.50
12.82

11
6

43
33

139
133

1 26
1 28

16 establishm ents.. 1911
1912
1913

2*8
266
258

56.8
55.7
55.6

.255
.279
.281

6
5
9

33
20
13

147 i 95
95 i 145
85 1 150

14 establishments.. 1913
1914

234
245

55.6
54.9

9
4

13
13

66
66

1 145
1 156

11 establishments.. 1914
1916

215
196

f4.9
54.8

3
1

17
1

60
14

1 134
73

48

60

17 establishments.. 1916
1918

334
303

1

21
2

93
3

124
56

90
242

8

3

2

89

133
151
113
33

61
35
33
9

117
110

96
£8

9
9

2

14.44
15.48
15.58

179
182
182

100
£4
76

9

2
1

.2 96
.291

15.82
15.95

158
202

76
43

.296
.346

16.20
18.94

172
157

43
39

l

54.7 T .345
54.3
.487

IS. 85
26.40

295
303

39

1
i

.........

1

1Classified as 25 cents and over.

1

1
1

8

548 1,199 1,041

TA BLES,




490

GENERAL

57 establishments. .

OO
OO

Ta b l e

A.— V E R A G E
A

A N D C L A S S IF IE D F U L L -T IM E IIO U R S P E R W E E K , A N D E A R N IN G S P E R H O U R , A N D
F U L L -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S , IN T H E U N I T E D S T A T E S , B Y Y E A R S , 1 9 0 7 TO 19 1 8 — C on tin u ed .

AVERAGE

co

M A N U F A C T U R IN G — C o n tin u ed .

261
420

57.2
57.0

46 establishments.. 1911
1912

700
679

49 establishments.. 1912
1913

47

6.83
7.03

160
291

53

5 7.2,
56.2

.126
.148

7.18
8.30

402
353

228

564
530

56.7
56.9

.144
.143

8.14
8.07

237

31 establishments.. 1913
1914

503
438

56.8
55.2

.145
.152

38 establishments.. 1914
1916

4*3
547

54.7
56.6

41 establishments.. 1916
1918

4^9
333

53 establishments.. 1918
Spinners, frame, female:
3 6 establishm ents.. 1907
1908
1909
1910




81

22
74
41
31

22
17
29
13

8
7
5
4

29
10
25
32

32
F2
36
40

32
51
52
62

23
23
23
21

31
15
6
10

2
4
12
6

44
39

19
9

5
14

34
23

54
95

105
184

25
78

13
11

6
6

52
44

9
7

17
5

f2
23

171
114

278
122

133
169

33
103

6
104

221

186

45
113

6
15

5
19

23
23

108
85

108
110

150
117

85
75

64
59

8.37

216
379

1Q
6
17

96
60

7
5

16
10

22
17

79
66

104
60

114
99

75
102

58
59

.r o
.169

8.18
9.47

322

75
214

6
47

12
14

21
16

75
43

61
57

103
50

102
62

59
65

39
147

56.6
54.1

.164
.249

9.21
13.50

2"4
220

1S9
72

57
2

12
2

14
1

42
21

39
21

25

56

48
23

50
14

142

2
100

17

383

54.3

.248

13.48

232

96

4

2

2

21

25

23

30

19

60

112

19

2,317
2,114
2,408
2,500

61.0
59.9
59.8
58.5

.110
.107
.103
.112

6.71
6.41
6 34
6.55

484
461
389
356

174
147
182
191

357
155
405
274

343
612
634
674

527
466
573
597

287

92
59
38
84

42
5
1
8

1,020

16

1,000
895
1,107
442

305 1,012
923
295
951
350
254
784

186
185
316

GOODS.

109

.120
.125

136

135

L A B O R — COTTON

36 establishments.. 1910
1911

122

$7.37
7.00
6.89
6.81

40
cts.
and
over.

O
F

59.4 $0.124
58.8
.119
58.9
.117
57.2
.119

8
9
25
12
16
18
20
10
14
Un­ and and and and and and and and and a30 i
n
der un­ under under under under under. under under under under
der
8
10
30
12
14
16
20
25
IS
40
cts.
9
cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts.
cts.

HOURS

184
214
188
183

Employees whose earnings per hour were—

AND

Spinners, frame, male:
25 establishments.. 1907
190 >
1909
1910

WAGES

Num­
Occupation, sex, and
ber of
number of establish­ Year. em­
ploy­
ments.
ees.

Employees whose full-time hours per
week were—
Aver­ Aver­ A"~era^e
age
age
full­
fu lOver
time earn­ time
48
54
57
hours ings weekly Un­
ani
and
Over
per
earn- der 48. and under unier 60.
per hour.
un­
60.
injs.
week.
48.
der
57.
60.
54.

59 establishm ents.. 1910
1911

3.704
3,735

59.0
59.1

.108
.111

6.33
6.48

621
646

1,087
1,053

683
751

679
538

339
369

449
488

406
434

107
124

20

14

2

88 establishm ents.. 1911
1912

5,981
6,214

59-1
58.0

• 111
.123

6 51
7.11

1,639
L 667
,

1,811
2,566

941
217

733
497

504
325

649
767 1,557 1,408
512 1,452 1,304 1,591

150
397

28
121

5
15

88 establishm ents.. 1912
1913

6,364
6,561

58.0
57.9

.124
.127

6.98
7.29

L 667
,
L 742
,

2,600
2,763

217
124

483
512

345
365

524 1.477 1,317 1,610
450 1,442 1,194 1,662

415
643

161
212

32
81

90 establishm ents.. 1913
1914

6,762
6,908

57.8
56.9

.128
.132

7.33
7.45

23

L 742
,
349

2,778
2,874

124
16

517
255

3^5
398

450 1,477 1,221 1,705
567 1,444 1,203 1,623

677
981

257
331

92
102

1
2

88 establishm ents.. 1914
1916

6,766
7,012

5^.8
57.2

.132
.147

7.47
8.32

23
14

349
362

2,734
3,222

16
29

252
576

389
308

540 1,380 1,172 1,619
663
435
982
945

979
331
849 1,464

102
787

2
49

104 establishments. 1916
1918

7,706
7,723

57.2
55.9

.149
.233

8.42
12.90

14
407

544
3

3.465
2,930

29
40

599
34

319
20

428 1,032 1,036
43
414
203

105 establishments. 1918

7,752

56.1

.233

12.89

416

3

2,950

40

34

20

49

203

$47
891

415

773
536

1

920 1,589
958
51
1
691
708 1,527 2,146 1,278

57

714 1,535 2,146 1,278

57

606 j 695

3,2%
2,831

102 establishments. 1918

2,857

.139
.231

8.15
12.83

56.1

.231

12.87

537 55 0
655 i 52.8

.162
.256

8.92
13.56

38
85

2

1,964
1,464

18
30

348
5

212
6

203
21

629
42

307
116

420
224

444
303

365
337

235
701

41
638

2
379 ’**59

1,470

30

5

6

21

42

116

227

303

343

718

638

379

59

28

16

72
1

140
14

140
57

102
33

23
166

16
285

87

12

2

333

1

9

129
1
1

37
333

16

62

33

177

314

87

12

179

26 establishm ents.. 1918

703

52.6

.255

13.46

109

Spoolertenders,female:
104 establishments. 1916
1918

3,662
3,750

57.2
56.2

.137
.207

7.73
11.46

15
152

1
33

270
1

1,714
1,589

8
9

337
29

247
20

298
52

625
212

495
336

515
441

460
421

326
332

329
869

28
663

2
370

5

105 establishm ents. 1918

3,759

5.62

.207

11.46

152

.... 33

1

1,598

9

29

20

52

213

339

444

421

334

869

663

370

5

Warpertenders, male:
2 5 establishm ents.. 1916
1918

75
77

59.4
59.6

.176
.247

10.41
14.71

68
72

3

9
1

24
1

16
3

6
4

8
35

7
23

2
9

1

31 establishm ents.. 1918

82

59.6

.243

14.48

77

1

2

4

5

37

23

9

1

Warper tenders, female78 establishments. . 1916
1918

512

5oo

58 0
55.3

. 182
.253

10.15
14.20

1

23
1

72
5

70
11

119
46

106
44

138
139

26
190

6
138

11

82 establishments. . 1318

535

55.4

.259

14.20

1

1

5

11

46

47

141

193

140

TABLES.

57.9
56.1

GENERAL

;

Coffers, male:
99 establishm ents.. 1916
1918

Doffers, female:
19 establishm ents.. 1916
1918

....... ....

861
871

11




---

6

57
1

123
126

2
2

6

1

131

2

2

CO
OX

T a b l e A .— A V E R A G E A N D C L A S S I F I E D F U L L -T IM E H O U R S P E R W E E K , A N D E A R N IN G S P E R H O U R , A N D
F U L L -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S , I N T H E U N I T E D S T A T E S , B Y Y E A R S , 19 0 7 TO 1 9 1 8 — C on tin u ed .

AVERAGE

03
05

M A N U F A C T U R IN G — C o n tin u ed .

Aver-

Employees whose full-time hours per
week were—

Over
60.

328
270

56.0 $0,271 515.01
.405 22.65
56.4

219
166

109
103
103

56.3

.404

22.63

176

91
98

54.8
54.1

.224
.297

12.28
16.07

88
96

113

5.41

.315

17.06

111

1907
1908
1909
1910

159
158
167
166

60.3
59.6
59.4
58.1

.183
.183
.180
.181

11.03
10.91
10.69
10.52

57 establishm ents., 1910
1911

276
303

58.4
58.5

.178
.178

10.33
10.32

85 establishm ents.. 1911
1912

455
447

58.5
57.4

.194
.215

85 establishments..

449
472

57.4
57.6

485
528

18

2

39

21

173

2

7 establishments. . . 1918

15

Slasher tenders, male:
35 establishments.

1912
1913

87 establishments.. 1913
1914 I




1

72

77
75
82
34

29
69
73
52

116
122

53
55

72
81

63

11.26
12.28

149
157

144
153

106
131

36

.216
.212

12.34
12.12

157
147

153
154

133
166

57.5
.212
56.8 I

12.09

159
292

154
29

167
204

2

13

34

16
124
115

79
110
13

111
195 1103
195 U 0 3
172 1 108

92
103

35

184 1 108
191 1121

56

13

GOODS.

280

2
163

L A B O R — COTTON

24 establishm ents.. 1918
Beamer tenders, fe­
male:
5 establishm ents... 1916
1918

166
49

O
F

Beamer tenders, male:
22 establishm ents.. 1916
1918

12
18
20
30
9
14
16
25
10
Un­ and and and and and and and and and and 40
der un­ under under under under under under under under under
der
25
16
30
10
12
14
20
40 and
18
9
cts.
cts.
cts. cts. cts,
cts. cts. cts. cts. over.
cts.

HOURS

Over
48
54
57
Un­
and and
earn­ der 48. and under unier
un­
ings.
48.
60.
der
57.
54.

Employees whose earnings per hour were—

AND

fulltime

WAGES

Aver­
N um ­ age Aver­
age
Occupation, sex, and
ber of full­ earn­
number of establish­ Year. em­ time
ings
ments.
ploy­ hours per
ees.
per
week. hour.

30
27

499
499

56.6
56.6

.214
.244

11.99
13.62

290
293

177
175

96 establishments. . 1916
1918

581
600

56.8
56.6

.241
.342

13.48
18.87

319
364

215
233

99 establishments. . 1918

608

56.5

.340

18.73

926
825

56.0
55.1

.191
.263

10.47
15.41

626
618

91 establishments. . 1918

834

55.3

.273

15.00

Loom fixers, male:
36 establishments... 1907
1908
1909
1910

631
619
680
728

60.8
59.7
59.8
56.3

.207
.202
.197
.202

12.59
12.06
11.78
11.78

323

277
278
304
133

207

65

59 establishments... 1910
1911

1,267
1,314

58.7
58.6

.200
.203

11.64
11.81

528
574

232
226

293

2,200
2,273

58.6
57.7

.203
.224

11.80
12.91 .

729
757

701

543
762

2,290
2,321

57.7
57.6

.224
.226

12.84 .
12.93 .

757
778

701

90 establishments... 1913
1914

2,370
2,491

57.8
56.6

.227
.233

12.96
13.09

821
1.424

87 establishments... 1914
1916

2,441
2,486

56.7
56.9

.234
.268

13.17
15.10

102 establishments.. 1916
1918

2,776
2,703

56.8
56.4

.270
.391

14
16

192 1119 .
70
169

73

23

14

45

67
10

45
22

20
29

95
105

174
64

93
171

23
199

22

32

107

64

173

199

53

88 establishments... 1912
1913

30
44

214
218

88 establishments... 1911
1912

83
51

365

Drawers-in, female:
86 establishm ents.. 1916
1918

31
26

11

| .........

•78 establishm ents.. 1914
1916

9
1

8
1

15

80
13

105
20

83
52

111
62

118
54

242
131

124
174

31
232

85

191

1

1

1

13

21

53

64

55

133

175

232

85

2

16
7
9
g

144
69
70
68

75
155
194
175

29
69
87
100

222 1 143
206 1113
234
184
213 1 163

14
12

221
213

240
236

111
112

503
544

12

335
135

398
478

144
152

779
811

148
69

480
516

154
170

662
599

692
151

817
889

69
64

521
478

170
263

600 11010 .
497 11189 .

1.424
1,388

151
154

821

60
11

433
220

263
157

496 11189 .
312 1189
593

15.17 .
21.80 .

1,543
1.702

208
1

972
904

13

253

167
1

.629
194

378
572

1332
1006

4
930

21.79 .

1.702

1

200

572

1006

930

2,709

56.4

.391

2,769
2,848
3,123
3,037

60.3
59.6
59.8
58.3

.161
.160
.151
.154

9.71
9.54
9.03
8.98

58 establishments... 1910
1911

5,334
5,012

58.8
58-8

.151
.155

8.83
9.07

88 establishments. ~ , 1911
1912

8,855
9,751

58.6
57.5

.156
.169

620

105
270

249
71

2

1178
U 97 .

1054 1257
662 1 846 .
1846
1967 .

910

96

1,397
1,424
1,497
1,489
337

502
1,006
1,156
925

870
418
470

6
1
5
1

61
40
47
24

149
113
147
129

333
418
517
430

372
437
671
632

474
402
534
542

454
456
293
318

415
479
303
348

172 ■
140 ■
133 ■
132 ■

2,190
2,069

703
670

1,440 1,001
1,225 1,048

8
4

59
51

211
172

845 1,119 1,125
612
961 1,169

900
902

535
556

491
540

141 145 -

9.08 .
3,129 2,366
.
9.67 ......................... 3,703 2,322

2,195 1,165
136
3,5

9

90
50

278 1,048 1,709 1,904 1,672 ,133
945
203
900 1,452 1,565 1,839 ; ,545 1,911

167 1286 -

TA BLES.

103 establishments.. 1918

12

67

GENERAL

228
184

Weavers, male:
36 establishments... 1907
1908
1909
1910




5

,
.
.
.

1Classified as 25 cents and over.

433
462
573
581

00
<1

T able

A.—A V E R A G E A N D C L A S S I F I E D F U L L -T IM E H O U R S P E R W E E K , A N D E A R N IN G S P E R H O U R , A N D A V E R A G E
F U L L -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S , IN T H E U N I T E D

S T A T E S , B Y Y E A R S , 1 9 0 7 TO 1 9 1 8 — C on clu d ed .

co
00

MANUFACTURING—Concluded.
WAGES

Employees whose earnings per hour were-

57.5 $0.169
57.7
.169

$9.67
9.71

3,703 2,322
3,146 2,200

3,614
3,889

136
81

1

49
34

201
205

921 1,445 1,5*0 1, b50 1.537 1,906 1286
1,345 1,425 1,697 1,509 1,913 1264

89 establishments... 1913
1914

9,485
9,755

57.6
56.8

.170
.176

9.73
9.93

3,315 2,200
436
5.328

3,889
3,974.

81
8

1
14

34
54

206
225

933 1,349 1,430 1,723 1.538 1,997
710 1,156 1,490 1,654 1,583 2,392

86 establishments... 1914
1916

9,518
9,027

56.7
56.8

.176
.202

9.96
11.37

5.328
4,890

436
471

3,737
3,645

8
3

14
1

53
1

219

673 1,077 1,445 1,609 1,564 2,387 i 477
752 1,047 1,142 1,111 2,664 1,537
448

100 establishments.. 1916 10,279
1918 8,250

56.7
56.2

.205
.302

11.54
16.81

5,621
5,151

674
22

3,959
3,019

3
6

2
3

3

457
33

103 establishments.. 1918

8,301

56.2

.301

16.78

5,154

22

3,064

6

3

3

34

Weavers, female:
36 establishm ents.. 1907
1908
1909
1910

3,724
3,903
3,930
3,905

59.5
59.0
59.1
57.6

.151
.152
.144
.151

a 98
8.97
8.51
8.70

2,267
2,473
2,363
2,065 1,052

809
1,197
1,345
625

648
233
222
163

12
3

84
59

59 establishm ents.. 1910
1911

6,334
6,242

57.8
57.8

.147
.144

8.47
8.31

3,210 1,676
3,198 1,590

849
830

599
624

88 establishm ents.. 1911 10,792
1912 10,980

57.9
56.9

.148
.163

8.54
9.26

4,216 4,442
4.516 4,464

1,422
1,890

712
110

88 establishments. . 1912 10,998
1913 11,105

56.9
56.8

.163
.164

9.26
9.29

4.516 4,464
4,777 4,355

1,908
1,877

110
96

89 establishm ents.. 1913 11,236
1914 11,188

56.7
55.8

.164
.167

9.30
9.30

4,355
736

1,874
2,337

96
37




18

55

12

>,066

7

1274
1477

91

19

373 1,477

707
768
779
863 1,009
851 1,011

821
796
725
664

505
486
228
292

257
252
153
166

11
16
13
10

498
437

267
292

13
14

619
1,689 2,381 2,460 1,929 1,100
1,109 1,611 2,081 2,222 1.798 1.647

40
138

284 1,124 1,610 2,086 2,218 1,797 1.647
249 1,130 1,648 2,071 2,251 1,786 1,764

12

287

278 1,213 1,423 1,583
1,118 1, 482 1,531 1,019

45

161

138
144

247 1,132 1,6F0 2,076 2,293 1,830 1,803
290 1,095 1,452 1,887 2,218 1.799 2,081

143
279

165
151
181
162

516
593
689
704

312

801 1,173 1,271 1,281 3,014 1,805
452
19
90
153
283
365 1,454 1,797 3.008 1.056
3.009 1.056

LABOR-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

9,775
9,316

O
F

Weavers, male—Concld.
88 establishments... 1912
1913

40
cts.
and
over.

HOURS

10
12
16
9
25
14
18
20
30
and and and and and and and and and
and
un­ under under under under under
unier under under under
der
14
16
30
12
18
20
25
10
40
9
cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts.

AN
D

Num­
ber of
Occupation, sex, and
number of establish­ Year. em­
ploy­
ments.
ees.

Employees whose full-time hours per
week were—
Aver­ Aver­ Aver­
age
age
age
full­
full­
Over
time earn­ time
48
54
57
Unhours ings weekly Un­
and and
per
Over der
per hour. earn­ der 48. and under iunier 60.
un­
60.
48.
week.
ings.
der
57.
cts.
60.
54.

86 establishments. . 1914 11,066
1916 10,505

55.8
55.7

.168
.199

9.31
11.05

12
24

101 establishm ents. 1916 11,546
1918 10,945

55.7
55.3

.201
.285

11.12
15.64

25
111

103 establishments. 1918 10,993
Trimmers or inspectors,
female:
30 establishm ents.. 1907
251
261
1908
1903
285
1910
297

55.4

.285

15.62

112

60.4
60.0
59.6
58.1

.102
.101
.0?9
.101

6.16
6.06
5.90
5.87

8,066
7,8.18
4

736
628

2,215
2,011

37
24

8,519
8,324

793

2,182
2,465

279
285 1.052 1,410 1,868 2,210 1,797 2,080
518
5
805 1,014 1,194 1,550 3,897 1,333

66
2

23
45

5

1
5

4
19

558
73

45

8,350

19

5

5

20

74

204

357

442

176

11

8 "3 1,138 1,323 1 ,6S3 4,205 1,535
230
436
586 1,887 2,560 4,101
201
351

16
721

127

102
103
115
76

70
120
147
73

79
38
23
21

64
54
50
45

2
22
15
16

40
77
108
88

92
49
81
120

24
29
2

24
15
21
21

5
15
7
5

595 1,898 2,566 4,105

722

1
2

46 establishm ents.. 1910
1911

408
474

£8.3
58.7

.099
.102

5.78
5.94

161
167

100
119

109
128

38
60

63
72

38
27

109
121

159
177

6
32

25
41

6
3

2

75 establishm ents.. 1911

1912

712
703

58.7
58.0

.103
.112

6.02
6.45

226
226

202
194

205
266

79
17

113
67

62
66

145
61

236
257

89
148

48
53

16
41

2
7

1
3

77 establishments... 1912
1913

708
687

57.7
57.9

.112
.111

6.41
6.39

226
216

194
176

271
270

17
25

80
77

65
45

60
41

254
283

145
160

53
56

41
23

7
2

3

74 establishments... 1913
1914

698
720

57.8
57.2

.112
.113

6.41
6.41

226
316

181
101

25

74
69

45
67

41
48

283
291

174
145

57
55

22
27

2
7

11

73 establishments... 1914
1916

717
844

57.2
56.9

.113
.129

6.42
7.27

316
410

101
134

300
290

10

65
43

67
91

48
51

292
162

145
184

55
142

27
66

7
69

11
35

1

83 establishments... 1916
1918

971
1,138

56.7
55.6

.129
.184

7.25
10.22

16
31

481
761

169

295
340

10
6

43

91
3

56
5

163
70

274
114

167
136

72
144

69
255

35
350

1
55

4

2

87 establishments... 1918 1,175
Other employees,male:
88 establishm ents.. 1914 29,861
1916 24,532

55.6

.186

10.29

31

790

348

6

3

5

73

114

138

144

255

379

58

4

2

57.5
57.7

.151
.174

8.59
9.98

186
186

741 1,024 5,207 4,936 5,338 3,185 1,904 3,151 *2,156
439
533 3,908 2,709 2,407 3,857 2,702 3,274 1,734 1,387

449

105 establishments.. 1916
1918
106 establishments.. 1918
Other employees, fe­
male:
88 establishments. . 1914
1916
101 establishments.. 1916
1918
102 establishments.. 1918

27,395
25,692
25,740

57.7
56.8
56.8

.176
.270
.270

220
10.05
15.19 1,124 ' T
4
15.18 1,126

12,143
5,175
5,913
6,349
6,330

56.3
55. 7
55.7
54.4
54.4

.123
.138
.140
.224
.224

6.89
7.62
7.82
12.06
12.06

993 1,179
25 12,934 1,973 11,250
53
3 13,914
116 9,387 1,144
1,149
53
3 13,914
116

5
19
19

7,451
3,543
4,070
4,328
4,328

249
303

3,722
1,213
1,355
1.314
1.315

39 2,164
702
28
741
28
104
9
104
9

1
Classified as 25 cents and over.

454
25
25

508
573 4,141 3,130 2,907 4,236 2,995 3,712 1,946 1,614
49
265 1,234 2,235 1,725 1,397 5,142 5,790 4,719 3,058
49
267 1,242 2,245 1,732 1,400 5,153 5,793 4,723 3,058

698
188
211
54
54

780 2,105 2,138 1,644 1,295
892
498
963
258
552
972
551
278
677 1,048
543
435
479
75
325
479
543
75
325
435

TABLES.

909 2,219
928 1,133

GENERAL




129
142
152
665 'ii'
665 14

14,936 1,496 12,334
11,619 1,326 10,473

1

789
468 i 62
681
44
375
882
67
463
776 1,932 1,123
777 1,932 1,123

7
8
468
468

15
15
35
35
CO
CD

T a b l e B . —A V E R A G E

A N D C L A S S I F I E D F U L L -T IM E H O U R S P E R W E E K , A N D E A R N IN G S P E R H O U R , A N D
F U L L -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S , I N E A C H S T A T E , B Y Y E A R S , 1 9 1 6 A N D 1918.

AVERAGE

£
°

MANUFACTURING.
[In this table the figures for both years are for identical establishments.]

i

Over
60.

60.

8
9
10
12
14
16
1 20 25 30
8
Un­ and and and and and and and 1and and and 40
der un­ un­ under under under under underi under under under cts.
and
8
der der
14
16
18
20
25
30
40 over.
12
10 cts. cts.
cts.
9
cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts.
cts. cts.

Georgia:
12 establishm ents.. .
Maine:
5 establishments--Massachusetts:
2 0 establishm ents.. .

New York:
2 establishments___
North Carolina:
22 establishments.. .
Rhode Island:
3 establishments---




23
22

1916
1918

102
73

60.0
60.0

.134
.191

102
72

1916
1918

62

58.0
53.7

.160
.264

2

14.

60

46
2

85

.189
.303

248
202

5

.311

16.85

141
110

7
2

05

25
24

3

11

1

6
15

1
28

10

8

5
70

120

60
15

116

69

12

8

87

27
4

49

57

2

2

19

1

4

30
9

26

22

3
6

5

6
4

5

18
7

2
6

7

4

15
4

3
20

2
20

1
18

9

1

2

5

16

7
2

3
13

1
17

2

1916
1918

255
212

54.2
54.4

1916
1918

148
112

55.2
54.1

1916
1918

27
24

54.4
54.0

.316

1916
1918

87
72

60.0
60.0

.129
.203

1916
1918

34
36

54.4
54.1

.198
.322

87
72
1

32
33

2
2

2
8

j

21

45

44

8

6

1
4

8

4

GOODS.

New Hampshire:
5 establishments---

$0.119
.196

CO. 6

5

69

60.3

1916
1918

L A B O R — COTTON

Alabama:
8 establishments---

O
F

CARD STRIPPERS: M ale.

HOURS

Over
54
57
48
and
and and
un­ under under
57.
60.
der
54.

Employees whose earnings per hour were-

AND

State and. number of
establishments.

Aver­
Aver­ age
age
full­
earn­ time
ings weekly U n­
per
A
Q
hour. earn­ der
48.
ings.

WAGES

Employees whose full-time hours per
week were—
AverNum­ age
full­
ber
Year. ofem- time
ploy- hours
per
week.

South Carolina:
19 establishm ents.. . 1916
1918
Other States:
9 establishments___ 1916
1918

76
53

60.0
60.0

.128
.188

7. C7
11.25

49
48

54.6
54.5

.189
.283

10.30
15.41

1

Total:
105 establishments. . 1916
1918

896
718

56.5
56.0

.167
.267

9.20
14.84

4

|

76
53
49
47

i

495
476

i

89

304
225

27
3

18
8

6
18

6

10

6

1

2

1

13

19
1

12
13

2
20

14

87
1

124
5

166
26

121
53

257
58

133
134

7
234

1
175

25
1

|
8
13

26

DRAWING-FRAME TENDERS: M ale.
Alabama:
4 establishments___

50
13
101
75

101
75

60.0
60.0

. lo4

.107

6.44
9.82

32
12

58.0
53.3

.130
.251

7.56
13.38

92
74

54.3
54.4

.164
.249

8.91
13.53

32
19

55.0
54.0

.180
.261

e .o
o

60.0

.126
.206

7.59
12.34

24
16

54.8
49.5

.157
.276

8.59
13.75

176
137

60.0
57.6

.103
.162

6.15
9.42

40
39

50.0
54.2

.161
.223

8.88
12.10

£81
510

58.4
57.4

.126
.199

7.32
11.33

11

3

39

4
5

3

4

2

11

2

54
5

28
13

23

14

7

14

1

2
1

16

20

34
4

5

C3
5

5

12

1

1
4

6

1

16
6

6
33

22

9

5

17

4
9

8

2

13
17

11
17

3
15

54

9

5

14

8

1
3

11

1

50
10

23
35

25
22

2
27

9

22

5

1

4

10

1
2

16
1C

2
1

7
10

3

7

193
16

ICO
58

79
C7

73
83

30
40

IS
147

G
6

26

5

32
19
130
121

1
21
8
1

1

176
142

6

5

37

1

175
114

35
38

2

32
1

3

8
23

32

469
323

1

1

32

87
66

9.90
14.09

130
123

1

|

!

2

6

4
2

4

1

$6.08
9.81

5

14

60.2 30.101
60.3
.163

35
1

4
8

45
1

25
2

42
2

16
3

23
3

TA BLES.

Total:
82 establishm ents.. . 1916
1918

54

GENERAL

Georgia:
11 establishm ents.. . 1916
1918
Maine:
3 establishments___ 1916
1918
Massachusetts:
12 establishm ents.. . 1916
1918
New Hampshire:
3 establishments___ 1916
1918
North Carolina:
22 establishm ents.. . 1916
1918
Rhode Island:
3 establishments___ 1916
1918
South Carolina:
19 establishm ents.. . 1916
1918
Other States:
5 e^taulishments___ 1916
1918




!

i
1916
1918

1

1

T a b l e B .— A V E R A G E A N D C L A S S I F I E D F U L L -T IM E H O U R S P E R W E E K , A N D E A R N IN G S P E R H O U R , A N D
F U L L -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S , IN EA C H S T A T E , B Y Y E A R S , 1 9 1 6 A N D 1 9 1 8 — C o n tin u ed .

AVERAGE

to

MANUFACTURING—Continued.

A
H
O
u.

Over

9
8
30
20
10
12
14
16
18
25
40
U n­ and and and and and and and and and and
der un­ un­ under under under undsr under under under under cts.
and
8
der der
40 ovef.
30
18
20
12
14
16
25
10
cts.
9
cts,
cts. cts.
cts. cts. cts,
cts. cts. cts. cts,

DRAWING-FRAME TENDERS: Female.

$5.18
8. 61

51
60

i

40
48

4

28

40
48

60.0
60.0

.097
. 143

6.83
8.59

86
94

58.0
52.1

.106
.210

6.16
11.29

9

85

210
232

53.9
53.8

.149
.223

8.03
12.00

3
4

179
185

55.0
53.9

.156
.235

8. 59
12.65.

3

179
182

i

93
91

|
!

54.4
53. 9

.141
.2J9

11.25

7

660
723

55.6
54.7

.136
.210

7.53
11.44

3
24

7. 64

i
i

479
586

4

11

10
11

207
228

94
103

6

3
1

5
14

15

1
18

1
1

1

1

S6

92
113

31

22

3

10

5

8
47

19

28

55
1

1
5

3
13

63

86

15
7

130

23

2
10

190

27

4

23

106

15
5

15
8

9
122

3
39

11

12 |
.........i|

32
1

31
13

18
8

20

28

26

2

103
18

133
23

273
55

65
81

17
40

9
360

3
121

18

3
1

8

15
1

1

1

GOODS,




60 0 $0.086
.144
59.8

L A B O R — COTTON

Total:
43 establishments. . . 1916
1918

51
61

O
F

Alabama:
6 establishments___ 1916
1918
Georgia:
5 establishm ents_
_ 1916
19J8
Maine:
3 establishments___ 1916
1918
Massachusetts:
14 establishments. . . 1916
1918
New Hampshire:
5 escaoiishments___ 1916
1918
Other States:
10 establishments. . . 1916
191.8

HOURS

Over
54
57
48
and and
48. and under under
un60.
d3r
57.
54.

AND

State and number of
establishments.

Employees whose earnings per hour were—

WAGES

Employees whose full-time hours per
week were—

Aver­
Aver­
Num­ age Aver­ age
age
full­ earn­ full­
ber
le a r . of em­ time ings time
ploy­ hours per weekly Unees.
per
earn- ' dar
48.
week. hour.

SLUBBER TENDERS: Male.




60.2 SO.148
59.4
.212

91
12.67

20
19

55.0
55.0

13.22
16.42

103
82

60.0
60.0

.153
.230

9.19
13.81

82
86

58.0
54.0

.163
.389

12.72
21.00

86

166
152

54.0
54.0

.234
.360

12.65
19.47

138
130

55.0
54.0

.254
.381

13.99
20.57

138
130

90
85

60.0
60.2

.159
.240

9.53
14.44

22
25

54.0
54.0

.244
.401

13.15
21.66

124
104

60.0
60.0

.146
.227

8.78
13.63

13
11

54.9
54 0

.223
.2 r6
J

12.23
15. 99

1

166
152

834
764

57.5
56. 7

.240
.327

.1^2
.308

11.21
17.23

71
62

4

5
4

20
19

17
5

23
6

15
4

!
1

1

1

1
18

1
1

1

11

11
7

6
42

23

3

5

2

3

6

53
2

12
5

1
46

1

3
1

6

16

87
3

43
15

9
97 ’ **36

5

3

4

24
6

25
7

13
6

7
23

35

10

9

9
13

4
43

27

2

1

33
3

1

1

1

123
104

11
11

8

3

67
35

233
148

135
102

9
2

2

358
423

8

4
1

22
4

22
25

1

6

13

16

12

82

90
84

___ .j
4 ___1

4
31

2

103
82

!

4
8
2

12
2

82

389
332

1

5
5

1

1

3

14

4
1

1

i
50 i
2 1

35
2

84
8

37
8

116
21

25
6

110
22

12

1

41

71

64

47

33

19

6
12

1
12

5
4
30
270

TA BLES,

Total:
100 establishm ents.. 1916
1918

76
70

GENERAL

Alabama:
8 establishments___ 1916
1918
Connecticut:
4 establishments___ 1916
*
1918
Georgia:
12 establishm ents... 1916
1918
Maine:
5 establishments___ 1916
1918
Massachusetts:
20 establishm ents... 1916
1918
New Hampshire:
5 establishments___ 1916
1918
North Carolina:
22 establishments. . . 1916
1918
Rhode Island:
3 establishments___ 1916
1918
South Carolina:
19 estaolishments. . . 1916
1918
Other States:
2 establishments___ 1916
1918

1
128

09

T a b l e B .— AVERAGE

AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE
FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, IN EACH STATE, BY YEARS, 1916 AND 1918—Continued.

£
^

MANUFACTURING—Continued.
Employees whose earnings per hour were—

9
15
30
12
14
18
20
10
25
and and and and and and and and and 40
un- under under under under under under
cts.
under under and
d:r
14
40
15
20
25
30
12
18
10 cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts.
over.
cts.
cts.

HOTJBS

SLUBBE3 TENDERS: Female.

1916
1918

54.0 $0.2*5 $11.05
54.0
.285 15.41

24
26

54.0
54.0

.159
.203

8.57
10.98

54.6
54.4

.211
.291

11. 51
15. 76

|

24
26

16
19

!
!

20
22

60
67

54.2
54.0

.188
.257

1
i

i

1 |

10.18
13.87

|

1

*

1
i
i
1

1

]
2

14
19
|
58 i
67

|

2

1

1

2

11
3

6

4
10

7

1
4

2

10

2
8

2

3

3
18

13

3

3

12

5
1

4
5

1

2

i

6

11

2

2

14
1

7
5

11
11

21
16

6
2

23
4

37
6

32
10

33
10

10
13

6
48

2
1

5

33
4

79
3

47
8

29
30

7
101

2
75

3

1

3
1

5

22

9

99
5

46
34

13
116

37

90
19

45
21

38
130

128

39

1

......... 1
.........

SPEEDER TENDERS:: M ale.
Alabama:
6 establishments....... 1916
1918
Georgia:
12 establishments -. . 1916
1918
Massachusetts:
18 establishments— 1916
1918
North Carolina:
22 establishments— 1916
1918




|

160
112

69.0 $0.147
60.0
.204

12.26

211
225

60.0
60.0

.155
.229

160
112

9.33
13. 73
12.36
18. 81

I

198
193

54.0
54.0

.229
.349

381
345

60.0
60.0

.159
.249

9.51
14.97

i

4
2

211
225
1

5

198
192
381
343

2

3

20

73
2

I

112
5 1

14

5

LABOR-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Total:
13 establishments—

-20
22

O
F

Massachusetts:
5 establishments---- 1916
1918
Pennsylvania:
4 establishments---- 1916
1918
Other States:
4 establishments---- 1916
1918

AN
D

8
and
un­
der
9
cts.

WAGES

State and number of
establishments.

Employees whose full-time hours per
week were—
Aver­ Aver­ Aver­
Num­ age
age
age
full­
full­
ber
Over
Year. of em­ time earn­ time
U n­
48
57
54
ploy­ hours ings weekly U n­
Over der
and
per
60.
per hour. earn­ der 48. and under and
ees.
60.
8
ununder
week.
48.
ings.
60.
57.
cts.
dsr
54.

South Carolina:
_
19establishments_
Other States:
18 establishments—
Total:.
_
95 establishments_

1916
1918

470 60.0
328 60.1

.148
.2 2 0

8 .95
13.21

1916
1918

319 55.5
252 512

.224
.343

12.43
18.57

1916 1,739
1918 1,455

58.5
58.2

.174 10.33
.265 15.30

462
327

6

251
252
455
444

1

54

54

2
1

14

7
1

|

1

166
10

94
30

38
48

161

55

2

44
4

105
3

2

17

41

196

1

3

2
1

6

46
46

14
163 “ *36

94
352

27
339 "*76

i

181
113

11

2

5

3

93
8

253
16

396
23

303
G
7

6

41

41

4

12

26
25

11

2

15

22

33

15

66

56
31

24
88

29

13
3

27
4

40
13

16
14

12

5
40

13

2

3

30

99
4

66

2

4

8

3

11
1

19
4

5

1,228
1,007

359
451

13

SPEEDER TENDERS: Female.
Alabama:
8 establishments___




1916 2,986
1918 3,189

55.6
54.9

.188
. 2 /6

10.38
15.10

4

3

5

8

2

1

4

174
148
119
109
1

338

1
2

1

2
1

3
1

1

1,131
1,223

1

8

1

14

16

51

2

504
587

1

2

1

13

1

1

3

12

47
571

4
422 ’ **30

57

118
7

242
53

30
233

3
281

11

101

7

2

76

194

1
1

2

49

94

2

22

8
1

12
2

22
6

12
6

5
13

32

9

- 14

4

6
2

71
3

64
9

3
72

89

38
5

31

17
38

10

2

44

65

12

3

15

30

13
19

5

1

8
11

21

20

314

473
474

4

8

8

3

11
2

22

5

3

. 129

173
36

286
63

460
C
6

767
141

1 ,0 1 0

112

8

8

2

2

43
1

71
76
2,192
2,701

438
189

2
1

158
178

2

2

353
4'

1

2
1

164
194
1

1
6

2

3S

209
4

8

3

63
72

2

.

9

104
38

1

147
135

1

18

2

314

TABLES,

Total:
95 establishments_
_

133
115

GENERAL

1916
137 60.1 $0.139 $8.37
1918
123 60.1
.177 1 0 .6 6
Connecticut:
4 establishments___ 1916
171 55.0 .203 11.16
1918
148 55.0 .274 15.08
Georgia:
9 establishments___ 1916
119 60.0 .152 9.11
1918
109 60.0 .197 11.83
Maine:
5 establishments___ 1916
314 58.0
.189 10.96
1918
339 54.0 .296 15.96
Massachusetts:
_ 1916 1,132 54.0 .197 1 0 .6 6
2 0 establishments_
.291 15.70
1918 1,225 54.0
New Hampshire:
5 establishments___ 1916
5^4 55.0 .2 0 2 1 1 .1 2
1918
587 54.0 .302 16.33
New York:
H
,2 H
10.99
2 establishments___ 1 < 6
147 54.0
14.42
.267
1918
135 54.0
North Carolina:
8 . 56
17 establishments_
_ 1916
63 60.0 .143
1918
72 60.0 .208 12.50
Khode Island:
161 54.0 .197 10 . 65
3 establishments___ 1016
1918
195 54.0 .305 16.47
South Carolina:
17 establishments_
_ 1916
159 60.0
.134
8.04
180 5 9 .8
.198 11.84
1918
Other States:
5 establishments___ 1916
73 53.9
.159
8.55
1918
76 54.0
.223 12.06

12

12

2

1

536 1,119 1,032

13

64
Cnt

T a b l e B .— AVERAGE

AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS' PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE
FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, IN EACH STATE, BY YEARS, 1916 AND 1918—Continued.

05

MANUFACTURING—Continued.
Employees whose full-time hours per
week were—

8

Over
48
‘to.

Employees whose earnings per hour were—

54

57

and and and
un- under under
57.
60.
dor

60.

Over
60.

54.

9

10
12
14
16
18
30
20
25
U n­ and and and and and and and and and and 40
der un­ un­ under under under under under under under under cts.
and
der der
40
14
16
20
30
18
25
10 12
over.
9
cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts.

HOURS

SPINNERS, M U LE: Male.

Connecticut:

Massachusetts:
7 e s t a b lis h m e n t s ..

Rhode Tsland:

3 e s t a b lis h m e n t s ..

O t h e r S ta tes:
1e s t a b lis h m e n t . .

Total:

17 e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

5 8 .0
5 4 .0

.29 2
.51 4

16.94
27.74

22

5 4 .0
5 4 .0

.39 5
.537

21.34
28.9 8

1916
1918

5 4 .0
5 4 .0

.286
.42 3

15.44
22.84

5 4 .0
5 4.0

.305

.461
.34 5
.487

18.85
2 6.40

19

2

32

30
24

2

40

10

3

9

1

10

1

21
2

98
3

124
56

90
242

71

14

16.45
2 4 .9 0

5 4 .7
5 4 .3

15

52

1916
1918

5

155
147

56
17

2

1916
1918

8
2

5 5 .0 SO.318 $17.48
23.44
.42 6
5 5 .0

1916
1918

1916
1918

155
147

334
303

39

1

1

14

295

39

303

54

21
90
123

34

SPINNERS, FRAME: Male.

Massachusetts:
10 e sta b lis h m e n ts.
New Hampshire:

3 e s t a b lis h m e n t s ..




1916
1918

209
166

1916

52

5 4 .0 $0,1 89 S10.21
5 3 .6
.291
15.63
5 5 .0

.202

11.14

j

|
|

8 j....

_____!

2 no 1
_______________ 1______________ 1_____ <
_____
158
................. ..
.......................... !
2 _____
52 I............' ...............1.............1............ |
...........j..........

8
1

15
4

11

30
3

3G
4

25
7

84
28

32

3

5

13

28

3

LABOR---------------------------------------------------------------------------

3 e s t a b lis h m e n t s ..

10
2

1916
1918

O
F

3 e s t a b lis h m e n t s .

Maine:

AN
D

Aver­ Aver­
age
age
full­
earn­ time
ings weekly U n­
per
hour. earn­ der
ings.

WAGES

State and number of
estaolishments.

AverNum­ age
full­
ber
Year. ofem- time
ploy- hours
per

1918
South Carolina:
14 establishm ents.. . 1916
1918
Other States:
14 establishments.. . 1916
1918

15

54.0

.307

16.55

98
81

60.0
54.6

.092
.150

5.51
8.22

139
73

58.7'
54.7

.164
.258

9.61
14.12

Total:
41 establishments.. . 1916
19i8

489
338

56.6
54.1

.164
.249

9.21
13.50

6

15
98
53

40
2

10

12

18
19

9
14

9
20

9

15

4

9

1

16

91
19

17

2

7

23
47

2
1

16
1

15
3

14
2

7
4

12
3

30
19

13
17

2
20

3

46

284
220

16

189
72

57
2

12
2

14
1

42
21

39
21

56
25

48
23

50
14

142
56

27
56

2
100

17

112
14

62
7

112
8

111
53

123
Cl

40
75

20
65

1
65

1
124

25

i

7

5
1

28
1

41
7

44
6

43
40

4
83

35

30
131

18
138

3
151

15

63
15

184
23

104
110

2
166

261

8

5
865

31

SPINNERS, FRAME: Female.
Alabama:
8 establishments___

Georgia:
12 establishm ents.. .
Maine:
5 establishments___

New Hampshire:
5 establishments___
New York:
2 establishments___

60.1 SO.105
59.0
.169

$6.29
10.00

1916
1918

172
173

55.0
54.4

10.05
14.34

1916
1918

789 60.0
739 ’59.8

.114
.170

7.00
10.14

1916
1918

544
586

.174
.290

10.11
15.57

11

16

29
19

21

544

83
15

204
48

189
116

104
115

1

789
699
570

104
5

6

21

50
1

113
2

1

24
5

55
3

161
13

485
17

544
36

462
365

507

11

673
26

217
162

26
728

311

19

54
5

14
64

1,725
1,758

2
1

1

1

8

1 202
1,260

14
1

51
1

74
6

144
14

215
209

2

1

3

5
2

12
1

27
1

43
7

66
4

55
46

1
115

33

136

60

75

252
26

199
86

100
126

23
136

7
169

1
262

33

6

9

40
1
22
2
285
141

46
31
14
1

4
32
43
7
5
202

2
37
69
26
1
204

2
13
90

1
120

225

16
29
43
7
12
263

24

4

773
£36

1
958
£1
920 1,589
631
708 1,527 2,146 1,278

1,739
1,822

53.9
53.7

.185
.277

9.96
14.84

1916
1918

1.202
1^268

55.0
53.9

.188
.279

10.32
15.04

1916
1918

215
209

54.0
54.0

.183
.266

9-89
14.39

853
844

60.0
58.5

.111
.186

6.65
10.88

118
133
211
272
1,276
1,176

54.0
53.0
54.0
53.8
60.0
£6.5

.141
7.63
.184
9.75
.ICO 10.36
.303 16. S2
.104
6.22
.168
9.78

141

7,706
7, 723

57.2
55.9

.149
.233

14
407

8.42
12.90

558
440

172
162

19

1916
1918

North Carolina:
22 estaolishm ents.. . 1916
1918
Pemisylvania:
4 establishments___ 1916
1918
Rhode Island:
3 establishments___ 1916
1918
South Carolina:
19 establishments. . . 1916
1918
Total:
104 establishm ents.. 1916
1918




58.0
53.8

.183
.264

3

39

853
756

88
14
7

1

118
119
211
265
11
3,6^4
4. C43

1

a
240
15

1,265
1, C
oO
3

3,465
2,9.0

20
a

141
8

147
25

530
Z4

310
£0

428 1,032 1,036
414
49
203

379
65

t

66

19

57

TABLES,

Massachusetts:
20 establishments_
_

5S7
501

GENERAL

Connecticut:
4 establishments___

1916
1918

T a b l e B . —AVERAGE

AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS P E R HOUR, AND AVERAGE
FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, IN EACH STATE, BY YEARS, 1916 AND 1918—Continued.

oo

MANUFACTURING—Continued.
Employees whose earnings per hour were—

9
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
30
25
and and and
40
and and
un­ un­ under under under and and and and and cts.
under under under under under and
der der
12
14
16
18
20
25
30
40
0
10
over.
cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts.

HOURS

DOFFERS: Male.

1916
1918

4 establishments--- 1916
1918
Georgia:
12 establishments. . . 1916
1918
Maine:
3 establishm ents... 1916
1918
Massachusetts:
20 establishments. . . 1916
1918
New Hampshire:
4 establishments--- 1916
1918
New York:
2 establishments--- 1916
1918
North Carolina:
22 establishments.. 1916
1918
Rhode Island:
1916
3 establishments —
1918




324
282

60.2 $0.131
58.8
.189

81 .55.0
73 51.4

$6.42
11.11

.168
.248

306
238

107
20

9.26
12.74

24

497
385

60.0
59.7

.124
.213

7.44
12.73

129
111

58.0
53.8

.158
.278

9.07
14.96

109

491
455

53.3
52.7

.183
.278

9.78
14.68

454
387

10

342
285

55.0
53.4

.184
.301

10.11
16.07

342
278

5

92
77

54.8
54.4

.194
.288

10.62
15.68

511
503

60.0
56.6

.104
.191

8.54
10.84

83
106

54.0
53.7

.197
.337

10.64
18.07

497
358

14

41

29

129

131
2
3

23

100
25
50

18
146
17

12

133

163
19

63
119

131
2

111
6

4

1
511
385

118
'" 4

102

122

70

131

22
21
191
1
110

19
10
105

3
108

28
132
” 33

148

28

36
40

LABOR----------------------------------------------------------------------

Connecticut:

O
F

Alabama:
8 establishments---

AN
D

Employees whose full-time hours per
weej£ were—
Aver­ Average
earn­ time
Over
U n­
ings weekly U n­
48
54
57
and and
per
Over der
earn­ der 48. and under under 60.
hour. ings.
un­
60.
57.
60.
der
cts.
54.

WAGES

State and number of
establishments.

AverNum­ age
full­
ber
Year, of em- time
ploy- hours
per
week.

124794°— 19— Bull. 262

South Carolina:
19 establishments... 1916
1918
Other States:
2 establishments. . . . 1916
1918
Total:
99 establishments... 1916
1918

644
545

60.0
58.1

12

.1 0 0

10.92

g

51.2
53.0

.1 2 1

6 .2 0

3,206
2,831

57.9
56.1

.139
.231

.149

638
478

6

6 .0 2

.188

67
9

7.87

1

8.15
12.89

37
333

9

112

3

85

82

235

1

8

3
s
1,049
1,003.

6

129
" 1

1,964
1,464

348
5

203

212
6

21

629
42

.28

18
'3 0

1

84
52

36
73

4
114

95

4
4

2
2

2

1

3Q
7
116

420
224

35

51

444
303

6

365
337

158

37

4

235
701

41
638

379

2

59

DOFFERS:: Female.

179 58.0 $0,150
53.2
.254

$8.67
13.53

17

183

181 52.2
245 51.9

.168
.258

8.79
13.42

38
60

143
185

144 55.0
171 54.0

.179
.273

9.85
14.77

30 53.7
3D 53.7

.125
. lt>8

6.76
9.04

55.0
47.2

,153
.2.9

8.40
10.33

7

537 55.0
655 52.8

. if 2
.256

8.92
13.56

38
85

200

3
9

179

1

16
13

39

82

59

58
3

51
7

3
98

2

116

18

3

22

1

144
171
2

42
26

20
1

39

35

22

1

14 * 14
21
87

30

9

8

7
13

1
6

11

1

14

28
29

7

3

1

318
570

140
14

140
57

118
46

6
68

52

1

5

18
19

3
40

28

179

16

72
1

39

......... )'

3

2

2

6

......... 1
........

8

23
166

16
285

21

12

3

19
18

1

. i...
87
12

TABLES.

Total:
19 establishments.. . 1915
1918

[
. 1

-• • • .*

GENERAL

Maine:
4 establishments___ 1916
1918
Massachusetts:
7 establishments___ 1916
1918
New Hampshire:
3 establishments----- 1916
1918
Pennsylvania:
4 establishments___ 1916
1918
Other States:
1918
1 establishment .
1918

12

10 2

33

SPOOLER TENDERS: Female.

Alabama:
8 establishments..
Connecticut:
4 establishments..
Georeia:
1 2 establishments.
Maine:
5 establishments..




CO $0,098
.O
59.8
.144

$5.88
8.63

55.0
53.6

. 1 *2
.225

8.92
12.06

1916
1918

380 eo.o
3u6 59.8

.105
.154

6.29
9.21

1916
1918

270 58.0
282 53.9

.153
.245

8.87
13.23

1916
1918

. 314
280

1916
1918

100

114

5

1

306
2^5

8

9

71
9

44
5

1

71
‘ ."4
.

49
5

64
23

93
39

34
74

9
65

3

6

1

24

95

57
32
13 • 18

98

16

380
3u2

4
I...,

280

2

23
5

100

2

42
13

270

8

14

41

16

1

2

41

5

1

104

30

1

10

104

4

C
O

T a b l e B*— AVERAGE

AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE
FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, IN EACH STATE, BY YEARS, 1916 AND i918—Continued.

c*

°

MANUFACTURING—Continued.
Employees whose earnings per hour were—

9
14
10
12
16
20
18
30
and and and and and and and j 25
40
I and and cts.
un­ under
under under under iunder under under under and
der
14
12
16
18
20
30
40 over.
25
10
cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts.

HOURS

SPOOLER TENDERS:: Female—Concluded.




53.8 $0.If 9
.252
53.3

f9 .ll
13.34

15
63

464
525

55.0
54.0

.178
.264

9.78
14.25

77
85

54.0
54.0

.190
.237

10.25
12.79

462
475

60.0
59.6

.110
.168

6.58
10.00

57
65

53.9
54.2

.132
.166

7.12
8.99

122
108

54.0
53.8

.163
.237

8.83
12.76

571
549

60.0
58.6

.094
.149

5.66
8.71

46

3,662
3,750

57.2
56.2

.137
.207

7.73
11.46

15
152

33

464
524

1

3

4
1

59
1

97
8

205
25

194
50

117
66

148
340

16
232

1
174

1

1

830
805

3

16
1

40
5

71
7

94
13

113
28

121
131

5
213

127

2

4
4

11
3

12
5

20
8

24
26

4
25

13
1

77
85
12
1

1
462
459

56
64

1

39
1

67

151
33

106
80

35
107

12
93

1
70

73

17

1

1
1

8
1

28
5

13
27

6
10

8

11

1

8

4
1

51

20

8
1

52
8

21
8

13
43

41

7
3
2
370

122
106

2

5

1
33

1,654
1,966

140
15

566
503
270
1

1,714
1,589

8
9

4

104
9

115
13

141
90

52
113

14
116

4
90

47

47

1
6

337
29

247
20

298
52

625
212

495
336

515
441

460
421

326
332

329
869

28
663

5

LABOR----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Total:
104 establishments.. 1916
1918

845
901

O
F

Massachusetts:
20 establishments. . . 1916
1918
New Hampshire:
5 establishments___ 1916
1918
New York:
2 establishments--- 1916
1918
North Carolina:
22 establishments... 1916
1918
Pennsylvania:
4 establishments--- 1916
1918
Rhode Island:
3 establishments--- 1916
1918
South Carolina:
19 establishments... 1916
1918

AN
D

8
and
un­
der
9
cts.

WAGES

State and number of
establishments.

Employees whose full-time hours per
week were—
Aver­ Aver­ Aver­
Num­ age
age
age
ber
full­
full­
Over
Year. of em­ time earn­ time
54
57
48
U n­
ploy­ hours ings weekly U n­
and and
per
Over der
ees.
per hour. earn­ der 48. and under under 60.
60.
8
un­
week.
48.
ings.
57.
60.
cts.
der
54.

WARPER TENDERS: Male.
North Carolina:
17 establishm ents.. . 1916
1918
Other States:
8 establishments___ 1916
1918
Total:
25 establishm ents.. .

1916
1918

52
53

60.0 $0.160
60.0
.236

23
24

58.2
58.8

212
.268

59.4
59.6

176
.247

8
1

21
1

10
1

5
4

6
29

15

2

16
19

1

1

3

6
2

1

2
6

7
8

2
7

1

7
5

10 41
14.71

2

7
5

12 29
15.97

75
77

52
53

68
72

3

9
1

24
1

16
3

6
4

8
35

7
23

2
9

1

4

8
2

4
1

3
11

5
4

10

1

2

3

12
3

1
2

3
11

4
1

2
8

16
1

8
7

9
8

2
13

8

2

6

7

14
2

15

14
14

24

18

7

18

53

52
4

43
57

10
88

3
54

5

3

13

17

22
2

51
22

10
45

46

3

13

4

7

2

S9.58
14.14

W ARPER T END ER S: Female.




1916
1918

60.2 $0,149
60.1
.200

$8.96
11.93

1

25
26

55.0
55.0

.201
.262

11.08
14.15

42
40

60.0
60.0

.140
.184

8.37
11.04

57
58

58.0
54.0

.182
.273

10.52
14.75

58

186
208

54.0
53.9

.192
.275

10.38
14.80

55.0
54.0

.201
.293

11.05
15.71

17
17

60.0
60.0

.130
.196

7.82
11.78

23
24

54.0
54.0

.214
.301

11.57
16.27

1

23
24

43
41

59.9
60.0

.134
.198

8.00
11.91

1
1

1

28
22

54.0
54.0

.184
.238

10.31
11.90

i

2
2

186
201

117
118

22
28

28
22

562
585

56.0
55.3

.182
.259

10.15
14.20

25
26
7
1

42
40

1

6

1

57

1

117
118
17
17

|
1

6

380
449

1

11

15
2
4

57
1

123
126

2
2

2

23
1

72
5

8
2
5
1 ,
70
11

6

2

3

1
42
41

6

6
1

15
3

1
11

12

1
7

6

1

11 i
5

i
9

1
2

26
190

6
138

1

7
11
3
5

3

119
46

106
44

138
1C9

11

TABLES.

Total:
78 establishm ents.. .

24
31

GENERAL

Alabama:
7 establishments___ 1916
1918
Connecticut:
4 establishments___ 1916
1918
Georgia:
10 establishm ents.. . 1916
1918
Maine:
4 establishments___ 1916
1918
Massachusetts:
20 establishm ents... 1916
1918
New Hampshire:
5 establishments___ 1916
1918
North Carolina:
7 establishments___ 1916
1918
Rhode Island:
3 establishments___ 1916
1918
South Carolina:
14 establishm ents.. . 1916
1918
Other States:
4 establishments___ 1916
1918

T a b l e B .— AVERAGE

AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE
FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, IN EACH STATE, BY YEARS, 1916 AND 1918—Continued.

CN
to

MANUFACTURING—Continued.
Employees whose earnings per hour were—

8
and
undjr
9
cts.

9
16
20,
10
18.
12
14
25
30
and and and and and and and and I and 40
un- under under under under under under under under cts.
30
dar
12
14
16
18
20
40 and
25
10 cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. over.
cts.

HOURS

BEAMER TENDERS: Male.

2

3

6

33
1

152
7

2
141

22
1

20
2

33
13

3
31

27

13

1

6
1

10
2

4
7

14
15

9

9

25
1

29
3

49
15

40
39

166
49

2
163

9

10

1
1

1
2

2
22

2

2

1

39
3

13

6
3

2
40

8

7

1

44

2

37

7

198
149

89
87

60.0
60.1

.191
.300

11.47
18.47

41
3*

57.2
57.3

.238
.338

13.43
19.24

21
17

328 5 6 .0
270. 56.4

.271
.405

15.01
22.65

219
166

109
103

I

1

20
.17

1

9

6

1

7

1

SLASHER TENDERS: Male.

Alabama: .
7 establishments

1916
1918
Georgia:
, 11 establishm ents.... 1916
1918
Maine:
5 establishm ents..... 1916:
1918




24
29

60.1 SO 145
.
60.0
.216

$8; 69
12.96

23
28

63
62

60.0
60.0

9.26
14.25

63
62

46
44

58.0
54.0

. 154
.236
.237
.374

13.74
20.17

44

46

1
1

1
5

LABOR--------------------------------------------------------------------------

1P16
1918

54.0 $0,367 $16.92
54.0
.479 25.87

O
F

im

Total:
23 establishm ents.. .

198
149

C<
>£
OO
CC

Massachusetts:
8 establishments....... 1916
1918
North Carolina:
7 establishments--- 1916
1918
Other States:
7 establishments___ 1916

AN
D

Employees whose full-time hours per
week were—
Aver­ Aver­ Aver­
age
age
age
full­ earn­ full­
time ings time
Over
hours per weekly U n­
54
57
U n­
48
60.
Over der
per hour. earn­ der 48. and and and
60.
week.
48.
un­ under under
8
ings.
57.
60.
cts.
der
54.

WAGES

State and number of
establishments.

N um ­
ber
Year. of em­
ploy­
ees.

Massachusetts:

20 establishments..

New Hampshire:
5 establishments..,
North Carolina:

20 establishments.,
South Carolina:

18 establishments..
Other States:
10 establishments..

1916
1918

155
158

54.0
54.0

.286
.415

15.47
21.86

156
158

1916
1918

108
108

55.0
54.0

.332
.456

18.28
24.62

108

1916
1918

57
64

60.0
60.2

.179
.245

10.77
14.74

57
63

1916
1918

72
80

60.0
60.6

.137
.206

8.21
12.35

72
80

1916
1918

55
55

54.3
54.5

.274
.378

14.86
20.61

54

1916
1918

581
600

56.8
56.6

.241
.342

13.48
18.87

319
364

20

55

18
9

26

25
7

7
12

1

Total:

96 establishments..

13

2

44
1

39
40

7
1

21
16

35

3

23

1
25

12

1

4
2

37
6

9
25

22

174
64

93
171

23
199

8
18

8

23
67

45

67
10

45
22

20
29

95
105

2

9
1

9
2

4
13

6

3

2
4

2

4

5
2

5
1

12
6

12
8

16
5

23
10

3
11

2
6

4
10

2
6

2
4

3

7

22
2

14
1

13
6

3
23

16

9

5

18
2

22
3

40
9

44
8

106
54

52
70

19
96

*42

3

3

13

18
6

36
5

63
23

38
46

4
79

19

9
1

19

10
5

2
6

11

1
9

2

2

8
1

7
3

6
1

8
8

7

5
2

20
11

GENERAL

14

5

215
233

5

1

46

1
3

1

5

9

1

45
56 " i0 2

1

108

91

DRAW ERS-IN: Female.
Alabama:
7 establishments...... 1916

60.3 $0,123
60.2
.162

$7.39
9.76

1918

49
43

55.0
54.5

.232
.326

12.75
17.84

1918

59
52

60.0
60.0

.131
.169

7.86
10.12

1918

67
57

58.0
54.0

.180
.308

10.41
16.61

1918

307
284

53.9
53.7

.215
.303

11.58
16.26

178

55.0

178

54.0

.214
.312

11.77
16.85

1918

45
36

60.0
60.0

.128
.200

7.66
12.01

1916
1918

35
15

54.0
54.0

.172
.209

9.27
11.31

35
15

3

3

3 establishments___ 1916
1918

49
51

54.0
54.0

.213
.280

11,49
15.15

49
51

3
1

2
1

Maine:
5 establishments...... 1916
Massachusetts:
19 establishments. . . 1916
New Hampshire:
5 establishments___

1916
1918

North Carolina:
12 establishments. . . 1916
Pennsylvania:
3 establishments___
Rhode Island:




49
41

2

59
52
57
2
8

3

8

1

2

4

67
1

305
268
178
178
2

45
36

1

2

1

i

TABLES,

1
1

33
30

Georgia:
11 establishments.... 1916

27
27

3
3

1918

Connecticut:
4 establishments...... 1916

2
12
13 T 15

5

Crr
00

T a b l e B .— AVERAGE

AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE
FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, IN EACH STATE, BY YEARS, 1916 AND 1918—Continued.
MANUFACTURING—Continued.
Employees whose earnings per hour were—

DRAWERS-IN: Female—Concluded.

HOURS

8
9
30
10
12
14
16
18
20
25
40
U n­ and and and
and and and and and and and
der un­ un­ under under under under under under under under cts.
and
der der
40
30
12
14
18
20
16
25
Q
10
cts.
U
cts. over.
cts. cts. cts.- cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts.

AN
D

Employees whose full-time hours per
week were—
AverAver­
age
fu f
earn­ time
Over
ings weekly U n­
48
54
57
per
and
Over
earn­ der 48. and under and
hour. ings.
un­
under 60.
48.
der
57.
60.
54.

WAGES

State and number of
establishments.

AverNum­ age
ber
full­
Year. of cm- time
pi°y- hours
per
week.

j
60.0 $0.135
.179
59.6

$8.12
10.67

10
8

54.0
54.0

.231
.315

12.47
16.99

9*6
825

56.0
55.1

.191

10.47

.263

15.41

3

6

26
5

23
5

12
18

8
21

10
8
2
12

626

8

618

I

.

67

228

184

3
3

9
1

8
1

15

80
13

105
20

2
11

9
4

3
3

3

I

2
1

5

97
69

2

6

2
3

3

1

83
52

111
62

118
54

242
131

124
174

2

17

31

129
26

51

81

15

83
11 * ’*79

31
232 '**85

LOOM FIXERS: M ale.
Alabama:
8 establishments...... 1916
1918
Connecticut:
4 establishments___ 1916
1918
Georgia:
12 establishments.... 1916
1918
Maine:
5 establishments . . . 1916
1918




179
158

60.1 $0.198 $11.85
60.2
.284 17.11

98
90

55.0
55.1

.337
.452

18.56
24.89

205
230

60.0
60.0

. 193
.270

11.56
16.20

208
206

58.0
54.0

.278
.444

16.13
23.99

1

175
151

98
89

1
205
230

206

4
6

208

66

9

130
63

132

27

8

8

170

30
6

200

LABOR-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Total:
86 establishments. . . 1916
1918

97
71

O
F

South Carolina:
16 establishments. . . 1916
1918
Other States:
1 establishment....... 1916
1918

Total:
102 establishments.. 1916
1918

2,776
2,703

54.0
54.0

.315
.455

16.99
24.59

55.0
54.0

.325
.463

17.87
25.02

.302
.418

16.60
22.69

57
54

60.0
60.0

.189
.286

11.36
17.16

54.0
54.0

.332
.503

17.91
27.14

161
182

60.3
61.1

.193
.275

11.67
16.79

3

54.6
54.0

.248
.321

13.50
17.32

36
34

56.8
56.4

.270
.391

15.17
21.80

1,543
1,702

1

10
3
7

259
270

80

77

1

99

568
28

623

42

451
30

4
457

7

518
487

54.9
54.3

3
21

670
650

12

88
51

7
100

2

15

11

48

118

46
1

144
4 * ‘i77

208
1

972
904

49
89

4

53
96

13

88

46

230
54

7
239

39

6

2

323
249

4

11

11
11

8
22

1

253

167
1

629
194

378 1,332
572 1,006

4
930

125
22

152
48

1

TABLES.

WEAVERS: M ale.
Alabama:
8 establishments___ 1916
1918
Connecticut:
4 establishments___ 1916
1918
Georgia:
12 establishments. . . 1916
1918
Maine:
5 establishments___ 1916
1918
Massachusetts:
20 establishments. . . 1916
1918
New Hampshire:
5 establishments___ 1916
1918
New York:
2 establishments. . . . 1916
1918




494
331

60.0 $0.163
60.0
.235

$9.75
14.10

1

365
363

55.0
54.9

.250
.339

13. 73
18.56

5

782
618

60.0
60.0

.161
.218

674
588

58.0
53.9

.235
.382

13.61
20.63

3

585

2,844
2,410

53.9
53.9

.225
.327

12.16
17.63

19
20

55.0
54.0

.235
.344

12.95
18.55

1,565
1,029

260
197

55.7
54.4

.229
.333

12.76
18.09

186
178

365
358

3
3

2
1

782
618

1
1

2

1

674

2

19

74

85
16

7
1

6
5

62
9

175
17

166
40

3

2
1

81
20

2

2,825
2,390

1,565
1,029

491
324

76
5

13

32

28
3

9.64
13.07

3

58
6

148

6

22

29
1

1

2

14
1

79

229
24

110

94
230

233
53

41
202

115

240
28

165
73

GENERAL

Massachusetts:
20 es ta bdshments.... 1916
670
1918 • 651
New Hampshire:
5 estabxishments___ 1916
518
1918
487
New York:
2 establishments___ 1916
67
1918
57
North Carolina:
21 establishments. . . 1916
259
1918
270
Rhode Island:
3 establishments___ 1916
161
1918
182
South Carolina:
375
18 establishments. . . 1916
1918
338
Other States:
4 establishments___ 1916
36
1918
34

47
259

244

389 1,186
213

182
610
632 1,138

14

120
6

757
53

489
182

67

106
5

25

5
156

C7I
Ol

T a b l e B .— AVERAGE

AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOUES PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE
FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, IN EACH STATE, BY YEARS, 1916 AND 1918-Continued.

Ot
05

MANUFACTURING—Continued.
Employees whose earnings per hour were—

WEAVERS: M ale—Concluded.

Rhode Island:
3 establishments. . .
South Carolina:
18 establishments..
Total:
100 establishments.

1,266
1,099

1916
1918

70

19*6
1918
1916
191$

60.0 ?0.167 110.09
59.8
.251 15.03

1,266
1,092

.187
.222
.245
359

13.24
19.38

.153

9.19
13.89
11.54
16.81

5,621
5,151

322

59

53

1,360
999

59.9
59.9

1916 10,279
1918 1,250

56 7
56.2

.232

.205

.302

554

12
376

2
182

24
25

2
12

1
5

182
30

192.
61

102
271

2
167

151
111

96
385

6
214

112

8

5

985

193.
5

275

3,959
3,019

457
33

801 1,173 1,271 1,281 3,014 1,805
19
452
153
283
365 1,454 1,797 3,008 1,056
90

1,346

674
22

3D

363

13*3
364

45.
10

14

303
33

10.08
11.87

599. 54.0
557 53.9

11

295
65
13
7

53.8
53.4

14$

276
82

GOODS,




1916
1918

LABOR-^tfOTTON

Pennsylvania:
2 establishments. . .

O
F

North Carolina:
21 establishments..

HOURS

9
10
12
14
16
18
20
30
25
and and and and and
and and and and 40 ,
ununder under under under under under under under cts.
d3r
12
14
16
18
20
30
40 and
25
10
over.
cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts.

AN
D

8
and
UIldar
Q
u
cts.

WAGES

State and number of
establishments.

Employees whose full-time hours per
week were—
Aver- Aver­ Aver­
Num­ & e
age
%
age
ber
full­
full­
Over
Year. ofem- time earn­ time
U n­
48
54 . 57
ploy- hours ings weekly U n­
per
Over der
A
n
earn­ der So. and and and
per
60.
un­ under under pu.
8
week. hour. ings.
48.
60.
cts.
der
57.
54.

WEAVERS: Female.

312
426

335 6 ^ .2 S . 147 $8.87
O
471 60.2
.190 11.42
425
3,5

55.0
54.9

.2 2 2

1 2 .2 1

.304

16.67

581
629

60.0
59.9

.144
.187

1 1 .2 2

793 58.0
660 53.9

.234
.341

11.85
18.41

30
4

82
64
11
2

19
197

57

5

27

62

148

127
4

305
57

95
128

16
322

147

458
44

486
66
851 1,759
7
-1 475 1,237 1,722.

202

181

327 1,557
55 282

7
227

2

226
183

.151
.2 2 1

9.05
13.21
9.11
10.98

202
2.0

12.07
. 3 5 17.78
<3

604
584

54.0
54.0

.2 1 1

211

53.9
54.0

.169
.213

604
531

54.0
53.9

623
683

60.0
59.4

.140
.2 0 0

8.42
II .8 0

establishments.. 1916 11,546
1918 i0,945

55.7
55.3

.231
.2o5

15.64

7

254
15

20

685
65
595 1,394

45
3

105
24

36
58

98
108

28
293

1

177

43

19
4

53
31

36
40

23

8

66

26

19

21
5

20
7

63

51

6

12

223
52

118
80

60
232

140
11

192
23

91
123

31
118

252

558
73

853
201

1

689
759

105
2

623
658

'22

3

1

66

17

20

.2 2 1

141
13

1

138
22

2!0
68

151
63

108

1

96

3
125

12

63

11

,138 1,323 ’ ,683 ■205 ,535
,
351
43o
566 x, bo7 J,5o0

1 ,1 0 1

1

Total:
101




1 1 .1 2

25
111

1,519
1,324

793

2,182
2, 4qo

23
45

230

16
721

TABLES,

11.41
16.12

226
183

86

3
18

13

793
25
45

1

;9
181

105

42
114

.2J9

.226
.319

6

148
70

75

15

55.0
54.0

49

1
20

1

51

101

2,9
2,581

2,988
2,581

23
117

113
91

12.42
17.18

11.13
16.34

26
55

182
62

78
4

.206
.303

49
61
51
7

65

103
21

561
622

4,071
3,740

53.9
53.9

206

425
370

8.67

4,096
3,785

689 60.0
779 59.6

23
45

GENERAL

Alabama:
8 establishments----- 1916
1918
Connecticut:
4 establishments___ 1916
1918
Georgia:
12 establishments.. . 1916
1918
Maine:
5 establishments___ 1916
1918
Massachusetts:
2 0 eitaolishments... 1916
19x8
New Hampshire:
5 establishments___ 1916
1918
New York:
2 establishments___ 1916
1918
North Carolina:
21 establishments... 1916
1918
Pennsylvania:
3 es.ao.Lhments.. . . 1916
19x8
Rhode Is'and:
3eotao.isaments___ 1916
1918
South Carolina:
18 establishments... 1916
1918

T able

B.—
AVERAGE

AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE
FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, IN EACH STATE, BY YEARS, 1916 AND 1918~-Contimied.

Cn
OO

MANUFACTURING—Continued.
Employees whose full-time hours per
week were—

Employees whose earnings per hour were—

Over
48
48.

54

57

and and and
un­ under under
der
60.
57.

60.

Over
60.

TRIMMERS OR INSPECTORS: Female.

Georgia:
10 establishm ents. .
Maine:
5 establishments--Massachusetts:
20 establishm ents...

North Carolina:
1 1 establishm ents...
Rhode Island:
2establishments--South Carolina:
14 establishm ents...




68
81

6 0 .4
6 0 .2

$0,096
.1 3 9

$ 5 .8 2
8 .3 6

1916
1918

42
43

5 5 .0
5 4 .8

.14 9

.200

8 .1 7
1 0.98

w
1918

817
79

5 9 .8
'6 0 .0

.0 9 7
.1 3 6

5 .7 8
8 .1 5

1916
1918

161
190

5 8 .0
5 4 .0

.1 1 8
.1 8 7

10.0 8

190

1916
1918

267
347

5 3 .6
5 3 .6

.1 5 0
.2 0 8

8.01
11.34

251
333

19&6
1918

123
118

5 5 .0
5 4 .0

.17 1
.23 6

9 .4 2
1 2 .8 2

1916
1918

43
54

6 0 .0
5 9 .2

.100

6.02

.1 4 2

8 .4 2

1916
1918

38
48

5 4 .0
5 4 .0

.1 6 7
.233

9 .0 2
1 2.57

1916
1918

115
148

6 0 .0
5 8 .7

.0 8 6
.1 3 2

5 .1 3
7 .6 2

58
75

1

10
6

4

11

37

5

26

11

11

3
41

2
18

64

89

8

27

6

42
42

6.86

23

20

30

2

120
21

123
118
43
51

1

15

1

15
16

30

34
3

24
5

25
37

2

1
1

109

35

68

34

35
94

4
150

30

21

30

24
91

21

17

5

6

1

6

4

6

71

27

11
9

38
48
115
135

6

22

8

19

46

79
79

161

3

3

24

8

16
14

7
30
5

19

2
34

57

i2

6

1

36

1

10

3

2

GOODS.

New Hampshire:
5 establishments---

1916
1918

LABOR— COTTON

Connecticut:
4 establishments---

O
F

Alabama:
8 establishments---

HOURS

54.

9
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
30
25
U n­ and and and and and and and and and and
40
der un­ un­ under under under under under under under under cts.
der der
and
14
12
16
20
30
18
25
40 over.
10
9
cts.
cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts.

AN
D

Aver­ Aver­
age
age
full­
earn­ time
ings weekly Un­
per
hour. earn- der
48.

WAGES

State and number of
establishments.

Aver­
Num­ age
ber
full­
Year. of em­ time
ploy­ hours
per
ees.
week.

1

Other States:
4 establishments___

1916
1918

27
30

54.0
54.0

.140
.185

7.55
9.99

Total:
83 establishm ents... 1916
1918

971
1,138

56.7
55.6

.129
.184

7.25
10.21

27
30
16
31

481
761

16

169

295
340

10
6

11
7

2

10

11

43

91
3

56
5

163
70

274
114

167
136

72
144

69
255

35
350

1
55

4

2

OTHER EMPLOYEES:: M ale.

103
125

206
14

48
6

88
9

794
40

391
188

228
518

141
299

48
164

112
308

53
132

35
130

37
55

8
3

23
26

2

1

7

10

39
1

52
2

174
6

136
21

169
259

89
168

90
152

12
114

2,636
2,150

34
71

178
14

92
3

106
11

800
74

693
298

250
525

195
307

27
264

173
431

87
160

38
134

31
58

1,948
2

1
5

38
57

4

2

2

80
3

263
1

485
1

353
7

194
59

307
443

175
513

77
527

45
245

5,182
4,917

9
38

13
50

242
300

48

28
2

64
4

112
9

307
17

654 1,184
67
114

5,361
5,011

5
29

147
201

291
309

27
2

14
1

3
1

22
3

147
8

559
312 1,437 1,244 1,231
718
90
25
9
786 2,064 1,558 1,170
61

63
48

34
24

2,729
2,539

85
69

245
6

68
7

75
8

?8.12
11.80

64

781
723

55.7
55.1

.211
.299

11.76
16.45

58

2,670
2,279

60.2
60.2

.135
.198

8.12
11.99

58

1,987
1,799

58.3
54.3

.188
.305

10.97
16.57

98

1

1,636

5,662
5,808

54.7
54.5

.207
.311

11.36
16.98

216
502

1

5,804
5,688

56.0
55.1

.215
.329

12.07
18.15

135

2

542
545

56.1
55.7

.208
.278

11.65
15.44

2,829
2,735

60.5
60.1

.131
.206

7.92
12.42

374
355

54.6
55.0

.186
.254

10.15
13.95

2

872
958

54.7
54.4

.213
.336

11.65
18.29

3,693
2,939

60.5
60.2

.125
.184

7.55
11.10

Total:
105 establishm ents.. 1916 27,395
1918 25,692

57.7
56.8

.176
.270

10.05
220
15.19 1,124

12
750
636

1

445
473
2
76 ::::

18
1

119
4

143
21

66
13

83
269

58
79

41
109

13
49

877
52

775
162

327
473

171
462

32
311

139
708

48
298

46
169

26
79

1
2

1
14

24

337
336

3
1

10
16

1

1

6

34
4

46
9

38
9

67
17

45
41

82
112

29
86

24
63

1
14

34

840
891

14
10

18
23

8

6

4

15
2

47
3

125
4

98
9

167
17

174
148

115
258

100
293

13
224

2
97

18

3,558
2,718

115
124

460
17

194
6

217 1,397
16
78

404
546

317
623

273
458

71
282

212
477

40
271

47
154

61
11

25 12,934 1,973 11,250
993 1,179
116 9,387 1,144
3 13,914
53

454
25

573 4,141 3,130 2,907 4,236 2,995 3,712 1,946 1,614
508
265 1,234 2,235 1,725 1,397 5,142 5,790 4,719 3,058
49

....

11
35

1

557
179
965 1,030
534
164 1,201 1,761 1,430 1,030

TABLES,

2,078
1,662

60.4 $0,134
60.2
.195




2,181
1,863

GENERAL

Alabama:
8 establishments___ 1916
1918
Connecticut:
4 establishments___ 1916
1918
Georgia:
12 establishm ents... 1916
1918
Maine:
5 establishments___ 1916
1918
Massachusetts:
20 establishments. . . 1916
1918
New Hampshire:
1916
5 establishments
1918
New York:
2 establishments___ 1916
1918
North Carolina:
22 establishm ents... 1916
1918
Pennsylvania:
5 establishments___ 1916
1918
Rhode Island:
3 establishments___ 1916
1918
South Carolina:
19 establishm ents... 1916
1918

o\

T able

B.—
AVERAGE

AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE
FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, IN EACH STATE, BY YEARS, 1916 AND 1918—Concluded.

OS
©

MANUFACTURING—Concluded.

Employees whose earnings per hour were—

Connecticut:
4 establishments. . .
Georda:
10 establishm ents..
Maine:
5 establishments___
Massachusetts:
20 establishments..

North Carolina:
22 establishm ents...
Pennsylvania:
5 establishments___
Rhode Island:
3 establishments___




25
21

44
22

13

2
1

6
1

65
20

24
3

14
8

14
4

7

18

1,803
1,947

65
10

46
5

92
9

1,564
1,577

56
4

7
5

8
2

133
23

42
15

39
28

6

4

11
2

15

5
1

12
1

312
400

.
60. J SO 080
.122

$4.82
7.15

1916
1918

189
177

55.0
53.5

.153
.219

8.42
11.71

26

1916
1918

206
344

60.0
57.3

.097
.146

5.82
8.43

63

1916
1918

303
290

58.0
53.4

.140
.225

8.12
12.03

20

270

1916
1918

1,954
2,224

53.3
52.9

.156
.275

8.57
14.60

151
270

1916
1918

1,565
1,756

54.9
53.3

.166
.235

9.13
12.53

1
153

1916
1918

433
476

60.0
58.1

.143

5.61
8.36

1916
1918

227
138

53.9
53.9

,133
.179

7.18
9.64

222
137

1916
1918

183
167

54.0
53.2

.145
.229

7.83
12.21

152

349

43
189
151

206
280
303

433
417

51
108

15

30

55

72
43

83

67

132
85

301
49

453
78

230
1*8

394

178
905

39
466

357
35

151
18

287
30

206
C
O

376

193
646

16
501

271

29

27

3
13
4
162

11
20

GOODS.

N ew Hampshire:
5 establishments—

28

170
34

1916
1918

OF' LABOR— COTTON

Alabama:
8 establishm ents...

HOUBS

OTHER EMPLOYEES: Female.

AT
SD

9
8
12
16
20
30
14
18
25
Un­ and and 10
40
and and and and and and and
der un­ un­ under under under under under under under and cts.
under and
der der
12
14
16
18
20
25
30
40 over.
Q
a
10
cts.
cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts.

WAGES

State and number of
establishments.

Employees whose full-time hours per
week were—
Aver­ Aver­ Aver­
age
age
Num­ age
full­ earn­ full­
ber
Over
48
57
Year. of em­ time ings time Un­
54
C . Over
O
ploy­ hours per weekly der 48. and and and
un­ under under
60.
ees.
per hour. earn­ 48.
week.
ings.
der
57.
60.
54.

South Carolina:
18 establishm ents... 1916
191$
Other States:
1 establishment........ 1916
1918
Total: .
101 establishm ents.. 1916
1918

60^0
59.2

.080
.145

4.82
8.60

109
94

54.0
54.0

.147
.200

7.94
10.81

5,913
6,349

55.7
54.4

.140
.224

7.82
12.06

203
9

109
94
153
665 'ii'

5
19

4,070
4,328

303

1,355
1,314

28
9

45
3

1

432
268

15

4

741
104

211
54

34
2

97
38

33
98

16
56

2
32

16

2
$7

2

56

17

21
44

3
2

1
37

6
2

6

677 1,018
435
325

972
479

551
5^3

882
4C3
67
776 1,932 1,123

8
468

3
278
75

15
35

GENERAL
TABLES,




f
432
283

T able

C.—AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULLTIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS, BY STATES, 1918.

bO

MANUFACTURING.
Employees whose full-time hours
per week were—
Aver­
Aver­ age
age full­
Over 54
earn­ time
57
U n­
48
ings week­ Un­
and and and
per
ly
60. Over der
60.
hour. earn­ der 48. un­ un­ un­
cts.
ings. 48.
der der der
60.
57.
54.

Employees whose earnings per hour were—
8
and
un­
der
10
cts.

10
and
un­
der
12
cts.

12
and
un­
der
14
cts.

18
and
un­
der
20
cts.

16
and
un­
der
18
cts.

14
and
un­
der
16
cts.

20
and
un­
der
25
cts.

25
and
un­
der
30
cts.

30
and
un­
der
40
cts.

40
and
un­
der
50
cts.

50
and
un­
der
60
cts.

HOURS

CARD STRIPPERS: Male.
1
8

1
25

60.0 $0.167 $10.02
60.3
.197 11.86

1
21

4

5

1
5

3

11

1

T otal..

8

26

60.3

.196 11.79

22

4

5

6

3

11

1

Piece..
Tim e..

2
12

3
70

60.0
60.0

.163 9.80
.192 11.52

3
69

1

2

2
7

15

1
27

10

8

T otal..

12

73

60.0

.191 11.45

72

1

2

9

15

28

10

8

1

Maine.................
Massachusetts...
New Hampshire
New York.........

Tim e..
Time..
Time..
Time..

5
20
5
2

62
212
112
24

53.7
54.4
54.1
54.0

.264
.303
.311
.316

44
15
4
7

6
116
49
6

8
69
57
7

North Carolina..

Piece..
Time..

2
20

8
64

60.0
60.0

.188 11.30
.205 12.29

8
64

9

1

T otal..

22

72

60.0

.203 12.18

72

Rhode Island. . .

Tim e..

3

36

54.1

.322 17.39

South Carolina..

Piece..
Tim e..

2
19

3
51

60.0
60.0

.168 10.08
.189 11.35

3
51

T otal..

20

54

60.0

.188 11.28

54

48

54.5

.283 15.41 1




Tim e..

9 1

2

1

1 ....... 1........

60
202
110
24

33

2
2

8

1
3

20

5
15

2
16

’4

20

20

18

9

1

2

13

17

6

1

6

2
1

1
2

1
7

18

6

1
10

1

3

8

18

6

11

I

j

4
11
2
3

I

1
I

1 1 13 1 20

1
14 i

4

1
1

GOODS,

Other States___

14.16
16.51
16.85
17.05

1

LABOR— COTTON

Georgia..............

O
F

Piece..
Time..

Alabama............

60
cts.
and
over.

AN
D

Aver­
Num ­ N um ­ age
ber of ber of full­
estab­ em­ tim e
lish­ ploy­ hours
ments . ees.
per
wee£..

WAGES

State.

Piece
worker!
or
tim e
work­
ers.

All States................... Piece..
Tim e..

7
103

15 I 60.0
704 1 56.0

.1 7 8 1 .67
.269 14.93

4

476

15
211

13

1

1
4

4
22

1
58

6 j 3
52 1 32

234

175

24

2

T o ta l..

106

719

.267 14.84

4

476

226

13

1

5

26

59

58

234

175

24

2

5

3

4

2

56.1

135

DRAWING-FRAME TENDERS: M ale.
1
14

1
12

9.81

13

2

.183 10.97
.159 9.56

14
61

11

75

60.0

.164

Piece..
Time..

1
3

1
11

75

3

12

Piece..
Tim e..

1
12

5
72

13

77

Piece..
Tim e..

1
2
3

9.82

1
3

4

2

2
21

5
9

3
4

2
10

1

5

1
12

5

13

23

14

7

12

1

1
3

6

1

1
10

1

11

1

.203 10.96
.255 13.60

1

53.3

.251 13.38

1

54.0
54.4

.253 13.68
.248 13.52

54.4

.247 13.44

1
18

54.0
54.0

.344 18.58
.256 13.84

1
18

19

S4.0

.261 14.09

19

Piece..
Tim e.,

6
19

46
77

54.0
53.2

60.0
60.1

.225 13.47
.194 11.66

____

69

123

60.0

.206 12.34

1

3

16

49.o

.276 13.75

8

South Carolina...

Piece..
Tim e..

4
16

29
110

60.0
56.7

.187 11.24
.155 8.87

T o ta l..

20

139

57.4

.162

9.37

Other States.

Tim e..

5

39

54.2

.223 12.10

1

Piece..
Tim e..

16
74

97
418

59.6
56.8

.210 12.51
.197 11.08

39

7
138

1

1

3
2

1

5

38

A ll States____




T otal..

84

515

57.3

.199 11.37

9

6

36

22
_
8

1
1

8

2
15

19
35

8
1

17

15

54

9

5

11

1

1

114

1

90
233
323

—_
—

,

5

17

____

2

5
10

5

1
11

4
31

4
18

4
23

5
4

8
14

3
2

12

35

22

27

9

22

5

1

10

3

.......I
1

7

j

1

16

..

1

5

, 2

25
25

145

9

3
14

8
29
85

39

2
20

3

1

121

22

Tim e..

1

2
34

9
46
75

T o ta l..

6

4

5

4
1
5

4

5

3

Rhode Island___

.

9

3

5
64

1

1

5

TABLES.

.163

60.0
60.0

1
!

2

60.0 $0,266 $15.96
.155 9.38
60.3

GENERAL,

North Carolina...

60.3

14
61

T o ta l..

New Hampshire.

15

2
10

T o ta l..

Massachusetts.. .

4

Piece..
Tim e..

T otal..

Maine...................

1
4

T otal..

Georgia..............

Piece..
Tim e..
T otal..

Alabama............

1

8

1

5

2
16

8
50

8
59

12
71

14
26

32
118

15
51

6
20

1

8

1

5

18

58

67

83

40

150

66

26

1

O*

CO

Table C.—AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULLTIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS, BY STATES, 1918—Continued.

^

MANUFACTURING—Continued.
Employees whose earnings per hour were—
10
and
un­
der
12
cts.

12
and
un­
der
14
cts.

14
and
un­
der
16
cts.

16
20
18
25
and and and and.
un­ un­ un­ un­
der der der der
18
20
30
25
cts. cts. cts. cts.

30
and
un­
der
40
cts.

79

24

60

16

6 0 .0
60.0

.146
.142

T otal..

60

60.0

.143

8.57

Maine.................
Massachusetts...

Time..
Time..

101
277

53,2
53.7

11.16
.226 12.17

92
269

New Hampshire

Piece..
Time..

75
110

53.7
54.0

.253 13.54
.223 12.04

72
110

185

53.9

.235 12.65

182

115

54.0

.208 11.20

87
731

54.5
54.8

.238 12. £8
.203 11.22

72
569

12
135

818

54.8

. 203 11,40

641

147

18

8.78
8.52

7

T otal..
Other States—

Time..

All States..........

Piece..
Time..




Total..

14

55

122

39

11

374

158

18

GOODS.

59.8 $0,143 $8.57

12
48

LABOR— COTTON

80

Piece..
Time.!

60
cts.
and
over.

O
F

Tim e..

Georgia..............

50
and
Un­
der
60
cts.

HOUBS

DRAWING-FRAME TENDERS: Female.

Alabama...........

40
and
un­
der
50
cts.

AD
N

Employees whose full-time hours
per week were—
A ver­
Aver­ age
full­
age
earn­ time
Over 54
8
57
48
U n ­ and
ings week­ Un­
and
per
anfl and un­ 60. Over der un­
ly
un­
60.
der
hour. earn­ der 48. un­ der
8
48.
der
cts. 10
ings.
der 57.
60.
54.
cts.

WAGES

State..

Aver­
N um ­ N um ­ age
ber of ber of full­
estab­ em ­ time
work­ lish­ ploy­ hours
ments. ees.
per
ers.
week.

Piece
workers
or
tim e

27
47

10

63

20

43

SLUBBER TENDERS: Male.
Alabama..................... Piece..
Tim e..

60.0 $0,222 $13.31
55.6
.155 8.84
70

T otal..
Connecticut................ Piece..
Time..

.323 17.78
.343 18.84

15
4

19

22

20
3

.230 13.81

82

42

23

21.00

54.0
54.0

.365 19.70
.304 16.43

141
11

.360 19.47

152

97

33

54.0
54.0

.383 20.69
.287 15.50

127
3

71

46

.381 20.57

130

.249 14.97
.180 10.82

60.2

.401 21.66

103
2

60.0
60.0

105

60.0

.296 15.99
.260 14.04

T otal..




12

54.0

84

710
56

56.6
57.3

.314 17.54
.230 13.11

766

56.7

.307 17.22

71

35
35

1

12

103
2

12
1

44

27

5

105

13

44

27

27

135
12

123
10

258
12

117

35

147

133

270

117

11

11
1

.293 15.83

Piece..
Time..

33

12
23
2

25

.227 13.63

54.0
54.0

Piece..
Time..

27

12

73
11

.228 13.68
.179 10.74

Piece..
Time..
T otal..

Allstate,®.

5

.240 14.44

54.0

85

Rhode Island............. Piece..

18

TABLES.

Total.
North Carolina........... Piece..
Tim e..

34

GENERAL

127
3

68
14

54.0

New Hampshire........ Piece..
Time..

.231 13.89
.224 13.47

60.2
60.0

20

.327 18.00

54.0

141
11

Massachusetts............ Piece.
Tim e..

55.0

54.0

Total.

Other States

14
4

60.0

19

Maine.......................... Piece..

South Carolina..........

2

31

60.0
60.0

T o ta l..

T otal..

29

.212 12.67
55.0
55.0

Georgia....................... Piece..
Time..

Total.

60
2

Total..

103

405
19

304
29
333

18

05
OX

C.—AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULL­
TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS, BY STATES, 1918—Continued.

T able

MANUFACTURING—Continued.
Employees whose earnings per hour were—

8
and
un­
der
10
cts.

10
and
un­
der
12
cts.

12
and
un­
der
14
cts.

14
and
un­
der
16
cts.

16
and
un­
der
18
cts.

18
and
un­
der
20
cts.

20
and
un­
der
25
cts.

25
and
un­
der
30
cts.

30
and
un­
der
40
cts.

40
and
un­
der
50
cts.

SLUBBER TENDERS: Female.

1

1

1
3

6

12

.281 15.18

25

1

.226 12.22
.186 10.07

11
15

1

1

4

6

12

5

3
7

4
3

4

5

10

22
3

Total.

6

25

54.0

Piece.
Time.

4
3

11
15

54.0
54.0

Total.

4

26

54.0

.203 10.98

26

Other States..

Piece.

7

23

54.4

.291 15.76

22

1

1

A ll States......

Piece.
Time.

16
5

56
18

54.2
54.0

.277 15.00
.193 10.41

55
18

1

2

1
5

Total..

17

74

54.1

.257 13.89

73

1

2

6

Pennsylvania.

54.0 $0,289 115.60
54.0
.224 12.12

7

4

7

9

3

3

4
7

12
6

19

15

3

6

11

18

19

15

3

6
4

7
3

13

48

16

5

6

10

10

13

48

16

5

4

3

7
1

22
8

101

74
1

3

SPEEDER TENDERS: Male.

Alabama..............

Piece..
Time..

7
1

107
7

60.0 $0,208 $12.24
60.0
.158 9.50

107
7

2

4

2

4

T otal..
Georgia.




7

114

60.0

.205 12.08

114

Piece..
Time..

12
2

215
10

60.0
60.0

.231 13.83
.191 11.48

215
10

1

LABOR-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1

5
2

60
cts.
and
over.

O
F

22
3

Piece.
Time.

Massachusetts

50
and
un­
der
60
cts.

HOURS

Employees whose full-time hours
per week were—
Aver­
Aver­ age
age full­
earn­ time
Over 54
57
U n­
48
ings week­ U n­
and and
per
ly
der 48. and un­ un­ 60. Over der
un­
60.
hour. earn­ 48.
cts.
ings.
der der der
60.
54. 57.

AND

Aver­
N um ­ Num ­ age
ber of ber of full­
estab­ em­ tim e
lish­ ploy­ hours
per
ments . ees.
week.

WAGES

State.

Piece
workers
or
tim e
work­
ers.

T otal..

North Carolina.

12

225

60.0

.229. 13.73

PieceTime..

17
5

158
45

54.0
53.8

.358 19.33
.305 16.43

1

Total..

Massachusetts..

19
21
2

203

54.0

.346 18.69

1

327
18

60.1
60.0

.253 15.21
.175 10.51

Piece..
Tim e-

.. 1
....... 1..........
158
44
202

j 225

4

1

,

8

30

i
j

2

2

75

3

13
21

112
14

30
7

5

1
325
18

101
2
3

3

1

1
4

10
9

20
1

34

126

37

126
4

128

39

1

2
1

2

5

19

21

130

128

39

1

3

10

31

48

169

57

13

2~

1

343
336

6

45
1

150
13

Total.

22

345

60.0

.249 14.97

South Carolina.

Piece.

20

339

60.1

.220 13.23

Other Sta tes...

Piece..
Time..

18
2

236
16

54.1
54.9

.342 18.49
.358 19.63

TotaL.

18

252

54.2

.343 18.57

252

1

6

46

163

34

2

Piece.
T im e-

95 1,382
12
96

58.3
56.2

.265 15.31
.267 14.83

1

394
60

985
35

3

5

8

16

20
8

55
13

104
9

452
7

333
23

322
27

65
9

2

Total. .

98 1,478

58.2

.265 15.28

1

454

1,020

3

5

8

16

28

68

113

459

350

349

74

2

12

17

____
2

4

236
16

32

2

SPEEDER TENDERS: Fem ale.

148
9

TotaL.
Georgia................

124

PieceTime. .

PieceTime. .

115
1

$0,179 $10.75
.152 9.42

115
9

TotaL.
Connecticut.......

PieceTim e-

60.2

116

.177 10.65

16
31

157

.277 15.25

157

110
3
11

148

.199 11.95
.110 6.60

110
3

13

16

18

42

13

113

13

16

18

42

13

38

76

113

60.0

.197 11.81

Piece..

339

54.0

.296 15.96

Massachusetts_
_

PieceTime. .

1,194
31

Total-

20 1,225




22

.274 15.08
.329 18.10

Maine...................

TotaL.

25

2

TA BLES.

Alabama..

==========

GENERAL

A ll S ta tes.......

____

29

31

194

.292 15.77
.247 13.25
54.0

1,193
30

421
1

29

15.70

1,223

422

29
■<r

T able

€•—AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULL­
TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS, BY STATES, 1918—Continued.

O*
oo

MANUFACTURING—Continued.
Employees whose earnings per hour were—
10
and
un­
der
12
cts.

12
and
un­
der
14
cts.

14
and
un­
der
16
cts.

18
and
un­
der
20
cts.

20
and
un­
der
25
cts.

25
and
un­
der
30
cts.

30
and
un­
der
40
cts.

40
and
un­
der
50
cts.

7

47
6

231
2

280
1

11

50
and 60
un­ cts.
der and
60 over.
cts.

HOURS

16
and
un­
der
18
cts.

2

8
and
un­
der
10
cts.

SPEEDER TENDERS: Fem ale—Concluded.
Piece..
Time..

5
1

578
9

54.0 $0,303 $16.38
54.0
.239 12.92

578
9

Total..

5

587

54.0

.302 16.33

587

New Y ork.........

Piece..

2

135

54.0

.267 14.42

135

North Carolina..

Piece..
Time..

17
2

72
3

60.0
6a 0

.209 12.53
.202 12.14

72
3

1

1

2

6

T otal..

19

75

60.0

.209 12.52

75

1

1

2

6

1

4

2

2

3

1

3
2

12

38

44

1

5

12

38

44

1

9
2

7
12

3

195

54.0

.305 16.47

Piece..
Time..

18
1

186
2

60.0
46.0

.200 11.98
.137 6.30

2

Total..

18

188

59.8

.199 11.40

2

Piece..
T im e-

4
3

59
17

54.0
54.0

.231 12.49
.195 10.56

5

Other S ta te s....




194
186
186

1

59
17

1

76

54.0

.223 12.06

Piece..
T im e-

96 3,131
18
83

55.0
55.1

.277 15.17
.225 12.93

3
3

2,645
65

483
7

8

Total .

100 3,214

55.0

.277 15.10

6

2,710

490

8

Total .
All States...........

1

233

281

11

101

7

2

7

12
1

32
2

9

2

7

13

34

9

2

9

72

89

73

12

3

73

12

3

18
3

20

3

21

20

3

13

GOODS,

Piece..

South Carolina..

53
22

2
1

LA BO R -— COTTON

Rhode Island. . .

7
2

O
F

New Hampshire

AND

Employees whose full-time hours
per week were—
Aver­
Aver­ age
age full­
Over 54
earn­ time
57
48 and and
U n­
ings week­ U n­
Over der
per
ly
der 48. and un­ un­
un­ der der
60.
hour. earn­ 48.
cts.
der 57.
ings.
60.
54.

WAGES

State.

Piece N um ­ N um ­ Aver­
age
workers ber of ber of full­
or
estab­ em­ tim e
tim e
lish­
work­ ments . ploy- hours
per
ers.
week.

1

11

19

3

7

9
3

34
2

55
8

96
4

128
13

522 1,183 1,030
11
16
26

63

1

3

7

12

36

63

100

141

548 1,199 1;041

63

1

76

SPINNERS, MULE: Male.
Piece.
Time

3
1

58
17

55.0 $0,409 $22.52
55.0
.483 26.58

58
17

2

2

17
13

37

Total

3

75

55.0

.426 23.44

75

2

2

17

50

Maine...............

Piece.

3

22

54.0

.514 27.74

22

5

14

Massachusetts..

Piece.
Time.

7
1

145
2

54.0
54.0

.536 28.96
.575 31.05

145
2

24

21

57
2

4J

Total

7

147

54.0

.537 28.98

147

59

4:

Rhode Island.

Piece.

3

48

54.0

.423 22.84

48

Connecticut..

1

24

21

14

33

1

4
4

1

Piece

1

11

54.0

.461 24.90

11

8

2

Piece.
Time.

17
2

284
19

54.2
54.9

.487 26.37
.493 27.05

284
19

2

3

56
13

104
6

74

4.'

T o ta l.

17

303

54.3

.487 26.40

303

2

3

56

117

80

4;

GENERAL

Other Sta tes..
All States.......

SPINNERS, FRAME: M ale.
1
12

51
128

54.0 $0,337 $18.18
53.9
.280 15.21

8

51
109

11

2

1

4

3

4

7

1
28

5
27

43
38

2
14

12

179

54.0

.296 16.05

8

160

11

2

1

4

3

4

7

29

32

81

16

Piece..
Tim e..

2
2

10
5

54.0
54.0

.316 17.07
.287 15.52

3
3

7
2

6

9

10
5

Total .

3

15

54.0

.307 16.55

95

54.3

.150

8.16

37
10

57

96

4

4

21

25

28

96

4

4

21

25

28

15

South Carolina..

T im e..

18

Other States___

T im e .

20

94

54.9

.245 13.45

A ll States.........

Piece..
T im e-

3
52

61
322

54.0
54.3

.333 18.00
.232 12.62

55

61
171

Total .

53

383

54.3

.248 13.48

55

232




TABLES.

New Hampshire.

Piece.
Time.
T o ta l.

Massachusetts..

58

4

27

19
2

1

14

22

7

3

19

7

9

1

7

5

22

22

22

3

30

19

1
59

8
53

50
62

2
17

30

19

60

61

112

19

C*

CD

T able

C.—AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULL­
TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS, BY STATES, 1918—Continued.

O

MANUFACTURING—Continued.

SPINNERS,
501
173

59.0 $0,169 $10.00
54.4
.264 14.34

Georgia..............

Piece..
Time..

119
620

58.9
59.9

T o ta l.

12

10

.170

739

12
and
un­
der
14
cts.

14
and
un­
der
16
cts.

16
and
un­
der
18
cts.

18
and
un­
der
20
cts.

20
and
un­
der
25
cts.

25
and
un­
der
30
cts.

151

15

440

19

19

110
589

Time..

53.8

.290 15.57

Massachusetts...

Piece..
Time..

.326 17.61
.274 14.70

T o ta l.

1,822

53.7

.277

962

54.0
53.8

15.82
.275 14.79

306
954

53.9

.279 15.04

131

116

261

92

1,730

54.0
53.7

15

570

1,260
209

Piece..
Time..
T o ta l.

New York.........

Time..

54.0

14.39

Time..

844

58.5

.186 10.88

Pennsylvania...

Piece..
Time..

37
96

54.0
52.7

13

133

53.0

.184

17

365




9.75

14

162

262

756

119

865

507

11

311

18

120

.194 10.46
.180 9.48

T otal.

36

13

1,758

North Carolina..

40
and
un­
der
50
cts.

40
21

Maine.................

New Hampshire

30
and
un­
der
40
cts.

FRAME: Female.

162

.161 9.49
.171 10.26

10
and
un­
der
12
cts.

50
and 60
un­ cts.
der and
60 over.
cts.

31

37

728

18

L A B O E -------------------------------------------------------------------

Time..
Time..

8
and
un­
der
10
cts.

O
F

Alabama............
Connecticut. ___

Employees whose earnings per hour were—

HOURS

Employees whose full-time hours
per week were—
Aver­
Aver­ age
age full­
earn­ time
Over 54
57
U n­
48 and and
ings week­ U n­
per
ly
60. Over der
der 48. and un­ un­
un­ der
60.
hour. earn­ 48.
der
der 57.
cts.
ings.
60.
54.

AND

Aver­
N um ­ Num­ age
ber of ber of full­
estab­ em­ tim e
lish­ ploy- hours
per
ments.
week.

WAGES

State.

Piece
workers
or
tim e
work­
ers.

Time..
Time..

53.8
59.6

.303 16.32
.168 9.78

7
150

265

Piece..
Time..

554
7
101 7,198

56.1
55.9

.263 14.40
.230 12.77

9
407

T o ta l.

All States.

272
3
20 1,205

105 7,752

55.9

.233 12.89

416

1,055

15

435
3,9

110
2,840

'34'

4,343

2,950

34

120
4

65

2
142

1
235

7
267

8
195

33

21
394

577

43
652
695

714 1,535 2,146 1,278

17

35
63 148 202
1,076
679 1,472

69

203

3
20

1
19

212

54

DOFFERS: Male.
Alabama.

Piece..
Time..
T o ta l.

Connecticut.

Piece..
T ime..

54

.189 11.11

27

53.3
51.3

54
184

27

58.8
67

60.0 $0,188 $11.31
.189 11.06
58.5

16

4

Massachusetts..

Piece.. I
Tim e..

6
17

Total .

20

58

13

25

.211 12.63
.214 12.76

101
257

385

59.7

.213 12.73

358

128

53.8

.270 14.54

52.0
53.0

.296 15.49
.271 14.35

101

10

16
37

5
21

146

53

26
22

126

130
325

24

40
106

76

59.9
59.6

25

5
19

14

6
17

16

26

16
57

14

23

25

34

73

3
16

31
160

TA BLES,

12

34

GENERAL

Total.!
Tim e..

19

1
12

16
36

47

102
283

Maine..............

12
22

1
10

.248

Piece..
Time..

5
33

14.36
.246 12.60

Total .
Georgia.

2
17

17
11

455

52.7

.278 14.68

387

119

90

New Hampshire.

Piece..
Time..

155
130

52.9
54.0

15.86
16.32

148
130

7
18

75
57

T o ta l.

285

53.4

.301 16.07

278

25

110

132

New York........

T ime..

77

54.4

15.68

72

11

33

33

North Carolina..

Piece.
Time..

194
309

59.2
54.9

.213 12.61
.177 9.74

83
65

23
5

9

T o ta l.

503

148

28

Rhode Island.

Piece..
Time..




T otal.

106

56.6

.191 10.84

54.0
53.6

.381 20.58
.321 17.16

53.7

.337 18.07

118
74

4
13

16
63

19

79

183
202

105

108

25

10

28

10 ’
8
18

2
2

T able

C.—AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULL­
TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS, BY STATES, 1918—Continued.

-7
to

MANUFACTURING—Continued.

60
cts.
and
over.

HOURS

50
and
un­
der
60
cts.

DOFFERS: M ale—Concluded.
Piece.
Time.

12
12

309
242

58.4 $0.194 $11.30
57.8
.181 10.45

484

Total.

20

551

58.1

.188 10.92

67

Other States..

Time.

3

12

53.2

.149

7.93

1

Piece.
Time.

33
978
83 1,8/9

56.9
55.7

.235 13.26
.229 12.67

80
253

282
741

Total.

102 2,857

56.1

.231 12.87

333

1,023

3

6
2

21
31

44
29

60
54

50
51

91
67

30
7

4

1

8

52

73

114

101

158

37

4

5

2

1

11

All States.......

3

616
854

30

1 1,470

30

1

5

5
22

10
32

33
83

75
152

103
200

115
228

279
439

185
453

139
240

27
25

2
5

5

27

42

116

227

303

343

718

638

379

52

7

DOFFERS: Female.
Maine.................

Time­

5

203

53.2 $0,253 $13.51

17

186

1

26

13

42

82

39

Massachusetts...

piece..
Time-

3
8

131
148

50.3
52.4

.244 12.31
.266 13.99

55
26

76
122

1

2

3
4

6
1

80
23

34
104

6
12

2
1 .......1........

Total.

10

279

51.4

.256 13.20

81

198

1

2

7

7

103

138

18

3

Piece.,
Time-

1
2

113
58

54.0
54.0

.300 16.21
.221 11.96

113
58

1

6
15

67
20

30

1

1
21

8

1

Total.

3

171

54.0

.273 14.77

171

1

22

1

21

87

30

8

1

New Hampshire




'

1 '

-----

L A B O R ---------------------------------------------------------------------

278
206

1

4

31
36

O
F

South Carolina

AND

Employees whose full-time hours
Employees whose earnings per hour were—
per week were—
Aver­
Aver­ age
age full­
40
16
18
20
10
8
12
14
30
25
Over 54
earn­ time
57
Un­ and and and and and and and and and and
48 and and
ings week­ U n­
un­
per
ly
48. and un­ u n ­ 60. Over der un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ der
60.
der der der der der der der der der
un­ der der
hour. earn­ der
48.
12
16
20
14
18
25
30
40
50
cts. 10
der 57.
ings.
60.
54.
cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts.

WAGES

State.

Aver­
Piece
age
worker; Num ­ Num­ full­
ber of ber of
or
estab­ em­ tim e
tim e
lish­
work­ ments. ploy­ hours
per
ees.
ers.
week.

Piece..
Time..

1
4

4
26

54.0
53.7

.191 10.32
.165 8.85

1

4
25

13

6

Total..

4

30

53.7

.168

9.04

1

29

13

6

11

2
18

50.0
49.7

.275 13.75
.230 11.49

20

49.8

.234 11.72

10

10

250
453

52.0
52.9

.269 14.05
.247 13.14

56
53

194
400

2

52.6

.255 13.46

109

594

Piece..
Time..

1
3

T otal..

4

Piece..
Time..

6
22

Tqtal..

All S t a te s ..............

!

4
7

26

703

1
9

1
9

1

1
1

2
5

1

11

1

1

11

7

10
23

86
91

103
211

36
51

10
1

1

16

4
58

2

16

62

33

177

314

87

11

1

9
3

3

SPOOLER TENDERS: Female.
59.8 10.143 $8.58 '
60.0
.147 8.80

T otal..

8

280

59.8

.144

8.63

5

Piece..
Time..

3
1

95
19

53.7
52.9

.234 12.57
.180 9.50

12
4

Total..

Connecticut

....

4

114

53.6

.225 12.06

1

16

203
6>
2

9

9

18

32
14

41
10

47
21

41
11

18
3

1

5

265

9

9

18

46

51

68

52

21

12

3

4
1

6
13

17
1

37
4

16

14

1

83
15
___

Piece..
Time..

11
3

355
11

59.8
60.0

.154
.144

9.23
8.66

4

Total..

12

366

59.8

.154

9.21

4

362

Maine.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Piece..
T im e-

4
1

257
25

53.9
54.0

.246 13.26
.240 12.96

2

..........

Total..

5

282

53.9

.245 13.23

20

2

854
47

53.4
51.8

.252 13.44
.223 11.57

51
12

Total..

20

901

53.3

.252 13.34

63

New Hampshire....... Piece..
T im e-




r

54.0

.264 14.25

5i

54.0

.237 12.79

515
10

53.9
54.0

2

85

Total..
New Y ork........1........ Piece..

.264 14.25
.258 13.9^

5
2

18

41

16

14

28

66
8

65

39
1

41

5

1

28

4
4

39

69

74

65

40

41

5

1

8

16

16
2

97
7

88
16

30

255
25

2

Massachusetts............ Piece..
Time..

19

68
1

1

_____
351
11

Georgia

5

38
1

1

98

____
33
33
=

525

____
1

1

8

16

18

1Q4

104

30

1

8

25

50

65
1

294
46

232

174

4

===== =

= =

1

8

25 ! 50

4

1

340

232

174

128
3

206
7
213

=

127
127

T

13

5

7

13

28

131

4

3

5

8

26

5

1

*

66
28

1

524
85

1

1

770
35

514
10

----- —---

1

280

805

=

TA BLES,

218
62

GENERAL

6
2

Piece..
Time..

25 1 13

«<r

Co

T able

C.—AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULL­
TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS, BY STATES, 1918—Continued.

-<r

MANUFACTURING—Continued.

50
and 60
un­ c ts.
der and
60 over.
cts.

HOURS

SPOOLER TENDERS: Fem ale—Concluded.
22
1

474
1

59.6 $0,168 $10.00
60.0
.150 9.00

12

458
1
459

1

33

80

106
1

93

70

!
j

73

17

1

17

1 .......L . .

Total..

22

475

59.6

.168 10.00

12

4

1

33

80

107

93

70

73

Penns ,i vania............ Piece..
Tim e-

2
3

31
34

54.4
54.0

.178
.155

9; 67
.
8.37

1

30
34

1

1

1

4
1

2
25

4
6

7
1

11

Total..

4

65

54.2

.166

8.99

1

64

1

1

1

5

27

10

8

11

1

Rhode Island............. Piece..
Tim e-

2
1

58
50

53.7
54.0

.218 11.72
.259 13.96

2

56
50

1

8

8

25
18

16
25

Total. .

3

108

53.8

.237 12. 76

2

106

1

8

8

43

41

7

South Carolina.......... Piece..
Tim e-

19
2

552~
6

58.6
60.0

.149
. 152

8. 72
9.12

114
5

89
1

49

47

6

3

Total. .

20

558

58.6

.149

8. 73

Piece..
T im e-

96 3,494 ~~56.3
18
265
55. 3




Total. .

105 3,759

56.2

46
46

.207 11. 50
.198 10. 85

13(T
16

.207 11.46

152

15

506
6

22

91

116

1
.......1. ...
I
.7

15

22

91

116

119

90

49

47

6

3

33 1,797
169

1 1,518
80

9

29

72

198
15

327
12

383
61

390
31

325
9

788
81

614
49

363
7

5

33 1,966

1 1,598

9

29

72

213

339

44-1

421

334

809

663

370

5 ~

512

= ==:

• 1 1
c

T

r

L A B O R ----------------------------------------------------------

4

O
F

North Carolina.......... PieceTime..

AND

Employees whose full-time hours
Employees whose earnings per hour wereper week were—
Aver­
Aver­ age
age full­
20
earn­ time
10
12
14
Over 54
18
30
40
8
16
25
57
ings week­ Un­
48 and
Un- and and and and and and and and and and
60. Over der un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­
per
and un­ and
ly
un­
der der der der der der der der der der
hour. earn­ der 48. un­ der der
48.
50
12
14
16
18
20
25
30
40
cts. 10
der 57.
ings.
cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts.
54.

WAGES

State.

Aver­
Piece
N um age
workers Num ­ ber of­ full­
ber of
or
em­ tim e
tim e estab­
work­ lish­ ploy­ hours
per
ers. ments. ees.. week.

WARPER TENDERS: Male.
North Carolina.

Total.
Other States.

60.0 $0,253 $15.15
211 12.90
60.0

Piece.
Time.
54

>0.0

20

18

Piece.
Time.

60.0
58.5

Total.
Piece.
Time.

22

60.0
59.3

30

15

15.21

.240

58.9

TotaL

All States.

12

23

.264
.227

15.84
13.37

.243

82

30

54
18.36
13.96

14.48

37

23

3
1

9
1

1

4

10

1

1

4

1

2 ____
1
8

3

2

11

1

8

5
3

4
9

7
1

2

8

13

8
_

2

6

22
5

Alabam a..

Piece..
Time..

1

60.2 $0,211 $12. 58
60.0
.176 10.56

7

31

60.1

.200

11.93

Piece..
Time..

3
1

16
10

55.0
55.0

.297
.205

15. 95
11.27

16
10
26

TotaL.

M aine..

4

26

55.0

.262

5
7

22
18

60.0
60.0

.192
.174

40

60.0

.184




2

...

1 .

2
3

50
13

54.0
54.0

.279
.261

15.08
14.08

50
13

5

63

54.0

.275

14. 87

13
10

120
88

53.8
54.0

.287 1 5 .4 3
.258 13. 94

1

6

113
88

20

208

53.9

.275

14. 80

1

6

Piece..
Time..

5
3

102
16

54.0
54.0

.299
.250

16.16
12. 87

TotaL

5

118

54.0

.293

15. 71

118

1

1

3
4

1

7

1

i

|

1

4
11

.

1

2

63

Piece..
Time..

2

i

40

Piece..
Time..

1

1
*>

11.04

TotaL.
New Hampshire.

28

2
1

22
18

TotaL.
Massachusetts..

2

11.53
10.44

10

19
9

1

14.15

Piece..
Time..
T otal..

Georgia.

1

t.......i...

2

2
1

TABLES.

21
10

Total..
Connecticut.

5
2

GENERAL

WARPER TENDERS: Female.

1

____ ___ ____
18
2

14

27

20

3
1

28
29

42
46

42
12

201

4

57

88

54

5

102
16

2

13
9

39
6

45
1

3

2

22

45

46

3

I

1

5

---- 3

T able

C.—
AVERAGE

AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULL­
TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS, BY STATES, 1918-Continued.
MANUFACTURING—Continued.
Employees whose earnings per hour were—
10
and
un­
der
12
cts.

12
and
un­
der
14
cts.

14
and
un­
der
16
cts.

18
and
un­
der
20
cts.

20
and
un­
der
25
Cts.

25
and
un­
der
30
cts.

30
and
un­
der
40
cts.

40
and
un­
der
50
cts.

WARPER TENDERS: Fem ale—Concluded.
Piece..
Time.

2
6

6
12

6
12

1
5

1
5

18

6

6

3

3

1

60.0 $0.216 $12.94
60.0
.188 11.26

3

11

7

8

6

1

8

6

1

5

9

2

8

18

60.0

.197 11.82

Piece.

3

24

54.0

.301 16.27

South Carolina.

Piece..
Time..

10
6

28
.17

60.0
60.0

.214 12.84
.172 10.36

28
17

T otal..

16

45

60.0

.198 11.90

45

PieceTime..

3
1

16
6

54.0
54.0

.266 14.34
.164 5.37

16
6

1

Total..

4

22

54.0

.238 11.90

22

1

5

Piece..
Time..

51
39

405
190

55.1
55.9

.274 15.02
.227

1

6

321
133

Total..

82

595

55.4

.259 14.20

1

6

454

Other S ta tes...




2

1
1

3
8

9
6

2

2

11

15

5

2

5

9

2

1

75
56

2

1 - 2
3

4
7

16
30

24
23

87
54

135
58

125
15

11

1

131

2

1

5

11

46

47

141

193

140

11

GOODS.

All States.........

24

2
1

L A B O E — COTTON

T otal..
Rhode Island..

2
1

O
F

North Carolina.

50
and 60
un­ cts.
der and
60 over.
cts.

H O U BS

16
and
un­
der
18
cts.

AND

8
and
un­
der
10
cts.

WAGES

State.

Employees whose full-time hours
per week were—
Aver- Aver­ Aver­
Piece
age
age
full­
workers N um ­ Num ­ full­ age
ber of ber of
Over 54
or
57
tim e earn­ time
48 and and
U n­
tim e estab­ em- ; hours ings week­ Un­
lish­
per
work* ments . ploy- per
ly
der 48. and un­ un­ 60. Over der
lill- der der
60.
ers.
hour. earn­ 48.
week.
der 57.
ings.
cts.
60.
54.

BEAMER TENDERS: Male.
Massachusetts............ Piece..
Time..

6
5

135
23

Total..

9

158

54.0

.476 25.68

Piece..
Tim e..

6
3

72
15

60.2
60.0

.323 19.39
.195 14.08

Total..

7

87

60.1

.300 18.47

North Carolina..........

54.0 $0,481 $25.97
54.0
.445 24.00

135
23

1

158

....

90
20

39
1

1
71
15
86

Other States.............. Piece..
Time..

3
5

21
14

58.8
54.7

.323 18.89
.361 19.71

Total..

8

35

57.2

.338 19.21

18

15
13

228
52

56.4
55.9

.416 23.24
.350 19.98

140
36

87
16

1

Total..

24

280

56.3

.404 22.63

176

103

1

40

22
9

12

1

2

13

31

27

12

1

2

7

7
8

5
5

17

All States................... Piece..
Time..

110

9
4

1

1

7

1
1

27

1

1

5
13

16
1

1
1

2

7

15

10

1

1
2

11
4

30
9

39
10

107
25

40
1

1

3

15

39

49

132

41

2

3

18

21

56

13

1

5
3

23
40

2
8

2
7
37
56

1
7
96

6

1

7
33

33
5

21
2

6

1

40

38

23

6

GENERAL

.......I........

5
2

BEAMER TENDERS: Female.
7

113

54.1 $0,315 $17.06

111

'

I
1

2

TABLES.

All States................... Piece..

SLASHER TENDERS: M ale.
Alabama....................
Georgia....... ..............
Maine.........................
Massachusetts............

Time..
TimeTime..
Tim e-

8
11
5
20

34
62
44
158

New Hampshire........ Piece..
Time..

1
4

68
40

Total..

5

Piece..
Tim e-

1
19

Total..
Time..

North Carolina..........

South Carolina..........




60.1 $0,212 $11.41
60.0
.236 14.25
54.0
.374 20.17
54.0
.415 21.86

44
158

33
62

1

1
3

54.0
54.0

.488 26.26
.404 21.83

108

54.0

.456 24.62

1
63

60.0
60.2

.275 16.50
.244 14.71

1
62

1

9

1

20

64

60.2

.245 14.74

63

1

9

1

19

81

60.0

.206 12.35

81

12

23

68
40
____ ____

108

7

16

1
34

3

16

35

3

26

12

1

-«5

Table C.—AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULLTIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS, BY STATES, 1918—Continued.

r?
00

MANUFACTURING— Continued.
Employees whose earnings per hour were—

10
and
un­
der
12
cts.

12
and
un­
der
14
cts.

14
and
un­
der
16
cts.

16
and
un­
der
18
cts.

18
and
un­
der
20
Cts.

20
and
un­
der
25
cts.

25
and
un­
der
30
cts.

30
and
un­
der
40
cts.

40
and
un­
der
50
cts.

50
and 60
un­ cts.
der and
60 over.
cts.

SLASHER TENDERS: Male—Concluded.

1
11

56

55.0 JO.427 $23.49
54.8
.376 20.57

1
54

2

2

6

27

1
20

Total..

11

57

54.8

.377 20.62

55

2

2

6

27

21

1

All States................... Piece..
T im e-

3
97

70
538

54.1
56.8

.483 26.09
.322 17.78

69
296

1
238

11

22

32

107

7
166

34
129

21
9

6

4

2
62

Total..

99

608

56.5

.340 18.73

365

239

4

11

22

32

107

64

173

163

30

6

5
3

15
3

7

1

18

7

1

1

O
F

Other States.............. Piece..
Time..

1

3

21

9

7

30

60.2

.162

3

33

.342 18.73
.271 14.92

2

10

54.4
55.0

9.76

Total..

4

43

54.5

.326 17.84

2

Georgia...................... Piece..
Time..

4
7

28
24

60.0
60.0

11

52

60.0

.169 10.12




1
1

8
5

4
2

2
1

4

1

1

2

13

6

3

4

1

3
3

sf

31
10
41

.172 10.30
.165 9.90

T otal..

3

1

3

27

Total..
Connecticut................ Piece..
Time..

1

1

21
6

60.0 10.164 $9.83
60.8
.158 9.60

= =

r-rr=—

2

_____
28
24
52

Y

6

=====

2
8

4

3
3

5

10

11

6

=

1

6

8

6
4

2
4

3

10

6

4

= =

1

=

— __

GOODS.

4

L A B O R — COTTON

DRAWERS-IN: Female.

Alabama ................... Piece..
Time..

HOURS

Employees whose full-time hours
per week were—
Aver­
age
full­
8
time
Over 54
57
Un­ and
week­ Un­
48
and and and
Over der un­
ly
8
earn­ der 48. un­ un­ un­ 60.
60.
der
der
cts. 10
ings. 48.
der der
57.
60.
54.
cts.

AND

Aver*
age
earn­
ings
per
hour.

WAGES

State.

Aver­
Piece
N um age
workers N um ­ ber of­ full­
ber of
or
tim e estab­ em­ tim e
work­ lish­ ploy­ hours
per
ers. ments. ees.
week.

GENERAL
TA BLES,




T able

C.—AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULL­
TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS, BY STATES, 1918—Continued.

00

o

MANUFACTURING— Continued.

State.

Employees whose earnings per hour were—
10
and
un­
der
12
cts.

12
and
un­
der
14
cts.

14
and
un­
der
16
cts.

16
and
un­
der
18
cts.

18
and
un­
der
20
cts.

20
and
un­
der
25
cts.

30
and
un­
der
40
cts.

40
and
un­
der
50
cts.

26

51

63

132

81
11
27
6

79
8
165

50
and 60
un­ cts.
der and
60 over.
cts.

LOOM FIXERS: Male.

Time..
Time..
Time..
Time..

8
4
12
5

158
90
230
206

60.2 $0,284 $17.11
.452 24.89
55.1
60.0
.270 16.20
.444 23.99
54.0

206

Massachusetts.. -

Piece..
Time..

2
20

10
641

54.0
54.0

.495 26.71
.455 24.56

id
640

89

1

151
230

6
1

35

2
7
589 28 23

1

1
1
2

1

28

596

25

3

30
11

447
46

10

Total.

20

651

54.0

.455 24.59

650

New Hampshire
New Y ork.........

T im e..
Time..

5
2

487
57

54.0
54.3

.463 25.02
.418 22.69

487
54

North Carolina..

Piece.
Time..

5
21

5
265

60.0
60.0

.247 14.86
.287 17.21

5
265

3
48

2
98

118

1

Total..

21

270

60.0

.286 17.16

270

51

100

118

1

Rhode Island. . .

Time..

3

182

54.0

.503 27.14

4

67

South Carolina..

Piece.
Tim e..

2
18

16
328

60.0
61.2

.284 17.04
.274 16.74

16
239

89

‘3
57

8
231

5
34

Total..

19

344

61.1

.274 16.75

255

89

60

239

39




O
F

Alabama............
Connecticut.......
Georgia..............
Maine.................

182

1

1
" “ ' 1 ....
107

j

3

i
6 .......1........
.......1........
........
6 .......| 1.......

L A B O R --------------------------------------------------------------

25
and
un­
der
30
cts.

HOURS

8
and
un­
der
10
cts.

AND

Employees whose full-time hours
Aver­
per week were—
age
full­
earn­ time
Over 54
57
ings week­ U n­
48
U n­
per
ly
der 48. and and and
60. Over der
un
un
hour. earn­
60.
un­ der
der
ings.
der 57.
cts.
60.
54.
A ver-

WAGES

Aver­
Num­ N um ­ age
ber of ber of fu ll­
tim e estab­ em­ tim e
work­ lish­ ploy­ hours
per
ers. ments . ees. week.
Piece

Other States___

Piece.
Time.

1
3

7
27

4

54.0
54.0

.393 21.21
.302 16.31

7
27

34

54.0

.321 17.32

10
38
101 2,671

57.3
56.4

.355 20.07
.391 21.81

17
1,685

Total..

103 2,709

56.4

.391 21.79

1,702

6
16

1

124794°— 19— Bull. 202

11

22

1

1

6
194

10
562

11
995

8
763

2
153

1
3

1

200

572 1,006 771

155

4

96

53

34

Piece.
Time.

T otal..
All States..........

11

1

21
889

96

1

910

96

WEAVERS: M ale.
Alabama............

60.0 $0,243 $14.56
60.0
162 9.73

3 I 292
32

358

60.0
60.0

.221 13.27
.186 11.17

618

60.0

.218 13.07

Piece.
Time..

539
49

53.9
54.0

.383 20.69
.371 20.01

536
49

588

53.9

.382

585

Piece..
Time..

2,316
94

53.9
53.8

20 2,410

53.9

.327 17.63

Piece.
Time..

1,009
20

54.0
54.0

.345 18.60
.295 15.92

1,009
20

16

24

79

32
22
22

48

62
202

62

38

559
59
618

53

48

17

40

73

38

92

35
53

20

32

2,390

213

259

35

1,102
36

28

17.68
15.71

T A B L E S-

.339 18.56

559
59

.235

15

GENERAL

363 | 54.9

Piece..
Time.

20

355
3

T otal..
New Hampshire

.339 18.56
.345 18.98

T otal..
Massachusetts...

54.9
55.0

T otal..
Maine.................

360
3

T otal..
Georgia..............

331

Piece.
Time..

12

324

299
32

T otal..
Connecticut.......

Piece..
Time..

24

632 1,138 335
13
182

1,029

54.0

.344 18.55

1,029

Piece..

197

54.4

.333 18.09

178

North Carolina..

Piece..
Tim e..

1,060
39

60.0
55.4

.253 15.19
.186 10.81

1,099

.251

1,092

13

156

1,059

Total..

592

25

Total..
New York.........




19

30

364

173

00

T able

C.—
AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK,

AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULL­
TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS, BY STATES, 1918—Continued.

00

to

MANUFACTURING—Continued.

HOURS

WEAVERS: M ale—Concluded.
554
3

53.9 $0,360 $19.42
.210 11.32
54.0

T otal..

3

557

53.9

South Carolina.......... Piece..
Time..

19
5

987
60

59.9
59.8

19 1,047

3

551
3

.359 19.38

3

554

.234 14.01
.168 10.04

13
1

4

3

6
1

4

9
1

30

60
1

271

147

16

4

16

4

4

3

7

4

10

30

61

271

147

971
59

3

1

3

5
1

22
9

43
13

64
22

114
5

399
9

217

111
1

8

1,030

3

1

3

6

31

56

86

119

408

217

112

8

2

5

3

7

25

14

6

59.9

.230 13.78

14

62

53.4

.226 12.09

4

58

All States................... Piece..
Time..

103 7,942
38
359

56.2
56.6

.304 16.92
.242 13.55

48
9

4,985
167

22 2,881
183

6

3

8

32
2

61
30

126
35

232
55

343 1,410 1,751 2,958 911
30
67
38
51
51

94

13

Total..

103 8,301

56.2

.301 16.78

57

5,152

22 3,064

6

3

8

34

91

161

287

373 1,477 1,802 3,009 949

94

13

T otal..
Pennsylvania............ Piece..

4

WEAVERS: Female.
Alabama....................




Piece..
Time..

8
5

378
93

60.3 $0,201 $12.13
.142 8.56
60.0

333
93

45

2
1

3
1

20
10

32
32

37
28

49
12

46
9

117

51

20

1

T o ta l.

8

471

60.2

426

45

3

4

30

64

65

61

55

117

51

20

1

.190 11.42

L A B O R ---------------------------------------------------------------

3
1

O
F

Rhode Island............ Piece..
Time..

AND

50
and 60
un­ cts.
der and
60 over.
cts.

WAGES

State.

Employees whose full-time hours
Employees whose earnings per hour were—
per week were—
Aver­
Piece N um ­ N um ­ Aver- Aver­ age
age
workers ber of ber of full­ age full­
or
earn­ time
Over 54
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
40
30
25
57
tim e estab­ eiii' time ings week­ Un­
48
Un­ and and and and and and and and and and
lish­
work­ ments. p i° y - hours per
and and and
Over der un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­
ly
per hour. earn­ der 48. un­ un­ un­
ers.
60.
der der der der der der der der der der
48.
12
14
16
18
20
25
30
40
50
ings.
der der der
cts. 10
60.
57.
54.
cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts.

Maine.................

374
1

54.9
55.0

.304 16.67
.323 17.77

4

375

54.9

Piece..
Time.

12
7

557
72

Total.

Georgia..............

4
1

Total.

Connecticut.......

12

Piece..
Time..

5
2
5

Piece..
Time.

5

.304 16.67

5

370

59.9
59.4

.189 11.31
.177 10.50

4
3

629

59.9

.187 11.22

7

611
49

53.9
54.0

.336 18.17
.395 21.36

4

1

369
1

2

4

7

4

7

6

6

86

180
1

15

1

2

70

86

181

15

1

2

183
14

54
3

5

70

1

2
19
2

52
10

75
16

65
10

97
17

21

62

91

75

114

197

57

5

2

4

56
1

125
3

316
6

101
39

7

57

128

322

140

7

465 1,205 1,685 193
37
32
10

8

553
69

1

6

622

1

6

607
49

2

4

44

71

660

53.9

.341 18.41

4

656

Piece.
Time..

20 3,705
9
80

53.9
53.9

.303 16.35
.294 15.82

44
1

3,661
79

2

3
1

13

15

Total..

20 3,785

53.9

.303 16.34

45

3,740

2

4

13

15

44

71

475 1,237 1,722 193

8

1

Piece..
T im e..

5 2,526
2
55

54.0
54.0

325 17.31
.212 11.43

2,526
55

1

1

5
1

20

53
2

232
50

593 1,394 212
2

12

3

1

1

6

20

3

1

55 282 595 1,394 212
......
3
24~ 58
96

12

1
51
17

62
4

103
5

292
1

174
3

42
1

293

177

43

70 ^ 32

23

1

23

1

Total..
Massachusetts...

5 2,581

54.0

.319 17.18

2,581

Piece..

2

183

54.0

.299 16.12

183

North Carolina..

Piece..
T im e..

21
9

738
41

59.8
57.1

.225 13.43
.163 9.37

12
8

726
33

2

12
10

Total. .

21

779

59.6

.221 13.21

20

759

2

22

68

66

108

.216 11.19
.160 8.64

1

235
1

2

4

25

34
1

45

P ennsylvania...

1

236
1

54.0
54.0

4

237

54.0

.215 11.18

1

236

Piece..
T im e-

3
1

585
6

53.9
54.0

.333 17.95
.307 16.56

7

578
6

Total..
South Carolina..

4

Total..
Rhode Isla n d ...

Piece..
T im e-

3

591

53.9

.333 17.78

7

584

Piece..
Tim e-

19
4

624
78

59.4
59.8

.204 12.10
.159 9.53

22
1

19

702




2

59.4

.197 11.81

23

103 10,517

55.2
57.2

.288 15.79
.214 11.89

99
13

8.159
191

2.214

Total..

103 10,993

55.4

.285 15.62

112

8,350

2,486

41

476

679
272

_____
45
45

25

35

45

70

32

5

7

8

6

12

52^

78~ 288~ 117
2
4

8

4
1

602
77

4

4

Piece..
Time..

Total. .
A ll States..........

TA BLES,

Total. .
New Y ork.........

GENERAL

New Hampshire

1

5

7

8

6

12

52

80

292

117

8

3
3

8
3

22
7

47
27

98
27

117
5

254
5

62
1

11

1

74

125

1

6

4
1

20
5

59
15

145
59

268 ~388
54
89

122 259
63
11
1
_
557 1,815 2~518 4,060 641
38
83
48
45
39

5

25

74

204

357

442

595 1,898 2,566 4,105 680

11

29

36

____
6

36

6
00
CO

T able

C.—AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULL­
TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS, BY STATES, 1918—Continued.

00

MANUFACTURING—Continued.

50
and 60
un­ cts.
der and
60 over.
cts.

H OUES

TRIMMERS OR INSPECTORS : Female.
81
43

60.2 $0.139 $8.36
54.8
.200 10.98

Georgia....................... Piece..
Time..

3
9

27
53

60.0
60.0

.153
.127

9.20
7.61

Total..

11

80

60.0

.136

8.17

6

30

37-

5

3
24

19

1
10

4
37

13
6

6

2

1

80

42

75

6

27
53

1

11

41

19

6

2

1

Maine.......................... Time..

5

190

54.0

.187 10.08

190

46

109

35

Massachusetts............ Piece..
Time..

3
19

24
323

54.0
53.6

.254 13.72
.204 11.16

14

24
309

68

1
93

13
137

5
25

3

2

14

333

68

94

150

30

3

L A B O R — COTTON

8
4

O
F

Alabama..................... Time..
Connecticut............... Time..

2

20

347

53.6

.208 11.34

1
5

6
112

54.0
54.0

.283 15.30
.233 12.64

6
112

6

91

6
15

Total..

5

118

54.0

.236 12.82

118

6

91

21

Time..

11

54

59.2

.142

6

1

Rhode Island............. Piece..
Time..

1
3

14
63

54.0
54.0

.255 13.78
.230 12.44

14
63

1

5
60

8
2

1

Total..

3

77

54.0

.235 12.68

77

1

65

10

1

Piece..
Time..

1
16

60.0
58.7

.141
.133

South Carolina..........




10
145

8.42

6.44
7.86

3

13

51

16

10
132

8

1
39

9

2
32

17

7
51

5

12

3

____

GOODS.

Total..
N ew Hampshire........ Piece..
Tim e-

North Carolina..........

AND

Employees whose full-time hours
Employees whose earnings per hour were—
per week were—
A ver­
Aver­ age
age full­
10
12
14
earn­ time
30
8
16
Over 54
20
25
40
18
57
Un­ and and and and and and and and and and
48
ings week­ Un­
Over der un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­
per
and and and
ly
60.
60.
8
der der der der der der der der der der
hour. earn­ der 48. un­ un­ un­
48.
12
14
18
40
50
cts. 10
16
der der der
20
30
25
ings.
60.
57.
54.
cts. cts. cts. cts.. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts.

WAGES

State.

Aver­
Piece
age
workers N um ­ N um ­ full­
ber of ber of
or
em­ tim e
tim e estab­ ploy­ hours
work­ lish­ ees.
per
ers. ments.
week.

Total..

16

155

58.8

.134

7.77

Other States.............. Time.-

4

30

54.0

.185

9.99

All States................... Piece. .
Tim e-

81
9
84 1,094

56.7
55. 7

.209 11.44
.184 10.21

31

44
746

37
311

6

8

2
71

Total..

87 1,175

55.6

.186 10.29

31

790

348

6

8

73

13

142

8

40

58

12

7

2

10

11

6
108

20
118

6
138

3
252

25
354

13
45

4

2

114

138

144

255

379

58

4

2

34

30

3

-----

OTHER EMPLOYEES: Male.

61
1,802

60.2

$0.192 $11.20
.196 11.82

Total..

1,863

60.2

.195 11.80

Piece..
Time..

715

55.0
55.1

.285 15.68
.299 16.46

Total..

723

55.1

.299 16.45

PieceTime. .

65
2,214

55.9
60.3

10.39
.199 12.04

Connecticut...............

Georgia......................

12 1,6

1,662

64

53.6
54.3

.256 13.74
.307 16.64

Total..

1,799

54.3

26

21

26

21

47
2,103

188
5,620

52.4
54.6

96

.315 16. 54
.311 16.99

46
1,590

Total..

Total..

2
543

.303 16.24
.331 18.25

54.0
55.7

.270 12.18
.278 15.45

Total..
North Carolina..........




Piece..
Time..

100
2,635

59.7
60.1

.214 12.70
.206 12.38

Total-

2,735

60.1

.206 12.42

,011

34

14

527

179

443

300
201

29

513

17

67

114

67

212

21

3
75
78

109

37

269

24

269

78
1,480
1,558 885

309

201

2,539

13
4
78

1,201 1,761 1,430 745

79

109

37

708

298

169

24

2,441
76

24

32
69
1,175 1,729 1,361

300

262
4,749
135

14

134

87

]3

38

473

.329 18.15

87
152

34

14

2
471

5,688

New York.................. Piece..
Tim e..

.311 16.98

53.5
55.2

.278 15.44

277
5,411

19

431

71

38

502

54.5

20

New Hampshire........ Piece..
Tim e..

19

259

10

57
150
4,767

16
16

5

.305 16.57

Massachusetts............ Piece..
Tim e-

299

T A BL E S,

48
1,751

15

636

2,150

Piece..
Tim e-

20
20

125
125

628
58

Total..
Maine.........................

54

GENERAL

Alabama..................... Piece.
Tim e..

15

52

473

O
O
Cl

T able

C.—AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULL­
TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS, BY STATES, 1918—Concluded.

oo
05

MANUFACTURING—Concluded.
Employees whose full-time hours
per week were—
A ver­
Aver­ age
full­
age
8
earn­ tim e
Over 54
57
48
Un­ and
ings week­ Un­
and and and
per
Over der un­
ly
un­ 60.
60.
der
hour. earn­ der 48. un­ un­ der
10
cts.
der der
ings.
60.
57.
54.
cts.

Employees whose earnings per hour were—

12
and
un­
der
14
cts.

16
and
un­
der
18
cts.

18
and
un­
der
20
cts.

40
and
un­
der
50
cts.

6
252

21
272

116

293

4
270

50
and
un­
der
60
cts.

1
157

60
cts.
and
over.

OTHER EMPLOYEES: M ale-C oncluded.
Rhode Island.

Piece.
Time.

54.0 $0,384 $20.74
54.5
.333 18.10
.336 18.29

60.0
60.2

.196 11.74
.184 11.09

20 2,987

60.2

.184 11.10

Piece.
Time.

43
2,944

Total.

34
99

65

19

151 200
21
30
45
93
27
246 1,215 2,215 1,687 1,341 4,964 5,642 4,523 2,108

10
609

10
228

267 1,242 2,245 1,732 1,400 5,153 5,793 4,723 2,201

619

238

23

891
2,716
2,759

22

129
129

Pennsylvania.

Time.

355

55.0

.254 13.95

2

336

Piece.
Time.

72
858
106 24,8

54.
56.9

10
.276 15.15
.270 15.18 1,046

534
13,380

106 25,740

56.8

.270 15.18 1,126

13,914

116 9,428 1,149

80

554

2
631

7
458

74

45
304

29

274

34

43

41

112

35

349

276

OTHER EMPLOYEES: Female.

Connecticut...




Piece.
Time.

60
340

56.3 $0,125 $7.06
58.8
.122 7.17

Total..

Alabama.........

400

58.5

7.15

Piece.
Time.

22
155

51.!
53. J

10.81
.220 11.84

15
136

Total..

177

53.5

.219 11.71

151

43

63

11

GOODS,

53

14
474

633
17

244
116 9,184 1,149

Total.

80

22

16

A ll States.......

17

4
550

L A B O R — COTTON

54.4

Total.
South Carolina

3
16

O
F

30
and
un­
der
40
cts.

H O U ES

25
and
un­
der
30
cts.

258

14
and
un­
der
16
cts.

20
and
un­
der
25
cts.

7
141

10
and
un­
der
12
cts.

AND

Aver­
N um ­ N um ­ age
ber of ber of full­
estab­ em­ tim e
lish­ ploy­ hours
ments. ees.
per
week.

WAGES

State.

Piece
workers
or
tim e
work­
ers.

108

55

79

Georgia

Piece..
Tim e..
Total..

Maine.

99
245

7
283

.137
.150

7.75
8.71

26.
37.

57.3

10

Piece..
Tim e..

56.1
57.8

.146

8.43

63 .

54.0
53.4

.263 14.23
.224 11.

20.

73.
207

16
4

290

53.4

.225 12.03

270 .

4.

477
1,747

53.2
52.9

.264 14
.278 14.74

46 .
224

~43K
1 ,51 6.

10 "

52.9

.275 14.1

270

53.
53.2

.239 12.
.234 12.43

22 .
131
153

20

1,756

53.3

.235 12.53

Piece..
Tim e..

162
314

58.4
57.

.136
.115

22

58.1

.143

159

54.0
53.1

South Carolina.

167

53.2

Piece..
T im e..

63
221

60.0
59.0

.166
.139

19

Piece..
Tim e..




17 1,577 .

13
65

145 .
272 .
4 17 .

289

905

37
234

153
493

116
385

66

271

646

501

162

30

60

~25~

16
65

94
10

152 .
4
94

3
53

60
24

64

27

2
17 .

64

16

29

27

19

273
850

17
10.

2
40
42

14
23

9.64

137.

54.0
54.0

.103 5.56
.201 10.

1.
93 .

44

94

54.0

.200 10.81

94.

44

Piece..
Tim e..

79 lv
102 4,951

54.
54.3

.219 11.
.225 12.11

Total..

102 6,350

54.4

.224 12.06

133 .
532

19

25

61
43

19
1,315

57

65
260

355

103
376

103
440

104

129

325

435

479

543

72

20 .

226
242

14
18

27

29 .
108.

.179

234

8
21

10

.206 11.13
.172 9 .2 5

138

Piece..
T im e..

38 .

24

11
43

37

67

148

35

23

206 .

37.

17
13

14
71

20
3

1.

63

~136 ~ 156
78

21

20

17 .
42 .

9.95
8.23

25
123

56

109

T otal.. _
A ll States,

49

13

284

Total..
Other States,

18

449 .
1 ,128.

.229 12.21

Total..
Pennsylvania,

1,947 .

81
83

12
~U~

.248 13.41
.228 12.15

Total..

25

TABLES,

476

Piece..
Tim e..

Total..
Rhode Island,

10

29

72

15
3

59 .

8.03
8.53

13
26

GENERAL

Time..

471
1,285

Total..
North Carolina,

Piece..

23(
49

36

Piece..
Tim e..
Total..

New Hampshire,

41

20

Total..
Massachusetts.

14
72

21

37

2

37

37

277
1,655

777 1,932 1,123
00

-3

D . — AVERAGE FULL-TIME HOURS, HOURS ACTUALLY W ORKED, FULL-TIME W E E K L Y EARNINGS AND AMOUNTS
ACTUALLY EARNED, AND NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES W ORKING EACH CLASSIFIED PE R CENT OF FULL TIME AND
EARNING EACH CLASSIFIED AMOUNT, DURING ONE PAY-ROLL PERIOD , FOR PIECE W ORKERS AND TIME WORKERS,
B Y STATES, 1918.
MANUFACTURING.

T a b le

AN
D
$20
and $2o
un­ and
der over.
$25.

O
F

54.2 $11.92

60.0
60.2

49.0 9.80
49.4 11.59

Total..

60.2

49.3 11.50

53.7
54.5
54.1
54.0

54.0
55.2
55.6
54.1

23

Maine................
Massachusetts..
New Hampshire
New York.........

T im e..
T im e..
T im e..
T im e..

Total..

South Carolina. Piece..

Time..




16

2[

62
212
59
24

=L
3

40

9.51

5)

14.16
16.51
16.38
17.05

14.23
16.93
16.87
16.92

3|

60.0
60.0

5
20
3

North Carolina. P iece..
T im e..

Rhode Island... Tim e..

$10.80

59.0 11.13
51.5 11.53

11.01
10.05

60.0

52.7 11.47

10.19

17.J
60.0
60.0

52.7 10.08
50.5 11.35

15.56
8.97
9.64

16

17

20
2
2
1

20

1

1
3

.

2 ...

3
1

4
4

7|
30!
1

10

5
51
10
7

15
1

GOODS.

60.4

Georgia............. Piece..
T im e..

LABOR— COTTON

CARD STRIPPERS: Male.

Alabama........... T im e..

HOURS

State.

Piece
work­
ers or
timeworkers.

Employees working each
Aver­ Aver­
Employees earning each classified amount during one week.
classified per cent of full
Aver­
age
age hours Aver­ age
tim e during one week.
full­ wk’d age amount
Num­Num­ tim e
ber
ber
per full­ earned
of hours em ­ tim e
per
of
per
$9 $10 $11 $12 $14 $16 $18
25 50
75
$3 $4 $5 $6 $7 $8
estab- em­ week ploy­ week­ em­
ployee Un­ and and and
lish- ploy­ of
ee
ly
Over Un­ and and and and and and and and and and and and and
m ’ts. ees. estab­ dur­ earn­ during der un­ un­ un­ 100. 100. der un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­
der
der
$3. der der der der der der der der der der der der der
one
ing
lish­ one ings. week. 25. 50. der 100.
$4. $5. $6. $7. $8. $9. $10. $11. $12, $14. $16. $18. $20.
75.
i n g . week.
1

WAGES

ONE WEEK PAY ROLLS.

00
00

Total..

29

54

60.0

50.6 11.28

9.60:

Other States_ T im e..
_

5

34

54.7

52.7 16.16

15.65

1

1

A ll States.......... Piece..
T im e..

85

12
598

60.0
55.9

54.9 10.54
53.3 14.89

9.75
14.47

19

25

58

610

56.0

53.3 14.80

14.37

19

25

57

Total..

87

[

8

5
63

4
292

2
143

18

7

13

1I
10 * ’i7

296

145

18

7

13

11

2

1

2

4

5

7

7|

1

37

3
13

16

16

16

2:
28l

10

2;

7

1!

1

23
22

68

2

1

15
2

4,1 12

1

5

8

2

2
28|

2
77

113

33;[

79

41i

30
43i

j

1

113

3I
5

1

12

61

61

79

16

61

61

79

16

2!
2

DRAWING-FRAME TENDERS: Male.

Alabama........... Piece..
T im e..

1

1

4

14

60.0
60.3

59.0 $15.96 - $15.72
7.27
45.9 9.38

2

1
1

1

15

60.3

46.8

2

7

2

2
6

14
43

60.0
60.0

34.1 10.97
42.3 10.13

6.26
7.04

3
4

3
5

4
14

2

2

9

3

Total..

7

57

60.0

40.3 10.33

6.85

7

8

18

11

5

Maine................ Piece..
T im e..

1
3

1
1
1

54.0
53.2

29.3 10.96
49.7 13.60

5.95
12.73

1

Total..

3

12

53.3

48.0 13.38

12.17

1

Massachusetts.. Piece..
Tim e..

1
12

5
72;

54.0
54.4

54.0 13.69
52.5 13.43

13.69
13.00

1

Total..

13

77,

54.4

52.6 13.44

13.04

1

North Carolina. Piece..
T im e..

2

12

14

42

60.0
60.1

53.3 11.09
51.7 11.23

10.08
9.57 ""2

54

60.1

9.81

7.83 ....

1

2

2

4

1

1

1

1

1

1
2
2

1

5

4

1

6

2

1

1

4

8

2
1

1
6

2
6

1
6

4

1

2
6

8

8

3

7

8

7

4

1

8

1

1
0

1

1

1
0

1

4

4

3

5
47

13

1

4

2

1

2

3

5

4

4

3

52

13 ----

4

2

1

2

3

6

1
2

2
6

2
8

2
1

4

3
3 * 2

1
2
1

1

6

2

3

Total..

14

11.20

9.68

2

3

8

10

25

4
16

29 '60.0
110 56.7

47.2 11.24
46.3 8.87

8.97
7.44

3
3

1

4

13

20

1
2
23

9
51

T otal..

20

139

57.4

46.5

9.37

7.76

6

14

24

35

60

_
Other States_ T im e..

8

47

52.7

48.2 13.73

12.38

3

3

5

34

2

All States......... Piece..
T im e..

1
1

59.4
56.7

45.9 11.26
48.1 11.11

9.01
9.68

6

1
1

20

63

62
339

168

3
28

Total..

69

401

57.0

47.8 11.18

9.58

188

31




1

13

5
27

54

17
49

19

32

65

66

1

2

5

1

2

2

5

1

2

2

9

17

14

1
0

9

19

16

10_

1
2

1

7

9

3
3

1

3

6

1

5

4

4

5

9

8

3

1
0

6

3

4

2

4

1
2

2!

2

13

8

13

21

15

1
1

1

1

1

1

5

1
24

3
18

25

21

"3

J !

2

17

4
18

3
17

21

3
35

23

22 20

26

38

8

2

1

2

1

1
....... 1 . . . .
!
1

3

19 " i s

6

1

4

10 **"9
9

1
1

2

1

2 2
1
6 1

3

1

1

3
5

South Carolina. Piece..
T im e..

52.1

1

TABLES.

4

Georgia............. P iece..
T im e..

2

GENERAL

Total..

2
2

7

i

8

in

1

6
8

12

12

5

14

3

2

3

26

3

9

6

10

6

26

27

5
18

67

28

14

4j

4

1
1

35

33

23

77

34

14

4I

4

O

i

1
1
3

1
l

1

00
CO

T a b l e D . — AVERAGE FULL-TIME HOURS, HOURS ACTUALLY W ORKED, FULL-TIME W E E K L Y EARNINGS AND AMOUNTS

ACTUALLY EARNED, AND NUM BER OF EMPLOYEES WORKING EACH CLASSIFIED P E R CENT OF FULL TIME AND
EARNING EACH CLASSIFIED AMOUNT, DURING ONE PAY-ROLL PERIOD, FOR PIECE W ORKERS AND TIM E W ORKERS,
B Y STATES, 1918—Continued.

<©
°

MANUFACTURING—Continued.

AN
D
$20
and $25
un­ and
der over..
$25.

O
F

Georgia

Piece..
T im e..

3
1
6

38

53.2

52.1 S9.99

12
29

60.0
60.0

42.9 8.78
44.6 9.21

1

$9.83

2
6

6.27
6.89

T otal..

7

41

60.0

44.1 9.08

6.71

Maine
. - T im e..
Massachusetts.. Time..

4
17

101
277

53.2
53.7

49.7 11.16
50.7 12.17

10.46
11.48

New Hampshire Piece..
T ime..

1
3

2
88

54.0
54.0

49.0 12.20
51.2 11.64

11.13
11.04

Total..

3

90

54.0

51.2 11.65

2
5
8

1
2
9

32
3
2

2
4

j
5
13 ~ “ l
6
14
78
16
30
223

2

1

3

1
10

11.04

2

1

3

11

73

8.77

7

Time..

13

130

57.2

47. 8 10.29

8

25

20

68

All States......... Piece..
Time..

2
46

14
663

59.1
54.6

43.8 9.27
49.9 11.32

2
6.96
10.44 " l i 22

5
60

3
84

4
475

Total..

47

677

54.7

49.7 11.28

10.37

65

87

479

Other States—




14

24

2
5

4
1
5

1
2

7

4

1
72

8
1
4

1

2

3

2
2 "l

7
2
3

r

4
6 "4"

6
1
7

7

10

-

2

5

10

4

8

3

8
8

1
6

38
14
1
4

1

1

1

2

3

[

2

1
11
6

4
82

21
101

4

55

1
13

1

I
1
__

1

9
43

1

3

2

1

1

7

2
2

|
i

1

1

7

5

4

55

14

11

19

13

24

3

7

24

3

7

9

5

5

14

13

5

14

13

8

17

2
14

1
10

2
20

4
35 *30

1
35

3
75

77

160

1
156

8

17

16

11

22

39

30

36

78

77

160

157

[
j
'

2 .......i........

7

1

LABOR---------------------------------------------------------------------------

DRAWING-FRAME TENDERS : Female.
Connecticut___ Tim Pi..

HOURS

State.

Piece
work­
ers or
timework­
ers.

Employees working each
Aver­ Aver­
Employees earning each classified amount during one week.
classified per cent of full
Aver­
age
age hours Aver­ age
tim e during one week.
full­ wk’d age amount
Num­Num­ tim e
ber
ber hours per full­ earned
of
of
per
per em­ tim e
$9 $10 $11 $12 $14 $16 $18
75
$3 $4 $5 $6 $7 $8
25 50
estab­ em­ week ploy­ week­ em­
Un­ and and and and and and and and and and and and and
lish­ ploy­
ee
ployee U n­ and and and
ly
Over
of
in g . ees. estab- dur­ earn­ during der un­ un­ un­ 100. 100. der un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­
$3. der der der der der der der der der der der der der
ing
der
der
one
lish- one ings. week. 25. 50. der 100.
75.
m’ts. week.

WAGES

ONE WEEK PAY BOILS—Continued.

SLUBBER TENDERS: Male,
5
3

49
10

60.0
55.6

49.0 $13 23 $11.09
43.9 8.84
7.16

3

T im e..
Total..

6

59

58.3

47.3 12.48

10.42

3

Connecticut___ P iece..
Timft .

4
1

15
4

55.0
55.0

53.6 17. 78
52.5 18.84

1
1

17
5

9
1

18

2

22

10

18

17.30
18.04

1

14
3

I
1

1

1

9
2

12
4

13
5

3
3

4

3

1
3

3

3

4

3

3

2

3
1

L l

4

2

3

6
2

1

10
2

5

4

4

8

1

12

5

4

4

1

4

1

1
1

6
1

7
2

i

17

10
2

1
3

T otal..

4

19

55.0

53.4 18.00

17.46

Georgia............. Piece..
T im e..

8
3

52
14

60.0
60.0

45.8 14.22
46.0 13.47

11.06
10.26

9
,

1

2

7

9

4
3

8
4

8
1

5

4

2

7

12

9

5

4

1

1

3

7

8

8

6

2
1

2

4

3
1

3
1

2
1

1

5
1

1
1

3

2

4

4

4

3

1

6

1

1

66

60.0

45.8 14.06

10.89

3

12

11

16

18

6

5

86

54.0

52.7 21.00

20.56

1

1

7

5

64

8

1

41

14

M assachusetts.. Piece..
T im e..

18
3

141
11

54.0
54.0

55.0 19.70
54.0 16.43

20.18
16.42

1

4

7

17

74
11

38

1

2

2

1

1

2

1

2

12
3

23
7

22
1

44

28

TotaL.

20

152

54.0

54.9 19.47

19.90

1

4

7

17 j

85

38

1

2

2

1

1

2

1

2

15

30

23

44

28

3

26
3

8

1

4

9

20

3

29

8

1

20

IS
3

2
1

1

1
1

1

21

3

1

2

1

New Hampshire Piece..
T im e..

3
1

38
3

54.0
54.0

54.0 20.51
54.0 15.50

20. 64
15. 50

1
1

Total..

3

41

54.0

54.0 20.14

20.26

North Carolina. Piece..
T im e..

10
5

24
7

60.0
60.0

56.6 14.18
53.9 10.46

13.61
9.45

2

1

2 !
2 !

Total..

14

31

60.0

56.0 13.34

12.67

2

1

4

Rhode Islan d... Piece...

3

25

54.0

48.9 21.66

19.37

3

2

South Carolina. Piece..
T im e..

20
1

103
2

60.0
60.0

52.0 13.68
60.0 10.74

12.08
10.73

1

5

15

34

47
2

Total..

20

105

60.0

52.2 13.63

12.05

1

5

15

34

_
Other States_ Piece..

2

11

54.0

53.3 15.99

15. 78

1

PieceTime..

78
17

544
51

56.5
57.1

52.3 17.44
49.9 13.22

16. 55
11.80

9
1

26
3

58
8

Total..

85

595

56.6

52.1 17.07

16.14

10

29

66

A ll States.........




3
3

9

6

1

8

5

6

1

1

2

2
1

7
1

2

2

3
1

1

20

4

5

1
1

1

4

1
4

16

1

1

1

5

3

3

5

5

3
1

11

7
1

25

17

14

1

2

49

1

1

1

5

3

3

5

5

4

11

8

25

2

1

17 i 14
5
3

1

9

1

83
8

303
27

65
4

7
1

6
3

10
3

12
2

11
1

11
2

11

14
4

22
4

17
5

59
7

61
8

73
8

61
3

123

46

91

330

69

8

9

13

14

12

13

11

18

26

22

66

69

81

64

123

46

2

TABLES,

8

GENERAL

T otal..
Maine................ Piece..

T a b l e D . — AVERAGE

FULL-TIME HOURS, HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED, FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS AND AMOUNTS
ACTUALLY EARNED, AND NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES WORKING EACH CLASSIFIED PER CENT OF FULL TIME AND
EARNING EACH CLASSIFIED AMOUNT, DURING ONE PAY-ROLL PERIOD, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS,
' BY STATES, 1918—Continued.
MANUFACTURING—Continued.

25 50
Un­ and and
der un­ un­
25. der der
50. 75.

Employees earning each classified amount during one week.

75
$3 $4 So $6 $7 $8
and
U n­ and and and and and and
un­ 100. Over der un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­
100. $3. der der der der der der
der
$4.
100.
$6. $7. $8. $9.

$9
and
un­
der
$10.

$10
and
un­
der
$11.

$11
and
un­
der
$12.

$12
and
un­
der
$14.

$14
and
un­
der
$16.

$16
and
un­
der
$18.

$18
and
un­
der
$20.

$20
and $25
un­ and
der over.

O
F

12
2

47
3

5 4 .2
5 4 .0

T otal..

13

50

5 4 .2 1 4 9 .9

5 0 .6 $15.43
3 9 .3 1 2.12
15.23

$ 18.77
8 .9 0

1
1

14.18

2

1

4 '

i
-

1

1

1

4

"

1
1

1 2

2

40 1
2

j

1.........

1
2

.. . J

i! 1
!

q - r

i 1

i

l

3
1

7
10
1 1

13

4

l

i

l

4

8

13

4

10

i

Piece. .
Time..

60.0
60.0

48.5 $11.95 $10.17
43.6 9.50
6.96

1
1

18

T otal..

95

48.1 11.77

9.94

Piece.,.
Time-

166
10

60.0
60.0

46.2 14.11
51.9 11.48

11.07
9.79

Total. .

176

60.0

46.5

11.00

21

25

21

Georgia..




34

25

12

18

17

40
39

74

10

40

2

GOODS.

SPEEDER TENDERS: Male.

Alabama.

1 !

LABOE— COTTON

SLUBBER TENDERS: Female.

All States......... Piece..
Tim e..

HOUES

State.

Employees working each
classified per cent of full
tim e during one week.

AN
D

Piece
work­
ers or
timeworkers.

Aver­
Aver­ age
age hours Aver­ Aver­
age
full­
Num­N um ­ tim e w k;d age amount
ber hours per full­ earned
ber
em­ tim e
of
of
per
per
estab- em­ week ploy­ week­ em­
lish- ploy­ of
ee
ployee
ly
m'ts. ees. estab- dur­ earn­ during
ing
one
lish- one ings. week.
m*ts.' week.

WAGES

ONE WEEK PAY ROLLS— Continued.

CD

to

24

17

Massachusetts.. Piece.
Time.
T otal..
North Carolina

158
45

14

203

54.0

55.1 18.6

54.1 14.76
54.9 10.51

13.34
9.62

181

60.1

54.3 14.33

12.97

60.1

50.3 13.23

11.28

54.2
54.9

51.6 18.31
53.3 19.63

17.49
19.21

190

54.2

20

Other States___ PieceT im e..

1,184

58.1

66
4

14
4

14

143

104
10
29
45

10
5

10

13
1

15

114
139

10

130
12

17

38

35

70

18

33
3

47

26

20

1

13

26

47

26

54

4

15
37

14

39

33

81

22

4

10

15

142

15

10
45
10

40
3

22

37

55

43

35
4

56
9

66
6

72
11

183
12

162
7

124
13

12

114
7

39

65

72

83

195

169

137

110

121

12

17.64

13.76

14

13.71
14.28

51.2 15.16

2

13

12
1

12

15

13
16

11

60

16

19

43

1
125

38

1
13

353

228

107

72

107

72

13

574
63
29

69

143

238

637

68

34

13

32
24

27

32

39

SPEEDER TENDERS: Female.

Piece..
T im e..

92

60.0
62.0

45.4 $10.33
58.0 9.42

$7.88
8.79

T otal..

101

60.2

46.5 10.25

148
9

55.0
55.0

52.3 15.08
52.2 18.10

14.31
17.19

T otal..

33

7.96

Connecticut___ Piece..
T im e..

157

55.0

52.3 15.25

339

60.0
54.0

46.6 12.16
50.2 15.96

10.56
14.81

Massachusetts.. Piece..
T im e..

1,194
31

54.0
53.7

49.8 15.77
51.2 13.25

14.57
12.63

T otal..

20 1,225

54.0

49.8 15.70

14.53

New Hampshire Piece..
T im e..

144

54.0
54.0

49.7 15.93
38.3 12.92

14.64
9.06

46

14.47

Piece..
Piece.

27
131

Georgia..
Maine. . .

46
35
278
944
28

68
28

105

11
6
16
1

972
117
5

25

16

10
6

10

14

17
1

10

4
10

27
1

11
20
58

229
15

18

362
23

43

T otal..

New York..

153

54.0

15.75

14.31

122

23

45

Piece..

135

54.0

14.42

13.89 | 2

122

48

61




12

43

TABLES,

Alabama.

19

GENERAL

T otal..

51.7 18.42
51.0 15.19
53.0 14.83

16

Piece..
T im e..

25
13

33

7

31

19.16

60.1
60.0

10

112

19.91
16.53

174
16

T otal..

T otal..

55.4 19.33
53.9 16.43

163
18

19

Piece..
T im e..

South Carolina. Piece..

All States..

54.0
53.8

12

C
D
CO

T a b l e D . — AVERAGE

FULL-TIME HOURS, HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED, FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS AND AMOUNTS
ACTUALLY EARNED, AND NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES WORKING EACH CLASSIFIED PER CENT OF FULL TIME AND
EARNING EACH CLASSIFIED AMOUNT, DURING ONE PAY-ROLL PERIOD, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS,
BY STATES, 1918—Continued.
MANUFACTURING— Continued.

AN
D
$20
and $25
un­ and
der over.
$25.

O
F

U
2

34
3

60.0
60.0

52.1 $12.39 $10.83
60.0 12.13
12.13,

2

5

6

20
3

1

2

1

1

2

2

2

5

7
1

8
2

4

1

13

37

60.0

52.7 12.37

10.94

2

5

6

23

2

1

2

2

2

5

8

10

4

1

3

195

54.0

50.4 16.47

15.39

4

6

7

24

154

1

3

1

5

1

4

3

6

5

5

19

54

35

33

19

South Carolina. PieceT im e..

18
1

186
2

60.0
46.0

47.2 11.98
46.0 6.30

9.56
6.30

6

19

37

69

55
2

8

7

9

13

13
2

11

10

19

26

24

33

5

5

2

1

T otal..

18

188

59.9

47.2 11.92

9.52

6

19

37

69

57

8

7

9

13

15

11

10

19

26

24

33

5

5

2

1

Other States___ Piece..

1

12

54.0

49.5 13.76

12.61

1

1

10

1

5

4

All States.......... Piece..
T im e..

80 2,575
63
14

55.0
55.2

49.7 15.09
50.7 13.08

13.81
12.00

57 126
3
2

224
4

273 1,892
3
47

3
4

56
2

31
2

35

55

59
6

57

65
1

71
5

101
3

148
8

481
17

639
11

455

203
8

115

4

T otal..

83 2,638

55.0

49.7 15.04

13.77

60 128

228

276 1,939

7

58

33

35

55

65

57

66

76

104

156

498

650

455

211

115

4




1

1

1

GOODS.

T otal..
Rhode Island... Piece..

LABOR— COTTON

SPEEDER TENDERS: Fem ale—Concluded.
North Carolina. Piece..
T im e..

HOURS

State.

Piece
work­
ers or
timeworkers.

Employees working each
Aver­ Aver­
Employees earning each classified amount during one week.
classified per cent of full
Aver­
age
age hours Aver­ age
tim e during one week.
full­ w k’d
Num­N um ­ time
age amount
ber
ber hours per full­ earned
of
per
of
em­ time
estab- em­ per ploy­ week­ em­
$9 $10 $11 $12 $14 $16 $18
25 50
75
$3 $4 $5 $6 $7 $8
lish- ploy­ week ee
ployee U n­ and and and
ly
Over U n­ and and and and and and and and and and and and and
of
m ’ts. ees. estab- dur­ earn­ during der un­ un­ un­ 100. 100. der un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­
ing
der
der
one
$3. der der der der der der der der der der der der der
lish- one ings. week. 25. 50. der 100.
75.
$4. $5. $6. $7. $8. $9. $10. $11. $12. $14. $16. $18. $20.
m ’ts. week.

^

WAGES

ONE WEEK PAY ROLLS—Continued.

<p

SPINNERS, MULE: Male.
9

3

55.0

53.1 23.44

22.81

2

3

54.0

53.4 27.74

27.42

54.0
54.0

51.1 28.96
54.0 31.05

27.25
31.05

147

54.0

51.2 28.98

48

54.0

47.7 22.84
51.0 26.42
54.9 27.05

24.89
26.82

3

9

51.3 26.46

25.01

3

9

58
17

Total..

3

75

Piece..

3

22

Massachusetts.. Piece..
Time..

7
1

145
2

Total..

7

Rhode Island... Piece..

3

Maine.........

Piece..
Time..

55.0
55.0

Piece..
Time..

16
2

273
19

54.2
54.9

Total..

All States........

16

292

54.3

3
1

49
16

1

2

1

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

4

65

2

20

7

22

111
2

1
1

2
'
2

1

10
1

19
4

21
12

1

11

23

33

1

1

3

27.30

1

3

7

22

113

20.34

2

4

3

3

36

13

30
1

216
18

2

2

13

31

234

2

2

1

2

1

1

....

2

1

2

1

6

17

31

102
2
104

6

31

2

3

3

31

5

3

7

48
1

102
4

93
14

2
2

4

1

3

2

1

1

3

3

5

3

2

1

1

3

3

5

3

7

49

106

107

SPINNERS, FRAME: Male.

1
12

51
128

54.0
53.9

42.9 $18.18 $14.84
13.32
46.4 15.21

10
5

4
9

5
17

2
13

15
82

15
2

2
6

8
4

3

1
4

3
4

6

4

1
8

1
5

2
10

15

4
14

2
13

11
14

12
17

4
1

Total..

12

179

54.0

45.4 16.05

15

13

22

15

97

17

8

12

3

5

7

6

4

9

6

12

15

18

15

25

29

5

2

1

2
1

5
5

New Hampshire Piece..
Time..

2
1

10
1

54.0
54.0

13.75

53.0 17.07
54.0 16.52

1

16.78
16.50

9
1

Total..

2

11

54.0

53.1 17.02

16.75

1

10

South Carolina. Time.,
Other States.... Time..

18
15

95
84

54.3
55.2

38.8 8.17
45.5 14.03

5.98
11.64

7
6

8
5

29
11

28
18

23
41

3

12
5

All States........ Piece..
Time..

3
46

61
308

54.0
56.1

44.6 18.00
43.9 12.71

15.16
10.61

10
18

4
22

5
57

3
59

24
147

15
5

Total..

47

369

55.8

44.0 13.59

11.36

28

26

62

62

171

20




2
7
2

1

3

3
4

7
4

2
3

3
6

2
16

1
11

8

3

6

11

1
19

1
10

2
19

2
31

5
28

4
22

16
17

12
23

4
1

26 - 11

20

11

21

33

33

26

33

35

5

20
4

8
4

2
23

1
8
13 *2i* 28

3
16

26

25

21

19

15
3

21

29

TABLES.

Massachusetts.. Piece..
Time..

G EN ER AL

52.7 $22.52 $21.79
54.4 26.58
26.32

3
1

Connecticut___

15
5

CD
Cn

T a b l e D . — AVERAGE

FULL-TIME HOURS, HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED, FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS AND AMOUNTS
ACTUALLY EARNED, AND NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES WORKING EACH CLASSIFIED PER CENT OF FULL TIME AND
EARNING EACH CLASSIFIED AMOUNT, DURING ONE PAY-ROLL PERIOD, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS,
BY STATES, 1918—Continued.

CO
a

MANUFACTURING—Continued.

AN
D
$20
and $25
un­ and
der over.
$25.

HOURS

State.

Piece
work­
ers or
timework­
ers.

^ _
working each
Aver­ Aver­
Employees earning each classified amount during one week.
classified per cent of full
Aver­
age
age hours Aver­ age
time during one week.
full­
Num­Num­ time w k’d age amount
ber ber
per full­ earned
of hours em­ time
per
of
per
estab­ em­ week ploy­ week­ em­
75
$9 $10 $11 $12 $14 $16 $18
25 50
$3 $4 $5 $6 $7 $8
lish­ ploy­ of
U n­and and and and and and and and and and and and and
ployee U n­ and and and
ee
ly
in g . ees. estab- dur­ earn­ during der un­ un­ un­ 100. Over der un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­
100. $3. der der der der der der der der der der der der der
one
der
ing
lish- one ings. week. 25. der der 100.
50. 75.
$4. $0. $6. $7. $8. $9. $10. $11. $12. $14. $16. $18. $20.
m ’ts. week.

WAGES

ONE WEEK PAY ROLLS—Continued.

O
F

Alabama.......
Connecticut...

T im e..
T im e..

425
173

59.0
54.4

L82
45.9
49.1 14.34

$7.82
12.99

Georgia..........

Piece..
T im e..

119
426

58.9
60.1

39.9 9.49
45.3 11.07

6.46
8.44

10

30

128
121

29

13
126

Total..

545

59 J

44.1 10.72

8.00

Maine............

Tim e..

540

53.7

46.5 15. 75

13.67

333

Massachusetts

Piece..
T im e..

92
1,730

54.0
53.7

49.8 17.61
49.5 14.70

16.30
14.45

75
1,334

Total..

1,822

53.7

14.84

14.54

New Hampshire Piece..
T im e..

306
134

54.0
54.0

50.6 15.82
46.3 15.97

14.81
13.54

Total..

440

54.0

49.3 15.86

14.43

New Y o r k ...... T im e..
North Carolina. T im e..
Rhode Islan d.. Time..

209
456
272

54.0
58.2
53.8

50.8 14.39
49.1 10.57
48.8 16.32

13.58
9.01
14.85




35

60

151

78

146

139

14

46

36

38

70

66

62

46

13
13

32

56

18
87

63

35

368

76

30

46
10

27

29

61

46

247
35

52
34

33

25

173

20

327

18

115

324

591

52

112

10

165
239
200

16

LABOR-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

SPINNERS, FRAME: Female.

20, 1,205
1
36

59.1
54.6

44.2 9. 78
41.8 10.47

All States

124794°— 19— Bull. 262-

South Carolina. T im e..
Other States___ P iece..
Piece..
Tim e..

6
553
81 5,570

55.1

56.1

47.6 14.41
47.4 12.83

Total..

85 6,123

56.0

47.4 12.98

..

97 116 122 120
3
1
3
1

149
3

140
5

80
4

85
2

89
6

14
2

.2

1

12.85 18 36
11.38 185 396

6 15 21 28 32
352
25
67
80
802 1050 3,112 "25* 255 151 202 242 329 336

19
384

27
379

19
329

17
378

44
785

99
955

117
582

68
170

16
91

2

11.51 203 432

869 1130 3, ‘ 04

25 280 157 217 2G3 357 368

403

406

348

395

829 1,054 699

238

107

2

7.50
8.43

79 131
4
3

232
5

376
7

386
17

1 120
6

70

1

DOFFERS: M ale.
P iece..
T im e..

54
189

60.0
58.5

48.4 $11.31
45.3 11.04

$9.42
9.02

1
6

7
20

9
C
O

12
40

25
61

2

19

2
10

2
14

2
10

4
29

4
15

4
10

9
11

6
5

10

8
19

3
21

4
9

1
4

3

Total..
Connecticut___

1
6
6

243

58.8

46.0 11.10

9 .n

7

27

69

52

86

2

24

12

16

12

33

19

14

20

11

10

27

24

13

5

3

Tim e..

1
4

6
67

53.3
51.3

53.7 14 37
48.9 12. G
O

14.41
12.06

2

1

2

2
4

1
51

3
7

2

1

1

1

3

1
13

5

3
15

14

2
9

3

GENERAL

4

73

51.4

49.3 12. 74

12.25

2

1

2

6

52

10

2

1

1

1

3

14

5

IS

14

11

3
6

88
218

59.8
59.7

41.2 12.76
45.7 13.52

8.96
10.56

5
20

15
22

29
41

19
51

20
76

8

7
20

6
8

4
8

4
8

10
6

8
10

8
16

10
12

8
25

3
17

6
37

7
28

4
9

2
8

1
6

25

37

70

70

96

8

27

14

12

12

16

18

24

22

33

20

43

35

13

10

7

14

14

21

78

1

1

1

8

4

3

3

5

6

19

24

38

11

5

6
17

10
16

17
27

76
217

17
38

3
10

1
5

1
2 **3'

1
6

4
4

6
5

9
10

14
28

7
21

26
72

16
105

9
19

12
15

13
17

8
3

23

26

44

293

55

13

6

3

7

8

11

19

42

28

98

121

28

27

30

11

12

20
35

16

1

1

2

2

1

3

1
1

1
2

1
2

3
13

10
10

5
14

5

12

7

12

55

16

1

1

2

2

1

3

2

3

3

16

20

19

5

12

7

3

6

59

3

1

5

1

4

1

10

28

21

6

8
142

3

14

6

8

15

28

28

3
41

3
27

1
33

1
16

7
32

3

3

14

6

8

15

28

28

44

30

34

17

39

3

1
2

1
6

2
22

1
5

6
9

5
14

7
1

3

7

24

6

15

19

8

T otal..

8

306

59.8

44.4 13.30

10.10

Maine................ T im e..

4

128

53.8

46.8 14.55

12.66

Massachusetts.. P iece..
Tim e..

6
17

130
325

52.5
53.0

48.1 15.49
49.1 14.35

14.41
13.38

Total..

20

455

52.8

48.8 14.68

13.68

New Hampshire Piece..
T im e..

1
1

21
76

54.0
54.0

53.1 14.86
50.3 17.10

14.64
16.23

7

1
6

Total..

2

97

54.0

50.9 16.62

15.89

7

7

Tim e..

2

77

54.4

49.5 15.67

14.14

North Carolina. Piece..
Tim e..

1
14

15
251

57.3
55.6

54.2 11.64
47.5 9.95

11.05
8.54

Total..

14

266

55.6

47.5 10.05

8. 68

Rhode Islan d... Piece..
Time..

1
2

28
78

54.0
53.6

48.4 20.58
47.4 17.16

T otal..

3

106

53.7

47.7 18.07

New Y ork..




4
10
14

16

3

3

17

24

7
55

17

24

62

150

18.36
14. 98

2
1 ” 8'

3
6

2
8

21
55

1
1

2

1
4

1
4

4

2
2

15.88

3

9

10

76

2

2

5

5

4

4

10
10

8

2
2

TABLES.

T otal..
Georgia.............. P iece..
Tim e..

T a b l e D . — AVERAGE

FULL-TIME HOURS, HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED, FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS AND AMOUNTS
ACTUALLY EARNED, AND NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES WORKING EACH CLASSIFIED PER CENT OF FULL TIME AND
EARNING EACH CLASSIFIED AMOUNT, DURING ONE PAY-ROLL PERIOD, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS,
BY STATES, 1918—Continued.

<©
00

MANUFACTURING— Continued.

AN
D
$20
and $25
un­ and
der over.
$25.

O
F

12
12

309
242

Total..

20

Other States.... Time..

1

$9.08
8.54

13
14

26
23

76
29

81
78

I ll
94

2
4

20
22

10
9

17
11

21
15

24
19

36
28

27
21

26
28

37
22

20
19

37
40

20
6

11
2

2

1

46.0 10. 93

8.84

27

49

105

159

205

6

42

19

28

36

43

64

48

54

59

39

77

26

13

2

1

29.3

8.10

4.40

1

57.1
55.7

46.5 12.88
47.3 12.88

10.83
11.18

25 54
70 129

128
203

140
302

40
98

56.1

47.1 12.88

11.08

95 183

331

442 1,150

58.4
57.8

45.9 $11.30
46.2 10.45

551

58.1

3

54.0

All States......... Piece..
Time..

26
651
69 1,654

T otal..

84 2,305

1

2
282
868

22
82

2

35
90

20
47

24
48

27
64

53
94

48
104

60
100

68
140

33
112

91
268

58
275

36
99

23
52

20
52

15
11

104 125

67

72

91 138 147

152

160

208

145

359

333

135

75

72

26

DOFFERS: Female.
Time..

5

203

53.2

48.5 $13.51 $12.30

2

9

21

24

147

1

7

5

10

24

10

13

16

24

60

23

5

2

M assachusetts.. Piece..
Time..

3
8

131
148

50.3
52.4

47.8 12.31
49.1 13.99

11.73
13.05

2
2

1
5

5
5

19
21

104
101

14

2
2

1
3

1
1

2
3

4

9
3

8
4

37
8

7
9

28
40

30
61

3
5

2
4

1
1

Total..

10

279

51.4

48.5 13.20

12.41

4

6

10

40

205

14

4

4

2

5

4

12

12

45

16

68

91

8

6

2

Maine




3

LABOR------------------------------------------------------------------------------

DOFFERS: M ale—Concluded.
South Carolina. Piece..
Time..

HOURS

State.

Piece
work­
ers or
timework­
ers.

Employees working each
Aver­ Aver­
Employees earning cach classified amount during one week.
classified per cent of full
Aver­
age
age hours Aver­ age
time during one week.
full­ w k’d age amount
Num­N um ­
time
ber
ber hours per full­ earned
per
of
of
per em­ time
75
$9 $10 $11 $12 $14 $16 $18
25 50
$3 $4 $5 $6 $7 $8
estab­ em­ week ploy­ week­ em­
lish­ ploy­
ployee U n­ and and and
ee
ly
Over U n­ and and and and and and and and and and and and and
of
i n g . ees. estab- dur­ earn­ during der un­ un­ un­ 100. 100. der un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­
der der der
$3. der der der der der der der der der der der der der
one
lish- ing ings. week. 25. 50. 75. 100.
$4. $5 $6. $7. $8 $9. $10. $11. $12. $14. $16. $18. $20.
one
m ’ts. week.

WAGES

ONE WEEK PAY B O IL S — Continued.

Other States_
_

Piece..
Tim e..

2
5

6
65

52.6
52.8

53.6 11.46
47.8 10.35

11.66
9.49

2

3

3

10

5
47

1

2

3

2

1

3

2

7
7

4

24

4
5

5

1
7

1
5

6

71

52.8

48.3 10.45

9. 66

2

3

3

10

52

1

1

2

5
18

137
416

50.4
52.8

48.1 12.27
48.5 13.18

11.72
12.12

2
6

1
17

5
29

19
55

109
295

1
14

2
5 ” 6’

1
3

1
9

21

553

52.2

48.2 12.95

12.03

8

18

34

74

404

15

7

4

10

12

16

24

9

5

8

6

8
38

41
26

7
30

29
71

31
126

3
28

2
9

1
3

21

40

46

67

37

100

157

31

11

4

31

24

19

13

2
10

Total..

4
9
31

11

T otal..
All States.......... Piece..
Time..

6

SPOOLER TENDERS: Female.
18
1

8.56

7.03

11

19

53.7
52.9

12.57
51.3 9.50

11.33
9.15

59.8
60.0

47.1
47.8

9.75

59.8

47.1

97.3

53.9
54.0

49.3 13.26
50.1 12.96

12.05

53.9

49.4 13.2

12. 20

53.4
51.8

49.2 13.44
48.5 11.57

12.45
10.84

54.0
54.0

47.9 12. 89
50.9 11.99

11.50
11.31

59.7
60.0

46.0 $8.43
55.9 9.23

221

59.8

47.5

Connecticut___ Piece..
Time..
T otal..
Georgia..

T o ta l..
Maine.

257
25

Piece..
T ime..
T otal..

854
47

M assachusetts.. Piece..
Tim e..
T otal..

20

901

38
43

82

16

24

7.86
7.40

17

78

12.22

12. 36

New Hampshire Piece..
Tim e..

115
2

T otal..

117

54.0

47.9 12. 88

11.50

New York......... Piece..
North Carolina. Piece..

85
212

54.0
59.3

47.1 12.79
44.9 9.64
44.3 11.72
52.0 13.96
47.9 12.76

11.44

25

34

31

11

28

19
15

36
36

187
21
208

17

614
35
153

31

17

649

17

11

21

42

67

74

75

17

11
29

132

81

10

13.48

53.8

14
13

30

11.18
7.40

53.7
54.0

34

18

22

10

10.96

:9.3
262
4

Piece.
Tim e..

66

TABLES,

10
1

186
35

GENERAL

$6.74
8. 58

Piece..
Time.
T otal..

Alabama.

Rhode Island... Piece..
Tim e..




Total..

108

19
19

78

73

10

13

19

20

SO

<&
>

FULL-TIME HOURS, HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED, FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS AND AMOUNTS
ACTUALLY EARNED, AND NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES WORKING EACH CLASSIFIED PER CENT OF FULL TIME AND
EARNING EACH CLASSIFIED AMOUNT, DURING ONE PAY-ROLL PERIOD, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS,
BY STATES, 1918—Continued.
MANUFACTURING—Continued.

AN
D

State.

$20
and $25
un­ and
der over.
$25.

O
F

SPOOLER TENDERS: Female—Concluded.

20

58.6
60.0

45.0 $8.72
43.8
.12

$6.76
6.69

46.2 11.19
36.9 9.47

54.0

8.7 10.33

195

56.1
54.7

47.3 11.33
50.7 11.54

9.82
10.73

2,878

56.0

47.6 11.34

167

71

39

52

T otal..

99

28

18

27

28

18

403

52

52

194
15

215

126 159 182 234

209

253

247

277

424

305

2 | 1

1
1

2

1

2

1
3

9

2
1

2

1,409
148
96 202

40

27

7.87

Piece.
Time.

8.73

190

39

9.76
5.98

Total.
All States.

74

71

2

2

1

2

4

9

3

66

174

90

174

89

594 1,557

72

59

11

59

11

1
1

1

3

2

1

3

GOODS.

45.0

54.0
54.0

166
1

74

28

58.6

Piece.
Time.

Total.
_
Other States_

28

LABOR— COTTON

552
6

South Carolina. Piece.
Time.

WARPER TENDERS: M ale.
All States......... Piece..
Tim e..




Total..
“ ^1

9
23

60.0
60.0

56.7 $17.58 $16.84
10.94
50.9 13.24

4

1
3

1
1

7
12

32

5 i
13 |

60.0

52.5 14.46

4

4

2

1

19

12.60

3
3 I- 1 - 1
'

HOURS

Piece
work­
ers or
timework­
ers.

Employees working each
Aver­ Aver­
classified per cent of full
Employees earning each classified amount during one week.
Aver­
age
age hours Aver­ age
time during one week.
full­
Num­Num­ time w k’d age amount
per full­ earned
ber
ber
of
of hours em­ time per
per
estab- em­ week ploy­ week­ em­
25 50
75
13 $4 $5 $6 17 $8
$9 $10 $11 $12 $14 $16 $18
lish- ploy­
U n­ and and and and and and and and and and and and and
ee
ployee Un­ and and and
ly
of
m ’ts. ees. estab­ dur­ earn­ during der un­ un­ un­ 100. Over der un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­
100. $3. der der der der der der der der der der der der
der der der
ing
one
der
lish­ one ings. week. 25. 50. 75. 100.
$4. $5. $6. $7. $8, $9. $10. $11. $12. $14. $16. $18. $20.
in g . week.

WAGES

ONE WEEE: PAY ROLLS— Continued.

100

T a b l e D . — AVERAGE

1 |

.......

WARPER TENDERS: Female.
60.3
59.9

Alabama........... Piece..
T im e..

49.8 $11.60
56.8 10.56

$9.64
10.06

TotaL.

27

60.2

52.4 11.21

Connecticut___ Piece..
T im e..

16
10

55.0
55.0

53.7 15.95
55.0 11.27

15.90
11.28

10.
10 .

Total..

26

54.3 14.15

14.13

20 .

Georgia............. Piece..
Tim e..

18
11

60.0
60.0

41.1 11
48.0 11.05

8.45
9.09

60.0

43.7 11.60

8.70

13

54.0
54.0

50.3 15.08
53.2 14.08

14.15
13.93

Total..
50

Total..
Massachusetts.. Piece..
T im e..

10
40 .
12 .

16
3

11
2

29
36

~27~

52 .

63

50.9 14.87

14.09

53.8
54.0

50.3 15.43
51.5 13.94

14.29
13.30

18
12

92 .
71 .

13
17

53.9

50.8

13.87

30

163 .

30

65

54.0
54.0

50.1 16.35
43.2 12.53

15.14
11.43

27
41

70
40

New Hampshire Piece..
T im e..

20
5

Total..

25

54.0

48.7 15.58

14.40

North Carolina. Piece..
T im e..

3
12

60.0
60.0

41.7 13.48
53.9 11.26

13
24
18

TABLES.

Total..

54.0

120
208

13
10

GENERAL

Maine................ Piece..
T im e..

13

8.99
10.17

161.

60.0

51.4 11.70

9.93

Rhode Island... Piece..

3

24

54.0

49.3 16.27

14.91

South Carolina . Piece..
Tim e..

10

28
17

60.0
60.0

55.1 12.84
54.5 10.36

11.80
9.45

12
4

14.
11 .

60.0

16

25 .

53
28

219 .
125

Total..

Total..

15

45

_
Other States_ Piece..

3

16

A ll States......... Piece..
Tim e..

46
34

312

10.91
13.85

50.2 14.80
52.2 12.57

13.56
12.12

50.9

13.05

15.
15
5

11
2
13

14
10

20
16
36

110

53
12

24
11 .
2.

101




Total..

55.3
55.9

54.9 11.90
51.6 14.34

$20
and $25
un­ and
der over.
$25.

HOURS

Piece
work­
ers or
timeworkers.

AN
D

State.

Employees working each
Aver­ age
Employees earning each classified amount during one week.
classified per cent of full
age hours Aver­ Aver­
tim e during one week.
age
full­ wk’d
Num­N um ­ tim e
age amount
ber
ber
per full­ earned
of hours em­ tim e
per
of
per ploy­ week­ em­
estab­ em­ week
$9 $10 $11 $12 $14 $16 $18
25 50
75
$3 $4 $5 $6 $7 $8
ee
lish­ ploy­ of
ployee Un­ and and and
ly
Oyer Un­ and and and and and and and and and and and and and
i n g . ees. estab- dur­ earn­ during der un­ un­ un­ 100. JLUu. der un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­
inn
der
der
ing
one
$3. der der der der der der der der der der der der der
lish- one ings. week. 25. 50. der 100.
75.
$4. *5. $6. $7 $8. $9. $10. $11 $12. $14. $16. $18. $20.
m'ts. week.

WAGES

ONE WEEK PAY ROLLS— Continued.

102

D.— AVERAGE FULL-TIME HOURS, HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED, FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS AND AMOUNTS
ACTUALLY EARNED, AND NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES WORKING EACH CLASSIFIED PER CENT OF FULL TIME AND
EARNING EACH CLASSIFIED AMOUNT, DURING ONE PAY-ROLL PERIOD, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS,
BY STATES, 1918—Continued.
MANUFACTURING—Continued.

T a b le

O
F

Massachusetts.. Piece.
Time.

2
1

2
2

17
3

114 1
12 ]

4

1

3

4

20

126|

4

1

1

1

1
3

17
5

2

2

1

17.42

1

1

4

22

2

2

1

52.8 25.04
50.7 21.87

24.27
20.18 ” ‘i

3
1

3
2

18
6

131
17

6

52.5 24.48

23.55

4

5

24

148

6

6
5

135
23

9

158

54.0

51.9 25.68

24.71

3
4

20
10

58.8
57.4

55.3 18.17
55.9 16.96

17.78
16.71

Total..

7

30

58.3

55.5 18.17

Piece.
Time.

9
9

155
33

54.6
55.0

Total.

16

188

54.7

Total..
Other States_ Piece.
_
Time.

All States.

54.0
54.0

52.5 $25.97
48.5 24.00

$25.23
21.69 * '* i
l

i

1

1
2

2

1

1

2

1

2

1
2

2

2

2
1

1

2

3
1

4

26
13

99
6

3

4

39

105

4

4
1

6
4

3

4

4

5

10

1

4
1

5
1

5
2

8
1

32
17

99
6

1

5

6

7

9

49

105

BEAMER TENDERS: Female.

All States.........Piece..




5

37

54.3

52.5S19.69

$19.06

2

5

29

1

16

LABOR---------------------------------------------------------------------------

BEAMER TENDERS: M ale.

SLASHER TENDERS: Male.
Tim e..
T im e..
Massachusetts.. T im e..
New Hampshire T im e..
South Carolina . T im e..

8
20

3
19

56 '60.0
44 54.0
158 54.0
27 54.0
81 60.0

52.0
53.8
54.7
53.1
56.5

$14.63
20.17
2 1 .8 6

22.09
12.35

$12.74

14

1
1

3

8
2
10

102

s

1
2

"'2 1

26
48

1

2 0 .1 1

22.63
21.73
11.64

1

1

8
6

22

35

1

1

1

1

7

6

4

2

9

1
1
22

42
1

6

3

3

4

1

3

13

5

1
1

2

22

7

7

1
8

2

23
5

6

33
99 ’ **32
24
2

1

57.5 2 0 .0 0
56.5 16.58

2 0 .0 0

106

57.5
57.7

16.76

1

6

7

79

13

2

1

1

4

1

8

16

13

13

7

37

3

29

108

57.7

56.5 16.64

16.82

1

6

7

81

13

2

1

1

4

1

8

16

13

14

7

38

3

2

2

472

57.5 2 0 .0 0
54.9 18.13

2 0 .0 0

83

57.5
56.6

17.97

2

8

27

48

312

75

2j

4

3

5

3

14

11

21

26

53

27

84

474

56.6

54.9 18.13

17.97

2

8

27

48

314

75

2

4 ....

3

5

3

14

11

21

26

53

27

3

2
1

1

Other States.... Piece..
T im e..

2

2

28

Total..
Piece..
T im e..
T otal..

1

1

1

2

2

"

1

1

27 " *40
28

40

199 " *3 7
2 00

DRAWERS-IN : Female.
Alabama..

Piece..
T im e..

3
3

21

g

60.0
60.9

50.2 $9.83
56.7 9.46

$8.31
8.90

1

1

7
1

4
3

2

9
2
2

3

1

3

1

4

2

1

2
2

2
1

6

4

T otal..

6

29

60.2

52.0

9. 73

8.48

8

7

11

4

3

Connecticut___ P iece..
T im e..

3

33

15.26
14.33

21

3
9

2
1

1

1
1

2

10

44.8 18.73
52.6 14.92

9

1

54.4
55.0

Total..

4

43

54.5

46.7 17.84

15.05

10

21

12

3

1

2

Piece..
Tim e..

3

44
13

54.0
54.0

48.1 17.41
52.1 13.90

15.52
13.43

2
1

27

15

2

2

1

11

Total..

5

57

54.0

49.0 16.61

28

26

Piece..
T im e..

15.05 ____
1
9.27
8.38

3

3
4

Maine

Georgia..

27
13

60.0
60.0

53.6 10.36
53.3 9. 55

1

2

2

~7
6

1

17
4

1
1

7

40

60.0

53.5 10.10

8.98

1

2

2

13

21

16
9

269
15

53.7
53.4

50.4 16.29
52.7 15.73

15.40
15. 50

1

4

25

49
2

190
13

1

T otal..

19

284

53.7

50.6 16.26

15.40

1

51

203

1




1
3

2

Total..

25

3

2
1
3

1

4

5
3

3

3

1

4

7

3

2

8
3

5

2
2

6

9

11

5

4

1

1

2

Massachusetts.. Piece..
T im e..

4

4

8

11

7

7

5

7

5

21.
3

53

24

53

6
1
4

1

2

3

5

14

16

1

8
1

3
1

1

4

2
2
2

1
1

7

8

5

6

3

4

3

4

10

9
1

16

21

40
2

50
4

38
5

10

16

42

54

43

3

4

10

21

1

37

FULL-TIME HOURS, HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED, FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS AND AMOUNTS
ACTUALLY EARNED, AND NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES WORKING EACH CLASSIFIED PER CENT OF FULL TIME AND
EARNING EACH CLASSIFIED AMOUNT, DURING ONE PAY-ROLL PERIOD, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS,
BY STATES, 1918—Continued.

104

T a b l e D . — AVERAGE

MANUFACTURING— Continued.

AN
D
$20
and $25
un­ and
der over.

HOURS

State.

Piece
work­
ers or
timework­
ers.

!
Employees working each
Aver­
Aver­ age
Employees earning each classified amount during one week.
classified per cent of full
Aver­
age hours Aver­ age
time during one week.
full­ wk’d age amount
Num­Num­ tim e
ber
ber hours per full­ earned
em­ tim e
of
per
of
$9 $10 $11 $12 $14 $16 $18
estab­ em­ per ploy­ week­ em­
$3 $4 $5 $6 $7 $8
25 50
75
lish­ ploy­ week ee
ployee U n­ and and and
ly
Over Un­ and and and and and and and and and and and and and
of
i n g . ees. estab- dur­ earn­ during der un­ un­ un­ 100. 100. der un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­
S3. der der der der der der der der der der der der der
ing
25. der der der
one
lish- one ings. week.
$4.
50. 75. 100.
*ia, $14,
m ’ts. week.

WAGES

ONE WEEK PAY ROLLS— Continued.

O
F

New Hampshire Piece..
Time..

54.0
54.0

49.5 $14.86 $13.72
10.27
43.3 13.07

60.0
60.0

57.5 14. 81
56.2 11.07

13.99
10.35

14. 72

Total..
North Carolina. Piece..
Tim e..

11.11

51.2 15.15

14.61

59.4
60.0

51

South Carolina Piece..
Time..

42.5 10.96
54.2

7.89
8.90

TotaL.
Other States___ Piece..




Time..

Total..

18

77

59.7

46.6 10.58

8.24

54.0
54.0

51.0 17.00
50.9 10.83

15.53
10.20

34
10
10

10

GOODS.

56.5 11.85
54.0

Total..
Rhode Island... Piece..

10

27

LABOR— COTTON

DRAWERS-IN: Female—Concluded.

All States......... Piece..
Tim e..

47
37

543
108

55.0
57.5

49.4 I15.29
53. 5 1 1 .8 6

13.94
11.09

T otal..

74

651

55.4

50.1 14.72

13.46

1

1

17

58
8

148
23

313
71

3

12
1

4

2

19

7

60

171

384

3

13

5

3

10 1 15
!

3

3 1 5
13 2 0

1

21

7
28

28

30
18

33
14

33

11

8

78
16

39

48

47

41

94

13

10

9
1

1

6
2

6

29
3

60

31

1

74
9

43
3

72

11

98

83

46

73

24

50

1

1
21

87

1

8 1
LOOM FIXERS: M ale.
?

?

1

5
4

?7
3
18
4

28
9

70
83
114
185

15
3

28.24
24.03

4

8

15

20

3
585

7
9

2

1

52.8 24.59

24.07

4

8

15

20

588

16

2

1

52.7 25.13
54.9 22.69

24.54
22.94

1

1
1

2

9

134
45

9

5

4

5

7

1
66

7

3

1

2

2

1

2

3

1

9

29

14.69

5

4

5

8

67

7

3

1

2

2

1

2

3

1

10

30

51.9 27.14

26.25

1

3

5

11

162

3

60.0
60.6

56.4 17.04
57.3 16.69

16.09
15.78

1

10

6

7

14

5
82

163

32

5

3

1

2

320

60.6

57.2 16.71

15.80

6

7

15

87

173

32

5

3

1

2

1

6

21

54.6
53.3
56.3
52.7

2
20

10

Tim e..

641

54.0
54.0

57.2 26.71
52.7 24.56

Total..

20

651

54.0

3
2

147
57

54.0
54.3

2
11

2

94

60.0
60.0

55.0 15.33
54.3 16.23

13.98
14.70

Total..

11

96

60.0

54.4 16.21

Rhode Island... T im e..

3

182

54.0

South Carolina. P iece..
Tim e..

2

17

16
304

Total..

18
1

8

Mai np.. . .
Massachusetts..

New Hampshire Time. New York
T im e..
North Carolina Piece..
T im e..

20
2

2
1

7

54.0

54.0

2 1 .2 1

2 1 .2 0

7
35
79 2,034

57.1
56.3

56.1 20.54
53.9 21.96

19.89
21.20

20

37

93

Total..

81 2,069

56.3

54.0 21.94

21.18

20

37

94

12

1

1

3

2

3

2
1

1

1
1

6

17

2

5

3
51
13
136

5

12

336

9
265

5

12

337

274

1

2

5

52
48

89
3

25

9

7

25

9

7

2

1

4

21

7
89

3

2

2

1

3

3

1

2

4

6

3
1

1
1

3

1

2

4

6

1

1
1
1

1

33
3
56

1

2
1

148

2

1
1

2

5

4 ‘ *32’

110

31

13

4

2

2

2

5

5

32

96

113

33

15

4

1

8

2

91

204

3
200

140

10
680

9
601

92

212

203

142

690

610

7

7

190 1,607

7
87

11

6

4

4

11 |

6

10

12

33

1
21

196 1,628

94

11

6

4

4

11

6

11

12

33

22

1

105




?,

Piece
Tim e..

Other States.... P iece..
All States....

$16.80 $15.33
24.89
24.09
15. 62
16.63
23.42
23.99

TABLES.

60.2
55.1
60.0
54.0

6

4

GENERAL

5

133
90
180
206

Alabama

FULL-TIME HOURS, HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED, ULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS AND AMOUNTS
ACTUALLY EARNED, AND NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES WORKING EACH CLASSIFIED PER CENT OF FULL TIME AND
EARNING EACH CLASSIFIED AMOUNT, DURING ONE PAY-ROLL PERIOD, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS,
BY STATES, 1918—Continued.

106

T a b l e D . — AVERAGE

MANUFACTURING—Continued.

$16
and
un­
der
$18.

$18
and
un­
der

$20

and $25
un­ and
der over.
$20 $25

HOURS

Piece
work­
ers or
timeworkers.

one week.

AN
D

State.

Employees working each
Aver­ Aver­
classified per cent of full
Employees earning each classified amount during
Aver­
age
age hours Aver­ age
time during one week.
full­ w k’d age amount
Num­Num­
ber
ber tim e per full­ earned
of
of hours em­ tim e
per
estab­ em­ per ploy­ w eek­ em­
25 50 75
$3 $4 $5 $6 $7 $8 $9 $10 $11 $12 $14
lish­ ploy­ week ee
ployee U n­ and and and
Un­ and and and and and and and and and and and
ly
of
i n g . ees. estab­ dur­ earn­ during der un­ un­ un­ 100. Over der un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­
100. $3. der der der der der der der der der der der
der
one
ing
lish­ one ings. week. 25. 50. der der
1
75. 100.
$9 .$ 0 $11, $1 ? $14 $16.
$4. $5. $6. $7
i n g . week.

WAGES

ONE WEEK PAY ROLLS— Continued.

O
F

TRIMMERS OR INSPECTORS: Female.

60.2
54.8

48.0 $8.21
52.4 10.98

$6.60
10.52

Georgia..........

Piece..
Tim e..

60.0
60.0

48.3
46.6

9.20
8.04

7.57
6.37

Maine............

Tim e..

Massachusetts

Piece..
T im e..

61

T otal..

T otal..
New Hampshire Time..
North Carolina. Time..

Rhode Island... Piece..
Time..




Total..

60.0

190 54.0

8.55

23
2

12

11
4

25

13
7

7
14

4
15

21

19

6.90

51.6 10.0

9.53

50

130

323

54.0
53.6

52.9 13.72
50.1 11.16

13.47
10.30

10

1
15 '*40'

23
253

347

53.6

50.3 11.34

10.51

10

40

276

17

54.0

52.2 12.97
46.6 7.62

12.54
6.07

51.2 13.78
51.2 12.44

13.01
11.79

77 54.0 51.2 12.08

12.02

38
54.0
54.0

51

63

12

68
1
82

12

14
1

1
16

24

20

1
16

13
1

2
22

10
68
78

42

24
13

14

11

7
52

4
15
19

45

GOODS.

Tim e..
T ime..

LABOR— COTTON

Alabama.......
Connecticut. -

1

10 60.0

South Carolina. P iece..
T im e..

16

145

T otal..

16

155

58.7

66.5
49.3

6.44
7.86

8.22

58.8

50.4

7.77

6.74

54.0

Other states___ Time..

9 | 10

51.8 10.65

74

10.24

All States.......... P iece,.
Tim e..

75
1,003

57.0
55.4

52.8 11.00
50.2 10.25

1,078

55.5

50.4 10.31

47

4
29

3
28

34

33

31

18
24
212

10.56
9.37

T otal..

22

2
32

9 I 10

6.63

9.45

2
28

42
647

42

32

28

3
40

30

43

7
120
73

127

4
188

15
116

192

4
141

131

15
134

2
40
42

OTHER EMPLOYEES: Male.

Piece.
T im e..

4
54
6 1,522

59.2
60.2

46.7 $11.44
51.8 11.79

$9.47
10.37

3
72

3
98

20
286

5
235

21
614

2
217

4
99

3
55

2
66

2
4
62 174

8
81

2
174

7
182

4
101

1
81

7
124

T otal..

6 1,576

60.2

51.7 11.77

10.34

75 101

306

240

635

219 103

58

68

66 176

89

176

189

105

82

131

Connecticut___ Piece..
T im e..

2
4

8
715

55.0
55.1

58.8 15.68
53.7 16.46

16.79
16.17

13

17

23

34

5
506

3
122

11

6

7

3

3

11

10

16

40

Total..

4

723

55.1

53.8 16.45

16.18

13

17

23

34

511

125

11

6

7

3

3

11

10

16

40

Piece..
T im e..

42
7
8 1,661

60.0
60.5

49.8 12.39
55.6 .12.75

10.54
11.35

1
78

4
96

9
179

9
336

14
739

5
233

3
5
88 *37* 59

1
1
3
59 113 124

3
158

4
219

T otal..

8 1,703

60.5

55.5 12.74

11.33

79 100

188

345.

753

238

91

60 116 125

161

P iece..
Tim e..

2
48
5 1,751

53.6
54.3

53.0 13.74
53.5 16.64

13.80
16.56

20

45

4
72

2
38
136 1,119

4
359

20

138 1,157

363

3
53

64

46

130

37

56

64

46

33

1
181

2
92

3
71 **69'

2
95

67

33

182

94

74

69

97

67

1
162

3
89

10
192

3
125

2
61 * 6 7 *

3
61

47

223

163

92

202

128

63

67

64

47
4
170

37

64

14

8

1
8

3
24

1
16 'u

1
41 * 4 8 '

16
79

2
159

7
288

1
235

7
210

181

5
256

T otal..

5 1,799

54.3

53.5 16.57

16.48

45

76

14

8

9

27

17

14

42

48

95

161

295

236

217

181

261

174

Massachusetts.. P iece..
Tim e..

16
188
20 5,620

52.4
54.6

48.8 16.54
54.0 16.99

15.77
3
7
17.41 101 150

13
178

133
5
24
8
383 3,057 1,751 75

1
53

4
40

7
67

6
5
54 101

5
147

8
199

10
211

10
308

10
703

23
843

31
579

23
495

16
862

24
883

191

407 3,190 1,759 80

74

60 106

TABLES.

Maine..............

3
34

GENERAL

Georgia............

4
126

20 5,808

54.5

53.8 16.98

17.35

104 157

54

44

152

207

221

318

713

866

610

518

878

907

2
56
3 1,402

53.1
54.8

49.6 17.52
53.3 17.90

17.24
17.45

1
34

4
40

6
42

8
105

13
847

24
334

5
30

1
6

1
15

3
5 'l2

1
3

1
12

1
22

1
7

19

6
185

6
387

5
198

3
111

12
188

10
202

T otal..

3 1‘, 458

54.7

5’ .2 17.88
3

17.44

35

44

48

113

860

358

35

7

16

8

12

4

13

23

8

19

191

393

203

114

200

212

P iece..
T im e..

1
2

2
543

54.0
55.7

54.0 12.18
53.0 15.45

12.20
14.87

20

17

19

37

2
326

124

19

4

5

6

3

22

1
17

74

1
126

46

51

45

64

35

Total..

2

545

55.7

53.0 15.44

14.86

20 .17

19

37

328

124

19

.4

5

6

3

22

18

74

127

46

51

45

64

35

New York.




15
15

11
111

107

T otal..
New Hampshire P iece..
T im e..

Table D.—AVERAGE FULL-TIME HOURS, HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED, FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS AND AMOUNTS
ACTUALLY EARNED, AND NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES WORKING EACH CLASSIFIED PER CENT OF FULL TIME AND
EARNING EACH CLASSIFIED AMOUNT, DURING ONE PAY-ROLL PERIOD, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS,
BY STATES, 1918—Continued.
MANUFACTURING—Continued.

AN
D
$20
and $25
un­ and
der over.
$25.

HOURS

Piece
work­
ers or
timeworkers.

State.

each
Employees working <
Aver­ Aver­
classified per cent of full
Employees earning each classified amount during one week.
Aver­
age
age hours Aver­ age
tim e during one week.
full­
amount
Num­N um ­
tim e w k’d age
ber
ber hours per full­ earned
of
of
per
em­ tim e
estab- em­ per ploy­ week­ em­
75
25 50
$3 $4 $5 $6 $7 $8
$9 $10 $11 $12 $14 $16 $18
lish- ploy­ week ee
ployee Un­ and and and
Un­ and and and and and and and and and and and and and
ly
of
m ’ts. ees. estab- dur­ earn­ during der un­ un­ un­ 100. Over der un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­
100. $3. der der der der der der der der der der der der der
der
one
lish- ing ings. week. 25. der der 100*
$4. $5. $6. $7. $8. $9. $10. $11. $12. $14. $16. $18. $20.
one
50. 75.
m ’ts. week.

WAGES

ONE WEEK PAY ROLLS— Concluded.

M
®
00

O
F

North Carolina. Piece..
T ime..

11
26
14 1,265

58.8
59.8

51.1 $15.76 $11.26
10.83
53.5 11.92

1
42

1
83

5
94

4
197

14
701

1
148

2
2
56 *40* *52* *38* 74

1
67

1
78

4
240

1
108

1
90

6
173

6
77

2 1
53 | 37

41

41

Total..

14 1,291

59.8

53.5 12.00

10.84

43

84

99

201

715

149

58

40

52

76

68

79

244

109

91

179

83

55

37

41

41

54.0
54.5

42.8 20.74
52.8 18.10

16.14
17.66

1
13

5
27

28
37

5
49

26
660

1
106 ' i i '

1
7

1
8

1
7 "8

1
10

1
15

2
11

2
22

8
47

8
88

11
185

11
128

4
83

10
129

5
133

54

686

107

8

9

8

Rhode Island... Piece..
Time..
i T otal..

3
3

66
892

3

958 | 54.4

38

52.1 18.29

17.56

14

32

65

South Carolina. Piece..
Time..

10
43
20 2,944

60.0
60.2

49.7 11.74
54.2 11.09

9. 74
10.23

1
4
73 154

7
259

Total..

20 2,987

60.2

54.1 11.10

10.23

74 158

55.0

51.0 14.26

12.97

All States.......... Piece..
Time..

58
533 55.0
86 18,365 56.9

48.8 15.61
53.8 14.90

14.04 11 28
92
64
59
43
75
278
49 21
9 15 21 14 22
30
65
33
17
32
40
48
14.47 468 728 1,196 2,191 10,093 3,689 546 283 367 401 623 666 1,073 1,331 1,004 1,090 2,353 2,362 1,541 1,248 1,840 1,637

Total..

86 18,898 56.8

53.6 14.92

14.46 479 756 1,288 2,266 10,371 3,738 567 292 382 422 637 688 1,090 1,363 1,044 1,120 2,417 2,421 1,606 1,281 1,888 1,680

_
Other States_ Time..




1

50

2

1

11

16

13

24

55

96

196

139

87

139

138

12
18
676 1,499

1
2
283 141

1
3
2
5
66 107 130 166* 237

3
424

6
371

4
251

5
183

8
286

3
238

1
151

105

75

13

266 694 1,511

284 143

69 108 132 166 242

427

377

255

188

294

241

152

105

75

13

3

1

6

7

7

8

5

2

5

7

3

25

12

ii

2

1

8

3

LABOR---------------------------------------------------------------------------

OTHER EMPLOYEES:: M ale—Concluded.

OTHER EMPLOYEES: Female.
Alabama

Total..

22

3
47

55

118

50

13

19
134
153

$6.02

46.2 $7.34
45.8 6.84
45.8

6.92

5.44

53.5

238

57.1
58.7
58.4

Piece.
Time.

47.7 10.81
51.4 11.84
50.9 11.71

10.39
11.41
11.28

5.32

70

6
21
30

35

27

72

25

Piece..
Time..
Total..

72
195
267

59.6
58.2
58.5

41.5
43.8
43.2

8.54
9.13

6.34
6.97
6.80

Maine

Piece..
Time..
Total..

283
290

54.0
53.4
53.4

54.0 14.23
50.1 11.98
50.2 12.03

14.22
11.30
11.37

20
20

Massachusetts.. Piece.
Time.
TotaL.

477
1,747
2,224

53.2
52.9
52.9

47.8 14.08
49.0 14.74
48.7 14.60

12.68
10.92
11.30

52
80
132

New Hampshire Piece.
Time.
TotaL.

139
300
439

53.5
53.7
53.6

12.02
50.! 12.27
50.4 12.19

11.30
11.62
11.52

102
248
350

10

18

North Carolina. Piece.
Time.
TotaL.

94
179
273

57.3
57.1
57.1

47.9
49.6
49.0

6.91
7.21
7.11

56

53
104
157

5
13
18

40

22

6
114
120

14

159
167

54.0
53.1
53.2

South Carolina . Piece.
Time..
TotaL.

63
221
284

60.0
59.0
59.2

45.8
48.1
47.6

2
125
127

54.0
54.0
54.0

27.0 7.21
48.6 10.45
48.2 10.40

3.82
9.39

932 54.8
3,602_ 54.3
4,534 54.4

47.3 12.02
48.7 12.38
48.4 12.31

10.69
9.95
10.10

27

Other States.

All States,




Piece.
Time..
TotaL.
Piece.
Time.
TotaL.

19

8.61

12.64
10.82
10.91
8.05
6.73
7.02

20
28

65

73

43
43

81
316
259 1,314
340 1,630

18
51

87

106

47

61

40

7
11
18

20
20

29
29

33
33

23
23

27

2
44
46

3
43
46

1
28
29

18
117
135

24
163
187

31
282
313

17
302
319

71
319
390

103
203
306

65
59
124

13
13

5
53

37

22
79

13

7
29
36

24
28
52

15
28
43

11
12
23

7
26
33

7
16
23

6
11
17

10

16
16

15

25
25

33
33
10
22
32

31
24

15
15

10

43

10
558
2,456
3,014

3
11
14

123

13
13

23

4
13

24

14
45
59

65
177 ,
242'

48
130
17&

6
25
31

4
18
22

3
12

7
212
219

13

12

12
21

4
42
46

6
32
38

30
29
17
17

61
349
410

17
7
24

43
29

20
11
~31

19
19

1
10

13

36

54
55
242 311
296" 366

38
11
49

19
54
439
493

41
439
480

121
538
659

142
327
469

84
132
216

109

Rhode Islan d... Piece.
Time.
TotaL.

47.3 13.41
47.6 12.15
47. e 12.21

37

50

4
15
19

1
20
21

TABLES.

Georgia.

29

13

GENERAL

22
155

31

27

3
14
17

Piece..
Time..
Total..

Connecticut---

FULL-TIME HOURS, HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED, FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS AND AMOUNTS
ACTUALLY EARNED, AND NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES WORKING EACH CLASSIFIED PER CENT OF FULL TIME AND
EARNING EACH CLASSIFIED AMOUNT, DURING ONE PAY-ROLL PERIOD, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS,
BY STATES, 1918—Continued.
MANUFACTURING— Continued.

Employees working each
classified per cent of full
time during two weeks.

75
$4 $5 $6 $8 $10 $12
and
Un­and and and and and and
un­ 100. Over der un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­
100. $4. der der
der
der der der der
$6,
100.

$14
and
un­
der

$16
and
un­
der

$20
and
un­
der

$30
and
un­
der

$25
and
un­
der
$30.

$40
and
un­
der

$50
and
un­
der

$60
and $70
un­ and
der over.

HOURS

25 50
Un­and and
der un­ un­
25. der der
50. 75.

Employees earning each classified amount during two weeks.

AN
D

State.

Aver­ Aver­
age age Aver­ Aver­
full­
age
Piece Num­Num­ time hours age amount
w ’kd full­
work­ ber
ber hours per time earned
ers
of
of
per em­ biper
or
em­ two
em­
time estab- ploy­ weeks ploy­ week­ ployee
lishee
work­ m ’ts. ees.
during
of dur­ ly
ers.
estab- ing earn­ two
lish- two ings weeks.
m’ts. w’ks.

WAGES

TWO-WEEK PAY BOLLS.

no

T a b l e D . — AVERAGE

O
F

f

All States.......... Piece..
T im e..

2
12

3 120.0 116.4 $22.44 $21.83
84 111.3 96.4 31.06 27.23

2

6

1
9

27

2
35

5

1

1

6

4

3

1
8

2
8

11

40

2

Total..

13

87 111.6

2

6

10

27

37

5

1

1

6

4

3

9

10

11

40

2

97.1

30.76

27.05

DRAWING FRAME TENDERS: Male.

3
7

6 118.0
28 115.7

97.1 $25.19 $21.10
78.4 22.76 16.16 " 2

1
7

1
4

2
5

T otal..

9

34 116.1

81.7

8

5

7

*

22.90

17.04

2

2
9
11

1

3

1

1

2

1
1

1

4

1
1

6

2
2

1
4

1
2

1

3

1

1

2

2

1

4

2

6

4

5

3

3

3
1

2
1

4

22
6

27
12

11
2

3

4

3

4

28

39

13

1
2

73 107.3
22 106.0

95.2 $27.15
99.1 27.26

Total..

2

95 107.4

96.1




27.17

1

5
1

5
1

27
8

32
12

3

1

24.54

1

6

6

35

44

3

1

000

New Hampshire Piece..
Time

\*f
\> C
- O
*

DRAWING-FRAME TENDERS: Female.

1

GOODS.

All States.......... Piece..
Tim e..

LABOR— COTTON

CARD STRIPPERS: Male.

Other States... . Time..

5

27 114.2

90.1

19.07

15.19

4

1

2

9

11

All States.......... Piece..
Tim e..

1
7

73 107.3
49 111.4

95.2 27.15
94.1 22.75

24.38
19.64

1
4

5
2

5
3

27
17

32
23

3

T otal..

7

122 108.9

94.8 25.38

22.47

5

7

8

44

55

3

2

1

1

2

4

12

3

1
2

2

3
1

3
2

2
3

4

4
12

22
9

27
12

11
2

3

2

4

5

5

4

16

31

39

13

1
3

2
4

1
6

3
32

37

4

2

SLUBBER TENDERS: M ale.
2
2

11 120.0
89 108.0

1
2

3
11

33

7
40

Other States___ P iece..
Tim e..

6
2

14 120.0 109.6 25.27
5 117.6 78.0 23.95

22.95
15.94

1

2
2

7
1

5
1

T otal..

8

19 119.4 101.3 24.92

21.11

1

4

8

All States.......... Piece..
T im e..

10
2

114 119.4
5 117.6

97.1 38.13
78.0 23.95

33.69
15.94

3
1

3

16
2

40
1

52
1

1

Total..

12

2

119 119.3

96.3 37.56

32.95

4

3

18

41

53

1

|
1

6

2

95.6 $27.32 $22.11
95.3 41.53 36.82

1

1
1

3

1

1

. .

1

1

1

J

l

1

l
l

3
1

6

5
1

1
4
4

4

6

6

12

12
1

35

37

4

1

7
1

1

8

12

13

35

37

4

1

2
4

1
1

GENERAL

Alabama........... P iece..
New Hampshire Piece..

1 i': ”
SLUBBER TENDERS: Female.
3
2

5 108.0
10 108.0

70.0 $28.12 $18.21
63.4 21.14 12.50

T otal..

3

15 108.0

65.6

23.47

14.40

1
3

1

2

4

1

2

2

2
4*

2

6,

I
1
|

1
3
4

TABLES,

All States.......... Piece..
T im e..

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

6

4

4

1

3 '

8

14

21

32

45

13

2

- f -

SPEEDER TENDERS: M ale.
All States.......... Piece..

11

149 108.6

97.0 $32.30 $27.52

6

,

11

16

54

61

1

SPEEDER TENDERS: Fem ale.

All States.......... Piece..
T im e..

11
4

492 109.0
20 109.8

97.0 $32.10 $28.78
76.2 19.93 13.84

4
2

21
3

53
3

152
5

262
6

1

Total-.

12

512 109.0

96.2 31.62

28.19

6

24

56

157

268

1




2

2
3

3

2
1

2

2
2

8
3

7

11
1

46
5

53
5

94

240

19

3

5

3

3

2

4

11

7

12

51

58

94

240

19

3

■LA
JL.

--- u

112

AVERAGE FULL-TIME HOURS, HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED, FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS AND AMOUNTS
ACTUALLY EARNED, AND NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES WORKING EACH CLASSIFIED PER CENT OF FULL TIME AN©
EARNING EACH CLASSIFIED AMOUNT, DURING ONE PAY-ROLL PERIOD, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS,
BY STATES, 1918—Continued.

T a b l e D .—

MANUFACTURING— Continued.

Employees working each
classified per cent of full
time during two weeks.

$14
and
un­
der

$16
and
un­
der

$20
and
un­
der

$25
and
un­
der

1

$4 $5 $6 $8 $10 $12
75
and
Over Un­and and and and and and
un­ 100. 100. der un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­
$4. der der der der der der
der
100.
$10. $12.
$6.

1

2

1

1

$30
and
un­
der
$40.

$40
and
un­
der

9 111.1

90.9 $23.23 $18.84

4

2

3

3

SPINNERS, FRAME: Female.

Total..

2

5
6

828 107.6
155 113.6
155 115.4

13 1,138 109.5

91.6 $29.21 $24.88
89.3 21.50 17.09
88.7 19.08 14.57

26
7
4

60
13
15

100
22
37

225
417
67 ' 45
33
66

1

90.9

37

88

159

358

1

26.78

22.41

495

19
5
4

4
4

1
3
4

6
3
10

17
10
20

18
9
19

26
19
18

38
13
14

63
36
29

132
29
25

355
22
7

145
2

7

28

9

8

19

47

46

63

65

128

186

384

148

7

....

1

1

4
3

5

5
1

3
2

9
15

28
18

74
14

2

1

1

7

5

6

5

24

46

88

2

1

1

DOFFERS: Male.

New Hampshire Piece..
Time..




Total..

1
1

134 105.5
54 108.0

94.4 $32.03 $28.83
95.0 30.46 26.79

2

188 106.2

94.6

------

31.58
=

3
1
=

6
10

53
10

65
32

1
1

1

4

28.24

7
1
8

16

63

97

2

1

1

GOODS.

New Hampshire Time..
North Carolina. Time..
Other States___ Time..

LABOR— COTTON

4

$60
and $70
un­ and
der over.
$70.

O
F

SPINNERS, FRAME: Male.

All States.......... Tim e..

$50
and
un­
der

HOURS

25 50
Un­and and
der un­ un­
25. der der
50. 75.

Employees earning each classified amount during two weeks.

AN
D

State.

Piecework­
ers
or
timeworkers.

Aver­ Aver­
age
Aver­
age
full­ hours Aver­ age
Num­ Num­ tim e w ’kd age amount
full­
ber ber hours per time earned
per
of
per em­ biof
estab­ em­ two p lo y ­ week­ em­
lish­ ploy­ weeks ee
ployee
dur­ ly during
i n g . ees.
of
estab­ ing earn­ two
lish­ two ings. weeks.
in g . w ’ks.

WAGES

TWO-WEEK PAY BOLLS— Continued.

North Carolina. Piece..
Tim e..

106.0
104.6

84.9
82-9

20.77
17.58

17.00
16.08

124794°— 10—Bull. 262-

T otal..

75 104.9

83.3

18.37

64 115.6

96.0 20.50

16.93

All States.......... Piece..
T im e..

151 105.6
176 109.7

93.4
91.4

30.76
22.59

27.49
19.68

327 107.8

92.3 26.39

23.29

5

16.29

Other States___ T im e..

1 2

21

Total..

12

12

6

29

1

11

12

13
13

6
14
10

28

118

149

24

14

5
26

10
40

20

31

50

55

93

18

55

32

DOFFERS: Female.

Piece..
Tim e..

113 108.0
35 108.0

TotaL.

All States..

84.6 $32.42 $25.03
89.4 25.04 20.73

148 108.0 I 85.7

30.67

22

24.01

2

56

30

....

1

.....

3 ....

43

2

10

______L
SPOOLER TENDERS: Female.

32 120.0
27 120.0

83.3 $18.86
96.2 16.48

3

4
4

7
3

14
10

4
10

Piece...
T im e..

1
1

T o ta l..

2

59 120.0

89.2 17.77

13.24

3

8

10

24

14

4

New Hampshire Piece..
T im e..

2
1

400 106.4
8 108.0

90.6 29.29
98.1 28.78

24.84
26.10

12

28
1

50

196

f2

114
5

3

408 106.4

Alabama.

$13.13
13.30

3
1

1

3
4

3
1

4
3

3
3

8
5

5
9

3

1
4

7

4

7

6

13

14

3

5

5

8
1

11

13

14

27

86

116
7

106

2
2

TotaL.

2

90.8 29.28

24.86

12

29

50

198

119

3

4

5

5

9

11

13

14

27

86

123

106

North Carolina. Piece..
T im e..

5
1

90 119.0 89.4 18.93
1 120.0 110.0 18.00

14.37
16.50

9

9

15

28
1

26

3

7

3

2

6

6

6

9

11

26
1

7

6

1

TotaL.

5

91 119.0

89.6 18.93

14.39

9

9

15

29

26

3

7

3

2

6

6

6

9

11

27

7

6

1

10.63
13.60

1
2

1
1

3
4

10
17

10

1
2

3

* ’ *2

5
1

5
8

15

1
6

3

3

2

6

13

All States.




Piece..
T im e..

1
4

15 120.0
34 110.5

81.5 15. eo
91.6 16.37

TotaL.

Other States—

4

49 113.4

88.5 16.13

12.69

3

2

7

27

30

15

7

Piece..
Tim e..

9
7

537 109.7
70 114.0

89.7 26.55
94 .4 17.85

21.99
14.95

25
2

42
6

75
7

248
30

144
25

3

14
3

7

7
1

17
4

17
4

26
4

30
11

33
20

59
16

96

122
7

107

2

TotaL.

13

607 110.2

90.3 25.55

21.18

27

48

82

278

169

3

17

7

8

21

21

30

41

53

75

96

129

107

2

FULL-TIME HOURS, HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED, FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS AND AMOUNTS
ACTUALLY EARNED, AND NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES WORKING EACH CLASSIFIED PER CENT OF FULL-TIME AND
EARNING EACH CLASSIFIED AMOUNT, DURING ONE PAY-ROLL PERIOD, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS,
BY STATES, 1918—Continued.
MANUFACTURING—Continued.

Employees working each
classified per cent of full
time during two weeks.

$4 $5 $6 $8 $10 $12 $14 $16 $20 $25 $30
75
and and
and
Over Un­and and and and and and and and and un­ un­
der un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­
un­ 100. 100.
$4. der der der der der der der der der der der
der
$40
100.

$40
and
un­
der
$50

$50
and
un­
der
$60

$60
and $70
un­ and
der over.
$70.

O
F

Time..

9

22 117.3

93. fi *27. ft2

2

$22.06

3

13

1

4

1

1

3

11

5

WARPER TENDERS: Female.
2

5

27.94

2

5

5

39
2

31
9

1

3

2

1

2

4

7
2

24
9

31

7

5

41

40

1

3

2

1

2

4

9

33

31

7 ____

2

$28.23
25.71

1
3

1

1

1
1

1

New Hampshire Piece..
Tim e..

2
2

82 108.0 94.4 $32.22
11 108.0 106.5 26.06

T otal..

2

93 108.0

95.8 31.50

Other States___ Piece..
Tim e..

1
2

4 120.0
3 120.0

94.3 33.51
99.0 21.20

T otal..

3

7 120.0

96.3 28.23

22.89

2

4

1

Piece..
Time..

3
4

86 108.6 94.4 32.28
14 111.0 104.9 25.02

28.17
23.96

2

5

7

40
5

32
9

1

T otal..

5

27.58

2

5

7

45

41

1

All States..




100 109.0

95.8 31.26

26.87
17 57

1
1
___ ___ _ ___
3
2
3

2

1

2

1

2

1

1

3
1

4
1

8
3

25
9

31

8

1

1

4

5

11

34

31

8

......

LABOR---------------------------------------------------------------------------

WARPER TENDERS:: M ale.
All States. .

HOURS

25 50
Un­and and
der un­ un­
25. der der
50. 75.

Employees earning each classified amount during two weeks.

AN
D

State.

Piece­
work­
ers
or
timeworkers.

Aver­ Aver­
age age
Aver­
full­ hours Aver­ age
age
Num­Num­ time w-’kd full­ amount
ber ber hours per time earned
per
of
of
per em­ bi­
estab- em­ two p loy­ week­ em­
lish- ploy­ weeks ee
ployee
during
m ’ts. ees.
of dur­ ly
estab- ing earn­ two
ings. weeks.
lish- two
m’ts. w ’ks.

WAGES

TWO-WEEK PAY BOLLS— Continued.

114

T a b l e D . — AVERAGE

BEAMER TENDERS: Male.
All States.......... Piece..
T im e..

4
4

19 120.0 112.0 $34.13
19 114.9 99.4 33.41

$31.45
29.05

1
2

11
3

6
11

1
1

1

1

1
1

1

1
3

6

8
1 2 ..

3

2

T otal..

6

38 117.5 105.7 33.77

30.25

2

3

14

17

2

1

1

2

1

4

6

20

3

3

3

4

13

25

15

1
4

2
5

12
3

34
14

17

1

1
1

5

7

15

48

17

1

9

29

30

42

10

1

2
1

5

1

6

BEAMER TENDERS: Female.
All States.......... Piece..

1

66 108.0

83.1 $32.84

$25.33

1

8

6

51

1

2J . . . .

SLASHER TENDERS: Male.
1
9

T otal..

10

68 108.0
9 1.9 $52.53
27 114.2 114.6 3 5 . 20
95 109.8

9 8.4

47.62

$44.74 . . . .
3 1.6 9 . . . .

2

42.09 . . . .

2

4
4

58
6

4
14

64

18

l | .........
1

r
7

1 .......

GENBKAL

All States.......... Piece..
T im e..

DRAWERS-IN: Female.
2

139 108.0

83.0 $34.90

4

11

36

66

22

Other States___ Piece..
Tim e..

3
5

7 120.0
9 117.3

88.7 20.38
87.8 22.31

15.11
16.38 *” i

1
1

3

1

2

4

3

1

Total..

8

16 118.5

88.2 21.47

15.83

1

2

3

5

5

1

All States......... Piece..
Time...

5
5

146 108.6
9 117.3

83.3 34.20
87. S 22.31

26.39
16.38

4

12
1

39

1

67
4

24
3

i

T otal..

10

155 109.1

83.5 33.51

25.81

5

13

39

71

27

3

2

1

2

1

2

4

7

1

0

1

1
1

1

1

2

----1
1

1
1

2
2

6

1
1
2

3

7

6

7

10

6
16

31

30

42

31

42

1
2

1

10

31

2

10

1

1X5




$26.97

TABLES.

New Hampshire Piece..

Employees working each
classified per cent of full
time during two weeks.

Employees earning each classified amount during two weeks.

AN
D

State.

25 50
Un­and and
der un­ un­
25. der der
50. 75.

75
$4 $5 $6 $8 $10 $12
and
Over Un­and and and and and and
un­ 100. 100. der un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­
$4. der der der der der der
der
100.
$5. $6. $8. $10. $12. $14.

$16
and
un­
der
$20.

$20
and
un­
der
$25.

$25
and
un­
der
$30.

$30
and
un­
der
$40.

$40
and
un­
der
$50.

$50
and
un­
der
$60.

1
1

1
1

1
5

3
4

13
27

5
42

258

1
2

$60
and $70
un­ and
der over.
$70.

2

O
F

$14
and
un­
der
$16.

HOXJBS

Piece­
work­
ers
or
timeworkers.

Aver­ Aver­
Aver­
age age
full­ hours Aver­ age
age
Num­Num­ time w ’kd full­ amount
ber ber hours per time earned
per em­ bi­
of
per
of
estab­ em­ two ploy­ week­ em­
lish­ ploy­ weeks ee
ployee
during
i n g . ees.
of dur­ ly
estab- ing earn­ two
lish- two ings. weeks.
m’ts. w’ks.

WAGES

TWO-WEEK PAY B O IL S — Continued.

116

AVERAGE FULL-TIME HOURS, HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED, FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS AND AMOUNTS
ACTUALLY EARNED, AND NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES WORKING EACH CLASSIFIED PER CENT OF FULL TIME AND
EARNING EACH CLASSIFIED AMOUNT, DURING ONE PAY-ROLL PERIOD, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS,
BY STATES, 1918—Continued.
MANUFACTURING—Continued.

T a b l e D .—

3
12

6
31

14
289

2

2

1
3

1
6

1
29

6

2

2

1
2

10

1
28

29.24

2

2

4

7

30

6

2

2

3

3

10

29

2

29.38

2

3

1

20

14

6

2

3

1

5

7

26

2

1
63

1
346

15

4

1

5

1

2

1
5

1
13

24

I
94

51

258

1

64

347

15

4

1

5

1

2

6

14

24

95

51

258

1

2
2

25 120.0 103.4 $37.56
340 108.0 104.8 49.94

$32.48
48.43

North Carolina. Piece..
Tim e..

3
5

3 120.0 98.0 29.08
48 120.0 108.2 32.46

23. 91
29.57

T otal..

5

51 120.0 107.6 32.26

Other States.... T im e..

5

46 122.8 108.9 33.12

1
1

All States......... P iece..
Time..

3
14

3 120.0 98.0 29.08
459 111.3 105.4 45.75

23.91
43.68

6

10

1
19

Total..

14

462 111.4 105.3 45.64

43.55

6

10

20

1

1

3

WEAVERS: Male.

Alabama..




Piece..
T im e..

299 119.9
32 120.0

97.4 $29.13
64.4 19.47

$24.03
10.68

2
7

21
6

94
11

74
3

107
5

1

. 4
3
6 *” 2
2

4
2

5
4

16
4

13
3

20
1

40
2

52
6

59

71

11

1

Total..

331 120.0

94.2 28.19

22.74

9

27

105

77

112

1

9

2

6

9

20

16

21

42

58

59

71

11

1

6

1

GOODS,

1
4

Alabama........... Time..
New Hampshire Time..

LABOR— COTTON

LOOM FIXERS: Male.

Connecticut--- Piece..

360 109.7 103.2 37.12
110.0
37.95

Time..

35.18
9.84

29

34.97

10

436 120.0
59 120.0

19.95
8.98

22
27

15

Total..

10

495 120.0

18.64

49

84

Time..

539 107.9
49 108.0

Maine................ Piece..
Time..

Total..

588 107.9

Massachusetts.. Piece..

2,316 107.'
94 107.1

Time..

Total..

20 2,410 107.

Time..

26. g
96.3 41.37
80.0 40.01

37.06
32.10
36.64
31.98
12.97

94.3 35.27

31.24

97.5 37.21
82.7 31.85

33.69
24.79

14

18

633 120.0
34 114.8

99.0 29.67
66.3 21.69

South Carolina. Piece..
Time..

22

5
24.18
12.57

97.3 29.11

3.58

36

53

34.40
4.06

13

205

94.7

!. 76

34.24

987 119.7
60 119.5

95. 28.02
54.0 20. C

22.90
9.16

19 1,047 119.7

27.56

22.11

23

31
172

287
7.

179

Time..

7,355 111.8 96.3 34.22
354 112.7 56.0 27.

29.97
14.62

Total.. ~

7,709 111.9

94.5 33.8

15

129 .

27

97

15.

53

65

87
43

34

174
1

176
29.

54
54

47

35

175

205

47
9

45
5

111
5

148
2

361
2

951
14

470
55 .
2.

46

56

50

116

150

965

472

55 .

12
2

14
1

26

73

110
2

481 225
1 0.

27.

14

74

112

491

225

27.

11

12

19

114

25 .

102
3

175
1

164

7.

34

294

100

1
12
5

14

.

20
1

23
4

66
4

11

13

28

14

363 .

176

167

38

185

247

171

25

171

25

363 .

69

292.
2.
294 .

55

24
6

37
18
17

37
1
37

30

97
12

38

109

18.
401
76

993 1,568 4,131
51
45
63

310 477 1,044 1,613 4,194

179
179

415
15
430

148
7

24.81

All States......... Piece..

26

167

43

19

653 .
12.

16

557 107.9

34

23

11 16
3.

49

20

25 108.0 103.1 26.19




25

15f.

25
48
1

315 1,571

45

95.1 38.85
17. 11.32

Pennsylvania... Piece..

Total..

28

25

313 1,557
14
2

94
2

119.7

19
5

67
255
13

554 107.
3 108.0

Total..

383 .

10

23

97

225

TABLES,

North Carolina. Piece..

12

95.6 36.17

Time..

104

34

13.52

97.2 37.10

197 108.7

Total.."

16

30

167

61

20

87

364 .
19 .

92 115

1,029 108.0

Rhode Island... Piece..

72
92
12

126

20

22

16

41.26

94.

2

Time..

15

61

96.5 35.42
41.0 31.47

New York......... Piece..

Total..

68
4

27

293 .

143
5

20

19

32

119

19

27

12
96
87

183 55

124 181
26 17

178
19

198
18

134 150 198

197

216

36

513
23

1,138 2,534 1,223 181
10 29 31.
31,148 2,563 1,254

GENERAL

1,009 108.0
20 108.0

New Hampshire Piece..

85.1 27.51
46.1 22.34

293 .

30

363 109.7 102.8 37.12

Georgia............. Piece..

Total..

6

32

181

FULL-TIME HOURS, HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED, FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS AND AMOUNTS
ACTUALLY EARNED, AND NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES WORKING EACH CLASSIFIED PER CENT OF FULL TIME AND
EARNING EACH CLASSIFIED AMOUNT, DURING ONE PAY-ROLL PERIOD, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS,
BY STATES, 1918—Continued.
MANUFACTURING—Continued.

AN
D
HOUES

State.

Piece­
work­
ers
or
timeworkers.

Employees working each
Aver­ Aver­
Employees earning each classified amount during two weeks.
classified per cent of full
Aver­
age
age
time during two weeks.
full­ hours Aver­ age
age amount
Num­Num­ tim e w ’kd full­
ber hours per
ber
earned
per em­ tim e
per
of
of
bi75
estab- em­ tw o p lo y ­ week­ em­
$4 $5 $6 $8 $10 $12 $14 $16 $20 $25 $30 $40 $50 $60
25 50
lish- ploy­ weeks ee
ployee Un- and and and
Over Un­and and and and and and and and and and and and and and $70
ly
dur­ earn­ during
un­ un­ 100. 100. der un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ and
of
m ’ts. ees.
$4. der der der der der der der der der der der der der der over.
estab- ing ings. two
der der
lish- two
weeks.
7 5. 100.
$5. $6. $8. $10. $12. $14. $16. $20. $25. $30. $40. $50. $60. $70.
m ’ts. w'ks.

WAGES

TWO-WEEK PAY BOLLS— Continued.

118

T a b l e D . — AVERAGE

O
F

Alabama..

Piece..
Time..

8
5

378 120.5
93 120.0

89.8 $24.25
63.0 17.12

$18.53
9.21

11
21

48
17

130
32

87
15

68
3

63

11
23

102
8

7
5

11
3

12
9

19
21

30
4

31
4

35
7

58
14

12

14

21

40

34

35

42

72

71

63

31

2

1 . 2

3

7

10

17

44

63

177

48
48

31

Total..

8

471 120.4

84.5 22.85

16.69

32

65

162

102

110

34

Connecticut___ Piece..
Time..

4
1

374 109.7 103.3 33.35
1 110.0 15.0 35.54

31.25
4.84

3
1

2

34

29

306

2

T otal..

4

375 109.7 103.1 33.36

31.18

4

2

34

29

306

2

1

1

2

3

7

10

17

44

63

177

Piece..
Time..

10
7

494 119.8
72 118.8

83.8 22.98
67.4 21.00

16.49
12.03

35
15

63
17

134
14

175
10

82
16

5

25
15

10
2

11
2

30
7

24
8

40
6

32
2

53
6

103
11

85
9

60
3

21
1

Total..

10

566 119.6

81.6 22.73

15.93

50

80

148

185

98

5

40

12

13

37

32

46

34

59

114

94

63

22

47
4

96

236
10

96

2

Georgia..

Maine..

Piece..
Time..
Total..

Massachusetts.. Piece..
T im e..




5
2

611 107.9
49 108.0

5

660 107.9

97.8 36.82

33.71

20 3,705 107.8
80 107.8
9

98.5 32.71
60.4 31.64

29.65
18.48

98.1 36.34
95.0 42.72

33.37
37.99

5
2

21
2

7

23

84

59 109
17 16

426
20

80
4

67
12
79

1

438
29
467

436 2,671
8
19

1

1

1
1

4
2

12
1

13

15

33

1
4

25
11

1

2

6

13

13

15

33

51

9
5

10

28
4

39

57
6

75
8

108
9

216
6

343
7

135
31

16

1

246

166

16

1

798 1,612
4
20

371

14

LABOE----------------------------------------------------------------------------

WEAVERS: Female.

T o ta L .

20| 3,785 107.8

97.7 32.69

29.42

446

444

2,526 108.0 98.1 34.62
55 108.0 100.0 22.

New Hampshire Piece..
Tim e..

31.50

76

236

462

237

21.22

1

4

36

10

32

391 63

83

117

34

45

222 350

1,632

371

101: 221 412 1,252 ~354~
2 45
1
1

108.0

97.8 34.37

31.28

New York......... Piece..

183 108.0

91.1 32.24

27.31

37

102

25

North Carolina. Piece
T im e..

426 119.2
41 114.1

97.2 25.44
81.2 18.74

20.83
13.24

117
12

191
11

102
4

2,581

Total..

Total..

18

118.7

1,744

20.17

1,253

24

202

14.07

22.26

Rhode Island... Piece..
T im e..

585 107.8
6 108.0

96.4 35.90
7.4 33.12

32.47
2.26

107.8

95.5 35.57

32.16

91. 24.20
57.3 19.06

19.00
9.13

238
18
256

192

106

187
5

l,i304 1,786 6,231
133
79

27

96

101

624 118.
78 119.6

23

37

45

Total.
South Carolina. Piece..
Tim e..

22

T otal..

702 118.9

88.0 23.63

Piece..
Tim e..

10,025 110.2
475 114.4

96.8 31.87
70.6 23.78

28.33
15.80

T otal..

All States..

10,500 110.4

95.6 31.51

27.76 329 536 1,397 1,865 6,364

105

15
213

380

15

45

17

35

40
163
2

55

26

40

1

16 120.0 101.3 $17.96

$15.40

1
2

6 108.0 87.1 30.60
32 108.0 100.6 23.40

24.88
21.84

2

38 108.0

98.6 24.54

22.32

1

Other States___ T im e..

2

3 120.0 116.3 16.20

1
6

6 108.0 87.1 30.60
51 112.5 101.8 21.27

24.88
19.46

1

T otal..

6

57 112.0 100.2 22.25

20.04

1

1

2

13

21

24 .

109

283
22
211

78

340
33

784 1,170 1,820 3,729 1,057
68
58
74
32
31 .
842 1,244 1,828 3,761

164

256

305

373

1

1

3

4

1

5

1

1

2

24

4
3

1

1

7

1

1

2

24

7

1

1
21

2

6

5
13

30

2

6

18

30

1

1

1
1
1

2

1 ....

2

3

3

5

29

4
3

1

5

1

2

3

3

5

5

29

7

1

119




1

2

15.79

All States.......... Piece..
T im e..

2

1

Total..

4
5
8

1

2

4

1

Alabama........... T im e..

24 .

109

TRIMMERS OR INSPECTORS: Female.

New Hampshire Piece..
T im e..

1.
140

TABLES.

119 108.0

14 .

GENERAL

Pennsylvania... Piece..

354

T able D.—AVERAGE FULL-TIME HOURS, HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED, FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS AND AMOUNTS
ACTUALLY EARNED, AND NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES WORKING EACH CLASSIFIED PER CENT OF FULL TIME AND
EARNING EACH CLASSIFIED AMOUNT, DURING ONE PAY-ROLL PERIOD, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS,
BY STATES, 1918—Concluded.
MANUFACTURING—Concluded.

120

TWO-WEEK PAY BOLLS—Concluded.

WAGES

Employees working each
classified per cent of full
time during two weeks.

75
$4 $5 $6 $8 $10 $12
Over Un­and and and and and and
and
un­ 100. 100. der un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­
der
$4. der der der der der der
100.
$5. $6. $8. $10. $12. $14.

$14
and
un­
der
$16.

$16
and
un­
der
$20.

$30
and
un­
der
$40.

$40
and
un­
der
$50.

$50
and
un­
der
$60.

$60
and $70
un­ a n d
der over.
$70.

32

29

3
429

104

56

432

104

56

O
F

$25
and
un­
der
$30.

23

$20
and
un­
der
$25.

287 120.1 103.8 24.9

Piece.
Time.

1 120.0
125 121.0

30.12
21.13

19.
15.37

10

Total..

126 121.0

21.20

15.40

10

221 107.3
4,009 105.4

31.82
36.74

24.65
34.87

New Hampshire Piece.
Time.
Total..

$18.79
25.15

4,230 105.5

Tim e.

Total.

377 119.5

104.2 23.07

Pennsylvania... Tim e.

156 109.8

3 29.06




3
140

15
48

30

12

143

30

12

12

21

32

19

17

15

65

22

15
80
1,073

1
725

46

28
361

64

23.63
23.03

46
43
734 1,205

389

243

63
677

34.33 103 239

24 120.0
353 119.
105.

North Carolina. Piece.

$18.07
22.71

780 1,248

664

17.25

20.

20.5

164
37

95

171

22

61

37

20

10

26

95

58

36

15
16

GOODS,

7 104.3
280 120.5

Total..

G
eorgia..

Piece.
Time.

LABOE— COTTON

OTHER EM PLOYEES: Male.

Alabama.

HOUES

25 50
Un­and and
der un­ un­
25. der der
50. 75.

Employees earning each classified amount during two weeks.

AN
D

State.

Piece­
work­
ers
or
timeworkers.

Aver­ Aver­
age
Aver­
age
full­ hours Aver­ age
age
Num­Num­ tim e w'kd full­ amount
ber hours per
earned
ber
per
per em­ tim e
of
of
estab- em­ two p loy­ bi­
em­
lish- ploy­ weeks ee week­ ployee
of
dur­ ly during
m 'ts. ees.
estab­ ing earn­ two
lish­ two ings. weeks.
i n g . w ’ks.

All States.......... Piece..
T im e..

10
253 1 108.5
14 4,923 107.9

81.8 30.67
99.8 34.45

23.74 28 28
32.38 143 262

33
340

71
90
899 2,444

3 19
835 100

6
36

2
29

9
66

13
96

11
117

4
143

18
266

34
510

471 31
47
814 1,321 706

3
446

115

T otal..

14 5,176 107.9

98.9 34.27

31.96 171 290

373

970 2,534

838 119

42

31

75 104 109

128

147

284

544

861 1,368

449

115

38
113

75

9
95

737

63

OTHER EMPLOYEES: Female.
68.4 $14.03
91.2 15.80

116.7

15.68

New Hampshire P iece..
T im e..

42
78

120
247

115 .
582 .

17
23

6
14

40

20

1
10

4
20

5.
26 .

12.45

332 107.3
985 95.

1.
22 .

$10.55
1 2.“

T otal..

1
28

697 .

98.0
118.0

Alabama.

P iece..
T im e..

T otal..

1,317

18.7

86.1 26.25
84.3 24.95

23 .
18
27

84.1 25.28
15.72
13.56

10
11
32

12
19

465

37

47
75

20.
7.

122

265

27 .

49
75

20.
7.

124

27 .

3 .
18

116.6

99.3 15.87

13.72

24

31 .

108.0
107.5

96.7 25.49
80.0 19.51

22.
13.94

5
10

8.
1 5.

110.0

89.0

45
104

133
305

129 .
645 .

17
41

7
20

149

438

774 .

58

27

TABLES,

Total..
Pennsylvania... Piece..
T im e..

GENEBAL

120.0 110.5 16.99
116.0 97.4 15.

North Carolina. P iece..
T im e..

21.
22.37

1.
9

Total..
Other States.. . . Piece..
Tim e..

8.58

120.0 57.6 17.78

6.82
8.57

Total..
A ll States..




117.3

66.2 15.18

Piece..
Tim e..

364 107.5
1,161 98.7

86.9 25.65
85.1 23.70

21.
20.95

Total..

1,525

85.5 24.16

21.05

19
45
100

12
49
33

16
43

15
45

44
161

83
404

60
266

to

M

able

E .~

AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULL­
TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, IN THE UNITED STATES, BY YEARS, 1911 TO 1918.

122

T

FINISHING.
lln this table the figures opposite each group of years are for identical establishments. When a second line is shown for 1918 it contains all data obtained for 1918, whether or not
comparable data for 1916 were available.]

Employees whose earnings per hour were—

week were—

U n­ and
Over der un­
60.
der
cts. 10
cts.

10
and
un­
der
12
cts.

12
and
un­
der
14
cts.

107
57

283
323

206
244

32
64

11
10

8
14

14
18
16
20
25
and
and
and
and
un­ and
under under under under
der
25
18
20
30
16
cts.
cts.
cts.
cts.
cts.

30
and
un­
der
40
cts.

748

57.5 SO.133
.137
57.2

$7.63
7.82

364
404

128
187

196
157

19 establishments 1912
1913

714
787

57.7
57.7

.137
.142

8.20

318
325

187
232

209
230

51
60

327
315

234
279

54
75

10
14

12
32

18 establishments 1913
1914

801
785

57.4
56.'2

.142
.143

8.17
8.05

373
456

198
158

230
168

54
49

331
304

285
303

73
92

21
23

33
11

21 establishments 1914
1916

920
867

56.0
55.7

.146
.175

8.19
9.76

591
630

158
164

168
64

49
14

311
37

376
154

128
260

36
281

17
119

1

1

24 establishments 1916
1918

892

55.8
54.7

.176
.263

9.83
14.39

678
654

164
85

108
62

14

37

156

312
4

305
33

133
286

1
433

1
129

Laborers, dyehouse,
male:
30 establishments 1911
1912

1,229
1,268

57.7
57.2

.144
.153

8.32
8.75

415
419

575
649

230
200

56
40

369
157

577
550

202
486

13
25

7
10

27 establishments 1912
1913

1,179
1,120

57.4
57.4

.154
.153

8.83
8.77

335
339

649
575

195
206

24
27

160
210

497
408

465
443

22
25

11
4

33 establishments 1913
1914

1,167
1,267

57.5
56.1

.149
.153

8.56
8.55

333
822

513
154

321
289

99
99

206
206

408
437

429
403

21
96

1
7

2

33 establishments 1914
1916

1,275 56.0
1,214 I 56.3

.153
.174

8.57
9.76

858
787

154
156

261
239

97
105

195
50

427
135

438
240

95
427 ;

7
248

2
2

1

6

GOODS.

32

1

LABOR— COTTON




72

40

50
and 60
un­ cts.
der and
60 over.
cts.

O
F

Laborers,
bleach
house, male:
19 establishments 1911
1912

40
and
un­
der
50
cts.

HOURS

60.

AN
D

Over
48
57
54
and and and
un­ under under
der 57.
60.
54.

WAGES

Av- AvAv­
Num­
erage
Occupation, ssx, and
ber of IS? earn- full­
number of estab­ Year. em­ time ings time
lishments
ploy- hours per weekly Unearn- der
per
week. hour.
48.

9

4

105
1

84
26

117
47

202
36

429
31

67
64

1
3

79
72

140
152

33
32

7
9

3
2

103
106

97
104

3
1

84
62

130
139

16
28

8
12

2
4

8.67
8.66

79
92

104
70

4

1

1
2

60
45

171
200

40
52

12
10

4
7

.152
.178

8.61
9.99

92
60

48
47

4

1

1

45
2

182
40

51
76

10
103

5
34

56.5
55.5

.181
.276

10.22
15.30

60
31

72
34

1

2

40

77

104

58
53

179
166

55.8
55.4

.479
.483

26.68
26.75

32
29

75
70

11 establishments 1912
1913

123
107

55.8
55.9

.488
.484

27.20
27.01

29
33

70
37

11 establishments 1913
1914

124
123

54.9
53.0

.482
.510

26.41
27.01

33
63

14

lOestablishments 1914
1916

118
107

53.0
53.1

.511
.526

27.05
27.89

1

58
49

11 establishments 1916
1918

122
115

53.3
53.2

.533
.711

28.42
37.78

1
1

49
53

Printers, male:
12establishments 1911
1912

156
164

56.9
56.7

.489
.487

27.79
27.54

57
62

13
14

12establishments 1912
1913

137
133

57.4
57.1

.472
.470

27.04
26.78

66
64

19
13

12 establishments 1913
1914

147
159

56.3
55.5

.479
.518

26.85
28.57

45
44

13
1

11 establishments 1914
1916

152
155

55.5
55.2

.516
.548

28.51
30.11

44
29

1
3

13establishments 1916
1918

176
142

55.1
54.5

.553
.797

30.34
43.38

29

3

34 establishments 1916
1918

1,194
1,450

56.7
56.0

.173
.273

9.76
15.17

287
331

Laborers, color m ix­
ing, male:
12 establishments 1911
1912

263
270

57.7
57.4

.146
.147

8.45
8.45

90
103

12 establishments 1912
1913

243
246

58.4
58.6

.145
.149

8.46
8.73

12 establishments 1913
1914

288
317

57.5
56.8

.151
.153

11 establishments 1914
1916

295
255

56.5
56.2

13 establishments 1916
1918

281
277

Engravers, male:
12establishments 1911
1912

242 ;
283

386

34

163

59

1

1

9

114
94

54
64

2
2

1
18

1
3

78
70

42
32

2
2

18

10
1

64
39

47
81

2

1
2

37
26

78
73

2
6

2

26
5

82
6

12
104

15
18

5
9

13
13

123
124

4

18
17

9
8

22
11

88
93

4
3

17
16

8
8

11
6

107
119

7

.3

16
4

8
20

6
5

112
67

7
59

5

20
1

5
2

79
8

67
131

6

1

I

123

2
606

TABLES.




44

GENERAL

156
145

2

E.—
AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK,

AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULLTIME WEEKLY EARNINGS, IN THE UNITED STATES, BY YEARS, 1911 TO 1918—Concluded.

124

T able

FINISHING—Concluded.

A v­
erage
earn­
ings
per
hour.

A v­
erage
full­
time
weekly U n­
earn­ der 48.
ings.

Employees whose earnings per hour were—

week were—

60.

412
409

57.9 $0,149
.151
57.8

$8.61
8.73

118
123

201
201

93
85

20 establishments 1912
1913

422
395

58.1
57.8

.150
.153

8.72
8.85

101
110

201
193

120
92

19 establishments 1913
1914

344
359

57.7
56.7

.156
.161

8.98
9.12

115
185

137
61

19 establishments 1914
1916

359
326

56.7
55.9

.161
.192

9.12
10.73

185
225

23 establishments 1916
1918

363
308

56.0
55.3

.195
.279

10.88
15.40

Folders, male:
19 establishments 1911
1912

268
277

57.4
57.2

.230
.246

19 establishments 1912
1913

276
250

57.7
57.1

19 establishments 1913
1914

266
255

20 establishments 1914
1916
24 establishments 1916
1918

10
and
un­
der
12
cts.

14
30
18
25
20
16
and
and
and
and
and
un­ and
un­
der under under under under der
25
18
20
30
40
16
cts.
cts.
cts.
cts.
cts.
cts.

213
180

100
128

195
204

124
114

92
113

172
101

112
185

61
58

113
43

101
15

185
66

246
255

58
36

59
17

15

13.16
14.06

158
150

38
68

72
59

58
108

27
36

.243
.250

13.99
14.20

120
145

68
34

88
71

91

36
33

56.8
56.0

.247
.273

13.95
15.18

167
168

28
22

71
65

260
300

55.7
54.8

.272
.306

15.05
16.72

189
271

22
20

49
9

166

361
360

54.9
54.3

.303
.427

16.57
23.14

327
356

20

14
4

197
93

29

50
and 60
un­ cts.
der and
60 over.
cts.

10
115
146
70

LABOR— COTTON

28
108
114

11

40
and
un­
der
50
cts.

O
F




12
and
un­
der
14
cts.

111
61

7
145

33

GOODS.

Calender t e n d e r s ,
male:
20 establishments 1911
1912

U n­and
Over der un­
60. 8 der
cts. 10
cts.

HOXTHS

Over
57
54
48
and and and
un­ under under
der 57.
60.
54.

AN
D

A v­
erage
full­
time
hours
per
week.

WAGES

Num­
Occupation, sex, and
ber of
number.of estab­ Year. em­
lishments.
ploy­
ees.

Knotters, female:
19 establishments 1911
1912

?S1

296

56.9
56.1

.116
.121

6.59
6.78

183
219

53
40

45
37

131
109

23
57

18
16

32
35

K establishments 1912
1913

300
274

56.5
55.9

.121
.118

6.82
6.54

194
201

40
44

66
29

134
125

53
59

16
26

35
23

19 establishments 1913
1914

279
282

55.8
54.6

.117
.122

6.51
6.69

206
251

44
17

29
14

126
130

75
75

14
46

23
10

20 establishments 1914
1916

285
317

54.6
54.4

.122
.139

6.66
7.57

254
300

17
8

14
9

130
59

78
142

46
76

10
15

23 establishments 1916
1918

351
292

54.4
53.9

.140
.208

7.61
11.19

7

334
285

8

9

59

165
5

76
7

25
71

9
60

15
108

2
30

Other
employees,
male:
23 establishments 1914
1916

7,546
7,923

56.9
56.2

.172
.205

9.78
11.48

25
36

39
24

64 4,391
52 5,367

951
1,300

1,734
883

158 1,366 2,581
408
844
68

1,220
1,633

537
1,940

790
1,738

504
604

1918

8,648
8,492

56.3
55.9

.206
.302

11.55
16.82

36
72

24
9

52 5,789
96 6,428

1,300
752

1,172
805

Other
employees,
female:
19 establishments 1914
1916

1,857
1,961

54.4
54.2

.136
.161

7.38
8.72

10
36

....

40 1,654
42 1,736

77
131

21 establishments 1916
1918

2,188
2,173

54.2
54.0

.159
.235

8.64
12.69

36
33

....

42 1,963
31 2,109

131

23 establishments 1918

2,218

54.0

.235

12.71

36

25 establishments 1916




15

23

1

15

243
531

39
82

9
27

2
32

674
579
3,480 2,130

84
744

29
210

32
73

70
1

416
9

851
22

1,795
95

2,056
143

2,046
1,585

76
16

472
148

633
597

235
389

127
282

127
174

111
301

12
56

16

156
1

666
53

534
70

267
186

185
343

301
860

62

1

53

70

186

343

16

31 2,151
1

310
316

i

ISO
OX

126

Table F.—AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULLTIME WEEKLY EARNINGS IN EACH STATE, BY YEARS, 1916 AND 1918.
[In this table the figures for both years are for identical establishments.]

Year.

HOUES

LABORERS, BLEACH HOUSE: Male.




60.0 $0.175 $10.50
.259 14.64
56.6

55
41

27

11

3

282
322

55.7
54.3

.168
.254

9.35
13.75 *59*

159
99

55.0
54.0

.193
.284

10.59
15.33

57.7
55.7

.180
.245

10.33
13.62

26
32

90
85

54.8
54.8

.184
.247

10.08
13.52

90
85

255
218

54.7
54.4

.173
.271

9.50
14.73

249
213

28

159
99

45
32

1

73
55

58.9
56.3

.170
.296

16.50

959
892

55.8
54.7

.176
.263

9.83
14.39

2

154
164

1 0 .0 0

34
3

72'

678
654

21

31

2

2

14

1

14

97

54

81
29

116

2

124
85

23

83

50
8

1

3

7

6

23
26

13
37

2

40

33

108
62

54
2

36
69

48
3

7

6
19

1

14

37

39

81

1
10

42

4

5

312

305
33

1

21

164
85

109

13

3

6

36

1

13

6

138

5
32

51

19

67

22

156

4

1

97

46

3

10

8

30

3

133
286

1
433

1
129

6

GOODS.

Total:
24 establishments . . . . 1916
1918

55
81

LABOE— COTTON

1916
1918
Massachusetts:
5 establishm ents......... 1916
1918
New Hampshire:
3 establishments.......... 1916
1918
New Jersey:
2 establishments........... 1916
1918
New York:
3 establishm ents......... 1916
1918
Rhode Island:
7 establishm ents......... 1916
1918
Other States:
1916
2 establishments..........
1918

O
F

Connecticut:
2 establishments..........

50
and 60
un­ cts.
der and
60 over.
cts.

AKD

Num­
ber of
em­
ploy­
ees.

Employees whose full-time hours per
Employees whose earnings per hour were—
Aver­
week were—
age
full­
30
40
12
16
18
20
25
time
8
10
14
Over 54
57
and and and
week­ Un­
Un­and and and and and and and
48
and and and
Over der un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­
ly
60.
der der der der der
der
der
der der der
earn­ der 48. un­ un­ un­
60.
8
der
40
50
14
30
der der
16
18
20
25
ings.
cts. 10 12
60.
57.
cts. cts. cts.
54.
cts. cts. cts. cts. cts. cts.
cts.

WAGES

State and number of
establishments.

Aver­ Aver­
age
full­ age
time earn­
hours ings
per
per hour.
week.

LABO ERS, DYEHOUSE: M
R
ale.
Connecticut:
3 establishments..........

1916
1918

8
52
271
334

58
43

55.3
55.4

.178
.272

9.82
15.02

334
439

55.7
54.8

.196
.317

10.91
17.35

302
379

69
61

58.3
55.8

.195
.255

11.04
14.22

57
61

154
174

60.0
60.0

.118
.188

7.06
11.27

64
109

54.0
54.0

.183
.290

9.89
15.65

110
91

59.2
57.6

.141
.231

8.35
13.09

5
37

30

75
54

1,194
1,450

56.7
56.0

.173
.273

9.76
15.17

707
972

156
145

287
331

60

32

2

92

2

101

128

74
169

1
187

125

22*

188

123
1

212

195

17

38
30

31

1

12
9

154
174

2
1

1

64
109

?

126
145

53

93

397
481

11

3

2

1

10

65

70
6

6
31

1
30

28

73

5

1

27
1

1
1

31

33

3
3

67

38

10 :
3

2
6

1
12

25

3

2
606

386

34

30
5

105
1

84
26

117
47

202
36

429
31

242
283

2

29

5

22

8

47

48

14
19

112

14

13

4

16
16

21

9

11
20

1

44

39
1

12

19

9
16

22

13

2

5

16

8

30
18

7

24

1

1

2

40

77

104

58
53

163

59

1

1

TABLES.

Total:
34 establishments......... 1916
1918

59.4 $0.180 $10.71
57.3
.263 15.06

GENERAL

Massachusetts:
9 establishments........... 1916
1918
New Hampshire:
3 establishments.......... 1916
1918
New Jersey:
2 establishments.......... 1916
1918
North Carolina:
8 establishments........... 1916
1918
Rhode Island:
3 establishments.......... 1916
1918
Other States:
6 establishments.......... 1916
1918

66
95

LABORERS, COLOR MIXING: Male.
Connecticut:
2 establishments.......... 1916
1918
Massachusetts:
1916
3 establishments........
1918
Rhode Island:
1916
4 establishments........
1918
Other States:
4 establishments.......... 1916
1918
Total:
13 establishments...




1916
1918

37
30

60.0 $0,183 $10.98
58.5
.278 16.24

37
21

9

130
145

55.8
55.0

.176
.273

9.81
14.99

70
114

53
51

54.2
54.1

.179
.271

9.67
14.67

53
51

61
51

57.9
56.4

.193
.288

11.14
16 ?5

26
37

281
277

56.5
55.5

.181
.276

10.22
15.30

149
211

60
31

35
13
60
31

1

72
34

1

to
•4

Employees whose earnings per hour were—
8
Un­and
der un­
8 der
cts. 10
cts.

10
and
un­
der
12
cts.

12
and
un­
der
14
cts.

14
and
un­
der
16
cts.

16
and
un­
der
18
cts.

18
and
un­
der
20
cts.

20
and
un­
der
25
cts.

25
and
un­
der
30
cts.

30
and
un­
der
40
cts.

40
and
un­
der
50
cts.

50
and
un­ cts.
der and
60 over.
cts.

AN
D

Employees whose full-time hours per
week were—
Aver­
age
full­
time
Over 54'
57
week­ Un­
48 and and
ly
der 48. and un­ un­
60. Over
un­
earn­
60.
der
ings.
der der
ah
ou.
57.
54.

WAGES

State and number of
establishments.

Num­
ber of
Year. em­
ploy­
ees.

Aver­ Aver­
age
full­ age
tim e cam­
hours per
per
week. hour.

128

Table F.—AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULLTIME WEEKLY EARNINGS IN EACH STATE, BY YEARS, 1916 AND 1918—Continued.

ENGRAVERS: M ale.

27.70
38.75

10

19
10

.561
.673

29.85
35.53

19
27

..533
.711

28.42
37.78

49
53

72
60

i
j

16
15

19
21

54.5
54.0

.509
.720

35
42

53.1
52.7

122
115

53.3
53.2

1
1

1
1

2

4
52

|

25
6

g
33

82
6

12
104

13
17

3
1

2

1

11

26
5

I
................i.........

1

15
4

41
64

19

PRINTERS : M ale.
Connecticut:
2 establishments.

1916
1918

18
18

54.0 $0,628 $33.89 ... L . .
54.0
.797 43.07

1916
1918

82
69

55.6
54.2

.515
.833

28.41
45.19

Rhode Island:
1916
4 establishments.......... 1918

37
28

54.5
54.7

.589
.803

32.05
43.93

Other States:
1916
4 establishments.......... 1918

39
27

55.4
55.0

.563
.698

31.14
38.40

176
142

55.1
54.5

.553
.797

30.34
43.38

Massachusetts:
3 establishments. .

Total:
13 establishments........




1916
1918

53
69
■

i
i
i

I

18
18

(

29

37
28

19

33

4

29

1

27

3

36
27
144
142

4

1

1
1

2
1

26
2

9
23

3

5

20
1

5
2

79
8

67
131

GOODS,

g
2

1

46

5
1

.

16

2
3

.

LABOR— COTTON

1916
1918

37
35

53.1 $0.526 $27.88
53.2
.738 39.20

O
F

Total:
11 establishments........

I
30
16

68
52

HOUES

Massachusetts:
3 establishments.......... 1916
1918
Rhode Island:
4 establishments. .
1916
1918
Other States:
4 establishments.......... 1916
1918

CALEN ER TENDERS: M
D
ale.

C> Total:
23 establishments......... 1916
1918

33
32

60.0 $0.191 $11.47
57.0
.270 15.38

19

73
83

56.3
55.8

.173
.264

9.68
14.65

31
47

49
51

57.6
55.6

.190
.252

10.91
14.00

30
51

34

54.7
54.6

.195
.291

10.68
15.90

104
81

54.2
54.2

.210
.300

58
27

56.4
54.9

363
308

56.0
55.3

33
13

30

3

23
1

7

16
30

25

18

20

11
31

20

46
34

4

19

23
8

7

18

1

11.37
16.27

104
81

10

18

68
1

6
52

2
27

1

.201
.312

11.34
17.10

35
23

16

7
4

1

11

20

25

1
9

16

2

.195
.279

10.88
15.40

246
255

58
36

59
17

15

66
1

114

146
70

7
145

2
88

4

13

42
36

14

19

13

32
30

GENERAL

Connecticut:
2 establishments........... 1916
1918
Massachusetts:
5 establishments........... 1916
1918
New Jersey:
2 establishments........... 1916
1918
New York:
3 establishments........... 1916
1918
Rhode Island:
7 establishments........... 1916
1918
Other States:
4 establishments........... 1916
1918

!

Massachusetts:

6 establishments........... 1916
1918
N ew Hampshire:
2 establishments........... 1916
1918
New York:
3 establishments........... 1916
1918
Rhode Island:
7 establishments........... 1916
1918
Other States:
6 establishments........... 1916
1918
Total:
24 establishments......... 1916
1918

54. 6 $0,299 $16.26
54.0
.409 22.07

36
42

55.0
54.0

54
43

54.8
54.9

77
100

4

14

2

3

27
17

3
3

45
28

7
27
17
24

i

4

.259
.374

14.22
20.17

36
42

19
1

11
4

6
20

.315
.421

17.29
23.10

54
43

1

5

48
18

10

15

12

123
126

54.0
54.0

.334
.487

18.02
26.30

57.2
55.4

.258
. 35S

14.75
19.76

37
45

6

361
360

54.9
54.3

.303
.427

16.57
23.14

327
356

20

14
4

9
101

1

14
4

95
6

28

25
20

3
21

4

2

2

4

87
18

50
27

197
93

16
173

1
28

21

123
126

57
49

6

l
15

14

2

129




91
100

TABLES.

FOLDERS: M ale.

State and number of
establishments.

Employees whose earnings per hour were—
8
Un­and
der un­
8 der
cts. 10
cts.

10
and
un­
der
12
cts.

12
and
un­
der
14
cts.

14
16
and and
un­ un­
der der
16
18
cts. cts.
•

18
and
un­
der
20
cts.

20
and
un­
der
25
cts.

3
30

2

62

2
20

1
22

3
1

1
8

25
and
un­
der
30
cts.

30
40
50
and and and
un­ un­ un­ cts.
der der der and
40
50
60 over.
cts. cts. cts.

Massachusetts:
5 establishments..........

54.0
54.0

.140
.190

7.56
10.26

53
51

127
84

54.0
53.2

.143
.216

7.74
11.51

1916
1918

66
63

55.9
54.6

.128
.212

7.17
11.57

. . . 1916
1918

351
292

54.4
53-9

.140
.208

7.61
11.19

1916
1918

53
51

__ 1916
1918

New York:
3 establishments..........
Rhode Island:
7 establishments.

Other States:
8 establishments........
Total:
23 establishments.

4

105
94

30

49
63

7

8

8

5
7

11
17

7
18

12
19

1
15

8

25
5

6

9
4

1
18

26

7

3

59

9

61

25

9

334
285

j

65

46

127
77

7

33

165
5

76
7

25
71

9
60

15
108

2
30

11

1916
1918
Massachusetts:
6 establishments.......... 1916
1918
New Hampshire:
1916
3 establishments
1918




746
760

24
59.8 $0.198 $11.83
.290 16.76 "*8* 7
57.9

2,821
3,046

55.8
55.8

.197
.282

10.94
15.68

404
408

55.8
54.9

.217
.334

12.14
18.30

20
34

2

1
3

42
328

42
89

612
301

956
661

11
165

61
108

1
1

21
14

4

25
24

35 1,738
43 2,033

%

382
393

7

29
1

15

187

340
1

107
40

40
555

45
94

5
66

2
4

1

280
5

452
12

598
49

628
58

464
164
765 1,384

135
537

23
190

15
29

26
16

2

22

108

41
1

158
21

29
205

3
44

1
13

2
4

38
120

GOODS.

OTHER EMPLOYEES: M ale.
Connecticut:
2 establishments

LABOR— COTTON

$7.75
11.17

105
94

O
F

54.0 $0,144
54.0
.207

1916
1918

HOURS

KNOTTERS: Female.

AN
D

Employees whose full-time hours per
week were—
Aver­
age
full­
Over 54
time
57
48 and
week­ Un­
and un­ and
ly
un­
der
60. Over
un­ der
earn­ 48.
60.
der
der 57.
ings.
60.
54

WAGES

Num­
ber of
Year. em­
ploy­
ees.

Aver­ Aver­
age
full­ age
time earn­
hours ings
per
per hour.
week.

130

T able F.—AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULL­
TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS IN EACH STATE, BY YEARS, 1916 AND 1918—Concluded.

New Jersey:
2 establishments.......... 1916

402
365

58.3
56.7

.200

1918

.270

11.65
15.31

1918

1,195
1,032

55.3
55.6

.214
.301

1918

2,303
2,277

55.1
55.2

1916
1918

777
604

1916
1918

8,648
8,492

New York:
3 establishments.......... 1916
Rhode Island:
7 est,f».hlish m p.nt.s............ 1916
Other States:
2 establishments..........

264
335

115

11.83
16.70

1,156
978

6
21

.217
.330

11.93
18.21

2,206
44 2,041

2

4
64

93
105

59.1
57.7

.197
.307

11.66

1

302

423
253

19
25

56.3
55.9

.206
.302

11.55
16.82

1,172
805

275
330

16

16

17.57

Total:

25 fistahljshmfvpts

5

33
33

9

326
36
72

94

5?
96

9

5,789
6,428

1,300
752

23

21

10

16

2

54
19

141
4

102

26
71

20

184

26

61

2
20
12

4
4

17

16

233

290

20

437
255

93
325

89
304

80

23

76

164

411

10

506
44

604
214

242
839

228
733

37
282

204

110

174
106

71
186

33
196

674
2,046
579
1,585 3,480 2,130

4

1

21
3

16

70

1

416
9

2

1

156
5

6

1
1

15

851 1,795 2,056
22
95
143

4
4
26

14

6

2

114

39

1
20

1

62
84
744

210

29

32
73

4

1

2

OTHER EMPLOYEES: Female.

Massachusetts:
4 establishments.

New York:
3 establishments
Rhode Island:
7 establishments.
Other States:
3 establishments.

55.0 $0.142
54.7
.219

$7.80
11.96

4

1916
1918

702
786

53.5
53.7

.160
.238

8.55
12.77

34
23




7.10

43

1 21
21

36
145
23

93
48

56
67

105
395

19

50
7

1

1

1

1

4

34

25

15

24

150

101
11 21

55
47

57

53

1
1

.125
.183

10.22

1916
1918

455
398

54.0
54.0

.159
.209

8.61
11.27

1
___|
........
1

16

455
398
585
524

1

9.15
13.86

5

1916
1918

252
230

55.8
53.9

.155
.252

8.66

2

13.58

1916
1918

2,188
2,173

54.2
54.0

.159
.235

8.64
12.69

36
33

1
1

230

56.9
55.7

.169
.257

14
18

54

73

54.0
54.0

93

647
742

86

585
529

1

14

57
85

!

1916
1918

63

140

1916
1918

Total:

21 establishments.........

121

144

21
10

98

220

42 1,963
31 2,109

21

112

115

TABLES,

New Jersey:
2 establishments

121

1916
1918

GENERAL

Connecticut:
2 establishments..

1

2

2

5

5

1

120

112

51

22

3

4

25

120

172
3

77
7

53
81

98
199

30
107

5
117

10

5

2

34

73
14

52
19

27
50

18
14

43
46

3

12

55

18

1

1

666

534
70

267
186

185
343

301
860

62
296

310

36

7

1

131

131

16

3
5

8
5

156

1

53

6

•1

CO

132

Table G.—AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULLTIME WEEKLY EARNINGS FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS, BY STATES, 1918.
FINISHING.

Aver­
age
earn­
ings
per
hour.

Employees whose full-time hours per
week were—
Aver­
age
full­
51
Over 57
time
weekly Un­and
54
and
un­ 54.
and un­ 60. Over
earn­ der der
60.
under der
ings. 51. 54.
57.
60.

Employees whose earnings per hour were—
18
and
un­
der
20
cts.

16
and
un­
der
18
cts.

25
and
un­
der
30
cts.

30
and
un­
der
40
cts.

14
116

67
138

39

40
and
un­
der
50
cts.

50
and 60
un­ cts.
der and
60 over.
cts.

HOURS

20
and
un­
der
25
cts.

29

8 10 12 14
and and and and
un­ un­ un­ under der der d^r
10 12 14 16
cts. cts. cts. cts.

LABORERS, BLEACH HOUSE: Male.
56.6 $0,259 $14.64
254 13.75
54.3

New Hampshire.

Piece.
Time.

54.0
54.0

.322
.284

17.39
15.31

1

Total™

54.0

.284

15.33

99

New Jersey........
New York..........
Rhode Island__
Other States......

Time.
Time.
Time.
Time.

218
55

55.7
54.8
54.4
56.3

.245
.247
.271
.296

13.62
13-52
14.73
16.50

17
190
34

All States...........

Piece.
Time.

1
891

54.0
54.7

.322
.263

17.39
14.39

72

14.39

72

41

TotaL

24

54.7

150

85

81
81

23

490

4
46
30

10

164

85

164

85

433

1
128

286

433

129

l
169

92
187

2
125

1

19
62

10

1
211

25
170

31

1

212

195

31 .......| ........

33

19

LABORERS, DYEH OUSE: Male.
Connecticut.......
Massachusetts...

Time.
Time.

3
9

95
481

57.3 $0,263 $15.06
55.4
.272 15.02

New Hampshire.

Piece.
Time.

1
3

58
381

54.2
54.9

.400
.304

Total..

3

439

54.8

.317




265

52
69

21.66
16.70

48
321

10

17.35

369

2

i
10 j

145

43

1
1

60

!

60 |

!
1
1
1

" "I""

!
!
1
,
r

1

1

1

I

[
1
I

LABOR-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Time.
Time.

O
F

81
322

Connecticut.......
Massachusetts...

AN
D

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

Aver­
Num­ age
ber of full­
em­ time
ploy­ hours
per
ees.
week.

WAGES

State.

Piece
work­
ers
or time
work­
ers.

New Jersey___

..... !......

Piece.
Time.

1
2

2
59

56.0
55.8

.282
.254

15.79
14.17

2
59

Total..

2

61

55.8

.255

14.22

2
8

5
169

60.0
60.0

.275
.185

16.52
11.11

5
169

Total..

8

174

60.0

.188

11.27

174

Rhode IslandOther States...

Time.
Time.

4
6

113
91

54.0
57.6

.288
.231

15.57
13.09

113
32

5

54

All States........

Piece.
Time.

4
35

65
1,389

54.7
56.0

.386
.267

21.09
14.89

48
731

12
185 2

5
326

30

North Carolina

Total..

35

1,454

56.0

.273

15.17

2

779

197

i

145

331

2
29

t
i

30

—

61

Piece.
Time.

i

31

1

5

i
1 |

6

—

---- I

28

73

6
1

,
31 | 30
31

30

28

73

5

16

1
5

3

6
6

67
12

39
25

3

8
598

25
362

31
3

606

387

34

20

1 26
145

47

36

31

1
285

26

47

36

J 31

286

1

1 1

Connecticut. . .
Massachusetts..
Rhode IslandOther S ta tes-.

145
51
51

58.5 $0,278 $16.24
55.0
.273 14.99
54.1
.271 14.67
56.4
16.25

Total.

277

55.5

.276

13

22
112
22
7

34

163

21

15.30

138

73

31

TABLES.

Time.
Time.
Time.
Time.

GENERAL

LABORERS, COLOR M IXING: Male.

59

ENGRAVERS: Male.

3
4
4

52
21
42

T otal..

11

115

53.2 $0,738 $39.20
54.0
.726 38.75
52.7
.673 35.53

5

4

13
10
22

35
4

.711

9

45

39

1
i
1
.......1........
,1
" !
1
I
1

I I I
I
1
1
1
!
I
!
I
!
1
!
1
i
j . . . j . . . . ' .......i........ i........... i .......... I........... i
!
i
1
I
......I
J .. 1 . . . J . ..
.. . . i ..
1 *
I I
L
I
1

1

S2
19
33

2
3

6 |

5

6

104

54.0 $0,797 $43.07
54.2
.833 45.19
54.7
43.93
55.0
38.40

1
4
1
2

17
64
27
23

43.38

8

131

53.2

37.78

6
15
21

,

Massachusetts................... T im e..
Rhode Island.. ............... Tim e..
Other States...................... T im e-

PRINTERS: Male.

Connecticut. . .
Massachusetts.
Rhode IslandOther States...

18
69
28
27

T otal..

142

54.5

.797

133




T im eTime ..
Tim e..
T im e..

134

Table G.—AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULL­
TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS, BY STATES, 1918—Continued.
FINISHING—Continued.

whose earnings per hour were—
18
and
un­
der
20
cts.

20
and
un­
der
25
cts.

25
and
un­
der
30
cts.

30
and
un­
der
40
cts.

40
and
un­
der
50
cts.

50
and 60
un­ cts.
der and
60 over.
cts.

CALENDER TENDERS: Male.

.
57.0 SO 270 $15.38
.264 14.66
55.8
55.6
.252 14.00

New York___

Piece..
T im e..

54.5
54.6

Rhode Island.
Other States..
All States......

Piece..
T im e..

10
301

.291

15.90

.300
.312

16.27
17.10

54.5
55.3

.313
.278

17.05
15.34

5
149

.279

15.39

154

15

19
52
2
143

36
104

36

17

70

145

i7

3

4
24

16
11

10

15

17

3

28

27

10

15

GOODS,

T otal..

54.6

30

17.05
15.42

55.3

T im e..
T im e..

.313
.282

54.2
54.9

34

T otal..

13

43

LABOR— COTTON

T im e..
T im e..
T im e..

O
F

Connecticut..
Massachusetts
New Jersey...

POLDERS: Male.

Massachusetts.




Piece.
Time.

2
6

45
55

Total..

6

100

54.0 $0,529 $28.59
54.0
.310 16.73
54.0

.409

22.07

45
55
100

I
1

1
----- ---- ---- ---- ----

HOUBS

Employees whose full-time hours per
Employees
week were—
Aver­ Aver­
age
age
full­
earn­ time
10 12 14 16
51
Over 57
and and and and and
ings weekly Un­ and
54
and
per earn­ der un­ 54.
Over un­ un­ un­ un­ un­
and un­ 60. 60. der
hour. ings. 61. der
der der der der
under der
10 12 14 16 18
57.
54.
60.
cts. cts. cts. cts. cts.

AN
D

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

Aver*
Num­ age
ber of full­
em­ tim e
ploy­ hours
per
ees.
week.

WAGES

State.

Piece
work­
ers
or time
work­
ers.

54.0
54.0

.400
.365

21.58
19.73

.444
.418

23.95
22.97

54.0

.487

26.30

54.0
55.8

.502
.325

27.11
18.11

New Hampshire

Piece.
Time.
Total..

54.0

New York.........

Piece.
Time.

54.0
55.0

37

Other State?......

126

Time.
Piece.
Time.

37

55.4

.358

54.0
54.4

.500
.409

27.00
22.21

360

54.3

.427

23.14

24

2

36

19.76

70
290

15

126

21

36
70
213

10
83

18

73

27

73
KNOTTERS: Female.

54.0 $0,207 $11.16
.207 11.17
54.0
54.0

.207

11.17

54

Rhode Island-

Piece.
Time.

42

54.0
54.0

.266
.174

14.36
9.38

20

22

Total..

New York.,

51

54.0

.190

10.26

20

.214

17

18

17

18

54.0
53.1

PieceTime.,
Total..

Other States..

84

11.51

53.2
54.0
54.7

Piece..
Time-

.254
.201

77

13.69
11.02

26




63

54.6

.212

11.57

37

Piece..
Time-

36
256

54.0
53.9

.243
.203

13.11
10.92

292

53.9

.208

11.19

259

18

18

26

36
223

Total. .

18

26

15
15
71

108

30

135

Total. .
All States..

17
4

22

13.97
11.42

173

13
15

TABLES.

Piece.
Time.
Total..

Massachusetts.

29
144

GENERAL

49

Piece..
Time..
Total..

1

37

Total..
All States..........

17

42

54.9

Total.
Rhode Island___

20.17

136

Table G.—AVERAGE AND CLASSIFIED FULL-TIME HOURS PER WEEK, AND EARNINGS PER HOUR, AND AVERAGE FULL­
TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS, BY STATES, 1918—Concluded.
FINISHING— Concluded.

whose earnings per hour were—
30
and
un­
der
40
cts.

40

555

94

49

4
761

9
1,375

13
524

49

765

1,384

537

40
and
un­
der
50
cts.

50
and 60
un­ cts.
der and
60 over.
cts.

OTHER EMPLOYEES: Male.

$0,290 $16.76

327

24

Tim e..

Massachusetts...

Piece..
Tim e..

30
3,016

Total..

3,046

55. J

Piece..
Tim e..

4
404

54.0
54.9

Total..

408

54. S

.334

18.30

Piece..
Time..

4
361

55.8
56.7

.258
.270

14.40
15.32

4
331

21

19

2
182

56.7

.270

15.31

335

21

19

184

71

54.6
55.6

.317
.300

17.29
16.67

7
248

11
314

11
293

325

304

New Hampshire

New Jersey.......

Total..
New York........

Piece..
Tim e..

44




.319
.281

17.25
15.66

.282

15.68

.376
.333

36

30
1,775

*228

661

36

1,805

228

661

20.29
18.2S

55.6

.301

Piece..
Tim e.

54.1
55.2

.392
.329

2,277

55.2

.330

18.21

108

12

190

14

19
176

21

120

14

25
758

21

3
202

21

120

205
61

20

61

20

33

38

1,944

20

2

17
1,927

105
97

16

44

783

21.23
18.19

T o ta l..

165

392

16.70

18
2,259

Total.
Rhode Isla n d ...

54.0
55.8

O
F

Connecticut.......

214

1
13
80

10

837

44

13

723
733

39
282

114

39

LABOR----------------------------------------------------------------------

25
and
un­
der
30
cts.

HOURS

20
and
un­
der
25
cts.

18
and
un­
der
20
cts.

AN
D

Num­
ber of
estab­
lish­
ments.

Employees whose full-time hours per
Employees
week were—
Aver­
age
full­
10 12 14 16
time
Over 57
51
and and and and and
weekly Un­and
54
and
Over un­ un­ un­ un­ un­
earn­ der un­ 54.
and un­
60. der der der der der
under der
ings. 51. der
10 12 14 16 18
54.
57.
60.
cts. cts. cts. cts. cts.

WAGES

State.

Piece
work­
ers
or time
work­
ers.

A ver­
Num­ age Aver­
age
ber of full­ earn­
em­ time
ings
ploy­ hours per
ees.
per
week. hour.

All States..

Piece..
Tim e..

4 60.0
600 57.7

.295
.307

17.72
17.57

Total-.

Other States..

57.7

.307

17.57

Piece..
T ime..

54.6
55.9

.330
.301

55.9

.302

Total..

25

8,492

320

25

106

253

320
—

15

25

15

2

184

106

2

194

62

20

196

62

20

4,587
16.

79

1,741

752

~T
801

330

13
1,572

26
3,454

4,657

1,771

752

805

330

1,585

3,480

2,130

.36

93

14

1

2,091

1

72
210

73

OTHER EMPLOYEES: Female.

Tim e..

2

144

54.7 $0,219 $11.96

4

Massachusetts

Piece..
Tim e..

3
5

213
614

53.7
53.7

.292
.220

15.71
11.80

7
16

21

206
577

21

23

48

2
65

52
373

65
62

89
32

4

Total..

5

827

53.7

.238

12.80

23

21

783

21

23

48

67

425

117

121

4

Piece..
Time..

1
2

5
81

55.0
55.7

.198
.183

10.89
10.17

1

5
80

7

~T
3

Total..

2

86

55.7

.183

10.22

1

85

7

P iece.
Time..

2
3

216
182

54.0
54.0

.216
.200

11.68
10.79

216
182

U0

l

Total..

3

398

54.0

.209

11.27

398

U0

l

Piece..
Tim e..

4
7

74
455

54.0
54.0

.306
.249

16.54
13.42

5

74
434

16

Total..

7

529

54.0

.257

13.86

5

508

16

Piece..
Time..

1
4

1
233

54.0
53.8

.224
.252

12.10
13.57

3

Total. .

4

234

53.8

.252

13.56

3

Piece.
Time.

11
23

509
1,709

53.9
54.0

.261
.228

14.07
12.30

7
497
29 *3i' 1,413

5
236

110

Total. .

23

2,218

54.0

.235

12.71

36

241

no

New Jersey...

Rhode Island.

Other States..

All States......

__
_

r
33 ” 25*

3
12

4

34

25

15

11

21

30
17

18
102

59
53

43
8

11

21

47

120

112

51

22

3

3

7

2
79

7
192

30
77

27
90

g
2

5

3

7

81

199

107

117

10

5

55

18

1

1
1

1
1
21
1

2
1

10

1
220

14

19

50

14

1
47

14

10

221

14

19

50

14

48

14

55

18

1

i

11
42

22
48

31
155

22
321

122
770

138
165

137
179

14
22

1
6

1

i

53

70

186

343

892

303

316

36

7

1

31

1,910

i Including 5 employees whose wages were under 8 ccnts.
1 3 7




.

1
1

TABLE S .

New York___

140

GENERAL

Connecticut..

138

H .— AVERAGE FULL-TIME HOURS, HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED, FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS AND AMOUNTS
ACTUALLY EARNED, AND NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES WORKING EACH CLASSIFIED PER CENT OF FULL TIME AND
EARNING EACH CLASSIFIED AMOUNT DURING ONE PAY-ROLL PERIOD, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS.
BY STATES, 1918.

T a b le

FINISHING.

2
5
2
3
7
2

81
322
32
85
218
83

56.6
54.3
55.7
54.8
54.4
54.0

52.5 $14.64
55.0 13.75
54.4 13.62
52.1 13.52
50.9 14.73
56.9 16.64

$13.65
14.10
13.35
12.98
14.18
17.47

2
5
3
10
1

4 2
4 13
1
1 ” 6*
15 15
1

21

821

54.6

53.5

14.36

14.27

21

25

37

37
47
13
33
64
4

20
72
1
13
26
30

16
181
17
29
88
47

198

162

378

2
5

1
1

1
2

1
3
1

1

1
2
7 *25* 25
1
1
2
2
4
5
9

7
9
4

1
2
1

5

2

4

21

6

8

7

5

14

31 ’39

43

1
9

3
7

1
6 "i

1
3

4
19

34
81
15
8
35
14

7
76
1
6
22
33

3
19
1
2
13
10

18
19

14
1

50 138

187

145

48

59

20

18
91

6
40

14

LABORERS, DYEHOUSE: Male.

Connecticut..
Massachusetts

T im e..
Time..

3
9

95
481

57.3
55.4

57.6 $15.06
57.2 15.02

$15.19
15.50

New Jersey...

Piece..
T im e..

1
2

2
59

56.0
55.8

56.0 15.79
52.2 .14.17

15.79
13.33




Total..

2

61

55.8

52.4

14.22

13.41

5
16

5
3
16. 26

20
34

12
47

50
342

5
11 "6

1
5

"2

4

9

2
13

28

3

1

1

9

15

5
5

4

28

3

1

1

3
3

5

5

3
18

6
60

27
73

23
146

1

6

7

2
33

3

1

1

6

7

35

3

1

GOODS,

3
11

3

9
37
3
48
37
4

9
13
6
3
18
1

LABOR— COTTON

Tim e..
Time..
Tim e..
Tim e..
Time..
Time..
T otal..

Connecticut................
Massachusetts............
N ew Jersey...............
New York.........
Rhode Island.............
Other States...............

O
F

LABORERS, BLEACH HOUSE: Male.

HOURS

Employees working each
Aver­
Employees earning each classified amount during one week.
classified per cent of full
age
time during one week.
hours Aver­ Averwork­ age
age
ed
full­ amount
per time earned
per em­
em­
$3 $4 $5 $6 $7 $8 $9 $10 $11 $12 $14 $16 $18 $20
25 50 75
ploy­ week­ ployee Un­and and and
Un­and and and and and and and and and and and and and and $25
ly
ee
eam- during der un­ un­ un­ 100. Over der un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ and
100. $3. der der der der der der der der der der der der der der over.
dur­
one
25. der der der
week.
ing
$4. $5. $6. $7. $8. $9. $10. $11. $12. $14. $16. $18. $20. $25.
50. 75. 100.
one
week.

AN
D

State.

Average
full­
Num­
Piece ber Num­ time
ber hours
workers of
of
or time estab­ eraper
work- lish­ ploy- week
of
ments
estab­
lish­
ments.

WAGES

ONE-WEEK PAY BOLLS.

Piece..
T im e..

1
2

2
30

60.0
60.0

60.0
54.0

15.57
15.52

15.55
10.96

1

T otal..

Other States .
'i

A ll States

. .........

2

32

60.0

54.4

15.52

11.25

4

113

54.0

61.2

15.57

17.73

1

Piece..
T im e..

1
5

58
64

54.2
56.2

49.7
53.8

21.66
14.27

20.13
13.73

3
1

5

122

55.3

51.8

17.79

16. 77

P iece..
T im e..

3
25

62
842

54.4
55.7

50.2
57.1

21.28
15.00

T otal..

....

T im e..

T otal..

Rhode Island

25

904

55.6

56.6

15.43

1

4

7

2
16

1

1

1

1

2

1

1

4

2

18

1

1

2

1

1

4

2

18

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

16

20

19

20

29

4

2
8

2
7

14
12

21
6

13

9

26

27

15

4

7

18

2

3

12

7

90

2
3

1
5

5
11

45
21

2
23

2
2

1

1
1 ” 5’

1
4

9

4

1

1
3

4

5

6

16

66

25

4

1

2

5

9

4

1

4

10

19.84
15.32

3
23

2
30

1
45

5
93

49
116

2
535

2
18

1
10 * 7

1
1
5 ’i 6 ’ 16

21

11

10

1
30 110

5
161

3 14
198 141

21
82

13
6

15.63

26

32

46

98

165

537

20

11

6

21

11

10

30 111

166

201 155

103

19

2
2

1
11
3
2

9
15
22
1

4
39
8
2

4
52
11

8
19
4
20

1

2

17

47

53

67

51

1

1

7

5

16

17

2

LABORERS, COLOR M IXING: Male.

30
145
51
36

58.5
55.0
54.1
55.0

61.3
63.2
60.0
51.9

$16.24 $17.20
17.26
14.99
16.28
14.67
15.31
17.01

T otal..

11

262

55.2

61.9

15.12

17.03

1
1

i

2
5
1
3

4
7
11
12

1
2
2

22
129
37
21

2

11

34

5

209

1
1
1

|

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
1
1
3

2

6

2
2
2

6

8

6

ENGRAVERS: Male.

Massachusetts
Tim e..
Rhode Island.. ..
Tim e..
Other States............... Time..

3
4
3

52
21
30

53.2
54.0
53.3

53.1
58.0
55.2

$39.20 $39.15
38.75
41.53
38.92
37.75

5
4
16

45
3
6

2
14
8

52
21
30

T o ta l.

10

103

53.4

54. 7

38.68

25

54

24

TABLES.

2
3
4
2

GENEBAL

Connecticut
T im e..
Massachusetts............ Tim e..
Rhode Island............. Tim e..
Other States............... Time..

103

39.57

PRINTERS: Male.

Connecticut..
Massachusetts
Rhode Island.
Other States..

3

18
69
28
18

54.0
54.2
54.7
55.1

56.6
59.4
55.0
60.8

$43.07 $45.24
49.44
45.19
44.13
43.93
44.77
40.11

1

4

T o ta l.

12

133

54.4

58.3

43.95

47.02

1

2

3

1

2
1

14
68
4
14

1

24
2

5

26

100

1

2
1

1

28

16
69

1

1

16

1

2

129

139




Time. Tim e..
T im e..
T im e..

ACTUALLY EARNED, AND NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES W ORKING EACH CLASSIFIED PER CENT OF FU LL TIME AND
EA RN IN G EACH CLASSIFIED AMOUNT DURING ONE PAY-RO LL PERIOD , FO R PIECE W O RKERS AND TIM E W ORKERS,
B Y STATES, 1918— Continued.
FINISHING—Continued.

2
6
2

32
86
51

57.0
55.8
55.6

64.8 $15.38
58.1 14.66
52.8 14.00

New York................... P iece..
T im e..

2
3

10
24

54.5
54.6

63.1
59.0

17.05
15.42

$17.48
15.41
13.34

1
1

19.82
16.78

T otal..

3

34

54.6

60.2

15.90

17.67

Rhode Island............. T im e..
Other States............... Time..

7
1

81
12

54.2
54.0

58.9
54.8

16.27
17.51

17.72
17.82

All States.................... Piece..
T im e..

2
21

10
286

54.5
55.3

63.1
58.1

17.05
15.26

19.82
16.14

3

3

Total..

21

296

55.2

58.2

15.32

16.26

3

3




1
2
1

3
26
42

2
9
2

25
46
6

1

2

3

7

1

10
13

2

2

1
11
13

1
9
19

4
27
11

1

1
7

3

1

1

1
2
1

2

1

1

3

7

23

2

13
2

16
7

48
3

7

89

43

10
141

3

1

2

1

2

3

5

26

7

89

43

151

3

1

2

1

2

3

5

26

1

1

1

1

12
13
1

4
12

2
1

2
4

4
7

1

8

3

3

6

11

2
1

1
1

6
4

9

12
2

25

20
4

3

4

14
1

1
39 **59"

2
49

2
45

4
47

1
4

40

51

47

51

5

59

LABOR------------------------------------------------------------------------

Connecticut................ T im e..
Massachusetts............ Time..
New Jersey................. Time..

O
F

CALENDER TENDERS: M ale.

HOURS

Employees working each
Aver­
classified per cent of full
Employees earning each classified amount during one week.
age
time during one week.
hours Aver­ Aver­
age
work­ age
ed
full­ amount
per time earned
em­ week­ per em­
25 50 75
$3 $4 $0 $6 $7 $8 $9 $10 $11 $12 $14 $16 $18 $20
ploy­
ployee Un­ and and and
Un­ and and and and and and and and and and and and and and $25
ly
ee
earn­ during der un­ un­ un­ 100. Over der un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ and
100.
dur­ ings.
one
der
$3. der der der der der der der der der der der der der der over.
week. 25. der der 100.
ing
$4. $5.
50. 75.
$7.
one
week.

AN
D

State.

Aver­
age
full­
Num­
Piece ber Num­ time
ber
workers of
of hours
or time estab­ em­ per
work­ lish­ ploy­ week
ers. ments ees.
of
estab­
lish­
ments.

WAGES

ONE-WEEK PAY ROLLS— Continued.

140

T a b l e H .—AVERAGE FULL-TIM E HOURS, HOURS ACTUALLY W O RKED, FULL-TIM E W E E K L Y EARNINGS AND AMOUNTS

FOLDERS: M
ale.
Piece..
Time..
Total..
New Y ork...,

'Jotal..
Tim e..

Other States..

100

50.9 828.59
54.6 16.73

10
12

$26.60
16.65

54.0

52.9

54.0
55.0

53.4
54.1

23.95
22.97

43

54.9

54.0

23.10

54.0

52.2

26.30

25.43

54.0
56.2

54.1
57.5

27.11
17.23

18

4
14

18
1
15

*ii‘
14

55.7

56.7

19.63

20.06

16

60
246

54.0
54.4

51.6
53.6

27.91
22.63

26.37
22.15

14
59

306

53.3

23.66

22.97

62
10

101

118

22
10

73

22

29

KNOTTERS: Female.
54.0
54.0

45.5 $11.16
50.5 11.17

$9.39
10.47

Total..

Rhode Island.

54.0

49.9

11.17

10.34

Piece..
Time..

54.0
54.0

52.4
51.6

14.36
9.38

54.0

10.26

54.0
53.1

43.5
49.0

13.97
11.42

11.65
10.50

53.2

48.8

11.51

10.54

~55.(T 46.7

11.03

35

9.39

Total..

84

Other States..

T ime..

All States......

Piece..
Time..

23
243

54.0
53.9

47.9
49.6

12.78
10.92

266

53.9

49.5

11.08

10.18

22
23

15

18

15
39

37




22

15

29

*22’

15

22

13

10

11.47
10.06

T o ta l-

10

25

9.85

Piece..
Time..

53

13.96
8.97

Total..

New Y ork ....

3
22

35

3
33
130

22

57

35

36

14
69

4
25

7
14

16

83

39
97

GENERAL, TABLES,

37

Piece..
T im e..

Piece..
Time..

19

43

1

27.23
17.76

1
18

18
65

T otal-

Massachusetts

32

14

3
14

Total..
All States......

10

22.58

126

Piece..
T ime..

21.13

32

4

10

27

23.35
22.45

Piece..
T ime..

Rhode Island

54.0
54.0

ACTUALLY EARNED, AND NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES WORKING EAC HCLASSIFIED PER CENT OF FULL TIME AND EARN­
ING EACH CLASSIFIED AMOUNT DURING ONE PAY-ROLL PERIOD, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS, BY
STATES, 1918—Continued.
FINISHIN G —Continued.

Connecticut..
Massachusetts

Time­
piece..
T im e..

2

760

3
30
6 3,016

57.9
54.0
55.8

60.8 $16.76
52.4
59.6

17.25
15.66

$17.63

11

20

19

120

103

16
323

1
8
5
496 1,992 45

12

16

20

26

501 2,000 46

12

16

20

26

487

9

51

61

51

61

94

339

3
85

116

8

7

4

8

7




6 3,046

55.8

59.5

15.68

16.83

Piece..
T im e..

2
2

4
361

55.8
56.7

54.8
53.0

14.40
15.32

14.15
14.65

7

17

23

1
113

Total..
New York....

3

17.04
16.83

Total..
New Jersey...

3

1
93

2

365

56.7

53.0

15.31

14.64

7

17

23

114

88

116

Piece.
T im e.

3
3

44
988

54.6
55.6

51.2
59.3

17.29
16.67

16.08
17.77

17

27

3
38

16 1 18
117 | 215

7
574

15

Total..

3 1,032

55.6

59.0

16.70

17.70

17

27

41

133 | 233

581

15

7

7

7

4

6

44

135

189 147

133

55

39

44

1
68

1
71

1
2
72 339

9
627

4
3
642 312

5
433

3
250

39

44

69

72

73 341

636

646 315

438

253

2
79

25

25

46

20

25

2

9

5

4

11

15

13

26

28

2
45

4

5

4

11

15

13

26

28

47

81

25

46

20

4

8

1
5

8

7

1
8

2
15

1
12

9
3
32 140

6
129

8
5
158 153

6
176

2
118

4

8

6

8

7

9

17

13

35 149

135

166 158

182

120

LABOR-----------------------------------------------------------------------

OTHER EMPLOYEES: Male.

O
F

Employees working each
classified per cent of full
Employees earning each classified amount during one week.
time during one week.
Aver­
age
amount
earned
per em­
25 50 75
$10 $11 $12 $14 $16 $18 $20
$3 $4 $5 $6 $7 $8
ployee
and
Un­
and
$25
during Un­ un­ and and 100. Over der and un­ and and and and and and and and and and and and and
un­ un­
un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­
un­
der
one
100. $3. der der der der der der der der der der der der der der over.
25. der der der
week.
50. 75. 100.
$4. $5. $6, $7. $8. $9. $10. $11, $12. $14, $16. $18. $20. $25.

HOURS

Aver­
age
hours
work­ Aver­
age
ed
full­
per time
em­
ploy­ week­
ly
ee
dur­ earn­
ings.
ing
one
week.

AN
D

State.

Aver­
age
full­
Piece Num­ Num­ time
ber ber hours
workers of
of
or time estab­ em­ per
work­ lish­ ploy­ week
ers. ments. ees.
of
estab­
lish­
ments.

WAGES

ONE-WEEK PAY BOLLS— Concluded.

142

T able H .— AVERAGE FULL-TIME HOURS, HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED, FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS AND AMOUNTS

Rhode Island.............. Piece..
Tim e..
Total..

4
18
7 2,259

54.1
5512

54.1
5a. 4

21.23
18.19

20.67
19.34

1
24

1
3
48 '86 ‘ 305

1
12
614 1,182 16

12

11

1
16

9

21

24

1
36

44

63 207

323

3
3
326 231

6
486

4
434

615 1,194 16

12

11

1

3

17

9

21

24

37

44

63 207

323

329 234

492

438

2

2

1

4

36

53

117 118

82

48

56

4 13
4
17
1
2
17
15 11
81 102 136 167 213 811 1,346 1,457 986 1,356

9
925

81 103 140 169 217 824 1,363 1,472 997 1,373

934

7 2,277

55.2

58.3

18.21

19.35

25

49

86

308

2

486

54.6

54.0

18.47

18.32

2

9

20

40

All States.................... Piece..
T im e..

12
96
22 7,870

54.4
55.8

52.3
58.7

17.90
16.77

17.16
1
4
36
1
27
1
27
17.74 112 182 279 1,018 1,853 4,426 95

39

45

2
55

T otal..

22 |7,966

55.8

58.6

16.79

17.73 113 183 283 1,054 1
1,880 4,453 96

39

45

57

56

1

Other States............... Tim e..

340

75

2

8

9

OTHER EMPLOYEES: Female.
Connecticut................ T im o,,

2

144

54.7

50.6 $11.96

Massachusetts............ Piece..
T im e..

3
5

213
614

53.7
53.7

49.2
50.5

1

5

7

50

81

1

1

4

1

1

6

12

31

36

7

1

14.41
11.13

2
4

4
8

11
28

134
235

62
339

1
4

1
1

2
4

1
3
7 l i ’ 23

4
53

3
62

10 17 58
83 118 142

42
41

48
15

18
19

5
1

6

12

39

369

401

5

2

6

8

41

26

57

65

93 135 200

83

63

37

6

3

2
10

3
29

37

1

1

5

1

2
7

1
15

2
8

31

3

12

32

37

1

1

5

5

1

9

16

10

31

7

1

2
7

12
8

61
25

140
141

1
1

2
1

6
2

6
2

4
2

10
3

16
4

22
11

22
20

22
85

16
37

40
7

33
6

10
1

5

2
1

2

3

8

8

6

13

20

33

42 107

53

47

39

11

5

3

5
27

3
52

5
46

2
79

13
88

10
76

13
46

5
7

12
2

32

55

51

81 101

2

2

6

5

827

53.7

50.1

12.80

11.97

1
2

5
81

55.0
55.7

42.3
49.1

10.89
10.17

8.28
8.93

T otal..

2

86

55.7

48.7

10.22

8.89

New York................... Piece..
T im e..

2
3

216
182

54.0
54.0

50.9
51.3

11.68
10. 79

11.05
10.23

T otal..

3

398

54.0

51.0

11.27

10.67

9

20

86

281

Rhode Island.............. P iece..
T im e..

4
7

74
455

54.0
54.0

47.9
50.4

16.54
13. 42

14.84
12.53

r

2
6

11
28

29
237

32
161

22 > 1

2

1

1
4
5 "5* 12

Total..

7

529

51.0

50.0

13.86

12.85

i

22

2

1

6

Other States............... Tim e..

1

107

54.0

49.4

18.08

16.32

All States.................... Piece..
Tim e..

10
508
20 1,583

53.9
54.0

49.7
50.4

14.07
12.51

12.98
11.66

Total..

20 2,091

54.0

50.2

12.89

11.98

1

....

5

8

39

266

193

3

4

42

2
7

8
32

36
85

227
618

234
817

1
24

3
8

7
6

8
16

6
20

9

40 121

845 1,051

25

11

13

24

26

1

1
6

86

59

12

14

7

15

15

23

23

14

1

10
51

25 32 30 37 35 111
47 114 156 282 289 289

85
145

71
86

28
49

19
18

1
7

61

72 146 186 319 324 400

230

157

77

37

3

58

1

7

5

16

6

143




1

TABLES.

T otal..
New Jersey................. P iece..
T im e..

42

GENERAL

$11.08

15.71
11.80

1
3

1
70

108.0 95.2 $34.78 $30.62
29.32
111.6 109.4 29.34

Total..

3

71

111.5 109.2 29.42

2
5

29.34

5

1
17

18

28

2

2

2

2

1

6

21

1
25

2

18

18

28

2

2

2

2

1

9

6

21

26 |

9

4

5
4

3
1
3

2
3
1

4

9

1
3 ” 3’
i ! 2
5
5

11
16
11

12
21
9

31
10
2

271
1
1

35

3
'
1 j....

1

7

6 I 38

42

43

273

36 | 3 |

1

----

LABORERS, DYEHOUSE: Male.

New Hampshire............ T im e..
North Carolina.............. Time..
Other States.................. Time..

2
4
2

377
71
31

109.9 108.8 $33.42 $33.18
120.0 98.4 21.16
17.77
20.10
120.0 110.5 21.90

6
5

7
8
1

19
8
7

49
25
3

167
2
7

129
23
13

5

Total..

8

479

112.1 107.3 30.86

30.05

11

16

34

77

176

165

5




2

2

LABOR---------------------------------------------------------------------

All States....................... Piece..
Time..

O
F

LABORERS, BLEACH HOUSE: Male.

HOURS

Employees working each
Aver­
classified per cent of full
Employees earning each classified amount during tw o weeks.
age
time during tw o weeks.
hours Aver­ Aver­
work­ age
age
ed full­ amount
per time earned
em­ bi- per em­
25 50
$4 $5 $6 $8 $10 $12 $14 $16 $20 $25 $30 $40 $50
ploy­ week­ ployee Un­ and and 75
and
Over Un­ and and and and and and and and and and and and and and $70
ee
ly during
un­ un­
un­
un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ and
dur­ earn­ two der der der un­ 100. 100. der der
25.
$4.
der der der der der der der der der der der der over
der
ing ings. weeks.
$o.
50. 75. 100.
$8. $10. $12. $14. $16. $20. $25, $30. $40. $50. $60, $70.
two
weeks

AN
D

State.

Aver­
age
Piece Num­ Num­ full­
time
work­ ber
ber hours
ers
of
of
or
em­ per
time estab­ ploy­ week
lish­
of
work­ ments ees.
estab­
ers.
lish­
ments.

WAGES

TWO-WEEK PAY ROLLS.

144

AVERAGE FULL-TIME HOURS, HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED, FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS AND AMOUNTS
ACTUALLY EARNED, AND NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES WORKING EACH CLASSIFIED PER CENT OF FULL TIME AND EARN­
ING EACH CLASSIFIED AMOUNT DURING ONE PAY-ROLL PERIOD, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS BY
STATES, 1918—Continued.
FINISHING— Continued.

T a b le H .—

LABORERS, CO R MIXING: M
LO
ale.
124704°— 19— Bull. 262-

All States...................... Time..

2

15

119.6 111.8 $37.02 $35.21

1

2

1

3

3

5

1

2

7

7

2

7

4

3

ENGRAVERS: M ale.

All States...................... Time..

1

12

102.5 103.2 $60.01 $60.39

4

6

2

1

PRINTERS: Male.

All States....................... T im e..

1

9

110.0

81.8 $69.96 $52.01

2

1

7

2

1

A ll States...................... Time..

3

15

111.2 114.1 $33.53 $34.44

1

2

X

12
1

13

GENERAL

CALENDER TENDERS: Malle.

1

FOLDERS: Male.

1
2

10
32

108.0 101.8 $43.16 $40.62
108.0 109.4 39.47
39.87

1

8
5

2
19

7

7

5
9

5
11

4

1

T otal..

2

42

108.0 107.6 40.35

40.05

1

13

21

7

7

14

16

4

1

Other States.................. T im e..

1

12

109.5 106.5 40.32

39.25

6

6

6

6

All States....................... P iece..
Time..

1
3

10
44

108.0 101.8 43.16
108.4 108.6 39.70

40.62
39.70

7

5
15

5
17

4

1

T otal..

3

54

7

20

22

4

TABLES.

N ew Hampshire............ Piece..
T im e..

1

108.3 107.3 40.34

39.87

1
1

8
11
19

2
25
27

7

1

7

KNOTTERS: Female.

2
3

13
13

108.0 96.9 $27.38 $24.20
21.16
108.0 103.9 21.96

1

T otal..

3

26

108.0 100.4 24.67

1




22.68

11
8

1
5

19

6*

1
|

6

9
6

4
1

6

15

5

145

A ll States....................... P iece..
T im e..

ACTUALLY EARNED, AND NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES WORKING EACH CLASSIFIED PER CENT OF FULL TIME AND EARN­
ING EACH CLASSIFIED AMOUNT DURING ONE PAY-ROLL PERIOD, FOR PIECE WORKERS AND TIME WORKERS, B Y
STATES, 1918—Concluded.
FINISHING—Concluded.

1
2

4
248

108.0 87.0 $40.58 $32.23
110.8 110.8 37.27
37.77

4

6

1
22

2
22

1
60

134

2

1

2

1

2

6

3

11

1
14 '38

3
57

59

37

11

4

T otal..

2

252

110.8 110.4 37.32

37.68

4

6

23

24

61

134

2

1

2

1

2

6

3

11

15

38

60

59

37

11

4

. . Piece..
Time..

1
1

4
270

120.0 115.5 35.43
122.2 104.6 32.06

34.08
28.23

i
27 | 22

21

3
59

1
51

90

15

4

2

8

6

7

6

9

13

39

1
39

3
72

28

12

9

1

Total..

1

274

122.2 104.7 32.11

28.31

27 | 22

21

62

52

90

15

4

2

8

6

7

6

9

13

39

40

75

28

12

9

1

Piece..
Time..

2
3

8
518

114.0 101.3 38.01
116.7 107.6 34.56

33.16
32.80

31

28

1
43

5
81

2
111

224

17

1
53

1
77

6
129

87

49

20

5

T otal..

3

526

116.7 107.5 34.61

32.80

31

28

44

86

113

224

17

78

135

87

49

20

5

Other States..

All States. .




.

1
4

10

7

9

12

12

24

3
1 4

3

10

7

9

12

12

24 1 54

LABOR--------------------------------------------------------------------

New Hampshire............ Piece..
Time..

O
F

OTHER EMPLOYEES: M ale.

HOURS

State.

AN
D

Employees working each
Aver­
classified per cent of full
Employees earning each classified amount during tw o weeks.
age
time during tw o weeks.
hours Aver­ Aver­
work­ age
age
ed
full­
ber hours per time amount
workers ber
earned
of
or
of
per
em­ bi- per em­
25 50 75
$4 $5 $6 $8 $10 $12 $14 $16 $20 $25 $30 $40 $50 $60
time estab­ em­ tw o
week­ ployee
Un­ and and and and and and and and and and and and and and $70
work­ lish­ ploy­ weeks ploy­
U n­ and and and
ee
during der un­ un­ un­ 100. Over der un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ un­ and
ly
ers. ments ees.
of
two
100. $4. der der der der der der der der der der der der der der over
estab­ dur­ earn­ weeks. 25. der der der
ing
$20
$12 $14
50. 75. 100.
lish­ two ings.
ments. weeks
Aver­
age
full-

WAGES

TWO-WEEK PAY ROLLS— Concluded.

146

T able H .— AVERAGE FULL-TIME HOURS, HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED, FULL-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS AND AMOUNTS

OTH EM
ER
PLOYEES: Fem
ale.
1

All States...................... Piece..
Time..

1
3

1
126

108.0
107.2

68.4 $24.20 $15.13
16.01
87.4 19.46

4

14

1
15

53

40

3

3

4

T otal..

3

127

107.2

87.2 19.50

4

14

16

53

40

3

3

4

1

8

12

1
20

41

18

9

8

12

21

41

18

9

G ENER AL

ADDITIONAL COPIES
OF THIS P U B L IC A T IO N M A Y B E PR O C U R E D F RO M
T HE S U P E R IN T E N D E N T OF DO C U M EN TS
G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G OFFICE

TABLES.




16.00

!
3 I 5
3
5

W A S H IN G T O N , D . C.
AT

10 CENTS PE R COPY

-or


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102