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TWELFTH CENSUS OF THE UNITED STATES,
TAKEN IN THE YEAR I goo
WILLIAM R. MERRIAM, DIRECTOR

STATISTICAL ATLAS
PREPARED UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF HENRY GANNETT,
GEOGRAPHER OF THE TWELFTH CENSUS

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CO N TEN TS.
Page.

LETTER OF T R A N S M IT T A L ......................................................

....................................................................

..................... , ...................................

21

Age and s e x ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................
Center of population and its median point........................................................................................................................................................................
Conjugal condition.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Density of population...............................................................................................................................................................................................................
Distribution of population:
1790 .........................
1800 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
1 8 1 0 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
1820 ............................................................................
1830 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
1840 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
1850 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
1860 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
1870 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
1880 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
1890 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
1900 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Elements of population.............................................................................................................................................................................................................
F a m ilies................................................................
Foreign born, nativity o f .........................................................................................................................................................................................................
Geographical divisions.............................................................................................................................................................................................................
Growth of population . _ ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................
•
Illiteracy........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Inability to speak English.......................................................................................................................................................................................................
Median point, see Center of population and its median point.
M igration........................................................................................................................................................................ : ...........................................................
Negro population.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Occupations..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Population, by states and territories....................................................................................................................................................................................
Proprietorship of homes....................................................................................................................................
Sex...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Urban population.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................

45
37
51
39

POPULATION.

26
27
28
29
30
31
32
32
33
34
35
36
41
56
47
39
26
52
53
43
42
53
39
56
44
40

VITAL STATISTICS.
Accidents and injuries......................................................................................................................................................
Apoplexy and paralysis.........................................................................
Bones and joints, diseases o f ..................................................................................................................................................................................................
Bronchitis.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Cancer and tumor.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Cerebro-spinal fever...................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Circulatory system, diseases o f .........................................................................................................................................................
Consumption...............................................................................................
Croup, see Diphtheria and croup.
D iabetes........................
Diarrheal diseases.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Digestive system, diseases o f ..................................................................................................................................................................................................
Diphtheria and crou p ..............................................................................................................................................................................- ..............................
Dropsy, see Heart disease and dropsy.
Erysipelas.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Heart disease and dropsy.........................................................................................................................................................................................................
Influenza..............................................................
Injuries, see Accidents and injuries.
Joints, diseases of, see Bones and joints, diseases of.

(3)

66
65
66
66
63
64
65
62
65
65
66
63
64
66
63

4

CONTENTS.
Page.

66

Liver, diseases o f................................... ..
Malarial fever............................................
M easles........................................................
Nervous system, diseases o f ...................
Old age ........................................................
Paralysis, see Apoplexy and paralysis.
Pneumonia...............................................
Respiratory system, diseases o f............
Scarlet fever...............................................
Scrofula and tabes.....................................
Specified diseases...........s ..........................

64
64
65
65
65

66
64
65
62

66

Suicide..........................................................
Tabes, see Scrofula and tabes.
Tumor, see Cancer and tumor.
Typhoid fe v e r ............................................
Whooping cough........................................

63
64

AGRICULTURE.
A p p les............................................................................................................................................................................................................
Apricots...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
A r e a ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Asses, see Horses, mules, and asses.
Barley...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
B uckw heat.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Cattle, neat, see Neat cattle.
Centers of agricultural products..............................................................................................................................................................................................
Centers of agriculture..................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Cherries...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Colored farmers, farms of, see Farms of white and colored farmers.
C o rn .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
C otton.........................................................................................
Farms of white andcolored farmers.......................................................................................................................................................................................
Figs....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Forage, see Hay and forage.
Grapes...............................................................- ............................................................................................................................................................................
Hay and forage.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Horses, mules, and asses.............................................................................................................................................................................................................
Irrigation.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
L iv esto ck .................................................. •
.................................................................................... , .............................................................................................
Mules, see Horses, mules, and asses.
Neat cattle.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Nectarines, see Peaches and nectarines.
Oats....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
O nions............................................................................................................
Peaches and nectarines...............................................................................................................................................................................................................
P ea rs.........................................................................................................................................................................
Plums and prunes............................................................................................................................................................................. „.........................................
Potatoes................................................................................
Potatoes, sw eet.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Products..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Prunes, see Plums and prunes.
R y e ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Sheep................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Sw ine.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Tenure..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Tobacco..................................................................................................................................................................................
Values.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................
W heat...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
White farmers, farms of, see Farms of white and colored farmers.

78
78
70
76
76
74
69
78
74
77
72
78
78
76
74
78
73
73
75
77
78
78
78
76
77
74
76
73
73
72
77
71
75

MANUFACTURES.
Agricultural im plem ents..........................................................................................................................................................................................................
Boots and s h o e s ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Butter, see Cheese, butter, and condensed milk.
Capital invested...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Carriages and w agons............................
Cars (construction and repairs)..............................................................................................................................................................................................

90
89
83
90
90

CONTENTS.

5
I’age.

Center of manufactures...............................................................................................
Cheese, butter, and condensed m ilk........................................................................
Chemicals and allied products.................................................................................
Clay products................................................................................................................
Clothing, men’s and women’ s (factory product)................................................
Coke........................................- ........................................................................................
Condensed milk, see Cheese, butter, and condensed milk.
C otton...............................................................................................................................
Cotton g o o d s..................................................................................................................
Flouring and grist mill products.............................................................................
G la ss....................................................................... .........................................................
Gristmill products, see Flouring and grist mill products.
Hosiery and knit goods................................................................................................
Ice, manufactured........................................................................................................
Industries, selected......................................................................................................
Iron and s te e l........., .....................................................................................................
Knit goods, see Hosiery and knit goods.
L eather............................................................................................................................
Liquors, alcoholic..........................................................................................................
Lumber and timber products...................................................................................
Meat packing, see Slaughtering and meat packing.
Paper and wood p u lp ..................................................................................................
Petroleum refining........................................................................................................
Printing and publishing.............................................................................................
Products, value of..........................................................................................................
Publishing, see Printing and publishing.
Shoddy, see Woolen goods, worsted goods, wool hats, and shoddy.
Shoes, see Boots and shoes.
Silk and silk goods........................................................................................................
Slaughtering and meat packing...............................................................................
Steel, see Iron and steel.
T extiles............................................................................................................................
Timber products, see Lumber and timber products.
Wage-earners, average n u m b er...............................................................................
Wagons, see Carriages and wagons.
Wood pulp, see Paper and wood pulp.
W ool hats, see Woolen goods, worsted goods, wool hats, and shoddy.
Woolen goods, worsted goods, wool hats, and sh od d y ...................................
Worsted goods, see Woolen goods, worsted goods, wool hats, and shoddy.

K5
88

90
89
87
89
87
87

88
89
87
88
86

89
89

88
86
90
90
91
84

87

88

86
83

87

LIST OF IL L U S T R A T IO N S .
POPULATION.
Accessions of territory from the Treaty of Peace to the Gadsden purchase.......................................................................
Age and sex:
Aggregate population, by age and sex, by states and territories: 1 9 0 0 .......................................................................
Conjugal condition of the population, by age and sex, in proportions of the total number of each age group:
1900 and 1890...............................................................................................................................................................................
Foreign white population, by age and sex, by states and territories: 1900.................................................................
Native white population, by age and sex, by states and territories: 1900.................................................................
Negro population, by age and sex, by states and territories: 1900................................................................................
Age and sex in percentages of colored population: 1900, 1890, and 1880...........................................................................
Age and sex in percentages of each element of population: 1900, 1890, and 1880...........................................................
Age and sex in percentages of foreign white population: 1900, 1890, and 1880 ...............................................................
Age and sex in percentages of Indians: 1900 ...............................................................................................................................
Age and sex in percentages of native white of foreign parentage: 1900 and 1890 ...........................................................
Age and sex in percentages of native white of native parentage: 1900 and 1890.............................................................
Age and sex in percentages of native white population: 1900, 1890, and 1880.................................................................
Age and sex in percentages of negro population: 1900...............................................................................................................
Age and sex in percentages of total population: 1900, 1890, and 1880.................................................................................
Age and sex in percentages of white population: 1900, 1890, and 1880................................................................................
Agriculture— Proportion of persons engaged in agriculture to all wage-earners: 1900.....................................................
Aliens:
Percentage of aliens in foreign born males 21 years of age and over, in cities having 100,000 inhabitants or
more: 1900 ...................................................................................................................................................................................
Percentage of aliens in total foreign born population of each specified nativity: 1900..........................................
Proportion of aliens to foreign born males 21 years of age and over: 1900.................................................................
Proportion of aliens to total foreign born males of voting age, in each specified nativity: 1900 .......................
Asiatics— Geographical distribution of Asiatics, by states: 1900 and 1890.........................................................................
Austrian parentage— Distribution of wage-earners of Austrian parentage, by principal occupations: 1900.............
Bohemian parentage— Distribution of wage-earners of Bohemian parentage, by principal occupations: 1900___
British— Geographical distribution of British, by states: 1900 and 1890.............................................................................
British Americans— Geographical distribution of British Americans, by states: 1900 and 1890................................
British parentage— Distribution of wage-earners of British parentage, by principal occupations: 1900...................
Canada:
Density of natives of Canada: 1900..........................................................................................................................................
Proportion of natives of Canada to total population: 1900 ..............................................................................................
Canada and Newfoundland— Distribution of natives of Canada and Newfoundland, by states: 1900.......................
Canadian (English) parentage— Distribution of wage-earners of Canadian (English) parentage, by principal
occupations: 1900 ................. .............................................................................................................................................................
Canadian (French) parentage— Distribution of wage-earners of Canadian (French) parentage, by principal
occupations: 1900 ...............................................................................................................................................................................
Center of negro population and the median point: 1900, 1890, and 1880 ...........................................................................
Center of population: 1900...................................................................................................................................................................
Center of population, 1790 to 1900, and the median point, 1900, 1890, and 1880.............................................................
Chinese and Japanese— Conjugal condition of the Chinese and Japanese, by age and sex, in proportions of the
total number of each age group: 1900..........................................................................................................................................
Cities:
Constituents of population of cities of more than 100,000 inhabitants: 1900 .............................................................
Proportion of population in cities and towns of more than 2,000 inhabitants: 19 00..............................................
Rank of most populous cities at each census.........................................................................................................................
Total population of cities of more than 100,000 inhabitants: 1900.................................................................................
Total population of great cities at each census.....................................................................................................................

(6)

Map, Plate 1.
Plates 33 and 34.
Plates 77 and 78.
Plates 37 and 38.
Plates 35 and 36.
Plates 39 and 40.
Plate 30.
Plates 30 and 31 and
Diagram 1, Plate 32.
Plate 31.
Plate 31.
Diagram 1, Plate 32.
Plate 31.
Plate 31.
Diagram 1, Plate 32.
Plate 30.
Plate 30.
Cartogram 1, Plate 91.

Diagram 3, Plate 60.
Diagram 2, Plate 60.
Cartogram 4, Plate 76.
Diagram 2, Plate 74.
Diagram 4, Plate 71.
Diagram 1, Plate 96.
Diagram 6, Plate 96.
Diagram 2, Plate 71.
Diagram 3, Plate 71.
Diagram 6, Plate 95.
Map 1, Plate 68.
Map 2, Plate 68.
Diagram 1, Plate 73.
Diagram 2, Plate 95.
Diagram 4,
Map, Plate
Map, Plate
Map, Plate

Plate 95.
52.
15.
16.

Plate 78.
Plate 44.
Map, Plate 26.
Plate 22.
Diagram 3, Plate 24.
Plate 23.

L IS T O F IL L U S T R A T IO N S .
Color:
Males of voting age, by color and nativity, and by illiteracy, by states and territories: 1900...........................
Population 10 years of age and over, by color and general nativity, classified as wage-earners and nonwageearners: 1900 ..............................................................................................................................................................................
Colored population:
Age and sex in percentages of colored population: 1900, 1890, and 1880..................................................................
Increase and decrease of colored population: 1890 to 1900.............................................................................................
Colored population 10 years of age and over, by sex, classified as wage-earners and non wage-earners: 1900___
Conjugal condition— Proportion of divorced to married: 1900 .............................................................................................
Conjugal condition of aggregate population, by age and sex, in proportions of total number of each age
group: 1890........................................................ .................................................................................................................................
Conjugal condition of aggregate population, by age and sex, in proportions of total number of each age
group: 1900........................................................................................................................................................................„................
Conjugal condition of Chinese and Japanese, by age and sex, in proportions of total number of each age
group: 1900..........................................................................................................................................................................................
Conjugal condition of foreign white population: 1900..............................................................................................................
Conjugal condition of foreign white population, by age and sex, in proportions of total number of each age
group: 1900..........................................................................................................................................................................................
Conjugal condition of Indians, by age and sex, in proportions of total number of each age group: 1900...............
Conjugal condition of native white population of foreign parentage: 1900 .......................................................................
Conjugal condition of native white population of foreign parentage, by age and sex, in proportions of total num­
ber of each age group: 1900...........................................................................................................................................................
Conjugal condition of native white population of native parentage: 1900........................................................................
Conjugal condition of native white population of native parentage, by age and sex, in proportions of total num­
ber of each age group: 1900...........................................................................................................................................................
Conjugal condition of negro population: 1900............................................................................................................................
Conjugal condition of negro population, by age and sex, in proportions of total number of each age group: 1900.
Conjugal condition of population, by age and sex, in proportions of total number of each age group: 1900
and 1890 ......................... •...................................................................................................................................................................
Conjugal condition of total population: 1900 ..............................................................................................................................
Constituents of male population of militia age, by states and territories: 1900 ..............................................................
Constituents of male population of voting age, by states and territories: 1900................................................................
Constituents of population of cities of more than 100,000 inhabitants: 1900....................................................................
Constituents of population of states and territories: 1900.......................................................................................................
Danish parentage— Distribution of wage-earners of Danish parentage, by principal occupations: 1900...................
Denmark, see Norway, Sweden, an 1 Denmark.
Density of foreign born population: 1900 ....................................................................................................................................
Density of increase of population: 1890 to 1900..........................................................................................................................
Density of negro population: 1900...................................................................................................................................................
Density of population: 1900...............................................................................................................................................................
Density of population at each cen sus............................................................................................................................................
Density of population, by states and territories: 1900.............................................................................................................
Distribution— Geographical distribution of groups of nations, by states: 1900 and 1890 ..............................................
Distribution of natives of certain foreign countries, by states: 1900.....................................................................................
Distribution of persons born in each specified state and territory who are living in other states and territories:
1900.........................................................................................................................................................................................................
Distribution of population:
1790......................................................................................... ..........................................................................................................
1 8 0 0 . . . ............................................................................................................................................................................................
1810....................................................................................................................................................................................................
1820...................................................................................................................................................................................... ..............
1830....................................................................................................................................................................................................
1840............................................................................................................................................. .......................................................
1850....................................................................................................................................................................................................
1860....................................................................................................................................................................................................
1870....................................................................................................................................................................................................
1880....................................................................................................................................................................................................
1890....................................................................................................................................................................................................
1900....................................................................................................................................................................................................
Distribution of wage-earners of specified parentage, by principal occupations: 1900......................................................
Divorced— Proportion of divorced to married: 1900..................................................................................................................
Domestic and personal service— Proportion of persons engaged in domestic and personal service to all wage-

Plate 81.
1tiagram 2, Plate 89.
Plate 30.
Cartogram 6, Plate 72.
Diagram 3, Plate 89.
Cartogram 2, Plate 76.
Plate 77.
Plate 77.
Plate 78.
Diagram 2, Plate 32.
Plate 78.
Plate 78.
Diagram 2, Plate 32.
Plate 77.
Diagram 2, Plate 32.
Plate 77.
Diagram 2, Plate 32.
Plate 78.
Plates 77 and 78.
Diagram 2, Plate 32.
Plate 45.
Plate 46.
Plate 44.
Plate 43.
Diagram 3, Plate 95.
Map, Plate 61 and Carto­
gram 1, Plate 72.
Map, Plate 25 and Carto­
gram 5, Plate 27.
Map, Plate 55 and Carto­
gram 2, Plate 72.
Cartogram 1, Plate 27.
Diagram 2, Plate 17.
Diagram 2, Plate 24.
Plates 70 and 71.
Diagram 1, Plate 73.
Plate 49.
Map, Plate 2.
Map, Plate 3.
Map, Plate 4.
Map, Plate 5.
Map, Plate 6.
Map, Plate 7.
Map, Plate 8.
Map, Plate 9.
Map, Plate 10.
Map, Plate 11.
Map, Plate 12.
Map, Plate 13.
Plates 94, 95, and 96.
Cartogram 2, Plate 76.

earners: 1900 ...................................................................................................................................................................................... Cartogram 5, Plate 91.
Elements— Total population and its elements at each census................................................................................................. Plate 42.
Elements of population: 1900........................................................................................................................................................... Plate 41.

8

L IS T OF IL L U S T R A T IO N S .

Elements of population— Age and sex in percentages of each element of population: 1900, 1890, and 1880......... Plates 30 and 31 and Dia­
gram 1, Plate 32.
Elements of population 10 years of age and over, by sex, classified as wage-earners and non wage-earners: 1-900. Diagram 3, Plate 89.
Emigrants, native, see Native emigrants.
Family— Average number of persons to a family: 1850 to 1900.............................................................................................. Diagram 1, Plate 97.
Family, private:
Average number of persons to a private family, by states and territories: 1900 ....................................................
Average size of private families: 1900......................................................................................................................................
Females, see Males and females.
Foreign born males of voting age— Proportion of aliens to total foreign born males of voting age, in each speci­
fied nativity: 1900 .............................................................................................................................................................................
Foreign born males 21 years of age and over— Percentage of aliens in the foreign born males 21 years of age
and over, in cities having 100,000 inhabitants or more: 1900..............................................................................................
Foreign born males 21 years of age and over— Proportion of aliens to foreign born males 21 years of age and over:

Diagram 2, Plate 97.
Map, Plate 98.

Diagram 2, Plate 74.
Diagram 3, Plate 60.

1900.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... Cartogram 4, Plate 76.
Foreign born population:
Composition of the population of states and territories, including resident natives, native immigrants, and
foreign born, with per cent of native emigrants, by states and territories: 1900 ................................................ Plate 47.
Density of foreign born population: 1900 ............................................................................................................................. Map, Plate 61 and Carto­
gram 1, Plate 72.
Increase and decrease of foreign born population: 1890 to 1900 .................................................................................... Cartogram 5, Plate 72.
Numerical gain or loss in foreign bom population: 1900 ................................................................................................ Cartogram 6, Plate 27.
Percentage of aliens in total foreign born population of each specified nativity: 1900.......................................... Diagram 2, Plate 60.
Proportion of foreign born population of each leading nationality, by states and territories: 1900 ................. Plate 63.
Proportion of foreign born population of each leading nationality, in cities of 100,000 and over: 1900 ......... Plate 64.
Proportion of foreign born population to total population: 1900.................................................................................. Map, Plate 62 and Carto­
gram 3, Plate 72.
Proportion which each leading nationality bears to total foreign born population at each census: 1850 to
1900....................................................................... ....................................................................................................................... Diagram 2, Plate 58.
Total foreign born population at each census with the number of each leading nationality: 1850 to 1900_
_ Diagram 1, Plate 58.
Foreign born population at each census, with the proportion of each leading nationality: 1850 to 1900 ............... Plate 57.
Foreign born population, by states and territories: 1900........................................................................................................... Diagram 1, Plate 60.
Foreign born population of each leading nationality at each census: 1850 to 1900 ......................................................... Plate 59.
Foreign born white population— W hite population of foreign parentage, including foreign born white popula­
tion, by states and territories: 1900.............................................................................................................................................. Diagram 1, Plate 74.
Foreign born white population 10 years of age and over— Proportion of foreign born white population 10 years
of age and over, who can not speak English: 1900................................................................................................................. Cartogram 6, Plate 76.
Foreign parentage:
Distribution of wage-earners of foreign parentage, by principal occupations: 1900................................................ Diagram 3, Plate 94.
Proportion of white population of foreign parentage 10 years of age and over, who can not speak English,
by states and territories: 1900................................................................................................................................................ Plate 86.
Proportion of white population of foreign parentage to total population: 1900......................................................... Cartogram 4, Plate 27
and Map, Plate 75.
White population of foreign parentage, including foreign born white population, by states and territories:
1900..................................................................................................................................... ........................................................... Diagram 1, Plate 74.
Foreign white population:
Age and sex in percentages of foreign white population: 1900,1890, and 1880......................................................... Plate 31.
Conjugal condition of foreign white population: 1900............................................ ....................................................... Diagram 2, Plate 32.
Conjugal condition of foreign white population, by age and sex, in proportions of the total number of each
age group: 1900........................................................................................................................................................................... Plate 78.
Foreign white population, by age and sex, by states and territories: 1900 ....................................................................... Plates 37 and 38.
Foreign white population 10 years of age and over— Proportion of illiterates among foreign white population
10 years of age and over, by states and territories: 1900 and 1890.................................................................................... Plate 84.
Foreign white population 10 years of age and over, by sex, classified as wage-earners and non wage-earners:
1900.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... Diagram 3, Plate 89.
French parentage—Distribution of wage-earners of French parentage, by principal occupations: 1900................. Diagram 6, Plate 94.
German parentage*—Distribution of wage-earners of German parentage, by principal occupations: 1900............... Diagram 4, Plate 94.
Germany:
Density of natives of Germany: 1900....................................................................................................................................... Map 1, Plate 65.
Distribution of natives of Germany, by states: 1900.......................................................................................................... Diagram 1, Plate 73.
Proportion of natives of Germany to total population: 1900 .......................................................................................... Map 2, Plate 65.
Great Britain:
Density of natives of Great Britain: 1900............................................................................................................................... Map 1, Plate 67.
Distribution of natives of Great Britain, by states: 1900.................................................................................................. Diagram 1, Plate 73.
Proportion of natives of Great Britain to total population: 1900.................................................................................... Map 2, Plate 67.
Greco-Latins— Geographical distribution of Greco-Latins, by states: 1900 and 1890 .................................................... Diagram 2, Plate 70.
Homes— Proportion of homes owned free, owned encumbered, and hired, by states and territories: 1900......... Plate 99.
Homes, farm— Proportion of farm homes owned free, owned encumbered, and hired, by states and territories:
1900............................................................................................................................. ......................................................................... Plate 100.

L IS T O F IL L U S T R A T IO N S .
Hungarian parentage— Distribution of wage-earners of Hungarian parentage, by principal occupations: 1 9 0 0 ...
Illiteracy— Males of voting age by color and nativity, and by illiteracy, by states and territories: 1900...............
Illiterates:
Proportion of illiterates among foreign white population 10 years of age and over, by states and territories:
1900 and 1890.............................................................................................................................................................................
Proportion of illiterates among native white population 10 years of age and over, by states and territories:
1900 and 1890..................................................................................................... .......................................................................
Proportion of illiterates among native white voters: 1900 .............................................................................................
Proportion of illiterates among negro population 10 years of age and over, by states and territories: 1900
and 1890........................................................................................................................................................................................
Proportion of illiterates among negro voters: 1900............................................................................................................
Proportion of illiterates among total population 10 years of age and over, by states and territories: 1900
and 1890................................................................................................................................ .......................................................
Immigrants, native, see Native immigrants.
Inability to speak English:
Proportion of foreign born white population 10 years of age and over, who can not speak English: 1900 . . .
Proportion of white population of foreign parentage 10 years of age and over, who can not speak English,
by states and territories: 1900.................................................................................................................................. ............
Increase:
Density of increase of population: 1890 to 1900.................................................................................................................
Proportion of increase of total population: 1890 to 1900.................................................................................................

*

Increase and decrease of colored population: 1890 to 1900.....................................................................................................
Increase and decrease of foreign born population: 1890 to 1900 ...........................................................................................
Increase of population in the United States and the principal countries of Europe: 1800 to 1900.............................
Indians:
Age and sex in percentages of Indians: 1900 ......................................................................................................................
Conjugal condition of Indians, by age and sex, in proportions of the total number of each age group: 1900.
Ireland:
Density of natives of Ireland: 1900........................................................................................................................................
Distribution of natives of Ireland, by states: 1900 ...........................................................................................................
Proportion of natives of Ireland to total population: 1900.............................................................................................
Irish— Geographical distribution of Irish, by states: 1900 and 1890 ...................................................................................
Irish parentage— Distribution of wage-earners of Irish parentage, by principal occupations: 1900 .........................
Italian parentage— Distribution of wage-earners of Italian parentage, by principal occupations: 1900 ...................
Italy— Distribution of natives of Italy, by states: 1900 ............................................................................................................
Japanese, see Chinese and Japanese.
Males and females— Proportion of males and females in each class of occupations and in certain occupation
groups: 1900........................................................................................................................................................................................
Males of militia age— Constituents of male population of militia age, by states and territories: 1900.......................
Males of voting age:
Constituents of male population of voting age, by states and territories: 1900........................................................
Proportion of aliens to total foreign born males of voting age, in each specified nativity: 1900 .......... ............
Males of voting age, by color and nativity, and by illiteracy, by states and territories: 1900...................................
Males 21 years of age and over:
Percentage of aliens in foreign born males 21 years of age and over, in cities having 100,000 inhabitants or
more: 1900..................................................................................................................................................................................
Proportion of aliens to foreign born males 21 years of age and over: 1900.................................................................
Manufacturing and mechanical pursuits— Proportion of persons engaged in manufacturing and mechanical pur­
suits to all wage-earners: 1900 ........................................................ * .........................................................................................
Mechanical pursuits, see Manufacturing and mechanical pursuits.
Median point:
Center of negro population and the median point: 1900, 1890, and 1880 ..................................................................
Center of population, 1790 to 1900, and the median point, 1900, 1890, and 1880....................................................
Migration:
Gain or loss as the result of all migration: 1900..................................................................................................................
Net results of migration, by states and territories: 1900.................................................................................................
Migration, interstate:
Gain or loss as the.result of interstate migration: 1900...................................................................................................
Interstate migration, by states and territories: 1900 .......................................................................................................
Militia age— Constituents of male population of militia age, by states and territories: 1900 .....................................
Mining and quarrying— Proportion of persons engaged in mining and quarrying to all wage-earners: 1900.........
Nationality:
Foreign born population at each census, with the proportion of each leading nationality: 1850 to 1900----Foreign born population of each leading nationality at each census: 1850 to 1900................................................
Proportion of foreign born population of each leading nationality, by states and territories: 1900.................
Proportion of foreign born population of each leading nationality, in cities of 100,000 and over: 1900 .........
Proportion which each leading nationality bears to the total foreign born at each census: 1850 to 1900----Total foreign born population at each census with the number of each leading nationality: 1850 to 1900 —

9
Diagram 2, Plate 90.
Plate 81.

Plate 84.
Plate 83.
Map, Plate 79.
Plate 85.
Map, Plate 80.
Plate 82.

Cartogram 6, Plate 76.
Plate 86.
Map, Plate 25 and Carto­
gram 5, Plate 27.
Map, Plate 28 and Carto­
gram 3, Plate 27.
Cartogram 6, Plate 72.
Cartogram 5, Plate 72.
Plate 14.
Plate 31.
Plate 78.
Map 1, Plate 66.
Diagram 1, Plate 73.
Map 2, Plate 66.
Diagram 3, Plate 70.
Diagram 2, Plate 94.
Diagram 5, Plate 96.
Diagram 1, Plate 73.

Plate 90.
Plate 45.
Plate 46.
Diagram 2, Plate 74.
Plate 81.

Diagram 3, Plate 60.
Cartogram 4, Plate 76.
Cartogram 2, Plate 91.

Map, Plate 52.
Map, Plate 16.
Cartogram 3, Plate 76.
Plate 50.
Cartogram 5, Plate 76.
Plates 50 and 51.
Plate 45.
Cartogram 3, Plate 91.
Plate 57.
Plate 59.
Plate 63.
Plate 64.
Diagram 2, Plate 58.
Diagram 1, Plate 58.

10

L IS T OF IL L U S T R A T IO N S .

Nations— Geographical distribution of groups of nations, by states: 1900 and 1890 .......................................... v..........
Native emigrants— Composition of the population of states and territories, including resident natives, native
immigrants, and foreign born, with per cent of native emigrants, by states and territories: 1900.......................
Native immigrants— Composition of the population of states and territories, including resident natives, native
immigrants, and foreign born, with per cent of native emigrants, by states and territories: 1900 .......................
Native parentage— Distribution of wage-earners of native parentage, by principal occupations: 1900...................
Native population— State of birth of native population, by states and territories: 1900................................................
Native white of foreign parentage:
Age and sex in percentages of native white of foreign parentage: 1900 and 1890............................................
Conjugal condition of native white of foreign parentage: 1900......................................................................................
.Conjugal condition of native white of foreign parentage, by age and sex, in proportions of total number of
each age group: 1900 ................................................................................................................................................................
Native white of foreign parentage 10 years of age and over, by sex, classified as wage-earners and nonwageearners: 1900.........................................................................................................................................................................................
Native white of native parentage:
Age and sex in percentages of native white of native parentage: 1900 and 1890.....................................................
Conjugal condition of native white of native parentage: 1900........................................................................................
Conjugal condition of native white of native parentage, by age and sex, in proportions of total number of
each age group: 1900.................................................................................................................................................................
Percentage of native white of native parentage and of negro population under 1 year of age, by states and
territories: 1900...........................................................................................................................................................................
Native white of native parentage 10 years of age and over, by sex, classified as wage-earners and nonwageearners: 1900 ........................................................................................................................................................................................
Native white population— Age and sex in percentages of native white population: 1900, 1890, and 1880...............
Native white population, by age and sex, by states and territories: 1900 .........................................................................
Native white population 10 years of age and over— Proportion of illiterates among native white population 10
years of age and over, by states and territories: 1900 and 1890..........................................................................................
Native white voters— Proportion of illiterates among native white voters: 1900.............................................................
Natives, resident— Composition of the population of states and territories, including resident natives, native
immigrants, and foreign born, with per cent of native emigrants, by states and territories: 1900.......................
Natives of foreign countries— Distribution of natives of certain foreign countries, by states: 1900...........................
Nativity:
Classification of occupations, by race and nativity: 1900 ................................................................................................
Males of voting age, by color and nativity, and by illiteracy, by states and territories: 1900...........................
Percentage of aliens in total foreign born population of each specified nativity: 1900..........................................
Percentage of each nativity in cities of 25,000 inhabitants or more: 1900.................................................................
Population 10 years of age and over, by color and general nativity, classified as w'age-earners and non wageearners: 1900 ...............................................................................................................................................................................
Proportion of aliens to total foreign born males of voting age, in each specified nativity: 1900 .......................
Proportions, by nativity and race, of persons engaged in principal occupations: 1900..........................................
Negro parentage— Distribution of wage-earners of negro parentage, by principal occupations: 1900.......................
Negro population:
Age and sex in percentages of negro population: 1900 ....................................................................................................
Center of negro population and the median point: 1900, 1890, and 1880...................................................................
Conjugal condition of negro population: 1900 .....................................................................................................................
Conjugal condition of negro population, by age and sex, in proportions of the total number of each age
group: 1900...................................................................................................................................................................................
Density of negro population: 1900............................................................................................................................................

Plates 70 and 71.
Plate 47.
Plate 47.
Diagram 1, Plate 94.
Plate 48.
Diagram 1, Plate 32.
Diagram 2, Plate 32.
Plate 77.
Diagram 3, Plate 89.
Plate 31.
Diagram 2, Plate 32.
Plate 77.
Diagram 2, Plate 53.
Diagram 3, Plate 89.
Plate 31.
Plates 35 and 36.
Plate 83.
Map, Plate 79.
Plate 47.
Diagram 1, Plate 73.
Plate 87.
Plate 81.
Diagram 2, Plate 60.
Diagram 2, Plate 73.
Diagram 2, Plate 89.
Diagram 2, Plate 74.
Plate 88.
Diagram 5, Plate 94.
Diagram 1, Plate 32.
Map, Plate 52.
Diagram 2, Plate 32.
Plate 78.
Map, Plate 55 and Carto
gram 2, Plate 72.

Percentage of native white of native parentage and of negro population under 1 year of age, by states and
territories: 1900........................................................................................................................................................................... Diagram 2, Plate 53.
Percentage of white and negro population in certain states at each census................................. ............................ Plate 54.
Proportion of negro population to total population: 1900................................................................................................ Map, Plate 56 and Carto
gram 4, Plate 72.
Negro population, by age and sex, by states and territories: 1900........................................................................................ Plates 39 and 40.
Negro population, by states and territories: 1900....................................................................................................................... Diagram 1, Plate 53.
Negro population 10 years of age and over— Proportion of illiterates among negro population 10 years of age
and over, by states and territories: 1900 and 1890................................................................................................................... Plate 85.
Negro voters— Proportion of illiterates among negro voters: 1900 ........................................................................................ Map, Plate 80.
Newfoundland, see Canada and Newfoundland.
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark— Distribution of natives of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark, by states: 1900 . . Diagram 1, Plate 73.
Norwegian parentage— Distribution of wage-earners of Norwegian parentage, by principal occupations: 1900 . . Diagram 1, Plate 95.
Occupations:
Classification of occupations, by race and nativity: 1900.................................................................................................. Plate 87.
Distribution of wage-earners of specified parentage, by principal occupations: 1900 ............................................ Plates 94, 95, and 96.
Proportion of males and females in each class of occupations and in certain occupation groups: 1900 ........... Plate 90.
Proportions, by nativity and race, of persons engaged in principal occupations: 1900...........i ............................. Plate 88.
Proportions of persons engaged in certain groups of occupations to all wage-earners: 1900 ............................... Plate 91.
Proportions of persons engaged in each class of occupations, by states and territories: 1890............................. Plate 93.
Proportions of persons engaged in each class of occupations, by states and territories: 1900............................. Plate 92.

L IS T OF IL L U S T R A T IO N S .
Occupations, agriculture, see Agriculture.
Occupations, domestic and personal service, see Domestic and personal service.
Occupations, manufacturing and mechanical pursuits, see Manufacturing and mechanical pursuits.
Occupations, mechanical pursuits, see Manufacturing and mechanical pursuits.
Occupations, mining and quarrying, see Mining and quarrying.
Occupations, personal service, see Domestic and personal service.
Occupations, professional service, see Professional service.
Occupations, quarrying, see Mining and quarrying.
Occupations, trade and transportation, see Trade and transportation.
Occupations, transportation, see Trade and transportation.
Parentage— Distribution of wage-earners of specified parentage, by principal occupations: 1900...........................
Personal service, see Domestic and personal service.
Poland— Distribution of natives of Poland, by states: 1900........................................................................................... ........
Polish parentage— Distribution of wage-earners of Polish parentage, by principal occupations: 1900...................
Population:
Age and sex in percentages of total population: 1900, 1890, and 1880........................................................................
Center of population: 1900 .......................................................................................................................................................
Center of population, 1790 to 1900, and the median point, 1900, 1890, and 1880...................................................
Composition of the population of states and territories, including resident natives, native immigrants, and
foreign born, with per cent of native emigrants, by states and territories: 1900................................................
Conjugal condition of total population: 1900......................................................................................................................
Density of increase of population: 1890 to 1900 ..............................................................................................................

11

Plates 94, 95, and 96.
Diagram 1, Plate 73.
Diagram 3, Plate 96.
Plate 30.
Map, Plate 15.
Map, Plate 16.

Plate 47.
Diagram 2, Plate 32.
Map, Plate 25 and Cartogram 5, Plate 27.
Density of population: 1900 ..................................................................................................................................................... Cartogram 1, Plate 27.
Density of population at each census.................................................................................................................................... Diagram 2, Plate 17.
Density of population, by states and territories: 1900 ................................................................................................... Diagram 2, Plate 24.
Distribution o^op u lation —1790............................................................................................................................................................................................ Map, Plate 2.
1800............................................................................................................................................................................ ................ Map, Plate 3.
1810............................................................................................................................................................................................ Map, Plate 4.
1820............................................................................... ............................................................................................................. Map, Plate 5.
1830....................... ..................................................................................................................................................................... Map, Plate 6.
1840............................................................................................................................................................................................ Map, Plate 7.
1850............................................................................................................................................................................................ Map, Plate 8.
1860............................................................................................................................................................................................ Map, Plate 9.
1870............................................................................................................................................................................................ Map, Plate 10.
1880............................................................................................................................................................................................ Map, Plate 11.
1890............................................................................................................................................................................................ Map, Plate 12.
1900............................................................................................................................................................................................ Map, Plate 13.
Elements of population: 1900 ................................................................................................................................................... Plate 41.
Increase of population in the United States and the principal countries of Europe: 1800 to 1900 ................... Plate 14.
Proportion of increase of total population: 1890 to 1900........................................................................................... . . . Cartogram3, Plate2 7 and
Map, Plate 28.
Rank of states and territories in population at each census........................................................................................... Plate 21.
Total and urban population at each census.......................................................................................................................... Diagram 1, Plate 17.
Total and urban population, by states and territories: 1900........................................................................................... Diagram 1, Plate 24.
Total population and its elements at each census............................................................................................................ Plate 42.
Total population ofcities of more than 100,000 inhabitants: 1900 ............................................................................... Diagram 3,Plate 24.
Total population of each state and territory at each census........................................................................................... Plates 18and 19.
Total population of great cities at each census............................................................................................................... Plate 23.
Population, aggregate:
Aggregate population, by age and sex, by states and territories: 1900...................................................................... Plates 33 and 34.
Conjugal condition of aggregate population, by age and sex, in proportions of the total number of each age
group: 1890.................................................................................................................................................................................. Plate 77.
Conjugal condition of aggregate population, by age and sex, in proportions of the total number of each age
group: 1900...................................................................................................................................... .......................................... Plate 77.
Population 10 years of age and over:
Elements of the'population 10 years of age and over, by sex, classified as wage-earners and nonwageearners: 1900 ............................................................................................................................................................................. Diagram 3, Plate 89.
Proportion of illiterates among the total population 10 years of age and over, by states and territories:
1900 and 1890........................... .................................................................................................................................................. Plate 82.
Population 10 years of age and over, by color and general nativity, classified as wage-earners and nonwageearners: 1900...................................................................................................................................................................................... Diagram 2, Plate 89.
Population 10 years of age and over, by sex, classified as wage-earners and non wage-earners: 1900....................... Diagram 1, Plate 89.
Predominating sex: 1900 ................................................................................................................................................................... Map, Plate 29 and Carto­
gram 1, Plate 76.
Professional service— Proportion of persons engaged in professional service to all wage-earners: 1900................... Cartogram 6, Plate 91.
Quarrving, see Mining and quarrying.

2

-

12

L IS T OF IL L U S T R A T IO N S .

Race:
Classification of occupations, by race and nativity: 1900..................................................................................................
Proportions, by nativity and race, of persons engaged in principal occupations: 1900..........................................
Russia— Distribution of natives of Russia, by states: 1900 ......................................................................................................
Russian parentage— Distribution of wage-earners of Russian parentage, by principal occupations: 1900.................
Scandinavians:
Density of Scandinavians: 1900..................................................................................................................................................
Geographical distribution of Scandinavians, by states: 1900 and 1890 .......................................... ....................... ..
Proportion of Scandinavians to total population: 1900......................................................................................................
Sex:
Elements of the population 10 years of age and over, by sex, classified as wage-earners and nonwageearners: 1900 ...............................................................................................................................................................................
Population 10 years of age and over, by sex, classified as wage-earners and nonwage-earners: 1900...............
Predominating sex: 1900 ............................................................................................................................................................
Sex and age, see Age and sex.
Slavs— Geographical distribution of Slavs, by states: 1900 and 1890....................................................................................
State of birth of native population, by states and territories: 1900.....................................................................................
States and territories:
Composition of the population of states and territories, including resident natives, native immigrants, and
foreign born, with per cent of native emigrants: 1900..................................................................................................
Constituents of population of states and territories: 1900..................................................................... ...........................
Distribution of persons born in each specified state and territory who are living in other states and terri­
tories: 1900...................................................................................................................................................................................
Rank of states and territories in population at each census............................................................................................
Total population of each state and territory at each census............................................................................................
Sweden, see Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Swedish parentage— Distribution of wage-earners of Swedish parentage, by principal occupations: 1900.............
Teutons— Geographical distribution of Teutons, by states: 1900 and 1890 .......................................................................
Trade and transportation— Proportion of persons engaged in trade and transportation to all wage-earners: 1900.
Transportation, see Trade and transportation.
Urban population:
Proportion of urban to total population: 1900.....................................................................................................................
Proportion of urban to total population at each census....................................................................................................
Proportion of urban to total population, by states and territories, at each census..................................................
Total and urban population at each census...........................................................................................................................
Total and urban population, by states and territories: 1900 ..........................................................................................
Voters:
Proportion of illiterates among native white voters: 1900 ..............................................................................................
Proportion of illiterates among negro voters: 1900.............................................................................................................
Voting age:
Constituents of male population of voting age, by states and territories: 1900.........................................................
Males of voting age, by color and nativity, and by illiteracy, by states and territories: 1900............................
Proportion of aliens to total foreign born males of voting age, in each specified nativity: 1900 .......................
Wage-earners:
Distribution of wage-earners of specified parentage, by principal occupations: 1900 ............................................
Elements of the population 10 years of age and over, by sex, classified as wage-earners and nonwage-earn­
ers: 1900 .......................................................................................................................................................................................
Population 10 years of age and over, by color and general nativity, classified as wage-earners and nonwageearners: 1900...............................................................................................................................................................................
Population 10 years of age and over, by sex, classified as wage-earners and non wage-earners: 1900 .............
Proportions of persons engaged in certain groups of occupations to all wage-earners: 1900...............................
Proportions of persons engaged in each class of occupations, by states and territories: 1890 ...........................
Proportions of persons engaged in each class of occupations, by states and territories: 1900 ...........................
White population:

Plate 87.
Plate 88.
Diagram 1, Plate 73.
Diagram 4, Plate 96.
Map 1, Plate 69.
Diagram 1, Plate 71.
Map 2, Plate 69.

Diagram 3, Plate 89.
Diagram 1, Plate 89.
Map, Plate 29 and Cartogram 1, Plate 76.
Diagram 4, Plate 70.
Plate 48.

Plate 47.
Plate 43.
Plate 49.
Plate 21.
Plates 18 and 19.
Diagram 5, Plate 95.
Diagram 1, Plate 70.
Cartogram 4, Plate 91.

Cartogram
Diagram 3,
Plate 20.
Diagram 1,
Diagram 1,

2, Plate 27.
Plate 17.
Plate 17.
Plate 24.

Map, Plate 79.
Map, Plate 80.
Plate 46.
Plate 81.
Diagram 2, Plate 74.
Plates 94, 95, and 96.
Diagram 3, Plate 89.
Diagram 2, Plate 89.
Diagram 1, Plate 89.
Plate 91.
Plate 93.
Plate 92.

Age and sex in percentages of white population: 1900, 1890, and 1880 ..................................................................... Plate 30.
Percentage of white and negro population in certain states at each census............................................................... Plate 54.
White population of foreign parentage— Proportion of white population of foreign parentage to total popula­
tion: 1900............................................................................................................................................................................................. Cartogram 4, Plate 27 and
Map, Plate 75.
White population of foreign parentage, including foreign born white population, by states and territories: 1900. Diagram 1, Plate 74.
White population of foreign parentage 10 years of age and over— Proportion of white population of foreign
parentage 10 years of age and over, who can not speak English, by states and territories: 1900....................... Plate 86.

VITAL STATISTICS.
Accidents and injuries (excluding suicides)— Death rates from accidents and injuries in each month for cities
and rural districts of the registration states: 1900................................................................................................................... Diagram 1, Plate 125.
Apoplexy and paralysis— Comparative proportion of deaths from apoplexy and paralysis at each age in the
registration area: 1900 and 1890.................................................................................................................................................... Diagram 2, Plate 122.

L IS T O F IL L U S T R A T IO N S .
Birthplace of mothers:
Comparative death rates per 1,000 of population under 15 and from 15 to 45 years of age-in cities in the
registration states, by birthplace of mothers: 1900.......................................................................................................
Comparative death rates per 1,000 of -population under 15 and from 15 to 45 years of age in rural districts
of the registration states, by birthplace of mothers: 1900...........................................................................................
Bones and joints, diseases of— Comparative proportion of deaths from diseases of the bones and joints at each
age in the registration area: 1900 and 1890 ..............................................................................................................................

13

I)iagr
Diagram 4, Plate 111.
Diagram 2, Plate 111.

Diaj>
Diagram 2, Plate 124.
Bronchitis—Comparative proportion of deaths from bronchitis at each age in the registration area: 1900 and 1890 Diagram 2, Plate 123.
128.
Cancer— Comparative proportion of deaths from cancer at each age in the registration area: 1900 and 1890......... Plate 121.
Cancer and tumor— Death rates from cancer and tumor per 100,000 of population in the registration states: 1900 Maps, Plates 103 and 104.
Cerebro-spinal fever:
Comparative proportion of deaths from cerebro-spinal fever at each age in the registration area: 1900 and
1890.................................................................................................. ........................................................................................... Diagram 2, Plate 118.
Death rates from cerebro-spinal fever in each month for cities and rural districts of the registration states:
1900................................................................................................................................................................................................
Circulatory system, diseases of— Death rates from diseases of the circulatory system in each month for cities
and rural districts of the registration states: 1900..................................................................................................................
Color— Death rates per 1,000 of population in the registration states, by sex, color, and general nativity: 1900..
Colored population:
Death rates of the white and the colored per 1,000 of population in certain cities: 1900.....................................
Proportion of deaths from certain causes per 1,000 deaths from all causes among the white and the colored
in the United States: 1900 .....................................................................................................................................................
Consumption:
Comparative proportion of deaths from consumption at each age in the registration area: 1900 and 1 8 9 0 ...
Death rates from consumption in each month for cities and rural districts of the registration states: 1900..
Death rates from consumption per 100,000 of population in the registration states: 1900..................................
Croup, see Diphtheria and croup.
Death rates per 1,000 of population in the registration states: 1900.....................................................................................
Deaths:
Percentages of deaths from certain causes in the registration area: 1900 and 1890.......... .......................................
Percentages of deaths from certain causes in the United States: 1900 and 1890......................................................
Proportion of deaths in each month and the relative proportions at all ages and at specified age groups in
the United States: 1900...........................................................................................................................................................
Diabetes— Comparative proportion of deaths from diabetes at each age in the registration area: 1900 and 1890..
Diarrheal diseases:
Comparative proportion of deaths from diarrheal diseases (excluding cholera infantum) at each age in the
registration area: 1900 and 1890...........................................................................................................................................
Death rates from diarrheal diseases in each month for cities and rural districts of the registration states:
1900 ..............................................................................................................................................................................................
Digestive system, diseases of— Death rates from diseases of the digestive system in each month for cities and
rural districts of the registration states: 1900............................. *..........................................................................................
Diphtheria— Death rates from diphtheria in each month for cities and rural districts of the registration states:
1900 .......................................................................................................................................................................................................
Diphtheria and croup:
Comparative proportion of deaths from diphtheria and croup at specified ages in the registration area: 1900
and 1890 ......................................................................................................................................................................................
Death rates from diphtheria and croup per 100,000 of population in the registration states: 1900...................
Diseases— Death rates from certain diseases per 100,000 of population in the registration states: 1900...................
Diseases, general— Death rates from general diseases in each month for cities and rural districts of the registra­
tion states: 1900 ...............................................................................................................................................................................
Dropsy, see Heart disease and dropsy.
Erysipelas— Comparative proportion of deaths from erysipelas at each age in the registration area: 1900 and 1890.
Heait disease and dropsy— Comparative proportion of deaths from heart disease and dropsy at each age in the
registration area: 1900 and 1890...................................................................................................................................................
Influenza:
Death rates from influenza in each month for cities and rural districts of the registration states: 1900 .........
Death rates from influenza per 100,000 of population in the registration states: 1900 .........................................
Injuries, see Accidents and injuries.
Joints, diseases of, see Bones and joints, diseases of.
Liver, diseases of— Comparative proportion of deaths from diseases of the liver at each age in the registration
area: 1900 and 1890.........................................................................................................................................................................
Malarial fever:
Comparative proportion of deaths from malarial fever at each age in the registration area: 1900 and 1890..
Death rates from malarial fever in each month for cities and rural districts of the registration states: 1900.
Measles— Death rates from measles in each month for cities and rural districts of the registration states: 1900..
Nativity— Death rates per 1,000 of population in the registration states, by sex., color, and general nativity: 1900.
Nervous system, diseases of— Death rates from diseases of the nervous system in each month for cities and rural
districts of the registration states: 1900....................................................................................................................................
Old age— Death rates from old age in each month for cities and rural districts of the registration states: 19 00..
Paralysis, see Apoplexy and paralysis.

Diagram 1, Plate 118.
Diagram 1, Plate 122.
Diagram 3, Plate 111.
Diagram 7, Plate 111.
Diagram 5, Plate 111.
Diagram 2, Plate 120.
Diagram 1, Plate 120.
Maps, Plates 101 and 102.
Diagram 1, Plate 111.
Diagram 2, Plate 112.
Diagram 1, Plate 112.
Plate 113.
Plate 121.

Diagram 2, Plate 119.
Diagram 1, Plate 119.
Diagram 1, Plate 124.
Diagram 1, Plate 115.

Diagram 2, Plate 115.
Maps, Plates 105 and 106.
Diagram 6, Plate 111.
Diagram 1, Plate 114.
Diagram 2, Plate 118.
Diagram 2, Plate 123.
Diagram 1, Plate 11/.
Maps, Plates 10/ and 108.

Diagram 2, Plate 124.
Diagram
Diagram
Diagram
Diagram

2,
1,
2,
3,

Plate
Plate
Plate
Plate

116.
116.
114.
111.

Diagram 1, Plate 122.
Diagram 1, Plate 119.

14

j

I

L IS T OF IL L U S T R A T IO N S .

Pneumonia—Comparative proportion of deaths from pneumonia at each age in the registration area: 1900 and
1890............................................................................................................... .........................................................................
Respiratory system, diseases of—Death rates from diseases of the respiratory system in each month for cities
and rural districts of the registration states: 1900......................................................................... - ..............................
Scarlet fever—Death rates from scarlet fever in each month for cities and rural districts of the registration
states: 1900........................................................................................................................................ ....................................
Scrofula and tabes—Comparative proportion of deaths from scrofula and tabes at each age in the registration
area: 1900 and 1890 ..............................................................................................................................................................
Sex—Death rates per 1,000 of population in the registration states, by sex, color, and general nativity: 1900.;
Suicide:
Comparative proportion of deaths from suicide at specified ages in the registration area: 1900 and 1890 —
Death rates from suicide in each month for cities and rural districts of the registration states: 1900............
Tabes, see Scrofula and tabes.
Tumor, see Cancer and tumor.
Typhoid fever:
Comparative proportion of deaths from typhoid fever at each age in the registration area: 1900 and 1890..
Death rates from typhoid fever in each month for cities and rural districts of the registration states: 1900.
Death rates from typhoid fever per 100,000 of population in the registration states: 1900...............................
W hite population:
Death rates of the white and the colored per 1,000 of population in certain cities: 1900...................................
Proportion of deaths from certain causes per 1,000 deaths from all causes among the white and the colored
in the United States: 1900..........................................................................................................................................
W hooping cough—Death rates from whooping cough in each month for cities and rural districts of the regis­
tration states: 1900................................................................................................................................................................

Diagram 2, Plate 120.
Diagram 1, Plate 123.
Diagram 1, Plate 115.
Plate 121.
Diagram 3, Plate 111.
Diagram 2, Plate 125.
Diagram 1, Plate 125.

Diagram 2, Plate 117.
Diagram 1, Plate 117.
Maps, Plates 109 and 110.
Diagram 7, Plate 111.
Diagram 5, Plate 111.
Diagram 1, Plate 116.

AGRICULTURE.
Acreage—Center of improved acreage: 1900.......................................................................................................................
Acres in farms:
Total number of acres in farms of white and colored farmers, by states and territories: 1900.'.......................
Total number of improved and unimproved acres in farms: 1850 to 1900............................................................
Total number of improved and unimproved acres in farms, by states and territories: 1900.............................
Apples—Principal regions of production: 1900.................................................................................................................
Apricots—Principal regions of production: 1900.................................................. ..........................................................
Area:
Percentages of number of farms of specified incomes, classified by area: 1900....................................................
Percentages of number of farms of specified tenures, classified by area: 1900....................................................
Area in farms, improved—Relative proportion of improved and unimproved area in farms to total area of the
United States: 1850 to 1900................................................................................................................................................
Area in farms, unimproved—Relative proportion of improved and unimproved area in farms to total area of the
United States: 1850 to 1900......................................................................... m
....................................................................
Asses, see Horses.
Barley:
Average yield of barley per acre, by states and territories: 1900 ...........................................................................
Production of barley, by states and territories: 1900...............................................................................................
Production of barley per capita: 1900...........................................................................................................................
Production of barley per square mile: 1900................................................................................................................
Buckwheat:
Average yield of buckwheat per acre, by states and territories: 1900...................................................................
Production of buckwheat, by states and territories: 1900........................................................................................
Cattle, neat:
Number of neat cattle on farms and ranges, by states and territories: 1900........................................................
Number of neat cattle per square mile: 1900..............................................................................................................
Center of agricultural products:
1850 to 1900.........................................................................................................................................................................
1900.......................................................................................................................................................................................
Center of corn production:
1850 to 1900.........................................................................................................................................................................
1900..................................................................... ................................................................................................................
Center of cotton production: 1900.........................................................................................................................................
Center of farm values:
1850 to 1900.............................................. .........................................................................................................................
1900.......................................................................................................................................................................................
Center of farms, agricultural products, population, and manufactures: 1900..............................................................
Center of gross farm income: 1900.........................................................................................................................................
Center of improved acreage: 1900.........................................................................................................................................
Center of manufactures:
1850 to 1900......................... ..............................................................................................................................................
1900...................................................................................................................................................................................

mmiMHnnm

Map, Plate 151.
Diagram 2, Plate 131.
Diagram 1, Plate 128.
Diagram 1, Plate 131.
Map 1, Plate 174.
Map 2, Plate 176.
Plate 145.
Plate 144.
Plate 127.
Plate 127.

Diagram 1, Plate 171.
Diagram 3, Plate 164.
Cartogram 4, Plate 172.
Map, Plate 161.
Diagram 2, Plate 170.
Diagram 4, Plate 164.
Diagram 2, Plate 150.
Map, Plate 147.
Map, Plate 126.
Map, Plate 151.
Map, Plate 126.
Map, Plate 151.
Map, Plate 151.
Map,
Map,
Map,
Map,
Map,

Plate
Plate
Plate
Plate
Plate

126.
151.
151.
151.
151.

Map, Plate 126.
Map, Plate 151.

L IS T O F IL L U S T R A T IO N S .

15

Center of number of farms:
1850 to 1900.................................................................................................................................................................................. Map, Plate 126.
. Map, Plate 151.
1900 ...................................................................................................................................................................................
Center of oats production:
1850 to 1900 ................ .......................................................... '.................................................................................................... Map Plate 126.
Map,
. Map, Plate 151.
1900 ...................................................................................................................................................................................
Center of population:
1790 to 1900 ................................................................................................................................................................................ Map Plate 126.
Map,
1900 ...................................................................................................................................................................................
. Map, Plate 151.
Center of production of six cereals: 1900.........................................................................................................................
- Map, Plate 151.
Center of total area in farms:
1850 to 1900 ................................................................................................................................................................................ Map, Plate 126.
. Map, Plate 151.
1900 ....................................................................................................................................................................................
Center of wheat production:
1850 to 1900 ................................................................................................................................................................................ Map, Plate 126.
1900 .......................................................................................................................................................................................... . Map, Plate 151.
Cereals— Center o f production of six cereals: 1900.............................................................................................................. . Map, Plate 151.
Cherries— Principal regions of production: 1900................................................................................................................. . . Map 1, Plate 1 1
7
Colored farmers:
Average value of farm property per acre for white and colored farmers, by states and territories: 1900... Diagram 2, Plate 139.
Average value of farm property per farm for white and colored farmers, b y states and territories: 1900.. Diagram 1, Plate 139.
Total number of acres in farms of white and colored farmers, by states and territories: 1900.......................... Diagram 2, Plate 131.
C orn :
Average yield of corn per acre, b y states and territories: 1900................................ ................................... ............. Diagram 1, Plate 169.
Center of corn production: 1850 to 1900 ........................................................................................................................... Map, Plate 126.
Center of corn production: 1900........................................................................................................................................... Map, Plate 151.
Production of corn: 1850 to 1900 ........................................................................................................................................ Diagram 1, Plate 152.
Production of corn, by states and territories:1900.......................................................................................................... Diagram 2, Plate 163.
Production of corn per capita: 1900..................................................................................................................................... Cartogram 1, Plate 172.
Production of corn per square m ile: 1900 ......................................................................................................................... Map, Plate 154.
Yield of corn per acre: 1900................................................................................................................................................. Map, Plate 155.
C otton:
Average yield of cotton per acre, by states and territories: 1900............................................................................... Diagram 3, Plate 170.
Center of cotton production: 1900.............................................; ........................................................................................ Map, Plate 151.
Production of cotton: 1850 to 1900...................................................................................................................................... Diagram 4, Plate 152.
Production of cotton, b y states and territories: 1900....................................................................................................... Diagram 1, Plate 168.
Production of cotton per capita: 1900................................................................................................................................. Cartogram 5, Plate 172.
Production of cotton per square m ile: 1900....................................................................................................................... Map, Plate 165.
Y ield of cotton per acre: 1900............................................................................................................................................... Map, Plate 166.
C rops:
Comparison of value of crops and cost of irrigation construction, by states and territories: 1899.................... Diagram 3, Plate 178.
Production of principal crops per capita: 1900................................................................................................................. Cartograms, Plate 172.
Proportion of the num ber of farms of specified areas, classified by principal crops: 1900.................................. Plate 141.
Farm area:
Classification of farm area, b y tenure, b y states and territories: 1900 .................................................................... Plate 143.
Farmers, colored:
Average value of farm property per acre for white and colored farmers, by states and territories: 1900 ___ Diagram 2, Plate 139.
Average value of farm property per farm for white and colored farmers, by states and territories:
1900------ Diagram 1,
Plate 139.
Total num ber of acres in farms of white and colored farmers, by states and territories: 1900.........................Jliagram 2, Plate 131.
Farmers, white:
Average value of farm property per acre for white and colored farmers, by states and territories: 1900 ------Diagram 2, Plate 139.
Average value of farm property per farm for white and colored farmers, b y states and territories: 1900------ Diagram 1, Plate 139.
Total num ber of acres in farms of white and colored farmers, by states and territories: 1900.......................... Diagram 2, Plate 131.
Farms:
Average size of farms: 1850 to 1900..................................................................................................................................... Diagram 2, Plate 130.
Average size of farms: 1900................................................................................................................................................... Map, Plate 129 and Car­
togram 4, Plate 138.
Average size of farms, by states and territories: 1900 ................................................................................................... Diagram 1, Plate 130.
Center of num ber of farms: 1850 to 1900............................................................................................................................. Map, Plate 126.
Center of number of farms: 1900 ......................................................................................................................................... Map, Plate 151.
Center of total area in farms: 1850 to 1900 ........................................................................................................................ Map, Plate 126.
Center of total area in farms: 1900 ................................................................................................................................... Map, Plate 151.
Classification of num ber of farms, by tenure, b y states and territories: 1900 ......................................................... Plate 142.
Number of farms: 1850 to 1900............................................................................................................................................. Diagram 3, Plate 130.
Percentages of num ber of farms of specified
incomes, classified b y area: 1900........................................ Plate 145.
Percentages of num ber of farms of specified
incomes, classified by principal source of incom e: 1900 . Plate 145.
Percentages of num ber of farms of specified
incomes, classified by race of farmer:1900........................ Plate 145.
Percentages of num ber of farms of specified
incomes, classified by tenure: 1900................................... Plate 145.
Percentages of num ber of farms of specified
tenures, classified by area: 1900......................................... Plate 144.
Percentages of number of farms of specified
tenures, classified by incom e: 1900................................... Plate 144.

16

L IS T OF IL L U S T R A T IO N S .

Farms—Continued.
Percentages of number of farms of specified tenures, classified by race: 1900................................................ .....
Percentages of number of farms of specified tenures, classified by source of income: 1900...............................
Proportion of the number of farms of specified areas, classified by amount of income: 1900...........................
Proportion of the number of farms of specified areas, classified by principal crops: 1900.................................
Proportion of the number of farms of specified areas, classified by race of occupants: 1900.............................
Proportion of the number of farms of specified areas, classified by tenure: 1900................................................
Relative proportion of improved and unimproved area in farms to total area of the United States: 1850 to
1900..................................................................................................................................................................................
Total number of acres in farms of white and colored farmers, by states and territories: 1900.........................
Total number of improved and unimproved acres in farms: 1850 to 1900 ............................................................
Total number of improved and unimproved acres in farms, by states and territories: 1900.............................
Farms and improvements—Percentage of increase in value of farms and improvements: 1850 to 1900.................
Farms owned— Proportion of farms owned to all farms: 1900 and 1890............................. ..........................................
Farms rented for cash— Proportion of farms rented for cash to all farms: 1900 and 1890 .........................................
Farms rented on shares— Proportion of farms rented on shares to all farms: 1900 and 1890...................................
Figs— Principal regions of production: 1900.......................................................................................................................
Forage, see Hay and forage.
Gains—Gains or losses in improved land: 1890 to 1900....................................................................................................
Grains—Production of all grains per square mile of total area: 1900.............................................................................
Grapes—Principal regions of production: 1900 ..................................................................................................................
Hay and forage—Production of hay and forage per square mile: 1900.........................................................................
Horses:
Number of horses, mules, and asses per square mile: 1900 .....................................................................................
Number of horses on farms and ranges, by states and territories: 1900 ................................................................
Implements— Value of implements and machinery on farms: 1850 to 1900 ...............................................................
Income:
Center of gross farm income: 1900.................................................................................................................................
Percentages of the number of farms of specified incomes, classified by principal source of income: 1900__
Percentages of the number of farms of specified tenures, classified by income: 1900.........................................
Percentages of the number of farms of specified tenures, classified by source of income: 1900.........................
Proportion of gross farm income to total farm property: 1900 ...............................................................................
Proportion of the number of farms of specified areas, classified by amount of income: 1900...........................
Increase—Percentage of increase in value of farms and improvements: 1850 to 1900..............................................
Irrigated land— Average area of irrigated land on farms, by states and territories: 1899 and 1889 .......................
Irrigation:
Comparison of number of irrigators and area irrigated, by states and territories: 1899 and 1889...................
Relative size of the 11 arid states and territories with proportion in public land, private ownership, farm
area, improved land, and irrigated acreage: 1899..................................................................................................
Irrigation construction—Comparison of value of crops and cost of irrigation construction, by states and terri­
tories: 1899.............................................................................................................................................................................
Land, farm:
Average value per farm of farm land with improvements, including buildings: 1850 to 1900 .........................
Total value of farm land with improvements, live stock, and farm implements, by states and territories:
1900.......................................................................................................................................... .......................................
Value of farm land per acre: 1900.................................................................................................................................
Value of farm land with improvements: 1850 to 1900..............................................................................................
Land, improved:
Gains or losses in improved land: 1890 to 1900..........................................................................................................
Proportion of improved land to total area: 1900........................................................................................................

Plate
Plate
Plate
Plate
Plate
Plate

144.
144.
141.
141.
141.
141.

Plate 127.
Diagram 2, Plate 131.
Diagram 1, Plate 128.
Diagram 1, Plate 131.
Cartograms, Plate 133.
Cartograms, Plate 140.
Cartograms, Plate 140.
Cartograms, Plate 140.
Map 2, Plate 177.
Cartogram 5, Plate 138.
Map, Plate 153.
Map 2, Plate 175.
Map, Plate 162.
Map, Plate 149.
Diagram 4, Plate 150.
Diagram 4, Tlate 128.
Map, Plate 151.
Plate 145.
Plate 144.
Plate 144.
Cartogram 3, Plate 138.
Plate 141.
Cartograms, Plate 133.
Diagram 4, Plate 178.
Diagram 2, Plate 178.
Diagram 1, Plate 178.
Diagram 3, Plate 178.
Diagram 6, Plate 128.
Diagram 2, Plate 136.
Cartogram 2, Plate 138.
Diagram 2, Plate 128.

Cartogram 5, Plate 138.
Map, Plate 132 and Car­
togram 6, Plate 138.
Live stock— Value of live stock on farms: 1850 to 1900.................................................................................................... Diagram 3, Plate 128.
Machinery, see Value of implements and machinery on farms.
Manufactures:
Center of manufactures: 1850 to 1900........................................................................................................................... Map, Plate 126.
Center of manufactures: 1900 ............................................................................................................ ....................... Map, Plate 151.
Mules, see Horses.
Neat cattle:
Number of neat cattle on farms and ranges, by states and territories: 1900 ........................................................ Diagram 2, Plate 150.
Number of neat cattle per square mile: 1900 .............................................................................................................. Map, Plate 147.
Nectarines, see Peaches and nectarines.
Oats:
Average yield of oats per acre, by states and territories: 1900 ............................................................................... Diagram 2, Plate 169.
Center of oats production: 1850 to 1900....................................................................................................................... Map, Plate 126.
Center of oats production: 1900....................... ............................................................................................................. Map, Plate 151.
Production of oats: 1850 to 1900..................................................................................................................................... Diagram 3, Plate 152.
Production of oats, by states and territories: 1900 .................................................. '................................................. Diagram 1, Plate 164.
Production of oats per capita: 1900............................................................................................................................... Cartogram 3, Plate 172.
Production of oats per square mile: 1900..................................................................................................................... Map, Plate 158.
Yield of oats per acre: 1900............................................................................................................................................ Map, Plate 159.

L IS T OF IL L U S T R A T IO N S .
Onions— Production of onions, by states: 1900 ..................................... ..........................................................................
Peaches and nectarines— Principal regions of production: 1900 ....................................................................................
Pears—Principal regions of production: 1900....................................................................................................................
Plums and prunes— Principal regions of production: 1900.............................................................................................
Population:
Center of population: 1790 to 1900................................................................................................................................
Center of population: 1900...........................................................................................................................................
Potatoes:
Production of potatoes, by states: 1900........................................................................................................................
Production of potatoes per square mile: 1900.............................................................................................................
Potatoes, sweet:
Production of sweet potatoes, by states: 1900.................................... ........................................................................
Production of sweet potatoes per square mile: 1900 .................................................................................................
Products, agricultural:
Center of agricultural products: 1850 to 1900..................................................................................................... ____
Center of agricultural products: 1900 ..........................................................................................................................
Products, farm:
Average value of farm products per farm, by states and territories: 1900.............................................................
Average value of net farm products per acre, by states and territories: 1900.......................................................
Total value of farm products, by states and territories: 1900....................... .........................................................
Value of farm products per acre: 1900..........................................................................................................................
Value of farm products per acre of improved land: 1900.........................................................................................
Value of farm products per square mile: 1900.............................................................................................................
Property, farm:
Average value of all farm property per farm: 1850 to 1900......................................................................................
Average value of farm property per acre for white and colored farmers, by states and territories: 1900........
Average value of farm property per farrti for white and colored farmers, by states and territories: 1900___
Prunes, see Plums and prunes.
Race—Percentages of the number of farms of specified tenures, classified by race: 1900..........................................
Race of farmer—Percentages of the number of farms of specified incomes, classified by race of farmer: 1900 __
Race of occupants— Proportion of the number of farms of specified areas, classified by race of occupants: 1900.
Rve:
Average yield of rye per acre, by states and territories: 1900.............................’....................................................
Production of rye, by states and territories: 1900.....................................................................................................
Production of rye per square mile: 1900......................................................................................................................
Sheep:
Number of sheep on farms and ranges, by states and territories: 1900 .................................................................
Number of sheep per square mile: 1900......................................................................................................................
States and territories—Relative size of the 11 arid states and territories with proportion in public land, private
ownership, farm area, improved land, and irrigated acreage: 1899..........................................................................
Swine:
Number of swine on farms and ranges, by states and territories: 1900.................................................................
Number of swine per square mile: 1900......................................................................................................................
Tenure:
Classification of farm area, by tenure, by states and territories: 1900........ ..........................................................
Classification of number of farms, by tenure, by states and territories: 1900.....................................................
Percentages of the number of farms of specified incomes, classified by tenure: 1900........................................
Proportion of the number of farms of specified areas, classified by tenure: 1900 ..............................................
Tobacco:
Production of tobacco, by states: 1900 ...................................- ...................................................................................
Production of tobacco per capita: 1900........................................................................................................................
Production of tobacco per square mile: 1900 .............................................................................................................
Value:
Average value of all farm property per farm: 1850 to 1900.....................................................................................
Average value of farm
products per farm, by states and territories: 1900 ................................... ? .............
Average value of farm
property per acre for white and colored farmers, by states andterritories: 1900 Average value of farm
property per farm for white and colored farmers, by states andterritories: 1900Average value of net farm products per acre, by states and territories: 1900 ....................................................
Average value per farm of farm land with improvements, including buildings: 1850 to 1900 .........................
Percentage of increase in value of farms and improvements: 1850 to 1900 ........................................ ................
Total value of farm land with improvements, live stock, and farm implements, by states and territories:
1900.................................................................................................................................................................................
Total value of farm products, by states and territories: 1900..................................................................................
Value of crops—Comparison of value of crops and cost of irrigation construction, by states and territories: 1899.
Value of farm land per acre: 1900.......................................................................................................................................
Value of farm land with improvements: 1850 to 1900.....................................................................................................
Value of farm products per acre: 1900................................................................................................................................
Value of farm products per acre of improved land: 1900 ...............................................................................................

17
Diagram 5, Plate 168.
Map I, Plate 17fi.
Map 2, Plate 174.
Map 1, Plate 177.
Map, Plate 126.
Map, Plate 151.
Diagram 8, Plate 168.
Map 1, Plate 178.
Diagram 4, Plate 168.
Map 2, Plate 173.
Map, Plate 126.
Map, Plate 151.
Diagram 1, Plate 137.
Diagram 2, Plate 137.
Diagram 1, Plate 186.
Cartogram 1, Plate 188.
Map, Plate 134.
Map, Plate 135.
Diagram 5, Plate 128.
Diagram 2, Plate 139.
Diagram 1, Plate 139.
Plate 144.
Plate 145.
Plate 141.
Diagram 2, Plate 171.
Diagram 2, Plate 164.
Map, Plate 160.
Diagram 3, Plate 150.
Map, Plate 148.
Diagram 1, Plate 178.
Diagram 1, Plate 150.
Map, Plate 146.
Plate
Plate
Plate
Plate

143.
142.
145.
141.

Diagram 2, Plate 168.
Cartogram 6, Plate 172.
Map, Plate 167.
Diagram 5, Plate 128.
Diagram 1, Plate 137.
Diagram 2, Plate 139.
Diagram 1, Plate 139.
Diagram 2, Plate 137.
Diagram 6, Plate 128.
Cartograms, Plate 133.
Diagram 2, Plate 136.
Diagram 1, Plate 136.
Diagram 3, Plate 178.
Cartogram 2, Plate 138.
Diagram 2, Plate 128.
Cartogram 1, Plate 138.
Map, Plate 134.

18

L IS T OF IL L U S T R A T IO N S .

Value of farm products per square mile: 1900 ...................................................................................................................
Value of farms and improvements—Percentage of increase in value of farms and improvements: 1850 to 1900..
Value of implements and machinery on farms: 1850 to 1900..........................................................................................
Value of live stock on farms: 1850 to 1900 .........................................................................................................................
Values:
Center of farm values: 1850 to 1900...............................................................................................................................
Center of farm values: 1900.............................................................................................................................................
Wheat:
Average yield of wheat per acre, by states and territories: 1900 ...........................................................................
Center of wheat production: 1850 to 1900 ...................................................................................................................
Center of wheat production: 1900 ................................................................................................ ...............................
Production of wheat: 1850 to 1900.................................................................................................................................
Production of wheat, by states and territories: 1900 ...................................................... .........................................
Production of wheat per capita: 1900...........................................................................................................................
Production of wheat per square mile: 1900..................................................................................................................
Yield of wheat per acre: 1900..................................................................... ................................................................
W hite farmers:
Average value of farm property per acre for white and colored farmers, by states and territories: 1900___
Average value of farm property per farm for white and colored farmers, by states and territories: 1900 __
Total number of acres in farms of white and colored farmers, by states and territories: 1900.........................

Map, Plate 135.
Cartograms, Plate 133.
Diagram 4, Plate 128.
Diagram 3, Plate 128.
Map, Plate 126.
Map, Plate 151.
Diagram 1, Plate 170.
Map, Plate 126.
Map, Plate 151.
Diagram 2, Plate 152.
Diagram 1, Plate 163.
Cartogram 2, Plate 172.
Map, Plate 156.
Map, Plate 157.
Diagram 2, Plate 139.
Diagram 1, Plate 139.
Diagram 2, Plate 131.

MANUFACTURES.
Agricultural implements:
Value of products of agricultural implements: 1850 to 1900.....................................................................................
Value of products of agricultural implements, by states: 1900.................................................................................
Value of products of agricultural implements per square mile: 1900.....................................................................
Agriculture:
Products of manufactures and agriculture per capita of the population, by states and territories: 1890........
Products of manufactures and agriculture per capita of the population, by states and territories: 1900........
Blast furnaces, see Iron and steel (blast furnaces and rolling mills).
Boots and shoes (factory product):
Value of products of boots and shoes (factory product), by states: 1900..............................................................
Value of products of boots and shoes (factory product) per square mile: 1900....................................................
Brick, see Clay products (brick, tile, pottery, etc.).
Butter, see Cheese, butter, and condensed milk.
Capital invested in manufactures at each census: 1850 to 1900 .......................................................................................
Capital invested in manufactures, by state groups: 1900..................................................................................................
Capital invested in manufactures in each state and territory: 1900 ...............................................................................
Capital, wages, and products of manufactures, for 100 counties in which the principal cities are located: 1860
to 1900 ........................................................................... ........................................................................................................
Capital, wages, and value of products of manufactures for urban and rural districts: 1900.......................................
Carriages and wagons:
Value of products of carriages and wagons, by states: 1900 ....................................................................................
Value of products of carriages and wagons per square mile: 1900...........................................................................
Cars (construction and repairs):
Value of products of cars (construction and repairs), by states and territories: 1900.........................................
Value of products of cars (construction and repairs) per square mile: 1900 ........................................................
Cars (steam railroad)— Value of products of cars (steam railroad): 1850 to 1900........................................................
Center of manufactures at each decade: 1850 to 1900........................................................................................................
Center of population: 1790 to 1900.................................................................................................................................
Cheese, butter, and condensed m ilk:
Value of products of cheese, butter, and condensed milk, by states: 1900 ..........................................................
Value of products of cheese, butter, and condensed milk per square mile: 1900 ..............................................
Chemicals and allied products:
Value of chemicals and allied products, by states: 1900 ...........................................................................................
Value of chemicals and allied products per square mile: 1900.................................................................................
Clay products—Value of clay products: 1850 to 1900........................................................................................................
Clay products (brick, tile, pottery, etc.):
Value of clay products (brick, tile, pottery, etc.), by states and territories: 1900..............................................
Value of clay products (brick, tile, pottery, etc.) per square mile: 1900 ....................... ......................................
Clothing, men’ s and women’s—Value of products of men’ s and women’ s clothing: 1850 to 1900...........................
Clothing, men’ s and women’ s (factory product):
Value of products of men’ s and women’ s clothing (factory product), by states: 1900.......................................
Value of products of men’ s and women’ s clothing (factory product), for 22 cities: 1900 .................................
Value of products of men’ s and women’ s clothing (factory product) per square mile: 1900 ...........................
Clothing, men’ s and women’ s (total factory product)—Value of products of men’ s and women’ s clothing
(total factory product), by states: 1900...........................................................................................................................

Plate 193.
Diagram 2, Plate 202.
Cartogram 4, Plate 207.
Plate 188.
Plate 187.

Diagram 6, Plate 201.
Cartogram 6, Plate 206,

Diagram 1, Plate 180.
Diagram 2, Plate 181.
Diagram 1, Plate 181.
Diagram 2, Plate 190.
Diagram 2, Plate 192.
Diagram 4, Plate 202.
Cartogram 5, Plate 207.
Diagram 3, Plate 202.
Cartogram 6, Plate 207.
Plate 193.
Map, Plate 179.
Map, Plate 179.
Diagram 1, Plate 198.
Cartogram 2, Plate 204.
Diagram 1, Plate 203.
Cartogram 2, Plate 206.
Plate 193.
Diagram 3, Plate 201.
Cartogram 5, Plate 204.
Plate 193.
Diagram 6, Plate 199.
Diagram 5, Plate 199.
Cartogram 6, Plate 205.
Diagram 4, Plate 199.

L IS T OF IL L U S T R A T IO N S .
Coke:
Value of products of coke, by states: 1900 ............................................................. ................................................
Value of products of coke per square mile: 1900......................................................................................................
Condensed milk, see Cheese, butter, and condensed milk.
Cotton goods:
Value of products of cotton goods: 1850 to 1900 ................... ...................................................................................
Value of products of cotton goods, by states: 1900...................................................................................................
Value of products of cotton goods per square mile: 1900 ............... ........................................................................
Cotton production, exports, and consumption: 1850 to 1900................... ...................................................................
Flour and grist mill products:
Value of flour and grist mill products: 1850 to 1900.................................................................................................
Value of flour and grist mill products, by states and territories: 1900.................................................................
Value of flour and grist mill products per square mile: 1900..................................................................................
Glass:
Value of products of glass: 1850 to 1900..................... ................................................................................................
Value of products of glass per square mile: 1900.......................................................................................................
Glass (including glass cutting, staining, and ornamenting)— Value of products of glass (including glass cutting,
staining, and ornamenting), by states: 1900..................................................................................................................
Gristmill products, see Flour and grist mill products.
Hosiery and knit goods:
Value of products of hosiery and knit goods: 1850 to 1900......................................................................................
Value of products of hosiery and knit goods, by states: 1900 ................................................................................
Value of products of hosiery and knit goods per square mile: 1900......................................................................
Ice, manufactured—Value of products of manufactured ice, by states: 1900...............................................................
Industries:
Value of products of certain manufacturing industries: 1850 to 1900 ...................................................................
Value of products of manufactures for groups of industries: 1900 and 1890.........................................................
Industries, selected—Value of products of selected industries, by states and territories: 1900................................
Iron and steel:
Value of products of iron and steel: 1870 to 1900 .....................................................................................................
Value of products of iron and steel, by states: 1900.................................................................................................
Iron and steel (blast furnaces and rolling mills)—Value of products of iron and steel (blast furnaces and rolling
mills) per square mile: 1900................1...........................................................................................................................
Knit goods, see Hosiery and knit goods.
Leather (tanned, curried, and finished):
Value of products of leather (tanned, curried, and finished): 1850 to 1900 .......................................................
Value of products of leather (tanned, curried, and finished), by states: 1900....................................................
Value of products of leather (tanned, curried, and finished) per square mile: 1900..........................................
Liquors (distilled, malt, and vinous):
Value of products of liquors (distilled, malt, and vinous): 1850 to 1900 .............................................................
Value of products of liquors (distilled, malt, and vinous), by states: 1900.........................................................
Value of products of liquors (distilled, malt, and vinous) per square mile: 1900................................................
Lumber—Production of lumber at each census in each state in which this industry is of importance: 1850 to
1900 .......................................................................................................................................................................................
Lumber and timber products:
Value of lumber and timber products: 1850 to 1900.................................................................................................
Value of lumber and timber products, by states and territories: 1900 .................................................................
Value of lumber and timber products per square mile: 1900..................................................................................

19
Diagram 2, Plate 201.
Cartogram 2, Plate 207.

Plate 193.
Diagram 5, Plate 198.
Cartogram 2, Plate 205.
Plate 197.
Plate 193.
Diagram 1, Plate 200.
Cartogram 1, Plate 204.
Plate 193.
Cartogram 6, Plate 204.
Diagram 4, Plate 201.

Plate 193.
Diagram 2, Plate 199.
Cartogram 5, Plate 205.
Diagram 3, Plate 198.
Plate 193.
Diagram 1, Plate 192.
Plates 198 to 203, inclu­
sive.
Plate 193.
Diagram 1, Plate 201.
Cartogram 1, Plate 207.

Plate 193.
Diagram 5, Plate 201.
Cartogram 5, Plate 206.
Plate 193.
Diagram 2, Plate 198.
Cartogram 4, Plate 204.
Plate 194.

Plate 193.
Diagram 1, Plate 202.
Map, Plate 196 and Car­
togram 3, Plate 207.
Lumber industry—Materials and products (logging camps, sawmills, and planing mills): 1900............................. Diagram 2, Plate 195.
Lumber industry and its products (logging camps, sawmills, and planing mills), by states and territories: 1900.. Diagram 1, Plate 195.
Manufactures:
Center of manufactures at each decade: 1850 to 1900 ............................................................................................. Map, Plate 179.
Products of manufactures and agriculture per capita of the population, by states and territories: 1890........ Plate 188.
Products of manufactures and agriculture per capita of the population, by states and territories: 1900........ Plate 187.
Meat packing, see Slaughtering and meat packing.
Paper and wood pulp:
Value of products of paper and wood pulp: 1850 to 1900....................................................................................... Plate 193.
Value of products of paper and wood pulp, by states: 1900.................................................................................... Diagram 3, Plate 203.
Value of products of paper and wood pulp per square mile: 1900 ........................................................................ Cartogram 3, Plate 206.
Petroleum refining:
Value of products of petroleum refining, by states: 1900 ............................................... ........................................
Value of products of petroleum refining per square mile: 1900..............................................................................
Population—Center of population: 1790 to 1900........................................................................................... ................
Pottery, see Clay products (brick, tile, pottery, etc.).
Printing and publishing—Value of products of printing ami publishing per square mile: 1900 .............................
Printing and publishing (book and job, music, and newspapers)—Value of products of printing and publishing
(book and job, music, and newspapers), by states and territories: 1900...............................................................-

Diagram 2, Plate 203.
Cartogram 1, Plate 206.
Map, Plate 179.
Cartogram 4, Plate 206.
Diagram 4, Plate 203.

20

L IS T OF IL L U S T R A T IO N S .

Products:
Capital, wages, and products of manufactures, for 100 counties in which the principal cities are located:
1860 to 1900 .................................................... : .............................................................................................................
Capital, wages, and value of products of manufactures for urban and rural districts: 1900 .............................
Value of all manufactured products, and proportional value of each group: 1880 to 1900 ...............................
Value of products of manufactures at each census: 1850 to 1900 ............................................ .............................
Value of products of manufactures, by states and territories, at each census: 1850 to 1900 .............................
Value of products of manufactures in certain manufacturing cities: 1900............................................................
Value of products of manufactures in the 17 leading states: 1870 to 1900 ............................. ..............................
Value of products of manufactures per square mile: 1900........................................................................................
Publishing, see Printing and publishing.
Rolling mills, see Iron and steel (blast furnaces and rolling mills).
Rural:
Capital, wages, and value of products of manufactures for urban and rural districts: 1900 ............................
Value of products of urban and rural manufactures, by state groups: 1900 ........................................................
Shoddy, see Woolen goods, worsted goods, wool hats, and shoddy.
Shoes, see Boots and shoes (factory product).
Silk—Value of products of silk: 1850 to 1900 .......................................... .........................................................................
Silk and silk goods:
Value of products of silk and silk goods, by states: 1900 ........................................................................................
Value of products of silk and silk goods per square mile: 1900...............................................................................
Slaughtering and meat packing:
Value of products of slaughtering and meat packing: 1850 to 1900..................... .................................................
Value of products of slaughtering and meat packing, by states: 1900........................... .......................................
Value of products of slaughtering and meat packing for 13 cities: 1900..............................................................
Value of products of slaughtering and meat packing per square mile: 1900 ........................................................
Steel, see Iron and steel.
Textiles:
Value of products of textiles, by states: 1900.......................................... ..................................................................
Value of products of textiles per square mile: 1900 ................................. .................................................................
Tile, see Clay products (brick, tile, pottery, etc.).
Timber products, see Lumber and timber products.
"Urban:
Capital, wages, and value of products of manufactures for urban and rural districts: 1900 .............................
Proportion of urban to total products of manufactures, by states and territories: 1900.....................................
Value of products of urban and rural manufactures, by state groups: 1900..........................................................
Wage-earners:
Average number of wage-earners employed in manufactures at each census: 1850 to 1900 .............................
Average number of wage-earners employed in manufactures, by state groups: 1900........................................
Average number of wage-earners employed in manufactures, by states and territories: 1900.........................
Proportion of average number of wage-earners employed in manufactures to population at each census:
1850 to 1900 ...................................................................................................................................................................
Proportion of average number of wage-earners employed in manufactures to total population, by states:
1900...................................................................................................................................................................................
Wages:
Capital, wages, and products of manufactures, for 100 counties in which the principal cities are located:
1860 to 1900 ...................................................................................................................................................................
Capital, wages, and value of products of manufactures for urban and rural districts: 1900.............................
Wagons, see Carriages and wagons.
Wood pulp, see Paper and wood pulp.
W ool—Value of products of wool per square mile: 1900 ................................................................................................
W ool hats, see Woolen goods, worsted goods, wool hats, and shoddy.
W ool manufactures— Value of products of wool manufactures: 1850 to 1900 ..............................................................
Woolen goods, worsted goods, wool hats, and shoddy—Value of products of woolen goods, worsted goods,
wool hats, and shoddy, by states: 1900...........................................................................................................................
Worsted goods, see W oolen goods, worsted goods, wool hats, and shoddy.

Diagram 2, Plate 190.
Diagram 2, Plate 192.
Plate 191.
Diagram 3, Plate 180.
Plate 184.
Diagram 1, Plate 190.
Plate 186.
Map, Plate 185 and Plates
204 to 207, inclusive.

Diagram 2, Plate 192.
Diagram 3, Plate 190.

Plate 193.
Diagram 3, Plate 199.
Cartogram 4, Plate 205.
Plate 193.
Diagram 2, Plate 200.
Diagram 3, Plate 200.
Cartogram 3, Plate 204.

Diagram 4, Plate 198.
Cartogram 1, Plate 205.

Diagram 2, Plate 192.
Plate 189.
Diagram 3, Plate 190.
Diagram 2, Plate 180.
Diagram 2, Plate 182.
Diagram 1, Plate 182.
Diagram 4, Plate 180.
Plate 183.

Diagram 2, Plate 190.
Diagram 2, Plate 192.

Cartogram 3, Plate 205.
Plate 193.
Diagram 1, Plate 199.

LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL.

UNITED STATES CENSUS OFFICE,
Washington, D . C1, June 6, 1903.
S ik :
I have the honor to transmit herewith for publication the Statistical Atlas of the Twelfth Census.
The illustrations, which are necessarily confined to the four subjects, Population, Vital Statistics, A g ri­
culture, and Manufactures, were prepared under the supervision of Mr. Henry Gannett, Geographer of the
Twelfth Census. For valuable suggestions regarding the maps and diagrams used in illustrating the figures of
the main reports, the Geographer is much indebted to Mr. William C. Hunt, Chief Statistician for Population;
Mr. William A. King, Chief Statistician for Vital Statistics; Mr. Le Grand Powers, Chief Statistician for
Agriculture; Mr. S. N. D. North, the former Chief Statistician for Manufactures, and Mr. William M. Steuart,
the present Chief Statistician.
Very respectfully,
C harles

S. Slo an e,

In Charge o f Geographical Division.
H o n . W il l ia m

R . M e r r ia m ,

Director o f the Census.

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