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Wage Chronology BETHLEHEM ATLANTIC SHIPYARDS 1941-65 llllltil N . 101 O UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR W . Willard W irtz, Secretary BUREAU OF LABOR STA TISTIC S Ewan Clague, Commissioner Wage Chronology BETHLEHEM ATLANTIC SHIPYARDS 1941-65 Bulletin No. 1454 July 1965 UNITED STA TES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR W . Willard W irtz, Secretary BUREA U O F LABO R S TA TIS TIC S Ewan Cloaue, Commissioner For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 25 cents Preface This bulletin is one of a series that traces the changes in wage scales and related benefits, contained in collective bargaining agreements, made by individual em ployers or combinations of employers with a union or group of unions. Benefits unilaterally provided by an em ployer are generally reported. The chronology series is intended primarily as a tool for research, analysis, and wage administration. The series deals only with selected features of the varied history of collective bargaining or wage determination. References to job security, grievance procedure, methodology of piece-rate adjustment, and sim ilar matters are omitted. This chronology summarizes the changes in wage rates and related wage practices in the Atlantic Coast ship building division of the Bethlehem Steel Company that have been negotiated with the Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers of America from 1941 to 1965. This report includes materials previously published in five parts— as Wage Chronology No. 18, covering the period 1941— 51; Supplement No. 1, 1952— 53; Supplement No. 2, 1954 — ; Supplement No. 3, 1956— 55 62; and Supplement No. 4, 1963-65. The basic chronology and first three supplements were published in 1962 in a consolidated report and cov ered the years 1941— 62. The present edition incorporates Supplement No. 4. No additional or revised information is provided. The wage chronology program is directed by Lily Mary David, Chief of the Division of Wage Economics, under the general direction of L. R. Linsenmayer, Assist ant Commissioner for Wages and Industrial Relations. This chronology was prepared under the supervision of Albert A. Belman. The analysis for the period 1963— was prepared 65 by Willmon Fridie. iii Contents Page Introduction______________________________________________________________________ 1941-51________________________________________________________________________ 1 1 1954-55________________________________________________________________________ 3 1963-6 5 ~ _____ I_____________________ _________________________________________ 4 Tables: A— General wage changes. B— Basic wage rates by grade and class at Bethlehem East Coast Shipyards in Boston, New York City, and Baltimore, 1941— 65_____________________________________ C— Related wage practices___________________________________ Shift premium pay__________________________ Overtime pay_______________________________ Premium pay for weekend w ork___________ Holiday pay_________________________________ Travel pay., Premium pay for dirty work__________________________________________ Pay for trial trips_____________________________________________________ Death and sickness benefits_________ _________________________________ Pension plan___________________________________________________________ iv 5 8 9 9 9 9 10 10 11 12 12 13 13 13 14 18 Wage Chronology: Bethlehem Atlantic Shipyards, 1941— 65 Introduction 1941—511 Conference established a Nation-wide wage rate6 for standard first-class mechanics and provided uniform coastwide provisions regulating certain other working practices. The conferences were attended, and the resulting zone standards were agreed to, by representatives of Federal procure ment agencies, labor, and management. L a r g e s t s i n g l e - c o m p a n y o p e r a t i o n and a major segment of the E ast Coast shipbuilding and shiprepair industry are the combined facilities of the Bethlehem Steel Co. E igh t of the 11 yards of the company and its affiliate are located on the Atlantic Coast.l Two of the Eastern Seaboard 2 yards are located in the Boston harbor area (Quincy and B oston3) ; four are situated in the New York harbor area (Brooklyn-27th Street, Brooklyn-56th Street, Hoboken, and Staten I s land), while the Baltimore and Sparrows Point yards are in the vicinity of Baltimore.4 This chronology traces the major changes in wage rates and related wage practices put into effect by Beth lehem at these yards starting June 23, 1941, the effective date of the Atlantic Coast Zone Ship building Stabilization Agreement. Separate Zone Standards were established for the Atlantic, G ulf, and Pacific Coasts, and for the Great Lakes area. The Atlantic Coast Zone Stand ards became effective Ju n e 23, 1941. Later, in Ju ly 1942, the basic wage rate was increased, ef fective June 29, 1942, and certain working prac tices were revised at a Chicago National Ship building Conference. The Zone Standards were further amended in 1945. Provisions of the Zone Standards and the initial master agreement do not necessarily indicate changes in prior conditions of work since some of the company’s working prac tices were continued. Production employees at these eight yards (ex cept for patternmakers at six of the yards) are represented by the Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers of America (C IO ). Organizational activities started in the middle 1930’s and culminated in certification by the N a tional Labor Relations Board of the union as col lective-bargaining agent at the Boston yard in 1937, at the Brooklyn and Hoboken yards in 1939, and at the Fairfield,5 Baltimore, Sparrows Point, and Staten Island yards in 1941. I t was not until 1945 that the union won an election entitling it to act as collective-bargaining agent for Quincy pro duction employees. On September 18, 1942, the first master agreement was signed by the parties. A large proportion of the workers in Bethle hem’s 8 Atlairtic Coast yards were paid under piecework or group incentive plans. The changes reported in this chronology relate to these em ployees as well as those paid on a straight hourly basis. Special provisions concerning the applica tion of the general wage changes to incentive l For purpose and scope of the wage chronology series, see M onthly Labor Review, December 1948. 2 The Bethlehem Steel Company (Shipbuilding D ivision) oper ates all of the Bethlehem A tlantic coast yards except the Spar rows Point yard, which is operated by the Bethlehem-Sparrows Point Shipyard, Inc. 3 The Quincy yard is also known as the Fore River yard. 4 The Baltim ore yard is also known as the Key H ighway yard. 5 Not now in operation. 6The rate established was $1.12 an hour on the A tlantic and Pacific Coasts and on the Great Lakes. M echanics in Gulf Coast yards were paid $1.07; but in 1942, when rates were changed to $1.20, the Gulf rates were also increased to that level. Rates below the first-class rate were not established by the conference. Provision, however, was made in 1941 to increase the lower rates in the same proportion as first-class rates and in 1942 to increase the lower rates by the same amount as the first-class rates. Wages and related conditions o f employment in the industry on a Nation-wide basis were stabil ized before our active participation in W orld War I I — long before this action was taken in other in dustries. In 1941, Zone Stabilization Conferences were convened by the Shipbuilding Stabilization Committee o f the War Production Board; the 1 2 workers 'are omitted as are provisions of the con tracts dealing with other procedural aspects of the day-to-day administration of the bonus plans. The company’s employment on the Atlantic Coast as in other shipyards, and hence the coverage of the master agreement, has fluctuated widely during the period covered by this report. W ar time employment of production workers reached a peak of 139,000; in 1950, an average of 15,000 production workers were employed at the yards. The existing agreement was originally effective on November 10,1947, and was to continue in effect until June 23, 1949. B y agreement of Ju ly 23, 1948, the agreement was extended to June 23,1950, with provision for wage and insurance reopening in June 1949. On Jan u ary 31, 1950, this reopen ing resulted in amending the company’s pension plan, agreement on insurance benefits, and exten sion of the agreement to December 31,1951. Pro vision was made in this extension for a wage re opening in December 1950 and for continuation of the insurance and pension plans to October 31, 1954, if the company does not change the pension plan prior to that date. 1952-53 n d e r a n o p t i o n provided in the contract be tween the Bethlehem Steel Co. (Shipbuilding Division) and the Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers of America (IUMSW -CIO) the agreement due to expire December 31, 1951, was extended to March 1, 1952. The negotiators met first on December 18, 1951; no further discus sions followed until February 19, 1952. In the meantime, the union had authorized a strike if no agreement was reached by March 1. U On February 26 the union agreed to postpone strike action until March 30 to allow for continua tion of bargaining. Again, on March 28, action was postponed until April 29, and a third post ponement, until June 13, was agreed to on April 25. Finally, on June 11, the union announced an indefinite postponement, with the reservation that it Would give only 7 days’ notice of a strike. Such a strike notice was served on August 18, to be effective any time after midnight of August 25. Meanwhile the Federal Mediation and Concilia tion Service sought to bring about a settlement. Although no strike was officially authorized, there were work stoppages at some yards on August 25 and 26. Agreement by company and union negotiators was reached as of August 27. The new contract, subject to ratification by the union membership and to review by the Wage Stabilization Board, provided for wage increases retroactive to April 14, 1952, and for additional holiday, vacation, and other benefits effective August 27, 1952. The company and the union presented a joint petition to the W SB. Before action was taken on the parties’ petition, the Board was re-formed as the Wage Stabilization Committee. The Com mittee began consideration of the petition on December 18, but on December 24 deferred action, at the request of both parties, to allow for further study of the case as rare and unusual on the basis of manpower shortage. Again at the request of the company and the union, deliberations were resumed on January 19, 1953. On January 22 the Committee released its opinion, granting approval of all items of the proposed agreement except the establishment of a consolidated wage schedule. Action on this was deferred pending the filing of further data by the parties. However, the Executive Order of Febru ary 6, 1953, which ended controls on wages, auto matically validated contract clauses then awaiting the Committee’s approval, and the schedule was placed in effect. The new contract, currently covering about 20,000 production and maintenance workers, will be effective through June 23, 1954. Provision was made for a reopening, on general and uniform wage-rate changes, in April 1953. Negotiations were begun on M ay 21, 1953, and continued until June 26, when agreement on an across-the-board increase was announced. The increase, effective June 24, 1953, was the only contract provision discussed during the reopening proceedings. A second reopening, after April 23,1954, may include negotiations on wages, pensions, and insurance. Stipulation is made, however, that any new agree ment regarding pensions and insurance shall not become effective before November 1, 1954. 3 1954-55 negotiations for a new agreement between the Bethlehem Steel Co. (Shipbuilding Division) and the Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers of America culminated in a settlement on September 18, 1954. Formal negotiations began June 3. When agreement was not reached by June 23, the expiration date of the existing contract, the union agreed not to strike prior to Ju ly 23 and work continued on a day-today basis thereafter. E xtended The contract provided for a 3-cent-an-hour general wage increase effective September 20, 1954. The parties also agreed to an additional 2-cent wage increase and liberalization of pension and insurance plans effective November 1, 1954. The agreement was made effective from September 20, 1954, through Ju ly 31, 1956, with provision for a reopening on general and uniform wage-rate changes in June 1955. The insurance agreement runs to October 31, 1956, and the pension agree ment to October 31, 1957. Under the wage reopening provision, agreement was reached on Ju ly 23, 1955, for an hourly in crease ranging from 11.5 to 19 cents; the rate for standard first-class mechanics was increased by 15 cents. 1956-62 N e g o t i a t i o n s between the Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers of America and the Bethlehem Steel Co. Shipbuilding Division for a new agreement began on July 13, 1956, after the unions notification of its intent to reopen the existing contract, which was to expire on Ju ly 31. When agreement on new terms seemed unlikely by the expiration date of the contract, the union notified the company on Ju ly 16 that it would not strike prior to August 26. the period from August 1 through August 26, when the union's no-strike pledge had been in effect), additional increases averaging 8.5 cents an hour effective on August 1 of both 1957 and 1958, and two cost-of-living wage escalator reviews. Changes in supplementary benefits, effective at various dates throughout the contract period, included a seventh paid holiday and liberalized vacation, insurance, and pension benefits. The contract was to be in force from Novem ber 3, 1956, through July 31, 1959. Negotiations on union proposals for revisions in the existing agreement began on July 7, 1959. The company presented counterproposals the following day. With agreement unlikely by the expiration date, the union proposed a 30-day con tract extension. The company rejected this pro posal and, on August 1, the day the agreement expired, discontinued some union-security con tract provisions. On August 13, the company put into effect the terms and conditions of employ ment it had proposed as modifications of the previous contract. Although union members authorized a strike call, work continued and negotiations proceeded with the assistance of the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service follow ing the expiration of the contract. An authorized work stoppage at two of the company's yards began on January 22, 1960, and by the 28th of the month, the strike had spread to all eight Bethlehem E ast Coast shipyards. Among the issues were rates of pay, seniority, call-in pay, grievance machinery, and other con ditions of work.7 Hearings on union charges that the company had engaged in unfair labor practices began on February 8, 1960, before the National Labor Relations Board. Work continued on a day-to-day basis after this date, with the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service assisting in the negotiations, and agree ment on the terms of a 3-year contract was reached by the parties on November 3, 1956. In the interval between the initiation of the strike and the final agreement, the company's request for an injunction against mass picketing was rejected by the Massachusetts State courts, but a Federal district court, on April 11, enjoined the union from resuming mass picketing and re quired the company to bargain in good faith. The November settlement provided for wagerate increases averaging 16 cents an hour effective October 29, 1956 (with retroactive payment for 7 Discussion of bargaining regarding seniority, grievance machinery, work assignments, etc., is outside the scope of the chronology series; these have been mentioned here only because they were among the major issues in dispute. 4 After the Federal injunctions had been issued, negotiations continued, and tentative agreement was reached on June 20—21 weeks after the strike started. By June 23, following ratification of the contract by union members, work had resumed at all eight yards. On October 25, 1961, the National Labor Rela tions Board ruled that,x with one exception relating to grievance procedures, the company was not guilty of unfair labor practices and that there was insufficient evidence to show that the company failed to bargain in good faith. Early in Decem ber 1961, the union asked the Board to reconsider its decision, and on December 8, the NLRB Gen eral Counsel asked the Board for clarification of its ruling. At press time, the Board had not ruled on either motion. The new 3-year contract, effective through May 31, 1963, provided for a wage package of 25 cents an hour to be spread over the term of the agreement. The parties also agreed to incor porate the existing 17-cent cost-of-living allowance into basic rates and to discontinue the escalator clause. The employment and operating provi sions of the new agreement were similar to those in the previous contract. In addition, separate agreements provided for a number of improve ments in the pension plan, effective January 1, 1960, and liberalized insurance benefits as of June 23 of that year. A joint Human Relations Research Committee was established to plan and oversee studies and to recommend solutions of problems relating to wage incentives and such other overall problems as the parties by agreement might refer to the committee. 1963—65 1962, the Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers of America and the Beth I n J uly lehem Steel Co. (Shipbuilding Division) amended their pension plan to conform to the benefits pro vided by the company’s steelmaking divisions.8 The amendments liberalized early retirement eligi bility requirements for employees whose service was broken by disability, closure of a yard or de partment, or retirement by mutual agreement. Benefits were made available to employees who met these conditions and were at least 55 years old with a minimum of 15 years’ service, when the two totaled 75. Age and years of service for employees under 55 had to total 80. Negotiations to replace the 3-year basic contract expiring May 31, 1963, began on May 3 of that year. In lieu of specific wage demands, the union proposed that the parties consider methods of as suring employees a reasonable annual income. It also proposed revisions in clauses governing incen tive pay, overtime, shift premium pay, paid holi days, vacations, and pay for dirty work, and requested establishment of supplemental unem ployment benefits and severance pay plans. The company did not make an immediate counterpro posal, but agreed to study the union’s demands and on May 11, discussions were recessed until June 4 for this purpose. To avoid “deadline bargaining,” the parties agreed to extend the contract to August 1, with provision for an additional 30-day extension if agreement on a new contract had not been reached within that period. When settle ment was not reached by August 1, the union noti fied the company that it was terminating the con tract effective September 1. 8 In a letter to the union dated June 23, 1963, the company agreed that any changes in pension benefits at the company’s basic steel plants prior to June 1, 1963, by agreement w ith the United Steelworkers of America, would be made applicable sim ul taneously to employees in the A tlantic Coast Shipyards Division. The Steelw orkers’ pension benefits were changed effective July 1, 1962; for details of the settlem ent, see “Wage Chronology: United States Steel Corp., Supplem ent No. 9, 1960-64,” M o n t h l y L a b o r R e v i e w , February 1965, pp. 178-189. 5 Agreement on terms of a 3-year contract was reached on August 12. Wage increases and the cost of fringe benefit improvements were valued at 29 cents an hour by the union. Hourly rates of pay were increased by 6 cents, retroactive to August 1, with 5-cent increases effective August 1 of 1964 and 1965. Two additional paid holidays raised the total to 9. In addition, the agreement liberalized vacation eligibility provisions and in creased life insurance, weekly sickness and acci dent, arid hospitalization benefits. The issues of supplemental unemployment bene fits, severance pay, and subcontracting of work were referred to the shipyard’s joint Human Relations Research Committee for further study. The new contract covered about 15,000 em ployees at six yards9 and was to remain in effect through July 31, 1966, with no reopening pro visions. The following tables bring the Bethlehem Atlantic Shipyards chronology up to date through July 1966. 9 Although the company’s Staten Island yard in Staten Island, N.Y., w as closed on Oct. 31, 1960, the foundry and propeller plant continued operating. Other yards subsequently closed were the 27th Street yard in Brooklyn, N.Y., on Feb. 28, 1962; the 56th Street yard in Brook lyn, N.Y., on June 30, 1963; and the Quincy yard in Quincy, M ass., on Dec. 31,1963. A — General Wage Changes1 Effective date Provisions June 23, 1941 (by Atlantic Coast Zone Stabilization Agreement). Increases averaging approxi mately 10 cents an hour. June 23, 1942 (by Atlantic Coast Zone Stabilization Agreement). Mar. 3, 1943 (by Directive Order of National War Labor Board, July 6, 1943). June 23, 1943 (by Directive Order of National War Labor Board, Apr. 13, 1944). 8 cent an hour increase Dec. 4, 1945 (by agreement of Na tional Shipbuilding Conference, approved by National Wage Sta bilization Board, Feb. 27, 1946). Nov. 10, 1947 (by agreement of Nov. 10, 1947). Julv 24, 1948 (by agreement of July 23, 1948). Jan. 1, 1951 (bv agreement of Feb. 18, 1951). 18 cent an hour increase. Apr. 14, 1952 (by agreement of Aug. 27,1952). June 24, 1953 (by agreement of June 26,1953). See footnote at end of table. Increases averaging approxi mately 2 cents an hour. Applications, exceptions, and other related matters Agreement established rate of $1.12 an hour for standard first-class mechanics and provided for corresponding increases to employees in other grades and classes. 10 occupations increased to standard first-class rate of $1.20 an hour. Intermediate classifi cations increased accordingly. Result of zone-wide review by Shipbuilding Commission of the NWLB, which established approvable job rates in order to eliminate gross intraplant inequities and to adjust spe cific wage rates to the minimum of the going wage rate bracket. 12 cent an hour increase_____ 7 cent an hour increase______ 18% to 31 cent increase, aver aging 22% cents an hour. Approved by Wage Stabilization Board, June 7, 1951. Increases ranging from 12% Approved by Wage Stabilization to 24 cents, and averaging Committee Jan. 22, 1953. 18 cents an hour. 7 cents an hour increase-------- 6 A—General Wage Changes1— Continued Provision Effective date Sept. 20, 1954 (by agreement of same date). Nov. 1, 1954 (by agreement of Sept. 20, 1954). July 23, 1955 (by agree ment of same date). Oct. 29, 1956 (agreement dated Nov. 3, 1956). Aug. 1, 1957 (agreement dated Nov. 3, 1956). July 1958 (first pay period beginning in month). Aug. 1, 1958 (agreement dated Nov. 3, 1956). January 1959 (first pay period beginning in month). June 23, 1960 (agreement of same date). Aug. 1, 1960 (agreement dated June 23, 1960). Aug. 1, 1961 (agreement dated June 23, 1960). Aug. 1, 1962 (agreement dated June 23, 1960). 3 cents an hour increase___________ _ 2 cents an hour increase______ ____ 11.5 to 19 cents an hour increase______ 15-cent increase for first-class mechanics, applicable to a majority of the covered employees. Specialists7 rates were in creased by amounts up to 19 cents an hour. 9 to 22 cents an hour increase, averag- 18 cents an hour increase for first-class me chanics, applicable to a majority of the covered ing 16 cents. employees. Specialists7 rates were increased by amounts up to 22 cents an hour. Retroactive for the period Aug. 1 through Aug. 26, 1956. Deferred increases ranging from 7 to 10 cents an hour effective Aug. 1 of 1957 and 1958. New agreement provided for cost-of-living ad justments, effective July 1958 and Jan. 1959, of 1 cent an hour, added to straight-time hourly earnings, for each alternating 0.4- and 0.5-point change in the Bureau of Labor Sta tistics Consumer Price Index above a level of 116.2 (1947-49=100). No reduction in costof-living allowance unless decline in the index warranted wage decrease of at least 2 cents.2 7 to 10 cents an hour increase, averag Deferred increase. 9 cents an hour increase for first-class mechanics. ing 8.5 cents. Specialists7 rates increased by amounts up to 10 cents an hour. 16 cents an hour increase_____________ First semiannual adjustment of cost-of-living allowance. 7 to 10 cents an hour increase, averag Deferred increase. 9 cents an hour increase for first-class mechanics. ing 8.5 cents. Specialists7 rates increased by amounts up to 10 cents an hour. 1 cent an hour increase____ ________ __ Second semiannual adjustment of cost-of-living allowance. 4 cents an hour increase___ ______ __ _ Deferred increases of 5, 11, and 5 cents an hour effective Aug. 1 of 1960, 1961, and 1962, re spectively. Previous 17-cent cost-of-living allowance incor porated into basic hourly rates and escalator clause discontinued. 5 cents an hour increase______________ Deferred increase. 11 cents an hour increase_____________ Do. 5 cents an hour increase______________ Do. See footnotes at end of table, Applications, exceptions, and other related matters 7 A—General Wage Changes1—Continued Provision Effective date Aug. 1, 1963 (agreement of same date) 6 cents an hour increase. Aug. 1, 1964 (agreement dated Aug. 1, 1963).. 5 cents an hour increase. Aug. 1, 1965 (agreement dated Aug. 1, 1963).. 5 cents an hour increase. Applications, exceptions, and other related matters Deferred increases effective August 1 of 1964 and 1965. Additional inequity adjustments for certain occupations. Deferred increase. Deferred increase. 1 General wage changes are construed as upward or downward adjustments affecting an entire establishment, bargaining unit or plant at one time. Th ey do not include adjustments in individual rates (promotions, merit increases, etc.) and minor adjustments in wage structure (such as changes in individual job rates or incentive rates) that do not have an immediate or noticeable effect on the average wage level. The wage changes listed above were the major adjustments in the general wage level made during the period covered. Because of fluctuations in incentive earnings, changes in types of vessels constructed, the omission of nongeneral changes in rates and other factors, the sum of the general changes listed will not necessarily coincide with the amount of change in average hourly earnings over the same period. 2 The new agreement provided that cost-of-living adjustments be based on the Bureau of Labor Statistics Consumer Price Index for M a y and Novem ber 1958 to be effective in July 1958 and January 1959, respectively, as follows: Consumer Price Index (1947-49=100) Cost-of-living allowance 116.5 or less_____________________________ _____ None. 116.6 to 117.0-------- --------------------------------------1 cent an hour. 117.1 to 117.4----------------------------------------------- 2 cents an hour. 117.5 to 117.9----------- ------------------- ---------------- 3 cents an hour. 118.0 to 118.3----------------------------------------------- 4 cents an hour. and so forth, with 1-cent adjustments in straight-time hourly earnings for alternating 0.4- and 0.5-point changes in the index and with downward adjust ments occurring only when the index declines sufficiently to warrant a 2-cent decrease. 8 B--- Basic Wage Rates by Grade and Class a Bethlehem East Coast Shipyards in Boston, it New York City, and Baltimore, 1941— 651 Job c l a s s i f ic a t io n 2 E ffe c t iv e date and a r e a S ta n d a rd m e c h a n ic s 3 C la s s 11 C la s s 2 5 C la s s 3 4 3 2 June 23, 1941: B o s to n -------- __ - _ _ N e w Y o r k — — ---------- B a l t i m o r e 9 -----June 23, 1942: B o s t o n ________________ N e w Y o r k ----------------------------B a lt im o r e 9 ------------------------June 23, 1943: B o s ton______ _ _______ ______ _ N e w Y o r k ----------------------------B a l t i m o r e ---------D e c . 4, 1945: B o s to n — — _ N e w Y o r k ----------------------------B a l t i m o r e ----------- N o v . 10, 1947: B oston ------------— — _ N e w Y o r k ----------------------------B a l t i m o r e -----— — Ju ly 24, 1948: B o s to n — _____ N ew Y ork — ___ B a l t i m o r e ---------------------------Jan. 1, 1951: B o s to n — . _ — N e w Y o r k _____________________ B a l t i m o r e ---------------------------A ll a reas: A p r . 14, 1952--------------------June 24, 195 3 ...................... Sept. 20, 1954..................... N o v . 1, 1 9 5 4 - - Ju ly 23, 1955.................. O ct. 29, 195 6 ...................... A u g . 1, 1 957________________ A u g . 1, 1958 10------------------ 1 June 23, I 9 6 0 1 1_____________ A u g . 1, I 9 6 0 1 .................. 1A u g . 1, 1961 1 ______________ 1 A u g . 1, 1 96 2 1 1______________ A u g . 1, 1 9 6 3 " ______________ A u g . 1, 1 96 4 1 1______________ A u g . 1, 1 96 5 1 ......... 1 H an dym en L a b o re rs H e lp e r s F i r s t 90 d a ys 6 T h e r e a ft e r 7 F i r s t 60 days 6 T h e re a fte r 7 F i r s t 30 days 8 9 T h e r e a ft e r 7 $ 1. 12 1. 12 1. 12 $ 0. 93 1.01 1 .0 5 $ 0 .8 7 . 88 1.0 0 _ $ 0 .8 0 $ 0 .8 0 .8 4 .8 5 $ 0 ,7 2 5 .7 4 .7 2 5 $ 0 .7 5 .7 8 .7 5 _ $ 0 .7 5 .7 2 5 . 725 1. 20 1. 20 1. 20 1.01 1. 09 1. 13 .9 5 .9 6 1. 08 _ _ . 88 .8 8 .9 2 .9 3 .8 0 5 .8 2 .8 0 5 .8 3 .8 6 .8 3 _ _ . 83 . 805 . 805 1. 20 1. 20 1. 20 1. 12 1. 12 1. 14 1 .0 4 1. 04 1. 04 .9 2 .9 2 .9 3 .9 8 .9 8 .9 8 .8 4 .8 4 .8 0 5 .8 8 .8 8 .8 4 $ 0. 78 _ . 83 . 805 . 805 1.38 1. 38 1.3 8 1 .3 0 1 .3 0 1 .3 0 1. 22 1.22 1.22 1. 10 1. 10 1. 10 1. 16 1. 16 1. 16 1 .0 2 1 .0 2 .9 8 5 1.06 1. 06 1.02 .9 6 _ 1. 50 1. 50 1. 50 1.4 2 1.4 2 1.42 1. 34 1 .3 4 1 .3 4 1. 22 1.2 2 1. 22 1 .2 8 1.2 8 1.2 8 1. 14 1 .1 4 1. 105 1. 18 1. 18 1. 14 1.08 _ 1. 57 1. 57 1. 57 1.4 9 1.4 9 1 .49 1.41 1.41 1.41 1.2 9 1.2 9 1.2 9 1.3 5 1. 35 1. 35 1.21 1.21 1. 175 1.25 1. 25 1. 21 1. 15 1. 15 1. 20 1. 175 1. 175 1. 80 1. 80 1 .80 1.72 1.72 1.72 1 .64 1. 64 1. 64 1 .4 8 1.48 1.48 1 .5 6 1.56 1. 56 1.3 95 1 .395 1 .3 6 1.44 1.44 1. 395 1.31 1. 31 1.31 1. 385 1.36 1. 36 2. 00 2. 07 2. 10 2. 12 2. 27 2. 45 2. 54 2. 63 2 .8 4 2. 89 3. 00 3. 05 3. 11 3. 16 3. 21 1.91 1 .98 2. 01 2 .0 3 2. 17 2. 33 2 .4 2 2. 51 2 .7 2 2.7 7 2 .8 8 2. 93 2 .9 9 3 .0 4 3. 09 1.8 2 1 .89 1.63 1.7 0 1.73 1.75 1.87 1.98 2. 05 2. 12 2. 33 2. 38 2. 49 2. 54 2. 60 2 .6 5 2 .7 0 1 .7 2 1 .7 9 1.8 2 1 .8 4 1.97 2. 09 2. 17 2 .2 5 2 .4 6 2.51 2. 62 2 .6 7 2. 73 2 .7 8 2 .8 3 1. 535 1 .605 1.6 35 1.655 1.7 75 1 .865 1.9 35 2 .0 0 5 2 .2 1 5 2. 265 2 .3 7 5 2 .4 2 5 2 .4 8 5 2 .5 3 5 2 .5 8 5 1.59 1.66 1.69 1.71 1.83 1 .94 2. 01 2. 08 2. 29 2. 34 2.4 5 2. 50 2. 56 2. 61 2 .6 6 1.435 1.505 1.535 1. 555 1.67 1. 82 1. 89 1.96 2. 17 2. 22 2. 33 2. 38 2. 44 2 .4 9 2. 54 1.49 1. 56 1 .59 1.61 1. 73 _ 1.92 1 .9 4 2. 07 2. 21 2. 29 2. 37 2. 58 2 .6 3 2 .7 4 2. 79 2. 8.5 2 .9 0 2 .9 5 1941 4 - . 78 .9 6 1.08 . . 01 . 985 . 985 1. 13 1. 105 1. 105 - _ - - 1 8 sh ip y a r d s w e r e in o p e ra tio n d u rin g m o st o f the p e r io d f r o m to the se c o n d h a lf o f I960. The r a t e s show n h e re f o r those y e a r s w e r e p a id to w o r k e r s in 2 y a r d s in the B o s to n h a r b o r a r e a (d u r in g the p e r io d 1941 th rou gh 1945, 1 o f th ese— the Q u in cy y a r d — w a s not c o v e r e d b y the E a s t C o a s t M a s t e r A g r e e m e n t ); y a r d s in the N e w Y o r k h a r b o r a re a ; and 2 in the B a lt im o r e h a r b o r a r e a . On O ct. 31, I9 60 , the c om p a n y c lo s e d the Staten Is la n d y a r d in Staten Islan d , N . Y . (the fo u n d ry and p r o p e l le r plants con tin ued o p e r a tin g ); on F e b . 28, 1962, the 27th S tre et y a r d in B r o o k ly n , N . Y . , w a s c lo s e d ; on June ,30, 1963, the 56th S tre e t y a r d in B r o o k ly n , N . Y ., w a s c lo s e d ; and on D e c . the Q u in c y y a r d in Q uincy, M a s s ., w a s c lo s e d . E m p lo y e e s p a id u n d er e x is tin g g ro u p in c e n tiv e o r p ie c e w o rk p la n s g e n e r a lly e a r n m o r e than the b a s ic h o u rly ra t e . The b a s ic h o u rly r a t e , h o w e v e r, s e r v e s a s a g u a ra n te e d m in im u m to th e se w o r k e r s . 2 G e n e r a lly , the o c c u p a tio n a l s t ru c tu r e at th ese sh ip y a r d s i s c o m p r is e d o f 5 m a jo r g r a d e s , 4 o f w h ic h a r e p r e s e n te d h e r e . W ith in the sta n d a rd m e c h a n ic g ra d e a r e 3 c la s s e s w h ic h , in e ffe c t, a r e f o r d iffe r e n t d e g r e e s of s k ill. O ccup ation s that at th e ir h ig h e st le v e l r e q u ir e l e s s s k ill than m e c h a n ic s but m o r e than h andym en a r e p a id e ith e r c la s s 2 o r c la s s 3 r a t e s , w h ile s k ille d m e c h a n ics a r e p a id c la s s 1 r a t e s . In 2 o f the o th er g r a d e s , th e re a r e 2 s te p s , w ith the lo w e s t c la s s g e n e r a lly the s ta rtin g r a t e f r o m w h ic h s a t is fa c t o r y e m p lo y e e s p r o g r e s s to the oth er r a te a ft e r a s p e c ifie d p e rio d . The in fo rm a tio n in this ta b le d o es not in clu d e p r e m iu m r a t e s p a id to la b o r e r s e n g a g e d in s c a lin g o r w i r e b r u s h in g o r e m p lo y e e s w o r k in g on g ro u n d b lo w n g la s s o r oth er h a z a rd o u s types o f in s u la tio n , sa n d b la s t in g , e t c . ' H ig h e r r a t e s p a id to s p e c ia lis t s a r e not sh ow n in this t a b le . S p e c ia lis t s in c lu d e a n g le s m ith s (h e a v y f i r e ), b la c k s m ith s (h e a v y f i r e ), c o p p e rs m it h s , c o r e m a k e r s , c ra n e o p e r a t o r s (s p e c i a l), p o w e r e n g in e e r s , layou^ m en , lo ftsm e n , m o ld e r s , p a t te r n m a k e rs , r iv e t t e s t e r s , s h e e t -m e t a l sk e tc h e rs , sig n p a in te r s , tool and d ie m a k e r s , an d t o o ls m ith s, a s w e ll a s s p e c ia lis t s in a ll m e c h a n ic s ' t r a d e s . 3 The occup ation s in c lu d e d v a r y a m on g the y a r d s . T h e fo llo w in g oc c u p a tion s a r e c la s s e d in the sta n d a rd m e c h a n ic g ra d e at a ll o f the y a r d s : A n g le s m ith s (lig h t f i r e ) , b la c k s m it h s (lig h t f i r e ) , b o i le r m a k e r s , b u r n e r s , c a r p e n t e r s , c a u lk e r s (w o o d ), c h ip p e rs and c a u lk e r s , c o m p r e s s o r m en , dock h an ds, d r i l l e r s , e le c t r ic ia n s , jo in e r s , la u n ch o p e r a t o r s , layo ut m en , lo c o m o tiv e e n g in e e r s , m a c h in is ts , m a r k e r s (w e ld in g ), m a s o n s , ou tsid e m a c h in is ts , p a in t e r s , pipe c o v e r e r s , p ip e fitt e rs , p r e s s m e n and r o llm e n , r i g g e r s , r iv e t e r s , s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s , s h ip fit t e r s , to o l r e p a ir m e n , an d w e ld e r s . E r e c t o r s w e r e c la s s i f ie d in the s ta n d a rd m e c h a n ic g ra d e e x c ep t in N e w Y o r k y a r d s an d auto m e c h a n ic s in th is g ra d e e x c ep t at the Q u in cy y a r d . 4 In 1941 and 1942, the B o s to n y a r d s a ls o had a c la s s l b w ith a r a te o f in 1941 and $ 1 .1 0 in 1942. 5 In 1943, the B a lt im o r e y a r d s a ls o had a c la s s 2b w ith a r a t e o f $ 1 .0 9 . 6 P r i o r to 1945, c la s s 2. 7 P r i o r to 1951, c la s s 1. 8 P r i o r to 1952, th e re w a s a c la s s 2 g ra d e at B o sto n ; r a t e s w e r e the s a m e a s f o r c la s s 1 at N e w Y o r k and B a lt im o r e . A sin g le r a te f o r l a b o r e r s , r e g a r d le s s o f s e r v ic e , w a s e s t a b lis h e d on O c t. 29, 1956. 9 R a te s show n a r e fo r the B a lt im o r e (K e y H ig h w a y ) y a r d on ly. A t the S p a r r o w s P o in t and F a i r f i e ld y a r d s , the r a t e s f o r s ta n d a rd m e c h a n ic s r a n g e d f r o m $ 0 .9 0 to $ 1 .1 2 in 1941 and $ 0 .9 8 to in 10 R a te s do not in clud e the 1 6 -cen t c o s t - o f - li v i n g adju stm e n t then in e ffe c t. 1 R a te s in clu d e the 17-c e n t c o s t - o f - li v i n g a llo w a n c e , w h ic h w a s in c o r p o ra t e d into b a s ic h o u rly r a t e s on June 23, I960. 1 31, 1963, $1.02 $1.20 1942. 9 C—Related Wage Practices1 Applications, exceptions, and other related matters Provisions Effective date Shift Premium Pay June 23, 1941_______ 7 percent of established base rate for work on 2d or 3d shift. Dec. 15, 1943........... In accordance with Atlantic Coast Zone Stand ards. Applicable to piecework or incentive payments but not to overtime. Night premium in addition to overtime paid day shift employees who worked beyond regular shift on premium days or holidays. Overtime Pay June 23, 1941....... __ Sept. 18, 1942______ Time and one-half for work in excess of 8 hours a day or 40 hours a week. Dec. 15, 1943........... May 6, 1946............ In accordance with company practice and Atlan tic Coast Zone Standards. Premium rate also paid for work performed dur ing hours outside employee’s regular shift, provided employee is not transferred from one regular shift to another. Time and one-half for 8 hours paid employees transferred from 1 shift to another during regular workweek unless 48 hours’ notice is given. Premium rate paid for work during regularly scheduled lunch hour. Premium Pay for Weekend Work June 23, 1941______ July 19, 1942 2_____ Oct. 6, 1945________ Time and one-half for work on Saturday as such, double time on Sunday. Changed in new construction yards to: time and one-half for work on 6th consecutive day, double time on 7th consecutive day. Changed back to: time and one-half for work on Saturday as such, double time on Sun day. See footnotes on p. 21 In accordance with company practice and Atlan tic Coast Zone Standards. In accordance with 1942 Chicago amendments to Zone Standards. In accordance with amendments to 1942 Chicago agreement. 10 C—Related Wage Practices 1—Continued Effective date Applications, exceptions, and other related matters Provisions Holiday Pay June 23, 1941-------- Double time for work on specified holidays. No pay for holidays not worked. July 19, 1942 2______ Changed to: time and one-half for work on specified holidays. Oct. 6, 1945........... Changed back to: double time for work on specified holidays. No pay for holidays not worked. Aug. 27, 1952______ Six paid holidays established for which worker received 8 hours1 straight-time pay. Double time (total) for holidays worked. Nov. 3, 1956 (agree ment of same date). July 1, 1957 (agree ment dated Nov. 3, 1956). July 1, 1958 (agree ment dated Nov. 3, 1956). Aug. 1, 1963 (agreement of same date). Added: 7th paid holiday_________________ In accordance with company practice and At lantic Coast Zone Standards, which did not specify the holidays for which the premium would be paid. Holidays previously recog nized by company practice continued to be those for which premium was paid. The holi days differ from yard to yard. In accordance with 1942 Chicago amendments to Zone Standards. In accordance with amendments to 1942 Chi cago agreement. Holidays were: New Year's Day, Memorial Day, Fourth of July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas. Holiday pay allowed in addition to vacation pay if a holiday fell within a vacation. Holiday was Washington's Birthday. Increased to: Double time and one-tenth (total) for all work performed on 7 speci fied holidays. Increased to: Double time and one-fourth (total) for all work performed on 7 speci fied holidays. Added: 2 paid holidays (total 9)_________ Columbus Day and Veterans Day. Continued: Holidays falling on Sunday to be observed on Monday. To receive holiday pay, employee must have (1) worked 240 hours of more within any period of 90 days after the date of employ ment; (2) been entitled to minimum pay for any day in either the calendar week in which holiday was observed or the pre ceding week; and (3) worked all hours required or have been entitled to minimum pay on first scheduled workday both fol lowing and preceding the holiday, unless he failed to work for good cause. Travel Pay June 23, 1941______ Sept. 18, 1942______ Allowance to cover travel time and expenses paid employee required to travel between yard or home and an outside job before or after regular working hours. See footnotes on p. 21, In accordance with company practice. Provision generally applicable to company's repair yards. Travel pay to be at overtime rate if travel occurs during periods employee is entitled to premium rates. 1 1 C—Related Wage Practices1—Continued Applications, exceptions, and other related matters Provisions Effective date Paid Vacations June 23, 1941 1 week vacation after 3 years service, 2 weeks after 15 years. May 1, 1943 Changed to: 1 week vacation after 1 year of service, 2 weeks after 5 years. Jan. 1, 1948 Added: 3 weeks vacation after 25 years serv ice. Jan. 1, 1952........... Jan. 1, 1957 (agree ment dated Nov. 3, 1956). Changed to: 3 weeks* vacation after 15 years* service. Added: Minimum of 40 hours’ base rate vacation pay for each week of vacation after 1,000 hours’ work in preceding cal endar year. Jan. 1,1958 (agree ment dated Nov. 3, 1956). Added: Additional half week’s vacation pay (1 percent of earnings) for 3 but less than 5, 10 but less than 15, and 25 or more years’ service.3 Aug. 1, 1963 ( agreement of same date). Changed: Minimum work requirement in preceding calendar year reduced to 950 hours. See footnotes on p, 21 In accordance with company practice. Rate of pay to equal average of earnings and hours during 10 weeks immediately preceding vaca tion period with minimum allowance of 40 hours and maximum of 48 hours. In accordance with Directive Order of National War Labor Board dated Sept. 14, 1943, which provided the 1-week provision was to become effective in 1943 and the 2-week provision in 1944. Pay for each vacation week to equal 2 percent of earnings during 12 consecutive months pre ceding Jan. 1. Proportionate pay given em ployee laid off. Period for computing vacation pay increased by 1 month (through Dec. 1 of any year). No change in length of vacation period. In effect and continued: Eligible employee laid off or granted leave of absence after January 1 of any calendar year and before taking vacation to receive allowance equal to vacation pay computed as if vacation had begun on date of layoff or leave of absence. Amount of allowance to be de ducted from pay for any subsequent vaca tion taken in that year. For purposes of computing vacation pay, earnings to include (a) temporary total disability payments under workmen’s com pensation law and (b) sickness and acci dent insurance benefits, in addition to compensation for work performed. Added: Minimum of 20 hours’ base rate pay for each half week of vacation pay. 12 C—Related Wage Practices1—Continued Applications, exceptions, and other related matters Provisions Effective date Call-in Pay June 23, 1941______ Sept. 18, 1942______ Dec. 15, 1943 May 6, 1946 Aug. 27, 1952. Nov. 3, 1956 (agree ment of same date). Employee notified to report but not put to In accordance with company practice at some work guaranteed 2 hours pay at regular yards. rate. Added: employee put to work guaranteed 4 Not applicable if employee quits before the end hours pay at regular rate. of the 4-hour period or is laid off because of bad weather, machinery breakdowns or other causes beyond the control of the company. Added: 2-hour guarantee extended to employ ees reporting to work without contrary no tification by company and not put to work. Employee laid off because of weather, etc., guar anteed 2 hours pay. Employee entitled to call-in pay received holiday pay in addition if called on a holiday. Not applicable if employee did not (1) report Added: 4 hours’ pay guarantee extended to for work or (2) complete 4 hours’ work employees called in or reporting to work because of (a) a labor dispute, (b) utility without contrary notification by company. failure beyond the control of management, (c) an act of God (other than bad weather), or (d) personal reasons. Premium Pay for D irty Work June 23, 1941_______ Time and one-half the regular rate paid em ployees required to perform unusually dirty work. T )o a IK 1 Q4.2 Aug. 27, 1952_______ Aug. 1, 1963 (agreement of same date). See footnote on p. 21. In accordance with company practice at repair yards. Dirty work defined as work in un cleaned oil tanks and Diesel crank pits and similar work. Dirty work redefined as (1) working in oil in oil tanks, Diesel crank pits, tank tops under engine and boiler room floors, bilges, fore and aft wells, forepeak and afterpeak tanks, and double bottoms, (2) arranging chain in chain lockers when chain or locker has been coated with oil or similar substances, and (3) work in applying hot Bitumastic Enamel manually within con fined tanks where adequate ventilation is not provided. Dirty work definition expanded to include working in grease. Nine shipboard areas and one shop area added to the list of locations where premium pay applied. Added: Dirty work definition expanded to include work inside sanitary sewage dumps at Quincy yard. 13 C—Related Wage Practices1—Continued Effective date Applications, exceptions, and other related matters Provision Call-Back Pay June 23, 1941- Employee returning to work less than 6 hours In accordance with company practice. after quitting time to be paid time and onehalf for all hours worked until a 6-hour break occurs. May 6, 1946__ Period increased to 8 hours. Pay for Trial Trips Aug. 27, 1952- Standardized payment for trial trips of more than 24 hours, formerly in effect in Quincy Yard, extended to cover all yards. June 23, 1960 (agreement of same date). Pay for each day4 to be as follows: (1) on nonpremium days, flat payment of 12 times regular hourly rate of pay or straight time for 8 hours and double time thereafter; or (2) on Saturday, 12 times regular hourly rate of pay and double time for work in excess of 8 hours; or (3) on Sunday or a holiday, either (a) 16 times regular hourly rate of pay or (b) double time for hours worked, which ever was greater. Changed to: Pay for a holiday to be the greater of (a) 16 hours at regular hourly rate, or (b) 2 times regular hourly rate on holiday other than 1 of 7 specified "holidays, or (c) 2}i times regular hourly rate on 1 of 7 specified holidays. Jury-Duty Pay Nov. 3, 1956 Employee to receive difference between 8 hours’ average straight-time earnings and (agreement of payment for jury service for each day of same date). service on which he otherwise would have worked. June 23, 1960 Changed to: Employee to receive difference (agreement of between" 8 times regular hourly base rate of pay and payment for jury service for same date). each day of service on which he other wise would have worked. Added: Employee to receive holiday pay in addition to jury pay for each day of jury service on which he would have been entitled to holiday pay. See footnotes on p. 21. Employee to present proof of service and amount of pay received. 14 C C — Related Wage P r a c t i c e s 1 ontinued Effective date Provisions Applications, exceptions, and other related matters Death and Sickness Benefits June 23, 1941 Employees with 90 days continuous service In accordance with company practice. The plan, could participate in plan providing: which was inaugurated in 1926, became avail Life Insurance .— $500 to $1,500, depending on able to shipyard employees at time of inaugura hourly rate. tion or as the yards were acquired or estab Sickness benefits—$10 to $12 a week for 13 to lished by the company. Death benefits were 208 weeks, depending on length of service. limited to $200 if participant had subscribed Cost to employee ranged from $1 to $2 a to the plan less than 90 days prior to death. month, depending on earnings. Administra Not included in union agreement. tive costs borne by company. Feb. 1, 1950— New,plan established providing participating Effective date and provisions modified by pro employees with: vision of New York and New Jersey State dis Life Insurance — $1,750 to $4,500, depending ability laws for employees working in those on hourly rate. jurisdictions. Sickness benefits— $24 and $26 a week for 26 weeks. Sickness benefits start on 8th day; accident benefits on first day. Hospitalization —Blue Cross plan providing hospital care for 70 days and related bene fits. Available to employees’ dependents. Employee contributions range from $2.70 to $4.40 monthly for single employees and from $3.95 to $5.65 for married employees. Com pany pays 2% cents a man-hour toward ben efits, including administrative costs. Life insurance .— Revised schedule of group term in Sept. 1, 1951 (by agree surance based on higher wage scales— minimum insur ment of ance changed from $1,750 to $2,000; maximum remained 1951).6 $4,500. Sickness benefits.— Changed to $26 for 26 weeks for all employees. Surgical benefits.— Added: Blue Shield surgical benefits If point was reached where for employees and dependents, with a maximum benefit current contributions were insufficient to pay for the of $200. Minimum employee contribution changed from $2.70 to additional benefits, surgical $2.90 for single employees and from $3.95 to $4.15 for benefits were to be con married employees. All other contributions remained tinued for dependents of em ployees only if they elected the same. to pay an additional sum. Nov. 1, 1954 Life insurance .— Revised schedule of group term insur In case of layoff, life insurance (by agree ance based on higher wage scales had effect of increasing continued for 6 months (in ment dated each employee’s life insurance at least $1,000. Mini stead of 3 months) if em Sept. 20, mum insurance increased from $2,000 to $3,000; max ployee paid monthly pre 1954). mium of 60 cents per $1,000. imum from $4,500 to $5,500. Sickness benefits.—Increased by $14 a week, to $40. Added: Benefits to apply to occupational disability. Employees to receive difference between workmen’s compensation payments and the $40 weekly accident and sickness benefit. Hospitalization .— Blue Cross plan maximum increased by 50 days, to 120. Allowance for private room and board increased by $4 a day, to $10. Surgical benefits.— Increased for a number of surgical pro cedures; $200 maximum retained. Employee contributions increased to $6.25 to $7.75 monthly for single employees and $7.50 to $9 for mar ried employees. Company contributions increased to 4*4 cents a man hour, plus administrative costs. See footnotes on p. 21. 15 C—Related Wage Practices 1—Continued Applications, exceptions, and other related matters Provision Effective date Death and Sickness Benefits— Continued Nov. 1, 1956 (agreement dated Nov. 3, 1956). Changed to: Contributions — Employee monthly contributions increased to $7.50$9 for employees without dependents and $9.50-$ll for employees with dependents. Company to match employee contribu tions 6 instead of limiting payment to 4.5 cents per man-hour, plus administra tive costs. T Life insurance: New schedule of group term insurance based on higher wage scales— minimum insurance increased from $3,000 to $3,500 and maximum from $5,500 to $ 6,000.7 Accident and sickness benefits: Changed from a flat benefit of $40 a week to graduated benefits ranging from $42 to $57 a week.7 Hospitalization (room and board): Benefits under Blue Cross plan improved and allowance for private room and board increased to $12 a day. Benefits up to 30 days during any 12-month period for mental or nervous disorders or pulmonary tuberculosis. Benefits up to $25 for the first day and $10 for up to 119 additional days’ hospitalization provided in non member hospitals not covered under Blue Cross arrangement. Surgical benefits: Benefits under Blue Shield plan increased to a maximum of $300 during any one period of hospitalization. See footnotes on p. 21 Benefits applicable to participating employ ees actively at work on or after Nov. 1, 1956. Benefits of the plan in effect prior to that date were continued for partici pating employees not actively at work on Nov. 1 1956, until their return to active , employment. Any increase in cost of insurance program during period of agreement to be shared equally by employees and employer. All insurance continued for employees disabled because of (a) nonoccupational disability (excluding pregnancy)—up to 6 months following month last worked; (b) occupational sickness or injury—up to 1 month following end of month in which statutory compensation payments termi nated, except sickness and accident cover age, wrhieh continued up to 6 months following month last worked. Face value of policy (a) reduced to $1,300$1,550 for employees retiring at or after age 65, and continued without cost to employee; (b) continued to age 65 for employees retiring between ages of 60 and 65; (c) continued to age 65 with no em ployee contribution, for employees totally disabled more than 6 months if disability began prior to age 60. Same benefits to be provided for employees insured under New Jersey and New York temporary disability insurance laws. Added: Hospital benefits for (a) dental care if hospitalization certified as necessary; and (b) inpatient diagnostic study w'hen directed toward diagnosis of definite con dition of disease or injury, and the follow ing diagnostic services w ^hen provided by outpatient department of hospital: radia tion therapy, diagnostic X-ray examina tions with films, basal metabolism tests, electrocardiograms and electroencephalo grams, when directed toward a definite condition of disease or injury. Changed to: Hospital benefits for emergency outpatient treatment as a result of non occupational accident, within 48 hours (was 24); maximum of $25 (wras $18) in non member hospital. Benefits not available for sickness or injury covered by workmen’s compensation or other liability law, convalescent or rest cures, ambulance service, doctor’s or special nurse’s charges, blood or blood plasma: services not furnished by hospital, or hospitalization primarily for diagnostic study or dental processes, not specifically provided for in the plan. Added: Oral surgery and doctor’s charges, as follows: (a) anesthesia services—min imum $15, maximum 20 percent of pay ment for surgical procedures; (b) radiation therapy benefits—up to $7.50 per treat ment, maximum $200; (c) diagnostic 16 C—Related Wage Practices1—Continued Provision Effective date Applications, exceptions, and other related matters Death and Sickness Benefits— Contiilued Nov. 1, 1956 (agreement dated Nov. 3,1956)— Con tinued June 23, 1960 (agreement of same date). X -ray services, in or out of hospital, required in diagnosis of disease or injury— up to $40 per treatment, maximum $75 in any 12-month period; and (d) certain diagnostic examinations, in or out of hos pital, made or ordered by licensed doctor— maximum $75 for all examinations during any 12-month period. Benefits not available for doctor’s services covered by workmen’s compensation or other liability law; hospital or laboratory services; plastic surgery for cosmetic or beautifying purposes except as a result of injury or accident sustained while cover age was in effect; payment to assistants; and nonsurgical or dental treatment or X -ray services not specifically mentioned. Radiation therapy, diagnostic X-ray, and examination benefits not available for examinations covered by hospitalization benefits and those in connection with preg Maternity benefits— Added: Hospital benefits up to 120 days for complications arising out of pregnancy. Changed to: Obstetrical benefits, maxi mum $150 (was $100). In effect and continued: Sickness benefits: 6 weeks at regular rate. Hospital room and board: Maximum 10 days for normal delivery. Changed to: Revised plan providing ben efits previously in effect plus the follow ing changes, at no additional cost to employee: Life insurance: Increased by $500, raising minimum from $3,500 to $4,000 and maxi mum from $6,000 to $6,500.1 0 Accident and sickness benefits: Increased $11 a week, minimum from $42 to $53 and maximum from $57 to $68 a week.1 0 See footnotes on p. 21, nancy, dental care, research studies, screen ing, routine physical examinations or checkups, premarital examinations, hos pital admission procedures, and fluoros copy without films. In effect: Retiree could authorize deduction of premiums for converted policy from policy check. Revised benefits applicable upon return to work, to employees actively at work, or absent because of layoff, leave of absence, or disability, on day prior to beginning of strike at their respective yards. Benefits and contributions of prior plan con tinued until return to work for employees absent on June 23, 1960, because of layoff, leave of absence, or disability. Employees to pay contributions advanced for insurance coverage while on strike in 1960.8 In event of strike after May 31, 1963, in surance, except sickness and accident benefits, to continue for 30 days at em ployeesJ expense and parties to discuss arrangement for further continuation.9 Existing optional benefits continued at ex pense of employees. Insurance upon retirement remained at $1,300 to $1,550. Same benefits to be provided for employees insured under New Jersey and New York temporary disability insurance laws. 17 C—Related Wage Practices1—Continued Effective date Provision Applications, exceptions, and other related matters Death and Sickness Benefits— Continued Increased: Anesthesia services—minimum to $20; radiation therapy benefits—to $10 a treatment. June 23, 1960 (agreement of same date). Sept. 1, 1963 (agreement of same date). Increased: Life insurance: By '$500, raising minimum to $4,500 and maximum to $7,000.1 1 Accident and sickness benefits: By $10 a week, raising minimum to $63 and maxi mum to $78 a week.1! 1 Hospitalization (room and board): Maxi mum by 245 days, to 365. See footnotes on p. 21 Same benefits to be provided employees in sured under New Jersey and New York temporary disability insurance laws. 18 C —Related Wage Practices1—Continued Effective date Provision Applications, exceptions, and other related matters P e n s io n P la n Jane 23,1941 (estab lished 1923). M ay 1, 194? ■ Mar. 1, 1950 N ov. 1, 1954 (by agreement of Sept. 20, 1954). Non contributory pension providing annuities to employees at 65 after 25 years continuous service. Disability benefits provided em ployee wholly incapacitated for work through any unavoidable cause at any age after 15 years continuous service. Annuity or disability benefits to equal 1 percent of average monthly earnings during 120 months preceding retirement multiplied by years of service, but not less than $180 a year including public benefits. Entire cost borne by company. Minimum annual pension increased to $600 Amendments to pension plan negotiated tc provide pensions to employees at 65 or older after 15 years of continuous service. Minimum pension— $100 a month, including Federal Old Age Benefits and other public pensions, to employees retiring at age 65 or older with 25 or more years of service. Em ployees with 15 or more years continuous service to receive proportionately reduced payments. Disability benefits provided employees wholly incapacitated for work through any un avoidable cause at any age after 15 years continuous service. Minimum benefits $600 a year. Entire cost borne by company. Annuity formula of previous plan retained for computing pensions above minimum and disability benefits. In cluded in union agreement. Minimum monthly pension at age 65 increased to com Revised plan not applicable to employees pensioned before pany payment of $55 plus primary social security Novem ber 1, 1954. benefits (a total of at least $140*2 after 30 years* ) Added: Optional forms of pen service in place of a total of $100, including primary sions; reduced benefits pay social security benefits, after 25 years* service; for each able until employee*s death year's service less than 30, new minimum company with continued specified ben pension reduced by $2 a month to $25 for 15 years* efits, until joint annuitant’s service (or a total of at least $110 including social death. security benefits). Company pension benefits as com puted by the basic 1-percent formula reduced by a flat $85 a month (the maximum payable under Federal Old Age and Survivors Insurance at time of agreement) rather than actual O A SI benefit. A worker aged 65 after 30 years* service receiving the minimum company pension might have a total retirement income in excess of $140 since O ASI primary benefits could exceed $85.1 3 Minimum monthly pension for permanent incapacity Dropped: Deduction of work increased to $75 until age 65, after which regular mini men’s compensation p ay mum applies. Amount of pension calculated under 1ments from disability pen percent formula no longer reduced because of absence sions before age 65. from work in last 6 months preceding retirement on disability. See footnotes on p. 21 N ot included in union agree ments; established by com pany. 19 C—Related Wage Practices1—Continued P e n s io n P l a n — N ov. 1, 1957 (agreement dated N ov. 3, 1956). Jan. 1, 1960 (agreement dated June 23, I960).1 5 Continued Minimum monthly pension of employees who retired prior to Feb. 29, 1948, changed to $1.75 for each year of service up to 30; for those retired under the 1949 plan,1 changed 4 to $2 for each year of service up to 30; for those under the 1954 plan, changed to $2.25 a month per year of service up to 30 (plus social security benefits). Monthly pension prior to age 65 for perma Minimum monthly pension for pensioners already retired for disability as follows: nent incapacity changed to the larger of Those entitled to social security disability (1) $90 a month less any social security benefits to receive minimum pensions speci disability benefits payable; (2) minimum fied in preceding entry ; those ineligible pension specified in preceding entry; or for social security disability benefits, $50 a (3) amount under basic 1-percent formula month if retired prior to Feb. 29, 1948, $60 less flat $85 offset for social security or, in a month if retired under the 1949 plan,1 4 workmen’s compensation cases, actual so and $80 a month if retired under the 1954 cial security if less than $85. Normal minimum after age 65. plan. Added: E a r ly retirem ent — Employees aged 60 but less than 65 with 15 years’ contin uous service permitted to retire at own op tion: could elect (1) deferred normal pen sion starting at age 65 or (2) an immediate pension, actuarially reduced. Added: D eferred vested rights — Employees laid off for more than 2 j^ears or termi nated as a result of a permanent shutdown of a plant, department, or a subdivision and who at the end of such 2 years or upon such termination had reached age 40 with at least 15 years’ continuous service to receive deferred monthly pension at age 65 based on years of continuous service and on average monthly compensation during the 120 months pripr to the expira tion of such 2 years or such termination. Minimum monthly pension at age 65 in Company increased pensions for retired creased to company payment of $2.50 a employees by amounts up to $5 a month. ^ month for each year of service prior to Jan. 1, 1960, and $2.60 a month for each year of service thereafter, up to 35 years— plus social security benefits.1 6 Amount deducted for social security bene fits from pension benefits as computed by basic 1-percent formula, reduced to $80. Minimum monthly pension prior to age 65 for permanent incapacity increased to $100 less any social security disability benefits payable. Alternatives of mini mum normal pension or amount under 1-percent formula continued. In case of pensions based on 1-percent for E a r ly retirem en t: Added— full pension based mula, $80 to be deducted as for normal on continuous service to date of retire ment for (1) employees aged 60 but less retirement. Employee must have reached age 53 with than 65 with 15 year’s, continuous service, 18 years’ continuous service on date of retired under mutually satisfactory con shutdown, layoff, or disability.1 Com 8 ditions, and (2) employees aged 55 with pany could at its option grant a pension 20 or more years’ service, terminated prior to the date absence due to layoff or because of permanent shutdown, layoff, or sickness resulting in break in service*1 . 6 physical disability would otherwise result Amount of pension either minimum in break in service if in its judgment there normal pension or amount under 1-perwas little likelihood that employee would cent formula. be recalled to work. N ot applicable to those receiving disability or deferred vested pensions. Minimum monthly pension at age 65 in creased to company payment of $2.40 a month for each year of service prior to N ov. 1, 1957, and $2.50 a month for each year of service thereafter, up to 30 years— plus social security benefits. See footnotes on p. 21. Applications, exceptions, and other related matters Provision Effective date C—Related Wage Practices 1—Continued Effective date Provision Applications, exceptions, and other related matters P e n s io n P l a n — Continued Jan. 1, 1960 (agreement dated June 23, I960).1 5 — Continued July 1, 1962 (pension agreem ent dated June23, 1962, amended July 1, 1962). Added: S p ecia l retirem ent benefit , providing lump-sum payment equal to 13 weeks’ vacation pay reduced by pay for vacation previously taken in calendar year in which retirement occurred or, if employee was not eligible for vacation in the year of retirement, by pay for vacation in last year in which he was eligible. Changed: E a r ly retirem ent 1 — Full pension 9 based on continuous service to date of re Benefits payable for disability— no earlier than month after last month in which tirement for employee with 15 years or employee was eligible for company sickness more of service, either (a) age 55 whose and accident benefits or statutory noncombined age and years of service equaled occupational disability benefits. 75 or (b) younger, whose combined age and years of service equaled 80, and (1) For employee whose employment would have been terminated because of yard closure whose continuous service was broken by but for election to be placed on layoff permanent shutdown of a yard, depart status— provision not applicable until the ment, or subdivision thereof, layoff, or later of (a) date at which age and years of disability, or (2) whose continuous service service equaled 75 or 80, or (b) 1 year after was not broken but who was not at work closure. Employee terminated by closure because of (a) election of layoff status at age 53 with 18 years or more of service under contract terms relating to perma considered to have elected layoff status and nent shutdown or (b) physical disability provided pension under (a) unless em or nonelective layoff and whose return toj ployed at another company yard within 2 work was considered unlikely by em-| years .2 o ployer, or (3) who retired under mutually Changed: Regular pension not to be reduced satisfactory conditions. by eligibility for or receipt of actuarially reduced public pension. When employee reached age at which public pension was not actuarially reduced, company pension to be reduced by amount of public pension. Changed: $80 deduction from early retire ment pension based on 1 percent formula eliminated until age 65 for employee age 55 with 20 years or more of service, whose employment was terminated by perma nent shutdown, layoff, or sickness result ing in break in service. D e ferred vested rights — Continuous service after reemployment not to be included in calculation of pension for employee who was eligible, but had not applied, for de ferred vested pension. See footnotes on p. 21.. Regular monthly pension payments to com mence after 3 months. Employee who has not taken vacation in calendar year not required to take vacation and not en titled to vacation pay in that yearns 21 Footnotes: 1 The last entry under each item represents the most recent change. 2 Since the Zone Standards were substantially iden tical to the provisions o f Executive Order 9240, the industry was exem pt from the terms o f the order. ^ V acation provisions e ffe c tiv e Jan. 1, 1958, were as follows: Years o f service Duration o f vacation Extra vacation pay 1 w eek 1 w eek 2 weeks 2 weeks 3 weeks 3 weeks 1 but less than 3-------------------3 but less than 5-------------------5 but less than 10-------------------10 but less than 15------------------15 but less than 25------------------25 or m o r e ---------------------------- None. */z week. None. V 2 w eek. None. */2 w eek. 4 A "d a y ” , for trial trip purposes, was considered to be the period from midnight to midnight. ® This change should have been included in the origin al chronology published in M onthly Labor R e v ie w , Septem ber 1951 (p. 287). 6 Excluded amount o f em p loyee's contribution toward cost o f additional benefits under the N ew York State D isability Benefits Law and the New Jersey Tem porary D isability Benefits Law for em ployees working in those jurisdictions. 7 Schedule o f benefits— in addition to the national Blue Cross 120-day hospitalization plan and national Blue Shield surgical plan— and em ployee contributions revised as follows: L ife insurance Em ployee's hourly base r a te * Before retire ment Less than $ 1 .9 4 -------------------- $3,500 $1. 94 but less than $2. 32-----4, 000 $2. 32 but less than $2. 70-----4?500 $2. 70 but less than $ 3 .1 4 -----$3.14 but less than $3. 52-----$3. 52 and over---------------------- 5,000 5, 500 6,000 A fte r retire ment W eek ly accident and sickness ben efit $1,300 1,350 1,400 1,450 1,500 1,550 $42 45 48 51 54 57 Em ployee's monthly contri______butions * * No depend ents $7. 50 7.80 8.10 8.4 0 8 .7 0 9.00 With depend ents $9. 50 9 .80 10.10 10.40 10. 70 11.00 * On basis o f N ov. 1, 1956, wage scale, excluding incentive earnings. * * Contributions o f em ployees in N ew York and N ew Jersey included amounts required by State laws, resulting in monthly contributions higher by 30 cents in N ew York and 15 cents in N ew Jersey than those paid by em ployees in other States. The company assumed approxim ately on e-h alf o f the cost o f the accident and sickness coverage for these em ployees. ^ In accordance w ith letter o f understanding betw een the parties dated Feb. 13, This provision was included in an insurance agreem ent dated June 23, 1960. 1960. 22 10 Schedule o f benefits— in addition to the national Blue Cross 120-day hospitalization plan and national Blue Shield surgical plan— revised as follows: Em ployee’ s L ife insurance Em ployee's hourly base r a te * Less than $2. 2 9 ---------------------$2. 29 but lessthan $ 2.71 -------$2. 71 but lessthan $3.1 1 -------$3.11 but lessthan $3.5 5 -------$3.55 but lessthan $ 3 .9 3 -------$3.93 and over----------------------- Before retire m ent $4,000 4, 500 5,000 5,500 6,000 6, 500 A fte r retire ment $ i, ,300 i , ,350 i, ,400 i, ,450 i. ,500 i, ,550 W eek ly accident and sickness ben efit $53 56 59 62 65 68 monthly contri_____ butions * * No depend ents $7. 50 7.80 8.10 8.40 8. 70 9.00 With depend ents $9.50 9 .80 10.10 10.40 10.70 11.00 * On basis o f July 1, 1960, wage scale, excluding incentive earnings. * * For contributions o f em ployees in N ew Jersey and N ew Y ork , see fo o tn o te ** under footnote 7. Schedule o f benefits— in addition to the national Blue Cross 365-day hospitalization plan and national Blue Shield surgical plan— revised as follow s: L ife insurance Em ployee's hourly base rate* Before retire ment Less than $2. 5 6 -------------------$2. 56 but less than $2.98 ------$2.98 but less than $3. 38------$3. 38 but less than $3.8 2 ------$3.82 but less than $ 4 .2 0 ------$4.20 and o v e r - - ------------------- A fte r retire ment $4, 500 5,000 5, 500 6,000 6,500 7,000 $1,300 1,350 1,400 1,450 1,500 1,550 W eek ly accident and sickness ben efit $63 66 69 72 75 78 Em ployee' $ monthly contri______bu tions** No depend ents $7.50 7.80 8.10 8.40 8.70 9.00 W ith depend ents $9.50 9 .8 0 10.10 10.40 10.70 11.00 * On basis o f Sept. 1, 1963, wage scale, excluding incentive earnings. * * Employees contributed 30 cents more in N ew York and 15 cents more in N ew Jersey in accordance with State tem porary disability laws. The company assumed approxim ately on e-h alf the cost o f accident and sickness coverage for these em ployees. 12 A t tim e o f agreem ent, some em ployees m ight have been e lig ib le for OASI benefits o f less than $85 and thus would have received total monthly retirem ent incom e o f less than $140 but this number would have been sm all. 13 Under 1954 amendments to the law , m axim um OASI benefits had increased to $98.50 by N ov. 1, 1954, and were to rise further, to $108.50, by July 1, 1956. 23 14 Amendments becam e e ffe c tiv e Mar, 1, 1950. 15 In a letter to the union from the company dated June 23, 1960, it was agreed than in the event pension benefits in e ffe c t at the company's basic steel plants w ere changed prior to June 1, 1963, pursuant to agreem ent between the company and the United Steelworkers o f A m erica , the same changes in benefits would be made applicable simultaneously to em ployees in the company's A tlan tic coast shipyards division. 1 ^ D efin ition o f continuous service was changed to extend the period which could elapse before a break in service up to 5 years (was 2 years) after la y o ff, depending on length o f service. Previous p ractice o f crediting up to 2 years o f la y o ff as years o f service for purposes o f computing retirem ent benefits continued. 17 Included in a letter to the union from the company dated June 23, 1960. The $5 increase was provided for a ll pensioners except those electin g to receive a reduced amount under a pension option, for whom the increase was prorated accordingly. 18 Included in a letter to the union from the company dated June 23, 1960. 19 E ffective N ov. 1, 1957, im m ediate pension payable to em ployee who voluntarily retired at age 60 or after with at least 15 years o f continuous service was based on— A g e at retirem ent Percent of pension 60---------------------------------------- $67.18 6.1---------------------------------------72.36 62---------------------------------------78. 14 A g e at retirem ent 63 64 65 ------------------------------- $84.60 ----------------------------91.84 ------------------------------ 100.00 Included in a letter to union from company dated July 1, Percent of pension 1962. W age Chronologies The following list constitutes all wage chronologies published to date. Those for which a price is shown are available from the Superintendent of Docu ments, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402, or from any of its regional sales offices. Those for which a price is not shown may be obtained free as long as a supply is available, from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Washington, D.C., 20212, or from any of the regional offices shown on the inside back cover. Aluminum Company of America, 1939— 61. BLS Report 219. American Viscose, 1945— 63. BLS Report 277 (20 cents). The Anaconda Co., 1941— 58. BLS Report 197. Anthracite Mining Industry, 1930— 59. BLS Report 255. Armour and Co., 1941— 63. BLS Report 187. A. T. & T .— Long Lines Department, 1940— 64. BLS Bulletin 1443 (40 cents). Berkshire Hathaway Inc. (formerly Northern Cotton Textile Associations), 1943— 64. BLS Report 281 (20 cents). A Big Four Rubber Companies, Akron and Detroit Plants, 1937— 55. 1Bituminous Coal Mines, 1933— 59. The Boeing Co. (Washington Plants), 1936— 64. BLS Report 204 (20 cents). Carolina Coach Co., 1947— 63. BLS Report 259. Chrysler Corporation, 1939— 64. BLS Report 198 (25 cents). Commonwealth Edison Co. of Chicago, 1945— 63. BLS Report 205 (20 cents). Federal Classification Act Employees, 1924— 64. BLS Bulletin 1442(35 cents). Ford Motor Company, 1941— 64. BLS Report 99 (30 cents). General Motors Corp., 1939— 63. BLS Report 185 (25 cents). International Harvester Company, 1946— 61. BLS Report 202. International Shoe Co., 1945— 64. BLS Report 211. Lockheed Aircraft Corp. (California Company), 1937— 64. BLS Report 231 (25 cents). 2Martin— Marietta Corp., 1944— 64. BLS Bulletin 1449. Massachusetts Shoe Manufacturing, 1945— 64. BLS Report 209 (20 cents). 2New York City Laundries, 1945— 64. BLS Bulletin 1453. North American Aviation, 1941— 64. BLS Report 203 (25 cents). North Atlantic Longshoring, 1934— 61. BLS Report 234, 1Pacific Gas and Electric Co., 1943— 59. lPacific Longshore Industry, 1934— 59. Railroads— Nonoperating Employees, 1920— 62. BLS Report 208 (25 cents). Sinclair Oil Companies, 1941— 66. BLS Bulletin 1447 (25 cents). Swift & C o., 1942-63. BLS Report 260 (25 cents). United States Steel Corporation, 1937— 64. BLS Report 186 (30 cents). Western Greyhound Lines, 1945— 63. BLS Report 245 (30 cents). Western Union Telegraph Co., 1943— 63. BLS Report 160 (30 cents).1 1 Out o f print. See Directory o f Wage Chronologies, 1948-Qctober 1964, for Monthly Labor Review issue in which basic report and supplements appeared. 2 Study in progress; price not available. BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES