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MONTHLY SUPPLEMENT TO COMMERCE REPORTS

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
WASHINGTON

SURVEY OF
CURRENT BUSINESS
COMPILED BY

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS •. : BUREAU OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC COMMERCE

No. 27

: : BUREAU OF STANDARDS

NOVEMBER

1923

CONTENTS
Summary for September
Business indicators (diagrams and tables)
< Comparison of wholesale prices, by groups (diagram)
Course of business in September
Debits to individual accounts (principal clearing-house
centers)
October data
Indexes of business (production, prices, sales, etc;)
Trend of business movements:
Textiles
Metals
:
Fuel and power
Paper and printing
Buttons
Rubber and automobiles
Glass and optical goods
Building and construction
Hides and leather
(;hemicals, naval stores, and oils
Foodstuffs
Tobacco
Transportation
Labor
Immigration and emigration
Distribution movement
Public finance
Banking and finance

Page.
1
2
4
7

20
23
25
29
31
33
34
35
35
35
35
38
39
41
45
45
46
46
46
47
47

Page.
Trend of business movements—Continued.
Public utilities
Foreign exchange and trade
Trade and industry of foreign countries
Detailed tables:
World production of cotton and wheat
Summary of production, stocks, unfilled orders (Table 1).
Textiles (Tables 2 to 10)
Metals (Tables 11 to 22)
Fuels (Tables 23 to 27)
Automobiles and rubber (Tables 28 to 30)
Hides and leather (Tables 31 to 34)
Paper (Tables 35 to 37)
Building construction and materials (Tables 38 to 55)
Chemicals and fats and oils (Tables 56 to 64)
Foodstuffs and tobacco (Tables 65 to 85)
Distribution movements and price indexes (Tables 86 to
97)
Labor (Tables 99 to 106)
Transportation (Tables 107 to 114)
Banking and finance (Tables 115 to 135)
Foreign exchange and trade of U. S. (Tables 135 to 142)..
Trade and industry of foreign countries (Tables 143 to
154)
World production of sugar, flaxseed, and rice
Sources of data
Index

49
50
51
53
54
55
64
76
81
84
88
91
110
118
139
152
160
168
188
196
208
209
213

SUMMARY FOR SEPTEMBER.
In general, manufacturing activity in September
declined from the preceding month, decreases being
recorded in such basic commodities as pig iron, steel
ingots, copper, zinc, lead, bituminous coal, and automobiles. The mill consumption of cotton, wool, silk,
and tin also declined during the month, while increases were noted in the output of cement and locomotives. The volume of new construction continued
to decline. Unfilled orders for steel locomotives, merchant pig iron, and brick were less, while orders on the
books of manufacturers for flooring and steel sheets
increased. The index of unfilled orders based on 1920
as 100 declined to 58 on September 30, which may be
compared with 72 for the end of September a year ago.
Retail sales of mail-order houses and department
68690°—23




1

stores increased over the preceding month and over
September, 1922. Retail trade of chain stores in general declined in September but was well above the business of a year ago, while wholesale trade not only was
in greater volume than a year ago but registered in September the customary seasonal advance over August.
Wholesale prices and the cost of living advanced for
September. Business failures continued to decline.
The weekly car loadings for September averaged
1,039,018 cars, while the net available surplus of freight
cars for the last week of September registered a decline
from the previous month. The number of freight cars
and locomotives in need of repair was still further reduced, being for October 1 about 50 per cent below a
year ago.

BUSINESS INDICATORS.
(1913 monthly average-100, See explanation on inside front cover.)

PIG-IRON PRODUCTION.

COTTON CONSUMPTION.

BITUMINOUS COAL PRODUCTION.

1021

MO
800

=1

MO

600

_i»*

-»

UJd

400

|

400

300

1

s

Z 100
& •
_

\

60
40

//

\

J

^
100

-*—V-/
!

\ J
30

1
M

BANK CLEARINGS OUTSIDE NEW
YORK CITY (VALUES).

EXPORTS (VALUES).

NET FREIGHT TON-MILES.

800

600

A y

INDEX

400

WHOLESALE PRICES.

DEFAULTED LIABILITIES (VALUES).




PRICE OF 25 INDUSTRIAL STOCKS.
1833

1020

_ii.J

1922

w

900 •

«eo
400

g.200

I"
x

on

\

^
60

40

i

•0

20

10

10

1031
- I

.

ma

BUSINESS INDICATORS.
The following table gives comparative index numbers for a selected list of important business movements. It is believed that this
table will prove useful, because it separates out from the large mass of material a comparatively small number of items which are often
regarded as indicative of business in general.
The table has been divided into two parts, the first containing those items for which index numbers can be calculated, using 1913 as
a base. The second part contains items for which comparable data back to 1913 are not available. This latter group of index numbers
is calculated by letting the 1919 monthly average equal 100. Care should therefore be exercised in comparing the absolute value of the
two sets of data. In either group, however, the upward or downward trend of the index numbers, compared to previous months, does
reflect the present tendency in each item and will give a basis for business judgment.
1922

MONTHLY AVERAGE.

1923

COMMODITY.

1920

1921

1922

Aug.

Sept.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

Apr.

May. June. July.

Aug.

Sept.

122

1913 monthly average-100.
Production:
Pig iron*
Steel ingots
Copper
Anthracite coal
Bituminous coal
Crude petroleum
Cotton (consumption) • '
Beef
Pork
Unfilled orders:
Steel Corporation
Stocks:
Crude petroleum
Cotton (mills and warehouses) • *..
Prices:
Wholesale index, all commodities
(Dept. Labor)
Retail food (Dept. Labor)
Retail coal, bitum.—U. S. average
(Dept. Labor)
Farm crops (Dept. Agriculture) 2 ...
Farmlive stock (Dept. Agriculture).
Business finances:
Defaulted liabilities
Price 25 industrial stocks *
Price 25 railroad stocks *
Banking:
Bank clearings, New York City
Bank clearings, outside N. Y. City..
Commercial paper interest rate
Distribution:
Imports (value)
Exports (value)
Sales, mail-order houses
Transportation:
Freight, net ton-miles

71
104
98 .
2
56
225
109
127
109

79
112
95
65
103
219
102
131
101

103
135
101
112
113
231
111
141
113

111
136
101
112
114
230
120
134
146

121
131
103
111
117
242
110
124
183

126
151
110
114
126
249
127
125
188

117
137
101
102
106
234
118
107
156

138
160
119
117
117
271
130
117

96

101

113

117

116

114

117

152
183

234
161

250
83

251
138

253
183

252
191

252
193

226
203

147
153

149
142

155
139

153
140

154
140

156
145

207

197
109
107

188
113
111

184
114
112

205
110
109

205
110
110

108 | 230 229
184 i 136 169
67 ! 64
75

17
7
178
82

162
184
83

257
275
127

205
212
113

230
229
76

215
225
68

294
331
264

140
181
188

174
154
204

137

105

17
7

139
156
116
106
107
281
120
119
153

151
166
123
112
116
299
129
129
153

143
149
123
114
114
297
112
122
156

144
139
123
109
113
315
96
119
146

134
146
128
116
123
318
102
133
134

123

125

123

118

108

100

92

251
176

247
155

255
145

260
124

267
103

285
65

289
64

297
94

156
147

156
144

157
142

159
142

159
143

156
143

153
144

151
147

150
146

154

208
118
105

207
123
104

206
126
106

205
130
107

203
134
106

192
139
107

186
140
105

185
139
100

185
136
102

183
136
102

184

152
191
83

177
182
76

256
187
74

217
190
74

179
198
79

213
199
78

227
195
76

181
186
73

126
182
73

157
176
70

151
177
68

125

219
233
72

249
266
76

220
245
76

240
258
80

251

213
230
80

251
271
87

228
261
89

244
271

237
267

211
256
86

187
242
88

191
242

188
146
157

200
151
190

185
179
268

195
184
277

197
166
287

220
162
243

267
165
290

244
157
272

249
153
260

214
155
221

192
146
199

184
150
198

171

148
232

114

111

125

144

139

132

138

119

143

140

145

139

141

132

|
129 I 124
116
95

123
100

124
101

96
83

109
83

99
89

131
139

130
138

135
129

136
99

126
90

138
85

131
83

119
135
99
97
116
178
111
121
111

54
64
39
99
87
189
85
109
116

87
114
81
58
85
222
102
121
129

170

90

109
150

168

131
123

38
116
311
100
129
115

149

138
109

177

184
231.

1919 monthly average =100.
Production:
j
Lumber 3
1
Building contracts (floor space)
Stocks:
Beef
|
Pork
I
Business
finances:
!
Bond prices index (40 issues)
Banking:
Debits to individual accounts, outside New York City
Federal Reserve, bills discounted...
Federal Reserve, total reserves
Federal Reserve, ratio

100
72

85

114
102

70
97

43
85

27
70

20
81

22
67

28
47

40
50

48
68

48
82

42
92

38
102

33 |
112
109

24
113

19
111

19
95

20

87

107

11
1

112

no

107

107

107

106

104

103

104

104

103

104

103

97
28
144
154

90
21
146
158

94
22
146
156

105
24
147
155

98
34
146
152

112
33
144
144

112
31
147
153

96
31
146
152

112
36
145
150

116
107
38
33
145 j 'l46
152
153

111
40
146
153

104
39
146
156

99
42
146
154

98

114

91

132

91

97

122

87

I 122

45
145
152

* Monthly statistics on the movements since January, 1913, or as far back as available, are given on pages 47-49 of the December Survey (No. 16).
1
Yearly figures are monthly averages for the crop year ending July 31 of year indicated.
2 Monthly prices are for the 15th of the month indicated.
3 Based on the total computed production reported by 5 associations. Includes southern pine, Douglas fir, western pine, North Carolina pine, and Michigan hard
and soft woods. The total production of these associations in 1919 was equal to 11,190,000,000 board feet, compared with a total lumber production for the oountry of
34,552,000,000 board feet reported by the census.




COMPARISON OF PRESENT WHOLESALE PRICES WITH PEAK AND PRE-WAR
(Relative pride* 1913* 100.)
200

INDEX NUMBERS
300
40ft

700

FARM PRODUCTS-AVERAGE PRICE TO PRODUCER
WHEAT
POTATOES
COTTON
COTTON SEEO
CATTLE, BEEF
HOGS
LAMBS
WHEAT. SPRING
V%IEAT. WINTER
CORN, NO. 2
OATS
BARLEY
RYE, NQ'2
TOBACCO.8URLEY
COTTON.
WOOL. SCOURED (BOSTON)
CATTLE. STEERS
HOGS. HEAVY
SHEEP. EWES
SHEEP. LAMBS
FLOUR. SPRING
FLOUR. WINTER
SUGAR. RAW
6UGAR. GRANULATED
COTT0NSEE£> OIL
BEEF. CARCASS
BEEF, STEER. ROUNDS
PORK. LOINS
COTTON YARN
COTTON.PRINJ CLOTH
COTTON, SHEETfNG
WORSTED YARN
WOMEN'S DRESS GOODS
SUITINGS
SILK. RAW
HIDES. PACKERS
HIDES. CALFSKINS
LEATHER. SOLE r OAK
LEATHER. CHROME (BOSTON)
BOOTS AND SHOES (BOSTON)
COAL. BITUMINOUS
COAL. ANTHRACITE
COKE
PETROLEUM
PIG IRON, FOUNDRY1
PIG IRON. BASIC
STEEL BILLETS. BESSEMER
COPPER
LEAD
TIN
ZINC
LUMBER, PINE. SOUTHERN
LUMBER. DOUGLAS FIR
BRICK. COMMON. NEW YORK
BRICK. COMMON. CHICAGO
CEMENT
STEEL BEAMS
ROBBER. CRUDE
SULPHURIC ACID




•E2223 PEAK PRICE
PRICE I N SEPTEMBER 1923

WHOLESALE PRICE COMPARISONS—MAXIMUM PRICE COMPARED TO PRICE IN RECENT MONTHS.
NOTE—Prices to the producer on farm products are from U. 8. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economies. All other prices are from U. 8.
Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, except market price of wool compiled by U. 8. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. As far as possible all quotations represent prices to the producer or at the mill. See diagram on page 4.
July,
1923,

Date and T
relative price.

COMMODITIES.

August,
1923.

September,
1023.

Relative price.
(1913 average-100.)*
F a r m products—Average price to producers:
Wheat
Cora.
,
Potatoes
Cotton
Cottonseed..
Cattle, beef.
Hogs
Lambs
F a r m products—Market price:
Wheat, No. 1, northern, spring (Chicago)
Wheat, No. 2, red, winter (Chicago)
Corn, contract grades, No. 2, cash (Chicago)
Oata, contract grades* cash (Chicago)
Barley, fair to good, malting (Chicago).
Rye, No. 2, cash (Chicago)
Tobacco, burley, good leaf, dark red (Louisville)
Cotton, middling upland (New York)....
Wool, scoured J-f (Boston)
Cattle, steers, good to choice, corn fed (Chicago)
Hogs, heavy (Chicago)
Sheep, ewes (Chicago)
Sheep, lambs (Chicago)
Food:
Flour, standard patents (Minneapolis)
Flour, winter straights (Kansas City)
Sugar, 96* centrifugal (New York)
Sugar, granulated, In barrels (New York)
Cottonseed oil, prime summer yellow (New York)
Beef, fresh carcass good native steers (Chicago)
Beef, fresh steer rounds No. 2 (Chicago)
Tork, loins, fresh (Chicago)
Clothings
Cotton yarns, carded, white, northern, mule spun, 22-1 cones (Boston)
Cotton, print cloth, 27 inches, 84 x 60-7.60 yards to pound (Boston)
Cotton, sheetin ^ brown, 4/4 Ware Shoals L. L. (New York)
Worsted yarns: 2/32's crossbred stock, white, in skein (Boston)
Women's dress goods, storm serge, all-wool, double warp, 50 inches (New York)
Suitings, wool, dyed blue, 65-56 inches, 16-ounce Middlesex (New York)
Silk, raw Japanese, Kansai No. 1 (New York)
Hides, green salted, packer's, heavy native steers (Chicago)
Hides, calfskins, No. 1, country, 8 to 15 pounds (Chicago)
Leather, chrome calf, dull or bright " B J ) grades (Boston)
Leather, sole, oak, scoured backs, heavy Boston
J
Boots and shoes, men's black calf, blucher (Massachusetts)
I
Boots and shoes, men's dress welt tan calf (St. Louis)
j
Fuels:
j
Coal, bituminous, Pittsburgh, mine run—Kanawha (Cincinnati)
Coal, anthracite, chestnut (New York tidewater)
Coke, Connellsville (range of prompt and future) furnace—at ovens
Petroleum, crude, Kansas-Oklahoma—at wells
Metals:
Pig iron, foundry No. 2, northern (Pittsburgh)
Pig iron, basic, valley furnace
Steel billets, Bessemer (Pittsburgh)
Copper ingots, electrolytic, early delivery (New York)
Lead, pig, desilvered, for early delivery (New York)
Tin, pig, for early delivery (New York)
Zinc, slab, western, early delivery (New York)
Building materials a n d miscellaneous:
Lumber, pine,southern, yellow flooring, 1 x 4, " B " and better (Hattiesburgdistrict).
Lumber, Douglas fir, No. 1, common, s 1 s, 1 x 8 x 10 (State of Washington)
Brick, common red, domestic building (New York)
Brick, common building, salmon, run of kiln (Chicago)
Cement, Portland, net without bags to trade, f. o. b. plant (Chicago district).
Steel beams, mill (Pittsburgh)
Rubber, Para Island, fine (New York)
Sulphuric acid, 66tt (New York)




(5)

Per cent
increase
( + ) or decrease ( —)
in September
from
August.

June, 1920
July, 1920
June, 1920
July, 1920
May, 1920
May, 1919
July, 1919
Apr., 1920

326
300
706
312
321
183
256
239

106
141
206
196
190
97
89
174

112
140
199
201
1?2
95
91
163

139
1GS
227
188
97
104
169

+5.4
-0.7
-15.6
+ 12.9
+ 0.3
+ 2.1
+ 14.3
+ 3.7

May, 1920
May, 1920
Sept., 1917
June, 1920
Mar., 1918
Mar., 1918
War., 1919
Apr., 1920
Nov., 1019
Mar., 1919
July, 1019
Apr., 1918
Feb., 1920

354
302
331
296325
451
352
331
262
218
266
319
263

111
103
137
112
104
102
212
202
209
125
80
10S
179

117
103
140
103
100
106
212
199
198
128
96
123
164

127
10 i
142
110
105
110
212
223
198
125
103
117
109

+ S.5
4 29
+14
.
+6.8
+ 5.0
+ 3.S
0.0
+ 12.1
0 0
— 2.3
+ 7.3
—1 9
+30
.

May, 1920
May, 1917
May, 1920
May, 1920
July, 1919
Sept., 1920
July, 1920
Sept., 1919

328
363
598
526
374
201
211
254

131
126
198
199
140
122
141
131

133
127
173
178
144
122
141
155

136
137
199
193
162
135
132
1S3

+2.3
+ 7.9
+ 15 0
+ S.4
+ 12.5
+ 10 7
-6.4
+ 18.1

May,
Apr.,
May,
Jan.,
Oct.,
July,
Jan.,
Aug.
Aug.,
Nov.,

1920
1920
1920
1920
1918
1920
1920
1919
1919
1919
AUR.,
1919
Mar., 1920
Aug., 1919

348
478
427
289
292
291
466
283
490
473
230
308
292

177
192
190
232
184
239
197
79
79
163
120
209
153

175
187
181
225
184
239
202
80
78
163
115
209
153

191
201
181
219
184
230
269
77
81
163
109
202
153

+9.1
+9.6
0.0
-2.7
0.0
0.0
+ 33.2
-3.8

Sept., 1922
Oct., 1921
Aug., 1920
Mar., 1920

336
201
637
375

177
200
187
155

177
200
187
155

177
210
177
144

0.0
+5.0
-5.3
-7.1

July, 1917
Sept., 1920
July, 1917
Mar., 1917
June, 1917
May, 1918
June, 1915

346
330
388
230
261
224
386

170
171
165
92
145
86
110

166
168
165
88
153
88
114

166
169
162
85
161
93
117

0.0
+ 06
-1.8
-34
+ 5.2

Feb., 1920
Jan., 1920
Feb., 1920
Oct., 1920
Sept., 1920
June, 1917
Jan., 1913
Feb., 1916

455
407
381
251
195
331
124
250

202
212
320
175
173
166
30
75

195
201
311
184
173
166
29
75

190
190
305
175
173
166
30
75

+ 38
0 0
-5.2
-3.3
0.0

-5.4
-1.9
-4.9
0.0
0.0
+ 3.4
0.0

COMPARISON OF WHOLESALE PRICES BY GROUPS.
(U. S. Department of Labor index numbers. Relative prices 1913=100.)
t

1916
J

M

M

J

1917
S

N

J

M

M

J

S

N

J

M

M

1918
J
S

N

J

M

1919
J
S

M

N

J

M

M

J

1920
S

J

M

M

1923

1922

1921
N

J

S

N

J

M

M

J

S

N

J

M

M

J

of'

i \
i
\
i

i
i
1

1
1
1

1
j

r

i
180

Sf

1
|

/

I

x

/
140

\

y

J

s

/
/

A

;

^\

J.
i

T/E
0

*
^^ /

P

\

-/

i

y

i

\
\J
_

A /"
/

/

Z'

/'

1
1

i\
* \

\

9l_
I

/%,
/ \

-

<

\
\
. \

i
CC

\
\ /\
>
<

i\

280

/
/

H

\
\ \ i-n
, \
\ \ %
\\
\} \
\\\
\ ,\ \

!
/

-**

1
\

J

/

.-•'

/

/

\

A

—%^^

s
•

—
191:

100

I




• M M

/

^ .

N

120

20

\

A\ ER/ GE

—^

/

—

S

N

J

BUSINESS SUMMARY.
(Index numbers based on the 1919 monthly ayerage as 100—except unfilled orders, which are based on the 1920 average—enable comparisons to be made of the relative condition of the several phases of business. The use of index numbers is more fully explained on the inside front cover, and details of this summary are given in the table
entitled "Indexes of Business," beginning on p. 25.)
1922
August.

1928
September.

June.

August.

July.

September.

PRODUCTION:

119
110
121
155
110
113
136
144
85

110
101
VA\
138
108
144
125
141
83

104

106

112

77

68

60

58

75
136
85
106

87
155
84
123

74
144
80
90

154
90
100

92
151
94
"1J3

75
75

74
75

74
77

73
79

73
78

80

90

91

93

94

94

110
102
107
90
101
116
125
126
116

SALES (based on value):
Mail-order houses
Ten-cent chains
Wholesale trade
Department stores.

...

PRICES (recomputed to 1919 base):
Wholesale, all commodities
Retail food .
COST OF LIVING (recomputed to 1919 base)

. . . .

112
102
98
148
128
54
124
140
90

106

102

72

57
130
81
87

UNFILLED ORDERS (relative to 1920)...

123
112
95
144
119
54
133
140
99

67

STOCKS OF COMMODITIES

105
101
134
113
99
166
118
125
95

100

Manufacturing (total)
Manufacturing (62 identical)
Raw materials, total
Minerals
Animal Droducts
Crops
Forestry.
Electric power
Building construction (contracts awarded)

!

j
1

COURSE OF BUSINESS IN SEPTEMBER.
The following pages contain a review, by principal
industries, of the more important statistics shown in
the table on the "Trend of Business Movements"
(p. 29). Summaries of production, stocks, sales, and
price changes are given also.

B U S I N E S S INDICATORS—COMPARISON OP SEPTEMBER WITH
MAXIMUM MONTH OF 192:?>.
INDEX

NUMBERS
250

PRODUCTION
PtO IRON

LOCOMOTIVES

PRODUCTION.

The index of mineral production stood in September at 38 per cent above the 1919 monthly average,
which may be compared with 13 per cent above the
1919 average registered in September a year ago.
Marketings of animal products declined seasonally,
being 8 per cent above the 1919 average and approximately 9 per cent above a year ago. Crop marketings
increased in a seasonal movement, but the movement
to market was 13 per cent below September, 1922.
Production of manufactures declined in September.
Decreases were registered in the production of pig
iron, steel ingots, copper, zinc, lead, bituminous coal,
in the cut of the various important species of lumber,
in the production of clay fire brick, silica brick, face
brick, flooring, and in the mill consumption of silk,
cotton, and tin. Declines also occurred in the production of passenger automobiles and automobile trucks,
steel barrels, anthracite coal, sugar meltings, and the
slaughter of cattle, hogs, and sheep.




ANTHRACITE COAL
BITUMINOUS COAL
CRUOE PETROLEUM
COTTON (CONSUMPTION!
STEEL CORP (UNFILLED ORDERS)
PRICES
WHOLESALE I N D E X ,
A L L COMMODITIES ( OEPT. LABOR)
RETAIL

FARM

FARM

FOOO t OtPT. LABOR)

CROPS ' OB?* AOBICULTVHE>

LIVE

STOCK < O P AGRICULTURE)
ET

BANKING AND FINANCE
DEFAULTED

LIABILITIES

PRICE 36 INDUSTRIAL STOCKS
PRICE 36 RAILROAD STOCKS

INTEREST RATES (COMMERCIAL)
DISTRIBUTION
IMPORT8

(VALUE)

EXPORTS

(VALUE)

SALES, MAIL - ORDER HOUSES
T I N - CENT STORES
fRflQHT.

N I T TON-MILS*
SEPTEMBER 1998

8
Increases in manufacturing output were recorded
in the production of locomotives and cement, while
the volume of contracts awarded for new construction continued to decline. Below is given the
diagram . showing for basic industries the combined

indexes for production, stocks, and unfilled orders,
while on page 7 is shown graphically the comparison
of the more important September business indicators,
with their respective maximum records as registered
since January, 1923.

RELATIVE PRODUCTION, STOCKS, AND UNFILLED ORDERS IN BASIC INDUSTRIES.
(Monthly average 1920-100.)

I4D

\
130

V -

| Of|

\

10

100

K/\V
V

M

\

\

%
/

/

V

\
1820 AVERAGE

>^ ^ ^

uk
\ 1
y
\r-

90

\

V
\

\
—

Y

$

\

\

v

Ml

<

1

80

t —1 ~.

/

/
,

%
V

•

A

V

70

\\

/
/

62 /

\

V
\

\

60

\

Vv
\

60

/
8

40

I

1020

INDEX

INDEX

N U M B E R S OF M I N E R A L PRODUCTION.

2
1923

I

1922

N U M B E R S OF MARKETINGS OF CROPS.

(Average monthly production 1919=100.)

(Average monthly production ]9I9=100.)
200

A
>A /

180
160

f/

V)

\

CD

D 100

z

1920
•

—

•

*

S120

•

«»«-••••

919 A /ERAC

l0
X

mmmmmm

80

\
\\

CO

1919 AVEF A G E

°

g 80

Q

Z

Z

\

60

/ /

J

\

/ - "

•/

'"

II I




z

t

f
UJ

>
O

Z

O
UJ

Q

z

><

1923

UJ

>•

D

D

(3

PT.

140

D
<

UJ
C
O

>

o

O

UJ

Z

Q

EX NUMBERS

INDEX NUMBERS OF MARKETINGS OP ANIMAL PRODUCTS.
(Average monthly marketings 1919=100-)

—

\

STOCKS OF COMMODITIES.

The index number of stocks of commodities stood at
112 at the end of September, based on 1919 as 100, as
compared with 106 for a year ago. Increases occurred
from August in the stocks of the various species of
lumber, Lake Superior iron ore, silica brick, clay fire
brick, silk, turpentine, and rosin, while stocks of
cement, flooring, tin, zinc, rice, and sugar decreased
during the month.
The accompanying table gives for principal commodities the stocks on hand at the end of September
with comparative months of 1920, 1921, and 1922.

/

/

•^ 19 9 AVERAGE > >

Q
Z

/

60

SALES.

40

0

tr

in

>-

Q.
<

<(

>j

z

(j
D
<

H

>

CL

O
O

UJ
W

o

o

Q

UJ

z

Sales of commodities by manufacturers declined
generally in September. Sales by wholesalers averaged well above August for all lines for which comparable data are available, the index of wholesale
trade on a 1919 base registering an increase over September a year ago amounting to 11 per cent.

STOCKS OF SPECIFIED COMMODITIES HELD AT END OF MONTH.
1921

1920

1922

1923

COMMODITY.

August,

j September.

August.

September.

August.

' September.

August.

September.

FOODSTUFFS.

Beef products
Pork products
Lamb and mutton
Sugar (raw)
Cottonseed oil
Wheat (visible)
Wheat flour
Corn (visible)
Oats (
(visible)
B
t
Butter
Cheese
Eggs
Poultry
Fish i

thous. of lbs.
ihous. of lbs.
Ihous. of lbs.
long tons!
thous. of lbs.
Ihous. of bus.'
thous. of bbls.
thous. of bus
thous. of bus.
s
thous. of lbs.
Ihous of. lbs.
thous. of cases.
thous. of lbs
thous. oflbs.
thous. of bags.
bag
thous. of bbls
thous. oflbs.

89,721 i
977,7X5 I
11,021
174,625 I
13,757 |
28.896 j
6^240 i
3,749 !
3,786 |
115, 558 |
60.372 I
6.372 !
21', 331 |
47,073
1,936

Cotton (total domestic ginned)

thous. of bales.

3,318 j

Crude petroleum
Gasoline
Kerosene
Gas and fuel oil
Lubricating oil

thous.
thous.
tho;js.
thous.
thous.

t

h

Coffee

Apples
A l
Rice (domestic)

53,373

78,055
725,699
25, 324
99,937
33,221
46.225
6,350
5,973
8,149
113,385
55,007
5, 295
i2,953
55, 002
2.026
544
74,769

67,334
773,S52
5,903
133,421
16,197
49,369
8, 383
13, 490
60,455
92,292
46,635
7,210
20, 054
47,431
1,685

4,557

6,147

134.360
28<s; 195
379,301
771,127
130,450

59,822 !
|
559,016 '
5,993
137,390 I
51,167
87,197 i
;
8,265 i
|
13,262 "
61, 824
90,116
45,163
6,269 i
25,602 i
54,469 I
1,306 '
792
68,634

48,291
739,425
3,376
262,959
10,038
44,097
8,100
10,007
38, 355
112,039
53,625
9,608
27,671
32,226
904
40,228 1

53,573
558,434
3,473
180, 577
54,961
78,958
8, 300
13,952
35,968
96,680
49,473
7,924
25,9S5
41,141
940
1,452
02,141

7,594

2,903

5,157

2,503

3,433

169,682
5G7,646
389,893
1,243,446
242,530

172,874
515,326
371,235
1,229,254
230,227

262,707
703,738
285,520
1,366,612
220,668

263,761
690,051
270, 577
1, 364,957
214, 728

303,305
1,053,856
243,618
1,462,182
220,419

311,433
972,695
238,024
1,481,204
215,013

637,820
173,098
1,761

598, 700
162,270
1,756

158,877
43.258
2,808

150,524
37,612
1.238 i

705,421
52,942
2,887

772,867
45,786
2,362

1,183, 042
177; 676
75, 431
33, 415
28, 893
42, 341
63, 807
6. 963
31, 474
118. 272
127; 822
324;486
509

L,117,534
121/257
45,798
21,054
23,272
35, 743
51,080
5,746
22,775
58,483
59,400
329,268
25,849

1,207,900 ;
122,956 i
53,607 :
20,120 i
23,111
37,108
46,855
4,724 i
21,195 i
52,826 1
58,034 !
335,702 I
29,601 I

1,069,295
97,135
44.709
40, 634
19, 552
41,588
60,197
29.225
41,381
49,394
263,457
29,672

1,087,475
96,160
48,120
40,300
19, 794
41,723
2
45,463
5,492
28,005
38,849
47,113
289.564
36;375

30,241

19,902

18,810 I

25,674

24,663

69,674

46,04]
870,122
1,785
209,798
7,431
67,020
8,100
1,966
10,111
102,731
63,960
9,883
34,131
39,101
716
68
54,803

47,891
685,214
1,721
192,375
34,457
100,651
8,800
2,516
16,514
96,088
62,485
8,718
33,106
53,197
944
862
35,552

CLOTHING MATERIALS.

of bbls
of gais." ]
of gais
of gals
of gals..

134,272
323,240
378,549
708.608
130,798

long tons
thous. of 1 bs..
long tons

23G ,314
59;,156
3;,266

187,775
85, 800
3,731

M ft. b. m..
M ft. b. m
Mft.h.m.l,
M ft. b. m *
M ft. b. m
thousands..
thousands..
thous. of b b l s "
number..
number..
number".'.
barrels..
barrels

1.323,,805
119, 387
56, 897
31, 286
14, 649
16, 656
120, 912
4, 865
12, 973
32, 135
49, 104
144, 109
27, 963

1,323,805
119,949
59,580
32;534
19,306
is;322

24,711

24,593

Pig iron (merchant)
Zinc
Tin

!
j
!
!

l|

CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS.

Yellow pine
Michigan hardwoods
Michigan softwoods
Oak
flooring
Maple flooring
Silica brick
Face brick
Cement
Baths (enamel)
Lavatories (enamel)
Sinks (enamel)
Rosin
Turpentine

,

J24,957
3,497
12,324
30,262
47,643
176,612
44,396

1,225,
179,
78,
35,
31,
41,
62,
8
49,
128,
129,
328,

o,oso

PAPER.

Newsprint (at mills)
1

short tons..

27,128

I
At 15th of each month.




a Represents stocks of finished face brick in yards and does not include formed brick in kilns as prior to September,

10
The weighted index of unfilled orders on the books of
manufacturers of basic commodities continued the decline which set in last April and at the end of September
stood at 58, based on the 1920 average as 100, as
against 60 for August 31 and 72 for September 30,
1922. The volume of retail trade in chain stores was
in general less than in August, but considerably above
September a year ago, while department store trade
advanced 13 per cent from the preceding month and 7
per cent over a year ago. Sales of mail-order houses
increased 2G per cent over the preceding month, the
September business being 23 per cent above a year ago.
Postal receipts and advertising linage in magazines
and newspapers registered increases over the preceding
month and over September a year ago. The volume
of business done by theaters for the month of August,
as seen from revenue collections covering September,
showed a decline from the preceding month, but was
slightly above a year ago.
Sales of stocks and bonds on the New York Stock
Exchange increased in September, but the volume of
transactions was considerably below September, 1922.
Flotations of new municipal bond issues and sales of
new life insurance declined in September, but savings
deposits reported by 856 banks throughout the country registered an increase of almost 1 per cent. Life
insurance premium collections declined seasonally
during the month.
PRICES.
Prices received by producers for their crops and livestock increased in September, being 38 and 9 per cent
respectively, above the average prices paid to producers in 1913.
The wholesale price index of the Department of
Labor increased from 150 in August to 154 in September, the principal increases occurring in prices of farm
products, food, cloths and clothing, and chemicals and
dru^s. Declines, however, were registered in prices
of fuel and lighting, metals and metal products, and
building materials. As recomputed by the Federal
.Reserve Board, increases were shown for agricultural
products and animal products, while price declines
were registered for forest products and mineral products, increases in wholesale prices were reflected also
in the index number for international comparison, and
at 03 per cent above pre-war, the index may be compared with 59 per cent for the preceding month.
The retail food index on September 15 at 49 per cent
above pro-war showed an increase over the preceding
month, while the cost of living index at 172 for the third
quarter of 1923 may be compared with 170 for the
preceding quarter and 166 for the third quarter of
1922.




TEXTILES.
Receipts of wool at Boston declined both from August, 1922, and from September, 1923, foreign receipts
being considerably less than a year ago. Consumption of wool by textile mills declined from August,
while machinery activity showed little change. Imports of raw wool continued to decline and prices of
wool and woolens were almost unchanged.
The monthly report of the Department of Commerce,
on men's and boys' clothing shows the following comparisons for 331 identical establishments:
MEN'S AND BOYS' CLOTHING (IN NUMBER OP GARMENTS CUT).

July.

August.

September.

720, 381

625,402

662 002

504,089

88 950

49 052

24 555

43 749

675 715

715 093

671 997

578 834

343, 442
342 199
781, 2X9
89, 373

369,269

393 499
401 304

2XX,524
369 918
450,6)1
m,608

June.

KIND.

Men's suits, wholly or partly of wool
Men's suits, wholly or partly of mohair,
cotton, silk, linen, etc
Men's separate trousers, wholly or partly
of w o o l . . .
Men's separate trousers, wholly or partly
of mohair, cotton, silk, linen, etc
Men's overcoats
Boys' suits and separate pants fail grades)
Boys' overcoats and reefers (all grades)...

65X,746
60,390

399

The following table shows statistics of work clothing
as reported to the Department of Commerce by 118
manufacturers:
WORK CLOTHING (I\' DOZEN GARMENTS).

June.

July.

118,465
161,081
,
,
2
114,527
12X,5X9
::,«)44 i
5,520
]x.s,79N
227,116

Cut
Sales
Cancellations
Stocks, cud of month

165,703
1X2.765
<293

147,427 '<
154, 4S') I

3,010 i
219,092 ;

21 !,X5.->

EXPORTS AND CONSUMPTION OF COTTON.
I.OOO

900
800

y7Oo
C
O
U. 600

o

to 500
Q
< 400
V)

'A

A
i
V

A

-V

\\

1\
\ %

\

4

A
>--

V
\

A,

\r\

too

1920

1921

1922

Cotton consumption by textile mills in September
was slightly smaller than either the previous month or
the corresponding month in 1922. Stocks of cotton
were considerably lower at the end of September than
a year ago. Imports increased slightly and exports

11
were almost twice as large as in September, 1922.
The number of active cotton spindles increased in
September, but activity per spindle was less than in
August and less than a year ago. Exports of cotton
cloth declined slightly from August and were about a
third less than in September, 1922. Prices of raw cotton and of cotton goods increased, except sheetings.

STOCKS OF COTTON: NUMBER OF DAY'S SUPPLY AT DAILY RATE OI
CONSUMPTION.
400

350

COTTON CONSUMPTION IN NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN MILLS.
400

y vA

300 V

1/

300
QL

©

a.
co

\

IA A

\r

1

A

o

V

200

>
if**

\

250

/

I

V*
\

1
1

N
\

A

D

\

150

V

r
/

(00
\

\

%

\

\

50
CUMULATIVE COTTON GINNINGS TO SPECIFIED DATES.

The monthly hosiery report of the Department of
Commerce shows the following comparative summary
of hosiery operations for 290 identical establishments
representing 372 mills for August and September:
HOSIERY (IN DOZEN PAIRS).

/ r
^

— IP
1923

AUGUST.
Total.

J

*J

f
I
1
1
1J




/

Women's.

Total.

Men's.

Women's.

1922
„—— - — • "

CD
CD

i

1 /OCT. • 8
/ /

Men's.

SEPTEMBER

o

63

P roduction:
1,523,681 1,032,701
All cotton
924,067
All natural silk.
256,124
1,753,466
459,347
All others
Total
Shipments
Stocks, end of
month
Orders
Cancellations
Unfilled orders,
end of m o n t h . . .

/

r

TQTAL
GINNED

490,980
654,422
396,948

1

1,430,421
802,875 I
1,581,398

968.281
204,067
400,069

462,110
5S8,938
346,707

4,201,214 1,748,172 1,542,350

3,814,694

1,572,417

1,397,785

4,272,062 1,758,481 1,661,562

4,117.909

1,735,746

1,601,106

6,645,888 2,169,096 3,013,815
3,574,421 1,432,626 1,324,271
202,177
72,347
S8,960

6,477,522
5, 057,467
164,637

2,051,405 2,756,533
1,993,822 1,929,966
53,903
78,637

7,488,878 3,212,211 2,514,037

8,351,988

3, 437,053 2,80S, 236

The monthly report of the Department of Commerce on pyroxylin-coated textiles shows the following
comparison, based on reports from 12 identical manufacturers, with a capacity of 2,174,333 yards, in March
(capacity varies slightly each month in accordance
with the varying number of working days):

12
PYBOXYLIN-COATED TBXTEDBS.

June.
Pyroxylin spread
pounds..
Shipments Wiled:
Light goods. . .linear yards..
Heavy goods ..linear yards..
Unfilled orders, 1st of month:
Light goods. ..linear yards..
Heavy goods ..linear yards..

July.

August.

September.

2,104,168

1,916,826

2,219,846

2,038,903

633,957
1,393,018

514,061
1,243,256

484,308
1,21$,334

547,836
1,312,027

358,477
1,771,457

408,054
1,511,890

626,940
1,514,674

continued* to recede, Exports and imports of iron
and steel showed1 little change from August and prices
were also about the same.

839,463
1,316,391

PRODUCTION OF Pie IRON AND STREL INGOTS AND UNITED
STEEL CORPORATION'S UNFUNDED
92

J

f
to

Decreases occurred in the imports and consumption
of raw silk, while stocks increased slightly but were
less than a year ago. Prices of raw silk advanced.
HATS.

\

s

%
\

v><
z
o

**> .-—

Trade statistics received by the Department of
Commerce show the following comparisons between
September, 1923, and September, 1922, as reported by
the fur-felt hat industry:

•
i *i

September, 1923.

September, 1922.

Per cent
of capacity.

Dozens;

Per cent
of capacity.

1

Formed
Packed
Orders booked

o!
10
8 !

<•

-»

o

1920
Dozens;.

51,255
68,325
40,021

70.9 |
90.6.
60.2

68,887
71,736
49,517

98.7
97.5
77.3

Fur statistics reported by five hat manufacturers,
with about 14 per cent of the forming capacity of the
industry, are as follows:
FUR (IN POUNDS).

September, 1923.
78,453
132,798
85,345

Consumption
Stocks, end of m o n t h
On contract, end of m o n t h .

September, 1922.

\

k

0 " * *

FUR-FELT HATS.

Number of
firms ;
report-'
ing-

V

r
*
r

'"V

i i i i i i i i i i I
1921

|

1922

|

Production of sheets by independent mills declined
from 80 to 71J per cent of capacity, but sales and
unfilled orders increased and stocks declined. Production of steel barrels at 30 per cent of capacity compares with 41 per cent in August. Shipments and
unfilled orders also declined.
The following table shows bookings of fabricated
structural steel, as reported to the Department of
Commerce by 177 identica! firms, with a capacity of
230,675 tons per month, and total sales computed to
a capacity of 250,000 tons per month at the rate of
sales to capacity of the reporting firms.
BOOKINGS OF FABRICATED STRUCTURAL STEEL.

91,185
166,425
265,815

Actual tonnage j Per cent of
booked.
I capacity.

IRON AND STEEL.

The eastbound movement of iron ore through the
Sault Ste. Marie Canals decreased slightly in a seasonal
movement, but was considerably higher than a year
ago. Production of both pig iron and steel ingots
declined about 10 per cent from August. Slight declines occurred in the production, sales, shipments,
and unfilled orders of merchant pig iron; stocks at
merchant furnaces increased, while steel plants held
less merchant iron than a month ago. Stocks of iron
ore were less than a year ago, while consumption
increased.
Bookings of steel castings declined slightly, and unfilled orders of the United States Steel Corporation




1923

Computed
total
bookings.

1922.

200,968
185,065
168,894
158,012
156,559
146,827
133,037
112,367
138,737

April
May

June
July
August
September..
October
Noveml>er..
December..

217,500
200,000
182,500
172,500
170,000
160,000
145,000
122,500
150,000

1923.
January
February...
March
April
May
June
July
August
September..

173,294
184,887
220,400
186,117
131,875
118,117
117,563
i 134,431
2
118,113

i Reported by 176 firms with a capacity of 229,475 tons.
a Reported by 172 firms with a capacity of 228,240 tons.

187,500
200,000.
240.000
202,500
142,500
127,500
127, .500
147,500
132,500

I Oi.
Locomotive shipments increased in September,
but unfilled orders were further reduced. Freight-car
orders declined. Ship construction was also less
than in August. Sales of stokers declined slightly,
while sales ol' tubular plumbing goods made a slight
increase over August. Steel-furniture shipments were
slightly Jess in value than in August.

OAST-IRON PIPE (IN TO\ T S).
•
July.

June.
Production....
Shipments
Orders:
To be shipped from stock
To be made on order
Not specilied as to size

September.

79 o2S
77 S2S

17,905
199,271
4.300

84 588
84.843

77 180
78,101

18.*39
183.130
4,215

81 208
8K' 31S
•.

August.

14,727
165.518
6.860

14,215
156,585
1,802

LOCOMOTIVE SHIPMENTS AND UNBILLED
2,500

,

» 2,250 Q460
o
o

NONFERROUS METALS.

500

t
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£400

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FUELS.

\
0

Copper production at the mines declined slightly in
September, while exports were almost the same as in
August. The price of electrolytic copper declined.
New orders for brass faucets increased in September,
but shipments were less than in August.
Zinc production and stocks declined slightly, while
the movement at St. Louis was about half as large as
in August. The price of zinc made a fractional
advance.
Tin stocks in the United States declined, but the
world visible supply increased. Deliveries from warehouses were less than in August, and imports also
declined. The price of tin increased.
Receipts and shipments of lead at St. Louis declined,
while the price of pig lead rose.

0
z
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1920
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1922
'

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<
1923

The monthly .report of the Department of Commerce
on malleable castings manufactured for sale (excluding castings used in the plant or finished and sold
as other products) shows the following comparisons
for 103 identical plants with a capacity for May of
87,()OcS tons (capacity varies slightly each month due
to the- varying number of working days).
MALLEABLE

The output of bituminous coal declined slightly in
September, while anthracite production was only onethird of the August output, owing to suspension of
work in the mines in the early part of the month.
Production of both beehive and by-product coke declined slightly. Exports of all kinds of coal and coke
declined. Anthracite prices rose in September, while
the prices of bituminous coal and coke eased off
slightly.
PRODUCTION OF BEEHIVK AND BY-PRODUCT COKE.

to 30

August.

.September.

Q
Z
\
w 20
O

z
Shi [ .'Dioiiis
Orders hooked.
Production relative to capacity

.tons.
tons.
tons..
per cent..

")4.433 I
55',922
39,131 j
57. 4 I

60,207 '
36,753
Oft. r> '

The monthly report of the Department of Commerce
on production, shipments, and new orders of castiron pipe (bell and spigot pipe exclusively) shows the
following comparative summary for 12 identical
establishments:

\

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CAKSTL\<;S.

V

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1921

192*

1083

14
PRODUCTION OF BITUMINOUS AND ANTHRACITE COAL.

Production of petroleum declined in September, [ residential and public buildings showed a decline in
volume of contracts. Fire losses in the United States
while stocks continued to increase. The price of
and Canada increased slightly, but declined from a
petroleum averaged lower during the month.
year ago.
AUTOMOBILES.

CUMULATIVE VOLUME OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION.

September automobile production declined from
August, with passenger cars at 298,910 cars compared
with 314,372 in August and trucks at 28,455 cars
compared with 30,619 in the previous month. Shipments of automobiles by rail declined slightly, but
more cars were shipped by water and driven away
than in August.

600

600

f
/

BUTTONS.

The productive activity of manufacturers of freshwater pearl buttons averaged higher in September
than in the preceding month, but was below September a year ago. Stocks of buttons at the end of
September increased both over the preceding month
and the end of month stocks a year ago.

fc 400

V

K

/

w 300

f4

ft
CO

o

BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION.
During September building costs declined about 1
per cent. The material costs for a six-room house as
of September 1 declined about 3 per cent from August
1. Plumbing fixtures showed little change in price
as compared with August.
Contracts awarded for building construction in the
27 Northeastern States declined slightly in floor space
but were slightly larger in value. Increases took place
in awards for business and industrial buildings, while




4

CC

>

d 200

5

f

4

4

//
100

4

4

15
VOLUME OF BUILDING CONTKAOTS AWARDED BY CLASSES.

1919

>

1920

1921

BUILDING MATERIALS.

Production of lumber showed a. seasonal deeline
from August; but was larger than in September, 1922,
only western pine and North Carolina pine showing
decreases. Shipments were, in general, lower than in
September, 1922. and stocks also declined from a year
ago, except western pine. Exports of lumber declined
slightly from August but were larger than a year ago,
while prices of lumber were slightly less than in
August.
The following table is based on statistics received
by the Department of Commerce:
HARDWOOD

Units reporting l.

July 1.

Oct. 1.

number..

185

Unsold stocks:
Gum
..Mft. b. m..
Oak
..Mft. b. m..
Other species.. ..Mft. b. m..

97.711
119'. 343
138,263

109.C19
136.414
143,319

113,456
143,391
149,711

118,351 .
144,667 !
145,074 ;

115,661
139,326
142,010

..Mft. b. m..

345,317

389,352

406,550

408,092 i

396,997

Total stocks:
Gum
..Mft. b. m..
Oak
Mft. b. m..
Other species.. ..Mft. b. m..

126,326
153.324
159,129

139.601
164.430
176,048

143,922
173,410
186,537

150,854 i
177.805 1
183,944

153,490
175,383
178.921

438.779

479,079

503,SS9

512,603

507,794

Total

Total

..Mft. b. m..

Unfilled orders:
Gum
..Mft. b. m..
Oak
..Mft. b. m..
Other species.. ..Mft. b. m..
Total

..Mft. b. m..

PAVING BRICK (NO. 1 QUALITY).

May.
Sept. 1.
207

204.1

!

191/,

!
40,283
41,522
45.568

42,144
34,699
50,482

46,713

41.320
35,853

42.149 \
38,340
49,342

127,325

123,886

129,831 i

Companies
number.
Proportion of industry
per cent.
Production
.*
thous. of brick.
Shipments
thous. of brick.
Stocks, end of month
thous. of brick.
Orders received
thous. of brick.
Cancellations
thous. of brick.
Unfilled orders end of month.thous. of brick.
Relative production No. 1 and No. 2 brick to
capacity
per cent..

September.

August.

25
29
69
71
33,54' 34,457
26,209 27,251! 27,092 36,446 34,761
77,662 80,324 78,835 74.399 86,530
34.475 36 ; 078; 23,688 25,586 28. 501
2,1581
574j 5,340 3,076] ;i', 787
90,644illO, 1201100, 444 102,1831 91,048
"
24
25
25
67!
67
68
34,382| 31,105 30,529

137, 720

PRODUCTION AND STOCKS OF PORTLAND CEMENT.

1
2

A single band mill is considered one unit of production.
Eeports from 184| identical units for Bept. 1 and Oct. 1 show a decrease from
388,041,000 feet to 384,649,000 feet.

Production of flooring declined from August, with
oak flooring output larger than last year and maple
flooring less. Orders booked increased for both
classes of flooring, and there was little change in
stocks during the month. Shipments and unfilled
orders for oak flooring increased over August while
for maple flooring these items showed declines.




June. July.

Cement production was slightly greater than in
August, whik shipments and stocks made seasonal
declines. All three items were considerably higher

52.393
41; L27
44,200

127,373

1923

Product i on an d si 1 i pm en t s <*i refractory bricks
declined from August while stocks increased. New
orders and unfilled orders for clay fire brick and shipments and unfilled orders for face brick were also less
than in August. Compared with a year ago, production and stocks increased for clay fire brick but
declined as regards silica brick. Shipments of both
the refractory bricks were less than a year ago.
Paving-brick figures reported to the Department
of Commerce are as follows:

LUMBER.

-A

Juuel.

I

1922

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16
than a year ago. The price of Portland cement remained unchanged. Concrete paving contracts let in
September were slightly larger than a year ago.
Seasonal declines took place in orders, stocks, shipments, and unfilled orders of all classes of enameled
sanitary ware. Compared with a year ago, shipments
and unfilled orders were larger, while stocks and new
orders were smaller.
HIDES AND LEATHER.
Imports of hides declined from August in all classes,
and were much smaller than a year ago. Prices of
hides and leather were irregular. Exports of leather
increased over August.
Boot and shoe production declined from August but
exports increased slightly. Prices declined in some
grades.
The following table shows the number of leather
gloves and mittens cut in August and September as
reported to the Department of Commerce by 225 identical establishments.
LEATHER GLOVES AND MITTENS CUT (IN DOZEN PAIRS).

SEPTEMBER.

AUGUST.

Men's and
boys'.

Dress and street gloves, etc.:
Imported
Dornestic
Work gloves, mittens, etc
....

Women's
and children's.

35,417
34,467
136,710

16,197
2,039
120

*«£,- srasr
Doys .

31,947
30,475
128,160

|

dren»s>

15,209
1,625
336

CHEMICALS AND OILS.

Imports of potash and nitrate of soda declined from
August. Exports of sulphuric acid declined, but dyes
and dyestuffs, measured by value, increased, as did the
tonnage of fertilizer exports. Prices of crude drugs
and essential oils declined, while drugs and pharmaceuticals advanced.
Turpentine and rosin receipts at Southern ports
were larger than a year ago. Stocks of turpentine
were larger than last year, but rosin stocks declined.
Exports and imports of vegetable oils were smaller
than in August and also less than a year ago. Oleomargarine consumption exceeded September, 1922.
Stocks of cottonseed were larger than at the end of
September, 1922, but production and stocks of cottonseed oil declined. The price of cottonseed oil increased
over August. Receipts, shipments, and stocks of flaxseed in the Northwest and shipments of oil and oil
cake all exceeded the September, 1922, figures.
CEREALS.
Receipts and shipments of wheat at principal markets declined seasonally, but exports of wheat, including flour, increased. All the items were considerably
lower than a year ago. The visible supply of wheat at




the end of September was about one-third greater than
a year ago. Prices of wheat and flour advanced in
September.
The following table shows the operations of 1,057
flour mills reporting to the Department of Commerce
for September, which produced over 84 per cent of the
wheat flour reported by the 1921 Census. A slightly
larger number of mills reported for the previous
months.
I
May.

June.

SepJuly. August. tember

Wheat ground
thous. bushels.. 36,210 30,943 35,871 44,179 44,851
Flour produced
thous. barrels.. 7,912
6,735 7,805 9,642
9,734
Grain offal produced
thous. pounds.. 635,330 549,484 633,324 772,774 I 794,405
48.0
39.2
Per cent of capacity operated, .per cent.. 44.5
54.7
62.1

The corn crop is estimated as of November 1 as about
100,000,000 bushels larger than a year ago. Receipts
shipments, visible supply, exports, and grindings are
all less than a year ago, while the price of corn increased over August and was more than one-third
greater than a year ago.
Receipts of oats were slightly larger than a year ago,
but the visible supply was less than half as large. Exports of oats and oatmeal were much smaller than a
year ago. The price of oats was higher than in August
or in September, 1922.
Exports of barley and rye were also less than a year
ago, while prices of these grains increased over the
August average and over September, 1922.
Receipts, shipments, and stocks of rice were considerably less than a year ago. Exports also declined
from the previous September.
MEATS AND DAIRY PRODUCTS.
Receipts, shipments, and slaughter of hogs and
sheep were larger in September than a year ago, except
slaughter of sheep. Receipts and total shipments of
cattle declined from last year, while stocker and feeder
shipments and slaughter were practically the same.
Exports of both pork and beef products exceeded the
September, 1922, figures, while cold-storage holdings
at the end of September showed declines from a year
ago in beef and mutton, but an increase in pork.
Prices of livestock and meat wore irregular as compared with August.
The catch of fish was larger than in September, 1922,
and cold-storage holdings also increased. Receipts
and cold-storage holdings of poultry exceeded last
year's figures also.
Receipts of butter, cheese, and eggs at the principal
markets declined in September, but each of those
movements was above September, 1922. Cold-storage
holdings of butter, cheese, and eggs declined in a
seasonal movement, and with the exception of butter
the stocks of those foodstuffs on October 1 were considerably above the holdings a year ago. Wholesale

17
prices of butter and cheese at the principal primary
markets advanced 5 per cent during the month.
Exports of condensed and evaporated milk increased
28 per cent in September.
TOBACCO.

Consumption of cigars and cigarettes, as shown by
tax-paid withdrawals, declined in September, but the
cigarette consumption for the first nine months of
1923 registered an increase of 18 per cent over the
corresponding period of a year ago. For cigars the
increase amounted to 4 per cent over 1922. PJxports
of unmanufactured leaf tobacco increased in September and for the nine months of this year were 15
per cent above a year ago. Aggregate stocks of
tobacco held by dealers and manufacturers on October
1 declined from July 1 but were still considerably
above a year ago.

RAILROADS.

Weekly car loadings for September averaged
1,039,018 cars. The daily net available surplus of
freight cars averaged less in the last week of September
than in the corresponding period of the preceding
month. Bad-order freight cars and locomotives in
need of repair continued to decline, being on October
1 approximately 50 per cent below October 1, 1922.
SHORTAGE, SURPLUS, BAD-ORDER, AND TOTAL LOADINGS OF
FREIGHT CARS.

1.100

1.000

WATER TRANSPORTATION.

Traffic through the Sault Ste. Marie Canals and
through New York State canals was less than in August
and for the Soo Canal still well above a year ago.
The total movement through the Sault Ste. Marie
Canals for the months of the present season was 51
per cent ahead of the corresponding period ending
September, 1922. August cargo traffic through the
Panama Canal was 7 per cent less than in July, but
86 per cent above August, 1922. Tonnage of vessels
entered and cleared from United States ports declined
from August.
COMPARISON OF CALIFORNIA PETROLEUM PRODUCTION WITH
PANAMA CANAL EASTBOUND TRAFFIC.

880

360

840
320
300
\

1\
\
200

JJ»
/

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1

260

i i I

f

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180

/

140
p

120
V

100

80
60

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A VE RAGE

f

Total operating railroad revenues increased 4 per
cent in August, while the cumulative total for the
first eight months of the year was 19 per cent above
the corresponding total of a year ago. Operating
expenses increased 3 per cent in August and for the
eight-month period were 17 per cent in excess of the
expenses for the same period of 1922. The net operating income increased 16 per cent during the month,
while the cumulative total registered an increase of
33 per cent over the eight months ending August,
1922. The per cent of return on tentative valuation,
calculated at 4.94 for August may be compared with
4.93 for July and 2.70 for August, 1922.

18
LABOR.

OP MAIL-OROER HOUSES AND CHAINT TEN-CENT STOKES.

Employment in 1,428 representative United States
.factories totaled 2,030,000 workers on September 30
as against 2,032,000 on August 31. Employment in
New York State factories increased, while Wisconsin
employment declined during the month. The average
weekly earnings of New York State factory employees
increased in September, while for Wisconsin no change
from the preceding month was registered.
IMMIGRATION'. EMIGRATION, AND IMMTGRATION QTOTA.
!20 r

i

S § i I § s i

i i s i i

t i

PUBLIC FINANCE.

DISTRIBUTION MOVEMENT.

Total sales of the leading retail mail-order houses
increased in -September in. a seasonal movement, the
cumulative volume of business for the nine months of
1923 being 33 per cent in advance of the sales in the
corresponding period a rear ago. Sales of the leading
10-cent chain-store, systems declined in September but
wer- well above September, 1922. wSales of representative dtir>nrtmeiit- stores increased in September,
both over the preceding month and over September
a year ago. Wholesale trade in all lines for which
comparable data are available increased in September,
the weighted index for the country being 12 per cent
above September a year ago. Advertising in October
magazines increased over the preceding month as well
as over a year ago. Newspaper advertising in the
principal cities of the country increased in September,
both over the preceding month and over September a
year ago. Postal receipts in 50 selected cities
increased during the month, being $508,000 greater
than September, 1922.




The gross debt of the Government was further
reduced, being 3 per cent below September, 1922.
Ordinary receipts for the rune months of this year
exceeded by 18 per cent the corresponding total for a
year ago, while expenditures chargeable against ordinary receipts exceeded a year ago by only 6 per cent.
Customs receipts increased 5 per cent in September.
The total for the nine months emling September was
31 per cent above the same period last year.
The per capita distribution of money held outside
the United States Treasury and Federal Reserve System amounted to $43.45 on October 1 as against
$42.85 on September 1 and $41.04 on October 1,
1922.
BANKING AND FINANCE.
Debits to individual accounts and bank clearings
in New York City increased in September, while outside New York debits registered a decline and bank
clearings an increase over the preceding month.
Both debits and bank clearings outside of New York
were greater than September a year ago, but for New
York City these movements were considerably below
September, 1922. On page 20 are given index numbers for October and comparative months showing
the trend of debits to individual accounts at the
principal clearing-house centers, thus making the
tables published on pages 51 to 55 in the October
Survey (No. 26) current through October.

19
EMPLOYMENT IN VARIOUS INDUSTRIES.1
(Relative employment 1921=100.)
FOOD AND KINDRED PRODUCTS.

TEXTILES AND THEIR PRODUCTS.

IRON AND STEEL AND THEIR
PRODUCTS.

250

ttso

«60

.ttf

900

126

MO

«26

200

g

176

£ 150

|

160

&
o

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l76

\

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Z 125
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Z

AV

^182

19 1 AV E R A G E

RAO

/

126

921

. /

AVEf AGE

- ^

100

—

100

r
75

76

1921

60

*

1922

60

1921

I

1922

I

1923

METALS AND METAL PRODUCTS
(other than iron and steel).

CHEMICALS.

LEATHER AND FINISHED GOODS.

I

—

80S

000

i
Z 160
- ^

r

g 126

/

f

1Wl A

Ml « VER >GE

ut

19!

1 AVE R A

2B

100

75

60

I

1921

I

1922

I

I

1923

TOBACCO MANUFACTURES.

1921

'

1922

I

I

1923

VEHICLES AND LAND TRANSPORTATION.

1921

I

1922

I

1923

TOTAL, ALL INDUSTRIES
(1 ,428 factories).

260

1

226

200

176

V
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VSR

,QE

76

no
t

" 1921

(

1922

I-'1923

I

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X

/

II

in

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0

1.50

/

160

100

J

Z 125

100

A V ;HA< E

19

ERA JE

76

60

1921

I

I9M

| ~ l«3

I

1921

I

" 1M2

I

"1923*

» Detailed data, on which these charts are based, covering the 14 major industries as grouped according to classification in the census of manufactures will be found
on pages 52 and 53 of the September issue (No. 25) of the Survey of Current Business.




20
DEBITS TO INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS AT PRINCIPAL CLEARING-HOUSE CENTERS.
GROUPED BY FEDERAL RESERVE DISTRICTS.
Index number* relative <> 1919 monthly average.
t
1923

1922

1922

October. September.
108.8

91.0

104.0

118.0
120.4
117.4
114.6
113.9

99.5
100.6
106.5
88.9
113.9

121.8
122.5
121.7
122.9
133.3

109.8
111.5
110.6
121.7
109.7

83.3
98.8
107.6
110.8
82.5

94.9
108.0
122.8
123.3
94.1

ST. LOUIS DISTRICT:

11C. 4
115.2
135.9
195. G

102.8
100.5
118.9
127.9

118.3
115.4
143.4
141,9

MINNEAPOLIS DISTRICT:

103.2
66.7
122.7
92 2
105.8
93 3
146.6
119 0
115.0

102.1
82.2
121.9
93 9
99.4
101. 7
137.1
127.6
134. 0

114.2
78.9
132.4
103.8
117.1
110.0
162.9
118.1
140.0

98.2
92.6
£9 3
121.6
59 5

91.2
85.4
83.3
112.9
54.1

104.1
98.0
100 0
121.6
64 9

97.2
102 4
167. 8 .
99 3
95. 8
7 8 r>

UNITED STATES, 141 clearing-house centers

October.

90.0
98.8
169.8
82.6
96.8
73.4
81.7

110.0
121 8
215.2
102 0
113.8
83 8
102.1

BOSTON DISTRICT:

Total, 11 centers
Boston
Hartford
Providence

-

N E W YORK DISTRICT:

Total, 2 centers
Buffalo
Rochester
New York

1923

October. Septem- October.
ber.
CHICAGO DISTRICT:
Total * 1 ppntftrq
*

Chicago
Detroit
..
Indianapolis

104 6
104.6
105.5
108.1
113.5
86.8
85.3
117. i

Louisville
St. Louis
Memphis
.
LittleRock

.

122.8
102.6
121.6
121.3
213.9

96.3
97.8
94.9
98.8
72.7
88.9

106.2
100.0
106 8
106.2
90.9
100.0

86.8
114.4
85 0
75.8
09.4
101.5
83.0

119.9
87 9
87.5
74 1
113.3
92.6

113. 0
1^4 8
101.4
109. 8

103. 8
114.3
105. 8
72.8

120
136
118
90

116.2
174 9
89.5
98 8
79.1
173 0

.

©7.9
9J.0
98.1
84.6 f
147.2

93 8
124.7
85 7
81.8
77 6
119.2
102.1

.

no. 7

109 9
104.6
128.8
114.0
123.9
100.5
89.7
127. «
>

106 0
116.7
100 6
110.5
100.0
88.9

Grand Rapids
Sioux City

99 2
94.0
119.7
103.7
109.5
87.0
92.4

110»5
91.7
107.6
119.9
183.3

. .

121.5
212 8
88.4
100 0
82.5
J85 7

137 9
245 3
108.8
111 9
88 3
193 Q

PHILADELPHIA DISTRICT:

Total, 10 centers
Philadelphia
Scran ton

..

Total 9 centers
Duluth
Minneapolis
St Paul
Helena
Billings

CLEVELAND DISTRICT:

Total, 13 centers
Akron
Cincinnati
Cleveland

.

......

. . .

Younsjstown
Toledo
Columbus
RICHMOND DISTRICT:

Total 7 centers
Baltimore
Norfolk
Richmond
Charleston

. .
.

. . . .
..

ATLANTA DISTRICT:

Total, 15 centers
Atlanta
Birmingham
New Orleans
Jacksonville
Nashville
Augusta

89.2

.. .
k

. . .
.

KANSAS CITY DISTRICT:
Total 14 centers
Denver
Kansas Cit-v Mo
Omaha
St Joseph Mo
Oklahoma City . . . .
Tul<=a
D A L L A S DISTRICT:
T o t a l , l i centers .
Da 1 1 Houston
Fort W o r t h

.

S A N F R A N C I S C O DISTRICT;
T o t a l 18 centers
.

.

.

.

Lo^ Angeles
Portland, Oreg
San Krancisco
Seattle
Oakland Cnlif

94 2

BILLS DISCOUNTED AND TOTAL INVESTMENTS OF FEDERAL
RESERVE BANKS.

DEBITS TO INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS, 141 CLEARING-HOUSE CENTERS.

160
140

/
/

130

„

120

A

no

1
D
Z

Q
Z

i

/

to
i

ft

To
o

X
111

V

/

CO
OL

"A
)

V

90

A

IV

—

\

•
LJ
Q
2
D
I

80

70

\

!
60

r

>sv

1818




1820

1921

1922

1823

\ I i
I

1920

1921

/•
•

/

i

1922

i
1923

9
0
8
2

21
Bills discounted, notes in circulation, and total
deposits of the Federal Reserve banks increased in
September, while total investments, total reserves,
and the reserve ratio declined. Increased demand
for bank credit in September was evidenced by the
increase in the loans and discounts of Federal Reserve
member banks, the total on September 30 being 8
per cent in advance of September a year ago. Total
investments and net demand deposits of member banks
also increased in September, Interest rates on prime
commercial paper averaged higher in September,
while call loan rates declined, both, however, being
considerably above the prevailing rates in September,
1922.

preceding month aftd 10 per cent over the corresponding rnqnth a year ago. Slight declines in savings
deposits wei^e recorded, however, in the Philadelphia,
St. Louis, and Kansas City Federal Reserve districts.
Savings deposits in the United States Postal Savings
System continued to increase, and on September 30
totaled $133,101,000.
NUMBER OF BUSINESS FAILURES AND AMOUNT OP DEFAULTED
LIABILITIES.

LOANS, DISCOUNTS, AND TOTAL INVESTMENTS OP FEDERAL
RESERVE MEMBER BANKS.
14
13

——>-—
——

19

1

n

d
§
d© 8N0
BILLf

ie»J!il

80

i

1921

g

:

1 ! >

•

22

19

i '<

i

j

60

10'

8

1923

1821
*

j

12

40

\

i

t

i

i

t ! T1

1 !

!

14

60

\

1923

IN7E REST RATES AND '.BOND P R I C E S .
1920

>6

70

i i

OCT

1 BOND INDEX
[ NUMBER
1 INTEREST RATES
PER CENT

1 !

30

10

V

' ^

4

2

. P.

P» , 1 0 *

A\

6

20

ND

0

Savings deposits in 856 banks throughout the country,
representing over one-third of the total balance due
savings depositors, totaled $6,672,204,000 on October
1, registering an increase of almost 1 per cent over the




Business failures, both in number of firms and in
defaulted liabilities, declined in September from the
preceding month and from September a year ago.
Total dividend and interest payments were larger in
October than the disbursements a year ago, all classes
of corporations—industrial, steam railroads, and
street railways—showing increased payrr n s to
stockholders. New capital issues and new incorporations increased in September, but both movements
were considerably below September a year ago. New
municipal bond issues declined from August.
Prices of railroad stocks averaged higher in September but were 17 per cent below the prices prevailing
in September, 1922. Prices of industrial stocks declined in September, being 4 per cent below September
a year ago. Sales of stocks on the New York Stock
Exchange increased in* September but were about 35
per cent below a year ago. Prices of all classes of
bonds averaged lower in September. Bond sales on
the New York Stock Exchange registered a slight
increase in September but were 46 per cent below the
volume of September, 1922.

22
COMPARISON OF WHOLESALE PRICES AND STOCK PRICES.
(Twelve-month moving averages.)
| 240 I 120

1
& 230

^

5 "*

22 3 no
°

X
Q

210

i 105

Ul

u
£ 200

i

D 100

I'"
r 125
0

/

A

3 120

i" 5

i...

<
X

o 190

8 «
2
t
°-

~ 105
S

?

it

90
| 100

180

0*

/

86
95

170

t

*

80
90

160

I

85

/

70
/

65
75

130

f%
}%
\\\\
\
...

80

140

<

\

i
t

*
%
\

»••

i

\

\
\

%
\
\
%
%

#

%
\

*/
»/

§
i
t

\

i
$
$

\
%
%
%
%
%
%

*

\

s

y

my

0

1

y

70

—s

"s

/

^
/
/

55

/

65

110

/"

*

\

/

60
120

\

•

§

V f

i
$ /

75
150

r

/I
«
«
*

5>

i
»
$

/

50
100
45
90

60

56

i i i § i i i § i i i i i
i

1816

1

1617

|

1919

I

t § it

Domestic gold receipts at the mint increased 7 per
cent in September, while the Rand output of gold
declined during the month. Imports arid exports of
gold declined in September.
Silver production declined both from the preceding
month and from September, 1922, while imports and
exports of silver increased markedly in September
over the preceding month and over September a year
ago.
FOREIGN EXCHANGE AND TRADE.

Of 13 important foreign currencies 6 registered increases in September, 5 declined, and 2 remained
stationary. The general index of foreign exchange
at 63 for September may be compared with 62 for the
preceding month and 68 for September, 1922. Total
imports into the United States were $253,645,000 while
exports were $380,712,000.




i § i s

t

1922

I

I

1923

'

1924

I

EXPORTS PROM THE UNITED STATES AND THE UNITED KINO POM.
400

300

2
Z 200

iI

I f'
\ I

X

a
z
J00

A,
/
j)

1920

,

/ \
V

13 AVERAG

/
/

23
OCTOBER DATA.
The following table gives such October data as have been received to and including November 25, 1923.
1923
1922
October.

ITEMS.

Sepptem ber.

1923

October.

20,530
8,637
11,893

13,907
10,434
3,473

7,511
4,335
3,176

bales.. 3,637,150
26,816
bales
798,664
bales.
533,744
bales.
bales. .11, 381,945
bales.. !4, 287,119
33,837
thousands..

,597,605
6,608
689,435
483,852
773,173
r 147,830
33,930

,784,991
7,615
781,722
541,825
,102,583
,485,839
34,379

37,471
45,893

26,929
27,367

25,917
32,679

2,638
3,410

3,126
3,316

3,149
3,548

6,902

5,036

4,672

2.44

2.78

2.78

31.82
43.60
2.57

25.98
44. (54
3.03

24.37
43.84
3.02

145
133
12

335
313

310
295
15

1,538
1,420
118
12,700

1,178
1,102
76
897

977
915
62
1,125

thous. of tons..
thous. of tons..

45,173
8,578

J6,175
2,917

thous. of tons..
thous. of tons..

878
2,S06

1,373
3,112

49,171
8,724
1,290
3,099

thous. of lbs..
thous. of lbs..
thous. of lbs..
thous. of lbs..

79,880
36,086
19,531
21,610

78,210
45,786
12,629
10,910

84,196
51,574
15,711
14,730

long tons..

5,603

4,540

5,540

long tons..
long tons..

22,902
2,859

19,864
2,362

20,567
3,677

thous. of lbs..
thous. of lbs..

18,618
14,410

6,641
7,571

5,926
8,815

carload..
number of machines..
number of machines..

27,100
35,203
7,605

35,986
39,653
8,463

41,700
39,200 I
8.000

thous. of lbs..
thous. of lbs..
thous. of lbs..

October.

Wholesale prices:
Drugs and Pharmaceuticals
Essential oils
Crude drugs

IRON AND STEEL.

FUELS.

Coal production:
Bituminous
Anthracite
Coke production:
Beehive
By-product
NONFERROUS METALS.

Zinc:
Production
Stocks
Receipts at St. Louis
Shipments from St. Louis
Tin:
Consumption
StocksWorld visible
United States
Lead:
Receipts at St. Louis
Shipments from St. Louis
AUTOMOBILES.

128
122
195

158
133
206

158
135
206

thous. of bush.

6,733

5,577

6,424

thous. of bush.
thous. of bush.
thous. of bush.

48,300
32,477
23,776

45,314
18,474
26,55(5

40,488
16,450
28, 710

thous. of bush.
thous. of bush.

28,076
23,252

25,S37
11,615

thous. of bush.
thous. of bush.
thous. of bush.

131,048
10,436
35,464

100', 651
2,516
16,514

18,993
S', 689
155,517
1,105
20,488

thous. of bush.
thous. of bush.
thous. of bush.
tons.

1,850
7,600
1,000
74,382

4,440
3,600
1,400
85,230

3,700
4,000
1,200
87,786

thous. of bbls.
thous. of lbs.
thons. of lbs.

1,913
142,433
140,978

394
61,795
35,552

1,512
96,878
95,410

long tons.
long tons.

280,003
94,043

268,365
192,375

384,200
121,656

long tons.
long tons.
long tons.

€1,713
191,770
228,902

62,810
209,473
285,589

68,671
244,980
86,266

1,S19

FOODSTUFFS.

Corn grind ings
Grain movement:
ReceiptsWheat
Com
Oats
ShipmentsWheat
Corn
Visible s u p p l y Wheat
Corn
Oats
Argentine grain:
Visible supply—
Wheat
Corn
Flaxsced
Hay, receipts
Rice:
Receipts at mills
Shipments from mills
Stocks, domestic
Sugar, raw:
Meltings
Stocks at refineries
Sugar, Cuban movement:
Receipts, Cuban ports
Exports
Stocks, end of month

127
189
40,065

137
220
28,739

127
221
31,398

26,357
29,185
23,973
19,014
32,296

28,546
30,421
35,538
40,306
32,873

29,267
31,117
30,551
38,646
34,868

45,688
53,526

57,379
47,492

48,037
52,326

12,909
10,183

14,472
13,306

12,131
15,257

42.53
33.62

44.46
31.31

43.83
31.71

26,454
31,949

35,693
36,375

33,253
37,141

79,385
332,747

114,308
289,389

115,428
295,389

2,026

TRANSPORTATION.

Index of ocean freight rates:
United States Atlantic to United
Kingdom
weighted index number.
All Europe
weighted index number.
Freight-car movement:
Surplus—
Box cars
number.
Coal cars
number.
Total
number.
ShortageBox cars
number.
Cca lcars
number.
Total
number.
Car loadings (weekly average)—
Total
"
cars.
Grain and grain products
cars.
Livestock
cars.
Coal
cars.
To:est products
cars.
Ore
cars.
Merchandise and miscellaneous
cars.

25.3
22.7

20.8
20.7

23.4
22.9

265
1,584
3,716
91,039
47.273
179^ 239

30,527
5,651
41,745

15,116
7.205
24,477

6,476
5,439
15,331

3,943
3,068
12,336

§92,651 |l,039,018 1,073,085
50,435
49,428
52,140
39,698
43.755
40,353
195,145 178,261
191,677
72,724
74,023
59,655
73,461
59,340
4§,836
587,910 611,035 642,876

PRICE INDEX NUMBERS.

Dun's (1st of following mo.)
Bradstreet's (1st of following
mo.)

BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION.
Construction:
Volume
index n u m b e r . .
Cost (1st of following mo.)
index n u m b e r . .
Fire losses
thous. of dolls..
Oak flooring:
Production
M ft. b . m . .
Shipments
M ft. b . m . .
New orders
M ft. b . m . .
Stocks
M ft. b . m . .
Unfilled orders
M ft. b . m . .
Northern pine:
LumberProduction
M ft. b . m . .
Shipments
M ft. b . m . .
LathProduction
M ft. b . m . .
Shipments
M ft. b . m . .
Composite l u m b e r prices (1st of following mo.)—
Hardwoods
dolls, per M ft. b . m . .
Softwoods
dolls, per M ft. b. m . .
Turpentino—
Net receipts
barrels..
Stocks
barrels..
RosinNet receipts
barrels..
Stocks —
barrels..

index number.
index number.
index number.

Factory employment, U. S. (1,428 firms).thousands.

bales..
bales..

Pig iron, production
thous. of long tons..
Steel ingots, production
thous. of long tons..
Unfilled orders, U. S. Steel Corp., end
|
of month
thous. of long tons..
Wholesale price, composite finished
steel
dolls, per 100lbs..
Wholesale price:
Composite pig iron
dolls, per ton..
Iron and steel
dolls, per ton..
Composite steel
dolls, per 100 lbs..
Locomotives:
Shipments—
Total
number..
Domestic
.number..
Foreign
number..
Unfilled ordersTotal
number..
Domestic
number..
Foreign
number..
Freight cars, orders, domestic
number..




September.

CHEMICALS AND DRUGS.

TEXTU.ES.
WTool receipts at Boston:
Total
Domestic
Foreign
Cotton:
Stocks (world visible)
Imports
Exports
Consumption
Stocks at mills
Stocks at warehouses
Active spindles
Silk:
Consumption
Stocks

Shipments:
By railroad
Driveaways
By boat

1922
October.

ITEMS.

price index number.

151

158

158

price index number.

145

142

113

thous. of dolls.
thous. of dolls.
thous. of dolls.
thous. of dolls.
thous. of dolls.
thous. of dolls.
thous. of dolls.
thous. of dolls.

30,222
19,933
10,289
26,025
15,774
6,019
2,797
1,436

26,052
16,103
i 9,949
' 25,198
| 14,775
'' 6,324
2,431
1,668

37,743
22,577
15.166
30;193
18,085
7,246
2,985
1,877

thous. of dolls.
thous. of dolls.
thous. of dolls.
.thous. of dolls.

2,976
1,058
1,918
3,234

3,200
1,186
2,014
3,195

3,260
1,220
2,040
3,583

of dolls.
of dolls.
of dolJs.
of dolls.

22,817
23.078
40,136
301,239

21,833
22,126
44,810
530,778

21,800
23,078
51,713
230,261

thous. of dolls.

465,897

314,821

426,897

DISTRIBUTION.

Mail-order houses, total sales
Sears, Roebuck & Co
Montgomery Ward & Co
Ten-cent stores, total sales
F. W. Wool worth Co
S. S. KresgeCo
S. H. Kress Co
McCrory Stores Corp
Restaurant sales:
Total—two chains
Waldorf, Inc
Childs, Co
American Whol. Corp., total sales..
PUBLIC FINANCE.
U . S. interest-bearing debt
Gross debt
Customs receipts
Ordinary receipts
Total
expenditures
chargeable
against ordinary receipts

mills,
mills,
thous.
thous.

24
OCTOBER DATA—Continued.
1923

1923
1922
October.

ITEMS.

September.

ITEMS.
October.

22,322
18,399
19,668
15,272

16,799
17,261
15,071
13,900

17,730
16,183

666
469
2,299
3,212
1,842
77.6

264
862
2,248
3,193
1,930
76.4

297
884
2,225
3,191
1,959
76.3

Fuel.
Coal:
Bituminous, Kanawha, f. o. b.,
11,943
Cincinnati
dolls, per short t o n . .
4,530 I Anthracite, chestnut
dolls, per long t o n . .
11,158 i Coke, Connellsville
dolls, per short t o n . .
I Petroleum, Kansas-Oklahoma
dolls, per b b l . .
4.70
Rubber.
5.13
| Para, N. Y
dolls, per l b . .

11,249
4,541
11,162

11,877
4,545
10.891

5.00
4.38

4. 85
5.16

150
623
773

163
55G
41
720

372,902
132,790
14,392
520,1)84

i 404,940
j 124,905
I 14,984
i 54 i, 829
I

80,337 i 79,060
26,456 j 27,378
1,390 i
1,412
108,184
107,850
897 |
15,307 !
157.733 ;

226
4,313
86,328

880
450
5,158

None.
1,335
3,268

1,708
34; 047
201, 506
163,616
365,122

1,226
28,699
108,459
48', 048
156,507

.680
34.498

.642
31.698

4.44
.074
.042
.069
.390
.266
.184

4.54
.059
.044
.049
. 393
.265
.179

.481
.288
1.001
.814
.113
.130

.486
.306
.977
.749
.097
.124
63

1,440

1,170

176
Lumber.
668
55 j Southern pine, " B " and
845 | better
dolls, per M ft. b. m . .
J Douglas fir. No. 1 common
dolls, per Mft. b. m . .
444,936
152,061
Brick.
7,200 I1 Common red, N. Y
dolls, per t h o u s . .
604,197
Cement.
92,128 Portland
dolls, per b b l . .
30,697
1,915
Leather.
124,740
Green salted packer's heavy native
steers
dolls, per l b . .
617 Calfskin, country No. 1
dolls, per l b . .
7,417 Sole, oak, scoured backs, Boston
dolls, per l b . .
dolls, per sq. f t . .
79,528 Chrome calf, "B" grade, Boston
Boots and shoes:
1,618
Men's black calf blucher
dolls, per pair..
831
Men's dress welt, t a n calf, St. Louis.dolls, per pair..
4,055
Women's black kid, Goodyear,
St. Louis
."
dolls, per pair..
1,673 Sulphuric acid, 66° N. Y
dolls, per 100 l b s . .
79,302
Foodstuffs.
145,585
77,423 Cottonseed oil, New York
dolls, p e r l b .
223,008 Wheat:
No. 1 northern, Chicago
dolls, per bu.
No. 2 red winter, Chicago..
.636
dolls, per bu.
Flour, standard patents,
31.718
Minneapolis
dolls, per bbl.
Flour, winter straights, Kansas
City
dolls, per bbl.
4.52 Other grains:
.060
Corn, contract grades No. 2, Chicago..dolls, per bu.
.045
Oats, contract grades, Chicago
dolls,per b u .
.051
Barley, fair to good malting, Chicago, .dolls, per b u .
.391
Rye, No. 2, Chicago
dolls, per b u .
.264 Cattle and boef:
.179
Cattle, corn fed
dolls, per 100 lbs.
Beef, fresh native steers
dolls, por 100 lbs.
Beef, steer rounds No. 2
dolls, per 100 lbs.
.488
.311 Hogs and pork:
Hogs, heavy, Chicago
dolls, per 100 lbs.
Pork, loins,'fresh, Chicago
dolls, per 100 l b s . .
.986
.737 Sheep and .mutton:
Sheep, ewes, Chicago
dolls, per 100 l b s . .
.095
Sheep, lambs, Chicago
dolls, per 100 l b s . .
.118
63 Sugrr:
Wholesale, 96° centrifugal, N. Y
dolls, per l b . .
Refined, N. Y
dolls, per l b . .
2,185

WHOLESALE PRICES.

1

Tobacco.
Burley, good leaf, dark red,
Louisville

dolls, per 100 l b s . .

33.57
30.90
40.00
2.10
.137
.072
.346
.067

26.52
24.88
41.88
2.50
.134
.068
.418
.071

25.37
23.50
40.00
2.50
.126
.067
.417
.069

6.39
10.53
9.80
1.250

3.89
11.13
4.50
1.345

3.89
11.47
3.85
1.238

.196

.215

.246

49.86
19. 50

43. 70
17.50

15.25

20. 00

44.17
18.50
I

19.00

i

1.75 ;

1.75

.141 |

.227
.197
. 535
.465

.152 I

.490 |
.'140 j
I

1.75

. 154
. 156
.465
.440

6.28
4.85
4.25
.75

6.25
4.85
4. 25
.75

1.178 |
1.177

1.156
1.048

1.197
1.097

6.435

6.238

6.200

5.719

5.400

10. 245
15. .50
14. 00

5.280 !
]
.884 i
.413 I
.654 I
.698 j
10.6:36 '
17. 50
17.30

10.450
17.50
15.50

9. 360
25.80

8.638 j
27.30 I

7.775
21.00

5.325
13.500

5.481 !
13.188 |

5.275
12.77i>

.054
.066

.070 j
.082 I

.076
.090

6.35
4.85
4.25
.70

J20

.092 I

.691
.432
.660
.776

27.50

j

28.00

1.011
.439
.678
. 720

28.00

DEPARTMENT OF LABOR PRICE INDEX NUMBERS.

.946
1.700
1.035
3.690

.946
1. 650
1.035
3.690

.228
.424
.072
.108

.472
.071
.111

.301
.494
.075
.125

8.330

9.800

7.840

yd.
yd.
yd.
yd.

.836
1. 500
.824
3.285

dolls, per l b .
dolls, per lb.
dolls, per y d .
dolls, per yd..
dolls, per l b .

dolls, per
dolls, per
dolls, per
dolls, per

(Relative to 1913.)
Farm products.
Food, etc
Cloths and clothing
Fuel and lighting
Metals and metal products..
Building material
Chemicals and drugs
House-furnishing goods
Miscellaneous
All commodities

For detailed index numbers for this movement at the principal clearing-house centers see table on page 20.




dolls, per long ton.
.dolls, per long ton.
dolls, per long ton.
dolls, per 100 lbs.
dolls, per lb.
dolls, per lb.
dolls, per lb.
dolls, per lb.

I

CANADIAN COMMERCE.

mills, of dolls.

Metals.
Pig iron:
Foundry No. 2, northern
Basic Valley, furnace
Steel billets, Bessemer
Structural steel beams
Copper, electrolytic
Zinc, slab, prime Western
Tin, pig
Lead, desilverized

19,152
19,747

FOREIGN EXCHANGE.

Europe:
dolls, per £ sterling.
England
dolls, per franc.
France.
dolls, per lira.
Italy
dolls, per franc.
Belgium
dolls, per guilder.
Netherlands
dolls, per krona.
Sweden
dolls, per franc.
Switzerland.
Asia:
dolls, per yen.
Japan
India
dolls, per rupee.
America:
Canada
dolls, per Can. doll.
dolls, per gold peso.
Argentina..
Brazil
dolls, per milreis.
Chile
dolls, per paper peso.
General index of foreign exchange.. .index number.

Textiles.
Wool:
Ohio i to f grades
Worsted yarn
Wool dress goods
Men's suitings
Cotton:
Raw, N. Y
Yarn
Print cloth
Sheeting
Silk:
Raw. Japanese, N. Y

September. October.

WHOLESALE PRICES—continued.

BANKING AND FINANCE.

Debits to individual accounts: l
In New York City
mills, of doils.
Outside New York City
mills, of dolls.
Bank clearings:
New York City
mills, of dolls.
Outside New York City
mills, of dolls.
Federal reserve banks:
Total investments
mills, of dolls.
Bills discounted
mills, of dolls.
Notes in circulation
mills, of dolls.
Total reserves
mills, of dolls.
Total deposits
mills, of dolls.
Reserve ratio
per cent.
Member banks:
Total loans and discounts
mills, of dolls.
Total investments
mills, of dolls.
Net demand deposits
mills, of dolls.
Interest rates:
New York call loans
per cent.
Commercial paper, 60-90 days
per cent.
Life insurance:
Number of new policies—•
Ordinary
thous. of policies.
Industrial
thous. of policies.
Group
policies.
Total
thous. of policies.
Amount of new insurance—
Ordinary
thous. of dolls.
Industrial
thous. of dolls.
Group
. . . t h o u s . of dolls.
Total
.thous. of dolls.
Premium collections—
Oixlinirv
tbous. of dolls.
Indus rial
thous. of dolls.
Group
thous. of dolls.
Total
thous. of dolls.
War Finance Corporation:
To banks and livestock associationsAdvancements
thous. of dolls.
Repayments
thous. of dolls.
Balance
thous. of dolls.
To cooperative marketing associationsAdvancements
thous. of dolls.
Repayments
thous. of dolls.
Balance
thous. of dolls.
Business failures:
Firms
number.
Liabilities
thous. of dolls.
Bond sales:
Miscellaneous
thous. of dolls.
Liberty Victory
thous. of dolls.
Totai
thous. of bolls.
Silver:
Price at New York
dolls, per fine oz.
Price at London
pence per standard oz.

Bank clearings

1922
October.

138
140
188
226
135
183
124
176
120
154

144 i
147 I
202 !
176 |
144 !
182 .
128 i
183 !
121 i
154 I

144
J43
199
172
142
382
129
183
120
153

25

INDEXES OF BUSINESS.
The index numbers presented in this table are designed to show the trend in production, prices, trade,
etc., in various groups of industry and commerce. They consist in general in weighted combinations of series
of individual index numbers, and often the individual index numbers making up the series are also given. The
base year of all the index numbers is 1919, except prices which are on a 1913 base, and unfilled orders, on a
1920 base. The function of index numbers is explained on the inside front cover. A condensed form of this
table is given on p. 7.
1923

1922

EXPLANATION.
j All index numbers are relative to 1919 as 100, except
I
price*, vhich are relative to HJ13, and unfilled
\
orders, which are relative to U)20.

Maximum
since Jan.
1, 1920.

Minimum
since Jan.
1, 1920.

August.

September.

June.

July.

Per cent increase (-f-) or
decrease (--),
August.

September.

PRODUCTION.
153

Petroleum
Bituminous coal
Anthracite coal
] ron ore*
('opper
i d
Zinc
Gold
Silver
Total

73

107

133

95

98

121

3 31

+ 8.3

208
137
121
241
121
156
129
131
145
154

HAW M ATKRIALS, total
MlNKTLALS:

105
41
0
0
17
74
38
57
80
83

148
58
2
205
93
117
83
105
318
90

144
106
68
153
89
116
87
91.
313
133

195
118
13 8
212
317
156
314
71
108
144

207
316
313
232
317
347
334
94
115
148

209
326
121
241
122
342
110
101
13 2
155

204
139
40
237
117
335
104
108
106
138

-

227
143
]42
146
245
371
135
190
128

19
58
64
54
30
21
45
94
80

122
105
81
86
87
79
116
123
101

48
116
82
99
69
87
302
119
99

124
80
313
64
174
84
98
347
319

146
93
332
73
3 33
84
3 21
3 90
3 28

99
308
99
80
301
9!
120
132
130

59
312
97
1.17
83
95
117
129
108

380
218
211
85
353
367
206

61
43
49
32
4
54

] 615
393
132
53
353
74
179

235
1 S3
1J6
66
300
149
190

95
58
73
28
64
30
67

32L
307
84
26
37
37
68

146
207
3 46
65
96
72
178

349
314
497
282
316
467
291

45
4
2
35
22
4
58

121
165
214
139
69
68
129

159
314
344
251
166
154
187

332
7
339
39
308
16
334

106
15
122
80
34
37
96

549
532
208
976
799
785
566
1, 925
332

4
0
34
0
0
0
0
0
48

70
449
37
177

160

205
532
35
842
786
63
3 85
1
282

222
276
229

25

52
26
48

333
393
142

70
62
51
48
63
336

64
186
23
70
3 66

125
99
208
85
325

119
91
189
86
118

+

2.4
5. 6
96. 7
30.0
4. I
1.4
5. 5

6. 9

-

5. 4

-

3 1.0

ANIMAL PRODUCTS (marketings):

Wool
('attle and calves
Hogs
Sheep
Eggs*
Poultry*
Fish..!.
Milk (New York)
Total
(marketings):
Grains—
Corn*
Wheat*
Oats*
Barley*
y
Kice*
Total*

'

Vegetables— -

Pol aloes (while)*
Sweet potatoes*.
Tomatoes*.
Onions*
Cabbage*
Celery*
Total*
FruitsApples*
Peaches*
Citrus fruit*
Grapes*
Pears*
Wafennelons*
Cantaloupes*
Si rawbnrries*
Total*
(Jo1,1011. products—

Cotton*
Cottonseed*
Total*
Miscelhineous crops-—
Hay*
Tobacco*
Fhixscod*...
('anc sugar*
Total*
Grand total, crops

148
258
327
562
170
195

REST IMIDDUCTS:

Lumber
Pulp wood
Gum ("rosin and turpentine)
Distilled wood
Total

133
135
267
.151
135

99

!
1

312
0
i

2

23 I
;

i
46 i

o!
!

28
0
22
49
59
51
20
24
61

799
351

* Fluctuations between maximum and minimum largely due to seasonal variations.




- 40.4

+

3. 7

2.0
-1- 46.3
- 17. 8

+

4. 4

-

2. 5
2.3
1.8

123
3 44
3 40
93
3 34
65
334

+
+
-

35.8
30. 4
4. 1
43.1
39. 6
9. 7
24.7

102
140
99
325
72
67
103

3 53
259
368
213
145
108
378

+ 50.0
+ 85.0
+ 271.7
+ 70. 4
+101. 4
+ 61.2
+ 72.8

35S
55
205
603
328
288

212
366
61
859
557
78
3 41

+285. 5
+ 2.2
+ 10.9
+319.0
- 7.6
- 76. 2
- 53.0

140

262

+ 87. 1

212
5.19
642
101

46
408
91
20
396
575
307
44
332

26
7
23

28
4
24

51
45
50

342
3 56
3 44

+ 178.4
+ 246. 7
+ .188. 0

50
0
134

56
()
62
13
23
54

60
46
376
37
53
113

73
86
508
25
92
144

+
+
+
+
+
+

335
93
267
308
336

125
M)l
220
94
125

- 7.4
2 2- 17. 6
- 13.0
8. 1

87
3 29
9

1

2

332
307
232
322
333
1

322
92
247
111
324

1

J

2

Estimated.

1

2

Partly estimated.

18.3
87.0
188. 6
41.1
73. 6
27. 4

26
INDEX OF BUSINESS—Continued.
1923

1922

EXPLANATION.
All index numbers are relative to 1919 as 100, except since Jan.
1, 1920.
prices, which are relative to 1918, and unfilled
orders, which are relative to 1920.

since Jan.
1,1920.

August.

September.

June.

July.

August.

Per cent increase ( + ) or
decrease (—),
September
September. from August.

PRODUCTION—Continued.
MANUFACTURING :

Foodstuffs—
Meats
Wheat flour
Ice cream
P>utter
Cheese
Condensed milk
....
Glucose and starch
Oleomargarine
Rice
.....
Total
Textiles—
Cotton (consumption) . . .
Wool (consumption)
Total

-

9.4

+
+
+
-

14.4
20.1
16.7
20.8
12.5
3.0
10.0
50. 7
7.1

98
101
99

-

2.0
3.8
2.9

135
131
122
131

123
118
150
120

-8.9
- 10.6
-f 23.0
- 8.4

122
203
136

135
223
150

125
194
137

- 7.4
- 13.0
- 8.7

88
92
90

92
109
102

75
100
SO

- 18.5
- 8.3
- 11.8

96
108
83

131
126
178
244
202
169
121
135
122
233
113

75
64
40
41
64
41
20
38
29
35
78

93
111
166
200
150
105
67
104
42
$5
130

91
113
96
150
121
91
58
112
46
129
102

112
75
122
241
194
141
122
98
46
57
116

107
94
80
*260
1
180
1
140
1
90
75
M5
57
2
111

126
138
130

60
42
54

107
125
113

100
119
107

110
114
112

94
101
96

100
105
102

152
149
135
147

34
33
9
32

71
90
68
87

80
97
53
92

144
134
104
133

144
125
107
127

133
232
150

59
51
57

125
202
139

119
181
130

132
223
148

91
130
115

63
84
80

80
102
94

80
105
95

87
102
96

129
129
149

63
72
75

100
123
130

37
121
135

138
146

94
86

111
118

122
123

140
160
188
269
150

40
96
4
21
92

63
144
11
206
117

77
141
83
188
126

134
153
9
230
136

131
100
8
245
141

129
157
12
267
140

122
157
59
219
142

+391. 7
- 18.6
+ 1.4

124
124
196
119

53
48
33
57

99
78
174
109

103
79
171
110

94
86
185
114

97
79
.188
113

92
81
194
113

80
85
190
111

—
+
+
—

150
127
232
156
174

28
38
86
79
88"

111
82
190
117
137

107
87
185
116
135

92
112
200
156
146

125
113
197
147
153

150
109
232
142
174

93
102
212
135
146

- 38.0
- 0.4
-8.6
- 4.9
- 16. 1

119
128
144
124

50
79
64
70

117
109
144
124

105
106
126
113

101
100
132
113

95
100
132
111

102
105
132
115

96
102
126
110

-

79
239
221
146
132
117
147
139

2
48
20
36
81
74
98
30

3
166
157
102
110
102
126
116

5
126
130
81
105
101
125
95

13
229
149
127
123
112
140
99

199
99
99
112
102
140
90

6
209
114
108
119
111
144
85

3
199
99
100
110
102
141
83

- 50.0
- 4.8
- 13.2
- 7.4
- 7.6
— 8. 1
- 2.1
-2.4

106
108
97
1

1

1

1

150
130
1
80
100
1
50
07
1
112

125
103
70
103

1

2

101
104

Iron and steel—

Pig iron
Steel ingots
Locomotives
Total
Lumber—

Lumber
Flooring
Total
Leather—

Sole leather
Boots and shoes
Total
Paper and printing—
Wood DUID

Paper
Printing (paper purchases)
Newspaper printing (consumption)
Total
Chemicals, etc.—

Coke .
....
Petroleum products
Cottonseed oil*
Turpentine and rosin*
Total

1

115

1

105

1

- 17.2

116

Stone, clay, and glass—

Brick
Glass bottles
Cement*
Total
Metals, excepting iron and steel—

Copper smelting and refining..
Zinc smelting and refining
Enamel ware ..
. .
Lead
Total

0.0

-

5.4

13.0
4.9
1.0
1.8

Tobacco—

Manufactured tobacco and snuff
Cigars
Cigarettes
Total
Miscellaneous—

Shipbuilding
Automobiles *
Rubber tires *
Total
Grand total, all commodities
Grand total, 62 commodities
ELECTRICAL POWER

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION (total)*

• Fluctuations between maximum and minimum largely due to seasonal variations.




1

Estimated.

2

Partly estimated.

5.9
2.9
4.5
4.3

27
INDEXES OF BUSINESS—Continued.
1923

EXPLANATION.

Maximum
AII index numbers are relative to 1919 as 100, except since Jan.
prices, which are relative to 1918, and unfilled
1,1920.
orders, which are relative to 1920.

Minimum
since Jan.
1, 1920.

August.

1923

September.

June.

July.

August.

September.

Per cent increase ( + ) or
decrease (—),
September
from August.

STOCKS.
Cotton (mills and warehouses)
Pig iron
Lumber
Paper and pulp
Oils and naval stores
Brick and enamel ware
Nonferrous metals
Total

143
146
150
126
190
118
378
152

41
31
84
75
85
71
98
93

53
33
124
110
122
93
204
100

31
126
103
133
89
98
106

53
96
125
106
123
93
156
102

116

40

67

72

77

Hardware
Shoes
Dry goods
Groceries
Drugs
Meat packing
Total
RETAIL TRADE
(value).

117
78
116
99
121
68
92

58
39
64
62
88
43
62

68
111
80
103
56
81

96
78
116
84
105
60
85

113
64
89
87
107
67
84

MAIL-ORDER HOUSES (4 houses)
CHAIN STORES:

131

49

57

75

279
204
188
162
181
165

83
55
116
109
106
71

130
99
139
129
127
87

186
154

80
101

309
181

42
130
133
106
127
97
153
104

UNFILLED

46.3
9.5
3.9
5.6
4.1
1.0
17.4
5.7

41
147
134
*107
123
96
213
2
106

60
161
138
101
128
97
176
112

60

58

100
51
94
81
106
66
80

106
71
121
85
111
70
90

105
72
123
90
114
76
94

0.9
1.4
1.7
5.9
2.7
8.6
4.4

87

74

73

92

+ 26.0

136
118
141
129
134
118

155
97
»4
149
136
139

144
82
162
141
128
101

154
103
166
145
135
100

152
102
165
143
140
134

-f 3.7
+ 34.0

87
112

106

123
118

90
116

125

113
137

+ 15.3
+ 9.6

97
91

114
112

110
109

139
100

136
102

136
102

138
109

+
+

243
248
346
281
203
300
213
275
208
248

114
131
171
178
109
155
121
173
114
138

131
138
181
271
126
172
122
173
115
155

133
138
183
244
134
180
124
173
116
153

138
142
198
186
148
194
131
187
123
153

135
141
193
183
145
190
128
187
121
151

139
142
193
178
145
186
127
183
]20
150

144
147
202
176
144
182
128
183
121
154

3.6
3.5
4.7
1.1
0.7
2.2
0.8
0.0
0.8
2.7

249
311
218
375
272
244
249
247

135
122
103
152
168
118
146
138

173
138
127
191
261
129
149
155

168
136
132
199
236
132
150
153

158
165
119
215
184
144
155
153

153
154
120
209
179
141
154
151

153
152
125
203
177
137
154
150

139
163
131
176
196
158
158
154

9.2
7. 2
4.8
13.3
10.7
15.3
2.6
2.7

246
272
267
218
227

102
125
142
134
115

127
162
165
142
131

128
157
164
145
136

148
182
163
156
142

141
170
159
154
139

137
166
159
155
140

145
176
163
158
142

5.8
€.0
2.5
1.9
1.4

219

139

139

140

144

147

146

149

+ 2.1

2

ORDERS.

Total (based on 1920=--100)
WHOLESALE

-

3.3

TRADE

(value).

Ten-cent (4 chains)
Music (4 chains)
Grocery (21 chains)
Drug (10 chains)
Cigar (3 chains)
Shoe (5 chains)

-

1.3
1.0
0.6
1.4

DEPARTMENT STORES:

Sales (306 stores)
Stocks (265 stores)
PRICE INDEX NUMBERS.
(All price index numbers relative to 1913.)
FARM PRICES:

Crops (15th of month)
Livestock (15th of month)
WHOLESALE PRICES:

Department of Labor—
Farm products
Food, etc
Cloths and clothing
Fuel and lighting
Metals and metal products
Building material
Chemicals
House-furnishing goods
Miscellaneous
All commodities
Federal Reserve Boaid (Department
of Labor prices)—
Total raw products
Agricultural products
Animal products
Forest products
Mineral products
Producers' goods
Consumers' goods
All commodities

1.5
6.9

Federal Reserve Board Index—

Goods imported
Goods exported
All commodities
Dun's (1st of following mo.)
BradstreeVs (1st of following mo.) - - RETAIL PRICES, FOOD




*Estimated.

* Partly estimated.

28
INDEXES OF BUSINESS—Continued.
1923

EXPLANATION.

Maximum
All index numbers are relative to 1919 as 100, ex- since Jan.
cept prices, which are relative to 1918, and un- 1,1920.
filled orders, which are relative to 1920.

1923

Minimum
since Jan.
1, 1920.

August.

September.

June.

July.

August.

Per cent increase (+) or
decrease (—),
September
September. from August.

PRICE INDEX NUMBERS—
Continued.
COST OF LIVING, National Industrial

Conference Board:
Food
Shelter
Clothinc
Fuel and light
Sundries
All items weighted

....

219
175
288
200
192
205

139
143
153
149
171
155

139
165
153
181
172
155

140
165
155
187
172
156

144
172
169
178
173
160

147
175
170
176
173
162

146
175
171
176
173
162

149
175
175
176
173
163

4- 2.1

310
340

154
155
163

156
158
168

154
156
165

159
160
174

157
155
170

155
155
166

158
160
166

4-1.9
4- 3.2

588
537
670
366
1
326

306
283
504
154
160

331
297 .
571
163
163

329
293
582
158
163

409
372
568
160
180

407
369
566
157
175

413
369
567
163
173

424
381
569
155
173

4- 2.7
4-3.3
4-0.4
- 4.3
0.5

26:i
279
236
218

162
144
146
170

164
149
155
178

163
144
158
176

167
153
178
175

166
151
180
170

164
149
175
171

163
148
172
174

- 0.6
- 0.7
- 1.7
4-1.8

- 321
202

183
172

195
187

193
179

198
186

192
182

0.0

+ 2.3
0.0
0.0

4-0.6

FOREIGN WHOLESALE PRICES:

United Kingdom—
British Board Trade
London Economist
U. S Fed. Res. Bd
France—
Gen Stat Bureau
U. S. Fed. Res. Bd
Italy (Bachi)
Sweden
...
Switzerland
Canada—
Canadian Dept Labor
U. S. Fed. Res. Bd
Australia
India (Calcutta)
Japan—
Bank of Japan
U S Fed Res Bd

....

;

!

|

2

i January, 1020; no other figures for 1920 are available.

DATA

PRIOR

0.0

Since 1920.

TO 1921.

In response to many requests for data not shown in current numbers of the Survey, but which have been published in previous
issues, the following items are listed with the month oi" publication and the page on which the information appeared. Back
numbers of the Survey can he obtained from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C.
LUMBER AND CONSTRUCTION.

MISCELLANEOUS.

Michigan hardwoods and softwoods, production and shipments, monthly,
1918-1921; April, 1923, p. 49.
Pine lumber production, yellow and western, monthly, 1917-1921; April, 1923,
p. 49. (Southern pin.; revised, 1921-1923, October 26.)
Douglas fir, monthly, 1917-1921; December, 1922, p. 49.
Cement production, shipments and stocks, monthly, 1915-1922; September,
1923, p. 47.
Index of construction costs, monthly, 1914-1922; June, 1923, p. 52.
FUEL.
Coal production, monthly, 1913-1921; December, 1922, p. 48. (Bituminous for
1919 and 1920, and anthracite for 1920 have since been revised.;
Petroleum, production and stocks, monthly, 1917-1921; December, 1922, p. 48.
(Production and number of days' supply during 1921 have since bet-nrevised.)
Gasolinr and kerosene, consumption by States, 1921-1922; ^unit^ 1,000 barrels);
Ju y, '923, p. 45.
Coal an 1 oil, loaded for consumption by outgoing vessels, monthly, 1913-1923;
October, 1923, p . 61.
PATENTS GRANTED.
Total and agricultural, monthly, 1913-1922; April, 1923, p. 4H.
Internal-combustion engines, monthly, 1913-1922; June, 1&23, p. 52.
METALS.
Production of pig iron and unfilled orders of steel, monthly, 1913-1921: December,
1922,p. 47.
Composite prices of 14 iron and steel products, monthly, 1913-1922; April, 1923,
p. 48.
Steel furniture shipments, 1919-1922; inclusive, monthly, March, 1923, p. 45.
Sheets, 1920-1922; April, 1923, p. 53.
HydfauUc machinery, 1919-1923; September, 1923, p. 55.

Bradstroet's wholesale price index, monthly, 1913-1922; July, 1923, p . 45.
Fall River mill dividends, quarterly, 1913-1922: September, 1923, p. 48.
Debits to individual accounts at principal clearing-house centers, monthly,
1919-1923; October, 1923, p. 51 and 55 (substituted for similar table published
in April, 1923).
Wholesale trade by commodities, 1919-1922; April, 1923, p. 50.
Cotton ginnings, 1913-1922, April, 1923, p. 51.
Sault Stc. Marie Canal traffic, by classes of commodities, 1913-1922; March, 1923,
p. 48 and 50.
Stock prices, monthly average for 25 railroads and for 25 industrials, 1913-1921;
December, 1922, p. 47.
Total dividend and interest payments, monthly, 1913-1922; September, 1923,
p. 51. (The figure for July, 1917, should be $333,011 instead of $033,011 appearing on the table.)
Dividend payments, classified, monthly, 1913-1921: October, 1922, p. 46.
Wheat flour production, monthly, 1914-1922; October, 1922, p. 46.
Domestic and foreign money orders, quarterly, 1913-1922: March, 1923, p . 50.
Cotton consumption and stocks, monthly, 1913-1921; December, 1922, p . 49. Revised 1921 stocks, August, 1923, p. 55.
IndeN numbers of manufacturing production by groups, 1920-1921; inclusive,
monthly.
Automobile production, monthly, 1920-1923: July, 1923, p. 50.
Prepared roofing, 1919-192S: S- ptember, 1923, p. 55.
Wholesale price of smoked hams, September, 1923, p. 55.




29

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS.
The following table contains a summary of the monthly figures, designed to show tho trend in important industrial and commercial
movements. The numerical data for the latest months are given and in addition index numbers for the last four mouths and for two corresponding months of a year ago. In many lines the figures do not lend themselves readily to statistical uniformity, due to lateness of
their publication or publication at other than monthly intervals; therefore the following explanations of the various headings are offered
to make clear such distinctions and in general to facilitate the use of the table:
August, 1.92-L—This column gives the August figures corresponding to those for September shown in the next column—in other words,
cover the previous month, and in some cases, where indicated by a footnote, refer to the previous quarter; that is, ending June 30;
1923.
September, 1923.—-In this column are given the figures covering the month of September, or, as in the case of stocks, etc., the situation
on September 30 or October 1. In a few cases (usually where returns are reported quarterly only), the figures are for the quarter
ending September 30 or the condition on that date, Where this column is left blank, no figures for September were available at
the time of going to press (November 24).
Corresponding month. August, 1922, or September, 1922.—The figures in this column present the situation exactly a year previous to
those in the ''September, 1923." column (that is. generally September, 1922), but where no figures are available for September,
1923, the August. 1922, figures have been inserted in this column for comparison with the August, 1923, figures. In the case of
quarterly figures, this column shows the corresponding quarter of 1922.
Cumulative total through latest month.—-These columns set forth, for those items that properly can be cumulated, the cumulative total
for the nine months of the calendar years 1922 and 1923, respectively, except where the September, 1923, figures are lacking, in
which cade the cumulative total for eight months in each year is given.
Percentage increase (-[••) or decrease ( —) cumulative, 1923 from 1922.—This column shows the per cent by which the cumulated total
for the nine months ending September, 1923, is greater (-f) or less ( —) than the total for the corresponding period ended September,
1922,
Base year or period.—For purposes of comparison with a previous more or less normal period, all items, so far as possible, are related
to such a period by index numbers. The period taken for each item, called the base, is the monthly average of the year or period
stated in this column. Wherever possible, the year 1913 is taken as a base, and if no pre-war figures are available, 1919 is usually
taken to avoid using a war year as a basis. In some cases it will be noted that figures were not available prior to 1920 or even
1921. and that sometimes a month, or an average of a few months, has to be used rather than a year's average. Also, for some
industries, 1919 would not be a proper base on account of extraordinary conditions in the industry and therefore some more representative year has been chosen.
Index numbers.—In order to visualize the trend of each movement, index or relative numbers are given for the last four months and
for two corresponding months of a year ago. These index numbers are computed by allowing the monthly average for the base
period, usually 19J3 or 1919, to equal 100. If the movement for a current month is greater than the base the index number will
be greater than 100. If the converse is true the index number will be less than 100. The difference between 100 and any index
number gives at once the per cent increase or decrease compared with the base period. Index numbers may also be used to
compute the approximate per cent increase or decrease from one month to the next.
Percentage increase (-{--) or decrease ( —) September from August.—The last column shows the per cent increase or decrease of the figure
for the last month compared with the preceding month.
NUMERICAL DATA.
NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

Correspond-

In many cases October figures are
now available and may be found in the
special table on page 23; or in the detailed tables for each subject, pp. 54 to
208.

September,
1923.

INDEX NUMBERS.

month, !
August i
or September,

(+)

or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1923
from
1922.

1928

„„

ferceni ago
increase

Percentage
increase
19-22
BASE
TEAR

or d<>
cn*ase

or

( . _ ) •

PERIOD.

So,>jtember
June. J u l y . ! Aug. | Sept. from
Align s1 •

i Aug. Sept.

i!

TEXTILES.
Wool.
Consumption by textile mills,
grouse equivalent
..thous. of lbs..!
Receipts at Boston:
Domestic
thous. of lbs..
Foreign
thous. of lbs..

48,233

46,616

10,434
17,680
3,445
3,473
Total
t h o u s . of l b s . .I" 21,125
13,907
Imports, unmanufactured
thous. of lbs..
10,289
7,883
Stocks (reported quarterly), grease equiv.:
Total
thous. of lbs.. 3531,698 474,748
Held by manufacturers
thous. of lbs.. 3 263,113 | 223, 883
250,865
Held by dealers
thous. of lbs..
M ach iuery activity:
i
Looms, wide
per ct. of hours active..
77.6 !
70,3 I
Looms, narrow
per ct. of hours active..
67.4 j
63. 8 j
Looms, carpet ami
I
rug
.per ct. of hours active..
79.9
80.9 j
Sety of cards
per ct. of hours active..
33.2
94.0 |
Combs
per ct. of hours active..
84.4
55.5 !
Spin rung spindles-—
Woolen
per ct. of hours active...
89.0
88.9 j
Worsted
per ct. of hours active..
81.5
82.8 :
1
2
8

64,771 !

473,164

494,062 j - 4.4
|f

1921

10C> ; • -

164,700
174,445
339,146
277,789

8,594
12,710
21,304
* 27,892
525,174
295,867
231,307

117,084
260,364
377,448
363,073

!

- 28.9
' 49.3
+ 11.3
|+ 30.7
!

1913
1913
1913
1913

64
104 I 193
395 j 241
422 ! 147
237 j 180
227 i 114
272 ! '220 | 238 I 106

I

131
65
113
81

ii

100 ;..
3 91 i
99 !
8 151 I
143 L
160
368 |
78 L
67

2 1920
2 1920
2 1920

77 ! 68 '••!•
74 !~
62 ! -

41.0
0.3

34.2
23.4

90 i - to. 7
122

i;

72.4
71.3

1921
1921

80.9 |
91.3 !
93.2

1921
1921
1921

88.1
84.0

1921
1921

92 '

II
|j

113
105

1.8
5.0

150 i 158 ;! 1M ; 144 ; 156 : 158
124 ! 128 ^ 147 j 1H2 130 131
96
105
115 ! 109
95
96

Covers first 21 days only dining which period, the old tariff law was in effect; remaining 9 days included ' ith October.
Relative to last two quarters o* 1920.
Quarler ending June 30.




3.4

t

1.3
0.8
1.1

120

0.0
1.0

105 !! 131 j 117 ID
112 !! 130 • 115 • 100
i

123

129 I 126 | 124

124

us ; no i loo • loi

30
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.
NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

In many cases October figures are
now available and may be found in the August, Septemspecial table on page 23: or in the de- 1928.
1923.
tailed tables for each subject, pp. 54 to
208.

Corresponding
month.
August
or September,
1922.

INDEX NUMBERS.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1922

1923

Percentage
increase
or decrease
cumulative
1923
from
1922.

1922

Percentage
increase

1923

TEAR

or deease

or
PERIOD.

Aug. Sept.

uly. Aug. Sept.

)eptember
from
August.

TEXTILES—Continued.
Wool—Continued.
Looms and spindles:
Woolen spindles.per ct. of active to total.
Worstedspindles.per ct. of active to total.
Wide looms
per ct. of active to total.
Narrow looms
per ct* of active to total.
Carpet looms
per ct. of active to total.
Prices, unwashed, Ohio, \ and | ' s grades,
Boston.
dolls, per lb.
Worsted yarn
dolls, per lb.
Wool dress goods
dolls, per yd.
Men's suitings
dolls, per yd.

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

84
85
77
81
85
.946
1.750
1.035
3.690

.946
1.700
1.035
3.690

1.450
.815
3.285

491,604

483,852

494,013

807
1,179
914
2,503
3,420
244,415

773
2,148
1,598
3,433
6,608
689,435

1,066
3,218
2,229
5,157
15,012
368,890

38,556
8,178
11,964

38,169
6,656
16,359

51,302
9,132
14,753

430,072
444,491

430,361
438,968

33,709
r,569
202

33,930
7,482
200

33,316
7,761
209

.241
.255
.432
.064
.111

.272
.286
.472
.071
.111

.200
.215
.412
.066
.108

110
109
97
104
121

- 0.9
- 2.6
0.0
- 0.9
-0.8

1913
1913
1913
1913

83
83
77
80
84

175
187
145
213

0.0
- 2.9
0.0
0.0

Cotton.
Consumption by textile mills
Stocks, end of month:
Mills
thous. of bales..
Warehouses
thous. of bales..
Visible supply
thous. of bales..
Total domestic, ginned
thous. of bales..
Imports, unmanufactured
bales..
Exports, unmanufactured
bales..
Manufactured goods:
Cotton cloth exports
thous. of sq. yds..
Fabric consump. by tire mfrs.. thous. of lbs.
Elastic webbing sales
thous. of yds..
Fine cotton goods:
Production
pieces..
Sales
pieces..
Machinery activity, spindlesActive
thousands..
Total activity
mills, of hours..
Activity per spindle
hours..
Prices:
Raw cotton to producer
dolls, per lb..
Raw cotton, New York
dolls, per lb.
Cotton yarn
dolls, per lb.
Print cloth
dolls, per yd.
Sheeting
dolls, per yd.

4,445,254 4,982,974 f 12.1

1913

109

102

112

76
87
52
70
72
38

79
183
72
125
25
51

100
70
36
65
66
30

- 4.2
+ 82.2
+ 74.8

227,185
315,378 + 38.8
3,849,459 2,894,594 - 24.8

1913
1913
1913
1914
1913
1913

347,684 - 22.5
93,580 + 13.4
126,499. + 3.5

1913
1921
1919

135
164
119

138
136
100

95
151
103

- 1.0
- 18.6
- 13.4

414,782 3,408,950 3,910,546 + 14.7
574,439 2,881,366 3,148,181
9.3

1919
1919

107
72

108
129

120
60

+ 01
.
- 12
.

1913

107

110

115

+ 07
.
- 11
.
- 10
.

167
168
167
191
176

218
222
185
203
194

196
202
177
192
190

201
199
175
187
181

448,671
82,508
122,215

292,843

•313,665 + 7 1
.

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

102

-

1.6

+ 37.2
+ 93.2
+182.1

+
+
+
+

12.9
12.2
9.3
10.9
0.0

Knft Underwear.
Production
Orders received.
Shipments
Cancellations
Unfilled orders, end of month

doz.
666,000
738,900
579,600
doz.
667,000 1,514,700
657,900
doz.
708,300
780,300
891,900
doz.
10,800
11,700
40,500
doz. 1,858,500 2,649,600 1,687,500

5,636,700 6,153,300 + 9.2
6,054,300 6,066,900 + 0.2
6,924,700 6,822,000 + 15.1
135,900
155,700 + 14.6

1920
<1920
<1920
<1920
U920

105
630
179
39
314

98
652
170
24
336

124
375
145
32
348

107
464
153
36
380

125 113 - 9.9
661 1,500 +127.1
194 154 - 20.6
81
22 - 73.3
370 527 + 42.6

1913
U920
1920
1913

210 U 4 8
195 192
63
72
195 210

138
156
50
211

224
160
45
197

170
188
50
202

+
+

1118
177

14
63

130
70

119
64

133 + 11.4
49 I- 24.3

Silk.
Imports, raw
Consumption, raw
Stocks, raw, end of month
Prices, raw, Japanese, N. Y

thous. of lbs.
bales.
bales.
dolls, per lb.

4,858
33,547
25,459
7.350

4,520
26,929
27,367
9.800

14,230
34,212
36,795
7.644

38,940
263,640

45,667
284,001

Burlap a n d Fiber.
Imports:
Burlap
thous. of lbs.
Fiber (unmanufactured)
long tons.

40,949
18,424

45,136
14,144

140,100
122,145

378,992
181,115

453,641 + 19.7
232,602 + 28.4

17.3
7.7

1909-13
1909-13

i Covers first 21 days only during which period the old tariff law was in effect; remaining 9 days included with October.
< Six months' average, July to December, inclusive.
* Eleven months' average, February to December, inclusive.




7.0
19.7
7.5
33.3

31
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.
NOTJ;.— Detailed tables covering; all items are
gho'i in this number. Consult index at end
of "bulletin.

In many cases October figures are
nou available and may be found in the August, September,
special table on page 23: or in the de1923.
1928.
tailed tables for each subject, pp. 54 to
208.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

Corresponding
month,
August
or September,
1922.

(

-y

or decrease

(-)

1922

1923

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase

cumulative
1923
from
1922.

1928

1922
BASE
YEAR
or
PERIOD.

Percent'
age
increase
or decrease
(-j

Sentember
Aug. Sept. June. July. I Aug. Sept. from
August.

METALS.
Iron a n d Steel.
Iron ore movement
thous. of short tons..
Production:
Pig iron
thous. of long tons..
Steel ingots (prorated).thous. of long tons..
Merchant pig iron:
Production
thous. of long tons..
Pales
thous. of long tons..
Shipments
thous. of long tons..
Unfilled orders
thous. of long tons..
Slocks, merchant
furnaces
thous. of Ion? tons..
Stocks, steel plants
thous. of long tons..
Lake Superior iron ore:
StocksTotal:
thous. (if tons
At furnaces
thous. of tons..
Ou Lake Erie docks
thous. of tons..
Consumption
thous. of tons..
Steel castings:
Total bookings
short tons..
Rmlroad specialties
short tons..
Miscellaneous bookings
short tons..
Exports (comparable)
thous. of long; tons..
Exports (total)
thous. of long tons..
Imports
thous. of long tons..
Unfilled orders, IT. S. Steel Corp.,
end* of month
thous. of long tons
Foundry production, Ohio..per ct. of normal...
Mdtings
long tons..
Total stocks
long tons..
Receipts of iron
long tons..
Wholesale prices:
Pig iron—
Foundry No. 2,
Northern
dolls, per long ton..
Basic,
Valley furnace.. .dolls, per long ton..
Steel billets, Bessemer.dolls, per long ton..
Iron and steel
dolls, per long ton..
Composite pig iron
dolls, per long ton..
Composite steel
dolls, per 100 lbs..
Composite finished steel-dolls, per 100 lbs..
Structural steel beams...dolls, per 100lbs..

10,485

9,468

6,658

32,615

45,351

1913

1U

83

115

126 I 131 118 -

9.7

3,435
3,677

3,126
3,31.3

2,034
2,818

18,306
24,427

31,069 ij+ 69.7
33,720 |j+ 3K.0

1913
1913

71
104

79
112

143
149

144
139

134
146

122 131 -

9.0
9.9

221
182
256
929

2,119
3,095
2,922

4,605 + 117.3
3,454 + 11.6
4,061 + 39.0

1914
1914
1914
1914

51
68
89
82

58
55
77
71

151
51
137
79

144
66
118

132
92
123
62

120
91
117
57

S.8
0.7
5.4
7.4

191!
1921

21
24

20
16

61

82

93
90

« 1919
6
1919
•1919
« 1919

123
133
99
64

137
147
111
74

27.2
8.8
48.2
11.1
6.7
100.6

1913
1913
1913
1913
1922
1913

96
82
105
52
87
188

100,838

189,888 + 88.3

67,235

151,459 + 125.3

1913
1922
1922
1922
1922

500 I
303 I
410

301 ;

388 j
746 |

151
31

705
170

TO!

32,831
26,924
5,907
5,353

37,450
30.430
7,020
4,814 j

A2,777 I
9,029 '
2,990

50,515
18,332
32,183
127 |
163 |
44 |

47, 574
21,685
25,889
138
174
36

97,919 j
56,781
41,138
109
131
176

5,415
79. 56
18,048
23,033
14,899

5,036
6,692
71.51
62.68
18,774
13,639
22,830 | 16,679
|
12,876 j
i 7,187

147 !

41,^05 I
i

589,562
314,496
275,066
1,338
1,596
319

749,815
342,062
407,753
1,189
1,489
640

+
+
+
+

102 + 9.6
78 - 13.5

123
137
86
120

+
+
+
-

1.
41
13.0
18. S
10.1

+
+
+
-

5.8
18.3
19.6
8.7
6.7
18.2

+
181 j 156 -

7.0
10.1
4.0
0.9
13.6

55
145

01
143

108
121
73
133

148
214
104
48
77

128
161
106
59
102
250

79
63
89
62
102
196

76
69
81
56
96
166

94
91
97
60
103
131

101
139
104
73
112

113
121
112
75
S7

108
157
198
118
189

100
165
207
127
183

92
154
148
103

So
138
154
102

no
82 I 101

26.52 !

26.52

36.65

1913

202

229

185

170

166

166 !

0.0

24.75
42.50
44.87
26.10
3.03
2.78

24.88
41.88
44.64
25.98
3.03
2.78
2.50

32.63
39.50
43.79
32.48
2.51
2.43
2.10

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

181
140
151
180
137
138
116

222
153
166
211
146
146
137

186
165
175
189
176
168
169

171
165
172
175
176
167
166

168
165
170
169
176
167
166 j

169 i

0.5
1.5
0.5
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0

234,112
80.1
234,486
116,659
316,972

185,557
71.5
205,772
223,556
343,096

202,600
80.4
190,027
188,863
378,574

1920
1920
1920
1920
1920

133
120
125
125
65

118
111
110
134
55

127
110
135
123
73

102

59

137
110
136
83
46

134,606
32,252

114,313
29,975

123,439
21,241

1920
1920

103
343

110

130
534

126
574

120
577

2.50 j

162
170
168
176 !!
167
166

Finished Iron a n d Steel.
Sheets, blue, black, and galvanized:
Production (actual)
short tons..
Production
per cent of capacity..
Shipments
short tons..
Sales
short tons..
Unfilled orders
short tons..
StocksTotal
short tons..
Unsold
short tons...

I
1,599,093

2,105,739 + 31.7

1,519,770
1,665,118

2,150,618 + 41.5
1,862,950 + 11.9

i Covers first 21 days only during which period the old tariff law was in effect; remaining 9 days included with October.
5 Eleven months' average, February to December, inclusive.
• Twelvo months' average, June, 1919, to May, 1920, inclusive.




112

108 | | 98 j | 120 j j 159 :+
| 50 i+

20.7
10.7
12.2
91.0
8.2

102 - 15.1
536 i - 7.1

32
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.
NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.
In many cases October figures are
now available and may be found in the
special table on page 23; or in the detailed tables for each subject: pp. 54 to
208.

August,
1923.

September,
1923.

Corresponding
month,
August
or September,
1922.

i

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGn
LATEST MONTH.

1922

1923

INDEX NUMBERS.
Percentage
increase

(+)

or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1923
! from
1922.

Percent*
age
increase

1923

1922
BASE
YEAR

or
PERIOD.

(

-y

crease
or de(-)
September
A u g . Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept. from
August.
1

METALS—Continued.
Finished Iron and Steel—Continued.
Steel barrels:
Shipments
Production
.
Unfilled orders
\ o w orders..
Structural steel:
Sales (prorated)
Stiles

barrels..
per ct of capacity
barrels
. barrels

217,127
41.0
360,764
144,259

164.511
30.0
335,321
122,217

206,448

. ..short tons
per et of capacity

147,500
59

132,500 :
53 :

37.0
322,632
146,709

1,723,763

1,933,973

4- 12.2

1921
4

1,652,782

3,114,890 1 + 88.4 i

160,000
04

1,505,600

1,507.500 i +

335

119
113

13

313
22

700
585
175

1 497

1 178

1 100

1 102
70

0.1 i

1921
1921
1920
1913
1913

87

184
213
138
92

239
210
98

188
249
180
69

178
135

167
127

133
102

133
102

154

78
192

89
235

31

218
237
132

185

194

147
172
143
76

24 2
- 27.1
-8.6
— 15 6

139
106

— 10.2
- 10.2

15

109
285
25

-f 23.2
+ 20.8
+ 69.2

113
157
21

123
18

236
156
90

118

Iron and Steel Products.
Locomotives:
ShipmentsTotal
number..
Domestic
number
Foreign..
number
Unfilled ordersTotal
number
Domestic
number
Foreign
number
Freight cars: Orders, domestic
number..
Ship construction:
Vessels under
construction
thou^ of gross tons
New vessels
completed
thous. of gross tons..
Stokers:
Sales
. . number
Sales
horsepower
Steel furniture, shipments
thous. of dolls..
Hydraulic machinery:
New orders
thous. of dolls
Shipments
thous. of doll**
Unfilled orders
thou^. of dolU
Agricultural pumps:
Shipments—Total
thous. of dolls
Pitcher, hand, ele
number..
Power pumps
number
Copper and Brass.
Copper:
Production
thous. of lbs
Exports
thous. of lbs..
Wholesale price,eleetrolyl ic. .dolls, per l b . .
Brass faucets:
Orders received
number of pieces
Orders shipped
number of pieces
Tubular plumbing sales:
Quantity
number of pieces..
Value
dollars
Zinc.
Production
Stocks end of month
Receipts St. Louis
Shipments, SI. Louis..
Price, slab, prime western

thous. of lbs
thous. of lhs
thous. of lbs
thous. of lbs
dolls, per l b . .

272
259

91
2, 7*0




1913

141

IfjO
11

H

- 34.4

194

217

- 10.6

115

1. 101
9,120

649,112 !-f 31.3
12,073 + 39.0 |

1 523
1,01.5
3 942

9, 730
8, S.")3

r 413
>

1 029 :
1,592 .
4 737 :

023.
42, 527
3 200

524 !
33,712
2 918 '

593
50, 799
.3 370

4,380
414,400
25 189

94,975
58,107
.138

678 052

1, 345

1 253

1 858

131 OSS
OS, 878

125 289
08,SN9

. 139

.131

272,974

33s, 221

425,032

389, 845

125, S05
124 525

35, 900
36 3741

83 250
52 942

78 2H

60 268

45 7s0

37 012
11.791
10 S82

78
104

111
151
27

207

131
185

99

24
17

20
14

22

15

14

5

13

(7)

58

22

— 21 3
— 21 6
- 16.5
9 - 67.7

89

26

12

14

+ 13.5
- 47.6

6

- 26.3
- 15.6
140 j - 5.4

58

55
100
137

136
148

115

104

113
154

1919
1919
1919

64
84
61

92
79
66

96
123
107

83
137
100

76
144
91

62 1- 17.9
123 - 14.3
12.5
79

1919

105

97

108

109

102

86 k 15.9

68
158

5,489 + 25.3
477,705 -f- 15 3
30 258 '+ 21 7

42

-- 20.7
- 10.5

1,087 204 '+ 60.4
576,078 !+ l.l

I

49 |

148

77
117

1919
1919
1919

14 387 + 4 7 «
13, 800 -I- 50.6

569, 860

350, 447
33S, 307

25
15

1919

1,253 '+ 13.8 i

494, 258

99
00, 480
1.273 ,

201
12

1920

40,505
1,002

13.")
71,093

76

103
7

1920
1920
1913

255

21

82,002

120, OiO

39

118
24

1920

110
10.350

49

1920
1920

1 463
1 347

S97

1913
1913
1913

98
89
87

93
83
87

123

123

98

94

123 98 1
S5 -

128

90
92

88

4.4
0.0
3.6

j-f 23.9
; - 8.3

.
!

21 1X3
21,550
.1X17

* Six months' average, July to December, inclusive.
Index number less than i.

7

6

4-1%. 2 !
+261.5 |
136 - 22.3

2, 251
2,115

12 029
10.910
.008 ,

1

163, 508

!-}••

160 080

. 009

i

501,394
103,504
198,517

790, 078
198,795
168,573

+ 58.9

1913
1913
1913
1913

-4- 21.0
- 15.1
1

109

1913

113

53
48

79

115
46

148 i 149
52
42
87
100
79 ' 91

43
59
118 1 110 , 110

8 . 0

-f 9.5

144 ! 135 6.1
56 - 13.5
65
77 , 46 ' - 40.4
70 ! 38 - 49.4
114

117 I-!-

1.5

33
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.
NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

In many cases October figures are
now available and may be found in the
special table on page 23; or in the detailed table for each subject, pp. 54 to
208.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL

August,
1023.

September,
1923.

Corresponding
month,
August
or September,
1922.

THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1922

Percentage
increase
(+)
or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1923
from
1922.

1923

INDEX NUMBERS.

BASE
YEAR

or
PERIOD.

j Percentage
in1922
1923
crease
(+)
or decrease
(-)
September
Aug. Sept. Juno. July. Aug. Sept. ! from
| August.

METALS—Continued.
Tin.
Stocks, end of month
World visible supply
U. S. consumption
Imports
Wholesale price, pig tin

long tons.
long tons.
long tons.
thous. of lbs.
dolls, per lb.

2,8S7
18,754
5,510
12,709
.393

2,362
19,864
4,540
9,408
.418

1,236
22,879
5,050
1
7,379
.323

Lead.
Receipts, St. Louis
thous. of lbs.
Shipments, St. Louis
thous. of lbs.
Wholesale price, pig, desilverized, dolls, perlb.

10,792
7,858
.067

6,641
7,571
.071

19,245
10,935
.062

157,179
81,117

102,208 oS, 727 -

48,864
8,868
1,494
3,239
939

46,175
2,910
1,373
3,112
740

40,964
4,979
606
2,244
38

267,629
27,178
4,790
19,703

413,539
70, 785
14,518
28,472

2,117
442
99

1,769
176
95

1,175
89
35

6,208
1,139
255

3.89
2.40
10.63
4.56

3.89
2.40
11.13
4.50

7.39
5.04
10.53
11.13

1913
1913
1913
1913

8.80

8.73

10.83

1913

192 !

225 184

183 !

14.00

14.50

1913

220 '

212 196

198 I 201

4,675
1,579
3,095

4,571
1,492
3,079

4,049
1,358
2,691

34,345
13,115
21,230

1919
1919
1919

126 ; 125 139
123 ! 116 144
127 i 130 136

3,211
1,352
3,378
100,500

3,183
1,353
3j 205
107, 100

2,899
1,361
3,125
92,200

23,962
9,338
20,029
788,000

28,455
10,480
23,844
956,800

18.8
12.2
19.0
21.4

1919
1919
1919
1913

96
142
171
331

101
99
112
148
175 j 160
398
354

104
127
178
382

405,644

533,133 + 31.4

1913

225

297

315

1913
1919

250
133

42,175
94,030

53,019 -f 25.7
117,732 + 25.2

35.0
27.6

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

152
195
114
86
72

67
185
138

116
171
148
115
92

110
162
145
132
86

156
152
151
133
88

128 i - 18.2
160 | + 5.9
- 17.6
- 26.0
6.4

1913
1913
1913

294
140
133

351
125
140

185
62
164

129 i 197
64 i 90
145 [ 153

| - 38.5
- 3.7
+ 6.0

1913
1913
1913
1913
1921

114
56 103
114
2 ! 65
63
19 ] 22
169 I 212 299
29

1909-13
1909-13
1909-13

39 | 107 220
145
10 | 31
88
36 i 48

FUEL AND POWER.
Coal and Coke.
Production:
Bituminous coal
thous. of short tons.
Anthracite coal
thous. of short tons.
Behive coke
thous. of short tons.
By-producl coke
thous. of short tons.
Storage, anthracite
thous. of long tons.
Exports:
Bituminous
thous. of long tons.
Anthracite
thous. of long tons.
Coke..:
thous. of long tons.
Wholesale prices:
Bituminous—
Kan.iwha, f. o. b.
Cm. inn iti
dolls, per short ton.
Mine average
dolls, per short ton.
Anthracite, chestnut...dolls, per long ton.
Coke, Connellsville.. .dolls, per short ton.
Retail prices:
Bituminous,Chicago..dolls, per short ton..
Anthracite, chestnut,
New York
dolls, per short ton..

+ 54.5
+ 160.4
+203.1
+ 44.5

14,435 + 132.5
3,446 + 202.5
930 + 264.7

336
410
198
456

188
207
200
195

113
109
57
307
34

123 116 !- 5.5
116 38 - 67.2
53
49 - 8.1
| 306 294 - 3.9
| 35
- 21.2
|
;

207 : 193
158 153
82 i 136

161 - 16.4
61 - 60.2
-4.0

177
193
200
187

0.0
0.0
210 + 4.7
177 - 1.3

\
i
I
|

177
195
200
187

183 183 - 0.8
208 +

3.6

Electrical Energy.
Production, central stations:
Total
mills, of kw. h o u r s . .
By water power
mills, of kw. h o u r s . .
By fuels
mills, of kw. hours..
Fuel consumed:
Coal
thous. of short t o n s . .
Oil
„
thous. of barrels..
Gas
millions of cu- ft..
Gross sales, central stations
thous. of dolls..

41,238 + 20.1
14,994 + 14.3
26,244 + 23.6
|+
+
+
+

140 ; 144 141
136 | 130 123
142 153
152

2.2
5.5
0.5

J 110
| 147
| 189
| 386

109
147
180
412

0.9
0.0
5.1

318

311

Petroleum.
Crude petroleum:
Production
Stocks, end of m o n t h Total (comparable)
Day's supply
Tank farms and pipe
lines
Total at refineries
Consumption
Imports
Shipments from Mexico
Price, Kansas-Oklahoma..
Oil wells completed

thous. of b b l s . .

8

65,936

64,352

45,291

thous. of bbls..
number..

303,305
148

311,433
152

263,761
160

thous. of bbls..
thous. of bbls..
thous. of bbls..
thous. of bbls..
thous. of bbls..
.dolls, per b b l . .
number..

298,872
34,271
62,447
7,580
13,019
1.450
1,465

307,208
32,753
60,447
6,022
11,282
1.345
1,278

251
138

276 I 285 | 289 297 +
135
128 I 128
131 +

. + 2.
33,615
49,572
i 6,462

225 j 212
1919
228
421,866
517,411 + 22.6
227 i 249
1913
242
101,855
55,137 - 45.9
1913
565 i 435 ; 396
149,020
11,367
108,699 - 27.1
526 I 553
1913
642
1.250
134 | 155
1913
134
1,572
13,303
0.4
13,248
1913
107
115
i Coversfirst21 days only during which period the old tariff law w a s in effect: remaining 9 days included with October.

7 No quotation.
8
He vised.
68690°—23




3

2.7
2.7

225
281
465
561
155
109

229
i 2S6
| 511
| 603
| 155
I 92

219 | - 4.4
- 3.2
406 !- 20.6
523 - 13.3
144 - 7 . 2
- 12.8

34
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.
NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.
In many
cases October
figures
are
now available and may be found in the
special table on page 23; or in the detailed tables for each subject, pp. 54 to
208.

INDEX NUMBERS.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL

August,
1923.

September,
1923.

Corresponding
month,
August
or September,
1922.

THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

( }

t

or decrease

(-)

1922

1923

Percentage
increase

Percentage
increase

cumulative
1923
from
1922.

1922

1928

BASE
YEAR

or
PERIOD.

or decrease
September
Aug. Sept. June. July. A u g . Sept. from
August.

FUEL AND POWER—Continued.
Petroleum—Continued.
Gasoline:
thous.
Production
thous.
Exports
thous.
Domestic consumption
thous.
Stocks, end of month..
Kerosene oil:
Production
thous.
thous.
Stocks
Gas and fuel oil:
Production..
thous.
thous.
Stocks
Lubricating oil:
Production..
thous.
Stocks
thous.

of gals.. 648,955
of gals..
76,658
of gals.. 692,186
of gals.. ,053,856

623,733
72,352
655,388
972,695

536,492 4,483,805 5,620,258 + 25.3
447,993
630,888 + 40.8
44,846
507,935 3,975,555 4,974,628 + 25.1
690,051

of gals..
of gals..

193,688
238,024

197,935
270,577

1919
1919
1919
1919

167
117
204
149

163
146
177
146

193
232
203
281

1919
1919

94
96

101
90

92

of gals.. ,010,658 1,032,591
917,858 7,920,920 8,873,124 + 12.0
of gals.. ,462,182 1,481,204 1,364,957

1919
1919

149
177

144
177

126
137

186,219
243,618

1,629,817

1,701,855 + 4.4

193
263
235
247

197
250
242
223

96

90

95
81

153
172

166
182

159
190

162 +
192 +

116
133

136
139

133
139

124
136

124 + 1.3
133 - 2.5

82 U16
327 1281

114
395

106
323

153
393

155 |+ 1 5
.
337 - 14.4

109
110
1363

117
115
576

110
108
563

116
112
633

- 16.9
- 14.7
601 - 5.0
19.4
33
14 1+ 3.5
103 !!- 4.0

of gals..
of gals..

87,262
220,419

87,172
215,013

82,057
214,728

712,355

815,498 + 14.5

1919
1919

short tons
short t o n s . .

25,155
100,355

25,538
85,936

119,153
i 71,784

131,736
652,058

207,105 + 57.2
809,051 + 24.1

1909-13
1909-13

132,604
129,173
115,909

110,209
110,240
110,134

125,402
126,494
166,570

1,069,619
1,074,743
714,647

1,129,217
5.6
1,121,411
4.3
970,381 + 35.8

1919
1919
1913

2,124
25,674

1,194
2,199
24,663

2,299
3,624
18,810

21,366
32,199

12,043 - 43.6
22,678 - 29.6

1913
1919
1919

64
23
79

46
20
82

27
16
89

28
14
107

491
83

736
166

650
217

5,442 + 12.0
906 - 8.3

1913
1913

80
105

48

988

60

47

60
40

285,059
199,760
85,299

256,701
195,480
61,221

292,510
195,288
97,222

1,809,610 2,639,413 + 45.9
1,162,783 1,899,406 + 63.3
646,827
740,007 + 14.4

1922
1922
1922

129
131
126

122
131
102

128
147
110

126
153
107

79
79
79

79
79
76

80
78

189
236
229
206

-

3.9
5.6
5.3
7.7

99 + 4.0
79 !- 2.3
2.2
1.3

P A P E R AND P R I N T I N G .
Imports:
Wood P u l p .
Mechanical
Chemical

Newsprint Paper.
Production
.short t o n s . .
Shipments
•.
short tons
Imports
short t o n s . .
Exports:
Newsprint
short t o n s . .
Total printing
short t o n s . .
Stocks at mills, end of month
short tons..
Book publication:
American manufacture, .number of titles..
Imported
number of titles..
Production:
Paper Boxes.
Total
r.
thous. of sq. ft..
Corrugated
thous. of sq. ft..
Solid
fiber
thous. of sq. ft..
Operating time, per cent of normal:
Total
per cent..
Corrugated
per cent..
Solid fiber
per cent..
Prices:
Raw materials—
85 tested liners
index n u m b e r . .
Chip
index n u m b e r . .
Straw
index n u m b e r . .
Finished b o a r d Corrugated
index n u m b e r . .
Solid
fiber
index n u m b e r . .
O t h e r Paper P r o d u c t s .
Labels:
New orders
per cent of capacity..
Rope paper sacks, shipments, .index number
Abrasive paper and cloth:
Domestic sales
reams..
Foreign salea
^
reams..

116
117

129
127
133

90 + 49.9
! +100.0

113 !- 9.9
142 j - 2.1
80 - 28.2
0.0
0.0
!- 3.8

1922
1922
1922

80,087
12,594

57.9

75,196
12,297

79,945
12,338

643,614
67,693

823,953 + 28.0
100,217
48.0

119
123
105

114
115
105

114
121
105

112 115 105

1.8
5.0
0.0

100
104

112
113

110
108

109
108

105
109

105
107 -

0.0
1.8

1921
1921-22

68.0

117
130
123'

1922
1922

47.4

101
112
117

213
127

154
12a

185
125

156
123

107
116

131 + 22.4
123 + 6.0

1919
1919

114
67

117
135

125
116

116
128

118
137

110 134 -

Sept.,1920

87

85

77

S4

6.1
2.4

Printing.
Activity, weighted
1

Index number

Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect; remaining 9 days included with October.




81 - 3.0

35
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.
NOTE .—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

In many cases October figures are
now available and may be found in the August,
spc ial table on page 23; or in the de1923.
tailed tables for each subject, pp. 54 to
208.

RUBBER.
Crude:
Imports
thous. of l b s . .
Consumption by tire mfrs.. .thous. of l b s . .
Stocks, Great Britain
tons..
Wholesale price, Para, N . Y . . .dolls per l b . .
Tires:
ProductionPneumatic
thousands..
Solid
thousands..
Inner tubes
thousands..
Domestic shipments—
Pneumatic
thousands. J
Solid
thousands. J
Inner tubes
thousands..'
Stocks, end of month—
Pneumatic
thousands..
Solid
thousands.. I
Inner tubes
thousands..I

September,

Corresponding
month,
August
or September.
1922.

1

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

(+)

or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1923
from
1922.

or
PERIOD.

1923

(+)

or decrease
(-)
September
Aug. Sept. June. July. A u g . Sept. from
August.

192S

44,345
28,051
80,259
.171

470,589
239,238

551,445 + 17.2
295,257 + 23.4

1913
1921
1921
1913

563 1459
188
157
105
103
22
21

820
179
75
31

462 j 443 268 - 39.4
119 j 137 119 - 13.6
73
71
30 + 3.4
30 I 29

22,633
538
27,087

26,746 + 18.2
587 + 9.1
34,491 + 27.3

1921
1921
1921

160
238
169

138
234
155

163
205
159

110
120
116

130
136
158

112 - 13.8
105 - 22.9
144 - 9.0

21,319
492
26,335

25,103 + 17.7
530 + 7.7
33,039 + 25.5

1921
1921
1921

159
158
184

131
152
155

131
119
156

133
103
172

147
104

138
105
161

6.5
0.0
14.4

1921
1921
1921

110
82
114

109
87
113

167
123
195

154
114
162

144 I 108

128

10.9
5.3

141

7.1

111
87

1.1
3.6

4.9
7.1

25,903
21,256

2,356
48
3,578

2,030
3,255

2,505
83
3,501

2,807
46
4,304

2,624
46
3,684

2,502
67
3,559

6,058
263
6,951

5,398
249
6,457

4,612
200
5,165

37

1922
BASE
YEAR

188

152

BUTTONS.
Stocks, end of mo
Machinery activity

Percentage
increase

1922

42,741
24,597
54,427
. 238

.246

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase

thous. of gross..
per ct. of capacity..

13,828
38. 7

AUTOMOBILES.
j
Production:
314,372
Passenger cars
number
30,619
Trucks
number
Shipments:
j
By railroadcarloads.. | 38,250
i?riveaways
number of machines.. | 45,942
By boat
number of machines..!
8,500
Internal-revenue taxes collected on:
j
Passenger automobiles and
!
motor cycles
thous. of dolls..!
5,135
Automobile trucks and
{
wagons
thous. of dolls. J
701
Automobile accessories and
|
parts
thous. of dolls..!
3,160

13,980
39.9

12,839
43.0

298,910
28,455

187,693
19,335

36,885
37,400
10,027

26,335
30,177
8,118

249,994 !
214,679 |
44,138 j

9,209

7,190

47,598

852

770

1922
1922

102
91

102
93

1919
1919

93

136
73

356,178 j! + 42.5
448,723 jj+ 109.0
63,507 i|+ 43.9

1920
1920
1920

157
94
213

77
173

78,802 ||+ 65.6

1920

125

103 i

1,698,823 j 2,741,377 !' + 61.4
181,228 • 288,605
59.2

7,014

8,314 ;;+ 18.5

1920

105

3,813

25,232

29,470 !|+ 16.8

!

108
69

110
84

244 215
155 116

228
116

216 108 -

156
119
216

183
117
213

176 - 3.6
95 - 18.6
181 + 18.0

166 194 I 74

132 + 79.3

151
287

I

61

1920

108 I 56

67 + 21.5

90 I 77
!

ji
is

2,786

112
104

77 i 74

- 11.8

79 [ 81

+

i

G L A S S AND OPTICAL GOODS.
j
Bottles, production
'ndex number..|
Illuminating giass v, L. : •
j
Net orders
per • t. of capacity..
Actual production
per ct. of capacity..
Shipments billed
per ct. of capacity..!
Spectacle frames and mountings:
|
Sales (shipments)
index number..I.
Unfilled orders ( v a l u e ) . . . .index number.. j .
BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION.
Building Costs.9
Building materials:
Frame house, 6-room
^index number.
Brick house, 6-room
index number.
Building costs
index number.
Concrete factory costs
index number.
Plumbing fixtures
index number.

11919
37.0
36.4
36.5

41.0
45.9
44.6

55.1 |.
43.7 J.
42.6 |.

78

79

|1921
|1921
11921

112
79
93

150
121
119

i Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect; remaining 9 days included with October.
9 As of first of following month except plumbing fixtures.
t Relative to 12 months' average, May, 1921, to April, 1922, inclusive.




4.9

124 I 95 ! 101 112 + 10.8
114
83 I 101 | 127 + 26.1
143
114 I 102 I 125 + 22.2

285 1 450 j 298 i 392 373 1
46 ! 88
88 85
87 +

1913
1919

1913
1913
1913
1914
1913

86

193
197
185
190

4.S
2.4

196
199
189
192

1.4
1.4
0.9
1.0.
0.0

214
217
222
206
193

j
!
I
!

215
216
222
206
192 ,

208
210
222
206
190

i
i
j
j
i

203
207
220
204
190

-

36
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL ]DATA.
NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.
now available and may be found in the
special table on page 23; or in the detailed tables for each subject, pp. 54 to
208.

August,
1923.

September,
•f < u m
IVSOt

Corresponding
month,
August
or September,

INDEX NUMBERS.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

Percentage
increase

(

1922

-y

PERIOD.

k£

oepfrom
August.

Aug. Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept.

from

1922.

(+)
or decrease

or

1923

1928

1928

BASE
YEAR

crease
or de(-)
cumu1922

Percentage
increase

1922.

BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION—
Continued.

Construction and Losses.
Building volume
index number..
Contracts awarded (27 States):
Business buildings
thous. of sq. ft..
Industrial buildings
thous. of sq. ft..
Residential buildings
thous. of sq. ft..
Educational buildings
thous. of sq. ft..
Other public and semipublic io
thous. of sq. ft..
Grand total
thous. of sq. ft..
Contracts awarded, value (27 States):
Business buildings
thous. of dolls..
Industrial buildings
thous. of dolls..
Residential buildings
thous. of dolls..
Educational buildings
thous. of dolls..
Other public and semipublic 10
thous. of dolls..
Grand total
thous. of dolls..
Southern construct. (16 States) .thous. of dolls..
Fire losses
thous. of dolls..

1913

154

129

148

128

Ill

137

+ 23.4

6,245
3,367
24,106
3,285

6,966
4,056
22,530
2,364

9,074
4,569
23,059
3,644

76,224
47,692
230,873
46,740

70,812
48,103
255,634
83,522

-

+ 0.9
+ 10.7
- 28.3

1919
1919
1919
1919

84
88
118
273

98
36
114
190

91
38
125
194

77
30
118
216

68
26
120
172

75 + 11.5
32 + 20.5
112 6.5
123 - 28.0

2,782
39,786

3,018
38,968

3,802
44,275

38,296
440,589

29,212
437,554

- 23.8
-0.7

1919
1919

261
116

169
95

182
99

141

124
85

134 +
83 -

8.5

27,169
17,717
114,317
21,036

38,954
35,919
102,331
13,461

45,907
26,385
101,428
21,214

408,458
248,822

346,725 | - 15.1
282,305 + 13.5
1,141,489 + 14.8
203,417 - 21.3

1919
1919
1919
1919

113
158
143
322

136
62
143
213

121
113
176
228

104
50
157
276

80
41
162
211

115
84
145
135

+
+
-

43.4
102.7
10.5
26.1

21,670
253,106
42,159
24,474

20,553
2.53,525
41,312
28,739

25,920
271,493
42,977
41,515

259,247
2,640,203
409,996
292,623

196,662
2,617,079
419,762
302,756

- 24.1

1919
1919
1921
1919

230
150
206
96

179
126
156
185

186
150
143
155

161
128
158
123

150
118
153
109

142 5.2
118 + 0.2
2.0
150 128 + 17.4

3,943,411
3,887,627
4,116,104

4,078,397
4,207,108
4,036,475

+ 3.4
4-8.2
- 1.1

1917
1917
1917
1917

113
103
115
81

105
82
78
88

106
94
79
77

107
100
83
78

113
103
97
78

106
98
107
79

+
+

1913

200

215

212

202

195

190

- 2 . 6

+ 13.9
+ 25.5

1917
1917
1917

136
133
179

137
129
212

163
177
212

132
144
212

154
154
201

155 +
165 +
190 -

438,257
386,888
415,298

475, OS1 + 8.4
470,041 + 21.5
452,472 + 9.0

1918
191S
1918

168
190
215

136
165
144

148
193
136

124
143
98

174
199
176

138 - 20.8
175 - 12.1
147 - 16.7

543,959
376,026

927,920
554,693

+ 70.6
+ 47.5

1918
1918
1918

250
214
161

215
204
141

290
219
171

268
213
192

328
179
221

259 - 21.0
195 - 21.5
223 ;+ 1.2

73,644
69,962

81,020
72,419

+ 10.0

1917
1917
1917

63
50
43

63
53
50

74
50
40

59
46
40

78
40
42

63 - 18.7
46 '+ 16.5
45 + 7.6

1917
1917
1917

45
51
54

47
42
55

61
42
47

50
33
44

53
47
43

48 - 11.0
53 \+ 13.0
1.0
43 -

+ 27.5 |
- 3.0
1
|

1917
1917
1920

161
147
90

149
127
97

177
126
100

164
104
107

180
119
114

143 - 20.3
8.8
108 121 |+ 6.5

-

1919
1919

| 160
186

161
190

126
139

136
125

153
137

149 1 136 -

994,039
258,600

7.1

- 0 . 9

+
+

2.4
3.5

90

2.1

Luinber.
Southern pine:
447,034
445,258
Production (computed)
M ft. b. m . . 478,015
430,963
364,066
Shipments (computed)
M ft. b. m . . 456,377
477,724
347,414
Orders (cjmputfcd)
M ft. b. m . . 434,933
StockSjCnd of mo. (computed).M ft. b. m... 1,069,295 1,087,475 1,207,900
Price, " B "
43.70
44.85
49.45
and better
dolls. perM ft. b . m . .
Douglas fir:
542,110
477,222
Production (computed)
M ft. b. m . . 537,185
533,261
496; 897
415,442
Shipments (computed)
-M ft. b. in
17.500
19.500
18.500
Price, No. 1 common.dolls per M ft. b. m . .
California redwood:
51,625
65,222
50,901
Production (computed)
M ft. b. m . .
50,026
56,912
47,223
Shipments (computed)
M ft. b. m . .
42,148
50,570
41,447
Orders received (computed)... M ft. b . m . .
California white pine:
136,178
112,959
Production . .
.
M ft. b. m 8 172,319
» 78,452
62,360
65,051
Shipments
M ft b m
592,114
Stocks
M ft. b. m . . 8 585,358
376,117
Michigan softwood:
10,901
10,952
Production
M ft. b. m . .
13,476
8,218
9,345
Shipments
M ft. b . m
7,057
Stocks, end of month
M ft. b. m . .
44,707
48,120
53,607
Michigan hardwood:
14,853
Production
.
. M ft. b. m
13,221
13,057
14,639
Shipments
. . ..Mft b . m
16,538
13,100
97,135
Stocks, end of month
M ft. b. m . .
122,956
96,160
Western pine:
150, f>92
162,479
Production (computed)
M ft. b. m . . 8 196,623
119,455
Shipments (computed)
M ft. b. m . . 8 131,025
140,278
Stocks, end of mo. (computed).M ft. b. m . . n,003,508 1,068,883
856,094
North Carolina pine:
Production (computed)
M ft. b . m . .
52,500
51,135
55,230
Shipments (computed)
M ft. b. m . .
44,170
43,750
61,180

3,961,345
3, 781,695

119,117
103,149

4,512,895
4,746,925

,
+

o - i
o. O

138,329 + 16.1
131,133 !+ 27.1
1

1,055,783
1,215,410

1,345,653
1,178,865

472,290
458,580

433,405
434,560

0.9
7.3
5.4

i

8.2
5.2

» Revised.
i° Includes hospitals, public buildings, social, religious, and memorial buildings, formerly shown separately in the Survey of Current Busine*$.




6.5
5.6
9.8
1.7

I

2.6
L0

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.
NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
© bulletin.
f

In many cases October figures are
now available and may be found in the
special table on page 23; or in the detailed tables for each subject, pp. 54 to
208.

September,
1928.

August,
1923.

Corresponding
month,
August
or September,
1922.

INDEX NUMBEKS.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1922

1923

i Perj cont-

Percentage
increase,

(+)

192-2

or decrease,
(-)
cumulative
1923
from
1922.

BASE
YEAH

i (+>
I or do-

! l

i

! Aug. I Sepl. | .Time.I July.' Aug.
j
Sept, Item her
irom
August.

B M I J M N G AM> CONSTRUCTION—
Continued.
Lumber—Continued.
Northern pine:
Lumber—
Production
M ft. b. in.
S3,862
Shipments
M ft. b. m.
49,041
Lath•Produetion
M ft. b. m.
20,076
Shipments
M ft. b. m .
15,091
Northern hemlock:
Production
M ft. b. m.
30,731
Shipments
M l"t. b. in.
26,961
Northern hardwood:
Production
M ft. b. m.
31,462
Shipments
M ft. b. HI.
40,674
Walnut lumber:
Production
M ft. b. m .
2,200
Shipments
M ft. b. m..j
2,097
Slocks
M ft. b. m.. \
1, 768
Wall nil, logs:
Purchases
M it. IOK measure.
2,316
i
Mtide into lumber and
|
veneer
M ft. loji measure., i 1,905
Stocks
M ft. loii measure.. I
3.332
Total production
M ft. b. m. ;2,785,918
Lumber exports:
l'lauks, scantlings, joists, etc. .M ft. b. m .
157,710
Composite lumber prices:
J lard woods
dolls, per M ft. b. m.
45.02
Softwoods
dolls, per M ft. b. m.
31.39

|

57,379
47,492

52,803
56,363

442,544
432,298

518,924
426,304

+ 17.3
- 1.4

1920
1920

163
130

131
112

191 } 174 208
99 81

342 - 31.6
- 3.2

j

14,472
13,306

15,324
21,948

126,143
106,774

135,260
119,351

+ 7.2
+ 11.8

1920
1920

197
345

160
345

226 I
177

237

151 - 27.9
- 11.8

|
I
I

29,293
24,713

25,073
32,333

220,192
236,506

251,988
235,087

-f 14.4
- 0.6

1913
1913

69
81

82

78 - 4.7

89

27,060
37,822

20,412
39,080

243,979
295,808

363,177
332,935

+ 48.9
+ 12.6

1913
1913

80
170

160

96 - 14.0
149 - 7.0

2,214
2,039
7,943

1,137
1,535
10,713

16,431
16,046

22,140
21,634

+ 34.7
+ 34.8

1922
1922
1922

93

1,830

1,027

12,602

i
j
I

109

173 j 150 159 ! 125 21.0
I
0.0
79 | 181 | 188
,
175 | 141 160
7S
+ 1.1
124 '
118 - 7.0
127
112

21,424 + 70.0

1922

1,905
1,045
11,557
18,708 + 61.9
3,369
1,636
2,589,737 2,452,180 20,465,692 2,706,124 |+ 10.9
!

1922
1922
1913

105
85
118

1909-13

69

! 128,171
!
j

106,943

value, average per firm.
value., average per firm.
Flooring.

Oak flooring:
Production
M ft. b. m.
Shipments
Mft. b. in.
Orders booked
Mft. b . m .
SI ocks, end of month
M f 1. b. m.
Unfilled orders, end of month..M ft. b. m..
Maple llooring:
rrouction
M fi. b . in.
Shipments
M ft. b . m.
Orders booked
.M ft. b. m.
Stocks, end of month
M ft. b. m.
Unfilled orders, end of month..M ft. b. m .

72
148
119
154 I 154 131
63
80
105

156 |
119
77

154 122

60

123 + 0.6
106 - 2.8
+ 2.3

88

72 - 18.7

1921
1920

1,201,690 1,303,710 | + 8.5

9S | 98 | 114 I 110 108
69 i 65
63
63 !

106 |~ 1.2
63 i - 0.3

83
42

88

44.46
31.31

40.75
33.56

40,563
55,797

39,287
53,609

32,977
58,286

245,060

336,420 1 + 37.3

1920
1920

32,429
30,108
27,444
40,634
27,355

28,546
30,421
35,538
40,306
32,873

23,903
26,672
21,991
20,120
35,957

197,866
307,209
207,481

275,278
259,331
247,198

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

234
513

'<58 1 514 ! 457 I 486 428
1
!7 !: 467 | 374 \ 501 506 + ].«
J60 ! 247 | 294 450 •:)82 j-f 29.5
448 I- 0.8
235 I 375 ! 452 451
453 |+ 20.2
496 h 531 ; 441 377

10,422
9,933
8,603
19,794
17,671

12,518
12,705
12,093
23,111
22,397

97,904
105,188
10S,809

105,044 +
111,331 +
104,217 -

7.3
5.8
4.2

1919
1919
1919
1919
1919

130
118
84
151
59

125
107
85
150 I
58 |
j

391,970
376,007

561,218 + 43.2
541,063 + 43.9

432,710

544,073

1919
1919
1919
1919
1919

102
97
117
102
79

1

Wooden Furniture.
Shipments
Unfilled orders

85 ] 81
90 I 72

12,447
11,718
7,163
19,552
18,681

;
i
!
'

4- 39.1
+ 25.2
4- 19.1

i

82 '
88 | 83
46
43 j 47

101
44

98 j-

3.1
42 - 3.9

105:
93 I
35 !
122 |
74

105 j 124
89 j 99
40 ! 51
122 127
49
57

126
119
117
90

11.8 i 123
- 10.2
117
- 14.7
114
100
2.5
120 122
125
-4.3
93
94
81
- 3.0
78

109
115
99

103
104

104
SI
61
128
46

';|-r
|+
j-

10.3
15.2
20.1
1.2
5.4

Brick.
Clay me brick (computed):
Production
Shipments
,
Stocks, end of month.
New orders
Unfilled orders
Silica brick (computed):
Production
Shipments
St ocks, end of month.




i
thousands.
thousands.
thousands.
thousands.,
thousands.,

62,209
59,456
169,325
50,648
75,500

55,839
50,727
173,493
48,446
73,219

48,839
52,693
156,899
59,771
79,511

thousands..
thousands..
thousands..

12,397
12,260
41,586

9,967
9,830
41,723

12,861
11,332
37,108

89,864
90,763

25.7

128,437 + 42.9
131,588 + 45.0

1919
1919
1919

104
113
116
85
91
81

no

99 i

88
100

71 - 19.6
70 U 19.8
100 )+ 0.3

38
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
INDEX NUMBERS.

NUMERICAL DATA.
NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

In many cases October figures are
now available and may be found in the
special table on page 23; or in the detailed tables for each subject, pp. 54 jo
208.

CorrespondAugust,
1928.

ing
month,
August
or September,
1922.

September,
1923.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

or decrease
cumulative

1922

Percentage
increase

Perentage
ncrease
BASE
YEAR

1923

or decrease

or
PERIOD.

1923
from
1922.

1923

1922

September

Aug. Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept. from

August.

BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTIONContinued.
Brick—Continued.
Face brick (32 identical plants):
Production
thousands..
Stocks on yards
thousands
Unfilled orders
thousands..
Shipments
thousands..
Prices:
Common red, New York.dolls, per thous..
Common salmon, Chicago.dolls, per thous..

26,786
60,197
46,252
24,334

21,862
9

24,076
46,855
38,313
20,870

45,463
40,134
19,439

20.39
9.10

20.
8.;,."

2,582
12,967
14,971
6,080

13,109
13,698
5,492 1

207,519

+ 7.0

185,796

203,078

+ 9.3

- 18.4
-24.5
— 13.2
- 13.2

1919
1919
1919
H 1920

165
150
152
189

154
138
139
149

157
173
197
176

163
199
188
170

171
177
168
174

140
134
146
139

1913
1913

290
177

255
178

309
176

320
175

311
184

305 175 -

1.8

1919

163

142

120

110

124

14S

+ 23.9

1913
1913
1913

152
194
51

149
168
42

161
180
82

164
186
72

169
203
54

171 +
185 49 -

1.1

1913

163

173

173

173

173

173

0.0

16.75
8.80

3,076

!

193,967

1.9

5.2

Prepared Roofing.
Shipments

thous of roof sq

23,289

22,867

81,563
88,684

101,016
104,607

-

+ 19.1

Cement.
Production ..
thous of bbls
Shipments
thous. of bbls..
Stocks, end of month
thous. of bbls.
Price, Portland,
Chicago
district
dolls Dor bbl
Concrete paving contracts:
Total .
thous. of sq. yds..
Roads
thous. of sq. yds..

11,424
12,444
4,724

+ 18.0

8.5
9.7

1.75

1 75

1.75

8,780
5,606

6,828
4,537

6,319
4,374

67,188
49,671

61,403
39,907

- 8.6
- 19.7

1919
1919

137
102

142
127

172
156

144
94

197
163

153 132 -

number..
number
number
number .

8*;, 439
29,225
73,169
240,869

83,593
28,005
71,029
193,062

75,766
21,195
79,722
183,342

633,752

754,342

+ 19.0

827,733

+ 1.0

227
54
118
431

219
50
114
449

215
67

819,779

1919
1919
1919
1921

91
682

221
63
93
585

253
69
105
590

242
66
102
473

number..
number
number..

118,439
41,381
97,125

107,737
38,849

802,732

889,664

+ 10.8

1,047,972

1,042,222

1919
1919
1919

206
42
134

193
38
135

206
30
101

207
31
103

259
30
132

9.0
235 28 - 6 . 1

85,704

88,161
52,S26
99,232

number .
number
number..

112,516
49,394
99,288

102,521
47,113
89,225

90,456
58,034
112,951

827,437

949,576

1919
1919
1919

174
47
117

166
46
128

187
35
84

182
36
86

206
39
113

188 - 8 . 9
4.6
37 101 - 10.1

number..
number .
number..
.number..

59,670
46,695
51,842
799,841

51, 714
40,933
44,.r>67
749,251

47,450
49,975
57,813
513,113

1919
1919
1919
1921

150
74
135
393

167
63
138
397

199
57
102
780

180
57
114
699

210
58
124
619

182
51
106
580

- 13.3
- 12.3
- 14.0
6.3

28,868
3,472
12,763
5,782
5,512

25,9.30
2,977
12,157
4,755
4,595

50,587
6,689
30,220
4,369
7,144

1909-13
1909-13
1909-13
1909-13
1909-13

140
91
194
68
167

118
98
158
53
135

134
98
159
121
138

125
76
153
127
126

67
51
67
71
104

61
44
63
58
87

- 10.1
- 14.3
- 4.7
- 17.8
- 16.6

343,524
271,960
48,873
22, G91

333,825
268,025
42, 792
23,00S

349,648
267,232
56,229
26,187

1921
1921
1921
1921

79
77
93
86

81
79
96
80

86
86
92
75

83
84
89
73

SO
80
84
69

77
79
73
70

2.8
1.4
- 12.4
+ 1.4

.147
.147

.141
.152

.213
.183

1913
1913

109
97

116
97

89
81

79
79

80
78

77 -

22.2
19.1

S a n i t a r y Ware.
Baths, enamel:
Orders shipped
Stocks . ..
Orders received .
. .
Unfilled orders
Lavatories, enamel:
Orders shipped
Stocks
.
Orders received
Sinks, enamel:
Orders shipped
. ..
Stocks
Orders received
Miscellaneous, enamel:
Orders shipped
Stocks
Orders received
Total small ware, unfilled orders...

1,093,086

-0.5
+ 14.8

1 087,161 -

0.5

398,013

480,071

+ 20.6

532,077

545,432

-

2.5

358,763
32,384
208,246
56,155
42,926

448,689
38,545
251,877
70,798
64,045

+
+
+
+

25.1
19.0
21.0
26.1

-4.4
- 4.2
-2.9
- 19.8

116 -

11.8

H I D E S AND LEATHER.
Hides.
Imports:
Total hides and skins

thous. of lbs..

Calf skins
thous. of l b s . .
Cattle hides
thous. of l b s . .
Coat skins
thous. of l b s . .
Sheepskins
thous. of l b s . .
Stocks, e n d of m o n t h :
Total hides a n d skins
thous. of l b s . .
Cattle hides
thous. of l b s . .
Calf a n d kip skins
thous. of l b s . .
Sheep a n d lamb skins
thous. of l b s . .
Prices:
Green salted, packer's heavy
native steers
dolls, per l b . .
Calfskins, country No. 1
dolls, per l b . .

+ 49.2

81

4.1

+ 3.4

•Represents stocks of finished brick on the yards and does not include formed brick in kilns as heretofore; September figures, therefore, are not directly comparable to
those covering preceding months.
u
Ten months' average, March to December, inclusive,




39
TREND OF BUSINESS

MOVEMENTS—Continued.
!

NUMERICAL DATA.

NOTE.—"Detailed tables coveriug all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.
In many cases October figures are
now available and may be found in the August,
1923.
special table on page 23; or in the detailed tables for each subject, pp. 54 to
208.

Corresponding
month,
August
or September,
1922.

September,
1923.

CUJniLATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

192-2

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentagi
increase

(+)
or decrease
(-)

cumulative
1923
from
1922.

1928

19-22

Percentage,
increase

1923

(+>
or decrease
(-)
Sep-

BASE
YEAR

or
PERIOD.

Aug. Sept.

tember
from
August .

Aug.

Sept.

88 I « 92

75
167
114

17.7
0. (i
1.0

98
123

18.2

June. July

HIDES AND LEATHER- Continued.
Leather.
Prodi iction:
Sole leather
t hoi is. of bks., bends, sides.
Sk i vcrs
do/,.
Oak and union harness
stuffed sides.
Finished sole and belt nig
thous. of lbs.
Finished upper
tlious. of sq. ft.
Stocks, end of month:
Sole and belting
tlious. oflbs.
1 pper
thoiis. of s(j. ft.
Stocky iu process of tanning:
Sole and belting
thous. of lbs.
( pper
thous. of sq. ft.
Exports:
Sole
thous. of ll»s.,
Upper
tlious. of sq. ft..
Prices:
Sole, oak, Boston
dolls, per lb.,
Chrome calf," ir* grades, .dolls, per sq. ft.,

8 1,718
• 39,038
134,291
30, 802
77,746

1,414

1,491

14,565 | : 4- 10.1

13,228

38,795

34,046

135,602

131.265

2o, 200

25,266

217,235

256,552 1;+ 18.1

71,234

73,170

633,958

714,959 !i+ 12.8

175,441
385,494

375,613 | j 413,250

108,500

106,916 1
1

157,975

J 59, 749 i| 164,191

1,140
5,177
. 515
.440

176,770 ! 174,6S2
|

1,179 I
6,086
.490 ;
.440 !

80

87 !

I

181 j 146 I

j
109 |

110 |
i

1921
1921

162 | 138 j s 168
111 j 107 | 113

89 I 98 i| 113 j 114 | 120
131 | 126 i i 13D ! 126 j 134

1921
1921

97,555

S58
6,438 j

1919
1919
1919
1921
1921

90

:
l

US .
1

S8 j

88 .
K

S9 j
|

91 j

92 '

91.

SS • 101 : 101 |
;

101 j 100 j

S 4

91 !|-

0.8

89 \\-

2.(5

<« |

90

1.5

96 !

97

1. 1

;

9" j

98 |

33
73

72
75

61 j

44 |

45

73 j

59 !

69 \U

1913
1913

117
173

120
103

29.0

1919
1919

67
58

14.9

191!)

100 ! 102 | 102

5,60S i-- 45.9
jf

1913

12,954 |

12,985 :j+

1913

41

60,328

56,937 ||—

1913

73 !

.525 I
.465 I

2.9

\ i
120 | 115
163 I 163

17. ti

i
i

109 jj163 |

I

Leather Products.

Belt ing sales:
Quantity
Hums, o/lbs.. 446,258 416,510
Amount
thous. of dolls..
8S1
Boot s and shoes:
i
27,472
Product ion
thous. of pa irs.. j * 30,028
585
Exports
thous. of pairs..[
526
Wholesale prices—
|
Men's black calf,
j
blncher
dolls, per pair..|
6.50
6.28
Men's dress welt,
j
' ta n cal f, St. Lo 1 i s. . . doll s. pe r pa i r..!
1
4.85
4.S5
Women's black kid, (loodi
year welt, St. Louis, .dolls, per pair..'
4.25
4.25
CHEMICALS.

i
475,380
797

3,748 i
f», 175 !

j!

28,288 j

235,581 |

|
!

421 !

4,254
7, 9rtK

3,843 !

270,704

:

U

i
;

6.40

1913

1
1

4. SI

1013

i
i

4.23

02
61

50 I

SI :

05 : 63
64 ' 65
92
74 ;

6.7

59

57 IL

11.0

109 ; 100
62 j

8.5
69 ii-flh'2

209 ' 209 | 202

3.4

l 145 I 152 ; 153 i 153 ' 153 j 153
i
•

0.0

209 ! 205 I

1913

209

141 i 142
i

142 ! 142 1 142 \

0.0

|

Production:
Acetate of lime
thous. of l b s . .
12,815
Methanol
galls.. 649,063
Consumption, wood, carbonized
cords..
74,286
Stocks, wood, at chemical plants
cords.. *795,876
Imports:
Potash
lou& t o n s . .
20,496
Nitrate of soda
long t o n s . .
56,637
Exports:
Sulphuric acid
tlious. oflbs.. 1.619,840
Dyes and dyestufl's
thous. of dolls.. 416,032
Tot al fert ilizer
long t o n s . .
95,326
Price index numbers:
Crude drugs
index n u m b e r . .
Essential oils
uidex n u m b e r . .
Drags and
Pharmaceuticals
index numl nsr..
Chemicals
weighted index n u m b e r . .
Price, sulphuric acid i\t\"
N. Y
dolls, per 100 l b s . .
.75

11, 541
568,091
64,862
799,165

9,572 !

122,070 :j4 •")(). 2
6,499.172 !|+ 45.0
736.428 |i+ 46.0

1920
1920
1920
1920

938,766 i

13,828 I j '3.359 j
51,543 j| i 52,081 j
810,832
447, 869
130, 419

8.1, «87

521,782 I 4,481,161 j
59,433 I 504,519

169,181 ; - I7.s
713,986 -f 122.1

1909-13
1909-13

6, 9S0. 538 - 36.2
4, 824,167 4- 28.6
896,121 ij+ 26.5

1909-13

205, 703 j
321,407 I

25*, 144 IL0. 943,480
373,727 j 3,750.013
55,518
708,383

76
78
78
111

1909-13
1909 13

77 j
80

SC) ', 91 '
58
135 |

i 121
110 !
1,604

42 j |
1.292

94 |

96 !

- 9.9
87 j - 12.5
j-12.7
96 Ih- 0.4

97 I 65 ''•— 32.5
131 [ 119 ~
0.0

63 '

264 j

111 •

104 j

112 !
107 [
94 !

99 :

93

98 ;

130

132 ; : -

| | l , 611 12,889 |1,438 j 1,548

54 |j

11-1 |

116 j

|j-f

V 2 '[ 12<> U>

49.9
7.7
36. S

Aug.,'14

177

182 ii

231 I

219 j

208 :

206 | | -

1.0

Ang.,'14

135

131 |!

139 I

141 I

136 \

133 j | —

2.2

140

143 I 142

158

152

149

177

169 I

173

Aug.,'14
1913

.75

.74

168 j

0.0

75

1913

+ 12.3
+ 3.0

NAVAL S T O R E S .
Turpentine (3 principal ports):
Net receipts
Stocks

r..

barrels..
barrels -.

43,678
29,672

35,693

29,797 ]

36.375 i

29,601 i

183,148

231,033

f

26.1

1919-20

2'Zo

1919-20

83

196 ij

i Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff was in effect; remaiaing 9 days included with October.




256

266 \

42

68 I

287
95 j

• Revised.

234
117

- 18.3
> 22. tt

40
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
INDEX NUMBERS.

NUMERICAL DATA.
XOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
giveji in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.
In many cases October figures are
now available and may be found in the
special table on page 23; or in the detailed tables for each subject, pp. 54 to
208.

August,
1923.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

Corresponding
Septem- ; m o n t h ,
her, ' August
1923.
or September,
1922.

1922

(+)

or decrease
(-)
cumulative

1922

1923

(

BASE
YEAR

t>

or decrease

or
PERIOD.

1923
from
1922.

1923

Percentage
increase

Percentage
increase

Aug. Sept.

July. Aug.

June.

Sept. tember
from
August.

NAVAL STORES—Continued.
Rosin (3 principal ports):
Xct receipts
Stocks

.barrels,
.barrels.

114,308

700,299

830,368 + 18.6

138,320
263,457

289,564

thous. of lbs..
thous. of lbs..

2,427
49,963

26,577

4,279
27,452
:

16,676
18,081

19,854

d 13,043 |
16,113

112,240 j
123,077 I

119,551

419,330

408,443

209
227
107 I 109

247
131

204 - 17.4
144 + 9.9

!

thous. of lbs..
thous. of lbs..

100,522
335, 702

1919-20
1919-20

180
167

FATS AND OILS.
Total vegetable oils:
Export s
Imports
Oleomargarine:
Production
Consumption

2,152

52,527
480,175 j

39,374 - 25.0
513,964 + 7.0

1913
* 1913

139,916 + 24.7
160,376 + 29.7

b 1913
1913

128

108
99

364

9
226

8
234

7
124

- 11.3
- 46.8

118

9
182

117
120

110 i 138
98 - 152

167

+

15

136

9.C

Cottonseed.
Cottonseed stocks
Cottonseed oil:
Stocks
Production
Price, New York

tons
thous. of lbs
thous. of lbs
dolls, per lb..

1919
1919
1919
1913

58

7,431
14, 464
104

34, 457
70, 058
117

55,901
96,015 j
. 085

431,709

1,096
235

2,577
1,266

893 !
514 I

2,S52
1,204

6,424 j |+125. 2
2,700 ! +124.3

1913
1913

100
191

267
006

176 |

796
977

K20 |!+ 3.8
1,925 | + 97.0

1913
1913

31

360
715

21 .
334

473,188 |j +

9.6

23

SO

87
120

12
10
121

5
8
125

+2-50.8

13
128

36 +363. 7
63 +384.4
125 + 12.5

116
23

273
122

Flaxseed.
Receipts:
Minneapolis
thous. of bushs..
Dulutb
thous. of bushs..
Shipments:
Minneapolis
thous. of bushs
Dululh
thous. of bushs
Stocks:
Minneapolis
thous. of bushs..
Duluth
thous. of bushs..
Linseed oil:
Shipments from Minneapolis.thous. of lbs..
Lin.seed-oil cake:
Shipments from Minneapolis.thous. of lbs..

189 !

38

39

33

113

1913
1913

171 +167.0
55 +217.3
155
26

60

30

+135.1
+438.7

(O
+766.7

85

12,771

11,237

05,197 |

10,601

15,164

77,311

81,430

+ 24.9

1913

36

74

129,734

+ 07.8

1913

18

50

40

49

+ 27.0

10,058
43

+

6.3

-

15,613

5.4
20.1
0.2

Vegetable and Animal Oils.
Following figures are quarterly.

Crude vegetable oils:
Production
Consumption
Slocks
Refined vegetable oils:
Production
Consumption
Stocks
Cottonseed oil - Crude:
Production
Consumption
Slocks
Peanut oil—Crude and virgin:
Production
Consumption
Stocks
Coconut of copra oil—('rude:
Production
Consumption
Stocks
Corn oil—('rude:
Production
Consumption
Stocks

thous. of lbs.. 3 354,105
thous. of lbs. .:' 3 425,185
thous. of lbs.,,|3 292,747

335,091
339,575
292,291

984,294
294,453 '•
297,309 I 1,130,990
283,997

thous. of lbs.
thous. of lbs.
thous. of lbs.

3176,923
3180,363
3 241,914

126,847
229,181
81,118

111,421
239,911
90,297

1919
1919
1919

3 35
3 50
3 59

002,275 I

035,503 •V '">.5
000,212 I 0.1

1919
1919
1919

3 30
3 49
3 66

thous. of lbs.
thous. of lbs.
thous. of lbs.

3 70,711
3 131,981
3 11,7:53

93,181
69, !?>:>
34,157

119,195 I
04,025 j
54,900

420,950
401,588

1919
1919
1919

3 12

thous. of lbs.
thous. of lbs.
thous. of lbs.

3 1,998
3 2,138
3 2,205

1,147
2,145
3,121

1,236
0,200
1,141

19,141
20,299

1919
1919
1919

*31
3 16

thous. of lbs.
thous. of lbs.
thous. of lbs.

» 61,523
3 82,174
3 88,823

50,131
80, 506
00,083

34,217
73,597
108,557

135,065
206,091

170,404

+ 20. 2

250,108

+ 24.3

1919
1919
1919

*S8
3 59
384

63
70
70

114
78
57

- 18.5
- 2.0
- 25.6

thous. of lbs.,
thous. of lbs.
thous. of lbs..

3 2S,768
8 24,470
3 9,185

20, 030
26,527
5,M74

20,020
23,307
8,139

77,527
73,517

83,620
70,800

7.9
4.5

1919
1919
1919

3 98
3 95
3 88

109
104
101

118
109
114

109 - 7 . 4
118 |+ 8.4
73 I - 30.0

I

b Fiscal year beginning July




1,251,507 + 27.1
1,419,380 j+ 24.8

001,099

• Very largo increase.

470,281
559,743

4,845
7,037

+ 10.1

f 21.3

- 74.7
- 73.2

d August, 1922.

27
29

- (56.5
+ 31.8
- 47.4

3 29
3 11

+ 193.7

i

4 !

3 20

3

- 28.3

04 +27.1

9!

Quarter ending June 30.

- 42.6
+ 19.0
+ 41.5

41
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.
NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL

In many cases October figures are
now available and may be found in the August,
special table on page 23; or in the de- 1923.
tailed tables for each subject, pp. 54 to
208.

September,
1923.

Corresponding
month,
August
or September,
1922.

THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

or decrease

1922

1923

INDEX NUMBERS.

Percentage
increase

cumulative
1923
from
1922.

1922

BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

Percentage
increase

1923

or decrease
Aug. Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept.

September
from
August.

FATS AND OILS—Continued.
Vegetable and Animal Oils—Continued.
Following figures are quarterly.
Linseed oil:
Production
Consumption
Stocks
Fish oil:
Production
Consumption
Stocks. Animal fats:
Production
Consumption
Stocks
Greases:
Production
Consumption
Stocks
Derivatives:
Production
Consumption
Stocks

thous. of lbs.. 3 178,267
thous. of lbs.. '105,613
thous. of lbs.. 3 81,453

154,588
90,334
91,650

103,400
89,096
69,036

298,690
256,097

488,003 + 63.4
293,616 + 14.7

1919
1919
1919

3 62
3 196
3 148

91
188
106

157
223
124

137 — 13.3
191 - 14.5
140 + 12.5

8 11,596
thous. of lbs
3 26,178
thous. of lbs.
thous. of lbs.. 3 39,214

46,402
27,399
54,927

44,433
38,720
59,547

55,265
86,431

62,692 + 13.4
81,084 - 6.2

1919
1919
1919

3 108
3 320
3 109

540
395
133

141
267
88

564 +300.2
280 + 4.7
123 + 40.1

thous. of lbs.. 3 617,830
thous. of lbs.. 3 128,073
thous. of lbs.. 3 184,960

548,327
133,232
137,434

456,441 1,503,104
131,879
406,337
161,034

1,817,083 + 20.9
409,284 + 0.7

1919
1919
1919

3 141
390
3 179

124
91
117

168
89
134

149
92
100

+
-

11.2
4.0
25.7

thous. of lbs.. 3 108,078
3 67,407
thous. of lbs
thous. of lbs.. 3 63,006

91,318
57,252
59,806

83,206
57,658
45,029

279,801
179,527

307,121 + 9.8
202,176 + 12.6

1919
1919
1919

3 140
3 118
3 85

119
112
67

155
131
94

131
111
89

-

15.5
15.1
5.1

thous. of lbs. 3 415,216
thous. of lbs.. 3 226,020
thous. of lbs.. 3 162,251

440,474
220,575
125,989

465,527
237,138
126,595

1,347,575
636,638

1,382,493 + 2.6
714,729 + 12.3

1919
1919
1919

3 151
3 91
3 103

176
114
69

157
108
88

166
106
69

31,826
3 62

213
102

893
191

7,431

3 48,631
3 8,085

39,080
2,071

26,964
6,542

99,549

3 36,751
3 1,023

35,206
202

33,279
641

107,829

3 243,302
3 56,053

230,234
78,737

156,316
50,763

440,642

705,719 [ + 6 0 . 2

568,386
213,351
781,737
19,929
67,020
65,315
26,387

568, 386
213; 351
781. 737
22, 465
100, 151
4, i, 314
>,837

541, 809
268,314
810,123
31,839
78,958
57,735
32,081

172,956

1909-13
123
123
1909-13
109
109
1909-13
118 ; 118
128,129 j - 25.9
1913
327 | 267
1913
86 ! 154
282,275
1919
| 193 i 183
0.6
163,341
1919
! 245 ' 161
17.4

12,016
11,162
8,100

,995
1,341
5,800

12,540
11,081
8,300

1.072
1.017

.156
.048

6.100

0.238 I

+
-

61
.
2.4
22.3

Oil Seeds and Nuts.
Reported quarterly.
Peanuts, hulled:
Consumption
short tons.
Stocks
short tons.
Copra:
Consumption
short tons.
Stocks
short tons.
Corn germs:
Consumption
short tons.
Stocks
short tons.
Flaxseed:
Consumption
short tons.
Stocks
short tons.

3,200

1919
1919

- 88.3
+ 64.5

(7)

132,950 i + 33.6

1919
1919

3 75
3 47

115
36

110,200 +

1919
1919

3 61

100
121

1919
1919

3 66
383

2.2

90
170

93

- 19.6
- 74.4
-4.2
-80.3

141
188 !

134 - 5 . 4
264 + 40.5

FOODSTUFFS.
Wheat.
Production, monthly estimate: 12
Winter
thous. of bushs.
Spring
thous. of bushs.
Total
thous. of bushs.
Exports, including
flour
thous. of bushs.
Visible supply
thous. of bushs.
Receipts, principal markets...thous. of bushs.
Shipments, prin. markets
thous. of bushs.
Wheat flour:
Production
thous. of bbls.
Consumption
thous. of bbls.
Stocks
thous. of bbls.
Prices:
No. 1, northern, Chicago..dolls, per bush.
No. 2, red winter, Chicago.dolls, per bush.
Flour, standard patents,
Minneapolis
dolls, per bbl.
Flour, winter straights,
Kansas City
dolls, per bbl.

283,988
197,630
87,550
77,273

90,895
79,853

1914
1919
1919

126 | 129
124 ! 136
86 i 88

1.129
1.071

1913
1913

129
107

124
109

G.344

1913

| 153

5.280 !

5.360

1913

!

144

129
87
114
167
130
207
132

86 i 107
93 j 104 137
86
73 | 73
121 j

111 117
103
121 | 103
131

139
138 !

126

129
87
114
189
196
144
130

+
+
-

0.0
0.0
0.0
12.7
49.4
30.6
2.1

124 - 0.2
115 - 16.3
93 + 8.6
127 + 7.8
+ 3.1

136 I + 2.3
I
I
127 I 137 I
7.8
133

137
4.900 I

129
90
115
108
88
107
88

138

3.8
3.3

3 Quarter ending June 30.
7 Index number less than 1.
u For second month following, i. c. ; figure:: in August columii are as of Oct 1 and in September column as of Nov. 1.




129
92
116
108
163
58
78

42
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMEIUCAL DATA.
NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.
In many cases October figures are
now available and may be found in the
special table on page 23; or in the detailed tables for each subject, pp. 54 to
208.

Septeni-

August,
1923.

Corresponding
month,
August
or September,

INDEX NUMBERS.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1922.

Percentage
increase
(+ }
,
or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1923
from
1922.

1928

1922

BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

Percentage
increase
or docrease

Aug. Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept.

September
from
August.

FOODSTUFFS—Continued.
Corn.
Production, monthly est. 1 2 .. ..mills, of bushs.
Exports, including meal
.thous. of bushs.
Visihlo supply
.thous. of bushs.
Receipts, principal markets. .thous. of bushs.
Shipments, prin. markets
.thous. of bushs.
Grindings (starch, glucose).. .thous. of bushs.
Prices, contract grades,
No. 2, Chicago
.dolls, per bush..
Other Grains.
Oats:
Production, monthly est.12 mills, of bushs..
Receipts, prin. markets...thous. of bushs..
Visible supply
thous. of bushs..
"Exports, including meal, .thous. of bushs..
Prices, contract grades,
Chicago
dolls, per bush..
Barley:
Production,monthly est. 12.thous. of bushs..
Receipts, prin. markets.. .thous. of bushs..
Exports
thous. of bushs..
Price, fair to good, malting,
Chicago
dolls, per bush..
Rye:
Production, monthly est. 1 thous. of bushs..
2
Receipts, prin. markets...thous. of bushs..
Exports, including flour, .thous. of bushs..
Price, No. 2, Chicago
dolls, per bush..

3,029
1,291
2,516
18,474
11,615
5,577

2,896
9.709
13,952
35,296
19,136
6,10S

0.876 i

0.884

1,302
28,179 !

1,302
26,556

10,111 i
Sift I

16,514
1,241

1,230
22,418
35,968
4,870

0.387 j

0.413

0.384

199,251
5,036
2,572

199,251
7,210
2,054

196,431
5,081
3,671

0.623 j

0.654

0.590

0.671 '

64,774
5,342
2,593
0.698

79,623
11,980
11,163
0.715

5,370
26,022 I
52,083 i

5,377
29,644
50,435

5,212
61,312
51,308

5,390

143,044
299,905
207,172
49,101

40,721 - 71.5
195,398
133,052
48,492

- 34.8
• 35.8
1.2

1909-13
1913
1913
1919
1919
1913

105
292
119
163
246
135

107
231
166
235
216
146

110
50
51
95
126
126

114
31
28
121
132
97

112
22
23
146
148
128

112
31
30
123
131
133

+
+

28.0
15.3
11.1
3.5

1913

0.635

3,021
942
1,966
21,822
13,069

100

102

134

137

140

142

+

0.9

1909-13
1913
1913
1913

109
123
220
76

116
109
I 108 68
j 207 49
I 161 21

116
78
33
28

115
136
58
27

115
128
95
41

0.0
- 5.8
+ 63.3
+ 52.3

102 117

112

103

110

+ 67
.

108 ! 108 111
24
45 ! 56
25
143 251

109
22
56

110
56
176

110
80
141

0.0
+ 43.2
- 20.1

104

100

105

4- 5.0

0.3
+ 37.1

i

64,774

1,765 I

160,654

172,551

7.4

27,757

8,135

70.7

1913

27,482 !
13,168

30,467 •f 10.9
9,741 - 26.0

89 I

1909-13.
1913
1913
1913

41,410

36,318 I

35,195 - 15.0
29,272 - 19.4

1909-13
1913
1913
1913

228
926
7,202
114 112

228
1,088

186
186
186
186
297
196
413 4113
,507 2,163 1,139 1,673 +
106
108
110 +
102

0.0
39.2
46.9
4.0

Total Grains.
Total production, estimate ^ . .mills, of bushs..
Total grain exports, incl. flour.thous. of bushs..
Car loadings of grain and grain products. .cars..

1909-13
1913
1919

113
109 110
96
290 295
144 I 132

115
92
112

113
125
134

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

53

16S
75
115
28
108

103
40
108
28

110
84
79
23
49

1913
1913
1914

393,243 ! 215,997

143
34 ! 114 229
302
137 137

186
229
275

1913
1919
1919

164
74
85

138

136

113
143
129

+ 01
.

143
137
220

172
103
192

+ 20.0
25.0
- 12.5

137
65
101

0.0
10.0
+ 50.6

61

+ 53.5

4- 13.9
- 3.2

Argentina.
Grain slupments:
Wheat
Flour
Corn
Oats
Flaxseed
Visible supply:
Wheat
Corn
Flaxseed

thous. of bushs,
thous. of bbls..
thous. of bushs..
thous. of bushs..
thous. of bushs..
thous. of bushs..
thous. of bushs..
thous. of bushs..

Other crops.
Rice:
Production,monthly est.12. thous. of bushs..
Receipts at mills
thous. of bbls..
Sliipments, total from mills-thous. of lbs...
Shipments, through New
Orleans
thous. of lbs..
Stocks, end of m o n t h Domestic, at mills and
dealers
thous. of lbs.
Imports
thous. of lbs.
Exports...,
thous. of lbs.

8,720
81
6,071
902
4,027

>,506
12,492
1,169
1,621
3,700
4,800 !
1,600 I

4,440
3,600
1,400 j

114,542
762
50,625
17,648
27,703

128,145
577
80,598
23,655
40,308

+
+
•+
+

11.9
24.3
59.2
34.0
45.5

1,850
4,000
1,000

32,737 j
438 j
41,039 I

32,737
394
61,795

39,159
909
79,047

592,322

3,526 j j - 30.7
522,185 - 11.8
II

10,193 j

15,647

24,397

205,339

193,349

64,803
2,016
10,200

35,552
479
10,296j

62,141
5,129
11,942

44,481
322,106

I
I
41,804 j - 6.0 j
269,577 | - 16.3

-

5.8

71 I 71

57

56

137
72
67

1919

52

64

40

1919
1919
1919

119
68
S4

92
11
124

15
32

For second month following, i. e., figures in August column are as of Oct. 1 and in September column as of Nov. 1,




38
18
121

164
149
129

30 j 17

- 35.1
- 76.2

+ 0.9

43
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.
NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.
In many cases October figures are
now available and may be found in the August, September,
special table on page 23; in the de1923.
1923.
tailed tables for each subject, pp. 54 to
208.

Corresponding
month,
August
or September,
1922.

INDEX NUMBERS.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1922

Percentage
increase

Percentag<
increase

( }

t

or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1923
from
1922.

1923

1922

1923

BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

(+)

or decrease
SepAug. Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept. tember
from
August.

FOODSTUFFS—Continued.
Other crops—Continued.
Apples:
Production,monthly est. 12 .thous. of bushs.. 190,727
68
Cold-storage holdings
thous. of bbls..
3,749
Car-lot shipments
carloads..
Potatoes, car-lot shipments
carloads.. 15,324
2,168
Onions, car-lot shipments
carloads..
2,994
Citrus fruit, car-lot shipments
carloads..
Hay produc, mo. est.12.. .thous. of short tons.. 86, .538

193,855
869
14,377
22,907
3,701
3,290
86,538

205,539
1,452
13,903
23,795
4,361
1,888
92,886

2,214
1,056
480
1,168

2,295
1,156
(531
1,104

2,397
1,265
630
1,107

457,621
438,662
18,179

443,836
426,989
14,997

448,765
440,185
13,832

46,041

47,891

10.875
15.80
18.40

10.656
17.50
17.30

1913
1919
1919
1919
1919
1919
1913

116
84
205
159
251
35
141

1919
1919
1919
1919

117
141
143
97

72
54
87

93
83
50
91

3.7
9.5
31.5
5.5

1913
1919
1913

131
98
102

122
92
110

119
90
104

3.0
2.7
17.5

53,573

1919

22

24

19

10. 713
15.50
14.90

1913
1913
1913

126
120
114

121
117
125

125
122
141

+
-

2.0
10.8
6.0

113
118
84
111

112
125
45
105

90

97 112 136 +
90

2.9
7.7
64.7
0.3

| 109 | 101 j 156
196 | 208
156 I 146 | 161

146
211
173

199

115 207
208 +

13.9
7.1
4.7

113 i 111 95

-

21.3

110 ! 83
141 I 127 i

86
96 I 103+
130 134 j 134

8.1
0.0

102 I

73
59
33
89

36,527
174,316
17,720
48,537

45,766 + 25.3
163,231 - 6.4
16,517
69,252 + 42.7

110 +
1.6
50 +1,178.0
212
283.5
153
49.5
213
70.7
61
9.9
131
0.0

Cattle and Beef.
Cattle movement, primary markets:
Receipts
thousands..
Shipments, total
thousands..
Shipments, stocker and feeder.thousands..
Slaughter
thousands..
Beef products:
Inspected slaughter produc. .thous. of lbs..
Apparent consumption
thous. of lbs..
Exports
thous. of lbs..
Cold-storage holdings
(1st of following month).. .thous. of lbs..
Prices, Chicago:
Cattle, corn-fed
dolls, per 100 lbs..
Beef, fresh native steers, .dolls, per 100 lbs..
Beef, steer rounds, No. 2. dolls, per 100 lbs..

16,028
6,903
2,933
9,002

+ 2.4
- 2.1
- 4.8
+ 6.0

16,419
6,757
2,792
9,538

3,640,423 3,774,516
3,564,944 3,714,896
134,959
127,238 -

5.7

-

4.0

Hogs and Pork.
Hog movement, primary markets:
Receipts, primary markets
thousands..
Shipments, primary markets, .thousands..
Shipments, stocker and feeder.thousands..
Slaughter
thousands..
Pork products:
Inspected slaughter produc. .thous. of lbs..
Apparent consumption
thous. of lbs..
Exports
thous. oflbs..
Cold-storage holdings (1st of
following month)
thous. oflbs..
Prices:
Hogs, heavy, Chicago
dolls, per 100 lbs..
Smoked hams, Chicago
dolls, per 1b..

3,714
1,448
62
2,283

3,607
1,336
102
2,276 ;

3,062
1,153
34
1,917

26.8
26.8
36.4
26.7

1919
1919
1919
1919

5,314,078 6,650,211 + 2 5 . 1
4,138,114 5,124,128 |+ 23.8
1,080,733 1,481,636 ||+ 37.1

1913
1919
1913

30,961
10,868
442
20,099

39,271
13,779
603
25,470 +

644,603
623,646
162,965

555,094
579,315
170,657

488,252
549,195
120,124

870,122

685,214

558,434

1919

8. 638
0.22:5

9.169
0.235

1913
1913

2,659
1,746
897
894

2,303
1,297
534

97

7. 994 I
0.223 i

Sheep and Mutton.
Sheep movement, primary markets:
j
Receipts, primary markets... .thousands..! 1,800
Shipments, primary markets, .thousands..!
898
Shipments, stocker and feeder .thousands..!
341
Slaughter
thousands.. i
903
Lamb and mutton:
Inspected slaughter produc. .thous. of lbs.. 35,193
('old-storage holdings
(1st of following month)... thous. of lbs..
1,785
Prices:
Sheep, ewes, Chicago
dolls, per 100 lbs..
5.750
Sheep,lambs,Chicago.. .dolls, per 100 lbs.. 12. 813

15,250
7,312
2,016
7,901

15,245
7,507
2,295
7,703

1,005
37,099

[
|+
!!+
';I

0.0
2. 7
13.8
2.5

:j 173 j

1919
1919
1919
1919

i

310,257

333,154 |+ 7.4

12

37,917

64

92 |j

20 ;

95 | 78 !
|

j

72
71 !

i

64 !

3,473
5. 481
13.188

17,671
41,141

41 j

1913
1913

4.938
13.031

20,259
53,197

40
114
160

1919
1919

116 j 102
52 I 67 I

47.7
94.4
163.1
1.0

71 i

5.4

20 -

3. G

123
164

117 | j 169 ! +

4.7
2.9

120 j 117 I;63 j 86 ij+

2.8
36.1

67

1919

1,721

+
144
155 +
85

21

61

79
74
59
86
67

107 • 53
!

97 j

42 j 33

105 j 103 | 108
190 j 179
16;
!

20,834
39,101

154,295

144,57'

For second month following, i. e., figures in August column are as of Sept. 1 and in September column as of Nov. 1.




104
159

1913

Fish.
Total catch, prin. fishing ports, .thous. oflbs..
Cold-storage holdings, loth of mo. thous. oflbs..

81 !

98 ! 121
29 | 44

TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
INDEX LUMBERS.

NUMERICAL DATA.
NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.
SeptemIn many cases October figures are
ber,
now available and may be found in the August,
1923.
1928.
special table on page 23; or in the detailed tables for each subject, pp. 54 to
208.

Corresponding
month,
August
or September,

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST M O N T H .

1922

Per! centage
increase

Percentage
increase.

('+)
or decrease
(-)
cumulative

1922
BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

1923
from
1922.

1928

1922.

II <+> o
J or d
1 crease
1

Aug.

Itemboi
Sept. J u n e . J u l y . | Aug. | Sept- I from
1
Align-;!.

I

i '

FOODSTUFFS-Contlnued.
Poultry.
Receipts at five markets.......... thous. of lbs..
Cold-storage holdings
(1st of following m o n t h ) . . . . . . . thous. of lbs..

18,008

18,848

17.229

34,131

33,106

25,985

180.520 1+ 20.7

1919

84 i

9L

95 Ij-f

4.3

1919

142,528

62 I

51

60 H—

3.0

16

20 JJ4- 2S.3

Dairy Products.
Condensed and evaporated milk:
Exports
thous. of lbs..
Receipts at 5 markets:
Butter
thous. of lbs..
Cheese
thous. of 1 bs..
Eggs
thous. of cases..
Cold-storage holdings (1st of following mo.):
Creamery butter
thous. of lbs..
\ merican cheese
.thous. of lbs..
Case eggs
thous. of cases..
Wholesale prices at 5 markets:
Butter
..dolls, perlb..
Cheese..
dolls, perlb..!
Fluid milk:
Receipts—
Boston (incl. cream).. .thous. of qtts..j
Greater New YorJk
thous. of cans.. 1
Production—Minneapolis
thous. of qts..
Sugar.
Baw:
Imports
„
long tons..
Meltings, 7 ports.
long tons..
Stocks at refineries, end of
month
long ions..
Refined:
Exports
long t011s..
fc
Cane, domestic:
Receipts at New Orleans
long tons..
Prices:
Wholesale, 96° centrifugal,
N. Y
dolls, p e r l b . .
Wholesale, refined, N. Y
dolls, p e r l b . .
Retail, average 51 cities
index number
Cuban movement:
Receipts at Cuban ; ports
long tons..
Exports
long 1 ons..
Stocks
long tons..

11,261 {

14,444

149,579

124.774 i j - 16.6

J919

16

531,978
155,399
14,609

529,431 ! | -

0.5

167,896 ;!-t14,729 | +

3.0
0.3

1919
1919
1919

136
122
S7

1916-20
1916-20
1916-20

199
144
260

133
215

61
65

70

|j

I

5b, 814
22, 291
1,205

51,287
18,44a
991

46,419
17,729
815

102,731
63; 960
9,SS3

96,088
62,485
8,718

96.680
49,473
7,924

m
.244;

.464
.256

15,653
2,479
17,742

14,928
2,411
16,067

202,336
310,729

199,870

.410
.216

14,589
2,233
10,396

1

1919
1919

197
156
174

112 j ! - 12. S
165 I 128
113 l l - 17.3
15.) ! 137
113 I 101 ! S3 I!— 17.8

111
99
277

181
150

182
172
268

6S

101
109

67

74
79

78 ];+

120

170 j — 6 5
j
.
168 ;!- 2.3
236 ! — 11.8
!
5.2
83 ! + 4 9
:
.

174,232 3,766,594
312,909 4.267,292

139,373 i -f 2.7
22,513 ;|+ 11.3
161,698
32.2

2,751,054 3,306,111 -

27.0
22.5

1919
1913
1919

118
154
155

112 j 137
149 I 184
146
293

127
238
261

166
24$

114 !:—
161 ! j 225 ; ! -

1913
1919

242
166

1 99 I 177
96 j 122

122
80

115
97

114 I 1.2
83 ! • - 15.3

1919

135,676
20,224
122,308

4.6
2.7
9.4

276

189 i 307

268,365
180,577

209, 798
2,624

202 j | -

!|

192,375
807,635

190.558

24,69,2

12, $70 j

42.719

-

76.4

1913

- 73.0

108

145 |j+ 63.6

7

436 !1,072

12 i! + 46.1

1913

1,358

4,203
1,368

8.3

!j

1,998
.061
.076

64,878
148.237
429,588

.070

I....

.043 ;
.063 :

62,810
90,378 3,754,722
209,473 |! 213,728 ; 3,541,537
285,549 |j 341,329

3,332,789 I - 11.2
3,077,337 - 13.1

i;

1913
1913
1913

148
158
147

1919
3919
1919

56
108
72

138 I 213
146 I 215
144 ! 202
27
66 I
53 |

198
173
199 ! 178
175
20 I

55
84
92

46 I

199
193
175

+ 14. S
i+ 7.9
0.0

• - 3.2
64 l-f 41.3
- 33.5

Coffee.
Imports
Visible supply (1st of following
World
.'
United States
Receipts, total, Brazil
Clearances:
Total, Brazil, for world
Total, Brazil, for U. S

thous. of lbs..
mo.):
thous.
thous. of bags..
thous. of bags..

72,966 j 116,781 || 159,318
5,777
716
1,269

5,742
1,265

8,513
940
948

859,015 I

7,704

958,376

4- 11.6

7, £29 >- 4.9

178

1909-13
1913
1913
1913

74
48
114

72

94

92 i

•• - I
(

50 !

60
45 ]! 108

90
49;
38 i
133 I

00.0

154

| - 0.0
i-f si. s
132 | | -

0.3

99 i
thous. of bags..
thous. of bags..

1,543
803

1,664
890

1,083
554

8,771
3,935

9,623 + 9.7
5,031
27.9

1913
1913

105
108

thous. of lbs..

9,569

12,921

1 7,938

60,010

66,859 4- 11.4

1909-13

117

109
141

72

86

156 i
204 !

7.8
10.8

Tea.
Imports




1

81 ! 117

Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in efloot; remaining 9 days included with October.

116

157 i»4- 35.0

45
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
INDEX NUMBERS.

NUMERICAL DATA.
NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this n u m b e r . Consult index a t end
of bulletin.

In many cases October figures are
now available and may be found in the August, September.
1923.
special table on page 23; or in the de1923.
tailed tables for each subject, pp. 54 to
208.

Corresponding
month,
August
or September,

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

or decrease
lative

1922

Percentage
increase

Percentage
increase
1922

or decrease
/ "
i

v—/

September
Aug. Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept. from
August.

1923

1923

from

1922.

1928

BASE
YEAR
OR
PERIOD.

1922.

TOBACCO.
Consumption (tax-paid withdrawals):
Large cigars
millions..
Small cigarettcs
millions..
Manufactured tobacco
aridsnufT..
.
. . thous. of lbs
Exports:
Unmanufactured leaf
thous. of lbs..
Cigarettes... .
thousands .
Sales at loose-leaf warehouses
thous. of lbs..
Price, wholesale, Burley good leaf,
dark red, Louisville
dolls, per 100 lbs..
Stocks (reported quarterly):
Chewing, smoking, snuff,
export
mills, of lbs..
Cigar tobacco
mills of lbs
Total, including imported
mills, of lbs..

+ 3.8
+ 18.0

1913

102

99

94

93

98

95

1913

492

428

450

450

452

429

316,105

-

1913

112

100

97

91

98

92

+ 15.2
+ 6.8

1909-13

92

105

165

149

109

123

1919

545

594

530

677

480

632

+ 12.7
+ 31.7

1919

62

64

46

86

+ 89.5

208

212

212

0.0

616

599

626

4,958

5,145

5, S58

5,567

5,554

40,998

48,384

36,172

33,881

37,108

324,279

34,154

2.5

38,487

33,102

295,785

340,838

927,372 1,221,765

1,148,533

8,686,094

9,275,903

37,453

70,991

52,413

286,630

229,304

28.00

28.00

27.50

1913

208

3 1,196

-

20.0

211

212

-2.8
- 5.0
-

6.3

1,087

993

1913

3138

123

148

134

—

9.1

425

393

383

1913

3 112

103

115

106

-

7.5

3 1,698

1,562

1,457

1913

3 131

US

138

127

- 8 . 0

1,507

1,384

543

4,375

11,633

1915

309

298

772

853

827

759

-

381

446

372

2,799

3,829

1915

183

203

253

219

208

243

+ 17.1

1915

286

279

515

574

532

532

1913

103

110

138

144

144

128

-

11.0

1913

86

76

74

75

150

71

-

52.4

96

a

TRANSPORTATION—WATER
Cargo Traffic.
Panama Canal:
In American vessels.. .thous. of long tons..
In British vessels
thous. of long tons..
Total cargo traffic
thous. of long tons..
Sault Ste Marie Canal
thous. of short tons..
New York State canals.. .thous. of short tons..
Mississippi River:
Keccipts at St. Louis . .
short tons
Shipments from St. Louis
short tons..
Government barge line
tons..
Ohio River
thous. of short tons

2,169

2,169

1,138

9,303

14,353

12,776

10,986

43,529

557

265

2S1

1,212

15,475

13,450

13,075

128,830

47,335

27,455

11,530

161,650

80,399

54,543

21,786

519,342

943

565

511

1,920

+ 165.9
+ 36.8
18,317 + 96.9
65,913 + 51.4
1,607 + 32. 6 |
- 23.9 !
+ 28.5 ;
550,154 + 5.9

76

-

13.1

692

-

42.0

953

625

-

32.2

210

215

316

189

-

40.1

13.5

83

74

89

1913

380

291

845

1919

597

250

1922

84

171

!

Vessels in Foreign Trade.
Entered in United States ports:
Total
thous.
American .
thous
Foreign
thous.
Cleared from United States ports:
Total
...
thous
American
thous.
Foreign
tiious

88

1913

+ 14S.6

0.0

S22 1,194
921
507

98,015

207,695
4,774

8.2

of net tons..
of net tons
of net tons..

6,574

5,685

6,278

+

2.7 !

1913

147

141

134

154

148

128

-

2 249

2, SOS

47,860
22,593

49,149

2 453

19,697

— 12. 8 '

1913

259

239

223

210

209

192

—

4,121

3,436

3,470

25,267

29,453

+ 16.6

1913

107

106

102

134

126

105

-

of net tons
of net tons..
of net tons

6,695

5,965

6,479

47,5S3

49,809

+

4.8

1913

138

145

137

155

149

133

— 10.9

2,559

2,444

22,729

- 11.4
+ 19. 6

232

244

212

209

205

196

- 4 . 5

3,521

20,130
29,737

1913

4,136

3,050
3,429

1913

101

100

107

134

128

109

— 14.9

24,854

8.3
16.6

Index of Ocean Freight Rates.
United States Atlantic t o United Kingdom, weighted index number
All Europe
weighted index number
TRANSPORTATION

1920

29.2

27.0

21.2

20. 2

+ 3.5

24.6

2:5.4

21.3

19.9

20.1
20.0

208

1920

207

+

3.5

37

-

40.1

RAIL.

Freight Cars.
Surplus (daily av. last week of month):
Box
number..
Coal
number..
Total
number
Shortage (daily av. last week of month):
Box
number
Coal
number..
Total
number




3

50,935

30,527

201

1919

5

67

62

5,651

3,486

1919

72

(7)
5

42

3,922

6

9

5

66,559

41,745

5,843

1919

37

3

31

40

35

7 + 44.1
22

-

37.3

2,518

6,476

66,529

1919

189

350

11

14

13

34

+ 157.2

4,891

5,439

38,954

1919

329

927

190

114

116

130

+ 11.2

9,441

15,331

130,325

1919

243

539

49

40

39

63

+ 62.4

Quarter ending June 30.

7

Index n umber less than 1.

46
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
INDEX NUMBEKS.

NUMERICAL DATA.
NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.
In many cases October figures are
now available and may be found in the
special table on page 23; or in the detailed tables for each subject, pp. 54 to
208.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL

August,
,923.

Corresponding
month,
August
or September,
1922.

September.
1923.

THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1922

1923

Percentage
increase

Percentage
increase

{

v

or de
crease
(-)
cumulative
1923
from
1922.

1922

1923

BASE
YEAR
OK

or decrease

PERIOD.

September
from
August.

Aug. Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept.

TRANSPORTATION—BAlLr—Continued.
Freight Cars—Continued.
Locomotives in bad order, 1st of following
month, per cent to total in use:
32.3
Freight
per cent..
IS. 0
16.3
16.8
30.7
Passenger
per cent..
17.3
Bad order cars (1st of following month):
Total
number.. 175,327
151 °32 291,654
7.7
Per cent to total in use
per cent..
i
12.8
Car loadings (weekly average):
SI 6
Total
cars..;] ,039,570 1,039,01
Grain and grain products
cars.. 52,083
50,435
34,228
Live stock
cars..
170,512
Coal
cars.. 193,023
178,261
56,871
Forest products
cars..
76,405
72,724
52,448
80,297
Ore
cars..
73,461
559,981
Merchandise and miscellaneous
cars.. 590,056 611,035
40,355
39,449
34,271
Freight carried
mills, of ton-miles..,
Railroad Operations.
Revenue:
Freight
thous. of dolls..
Passengers
thous. of dolls..
Total, operating
thous. of dolls..
Operating expense
thous. of dolls..
Net operating income
thous. of dolls..
Per cent on tentative valuation..per cent..
Receipts per ton-mile
cents..
Pullman passengers carried
thousands..

1919
1919

116
106

119
116

75
67

73
72

65

- 9.1
- 3.1

1919
1913

213

193
188

126
135

125
122

116
113

100 |— 13.7
99 - 12.4

1919
1919
1919
1919
1919
1919
1919
1913

109
144
90
56
102
177
118
111

I 117
| 132
106
97
100
| 140
| 119
! 125

125
89
92
105
137
236
123
139

123
112
93
105
124
221
119
141

130
134
104
109
134
215
125
148

130
129
120
101
128
196
129
144

355,933 I i 2,847,983 3,440,187 + 20.9
865,639 + 7.8
97,530
802,740
500,883 4,031,348 4,741,931 + 17.6
408,913 3,216,592 3,702,564 + 15.1
719,321 + 35.9
58,678
529,262
2.89
1.168
26,045 j | + 9.1
2,990
23,867

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

185
176
186
213
87
.52
162
148

201
169
196
225
98
56
156"
144

219
214
179
187
212 210
229
228
141
146
96
106
157- 152
152
153

227
196
217
235
164
96
154
167

221 !184 '214 229 154 87 -

111
105
99
108.6
111.2

402,231
113,039
564,559
427,783
98,343
4.94
1.108
3,456

390.50S
105,936
545,503
415,983
92,238"
4.46

2,032
546
210,508

2,030
549
214,590

1,767
511
165,015

1921
1914
1920
1915
1921

14,816

15,039

13,145

1914

27.12

27.41

25.71

1914
1915

214,215
205,137
165,910
1.04
101,974
18,756

173, 255
178,347
137,318
.97
107,652
16,31.8

225, 896
239,751
179,644
.94
67,016
17,261

22,334
13,909
8,425

26,052
16,103
9,949

3,178
1,136
2,042

3,200
1,186
2,014

3,268

- 0.1
- 3.2
+ 16.0
-7.6
-4.8
-8.5
+ 3.6
- 2.2

• -158 .

6.3
3.4
2.8
6.2
9.4

- 5.4

LABOR.
Number employed:
United States (1,428 firms)
thousands..
New York State
thousands..
Detroit
number. .|
Wisconsin
index number..
Illinois
index number
Total pay roll:
New York State
thous. of dolls..
Average weekly earnings:
New York State
dolls..
Wisconsin
index number
Employment agency operations:
Workers registered
number
Jobs registered
number..
Workers placed
number..
Average applicants per job
number..
Immigration
number..
Emigration
number..




212 i 221 ! 260

256

249

0.0
-f 1.0

+ 19
.
- 18
.
- 06
.

253 + 1 5
.

201 I 206 223 217 217 220 + 1.1
!
]99.5 J200.3 225.6 208.9 1221.2 1221. 2 I 0.0
112 J
205
190
54
56
34

98
180
171
54
49
35

92 I 106
145 ! 176
176
144
64 ! 60
86
44 ! 37

86 I - 19.1
153 ] 13.1
145 ! 17.2
56 j
6.7
91
5.6
32 !- 13.0

342,388
188,351

629,016 + 83.7
136,374 + 27.6

1921
1921
1921
1921
1913
1913

21,464
14,375
7,089

181,831
121,279
59,552

242,051 + 33.1
151,749 + 25.1
90,302 + 51.6

1913
1913
1913

157 j 190 221
153 i 180 167
351

199
188
226

198
175
255

231 + 16.6
202 -f 15.8
301 + 18.1

2,902
1,022
1,880

24,097
8,426
15,671

27,087 + 12.4
9,931 + 17.9
17,156 + 9.5

1920
1920
1913

108
123
261

112
139
259

113
140
261

121
144
288

122 + 0 7
.
150 + 4 4
.
.
284 - 1 4

115
192
180
60
46
38

83 I

j

I

DISTRIBUTION M O V E M E N T .
Mail-order houses, total sales...thous. of dolls..
Sears, Roebuck & Co
thous. of dolls..
Montgomery Ward & Co...thous. of dolls..
Restaurant sales:
Total, two chains
thous. of dolls..
Waldorf, Inc
thous. of dolls..
Childs Co
thous. of dolls..

2,043,089 1,733,360 - 15.2
1,655,640 | 1,736,921 + 4.9
1,285,724 1,328,277 + 3.3

131 130 130
131
113
115 114 115
J 107 116
125
124 119 121
93
'110.1 !il24.4 28.4 126.7 123.1
127.6
1113.0 127.3 126.8

111
129
265

47
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.
NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.
In many cases October
figures are
now available and may be found in the
special table on page 23; or in the detailed tables for each subject, pp. 54 to
208.

August,
1923.

September,
1923.

Perjntage
increase
(+)
or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1923
from
1922.

CUMLTLATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

Corresponding
month,
August
or September,
1922.

1923

INDEX NUMBERS.
1922
BASE
YEAR

Percentage
increase

1923

(+)

or decrease
(-)
September
Aug. Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept. from
August.

DISTRIBUTION MOVEMENT—Contd.
Ten-cent stores, total .sales
thous. of dolls..
F. W. Wool worth Co
thous. of dolls..
S. S. Kresgc Co
thous. of dolls..
McCrory Stores Corp
thous. of dolls..
S. H. Kress & Co
thous. of dolls..
Chain stores:
J. C. Penney Co
thous. of dolls..
United Cigar Stores Co.. . .thous. of dolls..
Owl Drug Co
thous. of dolls..
A. Schulte, Inc
thous. of dolls..
American Wholesale Corp.,
total sales
thous. of dolls..
Candy sales by manufacturers, .thous. of dolls..
Ma;razme advertising
(for following month)
thous. of lines..
Newspaper advertising
thous. of lines..
Postal receipts
thous. of dolls..
Internal revenue taxes collected on—
Theater admissions
thous. of dolls..
Firearms and shells
thous. of dolls..
Jewelry, watches,
and clocks
thous. of dolls..
Bonds, capital stock
issues, and conveyances, .thous. of dolls..
Capital stock transfers
thous. of dolls..
Money orders:
Issued —
Domestic
number..
Domestic, value
dolls..
Foreign, value
dolls..
Paid Domestic
number
Donsestio, value
dolls..

25,551

25,198

14,964

14,775

6, 338

6,324

1,722

1,668

2,527

2,431

4,2*9

6,010

0,204

6,419

22,620
13,508
5,423
1,386
2,304

182,507

125,452

42,344

54,019

11,083

14,082

19, 795

22, 289

4,753
6,421
891
1,516

31,090

38,927

52.460

54, 010

7,712

14,012

902
1,784

3,151 I
22,886 j

3,195
21,418

2,764 | 22,175
24,897 j 254,517

1,780 |
80,653 |
22,624 !

2,263
93,014
23,272

1,907

15,187

88, 034

786,378

22,764

196,075

5, 561
347

4,933
516

4,789

49, 529

214

2,371

1,546 |

1,162

1,085

14,727

3,130
435

28,771

3,004

632 I

+ 22.0
+ 3.0
+ 7.2
+ 20.7

8,265

11,611

973
1,670

3,425 !
484

4- 18.3
15.0
+ 27.6
+ 27.1
+ 12.6

215,842

109,135

7,386

24, 435 + 10.2
265,349 + 4.3
19,081 i -f 25.6
853,119 I + 8.5
215,907 I •+ 10.1

1913

300

270

254

1913

284
245
491
308
257

323

235
464
304
248

1913

246 ! 260

257

1913
1913
1913

587 | 520
380 | 360
298 ! 284

1913

289 ! 274

327

1919

205 i 226

246

1913

225 '<

1920

1913
1919
1919

53,95;-) i'+ 8.9
3,286 [ + 3 8 . 9

1919
1919

87 !
183

16,904 , + 14.8

1919

102

i
35,366 j + 22.9
6,792 - 8.0

1919
1919

231

1.4
1.3
0.2
3.2
3.8

234 + 1.4
51 : - 6.4

123

145 I 185

+ 27.1

100

96 j 111

jt 15.3
-

127

2.9

115

95

142

194

123

103 j 91 j - .1.3
108 j 161 ! + 48.7
129

133

84
64 ;

j!||ji!!-

1,950 !2,732 I + 40.1
254 | 260 | + 2.5
294
299
278 | - 7.3
231
249
265 i + 6.8

118

91

316
268
572
371
271

241

202 140
63 :;

156
121
141
117
105
93
116 ! 124 129

321
271
574
383
281

115

97 I- 24.8

96 !

87 •;—

48

82

43 : |- 10.1

8.6

I
i
2,2.33 |

20,481

23,
245,
26,

2,440
26, 744
3, 539

2,424
26,151
3, 548

9, 008
70, 860

9,104
73, 020

68,719 i

22,201
21,902
42, 500
235, 505

22,125
21.K34

44,810
530, 778

451,809

2,671,206

! 10S,
,

234,498 ! 314,821

347,112

2,492,409

! 634,
,

24,128 j

216,486 j

1,789 i

14.0

1919

13.3

1919

92. 2

1919

117 ; 118 : 140
110 | 111 I 128
59 I 00 i 105

134

129

128

123

123 j
119 |

120

117 :

1.1

112 '

3.0

111

119

80,003

90,430 '•; +
13.0

1919

108 i 112

137

114

576,398

17.1
674,720 j i H—

1919

96 | 105

]20

104

116
10S

22,818 i

208,123

202,

2.8

1919

90 !

90 I

87

87

87

-

0.3

22,.r>r>4 i

205,938

199;

1919

90

K9

87

87

87 I—

0.3

53,135 |

339,074

443,

3. 2
30.8
16.4

1913

147

200 ! 188
,

103

160 ! 169 \+

5.4

1913

359

754 j 1,046
'

341

390

880 '-1-125.4

1913

3X9 i 610

426

412

553

1919

92

8,678 i

PUBLIC FINANCE.
Cross debt
mills, of dolls ..
U. S. inf erest-bearing debt
mills, of dolls..
Customs receipts
thous. of dolls..
Ordinary receipts
thous. of dolls..
Ordinary expenditures
thous. of dolls..
T
Money held outside l . S. Treasury
and Federal Reserve System:
Total
mills, of dolls..
Per capita
dolls..

4,778
42.85

4,850 j
43.45 !

4,521
41.04

88 I

617

99 : + 1.5
1.4
94

92

1919

4- 34.3

i

BANKING AND FINANCE.
Banking.
Debits to individual accounts:
New York City
mills, of dolls..
Outside New York City
mills, of dolls..
Bank clearings:
Now York City
mills, of dolls..
Outside New York City... .mills, of dolls..
Federal Reserve Banks:
Bills discounted
.mills, of dolls..
Total investments
mills, of dolls..
Notes in circulation
mills, of dolls..
Total reserves
mills, of dolls..
Total deposits
mills, of dolls..
Reserve ratio
per cent..




16,189
17,308

14,778
13,895

816
267
2,225
3,201
1,908
77.5

16,799
17,261

19,215
16,522

177,654

177,179

148,190

167,521

15,071
13,900

17,285
13,406

162,001

158,721

- 2 . 0

1913

113,605

133,861

4- 17.8

1913

862
264
2,248
3,193
1,930
76.4

420
690
2,243
3,203
1,840

78.4

-

0.3 |
|
13.0

1919
1919

1919
1919
1919
1919
1919
1919

90
90

94

103
111

104

215
225

219
233

237

211

21
117
82
146
97
158

22
117
86
146
95
156

4-3.8
0.3

90

94

267

40

39

57
85
146

84
146

187
242
42
45
85
146

100
153

156

154

+

2.0
0.0

-

1.1

242
45
45
86
145
100
152

4 1.0
0.2

4 12
- .
- 13
.

48
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.
NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

In many cases October figures are
now available and may be found in the August.
special table on page 23; or in the de- 1923.
tailed tables for each subject, pp. 54 to
203.

September,
1928.

Corresponding
month,
August
or September,
1922.

INDEX NUMBERS.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1923

1922
crease

1922

Percentage
increase

Per- |
centage
Increase

(-)
cumulative
1923
from
1922.

1923

(+)

BASE
YEAR

or decrease

or
PERIOD.

SepAug. Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept. tember
from
August.

BANKING AND FINANCE—Continued.
Banking—Continued.
Federal Reserve member banks:
Total loans and discounts, .mills, of dolls..
11,708
11,877
10,988
Total investments
mills, of dolls..
4,537
4,545
4,468
Net demand deposits
mills, of dolls..
10,891
10,880
11,085
Interest rates:
New York call loans
per cent..
4.95
4.85
4.48
Commercial paper, 60-90 d a y s . . .per cent..
5.08
5.16
4.18
Saving deposits (bal. to credit of depositors),
by Federal Reserve Districts:
Total, 858 banks
thous. of dolls.. 6,625,963 6,672,204 6,059,101
Boston, 64 banks
thous. of dolls.. 1,194,152 1,198,304 1,108,924
New York, 30 banks., .thous. of dolls.. 1,854,412 1,873,986 1,744,493
Philadelphia, 80 banks.thous. of dolls.
461,922 461,474
420,090
Cleveland, 18 banks.. .thous. of dolls.. 432,286
435,528
383,995
Richmond, 92 banks.. .thous. of dolls.. 288,652
290,092
274,199
Atlanta, 97 banks
thous. of dolls.. 215,358 217,318
187,117
Chicago, 209 banks
thous. of dolls.. 858,657
861,491
773,053
St. Louis, 35 banks
thous. of dolls.. 130,158
130,128
117,136
Minneapolis, 15 banks .thous. of dolls.,
90,326
88,820
80,827
Kansas City, 56 banks.thous. of dolls.. 103,892
103,871
96,882
Dallas, 85 banks
thous. of dolls.
60,716
60,740
53,357
San Francisco,77 banks.thous. of dolls.. 936,938 948,946
819,028
U. S. Postal Savings
thous. of dolls.
133,101
132,526
134,230

1921
1921

90
135
103

92
133
105

99
139
105

1913
1913

126

141
72

159
86

158 156

153 li-

1.9
1.1

1920
1920
1920
1920
1920
1920
1920
1920
1920
1920
1920
1920
1920
1920

111
107
113
108
110
119
111
102
129
109
119
117
115
341

111
107
114
108
111
122
111
103
129
113
120
119
117
338

122
115
121
117
125
129
130
115
143
124
132
135
134
331

122
115
121
119
125
128
130
114
143
124
130
135
134
331

123
116
124
118
126
129
129
115
144
126
128
136
136

0.7
0.3
1.1
0.1

243 | 230 220 !160 I 149 146 174 ! 162 159 -

1919

135
105

135
103

122
115
121
119
125
128
128
114
144
124
128
136
134
333

100 + 1.4
135 i + 0.2
|
103 ||+ 0.1

1+ 0.7

+ 05
.
+ 09
.
+ 03
.
0.0
+ 17
.
0.0
0.0
+ 13
.
335 + 0.4

Life Insurance.
Policies, new:
Ordinary
thous. of policies.
Industrial
thous. of policies.
Group
,
number of policies.
Total insurance...
thous. of policies.
Amount of new insura,nce:
Ordinary
thous. of dolls.
Industrial
thous. of dolls.
Group
thous. of dolls.
Total insurance...
thous. of dolls.
Premium collections:
Ordinary
thous. of dolls.
Industrial
thous. of dolls.
Group
thous. of dolls.
Total insurance-..
thous. of dolls.

1,380
5,100
437
6,479

1,615
5,940
684
7,557

+
+
+
+

17.0
16.5
56.5
16.6

1913
1913
1913
1913

201
135

191
126

272

146

137

197

338,789 3,473,623
97,257 1,022,344
124,639
16,785
452,831 4,620,606

4,200,356
1,268,282
207,176
5,675,815

+
+
+
+

20.9
24.1
66.2
22.8

1913
1913
1913
1913

292 257
400 356 I 338 307 |- 9.0
198
187
285 256 ! 245 241 - 1.7
672 1,162 3,580 1,075 'l,257 ,037 - 17.5
268 245
334 j 319 294
393

71,739
23,709
1,180
96,628

742,814
220,789
11,520
975,121

.827,320
251,986
14,137
1,093,443

+
+
+
+

11.4
14.1
22.7
12.1

1913
1913
1913
1913

1,225
28,488

1,566
36,908

18,427
490,914

13,499 357,967

26.7

1913
1913

128
177

117
162

102
126

92
157

99
151

92 |j- 7.1
125 i|— 17.0

-

17.1

387,120

366,035

2,835,447

1913

164

247

254

127

174

261 !i+ 49.8

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

79
97
63
63

131
155

144
137
114
178
138

111
111
124
87
138

100
62
69
149

158 I

1913

162

201

238

173

100

150 + 49.5

1913

247

350

501

158

153 -

170
567
54
737

163
556
41
720

445,157
127,090
18,161
590,408

404,940
124,905
14,984
544,829

90,976
29,006
1,666
121,648

79,060
27,378
1,412
107,850

1,319
34,335
258,416

141
480
49
621

214
194
246 j 246 214
255
242
268 ! 269 254
220
271
3,813 3,806 4,506 5,019 J5,374 4,555
223
254 j 254 226
202
261

41
.
11
.
24.1
2.3

i|- 13.1
j - 5.6
j - 15.2
||- 11.3

Business Finances.
Business failures:
Firms
number.
Liabilities
thous. of dolls.
Total dividend and interest payments w
(for following month)
thous. of dolls.
Dividend payments (for following mo.):13
Total
thous. of dolls.
Indust. and misc. corp
thous. of dolls.
Steam railroads
thous. of dolls.
Street railways
thous. of dolls.
U. S. Steel Corp.'s earnings
thous. of dolls.
New capital issues:
Corporations
thous. of dolls.
States and municipalitiesPermanent loans
thous. of dolls.

+ 7.4
57,216
38,506
15,315
3,396
16,997

93,420
60,795
23,610
9,015
14,289

137,423

205,516

53,711

51,937

w Cumulutives for 10-month period January to October, inclusive.




3,045,096

802,389
448,125
238,950
62,238
74,093

825,696
461,136
244,155
65,106
129,692

276,320 2,603,243

2,713,874

91,435
59,825
22,975
8,635
7,020

119,209

1,057,577

+ 2.9
+
+
+
+
+

802,708 -

2.9
2.2
4.6
75.0
4.2
24.1

24

134 |

63.3
57.9
95
54.2
184 + 165.5
125 - 15.9

3.3

49
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.
NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.
In many cases October figures are
now available and may be found in the
special table on page 23; or in the detailed tables for each subject, pp. 54 to
208.

August,
1923.

Corresponding
Septemmonth,
ber,
August
1923.
or SepI tember,
1922.

INDEX NUMBERS.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1922

1923

1,929,427
431,602
520,678
1,840,348
196,150
6,899,257

PerI contage
j ini crease
i (+)
or de1
crease

Pereentag
increas

!

1922
or decrease

RASE
YEAR

cumulative
1923
from
1922.

Aug. Sopt.

July

Aug. Sept,

September
from
August.

BANKING AND FINANCE-Continued.
Business Finances—Continued.
Total corporate securities:
New capital
thous. of dolls.
Refunding
thous. of dolls.
Stocks
thous. of dolls.
Bonds and notes
thous. of dolls.
Bond issues, 16 Southern States.thous. of dolls.
New incorporations
thous. of dolls.
Telephone earnings:
Total operating revenues, .thous. of dolls.
Total operating income
thous. of dolls.
Telegraph earnings:
Commercial telegraph tolls.thous. of dolls..
T e l e g r a p h a n d cable
operating revenue
thous. of dolls..
Operating income
thous. of dolls..
Credit conditions:
Orders
per ct. of total transactions..
Indebtedness.per ct. of total transactions..
Payments
pcr'ct. of total transactions..

111,657
21,388
14,557
118,488
14,264
335,462

137,098
4,182
29,870
111,410
17,938
500,830

213,992
18,511
650,044

1,893,910
593,782
503,646
1,984,046
243,133
6,125,955

43,878
8,579

43,810
9,119

40,930
9,092

356,334
78,446

391,839 + 10.0
90,076

9,313

9,174

9,261

74,186

80,896 + 14.8

286,180
82,500
154,689

+ 1.9
— 27.3
+ 3.4
— 7.2
— 19.3
+ 12.6

1920
1921
1920
1920
1922
1913

44
122
47
53
87
375

127
386
173
135
70
377

95
345
28
166
133
814

58
7
24
70
56
421

49
69
16
75
54
195

61 + 22.3
20 - 80.4
33 + 105.2
71 - 6.0
68 + 25.8
291 + 49.3

1913
1913

309
231

312

335
252

327
224

324
231

334
246

+

0.2
6.3

123

121

-

1.5

113
100 102

-

0.6

245
120

120
122

11,428
1,634

11,359
1,665

11,521
2,090

31.1
43.9
55.1

30.
45.8
54.8

102.95
56.24
86.20
13,126

93,742
14,350

99,783 + 6.4
14,239 - 0 . 8

1919
1919

113
119

29. 5
43.0
45.8

1916
1916
1916

109
110
82

102. 74
57.14
84. 54

107.02
68. 70
102. 02

1913
1913
1921

178 j 184 j
123 ; 121 I

14,610

21, 775

1913

258

114
128
107
112
S3

112
100
99
114
103

106
70 I

113

113
113
100

111
118
100

+ 19
.
- 19
.
+ 43
.
- 0.5

Stocks and Bonds.
Stock prices, closing:
25 industrials, average... .dolls, per share..
25 railroads, average
dolls, per share..
103 stocks, average
dolls, per share..
Stock sales:
N. Y. Stock Exchange
thous. of shares..
Bond sales:
Miscellaneous
thous. of dolls..
Liberty-Victory
thous. of dolls..
Total
thous. of dolls..
Bond prices:
Highest-grade rails, .p. ct. of par, 4% bond..
Second-grade r a i l s . . p . ct. of par, 4% bond..
Public utility
p . c t . of par,4% b o n d . .
Industrial
p. ct. of par, 4% bond..
Comb, price index. .p. ct. of par,4% bond..
5 Li berty bonds
p. ct. of p a r . .
10 foreign government and
city
p.ct. of p a r . .
Comb. x>rice index, 67 bonds, .p. ct. of p a r . .
Municipal bond yield
per cent..

192,502

172,720

- 10.3

82 j

182

83 | 73
j

314

100

177 177 - 0 . 2
68
69 + 1.6
102 j 100 - 1.9

f 11.3

293

190

211

1919
1919
1919

312 | 285 242
38 i 38
31
80
101 \ 95

163

152 - 7.0
20 + 15.0
51 + 0.9

I

1,460,646 ! - 24.0
587,074 | - 54.1
2,015,720 | -- 36.1

116,601
41,776
158,380

108,459
48,048
J56,507

203,184
88,909
292,093

83. 66
67.81
66.35
72.02
71.86
98. 75

82. 70
66.80
05. 95
71.71
71.22
98.40

89. 29
74.89
71. 59
76.28
77.47
100. 32

1915
1915
1915
1915
1915
1921

99
99
97
108
101
108

92
90
90
103
94
106

92 88 90 ! 89 102 102
93 94
106 10fi

100.17
93. 53
4.29

99.62
92.90
4.35

101.59
96.34
4.15

1921
1921
1913

110
113
93

110
109
95

108
110
96

141,433
2,852

134,279
2,851

1913
1913

188 j
«26 !

188
25

3.7
0.3

;

<97,989
3
1,370
25.05

1913
1913
1913

236 1 229 221
»90 i 91
81
3
4 7 ! 49
45

40 I - 10.8

201,303
3
2,233

1913
1913

1,922,747
1,277,951
3,200,698

93 !

88 j

108
109
98

1.1
1.5
0.6
0.4
0.9
1.5

- 0.6
- 0.7
f 1.4

Corporation Stockholders.
(The following figures are quarterly.)
Pennsylvania Railroad Co.:
Domestic
number..j 3136,356
Foreign
number.. j 3 2,843
U. S. Steel Corp. common stock:
Domestic
number.. 3 91,593
Foreign
number..
«1,851
3
Shares held by brokers
per cent of total..
23.34
American Telephone & Telegraph Co.:
j
1 >omestic
n u m b e r . . | 3 260,446
Foreign
number.. j *2,603
3

Quarter ending June 30.

68690°—23




4

20. 83

3 378
3 215

430
222

•190
250

50
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
INDEX NUMBERS.

NUMERICAL DATA.
NOTE.—-Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

Corre-

In many cases October figures are
now available and may be found in the
special table on page 23; or in the detailed tables for each subject, pp> 54 to
208.

sponding
month,
August
or September,

August,
1923.

September,
1923.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

Percentage
increase:
or decrease

1922

or decrease

or
PTTPTDT)
JTHdiXlKJD m

Aug. Sept. June, July. Aug. Sept.

from

1922.

age
increase

1923

BASE
YEAR

l f
1923

1QOO

Per-

cent-

1922.

tcmber
from
August.

BANKING AND FINANCE—Continued.
Gold and Silver.
Gold:
Domestic receipts at mint fine ounces..
Rand output
thous of ounces
Imports
thous. of dolls..
Exports
thous. of dolls..
Silver:
Production
thous. of fine oz..
Imports
thous. of dolls..
Exports
.
thous. of dolls
Price at New York
dolls, per fine oz..
Price at London.. .pence per standard oz..

99,880
769,371
32,856
2,201

106,819
739,504
27,804
1,024

89,561
747,089
1
24,464

5,293
6,466
7,032
.628
30.952

4,988
8,532
8,123
.642
31.698

5,325
*6,370
3,735
.695
35.305

..dolls, per £ sterling
dolls. per franc
dolls. per lire
dolls, per franc
dolls, per guilder .
dolls, per krone
dolls, per franc

4.56
.057
.043
.046
.393
.266
.181

4.54
.059
.044
.049
.393
.265
.179

-dolls, per yen
dolls, per rupee..

.489
.315

dolls, per Can. doll..
dolls, per gold peso..
dolls, per milreis..
dolls, per paper peso..

18

47
103
366
7

63
103
526
7

67
105
619
29

72
101
524
13

100
165
74
116
127

96
*213
71
116
128

92
215
68
109
115

97
337
119
106
112

95
216
134
105
112

90 - 5 . 8
285 + 31.9
155 + 15.6
107 + 0.4
115 + 2.4

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

92
41
23

95
33
24

39
97
98
99

91
40
22
37
97
99
97

94
31
22
25
98
•99

94
30
22
24
98

.481
.287

1913
1913

96
60

96
59

.977
.749
.097
.124

1.000
.811
.125
.137

1913
1913
1913
1913

100
85
41
70

84,505
11,030
13,777
5,646
24,721

85,375
10,542
13,745
5,820
26,133

81,677
11,146
10 683
4,395
31,846

683,038
101,288
83,396
40,934
246,630

865,214
108,029
118,489
63,531
314,498

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

69,396
35,794

66,572
33,115

53,194
28,081

604,653
245,559

775,037 + 28.2
304,401 + 24.0

29,157
6,017

27,830
3,993

27,605
8,405

241,258
59,121

357,892
101,200

88,382

71,014
26,366
2,854
253,645

64,402

31,892
3,944
275,382

26,870
2,615
229,493

610,134
239,718
44,017
2,182,048

93,994

77,560

86,818

21,058

26,468

33,010

33,324 j

728,865
4,694,763

719,768 1.2
6,779,730 + 44.4
221,521 + 5.2
26,038 + 98.1

1913
1913
1913
1913

70
103
360
12

60
102

+ 24.5
+ 1.1
+ 1.4

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

4.43
.077
.043
.072
.388
.265
.188

.486
.306

.977
.745
.098
.122

1,399

209,556
13,144
40,387
53,164
46,026

50,268
53,757
46,648

+

8.0

— 3.9
- 15.4
- 53.5

FOREIGN EXCHANGE BATES.
Europe:
England..
..
France
Italy
Belgium
Netherlands
Sweden
Switzerland ..
Asia:
Japan .
.
India
Americas:
Canada
Argentina
Brazil
Chile

28
98
99
93

93
31
23
25
98

-

Q7

-

0.4

+ 3.6
+ 2.4
+ 6.6

91

99
94

0.0
0.4
99 93 i 1 . 1

98
64

98
64

97
63

y/
63

100
84
39
70

98
83
32
69

97
81

98
77
30
63

98
78
30
61

117
116
70
90
139

113
96
70
95
141

124
92
79
152
141

115
85
86
124
124

117
95
90

us! + 1.0

122
109

91 | 90 126 1+
115 +

3.1
5.7

1913
1913

243
272

164
237

276
298

238
304

214
302

205 !—
280 -

7.5

+ 48.3
+ 71.2

1913
1913

166
372

167
394

221
590

195
501

176
282

168
187

- 4.6
- 33. G

835,806
260,748
71,541
2,905,587

+ 37.0
+ 8.8
+ 62.5'
+ 33.2 ;

1913
1913
1913
1913

329
465
194
188

244
326
95
154

376
292
280
214

344
365
207
192

335
387
199
184

270
320
144
170

- 19.7
- 17.3
- 27.6
- 7.9

783,835

1,095,384

+ 39.7

1913

21=9

172

234

212

186

154

- 17.5

18,729

230,581

253,126

+

1913

127

102

134

129

114

144

+ 25.7

24,023

299,225

418,633

+ 39.9 i

1913

257

145

323

228

200

202

+

65

2.6
2.8
0.0

+ 0.5

1

-

1.0

+ 1.7

U. S. FOREIGN TRADE.
Imports by Grand Divisions. 1
Europe:
Total
thous* of dolls
France
thous. of dolls..
Germany
. thous. of dolls
Italy
thous. of dolls.'.
United Kingdom
thous. of dolls..
North America:
Total
thous. of dolls..
Canada
thous. of dolls..
South America:
Total
thous. of dolls..
Argentina
thous. of dolls..
Asia and Oceania:
Total
thous. of dolls..
Japan
thous. of dolls..
Africa, total
thous. of dolls..
Grand total
thous. of dolls
By classes of commodities:
Crude materials tor use in
manufacturing
thous. of dolls..
Foodstuffs in crude condition
and food animals
thous. of dolls .
Foodstuffs partly or wholly
manufactured
thous. of dolls..

1
+
+
+
+
+

26.7
6.7
42.1
55.2 ;
27.5

9.8

;

» Figures for September, 1922, cover first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect: remaining 9 days included with October.




4.4
0.2

4.1

1.0

51
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
NUMERICAL DATA.
NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.
In many cases October figures are
now auailable and may be found in the
special table on page 23; or in the detailed tables for each subject, pp. 54 to
208.

August,
1923.

September,
1928.

Corresponding
month,
August
or September,

INDEX NUMBERS.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL
THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

1922

1923

1922.

Percentage
increase!

1922

(+)

or decrease
(-)
cumulative
1923
from
1922.

BASE
YEAR

or

PERIOD.

Percentage
increase

1923

(+)

or decrease
(-)
September
A u g . Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept. from
August.

U. S. FOREIGN TRADE—Continued.
Imports by Grand Divisions—Continued.1
By classes of commodities—Continued.
Manufactures for farther use
in manufacturing
thous of dolls
Manufactures ready for
consumption
thous. of dolls..
Miscellaneous
thous. of dolls..

58,133

49,192

41,766

369,619

558,161

+ 51.0 !

1913

171

145

220

198

205

173

— 15.4

67,518
1,668

62,940
4,161

54,036
4,121

484,975
13,873

568,083
12,192

+ i7.i ;
- 12.1

1913
1913

162
158

157
334

179
34

181
27

196
135

183
337

- 6.8
+149.5

311,352

380,712

313,197

2,736,733

2,940,941

+

7.5

1913

146

151

155

146

150

184

+ 22.3

136,763
18,537
23,260
8,929
53,001

201,989
25,082
31, 541
15,752
90,002

164,786
22,025
21,716
12,674
71,062

1, 474,880
179,760
234,950
97,722
601,806

1,415,043
180,273
223.536
110,252
568,825

-

4.1

+ 0.3
- 4.9
+ 12.8
- 5.5

1913
1913
1913
1913
1913

124
144
90
199
112

132
172
74
193
144

112
154
65
199
112

102
129
85
140
91

109
145
79
139
108

162 + 47.7
196 + 35.3
108 + 35.6
240 + 76.4
183 + 69.8

99,424
60,648

97,954
60,227

83,893
55,369

654,414
409,404

832,892 + 27.3
509, 815 + 24.5

1913
1913

171
168

167
165

199
186

192
177

198
181

196 165 -

24,431
11,794

21,544
8,474

20,624
8,991

161, 547
68,340

204,780
88,626

+ 26.8
+ 29.7

1913
1913

154
154

169
196

202
242

193
210

200
257

176 — 11.8
185 - 28.1

45,912
13,169
4,822

54,459
21,544
4,767

38, 845
12, 560
5,019

403,710
155,128
42,194

442, 424
163,423
46,297

+
+
+

9.6
5.3
9.7

1913
1913
1913

218
204
197

224
241
209

292
326
219

291
350
231

265
253
200

314 + 18.6
414 + 63.6
198 — 1 . 1

304,939

374,191

307, 563

2,685,379

2, 882, 278 +

7.3

1913

145

151

153

145

149

183 + 22.7

65,319

131,500

66,611

590,219

709, 407

+ 20.2

1913

75

104

107

95

102

205 I+ 101.3

23,898

27,085

55,149

358,130

206,300

- 42.4

1913

434

391

151

138

169

192

42,666

45,640

43,229

438,822

422,789

-

1913

170

160

154

139

158

169 +

45,810

45,040

34,964

335,196

418,034

+ 24.7

I

1913

108

108

149

149

139

136

127,061
186

124,213
513

107,253
357

958,317
4,657

1,121,226
4,322

+ 17.0
- 7.2 \

1913
1913

161
60

164
53

202
43

199
28

195
28

191 2.2
76 + 175.8

sterling
sterling..
sterling..
sterling..

88,743
44,070
22,338
21,774

83,266
38,150
23,579
20, 874

76,944
35,555
21,848
19,244

728,804
346,732
209,110
170,770

787,588
372,162
221,999
189, 502

+ 8.1
+7.3
+6.2
+ 11.0

1913
1913
1913
1913

129
156
103
126

120
147
93
119

139
182
101
131

120
146
89
126

139
182
95
135

130
158
100
129

—6.2
-13.4
+5.6

starling..
sterling..
sterling
sterling..

60,103
3,428
10,223
45,446

65,836
4,010
9, S21
48,937

62,511
3,154
10,099
48,361

534,724
27,050
73,210
425,523

568,123
29,784
98, 547
428,768

+6.2
+ 10.1
+34.6
+ 0.8

1913
1913
1913
1913

137
114
153
138

143
116

144
145
173 i 198
!
136
141

136
115
186
130

137
126
176
133

150
148
169
143

+9.5
+ 1.7.0

sterling..
sterling..
sterling..
sterling..

6,129
1,232
3,337
1,559

8,110
2,121
3,798

6,381
1,399
3,103
1,869

77,874
17,319
40,400
20,008

86,903
15, 792
51, 747

+ 11.6
-9.0
+28.1
—3.5

1913
1913
1913
1913

82
97
77
86

70 ! 120
105 | 175

96
129
87
100

67
93
63
64

89
160
71
89

+32.3
+72.2
+ 13.8
+40.0

Exports by Grand Divisions.
Grand total, including
reexports
thous. of dolls
Europe:
Total
thous. of dolls
France
thous. of dolls
Germany
thous. of dolls .
Italy
thous. of dolls..
United Kingdom
thous of dolls
North America:
Total
thous. of dolls..
Canada
thous. of dolls..
South America:
Total
thous of dolls
Argentina
thous. of dolls..
Asia and Oceania:
Total
thous. of dolls..
Japan
.
. . . . thous. of dolls .
Africa, total
thous. of dolls..
By classes of commodities, total
domestic
thous. of dolls..
Crude materials for use in
manufacturing
thous. of dolls..
Foodstuffs in crude condition
and food animals
thous. of dolls..
Foodstuffs partly or wholly
manufactured
thous. of dolls..
Manufactures for further use
in manufacturing
thous. of dolls..
Manufactures ready for
consumption
thous. of dolls..
Miscellaneous
thous. of dolls..

3.7

1.5
0.7

+ 13.3

-

7.0
1.7

TRADE AND INDUSTRY OF FOREIGN
COUNTRIES.
United Kingdom.
Imports (values):
Total
..thous. of £
Food, drink, tobacco, .thous. of £
Raw material
thous. of £
Manufactured articles.thous. of £
Exports (values):
Total
thous. of £
Food, drink,tobacco, .thous. of £
Raw material
thous. of £
Manufactured articles.thous. of £
Reexports (values):
Total
thous. of £
Food,drink,tobacco..thous. of £
Raw material
thous. of £
Manufactured articles.thous. of £




2,182 1

19,311

58
76

118
95

. days only, during which period the old tariff was in effect, remaining 9 days Included with October.

-4.1

—3.9

+7.7

52
TREND OF BUSINESS MOVEMENTS—Continued.
INDEX NUMBERS.

NUMERICAL DATA.
NOTE.—Detailed tables covering all items are
given in this number. Consult index at end
of bulletin.

CUMULATIVE TOTAL

In many cases October figures are
now available and may be found in the August,
1923.
special table on page 23; or in the detailed tables for each subject; pp. 54 to
208.

September,
1923.

1922

THROUGH
LATEST MONTH.

Corresponding
month,
August
or September,
1922.

or decrease

1922

BASE
YEAR

or decrease

or
1922

lative
1923
from
1922.

1923

PERIOD.

Aug. Sept. June. July. Aug. Sept.

SepMember
from
August.

!
|

TRADE AND INDUSTRY OF FOREIGN
COUNTRIES—Continued.
United Kingdom—Continued.
Exports of key commodities (quantities):
Cotton piece goods
thous. of sq. yds
Woolen and
worsted tissues
thous. of sq. y d s . .
Iron and steel
thous. of long tons..
Coal
thous. of long tons..
Production:
Pig iron
thous. of long tons..
Steel ingots
thous. of long tons..
Coal
thous. of metric tons
Stocks zinc
short tons
Employment: Trade-unions...p. ct. emploj^ed.

Percentage
increase

Percentage!
increase!

i

330,485

345, 828

396,368

3,071,569

3,102,184

19,122

18,207

13, 834

324

335

279

6,580

6,316

7,083

138,368
2,343
45,477

159,630
3,186
59,507

3,390
4,112
182,090

5,618
6,374
209,880

+ 1.0

1920

102

107 I

81

86

89

93

+4.6

+ 15.4

1920
1913
1913

80

62

80

93

86

65

67

88

74

78

82
81

+3.4

116 1 10S

111

108

103

-4.0

+36.0
+30.9 j

100

-4.8

|
000
583

559

430

695

556

21,756
1,128
88.6

22,524

22,211
4,108
85.4

12,230
1,927

13,172

S89

88.7

+65.7 j

+55.0
+ 15.3

1913
1913
1913
6 1920
1913

48

50 j

82

87

89
17

81

77

70

65

-6.8

98
90

91
89

109

91

120
99

93

+19.2
+3.5

16

7

5

4

3

-21.2

91

91

92

92

92

92

0.0

137

141

171

170

158

170

+7.7

89

90

103

98

101

74

79

96

83

83
92

90

74

89

101

-9.5
-15.5

Belgium.
Production:
Zinc
Coal
Pig iron f
Steel incots t

short
thous of metric
.thous. of metric
.thous. of metric

tons
tons
tons
tons

864

71,351
68,758

60,318
72,934

549,064
550,408

689,605
663,099

+25.6
+20.5

1913
1913

3,545
22,335
5,300

7,825
19,230
9,233

19,240
74,969
75,761

21,761
70,195
92,171

+13.1
-6.4
+21.7

75

25

279

68

36

335

1,170

1,206

11,142

50,000
8,718
4,050

5,600
4,370

161,579
64,003
58,917

993

450

120

108

151

138

141

128

237

232

306

369

259

219

1913
1913
1913

75
133

445
149

135

78

78

202

103

110

151

160
136

173

138

50
265

+ 145.5
+ 116.1
+0.4
11,181

1913
1913
1913

33
69

30

118

98

111

89

41
156

110
169

85
165

121
162

78
151

-19.4
-35.2
-7.0

-31.2
+26.8
+43.0

1913
1913
1913

127
45
7

587 None. None. 1,131
48
11
36
90
15
171
66
70

+699.1
+350.0

159
182

95
130
149

97
103
102

685
724

111,240
81,167
84,261

145
4
60
50

+157.3
+8.1
63
-53.6

Jan.
94

106
105

100
176
185

88

92

188

125

107

110

161

156

160

152

8 169
8 166

107

118

124

152 | - 9 . 8
146
-12.1
148
+ 19.4

168

168

189

165

-13.0

156

151

121

138

259

554

428

234

140
208

-n.i

158

96

86

73

d 65,857
d 73,179

354,205
299,535

373,838
343,595

+5.5
+14.7

1920
1920
1920

d 49 271
d 7,275

183,012
64,198

209,139
84,236

+ 14.3
+31.2

1920
1920

162

120

110

126

94,444
92,210
14,083
79,558

799,373
798,661

940,911
926,829

+ 17.7
+16.0

146

140

144
94

136
112

697,928

839,223

+20.2

1919
1919
1919
1919

152

144

213

237

3,600
29,314

2,389
38,617
213,648

2,254
43,518
247,038

-5.7
+12.7
+15.6

1913
1913
1913

164

2,889
23,382

279
79

92

102,486
99,118
18,670
90,930

? Relative to nine months average, April to December, inclusive.




1920
1913
1913
1913

d 151

87,136
14,073

199
215

Canada.
Total trade:
78,826
Imports
..
. .
. thous. of dolls
81,330
Exports
.thous. of dolls..
Exports of key commodities (quantities):
1,378
Canned salmon
thous of pou nds
20,666
Cheese
thous. of pounds..
11,419
Wheat
thous. of bushs..
Production:
93
Pig iron
thous. of long tons..
105
Steel ingots
.thous. of long tons
1,258
Bank clearings
mills of dolls
Bond issues:
Govt. and provincial
thous. of dolls.. None.
1,091
Municipal
. thous. of dolls
900
Corporation
thous. of dolls..
Employment:
Per cent employed
index number
Applications
.numl>er .
73,033
Vacancies
.
number
74,440
PlacementsRegular
number..
57 481
7,221
Casual
m mil >er
Newsprint paper:
Production
short tons.. 8113,584
Shipments
short tons.. 8 112,818
15,631
S t o c k s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . s h o r t tons..
104,568
Exports
short tons
Business failures:
Firms
number..
209
3,250
Liabilities
thous. of dolls
Bulding contracts awarded
thous. of dolls..
27,489

+35.0
+6.0 1
+48.1
+67.6

117,665
14,911
1,382
1,448

10, 880
d 1,695 I

* Revised.

100

a August, 1922.

100

100

-14.9

WORLD PRODUCTION OF COTTON*
Peru.

United
States.

Mexico.

India.

Jim©.

World total.

August.

August.

November.

Brazil.

Egypt.

September. September.

Thousands of bales (478 pounds net).
1909-1913 average
1914..
^
1915
1916
1917

20,660
24,630
18,470
18,970
18,370

106
129
U3
127
125

13,033
16,136
11,192
11,500
11,302

193
108
95
108
135

8,584
4,354
8,128
8,759
3,393

322
387
282
381

1,337
989
1.O4K

345 i

1 »H

1918
1919
1920
1921
1922

IS, 580
19,925
20,940
15,391
18,600

142
155
164
Ul
137

12,041
11,421
13,440
7,954
9,762

203
199
188
147
U78

8,828
4,853
3,013
8,748
•4,348

339
384
451
305
553

999
1,155
1,251
902
1,015

10,245

1923, latest estimates
» if rom private sources.

1,453

1,204

» 1922 acreage 12,496,000 compared with 11,976,000 in 1921.

WOULD PRODUCTION OF WHEAT *

New crop Available.

W

Australia.

India.

United

I January.
J

World total-

Country.

January.

March.

July.

Spalll#

Italy

*

I August, j August.

' France, j Germany. Rumania* Canada.
August, j August. { August.

September.

Millions of bushels.
Normal consumption
(1900-1913)

64

3,677

1909-1913 average,
1914
1D15
1S16...
1917

3,586
4,199
•2,-609
'2,288

'2,804
i 2,748

1918.
1919.
1920.
1921.
1622..

»3,069

1023, latest estimates.
1
1
1

37

301

531

157
105
169
169
80

S6
103
25
179
Ifi2

351
312
377
323

690
891

224
ISO
217
158
191

115
76
46
146
129

370
280
378
250
365

189

100

636
637
921
966

815

782

236

381

221

34

116

130
116
139
152
143

183

81S

170

283

87
49
89
78

197
161
394
U63
234

U8
66
<«1
«79
«98

189
193
263
301
400

116

470

171

223

152
146
142

177

205

'110

140

135

136
129
139
145
125

183
170
141
194

226
«182
«237
<323
«243

152

225

290

3

«2

•86
*80
«83
•108
'70

5

4
Russia excluded. No accurate statistics are available.
New boundaries.
1
Excludes Alsace-Lorraine.
Former kingdom, Bessarabia and BuJcowina.
Excludes Dobruja.
* Data compiled by U. S. Department of AgnevUtme, BureftuofAfnicyttural JSc<m»mfe$, and corrected monthly^n accordance wtth.latest a.vaUableiaformaUon received
by that department or by Department of Commerce, Bureau of For dm and Domestic Commerce. Countries are placed In the order in which crops are harvested. United
States estimates as of November 1; other estimates revised to October 20.




54

SUMMARY OF PRODUCTION, STOCKS, AND UNFILLED ORDERS.
Table 1.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources*
[Base year in "bold-faced type.]
FEDERAL RESERVE
BOARD INDEXES.

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE INDEXES.
PRODUCTION.

YEAB AND MONTH.

Pro- U n duc- filled
tion, orders, 31 Stocks,
commod8
62
ities.8
com- commodi- modities.* ties.*

Min- Minerals.3 erals.3

Agri- Min- Manu- Basic
Crop Ani62
culfactur- commar- mal Forcom- Grand ture.' ing.' ing.' modities."
ket- prod- estry." Total. modi- total.'
ings.' ucts.5
ties.'

Rela- Rel. to
tive to 1909-13

Relative to 1920.

1919.

1909-13 monthly average.
1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average
1915 monthly average
1916 monthly average
1917 monthly average
1918 monthly average.
1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average.
1921 monthly average.
1922 monthly average.

Manufacturing.

Raw materials.

Relative to

Relative to 1919.

average.

1913.

100
100
88
97
115
116

110
102
111
127
134

111

135

93

100

114

100
130
108

108
140
116

126

97

1OO
47
62

85
82
93
88

41
41
47
58

121
118
117
109

130
127
125
117

95
99
121
68

May
June
July
August..

100
102
97
102

63
66
66
67

99
97
96
93

106
104
103
100

September.
October
November.
December..

100
108
108
103

72
72
71
75

114
115
117

January...
February.
March
April

114
101
116
109

85
93
101
95

May
June
July
August..

116
112
102
110

87

September.
October
November.
December..

101

58
54

100

1OO
114
93

100

100

100

94
112
113

95

102

106

112

99
103
108

92
95
115
62

102
96
78
55

96
88
103
107

90
86
99
102

93
93
74

85
82
94
89

84
82
97
93

78
71
57

80
95
96
104

72
84
83
90

86
76
80
116

120
114
106
101

122
128
116
125

95
91
90
107

101
103
98
102

107
112
103
110

106
123
124
125

126
140
133
127

113
126
121
118

166
195
160
141

99
112
113
119

118
118
117

133
153
136
128

101
108
108
104

119
111
119
103

133
114
135
129

123
110
125
120

115
73
74
61

113
95
114
111

107
96
120
120

115

101
102
101
106

154
160
164
172

140
144
148
155

55
54
54
113

127
119
128
110

135
133
124
136

112

153
166

138
151

144

108
121

125

98

109

100
101
81

100

100

100

90
95

100
116

100

100
105
81

91

102

1922.
January...
February.
March
April

90
95
117
59

87
80
91
85

87
91
95
86

83
75
80
107

68
71
65

98
99
95
105

92
94
95
94

105
114
113
108

129
154
138
121

100
119
120
125

101
108
109
100

100
107
116
116

90

115
102
116
110

119
110
128
123

107
73
78
70

132
117
134
127

109
100
113
107

121
120
125
124

97
95
98
121

117
112
102
111

132
123
112
119

70
66
82
113

137
135
135
140

112
108
101
109

128
122
121
120

131

102

110

124
151

120
137

104
114

114
118

1923.
111
103
103

77
68
60
104

1
Weighted average of 62 commodities with comparable monthlyfiguresfrom January, 1920, and representing about 36 per cent of the entire manufacturing industry
based on value added by manufacture; for details, see January, 1923, issue (No. 17) of Survey of Current Business.
2
3 Weighted average; for details, see May, 1923, issue (No. 21) of Survey of Current Business.
Weighted average of 9 commodities representing about 87 per cent of the total mineral production; for details, see May, 1922, issue (No. 9) and September, 1922, issuo
(No. 13) of Survey of Current Business.
* Weighted average of 26 commodities representing about 94 per cent of the total crop production; for details, see July, 1922, issue (No. 11) of Survey of Current Business,
5
Weighted average of 9 commodities representing about 99 per cent of marketed livestock and livestock products; for details, see June, 1922, issue (No. 10) of Survey
© Current Business.
f 6
Weighted average of 13 commodities representing about 80 per cent of forest products marketed; for details, see August, 1922, issue (No. 12) of Survey of Current
Business.
?
8 Weighted average of above groups: for details, see September, 1922, issue (No. 13) of Survey of Current Business.
Weighted average of 70 commodities with comparable monthlyfiguresfrom November, 1921, and representing about 44 per cent of the entire manufacturing industry;
for details, see January, 1923, issue (No. 17) of Survey of Current Business.
» Weighted average of 14 commodities for agriculture, 7 for mining, and 34 for manufacturing; for details, see March, 1922, issue of Federal Reserve Bulletin,
w Weighted average of 22 commodities corrected for seasonal variations; for details, see December, 1922, issue of Federal Reserve Bulletin.




WOOL.
Table 2.—(A) INDEX KTTMBERS AKD (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.l
!

RECEIPTS AT
BOSTON.

Tot at

tie.

YEAR AND
MONTH.

IMPORTS
(unmanufacForeign. tured).

STOCKS'
RECEIPTS AT
CONBOSTON.
(in grease equivalent).
SUMPTION
(in
Held by
grease
Forequiva- Total. manu- Held by Total. Domes- eign.
tic
facdealers.6
lent).*
turers.
Relative!
to 1921. j

Relative to 1913.

Relative to last two
quarters of 1920.

Thousands of pounds.
B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 mo. av.
1914 mo. av.
1915 mo. av.
1916 mo. av.
1917 mo. av.

100
149
19X
196
225

100
118
112
127
130
|

100
228
391
371
468

18,761

100
171
272

36,683

277

42,215
41,956

1918 mo. av.l

113

506

299

1919 mo. av.l

213

132

419

294

i

122

65

266

171

152

89

315

211

1OO

118

383

248

124

1920 mo. av.j
1921 mo. av.j

193 !

39,918

7 96

3 1OO

>1OO

22,890

• 135

J1OO

<83

28,590
36,147

'158

12,012
20,660
19,583
24,705

15,275
17,825
8,809
11,977
15,909

35,801

296

13,483
15,894
15,142
17,100
17,510

27,906

224 j

STOCKS»

CONIM(in grease equivalent).
PORTS SUMPTION
(un(in
manu- grease
Held by
Held by
facequiva- Total. manu- dealers.5
tured). lent).1
facturers.

26,682
22,093
14,030
16,613
20,238

5,278

12 651
21,680
34,393
37,432
35,083
37,811
37,158 j
21,635 i

529,174 •183,917 * 845,258

26,717 | 44,125

<533,473

•247,412 «286,061 |

31,328

'507,723

'291,318 '216,405 !

54,510

I

1922mo. av.l

1921.
September..
October
November..
December..

91
72
84
102

January...
February..
March
April

143

May
June
July
August

218

..,

September.,
October....
November.,
December.
1923.
January
February..
March
April
May
June
July
August
September.,
October
November..
December..

135
213
182

195
380
227
114
109
168
227

244
250
314
286
285
237
180
113
74
40

109
81
81
112

48
.0
5
90
78

103
99
81
72

247
224
5,50
465
460
140
583
395

261
134
265
272

64
64
71
58

241
225
412
659

6 220
200
214
362

50
44
69
60

740
775
1,046
862

445
451
504
609

79
164
193
131

811
422
147
65

373
238
106
81

60

62
76

49,824 604,372 j 252,103
53,589 j
53,403 !
49,441 i

26,888 ! 13,825
25,246 i 13,407
39,946 j 10,899
34,194
9,655

13,061
11,839
29,047
24,539

22,152
27,834
43,071
38,988

52,280 !
53,774 I
60,368 |
42,574

130

40,972
36,656
71,307
42,635

24,255
7,378
30,791
20,825

32,956
16,940
33,484
34,472

52,533
52,621
46,902
57,340

124

21,304

8,594

20,530

8,637

31,446

9,715

42,643

7,855

27,892
25,201
27,084
45,817

54,771
59,282
63,313
58,367

144

45,789

6,723

131

46,875

5,990

39,066
40,885
55,200
45,477

50,313
57,111
63,706
77,047

63,348
57,916
62,859
56,411

42,797
22,259
7,762
3,445

47,173 59,682
30,129 52,649 531,698 I 263,113
13,422 I 46,347
10,289 48,233 '

137

73

308

124
217
300
162

4,092

14,592
9,086
10,946
12,520

77
32

113 I

72
87
99

175
220

I

95

121 i
121 j
112 i

118
122
137

119
119

91

151

58

106

99

160

67

134
143
132

164

157

14,740
10,885
10,965
15,091

16,717
29,278
40,516
21,809

143

78

105
109

90

122

73

8,109
10, 586

44,403

22,144
26,081

21,MS

100

9,337

33,843

135

64,537

53,383

62

128

106

i
j
j
I

53,586

142

in

17,028
13,536
15,696
19,183

17,680

13,907

10,434

7,511

4,335

2,288
2,651
4,731

12,710
11,893
21,731
34,788

3,473
3,176

6

7,883

46,616 |

479,151 i 277,

252,269

201,225

525,174

293,867 231,307

518,844

302,160 216,683

501,341

288,200 213,141

474,748

223,883

268,586

250,865

9,566

|
1

Receipts of wool at Boston compiled by Boston Chamber of Commerce; Imports from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce;consumption and quarterly stocks from U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics, until April, 1922, beginning with April, 1922, compiled by V. 5.
Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, in cooperation with V. S. Department ©/ Agriculture, Bureau of A gricultural Economics.
2
These figures have been revised to include only comparable reports each month and thus do not contain tb*figuresfor th* American Woolen Corapaay aad a few
small firms, for which estimates had been made in previous compilations. Stocks iaclnde wool, tops, and noils.
8
Average of the last two quarters of 1920.
* Average of the first three quarters of 1921.
* Includes U. S. Government stocks.
* Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in efteet; renftfening 9 days included with October.
»Average of the last three quarters of 1922.




56

COTTON.
Table 3.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Baaed on data from Government sources.2
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

Production
YEAR AND MONTH.

5S?

Ginnings.6

Receipts
into
sight.

Imports.

Exports.

mate).*
Relative to 190&-1913
average.
1909-1913 monthly average.
1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average
1915 monthly average
1916 monthly average
1917 monthly average
1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly
1922 monthly

100
109
124

STOCKS, END OF MONTH.
ConElsesumpTotal
Stocks World
tion. domestic
WareMills. houses. where
un- 7 visible.s
(com- 6
ginned.
puted). ginned.
Relative
to 1914.

Relative to 1913.

Relative t o 1914.

Relative
to 1913.

1OO

2 101
166
158
114

2 100
2 105
96
81
55

100
97
97
111
117

92
144
246
114
162

47
75
71
74
72

113
100
111
85
102

45

70
55
51
52

48
17
28

66
68
82
58

226
346
92
22

98
168
147
127

31
154
253
300

3
6

average.
average.
average.
average.
average.

Relative to 1913.

76
40
45
37

123

87

87

92
88
103
61
76

92
88
103
62
75

1OO
86
104
99
80
77
87
78

100
11
7
11
6
11
4

100
97
99

100

100

100

100

100

177

248

123

144

127

182

166

77

112
89

105

140

153

116

69

139

111

153

146

83

91

177

108

192

234

86

116
131

155

119

174

164

95

205

88

255

263

112

148

122

118

150

78

45

104

91
96
85
97

205
182
158
149

95
89
83
75

269
244
211
197

231
192
161
159

281

216
144
133
120

73
120
93

101
103
109
106

184
242
240
219

S3
104
123
129

245
283
301
296

205
343
279
200

190
50
13
4

127
146
149
149

207
270
295
74

65
47

109
98
108
92

197
181
159
134

124
118
116
109

239
213
182

51
42
33
45

71
62
42
72

65
68
51
38

103
106
95
109

112

70

106
99
91
76

116
194
179
126

»25
132
244
338

51
110
118
84

102
111
120
110

125
198
194
176

72

25

518
327
262
184

65
49
44
36

127
118
129
120

31
23
24
45

116
66
31
17

22

124

33

86

1931.
May
June—
July
August.,

65
63

September..
October....
November.
December..

54
50
50
64

1932.
January...
February.
March
April
May
June....
July
August.

85
87

September..
October
November.
December..

81
78
78
75

75
284

110
26

175
157
118

140
126
116
110

145
111
85
87

60
34
12
33

97
83
92
334

79
103
128
142

183
243
238
231

83
238
199
122

219
60
15
5

155
137
117

148
150
151
140

198
159
135
112

87
79
39
22

82
65
51
61

121
100
81

34

129
112
96
102

90
70
53
67

14
9
6
49

342

30

95
108

100
112

83
128

57
82

122

49
67

263
101

52
90

72
118
125
123

1933.
January...
February.
March
April
May
June
July....
August.
September.
October..,.
November.
December.

34
38

88
88
83
85
79

105
195
401

37

:JO
24

75
59
46
36
28

See footnotes on opposite page also.
1
Except receipts into sight, compiled by New Orleans Cotton Exchange, and world visible supply of American cotton, compiled by Commercial and Financial Chronicle
Production estimates from U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics; imports and exports from U. S. Department of Commerce, -Bureau of Foreign
and Domestic Commerce; consumption and domestic stocks from U. S. Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census. Linters are not included in the statistics in this table,
except in the exports. It should be noted that the monthly averages of stocks (except visible supply) and consumption are based on the crop year ending July 31 of
the year stated, while for ginnings the average is for the crop grown in the year stated. Other averages are based on the calendar years.
* These figures are for fiscal years ending June 30 of the year given; those following are for calendar years.
• AU bales are running bales counting round as half bales, except for imports which are given in equivalent 500-pound bains.




57

COTTON.
Table 4.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year In bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

STOCKS, END OF MONTH.
Production

Ginnings.*

(crop estimate).4

YEAR AND MONTH.

Consumption.

Receipts

into sight. Imports, Exports.

Total
domestic
ginned.

Mills.

Ware- | Elsewhere Stocks
(comunhouses.
puted).*
ginned.7

World
visible.*

Bales.*
1909-13 mo.av....i 18,033,235

1,077,758

16,134,930

1915 mo. av

11,191,820.

1916 mo. av

11,499,930 j
11,302,375 |

1918 mo. av
1919mo.av
1920mo.av
1921 mo. av
1922 mo. av

1,761,029
1,766,241
3,116,900
3,197,001
2,690,708

1,058,283
2,611,238
1,748,565
1,218,872

2,666,879

3,256,082

3,275,139

4,448,002

2,047,505

3,470,325

1,841,476

2,756,811

5,724,746
7,301,170
6,374,867
8,437,245
5,049,330

1,500,619
1,454,170
1,595,339
1,181,390
1,592,555

2,689,271
3,382,971
3,056,972
4,484,135
2,640,300

1,534,856
2,463,863
1,722,556
2,771,712
816,475

2,204,884

2,826,666

2,287,925

3,601,306

2,542,491

4,063,364

2,983,776

4,588,529

509,526

547,207
480,495
534,978
407,723
492,485

1,198,281

3,230,285

440,714
461,917
410,142
467,059

8,458,753
7,526,072
6,534,360
6,146,788

1,280,723
1,203,364
1,111,147
1,006,066

4,738,267
4,300,386
3,723,213
3,463,964

2,437,763
2,022,322
1,700,000
1,676,758

18,781
29,226
49,999
23,137
30,953

342,696

1,035,730 \

992,207
930,820 j
943,794 1,050,988 I
940,762 j
j 13,439,603; 1,105,914
664,815 j 1,036,637 I
j 7,958,641 i
810,754 | 984,931
9,964,000
12,040,532 j

|

1,846,275
1,305,575
1,326,773
1,704,731
1,890,108

"763,775

1,325,487

1917 mo. av

4,125,050
7,054,911
6,650,295
5,799,680

«727,048

'20,558
922,348 ; 1,256,604 |
33,798
32,064
946,993 1,186,402
937,354
959,945
23,103

14,156,

1914 mo. av

482,194
468,840
466,447
533,134
565,709

«20,809

1,203,092

1913 mo. av

11,42^,763,

696,583
585,810
401,570

546,432
513,261
540,435

8,094,882

1921.
May
June
July
August

j
|
I

8,433,000
8,203,000

485,787

7,037,000
6,537,000
6,537,000
7,953,641

September.
October....
November.
December..

2,434,605
3,725,962
993,607
242,395

1922.
January
February...
March
April

30,096
65,326

845,725
659,900
607,788
620,214

10,542

5,631

477,389
495,590
598,962
423,491

1,179,916
2,016,263
1,763,850
1,526,858

6,362
31,269
51,440
61,006

532,839
874,510
648,695
639,825

484,718
494,317
527,940
510,925

7,593,912
9,995,040
9,886,499
9,047,675

1,118,045
1,398,138
1,655,359
1,738,138

4,312,135
4,984,831
5,292,941
5,206,663

914,329
478,213
536,624
443,759

42,093
54,761
59,957
15,115

475,910
338,440
461,484
598,209

526,698
472,336
519,761
443,509

8,137,761
7,464,656
6,556,720
5,546,080

1,668,668
1,595,242
1,557,023
1,461,340

469,397
491,079
373,242
273,308

495,337
509,218
458,002
526,380

4,611,822
3,640,993
2,831,553
2,903,225

368,390
798,664
858,337
607,853

494,013
533,744
579,190
529,342

473,436
359,657
318,210
262,753

9,849
3,452

2,163,732
3,612,071
2,938,199
2,102,874

5,057,386

3,944,690

4,621,708
4,214,862
3,752,258
3,213,483

1,847,385
1,654,552
1,247,439
871,257

1,42=9,428
1,330,903
1,218,388
1,024,874

2,559,451
1,953,478
1,488,165
1,530,141

631,943
356,612
125,000
348,210

5,156,222
8,171,605
8,013,750
7,272,260

1,065,816
1,381,945
1,724,488
1,917,231

3,217,939
4,287,119
4,197,955
4,069,470

610,306
566,805
624,264
576,314

6,293,108
5,654,046
4,826,569
4,073,165

1,988,115
2,020,900
2,033,837
1,878,198

160,368
214,851
171,469
244.415

620,854
542,026
462,654
491,604

3,365,411
2,670,079
2,092,521
2,503,082

6,608
689,435
7,615 I 781,722

483,852
541,825

3,432,559
5,298,578

11,400,000

806,189

September..
October
November..
December...

10,575,000
10,135,000
10,135,000
9,761,817

3,060,207
4,272,819
1,180,386
277,729

1,393,812 ! •5,012
2,331,478
26,815
49,551
2,155,597
68,547
1,510,011

June

j

July

I 11,065,000 j

1923.
January
February...
March
April

50,931
72,169
8,876

May
June
July....
August..

September.
October
November..
December..

11,412,000
11.516,000

1,135,880

10,788,000 2,100,094
11,015,000 4,318,613
10,218,000 !

I.
I

872,132
410,188
452,817
305,058

105,215

374,977
275,127
291,837
537,967

23,593

1,487,208

4,108,428
3,723,986

August

i

4,454,124
7,491,991

608,951
14,320
506,575
12,662
392,922 | 8,587
546,895 ! 14,67S

May

6,668,667

66,329
53,219
37,271

13,367
6,356
3,420

1,331,424

4,519,489

337,817

4,622,596

95,422

4,617,751

65,326

4,322,285
3,890,580
3,592,532
3,398,909
3,000,680
2,567,689
2,839,888

8,911,877

1,597,056

872,467
2,502,541
2,091,307
1,285,559

5,846,042

2,228,591

1,589,209

3,637,150

410,904

3,876,414

130,141

3,811,650

3,485,952
2,803,306
2,379,697
1,965,714

919,041
829,840
413,035
229,253

76, 447

3,359,121

1,634,167
1,347,468
1,093,618
806,671

1,580,219
1,227,184
938,903
1,179,204

151,025

1,432,114

95,427

1,108,674

517,207

773,173
1,102,583

2,147,830
3,485,839

511,556

7,012,026 |

1,597,605

710,156

2,703,413 I

2,784,991

2,733,781
2,335,003
1,812,705

865,392

60,000
9,112,120 j

913,940

I

See footnotes on opposite page also.
4
The yearly figures represent the latest revised estimates of total production for the year (not a monthly average). The monthly figures show the current estimates
of total production as reported each month.
:
> Figures for September include first 25 days of the month only; remaining 5 days are included with October. January figures cover the first 16 days of the month,
and 6February figures cover all ginnings of the crop made after Jan. 16.
Computed from figures on ginnings, imports, reexports, exports (excluding linters), consumption, and mill and warehouse stocks, and corrected at the end of each
crop7 year by reports to the Bureau of the Census.
Computed from total crop and ginnings to date. September figures are as of Sept. 25, January as of Jan. 16; otherwise as of last day of the month.
8
These figures represent world visible supply of American cotton.
»Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect; remaining 9 days included with October.




58
COTTON MANUFACTURES.
Table 5.—(A) INDEX KTJMBEES AHD (B) HTJMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
COTTON ,
CLOTH

Exports. 3

YEAR AND
MONTH.

Relative to

FINB
COTTON
GOODS.*
Production.

Sales.

Relative to
1919.

1913.

COTTON
CtOTH

KNIT UNDERWEAR.^

FINE

COTTON
GOODS.*

Unfilled
Exorders, ports."
tions. end of

Pro- New
duc- orders
retion. ceived.

Production.

mo.

Relative to Relative to 6 months' average,
July-Dec, 1920.
1920.

Thous.
of
yards.

1
j

117

122

124
132

'113
100
90
92
101

July
August

134

98

152

September
October
November
December

September..
October
November..
December..
1923.
January....
February...
March
April

100
26
81
81

100
. 86

<1OO

106

94

117

101

16*

101

120

174

103

70

144

98

43

114

108

117

84-

84

88

88

131

104

139

96

September..
October
November.,
December..

«100
20

778

'100
101
140

425

102

24

1*8

706

134

15

159

105

145

18

344

114

153

17

357

591

•100
219
357

Unfilled
orders,
end of
mo.

Dozens.

429,300
712,800

469,800
613,800

11,700
7,200

62,290
64,489
58,422
39,842

386,929
394,864
373,943
449,913

537,402
314,858
191,440
440,578

620,100 1,368,900
675,900 839,700
674,100 540,000
603,000 448,200

663,300
701,100
480,600
528,300

9,000 1,726,200
8,100 1,791,000
25,200 1,987,200
19,800 1,928,700

31,037
32,707
48,406
51,615

320.719
339,348
397.800
366,323

229,380
202,208
319,917
273,026

615,600 1,027,800
648,000 558,000
668,700 462,600
648,000 411,300

708,300
619,200
648,900
535,500

9,900
15,300
11,700
22,500

253
:U4

60, 448
62,850
60,238
50,008

378,974
404.202
375,044
410,8.r»8

347,368
518,068
93,964
322,396

667,800
649,800
540,000
619,200

336
464
455
502

51,302
50,985
45,934
41,367

414,782
372,996
411,527
435,785

574,439
666,787
393,453
391,480

579,600 657,900
681,300 1,212,300
666,900 1,015,200
549,000 1,143,900

780,300
603,000
629,100
546,300

11,700

38,893
36,751
48,885
44,741

401,786
399,024
497,511
423,201

5*6,440
383,818
440,066
215,503

635,400 1,167,300
620,400 501,300
688,500 558,900
674,100 367,200

850,500
837,000
865,800
654,300

22,500
9,900
10,800
11,700

36,335
35,066
30,288
38,556

491,660
458,605
378,326
430,072

180,914
265,859
222,122
441,491

758,700
734,400
630,900

442,800
378,900
468,900

738,900 i

666,900

644,400
666,900
702,900
891.900

15,300 1,036,800
16,200 1,748,700
18,000 1,908,900
40,500 l,8a8,.r>00

38,169
44,795

430,361
404,079

438,968
327,694

666,000 i,514,700
685,800 597,600

709,304)
654,300

10,800 2,040,600
20.710 2,324,700

52

396

40

384

51

104

1,018

154

20

400

46

110

553

135

31

386

72

113

458

141

24

306

61

110

407

117

46

320

290

78

113

807

109

116

110

695

130

163

98

21

91

777

155

35
20

135

107

72

105

630

179

39

652

170

24

115

1,201

131

18

49,900 0 502,850
9,900 1,102,350 |
13,950 1,795,550 ,

520,200
599,400

115

99

434,188 7 264,810
883,528 446,677
346,238 116,693 591,450 «100,950 '459,000
354,274
3G1,714 507,300
596,175
461,775
385,772 301,091 627,825 i 785,475 i 641,925

306,589
521,458

105

105

7

374,653
359,703

444

163

45,348
56,920
68,311
45,969
48,913

49,068
56,381

102

170

262

138

108

12©

138

97

140

124

107

113

1,006

137

29

112

114

93

1,133

119

17

105

105

125

107

1,157

99

104

86

106

497

182

20

511

132

130

99

116

554

180

22

482

121

110

48

114

364

143

23

430

98

128

41

128

439

140

31

386

95

120

60

124

875

145

32

348

82

99

50

107

464

158

36

380

104

112

100

125

601

194

103

112

98

113

154

22

527

116

78

116

1,6*0
592

143

41

463

May....
June....
July....
August.

Cancellations.

63,719

19Wmo.av....
1919 mo. av
1920 mo. a v . . . .
1921 mo. a v . . . .
1922 mo. a v . . . .

May....
Juno....,
July
August.

Shipments.

51,687

1016-mo. ay.... | 130
1017 mo. av
172

January
February
March
April

Orders
received.

87,062
* 34,572
43,195

*93

1915 m o . ar

Production.

B.-NUMERICAL DATA.

«1OO

1914 m o . av

Sales.

Number of

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1»13mo.*•.».-.

KNIT UNDERWEAR/

46

814;500 500,400
701,100 i 598,500
784,800 j 710,100
636,300 823,500

943,200
S01,000

2, O H , 500
1,940,400
1,535.400
| 1,606,500

18,900 1,316,400
17,100 1,458,005
9,900 1,269,900 j
18,900 1,^77,700 |
1,687,500
2,332,800
14,400 2,286,900
8,100 2,1523.600 |
i
9,000

2,950,200
2,567,700
2,168,100
2,161,800

j
i
j
:

i

i Except exports of cotton cloth from the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestk C&mmerce. The figures for knit underwear are secured from
the Associated Kntt Underwear Manufacturer H of America; those rotating to fine cotton goods from the Fine Cotton Goods Exchange.
a These figures are for fiscal y«ar* ending JUne 30 of the yours specified: others are for calendar years.
«Includes duck and other cloth, bleached, unbleached, and colored. Beginning with January, 1921, the figures are reported in square yards instead of linear yards,
Wtoich probably makes the figures slightly smaller than when given in linear yards.
« Reported bv 24 identical mills in the New Bedford district, representing about 50 per cent of the fine cotton goods industry in New England and-from 20 to 30 per
» Prorated from percentages of normal production, as reported by the association, i . .
Reports on production cover from 50 to 60 mills, while for other items tbe reports cyrtr 1
• Average for last six months of year.
• Average for last six months of
» Nine months' s w a g e , April to December,




59

MISCELLANEOUS TEXTILES.
Table 6.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
FIFALL RIVER
ELAS- BERS
MILL
(un- BURTIC
J
WEB- manu- LAP. DIVIDENDS <
(quarterly).
BING. factured.<

RAW SILK.

YEAR AND
MONTH.

Con- Stocks,
Imend of
ports.2 sump- month Sales.
tion.3

Imports.

Kelative to

Rel. to

1920.

1919.

Relative to
1909-1913
average.

Rel. to
1913.

RAW SILK.

ELASTIC
WEBBING.

Consumption.a

Sales.

Ratio
Imto
Total. capital- ports.
ization
Relative to
1913.

Thous.
of
pounds.

Stocks,
end of
month.

Thous.
of yards.

Bales.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.

FIBERS
(unmanufaetured).*

BURLAP.

Imports.

Long
tons.

FALL RIVER
MILL
DIVIDENDS «
(quarterly).

Ratio to
Total. capitalization.

Thous. Thous. Per cent
per
ot
of
pounds. dollars. quarter

B.—NUMERICAL DATA-

1909-13 mo. av..
1913 mo. av
1914 mo. av
1915 mo. av
1916 mo. av

100
90
109
120

100
114
115
115
144

100
112
108
100
95

100
59
55
114

100
60
54
95

2,850
2,566
3,094
3,406

28,618
32,596
32,960
32,769
41,060

83,922
37,917
36,519
34,047
32,147

$519
306
285

1.820
1.084
.974
1.734

1917 mo. av..
1918mo. av..
1919 mo. av..
1920 mo. av..
1921 mo. av..
1922 mo. av..

127
142
162
116
154
169

3 100
151
172

100
42
63

116
111
95
118
71
80

120
107
109
140
117
133

203
291
235
486
150
147

183
252
201
411
112
110

3,619
4,060
4,627
3,308
4,377
4,825

17,830
26,941
30,635

51,312
21,315
32,350

12,620
11,593
13,778

33,318
31,886
27,274
33,817
20,416
22,815

40,653
36,366
36,890
47,398
39,514
45,185

1,054
1,512
1,221
2,521
779
762

3.338
4.594
3.651
7.486
2.031
1.997

191
134
166
237

175
150
140
117

45
38
38

41
37
39

93

143

105

95

23,036
19,304
19,601
24,804

13,778
14,418
12,830
12,567

11,760
10,713
11,126
25,110

31,409
30,233
50,064
43,462

1.915

130

31,229
26,816
24,9.55
20,930

742

148
128

5,445
3,808
4,729
6,746

673

1.738

January
February...
March
April

161
133
120
108

190
124
149
140

61
56
43
38

79
80
84
76

51
65
97
53

111
92
122
110

4,593
3,801
3,406
3,087

33,842
22,107
26,651
24,247

31,139
22,077
19,268

11,605
11,835
12,307
11,147

14,612
18,462
27,874
15,212

37,781
31,345
41,240
37,200

1,097

2.932

May....
June
July....
August.

164
178
144
210

187
166
140
195

41
52
54
63

87
111
95
119

77
83
58
72

165
214
108
76

4,662
5,077
4,102
5,982

33,284
29,529
24,996
34,772

20,826
26,895
27,474
32,515

12,758
16,334
13,915
17,561

22,120
23,648
16,500
20,542

56,007
72,503
36,575
25,747

650

1.685

6 148
275
200
190

192
210
199
174

72
89
92

*118
150
162
111

« 4,230
7,826
5,702
5,428

34,212
37,471
35,467
31,042

36,795
45,893
47,159
49,174

14,753
14,147
14,716
14,260

6 22,145
29,065
26,553
37,045

«40,100
51,038
55,067
37,613

647

1.678

100
97

§77
102
93
129

654

1.694

January..
February.
March
April

197
180
216
146

195
203
188
214

92
87
77
56

100
93
117
110

165
92
106
104

180
141
163
156

5,603
5,133
6,154
4,170

34,680
36,231
33,515
38,193

47,087
44,615
39,436
28,657

14,673
13,713
17,223
16,181

47,106
26,367
30,213
29,752

61,013
47,914
55,231
52,825

707

1.691

May....
June
July....
August.

172
138
224
170

137
156
160
188

58
50
45
50

111
103
75
81

99
63
70
64

171
144
130
119

4,904
3,945
6,380
4,858

24,509
27,824
28,573
33,547

29,962
25,865
22,914
25,459

16,286
15,101
10,999
11,964

28,392
18,149
20,055
18,424

58.135
48,938
43,950
40,499

741

1.721

September..
October
November..
December..

159
184

151
145

53
64

70

49
67

133
137

4,520 | 26,929
5,240 j 25,917

27,367
32,679

10,358
11,259

14,144
19,310

45.136
46,499

678

1.575

1,401

3.257

100
79

14,707

1921.
September..
October
November..
December..

92
87
85

1922.

September..
October
November..
December..

211

161

125

93

125

126

93

1923.

77

136

143

95

131

87

270

179

1
Imports of total raw silk, unmanufactured fibers and burlap are from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce; COD sumption and
stocks at warehouses of raw silk arc from the Silk Association of America; sales of elastic webbing are from the Webbing Manufacturers Exchange; Fa]] River mill dividends
from G. M. Haffards & Co.
2
Total unmanufactured silk, including raw silk, cocoons, and waste.
a Consumption figures represent withdrawals from warehouses. Note that February to December, 1920, inclusive, is used as the base period.
4
Includes flax, hemp, istlc, jute, kapok, manila, New Zealand flax, sisal, etc.
6
Covers first 21 days only, during winch period the old tariff law was in effect; remaining 9 days included with October.
• Dividends for quarter ending in month given. Yearly figures are quarterly averages.




ACTIVE TEXTILE MACHINERY.
Table 7.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]

WOOL.*

MONTH;

Woolen Worsted
spindles. spindles.

Wide
looms.

Woolen Worsted
spindles.1 spindles.

Narrow
looms.

Relative to 1913.
A.-INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 monthly average..
1914 monthly average..
1915 monthly average..
1916 monthly average..
1917 monthly average..

«100
101
110
116
121

«1OO
104
100
122
115

•100
99
95
116
116

«1OO
105
96
126
121

1918 monthly average..
191S monthly average..
1920 monthly average.
1921 monthly average..
1922 monthly average..
1923 monthly average.

118
105
88
94
108

108
104
100
114
T05

119
105
SC
96
93

118
104
96
97
100

May....
June...
July....
August.

103

122

108

103

104

122

109

103

IOT;

118

108

104

101

124

105

99

September.
October....
November..
December..

101

123

103

104

104

124

104

103

101

122

99

107

97

118

95

108

33,624
33,429
34,458
32,660
33,076
34,60*

1921.

95

116

100

104

116

100

106
108

January..
February.
March
April

101

99

84

88

j
I

May....
June. . .
July....
August.

112

85

92

86

109

92

86

108

September.
October
November..
December..

91

112

101

88

110

109

97

109

120

104

109

122

109

110

120

109

8
9
92
99
93

115
115
115
116

104
108
112
114

121
122
124
125

1923.
January.
Miniary
March.
April..
May...,.
June
July
August..
September..
October....
Novomljer..

110

122

109

118

124

113

123

112

118

125

117

127

116

118

128 i

117

127

118

116

1
»

117

127

118

116

128

113

122

114

115

129

112

123

111

114

126

109

115

104

111

125

108

112

104

110

124

!

I
1
1

Data from 77. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.
Formerly reported as of the first of the following month representing previous month's operations but now reported as of tlie month to which the figures apply, la
the proscmt table each figure shows the activity for the month to which it is credited.
« Th<» monthly averages are for cotton crop years (beginning Aug. 1 and ending July 31). Figures opposite any one year represent the monthly average number of active
cotton spindles for the period beginning Aug. 1 of the preceding year.
* Data for 1913 collected by the National Association of Wool Manufacturers.




61

HOURLY ACTIVITY IN TEXTILE MACHINERY.
Table 8.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
WOOL.*
Spinning
spindles.

]Looms

YEAR AND
MONTH.

WIDE.

NARROW.

CARPKT
AND
RUG.

©

EN.

STED.

1Q21 mo av 1 0 0
99
1922 mo. av..
1923 mo. av,.

1
1

1921.

j January

February...
Mnrch...

1OO
102

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

150

124

102

120

96

44

52

71

50

55

49

67

70

69

83

69

1OO

82

70

90

100

92

91

99

74

105

106

107

106

116

109

86

112

111

113

109

June
Julv
August

120

115

115

108

114

114

115

110

82

111

98

111

105

111

108

112

110

102

110

108

98

99

108

113

128

110

110

110

113

99

109

114

136

115

112

114

112

102

100
102

104

116

142

110

105

109

107

103

104

98

113

137

102

111

103

105

104

104

94

106

148

105

108

104

105

107

106

96

107

150

118

109

113

101

96

96

92

99
84

152

124

92

119

86

104

104

85

146

121

82

118

76

89

89

May
June

91

86

89

123

80

101

100

94

147
141

125

93

127

91

125

84

103

102

July

91

98

137

123

90

120

81

95

95

August

92

91

150

124

96

120

87

108

107

105
114

112

158

128

105

123

103

104

103

122

144

131

119

126

111

110

116

114

163

131

8

125

125

115
114

117

116

123

115

162

132

8

116'

126

120

111

109

3

September..
October
November..
December...
1923.
January
February...
March
April . .

WORSTED.

O

Millions
of hours. Hours.

Per cent of active hours to total reported.

68.8
68.4

63.9
65.3

51.3

71.5

76.9

88.8

89.1
90.8

126

131

168

133

116

127

116

124

123

116

116

160

133

105

132

113

112

81.9
78.6

71.9
86.4

7,446
8,490

202

91.40

228

101.8

200

86.1

202

93.7
94.4
98.3
93.0

36.5
36 1
35.7
38 0

35.7
49.4
64.2
75.0

49.0
73.8
88.7
94.6

35.5
49 5
65.9
77.1

44.7
62.1
74.3
86.5

80.1
82.5
79.2
76.7

69.9
73.7
70.6
69.0

44 1
47.1
42.1
57.4

80.2
82.1
79.4
78.9

98.6
95.9
87.4
91.2

81 4
81.8
80 0
78.8

89.6
93.4
85.7
88.5

7,320

74.2
75.1
71.3
67.1

72.5
73.0
74.3
72.2

65.5
69.9
72.7
70.3

79.0
82.0
78.8
72.9

97.6
99.5
93.8
98.6

79.1
81.7
78.1
74.4

92.2
91.9
87.4
86.2

7,379
7,583 •
7,689
7,726

64.8
65.9
63.1
58 4

68.0
68.1
63.5
53 4

76.1
76.9
78 2
74 8

75.4
84.4
88.4
86 2

96.3
97.2
82.3
72 7

74.6
81.6
85.9
84 8

86.1
82.7
70.8
62 1

7,932
7,120
7,779
6,636

62.4
63.8
62.8
63 6

55 2
59.9
62.5
58 3

75 5
72 1
70.4
76 8

89.7
91.0
88.2
88 8

79.2
81.2
80.4
85 5

88.6
89.9
86.0
86 2

65.3
68.5
66.1
71 4

7,493
7,646
7,045
8 033

72.4
78.6
80.0
84.5

71.3
77.7
72.7
73.3

80.9
74.0
83.7
83.3

91.3
93.8
93.7
94.4

93.2
106.4
111.4
103.8

88.1
90.6
89.7
90.5

84.0
94.0
93.7
98.6

7,761
8,289
8,710
8,228

209

86.7
79.7
92.9
89 5

83.7
74.3
85.7
83 7

86.3
81.9
87.1
82 5

95.1
95.0
3
103.9
3
127 3

« 103.0
93.3
3
117.2
3
119 8

91.6
94.6
98.6
3
102 0

95.4
95.8
3
102.1
3
109.5

9,266
8,449
9,531
8,787

249

84.4
83.0
73.8
63.8

85 7
85.0
74.1
79.9

3

3112.6
102.6
97.2
84.4

99.9
92.8
90.3
89.0

3

103.6
95.1
89.7
81.5

9/309
8,385
7,136
7,569

67.4

80.9

85.5

88.9

82.8

7,482
8,382

135

134

170

145

132

137

128

126

130

131

161

178

134

142

134

118

117

May
June
July
August

133

132

167

142

126

139

126

125

123

131

130

166

147

115

129

116

113

111

117

115

144

132

109

126

110

96

95

111

100

156

130

95

124

100

102

100

91.3
90.1
80.7
76.3

September..
October
November.
December...

113

105

158

131

96

124

101

100
113

99

77.6

110

Compiled by U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

Per
cent.

DATA.

33.3
42.9
52.7
63.2

117
125

1

WOOLEN.

Per
Total spin- Per
spindle dle in cent of
cahours. place. pacity.6

30.0
54.7
61.7
73.4

76

90

\pril

©

109

55

80

1OO
110

107

1922.
January
February...
March... .

i

B.—NUMERICAL

April

September..
October
November..
December...

NARROW.

Sets
of
cards.

CARPET
AND
RUG.

—INDEX NUMBERS.

May

•

WIDE.

Relative
to 1922.

Rel£itive to 1921.
A

Spin n i n g
spin dies.

Looms.

Total Per
s p i n - spindie dle in
WOR- liours. place.
WOOL-

Sets
of
cards.

COTTON.*

WOOL.

COTTON.*

101.4
105.4
94.2
93.2

3

94.0

3
3
3

3

207
210
210

215
193
211
180
203
207
191
217

223
234
221

227
255
236
249
224
191
202
200
223

97.0
93.8
89.8
83.8
88.1
91.6
87.3
92.1
93.9
99.2
106.2
101.2

107.5
109.6
108.3
109.3
107.7
98.7
87.3
85.7
93.2
95.4

3
Formerly reported as of the first of the following month representing previous month's operations but now reported as of the month to which thefiguresapply. In
the present table eachfigureshows the activity for the month to which it is credited.
3
Overtime was reported sufficient to offset all idle hours and leave an excess.
4
The monthly averages are for cotton crop years (beginning Aug. 1 and ending July 31). Figures opposite any one year represent the monthly average number oi active
cotton spindles for the period beginning Aug. 1 of the preceding year.
* Takes into account working days, on a single-shift basis, exclusive of holidays.




62

TEXTILE WHOLESALE PRICES.
Table 9.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
COTTON.'

YEAR AND MONTH.

COTTON
YARN.

WOOL.*

WORSTED
YARN.

WOMEN'S
DRESS
GOODS.

Sheetings, Ohio, 1/4
4/4 Ware
and 3/8
Shoals,
grades,
L L, 36",
scoured,
4 yds. to lb., Boston.
New York.

2/32's
crossbred
stock,
Boston.

Storm
Wool-dyed,
serge, all
blue,
Japanese,
wool,
55/56",
Kansai
double
MiddleNo. 1,
sex,
warp, 50",
New York.
New York. New York.

COTTON GOODS.

Carded,
Print
white,
Price to Middling northern, cloth, 27",
upland,
64X60
producer,
New
mule spun.. 7.60 yds.
all grades.
22/1 cones,
York.
to lb.,
Boston.
Boston.

SUITINGS.

SILK,
RAW.

Relative to 1913.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average..
average..
average..
average..
average..

100.0
88.3
74.1
112.5
179.1

100.0
94.6
79.4
113.1
183.7

100.0
88.0
81.0
120.0
181.2

100.0
88.1
83.5
121.6
192.2

100.0
91.2
84.0
117.6
192.7

100.0
93.4
121.3
144.3
243.1

100.0
82.4
101.4
135.2
200.8

100.0
88.9
99.1
135.4
193.4

100.0
94.4
101.2
127.8
204.4

100.0
101.5
91.2
133.7
150.9

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly
1922 monthly

average..
average..
average..
average..
average..

245.8
246.6
267.5
102.5
143.3

248.5
253.9
264.9
118.8
165.9

267.5
240.8
283.8
133.3
160.5

327.5
287.0
363.8
146.3
189.9

317.3
273.5
343.5
143.0
168.4

300.7
248.0
203.0
106.0
163.6

271.5
209.5
234.9
151.7
181.9

260.4
234.2
238.3
156.6
149.0

261.5
259.5
270.5
182.8
200.7

172.3
244.0
227.4
165.8
198.4

March.
April..

85.8
78.3

92.1
94.9

114.2
112.2

130.4
124.1

141.9
124.3

110.1
110.1

154.5
154.5

157.3
157.3

198.1
198.1

161.6
158.9

May....
June —
July....
August.

78.3
81.6
80.0
81.6

101.1
94.1
96.6
108.6

115.4
116.7
112.6
122.3

124.1
124.1
124.3
136.8

119.9
115.8
115.8
117.6

106.5
102.6
102.6
98.7

160.9
154.5
148.1
148.1

157.3
157.3
157.3
157.3

189.3
189.3
189.3
183.5

154.8
157.5
157.5
148.1

105.0
165.0
147.5
135.0

159.8
154.0
142.3
143.4

160.0
170.2
160.0
154.2

168.4
185.5
174.0
167.5

151.6
167.6
172.0
173.5

98.7
98.7
106.5
110.1

148.1
148.1
148.0
160.9

157.3
146.5
144.9
144.9

183.5
183.5
183.5
183.5

164.3
165.6
197.0
209.0

January...
February.
March
April

136.6
129.1
132.5
133.3

140.0
141.2
143.2
141.5

147.5
141.6
142.5
141.3

167.5
163.2
173.0
173.3

159.6
159.6
156.7
147.7

121.6
140.5
151.9
151.9

164.5
167.4
160.9
167.4

144.9
144.9
144.9
144.9

183.5
183.5
183.5
183.5

185.8
180.4
165.6
179.1

May....
June —
July....
August.

132.5
155.8
170.0
172.5

162.9
172.7
174.6
171.1

149.4
161.4
166.4
169.5

184.9
188.4
190.7
187.5

150.8
162.2
172.0
174.1

151.9
155.8
170.9
170.9

173.8
183.7
180.3
180.3

144.9
144.9
144.9
144.9

198.1
198.1
198.1
212.6

197.9
200.6
193.9
195.2

September.
October
November.
December..

175.8
166.7
186.7
198.3

167.9
178.0
200.1
201.0

166.5
171.2
182.6
186.0

190.7
207.5
222.9
223.2

175.6.
176.4
190.1
195.6

174.8
174.8
197.6
197.6

186.7
193.1
212.4
212.4

144.9
146.4
168.9
168.9

212.6
212.6
221.4
221.4

210.0
228.9
216.8
226.2

January..
February.
March....
April

204.2
216.0
230.8
236.6

214.7
226.4
239.9
226.3

191.5
196.7
202.9
199.8

227.3
231.9
237.7
229.3

197.1
205.5
208.3
210.4

205.2
208.8
208.8
212.7

218.9
225.3
225.3
225.3

168.9
176.4
184.0
184.0

221.4
227.2
227.2
227.2

224.8
241.0
237.0
255.8

May....
June
July....
August.

224.1
213.3
218.3
195.8

216.3
222.4
202.3
199.4

190.1
185.2
176.7
174.5

211.9
202.9
192.2
186.7

202.1
194.3
189.9
180.5

212.7
205.2
208.8
197.6

231.8
231.8
231.8
225.3

184.0
184.0
184.0
184.0

238.8
238.8
238.8
238.8

231.6
211.4
196.6
201.9

September..
October
November..
December..

200.8
226.6
240.0

223.3
234.9

190.7
199.5

204.4
217.4

181.1
203.6

197.6
197.6

218.9
212.4r

184.0
184.0

238.8
238.8

269.3
215.4

1921.

September.
October
November..
December..
1922.

1923.

See footnotes on opposite page also.
1
Price of cotton to the producer on the 1st of each month is a weighted average of prices received by producers throughout the United States for all grades of cotton
as compiled by the U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics. All other prices are averages of weekly quotations compiled by the U. S. Department ofLjabor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.




63

TEXTILE WHOLESALE PRICES.
Table 10.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources*1
dBase year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
COTTON. 2

Middling
Price to
upland,
producer,
all grades. New York.

YEAR AND MONTH.

COTTON
YARN.

Carded,
Sheetings,
Print
white,
Northern, cloth, 27", 4/4 Ware
shoals,
64 X«O
mule
7.60 yds. L L, 36",
spun,
to lb.,
to lb.
22/1 cones, Boston. 4 yds.York.
New
Boston.

1918 monthly average..
1919 monthly average
3920 monthly average
1921 monthly average
1922 monthly average

80.120

WORSTED
YARN.

Ohio, 1/4
a n d 3/8
grades,
scoured,
Boston.

2/32's
crossbred
stock,
Boston.

Per yard.

Per pound.
1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average
1915 monthly average...
1916 monthly average
1917 monthly average

WOOL.3

COTTON
GOODS.

WOMEN'S
DRESS
GOODS.

SILK,
RAW.

Storm
serge, all Wool-dyed Japanese,
blue,
wool,
55/56", 1 Kansai,
No. 1,
double
Middlesex, New York.
warp 50",
New York. New York.

Per pound.

Per yard.

$0,248

80.035

$0,061

$0,471

$0,777

$0,563

.218

.030

.056

.439

.640

.500

.089

$0,128
.121
.102

.198

.029

.052

.571

.788

.557

. 135

. 145

.297

.042

.072

.679

1.050

.762

.215

.235

.449

.066

.118

1.164

1.556

1.088

.106

SUITINGS.

. 295

.318

.662

.113

.195

1.439

2.109

1.465

.296

.325

.596

.099

.168

1.189

1.627

1.318
1 340

.321

.339

.703

.126

.210

.971

1.825

.123

.152

.331

.051

.087

.507

1.179

882

.172

.212

.397

.066

.103

.781

1.413

.838

.103

.118

.283

.045

.087

.527

1.200

.885

.094

.121

.278

.043

.076

.527

1.200

.885

.094

.129

.286

.043

.074

.509

1.250

.885

.098

.120

.289

.043

.071

.490

1.200

.885

.096

.124

.279

.043

.071

.490

1.150

.885

.098

.139

.303

.047

.072

.472

1.150

.885

.126

.204

.396

.058

.093

.472

1.150

.885

.198

.197

.421

.064

.103

.472

1.150

.824

.177

.182

.397

.060

.105

.509

1.150

.815

.162

.183

.382

.058

.107

.527

1.250

.815

.163

.179

. 365

.058

.098

.581

1.278

.815

. 155

.181

.351

.056

.098

.672

1.300

.815

Per pound.

$1,545
1 459
1.564
1.974
3.158

$3,640
3 604
3 318
4 867
5.494

4 040
4.009
4 179
2 933
3.101

6 273
8 880
8 273
6 035
7.219

3.060
3.060

5.880
5.782

2.925
2.925
2.925
2.835

5.635
5.733
5.733
5.390

2.835
2.835
2.835
2.835

5.978
6.027
7.154
7.595

2.835
2.835
2.835
2.835

6.762
6.566
6.027
6.517

3.060
3.060
3.060
3.285

7.203
7.301
7.056
7.105

3.285
3.285
3.420
3 420

7 644

3.420
3 510
3.510
3 510

8 183
8 771

3.690
3. 690

H 428
7.154

1921.
March
April

.

May
July

September

December

.

'

1922.
JcinUBTV

•. • . «

February .
March
A pril

.159

.183

. 353

.060

.096

.727

1.250

.815

.160

.181

. 350

.060

.091

.727

1.300

.815

.159

. 370

.064

.093

.727

1.350

.815

.221

.400

.100

.745

1.427

.815

.204

.223

.412

.065
.066

.106

.818

1.400

.815

.207

.219

.420

.065

.107

.818

1.400

.816

. 215
.228

.412

.066

.108

.836

1.460

.815

.200

.424

.072

.108

.836

1.500

.824

.224

.256

.452

.077

.117

.945

1.650

.950

.238

September ..
October
N o vcmber
December

.208

.187

May
j une
July
August

.257

.460

.077

.120

.945

1.650

.950

.950
.993

.211

8.330
7 889
8 232

1923.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
.

.245

. 275

.474

.078

.121

.981

1.700

.259

.290

.487

.126

1.000

1.750

.277

.307

.502

.080
.082

.128

1.000

1.750

.284

.290

.495

.079

.129

1.018

1.750

1.035
1.035

8 624
9 310

.269

.073

.124

1.018

1.800

1.035

.458

.070

.119

.988

1.800

1.035

.259

.437

.066

.117

1.000

1.800

.255

.432

.064

.111

.946

1. 750

1.035
1.035

3.<>90

. 235

3 690

7 3.50

.241

....

.471

.284

.262

...

.277

. 256

.286

.472

.071

.111

946

1 700

1 035

3 690

9 S00

.272

.301

.494

.075

.125

.046

1 650

1.0:35

3 690

7 N40

7 601

.288

December
See footnote on opposite page also.
8
The price of cotton to the producer, as of the first of the month, represents a composite of all grades as they come from the farms. The market price is quoted on
a specific grade and includes handling and transportatton charges.
8
Based on the price of unwashed wool, except prior to 1917 when it was based on the price of washed wool. This difference in 1917 changed the average from $1,145
on the washed base to $1,164 on the unwashed base.




64
PIG IRON.
Table

11.—INDEX NUMBERS.

Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in "bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
TOTAL PIG IRON.
Furnaces in
blast, end of
month.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Production.

Fur-

Capacity.

Stocks on hand.
Production.

Sales.

Ship- Unfilled
ments. orders.

Merchant
furnaces
only.

Steel
plants
making
some
merchant
iron.

Pig iron.
Foundry, No. Basic
2 North- (valley
ern
fur(Pitts- nace).
burgh).

Relative
to 1921.

Relative to 1914.

Relative to 1913.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

WHOLESALE PRICES.

MERCHANT PIG IRON.

Composite
Pig
iron.2

Relative to 1913.
100
87
93
132
259

100
88
93
134
265

100
88
92
132
259

5 100
53

215
189
281
157
169

221
188
287
148
165

222
194
284
156
161

91
92
92
84

112
116
113
95

158
149
138
137

150
141
132
124

159
150
140
132

87
79
72
71

79
69
67
72

85
77
79

143
143
142
137

130
131
129
127

136
137
136
132

71
76
104
114

76
72
71
59

95

70
82
114

82

133
130
131
142

123
121
122
136

132
125
125
135

117
83
74
68

123
111
115
89

109
106
95
82

44
41
32
21

24

161
162
163
202

167
170
165
181

155
158
159
180

58
80
102
113

55
57
72
245

77
89
112
114

71
64
57

20
21
25

16
16
25
41

229
210
185
171

222
210
189
169

211
206
191
173

125
131
138
142

121
115
133
141

152
209
67

127
130
159
154

95
116
147
126

36
37
32
35

40
38
35
35

180
183
202
205

175
179
205
211

177
181
197
204

119
120
111
100

149
146
136
127

158
151
144
132

39
51
66
92

155
137
118
123

96
79
67
62

45
61
82
93

36
52

200
185
170
166

197
186
171
16S

200
189
175
169

95
91

121

120
121

91
76

117
120

57

102
109

78
85

166
159

169
160

168
158

average.
average.
average.
average.
average.

100
75
97
127
124

100
70
85
119
126

100
75
100
127
127

1918monthly average.
1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average.
1921 monthly average.
1922 monthly average.

126
100
119
54
87

131
90
107
39
67

May
June
July
August.

48

September.
October
November.
December..

100

100

100

1OO

100

127
98
116
52
90

133
155
44
71

129
125
44
109

145
176
57
99

186
263
85
84

63
84
43

33
28
26
26

45
38
34
37

39
36
32
26

34

54

24

43

85
78
77
80

38
49
55
64

30

46

42
49
62
64

29
38
54
63

85
61
48
64

67
91
78
61

64

47
51
58
60

63
70
82
87

60
51
67
65

79
153
240

90
92
94.
71

65
71
64
54

92
97
84
65

66
75

79
103
111
121

71
81
90
94

92
105
116
121

January...
February.
March
April

126
117
138
139

97
103
110
115

May
June
July
August.,

151
143
144
134

September.
October
November..
December..

122

1931.
42
34
37

36
45

40
63

1922.
January...
February.
March
April

64

May
June
July
August.
September.
October
November.
December..
1923.

123

118

279

47

See footnotes on opposite page also.
Figures Tor pig-iron production (anthracite and coke, not including charcoal iron) and furnaces in blast furnished by the Iron jfiyc, XlJ.crCIla.Jl I P^ft niron u\ UAIC SL IIIVI H/U./*
_„
.
On Age; merchant pig u l l by the American
Pig Iron Association, representing1about 60 per cent of total merchant production and h n n ; g n90 pperRcentf of production in"strictly e r c h a n t furnaces; wholesale pricer aver— .
,__.._._
.,-1.1
_ J__.L nr,
J. _/-X-.L-,
, — ^ — _-._._^..„ . , about n r P n | n rwadnp.t.inn in strictly m merchant furnaces; wholesale prices,
ago of weekly quotations, from U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, except composite pig iron, which is compil the American Metal Market.
implied by
w




w

65
PIG IRON.
Table 12.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
TOTAL PIG IRON.

MERCHANT PIG IRON.

Furnaces in
blast end of
month.

Stocks on hand.

Production.

Production.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Fur-

Sales.

Tons per
day.

1913 monthly average.. 2,560,342 | 269
1911 m o n t h l y a v e r a g e . .

1,920,813
2,471,881

62, 752
83,623
106,775
106,499

229

1916 m o n t h l y a v e r a g e . .

3,253,280

319

1917 m o n t h l y a v e r a g e . .

3,182,165

338

193s m o n t h l y a v e r a g e . . I

3,208,837

j 352

1919 m o n t h l y a v e r a g e . . j

2,548,573

Unfilled
orders.

Steel
plants
making
some
merchant
iron.

Merchant
furnaces
only.

Long tons.

| 241

Pig iron.
Foundry
No. 2
Northern
(Pittsburgh).

Basic
(valley
furnace).

Composite
pig
Iron.*

Dollars per long ton.

84,005

188

J915 m o n t h l y a v e r a g e . .

Shipments.

Capacity.,

Lofton,

WHOLESALE PRICES.

329,964

$15.42

12.88
13.74
19.76
38.90

13.52
14.15
20.31
39.99

100,741

34.46
30.31
44.90
25.13
27.03

32.51
27.70
42.25
21.74
24. 26

34. 38
29. 91
43. 80
24.05
24.81

693,270
698,600
702,289
637,820

210,243
219,175
213,672
179,431

25.36
23.84
22.09
21.86

22.00
20.75
19.38
18.20

24.47
23.08
21.57
20.29

598,700
522,047
510,990
547,70S

160,457
145,327
148,540
174,842

22.96
22.96
22.66
21.96

19.13
19.19
19.00
18.63

20.99
21.15
20.92
20.42

580,263
546,403
539,363
445,216

179,216
167,805
180,912
154,202

21.26
20.84
20.96
22.71

18.15
17.75
17.94
20.00

20.42
19.31
19.26
20.77

333,613
309,079
244,808
158, 877

332,724: 11,305,073

$14.75

41. 39

378,925

130,865
93,407
70,907
45,366

25.76
25.96
26.02
32.37

24.60
25.00
24.25
26.60

23.91
24.29
24.54
24.74

150,524
156,908
187,562
231,129

30,943
30,679
47, 855
76,737

36.65
33.57
29.65
27.40

32.63
30.90
27.75
24.81

32.48
31. 82
29.46
26.73

$16.00
13 90

759,572

14 87
21 07

106, 954
81,918
97, 578
43, 673
75,238

503,450

425,425

586,016

412,697

168,494

145,854

269,513

1920 m o n t h l y a v e r a g e . . j

3,034,5j0

j 287

1921 m o n t h l y a v e r a g e . . |

1,371,611

105

1922 m o n t h l y a v e r a g e . . |

2,240,021

181

1,221,221

90

|

38,080

148,945

1,064,833

76

j

32,195

135,892

360,379

483,511
585,653
189,477
330,549

2,432,964
3,435,852
1,111,934
1,093,545

113,682
80,283
132,821
208,227

178,575
144,198
127,137
200,181

1,103,487

279,938
201, 604
157,487
210,485

224,280
304,325
258,725
201,485

1,131,668

228,467
260,094
504,631
791.970

234,987
251,348
346,571
378,884
407,856
368,222
381,636
295, 899

929,205
834,322
739,355
1,154,914

480,650
289,145

!

634,959 I3188,422
323,645

!

1921.
May
June
July
August.

864,555

|

28,175

121,469

70

|

30,770

99,227

985, 529

82

|

35,650

108,432

1,246,676

September
October
November
December

69

954,193

96

40, 850

143,762

1,415,481

1922.
January
February
,
March
,
April

120

51,663

203,145

1,649,086

125

53,735

240,484

1,644,951

126

53,305

228,667

1,629,991

138

59, 080

192,804

2,035, 794

155

69,015

252,957

2,072,114

162

72,875

246,884

May
June
July
August.

2,306,679

175

77,520

250,089

2,361,028

192

81, 845

282,961

2,405,365

172

70,605

251,612

1, 816,170

144

54,645

191, 965

386, 736
273,461
244,666
222,842

September
October
November
December

2,033,720

190

77, 500

220, 882

181,832

2,637, 844

218

87, 935

301,295

186,583

1,012,307
1,004,149
1,040,857

1,026,769
942,829
924,922

894,961
911,065
1,070,027
1,484,267
1,420,713
1,378,223
1,240,206
1,065,280

2, 849, 703

1923.
January
,,
February
March
April

386,069

236,382

101,400

427,975

806, 888

262

105,125

459, 208

2, 994,187

278

110,055

437,010

3, 521,275

May
June
July
August...

97,135

253

3,229, 604

J

242

3,086, 898

256,354
295,802
370,992
378,039

296

116,100

503,155

3,547,551

310

119,500

532,956

502,936
688,931
919.971
220,114

424,021
432, 894
529,GOO
513,979

1,243,327
1,516,489
1,917,505
1,642,630

275,094
278,531
246,027
264,578

75,142
72,519
65,438
66,510

28.77
29.27
32.27
32.77

25.80
26.25
30.13
31.00

27.31
27.98
30.36
31.44

514,741

1,256,336
1,030,271
868,052
805,939

340,187
463,014
625,729
705,421

68,576
97,963
129,215
170,111

31.97
29. 65
27.27
26. 52

29.00
27.38
25.10
24. 75

30.84
29.11
20. 9S
26.10

746,358
016,722

772,867
830,842

146,635
160,633

26. 52
25.37

24.88
23.50

25. 98
24.37

3 867 094

125,100

599,953

323

122,555

572,896

3,679,810

298

114,200

544,490

3,435,313

September,
October
November.
December..

321

3,60S, 413

270

106,590

500,122

129,117
169,647
219,051
303,276

102,000

455,5S9
457,796

300,969
251,888

3,125,512
3,149,158

245

99,030

455,336
392,283
410.196
387,643
398,856

|
I
|
|

I

See footnote on opposite page also.
"The composite pig iron price compiled by the American Metal Market is the average price of 10 tons of iron distributed as follows: One ton each of Bessemer Valley;
No. 2 foundry valley; No. 2 X foundry at Philadelphia and at Buffalo; No. 2 foundry at Cleveland and at Chicago; two tons each of basic valley and No. 2 Southern foundry
at Cincinnati.
8
Eleven months' average, February-December, 1921.

68G900—23




5

66

CRUDE STEEL.
Table 13.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.3

I

£2

s

1914 mo. av.
i
1915 mo. av.j
1916 mo. av.j
1917 mo. av.j
1918 mo. av.j
1919 mo. av.|
1920 mo. av.j
1921 mo. av.;
1922 mo. av.

1921.
September.. j
October . . . . !
November..
December . . |
1922.
|
January
I
February . . .
March
,
April
|

100 ; 100 100
|

181

271

177
269

146

136

183

202

165

144

148

109

182 i

142

187

202 ;

75

88

64

48

114

131

171
41
112
40
140

53

46

42

50

•

73

65

74

57

'!

99
148
54
123

101

129

50

48

111

105

97

77

63

62

60

90

73

72

77

74

91

51

75

70

90

40

48

80

87

59

61

74 :;
58 :;

72

65

68

85

r>\

ii

72

41

72

50

73

78

69

ii

70

54

71

112

95

100

90 !j

76

74

115

150

196

109

86

6S

!
j
|
|

128
124
117
104

154
177
131

180

130

89

77

218

141

95

136

126

98

120

92

156

101

September.. j
October....!
November.. j
December.. [

112
135
136
131

194
150
121
137

239

154

144

155

93

145

119

152

113
117
116
114

75
85
82 j

220
193
211
156
134

IOO
86
92
161
252 |

I

174

j IOO

218

j
!

134
132

187
131
115

34

113

123

134

138

36

113

135

134

136
134

63

31

113

132

133

128

35

20

113

116
106
99

129

130

127

19

109

99

127

126

124

21

109

99

125

124

121

46

109

96

125

122

122

57

114

99

131

126

125

132

106
10t)
109
116

139
140
142
151

127

127
130
131
138

137

166
166
160
154

loo

1OO
841
514

100
51
108

795
799
851
683

58
76
72
56

99
96

717
759
817
611

46
64
87
103

52
73
193
188
125
190
102
125

53
64
59
55

134

55

148
123
284

55
47

125 |

180

192

123 j

177

163

190

118

j

168

ISO

158

108

j

103

71

132

100

77

120

100 [
92

166
149
139
146

September..!
October
j
November..|.

131
141

94

91

97

74

41

103

j!.

il

T

85
79

94

96

103

91

128

119

124

123

119

387

118

104

100

350

105

133

120

85
88
91
103

397

93

251

97
108

343

125

61

123 j

81

86

117

2S5

58
77

94

188

;
;
!
i

!

I

197

199
179

December...i

ij

202
16S
322
167

151
137
160
156

May
June
July
August

100
88
95
163
259

54
145

34 |
,50 :

213 !
188 |
222 |

152 j
134 I

ii
82

1923.
j
January
February. ..I
March
j
April
'

1OO

74

75

93

100
87
94
154
266

157

100

100

68

90

83

215
191
249
155
144

105

170

75

May
June
July
August

Eelalive to 1913.

170

117
158

72

cE-2

GO

243
215

195

131

I

100

105

135

C

100
78
87

137

111

e
n

P

100
52
%

100
70

100

7G
112
175

103

0

H

11

Relal ive to 1920.

Relative to 1913.
1913 mo. av.i

!I|

V.

—
•

«*i

WHOLESALE PRICES.

Iron

Production.

o«
o«

3

SHEETS—BLUE, BLACK, AND GALVANIZED. 3

Stri
steel
Pitt*

I

YEAR AND
MONTH.

U. S. STEEL
CORP.*

stocks.

STEELjl
COMMERCIAL
IN- |ji STEEL CASTINGS. 4
GOTS.I;

118 j

111

142 I
141 ;
120 ;
i
i

126
126
111

110
115
118
107

380
370
53s
492

110
130
134
126

92

152

|

|

83
129
126

139 j

155
138
138
149

I

163
149
152

127
102
137

125
132

j

136 i
136
140

j

153
155
146
142

|

141
136
132

129
130
137
146
149
149
149

146
148
146 j

147 I
i

117
132
122

577
521
520

144
127

179

167

231

74
79
90

125

438

147 j

131

84

122

127

162

172

80

110

130

419
534
574

135

123

96

126

110

120

98
105

102
95

180

175

132
139
146
172

173

174

165

127
122
128
125

156

169

ISO
177

145
154
172

151
158
165
174

162
171
179

149 I
157 j
163
169

176

168

176

168

112

66

165

166

172

176

167

13(5

83

165

166

170

176

167

530 j 120

159
131

162

166

170

170

16?

155

160

167

176

167

j 1,286

134

50
45

T

See footnotes on opposite page also.
Yearly figures represent the monthly averages of total production of all companies as compiled an inially by the A merican Iron and Steel Institute. The institute reported
... „
..
,. r
., production figures for 30 companies which ±produced 84.2rper cent of the total output of the country in 1920, 87.48 -- cent in 1921,and 84.15 per cent
,
—
„
...
,
1921, and 84.15 per cent
o
x per
up to 1923 monthly r
in 1922. In order to make the monthly figures comparable, they have been calculated to a 100 per cent production each year on the basis of the above percentages. Tho
1923 figures are calculated on the basis of reports from companies which produced 95.35 per cent of the total production in 1922, the total computations to 100 per cent in
19222 and 1923 being made by the American Iron and Sted Institute.
Unfilled orders of steel and earnings reported by U.S. Steel Corporation.
3
Sheets, blue, black, and galvanized, reported by the National Association of Sheet and Tin Plate Manufacturers, representing almost all the independent sheet manufacturers and about 70 per cent of the total output of sheets.
< Bookings ofcommercialsteel castings reported by the Steel Founders Society and principal nonmomber firms to the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau, of the Census.
Reports are by 65 identical firms with a capacity of 96,900 tons per month, of which 58,700 tons are usually devoted to railway specialties. This represents over two-thirds
of the cast ings capacity of the United States devoted to commercial castings (as distinguished from castings used in further manufacture in the same plant). Prior to 1920,
figures for companies representing about 6 per cent of the miscellaneous castings are not available and the totals for this class have been prorated by that amount for these
years in order to afford comparison with later years. In July, 1923, two companies with a combined capacity of 785 tons devoted to miscellaneous castings ceased
operations.
1




67

CRUDE STEEL.
Table 14.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
U.S. STEEL
COMMERCIAL
CORP.2
STEEL CASTINGS.*

SHEETS—BLUE, BLACK, AND GALVANIZED.'

g

II

Y E A R AND
MONTH.

I

©o

Long tons.

1913 m o . a v . . . . ! 2,523,344

50,466

1914 m o . a v . . . . I 1,901,649
2,607,018
1915 mo. av

38,187
56,345
88,450
74,616

1916 mo. a v

3,450,160

1917 m o . a v

3,634,933

1918 m o . a v . . . . | 3,587,585
1919mo.av....I 2,807,900

3,406,783
1920 mo. av
1,602,933
1921 m o . a v
1922 m o . a v . . . . 2,880, 702

Thous. Thous.
of
of
long
tons. dolls.

Short tons.

23,742
17,830
24,985
I 46,282
25,942

94,493 40,601
36,256 9,733
66.109 26,519
23,973 9,574
66,264 j 33,265

WHOLESALE PRICES.

Production.

© 50

26,723 5,907
20,357 4,115
31,360 5,189
42,168 9,720
48,674 10,716

d

p

Per
cent.

Short
tons.

IIS

a

pine

STEEL
INGOTS.i

i

a

©Jfl

1
Dolls, Dolls. Dolls,
per
per
long
long
ton.
ton.

Short tons.

11,432

Dolls, per
pound.

26.32 0.0172 0.0166
22.92 .0152 .0143
24.76 .0163 . 0153

25.79 0.015
20.08 .013
22.44 .015
43.95 .028
69.86 .043

i,972
10,866
27,798
24,608

53,892 8,635 15,595
26,523 5,995 11.966
39,590 10,023 14,724
14,399 5,331 7,726
32,999 5,648 8,471

h

40.50

.0280

70.10

.0446

, 0267
.0419

.032
.028
.028
.021
.017

56.68
50.32
65.59
40.74
37.86

.0379
.0332
.0363
.0269
.0231

.0354
.0312
.0368
.0253
.0222

72.7
34.9
76.5

111,989 j 5,590 172,161 140,844 689,853
106,175 46,989 87,702 75,329 232,551
108,709 ; 28,770 182,519 203,869 346,449

47.27
40.54
56.26
34.46
33.99

7,258
106,454
8,204 || 131,577
6,440 |j 127,983
4,967
82,198

43.6
53.8
51.2
40.1

101,078
101,511
100,345
80,551

44,427 100,035
44,639 130,374
47,591 124,611
38,200 96,997

231,536
249,922
212,239
141,047

29.00
29.00
29.00
29.00

.019
.018
.017
.015

35.34
35.46
34.71
33.99

.0237
.0230
.0228
. 0223

.0225
. 0222
.0213
.0211

86,130
122,436
166,247
184,979

42.0
56.1
68.0
75.2

89,109
90,771
107,970
101,863

40,085
42,439
45,673
34,166

80,000 72,922 128,200
110,129 103,057 145,673
149,407 272,357 314,617
177,855 264,629 395,620

28.00
28.00
28.00
29.50

.015
.015
.014
.015

33.35
32.86
32.97
34.42

.0217
.0214
.0209
.0216

.0206
.0201
.0202
.0208

94,853
218,743
210,460 I 86.4 98,860
179,100 [ 72.7 101,639
228,398 j 87.2 115, 242

22,177
21,609
19,586
29,184

212,748
203,023
181,381
215,200

176,200
268,032
143,563
175,495

364,075
437,853
409,885
379, 249

34.00
35.00
35.00
36.10

.016
.016
.017
.018

36.49

.0218
.0222
.0223
.0236

.0211
.0215
.0217
.0229

202,600 | 80.4
243,476 I 91.8
242,562 I 91.3
205,239 80.4

123,439
128,981
131, 782
120,000

21,241
20,690
30,084
27,500

190,027
223,874
230,320
216,266

188,863
208,916
172, 774
399,624

378,574
376,394
321,487
505,766

39.50
40.00
37.75
36.50

.021
.021
.021
.020

43.79

40.53

.0251
.0257
.0257
.0257

.0243
.0244
.0242
.0244

248,337
217, 808
287,203
253,563

252,489
253,197
325,526
183,904

.0259 .0247
.0272 .0261
.0283 .0270
.0299 .0281

171,489
85,409
190,864
!

1921.
September
October
November
December

1,342,867
1,848,205
1,897,578
1,631,336

1922.
January
February
March
April

1,891,857 34,459
2,071,772 37,080
2, 814,667 47,892
2,902, 240 75,665

20,081
18,578
23,791
46,560

14,378
| 18,502
| 24,101
S 29,105

4,242
4,141
4,494
5,097

May....
June
July....
August.,

3,218,794 77,600 42,796
3,127, 775 89,365 51,694
2,952,806 66,166 32,372
2,629,256 63,416 21,843

34,804
| 37,671
! 33,794
I 41,573

5,254
5,638
5,776
5,950

September
October
November....
December

2,818,261
3,410,265
3,430,309
3,300,416

97,919
75,709
60,899
68,889

56,781
34,276
22,131
28,271

1923.
January
February
March
April

3,822,369
3,454,91S
4,046,854
3,944,412

j; 100,605
1 90,152
1
| 143,564
:
j 90,968
j

47, 879
39, S45
76, 409
39, 610

52 726
50, 307
67, 155
51, 358

6,911
7,284
7,403
7,289

10,561
| 9, 527
j 14,692
! 14,400

260,520
237,919
279,475
254,808

92.0
89.0
92.7
90,9

131,550
148,360
136,347
140,044

32,229
29,123
29,084
24,470

511,346
547,897
619,823
577,969

37.30
39.63
44.38
45.00

.020
.021
.022
.026

41.17
42.61
45.04
47.01

May....
June
July
August.

4,195,800 89,493 38,788 50,705
3,748, 890 84,878 42, 773 42, 105
3,515,966 52,066 16, 741 35,325
3,677.771 50,515 18, 332 32, 183

6,981
6,386
5,911
5,415

J17,699
!l5,760
! 15,767
|l6,997

260,006
218,432
174,911
234,112

88.6
79.9
69.6
80.1

141,781
145,470
141,130
134,606

23,397 278,059 242,624 551,139
29,827 233,128 172,637 503,175
32,062 192,262 92,358 404,868
32,252 234,486 116,659 316,972

44.60
42.63
42.50
42.50

.026
.026
.025
.025

47.37 .0303
46.19 .0303
45.39 .0303
44.87 . 0303

September
October....
November..
December..

3,316,166
3,547,966

41.88

.025

40.00

.025

44.64
43.84

23,435 10,032 13,403
32,961 17,605 15,356
40,522 20,726 19,796
29,912 14,389 15,523

47,574 21, 685
37,446
840

4,561
4,287
4,251
4,268

i 4,654
I 6,181
\ 8,505
! 7,750
!

I 8,822
10,712
j 9, 834
110,615
I
| 41,138 6,692 | 7,020
! 41,433 6,902 8,566
' 38,768 6,840 9,663
40,618 6,746 9,323

25, 889
27 606

5,036 114,289
4,672 I

185,577 71.5
225,714

114,313 29,975 205,772
106,884 71,902 230,820

139,283
134,578
88,894
49,713

223,556 343,096
185,110 307,540

36.96
37.50
39.79

43.60
42.08

.0279
.0279
.0278
.0278

.0303 .0278
.0302 .0278

t

See footnotes on opposite page also.
Railway specialties include such items as bolsters, side arms, draft arms, couplers, and cast-steel car wheels, and are reported by identical firms throughout.
The figures for composite steel compiled by the American Metal Market represent the average price per pound of steel products weighted as follows: 2$ pounds bars,
1$ pounds plate,s, 1J pounds shapes, 1J pounds pipe, 1£ pounds wire nails, 1 pound galvanized shoets, and £ pound tin plate.
7
Composite price of finished steel products compiled by the Iron A ge includes: Steel bars, beams, tank plates, plain wire, open-hearth rails, black pipe, and black sheets.
These products, according to the Iron Age, constitute 88 per cent of the United States output of finished steel.
8
Average of weekly prices compiled by the Iron Trade Review on the following 14 products: Tig iron, billets, slabs, sheet bars, wire rods, steel bars, plates, structural
shapes, black galvanized and blue annealed sheets, tin plates, wire nails, and black pipe. Pig iron average in turn is average of 13 different quotations.
9
Average of weekly prices from U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
6
6




IRON AND STEEL PRODUCTS.
Table 15.—INDEX NUMBER6.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
FBT.
CAES.

LOCOMOTIVES.

Shipments.

Unfilled orders.

Relative
to 1913.

Foreign.

Domestic.

Under
con- C o m struc- pleted.*
tion.'

Relative Relative Relative!
to 1913. to 1920. to 1919.

Relative to 1920.

1913 monthly average.
1914 monthly average.
1915 monthly average.
1916 monthly average.
1917 monthly average.

100
39
37
75
110

100
57
90
143
119

1918 monthly average.
1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average.
1921 monthly average.
1922 monthly average.

121
73
65
37
35

152
19
63
18
143

100
63
80

100

100

100

48

25

23

20

100
31

67

23

I
1921.
September...
October
November...
December
1922.
January
February....
March
April
May....
June...
July...
August.
September
October
November....
December
1928.
January
February
March
April

September...
October
November...
December

For
compari-6
son.

Im

"
•p o r t g

Total.? Total."!! Value.
i Relative; Relative•: Relative
! to 1922. to 1913. ii to 1919.

Relative to 1913.
100
101

100

100

100

100

56

90

142

139

128

89

145

8
5
8
21

Ship;ments#

138

220

98
102

235

111

194

53

125

106

160

101

67
30

130

107

180

138

162

87

70

SO

38

104

168

53
20

120

127

100
100

130

62

128

61

229

119

86

1OO

108

35

46

16

25

5

38

119

95

41

50

25

48

23

45

62

14

135

108

47

52

9

13

24

42

67

18

137

110

55

41

29

27

20

28

5

32
28
26

13

98

79

59

41

113

23
12
17
18

15

105

95

50

103

11

114

87

49

80

43

107

202

154

78

124

53

120

228

174

81

119

70

117

209

160

82

137

87

116

191

146

77

130

147

112

6

181

137

56

94

273

104

3

178

135

52

87

188

104

24

10

16

14

105

14

36

18

15

138

13

32

25

17

114

7

12

47

24

300

23

49

37

61

42

111

49

118

39

103

47

121

52

131

69

47

176

17

18

174

24

125

80

23

130

78

104

25

15

19
18
19
22

111

1

29

55

61

7
13

56

45

18
53
7
24

151

27

99

22

5

167

127

48

77

» 285

117

116

159

28

121

22

10

152

115

46

79

5.56

135

122

168

28

176

22

8

128

98

47

76

528

133

120

168

22

221

22

12

157

120

54

90

360

152

150

197
92
71

135

190 ;

21

128

26

|

4

196

150

46

74

448

178

168

239 i

18

74

24

|

6

209

159

48

'80

252

144

245

175

248 i

24

405

23

j

7

251

190

5'J

93

394

188

167

236

!

22

93

21

11

212

162

ii I
12 I

163

229!

24

21

13

114

12L

2*1

166

207 |

24

17

15

4
13

149

148

102

102

250

154

131

185 |

20

102

113

157 '

183
1 8

May.....
June
July....,
August.

Per
cent
Sales. of capacity.

!

Frnnrt-4
exports.

Orders.

YEAR AND MONTH.

DoDoForTotal. mestic. eign. Total. mestic.

,| STEEL
FABRICATED j
STRUCTURAL] IRON AND STEEL,
STEEL.* I
TURE.

SHIPS.

78

207

7ti

20 L

106

167

!

7S

192

89

235

31
15 I
!

109

285

25 |

123

18

101

285

17 I

102

14

14

14

26

12

,

(•')

6

Yi'i

102

.

154

118

:

139

106

126

137
148

60
54

103

135

140

109

150

See footnotes on opposite page also,
i Locomotive sbipraents and unfilled orders reported direct by principal locomotive companies: Freight car orders by domestic railroads compiled by the Iron Trade

Census, including reports from the National Association of Steel Furniture Manufacturers.
* Gross ton represents in units of 100 cubic feet the entire cubical capacity of the vessel, including crew and engine space.
3
Tonnage under construction on the first of the month refers to the gross tons of shipping, building or under contract to build for private owners. Includes only steel
vessels of over 100 gross tons. Does not include Government ships or ships building or contracted for by V. S. Shipping Board.
4
Includes ocean-going, lake and river vessels built and officially numbered by the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau, of Navigation. Includes vessels of the U. S.
Shipping Board and private American owners, but not vessels built for foreign owners.
< Index number less than 1.
•




69

IRON AND STEEL PRODUCTS.
Table 16.—IHJMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite pago.J

Shipments.

Unfilled orders.
ForDoTotal. mestic; eign.

Number
of cars.

Number of locomotives.

1913 mo. a v .
1914mo. a v .
1915 mo. a v .
1916 mo. a v .
1917 mo. a v .

306

191Smo. a v .
1919mo. a v .
1920 mo. a v .
1921 mo. a v .
1922 mo. a v .

371

1921.
September...
October
November...
December
1922.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August..
September...
October
November...
December
3 923.
January
February
March
April

Domestic.

Under
Comconstruc- pleted.<
tion.*

Gross tons.2

10,500
6,000
9,500
15,000
12,500

119
114
230
336

223

IRON AND STEEL.

STEEL
FURNITURE.

Sales.

IMPer
EXPORTS.
PORTS,
cent
of
caFor
paccomTotal.? Total.'
ity, parison.6

Shipments .8

Short
tons.

Per
ct. of
normal.

Dollars.

Orders,

YEAR AND MONTH.

DoForTotal. mestic. eign.

FABRICATED
STRUCTURAL
STEEL.*

FRT.
CARS.

LOCOMOTIVES.

31,881
26,354
18,760
27,118
75,112
218,549
851,158
235,945
105,973
26,795

228,801

95,567
96,267
135,800
138,800
124,617

16,000
2,000
6,667 1,155,691
1,838
613,617
234,438
14,998

Long tons.

121,208
119,617
124,70S
83,100
160,258

26,556
24,027
23,533
25,906
20,974

129,123
293,207
503,971
536,980

14,052
26,837
36,626
10,088
60,761

444,835
366,663

$907,933
1,471,609
943,986
1,077,336

199

110

1,323

894

112

69

337

206

106

88

889

791

429
131
99

102
117
139
143

107
191
179
122

550
6,500
7,000
550

439,735
365; 686
319,426
296,944

89,709
50,265
61,599
46,108

113,300
128,700
131,300
94,100

48
54
55
40

94,838
106,584
125,516
134,447

147
173
255
515

60
66
75
102

11,000
14,500
12,000
31,500

2G0,599
222,559
197,011
211,918

52,764
38,359
6,203
34,308

100,300
109,300
193,500
217,500

40
44
77
87

140,784
112,812
178,113
184,991

160,905
135,758
210,095
200,735

13,405
11,537
14,149
18,720

497
495
712
926

124
101
99
109

18,250
13,100
13,700
1,610

220,727
209,060
218,999
249,394

21,419
16,959
19,356
11,511

200,000
182,500
172,500
170,000

80

187,732
177,067
128,326
69 I 119,067

231,260
220,112
159,338
146,961

23,097
39,154
72,425
50,050

1,056,735

1,347
1,420
1,501
1,498

116
118
118
94

10,350
12,700
18,500
23,255

255,431
25S,373
257,328
251,858

15,834
33,815
27,720
43,294

160,000
145,000
122,500
150,000

109,207
104,474
106,486
124,613

130,728
134,095
128,503
151,474

9

76,393
174,260
140,250
95,701

1,062,495

1,099

89
79
102
93

13,390
7, S00
42,500
9,800

302,047
280,278
269,911
241,009

14,292
21,392
24,978
38, 972

187,500
200,000
240,000
202,500

104,581
109,461
134,SS5
141,034

124,444
135,1S2
165,624
179,159

119,011
66, S03
104,680
76,4G5

1,362,470

2,200
1,785
1,450
2,7S0

150, 433
172,301
164,236
140,929

15,518
45,587
1,572
21,087

142,500
127,500
127,500
147,500

158, 446
134,205
141,213
127,287

204,988
172,747
170,259
im, 010

74,560

1,506,072

897
1,125

160,351

10,930
14,028

132,500
120,000

137,833
123,371

173,664

106

51

209

75

53

308

29

14

318

89

30

265

74

11

207

44

40

239

39

35

330

21

13

617

70

54

621

114

67

596

12S

122

811

151

130

1,035

119

113

1,463

145,

133

1,538

159

144

1,619

210

194

1,592

1,78S
2,220
2,316
2,204

229

217

207

196

282

269

217

201

May

238

228

June

232

221

July

239

211

August..

272

259

September.

335

313

October

310

295

2,141
2,214
2,111

2,150
1,95S
1,73S
1,497

1,406

105
104
86
91

1,178
977

1,102
915

76
62

2,045
1,854
1,652

412,030
183,980
139,473

7
3

i

169,078

13,178
13,910
10,997
10,798

782,053
871,012
890,362
1,027,417

967,125
1,087,228
1,058,382

1,015,463
945,768
943,087

1,227,447
1,204,310
1,376,152

1,307,173
1,709,206
1,520,286

66,460

1, 401,950

51,921

1,247,605

44,202

1,345,147

35,796

1,273,259

28,S48

1,365,600

November.
December..

See footnotes on opposite page also.
based
itha
total capacity'
6
mn
This colu: gives a total of pig iron and rolled products as used in the Iron Trade Reviciv, which is comparable each month back to 1913.
7
Beginning with January, 1922, all commodities are given in quantities in the export reports, many of which were previously available only on a value basis. This
column gives the total of all pig iron and rolling-mill products as cornpilod by the U. 8. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
sThese data comprise shipments from 22 manufacturers, representing practically the entire production of stock goods, which include sections, counters, office and
vault verticals, safes and interiors, desks and tables, and small miscellaneous articles, exclusive of shelving and lockers.
9
Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tarill law was in effect. Remaining 9 days of September are included with October




70

IRON ORE AND COPPER.
Table 17.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
LAKE SUPERIOR IRON
ORE.

IRON
ORE
MOVEMENT.3

YEAR AND
MONTH.

At
Sault
Ste.
Marie
Canals.

Stocks.
PriTotal
mary Exat furpro- p o r t s Connaces
On
Pigs,
At
ump
Lake stion.*- duc- ingots,
and
tion
furErie
on
at
etc.
naces. docks.
Lake
mines.
Erie
docks.

Relative to
1913.

IRON
* ORE
MOVEMENT.!

COPPER.

PriceIngots,
elecAt
trolytic Ste. Sault
Marie
(New
Canals.
York).
i

Relative to 1913.

Relative to 1919-20.

LAKE SUPERIOR IRON ORE.
Stocks.
Total
at furnaces
and
on
Lake
Erie
docks.

av.
av.
av.
av.
av.

126
98
118
47

100

100

2

107
76
78
113

95
110
175
187

83

50
83

15G
105
99
39
81

157
122
114
80
85

10,091,883
7,820,465
9,463,416
3,765, 8X7
7,037,890

3,610,454
3,209, 886
493,122

102,040
95,845
115,668
160,654
157,177

5,235,628
7,535,001
10,575,351
10,229,015

100

124
128
126
118

126
132
132
123

119
119
111
lOi

36
46
54
64

21
24
22
18

85
74
103
87

76
81
83
86

110
102
92
82

113
104
92
81

101
99
95

62
62
76
76

25
37
61
75

75
75
115
100

17
83
112
111

76
83
102
123

74
84
107
133

80
83
90
99

82
86
89
64

90
93
92
98

89
93
90

84
87
87
87

83
73
46

137
145
144
131

147
155
153
137

111
118
122
114

74
100
109
120

93
101
100
103

83
74
79
71

87
87
87
90

115
100
82
65

120
101
83
67

104
97
82
60

124
116
136
139

110
101
119
]16

107
71
91
91

62

66
82
101
121

53
55
61
73

152
145
143
133

123
123
123
128

100

120
119

122
130

8,131
8,542
8,818
8,109

2 4,022
4,531
2,030
3,355

159,045
107.202
100,755
39,336
82,561

58,726
36,653
51,771
51,293
60,683

.247
.191
.180
.126
.134

28,0S6
29,399
29,337
27,461

9,661
9,672
9,033
8,434

1,431
1,833
2,188
2,577

20,927
24,614
22,348
18,595

60,170
52,486
72,786
61,518

.120
.127
.130
.136

33,481
31,206
28,151
25,092

25,257
23,148
20,470
18,103

8,223
8,058
7,681
6,989

2,493
2,500
3,067
3,059

25,848
37,416
62,305
77,026

53,130
52,862
80,853
70,145

.136
.129
.127
.126

1,379, S50
6,617,660
8,942,659
8,936,377

23,025
25,447
31,127
37,630

16,532
18,693
23,830
29,566

6,493
6,754
7,297
8,064

3,294
3,441
3,5S3
2,589

92,048
95,222
93,486
99,726

62,891
65,604
63,596
62,612

.132
.136
.137
.138

6, 658,148
5,871, 802
3,658,414
10, S64

41, 805
44,181
44,004
39,866

32,777
34,595
34,105
30,032

9,029
9,586
9,899
9,234

2,990
4,012
4,381
4,845

94,975
103,371
101,607
104,675

58,167
52,185
55, 788
50,362

.138
.137
.136
.141

35,151
30,519
25,121
19,6S3

26,684
22,601
18,496
14,825

8,467
7,918
6,625
4,358-

4,999
4,671
5,473
5,582

112,267
102,735
121,502
118,157

75,617
40,751
64,394
64,353

.146
.155
.169
.169

18,865
22,800
27,503
32,831

14,786
18,288
22,547
26,924

4,347
4,512
4,957
5,907

6,119
5,816
5, 747
5,3,53

125,438
125, 479
125,249
131,088

59,010
62,019
63,167

.156
.148
.144
.139

9,467,787
8,460,932

37,450
41,042

30,430
32,945

7,020
8,097

4,814

124,523

4,801

6S,889
75,089

.134
.126

82
81

73
73

70,461 $0,157
.134
75,245
53,567
.173
55,260
. 275
79, 818
.294

10,4S4,858

1OO
95
110
115

100
113

Dollars
per
pound.

80,634

100
98
109
111

105
108
100

Thousands of
pounds.

8,018,226

94
113
157
154

132
128

PricePrimary
Exproo r t s Ingots,
duction pPigs, - electrolytic
at
mines. ingots, (New
etc.
York).

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

100

100
65
94

1918 mo. a v .
1919 mo. a v .
1920 mo. a v .
1921 mo. av.
1922 mo. a v .

At
furnaces.

ConOn
Lake sumption.*
Erie
docks.

Thousands of long tons.

Short tons.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 mo.
1914 mo.
1915 mo.
191G mo.
1917 mo.

COPPER.

2

30,504
29,753
33,330
33,751

2 22,289
21,211
24,512
25,642

37,747
39,071
38,369
35,896

5

1921.
September..
October
November..
December..

45
40

1923.
January
February...
March
April
May
June
July
August
September..
October
November..
December..
1923.
January
February...
March
April
May
June
July
August
September..
October
November..
December..

115
126
131

75
90
108

118
106

123
135

137
148

90
98

107

108
108

94
92

85
80

6,081,285
9,222,722
10,094,136

1
Iron ore movement from the U. S. War Department, Engineer Corps; Lake Superior iron ore movement from the Lake Superior Iron Ore Association; cupper production
representing for 1913 through 1920, smelter production from domestic ores, from the U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, data since the beginning of 1921
tvom American Bureau of Metal Statistics, representing the primary production of copper by the miuos of the United Slates; exports from the U. S. Department of Commerce; price of copper from U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
2
Twelve month's average June, 1919, to May, 1920, inclusive.
8
No allowanco made for seasonal variation in computing these index numbers. Thefiguresrepresent the total iron ore movement, both for the United States canal and
1
the Canadian canal which is equivalent to about 85 per cent of the total iron ore production of the United States. Figures for 1913 to 1922 reprfis
ssent monthly averages cornputed from the total movement for the year on a six months' basis during the equivalent of which period the total movement takes place. Th Canals, however, are open
The
from April to December, inclusive, and'the monthly data here shown cover the entire season during which the canals are open.
< Furnaces reporting vary in number from 319 to 341. Beginning with June, 1922, reports from 15 Canadian furnaces are included.
e Index number less than 1.




71

MISCELLANEOUS IRON PRODUCTS.
Table IS*—(A) IBTDEX NTJMBEBS AND (B) MTTMEEICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources*1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
STEEL BARRELS
AND DRUMS.

OHIO FOUNDRY IRON.

OHIO FOUNDRY IRON.

S T E E L B A I U I E L S AND
DRUMS.

Melt in^s.

YEAR AND
MONTH.

ReShip- ProTotal
Per stocks. ceipts ments. ducof
tion.
Ton- cent
iron*
nage. of normal.
ftelative

UnNew
filled
orders. orders.

Total Receipts
stocks. of iron.

Long
tons.

Rel.to
1920.

Per
cent of
normal.

Long tons.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1920 mo. a v . .
04
1*121 mo av
1922 mo. a v . . 1 0 0

2

40

1OO

3

61

Tune

76

July
August

58

32

153

September...
October
November
December...
1922.
January
February
March
April. . .

100
51

172

195

142

110

93

28

7,439

86

33

0 274

19 34
Id 04

86

37
38

5 100

80

1921.
May

1OO

100

80

1OO

Number.

93

77

7,070

16. 67

104

67

47

110

139

132

105

<29

80

105

95

75

07

50

148

145

103
109

77

47

64

116

113

97

57

40

104

111

76

57

45

132

42

80

70

60

131

75

91

104

77

131

91

150

87

93

92

93

179

12,183

56

<31

2 7 791

= 20.71 3 22 753
51.82 2 2 , 2 7 4

112,432
8,2.'SO ' 192,3S6

89,»U0
89 54S
33,999

96,754

8,123

24. 14

24,491

155,521

* 14.94

17,835

117,112

93

3,766
8 137

82

9,39'1

24.20

14,217

130,199

83

39

6,922

20. 80

23,225

124,000

90

87

83

6,929

23.13

29,300

3,491

89. 216

97

106

42

9 ; 275

31.17

29,241

6,181

101,830

159

120

109

12.646

39.97

29,266

7,530

168,476

207

149

175

10,541

48.40

20,551

7,664

200,214

4

26.09

165 S99

May

90

95

101

113

201

243

178

200

10.981

49.48

22,52,8

9,293

225,372

June..
Julv
August .

99

98

110

124

238

2.30

182

117

12,017

50.75

10,174* '

266,944

99

113

89

79

197

230

143

123

12,087

58.54

24,399
19,810

104

139

73

112

218

237

132

87

12,723

71.97

16,195

112

121

75

87

184

213

138

92

13,639

62.68

110

119

88

123

169

20(i

122

82

14,073

61.42

134

122

90

100

173

213

K)5

105

10.350

123

us

82

100

180

222

181

97

14,929

110

115

132

184

-182

221

98

163

131

353

173

236

257

132

236

276

267

153

288

237

112

September..
October....
November...
December...

6,521

220,992

9,194

244,271

16,679

7,187

206, 448

19,631

10,106

189, 4S4

63.32

21,439

8, 240

194,059

61.02

18, 215

13,179

201,319

13,410

59.34

20, 240

10, 828

200,021

19,800

67. SO

23,992

29,044

193,992

22. M2

83.20

25,617

19,406

24,787

79.90

28,335

21,925

254.573
245,125

81.12
81.27

23,303

15,961

231,440

26,3<?6

15,570

207.563

1923.
January
February
March . . .
April

186

161

91
108
115

203

154

127

266

227
219

May

190

157

105

194

209

266

210

84

23,193

June
July
August

198

157

118

189

185

210

98

207

165

127

183

188

239
245

69

$5. 32

2S 351

10,950

210,621

148

154

103

181

194

236

ISO
156

24,091
25 1N3

90

18,048

79. 56

23, 033

14,899

217,127

147

172

143

76

18,774

71.51

22,830

12,876

164,511

158

194

173

10S

21,458

68.14

24,426

16,488

177,073

September...
October
November
December

154

138

109

156

176

131

110

200

Pro-

duction.

Unfilled
orders.

New

orders.

Per
coat; of
capacity.

Number.

B .—NUMERICAL DATA.

1OO

102

Shipments.

j

Relative to 1921.

t o 1922.

Meltings.

17.4
34.0

16.1
15 0
16.2
22 9
16.6
25.2
19.7
13.3

15.6
16.9
27.7
36.1
42 2
40.1
40.0
41.2

> 2^4,557
332, 228

1 GO,.Til
SI (V>9
175,790

4 1.101
•v. •«-,

213,490
247,320

l'j"i '«7

240,616
255 423
220,677

120.531
1 i0 907

193, 814

03.089

201,204

133.874

SO.167

130 711

218,315

67, S5S

2N 1,794
350,445

175,534
2S0,999

410,477

321,069

427,739

1S8 28S

334,S81

19s, i:?o

309.044

140. '2(Y>

37.0
35.9
37.1
38.7

322,632

116.769

287,141

IM:J,O5O

3N5, SSI

169.4S0
155. 166

31.7
41.0
48.1
50.1

518,403

157,377

(>03, 774

21!.019
?!»>, 000

424,107

627.143
5.10. S01

179. SOI

46.3
41.5
42.7
41.0

493,09N

134,474

493, 733

157, 153

422, 478

109 54S

30(>, 704

143, 500

30.0
33.7

335,324

122,5(K)

405,653

172,751

1
Data on gray iron foundries in Ohio from Ohio State Foundrymen's Association; steel barrels and drums from the Steel Jiurrnt Manufacturers' Association. Monthly
data2 on orders for steel barrels and drums back to January, 1920, may be found in the September, 1923, issue (No. 25), pages 54 to 57.
Ten months' averago, March to December, inclusive.
3
Five months' average. July to December, exclusive of Oetober.
4
Represents last half of September only. Previous to September, 1921, reports are for mouth beginning on 15th, but subsequent to this date all reports arc for the calendar month.
& Six months' averago, July to December, inclusive.




72
MACHINERY.
Table 19.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
PUMPS.

FOUNDRY
EQUIPMENT.*

YEAR AND MONTH.

Agricuf-;
tural.

PUMPS.

Steam, power, and
centrifugal.

Orders
on
Ship- hand Total
New Ship- tiffed
shipSales. ments. end
m e n t s . orders. ments. orders,
of
month
Relative
to 1919.

Relative to 1922.

FOUNDRY
EQUIPMENT. 2

Shipments.

Sales.

Relative to 1919.

Shipments.

100

1921 m o . a v .
1922 m o . a v .

163

91

80

& $97, 284 $101,843

69

80

64

268,100

74
67

70

65

62

64

63

<90.4

64

1921.
June
July
August..!..
September...
Oetob r
November...
December
1922.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September...
October
November...
December...
1923.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September...
October
November...
December...

39

40

69

64

30

46

82

68

69

65

81

62

45

48

47

47

102

70

76.2

82

60

85

84

77.9

66

62

138

136

94

94.4

64

53

141

114

122

104.2

72

00

101

117

102

99.0

90

01

113

138

99

105.4

84

61

62.8

Power
and
New Shiphydro- Total .3 orders,inents. Unfilled
orders.
pneumatic

Number.

100

151

90

5 100

too

101

100

100
52

& 42
100

Pitcher,
hand,
and
windmill.
month.

Steam, power and
centrifugal.

Dollars.

Thousands of dollars.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

124

1920 m o . a v . .

Orders
on
hand
end
of

Dollars.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1919 m o . a v . .

Agricultural.

90

117

82

97.1

79

66

130

132

88

100.8

81

69

98

102

94

87.2

84

86

73

108

96

119

89.3

91

106

74

91

86

81

88.0

115

96

92

170

116

176

152

153

187

173

198

105. 8

129

112

104

1S3

172

178

100.0

125

124

110

183

188

189

114.1

90

128

107

165

165

192

108.1

96

123

107

133

182

165

108. 5

83

137

100

130

100

103

102.0

76

144

9L

92

134

117

85.9

62

123

79

137

144

123

136

65

214,614

$369,816

,503 SI,659;$1,290 $5,973
1,945
9,709
2,045
4,7K5
859 1,176
51,500 < 3,143 i 552, 111 1,155
1,030
3,802

77,077
105,011
65,354

143,029

826

1, 298

107,118

888

1,103

91,342

772

900

100,337
133,161
103,544
96,503

87,553
73,944
98,382
111,535

525

803

813

810

121,371
125,727
274,208
227,408

114,350
115,06S
170,918
205, 825

371,148
379,258
271,346
302,980

333,099
279,188
280, 003
330,515

242,039
34S, 872
261, i)30
291, 208

908

893

1,199

1,061

766

894

774

1,051.

982

1,004

988

846

47,020
47,030
44,123

2,107
2,774
2,858

384,200
465,504
475,607

346,258
452, 907
378,025
366,283

52,853
50, 893
53, 942
60,534

3,291
3,519
3,590
3,674

576,957
630,356
604,359
044,208

1, 080

825

1,327

924

28G, 155
323,751
249,577
234, 076

301,520
327.202
3 10, 902
438, 830

50,799
55,735
48,350
48,744

3,370
3,403
2,950
3,035

592,005
015,450
532,455
545,398

453.772
407, 609
464,100
490,477 I

283,978
374,416
482, 351
419,931

651, 066
692,190
572,995
650,622

56,570
54,322
75,371
62,290

2,797
2,670
3,635
3, 271

489,394
442,405
350, 245
349,790

458,737
403, 425
444,074
391,592

698,105
710,908
010,314
001,219

57,653
52,5S6
42,074
42,527

247,329
307,006

328,855
352,384

439,817
454,374

33,712

4,392
4,001
3,861
3, 851
3,840
3,842
4,040
3, 888
3,723
3,568
3,685
3,148
3,506
3,038
3,024

1, 230

1,156

1,054

1,078

1,523
1, 240

1,042

1,387

1,114

1,515

1,365

528,003

1,506

1,112

537, 294

1, 908

1, 244

040,140

2,138

1, 448

610, 531

2,078

1, 600

4, 849
5, 514
6,195
6,595

4,258
3,867
3,976
3,260

690,408

1,491

059,901

1,000

002,482

1,384

623, 284

1,253

1,048
1,5S7
1,705
1,858

0, 407
0,378
5,987
5,413

2,918

524,486

1,029

1,592
1,750

4,737
3,804

1,140

1,015

3,942
4,119
4,339
4,438

1
Data on foundry equipment from Foundry Equipment Manufacturers' Association; shipments of agricultural pumps from the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago in cooperation with the National Association of Farm, Equipment Manufacturers and covers 22 linns, except for May and June, 1922 when only 21 firms reported: data on steam
pumps, single and duplex power pumps, and centrifugal pumps, from The Hydraulic Society, covering about two-thirds of the industry; monthly dal a back to.) auuary, 1919,
may2 be found in the Soptoniber, 1923, issue (No. 25), pages 54 to 57.
Data reported by 13 members of the Foundry Equipment Manufacturers' Association, said to represent ( > to 70 per cent of the foundry equipmmi industry. The prinV
cipal products are molding machines, sand-cutting machines, sand-blast machines, tumbling barrels, sand-mixing machines, cupolas, ladles, core-making machines, eU\
3
These figures include, besides the articles shown in other two columns, tho value of cylinders shipped separately.
4
Eleven months' average.
6
Seven months' average.
6
Eight months' average.




73

PATENTS, AND BUILDING EQUIPMENT.
Table 20.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Baso year in bold-faced type.]
PATENTS
GRANTED BY
U. S. PATENT
OFFICE.*

STOKERS.

FIKE
EXTINGUISH'
ERSa

PATENTS
GRANTED BY
U. S. PATENT
OFFICE.2

STOKERS.

Sales.

if
I3

YEAR AND MONTH.

ShipOrders
Orders
ments. received. shipped.

Shipments.

SSI

monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly

av.
av.
av.
av.
av.

100
US

Number.

79

60

3,214
3,073
3,097
3,157
3,201

S6

62

68

65

65

73

57

55

234
183
73

49

49

130

65,919
27,262
60,409

2,718

48
32
65
59

46
54
64
67

110
54
60
58

36,401
17,596
21,626
20,224

66
45
43
65

51
58
60

SI
75
116
125

34,157
35,663
G9,716
62,027

65
53
32
56

63
35
41
53

113 61,391
109 | 37,239
177 | 70,230
160 S3,310

35
65
30
39

115 40,505
158 63,167
<96 ;4 35,808
' 20S 4131,699

109
SG
82
72
62

144
151
170
128
114

1921.
September...
October
November...
December...

96

61

107

47

104

41

126

23

33

2,955

131

82

149

26

41

3,711

106

75

156

25

38

2,994

121

84

133

35

65

107

3,433

108

57

119

32

68

90

3,045

100

54

135

50

132

137

2,823

123

3,084

1OO
125
52

56

115

100

87

52,732

109

S2

110

53

118

139
109
99
128

82

147

61

116

100

3,935

67

81

47

71

119

3,089

41

95

76

133

141

2,788

71

123

6S

15S

96

3,621

68

u
120

104
82

3,832

4

99
101

3,030
2,974

47
43
35
40

3,578
3,226
2,997
3,097

72
48
52
44

77
48
56
50

145 83,270
129 66,619
120 68,955
167 ! 85,339

64
47
61
69

194
135
129
135

61
67

May
June
July
August

I
j
|
j

September
October
November
December

136
| 107
105

59

81

54

151

44

70

4

41

51

91

4

S9

68
250

Dollars.

71

95

114
109
110
112
113

31

! Number.

65

87

1918 monthly av.
1919 monthly av.
1920 monthly a v .
1921 monthly a v .
1922 monthly a v .

1OO

Number of pieces.

43

97

121

1922.
January
February
March
April

Number.

fc

2,828
3,329
3,601
3,664
3,422

1OO
151
165
140
160

130

Sales.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

1OO
123
110
120
110

127

TUBULAR
PLUMBING.

.a
|

Rel. to 1919. Relative
to 1922.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

BRASS
FAUCETS.

Sales.

1st

Relative to 1913.

FIRE
EXTINGUISH'
ERS. a

2,760

4,969

M72,719

163,353

109,307
277,926
264,228

123,768
282,194
342,515

350,447
353,476
338,236
379,00S

338,307
381,182
267,955
224,313

163,508
1SS,264
247,439
2S1,">S2

$160,086
187,175
244,602
240,160

7S7,0S7
645,306
749,185
566,558

683,022
481,740
708,356
703,457

311,738
254,593
470,717
185,724

378,403
238,690
445,994
189,747

512,395
257,012
227,701
272,974

681,483
540,324
421,819
425,032

119,467
90,320
94,381
125,S65

122,392
105,709
100,755
124,525

338,221
408,765

3S9,845
490,690

i:r>, 960
173,481

130,374
147,420

5,307
4,492
6,7S6
6,123

4,983
5,910
7,016
4,789
5,160
4,069
4,910
4,997

1923.
January
February
March
April

127
I 114
| 106
I 110

56

143

76

149

109

62

109

121

63

142

102

56

90
126

May....
June—
July....
August.
September
October
November
December

!

91

179

62

158

76

61

112

55

126

85

66

130

51

131

103

162

115

83

191

105

4,032

58

113

92

3,069

100

77

3,421

160

58

136

119

2,873

49
50
44

39

142

42

115

61

156

38

62

2,551
3,572

31
48

100,513
59,719
52,518
71,693

i 60,486
8S ! 32,576

3,788
4,234
5,120
5,71S
5,215
4,554
3,810
5,906

!
':
I

1
Patents granted compiled from the official records on file in the U. S. Department of the Interior, V. S. Patent Office, Division of Publications; stoker sales through December, 1922, from the Stoker Manufacturers' Association, said to represent approximately 99 per cent of the industry, beginning wit h January, 1023, from reports to U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, from 15 manufacturers representing practically the entire industry: data on fire extinguishers from the Fire Extinguisher Eivhaugi;
data, representing the total of 22 different classes of faucets, from the National Association of Brass Manufacturers reported to the association by its members; tubular plumbing sales from the Tubular Plumbing Goods Association.
2
It should be noted that inasmuch as patents are granted on Tuesdays only, the number of patents shown for a given month represents the total of either 4 or 5 Tuesdays.
3
Data include patents granted falling within the official classification of "agricultural implements; planters, harrows and diggers, plows, harvesters, scattering unload«
lers, and threshing implements. '
* Figures are incomplete, owing to the failure of 2 or 3 member companies to report.
6
Eight months' average.




TIN, LEAD, AND ZINC.
Table 21.—INDEX NUMBERS.
From Government and non- Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
TIN.
Stocks.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Consumption.*

World

visible. 5

ZINC.
Im-

Bars,
United blocks,
etc.
States.'

PricePig
(New
York).

LEAD.

ProducShiption
Receipts ments
from
(total
Stocks. at St.
St.
priLouis/Louis.*
mary).

PricePrime
western
CNnw
York).

Rel. to

Relative to 1913.
1913 monthly av
1914 monthlv av
1915 monthly av
1916 monthly av . .
1917 monthly av

Price—
Fie:,
desilverized
(New
York).

Relative to 1913.

1921.

1OO

1OO

1OO

100

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

86

120'

92

87

78

102

49

99

95

90

275

106

88

111

123

113

97

84

141

35

110

107

247

109

104

100

1OO

1OO

147

96

193

43

160

114

241

137

135

132

193

132

276

168

159

372

131

133

112

17

124

190

149

142

164

138

169

104

55

78

146

132

124
114

212

74

101
92

203

127

91

131

116

159

180

110

112

138

99

114

193

139

131
201

83

1S4

59

159

127

47

67

62

196

49

73

90

1OO

192

56

105

131

191

134

117

72

108

89

66

75

104

126

309

116

132

148

139
138

21

72

62

211

31

67

92

88

243

78

113

145

43

65

67

221

32

85

90

220

73

10o

164

136

37

62

54

227

40

82

92

181

51

100

161

95

54

59

51

213

20
24
27

64

80

99

256

56

100

71

171

95

61

60

50

200

81

98

203

52

105

189

111

46

61

50

174

86

88

112

182

65

107

89

184

71

721

65

73

165

88

89

107

168

44

107

101

204

92

93

73

76

164

64
62
69
72

89

61

122

90

128

256

49

107

117

212

72

95

71

82

162

87

131

356

202

76

97

68

78

158

70
39
73
57

102

88

1922.
January
Fsbruarv
March
April . . . . . .

171

152

91

September
October
November
December

150

132

42

1921.
May
June
July
August
...

128

289
268

34
44

1918 monthiv av
1919 monthly av
1920 monthly av
1921 monthly av
1922 monthly av

110

83

121

212

97
78

107

86

86

120

369

84

107

46

90

115

282

70

116

98
101

87

94

115

372

124

126

62

83
46

98
103

115
114

129
80

133
131

48

79

113

125

369
265
294

140

133

43

71
65
63

59
76
61
59

165

181

167

165

65

92

148

137

178

148

110

68

88

127

130

185

104

89

69

95

99

140
126

190
174

128

131
133

70

73

70

99
110

114

195

86

72

109

70
53

138

185

67

<77

72

153

1.85

155

158

77

115
138

46
44

132

204

146

94

82

139

48

133

201

201

174

84

148

45

181

208

182

138

88

160

41

169

203

111

130

94

147

27

181
185

199

220

192

109

169

25

179

194

176

103

162

22

43
40
128
104

May
June
July
August

165
148
145
151

179
171
162
152

170

118
115
132
133

95

164

92

148-

86

149

88

144

32
42
52
65

September
October

124
151

160
166

93

135

93

146

56
63

May
June
July
Aucust
September
October
November
December .
1923.
Januarv
February
March
April

December

ShipProduc- Receipts ments
at St.
from
tion.
Louis.3
St.
Louis.3

196
152

116
110
156
128
199

98
137

89
207

107

118

123

124

140

351
340

125
165

140
152

129

147

242

110

165

127

141

252

73

166

48
50
79
62

125

146

255

78

178

130

134

215

62

185

141

160

271

91

193

133

152

301

78

188

94
87
100
77

71
79
91
76

121
110
110
114

160
163
157
151

46
57

38
52

117
114

144
144

192

61

168

185

62

164

129

64

145

197

90

153

121

87

161

108

101

156

,

See footnotes on opposite page also,
so
i Stocks and consumption of tin from New York Metal Exchange; production and. stocks of total primary zinc from American Zinc Institute; receipts and shipments
,.._ '
of zinc and lead at St. Louis from Merchants Exchange of St. Louis; exports and imports from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce;
wholesale prices from U. 8. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, representing average of weekly prices; index number of lead production from A mertcan Bureau
of Metal Statistics representing production of its members.




75
TIN, LEAD, AND ZINC.
Table 22.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
TIN.
Stocks.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Consumption^

World
visible.^

United
States.

1914 montlily average.
1915 monthly average..
1916 monthly average..
1917 monthly average.,
1918 monthly average..
1919 monthly average..
1920 monthly average.
1921 monthly average.,
1922 monthly average..

3,058
3,475
4,063
4,685
4,823

12,377

18,803

1,847
1,700
2,079
3,153
2,535

4,862
2,692
4,260
2,160
4,788

13,894
12,890
19,726
19,697
23,649

312
1,015
3,322
2,351
2,481

1,225

18,352
17,968
20,316
19,858

2,571
2,546
2,521
1,761

14,907
15,208
18,585

Imports- PricePig
Bars,
(New
blocks, York).
etc.

Production
(total
primary).

9,560 $0,449

Stocks.

LEAD.

PriceShipReceipts ments Prime
westat St.
ern
Louis.2 from St. (New
Louis.2
York).

28,385 $0,058

5,476

.053
.144
.140

15,048

9,299

15,838

9,516

pound.

57,780
58,840
81,586
111,242
111,596

81,318

27,675

40,190

27,360

26,834

28,506

30,541

30,490

35,196

44,323

32,482

107,442

76,461

47,759

.852
.655
.503
.299
.325

86,320
76,500
79,962
35,932
62,280

82,482
74,970
80,886
159,657
72,770

34,369

18,194

60,060
57,666
54,881
20,739
21,149

5,201

.322
.290
.278
.266

36,052
38,886
30,990
29,242

171,624
179,778
184,816
173,098

8,594
5,426
6,613
7,596

5,796
4,352
6,886
8,880

.268
.276
.289
..326

28,734
29,034
42,270
44,026

162,270
141,648
134,098
133,216

9,103
9,295
15,783
10,526

.320
.305
.291
.305

47,412
45,026
53,064
51,012

2,806

8,490
12,552
12,683
8,219

.309
.315 I
.315 |
i
.325 '

1,236

<7,379

2,859

15,086

9,273
14,085
12,908
11,876
7,475
10,503
4,517
11,225

rice
Ship- P Pig, ments
desilfrom
verized
St.
(New
Louis.3 York).

Dollars
per

.353
.376
.433
.594

8,351

Receipts
at St.
Louis.8

Thousands of pounds.

Thou- i Dollars j
sands of | per
pounds, pound. !

Long tons.

1913 monthly average.

ZINC.

Thousands ol
pounds.

Dollars
per
pound.

8,752 $0,044
.039
.046
.068
.091

14,670

7,810

20,390

11,425

8,995
7,195
11,024
10,490
16,905

12,070

.074
.081
.052
.061

9,294

.074
.058
.081
.046
.058

18,985
9,087
11,406
18,053

.054
.049
.048
.047

13,308
12,044
9,894
14,011

6,819
6,416
4,428
4,922

.050
.045
.044
.044

17,585
17,110
19,198
20,016

25,402
24,302
24,862
34,593

.048
.051
.052
.053

11,098
9,955
9,208
14,006

4,553
5,681
3,833
4,318

.046
.047
.047
.047

131,356
128,248
120,524
103,456

19,414
10,698
20,187
15,854

29,052
31,323
24,313
13,132

.051
.049
.050
.052

19,500
11,604
20,232
15,434

8,514
6,787
7,325
6,108

.047
.047
.047
.051

54,838 |
57,094
63,834
62,846

80,818
59,152
57,236
43,258

27,066
28,082
17,057
13,355

24,643
23,650
13,158
22,364

.055
.057
.060
.066

20,344
20,222
14,486
16,112

10,856 |
11,806 i
7,002 I
12,284 !

.055
.058
.058
.059

.323
.346
.369
.377

66,268
79,880
80,400
85,682

37,612
36,086
38,994
36,504

11,791
19,531
18, 044
17,328

16,882
21,610
17,331
16,646

.069
.072
.075
.074

19,245
18,618
13,254
13,805

10,935 J
14,410 |
9,615
6,382

.062
.067
.072
.073

92,634
84,886
97,462
93,732

33,148
21,728
20,042
17,952

11,806
11,096
35,366
28,851

13,556
14,171
22,506
17,498

.073
.076
.082
.077

13,938
11,792
14,828
16,470

6,822
5,402
7,939 |
6,814

.078
.082
.085
.083
.074
.072
.064
.007

31,430
31,644
13,549

7,975
7,298
4,866

1921.
May..
June..

1,590

August.

3,320

September..
October
November..
December..

2,605

1,525

January..
February.
March....
April
May....
June
July....
August.

3,710

21,189
23,349
22,806
25,220

4,275

26,216

1,331

3,215

25,047

1,406

2,230
3,250

22,353

3,086

22,017

2,731

4,740

22,910
23,566
21,502
24,176

5,130
4,590
4,150

4,870

1923.
January
February
March
April

6,625
6,185
6,634
6,775

25,765
25,157
24,622
22,116

6,035

5,510

22,187
21,297
20,019
18,754

4,540
5,540

19,864
20,567

5,050
5,603
4,812

September..
October
November..
December..




1,696

6,030

December.

May....
June
July....
August.

1,316

4,995

22,879
22,902
25,280
24,930

September..
October

1,756
2,041

5,410
5,305

1,921
2,371
3,616

2,022
4,133
3,566

2,699

8,944

3,704

16,643

3,354

13,165

2,054

12,429

4,067

18,365

3,577

16,802

.393
.423
.489 j
.463 |

3,132

11,272

.4281;

2,137

10,966

2,037

12,616

2,887

12,709

.411
.386
.393

94,694
85,680
86,130
83,250

26,038
34,346.
42,480
52,942

26,055
24,181
27,628
21,183

20,018
22,496
25,838
21,550

.071
.064
.064
.067

10,518
10,146
7,083
10,792

5,304
5,387
5,630
7,858

2,362

9,408
13,053

.418
.417

78,210
84,196

45,780
51,574

12,629
15,711

10,910
14,730

.068
.067

6,641
5,926

7,571
8,815

3,677

See footnote on opposite page also,
a Converted from data in slabs of SO pounds each.
8
Converted from data in pigs of 50 pounds each.
4
Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect; remaining 9 days included with October.
6
Figures on consumption of tin represent withdrawals from warehouses.
6
World visible supply includes stocks in United States, Europe, and afloat.

|
|
!
'

.071
.069

76
COAL.
Table 23.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

BITUMINOUS.

ANTHRACITE.
Prices.

Prices.

Production.

Exports.*

Relative to

YEAB AND MONTH.

Relative to
5-yr. av.

1913.

1909-13 monthly average
1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average.
1915 monthly average.
1916 monthly average

Mine
average.5

COKE.

Wholesale,

Pro- Stocks, ExWhole- Retail,
duc- end of
sale,
tion. month.3 ports. chest- chestnut,
nut,
New
New York.
York.

Kana- Retail,
wha
Chif.o.b.
cago.
Cincinnati.

Relative to

Relative to

1913.

R e l a t i v e t o 1913.

1921.

i

1OO

Production.

Beehive.

Exports.

Con-

nellsvilie.

RelaRelaRelative to Relative to 1913. Relative to 1913. . tive to tive to
5-yr. av.
5-yr. av. 1913.
100

1OO
100

82

100
88
111

91

100
74
73

106

150

120

133

99

176

143

338

91

204

172

245

155

59

198

73

194

177

62

242

94

443

100
88
93

137

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

120

100

100

1OO

105

93

100

102

99

111

100

100

69

127

91

100

102

97

103

100

103

105

144

150

122

101

96

121

105

105

115

163

264

208

144

109

161

112

pi

121

151

210

177

136

108

129

129

132

98

136

211

187

143

96

129

119

1921 monthly average
1922 monthly average

Byproduct.

Price.

261

459

266

176

98

140

179

68

87

157

207

207

178

99

100

121

198

194

17

157

32

149

85

84

295

237

198

58

55

68

200

197

24

224

52

293

1921.
90

. .

January
February

193

186

144

97

154

100

201

191

10

134

24

131

121

189

186

157

103

131

107

201

191

15

164

31

134

92

November
December

110

112

98

191

186

188

93

135

114

201

191

17

167

42

122

79

70

184

175

185

81

140

106

201

191

18

176

32

113

94

185

171

185

82

137

78

200

190

18

180

41

113

74

179

164

177

89

133

95

200

189

20

169

44

325

108

172

164

182

115

125

102

200

189

26

202

34

133

40

May
June
July
August

59

103
126

.

65

182

164

182

104

38

201

189

19

210

38

183
246

51

214

180

72

21

189

15

240

30

273

232

184

1

47

189

40

277

380

19

(6)

38

441

2

5

10

(8)

189
220

235

481

185
192

2

39

245
302

16
16
19

244

33

14
6

56

169

36

525

103

107

410

336

225

65

1

212

22

212

48

456

157

356

291

227

112

198

198

334

291

225

112

152

198

198

276

53
52

402

147

31
41

265

114

6
9

31
141

198

113
117

December

252

49

43

September
October

31

56

134

336

268

225

111

5

133

200

209

44

289

168

287

295

1923.
January
February
March
April .
May
June
1 July
August
:

September
October
November
December .

126

99

354

256

228

114

4

124

200

293

107

338

73

292

222

224

102

4

115

?oo

207
214

53

106

53

265

97

202

117

111

258

222

207

117

6

139

200

203

62

307

134

300

107

126

227

222

184

106

12

147

200

196

63

303

277

259

116

205

216

200

183

112

21

155

200

196

65

314

223

211

114

220

207

188

184

114

29

145

200

196

63

299

88

195

113

207

193

177

183

109

34

158

200

19S

57

307

82

1S7

123

193

195

177

183

116

35

153

200

201

53

306

136

116

161

195

177

181

38

28

61

210

208

49

294

130

177

123

136

183

177

182

114

139

216

209

46

293

107

152

Sec footnotes on opposite page also.
1
Except anthracite stocks from the A nthracite Bureau of Information and weighted average mine prices of bituminous coal throughout, the United States from the
Coal Age. Data on production of coal and coke from U. S. Department of the Interior, Geological Survey; exports from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign
and Domestic Commerce; wholesale and retail prices are monthly averages from U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistic*. Wholesale price of bituminous coal
is based on run of mine lump, while the retail price is average consumer's price of lump, egg, nut, and mine run, averaged according to shipments. The price of
Coke represents beehive furnace coke (range of prompt and future) at Conncllsvillc ovens.




77
COAL,
Table 24.—NtfKERICAI DATA.
Front Government sources.1
[Base year i n bold-faced t y p e ; i n d e x n u m b e r s o n opposite page.]

BITUMINOUS.

ANTHRACITE.

Prices.

1909-13 m o n t h l y a v e r a g e .
1913 m o n t h l y average
1914 m o n t h l y average
1915 m o n t h l y average
1916 m o n t h l y average
1917 m o n t h l y
1918 m o n t h l y
1919 m o n t h l y
1920 m o n t h l y
1921 m o n t h l y
1922 m o n t h l y

average...
average...
average...
average...
average...
average...

Production.

Eiports.1

Thous.
of short
tons.

Y E A R AND MONTH.

Thous.
of long
tons.

Mine
average.*

Wholesale,
Kana- Retail,
Chiwha
cago.
f.o.b.
Cincinnati.

Dollars per short ton.

Pro- Stocks,
ducend of
tion. month.3

Thous.
of short
tons.

35,225
36,885
41,877

1,499
1,150
1,397
1,581

45,983
48,282
38,822
47,389
34,660
33, 709

1,789
1,663
1,497
2,866
1,722
919 !

•1.23

$2.20

1.14
1.12
1.85

2.20
2.20
2.68

3.25
2.58
2.59
5.64
2.55

4.58
3.88
4.11
5.85
4.56

3.63

5.2(

Wholesale,
chest- chest—
nut,
nut,
New
New
York. York.

4.87

7,569
7,416
7,298

288
346
319
295
347

6.95
6.55
6.86
8.48
8.58
9.50

8,301
S.,236
7,341
7,467
7,539
4,393

462
370
370
402
348
197

•4.81
4.93
4.89

7,627

2,673
1,478

Beehive.

Dols. per Dais, per
long
short
ton.
ton.

Thous. of
long tons.

Price.

Production.

Prices*

1,098
39,869

COKE.

Byproduct.

Thous. of
short tons.

Exports.

Connellsville.

Thous. Dols. per
of long short
ton.
tons.
73

1,589

73
49
67
87

•2.44
1.81
1.79
3.25

1,870
2,166
2,095
2,565
1,660
2,375

104
126
53
68
23
38

8.25

2,540
1,587
1,748
471
670

$5.31

•6.97

2,799

5.32
5.57

7.00
7.17
7.34

1,945
2,292
2,955

5.94
6.86
8.27
9.50
10.53
10.60

8.46
9.19
10.81
12.33
13.52
13.70

2,764

5.33

1,059
935
1,172

6.00
4.74
10.82
3.65
7.14

I
1921.

September.
October
| November.
December..

35,893
44,686
36,805
31,627

1,329
1,079
770

January...
February.
March
April

37,600
40,951
50,193
15,780

644
814
1,187
715

2.24

May....
June...
July....
August.

20,501
22,309
17,003
22,328

340
541
366
426

3.10
3.36
4,67
5.92

September.
October
November.
December..

40,964
45,173
45,262
46, 450

,729 i
,618 j

January..
February.
April

50,123
42,160
46,807
42,564

May
Juno
July
August

46,076
45, 644
45,126
48,S64

3,212

2.37
2.33
2.35
2.26

2.27
2.20
2.12

4.10
4.10
4.10
3.85

6.92
7.56
9.06

3.75
3.60
3.60
3.60

8.91
8.50
8.77

4.70
5.10
5.39
6.64

8.92

8.77
8.68
8.85
8.92
9.22

7,385 | 4,123
7,858
3,500
3,601
7,110
3,747
6,203

287
308
329 |
306 !

10.66
10.66
10.66
10.65

13.34
13.30
13.30
13.30

416
477
514

1,423
1,734
1,766
1,860

3.19
3.28
2.97
2.75

6,258
6,762
8,757
26

224 i

10.64
10.63
10.64
10.66

13.21
13.14
13.14
13.14

496
549
732
528

1,903
1,795
2,137
2,227

2.75
3.04
5.25
4.48

13.14
13.14
13.14
15.33

432
458
450
539

2,537
2,580
2,486
1,794

10.53
10.53
10. 52
10.64

14.79
13. 83
13.83
14.54

606
878
1,138
1,233

2,244
2,806
2,925
3,063

11.13
35
39
9.80
38
7.19
123 ! 7.00

10.62 i
10.63 \
10.63 [
10.62

14.45
11.90
14.13
13.67

1,478
1,482
1,749
1.776

3,100
2,810
3,256
3,206

78 i
71 j
98 I
202 !

8.25
7.13
7.31
6.31

10.63
10.62
10.62
10.63

13.67
13. 67
13. S3
14.00

1,829
1,755
1,582
1,494

3,328
3, 166
3,255
3,239

163 (
64 ;
GO !
99!

5.15
4.75
4. 55
4.56

11.50
14. 5S

1,373

3,112

1,290

3,090

95 1
78 '

3.85

3,674
3,567
3,344
2,775

275!
295 j
109 i

|
35 | 1,930
84 j 1,247
500
116 f

161 }

61

!

i

40 !
17 !
29 |

141

5.04

7.39
6.39

10.83
10.94

4,979
8,578

152

,469 I

4.38
4.11
4.13

6.39
5.89

10.83 '!
10.82 ;

8,535 j
8,430 !

236
137

092
806 I
220 |
38o

4.36
3.59 j
3.17j
2.79 i

5. 64
4.89
4.89
4.89

10.98
10. 79
9.96
8.84

I
8,713 j
7,773 |
8,900
8,063

105 i
114 !
148 I

2.66
2.54
2.38
2.40

4.39
4.14
3. S9
3.89

S. 81
8.83
8.81
8.80

8,573 !
8,665
8,320
8,80S

38
405
440 j
382 !

22
28
26

I

September
October
November
December

46,175
49,171 I

2,249
2,419 |
2,278
2,117
1,769 ;
1,489 |

2.40 •
2.25 \

3. S9
3.89

N. 73
8.77

2,917
8,724

|
568 I
766 |
89S '

6.00
6.75
10.75
12.80

29

|
356 |
330 |
400 !

422!
446 j
419 |

i
176 !

11.13

401 j

11.47

||
!|
I
j!

4. 50

See footnote on opposite page also.
* Does not include bunker coal on vessels engaged in the foreign Ul««^.
foiwb,. — J :i
trade.
'
'
i
» Average mine pne of spot coal in 14 representative fields weighted by the prol
Excluding Hudson Coal Company, and represent stocks at distribuduction in each field.
tion points.
• No quotation.
* Index number less than 1.




78
PETROLEUM.
Table 25.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

CRUDE PETROLEUM.

GASOLINE.

Price,
Total
Oil
Conship- Kansas- wells
ProducImports. sump- ments Oklations
Total
comTotal Number
tion.
homa, pleted.
from
for com- at refin- of days'
Mexico.4 at wells.
parison.s eries. supply.^

DomesProduc- Exports. 5 tic con- Stocks,
end of
tion.
sump- month.7

Stocks.1

YEAR AND MONTH.

Relative to 1913.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average
average
average
average
average

Relative to 1919.

tion.

Relative to 1913.

Relative to 1919.

1OO

10O

100

1OO

1OO

118

97

100

82

86

87

113

139

102

104

127

62

48

121

138

115

122

154

135

98

135

122

38

137

169

144

213

190

87

143

99

91

109

212

158

246

235

93

90

153

91

82

152

105

1OO

1OO

297

160

337

244

110

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

178

127

114

79

610

201

594

364

127

123

173

124

98

189

152

138

96

704

201

699

182

77

130

143

131

134

222

234

221

132

698

224

724

192

91

157

157

156

167

148

139

100

616

190

650

161

88

136

130

124

169

196

155

141

98

691

197

793

127

92

130

124

155

159

195

161

128

109

542

190

269

107

73

127

89

160

145

199

...

1OO

107

204

1918 monthlv average.
1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average
1921 monthly average
1922 monthly average

100

162

110

107

226

195

259

107

60

131

156

176

120
109

72

113

76

73

1931.
May
June
July
August
September
October
November

..

...

178

165

120

107

616

191

817

107

49

126

114

153

173

166

123

103

784

208

776

166

47

134

154

159

97

184

170

146

100

876

211

814

228

56

131

150

122

105

204

177

178

103

929

220

898

241

70

133

117

109

124

20S

1S7

205

116

883

206

851

241

72

135

163

99

149

197

199

178

128

814

182

781

241

72

121

124

92

171

225

211

210

126

944

216

800

241

83

143

172

133

181

216

225

219

149

786

188

864

241

91

143

189

135

189

224

235

238

131)

945

223

861

241

95

156

182

174

181

220

244

242

137

821

221

786

241

104

159

176

177

175

1922.
January
February
March
April
May
July
August

...

249

236

140

672

230

791

206

113

173

191

19S

164

250

228

133

565

242

642

134

107

167

117

204

149

219

251

225

138

'435

227

526

134

99

163

146

177

146

231

253

219

133

499

244

648

134

87

172

139

171

153

230

252

219

127

496

248

560

134

91

172

136

168

242

September
October
November
December

225
225

252

226

123

520

262

567

134

75

,77

154

152

164
187

1923.
...

May

249

251

200

121

517

266

554

145

76

189

191

155

212

231

247

188

8 124

8294

8 228

471

185

69

172

218

130

239

271

255

208

120

394

264

612

198

78

191

223

151

267

281

January
February
March

260

210

123

335

255

587

195

96

188

214

170

283

299

267

211

126

399

266

570

163

118

192

232

203

281

297

276

212

135

396

249

553

155

115

193

230

221

267

Julv
August

315

285

225

128

465

281

561

155

109

193

263

235

247

318

289

229

128

511

286

603

155

92

197

250

242

223

September
October

311

297

219

131

406

277

523

144

80

189

236

229

206

317

304

134

450

289

534

133

72

269

December

i
See footnotes on opposite page also.
m
stocks
to t h e Geological Survey figures t o c o m p e n s a t e for t h e exclusion of the latter.
Geological Survey, but the imported stocks reported by the Bureau of Mines have been
923,
— • change • the me thod of com pi
* ' - lputation reduced the January, 1923, total from 264,675,000 t o 263,235,000 barrels, a n almost negligible difference. Beginning w i t h J a n u a r y ,
from
This '*
in
v^&iiioriiui. ii—
^ r e d »» - ~ . — ^ , - ^ . — refineries —
^-_,^.., are given — — e — . — . „ -column _-^-., — *,«,
_ . — in t h separate .
uccrs' stocks in California, a n
headed
1923, the Geological Survey total of stocks, pipe-line tank farm produwu> SHA^S mi uauiuiui<i, and i m. p o_ t^^— oil -held outside -•
epartment ., the Interior, Bureau of Mines, a n d includes b o t h i m p o r t e d a n d d o t i
il W h l l
i
' Tank farms and pipe lines." Total at refineries is from U. S. Department. of the Interior, , Bur* of Mines, and includes both imported and domestic oil. Wholesale price
,..,
ireau
4..
rude petroleum, average for the month, from U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics: data on gasoline from U. S. Department oj the Interior, Bureau of
Departm
of crude Mexican petroleum sliipinents are from the Oil Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics: data on gasoline from Street Journal.
petroleum, average for the month, from U. S. Trade Journal, the current month being an approximate from the Wall U. S.
Min2es.
Represents production transported from field of production, does hot include oil consumed at locality of production.
3
Figures for earlier years adjusted to represent approximate net stocks to conform with data for current months.




v

v

v

v

o

I

79
PETROLEUM.
Table 26.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources*1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

GASOLINE.

CRUDE PETROLEUM.
Stocks.*

Y E A R AND
MONTH.

Total Price,
KanConshipsasTank
Imports. sump- ments OklaTotal
farms Total at Numtion.
from homa,
for coinrefinMexico.* at wells.
eries. ber of
days*
supPer
ply.*
Thousands of barrels.
Thousands of barrels.
barrel,

Production;

Oil
wells
completed.

DomesProduc- Exports.' tic con- Stocks,
end of
tion.
sump- month.7
tion.

Number
of wells.

Thousands of gallons.

Kf

1913 m o n t h l y a v .
1914 monthly a v .
1915 monthly a v .
1916 monthly a v .
1917 m o n t h l y a v .

20,704 104,962 j
22,147
123,709 !
23,425
145,914
25,064
144,556
27,943
12^,201

5,682

159

21,774
22,772
26,549
31,478

2,159 8 0 . 9 3 4
.798
1,766
.583
2,743
1.258
3.318
1.775
4,608
5.319
7,280
12,814
15,093
15,611

153

3,144
4,401
9, 054
10,442
10,362

20; 816
21,009
19,116
16,374

116
114
126
124

9,148
10,255
8,047
3,352

41,463
42,893
41,479
42,583

17,991
18,404
21,856
26, 562

124
119
116
120

41,702
45,314
12,994 , 45,987
13,753 j 47,905

17,634
16,746
17,571
19,397

196,228 !
208,851 !
221,588 j.
235,962 !.

30,636
26,580
31,298
32,752

135 !
148 i
146
173

13,097
12,077
14,004
11,659

44,906
39,609
47,095
40,997

46,456 |

247.093 !..

45,559 |

255.817 L

35,470
36,178
35,287
34,030

158 j 14,018
12,182
162
9,971
154
8,385

33, 615
32,766
32,765
33,805
252,961
255,385
258,738
264,627

29,914
28,113
31,133
31,343

140

65,936

279,877
273,157
289,986 | 283,651
299,389 j 293,054
303,305
298,872

31,511
31,718
33,581
34,271

64,352
65,677

311,433
319,591

32,753

29,661

103,886

13,526

126

1919 monthly a v .

31,531

110,026

14,935

116

1920 monthly a v .

36,911

133,115

16,954

92

1921 monthly a v .

39,13-

159,237

20,651

111

1922 m o n t h l y a v .

45,933 I

245,073

32,932

42,189

36, 763
35, 832
3S.108
42,173

155,267
162,463 i
168, S21 |
169,682 |
i
172,874 ;
174,149 I
178,260 !
185,623 !

January
February...
March
April

43,141
40,814
46.634 j
44.635

May
June
July..'
August

September..
October
November..
December..

21,808

34,423 i

1918 m o n t h l y a v .

1921.
May
June
July
August

1,484
1,437
1,512
1,714
2,514

40,548
40,461
41,109

1,592
1,389
763
1,565
1,383

237,546

34,676

218,420

343,946

46,926

260,265

386,202

2.197

1,487

297,526

2.279

1,747

3.404

2,024

1.704

1,218

1.796

1,445

329,821
406,879
429,462
516,853

1.500 1,405
1.188 1,471
1,162
5,806 ; I.OOO
5,582 • 1.000 952

448,568
430,344
119,642
431,577

39,859
38,128
27,383
47,831

354,263
445,025
457,758
503,513

800,496
750,644
684,237
567,646

2.250

788
752
899
1,108

416,913
440,956
431,887
439,031

35, 055
47,116
45,867
35,990

438,084
454,992
350,548
313,001

515,326
456,270
496,590
586,087

18,364
16,852
17,274
18,663

2.250
2.250
2.250
2.250

1,151
1,143
1,323
1,442

444,623
398,223
472.278
472,920

49,856
38,170
52,814
58,007

282,717
705,711
262,926
807,379
380,407
854,232
385,204 i 892,568

48.571
48,192
50,093
52,831

18,587
16,977
17,068
13, 868

2.250
2.250
1.925
1.250

1,511

1,709

513,659
525,941
569,711
549,958

55, 824
53,835
58,631
36,010

499,542
506,964
566,112
583,688

160 ! 6 6,462
154 ! 7,408
147 j 7,364
143 7,713

49.572
53,240
54,072
57,181

11,367
13,989
12,085
12,240

1.250

1,572
1,388
1,450
1,197

536,492
566.279
567,101
58$, 050

44,846
42,757
41,572
47,223

507,935 i 690,051
490,393
723,584
481,280
770,724
434,400
883,793

7,667
8 4,368
5,840
4,965

57,929
« 49,691
57,591
55,698

11,960
10,175
13,222
12,682

1.208
1,094
1,248
1,521

623,823
568,652
630,701
019,043

58,505
66,968
68, .506
65,655

443,128
373,564
432,447
487, 837

1,002,857

146 i

5,918

12,297
11,943

582,554

1,328,533

633,505

1,263,583

6,895

80,693

674.019

1,165,389

148

7,580

631, 705
636,734
636,912
648,955

70,398

148

1.525
1.450
1.450
1.450

71,153

5,882

58,020
54,390
61,192
62,447

1,871

157 !

76,658

692,186

1,053,856

152

6,022
6,681

60,447
63,102

11,282

1.345
1.238

1,278
1,143

623,733

72,352

655,388

972,695

34,873 i
43,732 j
43,748 |
48,863 ;

9,139

11,635

14,026 j
17,122 |

1.000
1.550
2.125

30,667 286,320 472,411
464,485
52,979
354,848
630,757
43,817
376,382
791,022
48,295
447,104

1922.

46.593 |

261,395 j .

46,521 !

262,707 ;.

September
October
November
December
1923.

45,291 !

263,761 i

47,885 j
47,531 j
50,137

265,073 j
265,017 j
264,578 j

January

51,467 :

February
March

48,413 i
56,132;

A pril

58,133 |

263,235 j
258,781 |
267,209
272,616

May....
June
July....
August.
September..
October
November..
December..

61.962
61,491
65,247

!

307,208
315,356

159 I

8 144
139
143

155

1.250
1.250
1.250
i

12,119
13,019

11,530

1.350

1.725
1.850
1.825

1,654
1,798

1,830
1,733
1,465

i
i
j
I

856,607
824,966
772,909
703,738

1,130,341
1,259,209
1,336,418

82,504

See footnotes on opposite page also.
Mexican petroleum shipments from the three ports, Tampieo, Port Lobos, and Tuxpam, form the best current measure of Mexican oil production.
" Exports of gasoline/' as used by the Bureau of Mines, includes the items "gasoline" and a i l " other naphtha, etc.," as reported by the U. S. Department of Commerce,
less exports to the Philippine Islands.
6
Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect; remaining nine days included in October.
7
Stocks held by refiners.
8
Imports of crude petroleum beginning February, 1923, exclude topped oil; on this basis the January, 1923, imports were only 5,069,000 barrels. Consumption calculated on the now basis was 56,210,000 barrels hi January, 1923, while days' supply was 140 at the end of December, 1922, and 13S at the end of January, 1923. on this basis.
9
Based on total for comparison.
4
6




80
PETROLEUM PRODUCTS.
Table 27.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced typa,]

KEROSENE
OIL.

Y E A R AND M O N T H .

! GAS AND FUEL LUBRICATING I
OIL.
OIL.
!!

Produc- Stocks. Produc- Stoeks. i Produc-1 Stocks.
tion.
tion.
tion.

KEROSENE
OIL.
Production.

GAS AND FUEL
OIL.
Production.

Stocks.

Stocks.

Relative to 1919.

Stoeks.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

2 81
71
100
89
151
172

1917 m o n t h l y average.
1918 monthly average..
1919 monthly
1920 m o n t h l y
1921 monthly
1922 monthly

Production.

Thousands of gallons.

A . - I N D E X NUMBERS.

LUBRICATING
OIL.

average..
average..
average..
average..

85
99
100
124
104
116

2 76
133, 501
89 j 152,113
195,136
100
193,341
85
143 1 162,091
143
192,194

2 521,273
404,847

610,116

524,036

2 621,860
548,221

60,137
70,122

2122,526
144,234

300,583

635,607

770,362

70,563

161,491

379,472
402,522
301,618

738,454
805,318
892,1S6

687,858
1,164,926
1,327,662

87,220
73,155
81,503

137,212
231,172
230,078

183,813
201,628
223,414
249,593

139
143
149
153

132
115
119
128

120
129
130
137

122
103
103
108

114
125
13S
155

205,375
163,082
169,248
156,157

418,748
430,045
446,367
458,667

836,684
732,542
758,335
813,444

921,028
993,127
1,005,318
1,056,485

85,909
72,432
73,003
76,457

74
73
71
74

151
145
137
130

129
130
127
123

151
162
165
161

89
93
94

162
162
160
150

145,225
141,637
13*, 724
143,652

452,438
435,057
412,202
389,893

817,368
826,355
807,428
784,450

1,163,389
1,248,664
1,269,419
1,243,446

70,000
63,089
65, 893
66,473

261,760
260,883
25K, 638
242,530

September..
October
November..
December..

79
94
90
87

124
111
113
113

124
131
126
136

160
161
166
173

98
108
109
117

143
134
141
134

151,017
1S2,454
175,240
170,315

371,235
334,580
340,026
341,009

788,408
833,775
799,257
865,769

1,229,254
1,238,269
1,279,451
1,331,265

69,053
75,971
77,005
82,573

230,227
210,770
228,038
216,766

January..
February.
March
April

89
86
92
97

109
110
107
108

135
120
134
125

171
172
162
167

172,917
167,220
178,785
18*, 809

327,484
331,423
321,428
325,836

858,111
761,0S5
849,106
791,643

1,319,481

104
103

152
157
147
147

1,321,589
1,250,278
1,2S2, 801

74,314
09,123
73,391
72,945

245,231
253,568
236,886
237,230

May....
June
July....
August.

89
99
94

100
106
108
95

147
142
151
149

172
172
176
177

113
114
130
126

140
141
140
137

173,824
]7.V).r>0
192,924
184,383

318,890
317,574
324,586
285,520

936,742
903,057
959,029
944,289

1,321,438
1,320,940
1,358,870
1,366,612

79,848
80,138
91,715
88,824

226,293
220,004
220,091
220,008

101
110
120
116

90
85
86
94

144
145
140
153

177
178 _
176
169

110
124
127
127

133
135
140
146

197, 935
215,203
234,436
220,239

270,577
256,259
257,S79
281,050

917, 858
921,606
891,590
972,111

1,364,957
1, 368, 749
1,352,348
1, 304, 728

82,057
87,341
89,271
89,785

214,728
217,775
220,130
235,735

164
166
163
165

123

149
MS
146
145

212,447
180,375
1 (J0, 701
IK I, IMS

275,437
272,703
283,340
273, 005

989,376

1,265,074

902,503

1,270,876

970,891

I 1,254,122

976,706

j 1,272,5)78

87,07S
240,690
77, 498 I 238,859
90, 745
2-55,203
90, o«;»;j
23 1,700

140
139
r.jy

1S9,177
179,074
INN,220
ISO,219

272,672
261,301
201), 460
243,618

900,106

j 1,240,002

970,870
1,010,658

1,321,025
1,100,SI 4
1,462,1S2

]«.)3.0SS

2:JS,024

1,032,591

1,481,204

September..
October
November..
December..

I

1933.
92
91
94
91

156
142

97
92
96
95

91
88
90
81

152
153
166
159

162
172
1S2
190

149
136

99

79

162

192

124

January..
February.
March
April

109
92

May....
June....
July....
August.
September.,
October
November..
December..




no
129
12*1

124

1,053,243

136
133

i Data from U. S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines; stocks arc roiiners' holdings at end of month.
*Six months' avorage, July-December, inclusive.

105, 303
95,720
9V.;oi
87,'202
87,172

220,2N0
225,137
224, 052
220,419
215,013

81
AUTOMOBILES.
Table 28.—(A) INDEX NUMBEKS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]]

Relative to L920.

Relative to 1919.

Relative to 1920.

A.—INDEX

Carloads.

PH

w

H
Thousands of dollars.

N u m b e r of m a c h i n e s .

NUMBERS.

Automobile
accessories
and parts.

D
2

en

Automobile
trucks and
wagons.

Q

s
(A

INTERNAL REVENUE
TAXES < ON—
issenger automobiles and
motor cycles.

y boat.

5
u

riven away.

o
a

PRODUCTION.*

C
Q

H

CH

SHIPMENTS.'

y railroad.

C
$
(9

Automobile
accessories
and parts.

a
%>

rucks.

y boat.

5

Automobile
trucks and
wagons.

assenger automobiles and
motor cycles.

i

I

y railroad.

YEAR AND
MONTH.

INTERNAL REVENUE TAXES < ON—

PRODUCTION, s

SHIPMENTS.'

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

1Q1Q Trio a v

28

7 !

38,458

1Q |4 rr\o a,V

33

8

45 307

1 958
o U5
6 167

1 qi fj m o a v

1916 mo av
1917 mo. av..
1918 mo av
1919 mo av
1920 mo. av..
1921 mo. av..
1922 mo. av..
1921.
September...
October
November...
December...
1922.
January
February
March
April

77

49

23

16 048

68 218

108

90

28

22 598

124,468

7 500

107

105

41

22,462

145 066

10 680

77,199

18 938

64

56

72

113

1OO

1OO

5 84

5 90

114

102

1OO

1OO

1OO

100

1OO

1OO

13 456
» 101

138,138 26*364

23 726

20,922

39,239

78

31

40

93

47

61

54

79

16,290

12,037

132

64

103

141

77

90

63

69

27,602

25,397

91

35

63

105

53

35

53

159

19,002

13,840

85

33

47

98

50

63

41

107

17,808

12,971

68

27

30

77

40

78

52

79

14,264

59

19

4

51

33

57

38

67

12, 310

4,698
1,859
4,843

156,930

26,837

127,933

12,264

194, 980

20,523

144,670

13,978

134 774

13 149

10,528

2,959
2,226
1,402

106,081

10,487

7,501

188

70,727

8,656

73

19

3

59

36

37

36

41

15,357

7,479

143

81,696

9,576

94

26

4

79

51

37

31

56

19,636

10,173

180

109,171

13,350

133

43

12

111

76

55

39

63

27,753

16,917

560

152,962

20 022

150

57

63

143

86

63

58

52

31,334

22,381

2,960

197,224

22,640

May
June
July . .
August

160

73

158

168

91

98

78

63

33,416

28, 827

24 097

78

168

190

100

113

99

71

34,230

33,857

7,406
7,737
7,030
10,104

232 462

158

263 053

26 29S

225 086

22 046

249 492

21 692

September...
October
November...
December...

139

1923.
January
February
March
April
...
May .
Juno
July
August

72

150

163

84

52

49

73

29,116

28,100

157

94

213

181

94

125

105

84

32,817

36,768

126

77

173

136

74

103

61

90

26,335

30,177

130

90

162

157

83

166

71

82

27,100

35,203

130

70

108

156

83

80

72

84

27,232

27,376

129

70

28

151

77

73

61

72

26,900

27,500

8,118
7,605
5,070
1,300

168

77

15

162

75

111

63

30,031

728

111

19

184

84

84

56

76
82

35,228

173

36,165

43,613

215

161

41

231

134

116

57

79

44,983

62,988

220

154

107

249

144

81

56

80

46,095

60,467

159

273

254

166

173

96

82

45,399

62,346

151

287

244

156

166

98

77

40,550

59,099

156

119

216

215

116

194

108

77

32,623

46,827

183

September...
October

217
194

. .

117

214

228

117

74

56

74

38,319

45,958

172

101

180

216

109

132

67

66

35,986

39,653

199

100

170

242

114

120

79

85

41,700

39,200

187,694

19,462

217 566

21 795

215,352

21,949

208,010

20,354

882

223,819
254,773

19,720
22,161

1,908
5,027

319,770
344,639

35,260

12,812
13,492
10,131
10,053
8,463
8,000

38,056

350,410

43,678

337,3(>2

41,145

297,330

30,663

314,373

30,829

298,911

28,632

334,966

30,141

6 $5 824

6,967
4,270
5,821

2,465
4,414
5,427
3,999
2,567
2,606
3,845
4,377
6,834
7,848
3,632
8,699

6$1 138 6 $4 305
1,263 4,250
687
3,374
799
2,946

670
514
655
474

457
397
487
731
981

1,254
613

1,324

6,777
4, 565
3,357
2,863
1,751
2,385
2,674
2,231
2,684
3,016
3,123
3,555

7,190
11,587
5,559
5,112

770

7,732
5,887
8,070
5,621

799

12,079
11,568
13,501
5,135

1,216
1,238
1,360
701

3,504
3,264
3,265
3,160

9,209
8,359

852

2,78(5

891
915
765

710
725
713

1,003

3,813
3,479
3,576
3,066
3,243
3,476
3,378
3,394

3,614

December...
Automobile shipments from National Automobile Chamber of Commerce; current automobile production data from U.a. jjcpanmeni oj commerce, nurcau oj the
. IS. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the
TT a m
Tational Automobile Chamber of Commerce; internal revenue taxes on automobiles nd accessories from U. S. Treasury Departand """" :— '
—~
^
Census; yearly figures 1913 1921 from N
ment, Bureau of Internal Revenue.
it
oj
lievenue.
* Represents shipments from factories covering almost the entire automobile production of the United States.
3
° Total of membership of the National A utomobile Chamberuj y^uuvuovi n., HJ wiui^ii t aretiu.u.cu r reportstu m e jiwTOWofthc Census from outside m a n u f a c t u r e r s , representing
'l'otai oi iin.uiiuuraui|j wi un.; i> UKWIW ^I uwmuui-u- KIIWIUUII of Commerce, to which « ^ added t p u r t s to the Bureau oj
practically complete production. Annual figures through 1921 represent complete production as compiled by National Automobile Chamber of Commerce. Monthly figures
from January, 1920, through June, 1921, have been estimated by the Cleveland Trust Company on the basis of shipments and are given in detail in the July, 1923, issue (No.
23) of the Survey of Current Business.

68690°—23




6

82

RUBBER.
Table 29.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.
[Base years in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page]
AUTOMOBILE TIRES.'
1

Pneumatic tires.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Raw material
consumed.

Solid tires.

Inner tubes.

ShipShipProduc- Stocks ments, Produc- Stocks ments, Produc- Stocks
(end of
(end of
(end of
tion.
tion* month). domestion. month;. domesmonth).
tic.
tic.

j
1
1

1NOIA RUBBKR.*
!

i Wholesale

i price,
Imports. Para
Ship- 1
Island,
ments, i
Crude
New
domes- Fabrics. rubber.
York.
tic.

3 37

100
123
1 191
; 233
1
350

i

329

1916 m onthiv av

(end of
month).

~
i
Relative
Relative I o l 9 1 3 .
to 1921.

Relative to 1921.
I"13 monthly av
1914 monthly av . . .

Stocks
in
United
Kingdom

!

1OO
70
(59
S3
SO

1
3 150

19'^0 monthlv av
1921 monthly av
1922 monthly av

3 123

100

1OO

1OO

1OO

141

110

128

141

May

110

100

109

98

June
July
August

127

99

139

92

145

134

107

93

152

190

68

402

00
23

1OO

S343
1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

489
358

133

185

84

131

138

152

580

23

102

102

99

115

91

117

117

"47

22

103

141

80

104

113

120

IIS

359

20

103

08

157

95

95

127

280

20

105

100

158

94

152

W2
171

I

80

143
100

j

343

20

108

1

358

22

107

493

20

104

530

27

106

007

2(3

104

100
132

104

141

281

!

191S monthly av

U

I

September
October
NovemlKH* .
l>eeml>er

104

1

100

145

N4

115

10:;

70

114

120

101

88

71

104

93
88

70

94

114

67

131
123

113
103

109

88

75

79

95

98

104

92

104

110

114

73

90

95

101

113

99

S4

104

115

82

114

76

115

118

j

559

24

100

115

111

82

115

134

74

112

79

84

100

103

|

091

20

100

140

123

109

134

153

91

140

79

110

141

149

1

005

20

98

132

130

110

117

158

102

132

75

119

129

135

j

419

21

101

150
150

131

13S

132

157

128

103

74

13 x

152

102

1

370

22

103

120

104

139

135

173

187

74

144

151

105

21

105

130

115

141

130

124

15S

°02

70

137

144

157

589

21

105

100

110

159

109

114

184

23S

82

158

Kit

188

!

503

22

105

138

109

131

155

113

155

234

87

152

130

157

i

«459

21

103

147

111

130

108

120

, 149

242

93

102

150

172

!

770

24

100

150

125

171

130

134

243

102

140

135

100

503

27

100

140

118
109

154

151

125

167

218

100

147

142

101

101

May

June
July
August

..

1923.
January
February.
March
. ..
April
.

107

84

97

1923.
January
February
Alareh
Auril

September
October
November
December

79

100

109
i

1

778

106

172

111

157

175

128

164

236

114

13S

104

191

177

124

130

179

148

131

213

117

144

177

191

213

135

174

210

109

107

220

115

175

203

232

m

36

92

195

144

156

189

184

154

202

113

105

187

214

719

34

S6

May

201

104

145

191

203

149

219

110

153

192

200

J i uie
July
August

103

107

131

159

195

156

205

123

119

151

170

. .

820

34

|

107

38

I

102

830
!

31

80

8f'O

31

75

110

... .

September
October
Novern ber
December

154

133

110

162

172

120

114

103

102

119

402

30

73

130

144

147

158

152

188

136

114

104

122

137

443

29

71

112

128

138

144

141

161

105

108

105

99

119

26S
409

30
27

|

See footnotes on opposite page also.
1
Data furnished by the Rubber Association of America. The number of firms has increased from 30 in November, 1920, to a maximum of 00 iu 1922. It is stated fey
the Rubber Association that this variation ia the number of firms does not change the totals to any great degree, except for the omission of the Firestone Tire Company
beginning in Septeniber, 1921.
3
India-rubber imports, inducing latex, from 77. S. Dep&rtmnt of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce; wholesale prices, average weekly, from U.S.
Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics; stocks in United Kingdom, aggregating stocks at wharves and warehouses iu London arid iu six recognized'public warehouses at Liverpool from the Rubber Growers7 Association (British).




83
RUBBER.
Table 30.—NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
AUTOMOBILE TIRES.*
Inner tubes.

Pneumatic tires.
YEAR AND
MONTH.

Production.

ShipStocks
ments, Produc(end of
domestic. tion.
month).

ShipStocks
(end of
ments,
month). domestic.

Raw material
consumed.

Solid tires.

Production.

ShipStocks ments,
(end of domes- Fabrics.
month).
tic.

Number.

Crude
rubber.

Per
pound.

Pounds.

1913 mo. a v .
1914 mo. a v .

INDIA RUBBER.* Stocks
in
United
Kingdom
(end of
month).
Imports.

Long
tons

9,656,720 $0,807
» 658,946

» 668,448

11,922,097

.616

1915 mo. a v .

18,456,827

.557

1916 mo. a v .

22,507,517

.669

1917 mo. a v .

33,803,190

.648

1918 mo. a v .

27,163,276

.549

44,661,702

.483

47,212,178

.333

3 2,771,284

1919 mo. a v . 2,736,292

121,234

1920 mo. a v .
1921 mo. a v . 1,818,315 4,213,384

1,905,616

2,258,517

35,854

230,862

43,960

6,696,317

17,922,039

34,606,109

.182

76,529

3,054,703

65,550

193.388

57,404

9,257,355

27,301,029

56,594,921

.183

78,297

4,568,067 (2,292,287

2,558,178

4,866,757

2,435,158 I 3,178,098

2,100,917

4,451,668

2,0S5,882

2,210,040

4,751,880

2.342,567

35,156

264,633

•40,122

7,863,738

21,050,554

23,890,838

.179

78,833

2,313,265

4,154,456

2,643,850

2,359,928

3,83.), 098

3,232,673

28,395

240,336

49,867

8,044,486

21,207,555

34,624,748

.164

78,465

2,570,524

3,892,037

2,757,581

3,020,981

3,122,815

3,603,248

35,123

220,003

55,678

9,565,128

23,719,637

27,647,874

.164

80,702

3,043,187

3,934,583

2,894,422

4,430,152

3,649,319

3, 804,060

55,694

216,367

66,866

11,131,256

30,634,353

33,103,804

.165

82,844

September..
October
November..
December..

1,929,268

3,340,798

2,047,929

3,274, 822

3,827,830

2,645,758

37,441

161,832

50,276

7,580,858

19,476,415

34,546,411

.174

82,077

1,928,271

3,545,030

1,675,169

2, 843,918

4,732,016

2,016,371

46,274

163,299

45,911

6,905,681

19,602,342

47,642,303

.210

79,373

1,756,555

3,908,342

1,342,519

2,126,211

5, 203,568

1,540,299

43,537

173,451

34,556

6,349,808

17,608,993

51,731,184

.215

81,091

1,839,738

3,696,519

1,980,264

2,070,098

4,731,021

2,522,710

40,478

168,515

39,520

6,365,014

18,049,077

58,644,821

.211

79,661

January
February...
March
April....

2,055,134

4,174, 216

1,596,806

2,343,393

5,246,647

1,889,724

40,224

181,769

33, 294

7,706,622

21,180,446

54,010,946

.193

76,539

2,084,308

4,691,329

1,562,365

2, 596,774

6,141,956

1,702,583

39,492

183,448

36,805

6,710,973

18,466,916

66, 744,240

.163

76,337

2,645,790

5,183,286

2,073,963

3,017,511

6,991,118

2,090,737

49,433

182,197

48,350

9,431,205

26,771,245

64,215,222

.161

75,332

2,401,187

5,464,336

2,086,651

2,650,573

7,230,096

2,329,343

46,664

173, 748

52,309

8,623,915

24,125,450

43,407,359

.171

77,142

May
June
July
August

2,721,503

5,523,095

2,639,273

2,970,696

7,189,552

2,938,947

57,640

170,904

60,711

10,161,225

29,068,462

35,727,058

.176

79,148

2,838,890

5,042,147

3,133,260

3,130,629

6,186,534

3.973,679

66,089

169,808

63,408

10,119,500

29,654,934

50,952,024

.169

80,658

2,476,636

4,834,106

2,695,095

3,088,199

5,675,839

3,630, 744

71,505

176,375

60,425

9,616,542

28,180,511

56,854,758

.172

80,412

2,905,209

4, 629, 392

3,029,823

3, 808, 224

5,207,228

4,220,055

84,313

189,698

69,435

11,005,868

33,738,981

54,332,275

.176

80,259

September.
October
November.
December.

2,504,744

4,612,037

2,502,106

3,501,442

5,164,757

3,558,971

82,767

200,016

66,797

9,131,868

.171

79,124

2,674,662

4,682,958

2,588,770

3,787,758

5,488,033

3.420,680

85,480

213,942

71,275

10,064,943

28,051,063 ^44,344,862
30,893,542 74,315,183

.196

76,763

2,733,134

4,964,976

2,379,708

3, 850,908

6,210,053

3.075,023

85,775

234,684

61,466

9,014,858

28,671,802

54,343,659

.219

76,757

2,656,942

4,599,208

2,934,079

3,411,074

5,732,125

3, 825,949

77,221

244,061

64,570

9,500,735

28,809,000

75,164,624

.223

81,081

1922 mo. a v .

1921.
May
June
July
August

1923.
January...
February..
March
April

6,038,662

3,127,270

4,695,916

2,994,297

3,951,885

5,838,310

3,748,651

83,343

262,462

60,611

10,997,350

34,186,395

79,763,620

.272

82,144

3,217,987

5,224,387

2,588,639

4,039,202

6,771,958

3,001,697

75,457

270,191

63,394

11,833,502

34,235,455

60,379,290

.307

78,385

3, 865,726

5,670,601

3,322, 926

4,875,414

7,740,945

3,828,315

79,788

265,843

77,144

13,596,336

41,693,860

69,280,706

.290

70,649

3,539,326

6,088,272

2,976,160

4,259,558

8,394,184

3,535,635

71,468

260,631

72,609

12,509,303

38,347,754

69,446,775

.274

65,491

4,317,537

9, 292, 223

May
June
July
August

8,659,986

6,906,594

2, 757, 764

3,414,115

77, 288

268,323

67,147

12,887,909

47,671,276

80,107,447

.249

60,918

2,956,943

7,040,600

2,492,185

3,590,011

8,924,326

3,581,060

72,445

283,425

52,126

10,085,479

32,002,518

79,188,711

.250

57,108

1,992,989

6,471,124

2,539,425

2,625,118

7,396,444

3,942, 247

42,345

263,891

45,219

6,835,725

21,366,823

44,634,798

.239

55,937

2,355,915

6,058,387

2,807, 432

3, o77, 922

6,950,578

4,304,034

48,141

262, 810

45,925

8,177,906

24,597,092

42,741,430

.238

54,427

September .
October...
November.
December.

2,029,581

5,397,557

2,623,775

3,254,575

6,457,455

3,683,574

37,074

249,379

45,971

6,656,493

21,256,043

25,902,645

.246

39,473,412

.215

See footnotes on opposite page also.
3 Computed from census data for the year indicated. The figures are not directly comparable but are given here to show the production of automobile tires as ascertained from the census of manufactures for the jears 1914 and 1919.
• Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect; remaining 9 days included with October.




84
HIDES AND LEATHER—PRODUCTION AND STOCKS.
Table 31.—EfDEX HUKBEBS.
Based on data from Government and n&n-Government source*.
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
STOCKS OF HIDES AND
SKINS.*
YEAR AND
MONTH.

Cattle
hMes.

Calf
and
kip
skins.

Sheep
and
lamb
skins.6

Total
hides
and
skins.

SOLE AND BELTING
LEATHERS
Stoeks
in
Stocks,
end of
month. of tanning.

UPPER LEATHHR.1

Produc- Stocks, Stoeks Producin
tion of
tion of end of
finished month. process finished
of tan- leather.
leather.
ning.

OAK i
SOLE
AND IBOOTS
LEATH- SKIV- UNION I A N D SALES OP
ERS. HAR- !
ER.
SHOES' BELTINGS
NESS.3
Produc- Quantion.
tity.

Production.2

Relative to 1919.

Relative to 1921.

106

1910 m o . av..
1917 m o . av..
191S m o . av..

119
104

<107

1919 m o . av.. l
«108
1920mo.av..I s ioo
1921 m o . av.. I 1 0 0 100
1922 m o . av..!
81
I
1921.
May
Jane
July
August

8 97

«101

100

100

8 83
100

83

8 103
100
91

«93
100

[
|
i
|
I

109
105
94
95

103
103
97
91

101
104
104
106

107
105
95
95

105
102
102
100

September..!
October
|
November..
December...

89
87
84
84

92
91
88
84

96
99
101

90

101

100

104

108

104
99

January
[
February...j
March
j
April
f
i
May
!
June
!
July
J
August

86
82
81
79

82
78
79

93
99
91
90

86
82
81
80

103
106
103
103

95

107

93

94

September..!
October
j
November.. •
December...)

79
83
87
90

1923.
January
February...
March
April

91
97
97
88

May

j

Juno

|

July

|

August

!

77
77
77
77

90
86
84
NO

92
92

79
79
79
79

102
99

80
80
71
69

81
84

90
88
87
87

70
69
65
70

87
93
92
87

70
75
73

88
86
83
80

85
83
73

93
96
97
103
96

72
83
82
85
90
92
89
84

90
90
90
92
92

87
85
£4
85

90

102

90

100

96

100

116

100

113

101

89
91

116

101

113

101

114

98

120

42
39
40
42

44
42
37
36

38
37
32
32

63

43

68

44

37
38
46
45

99
97

83
81
76
86

96
98
82
143

108
108
107
107

116
121
114
127

80
89
95
93

138
132
117
134

52

109
111
107
104

129
121
134
115

90
79
82
72

126
113
129
107

100
102
106
113
107
103
102

100
97

111
171

116
113
108
131

72
75
74
80

107
112
2
108
131

126
141
141
134

79
83
79
79

146
211
145
142

100
98
100

145
135
153
140

88
77
91
90

157
159
181
166

99
95
98
96

142
136
126
134

89
87
88
92

170
162
138
169

97

123

75
81

165
182

100
96
99

110
99

43
42
46
48

92
108
109
121

96
98

100

100

60

101
107
106

8 73

100

100

60

122
40
53

IOO
126

111

98

100

98

IOO
102

102
105

100

100
102
59
110

100
11
0

115

85

100
101
100
101

99

99

IOO
82
80
78

8 95

100
98

108

42

98

60
47
51

59
63

85

66

87

82

J

106

53

99

97

53

95

95

55

101

90

62

2 97

82

69

109

100

83

|

110

102

07

j

112

110

70

!

113

109

66 i

110

101

u \

121

111

117

110

122

130

112

s!

47
53
57
71
58
63
61 j
58 I
:
|
60
71

115

115

102

I

112

111

62

!
;

107

92

65

113

109

66

114

100

69
61
64
65

i

September..!
October
j.
November.. j.

79

73

70

77

96

123

59
63

57
61

See footnotes on opposite page also.
ufaci
in n

orters, and manins are expressed
larly data on leather

hi
been converted to pounds or square feet from reports in skins, sides, backs, butts, pounds, etc.
Prior to July, 1922, these figure?; were compiled by the Tanners' Council. Since July, 1922, they have been compiled by the Bureau of the Census and for skiver and
'"
'
~ "
harness production represent returns from a much larger number of firms than reported to the Tanners' Council. Hence the figures from July, 1922, on arc not directly
n-prese
iess
coin parable with those for preceding months. The index numbers in Table 27 for the months after July, 1922, have been computed by chain relatives and take account
>r
ited
of the percentage variatioi rather than the absolute variation in the iigures. The index numbers pbow the trend of the industries irrespective of the change in the number
•n
of firms reporting.




as
HIDES AND MLVTHER^PRO»IICTI0N> ANI> STACKS.
32.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government' sources.
E Base year in bold-faoed type; index numbers on opposite page.]

STOCKS OF HIDES AND
SKINS.*
YEAR AND
MONTH.

SOLE AND BELTING
LEATHER.)

Calf Sheen, Total I
and
and
hides end of
.hides. kip lamb. and month.
skins. skins.6 skins. |
Gattte

Stocks
in process of
tanning.

ProStocks,
duction of Stocks, in procend of ess of
fintanished month. ning.
leather.

mo.
mo.
mo.
mo.

1919
1920
1921
1922

mo. av.
mo. av. 8340,339 863,139 832,916 8435,477
mo. av. 339,548 58,414
430,897
mo. av. 275,293 52,281 27,452 355,025

dnction of
finished
leather;

av.
av.
av.
av.

1921.
May
June
July
August

OAK
SOLE
AMD BOOTS
LEATH- S K I V - UNION
AND
ERS.
ER.
HAR- 8 SHOES.'
NESS."

Thous.
of pairs.

369,268
356,950
318,678
322,317

59,909 33,335
60,325 34,388
56,424 34,405
53,276 34,760

September.. 301,094 53,821 31,515
296,429 53,022 32,663
October
November.. 285,263 51,562 33,410
December... 283,969 49,083 31,654

823,743 8400,906 8142,136
25,65.7 423,021 164,216
24,557 428,169, 166,770

842,344
57,986
72,963

1,876*286
1,535,290
1,499 225
1,454,780

15,032 95,244
13,274 96,974
16,653 56,266
25,751 104,885

Pounds. Thousof dols.i
754,274
846,664
739,628
767,423

1,653,073 < 16,039 <203,596

l 31,573 8114,810
193,528 111,217
186,434 100,679

SALES OF
BELTINGS

Produc- Q u a n - Value.;
tion.
tity.

Production. 2

Backs,
Thousands of square feet. Wends, and Dozens, Stuffed
sides.
sides.

Thousands of pounds.

1915
1916
1917
1918

UPPER LEATHERS

$899
1,171
1,199
1,354

710,214 1,366
694,899 1,662
548
23,793. 300,090
718
26)990- 427,395.

27,602

462,512 204,137 111,662
451,663 | 197,206 109,378
409,507 | 197,616 110,070
|
410,353 j| 193,670- 108,439
|
l
386,430 ! 193,043 112,462
382,114 I 194,754 116,044
370,235 j! 193,841 115,422
364,706 195,897 110,226

25,242
26,122
25,028
26,985

420,712 162,498
416,553 166,462
417,145 174,941
411,505 175.84S

53,532
62,448
63,217
70,418

1,561,220
1,521,521
1,431,373
1,607,302

14,499
14,753
12,321
21,430

57,480
57,196
44,971
48,286

308,872
300,169
328,514
340,500

572
539
548
570

25,683
27,693
29,544
28,431

408,038
413,375
415>304
415,790

177,12&
177,769
175,566
176,051

67,545
69,901
65,966
73,557

1,507,185
1,676,240
1,789,396
1,753,755

20,683
19,896
17,533
20,149

49,507
55,879
60,002
62,551

23,535
24,133

311,709
299,86:7
262,820
258,852

525
501
439

18,950
17,021
19,461
16,065

1922.
January
February...
March.,..
April

290,331
277,160
274,082
269,828

48,005
45,362
46,416
46,858

30,703 369,039
32,612 355,134
29,852. 350,350
29,591 346,277

199,324
204,471
200,072
199,177

105,712
103,311
99,594
100,258

27,486
24,200
25,275
22,416

422,318 179>574
431,704 181,885
449,915 175,300
477,709 170,179

74,563
70,296
77,510
66>700

1,692,840
1,477,597
1,539,032
1,356,016

59,815
65,067
78,100
94,598

25,120
24,551
29,350
26,852

302,904
314j054
373,610
373,116

510
524
625
615

May
June
July
August

261,935
260,278
261,069
259,982

50,187
53,721
53,828
54,282

27,855
27,428
24,155
28,236

339,977
341,427
339,052
342,500

196,639
192,151
185,927
177,672

99,609
99,295
97,549
97,873

22,576
23,640
23,554
22,822

452,651 164,434
437,151 159,699
432,185 162,337
407,794 165,277

67,275
65,570
62,807
76,067

1,337,147
16,099 90,813
1,407,583 16,815 95,953
1,397,594 2 25,239 U15,561
1,509,364 30,629 130,103

26,227
24,831
22,686
27,676

388,686
441,812
487,469
590,618

636
721
780
967

September..
October
November..
December...

267,232
281,073
294,970
305,570

56,229
56,410
60,096
55,975

26,187
26,403
23,522
22,878

349,648
363,886
378, 588
384,423

174,682 97,555
169,356 100,324
168,771 100,590
168,967 106,481

25,266
26,158
25,644
25,650

413,250 164,191
415,334 158,126
402,569 162, 545
395,450 157,696

73,170
81,875
81,774
77,948

1,490,938
1,550,796
1,482,074
1,473,652

34,046
49,152
33,797
32,993

131,265
133,146
134,589
130,706

28,288
30,366
30,076
27,853

475,380
499,943
467,816
451,957

797
862
826
785

1923.
309,964
January
February... 330,260
March
328,588
April
300,392

42,164
48,259
48,120
49,444

22,971
22,646
21,274
23,187

375,099
401,165
397,982
373,023

168,012 106,960
164,270 111,239
163 061 111,261
164,851 111,084

28,256
25,496
29,806
28,998

392,951
390,357
388,070
391,665

160;941
164,878
161,687
164,116

84,021
78,209
88,721

1,654,064
1,449,040
1,698,783
1,680,810

36,416
36,948
42,139
38,706

144,213
139,365
145,243
132,801

30,744 517,636
30,301 441,863
35,836. 520,379
31,868- 495,315

928
822
972
923

May
June
July..
August

52,637
53,533
52,021
48,873

22,984
24,789
23,934
22,691

380,839
370,471
359,636
343,524

165,862
169,348
173,124
175,441

111,983
111,861
112,101
108,506

29,772
28,991
29,231
30,802

395,660 161.846
393,405 156', 773
391,058 160,555
385,494 157,975

82,164
79,034
72,894
77,746

1,674,024
1,629,810
1,646,592
1,718,317

39,693
37,836
32,129
39,038

136,180
131,736
126,718
134,291

30,926
28,273
25,256
3a, 028

512,573
442,912
460,850
466,258

947
834
877
881

42,792 23,008

333,825

17«,770

106,916

25,200

375,613 159,749

71,234

1,410,729
1,511,772

38,403
42,422

135,836
147,130

27,472

416,510
447,267

784
827

305,218
292,149
283,682
271,960

September.. 268,025
October
November..
December...

"I

See footnotes on opposite page also.
8
Beginning December, 1919, these statistics cover amount of harness leather " stuffed" rather than that produced, but it is stated that the variation between these items
is small.
4
Includes estimated production of firms outside Tanners' Council.
6 Data on sales of oak leather belting from the Leather Belting Exchange, and is estimated to represent from 65 to 75 per cent of the industry.
9
Includes skins with and without wool, but does not include weight of wool.
7 Compiled by U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, from over 1,000 firms each month. Figures for the years 1919 and 1921 are those reported by the
census of manufactures for those years. Production in 1914 totaled 252,516,603 pairs, or an average of 21,043,000 pairs per month.
8
Four months' average, September to December, inclusive.




86

HIDES AND LEATHER—TRADE AND PRICES.
Table 33.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources*
(Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.J
EXPORTS OF
LEATHER.!

WHOLESALE PRICES.3

IMPORTS OF HIDES AND SKINS.i
Hides.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Total
Upper.' boots
and
shoes.

Sole.

Total
hides
and
skins.

1917 monthly average..
1918 monthly average..
1919 monthly average..
1920 monthly average..
1921 monthly average..
1922 monthly average..

Cattle
hides.

Green
WoSole, Chrome Men's
salted,
Calfmen's
Men's
Goat- Sheep- packers' skins,
oak,
calf,
black
dress
black
skins. skins.
calf,
welt
kid,
heavy country scoured,
No. 1 backs, grades blucher tan calf Goodnative
steers
(Chi(Bos(Bos(St.
year
(Bos(Chicago).
ton).
ton).
Louis). welt (St.
ton).
cago).
Louis).

Relative to 1909-1913 average 4

Relative to 1913.
1909-1913, monthly av.
1913 monthly average..
1914 monthly average..
1915 monthly average..
1916 monthly average..

Calfskins.

Boots and shoes.

Leather.

Relative to 1913.

* 1OO

* 1OO

<1OO

« 1OO

* 1OO

100

1OO

1OO

97

94

97

91

107

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

166

77

98

108

82

134

55

104

107

111

105

104

102

104

100

259

101

168

126

60

178

81

118

132

114

112

106

105

106

100

289

120

193

141

77

176

106

160

142

179

143

167

119

127

115

140

70

147

123

36

161

90

132

178

215

185

215

153

180

150

86

44

131

70

9

96

63

83

164

197

177

222

181

178

146

392

192

211

145

79

177

136

134

214

363

204

360

244

245

220
255

72

82

167

99

43

120

82

130

17C

195

191

366

288

257

46

40

89

68

59

78

64

72

76

79

122

193

225

195

169

50

76

54

107

68

141

82

17

98

85

116

164

209

150

145

33

43

50

77

82

85

83

61

77

85

117

195

225

158

167

80

42

38

61

52

58

97

55

80

82

117

194

217

153

158

90

66

36

59

35

62

67

84

86

77

117

186

217

153

158

50

66

67

65

57

70

70

76

90

74

117

186

217

153

158

38

50

38

65

33

83

67

61

90

73

117

173

217

153

158

40

63

46

82

44

122

68

43

87

73

117

173

217

153

158

55

91

54

71

29

78

84

85

76

72

117

158

213

153

158

41

74

55

75

25

85

106

71

73

69

111

154

209

145

140

May

94

90

61

89

39

104

88

121

79

71

111

154

209

145

13S

June..
July

71

91

54

105

63

138

92

100

91

81

115

158

209

145

138

85

76

46

93

53

125

59

28

99

99

115

161

209

145

J38

41

73

52

140

91

194

68

167

109

97

"15

!61

209

145

138

205
204

152

141

153

141

1921.
September
October
November
December
1922.
January
February..

September
October
November
December

nis

33

73

50

'"98

;• 158

&53

33

74

63

161

145

209

116

24

86

60

149

99

211

44

72

63

140

96

186

5

135

116

117

173

125

123

104

119

173

90

119

124

100

117

167

204

153

142

96

110

111

85

117

167

204

153

142

210

153

142

210

153

142

209

153

142

i'09

153

142
142
142

•37

1923.
January
February
March
April

36

79

57

138

67

173

108

178

109

«6

117

69

56

65

114

49

159

71

125

108

S8

117

64

80

73

120

46

148

105

153

105

87

!20

(6)
(6)
(6)

41

83

90

147

62

209

83

155

102

SS

i20

(*)

Mav
June
Julv
August

66

70

94

140

72

183

119

146

101

90

120

163

209

l.">3

72

75

81

134

98

159

121

138

S9

120

163

209

61

73

74

125

i

76

153

127

126

l?0

16:5

/*09

153
]-,.;

67

1
i

51

67

71

104

79
SO

SI
79
78

115

'

44

63

58

87

M

109

163

"02

[.'>:]

142

62

71

61

S3

83

104

163

201

153

142

September
October
November
December




44

59

45

69

69

61

42

64

OS

67

62

84

1
2
8

14?

"09

I

SCQ footnotes on opposite page also.
Data from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
Data from U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, represent average monthly prices,
Includes calf and kip, goat and kid, grain and finished splits.

142

87

HIDES AND LEATHER—TRADE AND PRICES.
Table 34.—NTTMEBICAL DATA.
From Government sources.
[Base year i n bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
EXPORTS OF
HEATHER, i

IMPORTS OF HIDES AND SKINS. 1

WHOLESALE PRICES.*
Hides.

Leather.

Boots a n d shoes.

]

Y E A R AND M O N T H .

Sole.

Upper.

Total
boots
and
shoes.

Total
hides
and
skins.

ThouThouThousands of sands of sands of
pairs.
pounds. sq. ft.

Calfskins.

Cattle
hides.

Goat
skins.

Sheep
skins.

WoGreen,
men's
Men's
Calf- Sole oak,' Chrome Men's
salted,
black
packers' skins, scoured^ cahV'B" black
dress
kid,
welt
calf,
heavy country backs
grades
native No. 1
(Bos(Bos- Blucher tan calf Goodyear
(Chisteers
(St.
(Boston).
ton).
(Chiton).
cago).
Louis). welt _(Si
Louis).
cago).
Dollars per pound.

Thousands of pounds.

« 42,854 < G,815 «19,160 ' 8 , 1 9 9 < 5,289
6,372
18,629
5,684 $ 0 , 1 8 4 80.189
7,473
41,490
25,671
5,576
5,495
6,321
.210
.196
46,350
34,053
4,076
6,257
6,607
.215
.242
53,856
33,683
5,221
8,461
.338
8,686
.262
60,526

1909-I913,monthly a v
1913 monthly average. 2,605
1914monthly average.
4,319
6,751
1915 monthly average.
7,540
1916 monthly average.

8,845
6,834
8,967
10,623

842
827
1,412
1,623

3,657
2,229
10,222
1,869
1,198
1,300

6,175
3,908
17,023
7,288
3,559
6,744

1,237
1,100
1,7S0
1,403
717
451

52,589
30,158
62,070
42,499
29,003
45,938

2,465
632
5,380
2,928
3,995
4,630

30,890
18,421
33,940
22,922
15,015
27,035

7,409
5,197
11,138
6,684
5,260
6,745

6,999
4,372
7,086
6,896
3,822
5,136

.327
.301
.393
.312
.139
.180

1921.
September
October
November
December

858
2,072
2,347
1,311

3,822
3,682
5,874
5,843

417
321
301
560

32,806
26,243
25,149
27,686

5,427
3,544
2,411
3,907

16,327
11,064
11,816
13,: 537

6,772
7,949
5,468
5,757

3,222
2,898
4,440
4,031

1922.
January
February
March
April

1,036
1,435
1,070

4,403
5,595
8,078
6,578

322
390
455
463

27,833
35,190
30,344
31,935

2,272
3,013
1,971
1,702

15,934
23,286
14,908
16,348

5,530
5,563
6,908
8,708

May....
June
July....
August..

2,450
1,845
2,210
1,064

7,981
8,046
6,731
6,478

515
454
389
434

38,118
45,133
39,742
59,881

2,624
4,268
3,616
6,229

19,907
20,491
23,960
37,192

September.
October
November.
December..

858
860
635
1,156

6,438
6,584
7,628
6,391

421
529
501
533

6 50,587
OS,892
63,650
59, 951

6 0,689
9,870
0, 764
6,547

1923.
January
February
March
April

932
1,796
1,677
1,071

7,021
4,992
7,049
7,341

478
548
016
759

59.327
49,033
51,414
63, '2G0

May
June
July
August..

1,710
1,876
1,598
1,146

6,174
6,631
6,466
5,177

78S
681
627
526

September.
October
November..
December..

1,179
1,085

6,086
5,657

585
573

1917 monthly average.
19LS monthly average.
1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average.
1921 monthly average.
1922monthly average.

.406
.371

Dollars
per
sq. ft.

$ 0 , 4 4 4 $0,270
.471
.280
.504
.285
.639
.450

Dollars per pair.

$3.11
3.17
3.25
3.71

$3.17 $3.00
3.28
3.00
3.35
3.00
4.01
3.44

.149
.160

.831
.796
.913
.855
.547
.519

.579
.598
.970
.985
.521
.443

4.75
5.63
7.60
8.95
7.00
6.51

5.68
5.65
7.77
8.14
5.18
4.74

4.50
4.38
6.60
7.66
5.06
4.34

.141
. 148
.158
.165

.160
.155
.145
.140

.525
.525
.525
.525

.525
.525
.500
.500

7.00
6.75
6.75
0.75

5.00
4.85
4.85
4.85

5.00
4.75
4.75
4.75

3,213
2,294
4,517
3,780

. 165
.160
.139
.134

.138
.138
.135
.131

.525
.525
.525
.500

.465
.465
.425
.415

6.75
6.75
6.62
6.50

4.85
4.85
4.85
4.60

4.75
4.75
5. 75
4.19

7,228
7,508
4,801
5,540

0,375
5,297
1,465
8,841

.146
.108
.182
.201

.134
.152
.186
.182

.500
.515
.515
.515

.415
.425
.435
.435

6.50
6.50
6.50
6.50

4.60

4.60

4.15
4.15
4.15
4.15

o 30,220
40,087
40,430
35,047

5 4,369
9,514
7,408
7,858

•7,144
6,625
6,268
5,817

.213
.227
.228
.204

. 183
.197
.189
.160

.525
. 535
. 525
. 525

.465
.465
.450
.450

6.40
6. 35
6.35
6.35

4.81
4.85
4.85
4.85

4.23
4.25
4.25
4.25

4,59o
3,332
3,144
4,231

33,126
30,535
28,301
40,024

8,854
5,832
.8,638
G, 839

9,397
6,008
8,070
8,182

.200
.199
.193
.188

.167
.163.
.166

.525
.525
.540
.540

6.55
6.55
6.50
0. 50

4.85
4.85
4.85
4.85

4.25
4.25
4.25
4.25

60,151
57,231
53,515
28,868

4, S90
6,688
5,212
3,472

35,150
30.377
29,384
12,7ii3

9,783
9,933
10,382
5,782

7,709
7,323
6,643
5,512

.187
. 163
.140
.147

.171
.153
.149
.147

.540
.540
.540
.515

<i. 50
6. 50
6. 50
6.50

4.85
4.S5
4.85
4.85

4.25
4.25
4. 25
4. 25

25,950

2,977
4,202

12,157
13,582

4,755
4,992

4,595
4,391

.141
.164

. 152
.156

.490
.465

6. 28
6.25

4.85
4.85

4. 25
4.25

.440
.440
. 440
. 440
.440
.440

4.60
4.60

See footnotes on opposite page also.
* Represent five-year (1909-1913) monthly average imports for total hides and skins, total goatskins and total sheepskins. Calfskins and cattle hides based on four-year
average, 1910-1913.
first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect; remaining 9 clays intituled with October.
> No quotation.




88

NEWSPRINT PAPER AND PRINTING.
Table 35.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NITMEEICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]

PRINT- BOOK PUBLICATION.
ING.

NEWSPRINT PAPER.

Y E A R AND M O N T H .

Stocks!

Production.

J! mills.

ImExports. ports.

Total
activity.3

American Imman- ported
ufac- books. 5
ture.*

Production.

Relative to

Stocks

Shipments.

!j

1913.

Relative to
1913.

Relative to 1919.

:

end of
month
at
mills.

1916 m o n t h l y a v .
1917 monthly a v .
1918 m o n t h l y a v .
1919 m o n t h l y
1920 m o n t h l y
1921 m o n t h l y
1922 m o n t h l y

av.
av.
av.
av.

99

100
141
128
178
217

97
125
95

271
286
332
360
468

224
255
10(5
39
60

72
SO
S3
88

130
111
107
1J3

241
252
361
405

51
17
30
35

83
95
91
93

126
96
97
100

413
407
435

31
20
35
44

84
88
93

90
111
84 j 116
102
118
100
104

450
450
426
422

78
93

90
85
91
88

64
78
74

99

6 163
6 133

92

92

100

100
110

100
109
89

100

89
105

105

American
Imman- | ported5
ufac-4 i books.
ture.
Titles.

113,858

38,998
6 31,713

18,820
26,290
30,701
39,019
46,593

106,049
! 105,024
j
| 114,543 114,880
125,215
| 125,997
103,172
; 102,103
|
121,035
; 120,641
|

24,035
23,929
23,324
29,940
22,837

49,689
52,311
60,822
6(5,040
85,772

8,062
9,189
3,822
1,403
2,153

648
621
581
604

75
67
81
113
116

82,776
92,293
95,357
100,668

31,198
26,629
25,519
27,128

44,238
46,220
66,118
74,211

1,854
601
1,066
1,261

383
495
7S0
469

80
94
99
70

98,898
101,884
104,604
107,877

95,785
109,110
104,492
107,070

30,241
23,015
23,127
23,934

72,004
75,598
74,544
79,637

1,117

515
717
530
672

103
84

105,S08
97,786
117,507
111,861

103,192
96,521
117,142
115,167

26,550
27,815
28,180
24,874

82,482
82,390
78,031
77,369

2,537
836
2,791
3,345

635
606

79
112
111
119

129,950
127,230
120,839
133,236

130,043
128,644
123,050
134,490

24,781
23,367
21,156
19,902

81,352
84,337
80,337
81,780

2,576
2, 903
2,139
1,940

346
f>S5
538 !
415 I

46
88
113
103

125,402 i 126,494
130,G82 ! 129,749
128,077
127,983
119,847
119,404

18,S10
19,745
19,651
19,208

7

66,570
118,010
98,115
98,494

2,299
1,131
1,280
2,059

650
742
732

21124
123

127, 452
114,611
129,294
116,719

123,656
114,415
132,292
118,023

23,004
23,197
20,180
18,876

106,988
89.495
112,340
111,712

1,064
1,194
1,989
1,475

638
823
519
596

94
76
90
89

100
116
95
66
53

80
76
71
74

36
33
30
bb
56

47
61
96
58

39
46
Ah
34

78,868
87,724
94,247
102,277

63
88
65

89
41
50
41
38
54
54
5S

100

78
88

Exports.

NUMERICAL DATA.

144
168
213
254

100

1913 monthly a v .

Imports.2

Short tons.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.

1914 monthly a v .
1915 m o n t h l y a v .

BOOK PUBLICATION.

NEWSPRINT PAPER.

6

113,251

3,601
5,066
4,597
6,395
7,822

814

206

763
616
733
728

238
195
136
110

1931.
May....
June
July....
August.

82

September.
October
November..
December..

89
91
94

62

704
1,256
1,599

1922.
January
February
March
April

92
85
103

May
June
July....
August.

113
113
111
112
105 I 307
116 I 117
I

104
98
88
83

444
460
439
446

72
SI

95
88
76
87

43
72
66
51

September
October
November
December

109
114
112
104

110
113
111
104

79
83
82
80

363
6ii
536
538

64
31
36
57

85
94
94
88

80
91
90
113

January
February
March
April

111
100
113
102

108
100
115
103

96

584
489
613
310

30
33
55
41

97
94
97
99

68
78
101
64

May....
June
July....
August.

121
119
117 | 115
110
108
116
112

42
46
27
28

96
83
77
84

73
86
48
60

43
60
47
40

138,S68
133,692
125,768
132,604

136,979
132,311
124,322
129,173

20,832
19,514
21,237
25,674

115,143
105,530
103,130
115,909

1,496

82
89
107

629
576
563
G33

96
109

103
92

601
625

33
31

90
95

81
67

110,209
122,073

110,240
124,895

24,663
21,934

110,134
114,424

105
60
60

564
521

918

|

I

151

1933.

September.
October
November..
December..

107

551

81
88
87 |

92 j
i

88
124

1,652

701

980

387

999

491

97
83

1,194

730

166

1,124

775

139

1
Newsprint data prior to May, 1923, from the Federal Trade Commission; since t h e n these figures have been taken from t h e Newsprint Service Bureau, covering almost
t h e entire i n d u s t r y . I m p o r t s a n d exports from the U. $. Dc-parlimnt of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce; P r i n t i n g activity from United Tvpotlietae
of America: book publication from the Publishers'
Weekly.
2 Prior to Sept. 1, 1916, includes only paper valued at not above 2.5 cents per p o u n d ; from Sept. 1, 1916, t o A p r . 24,1920, not above 5 cents per pound, a n d from Apr.

24, 1.20, to date not above 8 cents per pound.
i- F
.
i
• Printing activities based on productive hours reported by plants in 52 cities in 30 States, each department being weighted for the combined index,
between 10 and 15 per cent of the books manufactured in America are new editions, the remainder being new books; while about 95 per cent of the books manufactured
in this country arc by American authors.
5
Books imported are books of foreign manufacture, catalogued and marketed by American publishers.
6
Stocks at end of year.
i Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect; remaining 9 days included with October.
' —




89

PAPER BOXES.
Table 36.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]

PRODUCTION.

]PRICES.

Finished
board.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Corrugated.

OPERATING TIME.

Raw materials.

Total. Corrugated.

Solid
fiber.

Solid
liber.

Total.

Corrugated.

Solid
fiber.

Total.

Corrugated. Solid fiber.

85 test Chip.* Straw.
liners.2

4

Percent of normal.

Relative to 1922.

115
100

98

96

1OO

1OO

83
100

119

95

98

78

108

92

91

73

100

88

83

73

98

83

79

72

Thousands of square feet.

B.-NUMERICAL DATA.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1921 monthly av..
1922 monthly av..

PRODUCTION.

50
70

45

65

66

81

133

43

38

60

127

46

39

67

117

48

41

71

105

55

47

81
81
89

125
100

1OO

1OO

1OO

226,622

149,323

77,299

1921.
May
June
July
Ausfnst

92

May
June
July
August

September
October
November.
December

64

101

99

96

73

89

78

73

88

70

65

84

176,655

108, S24

67,831

97

93

90

67

85

64

66

61

54

53

58

145,585

98,389

47,196

92

88

72

85

64

54

73

52

48

64

136,841

80, 500

56,341

92

88

73

85

67

60

80

55

69

151, LSI

89,445

61,736

90

90

76

80

79

70

98

58
62

57

78

179, 855

104,352

75,503

89

88

76

76

81

75

91

64

60

78

182,090

111,806

70,284

89

90

78

78

76

SO

69

66

64

74

172, 223

119,260

52,963

89

May
J une
July
August

70

90

1923.
January
February
March
April

61

97

87

September...
October
November. . ..
December

102

92

88

....

72

98

94

1922.
January
February.
March
April

85

94

96

November.
December .

83

96

Oci obpr

54

85

88

86

80

81

83

78

67

64

78

184,099

123,732

60,367

90

90

92

99

83

97

100

90

70

65

87

218,90S

149,075

69, S33

100

104

101

112

117

129

127

133

78

72

96

291,903

189,325

102,578

112

113

117

130

123

129

131

120

SO

78

88

292,510

195,288

97,222

117

121

124

145

133

143

150

130

81

79

89

323, S07

223, M 2

100,195

117

122

124

134

133

134

143

116

81

80

84

302,958

213,177

89.781

113

112

114

121

128

125

129

117

77

75

84

283, 090

192,30'6

90, 784

111

118

114

138

146

123

79

76

88

313,045

217,649

95,396

122

125

139

125

143
162

115
107

75
82

75
83

78

301, 870
324,178

213,177

120

133
143

75

115

120
122

130
134

125

115

241.501

SS,693
82,677

114

115

117

134

123

135

149

108

84

86

78

305,524

222,121

83,403

114

112

117

132

105

128

140

101

SO

82

76

286,603

208,705

77,898

110

108

119

123

105

122

131

102

77

78

76

275,679

195, 288

80,391

77

290, 754

78

2S5,059

205,725
199. 760

85,299

256,701
310,795

195,480

61,221

228,085

82,710

109

108

114

115

105

128

147

110

79

105

109

114

121

105

126

153

107

81

SO
82

105

107

112

115

105

113

142

80

79

79

76

104

109

108

115

105

138

153

107

81

79

88

85, 029

1
Data from the National Container Association, which merges the statistical activities of the Container Club and the National Association of Corrugated and Fiber Box
Manufacturers who formerly reported separately to Survey of Current Business. Thirty identical companies report corrugated board data and 11 report solid fiber data.
Data for the former individual associations, extending back to 1919 for the Container Club, are giyen in the August, 1923, issue (No. 24), but are not comparable with data
shown here as the former National Association reported in their totals single face board (used principally for wrapping purposes) which is excluded from the tabulation,
above.
'3l The outer and inner covering of the combined board.
Principally reworked papers used as a liller for solid fiber board.
* Fluted interior of corregated board; about 90 por cent straw.




90
PAPER PRODUCTS AND PEARL BUTTOiNS.
Table 37.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.

Mechanical.

New
or-

ders.

Relative to
5-yr. av.

New
orders.

Relative to
1921.

Relative t o
19211922.«

PAPER
AND
CLOTH.*

Domes- For- PTOtic eign d u c sales. sales. tion.
Relative to
1919.

WOOD PULP
IMPORTS. 1

Mechanical.

Relative to
1922.

Chemical.

Short tons.

A.—INDEX N U M B E R S .

FOLDING
PAPER
BOXES.2

FRESHWATER
PEARL
BUTTONS. 5

ABRASIVE

Stocks
end ol
month.

YEAR AND MONTH.

W

ROPE
PAPER
SACKS.s

IMPORTS.^

2

Shipments.

WOOD
PULP

FOLDING
PAPER
BOXES.2

[Base year in bold-faced type.]
0D

FRESHWATER
PEARL
BUTTONS.*

ABRASIVE
P A P E R AND
CLOTH.*

H
CQ

Domestic
sales.

New
New
orders, i orders.

Per cent of
capacity.

Production.

Foreign
sales.

Stocks
end of

month.

Per ct. Thouj of ca- sands of
pacity. gross.

Reams.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.
. . .

1919 monthly av.
1020 monthly av.
1921 monthly av.
1922 monthly av.

102

141

100

100

117

220

109

125

67

47

106

96

97

174

107

335

1OO
145

1OO
187

110

100

10,855
19,375
10,000
17,093

100

68,15O
78,363

44,457
85,550

4 7.9 i 44.2
69.4
82.7

42

88

102

68

100

no

114

161

97

145

67

62

45

100

173

111

126

87

70

42

255

137

139

Mav
Juno
July

20 322
27 098
41,750
44 181

81

50

i

2N,958

05,200

123

88

44

I

20, :<97

50 119

132

79

111

80

ai

35,504

no

79

90

00

374

100

183

71

84

GO

260

143

139

91

87

00

99
110

190
255

148

207

114

.110

82

107

lol

192

K)7

84

100

221

216

279

127
56
75
72

43

153

100

459

1922.
January
February
March
April

7,072
8 117
15,329
10,405

71

93

Sontember
(V'tob'T
November

80

49

Tiily

96

2S,49S

71,201
117, (His

96

20,920

95,52.1

96

9,13S

00,443

96

12,425

48,370

97

11,797

05,110

71

186

186

103

112

75

101

99

11,020

51,058

300

168

243

114

108

100

15,951

78,C32

355

180

203

116

100

70
105

9S

104

September
October
November
December

202

97

Au°ust .

4,379
9,008

46 544

3 %:?

48 071

3 192

41 909
51 595

3 879

54,929

4,510

'

1
40.0

12,5«2

!

1921.
Moy

75,002

56,153

0,171
11,005

47,957

36,147

83

101

17,181

90,638

82

327

151

213

127

114

07

9J

102

13,545

83,502

4

138
133
116

154

123

117

135

19,1 r>3

« 71,781

201

123

120

104

102

103

25,921

109,459

167

<28l
429
497

136

126

112

175

no

101

27,475

120,937

185

607

143

190

111

98

139

102

103

30,447

154,850

* 116
157

102

42 1
52 8
40.7
53 4

45 2
50 5
64.0
55 7

05. 4
05 9
63. 0
52. 9

01. 1 I
70 4
34. 9
34. 7

47.8
68. 5
70.7
64.2

80.7
01.0
91.7 |
No.0

89.1
80.3
80.1
72.4

82.0
107. 2
89. 7
94. 1

00. 2
63. 6
55. 8
08.4

08. ()
89. 0
00. 0
S3. 8

58.0
70.1
74.0
70.0

98.7
92.0
106.9
94.6

53.3
64.7
55.6
69.8

86.4
81. S
68.9
47.4

4 142

.TO "01
5, S5S
45,195

12,101

4,S96

57,129

5,521

59,418

5,461

74,031

7,500

72,930

7 745

45. 4
60.4
49. 4
IS. 6

0,421

46.4
45. 0

12,412

73, I.J3
71,92.'}

9,632

as. o

12,749

77, sas

0,1 S4

41. 7

12,829

43.0
47.0
50. 6
40. 7

•JLYS39

51.0
53. 4
52.8
54.7

in, 508

53.0
47.9
31.9
38. 7

13,770
14,054

39.9
45.8

13,980

70,::!04

79,915

12,338

8.1, 7r.fi

9,500

70,257

10,007

67,120

12,700

12,041
12.108
12,021
12,199

12,021

12,854
13,039
12,99S

1923.
197

456

121

223

91

130

108

32,407

116,426

169

383

146

208

105

129

98
113

111

February
March
April

110

107

27,766

97,774

153

322

154

242

130

154

126

115

107

25,143

82,078

104

276

146

214

122

172

105

119

108

17,186

70,401

Mav
June
July
August

107

286

111

195

135

149

135

115

110

17,668

72,932

114

395

135

185

125

125

116

104

112

18,806

100,757

106

323

116

156

123

116

128

09

108

17,376

82,392

153

393

146

107

116

118

137

84

110

25,155

100,355

September
October
November
December

155

337

123

110

134

87

111

25,538

160

358

100

113

26,285

85,9116
91,302

92,815

8,950

87,804

10,352

104,902

11,593

117,413

9,631

101,418

12,370

85,302

10,000

79,010

11,705

80,0S7

12, ;>94

75,196

12,297

l.°,,399
13,407
13,511

13,551
K5.N2S

14,207

f

1
Data from IT. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. Monthly averages for 5-year period, 1909-1913, on which index numbers are
based, are 16,403 tons for mechanical and 25,521 for chemical pulp. Monthly averages and index numbers for years 1913 through 1918 arc given in the August, 1923
(No. 24), issue of the Survey, p . 92.
2
Folding paper boxes and labels from the Association oj Folding Box, and Label Manufacturers, said to represent approximately 60 per cent for the folding-box industry
and 375 per cent for the label industry.
Rope paper sacks from Rope Paper Sack Manufacturers' Association, said to represent approximately 95 per cent of the industry.
4
Data compiled by the Abrasive Paper and Cloth Manufacturers' Exchange, estimated to represent 90 per cent of the industry. Tho totals given include the sales of
garnet, emery, Hint, and artificial (silicon, carbide, and aluminous oxide) paper, cloth, and combinations. Figures arc stated in equivalent reams, 9 by 11 inches in ,«i/.e.
Tho data submitted show that in 1919 the total domestic sales were made up of the following approximate percentages: (Harriet :>9, emery *, Mint 32, and artificial 20 per cent.
'» Data on fresh-water pearl buttons from National Association of Button Manufacturers from reports of 17 firms representing 95.2 per eon I of the maehiue capacity of the
association members, except prior to .July, 1922, when 16 firms reported.
6
Twelve months' average, July, 1921, to June, 1922. Numerical data not furnished by the association.




91

CONSTRUCTION COSTS AND GLASS.
Table 38.—(A) iJStuEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non- Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type.]

BUILDING PLUMBCOST
ING
MATERIAL
INDEXES
PRICES i
FIX- 1 (1st of month).
(1st of month). TURES

YEAR AND
MONTH.

Frame Brick
house. house.

Whole- Fac- Contory strucsale
price build- tion 3
ing
index. costs.2 costs.

Relative to 1913.

CONSTRUCTION
VOLUME.*

Rel. to Relative to 1913.
1914.

GLASS
BOTTLES.5

SPECTACLE PLUMBFRAMES
ING
AND MOUNTFIXINGS. 7
TURES.1

ILLUMINATING
GLASSWARE.fi

Production.

Net
orders.

Actual Shipproduc- ments
tion. billed.

Sales
Unbilled filled
(value). orders.

Wholesale
price
index.

Rel. to

Relative to average, May,

Rel. to Rel. to
1919.
1913.

Dollars.

1919.

1921-April, 1922.

A.-INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 mo.
1914 mo.
1915 mo.
1916 mo
1917 mo

a v . . 100
av
av
av
av

1918 mo av
1919 mo av
1920 mo av
1921 mo. a v . .
1922 mo. a v . .

93

169

1OO

89

219

189

100

198

298

100

339

127

218

45

271

46

251

9 91

104

179

202

88

69

8 100

170

174

130

77

126

8 1OO
122

»100

182

186

174

179

152

169

91

83

109

116

98

169

174

152

169

100

81

99

121

117

233

173

152

162

202

67

117

128

111

259

172

152

165

150

79

107

120

115

257

173

176

157

165

179

82

123

125

115

259

181

169

167

187

84

132

108

114

277

35.0
41.8
39.8
41.1

45.5
48.3
37.1
41.1

45.3
39.2
27.4
28.7

41.1
40.8
33.1
33.1

55.1
58.7
61.9
49.6

43.7
54.2
57.8
56.6

42.6
49.6
54.6
58.8

121.32
122.95
124.20
128.17

49.1
68.9
55.6
52.4

51.5
55.7
51.9
55.7

52.3
55.2
54.2
54.8

58.3
45.4
34.8
37.0

56.6
41.4
31.2
36.4

51.3
51.0
40.8
36.5

45.9
56.7

44.6
52.1

29

September...
October
November...
December

42.0
43.9
46.3
43.4

37

178

40.0
36.4
42.9
39.2

44

May
June
July
August

8 35.7
42.6

42

168

8 36.2
44.0

45

169

8 36.7
46.3

41

169

1922.
January
February
March
ADril

1923.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September...
October
November
December

119

181

184

171

170

118

73

101

76

93

210

31

189

193

174

173

154

78

112

79

93

252

30

193

197

190

185

129

79

150

121

119

285

46

196

199

192

189

127

73

160

150

139

342

68

196

201

192

189

122

77

169

160

153

378

73

192

198

192

193

111

73

135

156

165

327

64

195

199

198

201

209

209

206

209

212

214

212

215

214

217

215

216

208
203

207

210

Per cent of capacity.

149

181

1OO

Actual Shipproduc- ments
tion. billed.

$67.58

100
110
121

1OO

1OO

Net
orders.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

147

1OO

ILLUMINATING
GLASSWARE.*

179.5
182.6
183.8
189.7
191.4
192.7
191.8
189.5
189.6
187.4

202

221

192

192

126

80

134

142

146

334

76

197

197

105

82

188

154

155

351

93
92

197

205

195

79

151

143

152

439

204

214

160

90

143

154

154

454

97

204

217

171

89

159

156

144

445

99

129.34

207

221

148

86

124

114

143

450

88

130. 21

206

222

128

79

95

83

114

298

88

129.58

206

222

111

81

101

101

102

392

85

128.03

206

222

137

85

112

127

125

373

87

204

220

127

86

140

157

146

128.08
126.61

41.0
51.3

1
Building material price indexes representing the relative cost of building materials entering into the construction of a six-room frame house and a six-room brick house
from the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Standards, Division of Building and Housing, and Bureau of the Census, which is based on prices paid for material by contractors in some 60 cities of the United States. The prices are weighted by the relative importance of each commodity in the construction of a six-room house: plumbing
fixtures, wholesale price., compiled by the Bureau of the Censuses an average of 12 reports of combined net selling prices to retailers, without freight, on the following competitive fixtures: Bathtub, washstand, water-closet, sink, two-part cement laundry tub, and 30-gallon range boiler. The plumbing prices are averages for the month
while building material indexes are as of the first of the month.
2
This index number, furnished through the courtesy of the Aberthaw Construction Co., is designed to show the relative changes in the cost of constructing a standard
concrete factory building. The company believes that the year 1914 gives a normal base and that July, 1920, with an index number of 265, represented the peak of costs.
Beginning with June, 1923, the Morton C. Tiiltle Company has also prepared an index on a similar basis, with practically identical results. These index
numbers are given as of the first day of the month.
* The construction cost index, computed by the Engineering News Record, is based upon the costs of steel (structural shapes, Pittsburgh base), cement (f. o. b. Chicago,
'
exclusive of bags) .lumber (southern pine, New York base), and the rates paid common labor in the steel industry through 1920, after which common labor rates are averages reported from about 20 cities by correspondents of the Engineering News Record. The prices are weighted on the basis of the total production of steel, cement, and
lumber, and the total supply of common labor.
1
Compiled by the Engineering Nans Record, on the basis of contracts let as reported by this publication and its construction cost index number, based on 1913 costs.
5
Data from National Baffle Manufacturers Association, based on reports of identical firms representing approximately 90 per cent of the capacity of the industry.
1
5
Data from reports of identic;?] firms by the Illuminating Glassware Guild, estimated to represent from 70 to 75 per cent of the capacity of the industry, based on a nor*
mal 7capacity of 6,000 turns.
Data from the Onfical Manufacturers A sweiation, representing about 60 per cent of the industry.
8
Twelve months' average, May, 1921-April, 1922.
9
Yearly figures are not averages of the monthly data but are w u p u t o d on the total volume for the year as compared with the 1913 total.




92

BUILDING STATISTICS—CONTRACTS AWARDED.
Table 39,—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
SOUTHERN
CONSTBUC-

Y E A R AND MONTH.

BUSINESS
BUILDINGS.

INDUSTRIAL
BUILDINGS.

Num-

V a l t t e . ber of Square Value.
proj- feet.

ects.

2

RESIDENTIAL
BUILDINGS.

Relative to 1919.
342
3 63
371

1915 monthly average..
1916 monthly average..
1917 monthly average..
1918 monthly average..

3 118

1921 monthly average..

100

3 94
390
3 62
3 43

100

18
27
28
28
21
18

21
25
30
48
43
32
25

52
96
114
117
119
92
118

65

42
56
55
46

21
31
33
22

26
43
41
34

70
116
147
174

43
32
48
54

24
19
33
40

54
53
45
53

49
57
42
36

100
57
85
128

100
67
103
159

102
137
166

33
41
71
89
93
90

43
51
86
106
117
106
85
114

132

108

133
117

109
112

106

46
25
57
57

47
34
54
88

100

100

10O

100

81
77

74
59
86

79
82
122

80

83

43

23

51

43

35
35
48
55
61
61

61
50
67
86
87
75

39
31
47
45
43
38
35
39

18
14

122

168

21
36
48
94

100
115
34
63

10O

1922 monthly average..

OTHER PUBLIC
AND SEMIPUBLIC
BUILDINGS.

NumNumNumNumber of Square
ber of Square
ber of Square
ber of Square
proj- feet. Value. proj- feet. Value. proj- feet. Value. proj- feet. Value.
ects.
ects.
ects.
ects.

Kelative
to-1921.

1919 monthly average..
1920 monthly average..

EDUCATIONAL
BUILDINGS.

100

100

100

177
238

144
204
254

95
115
121

150
171

100
119
151
181

44
49
96
137
173
214
223
216

66
85
155
174
244
195
228
233

87
191
227
246
235
287
281

61
60
87
135
136
155
155
147

78
78
115
205
137
201
206
158

77
117
228
135
217
204
145

193
122
89
87

221
169
178
172

266
225
183
151

139
127
97

' 109

135
127
128
143

253
142
105
116

235
132
106
124

85
77
158
187

90
82
151
157

107
107
172
187

64
78
143
190

104
121
265
380

121
132
257
369

72
69
112
134

101
111
148
162

111
119
140
177

56
47
75
158

193
186
159
171

157
156
121
118

199
193
154
143

219
303
301
270

322
425
360
273

331
444
409
322

157
162
162
161

266
274
210
261

298
225
312
230

60
103
152

100

100
114

1921.
January..
February.
March
April
May
June
July
August...

29
52
92
123
82
90
116
82

September..
October
November..
December..

133
115
86
200

78

January..
February.
March
April

77
130
147
193

68
75
115
115

May....
June
July....
August.

212
70
189
206

116
111
97
97

107
111
95
84

170
152
130
113 j

September..
October
November..
December..

156
172
226
130

92
98
94
81

98
74
70
62

136
95
89
77

48
62
68
49

36
57
50
33

62
65
68
45

150
165
166
128

114
128
143
124

143
157
173
170

143
127
81
67

190
175
114
122

213
175
131
143

133
125
101

169
154
140
59

179
162
152
72

125

77
83
113
122

64

92

42

35

76

92
130
134

46

40

51
64

71

69
47

87

109
107
186
216

122
112
195
194

158
143
232
231

63
93
143
150

112
208
214
305

140
222
226
3G0

66
78
106
137

84
124
177
175

88
123
157
186

106
91

157

61
52
47
47

69
38
30
26

111
113
50
41

194

170
125
118
120

210
176
157
162

170
208
223
187

200 ! 244
194 ! 228
216 j 276
211
172

139
129
120
125

157 .166
182
LS6
141 | 101
124 ! 150

41

32

55

30

84
72

112
174

145
222

113
128

123
204

99
126

169

50
80
81
82
87
73

66

87

75

89
94

78
86
56
50

81

111
72

1922.
52
68
97
113

1923.
January...
February.
March

241

April

225

May....

197
143

123

158
153

90

77

92

68

104
80

150

85
103

75
82

115
91

June
July....
August.
September..
October....
November..
December..

131

98

107
103

121

58

127
118
133
123
170

135
220

142
172

See footnotes on opposite page also.
1
Southern construction from Manufacturers' Record. Other data compiled by the F. W. Dodge Co., covering small towns and rural districts as well as large cities.
Prior to May, 1921, these ligures covered 25 northeastern states and the District of Columbia. The states are those north and east of, and including, North Dakota, South
Dakota, Iowa, Missouri, Tennessee, and Virginia, together with portions of eastern Kansas and Nebraska. Beginning May, 1921, North Carolina and South Carolina were
added to the list, but this addition is stated to have little effect upon the total.




93

BUILDING STATISTICS—CONTRACTS AWARDED.
Table 40.—N.XTMEBZCAL. DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
II

SOUTHERN
CONSTRUCTION.2

BUSINESS
BUILDINGS.

INDUSTRIAL
BUILDINGS.

Y E A R AND
MONTH.

Thousands
of
dollars.

berof
projects.

I Thou{ sands
of
dollars.

of

m urn- |Thouber ol I

Thou- Num- Thou- Thousands ber of sands sands
of
of
projdollars, ects.

Thou
proj- |
ects.

42,744 3,999 20,157
636
1
49,080 j 2,414 j 11,460
511 I 10,652 j

70,767

166

47,177
73,154
112,285

feet.

170
227
275

OTHER PUBLIC
AND SEMIPUBLIC
BUILDINGS.*

$34, 832
40,275
29, 548
25,381

3 5,308
3 8,050 |
3 9,042 }
| 3 15,075 j

1,092 9,240 $33,806
26,638
895 6,870
844 5,437
27,662
1,053 7,936
41,358

Num- Thou- Thouber of i sands sands
of
of
proj- square
ects.
dollars.
feet.

EDUCATIONAL
BUILDINGS.

3 19,000
3 18,167
3 12,583
3 8,667

1915 mo. av
1916 mo. av
1917 mo. av
1918 mo. av.
1919 mo. av.
1920 mo. av.
1921 mo. a v . . $27,523
46, 273
1922 mo. a v . .

Thousands
of
dollars.

RESIDENTIAL
BUILDINGS.

2,981 I

274
323

5,463 |

88,912
15,212
20,668
40,202

14,4.44
2.7, .084 I

4,118 I 1.7,047
6,083 I 25,866

1,915 $9,960
2,190
3,382
4,549

14,358
20,319 |
25,279 '

2,249 14,476
2,211 17,220
3,366 21,787
342
3,853 26,258
360

298

282

I

I
1921.
January..
February.
March
April
,

8,108
14,351
25,362
33,889

May
June
July
August

22,630
24,842
31,935
22,531

September..
October
November..
December..

36, 469
31,532
23,610
55,029

971
1,029
880
847

21,143
35,774
40,548
52,993

744

1,255

58,33S
49.341
52,054
56, 828

,270
,213
,059
,057

870
880

S52 j
795 |
954 |

20,528
17,020
22,776
29,176

2.50
197
296 I

2,359
1,786
2,341

2S8 |

3,497 j

5,632 |

549

6,940 |

24,494
24,494
33, 240
35,277

275
244
221
251

3,543
3,581
2,641
2,292

7,174
7,991
5,158
4,583

I
|
|
j

41,259
37,40.3 !
24,221 I
22,056 i

269 I
357!
350 ;
290 I

2,706
3,9»4
4,197
2,846

4,811
6,264
8,953
10,419

|
i
!
|

23,696
39,240
49,758
58,711

271.1
205 i
306 j
345
344

7,793

57,515 !
|
51,489
44,020
38,122
45,907
32,037
29,938 I
25,8(

5,645 j
0,070 |

6,724
8,319
14,382
17,948

30,732
36,294
60,701
75,006

20,404 j 4,683 i 18,804
18,502 f 4,758 j 18,227

3,262
3,277
4,421
5,084 !

506

82,982
75,175
60,452
80,329

15,437
9,037
10,640
12,919

1,573
2,035
3,833
4,556

228

6,905
8,647
19,031
3,328 | 22,640

183
178
258
403

1,757 j 12,393
1,765 11.209
2,587 16,917
4,614 32,934

287
355
371
358

4,668
3,731
4,369
4,457

24,462
23,441
28,602
27,959

405
461
461
437

3,084
4,530
4,625
3,560

21,709 j
95,303
2.1,978 j 89,650
22,666 j 90,324
21,901 { 100, 897

321 4,238 I 26,459
202 | 3,228 I 22,429
147 3,416 18,212
144 3,297 15,046

415
378
290
233

5,700 33,969
3,203 | 19,090
2,363
15,349
2,604
18,004

2,001
2,325
5,071
7,277

12,067
13,110
25,575
36,719 !

215
205
335
400

2,268
2,503
3,338
3,638

16,034
17,277
20,222
25,569

467
484
484

5,992
6,165
4,716

1,257
1,625
2,969

73
81
160

19,606
31,441
29,508
21,036

13,604
10,832

3,684 i 13,961
4,729 i 17,949 |

11,283
18,419
17,695
14,553

5,286
5,314
4,681
4,236

3,033
2,417
4,165
5,130

19,695
10,733
24,270
24,312

3,410
3,079
6,322
7,484 |

18,083
16,490
30,348
31,666

121,551 |j
132,478 j|

107
130
238
316

5,941

339 I 4,305
285
6,870
335
11,262

23 893
20,277
31,883
67,374

7,705
7,454
0,347
6,857

|
I
I
i

31,004
31,519
24,392
23,712

140,933
136,359
108,951
100,883

364 !
503. !
499 i
449

6,161
8,132
6,901
5,228

i
1
j
j

32,925
44,245
40,690
32,055

479

874

43,169
32,608
45,127
33,321

306
396
430
314

4,569
7,242
6,415
4,202

26,385
27,640
29, 242
19,298

6,005
6,599
6,623
5,111

;
i
!
!

23,059
25,814
28,759
24,950

101,428
110,776
122,469
120,139

237
211
135
112

3,644
3,343
2,180
2,330

j
j
I
I

21,214
397
371
17,437
302
13,058
14,251 ; 196

3,802
3,473
3,144
1,
322

25,920
23,474
21,985
10,385

2,1S>
3,992
4,092
5,849

13,906
22,108
22,550
35,822

190
231
317
408

1,889 i 12, 730
2,789 | 17,781
3,981 | 22,797

3,949
3,717
4,131
3,285

24,346
22,676 |
27,512 !
21,036 |

413
385
359
372

3,529 i 24,042
4,103 | 26,863

13,461 j

296
375

I

1923.
I January
! February
March
April

J
j

May
June
July
August

815
1,252

|
j
|
!

9,841 |
10,289 I
8,780

i
I
I
i

|
!
I
I

75,728- j

75,728 1
1

September...
October.....
November...
December...

42,977
47.342
62,116
35,822

,003
,066
,022

I
9,0.74 I
6,873 j
6,427 |
5,710 I

1923.
January
February
March
April

34,449
36,095
66,398
62,045

843
909
1,239
1,331

5,870 |
7,014 j
9,886 :
9,561

30,975
30,999
44,076
45,322

265
295
450
440

4,410
5,096
7,673
5,997

21,944
27,518
37,034
24,913

4,342
4,272
7,459
8,647

24,586
22,668
39,286
39,174

111,730
101,040
164,267
163,476

105
154
238
249

May
June
July
August

54; 285
39,416
43,603
42,159

1,341

53,133
40,830
35,267
27,109

391
330
297
301

8,826

1,000

9,759
8,387
7,094
6,243

3,367

47,557
48,506
21,197
17,717

7, 750
5,096
4,709
5,321

34,332
25,254
23,698
24,106

148,773
124,417
111,138
114,317

283
346
370
310

September...
October
November...
December...

41,312

930
1,128

6,966 |
7,582 |

38,954

263

30,685

351

4,056
3,877

35,919
30,692

4,905
6,817

22,530
35,008 I

102,331
156,984

188 ! 2,364
213 ; 3,907

I
|
'
!

i

I

1,067
988

4,817
3,861

|
!
|
:

21,923 !

3,912 I 26,986

3,179 I 23,240
2,782 j 21,f>70
3,018 | 20,553
3,791 ! 24,956

See.footnotes on opposite page also.
2
Covers all classes of building in tii^ states o/ Alabama, Arkansas, .Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia.
3
Estimates made by the F. W. Dodge Co.
4
Include the following groups, formerly shown separately: 'BLospAfcads and Institutions," "Public Buildings," "Social and Reerea-tional Buildings," and "Religious
and Memorial Buildings." Details through July, 1923, may be found in the August, 1923 (No. 24), issue of the Survey, pp. 94-97.




94
BUILDING CONTRACTS AND FIRE LOSSES.
Table 41.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.l
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
CONTRACTS AWARDED.

CONTRACTS AWARDED.
PUBLIC
WORKS AND
UTILITIES.

YEAR AND MONTH.

GRAND TOTALS

NumNumber of
ber of
proj- VaUie. projects.
ects.

Sq.
feet.

FIRE
LOSSES.

Great
Value. United BritStates. ain.*
Relative to

Relative to 1919.

'UBLIC WORKS
AND
UTILITIES.

Number
of
projects.

Thousands
of
dollars.

GRAND TOTAL.3

Number
of
projects.

Thousands
of
square
feet.

United
States.

Thousands
of
dollars.

1920.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly
1922 monthly

average.,
average.
average.,
average.
average.

FIRE
LOSSES.

Great
Britain.

Thousands
of
dollars.

Thousands
of £
sterling.

B.-NUMERICAL DATA.
140,770

65

70
95
131

72

100
98
91

102

130

100
123
124
153

155
127
112
107

110
115
94
112

77
77
68
76

113
106
99
103

107
129
149
115

132
110
116
151

977
1,130
895
919

64,999
52,967
46,902
4-1,797

7,530
7,919
6,440
7,684

35,751
35,738
31,717
35,246

242,094
227,711
212,491
•220,721

23,957
29,001
33,356
25,829

1,070

132
124
82
65

85
84
63

119
118
100
90

89
87
81
76

115
103
89
92

114
125
117
129

106
88
67
74

861
808
538
423

35,414
35,141
26,397
27,833

8,144
8,096
6,891
6,181

41,702
40,436
37,818
35,272

246,186
222,480
192,311
198,518

25,502
27,955
26,179
28,908

750
620
475
525

January..
February.
March
April

49
52
120
144

45
51
124
180

74
70
135
157

65
64
111
125

83
137
lo I

172
131
178
138

182
67
61
19

313
338
788
910

18,735
21,193
51,997
75,251

5,073
4,7S2
9,250
10,746

30,261
30,061
51,957
58,146

166,320
177,473
293,637
353,162

38,663
29,304
39,911
31,010

1,285
477
505
347

May....
June
July....
August.

183
193
187
194

153
138
189
119

160
164
144
152

12S
130
111
116

169
160
163
150

133
108
161
96

112
61
59
40

1,197
1,259
1,220
1,272

63,817
57,940
79,162
49,825

11,358
11,249
9,902
10,457

59,639
60,526
51,705
54,019

362,590
343,440
350,081
322,007

29,S69
24,103
36,668
21,580

792
455
416
282

September..
October
November..
December..

177
141
86
70

120
99
66
59

133
139
132
103

100
101
83

126
118
114
100

185
179
137
212

49
43
72
63

1,155
919
560
461

50,379
41,477
27,516
24,875

9,108 I 44,275
9,568
46,806
9,079
46,946
38,603
7,080

271,493
253,137
244,366
215,213

41,515
40,065
30,776
47,426

315
305
510
444

57
72
128
193

62
72
102
116

154
180

83
89
139
138

101
107
155
166

163
191
184
146

133
79
90
314

373
471
839
1,260

25,929
30,185
42,586
60,926

6,126
6,338
10,546
12,336

38,947
41,611
64,920
64,527

217,333
229,938
333,518
357,475

36,615
42,771
41,160
32,638

937
555
636
2,218

207

168
122
115
122

129
99
90
So

174
1:30
128
118

152
155
123
109

17S
101
103
133

1,351
1,134
1,196
1,072

76,284
5$, (586
55,708
51,134

11,536
8,372
7,925
8,381

60,430
46,344
42,021
39,780

371,400
323,559
274,225
253,106

34,016
34,852
27,191
24,474

1,261
711
731
937

109
143

83
116

118
149

128
140

93
101

916
953

7,500 1 38,968
9,844 j 54,258

253,525
319,860

28,739
31,398

657
715

100
82
108
133

100
113
91
112

May....
June
July....
August.

149
173
135
145

September..
October
November..
December..

100

100

46,683

214,990

22,416

47,195
38,265
40,847

6,862
4,821
6,520
8,971

33,491
32,267
47,745

211,102
196,648
279,410

27,571
27,721
34,241

707
644
514

936

41,834

73

654
531
701
S69

100
91

1921.

1922.

1923.

January..
February.
March
April

June

j

July
August

I 183
164

182
140
133
122

140
146

100
129

May

September..
October
November..
December..

173

42,030
53,90/

1
Data compiled by the F. W. Dodge Co., covering small towns and rural districts as well as large cities in 27 northeastern slates, except fire losses in the United
States and Canada, included here for convenience, compiled by tho New York Journal of Commerce, and lire losses in Circat Britain compiled by the London Times.
Prior to May, 1921, the building figures covered 25 northeastern states and the District of Columbia. The states arc those north and cast of, and including, North Dakota,
Soiith Dakota, Iowa, Missouri, Tennessee, and Virginia, together with portions of eastern Kansas and Nebraska. Beginning May, 1921, North Carolina and South Carolina
were added to the list, but this addition is stated to have little effect upon the total. Monthly averages of the value of contracts awarded for the years 1913 through 1918
may be found in the August, 1923, issue (No. 24), pp. 96 and 97.
a Prior to January 1923 these figures did not includefiresinvolving losses of less than £1,000.
8
Grand total includes military and naval buildings and miscellaneous, in addition to the groups listed in this and the preceding table (p. 92).




95
CEMENT.
Table 42,—(A) INDEX NUMBERS

AND (B) NUMERICAL

DATA.

Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]

CONCRETE
PAVEMENTS
CONTRACTED

PORTLAND CEMENT.

CONCRETE
PAVEMENTS
CONTRACTED
FOR.

PORTLAND CEMENT.

FOR.

Whole- ij
sale price,!
net, |
without 1 Total.3
1
bags, ;|
Chicago !
district, jj

YEAK AND MONTH.

Production.

Roads.

Relative to 1919.

Relative to 1913.

Shipments.

1914 m o n t h l y average.

100

I

101

94

7,146

7,391
7,203
7,219

99

118

99

153

7,721

7,542

11,080

84
87
65
91
87

166
166
180
153
159

5,894

107
142

5,S9i
6,700
8,306
8,191
9,489

7,107
7,999
7,921
9,714

9,380
9, S09
7, 278
10,161
9, 741

1.67
1.66
1.80
1.54
1.61

159

. 70
50

59
48
81
106

6,903
5,348
9,091
11,938

119
126
123
129

13,316
14,142

87
120

40
44
96
116

146

172

147

115
96

93
99

1917 m o n t h l y average.

101

1OO
97
98
106
102

77

1919 m o n t h l y average. I
1920 m o n t h l y a\ erage. I
1921 m o n t h l y average.

87
10s
107

1922 m on t h l y average.

124

1921.
September
October
November
December

131
137
116
85

56
56

97
108
107
131

152
164

1OO
114

1OO

7,675

1OO
73
105
148

10,027

11,329

10,506

12,114

87
70

89

8,921

5,195

70

6,559

3,097

148

60

148
148
148

74
255

69
78
232
265

244

241

174
137

147
185
102
127
81
81
90

93
103

21.6

May....
June...
July....
August.

151
152

182
187
194

September.
October
November..
December..

149
160
148
113

168
174
138
66

37
47
83

173
173
173
171

142
105
79
84

January
February
March
April

100
105
129
148

73
Si
140
175

102
120
116
102

158
173
173
173

141
128
165

May....
June...
July...
August-

168
161
164

193
180
186
203

90
82
72
54

173

September.
October
nber
N ovemb

171
174

75
51
42

*10O
71

74

148
158
158
163

11,330
12,773
11.312
]1,051

111

148
148
148

Roads.

S1.002
.89
.95
1.19
1.53

7,353

19.10 m o n t h l y average.

1932.
January
February
March
Apfil

Total.'

B.-NUMERICAL DATA.

89

96

1915 m o n t h l y average.

19J8 m o n t h l y average.

Wholesale price,
net,
without
bags,
Chicago
district.

Per barrel jj Thous. of square yds. j

Thousands of barrels.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 monthly average, i

Stocks
at end of
month.

206

4,291

2,931

4,278

3, 285
7,002
8, 592

6, 685
9, 243

12, 749
13,470
13,850

11,176
11,245
11,557
11,664

11,361

11,424

12, 444

12,287
11,349
8,671

12, S54
10,167
4, 858

", "04
S,085
9, SSO
11,359

5,419
5,903
10,320
12,954

175
156

12,910

13,848
14,470
12, 893
10,718

4,455
3,264
4,686
6,595

3 3,435

1.59
1.50

4,132

2,535
3,816

1.50
1.50

3,891
3,102

1.50 !

2,655 ;

1.50 •
1.50 !

3,30S |

2,4i>4
3,602
4,863

4,576 j
;

9,602 j

1.50

11,371

1. 50

10,852 i

1.60

7, 769
9,195 '

8, 433
5, 746

1.60 \
1.64

4,724
4,149
5,320

3,049
2,408

2,357
2,689
7,979
9,112
8,271
5,044

0.117

6,348
3, 497

1.75
1.75
1. 75
1.73

0,319
4,680
3, 528
3, 744

4,374
2, 797
2, 789
3,095

11,470
13,502
13,045
11,463

1.60 1
1. 75 j
1.75
1.75

2 950
6,272 ;
5,084

2,140

JO, 144

1.75

3,242

5,533
4,597

9, 207

1923.

169

62
13S

|
|

109
132

•

173
"173

144

94

12,620

197

163

12,967

14,257
13,307
13,712
14,971

185

173

153

J32

193

173

168

J22

13,109
13,350

13.098
14.2*5

173

212
172

12,3S2

1

i

7, '
370

4,725
3,737
4,550
5,997

y, IOS

1. 75

8, OS I

1.75

9,431
7,075
6,407

0.080

1.75

8,7 SO

5.606

1.75

6.S2S

1.75

7,486

4,537
4.191

5,373

December .
1
Data on cement is from the U. S. Department of the Interior, Geological Survey, except prices, which are average of weekly prices reported by the /". S. Department
of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics; data on concrete pavements for roads, streets, and alleys from Portland Cement Association, 'Highways Bureau.' The cement industry
is highly seasonal and should be compared with corresponding months of previous years rather than with other months of the current year. Detailed da In by months
back io 1915, with an 8-year average for each month which can be used for seasonal comparisons, will bo found in the September, 1923 (No. 25), issue of the
Survey, p. 47.
- Includes streets and alleys besides roads.
3
Of the numerical 1919 monthly average, 3,221,000 yards was actually reported. The remainder is the prorated portion of a total of 3,338,309 yards for the year of
pavement less than 6 inches thick not allocated by class of pavement. This has been prorated to roads on the basis of the roads' share of allocated contracts.




96

HARDWOOD LUMBER AND FURNITURE.
Table 43.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
NORTHERN
HARDWOODS.5

MICHIGAN
HARDWOODS. 2

YEAR AND MONTH.

RETAIL
LUMBER
SALES,
RURAL
YARDS.1

Rel. to
1919.
1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average
1915 monthly average.
1916 monthly average....
1917 monthly average..
1918 monthly average....
1919 monthly average —
1920 monthly average....
1921 monthly average—
1922 monthly average
1921.
September
October
November
December
1922.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August

FURNITURES

WALNUT.*
Lumber

Stocks
Produc- Ship- end of
tion. ments. mo.

Produc- Shiption. ments.

Hardwood.

Softwood.

Relative to 1917.

Relative to 1913.

Rel. to
1921.

Rel. to
1920.

100.0
96.4

100.0
55.7
61.6

82.1
81.5
84.1
92.9

92.6
92.2
93.1
90.6

55.2
56.2
55.6
55.6

90.5
93.6
97.7
98.0

58.2
62.0
61.6
62.6

97.5
101.0
101.8
108.4

67.7
67.1
67.8
69.1

109.0
115.4
116.2
120.2

Logs.

49.7
53.3
55.8
55.3

100
110
87
89
110

90

103
116
121

108

74

98

75

56

94

135

Relative to 1920.

131

'55

Relative to 1922.

110

3 75

Made
UnShip- filled
Pro- Ship- Stocks Pur- into Stocks ments. orders.
duc- ments. on chases. lumon
ber
tion.
hand.
and hand.
veneer.

100
78
87
103

100
69
75
50
30
40

3 100

100
75
58
63

100
78
76
67
46
48

75
85

25
21

31
48

79

29

96

74

25

118

65

21

55

69

18

128

26

31

36

67

52

100

23

54

35

66

111

102

16

46

28

58

94

75

32

41

29

55

137

125

49

48

34

57

104

107

3

119

70

52

38

58

109

110

95

51

33

59

90

160

m

44

40

57

75

162

93

September..
October
November
December

COMPOSITE
PRICES.*

45

51

54

80

170

94

47

42

55

72

154

98

45

46

51

74

143

80

44

43

49

81

164

29

52

59

49

107

145

1OO
1OO

1OO

31
32
32

74

1OO

35

82

1OO

23

78

1OO

74

72

1OO

1OO

60

23

26

73

77

61

76

30

67

57

109

93

103

134

96

127

60

26

123

95

106

111

122

127

75

24

125

89

108

87

101

140

58

18

120

80

114

110

127

136

67

21

108

107

113

112

112

102

65

29

95

117

111

72

99

93

96

109

91

100
105

85

63
83

35
42

63

80
122

105

78

82

46

98

70
102

79

89

106

76

94

56

102

138

88

108

113

73

101

100

107

84

127

.no

90

86

58
41

69.3
70.8
72.8
74.5

124

128

84

168

150

94

sr.

112

125

S2

160

139

116

S3

54
51

149

150

77

180

lol

152

105

53

131

156

70

165

.154

162

92

50

119.3
117.9
113.6
109.5

73.8
73.1
69.0
65.0

155

132

72

181

180

163

100

42

156

119

77

173

181

175

88

43

154

98

83

150

188

141

83

47

122

109

84

150

144

160

101

44

107.8
106.4
104 9

63.3
63.1
63 9

123

106

78

125

144

161

98

42

143

123

80

157

168

165

116

42

1923.
32

65

55

48

148

149

February
March
April

20
34

56

43

47

155

114

52

54

46

173

160

49

47

49

45

161

159

May
June
July
August

73
91
74
71

66

42

46

171

135

61

42

47

148

154

50

33

44

119

131

53

47

43

111

160

September
October
November
i December

73

48

53

43

96

149

82

54

49

41

99

175

|

See footnotes on opposite page also.
1
Retail lumber sales, compiled by the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, represents the total lumber sales for 637 yards in the Minneapolis (ninth) Federal
Reserve District. Details by months back to January, 1920, may be found in the October, 1923, issue (No. 26), pp. £8-60 'These sales include softwoods as well as
hardwoods.
2
Data on Michigan hardwoods (chiefly maple, birch, basswood, and beech) are actual figures reported by about 40 mills each month to the Michigan Hardwood Manufacturers' Association. The number of mills varies from 35 to 62, but 44 is the highest number reporting since the beginning of 1920.
3
Quarterly average.
4
Ten months' average.
5
Compiled by the Northern Hemlock and Hardwood Manufacturers' Association, representing chiefly Wisconsin and upper Mich'"' ~ mills. Thesefiguresrepresent actual
*
reports from 60 to 75 mills each month. The hardwoods cut are mostly maple, birch, and beech.




97

HARDWOOD LUMBER AND FURNITURE.
Table 44.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

MICHIGAN
HARDWOODS.*
RETAIL
LUMBER
SALES,
RURAL1
YEAR AND MONTH. YARDS.

NORTHERN COMPOSITE
HARDWOODS/
PRICES. 6

WALNUT;
Logs.

Lumber.
Production.

Ship- Stocks,
end of
ments. month.

Production.

Ship- Hard- Softments. wood. wood.

Dollars per M
ft., b. m.

Thousands of feet, board measure.

FURNITURE.*

Made
Ship- Unfilled
Pro- Ship- Stocks Pur- into Stocks ments. orders.
duc- ments. on chases. lumber on
tion.
hand.
and hand.
veneer.
Thousands of feet, board

Thousands of feet, log

31,396 3 -223,961

28,318
31,034
24,755
25,296
31,061

25,390
19,911
22,067
26,041
30,105

21,576 3 201, 053
23,427 3169,080
15,564 * 122,468
9,356 165,984
12,471 124,672

29,241
32,732
34, 206
27,838
26,500

27,813
33,328
27,509
19,067
34,204

$41.77
40.29

$49.59
27.63
30.53

9,708
15,078
17,195
11,330

177,676
166,369
154,948
150,747

8,186
6,985
5,189
14,709

24,377
29,853
32,432
25,282

34.29
34.05
35.13
38.79

24.63
26.41
27.65
27.40

14,896
12,787
11.478
13, 402

10,881
8,647
9,173
10,790

148,631
129,070
123,330
127,966

31,399
23,660
38,698
29,404

25,841
19,059
31, 675
27, 228

38.69
38.52
38.99
37.82

27.39
27.87
27.58
27.59

1,325
1,962
2,217
2,260

1,489
1,784
1,840
1,707

6,278
10,496
10, 824
11,067

,113
,951
,619
,269

392
1,270
1,615
1,343

13,050
17,712
14, 826
17,389

14.479
14,274
12,169
12,575

11,806
10,235
12,444
16,073

130,444
131,136
128,515
121,257

30,932
25,576
21,376
22,522

27,971
40,623
41,228
43,103

37.82
39.10
40.81
40.93

28.87
30.76
30.52
31.02

2,176
1,960
1,719
1,675

1,535
2,053
2,251
1,852

11,633
11,504
11,314
11,083

,603
. 631
,
,056
, 333

September
October
November
December

17,662
18,403
14,988
5, 368

13,057
12,417
12,322
14,439

13,100
14,599
13,525
18,383

122,956
113,394
109,786
109,035

20,412
20,874
22,879
30, 272

39,080
36,262
41,653
36,722

40.75
42.23
42.53
45.29

33.56
33.26
33.62
34.27

1,137
1,603
1, 843
1,807

1,535
2,345
2,661
2, 068

10,713
10,054
9,036
8, 568

1923.
January
February
March
April

6,014
3,753
6,424
9,242

18,129
15,442
14,365
13,047

17,200
13,600
16,961
15,538

107,124
106,114
102,477
100,329

42,003
43,938
49,070
45,700

37,771
28,823
40,512
40,366

45.54
48.23
48.52
50.19

34.36
35.12
36.12
36.96

2,245
2,028
2,697
2,360

2,472
2,410
2, 892
3, 007

May....
June
July....
August.

13, 731
17,073
13,821
13,258

18, 281
17,042
13,949
14,853

13,253
13,126
10,278
14,639

102,970
104,862
99,538
97,135

48,531
41,805
33,60S
31,462

34,388
39,215
33,364
40,674

49.85 36.62
49.26 36.27
47.46 34.26
45.75 • 32.25

2,799
2, 812
2,785
2,200

September.
October
November.
December..

13,705
15,463

13,221
14,865

16,538
15,391

96,160
92,554

27,060
27,900

37,822
44,469

45.02
44.46
43.83

2,214
2,578

Value, average
per firm, dollars.

1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly

av.
av.
av.
av.
av.

27.763

av.
a v . . 18,781
a v . . 14,078
a v . . 10,888
a v . . 11,798

21,573
21,119
18,699
12,652
13,191

1921.
September..
October
November..
December...

14,000
15,974
12,122
4,804

6,815
5,750
5, 959
8,586

1922.
January
February...
March
April

4,259
2,918
5,943
9,130

May
June
July....
August.

191S monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly
1922 monthly

31.39
31.31
31.71

1,807

1,927

10,214

1.460

1,327

$40,266 $128,088
23,919
28, 812
29, S33
45,005
2,087

28,813
31,309
32,812
28,874

39,899
41,384
40,810
29,057

1,398
2,643
2,643
2,923

23,084
24,118
30,186
23,234

33,860
32,828
30,586
22,662

1,682
1,487
1,324
1,399

2, 816
2,125
2,072
1,773

26,900
25,970
25, 290
33,301

26,941
37,172
45,394
53,835

1,027
1,486
1,583
1, 851

1,045
1,405
1,500
1,458

1,636
1,591
1,528
1,871

32,977
37,639
40,474
34,820

58,286
71, 789
74,007
52, 607

8,529
8,351
7,906
7,108

2, 454
2,337
2,720
2,406

1,986
1, 582
2,002
2, 038

1,957
2,412
3,176
3,389

34, 282
33, 524
42,34G
37,153

68,575
64, 802
68,030
64,540

2,535
2,293
1,889
2,097

7,355
7,871
8, 450
8,553

2,647
2,524
2,190
2,316

2,384
2,405
2,501
1,905

3,395
3,658
2,934
3,332

40,390
35,328
33, 547
40,503

53,840
54,496
59,961
55,797

2,039
2,378

7,943
8,121

1,830
2,298

1,905
2,229

3,369
3,441

39,287
46,575

53,609
53,313

See footnotes on opposite page also.

8
Combined figures representing average shipments and unfilled orders per firm from reports of 50 identical firms of the National Association of Chair Manufacturers,,
from 42 to 58 firms of the Southern Furniture Manufacturers' Association, and from about 100 firms of the National Alliance of Case Goods Associations.

68690°—23




7

98

PINE LUMBER.
Table 45.—IJTDEX NTTMBEES.
From Government and non-Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
SOUTHERN PINE, LUMBER.*

CALIFORNIA

W E S T E R N PINE.8

NORTHERN PINE."

WHITE PINE.*

Price,*
YEAR AND MONTH.

and
Produc- Ship- Orders. Stocks, better,
end of
tion. ments.
month. Hatticsburg.
Rel. to

Relative to 1917.

1917 monthly average..
1918 monthly average..
1919 monthly average..
1920 monthly average..
1921 monthly average..
1922 monthly average..

1913.

Lumber.
Production.

Ship- Stocks,
end
ments. m o n tof .
h

Relative to 1917. Rel. to
1920.

Production.

Ship- Stocks,
end
ments. m o n tof .
h

Production.

Relative to 1918.

Lath.

Shipments.

Production.

Shipments.

Relative to 1920.

100

1OO

1OO

1OO

114

1OO

1OO

37

90

79

81

147

104

89

1OO

100

90

86

84

68

239

104

99

92

117

100
108

85

75

69

87

234

123

100

1OO

111

113

100

100

1OO

1OO

89

89

90

88

156

68

70

121

74

91

139

85

55

90

155

102

97

101

86

197

110

117

98

126

144

144

111

96

131

175

92

95

91

89

138

100

67

115 1

102

95

199

104

49

97

175

87

84

80

89

141

110

69

122

143

97

143

127

55

124

!

1921.
May
July
August.

100

140

99

69

125

131

84

139

126

50

125

J81

89

141

95

82

127

132

113

151

134

62

134

261

100

115

86

155

78

83

125

112

115

122

109

80

175

200

95

114

119

79

184

75

96

123

111

150

160

84

86

79

206

58

87

120 !

67

116

136

30

93
38

173

98

94
83

81

75

82

189

34

75

119

50

109

150

48

51

55

72

94

76

S3

85

182

32

75

110

39

76

143

56

57

63

03

88

78

82

38

81

103

18

75

142

46

51

54

74

98

101

88
88

189

101

178

61

106

93

14

95

118

86

68

94

143

94

March
April

92

102

100

1922.
January..

73

94

93

....

79

94

92

September
October. .
November

87

...

104

119

180

99

120

91

36

103

108

129

97

140

138
157

120

113

December

88

116

119

84

169

117

189

158

86 !

177

167

130

163

116

212

171

101

97

80

196

130

141

90 i

170

127

145

154

114

207

214

103

115

81

200

161

147

90 !

250

214

161

163

130

197

345

82

78

149
158

127
102

215

204

141

131

112

160

345

86

104 !

233

185

187

135

160

93

134

1S4

184

105

78

159

102

103

89

216

64

113
101

161

95

96
99

113
66

107

102

215
216
214 !

97

SI
105

88
93

87

174

180

48

83

45

96

109
94

123
99

139

84

220

59

117

94 1

53

166

163

86

135

82

221

54

106

S7

43

139

139

84

99
86

94

10S

101

171

114

111

99

81

230

114

84 j

75

96

105

111

271

109

99

77

232

160

!

175

176
171

126

101

131
119

124

124

86

124

226

113

115

91

74

224

180

139

93

274

213

153

184

102

194

226

94

79

72

212

177

126

100

290

219

171

191

99

226

177

107

100

83

78

202

164

104

107

268

213

192

174

81

201

222

113

103

97

78

195

180

119

114

328

246

221

208

98

210

237

106

October

147

150

105

July
August

146

198

105
104

May

isuj

80

113

1923.
7'iiiuflrv
February
March.
\pril..

81

101

105

•.

147

111

106

September
October
November
December

126

10(J

May
June
July
August

98

107

145

105

117

259

195

223

142

95

151

209

111

105

79
79

190

115

192

149

127

121

275

225

247

119

104

127

240

88

I
See footnotes on opposite page also.

between the actual
production of 192
prOdUCtlOn OI loZ m i l l S .
x n e a v c r a g O UIUUUUUOU i l l t u o JJ1M I U U I iiiisui>uo u i JL?IUI t o t j U i w ^ M icci/, io vaiujLi c»o u.\jx iu.c*i p m u u i / i / H M i .
... ;
X K.1 2 <*io iiw O ^V MUK > n u w u u i . i iwi
1 .- V
VI C . I V
orders and shipments since these two items must be governed by production. Assuming that the mills reporting are a good sample of the industry, the resulting figures
are equivalent to the actual production, shipments, and orders of the 192 identical mills, and hence a fair sample of the industry. The same procedure is followed for
stocks except that normal in this case is 1,262,450,326 feet, the average stocks during 16 months ending AprU 1916.
a Data from U. S. Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics, and represent average weekly prices for the month at Hattiesburg, Miss. The 1913 monthly average,
on which the index numbers are based, is $23.04 per thousand feet.




99

PINE LUMBER.
Table 46.—NUMERICAL DATA.
Front Government and non-Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

WESTERN PINE.3

SOUTHERN PINE LUMBER.*

YEAR AND
MONTH.

Produc- Ship- Orders.
tion. ments.

Stocks,
end of
month.

Thousands of feet, board measure.
1917 mo. a v . .

423,509

1918 mo. a v . .

368,325
380,524
358.015
375,438
431,633

441,903 446,405

Priced
"B"
and

better,
Hattiesburg.
PerM
ft.

Ship- Stocks,
end of
ments. month.

1,371,652 $31.54 109,357 1 1 0 , 4 2 3
1,116,259 33.76 113,424 97,784
937,748 55.00 113,794 109,032
1,187,587 74.53 134,467 110,697
74,437
1,211,174 35.98
76,840
1,177,627 45.46 119,956 128,669

379,701

376,070

330,229

306,559

394,812

399,677

430,673

451,395

387,736

418,475

367,357

372,585

370,310

350,318

396,062

413,876

405,114
358,934
324,130
457,054

1,223,441
1,225,461
1,256,643
1,225,839

31.78
32.39
32.27
32.52

109,266
119,831
108,354
103,948

73,942
75,868
76,120
90,397

391,948

443,646
502,702
434,836
360,048

514,465
531,746
386,091
336,716

1,183,042
1,083,311
1,087,727
1,125,979

35. 79
42.57
47.41
43.57

84,984
82.144
a3,155
37.145

91,996
105,780
96,496
82,505

397,553

337,781
345,139
432,948
458,023

369,971
366,147
448,922
531,455

1,172,652
1,200,704
1,208,089
1,159,422

41.96
43.53
40.96
41.35

35,385
41,793
66,509
108,186

May
June
July
August

477.898
449,247
446,468
479,138

556,288
492,198
447,712
453,472

654,505
448,922
434,303
514,465

1,111,878
1,095,580
1,091,060
1,117,534

42.48

160,087
163,816
141,898
175,630

September...
October
November
December

445,258
441,986
443,389
400,815

364,066
371,665
458,362
450,423

347,414
382,847
456,377
461,411

1,207,900
1,273,446
1,274,418
1,218,843

49.45

1923.
January
February
March
April

462,571
400,113
480,966
428,471

543,218
436,772
489,923
482,758

622,750
483,339
443,355
441,903

1,146,677
1,118,834
1,107,612
1,056,358

50.78

May....
June
July....
August.

478,576
450,408
452,243
178,015

509,334
417,506
440,257
456,377

406,131
353,561
372,779
434,933

1,010,591
1,054,133
1,065,574
1,069,295

447,034

430,963

486,292

489,729

477,724
468,769

1,087,475
1,089,368

1921 mo. a v . .
1922 mo. a v . .

1921.
May
Juno
July
August
September...
October
November...
December
1922.
January
February
March
April

September...
October
November
December.

401,484
423,702
389/832

396,120
373,626
428,103

45.63
45.22
46.12

49.86
49.27
49.69

50.80
52.95
53.53

Production.

52,561 31,900
48,263

37,284

881,924

58,368

36,036

1,063,658

39,110

29,114

866,388

66,387

45,784

1,015,276

53,423

30,273

,072,349

75,357

31,097

,103,480

68,597

26,914

,120,913

69,240

36,150

40,273 5 0 , 1 3 9
34,204 27,768
382,216
44,512 48,357

9,581
8,669

9,882

12,574

11,097

9,265
11,870
11,949
12,854

11,135

16,795
8,878
3,659
5,311

12,708

42,068
51,035
50,558
54,047

24,790

324,761
427,720
363,698
401,677

43,767
33,881
12,275
19,205

39,920

22,530
18,612
34,783
52,096

28,444

6,052

5,908

25,565

5,160

4,717

34,295

9,018

9,061

48,416

13,430

8,748

35,445

,052,423

26,278

82,874
89,272
116,551
132,001

966,705
907,712
823,200
805,870

20,318

24,287

9,327

23,893

7,290

30,327

19,149

32,730

381,316
378,640
314,258
287,452

162,776
173,981
155,837
161,840

778,475
758,551
794,040
796,220

60,951
93,099
89,366
131,500

37,878
53,327
40,405
68,128

223,198
347,278
386,171
430,529

6S,252
65,662
62,065
65,741

162,479 140,278
173,178 112,163
149,253 106,071
70,050 109,622

856,094
919,186
993,484
894,211

112,959
122,692
84,497
45,501

65,051
59,088
58,828
55,471

376,117
494,537
489,042
478,054

52,803
45,688
26,693
19,219

64,093 128,711
59,148 116,557
124,18S 144,948
175,232 131,040

830,534

28,097
22,699
39,463
91,929

53,102
44,282
56,156
54,444

432,247
367,597
333,169
328,640

34,736
33,702
38,714
49,748

144,214
152,312
140,679
172,319

68,019
69,947
67,931
78,452

405,835
453,155
507,764
585,358

74,071
76,734
69,978
83,862

62,360
71,821

592,114
654,668

57,379
48,037

44.85

1,003,508

43. 70
44.17

15S, 103 116,224
163,337 140,733

1,035,332

136,178

1,066,073

144,424

947,445

6,357

325,209
382,202
371,804
403,083

,056,576

885,077

Thousands.

267,276

47,808
37,018
34,827

820,640

Shipments.

370,303

36,543

737,489

Production.

287,645

58,348

779,652

Lath.

265,113

58,940

766,391

Shipments.

Thousands of feet,
board measure.

,101,300

153,220
139,096
114,813
131,025

46.57

Production.

,085,943

197,074
193,505
179,098
196,623

51.69
48.87

Ship- Stocks,
end of
ments. month.

Thousands of feet, board measure.

354,287

1920 mo. a v . .

NORTHERN PINE.*
Lumber.

Production.

399,160

1919 mo. a v . .

CALIFORNIA
WHITE PINE.4

27,553
24,890
31,209

47,327
41,799
25,458

13,051
11,504
16,589

10,995
7,635
4,582

58,428

18,115

9,986

58,398

20,287

10,896

57,409

19,880

13,574

64,980

18,877

21,936

56,363

15,324

21,948

53,526

12,909

10,183

52,741

7,503

10,085

41,717

4,329

6,121

49,728

9,025

8,759

42,883

9,671

10,815

52,720

10,607

17,241

43,039

11,896

14,342

51,132 I 18,616

14,381

49,611

2t,668

11,281

40,658 j 19,229

14,105

49,041

20,076

15,091

47,492

14,472

13,306

52,326

12,131

15,257

See footnotes on opposite page also.
Western Pine Manufacturers' Association has supplied figures showing the actual and normal production for the mills reporting in each of the periods shown,
From these figures the per cent of normal production is obtained in each case, and this per cent is applied to the normal production of 54 identical mills. The normal
3 The
^he

Minnesota.




located chiefly in

100

LUMBER—MISCELLANEOUS SOFTWOODS.
Table 47.—INDEX NTJMBEES.
From Government and non-Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
MICHIGAN
SOFTWOODS/

DOUGLAS FIR.1

1909-1913 monthly av.
1913 monthly av
1^14 monthly av
1915 monthly av
1916 monthly av
1917 monthly av.
1918 monthly av
1919 monthly av
1920 mouthlv av
1921 monthly av
1922 monthly av
1921.
September
October
November
December
1922.
January
February
March

Shipments.

Price,2
No. 1,
common.

Relative to 1917.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Rel. to

Production.

Production.

Ship- Stocks,
end of
ments. month.

Production.

Relative to 1917.

1913.

NORTH
CAROLINA
PINE.s

CALIFORNIA
REDWOODS

NORTHERN
HEMLOCK.*

Production.

Shipments.

Relative to 1913.

Ship- Orders
rements. ceived.

Relative to 1918.

Production.

Shipments.

Relative, to 1919.

TOTAL
LUMBER.
ExProports:
duc- Boards,
tion.? p l a n k s ,
etc.8
Rel. to
1913.

Rel. to
5-yr.av.
1OO

i

191

1OO
86
86
1OO

107

110

109

104

82

95

95

84

98

103

51

94

91

97

4S

112

107

100

1OO
89 !

113
100

1OO

172

1OO

I

1OO

2 1OO

|

74

2

w

69

89

104

198
276

65

72

2 50

80

102 1

325

53

37

8 52

72

53

100
96

53

1OO

1OO

100

85

48

97

115

139

1OO

1OO

94

71

118

124

106

98

93

94

85

92

129

39

40

70

45

51

106

100

103

88

90

80

56

126

120

166

45

46

49

62

72 !

131

154

166

153

163

103

72

97

98

114

31

62

71

42

66

113

104

122

95

96

83

56

107

113

114

26

74

63

31

91

113

117

155

115

132

86

09

105

97

125

48

64

60

31

135

171

198

124

134

87

62

99

93

125

31

41

61

26

77
47

105

117

105

126

126

80

85

100

102

125

26

32

56

55

38

100

119

139

124

100

85

116

107

136

18

34

51

35

33

87

131

135

149

128

84

S3
71

115

114

124

24

34

48

54

58

130

156

169

153

156

95

90

ApT'l

121

136

125

51

46

47

66

60 1

126

126

148

158

156

96

74

May
Jun e
July

133

151

147

57

54

46

72

98

169

183

219

155

180

114

76

140

160

147

72

48

47

90

108

133

162

148

158

163

120

85

136

138

158

51

43

58

77

85

122

122

128

162

166

109

05

136

133

179

63

50

43

69

81

168

190

215

160

186

118

69

137

129

212

63

53

50

67

89

136

165

144

361

190

112

138

114

212

49

48

51

63

77

140

125

168

168

204

112

60
62

136

110

212

25

49

47

48

77

176

182

204

107

65

123

212

35

57

43

53

56

84

188

179

161
334

185

104

144

89

65

September...
October
November.
December
1923.
January
February
March
April.
May
June
Julv
August
September
October
November
December

I
i

59 !
52 i

99

150

235

120

134

102

73

117

185

208

120

152

92

74

78

160

233

117

72

128

151

ISO
]53

212

66

216
185

168

115

-Q

73

86

181

201

193

129

147

125

85

90

148

193

136

J26

139

124

81

72

124

143

98

136

125

115

80

74

174

199

176

153

137

127

86
97
89
SS

78
66

68

138

175

147

149

.136

118

72

72

146

132

135

149

156

122

156

212

42

37

44

71

116

149

212

32

33

46

59

148
155

182

234

40

50

176

234

35
32

62

40

75
65

149

166

234

53

54

39

163

177

212

74

50

40

132

144

212

59

46

40

154

154

201

78

40

42

155

165

190

63

46

45

160

161

201

56

35

47

I

1

1

See footnotes on opposite page also.
i The figures of pn
production and shipments of Douglas fir were obtained by applying the percentage figures of actual production and shipments to normal production
of reporting mills as supplied by the West Coast Lumbermen's Association to the actual production of 124 mills for May, 1920. The production in that month was
447,654,540 board feet.
2
Data from U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, and represent average weekly prices for the month for the State of Washington.
3
Data on Michigan softwoods (chiefly hemlock) are actual figures reported by about 40 mills each month to the Michigan Hardwood Manufacturers' Association. The
number of mills varies from 35 to 62, but 44 is the highest number reporting since the beginning of 1920.
4
Compiled by the Northern Hemlock and Hardivood Manufacturers' Association, representing chiefly Wisconsin and upper Michigan mills, from actual reports of from
60 to 75 mills each month.




101

LUINIBEE—MISCELLANEOUS SOFTWOODS.
Table 48L—JTOMEBICAL DATA.
From Government and non- Government sources.
|£aa» year in bald-faced typa; isdex numbers on opposite page.]
DOUGLAS FIR.1
Produc- Shipments.
tion.

1909-13 mo. av.
1913 mo. av
1914 mo. a v —
1915 mo. av
1916 mo. av

Price,*
No.l,
common.

Thousands of feet,
board measure.

YEAR AND
MONTH.

MICHIGAN
SOFTWOODS.'

NORTHERN
HEMLOCK.*

Per
Mfeet

Production.

Ship-

Stocks,
end of
month.

Shipincuts.

Production.

ShipllXWt

NORTH CARO- TOTAL LUMBER.
LINA PINE.6
Production.

received.

37,664
37,603
30,718
31,798

Production.?

Exports:
Boards,
planks,
etc.s

2,197,334
2,102,537
2,086,531
2,262,175

442
86,
32,339
34,653
35,659

849,165
375,128
374,680
380,850
297, 737
440,241

328,201
361,251
355,432
335,735
298,505
408,848

15.875
18.250
25.417
29.917
11.833
15.250

17,288
11,661
11,294
9,207
6,658
7,717

17,741
13,200
12,857
6,494
7,034
8,108

106,216
a
84,180
»52,994
8 55,518
74,724
52,045

35,327
33,643
30,056
27,290
16,986
23,483

33,166
37,974
37 051
19 431
18,435
26,083

37,460
36,404
44,243
39,618
49,035

28,547
32,759
35,337
28,441
44,010

28.U5
39,934
SO, 576
29,472
47,805

September...
October
November...
December

337,973
374,681
366,646
346,634

316,486
366,176
312,477
301,688

10.500
10.500
11.500
11.500

5,403
4,519
8,245
5,386

11,048
13,986
11,277
7,219

75,431
66,576
63,677
64,703

15,705
11,782
11,835
9,953

24,124
33,127
28,1SS
17,076

42,721
42,423
50,, 4S9
39,490

29,817
33,417
48,814
33,280

35,024
44,599
56,320
30,235

1923.
January
February
March
April

350,081
403,802
402,459
422,157

330,831
346,500
367,988
439,169

11.500
12.500
11.500
11.500

4,575
3,117
4,211
8,893

5,720
6,083
6,103
8,157

59,475
54,605
50,752
49,716

20,633
13,368
20,290
24,793

13, 867
11,931
21,051
21,913

37,386
32,64S
48,884
47,099

34,057
39,922
37,536 • 38,841
44.507 j 48,604
35,888 i 42,479

May
June
July
August..

464,686
488,861
476,199
475,878

487,518
518,407
445,625
430,215

13. 500
13.500
14.500
16.500

9,832
12,406
8,846
10,863

9,546
8,563
7,563
8,882

48,807
50,137
61, 475
45,798

27,187
33, 879
2S,857
26,112

35,030 1
1
39,240
30,971
29,570

03,162
49,736
45,614
62,827

September
October
November
December

477,222
4S2,145
474,961
364,436

415,442
369.332
356.333
398, 815

19; 500
19.500
19.500
19.500

10,901
8,548
4,299
6,112

9,345
8,489
8,701
10,149

53,607
54,454
50,085
45,633

25,073
23,649
17,963
19,997

32,333
50,901
28,171 1 52,531
1
27,888 !| (36,105
20,425 !| 31.527

1923.
January
February
March
April

424,242
403,561
515,698
539,871

5Q3, 701
480, 289
589,561
568,074

19.500
19.500
21.500
21. 500

7,243
5,556
5,981
5,505

6,537
5,839
7,128
10,949

46,418
4S, 436
53,490
42,980

26,614
22,320
28,334
24,636

21,535 I1
19,109!!
28,432'
24,117 ,
!

May....
June...
July....
August.

521,070
567,626
461,532
537,185

534,972
573,266.
4titi, 904
496, S97

21.500
19.500
19.500
18.500

9,180
12,868
10,259
13,476

9,551
8,913
8,227
7,057

41,100
42,085
42,22S
44,707

27,640 j 31,170 jj
32,080 32,656 !
|
30,344
26,364 :
j
30,731
26,961 ;
j

37,004 42,; 99 < 67,422 ;
40,950
40
43,896 1 52," I 59,658
59,844! 61,790 66,878 . 41.090
47,855 52,744
43,347 | 61,460
52,500
67,938 57,326
55,336' 44,170
55,312 j 54,98(i j 38,966 \ 42,980
4l!,:K5 ! 50,712 2S,147 ! 4i.U)20
65,222! 50,912 50,570
52,500

September
October
November
December.

542,110
557,330

532,261
521,518

17.500
18.500

10,952
9,725

8,218
6,205

48,120
49,806 !

29,293 I 24,743 i
24,711 ; 26,260 I

51,625
50.020
54,774 : 37,599

1917 m o . a v . . .
1918 m o . a v . . .
1919 m o . a v . . .
1920 m o . a v . . .
1921 mo. a v . . .
1922 m o . a v . . .

Ship-

Thousands of feet, board measure.

$9,208
7.917
7.875
10.375

I

Production.

CALIFORNIA
REDWOODS

178,388
216,066
149,145
93,959
91,216
85,220
85,452
109,268
129,227
100,5S7
128,515

84,230
33,514
30,164
52,543

32,179
29,791
29,052
52,496

2,141,144
1,874,419
2,069,522
2,059,875
1,762,264
2,270,551

32,396
39,347
42,497
43,190

30,758
42,406
42,980
40,530

1,824,442
1,888,226
1,916,251
1,765,825

100,585
123,264
110,902
151,268

42,490
50,890
52,290
54,ISO

32,270
41,090
50,050
50,330

1,865,240
1,837,104
2,078,404
2,103,965

148,675
125,973
159,869
132,807

52.378
46.363
34,81S
54,118

62,945 | 52,900 j 57,890
51,250 i 52,3 (X)
42,412
53,480
36,703
55,370
59,930
61,945
54,600

2,497,962
2,641,883
2,405,874
2,583,080

135,953
152,379
115,858
123,233

47,223
35,659
51,9SS
53,5S9

41,447
48,366
58,499
51,492

61,ISO
65,660
59,500
46,214

2,452,180
2,466,850
2,359,837
1,954,228

106,943
110,152
115,243
115,097

1921.
j:
j1
j
!

55,230
57,400
55,090
4-5,731 I

j

j
I
i
j
|
|
!
\
i
42,148
51,135 i
MS, 921 ! 50,869 i

2,231,014
130.772
43,120
2,020,775
132,534
48,930
128.773
2,562,294
ti8,110
141,630
2,518,479
54,040
47,460 I 2,742,801 ! 152,927
2,731,978
172,256
44,870
15S/J37
40,110 | 2,523,128
157,710
44,170 i 2, 785,918
':
43,750 j| 2,589,737
128,171
50,295 ]'
127,844

.1.

See footnotes on opposite page also.
6
The California Redwood Association lias furnished to the Bureau of the Census the figures on the actual production, shipments, and orders received by 7 identical mills
for each month of 1918,1919, and 1920. These 7 mills represent 40 per cent of the capacity of all listed mills for these years. For the tirst 4 months of 1921 reports were furnished from 10 mills representing 56$ per cent of the capacity of all listed mills, l o r the remaining months of 1921 reports are available from 11 mills representing 71 per
cent of the total listed capacity, and for 1922 reports are available from 14 mills representing 73 per cent of the total listed capacity. The actual average monthly production
of the 7 reporting mills for 1918 was 14,984,000 feet. On the basis of 40 per cent capacity, the 1918 average monthly production of all mills is computed as 37,460,000 feet.
Kegarding this as normal production, there has been computed the probable production of the total redwood capacity based on the proportion which capacity of the reporting
mills bears to the total of all mills. The columns on shipments and orders received represent a similar relationship between the actual reported figures and the total capacity
of all mills.
6
Data computed from reports on actual production and shipments as furnished by the North Carolina Pine Association, Inc., for mills varying in number from 31 to 5<i.
Q?he computed figures given are obtained by first determining for a givennmonth the per cent which the actual production is of the normal p odu
production of the identical mills
g
g
e
e y s e
e
g o g e
th
pe e w
e
p
p
reporting This pe cent is then applied to an arbitrary figure of 70000000 board feet which represent the app r o x m t e monthly average normal p d i
l production of the mills
f h ill
g
approximate
reporting.
his per ent
arbtrary figure
70,000,000
feet, whch represents
app
y
g
ch
t f t l h i t to
d t i is
l i d to the
td
which reported in 1919. A similar percent of actual shipments t normall production i applied t t h .same fi
figure t obtain th computed shipment figures. The resulting
to b t i the
t
g
p
p td p d
g
figures represent a computed production as of identical mills for each month. The figures are of the same order of magnitude as the actual reported product ion and shipdifferent
reporting different months
m nts, but avoid the rather wide variations due to different mills reporting in different months.
ments, b t
t7
id th th
variations
Figures in this column represent the t t l cut of 10 species of l b l l
Fi
i thi l
t th total t f 10
i
f lumber—yellow pine, Douglasfir,hemlock, western pine, redwood, maple, birch, beech, white fir, and
i
D l
sugar pine—representing over 70 per cent of the total cut of lumber in the United States. Annual figures for 1913 and 19i 4 are from actual reports to the r. 8. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, and from 1915 through 1920 are computed on the basis of actual reports to the Forest Service. Monthly figures for 1920 are obtained by prorating the cut of each species as reported by the associations whose figures are carried in these columns to the Forest Service totals. For subsequent months prorating is
done on an approximate average for the years 1917 to 1920.
8
Exports of lumber are from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.




102

FLOORING AND NAVAL STORES.
Table 49.—INDEX NXJMBEES.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
OAK FLOORING.

MAPLE FLOORING.

YEAR AND
MONTH.

ROSIN.'

Unfilled
Unfilled
Net
Net
Produc- Ship- Stocks, Orders orders, Produc- Ship- Orders Stocks, orders, receipts Stocks receipts Stocks
end of
end of booked. end of
tion. ments. booked. month. end of 3 ports). (3 ports). (3 ports). [3 ports).
tion. ments. month*
month.
month.
Relative to 1913.

Relative to 1919.

av...
av
av...
av...
av...
av...

Relative to 1919-20.*

71

100
103
83
114

1OO

1OO

1OO

70

103

36

70

69

199

63

27

101

180

84

53

77

131

1OO

100
122
156
187

1OO

167
73
151
161
186
343

100

76

100
112
138
173

1909-1913 mo. av. .
1913 monthly a v . . .
1914 monthly a v . . .
1915 monthly a v . . .
1916 monthly av .
1917 monthly
1918 monthly
1919monthly
1920monthly
1921 monthly
1922monthly

TURPENTINE.'

174

147
78
193
104
230
389

277

256

288
109
207
178
149
456

114
148
191

92
184
130
226
398

183
232
250

294
160
258
375

85
100
80
98
210

192
240

150
165
166

100
143
141
147

358
383
100
109
149
80

143
83
100
123
128
151

155

150

174
150
173
151
84

137
162
161
135
1OO
100
157
151

!

September
October
November
December . .
1922.
January..
February
March.
April

May
June.
July...
August
September
October
November
December .
1923.
January
February
March.
April
May

85
88

444

50

59

166

99

443

56

36

134

;

127

174

209

444

51

55

94

65
46
33

21

i

153

199

229

413

84

92

91

52

|

36

200

30

13

42

198

42

16

81

62

203

51

17

74

57

206

61

|

70

158
145

189

211

194

397

127

169

124

104

156

204

229

200

418

153

220

119

141

154

23

193

212

180

391

138

239

157

157

167

28

235

261

134

222

170

162

164

83

67

206

72

25

90

69

209

57

27

77

66

209

49

84

80

202

75

to
O

May
June
July
August

64
83

53
47

393

*. to
S CO

1921.
January
February
March
April

371

132

192

179

154

162

308

287

153

187

140

156

389

232

290

161

206

171

153

214

242

288

151

215

203

168

46

172

109

163

21

107

69

149

22

62

79

141

86

36

104

127
126

75

80

187

68

28

223

280

108

93

185

105

38

244

353

113

94

184

102

46

254

325

117

76

200

49

36

262

301

110

72

216

50

32

289

249

223

305

293

92

67

222

57

31

259

274

263

321

288

92

90

221

87

39

305

378

385

312

344

94

88

217

98

48

298

370

491

296

462

110

116

196

130

66

328

420

501

261

557

188

15

166

118

121

173

98

69

352

477

401

225

530

205

35

180

143

104

109

159

78

65

361

404

350

230

492

212

53

176

154

130

118

151

84

59

415

450

425

234

513

225

83

190

164

125

107

150

85

58

358

427

360

235

496

196

95

180

167

134

103

158

83

57

395

486

393

211

445

174

103

142

166

127

110

155

80

54

402

440

480

213

486

174

129

189

176

136

108

163

102

58

352

408

392

236

564

163

144

199

174

139

112

162

173

94

412

402

494

283

695

68

125

122

169

113

96

165

113

105

366

417

548

281

785

39

94

83

141

123

129

150

129

111

483

582

649

281

908

36

47

87

111

114

128

123

77

96

460

534

414

264

791

107

49

116

101

120

110

124

57

90

519

533

372

298

683

224

59

189

105

105

93

122

35

74

514

467

247

375

531

256

42

209

107

July
August

105

89

122

40

57

457

294

452

441

266

68

227

109

124

99

127

51

49

486

374
501

450

451

377

287

95

247

131

September ..
October.

104

84

128

61

46

42S

508

582

448

453

234

117

204

144

438

518

501

429

481

218

119

206

147




See footnotes on opposite page.

103

FLOORING AND NAVAL STORES.
Table 50.—NUMERICAL

DATA.

From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on apposite page.]

TURPENTINE.*

OAK FLOORING.

MAPLE FLOORING.

Unfilled
Unfilled j Net
Produe-! Ship- Stocks, Orders orders, Produc-j Ship- Orders Stocks, orders, i receipts Stocks
end of
end of
end of
tion. i meiits. booked. month. end of 1(3 ports).
tion. ments. month.
month.
month.

Y E A R AND
MONTH.

Thousands of feet, board measure.
1909-1913 mo. av..
1913 monthly av.,
1914 monthly av..
1915 monthly av..
1916 monthly av..

4,572
6,075
7,464
9,205
11,563 j

1917 m o n t h l y a v . . l

11,120 j
4,858 !
10,101 '
10,745
12,411
22, 877

.1,848

1919 m o n t h l y a v . . ! 1 0 , 0 3 9
1920monthly a v . . i
1921 m o n t h l y a v . . |

1922 month! \' a v . . j
I
|
!
j
|

May....
June
July....
August.
September
October
November
December

Net

Stocks
(3 ports).

Barrels.

4,572

4,719

11,780

6,160

0,009

0,104

9,000

7,250

7,419
16,500
9,525
20,900
11,429 ! 22,500

5,800

26,494 !.

7,100

22,807 ;

59,721

92,260

15,250 |!

26,312 |

74,513 ;:

93,023

275,273 ;
325,956 !

20,900 j!

23,034 j 111,396 <
:

80,202

322,345 i

6,877
8,894
11.470

II

83,914

I

191S m o n t h l y a v . . !

1921.
January
February
March
April

ROSIN.*

10,383 I 8,259
8,121
8,378 j
11,418 | 11,035

5,289
4,754
8,101
7,479

|
|
j
|
|

8,311
9,038
7,721
8,438
j

7,510
10,851
11,329
; 11,713 j

;

1932.
January
February
March
April

I
|
j
;
I

May
June
July
August

4,250
4,9G3
7,300
6,741

15,448
15,963
30,749
27,768

14,103

30,SS6
30,620
31,314
31,896

4,299
5,947
7,253
8,630

5,106
8,991
12,214

5,113 ;
6,112 j
6,392 J
8,150 j

4,269
5,508
8,464
10,222

23,723 j

5,217
5,355
12,742
14,002

39,949
39,843
39,998
37,213

3,620 ji

8,919 I

51,563 jj

36,234 |

310,905 J

4,095 |l

5,455

41,755 |i

25,935 '•

3,666 |j

29,299 ;i

IS, 507 ;

6,111 |j

8,430 I
14,055 j

23,412

29.356 -

316,440 |
289,971
301,713

11,869 |
12,186 |
10,996 j
15,256 |

35, 764
37,588
35,201
35,352

9,240 {
'

25,768 I

38,418 |!

58,293 I

312,507 |

11,095 I

33,468 j

36,949 jj

78,883 |

9,969 |;

36,435 !

48,775 ! |

88,097

9,722 !;

33,773 j

52,861 ] |

90,430 I

308,341 I
335,674 j
323,907 I

16,667
27,559
23,771
13,070

33,415
27,742
20,922
21,763

9,552 '

29,204 \

55,509

86,008

20,808 j I

23,328 :

58,066 i|

78,115
95,501

7,800

4,182 •

5,966 j
10,474 I
11,981 |
j

9,632 j 10,868 | 14,900 !
16,266 |
16,933 |
13,894 j 17,510 !
6,927 !

16,837
21,209
19,544
18,065

9,472
11,060
11,141
9,042

28,893
2S,516
28,383
30,865

14,897 I 14,597 j
14,517 j 17,481 j

7,813

23,945

11,070

15,670

9,469

10,162 9,89"
8,100
10,311
6,968
8,961
10,541 j
10,564

S,234

13,595

24.900
26,500
14,433
23,237
33,729
23,005

5,537 I

12,609
13,636
12,895
15,717 |

31,896
32,271
32,268
31,ISO

7,963

12,702
13,767
12, 737

j
;
i
!

j
J
11,024
9,274
9,232
9,478

8,533
7,947
10,011
10.429

33,329

|
'
!
'

11,031

13,725
14,280
12,956
14,002

30,215
26,719
24, 528

September
October
November
December

;

12,518
12,705
13,442 j 12,243
12,755 i 13,010
13,048 ! 12,702

1923.
January
February
March
April

I
I 13,929
! 11,333
! 12,344
| 11,401

May
June
July
August

| 12,069
I 10,509
I 10,590
\ 12,447

September
October

j
j

;
;

38,389
26,723 |
10,193
20,209

8,956 j
4,781 |
11,782 |
6,343
14,058

10,446

11,866
10,434
13,047

7,051
8,105
12,323
13,902

34 187
33,467

23, 272

12,226
11,818
14,905
IS, 426

18,387
13,920
11,07*
11,950

34,248

25; 109 i
26,330 |
25,076 '
22.60S !

24,551 j

63,913 j!

20,888 jj

23,070 !

66,965 j; 113,524

27,467
28,856
28,090
26,615

21,330 ;

7,054;
3,240 i
3,301 j
13.139 |

53,423 ; 61.209
33,204 : 38,533 \
19.280 ! 44,069 !
11,081 ! 58,015 i

40,417
38,434
35.637
37.173

4,601
28,659 i
10,731
31,306 I
32.306 | 16,491
34.346 ! 25.849

i
i

14,970 |

13,606 j

16,455 I

16,063 j

22,690 I

23,479 |

22,227 ;

29,951
30,608 I

28,646 !

24,472 j

24,261 |

21.340 j

27,037 ••

25,971 •

23,534
20,245
20,712
21,054

21,991
23,973
29,269
23,948

!
i
;
:

20,120
19,014
19,132
21,230

20,907 !
24,935 ;
33,501 j
i

i

10.422

12,093

22,397

24,344 !

11,791

21,N72 ;

23,908 I

11,281 j 20,580
14,444
22,324 j;

23.903
25,672 i
26,357
29,185
26,828 | 26,431
23,473 j 74,510 j

30,084 j
40,200 !
42,434 !
30,722 i

27,473
24,421
32,236
30,706

(
|
!
j

24,162
25,031
34,964
32,068

30,137
33,458
39,641
25,298

;
]
:
|

25,447
25;301
25,297
23,749

32,009
28,067
22,501
30,108

22, l»77
15,081
17,924 I
27,444 |

20, SIG
33,793
40,708
40,634

30,421
31,117

35,538 •
30,551 j

40,306
38.646

23,111 |

25,150 •

i

13,269

25,023 j

11,354

25,539 j

15,329

23,161

15,181

19,060

24,4S1
16,033
18; 321
10,924

12,999

19,131

8,034

34,578

34,636 !

11,033

IS, 867

4,987

28,265 | •

34,342

10,515

IS,829

5,671

21,715 jj

30,489

11,718

19,552

7,163

18,081 !i

32, 429

9, {'33

19.794

8,603

17,671 !|

28,546
29,267

324,486
313,904
307,496
336,680

21,022 !!

25,251

21,914
23,495
24,082
27,669

I j 19,262
j; 17,282
: 20,367
i. 19,892

12,736 ! 119.138 f 46,423
270,594 !
15,038 |i 15,240 j 31,092
55,937 200,621 j
12,902 :
200,226 |
21,869 ; 34,013 «
68,983
10,810 |
314,974
21,436 i 46,315 j :
71,835
303,873 :
24,819
33,000 J; 22,425
84,653
7,900 j;

I

j1 93,019
i 100,556
; 98.368
: 100,008 i
;

327,932
299,305
282,428 !
255,326 )
251,823 I
287,138 j
308,027 !
329,268 !

35.957 !

29.797 !

29.001 !

100,522 ;

32,290 j;

20,454 j

31,949 :

79,385

;

332, 747

35,203 !

20,582 !

40,101 "
i

105.800 I

352,465

40,925 1
1

24,835 :

44,774 ;

111,108

349,917

335,702

398 j

10,320

3$, 75$

67,967

;

33*, 957 |

930 j

5,914

29.238 |

46,644 i

282,610 j

823 i

5,431

14,596 :

48.445 j

222,501 !

10,207 I

15,312 '

05,058 <

202.391 i

j
54$ j

34,130 j

38,224 !

,530 |

39,014 i

13,113 i

,ooo i

40,580 |

355 i

43,078 ';

29,672 '

105, 020 !
116, 902 !
127, 098 ;
138. 320 !

211, 003
215, 100
219, 135
203, 457

35,693 |
33,253 j

30,375 ji 114,308 j
37,141 |; 115,428 ,

350

|

32,873 |;
34,868 ; |

j

289,564
295,389 j

1
Data on maple flooring (including also birch and beech) are from reports of 20 identical mills to the Maple Flooring Manufacturers' Association, said to repi
iresent
about 70 per cent of the industry; data on oak flooring from reports of the Oak Flooring Manufacturers' Association, by 25 mills, said to represent about 90 per cent < the
of
total oak flooring industry; receipts and stocks at end of month of turpentine and rosin at Jacksonville, Savannah', and Pensacola compiled from reports of Savannah
Board of Trade, Jacksonville Chamber of Commerce, Pensacola Chamber of Commerce, and the Naval Stores Review.
2-Monthly averages for y««rs refer to seasons beginning April 1, of year indicated.




104
BRICK.
Table 51.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
CLAY FIRE BRICK.a

Produc- Shiption.
ments.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Stocks.

New
orders.

SILICA BRICK.'

Unfilled
orders.

Production.

Ship-

Stocks.

Produc- Finished Unfilled
stocks
tion. at yards. orders.

Shipments.

Relative
to 1920.

Relative to 1919.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

WHOLESALE
PRICES.

FACE BRICK.*

av.
av.
av.
av.
av.

av...
av...
av...
av...

Common
brick,
red,
New
York.

Relative to 1913.

1OO
99
97
97
100

1918 monthly a v . . .
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly
1922 monthly

Common
brick,
salmon,
run of
kiln,
Chicago.

182
243
333
232
265

105
144

1OO
157
182
178

1OO
176
64
121

1OO
95
145

151
181
232
189
186

103
99
100

123
142
139
153

157
175
181
185

71
85
77
73

99
126
122
137

177
170
172
172

221
221
225
225

28
34
38
52

101
101
99
93

126
137
119
103

188
176
186
207

67
63
58
52

121
134
84

171
174
175
181

232
229
229
221

59
52
56
75

87
86

73
67
126
144

213
211
216
199

53
76
100
118

46
65
126
171

170
170
173
173

232
255
248
255

91
93
90
86

187
183
140
165

188
176
147
150

173
151
147
152

209
207
167
189

177
178
186
177

302
307
307
290

81
94
81

89
95
101
108

154
182
151
149

138
160
161
182

139
134
105
96

149
151
145
110

178
182
176
177

255
232
225
266

102
103
119
99

102
103
127
103

111
109
107
101

129
102
147
150

191
208
217
192

149
226
245

137
98
160
189

178
177
175
178

305
305
305

119
109
103
88

128
115
104
88

101
99
99
100

167
157
163
171

179
173
199
177

197
188
168

211
176
170
174

178
176
175
184

305
309
320
311

94

71

100
102

6 140
165

6 134
141

146
116

139
162

305

86

70
80

175

93

120
G3
92

1OO
123
57
90

1OO
93
99
110

1OO
120
45
95

1OO
195

1921.
May
June
July
August

49
53
43
52

45
43
43
52

99
103
103
103

41
44
33
47

September
October
November
December

49
60
63
67

51
63
58
60

102
100
102
105

1922.
January
February
March
April

59
68
84
82

62
59

100
106
107
108

May....
June
July....
August.

92
95
93
102

87
90
91
97

110
111
114
117

September..
October
November..
December..

96
110
111
106

104
117
107
108

113
110
112
112

1923.
January
February
March
April

128
111
131
127

114
105
139
129

May....
June
July....
August.

133
126
118
123

September..
October
November..
December..

110
120

100

1OO
84
92
122
135

106
37

1OO
111
35
75

1OO
103
100
92

36
37
32
29

17
28
13
27

37
18
22
27

50
59
58
54

29
27
28
25

33
32
33
34

61
70
84

25
32
34
42

47
47
65
70

48
61
72
79

87
82
81

116
99
105

85
76
76
72

91
112
99
97

118
118
115
114

126
131
193
130

80
95
126
129

131
119
114
117

114
117
120
122

103
90
93
98

115
99
90
81

100
111

125 "
129

100

58

112
108
102

76
89
83

100
117

290

I

See footnotes on opposite page also.
1 Except wholesale prices, monthly averages, from U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. The sources of the other data in this table are: Clay fire and
Silica brick from the Refractories Manufacturers' Association and face brick from the American Face Brick Association.
2 Figures for 1921 are from reports of 68 identical mills with a monthly capacity of 78,645,942 bricks, which is estimated by the association to represent from 68 to 70 per
cent of the total clay fire brick capacity of the United States. Figures for 1919, 1920, and 1922 are computed to this capacity, respectively, from reports from 53,56, and
60 mills having a monthly capacity for the years in question of 71,572,186 and 73,520,103, and 73,307,190 bricks.




105

BRICK.
Table 52.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
SILICA BRICK.3

CLAY F I R E BRICK.*

Y E A R AND MONTH.

Production.

UnShipNew
filled
ments. Stocks. orders. orders.

ProShipduc- ment*. Stocks.
tion.

Production.

Thousands of bricks.
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly

average.,
average..
average.
average..
average..

Common ComFinbrick, mon
ished
UnShip- salmon, brick,
stocks filled ments, run of
red,
at
orders.
kiln,
New
yards.
ChiYork.
cago.
Thousands of bricks.

Per thousand.

average.
average.
average.
average.
average.

1918
1919
1920
1921
1922

WHOLESALE
PRICES.

FACE BRICK.!

$4.94
4.87
4.7S
4.78
4.95

$6.56
5.53
6.05
8.04
8.89
11.93
15.96
21.85
15.25
17.36

50,727
60,715
32,029
46,512

50,648
62,438
29,114
45,353

138,810
129,235
136,967
152,632

51,434
61,809
22,958
49,075

93,746
182,513
35,976
54,836

14,062
14,904
5,246
11,095

14,008
15,580
4,865
10,522

41,750
42,911
41,563
38,287

15,647
18,362
16,383
22,460

34,010
53,269
61,983
60,655

27,525
48,430
17,489
33,257

20,202

7.45
8.95
11.44
9.33
8.71

May....
June
July....
August.

24,958
26,967
21,909
26,189

22,791
21,862
21,587
26,485

137,178
142,283
142,604
142,308

21,075
22,397
16,851
24,190

33,830
34,365
29,629
27,334

2,442
3,879
1,847
3,836

5,161
2,455
3,150
3,752

41,385
42,809
41,507
41,591

19,184
22,266
21,771
23,921

53,2S0
59,5S6
61,577
62,8S0

19,524
23,276
21,222
19,987

13,789
17,537
17,018
19,179

8.74
8.41
8.49
8.51

14.50
14.50
14.75
14.75

September..
October
November..
December..

24,641
30,409
31,921
34,000

25,931
32,115
29,230
30,596

141,017
139,311
142,002
145,406

25,512
30,133
29,964
27,915

27,033
25,149
25,883
23,108

4,633
4,554
4,572
4,754

3,883
4,806
5,282
7,321

42,341
42,089
41,379
38,812

19,649
21,491
18,607
16,178

63,807 18,309
59,969 I 17,393
63,327 15,979
70,314 14,228

16,876
18,764
11,690
8,733

8.46
8.57
8.63
8.93

15.25
15.00
15.50
14.50

January..
February.
March
April

30,121
34,683
42,626
41,446

31,301
30,043
38,694
38,458

138,574
146,911
149,034
150,292

31,222
35,941
43,098
45,851

23,751
30,357
31,537
39,402

6,5S1
6,663
9,120
9,830

8,246
7,263
7,837
10,485

36,344
35,743
36,944
36,316

11,438
10,495
19,756
22,587

72,391 14,569
71,800 i 21,040
73,520 | 27,403
67,511 ! 32,512

6,491
9,130
17,589
23,S51

8.40
8.38
8.55
8.52

15.23
16.75
16.25
16.75

May....
June—
July....
August.

46,794
48,367
47,266
51,828

44,120

49,075

152,259
153,517
158,236
162,876

45,300
56,861
67,557
74,399

12,233 10,704
11,578 10,676
11,332 12,533
9,666 11,687

37,845
38,747
37,572
35,743

29,264
28,673
21,922
25,756

63,867
59,804
49,959
51,080

47,572
43,283
40,434
41,781

29,202
28,923
23,379
26,361

8.73
8.78
9.16
8.72

19.81
20.15
20.15
19.00

September
Octobor
November
December

48,839
55,996
56,546
53,637

52,693
59,299
54,423
54,502

156,899
152,101
155,876
155,011

51,041
57,805
55,681
52,300 I
i
59,771 |
51,120 !
54,187 i
50,884 I

79,511
70,860
71,096
07,400

12,861
15,755
13,871
13,653

11,332
13,161
11,359
10,977

37,108
39,730
42,269
45,081

24,076
28,555
23,689
23,309

46,855
54,473
54,689
61,908

38,313
36,836
28,947
26,388

20,870
21,075
20,255
15,290

8.80
8.97
8.70
8.75

16.75
15.25
14.75
17.48

64,804

57,569
53,222
70,624
65,276

163,977
163,126
159,ISO
157,685

64,883 75,421
67,164 88,713
99,330 j 118,284
66,613 | 120,564

14,308 14,281
14,541 14,418
16,793 17,S04
13,9S1 14,363

46,174
45,492
44,481
42,242

20,149 64,877
16,012 70,751
23,004 I 73,756
23,515 | 65,447

41,087
51,296
62,139
67,371

19,087
13,660
22,384
26,423

8.77
8.73
8.65
8.79

20.00

66,299
60,321
57,569
59,456

158,864
162, 404
166,493
169,325

53,080
46,244
47,659
50,648

107,352
93,274
84,308
75,500

16,684
15,264
14,499
12,397

17,995
16,056
14,581
12,260

42,297
11, 504
41,450
41,586

26,057 60,939
24,640 58,875
25,494 | 67,787
26,786 60,197

57,363
54,128
51,826
46,252

29,421
24,563
23,707
24,334

8.79
8.71
8.65
9.10

20.00
20.30
21.00
20.39

50,727
56,468

173,493
178,841

48,446
47,974

73,219
64,332

9,967
12,124

9,830
11,250

41,723
42,597

5 21,862 I 6 45,463 40,134
25,805 47,861 31,979

19,439
22,646

8.63

20.00
19.00

13,967
13,328

1921.

45,772
45,851

1923.
January
February
March
April

May
June
July....
August.
September
October
November
December,

56,075
66,456
•

64,647
67,242
63,861
60, OSS
62,209

55,839
I 61,265
1.,
»... I

20.00
20.00
20.00

T

See footnotes on opposite page also.
a Figures for 1921 are from reports of 15 identical mills with a monthly capacity of 27,305,500 bricks, which is estimated by the association to represent from 78 to 80i per
Cent of the total silica brick producing capacity of the United States. Figures for earlier years are computed to this capacity from reports of 12 ident ical mills with a monthly
Capi

4CTL°ttg^
include data from 32 identical firms reporting to the American Face Brick Association each month. Comparable monthly data for the months
of 1919 and 1920 are shown in the April " Survey" (No. 20.)
3 pJtor^SOTtemffprocliictioii figures included common and culls not infrequently burned in face-brick kilns and since Septemlier. data represent; finished face brick
drawn from kiluVhowevor it is estimated that the difference in the methods of reporting has no serious effect on the comparability o the data. 1 or stocks, data prior to
<
w S n b e rinc hided the yard or shea inventory plus the estimate of the number of formed brick in the kilns which would turn out to be lace brick, while since September
dSta onstocks p r e s e n t C l a S y o T f i S l face brick on yards. From September forward data on stocks are not directly comparable with those given tor preceding
months-




106

ENAMELED SANITARY WARE.
Table 53.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data oil opposite page.]

BATHS.
YEAR AND MONTH.

SINKS.

LAVATORIES.

TOTAL
SMALL
WARE.*.

MISCELLANEOUS.

OrdeTS 1 Orders
Orders
Orders
Orders
Orders Unfilled Orders
Orders Unfilled
shipped. Stocks. received* orders. shipped. Stocks. received. shipped. Stocks. received. shipped. Slocks. received. orders. !
Relative

Relative to 1919.

mis rtio. av

i1 Relative

Relative to 1919.

t o 1921.3

to 1921.3

1918 mo. av
1919 mo. av
1920 mo av
1921 mo. av
1922 mo. av

104

98

Ill

123

1915 mo. av
1916 mo. av
1917 mo. av

115

108

106

122

122

129

103

148

143

136

144

90

98

89

7S

1

130

50

144
1OO

71

SI

100

1OO

149
120

59
129

335

47

61

116

40

S2

90

61

100

100

1OO

1OO

100

1OO

100

31

73

110

53

65

309

59

66

127
195

3 1OO

95
100

112

53

179
98

209

!

100

50
;

i

78

77

122

89

73

119

112

76

55

156

172

73

139

150

84

142

j 3100
312

•

1921.
May

101

230

51

107

June . .....
July

118

i

202

63

126

142

•

154

68

116

no

89

.
1

114
123

84

63

•

124

84

103

115

63

87

74

j

123

88

78

115

117

84

!

124

95

83

i

121

94

69

117

120

70

135

92

87

•

134

103

81

125

132

88

92

134

102

88

131

118

92

170

85

110

154

103

108

103

163

September
October
November . . .
December

157

.

75

82

104

145

85

183

•

71

89

97

I

169

67

111

148

96

59

74

'

120

72

70

1

130

91

71

117

101

126

60

73

99

80

68

I

105

106

71

97

115

91

75

112

131
134
112
95

j

92

71

j

73'

100

72

1923.
140

S4

105

I

138

73

109

;

135

103

90

137

104

130

|

135

70

106

I

154

73

93

i

135

103

81

125

101

84

i

89

189

167

91

112

I

199

90

130

;

166

122

1GS

158

108

115

|

107

143

154

164

222

75

138

107

160

174

107

153

!

Mav
June

127

152
226

February
March

181

178

97

192

I 33S

160

66
56

189
141

171
142

177
147

!

174

47

117

83
79
74

135

!

63

13S

237

82

215

358

235

56

262

90

184

434

224

221

71
54

142

468

184

49
45

IIS

431

206

42

134

219

50

.114

449

193

135

166

40

12S

228

64

110

431

191

38
40

127

117

154

63

124

!

3%

79

461

197

43

148

149

63

150

I

435

62

497

200

43

169

189

49
52

158

229

128
137

178
177

44

217

151

107

70

156

;

495

248
240

96

191

609

199

43

232

214

47

1SS

72

223

j

642

95

186

714

182

40

212

182

48

190

15S

62

180

i

267

Julv

113

100

167

732

229

36

201

210

49

169

190

68

161

81

200

36

186

179

40

151

204
227

September.
October...
November
December.

•

200
197

151
i

!

'

150

431
393
337

1923*
February....

243.

:

144

749

254

78

107

701

226

28

133

193

38

118

215

67

682

206

30

101

187

35

84

221

63

91
93

585

207

31

103

182

30

590

259

30

132

771
818

1S2

07

148

1

851

195

60

144

I

825

199

57

102

iso

57

114

210

59

124

1

Mav
Julv

253

September..
Octol>er..




:

105

«
•

!

780
'

099
010

39

241

66

102

473

235

28

116

70

146

465

309

31

172

248

101

182

51

100

580

42

150

228

02

145

569

188

310

113

!

See footnotes oa opposite page.

|
|

107

ENAMELED SANITARY WARE.
Table 54.—NUMEBJCA1 DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.

MISCELLANEOUS.
YEAR AND
MONTH.

49,527
55,769
65,230
44,888
19,495 |

1918mo. av

60, 530 j

21,514

1920 m o . a v
1921 mo. av
1922 mo. a v

July
August

|
|

49,314
56,515

September
October
November
December

} 54,377
63,217

145,329

32,697
132,369 ( 34,322
45,768 139,751 | 73,612
51,438
43,302
53,438
58,169
89,331

34,608 | 42,175 j 69,872
51,441 | 20,951 ; 36,774

1919 mo. av

125,814
66,333
111,764
91,879

35,089
88,018
57,502
64,577
122,366

23,405
28,383
31.062
33,640
44, 287

77,034

79,869
47,410
89,394
67,429

99,525
85,062
64,969
49,009

35,717
43,973
47,187
61,861

43,668
51,344
47,357
42,218

52,323
56,278
56,733
61,667

117,422
121,969
132,453
128,354

46,686
54,428
61,378
63,882

67,487
66,924
65,861
73,047

105,916
110,776
118,638
129,570

63,250
68,858
60,449
71,191

29,341
32,674
33,155
35,616

31,474
30,010 I

57,024
62,279

43,375
39,412
30,763
29,987

66,328
77,293
54,924
45,176

118,272
94,091
100,912
111,834

67,381
81,978
51,677
49,961

73,101
92, 820
70,899
57,430

127,822
107,332
114,830
133,014

77,359
97,104
62,228
62,222

37,268
43,792
33,330
27,518

94,134
82,017
80,980
91,643

38,359
45,137
31,537
29,879

117,101

3$, 831
35,446
44,912
49,402

83,242
80,742
86,334
85,528

54, 545
35,240
48,062
63,910

128,811
114,967
138,374
206,084

1922.
January
February
March
April

48,425
52,575
65,243
78,130

53,422
56,759
70, 587
60,260

58,420
49,134
63,815
107,566

42,908
43,368
45,868
66,743

63,047
70,654
91,039
101,482

102,190
101,566
126,228
104,543

80,124
68,414
95,891
138,757

73,877
73,660
90,764
98,905

129,586
129,505
152,980
135,071

84,791
71,434
95,137
140,620

May
June
July
August

82,100
82,378
70, 700
78,435

47,694 150,475
37,846 i 128,876
29,756
99,235
22,775
82,536

146,129
177,197
191,038
175, 791

107,708
102,345
84,077
94,219

78,062
68,558
62,349
58,483

192,546
162,788
111,455
98,765

109,377
107,671
87,492
95,235

102,747

59,400

195,503
166,09")
123,938
102,617

September
October
November
December

75,766
78,831
74,943
79,204

79,722
76, 737
89,690
95,633

183,343
176,047
188,023
202,912

88,161
87,325
90,324
91, 592

52, 826
56,340
59,645
59,595

99,232
93,800
108,976
124,052

90,456
97,379
96,645
103,418

58,034
55,512
61,183
64,908

112,951
103,089
139,373
132,847

85,703
82,912
92,473
83,281

40,530 I 133,198
40,124 j 129,847
42,000 116,514

91, 116

60,535

83,469

56,543

104,876

50,127

91,704

50,429

170,693
156,033
148,121
136,587

116,539
99,085
114,677
97, 834

59,580
59, 806
61,391
50,628

195,984
167,607
149,144
132, &30

53, 255
44,766
56,359
51,618

103, 242
94,312
94,
118,439

39,481
41,440
42,973
41,381

98,272
74,193
75,494
97,125

101,855
99, 473
112,516

145,166
123,202

47,450
43,609
42,429
47,336

1923
January
February
March
April

169,467
173,151

May
June
July
August

88,005 j 32,771
74,457
28,411

September
October

74,585 j 286,078
63,748 | 278,488
64,979 238,731
73,169 240,869

28,005 | 71,029
29,340 101,864

1
Data furnished by the Enameled Sanitary Ware Manufacturer
The Association explains that orders c ^^^^^ «™ " ^ *»«"+ o.*,-™,,* i
lowed by cancellations if the demand U1U1)J
done in bold weather and manufacturers ope
2
Small ware includes lavatories, sinks, and miscellaneous
» Average of 8 months, May to December, inclusive.




82,831
70,789

103,781
73,763
75,539
99,288

77,788
66,636
62,981
59,088

93,168
93,744

436,787
486,331
557,488
50S, 005
57,813
51,832
62,935
65,199 j

57,616
49,367
54,332
53,594

119,087

513,113
512,286
600,466
640,440

829,235
997,126
1,056,942
1,100,340
1,066,772
1,008,103
903,944

799,. 841

108
ROOFING.
Table 55.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-f&ce type.]
ROOFING FELT.

PREPARED
ROOFING.3

Stocks.
Production
Ship- of dry Dry felt. Total.
felt.
ments.
YEAR AND MONTH.
Relative;
to 1919.

Receipts.
Rags.

ROOFING FELT.

PREPARED
ROOFINGS

MiscelPaper. laneous.

Production,
of dry
felt.

Shipments.

av..
av..
av..
av..

1922.
January
February
March
April

Dry felt.

Thousands,
of roof
squares.3

Relative to January, 1923.

Receipts.

Total.

Rags.

Paper.

Miscellaneous.

Tons.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly
1922 monthly

Stocks.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

100

1 .

2,079 |l

114

2 360

105

263

2 51

2,182

122

284

2 76

2, 541

2
2

2

9,016
2

12,055

8 056

11,473

1 959

94
S3

1, 723

114

2,360

127

2,649

May
June
July
August...........

128

September
October
November
December

137

2,847

115

2,396

94

1,960

1933.
January
February
March
April
Mav....
June
Julv
August
September
October
November
December

136

2,660

i

2,829

133

2,766

163

3,397

142

2,956

92

100

100

100

14,362

65

83

83

100
196

1,908

101

100
92

100

94

1,952

14,495

140

120

69

81

121

85

63

2,917

17,297

135

112

73

99

110

89

62

2,814

j

16,155

2,950
1,906
2,037
2,158

12,972

15,031

6,650

1,187

11,889

13,514

5,548

2,331

10,559

18,254

5, 649

746

12,911

16,589

5,919

640

14,076

13,504

6,338

1,019

11,598

16,144

5, 988

1,179

14,447

15,501

6,042

1,507

14,020

14,608

6,036

1,374

12,848

11,621

5,179

969

137

125

S4

10S

89

95

86

2, 853

17,941

120

112

113

89

107

90

99

2,486

16,086

110

106

133

111

105

91

127

2, 279

15, 276

124

116

95

92

97

91

116

2,582

16, 723

2,485
3,325
3,923
2,812

14S

109

74

99

77

78

82

3,076

15,671

2,171

1
Prepared roofing data compiled by the Prepared Hoofing Manufacturers' Association, prorated to 100 per cent of the industry, from reports received from 60 to 90per
cent2 of the total machine activity; data on roofing felt from the Felt' Manufacturers' Association, including reports from 16 identical mills.
Represents reports from 11 mills.
8
Monthly data back to 1919 appeared in the September issue (No. 25), of the Surrey of Current Business.




109

FLAXSEED AND COTTONSEED.
Table 66.—(A) IJTDEX NTJMBEKS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year tn bold-faced type.!

FLAXSEED.
DULUTH.

MINNEAPOLIS.
YEAR AND
MONTH.

FLAXSEED.

COTTONSEED.

3
Ship- Stocks.3 Stocks,
Ship- 2
ReReend of
ceipts. 2 ments. Stocks. ceipts.* ments.*
months

Receipts. 8

Shipments.2

Relative,
to 1919.

Relative to 1913.

in av
m av
m av
m av
m.av.

1918 m.av.
1919 m.av.
1920 m.av.
1921 m.av.
1922 m. av.
1923 m. av.
1931.
May
June
July
August

Stocks,
end of
month.5

Stocks.s

Short tons.
DATA.

100

100

100

100

100

943

150

333

1,036

1,099

2,751

69

30

98

44

49

75

647

47

228

457

538

2 060

54

50

39

47

35

34

512

78

90

487

382

948

79

62

56

58

56

49

741

97

130

596

613

1 360

53

63

83

33

34

31

129

502

98

194

341

377

846

96
100
58
58
57
65

524

83

52

346

338

208

489,442

575

105

60

182

175

119

513,448

552

51

226

412

278

758

296,219

469

114

970

362

454

1,117

299,101

412

107

69

317

281

230

56

53

22

33

31

8

61

67

26

18

16

4

59

33

97

40

25

28

50

73

416

35

41

41

44

69

30

31

26

8

47

426

41

66

457

45

46

48

74

494

55

85

33

37

129

461

28

23

32

59

126

398

39

28

108

364

54

79

24

41

135

315

76

86

20

36

59

170

37

54

8

32

103

73

11

14

5

22

77

58

6

6

5

12
4

12

3
6

291,979

598

73

993

422

730

1,419

129,624

519

79

1,065

471

501

1,319

108,573

333

116

1 150

567

935

921

99,821

353

76
143
150
121

36

122

661,192

332,283

25
21
19
24

52

51

35

201

1,074

286

248

881

120,801
390,970

559

197

928

399

309

978

1,148

169

848

559

863

654

732,651

3S9

211

733

783

948

545

767,318

335

92

395

385

594

227

620,117

302

161

170

116

151

151

414,122

204

81
50
20

120

136

66

65

131

254,015

257

86

88

120

127

84

101,293

91

198

53

52

45

52

176

46,140

3
5

5

290

45

68

87

147

81

23,380

4 j

226

28

51

141

49

134

19,767

1

3

114

50

13

94

150

36

13,168

12

368

77

70

21

47

9

oi,:;93

12

80

893

176

21

514

1S9

334

22

152

859

76

1,126

607

01.5

40S 443
780,957

600

193
182

940

118

55
26

929

630

544

788

074
340

27

55

38

21

34

22

May
June
July
August

31

29

29

8

24

IS

12

32

22
6

14
9

13
5
14

39

49

30

2

4

September.
October
November.
December..

95

113

9

50

17

91

124

109

61

64

117

33
24

90

86

67

76

11

53

72

25
12

153

1933.
January...
February..
March
April

Shipments. 2

100

63

1933.
January...
Februaiy..
March
April

Receipts.2

B.—NUMERICAL

55

September.
October...
November.
December.

Stocks.^

Thousands of bushels.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

COTTONSEED.

DULUTH

MINNEAPOLIS.

5

(4)

167

j

857, 734
784,386

527.S39

5

13

33

3

103

469

123

12

136

365

70

3

4

3

58

6

43

35

40

52

7

7

4

59
31

257

33

1
1

309

81

17

75

45

17

159,922

52

40

4

5

2

13

486

62

9

55

26

9

04.752

19

26

23

15

1

5

398

29

60

238

163

14

50

35

60

3
o

54

140

542

378

290

:

13,708

23

34
11

474

33

52
11

11

3S

35S

52

53

110

116

313

|

12,032

116

September.
October...
November
December.

79
37

42

May
June
Julv
August

50
27

64

13

23

17

3

23

1,096

100

31

235

191

85

119,551

715
1,753

419,330

(4)

12 !

273

171

155

122

55

26

82

2,577

2(57

360

1, 2G6

606

196

253

215

235

143

64

143

1,852

395

500

2,434

1,574

|

23,0%

1
1

Except cottonseed stocks at mills from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.Data on flaxseed from the Northwestern Miller.
2 Monthly figures are totals of weekly figures with first and last -weeks of month prorated.
8
Stocks at end of week nearest the end of the month.
«Index number less than 1.
6
Yearly averages are for crop year ending July 31.




302,831

731,281

110

CHEMICALS—FOREIGN TRADE.
Table 57.— (A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
EXPORTS.

IMFORTS.
Potash.*

Sulphuric
acid.

Nitrate
of soda.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Dyes
and dyestuffs.

Total
fertilizer.*

Potash.a

Relative to 5-year average 1909-1913.

Dyes and
dyestufls.

Total
fertilizer.3

Pounds.

Dollars.

Long tons.

B.—NUMERICAL

DATA.

100

1OO

100

100

1OO

21,124

43,177

86

105

179

155

83

18,247

45,143

1,098,015

44,749

85,639

30

149

1,055

723

30

6,304

64,349

6,476,002

209,255

30,647

662,832

32,747

1,342,280

28,627

613,692

4

235

903

2,291

32

772

101,535

4

298

803

4,639

28

831

128,601

5,538,625
5,293,426

103,391

S28,937

4

356

1,090

4,843

18

762

153,766

6,691,220

1,401,492

18,713

16

79

289

4,920

53

3,357

33,955

1,774,627

1,423,703

54,509

70

255

394

9,339

114

14,880

110,160

2,415,922

2,702,388

117,994

41

71

174

1,976

72

8,739

30,767

1,067,934

571,658

74,620

•1

101

169

1,497

75

20,103

45,039

1,039,208

433,200

77,973

20

186

310

4,615

103

4,231

80,305 i

1,903,970

1,335,531

106,153

35

68

372

1,895

74

7 300

29 532

2,285.806

548,420

76,292

40

1918 monthly average.
1919 monthly average..
J920 monthly average.
1921 monthly average..
1922 monthly average..
1921.
January
February
March
April
.

Sulphuric
acid.

Nitrate
of soda.

Long tons.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1909-1913 monthly av..
1914 monthly average.
1915 monthly average..
1910 monthly average.
1917 monthly average.

EXPORTS.

IMPORTS.

107

110

2,480

62

8 496

46 201

673,314

717,693

64,408

|

j

19

69 I

219

1,286

64

4 001

29,810 '

1,345,096

372,033

65,829

May

14

87

128

1.370

53

3 007

37 778

787,647

396,524

54,518

June
Julv
. .
August

24

88

133

2,09L

73

5 153

37 847

817,159

605,096

75,391

16

4*

90

1,535

63

3 378

20 791

553,587

444,283

65,399

41

77

177

2,110

52

i

8,757

33,015

1,083,892

610,666

53,676

September
October
November
December

66

46

101

1 564

102

!

14 023

19 046

620,961

452,574

105,358

74

31

2^5

1 665

61

15 735

13 250

j 1,379,564

481,927

63,259

65

36

115

1 731

98

13 731

15 629

!

705,218

500,918

101,497

81

12

107

1,362

62

17 060

5 365

658,995

394,230

63,063

83

22

119

2 271

65

17 591

9 470

98

44

102

1,167

50

20 793

19 160

104
118

54
69

163
324

1,722
1,194

64
84

21 925
24 883

23 452
29 891

60

149

1,061

153

12 585

64,130

130

1,194
1,454

27 367
52 912

49,442

169

64
56

i

250

115
73

350
404

115

98

110

1,604

94

i

121

42

1,292

79
84

1,564

49

157
245

71

105

87

110

253

81

200

105

119

...

. .

'

1922.
January
February
April
May
June
July

.. -

September
October
November
December
1923.
January
February
March
April

4

16

49

4

728,337

657,042

67,011

625,631

337,826

51,656

1 003,128
1,991,368

498,274
345,550

66,566
87,311

2,148,293

306,938

158,149

345,578

66,793

31 307

2,481,290
1 034,756

420,805

57,854

24,288

42,474

672,533

464,273

97,525

54

< 3 359

i 52 081

258 144

373 727

55 518

10 248

67 929

10,322

105 954

482 036
512 997

452 49S

1,670

67
89

4S3 264

09 509
92 074

1 772

64

14 959

45 174

531 986

512 619

05 710

156

1 383

66

23 221

109 06^

95r> 328

400,069

68 668

71

1,784

70

17,050

SO,302

43S 592

516 227

72,421

281

114

2,034

S7

22 226

121 134

702 355

5*S 675

89 519

228

60

1,985

95

25 077

9S 577

368 586

574 462

i

]

!

j

'

U 236
S

i

:

;

May
July
August .
September

i November
December




1
9
3

47
85
91
97
65
106

249

148

2,000

101

10,005

107 329

900 330

578,707

104,641

58

63

1,611

114

25 204

3S6,573

460,15t

135

130

2 889

116

17 975
iq 3()3

58 1%

797 102

835 l)72

117,105
]iu 423

131

264

1,438

92

20 496

56 637

1 619 840

410 032

95 326

119

132

1,548

126

13,828

51,543

810 832

447 S09

130,419

132

58

1,849

62

22 446

56 788

356 297

535 049

63 789

i

:

!

Data compiled by the V. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
Includes potash imported as chemicals and also the muriate and sulphate used in fertilizers.
Largely pnosphate rock.
• Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect; remaining 9 days included with October.

Ill

CHEMICALS—PRODUCTION AND PRICES.
Table 58.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government and non-Government

sources.

[Base year in bold-faced type.]

PRODUCTION.

Ace- M e t l i - c a r bo n tate of anol.
lime.
i ized.

Relative to 1920.

CONSUMP- STOCKS.1
TION.1

1

Wood,
carbonized.

Acetate of Methanol.
lime.

Relative to Au-. ust.1914 Relative to 1913.

Pounds.

WHOLESALE
PRICE.

WHOLESALE PRICES.

Drug;s
Suland
phuric
phar- Essen- Crude Chem- acid
tial drugs.3 j icals.e 66°
Wood.
maceuti- oils.*
New
cals.3
York."

Wood,
YEAR AND MONTH.

|

STOCKS.1

CONSUMPTIONS

PRODUCTION.1

Sulphuric
acid

Wood.

New
York.^
Dollars
per 100
pounds.

Cords.

Gallons.
I

1

A.—INDEX NU M B E R S
i

1913 nionthlv average
1914 monthly avert)p"*
1915 monthly avenue
1916 mcntlilv average.
1917 monthly average..
19*8 monthlv average
1919 mont lily average... .
1920 monthly average1
1921 montlilv average
1922 mont lily average

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

1OO
!

- 1OO

2

- 1OO

1OO

100

i

129

1

200
212

169

279
I

§1.OO
1.00
1.30
2.00
1.70

1OO

163

201

213

185

242

95

i

829,227

100
39
84

1OO

1OO

300

106

265

202

255

112

652,021

78,580

50

43

100

129

158

134

153

91

'•

4, 884,, 672

324, 504

34,177

826, 847

:

10, 368, 082

566, 304

63,922

942, 883

January
February.
March
April

69

76

71

74

66

May

68

70

66

11")

June
July
August

69

74

71

78

78 ;

76

97

81

87

120

114

137

174

155

76

1

1 60
1 00 '
1.12
91
.80

1922.

September
October
November .
December

:

66

115

117

136

134

144

80

8, - 48 314
5

494 981

52 153

952 498

.80

69

121

115

130

139

148

80

8,841,406

483,439

53.777

.80

87 .'

79

117

116

135

155

156

80

10.462 128

569 450

62 304

1,000,323
067,676

69

61

116

117

135

177

158

84

8,141,593

450,529

48,122

Gfil, 909

.84

116

135

80 ;

8,400 243

458 739

51,881

955,866

. 80

119

115

133

177
177

159
157

80

8,591,572

484, 822

56,313

78

114

115

130

178

156

71 '

9,670,504

510,489

60, 726

.71

/8

78

111

115

135

177

152

70

9, 459, 098

505, 930

59, 810

9SK.N61
943, 284
920, 512

S
O
98 ;

75

113

121

131

182

149

74 ;

.74

128

122

195

154

73

610 '36

59, 433
73 428

038,766

112

9,571,953
11,99s 276

521.782

93

929,454

. 73

795,-79 !

92,134

902, 422

.70

882,142

97, 464

850,973

.70

!

120

122

117

109

131

121

196

160

70

128

135

123

103

137

123

204

164

70 1

14, 8 '6,260
15,922,^.19

133

123

1923.
125
10(3
117

111

102

121

111

98
96
92

107

109 1

103

May

118

122

Juno
July
August

114

112

104
103
93

87

135

124

208

173

70 i

15, 478, O-'I")

888,608

97,559

812,763

.70

132

125

239

176

70

13,194,735

720.037

80.715

795,s70

.70

133

128

253

178

70 ;

14,732 054

786 774

8t» 598

90 I

132

134

253

ISO

71 !

13, 237, 584

710,987

81,342

764,307
748,025

.71

115

92

132

137

244

ISO

75

14,667,584

94

140

139

231

177

75

99

98

96

143 •

141

219

169

75

14,129, 529
12,873,572

796,481
727, 458

$9, 902

107

100

95

96

142

136

208

168

75

12,815,237

83

96

158

133

206

173

75

11,541,4G8

568,091

15S

1
1

.70

i

January
February
March .
April

September
October
November
December

.80

135

206

165

75

1

.70

84,390

759,298
781,595

645, 673

76, 774

795,416

649,063

74, 286

795,876

. 75

64,862

799,165

. 75

.75

l

1

.75

Compiled from re/ports of the National Wood Chemical Association, to which are added reports frqm the principal nonmember firms. Total reports for each month vary
from firms with a capacity of 3,200 cords to 4,500 cords daily; ail mouths arc therefore prorated to a daily capacity of 4,500 cords, representing about 90 per cent of the
industry, on the basis of capacity reporting each month.
2
August, 1914.
3
Compiled from weekly wholesale quotations of 35 drugs and pharmaceutical chemicals by the Oil, Paint, and Drug Reporter.
4
Compiled from weekly wholesale quotations of 20 essential oils by the Oil, Paint, and Drug Reporter.
6
Compiled from weekly wholesale quotations of 40 crude botanical drugs by the Oil, Paint, and Drug Reporter.
8
The chemical price index from Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering includes quotations on 25 commodities selected on the basis of their importance as representing
h quaMtatively and quantitatively the principal branches of the chemical industry. These prices are weighted on the basis of total production plus total imports in the
r 1919. The figures are averages of weekly prices.
' Wholesale average monthly price of sulphuric acid from United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.




112
FATS, OILS, AND RAW MATERIALS.
Table 59.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

ANIMAL FATS, GREASES, AND DERIVATIVES.
TOTAL ANIMAL FATS.

TOTAL GREASES.

TOTAL DERIVATIVES.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Production.

Consumption.

Production.

Stocks.

Consumption.

Stocks.

™
-

Stocks.

Relative to 1919.

100
112
129
139

100
103
107
9G

100
133
164
127

100
124
122
136

100
97
89
119

100
103
142

1920.
Apr. 1 to Juno 30
July 1 to Sept. 30
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31

119
94
109

114
111
96

166
118
103

129
115
119

100
102
68

1921.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
Apr. 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31

139
135
114
127

106
108
106
106

167
232
137
121

128
127
111
123

1922.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
April 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31

144
141
124
148

100
90
91
11
04

129
179
117
84

1923.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
Apr. l to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30

177
168
149

103
89

96
134
100

1919 q u a r t e r l y average.
1920 q u a r t e r l y average.
1921 q u a r t e r l y average.
1922 q u a r t e r l y average

92

100
107
129
182

100

109

100
90
95
85

99
98
135

106
87
105

105
93
81

100
78
90

74
89
82
106

140
157
148
121

101
162
155

93
92

104
99
77
101

142
140
119
142

119
118
112
127

105
85
67
62

183
151
176
218

101
91
114
130

98
103
69
72

155
155
131

150
131
111

70
94

199
157
168

12R
108
106

80

RAW MATERIALS FOR VEGETABLE OILS.
I PEANUTS—HULLED.!

YEAR AND MONTH.

Consumption.

Stocks.

CORN GERMS.

COPRA.

ConI sumption.

Stocks.

Consumption.

Stocks.

FLAXSEED.
i
ConI sumption. '

Stocks.

100

100

104

250

105

192

99

141

Relative to 1919.
1919 quarterly
1920 quarterly
1921 quarterly
1922 quarterly

average.
average.
average.
average

100
8
8
7

100

100

100

00

48

99

50

26

84

82

298
18
3

48

101

100
64
53
58

100

1920.
Apr. 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30
Oct. 1 to Deo. 31

6
10
12

8
12
10

56
61
.
49

42

101

5*

.104

250

3J

112

49

106

209

30

55

2 03

353

1921.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
Apr. 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30
Oct.l to Dec. 31

8
12
4
8

36
13
9
U

41
33

14

63

52

103

101

13

74

ig

103

169

63

49

96

44

94

179

64

30

104

OS

122

320

1922.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
April 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31

10
9
3
8

4
3
2
2

97
75
64
93

69

108

41

109

93

47

96

61

66

83

29

91

76

90

170

47

108

56

339

217

1923.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
Apr. 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. ?,0

3
5
1

5
2)

107
115
93




1

1

See footnote on page 116.

I

32

101

81

134

91

36

100

121

141

188

96

24

133

264

* Index number less than 1.

113
FATS, OILS, AND RAW MATERIALS.
Table 60.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
FBase year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

ANIMAL FATS, GREASES, AND DERIVATIVES.
TOTAL DERIVATIVES.

TOTAL GREASES.

TOTAL ANIMAL FATS.
YEAR AND MONTH.

ProducContion.
sumption.

Produc- I Contion.
'sumption

Stocks.

ProducContion.
sumption.

Stocks.

Thousands of pounds.
1919
1920
1921
1922

quarterly average..
quarterly average..
quarterly average..
quarterly average.

1920.
Apr. 1 to J u n e 3 0 . . .
July 1 to Sept.30...
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31
1921.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 3 1 . . . .
Apr. 1 to June 3 0 . . .
July 1 to Sept. 30...
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31
1922.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
Apr. 1 to June 30...
July 1 to Sept. 30...
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31
1923.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
Apr. 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30....

367,518

144,308

138,071

69,648

410,676

149,276

183,033

86,384

51,565
50,273
45,150
61,249

67,374

264,740

208,804

69,695

284,478

204,039

95,407

340*325

183,764

53/< 11

480,906

227,104

51,077
52,675
35,204

66,925

280,087

219,040

183,180

66,036

230,6S1

194,382

142,725

90,892

27S, 824

170,141

164,487

473,351

154,017

226,668

85,258

511,436

138,982

175,396

94,626

436,845

163,829

229,794

90,129

346,900

160,077

163,105

80,290

401,499

138,737

142,090

82,884

512,557

153,439

496,082

155,957

419,742

153,237

465,024

153,434

230,025
320,015
189,089
167,542

85,794

38,068
45,699
42,174
54,657

530,176

144,620

516,487

129,838

456,441
542,641

650,926
617,830
548,327

89,311
88,433
77,492

183,695
165,241
174,864
156,808

94,633

252;894

166,644

191,337

105,859

267,532

183,151

181,377

99,407

420,836

193,4S9

141,169

81,728

411,030

191,771

185,571

179,186

177,468

98,823

61,234

70,463

483,256

209,989

247,235

97,772

60,035

57,445

39S,792

189,511

18S,476

131,879
149,592

161,034
115,848

83,206

57,658

45.029

465,527

237,138

126,595

98,702

65,469

41,907

570,049

271.779

132,975

147,979
128,073
133,232

132,060
184,960
137,431

i

107,725

77,517

47,314

526,803

"268,134

140,423

108,078

67,407

63,003
59.S06

415,216

226,020

162,251

440,474

220,575

12"), 989

91,318

RAW MATERIALS FOR VEGETABLE OILS.
PEANUTS—HULLED.ij

COPRA.

FLAXSEED.

CORN GERMS.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Consumption.

Stocks.

Consumption.

Consumption.

Stocks.

Stocks.

i

Consumption.

Stocks.

Tons.
1919 quarterly average.
1920 quarterly average.
1921 quarterly average.
1922 quarterly a v e r a g e .

35,426
2,9S0
2,931
2,581

11,148

42,153

33,184

25,276

2,001

21,161

319

34,674

491

172,934
179,382
182,182
170,371

29,S53
74,703
57,409
42,019

430
415
382

179,402
183,168
177,561

74,539
62,485
115,302

22,184
10,665
5,869
10,705

36,645

842

36,395

536

30, 830

448

36,8S9

9,366

1920.
Apr. 1 to J u n e 3 0 . . .
July 1 to Sept. 30...
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31

2,276
3,716
4,218

1,330
1,064

23,808
25,784
20,591

6,786
6,606

37,163
41,105
20,323

1921.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
Apr. 1 to J u n e 3 0 . . .
July 1 to Sept. 30...
Oct. 1 to Dec. 3 1 . . . .

2,822
4,325
1,584
2,992

4,021
1,450
970
1,564

17,372
14,113
26,382
26,776

3,100
2,821
10,849
6,705

22,978
27, OSS
35,012
38,242

441
406
370
576

177,611
177,285
162,747
211,086

30,063
50,557
53,354
05,662

1922.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
Apr. 1 to June 30...
July 1 to Sept. 30...
Oct. 1 to Dec. 3 1 . . .

3,492
3,046
893
2,893

463
344
191
277

40,844
31,741
26,964
39,148

15,299

39,464
35;0S6

6,542

33,279

10,472

39,726

343
510
641
470

187,968
96,358
156,316
240,S43

27,806

10,507

1923.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31...
Apr. 1 to June 30...
July 1 to Sept. 30...

1,161
1,826
213

541
62
102

45,239
48,631
39,080

7,070
8,085
2,071

38,243
36,751
35,206

684
1,023
202

232,183
243,302
230,234

68G900—23




*See footnote on page 116,
8

24,852
50,763
64,656

27,136
56,053
7S,737

114

ARGENTINE MOVEMENT OF GRAIN AND FLAXSEED.
Table 61.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources,
[Base year in bold-faced type.]

EXPORTS.1

VISIBLE SUPPLY.2

Wheat.
Flour. Grain.

YEAR AND
MONTH.

Corn. Oats.

Flax- Wheat Corn. Flaxseed.
seed.
Rel. to

Relative to 1913.

1914.

Wheat.
Flour. Grain.

Corn.

Thous.
ofbbls.

1OO

83

67

96

90

63

31

14

141

107

14

61

38

263

117

52

37

138

181

92

30

58

59

73

133

2
27

100
35

1918 mo av
1919 mo. av
1920 mo. av
1921 mo. av
1922 mo. av

1OO
149

1OO

219

194

299

326

106

71

103

3 209

84

276
116

17S

359

46

103

164

195

200

44

134

147

108

394

58

32

91

158

104

243

20

51

42

77

32

42

101

37

90

12

47

44

150

13

57

43

107

50

. .

34

91

57

... .

33

.
. .

5G
47
37
34

S9
82

Flaxseed.

Wheat.

Corn.

Flaxseed.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

100
37
179
396
183

1OO

40

33

100
74
91
98
19

100
54
93
115
90

Oats.

Thousands of bushels.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 mo. av
1914 mo. av
1915 mo. av
1916 mo. av
1917 mo. av

VISIBLE SUPPLY.2

EXPORTS.*

117
63
109
135
105

8,012
3,003
7,692
7,028
2,866

15,771
11,622
14,208
9,429
2,933

5,108
2,031
3,403
4,618
1,560

3,336
2,761
3,219
2,099
4(>4

165
30S
161
35
85

9,177
10,064
15,571
5,002
11,445

2,181
8,154
14,471
9,301
9,092

3,112
1,914
2,355
2,242
1,636

1,284
2,807
3,446
4,463
3,03S

1,713
6,628
7,792
12.906

8,105
5,027
1,870
2,115

2,130
2,152
2,377
2,S95

2,360
3,365
5,905
5,556

7,816
11,383
21,531
13,585

1,132
2,018
4,118
3,739

2,810
4,689

3,002

4,213
3,865
2,600
6,292

2,588

3,496
5,193
7,647
10,445
3,717

728
1,415
2,374
515

3,617
6,233
6,830
3,767
3,633

3 1,520
2,617
1,457
2,867
1,768

2,405

1,600
1,000

3,700

800

964
4,641
10,256
4,740
7,130
2,992
4,240
3,814
4,101

i

1921.
January
February
March
Aprij.
May
Jinio
JUly
Aiu' ust
September
October
November
December
1922.
Januar3r
February.
March
April
May .
June
July
August

71

46

275

2

29

412

32

177

93
143

23

410

43

167

255

17

549

52

38

84

320

137

824

50

72

40

141

255

172

385

40

65

137

81

235

143

229

330

67

23

86

73

121

71

140

275

39

9,174
7,847
5,594
1,984

20

87

59

126

72

149

357

65

1,760

11

56

5

116

100

114

192

55

955

7

51

21

78

122

137

192

43

637

35

61

24

189

;

in

92

495

40

3,040

13,650
8,870
8,096
9,502

69

108

41

41

91

1

229

69

275

81

95

236

41

92

79

i

272

57

302

111

94
64

232
166

30
20

47

67
66

186
286

46
80

385
385

110

9,323
20,309
20,007
14,259

6,435
6,535
4,780
3,205

2,113
4,686
2,424

112

165

51

29

l'Ji

214

137

247

131

14,245

63

149

51

73

104

143

02

220

74

12,<Sf>5

85

172

48

27

179

129

69

220

14,SI4

101

38

18

121

71

34

137

M
81

1,499
3,713
1,361

69

8,012
8,055
7,526
6,071

69

53

60

14

66

71

114

137

103

11

71

217

137

63

86

102

63

76

100

206

137

7,371

35

66

107

45

129

114

330

74
41

9,408
16,172
16,068
16,835

709

60

81
67

4,5S9

57

97

140

80

141

241

56

382

29

101

196

42

207

15

73

242

64

197

20

27

35
75
40
84

. .

181

65

168

115

103
110

....
. .

....
....

September
October
November
December
1923.
January
February.
March . . .
April
May
June
July
August
SeDtember
October
November
December.

1

19

!

8,720

5,183
5,647

172

46

275

114

12,038

200

23

357

65

32,904

34

549

49

17,S29

177

286
329

92

659

75

16,926

141

98

229

172

440

41

15,615

28

108

143

229

302

88

14,484

108

28

99

186

229

275

47

8,843

79

23

49

143

137

220

98

9,500

172

103

192

143

114

165

1

.

1

75

12,593
4,578
2,440
3,120
10,202
18,106
17,067
12,492

275

1,065
1,202

900

902

569
320
374

7,216
5,183
3,722
1,365
2,112
1,455
1,433
1,169

6,000

600

2,000
3,000
3,200
4,000

8,510

4,800
6,000
8,000
5,200

6,000
2,800
2,400
2,000

5,200
4,000
4,800
3,200

2,(500

1,850

6,600

7, So()

3,700

4,041

'1,850

3,019
2,625
2,237
2,193
4,120
3,476
5,976
4,027

1,859
2,590
3,145
2,960

5,920
7,030
4,810
7,400
5,550
3,700
3,328
1,850

2,199
2,550
2,519
1,486

1,850

8,027
6,523
S, 080
5,902
3,26s
3,590
3,297
1,021

2,400
2,000
1,600
2,800
4,800
3,200
2,400
1,200

1,400
1,400
3,600

2,000
2,220
2,800
2,800
1,800
1,000
1,600
1,000
1,000

3,330

4,000
7,600
7,200
4,000

4,440

1,600

2,000

5,180

800

2,600

7,400

1,200
3,200

4,800

1,850
2,590

8,510

1 000
1 000
2 400

4,000

3,200

3,700

6,000
8,000
8,000
4,800

4,440
3,700

3,600
4,000

1,400

5,920
3,700
4,810

2,200
2,000
1,600

1,200

ii

Back data on Argentine cereal exports from the Bohtin Mensnal dc Estadistica Agricola: current data from the Estadistica Agro-Pecuaria, publications directed by the
Argentine Minister of Agriculture. Figures are converted from original data in metric tons.
2
At end of week nearest to end of month. Visible supply of wheat and corn in chief ports reported by Modern Miller. Visible supply of flaxseed as reported in
the 3
Oil, Paint, and Drug Reporter.
Ten-month average.




115

VEGETABLE OILS.
Table 62.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data front Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.j
LIN- LINSEED SEED
OIL
OIL. CAKE.
YEAR AND
MONTH.

COTTONSEED OIL,
CRUDE.*

Shipments Stocks Profrom
end of ducMinneapolis. month tion.

VEGETABLE OLEOMAROILS.
GARINE.
Ex- Total
imports.' ports.

Relative to 1913. Relative to 1919.

Pro- Conduc- sumption. tions

LINLINSEED SEED
OIL
OIL. CAKE.
Shipments
from
Minneapolis.

av.
av.
av.
av.

100
78
65
70

100
69
57
62

1917 monthly a v .
1918 monthly a v .
1919 monthly av.
1920 monthly a v .
1921 monthly a v .
1922 monthly av..
1923monthly av.,

73
61
66
52
54
54

61
53
61
40
50

Stocks,
end of
month.

Production.

VEGETABLE
OILS.

Total
imports.4

Exports.5

OLEOMARGARINE.
Production.

Consumption.

Thousands of pounds.

Relative to 1913.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly

COTTONSEED
OIL, CRUDE.*

100
61
109
58

8 100
8 124
»96
8 141

8 100
8 99
8 100
»105

41
36
61
58
76
24

8172
3
305
8 316
3 334
8 133
249

198
241
254
254
147
127

29,042
17,758
31,641
16,977

15,210
11,868
9,862
10,662

126

11,158
9,271
10,026
7,856
8,157
8,156

18,428
15,998
18,473
12,069
15,068
10,790

82,238
105,437
96,213
105,656
102,898
56,438
58,291

321,387
3 26,441
3 20,636
3 30,133

117,305
109,372
110,445
100,955
109,099
78,706
83,507

11,788
10,437
17,599
16,863
21,964
6,978

3 36,850
3 65,295
3 67,495
3 71,390
3 28,499
53,298

23,937
29,217
30,733
30,790
17,840
15,389

19,044
26,877
29,081
30,014
17,518
14,969

30,166
20,684
17,188
18,706

100
99
99
105

3 12,102 11,861
3 12,002
11,798
3 12,151 11,787
3 12,709 12,404

85
110
1OO
110
107
59
61

106
99
100
91
99
71
76

75
39
20
17

43
30
21
27

65
61
78
70

116
74
91
141

104
64
94
150

8,357
10,260
9,220
9,700

10,869
11,190
15,541
19,799

71,782
37,299
18,763
16,197

47,291
33,462
23,556
29,561

19,613
17,747
7,922
6,054

13,967
13,012
16,774
15,065

14,055
8,900
11,005
17,112

12,317
7,614
11,120
17,803

161
227
245
253
148

1921.
May
June
July
August

55
67
61
64

September..
October
November..
December..

55
57
49
39

27
42
52
59

53
107
116
104

84
167
166
119

211
127
225
149

136
176
154
152

149
181
148
164

8,316
8,694
7,441
5,955

8,060
12,804
15,594
17,932

51,167
102,678
111,508
99,669

92,222
184,674
182,890
131,336

8,239
10,744
10,822
12,529

45,177
27,117
48,135
31,785

16,497
21,280
18,678
18,410

17,723
21,497
17,565
19,411

1922.
January....
February
March
April
,

42
44
48
40

52
51
31
14

101
72
57
33

94
82
66
22

229
234
380
301

134
121
132
117

142
103
129
115

6,457
6,648
7,232
6,069

15,745
15.356
9,283
4,159

97,567
68,996
54,907
31,848

103,646
90,735
72,758
24,345

12,114
9,825
10,459
4,785

49,060
50,008
81,270
64,363

16,167
14,620
15,970
14,203

16,887
12,195
15,263
13,686

May....
June
July....
August.

52
54
38
36

15
12
14
18

25
13
7
10

12
7
7
13

308
246
237
182

114
102
101
108

108
85
126
99

7,952
8,271
5,795
5,536

4,452
3,607
4,248
5,297

23,704
12,110
6,905
10,038

12,858
7,217
7,232
14,303

3,373
2,810
2,298
2,584

65,851
52,606
50,735
38,830

13,824
12,313
12,280
13,043

12,765
10,040
14,974
11,754

September..
October
November..
December..

74
77
72
65

50
54
52
67

58
107
120
111

87
164
166
127

15
18
47
42

U28
258
194
293

118
148
157
174

136
136
167
168

11,237
11, 702
11,014
9,955

15,164
16.357
15,642
20,172

55,961
96,872
103,136
100,988

96,615
178,406
180,871
140,569

14, 232
17,944
19,028
21,060

16,113
16,180
19,806
19,965

1923.
January
February...
March
April

66
55
53
57

58
44
51
53

87
63
39

132
91
56
37

32
23
18
19

295
256
229
301

168
154
171
155

174
166
166
152

10,051
8,404
8,080
8,661

17,371
13,407
15,372
15, 920

92,129
83,667
60,137
37, 484

145,292
100,403
62,170
40,356

20,378
18,688
20,712
18,778

20,633
19,722
19,722
18,033

May
June
July....
August.

65
49
40
66

33
42
43
52

373

143
117
110

234

156
120
98
152

9,845
7,431
6,129
10,058

10,011
12, 534
12; 905
15,613

24,196 : 20,176
11,733 | 11,003
5,036
9,206
7,431
14,464

3,144 | 79,698
17,298
2,3X5 I 77,935 j| 14,109
2,536 48,349 13,2'
2,427 49,963
16,676

18, 454
14, 261
11,616
18,081

84
110

80

124
164

167
179

12,771
16,778

16,601
24,071

34,457
93,858

September..
October
November..
December..

25
12
5

36

18
10

364
226

63
174

7
13

4,279 r 27,452
5,330 55,073
13,701 41,595
12,180 62,732
9,218
6,619
5,232
5,661 j

2,152
70,058
192,534 | 3,698

63,112
54,798
49,080
64,452

26,577
34,994

19,854
21,236

1
Except shipments of linseed oil a] cake and meal from Minneapolis Chamber of Commrece. The sources of the other data are: Imports and exports of vegetable oil
,nd
from the U.S. Department of Commer. Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce; Cottonseed oil from the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; and
":e,
Oleomargarine p
production and consur iiption from the U. S. Treasury Department, Bureau of Internal Revenue.
cou
arga
1
l d
t t d
dH
c o n , and H
I nclu des cottonseed,, corn, and H iseed oils.
3
These fi f
figures f l for fiscal years beginning July 1 of year stated.
are
< The following oils are included: Chinese nut, cocoa butter, coconut, cottonseed, olive (inedible), olive (edible), palm, palm kernel, peanut, rapeseed, soya bean, and lin-e(i:
d Vv here certain off these arc reported in gallons, they have been converted into pounds, allowing 7$ pounds per gallon.
Vh
t
th
seed.
5
Colored and uncolored, as represented by tax-paid withdrawals.
« Figures for 1917 to 1922 are monthly averages of cottonseed-oil production and stocks on hand at the end of the month during cotton crop years (beginning August 1
of the preceding year and ending July 31 of the year to which the figure is credited).
i Covers iirst 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect; remaining 9 days included with October.




116

VEGETABLE AND FISH OILS.
Table 63.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on etaf* from Government sources.1
[Base yea* in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
TOTAL CRUDE
VEGETABLE OILS.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Produce
tion.

Consumption.

Stocks.

TOTAL REFINED
VEGETABLE OILS.
Production.

Consump,
tion.

Stocks.

COTTONSEED O I L CRUDE.
Production.

Consumptiou.

Stocks.

PEANUT O I L CRUDE AND VIRGIN.
Production.

Consumption.

Stocks.

Relative to 1919.
1919 quarterly average
1920 quarterly average
1921 quarterly average
1922 quarterly average

100
82
87
75

100
80
79
72

100
75
66
64

100
74
76
57

100
74
79
67

100
124
104
79

100
80
89
65

100
86
98
67

100
85
80
61

100
15
44
26

100
40
20
13

100
139
56
15

1920.
Apr. 1 to June 30
July l t o Sept. 30
Oct. l t o Dec.31

48
43
132

67
44
99

63
65
88

U
-29
107

56
80
85

145
86
118

25
15
166

58
19
138

41
30
141

11
16
28

48
54
29

136
138
91

1921.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
Apr. 1 to June 30
July l t o Sept. 30
O c t . l t o Dec. 31

113
57
56
123

96
73
51
96

86
54
50
72

103
66
38
96

74
93
85
65

143
117
45
109

1B5
43
40
138

140
88
39
127

149
34
45
90

31
53
45
48

21
19
25
14

78
61
34
50

1922.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
Apr. 1 to Juue30
July 1 to Sept. 30
Oct. l t o Dec. 31

84
35
51
130

82
50
47
110

74
69
56
67

75
30
24
99

69
49
67
84

124
66
34
68

74
12
33
141

92
29
19
130

50
11
49
96

51
31
6
15

22
16
12
4

28
20
5
7

1923.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31
Apr. 1 to June 30
July l t o Sept. 30

97
61
58

103
67
53

55
58
58

71
38
27

70
50
64

99
85
29

86
20
26

109
40
21

54
11
31

8
9
6

4
4
5

4
9
13

COCONUT OR COPRA
OIL—CRUDE.
YEAH AND MONTH.

Production.

Consumption.

Stocks.

Production.

Consumption.

Stocks.

TOTAL FISH OIL.

LINSEED OIL.

CORN OIL—CRUDE.

Production.

Consumption.

Stocks.

Production.

Consumption.

Stocks.

Relative to 1919.
100
61
52
86

1OO
70
57
72

100
60
47
72

1OO
101
91
109

1OO
101
80
113

1OO
82
88
90

100
107
107
101

1OO
113
126
183

1OO
120
152
154

100
201
152
231

100
123
200
301

1OO
101
119
105

1920.
Apr. 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31

58
62
60

70
53
63

65
65
54

102
116
54

99
113
63

84
85
69

107
111
106

123
121
86

98
118
159

242
319
190

110
91
104

69
111
135

1921.
Jan. l t o Mar. 31
Apr. 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30
| Oct. 1 to Dec. 31

43
87
64
66

68
50
62
59

42
45
60
51

64
78
103
114

60
71
87
103

68
73
91
121

105
105
95
121

81
141
138
146

187
127
106
189

13
31
284
279

114
137
175
371

119
136
120
99

99
88
63
94

67
59
70
92

72
84
70
61

111
98
109
119

129
95
104
125

94
88
101
77

110
62
91
140

157
196
188
192

237
148
106
125

24
108
540
252

167
320
395
320

73
109
133
103

109
114
93

88
78
76

65
57
43

116
118
109

115
109
118

71
114
73

137
157
137

207
223
191

109
124
140

57
141
564

281
267
2S0

69
88
]23

1919 quarterly
1920 quarterly
1921 quarterly
1922 quarterly

average
average
average
average

1922.
Jan. l t o Mar. 31....
Apr. 1 to June 30
Julv l t o Sept. 30
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31
1923.
Jan. l t o Mar. 31
Arn\ 1 to June 30
July 1 to Sept. 30




1

See footnote on opposite page.

1

117

VEGETABLE AND HSH OILS.
Table 64.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources*1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
TOTAL CBUIME
VEGETABLE OILS.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Production.

Consumption.

Stocks.

TOTAL REFINED
VEGETABLE OILS.
Production.

Consumption.

Stocks.

COTTONSEED O I L CRUDE.
Production.

PEANUT O I L CRUDE AND VIRGIN.

Stocks.

Production.

Consumption.

,21,902

Consumption.

53,088
21,267
10,639
7.086

24,038
33,354
13,453
3,594

25,624
28,779
15,498

32,691
33,166
21,989

10,442

11,213
10,352
13,354
7,635

18,843
14,761
8,121
12,080

11,074
6,831
1,236
3,256

11,552
8,487
6,260
2,045

6,699

1,700
1,998
1,147

2,354
2,13S
2,545

Stocks.

Thousands of pounds.
1919 quarterly
1920 quarterly
1921 quarterly
1922 quarterly

average.
average.
average.
average.

578,748
474,776
504,313
434,658

635,803
511,121
504,034
459,447

506,533

466,795

357,407

#83,591

837,501

378,498

344,575

263,612

352,768

285,347

332,003

354,760

283,729

293,529

317,757

324,227

266,122

240,124

223,992

1920.
Apr. 1 to June 30..
July 1 to Sept. 30..
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31...

276,403
250,289
766,481

427,625

319,008

251,416

200,612

277,387

327,692

134,228

286,368

628,997

444,683

497,967

303,342

1921
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31...
Apr. 1 to June 30..
July 1 to Sept. 30..
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31...

652,230
329,053
325,521
710,468

611,266

437,804

481,294

264,764

465,952

273,298

309,791

331,487

1922.
Jan. 1 to Mar.31...
Apr. l t o June 30...
July 1 to Sept. 30..
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31...

487,796
202.. 045
294.453
754,337

1923.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31...
Apr. 1 to June 30..
July 1 to Sept. 30..

562,311
354,105
335;091

Production.

57,301

5,599

410,244
243,293
333,517

51,875
594,291

192,412
63,185
455,021

45,507
33,357
150,801

3,498

481,779
154,281
142,990
491,979

459,680
288,757
128,850
418,473

166,078
37,851
50,576
100,167

326,390

253,595

179,066

305,542

612,525

363,313

448,890

233,124

406,697
332,772
126,385
308,262

523,292

376,807

349,726

316,395

297,830

141,128

297,309

283,997

111,421

700,790

338,272

402,214

244,85J
176,337
239,911
299,396

352,302
254,089
96,297
193,278

263,993
43,768
119,195
503,442

331,733
176,923
126,847

250,668
180,363
229,181

282,109
241,914
81.118

306,3S9
70,71.1
93,181

94,597

358,307
131,981
69,455

654,620

279,963

425,185

292,747

339,575

292,291

Consumption.

Stocks.

CORN OIL—CRUDE.
Production.

Consumption.

Stocks.

55,117
12,194
54,906
106,988

60,137
11,733
34,457

LINSEED OIL.
Production.

3,271

88,668

301,788
95,775
64,025
426.226

COCONUT OR COPRA
OIL—CRUDE.
YEAR AND MONTH.

232,600

329,038
283,350
323,940
221,954

2,311
6,069

6,825
11,633
9,833

4,876
1,141
1,661

979
2,205
3,121

TOTAL FISH OIL.

ConsumpStocks,
tion. '

Production.

Consumption.

Stocks.

8,230
16,507
12,490
19,008

9,791
12,046
19,559
29,446

44,609
45,225
52,873
46,684

19,943
26,284
15,612

10,796 ! 30,767
8,863 I 49,714
10,153
60,310

Thousands of pounds.
1919 quarterly
1920 quarterly
1921 quarterly
1922 quarterly

average.
average.
average.
average..

53,886
32,805
28,247
46,381

1920.
Apr. 1 to June 30..
July 1 to Sept. 30..
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31...

31,047
33,607
26,882

1921.
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31...
Apr. 1 to June 30..
July 1 to Sept. 30..
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31...

23,062
19,900
34,439
35,588

1922.
Jan. 1 to Mar.31...
Apr. 1 to June 30...
July l t o Sept. 30..
Oct. l t o Dec. 31...

53,404
47,444
34,217
50,460

1923. .
Jan. 1 to Mar. 31...
Apr. 1 to June 30..
July l t o Sept. 30..

5S,750
61,523
50,131

105,564

155,220

73,525

93,277

60,274

73,143

75,721

111,401

24,350
24,655
21,870
26,623

22,408
22,692
17,987
25,369

8,027
6,589
7,093
7,236

113,232
121,318
120,703
114,361

47,286

22,211
25,272
14,153

6,703
6,845
5,537

121,407
126,138
120,502

57,944

64,371

57,310

77,503

40,731

104,111

53,551

! 65,425
|

78,457

59,706

j

99,611

85,754

| 100,718

73,475

100,593

55,623

101,219

66,499

84,009

24,928
28,221
13,256

61,531

65,447
70,239
77,219
79,667

15,670
19,028
25,004
27,779

13,395
15,848
19,568
23,135

5,469
5,841
7,335
9,726

118,787
118,781
107,716
137,528

38,134

i 122,308

1,038

66,505

83,144

2,585

112,014
131,001
108,557
94,031

26,984
23,917
26,026
28,904

28,904
21,306
23,307
27,957

7,546
7,073
8,139
6,186

85,996
88,823
66,083

28,222
28,768
26,630

25,803
24,470
26,527

5,672
9,185
5,874

52,771
64,992
61,802

70,448
62,046
73,597
90,794

93,368
82,174
80,566

65,324

I

69,601

23,384

68,861

I 123,391

22,952

124,941
70,349
103,400
158,753

74,396
92,605
89,096
90,917

155,252
97,034
69,036
81,551

155,148

97,009
105,613
90,334

71,629
81,453
91,650

178,267
154,5S8

1,940
8,892
44,433
20,765

4., 694
11.593
46.402

11,194
13,453
17,139
36,450

53,296
60,467
53,637
44,093

16, 3S7
31, 324
33, 720
31, 354

32,737
48,412
59,547
46,038

27, 507
26, ITS
27, 399

30,886
39,214
54,927

1
The figures given on pages 112,113, 116, and 117 represent the movement of pertain more important vegetable and animal fats and oils, as reported quarterly by the
Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. The data cover factory production, factory consumption, and factory and warehouse stocks. Tho stock figures refor
to the amount on hand at the end of each quarter.




118
FARM PRODUCTS, WHOLESALE PRICES.
Table 65.—INDEX

NUMBERS,

Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year In bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.J

WHEAT
FLOUR.

YEAR AND MONTH.

RYE.

WHEAT.

Standard
Winter
patstraights,
ents,
Kansas
MinneCity.
apolis.

No. 1,
northern
spring,
Chicago.

No. 2,
red
winter,
Chicago.

BARLEY.

OATS.

CORN.

COTTONSEED
OIL.

CATTLE.

HOGS.

No. 3,
cash.
Chicago.

By
sample,
fair to
good
malting,
Chicago.

Cash,
Chicago.

Cash,
contract
grades
No. 3,
Chicago.

Summer,
yellow
prime,
New
York.

Steers,
good to
choice,
corn
fed,
Chicago.

Heavy,
Chicago.

Ewes,
Chicago.

Lambs,
Chicago.

100
91
94
147
212

1OO
106
102
113
151

1OO
100
85
115
188

100
108
127
153
220

1OO
104
119
141
207

193
206
170
103
111

210
218
170
101
112

241
200
187
73
124

222
207
204
128
169

SHEEP,

Relative to 1913.
1913 monthly average..
1914 monthly average..
1915 monthly average..
1916 monthly average..
1917 monthly average..

100
111

100
107

100
114
147
155
254

102

100
121

133

172

137

175

231

294

100

145

146

159

158

249

274

245

224

305

2G2

278

281

239

241

277

301

2S5

256

294

182

183

161

146

191

159

159

140

126

1921.
May....
June
July....
August.

191
197
194
177

198
200
179
167

175
168
150
142

September..
October
November..
December.,

182
162
156
150

174
164
153
152

1923.
January
February
March
April

153
174
170
178

May....
June
July....
August.

100
« 98
113
139
210

100
112
132

100
111
117

121

132

170

262

206

257

186

255

212

226

139

207
195
202
102
101

159
146
125
125

231
202
192
168

150
142
134
137

130
121
119
119

153
174
176
176

141
153
148
152

176
164
170
153

174
167
162
144

September..
October
November..
December..

138
140
146
148

1923.
January..
February.,
March
April

1918 monthly average..
1919 monthly average..
1920 monthly average..
1921 monthly average.
1922 monthly average..

103

93

105

100

277
332
212
108
139

105
102
103
101

104
100
99
96

99
98
98
91

99
104
118
121

99
95
99
103

98
97
116
116

57
62
66

151
138
133
125

167
139
126
135

97
89
89

102
92
94
97

86
75
77
77

136
122
114
115

98
1C4
101
97

95
95
82
81

67
62
59
81

113
109
112
135

121
140
138
141

127
156
160
164

93
101
103
102

100
106
105
104

77
91
92
94

118
139
159
158

102
103
99

93
118
124
122

112
130
151
149

156
182
187
170

158
137
142
129

138
118
117
107

166
139
135
114

109
97
103
91

107

99
98
103
100

162
154
147
136

101
104
114
122

125
122
121
104

126
100
117
114

160
147
163
160

139
149
148
152

124
129
134
140

109
119
129
134

112
122
136
140

94
106
108
110

102
115
118
122

102
111
116
117

117
127
130
134

126
120
123
124

110
112
99
99

105
114
137
133

167
173
180
191

145
146
145
152

145
145
146
149

131
136
133
137

128
138
134
134

137
136
130
134

104
107
106
107

117
122
123
124

114
118
118
127

149
150
163
162

115
110
109
106

94
98
95

148
143
153
161

182
188
183
168

May....
June
July....
August.

147
137
131
133

148
138
126
127

131
121
111
117

131
121
103
103

122
108
102
106

108
103
104
100

120
117
112
103

130
134
137
140

161
166
141
144

112
121
125
128

96

132
103
108
123

169
190
179
164

September..
October
November..
December..

136
135

137
140

127
131

106
111

110
113

105
108

110
117

142
162

162
165

125
123

103
93

117
113

169
164




See footnote on opposite page.

119

FARM PRODUCTS, WHOLESALE PRICES.
Table 66.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year i n bold-faced t y p e ; i n d e x n u m b e r s on opposite page.]

WHEAT
FLOUR.

Y E A R AND M O N T H ,

StandWinter
ard
patents, straights,
Minne- Kansas
City.
apolis.

WHEAT.

No. 1,
northern
cago.

No. 2,
red
winter,
Chicago.

Per barrel.
$0,913
1.041
1.344
1.417
2.321

$0,986
1.005
1.307
1.351
2.278

675
338
282

10.304
10.695
11.579
7.051
6.130

2.235
2.563
2.600
1.467
1.282

May....
June
July....
August.

8. 745
9.006
8.900
8.120

7.625
7.700
6.895
6.418

September..
October....
November..
December..

8.318

6.681

7.425

6.305

7.170
6.881

5.900

1922.
January
February
March
April

7.000
7.975
7.813
8.144

May
June
July.......
August...

1914 m o n t h l y average.
1915 m o n t h l y average.
1916 m o n t h l y average.,
1917 m o n t h l y average..

$4,584
5.096
6.663
7.264
11.391

1918 m o n t h l y average..
1919 m o n t h l y average..
1920 m o n t h l y average..
1921 m o n t h l y average..
1922 m o n t h l y average..

BARLEY.

OATS.

CORN.

COTTONSEED
OIL.

No. 2,
cash,
Chicago.

By
sample,
fair to
good
malting,
Chicago.

Cash,
Chicago.

Cash,
contract,
grades
No. 2,
Chicago.

Summer,
yellow,
prime,
New
York.

$0,636
$0,625
.768 |
.615

$0,376
.419

$0,625
.695

1.092

.704 I

.496

.730

1.113
1.871

.867 I
1.315 i

.455
.637

1.637

2.209
2.357
2.522
1.437
1.238

1.940
1.534
1.873
1.214

1. 305
1. 217

1.600
1.631
1.370
1.294

1.568
1.438
1.229
1.237

1.467

1. 365
1.298
1. 226
1.254

1.276
1.193
1.176
1.177

1. 263
635
633

CATTLE.

.775
.700
.796
.387
.396

.826

1.605
1.597
1.414
.580
.623

HOGS.

SHEEP.

Steers,
good to
Lambs,
choice, Heavy,
Ewes,
corn
Chicago.! I Chicago.Chicago.
fed,
Chicago.

Per
pound.

Per bushel.

$3,847
4.125
5.612
6.091
10.551

1913 m o n t h l y average.

RYE,

Per 100 pounds.

$0,073
.066
.068
.106
.154

$8,507
9.039
8.702
9.573
12.809

.201
.241
.154
.079
.101

16. 424
17.496
14. 486
8.764
9.438

.072

8.4.25
8.094

8.195

8.406
8. 775
8.375

$8,365 J $4,687
5.044
8.361 i
5.929
7.131 j
9.615 !
7.166
15.705 | 10.332

$7,794
8.115
9.233
10.017
16.092

11.288
9.351
8.744
3.414
5. 787

17.325
16.125
15.904
9.994
13.183

11.790
10. 781

9.725
9.690

4.125
2.688
2.906
3.075
3.156
2.915
2.750
3.781

8.813

8.219

7.950
7.945
6.838
6.744

10.500

8.150
8.638
8.731
8. 406

7.765
9.900
10.338
10. 206

5.260
6.094
7.094
6.989

12.170
14.175
14.563
13.219

17.600 j

18.244 I
14.187 !
8.447 I
9.393

1921.

5.860

1.065

.657
.638
.645
.629

. 392
. 377
. 370
. 359

1.060
.882
.804
.858

.607
.553
.554
.548

.384
.346
.354
.364

.538
.469
.482
.482

.582
.633
.644
.640

.375
.398
.393
.393

.484
.572
.575
.588

.086
.101
.115
.115

.403
.372
.371
.335

.618
.609
.643
.022

.117
.112
.107
.099

8.615
8.863
9.700
10.375

10.425
10.228
10.090
8. 088

5.900
4.688
5.475
5.344

12.475
11.438
12.735
12.438

.384
.432
.445
.459

.635
.691
.722
.734

.085
.092
.094
.097

10. 713
10.245
10. 500
10.581

9.169
9. 360
S. 244
8. 2.50

4.938
5.325
6.438
6. 219

13.031
13.500
14.050
11. 869

.441
.457
.462
.466

.711
.737
.740
.793

.108
.109
.118
.117

6.950

14.175
14. 613
14. 250
13.055

. 451

.117

9. MS

7. 450

6.169

.113

10.313

6. 9."0

4.S13

13.144
14.781

.102

10. 590

7. 210

5.050

13. 975

.104

10. 87b

7.994

5.750

12. S13

.117
.120

10.8;% !
10.450 '

S.63S [' 5.481
7.775 !: 5.275

13.188

1.284
1.222

I .616
| .613
i . 613
I . 569

5.875

1.285

1.196

6.700

1.400

1.382

6.781

1.352

1.357

6.785

1.386

1.391

.992
1.021
1.043

8.060
7.500
7.788
0. 995

6.675
6.406
6.235
5.525

1.446
1.249
1.292
1.178

1.356
1.160
1.152
1.057

1.056
.886
.858
.723

.679
.608
.641
.568

September..
October
November..
December..

6.344
6. 435
6. 713
6.775

5.360
5. 719
5. 706
5. 860

1.129
1.178
1.228
1.274

1.071
1.177
1.273
1.325

.715
.776
.868
.890

.590
.660
.678

192:*.
January..
February.
March
April

fi. 630
6. 713
6.625
6.956

5. 569
5.569
5.600
5.744

1.199
1.244
1.216
1.253

1.258
1.360
1.321
1.320

.872
.864
.827
.853

.663
.670

6.720

5.675
5.325
4.S50
4.900

1.200
1.105
1.017
1.072

1.289

1.017

.777
.687
.647
.671

. 673
.643
.653
.623

.387

. S09
.839
.857
.876

6.238

5.280

1.156

6.200

5.400

1.197

1.048
1.097

.698
.720

.654
.678

.413
.439

1.011

May....
June
July....
August.
September..
October....
November..
December..




6.263
6.025
6.100

1.189
1.011

.439
,422

.884

.075

.088 |

8.875

.082

8.563

a 125

9. 780
S. ISO
9.356 | 7.S38
9.263 j 8.103
9.015
7.965

i From IT. 3. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, averages of weekly quotations.

6.719
7. 150
7.565

10.388
9.740

8.490
8.719

12.775

120

CROP PRODUCTION.
Table 67.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources.1
(Base year in bold-faced type.)
WHEAT.
CORN.

Winter. Spring.

OATS.

Total.

BARLEY.

TOTAL
R Y E . 1 BREAD
GRAINS.

RICE.

TOTAL
POTA- APPLES HAY, VALUE
OF
TOES. (total), TAME. C R O P S

1

YEAR AND MONTH.

Relative to 5-year average, 1909-1913.

A.-INDEX NUMBERS.
1909-1913 average
1914 final estimate
1915 final estimate
191G final ostimte
1917 final estimate
1918 final estimate
1919 final estimate
1920 final estimate
1921 final estimate
1922 final estimate
1923 final estimate
1922.
July estimate
....
August estimate .
September estimate
October estimate
November estimate....
1923.
June estimate
July estimate
August estimate
September estimate
October estimate .
November estimate—

100

1OO

100

100

1OO

1OO

1OO

155

84

119

99

101

107

123

153

144

149

111

137

126

155

109

64

93

95

111

100

140

94

91

93

113

141

116

180

128

145

134

92

136

141

261

172

85

141

104

105

81

216

100
104
123
99
117

100

100

100

1OO

99

115

143

106

121

101

130

130

171

80

110

138

145

124

94

126

161

115

96

116

175

81

131

138

91

121

118

132

104

173

112
110 |
122 I

218

91
113

127

133

130

88

119

113

95

85

177

109

157

101

56

125

133

110

125

107

107

102

274

111

175

127

114

147

129

101
107

119

106

105

100

235

108

108

137

117

111

105

123

114

141

113

119

111

107

228
228

113

123

111
106

163
162

120

123

110

162

141

109

118

105

109

108

228

109

164

123
121

117

123

115

141

123

109

118

107

109

108

228

110

164

121

116

141

106

100
107
121
159
236

126

131

96

119

111

108

208

* 110

133

96

120

106

113

109

197

111

138

107

107

125

129

92

116

110

116

111

186

138

107

106

129

90

115

114

116

110

180

113
115

136

109

108

123
124

129

87

114

112

115

110

186

113

137

113

108

131

129

87

114

112

115

110

180 j

113

137

117

110

251
270
191
122
157

131

i

Thous.
of tons.

Thousands of bushels.

Millions
of dollars.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.
1909-1913 average
1914 final estimate
1915 final estimate
1916 final estimate
1917 final estimate

4 4 1 , 6 0 2 2 4 5 , 0 5 9 6 8 6 , 6 9 7 2 , 7 0 8 , 3 3 4 1,131,175 181,886
194,953
2,672,804
1,141,060
891,017
684,990 206,027
2,994, 763
1,549,030 228,851
673,947 351,854 1,025,801
1,251,837
182,309
2,566,927
480,553 155,765 636,318
3,065,233
1,592,740 211,759
412,901 223,754 636,655

3 4 , 9 1 6 4,743,OO8
4,942,613
42,779
54,050
5,852,525
4,686,253
48,862
62,933
5,569,320

23,926 356,627 176,482
23,649 409,921 252,200
28,947 359,721 230,011
40,861 286,953 193,905
34,739 442,108 166,749

6 5 , 9 8 7 «5,7O3
6,112
70,071
6,907
85,920
91,192
9,054
83,303
13,479

565,099
760,677
610,597
600,316
586,204

356,339
207,602
222,430
214, 589
270,007

921,438
90S,279
833,027
814,905
856,211

2,502,665
2,810,318
3,208,584
3,008, 569
2,890,712

1,538,124
1,184,030
1,496,281
1,078,341
1, 215,496

256,225
147,608
189,332
154, 946
186,110

91,041
75,542
60,490
61,675
95,497

5,309,493
5,191,777
5,787,714
5,178,436
5,244,026

38,606
41,985
52,006
37,012
41,965

411,860
322,867
403,296
301,659
451,185

169,625
142,0S6
223,677
99,002
201,252

76,660
86,359
87,855
82,379
90,687

1922.
July estimate
August estimate
September estimate—
October estimate
November estimate

569 276
541,809
541,809
541,809
541,809

247,660
203,392
276,665
268,314
268,314

816,936
805,201
818,474
810,123
810,123

2 860 245
3,010,950
2,874,759
2,8.53,399
2,896,108

1,186,626
1,251,156
1,255,004
1,229,774
1,229,774

181,586
191,507
193,850
196,431
196,431

81,998 i 5,128,457
5,344,414
79,623
79,023
5,221,710
79,023
5,169,350
5,212,059
79,623

39.085
38,700
38,810
39,159

428,607
439,900
438,398
433,015
433,015

189,549
202,000
200,507
203,667
205,539

90,400
93,100
92,886
92,886
92,880

1923.
Tune* pstiiirdtc
July estimate
August estimate
September estimate...
October estimate
November estimuto

580 541
585,889
568,386
508,386
568,386
568,386

236 039
234,739
224,990
220,841
213,351
213,351

816 580

2,877,437
2,981,752
3, 075, 780
3,021, l.'>t
3,029,192

1 256 456
1,283,717
1,315,853
1,311,687
1,302,453
1,302,453

196 110
198,105
202,032
199,337
199,251
199,251

72,473
08,704
64,800
04,774
64,774
64,774

381,720
380,000
389,074
401,421
416,722

ISC) 621
188,608
187,501
189,787
100,727
193,855

83 300
82, 800
81,300

1918 final estimate
1919 final estimate
1920 final estimate
1921 final estimate
1922 final estimate
1923 final estimate

820,628
793,376
789, 227
781,737
731,737

3 5,219,056
5,248,591
5,357,813
5,440,811
5,300,009
5,377,107

3<J, 159

33,099
32,900
312,017
32,737
32,737

14,331
15, 423
10,909
6,934
8,961

S1.S7L
80,538
80,538

1 Yearly figures represent the latest revised estimates of total production for the year as reported by the U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural
Economics.
2 Estimated total value of all crops based on prices at the farm on Dec. 1.
a June figures for total bread grains include corn as estimated on July 1.




121

FRUITS, VEGETABLES, AND HAY.
Table 68.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources*1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]

WHITE
CITRUS
POTAFRUITS TOES.

APPLES.

YEAR AND
MONTH.

Coldstorage
holdings.3

ONIONS.

HAT.

SWEET
CORN
(IowaNebraska
canneries).

APPLES.

1918 mo.
1919 mo.
1920 mo.
1921 mo.
1922 mo.

av.
av.
av.
av.
av.

108
100
136
139
143

1921.
May
June....
July
August..
September.
October...
November.
December.

Unsold
stocks.

Relative Thous. of
barrels.
to 1922.

Number of carloads.

Tons.

Cases.

B . - N U M E R I C A L DATA.

1922.
January
February..
March
April
May....
June...
July....
August.
September
October
November..
December..
1923.
January
February...
March
April
May
June
July
August
September.
October...
November.
December.

76

75

1,839

6,950

11,397

70

80

92

1,587

4,754

12,055

63

94

105

103

1,865

5,737

3,417

14,105

100
100
126 i
111
118 I 139
114 ,
108

100

100

100

1,735

6,796

5,398

2,351

8,580

5,975

2,403

8,042

7,500

2,483

7,735

5,836

15,005
14,627
18,206
19,983

97

124

121

111

58

133

124

64

100

22

161

96

139

46

1,119

1,496

8,712

6

144

118

47

45

445

422

7,750

18

94

114

85

47

131

50

67

107

118

57

174

193

50

94

288

150

64

193
517

210

213

113

111

54

170

331

70

1,220

5,063

3,384

3,613

13,146
6 210

35,117

5,076

3,643

14,464

6,103

5,739

54

3,667

792

5,991

9,178

8,841

313

62

164

111

102

5,429

4,217

249

69

128

88

59

4,313

4,682

178

14,461
17,645
17,041
16,115

167

148

42

3,090

2,933

137

134

178

1,930

1,761

54

17

115

135

131

944

1,140

6,205

18

18

71

148

54

314

1,192

3,855

3

35

45

122

75

50

56

2,387

2,421

63

37

117

126

70

4,312

1,980

20,275
22,136
18,381
17, 530

35
84
132
190

159
225
132

251
269
116

62

1,452

71

5,521

13,903
29,313
18,740

389

205
431
276
121

1,888
4,519
7,101
10,244

23,795
33, 711
19, 547
11,589

16,049
13,481
22,917
21,728

318

77

71

73

6, 743

374

120

198

107

110

6,481

8,171

10,706

310

92

179

90

80

37

5,376

6,257

9,659

223

79

205

153

81

30

3,877

5,362

133

40

185

145

77

67

2,314

2,699

11,045
9,962

62

22

180

101

144

51

17

1,070

16

7

129

132

39

50

12

277

3
2

46

91

106

80

56

7

45

55

55

102

125

5

30

1,529
468
3,154
3,749

4

212

153

213

71

50

655

100

223

274

73

50

869

340

08

14,377
44,515

2,423

55,519
54,752
56,819
68,515

822
1,482
2,048

1,781

43

77

124,870
120,675
119,102
69,948
76,873

16,663
13,181
22,224
20,131

26

66

1,835
1,740
2,163
1,932
2,166

3,362

178

7,421

1,304
1,596

26,040
43,250
16,729
10,496

111

84

SWEET
CORN
(IowaNebraska
canneries).

Receipts.

102

46

HAY.

Car-lot shipments.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
106
91

ONIONS.

Coldstorage
holdings.s

Unsold
Receipts. stocks.

Car-lot shipments.

Relative to 1919.

1916 mo. a v .
1917 mo. av.

CITWHITE
RUS
POTAFRUIT.2 TOES.

1,248
1,148

1,022
724
3,102
2,286
945
1,298
2,201
4,361
4,687
2,018
1,526

60,801
76,960
65,717
64,727

83,594
73,125
68,723
65,177
64,887
83, 510
60,067
84,163
92,749
74,362
85,988
86,132

1,909

69,014

1,413

83,359

51,644,000

1,400,000

519,600

649,000
569,417

83,423

1,398

< 784,5 04

1,335

80,969

2,514
683
i, 396
2,168

61,708

2,994

15,123
19,849
15,853
15,324

3,290

22,907

5,390

33,433

3,701
4,760

291,209
238,417

9,731
6,978
4,887

60, 248
67,066
72,006

133,623
97,566
52,347
43,092

85,230
87,780

393,9

5,907

1
Except receipts of hay at 11 principal markets, which are compiled from weekly reports to the Hay Trade Journal and unsold stocks of canned sweet corn at the end
ofeachmonthin 36 canneries of Iowa and Nebraska, compiled by the Iowa-Nebraska Canners Association; other data compiled by U.S. Department of Agriculture Bureau of
Agricultural Economics.
2
Oranges, lemons, and grapefruit.
a
As of 1st of the month.
* Average of stocks taken January, July, October, and December, 1922.
6 November 18,1921.




122

MOVEMENT OF CEREALS.
Table 69.—INDEX

NUMBERS.

Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in boM-flaced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
WHEAT
FLOUR.*
Consumption.

Y E A R AND MONTH.

Eelative
to 1914.
1913 monthly av..
1914 monthly av..
1915 monthly av..
1916 monthly av.,
1917 monthly av.
1918 monthly
1019 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly
1922monthly

av.,
av.
av.
av.,
av..

1931.
May
June
July
August
September..
October
November..
December..
1922.
January
February...
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.
September..
October
November..
December. .
1923.
January
February
March
April
May....
June...
July....
August.
September..
October....
November..
December..




Stocks.

Relative to 1919.

96
114
94
104
108

Visible
sup-8
ply.
Relative
to 1913.

Relative to 1919.

101
105
114

100
95
76
77

60
69

71

177

103
1OO
86
115
111

82
100
117
122
116

103
41
71
256
315

144
127
134

j

GrindReShipceipts. * ments .< lugs.

OATS.

Visible
supPly. I

Relative to 1913.

100
91
111
116

100
127
140
150
148

100

126
118

100
82
93
104
76

165
100
120
189
219

153
100
109
214
244

146
129
121
116
133

68
86
42
37
37

215
308
287
199
414

137

2S
43
34
71

106

62

173

113

99

193

198

107

216

480

197

347

141
116

87

98

54

52

86

113

211

142

241

112

S3

77

57

41

96

105

326

235

244

109

110

95

75

69

197

129

208

118

216

100

137

124

96

218

263

161

196

244

138

138

143

170

195

202

158

244

305

145

143

126

111

233

132

144

266

230

239

157

105

125

98

260

81

98

217

103

144

147

91

115

82

264

76

68

323

265

197

143

362

347

332

123

533

389

360

142

56
44
23
19

110

77

235

55

57

95

97

80

210

72

58

100

119

64

194

64

71

607

207

270

159

81

85

60

173

50

54

470

97

136

100

25
26
36
21

,

RYE.

Receipts a t principal
interior m a r k e t s .

^fiffirl Relative to 1919.
to 1913.
100
105
183
ji 1 2 5
!i
64

73
1OO

Visible
supply.3

ShipReceipts. ' ments.*

100
93
61
108
51

100
96
102
101

BARLEY.

CORN,

WHEAT.

107

100
14
1

109

106

132

138

120
106
128
86

270

92

268

424

92

355

232

106

401

154

52

397

181

65

98

80

387

123

87

405

251

74

371

110

45

321

58

132

92

12S

371

181

268

112

32

353

94

275

84

90

58

95

67

110

393

208

220

127

36

141

106

97

75

79

126

108

265

173

294

126

126

124

86

193

245

119

163

246

135

45

1,088

85
81
123

245
211
220

129

136

88

154

183

161

166

235

216

146

926

108

207

140

141

94

255

153

141

124

217

263

161

608

115

204

138

144

96

248

135

137

153

160

161

153

005

113

189

114

135

82

266

144

122

217

250

158

109

56
51
45
47

550

101

186

104

114

<S

274

119

203

250

255

132

42

97

98

82

264

69

54

350

209

1S7

127

2S

307

109

109

85

249

69

68

372

175

1*2

142

38

2S4

90

138

92

103

79

231

70

63

291

113

161

126

28

an

82

126
78

83

111

109

177

77

159

93

107

72

148

53

111

102

71

183

145

20

185

65

86

93

73

103

58

73

51

95

126

126

24

196

OS

49

107

104

73

83

107

88

28

121

132

97

22

113

78

33

124

137

130

207

132

23

146

148

128

5d

297

130

58

124

115

93

196

144

130

30

123

131

133

80

413

128

95

129

133

90

303

129

95

13

110

98

153

265

139

118

See footnotes on opposite page.

123

MOVEMENT OP CEREALS.
Table 70.—NUMERICAL DATA.
Baaed on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.!

WHEAT FLOUR.*

YEAR AND MONTH.

ConProduc- sumption.
tion.

Stocks.

WHEAT.

BARLEY.

CORN.

Visible
ReVisible
Shipsupply.8 ceipts .< ments*4 supply.5

ReShip- Grindceipts.* ments. 4 ings.

Receipts at principal
interior markets.

9,058
7,435

10,233

4,195
3,817
4,664
5,276
4,952

24,774
14,995
17,985
28,409
32,814

13,525
8,845
9,653
18,949
21,552

6,142
5,411
5,055
4,875
5,566

6, 118

17,708
27,303
17,519
13,490

21,319
35,240
17,658
29,381

21,282
21,576
19,127
21,565

40,300
28,758
19,455
13,634

13,262
22,328
18,197
27,109

36,561
34,496
15,467
39,723

17,458
22,700
20,220
15,630

11,335
11,536
14,135
10,684

30,383
44,767
61,040
39,502

67,853
48.816
40, 513
44,097

29,070
20,997
39,534
60,644

25,474
21,927
21,612
48,846

8,300
8,900
9,100
7,700

78,958
131,048
127,409
136,893

57,735
48,300
42,493
45,331

9,326
7,984
8,852
8,427

7,400
7,700
8,050
7,457

140,760
135,697
128,085
118,861

9,007
8,331
10,408
12,016

8,701
7,618
8,442
11,162

6,800
6,900
6,900
8,100

11,995
12,561

9,341
10,850

8,800
8.500

14,198

8,404
8,857
15,352
10,476
5,346

21,158
17,447

32,517
31,493
27,038
36,369
35,009

16,335
19,919
23,252
24,318
23,107

8,655
3,444
5,999
21,539
26,476

26,875
21,027
35,493
49,369

27,000
30,172
61,994
68,643

22,517
21,001
25,741
52,464

8,265
10,425
9,241
7,776

87,197
119,943
133,702
135,823

61,406
41,568
25,576
23,975

8,991
7,893
9,720
6,986

7,300
7,500
6,000
5,700

120,804
107,791
99,764
88,772

8,073
8,136
10,321
12,271

7,245
7,368
7,909
10,080

5,500
5.500
7,037
8,100

September..
October
November..
December..

12,540
13,581
13,424
11,049

11,081
11,522
11,708
10,991

1923.
January
February
March
April

10,137
9,425
10,607

May....
June
July....
August.
September..
October
November..
December..

monthly a v . . .
monthly av
monthly av
monthly a v . . .
monthly a v . . .

9,703
9,338
9,919
9,815

1918
1919
1920
1921
1922

monthly av
monthly av
monthly av
monthly av
monthly av

9,317
11,091
9,146
10,102
10,467

8,156
8,237
8,569
9,283

May
June
July
August.

8,406
8,087
10,720
13,266

September..
October
November..
December..

Visible
supply.

Thousands of bushels.

Thousands of barrels.
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

OATS.

RYE.

51,378
47,725
31,220
55,640
26,330

18,861
21,619

9,433
8,943
7,148
7,220

37,735
73,833
65,353
69,030
91,060

7,989
6,248
7,746
10,126

5,100
5,400
7,090
8,363

13,349
13,917
10,166
8,856

11,660
10,248
10,164
9,365

9,496
9,232
9,658
7,823

May....
June
July....
August.

1,294
1,648
1,809
1,936
1,912

8, 385
438
6, 907

20,694 17,415
19,784
22,200
22,651 18,384
27,299 24,025
23,692
24,844

3, 367 I

2,777
3,988
3,712
2,573
5,353

28,335
19,264
17,800
17,880
19,063

18,512
22,298
15,478
46,968
46,738

4,696
4,577
4,195
5,772

2,551
3,859
3,073
6,387

1,369
1,465
2,557
6,208

12,855
20,570
22,152
40,690

30,114
34,401
37,562
60,455

26,961
21,160
12,770
17,403

6,092
6,589
6,174
6,001

5,086
4,013
2,102
1,704

5,488
3,006
1,987
2,346

19,016
21,994
10,841
13,420

61,824
09,917
69,198
07,728

52,097
58,330
31,035
14,552

29,393
31,842
23,891
12,019

6,179
5,946
6,685
4,211

2,265
2,358
3,291 j
1,881 !

1,267
1,589
3,254
1,417

16,483
17,711
15,340
9,371

67,423
70,470
64,644
55,837

31,170
33,068
22,304
10,007

27,083
31,157
25,975
24,380

23,691
19,463
26,009
21,728

4,705
5,323
5,294
5,650

2,933 i
3,269 ;
2,283 '
4,121

4,564
1,824
1,430
14,085

19,594
17,555
16,811
25,371

47,950
42,743
36,667
38,355

32,081
28,076
27,300
24,280

13,952
10,436
12,846
18,236

35,296
32,477
23,925
37,466

19,136
23,252
14,206
13,991

6,108
6,733
6,403
4,557

5,081
4,607
4,104
4,215

i 11,980
|
7,868
|
7,832
I 7,121

22,418
23,776
23,375
20,955

35,963
35,464
32,940
32,391

37,615
21,618
21,746
21,901

18,936
10,740
13,621
12,567

22,133
29,877
31,266
24,472

37,558
31,287
26,222
16,976

22,521
16,533
16,090
14,274

j
|
;
|

5,530
5,336
5,946
5,270

3,776
2,556
3,403
2,500

|
!
j
!

7,176
4,749
3,679
4,022

22,635
16,023
18,568
16,867

30,861
27,683
24,044
21,932

76,029
52,912
45,084
67,020

16,742
18,220
33,804
65,315

22,191
15,476
17,586
26,387

8,598 I 10,663
4,269 j 14,212
18,184
2,346
21,822
1,966

16,187 !
11,102
11,661 |
13,069

6,084
5,279
4,080
5,390

1,806
2.162
2,018
5,036

2,388
2,542
1,458
3,239

13,454
14,139
16,130
28,179

13,514
8,523
5, 10
10,111

100,651
155,517

45,314
40,488

25,837
18,993

2,516 | 18,474
1,105 ' 16,450

11,615
8,689

5,577
6,424

7,210 !
6,061

5,342
3,434

26,556
28,710

16,514
20,488

7, 746
3, 815
3, 321 |

1921.

1922.
January
February
March
April

i

»Wheat flour production, consumption, and stocks reported by V. S. Grain Corporation, prior to July, 1920, later months from Russell's Commercial News; Visible
supply of wheat and corn from BradstreeVs; Receipts and shipments of wheat and corn and receipts and visible supply (at nearest week to end of month) of oats, compiled
by Chicago Board of Trade,from the Price Current-Grain Reporter; receipts of barley and rye compiled from reports of commercial organizations by Federal Reserve Board;
grindings of corn by the wet process in the manufacture of cornstarch, glucose, etc., compiled by the American Manufacturers Association of Products from Corn and comprise the entire production of the United States.
a Consumption calculated from production, stocks, imports, and exports. Stocks represent flour in all positions, calculated from actual reports bearing a known relation to total stocks.
» Aggregate stocks in United States and Canada east of the Rocky Mountains, on nearest Saturday to end of the month.
4
At principal primary markets.
• For monthly production figures since January, 1914, see page 47 in the October, 1922 (No. 14) issue of the Survey.




124
OEEEAL EXPORTS.
Table 71.—(A) IBTEEX JTinffKEJtS AND (B) JTUMERICAL DATA.
'Based on data from Government sources.*
[Base year in bdld^cediiype'.J
EXPORTS OF GRAIN ^Including flour and meal sis grata*).

YEAR AND MONTH.

Barley
and
barley8
flour.

Corn
and
corn 3
meal.

Oats
and
oatmeal.*

Wheat
Ryj
Total
and
and
wfaeat (grains.
flour.e
flour.'

Barley
and
barley
flour.*

Corn
and
corn 8
meal.

Oats
and
oatmeal.1

B.—NUMERICAL

.—INDEX NUMBERS.
average..
average..
average..
average..
average..

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly
1922 monthly

average..
average.,
average.,
average.,
average..

Wheat
and
wheat
flour.s

Total
grains.

Thousands of bushels.

Relative to 1913.

1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

Rye
and
rye
flour.5

DATA.

102
196
153
118

100
67
191
168
149

1,461
554
2,211
1,874
1,488

4,223
874
4,185
4,603
4,751

3,018
223
8,993
8,791
9,370

155
189
1,138
1,320
1,224

11,907
12,133
23,034
18,230
14,070

20,764
13 g73
39,560
34,817
30,903

879
2,183
3,195
1,622
2,571

146
187
215
249
169

171
173
169
222
201

1,897
3,369
1,489
2,153
1,536

3,922
1,325
1,771
10,997
13,835

10,815
5,551
1,357
698
2,979

1,359
3,375
4,938
2,512
3,985

17,413
22,259
25,636
29, C43
19,337

35,406
35,878
35,191
46,002
41,672

21
19
20
56

1,329
1,585
604
2,070

270
255
562

209
235
237
435

458
1,372
2,108
4,602

8,694
12,139
15,234
13,970

628
569
604
1,677

2,055
2,456
936
3,105

31,624
32,178
30,413
60,963

43,459
48,714
49,295
90,323

448
224
100
248

22
28
11
19

2,400
1,291
446
1,274

327
213
163
126

326
191
132
139

5,357
2,082
2,511
830

18,937
9,470
4,475
10,488

678
844
343
573

3,720
2,001
691
1,975

38,950
25,366
19,453
15,014

67,642
39,763
27,473
28,880

29
32
57
69

460
527
543
446

17
14

126
92
121

67

745
780
615
2,545

176
170
202
174

421
465
836
1,002

19,437
22,254
22,936
18,817

511
436
2,770
2,035

1,154
1,209
954
3,945

14,982
10,991
14,371
10,244

36,505
35,355
41,867
30,043

69
79
1-13

268
280
341
292

103
236
153
76

3,543
3,215
1, 803
.2,083

120
153
160
327

170 1
208 !
209
290 i

* 015
,
153
1 ,
2,519
2 080
;

11,306
11,805
14,395
12,325

3,101
7,114
4,631
2,286

5,491
4,984
2,795
4,623

14,267
18,200
19,008
38,964

35,183
43,256
43,438
00,284

251
201
107
52

231
244
183
117

191
123
111
30

7,202
1, 442
3,538
2,442

267
211
148
138

295
213
172
129

3,671
2,910
1,563
762

9,769
10,312
7,722
4,944

4,870
3,721
3,356
915

11,163
2,235
5,484
3,785

3-1,839
25,077
17,579
16,428

61,312
44,285
35,704
20,834

j
211 |
184 i
133 j

10
32
29
39

2,229
3,8,54
892
1, 436

105
102
90

118
141
105
96

061
1,191
1,012
708

7, 388
8,894
7,704
5,632

497
966
874
1,175

3,455
5,974
1,382
2,220

12,519
12,197
10,725
10,195

24,520
2(J, 222
21,757
.19,930

127
50
31
22

35
21

121
108

124
96
92
125

362
816
2,571

5,358
2,123
1,329 |
942 j

1,069
641
857
815

4,639
3,880

28
27

2,993
2,507
2,103
1.139

3, -'352
1,705

14,390
12,881
12.822
19.92!)

25, 827
19,893
19.176
20,022

41
38

1,673
352

2,054
1,425

1,291
688

1,241
1,158

2,593
545

22,465
18.052

29,644
22,408

IOO
21
99
109
112

100
7

358
184
45
22

105

93
31
42
280
328

May....
Juno
July
August.

31
94
144
315

206
287
361
331

September..
October
November..
December..

367
143
172
57

January..
February.
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.
September..
October
November..
December..

38
151
128
102
130
231
102
147

298
291
310

TOO
123
736
854
792

100

1921.

1922.

92

1923.
January..
February.
March
April

45 i
82 |
09 !
48

May....
June
July....
August.

25
25
56
176

September..
October
November..
December..

141
98

108
107
189

143

357

108

i

I
i Data from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
* Barley flour converted at 5.5 bushels to the barrel.
• Corn meal converted at 4 bushels to the barrel.




4
6

Oatmeal converted at 5.21 bushels to 100 pounds.
Rye flour converted at 0 bushels to the barrel.
e Wheat flour converted at 4.5 bushels to the barrel.

125

RICE.
Table 72.—(A) IKDEX NTJMBEES AND <B) JfUMERICAL DATA.
Data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]

SHIPMENTS.

STOCKS,
EN'© O *
^1
MONTH.

STOCKS,
ENBOF
MONTH.
RE-

RE-

CEIPTS
AT
MILLS. Total
from
mills.

YEAR AND MONTH.

New
Orleans.

Domestic at
mills
and
dealers.

CEIPTS
AT
MILLS.

EXIMPORTS. PORTS.

Barrels
of 162
pounds. 2

Relative to 1919.

Domestic at
mills
and
dealers.

New
Orleans.

EXIMPORTS. PORTS.

In pockets of 100 pounds.

A. - I N D E X N U M B E R S .

1

Total
from
in ills.

B.-- N U M E R I C A L D A T A .

67

141

7

169,718

191,510

80

..

142

203,340

193,597

41,904

468,036

479,349

212,140

56,327
109,114

1915 monthly average

77

78

77

93

156

13
18

1916 monthly average

105

107

101

126

132

35

640,627

1917 monthly average

97

105

108

108

163

55

591,159

114

109

84

328

45

1OO

1OO

1OO

87

159

1OO
81

1OO

91

131

157

125

159

137

130

108

Mav

188

232

Juno

72

129

63

23,004

196,238

757,281

652,912

258,484

1,021,642

179,760

642,918

275,513

872,667

222,059

172,990

633,910

699,754

278,758

682,788

446,741

139,944

609,477
639,610

611,661

811,658
1,287,057

314,063

554, 723

254,825
222,175

136,090

104

109,706

327,177

47

143

796,277

957, 589

31S, 147

1,291,023

63,532

448,412

154

39

109

837,657

797,973

275.35S

1,253,992

52,946

342,952

151

184

56

167

1,144,416

1,420,264

384,232

1,493,210

76,182

524,253

120

130

69

235

439,510

787,344

305,436

1,059,100

94,001

737,697

137

130

79

14

201

385,328

839,608

331,005

640, 711

19,182

632,650

161 ;

149

150

86

52

197

980,719

910,458

382,944

696,742

71,016

619,817

126

123

107

85

19

174

767,628

752,036

271,444

686,344

25,201

545,767

193

142

81

119

86

129

1,177,836

871,375

205,417

968,175

117,191

406,029

1918 monthly average

104

1919 monthly average

100

1920 monthly average

105

1921 monthly average .
1922 monthly average

.

!

1921.

July
AllPTJSt

.

. . .

...

September

.

140 |

122

85

139

45

109

855,773

744,597

215,978

1,128,925

60,589

340,996

145

November

124

109

155

51

114

885,383

759,564

277,821

1,258,454

68,901

359,166

1922.
141

73

185

63

862,554

185,931

1,505,521

86,395

236,723

167

131

204

39

75
128

966,825

!

992,952

1,020,375

333,436

1,653,294

53,447

400,867

214 |

196

166

190

31

213

1,301,984

1,198,126

423,044

1,540,545

42,752

669,032

April

51 1

82

63

165

36

155

309,256

499,480

101,537

1,335,899

48,996

422,883

May

15

79

79

120

63

100

90,891

481,812

200,198

972,422

86,100

312,840

June

7

46

56

94

25

149

44,793

283,19S

142,52S

761,982

34,653

468,321

July

3

44

53

63

15

105

21,106

267,552

135,916

20,521

329,792

74

85

89

50

15

83

448,897

519,652

226,831

515,190
402,278

20,664

261,182

Septem1)©r

149

129

96

77

»38

38

909,359

790,466

243, 9(37

621,405

3 51,285

119,415

October
November

314

233

150 '

174

31

48

1,913,275

1, 424, 934

397,074

1,409,775

41,744

152,075

292

210

171

247

127

1,780,120

1, 287, 207

436,506

2,003,659 ;

105,842

398,832

209

154

164

287

78
32

109

1,272,415

940,319

4.17,324

2,325,937

42.948

343. 102

156

166

136

281

88

151

952,293

1,015,520

347,405

2,283,793

119,218

474,538

61

92

121

251

106

561,779

308, 663 1 2,039,140

39.S30

334,215

65-V1S2
707,736

205,855 I 1,743,020 !
30,146
315,4S5
1,575,051 S • 70,721

331,926

159

January
February

.. -

March .

August

. . .

. . .

163

1923.

March

65 ;

107

81

215

29
22

111

392,191
395,697

April

87

116

124

194

52

106

529,193

May

22

92

80

144

18

112

137.116 i

560,037

202, 717

1

1,169, 78! >

30

57

52

119

68

84

184,684 :

348,369

262, S07

64

92

11

1M <>:$s !

34f», 5S3

965, S79 i
744.4S1

93,218

56

131,517 !
1(>3,41V

lr),427

3SS,S07

67

40

68

15 I
1

437, o 0 t <

410,3SS

101.931 !

54s, 030

20,155

102 000

6")

101

61

4.792

102,959

248

158

93 !

951,101

7,897

184,646

February

•

JUly

17

An mist

72

September
October

.

....

1
i

124 !
32

44

4

33

303.005 i

017,952

i:»»i, 469

118

6

59

1,512,281 I

90S,779

236,714 !

!i
1

i

317, o:;4

351,396

I
1 through
of r ice

Receipts, shipments and stocks at mills from Rice Millers' Association, comprising movement of the whole rice crop except California rice. Shipments
New Orleans compiled by New Orleans Board of Trade. Imports and exports from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, dat for rough
a
rice being reduced to the equivalent clean rice at 162 pounds of rough to 100 pounds of clean.
J
Rough rice barrels of 162 pounds are equivalent to clean rice pockets of 100 pounds each.
3
Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect; other 9 days included in October figures.




126

LIVE-STOCK MOVEMENT.
Table 73.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
CATTLE.

YEAR AND MONTH,

Shipments.
Total
receipts. STOCKER
AND
FEEDER.

SHEEP.

HOGS.

TOTAL.

Total
slaughter.

Shipments.
Total
receipts. STOCKER
AND
FEEDER.

TOTAL.

Shipments.
Total
slaughter.

Total
receipts. STOCKER
AND
FEEDER.

TOTAL.

Total
slaughter.

Relative to 1919.
1917 monthly average..
1918 monthly average..
1919 monthly average..
1920 monthly average..
1921 monthly average..
1922 monthly average..

93
102
100
91
80
94

87

84
95
100

97

92

99

109
100
91
81
91

93

100
76
66

85
101
100
95
92

85
108

99

100
81
56
65

100
107

100
90

103

61

67

72

75

84

81

100

100

100

100

83

74

86

87

45

78

102

80

84

104

87

107

71

101

94

1921.
January
February..
March
April

80

46

68

87

126

58

140

120

79

15

57

58

38

52

64

107

68

116

103

67

11

48

76

54

67

83

90

108

106

84

77

15

57

100

73

54

74

18

58

94

May
June
July
August..

75

49

67

81

52

85

21

77

77

47

66

88

44

82

15

63

65

28

55

74

73

23

77

71

78

24

64

95

91

81

95

87

71

31

78

68

110

70

93

127

71

September.
October
November.
December..

78

76

104

93

90

102

86

55

80

67

116

96

118

114

113

141

134

95

60

102

79

134

126

138

127

94

113

112

82

44

109

93

91

88

90

94

56

76

65

105

47

149

85

73

35

73

76

88

1922.
January...
February.
March
April

79

53

75

81

114

36

150

81,

32

73

69

55

66

72

97

83

111

90

62

29

54

72

79

64

71

87

91

99

99

89

65

25

56

74

79

82

75

89

79

54

17

47

64

87

100

93

96

78

101

76

75
75
74
86

72

May
June
July....
August.

91

105

September.
October
November.
December..

82
59
51
107

75

88

80

41

101
106
76

116

97

81

41

78

25

81

33

64

88

35

59

91

61

75

97

117

143

141

97

82

45

97

76

102

92

107

95

143

196

176

114

99

65

109

93

146

197

181

101

118

161

150

100

118

73

126

115

101

131

121

84

81

95

87

134

61

139

133

67

44

59

78

1923.
January...

91

64

85

95

142

158

134

72

30

60

85

February.

69

48

63

76

120

85

140

111

60

29

53

67

March

73

45

62

84

132

92

143

128

63

20

53

April

81

53

64

95

116

101

117

115

64

14

48

May....,

93

68

80

103

121

89

121

121

79

37

75

June

80

54

72

87

113

84

118

111

64

20

53

78

July.....

93

50

83

91

112

45

125

105

73

33

59

89

83

121

90

79

59

74

8G

84

August..

108

109

118

102

99

September.

112

143

129

97

97

136

112

90

117

155

144

85

October

136

178

155

120

129

135

140

123

153

25S

202

93

November..
December..




See footnote on opposite page.

127

LIVE-STOCK MOVEMENT.
Table 74,—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
CATTLE.

YEAR AND MONTH,

Shipments.
Total
receipts. STOCKER
AND
FEEDER.

TOTAL.

HOGS.
Shipments.
Total
Total
slaugh- receipts. STOCKER
ter.
AND
TOTAL.

SHEEP.
Shipments.
Total
Total
slaugh- receipts. STOCKER
ter.
AND
TOTAL.

FEEDER.

Total
slaughter.

FEEDER.

Thousands of animals.
1917 monthly average 1918 monthly average.
1919
1920
1921
1922

monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly

average.
average.
average.
average.

1,094
2,104

2,054
1,866
1,649
1,933

382
408
440

894

336
292
40C

747
850
818
717
8S7

1,109
1,241
1,141
1,034
923
1,036

3,737
3,549
3,425
3,672

64
81
75
61
42
49

1,185
1,194
1,273
1,228
1,277

2,157
2,572
2,536
2,272
2,194
2,395

1,618
1,869
2,265
1,876
2,014
1,859

352
432
578
430
258
346

3,159
3,766

1,027

808
1,011
1,210
1,043
944
969

756
855

1,054
915
1,072

1921.
January...
February.
March
April

1,644
1,190
1,565
1,494

205
166
237
238

609
465
600
612

728
948
892

4,700
4,009
3,382
3,230

43
51
81
57

1,666
1,391
1,261
1,136

3,032
2,604
2,119
2,097

1,792
1,516
1,750
1,677

62
88
107

687
586
693
706

1,101
935
1,053
988

May....
June
July....
August..

1,542
1,580
1,343
1,867

214
209
122
355

597
593
492
846

924
1,005
844
997

3,328
3,579
2,727
2,656

39
33
17
23

1,045
1,143
919
931

2,270
2,474
1,808
1,722

1,916
1,850
1,776
2,500

123
89
139
404

926
768
772
1,123

1,015
1,093
1,006
1,335

September.
October
November.
December..

1,906
2,311
1,928
1,417

395
622
497
245

911
1,194
997
682

1,082
935
742

2,655
3,214
3,6S7
3,931

41
45
33
35

951
1,219
1,297
1,775

1,697
1,992
2,370
2,147

2,618
3,042
2,008
1,664

555
731
511
202

1,428
1,668
1,094
881

1,200
1,341

January...
February.
March
April

1,628
1,416
1,622
1,470

233
243
282
235

673
586
632
562

927
822
994

4,278
3,613
3,411
3,007

27
62
74
56

1,787
1,327
1,181
1,067

2,484
2,286
2,246
2,000

1,835
1,400
1,465
1,227

183
169
143
97

888
656
677
5G4

925
761
780
678

May....
June
July
August.

1,878
1,759
1,709
2,149

359
259
223
469

780
701
669
1,035

1,086
1,060
1,002
1,106

3,737
3,776
2,980
3,037

70
57
31
31

1,149
1,114
1,025
1,065

2,572
2,678
1,940
1,976

1,692
1,700
1,677
1,951

145
191
201

832
777
717
904

852
923
956
1,021

September.
October
November.
December..

2,397
2,936
2,427
1,825

630
864
710
357

1,265
1,570
1,345
847

1,107
1,299
1,138
994

3,062
3,682
4,421
5,004

34
49
55
46

1,153
1,305
1,501
1,657

1,917
2,362
2,918
3,362

2,303
3,311
2,288
1,516

1,138
757
256

1,297
2,192
1,465
708

1,005
1,067

January...
February.
March
April

1,876
1,426
1,502
1,070

281
210
19S
233

756
559
554
573

1,087
870
956
1,080

5,306
4,490
4,926
4,318

66
64
69
70

1,887
1,669
1,703
1,393

3,395
2,819
3,234
2,924

1,636
1,366
1,430
1,447

171
169
114
82

729
646
646
584

897
708

May
June
July
August..

1,900
1,636
1,900
2,214

300
236
223
480

716
643
744
1,056

1,173
996
1,104
1,168

4,524
4,209
4,177
3,714

67
63
34
62

1, 443
1,409
1,491
1,448

3,072

||

1,794

2,815

1 1,452
1

2,652

1 1,661
1

2,283

I

l,S00

216
117
188
341

639
710
S98

903

September.
October
November.
December..

2,295
2,802

631
785

1,156
1,382

1,104
1,373

3,607
4,816

102
101

1,336
1,609

2,659
3,465

897
1,489

1,746
2,443

804
981

988
804

1922.

350
534

881
821

1923.

1

2,276
3,129

888
SI 7

These figures represent the movement at between 60 and 70 markets; data procured from the U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics.




128

MEAT PRODUCTS.
Table 75.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

EXPORTS.
YEAR AND
MONTH.

Pork
products, t

Beef
products. 8

Beef
products.*

Relative to 1913.
1913 mo.
1914 mo.
1915 mo.
1916 mo.
1917 mo.

av..
av..
av .
av..
av..

1918 mo. av..
1919 mo. av..
1920 mo. av..
1921 mo. av..
1922 mo. av..

Lamb
and
mutton.'

Beef.

Pork.

Lamb
and
mutton.

Beef.

Pork.

Steer
Good
native rounds, Smoked
steers, No. 2, h a m s .
Chicago. Chicago.

Pork.

Relative to 1919.

Relative to 1913.

Relative to 1919

Beef (fresh).

R e l a t i v e to 1913.

100

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

100

1OO

1OO

94

89

96

96

98

105

102

101

138

313

106

108

84

100

95

92

147

236

47

67

40

116

116

82

82

153

107

99

111

132

239

78

70

53

137

89

64

96

115

167

124

152

94

66

154

117

70

104

129

171

169

192

1OO

1OO

1OO

131

120

84

1OO

100

180

171

207

156

143

70

99

183

121

111

67

93

149

178

163

201

169

112

43

85

324

109

116

78

82

155

126

111

161

151

106

27

70

41

121

129

67

90

178

116

111

160

172

117

51

105

298

102

116

71

79

140

127

120

164

155

46

108

189

114

128

75

88

167

124

118

170

209

97
132

40

110

104

101

110

67

77

157

115

122

193

213

136

35

101

80

118

94

85

91

152

124

122

195

212

136

28

119

87

86

89

110

166

94

25

71

125

99

93

93

166
188

123

121

85
61

70

127

96

143

110

74

26

45

82

114

118

77

83

133

87

135

130

69

33

44

89

99

133

66

74

175
168

127

83

129

67
91

35
33

51

77

72

85

172

119

90

133

112

97

161

67

119

59
64

141

31

123
118

74

131

47
34

111
98

144

60

89

135

112

101

184

101

29

74

34

106

105

56

80

145

112

110

186

121

141

76
83

25
27

133

63

170

116

188

125

149

70

94
94

112

146
112

27
24

124

146

May.
June
July
August

108

235

110

1932.
January
February*
March
April

473

152

September...
October
November...
December....

229
268

156
168

1931.
May
June
July.
August . .

178

112

123

21

44

119

118

89

168

114

130

188
181

39

127

109

65
71

95

173

120

125

159

81

131
141

101

72

98

196

120

114

141

113

72

102

196

120

107

140

163
156

September...
October
November...
December

101

20

94
91

20
22

61

40
41

97
107

28

47

41

134

146

67

93

107

128

79

40

50

43

124

183

67

88

201
257

120

190

120

106

124

92

48

68

54

125

188

81

94

209

119

103

122

84

48

82

71

107

156

66

83

175

114

105

122

220

111

42

92

68

117

177

75

89

208

112

111

124

200

September ..
October
Novcmbor...
December

102

200

. ..

146
153
152

239

1923.
January
February
March
April
May.
Juno
July
August

Pork
products.'

WHOLESALE PRICES.

APPARENT
CONSUMPTION
OF MEAT.*

PRODUCTIONINSPECTED
SLAUGHTERS

COLD-STORAGE
HOLDINGS. 2

89

38

102

79

119

153

72

91

171

112

111

12S

201

100

33

112

69

129

153

72

99

217

112

161

110

27

109

53

122

156

(14

92

208

119

90

211

117
190

134

67

98

223

122

141

134

115

71

95

207

1.35

132

J35

118

131
132

173

104

24

113

42

199

133

19

111

33

208

no

19

95

21

193

104

20

75

20

26

59

24

129

140

1

112
.'•• 1 2 5
* 141

127
127
130

I

I

See footnotes on opposite page also.
1
Exports reported by tho U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Com in tree; cold-storage holdings from the IT. S. Department of Agriculture,
Bureau of Agricultural Economics: production of 'beef and pork from animals slaughtered under Federal inspection reported by the V. S. Department of Agriculture,
Bureau of Animal Industry. Apparent consumption has been computed from the inspected slaughter plus imports less exports and the change in storage holdings. Wholesale2prices arc average for (lie month from XJ. S. Department of Labor, Bureau, of Labor Statistic*.
Cold-storage holdings are distinctly seasonal. iSo allowance for this has been made in calculating index numbers. Figures represent storage holdings on the first day
of each month.
3
Total dressed weight slaughtered under Federal inspection, including veal with beef. The slaughter under Federal inspection, according to census figures in 1919,
amounted to 68 per cent of the total number of animals slaughtered in tho United States in the case of hogs, 82 per cent in the case of beef and 91 per cent for lamb.




129

MEAT PRODUCTS.
Table 76.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.

EXPORTS.

Y E A R AND
MONTH.

Pork
products. 6

Beef
products.*

PRODUCTION—
INSPECTED
SLAUGHTERS

COLD-STORAGE
HOLDINGS. 2

Beef
products.?

Pork
products. 8

Lamb
and

muttons

Beef.

Pork.

APPARENT
CONSUMPTION
OF MEAT.<

Lamb
and

mutton.

Beef.

Pork.

Thousands of pounds.

* 42,609
32,105
32,502

1922 mo. av.

187,554
219,803
128,004
138,308
123,924

64,444
32,053
19,545
15,249
14,456

1921.
May
June
July
August

141,041
127,908
171,561
174,917

15,911
13,192

173,989
99,202
90,248

1915 mo. av.
1916 mo. av.
1917 mo. av.
1918 mo. av.
1919 mo. av.
1920 mo. av.
1921 mo. av.

Good
Steer
native rounds, Smoked
hams,
steers, No. 2, Chicago.
Chicago. Chicago.

482,846

52,389

$0,130

328,805
364,210
396,865
469,328

464,139
521,302
558,919
428,233

51,226
44,125
43,219
33,645

.136

15,362
27,222
3,454

527,898
451,389
415,434
372,858
417,199

566,370
580,989
538,286
561,614
620,797

36,641
43,890
35,255
41,134

34,858

609,290
638,684

258,167

168,108
104,457
65,900

856,059
912,053
904,425
771,441
634,537

18,499

122, !'-S
109,553
96.. 220
8-}, 091

983,380
1,003,562
922,059

25,129
15,877
8,714
6,751

351,405
391,699
347, 792
406,110

560,758
619,355
529,514
451,662

67,334
59,822
63,486
80,333

773,852
557,010
408,506
397,590

5,903
5,993
6,840
7,520

407,349
427,661
392,487
341,040

381,718

240,140

954,618

3,383
4,477
5,580

8,413

Perk.

Dollars per pound.

112,462
186,647

18,018

Beef (fresh).

343,402

13,625
12,163

82,058
76,826
113,205
120,932
108,209

1913 mo. av.
1914 mo. av.

WHOLESALE PRICES.

365,063
427,141

429,322
321,411

.129
.138
.167

$0,131
.133
.124
.130
.162

$0,166
.167
.153
.185
.252

.221
.224
.213
.145
.145

.318
.343
.334
.268
.265

465,686

360,829

447,129

279,897

413,968
402,488

416,303
433,965
497,219

.221
.233
.230
.163
.150

37,367
39,118
35,040
44,433

351,545
394,414
343,882
407, .509

390,985
471,333
439,480
424,972

.165
.160
.149
.160

.158
.155
.160
.160

.273
.282
.320
.325

422,022
480,622
567,622
642,093

45,290
48,486
40,149
34,558

398,359
414,455
370,210
330,245

464,925
525,838
489,336
469,521

.160
.164
.173
.164

.144
.125
.114
.108

.276
.237
.224
.215

37,515
30,754
33,656
29,299

379,993
329,038
395,747
356,787

482,083
393,499
376,978
405,764

.154
.145
.145
.145

.118

363,071

693,020
594,090
569,838
508,909

.144

.221
.267
.308
.309
.313
.313
.301
.264

365,273

September .
October
November..
December..

106,440

18,568
12,773
10,043
9,420

1922.
January
February
March
April

127,623
138,055
124,411
90,132

9,109
12,404
17,808
13,735

84,808
78,295
73,781
69,516

462,637
546,100
608,747
677, 253

6,444
3,914
2,863
2,878

May
June
July
August

99,440
119,855
133,426
127,667

19,145

64,507
56,852
50,706
47,030

690,296
759,454
861,638
826,535

2,071
2,310
3,720
3,308

427,393
429,692
407,330
437,813

644,495
720,687
568,898
525,889

33,226
36,427
34,033
37,430

418,682
419,197
400,152
425,163

475,985
498,674
470,575
485,361

.145

19,894
15,281
13,751

.155

.151
.161
.170
.164

September..
October
November..
December..

120,124
125,716
124, 574
156,067

13,832
13,165
14,568
10,780

48,291
53, 573
67, 814
95,628

739,425
558,434
431,921
452,005

3,376
3,473
3,458
3,633

448,765
483. 293
458, 501
424,178

488,252
547,624
706,118
881,748

37,917
37,777
35,156
35,102

440,185
455,986
416,119
392,804

549,195
548,421
561,360
718,736

.155
.155
.155
.155

.149
.140
.140
.139

.235
.232
.213
.206

January
February
March..
April

196,139
163,745
185,197
164, 288

12,537
11,415
15,144
12,149

116,255
114,113
100,591
90, 502

619,317
745,190
842,781
931, 417

4,523
5,980
5,758
6,635

429,162
366,801
401,037
408, 228

907,645
752,492
856,386
737,545

42,574
34,831
39,410
37, 726

418,767
368,908
395,982

585,633
491,156
582,553
479,352

.154
.148
.145
.145

.135
.138
.145
.145

.202
.203
.206
.212

May
June
July
August

165, 272

13,647
14,941
14,229
18,179

78,535
65,023
57,220
45, 893

1,025,322
993,301
1,032,401
1,009,738

5,774

739, 251
751,609
705,586
644,603

37,482
33,676
35,163
35,193

442,334
411,126
404,082
438,662

608,134
582,431
591,878
623,646

.145
.151
.158
.158

.146

2,752

442,368
418,281
407,182
457,621

.211
.211
.217
.223

September..
October
November..
December..

170,657

14,997
14,205

46,041

870,122
685,214
542,544

1,785

443,836

555,094

37,099

426,989

579,345

e

336,393
408,248

.145
.148

.128
.132

1923.

131, 708
141,665
162,965

158,196

47, 891
63,578

4,445
3,556

1,721
1,997

See footnotes on opposite page also.
* Includes meat produced under Federal inspection only.
6 Includes bacon, ham, shoulders, lard, neutral lard, and canned, fresh, and pickled pork.
6
Includes fresh, canned, pickled, and cured beef, and oleo oil and tallow.
^ Includes beef, frozen, cured, and in process of cure.
«Includes pork, frozen, dry salt, and pickled, both cured and in process of cure, and lard.
• Frozen lamb and mutton.

68690°—23




9

.163
.185
.184

.175

.173

.223

.175

.155

.219

130

MILK.
Table 77.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type: numerical data on opposite page.]
CONDENSED AND
EVAPORATED MILK
(case goods.)

FLUID MILK*

ICE
CREAM.

MILK DELIVERIES TO MILK PLANTS.

For manufacture of—

Receipts.

YEAH AND MONTH.

Production,
Minne- ProducBoston
tion.
Greater (includ- Phila- apolis,
New
St. 4
ing
York. cream). delphia. Paul.

Relative Relative Relative
to 1913. t o 1919. t o 1913.

ExProducports. Stocks.? tion.

Fluid

milk.

Relative
to 1919. |

Relative
to 1920.

Relative to 19W

Total.

Soft,
Milk
cheese, chocoCheese
ice
late,
cream, whole Butter. (Americoncan).
milk
densed powder,
milk,
etc.
etc.
Relative

to 1922.

i
100

1914 mo. av
1915 mo. av
1916 mo. av
1917 mo. av
1918 mo. av
1919 mo. av
1920 mo. av
1921 mo. av
1922 mo. av
1921.
September
October . . . .
November
December
1022.
January
February
March
April
Mav
June
July.
August.. „
September
October
November
Decc mber .

1OO
100

3

10<>
108

103

9

110

1

2

101

26

110

90

108

118

93

111

80

77

65

94

125

1OO

124

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

50

136

106

131

109

76

48

108

139

170

71

34

1OO
79

111

143
149

115

148

1S5

69

22

66

118

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

151

108

142

137

73

54

78

142

106

156

76

45

105

111

144

106

143

140

74

45

79

69

65

85

43

43

S3

69

124

100

131

136

58

26

77

49

77

109

r>5

50

SI

43

134

ia3

133

171

55

31

84

42

90

124

67

(53

101

45

i

110

:
100

100

1
137

113

129

192

59

20

84

45

96

133

70

61

1*

50

128

104

130

182

54

28

73

53

90

116

75

65

112

40

!

148

103

145

207

60

35

69

70

117

130

100

85

179

90

144

110

143

192

75

34

62

97

110

85

125

114

12S

154

166

125

173
157

132
135

179
20S

125

165

75

22
22
12

65
77

161

224
189

99
100

168

129

163
167

226

165

131

154

118

158

155

67

16

149

112

147

140

58

153

118

149

160

143

108

140

144'

109

140
135

97

169

97

83

216
222

117

99

150
130

200

99

85

105

118

91
SI

1()3

72

15

70

150

89

91

S3

85

%

65

23

55

87

86

90
97

76

89

160

50

17

39

61

53

14

31

48

51
58

27

189

85
83

59

138

61
62

64

;u

123

04
3
5

1923.
January
February

145

110

141

225

63

14

30

49

66

78

54

94

39

8

134

100

126

216

62

IS

35

46

71

85

60

89

50

17

115

148

254

73

28

37

71

91

94

77

no

April .

154

113

158

254

96

26

«

103

93

89

76

144

8t

49

170

131

158

287

109

23

50

163

92

88

S4

154

184
238

137

188

293

122

16

241

99

93

S">

157

127

163

201

(6)

15

(6)

(6)

103

95

8S

1(14

SS

58

160

120

218

(8)

16

(6)

(6)

78

81

64

114

47

42

161

114

225

(•)

20

(6)

(6)

..

May
June
July
August .
September
October
November
December

161

25

31

33
5S

1

!
i

See footnotes on opposite page also.
1
Nfilk receipts at Greater New York from the Milk Reporter; receipts at Boston from Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities; receipts at Fhiladelpliia from the
Philadelphia Milk Exchange, except monthly figures or 1922 from Philadelphia IiUer-State Dairy Council; milk production in Minneapolis-Si;. Paul district from Twin City
Milk Producers Association; exports of condensed milk from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce; production and stocks of condensed
milk and production of ice cream from U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics: milk delivered to milk plants from the Dairymen's League Cooperative Association, estimated to represent from 60 to 75 per cent of the milk handled in the association's territory, covering all New York State and parts of Pennsylvania,
New Jersey, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Vermont.




131
MILK.
Table 78.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

CONDENSED AND
EVAPORATED MILK
(case goods).

FLUID MILK.

ICE
CREAM.

MILK DELIVERIES TO MILK PLANTS.
For manufacture ol

Receipts*

YEAR AND MOUTH.

ProBosducGreat- ton
tion,
(in- Phila- Minneer
delNew clud- phia.* apolisYork.2
ing 3
St.
cream).
Paul.5
Thoussands of
cans, 40
quarts
earh.

Thousands of
quarts.

Production.

1,496

14,452
14,869

Thousands of pounds

18,307

15 571

Cheese
(American).

6,307

15,949

Soft
Milk
cheese, chocoice
late,
cream, whole Butter.
conmilk
densed powder,
milk,
etc.
etc.

1,904

J 590

Fluid
milk.

1,377

14,478

Total.

Thousands of
gallons.

rhousands of pounds.

1 513

1913 monthly average...

Production.

7
Exports. Stocks.

35,705

1 652

11 727

1918 monthly average...

1,763

12,193

16,113

5,715 i

110,639

45,928

10,470

1919 monthly average...

1,873

13,059

17,984

7,145

143,956

71,072

11,098

1920 monthly average...

2,036

13,865

18,914

7,786

109,427

34,252

224,689

1921 monthly average...

2,144

14,116

20,107

12,141

102,751

21 HO

177,099

12,193

1922 monthly average...

2, 233

14,953

21,354

13,224

98,678

15,625

147,197

13,108

302,887

113,161

2,262

14,046

20,452

9,767

105,292

38,061

174,254

15,725

320,441

2,155

13,786

20,625

9,996

106,134

32,232

177,672

7.646

196,734

November

1,853

13,115

18,876

9,739

84,072

18,126

172,410

5,432

December

2,012

13,484

19, 183

12.226

78,813

22,238

188,709

12,358
74,127

58,787

34,242

22,526

176,592

56,510

26,256

35,994

25,089

95,640

31,900

25,066

28,586

15,542

234,332

123,120

41,060

32,938

27,604

9,610

4,660

272,196

140,880

49,425

37,170

34,564

10,157

11,285

1921.
September
October

..

'?, 050

February
March
April

14,743

18,701

13,698

84,602

18,352

189,355

4,946

290,644

150,617

51,959

35,703

41,080

1.908

13,523

13,031

79,599

19,951

176,332

5,889

273,865

131,235

55,871

38,041

38,350

10,368

2,209

13,438

18,808
20,893

14,812

95,372

25,006

155, 650

7,784

353,014

147,449

74,033

49,942

61,369

20,221

2,156

I January

14,428

20,617

13,687

108,556

24,234

139,418

10,814

333,838

95,983

92,983

66,986

43,749

34,633

t ...
May..

2,479

16, 287

23,516

16,114

142,227

15,711

145,667 i

18,654

422,697

110,260

125,364

101,505

45,134

40,434

June

2,475

16,889

24,189

16,019

144,106

15,706

173,827

23,964

407, 426

110,301

111,458

92,566

16,323

46,778

July

2,412

16,377

23,905

13,509

107,870

8,823

187,367

24,604

353,526

112,272

96,184

31,211

36,076

August

2,302

15,402

22, 784

11,012

96,475

11,247

161,846

22,228 ;

299,451

96,623

77,991

77,183
69,397

27,746

27,693

2, 233
2,285

14,589
14,522

21,244

S3,917

10, 549

67, 101

49,044

29,045

21,632

16,066

9,626

268, 880
259,520

102,057

93,462

158,371
122,715

16,649

21,510

10,396
11,430

110,223

56,174

52, 467

26, 288

2,123
2,154

14,097

20, 173

11,439

71,924

12,004

6,783 !

183,798

96,378

37, 588

34,912

19,990

13,510 !

76,029

9, 850

5,358

187,381

94,235

42,823

37,693

9,108
11,506

14,368
5,101

14, 243

86, 788
69,041

2,170

14,357

20,434

16,077

91,245

10,239

67,145

55,355

15,421

88. 548

79,493 !

215,522

44,845

52,407

21,419

18,118
18,154

105,609

12,719
20,034

88,838
97,351

40,341

18,200

5,405
5,154

199,739

2,002

83,814

7, 894

275,167

106,893

57,356

76,592

138,126

18,176

99,934

11.430

281,21S

100,660

56,107

18,131

277,197

94,167

26,738

300,302

105,34 L

311,749
236,599

September.
October
November
December

:

1,124

19»3.
i January
February
March..

2,295

13,081
15,080

April

2. 297

14,714

22,856

May

2, 550

17,051

22,814

20,526

157,493

16,143

126,530

i June

2,747

17,906

27.169

20,963

175.868

11,189

169,100

23,569

;

10,569

July

3.562

16,603

I August

2,479

15,653

18,630
17,742

(6)

11,261

2,411

14,928

16,067

o

14,444
17,539

(6)

(6)
<•>

13,308
17,187

1,896
3,732

84,426

26, 735
28,912

7,591
11,114

61,907

90,308

23,411

7,404

63,258

92,309

26,354

13,041

107,153

64,955

96,524

30,052

13,064

92,156

47,534

67.302

16,086

9,521

|
1

See footnotes on opposite page also.
» Receipts of milk, py-lading cream, in ihe metropolitan area around New York City, including many large cities in New Jersey.
8
Receipts of milk by rail, including cream.
* Receipts of milk, including cream and condensed milk, by trolley, railroad, and auto truck.
* Production of whole milk by members of the Twin City Milk Association, including most of the area within a 40-mile radius of Minneapolis and St. Paul.
« Production compiled by months but issued quarterly; figures not available at time of going to press.
)p
^ Include bulk goods also and are given as of the first day of the month.




135

SUGAR.
Table 82.—NUMEKICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

RAW SUGAR.

WHOLESALE
PRICE.

Receipts,
LouislStocks,
Imports. cropat Meltings.* at refineries.2
New
Orleans.

Y E A R AND M O N T H .

EXPORTS.
Refined,
including
maple.

Raw, Granu96°
lated,
centrifin
ugal,
bbls.,
N. Y.
N.Y.

1917 monthly
1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly
1922 monthly

175,664
201,437
196,569
205,716

average
average
average
average
average
average

183,802
192,219
261,149
298,685
229,268
361,789

3,953
1,926
14,524
35,838
58,812

16,184
10,109
8,501
14,050
9,545
7,286
8,1.54
4,704
8,812
9,236

257,174

335,333
338,430
299,891
423,659

Receipts,
Cuban
ports.

Per pound.

Long tons.
1909-1913 monthly average.
1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average
1915 monthly average
1916 monthly average

CUBAN MOVEMENT.

81,311
95,428
105,357
150,022
195,854

$0,035
.038
.047
.058
.063
.064
.075
.130
.048
.047

.077
.078
.089
.126
.062
.059

60,197
61,040
67,096
59,400

.049
.047
.044
.047

35,617
17,261
16,908
31,817

.043
.042
.041
.037

63,766
60,390
108,468
122,516

.036
. 038
. 039
.040
.041
.046
.052
.052

. 053
. 059
. (KiO
.067

Long tons.

$0,043
.047
.056
.069

37,602
15,152
54,891
34,371
34,739
68,341

Stocks,
end of
month.

Exports.

330,192

325,273

288,005

290,391

4"gfi, 806

314,662

309,747

1,130,682

329,161.

335,519

499,290

.063

474,426

244,109

1,383,036

.057

174,348

133,535

1,431,143

. 055

95,777

149,774

1,372,605

.058

130,619

283,340

1,225,285

.056

63,030

m, 745

1,183,488

.052

35,7*0

120,3S6

1,103,449

.052

103,718

245,069

967,515

.050

156,660

233,S38

913,486

. 048

199,102

121,775

115,736

.049

507, :;.61

198,821

414,512

.052

861,174

512,251

7U9,619

.052

720,509

512, -ISO

997,291

555,852

565,350

1,0-13, 120

342,736

5-10, 35-1

84-1,->22

294,169

526,819

050, • 0-1

183,441

319,979

•100,987

. 063

90,378

2J3.728

.066

61,713

191,770

341,: "29
22S, 902

644,484

1921.
339,850

263,539

298,372

251,827

309,800

159,416

254,931

671
1,035
4,400
4,029

414,545

133,421

141,103
161,695
206,865
176,462

2,063
8,125
37,394
39,675

262,817

137,390

277,910

71,664

268,283

82,253

254,135

62,419

314,939

8,039
2,895
909
1,206

291,601

85,602

415, 723

163,817

1,187
2, 066
2,609
3,939

May....
June
July....
August.

3S1,651

September
Oetober
November
December

16G,017
123,782

j

January..
February.
March
April

448,321
571,836
473,137
446,678

May....
June
July....
August.

460,480
451,011
425,960
3 174,232

September..
October
November.
December..

193,092
21*9,966
141,821

1,842
2, 400
37,912
45,824

535,357

273,811

531,962

316,973

577,330

271,890

53?,052

277,150

530,334

309,413

540,024

262,959

146,454
164,184
88,8S7
40,100

312,909

180,577

12,870

2S0,003

9), 043

f>. 896

309,274

69,1S5

3, 893

.048
. 054
. 056

.068

46,013

49,195

227,333

44,828

2,671

. 057

.069

87,489

45, :>19

1933.
33,899
1,506

251,140

80,617

4,718

. 053

.067

501,271

245, 907

342, 715

124,164

29, 138

. 0G2

.073

681,939

474,764

460, 009

578,101

728

510, 653

284, y«X)

31,632

.073

.086

861,736

6-17,008

653,C92

4hO,421

327,081

39, 324

.078

.092

563,325

461,321

756,155

663

474,169

315, 680

43, 679

.079

.094

325,987

399, 020

669, 543

310,712

585

396, 265

293,023

31,669

.074

.092

180,755

272,957

590.209

214,462

1,070

259,651

228. 840

3,181

.069

.085

90,OSS

151,726

202,336

1,368

316, 729

209, 798

2,624

.061

.076

64,878

148,237

62,810
68,671

2C9,473

January..
February.
March
April

240,034

May....
June
July....
August.

367, 891

September.
October
November..
December..

391, 741

199,870

1,998

268,365

192,375

4,293

.070

.082

278,575

22,680

384,200

121,656

2,772

.076

.090

270,288

244,986

2S5,549
!

86,266

Department of Commerce, Bureau
» Figures include reports iroin seven ports: Boston. New York, FmJadeJphia, Savannah, New Orleans, Galveston, and San Francisco until 1921, when Baltimore
was added upon completion of refinery in that city. Prior to that year it is stated that little sugar moved through Baltimore. Meltings are calculated from weekly
reports, the odd days being prorated. Stocks represent the amount of raw sugar in the hands of refiners on the dates nearest the end of the month as reported for each port.
»Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was In effect.




133

POULTRY, EGGS, AND FISH.
Table 80.—(A) INDEX KUKBEBS AHD (B) NUMERICAL DATA,
From Government sources*1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
POULTRY.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Receipts
at 5
markets.^

EGGS.

CoMstorage
Holdings.*

FISH.

ReColdTotal
ceipts storage catch,
at 5 holdings principal
mar(case
fishing
kets.: eggs).3 ports.
Relative
to 1916-20.

Relative to 1919.

Total
ColdColdColdcatch,
Coldstorage
storage Receipts storage Receipts holdings principal storage
at 5
at 5
hold- markets.- hold- markets.2 (case
4
fishing holdings
ings.
ings.3
ports.

Relative to 1919.

Thousands of
pounds.

A.-INJDEX NUMBERS.

Thousands of
pounds.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

3,689
* 13,518
6 78
6 82

5 14,300

85
121

1917 monthly average.,

93

61

1918 monthly average.,

100

1920 monthly average..

100
97

1921 monthly average..

108

72

1922 monthly average..

119

1919 monthly average..

Thousands of cases.6

100

1916-1920 monthly average.
1913 monthly average
,
1914 monthly average
,
1915 monthly average
1916 monthly average

FISH.

EGGS.

POULTRY.

100

111

103

112

114

138

91

70

3,118

92
107
100
90
78
94

101
100
73
72
57

40,352

16,936

4,472

15,999

3,413

18,549

62,501

19,804
19,148
21,481
23,554

66,565

1,188

4,089

17,358

61,764

46,853

1,027

3,355

48,224

1,229

4,132

54, 520

1,357

5,102

15,675
13,608
16,260

45,296
44,355
35,333

10, 719
11,874
10,392
15,128

47,651

2,101
1,539
1,129
1,100

4,909
6,844
7,534
7,605

11,920
17,505
14,983
17,267

26,346
32,311
40,160
47,431

919
732
399
538

7,210
6,269
4,380
2,403

14,870
16,667
10,235
9,065

54,469
58,899
61,228
59,126

179
13
950

13,539
21,472
18,623
13,160

48,320
37,621
25,475
17,485

15,168
15,757
18,738
20,167

17,076
20,821
25,620
32,226

17,671
17,602
13,715
9,505

41,141
51,757
54, 503
48,689

40,032
27,070
16,724
10,590

1921.
May....
June
July....
August.

54

177

133

53

130

186

52

41

95

204

65

76

September..
October
November..
December..

72

60

32

93

206

77

43

101

52

195

62

170

241

52

34

314

98

45

115

156

68

24

78

78

76

155

86

5

124

61

67

133

164

107

41

57

103

245

26

76

28

76

218

126

87

28

57

162

218

91

34

84

52

131

266

108

41

79

September.
October
November..
December..

77

38

82

May....
June
July....
August.

30

73

1922.
January..
February.,
March
,
April

93
109

46

87

275

116

52

87

42

69

260

102

67

109

39

59

215

101

155

79

228

45

41

371

78

221

150

72

February.

119

183

86

95

119

59

99

65

52

96

41

January..

96

55

79

36

45

65

6

67

44

(7)
12

87

18,400
21,525
47,674
62,124

35,408
27,268
21,188
20,064
25,602
34,876
65,167

22,865
15,010
13,189
11,196

103,697

68,470

805
1,026
1,947
2,911

14,552
16,207
16,709
15,571

50,840
38,002
34,837
30,659

2,587
1,929
1,561
1,028

17,229
21,489
45,171
73,458

27,671
25,985
30,240
51,781

815
702
491
486

43,735
23,619
17,154
12, 446

100,170
121,632
113,503
94,872

853
1.025
2,124
2,237

1,311

453

7,885
11,647
15,518
15,120

13,392
16,562
16, 696
18,068

74, 562
57, 274
49,100
41,250

2,884
2,072
1,338
1,205

3,737

15,392

7,890

16,931

18,848
27,412

34,131
33,106
37,008

991
831

103,350
88, 710

4,648
8,056
9,811
10,161
9,608
7,924
5,726
3,257

1923.

March

171

179

143

87

April

188

27
17

May....

68

112

243

101

20

June

84

86

174

214

29

July....

84

74

113

277

121

August.

91

62

101

285

120

September..

%

51

S3

268

117

October....

138

50

70

236

115

November..

56

180

44

102

213
13

10,222

20.991

10,509

20,834

12,312
17,779
27,237
39,101

9, 883
8,718
6,650

20,259
19,954

53,220
62,744

December..
1
Data compiled by If. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics, except fish catch representing landings of fresh fish from vessels at Boston and
Gloucester, Mass., Portland, Me., and Seattle, Wash., compiled by U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Fisheries.
•Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Chicago, and San Francisco. Total of weekly figures with first and last weeks of month prorated.
3
Holdings on 1st of month.
• One case of eggs equals 30 dozen, or about 45 pounds net.
4
7
As of 15th of the month.
Index number less than 1.
6 Excluding Portland and Seattle.




134

SUGAR.
Table 81.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
EXPORTS.

RAW SUGAR.

PRICES.
Wholesale.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Receipts,
LouisiImports. ana crop
at New
Orleans.

Relative to 1913.
1909-1913 monthly average.
1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average
1915 monthly average
1916 monthly average

Meltings.2

Stocks,
at refineries.2

Relative to 1919.

Refined,
including
maple.

Raw,
96°
centrifugal,
N.Y.

Relative
to 19091913.
1OO
65
492
1,214
1,992

100
115
112
117

100
62
53
87

105
109
149
170
131
206

59
45
50
29
54
57

79
1OO
104
92
130

85
1OO
110
157
205

1,274
513
1,859
1,164
1,176
2,314

May....
June
July....
August.

166
95
70
145

4
6
27
25

104
92
95
127

276
264
167
140

September.
October—
November.
December..

80
92
118
100

13
50
231
245

81
85
82
78

January...
February.
March
April

179
255
326

50
18
6
7

May....
June
July....
August.

254
264
257
242

September.
October
November.
December..

CUBAN MOVEMENT.
Retail.

Granulated,
Index,
in fobls., 51 cities.
N.Y.

Receipts,
Cuban
ports.

Relative to 1913.

100

100
10
1

Stocks,
end of
month.

Relative to 1919.

100

130
161

108
120
146

179
183
215
372
137
133

181
182
209
297
144
139

169
176
205
353
146
133

1OO
87
95
100

1OO
89
95
103

100
77
175
77

2,039
2,067
2,272
2,012

140
120
127
134

148
133
128
137

153
142
129
136

144
53
29
40

75
41
46
87

215
122
213
190

144
75
86
65

1,206
585
573
1,077

123
119
117
106

131
122
121
117

133
125
122
118

19
11
31
47

30
37
76
72

184
171
150
142

90
128
165
164

90
172
287
332

2,159
2,045
3,673
4,149

104
107
112
114

112
115
121
122

113
116
118
122

60
154
261
218

37
61
157
158

18
64
124
155

7
13
16
24

178
164
163
166

285
290
324
276

4,959
5,560
3,010
1,358

116
131
147
148

123
137
154
158

120
129
138
147

168
104
89
56

174
166
162
108

162
131
101
72

3 99
110
137
81

11
15
234
283

96
86
95
70

189
99
72
47

436
200
132
90

138
155
160
163

146
154
160
162

144
144
147
151

27
19
14
26

66
59
59
31

53
36

January...
February.
March
April

137
140
329
223

209
9
4
6

77
105
157
150

84
130
298
343

160
997
1,071
1,332

151
176
208
223

158
171
201*
215

151
158
185
193

152
207
261
171

95
146
199
142

43
71
101
117

May
June
July
August.

209
177
122
115

4

146
122
80
97

331
307
240
220

1,479
1,072
108

227
213
198
173

220
215
199
178

204
202
191
175

99
55
27
20

123
84
48
46

104
92
81
67

September..
October
November..
December..

114
159

83
118

202
92

145
94

199
217

193
210

175
193

19
21

64
75

44
13

1917 monthly
1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly
1922 monthly

average.
average.
average.
average.
average.
average.,

100
133
165

Exports.

1921.

1922.

1923.




4
7

12
140

See footnotes on opposite page.

135

SUGAR.
Table 82.—NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

RAW SUGAR.

WHOLESALE
PRICE.

Receipts,
LouisiStocks,
ana
Imports. crop at Meltings.- a t refineries.8
New
Orleans*

YEAR AND MONTH.

EXPORTS.
Refined,
including
maple.

Raw,
Granu96°
lated,
centrifin
ugal,
bbls.,
N. Y.
N. Y.

2,953
1,926
14,524
35,838
58,812

1909-1913 monthly average..

175,664

1914 monthly average

201,437
196,569
205,716

16,184
10,109
8,501
14,050

183,802
192,219
261,149
298,685
229,266
361,789

9,545
7,286
8,154
4,704
8,812
9,236

381,651

1915 monthly average
1916 monthly average
1917 monthly average..
191S monthly average..
1919 monthly average..
1920 monthly average..
1921 monthly average,.
1922 m o n t h l y average.

Receipts,
Cuban
ports.

Per pound.

Long tons.

1913 monthly average

CUBAN MOVEMENT.

$0,035

Stocks,
end of
month.

Long tons.

$0,043

.038

Exports.

.047

.047

.056

.058

.069

37,602
15,152
54,891
34,371
34,739
68,341

.063

.077

.064

.078

.075

.089

330,192

325,273

.130

.126

290,391

49<», 806

.048

.062

309,747

1.130,682

.047

.059

288,005
314,662
329,101

335,519

499,290

474,426
174,348
95,777
130,619

244,109

1,3*3,036

133,535

1,431,143

149,774

1,372,605

283,340

1,225,285

63,030
35,780
103,718
156,660

98, 745
120, 386
245, G69
233, S38

1, 183, 488
1, 103, -149
957, 515
913, 486

199,102
507,361
801,174
720,509

121,775

115,786 I

198,S21

414,512

512,251

7D9,(il9 !

512,<? 30

997,291 i

555,852
342,736
294,169
183,441

505,350

1,013,420 j

510,354

844,022 I

520,819

050, !f>4 I

349, 979

460,087 i

90,378
61,713
46,013
87, 489

213.728

341,329

191,7 70

228, (>02

30 V 31
474,704

276, 288

647,008

H53,C92

257,174

81,311

325,233

95,428

338,430
299,891
423,659

105,357
150,022
195,854

671
1,035
4,400
4,029

339,850
298,372
309,800
414,545

263,539
251,827
159,416
133,421

60,197

.049

.063

61,040

.047

.057

67,096

.044

. 055

59,400

.047

.058

2,063
8,125
37,394
39,675

262,817
277,910
268,283
254,135

137,390
71,664
82,253
62,419

35,617

.043

.056

17,261

.042

.052

16,908

.041

.052

31,817

.037

.050

8,039

291,601

.036

.048

415,723

60,390

.038

.049

9.09

535,357

108,468

.039

.052

1,206

531,962

85,602
163,817
273,811
316,973

63,766

2,895

122,516

. 040

.052

1,187

577,330
532,052
530,334
540,024

271,890
277,150
309,413
262,959

146,454

.041

.053

104,184
88,8S7
40,100

.046

.059

.052

.006

.052

.067

312,909

180,577
91,043
69,185
44, 828

12,870
5. 896
3, 893
2,071

.048

.063

. 054

.066

. 050

.068

.057

.069

644,484

1921.
May....
June
July....
August.

16G, 017
123,782
254,931

September

141,103

Oetober
November
December

161,695
206,865
176,462

I
I
1922.

January
February
March.
April..

314,939
448; 321
571,836
473,137

May....
June
July....
August.

446,678
460,480
451,011
425,960

2,066
2,609
3,939

3 174,232
193,092
2:®, 966
141,821

1,842
2,400
37,912
45,824

January..
February.
March
April

240,034
245, 907
578,101
391, 741

33,899

251,140

1,506

342,715

728

510.653

May....
June
July....
August.

367, 891
310,712
214,462
202,336

663

474,169

585

396,265

1,076

259.654

1,368

316,729

September.
October
November..
December..

199,870
278,575

1,998

268,365

22,680

384,200

September..
October
November.
December..

280,003
309,274
227,333

j

i

1923.

480,421

80,617
124,164
284, 800
327,081
315,680
293,023
228, 840
209,798
192,375
121,656

4,718

.053

.067

29, 138

. 0G2

.073

31,632

.073

.086

39, 324

.078

.092

501,271
681,939
861,736
563,325

461,321

756,155

43,679

.079

.094

325, P87

399, 020

669,543

31,669

.074

.092

180,755

272,957

590, 209

3,181

.069

.085

90,088

154, 726

523, C.87

2,624

.061

.076

64,878

148,237

429, 588

4,293
2,772

.070

.082

62, 810

209,473

285,549

68,671

244,986

86,266

.076

460,009

• Imports and exports from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau
of Foreign and Do\
vxeau of Labor Statistics.
• i^uica uiuuuc icpuiM> uuui ocvcii pu»uo. xtyaivu, iien xum, x uuan**jjxun, oavauuiui, r>*evv wneans, Galveston, and San Francisco until 1921, when Baltimore
was added upon completion of refinery in that city. Prior to that year it is stated that little sugar moved through Baltimore. Meltings are calculated from weekly
reports, the odd days being prorated. Stocks represent the amount of raw sugar in the hands of refiners on the dates nearest the end of the month as reported for each port.
*Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect.




136
TOBACCO.
Table 83.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
UNMANUFACTURED.

MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS,
Wholesale price,

Stocks.*
ProducSales,
tion
loose leaf Exports, Chewing,
(crop
smoking,
wareleaf.
estisnuff,
mate).6 houses.
and
export
types.

Y E A R AND MONTH.

Relative
to
1909-1913.
1909-1913 monthly average

Relative
to
1919.

100

1915 m o n t h l y average

107

1916 m o n t h l y average

116

126

1917 monthly average

125

1918 m o n t h l y average

144

1919 m o n t h l y average

147

1920 m o n t h l y average

159

67
107
203
124
137
114

110
120
126
124
148
142

1914 m o n t h l y average

104

6 100

1921 m o n t h l y average

107

90

1922 m o n t h l y average

133

51

Burley,
Manuood leaf, factured
ark red, tobacco
Louisand
ville.
snuff.3

Large
cigars^

Exports.

Small
cigarettes.<

Cigarettes.

Relative to 1913.

103
113
105

96

Total,
includin
importei
types,

Relative
to
1909-1913.
100
117
92
114

1913 m o n t h l y average

Cigar
types.

Consumption
(tax-paid withdrawals).

100

100
93
98
85
75
77

92
102

1OO
101
109

87
112
114
131
130

1OO
111
104
115

100

100

100

99
100
105

95
87
93

108
115
163

100
104
90
184

169
277
245
259
222

109
112
96
90
87

100
93
93
105

227
300
341
287
327
344

303
524
699
683
368
495

1921.
128

85

319

220

151

208

93

326

134

15

169

208

87

321

65

64

September.
October
November.
December..

218

4

May
June
July
August

168

208

100

396

342
407

95

59
76

138

102

139

97

135

105

100

152

99

94

97

370

101

101

377

306

93

208

83

97

327

432

124

107

208
208
208

73

231

424

140

91

125

1922.
103

208

92

70

91

82

208

88

71

241

24

105

208

103

84

280

519

6

130

208

85

79

268

481

2

127

208

97

90

355

567

1

95

208

103

409

610

142

2

103

62

92

208

405
492

362

143
136

64

105

208

100

136

102

186

208

97

134

71

127

208

91

118

208

71

January
February..
March
April
May
June
July
August
September.
October
November.
December..

133

145

161

138

123

85

127

109

112

131

103

405

208
102

413

545

428

594

110

347

561

108

349

443

273

439

1923.
January—
February..
March
April

70

85

28

101

5

129

132

94

121

208

100

413

470

208

88

357

394

208

99

91

389

485

208

92

84

363

550

92

208

98

91

429

582

165

May..
June
July
August
September.
October
November.
December..

133

43

211

97

94

450

530

212

91

93

450

677

149

143

164

148

119

115

150

138

148

46

109

212

98

98

452

480

156

86

123

212

92

95

429

632

147

100

149

113

484

529

134

106

127

212

144

T

See footnotes on opposite page also.
1 Stocks held by manufacturers and dealers reported by the V. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; Production of manufactured tobacco and snuff, cigars,
f Labor

whTchTstates grow about 75 per cent of the totalitobacco crop.
*
2 Held by manufacturers and dealers on first day of each quarter. Yearly figures are quarterly averages.




""

'

'

Statistics,

'

137
TOBACCO.
Table 84.—NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
UNMANUFACTURED.

MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS.
Wholesale
price.

Stocks.2

YEAR AND MONTH.

Sales,
Production loose leaf Exports,
crop
Chewing,
wareleaf.
estimate).' houses.
smoking,
snuff, and
export
types.

Cigar
types.

Burley, ManuTotal,
good
factured Large
including
leaf,
imported dark red, tobacco cigars.4
and
Louistypes.
snuff.8
ville.

996,176
953,734
1,034,679
1,062,237
1,153,278

31,417
36,754
28,827
35,877
39,784

1917 monthly
1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly
1922 monthly

1,249,276
1,439,071
1,465,481
1,582,225
1,069,693
1,324,840

6 82,149
65,280
74,254
41,601

21,186
33,656
63,826
38,946
42,946
35,907

932,157
889,266

7,753
3,367
12,248
52,939

40,220
47,328
53,156
52,815

948,324
991,564
1,020,874
1,069,693

48,421
62,764
113,873
80,352

33,009
43,465
29,236
38,772

January—
February..
March
April

80,076
74,772
19,645
4,582

32,265
25,635
32,967
40,704

May
June
July
August

1,414,641
1,424,622

1,338
1,196
1,953
50,655

39,844
29,991
32,319
28,958

September.
October
November.
December..

1,352,637
1,355,456
1,330,275
1,324,840

52,413
83,778
58,241
70,560

33,102
58,353
39, 787
36,955

January
February..
March
April

57,463
34,998
22,626
4,309

41,652
26,740
31,041
40,590

May
June
July
August

868
349
247
37,453

28,946
51,762
46, 866
34,154

70,991
82,512

38,487
46,927

average.
average.
average.
average.
average.
average.

810,469 369,802 1,234,013
1,244,524
835,462
344,971
915,451
361,114
1,343,396
853,156
313,142
1,225,555
889,484
970,465
1,018,253
1,001,387
1,199,209
1,147,767

Exports.

Small
cigarettes.4 Cigarettes.

Dollars
per 100
pounds.

Thousands of pounds.

1909-1913 monthly average.
1913 monthly average
1914 monthly average
1915 monthly average
1916 monthly average

Consumption
(tax-paid withdrawals).

277,846
283,495
296,095
323,643
340,656
377,769

1,217,963
1,073,084
1,381,713
1,408,311
1,621,288
1,605,059

Thousands of
pounds.

$13.20
14.65
13.79
15.23

36,990 630,959 1,296,308
597,849
1,404,636
36,745
549,932
1,497,029
36,863
586,844
2.107,525
38,847

193,234
200,602
173,015
354,889

Thousands.

22.30
36.57
32.35
34.18
29.28
27.50

40,248
41,423
35,339
33,324
32,208
35,019

629,991
587,796
589,363
661,418
563,218
574,300

2,944,272
3,888,075
4,426,649
3.718,526
4,238,423
4,463,752

584,977
1,012,128
1,350,981
1,319,489
711,973
956,334

28.75
27.50
27.50
27.50

31,351
34,539
32,018
36,873

555,479
618,495
564,599
622,039

4,136,085
4,219,727
4,161,218
5,136,577

425,908
259,558
125,710
660,333

27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50

34,803
37,414
30, 772
25,035

614,428
635,808
615,171
463,624

4,797,398
4,881,826
4,235,407
2,999,935

787,162
590,472
834,670
818,752

27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50

34,215
32,456
38,120
31,376

443,261
447,226
529,162
501,394

3,705,516
3,125,819
3,636,032
3,453,061

781,738
797,423
1,002,398
928,955

27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50

35,846
38,233
35,449
41,476

569,209
615,253
585,874
641,164

4,601,373
5,301,643
5,246,812
6,373,890

1,094,728
1,179,420
700,044
1,052,855

27.50
27.50
27.50
27.50

37,108
35,755
33,838
26,361

625,772
693,941
679,300
561,042

5,554,301
4,497,685
4,524,272
3,544,624

1,148,533
1,084,477
856,247
849,188

27. 50
27.50
27.50
27.50

37,090
32,611
36,451
34,055

559,183
507,266
574,515
532,534

5,349,771
4,623,431
5,043,327
4,710,545

907,729
761,695
937,498
1,063, 237

27.50
27.80
28.00
28.00

36,361
35,847
33,637
36,172

575,916
591,514
589,176
616, 265

5,554, 990
5,836,468
5,839,708
5, 8f)S, 334

1,124,735
1,023,643
1,308, 229
927,372

28.00
28.00

33, 881
36,382

598,817
711,655

5,567,397
6,277,169

1,221,765
1,022,282

1921.
May
June
July
August
September.
October
November.,
December..

1,235,156

359,095

1,672,017

1,136,484

338,202

1,547,440

1,174,8

313,316

1,561,848

1,303,255

401,633

1,784,551

1922.

1,119,605

413,540

1,616,396

993,398

382, 586

1,457,439

1,068,042

346,604

1,491,301

1,327,731

441, 590

1,846,555

1923.

Soptember.
October
November..
December..

1,424, S25
1,473,837
1,550, 716
1,461,711
1,436,738

1,196,446

425,000

1,697,844

1,086,985

393,489

1,562, 225

See footnotes on opposite page also.
* Represents the total of plug, twist, fine-cut, smoking tobacco, and snuff.
* The Internal Revenue reports the number of large cigars, i. e., those weighing over three pounds per thousand, and the number of small cigars weighing less than the
above amount. Likewise they report the number of large and small cigarettes, the former weighing more than three pounds per thousand. Large cigars and small cigarettes represent more than 90 per cent of the total number manufactured in each case and are the only ones given in tnis table.
& Yearly figures on crop production represent the latest revised estimates as reported by the U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics.
The6monthlyfiguresfor 1921 and 1922 are the current monthly estimates of total production.
Partly estimated. Kentucky sales for first half year not available and are estimated as equal to the sum O tfcte sales in the other States, which is approximately the
f
normal proportion of Kentucky sales to the total.
* Index number less than 1.




138
COFFEE AND TEA.
Table 85.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from, Government and mm-Government sources.1
[Base year m bold-faced type.]
COFFEE.

COFFEE.

TEA.

Clearances
from Brazil.
ImReports
ceipts
into
in 2
To
World United Brazil. Total.* United U.S.
YEAR AND MONTH. total.
States.
States.*

Imports
into
U.S.

World
total.

Relative to
5-year average.

Relative to 1913.

Unfted
States.

1917 monthly a v . .
1918 monthly a v . .
1919 monthly av..
1920 monthly a v . .
1921 monthly av..
1922 monthly av..
1921.
September...
October . .
November

1OO

100

1OO

94

84

121

122

125

111

90
99

89

112

111

121

135

107

104

131

127

138

129

107

72

139

106

102

155

142

128

61

103

132

82

136

121

134

63

61

80

84

91

147

82

66

89

58

90

162

143

92

75

89

111

101

131

148

77

75

60

94

105

127

137

98

89

121

123

131

84

102

69

117

107

171

103

112

62

110

116

199

165

112

69

123

96

110

202

135

79

85

111

127

127

158

85

78

73

106

98

83

141

61

80

77

96

117

118

127

80

78

63

86

108

170

133

68

76

55

80

71

86

161

68

75
73

61
57

46
69

76
74

86
83

126
120

65
87

73

59

114

105

108

91

117

74

109

141

*78

'96

108

154

212

177

216

44

104

119

188

161

124

70

51

104

97

122

173

no

67

52

105

124

176

153

106

65

September
October
November.

99

50

72

Mav
June . .
Julv
August

48

72

....

Imports
into
U.S.

Imports
into
U.S.

Thousands of
pounds.

1OO

75
77

September
October
November
December
1923.
January
February
March.
April

1OO
1OO

77

May
June
July
August

Total.3

To
United
States. 4

B.-NUMERICAL DATA.

76

1922.
January
February.
March
April

Receipts
in
Brazil.^

Thousands of bags.*

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1909-1913 mo. a v . .
1913 monthly a v . . 100
1914 monthly a v . .
99
1915 monthly a v . .
80
1916 monthly a v . .
78

Clearances from
Brazil.

Visible supply.«

Visible supply .6

TEA.

43

93

120

211

174

65

63

58

77

117

153

232

51

59

64

27

69

54

151

52

52

55

31

69

91

120

66

46

44

60

72

79

94

81

45

45

108

78

80

92

117

47

42

133

156

204

96

116

49

38

132

168

226

154

157

49

50

132

183

246

187

173

45

50

11,797
11,679
9,441
9,200

1,894

955

990

393

1,593

1,151

1,207

491

1,689

1,072

1,103

474

1,970

1,249

1,261

544

8,493
7,187
7,425
7,770
8,891
8,839

2,633

1,009

1,014

610

1,960

1,261

813

53d

1,162

762

831

359

1,691

558

891

637

1,686

1,064

1,003

513

1,140

894

1,036

499

9,032
8,920
8,867
9,076

1,685

1,156

1,218

514

1,306

1,121

1,060

673

1,175

1,055

1,145

783

1,298

1,171

952

433

9,263
9,234
9,404
9,185

1,616

1,064

1,259

499

1,387

1,009

968

327

1,453

913
821

1,159

464

1,072

667

8,944
8,872
8,577
8,600

1,039

765

703

337

1,146
1,086
1,124

438
657

754
732

1,089

1,041

337
325
425

8,775
8,513
8,401
8,242

1,195

904

948

1,083

554

940

1,033

1,521

835

838

993

1,175

738

957

993

959

481

976

1,004

1,226

693

819

889

1,187

828

1,090

739

1,155

601

l,20S

257

679

212

6,104
5,451
5,297
5,524

1,033

298

679

356

826

577

717

309

5,777
5,742
5,325

7,953
7,721
7,491
6,936

860

1,031

773

339

798

1,269

1,543

803

716

1,265

1,664

890

944

1,265

1,812

968

75,659
71,044
84,256
102,438
97,241

8,241
7,418
8,151
8,842
8,814

107,209
91,788
111,130
108,118
111.956
103,837

10,566
11,044
0,747
7,567
6,374
8,093

63,546
78,174
124,9f>5
152,776

8,391
9 220
9,258
11,162

119,353
106,847
96,132
100,455

6,966
5,030

122,093
95,060
90,591
69,166

5,634

7

59,318
134,273
121,737
131,016
115,608
131,975
175,876
114,073
90,416
71,140
69,541
72,966
11», 781
141,336

G.617
5,593

5,367
7,208
9,657
7

7,938

17,S21
10,239
9,048

8,738
5,376
4,221
4,309
5,406
6,710
9,609
9,569
12,921
14,259

944

* Data on coffee except imports received from the New York Coffee and Sugar Exchange, Inc.; Imparts of coffee and tea from the U. 8. Department of Commerce, Bureau
ofForeign ad Domestic Commerce.
and
m
* Represents-total receipts at Rio and Santos.
8
Represents total clearances from Rio, Sastos, gad Victoria.
< Represents total clearances from Rio, States, Victoria, and Bahia.
* A bag of coffee averages 132 pounds.
* Given as of the 1st day ol the month.
* Covers first 21 days only, during which period the old tariff law was in effect; remaining 9 days included with October.




139
WHOLESALE TRADE BY FEDERAL RESERVE DISTRICTS.
Table 86.—INDEX NUMBERS.
From Government sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
HARDWARE.
Philadelphia.

Cleveland.

Richmond.

Atlanta.

Chicago.

Minneapolis.

Kansas City.

Dallas.

San Francisco.

Weighted index
6 districts.2

New York.

Atlanta.

Richmond.

Chicago.

Minneapolis.

San Francisco.

average...
average...
average...
average. . .

New York.

1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly
1922 monthly

Weighted index
10 districts.2

YEAR AND MONTH.

SHOES.

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

116

88

80

78

97

92

83

66

79

65

74

79

86

65

62

59

65

67

62

76

84

84

100

94

84

69

84

67

76

80

97

62

56

57

63

63

66

74

I

1921.
January
February
March
April

72

75

87

90

78

68

59

53

57

83

79

39

40

37

31

37

41

47

71

67

84

89

72

65

65

58

69

78

70

52

51

47

50

57

44

59

93

87

110

114

102

69

97

77

86

89

93

89

82

83

88

101

74

OS

92

92

121

115

95

62

95

78

80

78

91

72

60

54

73

85

66

93

May.
June
July
August

85

84

104

106

82

60

88

70

74

76

86

63

55

50

56

76

54

78

85

82

105

100

82

61

88

76

79

74

93

62

63

51

60

60

61

8i

72

71

86

74

72

54

76

65

68

63

80

48

52

40

44

37

61

65

77

70

90

S2

82

64

79

69

74

76

86

73

76

60

78

72

67

so

September
October
November
December

i

81

76

92

86

91

73

82

65

80

72

93

82

72

82

91

84

88

93

86

83

105

92

95

81

85

03

84

87

93

83

74

92

99

83

78

87

78

77

93

84

81

73

75

58

72

88

85

69

66

74

69

69

66

71

69

69

93

71

65

67

61

51

69

79

77

45

47

42

44

41

37

62

January
February
March
April

58

.76

71

59

69

61

52

39

49

63

76

58

54

68

66

58

56

53

41

57

66

72

82

86

103

90

79

65

85

60

77

74

89

51
68

85

86

111

95

85

60

88

75

75

75

92

62

May

93

96

113

106

87

62

99

79

82

78

106

58

June
July
August..

92

91

104

100

83

59

102

78

89

77

113

82

80

90

86

79

56

87

74

78

77

90

86

101

97

90

76

95

81

80

80

106

68

September
October.
November
December
1923.
January
February
March
April
May.. .
June
July
August
September
Oetoler
November
December

43

39

43

39

57

56

45

47

56

48

67

57

67

66

08

70

58

80

50

65

66

72

55

72

i

47

50

54

71

58

71

59

1

51

45

53

72

55

72

47

1
!

1

41

40

50

49

53

61

60

64

74

66

81

87

44
•

96

93

107

113

98

80

98

75

85

98

107

76

70

74

84

76

84

So

100

98

116

114

99

90

102

75

85

101

108

76

70

79

81

78

SO

88

94

94

111

110

97

84

91

67

80

91

104

67

59

66

73

65

79

82

83

S3

106

95

80

80

81

57

79

76

92

58

52

46

56

62

64

77

89

78

92

99

102

92

71

87

99

56

57

50

61

48

68

68

72

89

89

86

74

S

115

82

100

77

86

97

56

50

58

70

49

63

73

109

103

122

113

110

86

108

149

92

103

125

80

77

82

86

82

77

81

112

113

125

122

105

78

111

168

88

95

120

67

58

56

68

55

71

Si

117

114

129

134

107

79

118

180

92

104

125

68

61

65

86

56

81

So

114

109

125

127

95

80

120

169

92

105

125

64

56

59

61

65

70

81

100

92

111

107

88

72

106

157

77

106

109

51

46

44

49

52

54

69

100

100

111

112

109

86

104

160

77

108

114

71

63

66

78

66

90

ss

105

100

113

117

104

87

107

150

76

96

112

71

61

68

85

64

70

94

117

115

132

133

116

102

116

153

82

113

121

75

69

78

81

75

72

87

1
Compiled by the Federal Reserve Board, Division of Research and Statistics.
* Represents a combined weighted index based upon the total value of their production in the year 1919. For detail and methods of computation, see "Fedora:
Reserve Bulletin" for April, 1923.'




140

WHOLESALE TRADE BY FEDERAL RESERVE DISTRICTS.
Table 87.—INDEX NUMBERS.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]

DRUGS*
City.
Dalla

§

C
D

M

Cleveland.

Yor

3

C
3

all

Minneapol

o

Franc

8

Richmond.

elphia.

i

Phi

YEAR AND MONTH.

Weighted index
10 districts.2

GROCERIES.

Relative to 1919.
100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

3 85

85

99

90

113

< 88

89

84

116

97
96
101
88

100
99
116
110

100

100

100

97

96

112

101

108

114

94
89
108
98

93
85
102
93

116
110
125
116

94
92
105
92

94
94
91
100

93
95
96
101

107
110
107
111

76
77
62
59

95
103
92

104
107
94
88

103
112
95
85

122
115 j
105 I
105 |

79
75
90
82

57
60
68
61

90
77
98
86

94
94
114
94

102
103
129
97

78
91
82
91

89
100
87
92

65
67
65
73

97
108
105
100

97
100
94
103

76
80
74
08

87
86
84
74

101
108
101
87

88
93
80
72

108
124
115
89

84
90
89
81

63
69
71
74

71
73
77
84

79
98
93
97

73
70
76
72

82
80
81
84

82
79
76
86

72
84
70
77

84
94
86
99

92
101
97
104

90
97

89
98

79
83

96
89

111
111

100

100

100

100

100

100

1919 m o n t h l y a v e r a g e .

100

1920 m o n t h l y a v e r a g e .
1921 m o n t h l y a v e r a g e .

1131
77?

72

79

75

74

76

73

79

93

69

95

1922 m o n t h l y a v e r a g e .

80

77

74

71

73

73

70

79

91

71

100

January...
February.
March....
April

73
73
83
75

70
63
66
68

77
74
89
76

72
72
84
73

75
72
79
71

80
77
82
75

65
68
81
72

70
72
85
75

82
83
100
92

69
74
76
68

90
94
112
92

May
June
July....
August.

74
78
77
82

70
74
69
81

75
80
78
86

73
77
72
78

72
71
71
73

75
75
70
77

68
74
75
81

74
84
88
92

88
94
96
93

68
67
66
70

September.
October
Novem ber.
December..

81
85
76
69

77
85
72
72

81
83
81
70

75
80
74
66

80
82
76
67

80
79
70
70

77
78
72
63

85
82
74
64

102
10S
97
82

1922.
January
February
March
April

66
62
76
66

64
60
77
64

66
65
72
62

59
57
70
61

64
62
73
65

63
62
74
62

CO
57
71
60

65
60
78
70

May
June
July....
August.

74
82
74
80

69
79
72
75

73
79
70
77

69
77
69
74

76
74
72
77

72
72
68
77

08
79
68
75

September.
October
November.
December-.

84
91
88
78

81
95
96
89

76
85
88
80

77
80
84
73

79
82
82
74

79
85
S3
73

1923.
January
February
,
March
April

75
75
81
80

79
70
84
74

75
74
80
77

67
65
75
75

76
73
83
78

81
87
81
85

77
83
78
80

83
90
88
88

81
85
76
79

90
98

83
103

89

aoo

85
97

100
112

1921.

May
June
j July....
August.
September.
October
November.
December..

79
74
94
92

97
93
110
100

85
87
77
87

96
96
96
98

90
93
82

92
95
85
78

105
104
97
95

95
94
83
76

125
137
112
109

110
in
123
105

I 91
!
|
I

79
78
97
86

90
85
98
84

82
78
88
76

103
107
131
105

100
104
102
104

109
113
107
114

85
84
82
86

93
95
82
92

89
96
90

79
79
80
93

110
113
107
133

105
111
103
99

111
126
109
105

116
116
117
121

94
94
95
84

92
99
91
89

97
104
99
96

97
98
84
76

90
91
88
105

113
107
121
106

120
118
131
112

138
126
138
12.1

| 117 101
93
j 97
I 108 111
100
I 96

101
100
105
96

98
84
91
81

114
114
138
122

74
75
67
80

97
108
107
102

107
107
106
111

111
111
113
109

123

97

121

94

102
101
95
105

96
98
93
97

83
82 !
87 I
98 I

127
125
132
142

103
97

113
116

115
129

125
149-

101
111

95
104

85
83
85

119

92

124

101

125
132

101

88 100
86 | 105
83 | 101
94 135

i
i
i
i

125
127
121
110

101

145

115

161

i
Compiled by the Federal Reserve Board, Division of Research and Statistics.
Represents a combined weighted index based upon the total value of their production in the year 1919. For details and methods of computation, see ' Federal
Reserve Bulletin" for April, 1923.
3 Seven months' average, June to December, inclusive.
* Nine months' average, April to December, inclusive.
* Eleven months' average, January to December, excluding August, for which month no data are available.
1
2




WHOLESALE TRADE BY FEDERAL RESERVE DISTRICTS.
Table 88.—INDEX NUMBERS.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
DRY GOODS.

YEAS, AND MONTII.

TOTAL
MEAT
INDEX .J Weighted
index, 9
districts.

New
York.

Cleveland.

Richmond.

Atlanta.

Chicago.

Minneapolis.

Kansas
City.

Dallas.

1OO

1OO

! INDEX
- OF ;
San Fran- WHOLE-!
SALE
cisco.
TRADED

1OO

Relative to 1919.
100

1919 monthly average
1920 monthly average
1921 monthly average
1922 monthly average

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

i

1OO

115

1OO

'

1OO

1OO

112

55
56

86

91

84

81

70

84

77

125

89

90

87

89

84

78

70

92

75

121

87

93

:

'i

i

66

64

62

70

67

51

64

61

76

65

'1

69 '

''}

70

l'
!!

S1

74

1921.
January
February
March ..
April

76

56

91

82

77

64

71

70

100

101

101

105

96

87

96

78

143

108

89

96

8S

79

64

84

63

130

80

95
95

53

May
June . .
July
August

81

52
53

.

61
S9

79

88

74

67

57

78

65

107

78

si

i'

71

73

74

54

90

71

67

56

81

1

73

67

69

60

7S

62
Sf>

S9

76

12*

81

75

i

71

58

September. . .
October
November
December

81

59

105

105

93

103

86

104

12(5

160

110

101

i

80

;

99

170

123

•

82

j

55

115

112

107

119

116

114

61

105

104

101

110

99

103

llo

142

43

74

86

81

72

60

S3

67

65

87

64

45

37

53

56

99

99

115

46

84

127
43

6$
;

67

62 i

1

1922.
! January
February
March .
April

81

77

05

52

88

85

80

92

70

64

56

80

62

316

88

90

88

79

72

91

61

124

79
7S

48

75

77

71

06

63

75

49

.10.5

72

58

76

78

74

79

79 •
71

58
70

99

63

Mav
June
Julv
August

81

51

. .

10S

!

74 1

i

66 1

72

V-,

70

91

1
1

73 •
;
77 i

60

81

56

84

62

74

68

85

86

114

89

93

96

107

95

109

122

138

132

12-3

153

125

129

1

141

123

\

89

119

SS

121
124

1

81 i

80
111

60

116

106

102

109

91

131

68

10S

108

105

100

97

104

106

54

94

94

95

87

79

90

%
74

57

73

81

91

61

51

70

53

93

49

103
98

90

98

50

1.3,")

93

49

63

113

117

113

95

124

112

60

152
16]

T

104

89

89
81

10S

109

100
99

60

87

89

93

68

67

so

40

Mav

....

} .lime

i:>4

64
67

84

83

90

57

So
.SS

42

109

65
71

62

89

Julv
August

66

106

97

129

94

us

1(5.5

140

September .
October.
November
December

So

72
1

66

94

88

90
8^

70

121

107

127

75

123

123

123

80

123

135

119

75
10S
115
112

113

96
147

l:-}:?

:

99

140

76

148

•

SO

90

94 1

124

126

1
!

SO
84

9")

124

100

1

!

i!

;

79

135

112
104

78

,3
11 VI

74

•

81 i

7'i

60
57

72

1923.
Januarjr
February
March
April

63

92
82

62

56

. . .

;

67

59

September
October
November
Deeemtxu"

64 .

66

49
49

:

1

:

!

,

!

1
Compiled by the Federal Reserve Board, Division of Research and Statistics.
- Represents a combined weighted index based upon the total value of their production in the year 1919. For deiaiis and me:hods of computation i>ee "federal
Reserve'Bulletin" for April, 1923.
3
Weighted average based upon the total volume of wholesale trade in linos separately shown on this and the preceding page.




142

RETAIL TRADE.
Table 89.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.'
(Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

MAIL-ORDER HOUSES.
Total sales.
YEAR AND
MONTH.

Sears. MontRoe- gomery
buck
Ward
& Co. & Co.

4
2
houses.? houses.3
Relative
to 1919.

1913 mo. av.
1911 mo. av.
1915 mo. av. .
1916 mo av
1917 mo av
1918 mo. av.
1919 mo. av
1920 mo. av
1921 mo. av
1922 mo. av

Total.

F.W.
Woolworth
Co.

S. S.
Kresge
Co.

WHOLESALE.

CHAIN iSTORES.

TEN-CENT STORES.

A.
McJ. C. United Schulte,
S.H.
Cigar
Crory
Stores Kress & Penney Stores
Inc.
Co.
Co.
Co.
(cigars).
Corp.

Relative to 1913.

R e l a t i v e t o 1913.

Relative
to 1919.

Owl
Drug
Co.

American
Wholesale Corp.

Relative to 1913.

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

100

1OO

1OO

105

106

103

107

105

121

91

110

135

101

111

120

118

124

120

115

158

104

115

183

105

112

1)5
101

154

154

156

141

131

199

126

140

319

121

117

132

186

187

199

161

148

227

146

164

564

145

136

152

100

203

208

201

182

162

274

178

196

811

176

174

156

100

264

270

267

208

180

322

213

234

1,092

210

100

205

216

103

264

266

278

246

213

387

266

269

1,623

269

161

253

233

72

188

186

191

258

223

421

264

268

1,767

257

183

270

213

79

204

191

233

293

253

492

317

284

1,857

247

204

278

183

May

60

160

154

161

233

203

383

222

244

1,732

256

175

249

151

.Thrift. ..

62

159

206

229

195

384

222

251

1,745

251

160

49

133

131

225

195

370

233

231

1,497

254

178
180

263

Julv
August.

139
134

273

238

56

159

157

166

242

211

390

249

244

1,526

250

182

271

286
313
253

1921.

September ..
October
November
December

73

188

186

192

236

205

389

238

239

1,940

253

171

260

89

222

218

230

296

261

470

274

304

2,422

271

190

290

83

211

203

229

273

237

461

268

266

2,220

245

174

261

198

80

217

214

224

503

438

786

540

530

2,245

309

255

331

131

65

175

178

169

197

172

326

214

182

984

199

229

161

156

175

210

183

341

232

204

1,089

191

163
162

246

59

236

132

S4

211

198

243

247

215

406

268 * >

238

1,433

244

189

265

77

196

185

222

281

244

471

306

267

1,792

244

192

254

163
154

182

193
261

270

233
225

444

274

280

1,849

270

279

1,813

253
241

197

265

193

261
274

1922.
January
February
March .
April.
May.
June.. .
Julv
August.
September
October
November
December

128

70

194

69
58

• 174
154

137
154

154

263

228

448
444

287

251

1,455

247

203

275

57

157

153

168

272

235

464

304

248

1,556

246

205

289

135
251
225

1

75

190

180

214

28-1

245

491

308

257

2,160

260

226

274

202

109
110

268

250

326

286

545

2,696

335

237

318

269

571

''52

202

2S7

261

351

582

497

952

660

2,599
2, S62

210

109

2S8
610

246
244

204

254

319
352

311

277

311
332

340

305

370

136

311

1923.

Januarv..
February.
March..
April. .
May

June. ..
July
\ugust
September
October...
November.
December




88

243

238

256

242

200

446

2^9

1 273

221

198

263

84

232

215

274

245

203

454

279

223

1 283

209

189

2.->3

171

113

290

248

392

341

286

629

3&4

296

1 994

255

238

2S8

102

272

241

348

298

253

530

326

278

2,026

234

229

261

181
134

260 1

232

326

322

268

576

364

321

2 287

260

239

279

221 !

167

351

323

270

587

380

298

2 382

257

246

327

199

188

226

300

254

520

360

284

1 767

241

231

294

259

198

175

255

321

271

574

383

281

1,950

254

249

299

231

231

202
283

301

316
379

268

572

371

271

2,732

2G0

265

278

234

328

656

417

332

3,451

258

263

360

262

97
87
74
73
92
134

335

458

See footnotes on opposite page.

125
140

143
RETAIL TRADE.
Table 90.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

MAIL-ORDER
HOUSES.

YKAU AND MONTH.

1

TEN-CENT STORES.
F. W.
Woolworth
Co.

Totals

! WHOLE-

CHAIN STORES.

j

n l ted
S. S. McCrory S. H.
J. C. tCigar
Kresge Stores Kress & Penney Stores
Corp.
Co.
Co.
Co.
Co.
(cigars).!
1

SALE.

American
Wholesale
Co
- , Corp.

Thousands of dollars.

I
I
I

1913 monthly avoniKf\.j 81 1,275
11,847
ion moTithly average..
i:j, 198
1015 monthly average.
17,407
I'OO monthly average. J
20,0.Sli
1!M7 monthly average. J
101X monihly
monthly
1920 monthly
li»2l monthly
i'.»22 monthly

S 7 , 9 7 2 ;|
8, 544
9,582
11,278
12,800 i|

87,965 I $.'!,.*) 10
S, 127
3,420
0,389
4,113
12,237 i 5,178
11,S5(i |
0,592
10, 5 4 1
21,
!
21, 491
14, 217 |
831 ;

average..[
average..'
average.. |
average..;
average..'

22,89! 'j
29,772;j
3O7 23.3
21,200
22,060

14,520
10, 575
19,023
20,55S
23.350

1

55,519
5,801
0,333
7,257
8,174

1,1.05
1,341
1,745
2,200
2, 508

$450
411
408
500
055

S898
991
1,030
1,255
1,469

$220
297
402
701
1,240

8, 931
9,958
11,741
12,302
1:5,912

3, 020
3, 550
1, 270
4, 050
5,433

800

1,763
2,104
2,415
2,109
2,554

1,778
2,3! is
3,509
3, 887
4, 080

«:125

3,465
2,492
2,587
2,985
3, 570
4,336
5,172
0, 037
0,339
0,079

957
1,197
1,187
1,427

$1,306
1,303
1,380
1,807
! 2,071

360 j
364 1
381
•113

566
667
823 I
879
902

1,084
1,230
1,370

180 j

2,130
2,944
3,188
2,905
2,502

i

19*1.
i May
j June

18,000 ;;

11,091 i

|

18.272
17,950
19.273

11,203
10,711 |
10,741
11,641

4,232
4,215
4,087
4,311

1,001
999
1,048
1,122

2,110
2,255
2,077
2, 191

18,842
23, 504
21,790
40,002

11,325
14,408
13,107
24.191

4,300
5,190
5, 098
8 080

1,009
1,235
1,200
2,430

2,148 i
2, 731
2,385

\

17/:OO |;

.inly

15, 00., jj

io,o7t> I

A IIK 1

17,900 ;j

12,-177 i

Seplemb

2 1 , Iliii j

October.

24,0S2 I

14,N00 {
17,378 i
10,1N6 I
17,081 I

23,707

1 )ecember..

2i,5o<;

!

N00 •;
329 il
4S3 ;:

7,004
7,581
7,425

810

2,057
2,183
3,250
3,912

3,806
3,835
3,290
3,354

I
!

6,309
6,186
6, 203
6,100

1,196
1,200
1,225

4, 203
5, 323
4,883
4,938

0,231
6, 091
6,029
7,013

1,149
1,273 ,
1,166 !
1,715

S46
943
849
,108

!
|
4,276
i| 3,461
j
j
2,700
!' 1,831

855 j
888 ;
882 |

i

i
I .January..
I February.

15,801
1-1,713

5, 594
5,785
8,031
7, 358

15,711
10,749
19,077
22,129

0,517
10,080
11,817 |
13,439 !

3,598 j
%1
3,703 j 1,045
4,481 ! 1,205
5,208
1,379

1,032 1
1
1,835
2,134
2,390

2,105
2,395
3,153
3,943

4,898
4,794
6,013
6,012

1,097 j
1,091
1,208 !
1,288 j

798
766
860

3,133
1,806
2,226
2,107

14,478
10,910 |

0,377 :
8,055 •

21, 540
21, 104
001
070 ;

12, 884
12, 343
12, 557
12, 900

4, 903
4, 945
4, 001
5, 122

1, 235
1 ,214
1 , 289
1 , 369

2, 511
2,508
2,2.50
2,225

4,067
3,988
3,202
3, 424

0,226 j
i
5,932
6,100

1,321
1,296
1,300
1,371

848 !
891

1,750
1,848
3,468
3,073

13,508
15,774
14,834
27,455

5,423
G,019
0,313
10, iA.r>

1,386
1,436
1,585
2,908

2,304
2,797
2,582
5,477

4,753
5,932
5,717
6,297

1,516
1,309
1,412
2,049

891;
1,089
820
1, 203

2, 764
3,231
2,763
1,850

4,929
5,010
0,050
5 ; 802

1,227
1,257
1,772
1,460

2,000
2,002
2,050
2,496

2,800
2,823
4,387
4,458 |

5,140
5,158
0,281

11,513 |

11,019
11,231
15,780
13,910

1,331
1,2091,601
1,539

850
823
935
849

4,249
2,377
2,472
1,836

14,799 j
11,012
14,002
11. 904

0,370 |
0,485 |
5,745 !
0,338 !

1,040
1,711
1,019
1,722

2,887
2,677
2,553
2,527

5,032
5, 240
3, 888
4,289

0,402
0,342
5, 929
0, 204

1,608
1,655
1,555
1, (570

908
1,004
955
973

1,702
1,916
3,537
3,151

14,775
18,085

0,324
7,240

1,008
1,877

2,431
2,085

6,010
7,592

6.410
6,355

1,784
1,765

902
1,169

3,195
3.583

April..

19,782
IS,ION
23,^-32
22,071

May. .
June..

21,855 n
19,505 ;

July...

17,355 Ji

12,2(5 |

5,J1() |

17,70** ii

1 2 , 15<> j

5 , ~)~)A |

September
October
November
December
1921.
I January
February
March.
April

;:o, 222

19,933
20,197
20,750

31,201
112

i
|
:

•<7'.l

;
27,407.;
2(i, I 7 s | ;

IS,930 j
17,115;

8,477
9,0(i3

32,730 H

j

30,001 J!

,020 j
,025
,311
,415

7,089
10,289
11,001
11,023

21,401

May
.June
.Inly
August...
September
October...
No\ ember
December

12, 113

19,17S i

u,m \

29,201
24,915 I
22,453
22,33 I
j
!

13,333
1 1,001
13,909

10,790
11,012
7,901
8,425

|
j
I
|

20, 052
37,743

10.103
22.577

9,!) 19 i
15,100 I

198 !
I93. i

!

6,004 I
I
6,421 j
6,074
6,025
8,385

895 ,
938 I

I

j

1
This fable is submitted in response to a demand for publication of the figures of sales of individual stores, which have been compiled from published reports. These
tf res represent, money values sales. Data on American Wholesale Corporation placed here for convenience. Mail-order and. chain-store sales are reported directly by the
p
y aues a e
e e oprati
eence
i
i l d f
t hC
i
l
d i i l
h i l
t the d
i l d h
companies or compiled from the Commercial and F Financial C Chronicle, exceptth i inde\ f f four mail-order houses.
of
es.
3
Compiled by the Federal Reserve Board, Di/ision of Research and Statistics, and the index, based upon t h
the combined average sales in 1919,Includes Soars, Roebuck
& Co., Montgomery Ward A: Co., Larkln Co., and the National Cloak & Suit Co.
,
gy
, akln o.,
aa
;
<
; I n l d
<
S
R b k &C
dM t
W d & C
Includes Sears, Roebuck &, Co. and Montgomery Ward & Co.




144
RETAIL SALES.
Table 91.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
DEPARTMENT STOEES.

CHAIN STORES.*

Federal Reserve District.

Y E A R AND
MONTH.

Total
(or 9
disFive
tricts, Grocery and ten Drug Cigar Shoe Music
San
Phila- RichNew
At- Chicago Minne- Dallas' Fran- weight(27
(10
(3
(6
3
Boston York delphia mond lanta
(5
apolis
chains). chains). chains). chains). chains). chains).
(24
(70
ed
cisco
(21
(64
(24
(35
(17
(19
stores). stores).
stores). stores). stores).
(306
(31
stores). stores). stores).
stores). stores).
Relative to 1919.
1OO
121
116
121

100
119
110
111

92

108

11
0

87

QA

CO
OO

117
111

117

115
108
93
113

113
109
81
84

108
124
115
181

95

100
119
101
94

100

1OO

100

122

113

120

106

105

99

110

102

92

84

91
88

126

118

113

112

108

113

110

125

108

101

110

115

98

118
122

114

121

113

108

103

113

107
112

106

113

95

105

108

99

78

78
74

90

77

74

81

84

71

93

76

75

86

94

70

92

91

84

83

100

91

139

139

120

120

112

100
111

114

131

136

117

110

113

108

104

188

189

171

178

155

158

146

149

100

98

76

74

86

84

85

72

73

77

71

71

110

109

127

119

May
Juno
July
August.

123
122

118
115

82

100
116
114
118

100
118
113
110

1OO

109
86
121
118

May
June
July
August..
September.
October....
November..
December..

98
128
124

1919 mo. a v . . .
1920 mo. a v . . .
1921 mo. a v . . .
1922 mo. a v . . .

1921.
January—
February..
March
April

1923.
January
February..
March
April

83

119

100
113

117

106

119

101

107

109

92

89

88

119

112
132

75

100

120

100
119

1OO

145
127

124

123

132

146

140

127

129

110
86
101

117

121

125

132

112

123

135

121

112

121

130

119

110

122

128

117

108

124

129

132
123
95

123

116

121

128

82

65
60
56
72

122

113

120

128

97

82

138

141

125

138

129

99

120
172

135

133

116

125

116

107

148

242

147

173

143

173

100
84
111
110

90
80
101
113

138

94

82

100

109

80

150

117

140

134

117
115
123
121

111

131

72
75
81
79

115
108
80
87

139
153
137
140

129
126
126
130

112

125

!

94

91

91

112

107

87

126
109

103

87

71

89

79

94

73

117
110
83
92

106
101
81
93

97

78

98
86
70
74

68

133
112
90
120

September.
October
November..
December..

116
13.5
135
197

107
145
142
200

107
144
147
187

91
119
122
185

86
114
113
162

114
122
131
185

105
120
107
164

101
105
105
149

114
137
132
204

106
130
130
186

142
150
162
166

1923.
January—
February..
March
April

106
92
127
128

108
88
124
122

107
98
150
128

99

115
101

83
78
106
101

81
73
99
89

115
102
135
124

100
88
123
118

105
100
190

127

92
77
105
114

124

1OO

120

98

92

120
113
114

112

85

65

100

118

94

89

133

93

127
121
132
124

106

103

1OO

88
83
136
136

79
78
82
75

124

99

125

151

123

129

124

123

126

127

124
119
105

129

127

84

99

135
155
151
279

129
133
123
162

135
127
127
179

116
121
123
162

118
119
121
204

168

115
117
162
142

129
126
145
135

116
110
135
125

86
72
145
125

95
88
96
99

143
144
102
95

100

81
81
83

May
June
July....
August.

133

129

152

112

108

130

114

106

147

128

181

154

142

136

128

132

115

102

132

109

92

128

123

109

154

149

137
136

91

85

112

77

92

84

67

116

90

166

141

128

99

87

115

81

118

97

69

136

98

172

143
153

145

135

September.
October
November.
December..

116

112
159

115

90

92

102

127

111

171

151

143

140

127

102

130

133

127
154

104

170

120

125

160

147

192

180

152

138

139

137

144

1

97
82
103

Compiled by the Federal Reserve Board, Division of Analysis and JicmircJ). Index numbers are based upon dollar values.
2 With the exception of the 4 music chains which operate only locally through the West, these data include the larger individual chain-store systems, which in the aggregate cover practically the entire country. 17,023 unit stores are represented by the 27 groccrv chains; 1,828 unit stores by the 5 five and ten cent chains; 463 unit stores by
the lOdrug store chains; 2,732 unit stores by the 3 cigar chains; 344 unit stores by the 6 shoe chains; and 58 unit stores by*the 4 music chains.
1
In calculating bases estimates are made for sales of stores in the Minneapolis and Dallas districts for the months of 1919 for which there are no reports.




145
DEPARTMENT STORE STOCKS.
Table 92.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
VALUE O F STOCKS AT END OF MONTH, BY FEDERAL RESERVE DISTRICTS.
YEAR AND MONTH.

1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly
1922 monthly

av. . . .
av
av
av

Index for
RichPhilaMinneSan
Atlanta
Chicago
United
Boston New Y o r k delphia
Dallas
mond
apolis
Francisco States 2
(59 stores). (16 stores). (19 stores). (29 stores).
(24 stores). (64 stores). (13 stores). (19 stores). (22 stores).
(265 stores).
100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

126.1

135.7

119.9

133.6

133.7

151.9

118.4

142.8

132.7

107.7

114.1

106.4

105.4

113.9

124.0

97.0

116.0

113.3

111.2

114.9

112.5

109.2

111.6

122.4

101.7

108.9

114.4

100.0
135.4
113.1
113.9

1920.
130.9

125.7

143.9

131.3

150.6

120.5

134.9

136.2

136.7
133.4

130.2

102.2

130.8

135.0

146.7

120.0

149.7

134.3

131. 5

138.0

121.5

135.0

141.3

150.8

126.3

169.2

141.6

139.5

148.7

127.8

149.2

154.2

167.6

129.2

181.8

148.2

150.8

149.9

130.6

149.2

160.4

175.4

129.2

174.7

151. 8

153.8

140.4

143.0

123.9

137.4

150.4

166.8

122.8

156.6

147.0

146.3

113.6

114.7

111.7

101.8

108.2

130.5

92.7

101.6

120.4

114.3

97.4

101.4

95.8

87.1

101.2

112.9

88.6

100 8

100 1

101 1

99.7

106.4

99.4

95.4

110.1

119.3

88.7

110 5

103 3

105 9

106.4

114.4

107.2

103.4

113.2

126.4

72.5

117.5

109.2

111.6

109.6

117.5

105.6

106.5

115.7

128.4

95.7

117.4

112.8

115.0

107.3

115.4

105.4

104.3

111.2

123.7

97.6

106.5

112.7

112.2

103.2

109.2

102.1

99.7

107.3

119.5

96.5

110.6

107.8

108.2

100.7

105.1

97.9

97.7

105.6

117.3

97.5

107.9

109.7

106.1

102.1

110.6

104.9

104.3

113.4

118.2

103.4

123.7

120.3

111.9

113.0

122.4

114.9

121.4

126.0

131.6

109.2

133.6

124.9

123.1

120.1

127.6

119.7

124.5

131.6

138.7

111.9

131.2

126.3

127.6

125.8

130.0

121.0

124.0

128.6

137.6

111.9

133.5

127 9

128 6

106.6

1922.
January..
February
March
April

152.4

129.9

141.9

September
October
November
December

125.7

131.6

13G. 8

May
June
July
August

130.8

120.8

124.5

1921.
January
February
March
April

122.7

131.0

119.2

September
October
November
December

137.2

123.5

May
June
Julv
August

109.0

103.0

96.8

103.4

114.5

90.8

99.2

104 0

105.6

99.1

106.9

88.5

98.8

106.2

101.4

110.6

117.7

95.6

107.3

111.7

120 7

116 3

111.7

117.3

127.0

103 3

120 9

108.7
118 2

121.9

115.9

110.6

116.4

124.6

98.7

115 5
113.8

122.2

117.6

116.8

110 1

107.0

111.7

122.8

102.5

110.1

114 4

114 1

106.2

110.3

109.8

103. 7

104.9

115.7

99.2

100.4

107.0

108.3

103.7
109 0

104.8
109.5

105.6
111 9

99.8

113.6
125.0

97.8
102 0

99.6
111 0

108.1

105.0

103. 2
109 3

112 1

105. 6
111 8

122.0

120.6

121.6

119.5

IIS. 5

128.9

107.7

117 7

118 0

120 5

125.1

125.1

127.5

130.3

121.3

134.8

112.6

132.1

126.7

126.0

123.1

136. 8

115.5

119.6
118.9

120.0

130.0

124 2

125.7
128 5

110.5

111.1

105.9

103.2

101.2

115.2

97.2

94.1

107.6

107.7

107 0

106 8

102 2

99 6

105.2

112 2

100 0

97 0

107 4

105 5

111.5

116.5
127 5

113.0

111.9

127.2

107.2

106. 8

117 7

115 3

119 9

111.5
122 9

124 3

118 9

138 7

117 1

115 4

124 6

125 3

] 25. 2

May
June
July
August

101.7

102.4

110.9

1923.
January
February
March
April

90.8

104.7

112.2

September
October
November .
December

95.9

108.5

110.7

May
June
July
August

105.1

103.6

127.3

132.1

125.8

121.4

140.5

117.3

118.9

131.8

128.9

124.1

121.7

120. 8

136. 0

115. 8

117.2

126 7

125.9

114.8

113.4

128.0

103.9

109.9

121.2

118.1

110.9

123.1
118.1

121.1

111.4

127.6

97.3

107.1

120.5

115.5

118.5

131.4

122.4

119.8

141.0

103.8

121.3

127.5

124.7

129.0

131.0

143.5

141.0

130.0

127.0

133. 2

135 5

142.0

152.0

141.0

134.0

151.0
153.0

108.5

142.0

1
2

127.7

116.1

116.0

September ..
October
November.
December

125.0

115.9
10S. 6

111.0

131.0

140.0

142.0

Data compiled by the Federal Reserve Board, Division of Research and Statistics, and are based upon dollar amounts as reported to the Board.
Weighted index based upon the number of employees in retail stores as shown by the latest available census data. For details see Federal Reserve Bulletin for
February, 1923.
68690°—23-




-10

146

DISTRIBUTION MOVEMENT.
Table 93.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite patio.]
POSTAL
RECEIPTS.

CANDY.

POSTAL MONEY ORDERS.
Foreign.0

Domestic.5
Sales by
manufactures.2

YEAR AND MONTH.

Total, 50
cities. 3

Second
Class 4
(quarterly).

Paid.

Relative
to 1919.

Magazine.7

Issued.

Number, j Value,
Relative
to 1920.

ADVERTISING.

j Number.

Newspaper.8

Value.
Relative
Up] a live
to 1913. i to l'Jlti.

Relative to 1919.
i

j

1
81

53

69

53

125

93

(32

78

59

122

100
95
94
116

92

69

85

68

93

122

75

133

87

77

90

82

90

110

73

200

100

100

100

100

100

154

234

104

111

108

ii;>

188

100
114

70

100
113
113

194

111

10S

121

124

271

106
121

99

77

105

123

113

129

50

105

102

102
100

1913 monthly average..
1914 monthly average..
1915 monthly average..
1916 monthly average..
1917 monthly average*.

100

175
153

103
•

lOti
74
SO

1918 mon thly average
i 1919 monthly average
! 1920 monthly average
1921 monthly average
! 1922 monthly average

'.
j
i
j
j

113

93

100

115
1

73

103
10S

1921.

i

\ u°ust
f-ept ember
October
November
December

92

39
in
.,((

90
I0S

100

120

117

50

124

112

85

48

. ..
. --

111

OS

118

99
109

105

100
111

82

119

no

103

111

100

145

124

107

142

122

107

116

113

41
40

91
113

102

47

124

00
112

140

I

117

229

246

j

94

lfiii

132

114

107

8s

118

105

V'ebruarv
March
\pril

91

111

102

84

110

64

132

136

116

139

99
123

5S

121

122

102

121

117

Mav.. .
June . ..
Julv
Yiisusl

62

122

119

100

123

123

45

150

116

57

121

125

103

123

105

59

134

10S

106
llti

102
108

112

no

96

105
110

57

59

59

102

93
105

J;) i; uai'v

261

262

!

117

63

124

112

105

US

111

60

121

135

132

125

127

71

156

1 r>6

135

132

123

126

117
115

82

1 ">''

120

110

...

86
86

September
...
October
November* •
December

159

15S

128

147

127

14S

120

101

136

157

111

138

125

so

;

in

108

81

126

101

126

115

72

j

141

100

82

152

119
155

13S

1 "6

140

95

164

125

78

133

136

117

141

125

1SS

J30

137

122

141

130

9$

1S5

131

137

120

140

128

105

172

117

115

114

101

134

123

111

141

100

123

116

I OS

129

123

119

123

96

54

127

117

112

128

120

119

145

ill

93

148

140

143

150

138

179

185

130

253

284

1923.
Januarv
February
March
April.

306

I

Mav
>:
June
i July
August
Septeml)er...:
October
November
December

78
72

135
!

6o
58

|

129

288

184

i
See footnotes on opposite page also.
1
Candy sales from U. 8. Treasury Department, Bureau of Internal Revenue: postal receipts in 50 selected cities, quarterly data on second-class mail, and monthly data
on money orders, from V. S. Post Office Department; magazine advertising as reported by I'rintn'x Ink; newspaper advertising compiled by New York Evening Poxt~
'-' Computed on the basis of a 5 per cent excise tax prior to January, 1922, and since January, 1922, on the basis of a 3 per cent tax (revenue act of 1918 superseded by
revenue act of 1921). This column thus represents actual value of sales, not the taxes paid on sales'
;
<
The war revenue act of Oct. 3, 1917, provided for an increase in the rate for first-class letter mail from 2 cents per ounce or fraction thereof prior to Nov. 1, 1917, to 3
cents per ounce or fraction thereof, from Nov. 1, 1917, to July 1, 1919, and an increase of the rate on postal and post cards from 1 cent to 2 cents each during the same period.
Since July 1, 1919, the old rates on first-class mail have been restored. Under this act a stamp tax of 1 cent for each 25 cents postage charge or fraction thereo is collectible
ereof
on parcel-post matter.




147

DISTRIBUTION MOVEMENT,
Table 94.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government Sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite f-age.]
CANDY.

POSTAL,
RECEIPTS.

POSTAL MONEY ORDERS.
D

Sales by

Y E A R AND M O N T H .

manufacturers.2

Total
5 0 cities.3

Second
class <
(quarterly).

17,066

9 $37,411
39,670

18,380
20,688
20,759
22,878

19,992
19,202
27,076
32,595
39,798

19,289
20,407
21,670
21,806
26,727

January..
February.
March
April

52,360
36, 280
25,309
23,116

20,957
20,394
24,283
22,156

May
June
July....
August.

24,783
22, 645
21, 791
23,336

22,375
22,231
19,543
21,372

September..
October
November..
December..

24,897
34,255
33,990
43,693

22,764
21,777
24,812
29,150

January...
February.
March
April

39,958
32,007
32,398
31,080

24,935
23,082
27, 870
24,374

May....
June
July....
August.

31,073
28,576
25,953
22, 886

24,902
23,802
21,046
22,624

September..
October
November..
December..

21,418
36,807

23,272
27,235

1922 m o n t h l y average..

Magazine.7

Number.
| Thousands

Thousands of dollars.

Newspaper. 8

Value.

2,684
$13, 543
14,611

27, 707
30, 538

1920 monthly average..

Value.

2,598

1918 m o n t h l y average..

1921 m o n t h l y average..

Number.

Foreign.*

Issued.

$2,525

average..
average..
average..
average..
average..

1919 m o n t h l y average..

Paid.

Thousands. ™

Thousands of dollars.
1913 m o n t h l y
1914 m o n t h l y
1915 m o n t h l y
1916 m o n t h l y
1917 m o n t h l y

Domestic (50 principal cities).

ADVERTISING.

6,313

$34, 812

1,315

40,592

1,470

2,860

7,248
7,149

44,863

1,610

.111,467
12, 702
14,657

•15,190
4,537
3,719
3,609
2,748

4,898
6,851

17,837

2,680

2,970
1,858
1,519
1,884

1,224
1,161
1,147
1,415
1,490

62,671

1,344
1, 890
2,305
1,480
1,573

83,859
95,832
86, 661
91,103

61, 440

6,784

50, 587

7,773

65,356

8,098
8,211
9,409

72, 432
64,827
68,462

1,711
1,895
2,059
2,107
2,340

7,126
7,655
8,462
8,542
9,658

56,684
61,761
68,573
67,148
70,132

1,940
1,900
2,094
2,111
2,687

22,086
21, 694
22,907
22,822
26,403

1,148
1,190
1,156
1,487
3,191

1,105
1,325
1,467
1,522
1,421

71,177
84,153
97,748
93,998
94,611

57, 213
54,849
75,540
66,350 j

2,243
2,082
2,638
2,284

22,818
21,493
26,695
25,322

1,210
1,186
1,385
1,557

1,112
1,383
1,515
1,717

85,944
75,342
93,592
98,031

8,147

3,367
5,051
5,914

21,713

Thousands of
agate lines.

65,611
67,568
57,985
62,563

2,323
2,335
2,125
2,218

26,706
22,718
22,694
23,912

1,347
1,754
1,680
1,751

1,830
1,644
1,351
1,243

97,090
90,753
79,505
78,087

8,678
10,277
10,267
12,298

68,719
81,420
80, 246
83, 484

2,233
2,410
2,395
2,789

24,128
25,382
25,048
27,610

1,789
2,120
2,427
4,405

1,485
1,907
1,877
1,817

88,034
105,542
100,616
100,601

10,233
9,238
12,001
10,563

72,266
65,725
90,117
76, 616

2,619
2,384
2,949
2,670

27,226
24,908
30,401
27, 202

2,372
2,128
2,825
2,524

1,399
1,730
2,002
2,298

90,422
83,496
105,023
108, 830

10,681
10,683
8,865
9,008

79, 664
78,590
67, 86270, 860

2,671
2,657
2,535
2,440

28, 238
27,723
26, 680
26, 744

2,901
3,105
3,371
3,539

2,270
2,108
1,726
1,505

109, 559
98,359
83, 757
80,653

9,104
11,319

73,020
93,284

2,424
2,839

26,151
29,999

3,548
5,310

1,780
2,263
2,247

93,014
109,293

25,017
23,351
24,544

61,067

1921.
August
September..
October
November..
December..

5,786

1922.

6,581

6,626

6,384

7,181

8,307
7,902
10,584
9,479
9,240
9,743
7,923

1923.

7,714

7,266

See footnotes on opposite page also.
* Note that these data represent quarters ending in the months specified and the annual figures represent quarterly averages for each year, not monthly averages. The
war revenue act of Oct. 3,1917, provided for a series of graduated annual rate increases on second-class mail as follows, compared with a flat rate of 1 cent per pound previous
to July 1, 1918: From July 1, 1918, to June 30, 1919. 1{ cents, and since July 1, 1919, 1£ cents per pound, these changes applying, regardless of zone or distance, to portions
of publications devoted to reading matter. For the advertising portions the country was divided into eight zones, each with a graduated rate and its corresponding annual
increases, beginning with July 1, 1918, and reaching the maximum on July 1, 1921, making, for the first time, a dilferentiation between the rates on reading and advertising
•> Total of 50 cities transacting two-thirds of the total money-order business of the country. Money orders paid include, in addition to those both issued and payable
in the 50 cities, those presented for payment but issued at any of the other offices in the United States and the 22 foreign countries, mostly in North America and West
Indies, to which domestic postage rates apply.
.
, , , - , . r,
e Money orders issued to 10 principal foreign countries, representing approximately 95 per cent of total money orders issued. The countries are Great Britain, Canada,
Mexico. France, Italy, Netherlands, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Japan.
7
Th&se figures represent the number of lines of advertising carried bv the leading magazines dated for the month noted.
s Compiled from 22 identical cities: New York, Chicago, Philadelphia, Detroit, Cleveland, St. Louis, Boston, Baltimore, Los Angeles, Buffalo, San Francisco, Milwaukee,
Washington Cincinnati, New Orleans, Minneapolis, Indianapolis, Columbus, Louisville, St. Paul, Birmingham, and Houston. For the years 1916 to 191S no reports were
available for Boston, Louisville, Houston, and Columbus. The totals for those years were computed from the actual reports of the IS other cities, allowing 13.*5 per cent
of the total to the four missing cities, the average ratio of those cities to the total in the subsequent years.
a Six months' average, July to December, inclusive.




148
DISTRIBUTION MOVEMENT.
Table 95.—(A) INDEX JTUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government und non-Government sources.1
Base year In bold-faced type.]

INTERNAL-REVENUE TAX
COLLECTIONS ON SALES.

RESTAURANT
SALES.

Childs

Waldorf
System,
Inc.

Rel. to
1913.

Rel. to
1920

Bonds,
Total, 2 chains.
capital
JewFireThea- stock Capital
elry,
issues, stock
a n u s watch<
ter
trans- Stores
and
admis- and
es,
oper- Sales.
fers.
shells. and
sions.* conated.
veyclocks.
ances.

Rel. to
1920.

YEAR AND
MONTH.

Number.

Relative to 1910.

Bonds,
Jewcapital
Fireelry,
stock Capital
Theaarms watchissues, stock
ter
and
arid
transes,
admisshells.
con- I fers.
and
sions.4
veyclocks.
ances.

Thousands of dollars.
B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

2$1,22S

»173
195

1919 mo. a v .

Waldorf
System,
Inc.

Co.2

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.

1918 mo. a v .

INTERNAL-REVENUE TAX
COLLECTIONS ON SALES.

RESTAURANT SALES.

3 100

100

100

100

$371

1920 mo. av

100

257

100

137

187

134

142

81

160

$2,618

1,828

1921 mo. av

99

250

104

84

149

127

112

70

175

2,594

1,774

1922 mo. av

105

251

122

100

131

104

91

81

189

2,744

1,781

102

257

107

34

368

132

138

109

171

2,(371

$3,808

I 1,814
f

1,198

100

5,408

3,578

1,018

440

2,239

7,247

5,102

820

268

1,782

6,892

4, (.22

715

964

320

1,566

5,603

3,257

823

1,822

849

110

! 4,409

7,121

4,925

j
I
1,110 j

767

$790

1921.
January

•S425

91

228

97

42

240

144

|

112

82

173

2,3S9

1,622

134

| 2,N7S

7,803

4,000

833 j

March

104

261

109

56

121

145

! 128

51

175

2,71*

1,854

180

|

1,447 7,864

4,568

524 !

April

97

245

103

81

120

137

120

80

174

2,552

1.742

261

i

1,436 7,416

4,309

816 I

May

101

252

107

39

114

132

112

66

176

2,63s

1,789

7,152

4,003

673 I

June

96

240

103

106

123

136

127

80

176

2,517

July

96

243

99

76

132

108

K-7

78

176

2,510

103

265

103

133

116

110

110

75

175

2,697

September

100

253

104

98

101

113

96

29

176

October

February

August

^..

849

125

1,707

810

340

1,474

7,368

4,a58

819

1,725

785

242

1, oXF)

5,823

3, SI 2

791

1,880

817

425

1,394

5,930

3,939

763

2,617

1,795

822

314

1,212

6,123

3,420

297

1,365

101

255

107

115

108

119

102

59

175

2,050

1,808

842

368

1,291

6, 416

3,650

599

November

95

240

99

117

110

129

97

59

176

2,402

1,707

785

374

1,389

6,995

3,473

598

December

102

259

106

106

125

124

101

75

176

2,673

1,836

837

341

1,500 I

6,690

3,600

759

I

1932
102

245

116

70

302

119

09

76

185

2,660

1,742

918

224

3,614

|

6.453

3,533

771

92

223

104

31

222 j

108

78

68

185

2,402

1,584

818

98

2,665

|

5,867

2,802

694

March

103

250

117

46

103 j

116

91

65

2,704

1,776

928

149

1,231 I

6,285

3,258

664

April

100

243

114

48

90 |

101

87

84

2,630

1,726

904

154

1,074 i

5,439

3,099

850

May

244

124

94

108

95

112

2,714

1,732

9S2

300

1.240

5,81s

3,399

1,141

1,673

941

3S5

1,318

|

5,547

3,356

1,087

1.704

042

1,277 i

4,621

.,» j

3,307

<S9S

August

104
100
101
10S

4,710

3,013

649

September

632

January
February

04

107

1S7
1S8

92

ss

1S8

87

S4

64

189

2,825 |

1,854

971

259
588

91

89

2,902 !

1,880

1,022

214

1,0X5

4,789

3,004

101

100

62
78

192

174

193

2,976

1,918

1,058

558

1,211

5,396

3,237

79S

199

111
128

101

84
90
93

92

195

1,831

1,028

639

1,327

5,485

3,340

932

126

104

75

107

2,s59 j
3. not

1,946

1,055

272

1,529

6, K25

3,734

762

358

125

135

78

199

i 2,971

1,905

!

1,066

261

4, 285

6,766

4,831

I 794

215

109

103

86

200

: 2,696

1,716

! 980

197

2,570

5,877

3,700

! 879

113

124

110

86

201

l,9S0

: 1,131

281

1,352

6,70')

3,922

;

115

112

116

104

202

i -Mil
2,961

1,88-3

| 1,078

218

1,381

6,051

4,145

| 1,063

23G

119

120

240

119

81

2G1

123

111

265

October

114

November
December

June

104
110

183

107
102

129

67

270

134

109

25S

130

115

274

134

January

113

268

81

February

103

242

\

124

61

March

119

279

i

143

88

April

113

265

j

136

68

July

103

1923.
135

876

May

117

271

146

121

122

122

119

74

203

'

3,076

1,923

388

1,467

6,582

4,247

| 758

June

112

259

139

142

133

US

115

82

205

|

2,939

1,841

I 1,098

456

1,591

4,124

| 831

July

113

261

140

194

129

95

107

66

208

!

2,955

1,852

622

1,550

3,842

| 672

August

121

2SS

144

108

129

103

96

48

209

2,042

347

1,546

5,5 1
6

3,425

i 484

122

2*4

150

161

97

91

87

43

209

I
! 3,178
! 3,200

j M03

6,370
4
5,1 1

516

1,162

' 435

287

154

71

137

129

100

51

209

I

2,040

227

1,643

4,933
7,000

3,130

125

3,565

i 515

September
October

\

3,260

I 1,136
2,014
| 1,220

November..
December...
1

Data on restaurant sales from Chi Ids' Co. and Waldorf System, Inc.; tax collections from Bureau of Internal Revenue, Treasury Departnifnt.
- The base year, 1913, showed a monthly average of $710,000: monthly averages for intervening years may be found in the October issue (No. 26), pages 58 and 59.
;i
8ix months' average, July In December, inclusive.
* Includes cabarets and concert. The rate of tax under the act of 1921 (represented by data for 1922; is "I cent for each 10 cents or fraction thereof of the amount paid
for admission/' payable by the person paying such admission, except "where the amount paid for admission is 10 cents or hiss, no tax shall be paid.'' The act of 191s
provided for the same rate of taxation but allowed no exceptions and, hence, the data ior 1(J22 are not quite as comprehensive as the earlier data. However, the variance
is not such as will prohibit comparison.




149

COST OF LIVING.
Table 96.—INDEX NUMBERS,
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type.]

FOOD.

SHEL- CLOTH- FURL
AND
TER.
ING.
LIGHT.

SUN-.
AMU
DRIES. ITEMS.

FOOiK

CLOTHING.

HOUSING.

FUEL
AND
LIGHT.

YEAR AND MONTH,

FURNITURE
AND
MISHOUSE CELLA- TOTAL.
FURNEOUS.
NISHINGS.

National Industrial Conference Board Index.*

U. $4 Department of Labor Index.*

Relative to July, 1914.

Relative t o 1913.

1913, average

100.0
100

1914, December
1915, July
1915, December
1910 July

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

100

100

103

102

100

102

120

104

104

143

126

117

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

109

105

100.0

101

111

100.0

1OO

146

1914, July

131

105.0

1918, average for 2 m o n t h s . .

138

152

101.5

101.0

110.6

107.4

105.1

120.0

102.3

108.4

127.8

113.3

118.2

149.1

100.1
109.2

124.1

142.4

147.9

150.6
213.6

140. 5

205.3

165.8

174.4

241.6

119.8

151.2

244.3

181.7

188.3

223.0

143.0

183.4

289.6

204.8

208.5

199.7

160.0

181.1

230.1

207.8

177.3

141.5

185

104.7

198.5

118

103.0

195.5

173

103.0

157.0
187.0

191S, December

104.0

126.0

1917 December

101.0

149.3

1917 Tnlv

100.0

105.0

1916 Deoomber

101.0

172.7

161.2

180.1

205.1

201.6

167.3

138. 7

175.5

160.9

175. 8

206.5

203.3

166.9

141.0

172.3

160.9

174.4

202.9

201. 5

166. 6

139.8

171.3

161.1

183.8

202.9

201.1

166.3

146.6

171.5

161.9

186.4

208.2

200.5

169.5

142.0

174.4

162.4

186.2

217.4

200.3

168.8

144.3

174.9

163.4

180.6

222. 2

200. 3

169.7

149.3

176.5

164.4

181.3

222.4

20J.1

172.1

159

1919, av. 2mos. (June,. Dec.).
1919 average 3 m o n t h s

186

129

205

144

164

172

1920, m o n t h l y average

205

154.

261

168

185

198

156

169

166

183

184

167

142

166

155

179

173

157

1920, av. 2mos. (June Dec.).
1921 m o n t h l y average
1921, a v . 3 mos. (May, Sept.,

Dec.)
19°2 moil 1 hiv average . .

1(J22, quarterly average
1922.
Tanuarv
February
March

150

178

178

161

156

177

177

158

165

154

174

174

155

139

165

155

174

174

155

139

165

156

174

174

155

141

165

174

155

165

153
154

174

142

174

172

156

139

September

156

169

139

June.
July

169

142

165

153

181

172

155

140
143

165
165

155

187
187

172
172

156
157

145

December .

167

157
160

186

171

158

147

167

156

187

171

159

1923.
January
"Fobruiry
March
April

144

167

160

187

171

158

142

167

162

187

171

158

142

170
170

168

159

167

186
180

173

143

173

159

May

143

172

174

178

173

160

June ..
July
August

144

172

169

178

173

160

147

175

170

176

173

162

146

175

171

176

173

162.

149

175

175

176

173

163

150

175

176

178

173

164

September
October
November
I )ccember

* Index numbers represent retail prices on the first day of the month, except food, which is the retail food index of the U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics for the 15th
of the preceding month. Beginning with March, 1922, all prices shown are as of the 15th of the month indicated. The index is weighted according to the estimated
consumption of average wage earners before the war, on the following basis: Food 43.1 per cent, shelter 17.7 per cent, clothing 13.2 per cent, fuel and light 5.0 per cent,
sundries 20.4 per cent.
2
Index numbers represent averages for the month in 32 cities; food prices reported by 15 to 25 dealers in each city, fuel and light by 10 to 15 firms, including public
utilities, in each city; other quotations secured directly from records. Rentals are based on 250 to 950 houses and apartments in each city, and for each item of clothing,
furniture, and miscellaneous, four quotations are secured in each city (five in New York City).




150

WHOLESALE PRICES.
Table 97.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data front Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
WHOLESALE PRICE INDEX NUMBERS. (Revised.) 3
(Compiled by U. 8. Department of Labor.)

YEAS AND
MONTH.

Farm
products.

Food,
etc.

Fuel
Cloths
and
and
clothing. lighting.

Metal
and
metal
products.

FARM PRICES.*

RETAIL
FOOD
House
Building Chemi- furnlsh- Miscel- All com- PRICES.'
mate- cals and
laneous. modilni
ties.
drugs.
rials.

Live

Crops.

stock.

Relative to 1913.
1913 mo. av..
1914 mo. a v..
1915 mo. av..
1916 mo. av..
1917 mo. av..
1918 mo. av..
1919 mo. av..
1920 mo. av..
1921 mo. av.,
1922 mo. av.

100

1OO

103

1OO

134

100

127

126

162

120

181

106

100
95
95
121

100

102

104

105

123

121

100
85
99

100
92
94

100
11
0

100
100

100

100

100

98

102

108

101

101

110

127

114

124

100
103
95
111

190

167

175

169

231

157

202

125

148

177

146

208

164

,218

188

228

170

187

172

215

153

156

194

167

224

192

231

207

253

181

162

201

169

184

175

206

186

234

198

218

220

295

241

192

264

200

254

196

226

203

238

168

124

144

180

199

129

165

136

195

128

147

153

109

107

133

138

181

218

122

168

124

176

117

149

142

113

111

124

142

178

181

116

156

131

179

118

141

153

110

101

124

140

180

189

116

159

131

180

118

142

153

104

121

139

180

197

114

163

129

178

119

141

152

98

92

120

136

180

199

113

158

127

178

121

140

150

97

91

122

131

176

112

157

124

178

117

138

142

131

135

174

191

110

156

123

177

117

141

142

105

108

130

137

172

191

109

155

125

175

117

142

139

112

117

129

137

171

194

113

156

124

175

116

143

139

115

115
118

1921.
September..
October
November..
December..
1922.
January....
February...
March
April
May....
June
July . . .
August.
September..
October
November..
December..

95

132

138

175

216

119

160

122

176

116

148

139

118

131

140

179

225

120

167

122

176

114

150

141

119

119

135

142

180

254

121

170

121

173

114

155

142

118

119

131

138

181

271

126

172

122

173

115

155

139

114

112

133

138

183

244

134

180

124

173

116

153

140

110

109

138

140

188

226

135

183

124

176

120

154

143

110

110

143

143

192

218

133

185

127

179

122

156

145

118

105

145

144

194

216

131

185

130

182

122

156

147

123

104

143

141

196

218

133

188

131

184

124

156

144

126

106

142

141

199

212

139

192

132

184

126

157

142

130

107

143

143

201

206

149

198

135

185

127

159

142

134

106

141

144

205

200

154

204

136

187

126

159

143

139

107

139

144

201

190

152

202

134

187

125

156

143

140

105

138

142

198

186

148

194

131

187

123

153

144

139

100

135

141

193

183

145

190

128

187

121

151

147

136

102

139

142

193

178

145

186

127

183

120

150

146

144

147

202

176

144

182

128

183

121

154

149

138

109

144

143

199

172

142

182

129

183

120

153

150

139

103

1933.
January
February...
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.
September.,
October
November..
December..

102

» Wholesale prices ana retail food prices from the U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics; farm prices from the U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau,
of Agricultural Economics.
2 The revised wholesale price index number of the V. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, is based on quotations of 404 commodities. These commodities
are arranged in 9 groups as given in the table. In computing this index, the price of each commodity is weighted by multiplying it by the estimated quantity of that
article marketed in the census year 1919. For comparable yearly data for the period 1890 to 1921, see the Monthly Labor Review 'for September, 1922, p. 4G; and for comparable monthly data for period 1913 to 1922, see the Monthly Labor Review for July, 1922, p . 60.
3
The retail food price index compiled by the Bureau of Labor Statistics represents the changes in the price of 22 articles of food as reported by retail dealers in 51 of
the larger cities as of the 15th of the month.
< As of the 15th of each month. Farm prices represent the relative average prices to farmers of the 10 leading crops and leading live stock respectively.




151
WHOLESALE PRICES.
Table 98.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
C O M P I L E D B Y F E D E R A L R E S E R V E B O A R D . (Revised.)

Agricul- Animal
ConMineral Total raw Producers' sumers'
Forest
tural
products. products. products. products. products. goods. 2 goods.2

All commodities.

DUN'S.

BRADSTItEET'S

YEAR AND MONTH.

300
21
117
21
11
35
88
404
199
quotations quotations. quotations. quotations. quotations. quotations. quotations. quotations. commodities.

96

commoditias.

Relative to 1913.
1913 monthly average.
1914 monthly average.
1915 monthly average.
1916 monthly average.
1917 monthly average.

100
102
112
130
211

100
103
98
119
174

1OO
92
90
102
135

100
92
97
138
191

100
99
101
126
187

100
92
97
143
184

100
11
0
102
119
163

100
98
101
127
177

100
101
105
123
199

1OO
97
107
12S
170

243
250
255
134
145

203
221
186
110
125

157
211
312
166
185

181
180
236
185
208

205
218
229
142
15t»

181
179
214
135
128

191
211
231
159
151

194
206
226
147
149

190
191
207
141
142

203
203
204
123
132

May
June
July....
August.

134
126
122
123

106
103
113
114

159
158
155
152

186
178
172
169

140
135
135
135

137
133
128
125

156
153
154
157

145
142
141
142

138
137
132
135

117
115
116
120

September.
October
November.
December..

141
135
130
130

105
107
103
103

154
162
175
169

168
174
178
179

137
138
137
137

126
126
125
125

155
154
153
151

141
142
111
140

134
134
135
136

120
121
123
123

January...
February.
March
April

130
140
141
145

109
121
122
120

167
166
165
167

178
177
178
180

139
146
147
148

123
118
120
122

146
148
150
149

138
141
142
143

136
136
140
137

123
124
126
125

May....
June
July
August.

152
146
147
138

122
123
130
127

174
186
188
191

202
211
241
261

157
159
171
173

125
127
129
129

150
151
154
149

148
150
155
155

139
140
144
143

127
129
131
131

September.
October
November.
December..

136
147
160
161

132
132
129
128

199
204
207
210

236
218
209
208

168
166
166
167

132
135
136
135

150
152
155
157

153
154
156
158

142
145
151
153

131
136
145
150

January...
February.
March
April

164
170
174
172

125
123
123
123

215
220
227
232

213
207
202
198

168
167
167
166

136
141
148
150

155
155
156
157

156
157
159
159

153
154
15S
160

149
149
151
151

May....
June
July....
August.

167
165
154
152

122
119
120
125

226
215
209
203

189
184
179
177

161
158
153
153

148
144
141
137

156
155
154
154

156
153
151
150

159
158
156
154

148
145
142
139

September..
October. ...
November..
December..

163
172

131
122

196
197

176
171

158
155

139
139

158
159

154
153

155
15S
158

140
142
143

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly
1922 monthly

average.
average.
average.
average.
average.
1931.

1932.

1923.

1
First eight columns give the revised wholesale price index numbers of the U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, as rcclassified by the Federal Reserve
Board into the groupiugs as shown. The weights are the same as those used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the total of all commodities is therefore the same as the
revised 1 )epartment of Labor index. Dun's and BradstreeVs index numbers are calculated as of the first of each month, but really refer to prices in the preceding month;
the index numbers have been calculated to a 1913 base from the actual figures as published in these journals. BradstreeVs index is the sum of prices per pound of tho
commodities, while Dun's is weighted by the amount "annually consumed by each inhabitant."
2
The term "consumers' goods" in general applies to those commodities which because of their finished condition are ready for consumption; the term "producers'
goods" applies to those products which are essentially still m the raw state or semifinished condition requiring additional manufacture.




152
EMPLOYMENT BY GROUPS OF INDUSTRIES.
Table 99.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data front Government sources.1
[Base year In bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

INDUSTRY GROUP.
Total,
14
groups
(1,428
factories).

YEAR AND MONTH.

Food
and
kindred
products.

Textiles
and
their
products.

Iron Lum- Leather
and
ber
and
steel
and its fin- Paper
and
and
its
ished printtheir manu- proding.
prodfacucts.
ucts.
ture.

Metal
and
VehiChem- Stone, metal
cles
LiqToclay, prod- bacco
icals
Rail- Miscelfor
uors
laneucts
and
and
way
land
and
ous
other glass other manu- trans- repair indusbever- prod- prod- than
facages. ucts.
ture. porta- shops. tries.
iron
ucts.
tion.
and
steel.

Relative to 1921.
100.0

100.0

100.0
110.9

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

108.9

103.6

52.6

104.9

100.0
118.9

100.0

97.2

100.0
116.5

100.0

104.2

121.3

102.3

150.8

99.4

95.2

104.4
103.4
101.8
101.4

103.5
101.5
98.7
95.7

87.5
95.0
93.3
96.7

126.9
117.5
109.8
101.2

103.1
105.2
105.6
100.9

79.4
85.5
87.0
-91.2

106.0
103.9
100.9
99.6

120.7
113.8
114.3
114.7

113.0
106.2
104.1
101.7

109.3
107.1
104.1
100.8

104.9
105.2
100.5
98.2

93.9
92.3
100.2
92.9

60.6
72.0
92.3
113.0

103.5
96.6
94.4
87.9

118.9*
115.7
110.1
108.8

100.9
97.9
96.9
97.9

95.0
95.7
94.4
101.5

99.2
100.3
101.9
103.0

98.7
93.0
85,9
87.9

98.0
97.5
97.7
95.0

95.1
100.6
106.4
111.1

100.0
99.8
100.0
98.6

116.9
122.6
108.3
99.3

101.6
95.8
94.0
93.1

102.8
105.7
80.4
85.2

98.2
96.1
94.4
99.5

87.8
99.1
101.9
105.9

117.2
111.7
116.3
112.8

96.2
90.7
99.7
105.3

103.5
97.0
95.4
93.1

99.1
100.1
100.5
95.8

105.2
105.9
103.8
98.4

104.7
105.5
105.7
107.0

90.2
94.8
96.9
97.6

95.9
97.9
101.8
102.0

110.0
111.7
110.0
112.0

95.6
95.5
99.5
100.7

67.8
96.8
75.9
56.9

95.5
98.0
99.3
97.7

92.5
104.2
104.6
103.2

100.6
102. S
96.3
103.3

105.0
107.6
110.0
103.3

112.5
109.3
112.3
69.8

108.1
114.7
107.3
100.5

92.5
88.9
88.2
87.8

99.8
100.4
102.9
103.7

100.2
101.2
100.0
96.0

106.7
99.2
97.0
89.7

95.5
97.6
102.7
108.6

101.6
101.3
105.9
106.4

116.2
116.3
110.9
101.8

101.0
100.8
101.2
99.3

57.6
61.1
57.9
56.9

98.5
99.5
98.2
100.0

102.1
107.0
108.9
117.4

108.2
109.5
114.9
117.3

100.6
100.7
102.1
101.6

110.7
117.8
127.7
141.0

96.5
100.6
102.1
100.5

89.3
89.8
93.5
92.4

107.0
110.5
110.9

in. 5

98.9
104.3
108.9
105.6

90.7
91.8
93.6
93.5

113.5
118.0
119.3
120.4

109.7
112.4
114.1
111.5

97.8
97.9
104.0
108.5

100.1
101.0
104.7
103. 9

56.4
57.5
50.5
54.2

100.2
101.6
102.4
108.1

122.7
121.6
113.7
122.9

119.1
122.1
127.7
124.9

98.7
101.5
101.3
102.2

150.8
166.9
170.2
167.8

105.1
107.7
76.5
77.8

92.8
94.5
94.5
96.0

113.3
116.7
119.4
120.4

108.1
109.2
111.4
107.9

98.2
99.8
102.4
103.6

123.7
129.2
132.9
136.4

112.4
115 6
119.0
117.9

109.6
111.4
117.6
115.1

104.3
106.2
109.6
110.9

47.1
46.7
46.0
40.5

108.4
112.3
114.2
115.9

122.2
133 1
127.4
127.9

124.1
127.3
131. 6
131.2

108.3
104 1
103.4
102.7

157.3
162 7
166.3
164. 5

96.4
107.4
109.0
114.1

97.6
99.3
100.9
102.0

February
March
April

124.3
128 2
130.6
130.8

107.4
107.5
108.1
106.0

104.0
110.6
112.0
111.6

140.7
143.1
147.5
146.9

119.1
121.1
124.3
128.6

121.9
122.0
122.1
117.9

113.3
112.2
109.5
111.1

40.4
41.2
42.5
45.1

115.4
118.3
119.2
120.4

119.6
131.9
138.4
142.5

135.8
139.7
142.5
142.0

101.4
100.4
98.7
9S. 5

186.2
197 1
202.4
208.9

118.4
118 9
120.1
119.8

103.0
108.1
110.1
109. 5

May
June
July
August

131.3
130. 9
130. 9
130.3

105.6
108.6
111.0
111.0

111.1
109.8
103.2
104.0

149.5
149.3
149.9
151.1

125 1
124 7
125 3
125 0

113.8
119 4
114.4
116 5

112.1
107.2
111.9
111.9

46.0
48 2
83 0
82,3

120.9
119.2
121.5
118.8

144 8
142 5
142.7
154 9

141 7
140 8
140. 7
138 6

96.0
96 7
95.4

210 0
203 7
200 1

96 5

198 7

118 9
119 9
122 8
123 6

110.1
111.1
111.5
111.4

September
October
November
December

130 2
129.9

110 5
115.8

105 4
101.6

149 0
149.0

123 0
123 2

115 6
115 7

110 3
110.6

so o

117 5
119.1

155 0
J 47 2

141 0
1-10 6

98 1
99 6

197 5
196 9

123 6
120 7

112 9
113 3

1921 monthly average... 100.0
1922 monthly average... 109.7
1921.
Fobruarv
March
April

.

May
June
July

.....

. - .....

Septomber
November
December

...

1922.
January
February

. ...

April
May
July
August
September
October
November
December.

.

....

1923.




69 5

See footnote on opposite page.

EMPLOYMENT BY GROUPS OF INDUSTRIES.
Table 100.—NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

INDUSTRY GROUP.

Y E A R AND MONTH.

Total,
14
groups
(1,428
factories).

Food
and
kindred
products.

Textiles
and
their
products.

Iron
and
steel
and
their
products.

Lumber
and
Its
manufacture.

Leather and
its
finished
products.

Liq- ChemPaper uors icals
and and and
print- bever- other
ing. ages, products.

Metal !
and
Stone, metal i To- Vehicles
clay,
Rail- Miscel| bacco for
and
way
land repair laneous
glass
industransprod- than ufac- porta- shops. tries.
ucts. iron ture. tion.
and
steel.

Number of employees on pay roll.
1921 monthly average-.
1922 monthly average.

1,559,316 131,251 255,580 349,718 23,286 49,625 49,899 1,447 75,022 13,810 75,928 30,110 154,793 61,027 J87,48O
761 78,722 16,421 92,124 30,797 233,446 I 60,684 273,755
1,710,665 136,766 248,361 407,264 25,827 55,045 51,686

1921.
January...
February.
March
April

1,628,134

May.
Tune.

1,573,538

1,612,611
1,587,786
1,580,749

1,527,124

July

i 1,510,210

August

1,526,479

September.
October....
November.
December..

1,544,529
1,560,155
1,567,374
1, 493,107

135,940
133,285
129,688
125,725

223,705
242,854
238,542
247,137

443,754 24,018 39,385 52,865 1,747
410,773 24,507 42,441 51,838 1,646
383,794 24,599 43,185 50,371 1,654
353,739 23,496 45,236 49,693 1,660

124,810
125,711
123,871
133,321

253,743
256,319
260,460
263,257

344,958
325, 257
300,441
307,167

22,814
22,679
22,736
22,097

138,086 267,661
139,082 i 269,567
136,275 270,147
129,215 273,568

315,309
331,533
338,817
341,077

i 22,309
22,765
23,680
23,733

47,178 49,916
49,936 ! 49,802
52,781 49,878
| 55,117 49,177

1,691
1,758
1,551
1,421

84,803
79,676
78,116
76,291

15,102
14,787
14,378
13,921

79,664
79, 887
76, 282
74,574

28,279 93,852 63,118
27,797 111,536 58,911
30,176 142,878 57,584
27,980 174,864 53,616

76,186
71.858
70,503
69.859

14,197
14,596
11,110
11,770

74,571
72,963
71,663
75,540

26,438
29,825
! 30,666
31,904

181,474
172,8S2
180,148
174,628

58,100
54,710
60,225
63,648

297,462

65,317
69,398
65,477
61,285

265,960

54,593
55,440
54,599
55,603

47,6S6
965 j 71,673
| 47,655 1,385 | 73,520
! 49,637 1,082 j 74,508
50,271
808 j 73,267

12,782
14,389
14,446
14,245

76,394
78,050
73,130
78,417

31,633
32,395
33,122
31,104

174,131
169,248
173,779
108,091

57,692
57,714
55,016
50,506

341,902
332,672
316,539
312,817

278, 828
274,177
267,573

255.728
253,675
252,423

1922.

January...
February.

1,556,507
; 1,565,401

March

I 1,604,959

April..

. 1,616,834

May
June
July
August

i 1.068,988
j 1,722,392
1,729,826
1,737.931

September.
October
November.
December..

131,534
132,852
131,316
126,112

272,619 333,947 23,659
253,467 341,203 24,281
247,956 359,133 24,663
229,163 379,695 24,790

j 50,403
50,318
\ 50,493
; 49,546

818
868
822
808

73,865
| 74,621
' 73,690
| 75,018

14.096 80,671
14,777 83,142
15,041 87,226
16,207 89,073

30,301
30,307
30,748
30,593

| 171,295
| 182,444
! 197,689
j 218,245

129, S52

231,753 396,654 25,537 4S,527 49,938
234,716 412,704 26,176 48,570 | 50,377
239,342 417,180 26,576 51,590 ; 52,235
239,000 420,901 25,964 53,834 ! 51,866

800
816
802
784

! 75,170
76,199
76,794
| 81,109

16,942
16,800
15.097
16,972

90,443
92,724
9(5,934
94,861

29,709
30,558
30,511
30,779

I 242,691 64,131 266,841
258,443 | 65,737 271,577
263,398 I 46,655 271,666
I 259,722 ! 47,440 276,005

682
676
665
586

I 81,304 16,874
j 84,250 18,383
i 85,679 17,600
86,969 17,657

91,208
96,652
99,946
99,608

32,616
31,361
31,140
30,933

j 243,490 | 58,802 280,700
251,787 i 65,502 285, 428
! 257,502 [ 66,503 290,128
| 254,652 69,619 293,360

584
596
615
653

86,554
| 88,736
i 89,464
I 90,356

136,995
140,447
138,691

1,766,599 141,984 250, 858
1,819,466 | 143,354 255,081
1,862,433 | j 146,315 261,620
1,876,645 | 141,738 264,752

432,4*0 | 26,170 54,377
451,828 26,922 j 55,276
464, 563 27,720 58,345
476, 873 27,464 57,096

1,93S, 447
1,99S, 923
2,036,643
2,039,622

491,812
500,214
515,744
513,637

52,054
52,966
54,703
55,338

S

58,898 25"., 709
j 61,35025S,057
j 62,283 26S, 803
61,288 265,790

i

1923.
January
February
Ma re I
April.

140,957
141,216
142,017
139, 227

266,297
282,721
286, 084
285, 082

27,740
28,200
28,943
29,946

60,495 56,555
60,567 56,013
60,595 54,659
58,499 55,417

16,522 103,092
106,095
I 18,211
19,114 108,190
19,677 107,786

30,525 288,300
30,216 303.492
29,719 311,777
29,669 321,899

72,284
72,555
73,263
73,119

296.729
I 310,691
'• 316,459
; 314,655

I

May....
June
July....
August.

2,047,150 | 138,648 284,029 522,869 29,129
2,040,827 | 142,569 280,641 521,991 29,029
2,041,250 145,651 276,573 521,321 29,168
2,031,884 j 145,731 265,882 528,321 29,114

September.
October
November.
December..

2,029,618
2,025,847

145, 079 269,326
151,953 259,582

56,458 55,945
59,263 53,483
56,793 55,855
57,826 55,839

521,075 28,646 57,3S4
521,244 28,678 57,403

55,040
55,210

666 j 90,213
698 89,422
1,201 91,137
1,191 j 89,143

1,005

19,906
19,674
19,700
21,394

107,648
106,924
106,835
105,241

28,904
29,103
28, 720
29,062

323,594
315,304
309,725
307,565

72,556
| 73,181
| 74,933
| 75j444

HS, 129 21, 403 107,044 29,543 305,714 j 75,436
89,386 20,323 106,741 29,996 | 304,864 73,653

316,495
319,485
320,638
320,111
324,632
325,809

1
Data from U. S. Department of Labor, Employment Service, as compiled from reports of 1,428 identical factories each month; industries are grouped according to classification in the census of manufactures.




154

LABOR.
Table 101.—INDEX

NUMBEES.

Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
FACTORY EMPLOYMENT.
Total pay
roll.

Employees on pay roll.
YEAR AND
MONTH.

United New
States.^ Y

Illinois.

Detroit.

Average weekly
earnings.

1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

mo.
mo.
mo.
mo.
mo.

1918 mo.
19-19 mo.
1920 mo.
1921 mo.
1922 mo.

1921.

1920.

1915.

1922.5

1915.6

Relative to

Relative to 1913.

1916.

1922.">

1914.

1914.

112
160
198

1OO
103
116
131

106
125
146

1OO
105

100
113

258
284
342
191
210

188
188
226
206
201

186
209
254
202
196

112
116
122
101
100

103
121
126

105
128
136

100
107
141
166

128
120
124
97
105

140
136
135
94
1€7

210
227
281
201
211

100

100
110

1921.
May
June
July
August
September.
October
November.
December..

100
101
96

1922.
January—
February..
March
April

100
100
103
104

May
June
July
August
September.
October
November.
December..
1923.
January
February..
March
April
May
June
July
August
September.
October
November.
December..

106.6
111.4

100
55
91

United States
citizens.

Alien.

100

av.
av.
av.
av.
av.
av..
av..
av..
av..
av..

1914.

IMMIGRATION AND
EMIGRATION.

PassAverports
Emage
Wis- Mas- New TVis- New Wis- Mas- ployees hourly Immi- Emi- Arriv- Deis- 11
con- sachu- York.' con- York.* con- sachu- on pay comgragraparals. tures. sued.
sin. setts.* roll.? pensa- tion.' tion.^
sin. setts."
tion^

Rela- Rela- Rela- Rela- Rela- Rela- Rela- Rela- Rela- Rela- Relative to tive to tive to tive to tive to tive to tive to tive to tive to tive to tive to
May,
6
. 1921.

RAILWAY
EMPLOYMENT.

51OO

26
25

1OO
104
63
39
24

1OO
94
41
46
33

1OO
82
30
34
47

1OO
87
99
99
100

168
202
242
241
224

15
17
44
49
37

32
35
70
68
40

27
44
69

93
41
70
78
81

242
418
684
5S7
587

225

69
49
39
41

59
80
74
75

73
111

63
107
112
95

918
777
564
481

147
92
61
59

120
86
61

425
385
373
366

49
71

52
63
70
87

373
383
775
1,125

99
117
176
71

391

78

106.0

64
62
67
66

91.5
88.6
89.4
92.0

201
196
189
190

191.6
177.0
166.8
185.5

207
206
202
204

209.4
199.7
186.7
201.6

112.1
109.2
108.2
103.9

65
63
64
34

93.5
94.4
93.9
94.5

194
195
193
198

179.6
181.6
176.5
179.2

201
197
195
200

192.0
192.4
188.0
189.7

104
106
105

226
225
228
228

38
26

90
76
58
67

97
100
101
100

105.5
105.7
107.4
107.0

64
69
75
85

95.6
96.5
99.5
101.9

191
195
200
194

167.9
184.5
186.7
193.1

175.6
191.2
187.6
189.5

94
94
95

230
235
228
228

15
21
25

31
28
31
49

107
110
111
111

101
103
103
105

110.4
114.9
110.1
111.2

96
102
103
99

104.7
109.5
107.3
108.6

200
205
204
212

206.3
219.3
199.9
216.7

196
194
197
194
197
200
198
201

102
89
97

225
225
216
214

31
30
45
46

45
53
60
38

113
117
120
120

107
110
113
115

113.0
114.9
117.2
119.0

93
99
102
104

110.1
111.1
116.4
120.1

100.0
101.9
105.1
104.4

221
227
237
243

220.6
229.2
247.1
251.3

206
205
209
211

200.3
208.3
212.3
209.3

100.0
94.6
104.0
105.5

104
110
111
109

220
218
222
225

56
60
56
37

34
35
34
37

223
141

62
65
51
52

344
323
322
338

124
128
131
131

114
116
119
118

118.9
122.2
124.8
125.7

114
120
125
128

120.7
124.7
125.5
127.3

105.3
104.9
105.5
104.3

241
241
257
257

245.0
261.6
263.9
269.9

210
207
216
216

203.0
210.0
210.4
212.3

107.8
108.4
110.5
109.6

108
108
110
112

223
228
221
222

32
33
45
55

23
17
21
27

64
82
106
100

54
71
65
64

439
282
539
828

131
131
131
130

117
116
115
114

126.6
127.3
126.8
128.4

130
125
124
119

123.9
124.4
128.4
126.7

104.1
101.7

261
260
256
249

280.1
280.1
267.8
280.1

221
223
221
217

226.5
225.6
208.9
221.2

120.1
119.4

115
117
119
120

220
220
222
220

56
49
83
86

32

37

86
79
84
136

69
100
133
92

1,171
958
567
424

130
130

115
121

127.6

121
121

123.1
120.9

253
259

272.2
276.0

220

221.2
228.5

91

32

84

54

361
349

101
98
97

100.0
95
93
93

99
102

197.2
200.4
186.3
199.5

35
44

91
128

See footnotes on opposite page also.
1
Except railway employment from the Bureau of Railway Economics and Detroit employment from the Employers7 Association of Detroit. Data on employment in
1,428 United States factories, compiled by United States Department of Labor, Employment Service; data on New York State factories furnished by the New York Department of Labor; Wisconsin factories by the Wisconsin Industrial Commission; Massachusetts factories from the Massachusetts Department of Labor and Industries, Division of
Statistics; total immigration and emigration statistics from U. S. Department of Labor .Bureau of Immigration: arrivals, departures, and passports issued from the U. S
Department of State, Division of Passport Control; index of Illinois employment from" The Employment Bulletin/' published by the Illinois Department of Labor. For
figures on unemployment in Pennsylvania, compiled monthly from April, 1921, through July, 1923, now discontinued, see August, 1923 issue (No. 24), pages 160 and 161.
3 Information is from 1,428 factories, usually employing over 500 workers each.




155
LABOR.
Table 102.—NXJMEEICAI DATA.
Based on data from Government sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
RAILWAY
EMPLOYMENT.

FACTOBY EMPLOYMENT.

IMMIGRATION AND EMIGRATION.

United
States.*

Average
weekly
Total
United States
Aliens.
citizens.
pay roll. earn- Employ- Average
hourly
ings.
ees o n compay roll.* pensaNew
tion^
DeparImmi- EmigraDetroit. York New York State.'
gration.9 tion.^ Arrivals. tures*
State.*

Number.

Number.

Employees on pay roll.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Thousands.

Thousands of
dollars.

12.48

1916 m o n t h l y average.

478
494
579

1917 m o n t h l y average.

GU4

1918 m o n t h l y average.

614

Dollars.

Thousands.

Number.

Dollars.
118,936

50,994

24,600

30,069

52,817

23,238

24,580

32,015

10,161

8,954

20,067

11,208

10,321

12,198

8,187

14,161

16,106

6,564

27,909

.618

116,923
36,187
30,562
30,240
17,654
19,752
51,798
57,804
43,641

18,019

10,839

12,247

35,672

17,038

21,102

34,463

19,272

23,340

20,192

24,296

24,209

1,954
1,693
1,093
1,927
3,135
4,735
8,163
13,374
11,474
11,463

.631
.621
.625
.622
.630
.630

82,648
57,803
46,367
48,707
48,814
45,975
44,648
30,897

30,029
40,950
37,791
38,352
45,752
38,956
29,646
34,130

16,234
16,240
17,841
27,313
36,130
22,518
14,910
14,399

18,868
32,202
33,566
28,549
35,953
25,868
18,414
20,385

17,939
15,177
11,024
9,389
8,314
7,517
7,280
7,145

.635
.649
.628
.629

22,633
17,643
24,539
29,166

15,585
14,423
15,696
24,962

12,057
17,573
21,884
19,889

15,519
19,061
20,993
26,197

7,281
7,465
15,142
21,979

.620
.621
.595
.590

36,236
53,242
55,033

23,147
26,944
30,834
19,499

19,837
19,212
22,279
31,407

29,643
35,329
53,069
21,364

24,448
18,179
9,503
7,637

.606
.603
.614
.620

67,016
71,192
66,130
43,984

17,261
17,847
17,279
18,830

54,766
34,678
21,251
16,720

18,668
19,546
15,354
15,761

6,723
6,309
6,288
6,597

.615
.629
.609
.611

38,253
38,760
53,330
65,135

11,502
8,844
10,630
13,763

15,645
20,217
26,181
24,563

16,120
21,257
19,583
19,209

6,990
5,508
10,524
16,170

.607
.612
.607

66,854
58,477
98,581
101,974

16,334
17,973
22,254
18,756

21,161
19,377
20,637
33,510

20,603
30,067
39,898
27,744

22,885
18,710
11,074

107,652

16,318

20,637

16,318

7,063

1913-monthly average.

1921 m o n t h l y average.

1,559,316

97,845

464

1922 m o n t h l y average.

1,710,663

161,260

500

£,943
6,377
8,366
9,892
12,481
13,490
16,711
11,943
12,524

1,573,538
1,527,124
1,510,210
1,526,479
1,544,529
1,560,155
1,567,374
1,493,107

113,406
110,331
118,803
116,789
115,975
111, 403
113,136
60,951

461
453
444
443
461
472
471
471

11,929
11,641
11,219
11,280
11,550
11,571
11,465
11,744

25.86

1,576

25.71

1,586

1,556,507
1,565. 401
1,601,959
1,616,834

113,099
121,763
132,620
151,000

464
478
484
478

May
June
July
August..

1,668,988
1,722,392
1, 729, 826
1,737,931

170,126
180,971
183,494
176,640

September.
October
November.
December..

1,766,599
1,819,466
1,862,433
1,876,645

1914 m o n t h l y average.
1915 m o n t h l y average.

1919 m o n t h l y average.

573

177633

1920 m o n t h l y average.

594

12.85
14.43
16.37
23.50
23.50
28.15
25.72
25.04

1,647
1,733
1,842
1,913
2,013
1,661
1,645

Passports
issued.11

.276
.313
.463
.557
.'667
.665

1921.
May
June
July
August
September.
October
November.
December..

1922.

January...
February.
March
April

January...
February.
March
April

1923.

May
June
July....
August..

i

September..
October
November.
December..

25.26

1,635

25.43

1,680

25.07

1,718

24.53

1,754

24.32

1,732

24.91

1,637

11,330
11,563
11,901
11,546

24.43

1,552

24.17

1,545

24.57

1,570

24.15

1,578

482
490
490
501

11,857
12,199
12,136
12,580

24.59

1,628

24.91

1,685

24.77

1,468

25.10

1,594

165,015
175,147
181,325
184,022

511
528
540
548

13,145
13,514
14,061
14,460

1,938,447
1,998,923
2,036,643
2,039,622

202,959
213,790
221,139
227,344

547
554
567
566

14,341
14,329
15,262
15,276

2,017,150
2,040, 827
2,041,250
2,031,884

229,971
222,045
220,099
210,506

560
555
551
546

15,484
15,460
15,184
14,816

2,029,618
2,025,847

214,590
214,555

549
556

15,039

27.41

15,406

27.73

25.71

1,709

25.61

1,804

26.04

1,820

26.39

1,789

26.21
25.87

1,780
1,784

26.92

1,816

27.00

1,844

27.63

1,896

27.85

1,934

27.54

1,955

27.12

1,974

a Figures represent reports from 1;648 firms in New York State employing more than one-third of the factory workers of the State. The 1914 average upon which the
index numbers are calculated is an average of the 7 months, June to December, 1914, inclusive. As originally published by the New York Department of Labor, the index
numbers are based on June, 1914, and have been recalculated to the 7-month average.
4
The iudex numbers are computed on a chain relative basis from data received from an increating number of firms (202 in September, 1922, and 692 in June, 1923).
The chain relatives take account of percentage variation rather than absolute variation in the figures, and show the trends irrespective of the change in the number of firms
rep T
9
°o llpvitivn tn cjpnfoTnhnr 1 9
QO
Includes total admitted, both immigrants and nonimmigrants.
• M a i ve to firTtquarter ofl915.
!! i 1 1 ^ 8 t o t a l departed, both emigrants and nonemigrants.
* On 15th of month.
*
" Excludes passports issued to Government officials.
»Average hourly compensation represents the earnings of the railway employees on Class I carriers, excluding officers, averaged for the month.




156

WAGES,
Table 103.—INDEX BUHBBBS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
WAGES OF1 COMMON LABOR BY GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS
United
States
average.

YEAR AND MONTH.

New
Middle
England. Atlantic.

South
Atlantic.

East
South
Central.

West
South
Central.

East.
North
Central.

West
North
Central.

Mountain.

Pacific.

Relative to 1915.

1915 monthly average
1916 monthlv average
1917 monthly average
1918 monthly average
1919 monthly average
1920 monthly averaee
1921 monthly average
1922 monthly average

...

.

...

100
115
140
180
205
245
180
160

1OO
125
155
195
205
245
190
195

1OO
120
150
190
205
250
175
180

1OO
114
150
193
229
264
186
150

100
108
142
192.
233
267
208
167

1OO
106
131
175
225
250
175
150

100
114
138
186
205
252
167
148

100
112
136
180
212
248
180
124

1OO
112
138
169
181
212
177
142

100
108
138
173
200
231
192
185

175
150
158
175

150
150
144
138

95
124
143
138

128
116
108
124

123
138
131
131

177
181
181
177

120
120
128
128

135
142
146
150

181
185
188
192

1922.
January
February
March
April

140
140
145
150

165
180

155

164
107
121
136

May
June
July
August

150
160
165
170

175
190
190
210

165
165
180
185

150
150
164
179

158
175
175
183

138

III

152
143
157
162

September
October
November..
December

170
170
170
170

205
205
215
220

195
200
205
215

157
150
150
150

167
158
167
167

156
150
144
144

162
167
167
167

136
136
128
120

154
15-7
154
154

196
200
188
181

January
February
March
April

165
165
165
180

235
240
210
260

200
200
210
210

129
150
136
164

158
158
175
175

150
150
138
163

143
162
167
152

116
116
120
132

146
146
150
162

185
181
177
196

May

185
195
195
200

265
265
260
270

230
235
240
245

179
200
193
193

183
217
183
183

150
150
157
150

190
200
195
205

144
144
144
148

154
158
177
169

196
204
208
215

.
1923.

June
July
August
October




See footnotes on opposite page.

157

WAGES.
Table 104.—NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data front Government sources.1
(Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
W A G E S OF COMMON LABOR BY GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS.
United
States
average.

YEAH AND MONTH.

New
England.

Middle
Atlantic.

South
Atlantic.

East
South
Central.

West
South
Central.

East
North
Central.

West
North
Central.

Mountain.

Pacific.

26

Cents per hour.
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly
1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1919 monthly
1921 monthly
1922 monthly

20

20

20

14

12

16

21

25

26

23

25

24

16

13

17

24

28

29

28

28

31

30

21

17

21

29

34

36

36

36

39

38

27

23

28

39

45

44

45

41

average..
average..
average..
average..
average..
average..
average..
average-.

41

41

32

28

36

43

53

47

52

49

50

37

32

40

53

55

60

38

35

26

25

28

35

45

46

50

32

January..
February.
March
April

49

36

39

36

21

20

24

31

31

37

48

23
15

21
18

24

20

32

32

46

24

26

29

M

47

2S
28
29

17

19

23

30

27

34

47

30

May
June
July....
August.

33
36

19

21

22

29

31

34

46

30

30

33

21

19

22

32

38

33

21

21

26

30

33

38

36

23

21

24

33

32

US

34

42

37

25

25

34

32

39

50

34

September.
October
November.
Decem her..

35

32

41

39

22

25

34

34

40

51

20

47
48
49

34

41

40

21

19

24

35

34

41

52

3-1

43

41

21

20

23

35

32

40

49

34

44

43

21

20

23

35

30

40

47

33

47

40

18

19

24

30

29

3S

48

33

48

40

21

19

24

34

29

38

47

33

42

42

19

21

22

35

30

39

46

36

21

26

33

42

51

40

1923.
January
February
March
April

„
I

52

42

23

May..

37

53

46

25

June..

39

53

47

28

Julv\.

39

52

48

40

54

49

24

40

30

24

42

30

41

27

25

41

30

40

27

24

43

37

44

20

November.
December..
i

1
Complied by the B ureau of Public Roads, Department of A griculture. The current data beginning January, 1922, are complied directly from Federal aid project reporis.
B;uk daia have included reports on farm labor or other forms of common labor closely correlated as reported to the Department of Agriculture and the Department 0) Labor.




158

EMPLOYMENT AGENCY OPERATIONS.
Table 105.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

JOBS REGISTERED.

WORKERS REGISTERED.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Total.

Cen- South- WestEasttral j ern
ern
ern
States. States. States. States.

Total.

WORKERS PLACED.

East- Cen- South- Western
tral
ern
ern
i.
States. States. States, States.

Total.

East- Cen- South- Western
tral
ern
ern
States. States. States. States.

Applicants
per
job.

Relative to 6 months' average, July-December, 1921.

6 months' average, 1921..| 100
1922 monthly average... j 109

100
15
1

100
106

100

100

14
1

15
1

100
159

100
143

100
11
7

100
149

100
157

100
153

100
140

100
157

100
154

100
162

100
73

1921.
6

97

109

8 94

•100

«94

95

101

»97

6 94

6 84

90

102

102

100

• 104

93

99

101

97

•106

101

98

101

95

»103

99

104

101

September

101

105

<96

104

122

112

115

<105

101

128

114

109

« 105

117

137

90

October

109

104

110

94

122

120

105

119

145

131

108

106

116

109

91

91

97

97

101

85

85

92

98

94

84

83

98

103

98

98

93

105

124

79

79

84

78

76

76

85

90

81

91

85

119

131

July
August

,

November.
December..

85

1922.
55

92

76

108

70

81

85

116

95

85

95

February

102

98

102

85

119

85

85

100

115

87

103

79

106

81

110

March

115

112

117

99

102

119

125

120

114

111

129

134

127

133

129

97

April

105

109

106

113

138

139

149

142

115

128

124

135

144

113

76

May

130

187

114

136

111

186

165

215

146

164

177

157

195

159

167

70

June

128

119

128

180

115

216

166

245

279

192

202

160

218

253

202

60

July

118

123

110

114

153

182

159

193

153

195

169

145

174

168

187

65

August..

115

115

112

107

137

192

153

218

138

201

180

146

191

145

206

60

182 |
198

January

243

54

187

235

56

170

158

155

64

127

127

99

137

156

103

74

139

147

121

61

132

148

143

146

55

152

139

164

142

145

51

191

205

176

227

183

203

50

151

171

144

183

216

163

54

September.

112

123

102

117

143

205

187

206

173

236

190

166

October

120

129

112

125

136

212

188

230

191

212

199

173

November.

104

108

103

117

93

161

147

182

146

140

159

142

December..

85

99

70

93

69

123

131

134

121

90

122

133

January...

101

113

100

123

74

136

153

144

146

97

134

150

February.

87

104

84

115

59

144

146

156

144

114

135

138

March

84

93

81

96

73

153

146

164

149

138

143

April

88

95

88

95

73

172

161

197

157

137

May

116

128

116

122

91

228

208

259

220

June

9S

109

94

137

82

180

156

201

227

July
August..
September.

92

95

85

100

120

145

116

161

154

143

144

111

155

156

150

64

105

107

101

116

123

176

137

184

195

196

176

133

181

179

213

60

97

78

97

99

153

139

152

177

161

145

144

160

172

56

October
November.
December..




167

See footnotes o n opposite page.

159

EMPLOYMENT AGENCY OPERATIONS.
Table 106.—NUMERICAL DATA.
Data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

WORKERS REGISTERED.

WORKERS PLACED.

JOBS REGISTERED.

East- Cen- jSouth- WestEast- Cen- South- WestEast- Cen- South- Western
tral I ern
ern
tral
ern
tral
cm
em
ern
ern
Total.
Total.
Total. , ern
States. States. States. States.
States. States. States. States.
(States. States. States,1 States,

YEA.R AND MONTH.

Applicants
per
job.

Number.
6 months' average, 1921.. j 202,132
1922 monthly average...1 220,774

I
39,299 |124,700 14,060 | 24,068 |116,866
1
45,314 ! 131,828 15,972 | 27,660 186,283

1921.
July
August
September

196,306
206,368
204,940

42,913 2 116,713 14,028
39,149 |» 130,234 13,062
41,215 «119,919 14,559

<
22,652 |j 111,353 i! 30,353 51,694 *8,080 {;«21,226
23,923 118,415 ' 28,935 3 56,213 8,646 24,621
;
29,247
131,359 | 34,446 <55,874 8,680 32,359
!

95,427
107,354

October
November
December

220,052
195,322
189,S06

40,942
38,137
33,437

136,597
124,780
119,958

13,240
12,022
17,483

29,273
20,383
18,928

172,838
206,405
231,981
213,167

21,515
38,465
47,040
42,829

114,492
127,344
146,298
132,202

10,744 26,0S7
11,971 I 28,625
13,988 24,655
15,869 22,267

May
June
July
August

262,025
i 259,451
| 238,186
233 140

73,396
46,700
48.256
45.257

| 142,727
i 159,799
j 137,002
i 139,874

September
October
November
December

225,896
! 211,155
i 209,190
! 172,509

48,399 j 126,(119
50,516 140,233
42, 587 128,033
38,800 87,227

203,928
175, 807
169,217
178,158

44, 410 124,328
1,718
40, 722 104,718
36,441 101,577
37, 494 109,619

1922.
January
February
March
April

29,967

42,799

53,068
91,000

8,599 25,232 i 94,478 | i23,94l 43,072 6,835 20,630
12,817 39,675 ! 144,936 '! 33,479 j 67,500 10,494 33,462

1.73
1.26

I!

,
,
,
,

! 23,464 j2 41,745 * 5,924 |e 18,467
22,707 ; 44,531 6,760 | 21,429
3
26,029 ;<45,091 7,969 | 28,265

i

7,460

139,953''<31,412 63,120
107,802 j 29,407 50;138
j
92,315 | 25,247 41,371
|

12,446
7,237
6,505

32,975
21,020
19,192

101,662
92,696
80,128

100,599 < 21,022
108,163 j! 25,379
139,055 t 37,445
161,768 41,673

43,004
45,139
63,776
78,938

7,301
8,630
9,840
12,247

29,272
29,015
27,994
28,910

92,924
82,513
122,227
120,763

22,821 j 36,608

j 217,382 , 49,365
i 252, 100 '49,813
j
i 212,581 • 47,536
i 224,235 ;! 45.757
j

114,100
129,878
102,672
115,930

166,757
191,301
159,884
169,711

37,544
38.323
34,804
35,033

19,131
25,281
10,081
15,053

26,771
27,665
36.787
32,954

16,406
17,597
16,517
13,023 i

34.442 II 239.751
32. S10
22,353
16,503

12,552 41,365
23,984 48,431
13,179 49, 187
11,872 ; 50, 774

I

179,644
14,872 I 59,673
1S7,949
24S,104
16,406 53,574
149,962
1SS,323
12,537 : 35,231
14!-!.265 | 39.222 70,993 J 10,378 ! 22,672 115,595
j
56,014 109,190
56,319 121,864
44, 010
90, 515

18,875

25,341 | 49,986 6,667 ! 19,211
24,568 j 42,250 6,230 I 17,533
21,537 34,828

1.76
1.74
1.56
1.57
1.81
2.06

26,971
16,614
26,524
23,219

1.72
1.91
1.67
1.32

10,879 34,521
17,298 41,600
11,453 38,672
9,941 42,412

1.21
1.03
1.12
1.04

I
39,749 78,250 ; 11,435 50.206
41,433 85,348 j 12,762 48.406
31,033 73, 238 ! 10,773 31,918
31,729 54,719 I 8,606 20,481

.94
.97
1.11
1.20

21,346
24,958
30,036
29,900

1.28
1.05
.95
.89

41.S47
33,534
31,028

.87
.94
1. 10
1.04

6,524
7,257
9,084
9,854

24,616 34,026
31,979 54,640
29,684 | 58,006
83,813
94,080
74,950
82,323

I

I
January
February
March
April

:

Muy
.111 no
July
August

September
October
November
December

233,007
19N, 524
i 180,049
' 214,215

I

173,255

50,124
42,767
37, 201
41,987

38,193

J 17,343
! 16,200
I
| 13,530
i 13,410

j
|
j
|
|

17,847 ;
14,167 ||
j
17,669 jj
17,(135 j;

I 17,101 j 21,97(1
* I
I

144,406
116,697 j 19,204 ! 19,85(1
106, 553
126,289 14,023 2S, N12
16,312 29,627
97,456 13,688 23,918

! 24,484
j 28,766
, 34,700
! 31,466

126,777
127,965
135,226
143,582

35,836
32, 9*3
31,608
33,1(14

58,947
59,965
(13,825
70,845

| 62,473 137,544
2(16, 999 ; 46,610 10(1,571
210,817 j 31,766 85,577
:
169,677
205,137 I 41,070 i 97,773

48, 0X5
38, 149
3(1, 071
49,506

194,0(10
161,555
135,SS4
165,910

42,150
34,392
27,323
31,850

97,580
78,83S
(16,867
77,892

178,347 i 41,629 j 80,802

15,288 40,628

159,002 ! 45,745 \ 76,253
167,866 || 43,707 ; 82,985
178,384 || 43,611 ! 87,281

200,692 ^ 4*,238 104,474

520
408
792
514

137,318 i 28,906

! 10
• 10
I 9,
j 9,
i
| 12,
; 14,
j 10,
I 12

j

43,9(17

61,906 | 10,949 35,557

.97

!
!

•

1
Compiled from weekly reports to the U. S. Department of Labor, Employment Service, by state and municipal employment agencies. Eastern states included in the
report are Connecticut, District of Columbia, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode Island (Delaware, Maryland, and Pennsylvania, now reporting, are
excluded to show true comparison^). Central states are Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota,
and Wisconsin. Southern states include Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Texas, and-Virginia. Western states include Arizona,
California, Colorado, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington; Montana is included beginning with March, its figures being so small as not to afi'oct the total.
* One week in July estimated for South Dakota.
* First two weeks in July estimated for Arkansas.
8
One week i n August estimated for Iowa and Michigan.
'First two weeks in July estimated for Washington.
* Month of September for South Dakota and one week for Iowa estimated.




160
OCEAN TRANSPORTATION,
Table 107,—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

Entered.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Ameri- Foreign.
can.

ForTotal. Ameri- eign.
can.

Total.

Coal.

All
Europe.

Fuel oil.

Relative to 1919.

100
88
113
129
141

average
average
average
average .
average

100
93
85
86
74

1OO
91
92
97
92

1OO
80
107
123
133

1OO
93
87
90
76

100
90
93
99
92

105 3
100.4
102.7
108.6
95.1

131
155
228
221
225

average
average
average
average
average

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly
1922 monthly

Loadings at
principal clearing ports.

Relative to
January, 1920.

Relative to 1913.

1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

FUEL
CONSUMPTION
BY VESSELS.

United
Kingdom.

Cleared

INDEX OF
OCEAN
FREIGHT
RATES.2
United States,
Atlantic ports
to-

i

VESSELS IN FOREIGNr TRADE.

65
63
82
79
85

82
86
120
117
122

125
167
227
201
211

68
68
87
84
85

84
95
126
116
120

36.0
25.5

76.3
100.0
129.2
104.2
56.8

41.8
37.0
33.5
32.4

36.0
32.3
28.8
27.2

84.5
77.8
68.6
74.5

192.7
193.7
1
185.6 |
200.3

31.7
34.7
33.1
27.3

27.1
29.1
28.3
25.4

62.8
59.5
68.7
66.4

199.1
207.3
224.1
232.1

27.9
27.5
28.8
29.2

25.7
25.7
25.9
24.6

69.6
60.4
53.3
43.1

217.7
244.6
223.6
228.6

27.0
25.3
28.0
27.1

23.4
22.7
24.0
24.4

43.1
4S.9
5rf. o
51.0

239.3
232.4
234.6
227.5

25.3
21.8
23.1
22.6

22.9
21.1
21.9
22.6

53.0
52.2
60.0
57.3

237.6
216.1
268.6
271.4

22.3
21.2
20.2
20.1

22.1
21.3
19.9
20.0

75.8
72.0
71.2
74.9

273.6
295.7
255.5
294.0

20.8
23.4

20.7
22.9

65.1
61.1

278.6
299.7

« 100.0
44.9
29.0

a oo.o

18.6
25 4 '
39.4
42.1
47.0
100.0
187.5
193.0
225.9

i
1921.
September
Octol)er
Novem'ber
December..

134
120

228
232

122
119

247
216

90
83

247

72

118

220

68

110

217

January
February
March..
April

85
79
71

109

195

80

112

167

164

60

89

93
107

148
174

90
108

75

184

191

67
83
77

109

244

80

123

210

79

115

222

90

125

210

94

126

271
259

105
107

149
147

244
232

102
101

141
138

239
289

106
89

141
142

244
269

106
86

145
137

272

83

133

276

87

139

209

September
October
November..
December.

88

70
80

184

May ..
June
July
August

59

156
181

78

113

171

82

107

172
130
160

86
72
88

109
87
107

150
127
145

83
78
88

102
92
104

165

84

105

163

88

109

1923.
J anuary
February
March.
April
May .
June...
July
August
September
October
November
December

*

217

105

134 i

204

104

132

223

102

134

212

137
149

209

107 i
134 i

148

205

12K

192

105

128

196

109

133

238

103

139

215

102

134

210

134

209

126

|

155

Sec footnotes on opposite page also.
1 Tonnago entered and cleared in foreign trade, and fuel loaded for consumption by outgoing vessels, from U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic
Commerce; index of ocean freight rates from the Federal Reserve Board Division of Research and Statistics.
2
The index of ocean freight rates represents rates to 7 ports in the United Kingdom and a total of 17 ports for all of Europe. The index numbers are weighted by
the geometric means of these rates. The weights include the relative importance of each port and also the relative import ante of the 5 principal products—grain, provisions,
cotton, cottonseed oil, and sack flour.




161

OCEAN TRANSPORTATION.
Table 108.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

FUEL CONSUMPTION BY
VESSELS.

VESSELS IN FOREIGN TRADE.

Entered.

Loading at
principal clearing
ports.

Cleared.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Ameri-

For-

eign.

Total.

American.

Foreign.

Total.

Coal.
Thousands of

Thousands of net tons.3

tons.

Fuel
oil.
Thousands of
barrels.

012 |

1913 mo. av.

1,174

3,264

4,440

1,250

3,233

4,483

1914 mo. av.

1,033

3,028

4,061

1,000

3,017

4,017

606

1915 mo. av.

1,233

2,768

4,101

1,340

2,826

4,166

620

297

1916 mo. av.

1,512

2,803

4,315

1,537

2,895

4,433

656

461

1917 mo. av.

1,658

2,416

4,074

1,666

2,467

4,133

574

492

1918 mo. av.

1,538

2,121

3,659

2,184

3,748

461

550

1919 mo. av.

1,828

2,084

3,892

2,189

4,271

604

r,i69

2,816

5,653

780

2,192

2,704

5,211

629

2,256

2,756

5,395

343

2,641

510
470
414
450

2,253
2,265
2,170
2,342

379
359
415
401

2,328
2,423
2,620
2,713
2,545
2, 859
2,614
2,673

1920 mo. av.

2,678

2,667

5,344

1921 mo. av.

2,592

2,590

5,182

1922 mo. av.

2,636

2,787

5,423

1,563
2,083
2,836
2,507
2,639

2,676

2,759

5,435

3,092

2,903

5,995

2,718

2,577

5,295

2,702

2,696

5,398

2,895

2,350

5,245

2,748

2,200

4,949

2,553

2,306

4,859

2,434

2,586

5,021

1,963

1,931

3,894

2,051

2,295

4,127

1,856

2,127

2,626

4,753

2,181

2,168

2,459

4,627

2,389

1,935
2,169
2,684
2,495

3,986

1,832

2,870

2,601
2,945

2,621
2,625
3,053
2,903

2,554
3,028
3,286
3,274

5,175

2,603

6,178

420
365
322
260

217

1921.

September
October
November
December
1922.
January...
February.
March
April
May
June
July
August..
September.
October
November.
December..
1923.
January...
February.
March
April
May
June
July
August..
September.
October
November.,
December..

,
,
,

4,025
4, 864
4,884

3,187

3,435

3,035

3,505

5,471
5,548
6,622
6,510

2,808

2,456

3,470
2,897
2,722
2, 562

6,278
6, 287
5,915
5,018

3,050
3,358
3,446
2,132

3,429
2,778
2,799
2,643

6,479
6,136
6,245
4,775

260
295
332
308

2,797
2,717
2,743
2,660

2,021

2,799

4,821

2,352

3,878

1,882

2,883

4,765

1,936

2,740

4,676

1,873
1,587
1,817
2,042

2,678
2,526
2,833
2,848

4,552
4,113
4,650
4,890

320
315
362
346

2,778

1,527

3,372

5,920
6,124
6,960
6,695

458
435
430
452

3,199

3,390
3,193

2,543

3,427

5,969

2,620

3,317

5,937

2,466

4,378

6,844

2,453

4,121

6,574

2,547
2,649
2,612
2,559

3,475
4,348
4,136

2,249

3,436

5,685

2,444

3,521

2,789

3,367

6,156

2,688

3,304

5,653
6,339

5,965
5,992

2,526
3,140
3,173

3,457
2,987
3,437
3,257
3,504

See footnotes on opposite page also.
• Net ton represents 100 cubic feet internal carrying capacity after prescribed allowances for crew and engine space,
* January, 1920.

68690°—23




11

162
RIVER AND CANAL CARGO TRAFFIC.
Table 109.—INDEX NUBIBEES.
Based on Data from Government and nori-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
SAULT
NEW
STE.
YORK
MARIE
STATE
CANALS.' CANALS.*

PANAMA CANAL.2

YEAR AND MONTH.

In
American In British
vessels.
vessels.

Total.

R e l a t i v e t o 1915.

1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average....
average
average
average
average

1918 monthlv
1919 monthly
1920 montlilv
1921 monthly
1922 monthly
1923 monthly

average....
average
average
average
average
average

CAPE
COD
CANAL.

OIIJO
RIVER.

Net

tonnage.

ShipGovernReceipts
ments
mentat
owned
St. Louis. St.from
Louis. barges.

Total
between
Pittsburgh
and
Lock 1 1 .

Relative
to 1910.

R e l a t i v e t o 1913.

MISSISSIPPI RIVER.

Total.

Total.

Total.

SUEZ
CANAL.

Relative
to 1919.

R e l a t i v e t o 1913.

1OO
100

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

80

50

103

89

71

42

112

1OO

45

120

39

Relative
to 1922.

1OO

69

Relative
to 1919.

141

5

39

71

63

115

62

67

154

144

113

50

04

96

119

154

107

45

124

126

85

141

80

48

1V5

208

129

192

99

55

237

169

230

01

220

151

223

83

501

224

407

29

145

59

231

IOO

152

10O
122

84

349

153

56

110

125

71

009

123

70

99

is;

7S

411

571

too

i
i

.1921.
September
October
November
I December

211

114

185

210

200

242

195

129

INN

190

210
234

05
07

124

117

,n

40

978

91

112

159

60

767

507
45S

33

121

97

142

94

685

3N8

10

17

95

151

49

658

076

1922.
January
February
M arch
April

198

151

198

78

20N

151

206

103

252

157

236

274

102

257

0

Mw

334

174

281

June
Julv
August

264

140

210

204

200
183

L'97
286

33
81
i«.
103

309

September
October
November. .
December

1

628

700

1

130

71X)

133

no

141
14,
105

25

352

645

f>3

90

162

340

651

43

1

19

42
!

|

61

171

151

839

790

72

01

70

132

144

427

795

92

79

140
152

181
S3

079
380

siy

So

597

70
S4

90

119

74

291

250

us

152

80

119

270

:

201

!

j

19!
102

.i
SO

298
350
357

230

355

206

4S3

242

350
377

425

222

391

115

150

526

205

384

84

151

641

212

470

132

182

10

753

278

537

74

168

100

084

690

179

May

824

249

555

02

101

170

97

9(58

888

201

June
Julv. .
August

772

253

515

74

68

143

89

S45

953

210

853

219

574

75

77

171

90

822

507

215

827

208

532

154

88

1,194

921

310

September
October
November
December

759

243

532

692

659

203,

113
95

70
'

130

149

87

311)

138

91

18

.77

31

425

170
450

None.

None.

427

None.

None.

60S

OS

682

' 108

1

1923.
January
February
March .
April

171

107
138
144
144

150

128
130

71

76

94

112

108

See footnotes on opposite page also.
1

P a n a m a Canal traffic reported b y The Panama Canal; Sault Ste. Marie Canal a n d Ohio R i v e r traffic, U. S. War Department, Engineer Corps; N e w Y o r k S t a t e canal
traffic from N-w York Stale Superintendent
of Public Work."-; ("ape Cod Canal traffic from Boston, Cape Cod & New York Canal Co.: Suez ("anal traffic from Le Canal dc Suez;
receipts a n d sliif m e n t s of cargo b y river a t St. Louis (almost all b y Mississippi R i v e r ) from Merchants Exchange of St. Louis; cargo t o n n a g e on G o v e r n m e n t - o w n e d barge
line from U.S. War Department, Mississippi-Warrior
service.
3
Represents t o n n a g e of cargo carried b y commercial vessels. Yearly figures refer t o fiscal years ending J u n e 30.
8
Figures for 1913 t o 1922 represent m o n t h l y averages for eight m o u t h s d u r i n g which t h e canals are usually open.




163

RIVER AND CANAL CARGO TRAFFIC.
Table 110.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

PANAMA CANAL.*

YEAR AND MONTH.

In
American
vessels.

In
British
vessels.

Total.

SAULT
NEW
CAPE
STE.
YORK
COD
MARIE
STATE CANAL.
CANAL.3 CANALS.*

Total.

Tons.

MISSISSIPPI RIVER.

OHIO
RIVER/

Shipments
from St.
Louis.

Total
between
Pittsburgh
and
Lock 11.

Receipts
at St.
Louis.

Total.

Total.

Thousands of
short tons.

Long tons.

SUEZ
CANAL.

Thousands
of
metric tons.

Governmentowned
barges.

Tons.

1913 monthly average..

9,965

372

17,594

3,965

1914 monthly a v e r a g e . .

6,921

297

8,738

4,078

7,414

4,437

1915 m o n t h l y average..

182,325

183,376

407,371

8,911

265

1916 monthly a v e r a g e . .

70,738

130,888

257,843

11,486

232

104,285

7,883

4,7.50

1917 monthly average..

122,977

282,813

588,214

11,227

185

66,555

6,923

5,609

1918 monthly average . .

174,856

166

129,625

229,907

8,529

177

192,450

1920 m o n t h l y average..

378,928

627,669
576,385
781,208
961,601
907,078
1,630,409

10,710

1919 monthly average. .

9,910

203

158,600

1,421

6,032

208

114,406

1,459

8,259

262

103,226

1,780

5,038
10,449
14,827
12,548
13,637

5,754
9,174
13,845
24,133
16,313

8,731
13,392
36,939
49,841

6,482
6,652
3,265
1,031

198
262
37

122,203
117,025
101,476
99,040

1,626
1,853
1,654
1,755

6,985
10,535
16,480
8,575

38,785
30,420
27,155
26,0S5

44,263
39,984
33,843
59,062

81,500
107,832
13S,554
100,111

1,643

130
100
4,365
12,680

24,890
5,405
13,940
13,725

61,144
61,127
56,329
56,871

58,170
82,087
189,388
127,699

2,029

26,525
25,415
31,890
14,650

33,250
16,935
26,920
15,055

69,000
69,415
71,545
52,125

214,542
274,158
210,209
252,188

2,060

13,075
14,055
15,260
5,495

11,530
4,720
12,535
16,855

21,786
24,134
14,837
39,779

511,429
601,740
579,775
483,803

1,811

None.

None.

1,754

None.

None.

334,429
201,830
323,267
536,010
601,649
627,130
641,431
942,870

1921 monthly average..

431,613

1922 monthly a v e r a g e . .

412,543

1923 monthly average..

912,857

217,973
156,412
235,856
310,161
277,488
410,762

1921.
September
October
November
December

384,101
383,0S3
356,019
343,185

209,475
367,495
236,625
349,270

754,894
985,775
855,440
953,053

360,282

277,293
276,073
287,319
297.169

807,298
838,074
960,089
1,046,047

639

318,813
268,475
366,746
335,516

1,158,507
977,507
1,211,100
1,165,950

3,317
8,066
10,235
10,286

157
227
226
321

63,873
73,395
82,542
88,258

542,639
649,367
651,015
880,831

371,801

10,986
11,233
9,468
1,838

281
287
338

443,471

1,138,188
1,445,863
1,426,^60
1,535,102

99,967
123,207
135,096
144,377

1923.
January...
February.
March
April

775,339
959,293
1,167,802
1,372,595

407.170
376,279
388,060
509,903

1,591,932
1,563,278
l,940,92S
2,1S7,145

May
June
July
August..

1,502,000
1,40S, 264
1,555,692
1,507,308

456,450
463,096
401,292
381,067

2,262,116
2,096,446
2,337,7S4
2,168,7.50

10,645
13, 750
14,389
14,353

231
276
278
557

September.
October
November.
December..

1,384,369

446,135

2,168,703

12,776
13,003

265
348

1922.
January...
February.
March
April
May
June
July
August..
September.
October
November.
December..

380,129
459,264
498,862
60S,539
4S0,466
481, 625
563,512

432,190
37S,635

119,172
87,960
138,015
76,732
105,767
71,389
79,970

1,164

1,645
1,916
1,884

1,535
1,635
1,773
1,732
1,773
1,736

2,120

1,790

1,285

1,957

17,605

27,135

37,316
53,086
59,551
60,202

1,976
1, 668
1,985
1,798

17,035

38,380
33,505
32,600
47,335

77,546
83,208
44,303
80,399

27,455

298,766

54,543

15,685
16,975
15,475
13,450
19,020

See footnotes on opposite page also.
4
About two-thirds of this traffic is through the Erie Canal and one-third through the Charnplain Canal. Figures for 1913 to 1922 represent monthly averages for seven
months, during which the canals are usually open.
c
' Nine months' average.
6
Data on Ohio River commerce from the United States War Department, Engineer Corps, represent total cargo traffic between Pittsburgh and Lock and Dam 11, located
between Wellsburg and Wheeling, W. Va. The total of 3,5S5,188 short tons shown for the months of 1922, from which the average is computed, does not include the
annual total of 1,327,199 short tons not shown separately by months, the total movement for 1922 being 4,912,3S7. Data are available from 1910 to 1914 for traffic
between Pittsburgh and Lock No. 6 ( a Beaver,, Pa.), a d from 1915 to 192 between Pittsburgh and Lock No. 10 (near Steubenville, Ohio). Traffic between Pittsburgh,
(near a e r a ) , and rom 1915 to 1921
g
d L o k 10 m o t e d to 4733620 h t t
i 1920 d 2840978 i 1921.
and Lock 10 amounted to 4,733,620 short tons in 1920 and 2,840,978 in1921




164
FREIGHT-CAR MOVEMENT.
Table 111.—I1TDEX WUMBESS.
Based, on data from, commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
SHORTAGES

SURPLUS.*

YEAR AND MONTH.

Box
cars.

Coal
cars.

Total
cars.8

Box
cars.

Coal
cars.

BAD-ORDER
CARS.s

AVERAGE LOADINGr PER WEEK.

Total
cars.3

Grain
and
gratn
products.

Livestock.

Coal.

Forest
products.

Ore.

Merchandise
L.C.I*, Total.*
and
miscellaneous.

Total.

Relative to 1919.
1916 monthly av..
1917 monthly av
1918 monthly av
1919 monthly av..
1920 monthly av..
1921 monthly av..
1922 monthly av..
1921.
May
June..
July
August
September
October
November
December

8

12
10O

Relative to 1913.
88
39

467

36

36
100

347
153

100

100

100

1OO
339

217

19

3

13

227

616

156

204

179

6

11

58

120

87

140

377

&
213

Per
cent
to
total
in use.

91
87

94
1OO

100

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

87

111

1OO

101
104

89

91

110

106

118

103

106

108

113

88

87

84

46

96

94

205

199

122

94

78

100

81

112

105

206

200

189

1

1

2

98

81

89

87

63

96

95

205

199

197

1

5

3

104

83

88

88

78

97

95

226

218

214

170

20

145

73

82

73

81

95

94

235

226

173

130

3

2
2

16

84

3

154

84

88

79

85

103

101

249

243

51

130

91

13

3

15

142

91

92

82

76

108

105

248

238

28

1922.
Januarv
February
March
April.

208

215

113

. ..

218

178

43

42

28

103

46

130

112

111

92

57

118

116

241

232

139

176

149

1

None.

1

97

96

87

86

21

99

94

229

221

233

293

248

108

88

74

79

15

90

85

212

206

161

193

175

3

1

116

129

129

2

2

10S

96

109

1

115

311

196

2

May
June
July...
August
September
October
November
December
1923.
January
February
March
April.,

1

(5)

(5)

3
2

129

99

95

86

12

89

92 1

208

201

131

88

108

88

11

92

96

219

213

2

2

106

83

111

93

14

105

102

222

216

9

3

84

82

41

99

26

110

91

212

206

108

107

4$

217

212

;

85

259

161

6

10

7

90

47

114

98

73

195

126

7

75

20

102

89

53

110

144

119

106

226

221

26
5

174

92

87

158

103

129

81

43

97

170

116

103

215

210

72'

37

189

329

243

144

90

56

102

177

118

109

229

225

(5)

5

3

350

927

539

132

106

97

100

140

119

117

213

207

(5)

2

2

479

1,126

741

134

122

110

105

125

124

124

193

1S8

1

3

3

355

1,020

553

136

118

111

109

77

118

118 I

166

162

6

5

8

202

870

343

130

102

107

100

25

103

105

150

148

8

10-.

14

141

916

303

121

105

109

118

29

102

106

143

132

3

&

8

178

923

334

106

97

105

117

28

105

106

139

124

4

5

7

162

697

285

105

95

105

132

36

118

114

143

128

6

4

7

73

420

146

98

96

100

135

54:

123

117

137

119
126

j

September .
October
December




19

5

17

16

271

67

86

95

102

133

165

123

122

139

42

6

31

11

190

49

89

92

105

137

236

123

125

140

138

67

9

40

14

114

40

112

93

105

124

221

119

123 j

126

135

62

5

35

13

116

39

134

104

109

134

215

125

130

125

122

37

7
10

129

120

101

128

196

129

130

116

113

127

133

108

130

159

136

134

100

99

100

May...
June... .
July....
August

97

18

22

36

130

63

13

n

73

51

....
See footnotes on opposite page..

j

165

FREIGHT-CAR MOVEMENT.
Table 112.—lTCTMEBICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Bas« year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.l

Coal
cars.

Box
cars.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Total
cars.'

Box
cars.

Coal
cars.

BAD-ORDER
CARS.s

AVERAGE LOADING PER WEEK.

SHORTAGES

SURPLUS.*

Total
cars.3

Grain
and
grain
products.

Live
stock.

Coal.

Forest
products.

Ore.

Merchan- !
dise
L. C. L., Total/
and
miscellaneous.

Per
cent
to
total
in use,

Total.

Per
cent.

Number of cars.
1916 monthly av
6,437
1917 monthly av..!
29,251
1918monthly a v . .
1919monthlyav.. 82,135
1920monthly a v . .
15,985
1921 monthly a v . . 127,982
1922monthly a v . .
47,075

132,374

6.2

23,592

05,901

112,934

134,711

5.9

OS,680

2S,964

52,360

141,901

5.9

167,700

6.9

75,605 189,396 18,991
24,194

43,14S

154,499 j 339,020

1,146

90,897 i 164.500

20,053

1.981 |

4,200 24,174 38,973 3 2 , 9 5 5 176,695 56,828 37,434 472,495 801.616
25,868 82,056
34,829 30,105
44,142
193,787 ! 60,476
485,104 850,923
444
153,072
47,928 i 17,367
1,896 j 44,006 28,858
455,916 754,717
138,555
15,852 i 51,579 j| 47,597 30,827
50,029 j 30,291
520,873 842,302

163,676

7.1

308,717

13. 5

310,554 |

13.6

1931.
May
June
July

155,040
105,102 } 394,040
I 140,298
162,537 I -173,791
I 93,013 I 101,723
321,781

August

09,238 |

263 |

339

38,211

26,052

157,122 j 49,463

23,084

455,005

758,438

309,971

13.5

187

003

40,582

27,480

155,001

49,880

29,009

450,036

762,827

341,337

14.8

3,710

3,905

50,585

23,979

145,420

41,5.58

30,389

448,886

750,717

354,611

15.4

130,590

246,740

041

739

59,973

27,643

155,376 j 45,010

31', 769

487,854

812,205

376,417

16.5
16.2

September

|

42,093 j

98.048

172,420

2,478

142

3,621

55,272

29,907

102,882 |

46,443

28, 554

512,322

840,318

374,087

October

I

22,028 i

33,043

80,203

5,301

4,339

11,219

50,478

36, S34

190,200 I 52,392

21,490

559,386

929,022

364,372

15.8

November
j 113,874 I 132,092
December.......J 191,707 j 221,014

282,920

264

None.

302

37,998

31,524

154,434 i 48,846

7,830

400.524

756,624

345,201

15.0

37

110

42,032

29,100

130,297 |

44,752

5,470

320,292

14.0

1922.
January
February
March
April

132,174
j 95,301
j 88,491
94,053

May.....
June....
July
August.,
September.
October
November.,
December..
1923,
January
February
March
April
May
June
July....
August..
September.
October
November..
December..

!
j 145,913
; 97,034
j 72,560
j 235,077

170,510

24 i

330,681

540

30

042

50,400

32,568

108,720

48,960

4,410

421,722

734,442

313,190

13.7

245,100

373

100

599

51,199

29,113

190,120

50,124

4,151

436,143

768,741

331,050

14.5

200,740

255

423

41,184

27,358

196,075

52,734

5,254

495,25S

827,400

334,628

14.7

371,538

309

374

842

32,874

27,114

72,528

50,052

9,054

521,106

727,488

320,083

14.0

09,714 |

195,439

305,198

1,094

423

1,714

42,186

29,550

82,494

00,714

18,384

540,546 j

782,670

327,704

14.4

00,101 I

147,558

239,225

1,397

3,148

4,803

39,614

29,201

93,736

02,621

54,054

563.043

851,700

340,822

15.0

!

131,267

174,927

10,550

0,633

24,973

50,227

26,723

75,039

o'>, 181

63,528

547,143

828,029

324,583

14.3

3,850 !
!
201 j

54,500

70,455

35,819

13,835

58,670

56,177

29,605

98.499

57,838

66,204

556,500

S73.369

345,013

15.3

3,480

5,S43

66,529

3S, 954

130,325

51,308

35,020

170,512

50,871

52,448

559,9S1 j 934,816

321,674

14.1

205 :

1,584

3,710

91,039

47,273

179,239

52,140

40,353

195,145

59,055

46, 830

587,910 ! 992,651

291,654

12.8

21,307

859 s

2,026

5,595

07,408

42,848

133,786 l 53,076
i

38,853

195,890

01,813

28.987

556,176 I 947,373

249,060

11.0

5,062 !

3.051

14,981

38,397

36,525

82,927 | 50,721

33,609

188,255

50,979

9,522

486,882 I 838,948

220,288

9.9

0,970

7,208

20,588

20,815

38,477

73,269 I

47,222

34,500

193,085

00,828

10,909

480,

847,363

216,011

9.0

2,739 ;

4,845

15,819

33,857

38,771

SO,633 |

41,209

32,064

185,492

06,046

10,310

497,

848,269 i|

!l

209,471

8.5

3,200 j

3,735 J

14,190

30,849

29/281

68,980 j

41,006

31,145

185,414

74,950

13,336

910,492 jj

215,552

8.7

2,849 |

13.550

13,940

17,034

35,282

38,259

31,634 | 170,555 j 76,966 !

20,169

941,792 i|

200,312

8.1

11,392

33,622
34,0.50

31,169 j 179,904 j

097

30,210 I 185.3NS 1

010

i
i

4,054

!

15,070

3 , 9 5 3 '••

32,443

2,974

34,735

4,269 >

55,071

2,054

7,976 | 11,896

55,063 ;

0,546 i

70,453

2,733 !

4,774 j

50,935 ;

3,922

GO,559

2,518 |

4,S91

9,570
9,441

43,512 j 30,012 |

52,083 I 34,228 ! 193,023

30,527

5,651 •

41,745

0,770 I

5,439 j 15,331

50,435

15,116

7.205

24,477

3,943 j

3,068 |

49,428

12,330 \

185,286

39,698 ! 178.201

368
"0,
"0,405
72,724

01 631
314
82 770
SO 297
73,461 j

74,023 i 59,340 |

a,9 004

583 308

!
l

!J

!

978,341 |i

210,505 I

1,005,162 :| 211,766
989,712
590 050 jl,039,570 j 190,411 |
| 189,014
502, 884

011,
642

9.4
9.2

8.3

11,039,018 I
1.073,085 j 175,327
151.332
150,024 |

I!
Data from the American Railway Association.
- Daily average for the last period* (7 or 8 days) of the month, exclusive of Canadian roads. The Association reports the number of freight cars which are idle (surplus)
and also the number of requosts for cars which can not be filled (shortage). The difference between these two figi ires represents the net freight-car situation for the country
as a 1
whole. The car shortages can not ordinarily be filled from the idle cars becauso of the uneven geographical list libation of the latter.
Includes other classes than groups listed.
4
Total includes coke shipments in addition to commodity groups listed.
• Index number less than 1.
{;
Number of railroad freight cars in need of repairs on first dav of each month. Note that 1913 is the base year, having a monthly average of 150,909 cars in need of
repairs, or 0.8 per cent of the total in use.
1




166

RAILWAY OPERATIONS,
Table 113.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

LOCOMOTIVES
IN BAD ORDER.
YEAR AND
MONTH.

REVENUES.

TOTAL
OPERATING
EXPENSES.

Total
Freight. Passen- Freight. Passen- operatger.
ger.
ing.

NET
OPERATING
INCOME.*

3

8

3 1OO
96
<92
U44
128

1OO
100
100
99
100

107

68
48
2
60
74

133
121
137
105
115

118
135
146
177
164

126
137
138
110
102

116
150
158
126
128

1OO
129
124
103

209
210
200
210

62
85
116
151

52
64
81
91

103
103
104
111

172
175
172
178

105
114
129
128

123
134
140
143

134
133
133
91

195
210
183
167

208
219
203
193

146
176
112
83

85
99
75
64

113
134
107
94

177
171
177

117
103
94
101

139
120
108
113

120
119
117
85

10
4
62

146
128
140
145

155
157
186
163

186
179
199
185

49
80
139
83

53
91
116

99
104
120
90

162
160
167
180

85
92
96

118
102
114
119

104
104
107
103

5
5
5
4

181
188
169
185

149
167
175
176

176
186
174
186

196
200
188
213

104
127
116
87

86
95
80
52

102
106
99
111

177
174
168
162

100
116
124
124

124
144
140
148

108
105
103
69

4
5
5
7

106
116
111
109

201
230
220
206

169
157
147
171

1%
216
205
201

225
236
225
223

142
132
132

56
79
87
100

126
144
139
132

156
156
156
154

114
105
98
110

144
131
118
132

106
107
108
113

8
9
5
5

91
92
94
SS

207
185
225
21S

15S
138
153
153

197
175
210
205

225
207
230
222

102
65
140
139

108
72
113
126

138
119
143
140

150
154
157
154

104
91
100
101

130
112
127
129

103
103
108
107

156
179
187
196

215
212
210
217

231
229
228
235

150
146
141
164

123
106
96
96

145
139
141
132

156
157
152
154

104
122

67
72

229
219
214
227

129
153
152
167

110
108
107

221

184

214

229

154

87

102
120

100
89
117
146
136

163
168
204
185
1S9

150
171
186
167
156

161
169
203
182
183

184
203
267
211
205

96
72

101
98
94
97

177
182
17S
200

162
173
189
190

174
1X1
181
198

95
97
9S
94

201
227
194
163

175
154
144
154

93
96
94

100
101

157
167
200
163

May....
June
July....
August.

95
92
S4
111

98
96
85
102

September
October
November
December
1923.
January
February
March
April

11G
119
111
10S
97
94
93
S7

1OO

100

79
1OO
72
97
101

90
90
92
91
91
89
SO
93

57
52
63

100
78
91

September
October
November
December
1922.
January
February
March
April

Relative to 1919.

3 81
3 82
120
102

1OO
96
95
109
131

100
94
101
121
133

1921.
May
June
July
August
,

EXPRESS
EARNINGS.

Total
Percent Tons Receipts Passen- Passen- operat- Operatgers
gers
ing
ing inon valu- carried per ton- carried
Total.
reveation. 1 mile. mile.
1 mile. carried. nues. come.

1OO
95
101
118
132

1918 mo. av
1919 mo. av
1920 mo. av
1921 mo. av
1922 mo. av

PASTHE
SENGER- PULLMAN
MILE
CO.
OPERATION.

Relative to 1913.

Relative to 1919.
1913mo. av
1914 mo. av
1915 mo. av
1916 mo. av
1917 mo. av

TON-MILE
OPERATION.

May....
June
July....
August.

85
81

September
October
November...
December...

66
60

65
63

1OO
3 102
3 129
102
117

138

1OO
3 105
3 98
112
130

1OO
173
12

158
137

See footnotes on opposite page also.
1
Data on locomotives in bad order for period 1916 to May, 1918, from Bureau of Railway Economics, from June, 1918, to February, 1920, from the U. S. Railroad Administration and since February, 1920, from the American Railway Association; data on revenues and expenses, from the Interstate Commerce Commission, represent Class I roads,
those having annual operating revenues in excess of $1,000,000; data on ton-mile and passenger-mile operation and percentage of net operating income on tentative valuation
are from the Bureau oj Railway Economics: Pullman passenger traffic furnished by The Pullman Co.; express earnings are reports of the American Railway Express Co. to
thslnterstate Commerce Commission, to which are added reports of the Southeastern Express Co. from the time of its organization in May, 1921.




187

RAILWAY OPERATIONS.
Table 114.—ITOttERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
LOCOMOTIVES
IN BAD
ORDER.

REVENUES.

YEAR AND MONTH. I
TotaI

Freight.

ger.

Per ct. to number in use.

I

I

1913 monthly a v . . . j
j
1914 monthly av...!.
1915 monthly a v . . . .
1916 monthly a v . . . i 15.5
1917 monthly a v . . . j 14.2

PASTHE
NET
NET TON-MILE SENGERPULLEXPRESS
OPERATING
MILE
OPERATION.
MANEARNINGS.
OPERAi TOTAL i! INCOME.*
CO.
TION.
! OPER- ji
I ATING '!
EX';
ReI Total
Perct.ii
ceipts Passen- j Passen- ; operaton j! Tons
per
gers
' ing
Total. valu- i carried
carried. | carried, i revtonation. ii 1 mile.
1 mile.
mile.
Per ; Thousands
cent. ';'•• of tons.

Thousands of dollars.

$59,900 3 .>.15 I 3 27,338.294
53,451 . M . 17 ' 3 26,163.146
70.002 ; M.20 I < 25,232.208
87.265
6.16 I * 31,126,359
81.232 ; 5.20 i
34,942,744

$181,782
$57,548 | $255,139
241,608 :'• 173,916
54,230
256,630 \\ 171,926
53,798
58,080 ; 302,104 :| 198,031
68,935 J 337. 539 :
238,184

li$176,916
165,943
178,864
214,784
236,177

0.719
.723
.722
.707
.715

I

1918
1919
1920
1921
1922

monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly

av...j
av...|
av...|
av...!
av...|

17.2
27.1
21.1
24.6
27.2

I
!
i
j
!

2SS; 183
290,410
360,304
327,328
333,975

86,056
98,334
107,285
96,172

313,133
322,236
314,821
353,815

I 93,517
| 99,753
| 108.886 '
i 109,192 \

May
June
July
August

24.5
24.4
* 24.9
j 24.7

26.8
26.0

September
October
November
December

j
j
I
!

25.3 I

1922.
.January
February
March
April
May..
June..
July..
August
September
October
November
December

24.9 j
25.6 |

24.6
24.2
24.2
25.1

25.6 I
25.9 j
25.0 |

23.4
! 25.2
j 26.0
I 25.5

24.1 j

25.9 I
26.4 j
26.7 I
i

334,767
368, 2S7
485,861
383,651
371.600

444,860 \
461,58-5 !
462,940 !
505, 732 j

379.865
380.856
362.756
382.106

354, 341 100,600 ; 498, 348 :
401.952 i 88,903 ' 536, 723 '
342.371 ! 82,638 ! 465. 933 i
2SS,666 ! 88,723 I 425,
277,112 I
294.630 \
354,306 :
288.900 I

S3,736
73.621
80,563
S3, 137

j
j
i 395,
! 401,
i 475.
; 417.

57.759 i
43,024 i
4.846
51,329
64,373

3.51
2.46;
0.09
3.08
3.52

!
j.
;
j,

30,943 ;
53.067 \
69,324
90,100 :

I
2.70 !;
3.31 :
4.19 j
4. 71 L

377.707 ji
397.959 j
36\ 087 i

S7.006
10-3.521 6K. ^6S ;

4.40 i
5.09 ii
3.85 :

<X, ,-go

337,632
324.572
36J.163
33H.425

47,702
33,4.33
49.974

.
'
;
I

36,409.975
.349
.973
33,033.629 I
37,411.868 \ 1.052
28,729,900 I 1.275
1.176
31,305, 457

28,218,768 1.236
28,140.661 | 1.261 j
28,412,404; 1.234
1.280
30.381.958

2.969,406 I
3.214.896
3.637.499
3.622.956

2,553,188
2,774.177
2,903.775 .
2,970,079

16,929
18
16,779
184
10,767 : 107
11,431
154

1.271
36,670.230
1.229 ,
29,221,710 ! 1.273
25,706.855
1.239

3,291, 820
2,910,493
2.650,.590
2.3-14,671

2,890.136 •
2.176,852 i

2.349.099

.15,127: 186
14,951 j 202
14,801 I 88
10,770 ; 1,305
13. .131
95
13,132 ! 113
13.440
103
12,9-80
82

30,364,054

2 75 if
:
:

27.150,745 ; 1.164 i

2,893, SSS !

4.0S j!
5.90 \
4 01

28,4,50,913
1.152 i
32.940.999
1.198 !
24.735.011 I 1.291

2,396.439 jj
2.592,731
2,701.720

2,444,584
2,111.760
2,3.56.701
2.401.450

j;
!;
!
'
j'

02,147 ;
70.271
69.391
52.205

4. 45 :
4. SS :
4.12 j;
2.70 !

27,939,810 j 1.271
29,081,749
1.249 '
1.209 i
27,115,331
1.168 !
•
30,472.171

2.821.701 !
2.209, i79
3,495,000
3,504.000

2.501,590
2.9^0.-341
2, 890,939
3,063.092

]3,583
SO
13.272
103
12,991 : 103
8,644 j 151

40$, 913
428.972
409.453
404. 89S

•
i
i;
i

5-%07S I
35,255 !
78,869 j
70,15-3 !

2.89 j,
4.05 j!
4.46 I;
5.15 j '

34,334,060
39,260,029
38,046,185 |
30,222,280

1.120 j
1.125
1.119 I
1.109

3,221,000 .
2.956,533 '•
2,759.938 [
3,111,789 '

2,990.265
2,710,144
2.440.127
2,725,171

13.408
13,5-13
13,072
14,275

1.078 ;

2,933.209
2.688.993 '
2,566,616 ;
2,313.420
2,827.499 , 2.a36.T42
2,851,000 | 2,682,102

28.2
30.7
29.4
28.9

355,933
406,106 I
389,501 i
364,106 I
I
!

97,530 ! 500, S83
90,133 i 550, 052
84,790 ; 523.012
9S,464 ; 513,576

366,721
326,699
398,-536
380,136

I
j
j
j

91,103
79,152
88,229
87, 872

'
;
\
.

502.160 '
446,639 |;
535,541 !'
523,107 '.

408.Rio \
375,825 '
417,913 |
MM, 0.38 '

60,874 !
3S,S59 ; 3.73 ;
83,56S ! 5.84 !:
8:5. 201 ' 0.50 i;

37,663,368
32,616,323
39,218,000
33,297.355

404,965
387,343
379,048
402,231

j
!
I
i

89,938
102,851
107,519
113,039

I
I
!
;

547,2S2 =
541,200 j
535,814 |
554,-359 j.

420,650 j
417,011 j
414,520 !
427.783 I

0. 33 ;
S9.999
87.024 : 5.47 i:
4.93 ;i
84. 01.3 '..
;
98.343 • 4.94 ;

39,597,532
38,000,994
38,513,263
36,209,761

92,23^

39,449,128

31.5
32.3
30.0
29.4

j

!
24.2
24.5
24.9
23.2

January
February
"March.
April..

; 26.3 i
j 25.5^
25.1
23.7

May
June
July
August

I 23.1
23.2
: 22.0
20.0
| 20.2 i 17.8
19.9 I 19.0

September..
October
November..
December..

18.0 I
16.3 |

17.3
16.8

j:
|
!
,
I;
j

i

$-2,092
; 3,615
\ 260
i 115

355.509
364.279
341,081
387,370

j
!
j
j

22.7

;
:
$12,613
! 16.306
'
;: 15.640
[ 13.006

r

I 30.0

j

= 3.556 382
1

2.397,260
3,112,128
3.271,2*2
2,600.416
2,645,699

319.015 j 85,531 i
331,932 i 96,044
299,566 j 100,694
320,520 : 101,560 •

449,
474,
443.
474

3 2.822,922 j 3 2.072.018 ;'.
j 3 2.880.5*2 ' 3 2,132.390 I .
3 2.021.039 j .
! 3 3,649,161
2 . 3 2 0 . 425 I .
• 2,882,163 ;
2 . 0 9 1 , 2 1 2 I'.
^ 3.239.7SS

3,863 192
3.904 056 !
3,110 759 :
9 $7
7 435

26.1 |
25.5 I
22.5|
26.9 '

I 25.8
j 24.9

i

1923.

89,677

I
j
;

410,549
432,005
518, 785
464,429
468,166

21.0 j
26.5
19.2
25.7 !
26.8 •

Thousands of
dollars.

Cents. I Thousands. jj Number.

168
197
95
99

1

390,508 j 105,936 j 545,503 j

;

415,983 i

4.46 jj

1.107 j
1.127 j
1.106 j

1.123 j
1.123 j

1,096 j
1,108

2,999.623 j'
3,505.679 |
|
ji
3,883,297 |
:

12;995 ;
12.941 ;
13,623 .
13,547 ;

105
125
120
60

13,842 | 127
2,670,101
3,172,053 1 •13,639 | 07
13/522 j 48
3,157,367
I
3,456,OS1 !
3,268,102 ;
2,836,671

See footnotes on opposite page also.
>qual
^_
Net railway operating income mcludfis-net operating revenue (equal to the difference between total xoperating revenue and total operating expenses) from which there
o
i » v e3 been deducted railway tax accruals, uncollectiblej railway revenues, enurprment" and joint facility rents.
rail
—'
— * ' ' " *-- iiix
Fiscal year ending June 30 of year indicated.
••* These "figures are from Interstate Commerce Commission reports.
* Deficit.
5




168

PUBLIC UTILITIES.
Table 115.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
TELEPHONE
COMPANIES.

YEAR AND MONTH.

GAS AND
ELECTRIC
! COMPANIES.

TELEGRAPH
COMPANIES.

CENTRAL ELECTRIC POWER STATIONS.

TeleTotal
Net
Com- graph
and
Gross
operat- operat- mercial cable Operat- Gross
Net
reveing
tele- operat- ing in- earn- earnnue,
revegraph
income, j ings.
ings.
ing
sales.3
nues. come. tolls.
revei
nue.
" ""
" ""
I
Relative to 1919.
Relative to 1913.
Relative to 1913.

Fuel consumed.

Coal.

Oil.

Gas.

Energy produced,
By
By
water
power. fuels.

Total.

Relative to 1919.

i

1913 mo. av
1914 mo. av
1915 mo. av
1916 mo. av
1917mo.av

100
104
111
125
142

1OO
100
112
129 '
127 i

78

76

1918 mo. av
1919 mo. av
1920 mo. av
1921 mo. av
1922 mo. av

154
188
231
276
306

125
138 '
146
204
239 !

83
1OO
120
106
111

84
1OO
116
103
105

278
280
275
278

223
218
184
193

107
109
103
108

275
289
2S7
288

219
220
220
172

January..
February
March

291
282
300
305

220
218
244
250

May
June
July
August

305
307
304
309

243
246
217
231

September
October
November....
December

312
319
317
324

245
273
236
249

1923.
January
February....
. .
March
April .
.

326
315
338
335

May
June
July
August
September

105 i

1OO
105
108
121
135

1OO
103
110
125
121

1OO
108
116
136
173

78 i
1OO
88
77
104

150
173
209
215
225

121
134
141
166
184

213
231
283
312
353

1OO
106
90
97

1OO
119
109
119

100
115
111
127

1OO
112
106 !
123

100
111
102
118

1OO
113
108
125

102
105
99
105

76
50
78

212
204
198
198

161
147
137
131

293
283
283
292

83
83
84
88

93
99
111
125

112
116
108
131

101
100
101
105

109
100
101
99

96
100
101
109

110
110
99
104

107
108
104

112
86
80
111

203
217
225
241

150
170
193
210

309
326
348
365

88
94
95
99

128
128
124
129

133
128
124
110

114
110
112
118

91
OR
100
109

128
120
120
123

98
91
107
102

95
88
102
97

64
54
100
78

241
224
231
223

220
202
201 1
196 i

382
349
348
322

101
89
93
84

120
108
103
89

92
90
90
104

117
107
118
111

106
100
121
122

124
111
116
104

113
115
108
120

108
109
103
113

123
128
83
119

222
215
210
214

181
166 i
147 .
132 '

315
314
313
331

84
85
88
96

93
100
110
142

124
131
146
171

118
118
119
126

135
130
128
123

107
111
114
127

122
126
114
116

114
117
108
107

128
129
100
138

220
238
247
257

160
171
215
218

354
377
405
425

99
112
115
123

148
142
135
142

175
159
134
108

125
134
136
142

116
111
112
116

130
147
150
158

266
362
299
275

118
108
126
116

110
100
116
107

120
108
92

270
2 2.30
2
257
2 254

257
2 239 :
2 253 i
2 243

451
422
420
412 ,

123
111
115
101

136
127
125
106

118
102
127 !
129

147
133
146
138

133
121
141
147

155
141
148
133

341
335
327
334

271
252
224
231

121
120
113
123

112
112
106
113

93
100
70
100

-1 24S
2 240
2 232

2
219 '
2 204 !

395
39S

3S6 I

101
101
104
110

110
112
127
147

154
160
178
189 !

143
139
140
144

158
144
136
130

135
136
142
153 j

334

246

121

113

102

412

109

147

180

141

123

152

!

1921.
May
July
September..
October .
November....
December

i
;

!

1922.

......

i
i
!
;

',

1

1

2 174 |

382 :

i

November

l
See footnotes on opposite page also.
i Telephone earnings are the combined reports of 13 largest telephone companies, and telegraph earnings are the combined reports of the Western Union and Postal
Telegraph Cos., as reported to the Interstate Commerce Commission; gas and electric earnings are the combined reports to the U. S. DepartmtjU of Commerce, Bureau of the
Census, of 73 companies or systems operating gas, electric light, heat, power and traction services and comprising most of the large companies in the United States. Gross
earnings are in general the gross operating revenues, while net earnings in general represent the gross less operating expenses and taxes, but owing to a lack of uniformity
in the accounts of individual companies, it has not been possible to secure these actual items for each company, and in such cases the nearest comparable figures have been
taken. Also in some cases the figures for prior years do not cover exactly the same subsidiaries owing to acquisitions, consolidations, etc., but these differences are not




169
PUBLIC UTILITIES.
Table 116.—NUMERICAL DATA.
Data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
TELEPHONE
COMPANIES.

GAS AND
ELECTRIC
COMPANIES.

TELEGRAPH
COMPANIES.

TeleCom- graph
Net
Total oper- mer- I and
Opercial
cable ating
operattele- operat- ining rev- ating
ining
enues come. graph
tolls, j revenue.

YEAR AND MONTH.

CENTRAL ELECTRIC POWER STATION.

Gross
Net
n u e
earn- !i revel s «•
»«
togs
*
! sales, s

Coal.

1917 mo. av

$13,132
13,722
14,527
16,452
18,700

1918 mo. av
1919 mo. av
1920 mo. av
1921mo.av
1922 mo. av

! 20,225 j
24,635 j
30,320 !
• 36,265;
'
; 40,204 !

1913 mo. av
1915 mo. av
1916 m o . av

$3,710
3,709
4,139
4,785
4,700

!!....
| ....
! ....
| ....
]
' $5,J

4,649 ij 6,287
5,104 || 7,596
5,415 ' 9,113
7,573 !: 8,043
8,882!; 8,435

$29,369 \
30,716 !
31,592,
35,479 I
$7,674 I $1,711 39,508 j

I

Oil.

Gas.

Short
tons.

Thousands of dollars.

1914 mo. av

Energy Produced.

Fuel Consumed.
Gross
earnings.

Barrels.

M cubic
feet.

Total.

Thousands of kilowatt hours.

$10,132 $26,017
10,478
28,067 :
11,112
30,100 i
12,657
35,458
12,304
44,925 :

44,119 | 12,232
50,734 13,609
61,342 14,311
63,252 ! 16,812
66,199 18,612

55,442
60,083
73,575
81,066
91,825

62,163
59,905
58,212
58,098

16,284
14,873
13,926
13,267

76,100 2,415,263
73,700 2,434,349
73,500 2,453,945
76,000 1 2,572,569
1

15,182
17,240
19,514 |
21,232

«, 500 2,586,033 ! 1,179,250 2,381,628
84,700 I 2,758,774 \ 1,181,457 2,279,880
90,500 | 2,777,4S3 | 1,145,9222,212,562
95,000 i 2,902,987 1,191,752 1,962,781
j

70,899
65,661
67,725
65,581

22,246
20,500
20,360
19,886

99,400
90,800
90,500
83,700

I 2,953,540 1,108, 413
I 2,593,259 995,826
j
[ | 2,722,146 949,952
j 2,456,592 824,097
j

1,633,907
1,599,967
1,598,961
1, a50,180

8,620
8,744
8,198
9,079

10,882
2,008 ij 65,295
10,967 i 2,101
63,259
61,612
10,363 i 1,364
62,974
11,381 | 1,944

18,364
16,834
14,867
13,353

82,000
81,800
81,500
86,100

j: 2,471,123
856,173
| 2,486,099 919,960
,
'
i 2,563,580 1,010,117
j
i| 2,816,678 1,311,945

9,261
9,564
8,678 !
8,796 !

11,521 I 2,090
11,820 i 2,109 1
1
10,885 , 1,636 j |
10,850 2,265 j1
!l

16,255
17,325
21,771
22,106

, 92,200 : 2,898,986
j 98,100 j 3,275,204
j
; 105,300 3,357,966
'
!
I
! 110,500 ! 3,597,590

|! 79,442 25,998
| i 73,569 2 24,171
| 2 75,385 2 25,616
I! 2 74,495 2 24,619

:l 117,400 \ 3,556,807
H 109,800 \ 3,248,979
;j 109,200 j 3,351,167
!' 107,200 j 2,967,037

8,477 j 1,282
1,636
10.095
11,698 1,438
10,371
1,265
10,608 1,697

By fuels.

1
1
j
! 2,925,000 | 920,833 j 1,783,833 3,243,403
' 3,093,655 1,093,559 ; 2,058,509 3,629,573
2,631,107 ; 1,001,245 ' 1,977,710 3,439,130
! 2,849,397 I 1,099,444 2,264,511 3,975,237

1,217,158
1,345,809
1,245,000
1, 437,587

2,026,245
2,283,764
2,194,130
2,537,652

!
!
1921.

September.
October
November..
December..

36,560 I 8,275
8,123 10,315 1,251
36,743 8 , 0 8 4 ''•• 8,283 | 10,601
1,434
36,160 6,829
7,805 ! 9,989
816
30,566 7,178
8,239 I 10,615 1,270
|
36,067 ! 8,132
8,333 I 10,812 1,835
37,905 i 8,168 ! 8,371 I 10,913 j 1,409
37,657 I 8,172 ;i 7,526 I 9,857 ! 1,311
37,871 | 6,398 ij 7,884 i 10,486 1,815

1932.
January
February
March
April

38,183 ; 8,149
36,998 ; 8,073
39,393 : 9,070
40.058 : 9,272

May....
June
July
August.

40.059
40,252
39,889
40,572

September.
October
November.
December..

40,930 9,092
41,936 10,125
41,691 i 8,767
42,489 ' 9,210

May
June
July
August

9,013
; 9,137
I 8,055
: 8,585

*7, 451
6,950
8,117
7,766

9,586
8,932
10,302
9,808

j; 59,702
63,753
66,004
70,800

| 1,042
I 883
| 1,643
! 1,275

1923.
January
February
March
April

42,841
41,317
44,324
! 43,952

j 9,879
[ 13,447
; 11,102
j 10,21?

8,986
8,166
9,565
8,78S

11,130
10,094
11.699
10,842

May
June..
July
August

!
!
•
\

; 10,05G
j 9,354
| 8.328
! 8,579

9,177
9,147
8,580
9,313

11,260
11,265
10.700
11,428

; 43,810 j 9,119
i
:

9,174

11,359 ;

44, 766
43,952
42,999
43,S7S

J
|
!
j
I

| 1,961
| 1,413
j 1,775
; 1,499
I
j 1, 51S
j 1, 632
j 1,142
! 1,634

64,484 I
69,866 j
72,539 I
75,502 i

i|

j
j
I
j

853,380
916,088
1,026,568
1,149,935

1,994,126
2,068,248
1,929,148
2,329,609

3,269,127
3,244,093
3,269,709
3,410,701

1,327,497 1,941,630
1,215,972 i i / 328,121
1,224,813 | 2,044,893
1,199,995 | 2,206,706

3,687,609 1,101,576 2,586,033
3,574,339 j 1,137,123 j 2,437,216
3,639,393 j 1,217,833 j 2,421,560
3,819,6S2 j 1,322,101 2,497,591

3,805,748 I
3,467,846 j
3,820,812 !
3,596,520 |

1,293, 439
1,220,922
1,467,832
1,488,305

I 2,512,309 j
j 2,246,924
I 2,352,980
j 2,108,215

2,212,847 3,823,591
2,344,788 !| 3,835,430
2,606,783 | 3,871,324
3,056,137 | 4,074,908

1,646,674
1,587,943
1,556,956
1,494,766

I 2,176,917
: 2,247,487
: 2,314,368
! 2,580,142

1,361,387
1,308,830
1,239,693
1,306,930

3,125,059
2,833,831
2,383,280
1,928,396

1,358,292 ; 2,690,912
1,352,495 2,979,910
1,366,554 3,047,073
1,416,860 ; 3,194,586

1,255,973
1,165,769
1,151,107
980,640 |

2,096, 496
1,823,411
2,271,937
2,297,450 j

! 4,049,204 \
j 4,332,405
j j 4,413,627
| 4,611,446

I

li

j 2 72,730
j 2 70, 605 2 22,199 I! 102, S00
2
68,129 20 ; 669 ji 103,500
17,607 j | 99,300

2,947, 534
2,952, 677
3,037,006
3,211,124

1,011,558
1,035,724
1,174,023
1,352,299

3,182,705

1,352,933 ' 3,204,590

4,753,826 1,620,311
4,324,278 | 1, 467, 710
4,727,964 ; 1, 719,362
4,472,945 ij 1,783,281

I 2,741,470 4,653,358
! 2,860,449 4,523,231
; 3,170,248 ! 4,536,401
i 3,377,973 |: 4,674,630

!
j
||
||

3,133, 515
2, 856, 568
3, 008,602
2,689.664

I

1,920,414 2,732,944 \
1,758,546
1,652,595 j 2,883,806
1,579,358 I 3,095,272

|l 100,500

I September
j October
November
December

107,100

4,571,236 ij 1,491,969 j 3,079,267

!

!

See footnote on opposite page also.
believed to be great in the aggregate. Gross revenue received from the sale of electrical energy as reported by the Electrical World represents the total receipts from the
sale of electricity computed to 100 per cent of the industry on the basis of the percentage which the reporting companies bear to the installed central station rating of the
country. Fuel consumption and production of electric power by central stations from U. S. Department of the Interior, U. S. Geological Survey.
2 One company missing.
3 Companies reporting sales are not identical with those reporting fuel consumption and energy produced.




170

LIFE INSURANCE.
Table 117.—Ill DEX NTJTOEItS,
From commercial and trade sources.1
IBase year in bold-faced type; ntrarorical data on opposite page.]

PREMIUM COLLECTIONS
(new and renewal).

NEW BUSINESS.

INDUSTRIAL
INSURANCE
(6 companies).

Value.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Number of
policies.

Value.

ORDI- TNDUSNARY TRIAL
TOTAL
INSUR-INSURINSURANCE
ANCE ANCE
(40 companies). (4Ocom- | (6 companies), panies).

GROUP
INSURANCE
(11 companies).

Number of
Value,
policies, i

ORDINARY
INSURANCE
(40 companies).

Number of
policies.

r

GROUP
INSURANCE
(11 companies).

'TOTAL
'INSUR| ANCE
(40 com; panies),

Value.

Value. !

Relative to 1913.
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly
monthly

average..
average.
average.
average.
average.

100
100
107
122
142

1OO
97
104
127
150

100

100

1OO

1OO

108
113
109
109

106

182

107

1OO
101

100
104

100
107

100
139

1OO
105

112

221

112

107

108

115

229

110

113

350

111

125

117

123

335

119

119

755

114

146

129

134

706

131

1918
1919
1920
1921
1922

monthly average.
monthly average.
monthly average.
monthly average.
monthly average.

145
232
265
212
211

157
273
332
274
300

114
122
132
145
153

227

300

172

224

292

145

205

267

191

127

1,204

119

157

139

147

1,345

142

150

1,992

141

252

164

168

2,548

167
194

1,895

153

301

192

189

3,813

508

156

256

207 I

210

4,081

210

228

1,276

163

287

227

239

4,306

,232

241

555

181

383

158

113

158

283

128

250

117

163

357

129

285
26S
237
226

205
215
199
189

207
198
206
215

3,671
3,545
4,539
4,384

208

202

191

231

133

186

319

|

143

200

May....
June
July....
August..

179
202

250

177

249

297

!

181

184
198
200
253

207
222
202
270

3,306
4,581
2,948
5,252

!

192

|i

159

|

1,757

i!

132

232

142

200

|

920

274

150

214

|

513

226

318

|

ISO

256 I

1,053

218

310 i
I
326 I

151

237

1,687

146
157
187
161

.228
259
307
300

210
223
255
229

228
206
234
212

6,535
3,474
3,810
3,639

164

241

;

222

319

;

152

223

!

. 215

303

|

143

213 I

201

292

j

135

175
164
154
146

305
299
285
268

233
230
220
214

233
235
239
242

4,265
3,716
4,103
3,813

191
203

I
I

232

244

228

September.
October
November.
December..

210 !

174

193

May
June
July
August..

153

317

220
250
234
308

172

1932.
January...
February.
March
April

244

224

September.
October
November.
December..

257

|

126

187

1,162

2S3

|

164

256

996

29o I

161

243

1,144

172

265

4,549

245
281
287
384

194
217
222
280

220 |
245 !
230 |

385

137
170
169
185

3,806
4,484
4,16S
5,858

283
291
377

209
250

|

!

6S9
1,164
766
672

343 j

214
203
198
191
207
202
260

218
222
253
227
235
233
226
223
202
226
226
298

i

1923.

January...
February.
March
April
May....
June
July
August..
September.
October
November.
December..




282

411

176

266

1,374

251

369

250

401

2,298

154
156
194
250

2,082
3,580
1,075
1,257

218
197
174
162

380
393
334
319

262
255
246
246

|
;
'
!

254
271
268

1,037
49$

159
186

294
326

214 |
249 i

254
285

205

302

j

144

217

948

215

315 j

145

221

687

264

388

i

210

313

272

400

|

183

285

243

356

!

160

256

230

338

!

238

337

149

245

146

220

241

176

293

See footnote on opposite page.

j

243
235
279
257

260
239
266
259

5,558

250

5,884

239

4,781

279

5,442

261

4,484

263

4,506

261

5,019

254

5,374

254

4,555

226

6,177

281

171

LIFE INSURANCE.
Table 118.—NUMEKICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
P R E M I U M COLLECTIONS
(new a n d renewal).

NEW B U S I N E S S .

YEAR AND MONTH.

ORDINARY
INSURANCE
(40 companies).

Thousands of
dollars.

Thousands of
policies.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average.
average.
average.
average.
average.

74
74
79
90
105

8131,839

INDUSTRIAL
INSURANCE
(6 companies).

Thousands of
policies.

197,310

380
410
429
415
414

128,358
136,700
167,970

Thousands of
dollars.
! $51,909
55,217
58,128
58,645
61,484

GROUP
INSURANCE
(11 c o m panies).

TOTAL
INSURANCE
(40 companies).

Thou- j ThouNumber of sands of i sands of
policies. dollars. policies.
4
4
8

$1,445
2,628 I j

25

5,052

!

504

60

10,908

|

519

454
484

3,188 :l 507

Thousands of
dollars.

51,626
60,783
71,132
76,686
84,068

20,342
22,587
25,751

433

66,099

55

17,401

540

465

77,901

134

638

437,623

500

j

93,044

149

361,803

550

j

104,813

51

156 I

395,277

582

28,785
27,377
7,335
18,440

738

289, 882
466,866
558,043
473,951
531,951

May....
June
July....
August.

168

395,445

166

385,075

152

352,134

141

329,124

652
550
431
446

September..
October
November..
December..

141

305,191

148

329,232

142

321,236

166

January..
February.
March
April

127

May....
June
July....
August.

169

118,233

707

GROUP
INSURANCE
(11 c o m panies).

TOTAL
INSURANCE
(40 c o m panies).

Thousands of dollars.

$37,009

206,382

107 I
172 I
196 |
157 |

INDUSTRIAL
INSURANCE
(6 c o m panies).

$185,193
186,203
198,015
231,667
269,702

360,180

1918 monthly average.
1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average.
1921 monthly average.
1922 monthly average.

ORDINARY
INSURANCE
(40 c o m panies).

38,456
40,115
43,344
47,789

$10,778
11,580
12,421
13,280
14,440

$31
43
71

15,807

417

104
219

790
1,182
1,265
1,335

$47,818
50,080
52,60S
56,727
62,449
67,850
79,661
92,655
100,538
111,154

1921.

i
I
j
I

! 125,232
j 104,909
j 81,872
j 84,583

44
45
29
36

8,023
5,529
4,088
5,153

820
716
583
587

528,699 ! 75,857
;
495,512 !j 79,628
438,093 | 73,555
|
418,859 ! 70,006

21,381
22,233
23,217

,099

22
28
24
210

4,607
4,293
3,350
25,3S8

649
820
723

406,603
462,690
433,673
569, 655

22,354
23,927
21,762
29,071

,025

417,621

507 I 96,805
672 | 129,165
5S1
109,087
126,646

305,528
361,571
419,839
408,361

53S
569
684
572

103,725
110,954
132,833
123,208

30
49
51
40

13,287
7,420
15,215
24,379

665
712
850
733

422,540 : | 77,730
479,945 j 82,663
|
567,888 1 94,454
1
555,948 I 84,656

24,560
22,201
25,195
22,805

429,236
420,362
405,609
384,328

624
579
542
512

125,084
115,959
110,423
102,901

61
58
55
44

9,962
16,814
11,068
9,709

793
743
701
661

564,282
553,135
527,099
496,938

86,100
85,059
81,309
79,104

25,156
25,318
25,717
26,128

338,789
372,902
389,367
507,436

480
623
611
653

97,257
132,790
125,960
137,707

49
57
61
406

16,785
14,392
16,524
65,730

621
773

452,831
520,084
531,852
710,873

71,739
80,337
82,167
103,498

23,709
26,456
24,813
36,957

398,150
415,006
541,388
485,874

547
551

112,678
114,758
137,853
208,105

60
73
104

13,701
9,933
19,848
33,199

710
879
1,137

524,528
539,698
699,089
727,179

511,963
527,995
469,883
445,157

797

162,326
147,769
132.798
127,090

99
97
54

30,086
51,730
15, 534
18,161

991
895
789
737

124,905
152,061

41
55

14,984
7,200

720
845

68,080
73,459
73,986
93,492

,138
,407
,359

,420
914
1,628

99,262
102,108
97,195
94.581
91,458
98,807
96,661
124,191

1922.
143
167
161

164
159
149

September..
October
November..
December..

141
150
155
185

2,026
1,077
1,181
1,128
1,322
1,152
1,272
1,182
1,180
1,390
1,292
1,816

104,316
105,941
120,830
108, 588
112, 577
111,529
108, 298
106,414
96, 628
108, 184
108, 272
142, 271

1923.
January..
February.
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.
September..
October
November..
December..

152
159
209
186
195
201
180
170
163
176

404,940
444,936

950

609
567

95, OSS

28,002
25,706
28,640
27,869

704,376
727,493
618,215
590,408

96,850
94,354
90,947
90,976

27,339
29,169
28,877
29,006

544,829
604,197

79,060
92,128

27,378
30,697

86,947
103,338

1,723
1,824
1,4S2
1,687

119,485
114,477
133,460
124, 645

1,666

125,579
124,920
121,379
121,648

1,412
1,915

107,850
104,746

1,390
1,397
1,556

1
Compiled by the Association of Life Insurance Presidents. The data on new business represent only new business that has been paid for, exclusive of revivals, increases,
and dividend additions. Premium collections show the amount of money actually invested in life insurance each month, and include total premium collections, now and
renewal, and considerations for annuities and for supplementary contracts involving and not involving life contingencies. The 40 companies whose new business is included
in this table had in force 77.1 per cent of the total legal reserve life insurance outstanding in the United States as of Dec. 31,1920.




172

SAVINGS DEPOSITS.
Table 119.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
BALANCE TO CREDIT OF DEPOSITORS—END OF MONTH.
Federal Reserve Districts.

New

United

York States
Phila- Cleve- RichSan
AtSt. Minne- Kansas
State postal
New
ChiTotal Boston. York.
delland. mond. lanta. cago. Louis. apolis. City. Dallas. Fran- savings savings.
phia.
(85
depos(64
(92
(209
(56 banks). cisco. banks.2
(18
(97
(35
(15
(30
(80
(77
its.
banks). banks).
banks).
banks). banks). banks). banks). banks). banks). banks). banks).

YEAR AND MONTH.

1

Relative to 1920.

1915 monthly av
1916 monthly av
1917 monthly av

Relative to 1913.
1OO
103
105
111
115

!
.....

1OO
149
187
282
360

i

19IS monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly
1922 monthly

av
iv
av
av
av

117

422

129

81

406

100

KM)

10O

1OO

100

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

10O

143

411

106

103

108

106

112

109

107

102

116

103

110

107

104

153

388

106

113

109

111

119

111

103

127

111

117

116

115

162

348

106

103

107

107

113

108

109

102

117

107

110

108

106

107

103

106

114

10S

110

103

117

108

111

10S

108

154

383

103

109
108

106

111

109

107

107

110

105

106

108

106

110

109

107

101
100

115

102

115

106

109

106

104

,

102

108

105

110

109

106

100

115

107

109

104

106

I

103

10S

105

110

111

105

100

116

106

110

104

106

1

102

105

109

111

105

118

106

111

105

110

111

106

101
102

121

108

115

110

111

1921.
Miv
Jim© . • • . . .
July
Antmst

!
I

i
106
106
102

N o ve mber
December

103

10S

111

10S

391
I

382
382
152

378
374
370

109

i

156

366

i

1922.
108
108

j

104

111

109

109

113

106

101

121

109

111

111

111

i

104

111

109

109

113

105

101

122

109

112

111

111

109

February. .

i

105

111

110

115
117

107
108

101

123

110

116

111

101

124

110

115
116

113

111

119
123

110

114

112

128

109
110

117

111

101
103

126

119

364
364
3

105

111

110

ION
109

109
111

'•

105

109

109

;'

106

111
113

!
•

106

113

111
109

119

111

102

127

110

119

118
118

115

110

109
10*)

111

107

113

ION

110

119

111

102

129

109

119

117

115

342
341

111
112

107
108

114

108
10S

111

122
123

111

103

117

338

104

113

120
122

119

114

129
130

113

113

118

336

10S

114

123

116

103

133

113

124

119
120

109

137

117

127

122

April

109

Miv
Juno

.

. . . .

. .

July
September

19?:*.
January
February
March
April

114
114

'

109

118

112

118

124

117

:

111

118

113

119

126

120

120

127

122

1

112

118

115

120

127

121

109
110

138

us

139

124

127

127

112

119

115

120

128

124

111

140

123

127

113

119

116

121

129

125

112

140

123

127

114

119

117

122

130

126

113

137

123

128

133

358
j
j

352
162

130

115

121

117

125

129

130

115

113

124

132

135

134

122

115

121

119

125

128

114

143

124

130

135

134

114

144

124

128

136

134

115
116

144

126

128

136

136

145

126

129

137

137

116

.

158

115

108

November .
December

!

119
119

i

k

1

119
123

168

347

335
333

331

125
127

332

129

128

333

131

129

333

1

1
Mav .
June
Julv
' Aimust
Sent ember
October
November
December

120
122

j

122

115

121

119

125

128

130
128

123

116

124

US

126

129

129

123

116

192

118

128

129

129

331
'

176

331
331
333
335
335

See footnotes on opposite page also.
1
Savings deposits in each Federal Reserve district (including both commercial and savings banks) compiled by Federal Reserve Bank of that district iioin reports of
identical banks, as follows: Boston, 04 bunks, Ne\v York, 30, Philadelphia. SO. Cleveland, 18, Richmond, 92, Atlanta, 97, Chicago, 209, St. Louis, 35, Minneapolis, 15, Kansas
City, r,s, Dallas, S5, San Francisco, 74. Deposits in savings banks of New York State furnished by Savings Banks Association of the State of New York; postal savings from
U. 'S. Post Office Department.




173
SAVINGS DEPOSITS.
Tafcte 120.—KUMBEICAI DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

BALANCE TO CREDIT OF DEPOSITORS—END OF MONTH.
Federal Reserve Districts.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Total
deposits.

Boston
(64
banks).

New
York
(30
banks).

Phil- Cleve- RichSan
MinKanChiSt.
Dal- FranAtdelsas
cago Louis neap- City j las
land mond lanta
phia
olis
cisco
(209
(35
(97
(92
(85
(18
(80
(15
(77
(56
k
banks). banks). banks). banks), j banks). I banks). banks). banks). banks). banl:s).

New
United
York
States
State
postal
savings
savbanks.2 ings.

Thousands of dollars.
1913 m o n t h l y a v .

$1,724,607 $39,750
1,772,357 59,145
1,805,366 74,349
1,918,453 112,159
1,989,013 143,193

1914 m o n t h l y a v .
1915 m o n t h l y a v .
1916 m o n t h l y a v .
1917 m o n t h l y a v .
1918 m o n t h l y a v .
1919 m o n t h l y a v .
1920 monthly a v .
1921 m o n t h l y a v .
1922 m o n t h l y a v .

$612,598
$5,437,438 $1,036,420 $1,532,056 $389,823 $345,252 $225,478 $168,731 751,870 $90,554
5, 759,332
1,054,315 1,653,162 414,668 387,425 244,718 j 179,872 768,358 104.871
6,010,232
1,100,456 1,728,301 424,527 382,759 268,646 j 186,916 771,608 115,412
1

$71,707 $80,957 $44,800 $699,790
77,010 89,212 47,774 727,947
79,643 95,697 52,177 804,090

2,016,866
2,223,216
2,465,491
2,635,572
2,800,118

167,653
161,373
163,434
154,124
138,168

1921.

May
June
July
August

5,770,611

1,065,954

5, 824,774

1,067,743

5,772,286

1,066,782

5, 745,366

1,061,725

September.
October
November..
December..

5,739,032

1,061, 285

5,745,180

1,062,542

5,545,600

1,061,106

5,862,766

1,069,106

1922.
January
February...
March
April

5,869,409

1,081,935

5,905,159

1,085,788

5,911,685

1,092,416

5,928,947

May
June
July....
August.

1,078,232

5,878,869

1,091,620

6,025,494

1,102,250

6,010,978

1,104,435

6,059,101

1,108,924

6,097,135

September.
October. ...
November..
December..

1,097,919

5, 999, 047

1,114,412

6,129 444

1,130,998

6,361,856

1,150,793

6,410,119

1923.
January
February...
March
April

1,116,546

6,307,502

1,158,610

6,460,765

1,165,719

6,487,545

1,173,515

May

6,525,878

1,178,188

June...
July....
August.

6,634,882

1,188,854

September.
October....
November..
December..

1,638,673 415, 885
1,672,087 414,354
1,659,333 413,899
1,654,316 412,117

388,850 i 244,367
392,492 243,289
384,153 244,670
381,385 245,075

183,506
184, 848
180,511
179,565

770,628
773,688
762,479
755,334

105,54S
105,343
104,060
103,833

76,824
77,236
76,666
76,180

1,657,028 409,904
1,653,338 409,581
1,656,392 j 409,464
1,704,986 420,123

379,358 245,192
378,789 250,397
377,166 | 249,300
378,702 250,878

179,411
177,230
176, 859
178,709-

752,596
753,909
758,169
767,489

103,788
105,279
106,551
109,165

76,611 88,451
76,273 89,210
76,168 j 90,237
77,239 ! 92,829

1,698,444 425,438 375,639 254,299
1,698,535 426,470 374,773 255,034
1,704,841 427,104 374,372 259,576
1,700,636 j 426^745 376,115 262,969

177,525 756,027
177,227 759,049
180,757 758,001
182,672 756,270

109,248
110, 704
111,675
111,990

77,971 i 90,151 49,738
78,196 ! 91,034 49, 836
79,057 92,518 52,030
79,152 93,741 50,464

776,697
776,076
779,440
778,515

1,701,562 423,582 377,299
1,738,814 424,063 381,994
1,728,753 423,963 377, 989
1,728,310 422,128 380,941

268,659
276,648
269,238
269,220

184,683
187,236
187,598
187, 891

758, 884
772,675
764,312
767,120

114,341
115,556
114,733
116,715

78,241 I 94,745 50, 983
78,830 | 96,491 52,710
79,165 | 95,864 52,694
78,395 95,638 52,639

784,348
1 139,959
802,508 1 2,791,353 ; 137,736
1
802,48S j.
136,124
807,-546 \\
j 135,482

383, 995 274,199
389,013 j 278,077
3*93, 214 276,936
407,761 278,891

187,117
192, 751
194, 864
202, 622

773,053
783, 414
793,823
816,668

117,136
118,058
120,589
124,197

80,827
80,841
81,246
83,793

819, 028
134,230
827,317 1
1
j 133,477
833,523
! 133,103
861,565 2, 892, 469 132, 282

1,744,493
1,741,543
1,746,127
1,807,550

420,090
419,573
I 419,046
! 436,122

1,805,923
1,809,394
1,825,991
1,820,182

|
442,083 411,325 i 2S4,707 202,933
446,773 412,811 i 285,829 204,255
449,252 415,526 j 287,828 20S, 538
453,217 418,287 290,706 211,102

819,393 125, 229
828,144 125, 77-1
834,630 126,838
839,966 126,920

1,825,584
1,859,503
1,854,810
1,854,412

455, 808
456,510
461,876
461,922

850,375 124,273
867,505 129,907
858,068 129, 740
S58,657 130,158

421, 667
430,919
430,014
432,286

293,716
291,721
289,348
288,652

213,045
218,835
218,777
215,358

6,625,604

1/192,585

6,625,963

1,194,152

6,672,204

1,198,304 1,873,986 461,474 435,528 290,092 217,318 861, 491 130,123
1,204,326 1,371,644 461,935 441,103 290,783 218,209 872,155 131,741

6,703,325

89,199 48,196
89,584 48, 222
89,118 46,981
88,149 47,465

742,981
754,888
743,634
740,222

46,545 738,863
46,815 741,817
47,033 537,155
49,248 764,292

| 96,882 53,357
| 98", 837 53,269
I 99,901 53, 629
1102,556 54,779

102,558
1102, 858
87,987 1102, 816
88,246 ! 103; 412

54, 739
56,755
57,958
55, 495
59,594
60,548
60,306
60, 716

911,259
934,834
936,123
936,93S

2,623,039

2,696,104

86,027

88,992

87,989

89,123

90,326
90,043

i 103,871 | 60,740 948,946
104,422 j 61,517 955,447

155,395
152,390
151,982
151,778
150,358
148,567
147,089
145,569
144,
j 144,610

2,716,533 | 144,018
I 142,326

876,146
889,924
897, 682
903,497

i104,380
! 106,623
88,821 -105,136
88,820 1103,892

2,648,432

131,566
131,980
132,180
132, 291

3,040,789

131,751
131,671
131,726
132,502
133,077
133,157

See footnote on opposite page also.
Yearly figures from 1914 to 1920, inclusive, are averages of deposits on June 30 and December 31 of each year; 1913 figures are for December 31; 1921 is average of quarterly
3S.

Approximatefigurecalculated from deposits and withdrawals.




174

BANKING.
Table 121.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page. 3
DEBITS TO
INDIVIDUAL
ACCOUNTS. 2

YEAR AND MONTH.

average
average
"iverape
average
average

1918 monthlv average
1Q1Q monihlv 'ivfr^pe
1920 monthly average..
1921 monthly average..
1922 monthly average..
1921.
May
June
July
August Sepi ember
October
November
December
1922.
January
Fel Tiiary
March
April
May
June .
July
August
September
October
N o vember

1OO

INTEREST
RATES.

Total
reserves.

ComTotal Total Net de- New mercial
ReTotal
loans
York doubleserve and dis- invest- mand
dename
decall
posits. ratio. 6 counts. ments. posits. loans. paper,
60-90
days.

Relative to 1919.

Relative to 1921. Relative Relative to 1913.
to 1919.

Notes
In New Outside In New Outside Bills In cir- Total
disNew
New
investYork
York
York count- cula- ments.
York
City.
City.
tion.
ed.
City.6
City.

Relative to 1919. Relative to 1913.
1913 monthly
1914 moithly
191n monthlv
1916 monthlv
1917 monthlv

CONDITION OF
REPORTING
MEMBER BANKS.*

CONDITION OF FEDERAL RESERVE
BANKS.*

BANK
CLEARINGS.

1OO

96

116

102

1

3

169

134

1

7

187

169

12

1OO

108

100

88

78

18

188

60

60

24

27

166

80

59

23

39

58

60

151

107

82

88

166

101

189

205

60

73

79

91

90

114

1OO

249

243

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

100

100

205

94

QQ

114

257

275

132

120

116

97

99

87

107

246

127

100
85

91

205

212

91

102

57

122

90

122

1OO

1OO

96

189

113

98

97

230

229

28

85

104

144

96

154

92

126

103

140

76

85

88

201

200

97

104

66

117

88

115

101

99

96

214

120

87

89

214

210

92

101

49

120

87

121

100

102

95

196

117

80

85

195

200

85

97

45

123

88

126

98

96

95

179

111

75

85

185

201

77

95

45

127

87

133

96

97

94

179

103

|

79

88

199

208

72

94

44

131

89

137

97

101

93

162

102

87

95

203

225

68

92

43

134

90

141

96

98

96

165

97

86

85

213

215

61

90

47

137

90

145

95

102

97

159

90

101

100

234

225

61

93

60

137

91

142

94

106

96

160

89

94

95

219

211

44

83

56

140

92

154

92

107

97

84

195

186

37

83

74

141

91

156

91

110

97

100

99

237

223

33

83

92

142

93

155

91

110

97

143
155
137

85

81
102

94

238

213

26

82

110

143

95

156

91

115

101

137

79

106

98

244

228

24

82

122

143

97

155

91

123

104

125

74

108

98

255

234

24

81

120

144

100

154

90

130

70

93

233

224

20

81

118

145

97

158

90

131
132

105

97

104

122

65

90

90

215

225

21

82

117

146

97

158

90

135

103

126

68

86

72 1

1

'
!
!

84
83

May
June
July
Autiust
September
October
November
December

94

219

233

117

146

95

156

92

133

105

141

110

105

249

267

24

88

113

147

95

155

94

135

106

157

94

98

220

245

34

89

95

146

96

152

94

135

105

154

102

1923.
January
February.. .
March
April

94

22

112

240

25S

33

94

119

144

98

144

95

143

106

149

80

109

112

251

289

31

84

92

147

103

153

96

144

109

137

80

93

96

213

230

31

86

96

146

101

152

98

139

109

150

80

111

112

251

271

36

85

85

145

102

150

99

140

105

164

87

101

107

228

261

33

85

79

145

99

153

99

138

105

155

89

102

116

244

271

38

86

76

146

101

152

99

139

106

151

89

103

111

237

267

40

85

57

146

100

153

99

139

105

159

86

90

104

211

256

39

84

46

146

98

156

98

135

105

158

86

80

99

187

242

42

85

45

146

99

154

1

98

135

103

156

88

83

98

191

242

45

86

45

145

100

152

1

100

135

103

153

89

94

113

225

281

46

85

50

146

101

152

100

135

106

148

89

j

1

76

!

76

See footnotes on opposite page also.
Figures for Debits to individual accounts, condition of Federal Reserve Banks, and condition of reporting member banks are from the Federal Reserve Board; Bank
clearings from Bradstreets; Interest rates in New York market from the Commercial and Financial Chronicle.
a Debits of banks in about 150 of the larger clearing-house centers, covering weekly totals, tne first and last weeks of the month being prorated.
s Condition as of last Wednesday of the month. Prior to April, 1921, figures are of last Friday of month.
1




175
BANKING.
Table 122.—FCTMEEICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
DEBITS TO
INDIVIDUAL
ACCOUNTS. 2

In New Outside
New
York
York
City.
City.

YEAR AND MONTH.

BANK
CLEARINGS.

CONDITION OF FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS.

Notes
ReIn New Outside Bills in cir- Total Total Total
New
disserve
investYork
redeYork count- cula- ments. serves. posits. ratio.e
City.
ed.
tion.
City.*

CONDITION OF
REPORTING
MEMBER BANKS. 4

INTEREST
RATES.

ComTotal
New mercial
loans
Total
Net
York doubleand
name
invest- demand
call
disments. deposits. loans. paper,
counts.
60-90
days.

Millions of dollars.
1913 mo. a v .

57,886

1914 mo. av.

6,918
9;184
13,298
14,784

$5,749
5,508
5,879
7,713
9,734
11,801
13,944
15, 801
12,212
13,157

1915 mo. a v .
1916 mo. a v .
1917 mo. av..

Per cent.

$29

$89

24

185

$144

224

606

231

1,158

1,911 j

466

2,618 !

592
685
338
618

.|

20,087

20,067

1921 mo. av

.j

17,258

15,914

j

19,988

16,937

1921.
May
June
July
August

17,297
17,628
16,340
15,186

15,348
15,619
14,984
14,833

15,847
16,849
15,355
14,556

11,520
12,067
11,478
11,541

September..
October
November..
December..

16,102
17,610
17,492
20,575

15,517
16,684
14,900
17,554

15,079
16,027
16,822
18,476

11,980
12,948
1.2,377
12,926

1922.
January
February
March
April

19,065
16,543
20,397
20,717

16,642
14,730
17,367
16,481

17,296
15,340
18,720
18,759

12,153
10,682
12,810
12,237

850
721
636
500

2,184
2,174
| 2,182
2,158

May....
June
July....
August.

21,654
22,063
19,713
18,287

17,148
17,168
16,315
15,817

19,215
20,111
18,337
16,938

13,080
13, 464
12,866
12,907

471
469
380
404

September..
October
November..
December..

19,215
22,322
19,027
20,851

16,522
18,399
17,098
19,558 I

17,285
19,668
17,332
18,899

1923.
January
February...
March
April

22,087
19,019
22,541
20,478

19,666
16,905
19,567
18,732

May
June
July
August

20,704
21,041
18,321
16,189

September.
October
November..
December..

16,799
19,152

1922 mo. a v . . . .

| $20,343 $17,536

$384

1,936

1920 mo. av

1919 mo. av

Per cent.
3.18

14,878
19,650
20,261
16,194
18,158

1918 mo. av

Millions of dollars.

2,557

3,154 |

1,755

2,G64 |

550

2,215

1,870

2,735

1,772

2,634

1,650 |

2,538

1,492 '

2,481

i
1,403
2,457
1,309 | 2,409
1,182 j 2,366
1,180
2,443

3.45
1.91
2.53
3.40

1,261 j $1,154
1,991 |

75.6

1,738

57.0

$9,260

2,190 | 1,937

SO.2

10,57<>

2,126 |

1,922

43.5

2,672

1,744

61.4

$11,927

$3,364

10,178

3,149

1,851

77.5

10,953

4,230

10,855

393
289
269
266

2,558

1,706

2,625

1,686

2,685

1,695
1,691

12,028
11,884
11,660
11,491

3,317
3,447
3,229
3,268

10,153
10,046
10,002

2,788

57.6
60.8
63.4
66.8

263
253
278
356

2,879

1,717

2,937

1,739

69.0
70.8
72.7
71.1

11,573
11,422
11,335
11,220

3,384
3,307
3,430
3,560

9,866
10,192
10,270
10,174

77.2
' 78.1
77.8
78.3

10,919
10,851
10,842
10,846

3,'615
3,692
3,702
3,865

10,271
10,245
10,309
10,676

1,882

78.0
77.5
79.2
79.2

10,906
10,783
10,739
10,761

4,122
4, 405
4,450
4,532

11,049
11,124
11,043
10,942

11,302

5.27
6.51
7.82
6.02
4.44

5.86
5.42
7.34
6.55
4.40

6.81

6.94

6.22

6.75

5.70

G.40

5.69

94.6
83.5

5.78
4.52
3.44
3.42
4.73

5.94

5.15

5.90

5.25

5.63

5.06

5.19

5.10

5.13

2,990

1,743

2,992

1,765

333
438
544
650

3,059
3,081
3,103
3,125

1,779

2,141
2,124
2,127
2,153

722
711
697
691

3,130
3,148
3,181
3,196

13,706
15,356
14,098
14,826

420
2,243
469 I 2,299
650 I 2,330
630 ! 2,464

666
564
704

3,203
3,212
3,203
3,149

1,840
1,842
1,860
1,900

78.4
77.6
76.4
72.1

10,988
11,249
11,219
11,329

4,468
4,541
4,543
4,823

11,085
11,162
11,095
11,255

19,778
16,784
19,768
18,010

16,588
13,247
15,582
15,002

597
2,204
596 I 2 ,247
700 ! 2,232
637 ! 2,223

542
571
504
468

3,227
3,202
3,176
3,179

1,991

76.9
76.2
75.5
77.0

11,425
11,639
11,783
11,839

4,849
4,690
4,714
4,634

11,537
11,525
11,082
11,156

20,367
19,531
18,184
17,308

19,212
18,675
16,645
14,778

15,580
15,377
14,690
13,895

731
775
761
816

2,250
2,227
2,195
2,225

447
339
273
267

3,195
3,202
3,200
3,201

1,952

1,908

76.1
76.9
78.2
77.5

11,840
11,850
11,716
11,708

4,665
4,692
4,528
4,537

11,173
11,104
11,078
10,880

17,261
19,747

15,071
17,730

13,900

862
884

2,248
2,225

264
297

76,4
76.3

11,877
11,943

4,545
4,530

4.85

5.16

3,191

1,930
1,959

10,891

16,183

11,158

4.70

5.13

3,193

1,772
1,805
1,833
1,870
1,939
1,888

1,952
1,976
1,909

1,937
1,897

4.56

4.90

4.94

4.88

4.35

4.80

4.35

4.58

3.97

4.25

4.13

4.05

3.88

3.78

4.00

3.93

4.48

4.18

5.00

4.38

4.90

4.38

4.73

4.63

4.35

4.63

4.78

4.63

5.23

5.00

4.94

5.13

4.80

5.13

5.05

4.98

5.01

4.95

4.95

5.08

Sse footn-Gtes <wa opposite page -also.
«Includes reports from more than 800 banks in the leading cities in the United States on condition as of last Wednesday of month. Prior to April, 1921, figures are as
of last Friday of month.
5
This column has been recomputed so as to include clearings from 117 identical cities in each year. Estimates had to be made for a few of the smaller cities in the earlier
years to^omplete the data.
• Prior to March, 1921, net deposits were used in calculating reserve ratios.




176

STOCKS AND BONDS.
Table 123.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

Relative to Relative to 1913.
1921.
100

1913 rronthlv average .. .
1914 monthly average
101 ^ -monthly averace
1 1 > monthly average
QP
1917 monthly averase
IQIC monthly average
1919 monthly averace
1920 monthly average
1921 monthly average
1922 monthly average
1921.
September . . .
October
November
December

100

Relative to 1915.

R e l a t i v e t o 1921-

l

170

100

96
83

105 I
98

i

Total bonds.

Liberty and
Victory bonds.

Miscellaneous
bonds.

R e l a t i v e t o 1919.

100
58

80

18

95 !

209

112

26

100
93

88

147

Stocks (shares).

R e l a t i v e t o 1913.

100
93

129

NEW YORK STOCK
EXCHANGE SALES.

Municipal bonds.

16 foreign
government
and city.

5 Liberty and
Treasury bonds.

Combined index
(C7 bonds).*

10 industrial
bonds.4

2

10 public utility
bonds.4

B

10 second-grade
rails.4

xn

1

10 highest4 grade
rails.

xri

I

BOND
YIELDS.6

BOND P R I C E INDEX.

Combined index
(40 bonds).4

YEAR AND MONTH.

Combined index
(103 stocks).2

STOCK P R I C E S .

!

58

13

100

100

100

100

103

103

105

108

91 j

280

132

31

97

96

98

101

96

222

87

28

139

74

91 ;

89

88

87

98

103

173

67

49

53

182

75

90

87

88

84

100

101

377

100

184

70

85

100
99
73
58

67

78

79

77

100
115

136

64

78

S3

81

169

75

i
97 ;

95

95

91

96

127

65

79 i

83

83

75

77

97

130

64

78 1

83

83

75

102

136

65

81

88

87

77

73
79

105

140

66

84

91

80

80

i

105

77

78

112
100
111

j

1 !

100
107

270

100
124

100
110

114

207

162

95

314

290

105
94
111

1

101

101

102

117

185

168

87

106

102

102

103

115

186

166

92

109

107

105

107

112

221

257

91

129

107

i

105

106

101

255

265

93

132

,

1922.
105

143

65

91 1

93

91

83

8 102

103

105

107

98

222

268

97

136

February
March
April

108

149

68

92

92

91

84

102

108

105

109

99

234

263

52

100

111

153

70

94

93

93

88

102

110 1

107

99

328

333

76

111

163

74

96

94

96

90

104

112

107

110
111

May
June
July
August

115

166

76

97

94

96

93

106

113

107

114

166

74

97

95

95

92

105

111

107

117
123

170
178

77
82

98

97

93

100

98
99

99

95

106
107

112
113

September
October
November
December

121

184
191

83

101

99

99

97

108

83

99

96

97

96

107

113
111

119

182

76

97

94

93

94

105

114

187

74

97

94

93

93

105

120

i

i

136

98

;

440

371

111

93

]

418

322

61

122

110

94

|

347

277

53

105 j

108
108

111
111

94
94

i

219
258

265
312

48
38

101

108

110
109

93
92

314
371

285
283

38

107

69

95
118

111

106

108

93

330

254

38

88

111

107

109

94

284

249

45

92

1

!
!

j

145

98

!

1923.
January
February
March
April
May ..
June
. .. .
July
Autjust ..
September
October
November
December.

190

74

96

94

92

93

106

no

107

107

93

292

300

32

94

198

79

96

94

92

93

105

110

106

109

93

328

262

26

81

117

199

78

93

90

89

91

102

109

106

109

92

373

274

28

85

114

195

76

93

91

89

90

101

no

106

110

93

291

248

25

77
86

112

!

111

186

73

93

92

90

90

102

no

106

110

94

334

234

41

100

182

73

94

92

90

90

103

109

106

no

95

293

242

31

80

98

176

70

93

92

90

89

102

106

109

95

183

173

26

60

102

177

68

94

93

88

90

102

no
no

106

108

96

190

163

18

51

100

177

69

93

92

88

89

102

109

106

108

98

211

152

20

51

100

175

69

92

92

88

88

101

109

105

108

228

204

33

72

i)
See footnotes on opposite page also.
1
Bond price index based on 4 per cent bond and bond sales from Dow, Jones & Co.; combined indexes for 103 stocks and 67 bonds, respectively, 6 Liberty and Victory
bonds, 16 foreign government and city bonds, compiled by the New York Trust Co.; municipal bond yields from The Bond Buyer; and stock prices and sales from the
A nnatist.
2
Includes 25 railroads, 10 iron and steel, 5 railroad equipment, 9 motor (including accessories), 5 rubber tires. 5 shipping, 5 sugar, 5 leather and shoe, k tobacco, 10 copper,
10 oil, and 9 New York bank and trust companies taken as of the last day of the month.




177

STOCKS AND BONDS.
Table 124.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
(Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
STOCK PRICES.

Y E A R AND M O N T H .

Combined
index
(103

stocks).

25
25
indus- railtrials.3 roads.

Dollars per share.

1913 monthly a v .

.! 58.
J 75.
.1 99.

10
highest
grade
rails.<

16
forCom10
5
10
10
eign
bined
secLibgovindex
erty
ond public indusutility
trial
ern(67 ; and
grade bonds.< bonds.'
bonds). Treas. ment
rails.*
and
ury.
city.

Per cent of par value of 4 per cent bond.

Per cent of par value.

58.19 $82.97
.j$58,

1914 monthly a v .
1915monthly a v .

Combined
index
(40
bonds).

1916 monthly a v .
1917 monthly a v .

80.
105.
107.

1918monthly a v .
1919 monthly a v .
1920 monthly a v .
1921 monthly av.
1922 monthly a v .

84.57
97.08

79.

Mis- Liberty
MuTotal
and
nici- Stocks, cellaneous Victory bonds.
pal
bonds. bonds.
bonds.

55.9
..94
53.
1.21

98.
;.58 j 62.38

Thousands of
shares.

Per
cent.

76.76
80.49
75.58
61. .34
!.O6
62.

NEW YORK STOCK
EXCHANGE SALES.

BOND
YIELDS.6

BOND PRICE INDEX.

89.79
92.45
87.43

75.55
78.00
72.42

73.82
77.59
72.36

70.51
75.89
71.35

80.02
77.89
71.33
74.39

66.12
66.33
58.54
61.43
71.76

63.89
61.77
51.99
53.92
67.50

69.36
70.76
60.12
55.28
74.00

55.10
55. 63
57.18
59.12

54.41
51.16
55.69
54.22

61.07
62.34
64.65
66.58

8 71. 63
72.07
71.80
73.59

91.93
92.63
93 72
95.21

97.50
98.29
99.39

84.60

68.46
68.47
70. 06
72.20

84.80
85. 29
88. 09
89.01

72.83
71.89
73.18
75. 05

68.65
67.92
68. 47
69.83

74. 42
74.10
74.64
75. 73

96.79
95.03
96. 03
96.86

11,948
26,073
18.728
14,334
21.729

4.60
4.49
5.00
5.08
4.23

62.75
62. 83
65.80
67.59

6,924 $41,499
3,992 56,959
79,G23
14,448
94,199
19,404
61,866 7$40,842
15,378

4.45
4.16
4.23
4.06
4.26

69.84
69.07
59.70
60.15
74.11

85.42

85.38 I 93.20
94.93 ! 99.54

92.42
101.43

Thousands of dollars,
par value.

47,544 117,059 164,603
71,322 j 236,814 308,136
88,563 235,406 323,969
115,686 173,130 288,816
206,948 136,442 343,390

12,807
12,883
15,332
17,622

119,819
118,408
183,320
188,880

207,123
218,01S
214,625
219,342

326,942
336,426
397,945
408,222

191,216
187,368
237,852
264,341

$41,499
56,959
79,623
94,199
85,690

1921.

September
October
November
December

81.12
82.42
86.11

60. 74
74. 72
59.83 j 74.52

54.10
53. 51
54.19
54.40

62.13
64.10

78. 59
81. 62

88.74
90.93
93.79
93.53

82. 99

54.21
56.57
57.98
61.62

70.22
70.71
71.85
73. 69

83.23

97. 56

1922.
January
February...
March
April

74.10
75.43
79.14
81.73

96. 84

62.92
61.49
63.72
67.64

74.72
74.28

88.39

86. 47
89.20
94.59

82.95
83.33

86.41
93. 74
87.24 | 95.43
91.17
98. 21
91. 07
97. 72

94.01
95. 03
98.25

5.22
5.13
5.00
4.50

9.90

99.00
100.90
101. 85
102.84

4.38
4.41
4.39
4.35

15,394
16,185
22,734
30,468

228,613
121,981
180,639
182,582

419,829
309,349
418,491
446,923

100.11
100.13
100. 84
100. 27

102. 71
101. 89
102. 24
100. 27

4.15
4.18
4.19

28,911 I 229,460 144,967
24,036 ! 197,772 126,121
15, 149 188, 691 114,284
89,855
850
1", 222,863

374,427
323,893
302,975
312,718

101. 59
100. 35
100. 21
100. 84

21, 7 5
4.15
7
4.09 : 25,
676
4.14 i 22,
882
692
4.18 : 19,

98.64

I!
;
jj
!
|

May....
June
July
August..

96. 76
96.69
99.06 ! 99.06
103. 65 103. 68

September.
October
November.
December..

102. 02

107. 02

101.65
100. 68
96. 53

111.25
106. 09
109.08

68.70
68.53
.63.46
61.71

77.47
75.96
74.10
74.11

89.29
85.93
84.68
84.82

74, 89
73.29
70.52
70.29

71.59
70.75
69.28
68.91

76.28
75. 53
73. 79
74.3S

90.34 100.32
95.06
99.31
94.53 j 98.88
95.00 I 99.57

94.67

110.35
j 115.03
99.29 116.03
96. 48 113.46

61.71
65.28
65. 06
63.04

73.70
73.42
71.65
71.29

84.46
84.18
81.15
81.55

69.82
69.31
67.42
67. 48

68.34
68. 40
67.41
66.52

74.43
73.80
72.25
71.44

94. 26
99. 29 99.22
94.26 I 99.05 100. 55
93.11 I 98.55 100.78
93.81
98. 88 101.48

4.16
4.14
4.11
4.13

71.71
71.80
71.40

82.58
82.73
82.78
83.66

67.73
68.09
67.70
67.81

66.38
66716
65.70
66.35

72.25
72.35
71. 68
72.02

93.97
93.18
93.54
93. 53

101.37
101.27
98.95 100. 52
98. 75 100.17

4.18 j
4.22 M
4.24 !!
4.29 |
:

23,106
20,317
12,668
13,126

82.76
82.46

66. 80
66.29

65. 95
64.75

71.71
71.25

92. 90
93.01

98. 40
98.20

4.35

14,610
15,809

:

203,184
201,506
181,457
177,670

88,909
163,616
89,420
106,317

292,093
365,122
270,877
283,987

76,239
61,207
66,599
60,351

290,424
243,357
261, 745
236,993

97,633
73, 474
61, 747
41,776

264,369
246,130
184,815
156,380

1923.
January
February...
March
April
May

94.11 i 108.18

June
July
August

84.61 105. 94
82. 87 102. 52
86.20 102. 95

60.73
60.95
58.07
56.24

71.86

September.
October
November.
December..

84. 54 102. 74
84.33 101.78

57.14
57.06

70.56

71.22

98.81

99.62
99.45

!
!
|
i

20,208 j 214,185
22,691 j 187,150
25,855 195,146
20,136 176, 642
166,736
172, 656
123,068
116,604 !

I
108,459 j 48,048
145,585
77,423

156,507
223,008

See footnotes on opposite page also.
Prices are averages, as taken at the end of each week, of the closing prices for these stocks on New York Stock Exchange.
* These indices are combined from the yields of the average prices of the boeds for each day of the month, the average yields for the 10 bonds of each class being capitalized at 4 per cent to give the index.
£ Includes 6 Liberty and Victory bonds (the two issues Victory bonds being replaced at their redemption by the Treasury bonds, this making only 5 issues), 16 foreign 6 government and city, 20 railroads, 10 public utilities, and 5 telegraph and telephone issues taken as of the last day of the month.
Average market yield of bonds of 20 large cities at the first of each month.
7
Represents an average of seven months, June to December, inclusive.
8
Five substitutions in this series in January, 1922, account for the violent change in the index.
3

68690°—23-




-12

178

CORPORATE AND MUNICIPAL FINANCING.
Table 125.—nTOEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
CORPORATE I S S U E S .

i

Siis

1

I!

o
H

New capital iss ues.

1

11
1

1

Street
railways.

|

Steam
railroads.

Dividend Payments. 3

Total dividend
interest paym

Liabilities.

Firms.

New incorporat

si H

YEAR AND
MONTH.

SOUTHNEW
MUNICIPAL ; ERN
BOND
BOND
ISSUES.* ! SUES.™

j

j

Total corporate
securities. I

CO

i
o
•d
z

1

3

1

tn

•a

11
1

c

©

Relative to 1913.

£*£

Total.

DIVIDEND AND INTEREST
PAYMENTS.

BUSINESS I
FAILURES.

Temporary
loans (short
term).

II

Relative to 1913. Relative
to 1922.

Relative to 1920.

I

i

1913 mo. av
1914 mo av
1915 mo. av.
1916 mo. av.
1917 mo. av.
191S mo.
1919 mo.
1920 mo.
1921 mo.
1922 mo.

av.
av.
av.
av.
av.

100

ioo !

IOO

IOO

70

101

98

95

99

105

95

94

95

105

IOO

109

•"<}

j

87

121

32

109

96

i

1Oi>

IOO

114

131

138

111

106

72

161

120

111

117

106

123

133

122

80

67

217

134

129

147

105

132

93

109

81

62

60

;

10T>

153

122

140

98

129

82

40

42

I

613

179

114

125

96

122

184

55

108

725

192

115

130

96

124

189

IOO

!

61

\

87

93
IOO

IOO

IOO

1S9

230

385

188

110

117

96

122

160

26

113

67

231

i

227

406

192

111

113

95

120

208

58

129

86

288

|

308

110

163

284

'

160

80

64

150

3

152

79

300

206

128

234

292

i

241

131

155

93

175

75

4

43

25

69

367

149

235

214

124

108

187

20

120

72

216

385

359

1 204
««
i

69

183

92

126

50

64

232

31

173

113

221

357
921

137

348

148

I
i
60

IS
!
1

!

1

9S

123

'

158
i

76

!
I
!

IOO

148

1M

115
127

1

1922.
January
February...
Marc,
April

IOO

IOO

1921.
September .
October
November..
December ..

IOO

IOO

204

325

490

244

145

100

292

153

36

140

87

268

227

33

174

320

343

114

1

105

103

111

125

148

35

85

52

226

263

120

62

184

315

425

190

1 110

117

115

64

42

173

103

369

370

162

171

162

322

460

31

•

196

i

144

92

162

325

196

120

307

433

12

68

164
194

I

73

i

67

83

94

292

!

110

167

134

365

37

111

j

84

!

240

i

148

May
June...
July
August

130

168

131

176

128

177

September .
October
November..
December ..

117

162

|

377

164

79

97

128

152

i

378

247

131

155

173
368
375

(

124

195
i

207

245

ij

147

545

!

139

232

106

70

169

119

499

48

170

19

137

54

527

352

62

80

162

47

53

44

122

247

48

!

63

62

201

173

135

127

386

350

108

I

93

176

124

22

143

72

383

221

150.

94

44

111

168

108

:

83

134

141

120

i

286
289

in

:

67
87
70
101

130

177

469

174

!

90

70

124

j

109

159

22

72

43

162

157

116

136

229

472

218

1

94

129

51

j
i

66

316

90

80

80

128

276

87

i

81

159

217

528

310

204

152

100

298

461

152

309

197

833

290

121

i

79

113

179

407

119

107

106

112

128

I

173

90

113

103

124

230

88

77

126

213

291

191

112

120

117

65

!

229

72

147

109

236

22^

88

68

114

227

584

252

126

148

93

171

76

70

85

1923.
January
February...
March
April
May
June
July
August
September.
October...
"November
December.

!

115

181

474

102

126

814

92

157

421

99

151

1

:

197
!

195

1

1

!

!

169
1

200

132

107

109

191

102

254

!

34

108

74

164

297

64

!

113

!

|

133

|

^

149

|

127

86

96

36

47

||

238

28

160

95

101

137

114

178

ii

173

24

70

58

345
-

501

144

254

247

154

111

111

124

87

; ioo

16

75

49

69

158

97

11

56
54
i

92

126
349

409

j
|

I!

100

62

:

69

261

134

i

158

95

!

184

173

291

125

92

ll

72

126

174

i

ii

82

Ii

!

150
180

I

33

!

71

61

20

153

68

i

118

il

See footnotes on opposite page also.
1 Business failures are from Dun's Review; Dividend and interest payments, Now capital issues, and New incorporations from the New York Journal of Commerce;
Municipal bond issues from The Bond Buyer; Southern bond issues from the Manufacturers' Record; Stock, Bonds, and Total Corporate securities from Commercial and
Financial Chronicle.
2 Represents the value of the authorized capital of new enterprises incorporated in the principal eastern states.
3 Monthly data for the period 1913-3921 will be found in the October SURVEY (NO. 14), page 46.
< Includes bank dividends not separately shown for those months where such payments are reported. The total interest payments may be obtained by subtracting
total dividend payments from total interest and dividend payments, monthly data of which for the period 1913-1921 were published in the September SURVEY (NO. 13),
p. 51. It is to be noted that the total dividend and interest payments for July, 1918, should be stated as $333,011,000, instead of $633,011,000.




179
CORPORATE AND MUNICIPAL FINANCING.
Table 126.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
DIVIDEND AND INTEREST
PAYMENTS.

BUSINESS
FAILURES.

1

CORPORATE ISSUES.

NEW

MUNICIPAL
BOND 9

ISSUES.

Total corporate securities.

Dividend payments.'

SOUTHERN
BOND
SUES. 10

Bag,

monthly a v —
monthly av
monthly a v
monthly av
monthly av

1918
1919
1920
1921
1922

monthly av
monthly a v . . . .
monthly av
monthly av
monthly av

I

!

Sit
s

II

Number of
firms.
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917

£2

sat!

I

einporary
ins (short
term).

i
a
8

ermanent
ans (long
term).

8
YEAR AND MONTH.

Ho

3

Thousands of dollars.

$172,301 $148,103 $69,838 $38,527 $24,733 $4,906 $137,145
120,306 148,948 68,481 36,530 24,549 5,368 119,710
164,915 155,426 66,019 36,374 23,613 5,149 119,613
276,925 177,919 77,176 44,986 26,095 6,020 182,208
373,198 199,095 89,856 56,542 26,038 6,493 127,498

1,536

$22,723
29,826
1,846 25,191
1,416 16,351
1,155 15,203
1,523

834 13,585
183,275
538 9,441 ! !l, 056,519
740 24,593 11,249,920
1,638 52,284
663,260
1,973 51,491
700,013

227,061
265,764
284,573
278,484
283,730

85,184 53,788
79,745 48,264
80,248 50,140
76,965 45,200
77,562 l! 43,727

236,801
356,779
245,051
301,951

56,201
91,445
62,750
64,150

6,318
5,977
6,074
5,970
5,905

24,135
23,705
23,832
23,668
23,509

$34,049 $40,268 !
37,159 23,838 |
41,049 12,894 j
41,450 24,367
37,078 32,704 I

112,068
21,902
251,764
64,183
258,886 $89,253 !$157,935 j$225,825 $21,357 ! 64,472
219,572 23,271 | 177,963 j 151,828 49,407 \ 118,385
284,978 51,969 204,078 194,587 61,460 > 104, !0
i
li

| 39,428 !•
37,508 !i
55,341 j!
! 63,503 |j
' 30,432 \' $26,316

1921.

September..
October
November..
December..

37,021
53,059
53,470
87,502

1,466
1,713
1,988
2,444

489,846
503,394
367,956
618,572

38,150
59,850
26,750
48,550

14,901 3,150
23,000 8,595
30,700 I 5,300
12,450 3,150

205,792
2,500 239,780 178,172
103,149
3,420
67,468 56,151
255,938 j 18,030 ! 189,774 j 161,596
j
318,335 27,933 j 273,803 254,442 |

64,108 ii 100,798

73,529

14,737 || 125,126

59,543

40,208 || 121,488

40,184

47,293 ; 313,740

51,075

1922.
January..
February.
March
April
,

73,796
843,653 j 361,925 136,925 55,300 24,650 j 14,325 209,662 ! 32,333 220,597 195,739
72, COS
591,404 169,350 73,250 ! | 39,650 27,450 j 6,150
202,749 j 30,894 j 134,774 117,467
71,608 1 731,866 280,950 76,850 j! 45,250 | 28,450 ! 3,150 283,724 I 37,413 j 273,103 j 231,800
1
73,059
792,372 363,235 86,376 | 55,550 22,875 7,951 445,196 27,792 ! 309,852 271,976
;

2,723
2,331
2,463
2,167

May....
June....
July....
August.

44,403
938,195
38,242 jj 297,557
40,010 j 634,259
40,280 j 646,605

1,960
1,740
1,753
1,714

September..
October
November..
December..

1,566
1,708
1,737

650,044 |
651,577
808,720
813,901

34,647
40,265
52,069

1,814

242,576 50,970 j; 25,875
287,100 j 58,900 | 36,100
344,050
'8,150 j 51,650
178,061 74,261 1 41,500
1

20,875

4,601

77,288

I 48.201 :| 89,493
j 78,710 i| 125,903
j 65,008 !| 147,300

13,228 | 30,701
48,157 1 16,444
1
65,231
45,113
17,881
4,940

14,720 | 29,176
|
19,245 i 38,949
17,529
121,014 |112,550 I 120,008 24,811
22,829
98,500 I 20,150 j 83,957 19,471

264,274

301,783 j 61,024 ji 124,425

20,650 I 2,150 j | 329,304 |j 02,888 ! 207,013

208,725 | 01,770 j | 109,994

27,475
28,825

400,700 ; 98,532

! 57,191 ||

8,225 ! 232,976
:
3,936 | 222,012

17,300
41, 745

37,425 14,725 3,115 j 276,320 154,689
59,825 j 22,975 8,635 j: 170,582 19,801
257,072 I! 62,810 | 20,800 j 30,050 | 5,300 j 217,714 19,478
322,240 || 05,570 j 49,800 | 12,510 3,200 | 433,200 80,710
242,165 1 55,266 |
1

210,810
82,971

I 35,153

18,511
26,580
24,672
21,401

75, 773
88, 171

48,665
35, 404
35,552
00 ..07 3

20,832
20, 202
17,848
25,400

253, 425 | 52,925 i 20,950 i 20,975 \5,000 | 348,220 ; 30,582 ' 171,126 j 10-5,583 | ,128 i 101,250
35
292,400 !| 60,300 i 30,900 | 21,100 2,300 326,711 jj 25,427 j262,928 ; 214,001 | 73 j! 170,660
j
,754
375,510 I 100,400 I 52,910 I 28,100 i 8,750 237,25S Ij 21,715 j110,415 | 130,530 I 1 , 0 0 0 '•
!
O'J, I l l
187,525 1 77,525 i 42,675 ! 30,000 j
4,250
137,423 i 14,557 '
i

25.595
40,705
02,203
4,439

29, 865
34,961
14,840
14,264

356,035 j| 91,435 |

213,992 280, ISO
225,123 163,184
113,242 | 98,070
120,028 J 179,909

: 82,500 j 119,209
81, 740 I 75,125
34,051 ! 53.497
. 27,375 \ j 04,100

43,650
| 60,328
I 40,045

1923.
January

j 2,120 | 49,210 jj

February....,

j 1,503 | 40,028 ;! 700,705

909,094

March

; 1,082 j 48,393 j 503,819

April

! 1,520 | 51,492 1,006,258

May
June
Julv
August

1,530

;

41,022

1, 358

28,67S

817,230
1, 403,336

231 ! 35,721

24,920

! 1,31L» i 34,335 ;

335,402

459,510
175,855
282.800
372,535

! 142,710 ! 58,700 I 24,800
|
ij 74,055 :j 40,700 | 27,055
|j 78,210 l| 40,100 I 28,900
i 88,275 50,900 ; 23,100
i

•!

September
October

1,226 : 28.099

500,830 :

! 1,873 I 79,302 | 704,000 !

November

J

\

December

|

'

25S,416
387,120
250,500

!

57,216 : 38,506 j 15,315 ' ,396
,015
93,420 ' 60,795 j 23,010
04,500 | 27,575 j 31,150

032,784
237,609
313,928
274,425

1135,874 | 487.515
! 80,315 ; 177,889
,
j 64,536 ! 231,760
i
117,802 168,817

!
:

I 111,410

205,510 ;; 29,870 ;
l
246,446 V

j 445,403 177, 920
; 231,095 20,510
: 245,938 ! v\ 357
50,
757
! 245, S02 ! 40

; 137,DOS i 4,182

!]
|i
ji
|!

98, 741
78, 272

51,037

17,938

[

Sec footnotes on opposite page also/
stocks for new capital and refunding purposes.
both long and short term bonds and notes representing new capital and refunding capital.
all forms oi corporate securities floated for purposes of new capital.
all forms of corporate securities floated for purposes of refunding.
Sales by States and municipalities of New Bond Issues.
io The South herein represented consists of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri. North Carolina, Oklahoma,
South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.
5
Includes
6
Includes
7
Includes
8
Includes
0




180

AGRICULTURAL AND CORPORATE FINANCING.
Table 127.—ENTDEX NUMBEKS.

From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
AGRICULTURAL LOANS.

Fed- Jointeral
farm- stock
land
land
bcnks loan banks.
banks.:

War Finance Corporation.*

Total

YEAR AND MONTH.

I (3)

With banks and
live-stock loan
companies^
Ad- | Revanee- p a y - Bal~*
m e n t s . ments.; a n c t -

Loans closed.
Relative to 1919.
1917 monthly average
1918 monthly average
1919 monthly average
1920 monthly average
1921 monthly average
1922 monthly average

20
66
100
49
52
190

28
85
100
52

2
3
4
4
15
42
59
81

17
53
79
108

September
October
November
December

74

With cooperative
marketing
associations.

65
161

16
100
40
18
268

Railroads.

Industrial
corporations.

Public
utilities.

AdNew j Re- ji New j ReNew | ReRe- {
vance- p a y - ,| Bal- ! capi- ! fund- I capi- f u a d - capl- : fundp
p
ments. ments. > a n c e #
tal. i iii£.
taJ.
tal. | ing.
ing;.

Relative to 1922.

Relative to 1919.

3
2
4
2

May
Ju ne
July
August

NEW CORPORATE BOND ISSUES.

ioo ! ioo ! ioo ; ioo

ioo

ioo

100
303
337
466

100
235
228
250

IOO 1 IOO 100
1
32
153 1 171
1
858 jj 299 217
359

354

IOO
2S9
333
677

1921.
January
February
March
April

|! 88
j j 108

275
365
222
13

115
130
253

12
200
320

| 1,600
1
18
45

34
160
243

12

320
251
213
298

1,107
159
148
69

299
84
315
302

249 ,
1
207
76

167
103
146
100

257
683
64

594 j
312
618 •.

157
147
129
704

848
(2)
233
186

274
332
358

1,087
515
529

91
(2) |
! 233
193 1 1,011
1
152 i 166
|

239

135
142
100

1,018
313
850
1,248

942
641
524
407

115
182
419
263

281
393
114
562

83
69
70

235
776
287
59

(')
26
1,149

1,301
538
279
112

333
369
522
10

23
32
156

67
73
132
166

368
128
42
263

153
136
273

298
610
208
170

476
610
588
51

I
315
I 1,989
226
I 856
338
! 970
136
I 492
172 j (2)
323 ; 1,304
239 ; 275
208 : 105

172
150
126
177

611
392
677
446

136
338
341
None.

483
653
296

948
00
278
672

ji 1,576 ; 5,200
| 296 | 616
|
1 433 : 27
1
| 380 411

435
169

None.

202

| None.

311 I None.

370
461
254
230

356
897
6
260

J 162 | 1,133
|
j 262 ' 488
:
I 477 : S5
I 23 | None.
:

286

319

24

116
198
203
341

j ! 315
| 244
; 264
!
' 128

18
31
75
83

70
89
107
114

94
52
26
15

14
36
246
185

May
June
July
August

205
174
165
183

168
156
142
152

304
224
225
269

108
48
30
23

120
93
92
135

116
115
113
108

226

150
77
70
45

205
260
235
, 254
1
I

155
168
158
169

340
506
440
483

13
13

102
173
150
129

103
94
88
82

6
47
340
255

January
February...
March
April.......

291
296
289
259

185
151
163
137

577
686
629
5S7

! 24
,
| 14
j
| 14
|
i
| 9

147
105
107
81

76
72
67
64

273

;

87
134
146
106

May
June
July
August

215
198
163
147

137
135
126
123

72
55
39
44

61
58
56
54

None. ;
None.
None, j
None. !

113
159
101
197

155
124
104
65

49
84

52
48

None. ,
95 j

96
60

46

September..
October....
November..
December..

65 ;
156
74 ;
32 I

[ 102
935

157
160
192
157

425
36S
262
212

500
208
159
220

51
113

146
170
195
207

1933.

238
51

10
17
51
84

January
February...
March
April

September..
October
November..
December..

7,406

147
96
308

n

1,722
528

38

16 !
18 !

74

221 :

I
'
196

41

57

See footnotes on opposite page also.
Data on loans closed by joint-stock banks and Federal farm-loan banks from the Federal Farm Loan Board; other agricultural loans from the War Finance Corpora'
tion;2 new corporate bond issues are compiled by the Commercial and Financial Chronicle.
Index number less than 1.
8
These data represent loans for agricultural development secured by mortgages on land and buildings. For detailed information as to organization and operations of
the Federal Farm Loan Board see the first ''Annual Report" of the board, Document No. 714, and subsequent "Annual Reports" of the board. The banks were closed
during the greater part of 1920, pending litigation in the Supreme Court involving the constitutionality of the Federal farm-loan act. When operations were resumed
the banks were flooded with loan requests, many of which could not be granted because the cessation of bond selling had depleted the resources. These facts will account
for the diminished figures of 1920 and 1921.
1




181

AGRICULTURAL AND CORPORATE FINANCING.
Table 128.—JTUMEItlCAl DATA.
From Government and mm*<Gewe*nment sources.1
[Base year in bold^-fttcerd tfysi index lttfittifoefS on opposite page.]
P E CORPORATE BOND ISSUES.
NW

AGRICULTURAL LOANS.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Total Federal Jotntfarm- stotft
by
loan
land
land
banks. batiks.
banks.
C3)
C3)

War Finance Corporation.*

AdRevancepayments. ments.

Loans closed.

Wttfe cooperative
marketing
associations.

Witktau&ksand
live-stock loan
companies. 5

Railroads.

Industrial
Public utilities, j corporations.6

ReBalNew
auce. | capital. funding.

Balance.

ReRe- ! New
New
capital. fund- capital. i funding.
ing.

Thousands of dollars.
1917 monthly average.
1918monthly average.,
1919 monthly average..
1920monthly average.
1921 m o n t h l y average..

1922 monthly average..
1921.
January
February.
,
March
April
May
June
July
August..

,

September
October
November.
Deceirber

$3,259
10,526

9,826

15*983
7,SS3

6,071

8,364
30,235

18,678

$701

11,614

387
438
604
561
2,426
6,706
9-, 332
12,906
11,840
14,050
17,263
32,877

January
February
March
April

23,215
27,100
31,036
32,953

May
June
July
August

32,597
27,747
26,260
20,239 !
I
32,670 ;
41,358 !
i
37,410 j
40,486

September
October
November
December

$3,259

7,5S6

$4,729

25,198 i
28,058 |
$8,862

$1,708

$166,969

1,391 | $7,082

4,500 jj 16,667

February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October

$943

24,906

2,730

24,163 '

3,138

25,152 ||

29,165

10,269

38,707 i 10,394 ||

36,544

16,9S5 || 26,568
I;

48,722
20,313
15,475

355

32

22,546

50,510

279

159

30,350

15,495

411

193

None.

None.

213

348

18,453
12,196 j

3,072

33,904 I 10,436

29,170

1,500

3,500 jj 22,560

217,227 !| 21,424 |

None.
6,987
8,000 j

6,383

7,377 | 26,627

1,400

1,500 I1 31,645
11,780 |j

650

17,673

2,428
6,443

1,958

468

6,129

577

9,180

70 ||

10,929

9,204

128

25,600 |

N o n e . |j

30,741

9,800 ||

15,450

600

12,506

400

None, i

1,500 ||

29,450

3,611 jj

10,600

2,250

11,407

433

8,000

13,300 j

750 '!

133,020
1,-716

15,054 j

2,209 1 28,108
1

103

29,238 j

3,639 jj 44,9S8

343

18,208

5,023
8,573
8,787
14,745

44,324
34,357
37,107
17,967

19,464
18,077
16,549
17,605

13,133
9,670
9,711
11,634

15,129
6,714
4,232
3,166

10,625

17,967 | 14,703
19,478 21,880
18,399 19,011
19,585 20,901

1,139
897
1,867
1,815

9,048
15,307
13,261
11,416

18,192
18,527
22,249

1,596
2,730
6,.648
7,372

8,231
8,181
11,926

1,716
29,720
74,365

640
2,987
4,521

2 I 3,625 ;
172 j 7,975 !

None. | j

8,909

28,108

16,700

None.

None. ||

22,716

14,737

15,575 I None.

8,454

5,655 j|

98,640 \

10; 432

13,640

!

2,200

77,751 !
|

4,449 'i
i!

16,236 !

20,244 !i

74,656 !
j

1,750

i

117,003
148,720
179,179
189,775

1,759
975
477
278

497 i 10,023
26,021 I
3 , 4 2 4 I 7,076 I; 70,684

194,279
192,762
188,813
180,053

4,209

19,543 j

13
None.
700

189 j

9,545

2 573 ' 4,782 i;
!
6,906 !
2,084 I
5,S52 |i
1,066 |
4,872 i
980 i
4,942 ;
030 |
326 | 4,728 j;

84,629 |

103,756

64,511 I
23,825 j
4,879 j

27,643 1 11,218 i 13,300 ||
1
18,800 |i

17,733 I

15,383 1 40,902 '
1
11,945 ! |

25,628 |

18,575 j|
5,395 ||
26,567 'j

8,-875 i None.
29,060 ! 10,250
!

4,858

38,000 !

4,990

35,192

None. || 126,888 j 15,746 || 33,418 | 18,757
750 ii

52,510 j

17,459 |j

23,936

8,074

33,702 1 27.240 - 24,709 l| 35,848 \ 9,144
1
N o n e . |j

470

1

14,459 i

20.241 i

28,852 ii

25,384 ;

2,591

16,605

27,822

22,108 !

989

10,971 |

4.641

18,240 ! None.
None, ji 29,0S5 i
4,500 jj 59,512 , 22,500 '} 34,303 : 12,297
450 | 5,153 i| 10,625 j

172,143
157,733 |

880

146,339 ||

6,336 i

2,173 !

9,321

3,505 |

4,000 ii

136,737 I

4,759 j

2,303 , 11,777

21,872 !

8,000 |j

112

it
i|

i

30,637 ]

2,430

1923.
January

$10,608

1,504

$ 8 , 3 U ! $2,933 I $9,754

1,812 !|
778 j!
11,557 | $14>060

21.501
47,153 | 17,488
46,124 j 18,916 j
41,323 j 15,942 I
j
34,268 | 15,910 |
31,558 i 15,640
2"-, 930 I 14,5S6 I
23,424 I 14,273
,SI-' !.

lo.033

24,944

3,346

13,011 | 127,072

2,026 j

9,268

119,830 ;

27,20S j

1,996 j

9,4S0

112,346 |

25,381 i|

1,213

7,153

106,406 j

101,037
97,078
93,963
90,415

18,358 ||

971

6,340

15.918 jj

934

•i, 892

11,344 |j

362

3,478

316 j

3, 864

220 i

4,313

617 !

7.. 417

1,607
300
329
5,089

| None.
! None.
j None.
! None.

86.328 j None.
79,528 i 1,618

1,212

:

12,172 r

50,802 •

4,000 |- 66,940 ; 44,833 j| 167,149 j 49,601
;

2,855

31,410 ;

63.683 j

13,132 ;

45,890 '

250

28,850 j
ii
:
2,170 | 30,0/33

31,800 i

40,273 |

3.S72

10,609 , 32,555 j 9,903 i
2,029 , 8,.9O7 | 56,300
10,000 i
1,469 12,528 i 37,051 t None. ;
1.565 ;

47.082

10,.961 i 36,157 |
10,823
S, 755
42,422
14,045 |
None. j| 44,935 ,
1,409 i 7,347
300
16,780 |
None, ji 24,780 ;
12,304
2;744 i 4,603
25,895 j

1.566 '.
2, 20 j

1,335 i
S31 !

3.26S i 23,810 |
4.0"5 '

None, ji 22,479 j
1,000 ['• 31,135 !

1,150

5,805

'

17,179 ' 10, 0S5

:

27,765 |
50,585 j

i

4,600
800

.
:

20,843

November
December

See footnotes on opposite page also.
for "Agricultural and live-stock purposes" under the agricultural credits act of August 24,1921.
Loans to banks and live-stock associations wore combined because of their parallel trend. Cooperative, Marketing Association i'ieures could not well be combined
beer use of their opposite movement.
'•> Represents bond issues of the following industries combined: Iron, steel, coal, copper, equipment, manufacturers, motors and accessories, and miscellaneous industrial
and :::;:niifac-ti.iring companies.
4
Advances
f)




182

CORPORATION STOCKHOLDERS.
Table 129.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAI DATA.
Data from commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]

PENNSYLVANIA
RAILROAD
CO.

YEAR AND MONTH.

AMERICAN
U. S. STEEL CORP. TELEPHONE! PENNSYLVANIA
(COMMON
AND TELE- RAILROAD CO.
STOCK).
GRAPH CO.

Stockholders. Stockholders. Per- Stockholders
centage of |
shares !i
held
DoDoDoForby
mes- For- mes- Foreign.
eign.
. b r ok-jl tic.
tic.
tic.
ers.

Stockholders.

Domestic.

Relative to 1913.

Foreign.

1913 quarterly average.

100

100

108

105

100
115

100
111

1915 quarterly average.

112

105

2 101

1916 quarterly average.

117

61

95

1917 quarterly average.

12S

20

107

100

1OO

91

107

113

2 129

89

117

122

61

107

127

114

78

101

MS

96

1,529
1,697
2
1,980
939
1,191

51.48

53,205

46.73

56,932

1,773
1,727
1,500
1,743
2,869

64,314
73,510
88,085
104,621
97,580

1,484
1,175
1,300
1,341
1,380

43.22
40. 65
30.35
22.45
24.36

82,246
85,909
89,665
94,520

1,337
1,320
1,287
1,256

103,093
103,976
105,355
106,061
105,261
97,989
94,789
92,281

174

13

213

85

190

15

252

88

1922 quarterly average.

187

26

235

90

97

177

96

Foreign.

Number.

41,436
47,777
2 42,020
39,365
41,531

1920 quarterly average..

155

15

Domestic.

11,258
11,839
11,816
6,884
2,235

1921 quarterly average..

16

153

Foreign.

72,714
78,682
81,603
85,343
93,331

102,798
111,316
59 1 247
1
122
126,424
44 Ij 3 0 8 193
138,450
47
iO9
221 I! 136,181

141

1919 quarterly average.

Domestic.

Stockholders.
Percentage
of
shares
held
by
brokers.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

1OO

1918 quarterly average.

Stockholders.

Number.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS.

1914 quarterly average.

AMERICAN
TELEPHONE
AND TELEGRAPH CO.

U. S. STEEL CORP.
(COMMON
STOCK).

S4

ISO

110

79

ji 217

119

45. S7

62,279

55.08

67,504

51.88

78,597

1,041
1,175
1,270
1,187
999

217,599

1,143
1,239
1,267
2,013
2,297

33.46

i| 122,999

1,173

32.09

jl 131,558

1,173

30.69
25.17

134,112
137,901

1,547

1,283
1,334
1,368
1,379

24.27
22.61
21.49
21.44

144,716
153,649
172,770
183,676

1,774

1,399
1,370
1 384
1,365

22.02
24.09
25.05
26.28

195,608
201,303
228,592
246,494

2,217

1,355

26.24

|i 255,421

2,524

1,351

23.34

||

2,603

20.83

j!

96,035
115,482
131,643
163,703

1920.

March
June
September
December
1921.
March
June
September
December
1922.
March
June
September
December
1923.
March
June
September
December
,

167

14

198

87

65

231

172

14

207

86

62

247

176

13

216

84

60

181

13

82

121,326

1,595

124,943

1,525

252

113
113
113

127,768

1,472

49

259

149

131,659

1,409

188

13

249

84

47

272

170

137,007

1,386

192

12

251

87

44

289

188

139,702

1,373

190

12

254

89

42

325

206

138,243

1,362

191

26

256

90

42

345

209

138,847

2,852

191

26

254

368

213

236

47

378

215

185

25

229

49

430

222

185

25

223

51

463

234

138,895
136,940
134,279
134,609

2,915

26

91
90
91
89

43

188

187
188
195

25

224

51

480

242

2,814

25

221

45

490

250

136,247
136,356
141,433

i

2,888 '
2,851
2,820

1,174

1,953
2,146
2,180

2,233
2,309
2,431

I

25

40

2,843
2,852

92,711
91,593

260,446

1
These data showing the growth of stockholders in three prominent companies—a railroad, a public utility, and an industrial—have been furnished direct by the
respective companies and represent the number of holders of common stock on their books at the end of each quarter, i. e., Decemberfiguresare for Dec. 31 or Jan. 1.
8
Dec. 31figures;other quarters of 1915 not available.




183

PUBLIC FINANCE.
Table 130.—(A) ItfBEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
XT. S.
GOVERNMENT
FINANCES.3

U. S. GOVERNMENT
DEBT.*
Total
interestbearing.

YEAR AND MONTH.

Customs
receipts. 8

Gross
debt.

Total
ordinary
receipts.8

U.S.
MONEY IN
GOVERNMENT
CIRDEBT.3
CULATION.*

Ordinary
Total
exinterest- Gross
Total. Per
pendicapita. bearing. debt.
3
tures.

Relative to 1913.

Relativetol919.

Total
Cusordinary
toms
receipts.3 receipts.3

Ordinary
expenditures.

Total.

B.~NUMERICAL

Per
capita.

Millions Dollars.
of dolls.

Thousands of dollars.

R*latiretol919. Millions of dollars.

A.—INDEX NUMBERS

DATA.

4

5

100

100

100

70

76

$966

$1,193

$526,512

$GO.315

$60,474

4

5

92

101

101

71

76

968

1,188

24,344

01,195

61,282

4

5

66

96

105

68

72

970

1,191

17, 439

57,972

03.353

4
11

June 30,1913
June 30,1914
June 30,1915 .
June 30,1916...
June 30,1917

MONEY
IN
CIRCULATION.*

U. S. GOVERNMENT
]FINANCES.*

5

67

108

101

75

78

972

1,225

17,656

05,003

61,250

12

71

156

273

80

82

2,713

2,970

18,832

94.037

165,025

500

1,750

90

91

11,986

12,244

15,000

305,382

1,058,153

712

2,553

100

1OO

25,234

25,482

15,371

429,355

1,543,575

$3,364
3,402
3,261
3,591
3,849

$34.56
34.35
32.38
35.00
30.96

t
48

48

1OO

June 30,1918
June 30,1919
June 30,1020
June 30,1921
June 30,1922
June 30,1923

57

1OO

58

95

95

101

925

893

111

111

24,336

24,298

26,909

557, .SSO

540,174

94

94

97

777

703

101

99

23,598

23,970

25, 714

408,744

461,517

90

90

112

568

523

91

88

22, 846

22,964

29,704

342, 425

310, 275

87

88

177

554

510

99

94

22,008

22,350

40.827

333.928

308,123

23,710

23,949

25,485

223,706

23,737

23,970

24,723

750,017

543,072

97

23,534

23.770

19,796

209,008

382,217

26,449

242,443

316,450

40.90
45.18

418,295

99

4,336
' 4,795
5,332
4,843
4,374
4,729

50.11
44.80
39.80
42.50

l

1931.

1

!

94

96

371

092

94

93

1,244

S99

93

93

75

347

632

94

September
October
November
December

94

94

May
June
July
August.

100

402

523

97

95

23,680

23 022

101
j

88

1,143

444

97

95

23,675

23,923

23,357

689,328

280,413

100

94
92

394

601

96

94

23,199

23,457

26,408

237,848

4,843
4,723
4,659

303,470

93

93

94

324

002

95

93

23,364

23. filS

24,843

195,483

303,873

92

92

99

1,227

666

94

92

23,188

23,438

26,155

740,293

402.031

92

92

103

91

88

23,152

°3.389

27,251

191,001

267,570

92

120-

317
21)1

443

92

310

92

89

23,259

23.479

33,652

175,651

187,391

91

91

152

913

582

92

89

22,904

23.145

40,28S

550.758

352.017

91

91

128

328

460

91

87

22,955

23.191

33.804

197,920

277.94$

91

91

134

342

433

91

S8

22,900

23,137

35,578

206,376

201,504

90

90

147

784

582

91

88

22,711

22,904

38,862

472,«36

!

351,753

4,665
4,611
4,561
4,522

44.80
43.04
42.99
42.99
42.44
41.93
41. 51

1922.
January
February..
March
A pril

. ..
. .

May
June .
July
August.

|

!

'

90

141

340

373

90

87

j 22,717

22.958

37,492

204,977

225,498

90

147

359

306

92

88

I 22,796

23 042

39,012

210,778

221,556 1

89

September
October
No\ ember

90

90

90
91

574

94

91

22, 564

22, sis

53,135

454, 809

347,112

499

771

95

92

22, 820

23,077 !

40,136

301.239

405,897

22,709

22.904

254,253

22.995

41, 647
37,502

220, 974

22,4S3

400,273

340,170

90

200

90

90

89

90

ii.
157
141

89
89

89
89

182

4,353
4,402
4,413
4,385
4,370
4,374
4,337
4,394
4,521
4,570
4,617
4,733

370

421

90

773

503

99

«
95

175

354

443
404

94

90

22 359

22, 732

46,346

213,51$

207 072

96

92

2° 717

197 517

211 27(5

22 7°.-5 ;

48 311
02,172

641,0 ,2

341.935 i

2° 040

53 736

241.S30

318,9SS I

39.91
40.31
40.37
40.06
39. S7
39.86
39.47
39.93
41.04
41.44
41.80
42. 81

1923.
Jamwv
I Fcun'iirv
i ATrirch
\pril

'
. .

89

89

235

88

89

203

97

93

97

93

22,327

I

198

350

94

22,18G

22,631

52,417

211,118

319,030

189

1,040

528
581

9S

S8

99

94

22,008

22 350

50, 023

030. i»Sl

351 ()>[ ,

87 i

103

341

401

98

93

31,959

'

43.225

205,742

212,222

87

87

100

390

388

100

22.271
22.201

42.500

235.505

234,498 I

87

87

100

880

521

101

90

i

44,810

530, 116

314,821

80

87

195

382

700

101

96

51,713

230.201

426,518 i

87

AlK'USt-

il

1

1
2

500
528

?

89 j

May

June
Julv
September
October
November

1.003
401

22 368
22.300

„

21,902
21,834
21,800

22,082

4,509
4 611
4,056
4,068
4,706
4 729
4,096
4,778
4,850
4,835

40. 74
41 61
41.0*
42.0!
42.34
42 50
42.10
42. $~)
43.43
43.27

1

From IT. S. Treasury Department, except money in circulation, prior ro July 1, 1922, from the Federal Reserve Board.
Yearly figures and the monthly figures through September, 1923, are on a wan-ant basis. The current month is on a cash basis as shown in the preliminary Public
Debt Statement.
- YearJy figures are averages for the fiscal year ending June 30 of the year indicated. Monthly figures are taken from the daily Treasury statements. Expenditures
represent those chargeable against ordinary receipts.
4
Represents money held outside the Treasury and Federal Reserve System. The revised yearly figures are as of Juno 30 and are, taken from the Secretary's Annual
Report (1923), p. 555.




184
CREDIT CONDITIONS.
Table 131.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources*1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
ORDERS
YEAR AND MONTH.

INDEBTEDNESS.

United Pacific Moun- North
tain AgriculStates
average. Coasts Sections tural.4

Middle
Agricultural.5

South
Agricultural."

United Pacific Moun- North
2
States
tain
Agriculaverage. Coast. Section.* tural.*

East.?

Middle
Agricultural. 5

South
Agricultural.*

East.

7

Relative to 1916.
1916 mo. av
1917 mo. av
1918 mo. av
1919 mo av
1920 mo. av. ...
1921 mo. av
1922 mo. av

1OO
105
97
100
94
82
93

1OO
98
109
106
102
92
105

1OO
101
106
108
110
94
108

100

102
103
101
89
97

1OO
100
94
94
94
78
99

99
99
102
99
90
99

1OO
104
106
104
103
87
89

63
88
86
84

59
73
72
80

58
83
81
68

81
94
93
85

71
93
92
92

58
88
84
82

59
90
87
86

June
July
August

82
91
99
99

70
82
96
92

82
78
89
89

78
91
112
109

88
95
105
104

84
88
95
98

83
95
101
97

September
October
November
December..

98
98
89
93

82
80
67
89

90
97
79
88

91
91
89
96

103
100
94
96

102
107
99
95

92
93
97
90

88
93
99

88
90
93
75

94
102
111
94

103
106
113
99

96
105
117
126

1921.
January
February
March
April.
....
May

100
101

1OO
93
91
88
93
94
112

1OO
98
89
81
94
91
116

1OO
96
98
90
101
98
119

1OO
93
90
91
89
92
110

1OO
94
94
90
94
94
112

1OO
94
92
87
94
94
107

1OO
92
85
81
89
94
112

97
81
79
93

82
66
80
80

91
96
79
88

85
76
76
94

93
74
78
92

103
84
82
91

96
84
77
93

99
92
89

92
98
80
84

105
101
93
90

97
96
87
90

100
95
91
92

96
92
94
88

99
95
91
87

94
86
76
90

94
101
105
109

92
111
104
117

107
111
106
110

87
96
111
108

95
103
107
113

90
94
103
105

92
107
102
107

91
90
94
91

88
86
89
86

109
102
98
108

117
100
105
114'

114
117
101
126

99
95
95
104

108
98
95
110

111
106
100
105

106
99
95
107

82
108
118
125

97
96
101
109

83
83
89
96

:
i

115
111

;

nc
no

118
102
119
109

121
109
110
125

97
114
114
116

121
110
106
110

110
107
106
105

118
114
112
111

i
:
!
•

112
117
117
127

121
130
120
134

123
131
120
134

121
118
118
135

117
119
119
127

106
112
104
116

108
116
326
134

107
103
103
103

115
97
114
137

103
96
107
106

106
94
103
100

108
108
98
113

100
100
99
100

115
102
106
108

107
114
117

113
108
112
101

119
117
110
116

95
113
116
94

113
118
117
114

104
109
112
107

108
121
120
116

113

97

105

130

111

120

!
!

j

1922.

oo

February
March
April

87
96
101
109

105
115

77
88
89
99

September ..
October
November
December

107
96
101
100

106
103
105
111

97
101
109
112

113
103
100
98

114
104
108
113

108
101
109
105

103
83
87
90

1923.
January
February
March
April

107
113
117
117

103
114
112

101
132
131
143

122
138
119
121

104
116
114

93

100
133
123
141

75
108
100
110

May
June
Julv
August

116
99
83
113

91
120
119
117

140
96
81
101

143
118
97
124

121
110
99
125

116
91
90
135

108
100
78

no

CO

September
October .

111

122

98

100

119

119

117

OO

oo

May
June .
Julv
August

6

i

116

i
!

|

1
1

'
!
|

I

See footnotes on opposite page also.
i Compiled by the Credit Clearing House from reports to it by manufacturers and wholesalers on items of credit facts from their ledgers concerning merchants or jobbers
to whom they sell. The numerical data given above show the percentage which the number of items reported relating to orders or to creation of indebtedness bears to the
total number of transactions reported. As one transaction may cover both an order and an indebtedness or a payment, the sum of the percentages of orders, indebtedness,
and payments will usually exceed 100 per cent. The commodities covered are largely textiles, and the individual orders are stated to average from S250 to $600, depending
on trade conditions. The year 1916 is taken as a base, as it is believed to be more nearly normal than 1919, in which orders and payments were unusually large and
indebtedness unusually small.




185

CREDIT CONDITIONS.
Table 132.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From commercial and trade sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
INDEBTEDNESS.

ORDERS.
United Pacific Moun- ! North i Middle South
States
tain
Agrlcul-i Agrlcul- Agricultural/
average. Coast. 2 Section.*! tural.4 I tural.»

Y E A R AND MONTH.

av....
av
av
av
av
av
av

East.'

Percentage of total recorded transactions.

I
1916 monthly
1917 monthly
1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly
1922 monthly

United Pacific Moun- North Middle South
Agricul- Agricul- AgriculEast.? I States Coast. 2 tain
Section.i tural.* tural.tural/
average.

27.6
28.0
28.2
28.3
28.0
24.6
26.9

33.2
33.1
31.3
31.3
31.2
25.9
32.9

30.6
32.2
29.7
30.5
28.8
25.0
28.5

25.8
25.4
28.0
27.3
26.3
23.8
27.1

27.2
27.5
28.7
29.3
29.8
25.6
29.3

27.7
27.4
27.5
28.2
27.4
24.9
27.5

26.3
27.4
28.0
27.4
27.2
22.9
23.3

38.8
36.2
35.2
34.1
36.2
36.6
43.3

34.2
33.6
30.6
27.6
32.1
31.0
39.6

34.5
33.0
33.7
30.9
34.7
33.9
41.1

38.8
36.1
35.0
35.5
34.7
35.6
42.8

37.8
35.7
35.4
34.1
35.4
35.7
42.3

40.6
38.1
37.4
35.5
38.1
38.0
43.6

39.3
36.2
33.5
31.7
34.9
37.1
44.1

1921.
January
February
March
April

17.5
24.4
23.8
23 3

19.5
24.3
23.8
26.4

17.7
25.4
24.7
20.8

2C.8
24.2
23.9
22.0

19.3
25.2
24.9
25.1

16.0
24.3
23.3
22.6

15.6
23.8
23.0
22.6

37.8
31.6
30.6
35.9

27.9
22.7
27.3
27.2

31.3
33.1
27.4
30.5

32.8
29.4
29.4
36.5

35.2
28.1
29.4
34.7

41.9
34.3
33.2
36.9

37.9
33.1
30.1
36.5

May
June
July.. .
August.

22.7
25.0
27.4
27.2

23.4
27.3
31.9
30.4

25.0
23.8
27.2
27.3

20.0
23.4
29.0
28.1

23.8
25.8
28.5
28.3

23.2

38.3
36.5
35.8
34.5

31.6
33.6
27.3
28.8

36.2
34.9
32.0
30.9

37.8
37.3
33.7
34.8

37.7

27.2

21.9
25.1
26.6
25.4

34.7

38.9
37.3
38.2
35.6

39.1
37.2
35.9
34.3

September.
October
November..
December..

27.0
27.1
24.6
25.5

27.2

27.6

27.4
29.7
24.1
26.8

23.4
23.6
22.9
24.7

27.9
27.1
25.5
26.0

28.3
29.6
27.3
26.3

24.6
22.7
20.1
23.6

36.3
39.2
40.9
42.2

31.5
38.1
35.7
39.9

36.9
38.4
36.6
38.0

33.6
37.1
43.0
41.8

35.8
39.1
40.5
42.7

36.7
38.0
42.0
42.5

36.0
42.1
40.2
42.2

1922.
January
February
March
April

25.4
25.6
26.9
24.8

29.3
31.0
32.0
28.9

26.9
27.4
28.6
22.9

24.2
26.2
28.6
24.3

27.9
28.9
30.6
26.8

25.3
24.8
26.0
25.3

23.1
22.7
23.4
22.5

42.3
39.7
38.1
41.9

40.0
34.1
36.0
38.9

39.2
40.5
35.0
43.3

38.4
36.8
36.7
40.3

41.0
37.2
36.0
41.5

45.1
43.0
40.4
42.6

41.5
38.9
37.2
41.9

May....
June
July....
August.

24.1
26.4
27.9
30.0

28.3
30.6
34.7
38.2

23.5
27.0
27.3
30.2

24.8
27.0
30.2
32.5

22.2
29.5
32.1
33.9

26.9
26.7
28.1
30.3

21.8
21.9
23.4
25.3

44.8
43.1
42.7
42.8

40.2
35.0
40.6
37.4

41.
37.
38.0
43.2

37.8
44.1
44.4
45.0

45.7
41.6
40.0
41.7

44.7
43.5
43.2
42.8

45.2
44.8
44.2
43.5

September..
October
November..
December..

29.5
26.4
27.9
27.7

35.1
34.3
34.8
37.0

29.6
30.8
33.4
34.4

29.2
26.5
25.8
25.3

31.0
28.2
29.5
30.7

30.0
27.9
30.2
29.0

27.2
21.9
22.9
23.7

43.6
45.4
45.5
49.3

41.5
44.5
41.1
45.8

42.3
45.2
41.5
46.2

46.8
45.9
45.7
52.2

44.4
44.9
45.0
48.0

43.2
45.5
42.4
47.1

43.9
45.6
49.4
52.5

! 29.5
| 31.1

30.6

32.3

34.3
37.9
37.1
30.8

43.0

26.1
34.0
33.7
36.9

33.1
37.4
32.3
33.0

28.9
32.0
31.7
32.1

19.8
28.3
26.4
28.9

41.4
40.0
40.1
39.8

39.2
33.2
38.9
46.7

35.4
33.2
36.8
36.7

41.3
36.5
40.1
38.7

41.0
41.0
37.1
42.7

40.8
40.8
40.0
40.4

45.1
40.1
41.5
42.4

May
June
July
August

32.1
27.3
22.9
31.1

30.2
39.9
39.4
38.7

42.8
29.4
24.8
30.9

36.8
30.4
24.9
31.9

32.8
29.8
26.9
34.1

32.2
2o.2
25.0
37.3

28.4
26.3
20.5
29.0

41.5
44.2
45.3
43.9

38.6
36.9
38.2
34.7

41.0
40.5
38.1
40.1

37.0
43.9
45.0
36.4

42.7

43.2

42.2
44.2
45.3
43.5

42.3
47.7
47.1
45.7

September..
October
November..
December...

30.5

40.6

29.9

25.9

32.3

33.1

30.8

45.8

38.7

33.5

40.9

49.3

45.0

47.1

1923.
January
February
March.
April..

32.2

26.4
22.4

40.8
37.5

24.5
26.3

See footnote on opposite page also.
'California, Oregon, and Washington.
'Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, Nevada, Idaho, and Wyoming.
4
Montana, North and South Dakota, Minnesota, and Wisconsin.
6
Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, and Ohio.
• Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama. Tennessee, Georgia, Florida, North and South Carolina.
,,
7
States east of and including Pennsylvania, West Virginia, ana Virginia.




36.0
34.5

44.6
44.2

180
CREDIT CONDITIONS.
Table 133.—(A) INDEX NUMBEES AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from commercial and trade sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced typo.]

PROMPT

PAYMENTS.
™,,, ifin ' M o u n - i N o r t h : Middle |j 8011 Ui j
£,vJ"t * i t a l n
Agricul- 'Agrlrui- 'Agricul-j E a s t .
^ O t l & u jSection. 3 ! tura!. 4
tural. | Uir:&!.r>

Nortli
?»Ikh71c ! S o u t h !
! United
i United i! Pacific ! M o u n :;
tain
! Agrirul- A£ii<-i;!» Asrioul- j East. 7 ii S t a t e s
Coast
* 2 j Section.- tural. 1
i average.
turai.mrui."
average.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Percentage of total recorded transactions.

'Relative to IP-! 6.
A . — 1 N D E X N LTM 3K R S .

100

100

100

1OO

53.0

107

103

1.06

102

57. 5

-ii. 2

103

.. ..

1OO

99

ICO

ii'l'' nio. av
ira7rnf>. av
I°J.S mo. av

B.—NUM1£IUCAL

101

102

112

302

58.4

r

108

1 i5

10s

1)0.7

62. 5

112

107

59.4

63.3

100

T-]';3 mo :iv

110

110

103

3^0 mo ';\'

108

312

103

97

105

1021 mo. civ
10 •"•' rao av

'

107

ns.o
)ft, 4

62 .2
.9

57.1

r>9 .9
60 .1

60.0

ry; 7

58.8

93

tw

99

98

96

53. 4

59.3

84

Si

S7

91

47. 0

1U. 5

54 2
4r . 9

!

-7.3

.«.i).i

(>5.S

•'«.;>

61.6

5S. 5
.06.8

C4.5

61.0
01.1

6:;?. 3

53.4

79

^7

DATA.

56,1

•to. 8

1931.
95

100

93

91

52.5

no. 8

5-1.3

53.3

57.8

116

]!'1

103

100

55.2

05.5

50.3

55.3

58.7

51.2

57.0

104

111

99

9S

104

107

109

02. 6

57.8

54.4

00.2

52. 9

02.1

99

A-'-il

107

ii»

T.-.r-,---.ry

104

97

90

105

101

101

58. G

56.2

49.8

61.0

50.2

57.9

Mav

100
100

102

July
Arfrust

102

.107

luO

101

99

100

55.0

57. S

51.6

58. r»

5S.6

49. 2

57. 4

101

93

102

102

100

54.9

57.6

58.9

51.4

59. 2

50.0

57. I

95

103

.104

101

105

55.9

60.0

55.3

57.1

60.1

49.8

00.2

100

97

99

97

102

54.3

61.2

58.4

53.5

57.6

48. 2

102

) 1 r^

•16. i

69

108

September

94

96

91

89

98

51.8

54.6

53.1

49.4

54.3

47.5

October
Nov f 'ul)^!'

Si)

94

94

101?

87

40.2

53.1

5-4.6

56.9

51.2

45.7

303

88

91

49.3

58.1

51.0

50. U

5.3.0

44.0

51.9

TW-tr''ibfcr

91

107

50.3

00.7

48.4

51.5

53. J

•15. ii

52. S

91

93

S7

80

83
83

97
83

90

97

100

Aorij

M

85

Mav

90
88

89

49.5

92

92

91

92

92

50.1

52.7

48.2

53.6

87

85

94

4-. 1

of). 2

48.1

¥K1

88

60

93

49.7

55.0

58.1

AS. A

52.8

53. J

82

87

83

80

40.4

48. 2

47.7

48.0

50. 9

•iS. 5

83
88

89
04

53.0

51.9

•19. i>

71

42. 8

86

60

48.6

48.5
51.2
41.5
35.1

49. 4

82

4U.0
48.5
40. 0
45.2

53.7

84

95
93
90

39. I

76

42.8

•IV,. I

52. H

Q9

44. 1
44. 1

•\r). 7

•12. 1

51. i;

So
90

4 s.'. 1
47.!»

51. 4
;>•;. 4

1922.
Jarvisry
:

I

; V; iTil'V

T:-,,p
,

92

f

77

81

90

71

84

82

SO

87

92

45. 8

42.9

4S. 0

81

64

£.0

86

89

45. 2

45. S

37. 5

SI
84

71

8;?

87

92

46.7

45. 9

86

91

96

49. 5

47.4

78

93

5'? 7

45. 4

45,4

95

52. 2

50.4

4.S. 8

75

in)

80

'19. 8

•u». 1

51. f>

45.4

41.6

53.2

52.7

10-1

50.7
52.5

51.3

84

44. •;

40. 2

80

51.0

41.2

79

100

:••,'• 1, ;;••"•;-er

92

IKi

,.

89

52.;)

85

!

52.5
51.2

1 f; !„ 3 »
9-»
i .!••:• -arY.
r -

>

;*6

vih .

•V.i ii

52. 6

58. 0

43. 7

4'A 0

47.2

5-1. l)

102

i

102

54.0

04.9

46.3

53.0

50. 4

5.s.

r,6.0

52.2
00.5

44.5

55.5

53.3

50.5

o«). 1

52. 1

:

<A)

'.

55.4

|

71.8

56.2

57. 2

5f>. 1

&.?>

;

55. 9

:

55.1

!

63.7

59.0

53.6

56.3

55. U

I

53. 3

55-3

54.8

53.0

r-4.0

1

55.

10°

Lv

r-;;er.

1

100

92

91

103
305

1
;

127

97

108

I vj S

1

104
100
9s

100
er

76

107

j^i

iViitust

92

1;)3

113

101

97

113

!

93

97
91

109

97

!

56.4

59.3

51.0

!

Cor.ipilc-d by ilip <
V
Clearing Hovze from reports to ir by Tiianufacturers and wholesalers on items of credit facts from their ledgers concern w
to v. hiijii tiioy .sell. I'm;
r-rir'ai data given alcove sl-ow the peri r-iiiii^e wliioli ! he number oi p a y n e n t items reported bears to the total nur.ibci of J
The fo^m.-oJitien covi" «l by these, trousactions are largely textiles The year. 1916 is taken as a base, as payments were abnormally high in 19i9.
2
California, Orejiwi , and Vv'nsliington.
* Ari,-.i,ii.i, Xt;.-.- ^.rr. a,o, Colorado', Utah, Nevada, Idaho, and Wyoming.
4 r
- ''.ntai"ja, Venn ud ;-'outh Dakota, Minnesota, and Wisconsin.
* L'r.nsas, .Vet>r ::i, Iowa,, Missouri, Illinois-, Indiana,, Kentucky, and Ohio.
a,
,
,
ty,
o
6
Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, L i i
Louisiana, M i i i
Mississippi, A l b
Alabama, T
Tennessee, Georgia, Florida, North and South Carolina.
7
States east of and including Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Virginia.




5

o.i. 5
.5

187
GOLD AND SILVER.
Table 134.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources,1
[ Base year in bold-faced type.]

SILVER.

GOLD.

Y E A R AND
MONTH.

GOLD.

j DomesPro- Price Price
in
Im- Ex- tic re- Band Im- Ex- duc- in
ports. ports. ceipts out- ports. ports. tion. New ! LonYork. don.
at put.
mint.
Relative to 1913.

Imports.

!

SILVER

DomesExtic
Band
ports. receipts output.
at mint.

Thousands of
dollars.

Fine ounces.

1
A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 mo.av.
1914 mo.av.
1915 mo.av.
1916 mo.av.
1917 mo.av.
1918 mo.av.
1919 mo.av.
1920 mo.av.
1921 mo.av.
1922 mo.av.
1921.
May
Juno
July
August
September.
October...
November.
December.

1922.
January...
February..
March
April

100
90

September.
October...
November.
December.

Exports.

Pro- Price
in
duc- New
tion. York.

Price
in
London.

Thou- Dollars Pence per
Thousands of ? sands of per standard
ounce,
dollars.
fine
hne
ounces. ounce. 0.925 fine.

B . _ N U M E R I C A L DATA.

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

243

105

95

72

82

108

92

92

709

34

107

103

96

85

112

83

86

1,077

170

90

105

90

112

111

110

114 !

867

405

76

103

149

134

107

136

148

97

45

58

96

199

403

102

162

172

120

401

48

95

249

381

85

186

207

673

351

42

93

246

181

85

169

223

1,085

26

54

92

176

82

80

105

134

432

40

58

80

197

100

83

113

125

1,096

14

45

94

233

45

77

100

124

826

10

43

93

121

27

72

98

127

1,210

49

60

94

151

98

70

101

136

1,599

9

63

97

263

72

72

103

138

1,245

31

38

94

150

95

76

111

145

887

99

87

97

251

91

85

119

150

966

8

67

96

198

92

68

114

141

596

28

61

93

185

137

70

110

129

500

11

51

46

217

76

71

110

127

541

23

45

11

160

136

70

109

123

631

13

48

31

233

82

75

108

121

231

21

48

70

161

98

74

111

124

169

44

55

86

184

109

76

119

131

244

21

52

92

212

115

86

119

130

810

8

62

101

233

120

78

117

129

360

12

70

103

165

74

100

116

127

2 461

18

60

102

8 213

71

96

116

128

393

230

81

106

132

62

93

114

125

345

45

71

104

196

126

87

109

116

498

35

56

108

263

132

91

107

114

618

111

47

104

195

132

93

110

116

158

18

49

96

127

42

85

108

112

300

136

44

104

155

90

110

113

117

173

9

44

101

143

83

119

112

117

869

11

54

107

149

67

123

366

May.
June...
July..
August

Imports.

7

47

103

203

68

92

526

7

63

103

337

119

619

29

67

105

216

134

524

11

72

104

285

155

562

17

60

108

232

144

$5,309 $7,650 148,050 7 3 2 , 7 7 9 $2,989 $5,231 5,567 $0,598 2 7 . 5 7 3
4,782
2,163
4,300
18,551
155,083
698,275
6,038
25.313
. 548
37,663
2,619
157,830
2,874
757,823
4,467
23.675
6,247
.497
57,166
12,999
772,128
2,689
133,597
5,883 6,201
31.315
.657
46,038 30,990
4,445
112,495
751,855
7,011 ; 5,978
40.851
.814
5,170
6,378
35,729
57,604
22,931

3,422
30,682
26,841
1,991
3,073

86,472
71,093
62,377
80,183
86,314

701,722
694,174
679,801
676,216
585, 577

5,948
7,451
7,338
5,270
5,901

21,071
19,918
9.468
4,298
5,234

5,651
4,723
4,714
4,477
4,623

.968
1.111
1.009
.627
.675

47. 516
57.059
61. 590
36.841
34.338

58,171
43,576
64,247
84,902

1,063

67,052
63,821
88,474
93,128

687,776
678,490
689,555
711,526

6,956
3,627
4,513
7,853

2,353
1,424
5,113
3,743

4,277
4,022
3,902
4,017

.598
.585
.603
.616

34.165
34.971
37.481
38.096

56,251
128,643
99,379
90,388

691,096
707,825
704,236
681,847

4,488
7,510
5,912
5,516

4;947
4,782
4,804
7,145

4,212
4,724
3,790
3,897

.662
.710
.682
.658

40.082
41.442
38.750
35.645

75,919
66,608
70,629
71,768

335,000
77,000
227,728
511,338

6,496
4,786
6,953
4,800

3,977
7,092
4,302
5,109

3,938
3,878
4,186
4,139

.655
.653
.644
.666

35.035
33.891
33.269
34.080

629,786
675,697
738,635
752,490

5,512
6,346
6,957
4,944

5,677
6,004
6,269
3,861

4,258
4,760
4,341
5,562

.712
.711
.702
.694

36.023
35.900
35.644
34.957

66,085
47,107
51,299
31,666

26,571
28,739
33,488
12,244

774

3,735
672

2,449
7,576
607

2,162

863

1,732
963

1,579

8,994
12,977
42,987
19,092

3,407
1,601
956

81,839
76.880
92,399
103,262

2 24,464
20,866
18,308
26,440

1,399
17, 592
3,431
2,710

89,561
119, 294
104, 708
82,901

747,089
778,159
764,476
790, 712

»8,370
3,940
5,855
7,848

3,735
3,269
6,599
6,913

5,325 !
5,161
4,870
5,052

. 695
.680
.652
.638

35.305
34.498
32.066
31.383

32,820
8,383
15,951
9,188

8,472
1,399
10,392

69,425
72,284
64,494
65,043

764, 469
704,970
761,586
743,651

5,825
3,792
4,626
4,262

6,921
2,191
4,732
4,336

5,190
4,729 !
6,110 '
6,616

.657
. 643
.676
.669

31.928
30.875
32.310
32.346

46,156
19, 434
27,929
32, 856

824

2,201

79,866
69,422
92,535
99, 880

786,564
755,309
754,306
769,371

4,461
6,066
10,066
6,466

3,499
3,581
6,233
7,032

6,835
5,101
5,406
5,293

.670
.649
.630
.628

32.611
31.611
30.923
30.952

27, 804
29,858

1,024
1,307

106, S19
89,549

739,504
793,000

8,518
6,928

8,123
7,523

4,988
5,428

.642
.636

31.698
31,718

644

1923.

January...
February..
March
April
May

July.
August
September
October...
November
December.

118
115

97

105

112

95

105

112

90

1

112

109

107

115

98

106

115

|

655

548
523

1

1
Imports and exports of gold and silver are from the U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce; Domestic receipts of unrefined gold
at U. S. mints from U. S. Treasury Department, Bureau of the Mint; Silver prices, average for the month, and Rand gold output from the Engineering and Mining Journal;
Production of silver by mines of United States from American Bureau of Metal Statistics, except annual figures previous to 1921, which are from U. S. Department of Interior,
Geological Survey.
2Includes only first 21 days of September during which period the old tariff law was in effect; remaining 9 days included with October.




188

FOREIGN EXCHANGE.
Table 135.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

EUROPE.
England.

YEAR AND MONTH.

ASIA.

Bel- Nether- Swegium. lands. den.

France. Italy.

THE AMERICAS.

Switz2
erland. Japan. India.

Canada.

Argen- Brazil.
tina.

Chile.

I i INDEX
1 i NUMBER.S

Relative to par.

100

100

1914 average..

106

103

100
101

1915 average.,

98

94

87

100
11
0
97

1916 average.,

98

88

80

99

1917 average.

98

90

71

109
119
98
88
90
98

100

100
98
99
102
103
107
103
101
97
96

Par value

100

100

1OO

1918 average.,

98

92

59

1919 average..

91

71

59

1920 average..

75

36

26

1921 average..

79

22

1922 average..

91

39
42

25

33
37
80

36

20

i

81

38

24

i

82

43

27

43

88

78

42

26

42

84

75

40

23

40

79

79

75

40

22

39

77

79

97
38

95
76

84

84

40

96

98

18

35

82

19

39

83

38

85

39

88

1OO

100

100

I«1OO

1OO

1

98
100
103

,O

73
77

83
80
54
59

96
89
90
99

104
103
94
76
85

78
82
69
40
40

59
57
I 53
I 54

88

82

47

73

83

48

74

62

81

47

76

62

77

43

66

63

54

90

66

115
94
62
63

1921.
January...
February.
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.
September.
October
November.
December..

81
85
89
90
93
88
86
87

i
!
!

9
8

1

98

|

97
97

t

1

60

i

97

74

42

61

1

96 | 50

72

36

56

63

47
50

68

32

53

62

90

69-

36

52

60
60

|

96

!

97

i

77

38

22

37

79

81

89

97

54

90

72

38

i

55

79

38

21

37

83

85

94

96

56

91

76

39

|

60

61

82

37

21

36

87

87

97

96

55

92

76

39

j

56

61

40

23

39

91

91

101

96

56

93

78

39

|

55

64

42

23

40

91

93

101

95

;

57

95

80

25

43

94

97

101

95

i

58

96

90

47

26

44

94

98

101

95

!

57

91

48

28

44

94

97

101

95

i

57

84

39
41
42
42

52
53
58
58

65

45

91

47

27

44

96
96
%
97

100

95

59

85

42

61

72
71

1922.
January...
February.
March
April
May
June
July...,
August.

91

46

26

42

91

43

24

40

92

41

23

39

70
72

98

96

59

85

42

65

97

99

96

59

99

85

42

66

70

98

99

96

60

100

85

41

70

69

91

22

37

97

99

96

59

100

70

68

38

22

36

97

99

96

59

100

84

35

70

67

92

36

23

33

98

100

96

97

61

100

85

37

63

67

95

37

26

34

99

101

9S

9S

63

99

89

37

64

70

96

35

25

31

98

100

98

65

99

32

25

28

98

99

97

65

97

33

25

28

9S

99

30

98

99

88
87
87
86

35
35
34
33

66

96

j January..,
February.
March
April

40

91

September.
October
November.
December..

30

35

May...
June —
July....
August.

35

25

65
98

9S

64

9S

61

67

65

67

63

67
66

97

99

98

85

32

66

33

I

24

98

99

93
03

64

95

9S

64

9S

83

32

69

Go

94

31

I 22

98

99

91

98

03

65

03

63

02

f>3

03

CO

63

94

30

!

93
93

30

I

I

September
October
November
December

69

j
j

31

22

SI

9S

99

9S

63

9S
97

99

93

98

63

98

99

93

98

6-1

99

30

'•

See footnotes on opposite page also.
1
Daily averages ot noon nues lor cable transfers Reported to the Treasury daiiv bv the Xcw York Federal Reserve Bank. Average figures for tne years 1914 to 191S,
inclusive, where given, are weekly averages of commercial quotations from the Annalist. For figures on Gerimmv. which havo now'oecif di^roruiiiued owing to almost
complete collapse of the mark, see August, 1923. issue (No. 24... page 1S3.
* Parity established October, 1920. Prior to that, par value of the rupee was 32.44 cents.




189

FOREIGN EXCHANGE.
Table 136.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
ASIA.

EUROPE,

YEAR AND MONTH.

England.

France.

Sweden.!

Italy.

Japan. | India.*

THE AMERICAS.

Canada

Argentina.

Kriuii.

Chile.

Rate per Rate per Rate per Rate por i Rate per Rate per i Rate per Rate per ! Rate per |{ Rate per
pound
franc.
lire.
franc. I guilder.
yen.
J rupee, j dollar.
krone.
franc.
sterling.

$0,193

August

$0,403

30.499
.491
495

iSO.487

.137
.116
.104
.118

i 3.05

September

$0,193

| .119
; .10!)
! . 1G4
.102

! 3.72

October
November
December
January
February
March
pril
May
J ane
July
August.
eptember
October
November
December

! 4.43
!

1.000
1.001
1.000
.991

See footnotes on opposite page also.
- The foreign exchange index number recently computed b y the Federal Reserve Board is based upon the average rates of exchange for 17 countries, Germany excluded,
and is here substituted lor the weighted geometric average previously published. The index represents the " a g g•egative" average of cable t f
regti"
f bl transfer rates on these count
h
tries and i
US'
Ii
.
4 Aver age" value of the paper peso in 1913.




190

IMPORTS BY CLASSES OF COMMODITIES.
Table 137.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL
From Government sources.1

DATA.

[Base year in bold-faced type.]

Total.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Foodstuffs Food- Manu- Manufacin
facstuffs
tures
crude partly tures
Misfor
ready cellacondior
for
tion wholly further
use in
and manu- manu- con- neous.
sumpfood
facfacanitured. turing. tion.
mals.

Crude
materials
lor
use
In
manufacturing.

Total.

Crude
materials
for use
in manufacturing.

ManuFoodfactures ManuFoodstuffs
for
stuffs
Misin crude partly or further factures
ready
cellacondition wholly
use in
for conand food manumanu- sumption, neous.
animals. factured. facturing.

Relative to 1913.
A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
1913 mo. average.
1914 mo. average.
1915 mo. average.
1916 mo. average.
1917 mo. average.
1918 mo. average.
1919 mo. average.
1920 mo. average.
1921 mo. average.
1922 mo. average.
1931
January —
February- - •
March
April

Thousands of dollars.
B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

$149,383

$50,462

100

99

106

129

81

99

118

149,130

49,790

99

115

110

138

77

71

92

148,216

57,991

133

167

118

171

123

84

134

199,303

84,132

165

209

175

177

159

94

120

246,039

105,682

$18,413
19,561
20,242
21,678
32,144

$16,518
21,378
22,770
28,226
29,287

$28,355
23,006
21,748
34,822
45,124

$34,401
33,936
24,335
28,798
32,327

$1,234
1,459
1,130
1,648
1,476

33,114
46,308
103,179
30,737
32,367

54,080
50,860
66,835
28,669
45,724

33,742
41,028
73,094
51,577
55, 704

1,117
2,210
2,633
1,681
1,590

169

202

156

200

191

98

91

252,609

101,760

218

277

247

280

179

119

179

325,367

139,521

295

290

261

625

236

212

213

439,950

146,073

140

141

138

186

101

150

136

209,085

71,090

177

191

150

196

161

162

129

265,129

96,334

28,795
45,441
48,136
25,331
27,660

140

125

156

194

114

149

120

208,814

146

148

230

102

130

145

214,525

169

161

160

313

110

162

197

251,989

170

164

188

308

113

155

96

254,571

63,047
73,673
81,417
82,535

28,740
27,334
29,454
34,528

32,017
37,988
51,653
50,898

32,339
28,940
31,257
31,976

51,187
44,798
55,781
53,445

1,485

130

65,868
68,085
63,760
71,525

26,717
19,143
19,215
18,922

35,648
21,328
16,465
27,095

24,096
26,039
26,263
25,171

51,710
50,009
52,351
49,879

872
1,076
583
2,176

60,813
59,460
70,039
94,016

16,588
23,326
29,338
32,707

18,465
23,883
26,205
25,473

26,324
27,707
30,398
32,083

53,973
51,665
53,365
51,171

3,118

«,639
80,971
86,910
69,804

27,498
22,370
28,756
25,711

25,900
27,762
36,014
32,482

30,272
34,041
42,820
37,252

49,811
49,375
59,880
50,820

87,877
91,146
87,366
110,304

31,264
26,176
27,596
22,481

34,785
37,341
38,513
42,405

39,595
47,527
47,960
48,385

58,268
57,453
49,475
55,857

18,729

31,228

24,023
30,289
32,319
26,539

41,766
65,674
56,195
57,194

54,036
71,746
58,860
52,655

1,791
2,426
1,189

May....
June—
July....
August.

137

131

145

216

85

150

71

204,911

124

135

104

129

92

145

87

185,680

120

126

104

100

152

47

178,637

130

142

103

164

145

176

194,768

September..
October....
November..
December..

120

121

90

111

93

157

253

179,283

126

118

127

145

98

150

161

188,028

141

139

159

159

107

155

136

211,027

159

186

178

154

113

149

156

237,373

145

164

149

158

107

145

87

217,185

144

160

121

168

120

144

99

215,743

171

172

156

218

151

174

146

256,178

145

138

140

197

131

148

81

217,023

169

174

170

211

140

169

83

252, 817

174

181

142

226

168

167

66

260,461

169

173

150

233

169

144

70

251,772

1S8

219

127

257

171

162

158

281,376

200

172

102

145

147

157

334

298,493

231

273

203

183

232

209

185

345,104

195

219

177

196

198

171

95

291,906

196

246

170

161

202

153

142

293,464

86,818
137,652
110,705
124,091

220

276
253
2S7
2S2

155

189

230

186

137

155

234

195

152

83

208

430

258

203

107

178

367

229

181

87

329,245
303,412
397,928
364,253

139,205
127,558
144,655
142,442

28,569
28,596
38,300
32,856

31,265
38,579
71,024
60,628

65,240
55,332
73,048
64,821

63,929
52,320
60,830
02,400

372,545
320,234
287, 454
275,438

144,924

28,839

117,999

24,657

107,047

23, 783

93,994

21,058

59,893
5?,32S
37,582
33,010

73,774
62,422
56,199
58,133

05,320
61,435
62,391
67,518

1, 668

77,560

26,468
34,057

33,324
48,067

49,192
57,503

62,910

4,161

73,554

2,731

1932.
January —
February...
March
April
May....
June
July....
August.
September 2.
October
November..
December..
1923.
January
February
March
April
May...
June...
July...
August

203
2G6
244

192

287
234 ;
212 |

181

186 j

September.

170

154 j

October

206

1

249
214

363

i2J
114
144
185

260

190

40

323

220

179

34

228

19S

181

27

200

205

196

135

202

173

183

337

291

203

214

900

£53,645
30S,366

92,451

37,464
32,650

Data from U. S. Department 0] Commerce, Bureau of Foreinn and Domestic. Commerce. For changes in valuations, see footnote on preceding page.
2 Figures for September, 1922, include first 21 days Pnly, during which period the old tariff law was in effect; remaining 9 days included with October.




1,987
1,682
1,924

1,075
1,224
1,797
1,004
1,028
818
862
1,944
4,121
2,279
1,171
1,757

1,695
1,029
1,322
1,073
495
416

|

191

DOMESTIC EXPORTS BY CLASSES OF COMMODITIES.
Table 138.—(A) INDEX NTJMBEES AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]
Crude Food- Food- i Manustuffs
facmain
I stuffs
terial
crude j partly ; tures [
for
i for
condior
use
tion
wholly 'further,
in
and
m a n u - use in
manu- food
facfacanituring. mals. tured. turing.

Total.
; YEAR AND MONTH, J

Mann- j
factnres
Misreiciy
cellaiov
neous.
consuinption.

ManuFoodFoodfaen'res
Manustuffs I stulls
for
factures
in crude partly or further
for iti-e
y
condition wholly
use in
in manu- ana food maun *
for cm
: ™
facturing. animals, factured. manu- sumption
facturing.
Crude
materials

Total.

Relative to 1913.
A.—INDEX NUMBERS.
I
!
I
i
:

T h o u s a n d s of dollars.
B.—NUMERICAL DATA.

100
64
74
94
102

100
162
272
249
300

100
95
170
200
249

100
85
120
230
332

100
82
168
336
346

100
278
1,514
1,162
641

$204.024
172,075
291,104
451,887
513,934

124
210
244
128
128

323
400
542
409
270

434
605
344
207
181

265
232 |
242
101
110

265
328
410
20S
165

233
160
145
97

503,990
645,818
673,402
364,911
313,784

79, 432
134,178
155,902
81,997
81,800

420
445
414
750

178
195
214
247

151
81
79
76

139
174
147
151

37

170

116
116
119
109

73

322, 468
329, 749
318,710
360,626

September..
October
November..
December..

156
165
142
143

107
189
138
141

481
285
213
204

233
178
153
142

86
85
101
106

140
151
147
151

75
166
108
120

1922.
January
February...
March
April

135
121
159
152

114
87
114
124

220
197
244
221

159
167
218
175

106
97
132
115

141
130
173
175

May
June
July
August

148
101
145
145

101
110
94
75

242
290
297
434

186
205
182
170

122
119
108
107

151
179
1S4
1GG

104
209
225
177

391
289
238
182

160
177
190
184

1923.
January
February...
March
April

152
148
163
156

159
121
125
111

171
192
137
126

188
184
2(34
188

May....
June —
July....
August.

152
153
145
149

S3

184

107
95
102

151
138
169

182
154

193

205
236

192
154

1913 m o . average.-i
1914rao.a v e r a g e .
1915 m o . average..:
1916 m o . average..!
1917 m o . average..I
1918 m o .
1919 m o .
1920 m o .
1921 m o .

average..
average..
average..
average..I

1922 mo. average!
1921.
May
June
July
August

September
October
November
December

100
85
143
221
252

247 i
j
317
330
179
154

158
162
156

;

September..
October
November..
December..




j
:
:
;
!
'

$ 7,023
25,727
45,880
54,003
67,228

$33,066
27,949
3 ( \ 041
76,022
109,835

$65,120
$676
.03,243 i 1,877
10P,"S4 I 1O,23S
7,857
218,780
4,337
225,066

45,620
56,530
76,498
57,687
38,190

117,152
163,551
93,080
55,805
48,986

87,773
76,854
79,909
33, 270
30,463

172, 437
1, 577
213,025 j 1,079
980
267,032
135, 497
654
107,747
592

74,416
74,030
75,890
69,483

59,302
62,779
58, 522
105,871

47,991
52,639
57,929
66,607

49,948
26,873
20,095
25,064

90,560
113,168

318,462
330,949
289, 242
291,175

68,391
121,322
88,545
89,950

67,869
40,205
30,052
28,737

62,936
48.018
41, 449
38,282

28,295
28,129
33,200
35,145

91,236
98,323
95,;38
98,370

512
1,123
732
813

114
92

274,633
246,357
323,452
310,959

72,838
55, 895
73,001
79,511

31,054
27,799
34,507
31,174

43.019
45,164
58,800
47,372

35,143
32,193
43,632 !
37,969

91,810
84,0S4
112,705
113, ^76

769
022
048
1,058

172
186
168
161

66
183
33
60

301,989
327,039
296,489
296,249

64,374
70, 262
59,S59
47, S6S

34,151
40,99S
41, 959
61,314

50,309
55,471
49,225
46,074

40,422
39,465 |
35.625 !
35,733

112,181
121,319
10?, '06
104,853

448
124
224
407

106
100
102
109

165
169
170
175

53
94
149
119

307, 563
366,177
374,544
339, 352

66,611
133.703
144,329
113,350

55,149
40,798
33,615
25,764

43, 229
47,919
51, 471
49, 620

34,964
32, (J43
33,593
35,879

107,253
357
110,177 | 037
110, "32 ! 1,005
113.137 I 803

131
119
139
151

108
166

132
102
117
70

330,894
302,106
333,332
318,357

102,074
77,322
79,916
71,136

24,201
27,169
19,304
17,741

50,741
49,747
55,025
50,776

43,264 i 109,722 j
39,406 | 107,775 |
45,877
132,361
49,987
128 241

891
688

50.. 090 I 130,848
49,242
131,552
49,318 | 129,4.53
45,810 I 127,051
j

302

151
149
149

139
158
169
189

136
139

42
40

|
|

203 j
197
201
202
199
195

|
|
j
'
i

45
43
28
28

309,609
312.. 239
206,ool
304,939

190 I

76
85

374,191
393,814

,„!

$64,017 I $14,121
40,938
2 2 , •.•39
47,280
38,470
60,118
35,107
42,406
65,061

j!
j|
j
i

53,302
6S 278
60,500
65,319

25,997
21,336
19,509
23,898

49,130
41,543
37,5^1
42,606

131,500
151,098

27,0«5
21,750

45.040
50,909

I
i Data from U. S. Department oj Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.

45,040
45,977

95,405 I
98,042 |

i
j

124,213
123,447

251
284
273
494

470

288
190
180
513
573

192

IMPORTS BY GRAND DIVISIONS.
Table 139.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources,1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
FROM NORTH
AMERICA.

FROM EUROPE.
YEAR AND MONTH.

Total.

France.

Germany.

Italy.

United
Kingdom.

FROM SOUTH
AMERICA.

Canada.'! Total.

Total.

Argentina.

FROM ASIA
AND OCEANIA.

FROM
AFRICA
GRAND
TOTAL.

Total.

Japan. ! Total.

Relative to 1913.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average..
average..
average..
average.
average.

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly
1922 monthly

average.
average.
average.
average.
average.

1921.
January
February
March
April

100
91

100

63

56

73

78

64

71

37

43

87

89

142

119

48

88

102

44

113

115

103

64

75

100
81
24
3
0

100

100
220
370
455

100
113
131

100
115

100
116

125

163

109

100
106
95
112

169

167

216

66

103

224

291

302

44

55

250

318

308

107

114

297

348

347

378

189

427

431

384

88

194

236

149

116

131

211

256

181

779
812
234
335

100

100
83

100

100

100

107

116

109

146

193

184

261

271

256

308

330

305

360

414

473

467

419

633

207

254

170

277

358

274

100
100
99
133
165
169
218
291
140
177

30

72

77

198

289

186

269

189

108

222

140

76

100

32

45

83

243

278

160

249

195

142

159

144

107

123

48

115

120

284

264

198

395

172

130

256

169

96

100

43

117

115

276

264

185

251

232

287

208

170

83

May
June
July... .
August..

84

42

155

85

214

221

141

228

186

276

115

137

93

45

107

65

168

197

119

191

204

246

158

124

79

98

54

109

66

146

199

119

218

200

304

82

119

82

94

48

134

71

156

200

144

312

227

311

71

130

117

44

118

81

143

204

103

132

194

275

62

120

92

September..
October
November..
December...

102

76

50

150

85

165

248

107

141

179

207

143

126

120

39

122

97

173

243

162

225

202

273

218

141

47

117

109

160

226

164

202

300

488

345

159

97
101

1923.
January
February
March
April

95

47

100

92

174

212

138

245

248

339

228

145

101

58

69

117

178

170

152

291

209

272

318

144

119

112

63

119

147

225

219

144

222

235

523

171

91

93

55

78

98

195

180

139

208

230

327

145

103

100

56

121

112

221

239

200

285

265

360

217

169

106

May
June
July....
August.,

92

99

87

63

104

120

223

259

170

370

306

435

100

174

112

123

236

285

179

386

252

246

187

169

139

243

272

166

372

329

465

194

188

237

167

394

244

326

132

200

395

235

395

397

570

203

231

104

70

96

70

95

141

164

161

151

85

157

201

250

131

106

67

147

149

218

293

239

400

300

418

394

195

135

September
October
November.
December..

63

116

113

2

78

117

102

70

195

137

206

312

237

450

308

402

461

197

123

90

i

1923.
January
February
March
April

186

148

222

258

251

548

361

376

896

220

125

|

89

144

155

232

239

252

508

331

302

472

203

168

!

133

239

218

356

276

323

634

369

396

546

266

147

119

159

183

318

306

281

706

381

321

419

244

142

106

83

125

194

325

306

299

792

407

402

453

249

124

92

79

152

141

276

298

221

590

376

292

2S0

214

115

85

86

124

124

238

304

195

501

344

365

207

192

117

95

90

122

103

214

302

176

282

335

387

199

184

144

,

May
June
July....
August.
September.
October
November..
December..




118

91

90

126

115

205

280

168

187

270

320

144

170

147

138

102

201

145

268

320

224

248

2S8

296

144

206

I;
See footnotes on opposite page.

193
IMPORTS BY GRAND DIVISIONS.
Table 140.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.

FROM NORTH
AMERICA,

FROM EUROPE.
Total.

Y E A R AND MONTH.

GerFrance. many,

Italy.

United
Kingdom.

Total.

Canada.

FROM SOUTH
AMERICA.

Total.

Argentina.

FROM ASIA
|i FROM
AND OCEANIA. AFRICA
II GRAND
•jj TOTAL.
Total.

| J a p a n . - Total.

Thousands of dollars.

12,449
3,746
485
13

4,601
4,297
5,020
3,040

23,949
21,525
25,457
23,340

36,783
42,455
54,870
?2,665

13,669
14,800
19,771
34,473

!
i §16,522
19,127
26,857
35,634
49,902

4,959
10,318
13,805
11,824
11,901

26
884
7,403
6,090
9,791

2,028
4,922
6,280
5,191
5,328

12,385
25,766
42,821
19,900
29,744

81,218
96,481
138,555
62,904
68,538

37,641
41,225
50,989
27,953
30,337

59,579
54,830
76,798
69,156

10,012
11,578
14,200
11,591

4,630
4,952
7,368 I
6,676 j

3,339
2,061
5,299
5,413

17,438
18,885
27,090
26,172

64,179
78,798
92,112
89,669

May
June
July
August

60,804
54,718
56,754
59,139

11,823 j 6,456
10,785 j 6,975
11,316 8,217
10,923
7,309

7,131
19,374
4,946 I 14,842
5,018 j 14,984
5,728 | 15,983

69,603
54,575
47,351
50,583

September
October
November
December

63,408
66,769
70,254
72,733

13,565
10,677
13,930
11,484

6,785
7,625
5,914
7,372

5,438
6,917
5,607
5,393

| 18,299
| 19,215
i 21,888
| 24,626

January
February
March
April

68,113
71,491
85,796
65,667

10,654
11,656
13,025
10,742

7,223
8,901
9,633
8,497

4,590
3,180
5,501
3,598

20,805
26,518
33,332
22,124

May...
June
July....
August.

73,949
76,470
75,271
84,604

11,591
10,025
9,059
13,390

8,520
9,596
9,606
10,737

5,584
4,791
5,155
4,140

| 25,439
I 27,141
| 27,939
j 31,486

81,577
116,530
94,630
97,200

11,146
17,495
12,227
11,800

10,683 j 4,395
13,035
7,258
10,247
6,767
10,817 • 8,971

31,846
45,541
33,722
31,036

14,273
10,277
15,381
13,730

13,788
10,476
14,997
13,642

8,593
6,658
11,008
7,309

12,762
12,092
13,210
13,777

5,769

•S3,167
$4,505

12,300
10,683
9,813
11,030

83,375
105,780

10,542
15,926

13,745
15,727

1913 monthly average.. I $ 7 2 , 0 5 6
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average. .
average..
average. average..

65,293
45,529
52,776
45,929

$11,578
8,685
6,493
9,074
8,220

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly
1922 monthly

average..
average..
average..
average. average...

26,510
62,544
102,320
03,745
82,617

1921.
January
February
March
April

915,351 I $4,610 $22,663 $32,485 911,844

$2,131

$26,344

4,690
7,890
9,691
14,855

26,265
30,4S9
50,865
71,455

$8,245
8,808
9,026
15,174
21,139

! 1,63S
\ 2,8*7
• 5,158
j 6,089

50,911
57,294
63,417
24,635
29,893

19,032
16,597
17,315
4,994
7,138

86,837
99,696
123,058
54,447
72,920

25,162
34,154
34,548
20,939
29,525

9,349
12,524
3,365
5,413

34,232
32,874
31,215
31,285

30,750
26,509
32,685
30,535

5,730
5,316
8,413
5,345

49,898
51,244
45,309
61,079

8,939
11,711
10,678
23,637

3,148
5,064
4,140

208, 797
214,530
251,969
254; 579

26,143
23,289
23,627
23,695

23,358
19,620
19,700
23,799

4,854
4,062
4,638
6,646

48,871
53,648
52,737
59,849

22,760
20,253
25,106
25,646

2,275
3,129
1,618
1,399

204,911
185,690
178.159
194, 769

46,349
24,189
53,443 j 29,416
56,317
51,869
26,709

17,133
17,712
26,717
27,106

2,818
2,995
4,803
4,307

51,170
47,241
53,345
78,969

22,700
17,077
22,519
40,242

1,233
2,843
4,315
6,819

179,29*2
188,008
210,948
237,496

56,529
57,701
73,235
63,323

25,214
20,137
25,950
21,296

22,793
25,114
23,745
22,889

5,229
6,193
4,727
4,440

65,237
55,147
63,063
58,725

27,941
22,406
19,370
18,990

4,513
6,291
10,339
6,470

217,185
215,743
256,178
217,023

71,718
72,322
76,767
78, S64

28,249
30,733
33,699
32,200

33,032
29,158
29,560
27,362

6,082
7,891
8,234
7,920

69,831
80,535
66,479
86,715

29,693
35,825
20,261
38,362

jj
|j
||
j|

4,287
1,975
3,695
3,«32

252,817
260,461
251,772
281,376

8,405
8,408
8,528
9,595

64,402
104,640
79,122
81,139

26,870 j ;

36,982

27,605
38,861
39,416
39,186

2,615
4,024
7,791
9,125

298,49;
345,104
291,805
293,780

33,579
35,201
49,386
41,364

72,105 | 30,597
28,290
75,390
32,705
115,744
36,249
103,346

41,413
41,654
53,436
46,422

11,676
10,827
13,511
15,052

95,013
87,291
97,107
100,314

17,730
9,328
10,804
S,294

329,245
303,412
397,928
364,253

5,729
5,646

44,039
31,904
28,171
24,721

105,520
89,609
77,355

36,282
35,331
36,038
35,794

49,401
36,443
32,136
29,157

16,875
12,579
10,670
6,017

107,091
99,012
90,582
88,382

33,113
24,111
30,179
31, 892

8,954
5,538
4.095
3,944

372,545
320,231
287. 454
275.438

5,820
9,248

26,133
32,833

66,572
86,904

33,115
37,850

27,830
36,980

71,014
75,860

26,366
24,430

2,854
2,843

253;645
308.366

; $1,978

4,391

$149,383 |
149,106
148,216
199,303
246,039

252, 601
325,364
439,873
209,096
265, 145

1922.

September*
October
November
December

j
I
!
i
j
j
j
;
i

1923.
January
February
March
April.
May

:

June

!

July
August
September
October
N o v e m b e r ....*•
December

103,643
89,749
120,987
10.1,855
102,278
S9,Q55

6,999

53,194 j 28,081
81,051 I 46,809
70,946 | 34,695
66,812

46,970 jj
34,4,54 jj
33,156 |j

i!
31,041 I
I
24,881
32,685
26,480

I
1

Compiled by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, and represent imports of merchandise only. Up to and including May,
1921. import values represented "actual market value or wholesale price at the time of exportation to the United States, in the principal markets i of the country from whence
, ,
......
.... — . _ _ . . ,
.. ,
.
i.-Ai_-_i__iJ.._ _„....,,.
w^- — J - i i - ^
._ ...
__„
' - ~ J — t o placing the merchan> actual foreign market
..__,
_, .
_ . __..,
„
.
.
.
.
.
,
„
(Emergency tariff act of May 27,1921.)
5
Figures for September, 1922, include only the first 21 days of September, during which the old tariff law was in force

°—23




13

194

EXPORTS BY GRAND DIVISIONS.1
Table 141.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources,2
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]

YEAR AND MONTH.

Total.

Germany.

France.

TO SOUTH
AMERICA.

TO NORTH
AMERICA.

TO EUROPE.
United
Kingdom.

Italy.

Total.

Canada.

Total.

TO ASIA AND
OCEANIA.

I TO
IAFRICA
GRAND
TOTAL.

Argentina.

Total.

Japan.

Total.

1OO
85
116
226
263

1OO
67
73
175
298

100
88
128
187
178

100
85
143
221
251

Relative to 1913.
average..!
average.. |
average.-!
average.. I
average. J

100
89
172
254
271

1OO
111
325
559
611

i 1918 monthly average..;
I 1919 monthly average. . |
; 1920 monthly average..:
1921 monthly average..
j 1922 monthly average, .i

257
346
298
158
139

605
580
439
146
173

192T.
January
February
,
March
April

260
191
159
140

May....
June
July
August.

|
|
I
I
1

I

100
45
3
1
(»)
(8)
26
88
106
90

626
563
473
274
192

279
159
153
106

166
132
104
65

141
142
147
165

77
99
109
117

September.
October
November.
December..

142
157
122
124

1922.
January
February
,
March
April

100
102
203
319
340

1OO
124
343
386
533

100
80
93
154
210

349

100
77

100
62

150
206

150
213

100
49
96
140
195

328 •
159
145

220
216
321
188
152

220
182
241
147
143

207
301
426
187
154

191
284
389
202
174

290
432
502
311
265

438
586
605
377
350

205
338
573
252
193

248
319
331
181
154

448
397
258
208

225
190
159
171

316
222
192
188

162
134
143
146

503
318
234
170

529
359
266
160

550
493
311
256

440
423
315
233

576
506
365
240

316
235
187
164

70
105
124
130

344
347
209
213

163
131
145
173

179
184
174
204

150
146
155
203

148
143
127
114

168
161
158
120

234
263
204
233

236
328
280
218

193
167
154
174

159
163
157
177

168
202
150
134

125
90
83
74

150
283
202
229

121
173
123
140

174
154
143
124

167
133
1 2 3 \\
105 !

114
125
109
133

113
116
111
158

253
293
296
340

374
483
502 li
590

110
173
202
166

157
166
142
143

119
103
144
147

138
125
149
172

81
75
122
106

100
168

132
108
148
147

116
119
147
142

97
105
132
129

113
115
141
150

135
136
152
184

316
251
311
242

537
361
438
270

134
180
218
164

135
121
159
154

May....
June
July....
August.

135
149
127
124

157
179
166
144

144
182
276
199

151
153
127
112

i42
151
151
171

132
143
147
168

149
171
160
154

176
197
161
154

249
270
250
218

308
314
308
204

271
198
178
197

149
162
145
146

September.
October..,.
November.
December..

132
165
173
149

172
236
249
195

74
99
93
84

193
296
272
244

144
170
182
163

167
178
173
170

165
174
167
157

169
165
183
181

196
194
184
215

224
296
286

241
416
412
389

209
178
228
157

151
179
184
166

1923.
January....
February
March.....
April

152
128
132
125

182
108
160
174

83
85
90

236
163
196
220

170
145
129
119

156
149
181
183

146
132
160
160

175
171
188
187

201
213
199
203

241
271
335
274

257
339
454
364

204
186
295

May
June
July
August..

111
112
102
109

160
154
129
145

78
65
85
79

151
199
140
136

112
91
108

208
199
192
198

197
186
177
181

184
202
193
200

224
242
210
257

270
292
291
265

3S2
326
350
253

201
219
231
200

153
155
146
150

September.
Ouober....
Vmembr.

162
172

196
248

108
112

240
292

183
181

196
179

179
154

176
179

185
188

314
398

414
530

198
195

184
194

1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly




I

I
j
j
I

|
j
j
j

I

I

jl
|
|

I
I
See footnote?,an opposite page.

162
148
157

195

EXPORTS BY GRAND DIVISIONS.1
Table 142.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government source^1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

TO NORTH
AMERICA.

TO EUROPE.
Y E A R A N D MONTH.

Total.

GerFrance. many.

Italy.

United
Kingdom.

Total.
Thousands of dollars.

S 124,964 $12,827 $29,328 $6,556 S49,228
49,984
13,191
8,161
111,608
14,175
99,870
981
22,477
214,451
41,733
157,282
188 | 25,294
317,773
71,735
167,450
(3)
34,920
338,538
78,399 |

1913 monthly average.
1914 monthly average.
1915 monthly average.
1916 monthly average.
1917 monthly average.

321,558
432,306
372,174
196,992
173,618

325,219
238,816
j 199,256
i 175,239

$50,098
40,132
46,567
77,046
105,081

1919 monthly average.
1920 monthly average.

110,457
107,983
160,764
94,132
76,304

1921 monthly average.
1922 monthly average.

1921.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August

50,349

25,953

18,745

31,027

17,955

22,247

20.338

12,575

171,774
189,880
161,319
78,510
71,340

35,825
20,432
19,597
13,582

48, 812
38, 837
30, 503
19 133

29,357
26,004
16,908
13,634

110,794
93,450
78,155
84,247

158,528
111,381
96,083
94,309

20,485
9,863
176,799
12,708
30,796
177,814
183,195 ! 13.946 ! 36,324
206,228 I 15.050 ; 38,284

1918 monthly average.

22,537
22,743
13.674
13,944

80;287
64,439
71,315
85,257

89,647
92,071
87,357
102,141

77,000
74,447

41,015
7,730

512,424
660,035
685,668
373,761
319,315

September
October
November
December

177,246
196,054
153,071
| 154,961

21,579
25,849
19,259
17,231

30,774
26,266
24,326
21,741

9,857
18,554
13,249
15,001

59,475
84.951
60,640
69,105

87,138
55,972
77,128 | 44,750
71,579 I 41,194
62,216 ! 35,111

13,920
15,308
13,320
16,205

1922.
January
February
March
April

j
| 149,042
! 128,938
180,1S2
183,143

17,753
10,054
19,080
22,076

23,669
22.053
35,658
31,048

9,266
5,637
6,558
11,028

64,933
53,390
72,788
72,291

853
,0s8
109
306

,024
096
304
.128

8.. 991
8, 901
8T 430
9.^7!

49.598
40,517

21,324
20. 937
22,943
22, S34

9,210
9.780
9,105
9,289

41,709
47,012
58,080
47, 531)

66,086
22, 509
62,407
24,656
59,539 1 23,002
1
60,0IS
24,431

10, 270
11,094
9,004
11,794

40,791
50,564
50,358
45,912

21, 544 I S, 474
21.SOS j 8,593

54,4,59
08,974

20,117
22,946
21,243
18,466

26,107
28.191
20,215
26,293

9,473
11,933
18,111
13,042

74,48ft
75,246
62,346
55,264

57,995
32,600
35,301
59,717
44,493
73,542
71,124 I 43,402
!
71,0.50 j 44,288
75,896
47,944
75,622
49,514
85,565 i 56,4b7

September...
October
November
December

164,786 ! 22,025
206,009 ! 30,215
215,802 I 31,928
186,727 I 25.062

21,716
28, 981
27, 385
24.742

12,674
19,384
17, 800
15,989

71,062
S3, 928
89, 731
SO.412

83,893
89,124
86, 85S
85,262

1923.
January
February
March
April

189,659
159,586
164,798
156, 405

23. 286
13.791
20,475
22.306

26,086
24.442
25,031
26,290

15,489
10,705
12,851
14,416

83, 603
71.537
63,630
58, 460

78,308 j 48,90S
74,742 ! 44,497
53,044
90,849
.33, 799
91, 827

May
June
July
August

20.524 j 22.968
13S,541
40,028
19.729 j 18,9S3
127,274 I 16,543
24,935
136,763 I 18,537
23,260

9,914
13,048
9,148
8,929

September.
October
November.
December..

201,989 I 25,0S2 | 31,541
215,369 ! 31,803 ; 32,797

15,752
19,176

May
June
July
August

1
2

| 168,754
I 186,701
158,471
i 154,863

48. 414
55,164
45,014
53,001

90,002
89,256

103,971
99,520
96,237
99,427

55,309
58,459
52,M:>

97,954 I- 60,227
89,908 I 51,717

,158
929
530
,800

i 5,179
| 5,318
\ 5,100
! 7,237

43,897
50,077
51,250
58,807

6,187
6,246
6,987
8,411

54,726
43,534
53,799
41,874

8,064
9,023
7,378
7,053

2?662

324,863

4,103

294,092

4,010

27,985
18,788
22.785
14,041

343,331

4,865

296,198

3,232
4,344
5,25S
3,901

ij
1
1
1
1

278,848
250,620
329,930

j;
il

318,470

H

43,074
46,811
43,253
37,794

31^7. 509
4, ?"')

'•*<>, 1 1 7

\

38.845

'

M0

.11., 19."
AH). OiHJ

IT t>' 2
2A,u\2,
is. ('3(>

4 479
4 n')

335 a;

i I'd

31i,J77

7, 122
4. VIH

5. >*7
3(rj

Including reexports.

Compiled by the U. S. Department 0/ Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, and
represent exports, including reexp T
are those at time of exportation in t h e ports of t h e United States whence exported, except reexports from bonded warehouses, which aie
» Total for year 1917 is 53,275. No figures for 1918.




<'i<h ri '.-* •sr.h
Values
-ed in their import value.

196

COAL PRODUCTION IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES.
Table 143.—INDEX NUMBERS.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
COAL.

Y E A R AND MONTH.

United
Kingdom.1

LIGNITE.

Union of ! GerGer- !
Bel- j CzechoNether2
South
many.' j France. I g h i m . 'Slovakia. Poland. lands. Japan. Canada. Africa.
many.

Czechoslovakia.

Relative to 1913.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average
average
average
average
average

1918 monthly average..
1919 monthly average..
1920 monthly average..
1921 montlily average..
1922 monthly average.

1OO

100

85

92
88

100
67

100

1OO

100

1OO

48

1OO

91

96

96

94

73

101

62

1OO

89

84

52

74

114

108

86

88

71

65

94

118

110

64

61

100

112

115

81

91

117

108

74

88

130

128

86

78

131

141

92

74

111

157

81

79
80

106

98
95
*

78
82
69

76

95

107

86

85

134

139

95

76

S4

93

84

78

122

138

91

87

95

87

74

131

136

97

88

90

85

62

135

143

91

55

86

84

78

83

96

89

83

138

88

OS

95

93

79

139

88

74

99

97

85

135
132
131
141

129

65

146

93
92

SO

5 69

3 85

56

'72
69

2 94

79
71
70

72

67
79
230

1921.
January..
February.
March....
April

«3

May....
June
July....
August.
September..
October
November..
December..

70
74
78

109
104
102
92

!
!

91

73

100

99

80

223

101

83

j

135

143

76

98

100

72

238

108

83

I

123

145

84

74

97

95

81

233

112

78

i

125

144

97

75

73
75
80
83

107

103

239

123

S3

!

124

152

1923.
January..
February.
March
April

104

86

91

238

107

98

151

100

92

49

86

212

112

72

75

139

51

85

112

103

90

107

247

125

86

103

169

105

71

96

68

84

224

123

47

101

146

95

88

77

101

119

124

157

92

100

72
62

246

57

90
88

91

71

May....
June
July....
August.

98

72

94

230

118

63

122

144

81

«365

248

110

60

124

157

83

«389

252

109

50

119

167

90

83

September.
October
November..
December..

61

103

88

89

64

10S

89

65
77

91

64

109

90

61

*374

255

103

92

116

163

95

68

113

96

56

«385

269

118

99

116

166

97

66

110

95

75

•354

260

123

101

117

164

91

61

112

95

71

343

250

116

101

112

164

'' 11
* 10

123

105

404

2S0

123

109

123

125

S4

3H0

117

97

114

114

101

420

294

117

96

127

96

308

288

134

91

134

71

265

137

95

H6

1)7

141

07

76
76
58
82

1923.
January..
February.
March
April
May....
June
July....
August-.
September..
October
November..
December..




99
91
106

j
|
j

90

331

101

274
90

98

87
127

193
104

See footnotes on opposite page.

90

197

COAL PRODUCTION IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES.
Table 144.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
LIGNITE.

COAL.
United
Kingdom.1

YEAR AND MONTH.

Germany. 3

France.-

Belgium.

Unionof
NetherCzechoslovakia. Poland. lands. Japan. Canada.

Ger-

Czechoslovakia.

665
641
626
757
785

7,269
6,975
7,329
7,849
7,962

1,918

747
776
867
870
735

8,389
7,820
9,303
10,249
11,428

1,411
1,641
1,756
1,559

889
811
873
897

10,071
10,039
9,876
10,374

1,817
1,749
1,867
1,750

9,369
10,058
10,068

Thousands of metric tons.3
1913 monthly average .
! 1914 monthly average
1915 monthly average
1916 monthlv average.. .
1917 monthlv average

15,842

3,404

22,499

13,449

2,294

1,393

24,342

1,904

1,189

156
161

1,135
1,858

1,031

21.443

12,239

1,628

1,181

189

1,707

1,003

21,711

13,264

1,776

1,405

216

1,908

1,095

21,044

13,979

2,410

1,243

251

2,197

1,062

283

2,336

1,133

283

2,606

1,035

534

328

2,437

1,001

19,286

13,376

2,188

1,157

19,458

2 9,723

2 1,822

1,540

874

19,402

1918 month! v average
' 1919 monthlv average
1920 monthiv average
1921 mont. hi y average
1922 monthly average

803

8 10,950

2 2,890

1,866

928

13,695

2 11,351

23,213

1,817

970

631

327

1,938

888

20,904

10,861

3,596

1,770

825

1,850

381

2,049

845

19,277
17 343

12,009

3,246

2,041

1,027

557

345

2,101

965

12 009

2,875

1,778

998

279

1,849

880

17,027

11,460

2,969

1,800

1,039

566
609

293

11,906

3,009

1,712

1,012

661

290

2,173
2,018

840

« S20

8,771

2,919

1,592

926

447

284

1,933

789

10,295

3,258

1,700

988

666

337

1,844

844

1921.
January
March
April .

..

705

15,215

3,218

1,777

944

658

330

1,804

883

11,727

3,386

1,840

1,014

660

311

1,642

1,036

939

10,606

1,597
1,696
1,685
1,786

17,877

11,607

3.. 393

1,876

949

898

10,359

1,766

3 337

1,906

861

372

1,792
1,920

947

11,977

659
672

348

IX, 355

939

818

10,567

1,618

19,524

11,708

3,309

1,818

964

711

364

1,983

887

832

10,479

1,860

20,247

October
' November
December

10,731

896
877
873

IS, 660

May
June
July
' August

11,923

3,632

914

703

373

2,191

944

824

11,029

1,883

19,293
18,842
22,263

12 166

3 533

1,872

1 028

72«>

371

1,894

787

653

10,979

1,718

3,390

1,760

584

092

330

1,995

818"

499

10,091

974

13 418

3 807

1 968

1 067

861

386

2,212

980

684

12,260

2,018

1922.
Tanuarv
February
March
April

. ..

IS,N.Vl

1t.289

3,278

1,726

808

675

350

2,191

533

669

10,634

1,827

May
June
J uly
August

21,:;ti6

12,120

3, 442

1,708

854

734

3S4

2,113

594

827

11,437

1,758

17,381

9,038

3, 415

1,675

740

753

359

2,096

715

813

10,487

1,559

20,213

9 589

3,513

1,669

778

* 2,930

387

684

823

11,411

1,590

21,<>67

10,206

3,682

1,695

911

* 3,123

303

1,961
1,942

:m

793

12,147

1,681

September
October
November
Decem bor

22,211
23,015

10,157

3, 705

1,721

729

1,833

1,040

772

11,823

1,467

1 819

666

«3,007
* 3,095

398

10,753

420

12,078

1,449

10,456

3,753

1,805

891

4

776

11,896

1,103

22,122

9,684

3,799

1,818

848

4(»5
390

1,129
1,144

7?3 i

23,019

2,099
2 180
2,063

1,152

742

11,897

1,567

1,585
1,474

-

2,843
2,758

i

1923.
*' J&1111&FV

February.

24,020
22,229

* 1,732
»1,554

4,200
2, 609

1,994

912

1,604

880

3,243
2,894

437
398

2,189
2,084

1,236

819

9,104

1,106

761

8,289

25,791

3,051

1,924

786

3,370

458

2,084

1,094

842 •

1,733

April

22,151

3,063

1,822

1,198

2,959

450

•,. :<7,i

1,032

889 !

1,366

May

25 391

3,576

1 813

1,068

2,683

414

2,438

1,074

1,970

1,077

21 2(Vi

1,857

i TH1V

21 756

971

1.289

940

428

1,278

990
1,438

22,524
25 349

i Prorated from weekly reports.
> Compi
per month i
and i '
» One metric ton'is equivalent to 2,204.6 pounds.
* Includes upper Silesia from 1923 on. The old territory produced 837,000 tons m July.
« Exclusive of the Ruhr.
6
Tons produced from Apr. 2 to July 4; production curtailed by strike.




i

193

METAL PRODUCTION IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES.
Table 145.—IBTDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government and non-Government sources*1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
PIG IRON

YEAR AND MONTH.

STEEL INGOTS.
United
Kingdom.

United
King- Canada. France. Belgium. Luxemburg.
dom.

ZINC.
Stocks in
United
Kingdom.

Relative to 1913.

1Q13 monthly
1914 monthly
1*315 monthly
l°10 monthly
1°17 monthly

average. . . .
average
average
average
average..

1918 monthly a vertigo
1(>1Q monthly average. .

1OO

100

100

100

100

1OO

1OO

52
11

58

72

102

71

56

57

96

3

63

112

87

23

4

82

;

29

5

77

122

41

4

109

i

33

(S)

60

120
128

149

47

25
46

38

,j.

72

89

46

14

32

45

125
103
118
47
76

161

10

106

62

51

50

64

63

32

62

70

79

47

94

63

115

21

134

71
62

65

118

69
81

88

104

92

104

88

106
96

64

60
48

38

97

49

54

50

t')5

75

24

!

27

j

89

38

'

65

66

:

08

54

45

77

46

68

59

69

67

51

39

76

68

67

45

71

69

13

!

63

67

56
11

61

46

51
46

49
48

7

31

65

54

2

67

65

37

38

j

1

60

62

31

(»)

65

66

33

39

74

62

27

61

1
11

Mav
June
julv
September
October
November
December

Mav
June
.
Julv
August...

j

64

62

22

33

18

62

56

13

57

60

59

99

35

68

83

59

14

55

67

64
83

60
52

17

03

16

j

»1OO

1OO

j

..

56

19

42

28

60

59

23

47

18

63

66

57

77

62

56

84

61

;

82

62

i
:

80
76

71

76

72

82

68

71
78

71

86

72

23

70

:

62

83

76

31

81

i

56

105

80

39

76

50

48
34

80
93

41
52

75

=

101

37
28

117
110

57

51
66
86

38

46
63

55

62

63

25

82

47

99

27

127
121

29

44

69

36

48

38

72

45

48

35

40
50

74

44

:

89
88

40

93

:

20

49

68

48

46
46

60

69

57

34

. . ..

!

;

60

32
32

1922.
January .. .
February
March
April .

to 1920.

100

100

87
So

1921.
January
February
March
April

Relative

81

100

w
1921 monthly overage
1922 monthly average

Production in
Belgium.

Relative to
Apr.-Dec.
average,
1920.

Canada. France. Belgium. Luxemburg.

\

i

48

102

57

67

72

18

92

58

113

!

23

126

;

96

56

68

63

38

90

123

1

20

118

38

;

99

61

71

74

72

93

55
56

127

33

103

74

70

82

69

100

74

130

19
17

137

50

30

lot?

79

72

87

41

103

83

134

16

50

November
December

i

35

48

September

27

43
47

. .

44

'

116

S5

78

88

62

109

S9

138

58
62

42

'

us

83

73

94

60

104

86

131

43

118

77

i

85

75

54

105

82

133

!

12S

12
!
i

157

3

!

160
168

1923.
January
February
March
April
Mov
June
Julv

66

49

112

80

67

98

55

103

87

|

122

64

52

71

73

42

111

54

73

77

.

JO

i
I

1

161

74

77

73

82

45

126

102

80

90

78

'

4

185

76

100

81

S3

45

117

107

90

83

!
I
;

SO

41

128

120

98

s-i

72

120

110

108

92

73

84

121

81

118

42

103

!
i

198

100

90

98

85

101

S9

95

111

112

96

91

121

114

101

109

65




77

89

111

109

78

113

69

'

152

178

78

70

October
November
Deccm her

2

174
j

-.

171

1

5

170

4

158

1

3

170

5

110

180

I
t

See footnotes on opposite pag«.

199
METAL PRODUCTION IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES.
Table 146,—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non- Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
PIG IRON.
United
YEAR AND MONTH.

!
1913 mouthlv average... ...!
1914 monthly average... ... ;
1915 monthly average.... . . |
1910 monthly average... . . . |
1917 monthly average. , ...j
191S m o n t h l y
1919 m o n t h l y
1920 m o n t h l y
1921 m o n t h l y
1922 m o n t h l y

756
612
667
218
408

average.
average.
average average.
average.

Canada. France. Belgium. I Luxem-

Thousands of
long tons.4
855
744
733
754
785

STEEL INGOTS.
Canada. France.

ZINC.

IT

Stocks in 1 ProducUn'ivii
tion in
Belgium.

Belgium.!

T h o u s a n d s of
long tons. 4

Thousands of metric tons. 3

!j 639

1

i

653

!

II

713

|

•';

766

!

ii

817

j

11
1

212
152
133
163
127

109
201
276
280
419

21
93
73
134

106
51
58
81
140

658
755
302
485

140
77
92
56
41

151
182
246
250
373

104
65
130

112
105
106
96

95
83
28
72

493
484
359
71

40
59
53
27

26S
264
251
257

121
100
98
110

3
117
434

52
64
54

244
245
228
232

64
55

236

302

35
33
47
64

315
316
367
324

84
106
97

60

364
358
369
397

118
113
115
151

36
54
52
47

407
430
410
415

171
182
177
169

48

179
157
184

123

93

408
290
316
355

170

104
96
74
105

388
427
400
452

172
189
182
215

84
58
68
87
87

434
224
49
124
145

81
50
32

207
121
6

396
62
70
106
130

221

62
50
63

116

'; 25,477
17,945
5,430

7,740
6,106
10.393

16,635
15.239
16,158

9,161
7,199
5,115
4, 762

1931.
January
February
March
April.....

642
464
386
60

58
60
39

292
300
292

14
1
10
94

56
55
54
50

2S3
285
267
255

45
45

83
71
74

September.
October
November.
December..

158
236
272
275

44

244
256
295
301

40
47
61
74

88
100
94
102

429
405
443
381

56
72
75
43

1922.
January...
February.
March
April

2S8
300
390
394

94
92
118
114

102
97
133
131

328
419
549
404

33

34

312
323
385
383

May
June
July....
August..

408
369
399
412

32
28

442
416
428
447

119
115
127
154

142
144
150
149

462
400
473
521

September.
i October
j November.
j December..

430
482
494
534

25
37
35
36

462
503
514
513

163
175
172
160

152
16.3
154
159

568
543
634
652

41
44
65
84

486
306
316
350

165
151
170
172

142
88
95

May....
June
July....
August..

714
693
655

102
99
82
93

393
445
436
486

166
172
187
199

September.
October
November.
December..

559
593

75

482

May
June
July
August.,

1923.
January...
February.
March
April

|

41

50
48
40

32
34
42

{
I
!

90
123
135

556
.56-3

601
54t»

624
707
803
749
821
768
624
583
695
702

42
30
22
16
33
63

47
89

206
277

446

20
58

19 r^H

•+

i>, • O o

83
71
82

\7, -7."*
15,73S
14,297

6,019
6,801
8,122

76
101
100

12,781
9,335
7,140
6,795

9,092
8,543
9,866
9,359

5,979
5,221
4,804
\, 454

9,733
9,160
9.. 877
10, 626

4,108
2, 990
842
707

10,>80
12,133
12.401
13.040

79

441
221
93S
1,387

11,739
12.500
14,319
13,791

73
74
96
110

l,9Oi
1, 8.S0
1,342
1,128

13.492
13,239
13,183
12,230

j
|
j
\

889
1,158

13,172
13,966

j
!

i *
>

j
j
i

|
I

114
124
128
131
135
139
132
134

74
79

y

1
Compiled by the Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, from official reports, except zinc stocks in United Kingdom, and zinc production in Belgium reported by American Bureau of Metal Statistics; iron and steel production in United Kingdom reported by British Federation of Iron and Steel Manufacturers; Canadian production by Department of Trade and Commerce, Dominion Bureau of Statistics.
- Index number less than 1.
* A long ton contains 2,240 pounds.
8
Average for 9 months, April-December.
* A metric ton is equivalent to 2,204.6 pounds.




200
EMPLOYMENT IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES.
Table 147.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite, page.]
UNITED
KINGDOM.

YEAR AND MONTH

1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average
average
average
average
average

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
1921 monthly
1922 monthly

average
average
average
average
average

September
October
November
December

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

January
February
March
April

September
October..




Soe footnotes on opposite page.

201

EMPLOYMENT IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES.
Table 148.—NUMERICAL DATA.
Based on data from Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

1

UNITED
KINGDOM.
CompulTradesory
unions. insurance.

YEAR AND MONTH.

GERMANY.

BELGIUM.

NETHER- SWEDEN.
LANDS.

NORWAY,

1 DENj MARK.

* 92.1
»98.1
3 98.1

AUS- I
]
TRALIA
i (quarterly) .

CANADA

Per cent employed.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916 monthly
1917 monthly

average
average
average
average
average

96.4
95.8

|
i
!

97.9
97.7
98.9
99.6
99.4

1918 monthly average
1919 monthly average
1920 monthly average
1921 monthly average
1922 monthly average

j
j
:
i
j

99.2
97.6
97.6
84.7
84.6

98.8

January...
February.
March
April

98.4
98.4

97.1
92.8
96.8
97.8
99.0

97.3
96.1

94.9
83.8
85.4
94.2
90.4

95.6
93.3
92.2
95.8
96.1

98.4
97.6

99.1

92.5
90.1
92.3
95.1
90.8

90.0
91.1
92.8
89.1

95.6
9-1.5
94.6
73.9
76.9

98.6
98.4
97.7
82.7
S3.1

82.6
89.3
94.2
80.1
S2.1

as. 5

S0.3
76.8
76.4
78.3

83.9
83.5
S3.7

81.4
83.2
S3.3
82.3

84.5
86.9
90.9
91.3

83.4
81.6
79.2
74.8'

91.5
92.0
88.9
84.9

71.1
66.9
72.1
76.0

86.1
89.4
90.4
S9.G

83.9
86.8
S7.1
88.9

91.3
94.7
95.9
96.4

S9.4
88.7
S4.S
79.7

97.2
9G. i
93. S
93.9

78.5
76. S
84.0
88.5

92.2
93.6
03. 2
9.3 4
05.5

96.2
86.3
86.7

98.8
96.3
96.2
97.2
98.5

78.4
93.5

93.1
91.5
90.0
82.4

91.8
90.5
88.7
85.0

95.5
95.3
96.3
96.1

80.7
77.3
68.5
6S. 8

79.8
79.2
75.4
75.8

88.7

83.6
86.1
88.1

May
.Tune
July
August.

77.8
76.9
83.3
83.7

82.7
82.2
85.2
86.8

96.3
97.0
97.5
97.8

67.7
77.1
78.6
78.3

90.6
91.9
92.4
92.7

74.7
72.1
72 2
73.2

82.2

September
October
November
December

85.2
St. 4
84.1
83.5

87.8
87.2
84.3

82.3
86.4
86.1
88.6

93.2
93.1
90.0
83.4

74.2
72.8
71.4
66.1

82.9

53.S

98.7
98.8
98.6
* 98.4

January...
February.
March
April

83.2
83.7
83.7
83.0

83.S
84.8
85.6
85.6

96.7
97.3
98.9
99.1

88.8
89.9
90.8
91.1

80.0
78.1
S5.9
88.1

65.2
67.9
69.4
71.4

76.5

May....
June
July.-..
August..

83.6
84.3
85.4
85.6

86.5
87.3
87.7
88.0

99.3
99.4
99.4
99.3

93.0
94.0
94.6
95.6

89.5
90.5
90.6
90. 8

76.7
78.5

84.5

79.8

87.5

S2.6

88.5

85.4
86.0
85.8
86.0

88.0
88.0
87.6
87.8

January...
February.
March
April

86.3
86.9
87.7
88.7

May....
June
July....
August..
September.
October

91.7

J

I

j

90.7

|

j
j

94.2 I
92.9 |

3

98.5
96.6
95.4
87.5
93.0

i

93.4

|

I

93 5

-

:

'
I

88.8
90.7

1
;

!

88.6

!

87

1921.

j
|
|

85.1
83.9
82.9

79.1
82.1
S2.7

82.9
SO. 7
79.1

SO. 9

90.5

1922.

I

September
October
November
December.

j
j

|
i

74.9
74.9
76.8
82.2

96.2

91.0

84.7

88.9

98.6

96.1

90.5

84.9

89.5

98.0

96.2

89.0

82.9

88.2

97.2

96.2

S5.6

78.3

84.9

87.3
88.2
88.9
89.1

95.8

96.1
96.9
97.4

j

i

93.0

82.9
84.6
88.1
S8 4

'<

88. 7
88.9
SS. 9

89.3
S9.0

93.8

S9.0

!

-S9.4

95.9

90.2

92.3

90.9
91.9

•SS.7

96.5

90.3

93. 5

92.0

88.5

93.7

91.3

92.4

j

90.8

90.4

90.4

97.8

88.7

I

97. 1

ss.o

i

88.6

1923.
94.8
94.4

7-S. 6

j

83.9

79.2

!

87.6

80.1

S

ss. i

8-1 4

i

i

1

96. C

•

91.4
i

92 S

j
92.9

1
Compiled b y t h e Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, from official sources. Canadian figures furnished direct b y Dominion Department of Labour, Employment Service of Canada. The figures, except in the case of British compulsory insurance, which relate to the operations of the
bureau, represent the percentage of trade-union members employed They have been converted, by inverting, from the original figures showing percei \tage unemployed.
a
December.
9
Average of quarters, March, June, September, and December.
« Yearly figures are quarterly averages.
6
The riport for December covers 6,075,75o organized workers of whom only 97,687, or 1.6 per cent, were unemployed.




202

FOREIGN TRADE OF THE UNITED KINGDOM.
Table 149.—INDEX NUMBERS.
Based an data from Government source*.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite pag©.§

IMPORTS
(values).

YEAR AND MONTH.

Manufactured
articles.

Food,
| drink, Raw
Total. and matetorial.
bacco.

Food,i
drink,! Raw
Total. and j niateto- j rial.
| bacco. J

EXPORTS OF KEY
COMMODITIES (quantities).

REEXPORTS
(values).

EXPORTS
(values).

I WoolCot- ! en
ton- | and Iron
wor- and
piece
goods. , sted steel.
tissues.

Man- (
Food,
i Manufacufacdrink, Raw
tured ! Total. and mate- tured
i
arti- j
! torial. ! articles. ;|
i bacco.
cles.

Relative to
1920.

Relative to 1913.
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915monthly
1916monthly
1917monthly

av..
av..
av..
av.,
av.,

1918 monthly
1919 monthly
1920 monthly
3921 monthly
1922 monthly

av.
av.
av.
av.
av.

v
100 i
83 |:
94 j!

103

100
84

131

102

123

144

120

138

157

137

113 p

100
91
115

100

98

100

96

103

87

99

89

84

73

77

75

91
50

37. I

l|
100

171

198

163

145

95

212

244

229

138

152

j

|

2m

252

235

254

!

142 j
131 i

196

96

127

136 I

115 j

163

106

119

137 I

111 I

252

100

92

100
82
71
96

i 1OO i 1 0 0

82

100

Relative to
1913.
| 100

IOO

82

I 78

80

|

75

65

59

!

67

52

|

47

48 ;

(•)

90

140

89

132

77

93

(3)

64

47

68

64

(*)

28

85

C3)

i

22

43

33

43

150

102 i
156

100 ! 1 0 0
109 ! 84

87

Coal. [

269 I

142

105

46

289

25

!

;

!

192

181

ioo

100

70

98

190 j

78

90

66

43

35

48 j
34 j
34 I

95

137

86

91

94

70

69

87

79
78

147

39

34

25

41

33

17

103

230

76

48

36

15

109

205

88

37

18

28
50
49
52

32
38
47
50

56 j
59 j
70 j

208
91
146

272
143
13S

203

25
19
48
121

113
98
107
116

!

|

i

1921.
May
June
July
August

135

207 j

138

215

126
138

i
71 i
78 |

120

98

109

87

174 j

86

!

112

209

83 j

113

!
|

90

117

115
t

September..
October....
November..

136

200

j

87

111

146

132

184 I

91

110

142

128

139

171

j

128

111

144

December..

133

162

!

118

113

136

January
February
March
April

119
108
137
126

140
133
187
166

105

110

145

SO

103

May....
June
July....
August.

139

178

108

|

122

75 ij
90 s;

64

168

90

|i

105 i

120

128

94

204 :

72 |

84

72

|

126

147

114

230 i

96 |

88

96

132

\

121

149

108

|

222 )

90 j

84

117

j

133

138

101

I
j

183 |

80 |

102

105

121

151

93

162

75

133

101

118

140

111

171

126

148

120

145

151

111

j

us

127

111

127

129

101

!

12.5

133

112

150

131

I

13

I

51

;

56 t

I

September..
October
November..
December..

165

107

117

119

112

132

118

95

|

115

138

103

138

141

91 j

108
*
9',

147

93

160

112

188
175

120 j
133 j
149 I
148

|

82 j

May....
June
July....
August.
September..
October
November .
December..




|

54

54

66

82

03 j

71

85 :

64

63

67

85

j

90

196

|

|

91 |

84

73

57

90

|

85 j

120

78

61

'

77

|

86 I

102

SO

65

78
S3

|

100 I

114

119

143

110

173

141

70 j

105 J

58

|

76

107

j

62

67

116

122

138

113

15$

137

91

109

96

96

j

58

84

101

|

129

121

152

125

173

152

100 !

119 I

84 I
97 j

96

108

74

90

107

j

138

123

135

103

163

131

93 I

105

93

!

79

S2

97 I

111

!

86 !

92

153

138

j

|
!

9S

l
j

129

!

135

153

155

107 {

127

!
i

88

108

I

1
100 I

131

154

114

I

121

131

105

163

129

10S !

98

122

!

82

93

j

80

i

77

!

97

168

118

!

132

139

97

199

134

123

105

1

7(3

91

|

65

!

S9 |

117

135

173

98

|

133

144

119

201

137

ioo !
136 j

120

162

j

90

86

j

59

;

94

j

112

140

180

101

j

134

163

117

240

154

129 j

165

132

!

102

111

75

139

182

101

I

131

144

145

198

136

120

175

118 j

81

80

88

i

108

96

129

87

100

93

74

|

111

93

63

64

S6

78

!

108

160

71

82

81

|

120

146

89

!

126

136

115

I

186

130

139

182

95

'

135

137

126

|

176

133

129

158

100

129

146

US

I

169

143

163

89
122

See footnotes on opposite page.

|

j

93

!

I

140

156

|

66

92 |

t

!
156

66 i

68

137

i

1923.
January
February
March
April

61

105
99

121

103

126

71

175

161

103

92

100 i

162

128

156

93

204

132
129

|

126

103

203

FOREIGN TRADE OF THE UNITED KINGDOM.
Table 150.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]

YEAR AND MONTH.

Food,
drink,
and
tobacco*

Total.

Raw Manufacmate- tured
rial. articles.

Total.

EXPORTS OF KEY
COMMODITIES»
(quantities).

REEXPORTS
(values).

EXPORTS
(values).

IMPORTS
(values).

Food,
drink, Raw Manufacand mate- tured
Total
torial. articles.
bacco.

Manu
Food,
facdrink, Raw
and mate- tured
artlrial.
toeies.
bacco.

Cotton Woolen Iron
and
and
piece
goods. worsted steel.
tissues.
Thousands of
square yards.

Thousands of pounds sterling (£).

6 4 , 0 6 1 24,184 23,485 ! 16,134 43,770 2,716 5,825 134,281
35,893 2,412
4,893 28,219
58,053 24,995 19,711 13,374
32,072 2,090 4,383 24,411
73,491 31,740 23,881 15,121
42,190 2,458 5,362 32,783
79,042 34,931 28,066 15,766
43,923 1,361 5,597 35,301
88,680 37,893 32,067 18,214

1913 monthly av.
1914 monthly av.
1915 monthly av.
1916 monthly av.
1917 monthly av.,

1,329 5,336 2 , 4 5 5
1,453
4,488 2,007
8,255
1,S67
4,549
1,835
8,131
1,756
4,095 2,271
5,806
620 3,615
1,566

2,646
2,937
2,078
2,055
5,350

7,232
7,083
9,362
9,998

1,958
2,229
3,062
2,744

3,418
2,616
4,082
4,683

1,850
2,219
2,216
2,567

145, 769
152,782
177,5:30
212,403

7,566
7,235
8,045
8,232

102
69
64
76

«8
816
3,103

44,009 I 8,595
I
50,238 j| 10,386
51,094
9,823
9,204
47,388

2,710
3,057
2,944
2,435

3,822
5,143
4,818
4,263

2,057
2,164
2,060
2,501

265,386
353,825
363,633
330,476

6,104
11,109
10,978
11,574

133
156
194
205

3,407
3,407
3,594
4,309

8,459
10,174
10,154
9,200

2,155
2,276
2,709
2,323

4,015
5,323
5,015
4,704

2,285 I
2,575 !
2,428 |
2,168 I

339,348
252,278
304,293
302,598

15,813
11,995
15,057
14,002

254
224
296
258

4,021
4,014
5,201
4,097

8,965
8,720
8,317
7,504

2,152
1,611
1,436
1.288

4,548
4,787
4,795
4,110

2,264 j
2,230 j
2,084 j
2,105 j

341,959
312,435
443,937
378,353

16,585
16,145
17,305
17,632

273
237
252
270

5,057
4,794
5,064
6,146

6,381
8,277
9,148
8,479

| 1,399
| 1,453
i 1, 583
I 1,391

3,103
4,456
5,200
4,969

1,869
2,360
2,354
2,108

396,368
354,690
399,117
360,965

13,834
12,877
16,484
17,521

279
348
373
341

7,083
6,196
6,571
5,955

I 1,687
| 1,300
j 1,639
| 1,592

2,172 i I 400,59S
5,938
342,9S0
6,492 2,021
5,586 I 1,858 I 337,906
8,618
2,207
316.736

22,280
17,718
14,466
12,982

354
318
369
388 I

5,647
5,903
7,180
6,841

7,069
6,290
4,619
3,337

2,507
2,341
2,464
1,559

316,601
330,455

16,561
17,751
20,543
19,122

425
365
308
324

7,684
6,589
6,767
6,580

3,798

2,182

345,828

18,207

335

6,316

23,343
41,785
22,219 i 66,553
37,902 111,289
20,425
59,316
19,160
60,041

1,001 5,083 i 33,880
2,775 10,107 52,663
4,241 12,138 93,394
3,122
5,322 49,048
3,027 8,501 47,452

1921.
May
June
July
August

86,308
88,182
80,757
88,581

50,094
51,915
42,090
50,584

16,711
18,389
20;232
19,589

19,282
17,600
18,005
18,194

43,088
38,152
43,172
51,346

2,101
2,439
2,702
3,124

1,437
1,125
2,775
7,058

38,662
33,658
36,705
39,938

September..
October
November..
December..

87,118
84,742
89,259
85,312 |

48,410
44,475
41,246
39,063

20,465
21,256
29,946
27,792

17,905 |
18,691 |
17,913
18,291

63,842
62,265
62,894
59,375

3,300
3,466
3,586
3,187

6,997
7,359
7,046
7,746

January
February
March
April

76,488
69,275
87,879
80,661

33,972
82,257
45,261
40,097

May....
June
July....
August.

88,S14
84,298
81,784
82,661 I

September
October
November
December

76,944
85,015
95,600
94,912

1933.
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August

24,565
20,220
22,095
21,404

17,710
16,576
20,309
18,962

63,147
58,335
64,581
55, .508

2,861
2,754
3,270
3,011

7,032
51,824
6,869
48,000
8,465 i 51,760
7,376
44,336

43,075
39,936
38,817
37,762

25,358
25,242
24,237
24,141

20,207 ! 58,045
18,857 j 52,140
18,579 i 60,419
60,032
20,326

3,045
3,044
2.806
3,105

8,757
7,671
8,041
8,900

35,555
38,617
45,501
42,292

j
:
j
\

21,848
26,409
30,223
32,499

I
|
j
1

19,244 j
19,726
19,587 |
19,838

62,511
60,399
66,491
58,883

3,154 10,099 48,361
3,066
9,211 j 47,010
3,40S j 10,101 j 51,964 j
2,796 9,493 | 44,932 j

j 99,700
S3, S55
90,002
| 86,417 |

47,398 30.288 !
37,141 26,739 !
40,726 | 27,732 j
41,772 i 22.939

21.707
19,462
21,226 !j
21,446 I

66,939
57,510
60,921
62,871

3,364
2,804
2,646
3,224

9,372
9,470
11,564
11,717

j
!
|
!

53,135
44,324
45,935
46,922

9,798
9,823
9,086
12,429

'
|
!
j

43,631 j
44,086 I
35,188 '
44,070

23,741
23,652
20,991
22,338

21,-562
21,179
20,272
21,774

71,555
62,884
59,504
60,103

3,177
3,940
3,131
3,428

14,005
11.540
10,S35
10,223

I
I
!
j

52,801
46,534
44,734
45,446

11,773 i 2,187
10,955 2,323
8,800
1,711
6,129
1,232

I 82,050 j 38,150 | 23,579
I 99,914 j
I
i

20,S74

63,830
71,332

4,010 9,821

48,937

8,110
11.146

j

September
October
November
December

I
|
j
I

!
|
|
j
i
|
;
'
i

S^ 479 i
89.308 j
76,818 j
88.743 !
j

4 1 4 6,117
324 4,920
270 3,628
279 3,196
195 2,916
137
190
290
143
284

38,207
53,834.
59,292
22,598
24,853

2,579
13,729
18,534
8,921
8,648

»14,718
* 13,417
3 12,460
315,432
3 13,874

1,048 3 308,321 3 8,208
2,575 s 298,782 3 13,706
4,437 370,138 22,178
2,220
9,562
242,938
2,236
348,862 15,438

47,491
58,938
64; 291
47,382
39,429

I
j
|
!

565,415
8 478,763
8 395,417
3 438,318
8 415,004

7,956

Thousands of
long tons.

336
1,194
3,575 7,571
3,842 10,249
2,520 4,171
1,815 4,585

109,678
135,513
161,379
90,669
83,694

1918 monthly av.
1919 monthly av.,
1920 monthly av.,
1921 monthly av.,
1922 monthly av..

3

9,131

Coal.

45,073
40,565
48,455
47,149 |

2,121

I
i
|
I

410,381

1
Compiled from British official reports by the U.S.Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Dome-Hie Commerce. From Apr. 1 south Ireland acquired Dominion
stat,us in its trade statistics. The effect is that trade statistics for the United Kingdom beginning with April, 1923, include only Great Britain, north Ireland, and the
Isle 2of Man.
Figures include exports and reexports.
3
Figures for years 1913-1919, inclusive, are in linear yards.
4
Less than 1 per cent.
NOTE.—See p. 189 for exchange rate on pound sterling,




204

FOREIGN PRICE COMPARISONS.
Table 151. — INDEX NUMBERS.
From Government and non-Government sources.
[Base year in bold-faced type.]

UNITED KINGDOM.

UNITED STATES.'

1

Goods G o o d s comeximported. ported. modities.

Lou- British
don Board
Econo- of
mist. Trade.

YEAR AND MONTH.
39
19
101
quota- quota- quotations. tions. tions.

Kel. to
Julv,
1914.

i

IOO

IOO

IOO

IOO

IOO

too

IOO

160
204

•

225

1

123

1917 monthly av

174

222

211

235

IOO

Relativr

j

133

IOO
101
j 110

:

202

j

1

299

95

262

339

IOO

i

;

191

235

239

283

314

310

510

478

108

136

148

181

202-

198

!

345

321

123

157

158

J59

lh">

|

327

298

IOO

IOO

Relative to >
July, 1914.

t o 1913.

IOO

96

too

97

j

135

117
149

155

193

170

217

207

I

235

180

j

259

206

364

IOO |

141
132

177

409

357

241

too

IOO

1 101
! 137
187

99

1918 monthly av
1919 monthly av
| 1920 monthly av
1921 monthly av
1922 monthly av

JAPAN.

1
i A U S - INDIA
S W E - SWITU.S. Gen. U. S. ITALY DEN. ZER- Can. U.S. Bank u. s. TRA- (Cal- j
LAND. ! Dept. Fed.
LIA. cutta).j
7
Fed. Stat. Fed.
Fed.
()
Res.
BuRes.
(12) ' 1
of
CO
Res. 1 of
Res.
Board. reau. Board.
Labor. Board. Japan. Board.
(10)
<•)
(9)
(u)

R e l a t i v e t o 1913.

1913 monfhlv av

CANADA.

|

All

!
:

FRANCE.

624

347

326

246

250

578

211

196

182

167

200

181 j

562

;

162

166

165

149

196

ISO

168

144

206

191

147

178

149

204

185

147

179 i
182

i

I

218

204 i

167
:

181 j

154

180

i

i

May
June
juiv

159
158

164

.167

j

314

286

577

170

176

162

165

i

306

283

5i2

166

171

169

!

139
142

111

144

147

160

160

166

115

144

149

159

160

165

119

155

158

162

160

169

124

163

161

1(33

160

128

165
162

165

163
158

110

. ...

:

127

All gUSt

September
October
November
December

142

110

January
February
March
April

.

146

166

:

307

287

i

533

164

171

166

201

182

146

314

299

:

527

165

163

166

198

180

148

182

!

317

302

1

5?4

164

161

'

107

183

155

187

167

!

325

303

|

537

164

160

j

165

154
153

194
197

187

156

183

160

169

i

325

306

•

558

165

1

366

154

201

195

157

181

156

166

331

297

1

57L

163

j
i

164

149

195

187

155

178

j

:>S2

158

103

163

144

193

179

158

176

601

155

163

162

145

190

174

159

177

164

147

188

172

162

178

165

147

183

173

161

176

165

148
152

184

176
183

163

179

161

180

185

163

181

185

166

178

163

1

157

164

156

154

163

329

293

163

165

158

155

160

337

294

136

173

164

159

157

m

352

306

596

154

169

137

J923.
January
"February
March
\pril

127
134

...

174

165

158

156

164 ;

362

315

580

155

170

!

161
164

157

165
168

575

156

!

387
422

324

158

355

582

158

175
181

!

166

163

160
162

173
175 :

424
415

372
364

586

162

186

|

167

165

588

159

187

1

168

155
156 I

196
196

139

180

165

145

187

166

153

193

169

155

186

170

-

i

192

155

167

164

160

173 .

•107

363

580

158

181

i

169

155

182

164

160

159

171

409

372

568

160

180

j

167

153

199
198

186

i

141

170

159

155

157

369

566

157

175

|

166

151

192

182

I

166

159

155

MS

168
164

407

136

413

369

5G7

163

173

1

164

149

175

144

176

163

160

158

165

424

163

148

i 172

163

161

158

569
563

173

181

38!
382

loo

150

September
October
«
November
December

179

148

\fav
June
• July
August

|

163

147

421
j

i

153

170

187

175

180

|

177

178

|

170
171
174
174

i

i

1!

j

i

i

I
Data in the first three columns are original compilations of the Federal Reserve Board constructed for the purpose of international price comparisons; basic prices are
obtained1 from trade journals and private firms and weighted according to the 1913 volume imported and exported, respectively, for "imported goods" and "exported goods."
J t
v

" " - - -~ ~ ••--*

~i~..;.,„!„,!—1~

A~ ~~~A

a —-.^U4.^ i — . _ „ - ' • • c t i o n i n 1913, a n d goods c o n s u m e d , w e i g h t e d b y c o n s u m p t i o n i n 1913.

lostly raw materials, unweighted,
ommodities.
by Bulletin de la Statistique Generate of the French Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare; quotations on 45 commodities, mostly raw materials, unweighted.
Compiled by Prof. Bachi; quotations on 38 commodites until 1920, thereafter 76 commodities.
e Compiled by the Federal Reserve Board on the same basis as their Unite! States index for international price comparison. Detailed descriptions of these index numbers may be found in the following numbers of the Federal Reserve Bulletin: United Kingdom, February, 1922, pp. 147-153; Canada, July, 1922, pp. 801-806; France, August,
1922, pp. 922-929; Japan, September, 1922, pp. 1052-1059.
7
Compiled by Svensk HandeUtidning as of the middle of each month; 47 quotations.
» Compiled by Neue Zuricher Zeitung as of the first of each month; quotations on 71 commodities.
»Compiled by the Canadian Department of Labor; quotations on 272 commodities, unweighted.
*• Compiled by the Bank of Japan; quotations in Tokyo on 56 commodities, unweighted.
II
Compiled by the Australian Commonwealth's Bureau of Census and Statistics; quotations on 92 commodities, weighted by consumption.
"Compiled by the Indian Department of Statistics; quotations on 75 commodities.
4
Compiled
6




205

CANADIAN INDUSTRY.
Table 152.—(A) INDEX NUMBERS AND (B) NUMERICAL DATA.
Data from Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year in bold-faced type.]

1

BUILDINGS.

I

M

Is

Y E A R AND MONTH.

!

i

|

&
©
ft
M
W

11
1

BUILDINGS.

NEWSPRINT PAPER.

Net
operating
revenue.

Production.

Shipments.

Stocks.

RAILROAD
OPERATIONS.*

Contracts
awarded.

Exports.

Freight
carried
1 mile.

Net
operating
revenue.

i

" Relative to 1919
A —INDP X

RAILROAD
OPERATIONS.*

Contracts
awarded.

NEWSPRINT PAPER.

|

Thousand's Thousands
of dollars.
of tons.

Short tons.

Relative to 1913.

Dollars.

B.—NUMERICAL DATA

NUMBERS.

a
22
j

1OO

1OO

63

96

i

1OO

44

1913 monthly a v . . .
1914 monthly a v . . .
1915 monthly a v . . .
1916 monthly a v . . .
1917 monthly a v . . .

86

55

22

70

26

;

122

111

i

135

118

70

82

91
1918 monthly a v . . .
1919 monthly a v . . . 100
•; 1920 monthly a v . . . 109
101
1921 monthly a v . . .
135
1922 monthly a v . . .
1923monthly a v . . .

92
100

1,919,413

12,233
24,382
30,384
38,001
45,026

22

106

91

26

135

75

61,527

1OO

too

49

117

43

67,284

108

85

108

67

136

17

73,601

99

135

114

63

114

i

67,738

134

84

114

81

115

63

90,546

(32

62,386
67,922
73,250
67,342
91,013

13,352

12,597

20,163

1,838,608

6,993

2,349,614

7,070

2,598,892

8,320

2,585,756

15,836

50,425
55,203
59,469
62,969
63,077

1,471,776

8,276

2,245,883

55

10,687
17,045
10,600

21,301

2,605,410

20,011

2,199,492

25,987

2,202,005
2,525,283

86,224,251
5,342,357
4,342,664
6,915,408
7,323,404
4,688,726
2,650,772
419,703
3,034,176
3,895, 609
3,426,021
1

I
I

1921.
' May
S June
Julv.
i August
September
October
! November
< December

!

73

74

166

80 !

84

M

24

49.308

81

135

77 !

83

•Si

30

54,715

103

83
98

154

104 j

55

89

36 !

107

111

126

118

113

99

83 i

103

100

135

111

61

138

112

106

119

59

178

160

75,481

111

116
108

115

121

52

153

103 ;

74,537

117

117

110

132

60

133

53 ;

78,599

72, 295
08, 983

49,980
56,412
66,869
75,435

20,920

68,164
79,056
73,380
79,433

17,030

17,007
19,367
15,919

13,399
14,482
13, 896

44,178
42,380
57,318
65,322

26. S60

1,603,459

26,437

1,549,754

17,741

1,701,480

36,307

1,900,867

19,566

2,643,289

18, 997

61,207
65,708
67,055
72,660

3,423,734

16,640

2,939,166

19,119

2.553,083

1,476,234
1,883,849
2,219,649
5,194,575
6,287,477
9,969,263
6,393,845
3,862,288

]

1922.
January
February
March
April

26

99

3

() i

81,418

C)

78,294

123 |
128 ;

33 !

105

63

172 i

42

;

127

57

85,973

69

111 |

92 '

90

21

83,731

121

123

93

116

US

76

128

129

124

122

May

140

140

66

137 1

109 j

m

June

138

138

55

157

in I

102

July
August

134

126
144

91

139

83

146

94

152

79

September
October
November
December

i

I

93
OS

;

94,502

40 j
41

92.5SS

66 '

US. 141

63

90.2S2

140

136

112

144

92 j

157

117 j

9 4 , 444

145

143

112

148

76

226

189 ';

9 7 , 467

144

142

118

171

67

218

147

61

155

164

116

149 '.
34

97.148

138

31
42

135
107

29

91.6S6

200 1
142 j

02

124

31

107.227

96

130

65 1

101,651
111,486

1923.
January...
Vebi'iuirv
March
April

14S

139

92

150

j

136

134

85

153

I

159

155

101

151

150

98

V>2. 5*53

14

May

166

162

108

179 !

127

144

OS

June . . . .
Julv
August

161

160

107

168 i

15S

187

C7

156

152

US

168 j

169

166

124

September
October
November

152

146

148

165

73

!02.186

170

166

160

182

94

114.475

96 ;

108

]

101

80

S2

;

108.514
110,10H
1.13.534

83,555
80,476
87,572
82,924
94,812
93,901
85,447
97,764
92,210
97,362
96,232
99,902

11,727
9,535
7,919
8,726

67, 701
70,729
95,196
61,453

8,393

1,901,153

10, 718

2,012,090

13,466

2,436,349

29,428

1,728,754

34,827

2,151,584

35,620

1,953,603

11,513

75,783
86,480
77,004 j

26,694

1,776,785

11,813

84,024

25,188

1,888,302

8,375
6,893

14,083

79,558

29,314

3,017,717

14,0S5

81,552

24,270

4,332,260

14,913

94,532

21,454

|

4,193,S02

7,623

85,506

52 472 j

2,234,769

94,585
90.795
105.376
101, 805

11,614

82,789

9.841

10.741

84.395

12,677

113,450

12,357

78,378

13,312
•
19,955
30,844

110.196
108,591
103,545
112,818

13,610

98.901

13, S53

92.853

99,118
112.996

I

1

2,587,896
2,051,212
1

2.754,693

40.697
50.675

14,927

92,959

15.631

104,56S

27.4S9

18,670

90,930
100,722

i

2 <>2J 218
2,074,722

3,936,176
2,464,101
2,530,761
4,094401
7,273, 57ft
11,741,284
9,283.522
2,140,033
851,980
«1,821,424
1,937,019
4,034, CM
4,236.28S
4,167,074
4,195.732
5,106,032

23:382

20,123

2,386,707
2, 488, 869

s 861,527
3 151,403
3,578,849
1,315^876

30,07S

1

30,843
'

1,936,355

i

i Production, shipments, and mill stocks of newsprint, comprising practically total production of Canada, furnished by the News Print Service Bureau; exports of newsprint paper and railroad operations compiled bv Canadian Department of Trade and Commerce: building contracts from McLean Building Reports (Ltd.).
• Annualfigurescover all railroads in Canada; monthly reports cover all railroads with annual operating revenues of $.500,000 or over, whicfe iuclude 98 per cent of the
total revenues of all roads.
s Deficit.




206

CANADIAN FINANCE AND TRADE.
Table 153—INDEX NUMBERS.
From Government and non-Government source*.1
[Base year in bold-faced type; numerical data on opposite page.]
BUSINESS
FAILURES.
BANE
CLEARINGS.

YEAR AND MONTH.

EMPLOYMENT SERVICE OF
CANADA.

BOND ISSUES.

Placements.
Government Munic- Corpo- Appli- Vacanration cations. cies.
and
Firms. Liabilities.
provin- ipal. bonds.
cial.
Regu- Casual.*
lar.

FOREIGN TRADE.*

Imports.

Relative to 1920.

Relative to 1913.

EXPORTS OF KEY
COMMODITIES
(quantities).

TOTAL
(value).
Exports.

Canned
salmon. Cheese. Wheat.

Relative to 1913.

1913monthly average..
1914 monthly average..
1915 monthly average..
1916 monthly average..
1917 monthly average..

100
85
82
111

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

1OO

159

185

161

73

59

92

121

290

93

126

144

194

405

57

31

68

125

164

83

72

97

95

393

43

57

76

206

233

124

157

132

61

82

1,271

25

44

126

313

229

127

189

1918 monthly average
1919 monthly average
1920 monthly average..
1921 monthly average..
1022 monthly average..
1923 monthly average.

144

45

75

1,312

51

10

144

42L

208

113

150

174

34

61

1,457

27

83

137

336

226

93

42

210

54

133

220

46

62

1OO

81

78

181

131

304

303

73

83

129

168

178

344

613

75

109

1921.
May
Juno
July
August . . . . . . . .

341

292

107

87

77

151

185

321

146

86

110

97

81

122

111

200

207

86

136

251

153

74

214

86

75

117

122

193

44

40

97

81

71

152

103

190

191

102

72

104

95

81

188

112

180

110

188

44

184

201

188

167

116

198

472

118

47

122

126

132

114

221

107

190

317

164

85

122

102

86

72

235

106

259

610

134

252

73

156

91

67

44

185

115

279

289

124

849

44

126

93

51

38

198

107

277

104

65

412

249

497

49

390

204

170

132

255

531

36

161

131

297

90

68

167

151

324

111

246

192

180

299

i

309

47

146

409
349

j
!

216

187

70

16

63

!

159

96

95
113

200

1OO

102

189

208

1OO

120

184

September
October
November
December

1OO

41

i

1922.
January
February
March
April

168

224

495

483

23

65

102

57

39

138

92

150

110

12

73

143

203

441

110

107

90

56

35

137

97

150

72

36

67
72

187

101

76

54

194

106

27

105

95

91

71

139
112

142

186

85

104

50

8

21

170

354

141

123

272

110

104

85

140

118

224

62

24

178

238

110

10

45

88

98

88

77

103

110

233

68

140
164

207

170

41

102

97

91

79

94

101

135

US

279

4

60

60

159

182

162

110

109
120

229

145

November

158

2,668

163

...

29

317

237

75

133

138

156

156

259

127

149

120

126

108

232

445

149

110

166

357

452

45
94

130

186

September

320

136

158

May
June
July
August

139

150
186

..

None.
51

124

i

156

141

141

152

120

330

330

153

449

•

7

140

March
Anril
May
June
July
August
• September...
October
November




333

8

19

62

102

73

67

104

136

420

100

129

207

399

3,246

130

168

79

61

46

106

126

357

170

68

668
484

167

217

436

191

165

219

111

83

51

218

122

209

127

24

116

133

1923.
January

204

194

215

397

None.

266

423

89

77

39

235

117

187

168

3

85

149

186

370

161

113

90

91

79

49

192

164

248

129

79

157

152

316

237

47

52

106

106

79

135

122

173

113

4
5

202

•

i

61

190

163

192

208

64

259

118

118

99

157

151

242

208

21

142

169

151

554

48

171

103

102

88

125

151

306

135

50

265

165

121

428

36

70

106

105

92

107

138

369

78

103

151

162

138

234

587
None.
None.

11

15

176

185

188

110

141

259

78

160

136

151

140

208

1,131

90

66

128

219

202

173

63

282

136

i
See footnotes on opposite page.

207

CANADIAN FINANCE AND TRADE.
Table 154.—NUMERICAL DATA.
From Government and non-Government sources.1
[Base year In bold-faced type; index numbers on opposite page.]
BUSINESS
FAILURES.
BANK
CLEARINGS.

BOND ISSUES.

GovernLiabili- ment
and
Firms. ties.
provincial.

YEAR AND MONTH.

EMPLOYMENT SERVICE OP
CANAI>\.

ration Applica- Vacanbonds. tions. I cies.

ipal.
!

. Millions Num|ofdollars.!! ber.

I
1913 monthly
1914 monthly
1915 monthly
1916monthly
1917 monthly

Thousands ol dollars.

8775
659
637
S59
1,021

1918 monthly av..
1919 monthly av..
1920 monthly av .
1921 monthly av..
1922 monthly a v .
1923 monthly a v .

1,115
1,351
1,627
1,400
1,304

52
82
199
271

1,466 !
1,426
1,319
1,245 II

September.
October
November.
December..

1,291

Thousands of
dollars.

Number.

1,304
1,110
' 1,29$
1,165

855,934 $31,423
37,953
51,600
39,287
37,996
64,858
42,350
98,268
70,538

2,562
7,118
2,698
17,901
1,312
17,385
1,138 I! 56,198

7,032
5,542
4,158
2,365

3,644
1,888
3,540
2,708

1,035 li 58,000
843 || 64,429
1,845
9,749
4,221
13,395
4,771
27,125

4,917
2,583
4,466
7,052
7,290

5,121
3,846
5,121
6,729

41,533
44,240
45,690

40,165
35,002
39,157

30,502
23,376
24,766

6,588
9,926
8,027

145
171
201
199

3,459 |
5,415 |

4,700
6,092
3,465
6,544

1,000
None.
2,500
None.

42,560
40,037
43,123
76,427

34,396
32,517
38,175
80,762

22,849
21,736
24,604
57,249

229
273
222
284

4,492
4,151
5,671
4,840

7,500
7,500
9,650
7,750

52,340
42,509
37,740
38,596

53,195
34,602
23,031
20,330

340 \
309 |
212 j
207 i

6,873
21,370 I 2,182
6,121
None. ; 10,645
4,445
2,250 | 2,842
4,400 |j 118,000 ! 17,925

4,000
6,633
9,730
6,475

42,233
37,3-15
42,144
39,432

241

219
148 i

j|
i|

:|
|!
||
1
1

3,544 j

21,980
9,002
23,500 I

4,119 |

4,000 !
i

| 34,350 j 23,754 i
i
4,563 |
13,668 i
!
6,997 |
9,558 |
!
4,219 !
3,097 !

68,602
57,644
62,406
65,147

60,734
59,692
56,440
62,363

775
3,363
1,931
8,301

5,178
15,561
24,370
15,258

34,777
21,971
13,488
11,647

14,584
15,483
12,179
13,014

59,805
59,518
64,271
60,050

59,590
81,256
87,640
87,186

5,571
10,710
5,079
1,821

23,000
22,571
30,655
36,452

11,825
10,624
16,319
21,779

9,118
9,002
9,182
7,391

51,476
54,294
79,379
47,695

47,098
47,004
60,847
32,652

1,935
1,266
1,861

1,089 I 3,156 14,207
1,192 j 7,093 11,760
1,767 | 17,470 9,487
1,325 17,179 11,587

45,892
40,816
40,486
65,857

41,690
35,382
36,606
73,179

25,785
9,253
23,439 j 6,801
23,970 | 6,176
49,271
7,275

66,121
61,669
60,757
67,3-55

70,459
73,107
71,821
74,486

September.
October
November.
December..

1,206
237
1,440 ; 253
1,663
310
1,500
315

3,600
5,600 i 4,370
4,960
20,000 i 9,078
4,619
375 j
1,814
5,534 | 143,550 \ 12,579
i

I
450
I 7,650
| 3,800
! 10,383

54,007
64,699
42,494
32,877

59,763
56,797
29,337
21,456

36,615
43,010
20,586
13,971

8,296
10,003
6,859
6,973

60,318
66,875
76,194
70,205

72,934
103,905
131,826
112,038

i, 295 j
i,02S |j
1,152 !;
1,213 ||

327 I
283 |
231 |

6,056
5,607
5.134
4,386

1,470 ji

247 |

K309 i!

230

September.
October
November.
December..

1.2S1 ji
1,258 !|
1,170 li
2,185

8,112
6,003
3,649
3,972

21,182 7,145
17,346 | 21,131
16,008 j 29,254
8,371 34,492

1,520
4,708
3,533
1,080

7,825 j 19,230
5,806 ' 19,758
1,758 16,636
2,986
8,816

6,103
5,602
6,042
1,740

9,233
37,593
55,316
40,669

15,539 j 14,385
12,013 I 15,497
15,005 | 12,636
8,886
24,047

68,086
65,308
91,881
68,181

65,635
58,646
77,787
54,32S

2,239
2,959
2,271
1,979

6,212 15,975
4,672
10,580
3,477
4,350
1,091 j
900

49,167 I 47,297
42; 880
41,067
43,859
42,244

30,174
26,807
28,073

84,265
84,633
77,074
78,826

76,049
96,088
84,478
81,330

3,655
2,373
1,362
1,378

2,676
6,479
13,297
20;666

11,932
22,229
12,665
11,419

68,758

3,545 i 22,335

5,300

209
213

2,889 i

50,000 | 8,718

None. !

12,533
3,484
6,498
10,776
11,374
17,923

46,131
33,3S8
36,866
30,939
37,820 i 31,827
44,082 j 42,393

9,200 |
25,965 |

None. I

I
I
I
|
|

13, 53G
26,095
5, 550
3,225

! 8,450 15. 904
25,665
; | None.
j| 7,125 ! 10,935
'! 10;500 ! 4,493

2,662 |
7,690 j
5,944 |
3,250 i

184

12,076 | 10,540
11,442
5,993
16,081 13,145
16,492 j 15,804

7,732
9,985
12,384
11,007

16,765
5,454
6,315
3,095

I

5,092
2,888
4,095
4,026

14,573
12,684
10,533
11,135
11,104
9,546

; 11,878
I 4,387
j 3,990
| 5,784

6,234
450
7,500
175

1,757 12.942 ' 8,378

3,648
3,976
5,127
2,563
3,635
2,683

4,908
1,529
2,868
3,873

May
June
July....
August..

Thousands of ! J J 2 ? : ,

132,181
105,730
107,222
100,869
62,827
78,775

259
1,442
1,267 j 362
1,223 j 213
1,127
250

;
j
j
!

Wheat.

80,294
76,643
88,711
103,347
62,317
66,872

May....
June
July
August..

1923.
January
February
March
April

EXPORTS OF KEY
COMMODITIES
(quantities).
I; Canned

Regular. Casual.* Imports.

152

1,491 |j
1,614 I;
1,549 ;!

1922.
January
February...
March
April

TOTAL
(value).

TRADE.'

i;

av».
av..
av..
av..
av..

1921.
May.
June
July
August

Placements.

FOREIGN

4,050

10,319
8,266
7,026

71,351

i

3,142 | 9, 740
428 7,129
562 6,614
610 5,143

|.

1
Data on operations of Canadian employment service rprorated
^ .„
, __r
rartment of Labor, Employment Service of Canada; foreign trade
from Department of Trade and Commerce, D&minion Bureau of Statistics; issues of Canadian bonds compiled by The Financial Post; bank clearings and business failures
from BradstreeVs.
J
Placements are termed casual when employment lasts 1 week or less.
« Yearly figures represent the monthly averages for the Canadian fiscal year which ends March 31 of the jrear indicated.
,dian




208
WORLD PRODUCTION OF CANE SUGAR AND FLAXSEED.*
CANE SUGAR.
Java.
World
total.

YEAR.

May.

United
States.*

Brazil.

Oct.

Oct.

Hawaii.
Nov.

FLAXSEED.
Porto
Rico.

Cuba.

Dec.

Argentina.

Dec.

World
total.

Dec.

Thousands of short tons.
9,971
11,293
12,776
13,442
14,50S ;
13,324 1
13,799
13,656
14,706
14,561

1909-1913 average
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921

|
1

1-514
L,054
,797
5,009
,960
,478
\ ,473
,579
,906
003

311
247
139
311
246
284
122
176
328
295

'38
344
486
413
493
440
496
580
551
s 470

363
846

593

434

645

503

677
600
556
522
592

406
485
490
408

567

2,295
2,967
3,437
3,442
3,957
4,597
4,209
4,408
s
4,476
3 4,034

454

S

379

2,614
2,757
2,950
3,058
3,708
2,617
3,361
2,826
2,911
3
3,347

110,992
94,559
103,287
82,151
41,063
61,821
i 61,892
87,964
83,2S8

81,989
36,928
45,040
39,289
4,032
19,588
30,775
! 42,038
i 50,470
36,046

i
1
1
:

Apr.

United
S t a t e s . Canada.

44,280

Aug.

Aug.

Thousands of bushels.

646

s y?)

India.

* Jan.

India.

•

19,505
13,749
14,030
14,296
9,164
13,369
7,256
10,774
8,029
11,668

21,280

12,040
7,175
10,628
8,260
5,935
6,055
5,473
7,998
4,112
5,009

19,343

19,870
15,448
15,880
19,040
21,040
20,600
9,400
16,760
10,800
17,360

i 942

s From private sources.
* New crop available in January of the year indicated; January, 1924, estimate is 75,980,000 busbels.

Louisiana and Texas.
Exports.

WORLD PRODUCTION OF BEET SUGAR*
World United Ger- Ciecho- R u ls _!laa P o l a n d Nether-1 Beltotal.* ! States. ! many, Slovakia. i s - Poland. l a n d s # j g l u m #
YEAR.

Thousands of short tons.
1909-1913 average..

8,432

610

2,296

1914

8,331

722

2,721

374

1,678

1916

5,808

821

1,721

1917

5,208

765

1,726

1918

4,592

761

1,484

1919

3,490

726

1920

4,997

1,089

1,212

1921

5,302

< 1,074

1,434

1922

»5,015

'711

1,605

1915

808

1,017
1,004
812
805
584
688
559
770
728
> sii)

1,726
1,879
1,824
1,457
1,134
318
88
55
55
** 217

246
316
264
286
215
182
263
314
382
«291

279
239
293
263
249
106
195
198
l
294

276
215

268

759
334
150
204
221
121
171
370

315

«319

209
166
166
160
162
120
185
150
244

«292

«515

»291

120
140
136
78
152

154
170
140
151
144
141
141
181
259

128
168
143
124
149
156
149
168
156
>102

116
112
117
139
154
169

91
104
80
• 172

1923 latest e s t i m a t e s .

» Crops in all countries here given are harvested beginning in September.
• From private sources.
»Includes Ukraine; data from private sources.
* Refined sugar in terms of raw on the basis of 95 per cent of the raw.

WORLD PRODUCTION OF RICE.*
Country

; World total.

Egypt.

Apr.

New crop available..

India.

Apr.

stated !
j

Aug.

Italy

i Sept.

|
Spain.;

Japan.

Sept.

Nov.

! Dutch
j East

l

Dec.

Pec.

Millions of pounds (cleaned).

1909-1913.
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923 latest estimates..
1

375

518

553
81
542
237
487
692
607
634
472
»33

4S1
657
804
1,135
965
1,072
1,166
1,446
1,045
1,166

645
741
763
708
718
712
662
997
641
• 632

297
337
320
329
322
282
412
394
856
373

14,009
17,909
17,569
18,360
17,143
17,134
19,106
19,849
17,336
19,067

3,323
3,465
7,051
6,430
5,669
6,451

1,124
1,401
1,109
1,289
1,745
2,210
1,977
2,127
2,560
2,681

266

909

680

32S

18,203

6., 904

2,703

67,891

Normal consumption (1919-1913).
110,780
102,980
114,500
112,300
122,000
97,400
117,200
90,777
120,797
125,r>76

72,950
61,022
73,526
77,932
81,198
55,218
71,613
62,793
74,437
74,294

14,602
7,349

Java and Madura.
* Acreage about half of normal: Summer crop only given.
* 1922 acreage 296,C20 compared with 286,400 acres in 1921
• Data compiled by U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bunau of Agricultural Economics, and corrected monthly in accordance with latest available information received
by that department or by Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. Countries are placed in the order in which crops are harvested United
States estimates as of November 1; other estimates revised to October 20.




209

SOURCES OF DATA.
CURRENT PUBLICATION. 1

DATE OF PUBLICATION.

I.-REPORTS FROM GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENTS, FEDERAL, STATE, AND FOREIGN.
Cereal exports from Argentina.

CANADIAN DEPARTMENT
AND COMMERCE.
FEDERAL
FEDERAL
FEDERAL
FEDERAL

OF

I Estadfstica Agro-Pecuaria

Price index for Australia

ARGENTINE MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE.
AUSTRALIAN COMMONWEALTH'S BUREAU OF CENSUS AND STATISTICS.
BANK OF J A P A N —
BRITISH BOARD OF TRADE
CANADIAN DEPARTMENT OF LABOR...

i Federal Reserve Bulletin
j

Price index for Japan
i
Price index for United Kingdom
j
Price index for Canada
<
Employment in Canadian trade-unions
\
Operations of Canadian employment service...j
Foreign trade of Canada
j
Canadian railroad operations
Canadian iron and steel production
>
Agricultural loans by land banks
j
Wholesale trade
!
Savines deposits in First Fed. Res. Dist..!
Savings deposits in Seventh Fed. Res. Dist..j
Agricultural pumps
j
Savings deposits in Fourth Fed. Res, Dist.-i

TRADE

FARM LOAN BOARD
RESERVE BANK OF ATLANTA.
RESERVE BANK OF BOSTON.
RESERVE BANK OF CHICAGO.

*

Monthly.
! Second week of month.

Federal Reserve Bulletin
Second week of montb.
British Board of Trade Journal
Labour Gazette (Canadian)
Monthly.
Labour G azett-e (Canadian)
Semimonthly.
Labour Gazette (Canadian)
Semimonthly.
Foreign trade of Canada
\ Monthly.
Operating Revenues, etc., of Railways *...' Monthly.
Press releases *
."
!
Not published
Business Conditions
Monthly.
Monthly Review
Monthly,
;
Business Conditioas
;
Monthly.
Business Conditions
Monthly.
Business Review
Monthly.

FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF CLEVELAND.
Business Conditions
FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF DALLAS. . Wholesale trade..
FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF KANSAS Wholesale trade..
Business Conditions
CITY.
• Business Conditions
FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF MINNE- i Retail sales of lumber by rural yards
APOLIS.
Fed. .Hoa. Bull, and daily statement *
FEDERAL RESERVE BAXK OF NEW ; Foreign exchange rates and index
.'
'•' Savings deposits in Second Fed. Res. Dist.. Monthly Review
YORK.
FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF PHILA- I Savings deposits in Third Fed. Res. Dist.. Business and Financial Conditions
I Wholesale trade
> Business and Financial Conditions
DELPHIA.
FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF RICH- | Savings deposits in Fifth Fed. Res. Dist..I Business and Agricultural Conditions
I Wholesale trade
j Business and Agricultural Conditions
MOND.
FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF SAN I Savings deposits in Twelfth Fed. Res Dist..: Business Conditions
i Wholesale trade
\ Business Conditions
FRANCISCO.
I Federal Reserve Bulletin
FEDERAL RESERVE BOARD
, ! Foreign exchange index numbers

Monthly.
Monthly.
Monthly.

Doily and monthly.
Monthly.
; Monthly.
Monthly.
Monthly.
Monthly.
Monthly.
Monthly.
Monthly (second week of month).
j Debits to individual accounts
! Fed. Rw. Bull, and weekly press releases * Sunday papers and monthly.
i Condition of Federal reserve banks
i Fed. Re.>. Bull, and weekly press releases '•''-Fri. morning papers and monthly.
!
F<\1. Res. Bull, and weekly press releases * Kri. afternoon'papers and monthly.
' Condition of reporting member banks
Monthly.
Mocey held outside U. 8. Treasury and Fed- Federal Reserve Bulletin.
; eral reserve system to July J,1922.
I Monthly.
Federal Reserve Bulletin..
I Wholesale price index numbers
Monthly.
| Department store trade; in cooperation with ! Federal Reserve Bulletin..
! National Retail Dry Goods Association.
<
Monthly.
i Index numbers of department store, mail- • Federal Reserve Bulletin
j order, and chain store trade.
i
Monthly.
; Barley and rye receipts
; Federal Reserve Bulletin
!
Monthly.
Federal Reserve Bulletin
Sales of loose leaf tobacco
Monthly.
! Index of ocean freight rates
! Federal Reserve Bulletin
Monthly.
• Index numbers of production
i Federal Reserve Bulletin
Monthly.
! Wholesale trade
i Federal Reserve Bulletin
i Price index for France
i Bulletin de la Statisque Generale

FRENCH MINISTRY OF LABOR AND
SOCIAL WELFARE.
ILLINOIS DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
INDIAN DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS... !
INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSION., !

MASSACHUSETTS
DEPAH-JMENT
LABOR AND INDUSTRIES.
MASSACHUSETTS
DEPARTMENT
PUBLIC UTILITIES.
NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT
LABOR.
NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT
PUBLIC WORKS.
PANAMA CANAL
PENNSYLVANIA DEPARTMENT OF
BOR AND INDUSTRY.

OF

Employment in Illinois
Price index for India
Railway revenues and expenses

; Telephone operating revenue and income
: Telegraph operations and income
i E xpress operations and income
:
Massachusetts employment.

i The Employment Bulletin
Monthly.
Federal Reserve Bulletin
Second week of montb.
i Preliminary statement of operations of Monthly.
Class I roads.
|
;
Not published
Not published
( Not published
,' Monthly statement *

OF

Milk receipts at Boston

OF

New York State factory employment and | Labor Market Bulletin and press releases • . Monthly,
earnings.
*
I
New York State canal traffic
Annual report
Yearly.

OF I

Panama Canal traffic
Unemployment in Pennsylvania
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE— i Beef, pork, and lamb production
LA

BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY.
'
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE—
B U R E A U OF A G R I C U L T U R A L
ECONOMICS.

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE—
FOREST SERVICE.

! Not published.

I The Panama Canal Record
! Semimonthly report *
'• Market Reporter«.

Prices of farm products to producer.
Wool stocks in dealers' hands
Crop production

j Cold-storage holdings and fish frozen
i Movement of cattle, hogs, and sheep
I Receipts of butter, cheese, eggs, and poultry..
, Production of dairy products
,
; Car lot shipments oi fruits and vegetables
| Farm labor, wages, supply, etc
,
, World crop production
,
Live stock on farms
,
Total lumber production from 1913 to 1920...,
I Wood pulp production, 1914 and 1916

Monthly Crop Reporter *
Market Reporter *
:
Monthly Crop Reporter' and press I
releases.*
•
!
Market Reporter *
\
Market Reporter *
Market Reporter 2
*
Mai ket Reporter
Market Reporter *
\
Monthly Crop Reporter *
Foreign crops an J markets *
:
Market Pveporter *
•
Production of Lumber, Lath, and Shingles.
Pulp Wood Consumption and Wood-Pulp
Production.
!
Preliminary report on ginnings •
i
Preliminary report on cotton consumed...-,
Wool machinery and cotton spindles *
j
Census of hides, skins, and leather *
Preliminary report on cottonseed
j
Press release *
Press release *
!
Press release *
i
Press release *
,
Press release *
I
Press release *
!
Statement en stocks of leaf tobacco
Press release
j

Last weekly issue of month.
Semimonthly.
Last weekly issue of month or first
of next month.
Monthly.
First weekly issue of month.
Releases about 1st of month (cotton)
and 10th (other crops).
Fourth weekly issue of month.
Third weekly Issue of month.
Weekly.
Quarterly.
Third weekly issue of month.
Monthly.
Weekly.
Annually.
Yearly.
Yearly.

Semimonthly during season,
Cotton ginned
15th of month.
j Cotton consumed and on hand
20th of nioDtn.
| Active textile machinery
First week of month.
I Leather, hides, shoes, production and stocks...
18th of month.
I Cottonseed and cottonseed oil
! Hosiery statistics
; Men;s and boys'clothing
I Malleable castings
j Wheat flour production from May, 1923
j Pyroxylin coated textiles
I Stokers, sales from January, 1923
One month after end of quarter.
; Stocks of tobacco held
\
Quarterly.
j Wool consumption and stocks
i
* Multifraphed or mimeographed sheets.
1
This is not necessarily the source of the figures published in rho SURVEY as many of them are obtained direct from the compilers prior to publication in the respective3journals. This column and the right-hand ooluam have been added to assist readers in obtaining current statistics between publication dates of the SURVEY.
Beginning Jan. 7,1922, combined into new publication called, Weather, Crop*, and Markets, issued weekly.

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCEBUREAU OF THE CENSUS.

68690°—23-




-14

210
SOURCES OF DATA—Continued.
CURRENT PUBLICATION.

DATE OF PUBLICATION.

I.—REPORTS FROM GOVERNMENT D E P A R T M E N T S , FEDERAL, S T A T E , AND FOREIGN—Continued.
Survey of Current Business..

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF C O M M E R C E BUREAU OF FISHERIES.

Quarterly (one month after end of
quarter).
15th of month.

Press release •
Press release *
Press release *
Press release •
Press release *
Survey of Current Business.
Survey of Current Business.
Monthly statement

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE— j All imports and exports
BUREAU OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC
COMMERCE.

Monthly.

Statistics of fats and oils * . . .

Production Indexes of raw materials and
manufactures.
Fats and oils, production, consumption, and
stocks.
Fabricated structural stoel sales from April,
1922.
i
Automobile production from July, 1921
j
Wood chemical operations
j
Steel castings sales
j
Steel furniture shipments
!
Earnings of public utilities
I
Plumbing goods price index
Fish catch at principal fishing ports
:

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF C O M M E R C E BUREAU OF THE CENSUS—Contd.

1 Fuel loaded fo r consumption by vessels at j
; principal clearing ports.
*
i
I Tonnage of vessels, entered and cleared in
I United States foreign trade.
I
; Data on trade, employment and coal and iron j
I production of foreign countries.
j
I Wholesale price of wool
j
I Warehouse stocks of rice
i

20th of month.
30th of month.
20th of month.
20th of month.
Monthly.
Monthly.

Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce.
(Part I.) i
Not published

Last week of month.

Monthly Summarv of Foreign Commerce.
(Part II.)
Various foreign sources

Middle of next month.

Wholesale Prices
Monthly Summary of Foreign Commerce.
(Part* II.)
U. S. DEPAP.TMENT OF C O M M E R C E - ! Vessels under construction and vessels com- j Commerce Reports
I pleted.
BUREAU OF NAVIGATION.
Not published
,
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF C O M M E R C E - ; Building material price indexes
BUREAU OF STANDARDS.
U. S. GRAIN CORPORATION
U . S . DEPARTMENT OF THE I N T E R I O R BUREAU OF MINES.
U . S . DEPARTMENT OF THE I N T E R I O R GEOLOGICAL SURVEY.

Yearly.
Monthly.
First weekly issue of month (Mondays).

No longer published
,
! Wheat flour production, prior to July, 1920
• Refined petroleum products, production, e t c . . . Refinery Statistics *
j Report on Portland cement output *
; Portland cement, production, etc
; Weekly report on production of coal *
, Coal and coke production

Second week of month.

! 20th of month.
! Second or third weekly issue «f month
(Saturdays).
'
I
! Crude petroleum, production, etc
j Preliminary statistics on petroleum *
j 25th of month.
i Electric power production
End of month.
1 Production of electric power *
j
End of month.
! Consumption of fuel by public utility plants. Production of electric power*
j Figures on nonferrous" metal production
Mineral Resources
' Annually.
; Not published
U . S . DEPAP.TMENT OF THE I N T E R I O R - ; Patents granted
j
IT. S. PATENT OFFICE.
! First week of month.
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR—EM- ; Number on pay roll—United Slates factories..! Industrial Survey •
Report of Activities of State and Munici- Every 4 or 5 weeks.
! Employment asency operations
;
PLOYMENT SERVICE.
pal Employment Agencies.
j
!
Not published
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR—BU- i Immigration and emigration statistics
REAU OF IMMIGRATION.
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR—BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS.

I Wholesale prices of commodities, including Wholesale Prices of Commodities..
i farm products, food, clothing, metals, etc.
I Wholesale price index
, Monthly Labor Review
Monthly Labor Review
! Retail price index of foods
1 Retail coal prices
i Monthly Labor Review
,; United States postal savings
I Postal Savin-is News Bulletin
U . S . POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT
! Postal receipts
! Statement of Postal Receipts * .•
!
Not published
, i Passports issued
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF S T A T E . .
, i Government debt, receipts and disbursements, j Daily Statement of the U. S. Treasury
U. 3. TREASURY DEPARTMENT.
'
! Money in circulation from July 1, 1922
1 Circulation of money
U.
S.
TREASURY
D E P A R T M E N T - f Domestic receipts of goid at mint
j Not published
BUREAU OF THE MINT.
U. S. TREASURY DEPARTMENT—BUREAU OF INTERNAL REVENUE.

i Oleomargarine production
! Consumption of manufactured tobacco, snuff,
I clears, cigarettes, and oleomargarine.
! Internal Revenue taxes on specified articles...
U. S. WAR DEPARTMENT—ENGINEER Iron ore movement
CORPS,
j Sault Ste. Marie Canal traffic
i Ohio River cargo traffic
U. S. W A R DEPARTMENT—MISSISSIPPI i Barge traffic on Mississippi River

I

Monthly.
Monthly.
Monthly.
12th of month.
7th of month.
10th of month.
Last day of month.
! Monthly,
i

I
|
!
!
i

Not published
Statement of tax-paid products *.

First week of month.

Classified collections of Internal Revenue.. 25th of month
Monthly during season.
Monthly statistical report
Monthly during season.
Monthly statistical report
Monthly.
Not published

WARRIOR SERVICE.
WAR FINANCE CORPORATION
,
WISCONSIN INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION...

Not published in form used
j
| Agricultural loans
j 15th of month.
; Wisconsin factory earnings and employment.. Bulletin on Wisconsin labor market *
II.—REPORTS F R O M TRADE ASSOCIATIONS AND PRIVATE ORGANIZATIONS.
(Excluding individual firms reporting data to be combined with other firms or trade associations.)

ABFRTHAW Coy STRUCTION CO
:
ABRASIVE PAPTR AND CLOTH MANUFACTURERS" EXCHANGE.
:
AMERICAN MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIA- ;
TION OP PRODUCTION FROM CORN, i
AMERICAN BUREAU OF METAL STA- ;
TISTICS.
i

AMERICAN
AMERICAN
AMERICAN
AMERICAN
AMERICAN

FACE BRICK ASSOCIATION..;
IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE
PETROLEUM INSTITUTE
PIG IRON ASSOCIATION
!
RAILWAY
ASSOCIATION :

(Car Service Division).

i

AMERICAN TELEPHONE AND TELE- ;
GRAPH Co.
!
AMERICAN WALNUT MANUFACTURERS'
ASSOCIATION.
I
AMERICAN WRITING PAPER COMPANY.;
AMERICAN ZINC INSTITUTE
ANTHRACITE BUREAU OF INFORMATION
ASSOCIATED KNIT UNDERWEAR MANUFACTURERS' ASSOCIATION.
ASSOCIATION OF LIFE INSURANCE
PRESIDENTS.
BOSTON, CAPE COD AND N E W YORK
CAJSAL CO.
BOSTON CHAMBER or COMMEBCE




Building costs

Construction trade papers

Sale of abrasive paper and cloth

Not published

Corn ground into starch, glucose, etc

Not published

Copper production
Silver production
Lead production
Zinc production in Belgium
Zinc stocks in United Kingdom
Face brick production, stocks, etc
Steel ingot production
Gasoline and kerosene consumption
Merchant pig iron production, etc
Freight car surplus and shortage
Car loadings and bad-order cars
Stockholders in the company
Walnut lumber and logs
Purchases and sales of paper
Production and stocks of zinc
Anthracite shipments and stocks
Knit underwear production
New life insurance business
Premium collections
Cape Cod Canal traffic
Receipts cf wool at Boston

* Multigraphed or mimeographed sheets.

;
i
I
I
;
I
'.
;
i
!
•
i
i
'
I
j

Not published
Not published
Not published
Not published
Not published
Not published
Press release to tradfi papers •
Special statement
".
Not published
Car Surplusages and Shortages*
Information Bulletin *
\
Financial papers
Not published
Not published
Press rolease to trade papers *
Statement of anthracite shipments *
Monthly report *

!
j
j
!
I
j 7th of month.
}
j
:
Weekly.
!
Weekly.
i Third week of month.
j Quarterly.
!
15th of month.
15th of month.
Monthly.

jj Not published..
i Not published .
! Not published.

!

Daily.
| Trade papers...
1
Imports and exports of gold and silver in Part I I ,

211
SOURCES OF DATA—Continued.
DATA.

CURRENT PUBLICATION.

DATS OF PUBLICATION.

I I . - R E P O R T S F R O M TRADE ASSOCIATIONS AND PRIVATE ORGANIZATIONS-Continued.
(Excluding individual firms reporting data to be combined with other firms or trade associations.)
Fabricated structural steel sales before April,
1922.
Number of tons carried 1 mile.
Average receipts per ton-mile
Passengerscaniedlmile
Railway employment
Locomotives in bad order
Percent of earnings on valuation
CALIFORNIA REDWOOD ASSOCIATION... Redwood lumber production, etc
CALIFORNIA WHITE AND SUGAR PINE Sugar pine lumber production, etc

No longer published

ASSOCIATION.
CHICAGO BOARD OF TRADE
CHILDS CO
CLEVELAND TRUST CO
COMPAGNIE UNIVERSELLE DU CANAL
MARITIME DE SUEZ.
CONTAINER CLUB
CREDIT CLEARING HOUSE
DAIRYMEN'S LEAGUE COOPERATIVE
ASSOCIATION. INC.
F. W. DODGE CORP
EMPLOYERS' ASSOCIATION OF DETROIT.
ENAMELED SANITARY MANUFACTURERS
ASSOCIATION.
FEDERATION OF IRON AND STEEL

MANUFACTURERS (British).

Wheat, corn and oats, receipts, etc
Restaurant sales
Automobile production, monthly, January,
1920, to June, 1921.
Suez Canal traffic

British iron and steel production

FELT MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION... Roofing felt production, stocks, etc
Fine cotton goods production and sales
FINE COTTON GOODS EXCHANGE
FIRE EXTINGUISHER EXCHANGE
Shipments of fire extinguishers
FOUNDRY
EQUIPMENT MANUFAC- Foundry equipment production
TURERS' ASSOCIATION.
HAFFARDS, G. M., & Co
HYDRAULIC SOCIETY
ILLUMINATING GLASSWARE GUILD
IOWA-NEBRASKA CANNERS' ASSOCIATION.
JACKSONVILLE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
LAKE SUPERIOR IRON ORE ASSOCIATION.
LEATHER BELTING EXCHANGE
MAPLE FLOORING MANUFACTURERS'
ASSOCIATION.
MCLEAN BUILDING REPORTS, LTD
MERCHANTS' EXCHANGE OF ST. LOUIS. .




|
j 5th, 15th, and 25th of month.

Not published

j

Credit
Not published
,
, Statement on Building Statistics
Weekly press release
Not published
Trade papers
, Not published
Trade papers..
Not published
,

Fall River Mill dividends
Hydraulic machinery shipments, etc
Illuminating glassware production, orders, etc.
Unsold stock of sweet corn

Bradstreets
Not published
Not published
Weekly report *

j Weekly.
j
!
]
- Monthly.
!
|
j Second week of month.
I
j Monthly.
: Quarterly.
;
i
! Weekly.
i
! Weekly.
:

,

Turpentine and rosin receipts
Naval Stores Review
Consumption and Stocks of Lake Superior Iron Monthly report*
Ore.
Monthly report (not published).
Sales of leather belting
Maple flooring production, etc
Not published..!
Canadian Building Review
Receipts and snipments at St. Louis
Not published
Not published

! Monthly.
! 3d of month.
I

Monthly statements?

..!

Not published in form used

Button stocks, activity, etc

i

Not published

Brass faucets, orders and shipments

j

Weekly report

Production of paper box board through April,
1923.

| Weekly.

Not published in form used

Chair shipments and unfilled orders

|

Not published

Agricultural pumps

Business conditions
Reserve),
Not published

Steel furniture shipments
Sheet-metal production and stocks
1913 figures for active textile machinery

Daily.
Monthly.

Le Canal de Suez

I
(Chicago

Federal ! Monthly.
i
j

Not published
, No longer published

Production and shipments of passenger cars Traffic bulletin * (production figures not j Second week of month.
and trucks.
published).
i
Glass bottle production index
, Not published
I
Production of paper box board since April, 1923 Not published
Cost of livinr
Monthly press release
Paving-brick production, etc
Monthly report

Department store trade (see Fed. Res. Bd)
Production of wool alcohol and acetate of lime.
Rice distribution through New Orleans
Cotton receipts into sight
Canadian newsprint production, etc
U. S. newsprint data since June, 1923
N E W YORK COFFEE AND SUGAR E X . . . Coffee receipts, stocks, etc
Stocks of tin
N E W YORK METAL EXCHANGE
Indexes of stock and bond prices
NEW YORK TRUST COMPANY
NORTH CAROLINA PINE ASSOCIATION.. North Carolina pine, production, etc
NORTHERN HEMLOCK AND HARDWOOD Hemlock and hardwood lumber production,
MANUFACTURERS' ASSOCIATION.
etc.
NORTHERN PINE MANUFACTURERS' Northern pine lumber and lath
j
ASSOCIATION.
OAK FLOORING MANUFACTURERS' ASSOCIATION.
OHIO FOUNDRYMEN'S ASSOCIATION.
OPTICAL MANUFACTURERS' ASSO
PENNSYLVANIA RAILS CAD CO
PENSACOLA CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
PHILADELPHIA MU.K EXCHANGE
PORTLAND CEMENT ASSOCIATION....
PREPARED ROOFING MANUFACTURERS1
ASSOCIATION.
PULLMAN COMPANY

!

Not published currently

Canadian building contracts
Receipts and shipments of lead and zinc
Mississippi River traffic
MICHIGAN HARDWOOD MANUFACTUR- Hardwood and softwood lumber, production
ERS' ASSOCIATION
and shipments.
MINNEAPOLIS CHAMBER OF COMMERCE. Linseed oil and oil-cake shipments
NATIONAL ALLIANCE OF CASE GOODS Unfilled orders and shipments of furniture
ASSOCIATION.
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BRASS
MANUFACTURERS.
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BUTTON
MANUFACTURERS.
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF CHAIR MANUFACTURERS.
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF CORRUGATED AND FIBER BOX MANUFACTURERS.
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF FARM
EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURERS.
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF STEEL
FURNITURE MANUFACTURERS.
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF SHEET AND
TIN PLATE MANUFACTURERS.
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF WOOL
MANUFACTURERS.
NATIONAL AUTOMOBILE CHAMBER OF
COMMERCE.
NATIONAL BOTTLE MANUFACTURERS'
ASSOCIATION.
NATIONAL CONTAINER CLUB
NAT. INDUS. CONFERENCE BOARD
NATIONAL PAVING BRICK MANUFACTURERS' ASSOCIATION.
NATIONAL RETAIL DRY GOODS ASSO..
NATIONAL WOOD CHEMICAL ASSO
N E W ORLEANS BOARD OF TRADE
N E W ORLEANS COTTON E X C H A N G E . . . .
NEWS PRINT SERVICE BUREAU

Monthly.
'
i Monthly.
|

Trade papers..
Monthly report

Production of paper box board through April,
1923.
Credit conditions
Milk deliveries to milk plants
Building statistics—Contracts awarded
Detroit factory employment
Enameled sanitary ware

|

Summary of operating statistics
Not published
Summary of operating statistics
Not published
Not published
Not published
Not published
Not published

BRIDGE BUILDERS AND STRUCTURAL
SOCIETY.
BUREAU OF RAILWAY ECONOMICS

Oak flooring, production, etc
Ohio foundry iron production
Spectacle frames and mountings, sales, etc
Stockholders in the company
Turpentine and rosin receipts
Milk receipts at Philadelphia
Cement paving contracts
Shipments of prepared roofing

Federal Reserve Bulletin
Not published
Monthly report
Monthly report
Monthly bulletin
Monthly bullet in
Monthly statement
Trade papers
The Index
N ot published
Not published

i
i 21st; of month.
I
j Monthly.
!
j First week
! First week
j
j
i First week
i First week
! Monthly.
I
j

Not published
Not published

Monthly report * (not published)
j Not published.
Financial papers
j Naval Stores Review
I Not published
Concrete Highway Magazine
! Not published

Pullman passenger traffic
Not published
• Multigraphed or mimeographod sheets.

Quarterly.
| Weekly.
i
• Monthly.
'•
j

of month.
of month.
of month.
of month.

212
SOURCES OF DATA—Continued.

II.—REPORTS FROM TRADE ASSOCIATIONS AND PRIVATE ORGANIZATIONS-Continued.
(Excluding individual firms reporting data to be combined wltn other firms or trade associations.)
REFRACTORIES MANUFACTURERS* A S SOCIATION.
RICE MILLERS' ASSOCIATION
ROPE PAPER SACK MANUFACTURERS'
ASSOCIATION.
RUBBER ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA
RUBBER GROWERS' ASSOCIATION
SAVANNAH BOARD OF TRADE
SAVINGS BANKS ASSOCIATION OF STATE
OF N E W YORK.
SILK ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA
SOUTHERN
FURNITURE
MANUFACTURERS' ASSOCIATION.
SOUTHERN P I N E ASSOCIATION
STEEL BARREL MANUFACTURERS' ASSOCIATION.
STEEL FOUNDERS' SOCIETY
STOKER MANUFACTURERS'
ASSOCIATION.
STRUCTURAL STEEL SOCIETY
TANNERS' COUNCIL
,
TUBULAR PLUMBING GOODS ASSOCIATION.
T W I N CITY MILK PRODUCERS' ASSOCIATION.
U . S . STEEL CORPORATION
,

Fire-clay brick production, etc
Silica brick production, etc
Rice receipts, stocks, etc
Shipments of rope paper sacks

Not published...
Not published...
Monthly report..
Not published...

Automobile tires, tubes, and raw material
Rubber stocks in England
Turpentine and rosin receipts
Savings banks deposits in New York State

Monthly reports (not published)
Bulletin of Rubber Growers Association... Monthly.
Naval Stores Review
Weekly.
Not published
.-.

Raw silk consumption, etc
Furniture shipments and unfilled orders
Yellow pine production and stocks
Steel barrel shipments, orders, etc
Sales of steel castings
Sales of stokers through December, 1922..
Sales of fabricated structural steel
Leather production through May, 1922...
j Tubular plumbing sales
Milk production, Minnesota

! Monthly press release to trade papers *
Not published in form used
Not published in form used
Monthly reports * (not published)..
Not published
No longer published.
Not published
Not published
Semfweekly reports.,
Not published

Unfilled orders
Earnings
Stockholders
Wages of common labor
Printing activity
Restaurant sales
Douglas fir lumber production, etc

10th of month.
Monthly.
Quarterly.
Occasionally.
Monthly.

Pressrelease*.,
; Pressrelease*..
Financial papers
| Special reports*
\ Typothetae Bulletin
| Monthly press release *..
| Not published

Sales of elastic webbing

UNITED TYPOTHETAE OF AMERICA
WALDORF SYSTEM, INC
W E S T COAST LUMBERMEN'S ASSOCIATION.
WEBBING
MANUFACTURERS'
EXCHANGE.
WESTERN
PINE
MANUFACTURERS'
ASSOCIATION.

5th of month.

j Not published

Western pine lumber production, etc

Not published
DATE OF PUBLICATION.

SOURCE.

I I I ^ - R E P O R T S F R O M TECHNICAL P E R I O D I C A L S .
AMERICAN METAL
T H E ANNALIST
T H E BOND

MARKET.,
,

BUYER.

BEADSTREET'8

BULLETIN DE LA STATISTIQUE GENERALS
CHEMICAL AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING.
COAL AGE
COMMERCIAL AND FINANCIAL CHEONICLE

Dow,

JONES & Co.

(WALL STREET

JOURNAL).

DUN'S REVIEW
ELECTRICAL WORLD
ENGINEERING AND MINING

JOURNAL-PRESS.

ENGINEERING N E W S RECORD.
FINANCIAL POST
FRANKFURTER ZEITUNG
HAY TRADE JOURNAL
IRON AGE
IRON TRADE REVIEW
LONDON ECONOMIST
LUMBER
MANUFACTURERS' RECORD..
MILK REPORTER
MODERN MILLER
NAVAL STORES REVIEW
N E U E ZURICHER ZEITUNG
N E W YORK JOURNAL OF COMMERCE.
N E W YORK EVENING P O S T .
NORTHWESTERN MILLER

OIL, PAINT, AND DRUG

REPORTER.

OIL TRADE JOURNAL
PRINTERS' INK
PUBLISHERS' WEEKLY
RUSSELL'S COMMERCIAL N E W S
STATISTICAL SUGAR TRADE JOURNAL.
SVENSK HANDELSTIDNING




Composite pig iron and steel prices
New York stock sales
New York closing stock prices
Foreign exchange rates, 1914 to 1918
State and municipal bond issues
Municipalbond Yields
Visible supply of wheat and corn
Bank clearings, United States and Canada
Wholesale price index
,
Business failures, Canada
Price i ndex for France
Chemical price index
Mine price of bituminous coal
Cotton (visible supply)
Interest rates
Mail order and chain store sales
New corporate securities
Now York bond sales and prices
Mexican petroleum shipments
Business failures
Wholesale price index
Sales of electrical energy, central stations
Rand gold production.
Silver prices
Construction cost and volume index
Canadian bond issues
Price index for Germany
Hay receipts
Pig-iron production
Composite finished steel price
Iron and steel prices.
Railway freight car orders
Price index for United Kingdom
Price indices of lumber
Southern construction
Southern bond issues
Milk receipts at Greater New York
Argentine visible supply of wheat and corn
Turpentine and rosin, receipts and stocks
Price index for Switzerland
Dividend and interest payments
New capital issues and new corporations
Fire losses
Newspaper advertising
Flaxseed, receipts, etc
Argentine gTain shipments
Wheat flour production for 1917
Price indices of drugs, oils, etc
Argentine shipments and supply of flaxseed
Mexican petroleum shipments
Magazine advertising
Book production
Wheat flour production, from July, 1920
Sugar stocks, receipts, meltings, and Cuban statistics
Price index for Sweden
Multigraphed or mimeographed.

I

First or second week of month (daily).
First weekly issue of month (Mondays).
Weekly (Mondays).
Weekly (Mondays).
First weekly issue of month (Saturdays).
First weekly issue of month (Saturdays).
Weekly (Saturdays).
First weekly issue of month (Saturdays).
Second weekly issue of month (Saturdays).
First weekly issue of month (Saturdays).
Monthly.
Weekly (Wednesdays).
Weekly (Thursdays).
Weekly (Saturdays).
Weekly (Saturdays).
Second or third weekly issue of month (Saturdays).
Lastissue of month.
First week of month (daily).
20th of month (daily).
First weekly issue of month (Saturdays).
First weekly issue of month (Saturdays).
First weekly issue of month (Saturdays).
Second weekly issue of month (Saturdays).
Second weekly issue of month (Saturdays).
First weekly issue of month.
Weekly (Thursdays).
Monthly.
Weekly (Fridays).
First weekly issue of month (Thursdays).
Weekly (Thursdays).
Weekly (Thursdays).
First weekly issue of month (Thursdays).
10th of month.
First weekly issue of month (Fridays).
Monthly.
Monthlv.
Weekly.
Weekly.
Weekly (Saturdays).
First week of month (daily).
First week of month (daily).
10th of month (daily).
Not published.
Weekly (Wednesdays).
Weekly (Wednesdays).
Weekly (Mondays).
Weekly (Mondays).
10th of month (monthly).
Second week of month.
Third week of month,
Weekly compilation (daily).
Weekly (Fridays).

INDEX.
Page numbers refer to data in detailed tables (53-208) only. Items in the table on "Trend of Business Movements" (pp. 29-52) and in
the text are arranged in groups which should make reference easy without the necessity of an index. Note that only the page containing the index number tables is given here. Where the numerical data for these items are in a separate table, they will always
be found on the page opposite the index numbers.
Page.

Abrasives, paper and cloth
90
Acetate of lime, production
Ill
Advertising, magazine and newspaper.. 146
Agriculture:
Production, index numbers
54
World production, crops
53, 208
Agricultural
implements,
patents
granted
73
Agricultural loans
180
Agricultural products, price index
151
American Telephone & Telegraph Co.,
stockholders
182
American Wholesale Corporation, sales. 142
Animal fats, production, consumption,
and stocks
112
Animal products:
Price index
"151
Production, index numbers
54
Apples:
Production (crop estimate)
120
Stocks and shipments
121
Argentina:
Crop production
53. 208
Flaxseed and grain, exports and
ATisible supply
114
Foreign exchange rate
.188
Australia:
Crop production
53
Employment
200
Price index
204
Automobiles:
Production, shipments, and taxes.. 81
Tires and tubes
82
Bad-order cars
Bad-order locomotives
Banks:
Clearings, Canada
Clearings, condition, debits, and
interest rates
Savings deposits
Barley:
Exports
Production (crop estimate)
Receipts (market)
Wholesale price
Basic commodities, index numbers
Beef, consumption, cold-storage holdings, exports, production, and prices..
Belgium:
Beet-sugar production..
Coal production
Employment
Foreign exchange rate
Motal production




164
166
206
174
172
124
120
122
11.8
54
128
208
196
200
188
108

Belting, leather, sales
84
Bonds:
Canadian issues
206
Capital stock issues, internalrevenue tax
„
148
Issues
178,180
Prices, sales, and yields
176
Book publication
„
88
Boots and shoes:
Exports and prices
86
Production
84
Boston:
Milk receipts
130
Wool receipts
55
Bottles, glass, production
91
Boxes, paper, production, prices, etc. 89, 90
Brazil:
Coffee, receipts and clearances
138
Crop p r o d u c t i o n , c o t t o n a n d
sugar
53,208
Foreign exchange rate
188
Brass faucets, orders
73
Brick, production, stocks, etc
104
British India:
Crop production
53. 208
Foreign exchange rate
188
Price index
204
Building:
(\mtracts awarded, Canada
205
Contracts awarded, United States 92,94
Cost and volume indexes
91
Building materials, price indexes... 91,150
Burlap, imports
99
Business failures:
Canada
206
United States
178
Butter, production, receipts, prices, and
holdings
132
Buttons, pearl, production and stocks.. 90

Pago.

Cape Cod Canal, traffic
162
Capital issues, new
178,180
Capital stock transfers, internal-revenue
tax
148
Cars, freight:
Loadings, shortage, and surplus
1G4
Orders for construction
68
Castings, steel
60
Cattle:
Receipts, shipments, and slaughter 126
AYholesale price
118
Cement, production, stocks, shipments,
and prices
95
Cereals:
Exports
124
Exports, and visible supply, Argentina
114
Production. United States
120
Production, world, wheat
53
Receipts, visible supply, etc
122
Chain stores, sales
,
142,144
Cheese:
Exports from Canada
206
Production, receipts, prices and
holdings
]32
Chemicals:
Exports and imports
110
Price index
150
Production, prices, stocks, and
wood consumption
Ill
Childs Co., restaurant sales
148
Chile, foreign exchange
188
Cigars and cigarettes, consumption
136
Citrus fruits, car-lot shipments
121
Cleaiings. bank:
Canada
206
United States
174
Clothing, cost of. index numbers... 149,150
Coal:
Consumption by vessels
160
Canada:
Exports from United Kingdom
202
Bank clearings, bonds, and busiExports from United States
76
ness failures
206
Foreign production
196
Coal production
196
Loadi ngs
164
Crop production
53, 208
Production, stocks, prices, etc
76
Employment
200, 206 Coconut oil, production, consumption,
Exports of key commodities and
and stocks
116
foreign trade
'.
206 Coffee, imports, stocks, and Brazilian
Foreign exchange rate
188
movement
.138
Iron and steel production
198 Coke, production, exports, and prices.. 76
Paper, buildings, and railroad operCold-storage holdings:
ations
205
Apples
121
Price index
204
Butter and cheese
132
Canals, traffic through
3 62
Eggs, (ish. and poultry
3 33
Candy, sales
3 46
Meats
]28
(2J3)

214
IN D E X—Continued.
Page numbers refer to data in detailed tables (53-208) only. Items in the table on "Trend of Business Movements" (pp. 29-52) and in
the text are arranged in groups which should make reference easy without the necessity of an index. Note that only the page containing the index number tables is given here. Where the numerical data for these items are in a separate table, they will always
be found on the page opposite the index numbers.
Page.
Concrete pavements, contracts
95
Condensed and evaporated milk
130
Condition, banks
174
Construction, building:
Canada, contracts
205
Contracts awarded
92, 94
Cost and volume indexes
91
Southern, value
92
Copper, exports, prices, and production
70
Copra, consumption and stocks for oil.. 112
Corn:
Exports
124
Exports and visible supply, Argentina
114
Production (crop estimate)
120
Receipts, shipments, grindings, and
visible supply.
122
Wholesale price
118
Corn, sweet, stocks, Iowa-Nebraska
121
Corn germs, consumption and stocks for
oil
112
Corn oil, production, consumption, and
stocks
116
Corporate issues:
Canada
206
United States
178,180
Cost of living
149,150
Costs, building construction
91
Cotton:
Consumption, ginnings, receipts,
exports, imports, stocks, and production
56
Spindles, activity, etc
60, 61
Prices
62
World production
53
Cotton fabrics:
Cloth exports
58
Consumption by tire manufacturers
82
Exports from United Kingdom. . . . 202
Fine goods, production and s a l e . . . 5S
Knit underwear
58
Price, wholesale print cloth and
sheetings
62
Cotton yarn. price, wholesale
62
Cottonseed, stocks
109
Cottonseed oil:
Production.
consumption,
and
stocks
115,116
Wholesale price
118
Credit conditions:
Indebtedness and orders
184
Payments
186
Crops:
Cotton
56
Food, production and value
120
Prices, index numbers
150
Prices, wholesale
118
Production, index numbers
54
Tobacco
136
World production
53, 208




Page.
Crude petroleum, consumption, production, stocks, etc
78
Cuba, sugar movement
134,208
Customs receipts
183
Czechoslovakia:
Coal and lignite production
196
Sugar production
208
Debits to individual accounts
Debt, United States Government
Denmark:
Employment
Sugar production
Department stores:
Sales
Stocks, value of
Detroit, employment
Dividend and interest payments
Dividends, Fall River mills
Dress goods, wholesale price
Drugs and pharmaceuticals, wholesale
price index
Dutch East Indies, rice production. . . .
Dyes and dyestuffs, exports from United
States

174
183
200
208
144
145
154
178
59
62
Ill
208
110

Earnings:
Express companies
166
Gas and electric companies
168
Labor
154
Public utilities
168
Railroads
166
Telegraph and telephone companies 168
United States Steel Corporation . . . 66
Eggs, receipts, and cold-storage holdings
133
Egypt, crop production
53, 208
Elastic webbing, sales
59
Electric power, production, sales, and
earnings
168
Emigration
154
Employment:
Agencies, State and municipal.... 158
Canada
206
Factories and railroads
154
Factory, by industries
152
Foreign countries
200
Enameled ware, orders, shipments, and
stocks
106
Equipment, foundry, orders, sales, and
shipments
72
Essential oils, wholesale price index... I l l
Expenditures, United States Government
183
Exports. (See Foreign trade and individual commodities, t
Express earnings, revenues, and incomes
166
Fabricated structural steel, sales
Factories, employment in

68
152,154

Page.
Failures, business:
Canada
206
United States
178
Fall River mills, dividends
59
Farm prices, index
118,150
Farm products, production, index number
54
Faucets, brass, orders
73
Federal farm-loan banks, loans
180
Federal reserve banks, condition of
174
Federal Reserve Board:
Foreign exchange index numbers.. 188
Price index
151
Production indexes
54
Federal Reserve districts:
Department store stocks
145
Retail sales, department and chain
stores
144
Savings deposits
172
Wholesale trade index numbers... 139,
140,141
Felt rooting, production, stocks and
receipts
108
Fertilizer, exports
110
Fiber imports
59
Firearms and shells, internal-revenue
taxes
148
Fire extinguishers, shipments
73
Fire losses
94
Fish, catch and cold-storage holdings.. 133
Fish oil, production, consumption, and
stocks
116
Flaxseed:
Consumption and stocks for oil
112
Exports, visible supply, Argentina. 114
Receipts, shipments, and stocks
109
World production
208
Flooring, production, shipments, stocks,
etc
102
Flour, wheat:
Production,
cor sumption,
and
stocks
122
Wholesale price
118
Food, cost of, index numbers
149,150
Foodstuffs:
Exports
Imports
Foreign exchange rates.
Foreign countries.
Coal production
Crop production
Employment
I Fetal production
k
Price comparisons
Foreign trade:
Canada
United Kingdom
United States imports
United States exports
Vessels in United States ports

191
100
188
196
53, 208
200
198
204
206
202
190.192
191,194
160

215

INDEX—Continued.
Page numbers refer to data in detailed tables (53-208) only. Items in t h e table on "Trend of Business Movements" (pp. 29-52) and in
the text are arranged in groups which should make reference easy without t h e necessity of an index. Note that only the page containing t h e index number tables is given here. Where t h e numerical data for these items are in a separate table, they will always
be found on the page opposite t h e index numbers.
Forest products:
Car loadings
164
Price index
151
Production index numbers
54
Foundry equipment, orders, sales, and «
shipments
72
Foundry iron, Ohio, stocks, meltings,
and receipts
71
France:
Coal production
196
Crop production
53. 208
Foreign exchange
188
Iron and steel production
198
Price index
204
Freight cars:
Bad-order, loadings, shortage, and
surplus
164
Orders for construction
68
Freight rates, ocean
160
Fruits, car-lot shipments
121
Fuel:
Consumption by public utility
plants
168
Consumption by vessels
160
Cost of, index numbers
149, 150
Furnishings, cost of, index numbers
149,150
Furniture, shipments and unfilled orders 96
Furniture, .steel, shipments
68

Hides and skins:
Imports and prices
86
Stocks
84
Hogs:
Receipts, shipments, and slaughter. 126
Wholesale price
118
Housing:
Construction
92
Cost, of, index numbers
149

Kerosene oil, production and stocks
Kresge, S. S., Co., sales
Kress, S. H., & Co.. sales

Labels, paper, orders
90
Labor:
Earnings
154
Employment
154, 158
Wages
156
Lamb and mutton, cold-storage holdings
and production
J 28
Lead, production, receipts, shipments,
and prices
74
Leather:
Exports and prices
86
Production, sales, and stocks
84
Life insurance, new business and premium collections
170
Light, cost of, index numbers
149, 150
Lignite, foreign production
19<i
Linseed oil:
Production,
consumption.
and
stocks. .
116
Shipments
115
Linseed-oil cake, shipments
115
Livestock:
Loadings
164
Prices, index number
150
Receipts, shipments, and slaughter. l2(i
Living, cost of
149,150
Loans:
Agricult ural
J 80
Banks
17 i
Locomotives:
Bad-order
W,
Shipments and unfilled orders
OS
| Losses, Ih'o
94
I Lubricating oil. production, and stocks. 80
Lumber, production, stocks, prices,
etc
96, >)8, 100
Luxemburg, iron and steel production.. 198

Ice cream, production
130
Illinois, employment
154
Illuminating glassware, production, etc. 91
Immigration
154
Imports. (See Foreign trade and individual commodities.
Incorporations, new
178
Indebtedness, wholesale trade
184
India. (See British India, i
India rubber, prices, imports, and stocks 82
Ind ustria 1 corporal ions:
Dividend payments
178
New capital issues
180
Stocks and bond prices
176
Insurance, life, new business and premium collections
170
Internal revenue taxes:
Automobiles
81
Candy sales t ased on taxes >
140
Firearms, jewelry, theaters, bonds,
Gas and electric companies, earnings.. 168
stocks, etc
148
Gas and fuel oils, production and stocks. 80 Interest rates
174
Gasoline, consumption, exports, proIron and steel (see also Pig iron and
duction, and stocks
78
steel!:
Germany:
Crude steel, production, stocks,
Coal and lignite production
196
prices, etc
66
Crop production
53. 20S
Exports and importe
6>
f
Employment
200
Exports from United Kingdom
202
Foreign exchange rate
188
Finished products
GS
Glass, bottles and illuminating ware,
Foreign production
198
production, etc
91
Pig iron, production, stocks, prices,
Gold receipts, exports, imports, and
etc
64
Rand output
187 Iron, foundry, Ohio
71
Government iinances: Debt, receipts,
Iron ore, movement, consumption, and
and disbursements
183
stocks
70
Grains:
Issues, new capital
178
Exports
124 Italy:
Exports and visible supply, ArgenCrop production
53, 20S
tina
114
Foreign exchange
ISLoadings
164
Price index
204
Production
120
Japan:
Receipts, shipments, and visible
Coal production
190
supply
122
Foreign exchange
rates
18\World production, wheat
53
Price index
20Grease, production, consumption, and
Rice production
29 ^
stocks
112
Java, sugar production
208
Hawaii, sugar production
203 Jewelry, watches and clocks, internal
Hay:
revenue taxes
14*
Production
120 Jobs, registered and applicants for
l;"b j
Receipts
121 Joint-stock land banks, loans
180 I




Page.
80
142
142

McCrory Stores Corporation, sales
142
Machinery
72, 73
Magazines, advertising
146
Mail-order houses, sales
142
Manufactures:
Exports
191
Imports
190
Production index numbers
54
Massachusetts, employment and earnings
154
Meats, production, exports, prices, etc. 128
Metals and minerals:
Price index
150. 151
Production index
54
Production, foreign
198
Mexico:
Cotton production
53
Petroleum shipments
78
iilk, production, receipts, etc
130
Minneapolis, milk production
130

216
I N D E X—Continued.
Page numbers refer to data in detailed tables (53--208) only. Items in the table on "Trend of Business Movements" (pp. 29-52) and in
the text are arranged in groups which should make reference easy without the necessity of an index. Note that only the page containing1 the index number tables is given here. Where the numerical data for these items are in a separate table, they will always
be found on the page opposite the index numbers.
Pago
Mississippi River, cargo traffic
162
Money io circulation
183
Money orders, domestic and foreign
140
Montgomery Ward & Co., sales
142
Municipal bonds:
Canadian issues
206
New issues
178
Yields
176
Million, production, and cold-storage
holdings
J28
Naval stoves, receipts, and slocks
Mew capital issues
Now incorporations.
New York City, milk receipts
New York State:
<'anal traffic
Employment and earnings
Savings bank depo~iis
New York Stock Exchange sales
Newspaper advertising
Newsprint paper:
< anada. production
Production, shipment s
Netherlands:
Coal production
Employment
Foreign exchange rat es
Sugar production
Nitrate of soda, imports.
Norway, employment...

102
U 78. .180
178
130
j
102
154
172
."170 |
140 j
I
205
88
190
200
.188
208
110
200

Oats:
Exports
124
Exports, Argentina
114
Production (crop estimate)
120
Recoipis a n d visible supply
122
Wholesale price
118
Oceau transportation
1G0
Ohio; foundry iron, stocks, receipts.etc. 71
Ohio River, cargo traffic
102
(Mis:
Essential; wholesale price i n d e x . . . IllFuel, consumption b y vessels
160
Petroleum a n d products
78, 80
Vegetable a n d fish
116
Oil wells completed
78
Oleomargarine, production and consumption
115
Onions, car-lot shipments
121
Optical goods, sales a n d unfilled orders. 91
Ore, car loadings (see also Iron ore)
164
Owl Drug Co., sales
142
P a n a m a Canal, traffic
162
Paper:
Boxes, labels, wood p u l p , etc
90
Newsprint, production, etc
88
Passports issued
3 54
Patents granted
73
P a y roll, New York a n d Wisconsin factories.
^ 54




J-£ge.

Payments, dividend and interest
178 Prices—Continued.
Peanut oil, production, consumption;
Sugar
134
and stocks
116
Textiles
02
Peanuts hulled, consumption, and
Tobacco
136
stocks for oil
11.2 Printing, activity and sales
88
Pearl buttons, productiou and stocks . . 00 Production, index numbers (sec oho
Pennsylvania Railroad Co., stockholders 182
Individual commodities)
54
Penny. J. C . Co., sales
'142 Public nuance
183
Peru. cotton production
53 I Public utilities:
Petroleum, crude, production, con!
Bond ]vri<'cs
170
sumption, stocks, etc
78 <
•
('ontracts awarded
94
Petroleum products
78, 80 j
Dividend payments
178
Philadelphia, milk receipts
130 j
learnings, production, etc
1.08
Philippine, rice p roduction
208 j
New capital issues
180
Pig iron:
j Pumps
72
Prices, production, etc
04 j
Production, foreign countries
Railroad operations, (\mada
205
Plumbing, tubular, sales
Railroads:
Plumbing fixtures, price index
1 )i vidend payment s
] 78
Poland:
'
Employment
154
< oal prod uction
190 j
Financial operations and traffic
166
Sugar production
208 j
Freight car movements
104
Pork, production, consumption, e t c . . . 128 j
New capital issues
180
Postal receipts
140 j|
Pullman passengers
166
Postal savings
172 II
Stock and bond prices
170
Potash imports
110 \i Rand, gold output
187
Potatoes:
I Raw materials:
Car-lot shipments
121 | ]
Exports
191
Production, crop estimate
120 '
190
Import:*
Poultry, receipts, and cold-storage hold\
151
Price index
ings
133 i
54
Production index niunb«
Power, electric, production and s a l e s . . . 108 Receipts, United States G o v e r n m e n t . 183
Prepared roofing, shipmei.is
!0S j Kestaurant sales
148
Price index (.svv: also individual com* 90
Retail l u m b e r sales . . . ,
modities):
Retail prices:
Bradstroot's (wholesale)
151
('oal
70
.Building and construction costs
91
Food
150
Department of Labor (wholesale).. "150
tfugar
134
D u n ' s (wholesale)
151 Retail trade
134,142,144,145, 150
Drugs and chemicals
LI 1 Rice:
Federal Reserve 1 >oard (wholesale). 15]
10xports, imports, receipts, shipForeign
204
ments, a n d stocks
125
P l u m b i n g fixtures
01
Production (crop estimate)
120
Stocks and bonds
170
World production
208
Prices:
Roofing, production, stocks, receipts
Brick
104
and shipments
108
Butter and cheese
132 Rope paper sacks, shipments
90
Cement
05 Rosin, receipts and stocks
102
Coal and coke
70 Rubber, consumption, imports, stocks,
Drugs a n d chemicals
1 J.I
and prices
82
F a r m products
118 Rumania, wheat production
53
Flour
118 Russia, sugar x>roduction
208
Hides a n d leather products
86 Rye:
Iron and steel
64, 66
Exports
.,
124
Lumber
96,98,100
Production (crop estimate)
120
Meats
128
Receipts
122
Newsprint paper
88
Wholesale price
118
Nonferrous metals
70, 74
Petroleum
78 St. Louis:
Lead and zinc movement
74
Rubber
82
River transportation
162.
Silver
187

217
I N D E X—Continued.
Page numbers refer to data in detailed tables (53-208) only. Items in the table on "Trend of Business Movements" (pp. 29-52) and in
the text are arranged in groups which should make reference easy without the necessity of an index. Note that only the page containing the index number tables is given here. Where the numerical data for these items are in a separate table, they will always
be found on the page opposite the index numbers.
Sales:
Pag*.
Department stores
144,145
Restaurants
148
Retail (mail order, chain stores,
etc.)
142,144,146
Wholesale, Federal Reserve districts
139,140,141
Salmon, canned, exports from Canada.. 206
Sanitary ware, orders, shipments, and
stocks
106
Sault Ste. Marie Canal traffic
162
Savings deposits
172
Schulte, A. (Inc.), sales
142
Sears, Roebuck & Co., sales
142
Shelter, prices of, index number
149
Sheep:
Receipts, shipments, and slaughter. 126
Wholesale price.
118
Ships:
Building
68
Traffic.
160
Silk, raw:
Consumption, imports, and stocks. 59
Wholesale p r i c e —
62
Silver, exports, imports, production,
and prices
187
Suitings, wool, wholesale price
62
South Africa, coal production
196
Southern States:
Bond issues
179
Construction
92
Spain, crop production
53
Spectacle frames and mountings, sales
and unfilled orders
91
Spindles, cotton
61
Steel:
Barrels and drums.
71
Furniture, shipments
68
Ingots, castings, and sheets
66
Prices, production, earnings, e t c . . . 66
Production, foreign countries
198
Stokers, sales
73
Structural, sales
68
Stockholders, corporations
182
Stocks, commodity, index numbers (see
also Individual commodities)
54
Stocks, corporation:
Issues
178,180
Prices and sales
176
Stokers, sales
73
Structural steel:
Fabricated, sales
Prices, beams
Suez Canal, traffic
Sugar:
Exports, stocks, receipts, etc
World production
68690°—23
15




68
66
162
134
208

Sulphuric acid:
Page.
Exports
110
Wholesale price
Ill
Sweden:
Beet sugar production
208
Employment
200
Foreign exchange rates
188
Price index
204
Sweet corn, unsold stocks, Iowa-Nebraska
121
Switzerland:
Foreign exchange rates
188
Price index
204
Taxes, internal revenue:
Automobiles and accessories
81
Theater admissions
148
Tea, imports
138
Telegraph and telephone, revenue and
earnings
168
Ten-cent stores, sales
142
Textiles:
Cotton
56
Dividends, Fall River mills
59
Knit underwear
58
Machinery activity
60. 61
Silk and miscellaneous
59
Wholesale prices
62
Wool
55
Theater admissions, internal-revenue
taxes
148
Tin, consumption, imports, prices, and
stocks
74
Tires, production, stocks, and shipments
82
Tobacco, production, exports, prices, etc. 136
Transportation, water
160
Trade:
Retail
-142,144,145,146
Wholesale
139,140,141
Tubular plumbing, sales
73
Turpentine, receipts and stocks . . . . . . . 102
Underwear, knit, production, orders,
shipments, etc
58
Unfilled orders, index numbers
54
United Cigar Stores Co., sales
142
United Kingdom:
Coal production
196
Employment
200
Fire losses
94
Foreign exchange rates
188
Imports, exports, and reexports
202
Iron and steel production
198
Price index
204
Zinc stocks
198
United States:
Crop production
53, 208
Factory employment
154
Postal savings
172

o

United States Government:
Page.
Debt, receipts and expenditures... 183
Postal receipts
146
United States Steel Corporation:
Earnings and unfilled orders
()6
Stockholders
182
Vegetable oils:
Exports and imports
Production,
consumption.
stocks
Vegetables, car-lot shipments
Vessels cleared and entered

115
and
116
121
160

Wages, labor
156
Waldorf System, restaurant sales
148
War Finance Corporation, loans
180
Ward, Montgomery, & Co., sales
142
Water transportation
160,162
Webbing, elastic, sales
59
Wheat:
Exports
124
Exports from Canada
206
Exports and visible supply, Argentina
114
Production (crop estimate)
120
Receipts, shipments, and visible
supply
122
Wholesale price
118
World production
53
Wheat flour:
Production,
consumption.
and
stocks
122
Wholesale price
118
Wholesale sales
139,140.141,142
Wisconsin, employment and earnings.. 154
Wood consumption and stocks, chemical plants
.•
Ill
Wood pulp imports
90
Wool:
Consumption, imports, receipts,.
and stocks
55
Machinery, active
60, 61
Price, wholesale
62
Woolens, exports, United Kingdom
202
Woolworth, F. W., Co.. sales
142
Workers, registered and placed
158
World production:
Cotton and wheat
53
Flaxseed, rice and sugar
208
Worsted yarn, wholesale price
62
Yields, bonds

176

Zinc:
Price, production, stocks, etc
Production in Belgium
Stocks in United Kingdom

74
198
198