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U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
ROYAL MEEKER, Commissioner

BULLETIN OF THE UNITED STATES\
(WHOLE 1 Q 1
BUREAU OF LABOR ST A T IST IC S/ * * * ( NUMBER
W AGES

AND

H OURS

OF

LA B O R

S E R IE S :

N o.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES
AND HOURS OF LABOR




MAY 1, 1915

MAY, 1916

WASHINGTON
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
1916

22




CONTENTS,
Page.

Summary.................................................................................................................... 5-10
Relative rates of wages and hours of labor.............................................................. 10-19
General indexes of union scale of wages and hours of labor and of retail prices
of food..................................................................................................................... 19-21
Table A.—Union scale of wages and hours of labor in each trade, by geographical
divisions and cities, on May 1,1915, and May 1,191^:..................................... 22-220
Appendix: Wages and hours of labor in printing and binding trades............. 221-295
Table 1.—Classified and average rates of wages per iiour in each occupation,
by cities, in 1915, from establishment pay rolls....................................... 224-277
Table 2.—Full-time hours of labor per week in each occupation, by cities,
in 1915, from establishment pay rolls........................................................ 278-295




3




BULLETIN OF THE

U. S. BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
WHOLE NO. 194.

W A S H IN G T O N .

MAY, 19.16.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR,
MAY 1, 1915.
SUMMARY.

This bulletin presents the union scale of wages and hours of labor
prevailing on May 1, 1915, in the principal trades and occupations in
47 important industrial cities in the United States. For purposes of
comparison, the scale on May 1, 1914, is given in parallel columns.
The figures cover 676,571 union members. In an appendix a tabula­
tion is given of the rates of wages and hour3 of labor in the printing
and binding trades in 26 cities, as drawn from the pay rolls of 179
representative establishments.
This is the fourth bulletin published by the Bureau of Labor Statis­
tics on the subject of union scales of wages and hours of labor. The
scale for 39 cities as prevailing on May 15 of each year from 1907 to
1912 was published in Bulletin No. 131. In Bulletin No. 143 was
published the scale for 40 cities on May 15, IL913, and in Bulletin No.
171 was published the scale for 41 cities on May 1, 1914.
In preceding bulletins the detail figures were presented in two
tables. In one table the scales were given for all trades covered in
each city, and in a second table the scales in all cities were assembled
for each particular trade. Thus the same figures, rearranged only,
appeared in the two tables. As a matter of economy in printing, the
detail figures of this report are published in but one general table
entitled:
Table A.—Union scale of wages and houis of labor in each trade,
by geographical divisions and cities, on May 1, 1915, and May 1,
1914.
Should all the figures for any particular city be desired they can be
assembled from the figures shown under each trade.
The trades and occupations covered are divided into 11 groups, as
follows:
Bakery trades.
Brewery and bottling-house workmen.
Building trades.
Chauffeurs, teamsters, and drivers.
Freight handlers.
Granite and stone trades.



Metal trades.
Millwork.
Printing and publishing: Book and job.
Printing and publishing: Newspaper.
Soft-drink establishment employees.
5

6

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

The 47 cities included in this report are located in 32 States. The
cities selected are generally the largest in their respective sections of
the country. Within these 47 cities live approximately one-fifth of
the total population, two-fifths of the urban population, and onethird of the total number of persons engaged in gainful occupations
(not including those in agricultural pursuits) in continental United
States.
The cities included are as follows:
North Atlantic division:
Boston, Mass.
^Bridgeport, Conn.
Buffalo, N. Y .
Fall River, Mass.
Manchester, N. H.
Newark, N. J.
New Haven, Conn.
New York, N. Y .
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburgh, Pa.
Providence, R. I.
^Rochester, N. Y .
Scranton, Pa.
*Worcester, Mass.
South Atlantic division:
Atlanta, Ga.
Baltimore, Md.
Charleston, S. C.
Jacksonville, Fla.
Richmond, Va.
Washington, D. C.
North Central division:
Chicago, 111.
Cincinnati, Ohio.
Cleveland, Ohio.
Detroit, Mich.

North Central division—Concluded.
*Grand Rapids, Mich.
Indianapolis, Ind.
Kansas City, Mo.
Milwaukee, Wis.
Minneapolis, Minn.
Omaha, Nebr.
*Peoria, 111.
St. Louis, Mo.
*St. Paul, Minn.
South Central division:
Birmingham, Ala.
Dallas, Tex.
^Houston, Tex.
Little Rock, Ark.
Louisville, Ky.
Memphis, Tenn.
New Orleans, La.
Western division:
Denver, Colo.
Los Angeles, Cal.
Portland, Oreg.
Salt Lake City, Utah.
San Francisco, Cal.
Seattle, Wash.
*Spokane, Wash.

The asterisks in the above list indicate the cities added since the
first report.
The several trades and occupations for which the union scale is
given in this bulletin are shown in the table next following.
A few trades not appearing in Bulletin No. 131 were added in
Bulletin No. 143. In Bulletin No. 171 the scope of the inquiry was
materially enlarged, four new groups of occupations being included:
Brewery and bottling-house workmen; chauffeurs, teamsters, and
drivers; freight handlers; and soft-drink' establishment employees.
In this bulletin composition roofers, composition roofers’ helpers,
elevator constructors, elevator constructors’ helpers, and slate and
tile roofers have been added.
The table that follows shows for each trade and for each year for
which data are available the per cent of increase in rates of wages per
week on full time in 1915, as compared with each of the eight years
preceding, in all cities covered, taken collectively.



UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.
T a b le

7

1.—PERCENT OP INCREASE IN RATES OF WAGES PER WEEK, FULL TIME, 1915
COMPARED WITH EACH OF THE EIGHT Y 3ARS PRECEDING;.
Per cent higher in 1915 than in Occupation.
1907

1909

1910

18

Bakery trades,
Ba'cers.........................................................

1908

15

i

12

1911

1912

1913

1914

Brewery and bottling-home workmen.
Bottlers.........................................................
Brewers.........................................................
Chauffeurs and drivers..................................
Coopers..........................................................
Elevator men................................................
Engineers......................................................
Firemen............... .........................................
Labelers, bottle beer.....................................
Laborers........................................................
Maltsters........................................................
Oilers.............................................................
Packers, bottle beer......................................
Stablemen.....................................................
Washers........................................................
Washhouse men.............................................
Watchmen.....................................................
Miscellaneous occupations.............................

8

(*
)

Building trades.
Bricklayers....................................................
Bricklayers, sewer and caisson..................... .
Building laborers.......................................... .
Carpenters..................................................... .
Carpenters, parquetry-floor layers................ .
Cement workers, finishers............................. .
Cement workers, finishers’ helpers.................
.Cement workers, laborers...............................
Composition roofers........................................
Composition roofers’ helpers........................ .
Elevator constructors.....................................
Elevator constructors’ helpers..................... .
Engineers, portable and hoisting.................. .
Hod carriers.................................................. .
Inside wiremen............................................. .
Inside wiremen, fixture hangers................... .
Lathers...........................................................
Marble-setters.................................................
Marble-setters’ helpers.................................. .
Painters..........................................................
Painters, fresco...............................................
Painters, sign................................................ .
Plasterers...................................................... .
Plasterers’ laborers........................................ .
Plumbers and gas fitters............................... .
Sheet-metal workers......................................;
Slate and tile roofers..................................... .
Steam fitters...................................................
Steam fitters’ helpers.............................. ____
Stonemasons................................................. .
Structural-iron workers................................ .
Structural-iron workers, finishers...................
Structural-iron workers, finishers’ helpers....
Tile layers..................................................... .
Tile layers’ helpers.........................................

(*
)

8U
.
1
1
1

8
(*
)
(*)

(*
)
(9)
(*)
8 .

C)
1

<>
*-

Chauffeurs, teamsters, and drivers.

<>
*

Chauffeurs......................................................
Teamsters and drivers...................................
Miscellaneous occupations................... ..........

(*)

Freight handlers.
Freight handlers............................................

(»
>

0)

<)
*

<
l)

(l)

(*
)

(*)

Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters...............................................
Stonecutters...................................................
* No data.
2 No change.




(*)
* Per cent lower in 1915 than in 1914.

8

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOB STATISTICS.

T able 1.—PER CENT OP INCREASE IN RATES OP WAGES PER W EEK, PULL TIME, 1915

COMPARED W ITH EACH OP THE EIGHT YEARS PRECEDING—Concluded.
Per cent higher in 1915 than i n Occupation.
1907
Metal trades.
Blacksmiths.............................................
Blacksmiths’ helpers................................
Boiler makers..........................................
Boiler makers’ helpers.............................
Core makers.............................................
Machinists................................................
Machinists’ helpers...................................
Metal polishers and buffers......................
Molders, iron............................................
Pattern makers, wood..............................
Millwork.
Carpenters................................................
Painters, hardwood finishers...................

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912

9
10
12
14
19
8
8 '

1914

0)

8,
8

?!

1913

8

8
(*)

8

8

8

*1
9

%

8

Printing and publishing: Book andjob,
Bookbinders.............................................
Compositors..............................................
Electrotypers:
Battery men and builders..................
Finishers and molders.......................
Machine^enders.......................................
Machinist operators..................................
Press feeders.............................................
Pressmen, cylinder...................................
Pressmen, platen................... ..................

0)

8

$

8 .

(?)

C)
1

Priming and publishing: 'Newspaper.
Compositors, daywork.............................
Compositors, nightwork...........................
Linotype operators, daywork..................
Linotype operators, nightwork...............,
Machine tenders, daywork.......................
Machine tenders, nightwork....................
Machinist operators, daywork..................
Machinist operators, nightwork...............
Pressmen, web presses, daywork.............
Pressmen, web presses, nightwork..........
Stereotypers, daywork.............................
Stereotypers, nightwork...........................

(*
)

8

Soft-drink establishment employees.
Bottlers....................................................
Chauffeurs and drivers..... ......................
Miscellaneous occupations........................
i No change.

* No data.

8Per cent lower in 1915 than in 1913.

The union scale, as the term is here used, is a definite statement,
either written or oral, of wages and hours of labor agreed to by an
organization of union men and an employer or group of employers,
and under which agreement union men actually are working. The
union scale usually fixes the limit in only one direction. It sets a
m i n i m u m wage and a maximum of hours for a regular day’s work.
This report shows such minimum wage and maximum hours as are
established by the agreed scale. In certain cities and trades, how­
ever, some workmen, and, in some few instances, all or nearly all
workmen, actually are paid more than the scale, and, in some
instances, employees work less than the scale hours. This report




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

9

does not include information concerning the extent to which work­
men are paid more than the scale or work fewer hours than the scale,
owing to the great amount of work that wculd be required to collect
such information. As a general rule the tnion scale represents the
prevailing wage of a locality for efficient labor.
It is sometimes found that a union has asked for a certain standard
scale but has not actually obtained it. Such proposed scales are
omitted from this report. No scale is published here unless it is so
far established that at least 50 per cent of the members of the union
are receiving the scale, or above it. Agreements sometimes provide
that old and infirm men may work for lesa than the scale. In this
report there are many more cases in which union members receive
more than the scale than cases where any members of the union are
•not receiving the scale. Some trades are not organized in certain
cities, and some are organized only in purt. When organized in
part, with a scale in force for such men as are organized, the scale
is published.
The union scales presented in this report are almost entirely timerate scales. Piece-rate scales are published for compositors, linotype
operators, and lathers only. These occupations have simple units of
payment which are commonly understood. Some trades, especially
the metal trades, work to a considerable extent on piece rates. Such
rates are so great in number and the units of payment so variable
that it is not practicable to quote them. The earnings at piece rates
usually exceed the full-time earnings at the time rates of the trade.
For localities where piece rates prevail almost exclusively and the
time rate provided for in the scale is only infrequently paid, such
time rate has not been tabulated.
The time scales as originally reported state wages for different
units of time. Under some scales the rates of wages are by the hour,
others by the day, and others by the week. To make comparison
easy, the varying rates have been reduced to both an hourly rate and
a weekly rate.
The general table showis the rates of wagesi and hours of labor, the
increase over the regular rate for overtime, Sunday, and holiday
work, and the number of months in the you* in which there was a
Saturday half holiday. When for a period of more than three months
of a year the number of hours differed from those shown for May,
the difference has been noted in the table.
The information here published was obtained by special agents of
the bureau by personal visits to business agents and secretaries of
the respective unions in the several cities. Wage scales, written
agreements, and trade-union records were consulted wherever avail­
able. The field work involved an interview vdth the officials of 1,689




10

BULLETIN OF THE BUBEATX OF LABOB STATISTICS.

local unions here represented. In many instances two or more calls
had to be made before the official sought could be met.
Scales for apprentices are not shown, but scales for helpers are
given in a number of trades. In some trades the work of helpers is
performed in part by apprentices. Whenever it was found that the
work of helpers is largely done by apprentices, the scales for such
helpers have been omitted.
An inspection of the general table shows a great variation for some
occupations in trade terms and classifications in the different cities.
For example, bakers in some cities are classed as first hands, second
hands, and third hands; in other cities as mixers, benchmen, oven
men, etc. In many cities there are separate unions and scales of
bakers baking different kinds of bread, as ordinary bread (often
known as German bread), Hebrew bread, Italian bread, etc. The
difference in occupation name makes a comparison between cities
very difficult. Further inquiry has shown that the terms first hand,
second hand, etc., do not cover identical work in different cities
where these terms are used. Certain work may be considered first­
hand work in one city and second-hand work in another city. Of
necessity, this bureau has followed the terminology of each city,
but it is suggested that the wage figures here published would be of
far greater service to the unions, the employers, and the general
public as well if the national organization of all the locals would
adopt a standard classification of bakeries and of bakery trade or
occupation terms. There are great variations in classification and
in the extent of subdivision in bookbinding and in presswork, making
comparison of city with city quite difficult; and similar conditions,
less in degree, are found in several other trades.
RELATIVE RATES OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR.

To show for all cities taken collectively the changes that have
occurred from year to year a table of relative numbers has been
computed for each trade included in the report, covering each year
back to 1907 or as far back as the bureau has figures. These relative
numbers are simply percentages indicating the per cent that the
actual figures for each year were of the actual figures for 1915. In
this table the wages per hour, the regular working hours per week,
and the rates of wages per week on full time for 1915 were taken as
the basis, or 100. Thus, in the table that follows, the average rate
of wages per week on full time for all bakers in 1907 was 82 per cent
of what it was in 1915. In 1908 it was 85 per cent of what it was
in 1915, etc.
These relative numbers were computed from the actual wages and
hours in all the localities covered. Figures were not used from such




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUKS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

11

unions as did not have comparable data for at least two consecutive
years. The actual wages and hours for each city were weighted
(multiplied) by the number of members in the union in such city,
and the products for the several cities were added together, producing
aggregate wages and hours for the trade in each of the several years.
From these aggregates the relative numbers) were derived.
It should be kept clearly in mind that the relative numbers in
Table 2 are percentages—not actual hours o r amounts of money. In
studying this table the three parts thereof should be observed. Thus,
referring again to bakers for illustration, it is seen that the relative
hours decrease from 112 in 1907 to 100 in 1915, and that the relative
rates of wages per hour increase from 74 in 1907 to 100 in 1915. The
reduction in hours in part offsets the increase in the wages per week,
making the increase in the relative rates of wages per week from 82
in 1907 to 100 in 1915.
A caution is given as to the use of these relative numbers. A
subtraction of relative numbers does not represent the per cent of
increase or decrease between the different years. For example, the
relative rate of wages per week of bakers in 1907 was 82 as compared
with 100 in 1915, making an increase of 18 points in the relative
number. Eighteen is 22 per cent of 82, thus making the increase in
1915 over 1907, 22 per cent, as shown in Table 1.
T able 2.—RELATIVE HOUKS OF LABOR PER WEEK AND RELATIVE RATES OF

WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK ON FUI.L TIME, 1907 TO 1915.
Brewery and bottling-house workmen.
Bilkers. ■
Bottlers.
Year.

1907
1903
1909
1910
1S11
1912
1913.......................................
1914.......................................
1915.......................................

Rela­ Rela­ Rela­ Bela*
tive
tive
tive
tive
full­ rate of rate of full­
wages time
time wages
per
hours
week, hours
per
per
per
full
hour.
week.
time. week.
112
111
111
110
107
102
101
100
100

74
77
80
84
87
93
97
99
100

82
85
87
89
92
94
97
99
100

101
101
100

Brewers.

Rela­ Rela­
Relitive
tiv) rate of tive
full­
rate of wages time
per
wag)s
per
week, hours
per
full
hour.
time. week.

{4
{•
7
1(0

94
97
100

101
101
100

RelaRela­
tive
tive rate of
rate of wages
wages
per
per
week,
hour.
full
time.

97
99
100

97
99
100

Brewery and bottling-house workmen—Continued.
Chauffeurs and drivers.
1913.......................................
1914.......................................
1915.......................................




100
100
100

97
99
100

97
99
100

Elevator men.

Coopers.
100
100
100

99
100
100

99
100
100

118
110
100

84
91
100

99
100
100

12

BULLETIN OP THE BTJBEATJ OF LABOB STATISTICS.
2*-BELATIVE HOTJBS OF LABOB PEB WEEK AND BELATIVE BATES OF
WAGES PEB HOTJB AND PEB WEEK ON FULL TIME, 1907 TO 1915-Continued.

T a b le

Brewery and bottling-house workmen—Continued.
Firemen.

Engineers.
Year.

1913
1914
1915

Labelers, bottle beer.

Kela- Bela* Bela; Rela­ Bela* Bela- Bela- Bela* Bela*
tive
tive
tive
tive
tive
tive
tive
tive
tive
full­ rate of rate of full­ rate of rate of full­ rate of rate of
wages time
wages time
wages
time
per
per
per
hours wages week, hours wages week, hours wages week,
per
per
per
per
per
per
hour.
hour.
full
full
full
hour.
week.
time. week.
time. week.
time.
101
100
100

97
99
100

97
99
100

100
100
100

97
99
100

97
99
100

103
103
100

93
95
100

95
97
100

Brewery and bottling-house workmen—Continued.
Laborers.
1913.
1914.
1915.

100
100
100

98
99
100

Maltsters.
98
99
100

112
108
100

87
91
100

Oilers.
97
98
100

100
100
100

96
98
100

96
98
100

Brewery and bottling-house workmen—Continued.
Packers, bottle beer.
1913.
1914..
1915..

105
105
100

94
96
100

98
100
100

Stablemen.
100
100
100

95
99
100

Washers.
96
99
100

101
101
100

99
100
100

98
99
100

Brewery and bottllng-house workmen—Concluded.

1913..
1914..
1915..

101
101
100

97
98
100

Miscellaneous occupa­
tions.

Watchmen.

Washhouse men.
98
99
100

100
100
100

99
100
100

98
99
100

100
100
100

95
96
100

95
96
100

Building trades.
Bricklayers, sewer and
caisson.

Bricklayers.

1907.
1908.
1909..
1910..
1911..
1912..
1913..
1914..
1915.




103
103
103
101
101
101
101
100
100

93
93
93
95
95
96
98
100
100

95
95
95
95
95
96
98
100
100

100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100

Building laborers.
103
103
103
100
100
100
100
100
100

90
90
90
94
94
95
99
100
100

94
94
94
95
95
96
100
101
100

V N I O N SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

13

2^-RELATIVE HOURS OF LABOR PER WEEK AND RELATIVE RATES OF
WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK ON FULL TIME, 1907 TO 1915—Continued.

T a b le

Building trades—Continued.
Carpenters, parquetryfloor layers.

Carpenters.
Year.

"1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.

Rela­ Rela­ Rela­ Rela­
tive
tive
tive
tive
full­ rate of rate of full­
wages time
time wages
per
hours
per
week, hours
per
per
hour.
full
week.
time. week.
102
101
101
101
100
100
100
100
100

89
90
91
94
95
97
98
99
100

90
91
92
94
95
97
98
99
100

100
100
100

Cement workers, fin­
ishers.

Relar
Rela­
Rela­
tive
tive
tive rate of full­
rate of wages time
per
wages
per
week, hours
per
full
hour.
time. week.

94
100
100

103
102
103
103
102
102
101
100
100

93
99
100

Rela*
Rela­
tive
tive rate of
rate of wages
per
wages
week,
per
full
hour.
time.
89
89
92
93
96
96
98
99
100

92
91
94
95
98
98
99
99
100

Building trades—Continued.
Cement workers, fin­
ishers’ helpers.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.

101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

87
91
92
98
98
99

100
100

93
99
99
100
100
100

Cement workers, labor­
ers.
103
102
102
101
101
101
101
100
100

84
83
94
96
96
96
100
100
100

Composition roofers.

84
95
96
97
97
100
100
100

100
100

98
100

100

Building trades—Continued.
Composition roofers’
helpers.
1914.......................................
1915.......................................

100
100

100
100

Elevator constructors.

100
100

101
100

100
100

Elevator constructors’
helpers.

99
100

101
100

99
100

100
100

BnUding trades—Continued.
Engineers, portable and
hoisting.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.




101
100
100
100

96
99
100
100

97
99
100
100

Hod carriers.
104
104
103
103
102
101
101
100
100

93
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100

Inside wiremen.
95
96
96
97
97
97
98
99
100

102
102
102
101
101
101
101
101
100

84
89
90
91
92
93
95
98
100

86
90
91
92
93
94
93
99
100

14

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able 2.—RELATIVE HOURS OF LABOR PER WEEK AND RELATIVE RATES OF

WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK ON FULL TIME, 1907 TO 1915—Continued.




15

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915.
T a b le 2 *
—RELATIVE

HOURS OF LABOR PER WEEK AND RELATIVE RATES OF
WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK ON FULL TIME, 1907 TO 1915—Continued.
Building trades—Continued.
Steam fitters* helpers.

Steam fitters.
Year.

1907.......................................
1908.......................................
1909.......................................
1910.......................................
1911.......................................
1912.......................................
1913.......................................
1914.......................................
lflis_____________________

Rela­ Rela­ Rela­
tive
tive
tive
full­ rate of rate of
wages
time
per
hours wages week,
per
per
hour.
full
week.
time.
103
103
103
102
102
101
101
100
100

83
84
86
89
92
93
96
98
100

85
86
88
90
93
94
97
98
100

Rela­
tive
full­
time
hours
per
week.
100
100
100
99
99
99
99
100
100

Stonemasons.
! Rela­
Rela­
tive
tive rate of
rate of wages
wages
per
per
week,
hour.
full
time.

Rela­
Rela­
tive
tive rate of
rate of wages
per
wages
per
week,
hour.
full
time.

Rela­
tive
full­
time
hours
per
week.

81
82
82
88
90
93
95
97
100

102
102
102
101
100
100
100
100
100

80
81
82
89
89
92
95
97
100

89
90
90
91
92
93
96
99
100

91
92
92
91
92
93
96
99
100

Building trades—Continued.
Structural-iron workers. Structural-iron workers, Structural-iron workers,
finishers.
finishers’ helpers.
1907
1908.......................................
1909.......................................
1910.......................................
1911.......................................
1912.......................................
1913.......................................
1914.......................................
lam_____________________

104
103
103
♦102
102
101
100
100
100

85
87
88
W
93
95
98
100
100

89
89
90
93
95
96
99
100
100

i

100
100
100
100

96
98
100
100

96
98
100
100

1912
1913.......................................
1914......................................
1915............. .......................

101
100
100
100

94
99
99
100

Tile layers’ helpers.
96
100
100
100

103
102
102
100

94
96
97
100

97
99
100
100

98
99
100
100

Chauffeurs, teamsters,
and drivers.

Building trades—Concluded.
Tile layers.

100
100
100
100

95
97
98
100

Chauffeurs.

101
101
100

98
99
100

9
&
100
100

Chauffeurs, teamsters, and drivers—Concluded.
oecupaMiscellaneous <
tions.

Teamsters and
drivers.
1913
1911.......................................
1915.......................................




101
101
100

97
99
100

97
99
100

100
100
100

99
100
100

99
100
100

Freight handlers.

100
100
100

97
100
100
i

97
100
100

16

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

TABLE 2.—RELATIVE HOURS OF LABOR PER WEEK AND RELATIVE RATES OP

WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK ON FULL TIME, 1907 TO 1915—Continued.
Granite and stone trades.
Granite cutters.
Year.

Metal trades.

Stonecutters.

Blacksmiths.

Rela­ Rela­ Rela­ Rela­ Rela­ Rela­ Rela­ Rela­ Rela­
tive
tive
tive
tive
tive
tive
tive
tive
tive
full­ rate of rate of full­ rate of rate of full­ rate of rate of
wages time
wages time
wages
time
per
per
per
hours wages week, hours wages week, hours wages week,
per
per
per
per
per
per
hour.
full
hour.
full
hour.
full
week.
time. week.
time. week.
time.
102
102
102
101
101
101
100
100
100

90
91
92
93
93
94
99
100
100

92
92
94
94
95
96
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

92
92
92
93
93
93
95
99
100

91
91
91
92
92
92
95
99
100

103
103
102
102
101
101
100
100
100

86
88
90
93
93
95
98
100
100

-

89
91
92
95
94
96
98
100
100

Metal trades—Continued.
Blacksmiths’ helpers.
103
103
102
102
101
101
100
100
100

79
86
87
92
92
93
96
97
100

82
90
91
95
95
95
97
98
100

Boiler makers.
101
101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Boiler makers’ helpers.

86
87
88
87
88
89
93
93
98 • 98
99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100

102
102
101
100
100
100
100
100
100

86
86
86
89
92
98
99
100
100

88
88
88
90
93
99
100
100
100

Metal trades—Continued.
Machinists.

Core makers.
1907 ...................................
1908.......................................
1909.......................................
1910.......................................
1911 .....................................
1912.......................................




103
103
102
102
101
101
100
100
100

82
82
83
87
92
93
99
100
100

84
84
84
88
92
93
99
100
100

103
103
103
103
102
101
101
100
100

89
89
90
94
95
96
98
100
100

Machinists’ helpers.
92
93
93
97
98
98
99
100
100

100
100
100

100
100
100

100
100
100

Metal trades—Concluded.
Metal polishers and
buffers.

100
100
100

99
99
100

100
100
100

Molders, iron.
102
102
102
101
101
101
100
100
100

88
88
88
92
94
94
99
100
100

Pattern makers, wood.
89
89
89
92
94
94
99
100
100

105
104
104
103
102
102
101
100
100

86
88
90
92
94
95
99
100
100

90
92
94
95
96
97
100
100
100

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

17

T able 2.—RELATIVE HOURS OF LABOR PER WEEK AND RELATIVE RATES OF

WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK ON FULL TIME, 1907 TO 1915-Continued.
Printing and publishing:
Book and job.

Miliwork.
Painters, hardwood
finishers.

Carpenters.
Year.

Rela­ Rela­ Rela­ Rela­ Rela­ Rela­ Rela­ Rela­ Rela­
tive
tive
tive
tive
tive
tive
tive
tive
tive rate of
full­ rate of rate of full­ rate of rate of full­
wages time
wages time rate of wages
time
per
per
per
hours wages week, hours wages week, hours wages week,
per
per
per.
per
per
per
full
full
hour.
full
week. hour. time. week. hour.
time.
time. week.
i

1907.......................................
1908.......................................
1909.......................................
1910.......................................
1911.......................................
1912.......................................
1913.......................................
1914.......................................
1915.......................................

Bookbinders.

104
104
100
100

96
97
99
100

100
101
99
100

101
101
100
100

92
93
97
100

91
92
96
100

I'll
101
101
100
100
100
100
100
100

83
92
93
94
96
97
99
100
100

92
93
94
94
96
97
99
100
100

Printing and publishing: Book and job—Continued.
Electrotypers: Battery
men ana builders.

Compositors.
1907.......................................
1908.......................................
1909.......................................
1910.......................................
1911.......................................
1912.......................................
1913.......................................
1914.......................................
1915.......................................

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

88
88
88
92
94
96
97
99
100

87
87
87
91
93
95
97
99
100

103
102
102
101
100
100
100
100
100

78
78
78
83
88
90
92
97
100

79
79
80
83
88
90
92
97
100

Electrotypers: Finish­
ers and molders.
105
104
104
101
100
100
100
100
100

83
83
84
86
91
92
94
98
100

86
86
86
87
91
92
94
98
100

Printing and publishing: Book and job—Continued.
Linotype operators.
1907.......................................
1908.......................................
1909.......................................
1910.......................................
1911.......................................
1912.......................................
1913.......................................
1914.......................................
1915.......................................

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

91
91
91
93
94
96
99
100
100

91
91
91
93
94
96
99
100
100

Machine tenders.

100
100
100
100

98
100
100
100

98
100
100
100

Machinist operators.

100
100
100

99
100
100

99
100
100

Printing and publishing: Book and job—Concluded.
Press feeders.
1907.......................................
1908.......................................
1909.......................................
1910.......................................
1911.......................................
1912.......................................
1913.......................................
1914.......................................
1915.......................................

I ll
101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

79
87
89
90
94
95
97
100
100 .

30061°— B u ll. 194— 16-------2




Pressmen, cylinder.
87
88
89
90
94
95
97
100
100

107
102
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

81
85
92
93
95
97
98
100
100

86
86
93
93
95
97
98
100
100

Pressmen, platen.
106
102
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

87
89
93
94
96
97
99
100
100

91
91
93
94
96
97
99
100
100

18

BULLETIN OF THE BUBEAU OF LABOR STATISTICS,
2.—RELATIVE HOURS O F LABOR PER WEEK AND RELATIVE RATES OF
WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK ON FULL TIME, 1907 TO 1915-Continued.

T a b le

Printing and publishing: Newspaper.
Compositors, daywork. Compositors, nightwork.
Year.

1915.......................................

Linotvpe operators,
laywork.

Rela­ Rela­ Rela­ Rela­ Rela­ Rela­ Rela­ Rela­ Rela­
tive
tive
tive
tive
tive
tive
tive
tive
tive
full­ rate of rate of full­ rate of rate of full­ rate of rate of
wages
wages time
wages time
time
per
per
per
hours wages week, hours wages week, hours wages week,
per
per
per
per
per
per
full
full
full
week. hour. time. week. hour. time. week. hour. time.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

88
88
89
91
94
96
98
99
100

88
88
89
91
94
96
98
99
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

91
91
92
94
95
96
98
99
100

93
93
94
96
97
98
99
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

89
91
91
93
94
96
98
99
100

90
92
92
94
95
96
98
99
100

Printing and publishing: Newspaper—Continued.
Linotype operators,
daywork (piecework).
1907.
190$.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.

100
100
100
100

Linotype operators,
htwork.
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

1101

uoo

1100
u oo

92
93
93
94
95
97
98
99
100

94
94
95
96
97
98
99
100

Iinot;

100
100
100
100

ktors,

1101
1100
1100
1100

Printing and publishing: Newspaper—Continued.
Machine tenders,
daywork.
1912.......................................
1913.......................................
1915.......................................

100
100
190
100

98
99
99
100

Machine tenders,
nightwork.

99
100
100
100

100
100
100
100

99
99
99
100

Machinist operators,
daywork.

100
100
100
100

100
100
100

100
100
100

100
100
100

Printing and publishing: Newspaper—Continued.
Machinist operators,
nightwork.
1907..
1908..
1909..
1910..
1911..
1912..
1913..
1914...
1915..




100
100
100

100
100
100

100
100
100

Pressmen, web presses, Pressmen, web presses,
daywork.
nightwork.
102
101
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

87

94

100

1Based on price per 1,000 ems, nonpareil.

93
94
96
98
99
100

101
101
101
100
100
100
100
100
100

94
94
95
96
96
97
99
100
100

93
94
95
95
96
98
99
100

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR, MAT 1,1915.

19

TABLE 8.—RELATIVE HOUE8 OF LABOR PER WEEK AND RELATIVE RATES OF

WAGES PER HOUR AND PER WEEK ON FULL TIME, 1907 TO 1915-Conduded.
Printing and publishing: Newspaper—
Concluded.
Stereotypers,
daywork.
Year.

1907.......................................
1908.......................................
1909.......................................
1910.......................................
1911.......................................
1912.......................................
1913.......................................
1914.......................................
1915.......................................

Rela­ Rela­
tive
tive
full­
time rate of
wages
hours
per
per
week. hour.
102
101
101
100
100
100
100
100
100

86
88
$9
91
92
94
99
100
100

Soft-drink establish­
ment employees.

Stereotypers,
nightwork.

Rela­ Rela­
tive
Rela­
tive
rate of full­
tive
wages time rate of
per
wages
week, hours
per
per
hour.
full
time. week.
87
89
90
92
92
93
99
100
100

101
101
101
100
100
100
100
100
100

Bottlers.

Rela­ Rela­
Rela­
tive
Rela­ tive
tive
rate of full­
tive rate of
wages time rate of wages
per
per
hours wages week,
week,
per
per
full
hour.
full
time. week.
time.

90
91
91
92
92
93
99
100
100

90
91
91
92
92
93
99
100
100

101
101
100

96
97
100

96
97
100

Soft-drink establishment employees—Concluded.
Chauffeurs and drivers.
1913.......................................
1914.......................................
1915.......................................

100
100
100

98
99
100

98
99
100

Miscellaneous
occupations.
101
101
100

92
97
100

92
97
100

GENERAL INDEXES OF UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS
OF LABOR AND OF RETAIL PRICES OF FOOD.

A table is now presented showing index numbers for union scales
for all of the trades and occupations in the several industries covered,
taken as a whole. Also in the table there are presented index num­
bers for retail prices of food, in order that the change in wages and
hours of labor and of retail prices of food may be compared from year
to year.
The union scale indexes are computed from the s c a l e s appearing in
this and preceding bulletins on the subject. The method of compu­
tation is the same as that used in computing the relative numbers for
each of the several occupations.
The food price index is based on the retail prices of the principal
articles of food as published in Bulletin 197 and earlier bulletins
concerning retail prices. An investigation made by the bureau in
1901 showed that the expenditure for food constituted at that time
about 43 per cent of the total expenditure of the workingman’s
family.




20

BULLETIN OP THE BTJBEATJ OF LABOB STATISTICS.

Table 3.—INDEX NUMBERS OF UNION WAGE KATES AND HOURS OF LABOR, AND OF
RETAIL PRICES OF FOOD, 1907 TO 1916.
(1915-100.)
Bates of Full-time Rates of Retail
wages
hours per week, prices
wages
per hour. per week. fulltime. of food.

Year.

1907..........................
1908..........................
1909..........................
1910..........................
1911..........................
1912..........................
1913..........................
1914..........................
1915..........................

87
89
90
92
94
95
97
99
100

103
103
102
102
101
101
101
100
100

90
91
91
93
94
96
98
99
100

81
83
87
91
90
96
98
101
100

The table above shows an advance in the retail prices of food
considerably greater than in rates of wages per hour and in full-time
weekly wages. Rates of wages per hour advanced from a relative
of 87 in 1907 to 100 in 1915, an increase of 15 per cent. Retail
prices of food advanced from a relative of 81 in 1907 to 100 in 1915,
an advance of 23 per cent. The advance in weekly wages between
1907 and 1915 was less than in rates of wages per hour, because of
the reduction of hours during the period.
From the basic figures used in the preparation of the above table,
another table has been prepared, presenting indexes of the purchas­
ing power of wages as expended for food. As wages advance more
food can be bought by wages if food remains the same in price. If
food advances and wages remain stationary, the quantity of food
purchasable by wages diminishes, and if wages and food advance in
an equal extent, the amount of food purchased by wages remains
the same. These statements are axiomatic but need to be kept
clearly in mind in studying the following table. While wages and
food have both advanced between 1907 and 1915, the advance in the
retail price of food has been greater, hence the diminishing purchas­
ing power of wages shown in the table.
T able 4 .-IN D E X NUMBERS OF PURCHASING POWER OF UNION WAGES AS MEAS­
URED IN FOOD, 1907 TO 1918.




(1915-100.)
power measured in reioail prices of
food.
Year.
Of rates of
wages per
hour.
1907..................................
1908................................ :
1909..................................
1911..................................
1913..................................
1914..................................
1915..................................

Of rates of
wages per
week, full
time.

108
107
103
101
103
99
99
99
100

I ll
109
105
102
104
100
100
99
100

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

21

In the preparation of the above indexes of rates of wages, hours of
labor, and retail prices of food, the numbers were extended to one
decimal place for closer accuracy in computation, but in the table
published the decimals of the indexes have been dropped, so that the
indexes appear as whole numbers. An index number, however, is, as
before stated, a percentage computed from the actual figures for each
year compared with the base year. In the preceding table 1915 is
made the base.
As some readers may desire to start with 1907 as the base year and
make comparison of each later year therewith, two tables of index
numbers computed from the same basic figures are given with 1907
taken as the base or 100.
Table 5.—INDEX NUMBERS OF UNION WAGE RATES AND HOURS OF LABOR, AND OF

RETAIL PRICES OF FOOD, 1907 TO 1915.
(1907=100.)
Rates of
Rates of Full-time wages per Retail
wages hours per
week, prices of
per hour. week. fulltime. food.

Year.

1907..........................
1908..........................
1909..........................
1910..........................
1911..........................
1912..........................
1913..........................
1914..........................
1915..........................

100
101
102
105
107
109
111
114
114

100
100
99
99
98
98
98
97
97

100
101
102
104
105
107
109
111
112

100
103
108
113
112
119
122
125
124

Table 6.—INDEX NUMBERS OF PURCHASING POWER OF UNION WAGES AS MEASURED




IN FOOD, 1907 TO 1915.
(1907-100.)
Purchasing power, meas­
ured by retail prices of
food—
Year
Of rates of
wages per
hour.
1907..................................
1908..................................
1909..................................
1910..................................
1911..................................
1912..................................
1913..................................
1915..................................

Of rates of
wages per
week,
fulltime.

100
99
95
93
95
91
91
91
92

100
98
94
92
94
90
90
89
90

22

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

Table A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914.
BAKERY TRADES.
BAKERS.
May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Geographical division and city.

May 1,1914.
Rate of

Hours of
labor—

ber
Sun­
of
mos.
days
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by-

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Benchmen...................
Foremen or first hands
Second hands..............
Hebrew bread—
Benchmen............
Foremen or first hands..
Second hands
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Benchmen...........
Foremen, 3 or more men....
Foremen, less than 3 m en...
Second hands...
Hebrew bread—
Benchmen..
Foremen___
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Hand bakeries—
Benchmen, daywork...
Benchmen, nightwork..
Oven men, daywork—
Oven men, nightwork..
Machine bakeries—
Benchmen, daywork.. .
Oven men, daywork—
Polish bread—
Benchmen...................
Oven men...................
Third bands................
Newark, N. J.:
Hand bakeries—
Benchmen...................
Oven men, 2 and 3
man shops................
Oven men, 4-man shops.
Third hands, 3-man
shops.........................
Third hands, 4-man
shoi

Cts. DoUs.
25.0 15.00
30.0 18.00
26.7 16.00

1
1
1

1
1
1

10
10
10

60
60
60

37.5 18.00
50.0 24.00
41.7 20.00

1
1
1

»1
U
U

8
8
8

48
48
48

......

10
10
10

60
60
60

37.5 18.00
50.0 24.00
41.7 20.00

8
8
8

48
48
48

29.6 16.00
38.9 21.00
35.2 19.00
31.5 17.00

(2
)
V
2)
(2)
(2)

2
2
2
2

9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54

29.6 16.00
38.9 21.00
35.2 19.00
31.5 17.00

9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54

29.6
35.2

16.00
19.00

<?)
(2
)

il
il

9
9

54
54

29.6 16.00
35.2 19.00

9
9

54
54

31.5 17.00
33.3 18.00
35.2 19.00
37.0 20.00

(3)
V/
(v
(v

2
1
2
1

9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54 ........

31.5 17.00
33.3 18.00
35.2 19.00
37.0 20.00

9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54

17.00
19.00

(*)
h

2
2

9
9

54
54

31.5
35.2

17.00
19.00

9
9

54
54

25.0 15.00
30.0 18.00
23.3 14.00

M
(*)

1
1
1

10
10
10

60
60
60

25.0 15.00
30.0 18.00
21.7 13.00

10
10
10

60
60
60

29.6

31.5
35.2

0)

1

9

54

29.6

16.00

9

54

33.3 *18.00
35.2 19.00

(4
)

1
1

9
9

54
54

33.3 18.00
35.2 19.00

9
9

54
54

25.9 j 14.00

0)

1

9

54

25.9

14.00

9

54
54
54

16.00

27.8 1 15.00
25.9 14.00

(4
>
(<>

1
1

Machine bakeries—
Oven men and mixers. 35.2 19.00 w
1
Oven men’s helpers... 33.3 18.00 <*)
1
Hebrew bread—
Benchmen, daywork.. 43.1 22.00 (5)
•1
Benchmen, nightwork. 45.1 23.00 (5)
•1
Oven men, daywork... 47.1 24.00 (5)
•1
Oven men, nightwork. 51.0 26.00 (6)
•1
New Haven, Conn.:
Hand bakeries—
First hands................. 37.0 20.00
Second hands.............. 31.5 17.00 (4
w
Machine bakeries—
First hands.................. 37.0 20.00 (4
)
Second hands.............. 29.6 16.00
(<>
* Allowed Labor Day and Hebrew holidays off, with pay.
*35 cents per hour.
*40 cents per hour.




Cts. Doth.
25.0 15.00
30.0 18.00
26.7 16.00

9
9

54
54

27.8
25.9

15.00
14.00

9
9

9
9
gi
81
83
8*

54
54

35.2
33.3

19.00
18.00

9
9

54
54

51
51
51
51

43.1
45.1
47.1
51.0

22.00
23.00
24.00
26.00

8§
8*

51
51
51
51

9
9

54
54

37.0 20.00
31.5 17.00

9
9

54
54

9
9

9
54
37.0 20.00
54
9
54
54 ....... 29.6 I 16.00
•50 cents per hour.
• 60 cents per hour.
•Work on Labor Day prohibited.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR, M A Y 1, 1915.

23

T a b l e A .— UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES—Continued.
BAKERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half- hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

Geographical division and city.

May 1,1914.

North Atlantic—Continued.
New Haven, Conn.—Concluded.
Hebrew bread—
Cts. Dolls.
as. Dolls.
First hands................... 38.3 23.00
38.3 23.00
Second hands.............. . 31.7 19.00 m
31.7 19.00
)
Third hands................ .
17.00 (2
28.3 17.00
New York. N. Y .:
T
TftnH bakeries—
First hands, union A ,
Bronx........................ 30.0 18.00 (*
1
30.0 18.00
)
First hands, union B,
Brooklyn.................. 33.3 18.00 <)
1
33.3 18.00
<
First hands, union C,
Manhattan and Bronx 37.0 20.00 0)
37.0 20.00
1
Second hands, union A,
Bronx........................ 25.0 15.00 (*)
1
25.0 15.00
Second hands, union B,
B rooklyn............... 27.8 15.00 0
1
27.8 15.00
Second hands, union C,
Manhattan and Bronx 31.5 17.00 0)
1
31.5 17.00
Third hands, union A,
Bronx........................ 23.3 14.00 (8
1
23.3 14.00
)
Third hands, union B,
Brooklyn................... 25.9 14.00 (*)
1
25.9 14.00
Third hands, union C,
Manhattan and Bronx 27.8 15.00 (l>
27.8 15.00
1
Third hands, union E,
Manhattan, East Side 25.9 14.00 (*)
1
25.9 14.00
Benchmen, union D,
Manhattan................. 29.6 16.00 (*)
1
29.6 16.00
Benchmen, union E,
29.6 16.00
Manhattan, East Side 29.6 16.00 O
1
)
Benchmen, union F,
29.6 16.00
Manhattan, West Side 29.6 16.00 (*)
1
Foremen, union D,
Manhattan................. 35.2 19.00 (*)
35.2 19.00
(•
)
Foremen, union E,
35.2 19.00
Manhattan, East Side 35.2 19.00 («)
1
Foremen, union F,
35.2 19.00
Manhattan, West Side 35.2 19.00 (#
u
)
Helpers, union D, Man­
25.9 14.00
hattan....................... 25.9 14.00 (*)
1
Helpers, union F, Man­
25.9 14.00
hattan, West Side___ 25.9 14.00 (*)
u
Machine bakeries—
29.6 16.00
Benchmen.................... 29.6 16.00 (l)
(l)
Oven men, spongers,
37.0 20.00
and mixers................ 37.0 20.00 (•
) (6)
Bohemian bread—
35.3 18.00
35.3 18.00
81
First hands...................
31.4 16.00
*1
Second hands............... 31.4 16.00
25.5 13.00
*1
Fourth hands9............. 25.5 13.00
« 30 cents per hour.
140 cents per hour.
* 50 cents per hour.
"
* 35 cents per hour.
h
<
8 35 cents per hour. Allowed Labor Day i For holidays; for Sunday, 50 cents per hour.
* For Sunday; holidays on, with full pay.
and Hebrew holidays off, with pay.
* Scale makes no provision for third hands.
445 cents per hour.




60

60
54
54
60
54
54
60
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
51
51
51

24

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES—Continued.
BAKERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.
Rate of wages—

Hours of
labor—

May 1, 1914.
Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time.
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byNorth Atlantic—
Continued.
New York, N. Y.—Concluded.
Hebrew bread—
First hands, union G, a s. Dolls.
a1
Bronx........................ 52.9 27.00 (l)
51
8*
First hands, union I,
Manhattan................ 54.9 28.00 < )
*1
51
Si
8
First hands, union J,
Manhattan................. 54.2 26.00 (8)
*1
8
48
First hands, union K,
Manhattan, East Side. 54.9 28.00 O)
1
51 ........
8*
Second hands, union G,
Qi
Bronx........................ 45.1 23.00 0 )
51
°2
Second hands, union I,
Manhattan................ 49.0 25.00 (°)
*1
51
H
Second hands, union J,
Manhattan................. 41.7 20.00 (*)
*1
8
48
Second hands, union K,
Manhattan, East side. 47.1 24.00 0 )
1
51 ........
8*
Third hands, union G,
21
Bronx........................ 41.2 21.00 O)
51
H
Third hands, union G,
Brooklyn................... 39.2 20.00 (*)
*1
51
si
Third hands, union H,
Kings........................ 43.1 22.00 (3
51
*1
Si
)
Third hands, union I,
Manhattan................ 45.1 23.00 (’ )
Sh
51
*1
Third hands, union K,
Manhattan, East Side. 43.1 22.00 0 )
1
8*
51 .......
Fourth hands, union I,
21
Manhattan................ 25.5 13.00 00
51
8*
Benchmen, union G,
Brooklyn................... 47.1 24.00 <
*1
51
3)
H
Benchmen, union H,
K in g s...................... 49.0 25.00 (8)
*1
51
Si
Oven men, union G,
Brooklyn................... 54.9 28.00 (*)
*1
51
Si
Oven men, union H,
Kings........................ 56.9 29.00 (3
U
8|
51
)
Helpers, union K, Man­
1
1
51
hattan. East Side...... 23.5 12.00
Si
Italian bread—
1
1 10
61
First hjynflg................... 26.2 16.00
1
1 10
61
Second
............... 19.7 12.00
1
1 10
Third hands.................. 16.4 10.00
61
Scandinavian bread—
u
1 10
60
First bfvnds................... 30.0 18.00
ll
1 10
Second hands............... 26.7 16.00
60
60
1 10
Third hands.................. 21.7 13.00
1i
160 cents per hour.
2 Allowed all Hebrew holidays of!, with pay.
3Work prohibited.




a s. Dolls.
52.9 27.00

8*

51

54.9 28.00

8*

51

66.7

8

48

8*

51

32.00

51.0 26.00
45.1 23.00

8*

51

49.0 25.00

8£

51

54.2 26.00

8

48

43.1 22.00

8*

51

41.2 21.00

*i

51

39.2 20.00

H

51

43.1 22.00

Si

51

45.1 23.00

Si

51

39.2 20.00

Si

51

25.5

13.00

Si

51

47.1 24.00

Si

51

49.0 25.00

Si

51

54.9 28.00

Si

51

56.9 29.00

Si

51

23.5

12.00

Si

51

26.2
19.7
16.4

16.00
12.00
10.00

10
10
10

61
61
61

30.0
26.7
21.7

18.00
16.00
13.00

10
10
10

60
60
60

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1 , 1915.

25

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES—Continued.
BAKERS—^Continued.
May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

May 1,1914.
Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
days
Over- and
with
holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
day. time.
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied

by-

North Atlantic—Concluded.
Philadelphia. Pa,:
First hands or foremen.. . .
Oven men or mixers.......... .
Second hands or benchmen
Third hands........................
Hebrew bread—
Foremen or oven men..
Second hands or mixers.
Third hands................ .
Fourth hands.............. <
Pittsburgh, Pa,:
Benchmen......................... .
Foremen............................ .
Oven men and mixers....... .
Helpers.............................. .
Hebrew bread—
First hands...................
Second hands.............. .
Third hands................ .
Fourth hands.............. .
Polish bread—
Foremen.......................
Second hands.............. .
Third hands........ .
Providence, R. I.:
Hebrew bread—
Foremen...................... .
Second hands.............. .
Third hands..................
Rochester, N. Y .:
Benchmen......................... .
Foremen, 5 or more men_
_
Foremen, 4 men or less........
Oven men and mixers.........
Second hands (large shops)
or jobbers
Scranton, Pa.:

Cts.
33.3
30.0
25.0
20.0

DU.
o*
20.00

18.00
15.00
12.00

46.3 25.00
40.7 22.00
33.3 18.00
24.1 13.00
29.6 16.00
37.0 20.00
33.3 18.00
24.1 13.00
51.0
43.1
39.2
35.3

26.00
22.00
20.00
18.00

39.2 20.00
33.3 17.00
29.4 15.00
38.6 22.00
35.1 20.00
29.8 17.00
29.6
46.3
37.0
35.2

16.00
25.00
20.00
19.00

33.3 18.00
29.6 16.00

25.0 15.00
Foremen.
33.3 20.00
Oven men...................
30.0 18.00
Mixers.........................
28.3 17.00
Molders, machine........
23.3 14.00
Worcester, Mass.:
Benchmen...................
25.0 15.00
Foremen......................
33.3 20.00
Bakers working alone.
30.0 18.00
Second hands..............
17.00
140 cents per hour.
2No scale in 1914.
•30 cents per hour.
<Work prohibited.
« Allowed all Hebrew holidays off, with pay.
*70 cents per hour.




1
1
1
1
#
1
«1
*1
•
1
1
1
1
1
n
u
n
u
l
l
i

•l
U
2
H
2
H
2
12
1
M
2
u2
U
2
12
1
U2
12
1
U
2
1
1
1
1

Cts. Dolls.

S . l£lo

25.0 15.00
20.0 12.00

60

49.0
43.1
35.3
25.5

25.00
22.00
18.00
13.00

51
51
51
51

29.6
37.0
33.3
24.1

16.00
20.00
18.00
13.00

54
54
54
54

51.0
43.1
39.2
35.3

26.00
22.00
20.00
18.00

51
51
51
51

39.2 20.00
33.3 17.00
29.4 15.00

51
51
51

38.6 22.00
35.1 20.00
29.8 17.00

57
57
57

29.6
46.3
37.0
35.2

16.00
25.00
20.00
19.00

54
54
54
54

33.3
29.6

18.00
16.00

54
54

25.0
33.3
30.0
28.3
23.3

15.00

20.00

18.00
17.00
14.00

60
25.0 15.00
33.3 20.00
30.0 18.00
........ |28.3 17.00
60
7For Sunday; for holidays, $1 per nour.
*50 cents per hour.
» 45 cents per hour.
1 35 cents per hour.
0
1 For holidays; for Sunday, no increase in rate.
1

26

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OP LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES—Continued.
BAKERS—Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
days
Geographical division and city*
Over­ and
with
time. holt
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half- hour. full full full
hour. full
day.
holi'
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
bySouth Atlantic.
Baltimore, Md.:
Hebrew bread—
Foremen and oven men.
Mixers......................
Third hands.............
Polish bread—
First hands..............
Second hands...........
Third hands.............
Washington, D. C.:
Hand bakeries................
Machine bakeries............

Cts.
40.4
35.1
28.1

a*. DoUs.
38.6 22.00
33.3 19.00
26.3 15.00

DolU.
23.00
20.00
16.00

1}
if
ll

1
1
1

9J
9*
9*

57
57
57

35.1 20.00
29.8 17.00
21.1 12.00

1
1
1

U
U
»1

9*
91
9}

57
57
57

36.1 19.50
40.6 19.50

if

1
1

9
8

54
48

36.1 19.50
40.6 19.50

9
8

(*)
(*)

(*)
<7
(*)

94
9$
9}
(*)
0

57
57
57
W
(*)
(*)
54
48

North Central.
Chicago, 1
11.:
Hand bakeries—
Foremen, spongers, and
oven men,daywork.. 37.0 20.00 (*)
<1
Foremen, spongers, and
oven men. nightwork. 40.7 22.00 («)
<1
<1
Second hands, daywork 33.3 18.00 (•)
Second hands, n ig h twork.......................... 37.0 20.00 (*)
<1
41
Third hands, daywork.. 27.8 15.00 («)
41
Third hands, nightwork 31.5 17.00 (*)
Machine bakeries—
Foremen, spongers, and
41
oven men, daywork.. 41.7 20.00 (•)
Foremen, spongers, and
41
oven men, nightwork. 45.8 22.00 (*)
41
Second hands, daywork 37.5 18.00 (*)
Second hands, n ig h t
41
work.......... ; ............ 41.7 20.00 <*)
Bohemian bread—
Spongers and oven men,
41
daywork.................... 37.0 20.00 (*)
Spongers and oven men,
41
nightwork.................. 40.7 22.00 (*)
41
Second hands, daywork 33.3 18.00 (•)
Second hands, n ig h t­
41
work.......................... 37.0 20.00 (I)
41
Third hands, daywork. 29.6 16.00 M
41
Third hands, nightworl 33.3 18.00 (*)
Hebrew bread—
41
Foremen....................... 51.0 26.00 (*)
41
Second hands.............. . 45.1 23.00 (*)
41
41.2 21.00 (•)
Third hands................ .
Polish bread—
Foremen, spongers, and
41
oven men,daywork.. 37.0 20.00 (*)
Foremen, spongers, and
41
oven men, nightwork. 38.9 21.00 <*)
i Work on Easter, Labor Day, and Christmas prohibited.
*Not organized on May 1,1914.
*75 cents per hoar.




9

54

37.0 20.00

9

54

9
9

54
54

40.7 22.00
33.3 18.00

9
9

54
54

9
9
9

54
37.0 20.00
54
27.8 15.00
54 ........ 31.5 17.00

9
9
9

54
54
54

8

48

41.7 20.00

8

48

8
8

48
48

45.8 22.00
37.5 18.00

8
8

48
48

8

48

41.7 20.00

8

48

9

54

37.0 20.00

9

54

9
9

54
54

40.7 22.00
33.3 18.00

9
9

54
54

9
9
9

54
54
54

37.0 20.00
29.6 16.00
33.3 18.00

9
9
9

54
54
54

8*
8*
8*

51
51
51

51.0 26.00
45.1 23.00
41.2 21.00

8*
89
8}

51
51
51

9

54

37.0 20.00

9

54

54
9
54
38.9 21.00
4For Sunday: do not work on holidays.
*50 cents per hour.

9

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OP LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

27

T a b l e A .— UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES—Continued.
BAKERS—Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.
Bate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Sun­
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
and
time. holiPer
Per
ays. Per week,
Per week.
full full
hour. full
day. time.
time.
Hourly rate
multiplied

Hours oi
labor—

Num­
ber
of
mos.
with
Per
Per
day Per week, Per week,
full full
half- hour. full
day. time.
holi­
time.
days.

*y
>—

North Central—Continued.
Chicago. HI.—Concluded.
Cts. Dolls.
Polish bread—Concluded.
Second hands, daywork 33.3 18.00 <
* *1
>
Second hands, n ig h twork.......................... 35.2 19.00
*1
Third hands, daywork. 29.6 16.00
*1
Third hands, nightwork 31.5 17.00
*1
Scandinavian bread—
Foremen, spongers, and
oven men, daywork.. 37.0 20.00 (*)
*1
Foremen, spongers, and
oven men, nightwork. 40.7 22.00
*1
Second hands, day work 33.3 18.00 8
U
Second hands,nightwork.......................... 37.0 20.00
*1
Third hands, daywork. 29.6 16.00
*1
Third hands, nightwork 33.3 18.00
*1
Cincinnati. Ohio:
Hand bakeries—
27.8 15.00
Benchmen................
1
35.2 19.00
Foremen..................
I
Oven men and m ixers.. 31.5 17.00
1
22.2 12.00
Third hands.............
1
Helpers.....................
18.5 10.00
1
Machine bakeries—
33.3 16.00
Benchmen................
<
ii
Oven men and m ixers.. 37.5 18.00
22.9 11.00
Helpers.....................
Cleveland, Ohio:
35.3 18.00
«i
First hands.....................
31.4 16.00
Second hands..................
«i
27.5 14.00
Third hands....................
«i
Bohemian bread—
37.5 18.00
First hands...............
42
35.4 17.00
Second hands...........
*2
31.3 15.00
Third hands.............
<
2
Hebrew bread—
Benchmen, daywork.. . 41.7 20.00
8
1
Benchmen, nightwork.. 43.8 21.00
«1
8
1
Oven men, daywork.... 50.0 24.00
8
1
Oven men, nightwork.. 52.1 25.00
31.5 17.00
8
1
Helpers, daywork. . .
8
1
31.5 17.00
Helpers, nightwork..
*50 cents per hour.
* For Sunday; do not work on holidays,
s 75 cents per hour.
< For holidays; for Sunday, no increase in rate.
* 40 cents per hour.
8Work on Labor Day prohibited.
i No scale in 1914.
8 Allowed Labor Day and Hebrew holidays off, with pay.
960 cents per hour.




CtS. Dolls.
33.3 1 0
&0

54

35.2 19.00
29.6 16.00
31.5 17.00

54
54
54

37.0 20.00

54

40.7 22.00
33.3 18.00

54
54

37.0 20.00
29.6 16.00
18.00

54
54
54

25.9
33.3
29.6
20.4
18.5

14.00
18.00
16.00
11.00
10.00

54
54
54
54
54

16.00
18.00

48
48
48

37.5
22.9

11.00

&
24.1

13.00

< 54
7>
.
54

35.3
33.3
29.4

18.00
17.00
15.00

51
51
51

39.6
39.6
47.9
47.9
29.6
29.6

19.00
19.00
23.00
23.00
16.00
16.00

48
48.
48
48
48
48

&

28

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T ab l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES—Continued.
BAKERS—Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1 ,1915.
Rate of wages—

Hoursof
labor—

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Pa- week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time.
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byNorth Central—Continued.
Detroit, Mich.:
Cts.
a s . DoUs.
Benchmen........................... 33.3 17.00
51
33.3
Foremen, oven men, and
mixers.............................. 37.3 19.00
37.3
51
Hebrew bread—
Foremen, 2 ovens, day­
45.1
work.......................... 49.0 25.00
51
Foremen, 2 ovens,
nightwork.................. 51.0 26.00
51
47.1
Foremen, 1 oven, day­
work.......................... 45.1 23.00
41.2
51
Foremen, 1 oven, night­
work.......................... 47.1 24.00
43.1
51
Second hands, daywork. 39.2 20.00
51
35.3
Second hands, night­
work........................ . 41.2 21.00
51
37.3
31.4
Third hands, daywork. 35.3 18.00
51
33.3
Third hands,nightwork 37.3 19.00
51
Indianapolis, Ind.:
57
Benchmen, daywork.......... 26.3 15.00
25.0
25.0
57
Benchmen, nightwork........ 26.3 15.00
57
26.7
Foremen, daywork............. 31.6 18.00
57
Foremen, nightwork.......... 31.6 18.00
30.0
57
Third hands, daywork...... 21.1 12.00
20.0
Third hands, nightwork... 21.1 12.00
20.0
57
Kansas City, Mo.:
Hand bakeries—
?2
37.0
Benchmen..................... 37.0 20.00
12
Foremen, 2 or more men 50.0 27.00
50.0
72
40.7
Oven men or spongers.. 40.7 22.00
72
Drawers....................
38.9
21.00
Machine bakeries—
72
41.7 20.00
41.7
Benchmen................
72
Foremen, 2 or more men. 56.3 27.00
56.3
Oven men, spongers, or
72
45.8
mixeiis.... f.
. . . . .. , 45.8 22.00
72
43.8
Drawers........................ 43.8 21.00
Milwaukee, Wis.:
101
28.1
Benchmen........................... 28.1 16.00
10 1
31.6
Foremen and oven men...... 31.6 18.00
10 1
26.3
Third hands....................
26.3 15.00
Hebrew bread—
28.1
28.1 16.00
1
Benchmen................
33.3
1
Foremen and oven men. 33.3 19.00
22.8
1
Third hands.............
24.6 14.00
140 cents per hour.
2For Labor Day, double time.
* 55 cents per hour.
450 cents per hour.
& cents per hour.
45
650 cents per hour for first 5 hours; 75 cents per hour thereafter.
1 Work on Labor Day prohibited.
s 70 cents per hour for first 5 hours; 95 cents per hour thereafter.
9 30 cents per hour.
For Sunday; do not work on holidays.




Dotts.
17.00

8i

51

19.00

Si

51

23.00

8*

51

24.00

8i

51

21.00

8i

51

22.00
18.00

4

51
51

19.00
16.00
17.00

8£
8*
8|

51
51
51

15.00
15.00
16.00
18.00
12.00
12.00

10
10
10
10
10
10

60
60
60
60
60
60

20.00
27.00
22.00
21.00

9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54

20.00
27.00

9
9

54
54

22.00
21.00

54
54

16.00
18.00
15.00

9
9
91
9*
9§

57
57
57

16.00
19.00
13.00

n
9*
%

57
11
C
7

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAT

1,1915.

29

T a b l e A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES—Continued.
BAKERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.
Hours of
labor—

Rate 0! wages—

Rate of
wages—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
days
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per
Per week,
full full half- hour.
hour. full
day.
time.
time. holi­
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by-

Hours of
labor—

Per
Per
week, Per week,
full
full day. full
time.
time.

North Central—Concluded.
Cts. Dolls.
29.6 16.00
31.5 17.00

W
(*)

1
1

9
9

54
54

a s. Dons.
29.6 16.00
31.5 17.00

35.2 19.00

0)

1

9

54

35.2 19.00

9

54

37.0 20.00

(2
)

1

9

54

37.0

20.00

9

54

33.3 18.00

0)

1

9

54

33.3

18.00

9

54

35.2 19.00

<*)

1

9

54

35.2 19.00

9

54

28.3 17.00
36.7 22.00

b)

1
1

10
10

60
60

28.3 17.00
36.7 22.00

10
10

60
60

29.6
27.8
25.9

16.00
15.00
14.00

(*)
(2)
(2)

(*)
b)
(*)

9
9
9

54
54
54

29.6
27.8
25.9

16.00
15.00
14.00

9
9
9

54
54
54

33.3
44.4
40.7
Oven men or spongers........ 37.0
St. Louis, Mo.:
Hand bakeries—
Benchmen...........
29.6
Foremen..............
35.2
Machine bakeries—
Benchmen..................... 29.6
40.7
35.2
Oven men or spongers.. 35.2
Oven mens’ or spongers’
31.5
.Hell
22.2

18.00
24.00
22.00
20.00

(2)
m
(2)
(2)

2
2
2
2

9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54

31.5 17.00
42.6 23.00
38.9 21.00
35.2 19.00

9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54

16.00
19.00

(»)

1

9
9

54
54

29.6 16.00
35.2 19.00

9
9

54
54

16.00
22.00
19.00
19.00

(8)
(8)
(3)
W

1
1
1
1

9
9
9
9

29.6 16.00
40.7 22.00
(4)
19.00
&

9
9
9

54
54
(4)
54

17.00
12.00

W

1
1

9
9

54
54
54
54 ........
54
54

31.5
22.2

17.00
12.00

9
9

54
54

15.00
17.00

(*)
b)

1
1

9
9

54
54

27.8
31.5

15.00
17.00

9
9

54
54

46.3 25.00
38.9 21.00
35.2 19.00

00
M
(*)

1
1
1

9
9
9

54
54
54

46.3 25.00
38.9 21.00
35.2 19.00

9
9
9

54
54
54

31.5 17.00
37.0 20.00
33.3 18.00

00
bj
b)

1
1
1

9
9
9

54
54
54

31.5
37.0
33.3

9
9
9

54
54
54

Minneapolis, Minn.:
Benchmen, daywork..........
Benchmen, nightwork........
Foremen, 1 or more men
daywork...........................
Foremen, 1 or more men,
nightwork........................
Foremen, working alone,
daywork...... •
•••••••••••<
Foremen, working alone*,
nightwork..... ..................
Hebrew bread—
Benchmen....................
Foremen.......................
Omaha, Nebr.:
First hands.........................
Second hands...................
Third hands........................
Peoria, HI.:
Benchmen...........................

Benchmen..
Foremen............
Hebrew bread—
Foremen............
Second hands....
Third hands.......
St. Paul, Minn.:
Benchmen................
Foremen..................
Oven men................

27.8
31.5

17.00
20.00
18.00

9
9

54
54

South Central*
Dallas, Tex.:
First hands....
Second hands..
Third hands...
140 cents per hour.




40.7 22.00
37.0 20.00
33.3 18.00 M
250 cents per hour.

54
9
54
9
M
54
9
b)
i 60 cents per hour.

38.6 22.00
91
35.1 20.00
31.6 18.00
9§
* No scale in 1914.

57
57
57

30

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T able

BAKERY TRADES—Continued.
BAKERS—Continued.
May 1, 1915.

May 1,1914.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

South Central—Concluded.
Louisville, K y.:
Benchmen.........................
Mixers................................
Oven men..........................
Memphis, Tenn.:

Cts. DoUs.
24.6 14.00
29.8 17.00
28.1 16.00

Benchmen, daywork.. .
Benchmen, nightwork..
Foremen, daywork.......
Foremen, nightwork .. .
Machine bakeries—
Benchmen, nightwork..
Foremen, nightwork ...
Oven men and spongers,
nightwork.................
New Orleans, La.:
First hands..........................
Second hands......................

33.3 18.00
35.2 19.00
38.9 21.00
42.6 23.00

C)
1
rn
?ii
I1
)

35.2 19.00
42.6 23.00

w

37.0 20.00

0)

30.0 21.00
17.1 12.00

i
i

•11
1
1

rli
rlj
(4
)

1
1
1
1

i|
if
if
if

1
1
1
1

if

•1
•1

1
1
1

9h
9§

57
57
57

Cl*. DoUs.
24.6 14.00
29.8 17.00
28.1 16.00

9£
94
9*

57
57
57

Ul
2i f
2i f
2i f

9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54

33.3
35.2
38.9
42.6.

18.00
19.00
21.00
23.00

9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54

21}

n
i{
i|

9
9

54
54

35.2 19.00
42.6 23.00

9
9

54
54

9

54

37.0 20.00

9

54

10
10

70
70

30.0 21.00
17.1 12.00

10
10

70
70

9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54

33.3
46.3
40.7
37.0

18.00
25.00
22.00
20.00

9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54

9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54

33.3 18.00
44.4 24.00
38.9 21.00
22.2 12.00

9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54

8J
8§

51
51

41.2 21.00
52.9 27.00

8*
8*

51
51

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Benchmen..................
33.3 18.00
Foremen, 5 or more men_ 46.3 25.00
_
Foremen, less than 5 m en... 40.7 22.00
Oven men or mixers........... 37.0 20.00
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Benchmen......................... . 33.3 18.00
Foremen............................ . 44.4 24.00
Oven men and mixers........ 38.9 21.00
Third hands........................ 22.2 12.00
Hebrew bread—
Benchmen................... . 47.1 24.00
Foremen....................... 58.8 30.00
Portland, Oreg.:
Hand bakeries—
Benchmen................... . 37.3 19.00
Benchmen, partly oven
work.......................... 41.2 21.00
Foremen,2 or more men. 49.0 25.00
Foremen, 1 man............ 44.1 22.50
Bakers, working alone.. 41.2 21.00
Machine bakeries—
37.3 19.00
Benchmen...........
49.0 25.00
Oven men............
i 50 cents per hour.
2 For July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas;
* 40 cents per hour.
<45 cents per hour.
« Work on Labor Day prohibited.




li

1

51

37.3

19.00

if
if

8§
8§
8$
8*

51
51
51
51

41.2
49.0
44.1
41.2

21.00
25.00
22.50
21.00

8*
gi
8f
8
&
8J

51

1
1
1
1

if

1
1

8}
8?

51
51

37.3 19.00
49.0 25.00

8}
8§

51
51

for Sunday and other holidays, no increase in pay.

51
51
51
51

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

31

A.—
UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T able

BAKERY TRADES—Concluded.
BAKERS—
Concluded.
May 1,1915.
Rate of wages—

May 1,1914.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
days
Over­ and
with
time. holi*
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied

by-

Western—Concluded.
San Francisco, Cal.:
Hand bakeries—
Benchmen................... .
Benchmen, partly oven
work..........................
Benchmen’s assistants..
Foremen or oven m en...
Machine bakeries—
Benchmen................... .
Benchmen, partly oven
work..........................
Foremen or oven m en.,
Seattle, Wash.:
Benchmen...........................
Benchmen in charge of ovens
Foremen.........................
Mixers.............................
Spokane, Wash.:
Benchmen, daywork.. . .
Benchmen. nightwork.......
F o rem en , d a y w o r k ................

Foremen, nightwork___
Oven men or mixers.......

Cts. Dolls.
38.9 21.00

Cts. Dolls.
38.9 21.00

54

42.6 23.00
37.0 20.00
46.3 25.00

42.6
37.0
46.3

23.00
20.00
25.00

54
54
54

0)

41.7

20.00

48

3

45.8 22.00
52.1 25.00

48
48

41.7

20.00

45.8 22.00
52.1 25.00
41.7
45.8
52.1
45.8

20.00
22.00

25.00
22.00

41.7 20.00
45.8 22.00
52.1 25.00
45.8 22.00

48
48
48
48

38.9
43.8
48.1
54.2
47.9

21.00
21.00
26.00
26.00
23.00

38.9
43.8
48.1
54.2
47.9

54
48
54
48
48

21.00
21.00
26.00
26.00
23.00

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN.
BOTTLERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass............................. 33.3 16.00 (8)
1
48
33.3 16.00
8
8
Buffalo, N. Y ........................... . 25.9 14.00
1
54
25.9 14.00
9
9
1*
Fall River, Mass........................ 26.0 12.50 (8
48
26.0 12.50
8
8
)
(8)
Newark. N. J.:
Bottlers, crowners, and pas­
2
teurizers........................... 25.9 14.00
9
54
25.9 14.00
9
2
54
Foremen and first m en..... 31.5 17.00
31.5 17.00
9
if
(i°) “ 9 1154
New Haven, Conn..................... 27.8 15.00 (»)
9
54
27.8 15.00 U9 U54
(1) u 9 U54
0
Helpers................................ 22.2 12.00 <7
22.2 12.00 H9 1154
(1)
8
New York, N .Y ....................... 27.8 15.00
54
9
54
27.8 15.00
9
Helpers................................ 24.1 13.00
54
24.1 13.00
54
9
9
i f (li)
150 cents per hour.
* 75 cents per hour.
* For Sunday; for holidays, 50 cents per hour.
4 60 cents per hour.
* For Sunday; for holidays, 60 cents per hour.
* 70 cents per hour.
* 65 cents per hour.
8 40 cents per hour.
* 35 cents per hour.
io For Sunday, 35 cents per hour; work one-half day on holidays, paid for full day.
u 8 hours per day, 48 per week, October to April, inclusive.
1 For Sunday, 50 cents per hour; work 5 hours on holidays, paid for full day, except from May 15 to Sept.
2
15, single time.




32

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T able

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
BOTTLERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Hours of
Rate of
labor—
wages—
Num­
1
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
t-imft.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
Rate of wages—

North Atlantic—Concluded.
Philadelphia, Pa.......................
• Crowners.............................
Pittsburgh, Pa..........................
Foremen, 4 men or less, bot­
tling house.......................
Foremen, more than 4 men,
bottling house..................
Providence, R. I.......................
Helpers...............................
Rochester, N. Y ........................
Scranton, P a............................ .
Crowners.............................
Worcester, Mass........................
Wholesale houses................
South Atlantic.
Baltimore, Md...........................
Helpers................................
Jacksonville, Fla.: Bottlers,
crowners, labelers, pasteuriz­
ers, and soakers......................
Richmond, Ya...........................
Helpers................................
Washington, D. C.....................

Cts. Dolls.
24.1 13.00
22.2 12.00
36.5 17.50

1)
li
*1

1*
li
li

9
9
8

154
154
48

a s. Dolls.
21.7 13.00
20.0 12.00
36.5 17.50

10
10
8

60
60
48

42.7 20.50

*1

n

8

48

42.7 20.50

8

48

49.0 23.50
35.4 17.00
32.3 15.50
33.3 16.00
33.3 16.00
31.3 15.00
37.5 18.00
31.5 17.00

21

1h

8
8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
•54

49.0
35.4
32.3
33.3
33.3
31.3
37.5
31.5

23.50
17.00
15.50
16.00
16.00
15.00
18.00
17.00

8
8
8
8
8
•9

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
•54

854
854

27.8
26.9

15.00
14.50

89
89

854
854

#9 •54
10 i®58
10 i®58
48
8

25.9
27.6
20.7
31.3

14.00
16.00
12.00
15.00

•9
10
10
8

27.8
26.9

15.00
14.50

25.9
27.6
20.7
31.3

14.00
16.00
12.00
15.00

W

(*)

W
(8
)

&2
52
2
2

w
(7)

W
(0

li

n

VI
1]
1E

1
3
li
<•>

<*S

V7
<>
■

8
8

«9

*9
89

8
8

• 54
M58

10 58

48

North Central.
Chicago, 111................................ 34.4 16.50
8
48
34.4 16.50
8
48
li r
8
48
Cincinnati, Ohio...................... . 31.3 15.00
1
8
48
31.3 15.00
if
1
8
48
29.2 14.00
Cleveland, Ohio....................... . 33.3 16.00
8
48
<“ )
Detroit, M ich ......................... . 36.5 17.50
48
8
36.5 17.50
8
48
li t
i|
Grand Rapids, Mich................ . 34.4 16.50
1
8
48
31.3 15.00
8
48
if
li
48
32.3 15.50
Indianapolis, Ind..................... . 32.3 15.50
8
8
48
i|
48
li
8
32.7 15.70
8
48
Bottlers, utility men.......... 32.7 15.70
i*
Kansas City. Mo.: Bottlers,
coolers, packers, pasteurizers,
8
48
8
soakers, and stackers............. 39.6 19.00
37.5 18.00
48
li 12 2
8
48
31.3 15.00
8
48
Milwaukee, W is........................ 35.4 17.00
lj
8
48
18.8 9.00
Helpers............................... 22.9 11.00
8
48
1[
if
8
48
36.5 17.50
Minneapolis, Minn................... . 36.5 17.50
8
48
<3)
Omaha^Nebr............................ 35.4 17.00 (3)
8
48
31.3 15.00
8
48
ty
8
48
30.2 14.50
Peoria, 111.................................. 33.3 16.00
8
48
lik
i*
8
48
37.5 18.00
37.5 18.00
8
48
St. Louis, Mo­
li
8
34.4 16.50 (8
48
34,4 16.50
8
48
st. Paul, Minn
). (13)
* Allowed 2 days off each year, with pay.
2 On days before holidays and “ lay-off days,” time and a half.
*50 cents per hour.
* 60 cents per hour. *
* For Memorial Day, July 4, and Sunday; do not work on other holidays.
* 8 hours per day, 48 per week, November to April, inclusive.
*35 cents per hour.
8 8 hours per day, 48 per week, October to March, inclusive.
* 8 hours per day, 48 per week, September to April, inclusive.
io 53 hours per week, October to March, inclusive,
n Work prohibited.
1 For Sunday; for holidays, time and a half,
2
is New Year, Labor Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas are usually observed as holidays, 1 full pay
but
is allowed therefor; if work is performed, 50 cents per hour for each hour worked is paid in addition to
the day's pay. For other holidays and for Sunday, 50 cents per hour.




33

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
BOTTLERS—Concluded.
May 1 , 1914.

May 1 , 1915.
Hours of
labor—

Bate of wages—

Bate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
days
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full
full full half­ hour. M l
hour. fall
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
South Central.
Balias, Tex................................
Houston, T ex ...........................
Crowners.............................
Louisville, K y...........................
New Orleans, La.......................

Cts.
35.4
37.5
38.5
28.1
25.9

cts. Dolls.
35.4 17.00
37.5 18.00
38.5 18.50
28.1 13.50
25.9 14.00

Dolls.
17.00
18.00
18.50
13.50
14.00

48
48
48
48
54

Western.
Denver, Colo.............................
Head bottlers......................
Los Angeles, Cal........................
Portland, Oreg.: Bottlers, cork­
ers, labelers, packers, and
wirers.....................................
Salt Lake City, Utah................
San Francisco, Cal.....................
Seattle, Wash.:
Class A ................................
Class B................................
Spokane, Wash.........................

37.5 18.00
40.6 19.50
41.7 20.00

12

37.5 18.00
40.6 19.50
41.7 20.00

48
48
48

41.7 20.00
39.6 19.00
46.9 22.50

1if
2

41.7 20.00
36.5 17.50
46.9 22.50

48
48
48

2 .0
10
18.00
2 .0
10

II
<)
*

43.8 21.00
37.5 18.00
43.8 21.00

48
48
48

43.8
37.5
43.8

North Atlantic.
Boston. Mass.:
Cellarmen, fermenters* and
kettlemen....................... .
First men in cellar, ferment­
ing room, and at kettles...
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Cellarmen..................
Fermenters and kettlemen..
First men in cellar, ferment-

37.5

18.00

(*)

00

8

48

37.5

18.00

8

48

41.7

20.00

<*)

C
O

8

48

41.7 20.00

8

48

37.5
35.4

18.00
17.00

(*)
(*)

(<)
W

8
8

48
48

37.5
35.4

8
8

48
48

18.00
17.00

39.6 19.00 (*)
8
48
39.6 19.00
8
48
(*)
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Cellarmen, fermenters, and
kettlemen........................ 41.7 20.00 00
8
48
41.7 20.00
8
48
00
First men in cellar, ferment­
8
48
ing room, and at kettles... 43.8 21.00 00
43.8 21.00
48
8
00
Fall River, Mass.:
Cellarmen, fermenters, and
kettlemen........................ *35.4 17.00 < )
8
48
35.4 17.00
8
48
8
00
First men in cellar, ferment­
8
48
39.6 19.00
ing room, and at kettles... •39.6 19.00 (3
8
48
)
00
i For Sunday; for holidays, time and a half.
* 60 cents per hour.
* 50 cents per hour.
* Work on New Year, Christmas, and Sunday prohibited; work 4 hours on Memorial Day and Thanks*
giving, and 3 hours on May 1 and Labor Day; paid for full day.
6 Scale became 36.5 cents on June 1,1915.
* Scale became 40.6 cents on June 1,1915.

30061°— Bull. 194—16------ 3



34

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS*

T a b le A .— U N IO N SC A L E O F W A G E S A N D H O U R S O F L A B O R IN E A C H
T R A D E . B Y G E O G R A P H IC A L D IV IS IO N S A N D C IT IE S . ON M A Y 1, 1915,
A N D M A Y 1, 1914— C on tin ued.

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
BREWERS—Continued.
M ayl, 1914.

May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
i
with
time. holi­
Per
-Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

North Atlantic—Concluded.
Manchester, N. H.:
C'ellarmen, fermenters, and Cts.
kettlemen........................ 33.3
First men in cellar and fer­
menting roam.................. 35.4
Kettlemen, first.................. 37.5
Newark, N. J.: Cellarmen, fer­
menters, and kettlemen.......... 39.6
New Haven, Conn.:
Cellarmen, fermenters, and
kettlemen........................ 40.6
First men in cellar, ferment­
ing room, and at kettles... 42.7
New York, N. Y .: Cellarmen,
fermenters, and kettlemen.. . . 41.7
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Cellarmen, fermenters, and
kettlemen........................ 37.5
First men in cellar, ferment­
ing room, and at kettles... 41.7
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Brewhouse men and cellar­
men.................................. 40.6
Cellarmen, first................... 46.9
First men in brewhouse and
fermenting cellar.............. 42.7
Providence, R .I.:
Cellarmen, fermenters, and
kettlemen........................ 40.6
First men in cellar, ferment­
ing room, and at kettles... 44.8
First men in cellar, ferment­
ing room, and at kettles
(4 or more men).............. 49.0
Rochester, N. Y .:
Cellarmeh, fermenters, and
kettlemen........................ 39.6
First men in cellar, ferment­
ing room, and at kettles... 44.8
Scranton, Pa.:
Cellarmen, fermenters, and
kettlemen....................... 39.6
First men in cellar, ferment-,
ing room, and at kettles 1.. 43.8
Worcester, Mass.:
Cellarmen, fermenters, and
kettlemen....................... . 39.6
Cellarmen, first................... 45.8
First men in fermenting and
racking room..................... 41.7
50.0
Kettlemen, first.................. II50.0
1 50 cents per hour.
2 60 cents per hour.

Dolls.
16.00

i
(*)

17.00
18.00

(l)

8

43

Cts. DolJs.
33.3 16.00

8

48

48
48

35.4
37.5

17.00
18.00

8
8

48
48

19.00

8

48
48

0)

8
8

19.00

(*)

(*)

8

48

39.6

19.50

(0

(*)

8

48

40.6

19.50

8

20.50

(i>

(3
)

8

48

42.7

20.50

8

48

20.00

c>

(*)

8

48

41.7

20.00

8

48

lh

8

•48

33.3

1&00

9

54

20.00

U

*1*

8

•48

37.0 20.00

9

54

19.50
22.50

if

ll

8
8

8
48

40.6
46.9

19.50
22.50

8
8

48
48

20.50

li

li

8

48

42.7 20.50

8

48

18.00

19.50

0)

(a
)

8

48

40.6 19.50

8

48

21.50

0)

(*)

8

48

44.8

21.50

8

48

23.50

0)

(l)

8

48

49.0 23.50

8

48

19.00

(l)

(*)

8

48

39.6

19.00

8

48

21.50

0)

0)

8

48

44.8

21.50

8

48

19.00

li

72

8

48

39.6

19.00

8

48

21.00

H

12

8

48

43.8 21.00

8

48

19.00
22.00

(l)

(l>
(l)

8
8

48
48

39.6 19.00
45.8 22.00

8
8

48
48

20.00
24.00

(l) i (o
(l) 1 (l)

8
8

48
43

41.7 20.00
50.0 24.00

8
8

48
48

to Sept. 15, single time.
« Allowed* 2 days off each year with pay.
7 For Memorial Day, July 4, and Sunday; do not work on other holidays.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

35

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T able

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
BREWERS—Continued.
May 1,,1914.

May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
days
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per
Per week,
full fall half­ hour.
hour. fall
day. time. holi­
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—

Hours of
labor—

Per
Per
week, Per week,
full
full day. full
time.
time.

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.: Cellarmen and kettlemen...................................
Baltimore, Md.: Cellarmen, fer­
menters. and kettlemen.........
Jacksonville, Fla.......................
Richmond, Va.:
Cellarmen and washhouse
men..................................
Cellarmen, first...................
Washington, D. C.:
Cellarman, fermenters, and
kettlemen........................
First men in cellar, ferment­
ing room, and at kettles...

Cte. Bolls.
41.7 20.00
37.5 18.00
37.0 20.00

1*

11
*2

%

8

48

Cts. D0U8.
41.7 20.00

8

48

8
»9

48
*54

37.5 18.00
37.0 20.00

8
*9

48
»54

9
9

50
50

12 32.0
12 38.0

16.00
19.00

9
9

50
50

32.0
38.0

16.00
19.00

39.6

19.00

U

H

8

48

39.6

19.00

8

48

46.8 22.00

i*

H

8

48

45.8 22.00

8

48

23.00

8

48

19.00

8

48

<
l)

North Central.
Chicago, 111.: Cellarmen, fer­
menters. and kettlemen.......... 47.9 23.00
8
48
47.9
1}
l*.
Cincinnati, Ohio: Cellarmen,fer­
menters, and kettlemen.......... 40.6 19.50
48
8
39.6
n
Cleveland, Ohio:
Cellarmen, fermenters, and
kettlemen......................... 41.7 20.00
8
48
37.5
H (*>
First men in cellar, ferment­
ing room, and at kettles... 44.8 21.60
8
48
40.6
H <)
■
Detroit, Mich.: Cellarmen, fer­
menters, and kettlemen......... 43.8 21.00
8
48
43.8
1*
Grand Rapids, Mich.:
8
48
35.4
Cellarmen............................ 37.5 18.00
if
48
Kettlemen........................... 41.7 20.00
8
39.6
if
if
Indianapolis, Ind.: Cellarmen,
fermenters, and kettlemen___ 39.6 19.00
8
48
39.6
li
11
Kansas City, Mo.:
Cellarmen, fermenters, and
kettlemen........................ 47.9 23.00
8
48
45.8
l*
First men in cellar, ferment­
48
ing room, and at kettles... 52.1 25.00
8
50.0
11
H
Milwaukee, Wis.: Cellarmen and
8
48
kettlemen............................... 41.7 20.00
37.5
H
11
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Cellarmen............................ 42.7 20.50
8
48
C)
1
42.7
Kettlemen, daywork.......... 42.7 20.50
8
48
42.7
Kettlemen, nightwork....... 49.0 23.50 VI
8
48
49.0
w
Omaha, Nebr.:
Cellarmen, fermenters, and
kettlemen........................ 39.6 19.00 <
8
48
39.6
l)
(l)
First men in cellar and at
kettles.............................. 43.8 21.00 0 )
8
48
43.8
(l)
160 cents per hour.
* Except New Year and Christmas, no increase in rate.
* 8 hours per day, 48 per week, September to April, inclusive.
* For Labor Day, 60 cents per hour.
« Work prohibited.




18.00

8

48

19.50

8

48

21.00

8

48

17.00
19.00

8
8

48
48

19.00

8

48

22.00

8

48

24.00

8

48

18.00

8

48

20.50
20.50
23.50

8
8
8

48
48
48

19.00

8

48

21.00

8

48

36

BULLETIN OF THE BUKEAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1,1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
BREWERS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,, 1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full
hour. full
full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Rate of wages—

North Central—Concluded.
Peoria, m .:
First men in cellar and at
kettles..............................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Cellarmen, fermenters, and
kettlemen.........................
First men in cellar, ferment­
ing room, and at kettles...
St. Paul, Minn.: Cellarmen and
kettlemen..................... ........

Cts. DoUs.
38.5 18.50
41.7 20.00

0)
0)

0

8

48

Cts. Dolls.
36.5 17.50

8

48

O

8

48

39.6

8

48

19.00

45.8 22.00

li

li

8

48

45.8 22.00

8

48

50.0 24.00

1*

li

8

48

50.0 24.00

8

48

41.7

20.00

0)

<>
*

8

48

41.7 20.00

8

48

45.8 22.00

H

U

8

48

45.8 22.00

8

48

50.0 24.00

li

li

8

48

50.0 21.00

8

48

827.5 16.50
635.0 21.00

(*)
M

1}
li

*10
*10

•60
•60

27.5 16.50
35.0 21.00

• 10
•10

•60
•60

li

li

8

48

38.5

18.50

8

48

48

41.7

20.00

8

48

48
48
48
48

45.8
53.1
51.6
46.9

22.00
25.50
24.75
22.50

8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48

South Central.
Dallas, Tex.: Brewhouse men,
cellarmen, and fermenters. . . .
Houston, Tex.: Brewhouse men,
cellarmen, fermenters, and
kettlemen...............................
Little Rock, Ark.:
Brewhouse men and cellar­
men..................................
Cellarmen, first...................
Louisville, K y.: Cellarmen, fer­
menters, and kettlemen.........
New Orleans, La.: Cellarmen,
fermenters, and kettlemen___

38.5

18.50

41.7

20.00

(0

0)

8

45.8
53.1
»51.6
50.0

22.00
25.50
24.75
24.00

li
(«)
(8)
(»)

li
(8
)
(8)
(10$

8
8
8
8

53.1

25.50

(«)

(8)

8

48

53.1

25.50

8

48

50.0

24.00

H

li

8

48

50.0 24.00

8

48

53.1

25.50

(8)

(8)

8

48

53.1

8

48

Western.
Denver, Colo.: Brewers and
Los Angeles, Cal.......................
Portland, Oreg..........................
Salt Laxe City, Utah................
San Francisco,Cal.: Brewers and
maltsters................................
Seattle, Wash.: Brewers and
maltsters................................
Spokane, Wash.: Brewers and
maltsters................................

25.50

i go cents per hour.
* New Year, July 4, Labor Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas are usually observed as holidays, but
full pay is allowed therefor; if work is performed. 50 cents per hour for each hour worked is paid in addi­
tion to the day’s pay. For other holidays and for Sunday, 50 cents per hour.
* Scale became 29.2 cents on July 1,1915.
* 35 cents per hour.
* 9 hours per day, 54 per week, October to March, inclusive.
* Scale became 36.7 cents on July 1,1915.
7 60 cents per hour.
« 75 cents per hour.
* Scale became 53.1 cents on May 15,1915.
i« 70 cents per hour.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

37

T a b l e A ,— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS AND DRIVERS.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­

ber

Geographical division and city.

Sun­
of
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
fuU fu half­ hour. fuU fu
U fu
hour. full
U
U
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by-

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Chauffeurs......................
Drivers—
Bottle beer...............
Depot.......................
Route.......................
Helpers, bottle beer.,
Helpers, route..........
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Chauffeurs......................
Drivers—
Route.......................
Extra.......................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Chauffeurs......................
Chauffeurs, bottle beer...
Drivers—
Bottle beer...............
Route.......................
E x t r a ............................

Helpers.....................
FaU River, Mass.:
Chauffeurs......................
Helpers.....................
Manchester, N. H.:
Drivers—
1 horse......................

Newark, N. J.:
Chauffeurs, union A ..........
Chauffeurs, union B ..........
Helpers, union A ........
Helpers and extra driv­
ers, union B .............
Drivers—
Route, union A ...........
Route, union B ...........
Extra, union A ............
New Haven, Conn.:
Chauffeurs......................
Drivers—
Bottle beer...............

Keg beer................

Cts. Dolls.
38.0 20.50

C.
t$

Dolls.
20.50

54

0

0

32.4 17.50
34.3 18.50
36.1 19.50
26.9 14.50
30.6 16.50

54
54
54
54
54

0

35.4

17.00

4S

8

37.5
35.4

18.00
17.00

48
48

33.3

18.00
16.50

54
54

30.6
30.6
27.8

16.50
18.00
16.50
15.00

54
54
54
54

31.5
27.8

17.00
15.00

54
54

0

38.0

32.4
34.3
36.1
26.9
30.6

17.50
18.50
19.50
14.50
16.50

35.4

17.00

37.5
35.4

18.00
17.00

33.3
30.6

18.00
16.50

30.6
33.3
30.6
27.8

16.50
18.00
16.50
15.00

431.5
627.8

17.00
15.00

8

8

31.5
32.4

17.00
17.50

8

8

54
54

31.5
32.4

17.00
17.50

54
54

35.2
35.2
33.3

19.00
19.00
18.00

%

(,)2
0

54
54
54

35.2
35.2
33.3

19.00
19.00
18.00

54
54
54

54

27.8

15.00

54

54
54
54
54

35.2
31.5
31.5
35.2

19.00
17.00
17.00
19.00

54
54
54
54

i
0

8

1
1
1
l
l
l

0

li

27.8

15.00

35.2
31.5
31.5
35.2

19.00
17.00
17.00
19.00

%
8

39.6

19.00

0

31.5
39.6
37.5
24.1
35.4

17.00
19.00
18.00
13.00
17.00

2

"l
8
c)
1
l
1
1
l

48

39.6

19.00

•54
48
48
•54
48

31.5
39.6
37.5
24.1
35.4

17.00
19.00
18.00
13.00
17.00

48
•9
8
8
•9

•54
48
48
•54
48

Extra.......................
Helpers, bottle beer..
Helpers, keg beer....
150 cents per hour.
* 40 cents per hour.
* Work on Sunday, New Year, and Christmas prohibited; work 4 hours on Memorial Day and Thanks­
giving, and 3 hours on May 1 and Labor Day; paid for full day.
* Scale became 32.4 cents on June 1,1915.
* Scale became 28.7 cents on June 1,1915*
* 60 cents per hour.
* Work prohibited.
* 35 cents per hour.
* 8 hours per day, 48 per week, October to April, inclusive.




88

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T able

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1 ,1915.

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per Per Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full week,
hour. full
full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Rate of wages—

Hours of
labor—

North Atlantic—Continued.
New York, N. Y .:
Chauffeurs, unions A and C.
Chauffeurs, union B ............
Chauffeurs, unions D and E .
Helpers and extra driv­
ers, union A ...............
Helpers and extra driv­
ers, union B .............
Helpers and extra driv­
ers, unions D and E ..
Drivers—
Bottle beer.................. .
Keg beer, unions A and

C . Dolls.
t*
35.0 21.00
35.0 21.00
33.3 20.00

Cts. Dolls.
35.0 21.00
35.0 21.00
33.3 20.00

60
60

30.0

18.00

30.0

18.00

60

30.0

18.00

30.0

18.00

60

25.0

15.00

25.0

15.00

60

28.3 *17.00

28.3 <17.00

60
00
33.3 2 .0
2 .0
00
60
2 .0
00
00
33.3 2 .0
Keg beer/union B .i 11II
Extra, keg beer,unionC. 30.0 18.00
30.0 18.00
60
26.7 16.00
26.7 16.00
Helpers, ale wagon..
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Drivers—
70
6
25.0 15.00 U0
9 ®54
Bottle beer...............
27.8 15.00
io1 1910
0
00
Keg beer..................
31.7 19.00 1 1 106O
31.7 19.00
00
1 1 16
00 00
Extra.......... ............
30.0 18.00
30.0 18.00 1 1 106O
1
io1 1060
0
Helpers....................
26.7 16.00
26.7 16.00 100 106O
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
54
54
Chauffeurs......................
39.8 21.50
39.8 21.50
60
60
30.0 18.00
Chauffeurs, wholesale trade. 30.0 18.00
54
54
Helpers......................... 36.1 19.50
36.1 19.50
60
26.7 16.00
Helpers, wholesale trade 26.7 16.00
Drivers—
54
Bottle beer...............
38.0 20.50
38.0 20.50
54
Keg beer..................
39.8 21.50
39.8 21.50
60
26.7 16.00
26.7 16.00
Wholesale trade.......
54
Shipping..................
35.2 19.00
35.2 19.00
54
30.6 16.50
Helpers....................
30.6 16.50
Providence, R . I.:
Chauffeurs—
Bottle beer...............
48
48
8
8
36.5 17.50
36.5 17.50
(ll) 129 12 54
1254
37.0 20.00
37.0 20.00 129
Depot.......................
1254
12 1254
9
38.9 21.00
38.9 21.00 129
Route.......................
48
48
Helpers, bottle beer..
8
32.3 15.50
8
32.3 15.50
(u)
Drivers—
48
Bottle beer...............
8
48
36.5 17.50
8
36.5 17.50
12 54
1 54
2
37.0 20.00
Depot.......................
129
37.0 20.00 129
1 54
2
129
1254
Route.......................
38.9 21.00
38.9 21.00 129
48
Helpers, bottle beer.
32.3 15.50
48
8
32.3 15.50
8
1254
129
1254
31.5 17.00
Helpers....................
31.5 17.00 129
150 cents per hour.
* For Sunday, 60 cents per hour; for holidays, double time, except from May 15 to Sept. 15, single time.
’ For Sunday, 50 cents per hour; for holidays, double time, except from May 15 to Sept. 15, single time.
<And various commissions.
* For Sunday; for holidays, double time, except from May 15 to Sept. 15, single time.
« Allowed 2 days off each year, with pay.
1 9 hours per day, 54 per week, October to March, inclusive.
* 40 cents per hour.
» For holidays; work on Sunday prohibited.
i° 9 hours per day, 54 per week, from first week in October to first week in April.
1160 cents per hour.
1 8 hours per day, 48 per week, November to April, inclusive.
*




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

39

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGESAND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T able

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Geographical division and city.

May 1,1914.
Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

ber
Sun­
of
days
mos.
Over­ and
with
Per time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
Per
Per week,
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
full full half- hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holitime.
time. day. time.
aays.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—

North Atlantic—Concluded.
Rochester. N. Y .:
Chauffeurs—
Bottle Beer.
Bottle beer
Route (peddlers)
Freight...............
Helpers..............
Drivers—
Bottle beer.........
Route (peddlers)
Route (peddlers)
Freight........... .
Freight..............

Cts. Dolls.
37.0 20.00
32.4 17.50
38.9 21.00
30.6 16.50
33.3 18.00
32.4
38.9
36.1
33.3
30.6
33.3
.30.6
34.3
30.6
33.3

17.50
21.00
19.50
18.00
16.50
18.00
16.50
18.50
16.50
18.00

m
M

(i)
v)
m
w
m
rii

(i/

(v
0/

(i)
M

w
(V
V
)
?ll
(1
»
W

fii
(v
iij
(i)
M
0)
2
2
2
2
2
2
22
2
2
2
2
22
22
22
0)

9
9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54
54

Cts. Dolls.
37.0 20.00
32.4 17.50
38.9 21.00
30.6 16.50
33.3 18.00

9
9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54
54

9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

32.4 17.50
38.9 21.00
36.1 19.50
33.3 18.00
30.6 16.50
33.3 18.00
30.6 16.50
34.3 18.50
30.6 16.50
33.3 18.00

9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

9
9

54
54

9
9
9
9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54
54
54
54

Special..........................
3 horses.........................
Helpers.........................
Helpers, route...............
Scranton, Pa.:
Chauffeurs........................... 35.2 19.00
54
35.2 19.00
9
Chauffeurs, bottle beer........ 22.2 8 12.00
54
22.2 3 12.00
9
if
Drivers—
Bottle beer.................... 32.4 17.50
9
54
32.4 17.50
lh
1
Bottle beer.................... 22.2 8 12.00
54
22.2 8 12.00
9
Route, keg beer............ &5.2 19.00
1
54
35.2 19.00
9
Extra............................ 32.4 17.50
1
54
32.4 17.50
9
3 or more horses............ 37.0 20.00
1
54
37.0 20.00
9
Helpers, bottle beer...... 27.8 15.00
54
9
27.8 15.00
1
Helpers, route, keg beer. 27.8 15.00
1
1
9
54 ..... 27.8 15.00
Worcester. Mass.: .
Chauffeurs........................... 38.9 21.00 0)
<9 <54
38.9 21.00
Drivers—
Bottle beer.................... 35.2 19.00 C
2
35.2 19.00
<9 <54
1
)
Bottle beer and ale,
wholesale trade.......... 29.7 19.00
2
10
64
29.7 19.00
Brewery........................ 37.0 20.00 <
37.0 20.00
}) C <9 <54
1
)
On teams h a n d lin g
larger than £ barrels.. 31.7 19.00
2
10
60
31.7 19.00
Helpers, bottle beer._ 31.5 17.00 G
_
2
31.5 17.00
<9 <54
)
Helpers, bottle beer and
2
ale, wholesale trade.. 23.4 15.00
10
64
23.4 15.00
Helpers, brewery.......... 33.3 18.00 (l> 0)
33.3 18.00
<9 <54
Helpers on teams hand­
ling larger than } bar­
rels............................. 28.3 17.00 (*)
2
10
60
28.3 17.00
150 cents per hour.
* For Sunday, Memorial Day, and July 4; do not work on other holidays
3 And various commissions.
<8 hours per day, 48 per week, December to March, inclusive.




<9

<54

<9

<54

10
<9

64
<54

10
<9

60
<54

10
<9

64
<54

10

60

40

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A.— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
of
Sun­
mos.
days
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week
Per week,
full full half- hour. full full fuU
hour. full
day. time. holi­
day. time.
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
bySouth Atlantic.
Baltimore. Md.:
Chauffeurs..................... .
Drivers—
Bottle beer...............
Route, keg b eer......
Shipping and extra..
Jacksonville, Fla.: Drivers...
Richmond, va.:
Drivers—
Route..................... .
Special order............
Washington, D. C.:
Drivers—
Bottle beer............. .
Route, keg beer...... .

Cts. DoUs.
30.0 18.00

C)
1

(*)

10

60

Cts. DoUs.
30.0 18.00

10

60

(2
)
bj
4

10
10
10
9

60
60
60
54

23.3 *14.00
30.0 18.00
26.7 16.00
33.3 18.00

10
10
10
9

60
60
60
54

23.3 U4.00
30.0 18.00
26.7 16.00
33.3 18.00

W
4

30.0 18.00
25.0 15.00

if

W

10
10

60
60

30.0 18.00
25.0 15.00

10
10

60
60

21.7 513.00
21.7 713.00

<<)

(<)
<<)

10
10

•60
*60

21.7 513.00
21.7 713.00

10
10

•60
*60

» ii
1 if
0
1 li
1} 0
m)
(*)
•1J
4
(13)
</
1 io 1J
4

10
10
10

60
60
60

34.6 20.77
34.6 20.77
32.7 U19.62

10
10
10

60
60
60

10
10
10
10

60
60
60
60

30.0
30.0
32.7
32.7

»218.00
1218.00
H19.62
U19.62

10
10
10
10

60
60
60
60

28.8 17.31
28.8 17.31
30.8 18.46
30.8 18.46

i*
C4
)
i*
C)
1
n

*n
(13)
1 lj
0
io 1*

10
10
10
10
10

60
60
60
60
60

28.8 17.31
28.8 17.31
28.8 17.31
30.8 18.46
30.8 18.46

10
10
10
10
10

60
60
60
60
60

(15)

10

60

28.3

17.00

10

60

10

60

20.0

12.00

10

60

10

60

28.8

17.31

10

60

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Chauffeurs—
Bottle beer.............
Keg beer.................
Keg beer (peddlers).
Drivers—
Bottle beer, union A . . .
Bottle beer, union C ...
Keg beer, union A .......
Keg beer, union B .......
Extra, bottle beer,union

34.6 20.77
34.6 20.77
32.7 “ 19.62
30.0
30.0
32.7
32,7

1*18.00
1*18.00
U19.62
U19.62

C..................... 28.8 17.31

Extra, keg beer,union A.
Extra, keg beer, union B.
3 or 4 horses, union A ..
3 or 4 horses, union B ..
Helpers, bottle beer,
union A.....................
Helpers, bottle beer,
union C......................
Helpers, keg bfeer,union

28.3

17.00

<)
“

20.0

12.00

a

28.8

17.31

(“ >

(13)

(13)

Helpers, keg beer, union
0
28.8 17.31
28.8 17.31
10
60
10
60
B.......................
n 1 1J
*40 cents per hour.
* Delivery on Sunday, $5 per day; on holidays, double time.
8And 1cent for each empty box returned, and 3 cents for each box returned that contains 24empty bottles.
4 50 cents per hour.
* And 2£ cents per dozen empty bottles returned and 1 cent for every case returned.
« 57 hours per week, October to March, inclusive.
* And commissions guaranteed to amount of $13 in addition.
* 54 hours per week, Oct. 15 to Apr. 16.
* For Sunday; do not work on holidays.
io Work on Labor Day prohibited.
n And 4 cents per barrel for empties returned,
is And various commissions on return of empty bottles and cases,
u For holidays, 40 cents per hour; for Sunday, $3 per day.
i'J30 cents per hour.
» For holidays, 30 cents per hour; for Sunday, $3 per day.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR, MAY 1,1915,

41

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

Hours of
labor—

North Central—Continued.
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Chauffeurs...........................
Drivers—
Bottle beer.................. .
Route, keg bear...,........
Extra.......................... .
Shipping and malt, 2
horses........................
Shipping and malt, 3 or
4 horses.....................
Helpers, bottle beer....
Helpers, keg beer........
Cleveland, Ohio:
Bottle beer............
Keg beer...............
Drivers—
Bottle beer............
Keg beer...............
Extra, bottle beer.
Extra, keg beer—
Detroit, Mich.:
Chauffeurs...................
Drivers—
Bottle beer............
Keg beer...............
Shipping.
Ex
Extra.
Malt house.
Helpers, bottle beer..
Grand Rapids, Mich.:
Chauffeurs—
Bottle beer...............
Drivers—
Bottle beer.
Keg b eer...
General......
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Drivers—
Bottle beer.
Keg beer.

a s. Dolls.
35.2 19.00
38.5
35.2
29.6

18.50
19.00
16.00

32.4

1*

19

154

as. Dolls.
34.3 18.50

19

154

8
*9
19

48
154
154

37.5
34.3
28.7

18.00
18.50
15.50

8
19
19

48
154
154

17.50

19

154

31.5

17.00

19

154

35.2 19.00
31.3 15.00
30.6 16.50

19
8
19

154
48
154

34.3
30.2
29.6

18.50
14.50
16.00

19
8
19

154
48
154

35.4 17.00
37.0 20.00

8
<9

48
<54

33.3
35.2

16.00
19.00

8
<9

48
<54

28.1 16.00
37.0 20.00
35.4 17.00
31.5 17.00

9* 57
<9 <54
8
48
*9 <54

29.6 16.00
35.2 19.00
33.3 16.00
27.8 15.00

9
<9
8
*9

54
<54
48
<54

35.2

19.00

54

35.2

19.00

54

35.2
38.9
33.3
31.5
530.0
25.9

19.00
21.00
18.00
17.00
18.00
14.00

54
54
54
54
60
54

35.2 19.00
38.9 21.00
33.3 18.00
31.5 17.00
30.0 18.00
25.9 14.00

54
54
54
54
60
54

30.8
29.2

18.50
17.50

•10
•10

•60
6 60

28.3
26.7

17.00
16.00

•10
•10

30.8
29.2
27.5

18.50
17.50
16.50

•10
•10
•10

•60
•60
* 60

26.7
25.0

17.00
16.00
15.00

•10
•10
•10

718.00
33.3 U8.00
37.0 20.00
37.0 20.00
26.9 14.50
26.9 14.50
Shipping, 2 horses........ 31.5 17.00
31.5 17.00
Shipping, 3 or 4 horses.. 33.3 18.00
33.3 18.00
Helpers......................... 25.0 13.50
25.0 13.50
1 8 hours per day, 48 per week, October to March, inclusive.
* For holidays; do not work on Sunday.
* W ork prohibited.
* 8 hours per day, 48per week, November to April, inclusive.
. 6 Scale became 33.3 cents on Sept. 1,1915.
« 9 hours per day, 54 per week, October to March, inclusive.
7 And commission of 4 cents on large empties and 2 cents on medium-sized empties returned.
* For holidays; for 4 hours or less on Sunday, 50 cents an hour, for more than 4 hours, $5.




•60

54
54
54
54
54
54

42

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, B Y GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES. ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914— Continued.
BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.
Kate of wages—

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week.
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
day. time.
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byNorth Central—Continued.
Kansas City, Mo.:
Chauffeurs—
Trucks less than 2 tons.
Shipping, or trucks, 2
tons and over.............
Helpers.........................
Helpers, shipping..........
Drivers—
Bottle beer...................
2 horses, route or route
and shipping, and 3
horses........................
3 horses, route..............
4 horses.........................
Helpers, bottle beer......
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Chauffeurs..........................
Drivers—
Bottle beer...................
Keg beer.......................
Shipping and extra___
3 horses.........................
Helpers, bottle beer___
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Chauffeurs......................... .
Drivers—
Bottle beer...................
Keg beer.......................
Special orders...............
3 horses.........................
Helpers.........................
Omaha, Nebr.:
Chau Tours......................... .
Helpers.........................
Drivers—
Bottle beer or shipping
and extra..................
Route or 4 horses........ .
Peoria, 111.:
Drivers—
Bottle beer.................. .
Route.......................... .
Shipping......................
St. Louis. Mo.:
Chauffeurs—
Bottle beer.................. .
Keg beer.......................

09. Dolls.
38.9 21.00

Cts. DoUs.
37.0 20.00

40.7 22.00
31.5 17.00
35.2 19.00
21.7 813.00

C
1
)

10

54

38.9 21.00
29.6 16.00
33.3 18.00

<
l)

54
54
54

20.0 3 12.00

37.0 20.00
33.3 18.00
38.9 21.00
40.7 22.00
30.7 16.60

35.2
31.5
37.0
38.9
28.9

20.00
21.00

15.60

54
54
54
54
54

37.0

20.00

33.3

18.00

54

37.0
37.0
34.3
37.0
24.1

40 0
2 .0
2 .0
00
18. £0
2 .0
00
13.00

33.3 418.00
33.3 18.00
30.6 16.50
33.3 18.00
20.4 1 .0
10

31.7

19.00

31.7

19.00
17.00

19.00

33.3 20.00
31.7 19.00
26.7 16.00
28.3 17.00
26.7 16.00

33.3 20.00
31.7 19.00
26.7 16.00
28.3 17.00
26.7 16.00

60
60

40.7 22.00
37.0 20.00

37.0 20.00
33.3 18.00

54
54

37.0 20.00
40.7 22.00

33.3 18.00
37.0 20.00

54
54

30.0
31.7
28.3

18.00
19.00
17.00

33.3 20.00
33.3 20.00
31.7 19.00

5 10

»10
5 10

30.0
31.7
28.3

18.00
19.00
17.00

33.3
33.3
31.7

2).0
<0
20.00
19.00

Delivering beer to city
points........................ 30.0 18.00
30.0 IS. 00
150 cents per hour.
2 For Sunday, 50 cents per hour; work onet-half day on holidays, paid for full day.
* And various commissions on empties reumed.
4 And 3 cents per case for empties returned.
5 9 hours per day, 54 per week, October to March, inclusive.
• For Sunday; for holidays, no increase in rate.




54
54
54
54
54

«10
»10
5 10

560
560
60
60
60

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR,

M 1, 1915.
AT

48

A.— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T able

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.
Rate of wages—

Hoursof
labor—

May 1,1914.
Rate of

Hours of
labor—

Num
ber
Sun­
of
days
mos
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
wit!
time. holi­
Per Per
Per
Per Satur
days. Per week,
Per week,
Per
full full haL hour. week, full
hour. full
full day.
day. time. holi
time.
time.
days
Hourly rate
multiplied
byNorth Central—Concluded.
St. Louis, Mo.—Concluded.
Cts.
Drivers—
Bottle beer.................. 30.0
Keg beer...................... 33.3
Extra........................... 26.3
2 horses........................ 30.0
3 horses........................ 31.7
4 horses........................ 33.3
6 horses........................ 36.7
St. Paul, Minn.:
Chauffeurs......................... . 232.1
Drivers—
Bottle or keg beer....... . *32.1
Shipping, 2 horses, or
extra, keg beer......... . »26.3
Shipping, 3 or 4 horses.. •28.3
722.5

Dolls.
18.00
20.00
15.75
18.00
19.00
20.00
22.00

Cts. Dolls.
30.0 18.00
33.3 20.00
26.3 15.75
30.0 18.00
31.7 19.00
33.3 20.00
36.7 22.00

19.27

32.1

19.27

32.1

19.27

15.81
16.96
13.50

26.3
28.3
22.5

15.81
16.96
13.50

20.00
18.00
14.00

33.3 20.00
30.0 18.00
23.3 14.00

19.27

South Central.
Dallas, Tex.:
Drivers—
Bottle or keg beer.
Telephone.............
Helpers.................
Houston, Tex.:
Chauffeurs...................
Drivers—
Bottle beer............
Keg beer.
Stake wagon...........
Little Rock, Ark.: Drivers.
Louisville, ICy.:
Chauffeurs—
Bottle beer.............
Keg beer.................
Drivers—
Bottle beer.............
Route, keg beer.. . .

30.0
23.3

37.0 20.00
37.8
42.0
33.3
33.3
u26.6

37.0 20.00
37.8 820.77
42.0 23.08
33.3 18.00
33.3 18.00
17.00

*20.77
23.08
18.00
18.00
17.00

26.9 14.50
37.0 “ 20.00

8
is© 1 54
9 “ 54

26.9 14.50
37.0 “ 20.00

19
8
9

8
26.9 14.50 139
26.9 14.50
1*9 1 54
37.0 “ 20.00
9
37.0 “ 20.00
9 “ 54
3
8
1 9 1 54
8
25.9 14.00 1 9
25.9 14.00
1 For Sunday; for holidays, no increase in rate.
2 Scale became'32.3 cents on June 1,1915.
850 cents per hour.
* New Year, July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas are usually observed as holidays, but full pay is allowed
a
therefor; if work is performed, 50 cents per hour for each hour worked is ► id in addition to the day’s pay.
Washington’s Birthday and Thanksgiving Day are half-holidays, but full day’s pay is allowed. For
Sunday, 50 cents per hour.
5 Scale became 26.5 cents on June 1,1915.
•Scale became 28.5 cents on June 1,1915.
i Scale became 23.1 cents on June 1,1915.
s And various commissions on sales.
9 For Sunday and Labor Day; for other holidays, no increase in rate.
For Labor Day, time and a half.
1 Scale became 28.1 cents on July 1,1915.
1
1235 cents per hour.
1 8 hours per day, 48 per week, October to March, inclusive.
8
“ 48 hours and $19.50 per week, October to March, inclusive.




44

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS AND DRIVERS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1, 1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Pot week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Rate of wages-

South Central—Concluded.
New Orleans, La.:
Chauffeurs—
Route, keg beer............
Extra, shipping and
telephone...................
Drivers—
Bottle beer....................
Route, keg beer............
Extra, snipping and
telephone...................

cts. DoUs.
40.7 22.00

2

(l)

9

54

Cts. DoUs.
35.0 21.00

10

60

24.2

14.50

2

(2
)

10

60

20.5

13.50

11

66

38.9 3 21.00
40.7 22.00

n
2

<)
‘

9
9

54
54

38.9 21.00
35.0 21.00

9
10

54
60

24.2

14.50

2

<*)

10

60

20.5

13.50

11

66

20.90
18.70

b)

w

9
9

54
54

38.7 20.90
34.6 18.70

9
9

54
54

24.00
23.00
19.00

(5)
<>
•

•2
•2
•2

9
9
9

54
54
54

44.4 24.00
42.6 23.00
35.2 19.00

9
9
9

54
54
54

25.00
22.00

(8)
(8
)

(*)
(«)

9
9

54
54

46.3 25.00
40.7 22.00

9
9

54
54

22.00
18.00

%

%

9
9

54
54

35.8
30.0

21.50
18.00

10
10

1 60
0
1 60
0

«23.00
25.00

rm
02
)

10
10

60
60

38.3 U23.00
41.7 25.00

10
10

60
60

H23.00
28.00
26.00

(1 )
2
<)
“
H

(m
( /
(12)
(12)
(12)

10
10
10

60
60
60

38.3 U23.00
46.7 28.00
43.3 26.00

10
10 '
10

60
60
60

21.00
24.00

(1 )
2
8

10
10

60
60

40.0 24.00
40.0 24.00

10
10

60
60

23.00
21.00
23.00

H
1*
(8
)

9
9
9

54
54
54

42.6 23.00
38.9 21.00
42.6 23.00

9
9
9

54
54
54

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Drivers—.
Route, bottle and keg. . 38.7
Extra............................ 34.6
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Drivers—
Keg beer....................... 44.4
Extra............................ 42.6
Helpers......................... 35.2
Portland, Oreg.:
Drivers—
Route, bottle or keg
beer........................... 746.3
Extra............................ ®40.7
Salt Lake City, TJtah:
Drivers—
Bottle or keg beer......... 40.7
Helpers......................... 33.3
San Francisco, Cal.:
Chauffeurs—
Bottle beer................... 38.3
Keg beer....................... 41.7
Drivers—
Route, bottle beer........ 38.3
Route, keg beer............ 46.7
Shipping, 3 or 4 horses.. 43.3
Extra
and
watch
wagon, or shipping, 2
horses........................ 40.0
Helpers......................... 40.0
Seattle. Wash.:
Drivers, bottleand keg beer. 42.6
38.9
Helpers...............
Spokane, Wash.: Drivers.
42.6

i 40 cents per hour more than single time.
* 25 cents per hour more than single time.
* And 5 cents per case for empties returned.
* 50 cents per hour.
» 75 cents per hour.
* For holidays; for Sunday, 75 cents per hour.




n
lh
n

.......

7 Scale became 48.1 cents on May 16,1915.
s 60 cents per hour.
8 Scale became 42.6 cents on May 16,1915.
1 54 hours per week, October to March, inclusive,
0
u And various commissions,
it65 cents per hour.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR, MAT 1,1915.

45

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T able

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
COOPERS.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Bate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
days
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
fu ll full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time.
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byNorth Atlantic.
Boston, Mass................
Bridgeport, Conn..........
B uffal^N .Y ................
New Haven, Conn........
Pittsburgh, Pa..............
Providence, R . I.:
Slack barrel.............
Tight barrel............
Rochester, N. Y ............
Scranton, Pa.................
First cooper............
Worcester, Mass............
First cooper............

148
48
48
48
48

35.4
45.8
40.6
38.5
42.7
50.0
56.3

11
1
1
1
1
1

33.3 16.00
41.7 20.00
40.0 20.00
41.7 20.00

it
11
li

lj

148
48
48
48
48

35.4 17.00
45.8 22.00
40.6 19.50
38.5 18.50
42.7 20.50
50.0 24.00
56.3 27.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

33.3 16.00
41.7 20.00
12 40.0 20.00
41.7 20.00

48
48
50
48

41.7 20.00
35.4 17.00
39.6 19.00
37.5 18.00

17.00
22.00
19.50
18.60
20.50
24.00
27.00

Cts. DoUs.
50.0 124.00
37.5 18.00
38.5 18.50
42.7 20.50
39.6 19.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

Cts. Dolls.
50.0 124.00
37.5 18.00
38.5 18.50
42.7 20.50
39.6 19.00

48
48
48
48

43.8 21.00

48

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Slack barrel.............
Tight barrel............
Richmond, Ya..............
Washington, D .C .........

I

North Central.
Detroit, Mich................
Grand Rapids, Mich.. . .
Indianapolis, lnd..........
Peoria, 111....................

41.7 20.00
37.5 18.00
39.6 19.00
39.6 19.00

Western.
Denver, Colo.................

43.8 21.00

1
*

48

ELEVATOR MEN.
North Atlantic.
52
31.3 19.00
8§
60|
Buffalo, N. Y ............................ 32.7 17.00
n U I1 54
33.3 18.00
9
54
Newark, N. J............................. 33.3 18.00 (*)
(•)
144 hours and $22 per week, June to August, inclusive.
* 50 cents per hour.
* Work on Sunday, New Year, and Christmas prohibited; work 4 hours on Memorial Day and Thanks­
giving, and 3 hours on May 1 and Labor Day; paid for full day.
* Work prohibited.
* For Sunday, Memorial Day and July 4; do not work on other holidays.
<60 cents per hour.




46

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES. ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY I, 1914—Continued.

T a b le

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
ELEVATOR MEN—Concluded.
May 1,1915.
Hoursof
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
days
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
full full half- hour. full full full
day. time. holitime. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by-

Rate of wages—

Geographical division and city.
Per
Per week,
hour. full
time.

North Central.
Chicago, 111...................
Kansas City,Mo...........
Milwaukee, w is.:
Brewery..................
Malt house..............
Minneapolis, Minn........
Omaha, Nebr................

Cts. Dolls.
41.7 20.00
39.6 19.00
as. 5
32.3
42.7
29.2

May 1,1914.

8

55
48

00

18.50
15.50
20.50
14.00

Cts. Dolls.
34.5 19.00
37.5 18.00
34.4 16.50
32.3 15.50
42.7 20.50
26.0 12.50

48
48
48
48

33.9

19.00

76
5

5 .3
8
7 .9
2
2 .2
6
3 .3
9
3 .3
9

2 .0
80
3 .0
50
2 .0
20
2 .0
20
2 .0
20

4 .4
6
3 .9
3
3 .5
7
4
2.0
4 .7
2
3 .4
8
6 .6
5
4 .9
6
3 .3
9
5 .0
0
4 .2
0
4 .0
2
3 .4
8
4 .2
0
4 .6
4

2 .0
60
1 .0
90
2 .0
10
2 .5
30
2 .5
00
2 .5
10
3 .5
10
2 .5
20
2 .0
20
2 .0
80
2 .5
20
2 .5
30
2 .5
10
2 .5
20
2 .0
50

South Central.
Louisville, Ky...............

35.7 ’ 20.00

8 76
6

1$

ENGINEERS.

I

North Atlantic.
Boston. Mass...........
Chief engineers..
_
Bridgeport, Conn_
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Electrical...........
Steam, union A..
Steam, union B.,
Fall River, Mass.:
Chief engineers..
Manchester, N. j
Newark, N. J................
Assistant engineers.
New Haven, Conn........
New York, N. Y .:
Chief engineers........
Assistant engineers.
Philadelphia, Pa...........
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Chiefengineers........
Assistant engineers.
Providence, R . I.:
Chief engineers........
Assistant engineers.
Rochester, N. Y ...........
Chief engineers........




5 .3
8
7 .9
2
2 .2
6
3 .3
9
3 .3
9
4 .8
5
4 .4
6
3 .9
3
3 .5
7
4 .0
2
4 .7
2
3 .4
8
6 .6
5
4 .9
6
3 .3
9
5 .0
0
4 .2
0
4 .0
2
3 .4
8
4 .9
6
5 .1
2

2 .0
80
3 .0
50
2 .0
20
2 .0
20
2 .0
20
2 .0
20
2 .0
60
1 .0
90
2 .0
10
2 .5
30
2 .5
00
2 .5
10
3 .5
10
2 .5
20
2 .0
20
2 .0
80
2 .5
20
2 .5
30
2 .5
10
2 .5
20
2 .0
50

2
2
(*
>
1
1
1
oo
if
(*)
i
i

«

W
(5
)
l*
H

l
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
12
*
12
2

8
8
1
2
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

4
8
4
8
8
4
86
5
86
5
4
8
5
6
5
6
5
6
5
6
4
8
«5
>6
4
8
4
8
86
5
5
6
5
6
U6
5
u5
6
48
48

160 cents per hour.
* Work 7 hours, paid for 8.
* For Sunday; for holidays, time and a half.
<45 cents per hour.
s 50 cents per hour.
* 40 cents per hour.
» Allowed 1 day off every 2 weeks, with pay.
* Allowed 1 week off each year, with pay.
* No scale in 1914.
w Allowed 1 day off every 4 weeks, with pay.
h Allowed 1 day off each month, with pay.
is For holidays; for Sunday, no increase in rate.

00

00

8 4
8
8 4
8
1
2 8
4
8 86
5
8 86
5

00

00

8 5
6
8 5
6
8 5
6
8 5
6
8 4
8
8 »56
8 4
8
8 4
8
8 86
5
8
5
6
8
5
6
8 H6
5
8 15
16
8
5
6
8
5
6

47

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1,1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T able

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
ENGINEERS—Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week.
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

North Atlantic—Concluded.
Scranton, Pa.:
Chief engineers...................
First engineers...................
Second engineers................
Third engineers...............'..
Worcester, Mass.:
Chief engineers...................
Assistant engineers............

Cts.
44.6
39.3
36.6
33.0

DoUs.
25.00
22.00
20.50
18.50

Cts.
44.6
39.3
36.6
33.0

Dote.
25.00
22.00
20.50
18.50

8
8
8
8

156
156
156
156

48
48

68.0 32.66
51.0 24.50

8
8

48
48

8
8

56
56

42.9 24.00
37.5 21.00

8
8

56
56

10
10
12

70
70
84

1|
if
if
if

1
1
1
1

8
8
8
8

156
i 56
156
156

68.0 32.66
51.0 24.50

2
2

1
1

8
8

42.9 24.00
37.5 21.00

(*)
<*)

1
1

South Atlantic.
Baltimore, Md.:
Chief engineers....................
Assistant engineers.............
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Chief engineers....................
Assistant engineers.............
Richmond, Va........................ I.
Washington, D. C.:
Chid engineers....................
Engineers, bottling house...
Engineers, breweries A, B,
C, and D..........................
Engineers, brewery E.........
Engineers, brewery F.........

34.3 24.00
30.0 21.00
30.0 25.20

1*
if
if

1
li

10
10
12

70
70
84

34.3 24.00
30.0 21.00
30.0 25.20

62.5 35.00
52.1 25.00

If
If

1
li

8
8

56
48

62.5
52.1

35.00
25.00

8
8

56
48

41.1 23.00
37.5 21.00
41.7 23.33

1|
if
if

1
1
1

8
8
8

56
56
56

41.1 23.00
37.5 21.00
41.7 23.33

8
8
8

56
56
56

51.0 24.50
38.4 21.50
37.5 21.00

8
8
8

48
56
156

64.6 31.00
46.4 26.00

8
8

48
56

47.9 23.00

8

48

46.4 26.00
37.5 21.00
33.5 18.75
36.6 20.50

8
8
8
8

»56
56
456
56

64.6 31.00
50.0 24.00

8
8

48
48

45.8 22.00
40.6 19.50
38.5 18.50
41.7 23.33
44.6 25.00

8
8
8
8
8

48
48
48
56
56

North Central.
Chicago, HI........
51.0 24.50
1
8
48
1*
Cincinnati, Ohio.
38.4 21.50
1
1
8
56
Cleveland, Ohio.
41.1 23.00
1
8 156
li
Detroit, Mich.:
Chief engineers, brewery.... 64.6 31.00
1
8
48
Chief engineers, malt houses 46.4 26.00
1
8
56
if
Engineers, brewery, 20,000
barrels and over
47.9 23.00
1
8
48
i*
Engineers, brewery,
than 20,000 barrels...
46.4 26.00
1
8 «56
i|
Engineers, malt house.
315 21.00
1
8
56
if
Grand Rapids, Mich..........
35.3 19.75
1
8 456
if
51i
Indianapolis, Bid...............
36.6 20.50
8
56
if
Kansas City, Mo.:
Chief engineers............
66.7 32.00
1
8
48
Assistant engineers___
52.1 25.00
1
8
48
If
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Chief engineers............
45.8 22.00
1
1
8
48
Engineers, brewery....
44.8 21.50
1
8
48
Engineers, malt house.
38.5 18.50 (*)
8
1
48
Minneapolis, Minn.............
41.7 23.33
1
8
56
li
Omaha, Nebr.....................
44.6 25.00
1
1
8
56
iAllowed 1 week oft each year, with pay.
250 cents per hour.
848 hours per week, November to April, inclusi\
<Allowed 2 weeks off each year, with pay.
* For holidays; for Sunday, no increase in rate.




48

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
ENGINEERS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hoursof
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

North Central—Concluded,
Peoria, 111............................ .
Chief engineers..............
St. Louis, Mo........................
St. Paul, Minn......................

a$.
41.1
44.6
50.0
41.7

Dolls.
23.00
25.00
28.00

as.
35.7
41.1
50.0
41.7

56
56
*56
56

Dolls,
20.00

23.00
28.00

56
56
*56
56

4 .1
1

23.00
50.0 28.00
37.5 21.00

56
56
56

79.3 38.08
55.5 26.65
53.1 25.50
}.4 18.50

48
48
48
70
48

South Central.
Dallas, Tex...........................
Houston, Tex.......................
Louisville, Ky.......................

*1
*
*1
1

41.1 23.00
50.0 28.00
37.5 21.00

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Chief engineers. . . . . .......
Assistant engineers.........
Portland, Oreg......................
Salt Lake City, Utah............
Seattle, Wash.......................

79.3
55.5
53.1
35.7
50.0

38.08
26.65
25.50
20.00

24.00

it 1
1
?
% <
*1
*
FIREMEN.

North Atlantic.
20.02
Boston, Mass..........
4 1 .7
(5)
2 8 .6
1 6 .0 0
Bridgeport, Conn...
(6)
Buffalo. N. Y .:
3 2 .1
1 8 .0 0
1
Union A...........
1 8 .0 0
1
3 7 .5
Union A ..........
1 7 .5 0
Fall River, Mass....
• 3 1 .3
(#
)
3 2 .1
1 8 .0 0
Manchester, N. H ..
(#
)
1 9 .5 0
3 4 .8
Newark, N. J.........
1 8 .5 0
3 3 .0
New Haven, Conn..
(•f
1 9 .0 0
3 9 .6
New York, N. Y ...
(5>
1 8 .5 0
3 8 .5
Helpers........... .
<
5)
3 2 .1
1 8 .0 0
Philadelphia, P a ...
a
1 9 .5 0
3 4 .8
Pittsburgh, P a .....
4
1 7 .5 0
3 1 .3
Helpers............
4
3 4 .8
1 9 .5 0
Providence, R . I ....
(6)
1 9 .5 0
4 0 .6
Rochester,!*. Y —
1 8 .0 0
3 2 .1
Scranton, P a ..........
if
20.02
2
4 1 .7
Worcester, M ass....
* Allowed 2 days off each month, with pay.
* For holidays; for Sunday, no increase in rate.
* For Labor Day, time and a half.
* 75 cents per hour.
* Work prohibited.
« 50 cents per hour.




1
1

8
8

48
56

4 1 .7
2 8 .6

20.02
1 6 .0 0

8
8

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

756
48
56
56
56
10 56
48
48
*56
56
56
U 56
48
^ 56

3 2 .1

1 8 .0 0

3 1 .3
3 2 .1
3 4 .8
3 3 .0
3 9 .6
3 8 .5
3 2 .1
3 4 .8
3 1 .3
3 4 .8
3 4 .8
3 2 .1

8
(•)
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

1
1

(8
)

......

(8
)

1 7 .5 0
1 8 .0 0
1 9 .5 0
1 8 .5 0
1 9 .0 0
1 8 .5 0
1 8 .0 0
1 9 .5 0
1 7 .5 0
1 9 .5 0
1 9 .5 0
1 8 .0 0

41.7 20.02
8
48
8
Allowed 1 week off each year, with pay.
Not reported.
Scale became 32.1 cents on June 1,1915.
Allowed 1 day off every 4 weeks, with pay.
Allowed 1 day off each month, with pay.

48
56
*56

(8
)

56
56
56
10 56
48
48
756
56
56
1156
56
7 56

48

UNION' SCALE OP WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR, MAT 1,1915.

49

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
FIREMEN—Concluded.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
time.
time. day. time.
time. holi­
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

South Atlantic.
Cts.
Baltimore, Md........................... 81.3
Richmond, Va......................... . 22.5
Washington, D. C.: Firemen,
boiler cleaners, and water
enders.................................. . 30.4

56
84

30.4

17.00

56

40.0 22.40
34.0 19.04
30.4 17.00
30.4 17.00
26.8 15.00
33.9 19.00
27.7 15.50
30.4 17.00
39.6 19.00

*56
356
56
356
356
3 56
*56
56
48

36.5
34.4
35.4

17.50
16.50
19.83

48
48
56

35.4
28.6
33.3
32.5
37.5
35.4

17.00
16.00
16.00
18.20
18.00
19.83

48
56
48
56
48
56

33.0 18.50
35.7 20.00
31.3 17.50

56

i
i*
*

37.9 21.20
40.6 14.50
32.6 18.25
43.8 21.00

56
48
56
48

%

17.00

Cts. DoUs.
31.3 17.50
22.5 18.90

«i*
»i
i

DoUs.
17.50
18.90

n

56

North Central.
Chicago, HI.:
Firemen, boiler washers,
oilers, and water tenders..
Firemens’ helpers...............
Cincinnati, Ohio........................
Cleveland, Ohio....................... .
Helpers.............*.................
Detroit, Mich........................... .
Grand Rapids. Mich.................
Indianapolis, Ind......................
Kansas City*Mo........................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Breweries............................
Malt houses.........................
Minneapolis, Minn....................
Omaha, Nebr.:
Breweries............................
Malt houses.........................
Helpers, breweries..............
Peoria, ill..................................
St. Louis, Mo.............................
St. Paul, Minn..........................

40.0
34.0
33.9
33.0
29.5
33.9
29.5
30.4
43.8

22.40
19.04
19.00
18.50
16.50
19.00
16.50
17.00

i
i
i
i
i
i
i

21.00

40.6
34.4
35.4

19.50
16.50
19.83

i

39.6
32.1
37.5
32.5
37.5
35.4

19.00
18.00
18.00
18.20
18.00
19.83

*
i
i

36
5

*56
56
*56
356
a 56
8 56
56

South Central.
Dallas, Tex......
Houston, T ex ..
Louisville, K y..

33.0 18.50
35.7 20.00
31.3 17.50

Western.
Denver, Colo...............
Portland, Oreg............
Salt Lake City, U tah..
Seattle, Wash..............

37.9 21.20
40.6 19.50
35.3 19.75
43.8 21.00

%
%

150 cents per hour.
3 Allowed 1 week off each year, with pay.
* Allowed 2 weeks off each year, with pay.
* For holidays; for Sunday, no increase in rate.

30061°—Bull. 194—16------ 4




» 45 cents per hour.
8 60 cents per hour.
* For Labor Day, time and a half.
8 70 cents per hour.

50

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T able

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
LABELERS, BOTTLE BEER.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Geographical division and city.

Sun­
Over­ days
and
time. holi­
Per
days.
Per week,
hour. full
time.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by-

North Atlantic.
Cts. Dolls.
New Haven, Conn................... . 25.9 14.00
Philadelphia, Pa...................... 22.2 12.00
Worcester, Mass........................ 20.4 11.00

%
(*)

%

Rate of

Num­
ber
of
mos.
with
Satur­
Per Per day Per
full week, half- hour.
full
day. time. holi-

*9
9
«9

354
454
*54

Hours of
labor— .

Per Per Per
week, full week,
full day. full
time.
time.

Cts. DoUs.
25.9 14.00
20.0 12.00
20.4 11.00

*9
10
«9

«54
*60
*54

North Central.
Chicago, 111...............................
Indianapolis, Ind......................
Kansas City, Mo.: Labelers,
cartoners, and polishers....... .
Milwaukee, W is........................
Peoria, 111................................ .
St. Louis, Mo...........................

18.8
17.2

9.00
8.25

24.0
20.8
19.8
20.8

11.50

1
1
72

10.00

9.50

10.00

18.8
17.2

9.00
8.25

48
48

21.9
18.8
16.7
20.8

10.50
9.00
8.00

48
48
48
48

10.00

LABORERS.
North Atlantic.
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Laborers, storehouse..
30.8 16.00
52
30.8 16.00
8§
52
29.2 14.00
*i
Ice pullers..................
29.2 14.00
8
48
8
48
il
Bridgeport, Conn.: Garage men. 30.4 17.00 (5
i
8
<56 ........ 30.4 17.00
456
8
)
Newark, N .J.:
24.1 13.00
2
Laborers, bottling house.
9
54
24.1 13.00
9
54
1*
Car loaders and unloaders... 37.5 18.00 (•>
8
48
37.5 18.00
8
48
(9
)
(10)
New Haven, Conn.: Yardmen. 31.3 15.00 (8)
8
48 ........ 31.3 15.00
8
48
New York, N. Y .:
Laborers, bottling house... 24.1 13.00
9
24.1 13.00
54
9
54
(ll)
31.3 15.00 (10)
1
8
48
Coal passers......................
31.3 15.00
8
48
Yardmen, union A .......... . 28.3 17.00
1
10
60
1
28.3 17.00 10
60
Yardmen, union B .......... . 28.3 17.00 (*)
10
60
28.3 17.00 10
60
(•)
Yardmen, union C........... . 28.3 17.00 w
Ml
10
60
28.3 17.00 10
60
Philadelphia, Pa..................... 18.3 11.00
18.3 11.00 1*10
1 60
3
u
1* 1*10 i*60
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Repairmen..................... . 40.6 19.50
8
48
40.6 19.50
8
48
n
1*
30.6 16.50
Yardmen..........................
i
i
9
54
30.6 16.50
9
54
33.9 19.00 (*)
56
Rochester, N. Y .: Ice pullers.
8
i
33.9 19.00
8
56
t 35 cents per hour.
£ Work on Sunday prohibited; work one-half day on holidays, paid for full day.
* 8 hours per day, 48 per week, October to April, inclusive.
* Allowed 2 days off each year, with pay.
* 50 cents per hour.
«8 hours per day, 48 per week, November to April, inclusive.
* For Sunday; for holidays, time and a half.
* For holidays; for Sunday, $2.50 per day.
9 60 cents per hour.
m Work prohibited.
n For Sunday, 50 cents per hour; for holidays, double time, except from Mav 15 to Sept. 15, single time.
1 For Sunday: for holidays, double time, except from May 15 to Sept. 15, single time.
2
1 9 hours per day, 54 per week, October to first week in April.
3




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

51

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T able

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
LABORERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
of
mos.
Geocraphical division and city.
with
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per week, day Per week, Per
Per week,
full full half- hour. full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day.
days.
Hourlyrate
multiplied
by—
Sun­
Over­ days
and
time. holi-

North Atlantic—Concluded.
Scranton, Pa.............................
Box repair men...................
Ice pullers...........................
Worcester, Mass........................
Laborers, wholesale house..

Cts. DoUs.
27.1 13.00
33.3 16.00
37.5 21.00
33.3 16.00
29.6 16.00

(*)
<)
*

1
2
12
1
2

8
8

8
8
*9

48
48
56
48
»54

Cts. Dolls.
27.1 13.00
33.3 16.00
37.5 21.00
33.3 16.00
29.6 16.00

8
8

8
8

»9

South Atlantic.
Baltimore, Md.:
Feed men........................... 30.0
Stackers, truckers, and rack24.1
Yardmen............................ 23.3
‘ Washington, D. C.: Condenser
cleaners and coal passers........ 26.8

18.00
13.00
14.00

(<
)
8

2

10

n

•9
10

15.00

1

33.3 16.00
25.5 13.00
19.5 15.00
33.0 18.50

■
i

30.0

18.00

10

®54
60

24.1
23.3

13.00
14.00

«9
10

56

26.8

15.00

48
51

16.00
13.00
15.00
17.00

1?

North Central.
Chicago, HI................................
Cincinnati, Ohio.............. ........
Icehouse employees........... .
Cleveland, Ohio: Repair m en..
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Brewc

1

* 56

33.3
25.5
19.5
30.4

1
1

48
48
56
70

28.1
25.0
28.1
25.0

13.50
12.00
15.75
17.50

8
8
8
10

92

92

48
48

37.5
34.4

18.00
16.50

8
8

92

48
48
48
48

34.4
34.4
37.5
34.4

16.50
16.50
18.00
16.50

8
8
8
8

40.6 19.50
48
36.5 17.50
Ice house employees........... 37.5 18.00
48
33.3 16.00
Yardmen............................ 37.5 18.00
48
33.3 16.00
Minneapolis, Minn.: Carloaders. 31.7 19.00
60
31.7 19.00
(2
)
(10)
Omaha, Nebr.: Coal passers___ 37.5 18.00
48
33.3 16.00
Peoria, 111.: Coal passers........... 24.3 13.60
56
24.3 13.60
1 For Sunday, Memorial Day, and July 4; do not work on other holidays.
250 cents per hour.
a8 hours per day, 48 per week, November to April, inclusive.
*40 cents per hour.
535 cents per hour.
« 8 hours per day, 48 per week, October to March, inclusive.
* 73J hours per week. October to April, inclusive.
* Allowed 1 week on each year, with pay.
9 For Sunday: for holidays, time and a half.
1 60 cents per hour.
0

8
8
8

Coal shovelers.............
Ice house employees...
Kansas City, Mo.:
Head ice puller...........
Ice pullers...................
Barrel headers and
repairers..................
Condenser cleaners___
First yardmen............
Yardmen.....................
Milwaukee, W is.:




28.1
25.0
28.1
25.0
36.5

13.50
12.00

15.75
17.50
19.00
17.50

36.5 17.50
36.5 17.50
39.6 19.00
36.5 17.50

92
92
92

777

8
8

10
8
8

52

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS,

A,— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE. BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T a b le

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
L A B O R E R S — C on clud ed.

May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
wiih
time. and
holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half- hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
ITours of
labor—

Ivato of wages—

North Central-Concluded.
St. Louis, Mo.:
Barrel packers, crate han­ as. Dolls.
dlers, and machine men.. - 34.4 16.50
Freight handlers.................. 36.9 17.70
Laborers, bottling house_ 28.1 13.50
_
Laborers, brewery............... 32.5 15.60
Laborers, ice plant.............. 35.6 17.10
Cartoners............................ 18.8 9.00
St. Paul, Minn.......................... 123.0 13.80

Cts. Dolls.

34.4
36.9
28.1
32.5
35.6
18.8
23.0

48
48
48
48
48
48
G
O

39.6
33.3

19.00
16.00

48
48

33.9 19.00
40.7 22.00
27.1 13.00
28.6 16.00

56
54
48
56

37.5
37.0

18.00
20.00

48
54

25.0
39.6

<>
*

16.50
17.70
13.50
15.60
17.10
9.00
13.80

15.00
19.00

60
48

31.3
33.3
27.8
35.2
36.5
*39.6
39.6

19.00
18.00
15.00
19.00
17.50
19.00
19.00

South Central.
Dallas, Tex.:
Repairmen.........................
Repair men’s helpers..........
Houston, Tex.:
Ice pullers...........................
Repair m en........................
Louisville, K y...........................
Ice pullers...........................

39.6
33.3

19.00
16.00

«1
w

19.00
40.7 22.00
27.1 13.00
28.6 16.00

Western.
Denver, Colo.: Yardmen.......... 37.5
Portland, Oreg......................... 37.0
Salt Lake City, Utah: Ice pull­
ers........................................... 34.4
Seattle, Wash............................

18.00

20.00

16.50
19.00

%

MALTSTERS.

i

North Atlantic.
Buffalo, N. Y ...................
Newark, N. J...................
Helpers......................
Philadelphia, Pa.: Malt millers..
Pittsburgh, Pa.: Malt dryers.. .
Rochester, N. Y .: Malt millers...
Worcester, Mass.: Malt grinders.

32.7
33.3
27.8
39.6
36.5
39.6
39.6

17.00 n
18.00 <)
2
15.00 (V
19.00
17.50 if
19.00 (2)
19.00 <)
*

l
>4
il
<)
*
(2
)

8| 52
9 •54
9 54
8 8 48
48
8
48
8
8
48

85 60|
9 «54
9* 54
9 854
8
48
8
48
8
48

North Centra!.
Chicago, 111................................ 41.7 20.00
Malt house men.................. 47.9 23.00
Cincinnati,Ohio: Malt housemen 40.6 19.50
i Scale became 24 cents on June 1,1915.
* 50 cents per hour.
« For Labor Day, time and a half.
* 70 cents per hour.
®60 cents per hour.
« Allowed 1 day off each month, with pay.




8
48
34.5 19.00 8
55
48
8
47.9 23.00 8
48
8
48 ....... 39.6 19.00 8
48
i For Sunday; for holidays, no increase in rate.
8 Allowed 2 days off each year, with pay.
8 Work 7 hours, paid for 8.
w For May 1 and Labor Day, time and a half.
1 For Labor Day, 50 cents per hour.
1

)
(5 101
) (9
if 11H

53

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OP LABOB, MAY 1,1915.

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T a b le

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
MALTSTERS—Concluded.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Bate of wages—

Bate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
days
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holiPer
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half- hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
day. time.
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
North Central—Concluded.
Cts. Dolls.
37.0 20.00
Cleveland. Ohio_
_
39.8 21.50
Maltsters, first..
332.1 18.00
Detroit, Mich........
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Breweries.........
41.7 20.00
37.5 18.00
Malt houses..
37.5 18.00
Maltsters, first, malt house.
Malt millers.
41.7 20.00
Minneapolis, Minn................... 42.7 20.50
Omaha, Nebr........................... 38.4 21.50
St. Louis, Mo.:
Daywork.......................... 45.8 22.00
Night work........................ 47.9 23.00
Maltsters, first, daywork.. 67.4 32.31
Maltsters,first, nightwork. 72.1 34.61
St. Paul, Minn......................... 41.7 20.00

Cts. Dolls.
33.3 18,00
36.1 19.50
32.1 18.00

8
8
8

254
254
56

18.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
20.50
20.00

8
8
8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48
48
56

8
8
8
8
8

48
45.8 22.00
48
47.9 23.00
67.4 32.31
48
48 ......... 72.1 34.61
'48
41.7 20.00

8
8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48
48

1
U

8
8

756
48

33.9 19.00
41.7 20.00

8
8

*56
48

1

8

56

46.9 26.25

8

56

»1
n
1

8
8
8

48
1048
48

29.2 14.00
35.4 17.00
35.4 17.00

8
8
8

48
1048
48

26.8
31.3
29.5
34.8

15.00
17.50
16.50
19.50

8
8
8
8

1056
56
1 56
2
56

31.3 17.50
26.8 15.00

8
8

56
56

u
if
if

il
U
1

8
8
8

254
254
56

U
(?i
if
w
W

1
1
1
1
1
<*)

8
8
8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48
48
56

if
if
if
(5
>

1
1
1
1
1

35.7 20.00
41.7 20.00

if

50.0 28.00

<)
8

37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
42.7
35.7

South Central.
Louisville, K y................... .
Houston Tex.: Maltdryers..
Western.

OILERS.
North Atlantic.
29.2 14.00
35.4 17.00
35.4 17.00

1*
1*
(“ >

15.00
17.50
16.50
19.50

(*)
1*

1
1
1
1

8
8
8
8

1056
56
1256
48

31.3 17.50
26.8 15.00

Buffalo, N. Y ........................
Newark, N. J.: Oilers and helpers
New York, N .Y ......................
Philadelphia, Pa.: Oilers and
helpers..................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.........................
Providence. R. I...................... .
Rochester, N. Y ........................

(*)
1*

1
1

8
8

56
56

26.8
31.3
29.5
40.6

1$
if

South Atlantic.

1 For Sunday; work on holidays prohibited.
2Allowed 2 days off each month, with pay.
* Scale became 37 cents on Sept. 1,1915.
* 45 cents per hour.
& cents per hour.
50
®60 cents per hour.




7 Allowed 1 day off every 2 weeks, with pay.
» 70 cents per hour.
• For holidays; for Sunday, $2.50 per day.
1 Allowed 1 week off each year, with pay.
0
» Work prohibited.
is Allowed 1 day off each month, with pay.

54

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T able

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
OILERS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hoursof
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRat© of wages—

North Central.
Cincinnati, Ohio........................
Cleveland, Ohio....................... .
Detroit, Mich........................... .
Indianapolis, Ind.: Oilers, boil­
er washers and repair men__
Kansas City, Mo.......................
Oilers and wipers, engine
room............................... .
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Oilers, brewery.................. .
Oilers, malt house.............
Minneapolis, Minn................... .
Omaha, Nebr........................... .
St. Louis, Mo............................
Oilers and cleaners, auto
trucks..............................
Oilers, cleaners, and repair­
ers....................................
Oilers, power-house men,
and handy men...............

Cts.
33.9
33.0
33.9

DoUs.
19.00
18.50
19.00

32.8 15.75
43.8 21.00
39.6 22.17
40.6
34.4
35.4
39.6
35.1

19.50
16.50
19.83
19.00
16.85

38.5

18.50

41.7 20.00
38.0 18.25

56

Cts.
30.4
30.4
33.9

DoUs.
17.00
17.00
19.00

56
156
156

48
48

32.8 15.75
39.6 19.00

48
48

37.5 21.00

56

36.5
34.4
35.4
35.4
35.1

17.50
16.50
19.83
17.00
16.85

48
48
56
48
48

38.5 18.50

48

41.7 20.00

48

38.0 18.25

1
1
1 1
1

48

37.5 21.00
29.5 16.50
28.6 16.00

56
56
56

16
5
16
5

I1
2
1
1
II 1
li 1
% (?
1
li
1
li
1
li

56

South Central.
Houston, T ex..
Louisville, K y.,
Helpers......

10
37.5 2 .0
29.5 16.50
28.6 16.00

1
|

8 I 56
8 1 56
8 I 56

l|
li

PACKERS, BOTTLE BEER.

I
North Atlantic.
31.3 : 15.00

Manchester, N. H .: Packers and j
’ 33.3 16.00
Newark, N. J.: Packers and
barrel headers........................ 27.8 15.00
New York, N. Y ....................... 27.8 15.00
Philadelphia, Pa....................... 24.1 13.00
Assistant............................. 22.2 12.00

I

i

(5)

1

8

48 I........ |31.3

15.00

8

(6)

(#
)

8

48 1
........ 33.3

16.00

8

48

2
(7)

54
9
54
9
9 i »54
9 I «54

15.00
15.00
13.00
12.00

9
9
»10

54
54
»60
»60

li
li
l|
li

n

if

27.8
27.8
21.7
20.0

no

48

South Atlantic.

0
U9 I H54
25.9 14.00 119 .1154
25.9 114.00 (1 ) (10)
Baltimore, Md................
* Allowed 1 week off each year, with pay.
* For Sunday; for holidays, time and a half.
* 60 cents par hour.
* For Labor Day, time and a half.
»40 cents per hour.
* 50 cents per hour.
i For Sunday, 50cents per hour; for holidays, double time, except from May 15 to September 15, single time.
* Allowed 2 days off each year, with pay.
* 9 hours per day; 54 per week, October to March, inclusive.
1 35 cents per hour.
0
ii 8 hours per day, 48 per week, October to March, inclusive.



UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

55

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES. ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T able

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
PACKERS, BOTTLE BEER—Concluded.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half- hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourlyrate
multiplied
by—
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

South Central.
Dallas, Tex_
_
Houston, Tex.

Cts. DoUs.
35.4 17.00
38.5 18.50

Cts. Dolls.
35.4 17.00|
38.5 18.50 j

1 if
1

8
8

48
48

STABLEMEN.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass............
First stablemen..
Buffalo, N .Y .:
Daywork............
Nightwork.........
Manchester, N. H —
Newark, N. J...........
New Haven, Conn...,
New York, N. Y .:
Union A .............
Union B .............
Union C............. .
Philadelphia. Pa.:
Bottling house....
Brewery.............
Pittsburgh, Pa.........
Providence, R . I ......
First stablemen..
Rochester, N. Y .......
First stablemen..
Scranton, Pa............
Helpers..............
Worcester, Mass.:
Bottling house...
Brewery........ .
Head stablemen.

31.5
34.3

17.00
18.50

27.8 15.00
19.0 16.00
31.5 17.00
29.3 17.00
31.3 17.50
28.3
28.3
28.3

I1
)
n\
(ij
(i)
(l)

9
9

54
54

31.5
34.3

17.00
18.50

9
9

54
54

1

9
12
9
9
8

54
84
54
258
56

27.8
19.0
31.5
29.3
31.3

15.00
16.00
17.00
17.00
17.50

9
12
9
9
8

54
54
54
*58
56

10
10
10

60
60
60

28.3
28.3
28.3

17.00
17.00
17.00

10
10
10

60
60
60

9
810
9
9
9
9
9
10
10

263
8 63
^63
8 63
863
54
54
8 70
8 70

18.6
24.6
27.8
28.6
33.3
32.4
35.2
27.1
25.0

13.00
15.50
17.50
18.00
21.00
17.50
19.00
19.00
17.50

10
810
9
9
9
9
9
10
10

*70
8 63
*63
8 63
8 63
54
54
8 70
8 70

25.4 16.00
33.3 18.00
35.2 19.00

9
i°9
io 9

63
1054
1054

10
10
10
U
U

60
60
70
U66
H66

«
i
i
0)

17.00
17.00
17.00

C)
1
C)
1

*1
1
(<)

20.6 13.00
24.6 15.50
27.8 17.50
28.6 18.00
33.3 21.00
32.4 17.50
35.2 19.00
27.1 19.00
25.0 17.50

li
(5)
l
(l)
(l)
(v
(i)
li

1
1
1
1
1

25.4 16.00
33.3 18.00
35.2 19.00

$
0)

25.0 15.00
30.0 18.00
22.9 16.00
22.7 15.00
25.8 17.00

w
li
w
0)

h
i
i
i
W

9
63
109 1054
109 1 54
8

South Atlantic.
Baltimore, Md......
Stable bosses..
Richmond, Ya......
Washington, D. C.
Stable bosses..

2
2
1

10
60
10
60
10
66
11 W66
11 1166

25.0
30.0
22.9
22.7
25.8

15.00
18.00
16.00
15.00
17.00

0)
150 cents per hour.
* AUowed 2 days off each year, with pay.
8 For Sunday; for holidays, double tune, except from May 15 to Sept. 15, single time.
4 For Sunday, 50 cents per hour; for holidays, double time, except from May 15 to Sept. 15, single time.
840 cents per hour.
89 hours per day. 54 per week, October to March, inclusive.
7 Allowed one-half day off each week, with pay.
8 Allowed 1 day off each month, with pay.
8 AUowed 1 week off each year, with pay.
1 8 hours per day, 48 per week, December to March, inclusive.
8
54 hours per week, Oct. 15 to Apr. 14.




56

BULLETIN OF THE BUBEAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.—
UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T a b le

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
STABLEMEN—Concluded.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
days
Geographical division and city.
Over­ ancl
with
time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per
Per week,
full full half- hour.
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
North Central.

a s.
25.0
26.2
22.9
31.5
25.0
23.0

Dolls.
17.50
16.50
16.00
17.00
17.50
14.50

H
1
1
IJ
1
1

1
1
81
(«)
1
1

28.6
28.6
31.7
28.6
28.3
37.0
26.7
26.3
i«18.7

18.00
18.00
20.00
18.00
17.00
20.00
16.00
15.75
13.07

i7
)
$
u
(7
)
I7
)
M
u
(7
)

81
(*)
81
1

South Central.
24.3
Dallas, Tex.......................
30.2
Houston, Tex...................
1817.9
Little Rock, Ark..............
26.9
Louisville, K y..................
Stablemen: also do hauling., 28.7
24.2
New Orleans, La..............

17.00
19.00
15.00
14.50
15.50
14.50

ij
i
(” )

Western.
Denver, Colo..........
Los Angeles, C a l....
Portland, Oreg.......
San Francisco, Cal..
Seattle, Wash.........

18.70
21.00
22.00
24.00
21.00

Q
(*°1

Chicago, HI............... .
Cincinnati, Ohio........
Cleveland, Ohio....... .
Detroit, Mich........... .
Grand Rapids. Mich.
Indianapolis, Ind......
Kansas City, Mo.:
Daywork.............
Nightwork....... .
First stablemen..
Milwaukee. W is....... .
Minneapolis, M inn....
Omaha, Nebr........... .
Peoria, 111..................
St. Louis, Mo........... .
St. Paul, Minn..........

34.6
33.3
M
40.7
40.0
33.3

Per Per Per
week, full week,
full day. full
time.
time.

Os.
25.0
25.4
20.0
31.5
22.9
23.0

Dolls.
17.50
16.00
14.00
17.00
16.00
14.50

9 63
9 63
9 63
9 i®63
10 60
9 54
uiO U60
10 60
10 70

27.0
27.0
30.2
25.4
28.3
33.3
26.7
26.3
18.7

9
63
17.00
9
17.00
63
19.00
9
63
16.00
9 1 63
0
17.00
10
60
9
18.00
54
16.00 uiO H60
15.75
10
60
13.07
10
70

1 1*
8
151
1
1|
iI
l|
(W)
2

4
10 1 70
9 63
12 84
1 9 1 54
8 8
1 9 1 54
8 8
10 60

24.3
30.2
17.9
26.9
28.7
19.3

17.00
19.00
15.00
14.50
15.50
13.50

(7)
12
8
(**)
(*)
1

9 54
9 163
9 54
10 60
9 63

34.6
33.3
40.7
40.0
33.3

18.70
21.00
22.00
24.00
21.00

(»
a

I7
)
(7
)
1
1

10
9
10
9
10
9

170
858|
<70
54
870
163

i Allowed 1 day off every 2 weeks, with pay.
s Work 58| hours, paid for 63.
« For Sunday; work on holidays prohibited.
4Allowed 2 days off each month, with pay.
» Work prohibited.
•Allowed 2 weeks off each year, with pay.
150 cents per hour.
« For Sunday; work one-half day on holidays,
__________
9 For Sunday, 50 cents per hour; work one-half day on holidays, paid for full day.
1 Allowed 1 day off every 2 weeks, and every other holiday off, with pay.
0
u 9 hours per day, 54 per week, October to March, inclusive.
i2Scale became 20 cents on June 1,1915.
MFor holidays; for Sunday, no increase in rate.
“ Allowed 1 day off each month, with pay.
w For Labor Day, time and a half.
i« Scale became 19 cents on July 1,1915.
1 35 cents per hour.
7
1 8 hours per day, 48 per week, October to March, inclusive,
8
w 25 conts per hour more than single time.
*o 75 cents per hour.
2 Scale became 42.6 cents on May 16,1915.
1
** 60 cents per hour.
» 65 cents per hour.




Hours of
labor—

10
9
10
9
10
9

170
*58*
<70
54
870
163

10 1 70
4
9
63
12
84
189 1 54
8
189 1 54
8
10
70
9
9
9
10
9

54
163
54
60
63

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

57

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T a b le

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
WASHERS.
May 1,1915.

May 1,,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
days
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per
Per week,
full full half- hour.
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
North Atlantic.
Cts. Dolls.
Philadelphia, Pa....................... 22.2 12.00
Providence. R . I ..................... 35.4 17.00
Scranton, Pa.: Soakers and
rinsers..................................... 29.2 14.00

1*
(8)

9
8

154
48

1*

*2

8

48

n

00

8

H
1
C
O
11

8

1*
<*)

Hours of
labor—

Per Per Per
week, full week,
full
full
time. day. time.

Cts. Dolls.
20.0 12.00
35.4 17.00

10
8

i 60
48

8

48

29.2

1400

48

36.5

17.50

8

48

48

28.1

13.50

8

48

8
8
8

48
48
48

39.6
35.4
18.8

19.00
17.00
9.00

8
8
8

'48
18
48

North Central.
Chicago.HI.: Washers.wagon..
Grand Rapids, Mich.: washers,
boiler......................................
Kansas City, Mo.: Washers,
boiler......................................
Omaha^Nebr.: Washers,boiler.
Peoria, 111..................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Soakers and rinsers.............
Washers, boiler...................
Washers, bottles..................

36.5

17.50

30.2 14.50
43.8 21.00
39.6 19.00
21.9 10.50

<*}

16.50
16.75
16.00

?

?
1*

8
8
8

48
48
48

344
34.9
33.3

16.50
16.75
16.00

8
8
8

48
48
48

35.4 17.00

n

n

8

48

85.4 17.00

8

48

n

8

48

37.5 18.00

8

48

34.4
34.9
33.3

South Central.
Dallas, Tex................... .
Western.
Portland, Oreg.: Rinsers, tinfoilers, and truckers................ 37.5 18.00

WASHHOUSE MEN.
North Atlantic.
37.5 18.00 (2)
8
48
Boston, Mass.....................
37.5 18.00
8
48
41.7 20.00 (*)
8
48
Washhouse men, first.
8
41.7 20.00
48
\V
35.4 17.00 (2)
35.4 17.00
Bridgeport, Conn...............
8
48
8
48
V/
Buffalo, N. Y .....................
38.5 18.50 (2)
8
48
38.5 18.50
8
48
w
43.8 21.00 (*)
8
Washhouse men, first.
48
43.8 21.00
8
48
w
733.3 16.00 (*)
8
48
33.3 16.00
8
Fall River, Mass................
48
w
m
839.6 19.00 (2)
8
Washhouse men, first.
48
39.6 19.00
8
48
33.3 16.00 (2)
Manchester, N. H ..............
8
48
33.3 16.00
8
48
w
Washhouse men, first.
37.5 18.00 (2)
8
48
37.5 18.00
8
48
w
M
37.5 18.00 (S)
Newark, N. J.....................
8
48
37.5 18.00
8
48
38.5 18.50 (*)
New Haven, Conn.............
8
48
38.5 18.50
8
48
(v
1Allowed 2 days off each year, with pay.
*50 cents per hour.
>60 cents per hour.
* For Sunday, Memorial Day, and July 4; do not work on other holidays.
* Work prohibited.
•Work on Sunday, New Year, and Christmas prohibited; work 4 hours on Memorial Day and Thanks­
giving, and 3 hours on May 1 and Labor Day; paid for full day.
7Scale became 34.4 cents on June 1,1915.
8Scale became 40.6 cents on June 1,1915.




58

BULLETIN OF THE BUBEAU OF LABOB STATISTICS.

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
WASHHOUSE MEN—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hoursof
labor—

Bate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. fuU full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

North Atlantic—
Concluded.
New York, N. Y .......................
Washhouse men, first*
Philadelphia, Pa.......................
Washhouse men, first....... .
Pittsburgh. Pa..........................
Washhouse men, first........
Providence, B. I .......................
Washhouse men, first, 4 or
more men, Union A ........
Washhouse men. first, 4 or
more men, Union B ........
Washhouse men, first........
Rochester, N. Y ........................
W ash h o u se m en , fir s t ........ .

Scranton, Pa.............................
Washhouse men, first....... .
Worcester, Mass........................
Washhouse men, first........

Cts.
37.5
41.7
31.5
37.0
39.6
42.7
38.5

Cts.
37.5
41.7
35.4
41.7
39.6
42.7
38.5

Dolls.
18.00

19.00
20.50
18.50

<48
48
48
48

44.8

21.50

48

44.8 21.50

48

49.0
42.7
37.5
44.8
36.5
39.6
39.6
41.7

23.50
20.50
18.00
21.50
17.50
19.00
19.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

49.0
42.7
37.5
44.8
36.5
39.6
39.6
41.7

23.50
20.50
18.00
21.50
17.50
19.00
19.00

20.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

35.4 17.00
37.5 18.00
37.5 18.00
41.7 20.00

48
48
48
48

48
48

20.00

<8
4

17.00

20.00

20.00

DoUs.
18.00
20.00

17.00

20.00

19.00
20.50
18.50

48
48
*54
554
48
48
48

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.......................
Baltimore, Md...................
Washington, D. C.............
Washhouse men, first.

35.4 17.00
37.5 18.00
37.5 IS. 00
41.7 20.00

1 1
* *
C 8
1 2
)

North Central.
Chicago, 111........................
47.9 23.00
48
47.9 23.00
Cincinnati, Ohio................
38.5 18.50
37.5 18.00
48
Cleveland, Ohio.................
41.7 20.00
37.5 18.00
48
Washhouse men, first.
44.8 21.50
40.6 19.50
48
Detroit, Mich.....................
43.8 21.00
48
43.8 21.00
Grand Rapids, Mich..........
35.4 17.00
48
33.3 16.00
1:
Indianapolis, Ind...............
1
37.5 18.00
48
37.5 18.00
Kansas city, Mo................
47.9 23.00
1
48
45.8 22.00
Washhouse men, first.
52.1 25.00
1
48
50.0 24.00
Milwaukee, W is................
1
34.4 16.50
38.5 18.50
48
Minneapolis, Minn.............
42.7 20.50
48
42.7 20.50
Omaha, Nebr.....................
37.5 18.00
37.5 18.00
48
Peoria, HI..........................
36.5 17.50
48
34.4 16.50
St. Louis, Mo.....................
43.8 21.00
43.8 21.00
48
Washhouse men, first.
47.9 23.00
48
17.9 23.00
I
(iI)
St. Paul, Minn..................
41.7 20.00
43
“ 41.7 20.00
150 cents per hour.
*For Sunday, 60 cents per hour; for holidays, double time, except from May 15to Sept. 15, single time.
8For Sunday; for holidays, no increase in rate.
4Allowed 2 days off each year, with pay.
*8 hours per day, 48 per week, October to March, inclusive.
•60 cents per hour.
7For Sunday, Memorial Day, and July 4; do not work on other holidays.
* For New Year and Christmas, no increase in rate.
9For Labor Day, 50 cents per hour.
Work prohibited.
1 Scale became 42.7 cents on June 1.1915.
1
MNew Year, July 4, Labor Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas are usually observed as hoUdays: if work
Is performed, 50 cents per hour for each hour worked is paid in addition to the day’s pay. For other holi­
days and for Sunday, 50 cents per hour.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

59

T a b l e A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—^ ontinued.
C
BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Continued.
WASHHOUSE MEN—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
i
ber
Sun­
of
days
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per SaturPer Per Per
days. Per week,
Per week,
Per
full full SSL hour. week, full weeic,
hour. full
full day. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
South Central.
Dallas, Texas................
Houston, Tex...............
Little Rock, Ark..........
Louisville, K y..............
New Orleans, La..........

Cts.
43.8
47.9
127.5
36.5
37.5

DoUs.
21.00
23.00
16.50
17.50
18.00

1J
l|
(*)
H
(*)

u
u
u
u
(*)

Cts. Dolls.
43.8 21.00
47.9 23.00
27.5 16.50
36.5 17.50
37.5 18.00

8
8
10
8
8

48
48
60
43
48

48
48
684
84
784
48
»63
84
63
70

37.5
38.5
17.9
19.0
20.8
39.6
31.7
21.4
28.6
28.6

18.00
18.50
15.00
16.00
17.50
19.00
20.00
18.00
18.00
20.00

8
8
12
12
12
8
9
12
9
10

48
48
584
84
7 84
48
»63
84
63
70

8
8
10
8
8

48
48
60
48
48

8
8
12
12
12
8
9
12
9
10

WATCHMEN.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Brewery..................
Stables....................
Bridgeport, Conn..........
Fall River, Mass...........
New Haven, Conn........
Pittsburgh, Pa..............
Providence, R. I ...........
Rochester, N. Y ...........
Scranton, Pa.................
Worcester, Mass............

37.5
38.5
17; 9
«19.0

18.00
18.50
15.00
16.00
17.50
19.00
20.00
18.00
18.00
20.00

W
s4
>
v)

(4
)
1*
1

(4
1
W
i
i
i
i*
i
i
i
i

21.4

20.0

15.00
14.00

C)
4
(9
)

i
i

70
10
10 1070

21.4
20.0

15.00
14.00

10
10

70
1070

19.6
25.7
24.7

16.50
18.00
19.00

H
l
H

i
i
i

12 H84
2
10 1 70
11 1177

19.0
24.3
24.7

16.00
17.00
19.00

12
10
11

U84
1270
u 77

| 22.00
.3
1^15.1 13.75

n
(2
>

i
i

8
13

56
91

39.3
15.1

22.00
13.75

8
13

56
91

20.8

39.6
31.7
21.4
28.6
28.6

(4
)
1§

South Atlantic.
Baltimore, Md.:
Union A ..................
Union B ..................
North Central.
Cincinnati. Ohio...........
Grand Rapids, Mich—
Indianapolis, Ind..........
South Central.
Houston, Tex...............
Little Rock, Ark..........




I Scale became 29.2 cents on July 1,1915.
*35 cents per hour.
860 cents per hour.
450 cents per hour.
6Allowed 2 days off each year, with pay.
6Scale became 19.6 cents on June 1,1915.
7Allowed 1 week off each year, with pay.
8Allowed 1 day off each month, with pay.
•40 cents per hour.
wAllowed 10 days' off each year, with pay.
II Allowed 2 days off each month, with pay.
1 Allowed 2 weeks off each year, with pay.
2
1 Scale became 16.2 cents on July 1,1915.
3

60

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T a b le

BREWERY AND BOTTLING-HOUSE WORKMEN—Concluded.
MISCELLANEOUS OCCUPATIONS.
May 1,1915.

May 1, 1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full
hour. full
full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

North Atlantic.
Cts. Dolls.
Boston, Mass.:
1
Floormen, bottle beer.......... 29.2 14.00
Floormen, brewery............. 39.6 19 00 h)
18.50 (*)
Buffalo, N. Y .: Pitch yard men.
8
Newark, N. J.: Shipping room
men........................................ 39.6 19.00 (*)
(3
)
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Pipe fitters.......................... 40.6 19.50
Pipe fitters’ helpers............. 36.5 17.50
11
n
Rochester, N. Y .:
Grain dryers........................ 39.6 19.00
<?
Water tenders, boiler*.. . . . . 42.7 20.50 %
Scranton, Pa.:
AfftllTIAH
............................... 33.3 16.00
*2
n
33.3 16.00
Grain drvers................ .
i i *2
Grain dryers, first............... 37.5 18.00
i i *2

Cts. Dolls.
29.2 14.00
8
48
8
48
39.6 19.00
8
38.5 48 ........ 38.5 18.50

8
8
8

48
48
48

8

48

39.6

19.00

8

48

8
8

48
48

40.6
36.5

19.50
17.50

8
8

48
48

8
8

48
48

39.6 19.00
36.6 20.50

8
8

48
56

8
8
8

48
48
48

33.3
33.3
37.5

16.00
16.00
18.00

8
8
8

48
48
48

26.8 15.00
41.7 20.00

8
8

56
48

South Atlantic.
Baltimore Md.: Grain dryers— 26.8 15.00
Washington, D. C.: Rackers___ 41.7 20.00

(*)
i*

1
li

8
8

56
48

North Central.
Chicago, HI.: Pitch yard m en...
Kansas City, Mo.: Beer inspec­
tors.........................................
Milwaukee, W is.:
Grain dryers........................
Pitch yard men...................
Peoria, HI.: Floormen...............

47.9

23.00

48

47.9 23.00

8

48

13.00

li

li
62

8

27.1

8

48

25.0

12.00

8

48

37.5 '18.00
38.5 18.50
30.2 14.50

ii
li
li

ii
if
ii

8
8
8

48
48
48

33.3
34.4
27.1

16.00
16.50
13.00

8
8
8

48
48
48

43.8 21.00

li

ii

8

48

43.8 21.00

8

48

8
8
8
8
9
8
8
9

48
56
48
48
63
48
48 1
54

43.8
38.4
56.3
35.4
31.7
50.0
31.3
23.1

21.00
21.50
27.00
17.00
20.00
24.00
15.00
12.50

8
8
8
8
9
8
8
9

48
56
48
48
63
48
48
54

8

48

37.5

18.00

8

48

South Central.
Dallas, Tex.: Grain dryers........
Houston, Tex.:
Coil and faucet men...........
Condenser men....................
Pipe fitters..........................
Pipe fitters’ helpers.............
Platform men.....................
Stampers.............................
Louisville, K y.: Platform men..
New Orleans, La.: Floormen. . .

43.8
38.4
56.3
35.4
31.7
50.0
35.4
23.1

21.00
21.50
27.00
17.00
20.00
24.00
17.00
12.50

ii
li
if
If

if
if
li
li

li
•1
ii
ii
«i
ii
li
li

Seattle, Wash.: Pumpmen........ 37.5

18.00

li

’ li

Western.

140 cents per hour.
*50 cents per hour.
*68 cents per hour.
4For Sunday, Memorial Day, and July 4; do not work on other holidays.
* For Sunday; for holidays, time and a half.
6For Labor Day, time and a half.
TFor holidays; for Sunday, no increase in rate.




61

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 1, 1915.

A — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
*
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T a ble

BUILDING TRADES*
BRICKLAYERS.
May 1» 1915*

May 1,, 1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages-

Bate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
days
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
day. time.
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
North Atlantic.

Cts.
65.Q
60.0
65.0
60.0
60.0
65.0
60.0
75.0
65.0
70.0
65.0
65.0
60.0
65.0

Dolls.
28.60
26.40
131.20
28.80
26.40
28.60
26.40
33.00
28.60
30.80
28.60
28.60
826.40
28.60

2
2
lj
1
*1
2
2
2
42
lj
1
7 lj
1
1

2
8
2
8
22
8
8
1*
2
8
2
8
2
8
2
8
52 • 8
•2
8
•2
8
8
2
»2
8
2
8

44
44
148
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
844
44

Cts. Dolls.
12 65.0 28.60
12 60.0 26.40
3 65.0 131.20
60.0 28.80
12 60.0 26.40
12 65.0 28.60
12 60.0 26.40
12 75.0 33.00
12 65.0 28.60
12 70.0 30.80
12 65.0 28.60
12 65.0 28.60
5 60.0 826.40
12 65.0 28.60

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
148
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
844
44

45.0
45.0
70.0
40.0
62.5
65.0
66.7

22.50
22.50
1031.50
21.60
30.00
29.25
30.00

lj
1
1
1
1
*1
1

2
2
•2
2
2
1*2
2

50
50
1045
1*53
48
i<45
1545

12 45.0 22.50
1 45.0 23.85
12 62.5 H28.13
40.0 21.60
62.5 30.00
65.0 29.25
66.7 30.00

9
9
8
9
8
8
8

50
53
1145
1*53
48
M45
1545

75.0 33.00
lj i«2
12 75.0 33.00
44
8
8
77.5 34.10
1 i« 2
12 77.5 34.10
8
44
8
70.0 31.50
1
12 65.0 29.25
Cincinnati, Ohio........
8
45
8
li
8
70.0 1730.80
1 12
7
4 70.0 1730.80
Cleveland, Ohio........
8 1 44
8
65.0 i»28.60
Detroit, Mich............
2
8 w 44
6 65.0 »28.60
8
1
65.0 1028.60
li
2
Grand Rapids, Mich..
0
8 1 44
6 65.0 1028.60
8
2
75.0 33.00 7 li
44
12 75.0 33.00
Indianapolis, Ind......
8
8
i 44 hours and $28.60 per week, June to August, inclusive.
* And on Saturday afternoon, June to August, inclusive.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
4 On new work; on repair work, time and a half.
* For holidays and on new work on Sunday; on repair work on Sunday, time and a half.
* And on Saturday afternoon.
7Until 7 p. m.; double time thereafter.
848 hours and $28.80 per week, October to April, inclusive.
* And after 5 p. m. on Saturday. May to September, inclusive.
io 44 hours ana $30.80 per week, November to March, inclusive.
1144 hours and $27.50 per week, November to March, inclusive,
u Work 53 hours, paid for 54.
For Sunday, July 4, and Christmas; for other holidays, time and a half.
1 44* hours per week, December to February, inclusive.
4
m44* hours per week, October to April, inclusive.
mWork on Labor Day prohibited.
1 48 hours and $33.60 per week, September to April, inclusive,
7
u And on Saturday afternoon. May to August, inclusive.
1 48 hours and $31.20 per week, November to April, inclusive.
9

44
44
45
1 44
7
1 44
0
1 44
0
44

Boston, Mass................
Bridgeport, Conn..........
...............
Fall River, Mass...........
Manchester, N. H .........
Newark, N. J................
New Haven, Conn........
New York, N .Y ..........
Philadelphia, Pa...........
Pittsburgh, Pa.............
Providence, B . I ...........
Rochester, N. Y ...........
Scranton, Pa.................
Worcester, Mass............
South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Union A .........
Union B .........
Baltimore, M d.. . .
Charleston. S. C ...
Jacksonville, F la ..
Richmond, v a .. . .
Washington, D. C.

9
9
8
9
8
8
8

North Central.
Chicago, 1 1
1.




62

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
BRICKLAYERS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages-

Rate of

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
days
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
fuU full half- hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
day. time.
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byNorth Central—Concluded.
Cts.
Kansas City, Mo....................
75.0
Milwaukee, Wis..................... . 67.5
Minneapolis, Minn.................
70.0
Omaha, Nebr......................... . 870.0
Peoria, III................................ 75.0
St. Louis, Mo........................... 75.0
St. Paul, Minn....................... . 70.0

Dolls.
33.00
29.70
33.60
30.80
33.00
33.00

"i
9
2

2
2

Cts.
75.0
67.5
70.0
70.0
70.0
75.0
70.0

2
22
2
2
2
2
2

Dolls.
33.00
29.70
33.60
30.80
30.80
33.00

70.0
50.0
87.5
87.5
75.0
65.0
75.0
62.5

*30.80
27.00

444
54

38.50
•33.00
31.20
33.00
27.50

44
6 44
43
44
44

75.0
75.0
75.0
80.0
87.5
75.0
75.0

33.00
33.00
33.00
35.20
38.50
33.00
33.00

44
44
44
44
44
44
41

44
44
48
44
44
44
48

Sooth Central.
Birmingham, Ala....................
Fire-brick work............... .
Balias, Tex.............................
Houston, Tex..........................
Little Rock, Ark....................
Louisville, Ky........................
Memphis, Term......................
New Orleans, La....................

70.0
50.0
87.5
87.5
75.0
65.0
75.0
62.5

<30.80
27.00
38.50
38.50
•33.00
28.60
33.00
27.50

2
62
2
52
2
62
2

444
54
44
44
•44
44
44
44

38.50

44

Western.
. Benver, Colo..........................
Los Angeles, Cal.....................
Portland, Oreg........................
Sait Lake City, Utah.............
San Francisco, Cal..................
Seattle, Wash..........................
Spokane, Wash......................

75.0 33.00
75.0 33.00
75.0 33.00
80.0 35.20
87.5 38.50
75.0 33.00
75.0 33.00

2
52
52

BRICKLAYERS: Sewer, tunnel, and caisson work.
North Atlantic.
2
2
12 70.0 30.80
44
8
70.0
30.80
8
Boston, Mass..........
2
2
44
12 68.8 30.25
8
68.8 30.25
New Haven, Conn..
8
82
72
44
12 70.0 30.80
8
Philadelphia, P a ...
70.0 30.80
8
52
12 75.0 33.00
44
75.0
33.00
8
8
Providence, R. I . . .
2
12 75.0 33.00
8
44
Rochester, N. Y ....
75.0
33.00
8
•if
i On new work; on repair work, doable time.
* Work on Labor Bay and Saturday afternoon prohibited.
>Scale became 72.5 cents on September 23,1915, and 75 cents on December 1,1915.
* 48 hours and $33.60 per week, October to December, inclusive.
« And on Saturday afternoon.
•48 hours and 136 per week, October to April, inclusive.
1 0n new work; on repair work, time and a half.
8 For holidays and on new work on Sunday; on repair work on Sunday, time and a half.
• Until 7 p. m.; double time thereafter.




44
44
44
44
44

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 1, 1915.

68

T a b le A .— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
BRICKLAYERS: Sewer, tunnel, and caisson work—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1, 1914.

Hours of
Bate of
wages—
labor—
■Tn.
\nn
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
3'cr
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week',
Per week,
full full half- hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages-

North Central.
Cleveland, Ohio.........................
Detroit, Mich.............................
Milwaukee, Wis........................
Omaha, Nebr............................
St. Lotus, Mo.............................

Cts.
125.0
100.0
75.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

Dolls.
55.00
*44.00
433.00
44.00
44.00
44.00

Dolls.
55.00
*44.00
<33.00
44.00
44.00
44.00

8
8
8
8
8
8

44
* 41
*44
44
44
44

44

12 100.0 44.00

8

44

44

12 87.5

38.50

8

44

12
32
2
52
2
<2

8
8
8
8
8
8

44
*44
444
44
44
44

2

2

8

IJ

72

8

1|
1|
1*
2
2
2

12
4
6
12
12
12

Cts.
125.0
100.0
75.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

South Central.
Houston, Tex............................ 100.0 44.00
Western.
Seattle, Wash............................ 87.5

38.50

BUILDING LABORERS.
North Atlantic.
35.0
28.1
22.5

16.80
12.38
10.80

1}
1*
1*

2
2
8a

8
8
8

48
44
48

35.0
12 28.1
22.5

16.80
12.38
10.80

8
8
8

48
44
48

37.5
25.0
31.3
25.0
28.0

18.00
13.50
15.00
12.50
13.44

a
if
•l|
ll
(10)

2
2
2
2
2

8
9
8
9
8

48
54
48
50
48

37.5
25.0
31.3
12 25.0
28.0

18.00
13.50
15.00
12.50
13.44

8
9
8
9
8

48
54
48
50
48

22.5
25.0

12.15
13.50

a
ll

a
ll

9
9

54
54

22.5
25.0

12.15
13.50

9
9

54
54

Washington, D. C..................... 25.0

12.00

a

2

8

48

25.0

12.00

8

48

Bridgeport, Conn...................
New York, N. Y .: Excavating..
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Building work................
Excavating.....................
Plumbing work..............
Providence, B. I .......................
Rochester, N. Y .: Excavating..
Scranton. Pa.:
Building work................
Excavating.....................
South Atlantic.

North Central.
Chicago, HI.:
Excavating......................... 40.0 17.60 1 a
2
8
1
Tunnel, well, and caisson
work................................ 57.6 25.30 ii a
2
8
Windlass, trench, and scaf­
fold work......................... 50.0 22.00 a a
2
8
i Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* 48 hours and $48 per week, September to April, inclusive.
* And on Saturday afternoon. May to August, inclusive.
* 48hours Mid$36jper week2November to April, inclusive.

44

12 40.0

17.60

8

44

44

12 57.5

25.30

8

44

44

12 50.0

22.00

8

44

y; work on other holidays prohibited,
ay afternoon. Work on I *
’ ’ “ '
s For holidays; for Sunday, double time.
•Until midnight; double time thereafter, and after 4 p. m. on Saturday.
1 33 cents for first hour; time and a half thereafter.
0
1 Until midnight; double time thereafter.
1




64

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T a b le

BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
BUILDING LABORERS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

May 1, 1914.
Rate of

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full fuU half- hour. fuU fuU fuU
hour. fuU
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
North Central—Concluded.
Cincinnati, Ohio........................
Cleveland, Ohio........................
Grand Rapids,M idi.: Excavat­
ing..........................................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Building work.....................
Plumbing work..................
Peoria, B l...............................
St. Louis, Mo............................

as. Dolls.
12.50
15.00

25.0

31.3

25.0

as. Dolls.
12 25.0 12.50
31.3 15.00

a

13.50

54

30.0 14.40
32.5 15.60
34.4 15.13
25.0 11.00

48
48
44
44

30.0
25.0

13.50

35.0 16.80
37.5 18.00
34.4 15.13
25.0 11.00

13.20
11.00

44
44

12 34.4
37.5

15.13
18.00

44
48

31.3
27.8
37.5
43.8

15.00
15.00
16.50
19.25

48
54
44
44

25.0

■P
1*

50
48

2
2
2
32

South Central.
Dallas, Tex................................ 30.0 13.20
Houston, Tex............................ 25.0 11.00
Western.
Los Angeles, Cal........................
Portland, Oreg.........................
San Francisco, Cal.:
Buflding work....................
Excavating.........................
Seattle, Wash............................
Spokane, Wash.........................

34.4
37.5

15.13
1&00

31.3
27.8
37.5
43.8

15.00
15.00
16.50
19.25

1*
32
32
32
32

CARPENTERS.
North Atlantic.
44
12 55.0 24.20
8
2
2
Boston, Mass..... ....................... *55.0 24.20
44
8
12 46.9 20.63
2
Bridgeport, Conn...................... 46.9 20.63
2
8 <48
3 50.0 <24.00
Buffalo, N .Y ............................ 50.0 <24.00
if
8
41
Fall River,Mass................. .
2
3 44.0 21.12
44.0 19.36
if
32
8
Manchester, N. H ..................... 40.0 19.20
48 .... . 40.0 19.20
1*
44
12 50.0 22.00
8
2
2
Newark, N. J............................ 50.0 22.00
8
44
12 50.0 22.00
2
New Haven, Conn..................... 50.0 22.00 l «
New York, N. Y .:
44
12 62.5 27.50
8
2
Outside, Manhattan........... 62.5 27.50
2
Inside benchmen, Manhat­
44
12 50.0 22.00
tan................................... 50.0 22.00
2
2
8
Outside, Brooklyn, Bronx,
44
12 56.3 24.75
2
2
8
and Queens...................... 56.3 24.75
8
44
12 50.0 22.00
2
2
Outside. Richmond....... .
50.0 22.00
Inside benchmen, Brook­
lyn, Bronx, Queens, and
44
12 47.3 20.79
2
8
Richmond....................... 50.0 22.00
2
44
8
12 55.0 24.20
Philadelphia, Pa....................... 55.0 24.20 ‘ 1* 32
i Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* Scale became 57 cents on July 1,1915.
« 44 hours and $22 per week, June to August, inclusive.
* Until 10 p. m .; double time thereafter, and after 5 p. m. on Saturday.




8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
<48
48
48
44
44

8

44

8

44

8
8

44
44

8
8

44
44

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOUBS OP LABOR, MAY 1 , 1&15.

65

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T a ble

BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
CARPENTERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.

M a y l, 1914.

Hours of
labor—

Hours of
Rate of
labor—
wages—
Vnm.
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full
full
hour. full
full half- hour. full day. full
day.
time.
time.
time. holi­
time.
days.
Hourlyrate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

North Atlantic—Concluded.

Cts.
62.5
*50.0
50.0
47.5
47.8

Dolls.
27.55
22.00
22.00
22.80
21.01

Cts.
12 56.3
12 50.0
12 50.0
47.5
12 47.8

DoUs.
24.75
22.00
22.00
22.80
21.01

8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
48
44

12 40.0 20.00
7 43.8 519.25
33.3 18.00
37.5 18.00
37.5 18.00
12 50.0 22.25

9
8
9
8
8
8

50
544
•53
48
48
44*

28.60
22.25
24.20
19.20
22.25
26.40
22.00
24.00
22.00
26.40
27.50
24.00

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44*
44
48
44*
44
44
48
44
44
44
48

1]
Birmingham, Ala..
2
8 48
45.0 21.60
45.0 21.60
Dallas, Tex...........
2
8 44
. 60.0 26.40 li li
12 55.0 24.20
92
li
8 44
Houston, Tex.......
12 56.3 24.75
, 56.3 24.75
1J
22
8 48
Little Rock, A rk..
50.0 24.00 M
50.0 24.00
li
12
8 44
Louisville, K y___
12 45.0 19.80
45.0 19.80
13i;
Memphis. Tenn...
2
8 44
12 50.0 22.00
50.0 22.00
2
8 48 ........ 40.0 19.20
New Orleans,La..
, 40.0 19.20
!
.* And on Saturday afternoon. Work on Labor Day prohibited.
*Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* And after 5 p. m. on Saturday.
* Until 9 p. m.; double time thereafter.
* 48 hours and $21 per week, November to March, inclusive.
« Work 53 hours, paid for 64.
* Scale became 70 cents on July 10,1915.
* Scale became 00 cents on Nov. 1,1915.
9 And on Saturday afternoon.
10Work on July 4 and Labor Day prohibited.
u Until midnight; double time thereafter, and on Saturday afternoon,
w Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter,
i* Until midnight; double time thereafter.

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

48
44
44
48
44
44
48

Pittsburgh, P a ...
Providence. R. I .
Rochester, N. Y ..
Scranton, Pa.......
Worcester, Mass..

1*
2
l\

»2
*2
2
*2
2

8
8
8
8
8

2
12
2
2
2
2

9 50
8 544
9 •53
8 48
8 48
8 44*

2
•2
2
*2
•2
92

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
48
44

Sooth Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...........
Baltimore, Md___
Charleston, S. C ...
Jacksonville, F la ..
Richmond, va ___
Washington, D. C.

40.0 20.00
43.8 519.25
33.3 18.00
37.5 18.00
37.5 18.00
55.0 24.48

l
l
lll

North Central.
Chicago, HI................
Cincinnati, Ohio........
Cleveland, Ohio.........
Grand Rapids, M ich..
Indianapolis, Ind.......
Kansas City .M o........
Milwaukee. W is........
Minneapolis, M inn....
Omaha, Nebr............
Peoria, HI..................
St. Louis, Mo.............
St. Paul, Minn...........

^65.0
*55.0
55.0
40.0
55.0
65.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
60.0
62.5
50.0

28.60
24.48
24.20
19.20
24.20
28.60
22.00
24.00
22.00
26.40
27.50
24.00

2
1*
2

li
li
li
A
i
i\
M

2

U

2

2
2
•2
102
102

44
12 65.0
44*
12 50.0
44
12 55.0
48
40.0
44 “ 12 50.0
44
12 60.0
44
12 50.0
48
50.0
44 ' *i2 50.0
44
12 60.0
44
12 62.5
48
50.0

South Central.

30061°— B u ll. 194— 16------- 5




66

BULLETIN* OF THE BUREAU OF LABOB STATISTICS.

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Continued.
CARPENTERS—Concluded.
M a y l, 1914.

May 1,1915.

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
days
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
fuU full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time.
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byWestern.
Denver, Colo.............................
Los Angeles, Oftl,, T .............
,,
Portland, Oreg..........................
Dock and bridge work........
Dock and bridge work,
boom men........................
Salt Lake City, Utah................
San Francisco, Cal.....................
Stair builders......................
Seattle, Wash............................
Spokane, Wash.........................

as. DoUs.
60.0 26.40
50.0 24.00
50.0 22.00
44.4 24.00

1

50.0
62.5
62.5
68.8
56.3
56.3

27.00
27.50
27.50
30.25
24.75
24.75

2
2

8

8
9

44
48
44
54

as. Dolls.
12 60.0 26.40
50.0 24.00
12 50.0 22.00
44.4 24.00

8
8
8
9

44
48
44
54

ii

2

2
2
»1|

2
2
<2
52

9
8
8
8
8
8

54
44
44
44
44
44

12
12
12
12
12

27.00
27.50
27.50
30.25
24.75
24.75

9
8
8
8
8
8

54
44
44
41
44
44

8

1$

if

if
if

If

if

50.0
62.5
62.5
68.8
56.3
56.3

CARPENTERS: Parquetry-floor layers.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass............................. 55.0 24.20

2

2

8

44

12 55.0 24.20

8

44

2
1*

92
2

8
8

44
48

12 62.5 27.50
55.0 26.40

8
8

44
48

2
*2
2

8
8
8

44
44
48

12 67.5 29.70
12 75.0 33.00
50.0 24.00

8
8
8

44
44
48

8
8

48
44

56.3 24.75
12 56.3 24.75

8
8

44
44

North Central.
Cleveland. Ohio........................ 62.5 27.50
Minneapolis, M inn................... 55.0 26.40
South Central.
Dallas, Tex................................ 72.5 31.90
Houston, Tex............................ 75.0 33.00
New Orleans, La....................... 50.0 24.00

if
if

Western.
Los AngeleSj'Cal , tT.........., ___ 56.3
Seattle, Wash............................ 56.3

27.00
24.75

1£
74

I*

CEMENT WORKERS: Finishers.
North Atlantic.
2
8
44
12 62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
Boston, Mass.......
22
8
48
50.0 24.00
Buffalo,N. Y .. . .
8
44
12 &
&
65.0 28.60
2
Newark, N. J.......
12 62.5 27.50
8
44
•2
New York, N. Y .
62.5 27.50
* Work on July 4, Labor Day. and Christmas prohibited.
* Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
<And on Saturday afternoon.
* And on Saturday afternoon. Work on Labor Day prohibited.
« Work on Labor Day and Saturday afternoon prohibited.
7 Until midnight; double time thereafter, and on Saturday afternoon,
s Not organized on May 1,1915.




8
(<)8
8

44

%

44

,

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1 1915.

67

T a b le A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, B Y GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
CEMENT WORKERS: Finishers—Concluded.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.
Hoursof
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and efty.
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full haft- hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

North Atlantic—Concluded.
Philadelphia, Pa......................
Pittsburgh, Pa.........................
Providence, R. I ......................

as.
50.0
50.0
50.0

Dolls.
27.00
24.00
22.00

*2
2
2

65.0 28.60
50.0 25.00
60.0 828.80

2
2
*2

55.0
50.0
57.5
65.0
45.0
50.0
62.5
60.0
65.0
55.0

526.40
27.00
28.75
28.60
21.60
24.00
27.50
26.40
26.40

*2
2
2
*2
2
2
*2
2
2
*2

50.0
62.5
62.5
55.6
45.0
50.0

24.00
30.00
27.50
30.00
27.00
27.00

Cts.
47.5
50.0
12 50.0

DoUs.
25.65
24.00
22.00

54
48
44

65.0 28.60
50.0 25.00
60.0 *28.80

44
50
<48

55.0
50.0
55.0
65.0
45.0
50.0
62.5
60.0
65.0
50.0

526.40
27.00
27.50
28.60
21.60
24.00
27.50
26.40
24.00

«48
54
50
44
48
48
44
44
44
48

2
>2
1*
*2
*2
*2

50.0
62.5
12 62.5
55.6
45.0
50.0

24.00
30.00
27.50
30.00
27.00
27.00

48
48
44
54
60
54

2
2

62.5
62.5
62.5
12 75.0
62.5
62.5

30.00
30.00
30.00
33.00
30.00
30.00

48
48
48
44
48
48

North Central.
Chicago, HI................................
Cincinnati, Ohio......................
Cleveland, Ohio....................... .
Composition and rock as­
phalt work..................... .
Detroit, Mich........................... .
Indianapolis, Ind..................... .
Kansas City^Mo........................
Milwaukee, W is.......................
Minneapolis, Minn....................
Omaha, N eb r.../..................... .
St. Louis, Mo........................... .
Composition floor work___
St. Paul, Minn..........................

>48
54
50
44
48
48
44
44
44
48

South Central.
Birmingham. Ala......................
Dallas, Tex................................
Houston, Tex............................
Little Rock, &rk..................... .
Louisville, Ky...........................
Memphis, Tenn....................... .
Western.
Los Angeles, Cal........................
Portland, Oreg..........................
Salt Lake Citv, Utah...............
San Francisco, Cal...................
Seattle, Wash..........................
Spokane, Wash........................

62.5 30.00
30.00
30.00
75.0 33.00
62.5 30.00
62.5 30.00

2
*2

* Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter, and after 5 p. m. on Saturday.
* Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* 44 hours and $26.40 per week, June to September, inclusive.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* 44 hours ana $24.20 per week, June to September, inclusive.
« Until 11.30 p. m.; double time thereafter.
7 Double time after 5 p. m. on Saturday.




68

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
CEMENT WORKERS: finishers’ helpers.
May 1,1914.
Hoursof
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
days
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half- hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.......
Newark, N. J.......
New York, N. Y .
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburgh, P a ...
Providence, R. I.

as. Dolls.
45.0 19.80
35.0 15.40
37.5 16.50
35.0 *18.90
30.0 14.40
34.5 15.18

44
44
44
*54
48
44

Cts. Dais.
45.0 19.80
35.0 15.40
37.5 16.50
32.5 17.55
30.0 14.40
12 34.5 15.18

44
44
44
54
48
44

44
<48
54
44
48

50.0
35.0
35.0
12 50.0
35.0

22.00
<16.80
18.90
22.00
16.80

44
<48
54
44
48

35.0 16.80
43.8 21.00

35.0 16.80
43.8 21.00

48
48

43.8 21.00
62.5 27.50

43.8 21.00
12 62.5 27.50

48
44

2
2
If
814
if
if

North Central.
Chicago, 111..........
Cleveland, O hio..
Detroit, Mich.___
Kansas City, Mo.
Milwaukee, W is..

50.0 22.00
35.0 <16.80
35.0 18.90
50.0 22.00
35.0 16.80

South Central.
Dallas, Tex.

l Ala...........
,

Western.
Portland, Oreg.......
San Francisco, Cal..

CEMENT WORKERS: Laborers.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass................

15.40

1h

2

8

44

12 35.0

15.40

8

44

40.0 17.60
30.0 14.40
40.0 17.60

H
if
if

2
2
72

8
8
8

44
48
44

12 40.0
30.0
12 40.0

17.60
14.40
17.60

8
8
8

44
48
44

37.5 18.00
50.0 24.00
50.0 22.00

if
2

8
8
8

48
48
44

37.5 18.00
50.0 24.00
12 50.0 22.00

8
8
8

43
43
44

35.0

North Central.
Chicago, 111...................
Milwaukee, W is............
St. Louis, Mo................
Western.
Los Angeles, Cal...........
Salt Lake City, U tah...
San Francisco, Cal........




2
1*
2

i Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* 49| hours and $17.33 per week, June to August, inclusive.
« Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter, and after 5 p. m. on Saturday.
<44 hours and $15.40 per week, June to September, inclusive.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
e Until 11.30 p. m.; double time thereafter.
i And after 5 p. m. on Saturday.

69

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T a ble

BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
COMPOSITION ROOFERS.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.
Hoursof
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per Per Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day
Per week,
full full half­ hour. week, full week,
full day. full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
time.
days.
Hourlyrate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

North Atlantic.
Cts.
55.0
50.0
43.8
37.5
60.0
43.8

DoUs.
24.20
22.00
19.25
18.00
22.00
19.25

8
8
8
8
8
8

40.0
35.0
31.1
43.8
*22.2

19.20
16.80
16.80
19.25
12.00

8
8
9
8
*9

65.0
37.5
47.5
35.0
45.0
55.0
60.0

Boston, Mass.:
All-round men............
Mop, ladle, and gravel men.
Paper layers...............
Buffalo, N. Y ...................
Newark, N. J...................
New York, N .Y ..............
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Mop men....................
Paper runners...........
Kettlemen.................
Rochester, N. Y ...............
Scranton, Pa....................

31.20
18.00
22.80
16.80
21.60
24.20
26.40

44
44
44
44
44

K

12

<1
)

North Central.
Chicago, HI.......................
Cincinnati, Ohio...........
Mop men...................
Cleveland, Ohio...............
Kansas City, Mo..............
Milwaukee, W is...............
St. Louis, Mo...................

65.0
35.0
37.5
25.0
45.0
55.0
12 55.0

31.20
16.80
18.00
12.00
21.60
24.20
24.20

44
48
48
48
48
44
44

50.0 24.00
12 75.0 33.00
50.0 24.00

48
44
48

Western.
Los Angeles, Cal..............
San Francisco, Cal...........
Seattle, W adi..................

50.0 24.00
75.0 33.00
50.0 24.00
COMPOSITION ROOFERS* HELPERS.

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass................
Scranton, Pa................

37.5 16.50
16.7 9.00

2
1

2
1

8
9

44
54

12 37.5
(l)

45.0 21.60
35.0 16.80
*35.0 15.40

H
if

2
*2
2

8
8
8

48
48
44

45.0 21.60
35.0 16.80
12 35.0 15.40

16.50
C)

8
C
1)

44
0)

North Central.
Chicago, HI...................
Kansas C ity,M o..........
Milwaukee, w is............




* Not organized on May 1,1914.
* Scale became 31.3 cents and 8 hours on Aug. 1,1915.
* Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* Work on July 4 ana Labor Day prohibited.
* Scale became 37.5 cents on June 1,1915.

8
8
8

48
48
44

70

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
ELEVATOR CONSTRUCTORS.
May 1,1915.

May 1, 1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
wages—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full fuU full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.......
Buffalo, N .Y ....
New York, N .Y .
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburgh, P a ...
Providence. R . I .
Rochester, N. Y ..

.
.
.
.
.
.

Cts.
62.5
53.1
66.0
62.5
62.5
50.0
53.1

DoUs.
27.50
125.50
29.04
27.50
27.50
22.00
423.38

44
148
44
44
44
44

as.
60.0
53.1
66.0
62.5
62.5
50.0
53.1

Dolls.
26.40
125.50
29.04
27.50
27.50
22.00
423.38

2
2
•H

2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

2
2
2

2
2
2

9
50
8$ 48
8 •44

12 50.0 25.00
12 53.1 25.50
5 56.3 724.75

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44*
44
•48
48
44
48
44
44
44
44
44

12
12
6
3

8
8
8

8
8
8
8

2
*1*
2

444

12
3
12
12
12
12
5

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
148
44
44
44
44
444

9
8|
8

50
48
144

South Atlantic.
. 50.0 25.00
. 53.1 25.50
. 57.5 625.30

Atlanta, Ga..........
Baltimore, Md......
Washington, D. C.
North Central.
Chicago, HI................
Cincinnati, Ohio........
Cleveland, Ohio........
Detroit, Mich............
Grand Rapids, Mich..
Indianapolis, Ind......
Kansas City, Mo.......
Milwaukee. W is........
Minneapolis, Minn....
Omaha, Nebr............
St. Louis, Mo...........
St. Paul, Minn..........

.
.
.
.

68.8
55.0
60.0
60.0
1045.0
. 55.0
. 65.6
- 47.5
.1*53.1
. 1045.0
. 65.6
.1*53.1

30.25
2
2
82
24.48
2
82
26.40
2
82
•28.80
2
21.60
24.20 a 2 " 2*
31.50
2
2
20.90 i* 1* 82
23.38
2
2
19.80
2
2
28.88
2
2
23.38
2
2

30.25
22.25
27.60
27.48
21.60
24.20
31.50
20.90
22.00
19.80
28.88
22.00

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44}
48
48
48
44
48
44
44
44
44
44

44
48
44

12 55.0 24.20
50.0 24.00
12 55.0 24.20

8
8
8

44
48
44

48
48
48
44

50.0
62.5
62.5
12 56.3

8
8
8
8

48
43
48
44

12

.... .
12
12
12
12
12

68.8
50.0
57.5
57.3
45.0
55.0
65.6
47.5
50.0
45.0
65.6
50.0

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala..
Dallas, Tex...........
Houston, Tex.......

24.20
50.0 24.00
24.20

11
2
2

2
2
2

Western.
Los Angeles, C al....
Portland, Oreg.......
San Francisco, Cal..
Seattle, Wash.........




50.0 24.00
62.5 30.00
62.5 30.00
. 56.3 24.75

?

2
2

?

2
2

i 44 hours and $23.38 per week, June to August, inclusive.
* Until 9 p. m.; double time thereafter.
* Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter and on all repair work.
* 48 hours and $25.50 per week, October to April, inclusive.
* Until 10 p. m .; double time thereafter.
« 48 hours and $27.60 per week, October to April, inclusive.
» 48 hours and $27 per week, October to April, inclusive.
« Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* 44 hours and $26.40 per week, June to August, inclusive.
!• Scale became 50 cents on July 1,1915.
n On new work; on repair work, double time,
w Until midnight; double time thereafter,
i* Scale became 56.3 cents on Nov. 1,1915.

24.00
30.00
30.00
24.75

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAT 1,1915.

71

T able A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
ELEVATOR CONSTRUCTORS’ HELPERS.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.
Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
mos.
Geographical division and dty.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per
Per week,
full full half- hour.
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
days.
Hourlyrate
multiplied
by—
North Atlantic.

as.
&40.5
37.5
42.5
42.0
40.0
34.4
34.4

Dolls.
17.82
*18.00
18.70
18.48
17.60
15.13
515.13

Atlanta, Oa............................... 25.0 12.50
Baltimore, Md........................... 37.5 18.00
Washington, D. C..................... 41.0 718.04

Boston, Mass.............................
Buffalo, N. Y ....... ....................
New York, N .Y .......................
Philadelphia, Pa.......................
Pittsburgh, Pa..........................
Providence, R. I........................
Rochester, N. Y ........................

2

Per Per Per
week, full week,
full day. full
time.
time.

Dolls.
17.16
*18.00
18.70
18.48
17.60
15.13
5 15.13

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

41
* 48
44
44
44
44
544

9
50
81 48
8 144

12 25.0 12.50
12 37.5 18.00
5 39.3 8 17.27

9
8f
8

50
48
8 44

8
44
8
44*
8
44
8 1 48
0
8
48
44
8
8
48
8
44
8
44
44
8
8
44
8
44

12
12
6
3

43.8
35.0
40.0
37.5
25.0
38.5
40.0
32.5
35.0
30.0
40.0
35.0

19.25
15.58
19.20
18.00
12.00
16.94
19.20
14.30
15.40
13.20
17.60
15.40

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44*
48
48
48
44
48
44
44
44
44
44

2
2
«U

2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

2
2
2

2
2
2
2
#2
•2
•2

2

as.
39.0
37.5
42.5
42.0
40.0
34.4
34.4

Hours of
labor—

44
*48
44
44
44
44
644

12
3
12
12
12
12
5

South Atlantic.

North Central.
Chicago, 111................................
Cincinnati, Ohio........................
Cleveland, Ohio.........................
Detroit, Mich.............................
Orand Rapids, Micto.. T , ___
T
Indianapolis, Ind.......................
Kansas! City, Mo........................
Milwaukee. Wis........................
Minneapolis, Minn.....................
Omaha, Nebr.............................
St. Louis, Mo.............................
St. Paul, Minn..........................

43.8
37.5
40.0
40.0
H25.0
38.5
40.0
32.5
“ 36.3
1530.0
40.0
“ 36.3

19.25
2
16.69
2
17.60
2
1019.20
2
12.00
16.94
2
19.20
14.30 Ml*
15.95
2
13.20
2
17.60
2
15.95
2

2
92
2
2
2
2

12
12
12
12
12
12

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala...................... 35.0
Houston, Tex............................ 35.0

15.40
15.40

1*
2

2
2

8
8

44
44

12 35.0
12 35.0

15.40
15.40

8
8

44
44

18.00
16.50

2
2

2
2

8
8

48
44

37.5
12 37.5

18.00
16.50

8
8

48
44

Western.
Portland, Oreg.......................... 37.5
Seattle. Wash............................ 37.5

1 Scale became 42 cents on May 6,1915.
244 hours and $16.50 per week, June to August, inclusive.
8 Until 9 p. m.; double time thereafter.
* On new work until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter and on all repair work.
* 48 hours and $16.50per week, October to April, Inclusive.
* Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter.
748 hours and $19.68 per week, October to April, inclusive.
« 48 hours and $18.84 per week, October to April, inclusive.
* Work on Labor Day prohibited.
io 44 hours and $17.60 per week, June to August, inclusive,
u Scale became 32 cents on July 1,1915.
** On new work; double time on repair work.
» Until midnight; double time thereafter.
« Scale became 37.5 cents on Nov. 1,1915.
» Scale became 35 cents on June 1,1915.




72

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1,1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
ENGINEERS: Portable and hoisting.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full fuU half­ hour. fuU fuU fuU
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. tin^,
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byNorth Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.......
Bridgeport, Conn.
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Boom derrick
Hoist............
Newark, N. J.:
Boom derrick___________
Boom derrick, excavating

Cts. Dolls.
62.5 27.50
545 2400

2
1h

12
2

8
8

44
44

as. Dolls.
12 62.5 27.50
12 54.5 2400

8
8

44
44

56.3 27.00
50.0 2400

if

22
82

8
8

48
48

56.3 27.00
50.0 2400

8
8

48
48

69.3

30.50

2

2

8

44

12 69.3 30.50

8

44

62.5

30.00

2

2

8

48

62.5 30.00

8

48

33.00
24.00

8
8

44
44

33.00
30.25
30.00

8
8
8

44
44
48

27.50
2475
31.20
22.00

8
8
8
8

44
44
48
44

25.20
31.50
2400
2400

8
8
8
8

44
44
48
48

33.75
24 30
30.00
30.00

9
9
8
8

54
54
48
48

5 33.00

8

•44

25.00

8

45

2& 13

8

45

33.60
28.80

8
8

48
48

31.20
30.00

8
8

18
48

HoSt,Pbrok6n tfme, i. eV
paid for time actually
2
worked............................. 75.0 33.00 . 2
44
12 75.0
8
2
New Haven, Conn.................... 54.5 2400
44
12 545
8
1*
New York, ft. Y .:
Boom derrick and hoist,
broken time,!, e. paid for
2
2
12 75.0
44
time actually worked___ 75.0 33.00
8
Building work.................... 68.8 30.25
2
2
44
12 68.8
8
Foundation work............... 62.5 30.00
62.5
2
2
48
8
Philadelphia, Pa.:
2
Boom derrick.................... . 62.5 27.50
44
12 62.5
8
Hoist................................. . 56.3 ' 24.75
2
44
12 56.3
8
1*
Pittsburgh, Pa.......................... 65.0 28.60
12
44
10 65.0
8
l|
12
Providence, R . I ....................... 50.0 22.00
44
12 50.0
8
1*
Rochester, N. Y .:
12
Single drum....................... 57.3 25.20 * n
44
12 57.3
8
12
44
12 71.6
Double drum.................... . 71.6 31.50 » l j
8
Scranton, Pa............................ 56.3 27.00
*2
50.0
8
48
i|
Worcester, Mass....................... <50.0 2400
2
8 <48
50.0
li
South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Boom derrick.................... . 62.5 33.75
2
9
54
62.5
l|
Hoist................................. . 45.0 24.30
2
9
54
45.0
if
Baltimore, Md.......................... 62.5 30.00
2
62.5
8
48
if
Washington, D. C..................... 62.5 30.00
2
62.5
8
48
ii
North Central.
Chicago, HI.............................. . 75.0 533.00
82
8 * 44
8 75.0
1*
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Straight time..................... . 55.6 25.00
12
8
45
12 55.6
li
Broken time, i. e. paid for
time actually worked....... 62.5 28'. 13
12
12 62.5
45
8
1*
Cleveland, Ohio:
70.0 30.80
12
Boom derrick............
44
8
70.0
Hoist.........................
60.0 26.40
12
8
44
60.0
if
Detroit, Mich.:
Boom derrick............
65.0 31.20
2
8
48
65.0
Hoist.........................
62.5 30.00
2
8
48
62.5
if
Grand Rapids, Mich.:
Boom derrick............
50.0 27.00
2
54
9
(«)
n
Hoist.........................
40.0 21.60
2
54
9
ii
(*)
i And on Saturday afternoon.
* Work on Labor Day prohibited.
« Until 8 p. m .; double time thereafter.
<Scale became 62.5 cents and 44 hours on June 1,1915.
* 48 hours and $36 per week, December to March, inclusive.
* Not organized on May 1,1914.




V)
W

(«)
(•)

(«)
(*)

73

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, HAT 1,1915.

T able A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—
-Continued.
ENGINEERS: Portable and hoisting—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hoursof
labor—

Hours of
Rato of
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time.
holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week. day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
foil full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

North Central-Concluded.
Indianapolis, Ind...................
Kansas City .M o....................
Milwaukee,wis.:
Boom derrick...................
Hoist................................
Minneapolis, Minn.................
Omaha.N ebr.........................
Peoria, 111...............................
St. Louis. Mo.........................
2 engines..........................
St. Paul, Minn.......................

Cts. DoUs.
65.0 28.60
70.0 30.80
67.5
62.5
50.0
62.5
62.5
75.0
87.5
60.0

29.70
827.50
27.00
27.50
27.50
33.00
38.50
32.40

12

2

if
1'
1
2
2
(«)

44
44

2
2
2
62
2
2
2

44
844
54
44
44
44
44
54

Cts. DoUs.
65.0 2a 60
70.0 30.80
62.5
50.0
56.3
62.5
75.0
87.5
55.5

(*)
827.50
27.00
24.75
27.50
33.00
38.50
29.97

8
8

44
44

<*)
54
44
44
44
44
54

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.:
Boom derrick...................
Hoist...............................
Balias, Tex.:
Boom derrick...................
Hoist................................
Houston, Tex.:
Boom derrick...................
Hoist...............................
Little Rock, Ark.:
Boom derrick...................
Hoist................................
Louisville, K y........................
Memphis, Tenn.:
Boom derrick...................
Hoist................................
New Orleans, La....................

62.5 30.00
56.3 27.00

62.5 30.00
56.3 27.00
72
72

62.5 27.50
56.3 24.75

848
•48

62.5 30.00
56.3 27.00

48
48

44

62.5 30.00
»56.3 27.00

48
48

62.5 27.50
56.3 24.75

44
44

62.5 33.75
50.0 27.00
56.3 27.00

#2

2
2

62.5 33.75
50.0 27.00
56.3 27.00

54
54
48

60.0 26.40
60.0 26.40
50.0 24.00

62
62
2

75.0 33.00
65.0 28.60
50.0 24.00

44
44
48

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Boom derrick...................
Hoist................................
Los Angeles,Cal.....................
Portland, Oreg.......................
Salt Lake City. Utah:
Boom derrick...................
Hoist................................
San Francisco, Cal.................
Seattle, Wash.........................
Spokane, Wash......................

62.5
56.3
50.0
62.5

27.50
24.75
24.00
30.00

62.5
56.3
50.0
62.5

27.50
24.75
2400
30.00

8
8
8
8

44
44
48

62.5
56.3
75.0
62.5
62.5

27.50
24.75
36.00
27.50
30.00

62.5
56.3
75.0
12 62.5
(ll)

27.50
24.75
36.00
27.50
(“ )

8
8
8
8
(“ )

44
44
43
44
(“ )

W

i Work on Labor Day prohibited,
a No scale in 1914.
848 hours and 130 per week. November to April, inclusive.
* Until midnight; double tune thereafter ana on Saturday afternoon.
» And on Saturday afternoon.
* For first hour, no increase In rate; time and a half thereafter.
7 And after 5 p. m. on Saturday.
8 Scale became 44 hours on July 1,1915.
9 Scale became 62.5 cents and 44 hours on July 1,1915.
Until 9 p. m .; double time thereafter.
u Not organized on May 1,1914.




74

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
HOD CARRIERS.
May 1,1915.

May 1,, 1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
wages—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time*
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Rate of wages—

North Atlantic.
.............................
Boston,
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Brick men, union A ..........
Brick men, union B ...........
Mortar men, union A ..........
Mortar men, union B ..........
Manchester, N. H ......................
Newark, N. J.............................
New York, N. Y .......................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Mortar m e n . r - , ........ .
Wheelbarrow men...............
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Mortar m en........................
Wheelbarrow men...............
Providence, R . I.:
Brick m en..........................
Mortar m en.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rochester,N . Y ...................
Scranton, Pa.............................
Worcester, M ass.......................

Cts. Dolls.
35.0 15.40

li

2

8

28.1
28.1
31.3
28.1
31.3
35.0
37.5

12.38
12.38
13.75
12.38
13.75
15.40
16.50

1}
l§
li
li
li
2
1}

2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
44
44
44
44

12 28.1 12.38
2
12 &
1 (!75
3
2
(i)
(1)
8i (l)
(l)
12 35.0 15.40
12 37.5 16.50

8

44

(i)
O)
8
8

%
(i>
(l)
44
44

35.0
25.0

15.40
11.00

li
if

8
8

44
44

12
12

35.0 15.40
25.0 11.00

8
8

44
44

40.0
25.0

17.60
12.38

H
1*

li
* li
2
2

8
9

44
49}

12
12

40.0 17.60
25.0 12.38

8
9

44
49}

«28.1 14.06
30.0 15.00
30.0 13.20
30.0 *13.20
35.0 15.40

1i
li
%

44

12

as. Dotts.
35.0 15.40

8

2
2
2
2
2

9 50
9 50
8 44
8 544
8 44

12
12
12
5
12

28.1
30.0
30.0
30.0
35.0

14.06
15.00
13.20
*13.20
15.40

9
9
8
8
8

44

8
8

50
50
44
*44
44

South Atlantic.
Baltimore, Md.:
Union A...........................
Union B..............................
Washington, B. C.:
Mortar men.........................
Wheelbarrow men...............

34.3 •15.41
34.4 815.47

1}
1}

2
* li

8 645
8 845

12
12

31.3 714.06
31.3 714.06

28.1
23.1

li
if

2
2

8 1045
8 1045

12
12

28.1
23.1

12.66
10.41

745
745
8 1045
8 M45

8 44
2
12 40.0
Chicago, 111................................ 40.0 17.60 u l i
i f 22
8 45
12 42.5
Cincinnati, O hio... . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42.5 19.13
Cleveland, Ohio:
1}
8 1*44
2
4 31.3
Brick men........... .......T
___ 31.3 1*13.75
2
8 1844
4 35.0
Mortar men......................... 35.0 *315.40
li
8 1444
15.40
2
6 35.0
Detroit. Mich.. . ______ ______ 35.0 M
li
9 54
25.0
1
1
Grand Rapids, Mich.................. 25.0 13.50
1Not organized on May 1,1914.
* Work on Labor Bay prohibited.
* Scale became 30 cents on July 12,1915.
« 35 cents lor first hour; time and a half thereafter.
•48 hours and $14.40 per week, October to April, inclusive.
« 44 hours and $15.07 per week, November to March, inclusive.
» 44 hours and $13.75 per week, November to March, inclusive.
844 hours and $15.13 per week, November to March, inclusive.
•For holidays; for Sunday, double time,
w 44} hours. October to April, inclusive,
ii Until midnight; double time thereafter.
i* 48 hours ana $15 per week, September to April, inclusive,
is 48 hours and $16.80 per week, September to April, inclusive.
1 48 hours and $16.80 per week, November to April, inclusive.
4

17.60
19.13

8
8

“ 13.75
1815.40
“ 15.40
13.50

8
8
8
9

12.66
10.41

North Central.




44
45
1244
it 44
1444
54

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

75

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
HOD CARRIERS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.
Rate of

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Hoars of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full fa ir half- hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourlyrate
multiplied
byNorth Central—Concluded.
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Brick men........................
Mortar men......................
Kansas City,Mo.....................
Milwaukee, Wis.....................
Peoria. HI.:
Brick men........................
Mortar men......................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Brick men........................
Mortar men......................

as.

Dolls.
17.60
18.70
19.80
16.80

*2
*2
2
2

Cts.
40.0
42.5
37.5
35.0

DoO*.
17.60
18.70
16.50
16.80

44
44
44
48

34.4 15.13
37.5 16.50

2
2

34.4
37.5

15.13
16.50

44
44

47.5 20.90
50.0 22.00

82
*2

47.5 20.90
50.0 22.00

44
44
44
44
44

40.0
42.5
45.0
35.0

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala...................
Dallas, Tex.............................
Houston, Tex.........................
Louisville, K y,:
Brick men, union A .........
Brick men, union B .........
Mortar men, union A .......
Mortar men, union B .......
Memphis, Term......................

30.0 13.20
35.0 15.4031.3 13.75

30.0
35.0
31.3

13.20
15.40
13.75

35.0 15.40
35.0 15.40
38.0 16.72
38.0 16.72
30.0 13.20

35.0

16.80

3&?0 il.*k

%

(*)

%

(<)
44

&

1%

37.5
40.6

16.50
17.88

44
44

40.6 17.88
34.4 15.13
50.0 24.00

12

44
44
48

19.25
22.00
16.50
22.00
19.25
22.00

44
44
44
44
44
44

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Brick men.......................
Mortar men......................
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Brick and mortar m en....
Wheelbarrow men............
Portland, Oreg.......................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Brick men........................
Mortar men......................
Wheelbarrow men............
San Francisco, Cal..................
Seattle, Wash.........................
Spokane, Wash......................

37.5
40.6

16.50
17.88

40.6 17.88
34.4 15.13
50.0 24.00
43.8
50.0
37.5
50.0
43.8
50.0

19.25
22.00
16.50
22.00
19.25
22.00

43.8
50.0
37.5
50.0
43.8
50.0

2
2
82
82
*2

INSIDE WIREMEN.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.......
Buffalo, N. Y ___
Fall River, Mass..

•60.0 26.40
50.0 24.00
37.5 18.00

2
*1*
2

2
2
2

8
8
8

44
48
48

12 55.0 24.20
3 46.9 22.50
37.5 18.00

1 Until 7 p.m.; double time thereafter.
* Work on Labor Day prohibited.
« Work on New Year, July 4, Labor Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas prohibited.
* Not organized on May 1.1914.
* Until 10 p. m .; double time thereafter.
* Scale became 62.5 cents on July 1,1915.




8
8
8

44
48
48

76

BULLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS,

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND nOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T a b le

BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
INSIDE WlftEMEN—Continued.
May 1 ,1914,

May 1,1915,
Hours of
labor—

Hours of
Rate of
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Rate of wages—

North Atlantic—Concluded.

Cts.
34.4
62.5
60.0
45.0
257.5
50.0
50.0
46.9
45.0

DoUs.
16.50
27.50
26.40
19.80
25.30
22.00
422.00
22.50
19.80

43.8
45.0
43.8
60.0

21.00
20.25
21.00
26.40

75.0
53.1
68.8
753.1
37.5
«47.5
68.8
50.0
56.3
50.0
56.3
75.0
53.1

33.00
23.64

Cts.
34.4
62.5
60.0
45.0
57.5
50.0
50.0
46.9
12 45.0

DoUs.
16.50
27.50
26.40
19.80
27.60
22.00
24.00
22.50
19.80

43.8
45.0
43.8
12 60.0

21.00
2a 25
21.00
26.40

48
45

75.0
50.0
60.0
50.0
37.5
47.5
62.5
50.0
50.0
50.0
56.3
70.0
50.0

33.00
22.25
26.40
1024.00
18.00
1222.80
30.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
24.75
30.80
22.00

44
44
44
1 48
0
48
1 48
2
48
44
44
44
44
44
44

50.0 22.00
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
56.3 24.75
62.5 27.50
59.4 26.13
50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
40.0 19.20
40.0 19.20
12 50.0 22.00
50.0 22.00
50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
1 Until midnight; double time thereafter, and on Saturday afternoon.
2 Scale became 62.5 on July 1,1915.
s Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* 48 hours ana $24 per week, October to April, inclusive.
« Until 7 p. m.; double time thereafter.
®Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* Scale became 56.3 cents on Nov. 1,1915.
8 44 hours and $23.38 per week. June to September, inclusive.
. 8 Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter.
i° 44 hours and $22 per week, June to September, inclusive,
u Scale became 50 cents on June 1,1915.
1 44 hours and $20.90 per week, June to September, inclusive,
2
is Until 8 p. m.; double time thereafter.

44
44
44
48
48
44
48

Manchester, N .H .
Newark, N. J........
New York, N. Y ..
Philadelphia, P a..
Pittsburgh, Pa---Providence, R. I . .
Rochester, N. Y ...
Scranton, Pa.........
Worcester, Mass...

48
44
44
44
44
44
* 44
48
44

48
44
44
44
48
44
48
48
44

South Atlantic.
Baltimore. Md......
Jacksonville, F la..
Richmond, va___
Washington, D. C.

44

North Central,
Chicago, 111................
Cincinnati, Ohio........
Cleveland, Ohio.........
Detroit, Mich.............
Grand Rapids. Mich..
Indianapolis, Ind.......
Kansas City ,M o........
Milwaukee, w is........
Minneapolis, Minn—
Omaha, Nebr............
Peoria, HI..................
St. Louis, Mo.............
St. Paul, Minn...........

825.50
18.00
1222.80
30.25
22.00
24.75
22.00
24.75
33.00
23.38

2
li
li
9 1]
li
b
li
u;
u;
81<
2

•2
2
2
2
2
«2
2
2
•2
2
2
«2

44
44*
44
848
48
1 48
2
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

South Central,
Birming
Dallas, Tex..
Houston, Tex___
Little Rock, Ark.
_
Louisville, Ky_
Memphis, Tenn..
New Orleans, La.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

77

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T a b le

BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
INSIDE WIREMEN—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Bate of
Hours of
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
fun fuU half­ hour. fuU fuU fuU
hour. frdl
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multipUed
by—
Hoars of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Western.

as.

Cts.
12 66.3
50.0
56.3
56.3
62.5
62.5
56.3

DoUs.
24.75
24.00
24.75
24.75
27.50
27.50
27.00

12
3
12
12
12
10

24.20
<21.60
20.63
26.40
19.80
25.50

8
8
8
8
8
8

44
<48
44
44
44
48

43.8 21.00
56.3 27.00

8
8

48
48

33.00
18.00
1020.40
24.00
24.00
22.00
24.75
28.60
24.00

8
9
8
8
1*8
8
8
8
8

44
54
1 48
0
48
M48
44
44
44
48

Dallas, Tex................................ 62.5 27.50
8
44
12 56.3 24.75
2
i Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter, and on Saturday afternoon,
s Until 10 p. m.: double time thereafter.
•And on Saturday afternoon.
<44 hours and $19.80 per week, June to August, inclusive.
•Until midnight; double time thereafter, and on Saturday afternoon.
•Scale became 57.5 cents on July 1,1915.
7 Until midnight: double time thereafter.
8 Under jurisdiction of plumbers’ union.
8 Scale became 45 cents on June 1,1915.
1 44 hours and $18.70 per week, June to September, inclusive,
8
u Work on Labor Day prohibited,
i* Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
u Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter, and after 5 p. m. on Saturday.

8

44

Denver, Colo............
Los Angeles, Cal.......
Portland, Oreg.........
Salt Lake City, Utah
San Francisco, Cal...
Seattle, Wash...........
Spokane, Wash........

56.3
50.0
56.3
62.5
62.5
62.5
56.3

DoUs.
24.75
24.00
24.75
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.00

1
)

1
U
l!
2
*11
* lj

1*
2
2
2
2
«2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
48
44
44
44
44
48

44
48
44
44
44
44
48

INSIDE WIREMEN: Fixture hangers.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.......
Buffalo, N. Y .. . .
N ew ark,N .J.....
New York, N. Y .
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburgh, P a ...

24.20
<21.60
22.00
26.40
19.80
24.20

2
*11
2
2
51}
* ll

2
2
2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8

44
*48
44
44
44
44

43.8 21.00
56.3 27.00

1}
2

2
2

8
8

48
48

2
33.00
18.00
If
1020.40
if
24.75
if
24.00 7 if
22.00 » l f
24.75 »l|
8
28.60 1 l|
24.00 7 if

2
2
U2
2
2
2
2
U2
2

55.0
45.0
50.0
60.0
45.0
855.0

55.0
45.0
46.9
60.0
45.0
53.1

South Atlantic.
Baltimore, Md.........
Washington, D. CA.
North Central.
Chicago, m .............
Cleveland, Ohio
Indianapolis, Ind...
Kansas City, Mo_
_
Minneapolis, Minn..
Omaha.Nebr..........
Peoria/ill...............
St. Louis, Mo..........
St. Paul, Minn.......

75.0
33.3
942.5
56.3
50.0
50.0
56.3
65.0
50.0

8
44
9
54
8 »48
8
44
“ 8 M48
8
44
8
44
8
44
8
48

12 75.0
33.3
4 42.5
10 50.0
50.0
12 50.0
12 56.3
12 65.0
50.0

South Central.




78

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T a b le

BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
INSIDE WIREMEN: Fixture hangers—Concluded.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
days
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per Per Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per
Per week,
fuil full hau- hour. full full week,
hour. full
full
day. time. holitime. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Western.
Los Angeles, Cal.......
Portland, Oreg.......
San Francisco, Cal...
Seattle, Wash..........

as.
50.0
56.3
56.3
50.0

DoUs.
24.00
24.75
24.75
22.00

08 .
50.0
56.3
56.3
50.0

2
*2

DoUs.
24.00
24.75
24.75
22.00

48
44
44
44

LATHERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Meted and wood.
W ood.................
Bridgeport, Conn.:

12 60.0 26.40
12 (•) ..........

8
8

44
44

44
8
2
2
12 62.5 27.50
Wood
44
8
12 (7 ..........
00
(8)
)
Buffalo, N. Y .:
8
48
Metal...................................
2
50.0 24.00
Wood..................................
2
8
48
ll
(7) ..........
Manchester, N. H .:
2
8
48
Metal...................................
40.0 19.20
U
Wood..................................
1
1
8
48
(») ..........
New Haven, Conn.:
44
Metal................................... 62.5 27.50
2
2
8
12 62.5 27.50
2
2
8
Wood.................................. (10)
44
12 (10)
Newark, N, J.:
Metal................................... 62.5 27.50
2
2
8
44
12 62.5 27.50
Wood.................................. (ll) ..........
2
2
8
44
12 <“ ) ..........
New York, N. Y .:
2
2
8
44
Metal................................... 66.3 29.15
12 62.5 27.50
Wood— .
Manhattan, Bronx, and
2
2
8 ' 44
12 (12)
Kirn
(“ )
(18) (!8)
8
44
12 (U)
(u)
Philadelphia, 1
62.5 27.50
2
2
8
44
12 62.5 27.50
56.3 24.75
2
2
8
44
Wood’.’
12 56.3 24.75
Wood.
1
1
8
44
12 (“ )
< ) ..........
M
i Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter, and on Saturday afternoon.
* Until 10 p. m .: double time thereafter.
* And on Saturday afternoon.
* Scale became 65 cents and 40 hours on July 1,1915.
* 13 per 1,000 laths. Scale became $3.25 and 40 hours on July 1,1915.
<93 per 1,000 laths.
* $2.50 per 1,000 laths.
8No established scale.
* 12.25 per 1,000 laths,
u $2.30 per 1,000 laths,
u $2.75 per 1,000 laths.
u $3.50 per 1,000 laths,
w Work prohibited.
m $2 per 1,000 laths.

8
8

44
44

8
8

48
48

8
8

48
48

8
8

44
44

8
8

44
44

8

44

8
8

44
44

8
8
8

44
44
44




<60.0 26.40
(6 ..........
)
62.5 27.50
(7 ..........
)
50.0 24.00
<0 ..........
40.0 19.20
(*) ..........

2
2

2
2

8
8

444
544

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

79

Table A.—
UNION

SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
LATHERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hoursof
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

North Atlantic—Concluded.
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Metal and wood.
Wood.................
Providence, R . I.:
Metal..................
Wood.................
Rochester, N. Y .:
Metal..................
W ood.................
Scranton, Pa.:
Metal..................
Wood.................
Worcester, Mass.:
Metal..................
W ood.................

Cts. DoUs.
62.5 27.50
(*)

8

12
»2

Cts. Dans.
62.5 27.50
(*)

8

44
44
44
44

50.0 22.00
(8
)

46.9 20.63
<>
•

44
44

50.0 22.00
(<)

50.0 22.00
(4
)

44
44

56.3
(»)

24.75

56.3 24.75
(*)

44
44

56.3 24.75
(<)
56.3 24.75
(5
)

12 56.3 24.75
(4
)
56.3 24.75
(‘ >

44
53

South Atlantic.
Baltimore, Md........ .
Charleston, S. C.......
Washington, D. C.:
Metal................ .
W ood................

44
44

North Central.
Chicago, HI................................ 71.9 31.63
44
12 71.9 31.63
44
C
D
Cincinnati, Ohio:
12
Metal................................... 62.5 27.81
62.5 27.81
Wood.................................. (0
12
(0
Cleveland, Ohio:
Wood, wire, and metal, first
82
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
44
Wood, wire, and metal, sec­
82
ond class......................... 56.3 24.75
56.3 24.75
44
Detroit, Mich.:
Wire and metal................... 62.5 27.50
2
60.0 28.80
48
W ood First class..................... 62.5 27.50
2
60.0
48
Second class.................. 53.8
2
53.8 25.80
48
Third class................... 47.5 20.90
2
47.5 22.80
48
Grand Rapids, Mich...............
50.0 24.00
2
50.0 24.00
48
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Wire and metal................... 55.0 24.48
2
55.0 24.48
W ood.................................. (»)
2
(*)
i And on Saturday afternoon.
* $3.25 per 1,000 laths.
* 4* cents per square yard.
* 12.25 per 1,000 laths.
5 $2.50 per 1,000 laths.
« Work prohibited.
»13.50 per 1,000 laths.
* Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* 12 per 1,000 laths, 32 inches long; $2.25 per 1,000 laths, 48 inches long; $2.50 per 1,000 hardwood laths.




80

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

'T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
LATHERS—Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.

Hours of
Rate of
labor—
wages—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half- hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

North Central—Concluded.
Kansas City, Mo.:
Metal.......................
W ood......................
Milwaukee, W is.: .
First class, m etal...
Second class, wood.
Third class, w ood...
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Metal.......................
W ood First class.........
Second cla ss....
Third class.......
Omaha, Nebr.:
Metal.......................
Wood......................
Peoria, 111.:
Metal.....................
W ood......................
St. Louis. Mo.:
Metal......................
W ood......................
St. Paul, Minn.:
Metal.......................
W ood First class.........
Second cla ss....
Third class.......

Cts. DoUs,
68.8 30.25
56.3

24.75

2
2

2
2

8
8

44
44

Cts. Dolls.
12 68.8 30.25
12 56.3 24.75

8
8

44
44

56.3
5 3 .1
46.9

24.75
23.38
20.63

2
2
2

‘2
12
12

8
8
8

44
44
44

12
12
12

44
44
44

48

56.3
5 3 .1
46.9

24.75
23.38
20.63

8
8
8

50.0

24.00

8

48

50.0

24.00

n

2

8

50.0
43.8
37 .5

24.00
18.00

11
1*
1*

2
2
2

8
8
8

48
48
48

62.5
46.9

27.50
20.63

if

2
2

8
8

44
44

12
12

68.8

30.25
27.50

2
2

2
2

8
8

68.8
<*)

30.25

2
(*)

2
(*)

8
8

*45.6

21.90

2

2

8

48

45.6

545.6
•40.6
37 .5

21.90
19.50
18.00

2
2
2

2
2
2

8
8
8

48
48
48

45.6
40.6
37 .5

8
8

44
44

56.3
50.0

8
8
8

48
48
48

68.8

8
8

44
44

8
8

62.5

21.00

50.0
43.8
3 7 .5

24.00

8

18.00

8
8

48
48
48

62.5
46.9

27.50
20.63

8
8

44
44

44
44

12 68.8
12 62.5

30.25
27.50

8
8

44
44

44
44

12 68.8 30.25
12 (*) ..........

8
8

44
44

21.90

8

48

21.90
19.50
18.00

8
8
8

48
48
48

24.75

8
8

44
44

33.00

8
8
8

48
48
48

12 68.8
12 (9)

30.25

8
8

44
44

44
44

12
12

5 2 .5

23.10

8
8

44
44

8
8

44
44

12
12

6 2.5

27.50

8
8

44
44

8
8
8

48
48
48

8
8
8

48
48
48

21.00

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.:
56.3
24.75
Metal........................
2
If
W ood.......................
2
50.0 22.00
If
Dallas, Tex.:
68.8 33.00
2
Metal........................
If
1}
2
Wood (pine).............
C
O
(8)
2
Wood (cypress)........
1*
\/
Houston, Tex.:
68.8 30.25
2
2
Metal........................
(«)
2
2
Wood.......................
Louisville, K y.:
2
2
5 2 .5
23.10
Metal........................
(10)
2
2
W ood.......................
Memphis, Tenn.:
2
62.5
27.50
Metal........................
2
Wood.......................
if
<u> ..........
New Orleans, La.:
50.0 24.00
Metal........................
If
If
40.6
19.50
Wood, first grade .. I
If
If
34.4
16.50
Wood, second grade.
If
If
i Work on Labor Day and Christmas prohibited.
213 per 1,000 laths.
* Work prohibited.
* Scale became 56.3 cents on June 1,1915.
* Scale became 50 cents on June 1,1915.
« Scale became 43.8 cents on June 1,1915.




12
12

22.00

(*)

(8)

(10) ..........
(u) ..........

50.0
40.6
34.4

24.00
19.50
16.50

.........
713.75 per 1,000 laths.
« $3.25 per 1,000 laths.
•$3.15 per 1,000 laths,
w $2.75 per 1,000 laths,
n 4 cents per square yard.

81

UNTON" SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915,

T a b le A*— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
LATHERS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
*>y—
Rate of wages—

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Wood, wire, and metal, first
class..................................
Wood, wire, and metal,
second class......................
Portland. Oreg.:
Metal...................................
Wood..................................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Wood, wire, and metal, first
grade................................
Wood, wire, and metal,
second grade.....................
San Francisco, CaL:
M eta l................................
W ood First class.....................
Second class..................
Third class....................
Seattle, Wash.:
Wood and metal, first class.
Wood, second class.............
Wood,third class................
Spokane, Wash.:
Metal...................................
Wood..................................

as. Dolls.
50.0 22.00

Os. Dolls.
50.0 22.00

43.8

19.25

43.8

19.25

44

62.5 27.50
0)

62.5
(>)

27.50

44
44

62.5 27.50

62.5

27.50

44

54.4

54.4

44

75.0 33.00

75.0 33.00

44

75.0 33.00
68.8 30.25
62.5 27.50

75.0 33.00
68.8 30.25
62.5 27.50

44
44
44

62.5 27.50
56.3 24.75
50.0 22.00

62.5 27.50
56.3 24.75
50.0 22.00

44
44
44

62.5 27.50
<*)

62.5
(*)

27.50

44
44

12 56.3
62.5
12 68.8
...... <*)
12 68.8
12 68.8
12 68.8
12 55.0

24.75
30.00
30.25
<*)
30.25
30.25
30.25
24.20

23.93

44

MARBLE-SETTERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass..........
Buffalo, N .Y ..........
Newark, N. J..........
New Haven, ConnNew York, N. Y ....
Philadelphia, P a ...
Pittsburgh, Pa.......
Rochester, N .Y ....

68.8
62.5
68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
57.5

30.25
30.00
30.25
30.25
30.25
30.25
30.25
25.30

2
1*
2
2
2
* if

2
2
2
2
2
2
<2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
48
44
44
44
44
44
44

8
8
8
(*>
8
8
8
8

44
48
41
(8
)
44
44
44
44

8
8
8

48
48
44

South Atlantic.
68.8 33.00
Atlanta, Ga..........
68.8 33.00
Baltimore, Md......
62.5 27.50
Washington, D.C..
i $2 per 1,000 laths.
* S3 per 1,000 laths.
8 Not organized on May 1,1914.

30061°— BuU. 194—16------ 6




i|
2

68.8 33.00
2
8
48
8
48
62.5 30.00
2
*4
12 62.5 27.50
2
8
4 And on Saturday afternoon.
6 until midnight; double time thereafter.

82

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
MARBLE SETTERS—
CoDfiludcd.
May 1, 1914.

May U 1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over* days
with
and
time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourlyrate
multiplied
by' Rate of wages-

North Central.

a s.
71.9
68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8
68.8

Dolls.
31.63
30.25
30.25
* 30.25
30.25
30.25
30.25
30.25
33.00
30.25
33.00
33.00

HJt
li
1
1
1t
«1 f
1
li
li
l
1
l

*2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

68.5
68.8
68.8
62.5
60.0
62.5
62.5

30.14
30.25
30.25
» 27.50
26.40
27.50
27.50

68.8 30.25
68.8 30.25
62.5 27.50
68.8 30.25

Os. Dolls.
71.9 31.63
68.8 30.25

&
8

44
44
44
<44
44
44
44
44
48
44
48
48

12
12
8
6
10
12
12
12

(5
)
68.8
68.8
68.8

(6
)
30.25
30.25
30.25

(‘ >
8
8
8

%

10

(6
>

(*>

(*)

(5
>

2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

u
ii(
2
1
1
li
li
«li

2
82
2
72
2
82
2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
•44
44
44
44

12
12
12
5
3
9
12

68.5
68.8
68.8
62.5
(8
)
(6)
62.5

30.14
30.25
30.25
<>27.50
(5)
v)
27.50

8
8
8
8
(®
>
(«)
8

44
44
44
•44
(*)
(5)
44

1
3
li
li
li

2

8
8
8
8

44 • 12 68.8 30.25
44
12 68.8 30.25
44
12 62.5 27.50
12 68.8 30.25
44

8
8
8
8

44
44
44
44

44
44

8
8

41
44

44
12 34.4 15.13
8
2
2
8
Washington, D. C..................... 34.4 15.13
i Until 10.20 p. m.; double time thereafter, and on Saturday afternoon.
* Work on Labor Day prohibited.
a Under j urisdiction of bricklayers’ union.
* 48 hours and $33 per week, November to April, inclusive.
* Not organized on May 1, 1914.
« Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* For Sunday, Washington’s Birthday, and Memorial Day; other holidays, work prohibited.
« And on Saturday afternoon.
» 48 hours and $30 per week, October to April, inclusive.

44

Chicago, 111...............................
Cincinnati, Ohio........................
Cleveland, O h i o ........ .
Detroit, Mich.8................. .
Grand Rapids, Mich..................
Indianapolis, lnd.......................
TTangag City, Mo........................
Milwaukee. Wis................. .......
Minneapolis, Minn.8. . . . . . . . . . . .
Omaha, Nebr.............................
St. Louis, Mo.8.......................
St. Paul, Minn.8........................

44
44

44
44

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala......................
DaUasTTex......................
Houston. Tex............................
Little Rock, Ark.......................
Louisville, Ky...... ............. .
Memphis, Tenn........... .............
New Orleans, L a . . . . . . . . . . .
Western.
Denver, Colo.................... .
Portland, Oreg.........%
...............
San Francisco, Cal.....................
Seattle, Wash.............................

?
2

MARBLE-SETTERS’ HELPERS.
North Atlantic.
Newark, N. J............................. 40.6 17.88
New York, N. Y ....................... 40.6 17.88

2
2

2
2

8
8

12 40.6
12 40.6

17.88
17.88

South Atlantic.




83

UNION' SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
MARBLE-SETTBRS* HELPERS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1, 1914.

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half- hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byHours of
labor—

Rate of wages-

North Central.
Cts. Dolls.
Chicago, 111................................ 42.5 18.70
Cincinnati, Ohio........................ 31.3 14.06

22
2

8
8

44
45

Cts. DoUs.
12 42.5 18.70
12 (*)
(*)

8
(3
)

44
<*)

2

8

44

12 25.0

11.00

8

44

1*
2
2

8
8
8

44
44
44

12 37.5
12 37.5
12 37.5

16.50
16.50
16.50

8
8
8

44
44
44

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

• 44
44
44
548
44
48
44
44

55.0 24.20
45.5 20.02
45.0 19.80
46.9 522.50
37.5 16.50
...... 31.3 15.00
12 44.0 19.36
12 40.9 18.00

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
«48
44
48
44
44

(•)
12 50.0 22.00
2
8
44
50.0 22.00
(7)
44
12 50.0 22.00
2
8
50.0 22.00
44
12 42.5 18.70
8
42.5 18.70
11 t (2)
82
44
12 56.3 24.75
58.1 25.58
8
1
12 45.5 20.02
8
44
45.5 20.02 * 1\ #2
44
12 46.9 20.63
li
2
8
48.4 21.31
44
12 50.0 22.00
2
8
work..
li
50.0 22.00
22
li
8
44
1 40.0 19.20
Scranton, Pa.
42.5 18.70
44
12 45.5 20.02
1 102
8
Worcester, Mass.,
45.5 20.02
i Until 10.20 p. m .; double time thereafter, and on Saturday afternoon.
* Work on Labor Day prohibited.
« Not reported.
<Until midnight; double time thereafter.
& hours and $20.63 per week. June to August, inclusive,
44
e $1.14 per hour. Work on Labor Day and Saturday afternoon prohibited.
* $1.15 per hour.
s Work on Labor Day and Saturday afternoon prohibited.
» And on Saturday afternoon.
io And on Saturday afternoon. Work on Labor Day prohibited.

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
41
41
44
41
43
44

li

South Central.
New Orleans, La....................... 25.0

11.00

Western.
Portland, Oreg.......................... 37.5
San Francisco, Cal..................... 37.5
37.5

16.50
16.50
16.50

if
4

PAINTERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston. Mass.:
Union A ..............................
Union B ..............................
Bridgeport, Conn.......................
Buffalo, N .Y .............................
Pall River, Mass........................
Manchester, N. H ......................
Newark, N. J.............................
New Haven, Conn....................
New York, N .Y .:
Manhattan, Bronx, Queens,
and Richmond.......... .
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburgh, P a ...
Providence, R . I .
Rochester, N. Y .




55.0 24.20
45.5 20.02
45.0 19.80
46.9 522.50
37.5 16.50
31.3 15.00
44.0 19.36
40.9 18.00

2
2
1}
1}
li
li
2
H

22

2
22
2
2
22
2
2

12
12
12
3
12

84

BULLETIN OF THE BUBEAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
PAINTERS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
of
Sun­
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga..................
Baltimore, Md..............
Charleston, S. C............
Jacksonville, Fla..........
Richmond, va...............
Washington, D. C........

Cts. Dolls.
33.3 18.00
37.5 18.00
25.0 12.00
37.5 18.00
30.6 16.50
50.0 22.00

Dolls.
18.00
18.00
12.00
18.00
16.50
22.00

9
8
8
8
9
8

153
48
48
48
54
44

30.80
22.00
22.00
421.60
18.00
22.00
26.40
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
26.40
22.00

8
8
8
8
9
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
448
54
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

48
44
44
48
48
44
48

45.0 21.60
12 50.0 22.00
53.1 23.38
12
50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
12 52.5 23.10
40.0 19.20

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

48
44
44
48
48
44
48

44
48
44
44
44
44
44

12 50.0
43.8
12 50.0
12 56.3
12 59.4
12 56.3
12 56.3

22.00
21.00
22.00
24.75
26.13
24.75
24.75

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
48
44
44
44
44
44

2
2
2
2
2
2

9
8
8
8
9
8

153
48
48
48
54
44

22
2
32
22
2
22
2
22
82
2
22
22

8
8
8
8
9
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
448
54
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

2
2
22
22
2
2
1*

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

1
^ *l|
i£
M
* if
i
1
i|
2
2
2
\
*1*
ll

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

1)
l\
ll
ll

1
li

Cts.
33.3
37.5
25.0
37.5
30.6
12 50.0

North Central.
Chicago, 111....................
Cincinnati, Ohio...........
Cleveland, Ohio............
Detroit, Mich................
Grand Rapids. Mich___
Indianapolis, Ind..........
Kansas CitVjMo...........
ICUwaukee.Wis..........
Minneapolis, M inn..,...
Omaha, Nebr................
Peoria,HI.....................
St. Louis, Mo................
St. Paul, Minn..............

70.0
50.0
50.0
45.0
33.3
50.0
60.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
62.5
50.0

30.80
22.00
22.00
<21.60
18.00
22.00
26.40
22.00
22.00
22.00
22.00
27.50
22.00

IJ
1
1
ll
l
l
l
l
li
»1
l
2
a

45.0
50.0
53.1
50.0
50.0
52.5
40.0

21.60
22.00
23.38
24.00
24.00
23 10
19.20

i^
•1
3

50.0
43.8
50.0
156.3
62.5
56.3
56.3

22.00
21.00
22.00
24.75
27.50
24.75
24.75

12
12
12
3
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

70.0
50.0
50.0
45.0
33.3
50.0
60.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
60.0
50.0

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala..........
Dallas, Tex...................
Houston, Tex...............
Little Rock, Ark..........
Louisville, K y..............
Memphis, Tenn............
New Orleans, La..........

M

5 If
1
* lj

Western.
Denver, Colo................
Los Angeles, Cal...........
Portland, Oreg.............
Salt Lake City, Utah...
San Francisco, Cal........
Seattle, Wash................
Spokane, Wash.............

i Work 53 hours, paid for 64.
a Work on Labor D ay prohibited.
* Work on Labor Day and Saturday afternoon prohibited.
, * 44 hours, and $19.80 per week, June to August, inclusive.
5 Until midnight; double time thereafter.
« Work on July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas prohibited.
7 Scale became 59.4 cents on May 15,1915.
8 Work on July 4, Labor Day, Christmas, and Saturday afternoon prohibited.




85

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
PAINTERS: Fresco.
May 1,1915.

May 1, 1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
days
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per
Per week,
full full half- hour.
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byNorth Atlantic.

Hours of
labor—

Per
Par
week, Per week.
full full
full
time. day. time.

Cts. Dolls.
60.0 26.40
42.5 18.70

2
n

12
2

8
8

44
44

Cts. jDoUs.
12 60.0 26.40
12 42.5 18.70

8
8

44
44

56.3
56.3
50.0
48.4
45.5

24.75
24.75
22.00
21.31
20.02

2
2
1*
1?
if

W
(*)
»2
2
12

8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
44
44

12
12
12
12
12

8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
44
44

Charleston, S. C......................... 50.0 24.00
Washington, D. C..................... 50.0 22.00

11

8
8

48
44

50.0
12 50.0

24.00
22.00

8
8

48
44

Boston, Mass.............................
Fall River, Mass........................
New York, N. Y .:
Manhattan, Bronx, Queens,
and Richmond.................
Kings..................................
Philadelphia, Pa.......................
Rochester, N. Y .........................
Worcester, Mass........................

56.3 24.75
56.3 24.75
50.0 22.00
46.9 20.63
45.5 20.02

Sooth Atlantic.
2
1*

North Central.
Cincinnati. Ohio....................... 55.0 24.20
Indianapolis, Ind....................... 50.0 22.00
St. Paul, Minn........................... 50.0 22.00

if
if

2
12
2

8
8
8

44
44
44

12 55.0 24.20
12 50.0 22.00
12 50.0 22.00

8
8
8

44
44
44

u
if
if

2

8
8
8

48
44
44

62.5 30.00
12 62.5 27.50
12 62.5 27.50

8
8
8

48
44
44

8
8
8
8
8

44
48
44
•48
44

12 62.5
50.0
62.5
3 50.0
12 45.5

8
8
8
8
8

44
48
48
<48
44

Western.
Los Angeles, Cal........................ 62.5 30.00
Salt Lake c/ty , Utah................ 462.5 27.50
Seattle, Wash............................ 62.5 27.50

PAINTERS: Sign.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass....................
Bridgeport, Conn.............
Btiffalo.N .Y.............................
Rochester, N. Y ...............
Worcester, Mass...............

62.5
50.0
$2.5
50.0
45.5

27.50
34.00
27.50
824.00
20.02

2
#14
if
if
if

12
51}
12
2
12

27.50
24.00
30.00
•24.00
20.02

North Central.
2
12
8
44
12 75.0 33.00
75.0 33.00
8
Chicago, HI.............
2
Cincinnati, O hio....
59.4 26.13
lj
8
44
12 59.4 26.13
8
1
2
12 62.5 27.50
8
8
62.5 27.50
Detroit, Mich.........
44
2
44
12 70.0 30.80
Kansas City, M o....
8
70.0 30.80
1
8
1
12
Milwaukee, W is—
8
44
12 62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
8
Roadmen........
52.1 722.92
1
12
44
12 52.1 722.92
8
8
1
3
2
8
48
56.3 27.00
8
56.3 27.00
Minneapolis, Minn..
2
12 55.0 24.20
44
1
8
8
Omaha, Nebr.........
55.0 24.20
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
i Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* 44 hours ana $22 per week, June to August, inclusive.
*$1.28 per hour.
* $1.15 per hour.
* And board and expenses.
<Scale became 65.6 cents on May 15,1915.




44
44
44
44
44
44
48
41

86

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
PAINTERS: Sign—Concluded.
May 1, 1914.

May 191915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
days
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Par
Par
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half- hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
day. time.
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byNorth Central—Concluded.
Cts. Dolls.
Peoria, HI.................................. 55.0 24.20
St. Louis, Mo............................. 68.8 30.25
St. Paul, Minn........................... 56.3 24.75

li
2
ii

2
22
2

8
8
8

44
44
44

Cts. Dolls.
3 <
l)
0)
12 68.8 30.25
12 56.3 24.75

(l)
8
8

C)
1
44
44

South Central.
56.3
62.5
50.0
52.5

824.75
<30.00
24.00
23.10

ii
« ii
if
5i f

2
s2
2
2

8
8
8
8

«44
<48
48
44

5 56.3 824.75
3 62.5 <30.00
50.0 24.00
4 51.9 22.83

8
8
8
8

844
<48
48
44

62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
68.8
62.5
Spokane, Wash.......................... 62.5

27.50
27.50
27.50
30.00
30.25
27.50
27.50

li
«14
li
li
®1|
if
li

22
2
2
li
2
2
»1J

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
48
44
44
44

12 62.5 27.50
12 62.5 27.50
12 62.5 27.50
...... 62.5 30.00
12 68.8 30.25
12 62:5 27.50
12 62.5 27.50

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
48
44
44
44

2
2
12 65.0 28.60
865.0 28.60
8 844
Boston, Mass..........
2
Bridgeport, Conn...
2
8
44
12 60.0 26.40
60.0 26.40
2
*2
60.0 926.40
8 9 44
8 60.0 926.40
Buffalo, N. Y .........
60.0 28.80
Fall River, M ass...
8
48
60.0 28.80
li
li
Manchester, N .H ..
50.0 22.00 * li
2
44
12 50.0 22.00
8
2
2
Newark, N. J.........
65.0 28.60
8
44
12 65.0 28.60
60.0 26.40
2
2
12 60.0 26.40
New Haven, Conn8
44
68.8 30.25
2
2
12 68.8 30.25
New York, N. Y ...
44
8
62.5 25.00 io i i U2
12 62.5 27.50
Philadelphia. P a ...
8
40
71.9 31.63
2
2
12 68.8 30.25
Pittsburgh, Pa.......
8
44
62.5 27.50
2
2
44
12 62.5 27.50
Providence. R . I . ..
8
Rochester, N. Y ....
65.0 28.60 i« i i
2
44
12 65.0 28.60
8
60.0 26.40
2
Scranton, Pa..........
44
12 55.0 24.20
8
li
2
28.60
12 65.0 28.60
8
44
Worcester, M ass....
li
i Not organized on May 1,1914.
* Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* 48 hours and $27 per week, October to April, inclusive.
* 44 hours and $27.50 per week, June to August, inclusive.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
« Until 1 a. m.; double time thereafter.
* Work on July 4, Labor Day, Christmas, and Saturday afternoon prohibited.
* Scale became 70 cents and 40 hours on June 1,1915.
9 48 hours and $28.80 per week, Nov. 15 to Mar. 15.
1 Until 11 p. m.; double time thereafter, and on Saturday,
0
u For Sunday; work on holidays prohibited.
^ Until 7 p. m.; double time thereafter.

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
•44
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
41
44
44

Birmingham, Ala......................
Dallas, Tex................................
Louisville, K y .... .....................
Memphis, Tenn.........................
Western.
Los Angeles, Cal........................
Portland, Oreg..........................
Salt Lake City, Utah................
San Francisco, Cal.....................

PLASTERERS.
North Atlantic.




87

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES* ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
PLASTERERS—Concluded.

May 1,, 1914.

May 1,1915*

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
wages—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
days
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full
full full half­ hour. r M l
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byHours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

South Atlantic.

Cfs.
45.0
62.5
40.0
62.5
62.5

Dolls.
?3 85
27.50
21.60
30.00
27.50

u
if
2

75.0
75.0
68.8
68.8
60.0
68.8
75.0
65.0
70.0
75.0
75.0
St. Louis, Mo............................. 75.0
St. Paul, Minn........................... 62.5

33.00
33.38
30.25
30.25
26.40
30.59
33.00
28.60
30.80
33.00
33.00
33.00
27.50

2
n
2
2
*1*
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

62.5
87.5
87.5
62.5
65.0
75.0
50.0

27.50
38.50
38.50
30.00
28.00
33.00
24.00

2
1*
2
2
2

75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
87.5
75.0
75.0

33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
38.50

Baltimore, Md...........................
Charleston. S. C ... . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Jacksonville, F la.. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Washington, D. C......................

?

2
2
2
2
2

9 53
8 44
9 153
8 48
8 44

Cts.
45.0
12 62.5
40.0
62.5
12 62.5

Dolls.
23.85
27.50
21.00
30.00
27.50

9
8
9
8
8

12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

33.00
33.38
27.50
30.25
26.40
28.93
33.00
28.60
30.80
33.00
33.00
33.00
27.50

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44*
44
44
44
44*
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

12 62.5 27.50
12 87.5 38.50
12 87.5 38.50
62.5 30.00
*i2* 65.0 28.60
12 75.0 33.00
62.5 30.00

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
48
44
44
48

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
44
44
44
44

53
44
153
48
44

North Central.
Chicago, 111................................
Cincinnati, Ohio........................
Cleveland, Ohio.........................
Detroit, Mich.............................
Grand Rapids, Mich..................
Indianapolis, Ind.......................
Kansas City, Mo........................
Milwaukee. Wis.........................
Minneapolis, Minn.....................
Omaha, Nebr.............................

2
*2
82
*2
2
2

62

*2
*2
2
*2

72
2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
4U
44
44
44
44*
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
48
44
44
48

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
0

44
44
44
44
44
44
44

75.0
75.0
62.5
68.8
60.0
65.0
75.0
65.0
70.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
62.5

South CentraL
Birmingham, Ala......................
Dallas, Tex................................
Houston, Tex............................
Little Rock, Ark.......................
Louisville, K y...........................
Memphis, Tenn.........................
New Orleans, La.......................

2

2

*2

#2
2
2
2
2

Western.
Denver, Colo..............................
Los Angeles, Cal........................
Portland, Oreg...........................
Salt Lake City, Utah.................
San Francisco, Cal.....................
Seattle, Wash............................
Spokane, Wash..........................

n
2
2
2
2
as. 00
33.00 102

2
2
2
2
2

*2
2

12
12
12
12
12
12
12

75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
87.5
75.0
75.0

33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
38.50
33.00
33.00

1Work 53 hours, paid for 54.
2 For Sunday: work on holidays prohibited.
* Work on Labor Day and Saturday afternoon prohibited.
* Work on Labor Day prohibited.
« Until 7.30p. m.; double time thereafter.
6Work on July 4, Labor Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas prohibited.
» Work on New Year, July 4, Labor Day, Christmas, and Saturday afternoon prohibited.
8 Until 7 p. m.; double time thereafter.
* Work on Saturday afternoon prohibited.
io Time and a half from 1 p. m. to 8 p. m. on Saturday.




88

BULLETIN OP TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
PLASTERERS’ LABORERS.
May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Geographical division and city.

North Atlantic.

May 1, 1914.
Rate of
wages—

ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by-

as.
141.5
31.3
35.0
40.6
43.8
40.0
30.0
35.0

DoCls.
18.26
13.75
15.40
17.88
19.25
17.60
13.20
15.40

Washington, D. C..................... 31.3

(?)
1*

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

144
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

l?
12
12
12
12
12

as. Bolls.
41.5 18.26
(2 * (2)
)
35.0 15.40
40.6 17.88
43.8 19.25
40.0 17.60
30.0 13.20
35.0 15.40

13.75

1*

2

8

44

12

31.3

Chicago, 111................................ 50.0 22.00
Cincinnati, Ohio........................ 45.0 20.25
Cleveland, Ohio......................... 35.0 15.40
43.8 19.25
Grand Rapids, Mich.: Tenders. 30.0 16.20
Kansas City,M o........................ 45.0 19.80
Milwaukee. Wis......................... 37.5 18.00
Minneapolis,Minn.: Tenders... 45.0 19.80
Peoria, 111................................... 40.6 17.88
St. Louis, Mo............................. 56.3 24.75

*1J
i!
1
^

2
•2
»2
2
1
82
2
«2
2
92

8
8
8
8
9
8
g
8
8
8

44
45
44
44
54
44
48
44
44
44

12
12
12
12

13.20
1
15.40
1
16.72 io 1
16.50 ii l\
10.80
j;
15.60

2
2
2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
44
48
48

12
12
12
12

24.75
14
2
24.00
24.75 M il
2
27.50
22*00
14
24.75
2

2
2
2
«2
«2
«2

8
8
8
8
8
8

Boston, Mass.............................
Manchester, N. H ......................
Newark, N. J.............................
New York, N .Y .......................
Philadelphia. Pa........................
Pittsburgh, Fa...........................
Rochester, N. Y .........................
Worcester, Mass.........................

Hours of
labor—

1|
n
2
2
*n
11

12

8
8
8
8
•
8
8
8

44
(2)
44
44
44
44
44
44

13.75

8

44

50.0
45.0
35.0
43.8
30.0
45.0
37.5
4o! 6
40.6
56.3

22.00
20.25
15.40
19.25
16.20
19.80
18.00
17.88
17.88
24.75

8
8
8
8
9
8
8
8
8
8

44
45
44
44
54
44
48
44
44
44

30.0
35.0
38.0
37.5
22.5
32.5

13.20
15.40
16.72
16.50
10.80
15.60

8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
44
48
48

44 12 56.3 24.75
48
50.0 24.00
44 '*i2~ 56.3 24.75
44 12 62.5 27.50
44 12 50.0 22.00
44 12 56.3 24.75

8
8
8
8
8
8

44
48
44
41
44
44

(2
)

South Atlantic.
North Central.

1
2
2
2
2

12
12
12
12

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala...................... 30.0
Dallas, Tex................................ 35.0
Louisville, K y .......................... 38.0
37.5
New Orleans, La....................... 22.5
Tenders............................... 32.5
Western.
Los Angeles, Gal.. . . . . ...............
Portland, Oreg.: Tenders.........
Salt Lake City, Utah.................
San Francisco, Cal.....................
Seattle, Wash............................
Spokane, Wash..........................

56.3
50.0
56.3
62.5
50.0
56.3

i Scale became 45 cents and 10 hours on June 1,1915.
* Not organized on May 1,1914.
<Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* 35 cents for first hour: time and a half thereafter.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter, and on Saturday afternoon.
« Work on Labor Day prohibited.
» Work on Labor Day and Saturday afternoon prohibited.
* Work on July 4, Labor Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas prohibited.
* Work on New Year, July 4, Labor Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas prohibited,
u Until 7 p. m.; double time thereafter.
1 Until 8 p. m.; double time thereafter,
1
u Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter.




89

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
PLUMBERS AND GAS FITTERS.
May 1,1915.

May 1,,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Hours of
Rate of
wages—
labor—
Num
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and dty.
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half- hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Plumbers.............................
Gas fitters...........................
Bridgeport, Conn.......................
Buffalo, N. Y ............................
Fall River, Mass........................
Manchester, N. H......................
Newark, N. J.............................
New Haven, Conn.....................
New York, N. Y .:
Manhattan, Bronx, and
Brooklyn..........................
Queens................................
Richmond......................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Union A . ............................
Unions B and C..................
Pittsburgh, Pa..........................
Providence. R. I .......................
Rochester, N. Y ........................
Scranton. Pa.............................
Worcester, Mass.:
Plumbers.............................
Gas fitters...........................

Dolls.
28.60
24.20
21.01
827.00
21.00
15.00
27.50
23.99

2
2
*13
1
2
li

68.8 30.25
62.5 27.50
53.1 23.38

as.
65.0
155.0
47.8
56.3
443.8
31.3
62.5
54.5

2

2

li
2
2

8 44
8 44
8 44
8 *48
8 5 48
8 48
8 44
8 44

2
2
2

2
2
2

8
8
8

2
2
2
2

44
44
44

«2
2
2
lj
1E 72
2
2
2
2
2

8 44
8 44
8 44
8 44
8 44
8 1044

2
2

2
2

8
8

li
24.00
24.00 1*1
1
21.00
i;
30.00
li
24.00
2
27.00

2
2
2
2
2
2

50.0
43.8
68.8
56.3
853.1
53.1

22.00
19.25
30.25
24.75
23.38
1023.38

56.3
40.9

24.75
18.00

44.4
50.0
43.8
62.5
50.0
56.3

Cls.
65.0
55.0
47.8
56.3
43.8
31.3
12 62.5
12 50.0

Dolls.
28.60
24.20
21.01
327.00
21.00
15.00
27.50
22.00

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
848
48.
48
44
44

12 68.8 30.25
12 62.5 27.50
12 53.1 23.38

8
8
8

44
44
44

12
12
12
12
12

12
12
12
3

50.0
43.8
62.5
56.3
50.0
53.1

22.00
19.25
27.50
24.75
22.00
25.50

8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
44
44
48

44
44

12 56.3
12 40.9

24.75
18.00

8
8

44
44

9 n 53
8 48
8 48
8 48
8 48
8 48

44.4
50.0
43.8
62.5
50.0
56.3

24.00
24.00
21.00
30.00
24.00
27.00

9 U53
48
8
8
48
8
48
48
8
8
48

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...... .........................
Baltimore, Md...........................
Charleston. S. C.........................
Jacksonville, F la ....................
Richmond, Va...........................
Washington, D. C.....................
North Central.
12 75.0 33.00
2
8 44
Chicago, HI................................ 75.0 33.00 182
4
12 61.8 27.50
8 44}
Cincinnati, Ohio........................ 61.8 27.50 •1} 1 2
2
12 62.5 27.50
2
8 44
Cleveland, Ohio........................ 1562.5 27.50
2
2
8 48
56.3 27.00
Detroit, M ich... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1560.0 28.80
12 50.0 22.00
8 44
Grand Rapids. Mich.................. 50.0 22.00 914 T42
4
12 62.5 27.50
8 44
2 12
Indianapolis, Ind...................... 62.5 27.50
* Scale became 60 cents on Tune 1,1915.
* Until 8 p. m.; double time thereafter.
a 44 hours and $24.75 per week, June to August, inclusive.
« Scale became 50 cents on Sept. 6,1915.
e Scale became 44 hours on June 1,1915.
* And on Saturday afternoon. Work on Labor Day prohibited.
7 And on Saturday afternoon.
* Scale became 56.3 cents on June 1,1915.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
1 48 hours and $25.50 per week, October to April, inclusive.
0
1 Work 53 hours, paid for 54.
1
is Until 11 p. m.; double time thereafter, and after 4 p. m. on Saturday,
is Time and a half between noon and 5 p. m. on Saturday.
h Work on Labor Day prohibited,
is Scale became 68.8 cents on July 1,1915.
1 Scale became 62.5 cents on Aug. 1,1915.
5




8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44}
44
48
44
44

90

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
PLUMBERS AND GAS FITTERS—Concluded.
May 1, 1914.

May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
wages—
Num~
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
days
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourlyrate
multiplied
byRate of wages-

North Central—Concluded.
Kansas City.Mo........................
Milwaukee, w is........................
Minneapolis, Minn.....................
Omaha, Nebr............................
Peoria, 111..................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Plumbers.............................
Gas fitters...........................
St. Paul, Minn..........................

as. Dolls.

168.8
62.5
62.5
€8.3
62.5

30.25
27.50
27.50
30.03
27.50

2
• if
2
2

2
2
2
2
<2

8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
44
44

12
12
12
12
12

as. Dolls.
68.8 30.25
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
68.3 30.03
62.5 27.50

8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
44
44

12 75.0 33.00
12 66.3 29.15
12 62.5 27.50

8
8
8

44
44
44

12
12
12
6
12

75.0 33.00
66.3 29.15
62.5 27.50

• if

2
2
2

8
8
8

44
44
44

75.0
75.0
75.0
62.5
60.0
62.5
56.3

33.00
33.00
33.00
5 27.50
26.40
30.00
27.00

n
2
2
2
**
* li
2

2
2
2
2
62
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
5 44
44
48
48

62.5
56.3
75.0
75.0
75.0
Seattle, Wash............................ 75.0
Spokane, Wash.......................... 62.5

27.50
27.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
27.50

2
2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
72
2
1*

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
48
44
44
44
44
44

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala......................
Dallas, Tex................................
Houston, Tex............................
Little Rock, Ark.......................
Louisville, Ky...........................
M«mphis; T w n -. . . . ______
New Orleans, La.......................

75.0
75.0
75.0
62.5
60.0
62.5
56.3

33.00
33.00
33.00
«27.50
26.40
30.00
27.00

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
544
44
48
48

12 62.5
56.3
12 75.0
12 75.0
12 75.0
12 75.0
12 62.5

27.50
27.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
27.50

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
48
44
44
44
44
44

Western.
Denver, Colo.............................
Los Angeles, CaL..
Portland, Oreg..........................
Salt Lake City, Utah................

il

SHEET-METAL WORKERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston. Mass.:
Building w ork...
2
2
55.0 24.20
8
44
12 55.0 24.20
Railroad shops..
27.5 14.85
1}.
27.5 14.85
9 853
1}
47.8 21.01 8if
2
8
Bridgeport, Conn___
44
12 47.8 21.01
2
Buffalo, N .Y ...........
50.0 *24.00 w if
8 •48
3 50.0 •24.00
Manchester, N. H ...
34.4 16.50
34.4 16.50
8
48
if
U
2
Newark, N. J...........
2
60.0 26.40
8
44
12 60.0 26.40
New Haven, Conn.:
Building w ork...
47.7 21.00
2
2
44
8
12 47.7 21.00
28.5 15.39
Railroad shops..
28.5 15.39
9 853
H 1*
* Scale became 75 cents on July 1,1915.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter, and on Saturday afternoon.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* And on Saturday afternoon.
* 48 hours and $30 per week, November to April, inclusive.
* And after 5 p. m. on Saturday.
7 Work on Labor Day prohibited.
8 Work 53 hours, paid for 54.
» 44 hours and $22 per week, June to August, inclusive,
w Until 9 p. m .; double time thereafter.




8
9
8
8
8
8
8
9

44

853

44
•48
48
44
44

853

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

91

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
SHEET-METAL WORKERS—Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.

Hours of
Bate of
labor—
Num­
ber
of
Sun­
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byHoursof
labor—

Kate of wages—

North Atlantic—Concluded.
New York, N. Y .:
Manhattan, Bronx, Brook­
lyn, and Queens..............
Richmond...........................
Philadelphia, Pa.......................
Pittsburgh, Pa..........................
Providence, R . I........................
Rochester, N. Y ........................
Scranton, Pa.............................
Worcester, Mass........................

Cts.
62.5
50.0
50.0
*57.5
48.0
50.0
46.9
40.6

Dolls.
27.50
24.00
22.00
25.30
21.12
22.00
20.63
19.50

2
2
1!
1
If
®If
li

33.3
35.0
37.5
38.0
41.0
40.0
27.8
37.5

16.67
18.90
20.25
20.52

1

19.20
15.00
18.00

li
*li

as.
62.5
50.0
50.0
55.0
48.0
46.9
46.9
40.6

2
2
12
2
2
2
2
2

DoUs.
27.50
24.00
22.00
24.20
21.12
20.63
22.50
19.50

44
48
44
44
44
44
48
48

South Atlantic.
Atlanta. Ga.:
Building work..
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road B ___
Railroad shops, road G___
Baltimore, Md..........................
Charleston. S. C.......................
Jacksonville, Fla......................
Richmond, va.:
Railroad shops, roads A
andC...............................
Railroad shops, road B ..
Washington, D . C.................

32.0 17.28
34.0 18.36
50.0 22.25

if

?
li

2
U
11
l|
li
»2
2
2

50
54
54
54
60
48
553
48
54
54
44*

12 33.3 16.67
35.0 18.90
37.5 20.25
38.0 20.52
O
41.0 24. C
40.0 19.20
27.8 15.00
37.5 18.00
32.0 17.28
34.0 18.36
50.0 22.25

50
54
54
54
60
48

«S3
48
54
54
44*

North Central.
Chicago. HI.:
52
Building work...............
68.8 30.25 72
68.8 30.25
44
2
Inside shop men............
55.0 24.20 »i;
44
55.0 24.20
Inside shop men............
2
45.0 22.28 «ii
49|
45.0 22.28
li
Cincinnati, Ohio..................
2
44
50.0 22.00
45.0 19.80
Cleveland, Ohio..................
2
50.0 24.00 • ij_
48
45.0 21.60
io 48
Detroit, Mich.......................
2
50.0 1024.00
50.0 1024.00
i f
l
Grand Rapids, M ich..........
32.5 17.55
54
32.5 17.55
li
Indianapolis, Lid.:
Building work..............
52
44
55.0 24.20
12 50.0 22.00
1
Railroad shops, road A .
27.5 19.25
70
27.5 19.25
i|
1
32.5 20.48
Railroad shops, road C..
63
32.5 20.48
li
29.3 20.48
70
Railroad shops, road F .
29.3 20.48
if 1
i And on Saturday afternoon. Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* Scale became 60 cents on Nov. 1,1915.
< Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* Until 9 p. m.; double time thereafter.
* Work on Labor Day prohibited.
« Work 53 hours, paid for 54.
* For shopwork, tune and a half until 10 p. m.
8 Until 10 p. m .; double time thereafter, and on Saturday afternoon.
8 Until 1 a. m .; double time thereafter,
io 44 hours and $22 per week, June to August, inclusive.




44
44
49*
44
48
10 48
54
44
70
63
70

92

BULLETIN OF THE BUBEAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
SHEET-METAL WORKERS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914*

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
days
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per
Per week,
full full half­ hour.
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by-

Hours of
labor—

Per Per Par
week, full week,
full
full
time. day. time.

North Central—Concluded.
Kansas City, Mo.:
Building work....................
Railroad shops, roads B
and D ............................. .
Railroad shops, road E ___
Railroad shops, road E ......
Railroad shops, road E ___
Railroad shops, roadF........
Railroad shops, road G ___
Railroad shops, road H ___
Milwaukee, W is.................. « ...
Minneapolis, Minn................... .
Omaha, Nebr........................... .
Peoria, 111..................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Building work................... .
Railroad shops, road A ......
Railroad shops, road B ......
Railroad shops, road C...... .
Railroad shops, road D ......
Railroad shops, road E ___
Railroad shops, road F ___
St, Paul, Minn..........................

Cts. Dolls.
62.5 27.50

*1}

*2

8

44

8
9
10
11
9
9
9
8
8
8
8

48
»53
4 59
865
«53
54
54
6 48
48
44
48

Cts. Dolls.
12 60.0 26.40

8

44

37.0
37.0
37.0
37.0
35.0
35.0
38.0
3 45.0
50.0
12 42.5
45.0

19.98
19.94
22.19
24.45
18.86
18.90
20.52
21.60
24.00
18.70
21.60

9
9
10
11
9
9
9
8
8
8
8

54
853
459
865
853
54
54
•48
48
44
48

12 60.0
36.0
37.0
38.0
...... 37.5
39.0
35.5
50.0

26.40
19.44
19.94
20.52
20.25
21.06
19.17
24.00

8
9
9
9
9
9
9
8

44
54
853
54
54
54
54
48

37.0
37.0
37.0
37.0
35.0
35.0
38.0
47.5
50.0
42.5
45.0

17.76
19.94
22.19
24.45
18.86
18.90
20.52
22.80
24.00
18.70
21.60

i|
i$
u
ll
u
u
1 ll
111
ll
H

li
u
l|
li
1*
u
u
2
2
2
2

60.0
30.0
37.0
38.0
37.5
39.0
35.5
50.0

26.40
19.44
19.94
20.52
20.25
21.06
19.17
24.00

w
it
ij
li
ji
i$
ij
«

2
li
u
11
li
u
li
2

8
9
9
9
9
9
9
8

44
54
853
54
54
54
54
48

55.0 24.20
41.0 22.14

a
1i

2
li

8
9

44
54

12 55.0 24.20
41.0 22.14

8
9

44
54

20.52
20.25
27.50
27.50

li
li
1*
U

U
U
2
72

9
9
8
•8

54
54
44
44

38.0 20.52
37.5 20.25
12 56.3 24.75
12 62.5 27.50

9
9
8
8

54
54
44
44

52.5 25.20
38.5 20.75
38.0 20.48
45.0 19.80

i£
if
li
li

2
U
li
22

8
9
9
8

48
853
853
44

25.20
20.75
20.48
20.40

8
9
9
8

48
853
853
48

50.0 24.00
40.0 21.60
40.0 19.20

l ii
if
ill

22
n
22

8
9
8

48
54
48

50.0 24.00
40.0 21.60
40.0 19.20

8
9
8

48
54
48

24.75
24.75
24.75
27.50
30.25
27.50
27.00

l li
1*
2

2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
44
44
44
48

24.75
24.75
24.75
27.50
30.25
27.50
27.00

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
44
44
44
48

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.:
Building work................... .
Railroad shops, road B ......
Railroad shops, roads C, E,
and F ............................. .
Railroad shops, road D ___
Dallas, Tex................................
Houston, Tex.......................... .
Little Rock, Ark.:
Building work................... .
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road B ......
Louisville, K y...........................
Memphis, Tenn.:
Building work................... .
Railroad shops.................. .
New Orleans, La..................... .

38.0
37.5
62.5
62.5

52.5
38.5
38.0
42.5

Western.
Denver, Colo.............................
Los Angeles, Cal........................
Portland, Oreg..........................
Salt Lake City, Utah................
San Francisco, Cal........... '....... .
Seattle, Wash.......................... .
Spokane, Wash........................ .

56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
68.8
62.5
56.3

if

i Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* W ork 53hours, paid for 53hours and 53 minutes.
i Work 59 hours, paid for 59 hours and 59 minutes.




12

2
*2
li

12
12
12
12
12
12

56.3
56.3
56.3
62.5
68.8
62.5
56.3

» Work 65 hours, paid for 66hours and 5 minutes.
• 44 hours per week, June 15 to Sept. 15.
7 And on Saturday afternoon.

93

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1 , 1915,

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
SLATE AND TILE ROOFERS.
May 1, 1915.

May 1,, 1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. P ot week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multipUed
byRate of wages—

North Atlantic.
Cts. Dolls.
Buffalo, N. Y ............................. 50.0 24.00
Bridgeport, Conn...................... 50.0 22.00
62.5 27.50
................ .
Newark, N. J
New York, N. Y ....................... 68.8 30.25
Philadelphia, P a.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56.3 24.75
Pittsburgh, Pa.......................... 160.0 26.40
O
Scranton, F a................ ............ «27.8 15. C

8 48
8 44
8 44
8 44
8 44
8 44
9 254

12
12
12
12
12

DoUs.
24.00
22.00
27.50
27.50
24.75
26.40
<)
>

8
8
8
8
8
8
<*)

2
62

8 4 48
8 44*

3 50.0 424.00
12 56.3 25.03

8
8

2
2
2
72
72
2
2

8 44
8 48
8 48
8 o 48
8 44
8 to 48
8 44

12 70.0
50.0
100.0
3 62.5
12 60.0
3 45.0
12 67.5

8
44
8
48
8
48
8 8 48
8
44
8 U48
8
44

li
li
2
2
1*
l£
1

2
2
2
2
2
2
1

1*
li

2
30.80
24.00
If
lj
48.00
*32.40
11
27.50 • 1*
1022.80 n il
1*
30.80

as.
50.0
50.0
62.5
62.5
56.3
60.0
<*)

48
44
44
44
44
44
<*)

South Atlantic.
Baltimore, M d........................... 50.0 <24.00
Washington, D. C..................... 56.3 25.03

* 48
44*

North Central.
Chicago, 111........ ....................
Cincinnati, Ohio.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Steeple work.......................
Cleveland, O hio.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ITftnfifta City, MO.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Milwaukee, W is........................
St. Louis, M o.................... .

70.0
50.0
100.0
67.5
62.5
47.5
70.0

30.80
24.00
48.00
830.00
26.40
1*21.60
29.70

South Central.
Dallas, Tex.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62.5

27.50 1 n
1

2

8

44

12 62.5 27.50

8

44

72

8

44

12 62.5 27.50

8

44

Western.
San Francisco,Cal.. . . . . . . . . . . . . 62.5

27.50

n

i Scale became 65 cents on June 1,1915.
* Scale became 37.5 cents and 48 hours on Aug. 1,1915.
* Not organized on May 1,1914.
<45 hours and $22.50 per week, June to August, Inclusive.
s For July 4, Labor Day, Christmas, and Sunday; for other holidays, time and a half.
« 44 hours and $29.70 per week, June to August, inclusive.
» Work on Labor Day prohibited,
s 44 hours and $27.50 per week, June to August, inclusive.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter, and on Saturday afternoon.
44 hours and $20.90 per week, June 15 to Sept. 15.
ii Until midnight; double time thereafter.
u 44 hours and $19.80 per week, June 15 to Sept. 15.




94

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T able

BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
STEAM FITTERS.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
wages—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
♦
by—
Rate of wages-

North Atlantic.

Cts.
156.3
47.8
56.3
31.3
62.5
54.5
68.8
356.3
762.5
343.8
*53.1
53.1
47.7

Dolls.
24.75
21.01
*27.00
15.00
27.50
23.99
30.25
24.75
27.50
19.25
23.38
1025.50
21.00

44.4
50.0
43.8
62.5
50.0
57.5

24.00
24.00
21.00
30.00
24.00
25.30

Cts. Dolls.
12 50.0 22.00
12 47.8 21.01
3 56.3 *27.00
31.3 15.00
12 62.5 27.50
12 50.0 22.00
12 68.8 30.25
12 50.0 22.00
12 62.5 27.50
12 43.8 19.25
12 50.0 22.00
3 46.9 22.50
12 47.7 21.00

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
3 48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
48
44

44.4
50.0
43.8
62.5
50.0
12 55.0

24.00
24.00
21.00
30.00
24.00
24.20

9
8
8
8
8
8

1153
48
48
48
48
44

Chicago, 111................
8
44
2
02
75.0 33.00
12 75.0 33.00
Cincinnati, Ohio........
8
2
44
62.5 27.50 is n
12 60.0 26.40
5
2
Cleveland, Ohio.........
8
44
12 62.5 27.50
t<62.5 27*50 1 1J
Detroit, Mich.............
2
1660.0 1728.80 1 H
8
8 1 48
7
3 56.3 27.00
Grand Rapids, Mich..
50.0 22.00 414 02
8
44
12 50.0 22.00
Indianapolis, Ind.......
2
62.5 27.50
2
8
44
12 62.5 27.50
Sprinkler fitters...
2
2
44
12 56.3 24.75
8
56.3 24.75
2
2
Kansas City, Mo........
75.0 33.00
8
44
12 68.8 30.25
2
Sprinkler fitters...
2
44
i»62.5 27.50
8
12 53.1 23.38
5
44
Milwaukee. W is........ .
2
8
12 56.3 24.75
56.3 24.75 1 14
Sprinkler fitters...
2
2
44
62.5 27.50
8
12 56.3 24.75
i Scale became 62.5 cents on Sept. 1.1915.
* Until 8 p. m.; double time thereafter.
* 44 hours and $24.75 per week, June to August, inclusive.
<Until midnight; double time thereafter.
s Scale became 62.5 cents on June 30,1915.
« Work on Labor Day prohibited.
7 Scale became 68.8 cents on Jan. 1,1916.
s Scale became 50 cents on Aug. 1,1915.
9 Scale became 56.3 cents on June 1, 1915.
1 44 hours and $23.38 per week, June to August, inclusive,
0
u Work 53 hours, paid for 54.
m For Labor Day, hourly rate multiplied by 4.
w Until midnight; double time thereafter, and after 5 p. m. on Saturday,
i* Scale became 68.8 cents on Nov. 1 ,191o.
is Until midnight; double time thereafter, and on Saturday afternoon,
io Scale became 62.5 cents on Aug. 1,1915.
1 44 hours and $26.40 per week, June to August, inclusive,
7
is For first three hours; double time thereafter.
1 Scale became 68.8 cents on Sept. 10,1915.
9

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

Boston, Mass........ .
Bridgeport, Conn...
Buffalo, N .Y .........
Manchester, N. H ..
Newark, N. J.........
New Haven, Conn.,
New York, N .Y ...
Philadelphia, P a ...
Pittsburgh, Pa___
Providence, R. I ...
Rochester, N. Y _
_
Scranton, Pa..........
Worcester, Mass...,

2
*U
4i f
1*
2
2
2
2
14
2
<14
2
2

2
2
2
14
2
2
2
o2
2
2
2
2
2

8
44
44
8
.8 0 48
48
8
44
8
44
8
44
8
44
8
44
8
8
44
8
44
8 io 48
8
44

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga..........
Baltimore, Md......
Charleston. S .C ...
Jacksonville, F la..
Richmond, Va......
Washington, D. C.

2
14
14 1*2
2
14
2
14
2
14
2
414

9 n 53
8
48
8
48
8
48
8
48
44
8

North Central.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

95

A UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
*—
TRADE, B Y GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY' 1, 1914—Continued.

T a b le

BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
STEAM FITTERS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,, 1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages-

Rate of
wages—

' Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
of
Sun­
mos.
days
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. hoUPer
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full
full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
day. time.
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byNorth Central—Concluded.

Cts.
62.5
68.3
62.5
50.0
75.0
62.5

Dolls.
27.50
30.03
27.50
22.00
33.00
30.00

2
2
2
2
32
2

8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
44
44
48

12
12
12
12
12

Cts.
62.5
68.3
62.5
50.0
75.0
62.5

Dolls.
27.50
30.03
27.50
22.00
33.00
30.00

8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
44
44
48

2
2
2
2
2
22
2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
444
44
44
48

12
12
12
6
12
12

75.0
75.0
75.0
62.5
50.0
62.5
56.3

33.00
33.00
33.00
<27.50
22.00
27.50
27.00

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44

444

2
2
2
2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
48
44
44
44
44
44

12* 62.5
56.3
12 75.0
12 75.0
12 75.0
12 75.0
12 62.5

27.50
27.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
27.50

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
48
44
44
44
44
44

12 28.1 12.38
12 33.1 14.58
(6)
(®)
12 37.5 16.50
12 28.1 12.38
12 37.5 16.50
12 28.1 12.38
3 25.0 812.00
12 30.7 13.50

8
8
(6)
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
44
44
44
8 43
44

92
8
48
28.1 13.50
li
2
8
44
i2 30.0 13.20
*1*
i Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter.
* Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* UntU midnight; double time thereafter.
* 48 hours and $30 per week, November to April, inclusive.
* UntU midnight; double time thereafter, and on Saturday afternoon.
6 Not organized on May 1,1914.
7 Scale became 37.5 cents on June 30,1915.
8 44 hours and $11 per week, June to August, inclusive.
* For Labor Day, hourly rate multiplied by 4.

8
8

48
44

Minneapolis, Minn..................
Omaha, Nebr..........................
Peoria, 111...............................
Sprinkler fitters...............
St. Louis, Mo..........................
St. Paul, Minn.......................

2
'H
il*
2
*1*

South Central.
75.0 33.00
Birmingham, Ala...................
75.0 33.00
Dallas, Tex.............................
Houston, Tex......................... , 75.0 33.00
62.5 <27.50
Little Rock, Ark....................
55.0 24.20
Louisville, Ky........................
62.5 27.50
Memphis, Tenn......................
56.3 27.00
New Orleans, La....................

1*
2
2
2
2
2

44
44
48

Western.
Denver, Colo...........................
Los Angeles, Cal.....................
Portland, Oreg.......................
Salt Lake City, Utah.............
San Francisco, Cal...................
Seattle, Wash..........................
Spokane, Wash........................

62.5
56.3
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.0
62.5

27.50
27.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
27.50

2
2
2
2
2
H

STEAM FITTERS’ HELPERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass........ .
Newark, N. J........ .
N3w Haven, Conn..
New York, N. Y ...
Philadelphia, P a ...
Pittsburgh, Pa.......
Providence, R. I . . .
Scranton, Pa..........
Worcester, Mass. . .

31.3
33.1
25.0
37.5
732.5
37.5
28.1
25.0
30.7

13.75
14.58
11.00
16.50
14.30
16.50
12.38
812.00
13.50

2
2
2
2
2
1*
2
2
2

2
2
2
2
22
2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
«48
44

South Atlantic.




28.1
30.0

13.50
13.20

96

BULLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
STEAM FITTERS’ HELPERS—Concluded.
May 1,1915*

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Per Satur­
Per week,
days. full week, day Per
hour. full
full
day. time. half­ hour.
time.
holi­
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byNorth Central.
Cts.
Chicago, HI............................... 40.0
Sprinkler fitters’ helpers... 40.0
Cincinnati, Ohio....................... 31.5
Cleveland, Ohio....................... *31.3
Detroit, Mich............................ 31.3
Kansas City, Mo...................... 37.5
Sprinkler fitters’ helpers.. . . 34.4
Milwaukee, W is......................... 28.1
Sprinkler fitters’ helpers.... 34.4
31.3
Minneapolis, Minn................
28.1
Omaha, Nebr........................
34.4
Peoria, 111..............................
St. Louis, Mo........................
37.5
St. Paul, Minn......................
35.0

Dolls.
17.60
17.60
13.86
13.75
515.00
16.50
15.13
12.38
15.13
13.75
12.38
15.13
16.50
16.80

12
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

12.10
13.75

2
12

44
44
44
44
5 48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
48

Hours of
labor—

Per Per Per
week, full week,
full day. full
time.
time.

Cts.
40.0
37.5
31.5
31.3
25.0
34.4
31.3
28.1
28.1
31.3
28.1
34.4
37.5
35.0

Dolls.
17.60
16.50
13.86
13.75
12.00
15.13
13.75
12.38
12.38
13.75
12.38
15.13
16.50
16.80

44
44
44
44
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
48

25.0
31.3

11.00
13.75

44
44

31.3
37.5
37.5

13.75
16.50
16.50

44
44
44

South Central.
Louisville, K y.......................
Memphis, Tenn....................

27.5
31.3

Western.
Denver, Colo.........................
Portland, Oreg.....................
San Francisco, Cal................

31.3 13.75
37.5 16.50
37.5 16.50
STONEMASONS.

North Atlantic.
n, Mass............................. 65.0 28.60
2
2
8
12 65.0 28.60
44
2
2
^ __eport, Conn....................... 60.0 26.40
8
44
12 60.0 26.40
Buffalo, N. Y ............................ 55.0 *26.40
2
8 «48
3 55.0 826.40
60.0 28.80
8
Fall River, Mass.................
48
60.0 28.80
15
if
2
2
12 65.0 28.60
Newark, N. J............................ 65.0 28.60
8
44
2
2
8
New Haven, Conn..................... 55.0 24.20
12 55.0 24.20
44
New York, N. Y .:
2
2
8
12 60.0 26.40
Manhattan and Bronx........ 60.0 26.40
44
Brooklyn, Q u e e n s , and
2
2
8
44
12 50.0 22.00
Richmond........................ 50.0 22.00
2
8
44
12 55.0 24.20
Philadelphia, Pa....................... 55.0 24.20
1£
8
44
12 55.0 24.20
Pittsburgh, Pa.......................... 62.5 27.50
if 92
8
12 65.0 28.60
44
Providence, R. I ....................... 65.0 28.60
if 92
12 45.0 19.80
8
44
Foundation work................ 45.0 19.80
if 92
i Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter, and after 5 p. m. on Saturday.
* Scale became 34.4 cents on Nov. 1,1915.
« Until midnight; double time thereafter, and on Saturday afternoon.
* 44 hours ana $13.75 per week, June to August, inclusive.
* For first 3 hours; double time thereafter.
» Until midnight; double time thereafter.
8 44 hours and $24.29 per week, June to August, inclusive.
9 And on Saturday afternoon.




8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
848
48
44
44

8

44

8
8
8
8
8

44
44
44
44
44

97

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T able

BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
STONEMASONS—Continued.
May 1, 1915.

May 1,1914.
Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Hours of
labor—

ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
Per time. holi­ Per Per Satur­
Per week,
days. full week, day Per
hour. full
full
day. time. half- hour.
time.
holi­
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by-

Per Per Per
week, full week,
full
full
time. day. time.

Rochester, N. Y ...............
Scranton, Pa....................
Laying dressed stone.
Worcester, Mass...............

Cts.
65.0
50.0
60.0
55.0

Dolls.
28.60
24.00
28.80
24.20

Dolls.
28.60
24.00
<*)
24.20

8
8
(*)
8

44
48
(*)
44

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Union A .........
Union B .........
Baltimore, M d ....
Jacksonville, F la ..
Washington, B .C .

45.0
45.0
62.5
62.5
66.7

12 45.0 22.50
1 45.0 23.85
12 56.3 •25.31
62.5 30.00
12 66.7 30.00

9
9
8
8
8

50
53
•45
48
745

North Central.
Chicago, 111.....................
Cincinnati, Ohio...............
Cleveland, Ohio...............
Concrete block work..
Betroit, Mich...................
Grand Rapids, Mich........
Indianapolis, Ind.............
Kansas City^Mo...............
Milwaukee, W is...............
Minneapolis, Minn...........
Omaha, Nebr...................
Peoria, 111.........................
St. Louis, Mo...................
St. Paul, Minn.................

75.0
60.0
70.0
60.0
65.0
65.0
70.0
62.5
67.5
55.0
70.0
75.0
70.0
65.0

33.00
27.00
•30.80
1026.40
H28.60
U28.60
30.80
27.50
29.70
26.40
30.80
30.80
30.80
31.20

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
45
*44
1044
1144
1144
44
44
44
48
44
44
44
48

Geographical division and city.

North Atlantic—Concluded.

Ui
li
li

2
*2
2
2

8
8
8
8

44
48
48
44

22.50
22.50
428.13
30.00
30.00

li
1
1
li
1

2
2
52
2
2

9
9
8
8
8

50
50
445
48
745

33.00
27.00
•30.80
1026.40
H28.60
H28.60
30.80
27.50
29.70
26.40
30.80
33.00
30.80
31.20

li
li
li
li
1
li
i li
li
2
1}
2
2
2
1}

82
2
2
2
2
2
2
1*2
1*2
2
2
2
12
4
2

8
44
8
45
8 9 44
8 1044
8 1144
8 1144
8
44
8
44
8
44
8
48
8
44
8
44
8
44
8
48

Cts.
12 65.0
50.0
(*)
12 55.0

12
12
4
4
6
6
12
12
12

75.0
60.0
70.0
60.0
65.0
65.0
70.0
62.5
67.5
55.0
*'i2 ‘ 70.0
12 70.0
12 70.0
65.0

South Central.
2
______ ._n, Ala.
70.0 30.80
8
44
12 70.0 30.80
8
44
li\
Balias, Tex...........
52
87.5 38.50
8
44
12 87.5 38.50
44
8
li[
Houston, T e x ....,
2
2
87.5 38.50
8
44
12 87.5 38.50
44
8
Sewer w ork ...
100.0 44.00
2
2
44
8
44
12 100.0 44.00
8
Little Rock, A rk ..
2
62.5 W
27.50
li F
8 1544
5 62.5 1527.50
8 1544
Louisville, K y___
2
60.0 26.40
44
12 60.0 26.40
8
44
8
li r
2
65.0 28.60
! Layingdressed stone.
li
44
8
44
12 60.0 26.40
8
Memphis, Tenn...
65.0 28.60
li
2
8
44
12 65.0 28.60
8
44
New Orleans, La..
62.5 27.50
2
8
44
12 62.5 27.50
8
44
li f
i Until 7 p. m.; double time thereafter.
* And after 5 p. m. on Saturday.
* No scale on May 1.1914.
444 hours and $27.50 per week, November to March, inclusive.
* And bn Saturday afternoon.
<44 hours and $24.75 per week, November to March, inclusive.
1 44} hours per week, November to March, inclusive.
* Work on Labor Bay prohibited.
* 48 hours and $33.60 per week, September to April, inclusive.
1 48 hours and $28.80 week, September to April, inclusive.
0
h 48 hours and $31.20 per week, November to April, inclusive,
i* Work on July 4, Labor Bay, and Christmas prohibited,
u Work on Labor Bay and Saturday afternoon prohibited.
1 For Sunday, Washington's Birthday, and Memorial Bay; work on other holidays prohibited,
4
is 48 hours and $30 per week, October to April, inclusive.
30061°— B u ll. 194— 16-------7




98

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
STONEMASONS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,, 1914.
Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
days
Geographical division and city.
Over­
with
and
time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per
Per week,
full full half­ hour.
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byWestern.
Denver, Colo..............................
Portland, Oreg..........................
Salt Lake City, Utah................
Spokane, Wash..........................

Cts.
62.5
75.0
62.5
75.0

Dolls.
27.50
33.00
27.50
33.00

if
if
1*

11
if
‘ if
12

8
8
8
8

44
44
44
44

12
12
12
12

Cts.
62.5
75.0
62.5
75.0

Hours of
labor—

Per Per Per
week, full week,
full
full
time. day. time.

Dolls.
27.50
33.00
27.50
33.00

8
8
8
8

44
44
44
44

STRUCTURAL-IRON WORKERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass..........
Bridgeport, Conn...
Buffalo, N. Y .........
Newark, N. J.........
New Haven, Conn.
New York, N. Y ...
Philadelphia, P a ...
Pittsburgh, Pa.......
Providence, R. I . . .
Rochester, N. Y —
Scranton, Pa..........
Worcester, Mass_
_

62.5 27.50
62.5;i 27.50;
62.5 330.00.
>62.5 27.50i1
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
60.0 26.40 ;
62.5 27.50i
62.5 27.50!!
62.5 27.501
56.3 27.00;
62.5 27.50

2
Z
1| 22
if
2
2
2
1
1 22
1
^ 12
2
1
12
1
1
2
2
1
2
1
^r
2
2

8 44
8 44
8 848
8 44
8 44
8 44
8 44
8 44
8 44
8 44
8 48
8 44

12
12
4
12
12
12
12
12
12
12

62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
62.5 330.00
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
60.0 26.40
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
56.3 27.00
12 62.5 27.50

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
3 43
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
48
44

8
8
8
8

12
12
12
12

8
8
8
8

44
44
44
44

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga..........
Baltimore, Md___
Richmond, Va___
Washington, D. C.

62.5
56.3
62.5
62.5

27.50
24.75
27.50
27.50

22
12
12
12

62.5
56.3
56.3
62.5

27.50
24.75
24.75
27.50

68.0 *29.92 •11 12
Chicago, III................
8 544
8 6.8.0
Cincinnati, Ohio.......
62.5 27.81
12
8 44*
12 62.5
70.0 830.80 i f
Cleveland, Ohio........
2
6 70.0
8 844
65.0 31.20 2
2
8 ®48
4 65.0
Detroit, Mich........... .
65.0 28.60 2
2
8 44
Grand Rapids, Mich.
12 65.0
70.0 30.80|! i§ 22
12 68.0
Indianapolis, Ind......
8 44
Kansas City,M o.......
68.8 30.25! i f 12
8 44
12 65.0
62.5 1127. 50; « l f
2
6 62.5
Milwaukee. W is........
8 1144
i
62.5,12 27.50 ! 1*
2
8 1244
4 62.5
Minneapolis, Minn...
62.5!“ 27.501> i f
2
6 60.0
Omaha, Nebr............
U44
8J
i And on Saturday afternoon.
* And on Saturday afternoon. Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* 44 hours and $27.50 per weak, June to September, inclusive.
* Scale became 68.8 cents on July 1,1915.
* 48 hours and $32.64 per week, December to March, inclusive.
* Until 7 p. m .; double time thereafter.
7 Work on Labor Day prohibited.
« 48 hours and $33.60 per week, October to April, inclusive.
9 Scale became 44 hours on July 1,1915.
1 44 hours and $28.60 per week, June to September, inclusive.
0
1 48-hours and $30 per week, November to April, inclusive.
1
1 48 hours and $30 per week, September to April, inclusive.
3

629.92
27.81
830.80
io.31.20
28.60
29.92
28.60
1127.50
1 27.50
2
28.80

if
ii

44
44
44
44

North Central.




8 544
44*
8
8 844
0
8 1 48
8
44
44
8
44
8
1
8 1 44
2
8 1 44
8
48

99

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T a b le

BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
STRUCTURAL-IRON WORKERS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Bate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ and
with
Per Per Per
Per time. holi­ Per Per Satur­
Per week,
days. full week, day Per week, full week,
hour. full
full half­ hour. full day. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
North Central—Concluded.
Peoria. Ill...............................
St. Louis, Mo.........................
St. Paul, Minn.......................

Cts. Dolls.
62.5 27.50
65.0 2a 60
62.5 330.00

Cts.
62.5
65.0
62.5

Dolls.
27.50
2a 60
330.00

44
44
«48

62.5
62.5
62.5
56.3

44
44
348

27.50
27.50
27.50
24.75

44
44
44
44

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala...................
Dallas, Tex.............................
Houston, Tex.........................
Reinforced concrete work.
Pile drivers......................
Louisville, K y........................
Memphis, Tenn......................
New Orleans, La....................
Pile drivers......................

62.5
67.5
62.5
56.3
40.0
50.0
65.0
62.5
40.0

27.50
29.70
27.50
24.75
21.60
22.00
28.60
27.50
21.60

2
<2
2
2
2
*2
2
«2
2

56.3
50.0
62.5
50.0
62.5
75.0
44.4
62.5
62.5
56.5
50.0
62.5

24.75
24.00
27.50
22.00
27.50
33.00
24.00
30.00
27.50
24.86
24.00
27.50

«2
2
62
62
2
2
82

Al)

22%
62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
40.0 21.60

(5)

(5 44
>
44
44
54

Western.
Denver, Colo..........................
Los Angeles, Cal.....................
Portland, Oreg.......................
Pile drivers......................
Salt Lake City, Utah.............
San Francisco. Cal.................
Housesmims....................
Pile drivers......................
Seattle. Wash.........................
Reinforced ironwork........
Pile drivers......................
Spokane, Wash......................

24.75
24.00
27.50
27.50
27.50
33.00
24.00
30.00
27.50
24.75
(1 )
C
27.50

8
8
8
8
8
8
9
8
8
8
(10)
8

44
2
12 62.5 27.50
2
8
Boston, Mass..........
62.5 27.50
44
12 62.5 27.50
Bridgeport, Conn...
62.5 27.50
H2
8
4 62.5 1230.00
Buffalo, N. Y .........
2
8 i* 48
62.5 “ 30.00
4
2
2
8
44
12 62.5 27.50
1862.5 27.50
Newark, N. J.........
44
12 62.5 27.50
8
New Haven, Conn.
62.5 27.50
n H2
i Until 7 p. m.; double time thereafter, and on Saturday afternoon.
* Until 7 p. m .; double time thereafter.
8 44 hours and $27.50 per week, June to September, inclusive.
<For Labor Day, hourly rate multiplied by 3.
* Not organized on May 1,1914.
6 And on Saturday afternoon.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
8 Work on Labor Day prohibited.
9 Until 8 p. m.; double tim e thereafter.
Not reported.
u And on Saturday afternoon. Work on Labor Day prohibited,
i* 44 hours and $27.50 par week, June to September, inclusive,
is Scale became 68.8 cents on July 1,1915.

8
8
8
8
8

21
2
2
62

56.3
50.0
62.5
62.5
62.5
75.0
44.4
62.5
62.5
56.3
(10)
12 62.5

44
48
44
44
44
44
54
48
44
44
n u

STRUCTURAL-IRON WORKERS: Finishers.
North Atlantic.




44
44
1*48
44
44

100

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.—
UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T a ble

BUILDING TRADES-Continued.
STRUCTURAL-IRON WORKERS: Finishere-Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Bate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per
Per week.
full full half­ hour. full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

North Atlantic—Concluded.
New York, N. Y ....................
Philadelphia, Pa....................
Pittsburgh, Pa.......................
Providence, R. I .................... .
Rochester, N. Y ..................... .
Scranton, Pa.......................... .
Worcester, Mass.....................

Cts.
62.5
60.0
62.5
62.5
62.5
56.3
12 62.5

DoUs.
27.50
26.40
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.00
27.50

62.5
56.3
62.5
62.5

27.50
24.75
27.50
27.50

12
*2

67.5
56.3
70.0
65.0
65.0
70.0
68.8
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5
65.0
62.5

29.70
25.03
530.80
•31.20
28.60
30.80
30.25
727.50
®27.50
727.50
27.50
28.60
i«30.00

42
12
2
2
2
*2
12
2
12
2
2
2
2

44
44i
544
•48
44
44
44
744
944
744
44
44
i«48

44

2
12
2
2
2
2

Dolls.
27.50
26.40
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.00
27.50

62.5
56.3
56.3
62.5

Cts.
62.5
60.0
62.5
62.5
62.5
56.3
62.5

27.50
24.75
24.75
27.50

67.5
56.3
70.0
65.0
65.0
62.5
62.5
60.0
62.5
65.0
62.5

29.70
25.03
530.80
•31.20
28.60
29.92
28.60
727.50
•27.50
28.80
27.50
28.60
1030.00

12 62.5

27.50

12 56.3
50.0
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5

24.75
24.00
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.............................
Baltimore, Md.......................
Richmond, Va.......................
Washington, D. C..................

12
2

North Central.
Chicago, HI.............................
Cincinnati, Ohio.....................
Cleveland, Ohio.......................
Detroit, Mich.........................
Grand Rapids, Mich.............. .
Indianapolis, Ind................... .
Kansas City, Mo.................... .
Milwaukee, W is..................... .
Minneapolis, Minn................. .
Omaha, Nebr......................... .
Peoria, 111............................... .
St. Louis, Mo.........................
St. Paul/Minn.......................
South Central.
New Orleans, La....................

62.5 27.50

li

12

24.75
24.00
27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50

i
n lil

12
2
12
2
<2
2

Western.
Denver, Colo..........................
Los Angeles, Cal.....................
Portland, Oreg.......................
Salt Lake City, Utah.............
San Francisco, Cal..................
Seattle, Wash........................ .

56.3
50.0
62.5
62.5
62.5
62.5

if
li
2
* li

i And on Saturday afternoon.
s And on Saturday afternoon. Work on Labor Day prohibited,
s Until 7 p. m .; double time thereafter, and on Saturday afternoon.
4 Work on Labor Day prohibited.
» 48 hours and $33.60 per week, October to March, inclusive.
•44 hours and $28.60 per week, June to September, inclusive.
7 48 hours and $30 per week, November to April, inclusive.
• Until 7 p. m.; double time thereafter.
•48 hours and $30 per week, September to April, inclusive.
io 44 hours and $27.50 per week, Tune to September, inclusive.
H KIa fima tViaraaf+Air
ah




101

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1 , 1915.

T a b l e A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
STRUCTURAL-IRON WORKERS: Finishers* helpers.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hoursof
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
wages—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week. day Per week, Per week.
Per week.
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
time. day. time.
time.
time. holi­
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass................
Bridgeport, Conn..........
Newark, N. J................
New Haven, Conn........
New York, N .Y ...........
Philadelphia, Pa...........
Pittsburgh, Pa..............
Providence. R . I ...........
Rochester, N. Y ............
Worcester, Mass............

Cts.
45.0
40.0
*43.8
40.0
43.8
45.0
45.0
48.0
34.4
45.0

Dolls.
19.80
17.60
19.25
17.60
19.25
19.80
19.80
21.12
15.13
19.80

2
12
2
12
2
2
*2
2

Cts.
45.0
40.0
43.8
40.0
43.8
45.0
45.0
48.0
34.4
45.0

DoUs.
19.80
17.60
19.25
17.60
19.25
19.80
19.80
21.12
15.13
19.80

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

31.3
35.0
31.3

13.75
15.40
13.75

12
<2
$2

31.3
35.0
31.3

13.75
15.40
13.75

44
44
44

35.0 15.58
40.0 <17.60
40.0 519.20
40.0 17.60

*2
2

35.0 15.58
40.0 <17.60
40.0 519.20
40.0 17.60

44§
<44
•48
44

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, G a .,...............
Baltimore, Md..............
Richmond, Va..............
North Central.
Cincinnati, Ohio...........
Cleveland, Ohio............
Detroit, Mich................
Grand Rapids, M ich....

44}
444
*48
44

South Central.
Memphis, Tenn............

35.0

15.40

44

12 35,0

44

15.40

TILE LAYERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass........
Bridgeport, Conn..
Buffalo, N .Y .......
Newark, N. J...... .
New York, N. Y ..
Philadelphia, P a..
Pittsburgh, Pa_
_
Providence. R . I . .
Rochester, N. Y ...
Scranton, Pa....... .




12 68.8 30.25
2
2
44
8
68.8 30.25
2
12 62.5 27.50
44
2
8
68.8 30.25
2
8 •48
3 56.3 •27.00
57.5 •27.60 * 1}
12 62.5 27.50
2
44
2
62.5 27.50
8
12 68.8 30.25
2
44
2
8
68.8 30.25
2
12 62.5 27.50
li t
44
8
62.5 27.50
1f
•2
44
4 62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
8
12 62.5 27.50
2
44
1J
62.5 27.50
8
12 55.0 24.20
2
44
57.5 25.30 »ll l
8
1]E
2
48 ........ 50.0 24.00
8
50.0 24.00
i And on Saturday afternoon. Work on Labor D.ay prohibited.
* Scale became 50 cents on July 1,1915.
<And on Saturday afternoon.
448 hours and $19.20 per week, October to April, inclusive.
•44 hours and $17.60 per week, June to September, inclusive.
« 44 hours and $25.30 per week, June to August, inclusive.
7 Until midnight; double time thereafter.
8 44 hours and $24.75 per week, June to August, inclusive.
» Work on Labor Day prohibited.

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

44
44
848
44
44
44
48
44
44
48

102

BULLETIN OF THE BUEEAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
TILE LAYERS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
Num­
labor—
ber
of
mos.
Sun­
with
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
Satur­
and
day
Per time. holi­ Per Per half­
Per Per
Per week,
days. full week, holi­ Per week, full
full
full
hour. full
day. time. days. hour. time. day.
time.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

South Atlantic.
Baltimore, Md..............
Washington, D. C.........

Cts. Polls.
50.0 24.00
56.3 27.00

Cts. Dolls.
50.0 24.00
56.3 27.00

North Central.
Chicago, HI....................
Cincinnati, Ohio...........
Cleveland, Ohio............
Detroit, Mich................
Indianapolis, Ind..........
Kansas City,M o...........
Milwaukee, W is............
Minneapolis, Minn........
Omaha, Nebr................
St. Louis, Mo................
St. Paul, Minn..............

75.0
68.8
159.4
60.0
62.5
75.0
»62.5
62.5
68.8
6.8.8
62.5

33.00
30.25
28.50
28.80
27.50
33.00
27.50
27.50
30.25
30.25
27.50

2*
I
li
<li
«1<
li
li
l
li
li

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
•2
2

44
44
48
*48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

to.
33.00
62.
27.50
59.
28.50
50. 324.00
62.
27.50
75.
33.00
62.
27.50
62.
27.50
30.25
68.
68.8 30.25
62.5 27.50

South Central.
Dallas, Tex...................
Houston, Tex...............
Memphis, Tenn............

770.0 33.60
770.0 33.60
62.5 30.00

82
2
2

70.0
70.0 33.60
62.5 30.00

Western.
Denver, Colo.................
Los Angeles, Cal...........
Portland, Oreg.............
San Francisco, Cal........
Seattle, Wash...............

62.5
62.5
68.8
75.0
68. S

27.50
30.00
33.00
33.00
33.00

62.5 27.50
62.5 30.00
68.8 33.00
75.0 33.00
68.8 33.00

TILE LAYERS* HELPERS.
North Atlantic.
2
2
41.3 18.15
44
12 37.5 16.50
Bridgeport, Conn.............
8
2
Buffalo, N. Y ...................
30.0 *14.40
>10.50
8 •48
3 21.9 w
2
2
Newark, N. J...................
44
12 37.5 16.50
37.5 16.50
8
New York, N. Y ..............
2
2
44
37.5 16.50
8
12 36.3 16.50
44
37.5 16.50
2
12 37.5 16.50
Philadelphia, Pa..............
8
If
82
35.0 15.40
Pittsburgh, Pa.................
l|
8
44
4 32.5 15.60
44
12 31.3 13.75
Providence. R. I ....................... 34.4 15.13
2
8
l\
44
Rochester, N. Y ...............
30.0 13.20
12 25.0 11.00
2
8
1 Scale became 65 cents on Aug. 1,1915.
2 44 hours and $26.40 per week, June to August, inclusive.
8 44 hours and $22 per week, June to August, inclusive.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
8 Scale became 65 cents on Oct. 1,1915.
6 And on Saturday afternoon. Work on Labor Day prohibited.
7 Scale became 75 cents on June 1,1915.
8 Work on Labor Day prohibited.
9 44 hours and $13.20 per week, June to August, inclusive.
1 44 hours and $9.63 per week, June to August, inclusive.
0




8
8
8
81
8
8
8
8

44
W48
44
45
44*
48
44

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

103

T a b l e A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Concluded.
TILE LAYERS* HELPERS—Concluded.
May 1 , 1915.

May 1,1914.

Sun­
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
and
time. holi­
Per
Per
days. Per week,
Per week,
full full
hour. full
day. time.
time.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
North Central.
Chicago, 111...................
Cincinnati, Ohio...........
Cleveland, Ohio............
Detroit, Mich................
Indianapolis, Ind..........
Kansas City, M o.. . . . . .
Milwaukee, W is............
Minneapolis, Minn........
Omaha, Nebr................
St. Louis, Mo................
St. Paul, Minn..............

Cts.
43.8
37.5
31.3
31.3
31.3
37.5
<34.4
34.4
37.5
37.5
34.4

Dolls.
19.25
16.50
15.00
*15.00
13.75
16.50
15.13
15.13
16.50
16.50
15.13

li
li
1
ll
*li
*li
1
1
1

1
<
If

Rate of

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages-

62
2
«2
62

44
44
48
148
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
of
mos.
with
Per
Per
day Per week, Per week,
half- hour. full full full
day. time.
holi­
time.
days.

Cts.
43.8
32.5
31.3
25.0
31.3
37.5
34.4
31.3
37.5
37.5
31.3

Dolls.
19.25
14.30
15.00
*12.00
13.75
16.50
15.13
13.75
16.50
16.50
13.75

44
44
48
* 48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

12 34.4
34.4
40.6
12 37:5

15.13
16.50
19.50
16.50

48
44

Western.
Denver, Colo.................
Los Angeles, Cal...........
Portland, Oreg.............
San Francisco, Cal........

34.4 15.13
34.4 16.50
40.6 19.50
37.5 16.50

44

CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS.
CHAUFFEURS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
62
12 35.2 19.00
9
Building material............... 35.2 19.00 (7)
9 *50
Electric car, department
2
31.5 17.00
9
store................................. 31.5 17.00
1
9 54
Hydrocarbon car, depart­
2
33.3 18.00
9
1
9 54
ment store........................ 33.3 18.00
2
6 29.6 16.00
9
Electric truck, coaldelivery. 29.6 16.00 (*)
9 10494
2
9
0
6 33.3 18.00
Gasoline truck, coal delivery 33.3 18.00 (“ )
9 1 494
Heavy auto trucks, baggage
2
30.0 18.00
10
10 60
transfer........................... . 30.0 18.00 (12)
Light auto trucks, baggage
10
2
26.7 16.00
10 60
transfer............................ 26.7 16.00 (12)
12 30.9 17.00 1*10
1
2 1*10 i*55
Lumber delivery................ 30.9 17.00
10
2
10 60
33.3 20.00
Piano and furniture delivery 33.3 20.00 (»)
144 hours and $13.75 per week, June to August, inclusive.
* 44 hours and $11 per week, June to August, inclusive.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
<Scale became 37.5 cents on Oct. 1,1915.
« And on Saturday afternoon.
e And on Saturday afternoon. Work on Labor Day prohibited.
? 25 cents per hour.
8 Work 50 nours, paid for 54.
* 30 cents per hour.
.
. . . . . .
10Work 49|hours, paid for 54, April to September, inclusive; 54 hours, October to March, inclusive.
u 34 cents per hour.
1 35 cents per hour.
8
I89 hours per day, 50 per week, September to April, inclusive.




850
54
54
1 494
0
1 494
0
60
60
1*55
60

104

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS-Oontinued.
CHAUFFEURS—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per
Per week,
full full hau- hour.
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
days.
Hourlyrate
multiplied
by-

Hours of
labor—

Per
Per
week, Per week,
full
full day. full
time.
time.

North Atlantic—Continued.
Boston, Mass.—Concluded.
Touring car, public service..
Sanitary work, city ...
Taxicab.....................
General......................
Helpers—
.........
Building
Heavy auto trucks, bag*
gage transfer..............
Light auto trucks, bag­
gage transfer..............
Buffalo, n Ty .:
Coal delivery.......................
Department store................
Helpers, coal delivery.........
Helpers, department store. .
Newark, N .J .:
Freight................................
3-ton trucks.........................
6-ton trucks.........................
6 or 7 ton trucks..................
Trucks over 7 tons...............
New York, N. Y .:
Union A ..............................
Union B ..............................
Union D ..............................
Auto truck. 2 tons or under.
3-ton electric truck..............
3-ton gasoline truck...........
6-ton electric truck..............
5-ton gasoline truck.............
6 to 7 ton trucks, excavating
7 to 10 ton trucks, excavat­
ing....................................
Coal and asphalt.................
Electric van, furniture and

Cts.
27.2
43.8
23.8
25.8

Dolls.
20.00
21.00
17.50
17.00

(V
1
n
(*>

1
1
1
2

Cts. Dolls.
27.2 20.00
43.8 21.00
23.8 17.50
25.8 17.00

10i *73i
8
48
10i 2 73*
11
66

10i
8
10i
ir

*73|
48
*73|
66

25.9

14.00

(4
>

52

9

•50

12 25.9

14.00

9

•50

21.7

13.00

<<)

2

10

60

21.7

13.00

10

60

18.3

11.00

c4
)

2

10

60

18.3

11.00

10

60

H
li

2
2
2
2

10i
10
io i
10

63
60
63
60

27.0
30.0
22.2
22.5

17.00
18.00
14.00
13.50

io i
10
10*
10

63
60
63
60

27.0 17.00
30.0 18.00
22.2 14.00
22.5 13.50

*i

33.3
30.0
33.3
36.7
41.7

20.00
18.00
20.00
22.00
25.00

1
l
l

2
H
If
H
l{

10
10
10
10
10

60
60
60
60
60

33.3
16.7
33.3
36.7
41.7

20.00
10.00
20.00
22.00
25.00

10
10
10
10
10

60
60
60
60
60

29.2
35.0
25.0
24.2
28.3
31.7
33.3
35.0
33.3

21.00
21.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00

cj
1
(i)
(»)
(9)
(9)
(9)
1*

1*
2
1
1
2
2
2
2
1*

12
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
11

72
60
60
»66
60
60
60
60
66

29.2
35.0
25.0
24.2
28.3
31.7
33.3
35.0
33.0

21.00
21.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00

12
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
11

72
60
60
866
60
60
60
60
66

37.9 25.00
1*
36.7 22.00 101

1*
2

11
66
10 u 60

37.9 25.00
3 36.7 22.00

11
10

66
1160

1
30.0 18.00
10
60
30.0 18.00
li
Gasoline truck, furniture
and storage....................... 33.3 20.00
1
10
60
36.7 22.00
li
Piano.................................. 33.3 20.00
2
10
60
33.3 20.00
Shipping truck and van___ 26.7 16.00 8
2
10
60
26.7 16.00
Taxicab............................... 25.0 17.50
1
1
10
70
26.0 17.50
Touring car......................... 30.0 21.00
1
1
10
70
30.0 21.00
i 30 cents per hour.
* Allowed 1 day off each month with pay.
3 35 cents per hour.
* 25 cents per hour.
* And on Saturday afternoon.
6 Work 50 hours, paid for 54.
* 50 cents per hour.
8 Allowed every other Sunday and holiday off, with pay.
* 30 cents per hour until 9 p. m.; 45 cents per hour thereafter.
Until 7.30 p. m .; double time thereafter.
1155 hours per week, June to August, inclusive,
is 45 cents per hour.

10

60

10
10
10
10
10

60
60
60
70
70




.......

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 1, 1915.

105

T a b l e A .— UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS—Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.

Bate of

Hours of
labor—

Bate of wages—

SunGeographical division and city.
Over­ days
and
time. holi­
Per
Per
days. Per week,
Per week,
full full
hour. full
day. time.
time.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by-

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
of
mos.
with
Per
Per
day Per week, Per week,
half­ hour. full full foil
holi­
time.
time.
days.

North Atlantic—Concluded.
New York, N. Y .—Concluded.
Helpers—
Autotruck.................. .
Coal and asphalt...........
Furniture and storage..
Auto truck, 2 tons or
under.........................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Auto trucks........................
3-ton trucks, coal................
4-ton trucks, coal................
Taxicab..............................
Providence, B . I.:
Coal, department store and
furniture.......... . .............
Helpers, department store
and furniture...................
Rochester, N. Y ........................
Scranton, Pa.:
Large truck.........................
Small truck.........................

Cts. DoUs.
26.7 16.00
25.0 15.00
25.0 15.00
15.2

Cts. JDoUs.
26.7 ^16.00
25.0 15.00
25.0 15.00

10
10
10

60
860
60

15.2

10.00

10

®66

60
84

28.6
23.3
25.0
(8)

16.00
14.00
15.00
(8)

10
10
10
(8
)

56
60
60
<)
8

60

30.0

18.00

10

60

20.0 12.00

60
*60

10.00

28.6
23.3
25.0
18.8
30.0

56

16.00

18.00

14.00
15.00
15.75

20.0
27.3

12.00

36.4

18.00
14.00

10

66

18.00
102
102

66

27.3

18.00

30.0
23.3

18.00
14.00

10
10

60
60

21.00

10
11
11
10
10

60
H77
66
60
60
60
60

North Central.
60
1
10
35.0
Chicago, HI................................ 35.0 21.00
1
11 U77
Autotruck.......................... 27.3 21.00
27.3
66
11
30.3
Baggage and parcel............. 31.8 21.00
10
60
33.3
Bakery............................... 33.3 20.00 «v
10
60
33.3
Bone and tallow.................. 33.3 20.00
1<U 10
60
35.0
Coal..................................... 35.0 21.00
10
60
37.5
Department store................ 37.5 22.50 Si l«l|
Light deUvery car, depart­
10
30.0
ment store....................... 30.0 18.00 (15)
li
Department store and fur­
60
1 MU 10
35.0
niture............................... 35.0 21.00
10i 63
33.3
1
Furniture............................ 33.3 21.00
10
60
80.0
Grocery and market........... 30.0 18.00 (K) “ 1
9
54
29.6
16.00
Laundry............................ . 29.6 W
(» )
i 35 cents per hour.
* Until 7.30 p. m.; double time thereafter,
s 55 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
<20 cents per hour.
« Allowed every other Sunday and holiday off, with pay.
« 25 cents per hour.
» 25 cents per hour until 9 p. m .; time and a half thereafter.
8 Worked on commission on May 1,1914.
» Until midnight; double time thereafter.
1 70 cents per hour on Labor Day.
0
1 Allowed 1 day off every 2 weeks, with pay.
1
i* $3 per day.
is 55 cents per hour,
u Work on Labor Day prohibited,
u 50 cents per hour.
i« For Sunday; do not work on holidays,
w And 10 per cent commission on collections, over $95 per week,
is Work prohibited.




<1

21.00
20.00
20.00

20.00

21.00

22.50

10

10

18.00

10

60

21.00

10
10i

60
63
64
50

21.00
18.00
W16.00

10

9

106

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS—Continued.
May 1,,1914.

May 1,1915.
Bate of wages—

Geographical division and city.

111

Sun­
Over­ days
and
time. holi­
Per
days.
Per week,
hour. full
time.
Hourly rate
multiplied.
by-

Hours of
labor—

Bate of
Hours of
labor—
wages—
Num­
ber
of
mos.
with
Per Satur­
Per
Per
week, day Per week, Per week,
full
full half- hour. full day. fuU
time. holi­
time.
time.
days.

North Central—Continued.
Chicago, 111.—Continued.
Cts.
Cts. Dolls.
Laundry and towels........
2
9
54
33.3 18.00
33.3
li
Livery..............................
12
20.2 17.00 W
20.2
1
2 84
Livery and public carriages. 28. e 20.00 <l)
1
10
28.6
*70
Milk, daywork.................... 42.6 23.00
1
8
54
42.6
Milk, nightwork................. 44.4 24.00
1
8
54
44.4
if
277
Motor carriages................... 18.2 14.00 C
11
1
16.7
8)
Piano................................... 39.7 25.00 v )
» 1§ 10*
63
39.7
Piano.................................. 39.7 25.00 w
10*
«2
63
39.7
Hoofing material................. 31.8 21.00 C)
2
11
66
31.8
1
Wreck or line, street rail­
ways................................ 31.5 20.77
11
66
31.5
IJ
n
Commission auto truck,
brick................................ 40.0 24.00
10
60
40.0
li
Truck, 4 tons or less, brick.. 33.0 19.80 o f
60 . . . . . . 32.0
®i| 10
Truck, over 4 tons, brick— 38.5 23.10 W
10
60
37.5
5 if
Truck, 3 tons or over, com­
mission house.................. 32.6 21.50 0 )
11
66
32.6
n
Truck, 4 tons or less, build­
ing material..................... 32.5 19.50
10
60
32.5
H *u
Truck. 4 tons or over, brick,
sandL, and terra cotta....... 37.5 22.50
10
60
37.5
11 6 H
Truck, l i to 2i tons, lumber,
box, and shavings............ 27.3 18.00
11
66
(«)
a
09
Truck, 2i to 4 tons, lumber,
box, and shavings............ 28.8 19.00 («)
11
66
n
09
Truck, over 4 tons, lumber,
box, and shavings............ 30.3 20.00 (*)
66
11
n
<>
•
Truck, 2 tons, machinery
moving............................. 29.5 19.50 0 )
11
66
29.5
ii
Truck, 3 tons, machinery
moving............................. 31.8 21.00 0 )
11
66
31.8
n
Truck, less than 2 tons,
packinghouse.,............... 23.5 14.81 0 °)
63
23.5
11*
Truck, 2tons, packing house 26.5 16.70 (1 ) m
63
26.5
0
n*
Truck, 3 or 4 tons, packing
0
house................................ 31.5 19.85 (1 ) (u)
63
31.5
ii*
Truck, 4 tons or less, stone,
lime, and cement............. 28.8 19.00
n
66
27.3
n
u
Truck, over 4 tons, stone,
lime, and cement............. 33.3 22.00
66
n
31.8
i*
Delivery car, less than 1 ton. 27.3 18.00 0 )
66
ii
27.3
ii
1 60 cents r hour. *
* Allow* ' lay off every 2 weeks, with pay
* 25 cents per hour.
* 45 cents per hour.
* Work on Labor Bay prohibited.
6 For holidays; for Sunday, 50 cents per hour.
* 35 cents for first hour; 40 cents per hour thereafter.
8 40 cents per hour.
* No scale in 1914.
1 27$ cents per hour.
0
1 For Sunday, 40 cents per hour; work on holidays prohibited.
1




DolU.
18.00
17.00
20.00
23.00
24.00
12.83
25.00
25.00
21.00

9
12
10
8
8
11
io§
10§
li

54
*84
*70
54
54
277
63
63
66

20.77

n

66

24.00
19.20
22.50

10
10
10

60
60
60

21.50

11

66

19.50

10

60

22.50

10

60

09

<*)

(*)

(•)

09

09
09

09

09

19.50

n

66

21.00

ll

66

14.81
16.70

ii*
ii*

63
63

19.85

ll*

63

18.00

ll

66

21.00
18.00

n
ii

66
66

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 1,1915.

107

A.—
UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915',
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T a b ie

CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. tin&e. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Rate of wages—

North Central—Continued.
Cts.
28.3
30.0
31.7
35.0
38.3
30.0
32.5
35.0
38.3
41.7
30.5

Dolls,
17.00
18.00
19.00
21.00
23.00
18.00
19.50
21.00
23.00
25.00
20.10

2 1}
* 1}
U}
2 if
21}
21}
21}
21}
21}
21}
1}

10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
11

60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
66

Cts.
28.3
30.0
31.7
35.0
38.3
30.0
32.5
35.0
38.3
41.7
30.3

DoUs.
17.00
18.00
19.00

20.00

10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
11

23.3
30.0
30.8

14.00
18.00
18.50

(5)
2 1}
7i f

10
10
10

60
60
60

23.3
30.0
30.8

14.00
18.00
18.50

10
10
10

25.0

15.00

fH

10

60

25.0

15.00

10

19.7 13.00
11
66
<9
)
1}
Packing house.
24.5 15.44
24.5
63
(U)
11*
36.5 23.00
2 1}
lO f
63
36.5
Piano.
182
10}
36.5 23.00
Piano.____ _____
63
36.5
Truck, over 4 tons, brick 34.3 20.58
10
60
33.3
*1}
Truck, 3 tons or over,
commission house— 24.2 16.00
24.2
11
66
1}
Cincinnati, Ohio:
1-ton truck, bakery and pie. 25.8 15.50
10
60
(«)
2-ton truck, bakery and pie. 27.5 16.50
60
(1 > 10
6
17 1
Ice delivery......................... 23.6 17.00
12
72
&
22
1-ton truck.......................... 26.7 16.00
10
60
26.7
22
10
60
2-ton truck.......................... 28.3 17.00
28.3
3-ton truck.......................... 30.0 18.00
22
10
60
30.0
4 or 5 ton truck.................... »*31.7 19.00
22
10
31.7
60
Helpers—
(M)
Bakeiy and p ie ............ 21.7 13.00
10
60
(*)
19 1
Ice delivery................... 18.1 13.00
12
72
17.7
22
lo r 2 ton truck............. 21.7 13.00
10
60
21.7
Truck, 3 tons or over... 25.0 15.00
22
10
60
25.0
134 cents per hour until 8 p .m .; time and a half thereafter.
* Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* 45 cents for first hour; time and a half thereafter.
* 40 cents per hour.
» $3 per day.
« 50 cents per hour.
7 For Sunday; do not work on holidays.
8 30 cents per hour.
» No scale in 1914.
m 27} cents per hour.
1 For Sunday, 40 cents per hour; work on holidays prohibited.
1
1 45 cents per nour.
2
i* For holidays; for Sunday, 50 cents per hour.
I* 35 cents for first hour; 40 cents per hour thereafter.
» 35 cents per hour,
i®Do not work on Sunday or holidays,
w For holidays; for Sunday, 35 cents per hour,
is Scale became 33.3 cents on June 1,1915.
i®For holidays; for Sunday, 30 cents per hour.

<)
’
15.44
23.00
23.00

a

Chicage, 111.—Concluded.
1-ton gasoline truck.............
2-ton gasoline truck.............
3-ton gasoline truck.............
4-ton gasoline tru ck ...........
5-ton gasoline truck.............
1 to 2 ton trucks..................
3-ton truck..........................
4-ton truck..........................
5-ton truck..........................
Truck, over 5 tons...............
General work......................
Helpers—
Bakery..........................
Coal..............................
Department store.........
Department store and
and furniture.............
Lumber, box, and shav-




21.00

23.00
18.00
19.50
21.00
23.00
25.00

60
60
60
60

66
60

(9
)
63
60

20.00

16.00

ft

16.
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00

10
10
10
10

ift .
13.00
15.00

(•)
12
10
10

(•>
72
60

108

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS*

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T a ble

CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS—Concluded.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915*
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
days
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time.
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
North Central—Concluded.
Cleveland, Ohio:
Autotruck.......................
Auto van..........................
Ice delivery......................
Taxicab...........................
Taxicab............................
Detroit, Mich..........................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
l£-ton truck......................
2-ton truck.......................
3-ton truck.......................
Taxicab...........................
Helpers, truck..................
St. Louis, Mo..........................
C oal.................................
Department store.............
Furniture.........................
PubUc service..................
Hydrocarbon truck..........
Truck, 2 tons or less........
Truck, 2 tons or over.......
Truck, over 2 tons............
Helpers, truck..................
Helpers, truck.................

Cts. Dolls.
32.5 19.50
33.3 20.00
30.3 20.00
22.7 17.50
35.0 26.95
30.0 18.00

Hi
li
(*)
(4
)
1
li

2
2
1
1
1
2

*00
60
66
77
77
60

Cts. Dolls.
26.4 19.00
31.7 19.00
30.3 20.00
(®)
(6
)
14
b)
30.0 18.00

12
10
10
(*)
bj
10

10
60
60
10
10
60
10
60
10
60
10i
63
11
66
10
60
10
60
12
84
10
60
11
•66
10
60
11 W66
10i
63
11 H66

25.0 15.00
27.5 16.50
30.0 18.00
25.0 15.00
25.0 15.00
31.0 19.50
28.8 19.00
25.0 15.00
30.8 18.50
20.8 17.50
23.3 14.00
24.2 16.00
26.7 16.00
27.3 18.00
25.4 16.00
22.7 15.00

10
10
10
10
10
10i
li
10
10
12
10
11
10
11
10i
11

60
60
60
60
60
63
66
60
60
84
60
66
60
66
63
66

84
10

84
70

10
10
10
11
11
10

*72
60
66
(*)
(6)
60

25.0
27.5
30.0
25.0
25.0
31.0
28.8
25.0
30.8
20.8
23.3
•24.2
26.7
1*27.3
25.4
U22.7

15.00
16.50
18.00
15.00
15.00
19.50
19.00
15.00
18.50
17.50
14.00
16.00
16.00
18.00
16.00
15.00

1
li
1
1
3
li !
li
1
(!)
(*)
(*)
b)
1
(7)
1;
li
li

2
2
2
2
2
«1J
li
li
li
1
li
li
1
3
1
3
•li
nf

14.3
17.1

12.00
12.00

O)
(12)

i
i

12
10

84
70

14.3
17.1

30.0

18.00

1

i

10

60

30.0

18.00

10

60

(» )
(1*
(U)

•u
i
•2

10
iii
10

60
69
60

40.0
30.4
35.0

24.00
21.00
21.00

10
iii
10

60
69
60

South Central.
Houston, Tex.........................
New Orleans, La....................

12.00
12.00

Western.
Portland, Oreg.......................
San Francisco, Cal.:
Unions A and D..............
Union B...........................
Union C...........................

40.0 24.00
30.4 21.00
35.0 21.00

i Until 8 p. m .; double time thereafter.
*Allowed 6 days off each year, with pay.
* 30 cents per hour.
<25 cents per hour.
ftNot organized on May 1,1914.
« Work on Labor Day prohibited.
7 Regular time and 25 cents for sunner after 6 p. m.
s 35 cents per hour for first five hours; 25 cents per hour thereafter.
* Scale became 25 cents and 03 hours on Aug. 1,1915.
Scale became 28 cents and 63 hours on Aug. 1,1915.
u Scale became 23.5 cents and 63 hours on Aug. 1,1915.
w 75 cents per hour.
I* 50 cents per hour.
n $1.50 per trip not exceeding 3 hours; for more than 3 hours, one day’s pay.




UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR, MAY 1,1015.

109

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS.
May 1,1915.

May 1,,1914.

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Par
Par Satur­
Per
days. Par week, day Per week, Par week,
Per week,
full fall half­ hour. fall
full fa ir
hour. fall
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourlyrate
multiplied
byHours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Drfywfi, ambulance, „ ........
Drivers^ ambulance............
Drivers, baggage transfer—
1 horse...........................
2 horses........................
Drivers, building material—

Cts. Dolls.
25.9 114.00
25.9 14.00

1

I

1
I

8
8

54
54

Cts. DoUs.
25.9 114.00
25.9 14.00

2

10
10

60
60

23.3
26.7

8
8

54
54

14.00
16.00

10
10

60
60

14.00
16.00

(*)
(*)
\/

2

25.9 14.00
29.6 16.00
31.5 17.00

(*)
(*)
(*)

*2
*2

<2

9
9
9

®50
#50
»50

12 25.9
12 29.6
12 31.5

14.00
16.00
17.00

9
9
9

•50
»50
*50

14.00
15.00
16.00

(«)
(«)
w

2
2
2

9
9
9

*491
7 494
7 49*

6 25.9
6 27.8
6 29.6

14.00
15.00
16.00

9
9
9

7 494
7494
7 49*

27.8 15.00
29.6 16.00
31.3 015.00

9
9
8

54
54
48

1010
1010
1010
1010

1 55
0
1 55
0
1 55
0
1 55
0

23.3
26.7

Drivers, coal delivery—
1 horse........................... 25.9
27.8
3 horses......................... 29.6
Drivers, department store
delivery—
1 horse.......................... 27.8
2 horses......................... 29.6
Drivers, laundry delivery.. 31.3
Drivers, lumber delivery—
25.5
29.1
30.9
32.7
Drivers, market and com­
mission house delivery—
1 horse....................— 23.7
27.1
28.8
30.5
Drivers—
Miiv delivery................ 27.1
Route foremen^ m ilk
d elivery................... 36.7
1-horse truck, milk de­
livery ......................... 21.4
|

1
I

15.00
16.00
•15.00

1
1
1

2
2
1

9
9
8

54
54
48

14.00
16.00
17.00
18.00

1
1
1
1

2
2
2
2

w 10
io 10
io 10
1010

1 55
0
1 55
0
1 55
0
1 55
0

12
12
12
12

25.5
29.1
30.9
32.7

14.00
16.00
17.00
18.00

1159
U59
1159
U59

6
6
6
6

23.7
27.1
28.8
30.5

14.00
16.00
17.00
18.00

14.00
16.00
17.00
18.00

(*)
(*)
H

2
2
2
2

10*
104
10*
m

10|
104
104
10*

1159
U59
1159
H59

19.00

i

1

10 M70

27.1

19.00

10

1 70
4

22.00

i

1

10 1 60
4

36.7

22.00

10

1 60
4

15.00

i

1

10 1 70
4

21.4

15.00

10

1 70
4

i
1 10 1 70
livery........................ 24.3 17.00
4
24.a 17.00 10 1 70
4
Mail and relay routes,
newspaper delivery... 23.4 16.35 (M
23.4 16.35 10
70
70
1 10
)
Route, newspaper de­
1 10
livery......................... 28.3 19.81 m
70
70
28.3 19.81 10
Piano and furniture de­
60
livery ........................ 28.3 17.00 (*)
2 10
60
28.3 17.00 10
i And board and lodging valued at $7 per week.
* 25 cents per hour.
* 30 cents per hour.
4And on Saturday afternoon.
* Work 50 hours,, paid for 54.
* 26 cents per hour.
» Work 49* hours, paid for 54, April to September, inclusive; 54 hours, October to March, inclusive.
828 cents per hour.
* And various commissions.
1 9 hours per day, 50 per week, September to April, inclusive.
0
1163 hours per week, November to April, inclusive,
u 35 cents per hour,
i* 40 cents per hour.
u Allowed I day off every 3 weeks, October to May, inclusive, and 2 weeks’ off each year, with pay.




110

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1, 1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per
Per week,
full full half­ hour.
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—

Hours of
labor—

Per Per Per
week, full week,
full
full
time. day. time.

North Atlantic— Continued.
Boston, Mass.—Concluded.
Drivers and packers, piano
and furniture.
Drivers, wharfmen..............
Drivers, general—
1 horse, light wagon—
1 horse..........................
2 horses.........................
3 horses.........................
4 horses.........................
5 horses..... ..................
6 horses........................

Cts. Dolls.
26.7 16.00
25.9 14.00
19.7 13.00
21.2 14.00
24.2 16.00
25.8 17.00
27.3 18.00
28.8 19.00
30.3 20.00
31.3 15.00

(i)
«

2
2

10 60
9 849*

(4
)

2
2
2

11
11
11
11
11
11
11
8

I 1!
/j\
( 5)
(5 )
(5 )

2
2
2
2

66
66
66
66
66
66
66
48

Cts. Dolls.
26.7 16.00
6 25.9 14.00

10
9

60
8494

19.7 13.00
21.2 14.00
24.2 16.00
25.8 17.00
27.3 18.00
28.8 19.00
30.3 20.00
31.3 15.00

11
11
11
11
11
11
11
8

66
66
66
66
66
66
66
48

1
1
Drivers’ helpers—
1 horse, baggage transfer 18.3
2
10 60
11.00 (<)
18.3 11.00
10
60
2 horses, baggage trans­
2
fer............................... 20.0 12.00 0 )
10 60
10
20.0 12.00
60
1 horse, departm ent
2
store delivery............. 18.5 10.00
9
1
9 54
18.5 10.00
54
2 horses, department
2
22.2 12.00
9
1
9 54
22.2 12.00
54
1
9 54
9
2
Furniture delivery....... 22.2 12.00
22.2 12.00
54
Piano and furniture de­
2
livery......................... 26.7 16.00
10 60
10
26.7 16.00
60
1
Milk delivery................ 20.0 14.00 <?
10 6 70
10 6 70
20.0 14.00
Sanitary work............... 31.3 15.00
1
1
8 48
8
31.3 15.00
48
2
24.2 16.00 0 )
11 66
24.2 16.00
11
66
Buffalo, N .Y .:
1
Drivers, cab........................ 18.2 14.00 (7
11 77
18.2 14.00
11
77
)
Drivers, department store—
2
25.0 15.00
10 60
1 horse............. .
25.0 15.00
10
14
60
if
2
2 h orses..... .................. 30.0 18.00
10 60
10
30.0 18.00
60
Drivers, ice—
2
10 60
1 horse.......................... 25.0 15.00
25.0 15.00
10
14
60
2
2 horses........................ 30.0 18.00
10 60
30.0 18.00
10
60
14
Drivers, market—
2
10 60
1 horse....... .................. 25.0 15.00
25.0 15.00
10
60
14
2
10 60
2 horses........................ 28.3 17.00
28.3 17.00
10
60
14
Teamsters, general—
11 66
2
1 horse.......................... 19.7 13.00
19.7 13.00
14
66
11
11 66
2
2 horses....................... 22.7 15.00
22.7 15.00
66
11
14
2
3 horses........................ 25.8 17.00
11 66
25.8 17.00
66
11
14
Drivers’ helpers, depart­
2
ment store........................ 22.5 13.50
10 60
14
10
22.5 13.50
60
2
Drivers’ helpers, ice............ 25.0 15.00
10 60
25.0 15.00
10
60
14
Team sters’ helpers and
loaders.............................. 21.2 14.00
2
11 66
21.2 14.00
66
11
14
* 30 cents per hour,
a26 cents per hour.
8Work 49| hours, paid for 64, April to September, inclusive: 64 hours, October to March, inclusive.
*25 cents per hour.
» 35 cents per hour.
8Allowed 1 day off every 3 weeks, October to May, inclusive, and 2 weeks’ off each year, with pay.
1 20 cents per hour.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

H i

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS-Continued.
TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Kate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
Per Per Per
days. Per
day Per
Per week,
full full half­ hour. week, full week,
hour. full
full day. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byBate of wages—

North Atlantic—Continued.
Newark, N. J.:
Drivers, trucks..
Drivers, general1 horse.........
2 horses........
Teamsters, general—
1-horse truck............
2-horse truck............
3-horse truck.................
Teamsters (between New­
ark and New York City)—
1-horse truck.................
2-horse truck.................
3-horse truck.................
Helpers..
friTArsUi
Drivers’ helpers.............
New York, N. Y .:
D riv e rs, b a k e ry —

1 horse, light wagon----1 horse, heavy w agon...
2 horses........................
Drivers, building material—
1 horse.........................
2 horses........................
3 horses........................
4 horses........................
Drivers, carriage or bus—
Drivers, coal and asphalt—
1 horse.........................
2 horses........................
3 horses........................
4 to 5 ton trucks..........
Drivers, coach...................
Drivers, commissionhouse—
1 horse, light wagon----1 horse,heavy wagon...
2 horses, light wagon—
2 horses, heavy wagon..
Drivers, excavating—
1 horse...........................

Cts. Dolls.
30.0 18.00

Cts. Dolls.
30.0 18.00
21.7
25.0
30.0

13.00
15.00
18.00

60

14.00
15 00
18.00

23.3
25.0
30.0

14.00
15.00
18.00

60

25.0
28.3
31.7
21.7
13.3

15 00
17 00
19.00
13.00

25.0
28.3
31.7
21.7
13.3

15.00
17.00
19.00
13.00

23.3
25.0
25.0

14.00
15.00
15.00

60

23.3
25.0
25.0

14.00
15.00
15.00

60
60

25.0 15.00
28.3 17.00
31.7 19.00
35.0 21.00
21.2 14.00

60
60
60
60
»66

25.0 15.00
28.3 17.00
31.7 19.00
35.0 21.00
21.2 14.00

60
60
60

14.00
16.00
18.00
17.00
15.00

760
760
84

23.3
26.7
30.0
28.3
17.9

14.00
16.00
18.00
17.00
15.00

760
i 60
7 60
7 60
84

20.8 15.00
22.2 16.00
25.0 18.00
26.4 19.00

72
72
72
72

20.8 15.00

72
72
72
72

21.7
25.0
30.0

13 00
15.00
18.00

23.3
25.0
30.0

23.3
26.7
30.0
28.3
17.9

60

8.00

22.2
25.0
26.4

16.00
18.00
19.00

66
18.2 12.00
18.2 12.00
15.60
22.7 15.00
3 horses......................... 25.9 17.10
25.9 17.10
Drivers,furniture and flour—
1-horse truck................. 26.7 16.00
26.7 16.00
2-horse truck................. 30.0 18.00
30.0 18. 00
3-horse truck.................I 33.3 20.00
33.3 20.00
130 cents per hour.
* 30 cents per hour until 9 p. m.; 45 cents per hour thereafter.
•Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* 25 cents per hour.
* Allowed every other Sunday and holiday off, with pay.
« Until 7.30 p. m.; double time thereafter.
* 55 hours per week, June to August, inclusive.
* 35 cents per hour.




60
60

8.00

66
60

C
O

112

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
wages—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Par
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full
full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

North Atlantic—Continued.
New York, N. Y . —
Concluded.
Drivers, furniture and
storage—
2-horse express.............
2-horse va n ..................
Drivers, milk......................
Drivers, pianos...................
Drivers, sand—
2 horses.........................
3 horses........................
Drivers, union E—
l-horse truck................
1 horse, telephone or
subway.....................
1-horse express.............
2 horses, telephone....... .
2-horse freight truck . . .
2-horse wagon..............
Drivers, union F—
1-horse small delivery
2-horse small delivery
wagon........................
1-horse truck............... .
2-horse truck................
3-horse truck................
Drivers* helpers—
Building material.........
1-horse express.............
1-horse truck...............
2-horse truck...............
3-horse truck...............
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Drivers, coal—
1-ton wagon..................
lj-ton wagon................
2-ton wagon..................
3-ton wagon..................
4-ton wagon..................
5-ton wagon..................
Drivers, union A—
1 horse..........................
2 horses.........................
Drivers, union B—
1-horse wagon...............
Single wagon, working
double.......................
2-horse track.................




Cts. Dolls.
25.0 15.00
27.5 16.50
26.4 18.50
30.0 18.00

1
1
9)
W

25.0
27.3

16.50
18.00

19.7

13.00

<>
*

17.4 11.50
21.2 14.00
20.5 13.50
22.7 15.00
23.5 15.50

(*)
W
(5)

if

W

ll
1
2
ll
1
1
1
1
1
1

10
10
10
10

60
60
70
60

Cts. Dolls.
25.0 15.00
27.5 16.50
26.4 18.50
30.0 18.00

10
10
10
10

60
60
70
60

11
11

66
66

25.0 16.50
27.3 18.00

11
11

66
66

10

<66

19.7

13.00

10

466

10
10
10
10
10

4 66
4 66
<66
* 66
* 66

17.4
21.2
20.5
22.7
23.5

11.50
14.00
13.50
15.00
15.50

10
10
10
10
10

466
466
466
466
466

23.3

14.00

(«)

2

10

60

23.3

14.00

10

60

26.7
25.0
28.3
31.7

16.00
15.00
17.00
19.00

(6
)
V/
M
(6
)

2
2
2
2

10
10
10
10

60
60
60
60

26.7 16.00
25.0 15.00
28.3 17.00
31.7 19.00

10
10
10
10

60
60
60
60

28.3
12.1
21.7
25.0
28.3

17.00
8.00
13.00
15.00
17.00

(«)
M
ty

72
1
2
2
2

10
10
10
10
10

60
4 66
60
60
60

28.3
12.1
21.7
25.0
28.3

17.00
8.00
13.00
15.00
17.00

10
10
10
10
10

60
466
60
60
60

18.3 11.00
20.0 12.00
21.7 13.00
23.3 14.00
24.2 14.50
25.0 15.00

(9)

1
1
1
1
1

10
10
10
10
10
10

60
60
60
60
60
60

18.3 11.00
20.0 12.00
21.7 13.00
23.3 14.00
24.2 14.50
25.0 15.00

10
10
10
10
10
10

60
60
60
60
60
60

10
10

56
65

W
(9)
(9)
(9)

m
(v

21.4 12.00
28.6 16.00

w
<
*>

1
1

10
10

56
56

12 21.4
12 28.6

12.00
16.00

16.2

<*)

1

11

65

14.3

10.00

12

70

15.7 11.00
65
17.7 11.50 <*)
1
11
20.8 13.50 W
18.6 13.00
65
1
11
[me rate.
* 45 cents per hour.
8 25 cents per hour.
<Allowed every other Sunday and holiday off, with pay.
* 30 cents per hour.
* 30 cents per hour until 9 p. m.; 45 cents per hour thereafter.
» Work on Labor Day prohibited.
®15 cents per hour.
»25 cents per hour until 9 p. m.; time and a half thereafter.

12
12

70
70

10.50

,

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1 1915,

113

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS-Continued.
TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
wages—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half- hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byHours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

North Atlantic—Concluded.
Providence, R . I.:
Drivers, carriage.................
Drivers, coal—
1 horse..........................
2 horses.........................
3-horses.........................
Drivers, department store—
1 horse..........................
2 horses.........................
Drivers, furniture—
1 horse..........................
2 horses.........................
3 horses.........................
Teamsters, general..............
Rochester, N. Y .:
Drivers—
Ice................................
piano............................
1 horse..........................
2 horses.........................
Drivers* helpers—
I c e . . . . . . . ....................
Pianos..........................
Scranton, Pa.:
Drivers—
Baggage or bus.............
Bakery..........................
C oal.............................
Dump wagon................
1 horse..........................
2 horses.........................

Cts. Dolls.
13.00

1

1

20.0 12.00
21.7 13.00
23.3 14.00

l*
li
lj

23.3
25.0

14.00
15.00

23.3
25.0
26.7
20.0

14.00
15.00
16.00
12.00

14
if
1*
1*
1*
1

24.7 118.00
27.3 18.00
19.7 13.00
22.7 15.00

as. Dolls.

12

81

16.0

13.00

12

81

2
2
2

10
10
10

60
60
60

20.0
21.7
23.3

12.00
13.00
14.00

10
10
10

60
60
60

2
2

10
10

60
60

23.3
25.0

14.00
15.00

10
10

60
60

2
2
2
1

10
10
10
10

60
60
60
60

23.3
25.0
26.7
20.0

14.00
15.00
16.00
12.00

10
10
10
10

60
60
60
60

* il
«i|

*1 «12
2 11
2 11
2 11

«73
66
66
66

22.8 118.00 #13
27.3 18.00 11
19.7 13.00 11
22.7 15.00 11

*79
66
66
66

21.9 116.00
19.0 12.00

a

81 «12 <73
2 101 63

20.3 U6.00 6 13
19.0 12.00 10*

*79
63

23.3 14.00
25.0 15.00
23.3 14.00
23.3 14.00
24.2 12.00
30.3 15.00

l
l
l
l
l
l

14.00
15.00
14.00
14.00
12.00
15.00

60
»60
60
60
60
60

16.0

1%

1
2
102
102
102
102

10
10
10
10
9
9

60
960
60
60
49*
49*

23.3
25.0
23.3
23.3
1 20.0
1 25.0

10
10
10
10
10
10

South Atlantic.
Washington, D. C.:
Drivers—
B a k ery sa lesm en ,
26.7 U16.00 10
morning HI6.00
l
10
60
26.7 m en............ (!2)
B a k ery sa le sm e n ,
(12)
evening 1*15.00
.............. 29.4 men
29.4 1*15.00
l
51
8*
8§
Agents and extra sales­
(!2)
1
30.0 18.00 10
10
60
men .......................... 30.0 18.00
* $15 per week, November to April, inclusive.
* No pay for overtime.
* Fornolidays; for Sunday 50 cents per hour.
* 8 hours per day, 48 per week, November to April, inclusive.
* 9 hours per day, 54 per week, November to April, inclusive.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
»25 cents per hour.
8 For holidays; for Sunday, 40 cents per hour.
* Allowed 1 week off each year, with pay.
m 70 cents per hour on Labor Day.
u And 10 per cent commission on all sales over $160 per week.
» Work on Thanksgiving and Christmas prohibited; for other holidays and Sunday $3 per day and
per cent commission on all sales over $30.
» And 15 per cent commission on all sales over $100 per week.

30061°— Bull. 194—16------8



60
51
60

10

114

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A*— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half- hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byBate of wages-

Hours of
labor—

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Drivers—
Cts. DoUs.
Cts. DoUs.
Baggaw
25.8 17.00
25.0 16.50
B akery..,.____ ______ 23.3 14.00
23.3 14.00
60
Bakery (sales drivers).. 35.0 321.00
35.0 *21.00
60
Bone and tallow............ 41.7 22.50
41.7 22.50
54
54
2 horses, bone and tal­
low ............................ 28.3 17.00
28.3 17.00
Drivers, building material—
23.7 14.20
1 horse.......................... 25.3 15.20
2 horses......................... 28.3 17.00
26.7 16.00
31.7 19.00
3 horses......................... 33.3 20.00
1 horse, pressed brick... 28.5 17.10
27.5 16.50
60
2 horses, pressed brick.. 31.0 18.60
30.0 18.00
Brick from yard.......... 27.5 16.50
27.5 16.50
60
M5.0
Brick from cars............ 845.0
25.8 1
7*66*
66
7*66*
Drivers, bus....................... 25.8 1
1077
1077
Drivers, coach................... 18.2 14.00
17.3 13.30
Drivers, coal—
1 horse......................... 22.7 15.00
22.7 15.00
66
2 horses....................... 27.3 18.00
27.3 18.00
66
66
3 horses....................... 31.8 21.00
31.8 21.00
Drivers, commission house—
1 horse, union E ........... 25.8 17.00
25.8 17.00
1 horse, union F ........... 27.5 16.50
27.5 16.50
60
2 horses, union E ........ . 28.8 19.00
28.8 19.00
2 horses, union F ........ . 30.8 18.50
30.8 18.50
3 horses, union E ......... 30.3 20.00
30.3 20.00
Drivers, department store—
1 horse.......................... 26.7 16.00
26.7 16.00
2 horses........................ 29.2 17.50
29.2 17.50
3 horses....................... . 30.8 18.50
60
30.8 18.50
60
Driver?, department store
and furniture—
1 horse, union A ........... 25.8 15.50
25.8 15.50
60
1 horse, union B ........... 27.5 16.50
27.5 16.50
60
2 horses, union A ......... 30.0 18.00
30.0 18.00
2 horses, union B ......... 30.8 18.50
30.8 18.50
130 cents per hour.
* $3 per day.
* And 7 per cent commission on sales over $200 per week.
< Work prohibited.
ft 25 cents per hour.
« Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* 35 cents for first hour; 40 cents per hour thereafter.
* Per 1,000 brick within a distance of 2 miles; over 2 miles 10 cents pot 1,000 additional.
» $3 per trip.
1 Allowed every other Sunday off, with pay.
0
1140 cents per hour.
1 50 cents per hour.
2
1 55 cents per hour.
8
m 35 cents per hour.
1 For Sunday; work 4 hours on holidays, paid for full day. Work on Labor Day prohibited.
5
16 For Sunday; do not work on holidays.




115

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
days
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full
full full half­ hour. full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byHours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

North Central—Continued.
Chicago, HI.—Continued.
Drivers, excavating—
Cts.
2 horses.......................... 29.6
3 horses.......................... 35.2
Drivers and packers, furni­
ture.................................. 31.7
Drivers—
Furniture and piano.... 28.8
Grease wagon................ 431.7
1 horse, grocery and
market....................... 25.8
Drivers, grocery and meat—
1 horse........................... 23.3
2 horses.......................... 26.7
Drivers, hay and grain—
1 horse........................... 22.0
2 horses.......................... 25.8
3 horses.......................... 28.4
Drivers—
Hotel and transfer........ 20.5
Ice wagon (peddlers).... 32.5
Ice truck (peddlers)...... 33.3
Ice truck....................... 30.4
Drivers, iron and stone—
2 horses......................... 27.3
3 horses......................... 29.5
4 horses......................... 36.4
Drivers—
Laundry....................... 29.6
Laundry and dye house. 29.6
Laundry and dye house,
overalls..................... 31.5
Laundry and dye house,
towel supply............ . 38.9
Drivers, lumber, box, and
shavings—
1 horse......................... . 21.2
2 horses......................... 24.2
28.8
Drivers, machinery mov-

Dolls.
15.99
18.99

1
1

19.00

(*)

(*)

14.00
16.00

w
(6)

14.50
17.00
18.75

M

15.75
•19.50
20.00
1*18.25

9
9

54
54

Cts. DolU.
29.6 15.99
35.2 18.99

9
9

H

10

60

30.8

18.50

10

60

11
10

66
60

28.8
31.7

19.00
19.00

11
10

66
60

H

10

60

25.8

15.50

10

60

6I f
«1|

10
10

60
60

23.3
26.7

14.00
16.00

10
10

60
60

11
11
11

66
66
66

22.0
25.8
28.4

14.50
17.00
18.75

11
11
11

66
66
66

W

7if
7 if
1

VI
<
2)

VI
b)

11
10
10
10

77
60
60
60

19.7 15.17
32.5 •19.50
33.3 20.00
30.4 W18.25

11
10
10
10

77
60
60
60

2
2
2

11
11
U

66
66
66

27.3
29.5
36.4

18.00
19.50
24.00

11
11
11

66
66
66

9
9

54
54

29.6 “ 16.00
29.6 W16.00

9
9

54
54

18.00
19.50
24.00

H
if
if

“ 16.00
i»16.00

l
li

“ 17.00

l*

2

9

54

31.5 1*17.00

9

54

21.00

U

72

9

54

38.9

21.00

9

54

14.00
16.00
19.00

>15*

11
11
11

66
66
66

19.7 13.00
22.7 15.00
25.8 17.00

11
11
11

66
66
66

m)
W

1}
if

20.5 13.50
1 horse...
20.5 13.50
11
66
11
2
2 horses..
11
28.0 18.50
2
66
28.0 18.50
11
if
3 horses..
30.3 20.00
2
11
66
30.3 20.00
11
if
i Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* 35 cents per hour.
* 32} cents per hour.
* Scale became 35 cents on June 15,1915.
* 30 cents per hour.
« For Sunday; work 4 hours on holidays, paid for full day. Work on Labor Day prohibited.
7 For Sunday; do not work on holidays.
« 25 cents per hour.
* $18.50 per week, November to April, inclusive.
1 $18 per week, November to April, inclusive.
0
1 Ana 10 per cent commission on au sales over $95 per week.
1
m Work prohibited.
1 And various commissions based on amount of business secured.
1
1 And 5 per cent commission on all business over $80 per week.
4
1 30 cents per hour until 8 p. m .; 40 cents per hour thereafter.
6




54
54

*1h
1

19.00
19.00
15.50

lli
HI

66
66
66

116

BULLETIN OP THE BUBEATT OF LABOB STATISTICS.

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
days
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per
Per week,
full full half­ hour.
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by-

Hours of
labor—

Per Per Per
week, full week.
full
full
time. day. time.

North Central—Continued.
Chicago, HI.—Continued.
Drivers, machinery mov­
ing—Concluded.
4 horses i.......................
4 horses3 ......................
.
6 horses.................. .
Drivers, machinery and safe
moving.............................
Drivers, machinery moving
and general teaming—
1 horse............. .
2 horses.......................
3 horses.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drivers, milk—
Route men. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Route men, retail.........
Wholesale............. .
Truck, daywork............
2-horse truck, n ig h twork..........................
3 or 4horse truck, nightwork. .................. .
Route foremen and insnectors
...........
Drivers, packing house—

1*
li
l|

2
2
2

11
11
11

66
66
66

Cts.
31.8
37.1
45.5

Dolls.
21.00
24.50
30.00

28.8 19.00

li

2

11

66

28.8

22.0 14.50
25.0 16.50
27.3 18.00

(3)

1?
1?

11
11
11

1
1
1
1

11
9
8
8

(3)
(3 )

11
11

11

66
66
66

19.00

11

66

66
66
66

22.0 14.50
25.0 16.50
27.3 18.00

11
11
11

66
66
66

77
60
54
54

24.7 19.00
31.7 19.00
38.0 20.50
33.3 18.00

11
9
8
8

77
60
54
54

19.00
19.00
20.50
18.00

1
1§
li

37.0 20.00

li

1

8

54

37.0 20.00

8

54

40.7 22.00

li

1

8

54

40.7 22.00

8

54

li

9

60

38.3

23.00

9

60

63
11*
63
11*
11
77
i 77
11
63
10|
63
10*
63
lof
9
54
9
54
65
10
9
54

12 25.4
12 28.6

16.00
18.00

63
63

25.0
21.2
33.3
33.3
27.0
33.3
35.2
27.7
32.5

19.25
16.33
21.00
21.00
17.00
18.00
18.99
18.00
17.54

11*
11*
11
11

25.8
28.0

11
21.5
66
23.0 15.20
li
li
11
24.2
66
25.8 17.00
if
if
if
11
28.8
30.3 20.00
66
if
i Drivers take care of 2 horses.
* Drivers take care of 4 horses.
« 35 cents per hour.
« 27* cents per hour.
ft For Sunday. 40 cents per hour; work on holidays prohibited.
6 25 cents per hour.
i Allowed 1 day off every 2 weeks, with pay.
8 45 cents per hour.
» Work on Labor Day prohibited.
io For holidays; for Sunday, 50 cents per hour.
u And 50 cents per load over 5 loads per day.
» Employed by team owners,
w 50 cents per hour.

Drivers—
Extra............................
Office or city delivery...
Piano, union B .............
Piano, wnfow L .............
2 horses, piano..............
fiftnd hflxmng...........
ftflnd Tmnling 1 ....... .
2
Sprinkling carts............
Sprinkling carts.. . . . . . .
Parcel delivery and ma­
chinery moving.........
Roofing m aterial........
Drivers, stone, lime, and
cement—
1 horse...................... .
2 h orses.............. .




Dolls.
21.00
24.50
30.00

Cite.
31.8
37.1
45.5

24.7
31.7
38.0
33.3

if

38.3

23.00

25.4
28.6

16.00
18.00

25.0
22.0
33.3
33.3
27.0
33.3
35.2
27.7
32.5

1
19.25
16.92
21.00
21.00 l8
j
17.00
18.00 111
18.99 111
1
18.00
1
17.54

25.8
28.0

17.00
18.50

w

(“ )

1
(*)
h
i
i
9l i
102
102
•l i

•if
1
li

11
11

66
66

*1
9
9
10
9

77
777
63
63
63
54
54
65
54

17.00
18.50

11
11

66
66

14.20
16.00
19.00

11
11
11

66
66
66

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915,

117

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T able

CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
TEAMSTERS AND DRIYERS-Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.
Hoursof
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
of
Sun­
Geographical division and city.
moSc
with
Over­ days
and
Per time. holi­ Per Per Satur­
Per Per Per
Per week.
day Per
days. toll week, half­ hour. week, fuU week.
full
hour. full
full
full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

North Central—Continued.
Chicago, HI.—Concluded.
Drivers—
Dump, money, or tower
wagon, street railway.
Wreck wagon, street
railway......................
Swill wagon.................
Drivers and salesmen, tea
and coffee........................
Drivers, yard and general

Cts. Dolls.
15.30
25.0
28.3

16.50
17.00

37.5 118.00

11

Cts. Dolls.
23.2 15.30

11

66

16.50
17.00

60

37.5 118.00

48

25.0
28.3

17.00
18.00

66

60
Drivers, 1-horse wagon......
Drivers, truck—
66
20.5 13.50
1 horse......................... 20.5 13.50
23.5 15.50
66
1 horse......................... 23.5 15.50
66
2 horses........................ 25.0 16.50
25.0 16.50
66
3 horses........................ 28.0 18.50
28.0 18.50
29.5 19.50
66
4 horses........................ 29.5 19.50
66
6 horses........................ 32.6 21.50
32.6 21.50
Drivers, general—
66
1 horse, union M.......... 23.2 15.30
23.0 15.20
66
1 horse, union N.......... 20.5 13.50
20.5 13.50
23.5 15.50
66
1 horse, union N.......... 23.5 15.50
66
2 horses, union M........ 25.5 16.85
25.4 16.75
66
2 horses, union N........ 25.0 16.50
25.0 16.50
66
3 horses, union N........ 28.0 18.50
28.0 18.50
66
4 horses, union N........ 29.5 19.50
29.5 19.50
6 horses........................ 32.6 21.50
66
32.6 21.50
Drivers* helpers—
54
Bone and tallow......... 31.0 16.73
31.0 16.73
Department store........ 25.8 15.50
25.8 15.50
Department store and
60
14.00
furniture.................. 23.3 14.00
66
Furniture..................... 26.0 16.50
25.0 16.50
66
Furniture and piano___ 25.8 17.00
25.8 17.00
Extra, furniture and
66
piano......................... 30.0 19.80
30.0 19.80
60
28.3 17.00
Grease wagon............... 28.3 17.00
60
28.8 17.25
Ice truck..................... . 28.8 17.25
66
22.7 15.00
Machinery moving____ 22.7 15.00
63
31.7 20.00
Piano, Union B .......... . 31.7 20.00
Piano, Union L ............ 31.7 20.00
63
31.7 20.00
Wreck wagon, street
23.2 15.30
railway..................... . 23.2 15.30
1177
15.2 11.67
u 77
Wagon.......................... 15.9 12.25
77
Extra.......................... . 20.0 15.40
77 ........ 20.0 15.40
i And 12 per cent commission on collections over 1600 in four weeks, and 12* percent on collections over
9800 in four weeks.
* 30 cents per hour until 8 p. m .; time and a half thereafter.
* Work on Labor Day prohibited.
« 40 cents per hour.
* For Sunday: do not work on holidays.
*30 cents per hour.
* 35 cents per hour.
8 45 cents per hour.
* For holidays; for Sunday, 50 cents per hour.
i° 25 cents per hour.
n Allowed every other Sunday off, with pay.




28.3 17.00
30.0 18.00

28.3
30.0

118

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS-Continued.
TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS-Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
days
mos.
Over­ and
with
Per time. holi­ Per Per Satur­
Per Per Per
Per week,
days. full week, day Per week, full week.
hour, full
full half­ hour. full day. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byNorth Central—Continued.
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Cts. Dolls.
Drivers—
Bakery........................ . 20.7 14.50
1horse, bakery and pie.. 21.7 13.00
25.0 15.00

8

70
60
60

Cts. Dolls.

21.7 *13.00
60
20.0 14.00
(1)i
<70
1 horse, ice cream.......... 16.4 #11.60
1
70
Route, ice cream.......... 20.0 14.00
1
70
Truck, ice cream.......... 21.4 15.00
1
70
Route, ice..................... 28.3 617.00
1
•60
Route, milk.................. 22.9 916.00
1
70
Truck, milk.................. 22.1 15.50
l
70
Truck, milk, wholesale.. 24.6 917.25
l
70
Route foremen, milk.... 26.4 18.50
l
70
Stores........................... 19.3 13.50
l
70
102
1 horse, wagon.............. 21.7 13.00
60
102
2 horse,light w agon..... 23.3 14.00
102
2 horse, heavy wagon... 25.0 15.00
102
3 or 4 horses.................. 26.7 16.00
Supply wagon.............. 18.1 13.00
HI
1*72
Drivers'helpers—
HI
Route, ice..................... 21.7 i«13.00
1*60
Milk.............................. 20.4 14.25
1
70
102
Wagon.......................... 21.7 13.00
60
Cleveland, Ohio:
Drivers—
Furniture van.............. 30.0 18.00
29.2
60
1 horse, furniture.......... 26.7 16.00
25.8
60
1 horse, light wagon___ 19.2 11.50
15.3
i#60
1 horse, heavy wagon... 20.8 12.50
16.7
w60
2-horse wagon............... 22.5 13.50
18.1
i«60
2-horse truck................. 25.8 15.50
20.8
1*60
3-horse truck............... . 29.2 17.60
i«60
23.6
Water wagon................ 27.3 18.00
27.3
Drivers, ice delivery—
20.00
66
30.3
Route.......................... .
Special orders.... &
........ 20.0 13.20
20.0
2-norse truck................ 27.3 18.00
27.3
3-horse truck................ 30.3 20.00
30.3
36.4
Route foremen.............. 36.4 24.00
i No scale on May 1,1914.
* Do not work on Sunday or holidays.
* And 3 per cent commission on sales over $100 per week.
<Allowed every other Sunday off, with pay.
* And 2 cents for each ice cream delivery package returned.
* 54 hours and $15 per week, November to March, inclusive.
* 35 per hour.
* 60 hours and $14 per week. November to April, inclusive.
* And various commissions.
io Work on Labor Day prohibited.
ii For holidays; for Sunday, 30 cents per hour.
i* 60 hours per week, November to March, inclusive,
i* 54 hours and $11.70 per week, November to March, inclusive.
h 60 hours and $12 per week, November to April, inclusive,
i# Until 8 p. m.; double time thereafter.
i« Allowed 6 days off each year, with pay.
1 30 cents per hour.
7

and pie.




8
(0

%

%

t10

10
10
10

3
10

10
10
12

10

10

10

17.60
15.50

11.00
12.00

13.00
15.00
17.00
18.00

i« 72
i«72
i«72
io 72
i«72

20.00

13.20
18.00

20.00

24.00

66
66

66

119

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T a ble

CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
days
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Per Per
Per Per Satur­
Per week,
days. fall week, day Per week, full week,
hour. full
full half­ hour. full day. full
time.
time. holi­
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate

North Central—Continued.
Cleveland, Ohio—Concluded.
Drivers' helpers.................
Furniture van.............
Ice delivery.................
Detroit, Mich.:
Drivers, tea and coffee.___
Drivers, general—
1 horse.........................
2 horses.........................
3 horses or w in d la ss
wagon........................
4 horses........................
Helpers........................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Drivers, bakery—
1 horse, cake wagon.......
1 horse, retail..
2-horse truck..
Drivers, ice wagon.,
Teamsters.............
Teamsters............. .............
Drivers" helpers, ice wagon..
Kansas City, Mo.:
Drivers—
Retail, bakery.............
Wholesale, bakery.......
Wholesale, bakery___
Hack and cab..............
Hearse.........................
Pie wagon....................
1 horse, light wagon_
_
2 horses, -lght wagon___
2 horses, heavy wagon..
3 horses_
_
2-ton truck,
3-ton truck
4-ton truck
6-ton truck..................
Minneapolis, Minn.: Drivers,

Cts. Dolls.
24.2 14.50
25.0 15.00
20.0 13.20
37.5

4 18.00

24.0
27.5

14.40
16.50

30.0
32.5
27.5

18.00
19.60
16.50

21.7
21.2
25.0
25.0
21.7
25.0
21.4

13.00
814.00
15.00
16.50
13.00
15.00
14.10

26.7
30.0
30.0
15.6
15.6
26.7
20.0
22.5
25.0
30.0
27.5
30.0
33.3
33.3

916.00
W
18.00
H18.00
12.00
12.00
W
16.00
12.00
13.50
15.00
18.00
16.60
18.00
20.00
20.00

12
10
10

*72
60
66

37.5

4 18.00

*8

8 48

25.0
27.5

15.00
16.50

10
10

60
60

18.00
19.50
16.60

10
10
10

60
60
60

10
10
10

8 60
bO
66

1

88

6 48

H
[

2
2

10
10

60
60

2
2
2

10
10
10

60
60
60

30.0
32.5
27.5

«1
•1
81
li
1
l
1
li
l r

10
11
10
11
10
10
11

60
66
60
66
60
60
66

0

v)
v)
26.0 16.60
21.7 13.00
25.0 15.00
21.4 14.10

10
10
10
11
11
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10

60
60
60
77
77
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60

26.7
30.0
30.0
15.6
15.6
26.7
20.0
22.5
25.0
30.0
27.5
30.0
33.3
33.3

1]
1t
1

(*)

1{
l\

li
li
li

l
l
l
(12)
(12)
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
(!2)
(“ )
1
1 li
4
11
43
1 li
4
11
4
14 1
3
14 1 r
141
14 13 r

v)

0
M

9 16.00
1018.00
U18.00
12.00
12.00
1816.00
12.00
13.60
15.00
18.00
16.60
18.00
20.00
20.00

11
10
10
11

0
0
(0
66
60
60
66

10
10
10
11
11
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10

60
60
60
77
77
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60
60

0

v)

(7 )

15.00 (*>
1
10 W60
25.0 15.00
10 »60
24.3 17.50 (1«)1
72
12
72
1
12
24.3 17.50
12
72
12
72
1
20.8 15.00
Drivers' helpers, Ice delivery 20.8 15.00 m 1
i Until 8 p. m.; double time thereafter,
a Allowed 6 days off each year, with pay.
« 30 cents per hour.
« And 10 per cent commission on sales over $160 per week.
6 Average hours.
« For Sunday; work on holidays prohibited.
7 Not organized on May 1,1914.
* And 4 per cent commission on all sales over $200 per week.
» And 10 per cent commission on sales over $80 per week.
And 60 cents per day for caring for horses; and 10 per cent commission on sales over $180 per week.
1 And 10 per cent commission on sales over $180 per week,
1
u 25 cents per hour.
> And 9 per cent commission on sales over $169 per week.
8
1 Work on Labor Day prohibited.
4
» Work 70 hours every other week.
1 40 cents per hour.
8




25.0

Cts. Dolls.
19.4 14.00
24.2 14.60
20.0 13.20

2
2
1

1

1

120

BULLETIN OF THE BUBEAU OF LABOR STATISTICS*

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full fuU ftdl
hour. fuU
day. time. holi­
day. time.
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied

North Central—Concluded.

St. Louts, Mo.:

Drivers, baggage and par­
cel delivery—
Cts.
1-horse truck................ 18.9
2-horse truck, capacity
less than 5,000pounds. 21.5
&horse truck, capacity
of5,000pounds or over, 24.2
3-horse truck................. 26.1
Drivers, coal—
Wagon, capacity of 5,000
pounds or less............ 1&2
2 horses......................... 22.7
3 horses................ ........ 27.3
Drivers, department store—
1 horse.......................... 21.7
2 horses......................... 23.3
Drivers, furniture............... 26.2
1 horse.......................... 24.6
2 horses........................ 26.2
Drivers, ice delivery........... 27.3
Drivers, milk delivery—
Route, retail or whole­
sale................... ......... 14.3
Special-delivery truck.. 14.3
1-norse station wagon... 12.2
2-horse station wagon... 14.3
Drivers, public carriage..
17.9
Drivers, general—
018.9
1-horse truck

Dolls.
12.50

1

li

11

66

Cts. Dolls.
18.9 12.50

11

14.20

1

li

11

66

21.5

14.20

11

66

16.00
17.20

1
1

lj
ljI

11
11

66
66

24.2 16.00
26.1 17.20

11
11

66
66

12.00
15.00
18.00

1
1
1

lj
1
lj

11
11
11

66
66
66

18.2
22.7
27.3

11
11
11

66
66
66

13.00
14.00
16.50
15.50
16.50
418.00

W
\
ll
<7

lj
1}
*11r
31
31)
* 1\

10
10
io i

10*

10*
11

60
60
63
63
63
466

21.7 13.00
23.3 14.00
26.2 16.50
24.6 15.50
26.2 16.50
<«)
<)
#

10
10
10|
10*
10*
(6
)

714.00
14.00
12.00
14.00
15.00

1
1
1
1
(8)

1
1
1
1
1

14
14
14
14
12

98
98
98
98
84

14.3 714.00
14.3 14.00
12.2 12.00
14.3 14.00
17.9 15.00

14
14
14
14
12

98
98
98
98
84
66

1*
1

18.9
66
12.50
li
l i o il
less than5.000pounds. 1021.5 14.20
66 ........ 21.5
li
l i 1011
2-horse truck, capacity
24.2
11 ii 11
66
of5,000pounds or over. ll24.2 16.00
li
26.1
66
1226.1 17.20
3-horse truck............
li
1 lill
66.
27.9
1327.9 18.40
4-horse truck............
li
1 I3U
o il
19.2
66
019.2 12.69
Pull-up drivers........
li
Drivers7helpers—
25.8
10
60
25.8 15.50 (*)
Furniture.................
li
1
»1
10
60
Ice delivery..............
23.3 14.00
(6)
3 l|
23.0
10i
23.0 14.50
63
1-horse wagon___ :. .
23.8
23.8 15.00
63
2-horse track............
io i
l i 31j
St. Paul, Minn.:
22.9 12.83
1
1
8
56
22.9
Drivers, sprinkling carts.
27.5
1
1
8
48
27.5 13.20
Teamsters.......................
27.5
1
1
10
60
27.5 16.50
Teamsters.......................
* Regular time and 25 cents for supper, after 6 p. m.
* 30 cents per hour.
* Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* 60 hours and $15 per week, November to April, inclusive.
* For holidays; for Sunday. 30 cents per hour.
* No scale on May 1,1914.
7 And various commissions on sales.
* 25 cents per hour for first 5 hours; 15 cents per hour thereafter.
* Scale became 20.6 cents and 10* hours on Aug. 1,1915.
io Scale became 23.3 cents and 10} hours on Aug. 1,1915.
u Scale became 26.2 cents and 10} hours on Aug. 1,1915.
MScale became 28.1 cents and 10} hours on Aug. 1,1915.
1 Scale became 30 cents and 10* hours on Aug. 1,1915.
3




12.00
15.00
18.00

66

60
60
63
63
63
<«)

12.50

11

14.20

11

66

16.00
17.20
18.40
12.69

11
11
11
11

66
66
66
66

15.50
(#
)
14.50
15.00

10
(«)
10*
10*

12.83
13.20
16.50

8
8
10

60
(6
)
63
63
56
48
60

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915,

121

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.
Hoursof
labor—

Rate of wages—

Geographical division and city.

South Central.
Houston, Tex.: Drivers, carriage.
New Orleans, La.:
Drivers, carriage.............
Teamsters.......................
Teamsters and loaders...
Teamsters’ helpers.........

May 1,1914.

Sun­
Over­ days
and
time. holi­
Per
days.
Per week,
hour. full
time.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by-

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
Num­
ber
of
mos.
with
Satur­
Per Per Per
Per Per day
full week, half- Per week, full week,
full
hour. full day. fulT
day. time. holt*
time.
time.

Cts. Dolls.
14.3 12.00

0)

Cts. Dolls.
14.3 12.00

17.1
22.2
28.0
22.2

12.00
12.00
16.80
12.00

%
%

17.1
22.2
28.0
22.2

12.00
12.00
16.80
12.00

70
54
60
54

20.0
25.0

12.00

20.0
25.0

12.00
15.00

60
60

30.0

18.00

30.0

18.00

34.4
25.0

16.50
15.00

31.3
25.0

15.00
15.00

60

18.00
19.50
24.00
21.00

60
60

Western.
Portland, Oreg.:
1-horse wagon.....................
2 horses, light wagon...........
Wagon, capacity more than
2&tons..............................
Salt L i e City, Utah:
Teamsters, building mate­
rial...................................
Teamsters, general..............
San Francisco, Cal.:
Drivers, building material..
2 horses.........................
2 horses, brick..............
4-horse truck.................
4-horse wagon or 2-horse
truck..........................
6 horses.........................
Drivers, department store
and hardware—
1 horse...........................
2 horses.........................
Drivers, 1 horse, fruit..........
Drivers, grocery and liquor
store—
1 horse..........................
2 horses.........................
Drivers, ice wagon..............
Drivers, milk—
Route, wholesale and

60

15.00
10

it

60

30.0 18.00
32.5 19.50
40.0 24.00
35.0 21.00

• if
5i f

5i f

30.0
32.5
40.0
35.0

35.0 21.00
45.0 27.00

Hi

35.0
45.0

21.00
27.00

60
60

25.0 15.00
30.0 18.00
33.3 20.00

#2
»2

25.0 15.00
30.0 18.00
33.3 20.00

60
60
60

25.0 15.00
30.0 18.00
36.5 21.92

«2
#2
ii

h

10
10
«10

60
60
860

25.0 15.00
30.0 18.00
36.5 21.92

1
•63
21.00
33.3 21.00
1
Route, second class..
27.8 17.50
33.3 21.00
•63
37.0
1
•63
37.0
Route, relief........... .
Drivers, parcels—
62
27.5 16.50
60
27.5 16.50
1 horse.....................
62
30.0 18.00
2 horses....................
30.0 18.00
125 cents per hour.
•75 cents per hour,
s 45 cents per hour.
•50 cents per hour.
•Work on Labor Day prohibited.
•$1.50 per trip, not exceeding 3 hours; more than 3 hours, 1 day’s pay.
t 60 cents per nour.
8 9 hours per day, 54 per week, December to March, inclusive.
•Allowed 4 days off each month, with pay.




10

10

10
810

60
60
860
•63
•63
•63
60
60

122

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS,

T a b le A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Continued.
TEAMSTERS AND DRIVERS-Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1, 1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
.b y —
Rate of wages—

Western—Concluded.
San Francisco, CaL—Concld.
Drivers, general—
1-horse small wagon___
1-horse large wagon or
2-horsewasons,capac­
ity of less than 2 tons..
1-horse truck or wagon,
capacity of 2 to 4 tons.
2-horse truck or wag­
ons, capacity of 4 or
more tons...................
4-horse truck or large
fruit wagons..............
Drivers’ helpers—
lee...... ..........................
Milk..............................
Seattle. Wash.:
Drivers—
Baggage and furniture..
Milk wagon...................
H ea v y m a ch in e ry
wagon........................
2-horse light combina­
tion wagon................

Cts. Dolls.
20.0 12.00

0)

1*

10

60

Cts. Dolls.
20.0 12.00

10

60

25.0

15.00

0

1}

10

60

25.0

15.00

10

60

30.0

18.00

(2
)

1}

10

60

30.0

18.00

10

60

35.0

21.00

(*)

1*

10

60

35.0

21.00

10

60

40.0

24.00

(2
)

1}

10

60

40.0 24.00

10

60

30.0
22.2

18.00
14.00

(8)
(2)

« 10
9

* 60
563

30.0
14.8

18.00
9.33

<10
9

* 60
*63

30.0
30.0

18.00
21.00

1*
<)
6

10
10

60
70

30.0
30.0

18.00
21.00

10
10

60
70

35.0

21.00

1*

10

60

35.0

21.00

10

60

27.5

16.50

1*

10

60

27.5

16.50

10

60

2
Boston, Mass.: Yardm en...
723.6 13.00
1
7 10 7 55
12 723.6 13.00 7 10
Newark, N. J.: Stablemen..
1
1
22.9 16.00
10
70
22.9 16.00
10
New York, N. Y .:
Floor men or wagon was]___ 22.7 15.00 (*)
1
10 9 66
22.7 15.00
10
Loaders, auto truck............. 30.0 18.00 (l)
60
10
30.0 18.00
10
)
Loaders, commission house. 25.0 18.00 (10
12
72
25.0 18.00
12
1h
Packers, furniture and stor30.0 18.00
1
10
60
30.0 18.00
10
1|
: and cabinetmak­
ers, furniture................... 30.0 18.00 0 )
10
60
30.0 18.00
10
25.0 15.00
1
10
60
25.0 15.00
10
Providence, R. I.: Stablemen.. 18.6 13.00
10
70
18.6 13.00
10
1}
Scranton, Pa.:
Stablemen..................
12 H84
1
l
12
17.9 15.00
17.9 15.00
1
l
12 H84
Stablemen’s helpers..
16.7 14.00
12
16.7 14.00
135 cents per hour.
* 50 ccnts per hour.
* 60 cents per hour.
* 9 hours per day, 54 per week, December to March, inclusive.
5 Allowed 4 days off each month with pay.
6 40 cents per hour.
7 26 cents per hour, 9 hours per day, 50 hours per week, September to April, inclusive.
« 25 cents per hour.
» Allowed every other Sunday and holiday off, with pay.
io 30 cents per hour.
u Allowed 2 days off each month with pay.

7 55
70

ii
1

MISCELLANEOUS OCCUPATIONS.
North Atlantic.




66
60
72
60
60
60
70
i* 84
U84

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 1 , 1915.

123

T a b l e A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
CHAUFFEURS, TEAMSTERS, AND DRIVERS—Concluded.
MISCELLANEOUS OCCUPATIONS—Concluded.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Rate of wages—

Hours of
labor—

North Central.
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Ice-house men........
Stable bosses..........
Stablemen........ ; . . .
Stablemen’s helpers
Washers, wagon....
Cleveland, Ohio:
Bam bosses, ic e ....
Platform men, ice ..
Packers, furniture. .
Warehousemen.......
Yardmen, ice..........
St. Louis, Mo.:
Packers, furniture. .
Stablemen...............
Stablemen.............
Stablemen.............

Cts.
19.0
19.0
*16.7
16.7
22.9

DM*.
16.00
16.00
14.00
14.00
16.00

27.3 18.00
20.0 13.20
30.0 18.00
30.0 18.00
20.0 13.20
27.5
•15.8
18.2
8 18.2

16.50
12.13
12.00
12.00

9

<?
(5
)

<*)

%
1

12
12
12
12
10

84
84
84
84
<70

10
10
10
10
10
10
11
11
8 11

60
777

Cts. DoUs.
19.0 16.00
(*)
16?7 14.00
(*)
22.9 16.00

12

%
%

27.3
20.0
29.2
29.2
20.0

18.00
13.20
17.50
17.50
13.20

10
10
10
10
10

27.5
15.8
18.2
18.2

16.50
12.13
12.00
12.00

10
11
11
11

84

%
%
66

777

Western.
San Francisco, Cal.:
Brasspolishers*
Washers, auto.

25.0 15.00
35.0 21.00

60

25.0 15.00
35.0 21.00

FREIGHT HANDLERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Freight handlers................. 23.0 13.80
10
60
23.0
u
Longshoremen.................... 23.0 13.57
10
59
23.0
if
if
Coal handlers................ 24.4 13.20
54
9
24.4
li
if
General cargo................ 33.0 19.47 (»)
10
59
33.0
(1 )
0
Sugar handlers............. 40.0 23.60 (»)
10
59
40.0
Buffalo, N. Y .: Longshoremen
and freight handlers.............. 35.0 21.00 (“ ) (u)
10
60
35.0
New York, N. Y .: Longshore­
men........................................ 33.0 19.80 < >
10
60
33.0
eo
•
Philadelphia, Pa.: Longshore­
men........................................ 30.0 18.00
2
10
60
30.0
1*
*35 cents per hour.
* No scale on May 1,1914.
* Scale became 17.9 cents on Tune 1,1915.
* Allowed every other Sunday off, with pay.
6 30 cents per hour.
6 Scale became 16.4 cents on Aug. 1,1915.
7 Allowed 2 Sundays off every 4 weeks, with pay.
s Scale became 19.8 cents and 10* hours on Aug. 1,1915.
* 50 cents per hour.
1 60 cents per hour.
9
1140 cents per hour.




13.80
13.57
13.20
19.47
23.60

10
10
9
10
10

60
59
54
59
59

21.00

10

60

19.80

10

60

18.00

10

60

124

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS*

T a b l e A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
FREIGHT HANDLERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hoursof
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of

Hours of
labor—

Nuni"
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
days
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week. day Per week, Per week.
Per week.
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
bySooth Atlantic.
Baltimore, Md.:
Freight and coal handlers...
Coed handlers, bottom men.
Charleston, S. C ........................
Longshoremen....................

Cts.
25.0
30.0
25.0
33.3

8

10
10
10
9

54

60
60

10
10

60
60

27.5

60

10
10
10
9

16.50

10

60

38.5
34.3
46.2
36.0
43.3
35.0
35.0
30.0
26.7

U
1*

DoUs.
15.00
18.00
15.00
18.00

24.0 14.40
35.0 21.00

Dolls.
15.00
18.00
15.00
18.00

20.19
18.00
24.23
18.92
22.73
21.00
21.00
21.00
16.00

Cts.
25.0
30.0
25.0
33.3

54

North Central.
Chicago, HI.:
Inside..................................
Outside...............................
Talleymen and inspectors,
lumber.............................
Grain loading at elevators—
Dockmen, floor men.
machine men, spout
men, or trackmen.......
Laborers...................
Mixers......................
Oilers.......................
Weighmen................
Cleveland, Ohio....................
Milwaukee, W is....................
Coopers (repair men). . . .
Warehousemen...............

24.0 14.40
35.0 21.00
10

27.5

16.50

39.6
35.3
47.5
37.1
44.6
35.0
35.0
30.0
26.7

20.19
18.00
24.23
18.92
22.73
21.00
21.00
21.00
16.00

Houston, Tex.: Longshoremen, 30.0
New Orleans, La..................... . 20.0
Interior men, unions A and
B . . . ........................................... 18.5
Interior men, union C........ 19.0
Checkers............................ 20.0
Railroad............................ 18.5
Grain trimmers and sackers. 50.0
Coal handlers..................
40.0
Screenmen......................
60.6
Screenmen, foremen.......
72.7
Stave classers..................
35.0
Longshoremen................
40.0

18.00
12.00

n
«i

10
13

60
60

11.10
11.40
12.00
11.10
29.50
24.00
30.00
36.00
18.90
23.60

(6
)

10
10
10
10
10
10

18.5
19.0
20.0
18.5
50.0
40.0
60.6
72.7
35.0
40.0

11.10
11.40
12.00
11.10
29.50
24.00
30.00
36.00
18.90
23.60

35.0

52 i
52 r
52
52 r
52
60
60
70
60

South Central.
(<)
12.00

&

2
2
2
2

8k
9
10

60
60
60
60
59
60
49*
49*
54
59

(2)

(*)

9

54

18.90

54

50.0 27.00 (»)
130 cents per hour.
2 50 cents per hour.
* 40 cents per hour.
* Not organized on May 1,1914
* Double time for Labor Day.

(1 )
0

9

54
50.0 27.00
« 28*cents per hour.
129 cents per hour,
s 28 cents per hour.
•70 cents per hour,
io 75 cents per hour.

54

(7)
(8)
(«j

2
(*)

8*

10
10
10
10
10
10

60
60
60
60
59
60

I

$
54
59

10

Western.
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Longshoremen—
Lumber handlers........
Loaders and unloaders,




35.0

18.90

125

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOB, MAY 1,1915.

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T ab le

FREIGHT HANDLERS—Concluded.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.

Hours of
Bate of
wages—
labor—
Num.'
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
days
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full fuU fuU
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Honrs of
labor—

Bate of wages—

Western—Concluded.
Portland, Oreg.:
Longshoremen—
Grain handlers.............
Machine men, samplers,
and weighers, grain...
Lumber and paper
handlers.....................
General cargo, coast­
wise vessels................
General cargo, foreignbound vessels............
San Francisco, Cal.:
Longshoremen—
General freight..............
Coal handlers................
Seattle, Wash.:
Longshoremen—
Freight truckers............
Loaders and unloaders..

as. Bolls.
40.0 21.60

1
i

li

a s. Bolls.
40.0 21.60

54

45.0 24.30

1*

li

45.0 24.30

54

ii

50.0 27.00

54

50.0 27.00
55.0 29.70

li

li

55.0 29.70

54

55.0 29.70

0)

(‘ )

55.0 29.70

54

50.0 27.00
55.0 29.70

8

8

50.0 27.00
55.0 29.70

54
54

35.0 18.90
45.0 24.30

l
<)
8

09

35.0 18.90
45.0 24.30

54
54

1

GRANITE AND STONE TRADES.
GRANITE CUTTERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Outside *............................. 47.5
Outside 6............................. 75.0
Inside and machine............ 45.6
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Outside............ ................... 48.5
Inside.................................. 46.0
Machine............................... 50.0
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Inside.................. ............... 50.0
Machine............................... 59.4
Fall Biver, Mass.:
Outside and machine.......... 46.1
Inside.................................. 43.0
Manchester, N. H .: Inside........ 40.6
Newark, N. J............................. 50.0
New Haven, Conn.:
Outside.................... .......... 50.0
Inside.................................. 45.5
New York, N. Y .:
Outside............................... 62.5
Outside •............. ............... 68.8
Inside.................................. 50.0
Machine............................... 62.5
1 $1 per hour.
* 75 cents per hour.
9 55 cents per hour.




20.90
33.00
20.08

li
li
if

2
2
2

8
8
8

44
44
44

12 47.5 20.90
12 75.0 33.00
12 45.6 20.08

8
8
8

44
44
44

21.83
20.70
22.50

li
li
if

2
2
2

8
8
8

45
45
45

12 48.5 21.83
12 46.0 20.70
12 50.0 22.50

8
8
8

45
45
45

22.00
26.13

1|
if

2
2

8
8

44
44

12 43.8
12 53.1

19,25
23.38

8
8

44
44

20.76
19.35
17.88
22.00

ii
if
li
li

2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8

45
45
44
44

12
12
12
12

46.1 20.76
43.0 19,35
40.6 17.88
50.0 22.00

8
8
8
8

45
45
44
44

22.00
20.02

li
li

2
2

8
8

44
44

12 47.8 21.01
12 41.0 18.04

8
8

44
44

27.50
30.25
22.00
27.50

2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8

44
44
44
44

12
12
12
12

27.50
30.25
22.00
27.50

8
8
8
8

44
44
44
44

62.5
68.8
50.0
62.5

6 Working for Building contractors.
•Trim and fit stone cut outside of city.

126

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
GRANITE AND STONE TRADES—Continued.
GRANITE CUTTERS-Continued.
May 1, 1914.

May 1,1915.

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byHours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

North Atlantic—Concluded.
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Outside....................
Mftfthinft. .............................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Outside
T>^^ilnA_
_
Inside.............................
Providence, R. I.:
Outside...............................
Inside..................................
Machine...............................
Rochester, N. Y ..................... .
Worcester. Mass.:
Outside...............................
TnaiHft...............................
Machine...............................

Cts. Dolls.
50.0 22.00
56.3 24.75

*U

62.5 37.50
50.0 22.00

2
2

45.0 19.80
40.6 17.88
50.0 22.00
48.1 421.18

(3)
(3 )

22
22

8
8

44
44

Cts. Dolls.
12 50.0 22.00
12 56.3 24.75

8
8

44
44

2
2

8
8

44
44

12 62.5 27.50
12 50.0 22.00

8
8

44
44

12
12
12
5

45.0 19.80
40.6 17.88
50.0 22.00
48.1 421.18

8
8
8
8

44
44
44
444

2

45.1 20.31
42.0 18.90
45.0 20.25

H
H
U
l{

8 44
8 44
8 44
8 444

2
2
2

8
8
8

45
45
45

12 45.1 20.31
12 42.0 18.90
12 45.0 20.25

8
8
8

45
45
45

47.5 21.38
41.3 18.56

li
if

2
2

8
8

45
45

12 47.5 21.38
12 41.3 18.56

8
8

45
45

56.3 24.75
50.0 22.00
45.0 19.80

2
2
11

2
2
2

8
8
8

44
44
44

12 56.3 24.75
12 50.0 22.00
12 45.0 19.80

8
8
8

44
44
44

45.0 19.80
48.1 21.18

li
if

2
2

8
8

44
44

12 45.0 19.80
12 48.1 21.18

8
8

44
44

50.0 22.00
45.0 19.80
51.3 22.55

li
li
1}

2
2
2

8
8
8

44
44
44

12 50.0 22.00
12 45.0 19.80
12 51.3 22.55

8
8
8

44
44
44

8
8

44
44

8
8
8

45
45
45

8
8
8

44
44
44

8
8
8

44i
44*
44*

(8)

(8)
<*)
(3)

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Outside and machine..........
Inside..................................
Baltimore. Md.:
O utside.............................
Inside..................................
Charleston, S. C.........................
Richmond, Va.:
Inside........ ........................
Machine..............................
Washington, D. C.:
Outside...............................
Inside..................................
Machine...............................
North Central.
Chicago, HI.:
2
8 44
12 62.5 27.50
Outside................................ 62.5 27.50
li
2
8 44
12 50.0 22.00
Inside and machine............. 50.0 22.00
li
Cincinnati, Ohio:
12
8 44
12 56.3 25.31
56.3 24.75
Outside................................
li
12
12 50.0 22.50
8 44
Inside.................................. 50.0 22.00
li
*2
8 44
12 53.0 23.85
Machine.............................. 55.0 24.20
if
Cleveland, Ohio:
2
8 44
12 55.0 24.20
Outside............................... 62.5 27.50 *1*
2
8 44
12 50.0 22.00
Inside.................................. 50.0 22.00 6U
2
8 44
12 45.0 19.80
Machine.............................. 49.4 21.73 6 4
Detroit. Mich.:
2
12 51.3 22.81
8 441
Outside................................ 51.3 22.81
li
2
8 4*2
12 45.0 20.03
Inside.................................. 45.0 20.03
if
2
8 44*
12 50.0 22.25
Machine............................... 50.0 22.25
li
i And on Saturday afternoon.
* Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* 25 cents per hour more than regular rate.
448 hours and $23.10 per week, October to April, inclusive.
* Until 8 p. m.; double time thereafter, and on Saturday afternoon.




127

UNION' SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 1, 1915.

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
GRANITE AND STONE TRADES—Continued.
GRANITE CUTTERS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,,1914.
Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages-

Hours cf
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
days
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
day. time.
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
North Central—Concluded.
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Outside.................................
Inside...................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Outside.................................
Inside...................................
Machine................................
St. Paul, Minn.:
Outside.................................
Inside...................................

Cts. Dolls.
56.3 24.75
47.5 20.90

if

2
2

8
8

44
44

Os. Dolls.
12 56.3 24.75
12 47.5 20.90

8
8

44
44

60.0 26.40
50.0 22.00
56.3 24.75

if
if

2
2
2

8
8
8

44
44
44

12 60.0 26.40
12 50.0 22.00
12 56.3 24.75

8
8
8

44
44
44

56.3 24.75
47.5 20.90

il

2
2

8
8

44
44

12 56.3 24.75
12 47.5 20.90

8
8

44
41

2

8

44

12 50.0 22.00

8

44

2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8

44
44
44
44

12
12
12
12

25.30
22.00
24.20
19.80

8
8
8
8

44
44
44
44

52.3 23.51
47.5 21.38

ij
i§
if
if
if
i£
if

2
2

8
8

45
45

12 49.5 22.28
12 45.0 20.25

8
8

45
45

45.0 20.25
50.0 22.50

if

n

2
2

8
8

45
45

12 45.0 20.25
12 50.0 22.50

8
8

45
45

25.08
26.18
30.00
27.50

i|
if
if
if

2
2

1
J

8
8
8
8

44
44
48
44

12 57.0 25.08
12 59.5 26.18
62.5 30.00
12 62.5 27.50

8
8
8
8

44
44
48
44

62.5 27.50
68.8 30.25

2
2

2
2

8
8

44
44

12 62.5 27.50
12 62.5 27.50

8
8

44
41

68.8 30.25
62.5 27.50

2
2

2
2

8
8

44
44

12 68.8 30.25
12 62.5 27.50

8
8

41
44

62.5 27.50
68.8 30.25

1
|

2
2

8
8

44
44

12 62.5 27.50
12 68.8 30.25

8
8

44
44

8
8
8
8

44
44
48
*48

South Central.
Balias, Tex..................................
Houston, Tex.:
Outside.................................
Inside...................................
Machine..................... ..........
Little Rock, Ark.........................
Louisville, K y.:
Outside.................................
Inside and machine..............
New Orleans, La.:
Inside...................................
Machine................................

50.0 22.00
57.5
50.0
55.0
45.0

25.30
22.00
24.20
19.80

57.5
50.0
55.0
45.0

Western.
Denver. Colo.:
Inside...................................
Machine................................
Los Angeles, Cal.........................
Portland, Qreg............................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
In s id e ................................
Machine................................
San Francisco, Cal.:
Outside.................................
Inside...................................
Seattle, Wash.:
Inside and outside................
Machine................................

57.0
59.5
62.5
62.5

STONECUTTERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Inside.
Bridgeport, Conn..
Buffalo, N .Y ........




65.0 28.60
2
12
8
44
12 65.0
56.3 24.75
12
8
44
12 56.3
56.3 27.00
8
48
56.3
H
2
8 *48
3 56.3
56.3 *27.00 %
if
i Work on Labor Bay prohibited.
* Work prohibited.
* 44 hours and 124.75 per week, June to August, inclusive.

28.60
24.75
27.00
*27.00

128

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
GRANITE AND STONE TRADES—Concluded.
STONECUTTERS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byHours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Geographical division and city.

May 1,1914.

North Atlantic—Concluded.
Newark, N. J.:
First class.........,
Second cla ss....
Third class.......
New Haven, Conn..,
New York. N. Y .:
First class.........
Second cla ss....
Third class.......
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Outside.............
Inside...............
Pittsburgh, Pa.......
Providence. R. I___
Rochester, N. Y ___
Scranton, Pa..........

Cts.
68.8
62.5
56.3
56.3

as. Dolls.

DoUs.
30.25
27.50
24.75
24.75

68.8
62.5
56.3
56.3

44
44
44
44

68.8
62.5 27.50
56.3 24.75

44
44
44

53.0
53.0
55.0
50.0
57.3
50.0

23.32
23.32
24.20
22.00
25.19
24.00

44
44
44
44
44
48

50.0
50.0
50.0
54.5
54.0

24.00
22.25
22.50
23.98
23.76

48
44}
45
44
44

62.5
56.3
62.5
62.5
50.0
56.3
62.5
50.0
62.5
50.0
58.8
62.5
60.0

68.8
62.5 27.50
56.3 24.75

30.25
27.50
24.75
24.75

27.50
25.03
27.50
27.50
24.00
24.75
27.50
22.00
27.50
22.00
25.85
27.50
26.40

44
44
44
44
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

65.0
56.3
56.3
56.3
57.3
50.0

28.60
24.75
24.75
24.75
25.19
24.00

50.0
50.0
50.0
54.5
54.0

24.00
22.25
22.50
23.98
23.76

62.5
60.0
62.5
62.5
56.3
56.3
62.5
56.3
62.5
50.0
58.8
62.5
60.0

27.50
26.70
27.50
27.50
27.00
24.75
27.50
21.75
27.50
22.00
25.85
27.50
26.40

50.0
62.5
62.5
55.0
56.3
65.0

22.00
27.50
27.50
24.20
27.00
28.60

50.0
62.5
62.5
55.0
56.3
12 65.0

22.00
27.50
27.50
24.20
27.00
28.60

44
44
44
44
48
44

62.5
70.0
62.5
70.0

27.50
30.80
27.50
30.80

62.5
70.0
62.5
70.0

27.50
30.80
27.50
30.80

44
44
44
44

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...........
Baltimore, Md.......
Jacksonville, Fla. •
Richmond, Va......
Washington, D. C .

48
44|
45
44
44

North Central.
Chicago, 111................
Cincinnati, Ohio........
Cleveland, Ohio.........
Detroit, Mich.............
Grand Rapids, Mich..
Indianapolis, Ind^....
Kansas City .M o........
Milwaukee. W is.........
Minneapolis, M inn....
Peoria, 111..................
Omaha, Nebr.............
St. Louis, Mo.............
St. Paul, Minn...........

*1
2
2

<
3

22
2
2
2
2
2
2

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala..
Dallas, Tex...........
Houston, Tex....... *
Little Rock, A rk ..
Louisville, Ky.......
Memphis, Tenn___
Western*
Denver, Colo.............
Portland, Oreg..........
Salt Lake City, Utah.
San Francisco, Cal_
_
1 Work prohibited




* And on Saturday afternoon.

UNION* SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

129

A.—
UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T a b le

METAL TRADES.
BLACKSMITHS.
May 1,1915.
Rate of wages—

May 1,1914.

Hoursof
labor—

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
days
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full fulL
hour. full
day. time. holi­
day. time.
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byNorth Atlantic.
Boston. Mass.:
Railroad shops, road A . . ...
. Railroad shops, road B . . ...
Buffalo, N. Y . . . . . ...................
New Haven, Conn.: Bailroad
shops......................................
New York, N. Y .: Manufactur­
ing shops................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops..........
Locomotive shops...............
Hammermen, locomoti
shops...........................

as. Dotts.
28.5 15.39
30.5 16.17
50.0 27.00

as. Dolls.

153
53
54

28.5
30.5
50.0

15.39
16.17
27.00

153
53
54

28.5

15.39

153

28.5

15.39

153

44.4

24.00

153

44.4 24.00

153

37.5
32.5

18.00
16.25

48
50

37.5
32.5

18.00
16.25

48
50

80.0

40.00

50

80.0 40.00

50

37.5

20.25

54

37.5

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops.............................. .
Bailroad shops, roads A, B,
and C...............................
Railroad shops, road E .......
Charleston, S. C.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................
Railroad shops, road A .......
Railroad shops, road B .......
Jacksonville. Fla.:
Railroad shops, road C—
Heavy fires, locomotive
work..........................
Light fires, locomotive
work..........................
Light fires, car w ork....
Railroad shops, road D . . . . .
Richmond, Va.:
Manufacturing shops..........
Locomotive shops...............
Hammermen, locomotive
shops................................
Railroad shops, road A .......
Railroad shops, road B .......
Bailroad shops, road C........

36.0
40.5
33.0

19.44
19.44
17.82

20.25

54

41.0 22.14
35.0 18.90

41.0 22.14
35.0 18.90

54
54

19.44
19.44
17.82

54
48
54

36.0
40.5
33.0

43.0 23.22

43.0 23.22

54

41.0 22.14
32.0 17.28
43.0 23.22

41.0 22.14
32.0 17.28
43.0 23.22

54
54
54

32.5
32.5

32.5
32.5

17.88
16.25

50

12 70.0 35.00
36.9 19.90
41.0 22.14
40.0 21.60

50
54
54
54

17.88
16.25

70.0 35.00
36.9 19.90
41.0 22.14
40.0 21.60

North Central.
Chicago, HI.:
Manufacturing shops, union
A ...................................... 43.2 21.38
Manufacturing shops, union
B...................................... 45.0 19.80
i Work 53 hours, paid for 54.

30001°— Bull. 194—10------ 9




49*

43.2

21.38

45.0 19.80
8 44
* For first 2 hours; double time thereafter.

44

130

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T ab le

METAL TRADES—Continued.
BLACKSMITHS—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
days
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

Hours of
labor—

North Central—Continued.
Chicago, 111.—Concluded.
Hammermen, manufactur­ Cts. Dolls.
as. Dolls.
ing shops......................... 60.0 29.70
12 60.0 29.70
9 49*
Outside............................... 75.0 33.00
12 68.8 30.25
8 44
Railroad shops, roads A , B,
C .a n d D .*..*................ . 41.0 22.14
41.0 22.14
9 54
Railroad shops, road E ....... 41.0 22.14
9 54
40.0 21.60
Railroad shops, road F ....... 40.0 21.60
9 54
40.0 21.60
Hammermen, railroad shops 52.5 28.35
9 54 ........ 52.5 28.35
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Manufacturing shops----35.0 19.25
10 55
35.0 19.25
Railroad shops, road B ..
33.5 18.09
33.5 18.09
9 54 ♦
Railroad shops, road D ..
35.0 21.00
10 60
35.0 21.00
Railroad shops, road E ..
30.0 16.20
9 54
30.0 16.20
Indianapolis. Ind.:
Manufacturing shops----35.0 18.90
9 54
35.0 18.90
Railroad shops, road B ..
34.5 18.63
9 54
34.5 18.63
Railroad shops, road C ..
32.5 17.55
9 54
32.5 17.55
Kansas City. Mo.:
Railroad shops, road A ..
36.0 19.44
9 54
36.0 19.44
' Railroad shops, road B ----- 35.0 16.80
8 48
35.0 18.90
Railroad shops, road C....... 35.0 18.90
9 54
35.0 18.90
Railroad shops, first fire,
road D ............................ 41.0 22.14
9 54
41.0 22.14
Railroad shops, freight fire,
road D ............................ 39.0 21.06
9 54
39.0 21.06
Railroad shops, road E—
First fire...................... 45.0 24.25
9 253
45.0 24.25
9 253
43.0 23.17
Second fire.................. 43.0 23.17
Light fire..................... 36.0 19.40
9 253
36.0 19.40
Railroad shops, road F ___ 39.0 21.01
9 253
39.0 21.01
Railroad shops, road H—
Frame fire................... 44.0 23.76
9 54
44.0 23.76
42.5 22.95
Second fire.................... 42.5 22.95
9 54
Heavy car fire, or engine
41.5 22.41
fire, or tool fire........... 41.5 22.41
9 54
Ordinary fire................ 34.5 18.63
9 54
34.5 18.63
Milwaukee, Wis.:
5 31.5 16.07
9 350
Railroad shops.................... 31.5 16.07
Forging machine, railroad
5 30.0 15.30
9 *50
shops................................ 30.0 15.30
Trip-hammermen, railroad
5 30.5 15.56
9 #50
shops................................ 30.5 15.56
5 37.5 19.13
Hammermen, railroad shops 37.5 19.13
9 »50
Minneapolis. Minn.:
Railroad shops, road A—
44.5 22.70
5 44.5 22.70
Heavy fire................
9 350
5 .43.0 21.93
Second fire...............
43.0 21.93
9 850
41.5 21.17
General fire..............
9 850
5 41.5 21.17
39.5 20.15
5 39.5 20.15
General fire..............
9 350
General fire..............
5 38.0 19.38
38.0 19.38
9 350
5 37.0 18.87
General car fire........
9 850
37.0 18.87
i For first 2 hours; double time thereafter.
* Work 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.
9 Work 50 hours, paid for 51; 53 hours, paid for 54, October to April, inclusive.




9
8

49}
44

9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54

10
9
10
9

55
54
60
54

9
9
9

54
54
54

9
9
9

* 54
54
54

9

54

9

54

9
9
9
9

253
253
253
253

9
9

54
54

9
9

54
54

9

350

9

850

9
9

850
850

9
9
9
9
9
9

850
350
850
850
350
850

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

131

T a b l e A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
BLACKSMITHS—Continued.
May 1,1915.
Rate of wages-

Geographical division and city.

Sun­
Over­ days
and
time. holi­
Per
days.
Per week,
hour. full
time.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by-

May 1,1914.

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
Num­
ber
of
mos.
with
Satur­
Per Per Per
Per Per day Per
full week, half- hour. week, full week,
full
full
full
day. time. holitime. day. time.
Hoursof
labor—

North Central—Concluded.
Minneapolis. Minn.—Concluded.
Railroad shops, road B—
as. Dais.
as. Dolls.
Big fire.......................... 44.5 22.70
150
44.5 22.70
Spring fire..................... 42.0 21.42
150
42.0 21,42
Tool fire........................ 41.5 21.17
150
41.5 21.17
General fire................... 41.0 20.91
150
41.0 20.91
Mixed fire..................... 38.5 19.64
38.5 19.64
150
Light fire...................... 36.0 18.36
150
36.0 18.36
Railroad shops, road C—
Big fire.......................... 46.0 23.46
150
46.0 23.46
Spring fire..................... 44.0 22.44
150
44.0 22.44
Tool fire........................ 43.5 22.19
43.5 22.19
150
General fire................... 43.0 21.93
150
43.0 21.93
Mixed fire........ ............ 41.0 20.91
150
41.0 20.91
Light fire....................... 39.0 19.89
39.0 19.89
150
Omaha, Nebr.:
Railroad shops, road A ....... 41.0 22.14
54
41.0 22.14
Railroad shops, road B ....... 40.0 21.55
8 53
40.0 21.55
Peoria, 111.: Railroad shops....... 39.0 19.50
12 39.0 19.50
50
St. Louis, Mo.:
Manufacturing shops___
54
33.3 18.00
33.3 18.00
Outside..........................
44
65.0 28.60
12 65.0 28.60
Railroad shops, road A ..
41.5 22.36
41.5 22.36
Railroad shops, road B—
First fir e ................
*53
45.0 24.25
45.0 24.25
Second fire...............
43.0 23.17
43.0 23.17
* 53
Miscellaneous fire___
40.0 21.55
40.0 21.55
Light fire..................
36.0 19.40
36.0 19.40
Railroad shops, road C—
Big fire.....................
46.5 25.11
46.5 25.11
Second fire...............
42.0 22.68
42.0 22.68
Miscellaneous fires...,
41.0 22.14
41.0 22.14
Miscellaneous fires...,
39.0 21.06
39.0 21.06
Light fire...................
39.5 21.33
39.5 21.33
Car fire..................... .
34.5 18.63
34.5 18.63
Railroad shops, road E ....... 41.0 22.14
41.0 22.14
Railroad shops, roads F, G,
and I ............................... 40.0 21.60
40.0 21.60
Railroad shops, road H ___ 41.5 22.41
41.5 22.41
St. Paul, Minn.:
Railroad shops, road A—
First heavy fire............. 46.0 23.46
150
46.0 23.46
Second heavy fire___
150
44.0 22.44
44.0 22.44
General fires.............
150
43.0 21.93
43.0 21.93
Railroad shops, road B—
First heavy fire........
46.0 23.46
46.0 23.46
150
Second heavy fire....
44.0 22.44
150
44.0 22.44
General fires.............
150
43.0 21.93
43.0 21.93
General fires...........
41.0 20.91
41.0 20.91
150
General car fire........
38.0 19.38
38.0 19.38
150
Railroad shops, road C—
Heavy fire................ .
43.0 21.93
43.0 21.93
150
Tool fire................... .
41.0 20.91
41.0 20.91
150
General fires.............
40.0 20.40
40.0 20.40
150
General car fire........ .
39.0 19.89
150
39.0 19.89
Mixed fires............... .
38.5 19.64
38.5 19.64
150
i Work 50 hours, paid for 51; 53 hours, j aid for 54, October to April, inclusive,
8 Work 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 5 minutes.




150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
54
54
50
54
44
853
8 53
853
853
853
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
150

132

BULLETIN OE THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
*
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T a ble

METAL TRADES—Continued.
BLACKSMITHS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Bate of
Hours of
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
days
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Bate of wages—

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops.................. : ............
Railroad shops, road A ----Railroad shops, roads B, D,
E .a n d F .:............. .
Railroad shops, road C. . . . ,
Dallas, Tex.: Railroad shops...
Little Rock, Ark.:
Railroad shops, road A ----Flue welders.......................
Car work.............................
Railroad shops, road B—
First fire.......................
Second fire....................
Miscellaneous fires or
forging machines...... .
Light fire..................... .
Hammermen................
Bulldozer hammermen,
Memphis, Tenn.
Railroad shops—
Frame fire...............
Engine fire.............
Car fire....................
New Orleans, La.:
Manufacturing shops. . .
Railroad shops, road B .
Railroad shops, road C.
Railroad shops, road D .

Cts. Dolls.
39.0 23.40
37.5 22.50

60

Cts. Dolls.
39.0 23.40
37.5 22.50

41.0 22.14
39.5 23.70
26.0 14.04

54
60
54

41.0 22.14
39.5 23.70
26.0 14.04

54
60
54

22.90
21.82
16.97

153
153
153

42.5 22.90
40.5 21.82
31.5 16.97

153
153
153

45.0 24.25
43.0 23.17

153
153

45.0 24.25
43.0 23.17

153
153

40.0 21.55
36.0 19.40
35.0 18.86
33.5 18.05

153
153
153
153

40.0 21.55
36.0 19.40
35.0 18.86
33.5 18.05

153
153
153
153

42.5
40.5
31.5

24.00

54

44.4

24.00

54

44.0 23.76
42.5 22.95
30.0 16.20

54
54
54

44.0
42.5
30.0

23.76
22.95
16.20

54
54
54

36.1 19.50
41.5 22.41
43.5 23.49
41.0 22.14

54
54
2 53
54

36.1 19.50
41.5 22.41
43.5 23.49
41.0 22.14

54
54
* 53
54

40.0 21.60
42.5 20.40
41.5 22.41

54
48
54

45.0 24.30

54

44.7

21.46

43

48.6
47.5
47.5
46.0

23.30
22.78
22.78
22.08

48
48
48
48

44.7 21.46
42.0 20.16

48
48

48 ........ 50.0 24.00

48

44.4

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops............................... 40.0 21.60
Railroad shops, road A ___ 42.5 20.40
Railroad shops, road B ....... 41.5 22.41
Portland, Oreg.: Manufacturing
45.0 24.30
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................ 44.7 21.46
Railroad shops—
First fire....................... 48.6 23.30
Head spring fire.......... . 47.5 22.78
Second fire.................... 47.5 22.78
Third fire...................... 46.0 22.08
Bulldozer and forging
machines.................. . 44.7 21.46
Bolt makers................ . 42.0 20.16
San Francisco, Cal.: Manufac­
turing shops.......................... . 50.0 24.00
i Work 53 hours, paid for 53 h )urs and 53 minutes.




a Work 53 hours, paid for 54.

133

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—
-Continued.

T able

METAL TRADES—Continued.
BLACKSMITHS9 HELPERS.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
days
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full
hour. full
full
day. time. holi­
day. timft,
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byNorth Atlantic.
Boston. Mass.:
Railroad shops, road A ----Railroad shops, road B ----Buffalo, N .Y ............ ............. .
New Haven, Conn.: Bailroad
shops.......... .........................
New York, N. Y .:
Manufacturing shops, A ----Manufacturing shops, B ----Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops----Locomotive shops..........

Cts. Dolls.
21.0 11.34
23.5 12.46
27.5 14.85

1l
1*
if

21.0 11.34

li
li
li

9 153
9 53
9 54

Cts. DoUs.
21.0 11.34
23.5 12.46
27.5 14.85

9
9
9

153
53
54

If

n

9 153

21.0

11.34

9

153

27.6
27.8

14.88
15.00

ii

2f
2

9 153
9 54

27.6
27.8

14.88
15.00

9
9

153
54

28.1
28.1

13.50
14.06

ii

2
2

8
9

48
50

28.1
“ *i2* 28.1

13.50
14.06

8
48
9 ♦ 50

16.5

8.91

if

n

9

54

16.5

8.91

South Atlantic.
Jacksonville, Fla.: Railroad
shops......................................

9

54

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Manufacturing shops, Union

2
9 49*
12 32.4 16.04
9
35.0 17.33 *i*
49*
Manufacturing shops, Union
8
2
8 44
12 35.0 15.40
44
B...................................... 35.0 15.40 %1i
8
2
8 44
12 56.3 24.75
44
Outside............................... 62.5 27.50
ii
Bailroad shops, roads A , B,
28.0 15.12
9
9 54
C, and E ........................... 28.0 15.12
54
n
H
Bailroad shops, roads D
9 54
27.0 14.58
9
54
and F .......... .................... 28.0 15.12
n
n
Cincinnati, Ohio:
10 55
12 22.5 12.38
10
55
Manufacturing shops.......... 22.5 12.38
li
if
i|
20.0 10.80
9
54
9 54
Bailroad shops, road B ....... 20.0 10.80
if
10 60
20.0 12.00
10
60
Railroad shops, road D ....... 20.0 12.00
ii
if
9 54
16.0 8.64
9
54
Railroad shops, road E ....... 16.0 8.64
if
if
Indianapolis. Ind.:
9 54
18.0 9.72
9
54
Manufacturing shops.......... 18.0 9.72
9 54
20.5 11.07
9
54
Bailroad shops.................... 20.5 11.07
li
ii
Kansas City, Mo.:
U
9 54
19.0 10.26
9
54
Bailroad shops, road A ....... 19.0 10.26
if
8 48
20.0 10.80
9
54
Bailroad shops, road B ....... 20.0 9.60
if
if
9 54
19.5 10.53
9
54
Bailroad shops, road C....... 19.5 10.53
if
li
Bailroad shops, first fire,
9 54
26.0 14.04
9
54
road D .............................. 26.0 14.04
n
if
Bailroad shops, freight fire,
9 54
26.0 14.04
9
54
road D .............................. 26.0 14.04
n
if
Railroad shops, road E—
u
28.0 15.09
9 *53
9 *53
First fire....................... 28.0 15.09
if
1*
25.5 13.74
9 *53
9 *53
Second fire.................... 25.5 13.74
i|
u
24.0 12.93
9 *53
9 *53
Light fires..................... 24.0 12.93
if
26.0 14.01
9 *53
9 *53
Railroad shops, road F ....... 26.0 14.01
li
If
Railroad shops, road H—
9
54
26.0 14.04
9 54
Second fire.................... 26.0 14.04
1*
If
u
9
54
24.5 13.23
9 54
Heavy car fire or tool fire 24.5 13.23
li
23.5 12.69
9
54
9 54 ........
23.5 12.69
Ordinary fire............
1*
li
* Work 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.
i Work 53 hours, paid for 54.
s For first 2 hours; double time thereafter.




134

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
BLACKSMITHS' HELPERS—Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
wages—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
days
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourlyrate
multiplied
by—
Rate of wages-

Hours of
labor—

North Central—Concluded.
Milwaukee, Wis.:

Cts. Dolls.
Os. DoUs.
22.0 11.22
9 150
1}
1}
5 22.0 11.22
Hammermen’s helpers, rail­
road shops........................ 23.0 11.73
9 >50
5 23.0 11.73
1*
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Railroad shops, road B—
i;
Big fir e ....................... 26.0 13.26
9 150
5 26.0 13.26
Big fir e ........................ 25.5 13.01
i\
9 150
5 25.5 13.01
General fire................... 24.5 12.50
i]
9 150
5 24.5 12.50
Railroad shops, road C—
Big fire.......................... 27.5 14.03
i]
9 150
5 27.5 14.03
Spring fire..................... 25.5 13.01
i]
9 150
5 25.5 13.01
General fire................... 24.5 12.50
11
9 150
5 24.5 12.50
Omaha, Nebr.: Railroad shops.. 24.0 12.93
24.0 12.93
V
9 *53
Peoria, 111.: Railroad shops....... 23.0 11.50
l]
9
50
12 23.0 11.50
St. Louis, Mo.:
Manufacturing shops.......... 23.0 12.42
n
1]
9
23.0 12.42
54
Outside................................ 40.0 17.60
2
8
44
12 40.0 17.60
lj\
Railroad shops, road A ....... 23.0 12.39
23.0 12.39
9 253
ll
Railroad shops, road B—
lj
iiI
First fire........................ 28.0 15.09
9 253
28.0 15.09
i\[
\
Second fire.................... 25.5 13.74
9 *53
25.5 13.74
Miscellaneous fires or
n
ii
light fire..................... 24.5 13.20
9 *53
24.5 13.20
Railroad shops, road C-*1
3
9
Bigfire.......................... 29.0 15.66
29.0 15.66
54
1
Second fire.................... 27.5 14.85
9
54
27.5 14.85
1;
Miscellaneous fires........ 26.5 14.31
26.5 14.31
9
54
11
26.0 14.04
Miscellaneous fires........ 26.0 14.04
9
54
1
Car fire.......................... 25.5 13.77
9
25.5 13.77
54
1
Car fire.......................... 25.0 13.50
9
25.0 13.50
54
Railroad shops, road E ....... 24.5 13.23
1
9
54
24.5 13.23
Railroad shops, road F ....... 23.5 12.69
lj
23.5 12.69
9
54
Railroad shops, roads G and
1]I
lj
9
H ............... ..................... 25.0 13.50
25.0 13.50
54
Railroad shops, road I ........ 24.0 12.96
9
54
24.0 12.96
lj[
i
St. Paul, Minn.:
li
Railroad shops, road A ....... 28.5 14.54
9 150
5 28.5 14.54
lj
Railroad shops, road A ....... 28.0 14.28
9 150
5 28.0 14.28
1r
Railroad shops, road A ....... 26.5 13.52
9 150
5 26.5 13.52
1
Railroad shops, road B ....... 27.5 14.03
9 150
5 27.5 14.03
1
Railroad shops, road B ....... 21.5 12.50
9 150
1; r
5 24.5 12.50
Railroadshops,roads B and
C................ ..................... 25.5 13.01
9 150
1
3
1
1
5 25.5 13.01
Railroad shops, road C........ 24.0 12.24
9 150
5 24.0 12.24
UE ii\
i Work 50 hours, paid for 51; 53 hours, paid for 54, October to April, inclusive.
* Work 53 hours, paid for 53 hours ana 53 minutes.




9

150

9

150

9
9
9

150
150
150

9
9
9
9
9

150
150
150
*53
50

9
8
9

54
44
*53

9
9

*53
253

9

253

9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

9
9

54
54

9
9
9
9
9

150
150
150
150
150

9
9

150
150

135

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
BLACKSMITHS9 HELPERS-Conduded.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.
Rate of wages—

Hoursof
labor—

Rate of

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
days
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time.
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
bySouth Central.
little Rock, Ark.:
Railroad shops, car work,
road A.............................
Railroad shops, car work,
road A..............................
Railroad shops, road B ___
New Orleans, La.:
Manufacturing shops......... .
Railroad shops, road B ___
Railroad shops, road C...... .
Railroad shops, road D ___

24.5

as.

Dolls.
13.20

153

24.5

as.

Dolls.
13.20

23.5
24.0

12.66
12.93

153
153

23.5
24.0

12.66
12.93

9
9

153
153

25.0
20.0
25.5
23.0

13.50
10.80
13.77
12.42

54

25.0
20.0
25.5
23.0

13.50
10.80
13*77
12.42

9
9
. 9
9

54
54
*53
54

153

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................
Railroad shops, road A .......
Railroad shops, road B .......
Portland, Oreg.: Manufacturing
and jobbing shops..................
San Francisco, Cal.: Manufac­
turing shops...........................

25.0 13.50
29.0 13.92
28.0 15.12

25.0 13.50
29.0 13.92
28.0 15.12

54
48
54

27.8

15.00

27.8

15.00

54

37.5

18.00

37.5

18.00

48

32.1
53.1
28.5
30.5

17.33
25.50
15.39
16.17

9
8
9
9

54
48
*53
53

36.0 19.44
50.0 27.00
30.0 18.00
28.0 16.80
34.0 20.40

9
9
10
10
10

54
54
60
60
60

27.0
34.0

16.20
18.36

10
9

60
54

28.5

15.39

9

*53

38.9 21.00
62.5 27.50
46.9 20.63
41.7 22.50

9
8
8
9

54
44
44
54

BOILER MAKERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
2
Manufacturing shops......... . 32.1 17.33
9
54
2
Outside.............................. . 53.1 25.50 * lf
8
48
Railroad shops, road A ___ 28.5 15.39
if
9 *53
Railroad shops, road B ___ 30.5 16.17
9
53
if
if
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Manufacturing shops.......... 36.0 19.44 41* * 1|
54
9
54
Outside.............................. . 50.0 27.00
9
if
if
Railroad shops, road A ___ 30.0 18.00
60
10
if
if
Railroad shops, road B ___ 28.0 16.80
60
10
if
if
Railroad shops, road C...... . 34.0 20.40
1
10
60
Railroad shops, roads D
and F ............................... 27.0 16.20
10
60
1i
1|
54
Railroad shops, road E ..... 34.0 18.36
9
ll
If
New Haven, Conn.: Railroad
9 *53
shops...................................... 28.5 15.39
11
n
New York, N. Y .:
54
2
9
Manufacturing shops.......... 38.9 21.00
n
44
2
12
2
8
Outside............................... 62.5 27.50
2
2
8
44
12
Outside, marine work......... 46.9 20.63
54
2
2
9
Inside, marine work........... 41.7 22.50
i Work 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.
* Work 53 hours, paid for 54.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* On new work; on old work, double time.




136

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A. — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
BOILER MAKERS—
Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hoursof
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
days
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per Per Per
week,
days. Per week, day Per week, full week.
full full half­ hour. full
hour. full
full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byNorth Atlantic—Concluded.
Philadelphia, ;Pa.:
Manufacturing shops..........
Outside........ .....................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
. Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................
O utside..i..........................
Railroad shops....................
Rochester, N .Y .:
Jobbing shops.....................
Railroad shops....................

44

40.0 21.60
50.0 <24.00
36.0 19.44

*3
62
11

50.0 •27.00
28.5 17.10

li

10

Cts. DoUs.
33.3 16.33
50.0 22.00

49
44

54
<48
54

Cts. Dolls.
33.3 16.33
50.0 22.00

40.0 21.60
50.0 <24.00
36.0 19.44

54
<48
54

•54

50.0 •27.00
28.5 17.10

•54
60

35.0 18.90
40.0 21.60
41.0 22.14

54
54
54

30.6 16.50
50.0 24.00

54
48

36.1 19.50
41.0 22.14
40.5 21.87

54
54
54

40.0 21.60
43.5 23.49

54
54

22.28

54

41.0 22.14
40.5 21.87

54
54

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops...............................
Locomotive shops...............
. Railroad shops....................
Baltimore, Md.:
Manufacturing shops..........
Outside...............................
Charleston, S. C.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................
Railroad shops, road A .......
Railroad shops, road B .......
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
Railroad shops..................
Richmond, Va.:
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, roads B
and D .............................
Railroad shops, road C......

35.0 18.90
40.0 21.60
41.0 22.14
30.6 16.50
50.0 24.00
36.1 19.50
41.0 22.14
40.5 21.87

11

1!
12

72

1
1

40.0 21.60
43.5 23.49
41.3

22.28

41.0 22.14
40.5 21.87

54

41.3

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
54
40.0 21.60
54
shops................................ 40.0 21.60
2
44
Outside............................... 62.5 27.50
62.5 27.50
44
2
Cincinnati, Ohio:
49|
35.0 17.33
Manufacturing shops.......... 35.0 17.33
m
48
48
45.0 21.60
Outside............................... 50.0 24.00
i For Labor Day, hourly rate multiplied by 3.
•On new work, hourly rate multiplied by 1£; after 4 p. m. on Saturday, by 2. On repair work, hourly
rate multiplied by 2; after 4 p. m. on Saturday, by 2*.
a On repair work; on new work, hourly rate multiplied by 2. For Labor Day, hourly rate multiplied
by 4.
<44 hours and $22 per week, June to August, inclusive.
•For Labor Day and repair work, hourly rate multiplied by 3.
•50 hours and $25 per week, June to August, inclusive.
i Work on Labor Day prohibited.
• On new work; on repair work, double time.




137

UNION SCALE OB WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
BOILER MAKERS—Continued.
May 1,1915*

May 1,,1914.

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Per Per
Per Per Satur­
Per week,
days. fuU week, day Per week, fuU week,
hour. fuU
full half­ hour. full
fulP
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Rate of wages—

Hours of
labor—

North Central—Continued.
Cincinnati. Ohio—
Concluded.
Outside, tanks, and smoke­ a s. Dolls.
8 48
2
2
stacks............................... 62.5 30.00
9 501
Railroad shops, road B ....... 36.5 18.37
li
ij
9 54
Railroad shops, road D ....... 36.0 19.44
l
M
Cleveland, Ohio:
2
9 1491
Manufacturing shops.......... 35.0 U7.33
l*
32
2
O utside.............................. 50.0 *22.00
8 844
11
li
Railroad shops, road A ....... 35.5 19.17
9 54
li
li
Railroad shops, road B ....... 34.0 18.36
9 54
li
li
9 54
Railroad shops, road C....... 36.5 19.71
Detroit, Mich.:
10 55
Manufacturing shops.......... 40.0 22.00
H 82
2
8 48
82
Outside............................... 62.5 30.00
10 60
Railroad shops, road A ....... 35.0 21.00
li
li
lj
Railroad shops, road C....... 34.0 20.40
10 60
li
Railroad shops, road D ....... 38.0 22.80
li
li
10 60
Grand Rapids, Mich.: Railroad
shops...................................... 27.5 15.13
1
10 55
11
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................ *35.0 17.50
li
2
9 50
li
Outside............................... ^50.0 24.00
2
8 48
Railroad shops, road B ....... 37.5 20.25
lj
9 54
li
Railroad shops, road C....... 37.0 19.98
li
9 54
lj[
Kansas City, Mo.:
9 54
Manufacturing shops........... 40.0 21.60 611
2
2
2
Outside............... ............... 56.3 27.00
8 48
Railroad shops, roads A, C,
1
9 54
1
3
and D ............................... 41.0 22.14
Railroad shops, road B ....... 39.0 18.72
1
8 48
1\
:
1
1
Railroad shops, road E ....... 41.5 22.36
9 753
Railroad shops, road P ....... 41.0 22.09
li
li
9 *53
Railroad shops, road H ...... 41.5 22.41
1
1
9 54
Railroad shops, roads I and
J ...................................... 40.0 21.60
1I
3
9 54
1
3
Railroad shops, road K ....... 40.5 21.87
i li[ 9 54
Milwaukee, W is.:
Manufacturing shops.......... 35.0 19.25 • 1
10 55
1 2
2
2
Outside............................... 62.5 30.00
8 48
Railroad shops.................... 41.5 21.17
9 850
li
li
8 56
Railroad shops, roundhouse 41.5 23.24
li[
1]
Minneapolis, Minn.:
1
3
li
9 850
Railroad shops, road A ....... 43.0 21.93
li
li
9 850
Railroad shops, road B ....... 43.5 22.19
li
9 850
Railroad shops, road C........ 35.0 17.85
li
Omaha, Nebr.:
1
2
9 54
Railroad shops, road A ....... 41.5 22.41
lj
li
9 *53
Railroad shops, road B ....... 41.5 22.36 1 ll
*54 hours and $18.90 per week, October to April, inclusive.
* 48 hours and $24 per week. October to April, inclusive.
9 Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* Scale became 40 cents on July 1,1915.
» Scale became 65 cents on July 1 .1915.
* On new work; on repair work, double time.
7 Work 53 hours; paid lor 53 hours and 53 minutes.
8 Work 50 hours, paid for 51; 53 hours, paid for 54, October to




a s.
60.0
1 36.5
34.5

Dolls.
28.80
19.71
20.70

8
9
10

48
54
60

5 35.0 *17.33
5 50.0 *22.00
35.5 19.17
34.0 18.36
36.5 19.71

9
8
9
9
9

149|
*4?
54
54
54

12 40.0
62.5
35.0
34.0
38.0

22.00
30.00
21.00
20.40
22.80

10
8
10
10
10

55
48
60
60
60

12 27.5

15.13

10

55

12 35.0 17.50
50.0 24.00
36.5 19.71
36.0 19.44

9
8
9
9

50
48
54
54

40.0 21.60
56.3 27.00

9
8

54
48

22.14
21.06
22.36
22.09
22.41

9
9
9
9
9

54
54
753
7 53
54.

40:0 21.60
40.5 21.87

9
9

54
54

12 35.0 19.25
62.5 30.00
5 41.5 21.17
41.5 23.24

10
8
9
8

55
48
850
56

5 43.0 21.93
5 43.5 22.19
5 35.0 17.85

9
9
9

850
850
850

41.5 22.41
41.5 22.36

9
9

54
753

41.0
39.0
41.5
41.0
41.5

April, inclusive.

138

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T able

METAL TRADES—Continued.
BOILER MAKERS—Continued.
May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
wages—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full
hour. lull
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
days.
Hourlyrate
multiplied
byRate of wages-

Hours of
labor—

I I I

May 1, 1915.

Per
week.
fuU
time.

North Central—Concluded.
Peoria, 111.:
Manufacturing shops.........
Railroad shops, road A ....
Railroad shops, road B ....
Railroad shops, road C......
Railroad shops, road D .......
St. Louis, Mo.:
Manufacturing shops..........
Outside............ ..................
Railroad shops, road A .......
Railroad shops, road B .......
Railroad shops, road C........
St. Paul, Minn.:
Railroad shops, roads A and
C ••••..•••••••••••••••••••
Railroad shops, road D .......

Cts.
40.0
41.0
42.0
39.0
39.0

Dons.
21.60
22.14
22.68
21.06
19.50

40.0
45.0
41.5
42.5
42.5

U9.80
22.28
22.41
22.90
22.95

44.5 22.70
40.0 24.00

9
9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54
59

i49i
8 44
54
153
54

4 40,0 U9.80
4 45.0 22.28
41.5 22.41
42.5 22.90
42.5 22.95

9
8
9
9
9

149|
*44
54
<53
54

650
60

5 44.5 22.70
40.0 24.00

9
10

•50
60

10

60

10
9

60
54

9
10

54
60

9

54

9
9

54
54

9
9

494
53}

9
9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54
50

*13r *14
*1
*i f
1
3
1}
1
li
1
li

9
8
9
9
9
9
10

1
|
•ljE

If
li

a s.
40.0
41.0
42.0
39.0
12 39.0

Dotts.
21.60
22.14
22.68
21.06
19.50

2
li
if
li
li

2
li
1
1
l\

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
2
shops................................ 40.0 24.00
10
60
40.0 24.00
li
Sheet-milland blast-furnace
work................................ 37.5 22.50
10
60
37.5 22.50
1
3
li
Railroad shops, road A ....... 39.0 21.06
9
54
39.0 21.06
H
f
li
Railroad shops, roads B,
9
54
E. F, and G..................... 41.0 22.14
41.0 22.14
1\
Railroad shops, road C....... 41.0 24.60
10
41.0 24.60
60
li
liJ
Railroad shops, roads D
54
andH .............................. 42.5 22.95
9
42.5 22.95
li
li
Pallas, Tex.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
2
9
54
shops................................ 43.5 23.49
43.5 23.49
H
9
54
Railroad shops.................... 42.0 22.68
42.0 22.68
li\
li
Houston, Tex.:
2
2
9
12 42.0 20.79
Manufacturing shops.......... 42.0 20.79
9
Railroad shops.................... 42.0 22.47 • li
42.0 22.47
li
$
Little Rock, Ark.:
Manufacturing shops.......... 42.5 25.50
10
60
42.5 25.50
1
1
If
Railroad shops.................... 42.5 22.90
9 *53
42.5 22.90
H
if
Railroad shops, roundhouse^nightwork............ 42.5 25.34
42.5 25.34
li
li
Ǥ *57
Louisville. K y.:
54
2
9
32.0 17.28
Manufacturing shops.......... 32.0 17.28
14
2
2
8
44
Outside............................... 50.0 22.00
12 50.0 22.00
1
3
8
48
41.0 22.14
Railroad shops, road A ....... 41.0 19.68
54 ........ 38.0 20.52
9
Railroad shops, road G ....... 39.0 21.06
li
li
*55 hours and $21.60 per week, September to April, inclusive.
* On new work; on repair work, double time.
s Work 44 hours, paid for 49£; 43 hours, paid for 54, September to April, inclusive.
<Work 53 hours; paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.
* Work 50 hours, paid 51; 53 hours, paid for 54, October to April, inclusive.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
t Work 57 hours, paid for 59 hours and 37 minutes.




10
9
9§
9
8
9
9

60
<53
*57
54
44
54
54

UNION' SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOB, MAY 1,1915.

139

T a b l e A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
BOILER MAKERS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
Rate of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourlyrate
multiplied
by—
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

South Central—Concluded.
Cts.
Memphis, Term.:
Manufacturing shops........... 41.0
Railroad shops, roads A and
42.5
Railroadsshops, road B II. 1 42.5
New Orleans, La.:
Manufacturing shops......... . 38.9
Outside.............................. . 44.4
Railroad shops, road B ..... 41.0
Railroad shops, road C...... . 43.5

li

2

9

54

a s. DoUs.
41.0 22.14

9

54

H

1|

9
9

54
54

42.5 22.95
41.0 22.14

9
9

54
54

21.00
24.00
22.14
23.49

2
2

2
2

If

i£
if

9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54

38.9
44.4
41.0
43.5

21.00
24.00
22.14
23.49

9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54

41.0 22.14
41.0 19.68
41.0 19.68

li

li

if
if

if
if

9
8
8

54
48
48

41.0 22.14
41.0 19.68
41.0 22.14

9
8
9

54
48
54

44.4 24.00
50.0 24.00

i£
ii

ii

9
8

54
48

44.4 24.00
50.0 24.00

9
8

54
48

43.0 23.22
43.0 *20.64

1J
if

if

9
8

54
148

43.0 23.22
4 43.0 120.64

9
8

54
148

if

2
2

8
8

48
48

50.0 24.00
62.5 30.00

8
8

48
48

2
2
If

8
8
9
9

48
48
54
54

50.0
56.3
45.5
34.2

24.00
27.00
24.57
18.46

8
8
9
9

48
48
54
54

if

9
9

54
54

45.5 24.57
45.5 24.57

9
9

54
54

23.3 12.60
25.0 12.00
22.0 11.88
22.0 11.66

9
8
9
9

54
48
* 53
53

23.5 12.69
9
9 <53
23.5 12.69
ii
ii
*44 hours and $18.92 per week, January to April, inclusive.
* On new work until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter and double time on repair work.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* Work 53 hours, paid for 54.

453

Dolls.
22.14
22.95
22.95

li

li

If

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road B .......
Portland, Oreg.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................
Outside.............................. .
Salt Bake City, Utah:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................
Railroad shops....................
San Francisco, Cal.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................
Tank work on buildings_
_
Seattle, Wash.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................
Outside...............................
Railroad shops, road A ____
Railroad shops, road B ___
Spokane, Wash.:
Jobbing shops.....................
Railroad shops....................

50.0 24.00
62.5 30.00
50.0
56.3
45.5
34.2

24.00
27.00
24.57
18.46

* li

46.5 25.11
46.5 25.11

*1}
n l

if
if
if

2

BOILER MAKERS’ HELPERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Manufacturing shops..........
Outside...............................
Railroad shops, road A ......
Railroad shops, road B .......
New Haven, Conn.: Railroad




23.3 12.60
25.0 12.00
22.0 11.88
22.0 11.66

* li

8i f
if
if

2
2
1}
If

9
8
9
9

54
48
<53
53

140

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A,—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
BOILER MAKERS9 HELPERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
Rate of
labor—
Num
ber
of
Sun­
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per Per Per
Per Per Satur­
Per week,
days. full week, day Per week, full week,
full half- hour. full day. fulP
hour. full
day. time. holi­
tfnuft.
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Rate of wages—

Hoars of
labor—

North Atlantic—Concluded.
New York, N. Y .:
Outside.......................
Outside, marine work.
Inside, marine w ork ...
Philadelphia. Pa.:

Os. DoUs.
43.8 19.25
31.3 13.75
28.9 15.60

a s. DoUs.
43.8 19.25
31.3 13.75
28.9 15.60

22.2
Outside............................... 37.5
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shr
25.0
40.0
Rochester, N. Y .: Jobbing
shops.
27.8

44
44
54

10.89
16.50

22.2
37.5

10.89
16.50

49
44

13.50
19.20

25.0
40.0

13.50
19.20

54
48

27.8 515.00

*54

815.00

654

South Atlantic.
Baltimore, Md.:
Outside.........................
Richmond, Va.:
Railroad shops, road A .
Railroad shops, road B .
Railroad shops, road 0 .,

22.2
37.5

12.00
18.00

22.2
37.5

12.00
18.00

54
48

21.5
22.5
21.5

11.61
12.15
11.61

21.5
22.5
21.5

11.61
12.15
11.61

54
54
54

North Central.
Chicago, HI.:
54
54
32.5 17.55
Manufacturing shops.......... 32.5 17.55
2
44
44
50.0 22.00
Outside............... .............. 50.0 22.00
2
Cincinnati, Ohio:
49}
25.0 12.38
49}
Manufacturing shops.......... 25.0 12.38
48
48
32.5 15.60
Outside............................... 37.5 18.00
54
20.0 10.80
Railroad shops.................... 20.0 10.07
m
1*
Cleveland, Ohio:
849}
20.0 89.90
8 49}
Manufacturing shops.......... 20.0 *9.90
.«2
Vt
•44
•44
40.0 •17.60
Outside............................... 40.0 •17.60
Railroad shops, roads A
54
54
20.0 10.80
and B ........ . . . ................. 20.0 10.80
54
54
22.0 11.88
Railroad shops, road C____ 22.0 11.88
Detroit, Mich.:
55
12 27.5 15.13
55
Manufacturing shops.......... 27.5 15.13
48
48
50.0 24.00
Outside............................... 50.0 24.00
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
12 25.0 12.50
shops................................ 25.0 12.50
54
20.0 10.80
Railroad shops, road B ..... 25.0 13.50
54
25.0 13.50
Railroad shops, road B ....... 26.0 14.04
i For Labor Day, hourly rate multiplied by 3.
On repair work, hourly
* On new work, hourly rate multiplied by 1}; after 4 p. m. on Saturday, by
rate multiplied by 2; after 4 p. m. on Saturday, by 2}.
* On repair work; on new work, hourly rate multiplied by 2. For Labor Day, hourly rate multiplied by 4.
4 For Labor Day and repair work, hourly rate multiplied by 3.
* 50 hours and $13.89 per week. June to August, inclusive.
* Work on Labor Day prohibited.
i On new work; on repair work, double time.
8 54 hours and $10.80 per week, October to April, inclusive.
9 48 hours and $19.20 per week, October to April, inclusive.




141

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR, MAY 1 , 1915,

A.—
UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T able

METAL TRADES—Continued.
BOILER MAKERS’ HELPERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Bate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
Per time. hoU- Per Per Satur­
Per Per Per
Per week,
days. full week, day Per week, full week,
hour. full
full half- hour. full day. fuu
time.
time. holi­
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Hours of
labor—

Bate of wages—

North Central—Concluded.
$City, Mo.:
Manufacturing shops..........
Outside...............................
Bailroad shops, roads C,
J .a n d K ...\ ?.............. .
Railroad shops, road D .......
Railroad shops, road E .......
Railroad shops, road F .......
Railroad shops, road H .......
Railroad shops, road I ........
Milwaukee, W is.:
Manufacturing shops..........
Outside...............................
Railroad shops....................
Railroad shops, round house
Minneapolis, Minn.: Bailroad
Omafia.Nebr.: Railroad shops.
Peoria, 111.: Manufacturing shops
St. Louis, Mo.:
Manufacturing shops..
Outside.......................
Bailroad Shops, road A
Bailroad shops, road B
Railroad shops, road C.
St. Paul, Minn.:
Bailroad shops, road A
Railroad shops, road B

as. Dolls.
20.0 10.80
50.0 24.00

2

25.0 13.50
26.0 14.04
25.5 13.74
25.0 13.47
24.0 12.96
23.5 12.69

li
1
1
1

25.0 13.75
50.0 24.00
23.0 11.73
22.0 12.32
24.5 12.50
25.5 13.74
25.0 13.50

as. Dolls.
20.0 10.80
50.0 24.00

9
8

54
48

25.0
26.0
25.5
25.0
24.0
23.5

13.50
14.04
13.74
13.47
12.96
12.69

9
9
9
9
9
9

54
54
*53
*53
54
54

12 25.0 13.75
50.0 24.00
5 23.0 11.73
22.0 12.32

10
8
9
8

55
48
*50
56

12.50
13.74
13.50

9
9
9

*50
*53
54

9 449*
8 »44
9 54
9 253
9 54

4 25.0 *12.38
4 28.1 13.92
22.0 11.88
25.5 13.74
23.5 12.69

9
8
9
9
9

449|
*44
54
*53
54

9 *50
9 *50

5 23.5
5 22.5

11.99
11.48

9
9

*50
*50

54

54
48

2
2

9
8

lj
1
1
1

li
%

9 54
9 54
9 *53
9 *53
9 54
9 54

» li
2
ljk
It

2
2
1]
liE

10 55
8 48
9 *50
8 56

lj
1
2

lj
1E
2

9 *50
9 2 53
9 54

5 24.5
25.5
25.0

li

li

113

25.0
28.1
22.0
25.5
23.5

<12.38
13.92
11.88
13.74
12.69

23.5
22.5

11.99
11.48

25.0

13.50

li

li

9

54

25.0

13.50

9

25.0

13.50

li

2

9

54

25.0

13.50

9

54

9

*53

9

•57

9
9
9

54
54
54

9
9
9

54
54
?53

l Mr

*11

i li

li

ll
1r
ll r

1
1
1]E

1
1

1

li

ii

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.: Railroad
shops......................................
Dallas. ^Tex.^Manufacturing

Little Bock, Ark.:
Bailroad shops................... 23.5 12.66
23.5 12.66
9 253
li
li
Railroad shops, round*
houses, nightwork......... . 23.5 14.01
23.5 14.01
9 •57
li
li
Louisville. K y.:
li
2
Manufacturing shops.......... 24.0 12.96
24.0 12.96
9 54
li
lj
Bailroad shops, road A . . . . 21.5 10.32
8 48
21.5 11.61
l\
Bailroad shops, road G___ 22.5 12.15
9 54
21.5 11.61
llE
New Orleans, La.:
Outside............................... 33.3 18.00
2
2
9 54
33.3 18.00
Bailroad shops, road B ..... 21.7 11.70
9 54
21.7 11.70
1
1
1
1
Bailroad shops, road C___ 26.5 14.31
9 753
26.5 14.31
li
lik
i On new work; on old work, double time.
* Work 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.
8 Work 50 hours, paid for 51; 53 hours, paid for 54, October to April, inclusive.
4 54 hours and $13.50 per week, September to April, inclusive.
* Work 44 hours, paid for 49& 48 hours, paid for 54, September to April, inclusive.
* Work 57 hours, paid for 50 hours and 37 minutes.
* Work 53 hours, paid for 54.




142

BULLETIN* OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
BOILER MAKERS9 HELPERS—Concluded.
May 1,1914.

M ay 1,1915.

Hours of
Rate of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
days
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full fuU half­ hour. fuU full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Railroad shops, road A .......
Railroad shops, road B .......
Portland, Oreg.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops........ .....................
Outside............................. '.
Salt Lake City, Utah................
San Francisco, Cal.: Manufac­
turing and jobbing shops.......
Seattle, Wash.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops........ .......................
Outside...............................

8
8

48
48

a s. Dolh.
28.0 13.44
28.0 15.12

8
9

48
54

2
2

9
8
8

54
48
148

27.8 15.00
37.5 18.00
29.0 113.92

9
8
8

54
48
148

i*

2

8

48

34.4

16.50

8

48

‘ ii

2
2

8
8

48
48

31.3 15.00
43.8 21.00

8
8

48
48

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

38.9
33.3
33.3
33.3
38.9
41.7
38.9
44.4
37.8

21.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
21.00
22.50
21.00
24.00
20.40

9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

Cts. Dolls.
28.0 13.44
28.0 13.44

1|
ll

if

27.8 15.00
37.5 18.00
29.0 U3.92

U
u
i|

34.4

16.50

31.3 15.00
43.8 21.00

4

CORE MAKERS.
North Atlantic.
3$. 9
33.3
33.3
33.3
38.9
41.7
38.9
44.4
37.8

21.00
18.00
18.00
18.00
21.00
22.50
21.00
24.00
20.40

li t
li
li
li
li
li
1
li
li

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9

27.5

16.50

li

2

10

60

27.5

16.50

10

60

36.1
36.1

19.50
19.50

ll

2
2

9
9

54
54

36.1
36.1

19.50
19.50

9
9

54
54

33.3
36.1

18.00
19.50

ll

2
2

9
9

54
54

33.3
36.1

18.00
19.50

9
9

54
54

Chicago, HI................
44.4 24.00
li
54
2
9
44.4 24.00
9
38.9 21.00
li
54
Cincinnati, Ohio.......
2
9
9
38.9 21.00
38.9 321.00 *l\
Cleveland. Ohio.
2
9 854
3 38.9 321.00
9
Detroit, Mich........... .
38.9 21.00
li
2
9
54
38.9 21.00
9
536.1 19.50
li
Grand Rapids, Mich.
9
54
36.1 19.50
2
9
li
Indianapolis, Ind......
36.1 19.50
54
2
9
32.2 17.40
9
lj
Kansas City, Mo.......
40.0 21.60
40.0 21.60
9
i 44 hours and $12.76 per week, January to April, inclusive.
* On new work, until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter and double time on repair work.
849* hours ana $19.25 per week, June to August, inclusive.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* Scale became 38.9 cents on Nov. 12,1915.

54
54
854
54
54
54
54

Boston, Mass.............................
Bridgeport, Conn......................
Buffalo, N .Y ............................
Fall River, Mass........................
Newark, N. J............................
New York. N .Y .......................
Philadelphia. Pa
Pittsburgh, Pa..........................
Rochester,N . Y ........................
Scranton, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops (ma­
chinery)...........................
Manufacturing shops (hot
water and steam heating).
Worcester, Mass........................
South Atlantic.
Baltimore, Md.
Richmond, Ya.
North Central.




UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR, MAT 1,1915.

143

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T ab le

METAL TRADES—Continued.
CORE MAKERS—Concluded.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Pot week, Per week,
Per week,
fall full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byHours of
labors

Rate of wages-

North Central-----Concluded.
Milwaukee. Wis.:
Shops A ..............................
Shops B ................ *............
Minneapolis, Minn....................
Omaha, Nebr............................
St. Louis, M o .._____ ____ ____
St. Paul, Minn....... ..................

10
10
9
9
19|
9

55
60
54
54
54
54

Cts. Dolls.
12 28.5 15.68
28.5 17.10
36.1 19.50
40.0 21.60
5 38.9 21.00
36.1 19.50

10
10
9
9
9

55
60
54
54
54
54

2
2
(*)
2
2
1E
2
2

9
9
9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54
54
54

36.1 19.50
38.9 21.00
41.7 22.50
35.0 18.90
40.0 21.60
36.1 19.50

9
9
9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54
54
54

Cts.
28.5
28.5
36.1
40.0
38.9
36.1

Dolls.
15.68 ! li
17.10 ! 1
1
19.50
l
21.60
li
21.00
1
19.50

36.1
38.9
41.7
35.0
40.0
*36.1

19.50
21.00
22.50
18.90
21.60
19.50

2
2
2
2
2
2

Sooth Central*
Birmingham, Ala......................
Dallas, T e x .............................
Houston, Tex*..........................
Little Rock, Ark.......................
Memphis, Tenn........................
New Orleans, La.......................

1]
1[
1

Western.
Denver, Colo.............................
Los Angeles, Cal.......................
Portland, Oreg..........................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................ ...............
Railroad shops....................
San Francisco, Cal....................
Seattle, W a s h ....................... .

41.7 22.50
37.5 20.25
41.7 22.50

1

2
1
2

9
9
9

54
54
54

41.7 22.50
37.5 20.25
41.7 22.50

9
9
9

54
54
54

36.1 19.50
32.5 19.50
50.0 24.00
44.4 24.00

li
1\
41
1
1

2
2
2
2

9
10
8
9

54
60
48
54

36.1 19.50
32.5 19.50
50.0 24.00
44.4 24.00

9
10
8
9

54
60
48
54

50
12 42.0 21.00
54 ........ 38.9 21.00
54
28.0 15.12
50
12 48.0 24.00
54 . . . . . . 44.4 24.00
50
12 36.0 18.00
54
33.3 18.00
48
(«)
753
28.5 15*39
53
30.5 16.17

9
9
9
9
9
9
9
(«)
9
9

50
54
54
50
54
50
54
(«)
753
53

12 30.6

9

50

MACHINISTS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Manufacturing shops, A ___ 42.0 21.00
Manufacturing shops, B . . . . 38.9 21.00 <14
Manufacturing shops, C----- 28.0 15.12
ll
Tool and die makers, shopsA 48.0 24.00 41§
Tool and die makers, shopsB 44.4 24.00 4 If
Specialists, shops A ............. 36.0 18.00 4 If
Specialists, shops B ......... . 33.3 18.00 A ll
Jobbing shops..................... 40.6 19.50 6 If
Railroad shops, road A ___ 28.5 15.39
Railroad shops, road B ....... 30.5 16.17
ll
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops, A ........... ................ 30.6 15.28
1
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops, B ........................... 35.0 17.50
11
Tool and die makers,shops A 39.0 19.50
1
Tool and die makers,shops B 38.9 19.44
19 hours per day, October to April, inclusive.
2 Do not work on Sunday or holidays.
>Scale became 38.9 cents on Sept. 1,1915.
4Until midnight; double time thereafter.




ii

9
9
9
9
9
9
9
8
9
9

1

9

li
if

2

i§
ii
if

it
2

50

15.28

9
50
12 35.0 17.50
9
ii
i
9
50
12 39.0 19.50
9
9
50
12 38.9 19.44
9
u
« Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter.
« Scale not in effect on May 1,1914.
7 Work 53 hours, paid for 54.

50
50
50

144

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
MACHINISTS—Continued.
May 1,1915.
Bate of wages—

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
days
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. hoUPer
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week. Per week,
Per week.
full full half- hour. full full
hour. full
full
day. time. holi­
day. time.
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
North Atlantic—Concluded.
Buffalo, N .Y .:
Manufacturing shops..........
Tool and die makers...........
Die sinkers..........................
Specialists...........................
Outside...............................
Railroad shops, roads D
and F ..............................
Railroad shops, roads £
andH ........V ..................
Railroad shops, road G.......
Newark,N.J.:
Manufacturing and job Ding
shops................................
Tool and die makers...........
New Haven, Conn.: Railroad
shops......................................
New York, N .Y .:
Manufacturing shops, A . . . .
Manufacturing shops, B . . . .
Manufacturing shops, C.......
Auto repair shops...............
Printing press factories.......
Outside...............................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops..........
Tool and die makers...........
Outside...............................
Railroad shops....................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops..........
Railroad shops....................
Providence, R. I.:
Manufacturing shops..........
Tool and die makers..........
Specialists...........................
Breweries............................
Auto repairs, breweries A ...
Auto repairs, breweries B ...
Railroad shops...............
Rochester, N. Y .:
Manufacturing shops, A . . . .
Manufacturing shops, B ___
Jobbing shops.................
Tool and die makers.......
Die sinkers.....................

Cts.
37.5
40.0
60.0
35.0
56.3

Dolls.
20.25
21.60
32.40
16.47
27.00

27.5

16.50

19.50
22.68

in
111

28.5

15.39

1*

40.6 19.50
40.0 19.68
38.2 19.50
43.8 21.00
41.0 19.68
62.5 27.50

1*
if

2
li
2

60

i>
8
8

H i
li
li

9
9

54
54

10
10
10
8
8
8
9

55
55
55
48
48
48
2 53

18.90
18.36

n f

Hi

ii
li

2
2
2
l§
1;
i*
»h

ii

ii
1; E

9
9
8
9
9
9

54
49i
48
54
54
54

19.50
22.68

54
54

28.5
48
49*
51
48
48
44
354
354
48
3 54

Hi

36.1 19.50
36.1 17.88
40.0 19.20
40.0 21.60
40.5 21.87
33.0 17.82

16.50

36.1
42.0

*9
39
8
39

35.0 18.90
37.5 20.25
50.0 24.00
35.0 18.90

27.5 15.13
35.0 19.25
22.0 12.10
46.9 22.50
50.0 24.00
36.5 17.50
28.5 15.39

54
54
54
54

31.0 18.60
34.0 20.40

36.1
42.0

35.0
34.0

DolU.
20.25
21.60
32.40
16.47
27.00

27.5

31.0 18.60
34.0 20.40

Worcester, Mass.:
28.5 15.39
Railroad shops, road A . . .
30.5 16.17
Railroad shops, road B . . .
1 Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter.
2 Work 53 nours, paid for 54.
3 Hours vary, but total 54 hours per week.




Cts.
37.5
40.0
60.0
30.5
56.3

Hi
Hi
x ll
11
*li

15.39

253

40.6 19.50
40.0 19.68
38.2 19.50
43.8 21.00
41.0 19.68
12 62.5 27.50

8
8
8

33.3 18.00
37.5 20.25
50.0 24.00
35.0 18.90

39
39
8
39

35.0
34.0

ii

354
354
48
354

18.90
18.36

27.5 15.13
35.0 19.25
22.0 12.10
46.9 22.50

36.1
12 36.1
(«)
40.0
40.5
33.0

48
49|
51
48
48
44

54
54
10
10
10
8

II

if

19.50
17.88
(#
)
21.60
21.87
17.82

9
9

<
?
9
9

28.5 15.39
9 3 53
53
2 30.5 16.17
9
* None employed on May 1.1914.
* Until midnight; double tune thereafter.
<No scale on May 1,1914.

55
55
55
48
I
54
49§

%

54
54
53

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

145

T a b le A. — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
MACHINISTS—Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.
Rate of wages—

Hours of
labor—

Kate of
wages—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
days
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per
Per week,
full full half­ hour.
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—

Hours of
labor—

Per Per Per
week, full week,
full day. full
time.
time.

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Manufacturing shops.........
Jobbing shops....................
Auto repair shops..............
Railroad shops, road A ....
Railroad shops, roads B,
D ,E ,a n d F ...................
Baltimore. Md.:
Manuiac
Outside.
Railroad shops....................
Charleston, S. C.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................
Railroad shops, road A .......
Railroad shops, road B .......
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................
Railroad shops....................
Railroad shops, specialists..
Richmond, Va.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................
Locomotive shops....... ......
Locomotive shops, tool and
die makers.......................
Locomotive shops, special­
ists...................................
Railroad shops, road a ___
Railroad shops, road B ......
Railroad shops, road C.......
Washington, D. C.: Manufac­
turing shops...........................

Cts.
35.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

DoUs.
21.00
21.60
22.00
21.60

Cts.
35.0
35.0
12 40.0
40.0

DoUs.
21.00
18.90
22.00
21.60

54
55
54

41.0 22.14

41.0 22.14

54

37.5
37.5
34.0

37.5
37.5
34.0

18.00
18.00
18.36

48
48
54

36.1 19.50
42.0 20.16
40.0 21.60

*54
48
54

36.5 19.71
41.0 22.14
32.5. 17.55

54
54
54

35.5
35.0

19.53
19.25

55
55

40.0 22.00

40.0 22.00

55

25.0 13.75
38.6
41.0 22.14
40.0 21.60

25.0 13.75
38.6 20.82
41.0 22.14
40.0 21.60

55
54
54
54

40.6

19.50

48

41.7

22.50

18.00
18.00
18.36

36.1 19.50
42.0 20.16
40.0 21.60
36.5 19.71
41.0 22.14
32.5 17.55
35.5
35.0

40.6

19.53
19.25

19.50

*54
48
54

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops, A...........................
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops, B ...........................
Tool and die makers, shops
A ......................... .
Tool and die makers, shops
B.

41.7 22.50

54

20.88

12 43.5 20.88

49.5 23.76

49.5 23.76

48

47.2 25.50
47.2 25.50
39.0 21.06
39.0 21.06
50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
Breweries.
68.8
Outside_________________ 68.8 30.25
41.0 20.50
Railroad shops.................... 41.0 20.50
1 Until midnight; double time thereafter.
2 Until midnight; double time thereafter, and after 4 p. m. on Saturday.
* Hours vary, but total 54 per week.

54
54
48
44
50

43.5

30061°—Bull. 194—16------ 10




8|

48

146

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.—
UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T a b le

METAL TRADES—Continued.
MACHINISTS—Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week.
full full
full full half­ hour. full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byHours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

North Central—Continued.
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Manufacturing shops.. .
Tool and die makers....
Specialists.....................
Jobbing shops...............
Breweries......................
Outside.........................
Railroad shops, road A .
Railroad shops, road B .
Railroad shops, road C..
Railroad shops, road D .
Railroad shops, road E .
Railroad shops, road F .
Cleveland, Ohio:
Manufacturing shops...
Tool and die makers___

Cts.
32.5
35.0
25.0
32.5
37.5
40.0
38.6
36.0
41.0
37.0
34.5
32.0

Dolls.
17.06
18.38
13.13
17.55
18.00
21.60
23.14
19.44
22.14
19.98
18.63
19.20

35.0 18.90
40.0 21.60
30.6 16.50
62.5 27.50
34.0 18.36

1]
1
1
il
*1
3
11
1
1

2
2
2
2
*2
2

11

1
1
1

4M
4i
*n
l

2
2
2
2
H

9}
V
8
9
9
9
9
9
9
10
*9
*9
#9
8
9

52i
52*
52*
54
48
54
54
54
54
54
54
60
*54
*54
*54
44
54

Cts.
12 32.5
35.0
12
12 25.0
32.5
37.5
40.0
38.6
36.0
41.0
37.0
34.5
32.0

Dolls.
17.06
18.38
13.13
17.55
18.00
21.60
23.14
19.44
22.14
19.98
18.63
19.20

94
9*
4
9
8
9
9
9
9
9
9
10

35.0
40.0
30.6
12 62.5
........ 34.0

18.90
21.60
16.50
27.50
18.36

*9
*9
*9
8
9

Outside.
Railroad shops
Detroit, Mich.:
Manufacturing shops, A ___ 39.0 19.50
9
2
50
12 39.0 19.50
9
lj
Manufacturing shops, B ___ 35.0 19.25
2
55
12 35.0 19.25 10
10
1\
f
Tool and die makers, shops
9
40.0 20.00
2
9
50
12 40.0 20.00
1*
Tool and die makers, shops
lj
B .................................... . 40.0 22.00
2
10
55
12 40.0 22.00 10
1
Trimmers and die makers., 40.0 22.00
2
10
55
12 40.0 22.00 10
Die sinkers........................ . 50.0 27.50
1
2
10
55
12 50.0 27.50 10
1
Jobbing sh op s................... 35.0 18.90
54
35.0 18.90
2
9
9
1
8
Outside.............................. 62.5 30.00
8
48
62.5 30.00
2
Railroad shops, road A ..... 31.0 18.60
1
31.0 18.60 10
10 •60
lj
Railroad shops, road B .... 35.5 19.17
1
54
9
35.5 19.17
9
H
Grand Rapids, Mien.:
Manufacturing shops, A .... ^25.0 13.50
54
25.0 13.50
9
9
li
li
Manufacturing shops, B . . . . 725.0 14.75
25.0 14.75 10
59
1I
1
iiI 10
Tool and die makers, shops
A......................... . . . . . . . 725.0 13.50
54
25.0 13.50
9
9
li
ii
Tool and die makers, shops
u
25.0 14.75 10
B .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 725.0 14.75
10
59
i|
l
Railroad shops.................. . 34.0 18.70
12 34.0 18.70 10
55
H
I 10
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Railroad shops, road A ....... 34.5 18.63
54
9
34.5 18.63
9
ii
ii
Railroad shops, roads B and
54
36.0 19.44
36.0 19.44
9
9
ii
ii
Kansas City, M o.:...................
Manufacturing shops.......... 40.0 21.60 4X!|
54
40.0 21.60
9
2
9
54
42.5 22.95
9
2
Tool and die makers............ 842.5 22.95 | n i
9
1 Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter.
* Until midnight: double time thereafter, and after 4 p. m. on Saturday.
* For Sunday. July 4, Labor Day, and Christmas; for other holidays, no increase in rate.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* Hours vary, out total 54 per week.
* Work 70 hours every alternate week.
1 Scale became 27.5 cents on July 1,1915.
8 Scale became 45 cents on June 23,1915.




52|
52}
52}
54
48
54
54
54
54
54
54
60
*54
* 54
*54
44
54
50
55
50
55
55
55
54
48
•60
54
54
59
54
59
55
54
54
54
54

147

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T a b le

METAL TRADES—Continued.
MACHINISTS—Continued.
May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holir
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per
Per week*
full full half­ hour.
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by-

Hours of
labor—

Per Per Per
week, toll week,
full day. toll
time.
time.

North Central—Continued.
Kansas City, Mo.—Concluded.
Breweries............................
Outside...............................
Railroad shops, roads A, C,
and D ..............................
Railroad shops, road B .......
Railroad shops, road E .......
Railroad shops, road F .......
Railroad shops, road G.......
Railroad shops, road H .......
Railroad shops, roads I and
Railroad shops, road j ........
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Manufacturing shops..........
Tool and die makers...........
Specialists...........................
Breweries............................
Railroad shops....................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Manufacturing shops..........
Outside...............................
Railroad shops, road A .......
Railroad shops, roads B and

Cts. Dolls.
53.0 125.44
62.5 27.50

‘ It

44

22.09
20.52
22.41

1
1\
1
1
1

54
48
*53
*53
54
54

40.0 21.60
39.0 21.06

II

41.0
40.0
41.5
41.0
38.0
41.5

433.0
40.0
»27.5
45.0
41.0

22.14
19.20

18.15
22.00
15.13
19.80
20.91

li

22.14
21.60
22.36
22.09
20.52
22.41

9
9
9
9
9
9

54
54
*53
*53
54
54

40.0 21.60
39.0 21.06

9
9

54
54

55

33.0 18.15
40.0 22.00
27.5 15.13
45.0 19.80
41.0 20.91

10
10
10
8
9

55
55
55
44
850

19.77
(»)
21.42

10

if
•if
if

2
2
2
72
li

44
850

33.5 19.77
62.5 28.13
42.0 21.42

2*
li

2
2
li

59
45
*50

43.0 21.93

li

41.0
40.0
41.5
41.0
38.0
41.5

33.5

li

A

59

%

*50

43.0 21.93
Omaha* Nebr.:..........................
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................ 40.0 21.60
li
40.0 21.60
Automobile shops............... 42.0 22.68 *u
42.0 22.68
44.4 24.00
li
44.4 24.00
Railroad shops, road A ....... 43.0 23.22
43.0 23.22
ii
i<
Railroad shops, road B ....... 41.5 22.36
41.5 22.36
Railroad shops, road D ....... 41.0 22.14
it
41.0 22.14
Peoria, HI.:
Manufacturing shops.......... 40.0 21.60
2
40.0 21.60
Railroad shops, roads A and
B...................................... 41.0 22.14
9
41.0 22.14
li
Railroad shops, roads C and
9
39.0 19.50
12 39.0 19.50
li
St. Louis,M o.:..........................
Manufacturing shops.......... 37.0 19.98
109 1054
37.0 19.98
If
109 1054
Tool and die makers............ 45.0 24.30
45.0 24.30
if
109 1*48
Specialists........................... 27.5 14.85
27.5 14.85
if
8
54
Breweries............................ 52.5 25.20 * lf
52.5 25.20
i And $1 per week additional.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* Work 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.
4Scale became 35 cents on September 17,1915.
* Scale became 30 cents on July 1,1915.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter and on Saturday afternoon.
* Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* Work 50 hours, paia for 51; 53 hours, paid for 54, October to April, inclusive.
* Not organized on May 1,1914.
1 Hours vary, but total 54 per week.
0




48
44

54
54

li

li
if

Cts. Dolts.
53.0 25.44
12 62.5 27.50

850
54
54
54
54
*53
54
54
54
19
0
109
19
0
8

1*54
1054
1054
48

148

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
MACHINISTS—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
wages—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
Per
Par
days.- Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full
full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourlvrate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

North Central—Concluded.
St. Louis, Mo.—Concluded.
Outside...............................
Printing machinery repair
shops................................
Railroad shops, roads A and
F......................................
Railroad shops, roads B and
K ....................................
Railroad shops, road B
(nightw ork)....................
Railroad shops, road C.........
Railroad shops, road C........
Railroad shops, road G .......
Railroad shops, road H .......
Railroad shops, road K,
nightwork.......................
St. Paul, Minn.:
Manufacturing shops, A ___
Manufacturing shops, B —
Outside......................
Railroad shops..........

1*

12

8

44

Cts. Dolls.
12 62.5 27.50

8

44

50.0 24.00

* li

2

8

48

50.0 24.00

8

48

41.5 22.41

Cts. Dolls.
62.5 27.50

1*

li

9

54

41.5 22.41

9

54

41.5 22.36

li

li

9

•53

41.5

22.36

9

*53

24.89
22.95
22.68
22.14
21.06

li
1
1
1
li

li
li
if
if
if

10
9
9
9
9

<59
54
54
54
54

41.5
42.5
42.0
41.0
39.0

24.89
22.95
22.68
22.14
21.06

10
9
9
9
9

«59
54
54
54
54

41.5
42.5
42.0
41.0
39.0

41.5 24.89

li

<59

41.5

24.05

li
1
2
li

li
2
2
2
li

10

35.0 20.65
35.0 18.90
62.5 28.13
43.0 21.93

10
9
8
9

59
54
45
*50

33.5
34.0

19.77
18.36
(«)
21.93

10
9

59
54
(6
)
150

35.0

21.00

li

li

10

60

35.0 21.00

10

60

40.0

21.60

li

9

54

40.0 21.60

9

54

10

60

40.0 24.00

10

60

7
5 &

91

*57

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops, A ...........................
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops, B ...........................
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops, B...........................
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops, C ...........................
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops, D...........................
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops, E...........................
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops, F ..........................
Railroad shops....................
Dallas, Tex.:
Manufacturing and jobbing

li

24.00

li

li

36.0 21.60

li

li

10

60

36.0 21.60

10

60

37.5 22.50

li

li

10

60

37.5 22.50

10

60

22.80

li

li

10

60

38.0 22.80

10

60

llI

ii
if

10
9

60
54

39.0 23.40
41.0 22.14

10
9

60
54

54
2
40.0 21.60
40.0 21.60
9
li
48
42.0 20.16
8
42.0 20.16
Railroad shops..............
li
i!
Houston. Tex.:
54
40.0 21.60
ii
9
40.0 21.60
Jobbing shops...............
li
54
43.0 23.22
ii
9
43.0 23.22
Railroad shops, road A .
if
54
41.5 22.41
22.41
ii
9
41.5
Railroad shops, road B .
if
* And on Saturday afternoon.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* Work 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.
4 Work 59 hours, paid for 59 hours and 59 mintues.
* Work 57 hours, paid for 57 hours and 57 minutes.
* Not organized on May 1,1914.
* Work 50 hours, paid for 51; 53 hours, paid for 54, October to April, inclusive.

9
8

54
48

9
9
9

54
54
54




40.0

38.0

39.0 23.40
41.0 22.14

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

149

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
MACHINISTS—Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Bate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
days
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full * full full
hour. full
day. time.
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
bySooth Central—Concluded.
Little Bock, Ark.:
Manufacturing shops...........
Bailroad shops....................
Bailroad shops, roundhouse,
nightwork.
Louisville.

Cts. Dolls.
42.5 22.95
42.5 22.90
42.5 25.34

33.3 18.00
40.0 21.60
Outside._____
Bailroad shops, road F ....... 38.0 20.52
Bailroad shops, road G ....... 39.0 21.06
Memphis, Tenn.:
Manufacturing shops.......... 42.0 22.68
Bailroad shops, road A ....... 42.5 22.95
Bailroad shops, road B ....... 41.0 22.14
Bailroad shops, roads D
and F ............................... 42.5 22.90
New Orleans, La.:
Manufacturing shops.......... 38.9 21.00
Outside............................... 44.4 24.00
Railroad shops,roads A and
41.0 22.14
Railroad shops, road C........ 43.5 23.49

li&
ll

2
1*

9
9

54
153

Cts. DoUs.
42.5 22.95
42.5 22.90

9
9

54
153
*57

li

91

*57

42.5 25.34

9§

2
2
%
li

9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54

33.3 18.00
40.0 21.60
38.0 20.52
39.0 21.06

9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54

41
1
li
1

2

9
9
9

54
54
54

42.0 22.68
42.5 22.95
41.0 22.14

9
9
9

54
54
54

1*

9

»53

42.5 22.90

9

153

2
2

n
2
2

9
9

54
54

38.9 21.00
44.4 24.00

9
9

54
54

li
li

If
if

9
9

54
®53

41.0 22.14
43.5 23.49

9
9

54
853

40.0 21.60

9

54

41.0
41.0
40.0
41.5
56.3

19.68
22.14
21.60
22.41
27.00

8
9
9
9
8

48
54
54
54
48

25.0 21.60

8

48

44.0 21.12

8

48

20.64
27.72
20.64
12.00

8
9
8
8

48
63
48
48

43.8 21.00
37.5 18,00

8
8

48
48

n
•lj
*1
1
l\

if

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
2
54
Manufacturing shops.......... 40.0 21.60 *1*
9
Railroad shops, roads A and
i;
8
41.0 19.68
48
1
3
54
Railroadshops, road*B ....... 41.0 22.14
9
if
54
9
Bailroad shops, road C........ 41.0 22.14
i
if
54
ii
9
Bailroad shops, road E ....... 41.5 22.41
if
2
8
48
Los Angeles, Cal.: Breweries___ 56.3 27.00 * i
Portland.Oreg.: Manufacturing
2
48
and jobbing shops................... 45.0 21.60 41|
8
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Manufacturing and jobbing
48
8
shops, A........................... 44.0 21.12
i|
li
Manufacturing and jobbing
44
10
8
shops, B........................... 43.0 18.92
li
63
l
1
9
Smelter furnaces.................. 44.0 27.72
ii
48
8
Railroad shops.................... 43.0 20.64
lj
8
48
Railroad shops, drill press... 25.0 12.00
ll
San Francisco, Cal.:
All-round men and tool
2
8
48
and die makers................ 43.8 21.00
48
2
8
Specialists........................... 37.5 18.00
I
* Work 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.
* Work 57 hours, paid for 59 hours and 37 minutes.
* Until 10 p. m .; double time thereafter.
<Until midnight; double time thereafter.
» Work 53 hours, paid for 54.
* For first 4 hours; double time thereafter.




43.0
44.0
43.0
25.0

150

BULLETIN' OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
MACHINISTS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half- hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
day. time.
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by­
Western—Concluded.
Seattle, Wash.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................
Railroad shops, roundhouse.
Spokane, Wash.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................
Railroad shops....................

Cts. Dolls.
45.0. 21.60
45.0 24.30

in
*1}

2
n

8
9

48
54

Cts. Dolls.
45.0 21.60
45.0 24.30

8
9

48
54

50.0 24.00
45.0 24.30

XI

2
2

8
9

48
54

50.0 24.00
45.0 24.30

8
9

48
54

<53
58

23.0 12.42
24.0 12.72

9
9

<53
53

MACHINISTS* HELPERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston. Mass.:
Railroad shops, road A .......
Railroad shops, road B .......
Buffalo, N. Y .: Manufacturing
shops......................................
New Haven, Conn.: Railroad
shops......................................

23.0 12.42
24.0 12.72

1*

25.0

13.50

*1*

23.0

12.42

n

1*
li
2

9
9
9

54

25.0

13.50

9

54

li

9

<53

23.0

12.42

9

<53

North Central.
2
2
8
44
12 43.8 19.25
Chicago, 111.: Outside................ 43.8 19.25
Cincinnati, Ohio:
9
54
20.0 10.80
Railroad shops, road A ....... 20.0 10.80
9
54
21.0 11.34
Railroad shops, road C . . . . , 21.0 11.34
if
12 40.0 17.60
2
8
44
Cleveland, Ohio: Outside......... 40.0 17.60
if
Kansas City, Mo.:
2
Breweries............................ 36.0 17.28
8
48
36.0 17.28
2
44
12 43.8 19.25
8
Outside............................... 43.8 19.25 * 4
Railroad shops, roads A,
2
9
54
D H, and J ..................... 20.0 10.80
20.0 10.80
ii
9 #53
Railroad shops, road E ....... 23.5 12.66
23.5 12.66
i{
9 #53
20.0 10.78
Railroad shops, road E ....... 20.0 10.78
i|
l\
54
9
Railroad shops, road I ........ 23.5 12.69
23.5 12.69
ii
ii
Minneapolis, Minn.: Railroad
9 •50
5 22.5 11.48
shops...................................... 22.5 11.48
9 #53
20.0 10.78
Omaha, Nebr.: Railroad shops. 20.0 10.78
if
ii
St. Louis, Mo.:
9
54
18.5 9.99
Railroad shops, road A ....... 18.5 9.99
9 #53
21.0 11.32
Railroad shops, road B ....... 21.0 11.32
H
li
Railroad shops, roads B and
9 #53
20.0 10.78
K ..................................... 20.0 10.78
11
54
22.0 11.88
9
Railroad shops, road C........ 22.0 11.88
ii
if
i Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter and after 5 p. m. on Saturday.
<Work 53 hours, paid for 54.
e Work 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.
» Work 50hours, paid for 51; 53 hours, paid for 54, October to April, inclusive.




8

44

9
9
8

54
54
44

8
8

48
44

9
9
9
9

54
#53
#53
54

9
9

•50
#53

9
9

54
#53

9
9

#53
54

UNION" SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

151

A.—
UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914— Continued.

T a ble

METAL TRADES—Continued.
MACHINISTS* HELPERS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Hours of
Rate of
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. fall
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

North Central—Concluded.
St. Louis, Mo.—Concluded.
Railroad shops, roads C and

Cts.
20.0
Railroad shops, road F ....... 20.5
Railroad shops, road B,
nightwork........................ 20.0
Railroad shops, road K ,
nightwork........................ 20.0

DoUs.
10.80
11.07
12.00
12.00

Cts. Dolls.
20.0 10.80
20.5 11.07

9
9

54
54

54
54

IJ

9

159

20.0

12.00

159

U

10

159

20.0

1L59

*57

IJ

9

10.78

South Central.
Little Rock, Ark.:
Railroad shops.................... 20.0 10.78
Railroad shops, round­
house, nightwork............. 20.0 11.92
Louisville, K y.: Manufacturing
shops...................................... 25.0 13.50

20.0

11.92

«57

54

25.0

13.50

54

12.96

54

24.0 11.52
24.5 13.23
24.0 12.96
25.0 12.00

9

20.0

24.0

51J

*53
*57

IJ

48
54
54
48

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................
Railroad shops, roads A
and D ..............................
Railroad shops, road B ___
Railroad shops, road E . . ...
Salt Lake City, Utah................

24.0

12.96

24.0 11.52
24.5 13.23
24.0 12.96
25.0 12.00

METAL POLISHERS AND BUFFERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass...................
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Shops A .....................
Shops B .....................
New Haven, Conn.:
Shops A .....................
Shops B .....................
Newark, N. J...................
New York, N .Y ..............
Philadelphia, Pa..............
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops.
Jobbing shops............
Rochester, N. Y ..............




IJ

IJ

9

50

12 39.0

19.50

9

50

25.0 15.00
33.0 19.80

1
1

1
1

10
10

60
60

25.0
33.0

15.00
19.80

10
10

60
60

35.0 21.00
33.3 18.00
33.3 18.33
41.0 18.04
30.0 15.00

1
1
IJ
2
U

1
1
2
2
2

10
9
10
8
9

60
54
55
44
50

35.0
33.3
12 33.3
12 41.0
12 30.0

21.00
18.00
18.33
18.04
16.50

10
9
10
8
10

60
54
55
44
55

36.0 19.44 9 IJ
2
54
12 35.0 18.90
n
2
36.0 18.72 «l|
52
9
35.0 18.20
2
35.0 18.90
9
54
35.0 18.90
IJ
i Work 59 hours, paid for 59 hours and 59 minutes.
* Work 57 hours, paid for 57 hours and 57 minutes.
* Work 53 hours, paid for 53 hours and 53 minutes.
4 Work 57 hours, paid for 59 hours and 37 minutes.
* Until 10 p. m .; double time thereafter.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.

9f
9
9

54
52
54

39.0

19.50

1 52

b u l l e t in o f t h e bubeatj op l a b o r s t a t ist ic s .

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
METAL POLISHERS AND BUFFERS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hoursof
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per
Per week,
full full half­ hour.
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
bySouth Atlantic.
Baltimore, Md.........................

Cts. Dolls.
29.2 15.78

54

Hours of
labor—

Per Per Per
week, full week,
full
full
time. day. time.

Cts. Dolls.
29.2 15.78

54

North Central.
Chicago, HI...............................
Cincinnati, Ohio......................
Cleveland. Ohio.......................
Detroit, Mich.:
Shops A .............................
Shops B .............................
Shops C.............................
Shops D.............................
Grand Rapids. Mich................
Indianapolis, Ind.....................
Kansas City, Mo......................
Milwaukee, w is.......................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................
Stove works........................

19.80
19.44
19.50

*2
2
22

37.5 22.50
37.5 20.25
37.5 #20.25
37.5 18.75
33.3 18.00
35.0 17.50
40.0 21.60
35.0 19.25

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

40.0
36.0
36.1

36.0 19.44
45.0 22.28

49}
54
54
60
54
*54
50
54
50
54
55
4 9 454
9 49}

12 40.0 19.80
36.0 19.44
36.1 19.50
37.5
37.5
37.5
37.5
33.3
35.0
40.0
30.0

49}
54
54

22.50
20.25
*20.25
18.75
18.00
17.50
21.60
16.65

36.0 19.44
12 45.0 22.28

60
54
*54
50
54
50
54
55
49

4 54
49}

Western.
43.8 21.00
38.9 21.00
50.0 24.00

Los Angeles, Cal........................ 43.8 21.00
San Francisco, Cal................... . 38.9 21.00
Seattle, Wash.......................... . 50.0 21.00

48
54
48

MOLDERS: Iron.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.: Iron and brass..
Bridgeport, Conn.: Iron and
brass..................................... .
Buffalo, N. Y .: Iron and brass..
Fall River, Mass.: Iron and
brass.......... ..........................
Newark, N. J.:
Iron...................................

1*

2

9

54

38.9

21.00

9

54

33.3
36.1

1&00
19.50

1}

2
2

9
9

54
54

33.3
36.1

18.00
19.50

9
9

54
54

33.3

1&00

1*

2

9

54

33.3

3a 9 21.00

38.9
2
9 54
38.9 21.00
9 50
12 39.0
2
39.0 19.50
1}
9 54
2
41.7
41.7 22.50
New York, N .Y ..............
9 54
38.9
2
Philadelphia, Pa....................... 38.9 21.00
if
44.4
9 54
2
Pittsburgh, Pa.: Iron and brass. 44.4 24.00
9 54
2
37.8
Rochester, K. Y .: Iron and brass 37.8 20.40
1}
Scranton, Pa., iron and brass:
2
10 60
27.5
Machinery......................... . 27.5 16.50
1}
Hot water and steam heat­
36.1
2
9 54
ing.................................. 36.1 19.50
9 54
36.1
2
Worcester, Mass....................... 36.1 19.50
11
1Until midnight; double time thereafter.
2 Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* 50 hours and $18.75 per week, November to February, inclusive.
4 Hours vary, but total 54 per week.




18.00

9

54

21.00
19.50
22.50
21.00
24.00
20.40

9
9
9
9
9
9

54
50
54
54
54
54

16.50

10

60

19.50
19.50

9
9

54
54

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOOTS OP LABOB, MAY 1,1015.

153

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.

T ab le

MOLDERS: Iron—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time. hoUPer
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga..............................
Baltimore, Md.........................
Richmond, Va.:
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................
Locomotive shops...............
Railroad shops..................
Washington, D. C.: Iron and
brass..................................... .
North Central.
Chicago, 111.: Iron and brass...,
Cincinnati, Ohio........................
Cleveland, Ohio: Iron and brass.
Detroit, Mich.: Iron and brass..
Grand Rapids, Mich.................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Bench................................ .
Floor...................................
Machine............................. .
Kansas City, Mo........................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Shops A ..............................
Shops B ..............................
Minneapolis, Minn.: Iron and
brass......................................
Omaha, Nebr.: Iron and brass..
Peoria, 111............... ...................
St. Louis, Mo.............................
St. Paul, Minn..........................
South Central.
Birmingham, Ala......................
Dallas, Tex................................
Houston, Tex............................
Little Rock, Ark.: Iron and
brass.......................................
Memphis, Tenn.........................
New Orleans, La.......................
Western.
Denver, Colo.: Iron and brass..
Los Angeles,Cal.: Iron and brass.
Portland, Oreg.: Iron and brass.
Salt Lake City, Utah: Iron and
brass—
Manufacturing and jobbing
shops................................
Railroad shops....................
San Francisco, Cal.: Iron and
brass.......................................
Seattle, Wash.: Iron and brass..
Spokane, Wash.........................

Cts. Dolls.
35.0 21.00
36.1 19.50

1*
1*

2
2

10
9

60
54

33.3 18.00
37.2 18.61
44.4 24.00

n
i*
i*

2
2
2

9
9
9

54
50
54

30.6

16.50

n

2

9

44.4 24.00
38.9 21.00
38.9 121.00
38.9 21.00
*36.1 19.50

li
if
* lf
if
if

2
2
2
2
2

36.1 19.50
36.1 19.50
36.1 19.50
40.0 21.60

1|
if
if
if

32.5
32.5

17.88
19.50

3a 9
40.0
38.3
38.9
38.9

Os. Dolls.
35.0 21.00
36.1 19.50

10
9

60
54

33.3
12 37.2
44.4

18.00
18.61
24.00

9
9
9

54
50
54

54

30.6

16.50

9

54

9
9
9
9
9

54
54
154
54
54

44.4
3a 9
3 38.9
3a 9
36.1

24.00
21.00
121.00
21.00
19.50

9
9
9
9
9

54
54
154
54
54

2
2
2
2

9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54

35.6
36.1
31.1
40.0

19.20
19.50
16.80
21.60

9
9
9
9

54
54
54
54

1*
1*

2
2

10
10

55
60

12 32.5
32.5

17.88
19.50

10
10

55
60

21.00
21.60
20.70
21.00
21.00

if
if
if
if

2
2
2
2
2

9
9
9
49f
9

54
54
54
54
54

3a 9
40.0
38.3
5 38.9
3a 9

21.00
21.60
20.70
21.00
21.00

9
9
9
49f
9

54
54
54
54
54

36.1 19.50
38.9 21.00
41.7 22.50

if
1

2
2
(6
)

9
9
9

54
54
54

36.1
38.9
41.7

19.50
21.00
22.50

9
9
9

54
54
54

38.9 21.00
40.0 21.60
*36.1 19.50

if
2

2
2
2

9
9
9

54
54
54

3a 9 21.00
40.0 21.60
36.1 19.50

9
9
9

54
54
54

24.00
20.25
22.50

li
1
li

2
1
2

9
9
9

54
54
54

44.4
37.5
41.7

24.00
20.25
22.50

9
9
9

54
54
54

41.7 22.50
40.0 21.60

if

2
2

9
9

54
54

41.7 22.50
40.0 21.60

9
9

54
54

24.00
24.00
24.00

* ii
if
if

2
2
2

8
9
9

48
54
54

50.0
44.4
44.4

8
9
9

48
54
54

44.4
37.5
41.7

50.0
44.4
44.4

24.00
24.00
24.00

i 49* hours and $19.25 per week, June to August, inclusive. 49 hours per day, October to April, inclusive.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
6 Do not work on Sunday or holidays,
s Scale became 38.9 cents on Nov. 12,1915.
•Scale became 38.9 cents on Sept. 1,1915.




154

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
PATTERN MAKERS: Wood.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages-

Rate of
wages—

>
*

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
days
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by-

Hours of
labor—

Per
week,
fuU
time.

North Atlantic.
Cts. DoUs.
45.0 22.50
45.0 24.30
45.0 22.50

2
1]
2
1
lif • 2

40.0 20.00
40.0 22.00
47.0 ^25.38

li
li
li

42.5 22.95
47.5 23.51
44.4
53.1
37.0
37.0
37.0

50
54
50

a s. DoUs.
12 45.0 22.50
45.0 24.30
12 45.0 22.50

9
9
9

50
54
50

2
2
2

9
10
9

50
55
154

12 39.0 19.50
12 39.0 21.45
3 45.0 24.30

9
10
9

50
55
54

1]
HE

2
2

9
9

54
49*

42.5
12 47.5

22.95
23.51

9
9

54
49*

22.00
23.38

n
2

2
2

9
8

49*
44

12 44.4 22.00
12 53.1 23.38

9
8

49*
44

18.50
22.20
19.98

ii
i
ii

2
2
1*

9
10
9

50
*59
*53

47.2 23.61
54.0 23.76
53.1 24.97
51.0 23.97
50.0 22.00

4i
4i r
4i
4i

2
2
2
2
2

9
8
8
8
8

37.5
42.0

*i|
u jE

2
2

18.50
22.20
19.98

9
10
9

50
* 59
*53

50
44
47
47
44

12 47.2 23.61
12 54.0 23.76
53.1 24.97
51.0 23.97
12 50.0 22.00

9
8
8
8
8

50
44
47
47
44

9
9

50
50

12 37.5
12 42.0

18.75
21.00

9
9

50
50

9
9
10

54
54
55

45.0 24.30
50.0 27.00
12 40.0 22.00

9
9
10

54
54
55

52*
54
54
54

12 45.0
45.0
45.0
40.0

23.63
24.30
24.30
21.60

2
10
60
37.5
Atlanta, Ga............................... 37.5 22.50
ii
2
9
50
12 38.9
Baltimore, Md.......................... 38.9 19.44
ii
Richmond, Va.:
Manufacturing and locomo­
2
tive shops........................ 37.5 20.63
10
55
12 37.5
is
Railroad shops.................... 41.7 22.50
9
54
41.7
iiI
1*
Washington, D. C.:
54
2
9
Manufacturing shops, A ___ 41.7 22.50
Manufacturing shops, B — 50.0 24.00
2
8
48
?!i
8
i 50 hours and $23.50 per week, June to August, inclusive.
* Work 59 hours, paid for 60.
* Work 53 hours, paid for 54.
* Until 9 p. m.; double time thereafter.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* Not organized on May 1,1914.

22.50
19.44

10
9

60
50

20.63
22.50

10
9

55
54

8

33

9
9
9

33

Boston, Mass.:
Manufacturing shops, A . . . .
Manufacturing shops, B ----Jobbing shops....................
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Manufacturing shops, A . . .
Manufacturing shops, B ...
Jobbing shops....................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Manufacturing shops.........
Jobbing shops....................
Newark, N. J.:
Manufacturing shops.........
Jobbing shops....................
New Haven, Conn.:
Manufacturing shops, A . . .
Manufacturing shops, B . . .
Railroad shops.
New York, .Y?T
“ k,N
Manufacturing shops.
Jobbing shops..........
Architectural shops. .
Manufacturing sh
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops.
Jobbing shops............
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops.
Providence, R. x.
Rochester. N. Y .:
Manufacturing shops, A .. . .
Manufacturing shops, B .. . .
Jobbini ’
Worcester,

18.75
21.00

45.0 24.30
50.0 27.00
40.0 22.00

i]

ii
ii

2
2
2

23.63
24.30
24.30
21.60

i;
ii
ii
ii

2
2
2
2

45.0
45.0
45.0
40.0

9*
9
9
9

12 37.0
37.0
37.0

9*
9
9
9

52*
54
54
54

South Atlantic.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

155

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
PATTERN MAKERS: Wood—Continued.
May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Geographical division and city.

May 1,1914.
Rate of

Hours of
labor—

ber
Sun­
of
mos.
days
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half- hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by-

North Central.
Chicago, HI.:
Manufacturing shops.. . .
Jobbing shops.................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Manufacturing shops, A ___
Manufacturing shops, B ___
Jobbing shops....................
Cleveland. Ohio:
Manufacturing shops.........
Jobbing shops....................
Detroit, Mich.:
Manufacturing shops, A ___
Manufacturing shops, B . . . .
Jobbing shops.................
Grand Rapids, Mich.:
Manufacturing shops, A . <..
Manufacturing shops, B . . . .
Jobbing shops, A ............

a s. Dolls.
50.0 27.00
60.0 26.40

if

2
2

9
8

54
44

a s. Dotts.
50.0 27.00
12 60.0 26.40

9
8

54
44

35.0 19.25
35.0 18.38
42.0 21.00

if
if

2
2
2

10
9i
9

55
52i
50

12 35.0 19.25
12 35.0 18.38
12 42.0 .21.00

10
9|
9

55
52}
50

45.0 24.30
50.0 24.75

if

2
2

9
9

54
49i

45.0
12 49.0

24.30
24.26

9
9

54
49}

45.0 24.75
45.0 22.50
45.0 22.50

if

2
2
2

10
9
9

55
50
50

12 45.0 24.75
7
0)
24.75
12 &

10
(*)
10

40.0 21.60
40.0 22.00
40.0 19.80
40.0 23.60

if
if
if
if

2
2
2
2

9
10
9
10

54
55
49|
59

37.5 20.25
12 37.5 20.63
12 37.5 18.56
37.5 22.13

9
10
9
10

i}

Indianapolis. Ind.:
Manufacturing shops, wood
and metal....................... . 42.5 21.25
2
9
50
12 42.5 21.25
i*
Jobbing shops, wood and
metal.............................. . 50.0 22.00
2
8
44
12 50.0 22.00
li
Kansas City, Mo.:
40.0 21.60
54
2
40.0 21.60
9
H
Jobbing shops__________
42.5 22.95
2
9
54
42.5 22.95
if
Railroad shops................... 45.0 24.30
9
54
45.0 24.30
if
li
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Manufacturing shops......... 37.5 20.63
2
55
12 37.5 20.63
10
Jobbing shops.................... 50.0 24.75
2
49i
12 50.0 24.75
9
li
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Manufacturing shops......... 42.5 23.38
2
55
12 42.5 23.38
10
1*
44.0 *22.00
4 44.0 *22.00
2
9 *50
if
Railroad shops...............
41.0 20.91
5 41.0 20.91
9 *50
if
li
Peoria, HI.:
Manufacturing shops, A .. . . 45.0 24.30
2
54
45.0 24.30
9
If
Manufacturing shops, B .
40.0 24.00
40.0 24.00
10
60
li
if
Jobbing shops.................
45.0 24.30
2
9
54
45.0 24.30
if
St. Louis, Mo.:
Manufacturing shops.. . .
48.0 24.00
12 48.0 24.00
2
9
50
1*
Jobbing shops................
60.0 26.40
44
12 60.0 26.40
2
8
if
Cast-steel works..............
53.0 26.50
2
9
50
12 53.0 26.50
if
Railroad shops...............
39.0 20.67
53
9
39.0 20.67
if
li
St. Paul, Minn.:
Manufacturing shops.. . .
42.5 23.38
2
10
55
12 42.5 23.38
1|
Jobbing shops................
44.0 <22.00
2
9 <50
5 44.0 <22.00
if
Railroad shops...............
41.0 20.91
9 *50
5 41.0 20.91
if
ii
L 1914.
* 54 hours and $23.76 per week. September to April, inclusive,
t Work 50 hours, paid for 51; 53 hours, paid for 54. October to April, inclusive.
<54 hours and $23.76 per week, October to April, inclusive.




55
(l)
55
54
55
49|
59

9

50

8

44

9
9
9

54
54
54

10
9

55
49}

10
9
9

55
*50
*50

9
10
9

54
60
54

9
8
9
9

50
44
50
53

10
9
9

55
<50
*50

156

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T a ble

METAL TRADES—Concluded.
PATTERN MAKERS: Wood—Concluded.
May 1,1915.
Rate of wages—

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half- hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourlyrate
multiplied
bySouth Central.
as. Dolls.
Birmingham, Ala..................... 137.5 22.50
Houston, Tex.......................... 53.0
Memphis, Tenn........................ 45.0 24.30

Os. DoUs.
37.5 22.50
53.0
45.0 24.30

60
54
54

45.0 24.30
38.0 20.52

54
54

50.0 24.00
53.0 25.44

48
48

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Manufacturing shops.........
Railroadshops..................
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Manufacturing shops and
artificial-stone molds......
Jobbing shops....................
Portland, Oreg.:
Manufacturing shops.........
Jobbing shops....................
Salt Lake City, Utah...............
San Francisco, Cal...................

45.0 24.30
38.0
50.0 24.00
53.0 25.44

ii

44.4 24.00
50.0 27.00
44.4 <24.00
62. & 30.00

48
48
54
54
<54
48

44.4
50.0
44.4
62.5

54
54
<54
48

24.00
27.00
<24.00
30.00

MILLWORK.
CARPENTERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Cabinetmakers, molders,
band and jig sawyers,
and stock fitters and
48
12 45.0 21.60
2
2
turners............................. 45.0 21.60
*)
48
2
12 43.0 20.64
Stock cutters...................... 43.0 20.64
2
8§
Planer men, matcher men,
sandpaper-machine men.
and mortise men and
8}
48
12 40.0 19.20
2
2
tenon men....................... 40. u 19.20
Buffalo, N. Y .:
8
*48
3 30.0 514.40
2
Shops A .............................. 30.0 514.40
2
9
•54
3 30.0 •16.20
ShopsB.............................. 30.0 •16.20
if
44
8
12 37.0 16.28
2
2
Newark, N. J........................... . 37.0 16.28
New York, N. Y .:
8
48
35.4 17.00
2
2
Manhattan and Bronx........ 735.4 17.00
Brooklyn, Queens, and
8
48
32.3 15.50
2
2
Richmond........................ 35.4 17.00
i Scale became 39 cents on July 1,1915.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter.
<49* hours and $22.00 per week, June to August, inclusive.
544 hours and $13.20 per week, June to August, inclusive.
* 50 hours and $15 per week, June to > ugust, inclusive.
7 Scale became 37.5 certs on Sept. 1,1915.




8)
$

8f

48
48

48

8
9
8

. •48
•54
44

8

48

8

48

TJKION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1015.

157

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
MILLWORK—Continued.
CARPENTERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,, 1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—
Nnmber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week.
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

North Atlantic—Concluded.
Pittsburgh, Pa.........................
Rochester,N. Y ........................
Scranton, Pa. ...........................
Worcester, Mass.:
Cabinetmakers, first class,
and upright molders........
Cabinetmakers, second class,
and mill hands.................

Cts.
37.5
44.4
37.5
42.2

Dolls.
18.75
22.00
18.00
22.80

11
li
li

*1}

*2
<2
2
2

9
9
*8
9

50
49}
448
54

Cts. DolU.
12 35.0 17.50
44.4 22.00
12
37.5 18.00
42.2 22.80

9
9
*8
9

50
49}
«48*
54

2

9

50

12 35.7

17.83

9

50

2

9

50

12 33.7

16.83

9

50

1;
[

2
2

9
9

54
54

30.6
33.3

16.50
18.00

9
9

54
54

11I

li

2
2

8
8

48
48

40.6
39.4

19.50
18.90

8
8

48
48

18.00

1*

2

8

48

37.5

18.00

8

48

18.30

li

2

8

48

38.1

18.30

8

48

16.50
13.80
13.50

u
li
lj

2
2
2

8
8
8

48
48
48

34.4
28.8
28.1

16.50
13.80
13.50

8
8
8

48
48
48

9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
8§
9

0 49}
54
50
49}
54
54
54
50
54
54
54
48
54

35.7

17.83

33.7

16.83

30.6
33.3

16.50
18.00

40.6
39.4

19.50
18.90

37.5
38.1
34.4
28.8
28.1

South Atlantic.
Baltimore, Md...........................
Jacksonville, Fla.......................
Washington, D. C.:
Layers-off............................
Variety molders..................
Cabinetmakers and bench
hands...............................
Band and scroll sawyers and
wood turners....................
Cross-cut millwork, frame
makers and straight
molders............... ............
Berlin sanders.....................
Planer men..........................
North Central.
lj t
2
6 41.0 •20.30
9 •49}
Chicago, H I.............................. 41.0 020.30
pTfl.ning-.mill hands............. 28.0 15.12
l
54
28.0 15.12
2
9
l \ 72
50 **’ i2* 33.0 16.50
9
Cincinnati, Ohio........... ............ 35.0 17.50
92
12 37.5 18.56
9
Cleveland, Ohio............ j........... 37.5 18.56 81
m
li
54
9
30.0 16.20
*2
Grand Rapids, M ich................. 30.0 16.20
1
2
54
35.0 18.90
9
Indianapolis, lnd....................... 35.0 18.90
li
54
40.0 21.60
*2
9
Kansas City .M o ...................... 40.0 21.60
lj
12 33.5 16.75
2
50
9
Milwaukee. Wis......................... 36.0 18.00
54
1
3
33.3 18.00
2
9
Minneapolis, Minn..................... 35.0 18.90
1
9
54
30.0 16.20
Omaha, N ebr... ....................... 30.0 16.20
1*
22
1
54
30.0 16.20
9
Peoria, 111.................................. 30.0 16.20
2 102
12 36.0 17.28
St. Louis, Mo............................. 36.0 17.28
8§ 48
54
*2
35.0 18.90
9
St. Paul, Minn.......................... 35.0 18.90
1Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter.
2Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* And on Saturday afternoon. Work on Labor Day prohibited.
<Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
* Until 9 p. m.; double time thereafter.
654 hours and $22.14 per week, October to March, inclusive.
* And on Saturday afternoon.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
» Work on Labor Day and Saturday afternoon prohibited,
io Work on July 4 and Labor Day prohibited.




158

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
MILLWORK—Continued.
CARPENTERS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time.
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
South Central.
Memphis, Tenn.:
Benchmen, bill cutters,
turners, molders, ana
Jointers, sticker men and
tenon men...................... .
Sanders and second turners.
Second molders...................
Mortise men and band and
and scroll sawyers.......... .
New Orleans, La..................... .

Cts. DoTls.
37.5 18.56

1*

2

9

49J

Cts. Dolls.
12 37.5 18.56

9

49J

9
9
9

494
49*
49*

12 35.0
12 32.0
12 27.5

17.33
15.84
13.61

9
9
9

49*
49*
49*

12 25.0
25.0

12.38
13.50

9
9

49J
54

43.8 21.00
5 42.5 121.04

8
9

48
149*

35.0
32.0
27.5

17.33
15.84
13.61

IJ
l{
1*

2
2
2

25.0
25.0

12.38
13.50

i|

2
2

9
9

49*
54

43.8 21.00
42.5 121.04

if

if

8
9

48
1 49*

62.5 30.00
59.4 28.50

2
2

2
2

8
8

48
48

62.5 30.00
59.4 28.50

8
8

48
48

56.3

27.00

2

2

8

48

56.3

27.00

8

48

50.0

24.00

2

2

8

48

........ 50.0

24.00

8

48

43.8

21.00

2

2

8

48

43.8

21.00

8

48

40.6
43.8

19.50
21.00

2
u

2
2

8
8

48
48

40.6 19.50
43.8 21.00

8
8

48
48

8J
9

8

47
*54
48
44

8

48

Western.
Los Angeles, Cal.......
Salt Lake City, Utah
San Francisco, Cal.:
Sticker men and shapers_
_
Sash and door layers-out...
B a n d sawyers, cabinet­
makers, smoothers, and
molders on veneered doors
and sash, turners, ri]
cutters for cabinetwork,
and trim sawyers.............
Planer men, roller sanders,
sash stickers, and stock
cutters for doors and sash.
Putters-up on doors and
sash, assistant ripsawyers, and smoothers and
molders on stock for doors
and sash...........................
Elbow sanders, mortisers,
and tenoners....................
Seattle, Wash............................

PAINTERS: Hardwood finishers.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.............................
Buffalo, N. Y .............................
Philadelphia, Pa.......................
Rochester, N. Y ........................

35.1 16.50
33.3 *18.00
39.0 18.72
38.8 17.05

IJ

if
if

IJ

2
2
*2
2

8J 47
9 254
8| 48
8
44

12
3
12
12

35.1 16.50
33.3 218.00
39.0 18.72
38.8 17.05

H

South Atlantic.
Washington, D. C..................... 43.8 21.00 ! IJ
48 ........ 43.8
2 I 8
154 hours and $22.95 per week, October to April, inclusive.
2 49h hours and $16.50 per week, June to August, inclusive.
3 Work on Labor Day prohibited.




21.00

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

159

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
MILLWORK—Concluded.
PAINTERS: Hardwood finishers—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Rate of
Honrs of
labor—
wages—
Num­
ber
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half- hour, full full
hour. full
fa ir
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
Rate of wages—

Honrs of
labor—

North Central.
Chic&p, HI.:
Shops A ..................
ShopsB..................
Cincinnati, Ohio...........
Cleveland, Ohio............
Kansas City, Mo...........
Milwaukee, W is ..........
Bar fixtures............
St. Louis, Mo................

Cts.
41.0
41.0
27.5
40.0
40.0
32.5
37.5
36.0

DoTU.
22.14
20.30
13.75
19.60
-21.60
16.09
18.56
17.28

54
49*
50
49
54
48

Cts.
35.0
41.0
27.5
40.0
40.0
30.0
37.5
36.0

DoUs.
18.90
20.30
13.75
19.60
21.60
14.85
18.56
17.28

48

56.3
53.1
43.8

24.75
25.50
19.25

44
48
44

54
49*
50
49
54

n

Western.
Salt Lake City, U tah...
San Francisco, Cal........
Seattle, Wash...............

56.8 24.75
53.1 25.50
43.8 19.25

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB.
BOOKBINDERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
12
2
Cutters, board..................... 37.5 18.00
8i 48
U
Cutters, sheet and stock,
union A ........................... 45.8 22.00
2
12
48
n
C u tt e r s , leather, sheet,
12
stock, and cloth, union B . 43.8 21.00
2
8f 48
H
12
2
48
Cutters, trimmers, books... 45.8 22.00
if
Operating 3 folding ma­
2
12
chines.............................. 45.8 22.00
8f 48
1*
Finishers, stampers, and
2
12
inkers............................... 45.8 22.00
81 48
1*
Finishers, extra, printed
12
2
48
work, union A ................. 50.0 24.00
*i
12
2
48
Finishers, extra, union B ... 56.3 27.00
H
if
Forwarders, case makers,
hand, or casing-in,hand,
or head banding and lin­
12
2
ing machines................... 43.8 21.00
8f 48
i*
Forwarders, case makers,
machine, or casing^in.
machine, or rounders and
2
•12
backers, machine............. 45.8 22.00
i§
8 i 48
Forwarders, casing-in ma­
chines, 2 men on each ma­
12
2
chine................................ 37.5 18.00
u
St 48
Forwarders, case makers,
12
2
Sheridan machines.......... 47.9 23.00
8f 48
u
* Work on July 4 and Labor Day prohibited.




37.5

18.00

8f

48

45.8 22.00

8f

48

43.8 21.00
45.8 22.00

8}

48
48

45.8 22.00

8f

48

45.8 22.00

8i

48

50.0 24.00
56.3 27.00

8t
8f

48
48

43.8 21.00

8f

48

45.8 22.00

81

48

18.00

8i

48

47.9 23.00

8t

48

37.5

160

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
BOOKBINDERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

North Atlantic—Continued.
Boston, Mass.—Concluded.
Forwarders, stock blank
work................................
Forwarders, sheep and li­
brary................................
Forwarders, job ..................
F o r w a rd e rs , extra job,
printed work.................. .
Rulers, first class................
Rulers, second class...........
Buffalo, N .Y .:
Cutters...............................
Cutters, stock.....................
Finishers........................... .
Forwarders, grade A ..........
Forwarders, grade B.........
Rulers................................
Newark, N. J.:
Cutters, small machines----Cutters, large machines, or
duplex machines.............
Finishers, forwarders, and
rulers, nrst class..............
Finishers, forwarders, and
rulers, second class......... .
New York, N . Y .:
Cutters, 1-knife machines...
Cutters, 3-knife machines...
Finishers and forwarders,
blank work, first class....
Finishers and forwarders,
blank work, second class.
Forwarders, printed w ork..
Rulers, first class............
Rulers, second class........
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Case makers...................
Cutters, job and pamphlet..
C u t t e r s , stock, printed
work............................. .
Cutters, assistant, stock,
printed work ..................
Cutters, book and sheet,
printed work...................
Cutters, stock, blank work.
Cutters, machine, blank
work.......................... .
Finishers, sheep and plain,
printed work...................
Finishers,assistant, printed

Cts. Dolls.
37.5 18.00

Cts. DoUs.
37.5 18.00

48

43.8 21.00
45.8 22.00

43.8 21.00
45.8 22.00

48
48

50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
41.7 20.00

50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
41.7 20.00

48
48
48

35.4
37.5
41.7
39.6
37.5

20.00

19.00
18.00
19.00

48
48
48
48
48
48

35.4 17.00
37.5 18.00
41.7 20.00
39.6 19.00
37.5 18.00
39.6 19.00

2
2
2
2
2

39.6

17.00
18.00

19.00

2

39.6

19.00

48

43.8 21.00

2

43.8 21.00

48

45.8 22.00

2

45.8 22.00

48

39.6

19.00

2

19.00

48

41.7 20.00
47.9 23.00

22

*2

41.7 20.00
47.9 23.00

48
48

50.0

24.00

22

50.0 24.00

48

43.8
41.7
50.0
43.8

21.00
20.00
24.00
21.00

22
22
22
22

43.8
41.7
50.0
43.8

21.00
20.00

21.00

48
48
48
48

37.5
33.3

18.00
16.00

ii*

37.5
33.3

18.00
16.00

48
48

31.3

15.00

<1*

31.3

15.00

48

26.0

12.50

<1*

26.0

12.50

48

35.4
35.4

17.00
17.00

<1*
22

35.4
35.4

17.00
17.00

48
48

37.5

18.00

22

37.5

18.00

48

39.6

19.00

<1*

19.00

48

24.00

37.5 18.00
48
37.5 18.00
41i
Finishers, extra, printed
45.8 22.00
48
work................................ 45.8 22.00
4H
1Until 10 p. m .; double time thereafter.
2Work on Labor Day prohibited.
•Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* For New Year’s, Memorial, and Thanksgiving days; for other holidays and Sunday, double time.




UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOTJBS OP LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

161

T a b l e A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
BOOKBINDERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1.1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week. day Per week. Par week,
Pa- week.
full full half­ hour. full full
hour. full
full
day. time. holi­
time. day.* time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

North Atlantic—Concluded.
Philadelphia, Pa.—Concluded.
Finishers, h a l f bound,
blank work......................
Finishers, f u l l bound,
blank work.......................
Finishers, job, blank work.
Loose-leaf binders, blank
work................................
Forwarders, sheep and half
bound, printed work.......
Forwarders, extra, job,
printed work...................
Forwarders, half bound,
blank work......................
Forwarders, stock and job,
full bound, blank work...
Forwarders, j o b , f u l l
bound, blank work..........
Forwarders, plain, job........
Forwarders, cloth, printed
work................................
Rulers, faint line................
Rulers, unit line................ .
Rulers, extra, job, ledger
work................................
Rulers, second class, down­
line ruling........................
Rulers, head......................
Scranton, Pa.:
Cutters, book......................
Cutters, paper.....................
Finishers.............................
Forwarders, printed work..
Forwarders, blank work.
Rulers.............................

Cts. Dolls.
37.5 18.00

li

»2

8

48

Cts. Dolls.
37.5 18.00

8

48

39.6 19.00
43.8 21.00

12
li
li\ 12

8
8

48
48

39.6 19.00
43.8 21.00

8
8

48
48

37.5

18.00

li

12

8

48

37.5

18.00

8

48

39.6

19.00

* li

* li

8f

48

12 39.6

19.00

8f

48

12 43.8 21.00

8|

48

43.8

21.00

* li

* li

8f

48

33.3

16.00

li

12

8

48

33.3

|6.00

8

48

35.4

17.00

li

12

8

48

35.4

17.00

8

48

39.6
39.6

19.00
19.00

8
8f
8|
8f
8f

48
48

39.6
12 39.6

19.00
19.00

48
48

48
48
48

12 37.5
12 35.4
12 39.6

18.00
17.00
19.00

8
8f
ga
8f
8f

12
li
*liE 8l i

37.5 18.00
35.4 17.00
39.6 19.00

*1}
li
li

* li
2
2

41.7 20.00

li

2

8f

48

12 41.7 20.00

8f

48

37.5 18.00
43.8 21.00

li
liE

2
2

Sf

48
48

12 37.5 18.00
12 43.8 21.00

8*
8f

48
48

43.8
41.7
41.7
43.8
37.5
37.5

li
li

8
8
8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48
48
48

43.8 21.00
39.6 19.00
41.7 20.00
........ 43.8 21.00
37.5 18.00
37.5 18.00

8
8
8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48
48
48

21.00
20.00
20.00
21.00
18.00
18.00

11

i3
ii
ii

12
12
12
12
12
12

48
48
48

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Shops A .............................. 40.6 19.50
*8 <48
40.6 19.50 «8
ii\ 2
448
2
Shops B .............................. 37.9 19.50
9
37.9 19.50
51i
9
ii
m
Baltimore, Md.:
2
Cutters............................... 31.3 15.00
8
48
31.3 15.00
8
48
ii
Finishers, forwarders, and
rulers, printed and blank
ii
2
8
48
37.5 18.00
work................................ 37.5 18.00
8
48
Forwarders, general work.. 31.3 15.00
il
2
8
48
31.3 15.00
8
48
Richmond, Va.:
ii
8
48
Cutters................................ 31.3 15.00
31.3 15.00
8
48
li
48
Finishers and rulers............ 37.5 18.00
ii
8
37.5 18.00
48
if • 8
ii
Forwarders................ ........ 33.3 16.00
8
48
33.3 16.00
8
48
if
2
8
48
Washington, D. C.................... 37.5 518.00
37.5 518.00
8
48
li
i Work on Labor Day prohibited.
s Until midnight; double time thereafter.
9 For New Year’s. Memorial, and Thanksgiving days; for other holidays and Sunday, double time.
* Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
* Secrets
*’
' ---------- L ^ “
more than scale, some as high as
125 per w<

30061°— Bull. 194—16------ 11



162

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
BOOKBINDERS—Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.
Rate of wages—

H oursof
labor—

Rate of

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per
Per week,
full full hau- hour.
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by-

Hours of
labor—

Per
Per
week, Per Week,
full
full day. full
time.
time.

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Cutters, binder’s stock, or
book trimmers................ .
Cutters, stock.................... .
Cutter operators..................
Men in charge of stock and
cutting machines..............
Book repairers, or caser’s
helpers, or pasters and
Operating 1 automatic fold­
ing machine, or 1 papercovering machine, or glu­
ing and pasting machines,
or casing-in machines, set­
ting squares.....................
Operating indexing ma­
chines or casing-in ma­
chines..............................
Operating binding machines
Case makers, or operators
on case-making machines,
or edge gilders, or marblers, or machine round­
ers and backers, or ma­
chine stampers............... .
Operating 2 folding ma­

Cts. Dolls.
39.6 19.00
43.8 21.00
42.7 20.50

*8
*8
*8

*48
*48
*48

Cts.
39.6
43.8
42.7

Dolls.
19.00
21.00
20.50

*8
*8
*8

*48
*48
*48

*8

*48

46.9 22.50

*8

*48

46.9

22.50

37.5

18.00

*8

*48

37.5

18.00

*8

*48

39.6

19.00

*8

*48

39.6 19.00

*8

*48

*48
*48

40.6 19.50
41.7 20.00

40.6 19.50
41.7 20.00

l tt

iiI

*48
*48

43.8 21.00

28

*48

43.8 21.00

*8

*48

45.8 22.00

*8

*48

45.8

22.00

*8

*48

lU
Operating 3 folding ma52. V 25.00 *8
chines.....................
*8
*48
52.1 25.00 l l*
Finishers, printed *and
43.8 21.00 *8
blank work..................... . 43.8 21.00
*48
*8
Forwarders, cloth, leather,
and job........................... 43.8 21.00
*48
*8
43.8 21.00 *8
8
Rulers................................ 46.9 22.50 ill
8
46.9 22.50
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Cutters, stock.................... . 41.7 20.00
8
48
41.7 20.00
li
8
48
39.6 19.00
Cutters, splitters................ 39.6 19.00
if
35.4 17.00
8
8
48
Cutters............................... 35.4 17.00
if
8
43.8 21.00
8
48
Finishers or head rulers_
_ 43.8 21.00
ii
Forwarders, or rulers, sec­
8
ond class............
8
37.5 18.00
48
37.5 18.00
11
28
*48
Cleveland. Ohio...........
37.5 18.00 *8
37.5 18.00
i*
Detroit, Mich...............
37.5 18.00 4 if
48
12 37.5 18.00 * 3
43.8 21.00
Indianapolis, Ind........
45.8 22.00 4 if
•f 48
Kansas city, Mo.:
«35.4 17.00
35.4 17.00 *8
*8
*48
Cutters, pamphlets.
ij
Cutters, paper, or finishers
and forwarders, first grade,
*48
41.7 20. 0 0 ] *8
*8
or rulers.........
Ml. 7 20.00
ii
i Double time on Saturday after completion of 48-hour week.
* Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
* Until 9 p. m.; double time thereafter, and on Saturday after completion of 48-hour week.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* 8J hours on Monday.
* Scale became 37.5 cents on Oct. 1,1915.
7 Scale became 43.8 cents on Oct. 1,1915.




*48
*48
*48
48
48
48
48
48
48
*48
48
48
*48
*48

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

163

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
BOOKBINDERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.
Rate of wages—

May 1,1914.

Hoursof
labor—

Rate of

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holiPer
Par
Par Satur­
Per
days. Par week, day Per week, Per week,
Par week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. fa ir
day. time.
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byNorth Central—Concluded.
Kansas City, Mo.—Concluded.
Finishers, second grade, or
rulers, faint lin e............. .
Forwarders, second grade...
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Cutters................................
Finishers.............................
Forwarders........................ .
Rulers, first class............... .
Rulers, second class............
Omaha, Nebr.:
C u tters and forwarders,
first class.........................
Cutters and forwarders, sec­
ond class..........................
Finishers or rulers............. .
St. Louis, Mo.:
Cutters................................
Finishers, first class............
Finishers, second class........
Forwarders, blank work—
Rulers, first class................
Rulers, second class............
St. Paul, Minn.:
Cutters or forwarders, print­
ed work...........................
Finishers or forwarders,
blank work......................
Rulers.................................

Cts. DoUs.
137.5 18.00
»36.5 17.50
38.5
40.6
37.5
36.5
29.2

*8
*8
8
8
8
8
8

18.50
19.50
18.00
17.50
14.00

*48
*48
48
48
48
48
48

Cts. DoUs.
37.5 18.00
36.5 17.50
38.5
40.6
37.5
36.5
29.2

18.50
19.50
18.00
17.50
14.00

12 41.7

*48
*48
48
48
48
48
48

20.00

48

37.5 18.00
41.7 20.00

48
48

22.00
20.00

if
1
1
lj

39.6
47.9
43.8
39.6
45.8
41.7

22.00
20.00

48
48
48
48
48
48

32.7 16.00

«U

12 32.7

16.00

49

nt

36.7
36.7

18.00
18.00

49

37.5

41.7 20.00
37.5 18.00
41.7 20.00
39.6
47.9
43.8
39.6
45.8
41.7

19.00
23.00
21.00
19.00

U

8i

it
if

36.7
36.7

18.00
18.00

37.5

18.00

ii

48

37.5 18.00
39.6 21.00
43.8 21.00
40.6 19.50

*14
*1*
•1h
l|

48
53
48
*48

19.00
23.00
21.00
19.00

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala......................
Dallas, Tex.:
Shops A ..............................
Shops B ............................. .
Houston, Tex............................
Little Rock, Ark.......................
New Orleans, La.:
Cutters................................
Finishers, forwarders, or
rulers...............................
Forwarders, half bound......

3L3

15.00

37.5 18.00
25.0 12.00

18.00

48

37.5 18.00
39.6 21.00
43.8 21.00
40.6 19.50

48
53
48
*48

li

48

31.3

15.00

48

if

48
48

37.5
25.0

18.00
12.00

48
48

li

50.0

24.00

48

li

29.2

14.00

Western.
Denver, Colo...............................50.0 24.00
Bindery employees (fore­
women).............................29.2 14.00
Bindery employees (journeywomen)...................... .25.0 12.00
Los Angeles, Cal........................ .40.6 19.50
i Scale became 39.6 cents on Oct. 1,1915.
* Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
* Scale became 38.5 cents on Oct. 1,1915.




a

25.0 12.00
40.6 19.50
<Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* For first 4 hours: double time thereafter.
* Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter.

48
48
48

164

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A*— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
BOOKBINDERS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hoursof
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
Num­
ber
of
Sun­
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half- hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

Western—^Concluded.
Portland, Oreg..........................
Salt Lake City, Utah................
San Francisco, Cal................... .
Seattle. Wash.:
Cutters, finishers, and for­
warders.......................... .
Rulers...............................
Spokane, Wash.:
Cutters...............................
Finishers, forwarders, and
rulers...............................

Cts.
43.8
43.8
50.0

Dolls.
21.00
21.00
24.00

Cts.
43.8
43.8
50.0

Dolls.
21.00
21.00
24.00

48
48
48

46.9
52.1

22.50
25.00

46.9

22.50
25.00

48
48

52.1

25.00

25.00

48

50.0 24.00

50.0 24.00

48

COMPOSITORS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass........
Bridgeport, Conn..
Buffalo, N. Y .:
English...........
German..........
Fall River, Mass...
Manchester, N. H .,
Newark, N. J.:
German.............
New Haven, Conn..,
New York, N. Y .:
English..

43.8 21.00
37.5 18.00

*1
IJ

2
IJ

8f
8

48
48

12 43.8 21.00
37.5 18.00

41.7 20.00
39.6 19.00
33.3 16.00
35.4 17.00

IJ
if
if
*l|

2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48

47.9 23.00
47.9 23.00
40.6 19.50

if
2 if

2
2
2

8
8
8

48
48
48

81
8

48
48

41.7 20.00
39.6 19.00
33.3 16.00
35.4 17.00

8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48

47.9 23.00
47.9 23.00
40.6 19.50

8
8
8

48
48
48

3 50.0 *24.00
2
8
848
8
848
50.0 324.00
ij
62
37.5 18.00 </
8
48
37.5 18.00
8
48
4
G erm an...
44
12 54.5 24.00
44
8
54.5 24.00
2
8
ij
54.3 25.00
2
46
54.3 25.00
8
46
Hebrew.......... .
8
if
42
12 47.6 20.00
42
Hungarian...... .
20.00
2
47.6
7J
7J
if
Italian..............
2
54.8 23.00
8
7
43.8 21.00
48
42
if
Philadelphia, Pa.:
English........... .
748
41.7 20.00 *il
*48
41.7 20.00 7 8*
*1J *8
German.......... .
2
ii
39.6 19.00
48
39.6 19.00
8
48
8
ii
2
Pittsburgh, P a ....,
8
48
48
41.7 20.00
8
41.7 20.00
2
37.5 18.00
8
48
37.5 18.00 2 li
48
8
Providence, R . I....
2
39.6 19.00 78
748
Rochester, N. Y ....
39.6 19.00 a li
748
*8
Scranton. Pa..........
8 If
8
48
43.8 21.00
48
43.8 21.00
li
8
11
8
48
48
45.8 22.00
Proof readers...
45.8 22.00
8
8 if 7 8
34.4 16.50 7 8
748
*48
Worcester, M ass....
34.4 16.50
1
if
i For first 4 hours; double time thereafter.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* 44 hours ana $22 per week, June to August, inclusive.
<50 cents per hour.
* For holidays; for Sunday, 50 cents per hour.
« For New Year’s, Memorial, and Thanksgiving days; for other holidays and Sunday, double time.
7Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
« For holidays; for Sunday, double time.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915,

165

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
COMPOSITORS—Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.
Honrs of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Geographical division and city.

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga..........................
Baltimore, Md......................
Charleston. S. C....................
Jacksonville, Fla..................
Proof readers..................
Richmond, Va......................
Washington, D. C................
Makers-up and stonemen...

Rate of

Hours of
labor—

1 ber
of
Sun­
days
|
mos.
Over­ and
: with
Per time. holi­ Per Par Satur­
Per week,
days. full week, day Per
hour. full
full
dftyt time. half­ hour.
time.
holi­
days.
Hourly rate
multiplfed
by-

Per
Per
week, Par week,
full
full day. full
time.
time.

Cts.
37.5
87.5
33.3
43.8
46.9
37.5
40.0
42.1

DoUs.
18.00
18.00
16.00
21.00
22.50
18.00
19.20
20.20

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
*47.9
50.0
52.1
43.8

1*
(*)
ii
lj
1
l
l
1

12
2
2
*2
<2

24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
21.00

\
§11
«l I

20.00

* 1\
*11

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
i*
2
2
li
2
2

if
1*

*8
*8
8
*8
*8
*8
8
8

*48
*48
48
*48
*48
*48
48
48

Cts.
37.5
37.5
33.3
43.8
46.9
33.3
40.0
........ 42.1

DoUs.
18.00
18.00
16.00
21.00
22.50
16.00
19.20
20.20

*8
*8
8
*8
*8
*8
8
8

*48
*48
48
*48
*48
*48
48
48

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

50.0
50.0
50.0
50.0
43.8
50.0
52.1
43.8

24.00
24.00
24.00
24.00
21.00
24.00
25.00
21.00

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

41.7
•50.0
39.1
38.5
36.5

20.00

North Central.
Chicago. HI.:
English.................
Bohemian.............
G e rm a n ...........
Norwegian........... .
Polish...................
Swedish................
Proof readers..
Cincinnati, Ohio........ .
Cleveland, Ohio:
English.................
English................ .
H ungarian.........
Detroit, Mich............. .
Grand Rapids, Mich..,
Indianapolis, Ind.:
English.................
German................
Kansas City, Mo.........
Milwaukee, W is.:
English.................
German................
Minneapolis, M inn....,
Omaha, Nebr.:

41.7
•50.0
1041.4
43.8
38*5

..... .

2
5 li
*11

ft lj
* lj
1

18.00
1
21.00 1*1
18.50
li

45.8 22.00
43.8 21.00
43.8 21.00
45.8 22.00
45.8 22.00
43.8 21.00

*11\
n
81
3
1
lj

2
<*>
n
2
2
12
4

8
48
8
48
7} n 43*
*8 *48
*8 *48

i7.00
18.50
17.50

8
48
8
48
7} U43*
*48
*8
*8
*48

8
8
8

48
48
48

43.8 21.00
43.3 21.00
41.7 20.00

8
8
8

48
48
48

*8
*8
8

*48
*48
48

43.8 21.00
43.8 21.00
43.8 21.00

*8
*8
8

*48
*48
48

1543.8 21.00
48
37.5 18.00
8
lj
1*
Bohemian and German..
46.9 22.50
8
46.9 22.50
8
48
1
if
Peoria, HI.............................
40.0 19.20
8
48
40.0 19.20
8
M
if
i For Sunday; for holidays, time and a half.
* Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
* 50 cents per hour.
* For holidays; for Sunday, time and a half.
ft Until 8 p. m.; double time thereafter, and on Saturday after completion of 48-hour week.
* Until 8 p. m.; double time thereafter.
* Scale became 50 cents on July 1,1915.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* Per 1,000 ems, 6-point to 12-point, inclusive.
io Scale became 43.7 cents on Nov. 1,1915.
u Allowed 6 days off each year, with pay.
i* Until 9 p. m.; double time thereafter.
1315 cents per hour more than single time.
1 For Memorial and New Year’s days, time and a half.
4
1 Scale became 45.8 cents on Oct. 1,1915.
5




48
48
48

166

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
COMPOSITORS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,, 1914.

Bate of
Hours of
labor—
wages—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full fall
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byHours of
labor—

Bate of wages—

North Central—Concluded.
St. Louis. Mo.:
English.............................
German............................
St. Paul, Minn.......................

Cts.
43.8
43.8
43.8

DoUs.
21.00
21.00
21.00

i li
11
•11

2
2
2

8
8
8

40.6
52.1
50.0
41.7
39.6
45.0
43.8

19.50
25.00
24.00
20.00
19.00
21.60
21.00

(*)
lj
1
1
«1
<)
7
•11

2
2
li
2
*1*
li

8
8
8
#8
*8
8
8

48
48
48
•48
*48
48
48

54.2
50.0
53.1
52.1
50.0
53.1
53.1

26.00
24.00
25.50
25.00
24.00
25.50
25.50

•lj
1
1
1
•1
1
1
»1

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

Cts.
43.8
43.8
43.8

48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

DoUs.
21.00
21.00
21.00

8
8
8

48
48
48

40.6 19.50
52.1 25.00
47.9 23.00
37.5 18.00
39.6 19.00
40.0 19.20
43.8 21.00

8
8
8
*8
*8
8
8

48
48
48
#48
#48
48
48

8
8
8
8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

8|
8
9
8
81

48
48
53
44
48

8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala...................
Dallas, Tex.............................
Houston, Tex.........................
Little Rock, Ark....................
Louisville, Ky........................
Memphis, Tenn......................
New Orleans, La....................
Western.
Denver, Colo..........................
Los Angeles, Cal.....................
Portland, Oreg.......................
Salt Lake City, Utah.............
San Francisco, Cal..................
Seattle, Wash.........................
Spokane, Wash.......................

2
2
if
if
2
li

54.2
50.0
53.1
50.0
50.0
53.1
53.1

26.00
24.00
25. B0
24.00
24.00
25.50
25.50

ELECTROTYPERS: Batterymen and builders.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass..........
Buffalo, N. Y ..........
New Haven, Conn..
New York, N .Y .
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Batterymen.
Builders.......
Rochester, N. Y .
Scranton, Pa___

41.7 20.00
37.5 18.00
33.3 18.00
53.1 23.38
43.8 21.00

*11
1•
1
*1
*1

2
2
2
2
2

81
8
9
8

48
48
54
44
48

37.5
37.5
31.3
37.5

•1|
• if
if
if

2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48

18.00
18.00
15.00
18.00

12 41.7 20.00
37.5 18.00
32.1 17.00
12 50.0 22.00
12 43.8 21.00
31.3
34.4
31.3
37.5

15.00
16.50
15.00
18.00

South Atlantic.
34.4 16.50
2
12 34.4 16.50
Atlanta, Ga---48
*t
*1
12 31.3 15.00
2
Baltimore,.Md..
33.3 16.00 » l i
48
8|
%
i Until 11 p. m.; double time thereafter.
* Until 10 p. m.; double tftue thereafter.
» After 8 hours and before 6 p. m., 50 cents per hour; after 6 p. m., 60 cents per hour.
* For holidays; for Sunday, double time.
6 Hours vary, but total 48 hours per week.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
7 60 cents per hour.
* Until 10.30 p. m.; double time thereafter.
* Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter, and after 5 p. m. on Saturday.




48
48

UNION" SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY 1,1915.

167

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
ELECTROTYPERS: Batterymen and builders—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
la b o r-

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
days
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur*
days. Per week,
Per week,
full full &£ .P er week, full week,
hour. full
full
full
day. time. holi­ hour. time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied

North Central.
Chicago, 111.............................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Batterymen, backers, cast­
ers. and floor men.......... .
Builders..............................
Cleveland, Ohio....................... .
Detroit, Mich........................... .
Grand Rapids. Mich................
Indianapolis.Ind..................... .
Milwaukee. W is.......................
Minneapolis, Minn................... .
Omaha, Nebr........................... .
St. Louis, Mo...........................
St. Paul, Minn..........................

Cts. DoUs.
43.8 21.00
33.3
37.5
37.5
37.5
25.0
37.5
31.3
33.3
37.5
33.3
•33.3

16.00
18.00
18.00
18.00

12.00

18.00
15.00
16.00
18.00
16.00
16.00

*8
«li
«li
®li
«li
li
«lJ
li
ill
l\
411
41.

Cts. DoUs.
43.8 21.00

<48

33.3
37.5
12. 34.4
12 37.5
25.0
37.5
31.3
33.3
37.5
33.3
33.3

18.00
15.00
16.00
18.00
16.00
16.00

48

8
8
*8
*8
8

48
48
48
48
48
48
*48
*48
48
48
48

12 37.5

*8

18,00

16.00
18.00
16.50
18.00
12.00

8
8
*8
*8
8

*48
48
48
48
48
48
48
*48
*48
48
48
48

South Central.
Birmingham, A la ................... . 37.5

18.00

48

ELECTROTYPERS: Finishers and molders.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass..............
Buffalo, N .Y .............
New Haven, Conn......
New York, N .Y .........
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Finishers..............
Finishers’ helpers.
Molders.................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Molders. llllllllV .
Rochester, N. Y .:
Finishers..............
Molders.................
Scranton. Pa.:
Finishers...............
Molders.................

50.0
43.8
40.7
65.6

24.00
21.00
22.00
28.88

»1|
if

2
2

If
7 If

2

7U

2

47.9 23.00
43.8 21.00
52.1 25.00

7 If

2
2
2

43.8 21.00
50.0 24.00

u l

37.5 18.00
43.8 21.00
41.7 20.00
47.9 23.00

8f
8
9
8

48
48
54
44

12 50.0
43.8
39.6
12 62.5

24.00
21.00
21.00
27.50

8f
8
9
8

48
48
53
44

ga

8f
8|
8f

48
48
48

48
48
48

12 47.9 23.00
12 43.8 21.00
12 52.1 25.00

2
2

8§
8*
8
8

48
48

43.8 21.00
50.0 24.00

8
8

48
48

ll

2
2

8
8

48
48

37.5 18.00
43.8 21.00

8
8

48
48

ll

2
2

8
8

48
48

41.7 20.00
47.9 23.00

8
8

48
48

81

48

8§

48
48
44

u|

50.0 24.00
Atlanta, Ga..........
2
48
12 50.0 24.00
81
li
Baltimore, Md.:
45.8 22.00 4 I f
2
Finishers........
8§
48
12 43.8 21.00
Molders..........
50.0 24.00
2
48
12 45.8 22.00
8|
Washington, D. C.
2
44
12 50.0 22.00
52.1 22.92
8
ll
* Until 9 p. m.; double time thereafter, and after 4 p. m. on Saturday.
* Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
4 Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter, and after 5 p. m. on Saturday.
* Until midnight: double time thereafter, and after 5 p. m. on Saturday.
6Until 9 p. m.; double time thereafter.
* Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter.
* Scale became 35.4 cents on July 1,1915.




8

168

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
ELECTROTYPERS: Finishers and molders—Concluded.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
days
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
fuU fuU half- hour. full full fulF
hour. full
day. time. fcolitime.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
North Central.
Chicago. Rl.:
Finishers..........................
Molders............................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Finishers..........................
Molders............................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Finishers..........................
Molders............................
Second molders................
Detroit, Mich.........................
Grand Rapids, Mich...............
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Finishers..........................
Molders............................
Kansas City , Mo....................
Milwaukee. W is.....................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Finishers..........................
Molders............................
Omaha, Nebr.........................
St. Louis. Mo.:
Finishers..........................
Molders............................
Molders, head..................
St. Paul, Mum.:
Finishers..........................
Molders............................

Cts. DcUs.
52.1 25.00
56.3 27.00

22
22

848
«48

as. DoUs.

52.1
56.3

25.00
27.00

8 48
8 48

45.8 22.00
50.0 24.00

48
48

45.8 22.00
50.0 24.00

48
48

47.9
52.1
43.8
47.9
37.5

23.00
25.00

48
48
48
48
48

44.8
52.1
43.8
47.9
37.5

21.50
25.00
21.00
23.00
18.00

48
48
48
48
48

45.8
47.9
46.9
43.8

22.00

23.00
22.50

45.8
47.9
43.8
43.8

22.00

21.00

48
48
48
8 48

23.00
21.00
21.00

48
48
48
8 48

743.8 21.00
850.0 24.00
43.8 21.00

8 48
8 48
48

43.8 21.00
50.0 24.00
43.8 21.00

8 48
8 48
48

45.8 22.00
47.9 23.00
52.1 25.00

48
48
48

45.8 22.00
47.9 23.00
52.1 25.00

48
48
48

743.8 21.00
850.0 24.00

48
48

43.8 21.00
50.0 24.00

48
48

12 50.0 24.00

48

21.00

23.00
18.00

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala...................
Dallas, Tex.:
Finishers..........................
Molders............................
Memphis, Tenn......................

50.0

24.00

37.5 18.00
41.7 20.00
45.8 22.00

37.5
41.7
45.8

18.00

20.00
22.00

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Finishers..........................
Molders............................
Los Angeles, Cal....................
Portland, Oreg.......................
San Francisco, Cal..................
Seattle, Wash.........................

43.8
52.1
50.0
50.0
56.3
52.1

21.00

25.00
24.00
24.00
27.00
25.00

•1}
•1
l«li
1
li
li

43.8 21.00
52.1 25.00
50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
56.3 27.00
52.1 25.00

1 Until 9 p. m.; double time thereafter, and after 4 p. m. on Saturday.
* Work on Labor Day prohibited.
8 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
« Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter and after 5 p. m. on Saturday.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter and after 5 p. m. on Saturday.
8 Until 9 p. m.; double time thereafter.
7 Scale became 45.8 cents on July 1,1915.
8 Scale became 52.1 cents on July 1,1915.
» Until 10 p. m.; double time therealter.
w Until midnight; double time thereafter.




48
48

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

169

T a b l e A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
LINOTYPE OPERATORS.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
wages—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half- hour. full full full
. full
day. time. nolitime.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass..........
Bridgeport, Conn...
Bnffalo/N. Y .........
Manchester, N. H ..
Newark. N. J.:
English.............
German............
New Haven, Conn..
New York. N. Y .:
English.............
German............
Hebrew............
Hungarian........
Italian..............
Philadelphia, Pa.:
English.............
German............
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
English.............
German. . .......
Providence, R. I _
_
Rochester, N. Y ___
Scranton, Pa..........
Worcester, Mass___

Cts.
47.9
43.8
60.0
35.4

DoUs.
23.00
21.00
24.00
17.00

il
ii
ll
‘ li

2
li
2
2

8
8

48
48
48
48

47.9 23.00
47.9 23.00
45.8 22.00

li
li
Hi

2
2
2

8
8
8 .

48
48
48

li
1
1
1
li

2
2
2
2
2

8 *48
7i 37i
36
6
7i 42
42
7

45.8 22.00
55.0 22.00

*1]
ll[

• li
2

<8
8

<48
40

45.8 22.00
55.0 22.00

<8
8

<48
40

50.0
50.8
47.9
45.8
45.8
43.8

24.00
24.40
23.00
22.00
22.00
21.00

n
(6
)
hi
11
ij
ij

2
2
2
2
•H
li

8
8
8
<8
8
<8

48
48
48
<48
48
<48

50.0
49.0
47.9
45.8
45.8
43.8

24.00
23.50
23.00
22.00
22.00
21.00

8
8
8
<8
8
<8

48
48
48
<48
48 <48

46.9
46.9
37.5
52.1
45.8
•1L0
50.0

22.50
*22.50
18.00
25.00
22.00

72
2
2
82
li
li
li

<8
<8
8
<8
<8
<8
8

<48
<48
48
<48
<48
<48
48

46.9
46.9
37.5
52.1
41.7
«11.0
50.0

22.50
22.50*
18.00
25.00
20.00

<8
<8
8
<8
<8
<8
8

<48
<48
48
<48
<48
<48
48

54.2
66.7
83.3
57.1
54.8

*26.00
25.00
30.00
24.00
23.00

8f

Cts.
12 47.9
43.8
50.0
35.4

DoUs.
23.00
21.00
24.00
17.00

47.9 23.00
47.9 23.00
45.8 22.00
' 3 54.2
66.7
83.3
12 54.8
43.8

*26.00
25.00
30.00
23.00
21.00

8|
8
8
8

'48
48
48
48

8
8
8

48
48
48

8
7i
6
7i
8

*48
37i
36
42
48

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga..........
Baltimore, Md......
Charleston, S. C ...
Jacksonville, F la ..
Richmond, V a.. . .
Richmond, Va—
Washington, D. C.

24.00

li
1
1
1f
l] i
l,
1f

24.00

North Central.
Chicago, HI.:
13
50.0 24.00 W
48
8
English....
2
8
50.0 24.00
48
56.0 20.16
56.0 20.16 111 [
Bohemian.
2
6
36
6
36
German. . .
48
50.0 24.00
8
48
50.0 24.00
2
2
8
48
50.0 24.00
8
48
50.0 24.00 1013| 2
8
Norwej
48
50.0 24.00
8
48
2
8
Swe<
50.0 24.00 Ml
i Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* 44 hours and $23.83 per week, June to August, inclusive.
3 For New Year's, Memorial, and Thanksgiving days; for all other holidays and Sunday, double
time.
<Hours vary, but total 48 per week,
ft 75 cents per hour.
• For holidays; for Sunday, double time.
7 For Sunday; for holidays, time and a half.
* For holidays; for Sunday, time and a half.
• Per 1,000 ems, minion.
io Until 8 p. m.; double time thereafter, and on Saturday after completion of 48-hour week,
n Until 8 p. m.; double time thereafter.




170

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
LINOTYPE OPERATORS—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
wages—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half- hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Hours of
laboi>-

Rate of wages—

North Central—Concluded.
Cincinnati. Ohio:
English..............................
German.............................
Cleveland, Ohio:
English..............................
Hungarian.........................
DetroiTMich.............................
Grand Kapids, Mich.: Monotype
operators............. ..............
Indianapolis, Ind..................
Kansas City, Mo...................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
English...........................
German..........................
Minneapolis, Minn................
Omaha, Nebr.:
English...........................
German..........................
Peoria,111.: Monotype operators.
St. Louis, Mo.:
English...........................
German..........................
St. Paul, Minn......................

Cts. DoUs.
52.1 25.00
39.6 19.00

U
C
1)

53.8 25.80
56.3 24.50
55.0 26.40

<*
0
2

4ii

Cts. DoUs.
52.1 25.00
39.6 19.00

8
8

8
48
7i 43i
»8 #48

53.8 25.80
54.0 23.50
55.0 26.40

8
7i
58

8
8

48
48

48
48
48
43|

5 48

*8
8
8

548
48
48

43.8
50.0
55.2

21.00

58
8
8

5 48

52.1 25.00
52.1 25.00
50.0 24.00

2
H
2
2
•2

»8
»8
8

848
548
48

50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00

58

5 48
5 48

53.1 25.50
46.9 22.50
40.0 19.20

li
li
if

8
8
8

48
48
48

24.00
46.9 22.50
40.0 19.20

8
8
8

48
48
48

8
8
8

48
48
48

50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00

8
8
8

48
48
48

8
8
8
*8
*8
8

48
48
48
5 48
5 48
48
45
45

25.20

8
8
8
58
58
8

48
48
48
5 48
5 48
48
45
45

45.8 22.00
50.0 24.00
57.3 27.50

50.0
50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00

24.00
26.50

58
8

48
48
48

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.
Dallas, Tex...........
Houston, Tex.......
Little Rock, A rk..
Louisville, Ky......
Memphis, T en n ...
New Orleans, L a ..
New Orleans, L a ..

54.5
ni2.5
ll12.5
50.0
50.0
56.3
53.3
H15.0

26.16

%
ll

li
24.00
24.00 *li
27.00
if
24.00 »1 ?
l*li

52.5
H12.5
U12.5
50.0
50.0
62.5
53.3
U15.0

24.00
24.00
30.00
24.00

Western.
54.2 26.00 1 U
3
Denver, Colo.............
60.4 29.00
Los Angeles, Cal........
if
65.6 31.50
Portland, Oreg..........
if
56.3 27.00
Salt Lake City, Utah.
if
ll
150 cents per hour.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
s Until midnight; work thereafter prohibited.
* For Sunday; do not work on holidays.

54.2
60.4
65.6
56.3

26.00
29.00
31.50
27.00

« For New "?ear and Memorial Day*, time and a half.
7 Until 11 p. m.; double time thereafter.
* Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter.
9 After 8 hours and before 6 p. m., 50 cents per hour; after 6 p. m., 60 cents per hour.
1 For holidays; for Sunday, double time,
0
n Per 1,000 ems, nonpareil.
i* Until 10.30 p. m.; double time thereafter.
1 Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter, and after 5 p. m. on Saturday.
3




48
48
48
48

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

171

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
LINOTYPE OPERATORS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full fulP
hour. fall
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hoorlyrate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

Western—Concluded.
San Francisco, Cal.:
English........................
French........................
German.......................
Italian.........................
Swedish.......................
Spokane, Wash..............

CU.
64.4
57.8
57.8
57.8
57.8
66.7

Dolls.
29.00
26.00
26.00
26.00
26.00
30.00

Cts.
64.4
57.8
57.8
57.8
57.8
66.7

DoUs.
29.00
26.00
26.00
26.00
26.00
30.00

48
12 47.9
48 ........ 47.9

23.00
23.00

8f
8

48
48

52.1
55.2
61.5
65.6

*25.00
*26.50
<29.50
*31.50

8
8
8
8

*48
*48
<48
*48

45
45
45
45
45
45

MACHINE TENDERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass................
Newark, N. J................
New York, N. Y .:
1 to 4 machines.......
5 to 8 machines.......
9 to 12 machines...
13 or more machines

47.9 23.00
47.9 23.00

2
2

8f
8

52.1
55.2
61.5
65.6

2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8

*48
*48
* 48
548

2
U

•8
8

•48
48

43.8 21.00
50.0 24.00

8
•8

<48
48

2
2
li
2
H
2
2

8
8
8
8
•8
•8
8

48
48
48
48
•48
•48
48

50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
52.1 25.00
53.8 25.80
39.6 19.00
50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00

8
8
8
8
•8
•8
8

48
48
48
48
•48
•48
48

2
2
1*

8
•8
•8
7i

48
* 48
•48
45

72.9
37.5
47.9
53.3

35.00
18.00
23.00
24.00

8
•8
•8
7i

48
•48
•48
45

2
H

8
7i

48
45

60.4
71.1

29.00
32.00

8
7i

48
45

*25.00
826.50
*29.50
*31.50

Sooth Atlantic.
Baltimore, Md..............
Washington, D. C.........

43.8 21.00
50.0 24.00

North Central.
Chicago, HI.:
English...................
Swedish..................
Cincinnati, Ohio...........
Cleveland, Ohio............
Detroit, Mich................
Milwaukee, W is............
St. Louis, Mo................

50.0
50.0
52.1
53.8
39.6
52.1
50.0

Sooth Central.
Houston, Tex...............
Little Bock, Ark..........
Louisville, K y..............
New Orleans, La..........

72.9 35.00
50.0 24.00
47.9 23.00
53.3 24.00

i|
1*
11|
• li

Western.
Los Angeles, Cal...........
San Francisco, Cal........

60.4
71.1

>1
1

1
1

24.00
24.00
25.00
19.00
25.00
24.00

29.00
32.00

3
3
3
3

1Until midnight: double time thereafter.
* 44 houre and 122.92 per week, June to August, inclusive,
s 44 hours and $24.29 per week, June to August, inclusive.
* 44 hours and $27.04 per week, June to August, inclusive.
* 44 hours and $29.29 per week, June to August, inclusive.
* Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
? Until 8 p. m.; double time thereafter, and on Saturday after completion of 48-hour week,
s Until 11 p. m .; double time thereafter.
* Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter.




172

BULLETIN OF THE BUBEAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
MACHINIST OPERATORS.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­
full
hour. full
hour. full day. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Rate of wages—

North Atlantic.
Buffalo, N .Y ................
Rochester, N. Y ............
Worcester, Mass............

Cts.
54.2
50.0
43.8

DoUs,
26.00
24.00
21.00

li
ili
li

8
*8
*8

48
* 48
*48

Cts.
54.2
50.0
43.8

Dolls.
26.00
24.00
21.00

8
*8
*8

48
*48
*48

53.1
56.3

25.50
27.00

lj
1
|

*2
42

>8
*8

*48
*48

53.1
56.3

25.50
27.00

*8
*8

*48
*48

50.0
55.0
62.5
50.0
53.1
56.3

24.00
26.40
30.00
24.00
25.50
27.00

6 11

‘ 1
1
1
1
*1

2
1}
if
•2
1*
2

8
*8
8
8
8
8

48
*48
48
48
48
48

50.0
55.0
62.5
50.0
53.1
56.3

24.00
26.40
30.00
24.00
25.50
27.00

8
*8
8
8
8
8

48
*48
48
48
48
48

64.5
K
>12.5
72.9
56.3
51.1
60.0

30.96
.......
35.00
27.00
24.52
27.00

(8
)

•l*
2
2
li
2
U

8
8
8
28
*8
7*

48
48
48
*48
*48
45

62.5
1012.5
72.9
56.3
51.1
60.0

30.00
.. .
35.00
27.00
24.52
27.00

8
8
8
*8
*8
7}

48
48
48
8 48
*48
45

1|
if

8
7}

48
45

62.5 30.00
71.1 32.00

8
7}

48
45

2
2
1*

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...................
Jacksonville, Fla..........
North Central.
Chicago, HI...................
Detroit, Mich................
Kansas City, Mo...........
Minneapolis, Minn........
Omaha, Nebr................
St. Paul, Minn......... .
South Central.
Birmingham, Ala..........
Dallas, Tex...................
Houston, Tex...............
Little Rock, Ark..........
Louisville, K y...............
New Orleans, La..........

li
1

11

*1
1 li
1

Western.
Salt Lake City, Utah...
San Francisco, Cal........

62.5 30.00
71.1 32.00

i;
i iiI

i Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* Hours vary, Dut total 48 per week.
s For Sunday; for holidays, time and a half.
« For holidays; for Sunday, time and a half.
* Until 8 p. m.; double time thereafter.
« For New Year and Memorial Day, time and a half.
i Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter.
* After 8 hours and before 6 p. m., 50 cents per hour; after 6 p. m., 60 cents per hour.
8 For holidays; for Sunday, double time.
io Per 1,000 ems, nonpareil, and 50 cents per day additional,
n Until 10.30 p. m.; double time thereafter.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

173

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY J, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESS FEEDERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.
Rate of wages-'

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week.
Per week,
full full half- hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byNorth Atlantic—Continued.
Buffalo. N. Y .:
Cylinder presses................ .
Cylinder presses (females)..
Automatic cylinder presses.
Folding-machine operators.
Assistants, rotary presses...
Assistants, automatic pla-

Cts.
27.1
18.8
29.2
35.4
30.2

Dolts.
*13.00
*9.00
414.00
617.00
614.50

*1!
*1 r
* l :r
* lr
« lf

148
*48
*48
*48
*48

Cts.
27.1
18.8
29.2
35.4
30.2

DoUs.
U3.00
*9.00
*14.00
517.00
*14.50

148
*48
448
548
* 48

748
*1}
748
25.0 712.00
*48
20.8 * 10.00 2lf
*48
20.8 * 10.00
Platen presses (female)____ 16.7 •8.00 • If
*48
*48
16.7 *8.00
48
Newark, N. J.: Cylinder presses. 33.3 16.00 M1}
33.3 16.00
48
New Haven, Conn.:
48
48
25.0 12.00
25.0 12.00
Platen presses
20.8 10.00
20.8 10.00
48
W
New York, N. Y .:
Cylinder presses, or 1 fold­
ing mftfthfaft..................... 35.4 17.00 11 1*
35.4 17.00
Automatic feeding ma­
chines, or 2 folding ma­
38.5 18.50
48
chines............................... 38.5 18.50 U If
48
48
Sheet-feed rotary presses... 39.6 19.00 u i i
39.6 19.00
48
First assistants, McKee
48
43.8 21.00
process presses..................
21.00 u i i
48
Second assistants, McKee
48
38.5 18.50
38.5 18.50 n H
48
748
748
Platen presses___________ 25.0 *12.00 121}
25.0 ^12.00
Philadelphia, Pa. (competitive
oillces):
Cylinder presses, 25 by 38
4
4
14 48
28.1 13.50 14 8
inches or over.................. 28.1 13.50 •li 1*1* 1 8 1 48
Cylinder presses, less than
4
14 48
24.0 11.50 1 8
25 by 38 inches................ 24.0* 11.50 •li 1*1* w8 14 48
Flat-bed perfecting press,
or presses with automatic
4
>4 48
30.2 14.50 1 8
4
feed.................................. 30.2 14.50 •li l*li 1*8 1 48
Press assistants, rotary
1 8 14 48
4
31.3 15.00
1*1} 1*8 14 48
presses, all sizes............... 31.3 15.00
20.8 10.00 i<8 H48
Presses, all sizes (females)... 20.8 10.00 III 1*1} M8 14 48
144 hours and $11.92 per week, June to August, inclusive.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* 44 hours and $8.25 per week, June to August, inclusive.
444 hours and $12.83 per week, June to August, inclusive.
* 44 hours and $15.58 per week, June to August, inclusive.
* 44 hours and $13.29 per week, June to August, inclusive.
744 hours and $11.00 per week, June to August, inclusive.
* 44 hours and $9.17 per week, June to August, inclusive.
* 44 hours and $7.33 per week, June to August, inclusive.
i* Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter, and after 6 p. m. on Saturday,
n For first 5 hours: double time thereafter.
1 Until 10 p .m .; double time thereafter. . ,
2
„ ,
J For New Year's, Memorial, and Thanksgiving days; for all other holidays and Sunday, double time.
*
1 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
4




25.0 712.00

174

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESS FEEDERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. hoU­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. fuU fuU full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Rate of wages—

North Atlantic—Concluded.
Philadelphia, Pa. (noncompeti­
tive offices):
Cylinder presses, 25 by 38 Cts.
inches or over.................. 29.2
Cylinder presses, less than
25 by 38 inches................. 25.0
Flat-bed perfecting press. . . 32.3
Four-color wet proving
31.3
Press assistants, automatic
feed, or two-color presses. 31.3
Press assistants, rotary
presses less than 46 inches. 33.3
Press assistants, rotary
presses 46 and less than
69 inches.......................... 37.5
Press assistants, rotary
presses 69 inches or over.. 39.6
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Cylinder presses.........
27.1
Cylinder presses (females).. 20.8
Platen presses..................... 18.8
Platen presses (females)___ 16.7
Providence, R. I.:
25.0
Platen presses..................... 20.8
Rochester. N . Y .:
Cylinder presses.................. 22.9
Platen presses..................... 18.8
Scranton, Pa.:
Cylinder presses, or web
automatic presses........... . 29.2
18.8
Worcester, Mass.: Cylinder
25.0

Dolls.
14.00
12.00
15.50

* li

2 1}

*1*

■1}

H
9f

48

Cts. DoUs.
29.2 1400

H

48

48
48

25.0
32.3

12.00
15.50

9f
H

48
48

15.00

lH

• li

9*

48

31.3

15.00

n

48

15.00

l ii

• li

9f

48

31.3

15.00

H

48

16.00

» ii

9f

' 48

33.3

16.00

H

48

18.00

9|

48

37.5

18.00

H

48

H
8
8
8
8

48

39.6

19.00

27.1 13.00
20.8 10.00
18.8 9.00
16.7 8.00

H
8
8
8
8

48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

8
8

48
48

25.0
20.8

12.00
10.00

8
8

48
48

lH

* li

19.00

l ii

• ii

13.00
10.00
9.00
8.00

lH
11|
*1*
l i*

12.00
10.00

lli
l i|

li
li
li
li
2
2

11.00
9.00

lli
l iJ

2
2

*8
*8

#48
*48

22.9
18.8

11.00
9.00

*8
*8

*48
*48

14.00
9.00

if

2
2

8
8

48
48

29.2
18.8

14.00
9.00

8
8

48
48

12.00

i*

2

88

*48

25.0

12.00

*8

*48

17.7
15.6

8.50
7.50

if

2
2

*8
*8

*48
*48

17.7
14.6

8.50
7.00

*8
*8

*48
*48

25.0
17.7

12.00
8.50

ll!
l il

2
2

*8
s8

*48
*48

25.0
17.7

12.00
8.50

*8
*8

*48
*48

20.8

10.00

U

li

»8

848

20.8

10.00

*8

*48

25.0
20.8

12.00
10.00

lli

2
2

*8
*8

*48
*48

25.0
20.8

12.00
10.00

*8
*8

*48
*48

South Atlantic.
Atlanta. Ga.:
Cylinder presses___
Platen presses.
> mu..
Baltimore,, Md.:
Cylinder presses_________
Platen presses.....................
Charleston, S. C.: Cylinder
presses....................................
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Cylinder presses..................
Platen presses.....................
Washington, D. C.:
Cylinder presses..................
Platen presses

28.1 13.50 *8
*48
*48
2
*8
28.1 13.50
*48
20.8 10.00 *8
2
*48
it
*8
20.8 10.00
*48
20.8 10.00 *8
2
*8
*48
20.8 10.00
if
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* For New Year’s, Memorial, and Thanksgiving days; for aU other hoUdays and Sunday, double time.
* Hours vary, but total 48 per week.




UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

175

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESS FEEDERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.
Rate of wages—

Hours of
labor—

May 1,1914.
Rate of

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
days
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week.
full full half­
full
hour.
full full full
day. time. holi­ hour. time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
North Central.
Chicago. HI.:
Cylinder presses..................
Cylinder presses less than
25 by 38 inches.................
Cylinder presses, patent
insides..............................
Colt and Universal presses..
Hand-feed folding machines.
1 hand-feed folding ma­
chine, or 1 automatic
folding machine...............
2 automatic folding ma­
chines...............................
3 automatic folding ma­
chines...............................
Press assistants on single
rotary presses, or single
automatic or sheet-feed
rotary presses, or Cox,
Duplex, Comet, and Goss
flat-bed presses,or joggers.
Press assistants on 2-roU
Cottrell, 96-page, rotary
Press assistants on McKee
4-color presses or oilers,
and assistants on 2-roll
CottreU, 96-page, rotary

Cts. DoUs.
36.5 17.50

Cts. DoUs.
36.5 17.50

48

27.1

13.00

27.1

13.00

48

37.5
25.0
36.5

18.00
12.00
17.50

37.5
25.0
36.5

18.00
12.00
17.50

48
48
48

19.00

39.6

19.00

48

45.8 22.00

45.8 22.00

48

52.1

25.00

52.1

25.00

48

39.6

19.00

39.6 19.00

48

41.7 20.00

41.7 20.00

48

43.8 21.00
43.8 21.00 ‘ 1*
48
men, 2-roU Cottrell, 9648
page, rotary presses........ .
46.9 22.50
22.50
48
48
Platen presses..................... 24.0 11.50 ut
48
24.0 11.50
Cincinnati, Ohio: Cylinder
48
30.2 14.50
30.2 14.50
48
li
Cleveland, Ohio:
Cylinder presses, over 34
48
8
inches............................. . *31.3 15.00 •li
29.2 14.00
8
48
Cylinder presses, automatic
48
8
or 2-color presses............. . *33.3 16.00 *li
31.3 15.00
8
48
Cylinder presses, 34 inches
48
8
24.0 11.50
or under........................... »26.0 12.50 *11
8
48
48
8
29.2 14.00
Folder feeders.................... . *31.3 15.00 *li
8
48
48
8
35.4 17.00
Folder operators................ . •37.5 18.00 • li
8
48
748
78
29.2 14.00
ll
78 7 48
Lithographic presses.......... 29.2 14.00
7 48
78
25.0 12.00
78 7 48
1
;
Lithographic presses........... 25.0 12.00
Lithographic presses (fe­
7 48
78
20.8 10.00
78 748
males).............................. 20.8 10.00
li
i For first 4 hours; double time thereafter, and on Saturday after completion of 48-hour week.
*Scale became 33.3 cents on Oct. 1, 1915.
*Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* Scale became 35.4 cents on Oct. 1.1915.
8Scale became 27.1 cents on Oct. 1,1915.
* Scale became 39.6 cents on Oct. 1 .1915.
7Hours vary, but total 48 per week.




176

BULLETIN OF THE BUBEAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A.— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESS FEEDERS—Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

Hours of
labor—

North Central—Continued.
Cleveland, Ohio—Concluded.
Platen presses.....................
Platen presses, Colt and
Universal..........................
Press assistants, p la te n
presses .............................
Detroit. Mich.:
Cylinder presses, less than
25 by 38 inches..................
Cylinder presses, 25 by 38
inches and over...............
Platen presses.....................
Press assistants, automatic
feeding machines............ .
Press assistants, 2-color and
other double-ender presses
Grand Rapids, Mich.: Cylinder
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Cylinder presses..................
Pony presses..................... .
Kansas City, Mo.:
Cylinder presses, patent in­
sides.................................
Pony presses.......................
Press assistants, cylinder
presses, 24 by 36 inches or
over................................ .
Cylinder presses, automatic
feed................................. .
Press assistants, rotary web

Cts. DoUs.
124.0 11.50
326.0 12.50

*1*

Cts. DoUs.
21.9 10.50

48

*1*

24.0

11.50

48

26.0

12.50

48

12 27.1

*28.1 13.50
27.1

13.00

31.3
25.0

15.00

12.00

13.00

48

‘ It

31.3 15.00
25.0 12.00

48
48

21*

31.3

15.00

31.3

15.00

48

33.3

16.00

* 1*

33.3

16.00

48

25.0

12.00

1*

25.0

12.00

48

31.3 15.00
25.0 12.00

48
48

35.4
29.2

17.00
14.00

48
48

31.3 15.00
25.0 12.00

2 1|

35.4
29.2

17.00
14.00

1!

33.3

16.00

51*

48

33.3

16.00

48

33.3

16.00

51*

48

33.3

16.00

48

33.3

16.00

48

33.3

16.00

48

31.3

15.00

78

7 48

34.4

16.50

78

7 48

22.9

11.00

78

7 48

8

m
(“ )

Milwaukee, Wis.:
Cylinder presses, 25 by 38
inches or over, or auto­
matic cylinder presses or
7 48
folding-machine operators. 632.3 15.50 21*
Cylinder presses, patent in­
748
sides................................. 835.4 17.00 21*
Cylinder presses, less than
7 48
25 bv 38 inches................. 924.0 11.50
Operating 2 automatic fold­
7 48
ing machines.................... i«41.7 20.00
1
7 48
Press assistants and joggers.. 632.3 15.50 *1
1 Scale became 25 cents on Oct. 1,1915.
2 Until midnight; double time thereafter.
8 Scale became 27.1 cents on Oct. 1,1915.
<Beale became 30.2 cents on Oct. 1,1915.
5 Until 9 p. m.; double time thereafter.
8 Scale became 34.9 cents on Aug. 1,1915.
7 Hours vaty, but total 48 per week.
8 Scale became 38 cents on Aug. 1,1915.
o Scale became 26.6 cents on Aug. 1,1915.
io Scale became 44.3 cents on Aug. 1,1915.
u Not reported.




8

S3

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOtTBS OP LABOB, MAY 1,1915.

177

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOB IN EACH

TBADE, BY GEOGBAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESS FEEDERS—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Rate of wages—

North Central—Concluded.
Minneapolis. Minn.:
Cylinder presses, less than Cts.
38 indies........................... 26.5
Cylinder presses, 38 inches
and over.
30.0
25.0
Platen presses, run and feed. 28.0
St. Louis, Mo.:
Cylinder presses, 24 by 36
inches or over.................. 31.3
Cylinder presses, less than
24 by 36 inches.................. 25.0
Automatic presses, or hand
folding machines, or au­
tomatic folding machines.. 31.3
Cylinder, aluminograph,
and 2-color presses........... 33.3
Lithographic presses, No. 2
or less............................... 25.0
Lithographic presses, over
No. 2................................ 31.3
St. Paul, Minn.:
Cylinder presses, 38 inches
and over.......................... 30.0
Cylinder presses, less than
38 inches........................... 21.0
Cylinder press, double en* der, over 38 inches............ 32.1
Press assistants, ro ta r y
31.3
Folding-machine operators
or jog g e rs..................... . 30.0

DoUs.
12.72

22

9

*48

Cts. DoUs.
12 26.5 12.72

9

*48

14.40
12.00
13.44

i1|
ill

*2
*2
22

9
9
9

*48
* 48
*48

12 28.0 13.44
12 15.5 7.44
12 19.0 9.12

9
9
9

*48
*48
*48

15.00

ilj

2

8

48

31.3

15.00

8

48

12.00

11J

2

8

48

25.0

12.00

8

48

15.00

*1*

2

8

48

31.3

15.00

8

48

16.00

*11

2

8

48

33.3

16.00

8

48

2

8

48

25.0

12.00

8

48

2

8

48

31.3

15.00

8

48

12 28.1

12.00
15.00

in

14.40

2

9

*48

10.08

2

9

*48

13.50

9

8

(*)

(4
)

(*)

*48
(<)

2

9

>48

8

(<)

(4
)

0)

O)

15.00

»i*

2

9

*48

8

(<)

<
<)

(«)

<
<)

14.40

*i*

2

9

*48

8

(<)

(4
)

(*)

(4
)

2
2
2

8
8
8

48
48
48

31.3
29.2
28.1

15.00
14.00
13.50

8
8
8

48
48
48

2
2
2

8
8
8

48
48
48

27.1
18.8
14.6

13.00
9.00
7.00

8
8
8

48
48
48

2
2

8f
81

48
48

12 26.0
12 28.1

12.50
13.50

8|

48
48

2
2

ii

48
48

12 32.3
12 19.8

15.50
9.50

II

48
48

15.40

South Central.
Dallas, Tex.:

31.3 15.00
Press assistants
29.2 14.00
if
Houston, Tex.: Cylinder presses. 28.1 13.50
ii
Little Rock, Ark.:
Cylinder presses
27.1 13.00 11*
Pony presses...
18.8 9.00 11}
Platen presses..
14.6 7.00 1 iS
Louisville. K y.:
Cylinder presses.................. 27.1 13.00 Jl l
Operating 1automatic press. 28.1 13.50
Operating 2 a u t o m a t i c
press
32.3 15.50
19.8 9.50 Mf
Platen
i Until midnight; double time thereafter.
*For New Year, Memorial Day, Labor Day, i
*Hours total 49 per week, but 1 hour in each ^
4No scale in 1914.

30061°— Bull. 194—16------ 12




riving, time and a half,
sidered and paid for as overtimo.

178

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESS FEEDERS—Concluded.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
of
Sun­
mos.
Geographical division and city.
days
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time.
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
bySouth Central—Concluded.
Memphis, Tenn.: Cylinder
Cts. DoUs.
presses................................... . 27.1 13.00
New Orleans, La.: Cylinder
presses................................... . 31.3 15.00

18

148

8

48

17.00
18.00

48
48

17.00
14.00

48
48

16.50
14.00

48
48

29.2

14.00

48

34.4
28.1

16.50
13.50

48
48

32.3
27.1

48

15.00

34.4
29.2

8

31.3

35.4
29.2

148

Cts. DoUs.
27.1 13.00

35.4
37.5

18

15.50
13.00

48
48

34.4

16.50

48

28.1

14.00
13.50

48
48

Western.
Denver. Colo.:
Cylinder presses..................
Press assistants...................
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Cylinder-----Platen pi
Portland, Oreg.:
Cylinder pres
Platen presses.....................
Salt Lake City, Utah: Cylinder
presses and press assistants...
San Francisco, Cal.:
Cylinder presses or litho­
graphic presses.................
Platen presses.....................
Seattle, Wash.:
Cylinder presses..................
Platenpresses.....................
Spokane, Wash.:
Cylinder presses..................
Colt’s, Golding’s, or Univer­
sal presses........................
Platenpresses.....................

35.4
37.5

17.00
18.00

35.4
29.2

17.00
14.00

34.4
29.2

16.50
14.00

’. I I

29.2

14.00

ii

34.4
28.1

16.50
13.50

32.3
27.1

15.50
13.00

34.4

16.50

29.2
28.1

14.00
13.50

* ll
*i;

II

2
2

48
i|
i|
2
2
48

PRESSMEN: Cylinder.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
2
48
12 59.4 28.50
Operating rotary presses___ 59.4 28.50
81
‘11
Operating 1 or 2 cylinder
47.9 23.00 *1*
2
48
12 47.9 23.00
81
Operating 1 perfecting or 2
2
48
12 50.0 24.00
color presses................... 50.0 24.00 • li
8f
Operating small litho
52.1 25.00
2
48
12 52.1 25.00
K l/U U O W
lO iV IV O *
8i
li
Operating No. 3 litho­
12 50.0 24.00
8f
48
2
graphic presses................. 50.0 24.00
li
Operating No. 5 litho­
12 57.3 27.50
2
48
graphic presses................. 57.3 27.50
8f
li
Operating No. 6 litho­
graphic presses, or large
12 62.5 30.00
48
2
uthograpnic presses.......... 62.5 30.00
81
li
1Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
2Until midnight; double time thereafter, and after 5 p. m. on Saturday.
*Until midnight; double time thereafter.
4For holidays; for Sunday, double time.




8f

48

81

48

81

48

8|

48

81

48

81

48

81

48

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

179

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESSMEN: Cylinder—Continued.
May 1,1914.

May I, 1915.
Rate of wages—

Hours of
labor—

Rate of

Num­
ber
of
Sun­
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per
Per week,
full full half­ hour.
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
North Atlantic—
Continued.
Cts. DoUs.
Bridgeport, Conn..................
37.5 18.00
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Operating 1 or 2 presses.. . . 41.7 120.00
Operating duplex presses... 45.8 *22.00
Operating web or 2-color
52.1 425.00
Newark, N. J.:
Operating web
2-color.............................. 65.6 31.50
Operating 1 or 2 presses, or
1 web press...................... 50.0 24.00
Operating 1press with auto­
matic feed, or 1 or 2
process presses.................. 52.1 25.00
New Haven, Conn.: Operating
lo r 2 presses.......................... 37.5 18.00
New York, N. Y .:
Operating 1 or 2 presses, or
1 sheet>feed rotary press,
or 1 poster press 28 by 41
inches or over, or 1 cylin­
der and 3 job presses, or
4 single or 2 double Kid­
der presses,
52.1 25.00
Operating 1 offset press, or
ticket or multiple web
presses.............................. 62.5 30.00

Per
Per Per
week, full week.
full day. full
time.
time.

1*

48

Cts. DoUs.
37.5 18.00

48

S3

1 48
*48

41.7 120.00
45.8 *22.00

148
*48

*1*

448

52.1 425.00

448

‘ 1*

48

65.6 31.50

48

*1*

48

50.0

24.00

48

*1*

48

52.1

25.00

48

li

48

37.5

18.00

48

•li

48

52.1

25.00

48

•li

48

2.5

30:00

perfecting pressfor lW o*
color press, or 1 sheet-feed
rotary Cottrell press, or
No. 22 two-color presses,
56.3 27.00
28 by 41 inches................ 56.3 27.00 •li
48
Operating web magazine
presses, or web
with 1 feeder am ___
stitcher attached, or men
in charge of 3 or 4 color72.9 35.00
process presses.................. 72.9 35.00 •li
Operating 4-color web Mc­
77.1 37.00
Kee process presses.......... 77.1 37.00 •li
Operating web magazine
presses with 2 feeders and
78.1 37.50
wire stitchers attached_ 78.1 37.50 •li
_
Assistants, web, brakemen
43.8 21.00
and tension men.............. 43.8 21.00 •li
Assistants, oilers and utility
39.6 19.00
men..................................
19.00 •li
144 hours and $18.33 per week, June to August, inclusive.
8 Until midnight; double time thereafter.
*44 hoursand$20.17 per week, June to August, inclusive.
444 hours and $22.92 per week. June to August, inclusive.
* Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter, and after 6 p. m. on Saturday.
6 Until 10.30 p. m.; double time thereafter.




Hours of
labor—

48

48
48
48
48
48

180

BULLETIN OF THE BUBEAU OF LABOB STATISTICS.

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESSMEN: Cylinder-Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per
Per week.
full full half­ hour.
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by-

Hours of
labor—

Per
Per Per
week. full week,
full day. full
time.
time.

North Atlantic—Continued.
Philadelphia, Pa. (competitive
offices):
In charge of web presses—
In charge of 2-color flat-bed
presses, or in charge of flat­
bed rotary presses............
Proofers, lithographic press.
Operating flat-bed litho­
graphic press....................
Operating offset lithographic

Cts. DoUs.
57.3 27.50

*li

#48

Cts. DoUs.
57.3 27.50

#48

54.2 26.00
52.1 25.00

l\l ■?

#48
48

54.2 26.00
52.1 25.00

#48
48

45.8

22.00

1*

2

48

45.8

22.00

48

62.5

30.00

1*

2

48

62.5

30.00

48

25.00

*1}

*1}

*48

52.1

25.00

#48

#48

50.0 24.00

#48

#48

47.9 23.00

#48

#48

45.8

22.00

#48

#48

43.8

21.00

#48

348

39.6

19.00

#48

Operating 1 flat-bed per­
fecting press with auto­
matic feeders................... 52.1
Operating 2 presses with
automatic feeders............. 50.0
Operating 1 flat-bed per­
fecting press................... . 47.9
Operating l cylinder and 3
platen presses, or not
more than 2 flat-bed
45.8
Operating 3 Harris presses,
or overlay cutters............. 43.8
Operating not more than 2
Adams presses.................. 39.6
Philadelphia, Pa. (noncompet­
itive offices):
In charge of flat-sheet ro­
tary
4-color
McKee
presses, double product,
or rotary web presses with
more than 1 roll, or flatsheet rotary 2-color Mc­
Kee presses, single or
double product................ 76.0
In charge of flat-sheet rotary
4-color McKee presses,
single product, or rotary
web presses, 69 inches or
over, with feeders and
stitchers attached............. 72.9
In charge of rotary web
presses over 46 inches....... 67.7
In charge of flat-sheet rotary
presses, color work........... 66.7
In charge of rotary web
or 4-color web proofing

24.00
*1}

23.00
22.00
21.00

‘ 1*
*1}

19.00

48

76.0 36.50

48

36.50

‘ li

35.00

l ii

72.9 35.00

32.50

Hi

67.7 32.50

48

32.00

> ii

66.7 32.00

48

9*

48

62.5 30.00
9|
48
62.5 30.00
• li
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* For New Year’s, Me norial, and Thanksgiving days; for all other holidays and Sunday, double time.
* Hours vary, but total 48 per week.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR, MAY 1 , 1915.

181

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESSMEN: Cylinder-Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,, 1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
fuU full half- hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
North Atlantic—Concluded.
Philadelphia, Pa. (noncompeti­
tive offices)—Concluded.
Operating presses requiring
an assistant, or not more
than 2 flat-bed
with automatic
color work_____ _______
Operating not more than 2
nat-bed presses with au­
tomatic feeder................
Operating not more than 2
flat-bed presses, or over­
lay and matrix cutters....
Pittsburgh. Pa.:
Operating 2 presses, or 1
cylinder ana 1 to 3 platen

C
ite. DoUs.
62.5 30.00

lU

* li

H

48

Cts. DoUs.
62.5 30.00

9f

48

52.1

25.00

in

* li

H

48

52.1

25.00

H

48

47.9

23.00

in

* li

H

48

47.9 23.00

n

48

48
43.8 21.00
8
48
2
8
43.8 21.00 31*
Operating 1 Harris auto­
matic press...................... 41.7 20.00
8
48
48
41.7 20.00
2
8
Operating 2 Harris auto46.9 22.50
8
48
48
46.9 22.50 3 1*
2
8
In charge of 2 cylinder and
8
48
1 platen press................... 50.0 24.00 3 1*
8
48
50.0 24.00
2
In charge of 3 cylinder and
8 .
48
1 platen press................... 54.2 26.00 3 1*
54.2 26.00
48
2
8
8
48
Providence, R. I ....................... 39.6 19.00 l l f
48
39.6 19.00
2
8
Rochester, N. Y .: Operating 1
<48
or 2 presses............................. 43.8 21.00 i n
43.8 21.00 <8
2
<8
<48
Scranton, Pa.:
Operating 1two-color press,
or 1 three-color press, or
1 or 2 two-color Harris
48
8
48
52.1 25.00
presses........................... . 52.1 25.00
8
2
li
Operating 2 presses with
automatic feed, or 1 or 2
Harris presses, or 2 auto­
matic presses, or 1 auto­
matic press and 1 handfeed press, or 1 press with
8
48
45.8 22.00
48
automatic feed...... ......... 45.8 22.00
2
8
li
<48
<48
37.5 18.00 <8
Worcester, Mass....................... 37.5 18.00
2
<8
li
South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
<48
2
<48
31.3 15.00 <8
Operating 1 press............... 34.4 16.50
<8
li
<48
37.5 18.00 <8
Operating 2 presses............ 37.5 18.00
2
<8
<48
li
Baltimore, Ma.:
Operating 1 or 2 presses, or
1 double press, or 1 twocolor press, or 1 web ro­
tary or magazine press, or
1 cylinder and 2 platen
<48
2
39.6 19.00 <8
<8
<48
39.6 19.00 u *
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* For New Year’s, Memorial, and Thanksgiving daj s; for all other holidays and Sunday, double time,
3 Until midnight; double time thereafter, and alter I p. m. on Saturday.
<Hours vary, out total 48 per week.




182

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESSMEN: Cylinder—Continued.
May 1, 1914.

May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages-

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
days
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
fiiii
lull
IUU full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by
South Atlantic—Concluded.
Charleston, S. C.:
Operating 1 or 2 presses....
Operating Kidder press....
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Operating 1 or 2 presses.......
Operating Harris and auto­
matic presses....................
In charge of cylinder and
platen presses...................
Richmond, va.: Operating 1 or
Washington, D. C.: Operating
1 or 2 presses..

Cts. Dons.
36.5 17.50
37.5 18.00

li
li

43.8

21.00

41.7

20.00

52.1

Cts. DoUs.
36.5 17.50
37.5 18.00

8
8

48
48

20.00

*8

*48

20.00

*8

248

25.00

*8

248

29.2

14.00

8

48

41.7

20.00

28

248

48

52.1

25.00

8

48

48

66.3

27.00

8

48

48

59.4

28.50

8

48

2
2

8
8

Ui

2

*8

*48

41.7

Jl i

2

*8

*48

41.7

25.00

* li

2

*8

*48

52.1

29.2

14.00

li

li

8

48

41.7

20.00

li

2

*8

*48

8U

2

8

* li

2

8

* li

2

8

48
48

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Operating 2 single or 1 dou­
ble press, or 2 automatic
presses,or 1two-color Har­
ris press, or 2 Kidder
ticket presses, or 1 multi­
color ticket press, or 3pat­
ent-inside blanketpresses
or 1 sheet-feed rotary
or 1press more than
y 42 inches and not
more than 3 platen presses. 52.1 25.00
Operating 1 single-roll ro­
tary press........................ 56.3 27.00
Operating 3-color process
press, or 1 Cox duplex
press, or 1 double sheet­
feed rotary press, or 1 flat­
bed Goss press........
59.4 28.50

45.8

22.00

2

8

48

45.8 22.00

8

48

54.2

26.00

8li

2

8

48

54.2 26.00

8

48

49.0

23.50

3li

2

8

48

49.0

23.50

8

48

64.6

31.00

8li

2

8

48

64.6

31.00

8

48

61.5

29.50

3 1*

2

8

48

61.5

29.50

8

43

2
75.0 36.00
8
48
75.0 36.00 8 1*
Assistants on 2-roll Cottrell
2
8
64.6 31.00
48
64.6 31.00 8 li
rotary presses...................
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
2 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
* Double time on Saturday after completion of 4S-hDur week.

8

48

8

48

Operating 2-roll magazine
rotary press, second men.
Operating 2-roll magazine
rotary press, third men...
In charge of 2-roll magazine
rotary presses...................
Operating 1 double-roll ro­
tary press, or 1 2-color
press, or 3 or more color
rotary _
...
^Derating 2-roll Cottrell roy presses, or 4-color Mc-




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, M AY

1, 1915.

183

T a b le A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESSMEN: Cylinder—Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Rate of wages—

North Central—Continued.
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Operating r o t a r y w e b
presses, first position.......
Operating r o t a r y w e b
presses, second position...
Operating 1 double press
over 53 inches, or 2-color
press............................... .
Operating 4 bag presses.......
Operating 2 single - roll
presses over 53 inches.......
Operating 1perfecting press,
or 2 single-roll presses less
than 53 inches, or 2 auto­
matic presses, or 1 cylin­
der ana 3 platen presses...
Operating 1singleoolor Har­
ris press............................
Operating 1two-color Harris
Clev?fand, Ohio:
Operating 1 or 2 presses.......
Operating pony presses, or
assistants on cylinder
presses, patent insides_
_
O p e r a tin g lithographic
presses. Nos. 3 ana 3}......
O p e r a tin g lithographic
presses. Nos. 4 and 4}___
O p e r a tin g lithographic
presses, Nos. 5 and 5£.___
Operating rotary presses___
Operating offset presses......
Operating offset presses......
Detroit, Mich.: Operating 1 or 2
presses.
Grand Rapids, Midi..................
Indianapolis, Lad.: Operating 1
or 2 presses.............................
Kansas City,-Mo.:
Operating 1 press 24 by 36
Inches or under, or 2
presses 24 by 36 inches or
under, under a foreman...
Operating 1 press 38 by 56
Inches or under................
Operating 1 cylinder press
24 by 36 inches or under,

Cts. Bolls.
58.3 28.00

li

2

8

48

Cts. Botts.
58.3 28.00

8

48

50.0 24.00

li

2

8

48

50.0

24.00

8

48

54.2 26.00
52.1 25.00

li

2
2

8
8

48
48

54.2 26.00
52.1 25.00

8
8

48
48

47.9 23.00

li

2

8

48

47.9

23.00

8

48

45.8 22.00

li

2

8

48

45.8 22.00

8

48

17.00

li

2

8

48

35.4

17.00

8

48

39.6 19.00
38.5 18.50

li

2
2

8
8

48
48

39.6 19.00
38.5 18.50

8
8

48
48

41.7 20.00

‘ li

2

8

48

41.7

20.00

8

48

16.50

l li

2

8

48

34.4

16.50

8

48

50.0 24.00

li

2

*8

*48

50.0 24.00

*8

*48

35.4

34.4
52.1

25.00

li

2

*8

*48

52.1

25.00

*8

**8

54.2
57.3
62.5
72.9

26.00
27.50
30.00
35.00

li
li
li
li

2
2
2
2

*8
*8
*8
*8

*48
*48
*48
*48

54.2 26.00
57.3 27.50
62.5 30.00
72.9 35.00

*8
*8
*8
*8

*48
*48
*48
*48

43.8 21.00
*33.3 16.00

li

2
2

8|
8

48
48

2

8

48

44.8 21.50

48
48

44.8 21.50

8

48

20.00
16.00

>39.6 19.00

Ui

2

8

48

39.6

19.00

8

48

541.7 20.00

Hi

2

8

48

41.7 20.00

8

48

*43.8 21.00 ‘ l i
i Until midnight: double time thereafter.
* Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
* Scale became 37.5 cents on Nov. 1,1915.




8f
8

12 41.7
33.3

2
48
43.8 21.00
8
8
« Scale became 41.7 cents on Sept. 9,1915.
* Scale became 43.8 cents on Sept. 9,1915.
* Scale became 45.8 cents on Sept. 9,1915.

48

184

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESSMEN: Cylinder-Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Per Satur­
Per Per
Per week,
days. full week, day Per week, full week,
full half- hour. full
hour. full
full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Rate of wages—

North Central—Continued.
Kansas City, Mo.—Concluded.
Operating r o t a r y litho­
graphic presses, or offset
lithographic presses, or
stone - bed lithographic
presses..............................
Foremen in charge of 2 or
more presses....................
Operating 1 press over 38 by
66 inches, or 1 two-color
double-ender press, or 2
presses 24 by 36 inches or
under, or 2 presses, under
a foreman........................
Operating 1 double-roll ro­
tary press.........................
Milwaukee. Wis.:
Operating 1 or 2 presses, or
3 blanket presses, patent
insides............................ .
Operating lith o g r a p h ic
press 24 by 36 inches.........
Operating lith o g r a p h ic
press 29 by 44 inches or
35 by 60J inches...............
Operating offset litho­
graphic" press or rotary
lithographic press f~’
inches or 41 by 63
Operating 2-color litho­
graphic press...................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Operating lo r 2 presses___

Cts. DoUs.
45.8 22.00

li

2

8

48

Cts. DoUs.
41.7 20.00

8

48

25.00

* li

2

8

48

52.1

25.00

8

48

*45.8 22.00

*1*

2

8

48

45.8 22.00

8

51.0 24.50

*1}

2

8

48

545.8 22.00

152.1

(4
)

(4
)

*1*

2

•8

•48

•8

•48

41.7

20.00

li

2

8

48

41.7

20.00

8

48

45.8

22.00

li

2

8

48

45.8 22.00

8

48

52.1

25.00

li

2

8

48

52.1

25.00

8

48

62.5

30.00

li

2

8

48

62.5

30.00

8

48

42.5
47.5

20.40
22.80

* li

72
72

8
8

848
848

42.5
47.5

20.40
22.80

8
8

848
848

37.5

18.00

® li

li

8

48

37.5

18.00

8

48

37.5
41.7
45.8

18.00
20.00
22.00

*1*
2 if
* lf

2
2
2

8
8
8

48
48
48

37.5 18.00
41.7 20.00
45.8 22.00

8
8
8

48
48
48

52.1 25.00
52.1 25.00 * li
48
2
8
8
i Scale became 54.2 cents on Sept.. 9,1915.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* Scale became 47.9 cents on Sept. 9,1915.
4 Press not in use in 1914.
« Scale became 47.9 cents on Aug. 1,1915.
6 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
7 For New Year, Memorial Day, Labor Day, and Thanks* vine, time and a half.
8 Hours total 49 per week, but 1 hour in each week is cons! Lered and paid for as overtime,
» Until midnight; double time thereafter, and after 5 p. m on Saturday.

48

Omaha, Nebr.: Operating 1 or
2 presses.................................
Peoria, 111.:
Operating 1 or 2 presses......
In charge of 3 presses..........
In charge of 4 presses..........
In charge of more than 4




43.8 21.00

48
(4
)

(4
)

185

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOB, MAY 1,1915.

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESSMEN: Cylinder—Continued.
May 1,1915.
Rate of wages—

Geographical division and city.

Hours of
labor—

Sun­
Over­ days
and
Per time. holi­ Per Per
Per week.
days. full week.
hour. full
full
day. time.
time.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—

Bate of

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
of
mos.
with

Per Per Per
day Per week. full week.
half­ hour. full day. full
time.
holi­
time.
days.

North Central—Continued.
Cts. Dolls.
St. Louis, Mo.:
Operating 1 press................ 35.4 17.00
Operating2 presses less than
24 bv 36 inches, or 1 sin­
gle Harris press 15 by 18
• inches or less, or 1 convex-bed automatic press,
or 1 press less than 24 by
36 inches and 2 platen
39.6 19.00
__„ lithographic or
sferring presses......... 41.7 20.00
Operating 1 press over 24by
36inches and 1or 2 platen
presses,or 1press less than
24 by 36 inches and 3
platen presses, or 1 auto-

48

Cts. DoUs.
35.4 17.00

48

39.6

19.00

8

48

* 48

41.7

20.00

*8

*48

43.8

»1 i

21.00

48

46.9

22.50

41

!.l

25.00

48

or 1 Harris p ressl^ ^ T s
inches or less and 1 or 2
platen presses, or 1 press
24 by 36 inches andl press
with automatic feeder___ 43.8 21.00
Operating 1 double perfectpress, or 1 pressless than
24by 36inches and 1auto­
matic press, or 1 press 24
by 36 inches and over and
3 platen presses, or 1 twocolor Harris press 15 by
18 inches or less, or 2 sin­
gle Harris presses 15 by 18
inches or less, or 2 presses
24 by 36 inches ana over,
or 1 press 24 by 36 inches
and over and 1single Har­
ris press 15 by 18 inches or
less, or 2 Kidder presses
15 by 18 inches or less, or
1 double-roll rotary press,
or 1 two-color press.......... 46.9
Operating 1press over 24by
36 inches and 1 automatic
press, or 1 two-color Har­
ris press over 15 by 18
inches, or offset uthomatic presses.




22.50

‘ li

48
52.1 25.00 ‘ I*
1Until midnight; double time thereafter.
2 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.

48

186

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS,

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESSMEN: Cylinder-Continued.
May 1,1915.

M a yl,,1914.

Hours of
labor-—

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full
hour. full
full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

North Central—Concluded.
St. Paul. Minn.:
In charge of triple rotary
press................................
In charge of double rotary
press.------------------------In charge of single rotary
In charge of 2 automatic

Cts. DoUs.
60.4 29.00

2

9

* 48

Cts. DoUs.
12 60.4 29.00

9

* 48

54.2

26.00

2

9

* 48

12 54.2

26.00

9

*48

50.0

24.00

2

9

*48

12 50.0 24.00

9

*48

49.0

23.50

2

9

* 48

12 49.0

23.50

9

*48

2

9

* 48

12 49.0

23.50

9

*48

2

9

* 48

12 43.8 21.00

9

*48

l l*

Operating 1 single and 1
double cylinder press, or
2 Harris presses................ 49.0 23.50
Operating 2 single cylinder
presses, or 1 Harris press,
or 1 automatic press......... 43.8 21.00
South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.:
Foremen in charge of 2 or
more presses....................
Foremen in charge of 1 or
more presses....................
Operating 1 press................
Operating 2 presses.............
Dallas, Tex.: Operating 1 cylin­
der and 2 platen presses........
Houston, Tex............ .
Press assistants.........
Little Rock, Ark.:
Operating 2 presses.............
Operating 1 cylinder and 1
platen press.....................
Louisville, K y.:
Operating 1press, or 1 pony
press and 2 platen presses.
Operating 1 automatic press.
Operating 1 or 2 presses
with automatic feed.........
Operating 1 cylinder and 2

50.0

24.00

H

48

448

50.0

24.00

48

4 48

45.8
33.3
40.6

22.00
16.00
19.50

•a

1}
1}
H

48
8
48

448
448
4 48

45.8
33.3
40.6

22.00
16.00
19.50

48
48
48

448
448
448

52.1 25.00
43.8 21.00
36.5 17.50

H
1}
li

2
2
2

8
8
8

48
48
48

52.1 25.00
43.8 21.00
36.5 17.50

8
8
8

48
48
48

1 2
2

48

448

40.6

19.50

48

448

48

448

38.5

18.50

48

448

48
48

12 34.4
12 28.1

16.50
13.50

40.6

19.50

38.5

18.50

U*

34.4
28.1

16.50
13.50

2
1 2
l l *li

gf
8f

48
48

42.7 20.50
48
12 42.7 20.50
81
8i
l l * ii 2
8|
; 2
12 37.5 18.00
37.5 18.00
48
8f
i
i 2
Operating 2 cylinder presses 40.6 19.50
12 40.6 19.50
48
8f
8|
Operating 2 automatic
2
12 45.8 22.00
presses............................. 45.8 22.00
48
8i
8f
Memphis, Tenn.:
Operating 1 press................ 34.4 16.50
2
34.4 16.50 48
48
448
H
Operating 2 presses............. 43.8 21.00
2
48
43.8 21.00 4 8
448
ii
Foremen in charge of 2
2
47.9 23.00 48
47.9 23.00
48
448
n
New Orleans, La.:
Operating 1 or 2 presses, or
i
cylinder, platen, and auto­
8
48
40.6 19.50
8
matic press....................... 40.6 19.50
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* Hours total 49 per week, but 1 hour in each week is considered and paid for as overtime.
* Until 6 p. m.; time and a half thereafter.
4 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.

48




8f
8f

48
48
48
448
448
448

48

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AJTD HOURS OP LABOB, MAT 1,1915.

187

T a b le A .—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESSMEN: Cylinder—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,, 1914.

Bate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Hours of
labcTr—

Rate of wages—

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Foremen in charge of 5 or
more presses................... .
Foremen in charge of 1 to 4
presses............................ .
Operating 1 or 2 presses___
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Operating 1 or 2 presses....,
Operating 1 cylinder and 2
platen presses................. .
Portland, Oreg.:
Foremen in charge of cylin­
der and platen presses......
Operating 1 press, foreman..
Operating 2 presses.............
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Operating 1 or 2 presses......
San Francisco, Cal.:
Operating 1 cylinder press,
or 1 coupon-ticket press...
Operating 2 cylinder presses
or 2-colorpress.................
Operating Cox duplex press.
Seattle, Wash.:
Foremen.............................
Operating 1 or 2 presses......
Spokane, Wash.........................

Cts. DoUs.
62.5 30.00

2

8

48

Cts. DoUs.
62.5 30.00

8

48

58.3 28.00
54.2 26.00

2
2

8
8

48
48

58.3
54.2

28.00
26.00

8
8

48
48

2

8

48

46.9

22.50

8

48

8

48

46.9

llJ
»l|

22.50
22.50

in

2

8

48

46.9

22.50

56.3 27.00
46.9 22.50
46.9 22.50

n
if
i{

22

82
22

8
8
8

48
48
48

56.3
46.9
46.9

27.00
22.50
22.50

8
8
8

48
48
48

22.50

*i*

8

48

46.9

22.50

8

48

50.0

24.00

i*

2

8

48

50.0

24.00

8

48

56.3
62.5

27.00
30.00

H
H

2
2

8
8

48
48

56.3
62.5

27.00
30.00

8
8

48
48

56.3 27.00
51.0 24.50
50.0 24.00

1£
1*
l li

if
2

8
8
8

48
48
48

56.3
51.0
50.0

27.00
24.50
24.00

8
8
8

48
48
48

46.9

46.9

1*

PRESSMEN: Platen.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Operating 1 or 2 presses...... 37.5 18.00
2
12 37.5 18.00
8|
48
Operating Harris or Kidder
41.7 20.00 l l i
2
12 41.7 20.00
48
8|
Bridgeport, Conn...................... 31.3 15.00
2
31.3 15.00
ll
8
48
Buffalo, N .Y .......................... . 31.3 *15.00 l U
2
8
*48
3 31.8 815.00
Newark, N. J.:
Operating 1 or 2 presses..... 33.3 16.00 4H
2
8
48
33.3 16.00
Operating 3 or 4 presses___ 37.5 18.00 4i f
2
8
48
37.5 18.00
Operating 5 or 6 presses..... 41.7 20.00 4if
2
41.7 20.00
8
48
Operating 1 automatic or 1
New Era press................. 39.6 19.00 4H
2
8
48
39.6 19.00
New Haven, Conn.:
Operating 1 to 3 presses..... 31.3 15.00
2
8
48
31.3 15.00
1*
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* For Sunday; for holidays, time and a half.
* 44 hours and $13.75 per week, June to August, inclusive.
« Until 10 p. m.; double time thereafter, and after 6 p. m. on Saturday.




81

48

8f
8
8

48
48
848

8
8
8

48
48
48

8

48

8

48

188

BULLETIN OF THE BUBEAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T ab le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESSMEN: Platen—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
days
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
North Atlantic—Concluded.
New York, N. Y .:
Operating 1 two-color press
15 by 18 inches.................
Operating 2 automatic or
Kavmore presses..............
Operating 1 automatic or
Kavmore press, or 1 Cart­
wright press, or 2 stand­
ard automatic presses.......
Operating 1 standard auto­
matic press, or Harris
presses Nos. 1 to 7............
Operating 1 to 3 presses........
Operating 4 presses.............
Operating 5 presses.............
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Operating 1 or 2 presses......
Operating 2 presses or 1 twocolor press........................
Operating 3 or 4 presses........
Operating more than 4
Operating automatic proc­
ess presses, or proofers__
Pittsburgh. Pa.:
Operating 3 or 4 presses...... .
Providence, R. I.:
Operating 1 or more presses..
Operating Universal press..
Rochester, N. Y .:
Operating 1 or 2 presses......
Operating 3 or 4 presses.....
Operating 5 or 6 presses.......
Operating more than 6
presses .............................
Scranton, Pa.:
Operating 1 to3 presses..
automatic fe<
wide presses____
Operating 4 presses.
Worcester, Mass............

Cts. Dolls.
47.9 23.00

Cts. DoUs.
47.9 23.00

52.1

25.00

Mi

45.8

22.00

*11

39.6
39.6
45.8
47.9

19.00
19.00
22.00
23.00

2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8

30.2

14.50

81*

45.8
33.3

22.00
16.00

37.5

18.00

39.6

19.00

39.6

52.1

25.00

48

45.8

22.00

48
48
48
48

39.6
39.6
45.8
47.9

19.00
19.00
22.00
23.00

<8

448

30.2

14.50

»1J

<8
<8

4 48
4 48

45.8
33.3

22.00
16.00

8l*

<8

4 48

37.5

18.00

8U

<8

446

19.00

2

8

48

39.6

19.00

31.3
35.4

15.00
17.00

2
2

8
8

48
48

31.3
35.4

15.00
17.00

29.2
33.3
37.5

14.00
16.00
18.00

2
2
2

<8
<8
48

448
4 48
4 48

29.2
33.3
37.5

14.00
16.00
18.00

19.00

41.7

20.00

2

48

448

' 41.7

20.00

29.2

14.00

2

8

48

29.2

14.00

33.3
33.3
28.1

16.00
16.00
13.50

48
48
4 48

33.3
33.3
28.1

16.00
16.00
13.50

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Operating 1 press...........
29.2 14.00
48 4 48
31.3 15.00
Operating 2 presses........
34.4 16.50
48 4 48
31.3 15.00
Operating 3 or more presses. 37.5 18.00
48 4 48
34.4 16.50
Baltimore, Md.:
48 I 448
27.1 13.00
Operating 1 to 3 presses..
27.1 13.00
48 I 4 48
Operating 4 or 5 presses...... 33.3 16.00
33.3 16.00
II
1 Until 10.30 p. m.; double time thereafter.
2 Until midnight; double time thereafter.
8 For New Year’s, Memorial and Thanksgiving days; for other holidays and Sunday, double time.
4 Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter, and after 5 p. m. on Saturday.




189

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

T a b le A*—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESSMEN: Platen—Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per
Per week,
fun fuU half­ hour.
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—

Hours of
labor—

Per Per Per
week, full week,
full
full
time. day. time.

South Atlantic—Concluded.
Charleston, S. C.:
Cts. DoUs.
Operating 1 or 2 presses...... 20.8 10.00
Operating 3 or 4 presses...... 31.3 15.00
Jacksonville,Fla.:
Operating 1 to 3 presses...... 31.3 15.00
Operating more than 3
37.5 18.00
Richmond, Va.: Operating 2 to
5 presses................................ 20.8 10.00
Washington, D. C.: Operating
1 to 3 presses.......................... 31.3 15.00

|
1\
ll

If
ii

8
8

48
48

Cts. DoUs.
20.8 10.00
31.3 15.00

8
8

48
48

>11

2

*8

*48

25.0

12.00

*8

*48

l li

2

*8

*48

31.3

15.00

*8

*48

1*

li

8

48

20.8

10.00

8

48

li

2

*8

*48

31.3

15.00

*8

*48

43.8 21.00
36.5 17.50
39.6 19.00

*13
« ll
*ii

2
2
2

8
8
8

48
48
48

43.8 21.00
36.5 17.50
39.6 19.00

8
8
8

48
48
48

42.7 20.50
45.8 22.00

•1
3
* i!

2
2

8
8

48
48

42.7 20.50
45.8 22.00

8
8

48
48

30.2 14.50
32.3 15.50
36.5 17.50
40.6 19.50

i\
i\
i\
i\

2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48

30.2
32.3
36.5
40.6

14.50
15.50
17.50
19.50

8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48

^ 6V
Operating fo r 2 presses..... 27.1 13.00 i l l
2
48
27.1
8
29.2 14.00
Operating 3 presses...
29.2
2
48
8
Operating 4 presses--------- 32.3 15.50 » il
2
8
48
32.3
Operating 5 or more presses. 35.4 17.00 1i i
2
8
48
35.4
Detroit, Mich.:
Operating 2 presses............ 29.2 14.00
2
8f
48
12 28.1
8§
Operating 3 presses............ 33.3 16.00 !1
2
48
12 32.3
Operating 4 or 5 presses.... 37.5 18.00 u
2
8}
48
12 36.5
Operating 6 or more presses, 41.7 20.00 111
2
8f
48
12 40.6
Grand Rapids, Mich.:
2
Operating 2 presses............ 25.0 12.00
l\
8
48
25.0
2
Operating 3 presses............ 27.1 13.00
8
48
27.1
l\
Operating 4 or more presses. 29.2 14.00
lj
2
8
48
29.2
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Operating 1 press.......
2
8
48
26.0 12.50 113
26.0
30.2 14.50 l l
2
30.2
Operating 2 presses...
8
48
Operating 3 presses...
34.4
34.4 16.50 l l
2
8
48
2
38.5 18.50 ‘ 1
Operating 4 presses...
8
48
38.5
42.7 20.50 113
2
Operating 5 presses...
8
48
42.7
44.8
2
8
48
Operating 6 presses...
44.8 21.50 113
i TJntil midnight; double time thereafter.
* Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
* Double time on Saturday after completion of 48-hour week.

13.00
14.00
15.50
17.00

48
48
48
48

13.50
15.50
17.50
19.50

8
8
8
8
8f
8|
8f
8f

12.00
13.00
14.00

8
8
8

48
48
48

12.50
14.50
16.50
18.50
20.50
21.50

8
8
8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48
48
48

North Central.
Chicago, 111.: .
Operating co m b in a tio n
press with web attach­
ment................................
Operating 1 to 3 presses... . .
Operating 4 presses.............
Operating 5 presses or
proofers on 1 job press___
Operating 6 presses...
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Operating 1 or 2 presses.....
Operating 3 presses...
Operating^ presses...




48
48
48
48

190

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A.— UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESSMEN: Platen-Continued.
May 1,1915.
Rate of wages-

Hours of
labor—

May 1, 1914.
Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour.
full
hour. full
full day. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
North Central—Concluded.
Kansas City, Mo.:
Cts. Dolls.
Cts. Dons.
Operating 1 press...
133.3 16.00
2
33.3 16.00
8
8
48
Operating 2 presses.
335.4 17.00 2 i f
2
35.4 17.00
8
8
48
Operating 3 presses.
37.5 18.00
<37.5 18.00 *1§
2
8
48
8
Operating 4 pres
2
539.6 19.00 *1|
8
39.6 19.00
8
48
Operatingb to 7
•41.7 20.00 2 if
2
41.7 20.00
8
8
48
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Operating 1 or 2 presses.
29.2 14.00
2
732.3 15.50 * ii
»8 848
88
Operating 3 presses......
9 34.4 16.50 * il
2
88 848
33.3 16.00
88
Operating 4 presses......
W38.5 18.50 *i|
2
37.5 18.00
88
88 848
Minneapolis,Minn.:
Operating 3 presses.......
35.0 16.80 2i* 112
27.5 13.20
8 1248
8
2
Operating 4 or more presses. 40.0 19.20
12
1
33.5 16.08
8
8 1 48
Omaha, Nebr.:
Operating 1 to 3 presses.
31.3 15.00 1 if
8
31.3 15.00
48
8
*
n
Operating 4 presses......
33.3 16.00 i* ij
8
48
33.3 16.00
8
if
Operating 5 presses......
35.4 17.00 i* i}
8
48
35.4 17.00
8
if
Peoria, 111.:
Operating 2 presses......
2
27.1 13.00
8
48
27.1 13.00
8
Operating 3 presses......
29.2 14.00 2 if
2
29.2 14.00
8
8
48
Operating 4 or more presses. 31.3 15.00 2H
2
8
48
31.3 15.00
8
St. Louis, Mo.:
Operating 1 or 2 presses,-or
one 28-inch coupon press,
or 1 press with automatic
31.3 15.00 *1*
2
8
48
31.3 15.00
8
Operating 3 presses............ 34.4 16.50 2i l
2
34.4 16.50
8
48
8
Operating 4 presses, or one
42-inch coupon press, or 1
press with automatic
feeder and 2 hand-feed
37.5 18.00 2H
2
8
48
37.5 18.00
8
Operating 5 presses, or 1
press with automatic
feeder and 3 hand-feed
presses, or 2 presses with
automatic feed and 1
2
hand-feed press................ 40.6 19.50 2i*
8
48
40.6 19.50
8
St. Paul, Minn.:
2
12 29.7 14.25
Operating 1 to 3 presses...... 29.7 14.25 2U
9 1*48
9
2
12 34.9 16.75
9 «4 8
Operating 4 presses............. 34.9 16.75 2U
9
i Scale became 35.4 cents on Sept. 9,1915.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter,
s Scale became 37.5 cents on Sept. 9,1915.
4 Scale became 39.6 cents on Sept. 9,1915.
» Scale became 41.7 cents on Sept. 9,1915.
* Scale became 43.8 cents on Sept. 9,1915.
7 Scale became 34.9 cents on Aug. 1,1915.
* Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
9 Scale became 37 cents on Aug. 1,1915.
1 Scale became 41.1 cents on Aug. 1,1915.
0
ii For New Year, Memorial Day, Labor Day, and Thanksgiving, time and a half.
1 Hours total 49 per week, but 1 hour in each week is considered and paid for as overtime,
2
is Until midnight; double time thereafter, and after 5 p. m. on Saturday.




48
48
48
48
48
8 48
848
848
1*48
i*48
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48

<$

48
“ 48
“ 48

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR, MAY 1 , 1915.

191

T ab le A*—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESSMEN: Platen-Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.
Rate of wages—

Hours of
labor—

Rate of

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day
Per week,
Per
full full hal. hour*
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—

Hours of
labor—

Per
Per
week, full
full day.
time.

South Central.
Birmingham. Ala.:
Operating 1 or 2 presses...
Operating 3 presses..........
Operating 4 to 6 presses...
Operating 7 to 9 presses___
Operating 10 or morepresses.
Dallas, Tex.:
Operating 2 presses and 1
automatic press.............. .
Operating 1 to 4 presses.......
Houston, Tex.:
Operating 1 or 2 presses.___
Operating 3 to 5 presses....,
Little Rock, Ark.: Operating 4
Louisville, K y.:
Operating 1 press...............
Operating 2 presses............
Operating 3 presses............
Operating 4 presses............
Operating 5 presses............
Memphis, Tenn.:
Operating 1 press...............
Operating 3 presses or 1
automatic press..............
Operating 4 presses............
New Orleans, La.: Operating 1
or 2 presses............................

CtS.
31.3
33.3
35.4
39.6
41.7

DoUs.
15.00
16.00
17.00
19.00
20.00

248
248
248
248
248

45.8 22.00
35.4 17.00

8
8

15.50
18.00

28

48

45.8 22.00
35.4 17.00

8
8

16.00

Cts. DoUs.
31.3 15.00
33.3 16.00
35.4 17.00
39.6 19.00
41.7 20.00

32.3
37.5

25.0 12.00
28.1 13.50
30.2 14.50
32.3 15.50
34.4 16.50

8$
8
8:
8:
$

32.3
37.5

15.50
18.00

248

33.3

16.00

48

25.0
28.1
30.2
32.3
34.4

12.00
13.50
14.50
15.50
16.50

28.1

13.50

«8

248

28.1

13.50

31.3
34.4

15.00
16.50

28
28

248
248

31.3
34.4

15.00
16.50

34.4

16.50

34.4

16.50

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Operating 1 or 2 presses..
Operating 3 or 4 presses..
is, with an
Operating 7 presses, with an

37.5 18.00
41.7 20.00
45.8 22.00

•H
*l|
*1*

50.0 24.00

*1}

52.1

25.00

37.5 18.00
41.7 20.00
45.8 22.00
50.0 24.00
52.1

25.00
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Operating 3 presses............ 40.6 19.50
40.6 19.50
Operating 4 presses............. 42.7 20.50 > 1
1
42.7 20.50
Operating more than 4
44.8 21.50 *1*
44.8 21.50
Portland, Oreg.:
Operating 1 or 2 presses___ 37.5 18.00
37.5 18.00
Operating 3 presses............. 46.9 22.50
46.9 22.50
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Operating 1 or 2 presses...... 31.3 15.00 *1*
31.3 15.00
Operating 3 or 4 presses...... 37.5 18.00 *l|
37.5 18.00
Operating 5 or 6 presses...... 43.8 21.00 8 i f
43.8 21.00
Operating 8 presses, with an
' 48
50.0 24.00
assistant........................... 50.0 24.00
1*
* Before 6 p. m., time and a quarter; after 6 p. m., time and a half.
* Hours vary, but total 48 per week.
» Until midnight; double time thereafter.
<For Sunday; for holidays, time and a half.




28

28

192

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY
AND MAY 1, 1914—
Continued.

1, 1915,

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: BOOK AND JOB—Concluded.
PRESSMEN: Platen—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,, 1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
Wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. fuU full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

Western—Concluded.
San Francisco, Cal.:
Operating 1 or 2 presses......
Operating 3 presses.............
Seattle, Wash.:
Operating 1 or 2 presses (fore­
man)................................
Operating 3 or more presses
(foreman).........................
Operating 1 or 2 presses.......
Operating 3 or more presses.
Spokane, Wash.:
Operating 1 or 2 presses.......
Operating 3 presses.............
Operating 4 presses.............

a s. DoUs.
43.8 21.00
50.0 24.00

u
l{

2
2

8
8

48
48

Cts. DoUs.
43.8 21.00
50.0 24.00

48

44.8 21.50

li
If
If

1*
u
If
If

8

51.0 24.50
41.7 20.00
44.8 21.50

8
8
8

48
48
48

51.0 24.50
41.7 20.00
44.8 21.50

8
8
8

48
48
48

40.6 19.50
43.8 21.00
50.0 24.00

*1J
1 If
1 If

2
2
2

8
8
8

48
48
48

40.6 19.50
43.8 21.00
50.0 24.00

8
8
8

48
48
48

44.8 21.50

8
8
8

48
48
48

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER.
COMPOSITORS: Daywork.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.............................
Bridgeport, Conn......................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
English...............................
German.......... ...................
Fall River, Mass........................
Manchester, N. H .: Ad men
and make-ups........................
Newark. N. J.:
English...............................
German...............................
New Haven, Conn....................
New York, N. Y .:
Ent“

63.0
43.8

26.46
21.00

50.0
39.6
43.8

24.00
19.00
21.00

(*)
1*

1
1

*7
8

*4 2
48

63.0
43.8

26.46
21.00

87
8

342

1}
if
ll

2
2
2

8
8
8

48
48
48

50.0
39.6
40.6

24.00
19.00
19.50

8
8
8

48
48
48

48

35.4

17.00

IJ

1

8

48

35.4

17.00

8

48

60.9
55.0
47.9

28.00
22.00
23.00

2
1}
ll

1
1
2

7§
8
8

46
40
48

60.9
55.0
46.9

28.00
22.00
22.50

n
8
8

46
40
48

6 6.7
3 7 .5

30.00
18.00

IJ
(*)

<1
•2

7J
8

45
48

66 .7
3 7 .5

30.00
18.00

7J
8

45
48

37J
German...........
6 6.7
25.00
2
66 .7
25.00
37J
1]
7J
n
83.3 30.00
83.3
30.00
Hebrew...........
6
36
1
6
36
1
83.3 30.00
1
2
6
36
83.3 30.00
6
36
Hebrew.......... .
Hungarian._
_
59.5
25.00
1
2
42
5 7 .1
7
24.00
7
42
Italian.............
54.8 23.00
1
2
7
42
43.8 21.00
8
48
Philadelphia, Pa.:
4 1 .7
English...........
4 1.7
20.00
48
20.00
8
48
8
1
IJ
40
55.0 22.00
8
40
55.0 22.00
8
German...........
1
IJ
i Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* 82 cents per hour.
8 Actual hours worked. Minimum, 6 per day, 36 per week; maximum, 8 per day, 48 per week.
* On 7-day newspapers. On 6-day newspapers—for holidays, no increase in rate; for Sunday, double
time.
* 50 cents per hour.
« For holidays; for Sunday, 50 cents per hour.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOB, MAY 1,1915.

193

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
COMPOSITORS: Daywork—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Rate of wages—

North Atlantic—Concluded.
Pittsburgh, Pa...............
Providence. R. I........... .
Rochester, N. Y .:
English................... ,
German....................
Scranton, Pa.: Adm en.
Worcester, Mass.:
English................... .
French.....................

Cts. Dolls.
60.0 27.00
50.0 24.00

1
1

41.7 20.00
39.6 19.00
47.9 23.00

2
2
1

22.50
20.50

«2
52

46.9
42.7

245
48

Os. DoUs.
60.0 27.00
47.9 23.00

•P

8
8
8

48
48
<48

41.7 20.00
39.6 19.00
47.9 23.00

8
8
8

8
8

48
48

46.9 22.50
42.7 20.50

8
8

48

43.8 21.00

42
48
48
48
48
48
42

57.1 24.00
31.3 15.00
33.3 16.00
46.9 22.50
50.0 24.00
33.3 16.00
60.7 25.50

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...........
Baltimore, Md.:
English...........
German..........
Charleston. S. C ...
Jacksonville, F la ..,
Head ad men..
Richmond, Va......
Washington, D. C.

43.8 21.00
59.5
35.4
33.3
46.9
50.0
37.5
60.7

25.00
17.00
16.00
22.50
24.00
18.00
25.50

62.0
50.0
56.8
55.0
1*47.9
50.0
56.3

27.90
24.00
25.00
26.40
23.00
24.00
27.00

%

li
IS
li
l)
(»)

1
1
*1}
«1
81
1
1

North Central.
Chicago, HI.:
English.........
Bohemian....
German... ...
Norwegian...
Polish...........
Swedish........
Cincinnati, Ohio..
Cleveland, Ohio:

81
2*
2
1

45
"I1 1048
44
I* 48
8
8
8

48
48
48

50.0
56.8
55.0
43.8
50.0
54.2

27.90 1 7}
0
24.00
8
25.00
26.40
I*
21.00
8
24.00
8
8
26.00

8
53.8 25.80
1
48
53.8 25.80
8
Germ an....
47.9 23.00
8
47.9 23.00
48
8
li
Ml
55.2 24.00
Hungarian..
54.0 23.50
7i H43i
7i
i After 8 hours a day.
* Minimum; maximum, 8 per day, 48 per week,
o 70 cents per hour.
* Allowed 2 days off each year, with pay.
o For Sunday and Labor Day; for other holidays, time and a quarter.
8 75 cents per hour,
* On 6-day newspapers; on 7-da:
no increase in rate.
8 On 7-day newspapers. On
Tor holidays, no increase in rate; for Sunday, double
time.
»86 cents per hour.
io Actual hours worked. Minimum 7 per day, 42 per week; maximum 8 per day, 48 per week,
u Until 8 p. m.; double time thereafter,
u 80 cents per hour.
io Scale became 50 cents on July 1,1915.
i< Until 8 p. m.; double time thereafter, and onfSaturday after completion of 48-hour week,
is Until midnight; work thereafter prohibited.
i« For Sunday; do not work on holidays,
n Allowed 6 days off each year, with pay.

30061°— Bull. 194—16------ 13




194

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER-Continued.
COMPOSITORS: Daywork—Continued.
May 1,1915.

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Over­ days
with
and
time. hoUPer
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
fuU full haft- hour. full fuU fuU
fuU
day. time. holitime. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byHours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Geographical division and city.

May 1,1914.

North Central—Concluded.
Detroit, Mich.:
English,...............
Bankmen___
German...............
Grand Rapids, Mich..
Indianapolis, Ind.:
English...............
•
Bankmen.. . .
German...............
Kansas City.M o........
Milwaukee, Wis.:
English................
German...............
Minneapolis, Minn.:
English................
German...............
Omaha, Nebr.:
English................
German...............
Peoria, HI..................
St. Louis, Mo.:
German.......
St. Paul, Minn.:
English........
German.......

li

18
18
8
8

148
148
48
48

Cts.
55.0
43.8
39.6
43.8

DoUs.
26.40
21.00
19.00
21.00

18
18
8
8

148
148
48
48

•U
•i f
(<)

•li

8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48

50.0
47.9
43.8
59.4

24.00
23.00
21.00
28.50

8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48

if

2
2

8
8

48
48

47.9 23.00
41.7 20.00

8
8

48
48

25.92
19.50

ii

1
2

8
8

48
48

54.0 25.92
40.6 19.50

8
8

48
48

53.1 25.50
46.9 22.50
45.0 21.60

li
if
if

1

8
8
8

48
48
48

53.1 25.50
46.9 22.50
45.0 21.60

8
8
8

48
48
48

58.7 27.00
58.7 23.47

(•)
1

1

1

7f
6f

46
40

58.7 27.00
58.7 23.47

7|
61

46
40

48
48

54.5 26.16
40.6 19.50

8
8

48
48

87
8
8
8
8
8
74
7f
7

842
48
48
48
48
48
45
45
42i

Cts.
55.0
43.8
39.0
45.8

Dolls.
26.40
21.00
19.00
22.00

1}
if
(2
)

50.0
47.9
43.8
59.4

24.00
23.00
21.00
28.50

(<)

50.0 24.00
43.8 21.00
54.0
40.6

li

li

l*
» li

if
(*)
1

li
1

54.5
40.6

26.16
19.50

1*
if

1
2

8
8

54.5
55.0
•61.3
50.0
50.0
52.1
57.8
62.2
57.0

22.89
26.40
29.44
24.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
28.00
24.23

li

U
2
1

87
8
8
8
8
8

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala..
Dallas, T ex...........
Houston, Tex........
Little Rock, A rk ..
Louisville, Ky.......
Head ad men..
Memphis, T enn....
Head ad ipgn..
New Orleans, L a ..

li

if
li
if
if
if
if

li

1
1
1
1
1

842
48
48
48
48
48
45
7i
7i 45
42i
7

53.0
55.0
60.0
50.0
50.0
52.1
57.8
62.2
56.0

22.26
26.40
28.80
24.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
28.00
23.80

Western.
1£
1
63.3 28.50
7J 45
7}
45
63.3 28.50
Denver, Colo.............
1
64.4 29.00
7J 45
64.4 29.00
7}
45
Los Angeles, Cal........
if
68.3 30.75
68.3 30.75
1
45
Portland, Oreg..........
7f 45
7f
if
1
8
48
62.5 30.00
62.5 30.00
8
48
Salt Lake City, Utah.
if
1 Maximum; minimum 7 per day, 42 per week.
* 70 cents per hour.
s On 6-day newspapers; on 7-day newspapers, no increase in rate.
* 15 cents per hour more than single time.
» Until midnight; double time thereafter.
8 1* cents per minute until 6 p. m.; 1} cents per minute thereafter.
7 On 7-day newspapers. On 6-day newspapers— holidays, no increase in rate; for Sunday, time and
-for
a half.
8 Minimum; maximum 8 per day, 48 per week.
9 Scale became 62.3 cents on July 21,1915.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

195

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOB IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
COMPOSITORS: Daywork—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Oveiv and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week. day Per
Per week,
full full half­ hour.
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—

Hours of
labor—

Per
Per
week. Per week,
full
full day. fu ir
time.
time.

Western—Concluded.
San Francisco. Cal.:
E nglish......................
Proofreaders........
French........................
Italian..........................
Swedish.......................
Seattle, Wash....................
Spokane, Wash..................

Cts.
69.0
76.2
57.8
57.8
57.8
75.0
63.3

DoUs.
29.00
32.00
26.00
26.00
26.00
31.50
28.50

Cts.
64.4
71.1
57.8
57.8
57.8
75.0
63.3

1*
if
if
1*
<>
*
li

DoUs.
29.00
32.00
26.00
26.00
26.00
31.50
28.50

67.0
72.0
47.9
56.3
41.7

28.14
30.24
23.00
27.00
20.00

45
45
45
45
45
42
45

COMPOSITORS: Nightwork.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Regular sh ift...
Lobster shift....
Bridgeport, Conn...
Buffalo, N. Y .........
Manchester, N. H ...
Newark. N .J.:
English................

German............
New Haven, Conn..
New York. N. Y .:
German.......... .
Hebrew..........
H ungarian....
Italian..............
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Engfish..........
Gorman..........
Pittsburgh, Pa.:

28.14
30.24
23.00
27.00
20.00

(8)
(8
)
1*
1*
1

1
1
1
1
1

67.4 31.00
61.3 24.50
54.2 26.00

2
1}
ll

1
1
1

7|
8
8

46
40
48

33.00
37.50
30.00
27.00
25.00

1]
ll
1
1
1

*1
2
1
2
2

7i
7}

4
r
7

45
37i
27
42
42

47.8 22.00
60.0 24.00

1|
11

1
1

7§
8

46
40

67.0
72.0
47.9
56.3
41.7

73.3
73.3
111.1
64.3
59.5

47
*7
8
8
8

442
442
48
48
48

«7
<7
8
8
8

442
442
48
48
48

67.4 31.00
61.3 24.50
53.1 25.50

7§
8
8

46
40
48

33.00
27.50
30.00
26.00
23.00

7|
7*
4*
7
7

45
37i
27
42
42

47.8 22.00
60.0 24.00

7|
8

46
40

73.3
73.3
111.1
61.9
54.8

'Rngllsh.............
65.0 29.25 »7 i 7 45
65.0 29.25 • li
1 »7 i * 45
853.1 25.50
8
48
8
48
855.0 26.40 (»)
1
German.......... .
55.6 25.00
57.8 26.00 (10)
45
1
7|
7i 45
Providence, R. I . ..
14
48
45.8 22.00
8
48
45.8 22.00
1
8
Rochester, N. Y ...,
54.2 26.00
8
48
54.2 26.00
8
48
1
Scranton, Pa..........
if
53.1 25.50
8
48
ll
1
8
48
53.1 25.50
Worcester, M ass...
1 $1.15per hour.
2 For Sunday; work 5 hours on holidays, paid for full day.
3 87 cents par hour.
* Actual hours worked. Minimum, 6 per day, 36 per week; maximum, 8 per day, 48 per week.
5 On 7-day newspapers. On 6-day newspapers— holidays, no Increase In rate; for Sunday, double
for
time.
« After 8 hours a day.
7 Minimum; maximum, 8 per day, 48 per week.
8 Must set not less than 6,000 ems, 10-point, per hour.
75 cents per hour.
w 70 cents per hour.




196
T

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS,

A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

a b le

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER— Continued.
COMPOSITORS: Nightwork—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per
Per week,
full full half­ hour.
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
South Atlantic,
Atlanta, Ga...............................
Baltimore, Md.:
English...............................
German...............................
Charleston, S. C.........................
Richmond, Va...........................
Wfl.shingt.nrij D. C ....................

a s. Dolls.
50.0 24.00
61.9 26.00
45.0 18.00
33.3 16.00
41.7 20.00
66.6 27.96

n

1

8

(!)
(2)
1}
if
(<)

1
1
M»

7
8
8
8
7

1

48
42
40
48
48
42

Hours of
labor—

Per Per Per
week, full week,
full day. full
time.
time.

Os. Dolls.
50.0 24.00

8

48

59.5 25.00
43.8 17.50
33.3 16.00
37.5 18.00
66.6 27.96

7
8
8
8
7

42
40
48
48
42

North Central,
Chicago, HI.:
TCnglish................................ 67.0 30.15
61
•45
67.0 30.15
8 45
44
44
62.5 27.50 ‘ 3
German.............................. 62.5 27.50
8
Norwegian........................... 60.0 28.80 (■)
48
60.0 28.80
8
48
<
l)
Cincinnati. Ohio:
1}
1
62.5 30.00
8
48
60.4 29.00
8
48
1}
1
German............................... 50.0 20.00
8
40
50.0 20.00
8
40
Cleveland, Ohio:
1}
1
English................................ 60.0 28.80
8
48
60.0 28.80
8
48
39.1 17.00
Hungarian.......................... 41.4 18.00 7if 81
7} «43}
n ®43}
i{
1 8 1 48
0
0
........ 60.0 28.80
T>fltr«ft, Mir.h,,
0
0
60.0 28.80 1 8 1 48
li
0
0
45.8 22.00 1 8 1 48
Bankmen............................ 45.8 22.00
if
if 108 io 48
47.9 23.00
8
48
8
48
Grand Rapids. Mich.................. 50.0 24.00
if
54.2 26.00
Indianapolis, ind....................... 54.2 26.00
8
48
8
48
i* 8 1}
1} 8if
52.1 25.00
8
48
Bankmen............................ 52.1 25.00
8
48
if
TTftngfts City, Mo........................ 59.4 28.50
59.4 28.50
8
48
8
48
Milwaukee, Wis.:
TP.nglifsh...........................
1}
1
8
54.2 26.00
8
56.3 27.00
48
48
n
1
8
48
47.9 23.00
8
48
German............................... 50.0 24.00
i|
1
Minneapolis, Minn,...........
60.0 28.80
8
48
60.0 28.80
8
48
Omaha, Nebr.:
i}
1
59.4 28.50
English............................... 59.4 28.50
8
48
8
48
8
48
53.1 25.50
48
8
German............................... 53.1 25.50
if
n
i{ u i
Peoria, 111.................................. 50.0 24.00
8
48
50.0 24.00
8
48
St. Louis, Mo.:
i
English................................ 66.7 30.00
7} 45
45
66.7 30.00
7}
r\
i
66.7 26.67
German............................... 66.7 26.67
40
7f 40
i
61.0 29.28
8
48
St. Paul, Minn.......................... 61.0 29.28
u
8 48
180 cents per hour.
* 60 cents per hour.
* On 6-day newspapers; on 7-day newspapers, no increase in rate.
* 94} cents per hour.
* On 7-day newspapers. On 6-day newspapers—lor holidays, no increase in rate; for Sunday, double
time.
*Actual hours worked. Minimum, 7 per day, 42 per week; maximum, 8 per day, 4€ per week.
* Until midnight; work thereafter prohibited.
8 For Sunday; do not work on holidays.
®Allowed 6 days off each year with pay.
w Maximum; minimum, 7 per day, 42 per week,
u For Sunday; work 6 hours on holidays, paid for full day.
1 2 cents per minute until 5 a. m .; If cents per minute thereafter.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOB, MAY 1,1915.

197

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
COMPOSITORS: Nightwork—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hoursof
labor—

Rate of

Hours of
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala..........
Dallas, Tex...................
Houston, Tex...............
Little Rock, Ark..........
Louisville, K y.:
E n glish....;............
Head ad m en..
German..................
Memphis, Tenn.............
Head ad men.........
New Orleans, La..........

Cts.
59.5
62.5
*64.0
54.2

DoUs.
24.99
30.00
30.72
26.00

*1
2
1

li

2 42
48
48
48

Os.
58.0
62.5
62.7
54.2

DoUs.
24.36
30.00
30.08
26.00

242
48
48
48

55.0
62.5
45.0
58.0
62.5
62.0

26.40
30.00
18.00
27.84
30.00
28.52

1
1
1
1
1
1

48
48
40
48
48
*46

55.0
62.5
45.0
57.0
62.5
61.0

26.40
30.00
18.00
27.36
30.00
28.67

48
48
40
48
48
2 47

70.0
71.1
75.0
68.8

31.50
32.00
33.75
33.00

1
1
1
1

70.0
71.1
75.0
68.8

31.50
32.00
33.75
33.00

45
45
45
48

76.2
83.3
64.4
64.4
64.4
64.4
82.1
70.0

32.00
35.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
34.50
31.50

1
1
1
1
1
1
«1
1

71.1
77.8
64.4
64.4
64.4
64.4
82.1
70.0

32.00
35.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
34.50
31.50

45
45
45
45
45
45
42
45

Western.
Denver, Colo.................
Los Angeles, Cal...........
Portland, Oreg..........
Salt Lake City, U tah...
San Francisco, Cal.:
E nglish.................
Proofreaders...
French....................
German..................
Italian.....................
Swedish..................
Seattle, Wash...............
Spokane, Wash.............

LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Daywork.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass........
Bridgeport, Conn..
Buffalo, N. Y .:
English...........
German..........
Fall River, Mass...
Manchester, N. H .
Newark, N. J.:

63.0 26.46
43.8 21.00
50.0
39.6
45.8
35.4

24.00
19.00
22.00
17.00

(7
)
li
1*
l|
li

1
1

87
8

842
48

63.0 26.46
43.8 21.00

87
8

842
48

2
2
2
1

8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48

50.0 24.00
39.6 19.00
45.8 22.00
35.4 17.00

8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48

2
1
7§
46
60.9 28.00
7§
46
60.9 28.00
German............
8
40
1
55.0 22.00
8
40
55.0 22.00
li
2
8
New Haven, Conn..
48
8
46.9 22.50
48
47.9 23.00
li
1 On 7-day newspapers, On 6-day newspapers—for holidays, no increase in rate; for Sunday, time and a
half.
2 Minimum; maximum, 8 per day, 48 per week.
* Scale became 65.3 cents on July 21,1915.
« 50 cents per hour.
* $1.20 per hour.
* For Sunday: work 5 hours on holidays, paid for fan day.
7 82 cents per hour.
8 Actual hours worked. Minimum, 6 per day, 36 per week; maximum, 8 per day, 48 per week.




198

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Daywork—Continued.
May 1, 1914.

May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
wages—
Num­
ber
I
of
Sun­
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satui>
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Rate of wages—

North Atlantic—Concluded.
New York, N. Y .:

...... rr -r_____

Bohemian............................
German..............................
Hebrew............. .............
Hungarian..........................
Italian..................................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
English...............................
Germ an..............................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
English................................
G erm an.............................
Providence, R . I . . . ..................
Providence. R . I......... .............
Rochester, N. Y .:
F-Tiglish
.................
German..............................
Scranton. P a .............................
Worcester, Mass.:
English................................
French................................

Cts.
66.7
47.6
66.7
83.3
59.5
54.8

DoUs.
30.00
20.00
25.00
30.00
25.00
23.00

1}
(2)
4
u
li
l{

il
(8
)
l
2
2

45.8 22.00
55.0 22.00

1}
if

1
1

60.0 27.00
«55.0 26.40
50.0 24.00
•11.5

<1|
(7
)
(8)
'{

45.8 22.00
39.6 19.00
47.9 23.00
46.9 22.50
42.7 20.50

?
7
7

45
42
37}
36
42
42

Cts.
66.7
47.6
66.7
83.3
57.1
43.8

DoUs.
30.00
20.00
25.00
30.00
24.00
21.00

?
7
8

45
42
37}
36
42
48

8
8

48
40

45.8 22.00
55.0 22.00

8
8

48
40

1
1
1
1

5 45
48
48
8
5 6} 539

60.0 27.00
653.1 25.50
47.9 23.00
•11.0

‘ I*
8
56*

5 45
48
48
539

H
li
1}

2
2
1

8
48
8
48
8 1 48
0

45.8 22.00
39.6 19.00
47.9 23.00

8
8
8

48
48
1 48
0

H
if

112
H2

8
8

46.9 22.50
42.7 20.50

8
8

48
48

?

48
48

?

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...............................
Baltimore, Md...........................
Charleston, S. C ................... .
Jacksonville. Fla.......................
Richmond, v a ...........................
Washington, D. C.....................

•8.5
59.5
•9.0
52.1
45.8
60.7

1
1

25.00

*25*66*
22.00
25.50

%f
i
(“ )

f?
1
1

8
48
7
42
56} 539
1 8 1 48
«
3
8
48
42
7

•8.5
57.1
•9.0
52.1
41.7
60.7

48
8
42
7
56} 539
3
3
*25*00* 1 8 1 48
8
48
20.00
42
25.50
7
24.00

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
___ _________ 1550.0
45
45
1550.0
1* 11
36
?
?
36
M14.0
Bohemian........................... 1614.0
if
44
2
56.8 25.00
German............................... 56.8 25.00
8i 44
Si
i On 7-day newspapers. On 6-day newspapers—for holidays, no Increase In rate; for Sunday, double time.
* 50 cents per hour.
8 For Sunday, 50 cents per hour; for holidays, double time.
* After 8 hours a day.
« Minimum; maximum, 8 per day, 48 per week.
« Must set not less than 6,000 ems, 10-point, per hour.
* 75 cents per hour,
s 70 cents per hour.
* Per 1,000 ems, nonpareil.
io AUowed 2 days off each year, with pay.
ii For Sunday and Labor Day; for other holidays, time and a quarter,
i* 10 cents per 1,000 ems, nonpareil.
i» Maximum; minimum, 7 per day, 42 per week.
1 86 cents per hour.
4
is For 3,500 ems per hour; 55 cents for 4,500 ems, and 1 cent for each lOO^ems over 4,500 ems.
is Per 1,000 ems, 8-point or under; over 8-point, 17 cents.
1 For first 3 hours; double time thereafter.
7




UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOUBS OP LABOR, M AY 1,1915.

199

A.—
UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOUBS OP LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T a b le

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Daywork—Continued.
May 1,1915.
Rate of wages—

Hours of.
labor—

May 1,1914.
Rate of

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per
day
Per week,
full full half­ Per
hour. full
day. time. holi­ hour.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—

Hours of
labor—

Per Per Per
week, full week,
full day. full
time.
time.

North Central—Concluded.
Chicago, HI.—Concluded.
Cts. DoUs.
cu. DoUs.
Norwegian......................... 55.0 26.40
8
48
55.0 26.40
8
48
0)
Polish................................ 50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
48
2
8
8
48
Swedish............................. 50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
2
8
48
8
48
54.2 26.00
8
48
Cincinnati, Ohio...................... 56.3 27.00
1
8
48
Cleveland, Ohio:
English.............................. 53.8 25.80
8
48
53.8 25.80
1
8
48
German............................. 50.0 24.00
8
48
50.0 24.00
8
48
1*
Hungarian......................... 55.2 24.00
•434
54.0 23.50
*1
•434
55.2 24.00
Hungarian......................... 57.5 25.00
•43|
*1
3
* •43}
Detroit, Mich.:
English.............................. 55.0 26.40
55.0 26.40 78
748
?8 748
824.0
English............................. «24.0
78
748
l} 78 748
German............................. 52.5 2i.'66*
50.0 20.00
8
40
8 .40
(»)
43.8 21.00
8
Grand Rapids. Mich................ 45.8 22.00 %
1
8
48
48
Indianapolis, Ind.:
io l j
50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
8
48
8
48
50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
8
48
German............
48
8
59.4 28.50
59.4 28.50
Kansas City.M o .. .
8
48
48
8
Milwaukee, Wis.:
50.0 24.00
48
2
8
English............
8
47.9 23.00
48
48
German............
45.8 22.00
43.8 21.00
2
8
8
48
Minneapolis, Minn.
1*10.0
8
48
1*10.0
1
8
48
Omaha, Nebr.:
English............
53.1 25.50
48
8
53.1 25.50
1
8
48
German.............
8
48
46.9 22.50
1
8
48
46.9 22.50
45.0 21.60
8
48
Peoria, HI...............
48
45.0 21.60
1
8
St. Louis. Mo.:
1*11.0
1*11.0
1 6* 1*39
5
1 w 61 1*39
German.......
58.7 23.47
58.7 23.47
40
1
6|
61 40
St. Paul. Minn.:
48
54.5 26.16
1
8
48
8
54.5 26.16
48
English ,
1*10.0
1
8
48
1*10.0
8
40.6 19.50*
German.
2
8
48
48
40.6 l9.'50
8
180 cents per hour.
* Until 8 p. m .; double time thereafter.
* Until 8 p. m .; double time thereafter, and on Saturday after completion of 48-hour Week.
* Until midnight; work thereafter prohibited.
* For Sunday; do not work on holidays.
* Allowed 6 days off each year, with pay.
7 Maximum; minimum. 7 per day, 42 per week.
8 Per 100lines, nonpareu.
* 70 cents per nour.
i° On 6-day newspapers; on 7-day newspapers, no increase in rate.
1 15 cents per hour more than single time.
1
1 Until midnight; double time thereafter,
2
i* Per 1,000 ems, nonpareil.
i< After 6 p. m ., 1&cents per minute,
i* Minimum; maximum, 7$ per day, 46 per week.




200

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T ujle A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Daywork—Concluded.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Hours of
Rate of
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week. day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half- hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Bate of wages—

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.........
Birmingham, Ala.........
Dallas,Tex...................
Houston, Tex...............
Little Rock, Ark..........
Little Rock, Ark..........
Louisville, K y..............
Memphis, Tenn............
New Orleans, La..........

as. DoUs.
54.5
«9.0
812.5
*11.0
65.0 27.30
*9.5
50.0 24.00'
*9.5
610.0

7
8
■p

42
42
48
245
42

a s. DoUs.
53.0 22.26
*9.0
*12.5
*11.0
65.0 27.30
*9.5
50.0 24*56'
*9.5
«10.0

?8

45
45
45
7 48

63.3 28.50
64.4 29.00
68.3 30.75
*10.0

37

u

11
2

I

1
1

*7

:p

842
242

27
27
1%

7
7
8

7

242
242

*39
539
42
42
48
245
42

Western.
Denver, Colo.................
Los Angeles, Cal...........
Portland, Oreg.............
Salt Lake City, Utah...
San Francisco, Cal.:
English...................
French....................
Italian....................
Swedish..................
Seattle, Wash...............
Spokane, Wash.............

63.3
64.4
68.3
«10.0

28.50
29.00
30.75

69.0
57.8
57.8
57.8
75.0
63.3

29.00
26.00
26.00
26.00
31.50
“ 28.50

1*
if

1*
if

1*

1}
(8
)
1*

1
1
1
1

42
45
45
45
42
45

1
1
1
1
•1
1

64.4
57.8
57.8
57.8
75.0
63.3

45
45
45
7 48

29.00
26.00
26.00
26.00
31.50
1*28.50

45
45
45
45
42
45

LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Nightwork.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass........
Lobster shift..
Bridgeport, Conn..
Buffalo, N. Y .:
English...........
German..........
Manchester, N. H .
Newark, N. J.:

67.0 28.14 (ll)
72.0 30.24 (U
J
47.9 23.00
li

1
1
1

127
127
8

1242
1242
48

56.3
43.8
41.7

1
2
1

8
8
8

48
48
48

27.00
21.00
20.00

ll
li

67.0 28.14 127
72.0 30.24 127
8
47.9 23.00
56.3 27.00
43.8 21.00
41.7 20.00

8
8
8

1242
1242
48
48
48
48

2
1
67.4 31.00
46
67.4 31.00
46
7§
n
German......................
8
1
40
8
61.3 24.50
61.3 24.50
40
ij
1
8
54.2 26.00
48
53.1 25.50
8
48
New Haven, Conn............
ll
1 On 7-day newspapers. On 6-day newspapers—for holidays, no increase in rate; for Sunday, time and
a half.
2 Minimum; maximum, 8 per day, 48 per week.
* Per 1,000 ems, nonpareil.
4Maximum; minimum, 5} per day, 33 per week.
* Minimum; maximum, 7 per day, 42 per week.
8 Per 1,000 ems, agate or nonpareil.
7Maximum; minimum, 6J per day, 39 per week.
* $1.15 per hour.
* For Sunday; work 5 hours on holidays, paid for full day.
10And 10 cents per 1,000 ems over 41,250 ems per day.
u 87 cents per hour.
» Actual hours worked. Minimum, 6 per day, 36 per week; maximum, 8 per day, 48 per week.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

201

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Nightwork—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

North Atlantic—Concluded.
New York. N. Y .:
English............................
German............................
Hebrew............................
Hungarian.......................
Italian..............................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
English............................
German............................
Pittsburgh, Pa.......................
Providence, R. I ....................
Providence, R. I .....................
Rochester, N. Y .....................
Scranton, P a ........................
Worcester, Mass.....................

Cfe. Dolls.
73.3 33.00
73.3 27.50
111.1 30.00
64.3 27.00
59.5 25.00
54.3
60.0
65.0
57.8
512.5
50.0
54.2
53.1

Cts.
73.3
73.3
111.1
61.9
54.8

Dolls.
33.00
27.50
30.00
26.00
23.00

45
«36
48
48
48

54.3
60.0
65.0
55.6
512.5
50.0
54.2
53.1

25.00
24.00
29.25
25.00

8

48

510.0

8

48

7

42
40
>40}
48
42

59.5 25.00
43.8 17.50
511.0
45.8 22.00
66.6 27.96

7

42
40
•40}
48
42

*1

2

45
37}
27
42
42

1

I

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

I1 846
40
45

2
2

25.00
24.00
29.25
26.00
24.00
26.00
25.50

•6
8
8
8

24.00
26.00
25.50

7
7

P
•8
8

«6

8
8

45
37}
27
42
42
46
40
345
45
•36
48
48
48

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga............................
Baltimore, Md.:
English............................
German............................
Charleston, S. C......................
Richmond, Va.......................
Washington, D .C ..................

& 10.0

61.9 26.00
45.0 18.00
511.0
50.0 24.00
66.6 27.96

1*

8

9

'S1

(10)

7

8

»6f
8

7

North Central.
Chicago, m .:
English.

U
1155.0
U55.0
45
36
1*16.0
1216.0
44
62.5 27.50
German------62.5 27.50 "P
9
48
Norwegian...
60.0 28.80
60.0 28.80
48
Swedish........
55.0 26.40
55.0 26.40 %
Cincinnati. Ohio:
English.........
60.4 29.00
48
62.5 30.00
1
German........
1
50.0 20.00
40
50.0 20.00
1 On 7-day newspapers. On 6-day newspapers—for holidays, no increase in rate; for Sunday, double
time.
*After 8 hours a day.
* Minimum; maximum, 8 per day, 48 per week.
470 cents per hour.
• Per 1,000ems, nonpareil.
« Minimum; maximum, 7} per day, 45 per week.
»80 cents per hour.
8 60 cents per hour.
• Actual hours worked. Minimum, 6 per day, 36 per week; maximum, 8 per day, 48 per week.
94} cents per hour.
u For 3,500 ems per hour; 60 cents for 4,500 ems and 1 cent for each 100 ems over 4,500 ems.
1 Per 1.000 ems,8-point or under; over 8-point, 19 cents.
2
mFor first 3 hours; double time thereafter.




<
3

202

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T able

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Nightwork—Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1,19X5.
Rate of wages—

Hours of
labor—

Rate of

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per
Per week,
full full half­ hour.
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—

Hours of
labor—

Per
Per Per
week, full week,
full day. full
time.
time.

North Central—Concluded.
Cleveland, Ohio:
English...............
Hungarian..........
DetroitTMich............
Detroit, Mich............
Grand Rapids, Mich.
Indianapolis, Ind___
Kansas City, Mo.......
Milwaukee, w is.:
English...............
German............ .
Minneapolis, M inn...
Omaha, Nebr.:
English..............
German.............
Peoria, HI.................
St. Louis. Mo.:
German.......
St. Paul. Minn.:
English........

F.ngUsh.........

German.......

as.
60.0
59.8
60.0
526.0
50.0
54.2
59.4

Dolls.
28.80
26.00
28.80
24.00
26.00
28.50

56.3 27.00
52.1 25.00
* 11.0

59.4 28.50
53.1 25.50
50.0 24.00
713.0

DoUs.
28.80
25.00
28.00

7*
<8
<8
8
8
8

48
843*
<48
<48
48
48
48

54.2 26.00
50.0 24.00
711.0

8
8
86

48
48
8 36

48
48
48

59.4 28.50
53.1 25.50
50.0 24.00

8

48
48
48

1039
40

713.0
66.7 26.67

1 39
0
40

48
48
48

61.0
711.0
46.9 22.50

48
48
48

60.0
57.5
60.0
526.0
47.9
54.2
59.4

8
8
86

48
48
836

8

8
8

26.67

61.0 29.28
U1.0
46.9 22150

as.

8
48
7* 843*
*8 448
<8 <48
48
8
8
48
8
48

8
8
8

23.00
26.00
28.50

8

8
8

South Central.
1
Birmingham, A la..
842
59.5 24.99
87 842
58.0 24.36 87
Birmingham, Ala.
842
1
«
UO.O
710.0
87
87 842
Dallas, Tex...........
t
U 3.5
713.5
1* 6 *
i*39
1* 6* 1*39
Houston, Tex.......
U1.5
li
18 6* 1 39
M6| i*39
711.5
8
142
Little Rock, A rk..
70.0 29.40
7
42
7
70.0 29.40
Little Rocp, Ark..
42
710.0
7
42
710.0
7
1
|
Louisville, Ky.:
English...........
55.0 26.40
8
55.0 26.40
8
48
48
1*
German..........
50.0 20.00
8
50.0 20.00
40
8
40
Memphis, T en n ...
710.5
710.5
W48
» 8 *48
»8
New Orleans, L a ..
43*
712.0
42*
712.0
7
7
1
i Until midnight; work thereafter prohibited.
* For Sunday; do not work on holidays.
8Allowed 6 days off each year, with pay.
* Maximum; minimum, 7 per day, 42 per week.
<
5 Per 100 lines, nonpareil.
<On 6-day newspapers; on 7-day newspapers, no increase in rate.
7 Per 1,000 ems, nonpareil.
8 Minimum; maximum, 8 per day, 48 per week.
8 If cents per minute after 5 a. m.
io Minimum; maximum, 7* per day, 45 per week.
u On 7-day newspapers. On 6-day newspapers—for holidays, no increase in rate; for Sunday, time
and a half.
i* Maximum; minimum, 5* per day, 33 per week.
i8 Minimum; maximum, 7 per day, 42 per week.
i< 50 cents per hour.
u Maximum; minimum, 7* per day, 45 per week.




UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOB, MAY 1 , 1915.

203

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOUBS OP LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Nightwork—Concluded.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per Per Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day
Per week,
full full half­ hour. week, full week,
full day. fulF
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Rate of wages—

Western.
Denver, Colo.............
Los Angeles, Cal.......
Portland, Oreg..........
Salt Lake City, Utah
San Francisco, Cal.:
E n glish.............
French................
German...............
Italian.................
Seattle, Wash.......... .
Spokane, Wash........ .

Cts.
70.0
71.1
75.0

Hours of
labor—

DoUs.
31.50
32.00
33.75

* 11.0

76.2
64.4
64.4
64.4
82.1
70.0

32.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
34.50
<31.50

Cts.
70.0
71.1
75.0

DoUs.
31.50
32.00
33.75

71.1
64.4
61.4
64.4
82.1
70.0

32.00
29.00
29.00
29.00
34.50
<31.50

111.0

45
45
45
48
45
45
45
45
42
45

MACHINE TENDERS: Daywork.
North Atlantic.
• 42
1 •7
Boston, Mass..................
63.0 26.46
63.0 26.46
•4 2
•7
<«>
1
8
43.8 21.00
Bridgeport, Conn.........
43.8 21.00
8
48
48
If
Buffalo, N .Y .................
58.3 28.00
2
8
58.3 28.00
8
48
48
Fall River, Mass............
2
8
45.8 22.00
48
45.8 22.00
8
48
1*
Manchester, N. H ...........
5 2 .1
25.00
5 2 .1
8
48
25.00
1
8
48
1*
Newark, N .J .................
2
60.9 28.00
1
46
60.9 28.00
46
n
n
New Haven, Conn..........
2
8
5 1.0 24.50
48
8
48
50.0 24.00
tt
New York, N .Y .:
5 to 8 machines........
11 r
5 7.8 26.00
U
45
5 7.8
26.00
45
7t
71
13 or more machines.
li
68.9 31.00
45
45
68.9 31.00
7l
7|
Philadelphia, Pa............
8
1
45.8 22.00
48
1
45.8 22.00
8
48
Pittsburgh, Pa...............
•4 5
* lj
1 •7*
9 71
•45
6 6 .7 30.00
6 6 .7 30.00
.................
•4 5
4 3.3
1 •7*
4 3.3
•7*
•4 5
19.50
19.50
*1
( 10
)
1
8
48
4 7.9
23.00
Providence. R . I ............
50.0 24.00
8
48
Rochester,!*. Y .............
2
8
48
50.0 24.00
8
50.0 24.00
48
li
Scranton, P a.................. ,
47.9 23.00
1
8
«48
4 7.9 23.00
8
U 48
if
122
Worcester, Mass............. .
46.9 22.50
8
48
46.9 22.50
8
48
if
* Per 1,000 ems, agate or nonpareil; 12 cents per 1,000 ems, minion.
2 $1.20 per hour.
* For Sunday; work 5 hours on holidays, paid for full day.
<And 10 cents per 1,000 over 41,250 ems per day.
•82 cents per hour.
6 Actual hours worked. Minimum, 6 per day, 36 per week; maximum, 8 per day, 48 per week.
* On 7-day newspapers. On 6-day newspapers—for holidays, no increase in rate; for Sunday, double
time.
• After 8 hours a day.
•Minimum; maximum, 8 per day, 48 per week.
1 70 cents per hour.
0
1 Allowed 2 days off each year, with pay.
1
i* For Sunday and Labor Day; for other holida;ys, time and a quarter.
.




204

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
MACHINE TENDERS: Daywork—Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
South Atlantic.
Atlanta, G a...*•••
Baltimore, M d....,
Jacksonville, F la ..
Richmond, v a ....
Washington, D . C.

Cts.
52.1
59.5
52.1
45.8
60.7

DoUs.
25.00
25.00
25.00
22.00
25.50

64.4
56.0
56.8
50.0
56.3
47.9
37.5
53.8
55.0
45.8
50.0
45.8
62.5
50.0
54.0
53.1
45.0
58.7
54.5

29.00
20.16
25.00
24.00
27.00
23.00
18.00
25.80
26.40

54.5
62.5
72.9
i*57.3
54.2

22.89
30.00
35.00
27.50
26.00

li

<*)

Cts.
52.1
57.1
52.1
41.7
60.7

Bolls.
25.00
24.00
25.00
20.00
25.50

45
36
44
48
48
48
48
48
«48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
46
48

64.4
56.0
56.8
50.0
54.2
45.8
35.4
53.8
55.0
43.8
50.0
45.8
62.5
47.9
54.0
53.1
45.0
58.7
54.5

29.00
20.16
25.00
24.00
26.00
22.00
17.00
25.80
26.40
21.00
24.00

?

45
36
44
48
48
48
48
48
648
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
46
48

U7 U42
8
48
48
8
48
8
48
8

53.0
62.5
72.9
56.3
52.1

22.26 117
30.00
8
35.00
8
27.00
8
25.00
8

U-42
48
48
48
48

1
1
*1
1
1

48
42
48
48
42

North Central.
Chicago, HI.:
English.................
Bohemian.............
German............... .
Swedish................
Cincinnati, Ohio.........
Assistants........... .
Helpers............... .
Cleveland, Ohio..........
Detroit, Mich..............
Grand Rapids, Mich...
Indianapolis. Ind........
Assistants
Kansas C ity,M o.. .
Milwaukee, w is ....
Minneapolis, Minn.
Omaha, Nebr.........
Peoria/Hi...............
St. Louis, Mo..........
St. Paul, Minn.......

li
li

24.00
30.00
24.00
25.92
25.50
21.60
27.00
26.16

8
8
8
®8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

li
li
li

li
li

22.00

22.00

P
?
8

•f
»li

li
li
*li

I

?

22.00

30.00
23.00
25.92
25.50
21.60
27.00
26.16

?
f

8
8
8
8
c8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

South Central.
t, Ala.
Dallas,^
Houston, Tex.

A^feforitS.......... .

101
2
1
1

Little Rock, Ark.......
li
Louisville, Ky.:
14 to 18 machines.
62.5 30.00
8
62.5 30.00
48
48
8
66.7 32.00
19 to 25 machines.
48
48
66.7 32.00
8
8
Memphis, Tenn......... .
66.7 30.00
45
45
66.7 30.00
1
57.0 24.23
New Orleans, La....... ,
56.0
? 42i
? 42i
175 cents per hour.
* On 7-day newspapers. On 6-day newspapers—for holidays, no increase in rate; for Sunday, double
time.
* 86 cents per hour.
* For first 3 hours; double time thereafter.
» Until 8 p. m.; double time thereafter, and on Saturday after completion of 48-hour week.
®tfiiirim n m ; m inim nm ^ 7 per day, 42 per week.
7 On 6-dav newspapers; on 7-day newspapers, no increase in rate.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
•1| cents per minute until 6 p. m.; 1} cents per minute thereafter.
io On 7-day newspapers. On 6-day newspapers—for holidays, no increase in rate; for Sunday, time and
a half.
u Minimum; maximum, 8 per day, 48 per week,
i* Scale became 58.3 cents on July 21,1915.




UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915,

205

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T a b le

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
MACHINE TENDERS: Daywork—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
days
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half- hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byWestern.
Denver, Colo.............
Los Angeles, Cal........
Portland, Oreg..........
Salt Lake City, Utah.
San Francisco, Cal....
Seattle, Wash............
Spokane, Wash..........

Cts.
63.3
64.4
68.3
62.5
76.2
75.0
63.3

Dolls.
28.50
29.00
30.75
30.00
32.00
31.50
28.50

Cts.
63.3
64.4
68.3
62.5
71.1
75.0
63.3

I

Dons.
28.50
29.00
30.75
30.00
32.00
31.50
28.50

45
45
45
48
45
42
45

MACHINE TENDERS: Nightwork.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass..................
Buffalo, N .Y ..................
Newark, N. J..................
New Haven, Conn..........
New York, N .Y .:
5 to 8 machines........
13 or more machines.
Philadelphia, Pa............
Pittsburgh, Pa...............
Assistants.......... .
Providence, R. I.............
Rochester, N .Y .............
Worcester, Mass.............

72.0
58.3
67.4
60.4

30.24
28.00
31.00
29.00

68.9 31.00
80.0 36.00
54.3 25.00
66.7 30.00
43.3 19.50
57.8 26.00
54.2 26.00
53.1 25.50

2
1*
li
1
1
•1
•1
<)
8
if

i
i
i
i

*7
8
71
8

442
48
46
48

72.0 30.24
58.3 28.00
67.4 31.00
59.4 28.50

*i
«i
i
i
i
i
i
i

7|
7|
71
*7}
nl
7}
8
8

45
45
46
745
745
45
48
48

68.9
80.0
54.3
66.7
43.3
55.6
54.2
53.1

31.00
36.00
25.00
30.00
19.50
25.00
26.00
25.50

<7
8
7f
8
7}
7*
7?
7 7}
7 7*
7*
8
8

442
48
46
48
45
45
46
745
745
45
48
48

South Atlantic.
i
8
48
48
Atlanta, Ga.......................
8
57.3 27.50
57.3 27.50
n
Baltimore, Md.:
42
i
7
42
7
English........................
61.9 26.00 < >
59.5 25.00
•
8
40
i
40
43.8 17.50
8
German.......................
45.0 18.00
i
7
42
42
%
Charleston, S. C.................
83.3 35.00
7
83.3 35.00
48
i
8
48
50.0 24.00
45.8 22.00
8
Richmond, Va....................
i
7
42
42
66.6 27.96
7
66.6 27.96 <
Washington, D. C.............
u)
1 $1.15per hour.
2 For Sunday; work 5 hours on holidays, paid for full day.
* 87 cents per hour.
* Actual hours worked. Minimum, 6 per day, 36 per week; maximum, 8 per day, 48 per week.
* On 7-day newspapers* On 6-day newspapers— holidays, no increase in rate; for Sunday, double
for
time.
* After 8 hours a day.
7 Minimum; maximum, 8 per day, 48 per week.
« 70 cents per hour.
980 cents per hour.
i° 60 cents per hour.
u 94} cents per hour.




206

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T ab le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
MACHINE TENDERS: Nightwork—Concluded.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
Num­
ber
of
Sun­
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. fall
day. time. holi­
time. day. time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

North Central.
Chicago, HI.:
English...................
Bohemian...............
German..................
Cincinnati, Ohio...........
Assistants...............
Helpers...................
Cleveland, Ohio............
Detroit, Mich................
Grand Rapids, M ich....
Indianapolis, Ind..........
Assistants...............
Kansas City, Mo...........
Milwaukee.wis.............
Minneapolis, M in n ......
Omaha, Nebr................
Peoria, HI.....................
St. Louis, Mo................
St. Paul/Minn..............

Cts. DoUs.
68.9 31.00
61.0 21.96
68.2 30.00
62.5 30.00
54.2 26.00
43.8 21.00
60.0 28.80
60.0 28.80
50.0 24.00
56.3 27.00
50.0 24.00
62.5 30.00
56.3 27.00
60.0 28.80
59.4 28.50
50.0 24.00
66.7 30.00
61.0 29.28

Cts. DoUs.
68.9 31.00
61.0 21.96
68.2 30.00
60.4 29.00
52.1 25.00
41.7 20.00
60.0 28.80
60.0 28.80
47.9 23.00
56.3 27.00
50.0 24.00
62.5 30.00
54.2 26.00
60.0
59.4 28.50
50.0 24.00
66.7 30.00
61.0

11

?
1
1
1

i*
1
1
1
1
1
1

45
36
44
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
45
48

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala..........
Dallas, Tex...................
Assistants...............
Houston, Tex...............
Assistants...............
Little Rock, Ark..........
Louisville, K y.:
14 to 18 machines...
19 to 25 machines...
Memphis, Tenn.............
New Orleans, La..........

59.5
72.9
52.1
72.9
757.3
62.5

24.99
35.00
25.00
35.00
27.50
30.00

62.5 30.00
66.7 32.00
62.5 30.00
61.1 27.30

51
2
2
1
1
1*
1
1
1
1

•7
8
8
8
8
8

•42
48
48
48
48
48

58.0
72.9
52.1
72.9
56.3
62.5

35.00
25.00
35.00
27.00
30.00

8
8
8
n

48
48
48
45

62.5
66.7
62.5
61.1

30.00
32.00
30.00
27.50

•7
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
7*

•42
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
45

Western.
Denver, Colo.................
Los Angeles, Cal...........
Portland, Oreg..............
Salt Lake City, U tah...
San Francisco, Cal........
Seattle, Wash................
Spokane, Wash.............

70.0 31.50
71.1 32.00
75.0 33.75
68.8 33.00
83.3 35.00
82.1 34.50
70.0 31.50

70.0 31.50
71.1 32.00
75.0 33.75
68.8 33.00
77.8 35.00
82.1 34.50
70.0 31.50

45
45
45
48
45
42
45

i On 7-day newspapers. On 6-day newspapers—for holidays, no increase in rate; for Sunday, double
time.
* For first 3 hours; double time thereafter.
* On 6-day newspapers; on 7-day newspapers, no increase in rate.
<1£ cents per minute until 5 a. m.; If cents per minute thereafter.
5 On 7-day newspapers. On 6-day newspapers—for holidays, no increase in rate; for Sunday, time and
a half.
5 Minimum; maximum, 8 per day, 48 per week.
7 Scale became 58.3 cents on July 21,1915.
8 $l.20per hour.
* For Sunday; work 5 hours on holidays, paid for full day.




207

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR, MAT 1,1915.

OF WAGES AND HOUBS OP LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
MACHINIST OPERATOBS: Daywork.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of

Num­
ber
of
Sun­
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per
Per week,
full full half- hour.
hour. full
day. time. holi­
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
North Atlantic.

Cts. DoUs.
54.2 26.00
42.7 20.50

Buffalo. N .Y ....
Worcester, Mass.

Hours of
labor—

Per
Per
week, Per week,
full
full day. fulF
time.
time.

Cts. DoUs.
54.2 26.00
42.7 20.50

2
12

48
48

40.6

19.50

48

North Central.
48

40.6

19.50

73.3

33.00

73.3

33.00

45

71.1
82.1
73.3

St. Paul, Minn................

32.00
34.50
33.00

71.1
82.1
73.3

32.00
34.50
33.00

45
42
45

South Central.
Memphis, Tenn..............
Western.
San Francisco, Cal..
Seattle, Wash........ .
Spokane, Wash......

MACHINIST OPERATORS: Nightwork.
North Atlantic.
Buffalo, N. Y ............................ 58.3 28.00
Manchester, N. H .. .................. 47.9 23.00

1
1

8
8

48
48

58.3 28.00
47.9 23.00

8
8

48
48

1

if

7}

45

77.8 35.00

7*

45

Western.
San Francisco, Cal..................... 77.8 35.00

WEB PRESSMEN: Daywork.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Head pressmen...................
Journeymen........................
Brakemen...........................
Bridgeport, Conn.:
Head pressmen...................
Assistants...........................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Head pressmen...................
Tension men.......................
Oilers, platers, and brake-

*2
*2
*2

7
7
7

42
42
42

59.3
49.3
55.7

24.90
20.70
23.40

7
7
7

42
42
42

1
1

1
1

8
8

48
48

52.1
31.3

25.00
15.00

8
8

48
48

**
ii

2
2

8
8

48
48

50.0
37.5

24.00
18.00

8
8

48
48

89.3 24.90
49.3 20.70
55.7 23.40

11

52.1
31.3

25.00
15.00

50.0 24.00
37.5 18.00

2
34.4 16.50
8
48
34.4 16.50
8
2
8
48
25.0 12.00
Floor men..................
25.0 12.00
8
if
* For Sunday and Labor Day; for other holidays, time and a quarter.
* For Sunday, July 4, Labor Day, and Thanksgiving; for other holidays, no increase in rate.




48
48

208

BULLETIN OF THE BUBEAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e A.—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
WEB PRESSMEN: Daywork—Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of

Num*
bor
Sun­
of
days
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per
week,
full full half­ hour.
full
hour.
day. time. holi­
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—

Hours of
labor—

Per Per Per
week, full week,
full day. full
lime.
time.

North Atlantic—Concluded.
Fall River, Mass.:
Head pressmen..
Assistants..........
Newark, N. J.:
Journeymen.
New Haven, Conn.:
Head pressmen.................. .
Tension men and brakemen,
New York, N .Y .:
Head pressmen.................. .
Journeymen.......................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Head pressmen.................. .
Tension men and brakemen.
Platers and floor men.......
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Head pressmen..................
First assistants..................
Second assistants...............
Third assistants.................
Fourth assistants...............
Providence, R .I.: Journeymen
Rochester, N .Y .:
Head pressmen..................
Journeymen (color setters).
Tension men......................
Floor men..........................
Scranton, Pa.:
Journeymen.......................
First assistants
Third assistants.
Worcester, Mass.:
Journeymen.

Cts. Dolls.
52.1 25.00
16.00

148
148

Cts. DoUs.
52.1 25.00
33.3 16.00

148
148

62.5 30.00
50.0 24.00

48

62.5 30.00
50.0 24.00

48
48

55.6
38.9

30.00
21.00

54
54

46.3
38.9

21.00

25.00

54
54

68.9 31.02
55.6 25.02

45
45

68.9
55.6

31.02
25.02

45
45

52.1
37.5
34.4

25.00
18.00
16.50

48
48
48

52.1 25.00
37.5 18.00
34.4 16.50

48
48
48

46.9 22.50
40.6 19.50
40.0 19.20
40.0 19.20
37.5 18.00
41.3 19.80

48
48
48
48
48
48

46.9
40.6
40.0
40.0
37.5
41.3

22.50
19.50
19.20
19.20
18.00
19.80

48
48
48
48
48
48

52.1 25.00
37.5 18.00
33.3 16.00
29.2 14.00

48
48
48
48

52.1 25.00
37.5 18.00
33.3 16.00
29.2 14.00

48
48
48
48

41.7 20.00
33.3 16.00
29.2 14.00
27.1 13.00

M8
7 48
748
7 48

41.7 20.00
33.3 16.00
29.2 14.00
27.1 13.00

*48
748
*48
* 48

56.3 27.00
43.8 21.00

48
48

56.3 27.00
43.8 21.00

48
48

50.0 24.00

50.0

24.00

48

43.8

21.00

43.8 21.00

48

50.0 24.00
37.5 18.00
34.4 16.50

50.0 24.00
37.5 1&00
34.4 16.50

48
48
48

46.9

48

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Tension men, oilers, platers,
and floor men.............
Baltimore, Md.:
Head pressmen............. .
First assistants............. ,
Second assistants.......... .
Charleston, S. C.:
Head pressmen............. .
Oilers, platers, and tension

46.9 22.50

29.2 14.00
i Allowed 1 week off each year, with pay.
8 For Sunday; for holidays, no increase in rate.
* 94 cents per hour.
« 75 cents per hour.




1*

22.50

48
29.2 14.00
n
» For holidays; for Sunday, no increase in rate.
« For holidays; for Sunday, double time.
7 Allowed 2 days off each year, with pay.

209

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOUBS OP LABOR, MAY 1, 1015.

T a b l e A .— UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 191^—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
WEB PRESSMEN: Daywork—Continued.
May 1,1914.

May 1,1915.

Bate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week.'
Per week,
full full half­
full
hour. full
hour. full day. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Hours of
labor—

Bate of wages—

South Atlantic—Concluded.
Jacksonville, Fla.:

if
if

il
U
U

8
8
8

48
48
48

Cts. DoUs.
62.5 30.00
46.9 22.50
37.5 18.00

8
8
8

48
48
48

ll

*1
»1

8
8

48
48

41.7
29.2

20.00
14.00

8
8

48
48

if

1
1
1

8
8
8

48
48
48

47.0
33.3
31.4

22.56
15.96
15.06

8
8
8

48
48
48

50.0 24.00
43.8 21.00
40.6 19.50

li
li
1*

2
2
2

8
8
8

48
48
48

50.0 24.00
43.8 21.00
40.6 19.50

8
8
8

48
48
48

50.0 24.00
43.8 21.00
40.6 19.50

1|
if
if

1
1
1

8
8
8

48
48
48

50.0 24.00
43.8 21.00
40.6 19.50

8
8
8

48
48
48

* li

1
1
1
1

8
8
8
8

4§
48
48
48

46.9 22.50
40.0 19.20
32.8 15.75
21.9 10.50

8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48

8
8

48
48
48

Cts. DoUs.
62.5 30.00
First assistants..........
46.9 22.50
Oilers,platers, and floor men. 37.5 1&00
Bichmona, Va.:
Head pressmen..........
41.7 20.00
29.2 14.00
Washington, D. C.:
Head pressmen—
47.0 22.56
Tension men.........
33.3 15.96
Oilers and platers..
31.4 15.06

1*
1}

North Central.
Chicago, HI.:
Head pressmen........
Tension men and brakemen.
Oilers and platers.
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Head pressmen...
Tension men.......
Oilers and platers.
Cleveland, Ohio:
Head pressmen________
Tension men and brakemen.
Oilers and platers.
Flymen...............
Detroit, Mich.:

53.1
46.3
37.5
28.1

25.50
22.20
18.00
13.50

*1}
*1}

*1*

47.9 23.00
1}
8
47.9
48
1}
Brakemen and offside men.. 40.6 19.50
8
40.6
48
ll
If
Oilers, platers, floor men,
and flymen....................... 37.5 18.00
8
48
37.5
1*
li
Grand Bapids, Mich.: Head
2
37.5 18.00
8
48
37.5
li
Indianapolis, bid.:
52.1
52.1 25.00
8
48
Head pressmen..........
* li
8
48
43.8
Tension men and brakemen. 44.8 21.50
if
•if
8
48
41.7
43.8 21.00
Oilers and platers.......
•if
if
Riggers.......................
8
48
37.5 18.00
36.5
if
•if
Kansas City, Mo.:
1
8
48
50.0
50.0 24.00
Head pressmen..........
i£
1
8
48
43.8
43.8 21.00
Journeymen...............
if
Milwaukee, Wis.:
2
8
48
43.8
46.9 22.50
Head pressmen..........
1}
2
8
48
39.6
40.6 19.50
Journeymen...............
if
Minneapolis, Minn.:
1
8
48
50.0
50.0 24.00
Head pressmen..........
1J
1
8
48
40.6
40.6 19.50
Journeymen...............
ll
i On 7-day newspapers. On 6-day newspapers—for holidays, no increase in rate;
time.
* Until 5 p. m.; double time thereafter.
* On 6-day newspapers; on 7-day newspapers, no increase in rate.
30061°— B u ll. 194— 16




-1 4

23.00
19.50
18.00

8

18.00

8

48

25.00
21.00
20.00
17.50

8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48

24.00
21.00

8
8

48
48

21.00
19.02

8
8

48
48

48
8
24.00
8
48
19.50
for Sunday, double

210

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A .—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
WEB PRESSMEN: Daywork—Continued.
May 1,1915.

M a yl,, 1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
days
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per
Per week,
full full half­ hour.
full
hour.
day. time. holi­
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
1
i

North Central—Concluded.
Omaha, Nebr.:
Head pressmen................
Tension men.
Peoria, 111.:
Journeymen___
St. Louis, Mo.:
Head pressmen.
Journeymen----St. Paul, Minn.:

Cts. Dolls.
37.5 18.00
31.3 15.00
33.3 16.00

i
H !
l i\ !
i
li !

52.1
37.5

25.00
18.00

57.5 27.60
48.8 23.40

50.0 |24.00
Tension men, oilers, and
platers.............................. 40.6 ' 19.50

Hours of
labor—

Per Per Per
week, full week,
full
full
time. day. time.

i
I
1

1
|

8
8
8

Cts. DoUs.
48 1
37.5 18.00
48 ........ 31.3 15.00
48 i
33.3 16.00

8
8
8

48
48
48

ll

1
1

8
8

48
48

52.1
37.5

25.00
18.00

8
8

48
48

if

nl

8
8

48
48

57.5 27.60
48.8 23.40

8
8

48
48

i

8

48

50.0 24.00

8

48

i

* ij

8

48

40.6

19.50

8

48

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.:
Head pressmen...................
Head pressmen (Sunday
magazine)........................
First pressmen....................
First pressmen (Sunday
magazine)........................
Second pressmen................
Second pressmen (Sunday

i|

i

8

48

62.5 30.00

8

48

62.5 30.00
•47.9 23.00

ii

i
i

8
8

48
48

62.5 30.00
43.8 21.00

8
8

48
48

46.9 22.50
435.9 17.25

if

i
i

8
8 ‘

48
48

41.7 20.00
32.8 15.75

8
8

48
48

62.5 30.00

l
8
48
31.3 15.00
31.3 15.00
8
i
8
48
22.9 11.00
8
Third and fourth pressmen. 527.1 13.00
if
Dallas, Tex.:
i j 8
62.5 30.00
48
62.5 30.00
Head pr«
8
l
Journeymen.
____ 46.9 22.50
46.9 22.50
8
if
8 i 48
i
40.6 19.50
Houston, Tex.: Journeymen.... •41.9 20.10
8
if
8 | 48
Little Rock, Ark.:
l i 8 ! 48
62.5 30.00
Head pressmen...
62.5 30.00
8
i*
35.4 17.00
i
8 | 48
35.4 17.00
Journeymen........
8
ii
Louisville, K y.:
i
8
48
Head pressmen...
46.9 22.50
43.8 21.00
8
l
8
40.6 19.50
48
37.5 18.00
Journeymen........
8
ii
Memphis, Tenn.:
i
56.7 25.50
45
Head pressmen...
56.7 25.50
7§
7h
50.0 22.50
l
45
First assistants...
50.0 22.50
7*
ii
7|
New Orleans, La.:
l
8
64.6 31.00
48
Head pressmen...
62.5 30.00
8
i§
8
43.8 21.00
l
48
41.7 20.00
First assistants...
8
i{
39.6 19.00
i
8
48
37.5 18.00
Second assistants.
8
if
l
8 f 48
35.4 17.00
37.5 1&00
Third assistants..
8
i|
i For Labor Day and Christmas; for other holidays and for Sunday, no increase in rate,
s Until midnight; double time thereafter,
s Scale became 50 cents on Nov. 1,1915.
<Scale became 37.5 cents on Nov. 1,1915.
» Scale became 29.2 cents on Nov. 1,1915.
•Scale became 43.8 cents on June 9,1915.




48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
45
45
48
48
48
48

211

UNION- SCALE OP WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

A.—
UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T ab le

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
WEB PRESSMEN: Daywork—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
days
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Satur­
Per
days. Per week. day Per
Per week.
full full half­
hour. full
day. time. holi­ hour.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—

Hours of
labor—

Per
week. Per
full full
time. day.

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Head pressmen....................
Journeymen........................
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Head pressmen....................
--------------Journeymen.
Tension men.
Portland. Oreg.
Journeymen.
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Head pressmen.................. .
Journeymen........................
San Francisco, Cal.:
Head pressmen...................
Tension men.......................
Oilers and platers...............
Floor men...........................
Seattle, Wash.:
Head pressmen...................
Journeymen........................
Spokane,Wash.: Journeymen..

Cts. DoUs.
62.5 30.00
50.0 24.00

Cts. DoUs.
62.5 30.00
50.0 24.00

60.4 29.00
51.2 26.00
57.3 27.50

60.4 29.00
54.2 26.00
57.3 27.50

53.1

33.00
25.50

68.8 33.00
53.1 25.50

62.5
46.9

30.00
22.50

62.5
46.9

30.00
22.50

60.7
56.7
52.7

31.00
27.30
25.50
23.70

60.7
56.7
52.7

31.00
27.30
25.50
23.70

33.00
30.00
24.00

65.6 31.50
59.4 28.50
50.0 24.00

68.8

62.5
50.0

WEB PRESSMEN: Nightwork.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Journeymen..
Brakemen........
Bridgeport, Conn.:

69.2 24.90
57.5 20.70
65.0 23.40

if
li

i
i
i

6
6
6

36
36
36

69.2 24.90
57.5 20.70
65.0 23.40

1
i
8
48
62.5
62.5 30.00
l
1
8
48
37.5
37.5 18.00
Assistants. _
Buffalo, N. Y .:
i
7
42
57.1
Head pressmen................... 57.1 24.00
2
7
42
42.9
Tension men....................... 42.9 18.00
if
Oilers, platers, and brake­
2
42
7
39.3
39.3 16.50
men..................................
2
7
42
28.6
Floor men........................... 28.6 12.00
il
Newark, N. J.:
6
38
84.2
Head pressmen................... 84.2 32.00
1i
6
38
68.4
Journeymen........................ 68.4 26.00
i l 21|
New Haven, Conn.:
2
6
36
69.4
Head pressmen................... 69.4 25.00
36
50.0
2
6
Tension men and brakemen. 50.0 18.00
if
i For Sunday; work 5 hours on holidays, paid for full day.
s For Sunday; for holidays, no increase in rate.




6
6
6

36
36
36

30.00
18.00

8
8

48
48

24.00
18.00

7
7

42
42

16.50
12.00

7
7

42
42

32.00
26.00

6
6

38
38

25.00
18.00

6
6

36
36

212

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
WEB PRESSMEN: Nightwork—Continued.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Hours of
labor—

Per
week.
fu lr
time.

I I I

Rate of
wages—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week,
Per week,
full full half­
hour. full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Rate of wages—

North Atlantic—Concluded.
New York, N. Y .:
Head pressmen...................
Journeymen........................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Head pressmen...................
Tension men and brakemen.
Platers and floor men.........
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Head pressmen...................
First assistants...................
Second assistants................
Third assistants................ .
Fourth assistants................
Providence, R . I.: Journeymen.
Rochester, N. Y .:
Head pressmen...................
Journeymen (color setters). ■
Tension men.......................
Floor men...........................
Scranton, Pa.:
Journeymen........................
First assistants...................
Second assistants................
Worcester, Mass.:
Head pressmen..................
Journeymen.......................

Cts. Dolls.
84.2 32.00
64.8 26.00

W
(3
)

65.8 25.00
47.4 18.00
43.4 16.50

ii
li

46.9 22.50
40.6 19.50
40.0 19.20
40.0 19.20
37.5 18.00
47.1 19.80

*1
*1

6
6

38
38

Cts. DoUs.
84.2 32.00
68.4 26.00

6
6

38
38

6
6
6

38
38
38

65.8 25.00
47.4 18.00
43.4 16.50

6
6
6

38
38
38

li
1}
1*
If
l|
1*

* li
4l i
4l i
2
2
2
2
2
2

8
8
8
8
8
7

48
48
48
48
48
42

46.9 22.50
40.6 19.50
40.0 19.20
40.0 19.20
37.5 18.00
47.1 19.80

8
8
8
8
8
7

48
48
48
48
48
42

66.7 28.00
47.6 20.00
42.9 18.00
38.1 16.00

li
if
if
li

1
1
1
1

7
7
7
7

42
66.7
42 ........ 47.6
42
42.9
42
38.1

28.00
20.00
18.00
16.00

7
7
7
7

42
42
42
42

47.6 20.00
38.1 16.00
33.3 14.00

li
ii
li

1
1
1

7
7
7

42
42
42

47.6 20.00
38.1 16.00
33.3 14.00

7
7
7

42
42
42

64.3 27.00
50.0 21.00

li
li

1
1

7
7

42
42

64.3 27.00
50.0 21.00

7
7

42
42

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Head pressmen................... 50.0 24.00
1
8
48
50.0 24.00
8
48
li
Tension men, oilers, platers,
and floor men.................. 43.8 21.00
1
48
8
43.8 21.00
8
48
li
Baltimore, Md.:
(5)
(6)
Head pressmen................... 57.1 24.00
7
42
(5)
li
li
(?)
(5)
Tension men....................... 42.9 18.00
42
7
li
if
(v
VI
W
(6)
(5)
42
Oilers and platers................ 39.3 16.50
7
if
<*)
If
(*)
Jacksonville, Fla.:
42
Head pressmen................... 71.4 30.00
7
42
71.4 30.00
7
l i «1
42
First assistants................... 53.6 22.50
42
7
53.6 22.50
7
i f •1
UUWO K I9,M U V
.JJia C 1U U I
42.9 18.00
7
42
42
42.9 18.00
7
l i «1
Richmond, Va.:
Head pressmen..........
41.7 20.00
*1
8
48
41.7 20.00
8
48
1i
29.2 14.00
8
Assistants..................
48
29.2 14.00
8
48
i f »1
Washington, D. C.:
Head pressmen..........
8
48
51.5 24.72
1
48
51.5 24.72
8
1£
Tension m en.............
33.3 15.96
1
8
48
33.3 15.96
8
48
if
Oilers and platers._
_
31.4 15.06
48
1
8
48
31.4 15.06
8
if
i $1.25 per hour.
* For Sunday; for holidays, double time.
* $1 per hour.
« For holidays; for Sunday, no increase in rate.
* No scale on May 1,1914.
* On 7-day newspapers. On 6-day newspapers—for holidays, no increase in rate; for Sunday, double
time.
* On 7-day newspapers. On 6-day newspapers—for holidays, no increase in rate; for Sunday, time and
a half.




UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOUBS OP LABOR, MAY 1,1915.

213

A.—
UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.

T able

PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
WEB PRESSMEN: Nightwork—Continued.
May 1,1915.

M a yl,,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week;
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full fu ir
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

North Central.
Chi<

Cts.
57.1
Tension men and brakemen. 50.0
Oilers and platers................ 46.4
Cincinnati, Ohio:
50.0
Tension men
43.8
Oilers and platers.
40.6
Cleveland, Ohio:
Head pressmen...
60.7
Brakemen and tension men. 52.9
Oilers and platers................ 42.9
Flymen............................... 32.1
Detroit, Mich.:
Head pressmen................... 51.1
Tension men, brakemen,
offside men, oilers, platers,
floor men, and flym en. . . . 43.3
Grand Rapids, Mich.: Head
pressmen................................. 37.5
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Head pressmen................... 55.2
Tension men and brakemen. 47.9
Oilers and platers.
46.9
Riggers................
40.6
KansasCity, Mo.:
Head pressmen...
50.0
Journeymen........
43.8
Milwaukee, W is.:
Head pressmen...
46.9
Journeymen........
40.6
Omaha, Nebr.:
Head pressmen...
37.5
Assistants...........
31.3
Tension men.......
33.3
Peoria, 111.:
52.1
Head pressmen...
Journeymen........
37.5
St. Louis, mo .:
Head pressmen...
61.3
Journeymen........
52.0
St. Paul, Minn.:
55.8
Tension men, oilers, and
platers.............................. 45.3

DoUs.
24.00
21.00
19.50

1§
li
1}

1
1
1

7
7
7

Cts. DoUs.
42
57.1 24.00
42 . . . . . . 50.0 21.00
46.4 19.50
42

7
7
7

42
42
42

24.00
21.00
19.50

l§
ii
ii

1
1
1

8
8
8

48
48
48

50.0 24.00
43.8 21.00
40.6 19.50

8
8
8

48
48
48

26.11
22.73
18.43
13.82

l£
li
ii
ii

1
1
1
1

7
7
7
7

43
43
43
43

53.6 22.50
45.7 19.20
37.5 15.75
25.0 10.50

7
7
7
7

42
42
42
42

23.00

i}

2

7

45

51.1

7

45

19.50

23.00

ii

2

7

45

43.3

19.50

7

45

18.00

ii

1

8

48

37.5

18.00

8

48

26.50
23.00
22.50
19.50

li
l|
li
ii

1l i
u|
11}
1l i

8
8
8
8

55.2 26.50
48
48 ........ 46.9 22.50
48
44.8 21.50
39.6 19.00
48

8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48

1
1

8
8

48
48

50.0 24.00
43.8 21.00

8
8

48
48

1
1

8
8

48
48

43.8 21.00
39.6 19.02

8
8

48
48

24.00
21.00
22.50
19.50

li
* li
* li

18.00
15.00
16.00

4
li

1
1
1

8
8
8

48
48
48

37.5
31.3
33.3

18.00
15.00
16.00

8
8
8

48
48
48

25.00
18.00

li

1
1

8
8

48
48

52.1
37.5

25.00
18.00

8
8

48
48

27.60
23.40

li

1
1

n

45
45

61.3 27.60
52.0 23.40

7i
7l

45
45

24.00

li

1

7

43

55.8 24.00

7

43

19.50

li

1

7

43

45.3

7

43

7

42

8

48

19.50

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.:
Head pressmen................... 71.4 30.00
1
7
42
71.4 30.00
li
Head pressmen (Sunday
2
62.5 30.00
magazine)........................ 62.5 30.00
8
48
li
* On 6-day newspapers; on 7-day newspapers, no increase in rate.
2 Until 6 a. m.; double time thereafter.




214

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T ab le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOB IN EACH

TBADE, BY GEOGBAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
WEB PRESSMEN: Nightwork—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hoursof
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day
Per week,
week, Per
full full halffull
hour. full
hour. full day.
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

South Central—Concluded.
Birmingham, Ala.—Concluded.

First pressmen....................
First pressmen (Sunday
magazine)........................
Second pressmen................
Second pressmen (Sunday
mflffin_ ^__________ .
_
Third and fourth pressmen.
Dallas, Tex.:
Head pressmen..................
Journeymen, front end. . . .
Journeymen.......................
Houston, Tex.: Journeymen...
Little Rock, Ark.:
Head pressmen..................
Journeymen.......................
Louisville, Ky.:
Head pressmen..................
Journeymen.......................
Memphis, Tenn.:
Journeymen----New Orleans, La.:
Head pressmen..
First assistant....
Second assistant.

Cts. DoUs.
50.0 21.00

U

46.9 22.50
241.1 17.25

41.7 20.00
37.5 15.75

37.0
*31.1

17.75
13.00

31.3
26.2

62.5
50.0
46.9
445.7

30.00
24.00
22.50
20.10

62.5 30.00
50.0 24.00
46.9 22.50
44.3 19.50

72.9
37.5

35.00
18.00

72.9 35.00
37.5 18.00

52.3 22.50
45.3 19.50

48.8 21.00
41.9 18.00

56.7 25.50
50.0 22.50

56.7 25.50
50.0 22.50

64.6
43.8
39.6

21.00

62.5
50.0

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Head pressmen...
Journeymen........
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Head pressmen...
Journeymen........
Tension men.......
Portland, Oreg.:

30.00
24.00

31.00

15.00
11.00

8

19.00

(5
)

62.5 30.00
50.0 24.00

1
1

67.4 29.00
60.5 26.00
64.0 27.50

Journey
Salt Lake C _
Head pressmen..................
Journeymen.......................
San Francisco, Cal.:
Head pressmen..................
Tension men......................
Oilers and platers..............
Floor men.........................
Seattle, Wash.:
Head pressmen..................
Journeymen.......................
Spokane, Wash.: Journeymen.




Cts. DoUs.
154.8 23.00

67.4 29.00
60.5 26.00
64.0 27.50

36.00
27.00

79.1 36.00
59.3 27.00

79.1
59.3

62.5 30.00
50.0 24.00

48
48

62.5 30.00
50.0 24.00

31.00
27.30
25.50
23.70

45
45
45
45

68.9
60.7
56.7
52.7

421
48

75.0 31.88
67.9 28.86
50.0 24.00

68.9
60.7
56.7
52.7

77.6 33.00
70.6 30.00
50.0 24.00

i Scale became 57.1 cents on Nov. 1,1915.
* Scale became 42.9 cents on Nov. 1,1915.
* Scale bojome 33.3 cents on Nov. 1,1915.
<Scale became 47.7 cents on June 9,1915.
* No scaie on May 1,1914.
* For Sunday; work 5 hours on holidays, paid for full day.

31.00
27.30
25.50
23.70

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

215

T a b le A .—UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
STEREOTYPERS: Daywork.
May 1,1915.

May 1,, 1914.

Hours of
labors-

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division, and city.
mos.
Over­ days
and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full
full
hour. full
full half­ hour. full day. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Rate of wages—

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass..........
Bridgeport. Conn...
Buffalo, N. Y .........
Fall River, Mass....
Newark, N. J..........
New Haven, Conn..
New York, N .Y ...
Philadelphia, Pa. . .
Pittsburgh, Pa.......
Providence. R . I . . .
Rochester, N. Y ___
Scranton, Pa..........
Worcester, Mass

Cts.
59.5
46.9
40.6
39.6
58.7
37.5
62.5
43.8
46.9
57.1
37.5
39.6
46.9

DoUs.
25.00
22.50
19.50
19.00
27.00
18.00
30.00
21.00
22.50
24.00
18.00
19.00
22.50

(9
1*
1
1
li
li
(*)
li
li\
({)
li
li
ij

22
1
1
2
*1
2
(9
2
1*
1*
•2
1
1

7
8
8
8
7§
8
8
8
8
7
8
8
8

42
48
48
48
46
48
48
48
48
42
48
748
48

46.9 22.50
46.9 22.50
37.5 18.00
35.4 17.00
53.8 24.00

h4
ii
ii
it
l

1
1
*1
*1
1

8
8
8
8

48
48
48
48
U44.57

Cts.
59.5
46.9
40.6
39.6
58.7
37.5
62.5
43.8
46.9
57.1
37.5
39.6
46.9

DoUs.
25.00
7
22.50
8
19.50
8
19.00 ’ 8
27.00
7§
21.00
8
30.00
8
21.00
8
22.50
8
24.00
7
18.00
8
19.00
8
22.50
8

42
48
48
48
46
56
48
48
48
42
48
748
48

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga..........
Baltimore. M d ....
Jacksonville, F la ..
Richmond, va ___
Washington, D. C.

(10)

46.9 22.50
46.9 22.50
37.5 18.00
35.4 17.00
53.8 24.00

8
8
8
8

(10)

48
48
48
48

1144.57

North Central.
«2
8
48
56.3 27.00
Chicago, HI................
56.3 27.00
48
ii
8
48
8
Cincinnati, Ohio........
48
50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
l
8
(9
48
Cleveland, Ohio........
8
50.0 24.00
8
48
50.0 24.00
ii
48
8
Detroit, Mich.............
50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
ii
8
48
1|
8
48
Grand Rapids, Mich..
43.8 21.00
43.8 21.00
ii “ I
8
48
48
1346.9 22.50
8
Indianapolis, Ind......
46.9 22.50
48
ii Ml|
8
Kansas City,M o.......
48
8
56.3 27.00
1
8
48
56.3 27.00
l
48
8
Milwaukee. W is........
2
43.8 21.00
43..8 21.00
M
8
48
Minneapolis, Minn, . .
8
48
43.8 21.00
43.8 21.00
l
1
8
48
8
48
Omaha, Nebr............
50.0 24.00
50.0 24.00
l
1
8
48
8
48
34.4 16.50
Peoria, HI..................
37.5 18.00
l
1
8
48
48
8
53.8 25.80
1
8
48
St. Louis, Mo.............
53.8 25.80
l
8
48
42.2 20.25
48
St. Paul, Minn..........
43.8 21.00
l
1
8
i 80 cents t ______
hour.
2 For Sunday, July 4, Labor Bay, Thanksgiving, and Christmas; for other holidays, no increase in rate.
* For holidays; for Sunday, «5 per day.
*90 cents per hour.
175 cents per hour.
« For Sunday; for holidays, no increase in rate.
7 Allowed 2 days off each year, with pay.
8 On 7-day newspapers. On fr-day newspapers—for holidays, no increase in rate; for Sunday, double
• On 7-day newspapers. On 6-day newspapers—for holidays, no increase in rate; for Sunday, time and
ft half.
7 hours on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, and Sunday; 8 hours on Thursday, Friday, and Saturday;
one day off each week,
u Average.
1 For Sunday; work one-half day on holidays, paid for full day.
2
w Scale became 53.1 cents on Oct. 1,1915.
u For holidays; for Sunday, no increase in rate.




216

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Continued.
STEREOTYPERS: Daywork—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hoursof
labor—

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
Sun­
of
mos.
Geographical division and eity.
Over­ days
with
and
time. holi­
Per
Per
Per
Per Satur­
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byRate of wages—

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.........
Dallas, Tex...................
Houston, Tex...............
Little Rock, Ark..........
Louisville, Ky..............
Memphis, Tenn............
New Orleans, La..........

as. DoUs.

46.9
46.9
147.9
46.9
43.8
54.4
46.0

22.50
22.50
23.00
22.50

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
66.7
71.4
50.0

1
ll
ll
1]

27

48
48
48
48
48
48
242

a s.
43.8
46.9
46.9
46.9
43.8
50.0
43.9

Dotts.
21.00
22.50
22.50
22.50
21.00
24.00
18.42

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
66.7
67.9
50.0

27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
30.00
30.00
24.00

21.00

26.10
19.32

8
8
8
8
8
8

if
1

27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
30.00
28.50
24.00

69.4
43.3
75.0
50.0
78.9
43.8
46.9
57.1
45.2
46.9

2&.00
19.50
27.00
18.00
30.00
21.00
22.50
24.00
19.00
22.50

8
8
8
8
8
8

27

48
48
48
48
48
48
242

Western.
Denver, Colo.................
Los Angeles, Cal...........
Portland, Oreg.............
Salt Lake City, U tah...
San Francisco, Cal........
Seattle, Wash...............
Spokane, Wash.............

48
48
48
48
45
42
48

STEREOTYPERS: Nightwork.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass..........
Buffalo, N .Y .........
Newark, N .J..........
New Haven, Conn..
New York, N .Y ...
Philadelphia, Pa. . .
Pittsburgh, Pa.......
Providence. R. I _
_
Scranton, Pa..........
Worcester, M ass....

69.4
43.3
75.0
50.0
78.9
43.8
46.9
57.1
45.2
46.9

25.00
19.50
27.00
18.00
30.00
21.00
22.50
24.00
19.00
22.50

(6
)
1
if
<7
ll
(8)
ll

1
1
•1
2
<2
2
li
1
1
1

6
n
6
6
6
8
8
7
7
8

36
45
36
36
38
48
48
42
42
48

6
7£
6
6
6
8
8
7
7
8

36
45
36
36
38
48
48
42
42
48

Sooth Atlantic.
50.0 24.00
8
48
lj
1
50.0 24.00
8
48
Atlanta, Ga...........
1
46.9 21.09
46.9 21.09
7
45
Baltimore, Md.......
1
7
45
7
1
»1
7
42
46.4 19.50
46.4 19.50
Jacksonville, F la ..
42
35.4 17.00
35.4 17.00
1 101
8
48
Richmond, v a ....
8
48
2
57.1 24.00 m
1
Washington, D .C .
57.1 24.00 * 1
1*42
<
u) 1 42
i Scale became 50 cents on June 2,1915.
* Minimum; maximum, 8 per day, 48 per week.
* Until midnight; double time thereafter.
< For Sunday; work 5 hours on holidays, paid for full day.
» 80 cents per hour.
« For holidays; for Sunday, 15 per day.
* 90 cents per hour.
« 75 cents per hour.
* On 7-day newspapers. On 6-day newspapers— holidays, no increase In rate; for Sunday, double
for
time.
io o n 7-day newspapers. On 6-day newspapers— holidays, no increase in rate; for Sunday, time and
for
a half.
u 64 hours, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday; 8£ hours on Saturday and Sunday;
one day off each week.
m Average.




UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOUBS OP LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

217

T a b le A .— UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOUBS OP LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING: NEWSPAPER—Concluded.
STEREOTYPERS: Nightwork—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

Rate of
Hours of
wages—
labor—
Num­
ber
of
mos.
Over­
with
time.
Satur­
Per
Per Per day Per Per Per Per
Per week,
full week, half­ hour. week, full week.
full
full
full
hour. full
day. time. holi­
time.
time. day. time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

North Central.
Chicago, 111................
Cincinnati, Ohio.......
Cleveland. Ohio....... .
Detroit, Mich.............
Grand Rapids. Mich..
Indianapolis, Ind___
Kansas City, Mo........
Milwaukee, W is....... .
Omaha, Nebr........... .
Peoria,111..................
St. Louis, Mo.............
St. Paul, Minn.........

J f i if

Geographical division and city

May 1, 1914.

Cts.
56.3
51.6
56.0
57.0
50.0
*46.9
56.3
43.8
50.0
37.5
60.0
43.8

DoUs.
27.00
24.00
25.76
24.50
21.00
22.50
27.00
21.00
24.00
18.00
25.80
21.00

1
1
1
lj
1?
lj
M
1
1]
1
1
1
\
\

1
1
1
n
i
*i*
i
i
i
i
i
i

8
17
n
7
7
8
8
8
8
8
7
8

46.9
50.0
<47.9
46.9
43.8
50.0
53.6

22.50
24.00
23.00
22.50
21.00
24.00
22.50

11

1
1
lj
l
1
1

i
i
li
2
1
1
1

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
66.7
71.4
50.0

27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
30.00
30.00
24.00

48
46*
46
43
42
48
48
48
48
48
43
48

Cts.
56.3
51.6
55.3
57.0
50.0
46.9
56.3
43.8
50.0
34.4
60.0
42.2

DoUs.
27.00
24.00
25.45
24.50
21.00
22.50
27.00
21.00
24.00
16.50
25.80
20.25

8
*7
7*
7
7
8
8
8
8
8
7
8

48
46*
46
43
42
48
48
48
48
48
43
48

8
8
8
8
8
8
7

48
48
48
48
48
48
42

43.8
50.0
46.9
46.9
43.8
50.0
50.0

21.00
24.00
22.50
22.50
21.00
24.00
21.00

8
8
8
8
8
8
7

48
48
48
48
48
48
42

8
8
8
8
7*
7
8

48
48
48
48
45
42
48'

56.3
56.3
56.3
56.3
66.7
67.9
50.0

27.00
27.00
27.00
27.00
30.00
28.50
24.00

8
8
8
8
7*
7
8

48
48
48
48
45
42
48

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala..,
Dallas, T ex...........
Houston, Tex.......
Little Rock, A rk ..
Louisville, K y.......
Memphis, Tenn
New Orleans, L a ..
Western.
Denver, Colo..............
Los Angeles, Cal........
Portland, Oreg..........
Salt Lake City, Utah.
San Francisco, C al....
Seattle, Wash............
Spokane, Wash..........

lj
6 li

1
2
1
1
li
1
•1
ll
1
li r
11
11

i On Friday, 9 hours; on Saturday, 9|.
* Scale became 56.7 cents on Oct. 1,1915.
* On 6-day newspapers. On 7-day newspapers— holidays, time and a half; for Sunday, no increase
lor
in rate.
* Scale became 50 cents on June 2,1915.
» Until midnight; double time thereafter.
* For Sunday; work 5 hours on holidays, paid for full day.




218

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOB STATISTICS.

T a b le A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
SOFT-DRINK ESTABLISHMENT EMPLOYEES.
BOTTLERS.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
days
mos.
Over­ and
with
Per time. holi­ Per Per Satur­
Per week,
days. full week, day Per
full half­
hour. lull
day. time. holi­ hour.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by—
!
North Atlantic.
Newark, N. J................
Head bottlers..........
New York, N .Y ...........
Helpers...................
Scranton, Pa.................
Helpers...................
Crowners................

Cts.
31.5
35.2
32.0
30.1
29.6
24.1
20.4

DoUs.
17.00
19.00
16.50
15.50
16.00
13.00

30.0
33.3
28.7
22.2
37.5
34.4
29.6
33.3
37.5

18.00
16.00
15.50

28.7
25.9
37.5

15.50
14.00
18.00

11.00

12
12
2
2
*1
»1
*1

2 54
2 54

i

North Central.
Cleveland, Ohio...........
Cleveland, Ohio............
Indianapolis, Ind..........
Helpers...................
Kansas City, Mo...........
Helpers...................
Milwaukee, W is............
Seltzer.....................
St. Louis, Mo................

12.00

18.00
16.50
16.00
18.00
18.00

2
2
«li
*li
li
1|
1,

10

8
79
79
8
8
9

5U
51|
54
54
54

460
48
7 54
754
48
48
54
54
48

CtS.
31.5
35.2
30.5
28.6
29.6
24.1
20.4

Hours of
labor—

Per
Per Per
week, full week,
full day. full
time.
time.

DoUs.
17.00
19.00
16.00
15.00
16.00
13.00

*54
*54

1

54
54
54

11.00

25.0 15.00

10

<60

&

iP so
22.2 12.00
37.5 18.00
34.4 16.50
26.9 14.50
30.6 16.50
37.5 18.00

«
79

%
754

15.50
14.00
18.00

9
9
*9

54
54
•54

8
8
9
9
8

48
48
54
54
48

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
First class...............
Second class............
Salt Lake City, Mo.......

28.7
25.9
33.3

CHAUFFEURS AND DRIVERS.
North Atlantic.
1
1
Newark, N. J.: Drivers......
10
60
26.7 16.00
10
60
26.7 16.00
1
1
Providence. R . I.: Drivers.,
27.5 16.50
10
60
27.5 16.50
10
60
Scranton, Pa.:
1
*1
9
54
9
54
29.6 16.00
29.6 16.00
Drivers.........................
22.2 12.00
22.2 12.00
1
»1
9
54
9
54
Drivers, extra...............
i Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* 51 hours, November to April, inclusive.
* For Sunday and July 4; work 4* hours on Washington's Birthday, Memorial and Thanksgiving days,
paid for full day; work on other holidays prohibited.
* Allowed 7 days off each year, with pay.
* Work prohibited.
* Not organized on May 1,1914.
7 8 per day, 48 per week, October to April, inclusive,
a For holidays; for Sunday, double time.
• 7 per day, 42 per week, October to April, i
, inclusive.




219

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, MAY 1, 1915.

T a b l e A .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
SOFT-DRINK ESTABLISHMENT EMPLOYEES-Oontinued.
CHAUFFEURS AND DRIVERS—Concluded.
May 1,1915.

May 1,1914.

Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
Geographical division and city.
days
mos.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Per Satur­
Per week,
days. full week, day Per
full half­ hour.
hour. full
time.
time. holi­
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
by-

Hours of
labor—

Per
Per
week, fuU
full day.
time.

North Central.
Chicago, HI.:
Chauffeurs..................
Chauffeurs............. .
Drivers, route..............
Drivers, 2-horse trucks
Drivers. 2-horse trucks.
Drivers5helpers..........
Drivers'helpers..........
Cleveland. Ohio:
Chauffeurs...................
Drivers, seltzer............
Drivers, route.........
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Drivers, route..............
Drivers, dray and fountain..
Kansas City, Mo.:
Chauffeurs, auto trucks,
route.................................
Chauffeurs, trucks under
1,500 pounds.....................
Chauffeurs, trucks over 1,500
pounds.............................
Drivers, route......................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Chauffeurs...........................
Drivers................................
Drivers’ helpers..................

Cts.
33.3
41.7
429.2
27.5
30.0
23.3
15.0

DoUs.
20.00
825.00
517.50
16.50
818.00
14.00
9.00

35.4 17.00
33.3 20.00
28.1 16.00
33.3 1 18.00
1
27.8 15.00

(*)
(ii
w
v)
I
(®)

li

ii

(2)
(2)
(6)
(2)
(2\
(v
(2)
2
(2
)
“ U

ii

li

60
60
60
60
60
60
60

a s.
33.3
41.7
29.2
25.0
30.0
23.3
15.0

8
48
i®10 i8 60
57
9*

30.0
(>)

10
10
10
10
10
10
10

9
9

54
54

DoUs.
20.00

825.00
517.50
15.00
818.00
14.00
9.00

10
10
10
10
10
10
10

(*)
(9
)
18.00 1010
(*)
(*)

33.3 u18.00
27.8 15.00

0)

(IS)

9

54

29.6 516.00

16.00

0)

(18)

9

54

29.6

35.2 19.00
29.6 516.00

W
(*)

(1*)

9
9

54
54

35.2 19.00
29.6 516.00

35.2 M19.00
35.2 1419.00
20.4 11.00

if

i|
ii

i|
if
i»

9
9
9

54
54
54

33.3 1418.00
33.3 M18.00
18.5 10.00

i£
if

i|
if

9
9

54
54

31.5
25.9

9
9

29.6 516.00
29.6

m

16.00

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Drivers................................ 31.5
Drivers, extra...................... 25.9

17.00
14.00

17.00
14.00

150 cents per hour.
* Work prohibited.
* And a commission of 10 cents per case for empty bottles and 10 cents for each empty keg returned.
4Scale became 30 cents on July 1,1915.
* And various commissions.
030 cents per hour.
* 35 cents per hour.
825 cents per hour.
* Not organized on May 1,1914.
u Hours vary, but total 60 per week. Allowed 7 days off each year, with pay.
1 And a commission of 1 cent on each empty case returned.
1
“ For delivery to fountains; deUvery to picnics and excursions, double time,
is Work one-half day on holidays, paid for full day; for Sunday, 50 cents per hour.
1 And various commissions on empties returned.
4




220

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OP LABOB STATISTICS.

T a b le A.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOB IN EACH

TRADE, BY GEOGBAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND CITIES, ON MAY 1, 1915,
AND MAY 1, 1914—Continued.
SOFT-DRINK ESTABLISHMENT EMPLOYEES—Concluded.
MISCELLANEOUS OCCUPATIONS.
May 1,, 1914.

May 1,1915.
Hours of
labor—

Rate of wages—

Rate of
wages—

Hours of
labor—

Num­
ber
Sun­
of
days
mos.
Geographical division and city.
Over­ and
with
time. holi­
Per
Per Satur­
Per
Per
days. Per week, day Per week, Per week,
Per week,
full full half­ hour. full full full
full
hour.
day. time. holi­
day. time.
time.
time.
days.
Hourly rate
multiplied
byNorth Atlantic.
Cts. Dolls.
35.2 19.00
washers, bottle................... 22.2 12.00
New York, rf. Y .: Washers, bot30.1 15.50

Newark, N. J.:

1}
if

*2
12

2

2

•1J

9
9

*54
*54
51}

Cts. DoUs.
35.2 19.00
22.2 12.00

9
9

*54
*54

12 28.6

15.00

H

52}

North Central.
9

54

26.9

14.50

9

54

8
9

48
54

34.4 16.50
27.8 15.00

8
9

48
54

54
163
54
48

30.6 16.50
24.6 15/50
20.4 11.00
25.0 12.00

9
9
9
8

7 63

1
1

9
9
9
8

1}

9

54

22.2

9

54

26.9

14.50

li

34.4
27.8

16.50
15.00

c*

33.3
26.2
23.1
25.0

18.00
16.50
12.50
12.00

i1
it

?

Denver, Colo.: Washers, bottle. 22.2

12.00

1J

Indianapolis, Ind.: Stablemen..
Kansas City, Mo.:
Men at washing and labeling
machines..........................
Stablemen...........................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Brewers, Weiss beer............
Stablemen................. .
Washers, bottle...................
St. Louis, Mo.: Washers, bottle.

54

54
48

Western.
12.00

i Work on Labor Day prohibited.
* 51 hours per week, November to April, inclusive.
* For holidays; for Sunday, no increase in rate.
* For holidays; for Sunday, double time.
* 50 cents per hour.
« Work one-half day on holidays, paid for full day; for Sunday, 50 cents per hour.
’ Allowed 1 day ofi every 2 weeks, and every other holiday on, with pay*




APPENDIX.
WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN THE PRINTING
AND BINDING TRADES.




221

APPENDIX.
WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN THE PRINTING AND BINDING
TRADES.

At the request of the Joint Committee on Printing of the Congress
of the United States, a special investigation was made in the summer
and fall of 1915 of wages and hours of labor in specified occupations in
the printing and binding trades as drawn from the records of 179 rep­
resentative establishments in 26 cities. This information, together
with the union wage scales for the same occupations and the same
cities, was presented to the committee in a special report.
All of the union wage figures given in such special report will be
found in the general table of this bulletin. The two principal tables
compiled from the establishment pay-roll data are reproduced here
that they may be available for general distribution.
The material obtained from the employing establishments, like the
union wage data, was obtained by special agents of the Bureau of
Labor Statistics in personal visits. The number of establishments
covered in each of the 26 cities was as follows:
ESTABLISHMENTS COVERED.

City.

Atlanta, Ga........ .
Baltimore, M d....
Birmingham, Ala.
Boston, Mass----Buffalo, N. Y .__
Chicago, 111.........
Cincinnati, Ohio..
Cleveland, Ohio..
Denver, Colo...... .
Detroit, Mich___

Number
of estab­
lish- .
ments.

City.

Indianapolis, Ind.......
Kansas City, Mo........
Memphis, Tenn.........
Milwaukee. Wis.........
Minneapolis, Minn....
New Orleans, La...... .
New York City, N. Y.
Philadelphia, Pa...... .
Pittsburgh, Pa......... .
Providence, R. I ........

Number
of estab­
lish,
ments.

City.

Number
of estab­
lish­
ments.

Richmond, Va........ .
St. Louis, Mo.......... .
Salt Lake City, Utah.
San Francisco, Cal...
Seattle, Wash...........
Washington, D. C ...

5
4
4
3
3
13

Total............. .

179

It was not practicable to obtain information from all establishments
in each city visited. To have done so would have involved more
work than was contemplated by the request of the committee and an
expense that could not have been incurred by the bureau. It is
believed, however, that a sufficient number of establishments and
employees were covered to furnish fairly representative figures for
each city. The agents were instructed to make a general inquiry in
each city before beginning the collection of data and to select such
establishments as, taken collectively, would represent each city as a
222




WAGES AND HOTJBS OP LABOR IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

223

whole. More employees were covered in a few of the larger cities of
the East than in cities of the South and West.
The two tables reproduced are:
1. Classified and average rates of wages per hour in each occupation
by cities, in 1915, from establishment pay rolls.
2. Full-time hours of labor per week in each trade, by cities, in 1915,
from establishment pay rolls.
Table 1 shows by occupations the number of employees in each city
earning each classified rate of wages per hour. The classification is
made in one-cent groups, hence the grouping is so small that the pre­
sentation is practically as satisfactory as a tabulation of actual rates
in detail. In addition, the average rate of wages per hour is given for
each city. Table 2 gives the number of employees in each city
grouped according to their full-time hours of labor per week.
The figures for newspaper and book and job offices are presented
separately. In newspaper offices a further division is made of day
and night workers. The book and job figures relate to daywork.
There is so little regular nightwork in book and job offices that the
fragmentary data do not warrant presentation.
Data are given in these two tables for such occupations as were
enumerated in the request of the congressional committee. In addi­
tion, all other occupations in the printing and binding trades were
covered and combined in one group under the term “ Miscellaneous.”
In many cities some of the minor occupations named in the commit­
tee’s letter have no separate union scale, the employees in' such lines
of work being covered by the scale of the general trade. A like condi­
tion was found in many establishments, the work of a minor occupa­
tion being performed incidentally by an employee in connection with
his primary work. For example, very few imposers were found, the
work of this occupation being similar to that of makers-up. The
work in both of these occupations, as well as that of some other occu­
pations, may be done by the foreman or a compositor in connection
with the work of his regular occupation.




224

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS*

T a b le 1.—CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR IN

PAY
NEWSPAPER.
COMPOSITORS: Daywork, Males.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—
Classification of wages
per hour (cents).

Indi­ Kan­
At­
Bir­
Buf­ Chi­ Cin­
De­
lan­ Balti­ ming­ Bos­ falo. cago. cin­ Cleve­ Den­ troit. an- sas
ta. more. ham. ton.
nati. land. ver.
« - City.
i
i
28 and under 29................
!
1
35 and under 36................
1
37 and under 38................
39 and under 40................
41 and cmder 4 2 .,....... T
43 and under 44................
44arid nr)dei*45.
45
jiridw 4 \
€,
46 and under 47................
47 and under 4 8 ..............

1
1
2
2

50 and under 51................
51 and under 52................
52 and under 53................
53 and under 54................
54 flpd under 55.......... .

4

55 and rinder 5fiT T
.
56 and under 57................
57 and under 58......
58 find iipder 59.*.
59 and under 6 0 ,..... T
.,..

1

1
1

14
1
3

2

10

17
i
16

10
14

2
1

2

3
1
15

1

60 and under 6 1 ...... T
....
61 and under 62................
62 and under 63...............
63 and under 64................
64 and under 65.............. .
65 and under 66................
66 and under 6 7 ...............
67 and under 68................
68 and under 69................
69 and under 70................

*

1

28

59
20

3

1
10
1

7

1

3

71 and under 72........* . . . .
72 and under 73................
73 and under 74................
75 and under 76................
77 and under 78................

2

78 and under 79................
79 and under 80................
82 and under 83................
83 and under 84................

1

4
19

2
1

1

13
14
Total.......................
9 114
16
30
13
Average wage per
hour (cents)........ 50.2 59.5 59.5 65.3 50.3 62.7 58.7

1

10

11

24

23

15

53.8

65.1

55.9

54.9

59.4

COMPOSITORS: Nightwork, Males.
36 and under 37................
40 and under 41................
41 and under 42................
42 and under 43................
45 and under 46................
46 and under 47................
50 and under 51................
56 and under 57................
57 and under 58................
58 and under 59................
59 and under 60................
60 and under 61................
61 and under 62................
62 and under 63.............




.

11
!
1

31

1

10
15

1

1

38
1
1

18
|

3
3

14

1

11

1

8

WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES.
EACH OCCUPATION, BY
ROLLS.

CITIES, IN

1915, FROM

NEWSPAPER.

30061°— Bull. 194—16------ 15



225

ESTABLISHMENT

226

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le 1.—CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR IN

ROLLS—
NEWSPAPER—Continued.
COMPOSITORS: Nightwork, Males—
Concluded.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—
Classification of wages
per hour (cents).

under 6ft...............
rindA 6 7 ...,.» t___
r
67 and under 68................
68 and under 69................
69 and under 70................

Bir­
At­
Chi­ Cin­
De­
lan­ Balti­ ming­ Bos­ Buf­ cago. cin­ Cleve­ Den­ troit.
ta. more. ham. ton. falo.
nati. land. ver.

05

70 and under 71................
71 and under 72................
72 and under 73...............
73 and under 74........ .
75
under 76...............

1
76

39
3

2
3
11

19

1
1

ELECTROTYPERS: Daywork, Males.
43
under 44................
47 ftpd under 4 8 ...........
54 find under 5 5 ...............
56 and
57................
65 p d under 66................
72 and under 73................
76 and under 77...............
Total.......................
Average wage per
hour (cents). . . . . .
IMPOSERS: Daywork, Males.
51................

Total.......................
Average wage per
hour (cents)........
IMPOSERS; Nightwork, Males.
56 ftnfl nnflflr 5 7 ..............

4

Total.......................
Average wage per
hour (cents)........

56.3




1

1

42
12
15
92
51
15
Total.......................
10
Average wage per
hour (cents)........ 50.7 61.9 59.5 *67.8 57.6 67.1 62.1

50 ftnd

1

1

2

76 and under 77................
77 and under 78........ .
78 and under 79................
80 and under 81................
83
under 84................
84 and under 85...............
86
Trnriftr 8 7 ...........
88 and
89................
105 ftnfl iinfl«r 10$............

Xndi- Kan­
an- sas
apo- City.
lk

4

20
60.6

20

12

70.9 60.4

35

8

58.0 59.4

WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOB IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

227

EACH OCCUPATION, B Y CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Continued.
NEWSPAPER—Continued.
COMPOSITORS, Nightwork, Males—
Concluded.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—
Phila­
Mil­ Min­
Wash­
Salt San
Mem­ wau­ neap­ New New del­ Pitts­ Provi­ Rich­ St. Lake FranOr­
attle. ing­ Total.
phis. kee. olis. leans. York. phia. burgh. dence mond. Louis. City.
ton.

34
1
21
4
13
85
2
2
15
1
39
1

15

1
18
1
1
29
58.2

7

155

46

8

4

3

73

56.5 60.0 54.4

77.1

43.3

65.0

57.8

45.8

67.0

18

752
79.8

66.6

64.9

ELECTROTYPERS: Daywork, Males.

15
11
1
2

3
3
1

3
3
1
15
11
1
2

29

7

36

6L8

47.0

58.9

IMPOSERS: Daywork, Males.
2

2
2

2

50.0

50.0
IMPOSERS: Nightwork, Males.

3

7

3

7

56.3

56.3




228

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le 1.— CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE

RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR
ROLLS—
NEWSPAPER—Continued.

LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Daywork, Males.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—
Classification of wages
per hour (cents).

Bir­
At­
Buf­ Chi­ Cin­
De­
lan­ Balti­ ming­ Bos­ falo. cago. cin­ Cleve­ Den­ troit.
nati. land. ver.
ta. more. ham. ton.

Indi- Kan­
an- sas
apd- City.
lk

Under 25............. ............
3$ ^nd under 37................
and under 40- t, t..........
40 ^ under 4 i.T
.............
43 and under 44................
44 and under 45................
45 and under 46................
4ft fl.nd under 47................
47 and under 4R................
£0 and under 5 ^ -,...........

21

52 and under 5 ^ -,.......r- 53 and under 5 4 . . . . . . . . .
fvnd und«r 55—
.............
and under 56................
56 and under 57r...............
57 and under 58________
5$ and und«r 59............ - 59 and iwd«r 6ft________
40 and under 61_________ r
61 and under 62--..........

18

1
20

1

62 and under 6 3 ..............
63 and under 6 4 ...........
64 and under 65........ .......
65 and under 66. . . . . . . . . . .
66 ^ under 67................
67 ^ under 68................
68 and T»ndAr 69................

21

1
1
1
1
1

72 and rmriftT 7 3 ...........
73 ^ under 7 4 ...........
74 and under 7 5 .............
75 and under 76................
76 and under 77................
77 and under 78................
78 and under 79................
79 and under fcO
................
80 and under 81................
81 and under 82...............

30

5

1

70 and under 71................
71
nndm» 7 2 ...........

24
2

1
1

10

17

1

7
4

1

3
2
6

1

12
23

2
2

2
1

4
19

2
1

1
1
4

1

1

1

1

82 and under 83................
84 and under 85................
85 and nndw 86................
86 and under 87................
87 and under 88................

1

88 and under 89................
90 and under 91................
91 and under 92................
92 and under 93................
93 and under 9 4 ...........

1

94 and under 95................
95 and under 96................
99 and under 100..............
101 and under 102.............
104 and under 105.............
9
21
Total.......................
Average wage per
hour (cents)......... 69.8 59.5




1

8
68.6

21

18

10

25

67.0 50.0 75.6 56.6

53.8

63.3

63.5

80

21

17

24

30

53.0 59.4

229

WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

IN EACH OCCUPATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Continued.
NEWSPAPER—Continued.
LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Daywork, Males.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—
Mil­ Min­
Salt San
Mem­ wau­ neap­ New New Phila­ Pitts­ Provi­ Rich­ St. Lake Fran­ Se­ Wash­
del­
ing­
Or­
phis. kee. olis. leans. York. phia. burgh. dence. mond. Louis. City. cisco. attle. ton. Total.
1

1
1
2
1
24

1
2

1

24
1
8
1
4

14
1
1
5

2
6

2

4

1
8
1
4
37
7
45

10

2
22

2
1
2

1

13
1

1
23

1

2
1

24
2

1
2
3

2

1

1
1

1
1
1

1
1

1

1
1

1

11

1
1

5

1
1
1
2

1

3
1
1
1
i
1

2
1

1

1

1

1

2
1

1

1

25

24

1

1

3
3
1
0
0
19
1
4
2
1

2

1
5
1
1
1

3

1

13

37

56

13

10

8

74.7 77.8

69.4

50.3

60.0

64.5

51.8




8

13
1
1

1
8

21
15
3
19
$

1

1

2

9

11
51
25
5
45
11
0
4
6
19

1

1

72.7 52.4

1

1

1

1

1
1

1

4

24

1

5
51
44
2

2
2
1
1
1

1
13

23

79.2 83.1

79.9

51 ~574
61.9

63.2

230

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOB STATISTICS.

T a b le 1.—CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE

RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR
ROLLS—
NEWSPAPER—Continued.

LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Nightwork, Males.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in
Classification of wages
per hour (cents).

Indi­ Kan­
Bir­
At­
Buf­ Chi­ Cin­
De­
lan­ Balti­ ming­ Bos­ falo. cago. cin­ Cleve­ Den­ troit. an- sas
nati. land. ver.
ta. more. ham. ton.
i r City.

47 and
48...............
40 and under fiOnr. _____
50 and under 5
1
51 and under 52....... .
52 and unde? 5a...............
68 and under 54,_____
55 and under 5 6 ...... T
56and under 5 7 .-r,__
57 and under 5^,..............
58 and under 59. - t ....... 50 and under 60. - r, __
60 and under 6 1 ..........
61 and under 6 2 ..........
62 and under (I? -,--.........
and under 65 - r............

1

1
1
1
1

28

2

74and under 7 5 ..........
75 and under 7 6 ..........
76and under 7 7 ..........
77 and tih^at 78................
78 and pilftr 79................
79 and vfnflftr go......... .
80 and unflAr 8 1 ..........
81 a«d under 8 2 ..........
82 and under 83................
83 and unde** 84................
84 and under 8 5 ..........
85 and undAr 8 6 ..........
86andnnriftr 8 7 ..........
87 and under 8 8 ..........
88and under 8 9 ..........
89and under 9 0 ..........
90 and nndAi* 91 . . . . . . . . .
91 and under 9 2 ..........
92and under 9 3 ..........
93and under 9 4 ..........
94 and under 9 5 ..........
95and under 9 6 ..........
96and under 97 . . . . . . . .
97 and under 9 8 ..........
98and
9 9 ..........
99and
1 0 0 .........
100 and under 1 0 1 ........
103 and undftr 1 0 4 ........
104 and under 1 0 5 ........
106 ftnfl flnrjAr 107. . . . . . . .
108 and under 1 0 9 ........
110 and under 111. . . . . . . .
115 and undfT 1 1 6 ........
t>
17f) and nnrlftr 121. . . . . . . .
12ft a"d U < Ap1 2 4 ........
n^1

1

64
1
3

1

4

1
1

2
2

1

1
1

1

1
31

75

1
2
1
2

1

2
1
2
1
1
20

1
1

1

2
9

3

1

1

2
1

4

2

1
1
1

i
........ i.........
1 ' i
I
1

........ 1 .;...
i
........ i.........

1

1

1

20
28
10
70
47
37
76
Total.......................
Average wage per
hour (cents)........ 76.7 61.9 75.7 67.5 56.3 75.1 62.6




20

12
2
20
1

26

3

1
1

1

2

2
1

1

1
70 and under 7 1 .........,
71 and under 72...............
72and undAr 7 3 ..........
7 3 under 7 4 ............

47

•

26

20

51

31

20

60.0

70.0

64.4

57.3

59.4

231

WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

IN EACH OCCUPATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Continued.
NEWSPAPER—Continued.
LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Nightwork, Males.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—
l i

Mil­ Min­ New New Phila­ Pitts­ Provi­ Rich­ St. Salt San Se­ Wash­
wau­ neap­ Or­ York. del­ burgh. dence. mond. Louis. Lake Fran­ attle. ing­ Total.
phia.
City. cisco.
kee. olis. leans.
ton.
1

1
2

17

26
1
1
i

1

1
1

2
2

1
1

1

1

2

20

1
1
1
1
1

79

i
i

38
1
1

i

3

i

4

2

1
1
2

2
1
1
1
1

1

3

1

1
1
2

1

1

1
1

2

2
4

1

2
1
1
1
1
2
1

1

2

1

1
1
2

21

154

98

20

13

10

56.7 87.0 76.6

76.2

56.6

65.0

70.9

56.3

17

5
2
2

12
47
4
8
11

43
8

4
11
7
7
2
8
4
6
2
2
2
2
3
5
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
2
1

1
1
1

1

1
*
1
1

30

21

2

1
16

4
18

19
4
3

1
1

3
1

86.9

6
24
8
6
85

1

1
1

2

2

1
2

2

1

1

2

3

1

1

4
26
55
71
7

2

1
34

44

1
2

1

1

1
2
1

24
39
35

100

1

i

33
1

2

1

1

1

1
2

102

10

2

2

i

1
1
6
1
57

4
1
57




1
1
1

39

12

83.9 93.7

40
77.4 ........

46

952

66.8

68.2

232

BULLETIN OP THE BUBEAU OF LABOB STATISTICS.

T a b l e 1.—CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE BATES OF

WAGES PEE HOUB
ROLLS—

NEWSPAPER—Continued.
LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Daywork, Females.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—
Classification of wages
per hour (cents).

Indi­ Kan­
1Bir­
At­
Buf­ Chi­ Cin­
De­
lan­ Balti­ ming­ Bos> falo. cago. cin­ Cleve­ Den­ troit. an- sas
more. ham. ton.
nati. land. ver.
ta.
1ST City.

60and under 5 1 ..* « ......
53 and under 5 4 ..............
72and under 7 3 ,.........

1

Total.......................
Average wage per
hour (cents)........

1

2

72.0

53.0

2

LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Nightwork, Females.
49 and under 50................
62 and under 63................
73 and under 7 4 ..........

2

Total.......................
Average wage per
hour (cents).........

2
62.5
MAKERS-UP: Daywork, Males.

35 and under 3 6 ...........
37 and under 38...............
38and under 3 9 ...........
41 and under 42........ .
47 and under 4 8 ...........
50 and under 51.
.
61 and under 5 2 .............
52and under 5 3 * ..........
53 and under 5 4 ...........
54 and under 5 5 ...........
55 and under 5 6 ..............
56 and under 5 7 .............
57 and under 58........ .......
58and under 59*.
59 and under 6 0 ...........

4
1
1

5

1
1

i

3
1

60 and under 6 1 ..............
61 and under 6 2 .« .........
62 and under 63••••••••••.
63 and under 6 4 .« .........
64 and under 6 5 ...........
65 and under 6 6 ...............
66 and under 6 7 « ..........
67 and under 6 8 .............
68and under 6 9 ...........
70 and Tindfl1 71....•••••••
*

3

1

2

3
2

1
i

1

3

1
1

2

6

1

1

1
1
2

71 and under 72..........
72 and
7 3 ...........
73 and under 7 4 .« .........
75 and
7 6 .............
76 and iTndfl1 7 7 ...........
*

1
1

2

77 and under 78...............
80 and under 8 1 .............
82 and under 83................
83 and under 84................

1

2

4

8

1

3
4
3
5
Total.......................
10
19
3
Average warn per
hour (cents)......... 54.4 61.9 57.2 75.7 51.6 65.6 60.5




5

3

4

53.8

61.5

57.1

5

7

60.2 63.4

233

WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

IN EACH OCCUPATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Continued.
NEWSPAPER—Continued.
LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Daywork, Females.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—
Mil­ Min­
Salt San
Mem­ wau­ neap­ New New Phila­ Pitts- Provi­ Rich­ St. Lake Fran­ Se­ Wash- Total.
del­
Or­
phis. kee. olis. leans. York. phia. burgh. dence. mond. Louis. City. cisco. attle. to*.
ton.
1

1

2
1

1

4

60.0

57.0
LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Nightwork, Females.
1

1
2
1

1
1

1

4

49.2

73.3

61.9
MAKERS-UP: Daywork, Males.
1
1
1
23
1

1
1
X
23
2

1

1
2
1

2

1

8
1
5
6
6

2
5
1

1

2

1

2

3
8
9
6
6

4
1

2

5
1

1

1

4
1

5

1
1

1
7

1

2

2
1
1
4
3
59.3

1

1

2
1
6

4

22

27

3

4

1

12

1

4

74.5

41.3

61.7

54.5

47.6

63.1

68.8

82.1

5

6




1
5

4
9
12
2
1
4
3
8
2
2
2
1
5
12

4

52.7 54.4 57.7

10

12 ~175
68.4

60.9

234

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T ab le 1.— CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR

ROLLS—
NEWSPAPER—Continued.
MAKERS-UP: Nightwork* Males*
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in
Classification of wages
per hour (cents).

...........
42 and nnder
45 and tindw4()trt. . T
.......
47 and under 48. _., r, . . , . .
50 and tinder ...... ........
52 and under 53................
W andunderss,56 and under 5 7 ...........
57 and under 5 8 ...........
59'and under 6 0 ...............
60*and under 61................

Indi­ Kan­
Bir­
At­
DeChi­ Cin­
lan­ Balti­ ming­ Bos­ Buf­ cago. cin­ Cleve­ Den­ troit. an* sas
land. ver.
more. ham. ton. falo.
nati.
ta.
City.

5
1

1

2
2

6

4

61 and under 62................
62 and under 63........ .
64and under 6 5 ...........
65 and under 66...............
66 and under 6 7 ...........

2
1
1
3
1

1

2

2

1

1
1

1
5
1

80 ftM under 8 1 ..............
83 and under 84................
84 and under 85................
85 and nndar 86................
86 and under 87................
1

87 and under 88................
88'and under 89................
100 and under 101.............

I

12
Total.......................
6
4
4
2
6
10
Average wage per
hour (cents)........ 50.7 61.9 65.6 74.0 56.3 67.3 69.1

9

4

3

4

3

60.6

72.5

61.7

63.3

64.6

MONOTYPE KEYBOARD OPERATORS: Daywork, Males.
55and under5 6 ...........
66a"d under 67............. .

1
!

|
i

Total.......................
Average wage per
hour (cents). . . . . .

1

........ !.........

|

Total.........................
Average wage per
hour (cents)........




i
i

1
i

55.0

MONOTYPE KEYBOARD OPERATORS: Nightwork, Males.
62 and under 63................
67 and under 68................
70 a^d under 71.............
73and under 74........

2

3

1

1

1
1
1

1

5
1

67 aM under 68................
68 and under 6 9 ...........
70 and under 71...............
71 and under 72................
72 and under 7 3 ...........
73 and under 7 4 .............
76 and under 7 7 ...........
77 and under 78................
78 and under 79................
79 and under 80................

4

1

3

2
2

3

2

2

67.0

62.5

70.0

235

WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

IN EACH OCCUPATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Continued.
NEWSPAPER—Continued.
MAKERS-UP: Nightwork, Males.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—

1
15
1
1
4

St. Salt San Se­ Wash­
Louis. Lake Fran­ attle. ing­ Total.
City. cisco.
ton.

11
«a

Mil­ Min­
Mem­ wau­ neap­ New New Phila­ Pitts­ Provi­
del­
Or­
phis. kee. olis. leans. York. phia. burgh. dence.

1
16
1
7
4

i
i

1

3

6

2

3
3
12

1

3
4

4
14

1

2

4

8

4

4
19
1
5
4
3

2

2

1

1

1
1

6
9
1

4

1

2
1
3
56.3

3
5
1

7
9
1
3

3

4

2

2

1

4

24

23

4

3

2

8

3

3

5

152

60.0 62.0

84.0

47.7

65.0

59.3

47.9

66.7

72.3

85.7

‘ 68.8

65.6

3

MONOTYPE KEYBOARD OPERATORS: Daywork, Males.

5

1
5

5

6

66.7

64.8

MONOTYPE KEYBOARD OPERATORS: Nightwork, Males.




9

2
3
2
9

9

16

73.3

70.4

236

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e 1.—CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR

ROLLS—
NEWSPAPER—Continued.
PRESSMEN, WEB: Daywork, Males.
Number of employees receivingeach classified wage in—
Classification of wages
per hour (cents).

At­
Bir­
Buf­ Chi­ Cin­
De­
lan­ Balti­ ming­ Bos­ falo. cago. cin­ Cleve­ Den­ troit.
ta. more. ham. ton.
nati. land. ver.

Under 25..........................
25ftndunder26
27 fvpd nnrl^r 28 * ....... *
28apd vmd<nr29...______
29 and und<*r 30.. , tt____

8
1

1

31 and under 32. . ___
32 find under 33..
__
33 and unde* 34... - - T
___
34
u n d * r?5 ....t.-f* ,
35 fw»d under 36.. - ____

1
1
2

6

1

49 and under 5 0 . .
50 and under 5 1 .............
52and under 5 3 ...........
53 and under5 4 ...........
54 and under 55*......... .

2

1

10

11

4
4
2

9

3

1

41 ftti^ under 42.
43 and under 44...
__
44ftT)d und®r45..«^-T-T
__
4$ fvnd undftr 47.
47 and under 48.. . . . . . . . . .
48 and under 4 9...............

3

2

3

37amd under 38... r-.r___
38and under 39.._______
39and under40..

9

94

5

8
4
4
1
1

2

2

Indi- Kan­
ansas
apo- City.
lk

18

1
6

55and under 5 6 ...........
57
under 58...............
62 and under 63...............
64 and under 6 5...............
68 and under 69................

1

13
1

Total.......................
12
14
9
2 108
19
17
Average wage per
hour (cents)....... 44.8 35.4 31.5 50.2 28.7 37.2 42.6

6
40.4

6

19

53.3 38.8

16

18

43.2 43.8

PRESSMEN,, WEB: Nightwork, Males.
Under 25..........................
25 and under 26................
29 and under 30................
30 and under 31................
31 and irndftr 32. ...............

1
1
2

33 and under 34................
34 and under 35...............
35 and under 36................
36 and under 3 7 ...............
37 and under 38................

6
1

38 and under 39................
39 and under 40................
40 and under 41..'.............
41 and under 42................
42 and under 43................
43 and under 44................
45 and under 46................
46 and under 47................
47 and under 48................
49 and under 50................




1

3

1

1
6

5

6

6

20

1
8

1

12
2
*
>

22
7
4

237

WAGES AND HOUBS OP LABOB IN PRINTING AND BINDING TBADES.

IN EACH OCCUPATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Continued.
NEWSPAPER—Continued.
PRESSMEN, WEB: Daywork, Males.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—
Mil­ Min­
Salt
Mem­ wau­ neap­ New New Phila­ Pitts­ Provi­ Rich­ St. Lake Fran­ Se­ Wash­ Total.
del­
ing­
Or­
phis. kee. olis. leans. York. phia. burgh. dence. mond. Louis. City. cisco. attle. ton.

10

1

4

1
12
9

6
10
6
17
33

6
6

15

42

11
46
4

6
1

31

31
94
3
146

146

12
1
14

6

13

2
4

3

15

7

10

46.9

40.6

35.9

3 3 .1

52.2

17
35.3

9

37

3

17

21

556

3 7 .5

4 1 .7

50.2

5 3 .1

64.0

2 5 .7

45.8

4

7

3

147

16
7

PRESSMEN, WEB: Nightwork, Males.
2

1
1

1
1

1

1

13

2
1

9

6

1

1
1
8

1
7

1

5

3

2
1
3

5

1

2

1

14

1

2




8

7
18

22

3

10
1

1
2
1
1

3

41
5
28
28

6

238

BULLETIN OP THE BUREAU OP LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e 1.—CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE BATES OF WAGES PEB HOUR

ROLLS—
NEWSPAPER—Continued.
PRESSMEN, WEB: Nightwork, Males—Concluded.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—
Classification of wages
per hour (cents).

Indi­ Kan­
Bir­
AtCin­
Buf­
De­
lan- Balti­ ming­ Bos­ falo. Chi- cin­ Cleve­ Den­ troit. an- sas
more. ham. ton.
land. ver.
nati.
ta.
i r City.

50 and under 51..
52 and under 53..
53 and under 54..
55 and under 56..
57 and under 58..

1
142

58 and under 59..
61 and under 62..
64 and under 65..
65 and under 66..
66 and under 67..
67 and under 68..
68 and under 69..
69 and under 70..
70 and under 71..
86 and under 87..
100 and under 101.
Total*______
Average wag< per
hour (

6

1

43.8

53.6

173

10

27

19

58.2 42.5 49.9

48.8

14

16

15

22

48.9 54.6 44.1 48.4

43.8

10

PRESSMEN IN CHARGE: Daywork, Males.
33 and under 34................
37
under3 8 ...........
38 and under 3 9 ...........
42 and under 43...............
43and under 4 4 ...........

1

44 and under 45...............
45 and under 4 6 . . . . . . . . .
46 and under 4 7 ...........
47 and under 4 8 ...........
50and under 5 1 ...........
52 and under 5 3 ...........
5 3 under 5 4 ...........
57
under 5 ,8 ...........
58and under 59....•••••••
59 and under 6 0 ...........

3

1

2

4

3
1

1
1

13

62 and under 63........
64 and under 6 5 ...........
71 and under 72................
7 2 under 73............. .
80and under 8 1 ...........

3

1

3
4

2

1

81ftT ^ under 8 2 ...........
>
83 and under 8 4 ...........
85and under 86.......... .
100and under 101
Total......................
1
3
1
14
3
Average wage per
hour (cents)........ 58.3 50.0 47.9 60.2 44.0

4

6

2

3

50.0 53.6

53.1

47.9

4

3

52.1 50.0

PRESSMEN IN CHARGE: Nightwork, Males.
41 and
42................
44 And under 45................
46and under 4 7 ...........
48and under 4 9 ...........
50 and under 51................




1

1
1

3

239

WAGES AND HOTJBS OP LABOB IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

IN EACH OCCUPATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Continued.
NEWSPAPER—Continued.
PRESSMEN, WEB: Nightwork, Males—Concluded.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage i n Mil­ Min­
Salt
Mem­ wau­ neap­ New New Phila­ Pitts­ Provi­
St. Lake San Ra- Wash­
Or­
ing­
del­
phis. kee. olis. leans. York. phia. burgh. dence. mond. Louis. City. Fran­ attle. ton. Total.
cisco.

24

16
5
150
1
1
1
24
1
1
177
2
41
2

177
2
41
2
15
8

7

48.6 40.6 31.5 38.2

70.8

15

237

15

19
38.2

3

5

37.0

47.1

26.9

4
52.0

703

61.7

56.7

PRESSMEN IN CHARGE: Daywork, Males.
1

1

1
1

1
1

1

1

9

3
2

1
1

1
1
1
3

2
1

1

8
3
1
2
13

1

1
1

22
1

1

4
50.8

22
2
1
1

1

1
2
1

.53.1

2
10
4
9
15

2

1

1

1
4
2
1

1

27

11

4

1

2

2

4

107

43.2 71.4

68.5

46.6

45.0

52.4

83.3

81.9

56.3

57.0

6

PRESSMEN IN CHARGE : Nightwork, Males.
1

1
3

4
2




4

1

1
3
1
11

240

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le 1.— CLASSIFIED

AND AVERAGE RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR
ROLLS—
NEWSPAPER—Continued.

PRESSMEN IN CHARGE: Nightwork. Males—Concluded.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage inClassification of wages
per hour (cents).

Indi­ Kan­
Bir­
At­
Chi­ Cin­
De­
lan­ Balti­ ming­ Bos­ Buf­ cago. cin­ Cleve­ Den­ troit. an- sas
more. ham. ton. falo.
land. ver.
ta.
nati.
1ST City.

51

under52t
under S4t . . . . . . . . . .
54a«d under55................
55 and under 56................
57 and under 58...............

3

4

1

1

2
2

1

14
1

58 and under 59................
60 and under 61................
61 and under 62...............
®5and under 66........ .
66 and under 67................

3

1

1

1

69 and under 70...............
70 and under 71................
82 and under 83................
83 and under 84................
86 and under 87................

1

95 and under 96................
97 and under 98................
I ll and under 112............
125 and under 126...........
1
1
5
2
2
18
Total.......................
Average wage per
hour (cents)........ 50.0 51.8 65.5 68.8 64.1 ........ 57.1

4
53.1

1

4

53.3 52.2

1

3

60.9 50.0

PROOF READERS: Daywork, Males.
•

25
under 26.
28and under 2 9 . .........
33and under 3 4 ............
35
under 3 6 ..........
39and under 4 0 ..........
41
under 4 2 ..............
42
under 4 3 . .........
45 and under 46...............
47
under 48.
50 and under 51................

1

52and under 53.........
53and under 54.
54 and under 5 5 . .........
55 a"d under 56.. . . . . . . . .
56and under57•••••••...

1

3

1

2
1

57 and under 58................
58 and under 59................
59and under 60.
60and under 6 1 ..........
61 and under 62
62and under 6 3 ..........
63 and under 64................
64 and under 65................
65and under 6 6 * .........
66and under 6 7 ..........

4

3

2

2

1

1

5

2

2

3

1

1

3

67 and under 68................
71 and under 72...............
72 and under 73................
73 and under 74................
75 and under 76................

1
4
7

76and under 77................
78 and under 79................
82 and under 83................

1
1

3
20
6
3
Total.......................
2
3
Average wage per
hour (cents)........ 62.5 60.3 54.5 70.2 ........ 61.8 56.3




4
53.8

2

4

3

3

63.3 55.8 55.9 60.4

241

WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

IN EACH OCCUPATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Continued.
NEWSPAPER—Continued.
PRESSMEN IN CHARGE: Nightwork, M ales-Concluded.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage i n Mil­ Min­
Salt San Se­ Wash­
Mem­ wau­ neap­ New New Phila­ Pitts­ Provi­ Rich­ St.
Or­
del­
phis. kee. olis. leans. York. phia. burgh. dence. mond. Louis. Lake Fran­ attle. ing­ Total.
ton.
City. cisco.
3
8
2
3
3
4
2
8
1
1
15
1
26
1
2
1
1
3
3
2

1

1

35

9

3

1

8

2

105

57.8 50.0

1

44.4

95.2

89.1

54.0

46.9

41.7

61.3

59.5

68.0

PROOF READERS: Daywork, Males.
1
1
1
1
3

1

1

1
1
3
3
i
2

3
1
1

3
2
1
1
6

2

1

2

4

1
6
10
2
5

1

1

1
7
4
1
1

7

1
4

1

1

2
1

4

7
3
3

1

1

5

4

2

7

10

2

4

2

69.5

38.2

53.1

50.7

42.9

30061°— B u ll. 194— 16------- 16




12

1

8
4
7
3
4
1
1
3

3
64.4 51.3 54.0 42.3

8
1
7

6

11

120

61.0 62.5 .......... 78.6

67.2

60.1

242

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le 1 .— CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR

ROLLS—

NEWSPAPER—Continued.
PROOF READERS: Nightwork, Males.

Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—
Classification of wages
per hour (cents).

86 and under 37................
40 and under 41................
44 and under 45................
45 and under 46................
50and under 5 i„ T - . riT1,

Bir­
At­
Buf­ Chi­ Cin­
De­
lan­ Balti­ ming­ Bos­ falo. cago. cin­ Cleve­ Den­ troit.
ta. more. ham. ton.
nati. land. ver.

5

5

5? and under
T
.........53 and under 54................
56 and under 57................
57 and under 58................
58 and under 50................
50 and under 60................
60 and under 61................
61 and
62................
62 and iwriAr 03................
63 and unde*164................
64 and under 65................
66 and under 67................
67 and under 6 8 ...............
68 and
69........... . . .
70 and
7 1 ...........
71 and under 7 2 ...........
72 and tipriar 7 3 .............
73 and under 74................
75 and im^Ar 7 6 ...........
76 and under 7 7 .............

Indi- Kan­
an- sas
apo- City.
1
Is.

2
3
1
3

1

6

6

4
2

1

12
1
10
2

15

4
3

1

1
1

i

77 and under 78................
80 and under 81................
83 and under 84................
84 and
8 5 ...........
86 and under 8 7 ...........
3
5
6
3
12
14
20
Total.......................
Average wage per
hour (cents)........ 50.0 61.9 59.5 68.5 56.3 65.0 63.6

6
60.0

* 5

2

70.6 52.8 57.9

59.4

5

9

PROOF READERS: Daywork, Females.
50 and under 51.••..••••••
53 and under 54................
54 and under 5 5 ........... .
55 and under 5 6 ...............
56 and under 5 7 ..............
T ota l...........
Average wage per
hour (cents). . . .

1

1
2

1

3

50.0

54.5

PROOF READERS: Nightwork, Females.
45 and under 46................
56and under 57...........
57 and under 58................
60 and nnriftr 6 1 ...............
62 and under 63
. . . .
66 and under 6 7 ...........
Total
.............
Average wage per
hour (cents). . . . . .




1
1
1

1

62.5

57.3

WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

243

IN EACH OCCUPATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Continued.
NEWSPAPER—Continued.
PROOF READERS: Nightwork, Males.

2
2

1
1
2
2
2

2

2

8

54.0

56.0

54.2




244

BULLETIN OF THE BUBEAU OF LABOB STATISTICS.

T a b le 1.— CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE RATES OP WAGES PER HOUR

ROLLS—

NEWSPAPER—Continued.
STEREOTYPERS: Daywork, Males.

Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—
Classification of wages
per hour (cents).

Indi­ Kan­
At­
Bir­
Buf­ Chi­ Cin­
lan­ Balti­ ming­ Bos­ falo. cago. cin­ Cleve­ Den­ De­ an- sas
more. ham. ton.
land. ver. troit.
nati.
ta.
City.
T

27 and under 28................
29 and under 30................
31 p d under 32.nt...........
32 and iTndflT 33-.........
37
under 38...............
40 and under 41................
42 and under 43................
43 and under 44................
44 and under 45................
46 and under 47................

1

4
6

47 and under 48................
48 and under 49................
50and under 5 1 ...............
51 and under 5 2...............
53 and under 5 4 ..............

4

1

1

7

8

9

*5

1

54 and under 55................
55 and under 5 6 ..............
56 and under 5 7 ...............
57 and under 58................
59 and under 60................

1

4

7

32

60 and under 61................
62 and under 63................
65 and under 66................
60and under 70...............
75 and under 76................
93 and under 94................

1

1

5
3
6
4
5
8
Total......................
32
Average wage per
hour (cents)........ 46.9 47.5 50.4 59.6 43.8 53.8 50.0

1
1

10

2

5

8

7

.51.3

61.1

50.0

47.9

56.3

STEREOTYPERS: Nightwork, Males.
27 and under 28................
28 and under 29................
29
under 3 0 ...............
31 and under 32................
34 and under 35...............
37
under 38................
40 and under 4 1 ...............
41 and under 42................
43 and under 44................
46
under 47................
48 and under 49................
50 and under 5 1 ...............
51 and under 52................
52 and under 5 3 ...............
53
under 54................
54 and under 55.............
55 and under 56................
56and under 57................
57 and under 58................
59 and under 60................
60 ftttd under 61................
62 and under 6 3 ...
............
68 and under 69................
69 and under 7 0 ...............
78 and under 7 9...............
79 and under 80................
87 and under 88................

1

1

5

3
5

4
5
6

2

1
6

7

7

1

1
1

1

6

8
1

3
1

29

4
Total.......................
12
9
11
8
7
29
Average wage per
hour (cents)......... 47.0 50.0 45.6 69.5 42.0 41.5 52.1




1
5
1

3

........ 1
.........
9

4

8

53.8

60.6

57.0

8

6

47.4 56.3

245

WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

IN EACH OCCUPATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Continued.
NEWSPAPER—Continued.
STEREOTYPERS: Daywork, Males.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—
Mil­
Mem­ wau­ Min­ New New Phila­ Pitts­ Provi­ Rich­ St. Salt San Se­ Wash­
Or­
del­
phis. kee. neap­ leans. York. phia. burgh. dence. mond. Louis. Lake Fran­ attle. ing­ Total.
olis.
ton.
City. cisco.
1
1
1

1
1
1

1
4

4
1
6

1
1
24
3
22

1

9
1

5

1
5

5

5

1

4
3
1

10

1

2
2

6
1

58

2

6

54.4 43.8

8

3
1
13
6
32
1
72
1
1
1
1

11
1

1
1

1
27
3
12

5

60

16

5

6

1

12

2

12

9

239

38.5 47.3

63.2

42.4

46.9

57.1

42.9

53.7

56.3

63.1

51.2

54.7

STEREOTYPERS: Nightwork, Males.
1
1

1
1

1
1
3

3
1

2
1
22

5

1
6
7

7
6

10
5

2

3
1
1

1

5
1

24
28
2

4
13
1
32
21
1
28
6
7
17
1
5
8
13
1
3
9
1
29
24
28
2

6

60

28

6

4

1

10

3

6

7

261

50.0 43.8 30.9 53.6

77.2

42.5

46.9

57.7

40.6

53.8

58.4

63.6

50.0

57.7

7

5

3




246

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le 1.— CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR

ROLLS—
NEWSPAPER—Continued.
MISCELLANEOUS: Daywork, Males.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in Classification of wages
per hour (cents).

Under 10..........................
10p.nd under 1 1 ...........
11 and under 12................
12 and under 1 3 ..........
i#
under 14.. ............
14 and under 16. . . . . . . . . .
lfi ftni^ mider W................
16 and under 17................
17 and under 18................
lg and under 1 9 ...........
19 and under 20................
20 and under 21................
21 and under 22................
22 and under 23................
23 and under 24................
34 and under 2 5 ...........
2$ and under 26................
9ft onfl under 27................
27 and under 28........... ...
28
under 2 9 ..... 1.. . . .
29 and under 30................
30 and under 31................
31 and under 32...............
32 and under 33................
33 and under 34................
34 and under 35................
35 and under 36................
36 and under 37................
37 and under 38................
38 and under 39................

Indi­ Kan­
Bir­
AtChi­ Cin­
De­
lan- Balti­ ming­ Bos­ Buf­ cago. cin­ Cleve­ Den­ troit. an- sas
nati. land. ver.
City.
ta. more. ham. ton. falo.
r

2

1

5
1
1
2

2

1

1
2
1

1

1
1

2

1

1

2
3

1
2

3
1

1

1

1
4

1

1
4

5

1

2

1

7

1

4

1

2

1

1

2

4

7

1

1

3

1
1

2

1
7

1
1
4

1

1
1

1

1

1

1
1
1

1

51 and under 52................
52 and under 53................
53 and under 54................
54 and under 55................
55 and under 56................
56 and under 57................
57 and under 58................
58 and under 59................
59 and under 60................
60 and under 61................
61 and under 62................
62 and under 63................
63 and under 64...............
64 and under 65................
65 and under 66................
66 and under 67........ .
67 and under 68................
68 and under 69................
69 and under 70................
70 and under 71................




1

2
1
1

1

3

2
1

1
1

44 and under 45................
45 and under 46................
47 and under 48................
48 and under 49................
50 and under 51................

1
1

7

1

1

39 and under 40................
40 and under 41................
41 and under 42................
42 and under 43................
43 and under 44................

2

1

8
1
1

3

2

1

1

1

1

1

1
1

1
1
1

1
1

5

1
2

3

2

1

i

1

1

2

1

3

1
1
____ !_____

1
2

1
i
i

5

4

1

1

!

1

2

1

1

1

2
•
3

1

5

1
3

3

2

1

2
1

2

4

____ i.........
j

2

WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOB IK PBINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

247

IN EACH OCCUPATION, BY CITIES, INJ1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Continued.
NEWSPAPER—Continued.
MISCELLANEOUS: Daywork, Males.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage i n Mfl. MinSalt San
Mem­ wau- neap- New New Phila­ Pitts­ Provi- Rich- Stc Lake Fran­ Se­
Or- York. del­ burgh.
mond. Louis. City. cisco. attle. tog- Total.
phis.
olis.
phia.
tan.




12

30
23
13
16

21

14

20

13
29
56
20
16
12
6
98
18
57
21
9
3
52
2
36
6
16
2
15
3
2
6
4
7
1

2
6
1
1

7
3
6
2
5
1

12
1

4
5
5
1

30
4
14
1

12

1
5
3
4

248

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le 1 .— CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR

ROLLS—

NEWSPAPER—Continued.
MISCELLANEOUS: Daywork, Males—Concluded.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage inClassification of wages
per hour (cents).

71 and under 7?........ .
72 and under 73................
73 and under 74................
74 and under 75................
75 and under 76................

Indi­ Kan­
At­
Bir­
Chi­ Cin­
Do
lan­ Balti­ ming­ Bos­ Buf­ cago. cin­ Cleve­ Den­ troit. an- sas
ta. more. ham. ton. falo.
nati. land. ver.
City.
T

2

92 and under 93................
93 and under 94................
95 and under 96................
97 and under 98...............
100 and over.....................

1

1

3

3

76 and under 77................
77 and under 78................
78 and under 79................
79 and under 80................
83 and under 84................
85 and under 86................
87 and under 88................
88 and under 89................
89 and under 90................
90 and under 91................

2
4
4

1

1

3
1

1

2

1

1

1
1

1
1

1

4
7

1

1

2

25

34

1

Under 10............
10 and under 11..
11 and under 12..
12 and under 13..
13 and under 14..
14 and under 15..
15 and under 16..
16 and under 17..
17 and under 18...
18 and under 19..
19 and under 20..
20 and under 21..
21 and under 22..
22 and under 23..
23 and under 24..
24 and under 25..
25 and under 26..
26 and under 27..
27 and under 28..
28 and under 29..




1

1

1

MISCELLANEOUS: Nightwork, Males.

34 and under 35...
35and under 36...
36 and under 37...
37 and under 38...
38 and under 39..

2

1

6
24
Total......................
34
20
15
85
30
Average wage per
hour (cents)........ 43.7 24.4 43.2 53.7 30.0 44.2 45.2

29 and under 30..
30 and under 31..
31 and under 32..
32 and under 33...
33 and under 34...

1

1

13

11

27

16

40.9 45.3

39.5 36.5

WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

249

IN EACH OCCUPATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Continued.
NEWSPAPER—Continued.
MISCELLANEOUS: Daywork, MaIe&-Concluded.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage i n Mil- Min­
Salt San
Mem- wau- neap­ New New Phila­ Pitts­ Provi- Rich- St.
Se- Wash­
Or- York. del­ burgh.
Lake
ing­
mond. Louis. City. Fran- attle. ton. Total.
kee. olis.
phia.

a

15
4
1

4
3
5
4
1
19
1
1
2
3
1
i
8
6
1
17

175

142

30.9

33.8

25.9




9
37.7

14

50

10

19

26.1

31.8

32.2

55.4

45.7

916
34.7

36.5

250

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le 1 .— CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR

ROLLS—

NEWSPAPER—Continued.
MISCELLANEOUS: Nightwork, M ales-Concluded.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in
Classification of wages
per boor (cents).

Indi­ Kan­
Bir­
At­
De­
Chi­ Cin­
lan­ Balti­ ming­ Bos­ Buf­ cago. cin­ Cleve­ Den­ troit. an- sas
land. ver.
more. ham. ton. falo.
ta.
City.
nati.
T

99a-m nndw40d
40 And tmdw 41
T .,.
41 and under 4 2 ...........
42
under 4 3 ,..........
43 and under 44.-.

1
1

65 ynd under 66................
66and under 6 7 ...........
67 and under 68..
68 and under 6 9 ...........
69 ftnri nnriAf 7 0 ..............

1

1

1

4

2

2
1

1
1

2

1

1

1
1
2
1

1

1

3

1
3

1

2

2
1

2
1

1

1

4
1

1

4'
1
1

1
1

1
3

1

1

1
1

1
1

1

1

1
2
1

1

2

1

1

1

2

2

2

2

1
1

86and under 8 7 ...........
87and under 88. . . . . . . . . . .
88and under 8 9 ...........
90 and under 9 1 ...........
92 and u^Ar 93................

2

2
1

6
2
4

2
1

3
29

1

1

1

Total.......................
25
21
39
52
13
12
54
Average wage per
hour (cents)........ 47.0 28.9 45.9 60.3 40.7 47.6 41.2




1

1
2

1

2

80and under 81........ .
81 and under 8 2 ...........
82 and under 83...............
83and under 8 4 ...........
85and under 8 6 ...........

93 and under 94................
95 and under 9 6 ...........
97 and under 98............. .
100and o v e r ........ . . . . . .

1
1

1

70 and under 71................
71 ffnd under 7 2 ...........
72 and under 73................
73 and under 74................
74 and under 75................
75and under 76................
76
under 77................
77and under 7 8 ...........
78and under 79........
79 and under 80................

4

4

2
1

54 And under 55-. T . . . . . . .
.
55 and under 5 6 ...........
56 and under 5 7 ...........
57 and under 5 8 -..........
58^ under 5 9 ...........
59 and under 6 0 .............
60 and under 6 1 ...........
61 and under 62................
62 and under 63................
64 and under 65................

1
1

3
2
1

44 and under 45............
45 and under 4ftT
n
.
46and under47.
47 and under 4ft., . . . . . . . . .
4$
itnder 49- *
.
49p d under 50-,
60 and under 51-, . . . . . . . .
51 and unde*R 5? and under 5 3 -..........
53
under 5*--

3

1

i

25

38

1
45

46.6 55.8 37.8 37.6 ........

WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES*

251

IN EACH OCCUPATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Continued.
NEWSPAPER—Continued.




MISCELLANEOUS: Nightwork, Males—Concluded.

252

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le 1*— CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR

ROLLS—
NEWSPAPER—Concluded.
MISCELLANEOUS: Daywork, Females.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—
Classification of wages
per hour (cents).

Indi­ Kan­
Bir­
AtChi­ Cin­
De­
lan- Balti­ ming­ Bos­ Buf­ cago. cin­ Cleve­ Den­ troit. an- sas
land. ver.
more. ham. ton. falo.
ta.
nati.
City.
a
r

15and under 16......... .
16and under 17......... .
18 and under 19................
20 and under 21................
27 and under 28................
29 and under 30................
31 and under 32................

1

5
3

Total.......................
Average wage per
hour (cents)........

1

5

3

20.8 27.1

31.3

MISCELLANEOUS: Nightwork, Females.
14 and under 15................
16 and under 17. •............
25 and under 26. ••••••...
31 and under 3 2 ..........

1

Total.......................
Average wage per
hour (cents)........

4




3

2
2

22.4 31.3

WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

253

IN EACH OCCUPATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Continued.
NEWSPAPER—Concluded.
MISCELLANEOUS: Daywork* Females.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—
Mil- MinSalt San
Mem­ wau- neap- New New Phila­ Pitts- Provi­ Rich­ St. Lake Fran­ Se­ Wash­ Total.
ing­
Or­
del­
phis. kee. olis. leans. York. phia. bnrgi. dence. mond. Louis. City. cisco. attle. ton.

2
1

2
1
1

2
2
1
2
5
1
3

3

1

3

10

17.4

20.8

20.3

24.0




254

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e 1 .— CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR

ROLLS—

BOOK AND JOB.
BOOKBINDERS: Males.

Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—
Classification of wages
per hour (cents).

Under 25..........................
25and under 2 6 ....* .......
26 and under 27.
27 and under 28................
28and under29.

Indi­ Kan­
Bir­
AtDe­
Chi­ Cin­
sas
lan- Balti­ ming­ Bos­ Buf­ cago. cin­ Cleve­ Den­ troit. anton. falo.
City.
nati. land. ver.
ta. more. ham.
1

2
2

1

1

3

2
1
1

4

2

1
2
2

2
1

1

1
1

84and under 35................
85 and under 36................
86 and under 37................
37 and under 38................
88 and under 39................

2

89 and under 40................
40 and under 41...............
41 and under 42................
42 and under 43................
43 and under 44................

2

3
1

1

i

4
2

1

1

2

1
1

2
1

1
1

4

29 and under 30................
80and under 3 1 ..............
81 and under 32................
82and under 33.
83and under34......... .

2

6

3

5

8 ’* 4
3

2
1

1

1

3

9

1

1

5

3
1
8

2
2

1

44 and under 45................
1
45 and under 46................
2
1
46and under 47. ..............
47 and under 4 8 . .........
48 and under 49................ ........ ........ ........
49 and under 50................
1
50and under 5 1 ..........
51 and under 52. •••••••..
1
52and under 53.........
63 and under 54................

4

1

1

1

4

8

1
2
6

5

4

6
1
7

1
1

8

4

2

2

2
1
3

1

2

1

1

2
1

1
........

1

54 and under 55................
55 and under 56................
56 and under 5 7 ..........
57and under 58........... .
58 and under 59................

........

........ ........

2
2
1
1

15
3
1

1

........
5

8
1

2

2

1
1

2
1
4

1

59 and under 60................
60 and under 61................
62 and under 63................
64 and under 65................
66 and under 67................
67 and under 68................
69 and under 70................
75and under 76................
76and under 77................
77and under 78................

1
1

11
Total.......................
9
35
13
26
40
21
Average wage per
hour (cents)........ 38.1 36.8 34.3 38.7 37.7 46.5 35.4

34

BOOKBINDERS: Machine Operators, Males.
Under 25..........................
25 and under 26...............
26 and under 27................
27 and under 28................
29 and under 30................
30 and nndAr 31................
81 and under 32................
33 ftnd under 34................
84 Mid iTnriftr 35................
85 and under 36................




8

1

1
1

3
2
2
1

1

3
3
1
1
2

1
3

1
4
4

3
1

9

35

24

14

39.3 50.7 38.1 46.8 40.8

WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IF PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

255

IN EACH OCCUPATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Continued.
BOOK AND JOB.




BOOKBINDERS: Males.

1

i

4
1
11

X
2

256

BULLETIN OF THE BXJKEAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e 1 .— CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR

ROLLS—

BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
BOOKBINDERS: Machine Operators, Males—Concluded.

Number "> employees receiving each classified wage in—
f
Classification of wages
per hour (cents).

Indi­ Kan­
Bir­
At­
Chi­ Cin­
De­
lan­ Balti­ ming­ Bos­ Buf­ cago. cin­ Cleve­ Den- troit. an- sas
more. ham. ton. falo.
land.
ta.
nati.
City.

36 and under 37..
37 and under 38.
38 and under 39..
39 and under 40..
40 and under 41..
41 and under 42..
42 and under 43..
43 and under 44..
44 and under 45..
45 and under 46..

10

46 and under 47..
47 and under 48..
48 and under 49..
50 and under 51..
52 and under 53..
53 and under 54..
54 and under 55..
56 and under 57..
57 and under 58..
59 and under 60..
60and under 61..
62 and under 63..
66 and under 67..
73 and under 74..
Total.
Average
h our'

per

13

111

45

15

2

37.5

43.0

36.1

34.9

43.0

BOOKBINDERS: Machine Operators, Females*
37 and under 38................
41 and under 42................
43 and under 44................
45 and under 46................
Total.......................
Average wage per
hour (cents)........

1

1
37.0
COMPOSITORS: Males.

Under 25............
25 and under 26..
27 and under 28.,
29and under 30.,
30 and under 31..
31 and under 32..
32 and under 33.,
33 and under 34..
34 and under 35..
35 and under 36..
36 and under 37..
37 and under 38..
38 and under 39..
39 and under 40..
40 and under 41..




WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOB IN PBINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

257

IN EACH OCCUPATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Continued.
BOOK AND JOB—Continued.

BOOKBINDERS: Machine Operators, Females*

1
3
4
45.3

1
1
41.7

30061°—Bull. 194—16------17




1
1
1
3
e
43.3

258

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOB STATISTICS.

T a b l e 1.— CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR

ROLLS—

BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
COMPOSITORS: Males—Concluded.
Number oi employees receiving each classified wage in Classification of wages
per hour (cents).

41 fttld under 42,.. rT
........
42 and under 43................
43 and under 44.
44and under45..
45 and under 46...... .
4A
under 47.
47 ftriid under 4 3 ...........
48 and under 49................
49 and under 50................
50 and under 51................
51 and under 52................
52 and under 53................
53 and under 54................
54 and under 55................
55 and under 56...............

Indi­ Kan­
Bir­
At­
Chi­ Cin­
De­
lan­ Balti­ ming­ Bos­ Buf­ cago. cin­ Cleve­ Den­ troit. an- sas
ta. more. ham. ton. falo.
nati. land. ver.
City.
r

1

2
1
2

1
1

1
14
30
1
10

14

19

9
61

1
3

22

10

3

1

3

10
3

1
x

2

1

o

1
3

2

1

1

41
8

1

29
1

29 and under 30...............
33 and under 34................
34 and under 35...............
35 and under 36................

3
3
16

Total......................
Average wage per
hour (cents)........

35.1

22

ELECTROTYPERS: Males.
Under 25............
25 and under 20..
27 and under 28..
29 and under 30..
31 and under 32..
33 and under 34..
35 and under 36..
36 and under 37..
37 and under 38..
38 and under 39..

11

34
43.1

1

2

1

4

COMPOSITORS: Females.

10

2

4

11
7
14 143
Total.......................
30
63
29
Average wage per
hour (cents)........ 34.2 36.8 41.4 44.1 41.7 47.1 43.2




15
1
4

10

56 and under 57................
58 and under 59...............
60 and under 6 1 .............
62 and under 63................
72 and under 73................

39 and under 40..
40 and under 41..
41 and under 42...
43 and under 44...
44 and under 45...
45 and under 46...
46 and under 47...
47 and under 48...
48and under 49...
49 and under 50...
50and under 51...
51 and under 52...
52 and under 53...
53 and under 54...
54 and under 55...

1

8

29

38

54.2 43.3

33

16

47.7 45.1

259

WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

IN EACH OCCUPATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Continued.
BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
COMPOSITORS: Males—Concluded.

2
4
3
16
3

25

30.6

34.5

ELECTROTYPERS: Males.
1
2
4

5
2
8
8

1

10

2

2
20
4

•.

1
7
4

2

11

2

1
2
4

9
3

1
1

1




1
2

8

2

1

1

1
1

1
1

1

6
4
2

14
4

1
2

2

2

1

5
1
19
32
1
25
9
1$
1
5
30
2
41
4
8

260
T a b le

BULLETIN OF THE BUBEAU OF LABOB STATISTICS.
1. — CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR

ROLLS—

BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
ELECTROTYPERS: Males-Concluded.

Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—
Classification of wages
per hour (cents).

Indi­ Kan­
Bir­
AtChi­ Cin­
De­
lan- Balti­ ming­ Bos­ Buf­ cago. cin­ Cleve­ Den­ troit. an- sas
land. ver.
more. ham. ton. falo.
ta.
nati.
City.

£5 and under 56................
56and under 57.........
57 and under 58................
5gand under 6 0 ...........
60 and under 61................

2

1
2

1
1

1

61 and under 62................
62 and under 63................
6# and under 65................
65 and under 66. ...............
68 and under 69................

2

1

69 and under 70................
72and under 7 3 ..............
79 and under 80................
Total.......................
Average wage per

1

1

1

1
1

1
6

6

3

37.7 40.3 52.1

38

13

48.5 36.7

37

1
38

5

48.3 37.5

47.1

1

26

13

52.1 48.6 43.8

IMPOSERS: Males.
83 and under 3 4 ...........
35 and under 3 6 ...........
37 and under 38.
38 and under 3 9 . .
39 and under 40........

1

1

1

41 and under 42....•••••••
42and under 43................
13 and under 44................
44 and under 4 5 ...........
45 and under 46.••••••••••

4

47and under 4 8 ...........

1

1

52
under 5 3 ...........
54 and under 5 5 ...........
60and under 6 1 ...........

1
1

4

50and under 5 1 * ..........

1

4

1

2
6

1

35.7

2

7

2

45.6

49.0

10

LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Males.
29 and under 30.. ............
33 and under 34................
35 and under 3 6 ...........
37and ym i* 38.. . . . . . . . .
riA
39ftT i
M
40 . . . . . . . .

2
1

1

1

1

2

1

2

47and under 4 8 ...........
49and under 50.. . . . . . . . .
60
under 51
......

2

2

52 and under 53................

2

2




1

1
1
2
1

41 and under 4 2 ...........
43 and under 44..
44 and under 45 . . . . . . . . .
45 and under 46........... .
46 and under 4 7 ...........

1
1

42.0 48.6 35.2

1

Total.......................
Average wage per
hour (cents)........

1
1

1
13

261

WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES,

IN EACH OCCUPATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Continued.
BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
ELECTROTYPERS: Males—Concluded.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in Mil­
Salt
Mem­ wau­ Min- New New Phila­ Pitts- Provi­ Rich­ St. Lake Fran­ Se­
del­
Or­
phis. kee. olis. leans. York. phia. burgh. dence. mond. Louis. City. cisco. attle.

ing- Total.
ton.

1
12
1

3

1
1
9

1
5
8
1
2
1
2

18

13

20

45

9

4

3

9

9

2

320

5 2 .1

38.9

4 1.4

6 3.2

5 0 .1

44.7

4 1.0

49.3

4 2 .1

59.4

5 7.3

46.5

IMPOSERS: Males.

1
2

1

4

32

45.4

4 5 .1

LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Males.
2
1
2
2
1

1
1
2
1

3
5
3

1

1

1

1
6

3

j

;
•

1

1

1
1




i

3
3

1
1

1

1

4

4

i

15

1

262

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

1.—CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR
ROLLS—
BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Malea-Concluded.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in-

Classification of wages
per hour (cents).

f»3
under M...........
itt and under 5 5 ...........
55 and under 56................
56 and under 57................
57and under 58........ .
58 and under 59...............
59 and under 60................
60 and under 61................
61 and under 6 2 ...........
62 and under 63................

Indi­ Kan­
Bir­
At­
Chi­ Cin­
De­
lan­ Balti­ ming­ Bos­ Buf­ cago. cin­ Cleve­ Den­ troit. an- sas
more. ham. ton. falo.
land. ver.
City.
nati.
ta.
T

1

1

2

7

2
6
2

1
1

6
1

2

1

1
2

21

1

64 and under 65........ .......
65 and under 66. . .............
66and under 6 7 ...........
67 and under 68........ .......
68 and under 69................

11

4

4
1

1

1
1

72 and under 73................
73 and under 74................
77 and under 78................
85 and under 86................
89 and under 90................
7
Total.......................
16
Average wage per
hour (cents)........ 50.9 44.6

3

7

18

42.5

58.6

51.0

9

7

33

59.7 54.6 62.1

9

11

55.9 59.4

LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Females.
27 and under 28................
35 and under 36................
36 and under 37...............
41 and under 42................
50 and under 51................

2

51 and under 52................
53 and under 54................
56 and under 5 7 ..............
59 and under 60...............

1

61 and under 62...............
62 and under 63................
63 and under 64................
80 and under 81................
Total.......................
Average wage per
hour (cents)........

2

1

36.7

59.4

MAKERS-UP: Males.
31 and under 32..
33 and under 34..
30 and under 37..
37 and under 38..
39 and under 40. .
40 and under 41..
41 and under 42..
42 and under 43..
43 and under 44..
44 and under 45..




WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOB IN PBINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

263

IN EACH OCCUPATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FBOM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Continued.
BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
LINOTYPE OPERATORS.* Males—Concluded.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in Salt San
Mil- Min­
Mem­ wau- neap­ New New Phila­ Pitts- Provi­ Rich­ St. Lake Franingdel­
attle. ton. Total.
phis. kee. olis, Or- York. phia. burgh. dence. mond. Louis. City.
9

10

3
13
2
14
12
23
5
31
2
5
10
2
5
3
1
1
1
1
1

7

58.4

3

4

62.5 54.1




63.3

14

5

55.1

56.6

52.6

7

4

53.7 63.6

2

14

62.0 87.5

7

54.7

56.8

264

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

1.— CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR

ROLLS—

BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
MAKERS-UP: Males—Concluded.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage inClassification of wages
per hour (cents).

Indi­ Kan­
At­
Bir­
Chi­ Cin­
De­
lan­ Balti­ ming­ Bos­ Buf­ cago. cin­ Cleve­ Den­ troit. an- sas
ta. more. ham. ton. falo.
nati. land. ver.
City.
a
r

45 and under 46................
46 and under 47................
47 and under 48................
48 and under 49................
60 and under 61................

3

62 and under 63................
64 and under 66................
66 and under 66................
66 and under 57...............
67 and under 68................

2

1

1

3

1

8

1

1

1

3

2
1
3

1

1

2

1

1

1
1

1
1

60 and under 61................
62 and under 63................
4
2
6
12
Total.......................
Average wage per
hour (cents)........ 43.7 40.7 41.7 47.7

13

16

10

7

1

47.7

44.3

47.4

49.6

45.8

MARBLERS: Males.
38 and under 3 9 .............
40 and under 4 1 ...............
41 and under 42................

1

Total.......................
Average wage per
hour (cents)........

1

1

1

38.9

40.6

MONOTYPE KEYBOARD OPERATORS: Males.
31 and under 32................
33 and under 34...............
39 and under 40................
40 and under 41................
43 and
44..............

1
1

46 ftnd under 46................
46 ftnd under 47................
47 and under 48................
49 and under 60................
60
iiTiflftr 61................

1
1

62 and under 6 3 ..............
63 and under 54................
54 and under 66................
56 and under 66................
66 and under 57................
57 and under 58....... .
58 and under 69................
69 and under 60................
C and under 6 1 ..........
O
62 and under 63................

1

3

2

1
3

1
1

1
1

64 and
6 5 ..........
65 and under 66................
66 and p fla r 67...............
67 and imHAr 6 8 ..........
68ftnfl nnriftr 6 9 .;........

1

3
1

2

2
1

1
1

1

72 and under 73......... .
85 and
86...............
Total.......................
Average wage per
hour (cents)........




2

10

4

5

60.4

57.0

60.7

60.3

1

2

55.0 60.0 64.6

4

4a o

3

WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOB IN PBINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

265

IN EACH OCCUPATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Continued.
BOOK AND JOB—Continued.




266

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

1.—CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR
ROLLS—
BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
MONOTYPE KEYBOARD OPERATORS: Females.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—

Classification of wages
per hour (cents).

29 and
30................
31 and under 32................
32 and under 33................
33 and under 34................
34 and under 35........... .

Indi­
Bir­
At­
Kan­
Chi­ Cin­
De­
lan­ Balti­ ming­ Bos­ Buf­ cago. cin­ Cleve­ Den­ troit. an- sas
more. ham. ton. falo.
land. ver.
nati.
ta.
City.
r

1

4
3
1

35 and under 36..............
36 and under 3 7 ..........
37 and under 3 8 ..............
39 and under 40................
42................
41 and

1
1
2

44 and
4 5 ..........
45 and under 46................
50 and under 5 1 .............
64 and vendor 5 5 ..........
56 said under 57................
62 and under 63................
Total.......................
Average wage per
hour (cents)........

8

1

3

1

33.2

41.7

41.6

31.5

PRESSMEN, CYLINDER: Males.
TJnder 25............
26 and under 27...
27 and under 28...
29 and under 30..
30 and under 31..
31 and under 32..
32 and under 33..
33 and under 34..
34 and under 35..
35 and under 36..
36 and under 37..,
37 and under 38...
38 and under 39...
39 and under 40..
40 and under 41..
41 and under 42..
42 and under 43..
43 and under 44..
44 and under 45..
45 and under 46..
46 and under 47..
47 and under 48..
48 and under 49..
49 and under 50..
50 and under 51..
52 and under 53..
53 and under 54..
54 and under 55..
55 and under 56..
56 and under 57..
57 and under 58..
58 and under 59..
61 and under 62..
62 and under 63..
63 and under 64..




WAGES AND HOUBS OP LABOB IN PBINTING AND BINDING TBADES.

267

IN EACH OCCUPATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Continued.
BOOK AND JOB—Continued.




268

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOB STATISTICS.

T a b le

1.—CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR
ROLLS—
BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESSMEN, CYLINDER: Males—Concluded.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—

Classification of wages
per hour (cents).

Indi- Kan­
AtBir­
Chi­ Cin­
De­
lan- Balti­ ming­ Bos­ Buf­ cago. cin­ Cleve­ Den­ troit. an- sas
land. ver.
more. ham. ton. falo.
ta.
nati.
City.
* r

64 and tinder 65................
65 and under 66................
66 and under 67................
67 and under 68................
68 and under 69................
72 and under 73................
73 and under 74................
74 and under 75................
76 and under 77................
85 and under 86................
Total......................
24 105
32
7
17
3
67
Average wage per
hour (cents)........ 34.2 38.5 43.0 49.3 43.8 48.0 39.0

22

8

13

44.1

55.0

44.1

4

1

13

12

46.0 46.5

PRESSMEN, PLATEN: Males.
3
1
1
1

Under 25..........................
25 and under 26........... .
26 fttid under 27................
27 and under 28................
28 ftTid under 29................
29 and under 30................
30 and under 31................
31 and under 32................
32 and under 33................
33 and under 34................
34 and under 35................
35 and under 36................
36 and under 37................
37 and under 38................
38 and under 39................

1

1

1

1

1
1

1
1

1
1
1

2
2

1

1

1

1
2
1




3
1

1

1
1
1

1
5
1
1

1

1
16

1

2

1

52 and under 53................
56 and yindflr 5 7 ...........
2
7
Total.......................
Average wage per
hour (cents)........ 34.0 25.3

1

1

2

45 and under 46................
46 and under 47................
47 and under 48................
49 and under 50................
50and under 51......... .

1

3

6

& and under 40................
9
40 and under 41................
41 and under 42................
43 and under 44................
44 and under 45................

1

6

38.2 31.3

7

1
5

37.2 33.1

3

7

5

1

29.3 36.6 33.4

48.1

41.7

10

8

WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

269

IN EACH OCCUPATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Continued.
BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESSMEN, CYLINDER: Males—Concluded.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage i n Mil­ Min­
Salt San
Mem­ wau­ neap­ New New Phila­ Pitts­ Provi­ Rich­ St.
Se­ Wash­
Or­
phis. kee. olis. leans. York. del­ burgh. dence. mond. Louis. Lake Fran­ attle. ing­ Total.
ton.
phia.
City. cisco.
5
2
4
17
3
20
2
4

12
1

3

13

9

3

75

130

20

12

34

50.0 43.2 45.1

35.4

53.4

62.3

43.3

40.8

47.5




PRESSMEN, PLATEN: Males.

4

15

664

54.2 50.4

51.0

49.9

8

270

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

1.— CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR

ROLLS—
BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESSMEN IN CHARGE: Males.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—
Classification of wages
per hour (cents).

41 and under 42................
45 and under 46.. .............
48 and under 49...............
50 and under 51................
52 and under 53................
55 and under 56................
57 and under 58................
58 and under 50................
66 an^ under 67...............

Indi­ Kan­
At­
Bir­
Chi­ Cin­
De­
lan­ Balti­ ming­ Bos­ Buf­ cago. cin­ Cleve­ Den­ troit. an- sas
ta. more. ham. ton. falo.
nati. land. ver.
City.
a
r
1

2

1

1
1

1

1

2
1

68 and under 69.1.............
72 and under 73...............
83 ft-T under 84...............
id
93
under 94................

1
2

t

Total.......................
2
3
6
1
Average wage per
hour (cents)........ 51.9 ........ 57.3 ........ ........ 90.3 54.5

2
49.5

PROOF READERS: Males.
1

29 and under 30................
31 and under 3 2 ...........
32 and under 3 3 .............
33 and under 34................
35 and under 36...............
36 and under 37................
37 and under 38................
38 and under 39................
40 a iri under 41................
-T
41 fynd under 4 2...............

1
1

52 ftttd under 53................
53 p fl under 54................
54 and under 55................
55 and under 5 6 ...............
56 and under 57................

2
1

1

42 and under 43...............
43
under 4 4 ...........
44 and under 4 5 ..............
45 and under 46................
46
under 47................
47 and under 48................
48 and under 49................
49 an<1 under 50...............
50 and under 51...............
51 and under 52................

1

1

1
1

1
1

4
3
2
1

1

2

1
1

1

3
1
1

1
1
1

3
1

1

1

3

2
3
1

2
1

1

57 and under 58................
60 and under 61................
62 and under 63................
66 and under 67................
67 and under 68................

1

1

1
1

72 and under 73................
Total.......................
6
1
8
3
2
Average wage per
hour (cents)....... 42.2 39.5 43.8 47.6 41.2




12

6

5

1

7

6

3

44.4

46.4

54.4

54.2

46.7

49.4

43.8

WAGES AND HOUBS OP LABOR IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

271

IN EACH OCCUPATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Continued.
BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PRESSMEN IN CHARGE: Males.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—
Salt
Mil­ Min­
Mem­ wau­ neap­ New New Phila­ Pitts­ Provi­ Rich­ St. Lake Fran­ Se­ Wash­
Or­
del­
ing­
phis. kee. olis. leans. York. phia. burgh. dence. mond. Louis. City. cisco. attle. ton. Total.

1

1

2

1

21

60.0

68.8

93.8

72.9

65.4




272
T a b le

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOB STATISTICS.
I.—CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR
ROLLS—
BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PROOF READERS: Females.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in-

Classification of wages
per hour (cents).

Under 25...................
25 and under 2 6 ......... #9 fiTjd unde* 30...............
$0 fl-nd wide* 3 1 .........31 and under 32.

Indi­ Kan­
At­
Bir­
Chi­ Cin­
De­
lan­ Balti­ ming­ Bos­ Buf­ cago. cin­ Cleve­ Den­ troit. an- sas
ta. more. ham. ton. falo.
nati. land. ver.
1ST City.

1

1

1

1
1

33 and under 34...............
34and under 35...............
35 and under 36...............
36 and under 37................
37 and under 38...............

2
•

1
3

38 and under 39...............
41 and under 42...............
42 ar>d under 4 3 ............
43 and under 44................
44
under 45...............

2
2
1
3

45 and under 46................
46 and under 47...............
47 and under 48................
50 and under 51...............
52 and under 53................

2
1
1

54 and under 55...............
55 and under 56................
57 and under 5 8 .......__
58 and under 59................
61 and under 62........ .

1
1
5

1
1

1
2
Total.......................
Average wage per
hour (cents)........ 29.6 34.0

1

1

1

49.1 25.9

20.8

46.0

6

20
42.7

STEREOTYPERS: Males.
43 and under 44...............
50 and under 5 1 ..........
62 and under 63................

2
2

Total.......................
Average wage per
hour (cents)........

50.0
MISCELLANEOUS : Males.
22
11
5
16
5

1
2

4
13
14 and under 15................
8
15 and under 16................
10
11
2
16 and under 17................
17 and under 18................
2
8
4
................
18 and under 19
3

2
1

Under 10..........................
10 and under 11................
11 and under 12................
12 and under 13................
13 and under 14................

19 and under 20................
20 and under 21................
21 and under 22................
22 and under 23................
23 and under 24................




1
2
2
2

5
i
4

4
8
4
10
1

1
1

2

1
7
1
12

5
8

14
2
9

3
1
1

7

5

2
14

5
1
2 *” i2*

3

8

1
1

5
12
12
6
15

3

17
2
96
3
65

9
4
16
4
18

5
3
9
1
10

2
2
54
24
1
42 '* 2 2 '
4

8
5
1

13
3
5

2
3

4

2

7
2

5
1
11
4
6
1

4

6
2
1
3
6

5

5

7

5

1

7

7
1

1
1
9

5
1
6

1

WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOB IN PBINTING AND BINDING TBADES.

273

IN EACH OCCUPATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Continued.
BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
PROOF READERS: Females.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—
Wash­
Mil­ Min­
Salt San
Mem­ wau­ neap­ New New Phila­ Pitts­ Provi­ Rich­ St. Lake Fran­
ing­
Or­
del­
phis. kee. olis. leans. York. phia. burgh. dence. mond. Louis. City. cisco. attte. ton. Total.
5

2

2

10

1
2
1
1

1
1
1

2
3
1
1
5

1

1
1

1

1

2

1

4

1
1
4
1

1
1
3
1
10
2

1

1
1

1

4

1
1
1
1
1

1

1

7

6

6

4

4

1

61

.45.8

51.9

42.4

24.7

28.7

27.9

43.8

S9.7

STEREOTYPERS: Males.
5
1

5
2
1

5

1

8

43.8

62.5

47.7

MISCELLANEOUS: Males.

30061°—Bull. 194-16------18




274

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le 1 .— CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR

ROLLS—

BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
MISCELLANEOUS: Male&-Continued.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage inClassification of wages
par hour (cents).

24and under2S................
25 and un<1er26.
26 and under 27........
27 and under 28...... .........
and under 29................
29and under30...
30 and under 31...........
31 and under 32........ .
32 and under 33... ............
33and under 3 4 ..............

Indi­ Kan­
Bir­
At­
Chi­ Cin­
De­
lan­ Balti­ ming­ Bos­ Buf­ cago. cin­ Cleve­ Den­ troit. an- sas
more. ham. ton. falo.
nati. land. ver.
ta.
City.
a
r

1

1

39 and under 40... - ..........
40 and under 41................
41 and under 42................
42 and under 43................
43 and under 44................

1

49 and under 50................
50 and under 51................
51 and under 5 2 .............
52 and under 53..............
53 and under 54................
54 and under 55................
55 and under 56................
56 and under 57................
57 and under 58................
58 and under 59................
59 and under 60................
60 and under 61................
61 and under 62................
62 and under 63................
63 and under 64................
64 and under 65................
65 and under 66................
66 and under 67................
67 and under 68................
68 and under 69................
69 and under 70................
70 and under 71................
71 and under 72................
72 and under 73................
73 and under 74................

2

4
1
1
2

34and under35........
35 and under 36.
3Aand nnd^r 37. , , . r. I1<tl
37andiinde?38... ..........
38 and under 3 9 . .

44 and under 45................
45 and under 46................
46 and under 47. . . . . . . . . .
47 and under 48...............
48 and under 49................

9
1
3

8
2
1

2
1

18

20
1
17
16
44

2




9

2

3
1

3
26

1

1

19
3

7

1
3
2
1
1

1
1

3
2

2
1
3

1
1

1

3

4

2

5
1
2

1

2
2

1
1

1

5
2
3

1

4

7

1
3

1
1

1

1

2
1
4

3
2

3

1

1

1

2
1

1
2

1

8

10
58
9
18
2

4
6
1
4

8
14
7
2
14

7
27
2
3
1

2

1

7

3

20

2

10

27

10

2

3
20
39
17
6

1
1
1
2

1
5
1
8

7
3
3
3
3

3

1

1

1

4
2
2

1
1
1

3

1

1

1

1
4

3

1

8

1
5
3
2

3
2

3
1

2

3

3
1

5

1

6
2
1

3

1

4

2

2
1

3

1
2
1
1

1
1

2
3

1

1

2

4

6

1

8

1

1
2

1

1

2

2

2
2
1

1

1

4

2

2
5

1
1
4
1
1

3

5

1
3

3
1
1
2

1

........ i.........

1

1

1

1
1
i

14

8
4
1
3
1

1

1

2
1
2

3

2
2

1

1
1
5
1

4

20

3

4
3
3
1
3

14
7

9

3

3
1

3
6

5

1

74 and under 75................
75 and under 76................
76 and under 77................
77 and under 78................
78 and under 79................
79 and under 80................
80 and under 81................
83 and under 84................
84 and under 85................
85 and under 86. . —..........

7

31
4
23
5

1

1
1

2

1

5
1

1

1

275

WAGES AND HOTJBS OF LABOB IN PBINTING AND BINDING TBADES.

IN EACH OCCUPATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Continued.
BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
MISCELLANEOUS: Males-Continued.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—
Mil­ Min­
Salt San
Mem­ wau­ neap­ New New Phila­ Pitts­ Provi­ Rich­ St. Lake Fran­ Se­ Wash­ Total.
del­
Or­
ing­
phis. kee. olis. leans. York. phia. burgh. dence. mond. Louis. City. cisco. attle. ton.

5
i
2

9
2
3
7
2
1
1

4
4
1
1
3
22
3
1
1

1
1

15

2

6

10
9
17
1
14

14

1
1

1

1
1

1

1

2

1
2
1
2

1
105
1
15
2
6

1
1
1

12
1
2
2

1

6

1
3
1

1
9

1
6

2
2

1

3
11
1
8
1

1

6

4

66

1

7

3

2

4

7
1
40
1

2

1

73
5
3

3

5

1

2

2

2

4

*i

4

l
i

6

1
2

10

2

1

3

7

1

1

2

3
2

2
1

3

6

1
1
1
1

2
2

2

2
1
1

1

1
1

1

1

1

4

2

1

2

2

3
1
1
1

2

3

1
1
1

1

2

3

1
1

1

1

I

1




1

1

1
1

1

1

1
1
3

3

3

2
3

1

1

1

2

1

1

2

2

1

1

3

2

111
77
223
27
151
38

211

47
138
16

121

15
64
8
30

27
7
37
12
27
4
8
6
82
1
7
3
12
8
12
2
5
3

3
5
2
3
5

1

1

1

28
140
61

7
31
9
54
4

1

6
1
6

40

250

7
35
13

1

1
2
1

2
6

1
3

2
1

6
1
3

17

3

3

2

7

2

1

4

4

16

5

1
2
2

3

2

15
1
3

1

4
1
2
3

5

1
4

1
1

3

1
1
12

3
1
5

1

2

1

1

1

1
2

2
1

11
34
5
U
25

2

11
5
3

1

3
28
1
10
2

1

1

1
2
25
1
1

276

BULLETIN OF THE BUBEAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e 1.— CLASSIFIED AND AVERAGE RATES OF WAGES PER HOUR

ROLLS—

BOOK AND JOB—Concluded.
MISCELLANEOUS: Males—Concluded.

Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—
Classification of wages
per hour (cents).

Indi­ Kan­
Bir­
AtCin­
lan- Balti­ ming­ Bos­ Buf­ Chi­ cin­ Cleve­ Den­ De­ an- sas
ta. more. ham. ton. falo. cago. nati. land. ver. troit.
«• City.

89and under 9 0 ...............
92 and under 93................
93 and under 94................
96 and und^r 97................
98 and under 99................

1

100and over....................

1

1
1

1
1

1

1
1

4

Total.......................
59 190
29 331 139 648 202
Average wage per
hour (cents)....... 28.4 22.7 27.8 30.6 34.7 27.5 27.0

168
32.4

1
128

161

25

35.6 33.5

32.8

30.1

71

MISCELLANEOUS: Females.
1

Under 10..........................
10 and under 11...... .
ii and under 1 2 . T
12 and under 13.., T
,
13 &nd unde*
- - r........

3
1
9

8
4
4
7
8

2
1

14and under 1 5 ...,.-.-,-15 and under 16... -, -, -, - r
16and tinder 17. . . t, - , , , - t
17 and under 18................
18 ftnfl under 19................

5
6
1
3
1

3
7
5
7
7

3

19 ftnfl under 20................
20 and under 21................
21 and under 22...........
22 and under 23...............
23 and under 24................
24 and under 25................
25 and under 26................
26 and under 27...............
27 and under 28................
28and under 2 9 ...........

6
2
2

3
1
1
5
1

5
2
14
4
19
8
27
8
19
37
54
14
73
3
11
12
4
20
5

1
1

38
30
62
34
46

2
18
10
20

4
iJ*
2

8
3
2

86
24
52
22
41

18
5
14
6
11

9
4
17
5
34

30
51
19
27
18

3
1
3

7
1
2

1
1

1

6

13

8
2
1
1
2

43
21
12
14
13

3
2

2
1
5
7
12
5
14
8
7
3
12
5

17
14
13
3
7

2
6
4
5
1

5
3
3
1
5

6
1

2

2
1
2
1

28
11
1

1

39 and under 40................
40and under4 1 ...........
41 and under 42................
42 and under 43................
43 and under 44................

1
1
3

1

1

34 and under 35................
35 and under 36................
36and under 3 7 ...............
37and under 3 8 ...........
38 and under 39................

5
1
2
4

4

1

12
4
5
3
6

4
4
1
1

29and under 3 0 ...........
30 and under 31................
31 and under 32........ .
32 and under 33........ .
33 and under 34................

1

6
2
2
2
4

1

2
2
1

44 and under 45................
45 and under 46................
46 and under 47................
47 and under 48................
52 and under 53................




1

2

1
1

1
1

60 and under 61................
61 and under 62................
62and under 63................
72 and under 73................
93 and under 94................
71
Total.......................
33
Average wage per
hour (cents)........ 15.6 15.3

4
2

399

43

768

115

14.9 22.4

17

15.5

19.0

15.4

22

89

60

7

17.6 22.3

106

17.8

19.0

18.9

277

WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES*

IN EACH OCCUPATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY
Concluded.
BOOK AND JOB—Concluded.
MISCELLANEOUS: Males—Concluded.
Number of employees receiving each classified wage in—
Mil­ Min­
Salt San
Mem­ wau­ neap­ New New Phila­ Pitts­ Provi­ Rich­ St. Lake Fran­ Se­ Wash­ Total.
ing­
Or­
del­
phis. kee. olis. leans. York. phia. burgh. dence. mond. Louis. City. cisco. attle. ton.
1
1

3

3

2
1
10
1
1

1

1
i

3
37
29.3

2

90

39

453

566

118

78

66

28.0 32.1

28.2

30.2

27.5

27.1

29.9

24.1

119

2
34

39

19

31.7 30.0

36.7

37.6

302

17

85 4,196
29.2

29.4

3
1
5
1

122
116
137
225
151

2
1
39
6
22

286
175
358
103
279

1
4
1
2
2

89
221
78
178
34

2

63
89
29
52
34

MISCELLANEOUS: Females.
1

3

10
2
6
1
3
3

1
9
1

1
1

2
1

28
6
13
6
12

26
3
24
4
27

37
57
68
12
21

11
27
10
1
10

4
13
5
11
3

3
2

6
10
10
6
4

4
3
6
17

5
3

11
5
5
3
5

7
37
3
27
7

1
1

1
37
10
24
5

3
5
1
5
8

12
1
5

4
6
.2
1

13
6
11
25
8

2
3

3
1

4
3

3
5
2
44
3

9
5

1
1
2
1
2

8
5
11
2
2

15
4
9
4
3

7
3
45
3
31

2
1
2
1

4

2
1

1

7

2

3
1
1
1

2

1

1

1
1

5
1

1

2

5

1

8

1

1

2

1

3

1

1

1

1

1

3

1

5

U
11
7
9
6

3
2
1

2

54
19
34
7
21

-

10
5
1
1
2

1
1

2
3
1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1
1
1
1

1

19

88

44

10

314

288

136

38

99

111

15

17.2

12.9

18.0

13.4

20.0

17.4

14.1

16.2

14.1

16.9

15.3




24

19

22.8 21.4

95 3,030
17.8

18.3

278

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e %.— FULL-TIME HOURS OF LABOR PER WEEK IN EACH OCCU

NEWSPAPER.
COMPOSITORS: Daywork, Males.
Number of employees whose full-time hours per
Full-time hours per week.

1

At­ Balti­ Bir­ Bos­ Buf­ Chi­ Cin­ Cleve­ Den­ De­ Indi­ Kan­
cin­
sas
lanta. more. ming­ ton. falo. cago. nati. land. ver. troit. anap­ City.
ham.
olis.
2

4

3
14

42.....................................
44.....................................
45.....................................
46.....................................
47.....................................
48.....................................
49.....................................
51.....................................
56.....................................

13

9

6

7

112
12

13

Total.......................

5

8

9

20

9

114

11

12

13

11

16

14

10

10

13

10

16

30

13

10

24

15

24

23

15

12

11

23

35

8

12

35

8

COMPOSITORS: Nightwork, Males.
42.....................................
44.....................................
45.....................................
451....................................
48.....................................
49*....................................
TOtftl.... ..TT..T1T.T

15

10

92

15
20

12
12

42
15

10

92

36

15

20

42

51

15

20

20

ELECTROTYPERS: Daywork, Males.
48.....................................
IMPOSERS: Daywork, Males.
48.....................................
IMPOSERS: Nightwork, Males.
48.....................................

4
LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Daywork, Males.

42.....................................
45.....................................
46.....................................
48.....................................
49.....................................
51.....................................
Total............. ........




21 |

8

*

80

9 ........ i.........

10
21

17

21

18

21.

17

21

18

25

24

30

25

24

30

........ !.........
9

21

8

80

i Job work in newspaper office.

10

WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

279

PATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY ROLLS.
NEWSPAPER.
COMPOSITORS: Daywork, Males.
week were those stated in column 1, in—
Salt San
Mil­ Min­
Mem­ wau­ neap­ New New Phila­ Pitts­ Provi­ Rich­ St. Lake Fran­ Se­ Wash­ Total
Or­
del­
phis* kee. olis. leans. York. phia. burgh. dence. mond. Louis. City. cisco. attle. ing­
ton.
14

15

16

17

19

18

20

21

6
4

22

23
4

65

30

14

1

15

30

10

26
44

27

10

32

2
9

2

65

52

28

49

1

38

1
4

25

37

2
15

24

1
10

32

6

37

9

44

49

238
2
100
37
236
38
655

ELECTROTYPERS: Daywork, Males.
29

7

36

IMPOSERS: Daywork, Males.

..........

2 .................................................................................................................................................................




IMPOSERS: Nightwork, Males.

2

280

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

2.— FULL-TIME HOURS OF LABOR PER WEEK IN EACH OCCU
NEWSPAPER—Continued.
LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Nightwork, Males.
Number of employees whose full-time hours per

Full-time hours per week.

1

At­ Balti­ Bir­ Bos­ Buf­ Chi­ Cin­ Cleve­ Den­ De­ Indi­ Kan­
cin­
sas
lanta. more. ming­ ton. falo. cago. nati. land. ver. troit. anap­ City.
ham.
olis.
2

20

5

10

70

6

20

Total.......................

4

28

42......................................
45.....................................
45ft....................................
48.....................................
49}....................................
56......................................

3

7

8

9

5

10

70

11

12

32

76

26

47

37

76

26

51
20

31

20

51

31

20

LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Daywork, Females.
42......................................
48......................................
Total.......................

.........
1 ........ 1
........ i.........
I........
1

2
2

LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Nightwork, Females.
42......................................
45......................................
48......................................

2

Total.......................

2
MAKERS-UP: Daywork, Males.

45......................................
48......................................

1

Total.......................

1

MONOTYPE KEYBOARD OPERATORS: Nightwork, Males.




2
C
O

Total.......................

C
O

42......................................
45.....................................
48.................................... .

13

20

47
28

10

2

2
2

281

WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN PRINTING AND BINDING TBADES.

PATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY ROLLS—Contd.
NEWSPAPER—Continued.
LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Nightwork, Males.
week were those stated in column 1, in—
Mil­ Min­
Salt San
Mem- wau­ neap­ New New Phila­ Pitts­ Provi­ Rich­ St. Lake Fran­ Se­ Wash­ Total
ing­
Or­
del­
phis. kee. olis. leans. York. phia. burgh. dence. mond. Louis. City. cisco. attle. ton.
14

15

16

17
21

16

30

30

20

154

17

21

154

21

23

22

13
67
25
6

17

16

19

18

20

98

20

10

13

10

24

25

26

27

28

40

28
11

46

220
215
11
475
25
6

40

.46

952

12

39

12

LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Daywork, Females.

LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Nightwork, Females.
1
1

1

1
1
2

1

4
MAKERS-UP: Daywork, Males.

4

3
5
3

20
7

6

5

1

22

6

4

22

3

4

27

3

4

1

4

12

46
30
12
80
7

4

12

175

3

5

28
40
80
4

3

5

152

»
12
12

1
1

MAKERS-UP: Nightwork, Males.

3

3

4

3

3

4

24

24

19
4

4

23

4

3

3

2
2

8

8

3
3

MONOTYPE KEYBOARD OPERATORS: Daywork, Males.

MONOTYPE KEYBOARD OPERATORS: Nightwork, Males.




3
U
2

9
9

16
•

282

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le 2.— FULL-TIME HOURS OF LABOR PER WEEK IN EACH OCCU

NEWSPAPER—Continued.
PRESSMEN, WES: Daywork, Males.
Number of employees whose full-time hours per
Full-time hours per week.

At­ Balti­ Bir­ Bos­ Buf­ Chi­ Cin­ Cleve­ Den­ De­ Indi­ Kan­
cin­
sas
lanta. more. ming­ ton. falo. cago. nati. land. ver. troit. anap­ City.
ham.
olis.

10

8

11

12

13

108

42.
45.
48.
49.
54.
55.
56.

12

14

19

16

18

19

16

18

15

22

16

15

22

13
Total.

2

12

108

17

14

19

PRESSMEN, WEB: Nightwork, Males.
8

30.
36.
t.....................................
38.
41.
►
42.

1

.....................................
1
43.
;§....................................
43*
45.
\
\
46* ....................................
r
47.

10

57

13

19

14

7
10

27

16

98

|
.....................................
48.
1
......................................
49.
; ....................................
I
..
U :::
54.

6

Total.......................

6

3

13

1

173

10

27

19

14

10

PRESSMEN IN CHARGE: Daywork, Males.
88.....................................
42.....................................
48.....................................
49......................................
54......................................
56......................................

1

3

1

Total.......................

1

3

1




14

4

1
5

2

3

4

3

4

6

2

3

4

3

3
14

3

PRESSMEN IN CHARGE: Nightwork, Males.

283

WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOB IN PBINTING AND BINDING TBADES.

PATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY ROLLS—Contd.
NEWSPAPER—Continued.
PRESSMEN, WEB: Daywork, Males.
week were those stated in column 1, in—
Salt San
Mil­ Min­
Mem­ wau­ neap­ New New Phila­ Pitts­ Provi­ Rich­ St. Lake Fran­ Se­ Wash­ Total.
Or­
del­
phis. kee. olis. leans. York. phia. burgh. dence. mond. Louis. City. cisco. attle. ing­
ton.
14

15

16

17

19

18

21

20

23

22

24

26

25

27

28

1
3

15

4

147

10
15

7

10

17

17

9

37

9

3

17

15
6

110
6
396
6
5
10
23

37

3

17

21

556

2
10

3
3

11

147

23

1

PRESSMEN, WEB: Nightwork, M slcs.
8
45
192
10
41

45
192
3

4

2
15

7

36
2

15

7

2

7
57
90
2
98’

24
5

19

2

12
3

3
3
8

237

36

19

3

5

24

2

4

3
3

142
3
2

15

703

PRESSMEN IN CHARGE: Daywork, Males.

1

1

4

4

........ 1........
........ I.........
21
........
1
*“ T i ........
i
6




1

1
26

10

4

1

2

2

3
1

1
16
80
1
6
4

2

2

4

107

1
27

11

4

1

284

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e &— FULL-TIME HOURS OF LABOR PER WEEK IN EACH OCCU

NEWSPAPER—Continued.
PROOF READERS: Daywork, Males.
Number of employees whose full-time hours per
Full-time hours per week.

1

At­ Balti­ Bir­ Bos­ Buf­ Chi­ Cin­ Cleve­ Den­ De­ Indi­ Kan­
cin­
sas
lanta. more. ming­ ton. falo. cago. nati. land. ver. troit. anap­ City.
ham.
olis.
3

2

42......................................
45......................................
46............................... ......
48......................................
49......................................
51......................................

3

2

5
3

6

20

9

8

7

2

Total.......................

4

10

3

20

6

12

13

2

6
3

3

11

4

3

4

4
2

3

3

4

3

3

9

5

2

9

5

2

PROOF READERS: Nightwork, Males.
42......................................
4$......................................
48.....................................
49}....................................
Total.......................

6

3

5

2

20
3

5
6

3

20

10

14

6

3

12

14

6

5

5

PROOF READERS: Daywork, Females.
48......................................
49......................................

1

3

Total.......................

1

3

PROOF READERS: Nightwork, Females.
42......................................
48......................................

1

1

Total.......................

1

1




STEREOTYPERS: Daywork, Males.

WAGES AND HOUBS OP LABOR IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

285

PATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY ROLLS—Contd.
NEWSPAPER—Continued.
PROOF READERS: Daywork, Males.
week were those stated in column 1, in—
Mil­ Min­
Salt San
Mem­ wau­ neap­ New New Phila­ Pitts­ Provi­ Rich­ St. Lake Fran­ Se­ Wash­ Total
ing­
Or­
del­
phis. kee. olis. leans. York. phia. burgh. dence. mond. Louis. City. cisco. attle. ton.
14

15

16

17

1

20

21

5

4

4

2

24

26

25

2
2

4

12

4

27
11

45
16
12
40
2
5

6

11

120

6

10

47
76
88
8

6

10

219

1

5
7

10

2

28

6

2
5

2

23

22

7
5

1

19

18

12

1

PROOF READERS: Nightwork, Males.

3

6

6

5

3

6

6

5

58

58

7
8

3

15

3

3

3

2
2

10

10

2
2

PROOF READERS: Daywork, Females.

2
2




2

6
2

2

8
PROOF READERS: Nightwork, Females.

STEREOTYPERS: Daywork, Males.

12

60
60

16

12

12

12

47
.0
4
176
3

286

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
FULL-TIME HOURS OF LABOR PER WEEK IN EACH OCCU

T able

NEWSPAPER—Concluded.
MISCELLANEOUS: Daywork, Males.
Number of employees whose full-time hours per
Full-time hours per week.

1

At­ Balti­ Bir­ Bos­ Buf­ Chi­ Cin­ Cleve­ Den­ De­ Indi­ Kan­
cin­
sas
lanta. more. ming­ ton. falo. cago. n ati land. ver. troit. anap­ City.
ham.
olis.
2

3

42.....................................
44.....................................
45............ ........................
46.....................................
4 7 ...................................

15

48......................................
49.....................................
51.....................................
54.....................................
56......................................

20

5
5

6

83
1

1

20

Total.......................

4

1

6

85

7

8

9

5

19

10

11

12

13

16

25

34

27

30

34

27

25

34

25

34

48.....................................
51.....................................

1

5

3

Total.......................

1

5

3

42.....................................
48.......................... ..........

4

2

T ota l.....................

4

2

* 5
15

24

16

MISCELLANEOUS: Nightwork, Males.

MISCELLANEOUS: Nightwork, Females.




287

WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

PATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY ROLLS—Contd.
NEWSPAPER—Concluded.
MISCELLANEOUS: Daywork, Males.
week were those stated in column 1, in—
Mil­ Min­
Salt San
Mem­ wau­ neap­ New New Phila­ Pitts­ Provi­ Rich­ St. Lake Fran­ Se­ Wash­ Total.
Or­
del­
phis. kee. olis. leans. York. phia. burgh. dence. mond. Louis. City. cisco. attle. ing­
ton.
14

15

16

17

18

20

19

6

1

25

3
16

23

28

34
2
4
40

9

175

25

26
1

175

142

27

28

29
3
1

28

151
1
34
31
1

22

8

3

22

10

18

4
5
16

624
14
24
10
26

22

9

14

50

10

19

58

916

22
6

2
17

107

24

11

7

6
10

22

21

MISCELLANEOUS: Daywork, Females.
3

1

3

1




3

13
3

3

16

MISCELLANEOUS: Nightwoik, Females.
1

1
6

1

7

288

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le £•— FULL-TIME HOURS OF LABOR PER WEEK IN EACH OCCU

BOOK AND JOB.
BOOKBINDERS: Males.
Number of employees whose full-time hours per
Full-time hours per week.

1

Bir­
At­ Balti­ ming­ Bos­ Buf­ Chi­ Cin­ Cleve­ Den­ De­ Indi­ Kan­
cin­
sas
lanta. more. ham. ton. falo. cago. nati. land. ver. troit. anap­ City.
olis;
3

2

5

4

6

7

8

35

13

20
14

1
15

43*....................................
48......................................
49......................................

9

15

50*....................................
51.....................................
52......................................
54......................................

8
3

Total.......................

11

9

10

34

35

12

5
19

*6
6
9

21

35

13

40

48......................................
80|....................................
82......................................
54......................................

9
4

I ll

Total.......................

13

111

17

26

12

34

15

2

3

45

2

BOOKBINDERS: Machine Operators, Females.

1

Total.......................

1
COMPOSITORS: Males.

48......................................

22

Total.......................

22
ELECTROTYPERS: Males.

8
6

12
16

48......................................
54......................................

13

10

BOOKBINDERSi: Machine Operators, Males.




9

11

9

35

24

14

WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

289

PATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY ROLLS—Contd.
BOOK AND JOB.
BOOKBINDERS: Males.
week were those stated in column 1, in—
Mil­ Min­
Salt San
Mem­ wau­ neap­ New New Phila­ Pitts­ Provi­ Rich­ St. Lake Fran­ Se­ Wash­ Total.
del­
Or­
phis. kee. olis. leans. York. phia. burgh. dence. mond. Louis. City. cisco. attle. ing­
ton.
14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

6
4

30

3
15

6

60

53

15

18

9

5

17

12

15

7
30

18

13

60

53

27

6
26
453
15
6
33
14
20

27
4

28

15

18

15

5

17

12

15

573

BOOKBINDERS: Machine Operators, Males.
80

66

6

303
4
12
19

80

66

6

338

BOOKBINDERS: Machine Operators, Females.
4

1

5
1

4

1

6

COMPOSITORS: Females.
3

30061°—Bull. 194—16----- 19




25

3

25

290

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le 3.—FULL-TIME HOURS OF LABOR PER WEEK IN EACH OCCU

BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
IMPOSERS: Males.
Number of employees whose full-time hours per
Full-time hours per week.

At­ Balti­ Bir­ Bos­ Buf­ Chi­ Cin­ Cleve­ Den­ De­ Indi­
cin­
lanta. more. ming­ ton. falo. cago. nati. land. ver. troit. anap­
ham.
olis,

1

10

8

11

48..
49..
50}.
54..
Total.

6

10

LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Males.

48.....................................
49.....................................

2

Total.......................

2

1
1

MAKERS-UP: Males.

48.....................................
52 ....................................

1

Total............. ........

1

1
1

MONOTYPE KEYBOARD OPERATORS: Males.
42......................................
43f....................................
48.....................................
51.................................. .
54.....................................

2

Total......................

2




9

3

1
10

4

5

4

3

1

2

5

4

3

1

2

1

WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

291

PATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FEOM ESTABLISHMENT PAY BOLLS—Contd.
BOOK AND JOB—^Continued.
IMPOSERS: Males.
week were those stated in column 1, in—
Wash­
Salt San
Mil­ Min­
Mem­ wau­ neap­ New New Phila­ Pitts­ Provi­ Rich­ St. Lake Fran­ Se­ ing­ Total
Or­
del­
phis. kee. olis. leans. York. phia. burgh. dence. mond. Louis. City. cisco. attle. ton.
14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

2
2

27

2
..........1
..........
1

4




26

28
23
1
6
32

LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Females.
1

11

13
2

1

11

15

MAKERS-UP: Males.

1

2
1

1

3

292

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le 2.— FULL-TIME HOURS OF LABOR PER WEEK IN EACH OCCU

BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
MONOTYPE KEYBOARD OPERATORS: Females.
Number of employees whose full-time hours per
Full-time hours per week.

A t. Balti­ Bir­ Bos­ Buf­ Chi­ Cin­ Cleve­ Den­ De­ Indi­ K a n ­
lanta. more. ming­ ton. falo. cago. cin­ land. ver. troit. anap­ sas
ham.
nati.
olis, City.
8

48.
49.
51.
54.
Total.




PRESSMEN, CYLINDER: Males.

10

11

12

13

293

WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

PATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY ROLLS—Contd.
BOOK AND JOB—Continued.
MONOTYPE KEYBOARD OPERATORS: Females.
week were those stated in column 1, in—
Mil­ Min­
Salt San
Mem­ wau­ neap­ New New Phila­ Pitts­ Provi­ Rich­ St. Lake Fran­ Se­ Wash­ Total.
Or­
del­
phis. kee. olis. leans. York. phia. burgh. dence. mond. Louis. City. cisco. attle. ing­
ton.
14

15

16

17




19

18
6

20

21

13

22

23

24

25

26

27
2

25
5
1
4

2

35

1
6

13

28

1

294

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le 3 .—FULL-TIME HOURS OF LABOR PER WEEK IN

EACH OCCU

BOOK AND JOB—Concluded.
PROOF READERS: Females.
Number of employees whose full-time hours per
Full-time hoursperweek.
1

At­ Balti­ Bir­ Bos­ Buf­ Chi­ Cin­ Cleve­ Den­ De­ Indi­ Kan­
cin­
sas
lanta. more. ming­ ton. falo. cago. nati. land. ver. troit. anap­ City.
ham.
olis.
3

2

44....................................
48.....................................
49......................................
50}....................................
51.....................................
54.....................................

1

5

6

1

Total..........................

4

7

9

8

8
6
6

1
2

5

6

1

12

11

13

1

20

2

10

1

1

1

1

STEREOTYPERS: Males.
43|....................................
48.....................................

2

Total.......................

2

MISCELLANEOUS: Males.
43f....................................
44.....................................
46}....................................
48.....................................
49......................................
50.....................................
501.........................
51......................................
52.....................................
524.........................
53.....................................
54.....................................
55.....................................
57.....................................

8

42
9

265
64

139

14

43
168

71

127

118

25

25

2

3

190

176

39
22

300

2

1

11

1

59

4

4
242
50

3

.......................
Total.......................

29

104

60..........................
91

65

*
29

331

139

648

202

168

71

128

161

106

22

89

45

MISCELLANEOUS: Females.

31

4 9 ...................................

50.....................................
50}
....................

17

357
26

43

22

Total.......................

33

53
145

15

2

83

3

77
10

11

71

4

35

40

52 ..................................
52}..
....................
54.....................................




68

6

4§i....................................

17

399

390
43

30

768

115

106

22

89

60

7

WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN PRINTING AND BINDING TRADES.

295

PATION, BY CITIES, IN 1915, FROM ESTABLISHMENT PAY ROLLS—Concld.
BOOK AND JOB—Concluded.
PROOF READERS: Females.
week were those stated in column 1, in—
Wash­
Salt San
Mil­ Min­
Mem­ wau­ neap­ New New Phila­ Pitts­ Provi­ Rich­ St. Lake Fran­ Se­ ing­ Total.
Or­
del­
phis. kee. olis. leans. York. phia. burgh. dence. mond. Louis. City. cisco. attle. ton,
14

15

16

17

1

18

20

19

21

22

24

23

25

26

27

28

6

8
41
6
2
1
3

.4

1

4

4

1

61

1

1
7

1

5

4

8

56

7

56
47
4
85 3,235
116

1
i

1

7

6

6

STEREOTYPERS: Males.

5
5
MISCELLANEOUS: Males.

37

119

39
51

25

453

566

44

73

66

204

34

39

19

5

55
104
74
95
2

74

14

3
388
2
3
11

42

1
37

119

90




39

453

566 | 118

78

66

302

34

39

19

85 4,196


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102