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U. S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R ,

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
ROYAL ME EK ER, Commissioner

BULLETIN OF THE UNITED STATES \
BUREAU OF LAB O R S T A T IS T IC S / * * ’
WAGES

AND

HOURS

OF

LABOR

'

( W H O L E 1 yl ^
(NUMBER J t J
L

SE'R IE S :

No.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES
AND




HOURS

OF LABOR

MAY 15, 1913

MA RCH 4, 1914

WASHINGTON
G O VE R NM EN T P R I N T I N G OFFICE
1914

7




CONTENTS.
Union scale of wages and hours of labor, May 15, 1913:
General summary................................................................ ..........................
Relative hours of labor per week, relative rates of wages per hour, and
relative earnings on full time, in certain trades, 1907 to 1 9 1 3 .. .. .. .. .
T able I.— Union scale of wages and hours of labor in each city, by
trades, on May 15, 1912 and 1913................ ............................................
T able II.— Union scale of wages and hours of labor in each trade, by
cities, on May 15, 1912 and 1913............... .............................................




3

pa e.
g
5-9
10-13
14-78
79-150




BULLETIN OF THE

U. S. BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
W H O L E NO. 143.

W ASH INGTON.

MAR CH 4, 1914.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR,
MAY 15, 1913.
GENERAL SUMMARY.
This report shows the union scale of wages and hours of labor pre­
vailing on May 15, 1913, in the principal mechanical trades in 40
important industrial cities in the United States. Union scales in
39 cities on May 15 each year from 1907 to 1912, inclusive, for approxi­
mately the same trades were published in Bulletin No. 131 of this
Bureau.
The detail figures of this report are published in two general tables,
entitled:
T a b l e I.— Union scale of wages and hours of labor in each city,
by trades, on May 1 5 ,1 9 1 2 and 1913 (pp. 14 to 78).
T a b l e II .— Union scale of wages and hours of labor in each trade,
by cities, on May 15, 1912 and 1913 (pp. 79 to 150).
For comparison, the scale on May 15, 1912, is shown in parallel
column with the scale on May 15, 1913.
The figures appearing in Table I for each respective city are re­
peated in Table II, where all of the figures from the several cities
relating to a trade are brought together.
The trades are divided into seven groups, as follows:
Bakery trades.
Building trades.
Granite and stone trades.
Metal trades.

Millwork.
Printing trades, book and job.
Printing trades, newspaper.

The 40 cities included in this report are important industrial
cities located in 32 States. In a general way the city selected in
each section of the country was the city having the largest population
in that section; but, in addition, two smaller cities were included—
Fall River, which is a textile center in Massachusetts, and Scranton,
which is situated in the anthracite coal region of Pennsylvania.
Within these 40 cities live one-fifth of the total population, two-fifths




5

6

BULLETIN OF THE BUKEAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

of the urban population, and approximately one-third of the total
number engaged in gainful occupations (not including those in
agricultural pursuits) m continental United States.
The same cities are included in the Bureau’s reports on retail
prices.
The cities included are as follows:
North Atlantic States:
Boston, Mass.
Buffalo, N. Y.
Fall River, Mass.
Manchester, N. H.
Newark, N. J.
New Haven, Conn.
New York, N. Y.
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburgh, Pa,
Providence, R. I.
Scranton, Pa.
South Atlantic States:
Atlanta, Ga.
Baltimore, Md.
Charleston, S. 0.
Jacksonville, Fla.
Richmond, Ya.
Washington, D. C.
North Central States:
Chicago, 111.
Cincinnati, Ohio.
Cleveland, Ohio.

North Central States—Concluded.
Detroit, Mich.
Indianapolis, Ind.
Kansas City, Mo.
Milwaukee, Wis.
Minneapolis, Minn.
Omaha, Nebr.
St. Louis, Mo.
St. Paul, Minn.
South Central States:
Birmingham, Ala.
Dallas, Tex.
Little Rock, Ark,
Louisville, Ky.
Memphis, Tenn.
New Orleans, La.
Western States:
Denver, Colo.
Los Angeles, Cal.
Portland, Oreg.
Salt Lake City, Utah.
San Francisco, Cal.
Seattle, Wash.

The union scale, as the term is here used, is a definite statement of
wages and hours of labor agreed to by an employer and an organiza­
tion of union men and under which union men actually are working.
The union scale fixes the limit in only one direction. It establishes
a minimum wage below which a member of the union will not
work and a maximum of hours beyond which he will not work at
the regular rate of pay. This report shows such minimum wages
and maximum hours as are established in the scale. In certain cities
and trades, however, workmen are paid more than the union scale,
and in some instances employees work regularly less than the scale
of hours. This report does not include information concerning the
extent to which workmen are paid more than the scale or work fewer
hours than the scale, owing to the great amount of work that would
be required to collect such information.
The trades for which the union scale is given in this Bulletin are
shown in the following table. This table gives, for each trade, per­
centages indicating the change in rates of wages in a full week in
1913 as compared with rates of wages in a full week in each pre­
ceding year back to 1907 in all cities covered, taken collectively.
The year 1907 was the first for which the Bureau collected figures
concerning the union scales of the country. This table is computed
from the relative weekly rates of wages on full time appearing in
the table on page 10. As an illustration, the table shows that the




7

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LAB OR^ M A Y 15, 1913.

rates of wages of bakers (first hands) in a full week in 1913 were 3.1
per cent higher than the rates of wages in a full week in 1907, 4.2
per cent higher than the rates of wages of a full week in 1908, etc.
W ith the exception of one trade, the union scales in the trades
covered were higher in 1913 than in 1912, and in many of the
trades a marked advance is shown in 1913 over the earlier years of
the period.
PE R CENT OF INCREASE IN RATES OF WAGES PE R W EE K ON FULL TIME, 1913, COM­
PA RE D W ITH EACH OF THE SIX Y EA R S PRECEDING.
Per cent higher in 1913 than in—
Occupations.
1907
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands..................................... .
Bakers, second hands..................................
Bakers, third hands....... ............................ .
Building trades.
Bricklayers...................................................
Bricklayers, sewer and caisson...................
Building laborers....................................... .
Carpenters........................... ...................... .
Cement workers, finishers......................... .
Cement workers* helpers......... ................. .
Cement workers’ laborers.......................... .
Hod carriers................................................
Inside wiremen................... ......................
Inside wiremen’s helpers..........................
Inside wiremen, fixture hangers...............
Lathers.......................................................
Marble setters.............................................
Painters.......................................................
Painters, fresco............................................
Plasterers....................................................
Plasterers’ laborers............... .....................
Plumbers and gas fitters............................
Sheet-metal workers..................................
Steam fitters...............................................
Steam fitters’ helpers.......... ...................... .
Stonemasons............................................... .
Structural iron workers............................. .
Structural iron workers, finishers.............
Structural iron workers, finishers’ helpers.
Tile layers................................................... .
Tile layers’ helpers.....................................
Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters.............................................
Stonecutters..................... ..........................
Metal trades.
Blacksmiths............................... .................
Blacksmiths’ helpers.................................. .
Boiler makers..............................................
Boiler makers’ helpers................................
Core makers.................................................
Foundry laborers...................................
Machinists...................................................
Holders, iron...............................................
Pattern makers, wood................................
Millworlc.
Carpenters...................................................
Painters, hardwood finishers.....................

3.1
22.0
33.0
5.0

1908

4.2
20.2
26.3
4.4

1909

4.7
14.0
20.8

C)
1

C)
1

0)
10.5
15.1

C)
1

C)
1

6.7
10.4
6.8
14.9
22.0
3.7
9.8
6.6
0)
9.3
14.4

4.8
9.6
14.0

3.0

0)

7.4
11.7
5.7
16.7
20.5
4.1
16.4
9.4

1910

3.0

(0

C)
1
Q)

C)
1

C)
1

C)
1
C)
0)

0)

0)

1.7
.1
3.5
1.7
1.9
1.1
4.0
1.3
2.2
.6
3.1
2.5
6.6
4.2
1.3
1.0
2.9
3.1
3.6
S. 8
2.9
3.5
2.6
2.1
1.6
4.7
1.8

0)
8.1
7.5

fi)
v)
v)
Q)

3.2

C)
1

C)
1

0)

5.6
5.3
10.9
13.5
13.4
14.7
5.6
9.8

2.7
3.1
5.2

9.8
11.2

0

5.2
10.3
12.1
16.1
15.1
16.4
7.6
10.9

4.7
4.3
9.2
12.2
11.2
14.0
4.7
8.6

C
1)

C)
1

3.4
3.6
7.6
8.7
7.9
5.9
5.0
5.7

h

0)

1912

5.0
5.8
7.4

6.5
8.8
4.8
9.5
6.7
4.0
7.8
5.5
C
1)

0

5.6
5.4
3.7
7.4
5.0
2.1
5.8
1.1

1911

5.5
4.1
1.9
1.1
4.4
1.6
3.4
.9
7.2
5.4

3.0
3.6
2.5
5.7
4.6
5.4
4.3
3.1
V)
P)

C)
1
C)

7.3
3.3

7.0
3.3

5.3
3.3

5.0
2.6

4.1
2.2

4.1
2.2

10.6
17.1
14.8
15.5
17.9

9.5
12.7
13.6
14.9
17.9

8.6
10.7
12.7
14.2
18.5

5.0
3.3
7.5
11.5
13.0

5.0
3.2
1.7
7.2
7.1

0)

C)

0)

C)
1

0)

2.5
2.8
.8
1.2
6.0
3.1
1.1
5.3
3.6

P

C)
1

0)

0)
0)

(0
(0

<0
0)

6.6
12.9

6.0
12.5

5.9
12.4

5.3
7.8

3.3
4.9

2.7
2.7

16.4
8.7
8.3

16.0
8.6
8.1

15.1
8.0
7.3

9.3
7.1
5.4

5.8
3.7
2.1

3.4
1.8
1.3

8.3
11.6
9.1

7.1
11.7
6.0

6.0
11.5
7.5

2.7
7.6
5.7

1.6
5.7
4.8

(2
)

8

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders................................................
Compositors................................................
Electrotypers:
Battery men and builders..................
Finishers.......................... ............. .......
Holders.............................. ................. .




1No data.

2 No change.

8

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

PER CENT OF INCREASE IN R A TE S OF WAGES PER W EE K ON FULL TIME, 1913, COM­
PARED W ITH EACH OF THE SIX Y E A R S PRECEDING—Concluded.
Per cent higher in 1913 than in—
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912

Printing trades, book and job—Concluded.
Linotype operators..........................................................
Machine tenders...............................................................
Press feeders.....................................................................
Pressmen, cylinder presses..............................................
Pressmen, platen presses.................................................

9.6
<0
13.5
15.2
11.6

9.5
0)
12.6
13.8
11.0

9.3
0)
10.6
5.8
7.5

6.8
0)
8.6
4.9
5.7

5.6
(0
4.3
3.0
3.8

2.7
1.3
2.7
1.2
2.5

12.2
7.6
10.1
7.0
0)
(0
12.6
9.6
13.4
13.5

11.9
7.6
7.6
5.8
(0
0)
11.4
8.6
10.5
10.4

10.1
6.6
7.1
5.3

7.6
4.8
4.8
3.5
V)
C)
5.3
4.3
8.0
7.9

4.6
3.1
3.2
2.8

2.1
1.6
1.8
1.3
1.5
.6
1.9
2.0
5.7
5.8

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork.....................................................
Compositors, nightwork..................................................
Linotype operators, daywork.........................................
Linotype operators, nightwork.......................................
Machine tenders, daywork..............................................
Machine tenders, nightwork............................................
Pressmen, web presses, daywork....................................
Pressmen, web presses, nightwork.................................
Stereotypers, daywork....................................................
Stereotypers, nightwork..................................................

.8
9.9
7.6
9.5
9.2

0)
4.1
3.5
7.4
7.4

The union scales presented in this report are the time-rate scales
only, except in the trades of compositors and linotype operators, for
which the piece rates per 1,000 ems are shown in addition to time rates.
The unit 1,000 ems is a standard unit and universally understood. It
has not yet been feasible for the Bureau to enlarge the work and col­
lect piece-rate scales in other trades. In localities where piece rates
prevail almost exclusively and the time rate is provided for in the
scale but is only infrequently used, such time rate has not been tabu­
lated. The time scales state wages for different units of time: Under
some scales the rate of wages are by the hour, others by the day, and
others by the week. To make comparison easy the varying rates
have been reduced to an hourly rate.
When, for a period of more than three months of a year, the
number of hours differed from those shown for May 15, the difference
has been noted in the tables.
The information published was obtained by special agents of the
Bureau in personal visits to business agents and secretaries of the
respective unions in the several cities.
Wage scales, written agreements, and trade-union records were
consulted wherever available.
For all of the trades covered, a table of relative numbers has been
computed covering all of the years back to 1907 for which the Bureau
has figures. In this table the wages per hour, the regular working
hours per week, and the rates of wages per week on full time in 1913
were taken as the basis or 100, and the differences in each preceding
year were indicated by percentages. Thus, in the table below, the
regular full-time hours per week of bakers (first hand) in 1907 were




U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1913.

9

123 per cent of what they were in 1913. In this same occupation the
rate of wages per hour on May 15, 1907, were 78.9 per cent of what
they were on May 15, 1913.
The increase in rates of wages per hour were nearly counterbal­
anced by the reduction of working hours per week, so that while the
time required to make a week’s earnings was reduced the income per
week would be but slightly increased. The relative rates of wages
per full week in 1907 fof this occupation were 97 per cent of the rates
of wages per full week in 1913. The per cent of change in full-time
rates of wages per week in which 1913 is compared with each pre­
ceding year is shown in the table on pages 7 and 8.
The rates of wages per week, full time, means the rates for a week
when no time is lost and no overtime worked.
The relative rates of wages per week, full time, were obtained by
multiplying the relative rate of wages per hour by the relative hours
of labor per week. This method was employed only to save time in
the publication of the report. The relatives thus computed will
vary but slightly from relatives based on averages of the actual rates
per full week.
In computing the relative hours of labor per week and the relative
rates of wages per hour the figures for each city were given an im­
portance (weighted) according to the approximate total membership
of the union in the city.
In Bulletin No. 131 a table was given of relative hours of labor and
relative rates of wages per hour, in. which the figures for 1907 were
taken as the base (100). In the present Bulletin, as stated, the
figures for 1913 have been taken as the base (100) and the figures
for the preceding year recomputed to correspond.
A study of the relative numbers shows a general tendency in all
trades toward a reduction of hours of labor and an increase in the
scale of wages.




10
REL

OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
FRS OF LABOR PER W EE K , R E LA TIV E RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR,
R E LATIVE RATES PER W E E K ON FULL TIME, 1907 TO 1913.
Bakery trades.

Building trades.

Bakers, first hands. Bakers, second hands. Bakers, third hands.
Rela­
tive
nomi­
nal
full­
time
hours
per
week.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.

123.0
117.7
113.5
109.0
104.6
101.2
100.0

Rela­ Rela­
tive
tive
Rela­ rate nomi­
tive
of
nal
rate of wages full­
wages per
time
per
hour. week, hours
per
full
time. week.
78.9
81.6
84.1
87.5
91.0
96.2
100.0

97.0
96.0
95.5
95.4
95.2
97.4
100.0

108.5
107.8
107.6
106.5
105.1
101.3
100.0

Rela­
tive
Rela­ rate
tive
of
rate of
wages per
per
hour. week,
full
time.
75.6
77.2
81.5
85.6
89.9
95.8

100.0

82.0
83.2
87.7
91.2
94.5
97.0
100.0

Bricklayers.

Rela­
Rela­ Rela­
Rela­
tive
tive
tive
tive
nomi­ Rela­ rate nomi­ Rela­ rate
tive
tive
nal rate of
of
nal rate of
of
full­
full­
per
time
time
per
per
p er.
hours hour. week, hours hour. week,
per
per
full
full
week.
time. week.
time.

112.6

111.3
111.1
109.9
109.1
101.2

100.0

66.8
71.2
74.5
79.8
85.3
94.0

100.0

75.2
79.2
82.8
87.7
93.1
95.1

100.0

102.1
102.1

101.9
100.3
100.0
100.0
100.0

93.2
93.8
95.3
96.8
96.9
98.3

100.0

95.2
95.8
97.1
97.1
96.9
98.3

100.0

Building trades—Continued.
Bricklayers, sewer
and caisson.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.

100.0
100.0

99.0
100.0

99.0
100.0

Building laborers.

102.6
102.6
102.4
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

90.7
91.3
91.7
94.7
94.8
96.6
100.0

93.1
93.7
93.9
94.7
94.8
96.6
100.0

Carpenters.

101.3
101.2
101.1
100.6
100.1
100.1
100.0

88.4
89.5
90.9
94.3
96.0
98.2
100.0

89.5
90.6
91.9
94.9
96.1
98.3
100.0

Cement workers,
finishers.
102.8
101.8
101.8
101.7
100.9
100.9
100.0

92.0
91.9
93.7
94.8
97.2
97.2
100.0

94.6
93.6
95.4
96.4
98.1
98.1
100.0

Building trades—Continued.
Cement workers'
helpers.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.

100.7
100.1
100.1
100.1
100.0
100.0
100.0

85.1
86.9
91.2
93.0
98.9
98.9
100.0

85.7
87.0
91.3
93.1
98.9
98.9
100.0

Cement workers’
laborers.
101.4
100.6
100.6
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

81.9
81.5
93.1
95.2
95.8
96.2
100.0

83.0
82.0
93.7
95.2
95.8
96.2
100.0

Hod carriers.
103.1
103.1
102.6
101.5
100.5
100.0
100.0

93.2
93.5
93.8
96.5
97.9
98.7
100.0

96.1
96.4
96.2
97.9
98.4
98.7
100.0

Inside wiremen.
101.5
101.4
101.4
100.9
100.6
100.2
100.0

84.6
89.8
91.5
93.7
96.1
97.6
100.0

85.9
91.1
92.8
94.5
96.7
97.8
100.0

Building trades—Continued.
Inside wiremen’ s
helpers.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.

102.9
102.5
102.5
101.2
100.8
100.2
100.0




88.8
91.5
92.5
97. 7
98.3
99.2
100.0

91.4
93.8
94.8
98. 9
99.1
99.4
100.0

Inside wiremen,
fixture hangers.

102.0
100.0

95.1
100.0

97.0
100.0

Lathers.

100.0
100.0

97.6
100.0

Marble setters.

97.6
100.0

101.5
101.5
100.6
100. 4
100.0
100.0
100.0

89.2
90.1
90.6
92.1
93.3
93.8
100.0

90.5
91.5
91.1
92.5
93.3
93.8
100.0

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.

11

RELATIVE HOURS OF LABOR PER W EE K , R E LA TIV E RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR,
AND R E LA TIV E RATES PER W E E K ON FULL TIME, 1907 TO 1913—Continued.
Building trades—Continued.
Painters, fresco.

Painters.

Year.

1907
190S
1909
1910
1911
1912...................
1913...................

Rela­
tive
nomi­
nal
full­
time
hours
per
week.

Rela­ Rela­
tive
tive
Rela­ rate nomi­ Rela­
tive
tive
nal
of
rate of wages full­ rate of
wages
wages per
time
per
per
hour. week, hours hour.
per
full
time. week.

102.6
102.2
101.9
101.2
100.7
100.6
100.0

84.7
85.5
88.2
91.9
94.2
95.4
100.0

86.9
87.4
89.9
93.0
94.9
96.0
100.0

100.3
100.0

98.4
100.0

Plasterers.

Rela­
tive
rate
of
wages
per
week,
full
time.

Rela­
tive
nomi­
nal
full­
time
hours
per
week.

98.7
100.0

100.9
100.6
100.6
100.5
100.2
100.0
100.0

Plasterers’ laborers.

Rela­ Rela­
tive
tive
Rela­ rate nomi­ Rela­
tive
tive
nal
of
rate of wages full­ rate of
wages per
wages
time
per
per
hour. week, hours hour.
per
full
time. week.
94.3
94.1
94.9
96.2
96.9
99.0
100.0

95.1
94.7
95.5
96.7
97.1
99.0
100.0

101.0
100.7
100.5
100.5
100.4
100.0
100.0

89.8
94.3
95.4
96.0
96.1
97.2
100.0

Rela­
tive
rate
of
wages
per
week,
full
time.
90.7
95.0
95.9
96.5
96.5
97.2
100.0

Building trades—Continued.
Plumbers and gas
fitters.
1907...................
1908...................
1909...................
1910...................
1911...................
1912...................
1913...................

101.4
101.5
101.3
101.1
100.8
100.4
100.0

88.0
88.9
90.4
91.9
96.8
96.6
100.0

89.2
90.2
91.6
92.9
97.6
97.0
100.0

Sheet-metal workers.

101.9
101.9
101.8
101.8
101.7
101.2
100.0

84.5
86.5
87.5
90.4
93.0
95.4
100.0

86.1
88.1
89.1
92.0
94.6
96.5
100.0

Steam fitters.
102.4
102.4
102.0
101.1
101.0
100.3
100.0

84.9
86.1
88.1
91.7
94.7
96.0
100.0

86.9
88.2
89.9
92.7
95.6
96.3
100.0

Steam fitters’ helpers.

101.9
101.8
101.6
100.6
100.4
100.2
100.0

84.3
85.7
86.3
93.8
94.5
97.0
100.0

85.9
87.2
87.7
94.4
94.9
97.2
100.0

Building trades—Continued.

Stonemasons.

1907...................
1908 .
1909 .........
1910
1911
1912...................
1913...................

101.8
101.8
101.8
100.6
100.0
100.0
100.0

91.3
93.0
93.8
94.6
95.9
96.6
100.0

92.9
94.7
95.5
95.2
95.9
96.6
100.0

Structural iron­
workers.
103.2
102.9
102.6
102.0
101.8
100.4
100.0

87.4
88.5
89.8
92.7
95.3
97.1
100.0

90.2
91.1
92.1
94.6
97.0
97.5
100.0

Structural iron­
workers, finishers.

100.0
100.0

Building trades—Concluded.
Tile layers.
1907...................
1908...................
1909...................
1910...................
1911...................
1912................... 100.4
1913................... 100.0




95.1
100.0

95.5
100.0

97.8
100.0

97.9
100.0

100.3
100.0

98. i
100.0

98.4
100.0

Granite and stone trades.

Tile layers’ helpers.

100.4
100.0

97.9
100.0

Structural iron­
workers, finishers,
helpers.

98.2
100.0

Granite cutters.
103.3
103.2
103.1
102.7
102.5
101.2
100.0

90.2
90.6
92.1
92.7
93.8
95.0
100.0

93.2
93.5
95.0
95.2
96.1
96.1
100.0

Stonecutters.
100.6
100.5
100.5
100.5
100.5
100.1
100.0

96.2
96.3
96.3
97.0
97.3
97.7
100.0

96.8
96.8
96.8
97.5
97.8
97.8
100.0

12

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

RE LA TIV E HOURS OF LABOR PER W EE K , R E LA TIV E RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR,
AND RELATIVE RATES PER W E E K ON FULL TIME, 1907 TO 1913—Continued.
Metal trades.
Blacksmiths’
helpers.

Blacksmiths.

Year.

Rela­
tive
nomi­
nal
full­
time
hours
per
week.

1907...................
1908...................
1909...................
1910...................
1911...................
1912...................
1913...................

102.9
102.9
101.5
101.3
100.7
100.7
100.0

Rela­ Rela­
tive
tive
Rela­ rate nomi­
tive
of
nal
rate of wages full­
wages per
time
per week, hours
hour.
full
per
time. week.
87.9
88.7
90.7
94.0
94.5
96.9
100.0

103 3
103.3
102.1
101.9
101.1
101.0
100.0

90.4
91.3
92.1
95.2
95.2
97.6
100.0

Rela­ Rela­
tive
Relar tive nomi­ Rela­
rate
tive
tive
nal
of
rate of
full­ rate of
wages wages time wages
per
per
per
hour. week, hours hour.
per
full
time. week.
82.7
85.9
88.4
95.0
95.8
96.3
100.0

Boiler makers’
helpers.

Boiler makers.

85.4
88.7
90.3
96.8
96.9
97.3
100.0

101.8
101.5
101.0
100.9
100.3
100.2
100.0

85.6
86.7
87.8
92.2
98.0
99.0
100.0

Rela­
tive
rate
of
wages
per
week,
full
time.

Rela­
tive
nomi­
nal
full­
time
hours
per
week.

Rela­
tive
Rela­ rate
tive
of
rate of wages
wages per
per week,
hour. full
time.

87.1
88.0
88. 7
93.0
98.3
99.2
100.0

102.5
102.4
101.6
101.1
100.9
100.0
100.0

84.5
85.0
86.2
88.7
92.5
98.8
100.0

86.6
87.0
87.6
89.7
93.3
98.8
100.0

Metal trades—Continued.
Core makers.
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912...................
1913...................

103.0
103.0
101.9
101.3
100.6
100.6
100.0

82.3
82.3
82.8
87.4
92.8
93.7
100.0

84.8
84.8
84.4
88.5
93.4
94.3
100.0

ioo.o
100.0

97.0
100.0

97.0
100.0

Metal trades—
Concluded.

103.4
103.1
102.8
101.6
100. 7
100.5
100.0

88.7
91.5
90.5
93.1
94.7
96.0
100.0

102.8
102.8
102.5
101.8
101.5
100.5
100.0

89.8
90.9
92.0
95.7
96.9
98.4
100.0

92.3
93.4
94.3
97.4
98.4
98.9
100.0

Carpenters.

91.7
94.3
93.0
94.6
95.4
96.5
100.0

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

Painters, hardwood
finishers.

100.0
100.0

Molders, iron.
101.8
101.8
101.3
100.8
100.5
100.5
100.0

88.0
87.9
88.5
92.2
94.1
94.5
100.0

89.6
89.5
89.7
92.9
94.6
95.0
100.0

Printing trades:
B ook and job .

Millwork.

Pattern makers,
wood.
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912...................
1913,.................

Machinists.

Foundry laborers.

99.2
100.0

99.2
100.0

Bookbinders.
112.5
102.1
100.7
100.3
100.0
100.0
100.0

83.4
92.4
93.7
94.7
96.8
97.4
100.0

93.8
94.3
94.4
95.0
96.8
97.4
100.0

Printing trades: B ook and jo b —Continued.

Compositors.

1907...................
1908...................
1909...................
1910...................
1911...................
1912...................
1913...................

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0




88.6
88.9
89.0
92.8
95.3
97.4
100.0

88.6
88.9
89.0
92.8
95.3
97.4
100.0

Electrotypers, bat­
tery men and
builders.
104.6
104.1
104.0
102.5
100.2
100.2
100.0

82.1
82.8
83.6
89.3
94.3
96.5
100.0

85.9
86.2
86.9
91.5
94.5
96.7
100.0

Electrotypers,
finishers.

105.7
105.3
105.2
102.1
100.1
100.1
100.0

87.0
87.5
88.0
91.5
96.3
98.1
100.0

92.0
92.1
92.6
93.4
96.4
98.2
100.0

Electrotypers,
molders.

105.5
104.5
104.4
101.6
100.1
100.1
100.0

87.5
88.5
89.3
93.4
97.8
98.6
100.0

92.3
92.5
93.2
94.9
97.9
98.7
100.0

13

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.

R E LA T IV E HOURS OF LABOR PER W E E K , R E LATIVE RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR,
AND R E LA T IV E R ATES PER W E E K ON FULL TIME, 1907 TO 1913—Concluded.
Printing trades: Book and job—Continued.
Linotype operators.

Year.

1907...................
1908 ...............
1909...................
1910...................
1911...................
1912...................
1913...................

Rela­
tive
nomi­
nal
full­
time
hours
per
week.
100.2
100.2
100.2
100.2
100.2
100.0
100.0

Machine tenders.

Rela­ Rela­
tive
tive
Rela­ rate nomi­
tive
nal
of
rate of wages full­
wages per
time
per
hour. week, hours
full
per
time. week.
91.0
91.1
91.3
93.4
94.5
97. 4
100.0

91.2
91.3
91.5
93.6
94.7
97.4
100.0

100.0
100.0

Machinist operators.

Rela­ Rela­
tive
tive
Rela­ rate nomi­
tive
nal
of
rate of wages full­
wages per
time
per
hour. week, hours
per
full
time. week.

98.7
100.0

1907...................
1908...................
1909...................
1910...................
1911...................
1912...................
1913...................

106.4
101.5
100.1
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

81.6
86.6
94.4
95.3
97.1
98.8
100.0

86.8
87.9
94.5
95.3
97.1
98.8
100.0

98.7
100.0

Pressmen, platen
presses.
105.4
102.3
100.2
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

85.0
88.1
92.8
94.6
96.3
97.6
100.0

Rela­ Relar
tive
tive
Rela­ rate nomi­
tive
nal
of
rate of wages full­
wages per
time
per
hour. week, hours
per
full
time. week.
110.9
101.3
100.2
100.1
100.1
100.0
100.0

89.6
90.1
93.0
94.6
96.3
97.6
100.0

Rela­
Rela­ tive
rate
tive
of
rate of wages
wages per
per week,
hour. full
time.
79.4
87.7
90.2
92.0
95.8
97.4
100.0

88.1
88.8
90.4
92.1
95.9
97.4
100.0

Printing trades: Newspaper.

Printing trades: Book and job—Concld.
Pressmen, cylinder
presses.

Press feeders.

Compositors, daywork.
100. 5
100.5
100.5
100.5
100.4
100.0
100.0

88.7
89.0
90.3
92.4
95.2
97.9
100.0

89.1
89.4
90.8
92.9
95.6
97.9
100.0

Compositors, nightwork.
100.2
100.2
100.2
100.2
100.2
100.1
100.0

92.7
92.7
93.6
95.2
96.8
98.3
100.0

92.9
92.9
93.8
95.4
97.0
98.4
100.0

Printing trades: Newspaper—Continued.
Linotype operators,
laywork.
d
1907...................
1908...................
1909...................
1910...................
1911...................
1912...................
1913...................

Linotype operators,
nightwork.

100.5
100.5
100.5
100.5
100.4
100.1
100.0

100.4
100.4
100.4
100.4
100.4
100.1
100.0

90.3
92.4
92.9
94.9
96.5
98.1
100.0

90.8
92.9
93.4
95.4
96.9
98.2
100.0

93.1
94.1
94.6
96.2
96.9
98.6
100.0

93.5
94.5
95.0
96.6
97.3
98.7
100.0

Machine tenders,
daywork.

100.0
100.0

98.5
100.0

98.5
100.0

Machine tenders,
nightwork.

100.0
100.0

99.4
100.0

99.4
100.0

Printing trades: Newspaper—Concluded.
Pressmen, web
presses, daywork.
1907...................
1908...................
1909...................
1910...................
1911...................
1912...................
1913...................

101.5
100.6
100.2
100.2
100.2
100.0
100.0




87.5
89.3
90.8
94.8
95.9
98.1
100.0

88.8
89.8
91.0
95.0
96.1
98.1
100.0

Pressmen, web
presses, nightwork.
101.6
100.9
100.4
100.1
100.0
100.1
100.0

89.8
91.3
92.5
95.8
96.6
97.9
100.0

91.2
92.1
92.9
95.9
96.6
98.0
100.0

Stereotypers, daywork.
101.6
101.3
101.3
100.3
100.1
99.9
100.0

86.8
89.3
90.1
92.3
93.0
94.7
100.0

88.2
90.5
91.3
92.6
93.1
94.6
100.0

Stereotypers, nightwork.
101.6
ipi.4
101.4
100.2
100.0
100.0
100.0

86.7
89.3
90.3
92.5
93.1
94.5
100.0

88.1
90.6
91.6
92.7
93.1
94.5
100.0

14
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913.
ATLANTA, GA.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

May 15, 1913.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

53
54

$0.4500
.3500

54
54
54
54
48
48
53
53
53

.5500
.4000
.3889
.2222
.6250
.2500
.3393
.4500
.4528

49£
49*
54
54
48
48
53
53
53

. 7250
.4500
. 4444
.2222
.6250
.2500
.3396
.4500
.4528

53
54
54
54
54
53
53
53
48
48
48

.3396
.4000
.3800
.3600
.3500
.4528
.2264
.4500
. 5625
.5625
.3000

53
54
54
54
54
53
53
53
44
44
44

.3396
.4000
.3800
.3600
.3500
.4528
.2264
.4500
.6250
.6250
.3150

45
45
45
48

.4125
.4750
.4750
.5000

45
45
45
48

.4125
.4750
.4750
.5000

54
54
54
54
54

.3500
.3500
.3900
.3900
.4100

54
54
54
54
54

.3750
.3500
.3900
.4100
.4100

54
54
54
54
54
54
60

.3900
.3900
.3500
.3900
.3950
.3900
.3000

54
54
54
54
54
54
60

.4000
.3900
.3500
.3900
.4100
.4100
.3000

60
54
54
54
54

.3500
.3800
.4000
.3900
.3900

60
54
54
54
54

.3500
.4000
.4100
.4000
.4100

60
60
54

.3500
.2750
.3750

60
60
54

.3500
.2750
.3750

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.3750
.3438
.3750
.3125
.4583
.4375
.1771
.1458

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.3750
. 3438
.3750
.3125
.4583
.4375
.1771
.1458

48
48

.3125
.3750

48
48

.3125
.3750

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Building trades.
Carpenters.................................................................................
Engineers, hoisting and portable:
Boom derrick.....................................................................
Hoist...................................................................................
Tn.sido wiremp.n_________________
______ . . . . . . .
Tnsidft wirpm fin's hplpprs.
___
Mftrhi a mi tlp.rs find ppsttfirs.. .
.,
.
Marble cutters and setters7helpers.........................................
Painters.................................................................................
Plasterers..................................................................................
Plumbers and gas fitters.........................................................
Sheet-metal workers:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops, road C ......................................................
Railroad shops, road E ......................................................
_ r
.
Railroad shops, roar! "R_
Railroad shops, road A ....................................................
Steam fitters............................................................................
Steam fitters' helpers............................................................
Stonemasons............................................................................
Structural ironworkers..........................................................
Structural ironworkers, finishers.................................
Structural ironworkers, finishers’ helpers.............................
Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters:
Inside men................................................................
Machine men....................................................................
Ou tside m en................................
.....
Stonecutters..............................................................................
Metal trades.
Blacksmiths
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops, road E ......................................................
Railroad shops, road D ....................................................
Railroad shops, road B ....................................................
Railroad shops, road A .................................................
Boiler makers:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Manufacturing shops........................................................
Manufacturing shops.......................................................
Railroad shops, road C .....................................
Railroad shops, road A .....................................................
Railroad shops, road B .....................................................
Core makers..............................................................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops, road E .....................................................
Railroad shops, road F ......................................................
Railroad shops, road A ..................................................
Railroad shops, road B ......................................................
Molders:
Iron.....................................................................................
Brass...................................................................................
Pattern makers, wood..............................................................
Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders..............................................................................
Compositors...............................................................................
Compositors (makers-up and stonemen)..............................
Electrotypers, floor m en........................................................
Electrotypers, molders and finishers......................................
Linotype operators...................................................................
Press feeders, cylinder...........................................................
Press feeders, platen.................................................................
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operating 1 press................................................................
Operating 2 presses............................................................




53
50

$0.4500
.4000

15

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.
T a b le

I . — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.

ATLANTA, GA.—Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
Lour.

May 15,1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Printing trades, book andjob—Concluded.
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 1 press...............................................................
Operating 2 presses....................... ....................................
Operating 3 or more presses.............................................
Stereotypers..............................................................................

48
48
48
48

$0.2917
.3125
.3438
.4063

48
48
48
48

$0.2917
.3125

.4375
a. 1000
.5208
. 5729

48
48
48
48
48
48

.4375
.5000
1.0850
1.1000
.5208
.5729

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

. 5000
. 5000
. 4375
.4375
.3750
.3750
.4375
.4688

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.5000
.5000
.4375
.4375
.4375
. 4375
.4375
. 4688

72
60

$0.1944
.3333

72
60

$0.1944
.3500

72
60
60

.1667
.2833
.2167

72
60
60

.1667
.3000
.2333

■45
48
48
s45
48
48
48
48
48
44
48
48
48
48
*45
48
48
48

.6250
.4375
.4375
.3125
.4375
.1875
.6250
.2813
.3750
.6250
.5000
.4000
.5000
.2813
. 5625
. 5625
.3125
.5000

2 45
48
48
2 45
48
48
48
48
48
44
48
48
48
48
2 45
44
44
48

.6250
.4375
.4375
.3125
.4375
.1875
.6250
.3125
.3750
.6250
.5000
.4000
.5000
.2813
.5625
.5625
.3500
.5000

.3438

.4063

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork................................... ....... ...............
Compositors, nightwork...........................................................
Linotype operators, daywork.................................................
Linotype operators, nightwork................................ ..............
Machine tenders, daywork.................................................... .
Machine tenders, nightwork............... ................................. j
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork................................................ |
Head pressmen, nightwork...............................................I
Tension men, daywork.................................................... i
Tension men, nightwork.................................................. i
Oilers, platers, and floor men, daywork....... ................ 1
Oilers, platers, and floor men, nightwork..... ................. •
Stereotypers, daywork.............................................................
Stereotypers, nightwork..........................................................

48
48
48
48
48
48

.5000
1.0850

BALTIMORE, MD,
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
German union..................................
Hebrew union..................................
Bakers, second hands:
German union..................................
Hebrew union...................................
Bakers, third hands: Hebrew union___
Building trades.
Bricklayers................................................. .
Carpenters.....................................................
Engineers, hoisting and portable............
Hod carriers................................................ .
Inside wiremen............................................
Inside wiremen’s helpers.............................
Marble cutters and setters...........................
Marble cutters and setters' helpers............
Painters........................................................
Plasterers......................................................
Plumbers and gas fitters.............................
Sheet-metal workers, shopmen..................
Steam fitters.......................................... ......
Steam fitters’ helpers...................................
Stonemasons.................................................
Structural iron workers...............................
Structural iron workers, finishers’ helpers.
Tile layers.....................................................
Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters:
Inside men...
Outside men.
Stonecutters.......

44
44
44^

.5000
.5625
.5000

1 Per 1,000 ems, nonpareil.
244 hours, January to March and November and December.




44
44
44§

.5000
.5625
.5000

16
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I .—UNION SCALE OF AVAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY^ TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BALTIMORE, MD.—Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

Metal trades.
Boilermakers:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Outside men......................................................................
Boilermakers’ helpers:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Outside men......................................................................
Core makers...............................................................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Outside men.......................................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Molders, iron.............................................................................
Pattern makers.........................................................................
Millwork.
Carpenters.................................................................................

May 15, 1913.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

54
48

$0.3056
.5000

54
48

SO.3056
.5000

54
48
54

.2222
.3750
.3333

54
48
54

.2222
.3750
. 3333

54
48
60
54
50

.3333
.3750
.2860
.3611
.3889

54
48
60
54
50

.3333
.3750
.2860
.3611
.3889

54

.3056

54

.3056

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Forwarders, general work.................................................
Forwarders, finishers, and rulers, printed and blank
w ork...............................................................................
Compositors:
English...............................................................................
German...............................................................................
Electrotypers:
Battery men and builders..................................................
Finishers.............................................................................
Molders...............................................................................
Linotype operators: English...................................................
Pressfeeders:
Cylinder presses.................................................................
Platen presses.....................................................................
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operating 2 single or 1 double press................................
Operating 1 or 2 single cylinders, 1 double cylinder, 1
cylinder and 2 platen or 1 magazine press...................
Pressmen, platen:
Operating 1 to 3 presses....................................................
Operating 4 or 5 presses....................................................

48

.3125

48

.3125

48

.3750

48

.3750

48
48

.3750
.3125

48
48

. 3750
.3125

48
48
48
48

.2917
.4167
.4375
.4688

48
48
48
48

.2917
.4167
.4375
.4688

48
48

.2292
.1563

48
48

.2500
.1771

48

.4375

48

.4375

48

.3750

48

.3958

48
48

.2500
.3125

48
48

.2708
.3333

42
48

.5000
.3125

42
48

.5000
.3125

42
40
42

.5143
.4375
.5357

42
40
42

.5143
.4375
. 5357

42
40

.5714 i
.4375

42
40

.5714
.4375

48
48
48

.5000
.3750 |
.3438 !

48
48
48

.5000
. 3750
.3438

48
45

.4375 1
.4667 j

48
45

. 4688
.5000

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork:
English...............................................................................
German...............................................................................
Compositors, nightwork:
English...............................................................................
German...............................................................................
Linotype operators, daywork: English..................................
Linotype operators, nightwork:
English...............................................................................
German...............................................................................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork.................................................
First assistants, daywork.................................................
Second assistants, daywork..............................................
Stereotypers:
Daywork............................................................................
N ightwork........................................................................




VISION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1913.

17

T a b l e I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY" 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BIRMINGHAM, ALA.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

Building trades.
Bricklayers..................
Bricklayers (blast furnace work)............................................
Carpenters..............................................................................
Cement workers, finishers.......................................................
Cement workers, helpers.........................................................
Engineers, hoisting and portable:
Hoist..................................................................................
Boom derrick.....................................................................
Inside wiremen.........................................................................
Painters.....................................................................................

Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

j

May 15, 1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

i 44
54
48

$0.6250
.5000
.4500

i 44
54
48
48
48

$0.7000
.5000
. 5250
.5000
.3500

Structural ironworkers............................................................

48
48
44
48
44
44
44
44
54
44
44
48

. 5000
.5000
.5625
. 4500
. 6250
. 2500
.6875
.5000
.3700
.6875
.2188
.5625

48
48
44
48
44
44
44
44
54
44
44
44

,5625
. 6250
. 6250
. 4500
. 6250
.3000
.6875
.5500
.3800
.6875
.2188
.6250

Granite stone trades.
Stonecutters........................................................

44

. 5000

44

. 5000

60
54

.3900
.3900

60
54

.3900
.4100

60
60
54
54
54
60
60

.3750
.3750
.4000
.4000
.4000
.4000
.3750

60
60
54
54
54
60
60

.4000
.3750
. 4100
. 4350
. 4000
.4000
.3900

60
54
54
60
60
60
60

.3250
.4000
.3900
.3700
.3000
.3000
.3500

60
54
54
60
54
54
54

.3500
. 4100
.3900
.3750
.3611
.3611
.4167

48
48
48
48

.3750
.3750
.3750
.4063

48
48
48
48

.3750
.4375
.4167
.4063

48
48
42

.5417
.5000
.5250

48
48
42

•5417
.5000
.5250

48
48
48
48

.5000
.4583
.4063
.3333

48
48
48
48

.5000
.4583
.4063
.3333

48
48
48
48
48

.4167
.3958
.3542
.3333
.3125

48
48
48
48
48

. 4167
.3958
. 3542
.3333
.3125

Plasterers _.........,, .

Plasterers’ laborers.................................................
Plumbers and gas fitters.....................................................
Sheet-metal workers, manufacturing shops........................
Sheet-metal workers, railroad shops..................................
Steam fitters........................................................................
Stea.m fitters’ helpers_
_

Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops.................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Boiler makers:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Blast furnace work.........................................................
Railroad shops, road E .....................................................
Railroad shops, road D .....................................................
Railroad shops, road B ..................................................
Railroad shops, road C ......................................................
Railroad shops, road A ............
........................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops.......................................................
Railroad shops, roads C, D, and E ...............................
Railroad shops, road B ....................................................
Railroad shops, road A ......................................................
Core makers..............................................................................
Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and machine............................
Pattern makers, wood............................................................
Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Cutters and forwarders......................................................
Finishers............................................................................
Rulers.................................................................................
Compositors..............................................................................
Electrotypers:
Finishers...........................................................................
Molders.............................................................................
Linotype operators..................................................................
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operating 2 or more cylinder or other presses (foremen)..
Operating 1 cylinder—1 or more platen presses (foremen)
Operating 2 presses...........................................................
Operating 1 press............................... ...............................
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 10 or more presses............................................
Operating 7 to 9 presses....................................................
Operating 4 to 6 presses....................................................
Operating 3 presses............................................................
Operating 1 or 2 presses....................................................

1 48 hours, January to April and October to December.

33136°— Bull. 143—14------ 2




18

BULLETIN OF T H E

BUREAU

OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BIRMINGHAM, ALA,—Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

Hours of
labor per
week.

May 15, 1913.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

42
42
48
48
48
42
42

$0.5250
.5750
.5250
.5250
1.1000
.5250
.5750

42
42
48
48
48
42
42

$0.5250
.5750
.5250
1.0900
1.1000
.5250
.5750

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.7292
.6250
.6250
.6250
.5000
.5000
.5000
.5000
.3438
.3438
.3438
.3438

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.7292
.6250
.6250
.6250
.5000
.5000
.5000
.5000
.3438
.3438
.3438
.3438

48
48

.4167
.4167

48
48

.4375
. 4375

60
54
60

$0.3000
.4444
.3000

60
51
60

$0.3000
.4706
.3000

60
54
60

.2333
.3704
.2667

60
51
60

.2667
. 3922
.2607

54
60

.3333
.2500

51
60

. 3529
. 2500

44
44
44
48
48
44
44
44
44
48
44
44
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
41

.6000
.7000
.4775
.6000
.3750
.3500
.5455
. 3500
.5500
.5000
.3000
.3000
.5500
.5000
.3000
.4550
.5000
.5500
.6500
.4000
.4000

44
44
44
48
48
44
44
44
44
48
44
44
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

.6500
.7000
.5000
.6250
. 4500
.3500
.5682
.3500
. 5500
.5000
.3000
.3000
.6000
.5625
.3000
. 5000
. 5000
. 5500
. 6500
. 4150
.4000

44
44

.5000
.6000

44
44

.5000
.6000

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork. ...........................................................
Compositors, nightwork......................................................
Linotype operators, daywork..................................................
Linotype operators, daywork..................................................
Linotype operators, nightwork..............................................
Machine tenders, daywork......................................................
Machine tenders, nightwork....................................................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork (weekly paper)......................
Head pressmen, daywork.................................................
Head pressmen, nightwork (weekly paper)...................i
Head pressmen, nightwork.............................................. I
Pressmen, daywork (weekly paper)................................I
Pressmen, daywork...........................................................1
Pressmen, nightwork (weekly paper) .............................:
Pressmen, nightwork........................................................ 1
Assistant pressmen, daywork (weekly paper)...............
Assistant pressmen, daywork...........................................;
Assistant pressmen, nightwork (weekly paper)............
Assistant pressmen, nightwork........................................
Stereotypers:
!
Daywork................ .......................................................... 1
Nightwork..........................................................................

BOSTON, MASS.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
German union...................................................................
Hebrew union.................................................................... I
Mixed union.......................................................................
Bakers, second hands:
German union....................................................................
Hebrew union....................................................................
Mixed union......................................................................
Bakers, third hands:
Hebrew union....................................................................
Mixed union.......................................................................
Building trades.
Bricklayers...............................................................................
Bricklayers, sewer work..........................................................
Cement workers, finishers.......................................................
Cement workers, helpers........................... ..............................
Cement workers, laborers........................................................
Engineers, portable and hoisting............................................
Hod carriers..............................................................................
Inside wiremen.........................................................................
Inside wiremen, fixture work.................................................
Inside wiremen, helpers........... .............................................. !
Laborers, excavating................................................................
Lathers......................................................................................
Marble setters........................................................................... i
Marble setters, helpers.............................................................
Painters, union A ..................................................................... I
Painters, union B ..................................................................... !
Painters, fresco, union B ......................................................... :
Plasterers..................................................................................
Plasterers’ tenders, English uniou.........................................
Plasterers’ tenders, Italian union..........................................
Plumbers and gas fitters:
Gas fitters.................... ..................................................... !
Plumbers........................................................................... !




* Per 1,000 ems, nonpareil.

U NIO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.

19

T able T.— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BOSTON, MASS.—Continued.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

May 15, 1913.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

44
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

$0.5250

$0.5500

. 5625
.4200
.6250

44
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

14
44

. 4438
. 4500

44
44

.4563
.4750

44
44

.5000
.6000

44
44

. 5625
.6500

54
48

. 3056
.5313

54
48

. 3056

48
54
54
54
54
54

.2500

48
54
54
54
54
54

.2500
. 2222
. 3889

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Building trades—Concluded.
Sheet-metal workers.................................................................
__________________ .
Sprinkler Attars
Steam fitters.............................................................................
Steam fitters, helpers, union A ...............................................
Steam fitters, helpers, nnion B
..............................
Stonemasons...........................................................................

.3750
.5000
. 2813
. 2500
. 6000

.5000
.5000

.2813
.2500
.6500
.6250
.4500
.6875

Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters:
Inside men..........................................................................
Outside men.......................................... ...........................
Stonecutters:
Inside men.........................................................................
Outside men.......................................................................
Metal trades.
Boiler makers:
Manufacturing and railroad shops ......................
Outside men.......................................................................
Boiler makers’ helpers:
Outside men.......................................................................
Manufacturing and railroad shops, helpers......................
Core makers..............................................................................
Foundry laborers.....................................................................
Foundry laborers, casting chippers........................................
Foundry laborers, melters.....................................................
Machinists:
All-round men, shops A ....................................................
All-round men, shops B ....................................................
All-round men, shops C__
.
....................
Tool makers, snops A .......................................................
Tool makers, shops B .......................................................
Machinists:
Specialists, shops A .................... ......................................
Specialists, shops B ...........................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Holders, ir o n .......................................... ................................
Holders' helpers.......................................................................
Pattern makers........................................................................
Millwork.
............................................... ...........................

Carpenters

.2222
.3333
.2037
.2500
.3611

50
54
54

.3889

54

.4200

.5313

.2407
. 2778
.3889
.4200

.4444

50
54
48
50
54

.4375
.4800
.4444

54
54
54
54
54

. 3333
. 2850
.3611
.2037
.4000

50
54
54
54
54
54

.3600
.3333
. 2850
.3889
.2593
. 4500

48

.4300

48

.4500

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

.3750
.4167
.4375
.5000
.4167
.3750
'.4167
.4375
.3750
.3125
.4583
.4167

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.3750
.4167
.4375
.5000
.4167
. 3750
.4167
.4375
. 3750
. 3125
.4583
.4167

48
48
48
48
48

.4167
.5000
.4583
.4583
.3125

48
48
48
48
48

. 4583
.4583
.3125

48
48
48
48

.5938
.4583
.3958
.3542

48
48
48
48

.5938
.4583
.3958
.3542

. 3889

.3889

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Cutters, leather, cloth, sample, sheet stock.....................
Cutters, label......................................................................
Cutters, duplex..................................................................
Finishers, extra printed work............... ............ .............
Finishers, blank................................................................
Forwarders, stock blank...................................................
Forwarders, job blank ..
Forwarders, printed work.............
....................
Rulers, first-class, union A .................
..................
Rulers, second-class, union A ..........................................
Rulers, union B .................................................................
Compositors..............................................................................
Electrotypers:
Battery men and builders................................................
Holders and finishers.......................................................
Linotype operators..................................................................
Machine tenders.......................................................................
Pressfeeders, cylinder presses...
.
. . . .
Pressmen:
Cylinder and rotary press.................................................
Cylinder, 1 or 2 presses......................................................
Platen, job presses............................................................
Platen. 1 or 2 presses.........................................................




48
48
48

. 4167
. 5000

20
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I . — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BOSTON, MASS.—Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Printing trades, news'pa'per.
Compositors:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork.........................................................................
Nightwork (lobster shift)..................................................
Linotype operators:
Daywork.............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Nightwork (lobster shift).................................................
Machine tenders:
Davwork.............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Nightwork (lobster shift)..................................................
Pressmen, web presses:
Brakemen, daywork..........................................................
Brakemen, nightwork.......................................................
Head pressmen, daywork.................................................
Head pressmen, nightwork...............................................
Tensionmen, oilers, and platers, daywork......................
Tensionmen, oilers, and platers, nightwork....................
Stereotypers:
Daywork.............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................

May 15,1913.

Rate of
Hours of
wages per labor per
week.
hour.

Rate <f
wages per
hour.

42
42
42

$0.6300
.6700
.7200

42
42
42

$0.6300
.6700
.7200

42
42
42'

.6300
.6700
.7200

42
42
42

.6300
.6700
.7200

42
42
42

.6300
.6700
.7200

42
42
42

.6300
. 6700
.7200

42
36
42
36
42
36

.5571
.6500
.5929
.6917
.4929
.5750

42
36
42
36
42
36

.5571
. 6500
. 5929
.6917
.4929
.5750

42
36

.5714
.6667

42
36

.5952
.6944

$0.3000
.3333

60
54
60

$0.3167
.3519
.3000

.2667

60
54
60

.2833
.3148
.2500

60

.2167

48
48

.6500
.5000
.5000

BUFFALO, N. Y.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
German union, oven men, daywork___
German union, oven men, nightwork...
Polish union, oven men......................... .
Bakers, second hands:
German union, bench men, daywork....
German union, bench men, nightwork.
Polish union, bench men....................... .
Bakers, third hands:
Polish union, assistant bench men.
Building trades.
Bricklayers.................................................
Carpenters......................................................
Cement workers, finishers.............................
Engineers, portable and hoisting:
Hoist........................................................
Boom derrick..........................................
Hod carriers:
Italian un ion...........................................
Polish union .........................................
Inside wiremen..............................................
Inside wiremen, fixture fitters......................
Laborers:
Italian un ion .......................................... .
Polish union............................................
Marble setters.................................................
Painters..........................................................
Plasterers..................................... ................. .
Plumbers................................ .......................
Sheet-metal workers......................................
Steam fitters.............................. ...................
Stonemasons..................................................
Structural ironworkers................................ .
Structural ironworkers, finishers.................
Tile layers.......................................................
Tile layers7helpers........................................ .

.6000
.5000
.4500

.5000
.5625

.5000
.5625
.2500
.4000
.4500

48

.2500
.2500
.4500
.4500

.5625
.4375
.5500
.5000
.4000
.5000
.5500
.6000
.6000
.5000

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.2250
.2250
.6250
.4375
.6000
.5625
.4500
.5625
. 5500
.6000
.6000
. 5625
.2188

.4375
.5313
.5625

44
44
48

.4375
.5313
.5625

.2250

Granite and stone trad«<
?.
Granite cutters:
Inside men...
Machinemen.
Stonecutters.......




48

21

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.
T a b le

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BUFFALO, N. Y.—Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

Metal trades.
Blacksmiths..............................................................................
Blacksmiths’ helpers.................... ...........................................
Boiler makers:
Inside men..........................................................................
Outside men.......................................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Core makers...............................................................................
Machinists:
All-round men...................................................................
Tool and die makers..........................................................
Outside men.......................................................................
Holders, iron and brass............................................................
Pattern makers, wood:
Jobbing shops......................................................... ..........
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Millwork.
Carpenters.................................................................................
Painters, hardwood finishers...................................................
Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Cutters................................................................................
Finishers.............................................................................
Forwarders, grade A .........................................................
Forwarders, grade B .........................................................
Folding-machine operators...............................................
Rulers.................................................................................
Compositors:
English u n ion ...................................................................
German union...................................................................
Electrotypers:
Battery men and builders................................................
Finishers............................................................................
Molders...............................................................................
Linotype operators...................................................................
Press feeders:
Cylinder press....................................................................
Platen press....................................................................
Pressmen:
Cylinder presses, operating 1 or 2 presses........................
Platen presses......................... ..........................................
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
English, daywork..............................................................
English, nightwork................................................... .......
German, daywork..............................................................
Linotype operators:
English, daywork..............................................................
English, nightwork............................................................
German, daywork.............................................................
German, nightwork...........................................................
Machine tenders, daywork and nightwork...........................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork.................................................
Head pressmen, nightwork...............................................
Tension men, daywork.....................................................
Tension men, nightwork...................................................
Oilers, platers, and brakemen, daywork.........................
Oilers, platers, and brakemen, nightwork.. . . ..............
Floor men, daywork.........................................................
Floor men, nightwork......................................................
Stereotypers:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork...................... ....................................... ..........




Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

May 15, 1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

54
54

$0.3333
.2222

54
54

$0.4000
.2500

54
54
54
60

.3600
.4167
.3500
.2750

54
54
54
54

.3600
.4167
.3500
.3333

54
54
48
60

.3333
.3750
.4000
.3000

54
54
48
54

.3750
.4000
.5000
.3611

54
55

.4750
.4000

54
55 :

.4750
.4000

49J
54

.3000
.3333

49J
54

.3000
.3333

48
48
48
48
48
48

.3333
.3958
.3958
.3333
.3750
.3750

48
48
48
48
48
48

.3542
.4167
.3958
.3542
.3750
.3958

48
48

.3958
.3750

48
48

.3958
.3958

48
48
48
48

.3750
.4375
.4375
.5000

48
48
48
48

.3750
.4375
.4375
.5000

48
48

.2500
.1875

48
48

.2708
.2083

48
48

.3854
.2917

48
48

.3854
.2917

48
48
48

.5000
.5625
.3750

48
48
48

.5000
.5625
.3958

48
48
48
48
48

.5000
.5625
.3750
.4167
.5833

48
48
48
48
48

.5000
.5625
.3958
.4375
.5833

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.5000
.5000
.3542
.3542
.3333
.3333
.2500
.2500

48
42
48
42
48
42
48
42

.5000
.5714
.3750
.4286
.3542
. 4048
. 2500
.2857

48
45

.3750
.4000

48
45

.4063
.4333

BULLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

22
T able

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.

I .—

CHARLESTON, S. C.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Building trades.
Bricklayers.......................
Carpenters........................
Inside wiremen................
Inside wiremen’s helpers.
Painters............................
Painters, fresco................
Plasterers.........................
Sheet-metal workers........

Rate of
wages per
hour.

May 15,1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

S . 4075
O
.3396

53

Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters.......................................

Rate of
wages per
hour.

S . 4075
O
.3396
.3333
.1667
.2500
.5000
.4075

2500
5000
4075

48

•4500

Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops..... ................
Railroad shops................................
Boiler makers:
Manufacturing shops......................
Railroad shops...............................
Boiler makers’ helpers, railroad shops.
Machinists, railroad shops....................

.3600
.3900
.3611
.3900
.3900

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork...................................................
Nightwork................................................
Linotype operators:
Daywork....................................................
Nightwork.................................................
Machine tenders, nightwork...........................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen.........................................
Assistant pressmen...................................

.3611
.4100
.2300
.4200

.3333
.3646

Printing trades, book and job.
Compositors.....................................................
Pressmen, cylinder, operating 1 or 2 presses.
Pressmen, platen:
Operating 1 or 2 presses............................
Operating 3 or 4 presses............................

.3600
.4050

.3333
.3646
48

.2083
.3125

.3333
.3333

.3333
.3333

1.1000
1 .1100

i . 1000
i.1100

.8333

.8333

48

.2917

54
54
54
54
48
48
54
54
54
54
54

$0.3519
.3889
.3704
.3889
.4167
.4375
.4259
.2963
.3148
.3519
.3889

54
54
54
54
48
48
51
54
54
54
54

$0.3519
.3889
.3704
.4074
.4167
.4583
.4902
.3889
.3889
.3519
.3889

54
54
54
54
48
48
54
54
54
54
54

.3148
.3519
.3333
.3519
. 3750
.3958
.3889
.2593
.2778
.3148
.3519

54
54
54
54
48
48
51
54
54
54
54

.3148
.3519
.3333
.3704
.3750
.4167
.4314
.3519
.3519
.3148
.3519

.2917

CHICAGO, ILL.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
Bohemian union, hand bakeries, daywork...............
Bohemian union, hand bakeries, nightwork............
German union, hand bakeries, daywork....................
German union, hand bakeries, nightwork.................
German union, machine bakeries, daywork...............
German union, machine bakeries, nightwork............
Hebrew union, hand bakeries, nightwork.................
Polish union, hand bakeries, daywork.......................
Polish union, hand bakeries, nightwork....................
Scandinavian union, hand bakeries, daywork..........
Scandinavian union, hand bakeries, nightwork........
Bakers, second hands:
Bohemian union, hand bakeries, daywork...............
Bohemian union, hand bakeries, nightwork............
German union, hand bakeries, daywork...................
German union, hand bakeries, nightwork.................
German union, machine bakeries, daywork..............
German union, machine bakeries, nightwork............
Hebrew union, hand bakeries, nightwork.................
Polish union, hand bakeries, daywork.......................
Polish union, hand bakeries, nightwork....................
Scandinavian union, hand bakeries, daywork..........
Scandinavian union, hand bakeries, nightwork.............




i Per 1,000 ems, nonpareil.

23

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.

T able I . — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
CHICAGO, ILL.—Continued.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

May 15, 1913.

Hours of
Kate of
labor per wages per
hour.
week.

Rate of
Hours of
labor per wages per
hour.
week.

Bakery trades—Concluded.
Bakers, third hands:
Bonemian union, hand bakeries, daywork....................
Bohemian union, hand bakeries, nightwork..................
German union, hand bakeries, daywork.........................
German union, hand bakeries, nightwork......................
German union, machine bakeries, daywork.. „ ..............
German union, machine bakeries, nightwork...............

$0.2778
.3148
.2778
.3148
.3125
.3542
.3922
.3148
.3148
.2778
.3148

54
54
54
54
48
48
54
54
54
54
54

$0.2778
.3148
.2778
.2963
.3125
.3333
.3519
.2222
.2407
.2778
.3148

54
54
54
54
48
48
51
54
54
54
54

44
44
44
44
44
1 49|
44
44
44
44
44
44
48

.7250
.7500
1.2500
.6500
.6500
.3900
.6250
.4750
.3750
. 7250
.4500
.7500
.6250

44
44
44
44
44
1 49|
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

. 7500
.7500
1.2500
.6500
.6500
.4000
.6500
.5000
.4000
.7500
.4800
.7500
.6875

44
44
44
44
44
44
44

.3750
. 5250
.4750
.7188
.6875
.4063
.6000

44

.6000

44
44
44

.7500
.4500
.6875

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

.4000
.5750
.5000
.7188
.6875
.4063
.6500
.5000
.6500
.6250
.7500
.4800
.7500

44
54
44
44
44
44
44
2 48
44
44
44

.6250
.4000
.7344
.3750
.7188
.3750
.7250
.6800
.6250
.7500
.4375

44
54
44
44
44
44
44
2 48
44
44
44

.6500
.4500
.7344
.3750
.7500
.4000
.7500
.6800
.6750
.7500
.4375

Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters:
44
.5625
48
Inside men .
.
..................................................
44
.5625
44
Outside men.................................................... .................
44
.6250
44
Stonecutters.............................................................................
1 54 hours, October to March.
2 44 hours, December to March.

.6250
.6250
.6250

Hebrew n n inn, T and b a,Irenes daywork . . . . r
i
Polish n ni on, nand bak^ri^s* nay work. .......................

Polish union, hand bakeries, nightwork.........................
Scandinavian union, hand bakeries, daywork................
Scandinavian union, hand bakeries, nightwork............
Building trades.
Bricklayers................................................................................
Bricklayers, fireproofing...........................................................
Bricklayers, sewer and caisson work......................................
Carpenters.................................................................................
Carpenters, stair builders........................... ...........................
Carpenters, cabinetmakers.......................................................
Cement workers, finishers........................................................
Cement workers7helpers..........................................................
Cement workers’ laborers......................................................
Engineers, hoisting and portable............................................
Hod carriers..............................................................................
Inside wiremen.........................................................................
Inside wiremen, fixture hangers.............................................
Laborers, building:
Excavators and wheelbarrow men..................................
Tunnel, well, and caisson work........................................
Tunnel, well, and caisson work (nigger-heads)..............
Lathers......................................................................................
Marble setters............................................................................
Marble setters’ helpers.............................................................
Painters, union A .....................................................................
Painters, union B .....................................................................
Painters,fresco, union A . . ...................................................
Painters, fresco, union B .................... ..................................
Plasterers..................................................................................
Plasterers’ laborers.
.........................................................
Plumbers and gas fitters..........................................................
Sheet-metal workers:
Outside men................. ....................................................
Shopmen.............................................................................
Sprinkler fitters
.........................................................
Sprinkler fitters’ helpers.................................. ......................
Steam fitters.. .
..............................................................
Steam fitters’ helpers................................................................
Stonemasons............................................................................
Structural ironworkers............................................................
Structural ironworkers (architectural w o rk )........................
Tile layers.................................................................................
Tile layers’ helpers . .
......................................................




24

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
CHICAGO, ILL.—Continued.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Outside men................................... —
Manufacturing shops.................... .......
Railroad shops.......................................
Hammersmiths, manufacturing shops.
Hammersmiths, railroad shops............
Blacksmiths’ helpers:
Outside men..........................................
Manufacturing shops.............................
Railroad shops.......................................
Boiler makers:
Outside men..........................................
Manufacturing shops.............................
Boiler makers’ helpers:
Outside men..........................................
Manufacturing shops...... ......................
Core makers..................................................
Machinists:
Tool and die makers.............................
Railroad shops and terminals..............
All-round men and specialists..............
Outside men..........................................
Machinists’ helpers, outside men...............
Molders, iron.................................................
Pattern makers:
Jobbing shops........................................
Manufacturing shops.............................

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Casers-in.............................................................................
Cutters and operators on casing-in machines..................
Cutters, in charge of stock and cutting machines............
Forwarders, finishers, case makers, and operators on
case-making machines, union A ...................................
Forwarders, finishers, and case makers, union B ..........
Rulers.................................................................................
Compositors:
English union.....................................................................
Bohemian union................................................................
German union....................................................................
Norwegian-Danish union..................................................
Polish union.......................................................................
Electrotypers:
Molders...............................................................................
Finishers.............................................................................
Casters, builders, backt-x: baitery men, and trimmer
hands............................................................................
Linotype operators:
English union....................................................................
Bohemian union................................................................
German union...................................................................
Pressfeeders:
Cylinder presses.................................................................
Pony presses, less than 25 by 38.......................................
Press assistants, rotary presses or cylinder presses (pat­
ent insides).................................................................... .
Colt and Universal presses.............................................. .
Platen presses.................................................................. .
Press assistants, platen presses....................................... .
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operating 1 rotary, 3 or more color, or 2-color rotary or
double-roll rotary presses............................................. .
Operating Cox duplex or Goss flat-bed or 3-color process
work or double-cylinder sheet-feed rotary presses___
Operating single-roll rotary press................................... .
Operating 2 single or 1 double or 3 patent-inside blanket
presses............................................................................




Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

144
249
2 49
2 49
2 49

$0.6875
.4000
.3800
.5500
.5000

1 44
2 49
2 49
2 49
249

$0.6875
.4000
.4000
.5500
.5250

144
2 49
2 49

.5625
.3000
.2600

144
2 49
249

.5625
.3000
.2700

44
349J

.6250
.4000

44
3 491

.6250
.4000

44

.5000
.3250
.3889

44
3 49£
54

.5000
.3250
.4444

49i
49J
49£
44
44
54

.4500
.3950
.3900

49£

.4375
.3889

m
44
44
54

.4500
.3950
.3900

44
54

.5625
.4750

44
54

.6000
.5000

54
54

Millwork.
Carpenters.........................................
Painters, hardwood finishers..........

148 hours, September to April.

Kate of
wages per
hour.

May 15,1913.

.3500
.3100

54
54

.3600
.3100

48
48
48

.3750
.4063
.4375

48
48
48

.3750
.4063
.4375

48
48
48

v4271
.4003
.4375

48
48
48

.4271
.4063
.4688

48
48
48
48
48

.4688
. 4608
.4688
.4688
.4167

48
48
48
48
48

.4688
.5000
.4688
.4167

48
48

.5208
.4583

48
48

.5417

.5000
. 5C00
.5000

48
36

.5000
.5600
.5000

.3438
.2500

48
48

. 3438
.2500

.3750
.2292
.2188
.3125

48
48

.3750
.2292
.2188
.3125

.5938

48

.5938

3 49i

54

.6688

49i

48

2 54 hours, September to April.

.4375
.4444

.4063

.3750
48
36

.6688

.5729
.5417

.5729
.5417

.5000 I

.5000

354 hours, October to April.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.

25

T able I . — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
CHICAGO, ILL.—Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

May 15, 1913.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

48

$0.5000

48

$0.5000

48
48
48
48

.4375
.4063
. 3750
.3438

48
48
48
48

. 4375
. 4063
.3750
.3438

48
45
48
48
48
48
48

.4608
.6200
.5000
.5500
.4167
. 4688
.6042

48
45
44
48
48
48
48

.4688
.6200
. 5682
.5500
.4167
.4688
.6042

45
48
48
48

.6700
. 5521
.6000
.6458

45
44
48
48

.6700
.6250
.6000
.6458

48
48
48
48
48

1 .5000
.5000
.5000
. 5000
.5000

48
44
48
48
48

1 .5000
.5682
.5000
.5000
.5000

48
48
48

2 .5500
. 5521
.5500

48
44
48
4S

2 .5500
.6250
.5500
.5500

48
48

.6042
. 6458

48
48

.6042
.6458

48
42
48
42
48
42
46J

.5000
.5714
. 4375
. 5000
.4063
. 4643
.5806

48
42
48
42
48
42
48

.5000
.5714
.4375
.5000
.4063
.4643
.5625

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Printing trades, book and job—Concluded.
Pressmen, platen:
Operating 1 sheet-feed rotary or multicolor ticket or 2
Kidder ticket or 2 automatic or one 2-color Harris or 2
single Harris or 1 cylinder press larger than 28 by 42
inches with not more than 3 job presses......... . . . . . . .
Operating 6 presses or 1 cylinder not larger than 28 by 42
inches with not more than 3 job presses.....................
Operating 5 presses or proofers, or 1 job press..............
Operating 4 presses.......................................................... !
Operating 3 or under 3 presses.........................................
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork:
Bohemian union................................................................
English union....................................................................
German union....................................................................
Norwegian-Danish union..................................................
Polish union.......................................................................
Swedish union...................................................................
Make-ups, English union................................................
Compositors, nightwork:
English union..................................................................
German union..................................................................
Norwegian-Danish union...............................................
Make-ups, English union..................................................
Linotype operators, daywork:
.................
English union...................................
German union....................................................................
Norwegian-Danish union..................................................
Polish union.......................................................................
Swedish union...................................................................
Linotype operators, nightwork:
English union....................................................................
German union....................................................................
Norwegian-Danish union..................................................
Swedish union...................................................................
Machine tenders:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Pressmen, web:
Head pressmen, daywork.................................................
Head pressmen, nightwork..............................................
Brakemen and tension men, daywork.............................
Brakemen and tension men, nightwork..........................
Oilers and platers, daywork.............................................
Oilers and platers, nightwork..........................................
StereotyperSj day or nightw ork......................................................

CINCINNATI, OHIO.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
48
$0.3750
54
$0. 2778
Oven men, daywork, hand bakeries..............................
.3148
48
54
.3750
Oven men, nightwork, hand bakeries............................
Oven men and dough mixers, daywork, machine baker­
48
48
.3750
.3750
ies...................................................................................
Bakers, second hands:
.2407
48
.3333
54
Bench hands, daywork, hand bakeries...........................
. 3333
.2778
48
54
Bench hands,nightwork, hand bakeries.........................
48
.3333
.3333
48
Bench hands, daywork, machine bakeries......................
Bakers, third hands:
.2292
.1852
48
54
Daywork, hand bakeries.................................................
.2292
.2037
48
54
Nightwork, hand bakeries...............................................
.2292
.2292
48
48
Daywork, machine bakeries............................................
1 For 3,200 ems per hour; 55 cents for 5,000 emg and $0.0105 for each 100 ems over 5,000 ems.
2 For 3,200 ems per hour; 60 cents for 5,000 ems and $0.0110 for each 100 ems over 5,000 ems.




26

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
CINCINNATI, OHIO—Continued.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Building trades.
Bricklayers................... ........................... .
Bricklayers, sewer work............................
Carpenters. . .................................- ...........
Carpenters, stair builders...........................
Cement workers (finishers)........................
Cement workers’ helpers................. „........ .
Cement workers’ laborers.........................
Engineers, hoisting and portable:
Boom derrick....... ...................... ........
Hoist......... ................. . . ...... ............
Hod carriers...................................- ........... .
Inside wiremen.......................................... .
Inside wiremen’ s helpers, third year.......
Inside wiremen’ s helpers, fourth year----Laborers, building.....................................
Marble setters......................... ......... .......
Marble setters’ helpers...............................
Painters............................ ..........................
Painters, fresco...........................................
Plasterers....................................................
Plasterers’ laborers.....................................
Plumbers and gas fitters...........................
Sheet-metal workers....... . .........................
Steam fitters...............................................
Steam fitters’ helpers........ ........................
Stonemasons...............................................
Structural ironworkers.............................
Structural ironworkers, finishers..............
Structural ironworkers, finishers’ helpers
Tile layers...................................................
Tile layers’ helpers.....................................
Granite and stone trades.
\
Granite cutters:
I
j
Machine m en........................... .........................................!
Outside men.............................................................. ........?
Stonecutters............................. ...........................................
Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops.....................................
Railroad shops, road B .................................
Railroad shops, road D , roundhouse...........
Railroad shops, road C, roundhouse............
Blacksmiths’ helpers:
Manufacturing shops............... ....................
Railroad shops, road B .................................
Railroad shops, road D, roundhouse...........
Railroad shops, road E, roundhouse.......... .
Boiler makers:
Manufacturing shops.....................................
Outside men...................................................
Railroad shops, road C..........................
Railroad shops, road B .................. ..............
Railroad shops, road D .................................
Railroad shops, road F .. . . . . . ......................
Boiler makers’ helpers:
Manufacturing shops.......... ........................
O utside men........................... ......................
Railroad shops, road C ............ ................... .
Railroad shops, road B ................................
Railroad shops, road D .................................
Railroad shops, road F ................................ .
Core makers..........................................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops, all-round men......... .
Manufacturing shops, tool and die makers..
Manufacturing shops, specialists................ .
Breweries...................................................... .
Railroad shops, road C ................................
Railroad shops, road A . . ...................................
Railroad shops, road D ................................




May 15,1913.

Rate of
Hours of
wages per labor per
hour.
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

45
45
441
m

SO. 6500
. 7000
. 5000
. 5250
. 5000
.3000

45
45
44*
44*
45
45
45

$0.6500
.7000
.5000
.5250
.5000
.3000
.2500

48
60
45
44*
441

.6000
. 5000
.4250
.4500
.3200
.3500

.6250
.6250
.4250
.5000
.3700
.4000

60

.2000

44
44
44*
45
44*
44
44*
44*
45
44*
44*
44*
45*
45*

.4500
.5000
.6250
.4500
.5625
. 3750
.5625
.2900
.5400
.6000
.5000
.3250
.6250
.3250

44
44
45
44*
44*
44*
60
44
44
44
44
44*
45
44*
44
44*
44*
45
4'
4|
4
44i
45*
45*

48
48
44^

.5000
.5000
.5625

45
45
44*

.5150
.5625
.5625

60
54
60
54

.2000

60
54
60
54

.2000

.3250
.3400
.3000

60
54
60
54

.1850
.1900
. 1900
.1600

60
54
60
54

.1850

54
48
54
54
60

.4000
.4500
. 4000
. 3550
. 3450
. 3200

54
54
60
60

44*

60

.2000

.6250
.3125
.5000
.5000
.6875
.4500
.6250
.4500
.5625
.2900
.6000
.6000
.5000
.3250
.6250
.3250

.3350
.3500
.3000

.2000
.2000
.1600

.4000
.4500
.4000
.3550
.3450
.3200

54
48
54
54
60
60
54

.2500
.3250

. 3611

48 |
54
54 1
60
60
54

55
55
55
48
54
54
60

.3000
.3500
.2500
.3750
.3900
.3656
.3600

55
55
55
48
54
54
60

.2200
.1900

.2000
.2000

54

|

.2500
.3250
. 2200
.1900
.2000
.2000

.3611
.3000
.3500
. 2500
.3750
.3900
.3656
.3600

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913,

27

T a b l e I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY. BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
CINCINNATI, OHIO—Continued.
May 15, 1912.
Trade*

Hours of
labor per
week.

May 15, 1913.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Machinists—Concluded.

Millwork.
Carpenters................................................................................
Carpenters (cigar-box makers)..........................................
Painters:
Hardwood finishers...........................................................
Hardwood stainers............ ...............................................
Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Finishers, first class................................ ....................... .
Finishers or forwarders, blank work................................
Forwarders, blank work..................................................
Head rulers.......... ............................................................
Rulers, second class..... ...................................................
Cutters, finishing............................................................
Cutters, stock.................................................................
Compositors................................. ..........................................
Electrotypers:
Battery men.....................................................................
Builders................................................................. ..........
Finishers..........................................................................
Holders...............................................................................
Linotype operators:
English union................... ................................ ..............
German union................................................................
Machine tenders.....................................................................
Press feeders:
Automatic presses.............................................................
Cylinder presses............. ...................................................
Pressmen, cylinder:
Operating 1 rotary web press (first position)..................
Operating 1 double o ra 2-color press over 53 inches
Operating 4 bag presses....................................................
Operating 1 rotary web press, second position (process
or label work)..........................................................
Operating 2 single presses over 53 inches................. .
Operating 2 single presses less than 53 inches (process
or label work), or 2 single presses less than 53 inch&s,
or 1 perfecting press, or 1 cylinder and 2 platen
presses..................... ......................................................
Operating 2 single-color Harris presses............................
Operating 1 single-color Harris press...............................
Pressmen, platen:
Operating 5 presses............................................................
Operating 4 presses.............................................. ..........
Operating 3 presses...........................................................
Operating 1 or 2 presses...............................................
Operating 2 automatic presses.........................................
Operating 1 automatic press............................................

Rate of
wages per
hour.

|

Metal trades—Concluded.

Railroad shops, road E .....................................................
Railroad ^lops, road F ......................................................
Machiru i ’ 1 ^ v vs:
Raiii< < > '> s, road C ..... ............ .................................
(J
\
Rail*- d - i z1s, road A.............. .......................................
5 "
Moldei , jror: Bench and floor.......... „...................................
Pattern i v»’ ?i_, wood:
Jobbing shops....................................................................
Manufacturing shops.........................................................

Hours of
labor per
week.

54
60

OUw
. 3450
.3200

. 3611

54
54
54

.2100
.2000
.3611

50
55

.4200
.3500

50
55

.4200
.3500

50
49J

. 3000
.4444

50
49i

.3000
.4444

50
50

. 2500
.2100

50
50

.2500
.2100

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

. 4375
.3125
. 3750
. 4375
.3750
.3438
. 4063
.3750

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

. 4375
.3125
.3750
.4375
.3750
.3438
.4063
.4063

48
48
48
48

. 3125
. 3542
. 4375
. 4792

48
48
48
48

. 3125
.3542
. 4375
.4792

48
48
48

.4583
. 4375
.4583

48
48
48

.4896
.4375
.4896

48
48

.3021
. 2813

48
48

. 3229
.3021

48
48
48

.5833
.5417
.5208

48
48
48

.5833
. 5417
.5208

48
48

.5000
.4792

48
48

. 5000
. 4792

48
48
48

.4583
.3958
.3542

48
48
48

. 4583
. 3958
.3542

48
48
48
48
48
48

.4063
. 3646
. 3229
.3021
.4583
.3854

48
48
48
48
48
48

.4063
.3646
.3229
. 3021
.4583
.3854

47§

.5244

47§

.5244

48
40
47|

. 5833
.5000
.5244

48
40
47§

.5833
.5000
.5244

48
40

. 5833
.5000

48
40

. 5833
.5000

i
54
60

.

54

) 1

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork: English union...................................
Compositors, nightwork:
English union.................................................................
German union....................................................................
Linotype operators, daywork: English union.......................
Linotype operators, nightwork:
English union....................................................................
German union..................... ....... ................................




28
T able

BULLETIN- OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
(TTY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
CINCINNATI, OHIO—Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

May 15, 1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Printing trades, newspaper—Concluded.
Machine tenders:
Daywork......................................... ................................
Nightwork.............................................................. . .........
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork.................................................
Head pressmen, nightwork................................... ...........
Tension men, daywork.....................................................
Tension men, nightwork...................................................
Oilers and platers, daywork.............................................
Oilers and platers, nightwork...........................................
Stereotypers:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................

48
48

$0.5208
. 5833

4S
48

$0.5208
.5833

48
48
48
48
48
48

.5000
.5000
. 4375
. 4375
.4063
.4063

48
48
48
48
48
48

.5000
.5000
.4375
.4375
. 4063
.4063

51
46J

.4412
. 4839

151
461-

2.4706
.5161

CLEVELAND, OHIO.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
Bohemian onion, daywork.......................
Bohemian union, nightwork....................
German union3..........................................
Hebrew union, daywork...........................
Hebrew union, nightwork..........................
Bakers, second hands:
Bohemian union, daywork........................
Bohemian union,nightwork.................... .
German union, daywork and nightwork..
Hebrew union, daywork............................
Hebrew union, nightwork.........................
Bakers, third hands:
Bohemian union, daywork........................
Bohemian union, nightwork.................... .
German union, daywork and nightwork .
Bakers’ helpers:
Hebrew union, daywork............................
Hebrew union, nightwork.........................
Building trades.
Bricklayers............................................
Bricklayers (Hebrew union)...............
Carpenters..............................................
Cement workers (finishers) 4 ...............
Cement workers (finishers)...................
Cement workers (helpers).....................
Cement workers, mixers (laborers)___
Engineers, portable and hoisting:
Boom derrick..................................
H oist...............................................
Hod carriers and laborers:
English union................................
Hebrew union................................
Inside wiremen......................................
Inside wiremen (fixture hangers)........
Inside wiremen’s helpers......................
Marble cutters and setters....................
Marble cutters’ and setters’ helpers___
Painters..................................................
Painters, fresco......................................
Plasterers...............................................
Plasterers’ helpers (hod carriers).........
Plumbers and gas fitters.......................
Sheet-metal workers..............................

54
54

$0.2963
.3148

51
51

$0.3333
.3529

48
48

.4375
.4583

48
48

.4583
.4583

54
54
54
48
48

.2963
.3148
.2593
.3542
.3750

51
51
54
48
48

.3333
.3529
.2778
.3542
.3750

54
54
54

.2593
.2778
.2222

51
51
54

.2745
.2941
.2407

60
60

.2333
.2333

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.6500
.6000
.4500
.6000
.5000
.3000
.2500

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.6500
.6000
.5000
.6000
.5000
.3500
.2500

48
48

.6000
.5000

48
48

.6000
.5000

48
48
48
54
48
44
44
48
48
44
48
44
48

.2813
.3000
.5750
.3056
.2500
. 6250
.3750
.4500
.6500
.6250
.3000
.6250
.4250

48
48
48
54
48
44
44
44
44
44
48
44
48

.3125
.3125
.5750
.3750
.2500
.6250
.3750
.5000
.7000
.6250
. 3500
.6250
.4500

1 48 hours, October to March.
2 $0.5000, October to March.
3 No minimum scale.
4 Rock asphalt and glass lights and sidewalks laid in cement and composition work.




29

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.
T a b le

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
CLEVELAND, OHIO—Continued.
May 15, 1912.
Traae.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

May 15, 1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Building trades—Concluded.
Steam fitters and sprinkler fitters..........................................
Steam fitters’ and sprinkler fitters’ helpers...........................
Stonemasons (laying dressed stone).......................................
Stonemasons (rubble work).....................................................
Structural ironworkers and finishers......................................
Structural ironworkers, finishers’ helpers...............................
Tile layers.................................................................................
Tile layers’ helpers........................................ ..........................

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

$0.5625
.2813
.6500
.5000
.6500
.3500
.5625
.2500

i 44
i 44
48
48
48
48
48
48

$0.5625
.2813
.6500
.5000
.6500
.3500
. 5938
.2813

Granite and stone trades.
Granitecutters:
Tmidfi mp.n
T _.. r, ...............
.
Machine men (large surfacing)..........................................
Machine men (small surfacing)........................................
Outside men.......................................................................
Stone cutters.............................................................................

48
48
48
48
44

.4188
.4500
.4250
.5500
.5625

44
44
44
44
44

.4188
.5000
.4500
.5500
.6000

48
54
54
54
48
54
54

.5000
.3500
.3333
.3250
.4000
.2000
.3611

48
54
54
54
48
54
54

.5000
.3550
.3500
.3250
.4000
.2000
.3889

54
54
54
54

.3611
.4000
.3056
.3611

54
54
54
54

.3611
.4000
.3056
.3889

54
m

.4250
.4400

54
49*

.4250
.4700

54

.3250

54

.3500

48
48
48

.3125
.3750
.3125

48
48
48

.3125
.3750
.3125

48
45

.3958
.3111

48
45

.3958
.3556

48
48
48
48

.3333
.3125
.4167
.4375

48
48
48
48

.3333
.3125
.4167
.4375

48
45
48

.5375
. 4778
.5375

48
45
48

.5375
.5000
.5375

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.2708
.2396
.3229
.2917
.2188
.3438
.1979
.3333

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.2708
.2396
.3229
.2917
.2188
.3438
.1979
.3333

48
48

.3958
.3229

48
48

.4167
.3438

Metal trades.
Boilermakers:
Field work, manufacturing shops....................................
Railroad shops, road A ......................................................
Shopmen and manufacturing shops.................................
Railroad shops, road B ......................................................
Boiler makers’ helpers, field work..........................................
Boiler makers’ helpers, manufacturing shops. ......................
Core makers...............................................................................
Machinists:
All-round men....................................................................
Tool and die makers.........................................................
Specialists...........................................................................
Molders: Iron and brass..........................................................
Pattern makers, wood:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Jobbing shops...................................................................
Millwork.
Carpenters.................................................................................
Printing trades, book and job.
bookbinders:
Cutters or forwarders (printed w ork)..............................
Finishers or forwarders (blank work)..............................
Rulers.................................................................................
Compositors:
English...............................................................................
Hungarian..........................................................................
Electrotypers:
Battery men, casters and blockers...................................
Builders..............................................................................
Finishers............................................................................
Molders........................................................................ .
Linotype operators:
English un ion.............................................................
Hungarian un ion ..............................................................
Machine tenders’ union, English....................................... .
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses................................................... ............
Job press assistants...........................................................
Flat bed, Harris and auto presses........................ ...........
Self-feeding or folding presses...........................................
Pony presses......................................................................
Patent inside or newspaper feeders........................... .
Platen presses...................................................................
Operators and feeders on folding machines.....................
Pressmen:
Cylinder, 1 or 2 presses......................................................
Pony cylinder....................................................................!




i 48 hours, January to March and October to December.

30
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUBEAU OF LABOR STATISTICS,

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.

I .—

CLEVELAND, OHIO—Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

Hours of
labor per
week.

May 15,-1913.

Rate of
Hours of
wages per labor per
week.
hour.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

!

Printing trades, book and job—Concluded.
Pressmen, platen:
Operating 1 or 2 presses.......
Operating 3 presses..............
Operating 4 presses..............
Operating 5 or more presses ,

|
!
J
i

48
48
48
48

!

48
48
48
48

$0.2708
.2917
.3229
.3542

.5375
.3750
. 4444
.6000

48
48
45
48

.5375
.4167
.5000
.6000

SO.2500
.2708
.3021
.3333

!
|
1
!
1

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork.
English union................................................
German union................................................
Hungarian union...........................................
Compositors, nightwork: English union...........
Linotype operators, daywork:
English u n io n ...............................................
German u n ion ...............................................
Hungarian u n ion ..........................................
Linotype operators, nightwork: English union.
Machine tenders:
Dayw ork........................................................
Nightwork.....................................................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork.............................
Tension men and brakemen, daywork........
Oilers and platers, daywork.........................
Head pressmen, nightwork..........................
Tension men and brakemen, nightwork---Oilers and platers, night work.....................
Stereotypers:
Daywork........................................................
Nightwork......................................................

48
48
45

-

i4
8
1
!
!
1

48
48
45
48

.5375
.4375
.4778
.6000

48
48
48
48

.5375
.4583
.5000
.6000

!

48
48

.5375
.6000

48
48

.5375
.6000

48
48
42
42
42

.4688
.4000
.3281
.5357
.4571
.3750

48
48
48
42
42
42

.4688
.4000
.3281
.5357
.4571
. 3750

48
45

.5000
.5333

48
45

.5000
.5467

i

i

!
!
!

. !
!
|

DALLAS, TEX
EX.

Building trades.
Bricklayers.......................................
Carpenters.........................................
Carpenters (stair builders)...............
Cement workers (finishers)..............
Cement workers (helpers)...............
Cement workers (laborers)..............
Engineers, hoisting and portable:
Boom derrick.............................
Hoist..........................................
Hod carriers:
Brick men..................................
Mortar men................................
Inside wiremen................................
Inside wiremen (fixture hangers)...
Inside wiremen helpers....................
Laborers, excavating........................
Lathers, metal..................................
Lathers, wood—cypress...................
Marble cutters and setters...............
Marble cutters and setters’ helpers .
Painters............................................
Plasterers..........................................
Plasterers’ laborers...........................
Plumbers and gas fitters.................
Sheet-metal workers.........................
Steam fitters.....................................
Steam fitters’ helpers.......................
Stonemasons....................................
Structural iron workers...................




1
|

|

Bakery trades.
Bakers:
First hands. . .
Second hands.
Third hands..

60 j
60 !
60

!

!

!
!
.

. 1

:
'

:

SO.3667
.3333
.3000

44
44
44
48
48
48

.7500
.5000
.6250
.5000
.3500
.2500

44
44
44
48
48
48

.8750
.5500
.6750
.5000
.3500
.2500

48
48

.5000
.5000

48
48

.6250
.5625

.2500
.2813
.5000

48
44
48
48
44
44
48
44
44
44
48
44

.!

60
60
60

44
44

;

SO. 3667
. 3333
.3000

. 2500
.2500
.6250
.3750
.6250
.3125
.4375
.7500
.3000
.6875
.5000
.6875
.3125
.7500

44
44
44
44
44
44
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
48
44
44
44
44

.2500
.2813
.5625
.5000
.2500
.2500
.6250
.3750
.7500
.3750
.5000
.7500
.3000
.6875
.5000
.6875
.3125
.8750

44
44

.5625

.6250

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.

31

T a b l e I , —UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
DALLAS, TEX.—Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

|

May 15, 1913.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Granite and stone trades.
i
Stonecutters..............................................................................

44

$0.6250

44

$0.6250

Metal trades.
Core makers.............................................................................
Machinists................................................................................. !
Molders, iron............................................................................. !

54
54
54

.3611
.4000
.3611

54
54
54

.3611
.4000
.3611

48
48

.3750
.4583

48
48

.3750
.5208

48
48
48

.3750
.4167
i . 1250

48
48
48

.3750
.4167
i . 1250

48
48
48

.2750
.3094
.4583

48
48
48

.2750
.3094
.4583

48
48

.2750
.3438

48
48

.2750
.3438

48
48

.5500
.6250

48
48

.5500
.6250

48
48

i . 1250
1 .1350

48
48

i .1250
i .1350

48
48
48

.6250
.7292
.5208

48
48
48

.6250
.7292
.5208

48
48
48

.6250
.4375
.4375

48
48
48

.6250
.4375
.4375

48
48

.4167
. 4479

48
48

.4688
.5000

54
54
54
54
54

$0.4630
.4074
.3704
.3704
.3333

54
54
54
54
54

$0.4630
.4074
.3704
.3704
.3333

44
44
44

.7500
1.0000
.6000

44
44
44

.7500
1.0000
.6000

44
44

.6875
.3750

44
44

.6875
.3750

44
44

.6250
.5625

44
44

.6250
.5625

44
44

.3750
.4063

44
44

.3750
.4063

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders: Cutters, finishers, forwarders, and rulers.........
Compositors.............................................................................. |
Electrotypers:
Finishers...................................................................
Molders...............................................................................
Linotype operators.................................................................
Press feeders:
Cylinder, commercial.....................................................
Cylinder, publication.................................................
Pressmen, cylinder, operating 1 cylinder and 2 platen'presses.
Pressmen, platen:
Operating 1 or 2 presses....................................................
Operating 3 presses..........................................................
Printing trades, newspaper.
\
Compositors:
Daywork....................................................................
Nightwork............................................................
Linotype operators:
Daywork...............................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Machine tenders:
Daywork..........................................................
Nightwork......................................................................
Machine tenders' helpers, nightwork.....................................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork or nightwork..........................
Journeymen, daywork......................................................
Journeymen, nightwork.................................................
Stereotypers:
Daywork............................................................................ j
Nightwork..........................................................................

DENVER, COLO.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
Foremen, working with 5 or more men..
Foremen, alone or with less than 5 men.
Oven m en .................................................
Mixers........................................................
Bakers, second hands, bench hands..............
Building trades.
Bricklayers, building work............
Bricklayers, sewer work.................
Carpenters.......................................
Cement workers:
Finishers...................................
Laborers...................................
Engineers,hoisting and portable:
Boom derrick...........................
Hoist.........................................
Hod carriers:
Brick m en...............................
Mortar men.......... ....................




1 Per 1,000 ems, nonpareil.

32
T able

B U L L E T IN " o f

th e

bu reau

of

labor

s t a t is t ic s

.

I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
DENVER, COLO.—Continued.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

Honrs of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

May 15,1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Building trades—Concluded.
Inside wiremen.............................
Marble setters................................
Marble setters’ helpers..................
Painters.........................................
Plasterers.......................................
Plasterers’ laborers........................
Plumbers and gas fitters..............
Sheet-meta 1workers.....................
Sprinkler fitters.............................
Sprinkler fitters’ helpers...............
Steam fitters..................................
Steam fitters’ helpers....................
Stonemasons..................................
Structural ironworkers.................
Structural ironworkers, finishers..
Tile layers......................................
Tile layers’ helpers........................

$0.5625
.6250
.3750
.5000
.6875
.4375
.6250
.5625
.6250
.3125
.6250
.3125
.6250
.5625
.5625
.6250
.3438

$0.5625
.6875
.3750
.5000
.7500
.4375
.6250
.5625
.6250
.3125
.6250
.3125
.6250
.5625
. 5625
.6250
.3438

.5713
.6250

. 5713
.6250

.4000
.4150
.4250

.4000
.4150
.4250

.2500
.2800
.2900

.2500
.2800
.2900

.4100
.4100
.4100

.4100
.4100
. 4100

.2800
.2800
.4167

.2800
.2800
.4167

.4000
.4100
.4000
.4000

.4000
.4100
.4000
.4100

.2400
.2400
.2400
.4444

.2400
.2400
.2400
.4444

.4500
.3900

.4500
.3900

.3333

.3333

.4792
.5313

.5000
.5417

.3333
.4375
.5208
.5313

48

.3333
.4375
.5208
.5417

48

. 3438
.1979
. 3646
.5417

Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters, inside m en..
Stonecutters.........................
Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops.............................
Railroad shops, road B .........................
Railroad shops, road A .........................
Blacksmiths’ helpers:
Manufacturing shops.............................
Railroad shops, road B .........................
Railroad shops, road A........................
Boiler makers:
Manufacturing shops............... .............
Railroad shops, road B .........................
Railroad shops, road A........................
Boiler makers’ helpers:
Railroad shops, road B .........................
Railroad shops, road A........................
Core makers................................... .............
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops.............................
Railroad shops, road A......... ..............
Railroad shops, road C.......... ...............
Railroad shops, road B .......... ...............
Machinists’ helpers:
Manufacturing shops.............................
Railroad shops, road A......... ..............
Railroad shops, road B .........................
Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and machine.
Pattern makers, wood:
Manufacturing and jobbing shops.......
Railroad shops.......................................
Millwork.
Painters, hardwood finishers..............................................
Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders: Cutters, finishers, forwarders, and rulers.......
Compositors.........................................................................
Electro typers:
Battery men and builders, floor men.........................
Finishers.......................................................................
Molders..........................................................................
Linotype operators............................................................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses............................................................
Platen presses...............................................................
Press assistants.............................................................
Pressmen, cylinder presses, operating 1 or 2 presses.........




.3333
.1875
.3542
.5417

33

U N IO N SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.
T able

I . —UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
DENVEB, COLO.—Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

May 15,1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Printing trades, book and job—Concluded
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 7 presses...........................................
Operating 6 presses...........................................
Operating 5 presses...........................................
Operating 3 or 4 presses....................................
Operating 1 or 2 presses....................................

$0. 5208
.5000
.4583
.4167
.3750

.6333
.7000

.6333
.7000

.6333
.7000

.6333
.7000

.6333
.7000

.6333
.7000

.6250
.6250
.5000
.5000

.6250
.6250
.5000
.5000

.5313
.5313

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork............................................................
Nightwork.........................................................
Linotype operators:
Daywork............................................................
Nightwork.........................................................
Machine tenders:
Daywork...........................................................
Nightwork.........................................................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork................................
Head pressmen, nightwork..............................
Journeymen, daywork.....................................
Journeymen, nightwork...................................
Stereotypers:
Daywork............................................................
Nightwork.........................................................

$0.5208
.5000
.4583
.4167
.3750

.5313
.5313

DETROIT, MICH.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
German union, foremen and dough mixers, day or
night work.....................................................................
Hebrew union, foremen, two ovens, daywork................
Hebrew union, foremen, two ovens, nightwork.............
Hebrew union, foremen, one oven, daywork..................
Hebrew union, foremen, one oven, nightwork..............
Bakers, second hands:
German union, daywork or nightwork...........................
Hebrew union, daywork...................................................
Hebrew union, nightwork................................................
Bakers, third hands:
Hebrew union, daywork...................................................
Hebrew union, nightwork................................................
Building trades.
Bricklayers........................................................
Bricklayers, sewer, caisson, and tunnel work.
Carpenters.........................................................
Carpenters, Hebrew union...............................
Cement workers, finishers................................
Engineers, hoisting and portable....................
Hod carriers and building laborers.................
Inside wiremen.................................................
Inside wiremen’s helpers..................................
Marble setters....................................................
Marble setters’ helpers......................................
Painters..............................................................
Plasterers...........................................................
Plasterers’ laborers............................................
Plumbers and gas fitters..................................
Sheet-metal workers..........................................
Steam fitters......................................................
Steam fitters’ helpers........................................
Stonemasons......................................................
Structural ironworkers.....................................
1 44 hours, June 15 to Sept. 15.

33136°—Bull. 143—14------3



$0.3529
.4259

51
51
51
51
51

$0.3725
.4510
.4706
.4118
.4314

3137
3333

51
51
51

.3333
.3529
.3725

54

2593

51
51

.2941
.3137

i 48
48
48
48
60
60
48
48
48
44

.6250
.7500
.5000
.5000
.4000
.5000
.3500
.4688
.2813
.6250
.4000
.6250
.3750
.5000
.4000
.5000

148
48
48
48
54
60
48
48
48
44
44
48
44
44
48
48
48

.5500
.6000

2 48

.6500
.7500
.5000
.5000
.5000
.5000
.3500
.4688
.2813
. 6250
.3438
.4500
.6800
.3750
.5625
.4000
.5625
.2500
.6000
.6000

48
248

2 44 hours, June to September.

34
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
DETBOIT, MICH.—Concluded.
May 15, 1912.

May 15, 1913.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Grade.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

44J
44£
44§
44

$0.4375
.4875
.5000
.5625

44|
44i
44J
44

Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters:
Inside men..........................................................................
Machine men......................................................................
Outside men.......................................................................
Stonecutters ..............................................................................
Metal trades.
Boiler makers:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Outside men.......................................................................
Railroad shops................................................................... j
Core makers...............................................................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Die sinkers..........................................................................
Tool and die sinkers...........................................................
Jobbing shops.....................................................................
Outside men.......................................................................
Railroad shops, road A .......... ..........................................
Railroad shops, road B ......................................................

Rate of
wages per
hour.

$0.4500
.5000
. 5125
.6250

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders: Cutters, finishers, forwarders, or rulers..........
Compositors...............................................................................
Electrotypers:
Battery men and builders.............................................
Finishers.............................................................................
Molders...............................................................................
Linotype operators...................................................................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses.................................................................
Platen presses....................................................................
Press assistants.........................................................................
Pressmen, cylinder presses: Operating 1 or 2 presses............
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 6 or more presses..............................................
Operating 4 or 5 presses.....................................................
Operating 3 presses............................................................
Operating 2 presses............................................................
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork:
English union....................................................................
German union....................................................................
Compositors, nightwork: English union................................
Linotype operators, daywork:
English union...................................................................
English union....................................................................
German union....................................................................
Linotype operators, nightwork:
English union....................................................................
English union....................................................................
Machine tenders:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork
.
..........................................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork.................................................
Head pressmen, nightwork...............................................
Tension men, daywork.....................................................
Tension men, nightwork....
................................
Oilers and platers, daywork.............................................
Oilers and platers, nightwork..........................................
Floormen and flymen, daywork.......................................
Floormen and flymen, nightwork....................................
Stereotypers:
Daywork..................
...........................
Nightwork.......................................................................




1Per 100 lines, nonpareil.

.3400
.5000
.3400
.3611

55
48
60
54

.4000
.5000
.3400
. 3889

55
55

.3333
.5000

54
48
60
60
54

.3333
.6250
.3100
.3450
.3611

55
55
60
54
48
60
54
54

. 3500
. 5000
.4000
.3500
.6250
.3100
.3550
.3889

60
55

Pattern makers, wood:

60
48
60
54

.4200
.4250

60
55

.4500
.4500

48
48

.3333
.3854

48
48

.3750
.3854

48
48
48
48

.2604
.3750
.3750
.5000

48
48
48
48

.2604
.3750
.3750
.5500

48
48
48
48

.2708
.2292
.2708
.3750

48
48
48
48

.2917
.2500
.2917
.3958

48
48
48
48

.3958
.3542
.3125
.2708

48
48
48

.5000
.3750
.5500

48
48
48

.5500
.3750
.6000

48
48
40

i. 2400
.5000
.5000

48
48
40

i. 2400
.5500
.5000

48
48

1.2600
.5500

48
48

*. 2600
.6000

48
48

.4375
.5000

48
48

.4375
.5000

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.4792
.4792
.4063
.4063
.4063
.4063
.3750
.3750

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.4792
.4792
.4063
.4063
.4063
.4063
.3750
.3750

48
43

.5000
.5698

48
43

.5000
.5698

35

UNTO 1T SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.
S
T a b le

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
FALL RIVER, MASS.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

Hours of
Hate of
wages per labor per
hour.
week.

Hours of
labor per
*week.

Building trades.
Bricklayers.........................................
Carpenters..............................................
Inside wiremen.................................
Inside wiremen’s helpers......................
Painters................................................
Plasterers...............................................
Plumbers and gas fitters......................
Stonemasons.................... ....................

1

May 15,1913.
Rate of
wages per
hour.

$0.5500
.4200
.3750
.1875
.3750
.5500
.4375
.5500

!

48
48

.4063
.4375
.4375

45
45
45

.4300
.4925
.4613

I
I

Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters:
Inside men_
_
Machine men.
Outside m en..

48
48
48
48
44
48
48
48

60
60

.2750
.2750

54
54

.3333
.3333

48

.3333

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.4583
.4167
.3750
.4583
.4583
.5208
.3854

4
8

t

Metal trades.
Core makers...............................
Molders, iron, bench and floor.,
Printing trades, book and job.

)
;

Compositors.

.3333

!
I

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Head “ A d ” men, daywork....................................
Assistant “ A d '’ men and make-ups, daywork_
_
Floor hands, head setters, and head framers, daywork..
Linotype operators, daywork........................................
Machine tenders, daywork............................................
Pressmen, web presses, daywork..................................
Stereotypers, daywork...................................................

$0.5500
.4200
.3750
. 1875
.4100
.5500
.4375
.5500

48
48
48
48 !
44 |
48 I
48
48

I

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.4167
.3750
.3333
.4167
.4167
.4167
. 3854

INDIANAPOLIS, IND.
!

1
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
Oven men, daywork............................................ ............'
Oven men, nightwork.......................................... ............
Bakers: Second hands............................................... ............
Bakers: Third h a n d s................................................. ............
|
Building trades.
Bricklayers.................................................................. ............!
Carpenters................................................................ ............|
Carpenters, stair builders........................................... ............1
Cement workers, finishers.......................................... ............!
Engineers, hoisting and portable..............................
Hoa carriers:
Brick m en............................................................ ............
Mortar men............................................... ...........
Inside wiremen.......................................................... ............!
Inside wiremen, fixture hangers................................ ............|
Laborers, building work..... ............................... ......
Marble setters..............................................................
Marble setters’ helpers............................................... ............
Painters....................................................................... ............;
Painters, fresco...... .................................................... ............!
Plasterers..................................................................... .
.
i.
Plumbers and gas fitters............................................ ............i
Sheet-metal workers................................................... ............!
Sprinkler fitters........................................................... ............I
Sprinkler fitters’ helpers............................................ ........ .J
Steam fitters................................................................ ............j
Steam fitters’ helpers.................................................. ............
Stonemasons................................................................ ............
Structural iron workers......... .................................... ............1
Structural iron workers, finishers............................. ............!
Tile layers................................................................... ............|
Tile layers’ helpers..................................................... ............1




.

60
60
60
60
44
44|
44J
54

.

$0.2667
.3000
.2667
.2000
.7000
.4500
.4500
.5000
.6000

4.
8

.

44
44
48
48

.

.6250
.3125
.4250
.4250
.6250 .
.
.5625
.4500
.5000
.2500
.5625
.2813
.6500
.6500
.6500
.5625
.2500

.

.

$0.2667
.3000
.2667
.2000

44
44*
44*
48
45

.

.

.3500
.3500
.4500
.4000

44
48
48
44*
.
44
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
48
48

60
60
60
60

.

44
44
48
48
54
44
44
48
48
.
44|
44
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

.

•
.
|
!

i

.

.7500
.5000
.5000
.5000
.6000
.4000
.4250
.4750
.4250
.2500
.6250
.3438
.4750
.4750
.
.
.6250
.6250
.4750
.5000
.3125
.6250
.3125
.7000
.6500
.6500
.6250
.3125

.

j

.

.

36

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able I — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
INDIANAPOLIS, IND.—Continued.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

May 15,1913.

Hours of
Rate of
Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per labor per wages per
hour.
week.
week.
hour.

Granite and stone trades.
Stonecutters.............................................................................

47

$0.5625

44

$0.5625

54
54

.3500
.3333

54
54

.3500
.3450

54
54

.1800
.1950

54
54

.1800
.2050

Metal trades.

Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Blacksmiths’ helpers:
Manufacturing shops. r ,

- ...

. .

______

Railroad shops...................................................................
Boiler makers:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Outside men......................................................................
Railroad shops, road B .....................................................
Railroad shops, road C ................................................................

.3200
50
50
.4000
48
48
54
.3650
54
54
.3500
54
54
.2000
54
Core makers.............................................................................
.3222
54

Machinists:

Mftnnfactnrinp phnps.........................
Outside men......................................................................
Railroad shops, road A ................................................................
Railroad shops, road B .....................................................

Machinists7helpers, outside men............................................
Molders, iron:
Bench.................................................................................
Floor...................................................................................
Machine..............................................................................
Pattern makers:
Jobbing shops....................................................................
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Millwork.
Carpenters................................................................................

.3500
.5000
.3650
.3500
.2000
.3222
54

50
44
54
54
54
44

.3500
.5000
.3333
.3500
.3500
.3000

50
44
54
54
54
44

.4000
.5000
.3450
.3600
.3600
.3000

54
54
54

.3556
.3611
.3111

54
54
54

.3111

50
54
55

.5000
.4250
.3350

44
50
50

.5000
.4250
.3450

54

.3500

54

.3500

48

.4167

48

.4375

48
48

.4167
.3958

48
48

.4375
.4271

48
48
48
48
48

.3125
.3438
.4375
.4583
.5000

48
48
48
48
48

.3438
.3750
.4375
.4583
.5000

48
48
48
48
48

.3125
.2708
.3021
.1875
.4167

48
48
48
48
48

.3542
.3125
.3438
.2500
.4479

48
48
48
48
48

.2292
.2708
.3125
.3542
.3958

48
48
48
48
48

.2604
.3021
.3438
.3854
.4271

48
48

.5000

48
48
48

.5000
.4271
.4792

.3556
.3611

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders, all classifications...............................................
Compositors:
English union....................................................................
German union...................................................................
Electrotypers:
Battery men, casters, backers, and blockers...................
Builders........................................................................
Finishers...........................................................................
Molders.............................................................................
Linotype operators.................................................................
Press feeders:
Press assistants.............................................................
Cylinder presses.................................................................
Newspaper feeders...........................................................
Pony presses.....................................................................
Pressmen, cylinder presses: Operating 1 or 2 presses............
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 1 press...............................................................
Operating 2 presses............................................................
Operating 3 presses............................................................
Operating 4 presses............................................................
Operating 5 presses............................................................
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork:
English union....................................................................
German union...........................................................
English union (bankmen)...............................................
Compositors, nightwork:
English union....................................................................
English union (bankmen)...............................................
Linotype operators, daywork:
English union....................................................................
German union...................................................................




48

.3958

.4792

48

. 5417

48

.5208

48
48

.5417
.5208

48
48

.5000
.4583

48
48

.5000
.5000

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.
T able

37

I . —UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
INDIANAPOLIS, IND.—Concluded.
May 15,1912.
Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

Trade.

May 15,1913.
Rate of
Hours of
labor per wages per
hour.
week.

Printing trades, newspaper—Concluded.
Linotype operators, nightwork: English union....................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork.................................................
Tension men or brakemen, daywork...............................
Oilers and platers, daywork.............................................
Riggers, daywork..............................................................
Head pressmen, nightwork...............................................
Tension men or brakemen, nightwork.............................
Oilers and platers, nightwork...........................................
Riggers, nightwork............................................................
Stereotypers:
Daywork.............................................................................
Nightwork......................................................... ................

48

$0.5417

48

$0.5417

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.5208
.4167
.3958
.2917
.5208
.4375
.3958
.2917

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.5208
.4375
.4063
.3333
.5521
.4688
.4375
.3646

48
48

.4688
.4688

48
48

.4688
.4688

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
54
48
48

$0.5000
.3125
.3125
.3750
.5625
.6250
.3750
.3438
.3500
.6250
.5000

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
54
48
48

$0.6250
.3125
.4500
.3750
.5625
.6250
.3750
.3438
.3600
.6250
.6250

45

.5000

45

.5000

54
54

.4000
.3900

54
54
54

.4000
.4100
.1650

54
54

.3650
.4250

54
54

.4000
.4350

54
54
54

.3650
.3250
.4000

54
54
54

.3650
.3250
.4100

54

.3333

54

.3333

48
48
48
48

.3750
.3750
.4375
.4375

48
48
48
48

.3750
.3750
.4375
.4375

48
48
48

.2083
.1667
.3750

48
48
48

.2500
.1875
.3750

48
48
48

.2500
.3125
.3750

48
48
48

.2500
.3125
.4063

48
42

.3750
.5000

48
42

.3750
.5000

JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
Building trades.
Bricklayers............................................
Carpenters..............................................
Inside wiremen.....................................
Painters..................................................
Plasterers...............................................
Plumbers and gas fitters......................
Sheet-metal workers.............................
Sheet-metal workers, Negro.................
Sheet-metal workers, railroad shops___
Steam fitters..........................................
Stonemasons..........................................
Granite and stone trades.
Stonecutters...............................................

Metal trades.

Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops......................
Railroad shops................................
Blacksmiths’ helpers: Railroad shops.
Boiler makers:
Manufacturing shops......................
Railroad shops................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops.
Specialists, railr<
Railroad shops.
Millwork.
Carpenters.
Printing trades, book and job.
Compositors....................................................................
Electrotypers.................................................................
Linotype operators.........................................................
Machine tenders.............................................................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses.......................................................
Platen presses..........................................................
Pressmen, cylinder presses: Operating 1 or 2 presses..
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 1 or 2 presses............... ..........................
Operating 4 presses................................................ .
Operating 7 presses..................................................
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork..
Nightwork




38

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.—Concluded.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

May 15,1913.

Hours of
Rate of
Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per labor per wages per
week.
hour.
week.
hour.

Printing trades, newspaper—Concluded.
Linotype operators:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Machine tenders, daywork......................................................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork.................................................
Head pressmen, nightwork...............................................
Brakemen and tensionmen, daywork...............................
Brakemen and tensionmen, nightwork...........................
Oilers and platers, daywork.............................................
Oilers and platers, nightwork...........................................
Stereotypers:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................

48
42
48

i $0.0900
i .1000
.4375

48
42
48

i $0.0900
i .1000
.4375

48
48
48
48
48
48

.3750
.3750
.3125
.3125
.2500
.2500

48
48
48
48
48
48

.3750
.3750
.3125
.3125
.2500
.2500

48
48

.3750
.3750

48
48

.3750
.3750

54
54
54

$0.3519
.3889
.3889

54
54
54

$0.3519
.3889
.3889

48
48

.4375
.4375

4S
48

.4375
.4375

54
48
54

.3704
.4167
.4167

54
48
54

.3889
.4375
.4815

54
54

.3519
.3704

54
54

.3519
.3704

48
48

.3958
.4167

48
48

.3958
.4167

54
48

.3333
.3750

54
48

.3519
.3958

54
48

.3519
.3958

54
48

.3519
.3958

54
54
54

.2963
.2963
.2778

54
54
54

.3148
.3148
.2963

48
48
48

.3333
.3333
.3125

48
48
48

.3542
.3542
.3333

44
44
44
44
44
48
44
*44
48
*44

.7500
.5500
.5500
.5625
.4000
.7000
.3750
.5625
.5000
.2500

44
44
44
44
44
48
44
2 44
48
2 44

.7500
.5500
.5500
.6250
.5000
.7000
.3750
.6250
.5000
.2500

48
48

.2500
.3000

48
44

.2750
.3000

KANSAS CITY, MO.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands, hand bakeries:
Foremen in small shops..................................................
Oven m en........................................................................
Spongers...........................................................................
Bakers, first hands, machine bakeries:
Ovenmen........................................................................
Sponge mixers.................................................................
Bakers, first hands, pie bakeries:
Foremen, hand bakeries................................................ .
Foremen, machine bakeries.......................................... .
Bakers, first hands, cake and roll: Foremen, hand bakeries.
Bakers, second hand, hand bakeries:
Bench hands................................................................... .
Drawers............................................................................
Bakers, second hands, machine bakeries:
Bench hands................................................................... .
Drawers............................................................................
Bakers, second hands, pie:
Oven men, hand bakeries............................................. .
Oven men, machine bakeries........................................
Bakers, second hands, cake and roll:
Underhands, hand bakeries.......................................... .
Underhands, machine bakeries..................................... .
Bakers, third hands, pie bakeries, hand bakeries:
Dough mixers.................................................................
Fillers..............................................................................
Bench hands............................................................ .—
Bakers, third hands, pie, machine bakeries:
Dough mixers................................................................. .
Fillers...............................................................................
Rolling-machine operators............................................ .
Building trades.
Bricklayers............................................................................ .
Carpenters............................................................................. .
Carpenters, parquet-floor layers..........................................
Cement workers (finishers).................................................. .
Cement workers’ helpers...................................................... .
Engineers, hoisting and portable.........................................
Hod carriers...........................................................................
Inside wiremen.....................................................................
Inside wiremen, fixture hangers.......................................... .
Inside wiremen’s helpers......................................................
Laborers:
Building work................................................................
Plumbing work..............................................................
i Per 1,000 ems, nonpareil.




2 48 hours, October to May.

39

UNION- SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.
T able

I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
KANSAS CITY, MO.—Continued.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

May 15, 1913.

Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

Building trades—Concluded.
Lathers:
Metal..................................................................................
Wood..................................................................................
Marble setters............................................................................
Marble setters’ helpers.............................................................
Painters..................................................................................... i
Painters, fresco......................................................................... !
Plasterers..................................................................................
Plasterers’ laborers...................................................................
Plumbers and gas fitters.........................................................
Sheet-metal workers...............................................................
Sprinkler fitters........................................................................
Sprinkler fitters' helpers..........................................................
Steam fitters.............................................................................
Steam fitters’ helpers...............................................................
Stonemasons........................................ ....................................
Structural iron workers...........................................................
Structural iron workers, finishers...........................................
Tile layers.................................................................................
Tile layers’ helpers...................................................................

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
48
44
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

$0.5625
.4375
.6875
.3500
.5000
.5000
. 7500
.3750
.6250
.5000
.5313
.3125
.6250
.3125
.6250
.6250
.6250
.6875
.3125

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
48
44
48
18
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

$0.6250
.4375
.6875
.3750
.6000
.6000
.7500
.3750
.6250
.5750
.5313
.3125
.6250
.3125
.6250
.6250
. 6250
.7500
.3750

Granite and stone trades.
Stonecutters..............................................................................

44

.5625

44

.5625

54
54
54
60
54
54
54
54
54

.3500
.3600
.3900
.3500
.4000
.4000
.3900
.3600
.3800

54
54
54
60
54
54
54
54
54

.3500
.3600
.3900
.3500
.4300
.4200
.3900
.3700
.3800

54
54
54
60
54
54
54
54
54

.2000
. 1900
.2500
.2350
. 1900
.2300
.2500
.2300
.2000

54
54
54
60
54
54
54
54
54

.2000
.1900
.2600
.2350
.1900
.2450
.2600
.2300
.2100

54
54

.3800
. 4500
.4000

54
54
54

.3800
. 5625
.4200

54

.1600

54
54
54

.2700

54
54

.2300
.3611

54

.2200
.3100
.2500
.4000

Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Railroad shops, road B......................................................
Railroad shops, road A ......................................................
Railroad shops, road D......................................................
Railroad shops (terminal), road D ..................................
Railroad shops, road E......................................................
Railroad shops, road F ............................................. ........
Railroad shops, road H .....................................................
Railroad shops, road G................................................................
Railroad shops, road C......................................................!
Backsmiths’ helpers:
Railroad shops, road B................................................
Railroad shops, road A ......................................................
Railroad shops, road D ............................................ ...................
Railroad shops (terminal), road D ..................................
Railroad shops, road C ......................................................
Railroad shops, road E ................................................................
Railroad shops, road F ......................................................
Railroad shops, road H .....................................................
Railroad shops, road G ................................................................ I
Boilermakers:
1
Manufacturing shops....................................................... !
Outside men...................................................................... !
Railroad shops...................................................................
Boilermakers’ helpers:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Outside men......................................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Coremakers..............................................................................
Machinists:
All-round men, manufacturing shops..............................
Tool and die makers..........................................................
Railroad shops................................................................... j
Packing houses...................................................... ......... . j
Machinists’ helpers: Railroad shops.......................................!
Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and machine...............................!
Pattern makers, wood:
Jobbing shops.................................................................
Manufacturing shops............... .........................................

54

54
54
54
54

.3700
.4000

54
54

.3700
.4250

.4000
.3500
.2000
.4000

54

.3611

54
54
54
54
54

49J
54

.4250
.4000

491
54

.4000

54
54

.4000
.3500

54
54

.4000
.3500

.4000
.3500

.4250

Millwork.
Carpenters, cabinetmakers......................................................
Painters, hardwood finishers...............................................




40
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
KANSAS CITY, MO.—Concluded.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

May 15,1913.

Hours of
Rate of
Hours of
labor per wages per labor per
week.
hour.
week.

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Cutters................................................................................
Cutters and folding machine operators............................
Finishers, first-class...........................................................
Finishers, second-class......................................................
Forwarders, first-class........................................................
Forwarders, second-class...................................................
Rulers, first-class................................................................
Rulers, second-class................... .....................................
Compositors.............................................................................
........... .
Electrotypers, all classifications r_ __.
Linotype operators...................................................................
Machine tenders......................................................................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses...............................................................
Platen presses....................................................................
Pony presses.................................................................
Operating automatic feeders............................................
Patent insides, cylinder feed............................................
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operating 1 press, 24 by 36 inches or under....................
Operating 2 presses, 24 by 36 inches or under, without
foreman..........................................................................
Operating 2 presses, 24 by 36 inches or under, with
foreman..........................................................................
Operating 1 press over 38 by 56 inches.............................
Operating 2 presses............................................................
Operating 1 cylinder and 2 platen presses.......................
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 1 press.............................................................
Operating 2 presses..........................................................
Operating 3 or 4 presses...................................................
Operating 5 to 7 presses....................................................
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork.........
.............................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Linotype operators:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Machine tenders:
Daywork.........................................................................
Nightwork........................................................................
Pressmen, web presses, day or nightwork:
Head pressmen.................................................................
Journeymen................................................................
Sterotypers, day or nightwork...............................................

Rate of
wages per
hour.

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

$0.3542
.3750
.3750
.3333
.3750
.3333
.3750
.3333
.3958
.4375
.5313
.6250

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

SO.3542
.3750
. 37oO
.3333
.3750
.3333
.3750
.3333
.4167
.4375
.5521
.6250

48
48
48
48
48

.3021
. 1875
.2708
.3021
.3281

48
48
48
48
48

.3021
.2083
.2708
.3021
.3281

48

.3750

48

.3750

48

.4375

48

.4375

48
48
48
48

.3750
.4375
.4375
.4167

48
48
48
48

.3750
.4375
.4375
.4167

48
48
48
48

.3125
.3333
.3542
.395.*

48
48
48
48

.3125
.3333
.3542
.3958

48
48

.5625
.5625

48
48

.5938
.5938

48
48

.5625
.5625

48
48

.5938
.5938

48
48

.6250
.6250

48
48

.6250
.6250

48
48
48

.5000
.4375
.5625

48
48
48

.5000
.4375
.5625

$0. 7500
.5000
.5556
.2500

54
54

$0. 7500
.5000
. 5556
.3000

LITTLE ROCK, ARK.
Building trades.
Bricklayers...........................................
Carpenters............................................
Cement workers, finishers..................
Cement workers7helpers....................
Engineers, hoisting and portable:
Hoist..............................................
Boom derrick...............................
Inside wiremen....................................
Inside wiremen’s helpers....................
Painters................................................
Plasters.................................................
Plasterers’ laborers..............................
Plumbers.............................................
Sheet-metal workers:
Shopmen........................................
Railroad shops, road B .................
Railroad shops, road A .................




.5000
.6250
.4500
.2500
.4375
.7500
.2500
. 5625

54
54
48
48
48
44
44

.5000
.6250
.5000
.2500
.5000
.7500
.2500
.5625

.5000
.3700
.3762

48
53
53

.5000
. 3863
.3914

41

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1913.
T able

I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913— Continued.
LITTLE ROCK, ARK.—Concluded.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

May 15,1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Building trades—Concluded.
Steam fitters.............................................................................
St^r>«Tnasorir ..... ....................................... .
s
,

48
48

$0. 5625
.6250

$0.5625
. 625Q

44

Granite and stone trades.
Stonecutters..............................................................................

48
44

. 5500

.4126
. 4575
.4372
.3660
.4067
.3558

Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Railroad shops, road A .....................................................
Railroad shops (1st fire), road B .....................................
Railroad shops (2d fire), road B .....................................
Railroad shops (light car fire), road B .............................
Railroad shops (miscellaneous fire), road B ....................
Railroad shops (hammermen), road B .............................
Boiler makers:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops..... .............................................................
Railroad shops, roundhouse, daywork............................
Railroad shops, roundhouse, nightwork..........................
Railroad shops, helpers.....................................................
Core makers............................................................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops........................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Engine and roundhouse, daywork...................................
Engine and roundhouse, nightwork................................
Machinists’ helpers:
Manufacturing shops........................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Roundhouse, daywork......................................................
Roundhouse, nightwork...................................................
Molders, iron...........................................................................

53
54
54

.3965
.4100
.4100

54
54

. 4100
.3450

53
53
53
53
53
53

60
54
60
58
54
54

. 4100
. 4100
. 4100
. 4666
. 2150
. 3500

60
53
53
57
53
54

.4100
.4321
. 4321
. 4321
.2389
.3500

54
54
60
58

. 4100
.4100
.4100
. 4666

54
53
53
57

.4250
. 4321
. 4321
. 4321

54

.1600

54

.3889

54
53
53
57
54

.2222
.2033
.2033
. 2033
.3889

48
48
48
48
48

. 3333
, 3750
. 3750
. 5000
. 4167

48
48
48
48
48

.3333
.3750
. 3750
.5000
. 4167

48
48
48

.2708
. 1458
. 1875

48
48
48

.2708
.1458
. 1875

48
48
48
48

. 4063
. 3854
. 6250
.3333

48
48
48
48

.4063
.3854
.6250
.3333

48
48

. 4583
.5000

48
48

. 4792
.5000

42
42

i .0950
1 .1000

42
42

1 .0950
1 .1000

48
48

.5000
.5833

48
48

.5000
.5833

48
48
48
48

.6250
.6667
.3438
.3646

48
48
48
48

.6250
.6667
.3438
.3646

48
48

.4375
.4375

48
48

. 4375
. 4375

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Cutters................................................................................
Finishers, forwarders, and rulers.....................................
Compositors........................................................................
Linotype operators...................................................................
Machine tenders.......................................................................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses.................................................................
Platen presses....................................................................
Pony presses.......................................................................
Pressmen, cylinder:
Operating 2 presses............................................................
Operating 1 cylinder and 1 platen press..........................
Operating cylinder and lithographic presses...................
Pressmen, platen: Operating 4 presses................................
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Linotype operators:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Machine tenders:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork.................................................
Head pressmen, nightwork...............................................
Journeymen, daywork......................................................
Journeymen, nightwork....................................................
Stereo typers:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................




1 Per 1,000 ems, nonpareil.

42
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
LOS ANGELES, CAL.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

May 15,1913.

Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
hour.
week.

Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

Bakery trades.
Bakers:
First hands, oven men.......................................................
Second hands, bench hands..............................................
Third hands, helpers.........................................................
Building trades.
Bricklayers................................................................................
Carpenters.................................................................................
Cement workers, finishers........................................................
Cement workers’ laborers.........................................................
Engineers, portable and hoisting............................................
Hod carriers...............................................................................
Inside wiremen.........................................................................
Inside wiremen? fixture hangers.............................................
Laborers, building work..........................................................
Marble setters............................................................................
Marble setters’ helpers.............................................................
Painters.....................................................................................
Plasterers.................................................................................
Plasterers’ laborers...................................................................
Plumbers and gas fitters..........................................................
Sheet-metal workers........................................................ ........
Sprinkler fitters........................................................................
Sprinkler fitters’ helpers..........................................................
Steam fitters.............................................................................
Stonemasons.. . . .
.........................................................
Structural ironworkers.............................................................
Structural ironworkers, finishers...........................................
Tile layers.................................................................................
Tile layers’ helpers...................................................................
Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters..........................................................................

54
54
54

SO.3889
. 3333
. 2222

54
54
54

$0.3889
.3333
.2222

44
48
48
48
48
44
48
48
44
44
44
48
44
44
48
44
48
48
48

.7500
.5000
.6250
.3750
.5000
. 4063
. 4375
.4375
.3438
.0250
.2813
. 4375
. 6875
.5625
.5625
.5625
.4375
.3125
.5625

48
48
48
48

.5000
.5000
.5625
.2813

4t
48
48
48
48
44
48
48
44
44
44
48
44
44
48
44
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.7500
.5000
.6250
.3750
.5000
.4063
.5000
.5000
. 3438
.6250
.3750
.4375
.7500
.5625
.5625
.5625
.4375
.3125
.5625
.6250
.5000
.5000
.6250
.3438

48

.6250

48

.6250

54
54
54

.3500
.2500
.3750

54
54
54

.3500
.2500
.3750

54
54
48
54
48
48
54
54

.4500
.4000
.5500
.4300
.5000
.5000
.2500
.3750

54
54
48
54
48
48
54
54

.4000
. 3750
.5625
.4000
.5000
.5000
.2500
.3750

48
48

.5300
.5000

48
48

.5300
.5000

48

.4375

48

.4375

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.3750
.4063
.4063
.4375
.5000
.5000
.5833

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.4063
.4063
.4063
.4688
.5417
.5000
.5833

48
48

.3125
.2500

48
48

.3542
.2917

48
48

.4375
.4375

48
48

.4688
.4688

Metal trades.
Boiler makers, manufacturing shops......................................
Boiler makers’ helpers, manufacturing shops........................
Core makers...............................................................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Manufacturing and auto repair shops..............................
Breweries...........................................................................
Railroad shops......................................................... ..........
Manufacturing and repair shops..................................... .
Newspaper offices..............................................................
Machinists’ helpers: Manufacturing and railway shops.......
Molders, iron............................................................................
Pattern makers, wood:
Jobbing shops...................................................................
Manufacturing and artificial stone molds........................ |
Millwork.
Carpenters.................................................................................
Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Cutters................................................................................
Finishers and forwarders..................................................
Rulers.................................................................................
Compositors..............................................................................
Compositors on poster work....................................................
Electrotypers, all classifications..............................................
Linotype operators..................................................................
Pressfeeders:
Cylinder presses................................................................. !
Platen presses.................................................................... i
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
i
Operators of 1 or 2 cylinder presses.................................. !
Operators of 1 cylinder and 2 platen presses...................




43

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.
T a b le

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
IOS ANGELES, CAL,—Concluded.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

May 15, 1913.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

48
48
48

$0.3750
.3958
.4167

48
48
48

$0.4063
.4271
.4479

45
45

.6222
.6889

45
45

.6222
.6889

45
45

.6222
.6889

45
45

.6222
.6889

45
45

.6222
.6889

45
45

.6222
.6889

48
42
48
42
48
42

.5833
.6667
.5208
.5952
.5521
.6310

48
42
48
42
48
42

.5833
.6667
.5208
.5952
.5521
.6310

48
48

.5000
.5000

48
48

.5625
.5625

57
57
57

$0.2982
.2807
. 2456

57
57
57

$0.2982
.2807
.2456

48
44
60

.6500
.4500
.4000

48

.5000

48
48
48
48
48

.3800
.3800
.3500
.4375
.2813

48
48
44
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

. 4250
. 6500
.6500
0)
.5000
.3750
.5000
.2500
.5000
.5500
.5000
.5000

48
48

. 4003
.5000

Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
hour.
week.

Printing trades, book and job—Concluded.
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operators of 1 to 3 platen presses.....................................
Operators of 4 platen presses............................................
Operators of more than 4 platen presses.........................
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork...........................................................................
Nightwork.........................................................................
Linotype operators:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Machine tenders:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork.................................................
Head pressmen, nightwork...............................................
Journeymen, daywork......................................................
Journeymen, nightwork...................................................
Tension men, daywork....................................................
Tension men, nightwork..................................................
Stereotypers:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................

LOUISVILLE, KY.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
Mixers..................
Oven m en............
Bakers, second hands.
Building trades.
Bricklayers..............................................
Carpenters...............................................
Cement workers, finishers......................
Cement workers’ helpers........................
Engineers, hoisting and portable..........
Hod carriers:
Mortar men.......................................
Plasterers’ laborers and brick men .
Wheelers and pilers.........................
Inside wiremen.......................................
Inside wiremen’s helpers........................
Laborers, building..................................
Painters...................................................
Painters, fresco........................ ..............
Plasterers.................................................
Plasterers’ laborers.................................
Plumbers and gas fitters........................
Sheet-metal workers...............................
Steam fitters............................................
Steam fitters’ helpers.............................
Stonecutters............................................
Stonemasons............................................
Structural iron workers..........................
Tile layers................................................

0)

48
44
60
60
48 ,
48
48
48 j
48
48
48
48
48
44
0)

.6500
.4500
.4500
.2500
.5625

44
48
48
48
48
44
48
48

.3800
.3800
.3500
.4000
.2813
.2188
.4500
.6500
.6500
C
1)
.6000
.4000
.5000
.2500
.5625
.5500
.5000
.5000

45
48

.4500
.5625

Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters, inside men.
Stonecutters..........................




1 See Hod carriers.

44

BULLETIN OF TH E BUBEAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able

I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
LOUISVILLE, KY.—Concluded.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

Metal trades.
Boiler makers.
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops, terminal..................................................
Boiler makers' helpers:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops, road A .....................................................
Railroad shops, terminal..................................................
Railroad shops, road D . ...................................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Outside men.......................................................................
Railroad shops, road F ....... „ .............................................
•
Pattern makers, wood............................................................

Hours of
labor per
week.

May 15,1913.

Rate of
Hours of
Rate of
wages per labor per wages per
hour.
week.
hour.

54
54
60
54
54

$0.3200
.3500
.3750
.3550
.3300

54
54
60
54
54

$0.3200
.4100
.3750
.3800
.3300

54
54
54
54

.1950
.2000
.1950
.1950

54
54
54
54

.2150
.2150
.2150
.1950

54
48
54
54
48

.3333
.4000
.3250
.3250
.2500

54
48
54
54
48
60

.3333
.4000
.3900
.3800
.2500
.3000

48
48
48
48
48

.3438
.3125
.4500
.4792
.4500

48
48
48
48
48

.3750
.3125
.4900
.4792
.4900

48
48
48
48

.2292
.2708
.1563
.2292

48
48
48
48

.2292
.2708
.1563
.2292

48
48
48
48
48
48

.4167
.3750
.3750
. 3750
.3125
.3438

48
48
48
48
48
48

.4167
.3750
.3750
.3750
.3125
.3438

48
48
48

.3750
.3125
.2500

48
48
48

.3750
.3125
.2500

48

.4700

48

.4900

48
40
48

.5200
.4500
.4900

48
40
48

.5400
.4500
.4900

48
40

.5400
.4750

48
40

.5400
.4750

48
48

.6250
. 6667

48
48

.6250
.6667

48
43
48
43
48
43

.4375
.4883
.3750
.4186
.3750
.4186

48
43
48
43
48
43

.4375
.4883
.3750
.4186
.3750
.4186

48
48

.4375
.4375

48
48

.4375
.4375

Printing trades, book and job.
Compositors:
German union....................................................................
Linotype operators..................................................................
Machine tenders.......................................................................
Monotype operators................................................................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses.................................................................
Cylinder, automatic feed and press assistants.................
Platen presses.....................................................................
Press assistants, 1 platen press....... ............ ....................
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operating 1 or 2 presses with automatic feed...................
Operating 1 or 2 presses....................................................
Operating large cylinder and 2 platen presses.................
Operating 2 Harris presses................................................
Operating pony press........................................................
Operating pony and 2 job presses....................................
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 4 presses............................................................
Operating 3 presses............................................................
Operating 1 or 2 presses...............................................
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors: Daywork, English union..................................
Compositors, nightwork:
English union............................................ .......... . . . . . . .
German union............................................................ .
Linotype operators: Daywork, English union......................
Linotype operators, nightwork:
English union....................................................................
German union...................................................................
Machine tenders:
Care of 14 to 18 machines..................................................
Care of 19 to 25 machines..................................................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork.................................................
Head pressmen, nightwork.............................................
Oilers and platers, daywork............... .............................
Oilers and platers, nightwork...........................................
Tension men, daywork.....................................................
Tension men, nightwork..................................................
Stereotypers:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................




45

U NIO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.
T a b le

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
MANCHESTER, N. H.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

May 15,1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Building trades.
Bricklayers................................................................................
Carpenters.................................................................................
Inside wiremen.........................................................................
Plasterers..................................................................................
Plumbers and gas fitters..........................................................
Sheet-metal workers.................................................................
Steam fitters.............................................................................

i 48
48
48
148
48
48
48

$0.5500
.3125
.3125
.4375
.3125
.3125
.3125

i 48
48
48
1 48
48
48
48

$0.5500
.4000
.3125
.5000
.3125
.3438
.3125

Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters..........................................................................

48

.3750

48

.4063

Metal trades.
Core makers..............................................................................
Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and machine..............................

54
54

.3333
.3611

54
54

.3333
.3611

Printing trades, book and job*
Compositors..............................................................................
Linotype operators...................................................................

48
48

.3333
.3333

48
48

.3542
.3542

48
48

.3333
.4167

48
48

.3542
.4167

48
48

.3333
.4167

48
48

.3542
.4167

48
48

.5208
.4792

48
48

.5208
.4792

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork.............................................................................
Nightwork.....................„...................................................
Linotype operators:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Machine tenders:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................

MEMPHIS, TENN.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
Foremen, hand bakeries, daywork..................................
Foremen, hand bakeries, nightwork.............................. .
Foremen, machine bakeries, nightwork........................
Oven hands and spongers, machine bakeries, nightwork,
Bakers, second hands:
Bench hands, hand bakeries, daywork...........................
Bench hands, hand bakeries, nightwork....................... .
Bench hands, machine bakeries, nightwork..................

54
54
54

10.4074
.4074
.3519

54
54
54
54

$0.3704
.4074
.4074
.3519

54
54

.3333
.3333

54
54
54

.3148
.3333
.3333

Building trades.
Bricklayers...........................................
Carpenters............................................
Carpenters, stair builders...................
Cement workers, finishers...................
Cement workers’ helpers.....................
Engineers, portable and hoisting.......
Hod carriers.........................................
Inside wiremen....................................
Inside wiremen’s helpers....................
Painters................................................
Plasterers.............................................
Plasterers’ laborers..............................
Plumbers and gas fitters.....................
Sheet-metal workers, shopmen...........
Sheet-metal workers (railroad shops).
Steam fitters........................................
Steam fitters’ helpers...........................
Structural ironworkers.......................
Tile layers............................................

44
44
44
48
48
44
44
48
48
44
44
44
48
48
54
48
48
44
48

.7 00
.5000
.5000
.5000
.3000
.5625
.3000
.4500
.1875
.5000
.7500
.3250
.6250
.4500
.3800
.6250
.2500
.5625
.5625

44
44
44
48
48
44
44
48
48
44
44
44
48
48
54
48
48
44
48

.7500
.5000
.5000
.5000
.3000
.6000
.3000
.4500
.1875
.5000
.7500
.3250
.6250
.4500
.3800
.6250
.3125
.6250
.5625

44

.6500

44

.6500

Granite and stone trades.
Stonecutters..




i 44 hours, June to September.

46
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
MEMPHIS, TENN—Concluded.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Boiler makers, manufacturing shops and railroad shops,
road A ....................................................................................
Boiler makers, railroad shops, road B ....................................
Boiler makers, railroad shops, road C.....................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Molders and core makers.........................................................
Pattern makers, wood..............................................................

May 15,1913.

Rate of
Hours of
wages per labor per
week.
hour.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

54
54

$0.4444
.4100

54
54

$0.4444
.4100

54
54
54

.4100
.3900
.4000

54
54
54

.4100
.4100
.4250

54
54
54
54

.4000
.4100
.3889
.4500

54
54
54
54

.4000
.4250
.4167
.4500

494
49£

.3750
.5000

m
49*

.3750
.5000

48
48
48
48

.4000
.5208
.5000
.2417

48
48
48
48

.4000
.5208
.6250
.2708

48
48
48

.4104
.3698
.2948

48
48
48

.4792
.4375
.3438

48
48
48

.2313
.2948
.3000

48

.5000

48
48
48
48
48

.2813
.3125
.3438
.3125
.5000

48
48

.5000
.5700

45
48

.5778
.5700

48
48

.5208
.6250

45
48

.6222
.6250

48
48

1.0950
1.1050

48
48

1.0950
1.1050

48
48

.5208
.6250

45
48

.6667
.6250

48
48
48
48

.5000
.5000
.4375
.4375

48
48
48
48

.5000
.5000
.4375
.4375

48
48

.5000
.5000

48
48

.5000
.5000

57
57

$0.3158
.3158

57
57

$0.3158
.3158

57
57

.2807
.2632

57
57

.2807
.2632

57
57

.2632
.2281

57
57

.2632
.2281

Millwork.
Carpenters:
Bench work........................................................................
Stair work..........................................................................
Printing trades, book and job.
Compositors...............................................................................
Electrotypers...........................................................................
Linotype operators...................................................................
Pressfeeders, cylinder press.....................................................
Pressmen, cylinder:
Foremen, 2 presses.............................................................
Operating 2 presses............................................................
Operating 1 press...............................................................
Pressmen, platen:
Operating 1 or 2 presses.....................................................
Operating 3 presses............................................................
Operating 4 presses............................................................
Operating automatic press...............................................
Stereotypers........................................................ .....................
Printing trades, newspaper.

Compositors:
Daywork.............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Head “ ad” men:
Daywork.......................................................... .................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Linotype operators:
Daywork.............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Machine tenders:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork.................................................
Head pressmen, nightwork...............................................
Journeymen, daywork......................................................
Journeymen, nightwork....................................................
Stereotypers:
Daywork.............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................

MILWAUKEE, WIS.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
German union, nightwork.................................................
Hebrew union, daywork...................................................
Bakers, second hands:
German union, nightwork.................................................
Hebrew union, daywork...................................................
Bakers, third hands:
German union, nightwork.................................................
Hebrew union, daywork...................................................




i Per 1,000 ema, nonpareil.

47

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.
T a b le

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
MILWAUKEE, WIS.—Continued.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

Building trades.
Bricklayers.............................................. ................................
Carpenters...................... ............ ..........................................
Cement workers, finishers...............................
Cement workers' helpers.............. .......... .............................
Cement workers’ laborers........................................................
Engineers, hoisting and portable, general work....................
Hod carriers..............................................................................
Inside wiremen......................................................................
Inside wiremen's helpers.......................................................
Laborers, building work......................................
Lathers............................................................................
Marble setters..................................................................
Marble setters' helpers...........................................................
Painters.....................................................................................
Painters, fresco................................................................
Plasterers.............................................................................
Plumbers and gas fitters.................................................
Sheet-metal workers........................................................
Sprinkler fitters........................................................................
Sprinkler fitters’ helpers.........................................................
Steam fitters:
Building work...................................................................
Railroad shops..................................................................
Steam fitters' helpers:
Building work...................................................................
Railroad work....................................................................
Stonemasons.............................................................................
Structural iron workers...........................................................
Structural iron workers, finishers.....................................
Tile layers..................... ........................................................ i
Tile layers' helphers.................................................................

May 15, 1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

44
44
48
48
48
M8
48
44
44
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
3 48
44
44

$0.6500
.4500
.4500
.3500
.2750
.6250
.3250
.4500
.2500
.3250
.5313
.5625
.2813
.5000
. 5000
.6500
. 5625
.4250
.5000
.2813

44
44
48
48
48
244
48
44
44
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
* 48
44
44

$0.6750
.5000
.4500
.3500
.3000
. 6250
.3250
.4500
.2500
.3250
.5313
.6250
. 3750
.5000
.5000
.6500
.6250
.4250
.5313
.3125

44
4 50

.5000
5.3162

44
4 50

.5625
6.3315

44
4 50
44
» 48
9 48
44
44

.2500
7.2091
.6500
.5625
.5625
. 6250
.3438

44
* 50
44
9 48
9 48
44
44

.2813
8.2193
.6750
.5625
.5625
.6250
.3438

44

.5000

45
44
44

.4000
.5000
.5000

4 50
4 50
4 50
4 50

i°. 2907
1 . 2958
2
3672
n.3060

4 50
4 50
4 50
4 50

n.3060
is. 3111
is. 3825
is. 3213

4 50
* 50
4 50
* 50
54

1 . 2244
7
19.2142
20.4080
17.2244
.3167

4 50
4 50
4 50
4 50
54

is. 2346
17.2244
21. 4233
1 2346
8.
. 3167

55
55
55
2 50
2
44

.3300
.4000
.2750
23. 4029
.4250

55
55
55
2 50
2
44

Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters:

Inside men................................................................................

j

Outside men......................................................................
Stonecutters.............................................................................
Metal trades.

Blacksmiths, railroad shops:
Forging machine men.......................................................
^Trip hammermen.............................................................
Hammermen......................................................................
Regular scale..................................................
Blacksmiths’ helpers, railroad shops:
Hammermen’s helpers........... ..........................................
Regular scale.................. ...................................................
Boiler makers, railroad shops..................................................
Boiler makers' helpers, railroad shops................................
Core makers....................... ............ .........................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops............ ............................................
Tool and die makers..........................................
Specialists.........................................................................
Railroad shops.........................................................
Breweries..........................................................................

1 44 hours in June, July, August, and September.
248 hours, January to April and November and December.
8 44 hours, June 15 to Sept. 15.
4 54 hours, October to April,
s SO
.3100, October to April.
6 $0.3250, October to April.
7 $0.2050, October to April.
8 $0.2150, October to April.
9 44 hours, June to October.
i° $0.2850, October to April.
1 $0.3000, October to April.
1
12$0.2900, October to April.




.3300
.4000
.2750
2 .4182
4
.4500
1 $0 .,3050, October to April.
3
ii $0.3600, October to April.
15 $0 .,3750, October to April.
is $0.3150. October to April.
1 $0.2200, October to April.
7
18 $0. 2300, October to April.
19 $0. 2100, October to April.
20 $0 . 4000, October to April.
24 $0 .4150, October to April,
22 5 4 hours, October to April.
23 $ 0 .,3950, October to April.
2 $0,
4 .4100, October to April.

48

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
MILWAUKEE, WIS.— Concluded.
May 15,1912.

May 15,1913.

Hours of
Rate of
Hours of
labor per wages per labor per
week.
hour.
week.

Trade.

Metal trades—Concluded.
Molders, iron:
Bench.................................................................................
Floor and machine............................................................
Pattern makers:
Jobbing shops....................................................................
Manufacturing shops
.
,,
. . ___ _
Millwork.
Carpenters................................................................................
Painters, hardwood finishers..................................................
Printing trades, bool: and job.
Compositors:
English union....................................................................
German union
....................
Electrotypers:
Molders..............................................................................
Finishers............................................................................
Battery men and builders................................................
Linotype operators:
English union....................................................................
German union................................................................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses, 25 by 38 inches and over......................
Cylinder presses, under 25 by 38 inches...........................
Cylinder presses, patent insides.......................................
Cylinder presses, with automatic feed.............................
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operating 1 or 2 presses....................................................
Operating 1 single-color Harris press...............................
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 4 presses............................................................
Operating 3 presses............................................................
Operating 1 or 2 presses....................................................
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork:
English union....................................................................
German union....................................................................
Compositors, nightwork:
English u n io n ...................................................................
Gorman union...................................................................
Linotype operators, daywork:
English union....................................................................
German union...................................................................
Linotype operators, nightwork:
English union....................................................................
German union...................................................................
Pressmen, web presses, daywork:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Journeymen.......................................................................
Pressmen, web presses, nightwork:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Journeymen.......................................................................
Stereotypers:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................

Rate of
wages per
hour.

54
54

$0.3500
.3611

m
55

.4500
.3750

49£
55

.5000
.3750

54
49£

.3250
.3500

54
49J

.3300
.3750

48
48

.3958
.3750

48
48

.4167
.4375

48
48
48

.4375
.4375
.3125

48
48
48

.4375
.4375
.3125

48
48

.4688
.4167

48
48

.4792
.5000

48
48
48
48

.2917
.2083
.3229
.2917

48
48
48
48

.3125
.2292
.3438
.3125

48
48

.4375
.3542

48
48

.4375
.3542

48
48
48

.3542
.3125
2708

48
48
48

.3750
.3333
.2917

48
48

.4479
.3750

48
48

.4583
.4167

48
48

.5208
.4375

48
48

.5208
.4792

48
48

.4479
.4167

48
48

48
48

.5208
.4792

48
48

.4583
.4375
«
.5208
.5000

48
48

.4375
.3963

48
48

.4375
.3963

48
48

.4375
.3963

48
48

.4375
.3963

48
48

.4188
.4188

48
48

.4375
.4375

60
60
60
60

$0.3167
.3333
.3000
.3167

54
54
54
54

$0.3519
.3704
.3333
.3519

60
60

.2667
.2833

54
54

.2963
.3148

60
60

.1333
.1667

54
54

.1481
.1852

54
54

$0.3500
.3611

MINNEAPOLIS, MINN.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands, German union:
Foremen, one or more men, daywork..
Foremen, one or more men, nightwork
Foremen, working alone, daywork___
Foremen, working alone, nightwork...
Bakers, second hands, German union:
Bench hands, daywork.........................
B ench hands, nightwork......................
Bakers, third hands, German union:
Helpers, first year, daywork................
Helpers, first year, nightwork..............




UNIOisT SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.

49

T a b le I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
MINNEAPOLIS, MINN.— Continued.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

May 15,1913.
Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

Building trades.
Bricklayers.....................................
Carpenters.......................................
Engineers, hoisting and portable..
Inside wiremen...............................
Inside wiremen, fixture hangers...
Inside wiremen’s helpers...............
Lathers............................................
Marble cutters and setters.............
Marble setters’ helpers...................
Painters...........................................
Painters, fresco...............................
Plasterers........................................
Plasterers’ tenders..........................
Plumbers and gas fitters...............
Sheet-metal workers.......................
Sprinkler fitters..............................
Sprinkler fitters’ helpers................
Steam fitters...................................
Steam fitters’ helpers.....................
Stonemasons...................................
Structural ironworkers...................
Structural ironworkers, finishers...
Tile layers.......................................
Tile layers7helpers.........................

$0.6500
.5000
.5000
.5000
.4500
.3750
.5000
.5625
.3125
.4500
.4500
.7000
.4063
.5625
.4500
.5000
.3125
.5625
.2813
.5500
.5625
.5625
.6250
.2850

$0.6500
.5000
.5000
.5000
.4500
.3750
.5000
.5625
.3125
.5000
.5000
.7000
.4063
.5625
.5000
.5313
.3125
.5625
.2813
.5500
.5625
.5625
.6250
.2850

.4250

.4750
.5625
.5625

Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters:
Inside men...
Outside men.
Stonecutters.......

.5625
Metal trades.

Blacksmiths, railroad shops...............
Blacksmiths’ helpers, railroad shops.

Boiler makers:
Railroad shops, road A .................
Railroad shops, road B .................
Railroad shops, road C .................
Boiler makers’ helpers:
Railroad shops, road A .................
Railroad shops, road B .................
Core makers..........................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops....................
Breweries.......................................
Flour mills.....................................
Railroad shops..............................
Molders, iron.......................................
Pattern makers:
Jobbing shops................................
Manufacturing shops....................
Railroad shops..............................
Millwork.
Carpenters........................................................

150
i 50

2.3366
4.2244

i 50
i 50

3.3519
&.2346

i 50
i 50
i 50

e. 4233
s. 4437
9.3570

i 50
i 50
i 50

7.4386
s .4394
®.3570

.3222

150
i 50
54

io. 2295
ii . 2374
.3222

.3350
.4500
.3500
.4279
.3667

59
54
55
53
54

.3350
.4850
.3500
. 4279
.3667

.4200
.4000
.4080

54
55
50

.4400
.4250
.4080

.3333

54

.3333

.4167

48

54

Printing trades, book and job.
Compositors..................................................... .
Electrotypers:
Molders and finishers................
Helpers.....................................
1 53 hours, October to April; paid for 54 hours.
2 $0.3362, October to April.
3 $0.3515, October to April.
* $0.2242, October to April.
5 $0.2343, October to April,
e $0.4228, October to April.

33136°—Bull. 143—14------ 4




.3611
.2778
7 $0.4381,
8 $0.4432,
s $0.3566,
1 $0.2292,
0
u $0.2394,

October to April.
October to April.
October to April.
October to April,
October to April.

.4375
.3611
.2778

50

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able I . — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
MINNEAPOLIS, MINN.—Concluded.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

May 15,1913.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

48
48

$0. 4792
.4792

48
48

$0.5000
.5400

48
48

.2552
.2083

48
48

.2813
.2500

48
48

.4063
.4479

48
48

. 4250
.4896

48
48

.2813
.3229

48
48

.3125
.3525

48
48
48
48
42

.4792
.4063
.5417
i .1000
i .1100

48
48
48
48
42

.5400
.4063
.6000
i .1050
1.1150

48
48

.4792
.5417

48
48

.5400
.6000

54
54
54
43

.4074
.3333
.2963
.4063

54
54
54
48

.4444
.3611
.3241
.4063

10.3000

60

$0.3000

. 3167
. 4510
.4706
.2083

60
51
51
72

.3167
.4706
.4902
.2083

60
51
51
72

.2667
.3922
.4118
.1667

60
51
51
72

.2667
.4118
.4314
.1667

60
60

.2333
.2500

60
60

.2333
.2500

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

.6500
.5000
.6250
.3500
.6875
.3500
.5625
.4688
.3125
.6250
.3750
.4400
.6500
.5625
.5500
.5500

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

.6500
.5000
.6250
.3500
.6875
.3500
.5625
.4688
.3125
.6875
.4063
.4400
.6500
.6250
.6000
.6250

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Printing trades, book and job-—
Concluded.
Linotype operators...................................................................
Machinists.................................................................................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses..................................................................
Platen presses.....................................................................
Pressmen, cylinder:
Operating 1 or 2 presses.....................................................
Operating 3 presses............................................................
Pressmen, platen:
Operating 1 to 3 presses.....................................................
Operating 4 or more presses..............................................
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork:
English union.....................................................................i
German union....................................................................
Compositors, nightwork, English union.................................
Linotype operators, daywork: English union.......................
Linotype operators, nightwork: English union....................
Machinists:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Pressmen, web:
Head pressmen, daywork.................................................
Tension men, daywork......................................................
Oilers and platers, daywork..............................................
Stereotypers, dayw ork............................................................

NEWARK, N. J.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
German union, in 2-man and 3-man shops and oven
mens’ helpers.................................................................
German union, in 4-man shops, oven men and dough
m ixers............................................................................
Hebrew union, daywork...................................................
Hebrew union, nightwork.................................................
Italian union......................................................................
Bakers, second hands:
German union....................................................................
Hebrew union, daywork...................................................
Hebrew union, nightwork.................................................
Italian union.......................................................................
Bakers, third hands:
German union, 3-man shops.............................................
German union, 4-man shops.............................................
Building trades.
Bricklayers...............................................................................
Carpenters.................................................................................
Cement workers, finishers........................................................
Cement workers’ helpers.........................................................
Engineers, hoisting and portable............................................ \
Hod carriers............................................................................. 1
Inside wiremen......................................................................... ;
Inside wiremen, fixture hangers.............................................
Inside wiremens’ helpers......................................................... ■
Marble setters............................................................................ ;
Marble setters’ helpers............................................................. 1
Painters..................................................................................... !
Plasterers..................................................................................
Plumbers and gas fitters......................................................... 1
Sheet-metal workers................................................................. j
Steam fitters............................................................................. 1
i Per 1,000 ems, nonpareil.




60
1
60 I
51
51
72

51

TIN TOM SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1913.
T able

I . —UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
NEWARK, N. J.—Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

Building trades—Concluded.
bteam fitters’ helpers, union A ...............................................
Steam fitters’ helpers, union B ................. ..................... .......
Stonemasons.......
„ ...................................... , .......... . .
Structural iron workers............................................................
Structural iron workers, finishers’ helpers.............................
Tile layers.................................................................................
Tile layers’ helpers...................................................................
Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters.........................................................................
Stonecutters:
First class...........................................................................
Second class........................................................................
Third class..........................................................................
Metal trades.
Core makers.................................... .........................................
Machinists:
All-round men................... ...............................................
Die makers.................... ....................................................
Outside men......................
...................................
Molders, iron:
Bench..................... ...........................................................
Floor...... ............................
...................................
Pattern makers, wood:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Jobbing shops......................... ........ ..................................
Millwork.
Carpenters.................................................................................

Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

May 15, 1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

44
44
44
44
44
44
44

$0.3000
.3000
.6500
.6250
.4375
.6250
.3750

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

.5000

44
44
44

.6250
.5625
.5000

44
44
44

.6875
.6250
.5625

$0.3313
.3125
.6500
.6250
.4375
.6250
.3750

.5
4

.3611

54

.3889

54
54
48

.3611
.4200
.6200

54
54
48

.3611
.4200
.6200

54
54

.3611
.3889

54
54

.3889
.3889

m
44

.4444
.5313

49J
44

.4444
.5313

44

.3500

44

.3500

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.3750
.4167
.4375
.3750
.4375
.3750
.4583
.4583

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

A lo7
.4583
.4792
.4167
.4792
.4167
.4792
.4792

48
48

.3125
.3542

48
48

.3333
.3750

Printing trades, book and job.

Bookbinders:
Cutters, sheet straighteners...............................................
Cutters, duplex.............................................................
Finishers and first class forwarders...................................
Forwarders, second class...................................................
Rulers, first class................................................................
Rulers and second class finishers......................................
Compositors..............................................................................
Linotype operators.......................................
.
. . .
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses.................................................................
Cylinder presses, assistant pressman................................
Pressmen, cylinder:
Operating 1 or 2 presses....................................................
Operating 2-color presses; one-machine process work, 1
or 2 machines................
..........................................
Pressmen, operating 1 automatic press..................................
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 2 automatic presses.........................................
Operating 5 or 6 presses.....................................................
Operating 3 or 4 presses.....................................................
Operating 1 or 2 presses....... ............................................
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork, English union..................................
Compositors and linotype operators, daywork, German
union......................................................................................
Compositors, nightwork, English union................................
Compositors and linotype operators, nightwork, German
union............................................ ........................ ..............
Linotype operators, daywork......... .......................................
Linotype operators, nightwork...............................................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork.................................................
Head pressmen, nightwork..............................................
Tension men, floormen, oilers, and platers, daywork_
_
Tension men, floormen, oilers, and platers, nightwork..
Stereotypers:
Daywork......... ..................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................




48

.4792

48

.5000

48
48

.5000
.3750

48
48

.5208
.4167

48
48
48
48

.4375
.3958
.3542
.3125

48
48
48
48

.4583
.4167
.3750
.3333

46

.6087

46

.6087

40
46

.5000
.6739

40
46

.5250
.6739

40
46
46

.5625
.6087
.6739

40
46
46

.5875
.6087
.6739

48
36
48
36

.5833
.5833
.4792
.6389

48
36
48
36

.6250
.6250
.5000
.6667

48
48

.5313
.5729

48
48

.5625
.5625

52
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
NEW HAVEN, CONN.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
German union, hand and machine bakeries...................
Hebrew union, foremen....................................................
Bakers, second hands:
German union, hand and machine bakeries...................
Hebrew union^ hand bakeries..........................................
Bakers, third hands:
Gerrnan utiirin, hanrl fvnfl machine bakeries_____. _
Hebrew TW vn, band bakeries r.
lV
. , . ..........

Hours of
labor per
week.

May 15,1913.

Rate of
Hours of
wages per labor per
hour.
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

54
60

$0.3704
.3667

54
60

$0.3704
.3833

54
60

.3148
.3000

54
60

.3148
.3167

54
60

.2963
.2667

54
60

.2963
.2833

Structural iron workers...........................................................
Structural iron workers, finishers..........................................
Structural iron workers, finishers’ helpers.............................

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

.6000
.4500
.5000
.2800
.4091
.5000
.6000
.5450
.4773
.4775
.2500
.5000
. 5625
.5625
.3500

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

.6000
.4750
.5000
.2800
.4091
.5000
.6000
.5450
.4773
.5000
.2500
.5500
.6250
.6250
.3800

Granite and stone trades.
Granitecutters:
Inside m e n ........................................................................
Outside m en......................................................................
Stonecutters.............................................................................

44
44
44

.3750
.4375
.5000

44
44
44

.4100
.4700
.5625

53
53
53
53

.2904
.1987
.2904
.2140

53
53
53
53

.3057
.2140
.2904
.2292

59
54
54
53

.3559
.3333
.4444
.2904

59
54
54
53

.3559
.3333
.4444
.2904

53
59

.3515
.3508

53
59

.3770
.3763

48

.4063

48

.4063

54
54
54
48
48
48

.2222
.3333
.3333
.4583
.3750
.3125

54
54
54
48
48
48

.2962
.3704
.3704
.4583
.3750
.3125

48
48

.4583
.5208

48
48

.4688
.5313

48
48

.4583
.5208

48
48

.4688
.5313

48
48

.4896
. 5833

48
48

.5000
.5938

Building trades.
Engineers, hoisting and portable............................................

Plumbers..................................................................................
Sheet-metal workers................................................................
Steam fitters.............................................................................

Metal trades.
Blacksmiths, railroad shops....................................................
Blacksmiths helpers, railroad shops......................................
Boiler makers, railroad shops..................................................
Boiler makers’ helpers, railroad shops...................................
Machinists:
All-round men, large shops...............................................
All-round men, small shops..............................................
Tool and die makers..........................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Pattern makers, wood:
Manufacturing and railroad shops...................................
Largo manufacturing shops..............................................
Printing trades, book and job.
Compositors..............................................................................
Electrotypers:
Battery men and builders................................................
Finishers............................................................................
Molders...............................................................................
Linotype operators...................................................................
Pressmen, cylinder, operating 1 or 2 presses..........................
Pressmen, platen, operating 1 to 3 presses.............................
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork.............................................................
Compositors, nightwork..........................................................
Linotype operators:
D ayw ork ..........................................................................
Nightwork.........................................................................
Machine tenders:
Daywork ..........................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................




UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1913.

53

T a b le I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
NEW HAVEN, CONN.—Concluded.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

May 15,1913.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

54
36
54
36

$0.5556
.6944
.3889
.5000

54
36
54
36

$0.5556
.6944
.3889
.5000

56
36

.4732
.6250

56
36

.5089
.6667

44
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

$0.6250
.4000
.5000
.4500
.2000
.6250
.2500
. 4000
. 6250
.3250
.5625

44
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

$0. 6250
.4000
.5000
.4500
.2000
.6250
.2500
.4000
.6250
.3250
.5625

48
54
54
48
44
44

48
54
54
48
44
44

44

.3750
. 4000
. 4200
.5625
.6250
.5625
.5625
.3500

44

.3750
.4000
.4200
.5625
.6250
.6250
.6250
.3500

48
48

.4000
.4000

48
48

.4500
.5000

54
54
54
54

.3611
.3850
.3950
.4200

54
54
54
54

.3611
.3850
.3950
.4200

54
54
54

.2500
.2200
.2000

54
54
54

.2500
.2200
. 2000

54
54
54

.3889
.4200
.3900

54
54
54

.3889
.4200
.3900

54
54
54

.2500
.1950
.3611

54
54
54

.2500
.1950
.3611

54
54
54
54
54
54
54

.3889
. 4444
.4200
.4000
.3900
.3611
.3611

54
54
54
54
54
54
54

.3889
.4444
.4200
.4000
.3900
.3611
.3611

54 i

. 3056

54

.3056

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Printing trades, newspaper—Concluded.
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork.................................................
Head pressmen, nightwork...............................................
Journeymen, daywork......................................................
Journeymen, nightwork...................................................
Stereotypers:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................

NEW ORLEANS, LA.
Building trades.
Bricklayers.................................................
Carpenters...................................................
Engineers, hoisting and portable..............
Inside wiremen...........................................
Inside wiremen’s helpers...........................
Marble cutters and setters.........................
Marble cutters and setters’ helpers...........
Painters.......................................................
Plasterers....................................................
Plasterers’ laborers.....................................
Plumbers and gas fitters...........................
Sheet-metal workers:
Shopmen..............................................
Railroad shops, road A .......................
Railroad shops, road C .......................
Steam fitters...............................................
Stonemasons...............................................
Structural iron workers.............................
Structural iron workers, finishers.............
Structural iron workers, finishers’ helpers

44

44

Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters, inside men.......................
Graite cutters, machine men.......................
Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops...........................
Railroad shops, road A .......................
Railroad shops, road B .......................
Railroad shops, road C........................
Blacksmiths’ helpers:
Manufacturing shops...........................
Railroad shops, roads A and C...........
Railroad shops, road B .......................
Boiler makers:
Manufacturing shops...........................
Railroad shops, road C............: .........
Railroad shops, roads A and B ..........
Boiler makers’ helpers:
Railroad shops, road C .......................
Railroad shops, roads A and B ..........
Core makers................................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops...........................
Outside men........................................
Railroad shops, road C ........................
Railroad shops, road A .......................
Railroad shops, road B .......................
Molders, iron: Floor and bench................
Pattern makers, w ood...............................
Millwork.
Carpenters...................................................




54
T able

BULLETIK OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
NEW ORLEANS, L A —Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Printing trades, bool: and job.
Bookbinders:
Cutters................................................................................
Finishers............................................................................
Forwarders.........................................................................
Forwarders, half-bound....................................................
Rulers.................................................................................
Compositors..............................................................................
Electrotypers............................................................................
Press feeders, cylinder presses.................................................
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operating cylinder presses...............................................
Operating cylinder and platen presses.............................
Pressmen, platen presses: Operating 1 or 2 presses...............
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Linotype operators:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork.........................................................................
Machine tenders:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork.................................................
Assistant foremen, daywork.............................................
Second assistant foremen, daywork.................................
Tension men, daywork......................................................
Brakemen, daywork.........................................................
Oilers and platers, daywork.............................................
Stereotypers:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................

Rate of
wages per
hour.

May 15,1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

0$. 3125
.3750
.3750
.2500
.3750
. 4271
. 4375
.3125

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

$0.3125
.3750
.3750
.2500
.3750
.4375
.4375
.3125

48
48
48

.4063
.4063
.3438

48
48
48

.4063
.4063
.3438

48
48

.5500
.6000

48
48

.5500
.6000

48
45

1.1000
1.1200

48
45

1.1000
i. 1200

42£
45

.5500
.6111

42§
45

.5500
.6111

48
48
48
48
48
48

.5357
.3393
. 3036
.3393
. 3036
.2857

48
48
48
48
48
48

.5357
.3393
.3036
.3393
.3036
.2857

48
48

.3213
.4000

48
48

.3213
.4000

1

NEW YORK, N. Y.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
Bohemian union................................................................
English union.....................................................................
German union, union A, Manhattan, Brooklyn, Rich­
mond, and Queens.........................................................
German union, union B, Manhattan, East Side............
German union, union B, Manhattan, West Side, Bronx.
German union, union B, machine, Brooklyn, Queens,
and Richmond................................................................
Hebrew union....................................................................
Hebrew union, East Side.................................................
Italian union......................................................................
Scandinavian union...........................................................
Bakers, second hands:
Bohemian union.........................................................
English union.
German union, union A, Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens,
and Richmond...............................................................
German union, union B, Manhattan, East Side............
German union, union B, Manhattan, West Side, and
Bronx..............................................................................
German union, union B, machine bakeries, Brooklyn,
Queens, and Richmond............................................... .
Hebrew union.................................................................. .
Hebrew union, East Side...............................................
Italian union.....................................................................
Scandinavian union.........................................................




1 Per 1,000 ems, nonpareil.

51
56

$0.3529
.3571

51
56

$0.3529
.3571

60
54
60

.3000
.3519
.3000

54
54
60

.3333
.3519
.3000

54
51
51
66
66

.3704
.5098
.4706
.2121
.2576

54
51
51
61
60

.3704
.5098
.5098
.2623
.3000

51
56

.3039
.2857

51
56

.3039
.2857

60
54

.2500
.2963

54
54

.2778
.2963

60

.2500

60

.2500

54
51
51
66
66

.2963
.4314
.3922
.1515
.2273

54
51
51
61
60

.2963
.4314
.4314
.1967
.2667

55

UNION' SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1913.
T a b le I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
NEW YORK, N. Y.— Continued.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

May 15, 1913.

Rate of
Hours of
Hours of
labor per wages per labor per
week.
hour.
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Bakery trades—Concluded.
Bakers, third hands:
Bohemian union................................................................
English union.....................................................................
German union, union A , Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens,
and Richmond................................................................
German union, union B, Manhattan, East Side............
German union, union B, Manhattan, West Side............
German union, union B , Bronx......................................
Hebrew union........................................................ ...........
Hebrew union, East Side.......................... ......................
Italian union......................................................................
Scandinavian union................................... .......................

Manhattan (insidft bfinnhmp.n)...... .. .

Plasterers’ laborers.........................................................................

Plumbers and gas fitters:
Manhattan, Bronx, and Brooklyn................................
Queens..............................................................................
Richmond.....................................
Sheet-metal workers:
Manhattan, Bronx, and Kings....................................
Queens..........
............
.
. . .
Richmond........................ ............................................
Steo/mfitters......................................................
Steamfitters’ helpers.............................................................
Stonemasons:
Manhattan and Bronx...................................................
Brooklyn, Queens, and Richmond...............................
Structural ironworkers and finishers......................................
Structural ironworkers, finishers’ helpers..............
Tile layers.........................................................................
Tile layers’ helpers......... .....................................
Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters:
Inside men................................................
Outside men...............................................
Outside m en2....................................
Machine m en..............................................
Stonecutters:
First class........................................
Second class.....................................................
Third class................................................................
Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Inside men......... . ....................
Outside men..............................................
Inside men, helpers..........................
. .
Outside men, helpers........................................................
1 Scale became SO
.6250 on Aug. 7,1913.




51
56

$0.2549
.2143

60
54
60
60
51
51
66
66

.2167
.2593
.2167
.2333
.3725
.3529
.1212
.1818

54
54
60
60
51
51
61
60

.2407
.2593
.2167
.2333
.3922
.3922
.1639
.2167

44

.7000

44

.7000

44
44
44
44

.6250
.5000
.5000
.5625

44
44
44
44

.6250
.5000
.5000
.5625

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
48
44
44
44
44
44
44

.4725
.6250
.3750
.6591
.3750
.5625
.2750
.2250
.6250
.3750
.5000
.5625
.6875
.4063

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
48
44
44
44
44
44
44

.4725
.6250
.3750
.6875
.3750
.5625
.2750
.2250
.6875
.4063
.5000
.5625
.6875
.4063

44
44
44

.6875
.6250
.5313

44
44
44

.6875
.6250
.5313

44
44
48
44
44

.5938
.5625
.5000
.6875
.3750

44
44
48
44
44

1.5938
K5625
K5000
.6875
.3750

44
44
44
44
44
45*

.5750
.4375
.6250
.4375
.6250
.3626

44
44
44
44
44
45*

.6000
.5000
.6250
.4375
.6875
.3626

.5000
.5625
.5625
.5625

44
44
44
44

.5000
.6250
.6875
.5625

44
44
44

.............

Richmond (outside men)..................................................
Brooklyn, Bronx, and Queens (outside men)...............
Brooklyn, Bronx, Queens, and Richmond (inside
bench men)......................................................................
Cement workers, finishers.......................................................
Cement workers, helpers........................................................
Engineers, portable and hoisting............................................
H od carriers.............................................................................
Inside wiremen.......................................................................
Inside wiremen, helpers...........................................................
Laborers................................................................
Marble setters...........................................................
Marble setters’ helpers.............................................................
Painters............................
Painters, fresco....................................................................
Plasterers................................

$0.2549
.2143

44
44
44
44

Building trades.
Bricklayers................................................................................
Carpenters:
Manhattan (outside men).................................................

51
56

.6250
.5625
.5000

44
44
44

.6838
.5625
.5000

53
44
53
44

.4528
53
44
.5000
53
.2808
.3100
44
2 Trim and fit stone cut outside of city.

.4528
. 5000
.2808
.3100

56

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able I .—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH
C ITY , B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.

NEW YOBK, N. Y.—Continued.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

Metal trades—Concluded.
Boiler makers:
Inside men..........................................................
Outside men (stand pipes, water towers, etc.).
Outside men.......................................................
Boiler makers’ helpers, inside men..........................
Boiler makers’ helpers, outside men........................
Core makers...............................................................
Foundry laborers. . . .................................................
Foundry laborers, Manhattan..................................
Machinists:
All-round men....................................................
All-round men....................................................
All-round men....................................................
Repair shops and printing-press work..............
Auto-repair shops...............................................
Printing-press factories.......................................
Printing-press rooms..........................................
Outside men........................................................
Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and machine..............
Molders’ helpers........................................................
Pattern makers, wood:
Manufacturing shops..........................................
Manufacturing shops..........................................
Jobbing shops.....................................................
Architectural work.............................................
Pattern makers, plaster............................................
Pattern makers, metal..............................................
Millwork.
Carpenters:
Manhattan and Bronx.............................
Brooklyn, Queens, and Richmond.........
Pr inting trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Cutters, 1-knife machine..........................
Cutters, 3-knife machine..........................
Finishers, blank work, first class.............
Finishers, blank work, second class.........
Forwarders, printed w ork ......................
Forwarders, blank work, first class.........
Forwarders, blank wqrk, second class...
Rulers, first class......................................
Rulers, second class..................................
Operators on rounding-in machine.........
Compositors:
Bohemian union.......................................
English union............................................
German union...........................................
Hebrew union...........................................
Hungarian union......................................
Italian union.............................................
Electrotypers:
Branch men...............................................
Finishers............................. .....................
Molders......................................................
Linotype operators:
English union...........................................
G erman union...........................................
Hebrew union...........................................
Hungarian union......................................
Italian union.............................................
Machine tenders:
1 to 4 machines..........................................
5 to 8 machines..........................................
9 to 12 machines........................................
13 or more machines.................................
Press feeders:
Pressmen, first assistants.........................
Pressmen, second assistants....................




May 15,1913.

Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

54
44
44
54
44
54
54
54

i. 4167
.6250
.5313
.2889
.4375
.3889

48
51
52£
44
48
51
48
44
54
54

.4063
.3824
.3714
.5313
.4375
.3824
.5625
.6250
.3889
.2222

49*
51
44
48
49*
48
44
54
54

53
53
44
50
50
44

.4530
.4530
.5313
.5000
.4860
.5000

53
50
44
48
48
44

.4530
.5000
.5313
.5325
.5100
.5000

48
50

.3542
.3100

48
50

.3542
.3100

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.4167
.4792
.4792
.3750
.3958
.4375
.3750
.5000
.4375
.4375

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.4167
.4792
.5000
.4375
.4167
.5000
.4375
.5000
.4375
.4792

48
48
44
46
45
48

.3750
.4788
.5227
.5217
.4222
.3750

48
48
44
46
42
48

.3750
.5000
.5455
.5217
.4762
.4375

44
44
44

.5000
.6250
.6250

44
44
44

.5000
. 6250
.6250

48
37J
36
45
48

. 5213
.6533
. 7778
.4889
.4063

48
37*
36
42

.5417
.6667
.8056
. 5476
.4375

48
48
48
48

.5208
.5521
.6146
. 6563

.2222

.2200

54
44
44
54
44
54
54
54

48
48
48

$0.4167
.6250
.5313

.2222

.2200

.4063
.4000
.3824
. 5313
.4375
.4000
.5625
. 6250
.3889
.2222

.5208
. 5521
.6146
.6563
.4375
.3854

57

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1913.

Tabx-s I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
NEW YORK, N. Y.—Concluded.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

May 15,1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Printing trades, book and job—Concluded.
Press feeders—Concluded.
Pr^ss assistants, w e b ____ ________

___ ___

1 automatic press...............................................................
2 automatic presses............................................................
Job press.............................................................................
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operating 1 or 2 presses....................................................
Cottrell or offset presses..... ............................................. i
Ticket or multi presses......................................................
Cartwright job presses......................................................
1 single-roll rotary press....................................................
Man in charge process press..............................................
Magazine presses..............................................................
McKee process presses......................................................
Magazine presses, 2 feeders...............................................
Pressmen, platen presses:
4 single or 2 double Kidder, Auto, or Kavmore, 2 presses
Nos. 6 to 18,1 press...........................................................
4 to 5 presses, or Auto, 2 presses.......................................
Auto or Kavmore presses..................................................
1 to 3 presses, Nos. 1 to 7, 20 to 21, Auto, 1 press............

48
48
48
48
48

$0.3750
.4167
.3438
.3854
.2500

48
48
48
48
48

S . 3750
O
.4375
.3542
.3854
.2500

48
48
48

.5208
.5625
.6250

48
48
48

.6771
.6979
.7031

.5208
. 5625
.6250
.4375
.6771
.6979
.7031
.7292
.7813

48

. 7813

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

.5208
.4792
.4375
.4167
.3958

48
48
48
48
48

.5208
.4792
.4375
.4167
.3958

42
45
m
36
45
48

. 4286
.6444
.6533
.7778
. 5111
.4333

42
45
m
36
42
48

.4286
.6667
.6667
.8056
.5714
.4667

45
371
27
45
42

.7111
.7200
1.0370
.5556
.5119

45
37J
27
42
42

.7333
.7333
1.0741
.6190
.5476

42
45
37£
36
45
48

.4762
.6444
.6533
.7778
.5111
.4063

42
45
m
36
42
48

.4762
.6667
.6667
.8056
.5714
.4375

45
37*
27
45
42

.7111
.7200
1.0370
.5556
.5119

45
m
27
42
42

.7333
.7333
1.0741
.6190
.5476

45
45

.5778
.6889

45
45

.5778
.6889

45
45

.6889
.8000

45
45

.6889
.8000

45
38
45
38

.6667
.8158
.5333
.6579

45
38
45
38

.6893
.8421
.5560
.6842

48
38

.5625
.7237

48
38

.6250
.7895

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork:
Bohemian union................................................................
English union.....................................................................
German union....................................................................
Hebrew union....................................................................
Hungarian union...............................................................
Italian union......................................................................
Compositors, nightwork:
English u n ion ...................................................................
German union....................................................................
Hebrew union....................................................................
Hungarian union...............................................................
Italian union...................................................................... !
Linotype operators, daywork:
Bohemian union................................................................
English union.....................................................................
German union....................................................................
Hebrew union....................................................................
Hungarian union...............................................................
Italian union......................................................................
Linotype operators, nightwork:
English union.....................................................................
German union...................................................................
Hebrew union....................................................................
Hungarian union...............................................................
Italian union.................................................. ...................
Machine tenders, daywork:
5 to 8 machines..................................................................
13 or more machines....................... ..................................
Machine tenders, nightwork:
5 to 8 machines..................................................................
13 or more machines..........................................................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork................. ..............................
Head pressmen, nightwork...............................................
Journeymen, daywork......................................................
Journeymen, nightwork...................................................
Stereotypers:
Davwork.............................................................................
Nightwork................................... .....................................




58
T able

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
OMAHA, NEBR.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

Hours of
labor per
week.

May 15, 1913.

Rate of
Hours of
wages per labor per
hour.
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands (foremen):
Daywork.............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Bakers, second hands (oven men):
Daywork.............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Bakers, third hands (bench hands):
Daywork.............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................

54
54

$0.2963
.2963

54
54

$0.2963
.2963

54
54

.2778
.2778

54
54

.2778
.2778

54
54

.2593
.2593

54
54

.2593
.2593

44
44
44
44
44
44

.7000
.5000
.5000
.5625
.5000
.2500

44
44
44
44
44
44

.7000
.5000
.5000
.5625
.5000
.2500

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
144
44
44
44
244
244
44
44

.6250
.4063
.5000
.5000
.7500
.3500
.6825
.4250
.6825
.2813
.7000
.5625
.5625
.6250
.3125

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
144
44
44
44
244
244
44
44

.6250
.4063
.5000
.5000
.7500
.3500
.6825
.4250
.6825
.2813
.7000
.5875
.5875
6250
.3500

44

.5500

44

.5875

54
54
54
54

.4000
.4000
.3900
.4000

54
54
54
54

.4000
.4000
.4100
.4150

54
54

.2250
.2250

54
54

.2250
.2250

54
54
54
54
54

.4000
.3900
.4000
.2400
.3611

54
54
54
54
54

.4000
.4100
.4150
.2400
.3611

54
54
54
54
54
54
54

.4000
.4444
.4000
.4000
.3900
.1600
.3667

54
54
54
54
54
54
54

.4000
.4444
.4000
.4150
.4100
.2000
.3667

54

.3000

54

.3000

Building trades.
Bricklayers................................................................................
Carpenters.................................................................................
Carpenters, stair builders.........................................................
Engineers, hoisting and portable: Building work.................
Inside wiremen.........................................................................
Inside wiremen’s helpers.........................................................
Lathers:
Metal...................................................................................
W o o d .................................................................................
Painters...................................„................................................
Painters, fresco............................ ............................................
Plasterers..................................................................................
Plasterers’ laborers...................................................................
Plumbers and gasfitters...........................................................
Sheet-metal workers.................................................................
Steam fitters.............................................................................
Steam fitters’ helpers...............................................................;
Stonemasons............................................................................. 1
Structural ironworkers...........................................................
Structural ironworkers, finishers............................................
Tile layers.................................................................................
Tile layers’ helpers...................................................................
Granite and stone trades.
Stone cutters.............................................................................
Metal trades.

Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops......................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Railroad shops, road A ......................................................
Railroad shops, road B .................................................
Blacksmiths’ helpers:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railway shops...................................................................
Boiler makers:
Railroad shops................................................................. .
Railroad shops, road A „....................................................
Railroad shops, road B ......................................................
Boiler makers’ helpers, railroad shops....................................
Core makers..............................................................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing and jobbing shops....................................
Automobile repair shops...................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Railroad shops, road C......................................................
Railroad shops, road A ......................................................
Machinists’ helpers, railroad shops.........................................
Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and machine.............................
Millwork.
Carpenters, cabinet makers.....................................................
148 hours, August to December.




!

2 48 hours, October to April.

U N IO N " S C A L E OF W A G E S A N D H O U R S OF L A B O R , M A Y
T able

59

15^ 1913.

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
OMAHA, NEBR.—Concluded.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

May 15, 1913.

Hours of
Hours of
Rate of
Rate of
labor per wages per labor per wages per
week.
week.
hour.
hour.

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Forwarders, first class.......................................................
Forwarders, second class...................................................
Finishers............................................................................
Rulers................................................................................
Cutters................................................................................
Compositors.............................. ...............................................
Electro typers, molders.............................................................
Electrotypers, finishers, builders, casters, and battery men..
Linotype operators...................................................................
Press feeders, cylinder press............................................... .
Pressmen, cylinder presses, operating 1 or 2 presses.........
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 1 to 3 presses....................................................
Operating 4 presses....... ..................................................
Operating 5 presses...........................................................

54
54
54
54
54
48
48
48
48
48
48

$0.3333
.2963
.3333
.3333
.2963
.3750
.4375
.4375
.5000
.2292
.3750

54
54
54
54
54
48
48
48
48
48
48

$0.3333
.2963
.3333
.3333
.2963
.3750
.4375
.4375
.5000
.2292
.3750

48
48
48

.3125
.3333
.3542

48
48
48

.3125
.3333
.3542

48
48

.5000
.5625

48
48

.5000
.5625

48
48

.5000
.5625

48
48

.5000
.5625

48
48

.5000
.5625

48
48

.5000
.5625

48
48
48
48
48
48

.3750
.3750
.3750
.3750
.2500
.2500

48
48
48
48
48
48

.3750
.3750
.3750
.3750
.2500
.2500

48
48

.4688
.4688

48
48

<5000
.5000

62
51

$0.2903
.4510

60
51
60

$0.3000
.4706
.3000

62
51

2419
3922

51
60

.2500
.4118
.2667

2963

51
60

.3148
.2333

44
44
44

.6250
.7000
.5000

44
44
44

.6250
.7000
.5000

49|
49J
44
44
44

.4500
.3000
.5000
.3500
.2500
.4500
.2500

49£
m
44
44
44
44
44

.4500
.3000
.5625
.3500
.2500
.4500
. 2500

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork......................... ............... .................. ..............
Nightwork............................................................... .........
Linotype operators:
Daywork....................................... ...................................
Nightwork.........................................................................
Machine tenders:
Daywork.................... ............................. ..........................
Nightwork.................................. .....................................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork................................................
Head pressman, nightwork.......... ...................................
Tension men, daywork....................................................
Tension men, nightwork...................................................
Press assistants, daywork................................................
Press assistants, nightwork...............................................
Stereo typers:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork............................ ...........................................

PHILADELPHIA, PA.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
German union.......
Hebrew union........
Polish union..........
Bakers, second hands:
German union.......
Hebrew union.......
Polish union..........
Bakers, third hands:
Hebrew union.......
Polish union..........
Building trades.
Bricklayers..................................................................
Bricklayers (tunnel and sewer work)........................
Carpenters...................................................................
Cement workers:
Finishers...............................................................
Helpers..................................................................
Engineers, hoisting and portable...............................
Hod carriers, mortar mixers, and scaffold builders..
Hod carriers, wheelbarrow men................................
Inside wiremen................................................... .......
Inside wiremen’s helpers............................................




1 44 hours, June to September.

60
T

able

B U L L E T IN

OF T H E

BUREAU

OF L A B O R

S T A T IS T IC S .

I . — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PHILADELPHIA, PA.—Continued.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

May 15, 1913.

Rate of
Hours of
Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per labor per wages per
week.
hour.
week.
hour.

Building trades—Concluded.
Marble setters...............................................
Marble setters’ helpers................................
Painters........................................................
Painters, fresco.............................................
Plasterers......................................................
Plasterers’ laborers.......................................
Plumbers and gas fitters:
Union A ..............................................
Union B .................................................
Sheet-metal workers....................................
Steam fitters.................................................
Steam fitters’ helpers...................................
Stonemasons.................................................
Structural iron workers..............................
Structural iron workers, finishers..............
Structural iron workers, finishers’ helpers .
Tile layers.....................................................
Tile layers’ helpers.......................................

44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44

$0. 6000
. 3000
.4250
.4775
.6250
.4375

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

j

$0.6000
.3000
.4250
.4775
.6250
.4375
.5000
.4375
.5000
.4375
.2500
.5000
.6000
.6000
.4500
.6250
.3750

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

.5000
.4375
.5000
.5000
.2813
.5000
.6000
.6000
.4500
.6250
. 3750

44
44
44

.5000
. 5625
.5000

44
44
44

.5000
.5625
.5000

54
44
60
44
54

. 3333
.5000
.3000
.3750
.3444

49
44
60
44
54

.3333
.5000
.3333
.3750
.3444

54
54
48
55
44
54

. 3333
.3750
.4375
.3500
.5000
.3611

54
54
48
55
44
54

. 3333
.3750
.4375
.3500
.5000
.3611

50
50

. 3750
.4000

50
50

.3750
.4200

50
50

.5000
.3600

50
50

.5000
.3600

48
48
48
48

. 3750
.3542
.3333
.2604

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.4583
. 4375
.3958
.3958
.3750
.3542
.4375
.3958
.3958
.3542
. 3542
. 3333
.3542
.3750

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.3750
.3542
.3542
.3125
.2604
.4583
.4375
. 3958
.3958
.3750
.3750
.4375
.3958
.3958
. 3542
. 3750
.3333
.3542
.3958

48

.3750
.4167

48
48
48
48

.3750

48
48
48

4
4

Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters:
Inside and outside men...................... .
Machine men....................................... .
Stonecutters.................................................
Metal trades.
Boiler makers:
Inside men.............................................
Outside men..........................................
Railroad shops......................................
Boiler makers’ helpers, outside men..........
Core makers..................................................
Machinists:
All-round men......................................
Die makers............................................
Press rooms...........................................
Railroad shops......................................
Outside men........................................ .
Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and machine.,
Pattern makers, wood:
Manufacturing shops............................
Jobbing shops........................................
Millwork.
Carpenters....................................................
Painters, hardwood finishers.................... .
Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Cutters, machine, union A .........................................
Cutters, stock, union A ..............................................
Cutters, book and sheet, union A ..............................
Cutters, stock, union B ..............................................
Cutters, assistants, union B .......................................
Finishers, extra, union B ...........................................
Finishers, job, union A ...............................................
Finishers, sheep and plain, union B .........................
Finishers, full bound, union A ..................................
Finishers, half bound, union A ..................................
Finishers’ assistants, union B ....................................
Forwarders, extra job, union B .................................
Forwarders, plain, sheep, and half bound, union B..
Forwarders, job, full bound, union A .......................
Forwarders, full and half bound, stock, union A ...
Forwarders, cloth, union B ........................................
Forwarders, half bound, union A ..............................
Rulers, union C ...........................................................
Compositors........................................................................
Electrotypers:
Battery men and builders..........................................
Finishers......................................................................
Molders........................................................................
Linotype operators............................................................




.4583
.4167

.4167

.4583
.4375

U N I O N S C A L E OF W A G E S A N D H O U R S OF L A B O R , M A Y

15, 1913.

61

T a b l e I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PHILADELPHIA, PA.—Concluded.
1
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

Hours of
labor per
week.

May 15, 1913.

Rate of
Hours of
wages per labor per
hour.
week.

Rate of
wages per
week.

Printing trades, bool: and job—Concluded.
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses, 25 by 38 inches or over........................
Cylinder presses, under 25 by 38 inches.........................
Cylinder presses, all other.................................................
Flat bed, perfecting press..................................................
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
In charge of 2-color flat-bed presses with automatic
feeders.............................................................................
In charge of 2-color flat-bed cylinder presses...................
Operating 1 flat-bed perfecting press with automatic
feeders..............................................................................
Operating 2 presses with automatic feeders....................
Operating 1 flat-bed perfecting press................................
Operating 2 flat-bed presses..............................................
Operating 1 cylinder and 3 platen presses.......................
Operating not over 2 Adams presses................................
Overlay cutters..................................................................
In charge of web presses in book and job offices.............
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 2 presses or 1 two-color press...........................
Operating automatic platen presses (provers)................
Operating more than 4 presses..........................................
Operating 3 or 4 presses....................................................
Operating 1 or 2 presses...................................................

48
48
48
48 ;

$0.2500
. 2083
. 1771
.2708

48
48
48
48

$0.2813
.2396
.2083
.3021

48
48

. 4583
. 4583

48
48

. 5417
.5000

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

. 4792
. 4583
. 4375
. 4375
. 4167
.3646
.4167
.5521

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.5000
. 4792
.4583
.4375
.4375
.3750
. 4375
.5729

48
48
48
48
48

. 4167
.3750
. 3542
. 3125
.2708

48
48
48
48
48

.4583
. 3958
.3750
.3333
.3021

48
48

.4167
.5000

48
48

.4167
.5250

42
46
40

.5238
.4783
.5500

42
46
40

.5238
.4783

48
40

.4583
.5000

48
40

. 4583
.5250

46
42
40
48
46

.5435
.5238
.5500
.4583
.5435

46
42
40
48
46

. 5435
.5238
.5750
.4583
.5435

48
48
48
48

.5208
.3750
.3438
.4063

48
48
48
48

.5208
.3750
.3438
.4375

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork:
English union...................................................................
German union...................................................................
Compositors, nightwork:
English union, lobster shift.............................................
English union...................................................................
German union...................................................................
Linotype operators, daywork:
English union...................................................................
German union...................................................................
Linotype operators, nightwork:
English union...................................................................
English union, lobster shift.............................................
German union....................
.....................................
Machine tenders, daywork......................................................
Machine tenders, nightwork....................................................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, day and night........................................
Brakemen and tension men, day and night....................
Oilers and platers, floor men, day and night..................
Stereotypers, day and night....................................................

PITTSBURGH, PA.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
German union (foremen)..............
Hebrew union (foremen)..............
Polish union..................................
Bakers, second hands:
German union...............................
Hebrew union...............................
Polish union..................................
Bakers, third hands:
German union, bench men..........
Hebrew union, bench m en..........
Polish union..................................
Building trades.
Bricklayers............................................
Carpenters.............................................
Engineers, hoisting and portable.........




$0.3333
.4706

>3333
.
.4902
.4167

. 2593
.3922

.2963
.4118
.3542

.2778
.3529

.2778
.3725
.3125

.6500
.5000
.5625

.7000
.5500
.5625

62
T able

B U L L E T IN

OF T H E

BUREAU

OF L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S ,

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PITTSBURGH, PA.—Continued.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

Building trades—Concluded.
Hod carriers..............................................................................
. ...................... Inside wiremen.. „ .......... „ . , .
Inside wiremen’ s helpers.........................................................
Laborers....................................................................................
Lathers......................................................................................
Marble setters...........................................................................
Marble setters’ helpers.............................................................
Painters....................................................................................
Plasterers..................................................................................
Plumbers..................................................................................
Plumbers’ laborers................................................................
Sheet-metal workers................................................................
Sprinkler fitters........................................................................
Steam fitters.............................................................................
Steam fitters’ helpers...............................................................
Stonemasons.............................................................................
Stonemasons, laying dressed stone.........................................
Structural ironworkers...........................................................
Structural ironworkers, finishers...........................................
Structural ironworkers, finishers’ helpers............................
Tile layers.................................................................................
Tile layers’ helpers...................................................................
Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters:
Inside men.........................................................................
Outside men......................................................................
Stonecutters....................................................
....
Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Locomotive works.............................................................
Locomotive works, hammermen......................................
Blacksmiths’ helpers:
Manuiaeturing shops.........................................................
Locomotive works.............................................................
Boiler makers:
Inside men.........................................................................
Outside men......................................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Boiler makers’ helpers:
Inside men.........................................................................
Outside men......................................................................
Core makers..............................................................................
Machinists:
All-round men...................................................................
Breweries...........................................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Molders, iro n ...........................................................................
Pattern makers:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Jobbing shops....................................................................
Millwork.
Carpenters.................................................................................

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
Hours of
Rate of
wages per labor per wages per
hour.
week.
hour.

44
48
48
48
44
48
48
44
44
i 48

$0.3750
.5000
.2500
.2500
.6250
.6250
.3750
.5250
. 6250
.6250

44
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
48
48

.5000
.5625
.5625
.3125
.5500
.6500
.5625
.5938
.4250
.6250
.3250

44
48
48
48
44
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
48
48

$0.3750
.5750
.2500
.2500
.6250
.6250
.3750
.5500
. 6250
.6250
.3125
.5500
.5625
.5625
.3125
.5500
.6500
.6250
.6250
.4500
.6250
.3250

48
48
44

.4375
.5500
.5000

44
44
44

.5000
.6250
.5000

54
50
50

.3333
.3250
.8889

48
50
50

.3750
.3250
.8889

54
50

.2222
. 2250

48
50

.2813
.2250

54
48
60

.4000
.5000
.3250

54
48
60

.4000
.5000
.3600

54
48
54

.2500
.4000
.4167

54
48
54

.2500
.4000
.4444

54
48
60
54

.3500
.4000
.2700
.4167

54
48
60
54

.3500
.4200
.2800
.4444

54
54

.4200
.4500

54
54

.4500
.5000

54

.3889

54

.3889

.3958

48

.3958

.3125
.3438
.4375
.5000

48
48
48
48

.3125
.3438
.4375
.5000

.4792
.4688

48
48

.4792
.4688

.2708
.1875

48
48

.2708
.1875

Printing trades, book and job.
Compositors, English union....................................................
48
Electro typers:
48
Battery men.....................................................................
48
Builders...........
........................................................
48
Finishers.............................................................................
48
Molders...............................................................................
Linotype operators:
English union ..................................................................
48
48
German union....................................................................
Press feeders:
48
Cylinder..............................................................................
48
Platen................................................................................. i
1 44 hours, June to September.




May 15,1913.

63

i ' N i n y SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.
T able

I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PITTSBURGH, PA.—Concluded.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

Hours of
labor per
week.

May 15,1913.

Rate of
Hours of
wages per labor per
hour.
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Printing trades, book and job—Concluded.
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operators of—
1 or 2 presses......... .................................................
2-cvlinder presses and platen presses........................
3-cylinder presses and platen presses........................
Pressmen, platen presses: Operating 1 to 5 presses.,............

48
48
48
48

$0.3750
.4375
.4792
.3750

48
48
48
48

$0.4167
.4792
.5208
.3750

48

.5500

48

.5500

48
48
48

.6000
.5313
.5500

48
48
48

.6000
.5313
.5500

48
48
48

.6000
.5313
.6250

48
48
48

.6000
.5313
.6250

48
48
48
48
48

.4689
.4063
.4000
.4000
.3750

48
48
48
48
48

.4689
.4063
.4000
.4000
.3750

48
48

.4500
.4500

48
48

.4688
.4688

54
54
54
54

$0. 4630
.3889
.3889
.3704

51
51
51
51

$0.4902
.4412
.4118
.4118

54
48

.3333
.3750

51
51

.3725
.3725

44
48

.7500
.5000

48
48
48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
48
48
48
44
44
48
44
44

.6250
.4375
.3438
.6250
.5000
.3750
.5625
.5625
.5000
.3438
.6250
.3750
.5000
. 7500
C)
1
.7500
.5625
.7500
.3750

44
44
54
48
48
48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
48
48
48
44

44
44
44
48
48

.6250
.6250
.4167
.6875
.4063

.7500
.5000
.5500
.6250
.4375
.3438
.6250
.5000
.3750
.5625
.5625
.5000
.3438
.6875
.3750
.5000
.7500
0)
.7500
.5625
.7500
.3750
.7500
.6250
.6250
.4167
.6875
.4063

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork................. .........................................
Compositors, nightwork:
English union.....................................................................
German union...................................................................
Linotype operators, daywork, English union........................
Linotype operators, nightwork:
English union.....................................................................
German union....................................................................
Machine tenders, daywork and nightwork...........................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressman, daywork and nightwork......................
First assistant, daywork and nightwork........................
Second assistant, daywork and nightwork....................
Third assistant, daywork and nightwork......................
Fourth assistant, daywork and nightwork....................
Stereotypers:
Daywork......... ..................................................................
Nightwork......................... ................................................

PORTLAND, OREG.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
Foremen over 2 or more men, hand bakeries.
Foremen over 1 man, hand bakeries..............
Oven men, hand bakeries................................
Oven men and bench men, hand bakeries___
Bakers, second hands:
Bench hands, hand bakeries...........................
Bench hands, machine bakeries.....................
Building trades.
Bricklayers...................................................................
Carpenters.....................................................................
Carpenters, stair builders.............................................
Cement workers, finishers............................................
Cement workers’ helpers..............................................
Cement workers, laborers.............................................
Engineers, hoisting and portable................................
Hod carriers, mortar mixers, and plasterers' helpers.
Hod carriers, wheelers..................................................
Inside wiremen........................ ....................................
Inside wiremen, fixture hangers, Union A .................
Inside wiremen, fixture hangers, Union B .................
Inside wiremen’s helpers..............................................
Marble setters................................................................
Marble setters’ helpers....................................... .........
Painters........................................................................
Plasterers................. .....................................................
Plasterers’ helpers........................................................
Plumbers and gas fitters..............................................
Sheet-metal workers.....................................................
Steam fitters..................................................................
Steam fitters’ helpers...................................................
Stonemasons..................................................................
Structural ironworkers................................................
Structural ironworkers, finishers...............................
Structural ironworkers, finishers' helpers.................
Tile layers.....................................................................
Tile layers’ helpers.................... ..................................




0)

1 See Hod carriers, etc.

C)
1

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
48
48

64
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I .—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PORTLAND, OREG.—Concluded.
May 15,1912.
7 rade.

May 15,1913.

Hours of
Rate of
Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per labor per wages per
hour.
week.
week.
hour.

Granite and stone trades.
44
44

$0.6250
.7000

54
54
54
48
54
48
54
48
54
54
54

.4500
.2778
.4444
.5000
.2778
.3125
.4167
.4500
.4167
.5000
.4167

44
44

$0.6250
.7000

Metal trades.
Blacksmiths, manufacturing and jobbing shops...................
Blacksmiths’ helpers, manufacturing and jobbing shops—
Boiler makers, manufacturing shops......................................
Boiler makers, outside men.....................................................
Boiler makers’ helpers, manufacturing shops..........
Boiler makers’ helpers, outside men.......................................
Core makers.................. . *...................................................
Machinists, manufacturing shops.. . .

_. . . .

___

Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and machine..............................
Pattern makers, jobbing shops...............................................
Pattern makers, manufacturing shops. ..................
Mill work.
Carpenters:
Sticker men, layers out, benchmen, shaper handsb, and
sawyers, sash layer-out men, and general machine
men.................................................................................
Bench hands, stock cutters on cabinet work, drum
sanders, and wood turners............................................
Planer men, sash sticker men, stock cutters for sash and
doors, smoothers on veneered hardwood doors............
Putting up sash and doors................................................
Trim sawyers, smoothers on stock for sash and doors,
mortise men, tenon men, elbow sanders......................
Painters, hardwood finishers...................................................

54
54
54
48
54
48
54
48
54
52£
54

. 4500
.2778
. 4444
.5000
. 2778
.3750
.4167
.4500
.4167
. 5143
. 4444

54

.4500

54

.4000

54
54

.3500
.3250

54

.3750

54
54

.3000
.3750

48
48
48
48

.4375
.5313
.5000
.6563

48
48
48
48

.4375
.5313
. 5000
.6563

48
48

.3438
.2917

48
48

.3438
.2917

48

.5625

48

.6250

48

.4688

48
48
48

.6250
.5313
.5000

48
48

. 4375
.3750

48
48

.5000
.4375

45
45

.6833
.7500

45
45

.6833
.7500

45
45

.6833
.7500

45
45

.6833
.7500

45
45

.6833
.7500

45
45

.6833
.7500

48
45£
48
45|

.6875
.7912
.5313
.5934

48
45£
48
45J

.6875
.7912
.5313
.5934

48
48

.5313
.5313

48
48

.5625
.5625

Printing trades, book and jobBookbinders, all classifications...............................................
Compositors..............................................................................
Electrotypers, all classifications.............................................
Linotype operators...................................................................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses.................................................................
Platen presses...................................................................
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operating 1 cylinder and 1 or 2 platen presses, foremen..
Operating 1 cylinder and more than 2 platen presses,
foremen............................................................................
Operating 2 presses............................................................
Operating 1 press...............................................................
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 3 presses..........................................................
Operating 1 or 2 presses.....................................................
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Linotype operators:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Machine tenders:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork............................................
Head pressmen, nightwork...............................................
Journeymen, daywork......................................................
J irneymen, nightwork....................................................
Stere^ypers:
Daywork...........................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................




65

UNIO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.
T able

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PROVIDENCE, R. I.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

May : 5, 1913.
1

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

60
60
60

$0.3333
.3000
.2500

60
C
O
60

$0.3667
. 3333
.2833

Hod carriers, mortar mixers and carriers...............................
Inside wiremen.........................................................................
Inside wiremen’s helpers.........................................................
Laborers, concrete mixers, and barrow men..........................
Laborers, excavating................................................................
Painters.....................................................................................
Plasterers...................................................................................
Plumbers and gas fitters.........................................................
Sheet-metal workers.................................................................
Steam fitters..............................................................................
Steam fitters’ helpers...............................................................
Stonemasons..............................................................................
Stonemasons, foundation walls...............................................
Structural ironworkers............................................................
Structural ironworkers, finishers...........................................
Structural ironworkers, finishers’ helpers.............................

44
44
44
44
50
50
44
44
50
50
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

.6000
.6500
.4500
.5000
.2813
.3000
.4375
.2738
.2500
.2250
.4091
.6000
.5000
.4100
.3750
.2500
.6000
.5000
. 5625
.5625
.4800

41
44
41
44
50
50
44
44
50
50
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

.6500
. 7500
.5000
.5000
.2813
.3000
. 4375
.2738
.2500
.2250
.4545
.6250
.5625
.4600
.4375
.2500
.6500
.5000
.5625
.5625
.4800

Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters:
Inside men........................................ ................................
Machine men......................................................................
Outside men.......................................................................
Stonecutters..............................................................................

i 45
i 45
i 45
44

.3850
.4688
.4063
. 5000

45
45
45
48

.4063
.5000
.4500
.5000

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands, Hebrew union.........................................
Bakers, second hands, Hebrew union.....................................
Bakers, third hands, Hebrew union.......................................
Building trades.
Bricklayers................................................................................
Bricklayers, tunnel, sewer, and caisson work........................
Carpenters....... . ........................................................................
Engineers, portable and hoisting............................................

Metal trades.
Core makers...............................................................................
Machinists:
All-round, railroad shops..................................................
Specialists...........................................................................
Tool and die makers.........................................................
Breweries............................................................................
Molders, iron............................................................................
Pattern makers.........................................................................
Printing trades, book and job.
Compositors..............................................................................
Linotype operators...................................................................
Press feeders, cylinder..............................................................
Press feeders, platen................................................................
Pressmen, cylinder............... ..................................................
Pressmen, platen:
Operating 1 to 3 presses....................................................
Operating Universal presses, 14 by 22 inches and over .
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Linotype operators:
Daywork.. ........................................................................
Day (piecework)................................................................
Nightwork........................................................................
Night (piecework).............................................................
Machine tenders:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
»48 hours, January to April and October to December.
3 Same scale as platen feeders, 1912.

33136°—Bull. 143—14------5




54

54

.3056

.2750
.2200
.3500
.4375
.3056
. 4000

55
55
55
48
54
55

.2750
.2200
.3500
.4375
.3056
.4000

48
48
(2)

.3056

55
55
55
48
54
55

48
48

. 3750
.4792
(2)
. 2083
.3542

48
48
48
48
48

. 3750
.4792
. 2500
.2083
.39.58

48

.2813

48
48

.3125
.3542

48
45

.4792
.5556

48
45

.4792
.5556

48
48
45
45

.4792
3. 1100
.5556
3.1200

48
•
tfe
45

.4792
3.1100
. 5556
3.1200

48
45

.4792
48
.5556
45
3 Per 1,000 ems, nonpareil.

.4792
.5556

66
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PROVIDENCE, R. I.—Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

Hours of
labor per
week.

May 15, 1913.

Rate of
Hours of
Rate of
wages per labor per wages per
hour.
week.
hour.

Printing trades, newspaper—Conc’ uded.
Pressmen, web press:
Head pressmen, daywork.................................................
Brakemen, tension men, oilers, and platers, daywork...
Head pressmen, nightwork...............................................
Brakemen, tension men, oilers, and platers, nightwork.
Stereo typers:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................

48
48
42
42

$0.4313
.4125
.5196
.4714

48
48
42
42

$0.4313
.4125
.5196
. 4714

42
42

.5000
.5000

42
42

. 5714
.5714

45
48
48
48
48
54
48
48
48
48

$0.6500
.3750
.4375
.3750
.1563
.2778
.3750
.4688
.4688
.5625

45
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
44
48

$0.6500
.3750
.4375
.4375
.1875
.3750
.3750
.5000
.5000
.5625
.5000

48
48

.4375
.5000

44
44

.5000
.5450

55
50
50
54
54
54

.3250
.3250
.7000
.3486
.3800
.3900

55
50
50
54
54
54

.3250
.3250
.7000
.3686
.4000
.4100

54
54
54

.3926
.3850
.3900

54
54
54

.4126
.4050
.4100

54
54
54

.1950
. 2050
.3378

54
54
54

.2150
.2250
.3611

55
55
55
54
54
54
55

.3500
.3550
.2500
.3654
.3900
.3900
.4000

55
55
55
54
54
54
55

.3500
.3550
.2500
.3854
.3900
.4100
.4000

50
54
54
54

.3722
.3333
.4167
.4278

50
54
54
54

.3722
.3333
.4167
.4500

48
48
48
48
48
48

.2500
.3125
.3333
.3333
. 4167
.2083

48
48
48
48
48
48

3125
.3125
.3333
.3333
.4167
.2083

RICHMOND, VA.
Building trades.
Bricklayers............................................
Carpenters..............................................
Engineers, hoisting and portable.........
Inside wiremen......................................
Inside wiremen’s helpers......................
Painters.................................................
Plasterers...............................................
Plumbers and gas fitters......................
Steam fitters..........................................
Structural iron workers........................
Tile layers..............................................
Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters..
Stonecutters___

Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops A ......................
Manufacturing shops B ......................
Hammer men.......................................
Railroad shops, road A .......................
Railroad shops, road C........................
Railroad shops, road B .......................
Boiler makers:
Manufacturing shops, road A .............
Manufacturing shops, road C..............
Manufacturing shops, road B .............
Boiler makers’ helpers:
Manufacturing shops, roads A and C.
Manufacturing shops, road B.............
Core makers....................... .........................
Machinists:
All-round men.....................................
Manufacturing shops...........................
Specialists............................................
Railroad shops, road A ........................
Railroad shops, road C........................
Railroad shops, road B........................
Tool and die makers...........................
Molders, iron:
Locomotive works...............................
Manufacturing shops...........................
Plow works..........................................
Railroad shops.....................................
Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Cutters............................................................
Finishers, forwarders, and rulers.................
Compositors..........................................................
Electrotypers........................................................
Linotype operators..............................................
Press feeders, cylinder presses............................




67

U NIO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1913.
T able

I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
RICHMOND, VA.—Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

May 15, 1913.

i..

Printing trades, booh and job—Concluded.
Press feeders, platen presses...................................................
Pressmen, 1 or 2 cylinder presses................................... ........ !
Pressmen, 2 or more platen presses........................................
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Linotype operators:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Machine tenders:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Pressmen’s assistants........................................................
Stereotypers:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................

Rate of
wa?es per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

48
48
48

~
SO.1563
.2917
.2083

48
48
48

$0.1563
.2917
.2083

48
48

.3333
.3750

48 !
48 !

.3333
.3750

48
48

.4167
. 4583

48 :
43

. 4167
. 4583

48
48

.4167
. 4583

48 i
48 .

. 4167
.4583

48
48

. 4583
.2917

.4583
.2917

48
48

. 3542
.3626

48
48 ■
I
48
48 i
I

54
54
54

$0.3148
.3148
.4074

.3542
.3646

ST. LOUIS, MO.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands, hand bakeries:
Bonemian union, foremen, over less than 5 men..........
German union, foremen..................................................
Hebrew union, foremen, oven men...............................
Bakers, first hands, machine bakeries:
German union, foremen..................................................
German union, oven men............................................... .
German union, assistant oven men...............................
German union, spongers................................................. .
Bakers, first hands, cake bakeries: German union, foremen
with less than 4 men.............................. ........................... .
Bakers, second hands, hand bakeries:
Bohemian union, bench hands.......................................
German union, bench hands.......................................... .
Hebrew union, bench hands...........................................
Bakers, second hands, machine bakeries:
German union, assistant spongers...................................
German union, bench hands.......................................... .
Bakers, second hands, cake bakeries: German union, bench
hands................................................................................... .
Bakers, third hands, hand bakeries: Hebrew union............ .
Bakers, third hands, machine bakeries: German union,
bakers’ helpers.....................................................................
Building trades.
Bricklayers..............................................................................
Bricklayers, sewer w ork .........................................................
Carpenters..........................................................................
Cement workers, finishers......................................................
Cement workers’ helpers........................................................
Cement workers* laborers......................................................
Engineers, hoisting and portable..........................................
Engineers, hoisting and portable (2
Hod carriers:
Brick men..................................
Mortar men................................
Inside wiremen................................
Inside wiremen, fixture hangers___
Inside wiremen’s helpers.................
Laborers, building work..................
Marble setters................. ..................
Marble setters’ helpers.....................
Painters.............................................




54
54
54
54

54
54
54

$0.3148
.3148
.4630

.3889 !
.3148
.2963
.3148

54
54
54
54

.3889
.3148
.2963
.3148

54

.3148

54

.3148

54
54
54

.2778
.2778
.3333

54
54
54

.2778
.2778
.4074

54
54

.2963
.2778

54
54

.2963
.2778

54
54

.2778
.2963

54
54

.2778
.3704

54

.2037

54

.2037

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

.7000
1.0000
.6250
.6250
.4500
.4000
.7500
.8750

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

.4200
. 4500
.6500
.5625
. 1875
.2500
.6250
.3438
.5500

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44 |
i
44 |
44 i
44 !
44 i
44 i
44 ;
44 !
44
44 '

.7000
1.0000
.6250
.6250
.5000
.4000
.7500
.8750
.4200
.4500
.6500
.5625
. 1875
.2500
.6250
.3438
.5750

68

B U L L E T IN

OF T1IE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able I . — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
ST. LOUIS, MO.—Continued.
May 15,1912.

May 15,1913.

of
Rate of
Hours of
Rate oi
per wages per labor per wages per
hour.
week.
hour.
1

Building trades—Concluded.
Plasterers.........................................................
Plasterers’ laborers..........................................
Plumbers and gas fitters................................
Plumbers’ laborers..........................................
Sheet-metal workers........................................
Sprinkler fitters...............................................
Sprinkler fitters’ helpers.................................
Steam fitters....................................................
Steam fitters’ helpers......................................
Steam fitters, in breweries..............................
Steam fitters’ helpers, in breweries................
Stonemasons....................................................
Structural ironworkers..................................
Structural ironworkers, finishers...................
Tile layers........................................................
Tile layers’ helpers..........................................

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

$0.7500 j
. 5625
.6625
.3750
.6000
.6250
.3125
.6875
. 3750
.5750
.3250
.6000
.6500
.6500
.6250
.3438

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

$0.7500
.5625
.6625
.3750
.6000
.6250
.3125
.7500
.3750
.7500
.3750
.6000
.6500
.6500
.6250
.3438

Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters:
Inside men___
Machine men..
Outside men..
Stonecutters........

44
44
44
44

.5000
.5625
.5625
.5625

44
44
44
44

.5000
.6000
.6000
.5625

54
54

.3333
.3800

54
54

.3333
.4000

54
54

.2300
.2400

54
54

.2300
.2550

54
44
54

.4000
.5625
.4000

54
44
54

.4000
. 6328
.4100

54
44
54
54

.2400
.4000
.2700
.3722

54
44
54
54

.2400
.4000
.2700
.3889

54
54
54
54

.3333
.2778
.2500
.2278

54
54
54
54

.3333
.2889
.2611
.2389

54
54
44
48
54
54
54

.3300
.4000
.6250
.5000
.3900
.2500
.3333

54

.3722

54
54
44
48
54
54
48
54
54

.3300
.4200
.6250
.5250
.4150
.2750
. 5000
.2000
.3889

54
50
54
50

.5500
.4800
.3600
.4800

44
50
54
50

.6000
.4800
.3900
.5300

Carpenters, cabinetmakers.............................
Painters, hardwood finishers..........................

44
44

.3600
.4000

44
44

.3600
.4000

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Cutters......................................................
Finishers, first class..................................
Finishers, second class.............................
Forwarders, blank-book work.................

48
48
48
48

.3958
.4792
.4375
.3958

48
48
48
48

.3958
.4792
.4375
.3958

Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops.........................
Railroad shops...................................
Blacksmiths’ helpers:
Manufacturing shops.........................
Railroad shops...................................
Boiler makers:
Manufacturing shops........................
Outside men.......................................
Railroad shops...................................
Boiler makers’ helpers:
Manufacturing shops.........................
Outside men.......................................
Railroad shops...................................
Core makers...............................................
Foundry laborers:
Cupola tenders, machinery molding.
Cupola tenders, stove molding..........
Casting shippers and cleaners ..........
Molders’ helpers.................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops.........................
Tool and die makers..........................
Outside men.......................................
Breweries............... ............................
Railroad shops...................................
Specialists................ ..........................
Printing machinery repair shops----Machinists’ helpers, railroad shops.........
Molders, iron, bench and floor...............
Pattern makers, wood:
Jobbing shops.....................................
Manufacturing shops.........................
Railroad shops...................................
Steel mills...........................................
Millwork.




U NION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR/ M A Y 15, 1913.
T able

69

I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
ST. LOUIS, MO.—Continued.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

May 15, 1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Printing trades, book and iob—Concluded.
B ookbinder s—Conclu ded.
Forwarders, printed work...............................................
Folding machine operators..............................................
Rulers, first class.............................................................
Rulers, second class.........................................................
Compositor^:
Bohemian union...............................................................
English union........ ..........................................................
German union.................................................................
Electrotypers:
Head m older....................................................................
Molders............... ..............................................................
Finishers...........................................................................
Helpers.............................................................................
Linotype operators:
Bohemian union...................... .......................................
English union...................................................................
Machine tenders........................................... ..........................
Press feeders:
Cylinder press, 24 by 36 and over...................................
Pony press........................................................................
Automatic press...............................................................
Aluminographic press......................................................
Lithographic press, No. 2 or less.....................................
Lithographic press, over No. 2.........................................
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operating 1 press............................................................. .
Operating 2 presses, less than 24 by 36 inches, or 1 single
Harris press, 15 by 18 inches or less..............................
Operating 1 press less than 24 by 36 inches and 2 platen
presses, or 1 press over 24 by 36 inches and 1 or 2 platen
presses, or 1 press less than 24 by 36 inches and 3 platen
presses.............................................................................
Operating 2 presses 24 by 36 inches and over, or 1 press
over 24 by 36 inches and 3 platen presses, or 1 double
or less, or 1 two-color Harris press 15 by 18 inches or less.
Operating 1 multigraph press.........................................
Operating 1 single rotary press....................................... .
Operating 1 cylinder press 24 by 36 inches or over and
1 press with automatic feed...........................................
Operating 1 cylinder press less than 24 by 36 inches and
1 automatic press...........................................................
Operating 1 cylinder press over 24 by 36 inches and 1 au­
tomatic press.................................................................
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 2 presses, or 1 press with automatic feed, or
one 128-inch coupon press............................................ .
Operating 3 presses.......................................................... .
Operating 4 presses or one 42-inch coupon press, or 1
press with automatic feed and 2 platen presses..........
Operating 1 automatic press........................................... .
Operating 5 presses or 2 presses with automatic feed and
1 platen press.................................................................

$0.3958
. 3958
.4479
.3958
. 4375
.4375
.4167

. 4375
. 4375
.4167

.4800
.4400
.4200
.3000

.5208
.4792
.4583
.3333

.5000
.5000
.5000

.5000
.5000
.5000

.3125
.2500
3125
.3333
.2500
.3125

.3125
.2500
.3125
.3333
.2500
.3125

.3542

.3542

.3958

48

$0.3958
.3958
.4583
.4167

.3958

.4375

48

.4688
.5208
.5313

.5208
.5313

.4375

.4375

.4688

.4688

.5208

.5208

.3125
.3438

.3125
.3438

.3750
.3958

48

.3750
.3958

.4063

48

.4063

.5870
.5867

40

.5870
.5867

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork:
English union.......................
German union.......................
Compositors, nightwork:
English union......................
German union................
Linotype operators, daywork:
English un ion......................
German union.......................
Linotype operators, nightwork:
English union........................
German union.......................




.6667
.6667

.6667
. 6667

i .1100

t .1100

.5867
i .1300
.6667
1 Per 1,000 ems, nonpareil.

.5867

i .1300
.6667

70

T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
ST. LOUIS, M O —Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

May 15, 1913.

Hours of
Rate of
Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per labor per wages per
week.
hour.
week.
hour.

Printing trades, newspaper—Concluded.
Machine tenders:
Daywork............................................................
Nightwork.........................................................
Pressmen, web presses, daywork:
Head pressmen..................................................
Journeymen.......................................................
Pressmen, web presses, nightwork:
Head pressmen.................................................
Journeymen.......................................................
Stereotypers:
Daywork............................................................
Nightwork.........................................................

46
45

SO.5870
.6667

46
45

S . 5870
O
.6667

48
48

.5438
.4563

48
48

.5750
.4875

45
45

.5800
.4867

45
45

.6133
.5200

48
44

.5000
.5455

48
43

.5375
.5864

60
60
60

SO.3167
.2833
.2667

54
54
54

$0.3519
.3148
.2963

48
48
48
60
44
44

.6500
.4500
.4500
.5000
.4375
.4375

48
48
48
48
48
44
44
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

. 4563
.5625
.3125
.4500
.4500
.6250
.6250
.4000
.5000
.3000
.5500
.5000
.5000
.6250
.2850

48
48
48
54
44
44
44
44
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
48
48
48
48
48
48
44
44

.6500
.5000
.5000
.5550
.4688
.4688
.4000
.4000
.4563
.5625
.3125
.5000
.5000
.6250
.6250
.5000
.5000
.3000
.5500
.5625
.5625
.6250
.2850

48
44

.5000
.5625

44
44

.5625
.5625

50
50
50
50

.4284
.3264
.3570
.6048

50
50
50
50

.4284
.3264
.3570
.6048

50
50
50
50
50
54

.2550
.2448
.2397
.4437
.2346
.3222

50
50
50
50
50
54

.2550
.2448
.2397
.4437
.2346
.3611

59
54
48

.3350
.4200
.4200

59
54
48

.3350
.4200
.4500

ST. PAUL, MINN.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands, foremen...........
Bakers, second hands, ovenmen_
_
Bakers, third hands, bench hands..
Building trades.
Bricklayers................................................
Carpenters.................................................
Cement workers, finishers........................
Engineers, hoisting and portable............
Inside wiremen.........................................
Inside wiremen, fixture hangers..............
Inside wiremens’ helpers.........................
Inside wiremen, fixture hangers’ helpers.
Lathers......................................................
Marble cutters and setters........................
Marble setters’ helpers.............................
Painters.....................................................
Painters, fresco..........................................
Plasterers..................................................
Plumbers and gas fitters..........................
Sheet-metal workers.................................
Steam fitters.............................................
Steam fitters’ helpers................................
Stonemasons.............................................
Structural ironworkers...........................
Structural ironworkers, finishers...........
Tile layers.................................................
Tile layers’ helpers...................................
Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters, outside men.
Stonecutters...........................
Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Railroad shops, road A ............................. .
Railroad shops, road B .............................
Railroad shops, road C .............................
Hammermen, railroad shops.....................
Blacksmiths’ helpers:
Railroad shops, road A ............................. .
Railroad shops, road B ............................. .
Railroad shops, road C..............................
Boilermakers, railroad shops, road C ..............
Boilermakers’ helpers, railroad shops, road C.
Core makers.......................................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops..................................
Railroad shops............................................
Breweries....................................................




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.
T able

71

I . —TJNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
ST. PAUL, M IN N .— Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

May 15, 1913.

Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

Rate of
Hours of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

Metal trades—Concluded.
Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and machine..
Pattern makers:
Jobbing shops..........................................
Manufacturing shops................. •............
Railroad shops.........................................

54

SO.3500

54

$0.3889

54
55
150

.4200
.4000
.4080

54
55
150

.4400
.4250
.4182

54

.3000

54

.3000

Millwork.
Carpenters, cabinetmakers......................................................
Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Finishers or forwarders, blank work................................
Forwarders or cutters, or folding-machine operators,
printed w ork .................................................................
Rulers................................................................................
Compositors............................................................................. .
Linotype operators...................................................................
Electrotypers:
Molders...............................................................................
Finishers............................................................................
Helpers...............................................................................
Pressfeeders:
Cylinder presses.................................................................
Platen presses.....................................................................
Pressmen, cylinder:
Operating triple rotary presses.........................................
Operating double rotary presses.......................................
Operating 2 Harris presses................................................
Operating 2 automatic presses...................... ...................
Operating single rotary press............................................
Operating double and single presses................................
Operating automatic press...............................................
Operating Harris press......................................................
Operating 1 or 2 presses....................................................
Pressmen, platen:
Operating 1 to 3 presses....................................................
Operating 4 or more

.3673

.3673

.3265
.3673
.4063
.4792

.3265
.3673
.4375
.5000

.5000
.4375
.3333

.5000
.4375
.3333

.2813
.2604

.2813
.2604

.5510
.4898
.4490
.4388

.5918
.5306
.4796
.4796
.4898
.4796
.4286
.4286
.4286

.2551
.3214

.2908
.3418

.5104
.4063
.5729

.5450
.4063
.6100

.5104
*.0900
.4063

3.1000

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork:
English union..................................... .
German union.................................... .
Compositors, nightwork: English union.,
Linotype operators, daywork:
English union..................................... .
English union.....................................
German union.................................... .
Linotype operators, nightwork:
English union..................................... .
German union.................................... .
Machinists:
Daywork............................................. .
Nightwork.......................................... .
Pressmen, web:
Head pressmen........ ...........................
Platers and oilers...............................
Tension men.......................................
Stereotypers:
Daywork.............................................
Nightwork..........................................
1 54 hours, September to April.




.5450
.4063

.4688

*.1100
.4688

.5104
.5729

.5450
.6100

.4375
.3750
.3750

.4375
.3750
.3750

.4063
.4063

.4063
. 4063

2.1000

2 Per 1,000 ems, nonpareil.

72
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

May 15,1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Building trades.

Rate of
wages per
hour.
i
I

Bricklayers...............................................................................
Carpenters.................................................................................
Cement workers......................................................................
Engineers, hoisting and portable............................................
Hod carriers:
Br'ck m en..........................................................................
Mortar men........................................................................
Wheelbarrow men.............................................................
Inside wiremen........................................................................
Inside wiremens’ helpers.........................................................
Painters.....................................................................................
Painters, fresco.........................................................................
Plasterers..................................................................................
Plasterers’ laborers...................................................................
Plumbers and gas fitters..........................................................
Sheet-metal workers................................................................
Sprinkler fitters........................................................................
Sprinkler fitters’ helpers..........................................................
Steam fitters......................... ..................... .............................
Steam fitters’ helpers...............................................................
Stonemasons..................................... .......................................
Structural iron workers...........................................................
Structural iron workers, finishers.......................................

44
44

SO.7500
.6250

44

.5625

44
44
48
44

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

.4375
.5000
.3750
.5625
.3438
.5625
.6250
.7500
.5625
.7000
.5750
. 7000
.3125
.7000
.3125
.6250
.5625
.5625

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

.4375
.5000
.3750
.5625
.3438
.6250
.6250
. 7500
.5625
.7500
.5750
.7500
.3125
. 7500
.3125
.6250
.6250
.6250

44
44

.6250
.6250

44
44

. 6250
. 6250

48
48

.4470
.3100

48
48

. 4470
.3100

54
48

.4300
.4300

54
48

.4300
.4300

54
48
54

.2000
.2900
.3889

54
48
54

.2000
. 2900
.3889

48
54
48
48

.4400
.4444
. 4300
. 2600

48
54
48
48

.4400
.4444
.4300
.2600

48
48
54

.2600
.2500
.4167

48
48
54

.2600
.2500
.4167

49*

.4500

49*

. 4500

48
48
48
48
48
48

.4375
.5000
.5625
.6250
.2917
.4688

48
48
48
48
48
48

.4375
.5000
.5625
.6250
.2917
.4688

48
48
48
48

.3125
.3750
.4375
.5000

48
48
48
48 1

.3125
. 3750
.4375
.5000

$0.7500
.6250
.6250
.6250

Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters..........................................................................
Stone cutters.............................................................................
Metal trades.
Blacksmiths, manufacturing shops........................................
Blacksmiths’ helpers, manufacturing shops...........................
Boiler makers:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Boiler makers’ helpers:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops..... .............................................................
Coremakers...............................................................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops or railroad shops, outside repair
work................................................................................
Smelter furnaces................................................................
Railroad shops,..................................................................
Specialists..........................................................................
Machinists’ helpers:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Molders, iron.............................................................................
Millwork.
Carpenters................................................................................
Printing trades, book andjoh.
Bookbinders.............................................................................
Compositors..............................................................................
Linotype operators...................................................................
Machine tenders.......................................................................
Pressfeeders, cylinder presses..................................................
Pressmen, cylinder presses: Operating 1 or 2 presses............
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 1 or 2 presses....................................................
Operating 3 or 4 presses....................................................
Operating 5 or 6 presses....................................................
Operating 7 presses1.........................................................




1 With an assistant.

73

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUKS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.
T able

I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH—Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
Hours of
labor per
week.

May 15, 1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

SO.6250
.6875

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork.................................................
Nightwork............... ...............................
Linotype operators:
Daywork.............. ..................................
Nightwork...............................................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, day or nightwork........
Journeymen, daywork...........................
Journeymen, nightwork.........................
Stereotypers, day or nightwork...................

Rate of
wages per
hour.

48

Rate of
wages per
hour.

$0.6250
.6875

.

2.1000
2.1100

1.1000
1 1.100

.6250
.4688
.5000
.5000

48

.6250
.4688
.5000
.5000

SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.
Bakery trades.
Bakers:
First hands, foreman, hand bakeries..........................
First hands (oven men), machine bakeries...............
Second hands (bench hands), hand bakeries.............
Second hands, partly oven work, hand bakeries.......
Second hands, partly oven work, machine bakeries..
Third hands, bread and cake, hand bakeries............
Third hands (bench hands), machine bakeries........

54
48
54
54
48
54
48

$0.4630
. 5208
.3889
.4259
.4583
.3704
..4167

54
48
54
54
48
54
48

$0.4630
.5208
.3889
.4259
.4583
.3704
.4167

Building trades.
Bricklayers....................................
Carpenters.....................................
Carpenters, stair builders.............
Cement workers, finishers............
Cement workers, helpers..............
Cement workers, laborers.............
Engineers, portable and hoisting.
Hod carriers...................................
Inside wiremen.............................
Inside wiremen, fixture hangers..
Inside wiremons’ helpers..............
Laborers, building work...............
Laborers, side sewer work...........
Marble setters................................
Marble setters’ helpers..................
Painters..........................................
Plasterers.......................................
Plasterers’ laborers........................
Plumbers and gas fitters..............
Sheet-metal workers......................
Sprinkler fitters..... ......................
Sprinkler fitters’ helpers...............
Steam fitters..................................
Steam fitters’ helpers....................
Stonemasons..................................
Structural ironworkers................
Structural ironworkers, finishers.
Tile layers......................................
Tile layers’ helpers........................

44
44
44
44
44
44
48
44
44
44
44
54
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

.8750
.6250
.6875
.7500
.6250
.5000
.7500
.5000
.6250
.5625
.1875
.2778
.5000
.6250
.3750
.5625
.8750
. 6250
.7500
. 6875
.7500
.3750
.7500
.3750
.8750
.6250
.6250
.7500
.3125

44
44
44
44
44
44
48
44
44
44
44
54
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

.8750
.6250
.6875
.7500
.6250
.5000
.7500
.5000
.6250
.5625
. 1875
. 2778
.5000
.6250
.3750
.5625
. 8750
.6250
.7500
.6875
.7500
.3750
.7500
.3750
.8750
.7500
. 6250
.7500
.3125

44
44
44

.6250
.6875
.6250

44
44
44

.6250
.6875
.7000

48
54
54
48
48

.5000
.4000
.4556
.5000
.5625

48
54
54
48
48

.5000
.4000
. 4556
.5000
.5625

Granite cutters:
Inside men...
Outside men.
Stonecutters.......

Granite and stone trades.

Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops................. ........................
Railroad shops....................................................
Railroad shops (steam hammermen)...............
Ship and machine work....................................
Ship and machine work (steam hammermen).




1 Per 1,000 ems, nonpareil.

74

BULLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able

I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.—Continued.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

May 15,1913.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

48
54
48

$0.3750
.3056
.3750

48
54
48

$0.3750
.3056
.3750

48
48
48
48
48
48

.5000
.6250
.5000
.3125
.5000
.3750

48
48
48
48
48
48

.5000
.6250
.5000
.3125
.5000
.3750

48
48
48
48

.4375
.3750
.5000
.6250

48
48
48
48

.4375
.3750
.5000
.6250

48
48

.6250
.5938

48
48

.6250
.5938

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Metal trades—Concluded.
Blacksmiths’ helpers:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Ship and machine work....................................................
Boiler makers:
Manufacturing and jobbing shops....................................
Tank work in iron buildings............................................
Ship fitters..........................................................................
Boiler makers’ helpers: Manufacturing and jobbing shops...
Core makers..............................................................................
Foundry laborers.....................................................................
Machinists:
Tool and die makers and all-round men..........................
Specialists...........................................................................
Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and machine..............................
Pattern makers, wood..........................................................
Millwork.
Carpenters:
Sticker men and shapers..................................................
Sash and door layers-out...................................................
Band sawyers, smoothers and molders on veneers and
hardwood sash and doors, cabinetmakers, turners;
rip sawyers for stickers, stock cutters for cabinet work
and trim, and trim sawyers..........................................
Planer men, roller sanders; sash stickers and stock cut­
ters on sash and doors...................................................
Putters-up on sash and doors; assistant rip sawyers,
smoothers and molders on stock for sash and d oors...
Elbow sanders: Mortisers and tenoners...........................

48

.5625

48

.5625

48

.5000

48

.5000

48
48

.4375
.4063

48
48

.4375
.4063

48
48
48

.5000
.5000
.5625

48
48
48

.5000
.5000
.6250

45
45
45

.6445
.5778
.7111

45
45
45

.6445
.5778
.7111

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.3438
.2813
.3438
.3542
.3646
.3021
.3125

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.3438
.2813
.3438
.3542
.3646
.3021
.3125
.5313

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders, all classifications...............................................
Compositors..............................................................................
Electro typers, all classifications..............................................
Linotype operators:
English union...................................................................
Foreign un ion .............................. ....................................
Machine tenders.......................................................................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses.................................................................
Platen presses.....................................................................
Lithographic presses.........................................................
Press assistants, cylinder presses (first year)..................
Press assistants, cylinder presses (second year)..............
Press assistants, platen presses (first year)......................
Press assistants, platen presses (second year).................
Press assistants, rotary and magazine presses: Oilers,
brakemen, and tension men..........................................
Press assistants, rotary and magazine pressses: Fly and
packer men.....................................................................
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operating 1 press...............................................................
Operating Cox duplex presses..........................................
Operating 2-color presses...................................................
Operating coupon ticket presses.......................................
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operatmg 1 or 2 presses.....................................................
Operating 3 presses............................................................

48

.5313

48

48

.3750

48

.3750

48
48
48
48
48

.5000
.5625
.6250
.5625
.5000

48
48
48
48
48

.5000
.5625
.6250
.5625
.5000

48
48

.4375
.5000

48
48

.4375
.5000

45
45

.6444
.5778

45
45

.6444
.5778

45
45

.7111
.6444

45
45

.7111
.6444

45
45

.6444
.5778

45
45

.6444
.5778

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork:
Foreign union.................................................... ...............
Compositors, nightwork:
Foreign union.....................................................................
Linotype operators, daywork:
Foreign union.....................................................................




UNIO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1913.
T able
.

75

I . — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
SAIT FRANCISCO, CAL.— Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
Trade.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

45
45

$0.7111
.6444

45
45
45
45
45
45
45

|

May 15, 1913.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Printing trades, newspaper—Concluded.
Linotype operators, nightwork:
English union............................................................ ....... !
Foreign union.....................................................................
Machine tenders:
Daywork.............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, day or night............................................
Tension men, day or night...............................................
Oilers and platers, day or night.......................................
General utility men, day or night....................................
Stereotypers, day or nightwork...............................................
I

45
45

$0.7111
.6444

.7111
.7777

45
45

.7111
.7777

.6889
.6067
. 5667
. 5267
.6000

45
45
45
45
45

.6889
.6067
. 5667
.5267
.6000

60
60
60

SO.3333
. 3000
. 2500

60
60
C
O

$0.3333
.3000
.2500

'

SCRANTON, PA.
!

Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands: German union........................................
Bakers, second hands: German union...................................
Bakers, third hands: German union......................................
Building trades.
Bricklayers................................................................................
Carpenters.................................................................................
Engineers, hoisting and portable:
Boom derrick....................................................................
Hoist...................................................................................
Hod carriers..............................................................................
Inside wiremen.........................................................................
Insid8 wiremen’s helpers.........................................................
La borers, excavating................................................................
Laborers, concrete mixing, building wrecking, etc...............
Painters..................... ...............................................................
Plasterers..................................................................................
Plumbers and gas fitters..........................................................
Sheet-metal workers.................................................................
Steam fitters.............................................................................
Steam fitters’ helpers................................................................
Stonemasons..............................................................................
Structural ironworkers.............................................................
Tile layers.................................................................................

48
48

.5500
.4250

l 44
48

.6000
.4250

48
48
48
48
48
54
54
48
44
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.5625
. 5000
. 2500
. 4688
. 3125
.2000
. 2250
.4000
. 5000
.4688
.4375
. 4063
.2500
.4500
.5625
.5000

48
48
48
48
48
54
54
48
44
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.5625
.5000
.3000
.4688
.3125
.2250
.2500
.4000
.5500
.5000
.4375
.4688
.2500
.5000
.5625
.5000

Granite and stone trades.
Stonecutters..............................................................................

48

.5000

48

.5000

Metal trades.
Blacksmiths: Manufacturing and jobbing shops...................
Core makers:
Manufacturing shops (machinery)...................................
Manufacturing shops (hot-water and steam heating)___
Machinists: All-round men and railroad shops.....................
Molders:
Manufacturing shops (machinery)...................................
Manufacturing shops (hot-water and steam heating) —
Railroad shops...................................................................
Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Cutters, book......................................................................
Cutters, paper.....................................................................
Forwarders, blank work...................................................
Forwarders, printed work................................................
Rulers.................................................................................
Compositors..............................................................................
148 hours, January to April and October




54

.3333

54

.3333

60
60
60

. 2500
.3000
.2500

60
54
60

.2500
.3333
.2500

60
54
60

.2500
.3611
.2750

60
54
' 60

.2500
.3611
.2750

48
48
48
48
48
48

. 4375
.3750
.3750
.4167
.3750
.4375

48
48
48
48
48
48

.4375
.3958
.3750
.4375
.3750
.4375

to December.

76

T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
SCRANTON, PA. —Concluded.
i
Trade.

May 15, 1912.
Bate of
Hours of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

May 15, 1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Printing trades, book and job—Concluded.
Electro typers:
Battery men and builders.......................................
Finishers..................... ..............................................
Molders....... ...............................................................
Linotype operators..........................................................
Press feeders:
Cylinder.....................................................................
Platen.........................................................................
Pressmen, cylinder: Operating 1 or 2 presses................
Pressmen, platen:
Operating 4 or more presses.....................................
Operating 1 to 3 presses.............. .............................
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork..................................................................
Nightwork................. „..............................................
Linotype operators:
Daywork....................................................................
Nightwork.................................................................
Machine tenders:
Daywork....................................................................
N ightwork.................................................................
Pressmen, web presses:
Daywork....................................................................
Nightwork.................................................................
Stereotypers:
Davwork....................................................................
Nightwork................. ...............................................

48
48
48
48

$0.3750
.4167
.4583
.4583

48
48
48
48

$0.3750
. 4167
.4583
.4583

48
48
48

.2500
.1563
.4583

48
48
48

.2500
.1563
. 4583

48
48

.3125
.2708

48
48

.3125
.2708

48
48

.4375
.5000

48
48

.4792
.5417

48
48

.4583
.5208

48
48

.4792
.5417

48
48

.4583
.5208

48
48

.4792
.5417

48
48

.5208
.5208

48
48

.5208
.5208

48
42

.3958
.4524

48
42

.3958
.4524

SEATTLE, WASH.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands: Foremen...................... .
Bakers, second hands:
In charge of ovens (bench hands)...........
Dough mixers..........................................
Bench hands.............................................
Bakers, third hands: Helpers......................

48

$0.6208

48

$0.5208

48
48
48
48

.4583
.4583
.4167
.2917

48
48
48
48

.4583
.4583
.4167
.2917

Building trades.
Bricklayers......................................................
Bricklayers, sewer and well work..................
Carpenters.......................................................
Cement workers, finishers..............................
Cement workers, helpers................................
Engineers, hoisting and portable..................
Hod carriers.....................................................
Inside wiremen...............................................
Inside wiremen, fixture hangers....................
Inside wiremen’s helpers................................
Laborers, building..........................................
Marble setters..................................................
Marble setters’ helpers.................................. .
Painters.......................................................... .
Plasterers.........................................................
Plasterers’ laborers........................................ .
Plumbers and gas fitters.............................. .
Sheet-metal workers...................................... .
Steam fitters..................................................
Structural ironworkers...................................
Structural ironworkers, finishers................. .
Structural ironworkers (reinforced concrete)
Tile layers......................................................
Tile layers’ helpers..........................................

44
44
44
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
48
48

.7500
.8750
.5625
.6250
.4375
.6250
.4375
.6250
.5000
.3750
.3125
.6250
.3750
.5625
.7500
.5000
.8125
.5625
.8125
.6000
.6000
.5000
.6250
.4063

44
44
44
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
48
48

.7500
.8750
.5625
.6250
.4375
.6250
.4375
.6250
. 5000
. 3750
.3750
. 6250
.3750
.5625
.7500
.5000
.8125
.5625
.8125
.6250
.6250
.5625
.6250
.4063

Granite and stone trades.
Inside men......................................................
Outside and machine men............................

44
44

. 6250
.6875

4i
44

. 6250
.6875




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.

77

T a b l e I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
SEATTLE, WASH—Concluded.
May 15,1912.
Trade.

Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

Metal trades.
Boiler makers:
Outside men..................................................................... .
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops..................................... ..............................
Railroad shops, road A ....................................................
Boiler makers’ helpers:
Outside men.....................................................................
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Core makers...........*......................... „ . ....................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops.......................................................
Breweries........................................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Molders, iron ...........................................................................
Pattern makers:
Jobbing shops.............................. .....................................
Manufacturing shops........................................................
Millwork.
Carpenters...............................................................................

May 15, 1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

48
48
54
54

SO.5625
.5000
.4550
.3422'

48
48
54
54

$0.5625
.5000
.4550
.3422

54

.4444

48
48
54

.4375
.3125
.4444

48
48
54
54

.4500
.6000
.4400
.4444

48
48
54
54

.4500
.6000
.4400
.4444

48
54

.5625
.4500

48
54

.5625
.4500

48

.4375

48

.4375

48
48
48
48

.4688
.5208
.5313
.5208

48
48
48
48

.4688
. 5208
.5313
.5208

48
48
48
48

.3229
.3438
.2708
.3229

48
48
48
48

.3229
.3438
.2708
.3229

48
48

.5625
.5104

48
48

.5625
.5104

48
48
48
48

.5104
.4479
.4375
.4167

48
48
48
48

.5104
.4479
.4375
. 4167

42
42

.7143
.7857

42
42

.7500
.8214

42
42

.7143
.7857

42
42

.7500
.8214

42
42

.7143
.7857

42
42

.7500
.8214

48
42*
48
42*
42

.6250
.7059
.5625
.6353
.6429

48
42*
48
42*
42

.6250
.7059
.5625
.6353
.6786

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Cutters, finishers, and forwarders, printed and blank
work................................................................................
Rulers.................................................................................
Compositors.............................................................................
Electro typers: Battery men, builders, finishers, and molders.
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses................................................................
Press assistants (cylinder presses)....................................
Platen presses................................................................
Press assistants (platen presses).......................................
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Foremen.............................................................................
Operating 1 or 2 presses....................................................
Pressmen, platen presses:
Foremen, 3 or more presses............................................
Operating 3 or more presses..............................................
Foremen, 1 or 2 presses............. ......................................
Operating less than 3 presses............................................
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork.................... .......................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Linotype operators:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Machine tenders:
Daywork............................................................................
Nightwork.......... ........................ ......................................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork.................................................
Head pressmen, nightwork..............................................
Journeymen, daywork................. ....................................
Journeymen, nightwork....................................................
Stereotypers, daywork or nightwork.....................................

WASHINGTON, D. C.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
Hand bakeries...................................................................
Machine bakeries..............................................................

54
48

Building trades.
Bricklayers:
Building work....................................................................
Sewer work................................... ....................................

44*
44*




$0.3333
.3750

.6250
.7500

54
48

44*
44*

$0.3611
.4063

.6250
. 750G

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

78

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Concluded.

T able I . —

WASHINGTON, D. C.—Concluded.
May 15,1912.
Honrs of
Rate of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

May 15, 1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Building trades—Concluded.
44*
44*
48

$0.5000
.5625
.6250

44*
44*
44

$0.5000
.5625
.6250

44*
44*
44

.2813
.2313
.5000

44*
44*
44

.2813
.2313
.5500

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
48
44
48
48
44
44*
44
44
48

.3750
.3125
.6250
.3438
.4688
.6250
.2813
.5000
.5000
.5000
.2750
.5000
.6250
.5625
.2500
.5625

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
48
44
48
48
44
44*
44
44
48

.4375
.3125
.6250
.3438
.5000
.6250
.3125
.5000
.5000
.5000
. 2750
.5400
.6250
.5625
. 2500
.5625

Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters:
Inside men............. ................................................
Machine men..........................................................
Outside men...........................................................
Stonecutters..................................................................

44
44
44
44

.4500
.5125
.5000
.5000

44
44
44
44

.4500
.5125
.5000
.5400

Metal trades.
Machinists.....................................................................
Molders, iron: Bench and floor...................................

48
48

.4063
.3438

48
48

.4063
.3438

MiUwork.
Carpenters.....................................................................
Painters, hardwood finishers.......................................

48
48

.4375
.4375

48
48

.4375
. 4375

48
48
48
44
48
48

.3750
.4000
.4208
.5000
.5000
5000

48
48
48
44
48
48

.3750
.4000
.4208
.5000
.5000
.5000

48
48
48
48

.2500
.1771
.4167
.3125

48
48
48
48

.2500
.1771
.4167
.3125

42
42

.5786
.6343

42
42

.6071
.6657

42
42

.5786
.6343

42
42

.6071
.6657

42
42

.5786
.6343

42
42

.6071
6657

48
48
48
48

.4479
.4911
.3036
.2857

48
48
48
48

.4479
.4911
.3036
.2857

45
40f

.5333
.5890

45
40f

.5333
.5890

Carpenters.....................................................................
Carpenters, stair builders.............................................
Engineers, hoisting and portable................................
Hod carriers:
Brick and mortar men..........................................
Wheelbarrowmen..................................................
Inside w iremen.............................................................
T
Inside wiremen’s helpers:
Third year..............................................................
Second year............................................................
Marble cutters and setters...........................................
Marble setters’ helpers.................................................
Painters.........................................................................
Plasterers.......................................................................
Plasters’ laborers..........................................................
Plumbers and gas fitters..............................................
Sheet-metal workers.....................................................
Steam fitters.................................................................
Steam fitters’ helpers...................................................
Stonecutters.................................................................
Stonemasons.................................................................
Structural ironworkers and finishers.........................
Structural ironworkers, finishers’ helpers.................
Tile layers.....................................................................

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders.................................................................
Compositors..................................................................
Compositors, makers-up, and stonemen....................
Electrotypers................................................................
Linotype operators.......................................................
Machine tenders...........................................................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses.....................................................
Platen presses........................................................
Pressmen, cylinder presses: Operating 1 or 2 presses
Pressmen, platen presses: Operating 1 to 3 presses...
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork................................................................
Nightwork..............................................................
Linotype operators:
Daywork................................................................
Nightwork............... .............................................
Machine tenders:
Daywork............................................................... .
Nightwork.............................................................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork....................................
Head pressmen, nightwork................................. .
Tension men, day or nightwork.........................
Oilers and platers, day or night w o rk ................
Stereotypers:
Daywork...............................................................
N ightwork..............................................................




79

UNIO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1913.
T able

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913.
BAKERY TRADES.
BAKERS: First hands.
May 15,1912.
City.

Hours of
labor per
week.

JT
\orth A tlaniic.
Boston, Mass.:
German union...................................................................
Hebrew union....................................................................
Mixed union.......................................................................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
German union, oven men, davwork...............................
German union, oven men, nightwork............................
Polish union, oven m en...................................................
Newark, N. J.:
German union, 2-man and 3~man shops and oven men’s
helpers.............................................................................
German union, 4-man shops, oven men and dough mix­
ers ....................................................................................
Hebrew union, daywork..................................................
Hebrew union, nightwork................................................
Italian union.....................................................................
New Haven, Conn.:
German union, hand and machine bakeries...................
Hebrew union, foremen....................................................
New York, N. Y .:
Bohemian union................................................................
English union....................................................................
German union A , Manhattan, Brooklyn, Richmond,
and Queens.....................................................................
German union B, Manhattan, East Side........................
German union B, Manhattan, West Side, and B ronx...
German union B, machine bakeries, Brooklyn, Queens,
and R ichm ond..............................................................
Hebrew union....................................................................
Hebrew union, East Side.................................................
Italian union......................................................................
Scandinavian union.......................................................... |
Philadelphia, Pa.:
German union.................................................................... I
Hebrew union....................................................................
Polish union.......................................................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
German union, foremen.................................................... |
Hebrew union, foremen.................................................... |
Polish union......................................................................
Providence, R. I.: Hebrew union........................................... |

I

May 15,1913.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

eo
54
60

$0.3000
.4444
.3000

60
51
60

$0.3000
.4706
.3000

60
54

.3000
.3333

60
54
60

.3167
.3519
.3000

60

.3000

60

.3000

60
51
51
72

.3167
.4510
.4706
.2083

60
51
51
72

.3167
.4706
.4902
.2083

54
C
O

.3704
.3667

54
60

.3704
.3833

51
56

. 3529
.3571

51
56

.3529
.3571

60
51
60

.3000
.3519
.3000

54
54
60

. 3333
. 3519
.3000

54
51
51
66
66

.3704
.5098
.4706
.2121
.2576

54
51
51
61
60

.3704
.5098
.5098
. 2623
.3000

62

Rate of
wages per
hour.

. 2903
.4510

51
54
51

60
51
60

.3000
. 4706
.3000

.3333
.4706

60

. 3333

54
51
48
60

.3333
.4902
.4167
.3667

72
60

.1944
.3333

72
60

. 1944
.3500

54
48

.3333
.3750

54
48

.3611
.4063

54
54
54
54
48
48
54
54
54
54
54

.3519
.3889
.3704
.3889
.4167
.4375
.4259
. 2963
.3148
.3519
.3889

54
54
54
54
48
48
51
54
54
54
54

. 3519
. 3889
.3704
. 4074
.4167
. 4583
.4902
.3889
.3889
.3519
.3889

54
54
48

.2778
. 3148
.3750

48
48
48

. 3750
.3750
.3750

54
54
48
4a

.2963
. 3118
.4375
.4583

51
51
48
48

.3333
.3529
.4583
.4583

South Atlantic.

|
Baltimore, Md.:
German union................................................................... i
Hebrew union....................................................................!
!
Washington, D. C.:
Hand bakeries...................................................................
Machine bakeries..............................................................
North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Bohemian union, hand bakeries, daywork....................
Bohemian union, hand bakeries, nightwork.................
German union, hand bakeries, daywork.........................
German union, hand bakeries, nightwork......................
German union, machine bakeries, daywork...................
German union, machine bakeries, nightwork.................
Hebrew union, hand bakeries, nightwork......................
Polish union, hand bakeries, aaywork...........................
Polish union, hand bakeries, nightwork.........................
Scandinavian union, hand bakeries, daywork...............
Scandinavian union, hand bakeries, nightwork............
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Oven men, hand bakeries, daywork..............................
Oven men, hand bakeries, nightwork.............................
Oven men and dough mixers, machine bakeries, daywork
Cleveland, Ohio:
Bohemian union, daywork...............................................
Bohemian union, nightwork............................................
Hebrew union, daywork........................... ......................
Hebrew union, nightwork.................................................




80
Table

BULLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES —Continued.
B A K E R S: First hands—Concluded.
!
City.

May 15,1912.

j Hours of

labor per
week.

North Central—Concluded.
Detroit, Mich.:
1
German union, foremen and dough mixers, day or |
night work...................................................................... 1
Hebrew union, foremen, 2 ovens, daywork.................... |
Hebrew union, foremen, 2 ovens, nightwork.................. !
Hebrew union, foremen, 1 oven, daywork...................... j
Hebrew union, foremen, 1 oven, nightwork....................!
Indianapolis, Ind.:
j
Oven men, daywork........................................ ................ i
Oven men, nightwork......................................................
Scranton, Pa.: German union.................................................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Foremen in small shops, hand bakeries.........................
Oven men, hand bakeries.................................................
Spongers, hand bakeries...................................................
Oven men, machine bakeries..... ....................................I
Spongers or mixers, machine bakeries.............................!
Foremen pie bakeries, hand bakeries.............................. j
Foremen pie bakeries, machine bakeries........................j
Foremen cake and roll bakeries, hand bakeries..............
Milwaukee, Wis.:
1
German union, nightwork................................................ i
Hebrew union, daywork................................................... ;
Minneapolis, Minn.:
j
German union, foremen, 1 or more men, daywork...........!
German union, foremen, 1 or more men, nightwork.......!
German union, foremen, working alone, daywork.........
German union, foremen, working alone, nightwork.......
Omaha, Nebr.:
Foremen, daywork............................................................
Foremen, nightwork.........................................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Bohemian union, foremen over less than 5 men, hand
bakeries...................... ...................................................
German union, foremen, hand bakeries..........................
Hebrew union, foremen, oven men, hand bakeries.......
German union, foremen, machine bakeries.....................
German union, oven men, machine bakeries.................
German union, assistant oven men, machine bakeries..
German union, spongers/machine bakeries...................
German union, foremen, with less than 4 men, cake
bakeries...........................................................................
St. Paul, Minn.: Foremen.......................................................
South Central.
Dallas, T ex ...............................................................................
Louisville, Ky.:
Mixers...............................................................................
Oven m en..........................................................................
Memphis, Tena.:
Foremen, hand bakeries, daywork..................................
Foremen, hand bakeries, nightwork...............................
Foremen, machine bakeries, nightwork..........................
Oven men and spongers, machine bakeries, nightwork..
Denver, Colo.:
Western■
Foremen, working with 5 or more men...........................
Foremen, alone or with less than 5 men..........................
Oven men...........................................................................
Mixers............................................... ................................
Los Angeles, Cal.: Oven m e n .................................................
Portland, Oreg.:
,
Foremen over 2 or more men in hand bakeries...............
Foremen over 1 man in hand bakeries.............................
Oven men in hand bakeries.............................................
Oven men and bench men in hand bakeries.................
San Francisco, Cal.:
Foremen, hand bakeries....................................................
Oven men, machine bakeries............................................
Seattle, Wash.: Foremen.........................................................




May 15,1913.

Rate of
Hours of
wages per labor per
hour.
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

51
51
51
51
51

$0.3725
.4510
.4706
.4118
.4314

.2667
.3000
.3333

60
60
60

.2667
. 3000
.3333

54
54
54
48
48
54
48
54

.3519
.3889
.3889
.4375
.4375
.3704
.4167
.4167

54
54
54
48
48
54
48
54

.3519
.3889
.3889
.4375
.4375
.3889
.4375
.4815

57
57

.3158
.3158

57
57

.3158
.3158

60
60
60
60

.3167
.3333
.3000
.3167

54
54
54
54

.3519
.3704
.3333
. 3519

54
54

.2963
.2963

54
54

. 2963
.2963

54
54
54
54
54
54
54

.3148
. 3148
.4074
.3889
.3148
.2963
.3148

54
54
54
54
54
54
54

.3148
.3148
.4630
.3889
.3148
.2963
.3148

54
60

.3148
.3167

54
54

.3148
.3519

60

.3667

60

.3667

57
57

.2982
.2807

57
57

.2982
.2807

54
54
54

.4074
.4074
.3519

54
54
54
54

.3704
.4074
.4074
.3519

54
54
54
54
54

.4630
.4074
.3704
.3704
.3889

54
54
54
54
54

.4630
.4074
.3704
.3704
.3889

54
54
54
54

.4630
.3889
.3889
.3704

51
51
51
51

.4902
.4412
.4118
.4118

54
48
48

.4630
.5208
. 5208

54
48
48

.4030
.5208
.5208

51
54

$0.3529
.4259

54

. 3889

60
60
60

81

U NIO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1913.
T able

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES— Continued.
B A K E R S : Second hands.
May 15,1912.
City.

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
German union....................................................................
Hebrew union....................................................................
Mixed union......................................................................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
German union, bench men, daywork..............................
German union, bench men, nightwork...........................
Polish union, bench men..................................................
Newark, N. J.:
German union....................................................................
HfibrfiW union, daywork. . . . . . . . . .
.
Hebrew union, nightwork................................................
Italian union......................................................................
New Haven, Conn.:
German union, hand and machine bakeries...................
TTp.braw rmion hand bakeries. _. , . .......
New York, N. Y .:
Bohemian union.............. .................................................
English union....................................................................
German union, Union A l, Manhattan, Brooklyn, Rich­
mond, and Queens.........................................................
German union, Union B l, Manhattan—East Side..........
German union,Union Bl,Manhattan—West Side and
Bronx..................................................................
German union, Union B l, machine bakeries, Brooklyn,
Queens, and Richmond.................................................
Hebrew union....................................................................
Hebrew union—East Side.............................................
Italian union.....................................................................
Scandinavian union.......................................................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
German union.......................................................
Hebrew union..........................................................
Polish union................................................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
German union...........................................................................
Hebrew union..................................................
Polish union......................................................................
Providence, R. I.: Hebrew union........................................
Scranton, Pa.: German union...............................................
South Atlantic.
Baltimore, Md.:
German union....................................................................
Hebrew union...................................................................
North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Bohemian union, hand bakeries, daywork....................
Bohemian union, hand bakeries, nightwork.................. i
German union, hand bakeries, daywork.........................
German union, hand bakeries, nightwork......................
German union, machine bakeries, daywork...................
German union, machine bakeries, nightwork.................
Hebrew union, hand bakeries, nightwork.......................
Polish union, hand bakeries, daywork............................
Polish union, hand bakeries, nightwork.........................
Scandinavian, hand bakeries, daywork...........................
Scandinavian, hand bakeries, nightwork........................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Bench hands, hand bakeries, daywork...........................
Bench hands, hand bakeries, nightwork.........................
Bench hands, machine bakeries, daywork......................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Bohemian union, daywork..............................................
Bohemian union, nightwork............................................
German union....................................................................
Hebrew union, daywork..................................................
Hebrew union, nightwork.................................................

33136°—Bull. 143— 14------ 6




Rate of
Hours of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

May 15, 1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

60
54
60

$0.2333
.3704
.2667

60
51
60

$0.2667
.3922
.2667

60
54

.2667
.2963

60
54
60

.2833
.3148
.2500

60
51
51
72

.2667
.3922
.4118
.1667

60
51
51
72

.2667
.4118
.4314
.1667

54
60

.3148
.3000

54
60

.3148
.3167

51
56

.3039
. 2857

51
56

.3039
.2857

60
54

.2500
.2963

54
54

.2778
.2963

60

.2500

60

.2500

54
51
51 !
66
66

.2963
.4314
.3922
.1515
.2273

54
51
51
61
60

.2963
.4314
.4314
.1967
.2667

62
51

. 2419
.3922

60
51
60

.2500
.4118
.2667

54
51

.2593
.3922

60
60

.3000
.3000

54
51
48
60
60

.2963
.4118
.3542
.3333
.3000

72
60

.1667
.2833

72
60

.1667
.3000

54
54
54
54
48
48
54
54
54
54
54

.3148
.3519
.3333
.3519
.3750
.3958
.3889
.2593
.2778
.3148
.3519

54
54
54
54
48
48
51
54
54
54
54

.3148
.3519
.3333
.3704
.3750
.4167
.4314
.3519
.3519
.3148
.3519

54
54
48

.2407
.2778
.3333

48
48
48

.3333
.3333
.3333

54
54
54
48
48

.2963
.3148
. 2593
.3542
.3750

51
51
54
48
48

.3333
. 3529
.2778
. 3542
.3750

82

T able

B U L L E T IN

OF T H E

BUREAU

OF L A B O R

S T A T IS T IC S ,

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES—Continued.
BAKERS: Second hands—Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
City.

Horns of
labor per
week.

North Central—Concluded.
Detroit, Mich.:
German union...........................................................
Hebrew union, daywork............................................
Hebrew union, nightwork........................................
Indianapolis, Ind .............................................................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Bench "hands, hand bakeries...................................
Bench hands, machine bakeries..............................
Drawers, hand bakeries............................................
Drawers, machine bakeries.......................................
Oven men, pie, hand bakeries..................................
Oven men, pie, machine bakeries...........................
Underhands, cake and roll, hand bakeries..............
Under hands, cake and roll, machine bakeries.........
Milwaukee, Wis.:
German union, nightwork........................................
Hebrew union, daywork...........................................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
German union, bench hands, daywork...................
German union, bench hands, nightwork................
Omaha, Nebr.:
Oven men, daywork..................................................
Oven men, nightwork...............................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Bohemian union, bench hands, handwork.............
German union, bench hands, handwork.................
Hebrew union, bench hands, handwork.................
German union, assistant spongers, machine work..
German union, bench hands, machine work..........
German union, cake bakeries, bench hands............
St. Paul, Minn.: Oven men............................................

May 15, 1913.

Rate of
Hours of
Rate of
wages per labor per wages per
hour.
week.
hour.

). 3137
. 3333
.2867
.3519
. 3958
.3704
.4167
. 3333
.3750
.3519
.3958

. 3519
. 3958
.3704
.4167
.3519
.3958
.3519
.3958

.2807
.2632

. 2S07
. 2632

.2667
.2833

.2963
.3148

. 2778
. 2778

. 2778
. 2778

. 2778
.2778
.3333
.2963
.2778
. 2/ / 8

. 2778
.2778
.4074
.2963
.2778
.2778
.3148

.3333
.2456

.3333
.2456

.3333
.3333

.3148
.3333
.3333

.3333
.3333

South Central.
Dallas, T ex..........................................
Louisville, K y .....................................
Memphis, Tenn.:
Hand bakeries, d ayw ork ............
Hand bakeries, nightwork...........
Machine bakeries, nightwork.......

$0.3333
.3529
.3725
. 2667

. 3333
.3333

Western.
Denver, Colo.: Bench hands.....................
Los Angeles, Cal.: Bench hands...............
Portland, Oreg.:
Bench hands, hand bakeries..............
Bench hands, machine bakeries.......
San Francisco, Cal.:
Bench hands, hand bakeries..............
Partly oven work, hand bakeries.......
Partly oven work, machine bakeries.
Seattle, Wash.:
In charge of ovens (bench hands).......
Dough mixers.......................................
Bench hands........................................

.3333
.3750
.4259
.4583

.3889
.4259
.4583

.4583
.4583
.4167

.4583
. 4583
.4167

BAKERS, Third hands.
Boston, Mass.:
North Atlantic.
Hebrew union.....................................................
Mixed union........................................................
Buffalo, N. Y .: Polish union, assistant bench men.
Newark, N. J .:
German union, 3-man shops..............................
German union, 4-man shops..............................




54
60

$0.3333
.2500

51
60
60

$0.3529
.2500
.2167

60
C
O

. 2333
. 2500

60
60

.2333
.2500

83

U N IO X SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1913.
T able

I I , —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES— Continued.
BAKERS, Third hands—Continued.
May 15, 1912.
City.

May 15, 1913.

Hours of
Rate of
Hours of
labor per wages per labor per
week.
hour.
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

North Atlantic—Concluded.
New Haven, Conn.:
German union, hand and machine
Hebrew union, hand bakeries..........................................
New York, N. Y .:
Bohemian union................................................................
English union.....................................................................
German union, union A, Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens,
and Richmond................................................................
German union, union B, Manhattan—East Side............
German union, union B, Manhattan—West Side..........
German union, union B, Bronx.......................................
Hebrew union....................................................................
Hebrew union—East Side................................................
Italian union......................................................................
Scandinavian union...........................................................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Hebrew union....................................................................
Polish union.......................................................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
German union, bench men...............................................
Hebrew union, bench men...............................................
Polish union.......................................................................
Providence, R . I.: Hebrew union..........................................
Scranton, Pa.: German union................................................

$0.2963
.2667

$0.2963
. 2833

.2549
.2143

.2549
.2143

.2167
.2593
.2167
.2333
.3725
.3529

.2407
.2593
.2167
.2333
.3922
.3922
-.1639
.2167

.1212

.1818
.2963

.3148
.2333

.2778
.3529
.2500
.2500

.2778
. 3725
.3125
.2833
.2500

.2167

.2333

.2778
.3148
.2778
.2963
.3125
.3333
.3519
.2407
.2778
.3148

. 2778
.3148
.2778
.3148
. 3125
.3542
.3922
. 3148
.3148
. 2778
.3148

.1852
.2037
.2292

.2292
. 2292
.2292

. 2593
.2778

South Atlantic.
Baltimore, Md.: Hebrew union...........
North Central.

Chicago, 111.:
Bohemian union, hand bakeries, daywork.........
Bohemian union, hand bakeries, nightwork.......
German union, hand bakeries, daywork..............
German union, hand bakeries, nightwork...........
German union, machine bakeries, daywork........
German union, machine bakeries, nightwork___
Hebrew union, hand bakeries, daywork..............
Polish union, hand bakeries, daywork...............
Polish union, hand bakeries, nightwork.............
Scandinavian union, hand bakeries, daywork...
Scandinavian union, hand bakeries, nightwork.
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Hand bakeries, daywork.......................................
Hand bakeries, nightwork....................................
Machine bakeries, daywork..................................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Bohemian union, daywork...................................
Bohemian union, nightwork........................ .......
German union........................................................
Hebrew union, helpers, daywork.........................
Hebrew union, helpers, nightwork......................
Detroit, Mich...............................................................
Hebrew union, daywork.......................................
Hebrew union, nightwork....................................
Indianapolis, Ind........................................................ .
Kansas City, Mo.:
Dough mixers, pie bakeries, handwork...............
Dough mixers, pie bakeries, machine work........
Fillers, pie bakeries, handwork............................
Fillers, pie bakeries, machine work.....................
Rolling machine operators, machine work..........
Milwaukee, Wis:
German union, nightwork....................................
Hebrew union, daywork.......................................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
German union, helpers, first year, daywork-----German union, helpers, first year, nightwork___




.2222

. 2000

. 2745
.2941
.2407
2‘j‘j‘j
!2333
.2000
.2941
.3137
.2000

.2963
.3333
.2963
.3333
.3125

.3148
.3542
.3148
.3542
.3333

.2632
.2281

.2632
.2281

. 1333
.1667

. 1481
. 1852

.2222

.2000
.2593

84
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES— Concluded.
BA K E R S: Third hands—Concluded.

May 15,1912.
City.

Hours of
labor per
week.

May 15,1913.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

North Central—Concluded.
Omaha, Nebr.:
Bench hands, daywork.............................
Bench hands, nightwork...........................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Hebrew union, hand bakeries...................
German union, helpers, machine bakeries
St. Paul, Minn.: Bench handy........................

54
54

$0. 2593
.2593

54
54

$0.2593
.2593

54
54
60

.2963
.2037
.2667

54
54
54

.3704
.2037
. 2963

.3000

60

30U
0

.2222

54

.2222

.3704
.4167
.2917

54
48
48

. 3704
.4167
.2917

South Central.
Dallas, T ex........................................................
West cm.
Los Angeles, Cal.: Bakers' helpers..................
San Francisco, Cal.:
Bread and cake, hand bakeries................
Bench hands, machine bakeries...............
Seattle, Wash.: Helpers...................................

54
48
48

BUILDING TRADES.
BRICKLAYERS.
!

North Atlantic.
44
48
48
* 48
44
44
44
44
44
44
48

Boston, Mass..........
Buffalo, N. Y .........
Fall River, Mass. . .
Manchester, N. H ..
Newark, N. J .........
New Haven, Conn.
New York, N. Y . . .
Philadelphia, P a ...
Pittsburgh, Pa.......
Providence, R. I ...
Scranton, Pa..........

$0. 6000
. 6000
.5500
.5500
.6500
.6000
.7000
.6250
. 6500
.6000
.5500

44
48
48
* 48
44
44
44
44
44
44
2 44

$0.

7000

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga..........
Baltimore, M d---Charleston, S. C_
_
Jacksonville, F la ..
Richmond, V a___
Washington, D. C.

53
3 45
53
48
45
44J

.4500
. 6250
.4075
.5000
. 6500
.6250

53
3 45
53
48
45
44£

.4500
.6250
. 4075
. 6250
. 6500
. 6250

North Central.
Chicago, 111..................................
Chicago, 111.: Fire proofing..........
Cincinnati, Ohio..........................
Cleveland, Ohio...........................
Cleveland, Ohio: Hebrew union..
Detroit, Mich...............................
Indianapolis, Ind ........................
Kansas City, Mo..........................
Milwaukee, Wis...........................
Minneapolis, Minn......................
Omaha, Nebr..............................
St. Louis, M o...............................
St. Paul, Minn.............................

44
44
45
48
48
<48
44
44
44
48
44
44
48

. 7250
.7500
.6500
. 6500
.6000
. 6250
. 7000
.7500
.6500
.6500
.7000
.7000
.6500

44
44
45
48
48
4 48
44
44
44
48
44
44
48

. 7500
7500
. 6500
. 6500
.6000
.6500
. 7500
. 7500
. 6750
. 6500
. 7000
. 7000
. 6500




144 hours, June to September.
2 48 hours, January to April and October to December.
3 44 hours, January to March and November and December.
* 44 hours, June 15 to Sept. 15.

UNIO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.
T able

85

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
BRICKLAYERS—Concluded.
May 15,1912.
Rate of
Hours of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

City.

May 15, 1913.
Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

South Central.
Birmingham, A la...............................
Dallas, T ex.........................................
Little Rock, Ark................................
Louisville, K y ....................................
Memphis, Tenn..................................
New Orleans, La................................

i 44
44
48
48
44
44

$0.62.50
. 7500
.7500
.6500
.7500
.6250

i 44
44
44
48
44
44

$0. 7000
. 8750
.7500
.6500
.7500
.6250

Western.
Denver, Colo.......................................
Los Angeles, Cal................................
Portland, Oreg...................................
Salt Lake City, Utah.........................
San Francisco, Cal.............................
Seattle, Wash.....................................

44
44
44
44
44
44

.7500
.7500
.7500
.7500
. 8750
.7500

44
44
44
44
44
44

. 7500
.7500
. 7500
. 7500
. 8750
. 7500

44
44

$0. 7000
.7000

BRICKLAYERS: Sewer, tunnel, and caisson workers.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.............................................................................
Philadelphia, Pa......................................................................

44
44

South Atlantic.
Washington, I>. C....................................................................

44J

.7500

44*

.7500

44
45
48
44

1.2500
.7000
.7500
1.0000

44
45
48
44

1. 2500
.7000
. 7500
1. 0000

44
44

1.0000
. 8750

44
44

1.0000
. S750

44

$0.3000

44

$0.3000

48

.2250

48
48
50
50

.2250
.2500
.2500
.2250

48
48
48
48
50
50

.2250
.2250
.2250
.2500
.2500
.2250

54
54

.2000
.2250

54
54

.2250
.2250

44
44
44
60
54
48
44
48
44 j
44 i

.4000
.5750
. 5000
.2000
.2500
.2750
.3000
.3250
.2500
.3750

$0. 7000
.7000

North Central.
Chicago, 111................................................................................
Cincinnati, Ohio.....................................................................
Detroit, Mich............................................................................
St. Louis, Mo................................ ...........................................
Western.
Denver, Colo.............................................................................

BUILDING LABORERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.: Excavating..........................................
Buffalo? N. Y .:
Italian u n io n ..........................................................
Polish union............................ ...............................
New York, N. Y ....... .....................................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.: Building and excavating..................
Providence, R. I.: Concrete mixers and barrow men.
Providence, R . I.: Excavating.....................................
Scranton, Pa.:
Excavating..............................................................
Concrete mixing, building wrecking, etc...............

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
44
Excavators and wheelbarrow men................... .
.3750
44
Tunnel, well, and caisson work..........................
.5250
44
Tunnel, well, and caisson work (nigger-heads)..
.4750
60
.2000
Cincinnati, Ohio............................. ...........................
Indianapolis, In d .....................................................
48
.2500
Kansas City, Mo.: Building w o r k ......................... .
48
.3000
Kansas City, Mo.: Plumbing work.........................
48
.3250
Milwaukee^ Wis.........................................................
44 !
.2500
St. Louis, Mo.: Building work...................... ......... .
44
. 3750
St. Louis, Mo.: Plumbers’ laborers....... .................
i 48 hours, January to April and October to December.




86"

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able I I . — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
BUILDING LABORERS—Concluded.
May 15,1912.
City.

May 15,1913.

Hours of
Rate of
Hours of
labor per wages per labor per
week.
hour.
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

|
South Central.
Dallas, Tex.: Excavating........................................................
Louisville, K y ..........................................................................
Western.
Los Angeles, Cal.......................................................................
San Francisco, Cal.:
Building work....................................................................
Side sewer work.................................................................
Seattle, Wash............................................................................

44

$0.2500

44
48

$0.2500
.2188

44

.3438

44

.3438

54
48
44

.2778
.5000
.3125

54
48
44

.2778
.5000
.3750

44
48
48
48
44
44

$0.4775
.5000
.4200
.3125
.5000
.4500

44
48
48
48
44
44

$0.5000
.5000
.4200
.4000
.5000
.4750

44
44
44
44
44
44
48

.6250
.5000
.5625
.5000
.5000
.4500
.4250

44
44
44
44
44
44
48

.6250
.5000
.5625
.5000
. 5500
.5000
.4250

54
48
53
48
48
44£

.3500
.4375
.3396
.3125
.3750
.5000

50
48
53
48
48
441

.4000
.4375
.3396
.3125
.3750
.5000

44
44|
48
48
441
44
44
48
44
44
48

.6500
.5000
.4500
.5000
.4500
.5500
.4500
.5000
.5000
.6250
.4500

44
44*
48
48
444
44
44
48
44
44
48

.6500
.5000
.5000
.5000
.5000
.5500
.5000
.5000
.5000
.6250
.5000

48
44
48
44
44
48

.4500
.5000
.5000
.4500
.5000
.4000

48
44
48
44
44
48

.5250
.5500
.5000
.4500
.5000
.4000

44
48
48
44
44
44

.6000
.5000
.5000
. 6250
. 6250
. 5625

44
48
44
44
44
44

.6000
.5000
.5000
.6250
. 6250
.5625

CARPENTERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.............................................................................
Buffalo, N. Y ............................................................................
Fall River, Mass.......................................................................
Manchester, N. H .....................................................................
Newark, N. J ............................................................................
New Haven, Conn....................................................................
New York, N. Y .:
Manhattan..........................................................................
Brooklyn, Bronx, and Queens.........................................
Philadelphia, Pa.......................................................................
Pittsburgh, Pa..........................................................................
Providence, R. I ......................................................................
South Atlantic.
Baltimore, Md..........................................................................

Washington, D. C.....................................................................
North Central.
Cincinnati, Ohio.......................................................................
Cleveland, Ohio........................................................................
Detroit, Mich............................................................................
Indianapolis, Ind.....................................................................
Kansas City, Mo.......................................................................
Milwaukee, Wis........................................................................
Minneapolis, Minn...................................................................
Omaha, Nebr............................................................................
St. Paul, Minn..........................................................................
South Central.
Little Rock, Ark......................................................................
Louisville, K y ..........................................................................
Memphis, Tenn........................................................................
> ew Orleans, La.................................................... .................
T
Western.
Denver, Colo.............................................................................
Los Angeles, Cal.......................................................................
Portland, Oreg..........................................................................
Salt Lake City, Utah................................................................
San Francisco, Cal....................................................................
Seattle, Wash............................................................................




87

UNIO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1913.
T able

I I . — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
CARPEN TERS: Stair builders.
May 15, 1912.
City.

Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

May 15, 1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

South Atlantic.
Washington, D. C.....................................................................

44|

$0.5625

44J

$0.5625

North Central.
Chicago, 111............................................................ ...................
Cincinnati, Ohio.......................................................................
Indianapolis, In d ......................................................................
Omaha, Nebr...........................................................................

44
44J
44£
44

.6500
.5250
.4500
.5000

44
44J
44£
44

.6500
.5250
.5000
.5000

South Central.
Dallas, Tex................................................................................
Memphis, Tenn.........................................................................

44
44

.6250
.5000

44
44

.6750
.5000

Western.
Portland, Oreg......................... ................................................
San Francisco, Cal....................................................................

44

.6875

54
44

.5500
.6875

$0.6000
.4500
.6250
.6250
.4500

44
44
m

$0.6250
.5000
.6250
.6250
.4500

48
48
60
54
44
48
44
48

.6250
.5000
.6000
.5000
.4000
.5000
.5625
.4500
. 6250
.4500

44
45
48
48
54
48
44
48
44
48

.6500
.5000
.6000
.5000
.5000
.5000
.6250
.4500
.6250
.5000

48
54
60
48

.5000
.5556
.4000
.5000

48
48
54
60
48

.5000
.5000
.5556
.4500
.5000

44
48
48

.6875
.6250
.6250

44
48

.7500
.6250

44
48
48
48
44
48

.6875
.6250
.6250
.6250
.7500
.6250

CEMENT W OR KE RS: Finishers.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass...... .
Buffalo, N. Y ----Newark, N. J -----New York, N. Y .,
Philadelphia, Pa.

44
44
49*
North Central.

Chicago, 111...........
Cincinnati, Ohio..
Cleveland, Ohio
Cleveland, O hio...
Detroit, Mich.......
Indianapolis, Ind.
Kansas City, M o ..
Milwaukee, W is...
St. Louis, Mo.......
St. Paul, Minn___
South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.
Dallas, Tex...........
Little Rock, Ark..
Louisville, K y ----Memphis, Tenn...
Western.
Denver, Colo...............
Los Angeles, Cal.........
Portland, Oreg............
Salt Lake City, Utah..
San Francisco, Cal
Seattle, Wash.............

1Rock asphalt and glass lights and sidewalks laid in cement composition work.




88

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e IX .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
CEMENT WORKERS’ HELPERS.
May 15, 1912.
Citv.

May 15,1913.

Hours of
Rate of
Hours of
labor per wages per labor per
week.
hour.
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass........
Newark, N. J ____
New York, N. Y ..
Philadelphia, Pa..

48
44
44

$0.3750
.3500
.3750
.3000

44
48
48
44
48
44

. 4750
.3000
.3000
.4000
. 3500
.4500

44
45
48
44
48
44

.5000
.3000
.3500
.5000
.3500
.5000

Birmingham, Ala.
Dallas, T ex..........
Little Rock, A rk ..
Louisville, K y ___
Memphis, Tenn...

48
54

3500
2500
3000

48
48
54
60
48

. 3500
.3500
.3000
. 2500
.3000

Portland, Oreg.......
San Francisco, Cal.
Seattle, Wash.........

48
44
48

. 4375
. 6250
.4375

48
44
48

.4375
. 6250
. 4375

44

SO.3500

48
44
44
49J

$0.4500
.3500
. 3750
.3000

North Central.
Chicago, 111..........
Cincinnati, Ohio.
Cleveland, Ohio..
Kansas City, Mo.
Milwaukee, Wls..
St. Louis, M o .. . .
South Central.

CEMENT WORKERS’ LABORERS.
1
Boston, Mass. .

North Atlantic.
..........................................
.

North Central.
Chicago, 111................................................................................1
Cincinnati; Ohio.......................................................................
Cleveland, Ohio: Mixers..........................................................j!
Milwaukee, Wis.................. .....................................................
St. Louis, Mo............................................................................ |
j
South Central.
Dallas, T ex...............................................................................
Western.
Denver, Colo.............................................................................
Los Angeles, Cal.......................................................................
Portland, Oreg..........................................................................
San Francisco, Cal.................................................................




44

$0.3750

48
48
44

.2500
.2750
.4000

44
45
48
48
44

.4000
.2500
.2500
. 3000
.4000

48

.2500

48

.2500

44
48
48
44

.3750
. 3750
.3438
.5000

44
48
48
44

. 3750
.3750
. 3438
. 5000

U NIO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.
T able

89

I I . — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
ENGINEEES: Hoisting and portable.
May 15,1912.
City.

North Atlantk.
Boston, Mass.............................................................................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Hoist...................................................................................
Boom derrick....................................................................
Newark, N. J............................. ..............................................
New Haven, Conn....................................................................
New York, N. Y .......................................................................
Philadelphia, Pa.......................................................................
Pittsburgh, Pa........................................................................
Providence, R. I ......................................................................
Scranton, Pa.:
Hoist..................................................................................
Boom derrick.....................................................................
South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Boom derrick.....................................................................
H oist.. . . ..........................................................................
Baltimore, M d..........................................................................
Richmond, V a................................... ......................................
Washington, D. C................................................................... .
North Central.
Chicago, 111...... ............................................................ .........
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Boom derrick.....................................................................
Hoist...................................................................................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Boom derrick.................................................... . ...............
Hoist...................................................................................
Detroit, Mich............................................... ............ . ........... .
Indianapolis, In d ..................................................................
Kansas City, M o......................................................................
Milwaukee, Wis......................................................................
Minneapolis, Minn....................................................................
Omaha, Nebr......................................................................
St. Louis, Mo. (2 engines)........................................................
St. Louis, M o............................................................................
St. Paul, Minn..........................................................................
South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.:
Hoist......................................................................... .
Boom derrick...........................
Dallas, Tex.:
Hoist.........
...................................................
Boom derrick........................................................ .
Little Rock, Ark.:
Hoist............................... .
Boom derrick.....................................................................
Louisville, K y .........................................................................
Memphis, Tenn............................................ ...........................
New Orleans, La.......................................................................
Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Boom derrick........................ .
Hoist...................................................................................
Los Angelos, Cal.......................................................................
Portland, Oreg..........................................................................
Salt Lake City, Utah................................................................
San Francisco, Cal....................................................................
Seattle, Wash............................................................................

Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
hour.
week.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

44

$0.5455

44

$0.5682

48
48
44
44
44
44
48
44

.5000
.5625
.6875
.5000
.6591
.5000
.5625
.5000

48
48
44
44
44
44
48
44

.5000
.5625
.6875
.5000
. 6875
. 5625
. 5625
. 5000

48
48

.5000
.5625

48
48

. 5000
. 5625

54
54
48
48
48

.5500
.4000
. 4375
.4375
. 6250

49^
49i
48
48
44

.7250
. 4500
.4375
.4375
.6250

44

.7250

44

.7500

60
60

.5000
.5000

44
44

.6250
.6250

48
48
60
48
48
148
54
44
44
44
60

.6000
. 5000
.5000
. 6000
.7000
.6250
.5000
.5625
.8750
.7500
. 5000

48
48
60
45
48

24 4
54
44
44
44
54

.6000
.5000
..5000
.6000
. 7000
. 6250
.5000
. 5625
. 8750
. 7500
. 5550

48
48

.5000
. 5000

48
48

.5625
.6250

48
48

.5000
. 5000

48
48

.5625
.6250

54
54
48
44
48

.5000
.6250
.5000
.5625
.5000

54
54
48
44
48

.5000
. 6250
.5625
.6000
.5000

44
44
48
48
44
48
44

.6250
.5625
.5000
.6250
.5625
.7500
.6250

44
44
48
48
44
48
44

.6250
. 5625
. 5000
.6250
.6250
. 7500
. 6250

i 44 hours in June, July, August and September.
* 48 hours, January to April and November and December.




May 15,1913.

90

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able IT .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
HOD CARRIERS.
May 15, 1912.
City.

Hours of
labor per
week.

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass...........................................................................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Italian union......................................................................
Polish union , , . .................................. ..................

..,..

..

Mortar mixers and carriers.................................................... ..

Scranton, Pa........................................................................ .
South Atlantic.
Baltimore, M d..........................................................................
Washington, I). C.:
Brick and mortar m en......................................................
Wheelbarrow men.........................................................
North Central.
Chicago, 111................................................................................
Cincinnati, Ohio.......................................................................
Cleveland, Ohio:
English...............................................................................
Hebrew.............................................................................
Detroit, Mich............................................................................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Brick men.....................................................................
Mortar men....................................................................... i
Kansas City, Mo.......................................................................1
Milwaukee, Wis........................................................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Brick men.....................................................................
Mortar men........................................................................
South Central.
Dallas, Tex.:
Brick men..........................................................................
Mortar men........................................................................
Louisville, Ky.:
Mortar men........................................................................
Plasterers’ laborers, brick men.........................................
Wheelers and pilers...........................................................
Memphis, Tenn........................................................................
Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Brick men..........................................................................
Mortar men........................................................................
Los Artg^les, Cal .....................................................................
Portland, Oreg.:
Mortar mixers and plasterers’ helpers..............................
\
heelers...................................................................... .
\
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Brick men ..................................... ..................................
Mortar men........................................................................
" Yheel barrow men......... ...................................................
V
San Francisco, Cal
..............................................................
Seattle, W ash...........................................................................




Rate of
Hours of
Rate of
wages per labor per wages per
hour.
week.
hour.

44

SO.3500

44

SO 3500
.

48

.2500

44
44
44

. 35C0
. 2800
.3750

48
48
44
44
44

.2500
.2500
.3500
. 2800
.3750

44
41
44

.3500
.2500
. 3750

44
44
44

. 3500
. 2500
.3750

50
50
48

.2813
.3000
.2500

50
50
48

.2813
.3000
.3000

145

.3125

i 45

,

Newark, N. J ...........................................................................................
New Haven, Conn.........................................
. . .
New York, N. Y ............................................ . ................ .
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Hod carriers, mortar mixers, and scaffold builders..........
Wheelbarrow men.............................................................
Pittsburgh, Pa. _......................................................................
Providence, R. I.:
Brick carriers and pilers....................................................

May 15, 1913.

.3125

44-J
44 %

.2813
.2313

44?j
44i

.2813
.2313

44
45

.4500
.4250

44
45

.4800
.4250

48
48
48

.2813
.3000
.3500

48
48
48

.3125
.3125
.3500

44
44
44
48

.3500
.3500
.3750
.3250

44
44
44
48

.4000
.4250
.3750
. 3250

44
44

.4200
.4500

44
44

.4200
.4500

44
44

.2500
.2813

44
44

.2500
.2813

48
48
48
44

.3800
.3800
.3500
.3000

48
48
48
44

.3800
.3800
.3500
.3000

44
44
44

.3750
. 40G
3
.4063

44
44
44

.3750
. 4063
.4063

48
48

. 5000
.3750

48
48

. 5000
.3750

44
44
44
44
44

. 4375
. 5000
. 3750
. 5000
.437o

44
44
44
44
44

.4375
. 5000
.3750
.5000
.4375

1 44 hours, January to March and November and December.

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.
T able

91

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— C o n tin u e d .
INSIDE WIREMEN.
May 15, 1912.
City.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

May 15, 1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

North Atlantic.
44
48
48
48
44
44
* 48
48
44
48

$0.5500
.4000
.3750
.3125
.5625
.5625
.4500
.5000
.4375
.4688

44
48
48
48
44
44
44
48
44
48

$0.5500
.4500
.3750
.3125
.5625
. 5625
.4500
.5750
.4375
.4688

54

. 3889
.4375
.3125
.3750
.5000

54
48
54
48
48
44

.4444

48
44

*4375
.3333
.4500
.4375
.5500

44
44i
48
48
48
M4
44
48
44
44
44

.7500
.4500
.5750
.4688
.4500
.5625
.4500
.5000
.5000
.6500
.4375

44
44*
48
48
48
2 44
44
48
44
44
44

.7.500
.5000
.5750
.4688
.4750
.62.50
.4500
.5000
.5000
.6500
.4688

48
48
48

.5625
.5000
. 4500
.4375
.4500
.4500

44
44
48
48
48
48

. 6250
.5625
.5000
.4000
.4500
.4500

44
48
44
44
44
44

Boston, Mass........
Buffalo, N. Y .......
Fall River, Mass..
Manchester, N. II.
Newark,N. J . . . . .
New York, N. Y ..
Philadelphia, P a ..
Pittsburgh, Pa___
Providence, R. I . .
Scranton, Pa.........

.5625
.4375
.5625
. 5625
. 6250
. 6250

44
48
44
44
44
44

.5625
.5000
.5625
. 5625
.6250
. 6250

$0.3000
.1875
.3125
.2750
.2500
.2500
.2738
.3125

44
48
44
44
44
48
44
48

$0.3000
.1875
. 3125
.2750
.2500
.2500
.2738
.3125

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga..........
Baltimore, Md___
Charleston, S. C ...
Jacksonville, F la..
Richmond, V a___
Washington, D. C.
North Central.
Chicago, 111.............
Cincinnati, O h io...
Cleveland* Ohio___
Detroit, Mich.........
Indianapolis, Ind. .
Kansas City M o ...
Milwaukee, Wis___
Minneapolis, Minn.
Omaha, Nebr.........
St. Louis, Mo.........
St. Paul, Minn.......
South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.
Dallas, T ex...........
Little Rock, A rk..
Louisville, K y ___
Memphis, Tenn.. .
New Orleans, L a..
Western.
Denver, Colo...............
Los Angeles, Cal.........
Portland, Oreg............
Salt Lake City, Utah..
San Francisco, Cal___
Seattle, Wash.............

INSIDE WIREMEN’S HELPERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.........................................................
Fall River, Mass...................................................
Newark, N. J ........................................................
New York, N. Y ..................................................
Philadelphia, Pa..................................................
Pittsburgh, Pa......................................................
Providence, R. I ..................................................
Scranton, Pa.........................................................
144 hours, June to September.




44
48
44
44
»48
48
44
48

* 48 hours, October to May.

92
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I I . — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BUILDING TB AD ES— Continued.
INSIDE WIKEMEN’S HELPERS—Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
City.

May 15,1913.

Hours of
Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per labor per
week.
hour.
week.

South Atlantic.
54
48

$0.2222

Rate of
wages per
hour.

44
44

North Central.
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Fourth year helper..
Third year helper...
Cleveland,"Ohio............ .
Detroit, Mich.................
Kansas City, M o.......... .
Milwaukee, Wis.............
Minneapolis, M inn.____
Omaha, Nebr................
St. Louis, Mo............
St. Paul, Minn..............

54
48
54
48

$ 0.2222

.1563

Atlanta, Ga............
Baltimore, M d.......
Charleston, S. C___
Richmond, V a.......
Washington, D. C.:
Third year.......
Second year___

.3750
.3125

44
44

.4375
.3125

44|
44J
48
48

.3500
.3200
.2500
.2813
.2500
.2500
.3750
.2500
.1875

441
44J
48
48

. 4000
. 3700
. 2500
.2813
.2500
.2500
. 3750
.2500
.1875
.4000

l 44

44
48
44
44

.1875

l 44

44
48
44
44
44

.1875
.1667
.1875

South Central.
Dallas, T ex..........
Little Rock, A rk..
Louisville, K y ---Memphis, Tenn...
New Orleans, La..

48
48
48

. 2500
. 2500
.2813
. 1875

.2500
.2500
.2813
. 1875

. 2000

.2000

Western.
.3438
.3438
.1875
.3750

44
44
44
44

. 3438
. 3438
. 1875
.3750

48
48
44

$0.5000
.4500
.4688

48
48
44

$0.5000
.4500
.4688

48
54
48
48
48
44
44

.6250
.3056
.4000
.5000
.4500
.5625
.4375

44
54
48
48
48
44
44

.6875
.3750
.4250
.5000
.4500
.5625

44

. 5000

Portland, Oreg............
Salt Lake City, Utah..
San Francisco, Cal___
Seattle, Wash.............
INSIDE WIREMEN: Fixture hangers.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass..
Buffalo, N. Y .
Newark, N. J.
North Central.
Chicago, 111.............
Cleveland, Ohio___
Indianapolis, In d ..,
Kansas City, M o...
Minneapolis, Minn.
St. Louis, Mo.........
St. Paul, Minn.......
South Central.
Dallas, Tex.
Western.
Los Angeles, Cal...
Portland, Oreg.:
Union A ...........
Union B ..........
San Francisco, Cal.
Seattle, Wash.........




48

.4375

48

.5000

44
44
44
44

.5625
.5000
. 5625
.5000

44
44
44
44

.5625
. 5000
. 5625
. 5000

1 48 hours, October to May.

93

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1913.

Table I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BUILDING TRAD ES— Continued.
LATHERS.
May 15, 1912.

City.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Norik, Atlantic.
Boston, Mass........................................
Pittsburgh, Pa................ . . . . . . . . ___

May 15, 1913.

Hours of
Rate of
wages per labor per
hour.
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

$0.5500
.6250

$0.6000
.6250

.7188

.7188

North Central.
Chicago, III...........................................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Metal..............................................
W ood..............................................
Milwaukee, W is..................................
Minneapolis, M in n ........... ................
Omaha, Nebr.:
Metal..............................................
Wood............... ........ .....................
St. Paul, Minn..... ...............................

.5625
.4375
.5313
.5000

.6250
.4375
.5313
.5000

.6250
.4063
. 4563

.6250
.4063
.4563

South Central.
Dallas, Tex.:
Metal........................ .....................
W ood..............................................

.6250
.3750

.6250
.3750

MARBLE SETTERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass____
Buffalo, N. Y . . . .
Newark, N. J ___
New York, N. Y .,
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburgh, P a....

44
48
44
44
44
48

$0.5000
.5625
.6250
.6250
.6000
.6250

44
48
44
44
44
48

$0.5625
.6250
.6875
.6875
.6000
.6250

48
48
44

.6250
. 6250
.6250

48
48
44

.6250
.6250
.6250

44

.6875

44
44
44
44
44
48
44
48

.6250
.6250
.6250
.6875
.5625
.5625
. 6250
.5625

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
48
44
48

.6875
.6250
.6250
.6250
.6250
.6875
. 6250
.5625
.6250
.5625

44
48

.6250
.6250

44
48

.7500
.6250

44
44
48
44 i
44

.6250
.6250
.6250
.6250
. 6250

44
44
48
44
44

.6875
.6250
.6875
. 6250
.6250

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.......... .
Baltimore, Md___
Washington, D. C.
North Central.
Chicago, 111.............
Cincinnati, O h io...
Cleveland, Ohio___
Detroit, Mich_____
Indianapolis, In d ..
Kansas City, Mo. . .
Milwaukee, W is_
_
Minneapolis, Minn.
St. Louis, Mo.........
St. Paul, Minn.......
South Central.
Dallas, T e x .......
New Orleans, La..
Western.
Denver, Colo._____
Los Angeles, C al...
Portland, Oreg.......
San Francisco, Ca3.
Seattle, Wash........




94
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
MARBLE SETTERS' HELPERS.
May 15, 1912.
City.

Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
hour.
week.

May 15, 1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass...... .
Newark, N. J ____
New York, N. Y .
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburgh, P a ...

$0.3000
.3750
.3750
.3000
.3750

>.3000
.4063
.4063
.3000
.3750

.*2500
.2813
.3438

.2500
.3125
.3438

.4063

.4063
.3125
.3750
.3438
.3438
.3750
.3750
.3125
.3438
.3125

South A tlantic.
Atlanta, Ga..........
Baltimore, M d___
Washington, D. C.
North Central.
Chicago, 111.............
Cincinnati, Ohio. . .
Cleveland, Ohio___
Detroit, Mich.........
Indianapolis, Ind. .
Kansas City, M o ...
Milwaukee, W is_
_
Minneapolis, Minn.
St. Louis, Mo.........
St. Paul, Minn.......

.3750
.3125
.3500
.2813
. 3125
. 3438
.3125
South Central.
.3125

Dallas, Tex.........
New Orleans, La.

.2500

.3750
.2500

.3750
.2813
.3750
.3750
.3750

.3750
.3750
.3750
.3750
. 3750

Western.
Denver, Colo..........
Los Angeles, Cal. . .
Portland, Oreg.......
San Francisco, Cal.
Seattle, Wash.........
PAINTERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Union A ........................................
Union B ........................................
Buffalo, N. Y .......................................
Fall River, Mass..................................
Newark, N. J .......................................
New Haven, Conn...............................
New York, N. Y ..................................
Philadelphia, Pa..................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.....................................
Providence, R. I ..................................
Scranton, Pa........................................

44
44
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
48

$0.4550
.5000
.4375
.3750
.4400
.4091
.5000
.4250
.5250
.4091
.4000

41
44
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
48

$0.5000
.5000
.4375
.4100
.4400
.4091
.5000
.4250
.5500
.4545
.4000

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga..........................................
Baltimore, Md.....................................
Charleston, S. C...................................
Jacksonville, Fla..................................
Richmond, V a .....................................
Washington, D. C................................

53
48
48
48
54
44

.3396
.3750
.2500
.3750
.2778
.4688

53
48
48
48
48
44

.3396
.3750
.2500
.3750
.3750
.5000




UNIO N SCALE OF W A G E S AND H O U R S OF L A B O R , M A Y 15, 1913.
T able

95

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
P AIN TERS—Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
City.

Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

May 15, 1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Union A ..........
Union B ..........
Cincinnati, Ohio. . .
Cleveland, Ohio___
Detroit, Mich.........
Indianapolis, In d ..
Kansas City, M o. . .
Milwaukee, W is___
Minneapolis, Minn.
Omaha, Nebr.........
St. Louis, M o.........
St. Paul, Minn.......

$0.6000
. 4500
.4500
.4000
.4250
.5000
.5000
.4500
.5000
.5500
.4500

$0.6500
.5000
.5000
.5000
.4500
.4750
.6000
.5000
.5000
.5000
.5750
.5000

.4500
.4375
.4375
.4250
.5000
.4000

.4500
.5000
*5000
.4500
.5000
.4000

.5000
.4375
.5000
.5625
.5625
.5625

.5000
.4375
.5000
.6250
.5625
.5625

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.
Dallas, T ex...........
Little Rock, Ark..
Louisville, K y ----Memphis, Term...
New Orleans, L a..
Western.
Denver, Colo...............
Los Angeles, Cal.........
Portland, Oreg...........
Salt Lake City, Utah..
San Francisco, Cal___
Seattle, Wash..............
P A IN TE R S: Fresco.
North Atlantic.
44
44
44
44

$0.5500
.5000
.5625
.4775

44
44
44
44

$0.5500
.5000
.5625
.4775

48

Boston, Mass..........
New Haven, Conn.
New York, N. Y ...
Philadelphia, P a ...

.5000

48

.5000

South Atlantic.
Charleston, S. C.
North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Union A ..........
Union B ..........
Cincinnati, Ohio. . .
Cleveland, Ohio___
Indianapolis, Ind ..
‘Kansas City, M o. . .
Milwaukee, Wis___
Minneapolis, Minn.
Omaha, Nebr.........
St. Paul, Minn.......

44

.6000

44
48
48
44
44
48
44
48

.5000
. 6500
. 4250
.5000
.5000
.4500
.5000
. 4500

44
44
44
44
48
44
44
44
44
44

.6500
.6250
.5000
.7000
.4750
.6000
.5000
.5000
.5000
.5000

Louisville, K y .

48

..6500

48

.6500

Salt Lake City, Utah.

44

. 6250

44

.6250

South Central.




96
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
PLASTERERS.
May 15, 1912.
City.

May 15,1913.

Hours of
Rate of
Hours of
labor per wages per labor per
week.
hour.
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.............................................................................
Buffalo, N. Y__........................................................................
Fall River, Mass.......................................................................
Manchester, N. H .....................................................................
Newark, N. J ............................................................................
New Haven, Conn....................................................................
New York, N. Y .......................................................................
Philadelphia, Pa.......................................................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.................... ..................................................... 1
Providence, R . I ...................................................................... 5
Scranton, Pa............................................................................. !

44
48
48
i 48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

$0.6500
.5500
.5500
.4375
.6500
.6000
. 6875
.6250
.6250
.6000
. 5000

44
48
48
i 48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

$0.6500
. 6000
.5500
.5000
.6500
.6000
.6875
.6250
.6250
.6250
.5500

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...............................................................................
Baltimore, M d..........................................................................
Charleston, S. C........................................................................ !
Jacksonville, Fla.......................................................................
Richmond, V a .................... .....................................................
Washington, I). C......................................................... ........... :

53
44
53
48
48
44

.4500
.6250
.4075
. 5625
. 3750
.6250

53
44
53
48
48
44

.4500
.6250
.4075
.5625
.3750
.6250

44
44*

44
44*
44
44
44
44
44
44

.7500
.6250
.6250
.6250
.6250
.7500
.6500
.7000
.7500
.7500
.6250

44
44*
44
44
44*
44
44
44
44
44
44

.7500
.6875
.6250
.6800
.6250
.7500
. 6500
.7000
. 7500
. 7500
.6250

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.....................................................................
Dallas,'Tex...............................................................................
Little Rock, Ark......................................................................
Louisville, K y . ........................................................................
Memphis, Tenn........................................................................
New Orleans, La.......................................................................

44
44
44
44
44
48

.6250
.7500
.7500
.6500
.7500
.6250

44
44
44
44
44
48

.6250
.7500
.7500
.6500
.7500
.6250

Western.
Denver, Colo...........................................................................
Los Angeles, Cal.......................................................................
Portland, Oreg..........................................................................
Salt Lake City, Utah...............................................................
San Francisco, Cal....................................................................
Seattle, Wash............................................................................

44
44
44
44
44
44

.6875
.6875
.7500
.7500
.8750
.7500

44
44
44
44
44
44

.7500
. 7500
.7500
.7500
.8750
. 7500

$0.4000
.4000
.4063
.4375

44
44
44
44

$0.4150
.4000
.4063
.4375

North Central.
Chicago, 111................................................................................
Cincinnati, Ohio.......................................................................
Cleveland, Ohio........................................................................ i
Detroit, Mich............................................................................ j
Indianapolis, Ind......................................................................i
Kansas City, Mo.......................................................................!
Milwaukee, Wis........................................................................
Minneapolis, Minn................................................................... !
Omaha, Nebr............................................................................
St. Louis, Mo............................................................................
St. Paul, Minn..........................................................................

. 44

1
PLASTERERS’ LABORERS.
!
North Atlantic. .
Boston, Mass:
English union...................................................................
Italian union...................................................................... |
New York, N. Y ............... ........................ *............................. 1
Philadelphia, Pa.......................................................................
South Atlantic.
Washington, D. C.....................................................................




44
44
44
44
44

144 hours, June to September.

.2813

|
44 1

.3125

U N IO N s c a l e o f w a g e s a n d h o u r s OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1913.
T able

97

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
PLASTERERS’ LABORERS—Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
City.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Worth Central.
Chicago, III..............................
Cincinnati, Ohio.....................
Cleveland, Ohio: H elpers.. . .
Detroit, M ich..........................
Kansas City, M o....................
Minneapolis, Minn: Tenders.
Omaha, Nebr.........................
St. Louis, Mo..........................

May 15, 1913.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

44
45
48
44
44
44
44
44

$0.4500
.4500
.3000
.3750
.3750
.4063
.3500
.5625

44
45
48
44
44
44
44
44

$0.4800
. 4500
.3500
.3750
.3750
. 4063
.3500
.5625

44
44
44

. 2500
.3000
. 2500

44
44
44

.2500
.3000
. 2500

44
48

.3250
.3250

44
48

.3250

44
44
48
44
44
44

.4375
.5625
.5000
.5625
.6250
.5000

44
44
48
44
44
44

.4375
.5625
.5000
.5625
. 6250
. 5000

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.
Dallas, T ex ...........
Little Kock, A rk..
Louisville, Ky ,1...
Memphis, Tenn...
New Orleans, La..

.3250

Western.
Denver, Colo..............
Los Angeles, Cal.........
Portland, Oreg............
Salt Lake City, Utah.
San Francisco, Cal —
Seattle, Wash.............

PLUMBERS AND GAS FITTERS.
[
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Gas fitters.........................................
Plumbers..........................................
Buffalo, N. Y ..........................................
Fall River, Mass.....................................
Manchester, N. H ...................................
Newark, N. J ..........................................
New Haven, Conn..................................
New York, N. Y .:
Manhattan, Bronx, and Brooklyn..
Queens..............................................
Richmond........................................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Union A ....... ....................................
Union B ............................................
Pittsburgh, Pa........................................
Providence, R. I .....................................
Scranton, Pa...........................................
Atlanta, Ga.......... .
Baltimore, Md___
Jacksonville, Fla...
Richmond, Va____
Washington, D. C..

44
44
48
48
48
44
44

$0.5000
.6000
.5000
.4375
.3125
.5625
.5450

44
44
48
48
48
44
44

$0.5000
. 6000
.5625
.4375
.3125
.6250
.5450

44
44
44

.6875
.6250
.5313

44
44
44

.6875
. 6250
.5313

44
44
48
44
48

.5000
.4375
.6250
.5000
.4688

44
44
44
44
48

. 5000
. 4375
.6250
.5625
.5000

53
48
48
48
48

.4528
.5000
.6250
.4688
.5000

53
48
48
48
48

.4528
. 5000
. 6250
.5000
.5000

44
44i
44
48
44
48
44
48
44
44
44

. 6875
.5625
.6250
. 5000
.5625
.6250
. 5625
.5628
.6825
.6625
.6250

44
44*
44
48
44
48
44
48
44
44
44

. 7500
.6250
.6250
.5625
.6250
.6250
.6250
.5625
. 6825
. 6625
. 6250

South Atlantic.

North Central.
Chicago, 111.............
Cincinnati, O h io...
Cleveland, Ohio___
Detroit, Mich.........
Indianapolis, Ind..
Kansas City, Mo. . .
Milwaukee, W is___
Minneapolis, Minn.
Omaha^ Nebr.........
St. Louis, Mo.........
St. Paul, Minn.......
1 See Hod carriers.

33136°— Bull. 143- 14-




98

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T at;: e I I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BUILDING TRAD ES— Continued.
PLUMBERS AND GAS FITTERS—Concluded.
5,
May :L 1912.
City.

May :15, 1913.

Hours cf
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala...............................
Dallas, T ex.........................................
Little Rock, Ark................................
Louisville, K y ....................................
Memphis, Tenn..................................
New Orleans, La................................

44
44
48
48
48
48

$0.6875
.6875
.5625
.5000
.6250
.5625

44
44
48
44
48
48

$0.6875
.6875
.5625
.6000
. 6250
.5625

Western.
Denver, Colo.......................................
Los Angeles, Cal................................
Portland, Oreg...................................
Salt Lake City, Utah.........................
San Francisco, Cal.............................
Seattle, Wash.....................................

44
48
44
44
44
•
U

. 6250
.5625
. 7500
. 7000
. 7500
.8125

44
48
44
44
44
44

.6250
.5625
.7500
.7500
.7500
.8125

54
44
48
48
44
44

$0.2750
.5250
.4000
.3125
.5500
.4773

54
44
48
48
44
44

$0.2950
.5500
.4500
.3438
.6000
.4773

44
44
48
44
44
44
48

.5938
.5625
.5000
.5000
.5000
.4100
.4375

44
44
48
44
44
44
48

L5938
1.5625
1.5000
.5000
.5500
.4600
.4375

53
54
54
54
54 i
48

.3396
.4000
.3800
.3600
.3500
.4000

53
54
54
54
54
48
53

.3396
.4000
.3800
.3600
.3500
.4000
.1698

j
!
!
I

.3750
.3438
.3500
.5000

48
48
54
44

.3750
.3438
.3600
.5000

Rate of
wages per
hour.

i
SHEET-METAL WORKERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Railroad shops, road A .................
Railroad shops, road B .................
Buffalo, N. Y .......................................
Manchester, N. II................................
Newark, N. J .......................................
New Haven, Conn...............................
New York, N. Y.:
Manhattan, Bronx, and Kings. . .
Queens...........................................
Richmond.....................................
Philadelphia, Pa..................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.....................................
Providence, R. I ..................................
Scranton, Pa........................................
South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Manufacturing sh ops....................
Railroad shops, road A ..................
Railroad shops, road B ..................
Railroad shops, road C...................
Railroad shops, road D ..................
Baltimore, Md.: Shopmen...................
Charleston, S. C.....................................
Jacksonville, Fla.:
White..............................................
Negro...............................................
Railroad shops................................
Washington, D. C.................................
North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Outside m en...
Shopmen..........
Cincinnati, O h io...
Cleveland, Ohio___
Detroit, M ich.........
Indianapolis, In d ..
Kansas City, M o. . .
Milwaukee, W is___
Minneapolis, Minn.
Omaha, Nebr.........
St. Louis, M o.........
St. Paul, Minn.......
1 Scale became ?0.6250 on Aug. 7, 1913.
2 44 hours, June 15 to Sept. 15.




48
48
54
44

44
.6250
44
54
54
.4000
44
.3750
44
.4250
48
48
48
.4000
48
.4500
48
48
44
44
.5000
.4250
! 48
2 48
48
.4500
48
>44
.4250
* 44
.6000
44
44
.4000
48
-1 '
8
a 48 hours, August to December.

.6500
.4500
.4500
.4500
.4000
.4750
.5750
.4250
.5000
.4250
.6000
.5000

U NIO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.
Table

99

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BUILDING TRAD ES— Continued.
SHEET-METAL WORKERS—Concluded.
May 15,1912.
City.

Hours of
labor per
week.

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Dallas, T ex................................................................................
Little Rock, Ark.:
Shopmen.............................................................................
Railroad shops, road B ......................................................
Railroad shops, road A ......................................................
Louisville, K y ..........................................................................
Memphis, Tenn.:
Manufacturing shops............... .........................................
Railroad shops..... .............................................................
New Orleans, La.:
Shopmen..................................................... .......................
Railroad shops, road A ....................................................
Railroad shops, road C......................................................

Rate of
wages per
hour.

May 15,1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

44
54
48

SO.5500
.3800
.5000

48
54
53
48

.5000
.3700
.3762
.3750

48
53
53
48

.5000
.3863
.3914
.4000

48
54

.4500
.3800

48
54

.4500
.3800

48
54
54

.3750
.4000
.4200

48
54
54

.3750
.4000
.4200

44
44
48
44
44
44

.5625
.5625
.5625
.5750
.6875
. 5625

44
44
44
44
44
44

.5625
.5625
. 5625
.5750
.6875
.5625

$0.5000
.5000
.3125
.5500

44
48
48
44

$0.5000
.5625
.3125
.6250

44
53
44
44
48
44
48

'

$0.5000
.3700
.5000

44
48
48
44

Western.
Denver, Colo..............................................................................
Los Angeles, Cal.......................................................................
Portland, Oreg..........................................................................
Salt Lake City, Utah................................................................
San Francisco, Cal...................................................... ............
Seattle, Wash............................................................................

44
54
48

.4775
.2925
.6875
.4375
.5625
.3750
.4063

44
53
44
44
48
44
48

.5000
.3130
.6875
.5000
.5625
.4375
.4688

53
48
48
43
48

.4528
.5000
.6250
.4688
.5000

53
48
48
48
48

.4528
.5000
.6250
.5000
.5000

44

44
44J

48
44
44

.7188
.5625
.5625
.5000
.5625
.62-50

48
44
44

.7500
.5625
.5625
.5625
.6250
.6250

44
2 50
48
44
44
44
4<

.5000
3.3162
.5625
.6825
. 6875
.57-.0
.5000

44
2 50
44
44
44
44
48

.5625
4 .3315
.5625
.6825
.7500
.7500
.5000

STEAM FITTERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass...........
Buffalo, N. Y ..........

Manchester, N. H ___

Newark, N. J ...........
New Haven, Conn.:
Outside men___
Railroad shops..
New York, N. Y . . . .
Philadelphia, Pa___
Pittsburgh, Pa.........
Providence, R. I ___
Scranton, Pa............
South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga............
Baltimore, M d.......
Jacksonville, F la...
Richmond, V a.......
Washington, D. C_.
North Central.
Chicago, 111.............................
Cincinnati, Ohio....................
Cleveland, Ohio......................
Detroit, Mich........................ .
Indianapolis, Ind ...................
Kansas City, Mo....................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Building work.................
Railroad shops.................
Minneapolis, Minn.................
Omaha, Nebr..... ...................
St. Louis, Mo..........................
St. Louis, Mo.: In breweries.
St. Paul, Minn............... ........
14S hours, January to March and October to December.

254 hours, October to April.




m
48

144

3 $0.3100, October to April.
4 $0.3250, October to April.

100

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.

T able I I . —

BUILDING TRAD ES— Continued.
STEAM FITTERS—Concluded.
May 15,1912.
City.

May 15,1913.

Hours of
Rate of
Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per labor per wages per
week.
hour.
week.
hour.

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala...............................
Dallas, Tex.........................................
Little Rock, Ark................................
Louisville, K y ....................................
Memphis, Tenn............ .....................
New Orleans, La................................

44
44
48
48
48
48

$0.6875
.6875
.5625
.5000
.6250
.5625

44
44
48
48
48
48

>6875
.
.6875
.5625
.5000
.6250
.5625

Western.
Denver, Colo.......................................
Los Angeles, Cal................................
Portland, Oreg...................................
Salt Lake City, Utah.......................
San Francisco, Cal.............................
•Seattle, Wash.....................................

44
48
44
44
44
44

.6250
.5625
.7500
.7000
. 7500
. 8125

44
44
48
44
44
44

.6250
.5625
. 7£Q0
.7500
.7500
.8125

44
44

$0.2813
.2500

44
44

$0.2813
.2500

44
44

.3000
.3000

44
44

.3313
.3125

44
53
44
44
48
44
48

.2500
.2085
.3750
.2500
.3125
.2500
.2500

44
53
44
44
48
44
48

.2500
.2230
.3750
.2813
.3125
.2500
.2500

53
48
48

.2264
.2813
.2750

53
48
48

.2264
.2813
.2750

44
44^
48

.3750
.2900
.2813

44
44

.2813
.3125

44
44*
l 44
48
44
44

. 4000
.2900
.2813
.2500
.3125
.3125

44
250
48
44
44
44
48

.2500
3.2091
.2813
.2813
.3750
.3250
.3000

44
2 50
44
44
44
44
48

.2813
4.2193
.2813
.2813
.3750
.3750
.3000

44
44
48
48

.2188
.3125
.2500
.2500

44
44
48
48

.2188
.3125
. 2500
.3125

44
44
44
44

.3125
. 3750
.3125
.3750

44

. 3125
. 3750
.3125
.3750

STEAM FITTERS’ HELPERS.

Boston, Mass.:
Union A ............
Union B ............
Newark, N. J.:
Union A .......... .
Union B ............
New Haven, Conn. :
Outside men___
Railroad shops..
New York, N. Y ___
Philadelphia, Pa___
Pittsburgh, Pa.........
Providence, R. I ___
Scranton, Pa............

North Atlantic.

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga..........
Baltimore, Md___
Washington, D. C..
North Central.
Chicago, 111............................................
Cincinnati, Ohio..................................
Cleveland, Ohio................................... .
Detroit, Mich....................................... .
Indianapolis, Ind................................ .
Kansas City, Mo...................................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Building work...............................
Railroad work...............................
Minneapolis, Minn...............................
Omaha, Nebr.......................................
St. Louis, M o.......................................
St. Louis, Mo.: In breweries..............
St. Paul, Minn.....................................
South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.
Dallas, Tex...........
Louisville, K y ___
Memphis, Tenn...
Western.
Denver, Colo...............
Portland, Oreg___. ...
Salt Lake City, Utah.
San Francisco, Cal___
148 hours, January to March and October to December.
254 hours, October to April.




44
44
44

8$0.2050, October to April.
* $0.2150, October to April.

UNIO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1913.
T able

101

I I . — ONION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
STONEMASONS.
May 15, 1912.
City.

May 15, 1913.

Hours of
Rate of
Hours of
labor per wages per labor per
week.
week.
hour.

North A tlantic.
Boston, Masr!.............................................................................
Buffalo, N. Y ............................................................................
Fall River, Mass.......................................................................
Newark, N. J ............................................................................
New Haven, Conn....................................................................
New York, N. Y .:
Manhattan and Bronx......................................................
Brooklyn, Queens, and Richmond..................................
Philadelphia, Pa....... ...............................................................
Pittsburgh, Pa..........................................................................
Providence, R . I.:
Cutters and setters.............................................................
Foundation work...............................................................
Scranton, Pa.............................................................................
South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...............................................................................
Baltimore, Md..........................................................................
Jacksonville, Fla.......................................................................
Washington, D. C.....................................................................

Rate of
wages per
hour.

44
48
48
44
44

$0.6000
.5500
.5500
.6500
.5000

44
48
48
44
44

$0.6500
.5500
.5500
.6500
.5500

44
44
44
44

.5750
.4375
.5000
.5500

44
44
44
44

.6000
.5000
.5000
.5500

44
44
48

.6000
.5000
.4500

44
44
48

.6500
.5000
.5000

53
i 45
48
44*

. 4500
.5625
.5000
.6250

53
145
48
44*

.4500
.5625
.6250
.6250

North Central.
Chicago, 111................................................................................
Gincinnati, Ohio.......................................................................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Laying dressed stone.........................................................
Rubble work......................................................................
Detroit, Mich............................................................................
Indianapolis. Ind.....................................................................
Kansas Citv' Mo.......................................................................
Milwaukee, Wis........................................................................
Minneapolis, Minn....................................................................
Omaha, Nebr............................................................................
St. Louis, Mo............................................................................
St. Paul, Minn..........................................................................

44
45

.7250
.5400

44
45

. 7500
-6000

48
48
48
44
44
44
4R
44
44
48

.6500
.5000
.5500
.6500
.6250
.6500
.5500
.7000
.6000
.5500

48
48
48
44
44
44
48
44
44
48

.6500
.5000
.6000
.7000
.6250
. 6750
.5500
.7000
.6000
.5500

South Central.
>
Dallas, Tex...............................................................................
Little Rock, Ark.......................................................................
Louisville, K y ..........................................................................
New Orleans, La.......................................................................

44
48
48
44

.7500
.6250
.5500
.6250

44
44
44
44

.8750
.6250
.5500
.6250

.6250

14
48
44
44
44

.6250
. 6250
. 7500
. 6250

44
48
44
44
44
44
44
41
48

$0.6250
.6000
.6250
.6250
.6250
.6000
.6250
.5625
.6625

Western.
Denver, Colo............................................................................
44
Los Aneeles. Cal.............. .................................... ...................
Portland. Oree. ..................................................................... ...................
Salt Lake City, Utah............................................................... i
44
San Francisco, Cal...................................................•.............. !
_
4j

. H250
. 8750

.8750

STRU C TU R A L IRON W ORKERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.......................................
Buffalo, N. Y .......................................
Newark, N. J.......................................
New Haven, Conn...............................
New York, N. Y ..................................
Philadelphia, Pa..................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.....................................
Providence, R. I ..................................
Scranton, Pa........................................

44
$0.5625
48
.6000
44
.6250
.5625
44
44
.6250
44
.6000
44
. 5625
44
. 5625
.5625
48
i 44 hours, January to March and November and December.




102
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS—Concluded.
May 15,1912.
City.

May 15,1913.

Hours of
Rate of
Hours of
labor per wages per labor per
week.
hour.
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...............................................................................
Baltimore, Md..........................................................................
Richmond, Y a..........................................................................
Washington, D. C ....................................................................

48
48
48
44

North Central.
Chicago, 111................................................................................
Cincinnati, Ohio.......................................................................
Cleveland, Ohio........................................................................
Detroit, Mich............................................................................
Indianapolis, In d .....................................................................
Kansas City, Mo.......................................................................
Milwaukee, W is........................................................................
Minneapolis, Minn....................................................................
Omaha, Nebr............................................................................
St. Louis, Mo............................................................................
St. Paul, Minn............... .........................................................

48
44*
48
148
44
44
2 48
48
344
44
48

.6800
.6000
.6500
.6000
.6500
.6250
.5625
.5625
.5625
.6500
.5000

48
44*
48
148
44
44
2 48
48
3 44
44
48

.6800
.6000
.6500
.6000
.6500
.6250
.5625
.5625
.5875
.6500
. 5025

South Central,
Birmingham, Ala.....................................................................
Dallas, T ex................................................................................
Louisville, K y ..........................................................................
Memphis, Tenn........................................................................
New-Orleans, La.......................................................................

48
44
48
44
44

.5625
.5625
.5000
.5625
. 5625

44
44
48
44
44

.6250
.6250
.5000
. 6250
.6250

Western.
Denver, Colo.............................................................................
Portland, Oreg........................................................................
Salt Lake City, Utah...............................................................
San Francisco, Cal..................................................................
Seattle, Wash...........................................................................
Seattle, Wash: Reinforced concrete........................................

44
44
44
44
44
44

.5625
.6250
. 5625
.6250
.6000
. 5000

44
44
44
44
44
44

. 5625
. 6250
.6250
. 7500
. 6250
. 5625

144 hours, June to September,
s 44 hours, June to October.




$0.5625
.5625
. 5625
. 5625

44
44
44
44

* 48 hours, October to April.

$0.6250
.5625
.5625
.5625

U NIO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.
T able

103

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND ECOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BUILDING TRAD ES— Continued.
STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS: Finishers.
May 15, 1912.
City.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

May 15,1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

North Atlantic.
Buffalo, N. Y .......................................
New Haven, Conn...............................
New York, N. Y ..................................
Philadelphia, Pa..................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.....................................
Providence, R. I ...........................

48
44
44
44
44
44

$0.6000
.5625
.6250
.6000
.5938
.5625

48
44
44
44
44
44

$0.6000
.6250
. 6250
.6000
.6250
. 5625

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga..........................................

48

.5625

44

.6250

Chicago, 111: Architectural work........
Cincinnati, Ohio..................................
Indianapc>lis, Ind.................................
Kansas City, Mo..................................
Milwaukee, W is...................................
Minneapolis, Minn................. ............
Omaha, Nebr.......................................
St. Louis, Mo.......................................
St. Paul, Minn.....................................

44
44*
44
44
i 48
48
2 44
44
43

.6250
.5000
.6500
.6250
.5625
.5625
.5625
.6500
.5000

44
44*
44
44
148
48
2 44
44
48

.6750
.5000
.6500
.6250
.5625
.5625
.5875
.6500
.5625

South Central.
New Orleans, La..................................

44

. 5625

44

.6250

Western.
Denver, Colo.........................................
Portland, Oreg.....................................
Salt Lake City, Utah...........................
San Francisco, Cal...............................
Seattle, Wash.......................................

44
44
44
44
44

.5625
.6250
.5625
.6250
.6000

44
44
44
44
44

.5625
.6250
.6250
.6250
.6250

North Central.

STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS: Finishers’ helpers.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass..........................................
Newark, N. J .........................................
New Haven, Conn.................................
New York, N. Y ....................................
Philadelphia, Pa....................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.......................................
Providence, R. I ...................................

4
:4
44
44
44
44
44
44

$0.4200
.4375
.3500
.4375
.4500
.4250
.4800

44
44
44
44
44
44
44

$0.4500
.4375
.3800
.4375
.4500
.4500
.4800

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga............................................
Baltimore, M d.......................................
Washington, D. C..................................

48
48
44

.3000
.3125
.2500

44
44
44

.3150
.3500
.2500

North Central.
Cincinnati, Ohio....................................
Cleveland, Ohio.....................................

41*
48

.3250
.3500

44*
48

.3250
.3500

South Central.
New Orleans, La....................................

44

.3500

44

.3500

Western.
Portland, Oreg.......................................

44

.4167

44

.4167

144 hours, June to October.




2 48 hours, October to April.

104
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES,, MAY" 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Concluded.
TILE LAYERS.
May 15,1912.
City.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

May 15,1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

North Atlantic.
"Rnstnn. Mass______

44
$0.6250
44
48
.5000
48
Buffalo, N. Y ............................................................................
44
.6250
44
44
.6250
44
New York, N. Y .......................................................................
44
.6250
44
Philadelphia, Pa......................................................................
48
.6250
Pittsburgh, Pa..........................................................................
48
48
.5000
48

SO.6875
.5625
. 6250
.6875
.6250
.6250
.5000

South Atlantic.
48
Richmond, V a..........................................................................

.5000

48

.5625

48
48
48

.5000
.5000
. 5625

44
45*
48
48
44
44
48
44
44
48

.7500
.6250
.5625
.5625
.6875
.6250
.6250
.6250
.6250
.6250

44
45*
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

. 7500
. 6250
.5938
.6250
.7500
.6250
.6250
.6250
.6250
.6250

48
48

.5000
.5625

48
48

.5000
.5625

44
48
48
44
48

.6250
.5625
. 6875
.7500
. 6250

44
48
48
44
48

. 6250
. 6250
. 6875
. 7500
. 6250

North Central.
Chicago. Til...............

Omaha, N e b r ..........................................................................
St. Louis, Mo............................................................................
St. Pfml Minn
._
---------------__ _______________________________
South Central.
T,onisvillp. TCv
TvfprnrVhis. Tp.nn

_______________________

___

Western.
Dp.nvp.r Colo______
Los Angeles, Cal.......................................................................
Portland, Oreg..........................................................................
_________________________________
San Fra.nnisno. Cal
!
Seattle, W ash..........

TILE LAYERS’ HELPERS.
North Atlantic.
"Rnffnln N Y
Newark, N. J............................................................................
New York, N. Y .......................................................................
Philadelphia, Pa.......................................................................
Pittsburgh. Pa..........................................................................

44
45*
44
48

$0.3750
.3626
.3750
.3250

48
44
45*
44
48

SO.2188
.3750
.3626
.3750
. 3250

Chipapn. T il..... ........
Cincinnati, Ohio .....................................................................
Cleveland, Ohio........................................................................
Indianapolis, Ind
...........................................................
Kansas City, Mo .....................................................................
Milwaukee, W is........................................................................
Minneapolis, Minn....................................................................
Omaha, Nebr............................................................................
St. Louis, Mo............................................................................
St Paul. Minn_________________________________________

44
45*
48
48
44
44
48
44
44
48

.4375
. 3250
.2500
.2500
.3125
.3438
.2850
.3125
. 3438
.2850

44
45*
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

.4375
. 3250
.2813
.3125
.3750
. 3438
. 2850
. 3500
.3438
.2850

Western.
Dp.nvpr _Cnlo_
Los Angeles, Cal.......................................................................
Portland, Oreg..........................................................................
San Franpispo. Cal
____ ______________________
Seattle, Wash......... ...............................................

44
48
48
44
48

. 3438
. 2813
. 4063
.3125
.4063

44
48
48
44
48

.3438
. 3438
. 4063
.3125
.4063

North Central.




U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1913.
T able

105

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
GRANITE AN D STONE TRADES.
GRANITE CUTTERS.

[
City.

May 15, 1912.

JHours of

labor per

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Outside men.......................................................................
Inside men..........................................................................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Inside men.........................................................................
Machine men.....................................................................
Fall River, Mass.:
Outside men.......................................................................
Inside men..........................................................................
Machine men............................ .....................
Manchester, N. H ................................................................
Newark, N. J ........................................................................
New Haven, Conn.:
Outside men............ ...............................................
Inside men.....................................................................
New York, N. Y.:
Outside men...................................................................
Outside men 1................................................................
Tnside men....................
Machine men.....................................................................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Inside and outside men.....................................................
Machine men......................................................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Outside men......................................................................
Inside men..........................................................................
Providence, R. I.:
Outside men.......................................................................
Inside men............................................................
Machine men.....................................................................
South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Inside men.........................................................................
Machine men...............................................................
Outside men......................................................................
Baltimore, Md.:
Inside men..........................................................................
Outside men................................................................
Charleston, S. C.......................................................................
Richmond, V a.....................................................................
Washington, D. C.:
Inside men........................................................................
Machine men................ ....................................................
Outside men...................................................................
North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
*
Inside men...................... ................................................
Outside men.....................................................................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Outside men.........................................................
Machine men................................................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Outside men...................................................................
Surfacing machine (large).................................................
Surfacing machine (small).............................................
Inside men..............................................................
Detroit. Mich.:
Outside men...........................................................
Machine men....................................................................
Inside men...................................................................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Outside men.......................................................................
Inside men........................................................................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Outside men......................................................................
Inside men..........................................................................




Rate of
wages per
hour.

May 15, 1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

44
44

$0.4500
.4438

44
44

$0.4750
.4563

48
48

.4375
.5313

44
44

. 4375
. 531i

48
48
48
48

.4375
.4063
.4375
.3750

45
45
45
48
44

.4613
.4300
.4925
.4063
.5000

44
41

.4375
.3750

44
44

.4700
.4100

44
44
44
44

.5625
. 5625
.5000
.5625

44
44
44
44

.6250
.6875
.5000
.5625

44
44

.5000
.5625

44
44

.5000
.5625

48
48

.5500
.4375

44
44

.6250
.5000

2 45
2 45
2 45

.4063
.3850
.4688

45
45
45

.4500
.4063
.5000

45
45
45

.4125
.4750
.4750

45
45
45

.4125
.4750
.4750

44
44
48
48

.5000
.5625
.4063
.4375

44
44
44
44

.5000
. 5625
.4500
.5000

44
44
44

.4500
.5125
.5000

44
44
44

.4500
.5125
.5000

48
44

. 5625
. 5625

44
44

. 6250
.6250

48
48

.5000
.5000

45
45

.5625
.5150

48
48
48
48

.5500
.4500
. 4250
.4188

44
44
44
44

.5500
.5000
.4500
.4188

44*
4 4^
44|

.5000
.4875
.4375

44*
44*
44*

. 5125
. 5000
. 4500

44
45

. 5000
. 4000

44
44

.5625
.4750

48

.4250

1 Trim and fit stone cut outside of city.
2 48 hours, January to April and October to December.

106

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e I I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
GRANITE AN D STONE TRADES— Continued.
GRANITE CUTTERS—Concluded.
May 15,1912.
City.

Hours of
labor per
week.

North Central—Concluded.
St. Louis, Mo.:
Inside men..........................................................................
Machine men.....................................................................
Outside men......................................................................
St. Paul, Minn.: Outside men.................................................j

Rate of
wages per
hour.

May 15,1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

44
44
44
44

$0.5000
.6000
.6000
.5625

. 4063

45

.4500

.4000
.4000

48
48

.4500
.5000

44
48
44
44

.5713
.6250
.6250
.6250

44
48
44
44

.5713
.6250
.6250
.6250

44
44

.6250
.6875

44
44

.6250
.6875

44
44

. 6250
. 6875

44
44

.6250
.6875

44
44
48

$0.6000
.5000
.5625

44
44
48

$0.6500
.5625
.5625

44
44
44
44

.6250
.5625
.5000
.5000

44
44
44
44

.6875
.6250
.5625
.5625

44
44
44
44
44
44
48

.6250
.5625
.5000
.5000
.5000
.5000
.5000

44
44
44
44
44
48
48

.6838
.5625
.5000
.5000
.5000
.5000
.5000

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...............................................................................
Baltimore, Md...........................................................................
Jacksonville, Fla.......................................................................
Richmond, V a..........................................................................
Washington, D. C.....................................................................

48
44*
45
48
44

.5000
.5000
.5000
.5000
.5000

48
44*
45
44
44

.5000
.5000
.5000
.5450
.5400

North Central.
Chicago, 111................................................................................
Cincinnati, Ohio.......................................................................
Cleveland, Ohio........................................................................
Detroit, Mich............................................................................
Indianapolis, Ind......................................................................
Kansas City, M o.......................................................................
Milwaukee, W is........................................................................
Minneapolis, Minn...................................................................
Omaha, Nebr............................................................................
St. Louis, Mo............................................................................
St. Paul, Minn..........................................................................

44
44*
44
44
47
44
44
44
44
44
44

. 6250
. 5625
. 5625
.5625
.5625
. 5625
.5000
. 5625
.5500
.5625
.5625

44
44*
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

.6250
.5625
.6000
.6250
.5625
. 5625
.5000
.5625
.5875
.5625
.5625

South Central.

44
44
44
48

$0.5000
.5625
.5625
.5000

48
48
48

\

Louisville, Ky.: Inside men................................................... |
New Orleans, La.:
!
Building and monumental work.....................................
Machine m en .....................................................................
Western.
Denver, Colo.............................................................................
Los Angeles, Cal.......................................................................
Portland, Oreg..........................................................................
Salt Lake City, Utah..........................................................
San Francisco, Cal.:
Inside men..........................................................................
Outside men.....................................................................
Seattle, Wash.:
Inside men..........................................................................
Outside and machine men................................................
STONECUTTERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Outside men.......................................................................
Inside men..........................................................................
Buffalo, N. Y ............................................................................|
Newark, N. J.:
j
First class............................................................................!
Second class........................................................................
Third class.......................................................................... 1
New Haven, Conn....................................................................
New York, N. Y.:
First class............................................................................
Second class........................................................................
Third class..........................................................................
Philadelphia, Pa.......................................................................
Pittsburgh, Pa..........................................................................
Providence, R. I .......................................................................
Scranton, Pa.............................................................................




U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS 01? LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.
T able

107

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
GRANITE AN D STONE TRADES— Concluded.
STO N ECU TTER S—Concluded.

May 15, 1912.
City.

May 15,1913.

Hours of j Rate of
labor per j wages per
week. I hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

South Central.
$0.5000
.6250

Birmingham, Ala.
Dallas, T ex...........
Little Rock, A rk..
Louisville, K y ---Memphis, Tenn...

$0.5000
.6250
.5500
.5625
.6500

.5000
.6500
Western.
44
44
44
44

Denver, Colo...............
Portland, Oreg............
Salt Lake City, Utah..
San Francisco, Cal___

i
i
j
1

.6250
.7000
. 6250
.6250

.6250
.7000
.62,50

.6250

METAL TRADES.
BLACKSM ITHS.
North Atlantic.
Buffalo, N. Y ....................................................
New Haven, Conn.: Railroad shops...............
New York, N. Y .:
Inside men..................................................
Outside men...............................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops..................................
Locomotive works......................................
Locomotive works, hammermen...............
Scranton, Pa......................................................
South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Manufacturing shops.................................
Railroad shops, road E .............................
Railroad shops, road D ..............................
Railroad shops, road 15..............................
Railroad shops, road A ..............................
Charleston, S. C.:
Manufacturing shops..................................
Railroad shops............................................
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Manufacturing shops..................................
Railroad shops............................................
Richmond, Va.:
Manufacturing shops..................................
Locomotive works......................................
Locomotive works, hammermen.............
Railroad shops, road A ..............................
Railroad shops, road C..............................
Railroad shops, road B ..............................
North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Outside men...............................................
Manufacturing shops..................................
Railroad shops............................................
Hammersmiths, manufacturing shops___
Hammersmiths, railroad shops.................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Manufacturing shops..................................
Railroad shops, road B ..............................
Railroad shops, roundhouse, road D ........
Railroad shops, roundhouse, road E ........
1 48 hours, September to April.




j
54
53

$0.3333
.2904

54
53

$0.4000
.3057

53
44

. 4528
.5000

53
44

.4528
.5000

54
50
50
54

.3333
.3250
.8889
.3333

48
50
50
54

.3750
.3250
.8889
.3333

54
51
54
54
54

.3500
.3500
.3900
.3900
.4100

54
54
54
54
54

.3750
.3500
.3900
.4100
.4100

54
48

.3600
.3900

54
48

.3600
. 4050

54
54

.4000
.3900

54
54

.4000
.4100

55
50
50
54
54
54

.3250
.3250
.7000
.3488
.3800
.3900

55
50
50
54
54
54

. 3250
.3250
.7000
.3686
.4000
.4100

i 44
M9
249
2 49
249

.6875
.4000
.3800
.5500
.5000

l 44
* 49
a 49
2 49
a 49

.6875
.4000
.4000
.5500
.5250

.2000
60
54
. 3250
.3400
60
54
.3000
* 54 hours, September to April.

.2000
.3350
.3500
.3000

60
54
60
54

108
T able

B U L L E T IN

OF T H E

BUREAU

OF L A B O R

S T A T IS T IC S .

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
METAL T&ADES—Continued.
BL ACK SM IT H S— Continued.

May 15, 1912.
City.

Hours of
labor per
week.

May 15,1913.

Rate of
Hours of
wages per labor per
hour.
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

North Central—Concluded.
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Manufacturing shops..........................
Railroad shops......................................
Kansas City, M o.:
Railroad shops, road B ......................
Railroad shops, road A ..................
Railroad shops, road B ......................
Railroad shops, terminal, road D ..
Railroad shops, road E ..................
Railroad shops, road F ......................
Railroad shops, road PI......................
Railroad shops, road G ......................
Railroad shops, road C ......................
Milwaukee, W is.:
Railroad shops......................................
Forging machines, railroad shops..
Trip-hammer men, railroad shops.
H am m erm en ........................................
Minneapolis, Minn., railroad shops___
Omaha, Nebr.:
Manufacturing shops..........................
Railroad shops......................................
Railroad shops, road A ..................
Railroad shops, road B ....................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Manufacturing shops..........................
Railroad shops......................................
St. Paul, Minn.:
Railroad shops, road A ...................
Railroad shops, road B ....................
Railroad shops, road C ......................
Hammermen, railroad shops...........

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.:
Manufacturing shops..................................... .
Railroad shops...............................................
Little Rock, Ark.:
Railroad shops, road A .................................
Railroad shops, road B (1st fire)..................
Railroad shops, road B (2d fire)...................
Railroad shops, road B (light car fire).........
Railroad shops, road B (miscellaneous fire).
Railroad shops, road B (hammermen)........
Memphis, Tenn.:
Manufacturing shops..................................... .
Railroad shops............................ _..................
New Orleans, La.:
Manufacturing shops......................................
Railroad shops, road A ................................. .
Railroad shops, road B ................................. .
Railroad shops, road C...................................
1 54 hours, October to April.
2 10.3000, October to April.
3 S0.3150, October to April.
* 10.2850, October to April.
&
SO.2900, October to April.
6$0.3050, October to April.




$0.3500
.3333

54
54

10.3500
.3450

.3500
.3600
.3900
.3500
.4000
.4000
.3900
.3600
.3800

54
54
54
60
54
54
54
54
54

.3500
. 3600
.3900
.3500
.4300
.4200
.3900
. 3700
.3800

2.3060
*.2907
5.2958
7. 3672
io. 3366

i 50
1 50
1 50
i 50
9 50

3. 3213
2.3060
6. 3111
s. 3825
n.3519

.4000
.4000
.3900
.4000

54
54
54
54

.4000
.4000
. 4100
. 4150

.3333
.3800

54
54

.3333
.4000

.4284
.3264
.3570
.6048

50
50
50
50

.4284
.3264
.3570
.6048

.3900
.3900

.3900
. 4100

.3965
.4100
.4100

.4372

.4100
.3450

.3660
.4067
.3558

.4444
.4100

.4444
.4100

.3611
.3850
. 3950
.4200

. 361X
.3850
. 39-iO
.4200

7 SO
.3600, October to April.
8 SO
.3750, October to April.
9 53 hours, October to April; paid for 54 hours.
1 $0.3362, October to April.
0
1 $0.3515, October to April.
1

.4126
.4575

U N I O N SC A L E OF W A G E S A N D H O U R S OF L A B O R , M A Y

15, 1913.

109

T a b l e I I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
BLACKSM ITHS—Concluded.
May 15,1912.
City.

May 15,1913.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops, road B .....................................................
Railroad shops, road A ....................................................
Portland, Oreg.:
Manufacturing and jobbing shops....................................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
San Francisco, Cal.:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Railroad shops, steam hammermen...............................
Ship and machine work....................................................
Shin and machine work, steam hammermen................

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

54
54
48

$0. 4000
.4150
.4250

54
54
48

$0.4000
.4150
. 4250
.4500

54

.4500

54

48

.4470

48

. 4470

48
54
54
48
48

.5000
.4000
.4556
.5000
. 5625

48
54
54
48
48

. 5000
.4000
. 4556
.5000
.5625

54
53

$0.2222
. 1987

54
53

$0. 2500
. 2140

53
44

.2808
.3100

53
44

.2808
.3100

54
50

.2222
.2250

48
50

.2813
.2250

54

. 1050

BLACKSM ITHS’ HELPERS.
North Atlantic.
Buffalo, N. Y ........................
New Haven, railroad shops..
New York, N. Y.:
Inside men......................
Outside men...................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops---Locomotive works.........
South Atlantic.
Jacksonville, Fla.: Railroad shops----North Central.

Chicago, 111.:
Manufacturing shops....................
Outside men..................................
Railroad shops..............................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Manufacturing shops....................
Railroad shops, road B .................
Railroad shops, road D ................
Railroad shops, road C .................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Manufacturing shops....................
Railroad shops..............................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Railroad shops, road B .................
Railroad shops, road A ................ .
Railroad shops, road D ................ .
Railroad shops, road D terminal..
Railroad shops, road C .................
Railroad shops, road E ..................
Railroad shops, road F ..................
Railroad shops, road II.................
Railroad shops, road G.................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Hammermen’s helpers...................
Regular scale..................................
Minneapolis, Minn.: Railroad shops...
1 54 hours, September to April.
2 48 hours, September to April.
3 54 hours, October to April.
4 $0.2200. October to April.
* $0.2300, October to April.




i 49
1 44
- 49

.3000
.5625
.2600

1 49
244
i 49

.3000
.5625
.2700

60
54
60
54

.1850
.1900
.1900
.1600

60
54
60
54

. 1850
.2000
.2000
. 1600

54
54

. 1800
.1950

54
54

.1800
.2050

54
54
54
60
54
54
54
54
54

.2000
.1900
.2500
.2350
.1900
.2300
.2500
.2300
.2000

54
54
54
60
54
54
54
54
54

.2000
.1900
.2600
.2350
.1900
.2450
. 2600
.2300
.2100

150
50
50

4.2244
«. 2142
8 2244
.

3 50
3 50
7 50

6.2346
«. 2244
s. 2346

6$0.2100, October to April.
7 53 hours, October to April; paid for 54 hours.
8 $0.2242, October to April.
» $0.2343, October to April.

110

B U L L E T IN

OF T H E

BUREAU

OF L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S .

T a b l e I I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
METAL TRADES— Continued.
B L A C K SM IT H S’ H ELPER S— Concluded.

May 15, 1912.
City.

Rate of
i of
per wages per
hour.

North Central—Concluded.
Omaha, Nebr.:
Manufacturing shops...........................................
Railroad shops................................... .................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Manufacturing shops...........................................
Railroad shops................................................... .
St. Paul, Minn.:
Railroad shops, road A ...................................... .
Railroad shops, road B ...................................... .
Railroad shops, road C........................................
South Central.
New Orleans, La.:
Manufacturing shops.......................................... .
Railroad shops, road A ...................................... .
Railroad shops, road B ...................................... .
Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Manufacturing shops.......................................... .
Railroad shops, road B ........................................
Railroad shops, road A ........................................
Portland, Oreg.: Manufacturing and jobbing shops.
Salt Lake City, Utah: Manufacturing shops.......... .
San Francisco, Cal.:
Manufacturing shops..........................................
Railroad shops....................................................
Ship and machine work.....................................

May 15,1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

54
51

$0. 2250
.2250

54
54

$0.2250
. 2250

54
54

.2300
.2400

54
54

.2300
.2550

50
50
50

.2550
.2448
.2397

50
50
50

.2550
.2448
.2397

54
54
54

.2500
.2200
.2000

54
54
54

.2500
.2200
.2000

54
54
48
54
48

.2500
.2800
.2900
.2778
.3100

54
54
48
54
48

.2500
.2800
.2900
.2778
.3100

48
54
48

.3750
. 3056 !
.3750 i

48
54
48

.3750
.8056
.3750

BOILER MAKERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Manufacturing shops.....................................
Outside men..................................................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Inside men......................................................
Outside men..................................................
Railroad shops...............................................
New Haven. Conn.: Railroad shops...................
New York, N. Y .:
Inside men.....................................................
Outside men, standpipes, water towers, etc.
Outside men..................................................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Inside men.....................................................
Outside men..................................................
Railroad shops...............................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Inside men.....................................................
Outside men..................................................
Railroad shops...............................................
South Atlantic.
Atlanta. Ga.:
Manufacturing shops.....................................
Locomotive works.........................................
Equipment Co...............................................
Railroad shops, road C ..................................
Railroad shops, road A .................................
Railroad shops, road B .................................
Baltimore. Md.:
Shopmen.......................................................
Outside men..................................................
Charleston, S. C.:
Manufacturing shops.....................................
Railroad shops..............................................




54
48

$0.3056
.5313

54
48

$0.3056
.5313

54
54
54
53

.3600
.4167
.3500
.2904

54
54
54
53

.3600
.4167
.3500
.2904

54
44
44

.4167
.6250
.5313

54
44
44

.4167
.6250
.5313

54
44
60

.3333
.5000
.3000

49
44
60

.3333
.5000
.3333

54
48
60

.4000
.5000
.3250

54
48
60

.4000
.5000
.3600

54
54
54
54
54
54

.3900
.3900
.3500
.3900
.3950
.3900

54
54
54
54
54
54

.3900
.4000
.3500
.3900
.4100
.4100

54
48

.3056
.5000

54
48

.3056
.5000

54
54

.3611
.3900

54
54

.3611
.4100

U NIO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1913.

Ill

T a b l e I I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
METAL TRADES— Continued.
BOILER M AK ERS—Continued.

May 15,1912.
City.

South Atlantic—Concluded.
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Manufacturing shops___
Railroad shops...............
Richmond, Va.:
Railroad shops, road A..
Railroad shops, road C ..
Railroad shops, road B..
North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Outside men..................................
Manufacturing shops....................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Outside men..................................
Manufacturing shops....................
Raiiroad shops, road C .................
Railroad shops, road B .................
Railroad shops, road D .................
Railroad shops, road F .................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Outside men..................................
Manufacturing shops....................
Railroad shops, road A .................
Railroad shops, road B .................
Detroit, Mich.:
Outside men...................................
Manufacturing shops.................... .
Railroad shops.............................. .
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Outside m en...................................
Manufacturing shops.................... .
Railroad shops, road C ..................
Railroad shops, road B ..................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Outside men...................................
Manufacturing shops.................... .
Railroad shops.............................. .
Milwaukee, Wis.: Railroad shops.......
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Railroad shops, road A ..................
Railroad shops, road B ..................
Railroad shops, road C ..................
Omaha, Nebr.:
Railroad shops................................
Railroad shops, road A ..................
Railroad shops, road B ..................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Outside men...................................
Manufacturing shops......................
Railroad shops................................
St. Paul, Minn.: Railroad shops..........
South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.:
Manufacturing shops................................
Blast furnace work...................................
Railroad shops, road E ............................
Railroad shops, road D ............................
Railroad shops, road B ............................
Railroad shops, road C .............................
Railroad shops, road A ............................
Little Rock, Ark.:
Manufacturing shops................................
Railroad shops..........................................
Railroad shops, roundhouse, daywork...
Railroad shops, roundhouse, nightwork.
i 54 hours, October to April.
* $0.4000, October to April.
3 $0.4150, October to April.
4 53 hours, October to April; paid for 54 hours.




Hours of
labor per
week.

May 15,1913.

Rate of
Hours of | Rate of
wages per labor per | wages per
hour.
week. I hour.

54
54

$0.3650
.4250

54
54

$0.4000
.4350

54
54
54

.3926
.3850
.3900

54
54
54

.4126
.4050
.4100

44
149J.

.6250
.4000

44
149

.6250
.4000

48
5:
4
54
54
60
60

.4500
.4000
.4000
.3550
.3450
.3200

48
54
54
54
60
60

.4500
.4000
.4000
.3550
.3450
.3200

48
54
54
54

.5000
.3333
.3500
.3250

48
54
54
54

.5000
.3500
.3550
.3250

48
60
60

.5000
.3400
.3400

55

.6000
.4000
.3400

48
50
54
54

.4000
.3200
.3500
.3650

48
50
54
54

.5000
.3500
.3500
.3650

54
54
54
i 50

.4500
.3800
.4000
2.4080

54
54
54
i 50

.5625
.3800
.4200
8.4233

« 50
* 50
i 50

6 .4233
7 .4437
8.3570

^50
4 50
4 50

«.4386
7 .4394
«.3570

54
54
54

.4000
.3900
.4000

54
54
54

.4000
4100
4150

44
54
54
50

.5625
.4000
.4000
.4437

44
54
54
50

.4000
.4100
.4437

60
60
54
54
54
60
60

.3750
.3750
.4000
.4000
.4000
.4000
.3750

60
60
54
54
54
60
60

.4000
.3750
.4100
.4350
.4000
.4000
.3900

60
54
60
58

.4100
.4100
.4100
. 4666

60
53
53
57

.4100
.4321
.4321
.4321

5 $0.4228,
6 $0.4381,
7 $0.4432,
8 $0.3566,

October to
October to
October to
October to

*

April.
April.
April.
April.

112

T a b le

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
BOILER M AKERS— Concluded.

May 15,1912.
City.

Hours of
labor per
week.

South Central—Concluded.
Louisville, Ky.:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops, road A .....................................................
Railroad shops, roundhouse, road C ................................
Railroad shops, terminal..............................
Railroad shops, road D .....................................................
Memphis, Tenn.:
Manufacturing shops and railroad shops, road A ............
Railroad shops, road B .....................................................
Railroad shops, road C ......................................................
New Orleans, La.:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops, road C ......................................................
Railroad shops, roads A and B ........................................
Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops, road B .....................................................
Railroad shops, road A ......................................................
Los Angeles, Cal.: Manufacturing shops.................. ............
Portland, Oreg.:
Manufacturing shops......................... ...............................
Outside men......................................................................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
San Francisco, Cal.:
Manufacturing and jobbing shops..................................
Tank work in iron buildings............................................
Shin fitters..................
.
. . .
Seattle, Wash.:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Outside men...................................
...........................
Railroad shops, other than road A ...................................
Railroad shops, road A .....................................................
BOILER MA
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Manufacturing and railroad shops.
Outside men...................................
New Haven, Conn.: Railroad shops...
New York, N. Y .:
Inside men......................................
Outside men...................................
Philadelphia, Pa.: Outside men..........
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Inside men......................................
Outside men...................................
South Atlantic.
Baltimore, Md.:
Manufacturing shops......................
Outside men...................................
Charleston, S. C.: Railroad shops........
Richmond, Va.:
Railroad shops, roads A and C___
Railroad shops, road B ..................




May 15,1913.

Hours of
Rate of
wages per labor per
week.
hour.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

54
54
60
54
54

$0.3200
.3500
.3750
.3550
.3300

54
54
60
54
54

$0.3200
.4100
.3750
.3800
.3300

54
54
54

.4100
.3900
.4000

54
54
54

.4100
.4100
.4250

54
54
54

.3889
.4200
.3900

54
54
54

.3889
.4200
. 3900

54
54
48
54

.4100
.4100
.4100
.3500

54
54
48
54

.4100
.4100
.4100
,3500

54
48

. 4444
.5000

54
48

.4444
.5000

54
48

.4300
.4300

54
48

. 4300
. 4300

48
48
48

.5000
.6250
.5000

48
48
48

.5000
.6250
.5000

48
48
54
54

.5000
.5625
. 4550
.3422

*.8
?
48
54
54

.5000
.5625
. 4550
.3422

54
48
53

$0.2222
.2500
.2140

54
48
53

$0.2222
.2500
.2292

54
44
44

.2889
. 4375
.3750

54
44
44

.2889
.4375
.3750

54
48

.2500
.4000

54
48

. 2500
.4000

54
48

.2222
.3750

54
48
54

.2222
.3750
.2300

54
54

.1950
.2050

54
54

.2150
.2250

IRS’ HELPERS.

U NIO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1913.

113

T a b l e I I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
METAL TRADES —Continued.
BOILER M AK ER S’ H ELPERS— Concluded.

May 15, 1912.
City.

May 15,1913.

Hours of
Rate of
Hours of
labor per wages per labor per
hour.
week.
week.

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Outside men.......................................
Manufacturing shops........................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Outside men.......................................
Manufacturing shops.........................
Railroad shops, road C ......................
Railroad shops, road D .....................
Railroad shops, road F ......................
Railroad shops, road B ......................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Outside men.......................................
Manufacturing shops.........................
Indianapolis, Ind.: Railroad shops........
Kansas City, Mo.:
Outside men.......................................
Manufacturing shops.........................
Railroad shops...................................
Milwaukee, Wis.: Railroad shops...........
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Railroad shops, road A .......................
Railroad shops, road B .......................
Omaha, Nebr.: Railroad shops............... .
St. Louis, Mo.:
Outside men........................................
Manufacturing shops......................... .
Railroad shops................................... .
St. Paul, Minn.: Railroad shops, road C..

44

$0.5000
.3250

48
54
54
60
60
54

.3250
.2500

Rate of
wages per
hour.

44
149J

$0.5000
. 3250

48
54
54
60
60
54

.3250
.2500
.2200
.2000
.2000
.1900

.2000

48
54
54

.4000
.2000
.2000

150

.2700
.1600
.2300
2 .2244

54
54
54
i 50

.3100
.2200
.2500
3.2346

54

.2400

4 50
4 50
54

* . 2295
6 .2374
.2400

44
54
54
50

.4000
.2400
.2700
.2346

44
54
54
50

.4000
.2400
.2700
.2346

2150

53

.2389

54
54
54
54

.1950
.1950
.1950

54
54
54
54

.2150
.2150
.2150
.1950

54
54

.2500
.1950

54
54

.2500
.1950

54
48
54

.2800
.2800
.2500

54
48
54

.2800
.2800
.2500

54

.2778
.3125

54
48

.2778
.3750

54
48
48

.2000

54
48
48

.2000
.2900
. 3125

48
48

.3125
.4375

48
54
54
54
54
54

.2200

.2000
.2000

.1900
.4000
.2000

South Central.
Little Rock, Ark.: Railroad shops...................................
Louisville, Ky.:
Manufacturing shops..................................................
Railroad shops, road A ...............................................
Railroad shops, terminal............................................
Railroad shops, road D ...............................................
New Orleans, La.:
Railroad shops, road C ...............................................
Railroad shops, roads A and B ..................................
Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Railroad shops, road B ..............................................
Railroad shops, road A ...............................................
Los Angeles, Cal.: Manufacturing shops.........................
Portland, Oreg.:
^
Manufacturing shops........................... .“t f : ................
Outside men................................................................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Manufacturing shops..................................................
Railroad shops............................................................
San Francisco, Cal.: Manufacturing and jobbing shops.
Seattle, Wash.:
Manufacturing shops..................................................
Outside men................................................................
1 54 hours, October to April.
2$0.2200, October to April.
3$0.2300, October to April.

33136°— Bull. 143—14------ 8




.2000

.2900
.3125

4 53 hours, October to April; paid for 54 hours.
» October to April, $0.2292.
6 October to April, $0.2394.

114

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e I I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
METAL TRADES— Continued.
CORE MAKERS.
May 15,1912.
City.

May 15,1913.

Rate of
Rate of
Hours of
Hours of
labor per wages per labor per wages per
hour.
week.
hour.
week.

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.............................................................................
Buffalo, N. Y ............................................................................
Fall River, Mass.......................................................................
Manchester, N. H .....................................................................
Newark, N. J ............................................................................
New York, N. Y .......................................................................
Philadelphia, Pa.......................................................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.......................................................................... :
Providence, R. I ......................................................................
Scranton, Pa.:
Machinery..........................................................................
Hot water and steam heating...........................................

54
60
60
54
54
54
54
54
54

$0.3333
.2750
. 2750
.3333
.3611
.3889
.3444
.4167
.3056

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

$0.3889
.3333
. 3333
.3333
.3889
.3889
. 3444
.4441
.3056

60
60

.2500
.3000

60
54

.2500
.3333

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...............................................................................
Baltimore, Md..........................................................................
Richmond, V a..........................................................................

60
54
54

.3000
.3333
.3378

60
54
54

.3000
.3333
.3611

North Central.
Chicago, 111................................................................................
Cincinnati, Ohio.......................................................................
Cleveland, O h io .......................................................................
Detroit, Mich............................................................................
Indianapolis, Ind.....................................................................
Kansas City, Mo.......................................................................
Milwaukee, Wis........................................................................
Minneapolis, Minn...................................................................
Omaha, Nebr............................................................................
St. Louis, Mo............................................................................
St. Paul, Minn..........................................................................

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

.3889
.3611
.3611
.3611
.3222
.3611
.3167
.3222
.3611
.3722
.3222

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

.4444
.3611
.3889
.3889
.3222
.4000
.3167
.3222
.3611
.3889
.3611

South Central.
Birmingham, A la.....................................................................
Balias, Tex............................................................................... i
Little Rock, Ark........................................................................
New Orleans, La.......................................................................

60
54
54
54

.3000
.3611
.3500
.3611

54
54
54
54

.3611
.3611
.3500
.3611

Western.
Denver, Colo.............................................................................
Los Angeles, Cal.......................................................................
Portland, Oreg..........................................................................
Salt Lake City, Utah................................................................
San Francisco, Cal....................................................................
Seattle, Wash............................................................................

54
54
54
54
48
54

.4167
.3750
.4167
.3889
.5000
.4444

54
54
54
54
48
54

.4167
.3750
.4167
.3889
.5000
. 4444

54
54
54
54
54

$0.2037
.2500
.3611
.2222
.2200

54
54
54
54
54

$0.2407
.2778
.3889
.2222
.2200

48

.3750

48

.3750

FOUNDRY LABORERS.
North A tlantic.
1
Boston, Mass.:
Foundry laborers...............................................................
Casting chippers................................................................
Melters................................................................................ !
New York, N. Y .......................................................................'
New York, N. Y., Manhattan.................................................
i
Western.
San Francisco, Cal....................................................................




U NIO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1913.

115

T a b l e I I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
METAL TRADES— Continued.
MACHINISTS.
May 15,1912.
City.

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
All-round men, shops A .......... .......................
All-round men, shops B ..................................
All-round men, shops C .......... .......................
Toolmakers, shops B .......................................
Toolmakers, shops A .......................................
Specialists, shops B ........................................
Specialists, shops A ........................................
Railroad shops.................................................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
All-round men.................................................
Tool and die makers.......................................
Outside men....................................................
Newark, N. J.:
All-round m en.................................................
Die makers......................................................
Outside men....................................................
New Haven, Conn.:
All-round men—
Large shops...............................................
Small shops...............................................
Tool and die makers....................................... .
Railroad shops.................................................
New York, N. Y .:
All-round men.................................................
All-round men..................................................
All-round men..................................................
Repair shops and printing-press work.......... .
Automobile repair shops................................ .
Printing-press factories................................... .
Pressrooms........................................................
Outside men.................................................... .
Philadelphia, Pa.:
All-round men..................................................
Die makers........................................................
Pressrooms........................................................
Railroad shops..................................................
Outside men................................................... .
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
All-round men................................................. .
Breweries............ .............................................
Railroad s h o p s ................................................
Providence, R. I.:
All-round and railroad men.............................
Tool and die makers.........................................
Specialists..........................................................
Breweries............................... .........................
Scranton, Pa.: All-round men and railroad shop.
South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Manufacturing shops.......................................
Railroad shops, road E ...................................
Railroad shops, road F .....................................
Railroad shops, road A ................................... .
Railroad shops, road B.....................................
Baltimore, Md.:
Shopmen...........................................................
Outside men.....................................................
Railroad shops.................................................
Charleston, S. C.: Railroad shops.........................
J&cksonille, Fla.:
Manufacturing shops........................................
Specialists, railroad shops................................
Railroad shops..................................................




Hours of
labor per
week.

50
54
54
54

Rate of
wages per
hour.

$0.4200
.3889
.3889
.4444
' “ '3333‘

May 15,1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

50
54
48
54
50
54
50
54

$0. 4200
.3889
.4375
.4444
.4800
.3333
.3600
.2850

54
54
48

.3333
.3750
.4000

54
54
48

.3750
.4000
.5000

54
54
48

.3611
.4200
.6200

54
54
48

.3611
.4200
.6200

59
54
54
53

.3559
.3333
. 4444
.2904

59
54
54
53

.3559
.3333
.4444
.2904

48
51
52*
44
48
51
48
44

.4063
.3824
.3714
.5313
.4375
.3824
.5625
.6250

48
49|
51
44
48
49*
48
44

.4063
.4000
.3824
.5313
. 4375
.4000
.5625
.6250

54
54
48
55
44

.3333
.3750
.4375
.3500
.5000

54
54
48
55
44

.3333
.3750
.4375
.3500
.5000

54
48
60

.3500
.4000
.2700

54
48
60

.3500
.4200
.2800

55
55
55
48
60

.2750
.3500
.2200

.2200

.4375
.2500

55
55
55
48
60

60
54
54
54
54

.3500
.3800
.4000
.3900
.3900

60
54
54
54
54

.3500
.4000
.4100
.4000
.4100

60
48

.3333
.3750
.2860
.3900

54
48
60
48

.3333
.3750
.2860
.4200

54
54
54

.3650
.3250
.4000

54
54
54

.3650
.3250
.4100

.2750
.3500
.4375
.2500

116

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
M ACH IN ISTS— Continued.

May 15,1912.
City.

Hours of
labor per
week.

South Atlantic—Concluded.
Richmond, Va.:
All-round men.........................
Manufacturing shops...............
Specialists, locomotive works.
Railroad shops, road A ............
Railroad shops, road C............
Railroad shops, road B ............
Tool and die makers................
Washington, D. C ... ....................
North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
All-round men and specialists.................... .
Tool and die makers....................................
Outside men..................................................
Railroad shops and terminals......................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Manufacturing shops, all-round men......... .
Manufacturing shops, tool and die makers..
Manufacturing shops, specialists.................
Breweries.......................................................
Railroad shops, road C .................................
Railroad shops, road A ................................
Railroad shops, road D ............................... .
Railroad shops, road B.................................
Railroad shops, road E.................................
Railroad shops, road F ................................
Cleveland, Ohio:
All-round men............................................. .
Tool and die makers.....................................
Specialists......................................................
Detroit, Mich.:
Manufacturing shops...................................
Die sinkers.....................................................
Tool and die sinkers......................................
Jobbing shops...............................................
Outside men..................................................
Railroad shops, road A................................
Railroad shops, road B .................................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Manufacturing shops.....................................
Outside men..................................................
Railroad shops, road A .................................
Railroad shops, road B .................................
Railroad shops, road C.................................
Kansas City, Mo.:
All-round men, manufacturing shops........
Tool and die makers.....................................
Railroad shops.............................................
Packing houses..............................................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Manufacturing shops...................................
Tool and die makers....................................
Specialists.....................................................
Railroad shops.............................................
Breweries......................................................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Manufacturing shops...................................
Breweries......................................................
Flour mills....................................................
Railroad shops.............................................
Omaha, Nebr.:
Manufacturing and jobbing shops..............
Automobile repair shops.............................
Railroad shops.............................................
Railroad shops, road C................................
Railroad shops, road A ................................
154 hours, October to April.




55
55
54
54
54
55
48

49^
49i
44
494

Rate of
wages per
hour.

SO.3500
.3550
.2500
.3654
.3900
.3900
.4000
. 4063

.3900
.4500
.6688

.3950

May 15, 1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

55
55
55
54
54
54
55

Rate of
wages per

$0.3500
.3550
.2500
.3854
.3900
.4100
.4000
.4063

m
49J
44

.3900
.4500
.6688

.3950

55
55
48
54
54
60
54
54
60

.3000
.3500
.2500
.3750
.3900
. 3656
.3600
.3500
.3350
.3200

55
55
55
48
54
54
60
54
54

.3000
.3500
. 2500
.3750
.3900
.3656
.3600
.3600
.3450
.3200

54
54
54

.3611
.4000
.3056

54
54
54

.3610
.4000
.3056

55
55

.3333
.5000

54
48
60
60

.3333
.6250
.3100
. 3450

55
55
60
54
48
60
54

. 3500
.5000
.4000
. 3500
. 6250
.3100
.3550

50
44
54
54
54

.3500
.5000
.3333
.3500
.3500

50
44
54
54
54

.4000
.5000
.3450
.3600
.3600

54
54
54
54

.3700
.4000
.4000
.3500

54
54
54
54

.3700
.4250
.4000
.3500

55
55
55
1 50
44

.3300
.4000
.2750
2. 4029
.4250

55
55
55
J50
44

.3300
.4000
.2750
!. 4182
.4500

59
54
55
53

.3350
.4500
.3500
.4279

59
54
55
53

. 3350
.4850
.3500
.4279

54
54
54
54
54

2 50.3950, October to April.

54
.4000
54
.4444
54
.4000
54
.4000
54
. 3G
00
3$0.4100, October to April.

.4000
.4444
. 4000
. 4150
. 4100

UNIO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1913.

117

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.

T a b l e I I . — U NIO N

METAL TB.ADES —Continued.
M ACH INISTS—Concludes.

May 15, 1912.
City.

Hours of
labor per
week.




SO.3300
.4000
.6250
.5000
.3900
.2500
.3333

54
54
44
48
54
54
48

$0.3300
.4200
.6250
.5250
.4150
.2750
.5000

.3350
.4200
.4200

59
54
48

.3350
.4200
.4500

60
54
54
60
54

.3250
.4000
.3900
.3700
.4000

60
54
54
60
54

.3500
.4100
.3900
. 3750
.4000

54
54
60
58

.4100
.4100
.4100
.4666

54
53
53
57

.4250
.4321
.4321
.4321

54
48
54
54

. 3333
.4000
.3250
.3250

54
48
54
54

.3333
.4000
. 3900
.3800

54
54

.4000
.4100

54
54

.4000
.4250

54
54
54
54
54

.3889
.4444
.4200
.4000
.3900

54
54
54
54
54

.3889
.4444
.4200
.4000
. 3900

54
48
54
54

.4000
.4100
.4000
.4000

54
48
54
54

.4000
.4100
.4000
.4100

54
54
48
54
48
48
48

.4500
.4000
.5500
.4300
.5000
.5000
.4500

54
54
48
54
48
48
48

.4000
.3750
.5625
.4000
.5000
.5000
.4500

48
54
48
48

.4400
.4444
.4300
.2600

48
54
48
48

.4400
.4444
.4300
.2600

48
48

.4375
.3750

48
48

.4375
.3750

48
48
54
!

Hours of
labor per
week.

59
54
48

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Railroad shops, road B ......................................................
Railroad shops, road A ......................................................
Dallas, T ex...............................................................................
Little Rock, Ark.:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Engine and roundhouse, daywork...................................
Engine and roundhouse, nightwork................................
Louisville, Ky.:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Outside men...
..............
...........................
Railroad shops, terminal...................................................
Railroad shops, road F ......................................................
Memphis, Tenn.:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
New Orleans, La.:
Manufacturing shops
........................................
Outside men......................................................................
Railroad shops, road C ......................................................
Railroad shops, road A ......................................................
Railroad shops, road B ......................................................

Rate of
wages per
hour.

54
54
44
48
54
54
54

North Central—Concluded.
St. Louis, Mo.:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Tool and die makers..........................................................
Outside men....................
.
.............................
Breweries............................................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Specialists, manufacturing shops.....................................
Printing machinery repair shops, , .
........ „...........
St. Paul, Minn.:
Manufacturing shops.. .... .....................,»
............
"Railroad shops..... ................... . ...
.
, . .
Breweries............................................................................

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops, road A ......................................................
Railroad shops, road C......................................................
Railroad shops, road B ......................................................
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Manufacturing shops........................................................
Manufacturing and automobile repair shops...................
Breweries..
................................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Manufacturing and repair shops......................................
N ewspaper offices..............................................................
Portland, Oreg.: Manufacturing shops..................................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Manufacturing or railroad shops, outside repair work.. .
Smelter furnaces................................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Specialists..........................................................................
San Francisco, Cal.:
Tool and die makers and all-round m en.........................
Specialists...........................................................................
Seattle, Wash.: _
Manufacturing shops.
...............................................
Breweries...........................................................................
Railroad shops.
.................................................

May 15, 1913.

.4500
. 6000
.4400

48
48
54

.4500
.6000
.4400

Rate of
wages per
hour.

118
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
MOLDERS, IRON.
May 15,1912.
City.

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.............................................................................
Buffalo, N. Y ............................................................................
Fall River, Mass.: Bench and floor........................................
Manchester, N. H .....................................................................
Newark, N. J.:
Bench.................................................................................
Floor...................................................................................
New York, N. Y ......................................................................
Philadelphia, Pa......................................................................
Pittsburgh, Pa..........................................................................
Providence, R. I ......................................................................
Scranton, Pa.:
Machinery..........................................................................
Hot-water and steam heating...........................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...............................................................................
Baltimore, Md..........................................................................
Richmond, Va.:
Locomotive works.............................................................
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Plow works........................................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Washington, D. C.....................................................................
North Central.
Chicago, 111................................................................................
Cnicinnati, Ohio.......................................................................
Cleveland, Ohio........................................................................
Detroit, Mich.: Bench and flo o r ............................................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Bench.................................................................................
Floor...................................................................................
Machine..............................................................................
Kansas City, Mo.......................................................................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Bench.................................................................................
Floor and machine............................................................ !
Minneapolis, Minn...................................................................
Omaha, Nebr............................................................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Bench.................................................................................
Floor...................................................................................
St. Paul, Minn.: Bench, floor, and machine..........................
South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.....................................................................
Dallas, T ex...............................................................................
Little Rock, Ark......................................................................
Memphis, Tenn.: Molders and core makers...........................
New Orleans, La......................................................................

May 15,1913.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

54
60
60
54

$0.3611
.3000
.2750
.3611

54
54
54
54

$0.3889
.3611
.3333
.3611

54
54
54
54
54
54

.3611
.3889
.3889
.3611
. 4167
.3056

54
54
54
54
54
54

.3889
.3889
.3889
.3611
.4444
.3056

60
54
60

.2500
.3611
.2750

60
54
60

.2500
.3611
.2750

60
54

.3500
.3611

60
54

.3500
.3611

50
54
54
54
48

.3722
.3333
.4167
.4278
.3438

50
54
54
54
48

.3722
.3333
.4167
.4500
.3438

54
54
54
54

.3889
.3611
.3611
.3611

54
54
54
54

. 14-11
’.3611
.3889
.3889

54
54
54
54

.3556
.3611
.3111
.3611

54
54
54
54

.3556
.3611
.3111
.4000

54
54
54
54

.3500
.3611
.3667
.3667

54
54
54
54

.3500
. 3611
.3667
.3667

54
54
54

.3722
.3722
.3500

54
54
54

.3889
.3889
.3889

60
54
54
54
54

.3000
.3611
.3889
.3889
.3611

54
54
54
54
54

.3611
.3611
.3889
.4167
.3611

54
54
54
54
48
54

.4444
.3750
. 4167 '
.4167
.5000
. 4444

54
54
54
54
48
54

.4444
.3750
.4167
.4167
.5000
.4444

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Western.
Denver, Colo.: Bench, floor, and machine.............................
Los Angeles, Cal.......................................................................
Portland, Oreg.: Bench, floor, and machine.........................
Salt Lake City, Utah...............................................................
San Francisco, Cal.: Bench, floor, and machine...................
Seattle, Wash............................................................................




U NIO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1913.
T

able

119

I I . — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
METAL TRAD ES— Continued.
PA TT E R N MAKERS, WOOD.
5,
May :L 1912.
City.

Hours of
Rate of
Hours of
labor per j wages per labor per
week. j hour.
week.

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass...........................................................................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Jobbing shops....................................................................
Manufacturing shops....................................................... .
Newark, N. J.:
Manufacturing shops....................................................... .
Jobbing shops................................................................. .
New Haven, Conn.:
Manufacturing and railroad shops...................................
Large manufacturing shops..............................................
New York, N. Y .:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Manufacturing shops........................................................
Jobbing shops....................................................................
Architectural work............................................................
Plaster............................................................................... .
Metal..................................................................................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Jobbing shops....................................................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Jobbing shops....................................................................
Providence, R. I ......................................................................
South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga............................................................................. .
Baltimore, M d..........................................................................
North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Jobbing shops....................................................................
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Jobbing shops....................................................................
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Jobbing shops....................................................................
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Detroit, Mich.:
Jobbing and manufacturing shops...................................
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Jobbing shops....................................................................
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Jobbing shops....................................................................
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Jobbing shops....................................................................
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Jobbing shops....................................................................
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Jobbing shops....................................................................
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................
Steel mills............................... ...........................................
St. Paul, Minn.:
Jobbing shops....................................................................
Manufacturing shops.........................................................
Railroad shops...................................................................




May 15, 1913.
Rate of
wages per
hour.

54

$0.4000

54

*0.4500

54
55

.4750
.4000

54
55

.4750
.4000

49*
44

.4444
.5313

49*
44

.4444
.5313

53
59

. 3515
.3508

53
59

.3770
.3763

53
53
44
50
50
44

.4530
.4530
.5313
.5000
.4860
.5000

53
50
44
48
48
44

.4530
.5000
.5313
.5325
.5100
.5000

50
50

.3750
.4000

50
50

.3750
.4200

54
54
55

.4200
. 4500
.4000

54
54
55

.4500
.5000
.4000

54
50

.3750
.3889

54
50

.3750
.3889

44
54

.5625
.4750

44
54

.6000
.5000

50
55

.4200
.3500

50
55

.4200
.3500

49*
54

.4400
.4250

49*
54

.4700
.4250

55
(5
0

.4250
.4200

55
60

.4500
.4500

50
54
55

.5000
.4250
.3350

44
50
50

.5000
.4250
.3450

491
54“

.4250
.4000

49*
54

.4250
.4000

49*
55

.4500
.3750

49i
55"

.5000
.3750

54
55
50

.4200
.4000
.4080

54
55
50

.4400
.4250
.4080

54
50
54
50

.5500
.4800
.3600
.4800

44
50
54
50

.6000
.4800
.3900
.5300

54
55
J 50

.4200
.4000
.4080

54
55
i 50

.4400
.4250
.4182

154 hours, September to April.

120
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.

I I .—

METAL TRADES—Concluded.
PATTERN MAKERS, WOOD—Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
City.

Hours of - R ate of
labor per | wages per
week. I hour.

May 15, 1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.
Louisville, Ky
Memphis, Tenn...
New Orleans, L a ..

54
54

$0.3500

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Manufacturing shops............................................
Railroad shops.....................................................
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Jobbing shops.......................................................
Manufacturing shops and artificial stone molds.
Portland, Oreg.:
Jobbing shops.......................................................
Manufacturing shops............................................
San Francisco, Cal......................................................
Seattle, Wash.:
Jobbing shops.......................................................
Manufacturing shops............................................

.4500
.3611

54
54

$0.4167
.3000
.4500
. 3611

54
54

.4500
.3900

54
54

.4500
.3900

48
48

.5300
.5000

54
54
48

.5000
.4167
. 6250

52*
54

48
54

.5625
.4500

48
54

.5300
.5000
. 5143
. 4444
. 6250

MILLWORK.
CARPENTERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.............................................................................
Buffalo, N. Y ............................................................................
Newark, N. J ............................................................................
New York, N .Y .:
Manhattan, benchmen......................................................
Manhattan and Bronx, millmen......................................
Brooklyn, Bronx, Queens, and Richmond, benchmen..
Brooklyn, Queens, and Richmond, millmen..................
Philadelphia, Pa......................................................................
Pittsburgh, Pa..........................................................................

44
48
44
50
50
54

.5000
. 3542
.4725
.3100
.5000
.3889

44
48
44
50
50
54

. 5000
. 3542
.4725
.3100
. 5000
.3889

South Atlantic.
Baltimore, M d..........................................................................
Jacksonville, Fla......................................................................
Washington, D. C....................................................................

54
54
48

.3056
.3333
.4375

54
54
48

.3056
.3333
.4375

49*
54
49*
50
54
54
54
54
54
54
44
54

.3900
.3500
.4444
.3000
.3250
.3500
.4000
.3250
.3333
.3000
.3600
.3000

49*
54
49*
50
54
54
54
54
54
54
44
54

.4000
. 3600
. 4444
.3000
.3500
.3500
.4000
.3300
.3333
.3000
.3600
.3000

49*
49*
54

.5000
.3750
.3056

49*
49*
54

. 5000
. 3750
. 3056

48
49*
44

$0.4300
.3000
.3500

48
49*
44

SO.4500
. 3000

. 3500

North Central.
Chicago, 111.: Cabinetmakers..................................................
Chicago, 111................................................................................
Cincinnati, Ohio: Cigar-box makers.......................................
Cincinnati, Ohio.......................................................................
Cleveland, Ohio........................................................................
Indianapolis, Ind.....................................................................
Kansas City, Mo.: Cabinetmakers..........................................
Milwaukee, W is........................................................................
Minneapolis, Minn...................................................................
Omaha, Nebr.: Cabinetmakers...............................................
St. Louis, Mo.: Cabinetmakers...............................................
St. Paul, Minn..........................................................................
South Central.
Memphis, Tenn.: Stair work...................................................
Memphis, Tenn.: Bench work................................................
New Orleans, La.......................................................................




U NION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1913.
T able

121

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
MILLW ORK—Concluded.
C AR PEN T ER S— Concluded.

15, 1912.
City.

Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

May 15, 1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Western.
Los Angeles, Cal.: All classifications.......................................
Portland, Oreg.:
Sticker men, layers out, benchmen, shaper hands, band
sawyers, sash layer-out men, and general machine
men..................................................................................
Bench hands, stock cutters on cabinetwork, drum
sanders, and wood turners .......................................
Planer men, sash sticker men, stock cutters for sash
doors, smoothers on veneered hardwood doors............
Putting up sash and doors.................................................
Trim sawyers, smoothers on stock for sash and doors,
mortise men, tenon men, and elbow sanders..............
Salt Lake City, Utah...............................................................
San Francisco, Cal.:
Sticker men and shapers...................................................
Sash and door layers-out...................................................
Band sawyers, smoothers and molders on veneers and
hardwood sash and doors, cabinetmakers, turners,
rip sawyers for stickers, stock cutters for cabinetwork
and trim, and trim sawyers...........................................
Planer men, roller sanders, sash stickers, and stock cut­
ters on sash and doors....................................................
Putters up on sash and doors, assistant rip sawyers,
smoothers and molders on stock for sash "and
doors................................................................................
Elbow sanders, mortisers, and tenoners..........................
Seattle, Wash..........................................................................

48

$0.4375

48

$0.4375

54

. 4500

54

.4000

54
54

.3500
. 3250

49*

.4500

54
49*

.3000
.4500

48
48

.6250
. 5938

48
48

.6250
.5938

48

.5625

48

.5625

48

.5000

48

.5000

48
48
48

.4375
.4063
.4375

48
48
48

.4375
.4063
.4375

$0.3333
.3600

54
50

$0.3333
.3600

PAIN T ER S: Hardwood finishers.

North Atlantic.
Buffalo, N. Y .: Inside men................
Philadelphia, Pa.: Inside men...........

54
50

North Central.
Chicago, 111...........................................
Cincinnati, Ohio..................................
Cincinnati, Ohio: Stainers..................
Kansas City, Mo..................................
Milwaukee, Wis...................................
St. Louis, Mo.......................................

54
50
50
54
49*
44

.3100
.2500
.2100
.3500
. 3500
.4000

54
50
50
54
49*
44

.3100
.2500
.2100
. 3500
.3750
.4000

Western.
Denver, Colo........................................
Portland, Oreg.....................................

54
54

.3333
.3750

54
54

.3333
.3750




122
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PRINTING TRADES: Book and Job.
BOOKBINDERS.
May 15, 1912.
City.

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Cutters—
Leather, cloth, sample, and sheet stock..
Label........................................................
Duplex................................................... .
Finishers—
Extra printed work..................................
Blank work...............................................
Forwarders—
Stock blank..............................................
Job blank................................................. .
Printed w ork..........................................
Rulers—
First-class, union A ..................................
Second-class, union A ..............................
Union B ....................................................
Buffalo, N. Y.:
Cutters..............................................................
Finishers..........................................................
Forwarders—
General, grade A ..................................... .
General, grade B ..................................... .
Folding-machine operators.............................
Rulers..............................................................
Newark, N. J.:
Cutters—
Sheet straighteners...................................
Duplex......................................................
Finishers and first-class forwarders...............
Forwarders, second-class................................
Rulers, first-class.............................................
Rulers and second-class finishers...................
New York, N. Y.:
Cutters—
1 knife machine....................................... .
3 knife machine........................................
Finishers—
Blank work, first-class............................ .
Blank work, second-class.........................
Forwarders—
Blank work, first-class..............................
Blank work, second-class........................
Printed.....................................................
Rulers—
First-class................................................ .
Second-class..............................................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Cutters, machine, union A ........................... .
Cutters stock, union A .................................. .
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Cutters—
Book and sheet, union A .........................
Stock, union B .........................................
Cutters’ assistants, union B ...........................
Finishers—
Extra, union B .........................................
Job, union A .............................................
Sheep and plain, union B ........................
Full bound, union A ................................
Half bound, union A ...............................
Finishers’ assistants, union B ........................
Forwarders—
Extra job, union B ..................................
Plain sheep and half bound, union B _
_
Job, full bound, union A .........................
Full and half bound, stock, union A ......
Cloth, union B ........................................ .
Half bound, union A .............................. .
Rulers, union C ............................................. .




May 15, 1913.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

48
48
48

$0.3750
.4167
.4375

48
48
48

$0.3750
.4167
.4375

48
48

.5000
.4167

48
48

.5000
.4167

48
48
48

.3750
.4167
.4375

48
48
48

.3750
.4167
.4375

48
48
48

.3750
.3125
.4583

48
48
48

.3750
.3125
.4583

48
48

.3333
.3958

48
48

.3542
.4167

48
48 i
48
48

.3958
.3333
.3750
.3750

48
48
48
48

.3958
.3542
.3750
.3958

48
48
48
48
48
48

.3750
.4167
.4375
.3750
.4375
.3750

48
48
48
48
48
48

.4167
.4583
.4792
.4167
.4792
.4167

48
48

.4167
.4792

48
48

.4167
.4792

48
48

.4792
.3750

48
48

.5000
.4375

48
48
48

.4375
.3750
.3958

48
48
48

.5000
.4375
.4167

48
48

.5000
.4375

48
48

.5000
.4375

48
48

.3750
.3542

48
48

.3750
.3542

j
i
1

48
48

.3333
.2604

48
48
48

.3542
.3125
.2604

!

48
48
48
48
48
48

.4583
.4375
.3958
. 3958
.3750
.3542

48
48
48
48
48
48

.4583
.4375
.3958
.3958
.3750
.3750

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.4375
.3958
.3958
.3542
.3542
.3333
.3542

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.4375
.3958
.3958
.3542
.3750
.3333
.3542

I
1
!

Rate of
wages per
hour.

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1913. 1 2 3
T able

I I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PRINTING TRADES: Book and Job-Continued.
BOO KBINDERS—Continued.
May 15, 1912.
City.

Hours of
labor per
week,.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

48
48

$0.4375
.3750

48
48

$0.4375
.3958

48
48
48

North Altantic—Concluded.
Scranton, Pa.:
Cutters—
Book.............................................................................
Paper............................................................................
Forwarders—
Blank work..................................................................
Printed w ork ..............................................................
Rulers.................................................................................
South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...............................................................................
Baltimore, Md.:
Forwarders, general work.................................................
Forwarders, finishers, and rulers printed and blank
w ork...............................................................................
Richmond, Va.:
Cutters................................................................................
Finishers, forwarders, and rulers.....................................
Washington, D. C....................................................................

May 15, 1913.

.3750
.4167
.3750

48
48
48

.3750
.4375
.3750

Rate of
wages p e r
hour.

48

48

.3750

.3125

48

.3125

48

j

.3750

48

.3750

48

.3750

48
48
48

.2500
.3125
.3750

48
48
48

.3125
.3125
.3750

48
48
48

.3750
.4063
.4375

48
48
48

.3750
.4063
.4375

4
8.
48
48

. 4271
. 4063
.4375

48
48
48

.4271
.4063
.4688

48
48
48
48
48

. 3438
.4063
.4375
.3125
.3750

48
48
48
48
48

.3438
.4063
.4375
.3125
.3750

48
48

.4375
.3750

48
48

.4375
.3750

48
48
48

. 3125
.3750
. 3125

48
48
48

.3125
.3750
.3125

48
48

.3333
.4167

48
48

.3750
.4375

48
48

.3542
.3750

48
48

.3542
.3750

48
48

.3750
.3333

49
48

.3750
.3333

48
48

.3750
.3333

48
48

.3750
.3333

48
48

.3750
.3333

48
48

.3750
.3333

54
54
54
54
54

.3333
.2963
.3333
.3333
.2963

54
54
54
54
54

.3333
.2963
.3333
.3333
.2963

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Casers-in............................................................................. !
Cutters and operators on casing-in machines.................. 1
Cutters, in charge stock and cutting machines...............
Forwarders, finishers, case makers, and operators on
case-making machines, union A ...................................
Forwarders, finishers, and case makers, union B ...........
Rulers.................................................................................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Cutters, finishing............................................................... 1
Cutters, stock.....................................................................
Finishers, first class...........................................................
Finishers and forwarders, blank work.............................
Forwarders, blank work................................................... j
Rulers—
i
Head............................................................................ ;
Second class.................................................................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Cutters or forwarders, printed work................................
Forwarders or finishers, blank work................................
Rulers.................................................................................
Detroit, Mich.: Cutters, finishers, forwarders or rulers,
printed or blank work..........................................................
Indianapolis, Ind.....................................................................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Cutters................................................................................
Cutters and folding-machine operators............................
Finishers—
First class....................................................................
Second class.................................................................
Forwarders—
First class....................................................................
Second class.................................................................
Rulers—
First class....................................................................
Second class.................................................................
Omaha, Nebr.:
Forwarders—
First class.....................................................................
Second class.................................................................
Finishers.............................................................................
Rulers.................................................................................
Cutters................................................................................




124
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PRINTING T R A D E S: Book and Job— Continued.
BO OKBIND ERS—Concluded.

lay 15, 1912.

May 15, 1913.

I
Hours of | Rate of
Hours of
labor per j wages per labor per
week. | hour.
week.
North Central—Concluded.
St. Louis, Mo.:
Cutters........................................................................ .......................
Finishers—
First class............ ....................................................................
Second class.............................................. ................................
Forwarders—
Blank w o rk ..............................................................................
Printed work............................................................... ...........
Folding-machine operators........................................................
Rulers—
First class..................................................................................
Second class..............................................................................
St. Paul, Minn.:
Finishers or forwarders, blank work....................................
Forwarders or cutters or folding-machine operators,
printed w ork...............................................................................
Rulers.................................................................................................

Rate of
wages per
hour.

48

$0.3958

48

$0.3958

48
48

.4792
. 4375

48
48

.4792
.4375

48
48
48

. 3958
. 3958
.3958

48
48
48

.3958
.3958
.3958

48
48

. 4479
.3958

48
48

.4583
.4167

49

.3673

49

.3673

49
49

.3265
.3673

49
49

.3265
.3673

48
48
48
48

.3750
.3750
. 3750
.3750

48
48
48
48

.3750
.4375
.4167
.3750

48
48

.3333
.3750

48
48

.3333
.3750

48
48
48
48
48

.3125
. 3750
. 3750
. 2500
. 3750

48
48
48
48
48

.3125
.3750
.3750
.2500
.3750

48

.4792

48

.5000

48
48
48
48
48
48

.3750
.4063
.4063
.4375
.4375
.5000

48
48
48
48
48
48

.4063
.4063
. 4063
.4375
.4375
.5000

48
48

. 4688
. 5208

48
48

. 4688
.5208

SO.4167

48

$0.4167

|
:

.3958
.3750
.3333
.3333
.4583
.4063

48
48
48
48
48
48

.3958
.3958
.3333
.3542
.4792
.4063

48
48 i

.3750
.4788

48
48

.3750
. 5000

44 i
46 1
45
48 i

.5227
.5217
.4222

44
46
42
48

. 5455

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala,:
Cutters and forwarders................................................................
Finishers............................................................................................
Rulers.................................................................................................
Dallas, T e x.: Cutters, finishers, forwarders, and rulers.........
Little Rock, A rk.:
Cutters.............................................................................................. .
Finishers, forwarders, and rulers...........................................
New Orleans, La.:
Cutters.................................... .......................................................... .
Finishers..........................................................................................
F orwarders........... ..........................................................................
Forwarders, half bound.............................................................
Rulers...............................................................................................

Western.
Denver, Colo.: Cutters, finishers, forwarders, and rulers..
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Cutters..............................................................................................
Finishers and forwarders...........................................................
Rulers.................................................................................................
Portland, Oreg.: A ll classifications...............................................
Salt Lake City, U tah.......................................................................... .
San Francisco, Cal.: A ll classifications........................................
Seattle, W ash.:
Cutters, finishers, and forwarders, printed and blank
work............................................................................................... .
R ulers...............................................................................................

COMPOSITORS.
North A tlantic.
Boston, Mass..............
Buffalo, N. Y .:
English union___
German union___
Fall River, Mass.........
Manchester, N. H .......
Newark, N. J ..............
New Haven, Conn___
New York, N. Y .:
Bohemian union..
English union.......
German union___
Hebrew union___
Hungarian union.
Italian union........




48 .
48
48
48
48
48
48

!
|

. 3750

.5217

.4762
.4375

U NIO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 15, 1913.
T able

125

I I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PRINTING TRADES: Book and Job—Continued.
COMPOSITORS—Concluded.
M]ay 15, 1912.
City.

May 15, 1913.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

48
48
48
48

$0.3750
.3958
.3750
.4375

48
48
48
48

$0.3958
.3958
.3750
.4375

48
48

.3438
.3750

48
48

.3438
.3750

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.3750
.3125
.3333
.3750
.3333
.4000
.4208

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.3750
.3125
.3333
.3750
.3333
.4000
.4208

48
48
48
48
48
48

.4608
.4688
.4688
.4688
.4167
.3750

48
48
48
48
48
48

.4688
.4688
.5000
.4688
.4167
.4063

48
45
48

.3958
.3111
.3854

48
45
48

.3958
.3556
.3854

48
48
48

.4167
.3958
.3958

48
48
48

.4375
.4271
.4167

48
48
48
48

.3958
. 3750
.4167
.3750

48
48
48
48

.4167
.4375
.4375
.3750

48
48
48
48

.4375
.4375
.4167
.4063

48
48
48
48

.4375
.4375
.4167
.4375

48
48
48

.4063
.4583
.3750

48
48
48

.4063
.5208
.3750

48
48
48
48

.3438
.3125
.4000
.4271

48
48
48
48

.3750
.3125
.4000
.4375

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

. 5313
.4375
.5000
.5313
.5000
.5000
.5313

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.5417
.4688
.5417
.5313
.5000
.5000
.5313

North Atlantic—Concluded.
Philadelphia, Pa......................................................................
Pittsburgh, Pa..........................................................................
Providence, R. I .......................................................................
Scranton, Pa.............................................................................
South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...............................................................................
Makers up and stonemen.................................................
Baltimore, Md.:
English union...................................................................
German union...................................................................
Charleston, S. C........................................................................
Jacksonville, Fla......................................................................
Richmond, V a..........................................................................
Washington, D. C....................................................................
Makers up and stonemen.................................................
North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Bohemian union................................................................
English union.....................................................................
German union...................................................................
Norwegian-Danish union..................................................
Polish union.......................................................................
Cincinnati, Ohio.......................................................................
Cleveland, Ohio:
English union....................................................................
Hungarian union...............................................................
Detroit, Mich............................................................................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
English union....................................................................
German union....................................................................
Kansas City, Mo.......................................................................
Milwaukee, W is.:
English union.....................................................................
German union....................................................................
Minneapolis, Minn...................................................................
Omaha, Nebr............................................................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Bohemian union................................................................
English union.....................................................................
German union....................................................................
St. Paul, Minn..........................................................................
South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.....................................................................
Dallas, Tex...............................................................................
Little Rock, Ark......................................................................
Louisville, Ky.:
English union....................................................................
German union...................................................................
Memphis, Tenn........................................................................
New Orleans, La......................................................................
Western.
Denver, Colo.............................................................................
Los Angeles, Cal.......................................................................
Poster work........................................................................
Portland, Oreg..........................................................................
Salt Lake City, Utah...............................................................
San Francisco, Cal...................................................................
Seattle, Wash............................................................................




126
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PRINTING TRADES: Book and Job—Continued.
ELECTROTYPERS, BATTERY MEN, AND BUILDERS.
May 15,1912.
City.

May 15,1913.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

48
48
54
44
48

$0.4167
.3750
.2222
.5000
.3750

48
48
54
44
48

$0.4167
. 3750
.2962
.5000
.3750

48
48
48

.3125
.3438
.3750

48
48
48

.3125
.3438
.3750

48
48
48
48
44

.3125
.2917
.3750
.3333
.5000

48
48
48
48
44

.3125
.2917
.3750
.3333
.5000

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.............................................................................
Buffalo, N. Y ............................................................................
New Haven, Conn....................................................................
New York, N. Y.: Branch men...............................................
Philadelphia, Pa......................................................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Battery m en.....................................................................
Builders.............................................................................
Scranton, Pa.............................................................................
South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...............................................................................
Baltimore, Md..........................................................................
Jacksonville, Fla......................................................................
Richmond, V a..........................................................................
Washington, D. C.....................................................................
North Central.
Chicago, 111................................................................................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Battery men......................................................................
Builders..............................................................................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Battery men......................................................................
Builders..............................................................................
Detroit, Mich............................................................................
Indianapolis, In d .....................................................................
Builders..............................................................................
Milwaukee, Wis........................................................................
Minneapolis, Minn.: Helpers.................................................. ;
Omaha, Neor............................................................................ I
St. Louis, Mo.: Helpers........................................................... I
St. Paul, Minn.: Helpers......................................................... j
1
South Central.
Memphis, Tenn........................................................................ !
New Orleans, La......................................................................
Western.
Denver, Colo.............................................................................
Los Angeles, Cal.......................................................................
Portland, Oreg..........................................................................
San Francisco, Cal....................................................................
Seattle, Wash............................................................................

Rate of
wages per
hour.

48

.3750

48

.4063

48
48

.3125
.3542

48
48

.3125
.3542

48
48
48
48
48
48
54
48
50
48

.3333
.3125
.2604
.3125
.3438
.3125
.2778
.4375
.3000
.3333

48
48
48
48
48
48
54
48
48
48

.3333
.3125
.2604
.3438
.3750
.3125
. 2778
.4375
.3333
.3333

48
48

.5208
.4375

48
48

.5208
.4375

48
48
48
48
48

.3333
.5000
. 5000
.5625
.5208

48
48
48
48
48

.3333
.5000
.5000
.6250
.5208

ELECTROTYPERS: Finishers.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass........................................
Buffalo, N. Y .......................................
New Haven, Conn...............................
New York, N. Y ..................................
Philadelphia, Pa..................................
Pittsburgh^ Pa.....................................
Scranton, Pa.........................................

48
48
54
44
48
48
48

$0. 5000
.4375
.3333
.6250
.4167
.4375
.4167

48
48
54
44
48
48
48

$0.5000
.4375
.3704
.6250
.4167
.4375
.4167

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga..........................................
Baltimore, M d.....................................
Jacksonville, Fla..................................
Richmond, V a .....................................
Washington, D. C................................

48
48
48
48
44

.4583
.4167
.3750
.3333
.5000

48
48
48
48
44

.4583
.4167
.3750
.3333
.5000




U NION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.

127

T a b l e I I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PRINTING TR A D E S : Book and Job— Continued.
E L E C T R O T Y P E R S : Finishers—Concluded.

May 15,1912.
City.

May 15, 1913.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
50
48

$0.4583
.4375
.4167
.3750
. 4375
.4375
.4375
.4200
.4375

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

$0.4896
.4375
,4167
.3750
.4375
.4375
.4375
.4583
. 4375

New Orleans. L a ______________________________________________

48
48
48
48

.5417
. 3750
.5208
.4375

48
48
48
48

.5417
.3750
.5208
.4375

Western.
Denver. Colo______
Los Angeles, Cal.......................................................................
Portland, Oreg..........................................................................
San Francisco, Cal....................................................................
Seattle, W ash...........................................................................

48
48
48
48
48

.4375
.5000
.5000
.5625
.5208

48
48
48
48
48

. 4375
.5000
. 5000
. (1250
.5208

North Central.
Chicago. 111._______
Cincinnati, Ohio.......................................................................
Cleveland, Ohio........................................................................
Detroit, Mich............................................................................
Indianapolis, Ind..
...........................................................
Milwaukee, W is........................................................................
Omaha, Nebr............................................................................
St. Louis, M o............................................................................
St. Paul. Minn_________________________________________
South Central.
Birmingham. Ala
Dallas, Tex................................................................................
Memphis, Tenn........................................................................

Rate of
wages per
hour.

I

E L E C TR O TYPE R S: Molders.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.............................................................................
Buffalo, N. Y ............................................................................
New Haven, Conn....................................................................
New York, N. Y .......................................................................
Philadelphia, Pa.......................................................................
Pittsburgh, Pa..........................................................................
Scranton, Pa.............................................................................

48
48
54
44
48
48
48

$0.5000
.4375
. 3333
.6250
.4583
.5000
.4583

48
48
54
44
48
48
48

$0.5000
.4375
.3704
.6250
.4583
.5000
.4583

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...............................................................................
Baltimore, Md..........................................................................
Jacksonville, Fla.......................................................................
Richmond, V a..........................................................................
Washington, D. C.....................................................................

48
48
48
48
44

.4583
.4375
.3750
.3333
.5000

48
48
48
48
44

.4583
.4375
.3750
.3333
.5000

North Central.
Chicago, 111................................................................................
Cincinnati, Ohio.......................................................................
Cleveland, Ohio........................................................................
Detroit, Mich............................................................................
Indianapolis, Ind.....................................................................
Kansas City, Mo.......................................................................
Milwaukee, Wis........................................................................
Minneapolis, Minn...................................................................
Omaha, Nebr............................................................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Head molders.....................................................................
Journeymen........................................................................
St. Paul, Minn............ .............................................................

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
54
48

.5208
.4792
.4375
.3750
. 4583
.4375
.4375
.3611
. 4375

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
54
48

.5417
.4792
.4375
.3750
.4583
.4375
.4375
.3611
. 4375

50
50
48

.4800
.4400
.5000

48
50
48

. 5208
.4792
.5000

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.....................................................................
Dallas, T ex...............................................................................
Memphis, Tenn........................................................................
New Orleans, La.......................................................................

48
48
48
48

.5000
. 4167
.5208
.4375

48
48
48
48

.5000
. 4167
.5208
.4375

Western.
Denver, Colo.............................................................................
Los Angeles, Cal......................................................................
Portland, Oreg..........................................................................
San Francisco, Cal.. - ..............................................................
Seattle, Wash...........................................................................

48
48
48
48
48

.5208
.5000
.5000
. 5625
.5208

48
48
48
48
48

.5208
.5000
.5000
.6250
. 5208




128

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e I I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PRINTING T R A D E S : Book and Job— Continued.
LIN O TYPE OPERATORS.

May 15, 1912.
City.

Hours of
labor per
week.

North A tlantic.
Boston, Mass........................................
Buffalo, N. Y .......................................
Manchester, N. H ................................
Newark, N. J .......................................
New Haven, Conn...............................
New York, N. Y.:
English union................................
German union...............................
Hebrew union...............................
Hungarian union......................
Italian union.................................
Philadelphia, P a ................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
English un ion ..............................
German union..............................
Providence, R. I ..................................
Scranton, Pa........................................

48
48
48
48
48

Rate of
Hours of
wages per labor per
hour.
week.

$0.4583

Rate of
wages per
hour.

.5417
.6667
.8056
.5476
. 4375
.4375

.4792
. 4688
.4792
.4583

48
48
48
48

.4792
.4688
.4792
.4583

.4375
.4688
.4375
.4167
.5000

48
48
48
48
48

.4375
.4688
.4375
.4167
.5000

.5600
.5000
.5000

36
48
48

.5600
.5000
.5000

48
48

.4583
.4375

48
48

.4896
.4375

48
45
48
48
48

.5375
.4778
.5000
.5000
.5313

48
45
48
48
48

.5375
.5000
.5500
.5000
.5521

48
48
48
48

.4688
.4167
.4792
.5000

48
48
48
48

.4792
.5000
.5000
.5000

48
48
48

.5000
.5000
.4792

48
48
48

.5000
.5000
.5000

42
48
f8
48
48

.5250
i .1250
.5000
.4500
.5000

42
48
48
48
48

.5250
i .1250
.5000
.4900
.6250

48
48
48
48

.5313
.5833
.6563
.5625

48
48
48
48

.5313
.5833
.6563
.5625

54
45
42
1 Per 1,000 ems, nonpareil.

48
37|
36
42
48
48

36
48
48

Western.
Denver, Colo........................................
Los Angeles, Cal..................................
Portland, Oreg.....................................
Salt Lake City, Utah...........................
San Francisco, Cal.:
English text..................................
Foreign text..................................
Seattle, Wash.:....................................

.5213
.6533
.7778
.4889
.4063
.4167

48
48
48
48
48

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala................................
Dallas, T ex......................... ................
Little Rock, Ark..................................
Louisville, K y .....................................
Memphis, Tenn...................................

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

North Central.
Chicago, 111:
Bohemian union...........................
English union................................
German union...............................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
English union................................
German union...............................
Cleveland, Ohio:
English union................................
Hungarian union...........................
Detroit, Mich.......................................
Indianapolis, Ind.................................
Kansas City, Mo..................................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
English union................................
German union...............................
Minneapolis, Minn...............................
Omaha, Nebr.......................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Bohemian union...........................
English union................................
St. Paul, Minn.....................................

.3333
. 4583
.4583

48
37J
36
45
48
48

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga..........................................
Baltimore, Md.....................................
Jacksonville, Fla..................................
Richmond, V a.....................................
Washington, D. C................................




May 15, 1913.

.6445
.5778
.7857

45
45
42

.6445
.5778
.8214

. 5000

$0.4583
. 5000
.3542
.4792
.4583

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.
T able

129

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, .MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.

I I .—

PRINTING TRADES: Book and Job—Continued.
MACHINE TENDERS.
May 15, 1912.
City.

May 15,1913.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.............................................................................
New York, N. Y .:
D ayw ork13 or more machines....................................................
9 to 12 machines.................... ............................. ........
5 to 8 machines............................................................
1 to 4 machines............................................................

48

SO.4583

48

$0.4583

48
48
48
48

.6563
.6146
.5521
.5208

48
48
48
48

.6563
.6146
.5521
.5208

South Atlantic.
Jacksonville, Fla.......................................................................
Washington, D. C.....................................................................

48
48

.4375
.5000

48
48

.4375
.5000

48
48
48

.4583
.5375
.6250

48
48
48

.4896
.5375
.6250

48
48

.4792
.5417

48
48

.5400
.6000

48
48
48

.5000
.5625
.5000

48
48
48

,5000
.5625
.5000

South Central.
Little Rock, Ark.......................................................................
Louisville, K v ..........................................................................

48
48

.4167
.4792

48
48

.4167
.4792

Western.
Salt Lake City, Utah................................................................

48

.6250

48

.6250

48

$0.3125

48

$0.3125

48
48

.2500
.1875

48
48

.2708
.2083

48
48

.3125
.3542

48
48

.3333
.3750

48
48
48

.3438
.3854
.2500

48
48
48

.3542
.3854
.2500

48
48
48
48

.2500
.2083
.1771
.2708

48
48
48
48

.2813
.2396
.2083
.3021

48
48
48

.2708
.1875
.2083

48
48
48

.2708
.1875
.2083

48
48

.2500
.1563

48
48

.2500
.1563

North Central.
Cincinnati, Ohio: Machine tenders..................................
Cleveland, Ohio: Machine tenders, English un ion..............
Kansas City, Mo.: Machinists................................................
Minneapolis, Minn., machinists:
Daywork.............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
Omaha, Nebr., machine tenders:
Daywork.............................................................................
Nightwork..........................................................................
St. Louis, Mo.: Machine tenders....................... ......... ...........

PRESS FEEDERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.: Cylinder presses......................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Cylinder presses.........................................
Platen presses.............................................
Newark, N. J.:
Cylinder presses..........................................
Cylinder presses, assistant pressmen........
New York, N. Y .:
One automatic press.................................. .
Two automatic presses................................
Job press.......................................................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Cylinder presses, 25 by 38 or over...............
Cylinder presses, under 25 by 38................
Cylinder presses^ all others........................
Flat-bed perfecting press........................... .
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Cylinder presses.......................................... .
Platen presses.............................................
Providence, R. I., cylinder and platen presses
Scranton, Pa.:
Cylinder presses..........................................
Platen presses.............................................

33136°— B u ll. 143—14------ 9




130
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PRINTING TRADES: Book and Job—Continued.
PRESS FEEDERS—Continued.
May 15,1912.
City.

Atlanta, Ga:
Cylinder presses..
Platen presses___
Baltimore, Md.:
Cylinder presses..
Platen presses___
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Cylinder presses..
Platen presses_
_
Richmond, Va.:
Cylinder presses..
Platen presses_
_
Washington, D. C.:
Cylinder presses..
Platen presses_
_

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages pei
hour.

South Atlantic.

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Cylinder presses.................................................................
Press assistants, rotary presses or cylinder presses
(patent insides)..............................................................
Pony presses, less than 25 by 38..................................... .
Press assistants, platen presses....................................... .
Colt and Universal presses...............................................
Platen presses................................................................... .
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Automatic presses................................. ...........................
Cylinder presses.................................................................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Operators and feeders on folding machines.....................
Patent insides or newspaper feeders................................
Flat-bed, Harris, or automatic presses........................... .
Self-feeding or folding presses......................................... .
Cylinder presses.................................................................
Job press assistants.......................................................... .
Pony presses..................................................................... .
Platen presses................................................................... .
Detroit j Mich.:
Cylinder presses................................................................
Press assistants.................................................................
Platen presses...................................................................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Press assistants.................................................................
Newspaper feeders...........................................................
Cylinder presses................................................................
Pony presses.....................................................................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Patent insides, cylinder feed..........................................
Cylinder presses................................................................
Automatic presses............................................................
Pony presses.....................................................................
Platen presses...................................................................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Cylinder presses, 25 by 38 and over................................
Cylinder presses with automatic feed.............................
Cylinder presses, patent insides......................................
Cylinder presses under 25 by 38......................................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Cylinder presses................................................................
Platen presses.................................................... ; .............
Omaha, Nebr.: Cylinder presses............................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Cylinder presses, 24 by 36 and over................................
Aluminographic presses...................................................
Automatic presses............................................................
Lithographic presses over No. 2 .....................................
Lithographic presses No. 2 or less...................................
Pony presses.............................................................. .
St. Paul, Minn.:
Cylinder presses................................................................
Platen presses...................................................................




Hours of
labor per
week.

May 15,1913.

$0.1771
.1458
48

$0.1771
.1458

.2292
.1563

.2500
.1771

.1667

.2500
.1875

.2083
.1563

48

.2083
.1563

.2500
.1771

.2500
.1771

.3438

.3438

.3750
.2500
.3125
.2292
.2188

.3750
.2500
.3125
.2292
.2188

.3021
.2813

.3229
.3021

.3333
.3438
.3229
.2917
.2708
.2396
.2188
.1979

.3333
.3438
.3229
.2917
.2708
.1979

.2708
.2708
.2292

.2917
.2917
.2500

.3125
.3021
.2708
.1875

.3542
.3438
.3125
.2500

.3281
.3021
.3021
.2708
.1875

.3281
.3021
.3021
.2708
.2083

.2917
.2917
.3229
.2083

.3125
.3125
.3438
.2292

.2552
.2083
.2292

.2813
.2500
.2292

.3125
.3333
.3125
.3125
.2500
.2500

.3125
.3333
.3125
.3125
.2500
.2500

.2813
.2604

.2813
.2604

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15; 1913.

131

T able I I . — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PRINTING TRADES: Book and Job-Continued.
PRESS FEEDERS—Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
City.

May 15, 1913.

Hours of
labor per
week.

South Central,
Dallas, Tex.:
Cylinder, commercial presses...........................................
Cylinder, publication presses............................................
Little Rock, Ark.:
Cylinder presses................................................................
Platen presses....................................................................
Pony presses.......................................................................
Louisville, Ky.:
Cylinder presses.................................................................
Cylinder, automatic feed, and press assistants...............
Platen presses.....................................................................
Press assistants, 1 platen press..........................................
Memphis, Tenn.: Cylinder presses..........................................
New Orleans,La.: Cylinder presses........................................
Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Cylinder presses............... .................................................
Platen presses................................................................... .
Press assistants..................................................................
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Platen presses.......................................................
Portland, Oreg.:
i
Cylinder presses.................................... . ...... ................. .
Piaten presses....................................................................
Salt Lake City, Utah: Cylinder presses.................................
San Francisco, Cal.:
Cylinder presses.................................................................
Platen presses....................................................................
Lithographic presses....................................................... .
Press assistants, cylinder presses, first year....................
Press assistants, cylinder presses, second year...............
Press assistants, platen presses, first year.......................
Press assistants, platen presses, second year...................
Press asistants, oilers, brakemen, and tension men on
rotary and magazine presses........................................
Press assistants, fly, and packermen on rotary and
magazine presses............................................................
Seattle, Wash.:
Cylinder presses.................................................................
Press assistants (cylinder presses)...................................
Platen presses
.
.................
Press assistants (platen presses).......................................

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

48
48

$0.2750
.3094

48
48

$0.2750
.3094

48
48
48

.2708
.1458
.1875

48
48
48

.2708
.1458
.1875

48
48
48
48
48
48

.2292
.2708
.1563
.2292
.2417
.3125

48
48
48
48
48
48

.2292
.2708
.1563
.2292
.2708
.3125

48
48
48

.3333
.1875
.3542

48
48
48

.3438
.1979
.3646

48
48

.3125
.2500

48
48

.3542
.2917

48
48
48

.3438
.2917
.2917

48
48
48

. 3438
.2917
.2917

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.3438
.2813
.3438
.3542
.3646
.3021
.3125

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.3438
.2813
.3438
.3542
.3646
.3021
.3125

48

.5313

48

.5313

48

. 3750

48

48
48
48
48

.3229
.3438
.2708
.3229

48
48
48
48

.37
50
.3229
.3438
.2708
.3229

$0.5938
. 4583
.3854

48
48
48

$0.5938
. 4583
13854

PRESSMEN: Cylinder presses.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Operatives of—
Cvlinder and rotary presses........................... .........
Buffalo, N. Y .: Operatives of 1 or 2 presses...........................
Newark, N. J.:
Operatives of—
1 or 2 presses................................................................
2-color presses; one-machine process work, 1 or 2
machines..................................................................
1 automatic press.......................................................
New Haven, Conn.: Operatives of 1 or 2 presses...................
New York, N. Y.:
Operatives of—
1 or 2 presses...................... .........................................
Cottrell or offset presses..........................................
Ticket or raultipresses.................... ...........................
Cartwright job presses...............................................
1 single-roll rotary press.......... ...............................
Man in charge process press.......................................
Magazine presses.........................................................
McKee process presses...............................................
Magazine presses, 2 feeders.........................................




48
48
48
48

.4792

48

.5000

48
48
48

.5000
.3750
.3750

48
48
48

.5208
. 4167
.3750

48
48
48

.5208
. 5625
.6250

48
48
48

.6771
.6979
.7031

48

. 78i3

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.5208
.5625
.6250
.4375
. 6771
.6979
. 7031
.7292
.7813

132

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e I I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PRINTING TRADES: Book and Job—Continued.
PR ESSM EN: Cylinder presses—Continued.

May 15,1912.
City.

North Atlantic—Concluded.
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Operatives of—
2-color, flat-bed presses with automatic feeders...
2-color, flat-bed cylinder presses............................
1 flat-bed perfecting press with automatic feeders.
2 presses with automatic feeders............................
1 flat-bed perfecting press.......................................
2 flat-bed presses....................................................
1 cylinder and 3 platen presses.............................
Not over 2 Adams7presses.................................... .
Overlay cutters......................................................
Web presses, book and job
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Operatives of—
1 or 2 presses......................
2-cylinder press and platen ^
3-cylinder press and platen presses...........................
Providence, R. I.: Operatives of cylinder presses.................
Scranton, Pa.: Operatives of 1 or 2 presses............................
South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Operatives of—
1 press................................................... ......................
2 presses.......................................................................
Baltimore, Md.:
Operatives of—
2 single or 1 double press............................................
1 or 2 single cylinders, 1 double cylinder, 1 cylinder
and 2 platen or 1 magazine press............................
Charleston, S. C.: Operatives of 1 or 2 presses.......................
Jacksonville, Fla.: Operatives of 1 or 2 presses......................
Richmond, Va.: Operatives of 1 or 2 presses.........................
Washington, D. C.: Operatives of 1 or 2 presses....................
North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Operatives of—
1 rotary, 3 or more color, or 2-color rotary, or double­
roll rotary presses............................. .*
.....................
Cox duplex, or Goss flat-bed, or 3-color process work,
or double-cylinder sheet-feed rotary presses.........
Single-roll rotary presses............................................
2 single, or 1 double, or 3 patent-inside blanket
presses.......................................................................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Operatives of—
1 rotary web press, first position...............................
1 double or a 2-color press, over 53 inches................
4 bag presses................................................................
1 rotary web press, second position, process or label
work..........................................................................
2 single presses, over 53 inches...................................
2 single presses, less than 53 inches, process or label
work, or 2 single presses, less than 53 inches, or
1 perfecting press, or 1 cylinder and 2 platen
presses.......................................................................
2 single-color Harris presses.......................................
1 single-color Harris press...........................................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Operatives of—
1 or 2 presses................................................................
Pony presses................................................................
Detroit, Mich.: Operatives of 1 or 2 presses...........................
Indianapolis, Ind.: Operatives of 1 or 2 presses.....................




May 15, 1913.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

$0.4583
.4583
.4792
.4583
.4375
.4375
.4167
.3646
.4167
.5521

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

$0.5417
.5000
.5000
.4792
.4583
.4375
.4375
.3750
.4375
.5729

48
48
48
48
48

3750
.4375
.4792
.3542
.4583

48
48
48
48
48

.4167
.4792
.5208
.3958
.4583

48
48

.3125
.3750

48
48

.3125
.3750

48

.4375

48

.4375

48
48
48
48
48

.3750
.3646
.3750
.2917
.4167

48
48
48
48
48

.3958
.3646
.3750
.2917
.4167

Rate of
wages per
hour.

48

.5938

48

.5938

48
48

.5729
.5417

48
48

.5729
.5417

48

.5000

48

.5000

48
48
48

. 5833
.5417
.5208

48
48
48

.5833
.5117
. 5208

48
48

.5000
.4792

48
48

.5000
.4792

48
48
48

.4583
.3958
.3542

48
48
48

.4583
.3958
.3542

48
48
48
48

.3958
.3229
.3750
.4167

48
48
48
48

.4167
.3438
.3958
.4479

U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OP LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.
T able

133

I I . — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PRINTING TRADES: Book and Job— Continued.
PRESSM EN: Cylinder presses— Continued.

May 15, 1912.
City.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

May 15, 1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

North Central—Concluded.
Kansas City, Mo.:
Operatives of—
1 press 24 by 36 or under............................................
2 presses 24 by 36 or under, without foreman...........
2 presses 24 by 36 or under, with foreman................
1 press over 38 by 56...................................................
2 presses.......................................................................
1 cylinder and 2 platen presses..................................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Operatives of—
1 or 2 presses................................................................
1 single-color Harris press.................................. .......
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Operatives of—
1 or 2 presses................................................................
3 presses.......................................................................
Omaha, Nebr.: Operatives of 1 or 2 presses...........................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Operatives of—
1 press..........................................................................
2 presses less than 24 by 36 inches, or 1 single Harris
press 15 by 18 inches or less....................................
1 press less than 24 by 36 inches and 2 platen presses,
or 1 press over 24 by 36 inches and 1 or 2 platen
presses, or 1 press less than 24 by 36 inches and
3 platen presses........................................................
2 presses 24 by 36 inches and over, or 1 press over
24 by 36 inches and 3 platen presses, or 1 double
press, or 1 two-color press, or 2 Kidder presses
15 by 18 inches or less, or 2 single Harris presses
15 by 18 inches or less, or 1 two-color Harris press
15 by 18 inches or less.............................................
1 multigraph press......................................................
1 single rotary press....................................................
1 cylinder press, 24 by 36 inches or over and 1 press
with automatic feed................................................
1 cylinder press less than 24 by 36 inches and 1 auto­
matic press...............................................................
1 cylinder press over 24 by 36 inches and 1 automatic
press..........................................................................
St. Paul, Minn.:
Operatives of—
Triple rotary presses..................................................
Double rotary presses.................................................
2 Harris presses...........................................................
2 automatic presses.....................................................
Single rotary press..................- ............................
Double and single presses.........................................
Automatic press.........................................................
Harris press..............................................................
1 or 2 presses................................................................

.4375
.3542

.4375
.3542

.4063
.4479
.3750

.4250
.4896
.3750

.3542

.3542

.3958

48

$0.3750
.4375
.3750
.4375
.4375
.4167

.3958

.4375

48

.4375

. 5208
.5313

.4688
.5208
.5313

.4375

.4375
.4688

.5208
.5510
. 4898
49

48

.5208

.4490
.4388

.5306
.4796
.4796
.4898
. 4796
.4286
.4286
.4286

.5000
.4583
.4063
.3333
.4583

.5000
.4583
.4063
.3333
.4583

.4063
.3854
.6250

.4063
.3854
.6250

49

South Central.

Birmingham, Ala.:
Operatives of—
2 or more cylinder or other presses, foremen...........
1 cylinder or 1 or more platen presses, foremen.......
2 presses.....................................................................
1 press........................................................................
Dallas, Tex.: Operatives oi 1 cylinder and 2 platen presses.
Little Rock, Ark.:
Operatives of—
2 presses.....................................................................
1 cylinder and 1 platen press....................................
Cylinder and lithographic presses...........................




>.3750
.4375
.3750
.4375
.4375
.4167

134

BULLETIN OF THE BUBEAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e I I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PRINTING TRADES: Book and Job—Continued.
PRESSMEN: Cylinder presses—Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
City.

May 15, 1913.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

48
48
48
48
48
48

$0.4167
.3750
.3750
.3750
.3125
.3438

48
48
48
48
48
48

$0.4167
.3750
.3750
.3750
.3125
.3438

48
48
48

.4104
.3698
.2948

48
48
48

.4792
.4375
.3438

48
48

.4063
.4063

48
48

.4063
.4063

48

.5417

48

.5417

48
48

.4375
.4375

48
48

.4688
.4688
.6250
.6250
.5313
.5000
.4688

Rate of
wages per
hour.

South Central—Concluded.
Louisville, Ky.:
Operatives of—
1 or 2 presses with automatic feed.............................
1 or 2 presses................................................................
Large cylinder and 2 platen presses...........................
2 Harris presses...........................................................
Pony presses................................................................
Pony and 2 job presses...............................................
Memphis, Tenn.:
Operatives of—
2 cylinder presses, foremen........................................
2 cylinder presses........................................................
1 cylinder press...........................................................
New Orleans, La.:
Operatives of—
Cylinder presses.............................. ...........................
Cylinder and platen presses.......................................
Western.
Denver, Colo.: Operatives of 1 or 2 presses............................
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Operatives of—
1 or 2 presses................................................................
1 cylinder and 2 platen presses..................................
Portland, Oreg.:
Operatives of—
1 cylinder and 1 or 2 platen presses, foremen............
1 cylinder and more than 2 platen presses, foremen
2 presses.......................................................................
1 press..........................................................................
Salt Lake City, Utah: Operatives of 1 or 2 presses...............
San Francisco, Cal.:
Operatives of—
1 press........................... ..............................................
2 presses.......................................................................
Cox duplex presses.....................................................
Two-color presses........................................................
Coupon-ticket presses.................................................
Seattle, Wash.:
Foremen.............................................................................
Operatives of 1 to 2 presses...............................................

48

.5625

48

.4688

48

.4688

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

.5000
.5625
.6250
.5625
.5000

48
48
48
48
48

.5000
.5625
.6250
.5625
.5000

48
48

.5625
.5104

48
48

.5625
.5104

48
48
48

$0.3958
.3542
.2917

48
48
48

$0.3958
.3542
.2917

48
48
48
48
48

.4375
.3958
.3542
.3125
.3125

48
48
48
48
48

.4583
.4167
.3750
.3333
.3125

48
48
48
48

.5208
.4792
.4375
.4167

48
48
48
48

.5208
.4792
.4375
.4167

48

.3958

48

.3958

PRESSMEN: Platen presses.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Operatives of—
Job presses...................................................................
1 or 2 presses................................................................
Buffalo, N. Y .: Operatives of platen presses..........................
Newark, N. J.:
Operatives of—
2 automatic presses.....................................................
5 or 6 presses................................................................
3 or 4 presses................................................................
1 or 2 presses................................................................
New Haven, Conn.: Operatives of 1 to 3 presses...................
New York, N. Y .:
Operatives of—
4 single or 2 double Kidder, or 2 automatic or Kavmore presses.............................................................
Nos. 6 to 18, one press.................................................
4 or 5 presses or automatic 2 presses..........................
Automatic or Kavmore presses.................................
1 to 3 presses, Nos. 1 to 7, 20 or 21, or 1 automatic
press..........................................................................




U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.

135

T a b le I I . — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY CITIES. MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PRINTING TRADES: Book and Job— Continued.
PRESSM EN: Platen presses—Continued.
May : 5, 1912.
1

City.

North Atlantic—Concluded.
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Operatives of—
2 presses or 1 two-color press......................................
Automatic platen presses (provers)...........................
More than 4 presses.....................................................
3 or 4 presses................................................................
1 or 2 presses................................................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.: Operatives of 1 to 5 presses.........................
Providence, R. L:
1 to 3 presses.......................................................................
Universal press, 14 by 22 and over..................................
Scranton, Pa.:
Operatives of—
4 or more presses.........................................................
1 to 3 presses................................................................
South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Operatives of—
1 press..........................................................................
2 presses.......................................................................
3 or more presses.........................................................
Baltimore, Md.:
Operatives of—
1 to 3 presses................................................................
4 to 5 presses................................................................
Charleston, S. C.:
Operatives of—
1 or 2 presses................................................................
3 to 4 presses................................................................
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Operatives of—
1 or 2 presses................................................................
4 presses.......................................................................
7 presses......................................... .............................
Richmond, Va.: Operatives of 2 or more presses....................
Washington, D. C.: Operatives of 1 to 3 presses....................
North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Operatives of—
1 sheet-feed rotary or multicolor ticket, or 2 Kidder
ticket, or 2 automatic, or 1 two-color Harris or 2
single Harris, or 1 cylinder press larger than 28
by 42 inches, with not more than 3 job presses___
6 presses, or 1 cylinder not larger than 28 by 42
inches, with not more than 3 job presses..............
5 presses or proofers, or 1 job press...........................
4 presses.....................................................................
3 presses or under........................................................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Operatives of—
5 presses..........................................................
4 presses.................................
3 presses.............................................................
1 or 2 presses...........................................................
2 automatic presses...........................................
1 automatic press........................................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Operatives of—
1 or 2 presses.............................................................
3 presses..................................
4 presses.........................................
5 or more presses....................................................
Detroit, Mich.:
Operatives of—
6 or more presses...................................................
4 or 5 presses....................................................
3 presses.......................................................................
2 presses.......................................................................




May :Lo, 1913.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

48
48
48
48
48
48

$0. 4167
.3750
.3542
. 3125
. 2708
.3750

48
48
48
48
48
48

$0. 4583
. 3958

48

.2813

48
48

.3125
,3542

48
48

.3125
.2708

48
48

.3125
.2708

48
48
48

.2917
.3125
.3438

48
48
48

.2917
.3125
.3438

48
48

.2500
.3125

48
48

.2708
.3333

48
48

.2083
.3125

48
48

.2083
.3125

48
48
48
48
48

.2500
.3125
.3750
.2083
.3125

48
48
48
48
48

.2500
.3125
. 4063
.2083
.3125

Rate of
wages per
hour.

. 375.)

. 3333
.3021
.3750

48

.5000

48

.5000

48
48
48
48

.4375
.4063
.3750
.3438

48
48
48
48

. 4375
.4063
.3750
.3438

48
48
48
48
48
48

.4063
.3646
.3229
.3021
.4583
.3854

48
48
48
48
48
48

48

.2500
.2708
.3021
.3333

48
48
48
48

.2708
.2917
.3229
. 3542

48
48
48
48

.3958
.3542
.3125
.2708

48
48
48

.4063
.3646
. 3229

.3021
. 4583

.3854

136

B U L L E T IN

OF T H E

BUREAU

OF L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S .

T a b l e I I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PRINTING TR A D E S: Book and Job—Continued,
PRESSMEN1 Platen presses—Continued.
:
May 15, 1912.
City.

North Central—Concluded.
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Operatives of—
1 press..........................................................................
2 presses.............................................. .........................
3 presses............................................ ..........................
4 presses.......................................................................
5 presses.......................................................................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Operatives of—
1 press..........................................................................
2 presses.......................................................................
3 or 4 presses................................................................
5 to 7 presses....................................... ........................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Operatives of—
4 presses......................................... .............................
3 presses.......................................................................
1 or 2 presses................................................................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Operatives of—
1 to 3 presses................................................................
4 or more presses.........................................................
Omaha, Nebr.:
Operatives of—
1 to 3 presses................................................................
4 presses.......................................................................
5 presses.................................................................. .
St. Louis, Mo.:
Operatives of—
2 presses, or 1 press with automatic feed, or one 128inch coupon press....................................................
3 presses.......................................................................
4 presses, or one 42-inch coupon press, or 1 press
with automatic feed and 2 platen presses...............
1 automatic press........................................................
5 presses, or 2 presses with automatic feed and 1
platen press..............................................................
St. Paul, Minn.:
Operatives of—
1 to 3 presses.............................................................. .
4 or more presses.........................................................
South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.:
Operatives of—
10 or more pre
7 to 9 presses.
4 to 6 presses.
3 presses...................................................
1 or 2 presses...........................................
Dallas, Tex.:
Operatives of—
1 or 2 presses............................................
3 presses...................................................
Little Rock, Ark.: Operatives of 4 presses.........
Louisville,Ky.:
Operatives of—
4 presses....... ..........................................
3 presses...................................................
1 or 2 presses............................................
Memphis, Tenn.:
Operatives of—
Automatic press.....................................
4 presses...................................................
3 presses...................................................
1 or 2 presses............................................
New Orleans, La.: Operatives of 1 or 2 presses..




Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

May 15,1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

$0.2292
.2708
.3125
.3542
.3958
.3125
.3333
.3542
.3958

.3125
.3333
.3542

.3542
.3125
.2708

.3750
.3333
.2917

.2813
.3229

48

$0.2604
.3021
.3438
.3854
.4271

.3125
.3525

.3125
.3333
.3542

48

.3125
.3333
.3542

.3125
.3438
.3750
.3958

.3750
.3958

.4063

.4063

.2551
.3214

.2908
.3418

.4167
.3958
.3542
.3333
.3125

49

.3125
.3438

.4167
.3958
.3542
.3333
.3125

48

.2750
.3438
.3333
.3750
.3125
.2500

48

.2750
.3438
.3333
.3750
.3125
.2500

.3000
.2948
.2313
.3438

.3126
.3438
.3125
.2813
.3438

U N I O N S C A L E OF W A G E S A N D H O U R S OF L A B O R , M A Y 15, 1913.

137

T a b l e I I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PRINTING TR A D E S: Book and Job— Concluded.
PRESSMEN: Platen presses—Concluded.
May 15,1912.
City.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Operatives of—
7 presses.............................
6 presses.............................
5 p resses..........................
3 or 4 presses......................
1 or 2 pres:
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Operatives of—
More than 4 presses
4 presses..................
1 to 3 presses..........
Portland, Oreg.:
Operatives of—
3 presses..................
1 or 2 presses..........
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Operatives of—
7 presses1................
5 or 6 presses..........
3 or 4 presses..........
1 or 2 presses..........
San Francisco, Cal.:
Operatives of—
3 presses..................
1 or 2 presses..........
Seattle, Wash.:
Foremen, 3 or more pres
Operatives of 3 or more presses.
Foremen, 1 or 2 presses.............
Operatives of less than 3 presses

May 15,1913.

Rate of
Hours of
wages per labor per
hour.
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

48
48
48
48
48

$0.5208
.5000
.4583
.4167
.3750

48
48
48
48
48

$0.5208
.5000
.4583
.4167
.3750

48
48
48

.4167
.3958
.3750

48
48
48

.4479
.4271
.4063

48
48

.4375
.3750

48
48

.5000
.4375

48
48
48
48

.5000
.4375
.3750
.3125

48
48
48
48

.5000
.4375
.3750
.3125

48
48

.5000
.4375

48
48

.5000
.4375

48
48
48
48

.5104
.4479
.4375
.4167

48
48
48
48

.5104
.4479
.4375
.4167

PRINTING TRADES: Newspaper.
COMPOSITORS: Daywork.
North Central.
Boston, Mass.......................................................................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
English un ion ............................................................. .
German union............................................................ .
Fall River, Mass.:
Sets advertisements, head men...................................
Sets advertisements, assistant, and makers up........ .
Floor hands, head setters, and head framers.............
Manchester, N. H ...............................................................
Newark, N. J.:
English u n io n ..............................................................
German union, compositors and linotype operators .
New Haven, Conn........................................................
New York, N. Y .:
Bohemian union...........................................................
English union................................................................
German union..............................................................
Hebrew union...............................................................
Hungarian union..........................................................
Italian union.................................................................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
English un ion ..............................................................
German union..............................................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.....................................................................
Providence, R. I .................................................................
Scranton, Pa........................................................................




1 With an assistant.

42

$0.6300

42

$0.6300

48
48

.5000
.3750

48
48

.5000
.3958

48
48
48
48

.4167
.3750
.3333
.3333

48
48
48
48

. 4583
.4167
.3750
.3542

46
40
48

.6087
.5000
.4583

46
40
48

.6087
.5250
.4688

42
45
37J
36
45
48

.4286
.6444
.6533
.7778
.5111
.4333

42
45
m
36
42
48

.4286
.6667
.6667
.8056
.5714
.4667

48
48
48
48
48

.4167
.5000
.5500
.4792
.4375

48
48
48
48
48

.4167
.5250
.5500
. 4792
.4792

138
T a b le

B U L L E T IN

OF T H E

BUREAU

OF L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S .

I I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PHINTING TRADES: Newspaper—Continued.
COMPOSITORS: Daywork—Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
City.

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...............................................................................
Baltimore, Md.:
English un ion...................................................................
German union............... ...................................................
Charleston. S. C........................................................................
Jacksonville, Fla.......................................................................
Richmond, V a..........................................................................
Washington, D. C.....................................................................
North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Bohemian union................................................................
English union.....................................................................
English union (makers up).......................................... .
German union....................................................................
Norwegian-Danish union..................................................
Polish union.......................................................................
Swedish union....................................................................
Cincinnati, Ohio.......................................................................
Cleveland, Ohio:
English union....................................................................
German union....................................................................
Hungarian union...............................................................
Detroit, Mich.:
English union.....................................................................
German union....................................................................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
English union.....................................................................
English union (bankm en)...............................................
German union....................................................................
Kansas City, Mo.......................................................................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
English union.....................................................................
German union....................................................................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
English union.....................................................................
German union....................................................................
Omaha, Nebr............................................................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
English union.....................................................................
German union....................................................................
St. Paul, Minn.:
English union.....................................................................
German union....................................................................
South Central.
Birmingham, Ala...................... ..............................................
Dallas, T ex...............................................................................
Little Rock, Ark.......................................................................
Louisville, K y ..........................................................................
Memphis, Term.:
Sets advertisements, head men.........................................
Journeymen.......................................................................
New Orleans, La......................................................................
Western.
Denver , Colo.............................................................................
Los Angeles, Cal.......................................................................
Portland, Oreg..........................................................................
Salt Lake City, Utah...............................................................
San Francisco, Cal.:
English union.....................................................................
Foreign union.......... .........................................................
Seattle, Wash............................................................................




Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

May 15, 1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

48

$0. 4375

48

$0.4375

42
48
48
48
48
42

.5000
.3125
.3333
.3750
.3333
.5786

42
48
48
48
48
42

.5000
.3125
.3333
.3750
. 3333
.6071

48
45
48
48
48
48
48
m

.4608
.6200
.6042
.5000
.5500
.4167
.4688
.5244

48
45
48
48
48
48
48
47§

.4688
.6200
.6042
.5682
.5500
.4167
.4688
.5244

48
48
45

.5375
.3750
.4444

48
48
45

.5375
.4167
.5000

48
48

.5000
.3750

48
48

.5500
.3750

48
48
48
48

. 5000
. 4790
.3958
.5625

48
48
48
48

.5000
.4792
. 4271
.5938

48
48

.4479
.3750

48
48

.4583
. 4167

48
48
48

.4792
.4063
.5000

48
48
48

.5400
.4063
.5000

46
40

.5870
.5867

46
40

.5870
. 5867

48
48

.5104
.4063

48
48

.5450
. 4003

42
48
48
48

.5250
.5500
.4583
.4700

42
48
48
48

.5250
.5500
. 4792
.4900

48
48
48

.5208
.5000
.5500

48
45
48

.6222
.5778
.5500

45
45
45
48

.6333
.6222
.6833
.6250

45
45
45
48

.6333
.6222
.6833
. 6250

45
45
42

.6444
.5778
.7143

45
45
42

.6444
. 5778
.7500

U N I O N S C A L E OF W A G E S A N D H O U R S OF L A B O R , M A Y 15, 1913.
T a b le

139

I I . — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued,
PRINTING TRADES: Newspaper—Continued.
COMPOSITORS: Nightwork.
May 15, 1912.
City.

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Regular shift......................................................................
Lobster shift.................................................. ....................
Buffalo, N. Y ............................................................................
Manchester, N. H .....................................................................
Newark, N .J.:
English union.....................................................................
German union, compositors and linotype operators.......
New Haven, Conn...................................................................
New York, N. Y .:
English union.....................................................................
German union....................................................................
Hebrew union....................................................................
Hungarian union...............................................................
Italian union......................................................................
Philadelphia, P a.:
English union.....................................................................
English union, lobster shift..............................................
German union................................................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
English union.................................................................
German union.............................................................
Providence. R. I ...................................................................
Scranton, P a ........................................................................
South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...............................................................................
Baltimore, Md.:
English union...................................................................
German union..................................................................
Charleston, S. C.......................................................................
Jacksonville, Fla.......................................................................
Richmond, Va...................................................................
Washington, D. C.....................................................................
North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
English union.....................................................................
English union (makers up)..............................................
German union..................................................................
Norwegian-Danish union..................................................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
English union.....................................................................
German union....................................................................
Cleveland, Ohio......................................................................
Detroit, Mich............................................................................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
English union.....................................................................
English union (bankm en)...............................................
Kansas City, Mo....................................................................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
English union.....................................................................
German union................................................................
Minneapolis, Minn...................................................................
Omaha, Nebr........................................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
English union.................................................................
German union......................................
St. Paul, Minn............................................................
South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.....................................................................
Dallas, Tex...............................................................................
Little Roek, Ark........................................................
Louisville, Ky.:
English union.......................................................
German union.........................................
Memphis, Tenn.:
Sets advertisements, head men..............................
Journeymen....................................
New Orleans, La........................................




Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

May 15,1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

42
42
48
48

$0.6700
.7200
.5625
.4167

42
42
48
48

$0.6700
.7200
.5625
.4167

46
40
48

.6739
.5625
.5208

46
40
48

.6739
.5875
.5313

45
m
27
45
42

.7111
.7200
1.0370
.5556
.5119

45
37|
27
42
42

.7333
.7333
1.0741
.6190
.5476

46
42
40

.4783
.5238
.5500

46
42
40

.4783
.5238
.5750

48
48
45
48

.6000
.5313
.5556
.5000

48
48
45
48

.6000
.5313
.5556
.5417

48

.5000-

48

.5000

42
40
48
42
48
42

.5143
.4375
.3333
.5000
.3750
.6343

42
40
48
42
48
42

.5143
.4375
.3333
.4000
.3750
.6657

45
48
48
48

.6700
.6458
.5521
.6000

45
48
44
48

.6700
.6458
.6250
.6000

48
40
48
48

.5833
.5000
.6000
.5500

48
40
48
48

.5833
.5000
.6000
.6000

48
48
48

.5417
.5208
.5625

48
48
48

.5417
.5208
.5938

48
48
48
48

.5208
.4375
.5417
.5625

48
48
48
48

.5208
.4792
.6000
.5625

45
40
48

.6667
.6667
.5729

45
40
48

.6667
.6667
.6100

42
48
48

.5750
.6250
.5000

42
48
48

.5750
.6250
.5000

48
40

.5200
.4500

48
40

.5400
.4500

48
48
48

.6250
.5700
.6000

48 !
48
48 (

.6250
.5700
.6000

140
T a b le

B U L L E T IN

OF T H E

BUEEAU

OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PRINTING TRADES: Newspaper—Continued.
COMPOSITORS: Nightwork—Concluded.
May 15, 1912.
City.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Western.
Denver, Colo.............................................................................
Los Angeles, Cal.......................................................................
Portland, Oreg..........................................................................
Salt Lake City, Utah....................... ........................................
San Francisco, Cal.:
English union...................................................................
Foreign union.....................................................................
Seattle, Wash............................................................................

Rate of
wages per
hour.

May 15, 1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

45
45
45
48

SO.7000
.6889
. 7500
.6875

45
45
45
48

10.7000
. 6889
. 7500
.6875

45
45
42

.7111
.6444
.7857

45
45
42

.7111
.6444
. 8214

42

$0.6300

42

$0.6300

48
48
48
48
46
48

.5000
.3750
.4167
.3333
.6087
.4583

48
48
48
48
46
48

.5000
.3958
. 4583
.3542
. 6087
.4688

42
45
37§
36
45
48

.4762
.6444
. 6633
.7778
.5111
.4063

42
45
37i
36
42
48

.4762
. 6667
.6667
. 8056
.5714
.4375

48
40
48
48
48
48

. 4583
.5000
.5500
.4792
i .1100
.4583

48
40
48
48
48
48

. 4583
. 5250
. 5500
. 4792
1 .3100
. 471)2

48
42
48
48
48
42

i .0850
.5357
i .1000
i .0900
.4167
.5786

48
42
48
48
48
42

1 .0850
.5357
i .1000
1 .0900
.4167
.6071

48
48
48
48
48
47§

2.5000
.5000
.5000
.5000
.5000
.5244

48
44
48
48
48
47|

2.5000
. 5682
.5000
.5000
. 5000
.5244

LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Daywork.
North Atlantic.
!
Boston, Mass.............................................................................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
English union....................................................................
dp.rman iinirvn
Fall River, Mass.......................................................................
Manchester, N. H .....................................................................
Newark, N. J .................................. .........................................
New Haven, Conn....................................................................
New York, N. Y .:
Bohemian union................................................................
English union....................................................................
German union.....................................
Hebrew union....................................................................
Hungarian union...............................................................
Italian union......................................................................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
English union....................................................................
German union....................................................................
Pittsburgh, Pa..........................................................................
Providence, R. I ......................................................................
D o.......................................................................................
Scranton, Pa.............................................................................
South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...............................................................................
Baltimore, Md..........................................................................
Charleston, S. C........................................................................
Jacksonville, Fla......................................................................
Richmond, V a..........................................................................
Washington, D. C....................................................................
North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
English union....................................................................
German union....................................................................
Norwegian-Danish union..................................................
Polish union.......................................................................
Swedish union...................................................................
Cincinnati, Ohio.......................................................................
Cleveland, Ohio:
English union....................................................................
German union....................................................................
Hungarian union...............................................................
Detroit, Mich.:
English union....................................................................
English union....................................................................
German union....................................................................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
English union....................................................................
German union.................................................................... i
Kansas City, Mo....................................................................... !

|

48
48
45

.5375
. 4375
.4778

48
48
48

. 5375
. 4583
.5000

48
48
40

3 .2400
.5000
.5000

48
48
40

3.2400
. 5500
.5000

48
48
48

. 5000
.4583
.5625

48
48
48

.5000
.5000
. 5938

1 Per 1,000 ems, nonpareil.
2For 3,200 ems per hour; 55 cents for 5,000 ems and $0.0105 for each 100 ems over 5,000 ems.
3 For 100 lines, nonpareil.




U N IO N SCALE OF
T able

WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.

141

I I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PRINTING TRADES: Newspaper—Continued.
LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Bay work—Concluded.
May 15,1912.
City.

Hours of
labor per
week.

North Central-Concluded.
Milwaukee, Wis.:
English union....................................................................
German union....................................................................
Minneapolis, Minn....................................................................
Omaha, Nebr............................................................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
English union....................................................................
German union...................................................................
St. Paul, Minn.:
English union....................................................................
English union........................................... .........................
German union....................................................................
South Central.
Birmingham, A la.....................................................................
Do.......................................................................................
Dallas, Tex...............................................................................
Little Rock, Ark.......................................................................
Louisville, K y.: English union...............................................
Memphis, Tenn........................................................................
New Orleans, La.......................................................................

Rate of
wages per
hour.

May 15,1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

$0.4479
.4167
i .1000
.5000

48
48
48
48

$0.4583
.4375
i .1050
.5000

48
40

i .1100
.5867

48
40

i .1100
.5867

48
48
48

.5104
i .0900
.4063

48
48
48

.5450
1.1000
.4063

48
48
48
42
48
48
48

.5250
.5250
i .1250
i .0950
.4900
i .0950
i .1000

48
48
48
42
48
48
48

.5250
i .0900
i .1250
i .0950
.4900
i .0950
i .1000

45
45
45
48

.6333
.6222
.6833
i .1000

45
45
45
48

.6333
.6222
.6833
1 .1000

45
45
42

.6444
.5778
.7143

45
45
42

.6444
.5778
.7500

42
42

$0.6700
.7200

42
42

$0.6700
.7200

48
48
48
46
48

.5625
.4167
.4167
.6739
.5208

48
48
48
46
48

.5625
.4375
.4167
.6739
.5313

45
37i
27
45
42

.7111
.7200
1.0370
.5556
.5119

45
37i
27
42
42

.7333
.7333
1.0741
.6190
.5476

46
42

.5435
.5238

46
42

.5435
.5238

48
48
45
45
48

Western.
Denver, Colo.............................................................................
Los Angeles, Cal.......................................................................
Portland, Oreg..........................................................................
Salt Lake City, Utah...............................................................
San Francisco, Cal.:
English union....................................................................
Foreign union....................................................................
Seattle, Wash............................................................................

48
48
48
48

.6000
.5313
i .1200
.5556
.5208

48
48
45
45
48

.6000
.5313
i .1200
.5556
.5417

LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Nightwork.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Regular shift........
Lobster shift.........
Buffalo, N. Y .:
English union___
German union___
Manchester, N. H .......
Newark, N. J ..............
New Haven, Conn___
New York, N. Y.:
English union___
German union___
Hebrew union___
Hungarian union.
Italian union........
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Regular shift.........
Lobster shift.........
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
English union___
German union___
Providence, R. I .........
D o .........................
Scranton, Pa...............




i Per 1,000 ems, nonpareil.

142

B U L L E T IN

T able

OF T H E B U R E A U

OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
P R IN T IN G T R A D E S : Newspaper—Continued.
LIN O TYPE OPER ATO RS: Nightwork—Concluded.

May 15, 1912.
City.

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, (Ja...............................................................................
Baltimore, Md.:
English u n io n ...................................................................
German un ion...................................................................
Charleston, S. C........................................................................
Jacksonville, Fla......................................................................
Richmond, Va..........................................................................
Washington, D. C....................................................................
North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
English union....................................................................
German union...................................................................
Norwegian-Danish union.................................................
Swedish union...................................................................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
English union....................................................................
German union...................................................................
Cleveland, Ohio........................................................................
Detroit, Mich.:
English union....................................................................
English union.......................... ........................................
Indianapolis, In d .....................................................................
Kansas City, M o......................................................................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
English union....................................................................
German union...................................................................
Minneapolis, Minn...................................................................
Omaha, Nebr...........................................................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
English union....................................................................
German union...................................................................
St. Paul, Minn.:
English union....................................................................
German union...................................................................
South Central.
Birmingham, Ala ...................................................................
Dallas, T ex...............................................................................
Little Rock, Ark......................................................................
Louisville, Ky.:
English union....................................................................
German union...................................................................
Memphis, Tenn........................................................................
New Orleans, La.................................................. - ..................
Western.
Denver, Colo................................................ ...........................
Los Angeles, Cal.......................................................................
Portland. Oreg..........................................................................
Salt Lake City, Utah...............................................................
San Francisco, Cal.:
English union ..................................................................
Foreign union....................................................................
Seattle, Wash...........................................................................

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

May 15, 1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

18

i $0.1000

48

i $0.1000

42
40
48
42
48
42

.5714
.4375
i .1100
i .1000
. 4583
.6343

42
40
48
42
48
42

.5714
.4375
1.1100
i .1000
. 4583
.6657

48
48
48

2.5500
.5521
.5500

48
44
48
48

2 .5500
.6250
.5500
.5500

. 5833
.5000

48
40
48

. 5833
.5000
.6000

48
40
48

.6 6 0 0

48
48
48
48

3.2600
.5500
.5417
.5625

48
48
48
48

3 .2000
.6000
.5417
.5938

48
48
42
48

.5208
.4792
i . 1100
.5625

48
48
42
48

.5208
.5000
1 .1150
.5625

48
40

1 .1300
.6667

48
40

l .1300
. 6607

48
48

1.1000
.4688

48
48

l .1100
. 46SS

48
48
42

1 .1000
1 .1350
1 .1000

48
48
42

1 .1000
1 .1350
1 .1000

48
40
48
45

.5400
.4750
1 .1050
i .1200

48
40
48
45

.5400
. 4750
i .1050
i .1200

45
45
45
48

.7000
. (>889
. 7500
1 .1100

45
45
45
48

. 7000
. 6889
. 7500
1 .1100

45
45
42

.7111
. 0444
. 7S57

45
45
42

.7111
. 0444
.8214

1Per 1,000 ems, nonpareil.
2 For 3,200 ems per hour; 60 cents for 5,000 ems, and $0.0110 for each 100 ems over 5,000 ems.
3 For 106 lines, nonpareil.




UNION SCALE OF W A G E S A N D H O U R S OF LABOR, MAY 15, 1913.
T able

143

I I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PRINTING TRADES: Newspaper—Continued.
MACHINE TENDERS: Daywork.
May 15, 1912.
City.

Hours of
Rate of
labor per wages per
week.
hour.

May 15,1913.
Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass............................................................................
Buffalo, N. Y ...........................................................................
Fall River, Mass......................................................................
Manchester, N. H ....................................................................
New Haven, Conn...................................................................
New York, N. Y .:
5 to 8 machines..................................................................
13 or more machines..........................................................
Philadelphia, Pa......................................................................
Pittsburgh, Pa..........................................................................
Providence, R. I ......................................................................
Scranton, Pa.............................................................................

42
48
48
48
48

$0.6300
.5833
.4167
.5208
.4896

42
48
48
48
48

$0.6300
.5833
.4583
.5208
.5000

45
45
48
48
48
48

.5778
.6889
.4583
.6250
.4792
.4583

45
45
48
48
48
48

.5778
.6889
.4583
.6250
.4792
-4792

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...............................................................................
Jacksonville, Fla......................................................................
Richmond, V a..........................................................................
Washington, D. C ....................................................................

48
48
48
42

.5208
.4375
.4167
.5786

48
48
48
42

.5208
.4375
.4167
.6071

North Central.
Chicago, 111...............................................................................
Cincinnati, Ohio.......................................................................
Cleveland, Ohio........................................................................
Detroit,'Mich...........................................................................
Kansas City, M o......................................................................
Minneapolis, Minn...................................................................
Omaha, Nebr...........................................................................
St. Louis, Mo............................................................................
St. Paul, Minn..........................................................................

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
46
48

.6042
.5208
.5375
.4375
.6250
.4792
.5000
.5870
.5104

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
46
48

.6042
.5208
.5375
.4375
.6250
.5400
.5000
.5870
.5450

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.....................................................................
Dallas, Tex...............................................................................
Little Rock, Ark......................................................................
Louisville, Ky.:
14 to 18 machines...............................................................
19 to 25 machines...............................................................
Memphis, Tenn........................................................................
New Orleans, La......................................................................

42
48
48

.5250
.6250
.5000

42
48
48

.5250
.6250
.5000

48
48
48
42|

.6250
.6667
.5208
.5500

48
48
45
42!

.6250
.6667
.6667
.5500

Western.
Denver, Colo.................*..........................................................
Los Angeles, Cal.......................................................................
Portland, Oreg.........................................................................
San Francisco, Cal..................................................................
Seattle, Wash...........................................................................

45
45
45
45
42

.6333
.6222
.6833
.7111
.7143

45
45
45
45
42

.6333
.6222
.6833
.7111
.7500

42
42
48
48
48

$0.6700
.7200
.5833
.4792
.5833

42
42
48
48
48

$0.6700
.7200
.5833
.4792
.5938

45
45
46
48
45
48

.6889
.8000
.5435
.6250
.5556
.5208

45
45
46
48
45
48

.6889
.8000
.5435
.6250
.5556
.5417

MACHINE TENDERS: Nightwork.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Regular shift..................................
Lobster shift..................................
Buffalo, N. Y .......................................
Manchester, N. H ................................
New Haven, Conn...............................
New York, N. Y .:
5 to 8 machines..............................
13 or more machines......................
Philadelphia, Pa..................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.....................................
Providence, R. I ..................................
Scranton, Pa........................................




144
T able

B U L L E T IN

OF T H E

BUREAU

OF LABOR ST ATISTICS.

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued,
P R IN T IN G T R A D E S : Newspaper— Continued,
MACHINE T E N D E R S : Nightwork—Concluded.

May 15, 1912.
City.

May 15,1913.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...............................................................................
Charleston, S. C........................................................................
Richmond, V a..........................................................................
Washington, D. C....................................................................

48
42
48
42

$0.5729
. 8333
.4583
.6343

48
42
48
42

$0.5729
.8333
.4583
.6657

North Central.
Chicago, 111................................................................................
Cincinnati, Ohio......................................................................
Cleveland, Ohio........................................................................
Detroit, Mich............................................................................
Kansas City, Mo.......................................................................
Minneapolis, Minn...................................................................
Omaha, Nebr............................................................................
St, Louis, Mo............................
.....................................
.....................................
St. Paul, Minn.........................

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
45
48

.6458
.5833
.6000
.5000
.6250
.5417
.5625
.6667
.5729

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
45
48

.6458
.5833
.6000
.5000
.6250
.6000
.5625
.6667
.6100

Rate of
wages per
hour.

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.....................................................................
Dallas, Tex...............................................................................
Little Rock, Ark......................................................................
Louisville, Ky.:
14 to 18 machines...............................................................
19 to 25 machines...............................................................
Memphis, Tenn..............
.................................................
New Orleans, La......................................................................

42
48
48

.5750
.7292
.5833

42
48
48

.5750
. 7292
.5833

48
48
48
45

.6250
.6667
.6250
.6111

48
48
48
45

.6250
.6667
.6250
. 6111

Western.
Denver, Colo.............................................................................
Los Angeles, Cal.................
............... ' .....................
Portland, Oreg..........................................................................
San Francisco, Cal...................................................................
Seattle, Wash..................
.............................................

45
45
45
45
42

.7000
.6889
.7500
.7777
. 7857

45
45
45
45
42

. 7000
. 6S89
. 7500
. 7777
.8214

42
42
42

SO.5929
.5571
.4929

42
42
42

SO 5929
.
.5571
.4929

48
48
48
48
48

.5000
.3542
.3333
.2500
.4167

48
48
48
48
48

.5000
. 3750
. 3542
.2500
.5208

48
48

. 5833
.4792

48
48

.6250
.5000

54
54

.5556
. 3889

54
54

.5556
.3889

45
45

.6667
.5333

45
45

.6893
.5560

48
48
48

.5208
.3750
.3438

48
48
48

.5208
.3750
.3438

48
48
48
48
48

.4689
.4063
.4000
.4000
.3750

48
48
48
48
48

.4689
.4063
.4000
.4000
.3750

48
48
48

.4313
.4125
.5208

48
48
48

.4313
.4128
.5205

PRESSMEN, WEB PRESSES: Daywork.
North Atlantic.

Boston, Mass.:
Head pressmen............................................ .
Brakemen......................................................
Tension men. oilers, and platers..................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Head pressmen..................... ........................
Tension men..................................................
Oilers, platers, and brakemen.................... .
Floor m en .................................................... .
Fall River, Mass..................................................
Newark, N. J.:
Head pressmen..............................................
Tension men, floor men, oilers, and platers.
New Haven, Conn.:
Head pressmen..............................................
Journeymen...................................................
New York, N. Y .:
Head pressmen..............................................
Journeymen...................................................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Head pressmen............................................ .
Brakemen and tension men.........................
Oilers and platers, floor m en.......................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Head pressmen..............................................
First assistant................................................
Second assistant............................................
Third assistant..............................................
Fourth assistant............................................
Providence, R . I.:
Head pressmen..............................................
Brakemen, tension men, oilers, and platers.
Scranton, Pa.........................................................




U N IO N SCALE OF W A G E S A N D H O U R S OF LABOR, M A Y
T able

15, 1913.

145

I I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY" CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PRINTING TRADES: Newspaper—Continued.
PRESSMEN, WEB PRESSES: Daywork—Continued.
May 15, 1912.
City.

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Tension men......................................................................
Oilers, platers, and floor men...........................................
Baltimore, M d.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
First assistants................................................................
Second assistants............................................................. .
Charleston, S. C.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Assistant pressmen............................................................
Jacksonville, F la.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Brakemen and tension men.............................................
Oilers and platers..............................................................
Richmond, Va.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Assistant pressmen............................................................
Washington, D .C .:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Tension men......................................................................
Oilers and platers..............................................................
North Central.■
Chicago, 111.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Brakemen and tension men.............................................
Oilers and platers..............................................................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Tension men................................... ...................................
Oilers and platers..............................................................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Head pressmen.................................................................
Tension men and brakemen.............................................
Oilers and platers..............................................................
Detroit, Mich.:
Head pressmen............. ....................................................
Tension men......................................................................
Oilers and platers..............................................................
Floor men and fly m e n ....................................................
Indianapolis, Ind. :
Head pressmen..................................................................
Tension men and brakemen.............................................
Oilers and platers..............................................................
Riggers...............................................................................
Kansas City, M o.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Journeymen....................................... ...............................
Milwaukee, W is.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Journeymen.......................................................................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Head pressmen................................................................
Tension men......................................................................
Oilers and platers...........................................................
Omaha, Nebr.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Tension men......................................................................
Press assistants..................................................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Journeymen......................................... .............................
St. Paul, M inn.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Oilers and platers..............................................................
Tension men......................................................................




May 15,1913.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

48
48
48

S . 5000
O
.4375
.3750

48
48
48

S . 5000
O
.4375
.4375

48
48
48

.5000
. 3750
.3438

48
48
48

.5000
.3750
.3438

48
48

.4688
.2917

48
48

.4688
.2917

48
48
48

.3750
.3125
.2500

48
48
48

.3750
.3125
.2500

48
48

.4583
.2917

48
48

.4583
.2917

48
48
48

.4479
.3036
.2857

48
48
48

.4479
. 3036
.2857

48
48
48

.5000
.4375
.4063

48
48
48

.5000
.4375
.4063

48
48
48

.5000
.4375
.4063

48
48
48

.5000
.4375
.4063

48
48
48

.4688
.4000
.3281

48
48
48

.4688
.4000
.3281

48
48
48
48

.4792
.4063
.4063
.3750

48
48
48
48

.4792
.4063
.4063
.3750

48
48
48
48

.5208
.4167
.3958
.2917

48
48
48
48

.5208
.4375
.4063
.3333

48
48

.5000
.4375

48
48

.5000
.4375

48
48

.4375
.3963

48
48

. 4375
.3963

54
54
54

.4074
.3333
.2963

54
54
54

.4444
.3611
.3241

48
48
48

.3750
.3750
.2500

48
48
48

.3750
.3750
.2500

48
48

.5438
.4563

48
48

.5750
.4875

48
48
48

.4375
.3750
.3750

48
48
48

.4375
.3750
.3750

Rate of
wages per
hour.

146
T able

B U L L E T IN

OF T H E B U R E A U

OF LABOR STATISTICS.

II.-—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PRINTING TRADES: Newspaper—Continued.
PRESSMEN, WEB PRESSES : Daywork—Concluded.
May 15,1912.
City.

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.:
Head pressmen, weekly...............................................
Head pressmen...................................................................
Pressmen, weekly..............................................................
Pressmen............................................................................
Assistant pressmen, weekly.............................................
Assistar?t pressmen...........................................................
Dallas, Tex.:
Head pressmen...................................................................
Journeymen......................................................................
Little Hock, Ark.:
Head pressmen...................................................................
Pressmen............................................................................
Louisville, Ky.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Tension men......................................................................
Oilers and platers..............................................................
Memphis, Tenn.:
Head pressmen...................................................................
Journeymen......................................................................
New Orleans, La.:
Ilead pressmen...................................................................
Assistant foremen..............................................................
Second assistant foremen.................................................
Tension men.......................................................................
Brakemen...........................................................................
Oilers and platers..............................................................
Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Journeymen.......................................................................
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Head pressmen...................................................................
Tension men......................................................................
Journeymen.......................................................................
Portland, Oreg.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Journeymen.......................................................................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Journey men.......................................................................
San Francisco, Cal.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Tension men.......................................................................
Oilers and platers..............................................................
General utility men...........................................................
Seattle, Wash.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Journeymen.......................................................................

I

May 15,1913.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

48
48
48
48
48
48

$0.7292
.6250
.5000
.5000
.3438
.3438

48
48
48
48
48
48

SO 7292
.
.6250
.5000
.5000
.3438
.3438

48
48

.6250
.4375

48
48

.6250
.4375

48
48

.6250
.3438

48
48

.6250
.3438

48
48
48

.4375
. 3750
. 3750

48
48
48

.4375
.3750
.3750

48
48

. 5000
. 4375

48
48

.5000
.4375

48
48
48
48
48
48

.5357
. 3393
.3036
.3393
. 3036
. 2857

48
48
48
48
48
48

.5357
.3393
. 3036
.3393
.3036
.2857

48
48

.6250
.5000

48
48

.6250
.5000

48
48
48

.5833
.5521
.5208

48
48
48

.5833
.5521
.5208

48
48

.6875
.5313

48
48

.6875
.5313

48
48

.6250
.4688

48
48

.6250
.4688

45
45
45
45

.6889
.6067
.5667
.5267

45
45
45
45

.6889
.6067
.5667
.5267

48
48

.6250
.5625

48
48

. 625
.56?

36
36
36

$0.6917
.6500
.5750

36
36
36

$0.6917
. 6500
.5750

48
48
48
48

.5000
.3542
.3333
.2500

42
42
42
42

.5714
.4286
.4048
.2857

36
36

.5833
.6389 ;

36
36

.6250
.6667

R ate of
wages per
hour.

PRESSMEN, WEB PRESSES: Nightwork.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Head pressmen............................................
Brakemen.....................................................
Tension men, oilers, and platers.................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Head pressmen............................................
Tension men.................................................
Oilers, platers, and brakemen....................
Floor men....................................................
Newark, N. J.:
Head pressmen............................................
Tension men, floor men, oilers and platers.




U N IO N SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.

147

T able I I . — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PRINTING TRADES: Newspaper—Continued.
PRESSMEN, WEB PRESSES; Nightwork—Continued.
May 15, 1912.
City.

North Atlantic—Concluded.
New Haven, Conn.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Journeymen.......................................................................
New York, N. Y .:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Journeymen.......................................................................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Brakemen and tension men..... ........................................
Oilers and platers, floor men............................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Head pressmen........................... .......................................
First assistant....................................................................
Second assistant.................................................................
Third assistant..................................................................
Fourth assistant................................................................
Providence, R. I.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Brakemen, tension men, oilers, and platers....................
Scnwtnn, 7
Ja_....................... - r ____________
South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Tension men.....................................................................
Oilers, platers, and floor m en.........................................
Charleston, S. C.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Assistant pressmen....................... ....................................
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Head pressmen............................. ....................................
Brakemen and tension men..............................................
Oilers and platers.........................................................
Richmond, Va.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Assistant pressmen............................................................
Washington, D . C.:
Head pressmen...................................................................
Tension men......................................................................
Oilers and platers..............................................................
North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Head pressmen............................. .....................................
Brakemen and tension men..............................................
Oilers and platers..............................................................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Tension men......................................................................
Oilers and platers..............................................................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Tension men and brakemen.............................................
Oilers and platers..............................................................
Detroit, Mich.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Tension men......................................................................
Oilers and platers..............................................................
Floor men and flymen................... ...................................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Tension men and brakemen.............................................
Oilers and platers...............................................................
Riggers...............................................................................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Head pressmen................................................... ..............
Journeymen......................................................................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Journeymen.......................................................................




May 15,1913.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

36
36

$0.6944
.5000

36
36

$0.6944
.5000

38
38

.8158
.6579

38
38

.8421
.6842

48
48
48

.5208
.3750
.3438

48
48
48

.5208
.3750
.3438

48
48
48
48
48

.4689
.4063
.4000
.4000
.3750

48
48
48
48
48

.4689
.4063
.4000
.4000
.3750

42
42
48

.5196
.4714
.5208

42
42
48

.5196
.4714
.5208

48
48
48

.5000
.4375
.3750

48
48
48

.5000
.4375
.4375

48
48

.4688
.2917

48
48

.4688
.2917

48
48
48

.3750
.3125
.2500

48
48
48

.3750
.3125
.2500

48
48

.4583
.2917

48
48

.4583
.2917

48
48
48

.4911
.3036
.2857

48
48
48

.4911
.3036
.2857

42
42
42

.5714
.5000
.4643

42
42
42

.5714
.5000
.4643

48
48
48

.5000
.4375
.4063

48
48
48

.5000
.4375
.4063

42
42
42

.5357
.4571*
.3750

42
42
42

.5357
.4571
.3750

48
48
48
48

.4792
. 4063
.4063
.3750

48
48
48
48

.4792
.4063
.4063
.3750

48
48
48
48

.5208
.4375
.3958
.2917

48
48
48
48

.5521
.4688
.4375
.3646

48 'i
48 !
i
48
48 I

. 5000
.4375

48
48

.5000
.4375

.4375
.3963

48
48

.4375
.3963

148
T able

B U L L E T IN

OF T H E

BUREAU

OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PRINTING TR A D E S ; Newspaper— Continued.
PRESSMEN, W E B PR ESSES: Nightwork—Concluded.

May 15, 1912.
City.

Hours of
labor per
week.

North Central—Concluded.
Omaha, Nebr.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Tension men......................................................................
"Press assistants.....
_ . . _______________
St. Louis, Mo.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Journeymen.......................................................................
St. Paul, Minn.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Oilers and platers..............................................................
Tension m e n .....................................................................

May 15, 1913.

Rate of j Hours of
wages per j labor per
hour.
{ week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

48
48
48

$0.3750 1
.3750
.2500

48
48
48

$0.3750
.3750
.2500

45
45

.5800
.4867

45
45

.6133
.5200

48
48
48

.4375
.3750
.3750

48
48
48

.4375
.3750
.3750

48
48
48
48
48
48

.6250
.6250
.5000
.5000
.3438
.3438

48
48
48
48
48
48

.6250
.6250
.5000
.5000
.3438
.3438

48
48

.6250
.4375

48
48

.6250
.4375

48
48

.6667
.3646

48
48

.6667
.3646

43
43
43

.4883
.4186
.4186

43
43
43

.4883
.4186
.4186

48
48

.5000
.4375

48
48

.5000
.4375

48
48

.6250
.5000

48
48

.6250
.5000

42
42
42

. 6667
. 6310.
.5952

42
42
42

.6667
.6310
.5952

45J
45J

.7912
.5934

45J
45|

.7912
.5934

48
48

.6250
.5000

48
48

.6250
.5000

45
45
45
45

.6889
.6067
.5667
.5267

45
45
45
45

.6868
.6079
.5667
.5267

42|
42i

.7059
.6353

42|
42^

. 7059
. 6353

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Pressmen (weekly paper).................................................
Pressmen............................................................................
Assistant pressmen (weekly paper)..............................
Assistant pressmen............................................................
Dallas, Tex.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Pressmen............................................................................
Little Rock, Ark.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
.................................................................
Pressmen
Louisville, Ky.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Tension men......................................................................
Oilers and platers..............................................................
Memphis, Term.:
Head pressmen................................................................
Journeymen.......................................................................
Western.
Denver, ColoHead pressmen..................................................................
Journeymen....................................................................... ;
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Head pressmen................................................................. ;
Tension men...................................................................... j
Journeymen....................................................................... 1
Portland, Oreg.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Journeymen.......................................................................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Journeymen.......................................................................
San Francisco, Cal.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Tension men......................................................................
Oilers and platers..............................................................
General utility men...........................................................
Seattle, Wash.:
Head pressmen..................................................................
Journeymen.......................................................................




U N IO N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M A Y 15, 1913.

149

T a b l e I I . — UNION

SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Continued.
PRINTING TRADES: Newspaper—Continued.
STEREOTYPERS: Daywork.
May 15,1912.
City.

Hours of
labor per
week.

May 15,1913.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

Hours of
labor per
week.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass............................................................................
Buffalo, N. Y ...........................................................................
Fall River, Mass......................................................................
Newark, N. J ............................................................................
New Haven, Conn...................................................................
New York, N. Y ......................................................................
Philadelphia, Pa......................................................................
Pittsburgh, Pa..........................................................................
Providence, R. I ......................................................................
Scranton, Pa.............................................................................

42
48
48
48
56
48
48
48
42
48

$0.5714
.3750
.3854
.5313
.4732
.5625
.4063
.4500
.5000
.3958

42
48
48
48
56
48
48
48
42
48

$0.5952
.4063
.3854
.5625
.5089
.6250
.4375
.4688
.5714
.3958

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...............................................................................
Baltimore, M d..........................................................................
Jacksonville, Fla......................................................................
Richmond, V a..........................................................................
Washington, D. C....................................................................

48
48
48
48
45

.4375
.4375
.3750
.3542
.5333

48
48
48
48
45

.4375
.4688
.3750
.3542
.5333

North Central.
Chicago, 111......................................... ......................................
Cincinnati. Ohio................................ ......................................
Cleveland, Ohio................................... ....................................
Detroit, Mich....................................... ....................................
Indianapolis, In d .....................................................................
Kansas City, M o.......................................................................
Milwaukee^ Wis........................................................................
Minneapolis, Minn...................................................................
Omaha, Nebr...........................................................................
St. Louis, Mo............................................................................
St. Paul, Minn..........................................................................

46|
51
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.5806
.4412
.5000
.5000
.4688
. 5625
.4188
.4063
.4688
.5000
.4063

48
1 51
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

.5625
2.4706
.5000
.5000
.4688
.5625
.4375
.4063
.5000
. 5375
.4063

South Central.
Birmingham, A la................................ ....................................
Dallas, T ex...............................................................................
Little Rock, Ark................................... ....................................
Louisville, K y ....................................... ...................................
Memphis, Tenn........................................................................
New Orleans, La......................................................................

48
48
48
48
48
48

.4167
.4167
.4375
.4375
.5000
.3213

48
48
48
48
48
48

.4375
.4688
.4375
.4375
.5000
.3213

Western.
Denver, Colo.............................................................................
Los Angeles, Cal.......................................................................
Portland, Oreg..........................................................................
Salt Lake City, Utah............................ ...................................
San Francisco, Cal...................................................................
Seattle, Wash............................................................................

48
48
48
48
45
42

.5313
.5000
.5313
.5000
.6000
.6429

48
48
48
48
45
42

.5313
.5625
.5625
.5000
.6000
.6786

i 48 hours, October to March.




2$0.5000, October to March.

150
T able

B U L L E T IN

OP T H E

BUREAU

OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, MAY 15, 1912 AND 1913—Concluded.
PRINTING TRADES: Newspaper—Concluded.
STER E O TY PE R S: Nightwork.
May 15,1912.
City.

Hours of
labor per
week.

May 15,1913.

Rate of
Hours of
wages per labor per
week.
hour.

Rate of
wages per
hour.

North Atlantic.
Buffalo, N. Y ...........................................................................
Newark, N. J ............................................................................
New Haven, Conn....................................................................
New York, N. Y .....................................................................
Philadelphia, Pa.......................................................................
Scranton, T

%

. ....... ................................................

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga........................................................... ...................
Baltimore, M d.................................. .......................................
Jacksonville, Fla .....................................................................
Richmond, V a.........................................................................
Washington, I). C.....................................................................

36
45
48
36
38
48
48
42
42

.

SO.6667
. 4000
.5729
.6250
. 7237
.4063
.4500
.5000
.4524

36
45
48
36
38
48
48
42
42

$0.6944
.4333
. 5625
.6667
.7895
.4375
.4688
.5714
.4524

48
45
48
48
40f

.4688
. 4667
.3750
.3646
.5890

48
45
48
48
40f

.4688
.5000
.3750
.3646
.5890

m
45
43
48
48
48
48
44
48

.5806
.4839
.5333
.5698
.4688
. 5625
.4188
.4688
. 5455
.4063

48
46J
45
43
48
48
48
48
43
48

.5625
.5161
.5467
.5698
.4688
.5625
.4375
.5000
.5864
.4063

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala....................................................................
Dallas, T ex...............................................................................
Little Rock, Ark.............................. .......................................
Louisville, K y .........................................................................
Memphis, Tenn........................................................................
New Orleans, La..................................... ................................

48
48
48
48
48
48

.4167
.4479
.4375
.4375
.5000
.4000

48
48
48
48
48
48

.4375
.5000
.4375
.4375
.5000
.4000

Western.
Denver, Colo.............................................................................
Los Angeles Cal......................................................................
Portland, Oreg..........................................................................
Salt Lake City, Utah...............................................................
San Francisco, Cal...................................................................
Seattle, Wash............................................................................

48
48
48
48
45
42

.5313
.5000
.5313
.5000
.6000
.6429

48
48
48
48
45
42

.5313
.5625
.5625
.5000
.6000
.6786

North Central.
Chicago 111........................................................ .................
Cincinnati, Ohio......................................................................
Cleveland, Ohio........................................................... ............
Detroit, Mich............................................................................
Indianapolis, Ind ...................... .............................................
TTansas City, M o..............................................................
Milwaukee, w is........................................................................
Omaha, Nebr
.....................................................................
St. Louis, M o....................................... ...................................
St. Paul, Minn .................................................... ...................