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U. S. D E PA R TM E N T OF L A B O R

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
ROYAL MEEKER, Commissioner

BULLETIN OF THE UNITED STATES\
j WHOLE 1 ^ 1
BUREAU OF LABOR STA TIST IC S/ # # * ( NUMBER 1 J 1
W AGES

AND

HOURS

OF

LABOR

S E R IE S :

N o.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES
AND HOURS OF LABOR




1907 TO 1912

AUGUST 15, 1913

WASHINGTON
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
1913

3




CONTENTS.
Union scale of wages and hours of labor, 1907 to 1912:
P
age.
General summary............................................................................................
5-10
Relative hours of labor per week and relative rates of wages per hour, in
certain trades, 1890 to 1907.........................................................................
11-15
T a b l e I.—Union scale of wages and hours of labor in each city, by
trades, on May 15, 1907 to 1912............: ....................................................
16-67
T a b l e II.—Union scale of wages and hours of labor in each trade, by
cities, on May 15, 1907 to 1912................................................................... 68-121
3




The field work in connection with this report has been under the
immediate charge of J. J. Sullivan. The report was prepared and
the field work directed by Fred C. Croxton.
4




BULLETIN OF THE

U. S. BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
w h o l e n o . 131.

WASHINGTON.

a u g u s t 15, 1913.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR,
1907 TO 1912.
GENERAL SUMMARY.

This study shows the union scale of wages and hours of labor for
more than 40 trades in 39 important industrial cities throughout the
United States. The 39 cities covered are those included in the
Bureau's study of retail prices (Bulletins Nos. 105, 106, 108, 110,
113, and 115), and within these cities live one-fifth of the total
number of people in continental United States. Data, as far as
available, are shown for each of the six years, 1907 to 1912.
The wage scales published in this report are all for time rates. In
some localities certain trades have piece-rate scales which it was not
deemed practicable to publish. In other localities there were nominal
time rates which have not been published, as they were not representa­
tive of actual earnings under prevailing piece rates and bonuses.
The trades for which data are presented are listed in the table below.
This table shows the per cent of change in hours per week and in
rates of wages per hour between 1907 and 1912.
For the purpose of computing the per cent of increase or decrease
in hours of labor and rates of wages and also for the purpose of com­
puting relative hours of labor and relative rates of wages for any
trade, the hours of labor and the rate of wages in the particular trade
in 1907 has been considered equal to 100.0. Thus a trade for which
the scale of wages was 25 cents an hour in 1907 and 35 cents an hour
in 1912 shows an advance of 40 per cent, while a trade for which the
scale of wages was 50 cents an hour in 1907 and 60 cents an hour in
1912 shows an advance of 20 per cent. The advance per hour in both
instances was 10 cents, but, by reason of the different level of wages
in 1907, the advance was in the first case 40 per cent and in the second
case 20 per cent.




5

6

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

P E R CENT OF CHANGE IN HOURS OF LABO R PE R W E E K AND RATES OF W AGES
P E R H OU R: 1912 COMPARED W ITH 1907.
[The figures of this table are based on a comparison of the rates of wages on May 15 each year, and the
hours prevailing during the whole year, any change in hours, if for more than three months during the
year, being taken into consideration. The per cent of change for each city was given a weight equal to tha
approximate number of union employees in the trade in that city.]




Occupations.

Per cent of
Per cent of increase in
decrease in wages per
hours per hour: May
week: 1912 15,1912,
compared compared
with 1907. with May
15, 1907.

Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands........................
Bakers, second hands...................
Bakers, third hands......................

17.7
6.6
10.1

22.0
26.6
40.7

Building trades.
Bricklayers.....................................
Building laborers..........................
Carpenters......................................
Cement workers (finishers)..........
Cement workers’ helpers..............
Cement workers’ laborers.............
Gas fitters......................................
Hod carriers...................................
Inside wiremen..............................
Inside wiremen’s helpers..............
Marble setters................................
Painters..........................................
Plasterers.......................................
Plasterers’ laborers........................
Plumbers.......................................
Sheet-metal workers.....................
Steam fitters..................................
Steam fitters’ helpers....................
Stonemasons..................................
Structural iron workers................

2.1
2.5
1.2
1.8
.7
1.4
.1
3.0
1.3
2.6
1.5
1.9
.9
1.0
1.2
1.7
2.0
1.7
1.8
2.7

5.5
6.5
11.1
5.7
16.2
17.5
9.1
5.9
15.4
11.7
5.1
12.6
5.0
8.2
10.7
12.9
13.1
15.1
5.8
11.1

Marble and stone trades.
Granite cutters..............................
Stonecutters...................................

2.0
.5

5.3
1.6

Metal trades.
Blacksmiths...................................
Blacksmiths’ helpers.....................
Boiler makers................................
Boiler makers’ helpers..................
Core makers...................................
Machinists......................................
Molders, iron..................................
Pattern makers, wood...................

2.1
2.2
1.6
2.4
2.3
2.2
1.3
2.8

10.3
16.4
15.6
16.9
13.8
9.6
7.4
8.3

Printing trades, book and job.
11.1
Bookbinders..................................
Compositors, book and jo b ........... No change.
Electrotypers:
4.2
Batterymen and builders......
5.3
Finishers.................................
5.1
Molders....................................
.2
Linotype operators.......................
9.8
Press‘feeders..................................
6.0
Pressmen, cylinder presses..........
5.1
Pressmen, platen presses..............
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, davwork..................
Compositors, nightwork................
Linotype operators, daywork.......
Linotype operators, nightwork...
Pressmen, web presses, daywork.
Pressmen, web presses, nightwork
Stereotypers, daywork.................
Stereotypers, nightwork...............

.5
.1
.4
.3
1.5
1.5
1.7
1.6

16.8
10.0
17.5
12.8
12.7
7.0
22.6
21.0
14.8
10.4
6.1
8.6
5.9
12.1
9.1
9.1
9.0

7

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.

The next table shows the course of hours per week and rates of
wages per hour during the period from 1907 to 1912, inclusive. For
each trade the hours per week and the rate of wages per hour in 1907 ,
are considered the base or 100.0. In arriving at the relative hours or
rate of wages per hour for each trade, the relative for each city was
first computed and then the relatives for all cities included were
combined by giving to the relatives for each city a weight equal to the
approximate number of union employees in the trade in the city.
The approximate number of union employees in 1911 was used for
1907 to 1911, inclusive, and the approximate number in 1912 was
used for 1912.
RE LA TIV E HOURS OF LABOR PE R W E E K AND R E LATIVE RATES OF WAGES PER
HOUR, COMPUTED FROM UNION SCALES, 1907 TO 1912.
[In computing relative hours, comparison was made of the hours for each year, taking into consideration
any change of hours provided for in the union scale if for more than three months during the year. In
commuting the relative rates of wages, comparison was made of the rate on May 15 of each year. The
relative number for each city was given a weight equal to the approximate number of union employees in
the trade in that city.]
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first
hands.
Year.

1907...........................
1908...........................
1909...........................
1910...........................
1911...........................
1912...........................

Bakers, sec­
ond hands.

Building trades.
Bakers, third
hands.

Bricklayers.

Building la­
borers.

Rela­
tive
nomi­
nal
hours
per
week.

Rela­
tive
rate of
wages
per
hour.

Rela­
tive
nomi­
nal
hours
per
week.

Rela­
tive
rate of
wages
per
hour.

Rela­
tive
nomi­
nal
hours
per
week.

Rela­
tive
rate of
wages
per
hour.

Rela­
tive
nomi­
nal
hours
per
week.

Rela­
tive
rate of
wages
per
hour.

Rela­
tive
nomi­
nal
hours
per
week.

100.0
95.7
92.3
88.6
85.0
82.3

100.0
103.5
106.7
110.9
115.4
122.0

100.0
99.4
99.2
98.2
96.9
93.4

100.0
102.1
107.7
113.1
118.9
126.6

100.0
98.8
98.7
97.6
96.9
89.9

100.0
106.6
111.5
119.4
127.7
140.7

100.0
100.0
99.8
98.2
97.9
97.9

100.0
100.7
102.3
103.9
104.0
105.5

100.0
100.0
99.8
97.5
97.5
97.5

Rela­
tive
rate of
wages
per
hour.
100.0
100.7
101.1
104.5
104.6
106.5

Building trades—Continued.

Carpenters.

1907...........................
1908...........................
1909...........................
1910...........................
1911...........................
1912...........................

100.0
99.9
99.8
99.3
98.8
98.8

100.0
101.2
102.8
106.7
108.6
111.1

Cement work­
ers (finishers).
100.0
99.1
99.1
99.0
98.2
98.2

100.0
99.9
101.8
103.0
105.7
105.7

Cement work­
ers’ helpers.
100.0
99.4
99.4
99.4
99.3
99.3

100.0
102.1
107.2
109.3
116.2
116.2

Cement work­
ers’ laborers.
100.0
99.2
99.2
98.6
98.6
98.6

100.0
99.5
113.7
116.2
117.0
117.5

Gas fitters.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
99.9

100.0
103.3
103.8
104.3
111.3
109.1

Building trades—Continued.

Hod carriers.

1907...........................
1908...........................
1909...........................
1910...........................
1911...........................
1912...........................

100.0
100.0
99.5
98.5
97.5
97.0




100.0
100.3
100.7
103.5
105.0
105.9

Inside wiremen.
100.0
99.9
99.9
99.4
99.1
98.7

100.0
106.1
108.1
110.8
113.6
115.4

Inside wiremen’s helpers.
100.0
99.6
99.6
98.4
98.0
97.4

100.0
103.0
104.2
110.0
110.7
111.7

Marble setters.

100.0
100.0
99.1
98.9
98.5
98.5

101.0
101.0
101.6
103.3
104.6
105.1

Painters.

100.0
99.6
99.4
98.7
98.2
98.1

100.0
100.9
104.1
108.5
111.1
112.6

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

8

R E L A T IV E HOURS OF LA BO R PE R W EE K AND R E L A T IV E R A TE S OF W AGES P E R
HOUR, COMPUTED FROM UNION SCALES, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
Building trades—Continued.

Plasterers.
Year.

1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.

Plasterers'
laborers.

Plumbers.

Steam fitters.

Rela­
tive
nomi­
nal
liours
per
week.

Rela­
tive
rate of
wages
per
hour.

Rela­
tive
nomi­
nal
hours
per
week.

Rela­
tive
rate of
wages
per
hour.

Rela­
tive
nomi­
nal
hours
per
week.

Rela­
tive
rate of
wages
per
hour.

Rela­
tive
nomi­
nal
hours
per
week.

Rela­
tive
rate of
w*ages
per
hour.

Rela­
tive
nomi­
nal
hours
per
week.

Rela­
tive ■
rate of
wages
per
hour.

100.0
99.7
99.7
99.6
99.3
99.1

100.0
99.8
100.7
102.1
102.8
105.0

100.0
99.7
99.5
99.5
99.4
99.0

100.0
105.0
106.2
106.9
107.0
108.2

100.0
100.0
99.8
99.6
99.3
98.8

100.0
101.0
102.8
104.6
110.2
110.7

100.0
100.0
99.9
99.9
99.8
98.3

100.0
102.3
103.5
107.0
110.0
112.9

100.0
100.0
99.7
98.8
98.7
98.0

100.0
101.4
103.8
108.0
111.5
113.1

Building trades—Concluded.
Steam fitters’
helpers.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.

Sheet-metal
workers.

Stonemasons.

100.0
99.9
99.7
98.7
98.5
98.3

100.0
100.0
100.0
98.8
98.2
98.2

100.0
101.6
102.4
111.2
112.1
115.1

100.0
101.8
102.7
103.6
105.0
105.8

Marble and stone trades.

Structural iron
workers.
100. 0<
99.7
99.4
98.8
98.6
97.3

100.0
101.3
102.7
106.1
109.0
111.1

Granite cut­
ters.

Stonecutters.

100.0
99.9
99.8
99.4
99.2
98.0

100.0
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.9
99.5

100.0
100.5
102.1
102.8
104.0
105.3

100.0
100.1
100.1
100.9
101.2
101.6

Metal trades.
Blacksmiths.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1910
1911
1912

100.0
100.0
98.7
98.5
97.9
97.9

100.0
100.9
103.2
107.0
107.5
110.3

Blacksmiths’
helpers.
100.0
100.0
98.8
98.6
97.9
97.8

100.0
103.8
106.9
114.9
115.8
116.4

Boiler makers.
100.0
99.7
99.2
99.1
98.5
98.4

100.0
101.3
102.6
107.7
114.5
115.6

Metal trades—Concluded.

Machinists.

1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.

100.0
100.0
99.7
99.1
98.8
97.8

100.0
101.3
102.5
106.6
108.0
109.6

Molders, iron.

100.0
100.0
99.5
99.0
98.7
98.7

100.0
99.8
100.5
104.7
106.9
107.4

Boiler makers’
helpers.
100.0
99.9
99.2
98.7
98.5
97.6

100.0
100.5
102.0
104.9
109.4
116.9

Core makers.
100.0
100.0
98.9
98.4
97.7
97.7

100.0
100.0
100.6
106.2
112.8
113.8

Printing trades: Book and job.

Pattern mak­
ers, wood.

Bookbinders.

100.0
99.7
99.4
98.2
97.4
97.2

100.0
90.8
89.5
89.2
88.9
88.9

100.0
103.2
m i
105.0
106.8
108.3

100.0
110.8
112.4
113.6
116.1
116.8

Compositors.

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.4
100.5
104.8
107.6
110.0

Printing trades: Book and job—Continued.
Electrotypers,
batterymen
and builders.
1907...........................
1908...........................
1909...........................
1910___- ...................
1911...........................
1912...........................




100.0
99.5
99.4
98.0
95.8
95.8

100.0
100.8
101.8
108.8
114.8
117.5

Electrotypers,
finishers.
100.0
99.6
99.5
96.6
94.7
94.7

100.0
100.6
101.2
105.2
110.8
112.8

Electrotypers,
molders.
100.0
99.1
99.0
96.3
94.9
94.9

100.0
101.2
102.1
106.7
111.8
112.7

Linotype
operators.
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
99.8

100.0
100.1
100.3
102.7
103.9
107.0

Press feeders.

100.0
91.4
90.4
90.3
90.3
90.2

100.0
110.4
113.5
115.8
120.6
122.6

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.

9

R E L A T IV E HOURS OF LA BO R P E R W E E K AND R E L A T IV E RA TE S OF W AGES PE R
HOUR, COMPUTED FROM UNION SCALES, 1907 TO 1912—Concluded.
Printing trades: Book and
job—Concluded.
Pressmen,
Pressmen,
cylinder presses. platen presses.

Printing trades: Newspaper.

Compositors,
daywork.

Compositors,
night work.

Linotype
operators, day­
work.

Year.
Rela­
tive
nomi­
nal
hours
per
week.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.

Rela­
tive
rate of
wages
per
hour.

Rela­
tive
nomi­
nal
hours
per
week.

Rela­
tive
rate of

100.0
95.4
94.1
94.0
94.0
94.0

100.0
106.1
115.6
116.7
119.0
121.0

100.0

100.0
103.6
109.1
111.2
113.3
114.8

97.1
95.1
94.9
94.9
94.9

per
hour.

Rela­
tive
nomi­
nal
hours
per
week.

Rela­
tive
rate of

100.0

100.0
100.4
101.9
104.2
107.4
110.4

100.0
100.0
100.0

99.9
99.5

per
hour.

Rela­
tive
nomi­
nal
hours
per
week.

Rela­
tive
rate of
wages
per
hour.

Rela­
tive
nomi­
nal
hours
per
week.

100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0

100.0

100.0
100.0

99.9

101.0

102.7
104.4
106.1

Rela­
tive
rate of
per
hour.

100.0
100.0
100.0

99.9
99.6

100.0
102.3
102.8

105.1
106.8
108.6

Printing trades: Newspaper—Concluded.
Linotype
operators,
night work,
1907...........................
1908...........................
1909...........................
1910...........................
1911...........................
1912...........................

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
99.7

100.0
101.1
101.6
103.3
104.1
105.9

Pressmen, web
presses,
daywork.
100.0
99.1
98.7
98.7
98.7
98.5

100.0
102.1
103.8
108.3
109.6
112.1

Pressmen, web
presses,
night work.
100.0
99.3
98.8
98.5
98.4
98.5

100.0
101.7
103.0
106.7
107.6
109.1

Stereotypers,
daywork.

Stereotypers,
night work.

100.0
99.7
99.7
98.7
98.5
98.3

100.0
99.8
99.8
98.6
98.4
98.4

100.0
102.9
103.8
106.3
107.1
109.1

100.0
103.0
104.1
106.6
107.3
109.0

The 39 cities included in this report are important industrial cities
representing 32 States. In a general way the city selected in each
section of the country was the city having the largest population in
that section; but, in addition, two smaller cities were included—
Fall River, which is a textile center in Massachusetts, and Scranton,
which is situated in the anthracite coal region of Pennsylvania.
Within the 39 cities live one-fifth of the total number of people, twofifths of the urban population, and approximately one-third of the
total number engaged in gainful occupations (not including those in
agricultural pursuits) in continental United States.
The cities included are as follows:
North Atlantic division:
Boston, Mass.
Buffalo, N. Y .
Fall River, Mass.
Manchester, N. H.
Newark, N. J.
New Haven, Conn.
New York, N. Y .
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburgh, Pa.



North Atlantic division- -Concluded.
Providence, R. I.
Scranton, Pa.
South Atlantic division:
Atlanta, Ga.
Baltimore, Md.
Charleston, S. C.
Jacksonville, Fla.
Richmond, Va.
Washington, D. C.

10

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

North Central division:
Chicago, 111.
Cincinnati, Ohio.
Cleveland, Ohio.
Detroit, Mich.
Indianapolis, Ind.
Kansas City, Mo.
Milwaukee, Wis.
Minneapolis, Minn.
Omaha, Nebr.
St. Louis, Mo.
South Central division:
Birmingham, Ala.

South Central division—Concluded.
Dallas, Tex.
Little Rock, Ark.
Louisville, Ky.
Memphis, Tenn.
New Orleans, La.
Western division:
Denver, Colo.
Los Angeles, Cal.
Portland, Oreg.
Salt Lake City, Utah.
San Francisco, Cal.
Seattle, Wash.

The data for 1907 to 1912 were in every case furnished by officials
of local unions to special agents of the Bureau of Labor Statistics,
and wage scales, written agreements, and trade-union records were
used whenever available.
Two general tables present the detailed information for 1907 to
1912. The scales of wages and hours here presented for each locality
are those which have been accepted by all or a part of the employers
in the locality. Union scales in practically all cases establish mini­
mum wages (that is, wages below which union men will not work)
and maximum hours of work (that is, hours above which union
men will not work at the usual rate of pay). In each of these tables
the rate of wages per hour, when the union scale provides for other
than an hourly rate, was computed by dividing the wage per day or
week by the number of hours per day or week. The rate of wages
and the hours of labor entered are for May 15, and where a different
number of hours is worked for more than three months during the
year, this fact has been noted in connection with the entry.
. The first of the two detailed tables arranges the information by
cities, and shows under each city the data, as far as available, for
each trade. In this table the 39 cities are arranged alphabetically.
The second detailed table arranges the information by trades, and
shows under each trade the data, as far as available, for each city.
In this table the cities are arranged alphabetically under geographical
divisions.
In the tables the trades have been arranged alphabetically under
the following general trade groups, although some of the trades, such
for instance as sheet-metal workers, include employees outside the
general group.
Bakery trades.
Building trades.
Marble and stone trades.




Metal trades.
Printing trades, book and job.
Printing trades, newspaper.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.

11

RELATIVE HOURS OF LABOR PER WEEK AND RELATIVE RATES OF
WAGES PER HOUR IN CERTAIN TRADES, 1890 TO 1907.

For a number of the trades for which data are included in this
report, the Bureau formerly secured information from the pay rolls
of employers in some 60 cities.
The last publication containing data as to these trades, secured
from employers, was Bulletin No. 77 (July, 1908) ^ The next table
shows for such trades as are included both in Bulletin No. 77 and in
this report, relative hours per week and relative rates of wages per
hour during the 18-year period, 1890 to 1907.
R E LA TIV E HOURS OF LA BO R PE R W E E K AND R E LA TIV E RATES OF W AGES PER
HOUR IN CERTAIN TRADES, 1890 TO 1907.
[The relatives in this table were computed from data secured by agents of the Bureau from pay rolls of
employers of union labor and also of employers of nonunion labor. J
B uilding trades.
Building laborers.

Bricklayers.

Carpenters.

Year.
Relative
rate of
wages per
hour.

Relative
Relative
nominal
rate of
hours per wages per
week. hour.

Relative
nominal
hours per
week.

Relative
rate of
wages per
hour.

Relative
nominal
hours per
week.

Average, 1890-1899...................

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

1890.................................. ....... .
1891............................................
1892............................................
1893...................... .....................
1894............................................

103.2
102.4
101.2
100.1
100.8

98.4
99.5
101.0
101.1
98.6

100.3
100.3
100.3
100.0
99.9

102.7
103.0
103.5
101.8
96.7

102.0
101.3
100.5
100.7
100.7

98.6
99.2
102.7
99.7
97.9

1895............................................
1896............................................
1897................. ..........................
1898............................................
1899............................................

100.0
99.9
99.1
97.9
95.5

99.5
98.9
99.4
98.7
104.8

100.1
100.1
99.9
99.3
99.8

98.2
96.5
98.5
99.9
99.3

100.3
99.7
99.0
98.5
97.4

97.8
99.6
100.0
101.4
103.2

1900............................................
1901............................................
1902............................................
1903................- ..........................
1904............................................

95.6
94.3
93.6
92.7
92.1

106.5
112.0
118.0
124.7
127.3

99.0
98.5
96.3
95.8
95.8

99.6
108.0
112.0
114.2
114.3

94.5
92.5
90.6
90.2
89.9

110.8
115.9
123.7
130.6
129.9

1905............................................
1906............................................
1907............................................

92.0
91.9
91.8

132.1
138.6
140.9

95.8
95.4
94.9

114.4
122.5
127.2

90.1
89.7
88.9

133.6
141.6
151.9

1Reports published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, covering wages and hours of labor in the trades
included in this report are the Nineteenth Annual Report and Bulletins Nos. 59,65,71, and 77.




12

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

R E L A T IV E HOURS OF L A B O R P E R W EE K AND R E L A T IV E R A TE S OF W AGES P E R
H OU R IN CERTAIN TRAD ES, 1890 TO 1907—Continued.
Building trades—Continued.
Gas fitters.

Hod carriers.

Inside wiremen.

Year.
Relative
nominal
hours per
week.

Relative
rate of
wages per
hour.

100.0

m o

Relative
nominal
hours per
week.

Relative
rate of
wages per
hour.

Relative
nominal
hours per
week.

Relative
rate of
wages per
hour.

100.0

100.0

100.0

95.5
96.3
98.9
99.7
99.1

102.3
101.8
100.4
100.1
100.8

97.0
96.5
99.4
99.8
98.9

102.8
102.6
98.8
101.2
101.5

89.6
89.1
91.6
97.9
96.1

99.7
99.4
98.4
99.1
97.3

99.3
100.0
101.6
103.7
105.8

99.9
99.7
99.7
98.9
96.5

99.6
100.3
99.7
100.6
108.1

101.2
99.3
97.5
97.2
98.0

100.0
104.5
107.6
112.1
111.7

96.4
95.4
92.6
90.9
89.4

110.0
114.1
123.3
130.5
139.1

96.5
95.6
94.1
93.0
92.8

107.3
109.3
114.9
122.9
123.8

94.7
94.5
92.8
89.6
88.2

120.7
119.6
129.7
140.6
143.5

89.3
88.5
88.9

1896............................................
1897............................................

100.0

103.5
102.6
100.6
99.8
99.7

Average, 1890-1899...................

138.9
150.4
155.2

93.0
92.9
92.7

124.7
134.5
135.9

87.2
87.0
86.3

150.0
152.5
158.2

Building trades—Continued.
Painters.

Plasterers.

Plumbers.

Average, 1890-1899...................

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

1891............................................
1892............................................
1893............................................

102.6
101.9
101.1
100.1
100.4

97.0
98.2
99.4
101.2
99.1

103.2
*101.6
100.5
100.3
100.3

98.4
99.2
102.6
100.5
97.9

102.1
101.6
101.2
100.2
100.1

97.4
98.1
98.7
99.9
98.8

1895............................................
1896............................................
1897............................................
1898............................................
1899............................................

100.1
99.6
99.0
98.1
97.1

98.4
99.2
100.5
102.3
104.7

99.6
99.4
100.3
98.6
96.1

98.1
99.7
97.6
99.4
106.4

99.7
99.3
98.9
98.7
98.2

99.7
100.4
101.2
102.3
103.6

1902............................................
1903............................................
1904............................................

94.6
92.6
91.5
90.8
90.4

110.5
114.7
119.5
124.9
127.9

94.1
93.1
91.2
90.8
90.5

109.5
114.3
123.7
131.8
133.8

96.6
95.4
93.0
91.9
91.3

107.1
110.6
117.6
124.5
128.3

1905............................................
1906............................................
1907............................................

90.5
89.7
89.3

129.5
136.8
142.0

90.1
90.0
89.6

139.6
148.7
153.3

91.1
90.2
90.0

131.2
141.9
148.1




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.

13

R E LA T IV E HOU RS OF LA BO R P E R W E E K AND R E L A T IV E R A TE S OF W AGES P E R
HOUR IN CERTAIN TRAD ES, 1890 TO 1807—Continued.
B uilding trades—Concluded.
Steam fitters.

Stonemasons.

Structural iron workers.

Year.
Relative
nominal
hours per
week.

Relative
rate of
wages per
hour.

Relative
nominal
hours per
week.

Average, 1890-1899....................

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

1890............................................
1891............................................
1892............................................
1893............................................
1894............................................

102.6
101.9
101.3
101.6
99.4

95.9
96.2
99.4
97.4
99.2

101.3
101.3
101.2
100.6
100.9

102.9
103.2
101.5
100.7
95.1

102.9
101.8
99.3
100.1
101.9

93.6
98.0
100.6
100.9
93.5

1895............................................
1896............................................
1897............................................
1898............................................
1899............................................

99.8
99.2
98.7
98.6
96.9

98.2
100.5
101.5
104.3
107.4

100.4
100.3
98.6
97.4
98.0

96,4
98.1
100.3
99.0
102.8

100.1
98.5
97.0
97.8
100.5

97.7
97.5
104.1
105.3
108.8

1900............................................
1901............................................
1902............................................
1903............................................
1904............................................

96.0
94.0
92.4
89.0
88.9

108.1
115.1
120.2
127.3
131.6

96.4
95.2
93.2
92.0
91.4

104.7
110.8
119.0
126.6
129.4

98.0
96.7
91.6
92.2
90.6

120.4
138.4
155.9
159.8
171.4

1905............................................
1906............................................
1907............................................

89.1
88.0
87.9

133.3
143.4
147.3

91.3
91.2
90.6

129.5
135.2
139.7

90.1
90.9
91.3

171.8
180.4
190.3

Relative
rate of
wages per
hour.

Marble and stone trades.
Granite cutters.

Relative
nominal
hours per
week.

Relative
rate of
wages per
hour.

M etal trades.

Stonecutters.

Blacksmiths.

Average, 1890-1899...................

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

1890............................................
1891............................................
1892............................................
1893............................................
1894............................................

100.0
99.7
100.0
100.8
100.2

102.8
104.8
103.4
99.7
99.0

103.1
100.5
100.3
101.2
100.8

100.5
104.2
103.9
100.5
97.2

100.5
100.2
100.5
99.9
99.3

101.4
101.6
101.2
101.4
99.1

1895............................................
1896............................................
1897............................................
1898............................................
1899............................................

99.9
100.1
100.5
100.6
98.1

99.5
99.0
97.1
95.6
99.1

100.2
99.7
98.4
97.7
98.1

96.2
97.0
98.7
101.9
99.9

100.2
99.7
99.8
100.2
99.8

98.6
100.1
98,6
98.0
99.9

1900............................................
1901............................................
1902............................................
1903............................................
1904............................................

95.2
94.8
94.2
92.3
92.2

108.1
106.6
108.5
116.5
119.1

98.5
97.2
96.9
95.7
95.7

100.4
102.5
108.6
116.2
117.2

99.6
97.8
96.8
95.7
95.5

101.7
104.4
107.7
111.8
110.2

1905............................................
1906............................................
1907............................................

92.6
91.3
91.1

116.7
121.7
126.5

95.8
95.8
95.8

117.1
118.8
120.8

98.0
98.1
97.8

111.7
114.7
118.0




B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

14

R E L A T IV E HOURS OF L A B O R P E R W E E K AND R E L A T IV E RA TE S OF WAGES P E R
HOUR IN CERTAIN TR AD ES, 1890 TO 1907—Continued.
M etal trades—Continued.
Boiler makers.

Core makers.

Machinists.

I

Year.
Relative
nominal
hours per
week.

Relative
rate of
wages per
hour.

Relative
nominal
hours per
week.

Relative
rate of
wages per
hour.

Average, 1890-1899...................

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

1890.......
1891.......
1892.......
1893.......
1894.......

101.2
101.2
100.6
99.8
99.9

99.4
98.8
99.1
99.0
100.2

100.2
100.2
100.2
100.2
99.9

100.2
100.3
100.9
99.0
97.2

100.7
100.6
100.2
99.8
99.9

100.5
101.2
102.3
101.9
97.5

1895.......
1896.......
1897.......
1898.......
1899.......

99.9
99.1
99.3
99.6
99.2

100.8
100.7
99.9
100.3
101.7

100.2
100.1
99.4
99.8
99.7

98.1
100.3
101.2
101.2
101.4

99.9
99.8
99.7
100.0
99.3

97.5
99.6
99.7
99.0
100.8

1900.......
1901.......
1902 .. .
1903 .. . .
1904 . . . .

98.0
97.1
96.3
96.1
95.0

106.3
107.1
107.3
109.2
113.2

99.5
98.4
97.5
95.7
94.7

102.9
107.0
106.3
113.0
116.4

99.1
97.0
95.7
94.9
94.0

103.6
106.8
110.3
112.9
112.8

1905 . . . .
1906 ...
1907 . . . .

94.8
95.2
94.7

115.4
118.2
123.0

95.0
94.6
94.0

115.1
120.7
124.2

94.5
94.4
93.7

113.1
116.4
120.4

Relative
rate of
wages per
hour.

P rin tin g trades:
B o o k a n d jo b .

M etal trades—Concluded.
Molders, iron.

Relative
nominal
hours per
week.

Pattern makers, wood.

Bookbinders.

Average, 1890-1899...................

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

1890
1891
1892
1893
1894

....
....
....
....
....

100.4
100.5
100.3
99.8
99.7

100.6
101.5
100.9
101.2
97.9

100.6
100.6
100.5
99.8
100.0

100.3
101.0
101.0
102.1
96.6

101.1
101.0
100.8
100.3
100.2

96.1
96.2
98.1
100.0
99.3

1895 . . . .
1896 . . . .
1897 . . . .
1898____
1899 . . . .

100.0
99.9
99.8
100.0
99.7

98.0
99.2
100.0
99.1
101.7

99.9
99.7
99.5
100.1
99.3

97.7
99.9
99.5
101.1
100.9

100.6
100.4
99.5
98.8
97.2

99.5
100.2
102.5
103.6
104.8

....
....
....
....
....

99.6
98.6
97.2
95.8
95.1

106.7
108.4
114.6
120.2
119.5

98.9
97.7
96.3
94.8
94.4

104.3
106.8
111.4
116.2
117.3

96.2
95.6
94.8
94.5
94.2

104.9
108.9
111.1
111.9
115.0

1905 .....
1906 . . . .
1907.......

95.1
95.1
94.8

119.3
123.8
127.0

94.5
94.2
93.9

118.4
125.2
127.2

93.9
93.4
92.8

115.9
119.2
122.2

1900
1901
1902
1903
1904




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUKS OP LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.

15

R E LA T IV E HOU RS OF L A B O R P E R W E E K AN D R E L A T IV E R A TE S OS' W AGES P E R
HOUR IN C E R TA IN T R A D E S , 1890 TO 1907—Concluded. ’
P rinting trades: B o o k and jo b —Concluded.

Compositors.

Press feeders.

P rin tin g trades:
Newspaper.
Compositors.

Year.
Relative
nominal
hours per
week.

Relative
rate of
wages per
hour.

Relative
nominal
hours per
week.

Relative
rate of
wages per
hour.

Relative
nominal
hours per
week.

Relative
rate of
wages per
hour.

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

101.0
101.0
100.9
100.4
100.3

97.7
98.8
98.9
99.6
100.3

100.8
100.3
100.3
100.1
99.9

97.9
100.0
99.0
98.5
100.1

101.2
100.2
100.1
101.1
100.4

101.0
101.5
101.9
99.8
96.4

100.2
100.0
99.9
99.5
96.9

99.9
99.4
100.3
101.0
104.3

100.3
100.4
100.4
98.9
98.6

101.1
99.2
99.2
101.6
103.5

100.4
100.1
99.9
99.1
97.6

97.2
98.9
99.6
99.9
103.7

1900............................................
1901............................................
1902............................................
1903............................................
1904............................................

94.6
93.7
92.4
92.4
91.5

107.3
109.6
113.7
115.7
119.6

95.3
95.5
94.2
94.0
93.6

119.8
120.1
121.5
124.8
126.7

97.3
9S.9
95.1
94.8
93.9

103.4
107.9
110.5
113.4
115.6

1905............................................
1906............................................

91.1
88.0
87.6

122.3
128.0
131.0

93.3
92.5
92.0

129.7
135.0
142.2

93.4
92.8
92.3

118.3
120.3
124.1

Average, 1890-1899...................

Printing trades: Newspaper—Concluded.
Linotype operators.

Pressmen, web presses.

Stereotypers.

Average, 1890-1899...................

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

1890............................................
1891............................................
1892............................................
1893............................................
1894............................................

100.1
98.6
101.4
102.5
100.6

110.8
106.2
91.9
97.5
99.9

101.1
101.0
100.9
101.0
100.5

97.9
97.7
97.6
98.3
98.9

100.3
100.6
100.7
100.5
100.5

95.3
95.3
98.1
99.3
98.6

1895............................................
1896............................................
1897............................................
1898............................................
1899............................................

99.4
99.2
99.3
99.5
99.5

99.4
99.1
98.7
98.2
98.2

100.1
99.6
98.8
98.7
98.2

99.5
101.5
101.8
102.9
104.2

100.5
100.0
99.4
99.0
98.6

99.0
101.8
102.3
104.6
105.5

1900............................................
1901............................................
1902............................................
1903............................................
1904............................................

99.4
99.9
99.4
99.6
99.4

99.6
99.6
101.0
104.0
105.9

97.8
97.5
97.3
97.1
96.3

104.9
106.1
109.1
112.6
114.5

98.7
98.4
98.5
98.5
97.2

104.9
106.5
107.3
108.4
111.5

1905............................................

99.2
98.8
98.7

106.5
108.5
111.3

97.0
95.3
94.1

116.4
119.6
125.7

96.5
96.1
95.5

114.3
116.2
119.9

1907............................................

5653°— 13------2




16

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
#CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912.

{The rate of wages per hour, when the union scale provided for other than an hourly rate, was computed
by dividing the wage per day or week by the number of hours per day or week. When the union scale
provides for a change in hours for more than three months during the year, this fact has been noted in
connection with the entry.]

ATLANTA, QA.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907
Building trades.
Bricklayers....................................
C arp en ters..................................
Tiifflcla wirftmen, . , ............., ____
Inside wiremen’s helpers..............
Marble setters................................
Painters..........................................
Plasterers.......................................
Plumbers.......................................
Sheet-metal workers:
Mannfantnrin? shops. ____
Railroad shoos, road A ..........
Railroad shops, road B ..........
Railroad shops, road C ..........
Railroad shops,road D ..........
Steam fitters..................................
Steam litters’ helpers....................
Stonem asons..................................
Structural iron workers................

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1S08 1909 1910 1911'1912
!

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
40.00 45.00 45.00 45.00 45.00
30.00 30.00 30.00 30.00 35.00
33.33
16.67
50.00 50.00 50.00 50.00 62.50
28.30 28.30 28.30 31.13 31.13
45.00 45.00 45.00 45.00 45.00
40.75 40.75 40.75 40.75 40.75

Cents.
45.00
35.00
38.89
22.22
62.50
33.96
45.00
45.28

27.50

27.50

27.50

40.75

40.75

40.75

40.75

40.75
40.00

45.85
40.00

45.85
50.00

45.85
50.00

27.50
35.00
36.00
40.00
38.00
40.75
22.64
45.85
56.25

37.50
43.75
40. (13
50.00

37.50
43. 75
40.63
50.00

37.50
43.75
40.63
50.00

40.00
43.75
40. 63
50.00

40.00
43.75
40.63
50.00

30.00
32.50
32.00
34.00
32.50

30.00
32.50
32.00
34.00
32.50

31.50
38.00
30.00
37.00
32.50

33.50
39.00
38.00
37.00
35.00

30.00
31.00
30.00
31.00

31.50
32.00
31.50
31.50

32.00
33.00
33.00
34.00

30.00
30.00
30.00
32.50

32.50
82.00
32.60
32.50

31.73
31.25

31.73
31.25

53
54

53
54

53
54

53
54

53
54
54

*48*
53
53
53

*48*
53
53
53

*48*
53
53
53

*48*
53
53
53

48
53
53
53

53
54
54
54
48
53
53
53

33.33
35.00
36.00
40.00
38.00
45.28
22.64
45.85
56.25

54

54

54

54

54
54
54
54
54
53
53
53
48

45
45
45
48

53

53

53

53

53
54

53
54

53
54

53
54

54
54
54
54
60
53
53
53
48

41.25
47.50
47.50
50.00

48
48
48
48

48
4.8
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

35.00
39.00
38.00
37.50
35.00

35.00
41.00
39.00
39.00
35.00

54
54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54
54

54 * 54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

34.00
36.50
35.50
37.00

38.00
38.00
38.00
38.00
30.00

39.00
39.50
39.00
39.00
30.00

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54
60

32.50
32.00
32.50
35.00

32.50
35.50
35.00
35.00

35.00
38.00
35.00
37.50

35.00
38.00
35.00
37.50

60
60
60
60

60
54
60
60

j
60 1 60
54 ' 54
60 60
60 54

54
54
54
54
60
60
54
60
54

60
54
60
54

34.62
34.38

34.62
34.38

34.62
34.38

34.62
34.38

52
48

52
48

52
48

52
48

52
48

52
48

31.25
45.83
*43*75* 43*75* *43.75* 43.75

31.25
45.83
43.75

31.25
45.83
43.75

48

48

48

48
48
43

48
48
48

48
48
48

27.50

Marble and stone trades.
Granite cutters:
Inside men..............................
Machine men...........................
Outside men...........................
Stonecutters, soft stone.................
Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, road B..........
Railroad shops, road C ...........
Railroad shops, road D ..........
Boiler makers:
Shopmen.................................
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, road B ..........
Railroad shops, road C...........
Core makers...................................
Machinists:
Manu factoring shops..............
Railroad shops........................
Holders, iron: Bench and floor...
Pattern makers, wood..................
Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders: Forwarders, cut­
ters, finishers, and rulers...........
Compositors...................................
Electrotypers:
Batterymen and builders.. ..
Moiders and finishers.............
Linotype operators........................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses......................
Platen presses.........................
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operating 1 press....................
Operating 2 presses.................
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 3 or 4 presses.........
Operating 2 or 3 presses.........
Operating 1 or 2 presses.........




15.74
12.96

1 71
.7.
14.58

17.71
14.58

17.71
14.58

17.71
14.58

17.71
14.58

54
54

48
48

48
4S

48
48

48
48

48
48

24.07
33.33

31.25
37.50

31.25
37.50

31.25
37.50

31.25
37.50

31.25
37.50

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

30.56
27.78
25.93

34.38
31.25
29.17

34.38
31.25
29.17

34.38 34.38
31.25 31.25
29.17 i 29.17

34.38
31.25
29.17

54
54
54

48
48
48

48
48
48

4.8 48
48 48
48 4§

48
48
48

U N IO N SCALE OF W AG ES A N D H O U R S OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T a b le

17

I.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
ATLANTA, GA.—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 19111912

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork..
Nightwork.............................
Pressmen, web presses:
Tension men, day or night
work.....................................
Journeymen, day or night
work.....................................
Stereotypers:
Daywork.................................
Nightwork.............................

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
37.50 37.50 43.75 43.75 43.75 43.75
43.75 43.75 50.00 50.00 50.00 50.00

48

48
48

48
48

48
48

30.56

30.56

34.38

34.38

43.75

43.75

48

48

48

25.00

25.00

28.13

28.13

37.50

37.50

48

48

48

40.63
43.75

43.75
46.88

43.75
46.88

48
48

48
48

48
48

BALTIMORE, MD.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
German union....................
22.22
Hebrew union....................
Bakers, second hands:
German union...................
Hebrew union......................... 18.06
Bakers, third hands: Hebrew
union.......................................... 12.50

22.22

28.33

30.00

19.44
30.00

19.44
33.33

72

72

60

60

72
60

72
60

18.06

23.33

25.00

16.67
25.00

16.67
28.33

72

72

60

60

72
60

72
60

12.50

16.67

18.33

18.33

21.67

72

72

60

60

60

60

62.50
43.75
31.25
43.75

62.50
43.75
31.25
43.75

62.50
43.75
31.25
43.75

62.50
43.75
31.25
43.75

50.00
37.50
50.00
43. 75
37.50
43.75

50.00
37.50
56.25
43. 75
37.50
43.75

56.25
37.50
56.25
43.75
37.50
43.75

62.50
43.75
31.25
43.75
18.75
62.50
37.50
62.50
50.00
40.00
50.00

48
48
48
48

50.00
37.50
62.50
43.75
37.50
43.75

62.50
43.75
31.25
43.75
18.75
62.50
37.50
62.50
50.00
40.00
50.00

48
48
48
48
48
48

48 145 145 145 145
48 48 48 48 48
48 145 145 145 145
48 48 48 48 48
48 48
48 48 48 48 48
48 48 48 48 48
48 48 48 44 44
48 48 48 48 48
48 48 48 48 48
48 48 48 48 48

25.00
25.00

25.00
25.00

25.00
25.00

25.00
25.00

48
48

48
48

48
48

50.00

50.00

50.00

28.13
28.13
56.25
56.25

48
48

50.00

28.13
25.00
56.25
56.25

48

48

48

45.00
51.25
50.00
50.00

45.00
51.25
50.00
50.00

45.00
51.25
50.00
50.00

45.00
51.25
50.00
50.00

45.00
51.25
50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00
56.25
50.00

44*
44\
m
44|

m
m
44J
44J

27.78
29.44
30.56

30.56
29.44
30.56

30.56
29.44
30.56

30.56
29.44
33.33

30.56
^3.33
33.33

30.56
33.33
33.33

54
54
54

32.22
30.56

32.22
30.56

32.22
30.56

32.22
30.56

36.11
38.89

36.11
38.89

54
54

Building trades.
Bricklayers.......................
Carpenters........................
Hod carriers......................
Inside wiremen................
Inside wiremen’s helpers.
Marble setters...................
Painters............................
Plasterers..........................
Plumbers..........................
Sheet-metal workers........
Steam fitters....................
Steam fitters’ helpers:
Union A .....................
Union B .....................
Stonemasons...................
Structural iron workers..

48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

44*
44£
44J
44*

m
44*
44£
44£

44*
44§
44$
44J

44
44
44
44\

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54

54
50

54
50

54 54
50 i 50

Marble and stone trades.
Granite cutters:
Inside men........................
Machine men....................
Outside men....................
Stonecutters, soft stone..........
Metal trades.
Boiler makers................................
Core makers...................................
Machinists.....................................
Holders, iron: Bench, floor, and
machine......................................
Pattern makers, wood..................

144 hours January to March and November and December.




B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU R E A U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

18
T a b le

I.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
BALTIMORE, MD.—Concluded.

Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 19111912

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Forwarders, general work___
Finishers and forwarders,
printed and blank work___
Compositors...................................
Linotype operators.......................
Press feeders..................................
Pressmen:
Cylinder presses......................
Platen presses.........................

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
27.78 27.78 27.78 31.25 31.25 31.25

48

48

33.33
32.08
43.75
■*16.67

33.33
32.08
43.75
20.83

33.33
32.08
43.75
20.83

37.50 37.50
35.42 37.50
43.75 •46.88
20.83 20.83

37.50
37.50
46.88
22.92

27.78
18.52

37.50
25.00

37.50
25.00

37.50
25.00

37.50
25.00

37.50
25.00

50.00
51.43

50.00
51.43

50.00
51.43

50.00
51.43

50.00
51.43

50.00
51.43

42
42

53.57
57.14

53.57
57.14

53.57
57.14

53.57
57.14

53.57
57.14

53.57
57.14

42
42

40.63
31.25
25.00

43.75
34.38
31.25

46.88
36.25
33.13

50.00
37.50
34.38

48
48
48

43.75
46.67

43.75
46.67

43.75
46.67

43.75
46.67

48
48
48
48
48
48

48

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork................................
Nightwork.............................
Linotype operators:
Daywork................................
Nightwork............................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork___
First assistants, daywork_
_
Second assistants, daywork.
Daywork__
Nightwork.

40.63
43.33

43.75
46.67

45

48
45

BIRMINGHAM, ALA.
1

Building trades.
50.00
40.00
43.75
35.00
56.25
25.00
63.83

62.50
40.00
43.75
37.50
56.25
25.00
63.83

62.50
40.00
50.00
40.00
56.25
25.00
68.75

62.50
45.00
50.00
40.00
62.50
25.00
68.75

62.50
45.00
56.25
45.00
62.50
25.00
68.75

54
48
48
48
44
54
47

54
48
48
48
44
54
47

48
48
48
48
44
48
47

48
48
48
48
44
48
44

48
48
48
48
44
48
44

48
48
44
48
44
48
44

35.74
29.00
62.50
22.34

45.96
30.50
62.50
22.34

45.96
34.00
68.75
21.88

50.00
36.00
68.75
21.88

50.00
37.00
68.75
21.88

47
54
47
47

47
54
47
47

47
54
47
47

47
54
44
44

44
54
44
44

44
54
44
44

45.00

45.00

50.00

50.00

50.00

44

44

44

44

44

44

34.00
34.00

34.00
34.00

34.00
34.00

37.50
37.50

39.00
39.00

39.00
39.00

60
54

60
54

60
54

60
54

60
54

60
54

35.00
35.00
35.00
30.00

35.00
35.00
35.00
30.00

35.00
35.00
35.00
30.00

37.50
37.50
35.00
30.00

37.50
39.00
35.00
30.00

37.50
40.00
37.50
30.00

60
54
60
60

60
54
60
60

60
54
60
60

60
54
60
60

60
54
60
60

60
54
60
60

27.50

27.50

30.00

30.00

32.50
39.00

32.50
40.00

60

60

60

60

60
54

60
54

30.00
37.50

30.00
35.00

30.00
35.00

30.00
35.00

30.00
35.00

30.00
35.00

60
60

60
60

60
60

60
60

60
60

60
60

50.00
40.00
43.75
35.00
56.25
25.00
Plumbers....................................... 57.45
Sheet-metal workers:
Contract shops........................ 35.74
Railroad shops........................ 29.00
Steam fitters.................................. 56.25
Steam fitters’ helpers.................... 22.34
Bricklayers....................................
Carpenters.....................................
Inside wiremen..............................
Painters.........................................
Plasterers.......................................

Marble and stone trades.
Stonecutters, soft stone................. 45.00
Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops........................
Boiler makers:
Shopmen.................................
Railroad shops........................
Blast furnaces.........................
Core makers...................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops
. .
Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and
machine......................................
Pattern makers, wood...................




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AKD HOUKS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.

19

T a b l e L — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
BIRMINGHAM, ALA.—Concluded.
Hate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907
Printing trades, book and job.
Compositors...................................
Linotype operators........................
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operating foreman, 1 or more
presses..................................
Operating 2 presses.................
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 4 to 6 presses.........
Operating 3 presses.................
Operating 1 or 2 presses.........

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 191o|1911 1912

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
37.50 37.50 37.50 37.50 40.63 40.63 48
50.00 50.00 50.00 50.00 52.50 52.50 42

48
42

48
42

48
42

48
42

48
42

43.75
37.50

43.75
37.50

43.75
37.50

43.75
37.50

45.83
40.63

45.83
40.63

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

34.38
28.13
21.88

34.38
28.13
21.88

34.38
28.13
21.88

34.38
28.13
21.88

35.42
33.33
31.25

35.42
33.33
31.25

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

Compositors:
Dayw ork................................ 50.00
Night w o rk ............................. 55.00
Linotype operators, daywork___ 50.00

50.00
55.00
50.00

50.00
55.00
50.00

50.00
55.00
50.00

52.50
57.50
52.50

52.50
57.50
52.50

42
42
42

42
42
42

42
42
42

42
42
42

42
42
42

42
42
42

Printing trades, newspaper.

BOSTON, MASS.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hand:
German union.........................
Hebrew union.........................
Bakers, second hand:
German union.........................
Hebrew union.........................
Bakers, third hand:
German union.........................
Hebrew union.........................

30.00
37.04

30.00
40.74

30.00
40.74

30.00
44.44

30.00
44.44

30.00
44.44

60
54

60
54

60
54

60
54

60
54

60
54

23.33
33.33

23.33
35.19

23.33
35.19

23.33
37.04

23.33
37.04

23.33
37.04

60
54

60
54

60
54

60
54

60
54

60
54

21.67
27.78

21.67
27.78

21.67
29.63

21.67 21.67
33.33. 33.33

21.67
33.33

60
54

60
54

60
54

60
54

60
54

60
54

60.00
43 75
50.00
40.00
30.00
37.50

60.00
43.75
50.00
40.00
30.00
45.00

60.00
47.75
50.00
40.00
30.00
45.00

60.00
50.00
50.00
40.00
30.00
45.00

60.00
50.00
60.00
45.00
35.00
45.00

60.00 44 44
50.00 148 148
60.00 48 48
45.00 48 48
35.00 48 48
50.00 48 48

44
148
48
48
48
48

44
44
48
48
48
48

44
44
48
48
48
48

44
44
48
48
48
44

30.00
30.00
45.00
25.00

30.00
30.00
45.00
25.00

30.00
30.00
45.00
25.00

32.00
35.00
50.00
25.00

35.00
35.00
50.00
25.00

35.00
35.00
55.00
25.00

44
44
48
48

44
44
48
48

44 44 44
44 44 44
48 244 244
48 244 244

44
44
44
44

25.00
25.00
50.00
39.50
60.00
34.00
50.00
40.63
43.75

25.00
30.00
50.00
41.00
60.00
38.00
50.00
45.00
43.75

25.00
30.00
50.00
41.00
65.00
38.00
55.00
45.00
43.75

30.00
30.00
50.00
45.46
65.00
40.00
55.00
46.88
50.00

30.00
30.00
50.00
45.46
65.00
40.00
55.00
50.00
50.00

30.00
30.00
50.00
50.00
65.00
40.00
60.00
52.50
50.00

48
48
48
48
44
44
48
48
48

48 48 48
48 48 48
48 48 48
44 44 44
44 44 44
44 44 44
48 148 148
48 48 48
48 48 44

25.00

25.00

25.00

28.13

360.00 360.00
45.00 45.00

60.00
50.00

60.00
50.00

28.13
25.00
60.00
56.25

28.13 48 48 48
25.00
60.00 44 44 44
56.25 148 148 148

44.38
45.00

44.38
45.00

50.00

50.66 50.00 50.00 48 448 448 448 448

Building trades.
Bricklayers....................................
Carpenters......................................
Cement workers (finishers)..........
Cement workers’ helpers..............
Cement workers’ laborers.............
Gas fitters......................................
Hod carriers:
Italian......................................
English....................................
Inside wireman.............................
Inside wiremen’s helpers..............
Laborers, excavating:
Italian......................................
English....................................
Marble setters................................
Painters.........................................
Plasterers.......................................
Plasterers’ laborers........................
Plumbers.......................................
Sheet-metal workers.....................
Steam fitters..................................
Steam fitters’ helpers:
Union A ..................................
Union B ..................................
Stonemasons.................................
Structural iron workers................

44
44
44

43
48
48
44
44
44
44
48
44

48
44
48
44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

44
44

44
44
44

Marble and stone trades.
Granite cutters:
Inside men..............................
Outside men...........................
Stonecutters, soft stone................. 50.00




50.00

154 hours, June to September.
2 48 hours, January to April, and September to December,
s Scale for rough foundation work was 55 cents.
* 44 hours, June to September.

20

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T able I.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
BOSTON, MASS.—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907
Metal trades.
Blacksmiths..................................
Blacksmiths’ helpers....................
Boiler makers:
Shopmen.................................
Outside men...........................
Boiler makers’ helpers:
Shopmen.................................
Outside men...........................
Core makers...................................
Machinists:
All-round men........................
Toolmakers.......................... .
Specialists...............................
Holders, iron: Bench, floor, and
machine....................*............... .
Pattern makers, wood..................

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
33.33 33.33 33.33 33.33 33.33 38.89 54
22.22 22.22 22.22 22.22 22.22 22.22 54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

30.56
40.63

30.56
40.63

30.56
40.63

30.56
43.75

30.56
53.13

30.56
53.13

54
48

54
48

54
48

54
48

54
48

54
48

22.22
25.00
30.56

22.22
25.00
30.56

22.22
25.00
30.56

22.22
25.00
30.56

22.22
25.00
33.33

22.22
25.00
33.33

54
48
54

54
48
54

54
48
54

54
48
54

54
48
54

54
48
54

30.56
36.11
27.78

30.56
36.11
27.78

33.33
38.89
27.78

38.89
44.44
33.33

38.89
44.44
33.33

38.89
44.44
33.33

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

33.33
39.00

33.33
39.00

33.33
40.00

36.11
40.00

36.11
40.00

36.11
40.00

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

37.50
41.67
50.00

37.50
41.67
50.00

48
48
48

48
48
48

41.67

41.67

48

48

37.50
43.75
41.67

48

48

48

48

48
48
48

48
48
48

Printing trades, booh and job.
Bookbinders:
Cutters, sheet stock................
Finishers, blank work............
Finishers, printed work.........
Forwarders, extra job, blank
work.....................................
Forwarders, stock, blank
work.....................................
Forwarders, printed work___
Compositors...................................
Electrotypers:
Batterymen and builders___
Finishers.................................
Holders....................................
Linotype operators.......................
Press feeders..................................
Pressmen:
Cylinder presses......................
Platen presses.........................

*37.50 *37.50

37^50

39. 08

37.50
43.75
41.67

33.33
41.67
44.44
41.67
25.93

33.33
41.67
44.44
41.67
29.17

37.50
41.67
44.44
41.67
29.17

37.50
46.88
50.00
43. 75
31.25

37.50
46.88
50.00
45.83
31.25

41.67
50.00
50.00
45.83
31.25

54
54
54
48
54

54
54
54
48
48

54
54
54
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

43.75
34.38

43.75
34.38

43.75
34.38

43.75
34.38

45.83
35.42

45.83
35.42

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

61.00
65.00

61.00
65.00

61.00
65.00

61.00
65.00

61.00
65.00

63.00
67.00

42
42

42
42

42
42

42
42

42
42

42
42

61.00
65.00

61.00
65. (X
)

61.00
65.00

61.00
65.00

61.00
65.00

63.00
67.00

42
42

42
42

42
42

42
42

42
42

42
42

57.14
66.67
53.57
62.50
47.14
55.00

57.14
66.67
53.57
62.50
47.14
55.00

57.14
66.67
53.57
62.50
47.14
55.00

57.14
66.67
53.57
62.50
47.14
55.00

57.14
66.67
53.57
62.50
47.14
oo. 00

59.29
69.17
55.71
65.00
49.29
57.50

42
36
42
36
42
36

42
36
42
36
42
36

42
36
42
36
42
36

42
36
42
36
42
36

42
36
42
36
42
36

42
36
42
36
42
36

57.14
66.67

57.14
66.67

57.14
66.67

57.14
66.67

57.14
66.67

57.14
66.67

42
36

42
36

42
36

42
36

42
36

42
36

30.00
33.33

60
54

60
54

60
54

60
54

60
54

54

60

60

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
D ayw ork.............................. .
Nightwork.............................
Linotype operators:
Dayw ork................................
Nightwork............................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork....
Head pressmen, nightwork .
First assistants, dayw ork_
_
First assistants, nightwork .
Second assistants, daywork .
Second assistants, nightwork.
Stereotypers:
D ayw ork..............................
Nightwork............................

BUFFALO, N. Y.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
German union, daywork___
German union, nightwork . . .
Bakers, second hands:
German union (benchmen),
dayw ork..............................
German union (benchmen),
night work...........................




28.33
31.48

28.33
31.48

28.33
31.48

28.33
31.48

30.00
33.33

25.00
27.78

25.00

25.00

25.00

26.67

26.67

60

60

60

60

27.78

27.78

27.78

29.63

29.63

54

54

54

54

54

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T a b le

21

I.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
BUFFALO, N. Y.— Concluded.

Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

Cents.
55.00
40.00
40.00
37.50
37.50
50.00
46.88
35.00
43.75
50.00
50.00

Cents.
55.00
40.00
40.00
37.50
37.50
50.00
46.88
37.50
50.00
50.00
50.00

Cents.
55.00
40.00
40.00
37.50
37.50
50.00
46.88
37.50
50.00
50.00
50.00

Cents.
60.00
45.00
45.00
40.00
40.63
55.00
50.00
40.00
50.00
55.00
50.00

Cents.
60.00
45.00
45.00
40.00
43.75
55.00
50.00
40.00
50.00
55.00
55.00

Cents.
60.00
50.00
45.00
40.00
43.75
55.00
50.00
44.00
50.00
55.00
60.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

44
48
48
48
48
48
44
48
48
48
48

44
48
48
48
48
48
44
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

Granite cutters: Insfde men..
Stonecutters, soft stone........ .

37.50
50.00

40.63
50.00

40.63
50.00

40.63
50.00

43.75
53.13

43.75
56.25

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

Blacksmiths.................................
Blacksmiths7helpers...................
Boiler makers:
Shopmen................................
Outside men..........................
Core makers.................................
Machinists....................................
Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and
machine.....................................
Pattern makers, wood:
Manufacturing shops............ .
Jobbing shops.........................

30.00
17.50

30.00
17.50

33.33
19.44

33.33
22.22

33.33
22.22

33.33
22.22

60
60

60
60

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

34.00
38.89
27.50
25.00

34.00
38.89
27.50
25.00

34.00
38.89
27.50
25.00

34.00
38.89
27.50
32.00

36.00
41.67
27.50
32.00

36.00
41.67
27.50
33.33

54
54
60
60

54
54
60
60

54
54
60
60

54
54
60
54

54
54
60
54

54
54
60
54

Building trades.
Bricklayers..........................
Carpenters............................
Cement workers (finishers) .
Inside wiremen...................
Painters................................
Plasterers.............................
Plumbers.............................
Sheet metal workers...........
Steam fitters........................
Stonemasons........................
Structural iron workers___
Marble and stone trades.

28.00

28.00

30.00

30.00

30.00

30.00

60

60

60

60

60

60

40.00
45.00

40.00
45.00

40.00
45.00

40.00
47.50

40.00
47.50

40.00
47.50

60
60

60
60

60
60

55
54

55
54

55
54

31.48
28.70
37.50

35.42
32.29
37.50

35.42
32.29
37.50

35.42
32.29
37.50

39.58
34.38
39.58

39.58
33.33
39.58

54
54
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

37.50
41.67
41.67
42.71

37.50
41.67
41.67
42.71

37.50
43.75
43.75
42.71

37.50
43.75
43.75
42.71

37.50
43.75
43.75
47.92

37.50
43. 75
43.75
50.00

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

18.52
12.96

20.37
14.81

22.92
16.67

22.92
16.67

25.00
18.75

25.00
18.75

54
54

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

31.48
24.07

33.33
24.07

38.54
27.08

38.54
27.08

38.54
29.17

38.54
29.17

54
54

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

42.71
48.96

42.71
48.96

42.71
48.96

42.71
48.96

47.92
54.17

50.00
56.25

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

47.92
54.17

50.00
56.25

48
48

48
48

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Forwarders, grade A ...........
Forwarders, grade B ...........
Compositors................................
Electro typers:
Batterymen and builders...
Finishers..............................
Molders................................
Linotype, operators....................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses...................
Platen presses......................
Pressmen:
Cylinder presses..
Plat
Printing tradesTnewspaper.
Compositors:
Nightwork............................
Linotype operators:
Daywork..............................
N ightwork........................... .
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, (fey or night
w o r k ...................................
Tension men, brakemen, oil­
ers, and platers, day or
nightwork....... ....................
Floormen, day or night work.
Stereotypers:
Dayw ork......................
Nightwork......... ..........




25.40

25.40

28.57

32.14

32.14

50.00

63

63

56

56

56

48

20.63
15.87

20.63 ! 23.21
15.87 21.43

26.79
21.43

26.79
21.43

35.42
25.00

63
63

63
63

56
56

56
56

56
56

48
48

V 50
40.00

37.50
40.00

37.50
40.00

37.50
40.00

37.50 48
4o! oo 45

48
45

48
45

48
45

48
45

48
45

37.50
40.00

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

22

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.

T a b le I .—

CHARLESTON, S. C.

Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

190S

1909

1910

1911

Cents.
40.00
28.30
22.25
40.00
38.89
38.89
40.00

Cents.
40.00
28.30
22.25
40.00
38.89
38.89
40.00

Cents.
40.00
28.30
22.25
40.00
38.89
38.89
40.00

Cents'
40.00
28.30
22.25
40.00
38.89
38.89
40.00

Cents.
40.00
33.96
25.00
40.00
38.89
38.89
40.00

Cents.
40.00
33.96
25.00
40.00
43.75
43.75
40.00

37.50

37.50

37.50

40.63

40.63

40.63

48

36.00
32.00

36.00
32.00

36.00
32.00

36.00
35.50

36.00
38.00

36.00
39.00

60

33.33

33.33

33.33

36.11

36.11
38.00

36.11
39.00

54

27.00
32.00

27.00
32.00

27.00
32.00

27.00
35.50

27.00
38.00

27.00
39.00

33.33
36.46

33.33
36.46

33.33
36.46

33.33
36.46

33.33
36.46

33.33
36.46

25.00

25.00

25.00

31.25

31.25
20.83

31.25
20.83

48

33.33

33.33

33.33

33.33

33.33

33.33

48

48

33.33
37.04

35.19
40.74

54
54

54
54

Building trades.
Bricklayers.................................
Carpenters..................................
Painters......................................
Plasters.......................................
Plumbers....................................
Steam fitters...............................
Stonemasons.............................

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 19111912

54
53
48
54
48
48
54

Marble and stone trades.
Granite cutters........................

48

48

Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops.,
Railroad shops.......... .
Boiler makers:
Shopmen................... .
Railroad shops.......... .
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops.
Railroad shops..........

54
48
54

54

54

54
54
54
48

Printing trades, book and job.
Compositors..........................
Pressmen, cylinder presses.
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 4 presses........
Operating 2 presses........

48
48

48

48

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork..............

48

48

48

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

CHICAGO, ILL.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
Bohemian union, daywork ..
Bohemian union, nightwork .
German union, hand, day­
work.....................................
German union, hand, nightwork.....................................
German union, machine, day­
work.....................................
German union, machine,
nightwork...........................
Hebrew union, nightwork . . .
Scandinavian union, day­
work.....................................
Scandinavian union, night­
work.....................................
Bakers, second hands:
Bohemian union, daywork ..
Bohemian union, nightwork.
German union, hand, day­
work.....................................
German union, hand, night­
work.....................................
German union, machine, day­
work.....................................
German union, machine,
nightwork...........................
Hebrew union, nightwork . . .




29.63
33.33

31.48

31.48

33.33

33.33

33.33

37.04

54

54

54

54. 54

54

33.33

33.33

37.04

37.04

37.04

38.89

54

54

54

54

54

54

31.48

31.48

33.33

33.33

37.50

41.67

54

54

54

54

48

48

33.33
33.33

33.33
33.33

37.04
33.33

37.04
33.33

41.67
40.74

43.75
42.59

54
60

54
60

54
60

54
60

48
54

48
54

31.48

31.48

33.33

33.33

33.33

35.19

54

54

54

54

54

54

33.33

33.33

37.04

37.04

37.04

38.89

54

54

54

54

54

54

25.93
29.63

25.93
29.63

25.93
29.63

29.63
33.33

29.63
33.33

31.48
37.04

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

27.78

27.78

29.63

29.63

29.63

33.33

54

54

54

54

54

54

54

54

54

54

54

48

48

48
54

48
54

29.63

29.63

29.63
33.33

33.33
37.04

29.63
33.33

33.33

33.33

33.33

35.19

54

27.78

27.78

29.63

29.63

33.33

37.50

54

54

54

54

29.63
30.00

29.63
30.00

33.33
30.00

33.33
30.00

37.50
37.04

39.58
38.89

54
60

54
60

54
60

54
60

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOK, 1907 TO 1932.

23

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.

T able I .—

CHICAGO, ILL.—Continued.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Bakery trades— Concluded.
Bakers, second hands—Concld.
Scandinavian union, day­
work.....................................
Scandinavian union, night­
work.....................................
Bakers, third hands:
Bohemian union, dayworlL..
Bohemian union, nightwork.
German union, hand, day­
work............ .......................
German union, hand, night­
work.....................................
German union, machine, day­
work.....................................
German union, machine,
nightwork...........................
Hebrew union, nightwork___
Scandinavian union, day­
work.....................................
Scandinavian union, night­
work.....................................

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
27.78 27.78 29.63 29.63 29.63 31.48 54

54

54

54

54

54

29.63

29.63

33.33

33.33

33.33

35.19

54

54

54

54

54

54

22.22
25.93

22.22
25.83

22.22
25.93

25.93
29.63

25.93
29.63

27.78
33.33

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

24.07

24.07

25.93

25.93

25.93

27.78

54

54

54

54

54

54

25.93

25.93

29.63

29.63

29.63

29.63

54

54

54

54

54

54

24.07

24.07

25.93

25.93

29.17

31.25

54

54

54

54

48

48

25.93
26.67

25.93
26.67

29.63
26.67

29.63
26.67

33.33
33.33

33.33
35.19

54
60

54
60

54
60

54
60

48
54

48
54

24.07

24.07

25.93

25.93

25.93

27.78

54

54

54

54

54

54

25.93

25.93

29.63

29.63

29.63

31.48

54

54

54

54

54

54

62.50
56.25
56.25
40.00
30.00
35.00
62.50
35.00
50.00
68.75
62.50

62.50
56.25
56.25
40.00
30.00
65.00
35.00
62.50
35.00
50.00
68.75
65.00

67.50
56.25
57.50
42.50
37.50
65.00
35.00
68.75
35.00
55.00
68.75
65.00

67.50
60.00
57.50
42.50
37.50
68.75
42.50
68.75
37.50
60.00
68.75
68.75

67.50
60.00
62.50
47.50
37.50
68.75
45.00
75.00
37.50
60.00
68.75
68.75

72.50 48 48
65.00 44 44
62.50 44 44
47.50 44 44
37.50 44 44
68.75
44
45.00 *48' 48
75.00 44 44
37.50 48 48
60.00 44 44
75.00 44 44
68.75 44 44

48
44
44
44
44
44
48
44
48
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

35.00
45.00

36.11
46.11

36.11
46.11

40.00
50.00

62.50
40.00
50.00

62.50
40.00
50.00

54
48

54
48

54
48

54
48

44
54
48

44
54
48

59.38

59.38

65.00

68.75

68.75
68.75

72.00
71.88

44

44

44

44

44
44

44
44

30.00
30.00
62.50
60.00

30.00
30.00
62.50
60.00

30.00
30.00
67.50
62.50

37.50
37.50
67.50
65.00

37.50
37.50
67.50
66.00

44
40.00 44 44 44 44 44
44
37.50 44 44 44 44 44
72.50 48 48 48 44 44
44
68.00 144 144 144 144 144 144

Granite cutters:
Inside men.............................. 37.50
Outside men........................... 56.25
Stonecutters, soft stone................

40.63
56.25

40.63
56.25

40.63
56.25

40.63
56.25
62.50

40.63
56.25
62.50

Building trades.
Bricklayers....................................
Carpenters.....................................
Cement workers (finishers)...........
Cement workers’ helpers..............
Cement workers* laborers.............
Gas fitters.......................................
Hod carriers...................................
Inside wiremen.............................
Laborers.........................................
Painters.........................................
Plasterers.......................................
Plumbers.......................................
Sheet-metal workers:
Outside work..........................
General work inside...............
Comice and skylight work....
Steam fitters:
Union A ..................................
Union B ..................................
Steam fitters' helpers:
Union A ....... ..........................
Union B ..................................
Stonemasons..................................
Structural ironworkers...............
Marble and stone trades.
48
44

48
44

48
44
44

48
44
44

249 249 249 249
344 344 344 344
249 249 249 249

249
344
249

48
44

48
44

M M trades.
Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops.............. 37.50 37.50 37.50 40.00 40.00 40.00 249
Outside men........................... 56.25 56.25 62.50 62.50 62.50 68.75 344
Railroad shops........................ 34.50 34.50 36.50 38.00 38.00 38.00 249
Blacksmiths’ helpers:
Manufacturing shops.............. 27.00 27.00 27.00 30.00 30.00 30.00 249
Outside men........................... 46.25 46.25 50.00 50.00 50.00 56.25 »44
Railroad shops........................ 22.00 22.00 24.00 26.00 26.00 26.00 1249
148 hours, January to March, and December.
2 54 hours January to April and September to December,
s 48 hours January to April and September to December.




249 249 249 249 249
344 344 344 344 344
249 249 249 249 249

B U L L E T IN OF T H E B U REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

24
T able

I.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
CHICAGO, ILL.—Continued.
Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Rate of wages per hour on May 15—
Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Cents.
37.50
50.00
25.00
36.11

Cents.
37.50
50.00
25.00
36.11

Cents.
37.50
50.00
25.00
36.11

Cents.
40.00
56.25
27.50
38.89

Cents.
40.00
56.25
27.50
38.89

Cents.
40.00
56.25
32.50
38.89

1491
149-J *49J 149£ !49§
44 44 44 44 44
44
H9J 149J 149^ !49J 149J !49|
54 54 54 54 54 54

39.00
45.00

39.00
45.00

49| m
49£ 49£

Metal trades—Concluded.
Boiler makers:
Shopmen.................................
Outside men...........................
Boiler makers’ helpers: Shopmen.
Core makers...................................
Machinists:
All round men and specialists.
Tool and die rnn.ker,<f.......
Holders, iron: Bench, floor, ma­
chine, and stone.........................
Pattern makers, wood:
Manufacturing shops..............
Jobbing shops.........................

36.11

36.11

36.11

38.89

38.89

38.89

54

54

54

54

54

40.00
50.00

42.00
50.00

45.00
50.00

47.50
53.00

47.50
56.25

47.50
56.25

54
m

54 54 54
49|- 49J m

54

54
44

54
44

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Cutters....................................
Cutters, finishers, and for­
warders, blank work...........
Finishers and forwarders,
printed work........................
Rulers.....................................
Compositors:
English union.........................
Bohemian union.....................
German union........................
Polish union...........................
Electrotypers:
Batterymen and builders___
Finishers.................................
Molders....................................
Linotype operators:
English union.........................
Bohemian union.....................
German union........................
Pressfeeders:
Cylinder presses......................
Platen presses.........................
Colt and Universal presses....
Pony presses...........................
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operating 2 single presses___
Operating Goss flat-bed or
double presses.....................
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 6 presses.................
Operating 5 presses.................
Operating 4 presses.................
Operating 1 to 3 presses.........

33.33

37.50

37.50

40.63

40.63

40.63

54

48

48

48

48

48

33.33

37.50

37.50

37.50

40.63

40.63

54

48

48

48

48

48

36.11
36.11

42.71
40.63

42.71
40.63

42.71
43.75

42.71
43.75

42.71
43.75

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

40.63
38.54
40.63
36.46

40.63
40.63
40.63
36.46

40.63
40.63
40.63
36.46

43.75
44.00
46.88
36.46

46.88
44.00
46.88
41.67

46.88
46.08
46.88
41.67

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

33.33
45.83
52.08

33.33
45.83
52.08

33.33
45.83
52.08

37.50
45.83
52.08

37.50
45.83
52.08

37.50
45.83
52.08

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

50.00
50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00
50.00

50.00
55.00
50.00

50.00
55.00
50.00

50.00
55.00
50.00

50.00
56.00
50.00

48
36
48

48
36
48

48 48
36 36
48 . 48

48
36
48

48
36
48

27.78
17.59
18.52
20.37

31.25
19.79
20.83
22.92

31.25
19. 79
20.83
22.92

31.25
19.79
20.83
22.92

34.38
21.88
22.92
25.00

34.38
21.88
22.92
25.00

54
54
54
54

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

41.67

46.88

46.88

46.88

50.00

50.00

54

48

48

48

48

48

47.22

52.08

53.13

52.08

57.29

57.29

54

48

48

48

48

48

36.11
33.33
30.56
27.78

40.63
37.50
34.38
31.25

40.63
37.50
34.38
31.25

40.63
37.50
34.38
31.25

43.75
40.36
37.50
34.38

43.75
40.63
37.50
34.38

54
54
54
54

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

55.00
38.54
43.75
40.00

55.00
40.63
45.83
40.00

55.00
40.63
45.83
40.00

55.00
44.00
45.83
40.00

62.00
44.00
50.00
50.00

62.00
46.08
50.00
50.00

45
48
48
48

45
48
48
48

45
48
48
48

45
48
48
48

45
48
48
48

45
48
48
48

60.00
51.04

60.00
51.04

60.00
51.04

60.00
51.04

67.00
55.21

67.00
55.21

45
48

45
48

45
48

45
48

45
48

45
48

43.75
40.00
50.00

45.83
40.00
50.00

45.83
40.00
50.00

45.83
40.00
50.00

50.00
50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00
50.00

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

51.04

51.04

51.04

51.04

55.21

55.21

48

48

48

48

48

48

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork:
English union.........................
Bohemian union.....................
German union........................
Polish union...........................
Compositors, nightwork:
English union.........................
German union........................
Linotype operators, daywork:
German union........................
Polish union...........................
Swedish union........................
Linotype operators, nightwork:
German union........................




154 hours January to April and October to December.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 191£,
T able

25

I.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
CHICAGO, ILL.—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911 | 1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912
l

Printing trades, newspaper—Con­
cluded.
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork----Head pressmen, nightwork...
Brakemen and tension men,
daywork...............................
Brakemen and tension men,
nightwork...........................
Oilers and platers, daywork..
Oilers and platers, nightwork.
Stereotypers, day or night work..

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
50.00 50.00 50.00 50.00 50.00 50.00 48
57.14 57.14 57.14 57.14 57.14 57.14 42

48
42

48
42

48' 48
42 42

48
42

43.75

43.75

43.75 : 43.75

43.75

43.75

48

48

48

48

48

48

50.00
40.63
46.43
48.39

50.00
40.63
46.43
54.84

50.00
40.63
46.43
54. S4

50.00
40.63
46.43
58.06

50.00
40.63
46.43
58.06

42
48
42
46£

42
48
42
46*

42
48 ;
42
46J

42
48
42
46*

42
48
42
46!

42
48
42
46£

54

54

54

54 54

54

50.00
40.63
46.43
58.06

CINCINNATI , OHIO.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
Oven men, hand, daywork...
Oven men, machine, nightwork.....................................
Bakers, second hands:
Daywork.................................
Nightwork...................... . ......
Bakers, third hands:
Daywork.................................
Nightwork...............................

27.78

27.78

27.78

27.78

27.78

27.78

54

54

54

31.48

31.48

31.48

31.48

31.48

31.48

54

54

54

24.07
27.78

24.07
27.78

24.07
27.78

24.07
27.78

24.07
27.78

24.07
27.78

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

18.52
22.22

18.52
22.22

18.52
22.22

18.52
22.22

18.52
22.22

18.52
22.22

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

60.00
45.00
50.00

60.00
45.00
50.00

60.00
45.00
50.00

62.50
50.00
56.25

62.50
50.00
56.25

65.00
50.00
56.25

45 45 45 45 45 45
44J 44J 441 44* 44} 44}
44f 44} 44} 44* 44} 44}

37.50
42.50
40.63
31.25
40.00
62.50
42.50
50.00
35.00

37.50
42.50
40.63
31.25
40.00
62.50
42.50
50.00
35.00

37.50
42.50
40.63
31.25
42.50
62.50
42.50
50.00
37.50

37.50
42.50
40.63
31.25
43.18
62.50
42.50
56.25
37.50

37.50
42.50
45.00
35.00
45.00
62.50
42.50
56.25
37.50

42.50
45.00
45.00
35.00
45.00
62.50
42.50
56.25
37.50

45
45
48
48
48
4U
44}
4 -?,
4
44

45
45
48
48
48
44-J
44}
44*
44“

45
45
48
48
48
44J
4 .J
444}
44

45
45
48
48
44
44}
44}
44b
44'

45
45
441
44}
44
44*
44}
44*
44'

45
45
44}
44*
44
44}
44}
44*
44

45.00
50. C
O
25.00
54.00
45.00

47.50
50.00
26.00
54.00
45.00

50.00
50.00
27.50
54.00
50.00

50.00
56.25
27.50
54.00
60.00

50.00
56.25
27.50
54.00
60.00

52.50
56.25
29.00
54.00
60.00

44£
441
44145"
48

44}
44h
4
4-|
45
48

44*
44%
44}
45
48

44h
44|
44-4
45‘
44*

44*
44*
44}
45
44*

44}
44}
44}
45
44*

Granite cutters: Machine men
and outside men........................ 45.50
Stonecutters, soft stone................ 56.25

45.50
56.25

45.50
56.25

45.50
56.25

50.00
56.25

50.00
56.25

48 48 48 48 48 48
44| 44} 44» 44* 44$ 44*

17.00

17.00

18.00

20.00
18.50

20.00
18.50

60

60

60

60

60 60
G 60
O

33 50 33 50 35 00
35 00 35 00 35.00
33.00 35 50 35.50
33 00 33 00 35 50
33.00 33 00 34 50
30.00 30.00 30.00

35.00
35.00
35.50
35.50
34.50
30.00

35.00
45.00
35.50
35.50
34.50
32.00

40.00
45.00
35.50
40.00
34.50
32.00

54
48
54
54
60
60

54
48
54
54
60
60

54
48
54
54
60
60

54
48
54
54
60
60

54
48
54
54
60
60

54
48
54
54
60
60

25 00
16.00
17.50

25 00
17 00
17.50

22.00
32.50
17.00
19.50

25.00
54
32.50 ’ 48* *48* *48’ *48* 48
19.00 54 54 54 54 54
22.00 54 54 54 54 54

54
48
54
54

Building trades.
Bricklayers.....................................
Carpenters......................................
Gas fitters......................................
Hod carriers:
Brick men...............................
Mortar men.............................
Inside wiremen.............................
Inside wiremen’s helpers..............
Painters.........................................
Plasterers.......................................
Plasterers’ laborers........................
Plumbers.......................................
Sheet-metal workers.....................
Steam fitters:
Union A ..................................
Union B ..................................
Steam fitters’ helpers....................
Stonemasons..................................
Structural ironworkers.................
Marble and stone trades.

Metal trades.
Blacksmiths..................................
Blacksmiths’ helpers.....................
Boiler makers:
Shopmen................................
Outside men...........................
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, road B...........
Railroad shops, road C...........
Railroad shops, road D ..........
Boilsr makers’ helpers:
Shopmen.................................
Outside men...........................
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, road B ..........




16.00

25 00
17 00
17.50

25 00
17 00
17.50

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

26
T a b le

I.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912- -Continued.
CINCINNATI, OHIO—Continued.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907
Metal trades—Concluded.
Core makers...................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops, allaround men.........................
Manufacturing shops, tool
and die makers...................
Manufacturing shops, spe­
cialists..................................
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, road B ..........
Railroad shops, road C ..........
Railroad shops, road D ..........
Railroad shops, road E ..........
Railroad shops, road F .........
Breweries................................
Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and
stove...........................................
Pattern makers, wood:
Manufacturing shops.............
Jobbing shops.........................

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 19111912

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
30.50 30.56 30.56 30.56 36.11 36.11 54

54

54

54

54

54

30.00

30.00

30.00

30.00

30.00

30.00

55 55

55 55

55

55

35.00

35.00

35.00

35.00

35.00

35.00

55 55

55 55

55

55

25.00
32.00
32.00
33.50
33.00
32.00
30.00
32.50

25.00
32.00
32.00
33.50
33.00
32.00
30.00
32.50

25.00
32.00
32.00
35.00
33.00
32.00
30.00
35.00

25.00
33.50
33.50
35.00
34.50
33.50
30.00
35.00

25.00
36.56
35.00
38.00
34.50
33.50
32.00
35.00

25.00
36.56
35.00
39.00
36.00
33.50
32.00
37.50

55
54
54
54
60
54
60
48

55 55
54 54
54 54
54 54
60 60
54
60
48

55
54
54
54
60
54
60
48

55
54
54
54
60
54
60
48

35.56

35.56

35.56

35.56

36.11

36.11

54 5454

54

54

54

35.00
42.00

35.00
42.00

35.00
42.00

35.00
42.00

35.00
42.00

35.00
42.00

60 6060 60
54 54 54 54

55
50

55
50

55
54
54
54
60
5454
6060
4848

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Finishers, first class...............
Finishers and forwarders,
blank w o rk .. .............. .......
Forwarders, blank work____
Compositors............................... ..
Electrotypers:
Battery m en...........................
Builders.................................
Casters and floor hands........ .
Finishers.................................
M olders................................ .
Linotype operators:
English union.......................
German union.......................
Press feeders:,
Cylinder presses......................
Automatic presses.................
Pressmen, cylinder:
Operating 1 perfecting press ..
Operating rotary press (web
press).................................. .
Operating 2 presses larger
than 53 inches.....................
Operating two-color presses
larger than 53 inches, process
or label work........................
Operating 2 presses smaller
than 53 inches, process or
label work.......................... .
Operating two-color Harris
press.....................................
Operating one-color Harris
press ...................................
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 5 presses................
Operating 4 presses................
Operating 3 presses............... .
Operating 2 presses................

38.89

43.75

43.75

43.75

43.75

43.75

54 48

48

48 48

48

2ft 78
33.33
37.50

31.25
37.50
37.50

31.25
37.50
37.50

31.25
37.50
37.50

31.25
37.50
37.50

31.25
37.50
37.50

54 48
54 48
48 48

48
48
48

48 48
48 48
48 48

48
48
48

25.00
31.25
25.00
37.50
43.75

25.00
31.25
25.00
37.50
43.75

25.00
31.25
25.00
37.50
43.75

25.00
31.25
25.00
37.50
43.75

25.00
31.25
25.00
37.50
43.75

31.25
35.42
31. 25
43.75
47.92

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

45.83
43.75

45.83
43.75

45.83
43.75

45.83
43.75

45.83
43.75

45.83
43.75

48 48
48 48

48
48

48 48
48 48

48
48

22.22
24.07

22.92
25.00

25.00
27.08

25.00
27.08

28.13
30.21

28.13
30.21

54 48
54 48

48
48

48 48
48 48

48
48

36.67

37.50

37.50

42.71

42.71

45.83

54 48

48

48 48

48

50.93

52.08

52.08

57.29

57.29

58.33

54 48

48- 48

40.74

41.67

41.67

43.75

43.75

47.92

54 48

48

48 48

48

42.78

43.75

43.75

47.92

47.92

54.17

54

48

48

48

36.67

37.50

37.50

41.67

41.67

45.83

54 48

48

48 48

48

34.26

34.38

34.38

37.50

37.50

39.58

54 48

48

48 48

48

48

48

48

48

29.63

30.21

30.21

33.33

33.33

35.42

54 48

48

48 48

48

34.26
29.63
24.07
22.22

34.38
30.21
25.00
22.92

34.38
30.21
25.00
22.92

38.54
34.38
30.21
27.08

38.54
34.38
30.21
27.08

40.63
36.46
32.29
30.21

54
54
54
54

48 48 48
48 48 48
48 48 48
4848 48

48
48
48
48

50.00

50.00

52.08

52.44

52.44

52.44

48

48
48
48
48

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork: English
union.........................................
Compositors, nightwork:
English union....................... .
German union.......................
Linotype operators, daywork:
English un ion ..........................




48

48 47§ 47§ 47§

56.25
45.00

56.25
45.00

58.33
45.00

58.33
45.00

58.33
50.00

58.33 48 48 48 48 48 48
O
50.00 140 *40 x40 *40 l40 H

50.00

50.00

52.08

52.44

52.44

52.44

i Worked 5 days per week.

48

48

48 47§ 47§ 47§

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T a b le

27

I.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
CINCINNATI, OHIO—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 19111912

Printing trades, newspaper—
Concluded.
Linotype operators, nightwork:
Cents. Cents.
56.25 56.25
English union.......................
German union....................... 45.00 45.00
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork_
_
Tension men, dayw ork.......
Oilers and platers, daywork ..
Head pressmen, nightwork ..
Tension men, nightwork___
Oilers and platers, nightwork
Stereotypers:
Daywork............................... 237.89 237.89
Nightwork............................ 41.14 41.14

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
58.33 58.33 58.33 58.33
45.00 45.00 50.00 50.00

48
UO

50.00
43.75
40.63
50.00
43.75
40.63

48
48
48
48
48
48

46.88
40.63
37.50
52.33
45.35
41.86

46.88
40.63
37.50
52.33
45.35
41.86

237.89 343.63 343.53 <44.12 *57 5
57 557
41.14 47.74 47.74
52£ 52£ 52J

651
46$

CLEVELAND, OHIO.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
Bonemian union . .
German union.......
Hebrew union........
Bakers, second hands:
Bohemian union.. .
German union.......
Hebrew union........
Bakers, third hands:
Bohemian union...
German union.......

27.78
27.78
35.42

27.78
27.78
35.42

29.63
27.78
37.50

29.63
27.78
43.75

29.63
27.78
43.75

29.63
25.93
43.75

54
54
48

54
54
48

54
54
48

54
54
48

54
54
48

54
54
48

27.78
25.93
29.17

27.78
25.93
29.17

27.78
25.93
31.25

29.63
25.93
33.33

29.63
25.93
35.42

29.63
25.93
35.42

54
54
48

54
54
48

54
54
48

54
54
48

54
54
48

54
54
48

22.22
22.22

22.22
22.22

24.07
22.22

24.07
22.22

25.93
22.22

25.93
22.22

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

60.00
45.00

60.00
45.00

60.00
45.00

62.50
45.00
50.00

48
48

48
48

47.50
25.00
25.00
56.25
40.00
56.25
56.25
37.50
50.00
25.00
50.00
60.00

50.00
25.00
25.00
56.25
40.00
56.25
56.25
37.50
50.00
25.00
50.00
60.00

52.50
25.00
25.00
62.50
40.00
62.50
56.25
42.50
56.25
25.00
50.00
60.00

65.00
45.00
50.00
30.00
28.13
57.00
25.00
28.13
62.50
45.00
62.50
62.50
42.50
56.25
28.13
50.00
65.00

48
48

45.00
25.00
25.00
50.00
40.00
56.25
50.00
37.50
50.00
25.00
50.00
60.00

62.50
45.00
50.00
30.00
25.00
55.00
25.00
25.00
62.50
42.50
62.50
56.25
42.50
56.25
25.00
50.00
65.00

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
44
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
44
48
48
48
48
48
48

48 644 644
48 48 48
48 48 48
48 48
48 48
48 48 48
48 48 48
48 48 48
48 44 44
48 48 48
44 44 44
48 48 44
48 48 48
48 48 48
48 48 48
48 48 48
48 644 644

48
48
48
44

48
48
48
44

48
48
48
44

Building trades.
Bricklayers..........................
Carpenters............................
Cement workers (finishers).
Cement workers’ helpers.. .
Hod carriers.........................
Inside wiremen...................
Inside wiremen’s helpers...
Laborers...............................
Marble setters......................
Painters................................
Plasterers.............................
Plumbers.............................
Sheet-metal workers...........
Steam fitters........................
Steam fitters’ helpers...........
Stonemasons........................
Structural iron workers___
Marble and stone trades.
Granite cutters:
37.50 37.50 37.50 37.50 40.00 41.88 48
Inside men.......................
40.63 40.63 40.63 40.63 43.75 45.00 48
Machine men...................
43.75 55.00 55.00 55.00 55.00 55.00 48
Outside men....................
50.00 50.00 50.00 56.25 56.25 60.00 44
Stonecutters, soft stone...
i Worked 5 days per week.
a 40 cents, January to March and October to December.
* 46J cents, January to March and October to December.
< 461 cents, January to March and October to December.
6 54 hours, January to March and October to December.
6 48 hours, January to March and October to December.




48
48
48
44

48
48
48
44

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BUKEAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

28
T a b le

I.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
CLEVELAND, OHIO—Concluded.

Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Metal trades.
Boiler makers:
Shopmen............................... .
Outside m en...........................
Railroad shops...................... .
Boilermakers’ helpers: Outside
men........................................... .
Core makers.................................
Machinists:
All-around men.....................
Tool and die makers.............
Specialists..............................
Molders, iron: Bench and floor...
Pattern makers, wood:
Manufacturing shops.........
Jobbing shops....................

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
33.33 33.33 33.33 33.33 33.33 33.33
45.00 45.00 45.00 45.00 50.00 50.00
30.00 32.50 32.50 32.50 34.00 35.00

54
48
54

54
48
54

54
48
54

54
48
54

54
48
54

54
48
54

35.00
30.56

35.00
30.56

35.00
30.56

35.00
30.56

40.00
36.11

40.00
36.11

48
54

48
54

48
54

48
54

48
54

48
54

36.11
40.00
30.56
33.33

36.11
40.00
30.56
33.33

36.11
40.00
30.56
33.33

36.11
40.00
30.56
36.11

36.11
40.00
30.56
36.11

36.11
40.00
30.56
36.11

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

37.50
40.00

37.50
40.00

37.50
40.00

40.00
42.50

40.00
42.50

42.50 : 54
44.00 50

54
50

54
50

54
50

54
50

54
50

27.78
33.33
27.78

31.25
37.50
31.25

31.25
37.50
31.25

31.25
37.50
31.25

31.25
37.50
31.25

31.25
37.50
31.25

54
54
54

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

37.50
22.22

37.50
22.22

37.50
25.93

37.50
25.93

37.50
25.93

39.58
31.11

48
54

48
54

48
54

48
54

48
54

48
45

22.22
22.22
33.33
33.33

22.22
22.22
33.33
33.33

22.22
22.22
33.33
33.33

29.63
27.78
37.04
38.89

33.33
31.25
41.67
43.75

33.33
31.25
41.67
43.75

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

27.78

48.44
33.33

48.44
33.33

48.44
37.04

48.44
37.04

53.75
47.78

48
54

48
54

48
54

48
54

48 : 48
54
45

20.37
13.89
15.74

22.92
15.63
17.71

22.92
15.63
17.71

25.00
17.71
19.79

27.08
19.79
21.88

27.08
19.79
21.88

54
54
54

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

33.33

37.50

37.50

37.50

39.58

39.58

54

48

48

48

48

48

26.85

30.21

30.21

30.21

32.29

32.29

54

48

48

48

48

48

27.78
25.00
22.22
20.37

31.25
28.13
25.00
22.92

31.25
28.13
25.00
22.92

31.25
28.13
25.00
22.92

33.33
30.21
27.08
25.00

33.33
30.21
27.08
25.00

54
54
54
54

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
4S

48.44
31.25
22.22

48.44
31.25
22.22

48.44
31.25
25.93

48.44
37.50
25.93

48.44
37.50
25.93

53.75
37.50
44.44

48
48
54

48
48
54

48
48
54

48
48
54

48
48
54

48
48
45

54.69

54.69

54.69

54.69

54.69

60.00

48

48

48

48

48

48

48.44
37.50
27.78

48.44
37.50
33.33

48.44
37.50
33.33

48.44
43.75
37.04

48.44
43.75
37.04

53.75
43.75
47.78

48
48
54

48
48
54

48
48
54

48
48
54

48
48
54

48
48
45

Pr inting trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Cutters..................................
Forwarders, blank work____
Forwarders, printed work...
Compositors:
English union........................
Hungarian union..................
Electrotypers:
Battery men..........................
Builders.................................
Finishers................................
Moldera..................................
Linotype operators:
English union........................
Hungarian union...................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses....................
Platen presses........................
Pony presses..........................
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operating 1 or 2 presses.......
Operating pony presses 24 by
36 inches and under............
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 5 or more presses..
Operating 4 presses............
Operating 3 presses............
Operating 1 or 2 presses. -.

48
48
48

Printing trades, neicspaper.
Compositors, daywork:
English union........................
German union.......................
Hungarian union...................
Compositors, nightwork: English
union.................................... .
Linotype operators, daywork:
English union.........................
German union........................
Hungarian union.....................
Linotype operators, nightwork:
English union............................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork___
Head pressmen, nightwork...
First assistants, dayw ork___
First assistants, nightwork...
Second assistants, daywork...
Second assistants, nightwork.
Stereotypers:
D ayw ork................................
N ightwork.............................




54.69

54.69

54.69

54.69

54.69

60.00

48

48

48

48

48

48

36.11
40.63
27.78
31.25
22.22
25.00

36.11
40.63
27.78
31.25
22.22
25.00

43.75
50.00
34.38
39.29
28.13
32.14

43.75
50.00
34.38
39.29
28.13
32.14

45.00
51.43
35.63
40.71
31.25
35.71

46.88
53.57
40.00
45.71
32.81
37.50

54
48
54
48
54
48

54
48
54
48
54
48

48
42
48
42
48
42

48
42
48
42
48
42

48
42
48
42
48
42

48
42
48
42
48
42

40.63
43.33

43.75
46.67

45.00
48.00

46.25
49.33

46.88
50.00

50.00
53.33

48
45

48
45

48
45

48
45

48
45

48
45

,

U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES A N D H O U R S OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T a b le

29

I.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
DALLAS, TEX.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

Cents.
20.51
17.95
15.38

Cents.
25.00
22.22
19.44

Cents.
27.78
25.00
22.22

Cents.
33.33
30.30
27.27

Cents.
36.67
33.33
30.00

Cents.
36.67 78
33.33 78
30.00 78

72
72
72

72
72
72

66
66
66

60
60
60

60
60
60

75.00
37.50
62.50

75.00
45.00
62.50

75.00
45.00
62.50

75.00
50.00
62.50

75.00
50.00
62.50

75.00
50.00
68.75

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

44
44
48

44
44
48

44
44
44

25.00
28.13
34.38
25.00
25.00
35.00
75.00
30.00
62.50
45.00
62.50
31.25

25.00
28.13
37.50
25.00
25.00
37.50
75.00
30.00
62.50
45.00
62.50
31.25

25.00
28.13
43.75
25.00
25.00
37.50
75.00
30.00
62.50
45.00
62.50
31.25

25.00
28.13
43.75
25.00
25.00
43.75
75.00
30.00
62.50
45.00
62.50
31.25
50.00

25.00
28.13
50.00
25.00
25.00
43.75
75.00
30.00
62.50
50.00
62.50
31.25
56.25

25.00
28.13
50.00
25.00
25.00
43.75
75.00
30.00
68.75
50.00
68.75
31.25
56.25

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

44
44
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

44
44
48
48
48
48
44
44
48
48
48
48
44

44
44
48
48
48
48
44
44
44
48
44
44
44

62.50

62.50

62.50

62.50

62.50

62.50

44

44

44

44

44

44

Core makers.................................. 36.11
Machinists..................................... 40.00
Holders, iron: Bench, floor, and
machines.................................... 36.11

36.11
40.00

36.11
40.00

36.11
40.00

36.11
40.00

36.11
40.00

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

36.11

36.11

36.11

36.11

36.11

54

54

54

54

54

54

33.33
41.67

33.33
41.67

33.33
41.67

37.50
45.83

37.50
45.83

37.50
45.83

54
48

54
48

54
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

64.58

64.58

37.50
41.67
64.58

37.50 37.50
41.67 * 41.67
64.58 64.58

37.50
41.67
64.58

48

48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

18.33
21.67
30.00

18.33
21.67
30.00

22.00
24.75
33.33

27.50
30.94
41.67

27.50
30.94
41.67

27.50
30.94
41.67

60
60
60

60
60
60

60
60
60

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

25.00
20.00

25.00
20.00

27.50
22.00

34.38
27.50

34.38
27.50

34.38
27.50

60
60

60
60

60
60

48
48

48
48

48
48

41.67
55.00

41.67
55.00

55.00
62.50

55.00
62.50

55.00
62.50

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

54

54

54

54

48

48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

Bakery trades.
Bakers:
First hands...
Second hands.
Third hands..

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Building trades.
Bricklayers.......................
Carpenters........................
Gas fitters.........................
Hod carriers:
Brick men.................
Mortar men...............
Inside wiremen................
Inside wiremen’s helpers.
Laborers...........................
Painters............................
Plasterers.........................
Plasterers’ laborers..........
Plumbers.........................
Sheet-metal workers........
Steam fitters....................
Steam fitters’ helpers____
Structural iron workers...
Marble and stone trades.
Stonecutters, soft stone.
Metal trades.

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders: Cutters, finishers,
forwarders, and rulers, blank
work...........................................
Compositors............................... .
Electrotypers:
Finishers............................... .
Holders...................................
Linotype operators.......................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses, commercial.
Cylinder presses, publication.
Pressmen, cylinder presses..........
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operatmg 3 presses................
Operating 1 or 2 presses.........
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork................................ 41.67
Nightwork............................. 55.00
Pressmen, web: Day or night
work........................................... 29.63
Stereotypers:
Daywork................................
Nightwork.............................




29.63

29.63

33.33

37.50

43.75

37.50
40.63

40.63
40.63

41.67
44.79

41.67
44.79

30

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
DENVER, COLO.

Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
Foreman, over 2 or more Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
bench hands........................
36.84
Foreman, alone or over 1 man.
33.33
Oven men...............................
31.58
Mixers.....................................
31.58
Bakers, second hands...................
26.32

Cents.
38.60
35.09
33.33
33.33
29.82

Cents.
44.44
40.74
37.04
37.04
33.33

57
57
57
57
57

57
57
57
57
57

54
54
54
54
54

Building trades.
Bricklayers....................................
Carpenters.....................................
Cement workers (finishers)..........
Cement workers’ helpers..............
Cement workers’ laborers.............
Gas fitters......................................
Hod carriers:
Brick men...............................
Mortar men.............................
Inside wire men............................
Marble setters................................
Painters.........................................
Plasterers.......................................
Plasterers’ laborers............ ; .........
Plumbers.......................................
Sheet-metal workers.....................
Steam fitters:
Union A, railroad shops........
Union B ..................................
Steam fitters’ helpers:
Union A, railroad shops.........
Union B ..................................
Stone masons................................
Structural-iron workers...............

75.00
50.00
68.75
43.75
37.50
56.25

75.00
55.00
68.75
43.75
37.50
62.50

75.00
60.00
68.75
43.75
37.50
62.50

75.00
60.00
68.75
43.75
37.50
62.50

75.00
60.00
68.75
43.75
37.50
62.50

75.00
60.00
68.75
43.75
37.50
62.50

44
44
44
44
44
48

44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44

34.38
37.50
53.13
55.00
50.00
68.75
40.63
56.25
46.88

37.50
40.63
53.13
62.50
50.00
68.75
43.75
62.50
53.13

37.50
40.63
53.13
62.50
50.00
68.75
43.75
62.50
56.25

37.50
40.63
56.25
62.50
50.00
68.75
43.75
62.50
56.25

37.50
40.63
56.25
62.50
50.00
68.75
43.75
62.50
56.25

37.50
40.63
56.25
62.50
50.00
68.75
43.75
62.50
56.25

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
48
44

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

36.00
56.25

36.00
62.50

36.00
62.50

36.00
62.50

41.00
62.50

41.00
62.50

54
48

54
44

54
44

54
44

48
44

48
44

20.00
28.13
62.50
50.00

20.00
31.25
62.50
56.25

20.00
31.25
62.50
56.25

20.00
31.25
62.50
56.25

23.50
31.25
62.50
56.25

23.50
31.25
62.50
56.25

54
48
44
44

54
44
44
44

54
44
44
44

54
44
44
44

48
44
44
44

48
44
44
44

Granite cutters: Inside men and
outside men................................ 50.00
Stonecutters, soft stone................ 62.50

50.00
62.50

57.00
62.50

57.00
62.50

57.00
62.50

57.00
62.50

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

36.00
35.00
36.00

36.00
38.50
36.00

36.00
38.50
36.00

40.00
41.50
40.00

40.00
42.50
40.00

40.00
42.50
41.50

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
48
54

54
48
54

23.00
22.50
23.00

23.00
24.75
23.00

23.00
24.75
23.00

25.00
28.00
27.00

25.00
29.00
27.00

25.00
29.00
28.00

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
48
54

54
48
54

37.00
37.00
37.00

37.00
37.00
37.00

37.00
40.00
40.00

37.00
41.00
40.00

37.00 41.00
41.00* 41.00
40.00 41.00

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
48
54

54
48
54

25.00
22.00
41.67

25.00
22.00
38.89

25.00
22.00
38.89

28.00
25.00
38.89

28.00
25.00
41.67

28.00
28.00
41.67

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

48
54
54

48
54
54

37.50
40.00
40.00

37.50
40.00
40.00

37.50
40.00
40.00

37.50
40.00
40.00

37.50
41.00
40.00

40.00
41.00
40.00

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
48
54

54
48
54

44.44

41.67

41.67

41.67

44.44

44.44

54

54

54

54

54

54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54
54 I 54

Marble and stone trades.

Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, other.............
Blacksmiths’ helpers:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, other.............
Boiler makers:
Shopmen.................................
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, other.............
Boiler makers’ helpers:
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, other.............
Core makers...................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, other.............
Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and
machine.............. ......................
Pattern makers, wood:
Jobbing shops.........................
Railroad shops........................




40.00
37.00

40.00
37.00

40.00
37.00

40.00
37.00

45.00
39.00

45.00
39.00

54
54

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T a b le

31

I.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
DENVER, COLO.—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 1 5 -

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders: Cutters, finishers,
forwarders, and rulers, printed
and blank work.........................
Compositors..................................
Electrotypers:
Batterymen and builders......
Finishers.................................
Molders...................................
Linotype operators.......................
Press ‘feeders:
Cylinder presses.....................
Platen presses.........................
Pressmen, cylinder presses: Op­
erating 2 presses.........................
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 7 presses................
Operating 6 presses................
Operating 5 presses................
Operating 3 or 4 presses.........
Operating 1 or 2 presses.........

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
37.50 37.50 41.67 41.67 45.83 47.92 48
45.83 45.83 45.83 45.83 52.08 53.13 48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

33.33
43.75
52.08
52.71

33.33
43.75
52.08
52.71

33.33
43.75
52.08
52.71

33.33
43.75
52.08
52.71

33.33
43.75
52.08
52.08

33.33
43.75
52.08
53.13

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

29.17

29.17

29.17

31.25

31.25
18.75

33.33
18.75

48

48

48

48

48
48

48
48

43.75

47.92

47.92

47.92

52.08

54.17

48

48

48

48

48

48

45.83
45.83
37.50
37.50
31.25

45.83
45.83
37.50
37.50
31.25

45.83
45.83
41.67
37.50
33.33

52.08
50.00
45.83
41.67
37.50

52.08
50.00
45.83
41.67
37.50

52.08
50.00
45.83
41.67
37.50

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

50.00
56.52

50.00
56.52

55.00
62.17

55.00
62.17

63.33
70.00

63.33
70.00

46
46

46
46

46
46

46
46

45
45

45
45

50.00
56.52

78.26
91.30

55.00
62.17

55.00
62.17

63.33
70.00

63.33
70.00

46
46

46
46

46
46

46
46

45
45

45
45

45.00
38.13

45.00
38.13

45.00
38.13

54.00
45.75

62.50
50.00

62.50
50.00

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

46.88

46.88

46.88

50.00

53.13
53.13

53.13
53.13

48

48

48

48

48
48

48
48

33.33
35.09

35.29

29.41

31.37
33.33

21.05

25.93

62.50
50.00
46.88
28.13
40.00
62.50
37.50
50.00
40.00
50.00

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork.................................
Nightwork..............................
Linotype operators:
Daywork.................................
Nightwork..............................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork___
Journeymen, daywork...........
Stereotypers:
Daywork.................................
Nightwork..............................

DETROIT, MICH.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
German union........................
Hebrew union.........................
Bakers, second hands.
German union........................ 27.45
Hebrew union.........................
Bakers, third hands: Hebrew
union..........................................

27.45

27.45

29.41

51
54
51

51

51

51

51
54
57

54

Building trades.
Bricklayers....................................
Carpenters.....................................
Inside wiremen.............................
Inside wiremen’s helpers..............
Painters.........................................
Plasterers................................... .
Plasterers’ laborers........................
Plumbers.......................................
Sheet-metal workers.....................
Steam fitters.................................
Steam-fitters’ helpers....................
Stonemasons................................
Structural iron workers................

57.50
35.00
40.00
25.00
35.00
53.13
32.50
46.88

60.00
37.50
40.00
25.00
35.00
56.25
30.00
46.88

60.00
37.50
40.00
25.00
37.50
56.25
33.00
46.88

46.88

46.88

50.00

21.88

21.88

46.88

62.50
45.00
43.75
25.00
40.00
60.00
35.00
50.00
37.50
50.00

21.88

21.88

21.88

21.88

55.00
50.00

55.00
50.00

55.00
50.00

55.00
50.00

55.00
50.00

55.00
60.00

144 hours, June 15 to September 15.

5653°—13------3



62.50
40.00
43.75
25.00
37.50
60.00
35.00
50.00

2 44 hours, June to September.

48
48
48
44
44
48
48
48
48
48
248

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

32
T able

I.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
DETROIT, MICH.—Concluded.

Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Marble and stone trades.
Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
Granite cutters: Inside men......... 37.50 37.50 37.50 40.63 40.63 40.63
Stonecutters, soft stone................. 50.00 50.00 50.00 56.25 56.25 56.25

48
44

48
44

48
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

60
48

60
48

60
48

60
48

60
48
60
54

Metal trades.
Boiler makers:
Shopmen.................................
Outside men...........................
Railroad shops........................
Core makers...................................
Machinists:
All-round men........................
Die makers, trimmers............
Die sinkers..............................
Molders, iron:
Bench, floor, and machine
(stoves)................................
Bench and floor (machinery).
Bench and floor (malleable
iron).................... ................

30.00
37.50

35.00
43.75

35.00
50.00

35.00
50.00

25.00

25.00

27.78

36.11

35.00
50.00
34.00
36.11

34.00
50.00
34.00
36.11

60

60

54

54

60
48
60
54

33.33
35.00
50.00

55

55

55

55
55

55
55
55

55
55
55

37.50

42.50

42.50

42.50
50.00

33.33
42.50
50.00

34.72
30.00

34.72
30.00

34.72
33.33

34.72
36.11

36.11
36.11

36.67
36.11

54
60

54
60

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

28.50

26.00

28.50

32.50

32.50

32.50

60

60

60

55

55

55

29.63
35.42

33.33
35.42

33.33
35.42

33.33
35.42

3.3.33
35.42

33.33
38.54

54
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

24.51
35.29
35.29
50.00

24.51
35.29
35.29
50.00

24.51
35.29
35.29
50.00

24.51
35.29
35.29
50.00

26.04
37.50
37.50
50.00

26.04
37.50
37.50
50.00

51
51
51
48

51
51
51
48

51
51
51
48

51
51
51
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

18.52

20.83

25.00

25.00

25.00
20.83

27.08
22.92

54

48

48

48

48
48

48
48

31.48

35.42

37.50

37.50

37.50
37.50

37.50
37.50

54

48

48

48

48
48

48
48

50.00
34.38

50.00
34.38

50.00
34.38

50.00
34.38

50.00
37.50

50.00
37.50

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48

48

48

48

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders: Cutters, forwarders,
blank and printed work; rulers.
Compositors...................................
Electrotypers:
Battery men and builders___
Finishers.................................
Molders...................................
Linotype operators........................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses......................
Platen presses.........................
Pressmen, cylinder presses: Operrating 1 or 2 presses.....................
Pressmen, platen presses..............
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork:
English union.........................
German union........................
Compositors, nightwork: Eng­
lish union....................................
Linotype operators, daywork:
English union.........................
German union........................
Linotype operators, nightwork:
English union.............................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork___
Head pressmen, nightwork ..
Tensionmen, daywork..........
Oilers and platers, daywork..
Floormen, daywork...............
Journeymen, nightwork.......
Stereotypers:
Daywork.................................
Nightwork.............................




55.00

55.00

55.00

55.00

55.00

55.00

48

48

50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00

50.00 48 48 48 48 48
50.00 140 140 140 140 140

48
140

55.00

55.00

55.00

55.00

55.00

55.00

48

48

48

48

48

48

39.58
39.58
35.42
34.38
33.33
35.42

39.58
39.58
35.42
34.38
33.33
35.42

39.58
39.58
35.42
34.38
33.33
35.42

43.75
43.75
38.54
36.46
35.42
38.54

43.75
43.75
38.54
36.46
35.42
38.54

47.92
47.92
40.63
40.63
37.50
40.63

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

43.75
50.00

43.75
50.00

43.75
50.00

45.00
51.43

46.25
52.86

50.00
57.14

48
42

48
42

48
42

48
42

48
42

48
42

i Worked 5 days per week.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.

33

T a b l e I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
FALL RIVER, MASS.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Bakery trades.
Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
Bakers:
First- ba/nrl............ „ r,. r, n___ 28.33 ?8.33 28.33 30.00 33.33 33.33 60
Second hand........................... 23.33 93.33 23.33 25.00 27.78 27.78 60
Third hand............................. 18.33 18.33 18.33 20.00 22.22 22.22 60
Building trades.
Bricklayers.............. .....................
Carpenters......................................
Inside wiremen.............................
Inside wiremen’s helpers..............
Painters..........................................
Plumbers.......................................
Sheet-metal workers......................
Stonemasons.................................

52.50
37.50
27.78
13.89
27.78

52.50
37.50
27.78
13.89
34.38
36.11

52.50

52.50
37.50
34.38
15.63
34.38
40.63

60
60
60

52.50 j 52.50

52.50
37.50
37.50
15.63
37.50
40.63
31.25
52.50

55.00
42.00
37.50
18.75
37.50
43.75
34.38
55.00

55.00 48 48
42.00 48 48
37.50 54 54
18.75 ' 54 54
37.50 i 54 48
43.75
54
34.38
55.00 48* *48*

60
60
60

60
60
60

54
54
54

54
54
54

48
48
48
48
44
48
48
*48* 48

48
48
48
48
44
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
44
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

Marble and stone trades.
......... 40.63

40.63

40.63

40.63

40.63

40.63

48

48

48

48

48

48

Metal trades.
Core makers................................... 25.00
Molders, iron: Bench and floor___ 25.00

25.00
25.00

27.50
27.50

27.50
27.50

27.50
27.50

27.50
27.50

60
60

60
60

60
60

60
60

60
60

60
60

27.08

33.33

33.33

33.33

33.33

33.33

48

48

48

48

48

48

27.08
31.25
37.50
37.50
37.50

33.33
37.50
41.67
37.50
37.50

33.33
37.50
41.67
41.67
37.50

37.50
41.67
41.67
41.67
41.67

37.50
41.67
41.67
41.67
41.67

37.50 48 48 48
41.67 48 48 48
41.67 48 48 48
41.67 48 48 48
47.92 148 148 J48

48 48
48 48
48 48
48 48
148 148

48
48
48
48
48

Granite cutters: Inside

Printing trades, book and job.
Compositors...................................
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork:
Makers-up.............- ................
Advertising work...................
Linotype operators, daywork___
Pressmen, web presses, daywork.
Stereotypers, dayw ork................

INDIANAPOLIS, IND.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
Oven men, hand, daywork...
Oven men,machine,nightwork
Bakers:
Second hands..........................
Third ba-nris............................
Building trades.
Bricklayers....................................
Carpenters.....................................
Cement workers (finishers)..........
Gas fitters.......................................
Hod carriers:
Brick men...............................
Mortar men.............................
Inside wiremen.............................
Inside wiremen’s helpers...............
Marble setters................................
Painters..........................................
Plasterers.......................................
Plasterers’ laborers........................
Plumbers.......................................
Sheet-metal workers......................
Steam fitters..................................
Steam fitters’ helpers3 ..................
Stonemasons................................
Structural-iron workers...............

26.67
30.00

26.67
30.00

26.67
30.00

26 67
30.00

26.67
30.00

26.67
30.00

60
60

60
60

60
60

60
60

60
60

60
60

23.33
20.00

23.33
20.00

23.33
20.00

23.33
20.00

23.33
20.00

26.67
20.00

60
60

60
60

60
60

60
60

60
60

60
60

65.00

65.00

65.00

65.00

70.00 70.00 244 244 244 244
40.00 45.00
50.00 50.00
54
56.25 56.25 47 47 47 47

44
44J
54'
47

44
44|
54
44

44
44
48
48
44
48
44J
44J
47
4S
47
47
44
48

44
44
48
48
44
48
44\
44|
44
48
44
44
44
44

50.00

50.00

50.00

40.00
50.00

28.13
31.25
32.50
15.00
56.25

28.13
31.25
32.50
15.00
56.25

28.13
31.25
32.50
17.50
56.25

31.50
34.50
40.00
22.50
56.25

55.00
31.25
50.00
32.50
50.00
28.13
50.00
50.00

55.00
31.25
50.00
37.50
50.00
28.13
50.00
50.00

55.00
31.25
50.00
40.00
50.00
28.13
50.00
50.00

62.50
34.50
50.00
40.00
50.00
28.13
50.00
60.00

1Worked only 46 hours.
247 hours January to March, and November and December.




35.00
35.00
41.50
22.50
62.50
37.50
62.50
35.00
56.25
42.00
56.25
28.13
65.00
60.00

35.00 244 244 244 244
35.00 244 244 244 244
45.00 54 54 54 48
22.50 54 54 54 48
62.50 48 48 44 44
42.50
62.50 44J 44J 44| 44J
37.50 441 44| 44J 44|
56.25 47 47 47 47
45.00 48 48 48 48
56.25 47 47 47 47
28.13 47 47 47 47
65.00 244 244 244 244
65.00 48 48 48 48

8 Scale after first year of service.

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

34
T able

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
INDIANAPOLIS, IND.—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907
Marble and stone trades.
Stonecutters, soft stone................
Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Blacksmiths’ helpers:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Boiler makers:
Shopmen.................................
Outside men...........................
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, road B ..........
Railroad shops, road C..........
Boiler makers’ helpers: Railroad
shops, road A ..............................
Core makers...................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, road B ..........
Railroad shops, road C..........
Railroad shops, road D ..........
Molders, iron:
Bench......................................
Floor........................................
Machine...................................
Pattern makers, wood:
Manufacturing shops..............
Jobbing shops.........................
Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders, all classifications..
Compositors:
English union.........................
German union..........................
Electrotypers:
Battery men...........................
Builders..................................
Finishers..................................
Molders...................................
Linotype operators........................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses......................
Pony presses...........................
Pressmen, cylinder presses: Op­
erating 1 or 2 presses..................
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 5 presses.................
Operating 4 presses.................
Operating 3 presses.................
Operating 2 presses.................
Operating 1 press....................
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork:
English unions........................
German unions.......................
Compositors, nightwork...............
Linotype operators, daywork:
English unions........................
German unions.......................
Linotype operators, nightwork...
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, day or night
work.....................................
Journeymen, day or night
work.....................................
Stereotypers, day or night work..




1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
50.00 50.00 50.00 50.00 56.25 56.25 47

47

47

47

47

47

28. C 28.00
O
28.00 31.00

33.50
31.00

33.50
32.50

33.50
33.50

35.00
33.50

54
60

54
60

54
60

54
60

54
54

54
54

16.00
16.00

18.00
17.00

18.00
18.00

18.00
19.00

18.00
19.50

54
60

54
60

54
60

54
60

54
54

54
54

55

50

50

60
60
54

16.00
17.00

32.00

32.00

32.00

32.50
33.00
33.00

35.50
33.00
33.00

35.50
33.00
33.00

32.00
60.00
36.50
33.00
36.00

32.00
60.00
36.50
35.00
36.00

32.00
40.00
36.50
35.00
36.00

60
60
54

54
60
54

50
48
54
60
54

50
48
54
54
54

50
48
54
54
54

27.50

15.00
27.50

16.67
27.50

20.00
27.50

20.00
30.56

20.00
60
32.22 *60* 60

54
60

54
60

54
54

54
54

32.50
30.50
30.50
31.00
33.50

32.50
30.50
33.50
31.00
33.50

32.50
30.50
33.50
33.00
33.50

32.50
30.50
33.50
33.00
33.50

35.00
33.50
35.00
35.00
35.00

35.00
33.50
35.00
35.00
35.00

50
60
60
54
54

50
60
60
54
54

50
54
60
54
54

50
54
54
54
54

50
54
54
54
54

50
54
54
54
54

30.50
32.50
26.50

30.50
32.50
26.50

30.50
32.50
26.50

30.50
32.50
26.50

33.89
36.11
29.44

35.56
36.11
31.11

60
60
60

60
60
60

60
60
60

60
60
60

54
54
54

54
54
54

35.00
42.50

37.50
42.50

37.50
42.50

40.00
45.00

40.00
47.50

42.50
50.00

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
50

54
50

54
50

34.07

34.07

34.07

34.07

41.67

41.67

54

54

54

54

48

48

39.58
33.33

39.58
33.33

39.58
36.25

39.58
39.58

39.58
39.58

41.67
39.58

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

24.07
27.78
36.11
36.11
45.83

24.07
27.78
36.11
36.11
45.83

27.08
31.25
40.63
40.63
45.83

27.08
31.25
40.63
40.63
47.92

31.25
34.38
43.75
45.83
48.96

31.25
34.38
43.75
45.83
50.00

54
54
54
54
48

54
54
54
54
48

48
48
48
48
48

48'
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

22.22
14.81

25.00
16.67

27.08
18.75

27.08
18.75

27.08
18.75

27.08
18.75

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

35.19

39.58

41.67

41.67

41.67

41.67

54

48

48

48

48

48

33.33
29.63
25.93
22.22
18.52

37.50
33.33
29.17
25.00
20.83

39.58
35.42
31.25
27.08
22.92

39.58
35.42
31.25
27.08
22.92

39.58
35.42
31.25
27.08
22.92

39.58
35.42
31.25
27.08
22.92

54
54
54
54
54

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

45.83
33.33
50.00

45.83
33.33
50.00

45.83
36.25
50.00

47.92
39.58
52.08

48.96
39.58
53.13

50.00
39.58
54.17

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

45.83

45.83

45.83

47.92

48

48

50.00

52.08

50.00
45.83
54.17

48

50.00

48.96
45.83
53.13

48

50.00

48

48

48

48

48
48
48

48
48
48

46.88

46.88

46.88

52.08

52.08

52.08

48

48

48

48

48

48

31.25
43.75

31.25
43.75

31.25
43.75

41.67
43.75

41.67
43.75

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

41.67
46.88

48
48

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.

35

T a b l e I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

Cents.
50.00
31.25
34.38
31.25
50.00
56.25

Cents.
50.00
31.25
37.50
31.25
50.00
56.25

Cents.
50.00
31.25
37.50
31.25
50.00
56.25

Cents.
50.00
31.25
37.50
31.25
50.00
62.50

Cents.
50.00
31.25
37.50
31.25
50.00
62.50

Cents.
50.00
31.25
31.25
37.50
56.25
62.50

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

37.50
30.00
56.25
50.00

37.50
30.00
56.25
50.00

37.50
30.00
56.25
50.00

37.50
33.50
62.50
50.00

37.50
33.50
62.50
50.00

37.50
35.50
62.50
50.00

48
54
48
48

48
54
48
48

48
54
48
48

48
54
48
48

48
54
48
48

48
54
48
48

Stonecutters, soft stone................. 50.00

50.00

50.00

50.00

50.00

50.00

45

45

45

45

45

45

32.50
32.50

32.50
34.00

32.50
37.50

38.00
39.00

40.00
39.00

60
54

60
54

60
54

60
54

54
54

54
54

32.50

32.50

32.50

32.50

36.00

38.00

40.00

40.00

36.50
40.00
41.50

36.50 60 60 60 60 54
42.50
54
42.50 *54* *54* *54* *54* 54

54
54
54

32.50
34.50
34.00

32.50
34.50
34.00

32.50
34.50
34.00

32.50
37.50
37.50

36.50
40.00
37.50

37.50
40.00
40.00

60
54
54

60
54
54

60
54
54

60
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

37.50
37.50

37.50
37.50

37.50
37.50

37.50
37.50

37.50
43.75

37.50
43.75

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

18.52
14.81

20.83
16.67

20.83
16.67

20.83
16.67

20.83
16.67

20.83
16.67

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

Building trades.
Bricklayers....................................
Carpenters......................................
Inside wiremen..............................
Painters..........................................
Plasterers.......................................
Plumbers.......................................
Sheet-metal workers:
Manufacturing shops.............
Railroad shops........................
Steam fitters..................................
Stonemasons.................................

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Marble and stone trades.

Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops........................
Boiler makers:
Shopmen.................................
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, other.............
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, other.............

32.50
32.50

Printing trades, book and job.
Compositors...................................
Linotype operators........................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses......................
Platen presses.........................
Pressmen, cylinder presses: Opperating 1 or 2 presses...............
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 7 presses.................
Operating 4 presses.................
Operating 1 to 3 presses.........

33.33

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

54

48

48

48

48

48

33.33
27.78
22.22

37.50
31.25
25.00

37.50
31.25
25.00

37.50
31.25
25.00

37.50
31.25
25.00

37.50
31.25
25.00

54
54
54

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

48 .48

48

48

48

48

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors...................................
Pressmen, web presses:
First assistants, day or night
work.....................................
Second assistants, day or
night work...........................
Third assistants, day or night
work.....................................

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

48

48

48

48

48

48

31.25

31.25

31.25

31.25

31.25

31.25

48

48

48

48

48

48

25.00

25.00

25.00

25.00

25.00

25.00

48

48

48

48

48

48

KANSAS CITY, MO.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
Hand.......................................
Oven men, hand.....................
Oven men, machine...............
Foremen, hand.......................
Foremen, machine.................
Bakers, second hands:
Bench hands, hand................
Drawers, machine...................




29.63
33.33
33.33
38.89
38.89

29.63
33.33
33.33
38.89
38.89

33.33
33.33
33.33
38.89
38.89

33.33
33.33
33.33
38.89
38.89

35.19
37.04
41.67
44.44
50.00

35.19
38.89
43.75
48.15
54.17

54
54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54
54

54
54
48
54
48

54
54
48
54
48

27.78
31.48

27.78
31.48

29.63
31.48

29.63
31.48

33.33
39.58

35.19
41.67

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
48

54
48

BULLETIN OF TH E BTJKEAU OF LABOE STATISTICS.

36
T able

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
KANSAS C ITY , MO.—Continued.

Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

Cents.
70.00
45.00
45.00
25.00
62.50

Cents.
70.00
45.00
45.00
25.00
62.50

Cents.
70.00
50.00
50.00
30.00
62.50

Cents.
75.00
50.00
50.00
30.00
62.50

Cents.
75.00
55.00
56.25
40.00
62.50

Cents.
75.00
55.00
56.25
40.00
62.50

35.00
37.50
40.00
25.00
25.00

35.00
37.50
50.00
25.00
25.00

37.50
37.50
50.00
25.00
25.00

37.50
37.50
50.00
25.00
25.00

45.00
68.75
35.00
62.50
40.00
62.50
25.00
60.00
56.25

45.00
75.00
35.00
62.50
42.50
62.50
25.00
60.00
56.25

50.00
75.00
37.50
62.50
50.00
62.50
31.25
60.00
56.25

50.00
75.00
37.50
62.50
50.00
62.50
31.25
62.50
56.25

37.50
37.50
56.25
25.00
25.00
68.75
50.00
75.00
37.50
62.50
50.00
62.50
31.25
62.50
62.50

37.50 48 48
37.50 48 48
56.25 48 48
25.00 48 48
25.00 48 48
68.75
50.00 48 48
75.00 48 44
37.50 48 44
62.50 48 48
50.00 48 48
62.50 144 144
31.25 144 144
62.50 48 48
62.50 48 48

Granite cutters.............................. 45.00
Stonecutters, soft stone................. 56.25

45.00
56.25

45.00
56.25

45.00
56.25

45.00
56.25

45.00
56.25

48
44

48
44

48
44

48
44

48
44

48
44

38.00
38.00
36.00

38.00
40.00
36.00

38.00
40.00
39.00

38.00
40.00
39.00

38.00
45.00
40.00

38.00
45.00
40.00

60
60
60

60
60
60

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54.
54

16.00
20.00
18.00
33.33

16.00
22.00
18.00
33.33

16.00
22.00
21.00
33.33

16.00
22.00
21.00
36.11

16.00
27.00
22.00
36.11

16.00
27.00
22.00
36.11

60
60
60
54

60
60
60
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

37.00
40.00
37.00
35.00

37.00
40.00
37.00
35.00

37.00
40.00
37.00
35.00

37.00
40.00
37.00
35.00

37.00
40.00
40.00
35.00

37.00
40.00
40.00
35.00

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

33.33

33.33

33.33

36.11

36.11

36.11

54

54

54

54

54

54

32.50

32.50

35.00

37.50

40.00
42.50

40.00
42.50

54

54

54

54

54 54
49£ 494

Building trades.
Bricklayers....................................
Carpenters.....................................
Cement workers (finishers)..........
C ement workers' helpers..............
Gas fitters......................................
Hod carriers:
Hod carriers............................
Stone masons’ helpers............
Inside wireinen.............................
Inside wiremen’s helpers..............
Laborers.........................................
Marble setters................................
Painters..........................................
Plasterers.......................................
Plasterers’ laborers........................
Plumbers.......................................
Sheet-metal workers....................
Steam fitters..................................
Steam fitters’ helpers....................
Stonemasons..................................
Structural iron workers................

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

48
48
44
44
48

48
48
44
44
48

48
48
44
44
48

48
48
44
44
48

44
44
44
44
48

44
44
44
44
48

44
48
48
48
48
44
48 44 44
44 44 44
44 44 44
48 48 48
48 48 48
144 144 44
144 144 44
48 48 48
48 48 48

44
48
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
48
44
44
44
48
44

48 148
48 48
48 48
48 48
48 48

Marble and stone trades.

Metal trades.
Boiler makers:
Shopmen.................................
Outside men...........................
Railroad shops........................
Boiler-makers’ helpers:
Shopmen.................................
Outside men...........................
Railroad shops........................
Core makers...................................
Machinists:
All-round men........................
Tool and die makers..............
Railroad shops........................
Packing houses.......................
Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and
machine......................................
Pattern makers, wood:
Manufacturing shops..............
Jobbing shops.........................
Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Cutters.....................................
Cutters and machine opera­
tors .......................................
Finishers, first-class...............
Finishers, second-class...........
Forwarders, first-class............
Forwarders, second-class.......
Rulers......................................
Rulers, first-class....................
Compositors...................................
Electrotypers: Molders, battery
men, builders, and finishers___
Linotype operators........................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses......................
Platen presses.........................
Pony presses...........................




27.78

31.25

35.42

35.42

35.42

35.42

54

48

48

48

48

48

25.00
29.63
27.78
29.83
27.78
27.78
29.63
35.42

28.13
33.33
31.25
33.33
31.25
31.25
33.33
37.50

35.42
37.50
33.33
37.50
33.33
33.33
37.50
37.50

37.50
37.50
33.33
37.50
33.33
33.33
37.50
37.50

37.50
37.50
33.33
37.50
33.33
33.33
37.50
39.58

37.50
37.50
33.33
37.50
33.33
33.33
37.50
39.58

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

33.33
50.00

37.50
50.00

37.50
50.00

43.75
53.13

43.75
53.13

43.75
53.13

54
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

23.15
16.67
20.37

26.04
18.75
22.92

26.04
18.75
22.92

26.04
18.75
22.92

28.13
18.75
25.00

30.21
18.75
27.08

54
54
54

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

148 hours, January to April and September to December.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T able

37

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
KANSAS CITY, MO.—Concluded.
Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Rate of wages per hour on May 15—
Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 19111912

Printing trades, book and job—
Concluded.
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operating 1 cylinder press 24
by 36 inches or under, and
2 platen presses................. .
Operating 1 press 24 by 36
inches or under, or 2 presses
24 by 36 inches or under,
under a foreman..................
Operating 1 press 38 by 56
inches...................................
Operating 2 presses under a
foreman................................
Operating 2 presses 24 by 36
inches or under....................
Pressmen, Platen:
Operating 5 to 7 presses.........
Operating 3 or 4 presses.........
Operating 1 or 2 presses.........

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
31.48 37.50 37.50 37.50 39.58 41.67

27.78

33.33

33.33

33.33

35.42

37.50

33.33

39.58

39.58

39.58

41.67

43.75

33.33

37.50

37.50

37.50

41.67

43.75

33.33

39.58

39.58

39.58

41.67

43.75

29.63
25.93
20.37

35.42
31.25
25.00

35.42
31.25
25.00

35.42
31.25
25.00

37.50
33.33
31.25

48

39.58
35.42
33.33

48

48

48

48

48
48
48

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, day or night work..
Linotype operators, day or night
work............................................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, day or night
work.....................................
Brakemen, day or night work.
Oilers and platers, day or
night work...........................
Stereotypers, day or night work..

50.00

50.00

50.00

56.25

56.25

56.25

50.00

50.00

50.00

56.25

56.25

56.25

42.50
37.50

42.50
37.50

50.00
37.50

50.00
43.75

50.00
43.75

50.00
43.75

31.25
50.00

31.25
50.00

31.25
50.00

43.75
50.00

43.75
50.00

43.75
56.25

48
48

48

48

L IT T L E R O C K , A R K .
Building trades.
Bricklayers.
Carpenters.
Cement workers (finishers).
Cement workers’ helpers...
Inside wiremen...................
Inside wiremen’s helpers. . .
Painters...............................
Plasterers.............................
Plasterers’ laborers..............
Plumbers.............................
Sheet-metal workers:
Contract shops..............
Railroad shops..............
Steam fitters........................
Stonemasons........................

68.75
37.50

68.75
45.00

75.00
45.00

75.00
45.00

25.00

25.00

25.00

35.63
62.50

37.50
62.50

21.88

21.88

25.00
45.00
25.00
40.00
62.50
25.00
56.25

75.00
45.00
55.56
25.00
45.00
25.00
43.75
75.00
25.00
56.25

75.00 48 48
50.00 48 48
55.56
25.00 60 60
45.00
25.00
43.75 *48’ *48*
75.00 48 48
25.00 48 48
56.25 48 48

48
48

48
48

60

60
48
48
*48* 48
48 48
48 48
48 144

48
48
48
48
54
54
54
54
48
48
48 48
48
48
44
44
44
44
144 144

50.00

50.00

37.50
62.50
25.00
50.00

30.00
34.50
50.00
56.25

35.00
34.50
50.00
56.25

40.00
37.00
50.00
62.50

45.83
37.00
56.25
62.50

45.83
37.00
56.25
62.50

50.00
37.00
56.25
62.50

54
60
48
48

48
60
48
48

48 48 48
48
54 54 54
54
48 144 144 144
48 48 48
48

38.00
38.00

38.00
38.00

38.00
38.00

41.00
41.00

41.00
41.00

41.00
41.00

60
60

60
60

54
54

54
54

54
54

38.00

38.00
38.00

38.00
38.00

41.00
41.00

41.00
60
41.00 *60* *60* *54* *54* 54
41.00 60 60 60 60 60
41.00
58
21.50
54
35.00 *54* *54* *54* *54* 54

60
54
60
58
54
54

41.00
41.00
41.00
38.89

54
54
60
54

Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops........................
Boiler makers:
Shopmen.................................
Railroad shops........................
Roundhouses, day.................
Roundhouses, night...............
Boiler makers’ helpers..................
Core makers...................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops........................
Roundhouses..........................
Molders, iron: Bench and floor...




30.56

30.56

30.56

35.00

41.00
41.00
41.00
41.00
21.50
35.00

35.00
35.00
35.00
36.11

38.00
38.00
38.00
36.11

38.00
38.00
38.00
36.11

38.00
38.00
38.00
38.89

41.00
41.00
41.00
38.89

60
60
60
54

148 hours, January to March and October to December.

60
60
60
54

54
54
60
54

54
54

54
54
60
54

54
54
60
54

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

38
T able

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
LITTLE ROCK, ARK.—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Cutters.....................................
Finishers, forwarders, rulers,
and blank work...................
Compositors...................................
Linotype operators........................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses......................
Platen presses.........................
Pony presses...........................
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operating 2 presses.................
Operating 1 cylinder and 1
platen press..........................
Pressmen, platen, operating 4
presses.........................................

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
29.63 33.33 33.33 33.33 33.33 33.33 54

48

48

48

48

48

33.33
37.50
50.00

37.50
37.50
50.00

37.50
37.50
50.00

37.50
37.50
50.00

37.50
37.50
50.00

37.50
37.50
50.00

54
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

22.22
12.96
14.81

25.00
14.58
16.67

25.00
14.58
16.67

27.08
14.58
18.75

27.08
14.58
18.75

27.08
14.58
18.75

54
54
54

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

36.11

40.63

40.63

40.63

40.63

40.63

54

48

48

48

48

48

32.41

36.46

36.46

38.54

38.54

38.54

54

48

48

48

48

48

27.78

31.25

31.25

33.33

33.33

33.33

54

48

48

48

48

48

41.67
45.83

41.67
45.83

41.67
45.83

45.83
50.00

45.83
50.00

45.83
50.00

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

52.08
57.29
31.25
33.33
33.33

52.08
57.29
31.25
33.33
37.50

52.08
57.29
31.25
33.33
37.50

62.50
66.67
34.38
36.46
40.63

62.50
66.67
34.38
36.46
40.63

62.50
66.67
34.38
36.46
43.75

48
48
48
48
54

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

44.44
38.89
33.33

60
60
60

60
60
60

60
60
60

60
60
60

54
54
54

54
54
54

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork.................................
Nightwork..............................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork----Head pressmen, nightwork...
Journeymen, daywork...........
Journeymen, nightwork........
Stereotypers, day or night work..

LOS ANGELES, CAL.
Bakery trades.
Bakers:
First hands............................. 40.00
Second hands.......................... 35.00
Third hands............................ 30.00

40.00
35.00
30.00

40.00
35.00
30.00

40.00
35.00
30.00

44.44
38.89
33.33

75.00 75.00
43.75 43.75
62.50 56.25
37.50 31.25
62.50 50.00
37.50 37.50
43. 75 43.75
50.00 56.25
43.75 43. 75
75.00 62.50
50.00 143.75
62.50 50.00
51.06 51.06
62.50 50.00
43.67 43.67

75.00
43.75
56.25
31.25
50.00
37.50
43.75
56.25
43.75
62.50
50.00
50.00
51.06
50.00
43.67

75.00
43.75
56.25
31.25
56.25
37.50
43.75
56.25
43.75
62.50
50.00
56.25
51.06
56.25
43.67

75.00 75.00 44 44 44
50.00 50.00 48 48 48
62.50 62.50 48 48 48
37.50 37.50 48 48 48
56. 25 56.25 44 48 48
37.50 40.63 44 44 44
43.75 43.75 48 : 48 48
56.25 62.50 48 48 48
43. 75 43. 75 48 48 48
62.50 68.75 48 48 48
50.00 56.25 48 48 48
56.25 56.25 44 48 48
51.06 56.25 47 47 47
56.25 56.25 44 48 48
50.00 50.00 48 48 48

44 44
44
48 48
48
48 48
48
48 48
48
48
48
48
44 44
44
48
48 48
44
44 44
48 48 ’ 48
44
48 48
44
48 48
48
48 48
44
47 47
48
48 48
48 48
48

56.25
56.25

62.50
56.25

62.50
56.25

62.50
56.25

62.50
56.25

48
44

48
44

48
44

48
44

48
44

48
44

30.00

30.00

30.00 50.00
i
22.50 ! 22.50 1 37.50

50.00

60

60

60

60

48

48

37.50

60

60 I 60

60 1 48

48

Building trades.
Bricklayers....................................
Carpenters.....................................
Cement workers (finishers)..........
Cement workers’ laborers.............
Gas fitters......................................
Hod carriers...................................
Inside wiremen.............................
Marble setters................................
Painters..........................................
Plasterers.......................................
Plasterers’ laborers........................
Plumbers.......................................
Sheet-metal workers.....................
Steam fitters..................................
Structural iron workers................
Marble and stone trades.
Granite cutters: Inside men,
machine men, and outside men. 56.25
Stonecutters, soft stone................. 56.25
Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing
shops........................................... 30.00
Blacksmiths’ helpers: Manufac­
turing shops................................ 22.50

22.50

1 The union rate of 50 cents per hour was suspended on Jan. 15,1908, and members were allowed to work
lor 43f cents per hour during the year.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T a b le

39

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
LOS ANGELES, CAL.-r-Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15-

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1911

1910

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Metal trades—Concluded.
Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
35.00
42.50 42.50 42.50 45.50 45.50 45.50

54

54

54

54

54

54
54

25.00

25.00

25.00

27.50

27.50
37.50

27:50
37.50

54

54

54

54

54
54

54
54

30.00

30.00

30.00

30.00

54

54

54

47.00

47.00

50.00

45.00
40.00
43.00
55.00

54

47.00
Breweries.____
Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and
machine......................................
Pattern makers, wood.................. 40.00

45.00
40.00
43.00
55.00

54

54

54

54

54
48
54
48

54
48
54
48

40.00

50.00

37.50
50.00

37.50
50.00

37.50
53.00

54

54

54

54
48

54
48

54
48

33.33
36.11

33.33
36.11

33.33
36.11

33.33
36.11

37.50
40.63

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

48
48

Boiler makers:
Shopmen.................................
Railroad shops........................
Boiler makers' helpers: Railroad
shops...........................................
Core makers...................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops..............
Repair shops.

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Cutters and folding-machine
operators..............................
Finishers and forwarders----Rulers.............. ......................
Compositors...................................
Electrotypers: Molders, battery
men, builders, and finishers—
Linotype operators.......................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses.....................
Platen presses.........................
Pressmen, cylinder.......................
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 6 presses................
Operating 5 presses................
Operating 4 presses................
Operating 3 presses................

41.67

41.67

41.67

41.67

41.67

37.50
40.63
40.63
43.75

48

48

48

48

48

48
48
48
48

43.75
56.25

43.75
56.25

50.00
56.25

50.00
56.25

50.00
56.25

50.00
58.33

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

25.00
18.75
43.75

25.00
18.75
43.75

28.13
20.83
43.75

31.25
25.00
43.75

31.25
25.00
43.75

31.25
25.00
43.75

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

43.75
41.67
39.58
37.50

43.75
41.67
39.58
37.50

43.75
41.67
39.58
37.50

43.75
41.67
39.58
37.50

43.75
41.67
39.58
37.50

43.75
41.67
39.58
37.50

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

60.00
66.67

60.00
66.67

60.00
66.67

60.00
66.67

60.00
66.67

62.22
68.89

45
45

45
45

45
45

45
45

45
45

45
45

60.00
66.67

60.00
66.67

60.00
66.67

60.00
66.67

60.00
66.67

62.22
68.89

45
45

45
45

45
45

45
45

45
45

45
45

50.00
57.14
46.88
53.57

50.00
57.14
46.88
53.57

56.25
64.29
53.13
60.71

56.25
64.29
53.13
60.71

56.25
64.29
53.13
60.71

58.33
66.67
55.21
63.80

48
42
48
42

48
42
48
42

48
42
48
42

48
42
48
42

48
42
48
42

48
42
48
42

43.75

43.75

50.00

50.00

50.00

52.08

48

48

48

48

48

48

50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00

57.14
50.00

57.14
50.00

57.14
50.00

59.52
50.00

42
48

42
48

42 42 42
48 j 4 48
! 8

42
48

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork.................................
Nightwork..............................
Linotype operators:
Daywork.................................
Nightwork..............................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork
Head pressmen, nightwork...
Tension men, daywork..........
Tension men, nightwork........
Oilers, platers, brakemen,
and floormen, daywork----Oilers, platers, brakemen,
and floormen, nightwork...
Stereotypers: Day or night work.

LOUISVILLE, KY.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
Oven men, hand..................... 26.32
Mixers..................................... 28.07
Bakers, second hands................... 22.81

26.32
28.07
22.81

28.07
29.82
24.56

28.07
29.82
24.56

28.07
29.82
24.56

28.07
29.82
24.56

57
57
57

57
57
57

57
57
57

57
57
57

57
57
57

57
57
57

50.00
37.50
50.00

60.00
40.00
50.00

60.00
40.00
50.00

62.50
40.00
50.00

65.00
45.00
50.00

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
44
48

Building trades.
Bricklayers.................................... 50.00
Carpenters..................................... 37.50
Gas fitters...................................... 43.75




B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

40
T able

I*—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
LOUISVILLE, KY.—Continued.

Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

Cents.
28.13
31.25
43.75
28.13
35.00
62.50
43.75
28.13
37.50
18.75
50.00
50.00

Cents.
28.13
31.25
43.75
28.13
37.50
62.50
50.00
28.13
37.50
18.75
55.00
50.00

Cents.
28.13
31.25
43.75
28.13
37.50
62.50
50.00
35.00
37.50
18.75
55.00
50.00

Cents.
28.13
31.25
43. 75
28.13
40.00
62.50
50.00
35.00
43.75
21.88
55.00
50.00

Cents.
35.00
38.00
43.75
28.13
40.00
62.50
50.00
35.00
43.75
21.88
55.00
50.00

Cents.
35.00
38.00
43.75
28.13
42.50
65.00
50.00
37.50
50.00
25.00
55.00
50.00

48
48
48
48
48
44
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
44
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
44
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
44
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48 48
48
48
44 44
48 48
48
43
48 -13
48
48
48 I 48
4S 48

Granite cutters:
Inside men,
machine men, and outside men. 40.63
Stonecutters, soft stone................. 50.00

40.63
50.00

40.63
50.00

40.63
50.00

40.63
50.00

40.63
50.00

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

25.00
33.00
31.50
30.00
29.00

25.00
33.00
31.50
30.00
31.00

25.00
33.00
33.50
30.00
31.00

32.00
35.00
35.00
31.00
32.00

32.00
35.00
37.50
33.00
35.50

32.00
35.00
37.50
33.00
35.50

60
60
60
60
60

60
60
60
60
60

54
54
60
54
54

54
54
60
54
54

54
54
60
54
54

54
54
60
54
54

17.50

17.50

19.50

19.50

54

54

17.50

19.50

19.50
19.50
19.50

60

15.00

19.50
19.50
19.50

60

15.00

60

60

54

54

54
54
54

54
54
54

27.50
30.00
30.50

27.50
32.50
30.50

27.50
32.50
30.50

30.00
32.50
32.50

30.00
32.50
32.50

30.50
32.50
32.50

60
60
60

60
60
60

60
54
60

54
54
60

54
54
60

54
54
60

34.38
31.25
45.00

34.38
31.25
45.00

34.38
31.25
45.00

34.38
31.25
45.00

34.38
31.25
45.00

34.38
31.25
45.00

48 48
48 ! 48
48 48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

18.52
11.11

18.52
11.11

18.52
11.11

18.52
11.11

18.52
11.11

20.83
15.63

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

48
48

37.04
33.33
33.33

41.67
37.50
37.50

41.67
37.50
37.50

41.67
37.50
37.50

41.67
37.50
37.50

41.67
37.50
37.50

54
54
54

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

33.33
27.78

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

33.33
27.78

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

48
48
j
54 ! 48
54 ! 48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

45.00

45.00

45.00

47.00

47.00

47.00

48

48

48

48 •48

48

jBuilding trades—Concluded.
Hod carriers:
Brick men................................
Mortar men..............................
Inside wiremen..............................
Inside wiremen’s helpers..............
Painters.........................................
Plasterers.......................................
Plumbers.......................................
Sheet-metal workers.....................
Steam fitters..................................
Steam fitters’ helpers...................
Stonemasons..................................
Structural iron workers................
Marble and stone trades.

Metal trades.
Boiler makers:
Shopmen.................................
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, road B ..........
Railroad shops, road C ..........
Railroad shops, road D ..........
Boiler makers’ helpers:
Shopmen.................................
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, other.............
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops........................
Molders, iron: Bench....................
Printing trades, book and job.
Compositors:
English union.........................
German union.........................
Linotype operators.......................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses......................
Platen presses.........................
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operating 1 or 2 presses with
automatic feed.....................
Operating I or 2 presses.........
Operating 2 Harris presses___
Operating large cylinder
press and 2 platen presses...
Operating pony press.............
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 4 to 6 presses.........
Operating I to 3 presses.........
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors: Daywork, English
union...........................................
Compositors, nightwork:
English union.........................
German union........................
Linotype operators: Daywork,
English union............................
Linotype operators, nightwork:
English union.........................
German union.........................




50.00
42.50

50.00
42.50

50.00
42.50

52.00
42.50

52.00
42.50

48
52.00 48 48 48 48 48
42.50 140 140 140 140 140 140

47.00

47.00

47.00

49.00

49.00

49.00

52.00 52.00 52.00 54.00 54.00
45.00 45.00 45.00 45.00 45.00
l Workec15 daysiper we ek.

48

48

48

48

48

48

48
54.00 48 48 48 48 48
45.00 140 140 140 140 140 140

UNICN SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T able

41

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
LOUISVILLE, KY.— Concluded.

Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Printing trades, newspaper—
Concluded.
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork.. ..
Head pressmen, nightwork.. .
Tension men and brakemen,
daywork..............................
Tension men and brakemen,
nightwork............................
Oilers and platers, daywork..
Oilers and platers, nightwork.
Stereo typers, day or night w ork..

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
40.63 40.63 40.63 40.63 40.63 43.75 48
44.32 44.32 44.32 44.32 44.32 47.73 44

48
44

48
44

48
44

48
44

48
44

34.38

34.38

34.38

34.38

34.38

37.50

48

48

48

48

48

48

37.50
28.13
30.68
37.50

37.50
28.13
30.68
37.50

37.50
28.13
30.68
40.63

37.50
28.13
30.68
40.63

37.50
28.13
30.68
40.63

40.91
37.50
40.91
43. 75

44
48
44
48

44
48
44
48

44
48
44
48

44
48
44
48

44
48
44
48

44
48
44
48

48
54
54

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48

48 : 48

48

48

48

48

48

48

48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

48

48

48

48

48

48

MANCHESTER, N. H.
Building trades.

43.75

43.75

43.75

43.75

43.75

25.00

25.00

25.00

31.25

31.25

55.00
31.25
25.00
31.25
43.75
31.25
31.25

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

Core makers................................... 27.78
Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and
machine...................................... 29.44

27.78

27.78

33.33

33.33

33.33

54

54

54

54

54

54

29.44

36.11

36.11

36.11

36.11

54

54

54

54

54

54

31.25

31.25

31.25

31.25

33.33

48

48

48

48

48

48

28.13
37.50

31.25
37.50

31.25
37.50

31.25
41.67

31.25
41.67

33.33
41.67

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

28.13
37.50

31.25
37.50

31.25
37.50

31.25
41.67

31.25
41.67

33.33
41.67

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

Bricklayers...................................
Carpenters ..................................
Hod carriers...................................
Inside wiremen.............................
Plasterers.......................................
Plumbers ....................................
Shcet-metal workers.....................

50.00
22.22
19.44

50.00
28.13
21.88

50.00
31.25
21.88

50.00
31.25
25.00

50.00
31.25
25.00

Marble and stone trades.
Granite cutters: Inside men, ma­
chine men, and outside men —
Metal trades.

Printing trades, book and job.
Compositors................................... 28.13
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork................................
Nightwork.............................
Linotype operators:
Daywork................................
Nightwork.............................

MEMPHIS, TENN.
Bakery trades.
Bakers:
First hands..............
Second hands..........

36.67
30.00

40.74
33.33

40.74
33.33

40.74
33.33

40.74
33.33

40.74
33.33

70.00
45.00
50.00
30.00

70.00
45.00
50.00
30.00

70.00
45.00
50.00
30.00

70.00
50.00
50.00
30.00

25.00
37.50

30.00
37.50

30.00
37.50

30.00
45.00

70.00
50.00
50.00
30.00
62.50
30.00
45.00
18.75

75.00
50.00
50.00
30.00
62.50
30.00
45.00
18.75

54
54

Building trades.
Bricklayers.
Carpenters.
Cement workers (finishers).
Cement workers’ helpers.. .
Gas fitters............................
Hod carriers........................
Inside wiremen...................
Inside wiremen’s helpers...




44
44
54
54
‘44*
48

44
44
54
54
48
44
48
48

B U L L E T IN OF T H E B U REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

42
T a b le

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
MEMPHIS, TENN.—Concluded.

Rate of wages per hour on May 1 5 -

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907
Building trades—Concluded.
Painters.......................
Plasterers....................
Plasterers’ laborers___
Plumbers.....................
Sheet-metal workers...
Steam fitters...............
Steam fitters’ helpers:
Union A . : ............
Union B ...............

1908

1909

1910

1911

Cents.
42.50
62.50
30.00

Cents.
42.50
62.50
30.00

Cents.
45.00
62.50
30.00

Cents.
45.00
62.50
30.00

40.63
43.75

40.63
50.00

40.63
56.25

45.00
56.25

Cents.
50.00
75.00
32.50
62.50
45.00
62.50

Cents.
50.00
75.00
32.50
62.50
45.00
62.50

21.88

25.00

25.00

25.00

25.00
25.00

60.00

65.00

65.00

65.00

44.44
39.00
38.00
30.00

44.44
39.00
38.00
30.00

44.44
39.00
38.00
33.33

36.11
38.00

36.11
38.00

33.33
42.50

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
44
44

48
44
44

25.00
25.00

48

48

48

48

48
48

48
48

65.00

65.00

44

44

44

44

44

44

44.44
41.00
41.00
36.11

44.44
41.00
41.00
38.89

44.44
41.00
41.00
38.89

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

37.50
38.00

40.00
41.00

40.00
41.00

40.00
41.00

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

33.33
42.50

36.11
42.50

36.11
45.00

38.89
45.00

38.89
45.00

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

36.33

36.33

36.33

40.00

40.00

40.00

48

48

48

48

48

48

52.08
43.75
23.15

52.08
50.00
23.15

52.08
50.00
23.15

52.08
50.00
24.17

52.08
50.00
24.17

52.08
50.00
24.17

48
48
54

48
48
54

48
48
54

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

36.11

36.11

36.11

36.98

36.98

36.98

54

54

54

48

48

48

30.00
29.48
26.25
23.13

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

44
44
44
48
*48* *48* *48* *48* 48
48 48 48 48 48

44
44
44
48
48
48

Marble and stone trades.
Stonecutters, soft stone................
Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops........................
Boiler makers: Snopmen............
Core makers..................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops........................
Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and
machine......................................
Pattern makers, wood..................
Printing trades, book and job.
Compositors..................................
Electrotypers: Molders, battery
men, builders, and finishers_
_
Linotype operators.......................
Press feeders, cylinder presses_
_
Pressmen, cylinder presses: Oper­
ating 1 or 2 presses................... .
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 4 presses................
Operating 3 presses................
Operating 2 presses................
Operating 1 press...................

27.78
25.00
23.15

27.78
25.00
23.15

27.78
25.00
23.15

29.48
26.25
23.13

30.00
29.48
26.25
23.13

43.75
52.50

50.00
52.50

50.00
52.50

50.00
52.50

50.00
56.25

50.00
56.25

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

43.75
42.00
34.38
36.00

43.75
42.00
31.38
36.00

43.75
42.00
34.38
36.00

43.75
42.00
34.38
36.00

50.00
50.00
43.75
43.75

50.00
50.00
43.75
43.75

48
50
48
50

48
50
48
50

48
50
48
50

48
50
48
50

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

36.00
39.00

36.00
39.00

40.00
40.00

45.83
44.00

45.83
46.94

50.00
50.00

50
50

50
50

50
50

48
50

48
49

48
48

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork..............................
Nightwork.............................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork ....
Head pressmen, nightwork .
Journeymen, daywork........
Journeymen, nightwork___
Stereotypers:
Daywork..............................
Nightwork............................




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T able

43

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
MILWAUKEE, WIS.

Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Bakery trades.
Bakers:
First hands: German union..
Second hands: German union.
Third hands: German union.

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
25.00 25.00 25.00 28.33 29.82 31.58
21.67 21.67 21.67 25.00 26.32 28.07
18.33 20.00 21.67 21.67 24.56 26.32

60
60
60

60
60
60

60
60
60

60
60
60

57
57
57

57
57
57

Building trades.
Bricklayers....................................
Carpenters.....................................
Cement workers (finishers)...........
Cement workers’ helpers..............
Cement workers’ laborers.............
Hod carriers...................................
Inside wiremen:
Breweries................................
Commercial shops...................
Inside wiremen’s helpers:
Breweries A .............................
Commercial shops...................
Laborers.........................................
Marble setters................................
Painters.........................................
Plasterers.......................................
Plumbers.......................................
Sheet-metal workers.....................
Steam fitters..............................
Steam fitter’s helpers....................
Stonemasons..................................
Structural iron workers...............

55.00
32.50
30.00
25.00
20.00
27.50

60.00
35.00
30.00
25.00
20.00
27.50

60.00
37.50
40.00
27.50
20.00
27.50

65.00
40.00
45.00
35.00
25.00
30.00

65.00
45.00
45.00
35.00
25.00
32.50

65.00
45.00
45.00
35.00
27.50
32.50

48
48
60
60
60
48

48
48
60
60
60
48

48 148 148 44
44 44 44 44
60 48 48 48
60 48 48 48
60 48 48 48
48 48 48 48

31.25
31.25

40.63
40.63

40.63
40.63

40.63
40.63

42.50
45.00

45.00
45.00

44
48

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

18.75
18.75
27.50
56.25

25.00
25.00
27.50
56.25

25.00
25.00
27.50
56.25

25.00
25.00
30.00
56.25

44
44
48
44

44
44
48
44

44
44
48
44

60.00
56.25
37.50
43.75
21.88
60.00
50.00

60.00
56.25
37.50
50.00
21.88
60.00
50.00

60.00
56.25
37.50
50.00
25.00
65.00
56.25

28.13
25.00
32.50
56.25
50.00
65.00
56.25
42.50
50.00
25.00
65.00
56.25

44
48
48
44

50.00
56.25
37.50
43.75
18.75
55.00
50.00

27.50
25.00
32.50
56.25
47.50
(fO O
.O
56.25
37.50
50.00
25.00
65.00
56.25

44
44
48
48
48
48
48

44
44
48
48
48
48
48

44 44
44 44
48 48
44 44
44 44
48 148
48 148

44
44
48
44
48
44
44
48
44
44
148
148

44
44
48
44
44
44
44
48
44
44
44
148

50.00

50.00

44

44

Marble and stone trades.
Stonecutters, soft stone.................
Metal trades.
Boiler makers: Railroad shops__
Boiler makers’ helpers: Railroad
shops...........................................
Machinists:
All-round men........................
Tool and die makers..............
Specialists...............................
Railroad shops........................
Breweries................................
Molders, iron: Floor and machine.
Pattern makers, wood:
Manufacturing shops..............
Jobbing shops.........................

40.00
22.00
Core makers...................................
30.56 30.56 30.56 30.56 30.56

40.00

254 254

22.00
254 254
31.67 *54* *54* *54* *54* 54 54

37.50
36.11

33.00
45.00
27.50
40.29
42. 50
36.11

33.00
45.00 *55* *55*
27.50 55 55
40.29
42. 50 44 44
36.11 54 54

35.00
40.00

37.00
45.00

37.00
45.00

37.00
45.00

55
55

55
55

55
55

55 55 55
49J 49* 49J

27.78
25.93
22.22
31.48

31.25
29.17
25.00
35.42

31.25
29.17
25.00
35.42

35.42
29.17
25.00
35.42

35.42
29.17
25.00
35.42

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

35.42
33.33

37.50
33.33

37.50
35.42

39.58
37.50

39.58
37.50

39.58
37.50

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

22.22
33.33
33.33

25.00
37.50
37.50

25.00
37.50
37.50

28.13
40.63
40.63

28.13
40.63
40.63

31.25
43.75
43.75

54
54
54

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

41. 67
39.58

41.67
39.58

43.75
41.67

45.83
41.67

45.83
41.67

46.88
41.67

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

45.00
27.50

45.00
27.50

45.00
27.50

45.00
27.50

35.00
36.11

37.50
36.11

37.50
36.11

34.00
40.00

35.00
40.00

27.78
25. 93
22.22
31.48

55 55
*55* *55* 55 55
55 55 55 55
350 350
44 44 44 44
54 54 54 54

Printing trades, book andjob.
Bookbinders:
Cutters....................................
Forwarders, blank work.......
Forwarders, printed work___
Rulers.....................................
Compositors:
English union.........................
German union........................
Electrotypers:
Battery men and builders......
Finishers.................................
Molders...................................
Linotype operators:
English union.........................
German union........................

1 44 hours, June to September.
2 Work 5 hours on Saturday, June to September, and are paid for 6 hours.
8 53 hours, January to April and October to December.




BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OE LABOR STATISTICS.

44
T a b le

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
MILWAUKEE, WI S.—Concluded.

Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1807

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Printing trades, book and job—
Concluded.
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses 25 by 38
inches or over......................
Cylinder presses under 25 b y
38 inches...............................
Pressmen, cylinder presses, oper­
ating 1 or 2 presses....................
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 4 presses.................
Operating 3 presses................
Operating 1 or 2 presses.........

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
24.07 27.08 27.08 27.08 27.08 29.17 54
18.75

18.75

18.75

18.75

48

48

48

48

48

20.83

54

48

48

48

48

33.33

43.75

43.75

43.75

43.75

43.75

54

48

48

48

48

48
%
48

29.63
25.93
22.22

33.33
29.17
25.00

33.33
29.17
25.00

33.33
29.17
25.00

33.33
29.17
25.00

35.42
31.25
27.08

54
54
54

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

41.67
33.33

41.67
33.33

41.67
35.42

41. 67
35.42

43.75
37.50

44.79
37.50

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

50.00
39.58

50.00
39.58

50.00
41.67

50.00
41.67

52.08
43.75

52.08
43.75

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

41.67
39.58

41.67
39.58

41.67
41.67

41.67
41.67

43.75
41.67

44.79
41.67

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

50.00
45.83

50.00
45.83

50.00
47.92

50.00
47.92

52.08
47.92

52.08
47.92

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

30.56

34.38

34.38

39.63

39.63

43.75

54

48

48

48

+
48

48

27.78
33.33

31.25
37.50

31.25
37.50

39.63
40.63

39.63
40.63

39.63
41.88

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

16.67

Printing trades, 'newspaper.
Compositors, daywork:
English union.........................
German union........................
Compositors, nightwork:
English union.........................
German union........................
Linotype operators, daywork:
English union.........................
German union........................
Linotype operators, nightwork:
English union.........................
German union........................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, day or night
work.....................................
Journeymen, day or night
work.....................................
Stereotypers, day or night work..

MINNEAPOLIS, MINN.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
German union, daywork........
German union, nightwork...
Bakers, second hands:
German union, daywork.......
German union, nightwork .. .

30.00
33.33

30.00
33.33

30.00
33.33

30.00
33.33

30.00
33.33

30.00
33.33

60
60

60
60

60
60

60
60

60
60

60
60

25.00
26.67

25.00
26.67

25.00
26.67

25.00
26.67

25.00
26.67

26.67
28.33

60
60

60
60

60
60

60
60

60
60

60
60

60.00
42.00
45.00
50.00
40.00
62.00
56.25
45.00
45. 00
25.00
50.00
40.00

65.00
45.00
45.00
50.00
42.50
62.00
56.25
45.00
45.00
25.00
55.00
50.00

65.00
45.00
45.00
56.25
42.50
62.00
56.25
45.00
45.00
25.00
55.00
50.00

65.00
45.00
45.00
56.25
42.50
62.00
56.25
45.00
56.25
28.13
55. 00
56.25

65.00
50.00
45.00
56.25
45.00
70.00
56.25
45.00
56.25
28.13
55.00
56.25

65.00
50.00
50.00
56.25
45.00
70.00
56.25
45.00
56.25
28.13
55.00
56.25

48
48
48
54
48
44
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
54
48
44
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
44
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
44
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
44
44
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48 i 48
48
48

40.63
56. 25

40.63
56.25

40.63
56.25

40.63
56.25

42.50
56.25

42.50
56.25

48
44

48
44

48
44

48
44

48
44

Building trades.
Bricklayers....................................
Carpenters.....................................
Inside wiremen..............’ ...............
Marble setters................................
Painters.........................................
Plasterers.......................................
Plumbers.......................................
Sheet-metal workers.....................
Steam fitters..................................
Steam fitters’ helpers....................
Stonemasons.................................
Structural iron workers................
Marble and stone trades.
Granite cutters, inside men.........
Stonecutters, soft stone................




48
44

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUKS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.

45

T a b l e I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
MINNEAPOLIS, MINN.—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 1 5 -

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907
Metal trades.
Blacksmiths: Railroad shops___
Blacksmiths’ helpers: Railroad
shops.........................................
Boiler makers:
Railroad shops, road A ........ .
Railroad shops, road B ........
Core makers.................................
Machinists:
All-round men...................... .
Railroad shops...................... .
Flour mills............................ .
Molders, iron: Bench and floor...
Pattern makers^ wood:
Manufacturing shops............ .
Jobbing shops....................... .
Railroad shops...................... .

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 191C 1911 1912

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
33.00 33.00

54

54

54

54

19.00

19.00

19.00

19.00

21.00

22.00

30.56

30.56

30.56

30.56

42.33
43.86
30.56

42.33
44.37
32.22

33.50
40.00

33.50
40.00

33.50
40.00

33.50
42.00

35.00

35.00

35.00

35.00

33.50
42.00
35.00
35.00

33.50 55 55 55 55
42.00 54 54 54 54
35.00
36.67 ’ 54* *54* *54* *54*

35.00
37.50
35.00

35.00
37.50
35.00

35.00
37.50
35.00

3a 00
40.00
40.00

38.00
40.00
40.00

48.00
42.00
40.00

55
54
60

55
54
60

55 55 55 55
54 249J 249J 249i
60 249| *40* 49|

25.00
34.48

25.00
34.48

27.55
38.00

27.55
38.00

27.55
38.00

27.55
38.00

54
54

54
54

49
49

49
49

49
49

49
49

30.96
34.48
37.50

30.96
34.48
37.50

34.12
38.00
37.50

34.12
38.00
37.50

34.12
38.00
41.67

34.12
38.00
41.67

54
54
48

54
54
48

49 49
49' 49
48 48

49
49
48

49
49
48

20.00
30.00
30.00
52.08

20.00
30.00
30.00
52.08

20.00
30.00
30.00
52.08

20.00
30.00
30.00
52.08

27.78
36.11
36.11
52.08

27.78
36.11
36.11
47.92

60
60
60
48

60
60
60
48

60
60
60
48

60
60
60
48

54
54
54
48

54
54
54
48

20.37
15.74

25.52
20.83

25.52
20.83

25.52
20.83

25.52
20.83

25.52
20.83

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

39.81
36.11
28. 70

44.79
40.63
32.29

44.79
40.63
32.29

44.79
40.63
32.29

44.79
40.63
32.29

44.79
40.63
32.29

54
54
54

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

45.83
37.50

45.83
37.50

47.92
37.50

47.92
37.50

47.92
40.63

47.92
40.63

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

54

54

54

54

54

54

54

54

150 150
150 150
54 54
55
54
55
54

55
54
55
54

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Cutters....................................
Finishers............................... .
Forwarders, printed and
blank work........................ .
Rulers.................................... .
Compositors..................................
Electrotypers:
Battery men and builders .. .
Finishers.................................
Molders...................................
Linotype operators.......................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses.....................
Platen presses.........................
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operating 3 presses................
Operating 2 presses................
Pressmen, platen
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork:
English union.........................
German union........................
Compositors, nightwork: English
union..........................................
Linotype operators, daywork:
German union............................
Linotype operators, nightwork:
German union............................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork___
First assistants, daywork.......
Second assistants, daywork..
Stereotypers:
Daywork.................................
Nightwork..............................

52.08

52.08

54.17

54.17

54.17

54.17

48

48

48

48

48

48

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

40.63

40.63

48

48

48

48

48

48

43.75

43.75

43.75

43.75

46.88

46.88

48

48

48

48

48

48

33.33
25.93
22.22

33.33
25.93
22.22

33.33
25.93
22.22

40.74
29.63
27.78

40.74
29.63
27.78

40.74
33.33
29.63

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

37.50
42.86

37.50
42.86

37.50
42.86

37.50
42.86

37.50
42.86

40.63
46.43

48
42

48
42

48
42

48
42

48
42

48
42

1 Work 5 hours on Saturday and are paid for 6 hours from May to August, inclusive, and work 8 hours on
Saturday and are paid for 9 hours the other 8 months.
2 54 hours, January to April and September to December.




46
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUBEAU OF LABOB STATISTICS.

I . — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
NEWARK, N. J.

Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
German union—Shops em­
ploying 4 men or more........
German union—Shops em­
ploying less than 4 men___
Hebrew union, daywork........
Hebrew union, nightwork
Bakers, second hands:
German union........................
Hebrew union, daywork........
Hebrew union, nightwork
Bakers, third hands:
German union—Shops em­
ploying 4 men or more.......
German union—Shops em­
ploying less than 4 men___

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
28.33 28.33 28.33 30.00 30.00 31.67 60

60

60

60

60

60

26.67

26.67

26.67

28.33

28.33
43.14
45.10

30.00
45.10
47.06

60

60

60

60

60
51
51

60
51
51

23.33

23.33

23.33

25.00

25.00
37.25
39.22

26.67
39.22
41.18

60

60

60

60

60
51
51

60
51
51

21.67

21.67

21.67

23.33

23.33

25.00

60

60

60

60

60

60

20.00

20.00

20.00

21.67

21.67

23.33

60

60

60

60

60

60

65.00
50.00
50.00
25.00
35.00
50.00
25.00
41.00
65.00
55.00
50.00
55.00

65.00
50.00
50.00
25.00
35.00
56.25
31.25
41.00
65.00
55.00
50.00
55.00

65.00
50.00
62.50
35.00
35.00
56.25
31.25
41.00
65.00
55.00
50.00
55.00

65.00
50.00
62.50
35.00
35.00
56.25
31.25
44.00
65.00
55.00
55.00
55.00

65.00
50.00
62.50
35.00
35.00
56.25
31.25
44.00
65.00
56.25
55.00
55.00

65.00
50.00
62.50
35.00
35.00
56.25
31.25
44.00
65.00
56.25
55.00
55.00

44
44
44
44
44
48
48
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
48
48
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
48
48
44
44
44
44
44

44 44 44
44 44 44
44 44 44
44 44 44
44 44 44
48 148 44
48 148 44
44 44 44
44 44 44
44 44 44
44 44 44
44 44 44

30.00
30.00
65.00
56.25

30.00
30.00
65.00
56.25

30.00
30.00
65.00
56.25

30.00
30.00
65.00
56.25

30.00
30.00
65.00
62.50

30.00
30.00
65.00
62.50

44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

33.33
33.33

33.33
33.33

33.33
33.33

36.11
36.11

36.11
36.11

36.11
36.11

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

33 33
36.11

33.33
36.11

33.33
36.11

36.11
38.89

36.11
38.89

36.11
38.89

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

44.44
53.13

44.44
53.13

44.44
53.13

44.44
53.13

44.44
53.13

44.44
53.13

m
44

m
44

m
44

m
44

49| m
44 44

33.33
31.48

33.33
31.48

41.67
37.50

41.67
37.50

41.67
37.50

41.67
37.50

54
54

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

33.33

33.33

43.75

43.75

43.75

43.75

54

54

48

48

48

48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

Building trades.
Bricklayers....................................
Carpenters.....................................
Cement workers (finishers)..........
Cement workers’ helpers..............
Hod carriers...................................
Inside wiremen.............................
Inside wiremens’ helpers..............
Painters..........................................
Plasterers.......................................
Plumbers.......................................
Sheet-metal workers.....................
Steam fitters..................................
Steam fitters’ helpers:
Union A ..................................
Union B ..................................
Stonemasons................................
Structural iron workers................
Metal trades.
Core makers...................................
Machinists.....................................
Molders, iron:
Bench......................................
Floor........................................
Pattern makers, wood:
Manufacturing shops..............
Jobbing shops.........................
Printing trades, booh and job.
Bookbinders:
Cutters, large machine...........
Cutters, small machine..........
Forwarders, blank work,
grade A ................................
Forwarders, blank work,
grade B ................................
Forwarders, printed work___
Rulers, first-class....................
Rulers, second-class...............
Compositors...................................
Linotype operators........................
Press feeders..................................
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Black-ink work.......................
Color work..............................
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 5 or 6 presses.........
Operating 3 or 4 presses.........
Operating 1 or 2 presses.........




27.78
31.48
33.33
31.48
39.58
39.58
25.93

27.78
31.48
33.33
31.48
41.67
41.67
25.93

37.50
37.50
43.75
37.50
43.75
43.75
31.25

37.50
37.50
43.75
37.50
43.75
43.75
31.25

37.50
37.50
43.75
37.50
43.75
43.75
31.25

37.50
37.50
43.75
37.50
45.83
45.83
31.25

54
54
54
54
48
48
54

54
54
54
54
48
48
54

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

38.89

43.75

50.00

50.00

47.92
50.00

47.92
50.00

54

48

48

48

48
48

48
48

29.63
25.93
22.22

33.33
29.17
25.00

33.33
29.17
25.00

39.58
35.42
31.25

39.58
35.42
31.25

39.58
35.42
31.25

54
54
54

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

144 hours on and after June 1.

47

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUES OF LABOE, 1907 TO 1912.
T a b l e I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
NEWARK, N. J.—Concluded.
Bate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 19111912

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Nightwork.......................... .
Linotype operators:
Daywork..............................
Nightwork...........................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork ...
Head pressmen, nightwork .
Journeymen, daywork........
Journeymen, nightwork___
Stereotypers:
Daywork..............................
Nightwork . . . . . ....................

Cents.
50.00 50.00
56.25 56.25

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
50.00 56.25 56.25 60.87
56.25 62.50 62.50 67.39

48

46
46

50.00
5G.25

50.00
56.25

48

46
46

50.00
56.25

56.25
62.50

50.00

53.13

53.13

60.87
67.39

58.33
77.78
47.92
63.89
50.00

56.25
62.50

58.33
77.78
47.92
63.89

53.13
57.29

53.13
57.29

48

48

48
36

48
48

NEW HAVEN, CONN.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
German union.........
Hebrew union..........
Bakers, second hands:
German union.........
Hebrew union..........
Bakers, third hands:
German union.........
Hebrew union..........

24.56

24.56

26.32

28.07

35.09
36.67

37.04
36.67

57

57

57

57

57
60

54
60

22.81

22.81

24.56

26.32

29.82
30.00

31.48
30.00

57

57

57

57

57
60

54
60

21.05

21.05

24.56

26.32

28.07
26.67

29.63
26. Of

57

57

57

57

57
60

54
60

55.00
40.63
43.75
28.00
34.38
21.88
31.25
50.00
43.75
37.50
43.75
50.00
45.00

55.00
40.63
43.75
28.00
34.38
21.88
31.25
50.00
43.75
37.50
43.75
50.00
50.00

55.00 55.00
40.63 45.00
43.75 47.75
28.00 28.00
34.38 34.38
21.88 21.88
31.25 34.38
55.00 55.00
43.75 47.75
37.50 37.50
43.75 47.75
50.00 50.00
50.00 56.25

55.00 60.00
45.00 45.00
47.75 54.50
28.00 32.00
37.50 37.50
25.00 25.00
40.91 40.91
55.00 60.00
47.75 54.50
40.91 47.73
47.75 47.75
50.00 50.00
56.25 56.25

44
48
44
48
44
44
48
44
44
48
44
48
48

44 44
48 48
44 44
48 48
44 44
44 44
48 48
44 44
44 44
48 48
44 44
48 48
48 48

44 44
44 44
'44 44
44 44
44 44
44 44
48 44
44 44
44 44
48 44
44 44
44 44
44 44

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

37.50
43.75
50.00

37.50
43.75
50.00

37.50
43.75
50.00

37.50
43.75
50.00

37.50
43.75
50.00

37.50
43.75
50.00

44
44
44

44
44
44

44
44
44

44
44
44

44
44
44

44
44
44

25.47
18.34
24.45
17.32

25.47
18.34
24.45
17.32

25.47
18.34
26.49
17.32

27.00
18.34
29.04
19.36

29.04
19.87
29.04
21.40
33.96
37.70

29.04
19.87
29.04
21.40
33.96
35.15

53
53
53
53

53
53
53
53

53
53
53
53

53
53
53
53

53
53
53
53
53
53

53
53
53
53
53
53

Building trades.
Bricklayers.......................
Carpenters........................
Gas fitters.........................
Hod carriers.....................
Inside wiremen................
Inside wiremen’s helpers.
Painters............................
Plasterers.........................
Plumbers.........................
Sheet-metal workers........
Steam fitters....................
Stonemasons...................
Structural iron workers..,
Marble and stone trades.
Granite cutters:
Inside men......................
Outside men...................
Stonecutters, soft stone........ .
Metal trades.
Blacksmiths.................
Blacksmiths’ helpers...
Boiler makers...............
Boiler makers’ helpers..
Machinists....................
Pattern makers, wood..
Printing trades, book and job.
Compositors........
Electrotypers:
Battery men..
Builders....... .
Finishers........
Molders.........

5653°—13


34.38

34.38

34.38

34.38

38.54

40.63

48

48

48

48

48

48

22.22
25.93
33.33
33.33

22.22
25.93
33.33
33.33

22.22
25.93
33.33
33.33

22.22
25.93
33.33
33.33

22.22
25.93
33.33
33.33

22.22
25.93
33.33
33.33

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

B U L L E T IN OF T H E B U REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

48
T a b le

I.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
NEW HAVEN, CONN.—Concluded.

Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907
Printing trades, book and job—
Concluded.

Cents.
Linotype operators...................... . 45.83
Pressmen:
Cylinder presses...................... 37.50
Platen presses......................... 31.25

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 19111912

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
45.83 45.83 45.83 45.83 45.83 48
37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

43.75
50.00

43.75
50.00

43.75
50.00

43.75
50.00

45.83
52.08

43.75
50.00

43.75
50.00

43.75
50.00

45.83
52.08

58A

58.33

58.33

55.56
69.44

55.56
69.44

58.33

58.33

47.92
62.50

48

45.83
52.08

58.33

48
48
48

45.83
52.08

43.75
50.00

48

37.50
31.25

52.08
66.67

48

48

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Nightwork..............
Linotype operators:
Daywork.................
Nightwork..............
Pressmen, web presses:
Daywork.................
Nightwork..............
Stereotypers:
Daywork.................
Nightwork..............

58*33' 58.33

48

54
30
36

48
35

44
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

44
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
44
48

48
48
48
44
44

48

NEW ORLEANS, LA.
Building trades.
Bricklayers....................................
Carpenters.....................................
Inside wiremen.............................
Inside wiremen's helpers..............
Painters.........................................
Plasterers......................................
Plasterers’ laborers........................
Plumbers.......................................
Sheet-metal workers, contract
shops..........................................
Steam fitters.................................
Steam fitters’ helpers....................
Stonemasons................................
Structural iron workers.............. .

44
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

44
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

37.50
50.00
32.50
50.00

20.00

50.00
25.00
62.50

50.00
25.00
62.50

56.25
25.00
62.50

56.25
25.00
62.50

37.50
56.25
25.00
62.50
56.25

37.50
56.25 *48* *48* *48* *48*
25.00 48 48 48 48
62.50 48 48 44 44
62.50

Granite cutters.............................. 33.33

33.33

40.00

40.00

40.00

40.00

36.11

36.11

30.11

36.11

36.11

25.00

25.00

25.00

25.00

25.00

---

33.33
29.50
36.11
33.33
36.11
33.33

33.33
29.50
36.11
33.33
36.11
36.11

38.89
37.00
36.11
38.89
36.11
30.11

38.89
37.00
36.11
38.89
36.11
36.11

38.89
39.00
36.11
38.89
36.11
36.11

38.89
39.00
36.11
38.89
36.11
36.11

31.25
37.50
37.50
3/. oO
39.58

31.25
37.50
37.50
37.50
39.58

31.25
37.50
37.50
37.50
40.63

31.25
37.50
37.50
37.50
41.67

31.25
37.50
37.50
37.50
41.67

31.25
37.50
37.50
37.50
41.67

20.00

62.50
40.00
45.00
20.00
40. 00
62.50
32.50
56.25

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

37.50
50.00
27.50
50.00

62.50
45.00
45.00

62.50
40.00
45.00
20.00
40.00
50.00
32.50
56.25

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

62.50 , 62.50
45.00 40.00
45.00 45.00
20.00 20.00
40.00 40.00
50.00 50.00
32.50 32.50
56.25 56.25

62.50
45.00
45.00

Marble and stone trades.
48

48

48

48

54

54

54

54

54

54

54

54

54

54

54
54
54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54
54
54

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

54

Metal trades.
B lacksm ith s: M anufacturing
shops......................................... .
Blacksmiths’ helpers: Manufac­
turing shops..............................
Boiler makers:
Shopmen................................
Railroad shops......................
Core makers.................................
Machinists: Manufacturing shops.
Molders, iron: Bench and floor...
Pattern makers, w o o d ............
Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Cutters........
Finishers_
_
Forwarders..
Rulers.........
Compositors.......




i Worked 54 hours at increased rate.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T a b le

49

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
NEW ORLEANS, LA.—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Cents.
37.50
48.00
25.00

Cents.
37.50
48.00
25.00

Cents.
43.75
48.00
25.00

Cents.
43.75
48.00
28.13

Cents.
43.75
53.33
28.13

Cents.
43.75
53.33
31.25

37.50
28.13

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

40.63
34.38

55.00
60.00

55.00
60.00

55.00
60.00

55.00
60.00

55.00
60.00

55.00
60.00

42*
47^

32.13

53.57
32.14
28.57
26.79
32.13

53.57
32.14
28.57
26.79
32.13

o3. o7
33.93
30.36
28.57
32.13

53.57
33.93
30.36
28.57
32.13

56
56
56
56
48

Printing trades, book and job—
Concluded.
Electrotypers: Molders, battery
men, builders, and finishers___
Linotype operators........................
Press feeders, cylinder presses___
Pressmen:
Cylinder presses......................
Platen presses.........................

45

48

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork...............................
Nightwork............................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork...
Tension men, dayw ork.......
Brakemen, daywork............
Oilers and platers, daywork .
Stereotypers, daywork...............

31.25

48

NEW YORK, N. Y.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
Bohemian union.....................
English union..........................
German union—Manhattan,
B r o o k l y n , Richmond,
Bronx, and Queens..........
German union, East Side___
Hebrew union.........................
Hebrew union, East Side......
Italian union...........................
Scandinavian union................
Bakers, second hands:
Bohemian union.....................
English union.........................
German union—Manhattan,
B r o o k l y n , Richmond,
Bronx, and Queens............
German union, East Side___
Hebrew union.........................
Hebrew union, East Side___
Italian union...........................
Scandinavian union................
Bakers, third hands:
Bohemian union.....................
English union.........................
German union, East S id e___
German union, West Side and
B ronx..................................
German union—B r o o k ly n ,
Queens, and Richmond___
Hebrew union.........................
Hebrew union, East Side......
Italian union...........................
Scandinavian union...............

26.67
21.62

26.67
24.32

26.67
24.32

35.2
32.2

35.29
32.26

35.29
35.71

8.10

8.10

39.68
35.09

30.00
33.33
41.27
42.11
19.44
23.61

30.00
35.19
50.98
47.08

22.22

39.68
38.60
19.44
23.61

x
42*
56

1421
62

63

63

21.21

25.76

72

72

63
57
72
72

60
54
63
57
72
72

00

54
51
51
66

66

23.33
18.92

23.33
18.92

23.33
21.62

30.39
25.81

30.39
25.81

30.39
28. o/

28.57

18.57

30.16
28.07

25.00
29.63
34.92
35.09
13.89
20.83

25.00
29.63
43.14
39.22
15.15
22.73

25.49
19.35
25.93

25.49
21.43
25.93

142* ’42* i42|
62' 62 ‘ 56
54 54 54

23.33

23.33

60

21.67
30.16
31.58

21.67
37.25
35.29
12.12
18.18

18.06

18.06

18.06

31.75
31.58
13.89
20.83

20.00
13.51
21.67

20.00
14.86
21.67

20.00
14.86
21.67

25.49
19.35
25.93

23.81
13.89

25.40
24.56
13.89

13.89

26.98
28.07
11.11
16.67

11.11

16.67

142* H2k 142J
62" 62 56

63

63
57
72
72

63

72

63

63

72

72

72

60
54
63
57
72
72

60
54
51
51
66
66

60
60
51
51
66
66

1Work 5 days per week. Every regular baker must give 1 day each week to an unemployed member of
the union.




B U L L E T IN OF T H E B U REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

50
Table

I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
NEW YORK, N. Y .—Continued.

Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907
Building trades.
Bricklayers....................................
Carpenters:
Manhattan...............................
Bronx......................................
Brooklyn...............................
Queens.....................................
Richmond...............................
Cement workers (finishers)...........
Cement workers’ helpers..............
Gas fitters......................................
Hod carriers - ................................
Inside wiremen.............................
Inside wiremen’s helpers..............
Laborers, excavating.....................
Marble setters................................
Painters:
Bronx, Kings, Manhattan,
and Richmond,.................
Queens.....................................
Plasterers.......................................
Plasterers’ laborers........................
Plumbers:
Manhattan and Bronx...........
Brooklyn.................................
Sheet-metal workers.....................
Steam fitters..................................
Stonemasons.................................
Structural iron workers................

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
70.00 70.00 70.00 70.00 70.00 70.00 44

44

44

44

44

62.50
56.25
56.25
50.00
50.00
62.50
33.00
62.50
37.50
50.00
27.50
21.88
62.50

62.50
56.25
56.25
50.00
50.00
62.50
35.00
62.50
37.50
56.25
27.50
21.88
62.50

62.50
56.25
56.25
50.00
50.00
62.50
35.00
62.50
37.50
56.25
27.50
21.88
62.50

62.50
56.25
56.25
56.25
50.00
62.50
35.00
62.50
37.50
56.25
27.50
21.88
62.50

62.50
56.25
56.25
56.25
50.00
62.50
37.50
68.75
37.50
56.25
27.50
21.88
62.50

62.50
56.25
56.25
56.25
50.00
62.50
37.50
68.75
37.50
56.25
27.50
22.50
62.50

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

44 44
44 44
44 44
44 44
44 44
44 44
44 44
44 44
44 44
44 44
44 44
44 44
44 44

50.00
43.75
68.75
37.50

50.00
43.75
68.75
40.63

50.00
43.75
68.75
40.63

50.00
43.75
68.75
40.63

50.00
43.75
68.75
40.63

50.00
50.00
68.75
40.63

44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

62.50
59.38
56.25
62.50
52.50
60.00

62.50
59.38
56.25
62.50
55.00
60.00

62.50
62.50
56.25
62.50
55.00
60.00

62.50
62.50
56.25
62.50
55.00
62.50

68.75
62.50
59.38
68.75
57.50
62.50

68.75
62.50
59.38
68.75
57.50
62.50

44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44

43.75
56.25

43.75
56.25

43.75
56.25

43.75
56.25

43.75
56.25

50.00
56.25

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

62.50
56.25
50.00

62.50
56.25
50.00

62.50
56.25
50.00

62.50
56.25
50.00

62.50
56.25
50.00

62.50
56.25
50.00

44
44
44

44
44
44

44
44
44

44
44
44

44
44
44

44
44
44

41.66

41.66

41.66

45.28

45.28

45.28

53

53

53

53

53

53

25.36
28.00

25.36
28.00

25.36
28.00

28.08
31.00

28.08
31.00

28.08
31.00

53
48

53
48

53
48

53
48

53
48

53
44

36.11
43.75

36.11
43.75

36.11
43.75

36.11
53.13

41.67
53.13

41.67
53.13

54
44

54
44

54
44

54
44

54
44

54
44

25.00

25.00

25.00

25.00

54

54

33.33

36.11

28.89
43.75
38.89

54

33.33

25.00
43.75
38.89

54

33.33

54

54

54

54

54
44
54

54
44
54

Manufacturing shops.............. 36.11

36.11

36.11

36.11

54

54

27.78
43.75

30.00
43.75

33.33
43.75

36.11
43.75

54
48

54
48

48

48

[48
54 \bl
m
54 51
48 48
44 44
48 48

54

54

54

44

Marble and stone trades.
Granite cutters:
Inside men..............................
Outside men...........................
Stonecutters, soft stone:
First class................................
Second class............................
Third class...............................
Metal trades.
Blacksmiths, shopmen.................
Blacksmiths’ helpers:
Shopmen.................................
Outside men...........................
Boiler makers:
Shopmen.................................
Outside men...........................
Boiler makers’ helpers:
Shopmen.................................
Outside men...........................
Core makers..................................
Machinists:

Printing-press factories...........
Auto repair shops...................
Printing machine repair shops
Pressroom machinists............
Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and
machine......................................
Pattern makers, wood:
Architectural work.................
Jobbing shops.........................




37.50

37.50

37.50

50.00

(40.63
36.11 <38.24 >54 54
[37.14 I
36.11 38.24 54 54
43.75 43.75 48 48
53.13 53.13
50.00 56.25 48 48

36.11

36.11

36.11

38.89

38.89

38.89

54

41.67
48.48

41.67
48.48

47.22
48.48

47.22
51.52

47.22
51.52

51.00
53.13

49J 494 49| 49^ 49£ 50
46* 46J 46|1 464 464 44

54

54

U N IO N SCALE OF W AGES A N D H O U ES OF LABOR, 1901 TO 1912.
T able

51

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
NEW YORK, N. Y .—Concluded.
Bate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Finishers..................................
Forwarders, blank and gen­
eral work..............................
Forwarders, general work,
machine men.......................
Compositors:
English union.........................
Bohemian union.....................
German union........................
Hebrew union.........................
Hungarian union....................
Italian union...........................
Electrotypers:
Battery men and builders_
_
Finishers.................................
Molders....................................
Linotype operators:
English union..........................
German union.........................
Hebrew union.........................
Hungarian union....................
Press feeders:
Two automatic feeding ma­
chines....................................
Hand.......................................
Pressmen, cylinder presses...........
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating color press Nos. 21
to 30......................................
Operating color press Nos. 6
to 18......................................
Operating 4 or 5 presses.........
Operating 2 or 3 presses.........

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
42.59 47.92 47.92 47.92 47.92 47.92 54

48

48

48

48

48

37.50

37.50

54

48

48

48

48

48

43.75

43.75

43.75

54

48

48

48

48

48

45.88
37.50
47.92
45.65
33.33
37.50

45.88
37.50
47.92
45.65
35.42
37.50

47.88
37.50
52.27
52.17
42.22
37.50

48
48
48
46
48
48

48
48
48
46
48
48

48
48
48
46
48
48

48
48
48
46
48
48

48
48
48
46
48
48

48
48
44
46
45
48

43.75
56.25
56.25

50.00
62.50
62.50

50.00 144 144 144 144 44
62.50 144 144 144 144 44
62.50 144 144 144 144 44

44
44
44

47.88
54.88
73.61
41.67

50.00
57.32
75.00
41.67

50.00
57.32
75.00
41.67

52.13
65.33
77.78
48.89

48
41
36
48

48
41
36
48

48
41
36
48

48
41
36
48

48
41
36
48

48
37i
36
45

38.54
33.33
41.67

38.54
33.33
50.00

38.54
33.33
50.00

38.54
33.33
50.00

38.54
34.38
52.08

48
54
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

50.00

50.00

50.00

50.00

50.00

52.08

48

48

48

48

48

48

45.83
41.67
37.50

45.83
41.67
37.50

45.83
41.67
37.50

45.83
41.67
37.50

45.83
41.67
37.50

47.92
43.75
39.58

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

62.22
39.58
60.00
69.44
37.50

62.22
39.58
60.00
70.83
37.50

62.22
39.58
60.00
73.61
41.67

64.44
41.67
62.67
73.61
41.67

64.44
41.67
62.67
75.00
41.67

64.44 45 45 45 45 45 45
47.62 48 48 48 48 48 42
65.33 237h237£ 237£ 237£ 237£ 237£
77.78 36 36 36 36 36 36
51.11 48 48 48 48 48 45

68.89
66.67
92.59
41.67

68.89
66.67
94.44
41.67

68.89
66.67
96.30
45.83

71.11 71.11 71.11 45 45 45 45 45 45
69.33 69.33 72.00 237£ 37* 237£ 23742374 237£
98.15 100.00 103.70 27 27 27 27 27 27
45.83 45.83 59.52 48 48 48 48 48 45

62.22
60.00
69.44
37.50
37.50

62.22
60.00
70.83
37.50
37.50

62.22
60.00
72.22
41.67
37.50

64.44
62.67
73.61
41.67
40.63

68.89
66.67
92.59
41.67
41.67

68.89
66.67
94.44
41.67
41.67

68.89
66.67
96.30
45.83
41.67

71.11 71.11 71.11 45 45 45 45 45 45
69.33 69.33 72.00 237£ 237J 237£ 237£ 237£- 237£
98.15 100.00 103.70 27 27 27 27 27 27
45.83 45.83 55.56 48 48 48 48 48 45
44.79 44.79 51.19 48 48 48 48 48 42

66.67
81.58
53.33
65.79

66.67
81.58
53.33
65.79

66.67
81.58
53.33
65.79

66.67
81.58
53.33
65.79

66.67
81.58
53.33
65.79

66.67
81.58
53.33
65.79

45
38
45
38

45
38
45
38

45
38
45
38

45
38
45
38

45
38
45
38

45
38
45
38

56.25
72.37

56.25
72.37

56.25
72.37

56.25
72.37

56.25
72.37

56.25
72.37

48
38

48
38

48
38

48
38

48
38

48
38

33.33

37.50

37.50

38.89

43.75

43.75

43.75
35.42
45.83
39.13
31.25
35.42

43.75
35.42
45.83
45.65
31.25
35.42

43.75
35.42
45.83
45.65
31.25
35.42

43.75
56.25
56.25

43.75
56.25
56.25

43.75
56.25
56.25

47.88
54.88
70.83
37.50

47.88
54.88
72.22
37.50

38.54
29.63
41.67

37.50

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork:
English union........................
Bohemian union.....................
German union.............. . ........
Hebrew union............... ..........
Hungarian union....................
Compositors, nightwork:
English union.........................
German union........................
Hebrew union.........................
Hungarian union....................
Linotype operators, daywork:
English union.........................
German union........................
Hebrew union.........................
Hungarian union....................
Italian union.................... ......
Linotype operators, nightwork:
English union.........................
German union...... ..................
Hebrew union.........................
Hungarian union....................
Italian union...........................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork___
Head pressmen, nightwork...
Journeymen, daywork...........
Journeymen, nightwork.......
Stereotypers:
Daywork................................
Nightwork.............................




64.44
62.67
75.00
41.67
40.63

64.44 45 45 45 45 45 45
65.33 *37* 237£ 237| 237§ 237£ 237§
77.78 36 36 36 36 36 36
51.11 48 48 48 48 48 45
40.63 48 48 48 48 48 48

148 hours, January to April and September to December.
2 Worked 5 days per week.

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BUBEATJ OF LABOE STATISTICS.

52
T a b le

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
OMAHA, NEBR.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15-

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Cents.
26.67
25.00
23.33

Cents.
26.67
25.00
23.33

Cents.
29.63
27.78
25.93

Cents.
29.63
27.78
25.93

Cents.
29.63
27.78
25.93

Cents.
29.63
27.78
25.93

54
54
54

62.50
40.00
56.25
37.50
18.75
40.00
55.00
56.25
37.50
56.25
25.00
50.00

62.50
45.00
62.50
37.50
18.75
45.00
62.50
62.50
37.50
62.50
25.00
50.00

62.50
45.00
62.50
37.50
18.75
45.00
62.50
62.50
37.50
62.50
25.00
50.00

70.00
50.00
62.50
50.00
25.00
47.50
75.00
62.50
40.00
62.50
25.00
56.25

70.00
50.00
68.25
50.00
25.00
50.00
75.00
68.25
40.00
68.25
28.13
56.25

70.00
50.00
68.25
50.00
25.00
50.00
75.00
68.25
42.50
68.25
28.13
56.25

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
244

Stonecutters, soft stone............... . 50.00

50.00

50.00

55.00

55.00

55.00

44

37.00
37.00

37.00
37.00

37.00
37.00

40.00
40.00

40.00
40.00

40.00
40.00

18.00

18.00
28.89

18.00
28.89

22.50

22.50
36.11

22.50
36.11

54
54

35.00
34.00

37.00
37.00

40.00
39.00
44.44

40.00
40.00
44.44

40.00
40.00
44.44

40.00
40.00
44.44

54
54
54

34.44

34.44

34.44

34.44

36.67

36.67

29.63
33.33
33.33
29.63
37.50

29.63
33.33
33.33
29.63
37.50

29.63
33.33
33.33
29.63
37.50

29.63
33.33
33.33
29.63
37.50

29.63
33.33
33.33
29.63
37.50

29.63
33.33
33.33
29.63
37.50

33.33
38.89
50.00
20.37

37.50
43.75
50.00
22.92

37.50
43.75
50.00
22.92

37.50
43.75
50.00
22.92

37.50
43.75
50.00
22.92

37.50
43.75
50.00
22.92

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

35.42
33.33
31.25

35.42
33.33
31.25

35.42
33.33
31.25

35.42
33.33
31.25

35.42
33.33
31.25

35.42
33.33
31.25

43.75
50.00

46.88
53.13

50.00
56.25

50.00
56.25

50.00
56.25

50.00
56.25

43. 75
50.00

46.88
53.13

50.00
56.2d

50.00
56.25

50.00
56.25

50.00
56.25

37.50
37.50

37.50
40.63

37.50
43.75

37.50
43.75

37.50
46.88

37.50
46.88

Bakery trades.
Bakers:
First hands...
Second hands.
Third hands..
Building trades.
Bricklayers.......................
Carpenters........................
Gas fitters.........................
Inside wiremen................
Inside wiremens’ helpers.
Painters............................
Plasterers..........................
Plumbers..........................
Sheet-metal workers........
Steam fitters....................
Steam fitters’ helpers.......
Structural iron workers..
Marble and stone trades.

Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops............ .
Railroad shops...................... .
Blacksmiths’ helpers: Manufac­
turing shops...............................
Core makers...................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops.............
Railroad shops...................... .
Auto repair shops................. .
Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and
machine....................................

54

54

54

54
48

54

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Cutters...................................
Finishers and rulers..............
Forwarders, first-class..........
Forwarders, second-class___
Compositors.................................
Electrotypers:
Battery men, builders, and
finishers..............................
Molders..................................
Linotype operators......................
Press feeders, cylinder presses_
_
Pressmen, cylinder presses: Op­
erating 2 presses.......................
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 5 presses...............
Operating 4 presses...............
Operating 1 to 3 presses.......

54
54
54
54

48

48

48

48

48
48

48
48

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork................................
Nightwork............................
Linotype operators:
Daywork...............................
Nightwork............................
Pressmen, web presses: Day or
night work................................
Stereotypers, day or night work.

147 hours, September to December.




48
48
48

48

2 48 hours, January to April and October to December.

48

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OE LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.

53

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.

Table I .—

PHILADELPHIA, PA.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
German union.........................
Hebrew union.........................
Bakers, second hands:
German union........................
Hebrew union.........................
Bakers, third hands: Hebrew
union...........................................

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
27.42 \27.42 27.42 27.42 29.03 29.03 62
30.00 33.33 23.33 35.00 36.67 38.33 60

62
60

62
60

62
60

62
60

62
60

22.58
25.00

22.58
31.67

22.58
31.67

22.58
31.67

24.19
31.67

24.19
37.04

62
60

62
60

62
60

62
60

62
60

62
54

20.00

21.67

23.33

23.33

25.00

29.63

60

60

60

60

60

54

62.50
45.00
45.00
43. 75
35.00
45.00
50.00
40.00
59.38
43.75
43.75
40.00

62.50
45.00
45.00
43.75
35.00
45.00
50.00
40.00
59.38
43.75
43.75
40.00

62.50
45.00
45.00
43.75
35.00
45.00
50.00
40.00
59.38
43.75
43.75
40.00

62.50
50.00
45.00
43.75
35.00
45.00
50.00
42.50
62.50
43.75
43.75
40.00

62.50
50.00
45.00
50.00
35.00
45.00
56.25
42.50
62.50
43.75
50.00
40.00

62.50 44 44
50.00 44 44
45.00 54 54
43.75 44 44
35.00 44 44
45.00 148 148
60.00 48 48
42.50 44 44
62.50 44 44
43.75 44 44
43.75 44 44
50.00 244 244

40.63
43.75
50.00
56.25

43.75
43.75
50.00
56.25

43.75
43.75
50.00
56.25

46.88
43.75
50.00
56.25

50.00
43.75
50.00
56.25

50.00
43.75
50.00
60.00

44
48
44
44

44
48
44
44

44
48
44
44

44
48
44
44

44
48
44
44

44
44
44
44

Granite cutters: Inside men, ma­
chine men, and outside men---- 47.75
Stonecutters, soft stone................. 50.00

47.75
50.00

47.75
50.00

47.75
50.00

50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

30.00
43.75

30.00
43.75

30.00
43.75

30.00
43.75

30.00
50.00

30.00
50.00

60
48

60
48

60
48

60
48

60
44

60
44

30.56
33.33

30.56
33.33

30.56
33.33

30.56
33.33

37.50
34.44
33.33

37.50
44
34.44 *54' 54 '54' ‘ 54’ 54
33.33 54 54 54 54 54

44
54
54

32.22
35.00

32.22
35.00

32.22
35.00

32.22
35.00

36.11
37.50

36.11
37.50

54
50

54
50

54
50

54
50

54
50

54
50

27.78
29.63

31.25
33.33

33.33
33.33

33.33
33.33

33.33
35.42

33.33
35.42

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

29.63
31.48
29.63
35.19
33.33
29.63
35.19
25.93
31.48

33.33
35.42
33.33
39.58
39.58
35,42
43.75
29.17
35.42

33.33
35.42
33.33
39.58
39.58
35.42
43.75
29.17
35.42

33.33
35. 42
33.33
39.58
39.58
35.42
43.75
29.17
37.50

37.50
39.58
37.50
43.75
39.58
35.42
43.75
33.33
39.58

37.50
39.58
37.50
43.75
39.58
35.42
43.75
33.33
39.58

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

29.63
29.63
37.50

33.33
33.33
37.50

33.33
33.33
37.50

33.33
33.33
37.50

35.42
33.33
37.50

35.42
35.42
37.50

54
54
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

29.63
33.33
37.04

29.63
33.33
37.04

29.63
33.33
37.04

37.50
37.50
41.67

37.50
41.67
45. S3

37.50
41.67
45.83

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

48 48
48 48
48 48
2 48 hours, January to April and September to December.

48
48
48

Building trades.
Bricklayers....................................
Carpenters.....................................
Cement workers (finishers)..........
Gas fitters.......................................
Hod carriers...................................
Inside wiremen.............................
Marble setters...............................
Painters..........................................
Plasterers.......................................
Plasterers’ laborers........................
Plumbers.......................................
Sheet-metal workers.....................
Steam fitters:
Union A ..................................
Union B ..................................
Stone masons.................................
Structural iron workers................

44 44 44
44 44 44
54 54 49]
44 44 44
44 44 44
148 148 148
44 44 44
44 44 44
44 44 44
44 44 44
44 44 44
244 244 244

44
44
49£
44
44
148
44
44
44
44
41
*
44

Marble and stone trades.

Metal trades.
Blacksmiths.................................. i
Boilermakers: Outside men.......
Boiler makers’ helpers: Outside
men.............................................
Core makers...................................
Machinists.....................................
Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and
machine......................................
Pattern makers, wood..................
Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Cutters.....................................
Cutters, stock, blank b o o k ...
Cutting-machine operators,
blank book..........................
Finishers, full binding...........
Finishers, half binding..........
Finishers, jo b ..........................
Finishers, plain......................
Forwarders, cloth...................
Forwarders, extra...................
Forwarders, half binding.......
Forwarders, job, full binding.
Forwarders, stock, full bind­
ing........................................
Rulers.....................................
Compositors...................................
Electro typers:
Battery men -and builders_
_
Finishers.................................
Molders....................................

144 hours, June to September.




B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

54
T a b le

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912— Continued.
PHILADELPHIA, PA.—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907
Printing trades, book and job—
Concluded.
Linotype operators........................
Press feeders:
Flat-bed perfecting presses ...
Cylinder presses, 25 by 38
inches...................................
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operating Adams presses......
Operating flat-bed perfecting
press.....................................
Operating flat-bed perfecting
press
with
automatic
feeder....................................
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operating 1 or 2 presses.........
Operating presses with self­
feeding attachments............
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating automatic press...
Operating more than 4 presses
Operating 3 or 4 presses.........
Operating 1 or 2 presses.........

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 191019111912

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
41.67 41.67 41.67 41.67 41.67 41.67 48
27.08

48

48

48

27.08

25.00

25.00

32.41

32.41

36.46

36.46

36.46

36.46

38.89

38.89

43.75

43.75

43.75

43.75
47.92

42.59

42.59

47.92

47.92

47.92

37.04

37.04

4 * 67
1.

41.67

41.67

41.67

40.74

40.74

45.83

45.83

45.83

45.83

33.33
31.48
27.78
24.07

33.33
31.48
27.78
24.07

37.50
35.42
31.25
27.08

37.50
35.42
31.25
27.08

37.50
35.42
31.25
27.08

37.50
35. 42
31.25
27.08

41.67
47.31

41.67
47.31

41.67
47.31

41.67
47.31

41.67
47.31

41.67
47.31

45.83
53.76

45.83
53.76

45.83
53.76

45.83
53.76

45.83
53.76

45.83
53.76

48
46£

52.08

52.08

52.08

52.08

52.08

52.08

48

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

48

34.38
37.50

34.38
37.50

34.38
37.50

34.38
40.63

34.38
40.63

34.38
40.63

48
48

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork................................
Nightwork.............................
Linotype operators:
Daywork................................
Nightwork.............................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, day or night
work...................................
First assistants, day or night
work...................................
Second assistants, day or
night work...........................
Stereo typers, day or night work..

48

48
46£

PITTSBURGH, PA.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
Gorman union...........
Hebrew and Polish ui
Bakers, second hands:
German union...........
Hebrew and Polish ui
Bakers, third hands:
German union...........
Hebrew and Polish ui

27.6

27.69

27.69

27.69
43.14

27.69
43.14

33.33
47.06

65

65

21.54

21.54

21.54

21.54
37.25

21.54
37.25

29.63
39.22

65

65

18.46

18.46

18.46

18.46
33.33

18.46
33.33

27.78
35.29

65

65.

60.00 65.00 65.00
Bricklayers.......................
43.75 50.00 50.00
Carpenters........................
Hod carriers......................
37.50 37.50 37. 50
Inside wiremen................
50.00 50.00 50.00
Inside wiremen’s helpers.
25.00 25.00 25.00
Laborers...........................
56.25 56.25 56.25
Marble setters............ .
42.50 42.50 42.50
Painters.............................
56.25 56.25 56.25
Plasterers..........................
50.00 50.00 56.25
Plumbers..........................
148 hours, January to April and
2 44 hours, June to September.
3 44 hours, June to December.

65.00
50.00
37.50
50.00

65.00
50.00
37.50
50.00
25.00
25.00
62.50
50.00
62.50
56.25

Building trades.




25.00
62.50
42.50
62.50
56.25

65.00
50.00
37.50

50.00
25.00
25.00
62.50
52.50
62.50
62.50

November and December.

48 48
48 48
48 48
144 44
248 248

44
44
44
48
48
48
48
44
44
348

44
44
44
48
48
48
48
44
44
44

TJNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.

55

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.

Table I .—

PITTSBURGH, PA.—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

Cents.
45.00
50.00
25.00
55.00
50.00

Cents.
45.00
50.00
28.13
55.00
56.25

Cents.
45.00
50.00
28.13
55.00
56.25

Cents.
50.00
50.00
28.13
55.00
56.25

Cents.
50.00
50.00
28.13
55.00
56.25

Cents.
50.00
56.25
31.25
55.00
56.25

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
44
48

44
48
48
44
44

Granite cutters:
Inside men.............................. 43.75
Outside men........................... 55.00
Stonecutters, soft stone................. 50.00

43.75
55.00
50.00

43.75
55.00
50.00

43.75
55.00
50.00

43.75
55.00
50.00

43.75 48
55.00 .48
50.00 44

48
48
44

48
48
44

48
48
44

48
48
44

48
48
44

27.78
27.50

30.56
27.50

30.56
32.50

30.56
32.50

30.56
32.50

33.33. 54
32.50 60

54
60

54
50

54
50

54
50

54
50

17.78
18.00

22.22
18.00

22.22
22.00

22.22
22.00

22.22
22.00

22.22
22.00

54
60

54
60

54
50

54
50

54
50-

54
50

35.00
45.00
32.50

35.00
45.00
32.50

35.00
45.00
32.50

35.00
45.00
32.50

36.67
50.00
32.50

40.00
50.00
32.50

54
48
60

54
48
60

54
48
60

54
48
60

54
48
60

54
48
60

22.22
34.38
38.89
30.00

22.22
34.38
38.89
30.00

22.22
34.38
36.11
30.00

22.22
34.38
38.89
35.00

25.00
37.50
38.89
35.00

25.00
40.00
41.67
35.00

54
48
54
54

54
48
54
54

54
48
54
54

54
48
54
54

54
48
54
54

54
48
54
54

38.89

38.89

36.11

38.89
41.67

38.89
41.67

41.67
41.67

54

54

54

54
54

54
54

54
54

40.00
45.00

40.00
45.00

40.00
45.00

40.00
45.00

40.00
45.00

42.00
45.00

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

33.33

33.33

33.33

35.42

37.50

39.58

48

48

48

48

48

48

22.22
27.78
33.33
38.89
45.83
22.22
33.33

27.78
30.56
38.89
44.44
45.83
25.00
37.50

27.78
30.56
38.89
44.44
45.83
25.00
37.50

27.78
30.56
38.89
44.44
45.83
25.00
37.50

29.41
32.35
41.18
47.06
45.83
25.00
37.50

31.25
34.38
43.75
50.00
47.92
27.08
37.50

54
54
54
54
48
54
54

54
54
54
54
48
48
48

54
54
54
54
48
48
48

54
54
54
54
48
48
48

51
51
51
51
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

50.00
55.00

50.00
55.00

55.00
60.00

55.00
60.00

55.00
60.00

55.00
60.00

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

50.00
55.00

50.00
55.00

55.00
60.00

55.00
60.00

55.00
60.00

55.00
60.00

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

36.67

41.25

41.25

46.88

46.88

46.88

54

48

48

48

48

48

30.56

34.38

34.38

40.63

40.63

40.63

54

48

48

48

48

48

25.00

28.13

28.13

38.75

38.75

40.00

54

48

48

48

48

48

22.22

25.00

25.00

36.25

36.25

40.00

54

48

48

48

48

48

22.22
42.50

25.00
43.75

25.00
43.75

34.38
43.75

34.38
43.75

37.50
45.00

54
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

Building trades—Concluded.
Sheet-metal workers......................
Steam fitters..................................
Steam fitters’ helpers....................
Stonemasons.................................
Structural iron workers................
Marble and stone trades.

Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops..............
Locomotive works..................
Blacksmiths’ helpers:
Manufacturing shops..............
Locomotive works..................
Boiler makers:
Shopmen.................................
Outside men...........................
Railroad shops........................
Boiler makers’ helpers:
Shopmen.................................
Outside men...........................
Core makers...................................
Machinists, manufacturing shops.
Molders, iron:
Bench, floor, and machine_
_
Machine, hollow ware............
Pattern makers, wood:
Manufacturing shops..............
Jobbing shops.........................
Printing trades, book and job.
Compositors...................................
Electrotypers:
Battery men...........................
Builders..................................
Finishers..................................
Molders....................................
Linotype operators........................
Press feeders, cylinder presses___
Pressmen, cylinder presses1.........
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork................................
Nightwork.............................
Linotype operators:
Daywork................................
Nightwork.............................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, day or night
work.....................................
First assistants, day or night
work.....................................
Second assistants, day or
night work...........................
Third assistants, day or night
work.....................................
Fourth assistants, day or
night work...........................
Stereotypers, day or night work..




i Including pressmen, platen presses.

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

56

T a b le I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
PORTLAND, OREG.
Rate of wages per hour on May 1 5 -

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 191? 1912

jBakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
Foreman...................
Oven men................
Mixers......................
s, second hands...

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
40.35 40.35 40.35 43.86 43.86
33.33 33.33 33.33 36.84 36.84
38.60 38.60 42.11 42.11
28.07 28.07 28.07 31.58 31.58

Cents.
46.30
38.89
44.44
33.33

75.00

75.00

75.00

75.00

44

44.44
27.78

44.44
27.78

50.00
27.78

75.00
50.00
62.50
43.75
34.38
75.00
50.00
56.25
34.38
37.50
62.50
50.00
75.00
75.00
56.25
75.00
37.50
62.50

44

44.44
27.78

54
54

54
54

62.50
70.00

57
57
57
57

57
57
57
57

57
57
57
57

57
57
57
57

54
54
54
54

44

44

54
54

54
54

44
48
48
48
48
48
48
148
248
48
48
48
44
48
48
48
48
248

44
48
48
48
48
44
48
44
48
48
48
48
44
44
48
44
44
44

44
44

44
44

57
57
57
57

Building trades.
Bricklayers.
Carpenters.
Cement workers (finishers).
Cement workers' helpers___
Cement workers' laborers...,
Gas fitters............................
Hod carriers........................
Inside wiremen...................
Inside wiremen's helpers_
_
Laborers...............................
Marble setters......................
Painters................................
Plasterers.............................
Plumbers.............................
Sheet-metal workers...........
Steam fitters........................
Steam fitters' helpers..........
Structural iron workers____

75.00

62.50

75.00

75.00

43.75
31.25

43.75
31.25

43.75
31.25

43.75
31.25

56.25
37.50
75.00
75.00
50.00
75.00
34.38
56.25

56.25
43.75
68.75
62.50
50.00
62.50
34.38
56.25

56.25
43.75
75.00
75.00
56.25
75.00
34.38
56.25

56.25
43.75
75.00
75.00
56.25
75.00
34.38
56.25

75.00
50.00
62.50
43.75
34.38
75.00
50.00
50.00
34.38
37.50
62.50
50.00
75.00
75.00
56.25
75.00
34.38
62.50

56.25
70.00

56.25
70.00

62.50
70.00

62.50
70.00

62.50
70.00

48

48

48

48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48

48 48
48 48
48 48
48 48
48 48
48 48
48 48
48 248

48
44

48
44

44
44

Marble and stone trades.
Granite cutters...............
Stonecutters, soft stone..

44
44

Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:

Manufacturing
.
Blacksmiths' helpers: Manufac­
turing shops................... .
.
Boiler makers: Outside me
.
Boiler makers' helpers: Outside
men................................. .
.
.
Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and
machine..........................
Pattern makers, wood........

45.00

45.00

45.00

45.00

45.00

45.00

54

54

54

54

54

54

27.78
38.89

27.78
50.00

27.78
50.00

27.78
50.00

27.78
50.00

27.78
50.00

54
54

54
48

54
48

54
48

54
48

54
48

22.00
38.89
40.00

31.25
41.67
40.00

31.25
41.67
40.00

31.25
41.67
40.00

31.25
41.67
45.00

31.25
41.67
45.00

54
54
54

48
54
54

48
54
54

48
54
54

48
54
48

48
54
48

38.89
41.67

41.67
41.67

41.67
41.67

41.67
41.67

41.67
41.67

41.67
41.67

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

40.63
50.00

43.75
50.00

43.75
53.13

43.75
53.13

54
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

46.88
59.38

50.00
59.38

50.00
65.63

50.00
65.63

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

34.38
29.17

34.38
29.17

34.38
29.17

34.38
29.17

51
51

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

56.25
46.88

56.25
46.88

56.25
46.88

56.25
46.88

51
51

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

46.88
43.75
37.50

46.88 46.88 46.88
43.75 43.75 43.75
37.50 37.50 37.50
244 hours,;lune to

51
51
51

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders: Forwarders, blank
33.33 40.63
work..........
Compositors.
50.00 50.00
Electrotypers: Finishers, bat­
tery men, builders, and molders.. 46.88 46.88
59.38 59.38
Linotype operators..
Press feeders:
29.41 34.38
Cylinder presses
Platen presses...
25.49 29.17
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operating foremen of 2 or
47.06 50.00
more presses.
39.22 41.67
Operating 2 pi
Pressmen, platen
. 41.18 43.75
35.29 37.50
Operating 3 presses.
29.41 31.25
Operating 2 presses.
Septeml>er.




Sept;emb or.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T able

57

I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
PORTLAND, OREG.—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 19111912

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Dayw ork..............................
Nightwork............................
Linotype operators:
Daywork................................
Nightwork............................
Pressmen, web presses:
Daywork..............................
Nightwork...........................
ypers: Day or night work

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
59.38 59.38 59.38 59.38 59.38 68.33
65.63 65.63 65.63 65.63 65.63 75.00
59.38
65.63

59.38
65.63

59.38
65.63

59.38
65.63

59.38
65.63

68.33
75.00

41.67

43.75
46.88
50.00

43.75
46.88
50.00

50.00
53.13
50.00

50.00
53.13
53.13

45
45

48

53.13
59.34
53.13

48

45
45

48

48
45*
48

PROVIDENCE, R. I.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands—Hebrew
union.........................................
Bakers, second hands—Hebrew
union.........................................
Bakers, third hands—Hebrew
union.........................................

20.51

20.51

23.08

30.00

31.67

33.33

78

78

78

60

60

60

17.95

17.95

20.51

26.67

28.33

30.00

78

78

78

60

60

60

10.26

10.26

12.82

21.67

23.33

25.00

78

78

78

60

60

60

55.00
41.00

55.00
41.00

55.00
45.00

60.00
45.00

44
44

41.00
27.38
34.38
50.00

41.00
27.38
37.50
56.25

41.00
27.38
37.50
56.25

43. 75
25.00
45.00
45.00

50.00
25.00
45.00
45.00

50.00
25.00
45.00
50.00

50.00
25.00
50.00
50.00

60.00 44 44
50.00 44 44
50.00
43.75 44 44
27.38 44 44
40.91 48 48
60.00 44 44
50.00
41.00
50.00 *44* *44*
31.25 44 44
50.00 44 44
56.25 48 48

44
44

41.00
25.00
31.25
50.00

60.00
45.00
50.00
41.00
27.38
40.91
56.25
50.00
41.00
50.00
31.25
50.00
50.00

44
44
44
44 44 44
44 44 44
44 44 44
44 44 44
44
44
*44* *44* 44
44 44 44
44 44 44
44 44 44

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

Building trades.
Bricklayers.......................
Carpenters........................
Gas fitters.........................
Inside wiremen................
Inside wiremen’s helpers.
Painters............................
Plasterers..........................
Plumbers..........................
Sheet-metal workers........
Steam fitters.....................
Steam fitters’ helpers.......
Stonemasons....................
Structural iron workers..
Marble and stone trades.
Granite cutters:
Inside men.......................
Machine men...................
Outside men.....................
Stonecutters, soft stone.........

37.50

37.50

37.50

38.50

37.50
50.00

37.50
50.00

37.50
50.00

40.63
50.00

38.50
46.88
40.63
50.00

38.50 145 145 145 145 145 145
46.88
145 145
40.63 H5' 145' 145* * 4 * 145 145
15
50.00 48 48 48 48 48 44

27.50
43.75

30.00
43.75

30.00
43.75

30.00
43.75

33.33
50.00

33.33
50.00

55
44

55
44

55
44

55
44

54
48

54
48

15. oa 15.00
34 38 34.38
30.56 30.56

15.00
34.38
30.56

15.00
34.38
30.56

16.67
37.50
30.56

16.67
37.50
30.56

55
44
54

55
44
54

55
44
54

55
44
54

54
48
54

54
48
54

27.50
33.33

27.50
33.33

27.50
33.33

27.50
38.89

27.50
43.75

27.50
43.75

55
54

55
54

55
54

55
54

55
48

55
48

30. £6
25.00

30.56
40.00

30.56
40.00

30.56
40.00

30.56
40.00

30.56
40.00

54
60

54
55

54
55

54
55

54
55

54
55

33.33
33.33

33.33
33.33

33.33
33.33

33.33
33.33

35.42 37.50
35.42 , 47.92

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

31.48
25.00

31.48
25.00

35.42
28.13

35.42
28.13

35.42
28.13

54
54

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

Metal trades.
Boiler makers:
Shopmen...............................
Outside men..........................
Boiler makers’ helpers:
Shopmen...............................
Outside men..........................
Core makers............. .................... .
Machinists:
General scale......................... .
Breweries................................
Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and
machine.................................... .
Pattern makers, wood................ .
Printing trades, book and job.
Compositors..........................
Linotype operators................
Pressmen:
Cylinder presses.............
Platen presses.................




35.42
28.13

148 hours, January to April and October to December.

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

58

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.

T able I . —

PROVIDENCE, R. I.—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15-

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

Cents.
43.75
50.00
43.75

Cents.
43.75
50.00
43.75

Cents.
43.75
50.00
43.75

Cents.
43.75
50.00
43.75

Cents.
47.92
55.56
47.92

Cents.
47.92 48
55.56 48
47.92 48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
45
48

48
45
48

41.71
47.67
37.50
42.86

45.46
51.95
41.25
47.14

45.46
51.95
41.25
47.14

45.46
51.95
41.25
47.14

45.46
51.95
41.25
47.14.

45.46
51.95
41.25
47.14

48
42
48
42

48
42
48
42

48
42
48
42

48
42
48
42

48
42
48
42

48
42
48
42

51.02
50.00

51.02
50.00

51.02
50.00

51.02
50.00

51.02
50.00

50.00
50.00

49
42

49
42

49
42

49
42

49
42

42
42

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
60
48
48
48

48
60
48
48
48

48
54
48
48
48

48
54
48
48
48

48
48
54
54
54
48
48
54
48
48
48

48
43
48
48
54
48
48
54
48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
D ayw ork................................
Nightwork.............................
Linotype operators, daywork___
Pressmen, web presses:
_
Head pressmen, daywork_
Head pressmen, nightwork ..
Journeymen, daywork..........
Journeymen, nightwork.......
Stereotypers:
Daywork................................
Nightwork.............................

RICHMOND, VA.
Building trades.
. Bricklayers.......................
Carpenters........................
Inside wiremen................
Inside wiremen’s helpers.
Painters............................
Plasterers..........................
Plumbers..........................
Sheet-metal workers.......
Steam fitters.....................
Stonemasons....................
Structural iron workers..

50.00
37.50

50.00
37.50

62.50
37.50

62.50
37.50

37.50
37.50
50.00
50.00

46.88
23.00
46.88
50.00
50.00

46.88
26.50
46.88
62.50
50.00

46.88
28.00
46.88
62.50
50.00

62.50
37.50
30.56
11.11
27.78
43.75
46.'88
31.00
46.88
62.50
50.00

43.75
46.88
43.75

43.75
46.88
43.75

43.75
46.88
50.00

43.75
46.88
50.00

43.75
46.88
50.00

43.75
46.88
50.00

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

28.50
27.00
27.00

28.50
27.00
27.00

31.00
31.00
31.00

31.86
34.50
34.50

32.50
33.86
38.00
35.50

32.50
33.86
38.00
35.50

55
60 *60* *60* *54* 54
60 60 54 54 54
60 60 54 54 54

55
54
54
54

26.50
27.50
25.00

30.00
30.00
28.50

32.00
32.00
32.00

35.00
34.50
35.50
34.50

35.00
37.25
38.00
34.50

35.00
39.26
39.00
38.50

60
60
60

60
60
60

60
54
54

55
54
54
54

55
54
54
54

55
54
54
54

16.50
13.00
15.00
30.56

16.50
13.00
15.00
33.78

16.50
14.00
15.00
33.78

17.50 20.00
16.50 16.50
17.50 19.50
17.50 17.50
33.78 33.78

20.00
19.50
20.50
19.50
33.78

60
60
60
54

60
60
60
54

60
54
54
54

55
54
54
54
54

55
54
54
54
54

55
54
54
54
54

30.00

30.00

30.00

32.50

35.50

35.50

55

55

55

55

55

55

26.00

26.00

26.00

26.00

27.50

27.50

55

55

55

55

55

55

30.00

30.00

55

55

30.00
36.54
38.00

30.00
36.54
38.00

55
54
54

55
54
54

22.00

Marble and stone trades.
Granite cutters:
Handwork.......................
Machine men...................
Stonecutters, soft stone..........
Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, road B ..........
Railroad shops, road C......... .
Boiler makers:
Shopmen.................................
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, road B ..........
Railroad shops, road C ..........
Boiler makers’ helpers:
Shopmen.................................
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, road B ..........
Railroad shops, road C......... .
Core makers................................. .
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops.............
Locomotive works, general
scale.................................... .
Locomotive works, all-round
men.................................... .
Locomotive works, tool and
die makers...........................
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, other........... .




29.00
29.00

29.00
29.00

32.50
32.50

34.56
34.50

60* *60* *60* 54
60 60 54 54

59

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T a b l e I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.

RICHMOND, VA.—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1807

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Metal trades—Concluded.
Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
48.75 48.75 48.75 48.75

48

48

48

48

39.44
39.44

42.78
42.78

42.78
42.78

42.78
42.78

42.78
42.78

42.78
42.78

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

33.33
37.50

33.33
37.50

33.33
37.50

33.33
41.67

33.33
41.67

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

16.67
11.11

16.67
11.11

20.83
15.63

20.83
15.63

20.83
15.63

20.83
15.63

54
54

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

25.92
18.52

Floor, railroad shops..........

Cents.

33.33
37.50

Molders, iron:
Bench, floor, and machine
Bencn and machine, railroad

25.92
18.52

29.17
20.83

29.17
20.83

29.17
20.83

29.17
20.83

54
54

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

33.33
37.50

33.33
37.50

33.33
37.50

33.33
37.50

33.33
37.50

33.33
37.50

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

37.50
41.67

37.50
41.67

37.50
41.67

37.50
41.67

41.67
45.83

41.67
45.83

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48
48

Printing trades, book, and job.
Compositors...............
Linotype operators...
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses..
Platen presses___
Pressmen:
Cylinder presses..
Platen presses___
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Nightwork....................
Linotype operators:
Daywork......................
Nightwork.....................
.
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, day or night
work.....................................
Journeymen, day or night
work.....................................
Stereotypers:
Daywork................................
Nightwork...............................

45.83

45.83

45.83

45.83

45.83

45.83

48

48

48

48

48

29.17

29.17

29.17

29.17

29.17

29.17

48

48

48

48

48

48

31.25
32.29

31.25
32.29

31.25
32.29

35.42
36.46

35.42
36.46

35.42
36.46

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

ST. LOUIS, MO.
Bakery trades.
Baiters, first hands:
Bohemian union1...................
German union (spongers)___
German union (oven m en)...
Hebrew union.........................
Bakers, second hands:
Bohemian union.....................
German union (bench hands).
Hebrew union.........................
Bakers, third hands: Hebrew
union..........................................

20.83 ■20.83
29.63 29.63
29.63 29.63

20.83
29.63
29.63

31.48
31.48
31.48

31.48 31.48
41.48 31.48
31.48 31.48
40. 74 40.74

72
54
54

72
54
54

72
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

18.06
25.93

18.06
25.93

27.78
27.78

27.78
27.78
33.33

27.78
27.78
33.33

72
54

72
54

72
54

54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

29.63

29.63

54

54

18.06
25.93

Building trades.
Bricklayers....................................
Carpenters.....................................
Cement workers (finishers)...........
Cement workers’ helpers..............
Cement workers’ laborers.............
Gas fitters......................................
Hod carriers:
Brick men...............................
Mortar men.............................
Inside wiremen.............................
Inside wiremens’ helpers..............
Laborers........................................
Marble setters................................
Painters.........................................
Plasterers.......................................




65.00
55.00
57.50
40.00
37.50
62.50

65.00
55.00
57.50
40.00
37.50
66.25

65.00
60.00
57.50
40.00
37.50
66.25

70.00
60.00
62.50
45.00
40.00
66.25

70.00
62.50
62.50
45.00
40.00
66.25

70.00
62.50
62.50
45.00
40.00
66.25

44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44

65.00
18.75
25.00
56.25
50.00
75.00

65.00
18.75
25.00
56.25
50.00
75.00

65.00
18.75
25.00
56.25
50.00
75.00

65.00
18.75
25.00
62.50
52.50
75.00

42.50
45 00
65.00
18.75
25.00
62.50
55.00
75.00

42.50
45.00
65.00
18.75
25.00
62.50
55.00
75.00

44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

1 Foremen in charge of less than 5 men.

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

60
T able

I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
ST. LOUIS, MO.—Continued.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907
Building trades—Concluded.
Plasterers’ laborers........................
Plumbers.......................................
Sheet-metal workers.....................
Steam fitters:
Regular scale...........................
Breweries................................
Steam fitters’ helpers:
Regular scale...........................
Breweries................................
Stone masons.................................
Structural iron workers................

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
56.25
62.50 66.25 66.25 66.25 66.25
56.25 60.00
50.00 50.00 50.00

Cents.
56.25
66.25 44
60.00 44

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44
44

44
44
44

68.75
50.00

68.75
50.00

68.75
50.00

68.75
50.00

68.75
57.50

68.75
57.50

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

37.50
29.38
60. C
O
60.00

37.50
29.38
60.00
60.00

37.50
29.38
60.00
60.00

37.50
29.38
60.00
60.00

37.50
32.50
60.00
65.00

37.50
32.50
60.00
65.00

44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

50.00
56.25
56.25
56.25

50.00
56.25
56.25
56.25

50.00
56.25
56.25
56.25

50.00
56.25
56.25
56.25

50.00
56.25
56.25
56.25

50.00
56.25
56.25
56.25

44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

33.33
32.00

33.33
34.00

33.33
34.00

33.33
38.00

33.33
38.00

33.33
38.00

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

19.00
19.00

21.50
21.50

21.50
21.50

23.00
24.00

23.00
24.00

23.00
24.00

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

35.00
50.00
35.00

35.00
50.00
35.00

38.00
50.00
38.00

38.00
50.00
38.00

40.00
56.25
40.00

40.00
56.25
40.00

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

22. 00.
35.00
*2.00
>
33.89

22.00
35.00
22.00
33.89

22.00
35.00
25.00
33.89

22.00
35.00
25.00
33.89

24.00
40.00
27.00
37.22

24.00
40.00
27.00
37.22

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
44
54
54

54
44
54
54

54
44
54
54

30.00
40.00
36.00

33.00
40.00
36.00

33.00
40.00
36.00

33.00
40.00
39.00

33.00
40.00
39.00
48.00

33.00
40.00
39.00
50.00

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54
48

54
54
54
48

33.89
35.00

33.89
35.00

33.89
35.00

33.89
35.00

37.22
37.22

37.22
37.22

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

40.00
45.00
30.00

40.00
45.00
30.00

43.50
48.00
30.00

45.00
55.00
34.50

48.00
55.00
3450

48.00
55.00
36.00

50
54
54

50
54
54

50
54
54

50
54
54

50
54
54

50
54
54

31.48
S8 89
33.33
35.19
29.63
33.33
27.78

35.42 35.42
43. 75 43.75
37.50 37.50
39.58 39.58
33.33 33.33
37.50 37.50
31.25 31.25

35.42
43. 75
37.50
39.58
33.33
37.50
31.25

37.50
45.83
41.67
39.58
37.50
43.75
38.54

39.58
47.92
43.75
39.58
39.58
44.79
39.58

54
54
54
54
54
54
54

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
4S
48
48
48
48

38.00
38.00

38.00
38.00

38.00
38.00

41.67
41.67

42.71
41.67

43.75
41.67

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

26.00
39.00
42.00
50.00

26.00
39.00
42.00
50.00

30.00
42.00
44.00
50.00

30.00
42.00
44.00
50.00

30.00
42.0b
44.00
50.00

30.00
42.00
44.00
50.00

50
50
50
48

50
50
50
48

50
50
50
48

50
50
50
48

50
50
50
48

50
50
50
48

Marble and stone trades.
Granite cutters:
Inside men, building work. . .
Machine men..........................
Outside men...........................
Stonecutters, soft stone...............
Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops........................
Blacksmiths’ helpers:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops........................
Boiler makers:
Shopmen.................................
Outside men...........................
Railroad shops........................
Boiler makers’ helpers:
Shopmen.................................
Outside men...........................
Railroad shops........................
Core makers...................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops..............
Tool and die makers..............
Railroad shops........................
Breweries................................
Molders, irop:
Bench......................................
Floor........................................
Pattern makers, wood:
Manufacturing shops..............
Jobbing shops.........................
Railroad shops........................
Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Cutters.....................................
Finish ers, first-class
Finishers, second-class...........
Forwarders, first-class............
Forwarders, printed work___
Rulers, first-class....................
Rulers, second-class...............
Compositors:
English union.........................
German union........................
Electrotypers:
Battery men and builders_
_
Finishers.................................
Molders....................................
Linotype operators........................




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T a b le

61

I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
ST. LOUIS, MO.—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Printing trades, book and job—
Concluded.
Press feeders:
Cylinder, lithographic, and
automatic presses................
Lithographic No. 2 or less
(except aluminograph and
pony presses).......................
Aluminograph and two-color
presses..................................
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operating 1 press....................
Operating 2 presses less than
24 by 36 inches, or 1 press
less than 24 by 36 inches
and 1 or 2 platen presses,
or 1 single Harris press.......
Operating 2 presses 24 by 36
inches and over, or 2 single
Harris presses, or rotary
press, or 2 Kidder presses
(small), or double press----Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 5 presses.................
Operating 4 presses.................
Operating 3 presses.................
Operating 1 or 2 presses.........
Operating 42-inch coupon
press......................................
Operating 28-inch coupon
press......................................

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
27.78 27.78 31.25 31.25 31.25 31.25 54

54

48

48

22.22

22.22

25.00

25.00

25.00

25.00

54

54

48

29.63

29.63

33.33

33.33

33.33

33.33

54

54

48

29.17

29.17

35.42

35.42

35.42

35.42

54

54

29.17

29.17

39.58

39.58

39.58

43.75

54

38.89

38.89

46:88

46.88

46.88

46.88

29.17
26.30
22.22
20.37

29.17
26.30
22.22
20.37

40.63
37.50
34.38
31.25

40.63
37.50
34.38
31.25

40.63
37.50
34.38
31.25

40.63
37.50
34.38
31.25

29.17

29.17

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

26.39

26.39

31.25

31.25

31.25

31.25

50.54
52.50

50.54
52.50

50.54
52.50

50.54
52.50

50.54
52.50

58.70
58.67

58.00
60.00

58.00
60.00

58.00
60.00

58.00
60.00

58.00
60.00

45
66.67 45 ! 45 45 45 45
66.67 140 140 140 140 140 140

48

48

48

48

48

48

48

48

48

48

48

48

54

48

48

48

48

54

54

48

48

48

48

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

54

54

48

48

48

48

54

54

48

48

48

48

46
40

46
40

46
40

46
40

46
40

46
40

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork:
English union..........................
German union........................
Compositors, nightwork:
English union.........................
German union........................
Linotype operators, daywork:
German union.........................
Linotype operators, nightwork:
German union........................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork—
Head pressmen, nightwork...
Journeymen, daywork...........
Journeymen, nightwork.........
Stereotypers:
Daywork..................................
Nightwork...............................

52.50

52.50

52.50

52.50

52.50

58.67

60.00

60.00

60.00

60.00

60.00

66.67 140 140 140 140 140 140

50.00
50.00
40.63
40.63

50.00
50.00
40.63
40.63

50.00
50.00
40.63
40.63

54.38
58.00
45.63
48.67

54.38 54.38
58.00 58.00
45.63 . 45.63
48.67 48.67

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
45
48
45

48
45
48
45

48
45
48
45

46.88
51.14

46.88
51.14

50.00
54.55

50.00
54.55

50.00
54.55

50.00
54.55

48 48
44 j 44

48
44

48
44

48
44

48
44

48
48
44

44
44
44

44
44
44

44
44
44

44
44
44

44
44
44

44
44
44

44
44
44
44
*44* *44* 44
44 44 44
44 44 44

44
44
44
44
44
44
44

40

40

40

40

40

40

SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH.
Building trades.
Bricklayers....................................
Carpenters.....................................
Gas fitters......................................
Hod carriers:
Brick men..............................
Mortar men.............................
Inside wiremen.............................
Inside wiremens’ helpers..............
Laborers........................................
Painters.........................................
Plasterers.......................................




68.75
50.00
65.00

68.75
56.25
65.00

68.75
56.25
65.00

75.00
62.50
65.00

75.00
62.50
70.00

75.00
62.50
70.00

37.50
43.75
40.63

43,75
50.00
43.75

43.75
50.00
43.75

43.75
50.00
46.88

37.50
50.00
62.50

37.50
50.00
75.00

37.50
56.25
75.00

37.50
56.25
75.00

43.75
50.00
50.00
34.38
37.50
58.25
75.00

43.75 48 44
50.00 48 44
56.25 44 44
34.38
37.50 *48* *44*
56.25 48 48
75.00 48 44

i Worked 5 days per week.

44
44
44

B U L L E T IN OP T H E BU REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

62

T a b l e I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH—Concluded.
Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Rate of wages per hour on May 15Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1.907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Cents.
50.00
65.00
50.00
65.00

Cents.
56.25
65.00
55.00
65.00

62.50
33.33

62.50
50.00

Cents.
56.25
65.00
55.00
65.00
31.25
62.50
50.00

Cents.
56.25
65.00
55.00
65.00
31.25
62.50
56.25

Cents.
56.25
70.00
57.50
70.00
31.25
62.50
56.25

Cents.
56.25
70.00
57.50
70.00
31.25
62.50
61.36

Granite cutters: Inside men and
outside men................................ 62.50
Stonecutters, soft stone................ 62.50

62.50
62.50

62.50
62.50

62.50
62.50

62.50
62.50

39.00
27.50

39.00
27.50

43.70
30.00

43.70
30.00

35.00
36.00

37.50
38.00

40.00
40.00

24.00
36.11

24.00
36.11

40.00
39.00
20.00

Building trades—Concluded.
Plasterers’ laborers.........
Plumbers........................
Sheet-metal workers......
Steam fitters...................
Steam fitters’ helpers . . .
Stonemasons...................
Structural iron workers.

44
44
44
44
44
*44* *44* 44
54 48 48

44
44
44
44
44
44
48

44
44
44
44
44
44
48

44
44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

48
48

48
48

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
48

54
48

54
54' *54* *54* 48
54 54 54 54

54
48
54

48
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

62.50
62.50

44
44

44.70
31.00

44.70
31.00

42.00
42.00

43.00
43.00

43.00
43.00

26.00
36.11

28.00
36.11

20.00
29.00
36.11

20.00
29.00 *54
38.89 54

40.00
39.00
24.00

43.00
42.00
25.00

43.00
42.00
25.00
41.67

44.00
43.00
26.00
44.44

44.00
43.00
26.00
44.44

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54
54

48
48
48
54

48
48
48
54

41.67

41.67

41.67

41.67

41.67

41.67

54

54

54

54

54

54

33.33
45.83
56.25
22.22

43.75
45.83
56.25
25.00

43.75
45.83
56.25
29.17

43.75
48.96
56.25
29.17

43.75
50.00
56.25
29.17

43.75 54
50.00 48
56.25 '48
29.17 54

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

33.33
33.33

37.50
37.50

41.67
41.67

50.00
46.88

50.00
46.88

50.00
46.88

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

33.33
33.33
33.33
22.22

37.50
37.50
37.50
25.00

41.67
41.67
37.50
25.00

50.00
43.75
37.50
31.25

50.00
43.75
37.50
31.25

50.00
43.75
37.50
31.25

54
54
54
54

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

56.25
62.50

56.25
62.50

56.25
62.50

56.25
62.50

59.38
65.63

62.50
68.75

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

56.25
43.75
46.88
43.75

56.25
43.75
46.88
46.88

56.25
43.75
46.88
46.88

56.25
43.75
46.88
50.00

59.38
46.88
50.00
50.00

62.50
46.88
50.00
50.00

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

Marble and stone trades.

Metal trades.
Blacksmiths.................................
Blacksmiths’ helpers....................
Boiler makers:
Shopmen................................
Railroad shops...................... .
Boiler makers’ helpers:
Shopmen.................................
Railroad shops...................... .
Core makers................................. .
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops............ .
Railroad shops, general scale.
Railroad shops, specialists...,
Smelter furnaces...................
Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and
machine.....................................
Printing

, book and job.

Bookbinders: Finishers and for­
warders......................................
Compositors...................................
Linotype operators.......................
Press feeders, cylinder presses___
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Working foremen...................
Journeymen............................
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 7 presses1..............
Operating 6 presses................
Operating 3 or 4 presses.........
Operating 1 or 2 presses....... .
Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Nightwork............................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, day or night
work................................ ...
Journeymen, daywork.........
Journeymen, nightwork___
Stereotypers, day o f night work.,




1 With an assistant.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.

63

T a b l e I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—
Trade.

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

1907
Bakery trades.
Bakers:
First hands.............................
Second hands..........................
Third hands............................
Building trades.
Bricklayers....................................
Carpenters.....................................
Cement workers (finishers)..........
Cement workers’ helpers..............
Cement workers’ laborers.............
Gas fitters......................................
Hod carriers...................................
Inside wiremen.............................
Inside wiremen’s helpers..............
Laborers........................................
Marble setters................................
Painters..........................................
Plasterers.......................................
Plasterers’ laborers........................
Plumbers.......................................
Sheet-metal workers......................
Steam fitters:
Union A—Buildings..............
Union A — Manufacturing
» shops....................................
•
Union A—Ships......................
Union B ..................................
Structural iron workers................
Marble and stone trades.
Gr&nite cutters:
Inside men..............................
Outside men...........................
Stonecutters, soft stone.................
Metal trades.
Blacksmiths:
Manufacturing shops..............
Ship work................................
Blacksmiths’ helpers....................
Boiler makers: Shopmen and
outside m e n ..............................
Boiler makers’ helpers: Shopmen
and outside men........................
Core makers...................................
Machinists:
All-round men, tool and die
makers.................................
Specialists...............................
Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and
machine.................................... .
Pattern makers, wood..................
Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Finishers and forwarders,
blank work..........................
Forwarders, law work............
Compositors...................................
Electrotypers: Battery men,
builders, finishers, and molders.
Linotype operators........................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses......................
Platen presses.........................
Pressmen, cylinder presses:
Operating 2 presses.................
Operating 1 press....................
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 3 presses.................
Operating 2 presses.................

1908

1909

1910

1911

Cents.
36.67
30.00
28.33

Cents.
46.30
38.89
37.04

Cents.
46.30
38.89
37.04

Cents.
46.30
38.89
37.04

Cents.
46.30
38.89
37.04

Cents.
46.30 60
38.89 60
37.04 60

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

87.50
62.50
75.00
62.50
50.00

87.50
62.50
75.00
62.50
50.00

87.50
62.50
75.00
62.50
50.00

87.50
62.50
75.00
62.50
50.00

44
44
48
48
48

44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44

50.00
62.50

50.00
62.50

50.00
62.50

50.00
62.50

87.50
62.50
75.00
62.50
50.00
75.00
50.00
62.50
18.75
27.78
62.50
56.25
87.50
62.50
75.00
68.75

44
44

44
44

44
44

54

54

54

48
44
44

48
44
44

48
44
44

44

44

44

44 44
44 •44
44 44
44 44
44 44
44
44 44
44 44
44
54 54
44
44 44
44 44
44 44
44
44 44

44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
54
44
44
44
44
44
44

75.00

44

44

44

44

44

44
48
48
44
44

27.78

27.78

27.78

27.78

50.00
87.50
62.50

50.00
87.50
62.50

50.00
87.50
62.50

56.25
87.50
62.50

68.75

68.75

68.75

68.75

87.50
62.50
75.00
62.50
50.00
75.00
50.00
62.50
18.75
27.78
62.50
56.25
87.50
62.50
75.00
68.75

62.50

75.00

75.00

75.00

75.00

56.25
43.75
75.00
62.50

48
54

62.50

56.25
43.75
75.00
62.50

48

48 48 48 48
54 *52* 249* 48
44
44 44 44 44

62.50
68.75
62.50

62.50
68.75
62.50

62.50
68.75
62.50

62.50
68.75
62.50

43
44
44

48
44
44

48
44
44

44
44
44

44
44
44

44.44

45.71

48.43
36.36

50.00
50.00
37.50

54

34.29

50.00
50.00
37.50

54

33.33

54

54

52* 49* 48
48
52* 49* 43

48
48
48

56.25
38.89

56.25
38.89

56.25
40.00

56.25
42.42

62.50

62.50

62.50

56.25
62.50
62.50

56.25
62.50
62.50

44.44
33.33




48
44
44

‘50.00

50.00

50.00

50.00

50.00

50.00

54

54

52* 49* 48

48

27.78
44.44

27.78
44.44

28.57
45.71

30.30
48.49

31.25
50.00

31.25
50.00

54
54

54
54

52* 49* 48
52* 49* 48

48
48

38.89
33.33

38.89
33.33

40.00
34.29

42.42
36.36

43.75
37.50

43.75
37.50

54
54

54
54

524 494 48
52* 49* 48

48
48

44.44
55.56

44.44
55.56

45.71
57.14

48.48
60.61

50.00
62.50

50.00
62.50

54
54

54
54

52* 494 48
52* 49| 48

48
48

43.75
43.75
50.00

43.75
43.75
50.00

43.75
43.75
50.00

43.75
43.75
50.00

46.88
43.75
50.00

50.00
50.00
50.00

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

50.00

50.00

50.00

50.00

53.13
64.44

56.25
64.44

48

48

48

48

43
45

48
45

31.25
25.00

31.25
25.00

31.25
25.00

34.38
28.13

34.38
28.13

34.38
28.13

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

56.25
50.00

56.25
50.00

56.25
50.00

56.25
50.00

56.25
50.00

56.25
50.00

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

50.00
43.75

50.00
43.75

50.00
43.75

50.00
43.75

50.00
43.75

50.00
43.75

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

151 hours, June to November; 49* hours during December.

5653°—13------5

1912 1907 1908:1909 19101911 1912
i

2 48 hours, June to December.

64

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS,

T a b l e I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 19111912

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors, daywork, English
union.........................................
Compositors, nightwork:
English union.........................
German and Italian union....
Linotype operators, daywork,
English union............................
Linotype operators, nightwork:
English union.........................
German and Italian union__
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, day or night
work....................................
Tension men, day or night
work.....................................
Oilers and platers, day or
night work......................... .
Floormen, day or night work.
Stereotypers, day or night work..

Cents.
60.00

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
60.00 64.44 64.44 64.44 64.44

45

66.67

66.67

71.11

71.11

45
42

60.00

60.00

64.44

66.67

66.67

71.11

71.11
59.52

71.11
69.05

64.44

4.44

64.44

71.11

71.11
59.52

71.11
69.05

68.89

68.89

56.67

68.89

50.00

6a 00

60.00

60.00

60.00

56.67
52.67
53.33

56.67
52.67
60.00

56.67
52.67
60.00

56.67
52.67
60.00

45
45

60.00

46.67
43.33
53.33

45

56.67
52.67
60.00

45
45
45

SCRANTON, PA.
Building trades.
Bricklayers.............................
Carpenters..............................
Gas fitters...............................
Hod carriers............................
Inside wiremen......................
Inside wiremen’s helpers.......
Laborers.................................
Painters...................................
Plasterers................................
Plumbers................................
Sheet-metal workers...............
Steam fitters...........................
Steam fitters’ helpers.............
Stonemasons.........................
Structural iron workers.........

55.00
35.00
40.63
20.00
31.25
18.75
12.50
40.00
45.00
40.63
34.38
40.63
25.00
39.50
50.00

55.00
37.50
40.63
20.00
31.25
18.75
15.00
40.00
45.00
40.63
40.63
40.63
25.00
39.50
50.00

55.00
37.50
46.88
25.00
31.25
18.75
20.00
40.00
50.00
46.88
40.63
40.63
25.00
39.50
50.00

55.00
42.50
46.88
25.00
46.88
31.25
20.00
40.00
50.00
46.88
40.63
40.63
25.00
45.00
50.00

55.00
42.50
46.88
25.00
46.88
31.25
20.00
40.00
50.00
46.88
43.75
40.63
25.00
45.00
56.25

55.00
42.50
46.88
25.00
46.88
31.25
20.00
40.00
50.00
46.88
43.75
40.63
25.00
45.00
56.25

48
48
48
60
48
48
60
48
44
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
60
48
48
60
48
44
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
44
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
44
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
44
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
48
44
48
48
48
48
48
48

Stonecutters, soft stone..........

45.00

45.00

45.00

50.00

50.00

50.00

48

48

48

48

48

48

Boiler makers................................
Core makers..................................
Machinists.....................................
Molders, iron:
Bench and floor, stoves and
heaters................................
Bench and floor, machinery..,

27.00
18.00
25.00

27.00
18.00
25.00

27.00 27.00
20. C 20.00
O
25.00 25.00

27.00
20.00
25.00

28.00
25.00
25.00

60
60
60

60
60
60

60
60
60

60
60
60

60
60
60

54
60
60

36.11
25.00

36.11
25.00

36.11
25.00

36.11
25.00

36.11
25.00

36.11
25.00

54
60

54
60

54
60

51
60

54
60

54
60

25.00
25.93
37.50

28.13
29.17
37.50

33.33
33.33
37.50

33.33
35.42
39.58

37.50
41.67
39.58

37.50
41.67
43.75

54
54
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

33.33
37.50
43.75
41.67

33.33
37.50
43.75
41.67

33.33
37.50
43.75
41.67

33.33
37.50
43.75
43.75

33.33
37.50
43.75
43.75

37.50
41.67
45.83
45.83

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

15.03
12.50
37.50

15.63
12.50
37.50

15.63
15.63
37.50

22.92
15.63
43.75

25.00
15.63
45.83

25.00
15.63
45.83

48 48
48 ; 48
48 48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

20.83
18.75

20.83
18.75

20.83
18.75

29.17
25.00

31.25
27.08

31.25
27.08

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

Marble and stone trades.

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders:
Forwarders, blank work........
Forwarders, printed work___
Compositors..................................
Electrotypers:
Battery men and builders___
Finishers.................................
Molders...................................
Linotype operators....................... .
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses.....................
Platen presses.........................
Pressmen, cylinder presses...........
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 4 or more presses..
Operating 1 to 3 presses......... .




48
48

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.

65

T a b l e I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
SCRANTON, PA.—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
Daywork................................
Nightwork.............................
Linotype operators:
Daywork................................
Nightwork.............................
Pressmen, web presses:
D aywork................................
Nightwork............ ................
Stereotypers:
D ayw ork.................... - ..........
Nightwork.............................

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
39.58 39.58 39.58 43.75 43.75 43.75 48
45.83 45.83 45.83 50.00 50.00 50.00 48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

41.67
47.92

41.67
47.92

41.67
47.92

45.83
52.08

45.83
52.08

45.83
52.08

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

4S
4S

37.50

37.50

37.50

41.67

45.83
45.83

52.08
52.08

48

48

48

48

48
48

48
48

31.25
35.71

35.42
40.48

35.42
40.48

35.42
40.48

35.42
40.48

39.58
45.24

48
42

48
42

48
42

48
42

48
42

48
42

SEATTLE, WASH.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
Daywork.................................
Nightwork.............................
Bakers, second hands:
Dayw ork................................
Nightwork.............................

40.00
40.00

40.00
44.44

41.67
46.30

46.30
46.30

52.08
52.08

52.08
52.08

60
60

60
54

60
54

54
54

48
48

48
48

33.33
33.33

33.33
37.04

33.33
37.04

37.04
37.04

41.67
41.67

41.67
41.67

60
60

60
54

60
54

54
54

48
48

48
48

75.00
62.50
62.50
43.75
31.25
62.50

75.00
50.00
62.50
43.75
31.25
68.75

75.00
50.00
62.50
43.75
31.25
81.25

75.00
56.25
62.50
43.75
31.25
81.25

56.25
37.50

56.25
37.50

62.50
37.50

62.50
37.50

56.25
81.25

56.25
75.00

56.25
75.00

56.25
75.00

62.50
56.25
62.50
56.25

68.75
68.75
68.75
56.25

8L25
50.00
81.25
56.25

81.25
50.00
81.25
56.25

75.00
56.25
62.50
43.75
31.25
81.25
43.75
62.50
37.50
31.25
56.25
75.00
50.00
81.25
50.00
81.25
60.00

75.00 44 44 44
56.25 44 44 44
62.50 48 48 48
43.75 48 48 48
31.25 48 48 48
81.25 44 44 44
43.75
62.50 44 44 44
37.50 44 44 44
31.25
56.25 ’ 44' *44* *44*
75.00 44 44 44
50.00
81.25 *44* *44* *44*
56.25 144 144 44
81.25 44 44 44
60.00 48 48 44

44
44
48
48
48
44
44
44 44
44 44
44
*44' 44
44 44
44
’ 44’ 44
44 44
44 44
44 44

44
44
48
48
43
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

Granite cutters.............................. 56.25
Stoncutters, soft stone................. 62.50

62.50
62.50

62.50
62.50

62.50
70.00

62.50
70.00

62.50
70.00

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

38.89
44.44

50.00
44,44

50.00
44.44

50.00
44.44

50.00
44.44

50.00
44.44

54
54

48
54

48
54

48
54

48
54

48
54

40.00
50.00

40.00
50.00

40.00
50.00

40.00
50.00

45.00
60.00

45.00
60.00

54
48

54
48

54
48

54
48

48
48

48
48

44.44
45.00

44.44
45.00

44.44
45.00

44.44
45.00

44.44
45.00

44.44
45.00

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

Building trades.
Bricklayers....................................
Carpenters.....................................
Cement workers (finishers)..........
Cement workers' helpers..............
Cement workers' laborers.............
Gas fitters......................................
Hod carriers...................................
Inside wiremen.............................
Inside wiremen's helpers..............
Laborers.........................................
Painters.........................................
Plasterers.......................................
Plasterers' laborers........................
Plumbers.......................................
Sheet-metal workers.....................
Steam fitters..................................
Structural iron workers...............

44
44
48
48
48
44

Marble and stone trades.

Metal trades.
Boiler makers: Shopmen and out­
side men.....................................
Core makers...................................
Machinists:
Manufacturing shops..............
Breweries................................
Molders, iron: Bench, floor, and
machine......................................
Pattern makers, wood..................

*48 hours, January to March and September to December.




66

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e I . — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH

CITY, BY TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
SEATTLE, WASH.—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

190S

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders: Cutters, finishers,
forwarders, and rulers, printed
arid blank- wnrlc______________
Compositors..................................
Electrotypers: Battery m e n ,
builders, finishers, and molders.
Linotype operators........................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses......................
Platen presses.........................
Pressmen, cylinder presses..........
Pressmen, platen presses:
Operating 3 or more presses..
Operating 1 or 2 presses.........

Cents. Cents.
43.75 43.75
50.00 50.00

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
43.75 43.75 43.75 46.88 48
50.00 50.00 53.13 53.13 48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

46.88
64.29

47.92
64.29

47.92
64.29

52.08
64.29

52.08
78.57

52.08
78.57

48
42

48
42

48
42

48
42

48
42

48
42

29.17
25.00
46.88

29.17
25.00
46.88

29.17
25.00
46.88

32.29
27.08
50.00

32.29
27.08
51.04

32.29
27.08
51.04

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48 •
48
48

40.63
37.50

40.63
87.50

40.63
37.50

43.75
40.63

44.79
41.67

44.79
41.67

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

64.29
71.43

64.29
71.43

64.29
71.43

64.29
71.43

71.43
78.57

71.43
78.57

42
42

42
42

42
42

42
42

42
42

42
42

64.29
71.43

64.29
71.43

64.29
71.43

64.29
71.43

71.43
78.57

71.43
78.57

42
42

42
42

42
42

42
42

42
42

42
42

46.88

53.13

59.38

59.38

48

48

53.13

53.13

48

48

48

48

50.00

53.13

53.13

56.25

62.50
70.59
56.25
63.53
64.29

48

46.88

62.50
70.59
56.25
63.53
64.29

48

40.63

48

48

48

48

48
m
48
m
42

48
42§
48
m
42

54
48

54
48

54
48

54
48

54
48

Printing trades, newspaper.
Compositors:
D ayw ork................................
Nightwork.............................
Linotype operators:
D ayw ork................................
Nightwork.............................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork----Head pressmen, nightwork
Journeymen, dayw ork..........
Journeymen, nightwork.......
Stereotypers, day or night work.

WASHINGTON, D. C.
Bakery trades.
Bakers, first hands:
Handwork..............................
Machine work.........................

30.56
34.38

32.00
36.00

32.00
36.00

32.00
36.00

33.33
37.50

33.33
37.50

54
48

62.50
50.00

62.50
50.00

62.50
50.00

62.50
50.00

62.50
50.00

62.50
50.00

48 48 48 44* 44J 44i
44J 44$ 44J 44} 44£ 44£

50.00
37.50
56.25
43.75
62.50
28.13
50.00
50.00
50.00

50.00
37.50
56.25
43.75
62.50
28.13
50.00
50.00
50.00

50.00
37.50
56.25
43.75
62.50
28.13
50.00
50.00
50.00

50.00
37.50
56.25
43.75
62.50
28.13
50.00
50.00
50.00

23.13
28.13
50.00
37.50
62.50
46.88
62.50
28.13
50.00
50.00
50.00

32.13
28.13
50.00
37.50
62.50
46.88
62.50
28.13
50.00
50.00
50.00

48
48
48
48
44
44
48
48
48

Building trades.
Bricklayers....................................
Carpenters.....................................
Hoa carriers:
Brick men...............................
Mortar men .........................
Inside wiremen.............................
Inside wiremen’s helpers..............
Marble setters................................
Painters.........................................
Plasterers.......................................
Plasterers’ laborers........................
^lumbers.......................................
Sheet-metal workers.....................
Steam fitters..................................
Steam fitters’ helpers:
Union A ..................................
Union B ...............................
Stonemasons..................................
Structural iron workers...............

48
48
48
48
44
44
48
48
48

48
48
44
48
44
44
48
48
48

44
44
44
43
44
44
48
48
48

44*
m
44
44
44
48
44
44
48
44
48

44b
44£
44
44
44
48
44
44
48
44
48

48

27.50

27.50

27.50

27.50

48

62.50
50.00

62.50
50.00

27.50
27.50
62.50
56.25

48

62.50
50.00

27.50
27.50
62.50
50.00

48

62.50
50.00

48
48

48
48

48
44

48 48
48 48
44| 44* 44J
44 44 44

45.00
51.25
50.00
50.00

45.00
51.25
50.00
50.00

45.00
51.25
50.00
50.00

45.00
51.25
50.00
50.00

45.00
51.25
50.00
50.00

45.00
51.25
50.00
50.00

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

44
44
44
48

Marble and stone trades.
Granite cutters:
Inside men..............................
Machine men..........................
Outside men...........................
Stonecutters, soft stone.................




44
44
44
48

44
44
44
44

67

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
Table

X0— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
CITY, B Y TRADES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Concluded.
W ASHINGTON, D. C.—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours of labor per week
on May 15—

Trade.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Metal trades.
Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. CenXs.
Machinists: Manufacturing shops, 40. G 40.63 40.63 40.63 40.63 40.63 48
3
Molders, iron: Bench and floor.. 30.56 30.56 30.56 30.56 30.56 30.56 54

48
54

48
54

48
54

48
54

48
54

Printing trades, book and job.
Bookbinders: Cutters, finishers,
forwarders, and rulers, blank
and printed work.....................
Compositors..................................
Electrotypers, molders, and fin­
ishers..........................................
Linotype operators.......................
Press feeders:
Cylinder presses......................
Platen presses.........................
Pressmen, cylinder presses: Oper­
ating 1 or 2 presses....................
Pressmen, platen presses: Oper­
ating 1 to 3 presses....................

33.33
37.50

37.50
37.50

37.50
37.50

37.50
37.50

37.50
37.50

37.50
40.00

54
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00

54.55
50.00

54.55
50.00

54.55
50.00

48
48

48
48

48
48

44
48

44
48

44
48

16.67
13.89

18.75
15.63

25.00
17.71

25.00
17.71

25.00
17.71

25.00
17.71

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

33.33

37.50

37.50

41.67

41.67

41.67

54

48

48

48

48

48

22.22

25.00

25.00

31.25

31.25

31.25

54

48

48

48

48

48

56.43
62.00

56.43
62.00

56.43
62.00

57.86
63.43

57.86
63.43

57.86
63.45

42
42

42
42

42
42

42
42

42
42

42
42

56.43
62.00

56.43
62.00

56.43
62.00

57.86
63.43

57.86
63.43

57.86
63.43

42
42

42
42

42
42

42
42

42
42

42
42

44.79
49.11

44.79
49.11

44.79
49.11

44.79
49.11

44.79
49.11

44.79
49.11

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

26.75

26.75

26.75

30.36

30.36

48

48

48

48

48

25.00

25.00

25.00

28.57

28.57

48

48

48

48

48

46.67
53.74

48.67
53.74

50.00
55.21

50.00
55.21

53.33
58.90

Printing trades, neivspaper.
Compositors:
Nightwork..............................
Linotype operators:
Daywork...............................
Nightwork..............................
Pressmen, web presses:
Head pressmen, daywork—
Head pressmen, nightwork...
Tension men, day or night
work................................... .
Oilers and platers, day or
night work......................... .
Stereotypers:
Daywork................................
Nightwork........................... .




43.33
51.53

45 45 45 45 45 45
40f 40f 40| 40f 4 = 40f
02

68
T able

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912.

[The rate of wages per hour, when the union scale provided for other than an hourly rate, was computed
by dividing the wage per day or week by the number of hours per day or week. When the union scale
provided for a change in hours for more than three months during the year this fact has been noted in con­
nection with the entry.]

BAKERY TRADES.
BAKERS: First hands.
Rate of wages per hour on May 1

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 19071908 1909 1910 1911 1912

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
German union........................
Hebrew union.........................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
German union, daywork........
German union, nightwork___
Fall River, Mass...........................
Newark, N. J.:
German union (shops em­
ploying 4 or more men),
aaywork or nightwork.......
German union (shops em­
ploying less than 4 men),
daywork or nightwork___
Hebrew union, daywork.......
Hebrew union, nightwork. . .
New Haven, Conn.:
German union, daywork or
nightwork...........................
Hebrew union.........................
New York, N. Y .:
English unioin........ ................
Bohemian union.....................
German union—Manhattan,
B r o o k l y n , Richmond,
Bronx, and Queens............
German—East Side................
Hebrew union..................
Hebrew union—East Side
Italian union....................
Scandinavian union.........
Philadelphia, Pa.:
German union........................
Hebrew union........................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
German union........................
Hebrew and Polish unions...
Providence, R . I .: Hebrew union.

Cents. Cents, Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
30.00 30.00 30.00 30.00 30.00 30.00
37.04 40.74 40.74 44.44 44.44 44.44
28.33
31.48
28.33

28.33
31.48
28.33

28.33
31.48
28.33

28.33
31.48
30.00

30.00
33.33
33.33

30.00
33.33
33.33

28.33

28.33

28.33

30.00

30.00

31.67

60

60

26.67

26.67

26.67

28.33

28.33
43.14
45.10

30.00
45.10
47.06

60

60

24.56

24.56

26.32

28.07

35.09
36.67

37.04
36.67

21.62
26.67

24.32
26.67

24.32
26.67

32.26
35.29

>.29

38.10

39.68
35.09

39.68
38.60
19.44
23.61

30.00
33.33
41.27
42.11
19.44
23.61

30.00
35.19
50.98
47.08

38.10

22.22

57

35.71 74 74
35.29 150 150

60
60

57

57

54
60

62 62 56
»424 1421 42*

63*|*63‘

21.21

25.76

72* *72

27.42
30.00

27.42
33.33

27.42
33.33

27.42
35.00

29.03
36.67

29.03
38.33

62
60

27.69

27.69

27.69

20.5 i

23*08

27.69
43.14
30.00

43.14
31.67

33.33 65 j 65
47.06
33.33 '78*i*78

22.22

28.33

30.00

19.44
30.00

19.44
33.33

20. si

62
60

South Atlantic.
Baltimore, Md.:
German union........................
Hebrew union......................... 22.22
Washington, D. C.:
Hand, daywork or nightwork 30.56
Machine, daywork or night­
work..................................... 34.38

32.00

32.00

32.00

33.33

33.33

36.00

36.00

36.00

37.50

37.50

29.63
33.33

29.63
33.33

33.33
37.04

33.33
37.04

35.19
40.74

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Bohemian union, daywork.. .
Bohemian union, nightwork.
German union, hand, day­
work.....................................
German union, hand, night­
work.....................................
German union, machine, day­
work.....................................
German union, machine,
nightwork...........................
Hebrew union, nightwork...

29.63
33.33
31.48

31.48

33.33

33.33

33.33

37.04

33.33

33.33

37.04

37.04

37.04

38.89

31.48

31.48

33.33

33.33

37.50

41.67

33.33
33.33

33.33
33.33

37.04
33.33

37.04
33.33

41.67
40.74

43.75
42.59

i Work 5 days per week. Every regular baker must give 1 day each week to an unemployed membei
of the union.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T able

69

I I . — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES—Continued.
B A K E R S : First ha n d s—Continued.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15-

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 19111912

North Central—Concluded.
Chicago, 111.—Concluded.
Scandinavian union, day­
work...................................
Scandinavian union, night­
work...................................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Oven men, hand, daywork. . .
Oven men, machine, night­
work.....................................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Bohemian union...................
German union........................
Hebrew union........................
Detroit, Mich.:
German union........................
Hebrew union......... - .............
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Oven men, hand, daywork. . .
Oven men, machine, night­
work.....................................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Hand, daywork or nightwork
Oven men, hand, daywork
or nightwork.......................
Oven men, machine, day­
work or nightwork...........
Foremen, hand, daywork
or nightwork.....................
Foremen, machine, day­
work or nightwork........... .
Milwaukee, Wis.:
German union, daywork or
nightwork...........................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
German union, daywork.......
German union, nightwork...
Omaha, Nebr.:
Daywork or nightwork.......
St. Louis, Mo.:
Bohemian union i ................
German union, spongers-----Gorman union, oven men---Hebrew union, daywork or
nightwork.........................

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
31.48 31.48 33.33 33.33 33.33 35.19
33.33

33.33

37.04

37.04

54

37.04

38.89

54
54

27.78

27.78

27.78

27.78

27.78

27.78

31.48

SI. 48

31.48

31.48

31.48

31.48

54

27.78
27.78
35.42

27.78
27.78
35.42

29.63
27.78
37.50

29.63
27.78
43.75

29.63
27.78
43.75

29.63
25.93
43.75

54
54
48

33.33
35.09

35.29
38.89

51
54
60

26.67

26.67

26.67

26.67

26.67

26.67

30.00

30.00

30.00

30.00

30.00

30.00

60

29.63

29.63

33.33

33.33

35.19

35.19

54
54

33.33

33.33

33.33

33.33

37.04

38.89

33.33

33.33

33.33

33.33

41.67

43.75

48

38.89

38.89

38.89

38.89

44.44

48.15

54

38.89

38.89

38.89

38.89

50.00

54.17

48

25.00

25.00

25.00

28.33

29.82

31.58

57

30.00
33.33

30.00
33.33

30.00
33.33

30.00
33.33

30.00
33.33

30.00
33.33

60
60

26.67

26.67

29.63

29.63

29.63

54

20.83
29.63
29.63

20.83
29.63
29.63

20.83
29.63
29.63

31.48
31.48
31.48

31.48
31.48
31.48

31.48
31.48
31.48

54
54
54

40.74

40.74

54

36.67

36.67

South Central.
Dallas, Tex.: Daywork or night­
work..........................................
Louisville, Ky.:
Oven men, hand, daywork
or nightwork......................
Mixers, daywork or night­
work.....................................
Memphis, Tenn.: Daywork or
nightwork.................................

20.51

25.00

26.32

26.32

28.07

28.07

28.07

28.07

28.07

28.07

29.82

29.82

29.82

29.82

36.67

40.74

40.74

40.74

40.74

40.74

36.84

38.60

44.44
40.74

54

33.33
33.33

37.04
37.04

54
54

27.78

33.33

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Foremen over 2 or more
bench hands, daywork or
nightwork......................... .
Foreman, alone or over 1
man, aaywork or night­
work— 1........................... .
Oven man, daywork or night­
work.....................................
Mixers, daywork or nightwork




33.33
31.58
31.58

i Foremen in charge of less than 5 men.

57

57

54

70

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OP LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

I I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES—Continued.
B A K E R S : First h a n d s—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Western—Concluded.
Los Angeles, Cal.: Daywork or
nightwork.......... .....................
Portland, Oreg.:
Foremen, daywork or night­
work.....................................
Oven men, daywork or night­
work.....................................
Mixers, daywork or night­
work.....................................
San Francisco, Cal.: Daywork
or nightwork.............................
Seattle, Wash.:
Daywork.................................
Nightwork.............................

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
40.00 40.00 40.00 40.00 44.44 44.44 60

60

60

60

54

54

40.35

40.35

40.35

43.86

43.86

46.30

57

57

57

57

57

54

33.33

33.33

33.33

36.84

36.84

38.89

57

57

57

57

57

54

38.60

38.60

38.60

42.11

42.11

44.44

57

57

57

57

57

54

36.67

46.30

46.30

46.30

46.30

46.30

60

54

54

54

54

54

40.00
40.00

40.00
44.44

41.67
46.30

46.30
46.30

52.08
52.08

52.08
52.08

60
60

60
54

60
54

54
54

48
48

48
48

60
54

60
54

60
54

60
54

00
54

B A K E R S : S econd hands.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
German union........................
Hebrew union........................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
German union, benchmen,
daywork...............................
German union, benchmen,
nightwork...........................
Fall River, Mass...........................
Newark, N. J.:
German union........................
Hebrew union, dayw ork.......
Hebrew union, nightwork___
New Haven, Conn.:
German union, daywork or
nightwork...........................
Hebrew union........................
New York, N. Y .:
Bohemian union....................
English u n ion ........................
German union—Manhattan,
Brooklyn, R i c h m o n d ,
Bronx, and Queens.........
German union—East Side
Hebrew union........................
Hebrew union—East Side
Italian union
Scandinavian u n ion ..............
Philadelphia, Pa.:
German union.........................
Hebrew union.........................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
German union.........................
Hebrew and Polish union___
Providence, R. I.: Hebrew union.

60
54

23.33
33.33

23.33
35.19

23.33
35.19

23.33
37.04

23.33
37.04

23.33
37.04

25.00

25.00

25.00

25.00

26.67

26.67

60

60

60

60

C 60
O

27.78
23.33

27.78
23.33

27.78
23.33

27.78
25.00

29.63
27.78

29.63
27.78

54
60

54
60

54
60

54
60

54
54

54
54

23.33

23.33

23.33

25.00

25.00
37.25
39.22

26.67
39.22
41.18

60

60

60

60

60
51
51

60
51
51

22.81

22.81

24.56

26.32

29.82
30.00

31.48
30.00

57

57

57

57

57
60

54
60

23.33
18.92

23.33
18.92

23.33
21.62

30.39
25.81

30.39
25.81

30.39 150 150 150 142£ 142-5 142£
28.57 74 74 74 62 62' 56

28.57

28.57

30.16
28.07

25.00
29.63
34.92
35.09
13.89
20.83

25.00
29.63
43.14
39.22
15.15
22.73

63
72

63
57
72
72* *72* 72

00
54
63
57
72
72

60
54
51
51
66
66

62
60

62
60

63

63
57

62
60

18.00

18.06

18.06

31.75
31.58
13 89
20.83

22.58
25.00

22.58
31.67

22.58
31.67

22.58 24.19
31.67 ' 31.67

24.19
37.04

62
60

62
60

62
54

21.54

21.54

21.54

17.95

17.95

20.51

21.54
37.25
26.67

29.63 65 65 65 65
39.22
51
30.00 ‘ 78* *78* *78* 60

C
5
51
60

54
51
60

21.54
37.25
28.33

South Atlantic.
Baltimore, Md.:
72 72
16.67 16.67
German union.......... .............
Hebrew union......................... is. 06 18.06 23.33 25.00 25.00 28.33 72 72 60 60 60 60
i Work 5 days per week. Every regular baker must give 1 day each week to an unemployed member
of the union.




71

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T able

II .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES—Continued.
B A K E R S : S econ d h a n d s—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

Hours per week on May 15—

1912 1907 1908 1909*1910 1911 1912
i

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Bohemian union, daywork.. .
Bohemian union, nightwork..
German union, hand, day­
work ....................................
German union, hand, night­
work.....................................
German union, machine,
daywork...............................
German union, machine,
night work...........................
Hebrew union........................
Scandinavian union, day­
work.....................................
Scandinavian union, night­
work.....................................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Daywork..................................
N ightwork.............................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Bohemian union.....................
German union........................
Hebrew union........................
Detroit, Mich.:
German union........................
Hebrew union........................
Indianapolis, Ind.: Daywork or
nightwork...................................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Bench hands, hand, daywork
or nightwork.......................
Drawers, machine, daywork
or nightwork.......................
Milwaukee, Wis.: German, day­
work or nightwork...................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
German union, dayw ork......
German union, nightwork___
Omaha, Nebr.: Daywork or night­
work............................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Bohemian union....................
German union, bench hands.
Hebrew union........................

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
25.93 25.93 25.93 29.63 29.63 31.48 54
29.63 29.63 29.63 33.33 33.33 37.04 54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54
54

27.78

27.78

29.63

29.63

29.63

33.33

54

54

54

54

54

29.63

29.63

33.33

33.33

33.33

35.19

54

54

54

54

54

54

27.78

27.78

29.63

29.63

33.33

37.50

54

54

54

54

48

48

29.63
30.00

29.63
30.00

33.33
30.00

33.33
30.00

37.50
37.04

39.58
38.89

54
60

54
60

54
60

54
60

48
54

48
54

27.78

27.78

29.63

29.63

29.63

31.48

54

54

54

54

54

54

29.63

29.63

33.33

33.33

33.33

35.19

54

54

54

54

54

54

24.07
27.78

24.07
27.78

24.07
27.78

24.07
27.78

24.07
27.78

24.07
27.78

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

27.78
25.93
29.17

27.78
25.93
29.17

27.78
25.93
31.25

29.63
25.93
33.33

29.63
25.93
35.42

29.63
25.93
35.42

54
54
48

54
54
48

54
54
48

54
54
48

54
54
48

54
54
48

27.45

27.45

27.45

29.41

29.41
29.82

31.37
33.33

51

51

51

51

51
57

51
54

23.33

23.33

23.33

23.33

23.33

26.67

60

60

60

60

60

60
54

27.78

27.78

29.63

29.63

33.33

35.19

54

54

54

54

54

31.48

31.48

31.48

31.48

39.58

41.67

54

54

54

54

48

48

21.67

21.67

21.67

25.00

26.32

28.07

60

60

60

60

57

57

25.00
26.67

25.00
26.67

25.00
26.67

25.00
26.67

25.00
26.67

26.67
28.33

60
60

60
60

60
60

60
60

60
60

60
60

25.00

25.00

27.78

27.78

27.78

27.78

60

60

54

54

54

54

18.06
25.93

18.06
25.93

18.06
25.93

27.78
27.78

27.78
27.78
33.33

27.78
27.78
33.33

72
54

72
54

72
54

54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

Dallas, Tex.: Daywork or night­
work............................................ 17.95
Louisville, Ky.: Daywork or
nightwork.................................. 22.81
Memphis, Tenn............................. 30.00

22.22

25.00

30.30

33.33

33.33

78

72

72

66

60

60

22.81
33.33

24.56
33.33

24.56
33.33

24.56
33.33

24.56
33.33

57
60

57
54

57
54

57
54

57
54

57
54

26.32

29.82

33.33

57

57

54

35.00

35.00

35.00

35.00

38.89

38.89

60

60

60

60

54

54

28.07

28.07

28.07

31.58

31.58

33.33

57

57

57

57

57

54

30.00

38.89

38.89

38.89

38.89

38.89

60

54

54

54

54

54

33.33

33.33
37.04

33.33
37.04

37.04
37.04

41.67
41.67

41.67
41.67

60
60

60
54

60
54

54
54

48
48

48
48

South Central.

Western.
Denver, Colo.: Daywork or night­
work.............................. ............
Los Angeles, Cal.: Daywork or
nightwork..................................
Portland, Oreg.: Daywork or
nightwork..................................
San Francisco, Cal.: Daywork or
nightwork..................................
Seattle, Wash.:
Daywork.................................




72
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUBEAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
I I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES—Continued.
BAKERS: Third hands.
Rate of wages per hour on May 1 5 -

Hours per week on May 1 —
-5

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 19081909 1910 19111912

Cents.
21.67
27.78
18.33

Cents.
21.67
27.78
18.33

Cents.
21.67
29.63
18.33

Cents.
21.67
33.33
20.00

Cents. Cents.
21.67 21.67
33.33 33.33
22.22 22.22

21.67

21.67

21.67

23.33

23.33

25.00

20.00

20.00

20.00

21.67

21.57

23.33

21.05

21.05

24.56

26.32

28.07
26.67

29.63
26.67

20.00

20.00
14.86
21.67

25.49
19.35
25.93

25.49
19.35
25.93

25.49
21.43
25.93

142§
56
54

23.33

23.33

60

21.67
30.16
31.58

21.67
37.25
35.29

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
German union........................
Hebrew union........................
Fall River, Mass...........................
Newark, N. J.:
German union (shops em­
ploying 4 or more men),
daywork or nightwork___
German union (shops em­
ploying less than 4 men),
daywork or nightwork.......
New Haven, Conn.:
German union........................
Hebrew union........................
New York, N. Y .:
Bohemian union....................
English u n ion........................
German union—East Side___
German union—West Side
and Bronx............................
German union—Brooklyn,
Queens, and Richmond___
Hebrew union........................
Hebrew union—East Side_
_
Italian u n ion ..........................
Scandinavian u n ion ..............
Philadelphia, Pa.: Hebrew union.
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
German union........................
Hebrew and Polish union___
Providence, R. I.: Hebrew union.

20.00

13.51
21.67

14.86
21.67

23.81

25.40

26.98
24.56

13.89
20.00

13.89
21.67

13.89
23.33

18.46

18.46

18.46

10.’ 26

10.26

12.82

Baltimore, Md.: Hebrew union .. 12,50

12.50

16.67

60

60
00

57

54
60

16.67
25.00

18.18
29.63

60
51
51
66
66
54

18.46
33.33
21.67

18.46
33.33
23.33

27.78
35.29
25.00

54
51
60

18.33

18.33

21.67

2G.98
28.07
11.11
16.67
23.33

11.11

63

63

63
57

12.12

South Atlantic.
72

72

60

60

60

54

60

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Bohemian imion, daywork .. .
Bohemian union, nightwork .
German union, hand, day­
work.....................................
German union, hand, night­
work.....................................
German union, machine,
daywork...............................
German union, machine,
nightwork...........................
Hebrew union, nightwork___
Scandinavian union, day­
work.....................................
Scandinavian union, night­
work.....................................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Daywork.................................
Nightwork..............................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Bohemian u nion....................
German union........................
Detroit, Mich.: Hebrew union. . .
Indianapolis, Ind.: Daywork or
nightwork..................................
Milwaukee, Wis.: German union.
Omaha, Nebr.: Daywork or
nightwork...................................
St. Louis, Mo.: Hebrew union ...

22.22 22.22
25.93

25.63

25.93
29.83

25.93
29.63

27.78
33.33

24.07

24.07

25.93

25.93

25.93

27.78

25.93

25.93

29.63

29.63

29.63

29.63

24.07

24.07

25.93

25.93

29.17

31.25

25.93
26.67

25.93
26.67

29.63
26.67

29.63
26.67

33.33
33.33

33.33
35.19

24.07

24.07

25.93

25.93

25.93

27.78

25.93

25.93

29.63

29.63

29.63

31.48

18.52
22.22

18.52
22.22

18.52

18.52

18.52

18.52

22.22

22. 22 22.22 22.22

22.22 22.22

24.07

24.07

25.93

25.93

21.05

25.93

22.22

25.93

22.22 22.22 22.22 22.22 22.22
20.00
20.00

20.00

18.33
23.33

23.33

25.93

20.00

21.67

20.00

22.22

20.00

20.00

21.67

24.56

26.32

25.93

25.93
29.63

25.93
29.63

54

i Work 5 days per week. Every regular baker must give 1 day each week to an unemployed member
of the union.




73

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T a b le

I I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
BAKERY TRADES—Concluded.
B A K E R S : T hird h a n d s—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

South Central.
Dallas, Tex.: Daywork or night­ Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
work........................................... 15.38 19.44 22.22 27.27 30.00 30.00 78

72

72

66

60

60

Western.
Los Angeles, Cal................... .......... 30.00
San Francisco, Cal........................ 28.33

30.00
37.04

30.00
37.04

30.00
37.04

33.3S
37.04

33.33
37.04

60
60

60
54

60
54

60
54

54
54

54
54

44
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
48

44
44
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
48

44
44
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
48

44
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
48

BUILDING TRADES.
B R IC K L A Y E R S.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass..................................
Buffalo, N. Y ................................
Fall River, Mass...........................
Manchester, N. H ..........................
Newark, N. J .................................
New Haven, Conn........................
New York, N. Y ...........................
Philadelphia, Pa..........................Pittsburgh, Pa...............................
Providence, R. I ................. ..........
Scranton Pa..................................

60.00
55.00
52.50
50.00
65.00
55.00
70.00
62.50
60.00
55.00
55.00

60.00
55.00
52.50
50.00
65.00
55.00
70.00
62.50
65.00
55.00
55.00

60.00
55.00
52.50
50.00
65.00
55.00
70.00
62.50
65.00
55.00
55.00

60.00
60.00
52.50
50.00
65.00
55.00
70.00
62.50
65.00
60.00
55.00

60.00
60.00
55.00
50.00
65.00
55.00
70.00
62.50
65.00
60.00
55.00

60.00
60.00
55.00
55-00
65.00
60.00
70.00
62.50
65.00
60.00
55.00

44
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
48

44
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
48

40.00
62.50
40.00
50.00
50.00
62.50

45.00
62.50
40.00
50.00
50.00
62.50

45.00
62.50
40.00
50.00
62.50
62.50

45.00
62.50
40.00
50.00
62.50
62.50

45.00
62.50
40.00
50.00
62.50
62.50

45.00
62.50
40.00
50.00
65.00
62.50

53
48
54
48
48
48

53 53 53 53
48 145 145 145
54 54 54 54
48 48 48 48
48 48 48 48
48 48 44J 4^i

62.50
60.00
60.00
57.50
65.00
70.00
55.00
60.00
62.50
65.00

62.50
60.00
60.00
60.00
65.00
70.00
60.00
65.00
62.50
65.00

67.50
60.00
60.00
60.00
65.00
70.00
60.00
65.00
62.50
65.00

67.50
62.50
62.50
62.50
65.00
75.00
65.00
65.00
70.00
70.00

67.50
62.50
62.50
62.50
70.00
75.00
65.00
65.00
70.00
70.00

72.50 48 48 48 44 44 44
65.00 45 45 45 45 45 45
65.00 48 48 48 48 244 244
62.50 48 48 48 348 848 348
70.00 444 444 444 444 44 44
75.00 48 48 48 48 44 44
65.00 48 48 48 548 548 44
65.00 48 48 48 48 48 48
70.00 44 44 44 44 44 44
70.00 44 44 44 44 44 44

50.00
75.00
68.75
50.00
70.00
62.50

50.00
75.00
68.75
50.00
70.00
62.50

62.50
75.00
75.00
60.00
70.00
62.50

62.50
75.00
75.00
60.00
70.00
62.50

62.50
75.00
75.00
62.50
70.00
62.50

62.50
75.00
75.00
65.00
75.00
62.50

54
48
48
48
44
48

54
48
48
48
44
48

48
48
48
48
44
44

48
44
48
48
44
44

48
44
48
48
44
44

48
44
48
48
44
44

75.00
75.00
75.00
68.75
87.50
75.00

75.00
75.00
75.00
68.75
87.50
75.00

75.00
75.00
75.00
68.75
87.50
75.00

75.00
75.00
75.00
75.00
87.50
75.00

75.00
75.00
75.00
75.00
87.50
75.00

75.00
75.00
75.00
75.00
87.50
75.00

44
44
44
48
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga....... ............................
Baltimore, Md...............................
Charleston, S. C................. ...........
Jacksonville, Fla...........................
Richmond, V a...............................
Washington, D. C.........................

53
145
54
48
48
44J

North Central.
Chicago, 111.....................................
Cincinnati, Ohio...........................
Cleveland, O h io ...:......................
Detroit, Mich.................................
Indianapolis, Ind........................ Kansas City, Mo...........................
Milwaukee, Wis.............................
Minneapolis, Minn........................
Omaha, Nebr................................
St. Louis, Mo.................................
South Central.
Birmingham, Ala..........................
Dallas, Tex....................................
Little Rock, Ark...........................
Louisville, K y ...............................
Memphis, Tenn.............................
New Orleans, La...........................
Western.
Denver, Colo..................................
Los Angeles, Cal...........................
Portland, Oreg..............................
Salt Lake City, Utah....................
San Francisco, Cal........................
Seattle, Wash................................

144 hours, January to March and November and December.
248 hours, January to March and October ta December.
^44 hours, June 15 to September 15.




* 47 hours, January to March and November and December.
• 44 hours June to September.

74
T able

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS

I I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
C A R PE N TE R S.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 19071908 1909 1910 19111912

Cents.
43.75
40.00
37.50
50.00
40.63

Cents.
43.75
40.00
37.50
28.13
50.00
40.63

Cents.
47.75
40.00
37.50
31.25
50.00
40.63

Cents.
50.00
45.00
37.50
31.25
50.00
45.00

Cents.
50.00
45.00
42.00
31.25
50.00
45.00

Cents.
50.00
50.00
42.00
31.25
50.00
45.00

62.50
56.25
56.25
50.00
50.00
45.00
43.75
41.00
35.00

62.50
56.25
56.25
50.00
50.00
45.00
50.00
41.00
37.50

62.50
56.25
56.25
50.00
50.00
45.00
50.00
45.00
37.50

62.50
56.25
56.25
56.25
50.00
50.00
50.00
45.00
42.50

62.50
56.25
56.25
56.25
50.00
50.00
50.00
45.00
42.50

62.50
56.25
56.25
56.25
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
42.50

30.00
43.75
28.30
31.25
37.50
50.00

30.00
43.75
28.30
31.25
37.50
50.00

30.00
43.75
28.30
31.25
37.50
50.00

30.00
43.75
28.30
31.25
37.50
50.00

35.00
43.75
33.96
31.25
37.50
50.00

35.00
43.75
33.96
31.25
37.50
50.00

56.25
45.00
45.00
35.00

56.25
45.00
45.00
37.50

56.25
45.00
45.00
37.50

60.00
50.00
45.00
40.00

45.00
32.50
42-00
40.00
55.00

45.00
35.00
45.00
45.00
55.00

50.00
37.50
45.00
45.00
60.00

50.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
60.00

60.00
50.00
45.00
45.00
40.00
55.00
45.00
50.00
50.00
62.50

65.00
50.00
45.00
50.00
45.00
55.00
45.00
50.00
50.00
62.50

40.00
37.50
37.50
37.50
45.00
45.00

40.00
45.00
45.00
37.50
45.00
45.00

40.00
45.00
45.00
40.00
45.00
45.00

40.00
50.00
45.00
40.00
50.00
40.00

45.00
50.00
45.00
40.00
50.00
40.00

45.00
50.00
50.00
45.00
50.00
40.00

50.00
43.75

55.00
43.75

60.00
43.75

60.00
43.75

50.00
62.50
62.50

56.25
62.50
50.00

56.25
62.50
50.00

62.50
62.50
56.25

60.00
50.00
50.00
62.50
62.50
56.25

60.00
50.00
50.00
62.50
62.50
56.25

48 44
44 I 44
44 44

60.00
45.00
62.50
62.50
45.00

48 48 48 48 48
48 48 48 48 48
44 44 44 44 44
44 44 44 44 44
54 54 54 54 49*

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.................
Buffalo, N. Y ................
Fall River, Mass...........
Manchester, N. H .........
Newark, N. J ................
New Haven, Conn........
New York, N. Y .:
Manhattan..............
Bronx.....................
Brooklyn................
Queens....................
Richmond..............
Philadelphia, Pa...........
Pittsburgh, Pa..............
Providence, R. I ...........
Scranton, Pa.................

22.22

44

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga............
Baltimore, Md.......
Charleston, S. C_
_
Jacksonville, F la...
Richmond, Va.......
Washington, D. C..

54

54
48
53
48
48
44§

North Central.
Chicago, HI.............
Cincinnati, O h io...
Cleveland, Ohio___
Detroit, Mich.........
Indianapolis, I n d ..
Kansas City, M o...
Milwaukee, Wis___
Minneapolis, Minn.
Omaha, Neor.........
St. Louis, Mo.........

44
44*
48
48
44*
44
44
48
44
44

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.
Dallas, T ex...........
Little Rock, Ark..
Louisville, K y ___
Memphis, Tenn. . .
New Orleans, La..

48

Western.
Denver, Colo...............
Los Angeles, Cal.........
Portland, Oreg............
Salt Lake City, Utah..
San Francisco, Cal___
Seattle, Wash..............

CEMENT WORKERS (finishers).
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.................................
Buffalo, N. Y ................................
Newark, N. J .................................
New York, N. Y ...........................
Philadelphia, Pa...........................




50.00
40.00
50.00
62.50
45.00

50.00
40.00
50.00
62.50
45.00

1 44 hours,

50.00
40.00
62.50
62.50
45.00

50.00
45.00
62.50
62.50
45.00

60.00
45.00
62.50
62.50
45.00

June to September.

48
48
44
44
49*

TJNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T able

75

I I .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
CE M E N T W O R K E R S (finishers)—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907
North Central.

1908

1909

1910

1911

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
56.25 56.25 57.50 57.50 62.50
50.00 50.00
40.00 50.00
45.00 45.00 50.00 50.00 56.25
30.00 30.00 40.00 45.00 45.00
57.50 57.50 57.50 62.50 62.50

Chicago, 111...........
Cleveland, Ohio...
Indianapolis, Ind.
Kansas City, M o..
Milwaukee, W is...
St. Louis, Mo.......

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 19111912,

Cents.
62.50 44
50.00
50.00
56.25
45.00
62.50

44

54

54

44
48
54
44
48
44

44

South Central.
50.00

50.00

50.00

50.00

55.56
50.00

55.56
50.00

68.75
62.50
44.44
75.00
62.50

Little, Rock, Ark.
Memphis, Tenn. . .

68.75
56.25
44.44
75.00
62.50

68.75
56.25
44.44
75.00
62.50

68.75
56.25
50.00
75.00
62.50

68.75
62.50
62.50
75.00
62.50

54
54

68.75
62.50
62.50
75.00
62.50

54

54

Western.
Denver, Colo..........
Los Angeles, Cal.. .
Portland, Oreg.......
San Francisco, Cal.
Seattle, Wash.........

44
48
48
44
48

CEMENT WORKERS* HELPERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass................................. 40.00
Newark, N. J ................................. 25.00
New York, N. Y ........................... 33.00

40.00
25.00
35.00

40.00
35.00
35.00

40.00
35.00
35.00

45.00
35.00
37.50

45.00
35.00
37.50

48
44
44

48
44
44

48
44
44

48
44
44

48
44
44

48
44
44

North Central.
40.00

40.00

42.50

42.50

44

44

30.00
27.50
40.00

30.00
35.00
45.00

47.50
30.00
40.00
35.00
45.00

44

25.00
25.00
40.00

47.50
30.00
40.00
35.00
45.00

44

25.00
25.00
40.00

44
60
44

44
60
44

44
60
44

44
48
44

44
48
44
48
44

44
48
44
48
44

Little Rock, A r k ....'..................... 25.00
Memphis, Tenn............................. 30.00

25.00
30.00

25.00
30.00

25.00
30.00

25.00
30.00

25.00
30.00

60
54

60
54

60
54

60
54

54
54

54
54

43.75
27.78
62.50
43.75

43.75
27.78
62.50
43.75

43.75
27.78
62.50
43.75

43.75
43.75
62.50
43.75

43.75
43.75
62.50
43.75

44
54
48
48

44
54
44
48

44
54
44
48

44
54
44
48

44
48
44
48

44
48
44
48

Chicago, H I.. . . .............................
Cleveland, Ohio.............................
Kansas City, Mo............................
Milwaukee, W is............. ..............
St. Louis, Mo.................................
South Central.

Western.
Denver, Colo___....!......................
Portland, Oreg..............................
San Francisco, Cal........................
(Seattle, Wash................................

43.75
27.78
62.50
43.75

CEMENT W ORKERS’ LABORERS.
North Atlantic.
30.00

30.00

30.00

30.00

35.00

35.00

48

48

48

48

48

48

Chicago, HI.................................... 30.00
Milwaukee, Wis............................. 20.00
St. Louis, Mo................................. 37.50

30.00
20.00
37.50

37.50
20.00
37.50

37.50
25.00
40.00

37.50
25.00
40.00

37.50
27.50
40.00

44
60
44

44
60
44

44
60
44

44
48
44

44
48
44

44
48
44

37.50
37.50

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

44
48

44
48

44
48

50.66
31.25

50.00
31.25

50.00
31.25

37.50
37.50
34.38
50.00
31.25

44
48

50.00
31.25

37.50
37.50
34.38
50.00
31.25

48
48

44
48

44
48

44
48

44
48
48
44
48

44
48
48
44
48

Boston, Mass.................................
North Central.

Western.
Denver, Colo.................................
Los Angeles, Cal............................
Portland, Oreg..............................
San Francisco, Cal........................
Seattle, Wash................................




78
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
II .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
GA S F IT T E R S .
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1909

1910

1911

Cents.
37.50
43.75
62.50
43.75

Cents.
45.00
43.75
62.50
43.75

Cents.
45.00
43.75
62.50
43.75

Cents.
45.00
47.75
62.50
43.75

40.63

40.63

46.88

46.88

Cents.
45.00
47.75
68.75
50.00
50.00
46.88

Cents,
50.00
54.50
68.75
43.75
50.00
46.88 48

50.00
50.00
62.50
56.25
62.50

65.00
50.00
50.00
62.50
62.50
66.25

65.00
50.00
50.00
62.50
62.50
66.25

68.75
56.25
50.00
62.50
62.50
66.25

68.75
56.25
56.25
62.50
68.25
66.25

68.75
56.25
56.25
62.50
68.25
66.25

62.50
43.75

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass..........
New Haven, Conn.
New York, N. Y . . .
Philadelphia, P a ...
Providence, ft. I . ..
Scranton, Pa..........

1908

1912 1907 19081909 1910 19111912

62.50
50.00

62.50
50.00

62.50
50.00

62.50
50.00
62.50

68.75
50.00
62.50

56.25
62.50
75.00
65.00

62.50
50.00
62.50
05.00

62.50
50.00
75.00
65.00

62.50
56.25
75.00
65.00

62.50

68.75

81.25

81.25

62.50
56.25
75.00
70.00
75.00
81.25

62.50
56.25
75.00
70.00
75.00
81.25

48

48

North Central.
Chicago, 111...........
Cincinnati, Ohio..
Indianapolis, Ind .
Kansas City, M o..
Omaha, N ebr.......
St. Louis, Mo.......

44
44£
44
48
44
44

South Central.
Dallas, T ex.......
Louisville, K y ..
Memphis, Tenn.
Western.
Denver, C o lo ..............
Los Angeles, Cal.........
Portland, Ores............
Salt Lake City, Utah..
San Francisco, Cal___
Seattle, Wash..............

44

HOD CARRIERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass:
Italian..............
English___ . . . .
Manchester, N. H ..
Newark, N. J .........
New Haven, Conn.
New York, N. Y . . .
Philadelphia, P a ...
Pittsburgh, Pa.......
Scranton, Fa..........

30.00
30.00
19.44
35.00
28.00
37.50
35.00
37.50
20.00

30.00
30.00
21.88
35.00
28. C
O
37.50
35.00
37.50
20.00

30.00
30.00
21.88
35.00
28.00
37.50
35.00
37.50
25.00

32.00
35.00
25.00
35.00
28.00
37.50
35.00
37.50
25.00

35.00
35.00
25.00
35.00
28.00
37.50
35.00
37.50
25.00

35.00
35.00
25.00
35.00
32.00
37.50
35.00
37.50
25.00

44
44
54
44
48
44
44
44
60

44
44
48
44
48
44
44
44
60

44
44
48
44
48
44
44
44
48

31.25

31.25

31.25

31.25

31.25

31.25

48

48 145 145 145 145

23.13
28.13

23.13
28.13

44
44
48
44
44
44
44
44
48

44
44
48
44
44
44
44
44
48

44
44
48
44
44
44
44
44
48

South Atlantic.
Baltimore, Md.........
Washington, D. C.:
Brick men.........
Mortar men.......

44£ 44g
44| 44|

North Central.
Chicago, 111.........................
Cincinnati, Ohid:
Brick men...................
Mortar men.................
Cleveland, Ohio.................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Brick men...................
Mortar men.................
3 City, Mo.:
Hod carriers................
Stonemasons' helpers..




35.00

35.00

35.00

42.50

45.00

45.00

48

48

48

44

44

44

37.50
42.50

37.50
42.50

37.50
42.50

37.50
42.50

37.50
42.50
25.00

42.50
45.00
28.13

45
45

45
45

45
45

45
45

45
45
48

45
45
48

28.13
31.25

28.13
31.25

28.13
31.25

31.50
34.50

35.00
35.00

35.00 244 244 244 244
35.00 244 244 244 244

44
44

44
44

35.00
37.50

35.00
37.50

37.50
37.50

37.50
37.50

37.50
37.50

37.50
37.50

44
48

44
48

48
48

48
48

1 44 hours, January to March and November and December.
2 47 hours per week, January to March and November and December.

48
48

48
48

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T able

77

I I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
HOD C A R R IE R S —Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

North Central—Concluded*
Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
27.50 27.50 27.50 30.00 32.50
Milwaukee, W is........................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Brick men............................. .
42.50
45.00
Mortar men........................... .

1912 1907 19081909 1910 19111912

Cents.
32.50 48

48

48

48

42.50
45.00

South Central.
Dallas, Tex.:
Brick m en..
Mortar men.
Louisville, Ky.:
Brick m en..
Mortar men.
Memphis, Tenn.

25.00
28.13

25.00
28.13

25.00
28.13

25.00
28.13

25.00
28.13

28.13
31.25
25.00

28.13
31.25
30.00

28.13
31.25
30.00

28.13
31.25
30.00

35.00
38.00
30.00

35.00
38.00
30.00

34.38
37.50
37.50

37.50
40.63
37.50

37.50
40.63
37.50

37.50
40.63
37.50

37.50
40.63
37.50
50.00

37.50
40.63
40.63
50.00

37.50
43.75
50.00

43.75
50.00
50.00

43.75
50.00
50.00

43.75
50.00
50.00

43.75
50.00
50.00
43.75

44
44

25.00
28.13

43.75
50.00
50.00
43.75

48
48
144

44

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Brick men.............
Mortar men...........
Los Angeles, Cal.........
Portland, Oreg............
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Brick men............
Mortar men..........
San Francisco, Cal____
Seattle, Wash..............

INSIDE W IREM EN .
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass..........
Buffalo, N. Y .........
Fail River, Mass...
Manchester, N. H ..
Newark, N. J .........
New Haven, Conn.
New York, N. Y . ..
Philadelphia, P a ...
Pittsburgh, Pa.......
Providence, R. I . . .
Scranton, Pa..........

45.00
37.50
27.78

45.00
37.50
27.78

45.00
37.50
34.38

50.00
40.00
37.50

50.00
40.00
37.50

50.00
34.38
50.00
45.00
50.00
41.00
31.25

56.25
34.38
56.25
45.00
50.00
41.00
31.25

56.25
34.38
56.25
45.00
50.00
41.00
31.25

56.25
34.38
56.25
45.00
50.00
41.00
46.88

56.25
37.50
56.25
45.00
50.00
41.00
46.88

55.00 48 48 48 144 144 44
40.00 48 48 48 48 48 48
37.50 54 54 48 48 48 48
31.25
48
56.25 48 48 48 48 248 44
37.50 44 44 44 44 44 44
56.25 44 44 44 44 44 44
45.00 348 348 348 348 348 a48
50.00 48 48 48 48 48 48
43.75 44 44 44 44 44 44
46.88 48 48 48 48 48 48

43.75
34.38

43.75
37.50

43.75
37.50

43.75
37.50

50.00

50.00

50.00

50.00

33.33
43.75
37.50
30.56
50.00

38.89
43.75 '48* *48* *48* *48*
31.25 48 48 48 48
37.50
50.00 48 48 48 44

54
48
48
54
44

54
48
48
48
44

62.50
40.63
45.00
40.00
32.50
40.00

62.50
40.63
47.50
40.00
32.50
50.00

68.75
40.63
50.00
40.00
32.50
50.00

68.75
40.63
52.50
43.75
40.00
50.00

75.00
45.00
55.00
43.75
41.50
56.25

75.00
45.00
57.00
46.88
45.00
56.25

44
48
48
48
54
4#

44
48
48
48
54
48

44
48
48
48
54
48

44
48
48
48
48
48

44
44J
48
48
48
48

44
44£
48
48
48
48

31.25
31.25
45.00
37.50
65.00

40.63
40.63
45.00
37.50
65.00

40.63
40.63
45.00
37.50
65.00

40.63
40.63
45.00
50.00
65.00

42.50
45.00
45.00
50.00
65.00

45.00
45.00
50.00
50.00
65.00

44
48
48
44
44

44
44
48
44
44

44
44
48
44
44

44
44
48
44
44

44
44
48
44
44

44
44
48
44
44

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...........
Baltimore, Md.......
Jacksonville, F la...
Richmond, V a.......
Washington, D. C..
North Central.
Chicago, 111..........................
Cincinnati, Ohio..................
Cleveland, Ohio...................
Detroit, Mich......................
Indianapolis, In d ................
Kansas City, Mo.................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Breweries......................
Commercial shops.........
Minneapolis, Minn..............
Omaha, Nebr......................
St. Louis, Mo......................




148 hours, January to April and October to December,
a 44 hours on and after June 1.
3 44 hours, June to September.

78
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

II .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
INSIDE WIREMEN—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907
South Central.

1908

1909

1910

1911

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
43.75 43.75 43.75 50.00 50.00
34.38 37.50 43.75 43.75 50.00
45.00 45.00
43.75 43.75 43.75 43.75 43.75
37.50 37.50 37.50 45.00 45.00
45.00 45.00 45.00 45.00 45.00

Birmingham, Ala.
Dallas, T ex...........
Little Rock, Ark..
Louisville, K y ___
Memphis, Tenn. . .
New Orleans, L a..

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 19111912

Cents.
56.25
50.00
45.00
43.75
45.00
45.00

Western.
Denver, Colo...............
Los Angeles, Cal.........
Portland, Oreg............
Salt Lake City, Utah..
San Francisco, Cal
Seattle, Wash..............

53.13
43.75
43.75
40.63
62.50
56.25

53.13
43.75
43.75
43.75
62.50
56.25

53.13
43.75
43.75
43.75
62.50
62.50

56.25
43.75
43.75
46.88
62.50
62.50

56.25
43.75
50.00
50.00
62.50
62.50

56.25
43.75
56.25
56.25
62.50
62.50

INSIDE WIREMEN’S HELPERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.................................
Fall River, Mass...........................
Newark, N. J .................................
New Haven, Conn........................
New York, N. Y ...........................
Pittsburgh, Pa..............................
Providence, R. I ...........................
Scranton, Pa..................................

25.00
13.89
25.00
21.88
27.50

25.00
13.89
31.25
21.88
27.50

25.00
15.63
31.25
21.88
27.50

25.00
15.63
31.25
21.88
27.50

25.00
18.75

27.38
18.75

27.38
18.75

48
54
48
44
44

48
54
48
44
44

48 244
48 48
48 48
44 44
44 44

44
48

44
48

44
48

44
48

22.22
18.75
15.63
37.50

48

48

48

44

27.38
31.25

25.00
18.75
31,25
25.00
27.50
25.00
27.38
31.25

25.00
18.75
31.25
25.00
27.50
25.00
27.38
31.25

South Atlantic.

37.50

37.50

37.50

16.67
18.75
11.11
37.50

31.25
25.00
25.00
15.00
25.00

31.25
25.00
25.00
15.00
25.00

31.25
25.00
25.00
17.50
25.00

31.25
25.00
25.00
22.50
25.00

35.00
25.00
25.00
22.50
25.00

35.00
25.00
28.13
22.50
25.00

48
48
48
54
48

48
48
48
54
48

48
48
48
54
48

48
48
48
48
48

44J
48
48
48
48

18.75
18.75
18.75
18.75

25.00
25.00
18.75
18.75

25.00
25.00
18.75
18.75

25.00
25.00
25.00
18.75

27.50
25.00
25.00
18.75

28.13
25.00
25.00
18.75

44
48
44
44

44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44

Dallas, Tex.................................... 25.00
Little Rock, A rk...........................
Louisville, K y ............................... 28.13
Memphis, Tenn.............................
New Orleans, La........................... 20.00

25.00

25.00

28.13

28.13

25.00
25.00
28.13

20.00

20.00

20.00

25.00
25.00
28.13
18.75
20.00

25.00 48 48 48
25.00
28.13 48 48 48
18.75
20.00 *48* *48* *48*

31.25

31.25

31.25

37.50

37.50

37.50

34.38
34.38
18.75
37.50

34.38
34.38
18.75
37.50

Atlanta, Ga...................................
Baltimore, Md...............................
Richmond, V a ...........................
Washington, D. C......................... 37.50
North Central.
Cincinnati, Ohio............................
Cleveland, Ohio.............................
Detroit, Mich................................
Indianapolis, Ind ..........................
Kansas City, Mo...........................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Breweries................................
Commercial shops...................
Omaha, Nebr................................
St. Louis, Mo.................................
South Central.

48
48
48

*48* 48

Western.
Portland, Oreg............................... 31.25
Salt Lake City, U ta h ..................
San Francisco» Cal
Seattle, Wash................................ 37.50




1 44 hours, July to September.
2 48 hours, January to April and October to December,
s 44 hours on and after June 1.
<44 hours, June to September.

48

48

48

48

48

44

44

44

44

79

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912,
T a b le

II .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
BUILDING LABORERS.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

Cents.
25.00
25.00
21.88
25.00
12.50

Cents.
25.00
30.00
21.88
25.00
15.00

Cents.
25.00
30.00
21.88
25.00
20.00

Cents.
30.00
30.00
21.88
25.00
20.00

Cents.
30.00
30.00
21.88
25.00
20.00

Cents.
30.00
30.00
22.50
25.00
20.00

48
48
44
48
60

48
48
44
48
60

48
48
44
48
48

48
48
44
48
48

48
48
44
48
48

48
44
44
48
48

35.00
25.00
25.00
27.50
25.00

35.00
25.00
25.00
27.50
25.00

35.00
25.00
25.00
27.50
25.00

37.50
25.00
25.00
30.00
25.00

37.50
25.00
25.00
32.50
25.00

37.50
28.13
25.00
32.50
25.00

48
48
48
48
44

48
48
48
48
44

48
48
48
48
44

44
48
48
48
44

44
48
48
48
44

44
48
48
48
44

Dallas, T ex.................................... 25.00

25.00

25.00

25.00

25.00

25.00

48

48

48

48

48

48

37.50
27.78

37.50
27.78

37.50
27.78

37.50
37.50
27.78
31.25

37.50
37.50
27.78
31.25

48
54

44
54

44
54

44
54

48
44
54
44

48
44
54
44

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Excavating, Italian................
Excavating, English..............
New York, N. Y .: Excavating___
Pittsburgh, Pa...............................
Scranton, Pa..................................
North Central.
Chicago, 111.....................................
Cleveland, Ohio.............................
Kansas City, Mo...........................
Milwaukee, Wis.............................
St. Louis, Mo.................................
South Central.

Western,
Portland, Oreg...............................
Salt Lake City, Utah............... .
37.50
San Francisco, Cal........................ 27.78
Seattle, Wash................................

MARBLE SETTERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass..................................
New York, N. Y .............................
Philadelphia, Pa...........................
Pittsburgh, Pa...............................

50.00
62.50
50.00
56.25

50.00
62.50
50.00
56.25

50.00
62.50
50.00
56.25

50.00
62.50
50.00
62.50

50.00
62.50
56.25
62.50

50.00
62.50
60.00
62.50

48
44
48
48

48
44
48
48

48
44
44
48

48
44
44
48

48
44
44
48

48
44
44
48

Atlanta, Ga................................... 50.00
Baltimore, Md............................... 50.00
Washington, D. C......................... 56.25

50.00
50.00
56.25

50.00
50.00
56.25

50.00
56.25
56.25

62.50
62.50
62.50

62.50
62.50
62.50

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
44

48
48
44

48
48
44

/
48
48
44

50.00
56.25

56.25
56.25

56.25
56.25

62.50
56.25

48
48

48
44

48
44

56.25
50.00
56.25

56.25
56.25
56.25

56.25
56.25
62.50

62.50
62.50
68.75
56.25
56.25
62.50

48
48

56.25
50.00
56.25

62.50
62.50
68.75
56.25
56.25
62.50

44
44
44
44* *44* *44* *44* 44
54 54 48 48 48
44 44 44 44 44

44
44
44
44
48
44

Denver, Colo.................................. 55.00
Los Angeles, Cal............................ 50.00
Portland, Oreg.............................. 56.25
San Francisco, Cal........................

62.50
56.25
56.25

62.50
56.25
56.25

62.50
56.25
56.25

62.50
56.25
62.50
62,50

62.50
62.50
62.50
62.50

44
48
48

44
48
48

44
48
48

44
44
48

44
44
48
44

44
44
48
44

45.46
43.75
37.50
44.00

50.00
43.75
37.50
44.00

48
48
54
44

44
48
48
44

44
48
48
44

44
48
44
44

44
48
44
44

44
48
44
44

South Atlantic.

North Central.
Cleveland, Ohio.............................
Indianapolis, Ind..........................
Kansas City, Mo...........................
Milwaukee, Wis.............................
Minneapolis, Minn........................
St. Louis, Mo................................
Western.

PAINTERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.................................
Buffalo, N. Y ................................
Fall River, Mass...........................
Newark, N. J ......... ......................

5653°—13------6



39.50
37.50
27.78
41.00

41.00
37.50
34.38
41.00

41.00
37.50
34.38
41.00

45.46
40.63
37.50
44.00

BULLETIN OF THE BUBEATJ OF LABOR STATISTICS.

80
Table

I I .— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
P A IN T E R S —Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 1 5 City.
1807

North A tlantic—Concluded.

1908

1909

1910

1911

Hours per week on May 15—

I
1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
31.25 31.25 31.25 34.38 40.91 40.91 48

New Haven, Conn........................
New York, N. Y .:
Bronx, Kings, Manhattan,
and Richmond....................
Queens.....................................
Philadelphia, Pa...........................
Pittsburgh, Pa..............................
Providence, R . I ...........................
Scranton, Pa................................ .

48

48

48

44

44

50.00
43.75
40.00
42.50
31.25
40.00

50.00
43.75
40.00
42.50
34.38
40.00

50.00
43.75
40.00
42.50
37.50
40.00

50.00
43.75
42.50
42.50
37.50
40.00

50.00
43.75
42.50
50.00
40.91
40.00

50.00
50.00
42.50
52.50
40.91
40.00

44
44
44
48
48
48

44
44
44
48
48
48

44
44
44
48
44
48

44
44
44
48
44
48

44
44
44
44
44
48

44
44
44
44
44
48

28.30
. £7.50
22.25
31.25

28.30
37.50
22.25
31.25

28.30
37.50
22.25
31.25

31.13
37.50
22.25
31.25

53
48
54
48

53
48
54
48

53
48
54
48

43.75

43.75

43.75

33.96
37.50
25.00
37.50
27.78
46.88

53
48
54
48

. 43.75

31.13
37.50
25.00
31.25
27.78
46.88

48

48

48

48

53
48
48
48
54
48

53
48
48
48
54
48

.
.
.
.

50.00
40.00
40.00
35.00

50.00
40.00
40.00
35.00

55.00
42.50
40.00
37.50

60.00
43.18
40.00
37.50

60.00
45.00
45.00
40.00
42.50
50.00
50.00
45.00
50.00
55.00

44
48
48
48

44
48
48
48

44
48
48
48

44
44
48
43

48

48

48

44

48
44
44

48
44
44

48
44
44

48
44
44

44
44
48
48
48
44
48
48
44
44

44
44
43
48
48
44
44
48
44
44

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.......... .
Baltimore, M d____
Charleston, S. C_
_
Jacksonville, F la ...
Richmond, V a___
Washington, J>. C.
North Central.

. 45.00

45.00

50.00

50.00

. 40.00
. 40.00
. 50.00

42.50
45.00
50.00

42.50
45.00
50.00

42.50
47.50
52.50

60.00
45.00
42.50
40.00
37.50
50.00
47.50
45.00
50.00
55.00

. 35.00
. 35.00
. 35.03
35.00
. 42.50
. 37.50

Chicago, 111.............
Cincinnati, O h io.. .
Cleveland, Ohio___
Detroit, Mich.........
Indianapolis, In d ..
Kansas City, Mo. . .
Milwaukee, Wis___
Minneapolis, Minn.
Omaha, Nebr.........
St. Louis, Mo.........

35.00
37.50
37.50
37.50
42.50
37.50

37.50
37.50
37.50
37.50
45.00
40.00

40.00
43.75
40.00
40.00
45.00
40.00

40.00
43.75
43.75
40.00
50.00
40.00

45.00
43.75
43.75
42.50
50.00
40.00

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
47
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
44
48

48
48
48
48
44
48

. 50.00
43.75
, 37.50
. 50.00
50.00
56.25

50.00
43.75
43.75
50.00
50.00
56.25

50.00
43.75
43.75
56.25
50.00
56.25

50.00
43.75
43.75
56.25
56.25
56.25

50.00
43.75
50.00
56.25
56.25
56.25

50.00
43.75
50.00
56.25
56.25
56.25

44
48
48
48
48
44

44
48
48
48
48
44

44
48
48
44
48
44

44
48
48
44
44
44

44
48
48
44
44
44

44
48
48
44
44
44

65.00
55.00
43.75
65.00
55.00
68.75
62.50
62. 50
56. 25
50.00

65.00 44 44 44
55.00 48 48 48
43.75 48 48 48
65.00 44 44 44
60.00 44 44 44
68.75 44 44 44
62.50 44 44 44
62.50 144 144 144
60.00 44 44 44
50.00 44 44 44

44 44
48 48
48 48
44 44
44 44
44 44
44 44
44 44
44 44
44 44

44
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.
Dallas, T e x /........
Little Rock, A rk..
Louisville, K y ___
Memphis, Term. . .
New Orleans, L a..
Western.
Denver, Colo...............
Los Angeles, Cal.........
Portland, Oreg............
Salt Lake City, Utah..
San Francisco, Cai___
Seattle, W ash............

PLA S T E R E R S .
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass..........
Buffalo, N. Y .........
Manchester, N. H ..
Newark, N. J .........
New Haven, Conn.
New York, N. Y . . .
Philadelphia, P a ...
Pittsburgh, Pa.......
Providence, R . I . . .
Scranton, Pa...........




60.00
50.00
43.75
65.00
50.00
68.75
59.38
56.25
50.00
45.00

60.00
50.00
43.75
65.00
50.00
68.75
59.38
56.25
50.00
45.00

65.00
50.00
43.75
65.00
55.00
68.75
59.38
56.25
56.25
50.00

65.00
55.00
43.75
65.00
55.00
68.75
62.50
62. 50
56.25
50.00

148 hours, January to April and November and December.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T a b le

81

I I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
P L A S T E R E R S —Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Cents.
45.00
62.50
40.00
50.00

Cents.
45.00
50.00
40.00
50.00

Cents.
45.00
56.25
40.00
50.00

Cents.
45.00
56.25
40. G
O
50.00

53
48
54
48

53
48
54
48

53
48
54
48

62.50

62.50

62.50

Cents.
45.00
62.50
40.00
56.25
37.50
62.50

53
48
54
48

62.50

Cents.
45.00
62.50
40.00
50.00
43.75
62.50

44

44

44

68.75
62.50
56.25
53.13
55.00
68.75
50.00
62.00
55.00
75.00

68.75
62.50
56.25
56.25
55.00
75.00
60.00
62.00
62.50
75.00

68.75
62.50
56.25
56.25
55.00
75.00
60.00
62.00
62.50
75.00

68.75
62.50
62.50
60.00
62.50
75.00
60.00
62.00
75.00
75.00

68.75
62.50
62.50
60.00
62.50
75.00
60.00
70.00
75.00
75.00

75.00
62.50
62.50
62.50
62.50
75.00
65.00
70.00
75.00
75.00

44
44*
48
44
44*
48
44
44
44
44

44
44*
44
44
44*
44
44
44
44
44

56.25
75.00
62.50
62.50
62.50
50.00

56.25
75.00
62.50
62.50
62.50
50.00

56.25
75.00
62.50
62.50
62.50
50.00

56.25
75.00
62.50
62.50
62.50
50.00

62.50
75.00
75.00
62.50
75.00
50.00

62.50
75.00
75.00
65.00
75.00
62.50

44
48
48
44
48
48

68.75
75.00
75.00
62.50
87.50
81.25

68.75
62.50
68.75
75.00
87.50
75.00

68.75
62.50
75.00
75.00
87.50
75.00

68.75
62.50
75.00
75.00
87.50
75.00

68.75
62.50
75.00
75.00
87.50
75.00

68.75
68.75
75.00
75.00
87.50
75.00

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga....................................
Baltimore, M d...............................
Charleston, S. C.............................
Jacksonville, Fla...........................
Richmond, V a...............................
Washington, D. C.........................

44

53
44
54
48
48
44

53
44
54
48
48
44

44
44*
44“
44
44*
44
44
44
44
44

44
44*
44
44
44*
44
44
44
44
44

44
44*
44
44
44*
44
44
44
44
44

44
44*
44
44
44*
44
44
44
44
44

44
48
48
44
48
48

44
48
48
44
44
48

44
48
48
44
44
48

44
44
44
44
44
48

44
44
44
44
44
48

44
48
48
48
44
44

44
48
48
44
44
44

44
48
48
44
44
44

44
48
48
44
44
44

44
48
44
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44
44

North Central.
Chicago, 111.....................................
Cincinnati, Ohio............................
Cleveland, Ohio.............................
Detroit, Mich.................................
Indianapolis, Ind..........................
Kansas City, Mo...........................
Milwaukee, Wis.............................
Minneapolis, Minn........................
Omaha, Nebr.................................
St. Louis, Mo.................................
South Central.
Birmingham, Ala..........................
Dallas, T ex....................................
Little Rock, Ark...........................
Louisville, K y ___ : .......................
Memphis, Tenn.............................
New Orleans, La...........................
Western.
Denver, Colo..................................
Los Angeles, Cal............................
Portland, Oreg...............................
Salt Lake City, Utah....................
San Francisco, Cal........................
Seattle, Wash................................

PLASTERERS* LA BO RE R S.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass........
New York, N. Y ..
Philadelphia, P a..

34.00
37.50
43.75

38.00
40.63
43.75

38.00
40.63
43.75

40.00
40.63
43.75

40.00
40.63
43.75

40.00
40.63
43.75

44
44
44

44
44
44

44
44
44

44
44
44

44
44
44

44
44
44

28.13

28.13

28.13

28.13

28.13

28.13

44

44

44- 44

44

44

42.50
32.50
31.25
35.00

42.50
30.00
31.25
35.00

42.50
33.00
31.25
37.50

42.50
35.00
34.50
37.50

42.50
35.00
35.00
37.50
56.25

42.50
37.50
37.50
37.50
56.25

44*
44
44*
48

44*
44
44*
44

44*
44"
44*
44

44*
44
44*
44'

44*
44'
44*
44
44

44*
44
44*
44
44

25.00
30.00
21.88
30.00
27.50

25.00
30.00
21.88
30.00
32.50

25.00 25.00
30.00 30.00
25.00 25.00
30.00 30.00
32.50 32.50

25.00
30.00
25.00
32.50
32.50

25.00
30.00
25.00
32.50
32.50

54
48
48
48
48

54
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
44
48

48
48
48
44
48

48
44
44
44
48

48
44
44
44
48

South Atlantic.
Washington, D. C............
North Central.
Cincinnati, O hio..
Detroit, Mich.......
Indianapolis, Ind.
Kansas City, M o..
St. Louis, Mo.......
South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.
Dallas, T ex...........
Little Rock, Ark..
Memphis, T enn...
New Orleans, La..




82
T a b le

BULLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
PLASTERERS’ LABORERS—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907
Western.
Denver, Colo..................................
Los Angeles, Cal...........................
Salt Lake City, Utah....................
San Francisco, Cal........................
Reatt.lft, Wash
____ _______

1908

1909

Cents. Cents. Cents.
40.63 43.75 43.75
50.00 143.75 50.00
50.00 56.25 56.25
62.50 62.50 62.50

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Cents. Cents. Cents.
43.75 43.75 43.75
50.00 50.00 56.25
56.25 56.25 56.25
62.50 62.50 62.50
50.00 50.00

44
48
48
44

44
48
44
44

44
48
44
44

44
48
44
44

44
48
44
44
44

44
44
44
44
44

48
48

48 248 248
48 48 44
54 48 48

44
44
48

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
48
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
44
48

PLUMBERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.................................
Buffalo, N. Y ................................
Fall River, Mass...........................
Manchester, N. TT, r.. r........ .., . .
Newark, N. J ................................
New Haven, Conn........................
New York, N. Y .:
Manhattan and Bronx. „___
Brooklyn................................
Philadelphia, Pa...........................
Pittsburgh, Pa..............................
Providence, R. I .........................
Scranton, Pa..................................

50.00
46.88

50.00
46.88
36.11

55.00
46.88
40.63

55.00
50.00
40.63

55.00
50.00
43.75

55.00
43.75

43.75

55.00
43.75

55.00
47.75

56.25
47.75

60.00
50.00
43.75
31.25
56.25
54.50

62.50
59.38
43.75
50.00

62.50
59.38
43.75
50.00

62.50
62.50
43.75
56.25

62.50
62.50
43.75
56.25

40.63

46.88

46.88

68.75
62.50
43.75
62.50
50.00
46.88

44
44
44
48

40.63

68.75
62.50
50.00
56.25
50.00
46.88

48

44 44 44 44
44 44 44 44
44 44 44 44
48 248 348 348
44
48 48 48 48

40.75
43.75
38.89
56.25
37.50
50.00

40.75
43.75
38.89
56.25
46.88
50.00

40.75
43.75
38.89
56.25
46.88
50.00

40.75
43.75
38.89
62.50
46.88
50.00

40.75
50.00
38.89
62.50
46.88
50.00

45.28
50.00
43.75
62.50
46.88
50.00

53
48
54
48
48
48

53
48
54
48
48
48

53
48
54
48
48
48

53
48
54
48
48
48

53
48
54
48
48
48

53
48
48
48
48
48

62.50 65.00 65.00 68.75 68.75
50.00 50.00 50.00 56.25 56.25
50.00 56.25 56.25 56.25 56.25
Cleveland, Ohio.............................
46.88 46.88 46.88 50.00 50.00
50.00 50.00 50.00 50.00 56.25
62.50 62.50 62.50 62.50 62.50
56.25 56.25 56.25 56.25 56.25
56.25 56.25 56.25 56.25 56.25
56.25 62.50 62.50 62.50 68.25
62.50 66.25 66.25 66.25 66.25

68.75
56.25
62.50
50.00
56.25
62.50
56.25
56.25
68.25
66.25

44
44*
48
48
47
48
44
48
44
44

44
444
48“
48
47
48
44
48
44
44

44
44*
48
48
47
48
44
48
44
44

44
44*
48
48
47
48
44
48
44
44

44
44*
48
48
47
48
44
48
44
44

44
44*
44
48
44
48
44
48
44
44

57.45
62.50
50.00
43.75

63.83
62.50
50.00
50.00

63.83
62.50
50.00
50.00

68.75
62.50
56.25
50.00

47
48
48
48

50.00

56.25

56.25

68.75
68.75
56.25
50.00
62.50
56.25

47
48
48
48

50.00

68.75
62.50
56.25
50.00
62.50
56.25

48

48

47 44 44 44
48 48 48 44
48 444 444 444
48 48 48 48
48 48
48 48 48 48

56.25
62.50
75.00
65.00

62.50
50.00
62.50
65.00

62.50
50.00
75.00
65.00

62.50
56.25
75.00
65.00

44
48
48
44

44
48
48
44

44
48
48
44

68.75

81.25

81.25

62.50
56.25
75.00
70.00
75.00
81.25

48
44
48
44

62.50

62.50
56.25
75.00
70.00
75.00
81.25

44

44

44

44

44
44

44
44

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.............................. .
Baltimore, Md..............................
Charleston, S. C.............................
Jacksonville, Fla...........................
Richmond, V a ..............................
Washington, D. C.........................
North Central.
Chicago, 111....................................
Cincinnati, Ohio...........................
Detroit, Mich................................
Indianapolis, Ind..........................
Kansas City, Mo...........................
Milwaukee, W is............................
Minneapolis, Minn........................
Omaha, Nebr................................
St. Louis, Mo................................
South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.........................
Dallas, T ex....................................
Little Rock, Ark...........................
Louisville, K. Y ...........................
Memphis, Tenn.............................
New Orleans, La...........................
Western.
Denver, Colo..................................
Los Angeles, Cal............................
Portland, Oreg..............................
Salt TAke City, Utah. . . ________
San Francisco, Cal........................
Seattle, w a
s h
...............

44
48
48
44
44
44

44
48
44
44
44
44

1 The union rate of 50 cents per hour was suspended on Jan. 15,1908, and members were allowed to work
for 43.75 cents per hour during the year.
2 44 hours, June to September.
8 44 hours, June to December.
* 48 hours, January to March and October to December.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
Table

83

I I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
SH E E T -M E TA L W O R K E R S.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass..........
Buffalo, N. Y .........
Fall River, Mass...
Manchester, N. H ..
Newark, N. J .........
New Haven, Conn.
N ew Y ork ,N .Y ___
Philadelphia, P a ...
Pittsburgh, Pa.......
Providence, R. I .. .
Scranton, Pa..........

1908

1909

1910

1911

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
40.63 45.00 45.00 46.88 50.00
35.00 37.50 37.50 40.00 40.00
31.25 34.38
25.00 25.00 25.00 31.25 31.25
50.00 50.00 50.00 55.00 55.00
37.50 37.50 37.50 37.50 40.91
56.25 56.25 56.25 56.25 59.38
40.00 40.00 40.00 40.00 40.00
45.00 45.00 45.00 50.00 50.00
41.00
34.38 40.63 40.63 40.63 43.75

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 19111912

Cents.
52.50
44.00 48
34.38
31.25
55.00
47.73
59.38
50.00
50.00
41.00
43.75 48

48

48

48
48

48

48

48

54

54

54

48
48

44
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
48

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Manufacturing shops___
Railroad shops, road A..
Railroad shops, road B..
Railroad shops, road C ..
Railroad shops, road D..
Baltimore, Md......................
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Manufacturing shops___
Railroad shops...............
Richmond, V a......................
Washington, D. C.................

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

27.50
35.00
36.00
40.00
38.00
40.00

37.50
30.00
22.00
50.00

37.50
30.00
23.00
50.00

37.50
30.00
26.50
50.00

37.50
33.50
28.00
50.00

37.50
33.50
31.00
50.00

37.50
35.50
32.00
50.00

35.00
45.00
35.00
37.50

36.11
46.11
35.00
37.50

36.11
46.11
37.50
37.50

40.00
50.00
37.50
42.50

32.50
40.00
37.50
45.00
37.50
50.00

37.50
42.50
37.50
45.00
37.50
50.00

40.00
50.00
37.50
45.00
37.50
50.00

40.00
50.00
37.50
45.00
40.00
56.25

62.50
40.00
50.00
37.50
42.50
37.50
42.00
50.00
37.50
45.00
40.00
60.00

62.50
40.00
50.00
37.50
42.50
40.00
45.00
50.00
42.50
45.00
42.50
60.00

35.74
29.00
45.00

35.74
29.00
45.00

45.96
30.50
45.00

45.96
34.00
45.00

50.00
36.00
50.00

50.00
37.00
50.00

30.00
34.50
28.13
40.63

35.00
34.50
28.13
40.63

40.00
37.00
35.00
40.63

45.83
37.00
35.00
45.00

45.83
37.00
35.00
45.00
37.50

50.00
37.00
37.50
45.00
37.50

46.88
51.06
50.00
50.00
68.75
56.25

53.13
51.06
50.00
55.00
68.75
68.75

56.25
51.06
56.25
55.00
68.75
50.00

56.25
51.06
56.25
55.00
68.75
50.00

56.25
51.06
56.25
57.50
68.75
50.00

56.25
56.25
56.25
57.50
68.75
56.25

27.50

27.50

27.50

27.50

33.33
35.00
36.00
40.00
38.00
40.00

54

48

54
54
54
54
54
48
48
54
54
44

54

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Outside work.......................
General work, inside..........
Comice and skylight work.
Cincinnati, Ohio........................
Cleveland, Ohio.........................
Detroit, Mich.............................
Indianapolis, Ind......................
Kansas City, Mo........................
Milwaukee, W is.........................
Minneapolis, Minn....................
Omaha, Nebr.............................
St. Louis, Mo.............................

44
54
48
44
48
48
48
44
48
48
44
44

54

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.:
Contract shops..
Railroad shops..
Dallas, T ex..............
Little Rock. Ark.:
Contract shops..
Railroad shops..
Louisville, K y .........
Memphis, Tenn.......
New Orleans, La___
Western,
Denver, Colo...............
Los Angeles, Cal.........
Portland, Oreg............
Salt Lake City, Utah..
San Francisco, Cal.
Seattle, Wash..............




1 48 hours, January to April and September to December.
2 47 hours, September to December.
3 48 hours, January to March and September to December.

44
54
48
48

54

48
54
48

84
T a b le

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
II .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
STEAM FITTERS.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

Cents.
43.75
43.75
55.00
43.75
62.50

Cents.
43.75
50.00
55.00
43.75
62.50

Cents.
43.75
50.00
55.00
43.75
62.50

Cents.
60.00
50.00
55.00
47.75
62.50

Cents. Cents.
50.00 50.00 48
50.00 50.00 48
55.00 55.00 44
47.75 47.75 44
68.75 68.75 44

48
48
44
44
44

48
48
44
44
44

44
48
44
44
44

44
48
44
44
44

44
48
44
44
44

40.63
43.75
50.00
43.75
Scranton, Pa.................................. 40.63

43.75
43.75
50.00
50.00
40.63

43.75
43.75
50.00
50.00
40.63

46.88
43.75
50.00
50.00
40.63

50.00
43.75
50.00
50.00
40.63

50.00
43.75
56.25
50.00
40.63

44
48
48
44
48

44
48
48
44
48

44 44
48 i 48
48 48
44 44
48 48

44
48
48
44
48

44
44
48
44
48

40.75
43. 75
38.89
58.25
37.50
50.00

40.75
43.75
38.89
56.25
46.88
50.00

40.75
43.75
38. 89
56.25
46.88
50.00

40.75
43.75
38.89
62.50
46.88
50.00

40.75
50.00
38.89
62.50
46.88
50.00

45.28
50.00
43.75
62.50
46.88
50.00

53
48
54
48
48
48

53
48
54
48
48
48

53
48
54
48
48
48

53 53
48 48
54 54
48 ! 48
48 48
48 48

53
48
48
48
48
48

59.38

59.38

65.00

68.75

68.75
68.75

72.00
71.88

44

44

44

44

44
44

44
44

45.00
50.00
50.00
46.88
50.00
62.50
43.75
45.00
56.25

47.50
50.00
50.00
46.88
50.00
62.50
43.75
45.00
62.50

50.00
50.00
50.00
46.88
50.00
62.50
50.00
45.00
62.50

50.00
56.25
56.25
50.00
50.00
62.50
50.00
56.25
62.50

50.00
56.25
56.25
50.00
56.25
62.50
50.00
56.25
68.25

52.50 44J 44£ 44* 44*
56.25 44J 44J 44* 44*
56.25 48 48 48 48
50.00 48 48 48 48
56.25 47 47 47 47
62.50 144 144 144 144
50.00 48 48 44 44
56.25 48 48 48 48
68.25 44 44 44 44

441
iii
48
48
47
44
44
48
44

44*
44*
48
48
44
44
44
48
44

68.75
50.00

68.75
50.00

68.75
50.00

68.75
50.00

68.75
57.50

68.75
57.50

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

56.25
62.50
50.00
37.50
43.75
50.00

62.50
62.50
50.00
37.50
50.00
50.00

62.50
62.50
50.00
37.50
56.25
56.25

68.75
62.50
56.25
43.75
56.25
56.25

68.75
62.50
56.25
43.75
62.50
56.25

68.75
68.75
56.25
50.00
62.50
56.25

47
48
48
48
48
48

47
48
48
48
48
48

47 44 44 44
48 48 48 44
48 244 244 244
48 48 48 48
48 48 48 48
48 48 48 48

36.00
56.25
62.50
75.00
65.00

36.00
62.50
50.00
62.50
65.00

36.00
62.50
50.00
75.00
65.00

38.00
62.50
56.25
75.00
65.00

41.00
62.50
56.25
75.00
70.00

41.00
62.50
58.25
75.00
70.00

54
48
44
48
44

54
44
48
48
44

54
44
48
48
44

48
44
48
48
44

48
44
48
44
44

62.50
56.25
38.89

75.00
58.25
38.89

75.00
56.25
40.00

75.00
56.25
42.42

75.00
56.25
43.75
75.00
81.25

75.00
56.25
43.75
75.00
81.25

44
48
54

44 44 44 44
48 48 48 48
54 352J 449| 48
44
44 44 44 44

44
48
48
44
44

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.................................
Buffalo, N. Y ................................
Newark, N. J ................................
New Haven, Conn........................
New York, N. Y ...........................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Union A ..................................
Union B ..................................
Pittsburgh, Pa..............................

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 19101911 1912
i

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...................................
Baltimore, Md..............................
Jacksonville, Fla...........................
Richmond, V a ..............................
Washington, D. C.........................

!

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Union A ...............................
Union B ..................................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Union A ..................................
Union B ..................................
Cleveland, Ohio............................
Detroit, Mich................................
Indianapolis, Ind..........................
Kansas City, Mo...........................
Milwaukee, Wis............................
Minneapolis, Minn........................
Omaha, Nebr................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Regular scale..........................
Breweries................................

44
44

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.........................
Dallas, T ex....................................
Little Rock, Ark...........................
Louisville, K y ...............................
Memphis, Tenn.............................
New Orleans, La...........................
Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Union A, railroad shops.........
Union B ..................................
Los Angeles, Cal............................
Portland, Oreg..............................
Salt Lake City, Utah....................
San Francisco, Cal.:
Union A, buildings................
Union A, manufacturing shops
Union A, ships........................
Union B ..................................
Seattle, W ash................................




44
62.50 68.75 §1.25 81.25
1 48 hours, January to April and September to December.
2 48 hours, January to March and October to December.
3 51 hours, June to November and 49\ hours during December.
* 48 hours, June to December.

54
44
48
48
44

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T able

85

II .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
ST E A M FITTERS* H ELPERS.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 19091910 19111912

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Union A .......
Union B .......
Newark, N. J.:
Union A .......
Union B .......
Pittsburgh, P a...
Providence, R. I .
Scranton, Pa.......

Cents. Cents.
25.00 25.00 25.00

CenU. Cents.
28.13 28.13 28.13
25.00 25.00
30.00
30.00
28.13
31.25
25.00

30.00
30.00
31.25
31.25
25.00

22.64

22.64

28.13
25.00

28.13
28.13

27.50

27.50
27.50

27.50
27.50

37.50
37.50
27.50
25.00

40.00
37.50
29.00
28.13

25.00
25.00

37.50
37.50
27.50
25.00
21.88
28.13
31.25
25.00
28.13
25.00

28.13
31.25
25.00
28.13
28.13

28.13
31.25
25.00
28.13
28.13

37.50
29.38

37.50
29.38

37.50
29.38

37.50
32.50

37.50
32.50

22.34
31.25
18.75

22.34
31.25
18.75

22.34
31.25
18.75

21.88
31.25
21.88

21.88

31.25
21.88

25.00

25.00

25^00

25.00

25.00

25.00

25.00

25.00
25.00
25.00

25.00
25.00
25.00

23.50
31.25
34.38
31.25

23.50
31.25
37.50
31.25

44
44

21.88
31.25
25.00

21.88

44

30.00
30.00
25.00
25.00
25.00

30.00
30.00
28.13
25.00
25.00

30.00
30.00
28.13
25.00
25.00

30.00
30.00
28.13
25.00
25.00

25.00
25.00

25.00
25.00

25.00
25.00

25.00
25.00

27.50

27.50

27.50

30.00
30.00
25.00
25.00

30.00
30.00
26.00
25.00

30.00
30.00
27.50
25.00

28.13
25.00
18.75
25.00
25.00

28.13
25.00
21.88
25.00
25.00

28.13
31.25

37.50
29.38

44
44
48
44

44

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga..............
Baltimore, Md.:
Union A ............
Union B ............
Washington, I). C.:
Union A ............
Union B ............

53

53

48

48
48

48

North Central.
Chicago, HI.:
Union A ...........
Union B ...........
Cincinnati, Ohio__
Cleveland, Ohio___
Detroit, Mich.........
Indianapolis, Ind.*.
Kansas City, M o ...
Milwaukee, Wis___
Minneapolis, Minn.
Omaha, Nebr.........
St. Louis, Mo.:
Regular scale...
Breweries.........

21.88

21.88

21.88
21.88

21.88

21.88

44 44
44 44
44* 44*
48 48
48 48
47 47
244 244
48 48
48 48
44 44
44
44

44
44
44|
48
48
47
244
44
48
44
44
44

44
44

44
44
44
48
48
44
44
44
48
44
44
44

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.
Dallas, T ex...........
Louisville, K y ___
Memphis, Tenn.:
Union A .........
Union B .........
New Orleans, La..

48

48
48

48

44

48
44
44
44

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Union A, railroad shops......... 20.00
Union B .................................. 28.13
Portland, Oreg............................... 34.38
Salt Lake City, Utah....................

20.00

20.00

31.25
34.38

20.00

31.25
34.38
31.25

31.25
34.38
31.25

STO N E M A SO N S.
North Atlantic.
Boston
Buffalo, N. Y ..............
Fall River, Mass.........
Newark, N. J..............
New Haven, Conn___
New York City, N. Y .
Philadelphia, Pa.........
Pittsburgh, P a ...........
Providence, R. I .........
Scranton, Pa...............




360.00
50.00
52.50
65.00
50.00
52.50
50.00
55,00
45.00
39.50

360.00
50.00
52.50
65.00
50.00
55.00
50.00
55.00
45.00
39.50

60.00 60.00 60.00 60.00
50.00 55.00 55.00 55.00
52.50 52.50 55.00 55.00
65.00 65.00 65.00 65.00
50.00 50.00 50.00 50.00
55.00 55.00 57.50 57.50
50.00 50.00 50.00 50.00
55.00 55.00 55.00 55.00
45.00 50.00 50.00 50.00
39.50 45.00 45.00 45.00

44
48
48
44
48
44
44
48
44
48

1 Scale after first year of service.
2 48 hours, January to April and September to December.
8 Rough foundation work, 55 cents.

44 44 44 44
48 48 48 48
48 48 48 48
44 44 44 44
48 48 44 44
44 44 44 44
44 44 44 44
48 48 48 44
44 44 44 44
48 48 48 48

44
48
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
48

86
T a b le

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

IL — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES—Continued.
STONEMASONS—Concluded.

Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

South A tlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...................................
Baltimore, M d...............................
Charleston. S. C.............................
Jacksonville, Fla...........................
Richmond, V a..............................
Washington, D. C.........................

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
40.75 45.85 45.85 45.85 45.85
56.25
40.00 40.00 40.00 40.00 40.00
50.00 50.00 50.00 50.00 50.00
50.00 50.00 62.50 62.50 62.50
62.50 62.50 62.50 62.50 62.50

Cents.
45.85
56.25
40.00
50.00
62.50
62.50

53

53

53

53

54
48
48
48

54
48
48
48

54
48
48
48

54
48
48
44£

53 53
145 145
54 54
48 48
48 48
44J 44§

North Central.
Chicago, 111.....................................
Cincinnati, Ohio............................
Cleveland, Ohio.............................
Detroit, Mich................................
Indianapolis, Ind..........................
Kansas City, Mo...........................
Milwaukee, Wis............................
Minneapolis, Minn........................
St. Louis, M.o................................

62.75
54.00
50.00
55.00
50.00
60.00
55.00
50.00
60.00

62.75
54.00
50.00
55.00
50.00
60.00
60.00
55.00
60.00

67.50
54.00
50.00
55.00
50.00
60.00
60.00
55.00
60.00

67.50
54.00
50.00
55.00
50.00
62.50
65.00
55.00
60.00

67.50
54.00
50.00
55.00
65.00
62.50
65.00
55.00
60.00

72.50 48 48 48 44
54.00 45 45 45 45
50.00 48 48 48 48
55.00 48 48 48 48
65.00 244 244 244 244
62.50 48 48 48 48
65.00 48 48 48 »48
55.00 48 48 48 48
60.00 44 44 44 44

Little Rock, Ark........................... 56.25
Louisville, K y ............................... 50.00
New Orleans, La........................... 62.50

56.25
55.00
62.50

62.50
55.00
62.50

62.50
55.00
62.50

62.50
55.00
62.50

62.50
55.00
62.50

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
44

62.50
62.50

62.50
62.50

62.50
62.50

62.50
62.50

62.50
62.50

44
44

44
44

44
45
48
48
44
48
348
48
44

44
45
48
48
44
48
44
48
44

48
48
44

48
48
44

48
48
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

South Central.

Western.
Denver, Colo.................................. 62.50
Salt Lake City, Utah.................... 62.50

STRUCTURAL IRON WORKERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass..........
Buffalo, N. Y .........
Newark, N. J .........
New Haven, Conn.
New York, N. Y . . .
Philadelphia, P a ...
Pittsburgh, Pa.......
Providence. R . I . ..
Scranton, Pa..........

45.00
50.00
56.25
45.00
60.00
56.25
50.00
45.00
50.00

45.00
50.00
56.25
50.00
60.00
56.25
56.25
45.00
50.00

50.00
50.00
56.25
50.00
60.00
56.25
56.25
50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00
56.25
56.25
62.50
56.25
56.25
50.00
50.00

56.25
55.00
62.50
56.25
62.50
56.25
56.25
50.00
56.25

56.25 348 348
60.00 48 48
62.50 44 44
56.25 48 48
62.50 44 44
60.00 44 44
56.25 48 48
56.25 48 48
56.25 48 48

348
48
44
48
44
44
48
44
48

44
48
44
44
44
44
48
44
48

44
48
44
44
44
44
48
44
48

44
48
44
44
44
44
44
44
48

40.00
50.00
50.00
50.00

40.00
50.00
50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00

56.25
56.25
50.00
50.00

56.25
56.25
56.25
56.25

54
48
48
48

54
48
48
44

54
48
48
44

48
48
48
44

48
48
48
44

60.00
45.00
60.00
50.00
50.00
56.25
50.00

60.00
45.00
60.00
50.00
50.00
56.25
50.00

62.50
50.00
60.00
50.00
50.00
56.25
50.00

65.00
60.00
60.00
50.00
60.00
56.25
56.25

66.00
60.00
65.00
50.00
60.00
62.50
56.25

68.00 4 4 4 444 m *44 444 444
60.00 48 48 48 441 44| 44£
65.00 48 48 48 48 544 544
60.00 348 *48 348 348 348 348
65.00 48 48 48 48 48 44
62.50 48 48 48 48 48 44
56.25 ; 48 48 48 348 348 848

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga............
Baltimore, M d.......
Richmond, V a.......
Washington, D. C..

54
48
48
48

North Central.
Chicago, HI............
Cincinnati, O h io..
Cleveland, Ohio...
Detroit, Mich.......
Indianapolis, Ind.
Kansas City, M o..
Milwaukee, w is ...




1 44 hours, January to March and November and December.
2 47 hours, January to March and November and December.
8 44 hours, June to September.
* 48 hours, December and January to March.
6 48 hours, January to March and'October to December.

87

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T able

II.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
BUILDING TRADES— Concluded.
S T R U C T U R A L IRON W O R K E R S —Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1909

1910

Cents.
40. G
O
50.00
60.00

Cents.
50.00
50.00
60.00

Cents.
50.00
50.00
60.00

Cents.
56.25
56.25
60.00

Cents.
56.25 56.25
56.25 56.25
65.00 65.00

50.00

50.00

50.00

50.00
50.00

56.25
50.00
56.25

56.25
50.00
62.50

50.00
43.67
56.25
33.33
62.50
56.25

North Central—Concluded.
Minneapolis, Minn.
Omaha, Nebr.........
St. Louis, Mo.........

1908

1911

1912 190719081909 1910 19111912

56.25
43.67
56.25
50.00
62.50
56.25

56.25
43.67
56.25
50.00
62.50
56.25

56.25
43.67
56.25
56.25
62.50
56.25

56.25
50.00
62.50
56.25
62.50
60.00

56.25
50.00
62.50
61.36
62.50
60.00

144
44

South Central.
Dallas, T ex..........
Louisville, K y ---New Orleans, La..

48

48

Western.
Denver, Colo...............
Los Angeles, Cal.........
Portland, Oreg............
Salt Lake City, Utah..
San Francisco, Cal___
Seattle, Wash..............

MARBLE AND STONE TRADES.
G RAN ITE CU TTE R S.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass:
Inside men.............................
Outside men..........................
Buffalo, N. Y .: Inside men.........
Fall River, Mass.: Inside men...
Manchester, N. H.: Inside men,
machine men, and outside men.
New Haven, Conn.:
Inside men.............................
Outside men..........................
New York, N. Y .:
Inside men............................
Outside men.........................
Philadelphia, Pa.: Inside men,
machine men, and outside men.
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Inside men.........................
Outside men......................
Providence, R . I.:
Inside men.........................
Machine men.....................
Outside men...................... .

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
44.38
45.00
37.50 40.63 40.63 40.63 43.75
40.63 40.63 40.63 40.63 40.63

Cents.
44.38
45.00
43.75 *48* *48* *48* ’ 48*
40.63 48 48 48 48

44
44
48
48

44
44
48
48

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

48

48

48

48

48

48

37.50
43.75

37.50
43.75

37.50
43.75

37.50
43.75

37.50
43.75

37.50
43.75

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

43.75
56.25

43.75
56.25

43.75
56.25

43.75
56.25

43.75
56.25

50.00
56.25

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

44
44

47.75

47.75

47.75

47.75

50.00

50.00

44

44

44

44

44

44

43.75
55.00

43.75
55.00

43.75
55.00

43.75
55.00

43.75
55.00

43.75
55.00

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48
U5
145
145

37.50

37.50

37.50

38.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

40.63

38.50
46.88
40.63

38.50 145 145 145 145 145
145
46.88
40.63 145 145 145 145 145

37.50
43.75
40.63

37.50
43.75
40.63

37.50
43.75
40.63

40.00
43.75
40.63

40.00
43.75
40.63

41.25
47.50
47.50

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

45
45
45

45.00
51.25
50.00
37.50

45.00
51.25
50.00
37.50

45.00
51.25
50.00
37.50

45.00
51.25
50.00
40.63

45.00
51.25
50.00
40.63

50.00
50:00
56.25
40.63

44*
44*
44*
48

44*
44*
44*
48

44*
44*
44*
48

44*
44*
44*
48

44*
44*
44*
48

44
44
44
48

43.75
46.88

43.75
46.88

43.75
46.88

43.75
46.88

43.75
46.88

43.75
46.88

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

45.00
51.25
50.00

45.00
51.25
50.00

45.00
51.25
50.00

45.00
51.25
50.00

45.00
51.25
50.00

45.00
51.25
50.00

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

44
44
44

44
44
44

44
44
44

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Inside men.................
Machine men.............
Outside men..............
Baltimore, Md.:
Inside men.................
Machine men.............
Outside men..............
Charleston, S. C.3............
Richmond, Va.:
Handwork.................
Machine men.............
Washington, D . C.:
Inside men.................
Machine men.............
Outside men..............




148 hours, January to April and October to December.
2 44 hours, June to September.
8 Class of workmen not specified.

88
T abus

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
II.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
MARBLE AND STONE TRADES—Continued.
GRANITE CUTTERS—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1912 19071908 1909 1910 19111912

1911

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Inside men..............................
Outside men...........................
Cincinnati, Ohio: Machine men
and outside men........................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Inside men..............................
Machine men..........................
Outside men...........................
Detroit, Mich.: Inside men..........
Kansas City, M o.1........................
Minneapolis, Minn.: Inside m en..
St. Louis, Mo.:
Inside men, building w ork...
Machine men..........................
Outside men...........................

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
37.50 40.63 40.63 40.63 40.63 40.63
56.25 56.25 56.25 56.25 56.25 56.25

44

45.50

45.50

45.50

50.00

50.00 48

37.50 37.50
40.63 . 40.63
43.75 ! 55.00
37.50 37.50
45.00 45.00
40.63 40.63

37.50
40.63
55.00
37.50
45.00
40.63

37.50
40.63
55.00
40.63
45.00
40.63

40.00
43.75
55.00
40.63
45.00
42.50

41.88
45.00
55.00
40.63
45.00
42.50

50.00
56.25
56.25

50.00
56.25
56.25

50.00
56.25
56.25

50.00
56.25
56.25

50.00
56.25
56.25

50.00
56.25
56.25

Louisville, K y.: Inside men,
machine men, and outside men. 40.63
New Orleans, La.*....................... 33.33

40.63
33.33

40.63
40.00

40.63
40.00

40.63
40.00

40.63
40.00

50.00

50.00

57.00

57.00

57.00

57.00

56.25
56.25

56.25
56.25

62.50
62.50

62.50
62.50

62.50
62.50

62.50
62.50

62.50

62.50

62.50

62.50

62.50

62.50

56.25
62.50
56.25

56.25
62.50
62.50

62.50
68.75
62.50

62.50
68.75
62.50

62.50
68.75
62.50

62.50
68.75
62.50

45.50

48
48
48

48
44 ' 44

48

48

: 48
a

South Central.

48

Western.
Denver, Colo.: Inside men and
outside men................................
Los Angeles, Cal.: Inside men,
machine men, and outside men.
Portland, Oreg.1...........................
Salt Lake City, Utah.: Inside
men and outside men................
San Francisco, Cal.:
Inside men............................
Outside men......................... .
Seattle, Wash.*........................... .

STONECUTTERS, SOFT STONE.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.................................
Buffalo, N. Y ................................
New Haven, Conn........................
New York City, N. Y .:
First class................................
Second class............................
Third class..............................
Philadelphia, Pa...........................
Pittsburgh, Pa..............................
Providence, R . I ...........................
Scranton, Pa..................................

50.00
50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00
50.00

50.00
53.13
50.00

50.00
56.25
50.00

48 248 !248 248 248
48 48 48 48 48
44 44 44 44 44

44
48
44

62.50
56.25
50.00
50.00
50.00
45.00

62.50
56.25
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
45.00

62.50
56.25
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
45.00

62.50
56.25
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00

62.50
56.25
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00

62.50
56.25
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00

44
44
44
44
44
48
48

44
44
44
44
44
48
48

44
44
44
44
44
48
48

44
44
44
44
44
48
48

44
44
44
44
44
48
48

44
44
44
44
44
44
48

50.00
50.00
50.00
43.75
50.00

50.00
50.00
50.00
43.75
50.00

50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00

48
m
45
48
48

48
44*
45
48
48

48
44*
45"
48
48

48
4U
45
48
48

48
44i
45"
48
48

48
44*
45
48
44

56.25
50.00
50.00

56.25
50.00
50.00

56.25
50.00
50.00

62.50
56.25 56.25
56.25 56.25
56.25 56.25
2 44 hours,

44
62.50
56.25 44* 44i 44* *44* 44*
60.00 44 44 i 44 44 44
56.25 44 44 i 44 44 44
June to September.

44
44*
44
44

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga............
Baltimore, Md____
Jacksonville, F la...
Richmond, V a.......
Washington, D. C..
North Central.
Chicago, 111.........
Cincinnati, Ohio.
Cleveland, Ohio..
Detroit, Mich___

i Class of workmen not specified.




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T able

89

II.— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
MARBLE AND STONE TRADES—Concluded.
S T O N E C U T T E R S, S O F T STO N E —Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—
City.

Hours per week on May 15—

I
1907

North Central—Concluded.

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 19071908 19091910 19111912

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
50.00 50.00 50.00 50.00 56.25
56.25 56.25 56.25 56.25 56.25
50.00
56.25 56.25 56.25 56.25 56.25
50.00 50.00 50.00 55.00 55.00
56.25 56.25 56.25 56.25 56.25

Cents.
56.25
56.25
50.00
56.25
55.00
56.25

47
44
44
44
44
44

45.00
62.50
50.00
60.00

45.00
62.50
50.00
65.00

45.00
62.50
50.00
65.00

50.00
62.50
50.00
65.00

50.00
62.50
50.00
65.00

50.00
62.50
50.00
65.00

44
44
48
44

62.50
56.25
70.00
62.50
62.50
62.50

Indianapolis, I n d ..
Kansas City, M o. . .
Milwaukee, W is___
Minneapolis, Minn.
Omaha, Nebr.........
St. Louis, Mo.........

62.50
56.25
70.00
62.50
62.50
62.50

62.50
56.25
70.00
62.50
62.50
62.50

62.50
56.25
70.00
62.50
62.50
70.00

62.50
56.25
70.00
62.50
62.50
70.00

62.50
56.25
70.00
62.50
62.50
70.00

44
44
44
44
44
44

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.
Dallas, T ex...........
Louisville, K y ___
Memphis, Tenn. . .
Western.
Denver, Colo...............
Los Angeles, Cal.........
Portland, Oreg............
Salt Lake City, Utah..
San Francisco, Cal___
Seattle, V/ash..............

METAL TRADES.
B L A C K S M IT H S .
North Atlantic.
33.33
30.00
25.47
41.66
30.00

33.33
30.00
25.47
41.66
30.00

33.33
33.33
25.47
41.66
30.00

33.33
33.33
27.00
45.28
30.00

33.33
33.33
29.04
45.28
30.00

33.33
29.04
45.28
30.00

54
54
53
53
60

27.78
27.50

30.56
27.50

30.56
32.50

30.56
32.50

30.56
32.50

33.33
32.50

54

30.00
32.50
32.00
34.00
32.50

30.00
32.50
32.00
34.00
32.50

31.50
38.00
36.00
37.00
32.50

33.50
39.00
38.00
37.50
35.00

35.00
39.00
38.00
37.50
35.00

35.00
41.00
39.00
39.00
35.00

54
54
54
54
54

36.00
32.00

36.00 36.00
32.00 i 32.00

36.00
35.50

36.00
38.00

36.00
39.00

54

32.50
32.50

32.50
32.50

32.50
34.00

32.50
37.50

38.00
39.00

40.00
39.00

54

28,50
27.00
27.00

28.50
27.00
27.00

31.00
31.00
31.00

31.86
34.50
34.50

32.50
33.86
38. C
O
35.50

32.50
33.86
38.00
35.50

54
54
54

Chicago, 111.:
Manufacturing shops.............. 37.50
Outside men........................... 56.25
Railroad shops........................ 34.50
Cincinnati, Ohio...........................

37.50
56.25
34.50

37.50
62.50
36.50

40.00 40.00
62.50 62,50
38.00 , 38.00
I 20.00

40.00
68.75
38.00

149
244
149
60

Boston, Mass...........................
Buffalo, N. Y ..........................
New Haven, Conn...................
New York, N . Y .: Shopmen.
Philadelphia, Pa.....................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops.......
Locomotive works............
South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Manufacturing shops_
_
Railroad shops, road A .
Railroad shops, road B .
Railroad shops, road C ..
Railroad shops, road D.,
Charleston, S. €.:
Manufacturing shops___
Railroad shops...............
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Manufacturing shops___
Railroad shops...............
Richmond, Va.:
Manufacturing shops___
Railroad shops, road A ..
Railroad shops, road B..
Railroad shops, road C..

54
48
54

54
51

North Central.

20.00

154 hours, January to April and September to December.
248 hours, January to April and September to December.




B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU REA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

90
T able

II.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
BLACKSM ITHS—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 1 5 1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

Hours per week on May 1 5 -

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

North Central—Concluded.
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Minneapolis, Minn.: Railroad
shops...........................................
Omaha, Nebr.:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops........................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops........................

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
28.00 28.00 33.50 33.50 33.50 35.00 54
28.00 31.00 31.00 32.50 33.50 33.50 60

54
60

54
60

54
60

54
54

54
54

33.00

33.00

54

54

37.00
37.00

37.00
37.00

37.00
37.00

40.00
40.00

40.00
40.00

40.00
40.00

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
48

54
48

33.33
32.00

33.33
34.00

33.33
34.00

33.33
38.00

33.33
38.00

33.33
38.00

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

34.00
34.00

34.00
34.00

34.00
34.00

37.50
37.50

39.00
39.00

39.00
39.00

60
54

60
54

60
54

60
54

60
54

60
54

38.00
38.00

38.00
38.00

38.00
38.00

41.00
41.00

41.00
41.00

41.00
41.00

60
60

60
60

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

44.44
39.00

44.44
39.00

44.44
39.00

44.44
41.00

44.44
41.00

44.44
41.00

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

36.11

36.11

36.11

36.11

36.11

54

54

54

54

54

36.00
35.00
36.00

36.00
38.50
36.00

36.00
38.50
36.00

40.00
41.50
40.00

40.00
42.50
40.00

40.00
42.50
41.50

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
48
54

54
48
54

30.00

30.00

30.00

30.00

50.00

50.00

60

60

60

60

48

48

45.00
39.00

45.00
39.00

45.00
43.70

45.00
43.70

45.00
44.70

45.00
44.70

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
48

54
48

44.44

44.44

45.71

48.48

50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00

54

54

52* 49* 48
48

48
48

South Central.
B irmingham, Ala.:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops........................
Little Rock, Ark.:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops........................
Memphis, Tenn.:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops........................
New Orleans, La.: Manufacturing
shops...........................................
Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, other.............
Los Angeles, Cal.: Manufacturing
shops...........................................
Portland, Oreg.: Manufacturing
shops...........................................
Salt Lake City, Utah....................
San Francisco, Cal.:
Manufacturing shops..............
Ship work...............................

I

54
54
54

BLACKSM ITHS’ HELPERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass....................
Buffalo, N. Y ...................
New Haven, Conn...........
New York City, N. Y .:
Shopmen....................
Outside men..............
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops.
Locomotive works___

22.22
17.50
18.34

22.22
17.50
18.34

22.22
19.44
18.34

22.22
22.22
18.34

22.22
22.22
19.87

22.22
22.22
19.87

54
60
53

54
60
53

54
54
53

54
54
53

54
54
53

54
54
53

25.36
28.00

25.36
28.00

25.36
28.00

28.08
31.00

28.08
31.00

28.08
31.00

53
48

53
48

53
48

53
48

53
48

53
44

17.78
18.00

22.22
18.00

22.22
22.00

22.22
22.00

22.22
22.00

22.22
22.00

54
60

54
60

54
50

54
50

54
50

54
50

30.00
50.00
26.00
18.00

30.00
50.00
26.00
18.50

30.00 149 149 149 149 149
56.25 244 «44 244 244 244
26.00 149 149 149 149 149
18.50 60 60 60 60 60

149
244
149
60

18.00
18.00

18.00
19.00

18.00
19.50

54
54

54
54

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Manufacturing shops............ . 27.00 27.00 27.00
Outside men........................... 46.25 46.25 50.00
Railroad shops...................... . 22.00 22.00 24.00
Cincinnati, Ohio.......................... . 16.00 17.00 17.00
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Manufacturing shops............ . 16.00 16.00 18.00
Railroad shops, road A ........ . 16.00 17.00 17.00
154 hours, January to April and
* 48 hours, January to April and




54
60

September to December.
September to December.

54
60

54
60

54
60

91

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T a b le

II.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
B L A C K S M IT H S ’ H E LPER S—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 19111912

North Central—Concluded.
Minneapolis, Minn.: Railroad
shops...........................................
Omaha, Nebr.: Manufacturing
shops...........................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops........................

Cents. Cents. Cents. ’Cents. Cents. Cents.
19.00 19.00 19.00 19.00 21.00 22.00

54

18.00

18.00

18.00

22.50

22.50

22.50

54

19.00
19.00

21.50
21.50

21.50
21.50

23.00
24.00

23.00
24.00

23.00
24.00

54
54

25.00

25.00

25.00

25.00

25.00

23.00
22.50
23.00

23.00
24.75
23.00

23.00
24.75
23.00

25.00
28.00
27.00

25.00
29.00
27.00

25.00
29.00
28.00

22.50

22.50

22.50

22.50

37.50

37.50

48

27.78
27.50
33.33

27.78
27.50
33.33

27.78
30.00
34.29

27.78
30.00

27.78
31.00
37.50

27.78
31.00
37.50

54
48
48

South Central.
New Orleans, La.: Manufacturing
shops...........................................

54

54

54

54

54

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Manufacturing shops...........
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, other.............
Los Angeles, Cal.: Manufacturing
shops...........................................
Portland, Oreg.: Manufacturing
shops...........................................
Salt Lake City, Utah....................
San Francisco, Cal.........................

54
48
54

BOILER M A K E R S .
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Shopmen.................................
Outside men...........................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Shopmen.................................
Outside men...........................
New Haven, Conn.........................
New York, N. Y .:
Shopmen.................................
Outside men...........................
Philadelphia, Pa.: Outside men..
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Shopmen.................................
Outside men...........................
Railroad shops........................
Providence, R. L :
Shopmen.................................
Outside men...........................
Scranton, Pa..................................

30.56
40.63

30.56
40.63

30.56
40.63

30.56
43.75

30.56
53.13

30.56
53.13

54
48

54
48

54
48

54
48

54
48

54
48

34.00
38.89
24.45

34.00
38.89
24.45

34.00
38.89
26.49

34.00
38.89
29.04

36.00
41.67
29.04

36.00
41.67
29.04

54
54
53

54
54
53

54
54
53

54
54
53

54
54
53

54
54
53

36.11
43.75
43.75

36.11
43.75
43.75

36.11
43.75
43.75

36.11
53.13
43.75

41.67
53.13
50.00

41.67
53.13
50.00

54
44
48

54
44
48

54
44
48

54
44
48

54
44
44

54
44
44

35.00
45.00
32.50

35.00
45.00
32.50

35.00
45.00
32.50

35.00
45.00
32.50

36.67
50.00
32.50

40.00
50.00
32.50

54
48
60

54
48
60

54
48
60

54
48
60

54
48
60

54
48
60

27.50
43.75
27.00

30.00
43.75
27.00

30.00
43.75
27.00

30.00
43.75
27.00

33.33
50.00
27.00

33.33
50.00
28.00

55
44
60

55
44
60

55
44
60

55
44
60

54
48
60

54
48
54

30.00
31.00
30.00
31.00
27.78

31.50
32.00
31.50
31.50
30.56

32.00
33.00
33.00
34.00
30.56

34.00
36.50
35.50
37.00
30.56

38.00
38.00
38.00
38.00
30.56

39.00
39.50
39.00
39.00
30.56

54
54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54
54

33.33

33.33

33.33

36.11

36.11
38.00

36.11
39.00

54

54

54

54

54
54

54
54

32.50

32.50

32.50

32.50

36.00

38.00

40.00

40.00

36.50
40.00
41.50

36.50 60 60 60 60 54
42.50
54
42.50 *54* *54* 54* 54* 54

54
54
54

26.50
27.50
25.00

30.00
30.00
28.50

32.00
32.00
32.00

35.00
34.50
35.50
34.50

35.00
37.25
38.00
34.50

35.00
39.26
39.00
38.50

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Shopmen.................................
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, road B ..........
Railroad shops, road C..........
Baltimore, Md...............................
Charleston, S. C.:
Shopmen.................................
Railroad shops........................
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Shopmen.................................
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, other.............
Richmond, Va.:
Shopmen.................................
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, road B..........
Railroad shops, road C...........




60
60
60

60
60
60

60
54
54

55
54
54
54

55
54
54
54

55
54
54
54

92
T able

B U L L E T IN OF T H E B U BEA U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

II,—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
B O ILE R M A K E R S —Continued.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Horn's per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909:1910:1911 1912

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Shopmen.................................
Outside men...........................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Shopmen.................................
Outside men...........................
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, read B ..........
Railroad shops, road C..........
Railroad shops, road D ..........
Cleveland, Ohio:
Shopmen.................................
Outside men...........................
Railroad shops........................
Detroit, Mich.:
Shopmen.................................
Outside men...........................
Railroad shops.......................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Shopmen.................................
Outside men...........................
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, road B ..........
Railroad shops, road C ..........
Kansas City, Mo.:
Shopmen............................... .
Outside men......................... .
Railroad shops...................... .
Milwaukee, Wis.: Railroad shops,
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Railroad shops, road A ........
Railroad shops, road B..........
St. Louis, Mo.:
Shopmen...............................
Outside men.........................
Railroad shops......................

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
37.50 37.50 37.50 40.00 40.00 40.00 149* 1494 1494 149*:149* 149*
50.00 50.00 50.00 56.25 56.25 62.50 44 44 44" 44 44 44
33.50
35.00
33.00
33.00
33.00
30.00

33.50
35.00
35.50
33.00
33.00
30.00

35.00
35.00
35.50
35.50
34.50
30.00

35.00
35.00
35.50
35.50
34.50
30.00

35.00
45.00
35.50
35.50
34.50
32.00

40.00
45.00
35.50
40.00
34.50
32.00

54
48
54
54
60
60

54
48
54
54
60
60

54
48
54
54
60
60

54
48
54
54
60
60

54
48
54
54
60
60

54
48
54
54
60
60

33.33
45.00
30.00

33.33
45.00
32.50

33.33
45.00
32.50

33.33
45.00
32.50

33.33
50.00
34.00

33.33
50.00
35.00

54
48
54

54
48
54

54
48
54

54
48
54

54
48
54

54
48
54

30.00
37.50

35.00
43.75

35.00
50.00

35.00
50.00

35.00
50.00
34.00

34.00
50.00
34.00

60
48

60
48

60
48

60
48

60
48
60

60
48
60

32.00

32.00

32.00

32.00
40.00
36.50
35.00
36.00

50

35.50
33.00
33.00

32.00
60.00
36.50
35.00
36.00

50

35.50
33.00
33.00

32.00
60.00
36.50
33.00
36.00

55

32.60
33.00
33.00

60
60
54

60
60
54

54
60
54

50
48
54
60
54

50
48
54
54
54

50
48
54
54
54

38.00
38.00
36.00

38.00
40.00
36.00

38.00
40.00
39.00

38.00
40.00
39.00

38.00
45.00
40.00
40.00

38.00
45.00
40.00
40.00

60
60
60

60
60
60

54
54
54

54
54
54

42.33
43.86

42.33
44.37

54 54
54 54
54 54
254 254
350 350
350 350

35.00
50.00
t> 00
0.

35.00
50.00
35.00

38.00
50.00
38.00

38.00
50.00
38.00

40.00
56.25
40.00

40.00
56.25
40.00

54
54
54

35.00
35.00
35.00

35.00
35.00
35.00

35.00
35.00
35.00

37.50
37.50
35.00

37.50
39.00
35.00

37.50
40.00
37.50

38.00
38.00

38.00
38.00

38.00
38.00

41.00
41.00

41.00
41.00
41.00
41.00

25.00
33.00
31.50
30.00
29.00
38.00

25.00
33.00
31.50
30.00
31.00
38.00

25.00
33.00
33.50
30.00
31.00
38.00

32.00
35.00
35.00
31.00
32.00
41.00

29.50

33.33
29.50

38.89
37.00

38.89
37.00

!

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
44
54

60
54
60

60
54
60

60
54
60

60
54
60

60
54
60

60
54
60

41.00
41.00
41.00
41.00

60
60

60
60

54
60

54
60

60
54
60
58

60
54
60
58

32.00
35.00
37.50
33.00
35. oO
41.00

32.00
35.00
37.50
33.00
35.50
41.00

60
60
60
60
60
54

60
60
60
60
60
54

54
54
60
54
54
54

54
54
60
54
54
54

54
54
60
54
54
54

54
54
60
54
54
54

38.89
39.00

38.89
39.00

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.:
Shopmen............................
Railroad shops...................
Blast furnace......................
Little Rock, Ark.:
Shopmen............................
Railroad shops...................
Roundhouses, daywork...
Roundhouses, nightwork.
Louisville, Ky.:
Shopmen...........................
Railroad shops, road A —
Railroad shops, road B ___
Railroad shops, road C___
Railroad shops, road D _
_
Memphis, Tenn.: Shopmen.. .
New Orleans, La.:
Shopmen............................
Railroad shops..................
Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Shopmen.......................
Raiiroad shops, road A .
Railroad shops, other..

37.00 37.00 37.00 41.00 54 54 54 54 54 54
40.00 41.00 41.00 41.00 54 54 54 54 48 48
40.00 40.00 40.00 J 41.00 54 54 54 54 54 54
154 hours, January to April and October to December.
2 Work 5 hours on Saturday and are paid for 6 hours from June to September.
8 Work 5 hours on Saturday and are paid for 6 hours from May to August inclusive, and work 8 hours on
Saturday and are paid for 9 hours the other 8 months.




37.00
37.00
37.00

37.00
37.00
37.00

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T able

93

II. — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1)07 TO 1912—Continued.
M ETAL TRADES—Continued.
BOILER M AKERS—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour :>n May 1 5 -

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 19111912

Western—Concluded.
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Shopmen.................................
Railroad shops........................
Portland, Oreg.: Outside men___
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Shopmen.................................
Railroad shops........................
San Francisco, Cal.: Shopmen
and outside men........................
Seattle, Wash.: Shopmen and
outside m e n ...............................

Cents. Cents. Cents. Centi. Cents. Cents.
35.00
42.50 42.50 42.50 45.50 45.50 45.50
50.00 50.00 50.00 50.00 50.00
35.00
36.00

37.50
38.00

40.00
40.00

42.00
42.00

43.00
43.00

54

54

54
54

43.00
43.00

50.00

50.00

50.00

50.0
C

50.00

50.00

38.89

50.00

50.00

50.0
C

50.00

50.00

48

BOILER M AKERS’ HELPERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Shopmen...............................
Outside men..........................
New Haven, Conn......................
New York City, N. Y .:
Shopmen...............................
Outside men.........................
Philadelphia, Pa.: Outside men.
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Shopmen..................... ..........
Outside men..........................
Providence, R . I.:
Shopmen...............................
Outside men..........................

22.22
25.00
17.32

22.22
25.00
17.32

22.22
25.00
17.32

22.22
25.00
19.36

22.22
25.00
21.40

22.22
25.00
21.40

54
48
53

54
48
53

54
48
53

54
48
53

54
48
53

54
48
53

25.00

25.00

25.00

25.00

25.00
43.75
37.50

28.89
43.75
37.50

54

54

54

54

54
44
44

54
44
44

22.22
34.38

22.22
34.38

22.22
34.38

22.22
34.38

25.00
37.50

25.00
40.00

54
48

64
48

54
48

54
48

54
48

54
48

15.00
34.38

15.00
34.38

15.00
34.38

15.00
34.38

16.67
37.50

16.67
37.50

55
44

55
44

55
44

55
44

54
48

54
48

16.50
13.00
15.00

16.50
13.00
15.00

16.50
14.00
15.00

17.50
16.50
17.50
17.50

20.00
16.50
19.50
17.50

20.00
19.50
20.50
19.50

60
60
60

60
60
60

60
54
54

55
54
54
54

55
54
54
54

55
54
54
54

25.00

25.00

25.00

27.50

27.50

32.50 *49£ 149J

25.00
17.00
17.50
35.00

25.00
17.00
17.50
35.00

22.00
32.50
17.00
19.50
40.00

25.00
32.50 '48* *48*
19.00 54 54
22.00 54 54
40.00 48 48

South Atlantic.
Richmond, Va.:
Shopmen.......................
Railroad shops, road A .
Railroad shops, road B .
Railroad shops, road C.
North Central.
Chicago, 111.: Shopmen............
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Shopmen............................
Outside men......................
Railroad shops, road A ___
Railroad shops, road B ___
Cleveland, Ohio: Outside men_
_
Indianapolis,
Ind.: Railroad
shops, road A ........................... .
Kansas City, Mo.:
Shopmen...............................
Outside men...........................
Railroad shops...................... .
Milwaukee, Wis.: Railroad shops
St. Louis, Mo.:
Shopmen............................... .
Outside men...........................
Railroad shops.......................

149J 1
49|
54
'48 *48* 48
54 54 54
54 54 54
48 48 48

54
48
54
54
48

25.00
16.00
17.50
35.00

25.00
17.00
17.50
35.00
15.00

16.67

20.00

20.00

20.00

60

54

54

16.00
20.00
18.00

16.00
22.00
18.00

16.00
22.00
21.00

16.00
22.00
21.00

16.00
27.00
22.00
22.00

16.00
27.00
22.00
22.00

60
60
60

60
60
60

54
54
54

54
54
54

54 54
54 54
54 54
254 254

22.00
35.00
22.00

22.00
35.00
22.00

22.00
35.00
25.00

22.00
35.00
25.00

24.00
40.00
27.00

24.00
40.00
27.00

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
44
54

54
44
54

54

54

54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54

54

54
44
54

South Central.
Little Rock, Ark.: Railroad shops
21.50 21.50
Louisville, K y.:
Shopmen............................
17.50 17.50 19.50 19.50 19.50 19.50 60 60 54
Railroad shops, road A ___
19.50 19.50
Railroad shops, other........
is. 00 15.00 17.50 i9.50 19.50 19.50 60 i 60 54
1 Fifty-four hours, October to April.
2 Work 5 hours on Saturday from June to September, and paid for 6 hours.




54

94
T a b le

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
II. — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
M ETAL TRADES—Continued.
BOILER M AKERS’ HELPERS—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Cents.
25.00
22.00
25.00
22.00

Cents.
25.00
22.00
25.00
31.25

Cents.
25.00
22.00
25.00
31.25

Cents.
28.00
25.00
27.50
31.25

Cents.
28.00
25.00
27.50
31.25

Cents.
28.00
28.00
27.50
31.25

48
54
54
48

48
54
54
48

24.00

24.00

26.00

28.00

20.00
29.00

20.00
54
29.00 '54* *54* *54* *54* 48

54
48

27.78

27.78

28.57

30.30

31.25

31.25

54

54

521 49J 48

48

54
60
60
54
54
54
54
54
54
60

54
60
60
54
54
54
54
54
54
60

54
60
60
54
54
54
54
54
54
60

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, other.............
Los Angeles, Cal.: Railroad shops
Portland, Oreg.: Outside men___
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Shopmen.................................
Railroad shops........................
San Francisco, Cal.: Shopmen
and outside men........................

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
48

54
54
54
48

54
54
54
48

CORE MAKERS.
North A tlantic.
30.56
27.50
25.00
27.78
33.33
33.33
30.56
38.89
30.56
18.00

30.56
27.50
25.00
27.78
33.33
33.33
30.56
38.89
30.56
18.00

30.56
27.50
27.50
27.78
33.33
33.33
30.56
36.11
30.56
20.00

30.56
27.50
27.50
33.33
36.11
36.11
30.56
38.89
30.56
20.00

33.33
27. 5a
27.50
33.33
36.11
38.89
34.44
38.89
30.56
20.00

33.33
27.50
27.50
33.33
36.11
38.89
34.44
41.67
30.56
25.00

54
60
60
54
54
54
54
54
54
60

54
60
60
54
54
54
54
54
54
60

Atlanta, Ga....................................
Baltimore, Md............................... 29.44
Richmond, V a............................... 30.56

29.44
33.78

29.44
33.78

29.44
33.78

30.00
33.33
33.78

30.00
60
33.33 *54* *54* *54* *54* 54
33.78 54 54 54 54 54

60
54
54

36.11
30.56
30.56
25.00
27.50
33.33
30.56
30.56
28.89
33.89

36.11
30.56
30.56
25.00
27.50
33.33
30.56
30.56
28.89
33.89

36.11
30.56
30.56
27.78
27.50
33.33
30.56
30.56
28.89
33.89

38.89
30.56
30.56
36.11
27.50
36.11
30.56
30.56
28.89
33.89

38.89
36.11
36.11
36.11
30.56
36.11
30.56
30.56
36.11
37.22

38.89
36.11
36.11
36.11
32.22
36.11
31.67
32.22
36.11
37.22

54
54
54
60
60
54
54
54
54
54

54
54
54
60
60
54
54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54
60
54
54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54
60
54
54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54
54

30.00
36.11
30.56
30.00
36.11

30.00
36.11
30.56
30.00
36.11

30.00
36.11
30.56
33.33
36.11

30.00
36.11
35.00
36.11
36.11

30.00
36.11
35.00
38.89
36.11

30.00
36.11
35.00
38.89
36.11

60
54
54
54
54

60
54
54
54
54

60
54
54
54
54

60
54
54
54
54

60
54
54
54
54

60
54
54
54
54

41.67

38.89

38.89

38.89

41.67
36.11
45.71
44.44

41.67
36.11
48.49
44.44

41.67 54 54
37.50
41.67 *54* *54*
38.89 54 54
50.00 54 54
44.44 54 54

54

41.67
36.11
44.44
44.44

41.67
37.50
41.67
36.11
50.00
44.44

54

38.89
36.11
44.44
44.44

54
54
54
54
48
54

54
54
54
54
48
54

Boston, Mass..................................
Buffalo, N. Y ................................
Fall River, Mass............................
Manchester, N. H ..........................
Newark, N. J .................................
New York City, N. Y ...................
Philadelphia, Pa...........................
Pittsburgh, Pa..............................
Providence, R . I ...........................
Scranton, Pa..................................

54
60
60
54
54
54
54
54
54
60

South Atlantic.

North Central.
Chicago, 111.....................................
Cincinnati, Ohio............................
Cleveland, Ohio.............................
Detroit, Mich.................................
Indianapolis, Ind..........................
Kansas Citv, Mo............................
Milwaukee' Wis.............................
Minneapolis, Minn........................
Omaha, Nebr.................................
St. Louis, Mo.................................
South Central.
Birmingham, Ala..........................
Dallas, T ex....................................
Little Rock, Ark...........................
Memphis, Tenn.............................
New Orleans, La...........................
Western.
Denver, Colo..................................
Los Angeles, Cal............................
Portland, Oreg...............................
Salt Lake City, Utah....................
San Francisco, Cal........................
Seattle, Wash................................




*54* *54*
54 54
52* 49J
54 54

UNION SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T a b le

95

II.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
MACHINISTS.
Rate of wages per ho ir on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1010

1911

Cents.
30.56
36.11
27.78
25.00
33.33

Cents.
30.56
36.11
27.78
25.00
33.33

Cents.
33.33
38.89
27.78
25.00
33.33

Cents.
38.89
44.44
33.33
32.00
36.11

Cents.
38.89
44.44
33.33
32.00
36.11
33.96

Manufacturing shops.............. 36.11

36.11

36.11

36 11

27.78
43.75

30.00
43.75

33.33
43.75

36 11
43.75

f40.631
36.11 <38.24> 54
137.14J
36.11 38.24 54
43.75 43.75 48

37.50
33.33

37.50
33.33

37.50
33.33

50.00
33. 33

53.13
50.00
33.33

44
53.13
56.25 *48’ *48* *48’ *48* 48
33.33 54 54 54 54 54

44
48
54

30.00

30.00

30.00

35.00

35.00

35.00

54

54

54

54

54

54

27.50
33.33
25.00

27.50
33.33
25.00

27.50
33.33
25.00

27.50
38.89
25.00

27.50
43.75
25.00

27.50
43.75
25.00

55
54
60

55
54
60

55
54
60

55
54
60

55
48
60

55
48
60

30.00
30.00
30.56

32.50
32.00
30.56

32.50
32.00
30.56

32.50
35.50
33.33

35.00
38.00
33.33

35.00
38.00
33.33

60
60
54

60
54
54

60
54
54

60
54
54

60
54
54

60
54
54

27.00
32.00

27.00
32.00

27.00
32.00

27.00
35.50

27.00
38.00

27.00
39.00

60
60

60
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
48

32.50
34.50
34.00

32.50
34.50
34.00

32.50
34.50
34.00

32.50
37.50
37.50

36.50
40.00
37.50

37.50
40.00
40.00

60
54
54

60
54
54

60
54
54

60
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

30.00

30.00

30.00

32.50

35.50

35.50

55

55

55

55

55

55

26.00

26.00

26.00

26.00

27.50

27.50

55

55

55

55

55

55

30.00

30.00

55

55

30.00
36.54
38.00

60
60

60
60

60
54

54
54

55
54
54

55
54
54

40.63

40.63

48

48

48

48

48

48

39.00
45.00

39.00
45.00

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
All-round men........................
Toolmakers............................
Specialists................................
Buffalo, N. Y .................................
Newark, N. J .................................
N aw TTaven, Conn , , ___________
New York City, N. Y .:

Printing-press factories..........
Auto-repair shops...................
Printing machinery repair
shops....................................
Pressroom machinists............
Philadelphia, Pa...........................
Pittsburgh, Pa.: Manufacturing
shops...........................................
Providence, R. I.:
General scale...........................
Breweries................................
Scranton, Pa..................................

Cents.
38.89
44.44
33.33
33.33
36.11
33.96

54
54
54
60
54

54
54
54
60
54

54
54
54
60
54

54
54
54
54
54

54

54

54

54
48

54
48

54
48

54
54
54
54
54
53

54
54
54
54
54
53

(48
54 I51
m
54 51
48 48

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops........................
Baltimore, Md...............................
Charleston, S. C.:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops........................
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, other.............
Richmond, Va.:
Manufacturing shops..............
Locomotive works, general
scale......................................
Locomotive works, all-round
men......................................
Locomotive works, tool and
die makers...........................
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, other.............
Washington, D. C.: Manufactur­
ing shops.....................................

29.00
29.00

29.00
29.00

32.50
32.50

30.00
34.56 36.54
34. 50 38.00

40.63

40.63

40.63

40.53

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
All-round men and specialists
Tool and die makers..............
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Manufacturing shops, all­
round men...........................
Manufacturing shops, tool and
die makers...........................
Manufacturing shops, special­
ists........................................
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, road B ..........
Railroad shops, road C...........
Railroad shops, road D ..........
Railroad shops, road E ..........
Railroad shops, road F ...........
Breweries................................

5653°—13— —
7



49* 49*
49* 49*

30.00

30.00

30.00

30.00

30.00

30.00

55

35.00

35.00

35.00

35.00

35.00

35.00

55

25.00
32.00
32.00
33.50
33.00
32.00
30.00
32.50

25.00
32.00
32.00
33.50
33.00
32.00
30.00
32.50

25.00
32.00
32.00
35.00
33.00
32.00
30.00
35.00

25.00

25.00
36.56
35.00
38.00
34.50
33.50
32.00
35.00

25.00
36.56
35.00
39.00
36.00
33.50
32.00
37.50

55
54
54
54
60
54
60
48

33.no

33.50
35.00
34.50
33.50
30.00
35.00

55

55

55

55

55

55

55

55

55
54
54
54
60
54
60
48

55
54
54
54
60
54
60
48

55
54
54
54
60
54
60
48

55
54
54
54
60
54
60
48

55
54
54
54
60
54
60
48

55

55

98

B U L L E T IN OF T H E BU R E A U OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

II. — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
M A C H IN IST S —Continued.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—
City.

[
1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912
1910 j 1911
!
1
1 .... i

1907

1908

1909

Cents.
36.11
40,00
30.56

Cents.
35.11
40.00
30.56

Cents.
36.11
40.00
30.56

Cents.
36.11
40.00
30.56

37.50

42.50

42.50

33.33
42.S 42.50
O
50.00 50.00

33.33
35.00
50.00

32.50
30.50
30.50
31.00
33.50

32.50
30.50
33.50
31.00
33.50

32.50
30.50
33.50
33.00
33.50

32.50
30.50
33.50
33.00
33.50

35.00
33.50
35.00
35.00
35.00

37.00
40.00
37.00
35.00

37.00
40.00
37.00
35.00

37.00
40.00
37.00
35.00

37.00
40.00
37.00
35.00

45.00
27.50

45.00
27.50

45.00
27.50

45.00
27.50

35.00

37.50

37.50

37.50

33.50
40.00

33.50
40.00

33.50
40.00

33.50
42.00

35.00
34.00

37.00
37.00

30.00
40.00
36.00

North Central—Concluded.
Cleveland, Ohio:
A!?-r<YpTU T iAJ XL
l T T .................
Tool and die makers...............
Specialists..................... , ........
Detroit, Mich.:
All-round men ......................
H (iTimmftrs) ...........
’ ors
Die sinkers..............................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shons, road B ..........
Railroad shops, road C..........
Railroad shops, road D .........
Kansas City, Mo.:
All-round men........................
Tool and die makers..............
Railroad shops......................
Packing houses.......................
Milwaukee, W is.:
Alj-rnim mpn . . . , r_____
rJ
Tool and die makers..............
Specialists...............................
Railroad shops........................
Breweries................................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
All-rouud men........................
Railroad shops.......................
Flour mills ....................
Omaha, Nebr.:
Manufacturing shops.............
Railroad shops........................
Auto-repair shops...................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Manufacturing shops..............
Tool and die makers. _..........
Railroad shops........................
Breweries................................

Hours per week on May 15—

1Cents. ! Cents.
5
! 36.11 j 36.11 54
!
! 40.00 i 40.00 54
30.68 |30.56 54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

55

55

55

55
55

55
55
55

55
55
55

35.00
33.50
35.00
35.00
35.00

50
60
60
54
54

50
60
60
54
54

50
54
60
54
54

50
54
54
54
54

50
54
54
54
54

50
54
54
54
54

37.00
40.00
40.00
35.00

37.00
40.00
40.00
35.00

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54

33.00
45.00
27.50
40.29
42.50

33.00
45.00
27.50
40.29
42.50

55
55

55
55

55
55

55
55

44

44

44

55
55
55
150
44 44

55
55
55
150
44

33.50
42.00
35.00

33.50
42.00
35.00

55
54

55
54

55
54

55
54

40.00
39.00
44.44

40.00 |40.00
40.00 1 40.00
!
44.44 ! 44.44

40.00
40.00
44.44

54
54

54
54

54
54
54

33.00
40.00
36.00

33.00
40.00
36.00

33.00
40.00
39.00

33.00
40.00
39.00
48.00

33.00
40.00
39.00
50.00

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
55

55
54
55

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54.
48

54
54
54
48

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops........................
Dallas, T ex....................................
Little Rock, Ark.:
Manufacturing slions..............
Railroad shops___t ................
Roundhouses.........................
Louisville? ICy.r
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops........................
Memphis, Tenn.:
Manufacturing shops............
Railroad shops......................
New Orleans, La.: Manufactur­
ing shops..................................

27.50

27.50

30.00

30.00

60

60

40.00

40.00

32.50
40.00
40.00

60

40.00

32.50
39.00
40.00

60

40.00

54

54

54.

54

60
54
54

60
54
54

35.00
35.00
35.00

38.00
38.00
38.00

38.00
38 00
38.00

38.00
38.00
38.00

41.00
41.00
41.00

41.00
41.00
41.00

60
60
60

60
60
60

54
54
60

54
54
60

54
54
60

54
54
60

27.50
30.00

27.50
32.-50

27.50
32.50

30.00
32.50

30.00
32.50

30.50
32.50

60
60

60
60

60
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

36.11
33.00

36.11
38.00

37.50
38.00

40.00
41.00

40.00
41.00

40.00
41.00

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

33.33

33.33

38.89

38.89

38.89

38.89

54

54

54

54

54

54

37.50
40.00
40.00

37.50
40.00
40.00

37.50
40.00
40.00

37.50
40.00
40.00

37.50
41.00
40.00

40.00
41.00
40.00

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
48
54

54
48
54

30.00

30.00

30.00

30.00

54

54

47.66

47.65

50.66

4o. 00
40.00
43.00
55.00

54

47.00

45.00
40.00
43.00
55.00

54

54 5 54

54
48
54
48

54
48
54
48

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops, road A ..........
Railroad shops, other............
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Manufacturing shoos..............
Repair shops.........t ...............
Railroad shops........................
Breweries................................




153 hours, January to April and October to December.

j«

54

97

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T a b le

II.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
M ETAL TRADES—Continued.
M ACHINISTS—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Western—^
Concluded.
Portland, Oreg.: Manufacturing
shops...........................................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Manufacturing shops..............
Railroad shops, general scale.
Railroad shops, specialists___
Smelter furnaces.....................
San Francisco, CaL:
All-round men, tool and die
makers.................................
Specialists...............................
Seattle, Wash.:
Manufacturing shops.............
Breweries................................

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
40.00 40.00 40.00 40.00 45.00 45.00 54

54

54

54

48

48

40.00
39.00
20.00

40.00
39.00
24.00

43.00
42.00
25.00

43.00
42.00
25.00
41.67

44.00
43.00
26.00
44.44

44.00
43.00
26.00
44.44

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54
54

48
48
48
54

48
48
48
54

38.89
33.33

38.89
33.33

40.00
34.29

42.42
36.36

43.75
37.50

43.75
37.50

54
54

54
54

m 494 48
52% 49| 48

48
48

40.00
50.00

40.00
50.00

40.00
50.00

40.00
50.00

45.00
60.00

45.00
60.00

54
48

54
48

54
48

54
48

48
48

48
48

54

MOLDERS, IRON.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.: Bench, floor, and
machine......................................
Buffalo, N. Y .: Bench, floor, and
machine......................................
Fall River, Mass.: Bench and
floor............................................
Manchester, N. H.: Bench, floor,
and machine..............................
Newark, N. J.:
Bench......................................
Floor........................................
New York City, N. Y .: Bench
floor, and machine.....................
Philadelphia, Pa.: Bench, floor,
and machine..............................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Bench, floor, and machine_
_
Machine, hollow ware............
Providence, R. I.: Bench, floor,
and machine..............................
Scranton, Pa.:
Bench and floor, stoves and
heaters..................................
Bench and floor (machinery).

33.33

33.33

33.33

36.11

36.11

36.11

54

54

54

54

54

28.00

28.00

30.00

30.00

30.00

30.00

60

60

60

60

60

60

25.00

25.00

27.50

27.50

27.50

27.50

60

60

60

60

60

60

29.44

29.44

36.11

36.11

36.11

36.11

54

54

54

54

54

54

33.33
36.11

33.33
36.11

33.33
36.11

36.11
38.89

36.13
38,89

36.11
38.89

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54
50

36.11

36.11

36.11

38.89

38.89

38.89

54

54

54

54

54

32.22

32.22

32.22

32.22

36.11

36.11

54

54

54

54

54

54

38.89

38.89

36.11

38.89
41.67

38.89
41.67

41.67
41.67

54

54

54

54
54

54
54

54
54

30.56

30.56

30.56

30.56

30.56

30.56

54

54

54

54

54

54

36.11
25.00

36.11
25.00

36.11
25.00

36.11
25.00

36.11
25.00

36.11
25.00

54
60

54
60

54
60

54
60

54
60

54
60

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.: Bench and floor___
Baltimore, Md.: Bench, floor, and
machine................... . ................
Richmond, Va.:
Bench, floor, and machine
Bench and machine, railroad
shops.............. .....................
Floor, railroad shops..............
Washington, D. C.: Bench and
floor............................................

30.00

32.50

32.50

35.00

35.00

35.00

60

60

60

60

60

60

32.22

32.22

32.22

32.22

36.11

36.11

54

54

54

54

54

54

48.75

48.75

48.75

48.75

48

48

48

48

39.44
39.44

42.78
42.78

42.78
42.78

42.78
42.78

42.78
42.78

42.78
42.78

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

30.56

30.56

30.56

30.56

30.56

30.56

54

54

54

54

54

54

Chicago, 111.: Bench, floor, ma­
chine, and stove........................ 36.11
Cincinnati, Ohio: Bench, floor,
and stove.................................... 35.56
Cleveland, Ohio: Bench and floor. 33.33

36.11

36.11

38.89

38.89

38.89

54

54

54

54

54

54

35.56
33.33

35.56
33.33

35.56
36.11

36.11
36.11

36.11
36.11

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

North Central.




98

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b le

II.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Continued.
MOLDERS, IRON—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

North Central—Concluded.
Detroit, Mich.:
Bench, floor, and machine
(stoves)................................
Bench and floor (machinery).
Bench and floor (malleable
iron).....................................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Bench......................................
Floor........................................
Machine..................................
Kansas City, Mo.: Bench, floor,
and machine..............................
Milwaukee, Wis.: Bench, floor,
machine, and stove...................
Minneapolis, Minn.: Bench and
floor............................................
Omaha, Nebr.: Bench, floor, and
machine......................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Bench......................................
Floor.......................................

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
34.72 34.72 34.72 34.72 36.11 36.67
30.00 30.00 33.33 36.11 36.11 36.11

54
60

54
60

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

28.50

26.00

28.50

32.50

32.50

32.50

60

60

60

55

55

55

30.50
32.50
26.50

30.50
32.50
26.50

30.50
32.50
26.50

30.50
32.50
26.50

33.89
36.11
29.44

35.56
36.11
31.11

60
60
60

60
60
60

60
60
60

60
60
60

54
54
54

54
54
54

33.33

33.33

33.33

36.11

36.11

36.11

54

54

54

54

54

54

36.11

36.11

36.11

36.11

36.11

36.11

54

54

54

54

54

54

35.00

35.00

35.00

35.00

35.00

36.67

54

54

54

54

54

54

34.44

34.44

34.44

34.44

36.67

36.67

54

54

54

54

54

54

33.89
35.00

33.89
35.00

33.89
35.00

33.89
35.00

37.22
37.22

37.22
37.22

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

30.00

30.00

30.00

30.00

30.00

30.00

60

60

60

60

60

60

36.11

36.11

36.11

36.11

36.11

36.11

54

54

54

54

54

54

36.11
30.50

36.11
30.50

36.11
30.50

38.89
32.50

38.89
32.50

38.89
32.50

54
60

54
60

54
60

54
60

54
60

54
60

33.33

33.33

36.11

36.11

38.89

38.89

54

54

54

54

54

54

36.11

36.11

36.11

36.11

36.11

36.11

54

54

54

54

54

54

41.67

44.44

44.44

54

54

54

54

54

54

37.50

37.50

37.50

54

54

54

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.: Bench, floor,
and machine..............................
Dallas, Tex.: Bench, floor, and
machine......................................
Little Rock, Ark.: Bench and
floor.............................................
Louisville, K y.: Bench................
Memphis, Tenn.: Bench, floor,
ana machine..............................
New Orleans, La.: Bench and
floor............................................

*
•

Western.
Denver, Colo.: Bench, floor, and
machine......................................
Los Angeles, Cal.: Bench, floor,
and machine..............................
Portland, Oreg.: Bench, floor,
and machine..............................
Salt Lake City, Utah: Bench,
floor, and machine....................
San Francisco, Cal.: Bench, floor,
and machine..............................
Seattle, Wash.: Bench, floor, and
machine......................................

44.44

41.67

41.67

38.89

41.67

41.67

41.67

41.67

41.67

54

54

54

54

54

54

41.67

41.67

41.67

41.67

41.67

41.67

54

54

54

54

54

54

44.44

44.44

45.71

48.48

50.00

50.00

54

54

52* 49* 48

48

44.44

44.44

44.44

44.44

44.44

44.44

54

54

54

54

54

54

PATTERN M AKERS, WOOD.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.....................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Manufacturing shops..
Jobbing shops............ .
Newark, N. J.:
Manufacturing shops..
Jobbing shops.............
New Haven, Conn............
New York City, N. Y .:
Architectural work....
Jobbing shops.............
Philadelphia, Pa...............
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Manufacturing shops..
Jobbing shops..
'I.
Providence, R . I ..




39.00

39.00

40.00

40.00

40.00

40.00

54

54

54

54

54

54

40.00
, 45.00

40.00
45.00

40.00
45.00

40.00
47.50

40.00
47.50

40.00
47.50

60
60

60
60

60
60

55
54

55
54

55
54

44.44
53.13

44.44
53.13

44.44
53.13

44.44
53.13

44.44
53.13
37.70

44.44
53.13
35.15

49* 49* 49* 49* 49*
44 44 44 44 44
53

49
44
53

41.67
. 48.48
35.00

41.67
48.48
35.00

47.22
48.48
35.00

47.22
51.52
35.00

47.22
51.52
37.50

51.00
53.13
37.50

49* 49* 49* 49* 49*
46* 46* 46* 46* 46*
50 50 50 50 50

50
44
50

40.00
45.00
25.00

40.00
45.00
40.00

40.00
45.00
40.00

40.00
45.00
40.00

40.00
45.00
40.00

42.00
45.00
40.00

54
54
60

54
54
55

54
54
55

54
54
55

54
54
55

54
54
55

99

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T able

II.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
METAL TRADES—Concluded.
P A T T E R N M A K E R S , W O O D —Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 19071908 1909 1910 19111912

South Atlantic.
Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
32.50 32.50 35.00 35.00 37.50 37.50
30.56 30.56 30.56 30.56 38.89 38.89 54

Atlanta, Ga___
Baltimore, Md.
North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Manufacturing shops..
Jobbing shops.............
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Manufacturing shops..
Jobbing shops.............
Cleveland, Ohio:
Manufacturing shops..
Jobbing shops.............
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Manufacturing shops..
Jobbing shops.............
Kansas City, Mo.:
Manufacturing shops..
Jobbing shops.............
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Manufacturing shops..
Jobbing shops.............
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Manufacturing shops..
Jobbing shops.............
Railroad shops............
St. Louis, Mo.:
Manufacturing shops..
Jobbing shops.............
Railroad shops............

54

54
44

54
44

35.00
42.00

55
50

55
50

40.00
42.50

42.50
44.00

54
50

54
50

40.00
45.00

40.00
47.50

42.50
50.00

54
50

54
50

35.00

37.50

40.00
42.50

40.00
42.50

35.00
40.00

35.00
40.00

37.00
45.00

37.00
45.00

37.00
45.00

55 55
49* 49*

35.00
37.50
35.00

35.00
37.50
35.00

35.00
37.50
35.00

38.00
40.00
40.00

38.00
40.00
40.00

48.00
42.00
40.00

55 55
!49£ 1494
49*

40.00
45.00
30.00

40.00
45.00
30.00

43.50
48.00
30.00

45.00
55.00
34.50

48.00
55.00
34.50

48.00
55.00
36.00

50
54
54

37.50
42.50
33.33

35.00
42.50
36.11

35.00
42.50
36.11

35.00
45.00
36.11

35.00
45.00
36.11

35.00
45.00
36.11

40.00
37.00
40.00
41.67
55.56
45.00

40.00
37.00
40.00
41.67
55.56
45.00

40.00
37.00
50.00
41.67
57.14
45.00

40.00
37.00
50.00
41.67
60.61
45.00

45.00
39.00
50.00
41.67
62.50
45.00

45.00
39.00
53.00
41.67
62.50
45.00

40.00
50.00

42.50
50.00

45.00
50.00

47.50
53.00

47.50
56.25

47.50
56.25

35.00
42.00

35.00
42.00

35.00
42.00

35.00
42.00

35.00
42.00

37.50
40.00

37.50
40.00

37.50
40.00

40.00
42.50

35.00
42.50

37.50
42.50

37.50
42.50

32.50

32.50

34.00
40.00

54

54 54
49i 491

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.
Memphis, T enn...
New Orleans, L a ..
Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Jobbing shops..
Railroad shops.
Los Angeles, Cal___
Portland, Oreg.......
San Francisco, C al.,
Seattle, Wash.........

PRINTING TRADES: Book and Job.
BOOKBINDERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Cutters, sheet, stock............
37.50 37.50
Finishers—
50.00 50.00
Printed work................
Blank work...................
41.67 41.67
Forwarders—
41.67 41.67
Extra job, blank work.
37.50 37.50
Stock, blank work........
43.75 43.75
Printed work................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Forwarders—
Grade A .........................
31.48 35.42 35.42 35.42 39.58 39.58 54
28.70 32.29 32.29 32.29 34.38 33.33 54
Grade B .........................
154 hours January to April and September to December.




48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48

48
48

48
48
48

48
48

48
48

100
T a b le

BULLETIN OF THE BUEEAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
II.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
PRINTING TRA D E S: B ook and J o b —Continued.
B O O K B IN D E R S—Continued.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—
City.
1907

1808

1909

1910

1911

Horn’s per week on May 15—

1
|
[
1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

North Atlantic—Concluded.
Newark, N. J.:
Cutters—
Large machine.................
Small machine.................
Forwarders—
Blank work, grade A .......
Blank work, grade B .......
Printed work...................
Rulers—
First class...... ..................
Second class......................
New York, N. Y .:
Finishers.................................
Forwarders—
Blank and general work..
General work, machine
man...............................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Cutters.....................................
Cutters, stock..........................
Cutters, trimmer and paper
stock.....................................
Finishers—
Full binding.....................
Half binding.....................
Job....................................
P la in ..............................
Forwarders—
Cloth.................... ............
Extra .
Half binding....................
Job, full binding..............
Stock, full binding...........
Rulers......................................
Scranton, Pa.:
Forwarders—
Blank w ork.....................
Printed work...................

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
33.33 33.33 41.67 41.67 41.67 41.67 54
31.48 31.48 37.50 37.50 37.50 37.50 54

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

33.33
27.78
31.48

33.33
27.7S
31.48

43.75
37.50
37.50

43. 75
37.50
37.50

43.75
37.50
37.60

43. 75
37.50
37.50

54
54
54

54
54
54

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

33.33
31.48

33.33
31.48

43.75
37.50

43.75
37.50

43.75
37.50

43.75
37.50

54
54

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

42.59

47.82

47.92

47.72

47.92

47.92

54

48

48

48

48

48

33.33

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

54

48

48

48

48

48

38.89

43.75

43.75

43.75

43.75

43.75

54

48

48

48

43

48

27.78
29.63

31.25
33.33

33.33
33.33

33.33
33.33

33.33
35.42

33.33
35.42

54
54

48
4S

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

29.63

33.33

33.33

33.33

37.50

37.50

54

48

48

48

48

48

31.48
29.63
35.19
83 33

35.42
33.33
39.58
39.58

35.42 •35.42
33.33 33.33
39.58 39.58
39.58 39.58

39.58
37.50
43.75
39.58

39.58
37.50
43.75
39.58

54
54
54
54

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

29.63
3" 19
25.93
31.48
29.63
29.63

35.42
43.75
29.17
35.42.
33.33
33.33

35.42
43.75
29.17
35.42
33.33
33.33

35.42
43.75
29.17
37.50
33.33
33.33

35.42
43. 75
33.33
39.58
35.42
33.33

35.42
43.75
33.33
39.58
35.42
35.42

54
54
54
54
54
54

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

25.00
25.93

28.13
29.17

33.33
33.33

33.33
35.42

37.50
41.67

37.50
41.67

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

52

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Forwarders, cutters, finishers,
and rulers.............................
Baltimore, MU.:
Forwarders, general work___
Finishers and forwarders,
printed and blank work___
Washington, D. C.:
Cutters, finishers, forwarders,
and rulers, blank and
printed work........................

31.73

31.73

34.62

34.62

34.62

34.62

52

52

52

52

52

27.78

27.78

27.78

31.25

31.25

31.25

54

54

54

48

48

48

33.33

33.33

33.33

37.50

37.50

37.50

54

54

54

48

48

48

33.33

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

54

48

48

43

43

48

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Cutters....................................
Cutters, fmishers, and for­
warders, blank work...........
Finishers and forwarders,
printed work........................
Rulers......................................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Finishers, and forwarders,
blank work.........................
Forwarders, blank w ork.___
Cleveland, Ohio:
Cutters.....................................
Forwarders—
Blank work......................
Printed work....................




33.33

37.50

37.50

40.63

40.63

40.63

54

48

48

48

48

48

33.33

37.50

37.50

37.50

40.63

40.63

54

48

48

48

48

48

36.11
36.11

42.71
40.63

42.71
40.63

42.71
43.75

42.71
43.75

42.71
43.75

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

38.89

43.75

43.75

43.75

43.75

43.75

54

48

48

48

48

48

27.78
33.33

31.25
37.50

31.25
37.50

31.25
37.50

31.25
37.50

31.25
37.50

54
54

48
48

48
48

4.8 48
43 48

48
48

27.78

31.25

31.25

31.25

31.25

31.25

54

48

48

48

48

48

33.33
27.78

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LAB OB, 1907 TO 1912. 1 0 1
T a b le

II.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
PRIN TING TRADES: B ook and J ob —Continued.
B O O K B IN D E R S—Continued.

—
---------------------------------- = =:---Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908:i90S•
1910H911 1912

North Central—Concluded.
Detroit, Mich.:
Cutters, forwarders blank
and printed work, and
rulers....................................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Ali classifications....................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Cutters.....................................
Cutters and machine opera­
tors .......................................
Finishers
First class.........................
Second class......................
Forwarders—
First class.........................
Second class......................
Rulers......................................
Rulers, first class....................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Cutters.....................................
Forwarders—
Blank work......................
Printed work....................
Rulers......................................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Cutters.....................................
Finishers.................................
Forwarders, p r i n t e d and
blank work..........................
Rulers......................................
Omaha, Nebr.:
Cutters.....................................
Finishers and rulers................
Forwarders—
First class.........................
Second class......................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Cutters....................................
Finishers—
First class.........................
Second class......................
Forwarders—
First class.........................
Printed work...................
Rulers—
First class.........................
Second class......................

Cents. Cents.
29.63 33.33

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
33.33 33.33 33.33 33.33 54

48

48

48

48

48

34.07

34.07

54

54

54

54

48

48
48

34.07

34.07

41.67

41.67

27.78

31.25

35.42

35.42

35.42

35.42

54

48

48

48

48

25.00

28.13

35.42

37.50

37.50

37.50

54

48

48

48

48

48

29.63
27.78

33.33
31.25

37.50
33.33

37.50
33.33

37.50
33.33

37.50
33.33

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

29.63
27. 78
27.78
29.63

33.33
31.25
31.25
33.33

37.50
33.33
33.33
37.50

37.50
33.33
33.33
37.50

37.50
33.33
33.33
37.50

37.50
33.33
33.33
37.50

54
54
54
54

48
48
48
48

48
43
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
43
48
48

48
48
48
48

27.78

27. 78

31.25

31.25

35.42

35.42

54

54

48

48

48

48

25.93
22.22
31.48

25.93
22.22
31.48

29.17
25.00
35.42

29.17
25.00
35.42

29.17
25.00
35.42

29.17
25.00
35.42

54
54
54

54
54
54

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

25.00
34.48

25.00
34.48

27.55
38.00

27.55
38.00

27.55
38.00

27.55
38.00

54
54

54
54

49
49

49
49

49
49

49
49

30.96
34.48

30.96
34.48

34.12
38.00

34.12
38.00

34.12
38.00

34.12
38.00

54
54

54
54

49
49

49
49

49
49

49
49

29.63
33.33

29.63
33.33

29.63
33.33

29.63
33.33

29.63
33.33

29.63
33.33

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

33.33
29.63

33.33
29.63

33.33
29.63

33.33
29.63

33.33
29.63

33.33
29.63

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

54
54

31.48

35.42

35.42

35.42

37.50

39.58

54

48

48

48

48

48

38.89
33.33

43.75
37.50

43.75
37.50

43.75
37.50

45.83
41.67

47.92
43.75

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

35.19
29.63

39.58
33.33

39.58
33.33

39.58
33.33

39.58
37.50

39.58
39.58

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

33.33
27.78

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

43.75
38.54

44.79
39.58

54
54

48
48

43
48

43
48

48
48

48
48

South Central.
Dallas, Tex.:
Cutters, finishers, forwarders,
and rulers, blank work.......
Little Hock, Ark.:
Cutters....................................
Finishers, forwarders, and
rulers, blank work...............
New Orleans, La.:
Cutters....................................
Finishers.................................
Forwarders.............................
Rulers.....................................

33.33

33.33

33.33

37.50

37.50

37.50

54

54

54

48

48

48

29.63

33.33

33.33

33.33

33.33

33.33

54

48

48

48

48

48

33.33

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

54

48

48

48

48

48

31.25
37.50
37.50
37.50

31.25
37.50
37.50
37.50

31.25
37.50
37.50
37.50

31.25
37.50
37.50
37.50

31.25
37.50
37.50
37.50

31.25
37.50
37.50
37.50

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

Denver, Colo.:
Cutters, finishers, forwarders,
and rulers, printed and
blank work.......................... 37.50

37.50

41.67

41.67

45.83

47.92

48

48

48

48

48

48

Western.




102

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e I I . — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
PRINTING TRADES: B ook and J ob —Continued.
B O O K B IN D E R S—Concluded.
Rale of wages per hour on May 15—
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

[Hours per week on May 15—

!
1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Western—Concluded.
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Cutters and folding-machine
operators..............................
Finishers and forwarders.......
Rulers......................................
Portland, Oreg.:
Forwarders, blank work........
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Finishers and forwarders.......
San Francisco, Cal.:
Finishers and forwarders,
blank work..........................
Forwarders, law work...........
Seattle, Wash.:
Cutters, finishers, forwarders.
and rulers, printed ana
blank work..........................

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
33.33 33.33 33.33 33.33 37.50 37.50 54
36.11 36.11 36.11 36.11 40.63 40.63 54
40.63

54
54

54
54

54
54

48
48

48
48
48

33.33

40.63

40.63

43.75

43.75

43.75

54

48

48

48

48

48

33.33

43.75

43.75

43.75

43.75

43.75

54

48

48

48

48

48

43.75
43.75

43.75
43.75

43.75
43.75

43.75
43.75

46.88
43.75

50.00
50.00

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

43.75

43.75

43.75

43.75

43.75

46.8S

48

48

48

48

48

48

COMPOSITORS: Book and Job.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass....................
Buffalo, N. Y ...................
Fall River, Mass..............
Manchester, N. H ............
Newark, N. J....................
New Haven, Conn...........
New York, N. Y .:
English union............
Bohemian union........
German union...........
Hebrew union...........
Hungarian union___
Italian union..............
Philadelphia, Pa..............
Pittsburgh, Pa.................
Providence, R . I ..............
Scranton, Pa.....................

37.50
37.50
27.08
28.13
39.58
34.38

37.50
37.50
33.33
31.25
41.67
34.38

37.50
37.50
33.33
31.25
43.75
34.38

39.58
37.50
33.33
31.25
43.75
34.38

41.67
39.58
33.33
31.25
43.75
38.54

41.67
39.58
33.33
33.33
45.83
40.63

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

43.75
35.42
45.83
39.13
31.25
35.42
37.50
33.33
33.33
37.50

43.75
35.42
45.83
45.65
31.25
35.42
37.50
33.33
33.33
37.50

43.75
35.42
45.83
45.65
31.25
35.42
37.50
33.33
33.33
37.50

45.88
37.50
47.92
45.65
33.33
37.50
37.50
35.42
33.33
39.58

45.88
37.50
47.92
45.65
35.42
37.50
37.50
37.50
35.42
39.58

47.88
37.50
52.27
52.17
42.22
37.50
37.50
39.58
37.50
43.75

48
48
48
46
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
46
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
46
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
46
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
46
48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
44
46
45
48
48
48
48
48

31.25
32.08
33.33
37.50
33.33
37.50

31.25
32.08
33.33
37.50
33.33
37.50

34.38
32.08
33.33
37.50
33.33
37.50

34.38
35.42
33.33
37.50
33.33
37.50

34.38
37.50
33.33
37.50
33.33
37.50

34.38
37.50
33.33
37.50
33.33
40.00

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

40.63
38.54
40.63
36.46
37.50

40.63
40.63
40.63
36.46
37.50

40.63
40.63
40.63
36.46
37.50

43.75
44.00
46.88
36.46
37.50

46.88
44.00
46.88
41.67
37.50

46.88
46.08
46.88
41.67
37.50

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

37.50
22.22
35.42

37.50
22.22
35.42

37.50
25.93
35.42

37.50
25.93
35.42

37.50
25.93
35.42

39.58
31.11
38.54

48
54
48

48
54
48

48
54
48

48
54
48

48
54
48

48
45
48

39.58
33.33
35.42

39.58
33.33
37.50

39.58
36.25
37.50

39.58
39.58
37.50

39.58
39.58
39.58

41.67
39.58
39.58

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48- 48
48 48
48 48

48
48
48

35.42
, 33.33

37.50
33.33

37.50
35.42

39.58
37.50

39.58
37.50

39.58
37.50

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga......................
Baltimore, Md..................
Charleston. S. C...............
Jacksonville, Fla..............
Richmond, Va.................
Washington, D. C ............
North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
English union............
Bohemian union.......
German union...........
Polish union..............
Cincinnati, Ohio..............
Cleveland, Ohio:
English union............
Hungarian union.......
Detroit, Mich....................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
English union............
German union...........
Kansas City, M o.......
Milwaukee, Wis.:
English union............
German union...........




48
48

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912. 1 0 3
T able

II.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
PRIN TING TRADES: B ook and Job —Continued.
C O M P O S IT O R S : B o o k an d Job—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 1 5 -

Hours per week on May 15—

yjiiy.
1907
North Central—Concluded.
Minneapolis, Minn.........................
Omaha, Nebr.................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
English union.........................
German union........................

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
37.50 37.50 37.50 37.50 41.67 41.67 48
37.50 37.50 37.50 37.50 37.50 37.50 48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

38.00
38.00

38.00
38.00

38.00
38.00

41.67
41.67

42.71
41.67

43.75
41.67

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

37.50
41.67
37.50

37.50
41.67
37.50

37.50
41.67
37.50

37.50
45.83
37.50

40.63
45.83
37.50

40.63
45.83
37.50

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

34.38
31.25
36.33
39.58

34.38
31.25
36.33
39.58

34.38
31.25
36.33
40.63

34.38
31.25
40.00
41.67

34.38
31.25
40.00
41.67

34.38
31.25
40.00
41.67

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

45.83
41.67
50.00
45.83
50.00
50.00

45.83
41.67
50.00
45.83
50.00
50.00

45.83
41.67
50.00
45.83
50.00
50.00

45.83
41.67
50.00
48.96
50.00
50.00

52.08
41.67
53.13
50.00
50.00
53.13

53.13
43.75
53.13
50.00
50.00
53.13

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

4-8
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

54
48

54
48

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala..........................
Dallas, T ex....................................
Little Rock, Ark...........................
Louisville, Ky.:
English union.........................
German union.........................
Memphis, Tenn.............................
New Orleans, La...........................
Western.
Denver, Colo..................................
Los Angeles, Cal............................
Portland, Oreg..............................
Salt Lake City, Utah....................
San Francisco, Cal........................
Seattle, Wash................................

ELECTROTYPERS: Battery men and Builders.
North Atlantic.
33.33
37.50

33.33
37.50

33.33
37.50

37.50
37.50

37.50
37.50

41.67
37.50

48
48

48
48

48
48

22.22
25.93
43.75
29.63

22.22
25.93
43.75
29.63

22.22
25.93
43.75
29.63

22.22
25.93
43.75
37.50

22.22
25.93
50.00
37.50

22.22 54 54 54 54
25.93 54 54 54 54
50.00 *44 144 144 144
37.50 54 54 54 48

54
54
44
48

54
54
44
48

22.22
27. 78
33.33

Boston, Mass...............
Buffalo, N. Y ..............
New Haven, Conn.:
Batterymen..........
Builders................
New York City, N. Y .
Philadelphia, Pa.........
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Batterymen..........
Builders................
Scranton, Pa...............

27.78
30.56
33.33

27.78
30.56
33.33

27.78
30.56
33.33

29.41
32.35
33.33

31.25
34.38
37.50

54
54
48

51
51
48

48
48
48

31.25

31.25

31.25

48

48

48

54
48

54
54
48

54
54
48

54
54
48

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.....................
North Central.
Chicago, 111.............
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Batterymen—
Builders...........
Cleveland, Ohio:
Batterymen___
Builders...........
Detroit, Mich.........
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Batterymen—
Builders...........
Kansas City, M o ...
Milwaukee, W is___
Minneapolis, Minn.
Omaha, Nebr.........
St. Louis, M o.........

33.33

33.33

33.33

37.50

37.50

37.50

48

48

48

48

48

48

25.00
31.25

25.00
31.25

25.00
31.25

25.00
31.25

25.00
31.25

31.25
35.42

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

22.22
22.22
24.51

22.22
22.22
24.51

22.22
22.22
24.51

29.63
27.78
24.51

33.33
31.25
26.04

33.33
31.25
26.04

54
54
51

54
54
51

54
54
51

54
54
51

48
48
48

48
48
48

27.08
31.25
43.75
28.13
20.00
37.50
30.00

31.25
34.38
43.75
28.13
27.78
37.50
30.00

31.25
34.38
43.75
31.25
27.78
37.50
30.00

54
54
54
54
60
54
50

54
54
48
48
60
48
50

48
48
48
48
60
48
50

48
48
48
48
60
48
50

48
48
48
48
54
48
50

48
48
48
48
54
48
50

24.07 24.07 27.08
27.78 27.78 31.25
33.33 37.50 37.50
22.22 25.00 25.00
20.00 20.00 20.00
33.33 37.50 37.50
26.00 26.00 30.00
148 hours, January to April and




September to December.

104
T a b le

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
II.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
PRIN TING TRADES? B ook and J ob —Continued.
E L E C T R O T Y P E R S : Battery m e n an d Builders—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

lours per week on May 15—

City.
1907
South Central.

1808

1909

1910

1911

1912 1S07 1908 1909 1910 19111912

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
52.08 52.08 52.08 52.08 52.08 52.08
37.50 37.50 43.75 43.75 43.75 43.75 48

Memphis. T enn ...
New Orleans, La..

48
48

Western.
33.33
43. 75
46. 8S
50.00
46.88

Denver, Colo................
Los Angeles, Cal.........
Portland, Oreg............
San Francisco, Cal___
Seattle, Wash..............

33.33
43. 75
46. 88
50.00
47.92

33.33
50.00
46.88
50.00
47.92

33.33
50.00
50.00
50.00
52.08

33.33
50.00
50.00
53.13
52.08

33.33
50.00
50.00
56.25
52.08

48
48
48
48
48

48

EL E C T R O T Y P E R S: Finishers.
North Atlantic.
41.67
41.67
33.33
56.25
33.33
33.33
37.50

41.67
41.67
33.33
56.25
33.33
38.89
37.50

41.67
43. 75
33.33
56.25
33.33
38.89
37.50

46.88
43.75
33.33
56.25
37.50
38.89
37.50

46.88
43.75
33.33
62.50
41.67
41.18
37.50

50.00 54 54 54 48
43.75 48 48 48 48
33.33 54 54 54 54
62.50 144 144 *44 144
41.67 54 54 54 48
43.75 54 54 54 54
41.67 48 48 48 48

48
48
54
44
48
51
48

48
48
54
44
48
48
48

. 50.00

50.00

50.00

45.83
54.55

45.83
54.55

45.83
54.55

48

48

48

48
44

48
44

. 45.83
. 37.50
33.33
. 35.29
36.11
33.33
. 33.33
30. G
O
. 33.33
39.00

45.83
37.50
33.33
35.29
36.11
37.50
37.50
30.00
37.50
39.00

45.83
37.50
33.33
35.29
40.63
37.50
37.50
30.00
37.50
42.00

45.83
37.50
37.04
35.29
40.63
43.75
40.63
30.00
37.50
42.00

45.83
37.50
41.67
37.50
43.75
43.75
40.63
36.11
37.50
42.00

45.83
43.75
41.67
37.50
43.75
43.75
43.75
36.11
37.50
42.00

48
48
54
51
54
54
54
60
54
50

48
48
54
51
54
48
48
60
48
50

48 48 48
48 48 48
54 54 48
51 51 48
48 48 48
48 48 48
48 48 48
60 60 54
48 48 48
50 50 50

48
48
48
48
48
48
48
54
48
50

. 52.08
37.50

52.08
37.50

37.50
52.08
43.75

37.50
52.08
43.75

37.50
52.08
43.75

37.50
52.08
43.75

48
48

48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

43.75
43.75
. 46.88
. 50.00
46.88

43.75
43.75
46.88
50.00
47.92

43.75
50.00
46.88
50.00
47.92

43.75
50.00
50,00
50.00
52.08

43.75
50.00
50.00
53.13
52.08

43.75
50.00
50.00
56.25
52.08

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

50.00 54 54 54 48
43.75 48 48 48 48
33,33 54 54 54 54
62.50 144 144 i 44 144
45.83 54 54 54 48
50.00 54 54 54 54
45.83 48 48 48 48

48
48
54
44
48
51
48

48
48
54
44
48
48
48

Boston, Mass..........
Buffalo, N. Y .........
New Haven, Conn.
New York, N. Y . . .
Philadelphia, P a ...
Pittsburgh, Pa.......
Scranton, Pa..........
South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.......... .
Washington, D. C.

48
44

North Central.
Chicago, 111.. .........
Cincinnati, Ohio. . .
Cleveland, Ohio—
Detroit, Mich.........
Indianapolis, I n d ..
Kansas City, M o ...
Milwaukee, W is—
Minneapolis, Minn.
Omaha, Nebr.........
St. Louis, Mo.........
South Central.
Dallas, T ex.........
Memphis, Tenn..
New Orleans, La..
Western.
Denver, Colo..............
Los Angeles, Cal.......
Portland, Oreg..........
San Francisco, Cal...
Seattle, Wash............

1

E L E C T R O T Y P E R S : M olders.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.................................
Buffalo, N. Y ................................
New Haven, Conn........................
New York City, N. Y ...................
Philadelphia, Pa...........................
Pittsburgh, Pa...............................
Scranton, Pa..................................
148 hours,




44.44
41.67
33.33

44.44 44.44
41. 87 43. 75
33.33 33.33
56.25 56.25
37.04 37.04 37.04
38.89 44.44 44.44
43.75 43.75 43.75
January to April and

50.00
43. 75
33. 33
56.25
41.67
44.44
43.75

50.00
43.75
33.33
62.50
45, 83
47.06
43.75

September to December.

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912. 1 0 5
T able

II.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
PRIN TING TRADES: B ook and J ob —Continued.
E L E C T R O T Y P E R S : M olders—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907
South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.......... .
Washington, D. C..

1910

1908

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 19111912

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
45.83 45.83 45.83
50.00 50.00 50.00 54.55 54.55 54.55

48

48

48

44

North Central.
Chicago, 111.....................
Cincinnati, Ohio.............
Cleveland, Ohio..............
Detroit, Mich..................
Indianapolis, Ind...........
Kansas City, M o............
Milwaukee, W is.............
Minneapolis, Minn.........
Omaha, Mebr.................
St. Louis, M o..................

52.08
43. 75
33. 33
35.29
36.11
33.33
33.33
30.00
38. 89
42.00

52.08
43. 75
33.33
35.29
36. II
37.50
37.50
30.00
43.75
42.00

52.08 52.08
43. 75 43.75
33.33 38.89
35.29 35.29
40.63 40.63
37.50 43. 75
37.50 40.63
30.00 30.00
43.75 43.75
44.00 44.00

52.08
43. 75
43.75
S7.50
45.83
43. 75
40. 63
36.11
43.75
44.00

52.08
47.92
43. 75
37.50
45.83
43.75
43.75
36.11
43. 76
44.00

52.08
37.50

52.08
37.50

41.67
52.08
43.75

41.67
52.08
43.75

41.67
52.08
43.75

41.67
52.08
43.75

52.08
43.75
46.88
50.00
46.88

52.08
43.75
46.88
50.00
47.92

52.08
50.00
46.88
50.00
47.92

52.08
50.00
50.00
50.00
52.08

52.08
50.00
50.00
53.13
52.08

52.08
50.00
50.00
56.25
52.08

South Central.
Dallas, T e x .. ___
Memphis, Tenn...
New Orleans, La..
W estern.
Denver, Colo...................
Los Angeles, Cal.............
Portland, Oreg...............
San Francisco, Cal.........
Seattle, Wash.................

48

LIN OTYPE O PE R ATO R S.
North Atlantic
Boston, Mass.................
Buffalo, N. Y ................
Newark, N. J ................
New Haven, Conn........
New York, N. Y .:
English union.........
German union........
Hebrew union........
Hungarian union...
Philadelphia, Pa..........
Pittsburgh, Pa..............
Providence, R. I ..........
Scranton, Pa.................

41.67
42. 71
39.58
45.83

41.67
42. 71
41.67
45.83

41.67
42. 71
43.75
45.83

43.75
42.71
43.75
45.83

45.83
47.92
43.75
45.83

45.83
50.00
45.83
45.83

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

47.88
54. 88
70.83
37.50
41. 67
45.83
33.33
41.67

47.88
54.88
72.22
37.50
41. 67
45.83
33.33
41.67

47.88
54.88
73.61
41.67
41.67
45.83
33.33
41.67

50.00
57.32
75.00
41.67
41.67
45.83
33.33
43.75

50.00
57.32
75.00
41.67
41.67
45.83
35.42
43.75

52.13
oo. <3
j
77.78
48.89
41.67
47.92
47.92
45.83

48
41
36
48
48
48
48
48

48
41
36
48
48
48
48
48

48
41
36
48
48
48
48
48

48
41
36
48
48
48
48
48

48
41
36
48
48
48
48
48

48
37J
36
45
48
48
48
48

43.75
43. 75
37.50
37.50
50.00

43.75
43.75
37.50
37.50
50.00

43.75
43.75
37.50
37.50
50.00

43.75
43.75
37.50
37.50
50.00

43.75
46.88
43.75
41.67
50.00

43.75
46.88
43.75
41.67
50.00

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

50.00
50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00
50.00

50.00
55.00
50.00

50.00
55.00
50.00

50.00
55.00
50.00

50.00
56,00
50.00

48
38
48

48
38
48

48
36
48

48
36
48

48
38
48

48
36
48

45.83
43.75

45.83
43.75

45.83
43.75

45.83
43.75

45.83
43.75

45.83
43. 75

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48.44
27.78

48.44
33.33

48.44
33.33

48.44
37.04

48.44
37.04

53.75
47.78

48
54

48
54

48
54

48
54

48
54

43
45

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga...................
Baltimore, M d..............
Jacksonville, Fla..........
Richmond, V a..............
Yv ashington, D. C........
North Central.
Chicago. 111.:
English union........
Bohemian union...
German union.......
Cincinnati, Ohio:
English union........
German union........
Cleveland, Ohio:
English union........
Hungarian union...




106
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
I I .—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
PRINTING TRADES: B ook and Job—Continued.
LIN O TY P E O P E R A T O R S —Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—
City.

Hours per week on May 15—

i
1
[
!
1912 19071908 1909 1910 1911 1912

1907
North Central—Concluded.
Detroit, Mich.........
Indianapoiis, I n d ..
Kansas City, M o. . .
Milwaukee, Wis.:
English union..
German union.
Minneapolis, Minn.
Omaha, Nebr.........
St. Louis, M o.........

1908

1909

1910

1911

Cents.
50.00
45.83
50.00

Cents.
50.00
45.83
50.00

Cents.
50.00
45.83
50.00

Cents.
50.00
47.92
53.13

Cents.
50.00
48.96
53.13

Cents.
50.00 48
50.00 48
53.13 48

41.07
39.58
52.08
50.00
50.00

41.67
39.58
52.08
50.00
50.00

43.75
41.67
52.08
50.00
50.00

45.83
41.67
52.08
50.00
50.00

45.83
41.67
52.08
50.00
50.00

50.00
64.58
50.00
45.00
43.75
48.00

50.00
64.58
50.00
45.00
50.00
48.00

50.00
64.58
50.00
45.00
50.00
48.00

50.00
64.58
50.00
45.00
50.00
48.00

52.71
56.25
59.38
56.25

52.71
56.25
59.38
56.25

52.71
56.25
59.38
56.25

52.71
56.25
59.38
56.25

64.29

64.29

64.29

64.29

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

46.88
41.67
47.92
50.00
50.00

48 48
48 48
48 48
48 48
4S 48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

52.50
64.58
50.00
45.00
50.00
53.33

52.50
64.58
50.00
45.00
50.00
53.33

42
48
48
48
48
45

42
48
48
48
48
45

42
48
48
48
48
45

42
48
48
48
48
45

42
48
48
48
48
45

42
48
48
48
48
45

52.08
56.25
65.63
56.25
64.44
78.57

53.13
58.33
65.63
56.25
64.44
78.57

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

42

42

42

42

48
48
48
48
45
42

48
48
48
48
45
42

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.
Dallas, T ex...........
Little Rock, Ark..
Louisville, K y ___
Memphis, T enn...
New Orleans, L a..
Western.
Denver, Colo...............
Los Angeles, Cal.........
Portland, Oreg............
Salt Lake City, Utah.,
San Francisco, Cal___
Seattle, Wash.............

P R E S S FEEDERS.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.................................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
CyliiVdor presses......................
Platen presses.........................
Newark, N. J ................................
New York City, N. Y .:
2 automatic feeding machines.
Hand.......................................
Philadelphia, Pa:
Flat-bed perfecting presses...
Cylinder presses, 25 by 38
inches...................................
Pittsburgh, Pa.: Cylinder presses.
Scranton, Pa.:
Cylinder press;
‘laten presses.

25.93

29.17

29.17

31.25

31.25

31.25

54

48

48

48

48

48

18.52
12.96
25.93

20.37
14.81
25.93

22.92
16.67
31.25

22.92
16.67
31.25

25.00
18.75
31.25

25.00
18.75
31.25

54
54
54

54
54
54

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

38.54
29.63

38.54
33.33

38.54
33.33

38.54
33.33

38.54
33.33

38.54
34.38

48
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

27.08

27.08

48

48

25.00
27.08

54

48

48

48

48
48

48
48

22.22

25.00

25.00

25.00

25.00
25.00

15.63
12.50

15.63
12.50

15.63
15.63

22.92
15.63

25.00
15.63

25.00
15.63

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

15.74
12.96
16.67

17.71
14.58
20.83

17.71
14.58
20.83

17.71
14.58
20.83

17.71
14.58
20.83

17.71
14.58
22.92

54
54
54

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

18.52
14.81

20.83
16.67

20.83
16.67

20.83
16.67

20.83
16.67

20.83
16.67

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

16.67
11.11

16.67
11.11

20.83
15.63

20.83
15.63

20.83
15.63

20.83
15.63

54
54

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

16.67
13.89

18.75
15.63

25.00
17.71

25.00
17.71

25.00
17.71

25.00
17.71

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

27.78
17.59
18.52
20.37

31.25
19.79
20.83
22.92

31.25
19.79
20.83
22.92

31.25
19.79
20.83
22.92

34.38
21.88
22.92
25.00

34.38
21.88
22.92
25.00

54
54
54
54

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

88
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Baltimore, M d.........
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Cylinder presses.
Platen presses...
Richmond, Va.:
Cylinder presses.
Platen presses...
Washington, D. C..
Cylinder press...
Platen presses...
North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Cylinder presses___
Platen presses.........
Colt and Universal




107

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T able

II*— UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
PRINTING TRADES: Book and Job—Continued.
P R E S S FE ED ERS—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 190811908 1910 1911 1912

North Central—Concluded.
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Cylinder presses....................
Automatic presses.................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Cylinder presses....................
Platen presses.......................
Pony presses..........................
Detroit, Mich.:
Cylinder presses....................
Platen presses........................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Cylinder presses....................
Pony presses..........................
Kansas City, Mo.:
platen presses........................
Pony presses..........................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Cylinder presses, 25 by 38
inches or over.....................
Cylinder presses, under 25 by
38 inches.............................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Cylinder presses....................
Platen presses........................
Omaha, Nebr.: Cylinder presses .
St. Louis, Mo.:
Cylinder lithographic, and
automatic presses.............. .
Lithographic, No. 2 or less ex­
cept aluminograph and
pony presses........................
Aluminograph and two-color

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
22.22 22.92 25.00 25.00 28.13 28.13 54
24.07 25.00 27.08 27.08 30.21 30.21 54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

20.37
13.89
15.74

22.92
15.63
17.71

22.92
15.63
17.71

25.00
17.71
19.79

27.08
19.79
21.88

27.08
19.79
21.88

54
54
54

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

18.52

20.83

25.00

25.00

25.00
20.83

27.08
22.92

54

48

48

48

48
48

48
48

22.22
14.81

25.00
16.67

27.08
18.75

27.08
18.75

27.08
18.75

27.08
18.75

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

23.15
16.67
20.37

26.04
18.75
22.92

26.04
18.75
22.92

26.04
18.75
22.92

28.13
18.75
25.00

30.21
18.75
27.08

54
54
54

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

24.07

27.08

27.08

27.08

27.08

29.17

54

48

48

48

48

48

16.67

18.75

18.75

18.75

18.75

20.83

54

48

48

48’ 48

48

20.37
15.74
20.37

25.52
20.83
22.92

25.52
20.83
22.92

25.52
20.83
22.92

25.52
20.83
22.92

25.52
20.83
22.92

54
54
54

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

27.78

27.78

31.25

31.25

31.25

31.25

54

54

48

48

48

48

22.22

22.22

25.00

25.00

25.00

25.00

54

54

48

48

48

48

29.63

29.63

33.33

33.33

33.33

33.33

54

54

48

48

48

48

18.33
21.67

18.33
21.67

22.00
24.75

27.50
30.94

27.50
30.94

27.50
30.94

60
60

60
60

60
60

48
48

48
48

48
48

22.22
12.96
14.81

25.00
14.58
16.67

25.00
14.58
16.67

27.08
14.58
18.75

27.08
14.58
18.75

27.08
14.58
18.75

54
54
54

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

18.52
11.11
23.15

18.52
11.11
23.15

18.52
11.11
23.15

18.52
11.11
24.17

18.52
11.11
24.17

20.83
15.63
24.17

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
54

54
54
48

54
54
48

48
48
48

25.00

25.00

25.00

28.13

28.13

31.25

48

48

48

48

48

48

29.17

29.17

29.17

31.25

31.25
18.75

33.33
18.75

48

48

48

48

48
48

48
48

25.00
18.75

25.00
18.75

28.13
20.83

31.25
25.00

31.25
25.00

31.25
25.00

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

29.41
25.49

34.38
29.17

34.38
29.17

34.38
29.17

34.38
29.17

34.38
29.17

51
51

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

South Central.
Dallas, Tex.:
Cylinder presses, commercial
Cylinder presses, publication
Little Rock, Ark.:
Cylinder presses..
Plat presses,
*laten
Pony presses......................... .
Louisville, Ky.:
Cylinder presses.................... .
Platen presses........................
Memphis, Tenn.: Cylinder presses,
New Orleans, La.: Cylinder
presses.................... ...................
Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Cylinder presses......................
Platen presses.........................
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Cylinder presses......................
Platenpresses.........................
Portland, Oreg.:
Cylinder presses......................
Platen presses.........................
Salt Lake City, Utah: Cylinder
San Francisco, Cal.:
Platen presses..
Seattle. Wash.:
Cylinder presses
Platenpresses..




22.22

25.00

29.17

29.17

29.17

29.17

54

48

48

48

48

48

31.25
25.00

31.25
25.00

31.25
25.00

34.38
28.13

34.38
28.13

34.38
28.13

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

29.17
25.00

29.17
25.00

29.17
25.00

32.29
27.08

32.29
27.08

32.29
27.08

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

108
T a b le

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
II.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
PRINTING T R A D E S: B ook and J o b —Continued.
P R E S S M E N : Cylinder presses.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—
Cify.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

Hours per week on May 15—

!
!
1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.................................
Buffalo, N. Y ................................
Newark, N. J.:
Blaek-ink work......................
Color work..............................
New Haven, Conn........................
New York City, N. Y ...................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Operatives of—
Adams's presses...............
1 flat-bed perfecting
press..............................
1 fiat - bed perfecting
press with automatic
feeder.............................
1 or 2 presses....................
Presses with self-feeding
attachments..................
Pittsburgh, Pa.*...........................
Providence, R . I ...........................
Scranton, Pa..................................

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
43. 75 43.75 43.75 43.75 45.83 45.83 48
31.48 33.33 38.54 38.54 38.54 38.54 54
38.89
37.50
41.67

43.75
37.50
41.67

50.00
37.50
50.00

50.00
37.50
50.00

47.92
50.00
37.50
50.00

48
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

47.92
50.00 *54* ’ 48* *48* 48*
37.50 48 48 48 48
52.08 48 48 48 48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

32.41

32.41

36.46

36.46

36.46

36.46

54

54

48

48

48

48

38.89

38.89

43.75

43.75

43.75

43.75

54

54

48

48

48

48

42.59
37.04

42.59
37.04

47.92
41.67

47.92
41.67

47.92
41.67

47.92
41.67

54
54

54
54

48
43

48
48

48
48

48
48

40.74
33.33
31.48
37.50

40.74
37.50
31.48
37.50

45.83
37.50
35.42
37.50

45.83
37.50
35.42
43.75

45.83
37.50
35.42
45.83

45.83
37.50
35.42
45.83

54
54
54
48

54
48
54
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

24.07
33.33
27. 78
36.46

31.25
37.50
37.50
36.46

31.25
37.50
37.50
36.46

31.25
37.50
37.50
36.46

31.25
37.50
37.50
36.46

31.25
37.50
37.50
36.46

54
54
54
48

48
43
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

33.33
25.92

37.50
25.92

37.50
29.17

37.50
29.17

37.50
29.17

37.50
29.17

54
54

48
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

33.33

37.50

37.50

41.67

41.67

41.67

54

48

48

48

48

48

41.67

46.88

46.88

46.88

50.00

50.00

54

48

48

48

48

48

47.22

52.08

53.13

52.08

57.29

57.29

54

48

48

48

48

48

30.67
50.93

37.50
52.08

37.50
52.08

42.71
57.29

42.71
57.29

45.83
58.33

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

40.74

41.67

41.67

43.75

43.75

47.92

54

48

48

48

48

48

42.78

43.75

43.75

47.92

47.92

54.17

54

48

48

48

48

48

W 67
34.26
29.63

37.50
34.38
30.21

37.50
34.38
30.21

41.67
37.50
33.33

41.67
37.50
33.33

45.83
39.58
35.42

54
54
54

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Operatives of—
1 press...............................
2 presses...........................
Baltimore, Md...............................
Charleston, S. C.............................
Jacksonville, Fla.: Operatives of
1 or 2 presses...............................
Richmond, V a ..............................
Washington, I). C.: Operatives
of 1 or 2 presses...........................
North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Operatives of—
2 single presses.................
Goss flat-bed or double
presses...........................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Operatives of—
1 perfecting press..............
Rotary press (web press).
2 presses larger than 53
inches.............................
Two-color presses larger
than 53 inches, process
or label work.................
2 presses smaller than 53
inches, process or label
work
Two-color Harris press. . .
One-color Harris press___
Cleveland, Ohio:
Operatives of—
1 or 2 presses.....................
Pony press, 24 by 36
inches and under..........
Detroit, Mich: Operatives of 1 or
2 presses.....................................
Indianapolis, Ind.: OpeTatives of
1 or 2 presses...............................




33.33

37.50

37.50

37.50

39.58

39.58

54

48

48

48 ; 48

48

26.85

30.21

30.21

30.21

32.29

32.29

54

48

48

48

48

48

31.48

35.42

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

54

48

48

48

48

48

39.58 41.67
41.67
llL tcluding; platen pressraLen,

41.67

54

48

48

48

48

48

35.19

41.67

109

UNION SCALE OB’ WAGES AND HOUBS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T a b l e I I . — UNION

SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OP LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
PRIN TING T RA D E S: B ook and J o b —Continued.
P R E S S M E N : Cylinder presses—Continued.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 190S 1909 1910 1911 1912

North Central—Concluded.
Kansas City, Mo.:
Operatives of—
1 cylinder press, 24 by 36
inches or under, and 2
platen presses...............
1 press, 24 by 36 inches or
under, or 2 presses, 24
by 36 inches or under,
under a foreman............
1 press, 38 by 56 inches___
2 presses under a foreman.
2 presses, 24 by 35 inches,
or under........................
Mil waukee, Wis.: Operatives of 1
or 2 presses.................................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Operatives of—
3 presses............................
2 presses............................
Omaha, Nebr.: Operatives of 2
presses.........................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Operatives of—
1 press...............................
2 presses less than 24 by
36 inches, or 1 press less
than 24 by 36 inches,
and 1or 2 platen presses,
or 1 single Harris press..
2 presses, 24 by 36 inches
and over; or 2 single
Harris presses, or ro­
tary press; or 2 Kidder
presses (small) or dou­
ble press........................

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
31.48 37.50 37.50 37.50 39.58 41.67 54

27.78
33.33
33.33

33.33
39.58
37.50

33.33
39.58
37.50

33.33
39.58
37.50

35.42
41.67
41.67

37.50
43.75
43.75

54
54
54

48

48

48

48

48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

33.33

39.58

39.58

39.58

41.67

43.75

54

48

48

48

48

48

33.33

43.75

43.75

43.75

43.75

43.75

54

48

48

48

48

48

39.81
36.11

44.79
40.63

44.79
40.63

44.79
40.63

44.79
40.63

44.79
40.63

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

37.50

48

48

48

48

48

48

29.17

29.17

35.42

35.42

35.42

35.42

54

54

48

48

48

48

29.17

29.17

39.58

39.58

39.58

43.75

54

54

48

48

48

48

38.89

38.89

46.88

46.88

46.88

46.88

54

54

48

48

48

48

43.75
37.50
30.00

43.75
37.50
30.00

43.75
37.50
33.33

43.75
37.50
41.67

45.83
40.63
41.67

45.83
40.63
41.67

48
48
60

48
48
60

48
48
60

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

32.41
36.11

36.46
40.63

36.46
40.63

38.54
40.63

38.54
40.63

38.54
40.63

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

37.04
33.33
33.33

41.67
37.50
37.50

41.67
37.50
37.50

41.67
37.50
37.50

41.67
37.50
37.50

41.67
37.50
37.50

54
54
51

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

33.33
27.78

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

36.11
37.50

36.11
37.50

31.11
37.50

36.98
37.50

36.98
37.50

36.98
40.63

54
48

54
48

54
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

43.75
43.75

47.92
43.75

47.92
43.75

47.92
43.75

52.08
43.75

54.17
43.75

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

47.06
39.22

50.00
41.67

56.25
46.88

56.25
46.88

56.25
46.88

56.25
46.88

51
51

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.:
Operatives of—
1 or more presses, and
foreman........................
2 presses............................
Dallas, T ex....................................
Little Rock, Ark.:
Operatives of—
1 cylinder and 1 platen
press..............................
2 presses............................
Louisville, Ky.:
Operatives of—
1 or 2 presses with auto­
matic feed......................
1 or 2 presses....................
2 Harris presses................
Large cylinder press and
2 platen presses.............
Pony press’. ......................
Memphis, Tenn.: Operatives of 1
of 2 presses..................................
New Orleans, La...........................
Western.
Denver, Colo.: Operatives of 2
presses..........................
Los Angeles, Cal................... ........
Portland, Oreg.:
Operatives of—
2 or more presses, and
foreman........................
2 presses............................




BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

110
T able

II.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
PRINTING TRA D E S: B ook and J o b —Continued.
P R E S S M E N : Cylinder presses—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 1 5 -

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 19071908 1909 1910 19111912

Western—Concluded.
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Working foremen of pressmen
Journeymen............................
San Francisco, Cal.:
Operatives of—
2 presses............................
1 press...............................
Seattle, Wash................................

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
33.33 37.50 41.67 50.00 50.00 50.00
33.33 37.50 41.67 46.88 46.88
56.25
50.00

56.25
50.00
46.88

56.25
50.00

56.25
50.00
50.00

56.25
50.00
51.04

48

48
48

56.25
50.00
51.04

48
48

PR E SSM E N : Platen presses.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.................................
Buffalo, N. Y ...............................
Newark, N. J.:
Operatives of—
5 or 6 presses....................
3 or 4 presses....................
1 or 2 presses....................
New Haven, Conn........................
New York, N. Y .:
Operatives of—
Color presses Nos. 6 to 18..
Color presses Nos. 21 to 30.
4 or 5 presses....................
2 or 3 presses....................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Operatives of—
1 automatic press............
More than 4 presses.........
3 or 4 presses....................
1 or 2 presses....................
Providence, R. I ...........................
Scranton, Pa.:
Operatives of—
4 or more presses............ .
1 to 3 presses................... .

34.38
24.07

34.38
24.07

34.38
27.08

34.38
27.08

35.42
29.17

35.42
29.17

48
54

48
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

29.63
25.93
22.22
31.25

33.33
29.17
25.00
31.25

33.33
29.17
25.00
31.25

39.58
35.42
31.25
31.25

39.58
35.42
31.25
31.25

39.58
35.42
31.25
31.25

54
54
54
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

45.83
50.00
41.67
37.50

45.83
50.00
41.67
37.50

45.83
50.00
41.67
37.50

45.83
50.00
41.67
37.50

45.83
50.00
41.67
37.50

47.92
52.08
43.75
39.58

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

33.33
31.48
27.78
24.07
25.00

33.33
31.48
27.78
24.07
25.00

37.50
35.42
31.25
27.08
28.13

37.50
35.42
31.25
27.08
28.13

37.50
35.42
31.25
27.08
28.13

37.50
35.42
31.25
27.08
28.13

54
54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54
54

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

20.83
18.75

20.83
18.75

20.83
18.75

29.17
25.00

31.25
27.08

31.25
27.08

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

30.56
27.78
25.93
18.52

34.38
31.25
29.17
25.00

34.38
31.25
29.17
25.00

34.38
31.25
29.17
25.00

34.38
31.25
29.17
25.00

34.38
31.25
29.17
25.00

54
54
54
54

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

25.00

25.00

25.00

31.25

31.25
20.83

31.25
20.83

48

48

48

48

48
48

48
48

33.33
27.78
22.22
18.52

37.50
31.25
25.00
18.52

37.50
31.25
25.00
20.83

37.50
31.25
25.00
20.83

37.50
31.25
25.00
20.83

37.50
31.25
25.00
20.83

54
54
54
54

48
48
48
54

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

22.22

25.00

25.00

31.25

31.25

31.25

54

48

48

48

48

48

36.11
33.33
30.56
27.78

40.63
37.50
34.38
31.25

40.63
37.50
34.38
31.25

40.63
37.50
34.38
31.25

43.75
40.36
37.50
34.38

43.75
40.36
37.50
34.38

54
54
54
54

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48 48
48 48
48 48
48 .48

48
48
48
48

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga,:
Operatives of—
3 or 4 presses....................
2 or 3 presses.....................
1 or 2 presses.....................
Baltimore, M d...............................
Charleston, S. C.:
Operatives of—
4 presses...........................
2 presses............................
Jacksonville, Fla.:
Operatives of—
7 presses............................
4 presses............................
1 to 3 presses.....................
Richmond, V a..............................
Washington, D. C.: Operatives of
1 to 3 presses...............................
North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Operatives of—
6 presses..............
5 presses..............
4 presses..............
1 to 3 presses___




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912. I l l
T a b l e I L — UNION

SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH.
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
PRINTING TRADES: Book and Job—Continued.
PRESSMEN: Platen presses—Continued.
Rate of wages per hour on May 1 5 -

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

Cents.
34.26
29.63
24.07
22.22

Cents.
34.38
30.21
25.00
22.92

Cents.
34.38
30.21
25.00
22.92

Cents.
38.54
34.38
30.21
27.08

Cents.
38.54
34.38
30.21
27.08

Cents.
40.63
36.46
32.29
30.21

54
54
54
54

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48'
48
48.
48

27.78
25.00
22.22
20.37

31.25
28.13
25.00
22.92

31.25
28.13
25.00
22.92

31.25
28.13
25.00
22.92

33.33
30.21
27.08
25.00
37.50

33.33
30.21
27.08
25.00
37.50

54
54
54
54

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
4848
48-

33.33
29.63
25.93
22.22
18.52

37.50
33.33
29.17
25.00
20.83

39.58
35.42
31.25
27.08
22.92

39.58
35.42
31.25
27.08
22.92

39.58
35.42
31.25
27.08
22.92

39.58
35.42
31.25
27.08
22.92

54
54
54
54
54

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
4S
48^

29.63
25.93
20.37

35.42
31.25
25.00

35.42
31.25
25.00

35.42
31.25
25.00

37.50
33.33
31.25

39.58
35.42
33.33

54
54
54

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
4&

29.63
25.93
22.22
28.70

33.33
29.17
25.00
32.29

33.33
29.17
25.00
32.29

33.33
29.17
25.00
32.29

33.33
29.17
25.00
32.29

35.42
31.25
27.08
32.29

54
54
54
54

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

35.42
33.33
31.25

35.42
33.33
31.25

35.42
33.33
31.25

35.42
33.33
31.25

35.42
33.33
31.25

35.42
33.33
31.25

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48'
48
48-

29.17
26.30
22.22
20.37
29.17
26.39

29.17
26.30
22.22
20.37
29.17
26.39

40.63
37.50
34.38
31.25
37.50
31.25

40.63
37.50
34.38
31.25
37.50
31.25

40.63
37.50
34.38
31.25
37.50
31.25

40.63
37.50
34.38
31.25
37.50
31.25

54
54
54
54
54
54

54
54
54
54
54
54

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48
48

48:
48.
48
48
48
48-

34.38
28.13
21.88

34.38
28.13
21.88

34.38
28.13
21.88

34.38
28.13
21.88

35.42
33.33
31.25

35.42
33.33
31.25

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48"
48
48-

25.00
20.00

25.00
20.00

27.50
22.00

34.38
27.50

34.38
27.50

34.38
27.50

60
60

60
60

60
60

48
48

48
48

48
48

27.78

31.25

31.25

33.33

33.33

33.33

54

48

48

48

48

48-

33.33
27.78

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

37.50
31.25

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

4&
48-

27.78 27.78
25.00 25.00
23.15 23.15
28.13 131.25

27.78
25.00
23.15
31.25

29.48
26.25
23.13
31.25

30.00
29.48
26.25
23.13
31.25

30.00
29.48 *54* 54
26.25 54 54
23.13 54 54
34.38 48 48

54’
54
54
48

*48*
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48,

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912-

North Central—Concluded.
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Operatives of—
5 presses..............
4 presses..............
3 presses..............
2 presses...............
Cleveland, Ohio:
Operatives of—
5 or more presses.
4 presses..............
1 or 2 presses.
Detroit, Mich.............
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Operatives of—
5 presses........
41
2 presses........
1 press...........
Kansas City, Mo.:
Operatives of—
5 to 7 presses.
3 or 4 presses.
1 or 2 presses.
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Operatives of—
4 presses........
3 presses........
1 or 2 presses.
Minneapolis, Minn. . .
Omaha, Nebr.:
Operatives of—
5 presses........
4 presses........
1 to 3 presses.
St. Louis, Mo.:
Operatives of—
5 presses........
4 presses........
1 to 2 presses..............
42-inen coupon press.
28-inch coupon press.
/South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.:
Operatives of—
4 to 6 presses...................
3 presses................... .
1 or 2 presses...................
Dallas, Tex.:
Operatives of—
3 presses...........................
1 or 2 presses...................
Little Rock, Ark.: Operatives of
4 presses.....................................
Louisvilie, Ky.:
Operatives of—
4 to 6 presses....................
1 to 3 presses....................
Memphis, Tenn.:
Operatives of—
4
2 presses..
1 press....
New Orleans, L a ..

5653°—13------8



112
T able

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
II.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
PRINTING TRADES: Book and Job—Concluded.
PRESSMEN: Platen presses—Concluded.
Rato of wages per hour on May 15—

Horn's per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

Cents.
45.83
45.83
37.50
37.50
31.25

Cents.
45.83
45.83
37.50
37.50
31.25

Cents.
4.5.83
45.83
41.67
37.50
33.33

Cents.
52.08
50.00
45.83
41.67
37.50

*Cents.
52.08
50.00
45.83
41.67
37.50

43.75
41.67
39.58
37.50

43.75
41.67
39.58
37.50

43.75
41.07
39.58
37.50

43.75
41.67
39.58
37.50

41.18
35.29
29.41

43.75
37.50
31.25

46.88
43.75
37.50

33.33
33.33
33.33
22.22

37.50
37.50
37.50
25.00

50.00
43.75
40. G
3
37.50

1912 1907 1908*1909 1910 1911 1912
i

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Operatives of—
7 presses............................
6 presses............................
5 presses............................
3 or 4 presses.....................
1 or 2 presses....................
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Operatives of—
6 presses...........................
5 presses............................
4 presses............................
3 presses............................
Portland, Oreg.:
Operatives of—
4 presses............................
3 presses............................
2 presses............................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Operatives of—
7 presses i ..........................
6 presses............................
3 or 4 presses.....................
1 or 2 presses....................
San Francisco, Cal.:
Operatives of—
3 presses...........................
2 presses............................
Seattle, Wash.:
Operatives of—
3 or more presses..............
1 or 2 presses....................

Cents.
52.08 48
50.00 48
45.83 48
41.67 48
37.50 48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

43.75
41.67
39.58
37.50

43.75
41.67
39.58
37.50

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

46.88
43.75
37.50

40.88
43.75
37.50

46.88
43.75
37.50

51
51
51

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

41.67
41.67
37.50
25.00

50.00
43.75
37.50
31.25

50.00
43.75
37.50
31.25

50.00
43.75
37.50
31.25

54
54
54
54

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

50.00
43.75

50.00
43.75

50.00
43.75

50.00
43.75

50.00
43.75

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

40.63
37.50

40.63
37.50

43.75
40.03

44.79
41.67

44.79
41.67

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

PRINTING TRADES: Newspaper.
COMPOSITORS: Daywork.
North Atlantic.
61.00
42.71

61.00
42.71

61.00
42.71

61.00
42.71

61.00
47.92

63.00
50.00

42
48

42
48

42
48

42
48

42
48

42
48

27.08
31.25
28.13
50.00
43.75

33.33
37.50
31.25
50.00
43.75

33.83
37.50
31.25
50.00
43.75

37.50
41.67
31.25
56.25
43.75

37.50
41.67
31.25
56.25
45.83

37.50
41.67
33.33
60.87
45.83

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
46
48

62.22
39.58
60.00
69.44
37.50
41.67
50.00
43.75
39.58

62.22
39.58
60.00
70.83
37.50
41.67
50.00
43.75
39.58

62.22
39.58
60.00
73.61
41.67
41.67
55.00
43.75
39.58

64.44
41.67
62.07
73.61
41.67
41.67
55.00
43.75
43.75

64.44
41.67
62.67
75.00
41.07
41.67
55.00
47.92
43.75

64.44 45 45 45 45 45 45
47.62 48 48 48 48 48 42
65.3? 237* 237| 237A 237* 237* 237|
77.78 36 36 36 36 36“ 36
51.11 48 48 48 48 48 45
41.67 48 48 48 48 48 48
55.00 48 48 48 48 48 48
47.92 48 48 48 48 48 48
43.75 48 48 48 48 48 48

50.00
33.33
37.50
33.33
56.43

Boston, Mass.................................
Buffalo, N. Y ................................
Fall River, Mass.:
Makers-up...............................
Sets advertisements...............
Manchester, N. H .........................
Newark, N. J .................................
New Haven, Conn........................
New York City, N. Y .:
English union.........................
Bohemian union.....................
German union........................
Hebrew union........................
Hungarian union....................
Philadelphia, Pa......................
Pittsburgh, Pa..........................
Providence, R. I ...........................
Scranton, Pa.............................

37.50
50.00
33.33
37.50
33.33
56.43

43.75
50.00
33.33
37.50
33.33
56.43

43.75
50.00
33.33
37.50
33.33
57.86

43.75
50.00
33.33
37.50
33.33
57.86

43.75
50.00
33.33
37.50
33.33
57.86

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga............
Baltimore, M d.......
Charleston, S. C___
Jacksonville, F la...
Richmond, V a___
Washington, D. C.




* With an assistant.

48
42
48
48
48
42

48
42
48
48
48
42

* Worked 5 days per week.

48
42
48
48
48
42

48
42
48
48
48
42

48
42
48
48
48
42

48
42
48
48
48
42

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912. 1 1 3
T a b le

I I . — UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
PRINTING TRADES: Newspaper—Continued.
COM POSITORS: Daywork—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Cents.
55.00
38.54
43.75
40.00
50.00

Cents.
55.00
40.03
45.83
40.00
50.00

Cents.
55.00
40.63
45.83
40.00
52.08

Cents.
55.00
44.00
45.83
40.00
52.44

Cents.
62.00
44.00
50.00
50.00
52.44

Cents.
62.00
46.08
50.00
50.00
52.44

45
48
48
48
48

45
48
48
48
48

45
48
48
48
48

45
48
48
48
47§

45
48
48
48
471

45
48
48
48
47

48.44
31.25
22.22

48.44
31.25
22.22

48.44
31.25
25.93

48.44
37.50
25.93

48.44
37.50
25.93

53.75
37.50
44.44

48
48
54

48
48
54

48
48
54

48
48
54

48
48
54

48
48
45

50 00
34.38

50.00
34.38

50.00
34.38

50.00
34.38

50.00
37.50

50.00
37.50

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

JS
48

48
48

45 83
33.33
50.00

45.83
33.33
50.00

45.83
36.25
50.00

47.82
39.58
56.25

48.96
39.58
56.25

50.00
39.58
56.25

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

41.07
33.33

41.67
33.33

41.67
35.42

41.67
35.42

43.75
37.50

44.79
37.50

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

45.83
27.50
43.75

45.83
37.50
46.88

47.92
37.50
50.00

47.92
37.50
50.00

47.92
40.63
50.00

47.92
40.63
50.00

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

50.54
52.50

50.54
52.50

50.54
52, 50

50.54
52.50

50.54
52.50

58.70
58.67

46
40

46
40

46
40

46
40

46
40

46
40

50.00
41.67
41.07
45.00
43.75
55.00

50.00
41.67
41.67
45.00
50.00
55.00

50.00
41.67
41.67
45.00
50.00
55.00

50.00
55.00
45.83
47.00
50.00
55.00

52.50
55.00
45.83
47.00
50.00
55.00

52.50
55.00
45.83
47.00
50.00
55.00

42
48
48
48
48
42i

42
48
48
48
48
42-i

42
48
48
48
48
42^

42
48
48
48
48
42£

42
48
48
48
48
42|

42
48
48
48
48
42}

50.00
60.00
59.38
56.25
60.00
64.-29

50.00
60.00
59.38
56.25
60.00
64.29

55.00
60.00
59.38
56.25
64.44
64.29

55.00
60.00
59.38
56.25
64.44
64.29

63.33 63.33
60.00 62.22
59.38 j 68.33
59.38 i 62.50
64.44 64.44
71.43 71.43
i

46
45
48
48
45
42

46
45
48
48
45
42

46
45
48
48
45
42

46
45
48
48
45
42

45
45
48
48
45
42

45
45
45
48
45
42

42
48
48
48
48

42
48
48
48
48

42
48
48
48
48

42
48
48
48
48

42
48
48
48
48

42
48
48
46
48

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
English union..........................
Bohemian union.....................
German union.........................
Polish union............................
Cincinnati; Ohio............................
Cleveland, Ohio:
English union.........................
German union........................
Hungarian union....................
Detroit, Mich.:
English union..................
German union........................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
English union...................
German union........................
Kansas City, Mo...........................
Milwaukee, T is.:
V
English union.........................
German union........................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
English union.........................
German union........................
Omaha, Nebr.................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
English union.........................
German union........................
South Central.
Birmingham, Ala..........................
Dallas, T ex....................................
Little Rock, Ark...........................
Louisville, K y ...............................
Memphis, Tenn.............................
Western.
Denver, Colo..................................
Los Angeles, Cal............................
Portland, Oreg...............................
Salt Lake City, Utah....................
San Francisco, Cal.........................
Seattle, Wash.................................

COMPOSITORS: Nightwork.
North Atlantic.

[

Boston, Mass......................... ... . ' 65.00 65.00 65.00 65.00
Buffalo, N. Y ................................ 48.96 48.96 48.96 48.96
Manchester, N. H ................. .___ ! 37.50 37.50 37.50 41.67
Newark, N. J..........................
; 56.25 56.25 56.25 62.50
New Haven, Conn....................... ’ 50.00 50.00 50.00 50.00
New York, N. Y.:
English union.................. ...... i 68.89 68.89 68.89 71.11
German union........................ i 66.67 66.67 66.67 69.33
Hebrew union..................___ ! 92.59 94.44 96.30 98.15
Hungarian union............. ..... i 41.67 41.67 45.83 45.83
Philadelphia, Pa.................... ... ! 47.31 47.31 47.31 47.31
Pittsburgh, Pa........................----- ; 55.00 55.00 60.00 60.00
Providence, R . I .................... ----- i 50.00 50.00 50.00 50.00
Scranton, Pa...........................
45.83 45.83 50.00




65.00
54.17
41.67
62.50
52.08

67.00
56.25
41.67
67.39
52.08

171.11 71.11 45 45 45 45 45 45
69.33 72.00 *37* 137i| l S7i *37* 137§ *37*
100.00 103.70 27 27 27 27 27 27
45.83 59.52 48 48 48 48 48 45
47.31 47.31 46J 46£ 46i 46* 46i 46£
60.00 60.00 48 48 48 48 48 48
55.56 55.56 48 48 48 48 45 45
50.00 50.00 48 48 48 48 48 48
1Worked 5 days per week.

114
T a b le

BULLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

II.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
PRINTING TRADES: Newspaper—Continued.
COM POSITORS: Nightwork—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

flt v
1907
South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga....................................
Baltimore, M d...............................
Richmond, V a...............................
Washington, D. C.........................

1908

1909

1910

1911

Cents.
43.75
51.43
37.50
62.00

Cents.
43.75
51.43
37.50
62.00

Cents.
50.00
51.43
37.50
62.00

Cents.
50.00
51.43
37.50
63.43

Cents.
50.00
51.43
37.50
63.43

Cents.
50.00
51.43
37.50
63.45

48
42
48
42

48
42
48
42

48
42
48
42

48
42
48
42

48
42
48
42

48
42
48
42

60.00
51.04

60.00
51.04

60.00
51.04

60.00
51.04

67.00
55.21

67.00
55.21

45
48

45
48

45
48

45
48

45
48

45
48

56.25
45.00
54.69
55.00
50.00
50.00

56.25
45.00
54.69
55.00
50.00
50.00

58.33
45.00
54.69
55.00
50.00
50.00

58.33
45.00
54.69
55.00
52.08
56.25

58.33
50.00
54.09
55.00
53.13
56.25

58.33 48 48 48 48 48 48
50.00 140 140 140 140 140 140
60.00 48 48 48 48 48 48
55.00 48 48 48 48 48 48
54.17 48 48 48 48 48 48
56.25 48 48 48 48 48 48

50.00
39.58
52.08
50.00

50.00
39.58
52.08
53.13

50.00
41.67
54.17
56.25

50.00
41.67
54.17
56.25

52.08
43.75
54.17
56.25

52.08
43.75
54.17
56.25

58.00
60.00

58.00
60.00

58.00
60.00

58.00
60.00

58.00
60.00

66.67 45 45 45 45 45 45
66.67 140 140 140 140 140 140

55.00
55.00
45.83

55.00
55.00
45.83

55.00
55.00
45.83

55.00
62.50
50.00

57.50
62.50
50.00

57.50
62.50
50.00

50.00
42.50
52.50
60.00

50.00
42.50
52.50
60.00

50.00
42.50
52.50
60.00

52.00
42.50
52.50
60.00

52.00
42.50
56.25
60.00

52.00 48 48 48 48 48 48
42.50 140 140 140 140 140 140
56.25 48 48 48 48 48 48
60.00 47* 47* 47* 47* 47* 47*

56.52
66.67
65.63
62.50

56.52
66.67
65.63
62.50

62.17
66.67
65.63
62.50

62.17
66.67
65.63
62.50

70.00
66.67
65.63
65.63

70.00
68.89
75.00
68.75

46
45
48
48

46
45
48
48

46
45
48
48

46
45
48
48

45
45
48
48

45
45
45
48

66.67

66.67

71.11

71.11

45

45

71.43

71.43

71.11
69.05
78.57

45

71.43

71.11
59.52
78.57

45

71.43

42

42

42

42

45
42
42

45
42
42

42

42

42

42

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

42
48
48
48
48
48

42
48
48
48
46
48

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
English union.........................
German union.........................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
English union.........................
German union........................
Cleveland, Ohio.............................
Detroit, Mich.................................
Indianapolis, Ind ..........................
Kansas City ,M o ...........................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
English union.........................
German union........................
Minneapolis, Minn........................
Omaha, Nebr................................
St. Louis; Mo.:
English union.........................
German union.........................

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

South Central.
Birmingham, A la..........................
Dallas, Tex....................................
Little Rock, Ark...........................
Louisville, Ky.:
English union.........................
German union........................
Memphis, Tenn.............................
New Orleans, La...........................

42
48
48

42
48
48

42
48
48

42
48
48

42
48
48

42
48
48

Western.
Denver, Colo..................................
Los Angeles, Cal............................
Portland, Oreg...............................
Salt Lake City, Utah....................
San Francisco, Cal.:
English union.........................
German and Italian union
Seattle, Wash................................

LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Daywork.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass..................
Buffalo, N. Y ............... .
Fall River, Mass............
Manchester, N. H ..........
Newark, N. J..................
New Haven, Conn.........
New York City, N. Y .:
English union..........
German union.........
Hebrew union.........
Hungarian...............
Italian union............




61.00

61.00

61.00

61.00

37.50
50.00
43.75

41.67
31.25
50.00
43.75

41.67
31.25
50.00
43.75

41.67
31.25
56.25
43.75

61.00
47.92
41.67
31.25
56.25
45.83

63.00
50.00
41.67
33.33
60.87
45.83

62.22
60.00
69.44
37.50
37.50

62.22
60.00
70.83
37.50
37.50

62.22
60.00
72.22
41.67
37.50

64.44
62.67
73.61
41.67
40.63

64.44
62.67
75.00
41.67
40.63

64.44 45 45 45 45 45 45
65.33 137* 137* 137* 137* 137* 137*
77.78 36 36 36 36 36 36
51.11 48 48 48 48 48 45
40.63 48 48 48: 48 48 48

i Worked 5 days per week.

115

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T able

II.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
PRINTING TRADES: Newspaper—Continued.
LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Daywork—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

Cents.
45.83
50.00
43.75
41.67

Cents.
45.83
50.00
43.75
41.67

Cents.
45.83
55.00
43.75
41.67

Cents.
45.83
55.00
43.75
45.83

Cents.
45.83
55.00
47.92
45.83

Cents.
45.83
55.00
47.92
45.83

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

53.57
37.50
56.43

53.57
37.50
56.43

53.57
37.50
56.43

53.57
37.50
57.86

53.57
41.67
57.86

53.57
41.67
57.86

42
48
42

42
48
42

42
48
42

42
48
42

42
48
42

42
48
42

43.75
40.00
50.00
50.00

45.83
40.00
50.00
50.00

45.83
40.00
50.00
52.08

45.83
40.00
50.00
52.44

50.00
50.00
50.00
52.44

50.00
50.00
50.00
52.44

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
47|

48
48
48
47§

48
48
48
47§

48.44
37.50
27.78

48.44
37.50
33.33

48.44
37.50
33.33

48.44
43.75
37.04

48.44
43.75
37.04

53.75
43.75
47.78

48
48
54

48
48
54

48
48
54

48
48
54

48
48
54

48
48
45

50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00

50.00 48 48 48 48 48 48
50.00 140 140 140 140 140 140

North Attantic—Concluded.
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburgh, Pa_
_
Providence, R . I.
Scranton, Pa....... .
South Atlantic.
Baltimore, M d.............................
Richmond, V a.............................
Washington, D. C.......... ............
North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
German union....................... .
Polish union..........................
Swedish union.......................
Cincinnati, Ohio..........................
Cleveland, Ohio:
English union........................
German union.......................
Hungarian union................... ,
Detroit, Mich.:
English union.........................
German union........................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
English union.........................
German union........................
Kansas City, Mo.....................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
English union.........................
German union........................
Minneapolis, Minn.: German
union..........................................
Omaha, Nebr................................
St. Louis, Mo.: German union...

45.83

45.83

45.83

47.92

48

48

50.00

56.25

50.00
45.83
56.25

48

50.00

48.96
45.83
56.25

48

50.00

48

48

48

48

48
48
48

48
48
48

41.67
39.58

41.67
39.58

41.67
41.67

41.67
41.67

43.75
41.67

44.79
41.67

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

37.50
43.75
52.50

37.50
46.88
52.50

37.50
50.00
52.50

37.50
50.00
52.50

40.63
50.00
52.50

40.63
50.00
58.67

48
48
40

48
48
40

48
48
40

48
48
40

48
48
40

48
48
40

50.00
47.00

50.00
47.00

50.00
47.00

50.00
49.00

52.50
49.00

52.50
49.00

42
48

42
48

42
48

42
48

42
48

42
48

50.00
60.00
59.38
60.00
64.29

78.26
60.00
59.38
60.00
64.29

55.00
60.00
59.38
64.44
64.29

55.00
60.00
59.38
64.44
64.29

63.33
60.00
59.38
64.44
71.43

63.33
62.22
68.33
64.44
71.43

46
45
48
45
42

46
45
48
45
42

46
45
48
45
42

46
45
48
45
42

45
45
48
45
42

45
45
45
45
42

42
48
48
48
48

42
48
48
46
48

South Central.
Birmingham, Ala.........................
Louisville, K y...............................
Western.
Denver, Colo..................................
Los Angeles, Cal............................
Portland, Oreg...............................
San Francisco, Cal.........................
Seattle, Wash................................

LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Nightwork.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass..................
Buffalo, N. Y .................
Manchester, N. H ..........
Newark, N. J..................
New Haven, Conn..........
New York City, N. Y .:
English union..........
German union.........
Hebrew union.........
Hungarian union___
Italian union............




65.00

65.00

65.00

65.00

37.50
56.25
50.00

37.50
56.25
50.00

37.50
56.25
50.00

41.67
62.50
50.00

65.00
54.17
41.67
62.50
52.08

68.89
66.67
92.59
41.67
41.67

68.89
66.67
94.44
41.67
41.67

68.89
66.67
96.30
45.83
41.67

71.11 71.11 71.11 45 45 45 45 45 45
69.33 69.33 72.00 137* 137* 137* 137* 137* 137*
98.15 100.00 103. 70 27 27 27 27 27 27
45.83 45.83 55.56 48 48 48 48 48 45
44.79 44.79 51.19 48 48 48 48 48 42

i Worked 5 days per week.

67.00
56.25
41.67
67.39
52.08

42

42

42

42

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

116
T a b le

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.
EL—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued
PRINTING TRADES: Newspaper—Continued.
LINOTYPE OPERATORS: Nightwork—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Cents.
53.76
55.00
47.92

Cents.
53.76
60.00
47.92

Cents.
53.76
60.00
52.08

Cents.
53.76
60.00
52.08

Cents.
53.76 46* m
60.00 48 48
52.08 48 48

46^ 46| 461 46£
48 48 48 48
48 48 48 48

57.14
41.67
62.00

57.14
41.67
62.00

57.14
41.67
62.00

57.14
41.67
63.43

57.14
45.83
63.43

57.14
45.83
63.43

42
48
42

42
48
42

42
48
42

42
48
42

42
48
42

42
48
42

51.04

51.04

51.04

51.04

55.21

55.21

;
48 : 48

48

48

48

48

56.25
45.00
54.69
55.00
50.00
50.00

56.25
45.00
54.69
55.00
50.00
50.00

58.33
45.00
54.69
55.00
50. 00
50.00

58.33
45.00
54.69
55.00
52.08
56.25

58.33
50.00
54.69
55.00
53.13
56.25

58.33 48 i 48 48 48 48 48
50.00 140 140 140 140 140 140
60.00 48 48 48 48 48 48
55.00 48 48 48 48 48 48
54.17 48 43 48 48 48 48
56.25 48 48 48 48 48 48

50.00
45.83

50.00
45.83

50.00
47.92

50.00
47.92

52.08
47.92

52.08
47.92

43.75
50.00
60.00

43.75
53.13
60.00

43.75
56.25
60.00

43.75
56.25
60.00

46.88
56.25
60.00

46.88 48 48 48 48 48 48
56.25 48 48 48 48 48 48
66.67 140 140 140 140 MO 140

52.00
45.00

52.00
45.00

52.00
45.00

54.00
45.00

54.00
45.00

54.00 48 48 48 48 48 48
45.00 MO MO 140 140 140 140

56.52
66.67
65.63

91.30
66.67
65.63

62.17
66.67
65.63

62.17
66.67
65.63

70.00
66.67
65.63

70.00
68.89
75.00

46
45
48

46
45
48

46
45
48

46
45
48

45
45
48

45
45
45

66.67

66.67

71.11

71.11

45

45

45

71.43

71.43

71.43

71.11 71.11
59.52 69.05
78.57 ' 78.57

45

71.43

42

42

42

42

45
42
42

45
42
42

1907
North Atlantic—Concluded.
Cents.
■Philadftlphia., Pa____ _______
53.76
Pittsburgh, Pa............................... 55.00
Scranton, P a ......... .................... 47.92
South Atlantic.
■RaltimnrA, Md, ____ ______
Richmond, V a..............................
WftfsMngton, T - -- . ,
>
,
North Central.
Chicago, 111.: German union........
Cincinnati, Ohio:
English union.........................
German union........................
Cleveland, Ohio: English union..
Detroit, Mich.: English union___
Indianapolis, Ind ..........................
Kansas City, M o...........................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
English union.........................
German union........................
Minneapolis, Minn.: German
union...........................................
Omaha, Nebr................................
St. Louis, Mo.: German union__

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

4S
48

48
48

South Central.
Louisville, Ky.:
English union.........................
German union........................
Western.
Denver, Colo..................................
Los Angeles, Cal................... .......
Portland, Oreg..............................
San Francisco, Cal.:
English union.........................
German and Italian unions
Seattle, Wash................................

STEREOTYPERS: Daywork.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass..........
Buffalo, N. Y .........
Fall River, M ass...
Newark, N. J .........
New Haven, Conn.
New York, N. Y . ..
Philadelphia, P a ...
Pittsburgh, Pa.......
Providence, R. I . ..
Scranton, Pa..........

56.25
40.63
43. 75
51.02
35.42

57.14
37.30
41.67
53.13
47. 92
56.25
40.63
43.75
51.02
35.42

57.14 42 42 42 42 42 42
37.50 48 48 48 48 48 48
47.92 248 248 248 248 248 48
53.13 48 48 48 48 48 48
348 48
52.08
56.25 48 48 48 48 48 48
40.63 54 54 54 48 48 48
45.00 48 48 48 48 48 48
50.00 49 49 49 49 49 42
39.58 48 48 48 48 48 48

40.63
43.75
35.42
50.00

43.75
43.75
35.42
50.00

43.75
43.75
35.42
53.33

. 57.14
. 37.50
. 37.50
50.00

57.14
37.50
37.50
50.00

57.14
37.50
37.50
53.13

57.14
37.50
41.67
53.13

56.25
. 37.50
42.50
51.02
31.25

56.25
37.50
43.75
51.02
35.42

56.25
37.50
43.75
51.02
35.42

. 40.63
31.25
. 43.33

43.75
31.25
46.67

43.75
31.25
48.67

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga............
Baltimore, M d.......
Richmond, Y a.......
Washington, D. C..
1 Worked 5 days per week.




3 Worked only 46 hours.

48
48* 48* *48* 48
48 48 48 48
45 45 45 45

48
48
48
45

3 Worked 54 hours at increased rate.

48
48
48
45

UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
T a b le

117

I I . —UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, B Y CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
PRIN TING T RA D E S: Newspaper—Continued.
S T E R E O T Y P E R S : Day w ork —Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

1907
North Central.
Chicago, 111....................................
Cincinnati, Ohio............................
Cleveland, Ohio.............................
Detroit, Mich................................
Indianapolis, ln d ..........................
Kansas City, Mo...........................
Milwaukee, W is............................
Minneapolis, Minn........................
Omaha, Nebr................................
St. Louis, Mo.................................

1908

1909

1910

1911

Cents.
48.39
137. S9
40.63
43.75
43.75
50.00
33.33
37.50
37.50
46.88

Cents.
54.84
137.89
43.75
43.75
43.75
50.00
37.50
37.50
40.63
46.88

Cents.
54.84
137.89
45.00
43.75
43.75
50.00
37.50
37.50
43.75
50.00

Cents.
58.06
243.53
46.25
45.00
43.75
50.00
4b. 63
37.50
43.75
50.00

Cents.
58.06
243.53
46.88
46.25
43.75
50.00
40.63
37.50
46.88
50.00

33.33
37.50
36.00
31.25

37.50
37.50
36.00
32.13

37.50
37.50
40.63
40.00
32.13

40.63
40.63
40.63
45.83
32.13

41.67
40.63
40.63
45.83
32.13

41.67
43.75 '54* *48*
43.75 48 48
50.00 50 50
32.13 48 48

48
48
48
50
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

46.88
50.00
40.88
43.75
53.33
50.00

46.88
50.00
50.00
46.88
53.33
53.13

46.88
50.00
50.00
46.88
60.00
53.13

50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
60.00
56.25

53.13
50.00
53.13
50.00
60.00
64.29

53.13
50.00
53.13
50.00
60.00
64.29

48
48
48
48
45
48

48
48
48
48
45
48

48
48
48
48
45
48

48
48
48
48
45
48

48
48
48
48
45
42

48
48
48
48
45
42

66.67
40.00
57.29
66.67
72.37
40.63
45.00
50.00
45.24

36
45

36
45

36
45

36
45

36
38
54
48
42
42

36
38
54
48
42
42

36
38
54
48
42
42

36
45
48
36 36
38 38
48 48
4S 48
42 42
42 42

36
45
48
36
38
48
48
42
42

Cents.
58.06
3 44.12
50.00
50.00
46.88
56.25
41.88
40.63
46.88
50.00

46^ 46* 46* 46* 46* 46*
457“ 457 457 » 5 f 551 551
48 48 48 48 48 48
48 48 48 48 48 48
48 48 48 48 48 48
48 48 48 48 48 48
54 48 48 48 48 48
48 48 48 48 48 48
48 48 48 48 48 48
48 48 48 48 48 48

South Central.
Dallas, T ex....................................
Little Rock, Ark...........................
Louisville, K y ...............................
Memphis, Tenn.............................
New Orleans, La...........................
Western.
Denver, Colo..................................
Los Angeles, Cal............................
Portland, Oreg..............................
Salt Lake City, Utah....................
San Francisco, Cal........................
Seattle, Wash................................

S T E R E O T Y P E R S : N ightw ork.

North Atlantic.
66.67
40.00

66.67
40.00

66.67
40.00

67.67
40.00

58.33
72.37
37.50
42.50
50.00
35.71

58.33
72.37
37.50
43.75
50.00
40.48

58.33
72.33
37.50
43.75
50.00
40.48

58.33
72.37
40.63
43.75
50.00
40.48

66.67
40.00
57.29
62.50
72.37
40.63
43.75
50.00
40.48

. 43.33
32.29
51.53

46.67
32.29
53.74

46.67
32.29
53.74

43 75
46.67
36.46
55.21

46.88
46.67
36.46
55.21

46.88
46.67 *45* *45* 45
36.46 48 48 48
58.90 40! 40J 40f

48
45
48
40|

48
45
48
40f

48
45
48
40|

. 48.93
. 41.14
. 43.33
50.00
43.75
50.00
33.33
, 42.86
37.50
51.14

Boston, Mass..........
Buffalo, N. Y .........
Newark, N. J .........
New Haven, Conn.
New York, N. Y . ..
Philadelphia, P a ...
Pittsburgh, Pa.......
Providence, R. I . ..
Scranton, Pa..........

54.84
41.14
46.67
50.00
43.75
50.00
37.50
42.86
40.63
51.14

54.84
41.14
48.00
50.00
43.75
50.00
37.50
42.86
43.75
54.55

58.06
47.74
49.33
51.43
43.75
50.00
40.63
42.86
43.75
54.55

58.06
47.74
50.00
52.86
43.75
50.00
40.63
42.86
46.88
54.55

58.06
48.39
53.33
57.14
46.88
56.25
41.88
46.43
46.88
54.55

46*
46*
45
42
48
48
48
42
48
44

46J46*
45
42
48
48
48
42
48
44

46*
46*
45
42
48
48
48
42
48
44

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga............
Baltimore, Md.......
Richmond, V a.......
Washington, D. C..
North Central.
Chicago, 111.
Cleveland, Ohio___
Detroit, Mich.........
Indianapolis, J n d ..
Kansas City, Mo. . .
Milwaukee, Wis___
Minneapolis, Minn.
Omaha, Nebr.........
St. Louis, Mo.........




46*
52*
45
42
48
48
54
42
48
44

140 cents January to March and October to December.
2 46J cents January to March and October to December.
8 46| cents January to March and October to December.
*54 hours January to March and October to December.
6 48 hours January to March and October to December.

46*
52*
45
42
48
48
48
42
48
44

46*
52^
45
42
48
48
48
42
48
44

118

BULLETIN OF TH E BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

T a b l e I I . — UNION SCALE OF A AGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
Y

TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
PRINTING T R A D E S: Newspaper—Continued.
STEREOTYPERS: Nightwork—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907
South Central.
Cents.
Dallas, T ex....................................
Little Rock, Ark........................... 33.33
Louisville, K y ............................... 37.50
Memphis, Tenn............................. 39.00

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Cents. Cents.
40.63
37.50
40.63
40.00

Cents.
40.63
40.63
40.63
44.00

Cents.
44.79
40.63
40.63
46.94

Cents.
44.79
43.75 54
43.75 48
50.00 50

48
48
50

48
48
48
50

48
48
48
50

48
48
48
49

48
48
48
48

50.00
50.00
46.88
53.33
53.13

50.00
50.00
50.00
60.00
56.25

58 13
50.00
53.13
50.00
60.00
64.29

53.13
50.00
53.13
50.00
60.00
64.29

48
48
48
45
48

48
48
48
45
48

48
48
48
45
48

48
48
48
48
45
42

48
48
48
48
45
42

1908

1909

37.50
73.70
39.00

Western.
Denver, Colo...........................
Los Angeles, Cal............................
Portland, Oreg..............................
Salt Lake City, Utah....................
San Francisco, Cal........................
Seattle, Wash................................

50.00
46.88
43.75
53.33
50.00

50.00
50.00
46.88
60.00
53.13

48
48
48
45
48

PRESSMEN, WEB PRESSES: Daywork.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.: "
Head pressmen.....................
First assistants....................
Second assistants..................
Buffalo, N. Y.:
Head pressmen.....................
Tension men, brakemen, oil­
ers, and platers...................
Floor men..............................
Fall River, Mass..........................
Newark, N. J.:
Head pressmen.....................
Journeymen..........................
New Haven, Conn.......................
New York City, N. Y .:
Head pressmen.....................
Journeymen..........................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
Head pressmen.....................
First assistants.....................
Second assistants..................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Head pressmen.....................
First assistants......................
Second assistants..................
Third assistants....................
Fourth assistants..................
Providence, R. I.:
Head pressmen.....................
Journeymen..........................
Scranton, Pa................................

57.14
53.57
47.14

57.14
53.57
47.14

57.14
53.57
47.14

57.14
53.57
47.14

57.14
53.57
47.14

59.29
55.71
49.29

42
42
42

25.40

26.40

28.57

32.14

32.14

50.00

48

20.63
15.87
37.50

20.63
15.87
37.50

23.21
21.43
41.67

26.79
21.43
41.67

26.79
21.43
41.67

35.42
25.00
41.67

48
48
48

58.33
47.92
55.56
69.44

48
48
54

58.33

55.33

58.33

58.33
47.92
C 56
5558.33 169.44

66.67
53.33

66.67
53.33

66.67
53.33

66.67
53.33

66.67
53.33

66.67
53.33

45
45

52.08
37.50
34.38

52.08
37.50
34.38

52.08
37.50
34.38

52.08
37.50
34.38

52.08
37.50
34.38

52.08
37.50
34.38

48
48
48

36.67
30.56
25.00
22.22

41.25
34.38
28.13
25.00
25.00

41.25
34.38
28.13
25.00
25.00

46.88
40.63
38.75
36.25
34.38

46.88
40.63
38.75
36.25
34.38

46.88
40.63
40.00
40.00
37.50

48
48
48
48
48

41.71
37.50
37.50

45.46
41.25
37.50

45.46
41.25
37.50

45.46
41.25
41.67

45.46
41.25
45.83

45.46
41.25
52.08

48
48
48

30.56
25.00

30.56
25.00

34.38
28.13

34.38
28.13

43.75
37.50

43.75
37.50

40.63
31.25
25.00

43.75
34.38
31.25

46.88
36.25
33.13

50.00
37.50
34.38

48
48

48
48

22.22

36

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Tension men.........
Journeymen..........
Baltimore, Md.:
Head pressmen.. .
First assistants___
Second assistants..
Jacksonville, Fla.:
First assistants___
Second assistants..
Third assistants...
Richmond, Va.:
Head pressmen.. .
Journeymen..........
Washington, D. C.:
Head pressm en...
Tension men.........
Oilers and platers.




48

37.50
31.25
25.00

37.50
31.25
25.00

37.50
31.25
25.00

37.50
31.25
25.00

37.50
31.25
25.00

37.50
31.25
25.00

45.83
29.17

45.83
29.17

45.83
29.17

45.83
29.17

45.83
29.17

45.83
29.17

48

44.79

44.79
26.75
25.00

44.79
26.75
25.00

44.79
26.75
25.00

44.79
30.36
28.57

44.79
30.36
28.57

48

48

48
48

48
48 48
48
48 1 48 | 48

48
48
48

119

TJNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOUBS OP LABOB, 1907 TO 1912.
T a b l e I I . — UNION

SCALE OP WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued. PRINTING TRADES: Newspaper—Continued.
PRESSMEN, WEB PRESSES: Daywork—Continued.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per week on May 15—

City.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Cents.
50.00
43.75
40.63

Cents.
50.00
43.75
40.63

Cents.
50.00
43.75
40.63

Cents.
50.00
43.75
40.63

Cents.
50.00
43.75
40.63

Cents.
50.00 48
43.75 48
40.63 48

46.88
40.63
37.50

46.88
40.63
37.50

50.00
43.75
40.63

North Central.
Chicago, 111.:
Head pressmen.......................
Brakemen and tension m en..
Oilers and platers...................
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Tension men .................
Oilers and platers...................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Head pressmen.......................
First assistants........................
Second assistants...................
Detroit, Mich.:
Head pressmen.......................
Tension men...........................
Oilers and platers...................
Floor men................................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Head pressmen.......................
Journeymen............................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Head pressmen.......................
Brakemen...............................
Oilers and platers...................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Head pressmen.......................
Journeymen............................
Minneapolis, Minn.:
Head pressmen.......................
First assistants........................
Second assistants...................
Omaha, Nebr................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Head pressmen.......................
Journeymen............................

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

36.11
27.78
22.22

36.11
27.78
22.22

43.75
34.38
28.13

43.75
34.38
28.13

45.00
35.63
31.25

46.88
40.00
32.81

54
54
54

54
54
54

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

39.58
35.42
34.38
33.33

39.58
35.42
34.38
33.33

39.58
35.42
34.38
33.33

43.75
38.54
36.46
35.42

43.75
38.54
36.46
35.42

47.92
40.63
40.63
37.50

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48

46.88
31.25

46.88
31.25

46.88
31.25

52.08
41.67

52.08
41.67

52.08
41.67

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

42.50
37.50
31.25

42.50
37.50
31.25

50.00
37.50
31.25

50.00
43.75
43.75

50.00
43.75
43.75

50.00
43.75
43.75

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

30.56
27.78

34.38
31.25

34.38
31.25

39.63
39.63

39.63
39.63

43.75
39.63

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

33.33
25.93
22.22
37.50

33.33
25.93
22.22
37.50

33.33
25.93
22.22
37.50

40.74
29.63
27.78
37.50

40.74
29.63
27.78
37.50

40.74
33.33
29.63
37.50

54
54
54
48

54
54
54
48

54
54
54
48

54
54
54
48

54
54
54
48

54
54
54
48

50.00
40.03

50.00
40.63

50.00
40.63

54.38
45.63

54.38
45.63

54.38
45.63

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

South Central.
Dallas, Tex....................................
Little Rock, Ark.:
Head pressmen.......................
Journeymen............................
Louisville, Ky.:
Head pressmen.......................
Tension men and brakemen..
Oilers and platers...................
Memphis, Tenn.:
Head pressmen.......................
Journeymen............................
New Orleans, La.:
Head pressmen.......................
Tension men...........................
Brakemen..............................
Oilers and platers...................

29.63

29.63

29.63

33.33

37.50

43.75

54

54

54

54

48

48

52.08
31.25

52.08
31.25

52.08
31.25

62.50
34.38

62.50
34.38

62.50
34.38

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

. 48

40.63
34.38
28.13

40.63
34.38
28.13

40.63
34.38
28.13

40.63
34.38
28.13

40.63
34.38
28.13

43.75
37.50
37.50

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

43.75
34.38

43.75
34.38

43.75
34.38

43.75
34.38

50.00
43.75

50.00
43.75

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

53.57
32.14
28.57
26.79

53.57
32.14
28.57
26.79

53.57
33.93
30.36
28.57

53.57
33.93
30.36
28.57

56
56
56
56

56
56
56
56

56
56
56
56

56
56
56
56

48

Western.
Denver, Colo.:
Head pressmen.......................
Journeymen............................
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Head pressmen.......................
Tension men...........................
Oilers, platers, brakemen, and
floor m en.............................
Portland, Oreg..............................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Head pressmen.......................
Journeymen............................




45.00
38.13

45.00
38.13

45.00
38.13

54.00
45.75

62.50
50.00

62.50
50.00

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

50.00
46.88

50.00
46.88

56.25
53.13

56.25
53.13

56.25
53.13

58.33
55.21

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

43.75
38.89

43.75
43.75

50.00
43.75

50.00
50.00

50.00
50.00

52.08
53.13

48
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

56.25
43.75

56.25
43.75

56.25
43.75

56.25
43.75

59.38
46.88

62.50
46.88

48
48

48
48

48
48

48 48
48 148

48
48

120

BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOB STATISTICS.

T a b le

1L—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN BACH
TRADE, BY CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Continued.
PRIN TING TRADES: Newspaper—Continued.
PRESSMEN, WEB PRESSES: Daywork—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15—

Hours per weekon May 15—

vity.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

Cents.
56.67
50.00
46.67
43.33

Cents.
68.89
60.00
56.67
52.67

Cents.
68.89
60.00
56.67
52.67

Cents.
68.89
60.00
56.67
52.67

Cents.
68.89
60.00
56.67
52.67

Cents.
68.89
60.00
56.67
52.67

45
45
45
45

45
45
45
45

45
45
45
45

45
45
45
45

45
45
45
45

45
45
45
45

46.88
40.63

53.13
46.88

59.38
53.13

59.38
53.13

62.50
56.25

62.50
56.25

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

36
36
36

36
36
36

36
36
36

36
36
36

36
36
36

36
36
36

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

Western—Concluded.
San Francisco, Cal.:
Head pressmen.......................
Tension men...........................
Oilers and platers...................
Floor men...............................
Seattle, Wash.:
nead pressmen.......................
Journeymen............................

PRESSMEN, WEB PRESSES: Nightwork.
North Atlantic.
Boston, Mass.:
Head pressmen..................... .
First assistants..................... .
Second assistants...................
Buffalo, N. Y .:
Head pressmen..................... .
Tension men, brakemen,
oilers, and platers...............
Floor men...............................
Newark, N. J.:
Head pressmen......................
Journeymen...........................
New Haven, Conn........................
New York City, N. Y .:
Head pressmen......................
Journeymen. *........................
Philadelphia, Pa.:
.
Head pressmen.......................
First assistants.......................
Second assistants....................
Pittsburgh, Pa.:
Head pressmen.......................
First assistants.......................
Second assistants....................
Third assistants......................
Fourth assistants...................
Providence, R. I.:
Head pressmen.......................
Journeymen............................
Scranton, Pa.................................

66.67
62.50
55.00

66.67
62.50
55.00

66.67
62.50
55.00

66.67
62.50
55.00

66.67
62.50
55.00

69.17
65.00
57.50

25.40

25.40

28.57

32.14

32.14

50.00

63

63

56

56

56

48

20.63
15.8J

20.63
15.87

23.21
21.43

26.79
21.43

26.79
21.43

35.42
25.00

63
63

63
63

56
56

56
56

56
56

48
48

58.33

58.33

58.33

58.33

77.78
63.89
69.44

77.78
63.89
69.44 *36* *36* 36

36

36
36
36

36
38
36

81.58
65.79

81.58
65.79

81.58
65.79

81.58
65.79

81.58
65.79

81.58
65.79

38
38

38
38

38
38

38
38

38
38

38
38

52.08
37. 50
34.38

52.08
37.50
34.38

52.08
37.50
34.38

52.08
37.50
34.38

52.08
37.50
34.38

52.08
37. 50
34.38

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
4.8
48

36.67
30.56
25.00
22.22
22.22

41.25
34.38
28.13
25.00
25.00

41.25
34.38
28.13
25.00
25.00

46.88
40.63
38.75
36.25
34.38

46.88
40.63
38.75
36.25
34.38

46.88
40.63
40.00
40.00
37.50

54
54
54
54
54

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
48
48

48
48
48
4S
48

48
48
48
4S
48

47.67
42.86

51.95
47.14

51.95
47.14

51.95
47.14

51.95
47.14
45.83

51.95
47.14
52.08

42
42

42
42

42
42

42
42

42
42
48

42
42
48

30.56
25.00

30.56
25.00

34.38
28.13

34.38
28.13

43.75
37.50

43.75
37.50

54
54

54
54

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

37.50
31.25
25.00

37.50
31.25
25.00

37.50
31.25
25.00

37.50
31.25
25.00

37.50
31.25
25.00

37.50
31.25
25.00

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

45.83
29.17

45.83
29.17

45.83
29.17

45.83
29.17

45.83
29.17

45.83
29.17

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

49.11

49.11
26.75
25.00

49.11
26.75
25.00

49.11
26.75
25.00

49.11
30.36
28.57

49.11
30.36
28.57

48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

57.14
50.00
46.43

57.14
50.00
46.43

57.14
50.00
46.43

57.14
50.00
46.43

57.14
50.00
46.43

57.14
50.00
46.43

42
42
42

42
42
42

42
42
42

42 42
42 42
42 j 42
1

42
42
42

South Atlantic.
Atlanta, Ga.:
Tension men.........
Journeymen.........
Jacksonville, Fla.:
First assistants___
Second assistants..
Third assistants...
Richmond, Va.:
Head pressmen.. .
Journeymen.........
Washington, D. C.:
Head pressmen.. .
Tension men.........
Oilers and platers.
North Central.
Chicago, HI.:
Head pressmen.....................
Brakemen and tension men.
Oilers and platers.................




UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR, 1907 TO 1912.
Table

121

II.—UNION SCALE OF WAGES AND HOURS OF LABOR IN EAC H
TRADE, B Y CITIES, ON MAY 15, 1907 TO 1912—Concluded.
PRINTING TRADES: Newspaper—Concluded.
P R ESSM E N , W EB P R E S S E S : N ightw ork—Concluded.
Rate of wages per hour on May 15-

Hourspervvr
eekon May 15—

<juy.
1907

1908

1909

1910

1911

1912 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912

North Central—Concluded.
Cincinnati, Ohio:
Head pressmen.......................
Tension men...........................
Oilers and platers...................
Cleveland, Ohio:
Head pressmen.......................
First assistants........................
Second assistants....................
Detroit, Mich.:
Head pressmen.......................
Journeymen............................
Indianapolis, Ind.:
Head pressmen.......................
Journeymen............................
Kansas City, Mo.:
Head pressmen.......................
Brakemen...............................
Oilers and platers...................
Milwaukee, Wis.:
Head pressmen.......................
Journeymen............................
Omaha, Nebr.................................
St. Louis, Mo.:
Head pressmen.......................
Journeymen............................

Cents. Cents. Cents. Cents.
52.33
45.35
41.86

Cents.
52.33
45.35
41.86

Cents.
50.00
43.75
40.63

40.63
31.25
25.00

40.63
31.25
25.00

50.00
39.29
32.14

50.00
39.29
32.14

51.43
40.71
35.71

53.57
45.71
37.50

48
48
48

48
48
48

39.58
35.42

39.58
35.42

39.58
35.42

43.75
38.54

43.75
38.54

47.92
40.63

48
48

46.88
31.25

46.88
31.25

46.88
31.25

52.08
41.67

52.08
41.67

52.08
41.67

42.50
37.50
31.25

42.50
37.50
31.25

50.00
37.50
31.25

50.00
43.75
43.75

50.00
43.75
43.75

30.56
27.78
37.50

34.38
31.25
37.50

34.38
31.25
37.50

39.63
39.63
37.50

50.00
40.63

50.00
40.63

50.00
40.63

29.63

29.63

57.29
33.33

57.29
33.33

44.32
37.50
30.68

43
43
43

43
43
43

48
48
48

42
42
42

42
42
42

42
42
42

42
42
42

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

50.00
43.75
43.75

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

39.63
39.63
37.50

43.75
39.63
37.50

54
54
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
48

48
48
4S

48
48
48

58.00
48.67

58.00
48.67

58.00
48.67

48
48

48
48

48
48

45
45

45
45

45
45

29.63

33.33

37.50

43.75

54

54

54

54

48

48

57.29
33.33

66.67
36.46

66.67
36.46

66.67
36.46

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

44.32
37.50
30.68

44.32
37.50
30.68

44.32
37.50
30.68

44.32
37.50
30.68

47.73
40.91
40.91

44
44
44

44
44
44

44
44
44

44
44
44

44
44
44

44
44
44

42.00
36.00

42.00
36.00

42.00
36.00

42.00
36.00

50.00
43.75

50.00
43.75

50
50

50
50

50
50

50
50

48
48

48
48

57.14
53.57

57.14
53.57

64.29
60.71

64.29
60.71

64.29
60.71

66.67
63.80

42
42

42
42

42
42

42
42

42
42

42
42

50.00
41.67

50.00
46.88

57.14
46.88

57.14
53.13

57.14
53.13

59.52
59.34

42
54

42
48

42
48

42
48

42
48

42
45§

56.25
46.88

56.25
46.88

56.25
46.88

56.25
46.88

59.38
50.00

62.50
50.00

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

48
48

56.67
50.00
46.67
43.33

68.89
60.00
56.67
52.67

68.89
60.00
56.67
52.67

68.89
60.00
56.67
52.67

68.89
60.00
56.67
52.67

68.89
60.00
50.67
52.67

45
45
45
45

45
45
45
45

45
45
45
45

45
45
45
45

45
45
45
45

45
45
45
45

70.59
63.53

70.59
63.53

South Central.
Dallas, T ex....................................
Little Rock, Ark.:
Head pressmen.......................
Journeymen............................
Louisville, Ky.:
Head pressmen.......................
Tension men and brakemen..
Oilers and platers...................
Memphis, Tenn.:
Head pressmen.......................
Journeymen............................
Western.
Los Angeles, Cal.:
Head pressmen.......................
Tension men...........................
Oilers, platers, brakemen,
and floor men......................
Portland, Oreg..............................
Salt Lake City, Utah:
Head pressmen.......................
Journeymen............................
San Francisco, Cal.:
Head pressmen.......................
Tension men...........................
Oilers and platers...................
Floor men...............................
Seattle, Wash.:
Head pressmen.......................
Journeymen............................




42* 42i
42-J 42|


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