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DEPARTMENT

OF

COMMERCE

BUREAU OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC COMMERCE
J U L I U S K L E IN , D irecto r

STATISTICAL ABSTRACT
OF THE

UNITED STATES

1923
FORTY-SIXTH NUMBER

PRICE, 85 CENTS (PAPER COVERS)"
S o ld b y th e S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o cu m en ts, G o v e rn m e n t P r in tin g O ffice
W a sh in g to n , D , C.




WASHINGTON
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
1924

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
S ecretary o f Com m erce:

H

erbert

H

oover

BUREAU OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC COMMERCE
D irector , B u re a u o f Foreign a n d D om estic Com m erce: Julius
Assistant Directors; O. P. Hopkins, Louis, Domeratzky,

Klein.

Thomas R* Taylor,

Robert A. Jaekson.
A d m in istra tiv e A s sis ta n t:

Wharton Moore.

E d ito r , Commerce R ep orts:
REGIONAL DIVISIONS AND CHIEFS

European: A la n Q . G o ld sm ith .
Far Eastern: F ra n k R . E M ridge.
Latin American: R ic h a rd F . 0 ’Toole.
COMMODITY DIVISIONS AND CHIEFS

Agricultural Im plements: G eorge B . B e ll.
Automotive: P e r c y O w en.
Chemical: C h a rle s C . C o n can no n .
Coal: C h a rle s P . W h ite .
Electrical Equipment: R . A . L u n d q u ist.
Foodstuffs: E d w a rd G . M o n tg o m e ry .
Rides and Leather: W ilb u r J . P age.
Iron and Steel: L u th e r B eck er.
Lum ber: A x e l H . O xholm .
Machinery: W a lte r H . R a s ta ll.
Minerals: G u y C . R id d e ll.
P aper: J o h n M a tth e w s , j r .
Rubber: P . L . P a lm e rto n .
Shoe and Leather Manufactures: A r t h u r B . B u tm a n .
Specialties: W a rr e n L . H oagland.
Textile: E d w a rd T . P ic k a rd .
Transportation and Communication: E ugen e S .
G regg.
TECHNICAL DIVISIONS AND CHIEFS

Foreign Tariffs: H e n ry C h alm ers.
Commercial Law s: A rc h ib a ld J . W o lfe.
Finance and Investment: G ro sve n o r M . Jones.
Statistical Research: E . D a n a D u ra n d .
Statistics: J o h n H oh n .
Commercial Intelligence: A r t h u r S . H illy e r.

Griffith Evans
DOMESTIC COMMERCE

Domestic Commerce: A . H e a th O n th a n k .
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS AND CHIEFS

Correspondence: R o y a l H . B rasel.
District Offices: H aro ld D o tte re r.
Foreign Service: W a lte r L . M ille r.
DISTRICT OFFICES AND MANAGERS

Central M ississippi: T h o m as L . G a u k e l, 1210 L ib ­
e r ty C e n tra l T r u s t C o. B u ild in g , S t. L ou is, M o .
Central Pacific: L eo n a rd B . G a r y , 510 C u sto m ­
h ouse, S a n F ran cisco , C alif.
Detroit, M ich.: H . H . T e w k s b u ry , N o. 1 C u sto m ­
house.
Great Lakes: F re d e rick L . R o b e rts , R o o m 830, 76
W e s t M o n ro e S tre e t, C hicago, 111.
New England: H a rv e y A . S w eetser, actin g , 1801
C u stom h o u se, B o sto n , M ass.
New York, N . Y .: A lb e r t J . B a rn a u d , 734 C u s to m ­
house.
Philadelphia, P a .: S a m u e l H . D a y , 20 S o u th F if­
te e n th S tre e t, R oo m 812.
Pacific Northwest: S h irl H . B la lo c k , 515 L o w m a n
B u ild in g ; S e a ttle , W a s h .
South Atlantic: B u is t C . G e tsin g er, 538 P o s t Office
B u ild in g , A tla n ta , G a .
Gulf: G eorge E . M c L e o d , 2 14 C u stom h o u se, N ew
O rleans, L a .

T h e d e p a rtm e n t has in effect arran g em en ts w ith certa in re p re se n ta tiv e ch am b ers o f com m erce w h e re b y
those o rg anizations are d esig n ated c o o p era tive offices. T h ese a re lo c a te d i n th e fo llo w in g cities: A k ro n ,
C in cin n a ti, C le ve la n d , C o lu m b u s, D a y to n , a n d T oledo, O hio; B a ltim o re , M d . (A sso ciatio n of
C o m m erce); B irm in g h a m a n d M o b ile, A la .; B rid g e p o rt, C o n n . (M a n u fa c tu re rs ' A s s n .); C h a rle sto n ,
S . C .; C h attano o ga, T e n n . ( E . D . S t r a t to n ) ; D a lla s, E l P a so , F o r t W o rth , a n d O range, T e x .; E rie a n d
P itts b u rg h , P a .; In d ia n a p o lis a n d M u n d e , I n d .; Los A n g eles a n d S a n D iego, C a lif,; M ilw a u k e e , W is .
(A ssociation o f C o m m erce); N e w a rk a n d T re n to n , N . J . ; N orfo lk a n d N e w p o rt N e w s (H a m p to n
R o a d s M a ritim e E xchange) a n d R ich m o n d , V a .; Ja c k so n v ille a n d P ensacola, F la .; P o rtla n d , O reg.;
P rovid en ce, R . I.; R och ester a n d S yra cu se, N . Y .; a n d W o rcester, M ass.
I n a d d itio n th e d e p a rtm e n t h a s foreign offices w i t h re p re se n ta tiv e s in charge in th e fo llo w in g cities:
A le x a n d ria , A th e n s , B a ta v ia , B e rlin , B o g o ta , B o m b a y , B ru sse ls, B u c h a res t, B u en os A ire s , C a lc u tta ,
C a n to n , C o n sta n tin o p le, C op enh ag en, H a b a n a, T h e H ague, H elsingfors, Jo h a n n esb u rg , L im a , L o n d o n ,
M a d rid , M a n ila , M elb o u rn e, M exico C i ty , M o n te v id e o , O tta w a , P a ris , P ek in g , P ragu e, R ig a, R io de
Ja n e iro , S a n J u a n , Sa o P a u lo , R om e, Sa n tiag o , S h an g h a i, Sto ck h o lm , T o k y o , V ie n n a , a n d W a rs a w .

II




CONTENTS
Page
L etter o r T ransmittal .....................................................................- ...................................................... ............x x m
E xplanatory N otes ...............................................................................................................— ...................... . x x v

A R E A AND POPULATION
Table
1. T erritorial E xpansion or the U nited States: Date and area of accessions......................
2 . D ates or Organization or T erritories and A dmission or States...... ...................... ...
3. A rea of. States and G eographic D ivisions, 1920.....................................................
2
4. A rea and P opulation , C ontinental U nited States : 1790 to 1920.............................
2
5 . P opulation o r C ontinental U nited States and Outlying P ossessions: 1910and 1920...
6 . A n n u a l M id -year E stimates of P opulation , C ontinental U nited States and Outlying
P ossessions: 1900 to 1923............................................ - ................... - .............................
7. P opulation by States and G eographic D ivisions at E ach C ensus : 1790to 1920...........
8 . D ensity of P opulation per Square M ile b y States and G eographic D ivisions : 1800 and
1850 to 1920......... ......................................................................................... - ...............
9 . race , N ativity , a n d P arentage of P opulation , C ontinental U nited States : 1860 to 1920
10 R ace of P opulation by States and G eographic D ivisions: 1800toi920_...............
8
11. r a c e , N ativity , and P arentage of P opulation b y States and G eographic D ivisions :
1910 and 1920..........- .....................- .................................... - ............... ................... 12. R ace, N ativity , and P arentage of P opulation : Percentages by States and geographic
divisions, 1900 to 1920---------------------- --------- --------------------------------------------------- --------—
13. Se x D istribution of P opulation : Total, 1860 to 1920; and by race, nativity, and parentage,
1900 to 1920; Continental United States.... . ....................................... ..........................
14. A ge D istribution of P opulation : Total, 1900 to 1920; and by race, nativity, and parentage,
1920; Continental United States-----. . . ----------------- ------------------- --------——
........
15. Sex D istribution of P opulation : Total, 1910 and 1920; and by race, nativity,and parentage,
1920; by States and geographic divisions................ « ............... .- ........... - ................... .....
16. P ersons 21 Y ears of A ge and Over , by race, nativity, and parentage, and total males 18
to 44 years of age: By States and geographic divisions, 1920......... ................................. .....
17. A ge D istribution of P opulation : By States and geographic divisions, 1920.................. ,___
18. A ge D istribution of P opulation : Percentages by States and geographic divisions, 1910.and
1920....................... — ............ ........ .......- ........... — — ...... .. ................ ............... — OF P ersons 15 Y ears of A ge and Over , by race, nativity, and parentageTanairy-sei. By geographic divisions, 1920.............. ........ *................................ ......
20. M arital C ondition of P ersons 15 Y ears of A ge and Over , by Se x : By States and geo­
graphic divisions, 1920........... . .................. ..... „........ ...................................... ........22
21. M arital C ondition of W hite and N egro P ersons 15 Y ears of A ge or Over , for each geo­
graphic division and for each State having a negro population of over 5 per cent of the total, 1920
22. M arital C ondition of P ersons 15 Y ears of A ge and Over : By color or raee, nativity, and
parentage, Continental United States, 1910 and 1920.......................... .............. ...... .
23. I lliterate P ersons, 10 to 20 Y ears of A ge and 21 Y ears of A ge and Over , U rban and
R ur al : Continental United States, 1910 and 1920; and by geographic divisions, 1920____ ____
24. I lliterate P ersons, 10 Y ears of A ge and Over , by sex, raee, nativity, and 21 years of age
and over, by sex: By States and geographic divisions, 1920....... ............................... ..........
25. P ercentage of I lliteracy among persons 10 years of age and over, by sex, race, and natiyity,
1910 and 1920; and among persons of voting age, 1920: By States and geographic divisions,___
26. D wellings , F amilies , and T enure of H om e : By States and geographic divisions, 1920_r___
27. A verage N um ber of P ersons per D welling and per F amily , 1
91Q and 1920, and P er ­
centage D istribution of F amilies by T enure of H ome , 1920: By States and geographic
divisions....... .......... ........ *..... ............ ................................. .............................. _t.....
28. F oreign -born P opulation , C ontinental U nited States: B y country of birth, 1870to 1920.
29. F oreign -born W hites, C ontinental U nited States: B y country of birth, 1910and 1920.
30r F oreign -born P opulation , U rban and R ural , Continental United States: B y country of
birth, 1920....... ......... - ....... ....................... ........................... .................. ............. t„__
31. F oreign W hite Stock, by M other T ongue , Continental United States, I910 andl920____
32. F oreign-born W hites, by country of birth, by States and geographic divisions, i920_r- —,____




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IV

CONTENTS

T a b le
P age
33. C itizenship of F o r e ig n -b o r n W h it e s , 21 y e a rs o f age a n d o v e r: B y p rin c ip a l co u n tries of
b irth , 1 9 2 0 - ............................................. ......................................................................................................................
34. U r b a n an d R u r a l P o pulation b y S t a t e s an d G eo g raph ic D iv isio n s , 1900 t u 1920 ...........
35. U r b a n a n d R u r a l P o pu lat io n , C o n tin en tal U nited S t a t e s : B y race, n a ti v i t y , a n d p a re n t­
age, 1910 an d 1920, a n d b y sex a n d age gro ups, 1920 — . ...............................................................................
36. M a r it a l C ondition o f U r b a n a n d R u r a l P o pu lat io n , p erson s 1 5 y e a rs o f age a n d o v e r,
C o n tin e n ta l U n ite d S ta te s, 1920, w ith c o m p a ra tiv e p er c e n ts fo r 1910—...............................................
37. U r b a n a n d R u r a l D w e l l in g s a n d F a m il ie s , C o n tin e n ta l U n ite d S ta te s, 1910 a n d 1920___
38. C it ie s of 50,000 o r M o re I n h a b it a n t s in 1920: T o ta l p o p u la tio n 1880 to 1920, b y color, n a t i v i t y ,
a n d p a ren ta g e , 1910 a n d 1920, a n d b y sex, 1920......................................... ......................................................
39. N u m b e r a n d P ro po rtio n of P e r s o n s 10 Y e a r s of A g e a n d O v e r , E n g a g e d in G a in f u l
Occu pat io n s : B y age g ro ups, C o n tin e n ta l U n ite d S ta te s, 1910 a n d 1920.............................................
40. N u m b e r a n d P ro po rtio n of P e r so n s E n g a g e d in G a in f u l Oc c u pa t io n s : B y sex, age, race,
n a t i v i t y , a n d p a ren ta g e , C o n tin e n ta l U n ite d S ta te s, 1920..........................................................................
41. P e r so n s 10 Y e a r s of A g e a n d O v e r E n g a g e d in E ach G e n e r a l G r o u p of Oc cu patio n s :
B y sex, C o n tin e n ta l U n ite d S ta te s, 1910 a n d 1920_.........................................................................__..........
42. P e r so n s 1 0 Y e a r s of A g e a n d Ov e r E n g a g e d in E ach G e n e r a l G r o u p of O ccu pation s :
B y sex a n d age, C o n tin e n ta l U n ite d S ta te s, 19 2 0 .......................................................................................
43. P e r so n s 1 0 Y e a r s of A g e a n d O v e r E n g a g e d in E ach S pecified Occu patio n : B y sex,
n a t i v i t y , a n d p a ren ta g e , C o n tin e n ta l U n ite d S ta te s , 1 9 2 0 ........................................................................
44. M a l e s 10 Y e a r s of A g e a n d O v e r E n g a g e d in E ach G r o u p of G a in f u l Occu patio n s : B y
S ta te s , 1 9 2 0 ._____________________ —........................................... — ........................- ........................................
45. F e m a l e s 1 0 Y e a r s of A g e a n d O v e r E n g a g e d in E ach G r o u p of G a in f u l O ccu patio n s : B y
S ta te s, 1 9 2 0 .................................................. ....................................... — ................— ..........................................
46. M a l e s a n d F e m a l e s 1 0 Y e a r s of A g e a n d O v e r E n g a g e d in G a in f u l Occu pat io n s : B y
S ta te s , 1 9 10 a n d 1 9 2 0 ......................................................A ......................- ......................- ......... ..............................
47. R e l ig io u s B o d ie s : S ta tis tic s o f p rin c ip a l d en o m in atio n s, 1922........ .............................._____............. ..
48. R e l ig io u s B o d ie s : V a lu e o f ch u rch p ro p e rty , d e b t, e t c ............................................................................

38
39
40
41
41
42
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47
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48
56
57
58
59
60

V IT A L S T A T I S T I C S
49. B irth a n d D e a t h R e g ist r at io n A r e a : S ta te s in c lu d e d in re g istra tio n a re a w ith y e a r w h e n
each w a s a d d e d .......... ........................................- ..............................- ..................................................________61
50. D e a t h s : N u m b e r a n d ra te s in e n tire d e a th -reg istra tio n are a (exclud ing H a w a ii), 1880 to 1922___
61
51. D e a t h s : R a te p e r 1,000 p o p u la tio n , b y sex a n d b y age g ro u p s, 1900 to 1 9 2 2 ............ ...........................
62
52. D e a t h s : C ru d e d e a th ra te s p e r 1,000 e stim a te d p o p u la tio n , in th e d e a th -re g is tra tio n a re a , 1910
to 1922, b y ra ce, d istin g u ish in g citie s a n d ru ra l a r e a ......................................................... Ju......... ............
63
53. D e a t h s : C r u d e a n d a d ju ste d ra te s p e r 1 ,000 e stim a te d p o p u la tio n , b y re g istra tio n cities o f
100,000
o r m o re in h a b ita n ts , 1 9 2 0 ,19 2 1, a n d 1922................... ................................................................,^
63
64.
D e a t h s : N u m b e r i n 1922, a n d c ru d e ra te s p e r 1,000 o f t o t a l m id -y e a r p o p u la tio n , 1913 to 1922,
b y S ta te s ........... ................................... - ............................- ............... —--------------------- ------- -------- ------------ 64
55. D e a t h s : A d ju s te d ra te s p e r 1,000 p o p u la tio n b y S ta te s 1910, 1920, 1921, a n d 1922...................^____
65
56. D e a t h s : N u m b e r a n d a n n u a l ra te p e r 1,000 o f th e t o t a l e stim a te d p o p u la tio n , b y
65
citie s................................................................................................................... .................................................. ............
57. D e a t h s : N u m b e r o f d e ath s, 1921 a n d 1922, a n d ra te p e r 100,000 p o p u latio n in th e e n tire
d e ath -reg istratio n area, an d i n th e o rig in al d e ath -re g istratio n S ta te s, 1900 to 1922, b y im p o r­
t a n t causes......... .......................................................................................................... ................................................
66
58. B ir t h s , D e a t h s , a n d D e a t h s U n d e r 1 Y e a r of A g e : B y sex, fo r e n tire b irth -re g is tra tio n
67
area fo r 1915 , a n d 1917 to 1922, a n d fo r a rea as i t e x iste d i n 1917 , fo r 1917 to 1922....................... .. _
59. B ir t h s : R e la tio n to n u m b e r o f m a rrie d w o m en 15 to 44 y e a rs o f age, b y ra ce a n d n a t i v i t y o f
m o th e r, in th e e n tire b irth -re g istra tio n area, 1920 to 1922...............................................................______
67
60. N u m b e r of B ir t h s a n d D e a t h s a n d E x c e s s of B ir t h s O v e r D e a t h s : I n th e b irth -re g is tra ­
tio n area a n d each re g istra tio n S ta te , 1 9 2 0 ,19 2 1, an d 1922 ......................................... ................................
68
61. B ir t h a n d D e at h R a t e s p e r 1,000 P o pu latio n in th e b irth -re g istra tio n a rea a n d each regis­
tra tio n S ta te , 1917 t o 1922_..................................................................................................... - ......................
09
62. N u m b e r of B ir t h s a n d S t illb ir t h s , a n d s tillb irth s p e r 100 b irth s , in t h e re g is tra tio n area,
a n d n u m b e r o f b irth s in each re g istra tio n S ta te b y le g itim a c y , 1922------------- ----------- --------------70
63. D e a t h s of I n f a n t s U n d e r 1 Y e a r o f A g e : R a te s, b y p rin c ip a l causes for th e b irth -re g istra tio n
are a , 19 17 to 1922.....................................................................................................................................- ....
71
64. D e a t h s of I n fa n t s U n d e r 1 Y e a r o f A g e : R a te p er 1,000 b irth s , acco rd in g t o age s u b d iv i­
sion s, fo r t h e b irth -re g istra tio n are a as o f 1917, fo r 1917 to 1922...............................................................
72
65. D e a t h s o f I n fa n t s U n d e r 1 Y e a r of A g e : N u m b e r,
1921 a n d 1922,
a n d ra te s , 1917 t o 1922,
b y S ta te s , fo r t h e b irth -re g istra tio n a re a ............................................ ................- ........................ —...........—72
66. H om icid es a n d S u ic id e s : N u m b e r a n d ra te in cities h a v in g 100,000 p o p u la tio n o r m o re in 1900,
1900
to 1922............................................................................................- ..............................................- ..................
73
67. M a r r i a g e s a n d D iv o r c e s : N u m b e r a n d in crease, sp e cifyin g d ivo rc e s g ra n te d t o h u sb a n d o r
Digitized for w ife , 1889 to 1906, 1916, a n d 1922............. ..................................................................: ............................... FRASER
to
73



CONTENTS
IM M IG R A T IO N A N D E M IG R A T IO N
T a b le
P ag e
68. I m m ig r a t io n : 1820 to 1923................................................................................ ............_........................................
■
69. N et I n c r e a se of P o pu latio n b y A r r iv a l a n d D e p a r t u r e of A l ie n s , 1908 to 1923...............
70. I m m ig r a t io n L a w E n fo r c e m e n t : Im m ig ra n t alien s a d m itte d , d e b a rre d , a n d d e p o rted ,
1900
to 1923— ................................................................................... ....................................................................
71. I m m ig r a n t A l ie n s A dmitted b y O ccupation , a m o u n t o f m o n e y b ro u g h t, e tc ., 1900 to 1923___
72. I ll it e r a t e I m m ig r a n t s A d m it t e d : N u m b e r a n d p e r cen t b y ra ce.o r p eop le, 1910 t o 1914, a n d
1923........... .....................................................................................................................................................................
73. I m m ig r a n t A l ie n s A dm itted a n d E m ig r a n t A l ie n s D e p a r t e d : B y sex a n d age, also illite ra c y
o f im m ig ra n ts, 1900 t o 1923.................................................... ................................................................. ..............
74. I m m ig r an t A lie n s A dmitted b y C o u n tr ie s of L a s t P er m a n e n t R esid e n ce , 1920 to 1 9 2 3 ..
75. I m m igratio n b y C o u n tries of L a s t P e r m a n e n t R esiden ce an d b y D e c a d e s , 1831 to 1920.__
76. I m m ig ran t A lie n s A dmitted b y R ace o r P eople w ith p e r c e n t d is trib u tio n , 1900 t o 1923___
77. I m m ig r a n t A leens A dmitted b y R a c e o r P e o pl e a n d b y S e x , 1910 t o 1914 ,19 22, a n d 1923, a n d
b y age gro u p s, 1 9 2 3 .......................... ......................................................................................................................
78. E m ig r a n t A l ie n s D e p a r t e d b y R a c e o r P e o pl e a n d b y S e x , 19 10 t o 1 914 ,19 22, a n d 1923, an d
b y age g ro ups, 1 9 2 3 .................................................................................................................................................
79. I m m ig r a n t A l ie n s A dmitted a n d E m ig r a n t A llens D e p a r t e d w i t h excess o f ad m issions
o r d e p a rtu re s b y ra ce o r people, 19 10 to 1 9 2 3 ............................... ..................................................................
80. I m m ig r a n t A l ie n s A dmitted a n d E m ig r a n t A l ie n s D e p a r t e d b y c o u n try o f la st o r fu tu re
p e rm a n e n t resid ence, 1910 to 1914, 1922, a n d 1923_........................................... ..................................... ..
8 1 . I m m ig r a t io n U n d e r th e P e r C e n t u m L im it A ct b y co u n tries o r areas, 1922 a n d 1923...............
82. A r r iv a l s of P a s s e n g e r s a t the P r in c ipa l P o rts fro m fo reign c o u n tries, 1900 t o 1 9 2 3 _______
83. D e p a r t u r e s of P a s s e n g e r s fr o m the S e a p o r t s o f th e U n ite d S ta te s fo r fo reig n co u n tries,
1900 t o 1923................................................................................... ............. ..................................................................

V

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86

E D U C A T IO N
84. S u m m a r y of E l e m e n t a r y a n d S eco n d a r y S chools , C o n tin e n ta l U n ite d S ta te s, 1870 to 1922_.
87
85. E l e m e n t a r y a n d S econ dary S chools , P u blic a n d P r i v a t e : E n ro llm e n t a n d a tte n d a n ce ,
1900 t o 1922, b y S t a t e s ............ ................................................................................................ ................................
88
86. P u b l ic E l e m e n t a r y an d S e c o n d a r y S ch o o ls : T each ers—n u m b e r a n d s a la ry b y S ta te s ,
1900 t o 1 9 2 2 ................................................................................................................................................................
90
87. P u blic E l e m e n t a r y a n d S e c o n d a r y S ch o o ls : E x p e n d itu re s b y S ta te s , 1900 to 1922_______
91
88. P u b l ic H ig h S ch ools a n d P r iv a t e H igh S chools a n d A c a d e m ie s , C o n tin e n ta l U n ite d
S ta te s , 189Q to 1922.............................................. ........... ........................................................................................
92
89. P u blic H igh S chools a n d P r iv a t e H ig h S chools a n d A c a d e m ie s , n u m b e r an d sex o f te ac h ­
ers an d p u p ils b y S ta te s, 1922................................ ........................_.............................. ................................. . .
93
90 . S chool S tatistics f o r N oncontiguous T e r r it o r y , 1900 t o 1923................................................... ..
g&
01.
N o r m a l S chools a n d T e a c h e r s * C o l l e g e s , C o n tin e n ta l U n ite d S ta te s, 1900 to 1 9 2 2 ...........................................
92. N o r m a l S chools a n d T e a c h e r s ’ C o l l e g e s , 1910, 1920, an d 1922, b y S t a t e s _____ ____________
96
93. U n iv e r s it ie s , C o l l e g e s , a n d P r o f e ssio n a l S chools : N u m b e r a n d sex o f in s tru c to r s a n d
s tu d e n ts a n d t o t a l w o rk in g in co m e, to ta ls 1890 t o 1920 a n d b y S ta te s , 1922........... ..........................
98
94. U n iv e r sit ie s , C o l l e g e s , a n d P r o fe ssio n a l S chools : N u m b e r o f stu d e n ts p u rsu in g specified
professio n al courses, b y S ta te s, 1922............................................................... ................. - ...........................
100
95. U n iv e r sit ie s , C o l l e g e s , an d P r o f e ssio n a l S chools : P ro p e rty , fe llo w sh ip s, a n d sch olarsh ip s,
b y S ta te s, 19 2 2 .............................................................................................................................................................
101
96. N u r s e T r a in in g a n d C o m m e r c ia l S ch ools : Sch o o l y e a r 1920 an d s u m m e r a n d re fo rm schools,
sch ool y e a r 1922, b y S t a t e s ..................... ..............................................................................................................
102
97. S chools f o r the B lin d , the D e a f , a n d the F e e b l e -M in d ed , b y S ta te s, 1 9 2 2 ..............................
103
98. S chools f o r th e B lin d , the D e a f , a n d the F e e b l e -M in d e d , C o n tin e n ta l U n ite d S ta te s ,
1900 -19 2 2 ......................... ...................................................................................................................- ......................104
99. V ocation al E d u c a t io n : 1'each ers a n d p u p ils i n v o c a tio n a l schools a n d teach ers’ tra in in g
courses, b y class o f sch ool, 19 18 -19 2 3 .................................................- ............................................................
104
100. V o catio n al E d u c at io n : P u p ils en ro lled in v o c a tio n a l courses, 1918 -192 3, a n d b y sex a n d class
of school, 1923, b y S ta te s an d geographic d iv is io n s ............................................ - ............... .......................
105
1 0 1. V ocational E d u c a t io n : P u p ils en ro lled in v o c a tio n a l te a c h e rs’ tra in in g courses, 1918 to 1923,
a n d b y sex an d class o f sch ool, 1923, b y S ta te s a n d geograp hic d iv is io n s ---------- ---------------------106
102. V o catio n al E d u c at io n : E x p e n d itu re s u n d e r t h e v o c a tio n a l e d u ca tio n a c t, 1 9 18 -19 2 3 ----------107
103. V ocatio n al R e h abilitatio n of P e r so n s D is a b l e d in I n d u st r y o r O t h e r w is e : 1922 to
1 9 2 3 ..........................................................................................................................................................- ....................108
P U B L IC L A N D S A N D N A T IO N A L P A R K S
104. O r ig in a l a n d F in a l E n tr ie s of P u b lic L a n d s an d A r e a P a ten ted U n d e r V a r io u s C l a s s e s ,
y e a r en ded J u n e 3 0 ,1 9 2 3 : A c r e a g e . - - . . . .........................^....... - - - - - - ......................................-v —, ------ 105. P u blic L a n d s W it h d r a w n fr o m G e n e r a l S e t t lem en t o th e r t h a n w ith d ra w a ls u n d e r t h e
re clam atio n a c t a n d re sto ra tio n s o f la n d s p re v io u s ly w ith d ra w n , y e a rs e n d ed J u n e 3 0 ,1 9 2 1 to
for FRASERd w ith d ra w a ls o u tsta n d in g , to ta ls Ju n e 3 0 ,1 9 2 0 to 1923, a n d b y S ta te s , 1923; A cre ag e1923; a n

Digitized


109

109

VI

CONTENTS

T a b le
P ag e
106. A r e a o p I n d ian R e s e r v a t io n s an d I n d ian P o pu latio n T h e r e o n E x c l u siv e of A l a s k a :
B y S ta te s , J u n e 3 0 ,1 8 8 0 ,1 8 9 0 , 1900, 1922, a n d 1923.......................................................................................
107. Or ig in a l E n t r ie s o f P u b l ic a n d I n d ia n L a n d s u n d e r a l l a c ts; b y S ta te s , y e a rs e n d ed J u n e 30,
19 11
to 1923: A c re a g e ...................................................................................................................— ............110
108. H o m e s t e a d s : acreage o f o rig in al e n trie s o f p u b lic la n d b y S ta te s , y e a rs e n d e d J u n e W , 1 9 1 1 to
1923,
a n d fin a l e n trie s fo r e n tire area, 1868 t o 1923------------------ --------- - .......................................... I l l
109. S tock -r a is in g H o m e st e a d s : O rig in al en trie s o f a l l la n d s fro m p assag e o f a c t t o J u n e 3 0 ,19 2 3 , b y
S ta te s ............. ............................... ..................................................................... .................................................... .
110. T im b e r a n d S t o n e , C o a l , M in e r a l , a n d D e se r t -l a n d E n t r ie s : A cre ag e b y S ta te s , a n d
n u m b e r o f e n tries a n d a m o u n t o f m o n e y p a y m e n t fo r e n tire U n ite d S ta te s , fro m passage o f act
_
t o J u n e 3 0 ,1 9 2 3 ................■............................. ............................................................. ....................... . . . ..............
1 1 1 . P u blic L a n d s : A cre s u n a p p ro p ria te d a n d u n re se rv e d , b y S ta te s , J u n e 3 0 ,1 8 9 0 ,1 9 0 0 ,1 9 1 0 ,1 9 2 0 ,
1922, a n d 1923.......... ......... . ............... ....................................................................................................112
112. A c r e a g e ot P u b lic L a n d s P a t e n t e d : B y S ta te s a n d b y class, y e a rs en d ed J u n e 3 0 ,19 2 2 a n d 1923.
113 . R a i l w a y G r a n t s : A creag e ce rtified o r p a te n te d o n acco u n t o f r a ilw a y g ra n ts, b y S ta te s, y e a rs
en d ed J u n e 3 0 ,1 9 1 1 t o 1923__________________ ___________ ____________________________________ 113
1 14 . A c r e a g e of L a n d s C e r tifie d o r P ate n te d o n acco u n t o f r a ilw a y a n d w a g o n ro a d g ra n ts fro m
1850 to J u n e 3 0 ,1 9 2 3 — ................... .......................... ........................................................................... ......... 114
115. L a n d G r a n t s (I n clud in g S c rip ) to S t a t e s f o r E d ucatio n al a n d o th e r p u rp o ses t o J u n e 30,
1 9 2 3 , b y S t a t e s .............. ............... ......................................................................................... .............................
116. N a t io n a l P a r k s ad m in iste re d b y t h e n a tio n l p a rk se rv ic e a n d n a tio n a l m o n u m e n ts ad m in is­
te re d b y t h e n a tio n a l p a rk s erv ic e, t h e D e p a rtm e n t o f A g ric u ltu re , a n d t h e W a r D e p a rtm e n t,
b y n am e, lo ca tio n , d a te o f creatio n o r p ro clam a tio n , a n d a rea , w ith d e s c rip tio n ________________

110

ill

112

113

115

116

I R R I G A T I O N A N D D R A IN A G E
1 17 . G o v e r n m e n t I r r ig a t io n : T o ta l re ceip ts, fiscal y e a rs 1922 a n d 1923, a n d to J u n e 30, 1923, an d
d isb u rsem e n ts, collections, a n d n e t in v e s tm e n ts , fiscal y e a r 1923, a n d to J u n e 3 0 ,19 2 3 _________
1 18 . G o v e r n m e n t I r r ig a t io n : N e t co n stru c tio n co st (gross le s s m iscellan eo u s re v e n u e s ) a n d co n ­
tra c te d re p a y m e n ts b y p ro jects, fisca l y e a r 1923 a n d to J u n e 3 0 ,1 9 2 3 --------------------------------- _L„
119. G o v e r n m e n t I r r ig a t io n : N e t o p era tio n a n d m a in te n an ce co st (gross le ss m iscellan eou s re v e ­
nu es) b y p ro je cts, fisca l y e a r 1923 a n d to J u n e 3 0 ,19 2 3 ........... ............................................................... _
120. G o v e r n m e n t I r r ig a t io n : I rrig a b le , irrig a te d , a n d cro p p ed acreag e, a n d V alue o f crop s, b y
p ro je cts o f th e R ecla m a tio n S e rvice, 1922—................................. ...............................................................—_
121. G o v e r n m e n t I r r ig a t io n : Irrigab le, irrig a ted , a n d cropp ed acreage a n d v a lu e o f crops, 19 13 to
1923_____________________________________________________________ ___________ ______ ______—.........
122. C r o p s on I r r ig a t e d L a n d : A creage, p ro d u c tio n , a n d v a lu e o f specified cro p s o n irrig a te d la n d s
o n re c la m a tio n p ro je cts, 1921 a n d 1922............................................... ................. ............... ........................... _
123. G o v e r n m e n t I r r ig a t io n : S u m m a r y o f c o n stru ctio n w o rk d o n e, fisca l y e a r 1923 a n d to J u n e 30,
1923_________ _________________ _______ - _______________ *................................- ............................................
124. I r r ig at io n -—A ll P r o je c t s : S u m m a ry fo r t h e U n ite d S ta te s 19 10 a n d 1 9 2 0 ——....... ..................... ..
125. I r r ig at io n — A l l P r o je c t s : A re a irrig a te d 1909 a n d 1919 , a re a in c lu d e d i n e n terp rises a n d area
en terp rises w e re ca p ab le o f irrig a tin g , 19 10 a n d 1920, a n d c a p ita l in v e s te d 1920, b y ch a ra c te r o f
e n te r p r is e ------ —......... ............................................................................ .......................................— ............. ..
126. I r r ig a t io n —A l l P r o je c t s : A cre ag e irrig a te d 1902 an d 19 19 , acreag e e n te rp rise s w e re ca p ab le
o f irrig a tin g a n d acreage in c lu d e d i n en terp rises, 1920, m id c a p ita l in v e s te d 1902 a n d 1920,
b y d rain a ge b a sin s.................................................................... . .............................................................................
127. I r r ig a t io n : A re a in clu d ed in en terp rises, a re a en terp rises w e re ca p a b le o f irrig a tin g a n d ca p ita l
in v e s te d 19 10 a n d 1920; a re a irrig a te d a n d cost o f o p e ra tio n a n d m a in te n an ce 1909 a n d 1919, b y
S ta te s —
. . ................................................................................. ..............................................................................
128. I r r ig at io n : A creage, y ie ld a n d v a lu e o f crops g ro w n on irrig a te d la n d s , 1919___
129. I r r ig a t io n : A cre ag e a n d v a lu e o f crops g ro w n o n irrig a te d la n d s, b y S ta te s , 1 9 19 ..............
130. D r a in a g e o p F a r m L a n d s , a n d d ra in a g e en terp rises i n t h e U n ite d S ta te s , 1920...........
1 3 1. D r a in a g e E n t e r p r is e s : L a n d a n d c a p ita l in v e s te d , b y c h a ra c te r o f o rg an iz atio n , 1920......
132. D r a in a g e E n t e r p r is e s : L a n d , c a p ita l in v e s te d , a n d cost p e r a c re, b y d a te o f o rg an izatio n ,
1 9 2 0 .......................................................................................- ........................................- ............. ...........................
133. D r a in a g e of F a r m L a n d s an d drain a ge en terp rises: B y d ivisio n s a n d S ta te s , 1 9 2 0 ..— .................

119
120
121
122
123
123
124
124

125

125

126
127
128
128
129
129
130

F A R M S AND FA R M PRO PE RTY
134. P o pu latio n , F a r m s , a n d F a r m P r o p e r t y in C o n tin en tal U nited S t a t e s , 1850 a n d 1880
to 1920— ............. .................................................................................................................................................—
135. F a r m s in C on tin en tal U n ited S t a t e s b y size o f fa rm , a n d b y te n u re , a u d co lo r o f fa rm e r, 1880
to 1920.............................................................................................................................................................................
136. F a r m L a n d in C o n tin en tal U n ited S t a t e s : T o ta l a n d im p ro v e d b y s iz e o f fa rm , a n d b y
te n u re , a n d co lo r o f fa rm e r, 1900 to 1920............................. ........................................................................—
137. N u m b e r a n d A c r e a g e o f F a r m s , a ll la n d , im p ro v e d la n d , t o t a l acreage a n d acreage p e r fa rm
a n d p e rcen ta g e d is trib u tio n , b y S ta te s a n d geograp hic d iv isio n s, 1900 t o 1920........
138. F a r m P o pu lat io n a n d T o t a l P o pu lat io n , b y S ta te s a n d geograp hic d iv isio n s, 1 9 2 0 . .. ...........




131
132
133
134
136

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VH

T a b le
P age
139. N u m b e r o f F arm s b y S ize : B y geo grap h ic d ivisio n s, 1996 t o 1626 m id b y States? 1920.------- 137
140. V a l u e o f F a r m P r o p e r t y . A l l p r o p e r ty , la n d , b u ild in g s, im p le m e n ts a n d m a c h in e ry a n d
liv e s to c k , b y S ta te s a n d geo grap hic d ivisio n s, 1900 to 1 9 2 0 . . --------------138
141. A v e r a g e V a l u e p e r F a r m a n d p e r A c r e , b y S ta te s a n d geo g rap h ic d iv is io n s , 1 9 10 t o 1 9 2 0 .140
142. N u m b e r o f F a r m s b y T e n u r e a n d P e r c e n t a g e o f T o t al N u m b e r a n d T o t a l A c r e a g e
141
Op e r a t e d b y T e n a n t s , b y S ta te s a n d geograp hic d iv isio n s , 1 9 1 0 a n d 1926____ ________ _____
143. F a r m A c r e a g e , T o t al a n d I m p r o v e d , b y T e n u r e , b y S ta te s m sd .g eog raph ic d iv is io n s , 19 10
a n d 1 9 2 0 .__________________________ _________ ______________ __________________ _______ . _____— .
142
144. N u m b e r o f F a r m e r y C olor a n d N a t iv it y of F a r m e r , 1 9 1 0 a n d 1920, w ith acreage fo r 1620,
b y S ta te s a n d geo g rap h ic d iv is io n s ............... ......... ......................... ....................................... *.....................
143
146.
N u m b e r o f F a r m s b y C o lo r , N a t iv it y , a n d T e n u r e o f F a r m e r , 1910 a n d 1920, w ith acre­
age fo r 1920, b y geographic d iv is io n s ____________________ ______________- ......................................144
146. M o r t g a g e S t a t u s of F a r m s O w n e d b y O p e r a t o r , C o n tin e n ta l U n ite d S ta te s , 1890 to 1 9 2 0 .
144
147. M o r t g a g e S t a t u s of F a r m s O w n e d W h o l l y o r in P a r t b y t h e o p e ra to r, b y S ta te s a n d
geograp hic d ivisio n s, 19 10 a n d 1920.................................................................... ........................... ....................
145
148. M o r t g a g e D e bt of F a r m s Ow n e d W h o l l y b y th e O p e r a t o r , b y S ta te s a n d geographic
d ivisio n s, 19 10 a n d 1920.................................................................................................................................... . . .
146
149. F a r m E x p e n d it u r e s f o r L a b o r , F e r t il iz e r , a n d F e e d , b y S ta te s a n d g eo g rap hic d iv is io n s ,
1 9 19 _ ........... ....................................................................................................................... ...........................................
147
150. F a r m s R epo r t in g M otor V e h icle s , T e le ph o n e s , W a t e r , a n d L ig h t , b y S ta te s a n d geo­
g ra p h ic d iv isio n s, 1920........................................................ ................... ........... .......................... ................... —
148
151. A v e r a g e W a g e s o f M a l e F a r m L a b o r , b y S ta te s a n d geograp hic d iv isio n s, a n d b y classes,
1922
a n d 1923.................................. .................................................. — — ......................................................
149
152. A v e r a g e W a g e s o f M a l e F a r m L a b o r : T o ta l U n ite d S ta te s, 1 9 10 to 1923, a n d each geographic
d iv is io n , 1 9 1 6 ,1 9 1 3 , a n d I 9 2 0 t o 1923, b y classes__________________ _____________________ _____150
153. F a r m L a b o r : P ro p o rtio n o f each class t o t o ta l, b y geo g rap h ic d iv is io n s , 19 17 ....... .........................
150
154. F o r e ig n T r a d e o f th e U nited S t a t e s i n A g r ic u l t u r a l P ro d ucts , 1852 to 1923......................
151
155. A g r ic u l t u r a l E x p o r t s (D omestic ) o f the U n ited S t a t e s : V a lu e a n d d is trib u tio n b y con­
151
tin e n ts, 1 9 1 0 t o 1 9 2 3 ................................................................. ............................................................................. ..
156. A g r ic u l t u r a l E x p o r t s o f t h e U nited S t a t e s : A c t u a l v a lu e a n d v a lu e a t p r e w a r prices,
1926 t o 1923...............................................- ......................... ....................................................................................
152
157. E x p o r t s o f P r in cipal A g r icu ltu ral P ro d ucts : A c t u a l v a lu e a n d v a lu e a t p r e w a r p ric es,
1 9 10 t o 1914 a n d l9 2 0 t o l9 2 3 _ _ _ _ ............ ..........................................................................................................
152
I ® , C o m p a r a t iv e G r o w t h of P opulation a n d A g r ic u lt u r e , 1850 t o 1 9 2 0 ..........................................
153
159. COMPARBON OF PRICES OF AGRICULTURAL AND OTHER PRODUCTS AND FARM WAGES, 1890tO 1923.
153
F A R M A N IM A L S A N D A N IM A L P R O D U C T S
160. D o m estic A n im a l s : N u m b e r a n d v a lu e o f an im als o n ftarms fo r 1880, 1890, a n d 1900 t o 1 9 2 4 ..
161. D om estic A n im a l s in t h e U nited S t a t e s ; N u m b e r o n fa rm s a n d n o t o n fa rm s, a n d v a lu e
o f th o s e o n fa rm s, 1 6 10 a n d 1920.................................... .....................................................................................
162. D o m estic A n im a l s : N u m b er o n fa rm s , b y d iv is io n s a n d S t a t e s , 1 9 0 0 to -1 9 2 4 .____ _____________
163. D omrstet A n im a l s on F a r m s m t h e U nited S t a t e s , b y ag e a n d s e x : J a n u a r y 1, 1920___
184.
D om estic A n im a l s on F a r m s in the U n it e d S t a t e s : A v e ra g e s a n d ra tio s, 19 16 a n d 1920_
_
165. D o m e stic A n im a l s : R e c e ip ts a n d sh ip m e n ts a t p rin c ip a l in d iv id u a l m a rk e ts , av erag e s £961
t o 1920, a n d y e a rs 1920 t o 1923____________________ ______________________ ______ ___________ ____
166. D o m e st ic A n im a l s : ' t o t a l re c e ip ts a n d sh ip m e n ts a t n in e p r in c ip a l m a rk e ts , 1961 t o 1920...........
US. D o m e st ic A n im a l s : R eceipts, a n d Stocker a n d fe e d e r sh ip m e n ts a t a l l p u b lic s to c k y a rd s ,
a v e ra g e 1 916 -192 0, a n d y e a rs 1 9 1 9 t o 19 2 3 ............... .................... ......... .....................................................l „ .
168. D o m e st ic A n im a l s ; R e c e ip ts a t fo u r p rin c ip a l m a rk e ts , b y m o n th s, av erag e s 19 11 t o 1920 -and
y e a rs 19 2 1 t o 1923____ ___________________ _____________ _______- ______ _____________ ___________
MO. D o m estic A n im a l s : A v e ra g e fa rm p r ic e a n d a v e ra g e C h icag o m a rk e t p ric e, 19 11 t o 19 2 3 .--------170.
D o m e st ic A n im a l s ; M o n th ly a v e ra g e prices o f t y p ic a l grades a t C h icag o , a v erag e s 1 9 11 to 1920,
a n d y e a rs 1 9 2 1 to 19 2 3 ------------------------------------------------- ------------------ ------------------- ------------- £71. M e a t s : P ro d u c tio n , im p o rts , e xp o rts, a n d e s tim a te d c o n su m p tio n , a v e ra g e s 1 907 t o 1 9 % y e a rs
1920
t o 1923, a n d n u m b e r o f a n im a ls sla u g h te re d u n d e r F e d e ra l in s p e c tio n , £907 t o 1 9 2 3 .....
172. W h o l e s a l e P r ic e s o r M e a t s a n d A n im a l P roduct ^ 18 9 0 t o 1 9 2 5 .......................... ......................
173. L iv e st o c k P r o d u c t s o f F a r m s : S u m m a r y o f ce n su s s ta tis tic s fo r t h e U n ite d S ta te s , 1890 to
1 9 1 9 ____________________________________________ _____________________ ____ ________________ _
174. C h e e s e : C e n su s sta tistic s, o f p ro d u c tio n in t h e U n ite d S ta te s , a n d In le a d in g S ta te s , 1899-to 19 3 1.
175. M i l k P r o d u c e d a n d S old , 1909 a n d 1919 , a n d b u tt e r m a d e , 1899 t o 1921, b y S ta te s ; C e n s u s
s ta tis tic s _________ ________ ___________________________________ ________________ ______ ___________
176. M a n u f a c t u r e d D a i r y P r o d u cts : P )m d h »^ io n t^ d e 4a a ed ^ a flB ie ^ ea i^ id a r y e a m l9 l9 t Q l6 3 g ..
177. M i l k : P ro d u c tio n a n d u se s i n t h e U n ite d S ta te s , e s tim a te s 1 9 ® a n d I9B2L.___ ___________ _____
173. B u t t e r a n d C h e e s e : P ro d u c tio n , re c e ip ts a t le a d in g m a rk e ts , a n d co ld -storag e h o ld in g s,
m s t o m . .................................- ......................................................................................................___________
179.
Bu
FRASERt t e r a n d C h e e s e P r ic e s ; F a rm s a d w h o lesa le (N ew Y o r k ) , 19* 0 t o 1923 an d b y m o n th s
1913
t o 1923.............................................................................................................. ................................................

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180. Ol e o m a r g a r in e : U n ite d S ta te s t o ta l p ro d u ctio n for 1909 to 1923, b y S ta te s fo r 1921 to 1923, an d
m a teria ls used, 1921 t o 1 9 2 3 . ................... ............. .............................................................................................
181. P o u l t r y on F a r m s in the U nited S t a t e s : N u m b er, 1890 to 1920, a n d v a lu e , 19 10 a n d 1920,
182. C h ic k e n s on F a r m s : 1910 a n d 1920, a n d ch ickens ra ise d a n d eggs p ro d u ced , 1909 a n d 19 19 ,
b y d iv isio n s an d S t a t e s ...........................................................................................................................................
183. P o u l t r y : P rices a n d re ceip ts a t p rin c ip a l m a rk ets, y e a r ly av erag e 1914-1920, y e a rs 1920 to
1923, an d b y m o n th s fo r 1922 a n d 1923...............................................................................................................
184. E g g s : R eceip ts an d prices a t p rin c ip a l m a rk e ts, 1910 to 1923, a n d b y m o n th s 19 14 to 1923...........
185. C old -S t o r a g e H o ld in g s b y M o n th s , a v erag e 1916-1920 an d y e a rs 1922 a n d 1923................
186. W o o l : P rices, im p o rt v a lu e s , an d receip ts a t B o sto n , averages 1910 to 1920 a n d y e a rs 19 2 1,19 2 2 ,
an d 1923........................................................ - .................. ............. ................................... ................................. ........
187. W o o l : P ro d u ctio n , im p o rts a n d ex p o rts o f th e U n ited S ta te s 1839 t o 1923...........................................
188. W o o l : P ro d u ctio n b y S tates, 1921 to 1923....... ......................................................................................„..........
189. W ool C o n su m ed in M a n u f a c t u r e s : B y class an d grade, 19 2 F to 1923_.............................................

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170
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172
172
173
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F A R M C R O P S AND FO O D ST U FFS
190.
191.
192.
193.

E st im at e d V a l u e of F a r m P ro d ucts : 1897 to 1923____ ________ ___________ _____________ ______
Y e a r l y V a l u e p e r A cre o f 10 L e a d in g C r o p s C o m b in e d ; 1866 to 19 2 3 ........................... 175
A c r e a g e , P roduction , a n d V a l u e of A ll C r o p s in the U n ited S t a t e s : 1899,1909, a n d 19 19 .
C o m p a r a t iv e S t a t e m e n t S h o w in g I n c r e a se in V a l u e o f C r o p s b e tw e e n 1909 a n d I 9 19 re s u ltin g (1) fro m g rea te r p ro d u c tio n an d (2) fro m h ig h e r prices.......... ..............................................178
194. P e r c e n t ag e o f I m p r o v e d L an d a n d o f T o t a l C ro p A c r e a g e occup ied b y each p rin c ip a l
crop o r crop g ro u p , 1899, 1909, an d 1 9 1 9 ............................... ...................................................................... 179
195. T r u c k C r o p s : C o m m e rcia l acreage a n d p ro d u c tio n , 1918 t o 1923 a n d tw o le a d in g S ta te s p ro ­
d u cin g e a ch cro p i n 1923........................................................................................................................... .............
196. A g g r e g a t e V a l u e of F a r m C r o p s b y S t a t e s , 1919, a n d 1921 to 1923.................................................
197. A c r e a g e , P roduction , a n d V a l u e o f P rin c ipal C r o p s f o r th e U n ited S t a t e s a s .a W h o l e ,
1866 t o 1923................... ................... ........................................................................................................181
198. C otton a n d C o t t o n se e d : A re a , p ro d u c tio n , a n d fa rm v a lu e b y S ta te s, av erag e s 1909 to 1913,
y e a rs 1913 to 1923................................................ ..................................................................................._................
199. C o r n : A re a , p ro d u c tio n , a n d fa rm v a lu e , b y S ta te s ; averag e s 1909 t o 1918, y e a rs 1921 t o 1 9 2 3 .* .
200. W h e a t : A re a , p ro d u c tio n , a n d fa rm v a lu e b y S ta te s ; av erag e s 1909 t o 1918, y e a rs 1921 t o 1 923.
20 1. O a t s : A re a , p ro d u c tio n , a n d fa rm v a lu e , b y S ta te s ; averages 1909 t o 1918, y e a rs 1921 to 19 2 3 .._
202. B a r l e y : A re a , p ro d u c tio n , a n d fa rm v a lu e , b y S ta te s; averag e s 1909 t o 1918, y e a rs 1921 to 1923—
203. R y e a n d R ic e : A re a , p ro d u c tio n , a n d fa rm v a lu e , b y S ta te s; averag e s 1909 to 1918, y e a rs 1921
to 1923................ ........... ................. - - - - - ................................................. ..................................... ..........................
204. P o tatoes ; A re a , p ro d u ctio n , a n d fa rm v a lu e , b y S ta te s; av erag e s 1909 to 1918, y e a rs 1921 to
1923..... ............................................................................................- ..............- ..............- ..............................................
205. S w e e t P o t a t o e s a n d T o bacco : A re a , p ro d u c tio n , a n d fa rm v a lu e , b y S ta te s ; a v era g e s 1909
to 1918, y e a rs 1921 to 1923.............................................................................- ..............................- _______ — .
206. T a m e H a y : A re a , p ro d u ctio n , a n d fa rm v a lu e , b y S ta te s; av erag e 19 16 t o 1920 a n d y e a rs 1922
a n d 1923....................... ..........................................................................................................—
..............................
207. W il d H a y : A re a , p ro d u c tio n , a n d fa rm v a lu e , b y S ta te s ; a v e ra g e 1 9 16 t o 1920, y e a rs 1922 a n d
1 923............. ....................................................................................- ...................................................................... ..
208. M in o r C r o p s : A re a , p ro d u ctio n , a n d fa rm v a lu e fo r p rin c ip a l p ro d u cin g S ta te s ; a v e ra g e 1916
to 1920, y e a rs 1922 a n d 19 2 3 ................................................................... ................................- _______________
209. O rch ar d C r o p s : P ro d u c tio n b y S ta te s ; 1909, 1919, 1922, a n d 1923...........................................................
210. O rch ar d C r o p s : P ro d u c tio n o f th e U n ite d S ta te s (app les, peach es, p e a rs), 1891 t o 1923...............
211. O r c h ar d C r o p s : F a rm prices p e r b u sh e l (a p p les, peach es, a n d p e ars), b y S ta te s , 1910, 1919,
1922,
an d 1923— ............................ .........................................................- ..............- ......................................
212. S u g a r B e e t s a n d B e e t S u g a r : P ro d u c tio n i n t h e U n ite d S ta te s, to ta ls , 1901 to 1923, b y S ta te s ,
1916
to 1923..............................................................................................................................................................
213. L o u isia n a S u g a r C a n e , C a n e S u g a r , a n d M o l a s s e s , 1901 to 1 923......... ..........................................
214. H a w a iia n C a n e an d C a n e S u g a r , 1901 to 1 9 2 3 ........................................................................................
215. M a p l e S u g a r an d S ir u p : T o ta l p ro d u c tio n selected y e a rs 1859 to 1923, an d p ro d u c tio n b y
S ta te s , 1921 to 1923.....................................................................................................................................................
216. S u g a r C a n e an d S ir u p in S o u th e rn S t a t e s : T o ta l p ro d u c tio n 19 18 to 1923, a n d p ro d u c ­
tio n b y S ta te s, 1922 a n d 19 2 3 ....................................................................... - ................................- ......................
217. S u g a r P roduction of th e U n ited S t a t e s a n d it s P o sse ssio n s a n d o f th e W o r ld , av erag e s
1856-57 t o 1 9 10 -11 , y e a rs 1901-2 to 1923-2 4............. ..........................................................................................
218. S u g a r : Sources o f s u p p ly a n d a p p a re n t d o m estic co n su m p tio n o f C o n tin e n ta l U n ite d S ta te s,
w ith w h o lesa le prices, 1866 to 19 2 3 ............. ..............................................—............................- ........................
219. W h e a t : S u p p ly a n d d is trib u tio n i n th e U n ite d S ta te s, 1900-0 1 t o 1 9 2 3 -2 4 ..-------------- . . . . . . . . . .
220. D om estic E x p o r t s a n d T o t a l I m po r t s of W h e a t , co rn , ric e , tob acco , a n d flaxseed , a n d im ­
o rts o f s ilk
Digitized forpFRASER a n d cocoa, averag es 1852 to 1916, y e a rs 1901 to 1923------------------------------- --------------



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221. C o tto n seed a n d C o t to n seed P ro d ucts : P ro d u c tio n , v a lu e , a n d ex p o rts, to ta ls , 18 8 1 t o 1923,
a n d b y S ta te s , 19 2 3 ............. _..........................................................- ........................................ ..............................
222. C otton P roduction , C o n sum ptio n , E x p o r t s , an d N et I m po r t s : I n te rm s o f e q u iv a le n t
500-pound b a les, gross w e ig h t, an d av e rag e p ric e o f u p la n d c o tto n , 1790 to 1923—.................. —
223. E x p o r t s o f D o m e st ic C otton a n d L in t e r s to P r in cipal C o u n t r ie s , av erag e s 1866 t o 1920,
y e a rs 1910 t o 1923 „ _ ........ ..................................................... ............... ..............................................—................
224. C o ffe e a n d T e a : I m p o rts, n e t im p o rts , a n d av erag e im p o rt prices, 1830 t o 1 9 2 3 ._____________
225. C r u d e R u b b e r : W o rld p ro d u ctio n , U n ite d S ta te s im p o rts, exp o rts, a n d am o u n t re ta in e d fo r
c o n su m p tio n , a n d price, 1900 t o 1923, a n d cru d e ru b b e r re ta in e d i n th e p rin c ip a l ru b b e r co n ­
su m in g co u n tries, selected ye ars, 1913 to 1 9 2 3 ............... .............................................................._................
226. Y e a r l y W e ig h ted A v e r a g e F a r m P ric e s of S pecified C r o p s , 19 13 -14 to 1922-23______ ____
227. G r a in P r ic e s : W e ig h te d av erag e m a rk e t p rice per b u sh el o f re p o rte d cash sales, av erag e s 1909
to 1920, y e a rs 1909-10 to 1922-2 3...........................................................................................................................
228. V is ib l e S u p p l y of G r a in (w h e a t, co rn, o ats) i n t h e U n ite d S ta te s , re p o rte d o n t h e S a tu r d a y
n e a re st t h e 1 s t o f each m o n th : A v e ra g e s 1909 to 1920, y e a rs 1920-21 to 1923-24.................. ...........
229. G r a in R eceipts a t S i x A tlantic S e a b o a r d P o r t s , 1 9 1 0 ,1 9 1 5 , a n d 1919 to 1923_____________
230. G r a in R e c e ip t s (w h ea t, c o rn , o ats) a t p r im a ry m a rk e ts, b y cro p y e a rs , av erag es 1909 to 1920,
a n d y e a rs 1921 t o 1923----------- ------------------------------------ ------------------ ---------- — -----------------------231. F r e ig h t R a t e s : A n n u a l averag es o n w h e a t b y la k e a n d ca n al, b y la k e a n d ra il, a n d b y a ll r a il
fr o m C h icag o t o N e w Y o r k , a n d fro m N e w Y o r k t o L iv e rp o o l b y s te a m , 1881 to 1923...............
23 2. F r e ig h t R a t e s o n w h e a t fro m B u ffa lo to N e w Y o r k a n d e le v a tin g a n d sto rag e ra te s a t B u ffa lo ,
1891
t o 1922........ ............. ............................- .......................................................................................................
233. F r e ig h t R a t e s : G ra in , flo u r, an d p ro v isio n s, C hicago t o E u ro p e a n p o rts, b y a ll r a il t o N e w
Y o r k , a n d th en c e b y ste am e r, selected y e a rs 1900 t o 1923............... .........................................................

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221
221
222
222
223
223
224

F O R E ST S AN D FO R E ST P R O D U C T S
234. F o r e s t s : E stim a te d origin al a n d p resen t areas, g row ing area, a n n u a l g ro w th , a n d p resen t
s ta n d , b y regions, a b o u t 1920....................... ....................................... ............ ............................................_ __
225
235. S tand of S a w T im b e r (E stim ated ) , B y species an d regions, a b o u t 1920................
226
236. N a t io n a l F o r e s t s : A re a a n d a m o u n t o f sta n d in g tim b e r o f fo rests i n each S ta te , J u n e 30, 1922.
226
227
237. N a t io n a l F o r e s t s : A re a o f each in d iv id u a l fo rest as o f Ju n e 30, 1923, b y S ta te s —........... ............
238. F o r e st L a n d s A cq uired or A p p r o v e d f o r P u r c h a se U n d e r W e e k s L a w , b y S ta te s ,
J u n e 3< M 923................................... ........................................................ - ................. - ........................................
22$
228
239. N a t io n a l F o r e s t s : S ta tistic s o f op eratio n s, y e a rs en d ed J u n e 3 0 ,1 9 1 7 to 1922—...................... —
240. F o r e st F i r e s : N u m b er, area, dam age, a n d causes, a n n u a l av erag e 1916 -192 2, a n d y e a r 1922—.
229
24 1. L u m b e r P roduction ; T o ta l 1869, 1879, 1889, 1899, a n d 1904 t o 1922, a n d b y species, 1899, 1909,
1914, a n d 19 19 to 1 922......................................................................................................... ....................................
230
242. L u m b e r : Q u a n tity c u t in th e U n ite d S ta te s, b y S ta te s, 1879, 1 8 8 9 ,18 9 9 , 1 9 0 9 ,1 9 1 4 , a n d 1919
to 1922...................................................... - ........................................... ........................................................................
231
243. E st im at e d Q u a n t it y of T im b e r R e m o v e d A n n u a lly f r o m F o r e st s of the U nited
S t a t e s : B a sed m a in ly u p o n averag e s o f p rod u ctio n w ith in th e p e riod 1 9 12 -19 2 1___ __________
232
244. L u m b e r : C o m p o site prices, 1921, 1922, a n d 1923, b y m o n th s -----------232
245. L u m b e r : A v e ra g e m i ll v a lu e , b y species, fo r specified y e a rs , 1899 t o 1922.............................................
233
246. V e n e e r s : T im b e r co nsum ed in m a n u factu rin g ven eers, 1909, 1919, a n d 1921, b y S ta te s a n d b y
k in d s o f w o o d ....... ........... ............................. - ....................................................................... —................................
233
247. L ath a n d S h in g l e s : P ro d u c tio n , t o t a l a n d b y S ta te s, selected y e a rs 1899 t o 1922—................... —
234
248. C o o p e r a g e S t o c k : P ro d u c tio n o f sta v e s, h ead in g , a n d hoop s, to ta l, a n d b y S ta te s a n d k in d o f
w o o d , selected y e a rs 1909 to 1 9 2 1 _ „ ...................................... ................. ..........................................................
234
249. P u l p W o o d : C o n su m p tio n b y m ills, t o t a l a n d b y k in d s o f w o o d a n d b y processes, a n d m ill
cost, selected y e a rs , 1899 to 1922....................... ........... ................- ________________ _____- ..........................
235
250. W ood P u lp P r o d u ctio n : T o ta l a n d b y S ta te s a n d processes, selected y e a rs , 1899 to 1922_____
235
25 1. T u r pe n t in e a n d R osin P roduction in the U nited S t a t e s , selected y e a rs, 1899 to 1922___
236
252. P a p e r a n d W ood P u l p : S u m m a ry o f C en su s sta tistic s o f p ro d u ctio n , 1 9 1 4 ,1 9 1 9 , a n d 1 9 2 1 .— 236
F IS H E R I E S
253. Q u an t it y a n d V a l u e o f the P ro d u cts of the F ish e r ie s o f S pecified S ectio n s : B y cal­
e n d a r y e a rs in d ic a te d , 1880 to 1922...............................—................................. ................................................
254. F is h e r ie s : P erso n s en gaged, vessels a n d b o ats e m p lo y e d , c a p ita l in v e s te d , a n d q u a n t ity a n d
v a lu e o f p ro d u c ts: B y section s an d y e a rs s p e c ifie d .—..................... ..............................................—
255. Q u an tity a n d V a l u e o f F is h e r y P roducts L an d e d a t B oston an d G lo u c e st e r , M a s s .,
a n d P o rtlan d , M e ., b y F ish ing V e s s e l s : B y species,* 19 15 t o 1923, a n d b y p o rts a n d
species* 1921 t o 1923............ ..........................................................- ..................................- ..............................
256. Q u a n t it y a n d V a l u e o f F is h e r y P ro d u cts L a n d e d a t S e attle , W a s h ., b y A m e r ic an
F ish in g a n d C ollecting V e s s e l s : B y species, 1920 to 1923............. ........... .............................. ....... ;
257. P ro ducts o f th e F ish e r ie s o f C a l if o r n ia : B y species, 1920 t o 1 9 2 2 ......................................—
258. C a n n e d F is h e r y P ro d u cts a n d B y -pro d u cts o f the U nited S t a t e s a n d A l a s k a , 1921
for FRASER
t o 1923.................................... .......................................................................................................................................

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259. C a n n e d S al m o n O u t pu t , U nited S t a t e s a n d A l a s k a : Q u a n tity' an d v a lu e , b y species,
1921 to 1923................. ....................................................- ............. .............. ................. - ............................................
260. A l a s k a F is h e r ie s : O u tp u t a n d prices o f can n ed sa lm o n , b y species, 1910 t o 1923........................
261. A l a s k a F is h e r ie s : Q u a n tity a n d v a lu e o f p ro d u cts, 1 9 1 0 ,1 9 1 5 , a n d 1921 to 1923................ ..........
262. F ish P r o pa g a t io n : S u m m a ry o f o u tp u t o f fish eggs, f r y , a n d fingerling s, b y t h e U n ite d S ta te s
B u re a u o f F isheries, to ta ls, 1895 to 1923, a n d b y species, 1922 a n d 1923........................ _L------------

242
243
243
244

E L E C T R IC L IG H T A N D P O W E R
263. C e n t r a l E lectric S t a t io n s : E q u ip m e n t, em p lo yees, o u tp u t, a n d sales o f a l l s ta tio n s com ­
b in e d , 1 9 0 7 ,19 1 2 ,1 9 1 7 , a n d 1922, a n d o f com m ercial, m u n ic ip a l, a n d h y d ro e le c tric sta tio n s, 1922.
264. C e n t r a l E lectric S t a t io n s : S ta tis tic s o f co m m ercial a n d m u n ic ip a l p la n ts , 1922, w ith cu r­
r e n t g en erated , 1 9 0 7 ,1 9 1 2 ,1 9 1 7 , a n d 1922, a n d av e ra g e r a t e p e r k ilo w a tt h o u r, 19 17 a n d 1 9 2 2 ..
265. F in an c ial S tatistics o f A l l C e n t r a l E lectric S tatio n s C o m b in e d : 1 9 0 7 ,19 1 2 ,1 9 1 7 , an d 1922,
a n d o f co m m e rcial a n d m u n ic ip a l sta tio n s, 1922_________ ______ __________ ___________________
266. E lectricity P r o d u ced a n d C on su m ptio n o f F u e l T h e r e in b y P u blic U tility P o w e r
P l a n t s : 1 9 19 t o 1923— .........................................................- ....................................... ............... - ............. —

245
246
248
248

M I N IN G A N D M IN E R A L P R O D U C T S
267. T o t al V a l u e o f M i n e r a l P ro d ucts o f the U nited S t a t e s : F iv e -y e a r averag es, 1881 to
1920,
a n d y e a r ly , 19 6 1 to 1923..........................................................................................................................
268. Y e a r l y A v e r a g e P r ic e s of P r in c ip a l N o n t e r r o u s M e t a l s : 1895 t o 1 9 2 3 .................................
269. S u m m a r y o f P rin cipal S tatistics : A l l m in e s a n d q u a rrie s p rod u cin g a n d non p rod u cin g , 1 9 1 9 ..
270. C o m p a r a t iv e S u m m a r y , A l l P ro d u cin g M in e s a n d Q u a r r ie s C o m b in e d ; 1 8 8 9 ,19 0 2 ,1 9 0 9 ,
a n d 1 9 1 9 ,..................... ....................................... ..................................................... ................................................. „
27 1. S ize o f P roducin g E st a b l ish m e n t s , b y V a l u e o f P ro d u cts a n d b y A v e r a g e N u m b e r
of W a g e E a r n e r s : F o r a ll in d u strie s an d fo r fo u r p rin c ip a l in d iv id u a l in d u s trie s , 1 9 1 9 . . , . ,
272. H o u r s o f L a b o r i n m in e s a n d q u a rrie s i n 1 9 1 9 ............................................................................... . .......
273. C o m p a r a t iv e S u m m a r y , A ll P ro d ucin g M in e s a n d Q u a r r ie s , b y I n d u st r ie s a n d b y
G e o g r aph ic D iv is io n s a n d S t a t e s : 1909 a n d 1919.................................. ...........................
274. P r in c ipa l M in e r a l P ro d u cts o f the U nited S t a t e s , Q u a n t it y a n d V a l u e : 1 9 1 0 ,1 9 1 5 , a n d
1920
t o 1 9 2 3 . .................................................................. ........... ................................................ ....................... ..
275. A l u m in u m a n d B a u x i t e : P ro d u c tio n , ex p o rts, an d im p o rts, 1 9 17 to 1923. _____ __________ _____
276. C o p p e r : S u m m a r y o f p ro d u c tio n , re fin in g , exp orts, im p o rts, an d co n su m p tio n in th e U n ite d
S ta te s , 1 9 1 0 ,1 9 1 5 , a n d 19 18 t o 1923................................... ..................................................................
277. C o p p e r : S m e lte r o u tp u t in t h e U n ite d S ta te s—to ta l p ro d u c tio n 1845 to 1923, a n d b y S ta te s for
1 9 0 0 ,1 9 1 0 ,1 0 1 5 , a n d 19 19 to 1 9 2 2 ._ .._ ................................................................ ................................................
278. C o p p e r : W o r ld ’s p ro d u c tio n o f co p p e r, b y co n tin e n ts a n d le a d in g co u n tries, 1 9 1 1 ,1 9 1 5 , a n d
19 18
t o 1 9 2 2 . ...................................................................... ............. ..................................... . A _____________
279. G o ld a n d S il v e r f o r U s e in M a n u f a c t u r e s an d th e A r t s : 1880 to 1922_____ ______ _______
280. S il v e r : P ric e a n d v a lu e o f s ilv e r i n th e d o lla r, 1835 to 1922— ........................................ .....................
28 1. G o ld a n d S i l v e r : P ro d u c tio n fro m m in e s i n t h e U n ite d S ta te s (in clu d in g A la s k a a n d P h ilip ­
p in e Isla n d s), to ta ls fo r p eriod o r y e a r 1792 to 1923 a n d b y S ta te s fo r 191Q, 1915, an d 1921 t o 1923.
282. G o ld a n d S i l v e r : W o rld p ro d u c tio n ; to ta ls fo r period, o r y e a r, 1493 to 1922____ . . . . ________. . .
283. G o ld a n d S il v e r : P ro d u c tio n b y c o n tin e n ts an d lea d in g co u n tries 1 9 1 0 ,1 9 1 5 , a n d 1921 a n d 1 9 2 2 .
284. L e a d ; P ro d u c tio n a n d v a lu e o f refin ed le a d in t h e U n ite d S ta te s, to ta ls fo r selected y e a rs , 1825
t o 1923, m id d istrib u tio n b y k in d a n d so urce w ith av erag e p rice a n d p ro d u c tio n o f a n tim o n ia l
le a d fo r selected y e a rs, 1876 to 1923. .................................................................... ........... .................................
285. L e a d : P rim a ry le a d sm elted o r re fin ed in t h e U n ite d S ta te s, b y sources, 1 9 1 0 ,1 9 1 5 , a n d 1918 to

1922

............................................................ ................................ ......................... .

286. L e a d : A p p a re n t c o n su m p tio n o f re fin e d p r im a r y le a d , re fin e ry sto ck s d isreg a rd ed , 1 9 1 0 ,1 9 1 5 ,
a n d 19 18 to 1 9 2 2 ........................................................................................ .............................................., ...............
287. Zin c : M in e p ro d u c tio n b y S ta te s , sm e lte r p ro d u c tio n b y so u rce o f o re , a n d p r im a ry zin c con­
s u m e d , 1 9 1 0 ,1 9 1 5 , a n d 1919 t o 1922.................................................................... ....................................263
288. I ron O r e : P ro d u c tio n , sh ip m en ts, e x p o rts, a n d im p o rts, 1881 to 1923, a n d p ro d u c tio n b y regions,
S ta te s , a n d k in d s fo r 1915 an d 1921 to 1 9 2 3 ........... .........................................................................................
289. I ro n O r e : P ro d u c tio n b y co u n tries, 1913 a n d 1920 to 1922................... ............................... .....................
290. P ig I r o n : T o ta l p ro d u c tio n in th e U n ite d S ta te s , 1810 to 1900_____ .____ ,__________ ;___________
291. I ron a n d S t e e l : P ro d u c tio n , exp orts, a n d im p o rts (p ig iro n in c lu d in g fe rro -allo ys) a n d p ro ­
d u c tio n o f ste el ingots a n d castings i n th e U n ite d S ta te s , 1871 t o 1 9 2 3 . ..___ . . . . ____________
292. A n a l y s is o f P ig I ro n P r o d u ctio n : P ro d u c tio n b y S ta te s , b y d isp o sitio n , b y k in d s , b y fu e l
u se d a n d m a te ria ls u se d i n p ro d u c tio n , 1900, 1905, 1910, 1913, 1915 , a n d 1 926 t o
293. I r o n a n d S t e e l : S ta tis tic s o f m a n u fa c tu re , b la s t fu rn a c e s a n d s t e e lw o r k s a n d ro llin g m ills ,
census y e a rs 1879 t o 1921______ _________ _______ ____________ _____ ___________________________ _
294. S te e l I n go ts a n d C a s t in g s : P ro d u c tio n , b y g ra d e s, selected y e a rs , 1890 to 1923____________ _
295. S t e e l P r o d u c t s , R olled a n d M is c e l l a n e o u s ; P ro d u c tio n , 1965, 1 9 1 0 ,1 9 1 3 , 1 9 1 5 , a n d 1926
to 1 9 2 2 ...................................................................................................................................................... ...................




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CONTENTS
T a b le
P age
296. F in ish e d R o lle d I eo n a n d S t e e l : P ro d u c tio n , exp o rts, a n d im p o rts , sele cte d y e a rs , 1875
t o 1 9 2 3 - _________________________ _________________ _________________ L . . i ......... ......... ......................
297. I ro n a n d S t e e l : S u m m a r y o f C e n s u s S tatistics o f P ro d u cts o f ste el w o rk s a n d ro llin g
m ills, an d o f th e w ire (in clu d in g co p p er an d o th e r w ire s ), tin. a n d ta m e p la te , a n d ca st-iro n
p ip e in d u s trie s , 1914, 1919, an d 1 9 2 1 ................................ ...............................................................................
298. P r o d u cts o f B r a s s , B r o n ze , C o p p e r , a n d O th e r M e t a l s : S u m m a r y o f census s ta tis tic s o f
p ro d u c tio n , 1919 a n d 1 9 2 1 ..................................................................................... .........................................
299. W orld P roduction o f P ig I ron a n d S t e e l I ngots a n d C a st in g s , 19 13 a n d 19 19 t o 1 9 2 3 .,
300. I ron an d S t e e l : A v e ra g e a n n u a l p rices, 1888 to 1923..............................
30 1. I ro n a n d S t e e l : E x p o rts, b y specified classes, 1922 a n d 1 923______
302. I ro n a n d S t e e l : E x p o rts o f a ll p ro d u c ts, b y co u n tries o f d e s tin a tio n , 1922 m id 1 9 2 3 . . ..................
303. C o a l : P ro d u c tio n o f a n th ra c ite a n d b itu m in o u s, q u a n t i t y , 1821 to 1923, a n d v a lu e , 1905 to
1923; also b itu m in o u s b y S ta te s , se le c te d y e a rs a n d period s, 1880 t o 1923................... ................
304. C o a l : E x p o rts fro m a n d im p o rts in to t h e U n ite d S ta te s , a n th ra c ite a n d b itu m in o u s , selected
y e a rs , 1 8 9 0 to 1923......................... ............................................. .............................................................................
305. C o a l : S h ip m e n ts o f a n th ra c ite a n d b itu m in o u s co al, co k e m a d e , av e ra g e v a lu e p e r to n , m e n
e m p lo y e d ,-d a y s w o rk ed , a n d a v erag e to n n ag e p e r m a n , selected y e a rs , 1890 t o 1922...............
306. F u e l o r B u n k e r G o a l L a d e n on V e s s e l s E n g a g e d in th e F o r e ig n T r a d e , 1907 to 1 9 2 3 ..
307. C o a l : L a b o r s tr ik e s in c o a l m in e s, m e n o n s tr ik e , d a y s lo s t, a n d a v e ra g e d a y s lo s t p e r m a n , 1990
t o 1922, a n d b y S ta te s , 1919 to 1922 ......................................................................................................... 274
308. C o a l : A v e ra g e an d re la tiv e prices in to n lo ts , a n th ra c ite a n d b itu m in o u s , 1913 to 1923.................
309. C o a l : R e ta il p ric e for ho u seh old u se in selected cities o n J a n u a r y 1 5 ,1 9 2 0 to 1922, a n d o n J a n u ­
a r y 1 5 a n d J u l y 1 6 ,1 9 2 3 ................................................................... ........................................................, .........
310. C o k e : P ro d u c tio n (b eeh ive a n d b y -p ro d u c t), v a lu e , e x p o rts, a n d im p o rts , 1896 t o 1923...............
3 1 1. C o k e : B y -p ro d u c t a n d b e eh ive p ro d u c tio n , b y S ta te s , 1 9 1 5 ,1 9 1 9 , a n d 1920 t o 1923_____ _______
312. N a t u r a l G a s a n d N a t u r a l -G a s G a so l in e : P ro d u c tio n a n d v a lu e , 1906 t o 1922, a n d fey
S ta te s , 1 9 1 5 ,1 9 1 8 ,1 9 2 1 , a n d 1 9 2 2 ............................ ..................... ......................................................................
3 13 . A s p h a l t r P ro d u c tio n , exp orts, a n d im p o rts , 1 9 0 5 ,1 9 1 0 ,1 9 1 5 , a n d 1920 t o 1922................... .............
314. P e t r o l e u m : P ro d u c tio n , e x p o rts, a n d im p o rts o f c ru d e , m id ex p o rts o f re fin ed p ro d u c ts , 1861
t o 1923........... ................................... ......................................................... .................................................................
315. F u e l o r B u n k e r G il L a d e n o n V e s s e l s E n g a g e d in th e F o r e ig n T r a d e , 19 15 t o 1923___
3 1 6 . P e t r o l e u m : Stoefes o f c ru d e o il, 1909 to 1 9 2 3 ............................................ ......................................................
317. P e t r o l e u m : U n ite d S ta te s p ro d u c tio n o f c ru d e, b y regio ns a n d ^ States, a n d a p p ro x im a te
w o rld p ro d u c tio n b y c o u n trie s , s e le c te d y e a rs a n d p e rio d s, 1889 t o 1923, w ith t o t a l p ro d u c­
tio n sin ce 1 857.................................................................................... .......... ............................................... ...........
3 1 8 . P e t r o l e u m : I n d ic a te d c o m su m p tio n o f d o m estic a n d im p o rte d c ru d e o il, 1915 to 1923...........
3 1 9 . P e t r o l e u m P r o d u c t s : O il r u n to s tills , o u tp u t o f re fin eries, sto c k s , e x p o rts, a n d a p p a re n t
co n su m p tio n o f p ro d u c ts, 1918 t o 1923, a n d d is trib u tio n fey regio n s, 1 923____ _________ _______
320. P e t r o l e u m P ip e L in e s , to ta ls , 1920 t o 1922, a n d b y co m p an ies, 1 9 2 2 .................................................
321. P e t r o l e u m : P ric e s o f c ru d e a n d re fin e d p ro d u c ts, 1913 t o 1923, a n d fey m o n th s , 1923_________
322. S t o n e : P ro d u c tio n (so ld ), fey v a rie tie s a n d u se s, 1918 t o 1922............... ...................................................
323. S a l t : P ro d u c tio n (a rid ), to ta l, a n d b y S ta te s a n d k in d s ; also e x p o rts a n d im p o rts , selected y e a rs ,
1880
t o 1922..................................... ................................... .............................................................................
324. P o r t lan d C e m e n t : P ro d u c tio n b y S ta te s , sh ip m e n ts, sto c k s, ex p o rts, a n d im p o rts , selected
y e a rs, 1900 t o 1 9 2 3 ............................................................................ .......................................................................
325. P o r tlan d C e m e n t : T o ta l sh ip p ed fro m ce m en t p la n ts a n d sh ip m e n ts t o S ta te s (a p p a re n t
c o n s u m p tio n ), 1 9 2 0 ,1 9 2 1 , a n d 1922...............................................................1 ....................................................
326. C e m e n t P r o d u ctio n : Q u a n tity fey k in d s m id t o t a l v a lu e , 1880 t o 1923 .............................................
327. A ccid en ts : N u m b e r o f m e n e m p lo y e d , k ille d , a n d in ju re d in a l l nam es, m e ta llu rg ic a l w o rk s,
a n d co k e o v e n s in t h e U n ite d S ta te s , selected y e a rs , 19 11 t o 1 9 © —. , ........................................... ..
328. C l a y P r o d u c t s : P ro d u c tio n a n d v a lu e , 1919 to 1922___________ ___________ _____________ _______
32 9 . A ccident R a t e s in D if f e r e n t B r a n c h e s o f M in e r a l I n d u st r ie s in 1 9 2 2 co m p a red o n a 300d a y b asis (le n g th o f s h ift n o t c o n sid e re d )............................... ........................................................................
3 3 0 . A ccid en ts in M i n e s , Q u a r r i e s , C o k e O v e n s , an d S m eltin g a n d O r e -D r e s s in g P l a n t s ,
b y cau ses, selected y e a rs , 1915 to 1923____________________ _______________ ____________ ________

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273
273

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M AN UFACTURES
831. M a n u f a c t u r e s : S u m m a r y , 1849 to 1921.......................... ..........................*................. - ............. ....................
332.
M a n u f a c t u r e s : E sta b lish m en ts classified acco rding to a v e ra g e n u m b e r o f w a g e ea rn e rs, 1919
a n d 1 9 2 1 ......... ......................................................................................... .........................................- — - ................
833. M a n u f a c t u r e s : P rim e m o vers, e le c tric m o to rs, an d h o rsep ow er, 190% 1 914 , a rid 1 9 19 --------------334. M a n u f a c t u r e s : F u e l u se d , b y k in d s, 1914 a n d 1919......... ......................... .........................................
$35. M a n u f a c t u r e s : B y c h a ra c te r o f o w n e rsh ip o f th e esta b lish m e n t, 1904, 1909, 1914, a n d 1 9 19 —
336. M a n u f a c t u r e s : B y size o f e sta b lish m e n t as m easu red fey v a lu e o f p ro d u cts, 1904, 1909, 1914 ,
1919,
an d 1 9 2 1 ....................................................................... ........... ....................................................................
Digitized 33 7. FRASERc t u r e s : S u m m a r y b y general in d u s tria l groups, 1 9 0 4 ,1 9 0 9 ,1 9 1 4 ,1 9 1 9 , a n d 19 2 1 ..............
for M a n u f a



XI

289
290
290
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29 2

XII

CONTENTS

T a b le
P age
338. M a n u f a c t u r e s : S u m m a ry for in d iv id u a l in d u stries, 1 9 1 4 ,1 9 1 9 , a n d 1921_ _ _ _ .-...............................
294
339. M a n u f a c t u r e s : S u m m a ry b y S ta te s an d geographic d ivisio n s, 1 9 0 4 ,1 9 0 9 ,1 9 1 4 ,1 9 1 9 , a n d 1921 _ 314
340. F ood P r o d u c t s : S u m m a r y o f census s ta tistic s o f m a te ria ls a n d p ro d u c ts , 1 9 1 4 ,1 9 1 9 , an d 1 9 2 1 ,
323
341. T e x t il e I n d u s t r y : R a w m a te ria ls a n d y a rn s u sed b y a ll b ran c h es co m b in ed , 1914 a n d 1 9 1 9 . 3 2 5
342. T e x t il e M a n u f a c t u r e s : S u m m a ry o f census sta tistic s o f p ro d u c ts, 1 9 1 4 ,1 9 1 9 , a n d ;1921k;« ^ ...
326
343. B oots a n d S h o e s , L e a t h e r G l o v e s a n d M itten s , L e a t h e r T a n n e d , C u r r ie d , an d
F in ish e d : S u m m a ry o f census sta tistic s o f m a teria ls u sed a n d p ro d u c ts, 1 9 1 4 ,1 9 1 9 , a n d 1921.
329
344. P rin tin g a n d P u b l ish in g : S u m m a ry o f census sta tistic s o f p ro d u cts, 1 9 1 4 ,1 9 1 9 , a n d 1 9 2 1 ...
330
345. R u b b e r I n d u s t r y : S u m m a ry o f census sta tistic s o f p ro d u cts, 1 9 1 4 ,1 9 1 9 , a n d 1921......................
330
346. V ehicles a n d A ir c r a f t : S u m m a ry o f census sta tistic s o f p ro d u ctio n , 1914, 1919, an d 1921___
331
347. E lectrical M a c h in e r y , A p p a r a t u s , a n d S u p p l ie s : S u m m a ry o f eensus s ta tistic s o f p rod u c­
tio n , 1914, 1919 , an d 1921...................- ....................................................................................................................
332
348. E n g in e s , W a t e r W h e e l s , a n d L o co m o tive s : S u m m a ry o f cen su s sta tis tic s o f p ro d u ctio n ,
1914, 1919, a n d 1921..................................... .................................................. .........................................................
333
349. M u sic a l I n st r u m e n t s a n d P h o n o g r a p h s : S u m m a ry o f census sta tistic s o f p ro d u ctio n , 1914,
333
1919, an d 1921...........................................................................................................................................................
350. M a c h in e r y : V a lu e o f th e p rin c ip a l classes o f m ach in es m a n u factu re d d u rin g t h e census years,
1 9 1 4 ,1 9 1 9 , a n d 1 9 2 1 ....... ......................... ......................................................„.......................... . ............... . . . . . . .
334
351. M a c h in e r y M a n u f a c t u r e : S u rfim a ry o f census sta tistic s o f q u a n tity a n d v a lu e o f p ro d u ctio n
.......
335
o f m ach in e to o ls an d te x tile m a c h in e ry , 1919 an d 1921 ............... ......................................
352. A g r ic u l t u r a l I m p l e m e n t s : S u m m a ry o f census sta tistic s o f p ro d u ctio n , 1 9 1 4 ,1 9 1 9 , a n d 1921. 336
353. C l a y a n d G l a s s P r o d u c t s : S u m m a ry o f cen su s s ta tistic s o f p ro d u ctio n , 1 9 1 4 ,1 9 1 9 , a n d 19 2 1. 337
354. C h e m ic a l s : S u m m a r y o f census sta tistic s o f p ro d u c ts m a d e fo r sale, 1 9 1 4 ,1 9 1 9 , a n d 1 9 2 1 . . . . . . .
338
355. G a s , I l l u m in a t in g a n d H e a t in g . S u m m a ry o f census s ta tistic s o f m a te ria ls u sed an d p ro d ­
u c ts, 1 9 1 4 ,1 9 1 9 , an d 1921..................................................................................................................................
339
356. M isc e l l a n e o u s I n d u st r ie s I n v o l v in g C h e m ic a l P r o c e sse s — B one B l a c k , C a r b o n
B l a c k , a n d L a m p b l a c k ; F e r t il iz e r s ; M a n u f a c t u r e d I c e ; P a in t s a n d V a r n ish ; S oap
S u m m a ry o f census sta tistic s o f p ro d u cts, 1 9 1 4 ,1 9 1 9 , a n d 1921....................................... .
.
340
357. P e t r o le u m R e f in in g : S u m m a r y o f census sta tis tic s o f m a te ria ls used a n d p rod u cts, 1914,
1919, a n d 1921........................ r . ................. ..............................................................................................................
341
358. N a t u r a l D y e s t u f f s a n d E x t r a c t s : S u m m a r y o f census sta tistic s o f p ro d u ctio n , 1 9 1 4 ,1 9 1 9 ,
a n d 1 9 2 1 ......................................................................................... ............................................................... ............
341
359. H o u r s o f L a b o r : A v e ra g e n u m b e r o f w age ea rn e rs d is trib u te d acco rding to p re v a ilin g ho u rs
o f la b o r p e r w e e k fo r in d u strie s h a v in g a v a lu e o f p ro d u cts o f o v e r $100,000,000 iq 1921...............
342
360. M a n u f a c t u r e s iN C ities H a v in g , in 1920, 100,000 o r m o re in h a b ita n ts , 1909, 1 9 1 4 ,1 9 1 9 , an d
1921 ................................. ....................... ...................................................... ............................................... ...............
346
361. C otton S p in d l e s , C otton C o n su m ptio n , 1840 to 1923, a n d sto ck s, 1906 to 1 9 2 3 . . . .....................
348
362. C otton -S pin d le A ctivity an d C otton C on su m ptio n , b y sectio n s a n d S ta te s, i s i l to 1923 ~
349
349
363. E x p o r t s a n d I m po r t s o f C otton M a n u f a c t u r e s , 1840 to 1923............................... 1 ____________
364. E x p l o s iv e s : A m o u n ts (excluding exp o rts) m a n u fa ctu re d a n d so ld a n d th e pu rp o ses for w h ich
u sed , ca len d a r y e a rs 1 9 1 2 ,1 9 1 5 , a n d 1918 to 1923.........................................................................................
349
365. E x p l o s iv e s : A m o u n ts (exclud ing exp o rts) m a n u fa c tu re d a n d so ld , b y S ta te s , ca len d ar y e a rs
1922 a n d 1 9 2 3 ........... ....................................................................................................- ............................
350
366. F e r m e n t e d L iq u o r s a n d D istilled S pir its P r o d u c e d : Q u a n tities an d k in d s , 1904 to 1923.
351
367. D e n a t u r e d A lcohol : A lc o h o l p ro d u ced a t in d u s tria l alcoh ol p la n ts , n u m b e r o f d e n a tu rin g
p la n ts , e t h y l alcoh ol w ith d ra w n fo r d e n a tu ra tio n , an d q u a n tity of d e n a tu re d alcoh ol p ro d u ced ,
y e a rs en d ed Ju n e 3 0 ,1 9 1 2 to 1923.......................................................................................................................
351
368. L e a f T o bacco : A m o u n ts consum ed in th e m a n u fa c tu re o f cigars, cigarettes, ch ew in g an d
sm o k in g tobacco, a n d sn u ff, ca len d ar y e a rs 1896 to 1922________________ ___________ _________ _
351
369. M a n u f a c t u r e d T o b ac c o : P ro d u c tio n , t o t a l U n ite d S ta te s, 1901 to 1923, a n d n u m b e r o f
fa cto ries a n d p ro d u c tio n , b y S ta te s, 1 9 2 2 ....................................................... ....................................... .......
352
370i C o n sum ptio n of T obacco in the U n ited S t a t e s , 1918 to 1923...........................................................
352
371. B u ild in g O p e r a t io n s in the P r in cipal C it ie s of the U nited S t a t e s : P e rm its issued an d
353
cost, 1919 to 1 923........................................................................................................................................................
372. B u ild in g P e r m it s I ss u e d in 262 I den tical C it ie s : N u m b e r o f p e rm its an d cost, b y k in d o f
building,* 1921 a n d 1 9 2 2 ..................................................................................... ....................................................
356
373. I n d e x N u m b e r s o f B uild in g M a t e r ia l s a n d C onstruction C o sts E ach Y e a r , 1913 to
1923, a n d M a rc h , Ju n e , Sep te m b er, an d D ecem b er, 1921 to 1923............................. ..............................
356
374. B u ild in g C o n tracts A w a r d e d in 27 N o r t h e a st e r n S t a t e s , cost o f b u ild in g a n d space
co vere d , 1913 to 1918, n u m b e r o f p ro je cts, space c o vere d , a n d cost o f b u ild in g s, b y ty p e o f b u ild ­
ing, 19 19 t o 1923, a n d b y m o n th s, 1922 an d 1 9 2 3 . ................................... ................- ....................................
357
375. P a t e n t s a n d C e r tificate s of R e g istratio n I s s u e d S ince I nitiation of the P atent
S y s t e m .................................................................. - ............................... — ......................................................—
358
P O S T A L S E R V IC E
376. S tatistical S u m m a r y o f the U nited S t a t e s P o st a l S e r v ic e , 1800 to 1923........... .........................
for FRASER l I t e m s of R e v e n u e , U nited S t a t e s P o st a l S e r v ic e , 1 9 1 0 ,1 9 1 5 , a n d 1920 an d 1 9 2 3 ..
377. P r in c ipa

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CONTENTS
T a b le
P age
378. P o stal M o n e y -O r d e r B u s in e s s , 1 9 1 0 ,1 9 1 5 , a n d 1920 to 1 9 2 3 ..................................................................
379. P rin cipal I t e m s o f E x p e n d it u r e , U nited S t a t e s P o stal S e r v ic e , 1 9 1 0 ,1 9 1 5 ,a n d l9 2 0 t o 1 9 2 3 .
380. T r an spo rtatio n of D omestic M a il b y R a il r o a d s , P o w e r B o a t s , an d A e r o p l a n e s , w ith th e
n u m b e r a n d s a la ry o f r a ilw a y m a il em p lo yees, 1 9 1 0 ,1 9 1 5 , a n d 1 9 2 0 1 o 1923____________________
381. C it y a n d , R u r a l F r e e D e l iv e r y a n d S t a r R oute S e r v ic e : N u m b e r o f offices, n u m b e r a n d
le n g th o f ro u te s, a n d a n n u a l cost, 1870 to 1923................................................ ................... ............................
382. P o st al S e r v ic e : T ra n sa c tio n s in s ta m p p a p e r, second class, p a rce l p o s t, foreign, reg istered , in ­
s u red , a n d C . O, D . m a il busin ess, 1910 a n d 1915 , a n d 1920 to 1923___ _______________________
383. G r o s s R ece ipt s , C ost of C it y D e l iv e r y S e r v ic e a n d o f cle rk h ire a t ea ch o f t h e 55 p rin c i­
p a l p o st offices, 1922 a n d 1 9 2 3 __________________ ____________________________ __________________
384. P o st a l S e r v ic e , b y S ta te s , geographic d ivisio n s, a n d o u tly in g possessions, 1923. N fim b er o f
offices, m ileage o f ru r a l free d e liv e ry ro a d s, gross p o sta l re ceip ts, a n d m o n ey -o rd er b u sin ess___

XIIP

360
301
361
362
362
363
364

T E LE PH O N E , T E LE G R APH , AND CABLE SY ST E M S
385. T eleph o n e S y s t e m s : E q u ip m e n t, tra ffic, em p lo yees, salaries a n d w ages, re v e n u e , a n d in v e s t­
m e n t o f a ll s y ste m s a n d o f th e B e ll S y s te m , 1 9 0 2 ,1 9 0 7 ,1 9 1 2 ,1 9 1 7 , a n d 1922.......................................... . 366
386. T eleph o n e S y s t e m s : M ile s o f w ire an d n u m b e r o f o rig in atin g ca lls for 19 12 a n d 1922, n u m b er o f
telep h o n es fo r 1 9 0 2 ,19 12 , a n d 1922, a ll sy ste m s a n d lin e s, b y S ta te s ......................................................
366
387. F in an cial S tatistics o f T eleph on e S y s t e m s w ith an n u a l incom es o f $5,000 o r m o re in 1917 an d
$10,000 o r m o re in 1922, a ll sy ste m s co m b in ed , 1917 a n d 1922, a n d B e ll S y s te m , 1922................... ..
367
388. A m e r ic an T ele ph o n e & T e l e g r a p h C o . a n d A sso ciate d O p e r a t in g C o m p a n ie s (B e ll
T ele ph o n e S y st e m ) : C o m p a ra tiv e sta tistic s, 1 9 1 0 ,1 9 1 5 ,1 9 2 0 ,1 9 2 1 , a n d 1922................................
368
389. T ele ph o n e S y s t e m s : S u m m a r y o f re p o rts to I n te rs ta te C o m m erce C o m m ission , 1915 to 1923. „ 369
390. W ir e l e s s T e l e g r a p h S y s t e m s : S u m m a r y sta tistic s, 1907, 1912, a n d 1922......................... ................
369
391. T e l e g r a p h a n d C a b l e S y s t e m s : E q u ip m e n t, tra ffic , em p lo yees, salaries a n d w ages o f a ll tele­
g ra p h a n d c a b le s y ste m s co m bined, 1 9 0 2 ,1 9 1 2 ,1 9 1 7 , an d 1922.................................................................
370
392. T e l e g r a p h a n d C a b l e S y s t e m s : S u m m a ry o f re p o rts to th e I n te rs ta te C o m m erce C o m m ission ,
1920
to 1922. ................ ............................................... ...........................................................................................
371
393. F in a n c ia l S tatistics o f T e l e g r a p h an d C a b l e S y s t e m s , 1 9 0 2 ,1 9 1 2 ,1 9 1 7 , a n d 1922.......................
371
394. W e st e r n U nion T e l e g r a p h C o : M ilea g e o f lin e s a n d w ires, n u m b e r o f offices, a n d finances,
1866 t o 1 9 2 2 . . ............................................................................. ..............................................................................
372
P U B L IC R O A D S A N D M O T O R V E H IC L E S
395. R u r a l R oad M il e a g e , J a n u a ry 1, 1922, a n d co n stru ctio n o f su rfaced ro ad s, 1921 a n d 1922, b y
S ta te s ......... .................................................................................................. ...............................................................
396. E x p e n d it u r e s f o r R u r a l H i g h w a y P u r p o s e s b y o r u n d e r su p e rv is io n o f S ta te h ig h w a y d e­
p a rtm e n ts, in clu d in g F ed e ral aid , b y S ta te s, 1 9 0 4 ,19 14 , a n d 1916 t o 1 9 2 .2 ............................................
397. T o t a l E x p e n d it u r e s f o r a l l R u r a l H ig h w a y P u r p o s e s : C o n so lid ated d a ta fo r a ll S ta te ,
c o u n ty , to w n sh ip , a n d d istric t exp en d itu res, b y S ta te s, 1 9 0 4 ,19 1 4 , a n d 1916 t o 1922.......................
398. F u n d s A v a il a b l e f o r a l l R u r a l R o ad P u r p o s e s , 19 2 1: C o n so lid ated d a ta fo r a ll S ta te s ,
co u n ties, to w n sh ip s, a n d d istric ts, b y S ta te s ------------------------------------------------- ------------- ----------399. D ist r ibu t io n o f E x p e n d it u r e s f o r a l l R u r a l H ig h w a y P u r p o s e s , 1921: C o n so lid ated d a ta
for a ll S ta te s, co u n ties, to w n sh ip s, a n d d istric ts, b y S t a t e s ..................................................................
400. F e d e r a l A id H i g h w a y C onstruction a s o f D e c e m b e r 3 1 ,1 9 2 3 : C o s t a n d m ileag e o f p ro je cts
co m p leted p rio r t o J a n u a r y 1 , 1924, p ro je cts u n d e r c o n stru c tio n , a n d p ro je c ts a p p ro v e d for
co n stru ctio n , b y S ta te s .................................................... ............................... ............. ........................................
401. P roduction a n d R e gistratio n of M otor V eh icle s , 1895 t o 1923............................... ............. ..
.
402. G a so l in e T a x e s , 1923, fo r a ll S ta te s h a v in g such ta x e s .............................................................................
403. M otor V ehicle R e g ist r at io n s , b y S ta te s, 1913 to 1923 (passenger cars a n d m o to r tru c k s com ­
b in e d )................................ ........................................................................................... ...............................................
404. R e g ist r a t io n s o f a n d R e v e n u e s f r o m m o to r veh icles, b y S ta te s , re g istra tio n y e a r 1923...........
405. A u to m o bile F a t a l it ie s : N u m b e r o f d e a th s a n d d e a th r a te p e r 100,000 p o p u la tio n in re g is tra ­
tio n S ta te s a n d in re g istra tio n cities o f 100,000 o r m o re p o p u latio n in 1920, ca len d ar y e a rs 1917 to
1922.................................................................................................... ........................................................................
406. W orld D ist r ib u t io n of A u to m o tive V eh icles a s of J a n u a r y 1 , 1924_______ ________ ________

373
374
376
376
377

378
379
379
380
381

382
384

STEAM AND ELECTRIC RAILWAYS AND EXPRESS COMPANIES
407. R a i l w a y M il e a g e Ow n e d , an d M il e a g e O p e r a t e d , C l a s s if ie d b y T r a c k a g e , selected
y e a rs, 1890 to 1922................................................................................ ...................................................................
408. R a i l w a y M il e a g e O w n e d , b y S ta te s , selected ye ars, 1860 to 1 9 2 2 ...............
409. R a i l w a y M il e a g e O w n e d a n d Op e r a t e d , 1842 to 1922..............................., ...............
410. C l a s s I C a r r i e r s : M ile a g e o p e ra te d a n d e q u ip m e n t, b y d istric ts , 19 16 to 1922_________
4 11. R a i l w a y E q u ip m e n t i n S e r v ic e , a ll re p o rtin g co m panies, selected y e a rs , 1890 t o 1922_______
412. C la ssific a t io n of K a i l w a y C a r s in S e r v ic e , selected y e a rs 1910 to 1 9 2 2 . . . . . ^ ...........................
413. S u m m a r y of F r e ig h t C a r P e r fo r m a n c e a n d E q u ipm e n t C ondition , C la s s I ro ad s, b y
for FRASER 1919 to 1923................. ...................................................................................._.......................................
m o n th s,

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385
386
387
387
388
388
389

XIV

CONTENTS

T a b le
P age
414. R e c e iv e r sh ip s of R a i l w a y s : 1881 to 1928.............. ....... . . ............... ............... *...................................
389
415. C a pitalizatio n o f R a il r o a d s : A l l re p o rtin g co m p an ies, sele cte d y e a rs, 1899 t o 1922.................
390
416. R a i l w a y S tock O u t st an d in g , D iv id e n d s , a n d I n t e r e st , 1 8 9 1 t o 1 9 2 2 . . ...................................
390
417. C lassific at io n o f R a i l w a y S e c u r it ie s A c t u a l l y O u t st a n d in g : B y d is tric ts a n d classes
o f ra ilro a d s, 1 9 1 6 ,1 9 2 0 , a n d 1 9 2 2 ....................................................... ....................................... ....... ..................
391
418. P r o p e r t y I n v e st m e n t , I n co m e , I n t e r e st , a n d D iv id e n d s : R e p o rte d b y o p era tin g ro ad s,
1908
t o 1922................................................
391
419. F r e ig h t T r a f f ic : T ra in a n d c a r m o v e m e n t, 1891 t o 1923*................................................................
392
393
420. F r e ig h t T r a f f ic : T o n n ag e a n d re v e n u e , 1891 to 1 9 2 3 ................
42 1. R e v e n u e a n d T r a f f ic S tat ist ic s : C lass I c a rriers, b y m o n th s, 19 10 t o 1 9 2 3 .......................................394
422. PASSBNcteR T r a f f ic ; P assen gers ca rried a n d p assenger re v e n u e , 1891 to 1923..........................
396
423. R e v e n u e , E x p e n s e s , a n d I ncom e o f Op e r a t in g C o m p a n ie s fro m ra ilw a y * o p e ra tio n s a n d
a v e ra g e m ile s o f lin e o p era te d , 1891 t o 1 923.............................................. .....................................................
396
424. I ncome A ccount o f C l a s s I C a r r i e r s , R a i l w a y Op e r a t io n s : T o ta ls a n d b y d is tric ts , 1916
to 1 9 2 3 . . . . ............................
397
425. P r in c ipa l R a i l w a y C o m p a n ie s : M ile s o f ro a d o p era te d a n d p r in c ip a l ite m s o f tra ffic , re v e ­
n u e , a n d expenses o f ea ch o f t h e la rg e r com panies, 1922 a n d 1923*....... ...............................................
398
426. R a i l w a y E m p l o y e e s : N u m b e r o f em p lo y e e s a n d t h e ir co m p e n satio n , sele cte d y e a rs , 1896 to
1923........................... ............. ..........................................................—..........*______________________ - ________
491
427. E m p l o y e e s a n d T h e ir C o m p e n sa t io n : C lass I c a rrie rs, b y d is tric ts a n d classes, 1922 a n d
1923.......................................... ................................................... ...................................................................... ..........
492
428. T a x e s a n d S p e c ia l A s s e s s m e n t s of C l a s s I C o m p a n ie s ', b y S t a t e s , selected y e a rs , 19 10 t o
1 9 2 2 . ...............................................................................
404
429. R e v e n u e F r e ig h t C a r r ie d b y C o m m o d ity G r o u p s , 1901 t o 1923..........
406
430. R e v e n u e F r e ig h t C a r r ie d b y C l a s s e s o f C o m m o d ities : C lass I c a rrie rs , 1920 to 1923.___
406
43 1. C a r L o a d in g s : A v e ra g e w e e k ly lo ad in g o f re v e n u e fr e ig h t, C la s s I r a ilw a y s ; a ll co m m o d ities
b y d is tric ts , a n d p rin c ip a l co m m o d ities, b y m o n th s, 1919 to 1 9 2 3 ......................................................
466
432. S t e a m R a i l w a y A ccidents b y C a u s e s , 19 16 to 1923.....................................................
409
433. P e r so n s K ille d a n d I n ju r e d in R a i l w a y A ccidents , 1891 to 1923____
410
434. C o n su m pt io n o f F u e l , R a il s , a n d T i e s b y C l a s s I C o m p a n ie s * 1920 t o 1 9 2 2 . . . ..........
410
435. E x p r e s s C o m p a n ie s : In co m e ac co u n t, 1920 to 1923............... ....................... ....................................... . . .
4 11
436. T h e P u l l m a n C o .: A b s tra c t o f o p era tio n s, 1910 to 1 9 2 3 .................................................................. .........
411
437. E lectric R a i l w a y s ; C o m p a ra tiv e su m m a ry , 1890 t o 1922.......................................................................
412
438. E lectric R a i l w a y s , E l e v a t e d a n d S u b w a y a n d T u n n e l T r a c k a g e : M ile s o f single
412
tra c k , b y S ta te s, census y e a rs 1907 to 1922___ ___________ ______________ ________________________
439. E lectric R a i l w a y s : S ta tis tic s o f m ileag e, e q u ip m e n t, o u tp u t o f e le c tr ic ity , e m p lo yees, a n d
salaries a n d w ages, census y e a rs 1907 t o 19 2 2 . ................................... ..................... .....................................
413
440. E lectric R a i l w a y s : S ta tis tic s o f c a rs, tra c k , a n d b u sses o p e ra te d b y ele c tric ra ilw a y s in t h e
U n ite d S ta te s , in J u l y , 1923, b y S ta te s a n d b y geographic d i v i s i o n s ........... ..................................
414
44 1. F in a n c ia l S tatistics o f E lectric R a i l w a y s , census y e a rs 1907 to 1922_____________________ _
415
442. E lectric R a i l w a y s : M ilea g e, passengers, passen ger re v e n u e , car-m iles ru n , a n d k ilo w a tt
416
h o u rs g en erated o r p u rch a sed , b y S ta te s, census y e a rs 1907 to 1922........................... .................. ....
443. R e c e iv e r sh ip s of E lectric R a i l w a y s , 1909 to 1923..................................................................................
418
444. A l a s k a n G o v e r n m e n t R a il r o a d T r a f f ic : A n a ly s is o f s ta tis tic s o f passen g er a n d fre ig h t
servic es, y e a r en d ed Ju n e 30, 1 923 ................... ........... ....................................... ..............................................
418
IN T E R N A L W A T E R W A Y S
445. W
446.
447.
448.
449.
450.
451.
452.

a t e r - b o r n e C o m m e r c e of the U nited S t a t e s R u m in a t in g A ll K n o w n D u plic a t io n s :
B y ca len d ar y e a rs , 1920 to 1922.............. ..................................... ........................................... ........... ................
G r e a t L a k e s , C o m m e r c e of th e P r in cipal P o r t s : C arg o ton n ag e, 1921 a n d 19 2 2 .................
S a u l t S t e . M a r ie C a n a l s , T r a f f ic S tatistics , 1890 t o 1922____
T r a f f ic T h r o u g h t h e S a u l t S t e . M a r i e C a n a l s : B y seasons, 1900, 1910, 1915, a n d 1920 to
19 2 2 .................................................................................................................................................................................
E r ie C a n a l : T o n n ag e o f fre ig h t m o v e d , ca len d ar y e a rs 1837 t o 1923, a n d to n n ag e m o v e d o n
th e N e w Y o r k S ta te C a n a l S y s te m , 1918 to 1923........... ...........................................................................
P r in c ipa l C om m o d ities C a r r ie d on th e O h io R i v e r : 1921 a n d 1922........................
Ohio R iv e r T r a f f ic : 19 11 to 1 922....................
L o w e r M is s is s ip p i R iv e r T r a f f ic : 1917 to 1922.......

419
419
420
420
421
421
422
422

M E R C H A N T M A R IN E AN D O CEAN SH IP P IN G
453. U nited S t a t e s M e r c h an t M a r in e : N u m b e r a n d to n n ag e o f d o cu m en ted sailin g a n d ste am
an d gas vessels, a n d ton n ag e e m p lo yed in foreign tra d e , coasting tra d e , a n d th e fish e ries, 1789
to 1923, a n d n u m b e r a n d to n n ag e, b y u tiliz a tio n , lo c a tio n , p o w e r, a n d m a te ria l, 1 900, 19 10 ,
1920,
a n d 1923... ........................................................................................— - ......................- ....................423
454. U nited
for FRASERS t a t e s M erch an t M a r in e : N u m b e r a n d to n n ag e o f la rg e r seagoing vessels, b y
classes a n d size, 1 9 1 7 ,1 9 1 9 , a n d 1921 to 1923........................................... ........................................................

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CONTENTS

XV

T a b le
P R ge
455.
S h ip b u il d in g : N u m b e r a n d to n n ag e of vessels b u ilt in t h e U n ite d S ta te s a n d d o cu m en ted
fo r A m e ric a n sh ip o w n e rs, to ta ls 1797 to 1923, a n d b y class an d section w h e r e b u ilt, 1901 to
1923* a 0 4 o f vessels b u ilt fo r fo reign ers, 1 9 11 to 1923- ............... ....... —— — .........- _____ - ........... 424
4% . M e r c h a n t V e s s e l s L a u n c h e d : W o rld t o t a l 1 9 1 0 to 1923, a n d le a d in g co u n tries, 19 2 2 an d
1923....... ................- ................. — ............................................— ____ ______—
____ ______- ______ _____
425
457. M erch an t M a r in e o f th e W orld an d P rin cipal F o reign C o u n tries , specified years* 1895
to 1923............................................................................................................................................... ............. .
425
458. V e s s e l s C o n tro lled b y the U n ited S t a t e s S h ippin g B o a r d E m e r g e n c y F le e t C o r p o r a ­
tion , as o f D ece m b er 30, 1923, n u m b e r a n d d ead -w e ig h t ton n ag e o f a l l vessels* b y o rig in a n d
class, an d o f a c tiv e a n d in a c tiv e vessels b y c la ss .......................................... —
................... x—
—
426
459. S h ip s D e l iv e r e d to S hippin g B o a r d E m e r g e n c y F l e e t C o r po r a t io n , A u g u s t, 19 17 , to
M a y 3 0 ,19 2 2 , n u m b e r a n d d e ad -w eig h t to n n a g e - —___ — ——*.........— ........
427
46©. S h ippin g B o a r d V e s s e l s S old a n d D e l iv e r e d to P u r c h a s e r s : N u m b e r a n d d e ad -w eig h t
ton n ag e, b y ty p e s , ca len d a r y e a rs 1921 to 1923......................... - ..................................................................
428
461. N et A pp r o p r ia t io n s a n d A llo tm en ts to U n ited S t a t e s S h ippin g B o a r d a n d E m e r g e n c y
428
F le e t C o r po ratio n from in ce p tio n to J u l y 1 ,1 9 2 3 . ______- _________ - ___________
462. S u m m a r y C o n so lid at e d C a s h S tatem en t o f the U n ited S tate s , S h ippin g B o a r d E m e r ­
g e n cy F le e t C o rpo r at io n , y e a r en d ed J u n e 30, 1923...........................................................................
429
463. L iv e s L o st b y A ccident a t S k a a s R e po rted to t h e S t e a m b o a t I nspection S e r v ic e : B y
causes, 1921 to 1923....... ................................. .............................................................., ........................................
429
464. U n it e d S t a t e s C o a s t G u a r d : A b s tra c t o f w o rk p e rfo rm e d a n d ex p e n d itu re s fo r m a in te ­
nance, y e a rs e n d e d J u n e 3 9 ,1 9 2 2 a n d 1923_...................................................................................... .............
429
465 . M a r in e W r e c k s a n d C a s u a l t ie s Occu r r in g to V e b ssx h o r th e U nited S t a t e s : B y
regio ns fo r specified y e a rs , w ith s u m m a ry , 1905 to 1 9 2 2 .............................................................................
430
431
466. P a n a m a C a n a l : E xp en ses an d re v e n u e s to J u n e 3 0 ,1 9 2 3 .........................................................................
467. C o m m e r c ia l T r a f f ic T h ro u g h t h e P a n a m a C a n a l : S u m m a r y , 1 9 1 5 to 1923......
431
468. C o m m e r c ia l T r a f f ic T h ro u g h the P a n a m a C a n a l : B y o rig in o r d e s tin a tio n , 1921 t o 1923.
431
468. P a n a m a C a n a l T r a f f ic b y N a t io n a l it y o f V e s s e l : T o ta l fro m o p en in g to J u n e 30, 1923,
a n d in each y e a r, 1 9 1 5 t o 1 9 2 3 ............................................. ..................................... ......................«.................
432
470. C a r g o T o n n ag e of W a t e r -b o r n e I m p o r t s a n d E x p o r t s o f t h e U nited S t a t e s ; B y
U n ite d S ta te s c o a sta l d istric ts a n d flag o f c a rrie r ve sse l, ca len d a r y e a r s 1921 t o 1923; an d
t o ta l a n d ta n k e r cargoes, b y m o n th s, 1922 a n d 1923....................................................................................
433
471. G a r g o T o n n a g e o f W a t e r -b o r n e I m p o r t s a n d E x p o r t s o f th e U n it e d S t a t e s : B y
foreign tra d e regio n s an d flag o f c a rrier vessels, 1921 to 1923, a n d b y foreign tra d e regions an d
U n ite d S ta te s co astal d istric ts, 1 9 2 3 ......... ........................................................................ ..............................
434
472'. C a r g o T o n n ag e o f W a t e r -bo r n e I m p o r t s a n d E x p o r t s o f th e . U nited S t a t e s : B y
435
in d iv id u a l co u n tries, ca len d ar y e a rs 1922 an d 1923__________ ________ ____________________ 473. C a r g o T o n n a g e o f W a t e r -bo r n e I m p o r t s a n d E x p o r t s o f t h e U n ite d S t a t e s : B y
S ta te s a n d in d iv id u a l p o rts, ca len d ar y e a r 1922 a n d 1923— ______ ___ _______,- ________ ____ — _
437
474. C a r g o T o n n a g e o f W a t e r -b o r n e I m p o r t s a n d E x p o r t s o f t h e U n ited S t a t e s : B y
m a jo r co m m o d ities, 1921 to 1923, a n d b y c o a sta l d is tric ts , 1923___ - .................................................
439
475. A m e r ic a n a n d F o r e ig n S a il in g a n d S t e a m V e s s e l s E n t e r e d a t S e a p o r t s a n d a t a l l
P o r t s o f t h e U nited S t a t e s fr o m F o r e ig n C o u n t r ie s : N e t ton n ag e, 1898 to 1923 ____
440
476. A m e r ic a n a n d F o r e ig n S a il in g a n d S t e a m V e s s e l s C l e a r e d fr o m S e a p o r t s a n d from
a l l P o r t s o f th e U nited S t a t e s f o r F o r e ig n C o u n t r ie s : N e t ton n ag e, 1898 to 1923__ 441
47 7.
fVES3ELS E n t e r e d a t an d C l e a r e d fr o m S e a p o r t s o f t h e U nited S t a t e s f r o m a n d f o r
P r in c ip a l F o r e ig n C o u n t r ie s ; N et to n n ag e, 1900 to 1923, b y co u n trie s .......................... —____
442
478. V e s s e l s E n t e r e d a t a n d C l e a r e d fr o m C u st o m s D istricts o f the U nited S t a t e s fr o m
a n d f o r F o r e ig n C o u n t r ie s : N et to n n ag e, y e a rs en ded D ece m b er 3 1 ,1 9 2 1 to 1 9 2 3 _______443
479. V e s s e l s E n t e r e d a t a n d C l e a r e d f r o m S e a p o r t s o f t h e U n it e d S t a t e s f r o m a n d
f o r F o re ig n C o u n t r ie s : 1900 to 1923, b y n a tio n a lit y _ —______ - ......... ......- _________ ________
_
444
480. F o r e ig n C a r r y in g T r a d e of the U nited S t a t e s in A m e r ic an a n d F o r e ig n V e s s e l s a n d
b y L a n d V e h ic l e s : V a lu e s, 1880 to 1923 ..................... ....................................- ______________________
445
481. I m po r t s a n d D o m estic E x p o r t s of M e r c h a n d ise C a r r ie d in A m e r ic a n a n d F o reign
V e sse l s an d in L a n d V e h ic le s : V a lu e s, y e a rs en d ed D ecem b er 3 1 ,1 9 1 8 to 1923 — ...............
446
F O R E IG N C O M M E R C E
482. M

I m po rte d a n d E x p o r t e d , a n d t h e a n n u a l excess o f im p o rts o r e x p o rts: Sp ecie
v a lu e s , 1790 t o 1923............. ........1 ........... —........................................_..................................................................
483. E x p o r t T r a d e o f the U nite® S t a t e s : V a lu e a n d p e r cen t o f t o t a l v a lu e , b y g ra n d d ivisio n s,
1850 t o 1923..................... ...........................................................................................................................................
484. I m po r t T r a d e o f th e U n ite d S t a t e s : V a lu e a n d p e r c e n t o f t o t a l v a lu e , b y g ra n d d iv isio n s,
1850 to 1923............. ....................................................................................................................................... ..............
485. D o m estic M erch an d ise E x p o r t s o f th e U nited S t a t e s : V a lu e a n d p e r c e n t o f t o t a l v a lu e ,
b y g rea t g ro u p s, 1850 t o 1 923............................................................................................. ...................................
e r c h a n d ise




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T ab le
486. M
487
488.
489.
490.
491.
492.

493.
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CONTENTS

P age
I m p o r t s of th e U nited S t a t e s : V a lu e a n d p e r c e n t o f to ta l v a lu e , b y g rea t
groups, 1850 to 1923. .................................................................- ........................................................*...................
V a l u e of M erch an d ise E x p o r t e d fr o m a n d I m po r t e d in to the U nited S t a t e s , b y g ra n d
d ivisio n s a n d b y p rin c ip a l co u n tries, 1 9 1 0 t o 1923....................................................................................
F o re ig n T r a d e of the U nited S t a t e s , b y cu stom s d istric ts, 1915 to 1 9 2 3 ........—.......................
I m po r t s of M e r c h an d ise into the U n ited S t a t e s , b y p rin c ip a l article s a n d g ro u p s o f a r ti­
cles, 1 9 10 -19 14 averag e, an d 1919 to 1 9 2 3 ..................._......................... ............................... ...........................
E x p o r t s of D om estic M erch an d ise f r o m th e U nited S t a t e s , b y p rin c ip a l articles an d
g ro u p s o f article s, 19 10 -1914 a verag e , a n d 1919 to 1 9 2 3 .................................................................... ...........
F o r e ig n M e r ch an d ise E x p o r t s of the U nited S t a t e s , 1921 to 1923............................................
I m po rted D u t ia b l e M e r c h an d ise E n t e r e d f o r C o n su m pt io n : V a lu e s, d u tie s collected ,
a n d ad va lo re m ra te s, 1903 to 1923, b y sch ed u les o f th e re sp e c tiv e ta riffs in fo rce in th e y e a rs
n a m e d ................................. ....................... ................................................................ - ............................... ................
I m po rted M erch an d ise E n te re d f o r C o n su m ptio n ; V a lu e s , d u tie s (to ta l a n d p e r ca p ita ),
a n d ad v a lo re m ra te s , 1903 to 1923.....................................................................................................................
G old a n d S il v e r : V a lu e s o f im p o rts a n d exp orts a n d a n n u a l excess o f exp o rts o r im p o rts, 1874
to 1923.............................................................................................................................................................................
e r ch an d ise

451
452
461
464
502
554

560
564
565

C O M M E R C E O F N O N C O N T IG U O U S T E R R I T O R Y
495.
496.
497.
496;
499.
500.
501.

502.

I m po r t s a n d E x p o r t s of M e r ch an d ise into a n d fr o m A l a s k a : V a lu e s, 1882 to 1923 .........
I m po r t s a n d E x p o r t s of M e r c h a n d ise into a n d fr o m P orto R ico : V alu es, 1904 to 1923 I m po r t s a n d E x p o r t s of M e r c h a n d ise into a n d fr o m H a w a i i : V a lu e s, 1901 to 1923 .........
I m po r t s a n d E x p o r t s of M e r c h a n d ise into a n d f r o m th e P h ilippin e I s l a n d s : V a lu e s ,
1912 to 1923...........
I m po r t s a n d E x p o r t s of M e r c h a n d ise into a n d f r o m A m erican S a m o a : V a lu e s , 1916 to
1923........................................................
I m po r t s a n d E x p o r t s of M e r ch an d ise into a n d fr o m G u a m : V a lu e s , I916t© |® 23 .............
S h ipm e n t s o f P r in cipal I n s u l a r P ro ducts to the U nited S t a t e s fr o m P orto R ico ,
H a w a h , a n d the P h ilippine I s l a n d s , a n d t o t a l v a lu e s o f U n ite d S ta te s p ro d u c ts re tu rn e d
th e re fro m : Q u a n tities a n d va lu es, y e a rs en d ed D ecem b er 3 1 ,1 9 2 2 a n d 1923............ ..................... ..
S h ipm e n t s of M erch an d ise fr o m the U n ited S t a t e s to P orto R ico , H a w a h , a n d the
P h ilippin e I s l a n d s : V a lu e s, y e a rs en d ed D ecem b er 3 1 ,1 9 2 2 a n d 1 9 2 3 ......... ....................................

567
568
568
569
569
569

570
571

P R IC E S
503. I n d e x N u m b e r s of W h o l e sa l e , R e t a il , F a r m C r o p , a n d L iv e st o c k P n ie a s , m o n th ly ,
1913 to 1923................................. - ........... ................................................................................—
_________ _
504. W h o l e sa l e P r ic e s ; In d ex n u m b e rs o f t h e D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r, b y co m m o d ity g ro irA —
y e a r ly 1890 to 1923, a n d m o n th ly , 1921 to 1923__............................................................................................
605. W h o l e sa l e P rice I n d e x e s : B ra d s tre e t’s, D u n ’s, a n d B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s , an d th e
F e d e ra l R eserve B o a rd ’s in d ex n u m b e rs o f goods im p o rte d a n d goods e x p o rted , y e a r ly , 1913
to 1923; M a rc h , Ju n e , Sep te m b er, a n d D ecem ber, 19 19 a n d 1920; a n d m o n th ly , 1921 to 1923 .
506. I n t e r n at io n al W h o l e sa l e P rice C o m p a r is o n s : In d ex n u m b ers, y e a r ly , 1913 a n d 1919 to
1923, a n d m o n th ly , 1919 to 1923 ...........................................................................................................................
507 W h o l e sa l e P ric e s in F o re ig n C o u n t r ie s , y e a r ly , 1913 to 1923; M a rc h , J u n e , S e p te m b e r,
a n d D ecem b er, 1919, a n d 1920; a n d m o n th ly , 1921 to 1923.................................................- ..................
508. W h o l e sa l e P r ic e s of L e ad in g C o m m o d itie s , A ctu al a n d R e l a t iv e , y e a rly , 1913 a n d 1920
to 1923............................ ........................... - .................................... ............................................. —.........................
509. I n d e x N u m b e r s of the R e t a il P rice of F ood , a n d o f th e p u rch a sin g p o w e r o f t h e d o lla r
m easu red in food, y e a r ly , 1890 to 1923............ ...................................... ...........................................................
510. R e t a il F ood P rice I n d e x N u m b e r s f o r 39 C it ie s , y e a r ly , 1914 a n d 1916 to 1923, a n d for
M a rc h , Ju n e , Sep te m b er, a n d D ecem b er, 1923................................................. ...........................................
511. R e a t il F ood P ric e s of P r in cipal A r t ic le s o f F ood , a c tu a l a n d re la tiv e , av erag es fo r fiv e y e a r p eriod s, 1891 to 1920; fo r y e a rs 1913 to 1923, a n d fo r M a rc h , J u n e , S e p te m b e r, a n d D e ­
cem ber, 1923............ ............................................- ..............— ........................................... - ............................. —512. I n d e x N u m b e r s of C ost of L iv in g in the U nited S t a t e s b y G r o u p s : S elected m o n th s,
1914 to 1 9 2 3 . ............................... ..............................................- ..............- ........... - ........... - ..............- ...........— .
513. I n d e x N u m b e r s of C ost of L iv in g in E ach o f 32 C it ie s : T o ta l fo r t h e m o n th o f D ecem ber,
1917 to 1923, a n d b y groups, D ecem ber, 1923 ................................ : ------------------ —...........................
514. C o st of L iv in g an d R e tail F ood P r ice s in F o reign C o u n t r ie s , y e a r ly , 1919 t o 1921; M a rc h ,
Ju n e , S ep te m b er, a n d D ecem ber, 1922 a n d 1923------------------- --------------------- ----------------------------515. R e tail P ric e s of G a s f o r H o useh old U se in E ach o f 55 C it ie s , selected m o n th s, 1913 to 1923.
516. A v e r a g e N et P r ice , A c t u a l a n d R e l a t iv e , of M a n u f a c t u r e d G a s in 51 C it ie s , selected
m o n th s, 1913 to 1 923........................................................ - ........... - ..................................................- .................
517. N et R e t a il P rice of E lectricity f o r H o use h o ld U s e in E ach o f 35 C it ie s , selected
FRASERn th s, 1913 an d 1920 to 1 9 2 3 ..............................................................................................................................
mo

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CO NtENTS

xvn

T a b le
P age
618. A n n u a l A v e r a g e I m po rt P r ic e s o f I m po rtan t A r ticles o f M e r ch an d ise I m po rted
in to th e U n ited S t a t e s : 1904 to 1923................ ..............................................— — r ....... ............
619. A n n u a l A v e r a g e E x p o r t P r ic e s o f I m p o r t a n t A r t ic le s o f D o m estic M erch an d ise
E x p o r t e d fr o m the U nited S t a t e s , 1900 to 1923................................_......... . .........._________ ____

588
590

W AGES
WO. W

a g e s a n d H o u r s o f L a b o r : A v e ra g e fu ll-tim e h o u rs p e r w e e k , a n d e a rn in g s p e r h o u r,
p rin c ip a l p ro d u c tiv e o ccu p atio n s, te x tile , iro n a n d s te e l, a n d lu m b a r in d u s trie s , w ith in d e x
n u m b ers fo r t h e in d u strie s as a w h o le, specified y e a rs, 1907 to 1 9 2 4 ___ ,________________ _______
621. I n d e x N u m b e r s o f U nion W a g e K a t e s a n d H o u r s of L a b o r f o r a l l R e po rtin g T r a d e s ,
1907
to 1923......................... — .................................. ............................................... ................... 1 __________
622. I n d e x N u m b e r s o f U nion H o u r s of L a b o r p e r W e e k a n d R a t e s o f W a g e s p e r H o u r
in T r a d e s S pecified , 1907 to 19 2 3 ....................................................................................................................
623. A v e r a g e U nion R a t e of W a g e s p e r H o u r in T r a d e s S pe cifie d , f o r th e U nited S t a t e s ,
as o f M a y 16, 1922 a n d 19 2 3 .........................................- ...................................................................................

591
593
594
596

M O N E Y A N D B A N K IN G
624.
626.
626.
627.
628.
629.
630.
531.
632.
633.
634.
635.
636.
537.
638.
639.
640.
541.
642.
643.
644.
645.
646.
647.
648.
649.
650.
651.
552

C o in a g e o f the U nited S t a t e s M in t : 1793 t o 1923-........................................... ...................................
G old a n d S il v e r C o in a g e s of the M in ts of the W o r l d : 1885 to 1922.........
..................
M o n e t : S to c k of, i n th e p rin c ip a l co u n tries o f th e w o rld , D ece m b er 3 1 ,1 9 2 1 a n d 1922_______
M o n e t : S to c k of, in th e U n ite d S tates, b y k in d s, as o f J u l y 1, 1860 to 1923........................................
M o n e t : S to c k , a m o u n t in T re a s u ry , a n d a m o u n t in circ u la tio n as o f J u l y 1 , 1800 t o 1923_____
B a n k s : N u m b e r, c a p ita l a n d su rp lu s, an d t o ta l resources o f ea ch class o f b a n k s , 1910 a n d 1914
to 1923............................... ..................- ................................................................. .....................................................
B a n k s : I n d iv id u a l d eposits in each class o f b a n k s, 1820 to 1923.............................. ................„.......___
N a t io n a l B a n k s : P rin c ip a l resources a n d lia b ilitie s, 1911 t o 1 9 2 3 -................................... .......... ...........
N a t io n a l B a n k s : P rin c ip a l reso urces a n d lia b ilitie s, b y S ta te s, S e p te m b e r 1 4 ,1 9 2 3 - „ .............
N a t io n a l B a n k s : L o an s a n d disco u n ts, c a p ita l, su rp lu s, n e t dep osits, e tc ., a n d ra tio o f lo an s
t o c a p ita l, su rp lu s, a n d n e t deposits, an d o f cash a n d re se rv e t o n e t dep osits, 1901 to 1 9 2 3 ,-.
N at io n a l B a n k s : C lassification o f lo an s an d d isco unts a t m id su m m er c a ll, 19 11 t o 1923____ _
N a t io n a l B a n k s : L o an s a n d d isco u n ts o n J u n e 30, 1921 to 1923, b y re se rv e cities an d
S t a t e s .—........................................................ —............................. - ......................- ....................- ..................613
N a t io n a l B a n k s : Sec u ritie s o w n ed o n Ju n e 3 0 ,1 9 1 4 t o 1923, b y classes........................................ .
N a t io n a l B a n k s : N u m b er, c a p ita l, su rp lu s an d u n d iv id e d p ro fits , lo a n s a n d d isco u n ts, a n d
n o te circ u la tio n , 1864 t o 1923............................................ — ....................... ..................................... *_______
N a t io n a l B a n k s : D iv id e n d s, earn in gs, an d ra tio o f d iv id e n d s t o c a p ita l a n d o f d iv id e n d s
a n d ea rn in g s t o c a p ita l a n d s u rp lu s, 1896 t o 1 9 2 3 ...................................................................................
B a n k s O t h e r T h a n N a t io n a l : A sse ts a n d lia b ilitie s, 1 9 1 0 ,1 9 1 6 ,1 9 1 8 , a n d 1920 to 1923...........
F e d e r a l R e s e r v e B a n k s : P rin c ip a l resources an d lia b ilitie s a t d a te o f m id s u m m e r re p o rt
sin ce o rg a n iz a tio n ------------- ---------- —--------------------------- ----------------------- ------------------------ -----------F e d e r a l R e s e r v e B a n k s : P rin c ip a l assets o f a ll F e d e ra l re se rv e b a n k s , 1914 t o 1923, a n d o f
each b a n k , 1917, 1920, 1922, a n d 1923—
— aT— *— ........................ - _____________ ___________
F e d e r a l R e s e r v e B a n k s : P rin c ip a l lia b ilitie s o f a ll F e d e ra l re se rv e b a n k s , 1914 t o 1923, a n d
o f each b a n k , 1 9 1 7 ,1 9 2 0 , 1922, a n d 1923_____ __________________ _________ — ......... ..................... ....
F e d e r a l R e s e r v e N o te s O u tstan d in g an d C o lla t e r a l S ecu rity t h e r e f o r : A ll F ed e ral
re se rv e b a n k s, 1915 t o 1923, an d each h a n k , 19 2 0 ,19 2 2 , a n d 1 923...........................................................
F e d e r a l R e s e r v e B a n k s : N u m b e r of m e m b e r b a n k s o f th e s y s te m a n d n u m b e r accom m o­
d a te d th ro u g h d isc o u n t o p era tio n s, b y d istric ts, 1 9 19 to 1923______ _______ __________________
F e d e r a l R e s e r v e B a n k s : D isc o u n t a n d o p e n -m a rk e t o p era tio n s o f a ll F e d e ra l re s e rv e b a n k s,
1914 to 1923, an d o f each b a n k , 1923......................................... ..........................................................................
F e d e r a l R e s e r v e B a n k s : B ills disco u n ted b y th e F e d e ra l re se rv e b a n k s d u rin g th e ca len d ar
y e a rs 1917 to 1923, b y S ta te s --------------------------- ------- ------- - ---------- --------------------------------------------F e d e r a l R e s e r v e B a n k s : H o ld in g s o f d isco u n ted b ills b y a ll F e d e ra l re se rv e b a n k s, 1914 to
1923,
a n d b y each F e d e ra l re se rv e b a n k , 1923, b y classes a n d m a tu r itie s ............................. ........
D iscount R a t e s o f each F e d e ra l re se rv e b a n k , 1914 t o 1921, w ith ra te s in effect J a n u a r y 1 ,1 9 2 2 ,
an d changes d u rin g 1922 a n d 1923.............................................—................................... ..................................
G old S e ttlem en t F u n d : S u m m a r y o f tran sa ctio n s b y a ll F e d e ra l re se rv e b an k s, 1915 to 1923,
a n d b y each b a n k , J a n u a r y 1 to D ecem b er 31, 1 9 2 3 ______ ____............................................................
F e d e r a l R e s e r v e B a n k s : H oldings o f accep tan ces b o u g h t i n o p en m a rk e t a n d fro m o th e r
F ed e ral re se rve b a n k s, b y a ll F ed e ra l re se rv e b a n k s, 1 9 16 to 1923, a n d b y each b a n k , 1 9 2 3 - . .
F e d e r a l R e s e r v e B a n k s : H oldings o f U n ite d S ta te s se c u ritie s b y a ll F ed e ral re se rve b a n k s,
1915 to 1923, a n d b y each b a n k , 1920, 1922, a n d 1923.......... .......................................................................
F e d e r a l R e s e r v e A g e n t s * G old F u n d : S u m m a ry o f tra n sa c tio n s b y F ed e ral re se rve agents,
J a n u a ry 1 to D ecem b er 31, 1923, w ith to ta ls, 1916 to 1923............................. ......... ................................

105496°—s a 1923----- 2




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CONTENTS

T a b le
P age
653. B r an ch B a n k s : O p e ratio n o f b ran c h es o f F e d e ra l re se rv e b a n k s, to ta ls , 1920 t o 1923, a n d b y
b ran c h es, 1 9 2 3 -...........
554. E a r n in g s of F e d e r a l R e s e r v e B a n k s : A v e ra g e an n u a l ra te o fe a m in g s on ea rn in g assets o f a ll
F ed e ra l re se rv e b a n k s, 19 16 to 1923, a n d o f each b a n k , 1920, 1922, a n d 1923___ ______. . . _______
555. P rofit a n d L o ss A ccount of a l l F e d e r a l R e s e r v e B a n k s , 1 9 i4 to 1923, a n d o f ea ch h a n k ,
1923......
556. C le a r in g O p e r a t io n s o f each F e d e ra l re se rve b a n k , 1921, 1922 a n d 1923 a n d n u m b e r o f b a n k s
on p a r lis t, D ecem b er, 1 9 2 3 ................................. . ..............- - - - - - - - ..................................................................
557. M e m b e r B a n k s of F e d e r a l R e s e r v e S y s t e m : N a tio n a l a n d o th e r th a n n a tio n a l— n u m b e r,
c a p ita l a n d s u rp lu s, a n d t o t a l resources, 1914 to 1923----- ......................... ..............................................558. F e d e r a l R e s e r v e S yst e m : P rin c ip a l assets an d lia b ilitie s o f ab o u t 800 re p o rtin g m e m b er b a n k s
o f th e F e d e ra l re se rv e s y s te m in le a d in g cities, each m o n th , 1919 t o 1923........................ . . ............559. F e d e r a l R e s e r v e S y s t e m : P rin c ip a l assets a n d lia b ilitie s o f a ll in e m b e r b a n k s o f th e F e d e ra l
re se rv e sy ste m o n la s t re p o rt d a te in y e a r, 1914 to 1923; o f m em b er b a n k s o f ce n tra l re se rv o
cities, re se rve cities, an d c o u n try b a n k s, 1919 to 1923, a n d o f each F e d e ra l re se rv e district,' 1922
a n d 1 9 2 3 ............. .......................................................................1 .................................................... 1 ------------ ------560. F e d e r a l R e s e r v e S y s t e m : C lassificatio n o f lo an s o f a ll n a tio n a l b a n k s a n d S ta te b a n k a n d
t r u s t c o m p a n y m e m b ers o f t h e F e d e ra l re se rv e s y ste m , 1918 to 1923............... r ..................................
56 1. F e d e r a l L an d B a n k s : B u sin ess tra n sa c te d fro m O rganization, A u g u s t 7 , 1916, to O ctober
3 1, 1923, b y d is tric ts............ - ........................... ................- ..............- ................- .......................- --------- —— '
562. F e d e r a l L an d B a n k s : Loads' g ra n te d fro m o rg an izatio n , A u g u st 7 ,1 9 1 6 , t o O ctober 3 1, 1923,
b y S t a t e s ......... .......... . ....................................................................................1..........1 - - - ..........- . 1 - ------- ------563. N at io n a l F a r m L o an A sso c ia t io n s : L o an s m a d e fro m o rg an izatio n t o D ecem b er 31, 1923,
b y S t a t e s . . ...................................................................................................- ....................................................
564. F e d e r a l L a n d B a n k s : N u m b e r, ap p ra ise d an d sale v a lu e o f fa rm s so ld , am o u n t lo a n e d
th ereon , an d ra tio o f lo an s to ap p ra ise d a n d sale v a ltte a n d o f a p p ra ise d t o sate v a lu e ; y $ a r
en d in g N o v e m b e r 30, 1 9 2 3 ......................................... ......................- ................... --------------- ----------- . . . .
565. F e d e r a l L a n d S hanks : C o n so lid ated s ta te m e n t as o f D ecem b er 3 1 ,1 9 2 1 to 1923 . .........................637
566. J oint S to ck L a n d B a n k s : C a p ita l, su rp lu s, reserve, U n d ivid ed p ro fits, a n d lo an s in force D e ­
cem b er 3 1 , 1923, b y t it le o f b a n k . . . ................................... .................................................. ..................... . .
567. J oint S to ck L a n d B a n k s : C o n so lid ated s ta te m e n t a t close o f bu sin ess, 1921 to 1923................. _
568. I n t e r m e d iat e C r e d it B a n k s : C o n so lid ated sta te m e n t as o f D e c e m b e r 3 1 , 1923............... 1_____
569. W a r F in an ce C o r po r a t io n : S ta tu s o f ad van ces m a d e u n d e r a ll section s o f th e apt* A p r il 5,
1918,
t o N o v e m b e r 30, 1923.... .......... ........................................ T— ....................- .............
.
570. W a r F in a n c e C o r p o r a t io n : A d v a n c e s fo r a g ric u ltu ra l a n d liv e s to c k purposes, fro m A u g u st
24, 1921, to N o v e m b e r 30, 1923, b y S ta te s ........................................................................... ’
..............
571 W a r F in a n c e C o r p o r a t io n : A d v a n c e s fo r a g ric u ltu ra l a n d liv e s to c k p u rpo ses a n d t o assist
in fin a n cin g exp o rts to N o v e m b e r 30, 1923................................. ................. . . ......................__..............
572 . S u m m a r y o r P o st a l S a v in g s B u s in e s s sin ce th e esta b lish m e n t o f t h e s y s te m , 1 9 11 to 1 9 2 3 ..
573. P o st a l S a v in g s : S u m m a ry o f t h e b u sin ess fo r th e y e a r en d in g Ju n e 30, 1923, b y S ta te s ...........
574. S a v in g s B a n k s (in clu d in g p o sta l savin gs) o f p rin c ip a l co u n tries o f t h e w o r ld ........... . . 1 _________
575. S a v in g s B a n k D e p o sit s : N u m b e r o f depositors an d a m o u n t o f d ep osits in m u tu a l a n d sto ck
sav in g s b a n k s, to ta ls, 1914 to 1923, a n d b y S ta te s , 1922 an d 19231---------- ------- ----------------------576. B uild in g a n d io A N A sso c ia t io n s : N u m b e r, m e m b ersh ip , a n d assets—to ta ls , 1893 to 1922,
a n d b y S ta te s , 1916, 1921, an d 1922........ ........................... ..................................................... . ......................
577. C l e a r in g D o u se E x c h a n g e s : S u m m a r y b y geographic d ivisio n s, 1900 t o 1 9 2 3 _____ __________
573. N e w Y o r k C l e a r in g H o u se T r a n sa c t io n s , 1871 t o 1923.......................................... ..............................
579. C l e a r in g H o u se E x c h a n g e s b y C it ie s , 1 9 0 0 ,1 9 1 0 ,1 9 1 5 ,1 9 1 7 , an d 1919 to 19 2 3 . ...........................
580. D e b it s to I n d ivid u a l A ccounts : V o lu m e as re p o rte d b y h a n k s in 141 lea d in g cities—to ta ls, a ll
d istric ts, 1919 to 1923, a n d each d istric t, 1921 to 1923, b y m o n th s .....................................- .................
581 D e b it s to I n d iv id u a l A ccoun ts : V o lu m e re p o rte d b y b a n k s i p each o f 141 lea d in g cities, 1919
to 1 9 2 3 . . ........................................................................................ I ........................r ._ T................ ........................

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BUSINESS FINANCE
582. E xchange R ates in N e w Y ork for C able T ransfers, with averages and index percents
ages of p a r on p rin c ip a l fin a n c ia l cen ters, N o v em b er, 1918, y e a r ly a v e rag e , 1919, a n d m o n th ly ,
1920 to 1923 — ............... - ......................................... — ............ ............. ............ — 583. I nterest and A cceptance R at e s : C a ll m o n ey a n d tim e lo an s, N ew Y o r k , N . Y ., 1912 to 1921,
a n d accep tan ces, 1917 to 1921, h ig h a n d lo w , f ir s t f u ll w e ek of each m o n th ______ . . . ___ _____
584. I nterest an d A cceptance R a t e s : C a ll m o n e y , tim e lo a n s, a n d accep tan ces, N e w Y o rk ,
N . Y ., w e e k ly ran g e, 1922 a n d 1923............ ...................................................................................................665
585 F ire and M arine I nsurance B usiness in the U nited States; Stock Arin M utual C om­
panies , selected years, 1890 to 1922, and L lo y d 's and interinsurance companies, and total,
1905to 1922.......................... ...... ................................................ — - ......... - ...........
586 F ire I nsurance: O u tstan d in g risk s in th e U n ite d S ta te s on D ecem ber 31, 1877 to 1 9 2 2 ....----for FRASER

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587. F i r s ANnlAGHTNiNa I n su r a n c e B u s in e s s i n th e U n ite d S ta te s t r a n s a c t e d b y m e m b ers o f th e
N a tio n a l B o a rd o f F ite U n d e rw rite rs, 1918 to 1 9 2 2 .......... .................................................................... —_
588. F i r e s : C a le n d a r y e a r 1922, in cities h a v in g a p o p u la tio n o f 100,000 o r m o re....... _..............................
589. F i r s L o s s e s in t h e U n ited S t a t e s : T o ta l (e stim a te d ), c a le n d a r y e a rs 1875 t o 1922, a n d p e r
c a p ita lo ss, 19 18 to 1922, w ith a c tu a l c o m p a ra tiv e t o t a l a n d p e r c a p ita Ib&Cs i n re p o rtin g c itie s,
................................... ..................................................................................................—
19 18
to 1922,
590. L ife I n su r a n c e : F in an cial co n d itio n o f a n d a m o u n t o f busin ess tra n sa c te d b y a ll life in su ra n c e
co m panies 6 f t h e U n ite d S ta te s co m b in e d , selected c a len d ar y e a rs I9 6 0 t o 1 9 2 2 : ....... ....................
591. C u m u l a t iv e R e su l t s of O pe r a t io n s since O rgan ization to J a n u a r y 1 ,1 9 2 3 : P rin c ip a l
A m e ric a n life in su ran c e com panies co m b in e d , o rd in a ry a n d in d u s trih l com p an ies.......................
592. S u m m a r y of F in a n c ia l C ondition a n d P olicy A ccount o f a l l U n ite d S t a t e s L if e I n s u r a Ncm C o m p a n ie s , selected ca len d a r y e a rs 1850 to 1922................................................. ..............................
593. L ife I n su r an ce I ssu e d and T er m in ate d w ith m ode o f te rm in a tio n , a ll co m p an ies re p o rtin g
to N e w Y o r k in su ran c e d e p a rtm e n t, 19 19 to 1922.......... ..............................................................................
594. L if e I n su r a n c e I ss u e d a n d T e r m in a t e d A n n u a l l y , b y s u rre n d e r, la p se , change, an d
decrease, a ll com panies re p o rtin g to N ew Y o r k life in su ra n c e d e p a rtm e n t, I860 to 1922.............
595. L if e I n s u r a n c e : S u m m a r y o f fin a n c ia l c o n d itio n a n d p o lic y acco u n ts o f com panies re p o rtin g
to N e w Y o r k in su ran c e d e p a rtm e n t, sele cte d y e a rs 1859 to 1 9 2 2 _ .................................................
596. Or d in a r y a n d I n d u st r ia l L ife I n su r a n c e : B u sin ess w ritte n , 1 9 2 0 ,1 9 2 1 ,1 9 2 2 , a n d i n force
1922, b y S t a t e s ..................... ............................................................ ..................................................................674
597. L if e I n su r a n c e o f F r a t e r n a l O r d e r s in the U nited S t a t e s , selected calen d ar y e ars, 1901
to 1 9 2 2 ,__ ......................- .................................................................... .......................................................................
598. C a s u a l t y , S u r e t y *a n d M isc e l l a n e o u s I n su r a n c e (S t o c k C o m p a n ie s o n l y ) in the U nited
S t a t e s : F in a n c ia l c o n d itio n a n d b u sin ess tra n sa c te d , selected y e a rs , 1895 to 1922.......................
599. M u t u a l A ccident a n d S ic k B e n e fit A sso ciatio n s : F in a n c ia l c o n d itio n a n d bu siness tra n s ­
a c te d , selected ye ars, 1901 to 1922................................... ...................................................................................
600. M isc e l l a n e o u s I n su r a n c e b y C l a s s e s : P re m iu m s re c e iv e d , lo sses p a id , a n d ra tio fo r 1921
a n d 1922___ — C—
— ........................................... —
..............
601. D iv id e n d a n d I n t e r e st P a y m e n t s , c a le n d a r y e a rs 1 9 13 t o 1 9 2 3 . . . . . . ...........
602. C a p it a l I s s u e s : C o rp o ra te , fo reign g o v e rn m e n t; fa rm lo a n , a n d m u n ic ip a l, re p o rte d b y th e
C o m m e rc ia l a n d F in a n c ia l C h ro n ic le, 1 9 19 to 1923________________ ___________ ______ __________
603. N e w C a p it a l I s s u e s : D o m estic c o rp o ra tio n s, re p o rte d b y t h e N e w Y o r k J o u rn a l o f O om 4
m erce, 1907 to 1923........... 1 ................. ..............................................................................^........................................
604. N e w I n c o r po r a t io n s : A u th o riz e d c a p ita l o f n e w en te rp rise s c h a rte re d in th e U n ite d S ta te s
w h e re a u th o riz e d c a p ita l eq u aled o r exceeded $100,000, c a le n d a r y e a rs 1907 to 1923. ...................
606.
C o m m e r c ia l F a il u r e s : A n n u a lly sin ce51857 a n d m o n th ly fr o m 19 18 t o 1923..........
606. C o m m e r c ia l F a i l u r e s b y S ta t e s a n d G eogbaph io D iv is io n s * 1922 a n d 1923..................
607. F a il u r e s in M a n u f a c t u r in g , T r a d in g , a n d Oth er C o m m e r c ia l B u s in e s s , a n d B a n k
S u sp e n sio n s , I923r b y S ta te s a n d geo grap hic d iv is io n s .^ ............. _____................................................
608. F a il u r e s in M a n u fa c t u r in g , T r a d in g , a n d O th er C o m m e rc ia l B u s in e s s , b y b ran ch es o f
business, a n d b a n k su sp ension s, 1920 tQ 1923, w ith to ta ls fo r 1 9 10 to 1 9 1 0 ...................................

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609.
610.
6 11.
612.
613.

R eceipts a n d E x p e n d it u r e s of the U n ited S t a t e s G o v e r n m e n t : S u m m a r y , 1791 to 1923__
O r d in a r y R e c e ip t s o f the U nited S t a t e s G o v e r n m e n t ’,'b y M a jo r S o u r c e s : 1791 to 1923._
O r d in a r y E x p e n d it u r e s o f the U nited STa t e s G o v e r n m e n t ,.!^y m a jo r d a is e s , 1791 to 1 9 2 3 ..
R eceipts o f the U n ited S t a t e s G o v e r n m e n t , b y sources, y e a rs en d in g J u n e 3 0 ,19 2 2 a n d 1923.
E x p e n d it u r e s 9 F the U nited S t a t e s G o v e r n m e n t , b y M a jo r C lassific a t io n s , ye a rs en d ed
J u n e 30, 19 17 t o 1923....................................................... J „ _ l „ ......................................................................
614. E x p e n d it u r e s o f t h e U n ited S t a t e s G o v e r n m e n t , d e ta ils fo r y e a rs en d ed J u n e 30, 1922
an d 1923............................................................................................ ......................... ...................„ „ ..............692
615. A ppr o pr ia t io n s b y the C o n g r e s s o f the U nited S t at e s fo r fiscal y e a rs e n d e d Ju n e 3 0 ,1 9 1 4
to 19 2 4 . ................................... ......................................... ______........................................................................... ...
616. I n t e r n a l a n d C u st o m s R e v e n u e : A m o u n ts collected a n d expenses o f co llecting , 1878 to 1923. .
617. I n t e r n a l R e v e n u e : A m o u n t s co llected fro m p rin c ip a l sources, 1863 t o
___ 699
618. I n t e r n a l R e v e n u e : R e c e ip ts fro m ea ch sp e cific s o u rc e ,1921 t o 1923 ____ ______I ................. T___
619. I n t e r n a l R e v e n u e : In co m e a n d p ro fits ta x a n d m iscellan eou s receip ts, b y States,. 19 2 0 tq 1923. _
620. P e r s o n a l a n d C o r po r at io n in c o m e T a x R e t u r n s : S u m m a r y , I909 to l $21 __„
, ...............
621. C o r po r atio n I ncome T a x : G ro ss in co m e o f corp o ration s, b y in d u s tria l g roups, ca len d ar ye ars
19 17
t o 1921 ................ ...................... .......................... ............ , 1 .......................................................................
622. P e r s o n a l a n d C o r po r a t io n I ncome T a x R e t u r n s , b y S ta te s , c a le n d a r y e a r 1 9 2 1 -.................. „
623. P e r s o n a l I n c o m b T a x R e t u r n s : A n a ly s is , 19 16 t o 1921_____’ ............... 4 —
..............................
624. P e r s o n a l I n co m e T a x R e t u r n s : N u m b e r o f re tu rn s and' n e t in co m e, b y f a m ily re la tio n s h ip ,
1916
to 1921........................................................____!....................................................................................... .. —
625. P e r so n a
 l I ncome T a x R e t u r n s : R e tu rn s , n e t inco m e, t a r y ie ld , a n d a v e ra g e ta x ra te b y i n ­
com e classes,
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ 19 16 to 19 2 1 ...............................................................l ‘_ ................................................................

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626. P e r so n a l I n com e T a x R e t u r n s , c a len d a r y e a r 1921, a n a ly se s o f d is trib u tio n b y inco m e classes,
627. P e r so n a l I n com e T a x R e t u r n s , c a le n d a r y e a r 1 9 2 1: T o ta l in c o m e b y incom e? classes, d is­
trib u te d b y so urces o f in c o m e .................................................... ..........................—— ________*________
628. P e r so n a l I ncome T a x R e t u r n s , ca len d a r y e a rs 1 9 16 to 1 9 2 1: N u m b e r o f re tu rn s , n e t in co m e,
a n d ta x y ie ld b y S ta te s ......................................................... .................—.......................... . ...........................
629. P e r s o n a l I ncome T a x R e t u r n s , ca len d ar y e a r 19 2 1 : A n a ly s is o f d is trib u tio n b y S ta te s a n d
T errito ries............ ......................................................................... ............................... . . .........................................
630 P e r s o n a l I n com e T a x R e t u r n s , ca len d a r y e a r 1921: T o ta l in co m e b y S ta te s a n d T errito ries,
d is trib u te d b y sources o f in co m e—................................. —....................................................................—.
631 C o rpo ratio n I ncom e T a x R e t u r n s , c a len d ar y e a rs 1919, 1920, a n d 1921: N u m b e r o f re tu rn s ,
n e t in co m e, a n d t a x y ie ld , b y S ta te s a n d T e rrito rie s____ _______ ____________ ________________ —_
632. C o r po r atio n I ncom e T a x R e t u r n s : A n a ly s is fo r U n ite d S tates, c a le n d a r y e a rs 19 16 t o 1921,
an d b y S ta te s, J9 2 1.............................- ............................................................... ....................
633. C o r po r at io n I ncom e T a x R e t u r n s , ca len d ar y e a rs 1 9 16 t o 1921, b y in d u s tria l d iv is io n s...........
634. C o r po r at io n I ncom e T a x R e t u r n s , c a len d ar y e a r 1921, b y in d u s tria l d iv isio n s a n d in d u s trie s .
635. C a p it a l S to ck T a x R e t u r n s : D istrib u tio n b y in d u s tria l g ro u p s a n d b y size o f C apital stock
fa ir v a lu e (re tu rn s file d fo r 1922, J u l y 1 , 1 9 2 1 -Ju n e 30, 1922) ...............- ................................................
636. F e d e r a l E st a t e T a x R e t u r n s : R e tu rn s o f re sid e n t d ecedents d is trib u te d b y size o f n e t e sta te
(re tu rn s file d fro m J a n u a r y 16 to D ece m b er 31, 1922) w ith t o t a l fo r t h e p e rio d 1 9 1 6 t o 1921,
i n c lu s iv e ........................................................................... ........ ....................................—— - ........... ....... . ..........
637. P u blic D e b t o f th e U n ited S t a t e s : R e v is e d sta te m e n t, 1800 to 1923, w i t h in terest-b ea rin g
d e b t b y classes, a t specified d ates, 1913 to 1923— ...........................................„............. . . ......................
638. P u blic D e b t o f th e U nited S t a t e s : D e b t o u tsta n d in g b y specified lo an s, J u n e 3 0 ,1 9 2 3 _____
639. P u b lic D e b t of the U nited S t a t e s : T ra n sa ctio n s fr o m J u l y 1 , 1922, t o J u n e 30, 1923.................
640. P u blic D e b t of the U n ited S t a t e s : In te rest-b ea rin g d e b t, 19 19 t o 1923, d is trib u te d b y m a tu ri­
ties______ _______ — ..................... ..........................- ..............................................................................................
641 Ob l ig a t io n s o f F o re ig n G o v e r n m e n t s h e ld b y th e U n ite d S ta te s T re a s u ry , d ifferen tia tin g
p rin c ip a l a n d in te re s t as o f N o vem b er 1 5 ,1 9 2 3 , a n d t o ta l in d e b te d n ess as o f N o v e m b e r 16,. 1922.
642. F o r e ig n O b l ig a t io n s : P a y m e n t s o f p rin c ip a l a n d in te re s t o n ac co u n t o f lo a n s o f t h e U n ite d
S ta te s G o v e r n m e n t t o fo reig n g o vern m en ts, b y c o u n trie s______________________ 733
643. P a y m e n t s a n d L o a n s of the U n ited S t a t e s G o v e r n m e n t to C a r r i e r s : U n d e r sections 204,
209, a n d 2 1 0 o f t h e tra n sp o rta tio n a c t as a m e n d e d ...................,........... ............................................... . .
644. S e c u r it ie s O w n e d b y the U n ited S t a t e s G o v e r n e m n t , J u n e 3 0 , 1 9 2 3 . . . .......................................

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645. N a t io n a l W e a l t h , E s t im a t e s : T o ta l, 1860 to 1922, a n d b y classes, 1900 to 1922.............................
646. W e a l t h : E s tim a te d v a lu e o f ta n g ib le p r o p e rty s itu a te d i n ea ch S ta te o r g eog rap hic d iv is io n ,
b y classes o f p ro p e rty , 1 9 12 to 1922_______________ —________ ____________ __________________ . . .
647. W e a l t h : E s tim a te d v a lu e o f a ll ta n g ib le p r o p e rty s itu a te d In ea ch S ta te o r g eog rap hic d i v i ­
sion , t o t a l a n d p e r c a p ita , 1890 in 1 9 2 2 ............................ ......................................................................738

736
736

S T A T E , C IT Y , A N D L O C A L G O V E R N M E N T F IN A N C E S
648. T a x e s . T o ta l le v ie s o f a d v a lo re m g en eral p r o p e rty taxes o f S ta te s , co u n ties, a n d m in o r c iv il
d iv isio n s, b y S ta te s a n d geo grap hic d iv isio n s fo r specified y e a rs , 1860 to 1922 ________________
649. P u b lic D e b t : N e t d e b t (gross d e b t less sin k in g -fu n d assets) o f a ll classes o f G o v e rn m e n t o rg an i­
za tio n s i n t h e U n ite d S ta te s fo r sp ecified y e a rs , 1880 to 1 9 2 2 .______ ______ _______ ______________
650. S t a t e F in a n c e s : R e v e n u e re c e ip ts a n d g o v e rn m e n ta l cost p a y m e n ts o f t h e S ta te g o v ern m en ts,
19 2 2 ......................................................... — ...................................................................................................................
651. S t a t e F in a n c e s : P e r ca p ita re v e n u e re c e ip ts a n d g o v e rn m e n ta l co st p a y m e n ts , 1915 to 1919 an d
1922................................... ................................................................— ......................................................................
652. S t a t e F in a n c e s : R e v e n u e re ceip ts a n d g o v e rn m e n ta l co st p a y m e n ts , b y S ta te s m id geographic
a l v isio n s, 1 922...................... .............................................................................................. ............—____________
653. S t a t e D e b t s : Grogs d e b t, an d t o ta l a n d p e r c a p ita in d e b te d n ess, le s s sin k in g -fu n d assets o f th e
48
S ta te s co m b in ed , fo r specified y e a rs , 1880 to 1 9 2 2 .................................... ............................... ..........
654. L ocal G o v e r n m e n t D e b t : G ross d e b t less sin k in g -fu n d assets of co unties, in co rp o ra te d places,
a n d a l l o th e r c iv il d ivisio n s, b y S ta te s a n d geograp hic d ivisio n s, 1922................................................
655. D e b t s o f S t a t e s a n d L ocal G o v e r n m e n t s C o m b in e d : G ross d e b t le ss sin k in g -fu n d assets
o f S ta te s, co u n ties, cities, to w n s, villa g es, to w n sh ip s, sch oo l d istric ts, a n d a ll o th e r c iv il d iv i­
sion s, b y S ta te s a n d geographic d iv isio n s, fo r sp ecified y e a rs, 1880 t o 1 9 2 2 ......................................
656. D e b t s o f L o cal G o v e r n m e n t s : C o m b in e d gross d e b t less sin k in g -fu n d assets o f co u n ties,
cities, to w n s, villa g es, to w n sh ip s, sch ool d istric ts, a n d a ll o th e r c iv il d iv isio n s, b y S ta te s a n d
geograp hic d ivisio n s, fo r specified y e a rs, 1880 t o 1 9 2 2 _______ ____ _________________ __________
657. S t a t e D e b t s : N e t d e b t (gross d e b t le ss sin k in g -fu n d assets), t o t a l a n d p e r c a p ita , b y S ta te s
a n d geographic d ivisio n s, fo r sp ecified y e a rs, 1880 t o 1922. ................................ ........1 --------------------658 S t at e D e b t s : G ross d e b t, sin k in g -fu n d assets, a n d t o t a l a n d p e r c a p ita in d e b te d n ess less s in k ­
for FRASERd assets, b y S ta te s an d geograp hic d ivisio n s, 1922------------------------------------- ------- ---------in g -fu n

Digitized


739
740
740
740
741
742
742

743

744
745
746

CONTENTS
T ab le
P age
659. B onded I n d e b t e d n e ss o f S p a t e s , 1922: C lassified b y p u rp o se o f is s u e ..................... ........................
660. F in an c e s o f Oh j e s : R e v e n u e re ceip ts a n d g o ve rn m e n ta l co st p a y m e n ts , t o t a l an d p e r ca p ita ,
o f cities o f 30,000 o r m o re in h a b ita n ts , b y size groups, 1922, w ith to ta ls fo r 1 9 1 5 ___________ ___
661 F in an c e s o f C it ie s : S u m m a ry o f r e v e n u e re ceip ts a n d g o v e rn m e n t^ co st p a y m e n ts o f cities
o f 106,000 o r m o re in h a b ita n ts , t o t a l am o u n ts, 1922, a n d p e r c a p i t a 1 9 1 9 a n d 19 2 2 ........... ...........
662. F in a n c e s o f C it ie s : P rin c ip a l re v e n u e re c e ip ts, t o t a l an d p e r c a p ita , o f citie s o f 100,000 o r
m ore in h a b ita n ts , 1922.................................... ..................... ..................................... ............................................
663, F in an ce s o f C it ie s : G o v e rn m e n ta l cost p a y m e n ts fo r expenses o f g en eral d e p a rtm e n ts, t o ta l
a n d p e r c a p ita , of cities o f 100,000 or m ore in h a b ita n ts, 1922...................................................................
664 F in an ces of C it ie s : P e r c a p ita re v e n u e receip ts, p a y m e n ts fo r expenses, in te re s t, an d
o u tla y s, a n d n e t d e b t o u tsta n d in g a t th e d o se o f t h e y e a r, o f cities h a v in g a p o p u la tio n o f
100,000
o r m o re , 1 9 1 5 to I 9 2 2 L ______________. _______...............................................................................
665 F in an c e s o f C it ie s : C o m p a ra tiv e s u m m a ry o f p er c a p ita re v e n u e re ceip ts, g o v e rn m e n ta l cost
p a y m e n ts, a n d n e t d e b t o u tsta n d in g a t t h e close o f t h e y e a r o f 146 cities h a v in g a p o p u la tio n
o f 30,000 o r m o re i n 1903, fo r specified y e a rs , 190? to 1922........ ...................................._______. . . ____
*
666. F in a n c e s OF C it ie s : R e v e n u e re ceip ts, p a y m e n ts fo r expenses, in te re s t, a n d o u tla y s , a n d n e t
d e b t o u tsta n d in g a t close o f y e a r o f cities h a v in g a p o p u la tio n o f 30,000 to 100,000, 1922. .............
A R M Y , W A V Y , C IV IL

XXI
747
748
750
752
754

756

757
757

S E R V IC E , P E N S I O N S , V E T E R A N S * B U R E A U A C T I V I T I E S ,
E L E C T IO N S, E T C .

667. A r m y of the U nited S t a t e s : S tre n g th o f co m p o n en t p a rt s , 1 8 9 0 ,18 9 5 , a n d 1900 to 1923...........
761
668. N atio n al G u a r d : O rganized stre n g th , y e a r s en d ed J u n e 30, 1922 a n d 1923, b y S ta te s ...............
762
669. N a v y M a r in e C o r p s a n d N a v a l R e s e r v e F o r c e : O rganized s tre n g th , y e a rs en d ed Ju n e
30, 1903 to 1923.......... ............................... ........................................................ .......................................................
762
670. A r m y of the U n ited S t a t e s : E s tim a te d stre n g th , specified m o n th s, A p r il 1 ,1 9 1 7 , to N o v e m ­
b e r 1, 1 9 18 ........................................ ..........................................................................................................................
763
671 A r m y o f th e U nited S t a t e s : C o m p a ra tiv e stre n g th o n A p r i l 1 ,1 9 1 7 , a n d N o v e m b e r 1 1 ,1 9 1 8 ,
b y b ran c h es o f s e rv ic e ....... ....................................................... ..............................................................................
763
672. A m e r ic a n P o p u l a t io n * E m p lo y m e n t of, d u rin g th e W o rld W a r , b y sex a n d (occupation.........
763
673. N a v y : N u m b e r o f vessels f i t fo r se rv ic e a n d u n d e r co n stru ctio n , an d au th o rize d b u t n o t placed ,
b y specified classes, J a n u a r y 1, 1 9 2 4 . ......................... ............................................. .................................... ..
764
674. N a v y : N u m b e r a n d d isp lacem en t o f vessels o f th e U n ite d S ta te s N a v y fit for se rv ic e (in clu d ­
765
in g th o se u n d e r re p a ir), 1906, 1910 , 1915, 1920, a n d 1923............................................................ ..............
675. A m erican R e d C r o s s : E x p e n d itu re s o f th e n a tio n a l o rg an iz atio n (e xclu sive o f ch ap ters),
to ta ls, y e a rs en d ed Ju n e 30, 1921 a n d 1922, a n d b y classes o f ex p en d itu re, 1923 a n d 1924_______
765
676. A m e r ican R ed C r o s s : A n n u a l r o ll c a ll, to ta ls fo r t h e U n ite d S ta te s , 1919 to 1922 an d b y
t e rrito ria l d ivisio n s, 1923 ......................................................... ............................ ................. ............................
765
766
677. C iv il S e r v ic e : G ro w th o f th e e x e c u tiv e c i v i l se rv ic e a n d th e m e rit sy s te m , 1816 to 1 9 2 3 ..............
678. C iv il S e r v ic e : N u m b e r o f em p lo yees in th e F e d e ra l ex e c u tiv e c iv il s e rv ic e o n J u n e 30, 1916,
J u l y 3 1 ,1 9 2 1 , J u n e 30, 1922, a n d D ece m b er 3 1 , 1923, b y d e p a rtm e n ts o r offices, w ith to tals,
specified d a te s, 1 9 16 t o 1923...................................................................................................................................
766
679. C iv il S e r v ic e ; N u m b e r o f p e rso n s exa m in e d b y t h e C i v i l S e rv ic e C o m m ission , n u m b e r an d
per c e n t t h a t p a ssed , n u m b e r a p p o in te d , a n d a p p ro x im ate n u m b e r o f co m p e titiv e positions
in a ll b ran ch es o f th e classified se rv ic e fro m e sta b lish m e n t o f s y s te m , 1883 to 1923........ ...............
767
680. C iv il S e r v ic e R e t ir e m e n t : O p e ra tio n u n d e r t h e a c t o f M a y 22, 1920, y e a rs en d ed J u n e 30,
1921,
1922, a n d 1923___ _____________ ____________ _______ _____________ ___________ ________ ____
768
681. P e n sio n e r s : N u m b e r o n r o lls a n d am o u n ts o f d isb u rsem e n ts fo r p ensions b y y e a rs , 1866 to
1923,
b y w a rs, 1920 a n d 1923; t o t a l d isb u rsem en ts, b y w a rs , 1790 to 1923; a n d n u m b e r o n ro lls
J u n e 30, 1923, b y r a te s ____ ________ _______ _______________________ _________________ _______ ____
769
682. V e t e r a n s ’ B u r e a u : D isb u rse m e n ts fro m a p p ro p ria tio n s a n d t r u s t fu n d s a d m in iste re d b y
th e U n ite d S ta te s V e te ra n s ’ B u re a u , to J u n e 30, 1920, a n d y e a rs e n d ed J u n e 3 0 ,1 9 2 1 to 19 2 3 .
770
683. V o catio n al R e h a b ilit a t io n o f D is a b l e d V e t e r a n s : D isb u rse m en ts fro m a p p ro p ria tio n s
an d tru s t fu n d s to J u l y 1 , 1 9 2 3 ................................................................................................ ............................
770
684 V ocational R e h abilitatio n o f D is a b l e d V e t e r a n s : N u m b e r e n tered an d d isco n tin u ed
train in g to J u l y 1, 1921, 1922, a n d 1923, a n d n u m b e r i n tra in in g o n d ates sp e c ifie d . ...............
770
685. H o spitalizatio n : U n ite d S ta te s V e te ra n s ’ B u re a u ben eficiaries, y e a r en d ed J u n e 30, 1923.........
771
686. V e t e r a n s ’ I n su r a n c e a n d C o m p e n s a t io n : D e a th a n d d is a b ility a w a rd s, ye ars en d ed J u n e
3 0 ,1 9 1 7 to 1923.......... ................................................................................................................................................
772
687. G o v e r n m e n t L ife I n su r a n c e : V o lu m e o f in su ran c e in force a t e n d o f each fiscal y e a r a n d
p rem iu m s collected d ire c t b y U n ite d S ta te s V e te ra n s ’ B u re a u to J u n e 3 0 ,1 9 1 9 , an d y e a rs
en d ed J u n e 30, 1920 to 1 9 2 3 ........... ........................... ........... ................................... ..........................................
773
688. G o v e r n m e n t L if e I n su r a n c e : C lassificatio n o f c o n v e rte d in su ran c e a p p ro v e d to J u n e 30,
1 9 2 3 ........................ ............................................................................. ......................................................................
773
689. G o v e r n m e n t L if e I n su r a n c e F u n d : F in a n c ia l sta te m e n t o f fu n d s fro m o rig in M a y 3 1 ,1 9 1 9 ,
to Ju n e 30, 1923.................................. ....................................■
........... ........................... ........................................
774




XXII

CONTENTS

T ab le
P age
690. G o v e r n m e n t L ife I n su r a n c e : A n n u a l p rem iu m ra te s o a $l,000i in su ran c e b y specified torm s
o f in su ra n c e— - ............................................. - ....................... —
—
..........—............................
691. P o p u l a r V ote f o r P r e sid e n t ia l E l e c t o r s : B y p rin c ip a l p o litic a l p a rtie s, to ta ls , 1868 to
. 1 . ........... ...................................
1920, a n d b y S ta te s , 1920_ _ .................................. ..........- ........ —
692. E le c t o r al V o te fo r P r e sid e n t : B y p rin c ip a l p o litic a l p a rtie s a n d b y S ta te s , 1900 to 1920 —
693. A ppo rtio n m en t o f C o n g r e ssio n a l R e pr e se n t a t io n : R a tio s u n d e r th e C o n s titu tio n an d
a p p o rtio n m e n t, b y S ta te s, a t each census, 1790 to 1 9 10 ............................................................................

774
775
776
777

CLIMATE
694. C l im atic C o nditions : S elected cities in th e U n ite d S ta te s .......................................................................

779

STATISTICAL RECORD OF THE PROGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES
695. S tatistical R ecord

of the

P ro g re ss

of the

U nited S t a t e s , 1800 to 1923_.................................

790

COMMERCIAL AND OTHER STATISTICS OF THE PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES
OF THE WORLD
696. A r e a , P o pu lat io n , a n d R a i l w a y C om m un ication F a cilitie s o f th e P r in c ipal C o u n t r ie s
OF THE W ORLD.............................................. ................. —..................I_ —............................. ............. ..............
697. F o r e ig n T r a d e of the P rin cipal C o u n t r ie s of th e W o rld fo r 1913 a n d la te s t a v a ila b le
y e a r......................... ....................................... ................................................................................................................
698. P e r C a p it a F o r e ig n T r a d e a n d I n ten sity of R a h w a y , T e l e g r a p h , a n d P o stal D e v e l ­
o pm en t o f t h e p r in c ip a l co u n tries o f th e w o rld .............................................................................. - .........
699. D ist a n c e s fr o m N e w Y o r k , N e w O r l e a n s , S a n F r an cisco , a n d S e at t le to p rin c ip a l p o rts
o f th e w o rld an d to p rin c ip a l cities o f th e U n ite d S t a t e s ........................................................................




850
852
854
856

LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL
Department of,U o w ^rce?
B ureau of F oreign a n d Dome§tic Commerce,
W a s h in g to n j 1 9 2 4 -

S ir : I h a v e the honor to su b m it h erew ith fo r p u blication the fo rty sixth annual issue of th e S ta tistic a l A b stra c t of th e U nited S tates.
A s in previou s years, this publication has been p rep ared in the re­
search division.
The 1922 issue of the S ta tistic a l A b stra c t w as som ew hat shortened
b y the omission of obsolete and too detailed d ata, and beginning w ith
the 1923 issue a com plete revision has been un d ertaken in ord er to
coordinate th e publication w ith the Commerce Y earb oo k w ith the
aim of securing m ore com plete and b etter balanced covering of the
field of economic and social statistics. Im p rovem en t has been m ade
in the fo rm o f tables and in the sty le of p rin tin g and considerable
condensation effected through the use of averages of periods of
years and b y the expression of figures in thousands and in m illions.
This revision is n ot y e t fu lly com pleted, and fu rth e r changes are
contem plated fo r the n ex t issue. I t is planned to discontinue the
S ta tis tic a l R ecord of the Progress of th e U n ited S ta te s in its present
form and to su b stitu te tw o sep arate tables, one showing recent
m ovem ents fo r a large num ber of phenom ena and another in ap­
p ro x im ately th e sam e form as the present Progress T able covering
o n ly th e m ost im p o rtan t sta tistica l series.
In view of these alteration s and others in prospect, criticism s and
suggestions from users of the A b stra c t w ill be especially welcome.
P ra c tic a lly all of th e m an y G overnm ent offices and p riv a te agencies
origin ally com piling the d ata appearing in th e A b stra c t h a v e aided
m a te ria lly in th is revision. Special m ention in this connection is due
the follow ing offices of the F ed eral G overn m en t: The B u reau of
th e Census and th e B ureau o f Fisheries of th e D epartm ent of Com­
m erce; the B ureau of A g ricu ltu ral Economics and th e W e ath er
B u reau of the D epartm ent of A g ricu ltu re; th e B u reau of L ab or
S ta tistic s of the D epartm ent of L ab or; th e B u reau of R eclam ation
and th e B u reau of E ducation of the D epartm ent of the In terio r;
the sta tistica l division of the Incom e T ax U n it, T reasu ry D ep art­
m ent; the V etera n s’ B u reau ; th e In te rsta te Commerce Commission;




XXIII

X X IV

LETTER

OF TR AN SM ITTAL

the United States Shipping Board; and the division of analysis
and research of the Federal Reserve Board. Valuable aid has also
been given by the Bureau of Railway Economics; the New York
Produce Exchange; the Bureau of Canals, State of New York De­
partment of Public Works, and by many individual users of the
Abstract.
Respectfully,
Julius K lein ,
Director o f Bureau.

To Hon. H erbert H oover,




Secretary o f Commerce.

EXPLANATORY NOTES
The condensed statistics contained in this volume, unless otherwise stated in
connection with the individual tables, represent, or are based upon, official
figures collated and published under the various laws of the United States or
those of other countries to which they may relate. The sources to which the
various tables are credited will indicate where application should be made for
additional details, with the exception that certain tables for which no credit
appears are derived from regular reports of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic
Commerce, Department of Commerce, and that Table No. 695 is derived largely
from corresponding data presented for shorter periods in previous tables.
General Imports.—Tables Nos. 486 and 489 embrace imported articles entered at the customhouses for
immediate consumption and imported articles entered for warehouse. The statements of im
ports en
tered
fcr consum
ption Tables Nos. 492 and 493, embrace imported articles entered for immediate consumption
and imported articles withdrawn from warehouse for consumption. The statement of general im
ports
and the statement of im
ports enteredfor consum for any period should, therefore, differ to the extent
ption
that the value of entriesfor w
arehouse for the period differs from the value of w
ithdraw fromw
als
arehouse
fcr consum
ption. The term “ entry for consumption” is the teehincal name of the import entry made at
the customhouse and does not imply that the goods have been actually consumed, but simply that they
have been delivered into the custody of the importer, and that the duties have been paid on the dutiable
portion. Some of them may be afterwards exported.
Import value.—The value of imported merchandise as shown in the statistical tables up to and including
May, 1921, represents the “ actual market value or wholesale price thereof at the time of exportation to the
United States, in the principal markets of the country from whence exported, including the value of all
containers or coverings, whether holding liquids or solids, and all other costs, charges, and expenses inci­
dent to placing the merchandise in condition, packed ready for shipment to the United States,” as defined
in section III, paragraph R of the tariff act of 1913.
Beginning with June, 1921, the import value represents either the actual foreign market value, as defined
above, or “ the export value, including any export tax imposed by the country of exportation” as defined
in section 302 of the emergency tariff act of May 27,1921, whichever value is higher.
Domestic exports.—Tables Nos 485 and 490 exhibit the exports of domestic products or manufactures,
also exports of commodities of foreign origin which have been changed from the form in which they were
Imported or enhanced in value by further manufacture in the United States, such as sugar refined in this
country from imported raw sugar, flour ground from imported wheat, and articles and utensils made from
imported metals, etc. The value of exports of domestic merchandise is their value at the time of exporta­
tion in the ports of the United States whence they are exported. (Rev. Stat. 337, and act of April 29, 1902.)
Foreign exports.—Table No. 491, called “ foreign exports” or “ reexports,” exhibits exports of foreign
merchandise which had been imported. The value of such commodities exported from “ warehouse” is
their import value. The value of such commodities exported “ not from warehouse,” comprising free
goods mainly, is the value at the ports of the United States whence they are exported.
Weights and measures.—The term “ ton,” as applied to weight, is specified “ long” (2,240 pounds) or
“ short ” (2,000 pounds). The term “ ton,” as applied to vessel measurement, is specified as “ net,” equal
to 100 cubic feet of carrying capacity exclusive of deductions for space occupied by cabins, machinery, etc.,
or “ gross,” equal to 100 cubic feet of the entire carrying capacity inclusive of such space. “ Dead-weight
tonnage ” is also applied to vessel measurement, and is intended to be a measure of cargo-carrying capacity.
It is the difference between the -displacement of the vessel when loaded and when light, in steaming con­
dition, hut without crew, stores, water, or fuel on hoard. The term “ M feet” used in connection with
the measure of lumber, etc., signifies 1,000 feet board measure, a “ foot” of such measure being 1 foot long,
1foot wide, and 1 inch or less in thickness. “ Cubic feet” or “ cords,” as applied to the measurement of
lumber, pulpwood, etc., signifies cubic contents. According to section 3249, Revised Statutes, “ Proof
spirits shall he held to be that alcoholic liquor which contains one-half its volume of alcohol of a specific
gravity of 0.7939 at 60° Fahrenheit.” The official gallon prescribed is one containing 231 cubic inches, or
58,372.2 grains equal to 8.3389 pounds of distilled water at its maximum density, weighed in air of a tempera­
ture of 62° Fahrenheit and barometric pressure of 30 inches. The taxable gallon differs from the proof
gallon by reason of the fact that in computing taxable gallons under section 3251, Revised Statutes, all
fractional parts of a gallon less than one-tenth are excluded.




XXV




STATISTICAL ABSTRACT OF THE UNITED STATES

AREA AND POPULATION
No. 1.— TERRITORIAL EXPANSION OF THE UNITED STATES
(N o te .—Gross areas, in c lu d in g la n d an d w a te r, b u t no t w a te r su rface of oceans, G u lf of M exico , and
G reat L a k e s]

A ccession

D ate

Gross
a re a ,
sq u a re
m iles

1803
1819
1819
1845
1846
1848
1853

Gross
a re a ,
sq u a re
m iles

D ate*

I

3 ,0 2 6 ,7 8 9
8 9 2 ,13 5
827,987
58 ,6 6 6
1 3 ,4 3 5
3 8 9 ,16 6
286, 541
52 9,189
29 ,6 7 0

t

3, 743,529

C ontinental U n ited S ta te s . L..........
T e rrito ry in 1790 K . ...............
L o u isia n a P u rc h a se ..................
F lo rid a ............ .................................
B y tr e a t y w it h S p a in ..............
T e x as........................._......................
O regon. ...........................................
M ex ic an C essio n ...... . .............
G ad sd en P u r c h a s e .._______

o

A ggregate (192 3) _________

A ccession

A la s k a ..............................................
H a w a ii__________
P h ilip p in e I s l a n d s . .. ______
P orto R ic o ....................................
G u am _______________
A m erica n S a m o a ........................
P a n a m a C a n a l Zone_______
V irg in I s la n d s of th e U n ite d
S t a t e s _________ ______

1867
1898
1899
1899
1899
1900
1904

716,7 40
590,884
6,4 49
115,026
3,4 35
210
77
527

1917

132

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.
1
Includes drainage basin of Red River of the North, not a part of any accession, but in the past some­
times considered a part of the Louisiana Purchase.
'

No. 2. — DATES OF ORGANIZATION OF STATES AND TERRITORIES
Date of
organization
State

Terri­
tory

State

ORIGINAL STATES, 1789

,

New Hampshire__________ _____________
_
_
___________ '
Massachusetts_________
Rhode Island.................................................
........
VUUJUvvl/lvUv«

ro u u o jiv o iu a ...- —

__ - — - - —
.

^^ - - - —

— -—
—

—

Maryland
______
_____
Virginia
Nnrt.h Pflrnlirifl ^———
1 I Ul ellKJ oi Ullllp<
—
—
. . . . . . .
Smith nurnlinn.
uUUvU tJctlUlilla.-------------------------------------.Georgia____________________ _______ j__
______
_
STATES ADMITTED WITHOUT PRE­
VIOUS TERRITORIAL ORGANIZA­
TION 1

Vermont..............
.........................
.
....................
...
Kentucky.............................................
.
...................
M a in e . _____
____________
-m-~____________
_
Texas___ ______________________________________
1
West Virginia_______________________________

1791
1792
1820
3 1845
1863

STATES WITH PREVIOUS TERRI­
TORIAL ORGANIZATION

Tennessee..............
.................................................. 1790
„ a
41787
Ohio..................................................................................
Louisiana....................................................................
1804
Indiana
_______
1800
Mississippi. ________ ___________ ___ 1798
_

STATES W
ITH PREVIOUS TERRI­
TORIAL ORGANIZATION—COntd.

Terri­
tory

State

i

1809 >1818
Alabama
,1817 3 1819
Missouri^ .............................
1812
1821
.
Arkansas........................ ............................... 1819
1836
Michigan___________________________
_
_
1805
1837
1845
Florida..
__________
- .............. 1822
1838
Iowa.................................................................................
1846
Wisconsin.—............... ...............................
...
.
.
1848
1836
s 1847
1850
....................................................
MimieSotS........................
........... .......... 1849
1858
Oregon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1848. . . . . .1859 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.....
.....
Kansas..__________________________________ 1854
_
1861
1864
Nevada™...................................... 1861
1867
Nebraska. .............
......... ........... ........... 1854
Colorado.....................................
1861
1876
1889
North D akota.............................. 6 1861
South Dakota............... ...........................61861
1889
Montana_______
____________________________ 1864
.
1889
Washington
' J
1853
1889
1890
Idaho
1863
Wyoming________________________________ 1868
..
1890
Utah.................................................................................
1850
1896
1907
Oklahoma__________________
_
_________________ 1890
Nay Mexico^.. ___________________________ 1850
1912
1912
A r iz o n a ....^ ™ ...............
--------------------- 1863
_______
_________
................................. i _
, fc.
______
*

NOn "Vnrlr V-_ nr
liT IT A ul X
—
New Jersey..________
______ . ___ ___
1/CloVf tU O -p

Date of
organization
.State

1796
1803
1812
* 1816
3 1817

TERRITORIES, ETC.

District of Columbia_____. . . . . . ______
Alaska.______ ■
_
j__j
...
Hawaii.._______
_____ ________
_____ _

1790
1912
1900

7

1791

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce,
*Vermont and Texas had been independent republics; Maine had been under jurisdiction of Massa*
chusetts; Kentucky and West Virginia were set off from Virginia.
^
aJoint resolution of Congress.
1
a• Territory of the United States, south Of the river Ohio,” ceded from North Carolina, containing more
*
territory than the present State of Tennessee.
4“ Territory northwest of the Ohio River,” containing more territory than the present State of Ohio,
s " Military territory,” containing more territory than the present State of California.
4 Dakota Territory.
f Federal area, under supervision of Congress.




1

AREA AND

2

No. 8.— AREA; S tates

and

POPULATION

G eograph ic D iv isio n s , 1920
Area (square miles)

Area (square miles)
States and divisions

States and divisions
Land

Water

Co n t i nent a l
United States, 2,973,774
N ew E n g lan d _ ____
_
M a i n e . . ................ ..
N ew H a m p s h ir e .. .
V erm o n t__________
M a s s a c h u s e tts ..........
R h o d e I s la n d _____
C o n n e c tic u t______
M id d le A tla n tic_____
N ew Y o r k ________
N ew J e r s e y .......... ..
P e n n s y lv a n ia ..........
E ast N orth C e n tra l___
O hio_________ ____
I n d ia n a - .......................
Illin o is...........................
M ic h ig a n ................. __
W isco n sin ....................
W est N orth C e n t r a l...
M in n e s o ta ________
Io w a ............................
M is s o u r i......................
N o rth D a k o ta ...........
S o u th D a k o ta ............
N e b ra s k a .....................
K an sa s...........................
South A tlan tic _______
D e la w a re ......................
M a r y la n d .....................

Land

Total

53,015 3,026,789

61,976 4,448
29,895 3,145
9,031
310
440
9,124
227
8,039
1,067
181
145
4,820
2,554
100,000
47,654 U,550
710
7,514
3294
44,832
245,564 2,541
40,740
2300
36,045
2309
3622
56,043
57,480
3 500
65,256
3810
510,804 7,575
80,858 23,824
561
55,586
68,727
664
70,183
76,868
747
712
76,808
384
81,774
269,071 13,839
1,965
405
9,941
2,386

66, 424
33.040
9,341
9,564
8, 266
1, 248
4,965
102,554
49,204
8,224
45,126
248,105
41.040
36,354
56; 665
57,980
56,066
518,379
84,682
56,147
69,420
70,837
77, 615
77,520
82,158
282,910
2, 370
12,327

South Atlantic-Con.
Dist. of Columbia.
Virginia--------------West Virginia.........
North Carolina___
South Carolina----Georgia.............
Florida__________
East South Central___
Kentucky________
Tennessee________
Alabama...,.--------Mississippi^—.........
West South Central. __
Arkansas___
Louisiana—..
Oklahoma...
Texas..........
Mountain____
Montana....
Idaho,______
Wyoming—
Colorado----New Mexico.
Arizona.......
Utah............
Nevada-----Pacific___. . . .
Washington.
Cahfornial-

60
40,262
24,022
48,740
30,495
58,725
54,861
179,509
40,181
41,687
51,279
46,362
429,746
52,525
45,409
69,414
869,009
146,181
83,354
97,648

Water

10

2,365
148
3, 686
494
540
3,805
1,974
417
335
719
603
8,048
810
3,097
643
3,498
534
366
290
131
146
2,806

113,810
82,184
109,821
318,096
66,836 *2,291
96,607 1,092
155,652 2,645

Total

70
42,627
24,170
52,426
59, 265
58,666
181,483
40,598
42,022
51,998
46,865
437,794
53,335
48,506
70,057
265,896
865,017
146,997
83,888
97,914
103,948
122,634
113,956
84,990
110,690
324,123
69,127
96,699
158,297

Source: Bureau of the Census; Department of Commerce.
1
Does not include the water surface of the oceans.the Gulf of Mexico, or the Great Lakes, the Strait
of Juan de Fuca, and the Gulf of Georgia, lying within the jurisdiction of the United States.
3 Exclusive of Great Lakes.
3 Exclusive of water area of the Strait of Juan de Fuca and the Gulf of Georgia.

No. 4.— AREA AND POPULATION: C ontinental U nited S t ate s , 1790 to 1920
[Note.—The enumeration of 1870 was incomplete in the Southern States. The last column shows the esti­
mated rate of increase each decade with correction for that census]
Population

Area (square miles)

Increase over preceding census

Census yew:
Gross

..........
1790
1800..................
1810.........— ___
1820..................
1830..
1840
1850__________
1860....... ......... .
1870..................
1880..................
1890..................
1900
1910..................
1920.......... —

892.135
892.135
1,720,122
1,792; 223
1,792, 223
1,792,223
2,997,119
3.026.789
3.026.789
3,026, 789
3.026.789
3.026.789
3.026.789
3.026.789

Land

867.980
867.980
1,685,865
1.753.588
1.753.588
1.753.588
2,944,337
2.973.965
2.973.965
2,973,965
% 973,965
2,974,159
2,973,890
2,973,774

Water

24.155
24.155
34,257
38,636
38,635
38,635
52,782
52.824
52.824
52.824
52.824
62,630
52,899
63,015

Number

3,929,214
5,308,483
7,239,881
9,638,453
12,866,020
17,069,453
23,191,876
31,443,321
38,558,371
50,155,783
62,947,714
75,994,575
91,972,266
105,710,620

Source: Bureau of the Census; Department of Commerce.
1 Based on land area.




Per
square
mile *

4. 5
6.1
4.3
5.5
7.3
9. 7
7.9
10.6
13.0
16.9
21.2
25,6
30.9
35.5

Number

1,379,269
1,931,398
% 398,572
3,227,567
4,203, 433
6,122,423
8,251,445
7,115,050
11,597,412
1^ 791,931
13,046,861
15,977,691
13,738,354

Per
cent

35.1
36.4
33.1
33.5
32. 7
35.9
35.6
22.6
sa 1
25.5
2a 7
2L0
14.9

Corrected
percent
estimated

26.6
26.0

AREA AND POPULATION

No. 5.—POPULATION: C ontinental U nited S tates
sessions ,

19 10

Outlying P os­

and

1920

and

[N ote .—These data represent actual enumerations, not estimates, as in Table d. For several of the out­
lying possessions they relate to dates other than 1910 and 1920, as indicated by footnotes. The census
of Continental United States was as of date Apr. 15 in 1910 and Jan. 1 in 1920]

G ross a re a
(la n d a n d
w a te r) in
s q u a re m iles

A rea

U n ited States, # ith o u tlyin g p o ssessions

......

■'

C o n tin e n ta l U n ite d S t a t e s ____ - ....................................... ..........................
O u tly in g p o s s e s s io n s ..-._______________________________ _
A la s k a _________ i.‘_______________.________________ _____ i
A m e ric a n S a m o a _______________________________________
G u a m .__________ ______ I - ______ ________ _____
H a w a ii_______ _________________________________________
P a n a m a C a n a l Z o n e.__ _
___________•___ __________
P o rto Rion ...
_ .
_
_ ..
_
M ilit a r y a n d n a v a l, e t c ., serv ices a b ro a d ......................................
P h ilip p in e I s la n d s _ ____ _
_______ V irg in I s la n d s o f th e U n ite d S ta te s _____________________
T o ta l C u sto m s A rea—C o n tin e n ta l U n ite d S ta te s ,
A la sk a , H a w a ii, a n d P o rto R i c o . . ........................................

P o p u la tio n
1910

1920

8,743,629

101,146,630

117,828,165

3,026,789
716,740
596,884
77
210
6,449
527
3,435
115,026
132

91,972,266
9,174, 264
64,356
17,251
11,806
191,909
162,810
1,118,012
65,608
2 7,635,426
* 27,086

105,710,620
1 2 , 11%545
55,036
8i 056
13; 275
255,912
22,868
1,299,809
117,238
8 10,314,310
«26,051

3,627,557

93,346,543

107,321,377

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.
1 Population in 1912.
3 Population in 1903.

3 Population Deo. 31,1918.
4 Population in 1911.

6 Population Nov, 1,1917

No. 6 . — POPULATION: A n n ual M id y e a r E st im a t e s
and

Year

fo r the

U nited S ta t e s

C ertain O utlyin g A r e a s , 1 9 0 0 to 19 2 3
Continental
United
States

H a w a ii

1900.
1901.
1902.
1003.
1904-

76,129,408
77,747,402
79,365,396
80,983,390
82,601,384

154,321
158,159
161,997

1905.
1906.
1907.
1908.
1909.

Porto Rico

Philippine
Islands

Panama
Canal Zone

169,675

979,131
994,927
1,010,724
1,026,521

7,691,824
7,861,016

84,219,378
85,837,372
87,445,366
89,073,360
90,691,354

173,614
177,353
181,192
185,031
188,870

1,04% 318
1,05(8,115
1,073; 912
1,089,709
1,105,506

8,030,208
8,199,400
8,368, 592
8, 537, 784
8,706,977

19101911.
1912„
1913.
1914-

92,267.080
93,682,189
95,097,298
96,512,407
97,927, 516

193,282
199,874
206,466
213,058
219,650

1,121,913
1,140,638
1,159,364
1,178,090
1,196,816

8,876.170
9,045,363
9,214,556
9,383,749
9,552,942

1915.
1916.
1917.
1918.
1919.

99,342,625
100,757,735
102,172,845
103,587,955
105,003,065

226,243
232,836"
239,429
246,022
252,615

1,215,542
1,234,268
1,252,994
1,271,720
1,290,446

9, 722,135
9,891,328
10,060, 521
10,229,714
10; 398,906

323*295

1920.
1921.
1922.
1923.

106,418,175
107,833,284
109,248, 393
110,663,502

259,208
265,800
272,392
278,9$4

1,309,172
1,327,897
1,346,623
1,365; 349

10,568,098
10,737,290
10,906,482
11,075,674

821,650
3?3,757
323,671
823,671

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.
1 Enumeration by Canal Commission.
3 Police census.
3 Police census, excluding persons in military and naval service.




161,279
157, 400
« 37,706
a31,160
331,048
321,707
321,759

POPULATION BY STATES

4

No. 7 . - POPULATION BY STATES
[N ote .— T he

census of 1870 in the

Population
State
1790

1800

1810

1820

1880

1840

1850

1860

U nited States____ 3,999,214 6,308,483 7,239,881 9,638,453 812,866,020 817,069,453 23*191,876 31,443,321
England , .r * r- 1,009,408 1,233,011 1,471,973 1,660,071 [v l f 954^717
3,135,283
399,465
501,793 583,169 628,279
96,640 151,719 228,705 298,335
_______
M aine
269,328
284,574 h 317* 976 326,073
N ew H am p sh ire..**. r 141,886 183,868 214,460 244,161
V erm ont __ ____ 86,425 154,466 217,895 235, '981
280,652
.291,948 314,120 315,098
M assanhiisetts.. .. _r
610,408
737,699 994,514 1,331,068
378,787 422,846 472,040 523,287
R hode Island . _____
108,830 147,546 174,620
68,825 69,122 76,931 83,059
97,199
C o n n e c tic u t.. __________ 237,946 251,002 261,942 275,246
309,978 370,792 460,147
297,675
fflddlA A tl^tin,
968,632 1,402,665 2,014,702 2,699,845 6,587,664 4,626,260 6.698.785 7,458,985
.. N ew Y ork
.
340,120 689,061 959,049 1,372,812 1,918,60$ 2,428,921 3,097,394 3,880,735
373,306 489,555 672,035
N ew Jersey___ r _____ 184,139 211,149 245,562 277,675 - 320,823
P ennsylvania __________* 434,373 602,365 810,091 1,049,458 1,348,233 1,724,033 2.311.786 2,906,215
Worth Central
61,006 272,324 792,719 1,470,018 2,924,728 4,523,260 6,926,884
O hio. . .
987,903 1,519; 467 1,989,329 2*339,511
45,365 230,760 581,434
Indiana ______
686,866 988,416 1,350,428
343,031
5,641 24,520 147,178
Illinois
_________
12,282 55,211
157,445
476,183 851,470 1,711,951
M intrigan _ .
8,896
4,762
31^639
212,267 397,654 749,113
W isconsin _________
30,045 305,391 775*881
West Worth Central._____
19,783 66,686
140,455
2,169,832
426,814
M innesota
172,023
Iow a _________________ _____
674,913
M issouri ___________________
66,<586 140,455
* 19,783
1,182*012
■ i
, j . ..
N orth D a k o ta .. .. (6)
Smith D ak ota
8 4,837
N ebraska - _
28,841
K ansas __________________ _
107,200
South A tlantic____ _____ 1,851,806 2,286,494 2,674,891 3,061,068 ’3,645,752
4,679,090 5,364,703
D elaw are___ ___ J ____ 69,096 64,273 72,674 72,749
76,748
91,632 112,216
M aryland
319,728 341,648 380,546 407,350
470,019 683,034 687,049
447,040
33,039
39,834
43, 712
D istricto f C olu m b ia.
14,093 24,023
51,687
75,080
V irginia________ . . . . . 747,610 880,200 974,600 1,065,366 1,311,405 1,239,797 1,421,661 1,696,318
W est V irg in ia * . ........
N orth C arolina ................. 393,751 478,103 555,500 638,829
737,987
763,419 869,039 99^622
South C arolina _________ 249,073 345,691 415,115
581,185
394,398 668,507 703,708
Georgia. _
82,548 162,686 252,433
516,823
691,392 906,185 1,057,286
Florida______________
34,730
54,477
87,445 140,424
East South Central.___ 109,368 386,407 708,690 1,190,489 1,815,969 2, 575; 445 3,363,271 4,0%?991
K entuck y
73,677 220,955 406,511 564,317
779,828 982,405 1,155,604
687,917
T ennessee
flT. ___ 35,691 105,602 261,727 ,422,823
829; 210 1,002,717 1,109,.801
081,904
309,'527 ' 690,756 771,623 964,201
127,901
Alabam a *
M ississippi
.......
8,850 40,352 75,448
136,621
375; 651 606,526 791,305
77,618 167,680
340,-127
449,985 940,251 1,747,007
Wert South Central.
Arkansas
71,062 14,273
30,-388 ' 97,574 209,897 435,450
Louisiana
352,411 517,762 708,002
215,739
76,556 153,407
O k la h om a .. ,..„ ^ W
T
T
*
T exas.
^...... . ..
212,592 604,215
*
M ountain............
73,927
174,923
M ontan a____________
Id a h o ...
W yom ing____
Colorado.
§£$77
N ew M exico _
61,547
93,510
A rizo n a ____
U ta h .................................
11,380
40,573
N evada
__
6,857
P acific________________
105,891 444,053
W ashington_________
11,594
O regon______________
13,294
52,465
California
92, 597 379,994
*
Source: B ureau o f th e C ensus, D ep artm en t of Com m erce.
1 A m in u s sign (—) denotes decrease.
3 Includes p opulation (326,464) o f In dian Territory and In dian reservations, specially enum erated in
1890, b u t n ot included in th e general report on population for 1890.
Includes persons (6,318
 division or in 1830 and 6,100 In 1840) on public ships in the service of th e U n ited States not
credited to any
State.
IV a c t



M

■•US
i

5

POPULATION BY STATES
AT EACH CENSTTS, (JL790, fO 1920
S o u th e rn S ta te s is co nsid ered in co m p lete]
P e r ce n t in ­
crease!

P o p u la tio n — C o n tin u ed

ita n k in
p o p u la tio n
S ta te

1830

*

1890 *

1900

1910

1920 ;

i wo­
rn *

mfb

88,658,371 60,155,783 62,947,714 75,994,576 91,972,266 105,710,620

2 1 .0

14 .9

3 ,4 8 7 ,9 2 4
4,7 0 6 ,7 4 4 6 ,5 9 2 ,0 17 6 ,5 5 2 ,6 8 1
648,936
626,916
661,-086
742,371
694,46C
346,991
318,3 00
376,530
4 11,5 8 8
430,572
332,422
332,286
343,641
330,661
355, 956
1 ,4 5 7 ,3 5 1 1 ,7 8 3 ,0 8 5 2 ,2 38,9 47 2 ,8 05,3 46 3 ,3 6 6 ,4 16
428,556
345, $0f
217,363
276,531
$42,610
622,700
908,420 1 ,1 1 4 ,7 5 6
537,454
7 4 6 ,^ 8

111
6 .9
4 .6
3 .6
20 :0
26. Q
22 .7

12 .9
8 .6
2 .9
—1 .0
14 .4
1 1 .4
23 .9

8 ,8 10 ,8 0 6 1 0 ,49 8,878
4,3 82, ffl9 5,0 8 2 ,8 7 1
90 6,096 1 ,1 3 1 ,
3; 52 1,954

%
lt

1 2,70 9,220 15,45 4,678
6 ,0 0 3 ,1 7 4 7,268,894
1 ,444 ,933 1,883,60S
5 ,2 5 8 ,1 1 3 6 ,3 0 2 ,1 1 5

7 ,4 00,9 09
768,014
443,083
352,428
3,8 52,3 56
6Q4,897
1,380^631

1 9 ,8 15 ,8 9 2 2 2 ,2 6 1 ,1 4 4
0 ,1 1 3 ,6 1 4 10,38 5,227
?, 537,167 3 ,1 5 5 ,0 0 0
7 ,6 6 5 ,1 1 1 8 ,7 2 0 ,0 17 '

15,98 5,681 1 8 ,2 5 0 ,6 2 1 2 1 ,4 7 6 ,5 4 3
4 ,1 5 7 ,5 4 5 4 , 7«7, 121 6 ,7 59,3 94
2 ,5 10 ,4 6 2 2 ,7 0 0 ,8 7 6 2 ,9 3 0 ,3 9 0
4,8?i,65C 5,638, 591 6,4 8 6 ,2 8 0
2 ,4 2 0 ,9 8 2 2 ,8 1 0 ,1 7 3 3 ,6 6 8 ,4 12
2 ,0 6 9 ,0 4 2 2 ,3 3 3 ,8 6 0 2,6 32,0 67

, 25. 4
84.7

2fl. 6

9 ,1 2 4 ,6 1 7
2,6 6 5 ,2 6 0
1 ,6 8 0 ,6 3 7
2,5 3 9 ,8 9 1
1 ,18 4 ,0 5 9
1 ,0 5 4 ,6 7 0

1 1,2 0 9 ,6 6 8
3 ,1 9 8 ,0 6 2
1 ,9 7 8 ,3 0 1
3 ,0 7 7 ,8 7 1
1 ,6 3 6 ,9 3 7
1 ,3 1 5 ,4 9 7

1 3 ,4 7 8 ,3 0 6
3,6 72,
-M 9 3 ,4 &
3 , 826K
36$
. 2 ,0 9 8 ,8 9 0
1 ,6 9 3 ,0 3 0

3 ,8 56,6 94
439,706
1 ,19 4 ,0 2 0
1 ,7 2 1 ,2 9 5
6 2,4 05
« 1 1 ,7 7 6
122,993
364,399

6 ,1 5 7 ,4 4 3
780,773
1 ,6 2 4 ,6 1 5
2 ,1 6 8 ,3 8 0
« 3 6 ,9 0 9
5 98,268
. 45 2,402
996,096

8, ^ 32 ,112
1 ,3 1 0 ,2 8 3
1 ,9 1 2 ,2 9 7
2 ,6 7 9 ,1 8 5
v l?g ,9 8 3

6 ,8 5 3 ,9 10
1 25,0 1$
780,894
1 3 1,7 0 0
1*255,163
44 2,014
1*071,361
706,606
1 ,1 8 4 ,1 0 9
187,748

A 5914W
146,608
•* 934,943
s 177,624
1 ,5 1 2 ,5 6 $
1. 6 18 ,4 5 7
1 ,3 9 9 ,7 5 0
t( 995,577
1 ,5 4 2 ,1 8 0
269,493

8 ,6 5 7 ,9 2 2 1 0 ,4 4 3 ,4 8 0 1 2 ,19 4 ,8 9 5 13,99 0,272
20 2,322
168,493
1 8 4 ,7 3 5
220,003
1 ,0 4 2 ,3 9 0 1 ,1 8 8 ,0 4 4 1 ,2 9 5 ,3 4 0 1 ,4 4 9 ,6 6 1
83 1,0 69
230,382
437,4)71
2 7 8,718
1 ,$ 5 $ ,& 0 1 ,8 5 4 ,1 8 4 2 ,0 6 1 ,6 1 2 2 ,3 0 9 ,1 8 7
0%8O<) 1 ,2 2 1 ,1 1 0 1,4 6 3 ,7 0 1
m m
1 ,8 9 3 ,8 1 0 2 ,2 0 6 ,2 8 7 2 ,5 5 9 ,1 2 3 ,
1 ,1 5 1 ,1 4 9 1 , 3 ^ 3 1 6 1 ,5 1 5 ,4 6 0 ,L 6 8 3 i7 M
1 ,8 3 7 ,3 5 3 2 ,1 1 0 ,3 3 1 2 ,0 0 9 ,1 2 1 5 ,8 9 ft8 J 2
3 9 1,4 22
7 5 2,619
$28*542
968,470

4,4 0 4 ,4 4 6
1 ,3 2 1 ,0 1 1
; 1,2 6 8 ,5 2 0
996,092
827,922

5 ,5 8 5 ,1 5 1
1 ,6 4 8 ,6 9 0
1 ,5 4 2 ,3 5 9
1 ,2 6 2 ,6 0 5
1 ,1 3 1 , 697

6 ,4 2 9 ,1 5 4
1 ,8 5 8 ,6 3 5
1 ,7 6 7 ,5 1 8
1 , 513,4f)l
1 ,2 8 9 ,6 0 0

7, $4 7,757
2 ,1 4 7 ,1 7 4
2 ,0 2 0 ,6 1ft
1 ,8 2 8 ,6 9 7
1 ,5 5 1 ,2 7 0

0 ,4 0 9 ,9 0 1
2 ,2 8 9 ,9 0 $
2 ,1 8 4 ,7 8 0
%138,093
1 ,7 9 7 ,1 1 4

8,8 0 3 ,3 0 7
2 ,4 16 ,6 3 0
2 ,3 s j,m
%348,17^
1 ,7 9 0 ,6 1 8

2,029^965 3 ,3 3 4 ,2 2 0 4 ,7 4 0 ,9 8 3
484,471
802,525 1 . 128,211
s 72 6 ,9 16
939,946 1 ,1 1 8 , 588
* 258 ,657
818,5 79 1 ,5 9 1 ,7 4 9 2,23$, 527

6 ,6 3 2 ,2 9 0
1 ,3 1 1 ,5 6 4
1 ,3 8 1 ,6 2 $
8 790,391
3 ,0 4 8 ,7 10

8 ,7 8 4 ,6 3 4 10,24 2,224
1,5 7 4 ,4 4 9 1 ,7 5 2 ,2 0 4
1 ,6 5 6 ,3 8 8 1, 798,-$09
1 ,6 5 7 ,1 6 5 2,0 28,2 83
3 ,8 9 6 ,5 4 2 4,6 6 3 ,2 2 8

3 4 .5
2 0 .0
1 9 .9
10 9 .7
27 .8

:

m

10,34 7,423
1,7 5 1 ,3 9 4
2 ,2 3 1 ,8 5 3
3 ,1 0 6 ,6 6 5
3 1 0 ,1 4 0
40 1,5 7 0
1 ,0 6 6 ,3 0 0
1 ,4 2 8 4 0 8 1 ,4 7 0 ,4 9 5

i,o&m

1 1,0 3 7 ,9 2 1 12,54 4,240
2 ,0 7 5 ,7 0 8 2 ,3 87,4 2$
2 ,2 2 4 ,7 7 1 2,4 04,0 21
3 ,2 9 3 ,3 3 5 3,4 0 4 ,0 5 5
646,872
577,056
583,888
636,547
1 ,1 9 2 ,2 1 4 1 ,2 9 6 ,3 7 2
1 ,6 0 0 ,9 4 0 1,76 0 ,2 5 7

315,3 8$
20, $95
14,999

14.2
1 4 :7
1 6 .9
16#
1 2 .8
12. 5
18. s;
- .3

6.0

8 0 ,8
4 5 .4
1 1 .8
1 5 .0

i5 .2
14 .8
24.4
13 .8
17..7
20 .8
&5
1 5 .0
3 0 .5
1 2 .8
! ,
. 7 .8
* 1 5 .0
8 .1
3 .4
1 2 :1
9 .0
8 .7
4 .6

34
39
42
6
38
31

I
1

11

^

T O N. S .
35 M e .
41 N . H .
45 v t .

0 M a ss.

38
29

\

R. I .,

Conn.

M. A.

1

N. Y.

2

P a.

10 N . J .

2
n
4
9
3
8
13

XE E. N.<t.
4 Ohio
H In d .
. 3 m.
7 M ic h ;
13 W is.

IV

IV w . n « c .
17 M in n .
16 Io w a
9 M p.

19
15
7
37
36
29
22

36
37
31
24

S. D ak.
N eb r.
K an s.

,4 m

m
1 4 .7
47
1 0 .2
27
1 1 .0
3 2 .2
43
12L0
20
1 9 .9
28
1ft 0 ;■ 16
1 1 .1
26
10
11. 0
28 .7
33

m S. A.
47 D el.
28 M d .
42 D .,C .,
20 V a.
27 W .V a .
14 N . C .
26 8 . 0 .
12 O a. *
32 • P te r

5 1 1 .4
6 .6
ftl
16 .9
1 5 .8

5 .7
5.5,
7 .0
9 .8
-.4

VI

VI E; S. C,

14
17
18
21

15
19
10
23

1 6 .6
1 1 .3

V

V w . s , c.
25 A rk .
22 L a. i
21 O kla,
$ T ex .

4ft 8
9 .5
9 .0
1 8 .0
1 1 .2
> 87.4
| 1 6 .5
, 1 3 .1
, 1 7 .7

ft ft

2£ 4
1 9 ,7

25
24
23
5

IX

6 5 3 ,119 1 ,2 1 3 ,9 3 5 1,6 7 4 ,6 5 7 2 ,6 3 3 ,5 1 7
142,924
243,329
376,053
3 9 ,15 9
3 2 ,6 1 0
161,772
325,594
88 ,548
9, ii8 * 20,789
62 ,555
92,531
145,9 65
194,027
799,024
39,864
413,2 49
539,700
91,8 7 4 , 119,565
160,2 82
327,301
195 ,3 10
- 9,658
40 ,440
88,243
122,931
204,354
86,786
210,7 79
276,749
373,361
143,963
42 ,4 9 1 ; 62,266
47,355
42 ,335
8 1 ,8 7 5

3 ,8 3 6 ,1 0 1
548,889
43 1,866

57.3
5 4 .5
1 0 1 .3

19^ 400

57.7

939,629
360,350
334*162
449,396
77,407

4 8 .0
6 7 .6
6 6 .2
3 4 .9
9 3 .4

1ft 1

44

6 3 .5
2 0 .4
-5 .5

41

675, <26 1 ,1 1 4 ,5 7 8 1 ,8 8 8 ,3 3 4 3 ,4 16 ,6 9 2 4 ,1 9 2 ,3 0 4
23 ,95$
7 5 ,11 6
357,232
5 18,103 1,14 1,9 901
90,923
174,760
672, 765
317,7 04
413,5 36
560,247
86 4,694 1 ,2 1 3 ,3 9 8 1,4 8 5 ,0 5 3 2 ,3 7 7 ,5 4 ^

:

0 .S .

______

TO

5,566*871
1,3 5 6 ,6 2 1
788,389
3 ,4 2 6 ,8 6 1

78 .5
1 20.4
62 .7
60l 1

8 2 .6
1 8 .8
1 6 .4
4 4 .1

vm
30
35
12

8ft 7
,4 ft 0
<32.6
3 3 .2
17; 6

40
45
48
32
46

49

K y.

T en n .

m :

M iss.

IX Mt.
39 M o n t,,

43 , TfloTirt
40 wy<x
33 Cold,
44 N .M e x .
46 : A riz,

0 !*40
49

U ta h

N$v,

v m P a$.
30 W a s h , ,

, a il Oreg.

Galtf.

..."

4 P o p u la tio n o f a r e a ta k e n to form S ta te of M isso u ri i n 1821; p a r t of L o u isia n a T e r r ito r y i n 1810.
6P o p u la tio n sh o w n for S o u th D a k o ta in 1860 rep resen ts en tire D a k o ta T e r r ito r y ; for .1870 a n d 1880, p o p u ­
la tio n p a r ts a s sin c e e x is tin g h a v e been seg reg ated .
fl A rea now c o n stitu tin g W e st V irg in ia form ed p a r t of V irg in ia p r io r to 1870.
7 P o p u la tio n of a re a ta k e n to form A rk a n s a s T e r r ito r y in 1819; p a r t of L o u isia n a T e r r ito r y i n 1910.
* In clu d es p o p u latio n of I n d ia n T e rrito ry , a s follow s: 1890, 180,182; 1900, 392,060.



6

POPULATION----DENSITY BY ' STATES
No. 8.— DENSITY OF POPULATION PEE SdtfABE MILE, BY STATES

(N ote.—In computing density for the United States the areas and population of Alaska, Hawaii, and Porto
Rico at all censuses are not considered. The population of continental United States has been divided
by the total land area, although it included at each census some unorganized territory which was not
canvassed by the enumerators. For eaeh State or Territory the population as returned at a given census
has been divided by the land area in square miles of the State or Territory as constituted at the time that
census was taken. The areas of Indian reservations, outside of Indian Territory, are included in the
areas of the several States and Territories, although the population was not ascertained and can not be
considered in figuring density of population prior to 1890. The census of 187Qin the Southern States is
considered incomplete. Population density in 1920 of Alaska, Hawaii, and Porto Rico, based oh gross
area, and not land area, was as follows: Alaska, 0.1; Hawaii, 39.7; Porto Rico, 378.4]
State and division
Continental
United
States.........................
New England.........................
Maine-...............................
New Hampshire.................
Vermont-........ ..................
Massachusetts. ..................
Rhode Island......................
Connecticut.......................
Middle Atlantic.....................
New York—.......................
New Jersey........................
Pennsylvania.....................
East North Central............... .
Ohio.................... ............ .
Indiana.......... .......... ........
Illinois______ t_________
Michigan______ _______ _
Wisconsin______________
Wert North Central..............
Minnesota...........................
Iowa._______ ___________
Missouri________________
North Dakota....................
South Dakota
Nebraska...........................
Kansas. . . . __________ ___
South Atlantic....... .............
Delaware............................
Maryland.........................
District of Columbia....... .
Virginia____________ ____
West Virginia....................
North Carolina...............
South Carolina..................
Georgia................. ............
Florida______ ____ ______
East South Central..................
Kentucky...........................
Tennessee...........................
Alabama....... .....................
Mississippi.........................
West South Central.................
Arkansas.............................
__________
Louisiana
Oklahoma...........................
Texas............................... .
Mountain................................
Montana............... ............
Idaho.................................
Wyoming........................
Colorado............................
New Mexico............... .
Arizona.............................
Utah..................................
Nevada ....................... ......
Pacific______________ _____
Washington...................... .
Oregon........ .......................
California...........................

1800

1860

0.1

7.9

19.9
41
20.4
14 9
62. 6
64.8
52.1
14 0
12.4
28.1
13.4
0.2
1.1
0

440
19.5
35.2
344
123.7
13& 3
7a 9
69,0
05.0
05.2
61.6
18.4
48.6
27.5
15.2
69
5. 6
3.1
9.9

8.0
32.7
344
156.6
13.7

17.4
446
58. 6
891,2
22.1

9.8
11.3
1.5

17.8
21.9
15.4
1.6
la 7
244
241
mo
mi
2.0
4.0
11.4

2.9
5.5
2.5
0.3

0.8
42

0.3
0
0.2
(i)
0.6

I860

10.6

1870

ia o

1880

14 9

1890

21.2

1900

1910

25.0

30.9

1920

35.5

548
105. 7
60.0*
647
75.8
90.2
119.4
221
23.2
21.0
21.7
21.0
247
248
36.1
35.2
344
44 0
47.7
41.7
49.1
84.5
34 2
37.7
39.0
344
36.4
346
153.1
181.3 ; 221.8 274 5 349.0 414 8
479.2
163.7 203.7
259.2 323.8 401.0
5046
6644
95.5
111.5
129.2 154 8 184 6 231.3
286.4
127.1
154 5 193.2
740
eat
105.0
2226
92.0
81.4
104 7 126.0 102:5 101.2
217.9
89.4
120.0
154 5 192 3 250.7 337.7
420.0
648
740
94 6 117.0 144 0
171.0
194 5
87.2
28.2
74 3
45.7
540
66.2
07.5
1021
644
67.4
74 5
90.1
117.0
141.4
37,6
74 9
448
541
61. %
741
81.3
30.0
444
841
643
100.6
1147
540
13.0
42 1
24 6
24 5
344
449
63.8
37.4
422
19.1
23.8
14 0
346
47.6
7.0
3.0
12.1
228
243
246
17.5
247
44
14 2
21.7
29.5
2.1
47
21.5
44 2
43.2
12.1
40.0
22 2 34 04
47; 9
31.6
240
442
49.5
17,2
39.0
42
4 5
9.2
27
(*)
0
0
7.0
46
42
43
0
0
0
14 5
14 9
a2
1.6
49
13.8
14 0
1&0
4 5
12 2
17.6
20. 7
2L6
1.3
19.9
829
45.3
fil.8
348
52.0
28.2
103.0
114 5
67.1
63.6
847
940
746
144 8
69.1
104 9 119.5 130.3
940
746
1,294 5 $270.7 40025 3,972 3 4,644 3 5,617.8 7,2929
51.2
41.1
248
30.4
37.6
44 1
67.4
39.9
5a 8
&4
24 7
31.8
649
20.4
22.0
443
247
342
349
52 5
49.7
542
23.1
23.1
37.7
32 6
440
414
ia o
20.2
243
37.7
49.3
31.3
49
7.1
9.6
13.7
17.7
44
2.6
448
49.5
22.4
34 8
245
31.1
420
319
28.8
57.0
53.4
641
443
41.0
424
62 4
24 6 " 842
445
541
37.0
41. 7
ia 8
19.4
29.5
35. 7
246
45.8
34 8
17.1
244
33,5
346
17.9
27.8
46
23.8
49
11.0
20.4
9.3
15.2
9.2
14 3
21.5
240
33.4
43
340
24 6
30. 4
14 6
16.0
247
34 5
39.6
29.2
»20
3 10.3
249
11.6
2.3
41
45
148
17.8
4 1
0.3
0.4
0.8
1.9
3.9
1.4
8.1
1.0
41
0.3
3.8
1.7
26
42
44
1.1 , 1.9
5.2
3.9
42
46
0.9
1.6
0.1
20
0.3
44
1.9
42
9.1
40
7.‘7
47
44
1.0
29
1.3
1.0
27
41
44
29
48
1.1
1.8
0.3
1.1
45
5.5
1.8
26
3.4
41
44
46
44
0.7
44
47
1.0
3.5
5.9
13.2
17.5
2.1
7.0
17.1
20.3
44
1.1
43
7.8
41
0,5
1.0
1.8
3.3
48
7.0
42
2.4
40
9,5
14 3
220
3.6
7.8

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.
1 Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent.
1 Dakota Territory: Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent in 1800,0.1 in 1870, and 0.9 in 1880.
3 Indian Territory: 5.9 in 1890 and 12.7 in 1900; combined with Oklahoma, 3.7 in 1890 and 11.4 in 1900.




POPULATION BY

NATIVITY, AND PABENTAOE

No. 9 — RACE, NATIVITY, AND PARENTAGE, CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES
[N ote .—T h e census o f 18 7 0 i n t h e S o u th e rn States^ is co nsidered in co m p lete; th is affects e sp e c ia lly th e
figu res fo r th e negro p o p u la tio n ]
C lass

1860

1870

1880

1890

-

1900

1910

A11 classes...................

31,4 4 3 ,3 2 1 38 ,5 5 8 ,3 7 1 5 0 ,155,783 62 ,8 4 7 ,7 14 75,904,575 9 1,8 7 2 ,2 6 6
W h i t e ................................................. 26,922,537 33,589,377 43,402,97015 5 ,10 1 ,2 5 8 66,809; 196 8 1,7 3 1 ,9 5 7
N egro........................... _................. 4 ,4 4 1 ,8 3 0 4 ,8 8 0 ,0 0 9 6 ,6 8 0 ,7 9 3 7 ,4 8 8 ,6 7 6
9 ,8 2 7 ,7 6 3
I n d ia n ___________ _____________
1 6 6 ,4 0 7
1 4 4 ,0 2 1
12 5 ,7 3 1
248,253
237,196
265,683
C h in ese.............................................
6 3 ,19 9
10 5,465
10 7,488
71, 531
89,863
Jap a n e se ............ ............................
55
148
2,039
7 2 ,15 7
24,326
A l l o th e r2...... ....................................
3 ,17 5
N a tiv e (all races)____________ 2 7,304,624 32 ,9 6 1, V 43,
142 1,475,840 5 3 ,6 9 8 ,15 4 65,653,299 78,4 5 6 ,3 8 0
F oreig n b o rn ___________ _______ 4 ,13 8 ,6 9 7 “ ,5 6 7 ,2 2 9 6 ,6 7 9 .9 4 3 9 ,2 4 9 ,5 6 0 10, 341,276 13 ,6 1 5 ,8 8 6
5
W h ite p o p u la tio n ;
N a tiv e , t o t a l ............................... 22,825,784 28,0 9 5 ,6 6 5 36,843,291 4 5,979,391 5 6 ,595,379 6 8 ,3 8 6 ,4 1 2
N a tiv e p aren tag e........... .......
2 2 ,7 7 1,3 9 7 28,568,424 3 4 ,4 7 5 ,7 16 40,9 4 9 ,3 6 2 4 9 ,4 8 8 ,5 7 5
F o reig n o r m ix ed parentag e
6 ,3 2 4 ,2 6 8 8 ,2 7 4 ,8 6 7 11,5 0 3 ,6 7 5 15 ,6 4 6 ,0 17 18 ,8 9 7 ,8 3 7
4 ,16 7 ,0 9 8 6 ,3 6 3 ,7 6 9 8 ,0 8 5 ,0 1 9 10 ,6 3 2 ,2 8 0 1 2 ,9 1 6 ,3 1 1
Foreii
Mixc<
1 ,1 5 7 ,1 7 0 1 ,9 1 1 ,0 9 8 3 ,4 18 ,6 5 6 6 ,0 13 ,7 3 7 5 ,9 8 1 ,5 2 6
F o reig n h orn .
4 ,0 9 6 ,7 5 3 5 ,4 9 3 ,7 1 2 6 ,5 5 9 ,6 7 9 9 ,1 2 1 ,8 6 7 10^213,817 13 ,3 4 5 ,5 4 5

Per cent of total.
W h i t e ............................ .
N e g r o ................ ............
I n d i a n .................. ........
C h in e se ..........................
A l l o t h e r 2......................... . .............
N a tiv e (a ll ra c e s). . . ____ ______
F o reig n b o r n ---------------------------

1920
10 5 ,7 1 0 ,6 2 0
9 4 ,8 2 0 ,9 1 5
1 0 ,4 6 3 ,1 3 1
244,437
6 1,6 3 9

111,010

’
9 ,4 8 8
9 1,7 8 9 ,9 2 8
10 ,9 2 0 ,6 9 2
8 1 ,1 0 8 ,1 6 1
5 8 .4 2 1.9 5 7
22,6 8 6 ,2 0 4
16 ,6 9 4 ,5 3 9
6 ,9 9 1,6 6 5
1^, 712,754

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100 0

100.0

8 5 .6
1 4 .1

8 7 .1
1 2 .7

86.6

8 7 .9

0.1
0.2

8 8 .9
1 0 .7
0 ,3

8 9 .7
9 .9

0.1

87 5
1 1 .9
0 .4

0.1
0.1

0.2
(3)

86.8

8 5 .6
1 4 .4

1 3 .1

(3
)
8 6 .7
13 .3

11.6
0 .3

0.2

(3)
8 5 .3
14 .7

0.1
0)
8 6 .4
1 3 .6

(8
)

0.2
0.1
0.1

0.1
0.1

8 5 .3
1 4 .7

(3
)
86.8

1 3 .2
1 3 .2
W h ite p o p u la tio n :
7 3 .5
N a tiv e , t o t a l..................,_______
72 l 6
7 2 .9
7 4 .5
7 6 .7
7 3 .0
7 4 .4
N a tiv e p a r e n t a g e .--.............
5 7 .0
5 3 .9
5 5.3
54.8
6 3 .8
6 9 .1
F o reig n o r m ix e d p aren tag e
20.6
1 6 .5
1 3 .8
21. 5
1 8 .3
2 0 .5
F o re ig n . ................................
1 2 .7
10.8
14 .0
1 4 .8
12.8
1 4 .0
M ix e d n a tiv e a n d fo reig n
5 .4
3 .8
3 .0
6.6
6.6
6 .5
13 .0
F o reig n h o r n - - . . . .....................
1 3 .1
1 4 .2
13 .4
1 3 .0
1 4 .5
14 .5
In c re a se o v er p re c e d in g c e n su s:
A ll c la sse s............................. 8 ,2 5 1,4 4 5 7 ,1 1 5 ,0 5 0 1 1 ,5 9 7 ,4 1 2 512,466,467 13 ,0 4 6 ,8 6 1 15 ,9 7 7 ,6 9 1 13 ,7 3 8 ,3 5 4
24.9
35.6
P e r c e n t .—______________
22.6
30.1
21,0.
20.7
14.9
W h i t e ......... ....................................... 7 ,3 6 9 ,4 6 9 6,6 6 6 ,8 4 0 9 ,8 13 ,5 9 3 11,5 8 0 ,9 2 0 1 1 ,7 0 7 ,9 3 8
P e r c e n t_____________________
24 .8
3 7 .7
2 9 .2
2 6 .7
21 2
803,022
N e g r o ._______ __________ ______889,247 1 ,3 4 5 ,3 18
438,179 1,7 0 0 ,7 8 4
P e r c e n t_____________________
22.1
3 4 .9
1 3 .5
9 .9
1 8 .0
In d ia n _________________________
4 4 ,0 2 1
40,676
-1 1 ,0 5 7
-7 ,6 0 1
- 1 8 ,2 9 0
P e r c e n t___________*_________
-1 1 .4
1 6 8 .1
-4 1 .5
-4 .5
C h in e s e _______________________
28,266
34,933
42,266
2,010 - 1 7 , 6 2 5
6 6 .9
P e r c e n t-____________________
8 0 .9
-1 6 .4
1 .9
65
93
1 ,8 9 1
22,287
P e r c e n t_______
1 ,2 7 7 .7
1 ,0 9 3 .0
(«)
A ll o t h e r 2...............
P e r c e n t_______
6 ,3 6 7 ,3 5 0 5 ,6 8 6 ,5 1 8 10,484,698 9 ,8 9 6 ,8 6 3 1 1 ,9 6 6 ,1 4 5
N a tiv e (a llra c e s)*
P e r c e n t ...........
218
3 0 .3
3 1 .8
20.8
2 2 .3
F o reig n b o rn .........
1 ,8 9 4 ,0 9 5 1,4 2 8 ,5 3 2
% 569,604 1 ,0 9 1 , 716
3 4 .5 M1^
P e r c e n t.......... ..
8 4 .4
38 l 5
11.8
W h ite p o p u la tio n :
N a tiv e , t o t a l . . * ........... ............. 6 ,5 1 3 ,2 5 1 5 ,2 6 9 ,8 8 1 8 ,7 47,626 9 ,0 18 , 732 1 0 ,6 1 5 ,9 8 8
P e r c e n t.................................
2 4 .5
2 3 .1
3 1 .8
3 1 .1
• 2 3 .1
N a tiv e p a re n ta g e .................
5 ,7 97,027 5, 789,924 6 ,4 7 3 ,6 4 6
P e r c e n t........... .....................
2 5 .5
18. 8
2 0 .3
F o reig n o r m ix e d p a ren tag e
2 ,9 5 0 ,5 9 9 3 ,2 2 8 ,8 0 8 4/142,342
5 5 .4
3 6 .0
P e r c e n t ................... ..........
3 9 .0
F o reig n ..................................
% 196,671 1, 721,250 2 ,6 4 7 ,2 6 1
P e r c e n t _______________
5 2 .7
2 7 .0
3 1 .5
M ix e d n a tiv e a n d fo reig n .
753,928 1,6 0 7 ,5 6 8 1,
Art 7
P e r c e n t ....... ................
6 5 .2
7 8 .9
F o reig n b o m .........................
1,8 5 6 ,2 1 8 1,3 9 6 ,9 5 9 1,0 6 5 ,9 6 7 2 ,6 6 2 ,1 8 8 1,091,9*50
P e r c e n t . . . ................... ..
19 .4
3 9 .1
3 4 .1
110
8 2 .8

14 ,9 2 2 ,7 6 1 13 .0 8 8 .9 5 8
2 2 .3
1 6 .0
635,368
993,769
6 .5
11.2
-2 1 ,2 4 6
2 8,487
- 8.0
110
-9 ,8 9 2
- 1 8 ,3 3 2
-1 3 .8
-2 0 .4
38,853
47,831
5 3 .8
19 6 .6
6 ,3 13
3 ,17 5
19 8 .8
12 ,8 0 3 ,0 8 1 13 ,333,548
iQ
1 7 .0
404,806
3 ,1 7 4 ,6 1 0
3 .0
3 0 .7
11 ,7 9 1,0 3 3 12,721, 749

20. 8

1&6

8 ,6 3 9 ,2 1 3
2 0 .9
3 ,2 5 1 ,8 2 0

8 ,9 3 3 ,3 8 2
1 8 .1
3 ,7 8 8 ,3 0 7

20.8

20.0

2 ,2 8 4 ,0 3 1
2 1 .5
9 67,789
19 .3
3 ,1 3 1 ,7 2 8
3 0 .7

2 ,7 7 8 ,2 2 8

21.6
1 ,0 1 0 ,1 3 9
1 6 .9
367,209

2.8

Source: B u re a u o f th e C en su s, D e p a rtm e n t o f C om m erce.
2 E x c lu siv e o f In d ia n s in In d ia n T e r r ito ry a n d o n In d ia n re se rv a tio n s , n o t en u m e ra te d a t censuses
p rio r to 1890.
2 C o m p rises F ilip in o s, H in d u s, K o re a n s, H a w aiian s, M a la y s , Siam ese, S am o an s, a n d M aoris.
9 L ess th a n o n e-te n th o f 1 p e r cen t.
4 A m in u s sign ( —) denotes decrease.
6 E x clu sive o f 325,464 p erson s (117,368 w h ite s, 18,636 N egroes, 189,447 In d ian s, a n d 13 C h in ese), sp e c ia lly
e n u m erated in 1890 in In d ia n T e r r ito ry a n d on In d ia n re se rv a tio n s.
* P e r e e n t n o t sh o w n w h e re b ase is less th a n 100.


1 0 5 4 9 6 °—
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ s a 1 923--------3
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

POPULATION BY BACK

8

No.lO^POjtjnjLATION:
[ N o t e .— T h e census o f 1870 i n t h e S o u th e rn S ta te s

18 6 0

18 8 0

1890 *

S ta te a n d d iv is io n
W h i te

Continental United
States.
Hew England.......... .....

36,932,537 4 ,4 4 1,8 3 0

3 ,1 1 0 ,4 8 0
626,947
M a in e .................................
N a w TTampsbipA
3 2 5 ,6 7 9
3 14 ,3 6 9
V e rm o n t- —___ ________
M a s sa c h u se tts-............... 1 ,2 2 1 ,4 3 2
17 0 ,6 4 9
K h o d e Is la n d — .............
4 6 1,5 0 4
C o n n e c tic u t_______ ____

Kiddle Atlantic.............

A ll
o th e r8

N egro

2 4 ,7 11
1,3 2 7
494
709
9 ,6 0 2
3 ,9 6 2
8 ,6 2 7

7 ,3 3 7 ,5 4 8
3 ,8 3 1 ,5 9 0
646,699
2 ,8 4 9 ,2 5 9

13 1,2 9 0
4 9,005
25,336
56,949

East north Central-....... -

6 ,8 5 5 ,6 4 4
O h io _____ _____________ 2 ,3 0 2 ,8 0 8
I n d ia n a ..................- ......... 1 ,3 3 8 ,7 1 0
I llin o is ............................— 1,7 0 4 ,2 9 1
7 3 6 ,14 2
M ic h ig a n —......................
773,693
W i s c o n s in .......................

63,699
36,673
1 1 ,4 2 8
7 ,6 2 8
6 ,7 9 9
1 ,1 7 1

West North Central-.......

120,640
259
1,0 6 9
118 ,5 0 3

N e w Y o r k ........................
"M w .Tppsey
a
P e n n s y lv a n ia ..................

2 ,0 4 4 ,3 2 5
16 9 ,3 9 5
M in n e so ta ........................
673,779
I o w a ........................- _____
M is s o u ri.—..................... 1,0 6 3 ,4 8 9
N o rth D a k o ta ......... ....... }
* 2,576
S o u th D a k o ta .................
28,696
N e b ra s k a ____ _________
106,390
K a n s a s .............................

82
627

South Atlantic________

3 ,3 0 5 ,1 0 7 2 ,0 5 8 ,1 9 8
D e la w a re _______ ______
9 0 ,589
2 1,6 2 7
M a r y la n d _____________
5 1 5 ,9 1 8
1 7 1 ,1 3 1
60,763
1 4 ,3 1 6
D is tr ic t o f C o lu m b ia . 1,0 4 7 ,2 9 9
548,907
V ir g in ia ...............—
W e s t V ir g in ia * _______
629,942
36 1,5 2 2
N o rth C a ro lin a ...............
2 9 1,3 0 0
4 12 ,3 2 0
S o u th C a ro lin a ...........
59 1,5 5 0
465,698
G e o rg ia........ ......................
F l o r i d a . . . , ____________
62,677
7 7,746

W h ite

N egro

A ll
o th e r *

W h i te

N eg ro

78,954 43,402,970 6 ,6 8 0 ,7 9 3 172,020 5 5 ,10 1 ,2 5 8 7 ,4 8 8 ,6 7 6
■ , r.
92 3 ,9 6 8 ,7 8 9 '
646,852
5
346,229
3 3 1,2 1 8
20
32 1,7 6 3 ,7 8 2
269,939
19
610,769
16

8 9 ,9 2 6
1 ,4 5 1
685
1,0 5 7
18,697, ;
6 ,488
1 1 ,5 4 7

1 ,8 1 5 4 6 5 8 ,1 9 1
633
6 5 9 ,263
77
3 7 5 ,840
11
3 3 1 ,4 1 8
606 2 ,2 16 ,3 7 5
104
337,859
733^438
384

44 ,5 8 0
1 ,1 9 0
614
937
2 2 ,14 4
7,393
1 2 ,3 0 2

147 10,305,055
140 5 ,0 16 ,0 2 2
1 ,0 9 2 ,0 1 7
7 4 ,1 9 7 ,0 1 6

189,492
6 5 ,1 0 4
3 8,853
85, 535

2 ,3 3 1
1 ,7 4 5
246
340

12 ,468,794
5 ,9 2 3 ,9 5 5
1 ,3 9 6 ,5 8 1
5 ,14 8 ,2 5 8

225, 326
70,092
4 7 ,6 3 8
107,696

1 1 ,0 12 ,0 4 7
3 ,1 1 7 ,9 2 0
1,9 3 8 ,7 9 8
3 ,0 3 1 ,1 5 1
1 ,6 1 4 ,5 6 0
1 ,3 0 9 ,6 1 8

183,298
79,900
3 9 ,228
4 6 ,368
1 5 ,1 0 0
2 ,7 0 2

11,3 2 3
242
275
352
7,277
3 ,17 7

13,253,725
3 ,5 8 4 ,8 0 5
2 ,14 6 ,7 3 6
3 ,7 6 8 ,4 7 2
2,0 7 2 ,8 8 4
1,6 8 0 ,8 2 8

207,028
8 7 ,1 1 3
4 5 ,2 15
57 ,0 2 8
15,223
2 ,444

4,967 6,9 4 9 ,3 7 6
776,884
2 ,369
65 1 ,6 1 4 ,6 0 0
20 2 ,0 2 2 ,8 2 6
/ 3 6 ,1 9 2
8 2 ,261 \ 9 0,955
63
449,764
95 2 ,15 5
189

202,323
1,5 0 4
9 ,5 1 6
14 5 ,3 5 0
113
288
2 ,3 8 5
4 3 ,10 7

5,744
2,325
499
204
604
1 ,0 2 5
253
834

8,6 6 0 ,0 8 8
1,2 9 6 ,4 0 8
1 ,9 0 1 ,0 9 0
2 ,5 2 8 ,4 5 8
182,407
3 2 8 ,0 10
1 ,0 4 7 ,0 9 0
1 ,3 7 6 ,8 1 9

224,089
3 ,683
10 ,6 8 5
15 0 ,18 4
373
641
8 ,9 13
4 9 ,7 10

7 ,541
30
290
32
6 ,1 7 2
1 ,0 1 7

1,3 9 8 4* 6 5 4 ,112 9 ,0 4 1,2 0 2
1 2 0 ,1 6 0
2 6,442
724,693
210 ,2 3 0
1 1 8 ,0 0 6
1
5 9,596
11 2
880,858
6 3 1,6 1 6
592, 537
2 5,886
1 ,1 5 8
867,242
53 1,2 7 7
3 9 1 ,1 0 5
88
604, 332
38
8 16 ,9 0 6
72 5 ,13 3
1
142,605
12 6 ,6 9 0

1,8 8 3 5 ,5 9 2 ,1 4 9 3 ,2 6 2 ,6 9 0
6
140,066
28,386
20
826,493
215,657
22
154,695
75,572
91 1 ,0 2 0 ,1 2 2
635,438
34
730,077
32, 690
1 ,2 3 1 1,0 5 5 ,3 8 2
5 6 1,0 18
140
462,008
688,934
141
978,357
858,815
198
224,949
16 6 ,18 0

East South Central.........

2 ,6 2 6 ,3 7 6 1,3 9 4 ,3 6 0
9 19 ,4 8 4
23 6 ,16 7
8 2 6 ,7 2 2
2 8 3 ,0 19
520,271
437,770
353,899
437,404

255 3,8 5 7 ,5 9 3 1,9 2 4 ,9 9 6
33 1 ,3 7 7 ,1 7 9
2 7 1,4 5 1
60 1 ,1 3 8 ,8 3 1
4 0 3 ,15 1
66 2 ,18 5
00 0 ,10 3
160
2
479,398
650,291

2 ,5 6 2 4,3 0 5 ,6 6 8 2 ,1 1 9 ,7 9 7
60 1,5 9 0 ,4 6 2
268,071
377 1,3 3 6 ,6 3 7
430,678
217
83 3 ,7 18
678,489
1,9 0 8
544,851
742,559

West South Central........

1,1 0 2 ,4 9 0
3 2 4 ,14 3
357,456

644,553
1 1 1 ,2 5 9
350,373

624 2 ,2 4 3 ,7 2 2 i , 087,705
48
5 9 1,5 3 1
210 ,6 6 6
173
454,954
483,655

420,891

182,921

2,793 3 ,2 9 5 ,6 3 6 1,3 7 8 ,0 9 0
328
8 18 ,7 5 2
3 0 9 ,11 7
1,3 3 7
559,193
658,395
172,554
2 1 ,6 9 9
1 ,1 2 8 1 ,7 4 5 ,9 3 5
4 8 8 ,17 1

164,092

235

10,596

34 ,2 3 1
82 ,9 2 4

46
85

10 ,5 0 7

4 0 ,125
6 ,8 12

59
45

89

386,475
1 1 ,1 3 8
5 2 ,16 0
3 2 3,177

4 ,2 4 4
30
128
4,086

53,334
426
177
52,731

K e n t u c k y ............. ............
T e n n e s s e e ........................
A la b a m a ............. ............
M is s issip p i............. ..........

A rk a n s a s ...........................
L o u isia n a .... .....................
O k lah o m a 6
T e x a s..................................

Mountain.....................
Montana x
I d a h o ... ______T , _
W y o m in g _____________
C o lo rad o ___
N ew M exico ....................
A riz o n a _______________
U ta h .................................
N e v a d a .. . . . _______

Pacific.............. ..........
W a s h in g to n ........... .......
O re g o n - ...................
C a lifo rn ia ..................

403 1,1 9 7 ,2 3 7

393,384

6 14 ,8 2 1
35,385
2 9 ,0 13
19 ,4 3 7
1 9 1 ,1 2 6
108,721
3 5 ,1 6 0
142,423
53,556

5,022
346
53
298
2 ,4 3 5
1 ,0 1 5
155
232
488

33,276 1,1 1 7 ,3 6 3
3 ,4 2 8
127,690
3 ,5 4 4
8 2 ,1 1 7
5 9 ,324
1,0 5 4
766
404,534
9 ,8 2 9
14 2 ,9 18
5 ,12 5
55,734
1,3 0 8
205,925
8 ,2 2 2
3 9 ,12 1

1% 971
1,4 9 0
201
922
6 ,2 15
1,956
1,357
588
242

997,455
6 7 ,19 9
163,075
7 6 7 ,18 1

6,830 110,293 1,7 6 4 ,6 4 4
325
7 ,5 9 2
340,829
487 1 1 ,2 0 6
3 0 1,9 8 2
8 ,0 1 8 9 1,4 9 5 1 ,1 1 1 ,8 3 3

1 4 ,1 1 0
1,6 0 2
1 ,1 8 6
1 1 ,3 2 2

So u rce: B u re a u o f t h e C ensus, D e p a rtm e n t o f C om m erce.

1Includes population specially enumerated in Indian Territory and on Indian reservations*

Digitized forto9 Exclusive of Indians in Indian Territory and on Indian reservations, not enumerated at censuses prior
FRASER
1890.


9

POPULATION BY RACK
RACB^BYiBTA
TJBS
w a s In co m p lete; c o n s e q u e n tly , 1860 is sh o w n ]

18 9 0 —'
C o n td .

19 10

19 0 0

19 9 0
S ta te and
d iv is io n

A ll
o th e r

W hite

857,780 6 8 ,8 0 9 ,19 6

N egro

A ll
o th e r

W h ite

JEL

W hite

N egro

tr. s.

8 ,833,994 351,385 8 1 ,7 3 1 ,9 5 7 9,8 9 7 ,7 8 3 4 1 9 , * « 94/820,915 10 ,4 8 3 ,1 3 1

2,978 5 ,5 2 7 ,0 2 6
633
76
4105,791
67
3 4 2 ,7 7 1
1 ,4 3 0 2,769, 764
254
4 19 ,0 5 0
892.424
518

59,099
1 ,3 1 9
662
826
3 1,9 7 4
9 ,0 9 2
15 ,2 2 6

5,892 6 ,4 8 0 ,5 1 4
921
739,995
135
429,906
354,298
44
3 ,6 0 8 3 ,3 2 4 ,9 2 6
414
532,492
770 1.0 9 8 .8 9 7

12,100 1 5 ,1 10 ,8 6 2

325,921
9 9 ,2 3 2
6 9,844
156,845

17,895 18 ,8 8 0 ,4 5 2
12 ,7 8 1 8 ,9 6 6 ,8 4 5
1,5 0 8 2 ,4 4 5 ,8 9 4
7 ,4 6 7 ,7 1 3

9 ,1 2 7 7 ,1 5 6 ,8 8 1
714 1 ,8 1 2 ,3 1 7
2,259 6 ,1 4 1 ,6 6 4

N egro

A ll
o th e r

442; 331
,37
351V817
3 ,4 3 5 3,803^524
589
6 93,980
685 If

7 9 ,0 5 1
1 ,3 1 0
621
572
4 5,466
10,036
2 1,0 4 6

5 ,7 7 9
1,0 0 9
131
39
3 ,366
381
853

417*870
1 3 4 ,1 9 1
8 9 ,7 6 0
193; 919

1 7 ,5 7 0 2 1 ,6 4 1 ,8 4 0
12; 5 7 8 1 0 ,1 7 2 ,0 2 7
1 ,5 1 8 3 ,0 3 7 ,0 8 7
3* 470 8 ,4 3 2 ,7 2 6

60 0 .18 3
198,483
1 1 7 ,1 3 2
284,568

1 9 ,1 2 1
14 ,7 1 7
1 ,6 8 1
2,723

66,366
1,3 6 3 ;
564
1 ,6 2 1
38,055
9 ,529
16 ,1 7 4

1*013

102

17 ,5 5 7
4 11
453
852
5,783
10,058

15 ,7 1 0 ,0 5 3
4 ,0 6 0 ,2 0 4
% 458, 602
4 ,7 3 4 ,8 7 3
2 ,3 9 8 ,5 6 3
2 ,0 5 7 ,9 1 1

257,842
96 ,9 0 1
57,505
8 5 ,078
15 ,8 1 6
2 ,5 4 2

17,688 17,9 2 7 ,6 2 2
440 4 .6 5 4 .8 9 7
455 2 .6 3 9 .9 6 1
5 .5 2 6 .9 6 2
1,
6,603 2 ,7 8 5 ,2 4 7
8,589 2 ,3 2 0 ,5 5 5

300,836
11 1, 452
60,320
109,049
1 7 ,1 1 5
2,900

2 2 ,16 3 20,938,862
778 6 ,5 7 1,8 9 3
595 % 849,071
2 ,5 8 0 6 ,2 9 9 ,3 3 3
7 ,8 1 1 3 ,6 0 1 ,6 2 7
10 ,4 0 5 2 ,6 16 ,9 3 8

514,554
18 6 ,18 7
8 0 ,8 10
182,274
60,082
5 ,201

2 2 ,12 7
1 ,3 1 4
509
3 ,6 7 6
6 ,703
9 ,928

47,936
1 0 ,1 9 2
522
543
8 ,2 0 3
2 0,049
6 ,6 4 7
1,7 7 9

1 0 ,0 6 5 ,8 17
1,7 3 7 ,0 3 6
2, 218 ,6 6 7
2 ,9 4 4 ,8 4 3
3 11, 712
3 8 0 ,7 14
1,0 5 6 ,5 2 6
1,416;, 319

237,909
4 ,9 5 9
12 ,693
16 1,2 3 4
286
465

43,697
9,399
493
588
7 ,14 8
20,391
3,505
% 173

242,662
7,084
14,973
15 7,452
617
817
7,
54,030

4 3 ,6 3 8 1 2 ,2 2 5 ,3 3 7
9 ,3 9 7 ‘
------607 % 3 8 4 ,18 1
951 3 ,2 2 5 ,0 4 4
6,584
639,954
6 19 ,1 4 7
1 9 ,3 0 0
4 ,2 3 2 1,2 7 9 ,2 1 9
2,567 1,7 0 8 ,9 0 6

278, 521
8 ,8 0 9
19 .0 0 5
178,241
467
832
13 ,242
57,925

40 ,3 4 1 w . i7. a
9 ,3 8 0 M in n .
835 Io w a ,
, 770 H o .
6 ,4 5 1 N .D a k .
16,568 S . D a k .
Nebr,.
3 ,9 1 1
2,426 It&ns.

52,003

1 1 ,3 5 1,6 2 1
2 ,0 5 9 ,2 2 7
% 2 0 9 ,19 1
3 ,13 4 , 932
569,855
563,771
1,18 0 , 293
1 ,6 3 4 ,3 5 2

6 ,7 0 6 ,5 0 8 3 ,7 2 9 ,0 1 7
30,697
153,977
952.424 235,064
86, 702
191, 532
1 ,1 9 2 , 855 660,722
4 3 ,499
9 15 ,2 3 3
1,2 6 3 ,6 0 3 624, 469
557,807 782,321
1 ,1 8 1 ,2 9 4 1,0 3 4 ,8 1 3
297,333 230,730

6,405 8 ,0 7 1,6 0 3 4 ,11 2 ,4 8 8

5 ,0 4 4 ,8 4 7 2 ,4 9 9 ,8 8 6
1 ,8 6 2 ,3 0 9 284,706
1 ,5 4 0 ,1 8 6 480,243
1 ,0 0 1 ,1 5 2 827,307
64 1,2 0 0 907,630

3,024

10,804
39
457
495
707
129
7 ,9 3 3
396
332
316

9 ,6 4 8 ,9 4 0 4 ,3 2 5 ,1 2 0
192; 615
3 0,335
1 ,2 0 4 ,
244,479
109,966
326,860
1 ,6 1 7 ,9 0 9
69 0 ,0 17
1,3 7 7 ,2 3 5
86,345
763.407
1,7 8 3 ,7 7 9
8 18 ,5 3 8
864, 719
1 ,6 8 9 ,1 1 4 1,206, 365
638,163
329,487

159
187
238
2 ,440

5 ,7 6 4 ,3 2 6 2 t, 652,513
,
2 ,0 2 7 ,9 6 1 261,656
1 ,7 1 1 ,4 3 2 473,088
1 ,2 2 8 ,8 3 2 908,282
7 8 6 ,111 1,0 0 9 ,4 8 7

3,002

2 528,532

0 7 ,2 5 7 4 ,7 7 1,0 6 5 1,6 9 4 ,0 6 6
342
944,580 366,856
1,000
729, 612 650,804
64,494
55,684
670,204
2 ,4 2 6 ,6 6 9 62Q,722
1,4 2 1

6 7 ,15 9
128
1,2 0 9
64,503
1 ,3 1 9

6 ,7 2 1,4 9 1 1,9 8 4 ,4 2 6
1 ,1 3 1 ,0 2 6 442,891
94 1,0 8 6 713 ,8 7 4
1,4 4 4 ,5 3 1 137, 612
3 ,2 0 4 ,8 4 8 690,049

78 ,6 17
532
1,4 2 8
7 5 ,0 12
1,6 4 5

88,601 1,5 7 9 ,8 5 5
13,744
6,"230
15 4,495
2 ,309
89 ,0 5 1
2 ,500
529,046
15 ,408
180,207
92,903
3 1 ,1 5 2
4 ,2 6 6
272,465
35,405
7,992

7 9 ,212 2,5 2 0 ,4 5 5
15 ,523
360,580
6,984
3 19 ,2 2 1
2 ,540
140, 318
2,084
783,416
304,594
13,493
2 8 ,180
17 1,4 6 8
3, 612
366,583
6 ,7 9 6
74,276

3 ,2 1 2 ,#
2 1,4 6 7
1,8 3 4 13 ,6 3 9
m m
651
5,722
3 ,4 1 2
2,235
190; 146
4 ,1 5 6
9 2 4,103
11,4 5 3
1,6 2 8 2 1,0 7 9
33^373
2,009 . 30,877
291,449
5,624
44 1,9 0 1
1 ,1 4 4
70,699
513
7,086

3 0,801
1 ,6 5 8
920
1,3 7 5
1 1 ,3 1 8
5 ,733
8 .0 0 5
1,4 4 6
346

14 ,6 6 4 108,415 4 ,0 2 3 ,8 7 3
% 514 19 ,285 1 ,1 0 9 ,1 1 1
17,849
1,2 0 5
655,090
11 ,0 4 5 71, 281 2 ,2 5 9 ,6 7 2

2 9 ,19 5 13 9 ,2 3 6 5 ,3 5 3 ,6 3 4
6 ,058 26,821 1 ,3 1 0 ,7 7 7
1,4 9 2 1 6 ,1 8 3
769,146
21, 645 96,232 3 ,2 6 4 ,7 1 1

4 7,700 16 5,447
2 9 ,9 6 1
a; 144 1 2 ,0 9 9
38,763 123,387

S x
240
125
420
27
1,5 4 9
207
181

102
203
1 ,1 9 4
2f 190

119, 580 2 ,2 9 3 ,6 1 3
496,304
14 ,8 0 1
14 ,5 3 6
394,582
90,243 1,402; 727

15,590
1, 523
293
940
8 ,5 7 0
1 ,6 1 0
1,8 4 8
672
134

61
1 7 1 ,1 0 2
3 1 ,1 8 1
556 1,0 6 2 ; 639 232, 250
484
94,446
23 6 ,12 8
607 1 ,3 8 9 ,8 0 9 67 1,0 9 6
68 1 ,1 5 6 , 817
64 ,17 3
5,738 1,500, 511 697.843
188
67 9 ,16 1 835.843
224 1,4 3 1, 802 1,1 7 6 ,9 8 7
479
443,634

6 ,5 6 7 ,5 4 7
298 2 ,1 8 0 ,6 6 0
269 1,8 8 5 ,9 9 3
979 1 ,4 4 7 ,0 3 2
853,962
1,5 1 6

45 1,7 5 8
900, 662
935.184

8 ,1 1 5 ,7 2 7 2; 063, 579
1 ,2 7 9 ,7 5 7
472; 220
1 ,0 9 6 ,6 1 1
700*257
149.408
1 ,8 2 1 ,1 9 4
741,694
3 ,9 1 8 ,1 6 5

3 D a k o ta T e r r ito ry ; see fo o tn o te 5, T a b le 7.
4 A re a n o w c o n s titu tin g W e s t V irg in ia fo rm e d p a r t o f V irg in ia in 1860.
T e r r ito ry fo r 1890 a n d 1900.

6 FRASER
Digitized forIn clu d es p o p u la tio n o f In d ia n


,235,938

16,212
53
445
745
1,2 6 1

121

11*937
467
353
830
132
134
490
1 ,4 7 2

B e l. 1
tod-.

B . O,
Ya.
W . V a.
N . C;
S. C

at
E C|
iv
T enn.
A la .
H iss.

3 2 ,9 1 8 w . s. d.
227
1 ,6 4 1
57 ,6 8 1 Okla>
3; 369 T ex.

f.
t

9 2 ,4 0 1
1 2 ,9 7 1
5 ,2 7 8
% 881
4 ,2 0 8
1 9 ,9 4 4
3 4,708
6 ,0 4 9
6 ,3 6 2

H o n t.
Id a h o .

a s

N .H e x .

Arix.

U ta h .
N ev.

sat

10

POPULATION---- RACE, NATIVITY, AND PARENTAGE
No. 11.— RACE, NATIVITY,
N a tiv e w h ite
S ta te a n d d iv isio n

N a tiv e p are n ta g e

1910

1920

Continental United 49,488,576 58,421,957
States.
New England........................ 2,613,419 2,803,149
M a in e ____ _____________
495, 780
494,907
225, 512
230,231
N ew H a m p sh ire ......... ..
V e rm o n t________________
229,382
228,325
M a s s a c h u s e tts__________ 1,103,429 1,230,773
R h o d e I s la n d . . . ...............
173,553
159,821
C o n n e c tic u t—____ ______
395,049
449,206
Middle Atlantic.
. . r . . 8,462,961 9,631,012
N ew Y o r k ...................
3,230,325 3,668,266
N e w J e r s e y ___________
1,009,909 1, 212, 675
P e n n s y lv a n ia ..................... 4,222,727 4, 750,071
East North Central_____ 9,751,968 11,790,370
O h io .............._...................... 3,033,259 3,669,122
I n d ia n a _________________ 2,130,088 2,329,544
Illin o is__________________ 2,600,655 3,066, 563
M ich ig a n
______
1,224,841 1,670,447
W is c o n s in ............. .............
763,225 1,054,694
West N orth Central.____ 8,523,687 7,476, 548
M in n e s o ta ______________
827, 627
575,081
I o w a .___________________ 1,303,620 1, 528, 653
M is s o u ri________________ 2,387,835 2,536,936
N o rth D a k o ta ™ ...............
207,966
162,461
S o u th D a k o ta __________
308,598
245,652
N e b ra s k a _
757,064
642,075
K an sas
.
. ____ 1.207.057 1,308,804
South Atlantic_________ 7,341,205 8,779,416
D e la w a re
139,876
127,809
M a r y la n d ___ ___________
893,088
766,627
D is t. o f C o lu m b ia ...........
239,488
166,711
V irg in ia ................................ 1,325,238 1,534,494
W e s t Virginia _
1,042,107 1,232,857
N o rth C a ro lin a ................. 1,485,718 1,765,203
S o u th C a ro lin a . .
799,418
661,970
G e o rg ia ________________ 1.391.058 1,642,697
F lo rid a ..................................
532,295
373,967
East South Central............ 6,452,492 6,092,782
K e n tu c k y ______ ________ 1,863,194 2,039,134
T ennessee______ ________ 1,654, 606 1,832,757
A la b a m a ____ ____________ 1,177,459 1,394,129
M ississip p i..........................
757,233
826,762
West South Central............. 5,767,449 6,959,785
A rk a n s a s.............................. 1,077, 509 1,226,692
L o u is ia n a _______________
776,587 941,724
O k lah o m a........................... 1,310,403 1,679,107
T e x a s.................................... 2,602,950 3,112,262
M ountain___
. . 1,466,624 2,002,50$
M o n ta n a _______________
162,127 275,803
I d a h o ....................................
294,252
203,599
W y o m in g _______________
122,884
80,696
C o lorad o ...............................
475,136
603,041
N e w M exico ._
265,609
273,317
A riz o n a
.... _
82,468
151,145
U t a h . . . ................................
245,781
171,663
N evada .
..
36,285
35,326
P acific
....
........ 2,108,770 2,887,387
Washington
585,386
711,706
O regon..................................
416,851
497,726
C a lifo rn ia _______________ 1,106,633 1,677,955

F o reig n p aren tag e

1910
12,916,311
1,400,565
73,455
67,601
39,507
846,820
144,270
288,912
4,113,070
2,241,837
576,011
1,295,228
3,450,015
671,275
211,008
1,232,155
611,319
724,258
2,102,703
667,460
395,541
312,027
180,054
143,045
234,670
169,906
274,451
17,566
130,321
26.522
21,613
35,407
3,886
5, 759
13,232
20,145
123,915
76.523
20,572
17,667
9,153
364,032
18,387
68,389
49,877
227,379
370,009
68,606
40,075
19,751
114,747
14,410
26,117
73,983
12,320
057,546
174,845
79,336
403,364

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of CJommeroe,



1920
16 ,6 9 4 ,6 ?»

M ix e d n a t iv e a n d
fo reig n p aren tag e

1910

1920

F o reig n b o rn
w h ite

1910

5,981,520 6,991,666 13,346,645

rA92,144 736,936 1,814,386
61,500
110,133
76,416
il)039
44,547
96,558
35.516
42,100
35,548
49,861
36,866
1,093,258 323,627 401,959 1,051,050
182,660
178,025
64.268
60,376
421,133
85,577 111,880
328, 759
5,397,951 1,478,230 1,700,302 4, 826,179
2,844,083 765,411 873,566 % 729,272
829.058 201,786 256, 741
658,188
1,724,810 611,039 569,995 1,438,719
4,043,692 1,668,419 1,881,.621 3,067,220
838,251 353,118 386,823
597,245
227,066 139, 543 141,593
159,322
1,467,036 491, 692 558,783 1,202,560
775,288 353,563 429,257
595,524
736,051 320,503 366,065
512,569
2,126,126 1,112,000 1,251,752 1,613,231
708,126 273, 676 347,019
543,010
376,710 236, 640 253,271
273,484
300,064 206,174 202,018
228,896
203,973
71,182
96,512
156,158
' 141,341
74,446
86,817
100,628
231,948 127.683 140,555
175,865
163,964 122,199 125,560
135,190
353,043 165,392 199,961
290,555
23,288
9.641
8,307
17,420
143,203
61.517
66.269
104,174
35,129
18,644
24,351
23,695
30,614
16,330
26,628
22,116
56,625
22,231
25,847
57.072
5,737
5,942
5,740
4,965
7,025
6,694
6,378
6,054
16,371
15.072
13,860
12,440
35,751
27,099
15.680
33,842
115,484
91,062
87,342
86,857
65,931
44, 715
48,181
40,053
20,423
17,335
17,796
18,459
19,591
15, 650
14, 750
18,956
9,539
9.642
10,336
9,389
415,799 241,251 280,810
348,759
19,030
16,909
20,060
18,221
43,000
44,328
67,016
51,782
53,083
49,030
44,167
40,084
276,670 134,535 168,714
239,984
451,132 240,912 300,034
436,910
101,918
62,919
38,203
91,644
47,920
35,120
44,533
40,427
25,234 ■ 12,753
*
16,773
27,118
130.059
126,851
74,040
66.681
18,866
11,921
22,654
13,414,
39,534
46,824
22,671
16,069
76,901
67*544
63,393
63,764,
11,701
17,999
7,911
8,631
884,372 396,110 548,007
861,448
214,618 107.683 143,398
241,197
95,827
103,001
73,442
55,902
573,927 232,525 331,167
517,250

BQJPXTTjATTOX-— RACK, NATIVITY, AND PARENTAGE

11

AND PARENTAGE, BY STATES
F oreign b o rn
w h ite C o n tin u e d
19 2 0

N egro

In d ia n

Ja p a n e se

C h in ese

S ta te an d
d iv is io n
1910

19 2 0

19 10

m o

1910

19 2 0

1910

1920

. .

V. S.

13 ,7 1 2 ,7 5 4

9 ,827,783

10 ,4 6 3 ,13 1

265,683

244,437

7 1,5 3 1

6 1,6 3 9

7 2 ,15 7

1, 870, 654
10 7 ,3 4 9
91, 233
4 4 ,5 2 6
1 ,0 7 7 ,5 3 4
173, 499
376,513

66,306
1,3 6 3
664
1,6 2 1
38,055
9 ,5 2 9
15 ,1 7 4

79,051
1 ,3 1 0
621
572
45,466
10,036
2 1,0 4 6

2,076
892
34
26
688
284
152

1 ,7 1 5
839
28
24
555
110
159

3 ,499
10 8
67
8
2 ,5 8 2
272
462

3 ,602
161
95
11
2 ,544
225
566

272
13
1
3
151
33
71

347 N, E.
7
M e.
8
N. H.
4
m.
191
M ass.
35
B .I .
102
C o n n.

4 ,9 12 ,5 7 5
2 ,7 8 6 ,1 1 2
738,613
1,3 8 7 ,8 5 0

4 17,870
13 4 ,1 9 1
8 9 ,7 6 0 ,
19 3 ,9 19

600,183
198,483
11 7 ,13 2
284,568

7 ,7 17
6 ,0 4 6
168
1,5 0 3

5 ,940
5 ,603
100
337

8 ,1 8 9
5 ,266
1 ,1 3 9
1 ,7 8 4

8 ,8 12
5,793
1 ,1 9 0
1 ,8 2 9

1,643
1,2 4 7
206
190

3 ,2 6 6 M. A .
% 686
N. Y.
325
N .J .
255
P a.

3 ,2 2 8 ,2 7 9
678,697
150,868
1,2 0 6 ,9 5 1
726,635
4 6 0 ,12 8

300,836
111, 452
60,3 2 0
10 9 ,0 4 9
1 7 ,1 1 5
2 ,9 0 0

514,554
18 6 ,18 7
8 0 ,8 10
182,274
60,082
5 ,2 0 1

18,255
127
279
188
7 ,5 1 9
1 0 ,1 4 2

15,695
3 ,4 15
151
569
125
276
194 , 2 ,10 3
241
5 ,6 14
9 ,6 1 1
226

5,043
941
283
2 ,776
792
251

482
76
38
285
49
34

927 E. N. C.
13 0
Ohio.
In d .
81
472
111.
184
M ich
W is.
60

1,3 7 1 ,9 6 1
486,164
225,647
186,026
131,503
82,391
149,652
110,578

242,662
7 ,084
14 ,9 7 3
167,452
6 17
8 17
7 ,6 8 9
54,030

278, 521
8 ,8 0 9
19 ,0 0 5
178,241
467
832
13 ,2 4 2
57,925

4 1,4 0 0
9 ,053
471
313
6 ,4 8 6
19 ,1 3 7
3 ,5 0 2
2 ,444

37,263
8 ,7 6 1
529
171
6 ,254
16 ,384
2 ,8 8 8
2 ,2 7 6

1,1 9 5
275
97
535
39
121
112
16

1,6 7 8
508
235
412
124
142
189
68

1,0 0 0
67
36
99
59
42
590
107

315,920
1 9 ,8 1 0
10 2 ,17 7
28,548
30,785
6 1,9 0 6
7 ,099
6 ,401
16 ,1 8 6
43,008

4 ,1 1 2 ,4 8 8
3 1 ,1 8 1
2 32,250
94,446
6 7 1,096
64 ,17 3
697,843
835,843
1 ,1 7 6 ,9 8 7
308,669

4 ,3 2 5 ,1 2 0
30,335
244,479
109,966
690,017
86,345
763,407
864, 719
1,2 0 6 ,3 6 5
329,487

9 ,0 5 4
5
55
68
539
36
7 ,851
331
95
74

13,673
2
32
37
824
7
1 1 ,8 2 4
304
125
518

1,6 8 2
30
378
369
154
90
80
67
233
191

1,8 2 4
43
371
461
278
98
88
93
2 11
181

156
4
24
47
n
3
2
8
4
50

360 S. A ,
8
D e l.
29
M d.
103
D. a
V a.
56
W . V a.
10
24
N. C.
S'. C .
15
9
G a.
F la .
106

7 1,9 3 9
30,780
15 ,4 7 8
17, 662
8 ,0 19

2 ,6 6 2 ,5 1 3
2 6 1,6 5 6
473,088
908,282
1,0 0 9 ,4 8 7

2 ,523,532
235,938
451, 758
900,652
935,184

2 ,6 1 2
234
2 16
909
1,253

1,6 2 3
57
56
405
1 ,1 0 5

414
52
43
62
257

642
62
57
59
364

26
12
8
4
,2

35 E. S . C.
9
K y,
T en n .
8
18
A la .
M iss.

459,333
13 ,9 7 5
44, 871
39, 968
360, 519

1,9 8 4 ,4 2 6
442,891
713, 874
137, 612
690,049

2,003, 579
472,220
700,257
149,408
741,694

76,767
460
780
74,825
702

60 ,6 18
10 6
1,0 6 6
57,337
2 ,1 0 9

1,303
62
507
189
595

1,6 3 4
113
387
261
773

9
31
48
340

578 W. B, C.
A rk ,
6
L a.
57
O kla.
67
449
T ex.

453,225
93, 620
38,963
25,255
116 ,9 5 4
29,077
78,099
56,455
14 ,8 0 2

21,4 6 7
1,8 3 4
651
2 ,235
11 ,4 5 3
1 ,6 2 8
2 ,0 0 9
1 ,1 4 4
513

30,801
1,6 5 8
920
1,3 7 5
11,.318
5,733
8 ,0 0 5
1,4 4 6
346

75,388
10,745
3 ,4 8 8
1,4 8 6
1, 482
20,573
2 9 ,201
3 ,12 3
5 ,2 4 0

7 6,899
10 ,9 5 6
3 ,0 9 8
1,3 4 3
1,3 8 3
1 9 ,8 1 2
32,989
2 ,7 1 1
4 ,907

5 ,6 14
1 ,2 8 5
859
246
373
248
1,3 0 5
371
927

4 ,339
872
585
252
291
171
1 ,1 3 7
342
689

10 ,4 4 7
1,5 8 5
1,8 6 3
1,-596
2 ,3 0 0
■258
371
2 ,1 1 0
864

10 ,7 9 2 m .
1 ,0 7 4
M o n t.
1,5 6 9
Id aho .
W yo.
1 ,1 9 4
2 ,4 6 4
Colo..
251
N .M e x .
550
A xiz.
U ta h .
2 ,9 3 6
754
N ev.

1,0 3 3 ,8 6 8
250,055
10 2 ,1 5 1
681,662

2 9 ,19 5
6 ,058
1,4 9 2
21, 645

47,790
6 ,883
2 ,1 4 4
38,763

32,458
10 ,9 9 7
5, 090
16 ,3 7 1

3 1 ,0 1 1
9 ,0 6 1
4 ,5 9 0
17 ,3 6 0

4 6 ,3 2 0
2 ,7 0 9
7 ,3 6 3
3 6 ,2 4 8

3 4,265
2 ,3 6 3
3 ,0 9 0
2 8 ,8 12

57,703
12 ,9 2 9
3 ,4 1 8
4 1,3 5 6

9 3,490 Pac.
W ash .
1 7 ,3 8 7
4 ,1 5 1
Oreg.
7 1,9 5 2
C a in .




1 1 1 ,0 1 0

1,2 1 5 W* N. 0
85
M in n .
29
Io w a .
135
M o.
N .D a k .
72
38
6 . D ak .
804
N eb r.
K an s.
52

12

POPULATION— RACE, NATIVITY, AND PARENTAGE
No. IS.— RACE, NATIVITY, AND PARENTAGE! P beobnta&k s ,
P e r c e n t o f t o t a l p o p u la tio n

S tatus'

P e r ce n t o f w h ite p o p u la tio n

N egro

W h ite

bt

N a tiv e , 1920

F o reig n b a m

State and division
N a­
tiv e
1 9 1 0 11 0 2 0 T o t a l p a r­
e n t­
age

F o r­
e ig n M ixed
p a r­
p a r­ e n t­ 1 9 0 0
e n t­
ag e
age

1900

1910

1020 1900

8 7 .9

8 8 .9

8 9 .7

1 1 .6

1 0 .7

9 .9

8 5 .5

6 1 ,6

1 8 .6

7 .4

1 5 .3

ia s

14 5

M a in e . .........................
N ew H a m p sh ire —
V e rm o n t......................
M a s sa c h u se tts--------R h o d e I s la n d ............
C o n n e c tic u t_______

9 8 .8
0 9 .7
9 9 .8
0 9 ,7
oa 7
0 7 .8
9 8 .2

9 8 .9
9 9 .7
9 9 .8
9 9 .6
9 8 .8
oai
9 8 .6

9 8 .9
9 9 ,7
9 9 .8
9 9 .8
oa7
9 8 .3
9 8 .4

1 .1
0 .2
0 .2
0 .2
1 .1
2 .1
1 .7

1 .0
0 .2
0 .1
0 .5
1 .1
1 .8
1 .4

1 .1
a
0 .1
0 .2
1 .3
1 .7
l.|

74 4
8 6 .0
7 9 .4
8 7 .3
7 1 .7
7 0 .8
7 2 .3

3 8 .3
647
640
6 4 .9
3 2 .4
2 9 .2
3 3 .1

2 8 .1
1 1 .3
ia 3
1 2 .0
2 8 .7
3 0 .8
3 1 .0

1 0 .1
1 0 .0
ia i
ia e
1 0 .6
ia a
a2

2 6 .0
1 3 .4
2 1 .4
1 3 .0
3 0 .3
3 1 .9
2a 6

2 6 .0
14 9
2 2 .5
14 1
3 1 .6
3 3 .4
2 9 .9

2 5 .6
140
2 0 .6
1 2 .7
2 8 .3
2 9 .2
2 7 .7

M id d le Atlantic.........
N e w Y o r k __________
N e w J e rs e y .................
P e n n s y lv a n ia .............

9 7 .8
0 8 .5
0 6 .2
9 7 .6

9 7 .7
9 8 .4
oa 4
9 7 .4

9 7 .2
9 7 .9
9 6 .2
9 0 .7

2 .1
1 .4
3 .7
2 .5

2 .2
1 .6
3 .5
2 .5

2 .7
1 .9
3 .7
3. ,3

7 7 .3
7 2 .6
7 5 .7
8 3 .5

446
3 6 .1
3 9 .9
5 6 .3

249
2 8 .0
2 7 .3
2 0 .5

2 1 .9
2a 4
2 3 .7
ia o

2 5 .6
3 0 .4
2 6 .9
1 9 .3

2 2 .7
2 7 .4
24 3
ia s

* 8 .8
9 7 .7
9 7 .7
Illinois
9a 2
Michigan .........
9 9 .1
W is c o n sin __________ 9 9 .5

oa
9 7 .6
9 7 .7
oao
9 9 .1
9 9 .4

9 7 .5
9 6 .7
9 7 .2
9 7 .1
9 8 .2
9 9 ,4

1 .6
2 .3
2 .3
L8
0 .7
0 .1

1 .6
2 .3
2 ,2
1 .9
0 .6
0 .1

2 .4
3 .2
2 .8
2 .8
1 .6
0 .2

84 6
8 7 .8
94 7
8 0 .8
7 9 .8
8 2 .4

5 8 ,3
6 6 .9
8 1 .8
48. 7
4a 4
4 0 .3

1 9 .3
1 5 .0
8 .0
2 3 .3
21. 6
a 1

2

9 .0
ao
ao
ao
1 1 ,9
14 0

16L 7
1 1 .3
a s
2 0 .4
2 2 .5
2a 1

1 7 .1
12. 8
6 .0
2 1 .8
2 1 .4
2 2 .1

1 5 .4
1 2 .2
5 .3
1 9 .2
2 0 .2
1 7 .6

9 7 .6
9 9 .2
9 9 .2
94 7

2 .8
0 .3
0 .6
5 .2
0 .1

2 .2
0 .4
0 .8
5 .2
0 .1

88 .8
7 9 .5
9 0 .5
94 2
7 9 .5
8 6 .7
8 8 .3
9 3 .6

6 1 .1
34 9
64 1
7a 7
3 2 .5
49. 8
59. 2
7 6 .6

1 7 .4
2 9 .9
1 5 .8
9 .3
3 1 .9
2 2 .8
1 8 .1
9 .6

1 0 .2
14 6
1 0
6 .3

1 5 .2
2 9 .1
1 3 .8
7 .3

1 4 .2
2 6 .4
12. 4
7 .3
2 7 .4
1 7 .8

1 1 .2
2 0 .5
9 .5
5 .8
2 0 .5
13 .3

9 6 .7
8 9 .7
91. 5

9 8 .1
9 5 .5
9 9 .6
9 9 .2
9 9 .0
9a 3

9 1 .0
7 2 .6
741
7 3 .3
948
8 9 .5
9 9 .0
9 7 ,7
9 7. 3
8 3 .4

8 .7
1 2 .1
1 1 .9
1 0 .7
1 .9
4 1
0 .3
ao
1 .0
5 .6

Continental
United States.
New England.........

East North Central__

O h i o . . . .......................
I n d ia n a ____________

West North Central...

9 7 .8
9 9 .2
9 9 .4
9 4 .8
9 7 .7
South Dakota
04 8
N eb rask a........... .......... 9 9 .1
K a n s a s ......................... 9 6 .3

M in n e so ta __________
I o w a . ........... ............
M is s o u ri-....................
N o rth D a k o ta ...........

South Atlantic...........

2

9 7 .5
9 9 .2
9 9 .3
9 5 .2
9 8 .8
oa 6
9 9 .0

oa7

66.2

9&9

2 .1
0 .3
0 .7
48
0 .1
0 .1
0 .6

2

9 7 .3
oa 7
oae

0.1

8 5 .7
1 6 .6
1 9 .8
8 1 .1
3 5 .6
46
3 3 .0
sa4
4 6 .7
4 3 .7

3 2 .6
5 .3
3 1 .6
ea2
4 5 .1
4 1 .0

2 9 .9
5 .9
2 9 .8
51. 4
4 1 .7
34 0

0 .6
3 .5

0.1
1.0

2 8 .3
88.7 30.9
a

648
8 3 .4
80. 2
; 68. 7
64 3
95. 6
8 6 .7
4 1 .6
5 3 .3
6 6 .3

84 6
8 2 .0
7 1 .3
6 7 .4
94 7
aao
448
549
9

6 9 .0
sa 4
sa i
74 7
7a i
941
6 9 .7
4a 6
aa 3
ea 9

East South Central_
_

6 6 .8
8 6 .7
,7 A 2
54 7
4 1 .3

6 8 .4
sa a
7a 3
6 7 .6
4 3 .7

7 1 .6
9 0 .2
8a 7
6 1 .6
4 7 .7

3 3 .1
1 3 .3
2 3 .8
45. 2
ea 5

3 1 .6
1 1 .4
2 1 .7
4 2 .6
5 6 .2

28. A
9 .8
1 9 .3
3a 4
5 2 .2

9 8 .9
9a 6
99. 2
9 8 .8
9 9 .1

9 0 .7
9 3 ,5
97*2
96?3
9 0 .8

West South Central....

7 8 .0
7 2 .0
5 2 .8
84 8
7 9 ,6

7 8 .5
7 1 .8
6a 8
8 7 .2
8 2 .2

7 9 .2
7 3 .0
6 1 .0
8 9 .8
840

2 5 .9
2 8 .0
4 7 .1
7 .0
2 0 .4

2 2 .6
2a i
4 3 .1
a3
1 7 .7

2 0 .1
2 7 .0
3a9
7 .4
ia o

94 3
9a 9
aa 9
97. 8
9 0 ,8

M
ftn-ntft.i-n

94 3
93. 0
9 5 .5
9 6 .2
oao
9 2 .3
7 5 .6
9 8 .5
8 3 ,6

9 5 .7

M o n t a n a ........... ........
I d a h o ............................
W y o m in g ....................
C o lo ra d o ......................
N ew M exico A riz o n a ______ ______
U t a h ................... ..........
N e v a d a ........................

oao
oai
9 8 .0
9 3 .1
8 3 .9
9 8 .2
9 0 .7

9 8 .3
9 7 .3
9 8 .6
9 7 .8
9 8 .3
9 2 .9
8 7 .2
oa 3
9 1 .3

0 .9
0 .6
0 .2
1 .0
1 .6
0 .8
1 .5
0 .2
0 .3

0 .8
0 .6
0 .2
1 .5
1 .4
0 .5
1 .0
0 .3
0 .6

0 .9
0 .3
0 .2
0 .7
1 .2
1 .6
2 .4
0 .3
0 .4

Pacific
..... _
W a s h in g to n ...............
O reg o n .........................
C a lifo rn ia - .................

949
9 5 .8
9 5 .4
94 5

9 6 .0
9 7 .1
9 7 .4
9A 0

9 6 .2
9 7 .3
9 8 .2
oa3

0 .6
0 .5
0 .3
0 .7

0 .7
0 .5
0 .2
0 .9

0 .6
0 .3
1. 1

0.9

D e la w a r e ............. ..

M aryland

__

D is t . o f C o lu m b ia ..
V ir g in ia .......................
W e s t V ir g in ia ...........
N o r th C a ro lin a . . . .
S o u th C a r o l i n a . . . . .
G eorg ia..................... ..
F lo rid a .........................
K e n tu c k y ...................
T e n n e s s e e .. .............
A la b a m a ................. ..
M is s is s ip p i.................

A rk a n s a s .....................
L o u isia n a ....................
O klah o m a^ .................
T e x a s............................

95.9

1 5 .4
1 7 .9

2a

6

1 3 .0

ia o
2a i

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.


1Includes population of Indian Territory for 1900.


7 .9
a a
a&
a s 1

14 0

3a i
23.2

7 .3

ao

2 .1

8.1

ia i

11.0
ao

la s

19 1 0 1920

14 9 11.7
8 .3

6 .5

3.6
1 0 .2
9.8

s .8

1 .4
1 .9
0 .3
0 ,7
0 .8
42

8 .9
9 .8
1 0 .2
1 .6
2 .4
a3
1 .0
1 .0
&5

1 0 .3
1 .9
4 .9
0 .4
0 .9
1 .1
7 .6

10 .3
8 .5
a ;
1 .9
45
0 .4
0 .8
1 .0
a7

1 .8
3 .0
1 .1
1 .4
1 .1

L4
2 .1
0 .9
1 .1
1 ,1

1 .8
2 .7
1 .1
1 .4
1 .2

1 .5
2 .0
1 .1
1 .6
1 .2

i.i
1 .4
0 .8
1 .2
0 .9

8 0 ,8
9 5 .9
sa 9
9 2 .2
7 9 .4

6 .1
1 .5
6 .1
2 .9
7 .1

3 .5
1 .6
ao
2 .7
43

5 .5
1 .5
7 .1
3 .0
7 .3

6 .2
1 .5
a$
2 .8
7 .5

6 .7
1 .1
4 1
2 .2
9 .2

8 5 .9
8 2 .5
9 0 .8
8 6 .7
8 7 .3
9 1 .3
7a 2
87. 2
7 9 .1

6 2 .3
5 1 .6
6 9 .1
64 0
6 5 .3
8 1 .7
5 1 .9
5 5 .6
5 1 ,3

14 0
1 9 .1
1 1 .3
1 3 .3
141
5 .6
1 3 .6
1 7 .2
ia e

9 .6
1 1 .8
1 0 .5
8 .8
ao
4 0
7 .8
1 4 4x
1 1 .2

ia $
2 7 .6
14 2
ia e
1 7 .1
7 .4
24 1
1 9 .4
242

1 7 .3
2a 4
1 2 .7
1 9 .3
ia 2
7 .4
2 7 .3
1 7 .3
242

141
1 7 .6
9 .2
13 .3
1 2 .7
8 .7
2 6 .8
1 2 .8
2 0 .9

8 0 .7
8 1 .1
8 6 .7
7 9 .1

5 8 .9
5 3 .9
647
5 1 .4

1 6 .5
la s
1 2 .5
1 7 .6

1 0 .2
1 0 .9
9 .5
1 0 .1

2 0 .6
2 0 .0
1 3 .7
2 2 .6

2 1 .4
2 1 .7
1 5 .7
2 2 .9

91.3

5 .5

7.2

1 9 .3

IS

9

1 3 .3
2 0 .9

lO ^ I ^ T I O N ---- SEX AND \A<p ,D3^TR3P^TJtON

13

No. 1 3 .— SEX DISTRIBUTION, BY RACE, NATIVITY, AND PARENTAGE:
t in e n t a l U n it e d S t a t e s
19 0 0

1910

M a le s p e r 100
fem a le s

19 2 0

C lass
i

F em ales

M a le s

M a le s

F em ales

F em ales

M a les

19 0 0

1910

A ll c la sse s.......... 38,8 16 ,4 4 8 3 7 ,17 8 ,13 7 4 7 ,332,277 44,639,989 63 ,9 0 0 ,4 3 1 5 1 ,8 1 0 ,1 8 9 ,* P M
W h i te _______J ................. 3 4 ,2 0 1,7 3 5 32 ,6 0 7 ,4 6 1
N e g r o ........ ....................... 4 ,3 8 6 ,5 4 7 4 ,4 4 7 ,4 4 7
In d ia n ___________ _____
119, 484
1 1 7 ,7 1 2
C h in e s e - ..........................
85.341
4 ,522
J a p a n e s e ___ ___________
23.341
985
A l l o th e r ______________
W h i te p o p u la tio n :
N a t iv e , t o t a l28,686,450 2 7,908,929
N a tiv e p a re n ta g e . _ 20,849,847 2 0 ,0 9 9 ,5 16
F o reig n o r m ixed
p a re n ta g e — , — 7 ,8 3 6 ,6 0 3 7 ,8 0 9 ,4 1 4
F o reig n ^ ________ 5 ,3 4 1,3 6 0 5 ,2 9 0 ,9 3 0
M ix e d n a t iv e
a n d fo re ig n —
2,4 9 6 ,2 5 3 2 ,5 18 ,4 8 4
F o reig n b o r n . ............. 6 ,6 16 ,2 8 5 4 ,6 9 8 ,5 3 2

4 2 ,17 8 ,2 4 5 3 9 ,5 5 3 ,7 12 48,4 3 0 ,6 5 5 4 6 ,3 9 0 ,2 6 0 1 0 1 9
4 ,8 8 5 ,8 8 1 4 ,9 4 1 ,8 8 2 5 ,2 0 9 ,4 3 6 5 ,2 5 3 ,6 9 5 o a 6
130,050
1 1 9 ,3 6 9 10 L 5
1 3 5 ,1 3 3
12 5 ,0 6 8
4 ,6 7 5
5 3 ,891
7,748 1,887.2
66,856
63,070
38,303 2,369.6
9 ,0 8 7
72,707
83
8 ,6 7 4
814
3 ,0 9 2
3 4 ,654,457
2 5 ,2 2 0 ,2 18

1920

10 6 .0 1 0 1 0
1 0 6 .0
9 8 .9
10 3 .5
1,430.1
6911
<0

1 0 4 .4
9 9 .2
10 4 .8
6 9 5 .5
18 9 .8
1,065.6

40 ,9 0 2 ,3 3 3 40,2 0 5 ,8 2 8 10 2 .8 10 2 .7 1 0 1 .7
29 ,6 3 6 ,7 8 1 2 8 ,7 8 5 ,17 6 10 3 .7 1 0 1 0 10 3 .0

9 ,4 2 5 ,2 3 9 9 ,4 7 2 ,5 0 8 11 ,2 6 5 ,5 5 2 1 1 ,4 2 0 ,6 5 2 10 0 .3 9 9 .5
6 ,4 5 6 ,7 9 3 6 ,4 5 0 ,5 1 8 7 ,$ 1 A 631 7 ,8 8 4 ,0 0 8 1 0 1 .0 1 0 0 .0

oa 6
9 9 .1

9 8 .5 9 7 .7
2 ,9 6 8 ,4 4 6 3 ,0 13 ,0 8 0 3 ,4 5 5 ,0 2 1 3 ,5 3 6 ,6 4 4 9 9 .1
7 ,5 2 3 ,7 8 8 A 8 2 1,7 6 7 7 ,5 2 8 ,3 2 2 6 ,1 8 4 ,4 3 2 1 1 7 .4 1 2 9 .2 1 2 1 .7
18 7 0

18 0 0
T o t a l p o p u la tio n :
M a le s . —.............- ........
F e m a le s -....................
M a le s p e r 1 0 0 fem ales

Con­

1880
2 5 ,5 18 ,8 2 0
2 4 ,6 3 6 ,9 6 3
1 0 3 .6

19 ,4 9 3 ,5 6 5
1 9 ,0 6 4 ,8 0 6
1 0 2 .2

16 ,0 8 5 ,2 0 4
1 5 ,3 5 8 ,1 1 7
1 0 4 .7

1890
3 2 ,2 3 7 ,1 0 1
3 0,710, 613
1 0 5 .0

Source* B u re a u o f t h e C en su s, D e p a rtm e n t o f C om m erce.
1 R a tio n o t sh o w n , n u m b e r o f fem ales b eing le ss th a n , 10 0

No. 14.— AGE DISTRIBUTION, BY CIASSES: C ontinental U nited S tates ,
___
1920, with C ertain C omparisons fob P revious C ensuses
A l l classes
Age group

N u m b er
1900

P er cen t
1020

1910

1900

1910

19 2 0

T o ta l.............. ......................

7 6 ,9 9 4 ,5 7 5

9 1,9 7 2 ,2 6 6

i 10 5 ,7 1 0 ,6 2 0

100. 0

10 0 .0

10 0 .0

U n d e r 5 —.....................................
5 t o 1 4 ................................................
15tO 1 9 ........ ..................................20 t o 4 4 ........................ .....................
4 5 a n d o v e r . - .................... ............
A g e u n k n o w n ..........._____ ______

0 ,1 7 0 , 628
16 ,9 6 4 , 357
7,556, 089
28,632, 443
1 3 ,4 8 0 ,4 7 4
200, 584

1 0 ,6 3 1 ,3 6 4
1 8 ,8 6 7 ,7 7 2
9 ,0 6 3 ,6 0 3
35,866, 859
17 ,3 7 3 ,6 1 3
16 9,055

1 1 ,5 7 3 , 230
22,039, 212
9 ,4 3 0 , 556
40,655, 543
2 1,963* 380
148, 6 9 0

12. 1
22. 3
9. 9
37 7
1 7 .7
0 .3

11. 6
20. 5
9 .9
39. 0
1 8 .9
0 .2

10. 0
20.. 8
8 .9
3 8 .4
20 8
0 .1

N um ber

Total__
U n d e r 5 ...........
5 to 1 4 .......... —
15 t o 1 9 _______
20 t o 44__..........
4 5 a n d o v e r .. _
A ge unknow n.

N um ber

100.0

6 1 ,8 1 0 ,1 8 9

5,857, 461
1 1 ,1 2 2 ,3 0 7
4 ,673, 792
20, 555, 965
11, 598, 031
92, 875

ia 9

5 ,7 15 , 769
10 ,9 1 6 , 905
4 ,756, 764
19 ,9 9 9 ,5 7 8
10 ,3 6 5 ,3 4 9
5 5 ,8 2 4

N um ber
T o tal......... 13 ,7 1 8 ,7 5 4
U n d e r 5 - .............
5 t o 14 ..................
15 to 1 9 -_______
20 t o 4 4 -.............
4 5 an d o ve r.
Age unknow n -

P e r ct

5 3 ,9 0 0 ,4 3 1

F oreig n -b o rn
w h ite

4 4 ,9 8 4
5 0 1,2 4 6
527, 942
7 ,19 8 , 586
5 ,4 19 , 732
2 0,264

N a tiv e w h ite , n a ­ N a tiv e w h ite , foreign
t i v e p a ren tag e
o r m ix ed p a re n ta g e

All females

A l l m ales

20. 6
8 .7
3 8 .1
21. 5

0.2

P er c t

ioao
21.1
9 .2
3 8 .6

20.0

0.1

N egroes

N um ber

P e r ct,

N um ber

P e r c t.

5 8 ,4 2 1,9 5 7

100.0

2 2 ,6 8 6 ,2 0 4

100.0

7,366, 530
13 ,4 3 3 ,5 7 2
6 ,5 9 9 ,0 4 6
20,952, 732
1 0 ,9 7 7 ,9 0 8
9 2 ,1 6 9

12.6

2 ,9 6 2 ,4 0 7
5 ,5 2 1, 749
2 ,1 8 7 ,1 6 7
8 ,2 3 5 ,8 5 5
3 ,7 6 7 ,7 9 6
1 1 ,2 3 0

1 3 .1
2 4 .3
9 .6 '
3 6 .3
1 6 .6

I n d ia n

2 3 .0

0.6
35. 9
1 8 .8

0.2

^ C h in ese

(>
)

Ja p a ilese

P e r ct.

N u m b er

P e r ct. N u m b e r P e r ct. N um ber P*er ct. N u m b e r P e r c t.

10 0 .0

1 0 ,4 6 3 ,1 3 1

10 0 .0

244,437

10 0 .0

6 1,6 3 9

10 0 .0

1 1 1 ,0 1 0

1 9 0 .0

0 .3
3 .7
3 .9
5 2 .5
3 9 .5
0 .1

1 ,1 4 3 , 699
2 ,5 0 3 ,1 2 1
1,083, 215
3 ,9 9 6 ,0 8 3
1,7 1 3 , 5 10
23 ,5 0 3

10. 9
2 3 .9
1 0 .4
3 8 .2
16 4
0 .2

3 3 ,3 4 6
6 4 ,3 3 9
25, 4 17
75, 345
4 5 ,1 9 9
791

1 3 .6
26. 3
1 0 .4
3 0 .8
18. 5
0 .3

2 ,8 9 8
4 ,5 1 6
2 ,7 6 0
2 5 ,4 7 0
2 5 ,7 3 5
260

4 ,7
7 .3
4. 5
4 1 .3
4 1 .8
0 .4

1 9 ,0 2 9
1 0 ,3 1 2
4 ,3 4 2
6 4 ,3 1 5
1 2 ,6 0 0
4 12

' 17* 1
9 .3
3 .9
15
0 1 .4
<14

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce,

Digitized for Allclassesfor 1920, includes other nonwhite (9,488).
i FRASER
JLess than one-tenth of 1 per cent.


14

POPULATION---- SEX DISTRIBUTION, B Y » BADE/ ETC,
Wo. I S .— SEX DISTRIBUTION, BY BACE
T o ta l p o p u la tio n
N a tiv e w h ite , 1920
1910

1920

S ta te an d d iv isio n

M a le s

F em ales

M a le s

F em ales

Conti nental 47,382,277 44,639,989 5 3 ,9 00,431
United States.
New England....... ■_ 3 ,2 6 5 ,1 1 4 3 ,2 8 7 ,5 6 7 3 ,6 7 2 ,5 9 1
__

M a le s p e r

100fem ales
1910

1920

M a le s

F e m a le s

M a les
per
fe­
m a les

100

5 1,8 1 0 ,1 8 0 10 6 .0 m o 40,902,333 40,2 0 6 ,8 2 8 1 0 1 .7

8 ,7 2 8 ,3 1 8 9 9 .3 9 8 .5 2 ,6 8 2 ,1 7 6 8 ,7 6 3 ,2 5 0 9 7 .1
377,052
M a in e ............................
388,752
379,262 1 0 3 .2
3 6 5 ,31S
33 1,6 4 8
326,698 1 0 1 .5
N e w H a m p sh ire ____
220,971 10 0 .9 10 0 .5
2 1 6 ,29C
214*282
1 7 4 ,8 2 3
17 6 ,2 7 5 9 9 .2
18 ^ 568
173,674 10 5 .3 1 0 3 .0
V e rm o n t..................
154,793
173,388
17 8,854
152,498 1 0 1 .5
M a s s a c h u s e tts______ 1,6 5 5 ,2 4 8 1 ,7 1 1 ,1 6 8 1,8 9 0 ,0 1 4 1 ,9 6 2 ,3 4 2 9 6 .7 9 6 .3 1,3 3 0 ,9 9 8 1,3 9 4 ,9 9 2 9 5 .4
R h o d e I s l a n d . . .........
27 0 ,3 14
297,624
2 14 ,5 1 4 9 6 .0
205,967
306,873 9 9 .3 9 7 .0
272,296
563,642
1 0 1 .5
C o n n e c t ic u t ............ ..
6 5 1 ,1 1 4
695,335
483,946
498,273 9 7 .1
685,296

102.6

222,112

102.3

Kiddle A tla n tic . - .........

9 ,5 0 2 ,6 2 6
4 ,5 2 9 ,0 1 7
1,250* 704
3 ,7 2 2 ,9 0 5

11 ,2 0 6 ,4 4 6
5 ,18 7 ,3 5 0
1,5 9 0 , 075
4 ,4 2 9 ,0 2 0

11 ,0 5 4 ,6 9 9 10 3 .3 1 0 1 .4
9 9 .8
5 ,19 7 ,8 7 7
1, 565,825 10 2 ,9 1 0 1 .5
4 ,2 9 0 ,9 9 7 10 5 .9 10 3 ,2

8,8 5 7 ,7 8 2
2 ,3 3 2 ,3 6 3
1 ,3 1 7 ,6 8 1
2 ,7 2 6 ,9 1 7
1 ,3 5 5 ,6 3 9
1 ,1 2 5 ,2 8 2

11 ,0 3 5 ,0 4 1
2 ,9 5 5 ,9 8 0
1,4 8 9 ,0 7 4
3 ,3 0 4 ,8 3 3
1,9 2 8 ,4 3 6
1,3 5 6 ,7 1 8

10,440,502
2 ,3 0 3 ,4 1 4
1 ,4 4 1 ,3 1 6
3 ,1 8 0 ,4 4 7
1 ,7 3 9 ,9 7 6
1,275*349

6 ,0 9 2 ,8 5 5 5,54 5 ,0 6 6
M in n e s o ta . ................ 1,1 0 8 , 511
9 6 7 ,19 7
I o w a ......... ...................... 1 ,1 4 8 ,1 7 1 1,0 7 6 ,6 0 0
M i s s o u r i . . .................. 1 ,6 8 7 ,8 1 3 1,605, 522
317, 554
N o rth D a k o t a - . . - , - .
259,502
S o u th D a k o ta ______
317, 112
266,776
N e b ra s k a .....................
627,782
664,432
K a n s a s ..........................
8 8 5 ,9 12
805,037

6 ,4 5 9 ,0 6 7
1,2 4 5 ,5 3 7
1 ,2 2 9 ,3 9 2
1,7 2 3 ,3 1 9
3 4 1,6 7 3
3 3 7 ,12 0
672,805
909,221

6 ,0 8 5 ,1 8 2
1 ,1 4 1 ,5 8 8
1 ,1 7 4 ,6 2 9
1,0 8 0 ,7 3 6
3 0 5 ,19 9
299,427
623,567
86 0 ,0 3 6

7 ,0 3 5 ,8 4 3
113, 755
729,455
203,543
1 ,1 6 8 , 492
7 6 3 ,10 0
1 ,2 7 9 ,0 6 2
838,293
1 ,4 4 4 ,8 2 3
495,320

6,954*429
4 ,7 0 8 ,1 4 7 4 ,6 2 4 ,8 7 3
109,248 10 4 .6 1 0 4 .1
86,6 8 0
8 6 ,12 5
720,206 9 8 .9 1 0 1 .3
551, 587 9 9 .9
550,973
234,028 9 1 .3 8 7 .0
136, 889
161, 423 8 4 .8
1 ,1 4 0 ,6 9 5 10 0 .9 1 0 2 .4
8 06,082
7 8 1,042 m
700,601
10 8 .9
673, 959
64 1,3 7 0 J 0 5 . 1
1,2 8 0 ,0 6 1 9 9 .2 9 9 .9
894,690
88 1,9 9 0 1 0 1 .4
8 4 5,431 98. 5 9 9 .2
4 11 ,7 2 8
400,409
1,4 5 1 ,0 0 9
9 9 .6
84 4 .10 5
828,823
292,104 10 3 .7
4 7 3 ,15 0
10 4 .7
303,041

4 ,4 7 1 ,6 9 0
1,2 2 7 ,4 9 4
1 ,1 7 3 ,9 6 7
1 ,1 7 3 ,1 0 5
8 97,124

4*421,617 1 0 1 .9
3 ,1 8 4 ,4 1 9 3, 111, 189 10 2 .4
1 ,1 8 9 ,1 3 6 1 0 3 .0 1 0 3 .2 1,0 9 1 ,3 7 4 1,0 5 8 ,4 0 6 10 3 .1
1 ,1 6 3 ,9 1 8
10 0 .9
942, 203
9 2 8 ,3 12 1 9 1 .5
722,414
1 ,1 7 5 ,0 6 9
9 9 .8
706,956
8 93,494
10 0 .4
4 17 ,5 1 5
428,428

9 ,8 13 ,2 6 6
N e w Y o r k . . ............... 4 ,5 8 4 ,5 9 7
N e w J e r s e y _________ 1,286*463
P e n n s y lv a n ia _______ 3 ,9 4 2 ,2 0 6

East North Central___
O hio ______ ________
I n d ia n a _____________
Illin o is ____ _________
M ich ig a n ________
W is c o n s in ............

9,3 9 2 ,8 3 9
2 ,4 3 4 ,7 5 8
1,3 8 3 ,2 9 5
2 ,9 1 1 ,6 7 4
1,4 5 4 ,5 3 4
1,2 0 8 ,5 7 8

West North Central___

South Atlantic...........

6 ,13 4 ,6 0 5 6 ,0 6 0 ,2 9 0
D e la w a re .....................
103,435
9 8 ,887
M a r y la n d ...................
644,225
6 5 1 ,1 2 1
158, 050
D is tric t o f C o lu m b ia
173, 019
V i r g i n i a . . . . ________ 1 ,0 3 5 ,3 4 8 1,026, 264
644,044
W e s t V i r g i n i a ...........
677, 075
N o rth C a r o l i n a . . . . .. 1,0 9 8 ,4 7 6 1 ,1 0 7 ,8 1 1
S o u th C a ro lin a _____
7 5 1,8 4 2
763, 558
1 ,3 0 5 ,0 1 9 1, 3 0 4,102
G e o rg ia ................. .
F l o r i d a . . .................
394,166
358,453

East South Central......

4 ,2 4 5 ,1 6 9
K e n tu c k y __________ 1 ,1 6 1 ,7 0 9
1,1 0 3 ,4 9 1
T en n essee.............. ..
A la b a m a ____________ 1,0 7 4 ,2 0 9
M ississip p i_________
905,760

4 ,16 4 ,7 3 2
1 ,1 2 8 ,1 9 6
1,0 8 1 ,2 9 8
1 ,0 6 3 ,8 8 4
8 9 1,3 5 4

9 7 .8
9 7 .1
9 8 .3
9 8 .5

10 6 .0
10 4 .4
1 0 5 .0
1 0 6 .8
10 7 .3
10 7 .4

8 ,9 3 8 ,7 1 6
2 ,4 6 3 ,3 2 0
1 ,3 6 8 ,6 4 6
2 ,5 5 0 ,5 0 9
1 ,4 7 6 ,4 5 9
10 6 .4 1 ,0 8 9 ,7 8 2

8 ,7 7 6 ,8 6 8
2 ,4 2 9 ,8 7 6
1,3 3 9 ,5 5 8
2 ,6 4 1,8 7 3
1,3 9 8 ,5 3 3
1 ,0 6 7 ,0 2 8

10 1. 4
1 0 1 .4
1 0 0 .3
10 5 .6

10 5 .7
10 5 .4
10 3 ,3
1 0 3 .9

110.8

101.8

102.1

109.9 10 6 .1 5 ,6 14 ,7 2 2 5 ,3 8 8 ,7 0 4 10 3 .3
1 1 4 .6 10 9 .1
9 5 7 ,14 0
925,632 10 3 .4
10 6 .6 10 4 .7 1 ,0 9 1 , 646 1,0 6 6 ,8 8 8 10 2 .3
1 0 5 .1
1,5 2 8 ,2 7 9 1 ,6 1 0 , 739
262, 645
1 2 2 .4
2 4 5 ,806 10 6 ,9
118. 9
280,587
2 5 6 ,16 9 10 9 .5
678,953
5 5 0 ,6 14 10 5 .1
10 7 .9
1 0 5 .7
8 15 ,4 7 2
782,856 10 4 .2

102.6
112.0
112.6

111.2
110.0
101.2 101.2

101.2

101.8
100.6
2

102.8
101.8

100.1
110.0

4 ,5 4 4 ,5 0 5 4 ,2 4 0 ,0 2 9 5,2 6 5 ,8 2 9 4,976* 395
A rk a n s a s ______ _____
8 10 ,0 2 6
764,423
895, 228
856,976
L o u isia n a _____ _____
835,275
8 2 1 ,1 1 3
89 5 ,17 4
903,335
O k la h o m a __________
88 1,5 7 8
775,577 1 ,0 5 8 ,0 4 4
970,239
T e x a s ............................. 2 ,0 17 ,6 2 6 1,8 7 8 ,9 1 6 2 ,4 0 9 ,2 2 2 2 ,2 5 4 ,0 0 6

M o n ta n a ......................
I d a h o .............................
W y o m in g __________
C o lo ra d o .......................
N e w M e x ic o ...............
A r iz o n a . ......................
U ta h ...............................
N e v a d a .........................

8 ,4 5 0 ,3 4 3
3 ,7 4 7 ,4 8 0
1,1 5 8 ,9 8 3
3 ,5 4 9 ,8 8 0

111.6

West South Central_
_

Mountain..................

8 ,272,922
3 ,6 3 8 ,4 3 5
1,1 3 9 ,4 9 1
3 ,4 9 4 ,9 9 6

101.2

101.1

102.1
101.0
101.6

10 7 .2
10 6 .0
1 0 1 .7
1 1 3 .7
10 7 .4

102.2
102.6

10 5 .8 3 ,9 4 3 ,1 0 0 ,3 ,7 1 3 ,2 9 4
649,578
616 ,2 0 4
10 4 .6
530,690
10 0 .9
5 2 1,0 5 0
927,760
853,466
1 0 9 .0
10 6 .9 1,8 3 5 ,0 7 2 1,7 2 2 ,5 7 4

10 6 .2
1 0 5 .4
1 0 1 .9
10 8 .7
10 6 .6

110.1
112.6

1,4 7 8 ,0 18 1,1 5 5 ,4 9 9 1,7 8 9 ,2 9 9 1,5 4 6 ,8 0 2 12 7 .9 1 1 6 ,7 1,4 4 6 ,3 3 6 1,3 1 3 ,3 3 8
226,872
14 9 ,1 8 1
299,941
248,948 1 5 2 .1 12 0 .5
233,363
207,277
185,546
2 3 3,919
19 7,947 13 2 .5 1 1 8 .2
205,259
140,048
1 8 1 ,4 4 6 1 1 3 .1
9 1,6 7 0
54,295
110 ,3 5 9
74,324 1 2 1 .9
90,567
84,043 16 8 .3 1 3 1 .3
430, 697
368,327
492,731
446,898 1 1 6 .9 1 1 0 .3
4 16 ,0 2 6
3 9 1,1 2 3 10 6 .4
175,245
190,456
15 2,056
16 9,894 1 1 5 .3
158*606
14 7 ,0 9 1 10 7 .8
118, 574
8 5,780
183,602
15 0,560 1 3 8 .2 1 2 1 .9
114 ,6 8 8
9 8 ,662 1 1 6 .2
196,863
17 6,488
232,051
2 17,345
196,357
10 6 .8
189,089 .1 0 3 .8
2 9,324
46,240
52,551
3 1,1 6 7 17 9 .2 1 4 8 .4
3 1,6 7 1
24,326 1 2 9 .8

Pacific.................... .

2 ,3 6 5 ,9 0 6 1,8 2 6 ,3 9 8 2,9 6 4 ,6 2 6 2,6 0 2 ,2 4 6
W a s h in g to n ...............
658,663
483,327
734,701
6 2 1,9 2 0
O regon— .....................
384, 265
288,500
4 16 ,3 3 4
367,055
C a lifo rn ia ..................... 1 ,3 2 2 ,9 7 8 1 ,0 5 4 ,5 7 1 1 ,8 1 3 ,5 9 1 1 ,6 1 3 ,2 7 0

 o f the Census, Department of Commerce.
Source: Bureau


112.1

111.6

12 9 .6
13 6 .3
13 3 .2
12 5 .5

1 1 8 .9 2 * 211,707 2 ,10 7 ,9 6 9 1 0 A 9
1 1 8 .1
658,675
6 1 1 ,1 4 7 10 9 .3
1 1 3 .4
344,849
3 2 2 ,14 6 1 0 7 .0
1 1 2 .4 1,3 0 8 ,3 7 3 1,2 7 4 ,6 7 6

102.6

is

POPtTLATION---- SEX DXSTBIBUTION, BY RACE, ETC,
KATlVITY’ AtfD PARENTAGE, BY STATES.

F o reig n -b o rn w h ite ,
1920

N egro, 1920

In d ia n , 1920

C h in ese,
1920

Jap an ese,
1920
S ta te a n d
d iv is io n

M a le s

Fe­
m ales

7,528,328 0 ,18 4 ,4 3 2
945,736
55,807
46,844
23, 711
533; 319
86,164
199,891

M ales
p er
106 fe ­ M a le s
m ales

Fe­
m ales

121; 7 5,209,436 5,253,695

924,918
5 1,5 4 2
44, 389
2 0 ,8 15
544,215
87,335
176,622

10 2 .3
10 8 .3
10 5 .5
113. S
9 8 .0
9 8 .7
1 1 3 .2

4 0 ,15 5
716
333
32C
2 2 ,9 12
5,096
10,778

2 ,6 17 ,5 6 6 2,29 5 ,0 0 9
1,4 4 2 ,5 7 5 1,3 4 3 ,5 3 7
39 1,6 5 5 346,958
783,336 60 4 ,5 14

1 1 4 .1
10 7 .4
1 1 2 .9
12 9 .6

1,8 0 9 ,3 3 4 1,4 1 8 ,9 4 5 128.0
391,344 287,353 13 6 .2
8 8 ,18 0
62,688 14a 7
657,264 649,687 1 1 9 .6
413,806 312,829 132. 3
258,740 201,388 12 8 .5

M ales
per
Fe­
Fe­
F e­
100 fe­ M a le s m a le s M a le s m ales M a le s m ales
m ales
99.2 125,060 11 9 ,3 6 9 63,891 7,748 72,707 38,303
10 3 .2
12 0 .5
1 1 5 .6
127 0
1 0 1 .6
10 3 .2
1 0 5 .0

848
420
13
16
262
59
79

867
419
15
9
293
51
80

3 ,3 0 1
153
93
11
2,307
201
536

301
8
2

3 0 1,14 7
9 5 ,4 18
57,432
148,297

299,036 10 0 .7
103,065 9 2 .6
59,700 9 6 .2
136,271 10 8 .8

3,068
% 816
56
196

2,872
2 ,687
44
141

8 ,067
5 ,240
1 ,1 3 2
1,6 9 5

745
553
58

273,026
10 0,160
4 1 ,8 1 7
93,835
34,249
2,965

241,528
86,027
38,993
88,439
25,833
2,236

1 1 3 .0
11 0 .4
10 7 .2
1 0 6 .1
13 2 .6
13 2 .6

8 ,16 6
94
73
108
2,941
4 ,9 5 0

7,529
57
52
86
2,673
4 ,601

143,762
4 ,8 5 1
1 0 ,1 2 1
90,991
276
475
7,309
29,739

134,759
3,958
8 ,884
87,250
191
357
5,933
2 8 ,186

38,896
594
288
252
22,554
4,940
10,268

63 N. E.
M e.
N. H.
2

284
7
6
4
149
31
87

42
4
15

134

2,647
2 ,19 0
247
210

619
496
78
45

4,623
876
276
% 523
717
231

420
65
7
253
75
20

760
104
66
374
162
44

177 E. S , C .
O hio
26
15
In d .
111.
98
22
M ic h .
W is .
16

10 6 .7 18,926 18,887
1 2 2 .6 4,424 4,337
1 1 3 .9
249
280
84
87
10 4 .3
14 4 .5 3 ,18 3 3 ,0 7 1
1 3 3 .1 8 ,2 9 5 8 ,089
12 3 .2 1,4 5 9 1,4 2 9
10 5 .5 1,1 9 8 1,0 7 8

1,525
448
218
383
119
124
169
64

153
60
17
29i
5
1820
4

946
66
23
115
63
26
611
42

269
19
6
20
9
12
193
10

6,923
2
18
20
423
4
6,972
145
68
271

1,638
41
350
417
254
85
75
76
187
153

186
2
21
44
24
13
13
17
24
28

285
8
22
90
45
9
18
11
9
73

75

14
17
401
3
5*882
159
57
247

83

854
27
33
211
583

769
30
23
194
522

475
56
51
55
313

67
6
6
4
51

27
7
7
13

8
2
1
5

237
24
30

Vt.

779,022
278,588
127,065
103,418
75,386
4 7 ,6 10
84,277
62, 678

592,939
207,576
9 8,582
8 2 ,608
5 6 ,11 7
34 ,7 8 1
6 5 ,375
47,900

1 3 1 .4
13 4 .2
1 2 8 .9
12 5 .2
13 4 .3
1 3 6 .9
1 2 8 .9
13 0 .9

18 5 ,14 3
11 ,3 6 9
54,628
15 ,1 4 2
19 ,0 5 1
4 1 ,9 1 0
4 ,3 4 1
4 ,095
10,004
24,603

130,777
8 ,4 4 1
4 7,549
13 ,406
11 ,7 3 4
19 ,996
2 ,7 5 8
2 ,306
6 ,1 8 2
18 ,4 0 5

1 4 1 .6 2 ,13 3 ,3 7 7 2 ,19 1 , 743
13 4 .7
15,655
14, 680
1 1 4 .9 123,453 12 1,0 2 6
1 1 2 .9
50,855
59, 111
16 2 .4 342,536 347,481
2 0 9 .0
4 7 ,12 9
39, 216
1 5 7 .4 373,965 389, 442
17 7 .6 422,185 442, 534
1 0 1 .8 590,443 615 ,9 2 2
13 3 .7 16 7 ,15 6 162,331

42,003
17 ,4 7 9
9 ,0 2 1
10 ,6 2 5
4,968

29,846
13 ,3 0 1
0 ,4 5 7
7,037
3 ,051

260,777
8 ,591
26,808
24,931
200,447

198,556
5,384
18,063
15 ,0 3 7
160,072

13 1 .3 1,0 2 9 ,4 5 7 1,0 3 4 ,12 2 9 9 .5 80,542 30,076
45
159. 6 236,895 235,325 10 0 .7
61
14 8 .4 344,794 355,463 9 7 .0
550
516
16 5 .8
76,294
,m
7 3 ,11 4 10 4 .3 2 8,760
12 5 .2 371,474 370,220 10 0 .3 1 ,1 8 1
928

1,402
97
346
243
716

132
10
41
18
57

405
3
48
54
300

178
2
9
13
149

271,373
58,229
24,877
16,934
6 8 ,219
16,845
44,657
30,875
10, 737

181,852
3 5 ,391
14 ,0 8 6
8 ,3 2 1
48,735
U 232
33,442
25,580
4,065

149.2
16 4 .5
17 6 .6
2 0 3.5
14 0 .0
13 7 .7
133. 5
12 0 .7
2 6 4 .1

18,726
962
585
863
5,834
4 ,593
5 ,859
834
196

11,0 7 5
696
335
512
5,484
1,1 4 0
2 ,14 6
612
150

17 8 .1 39,803 37,096
13 8 .2 5,679 5,277
17 4 .6 1 ,5 7 7 1,5 2 1
628
1 6 8 .6
715
649
734
10 6 .4
402. 9 10 ,1 4 9 9,363
2 7 3 .0 17 ,0 2 8 15 ,9 6 1
13 6 .3 1,4 4 2 1,2 6 9
13 0 .7 % 479 % 428

3 ,9 13
805
542
246
252
161
963
314
630

426 7 ,826
67
842
43 1,058*
952
6
39 1,6 0 1
10
200
174
383
28 2 ,17 4
59 * 615

2,967
232
511
242
863
51
167
762
139

817, 278
1 5 3 ,1 18
6 2 ,3 10
4 01,850

416, 590
96,937
39,841
2 7 9,812

14 8 .2
1 5 8 .0
1 5 6 .4
14 3 .6

24,991
3, 957
1 ,1 9 7
19,837

22,799
2,926
947
18,926

10 9 .6 15,938 15,078 28,947 5 ,8 18 59,638 33,952
275 11 ,3 2 2 6,065
13 5 .2 4 ,5 5 2 4 ,509 2 ,0 8 8
12 6 .4 2 ,3 0 1 % 289 2 , 629 1 461 2 ,8 0 2 1,3 4 9
10 4 .8 9 ,085 8 ,2 7 5 24,230 4,582 45, 414 26,538

9 7 .3
10 6 .6
10 2 .0
8 6 .0
9 8 .0
12 0 .2
9 6 .0
9 5 .4
9 5 .9
103. Q

1 4 1 .0 1,2 4 3 ,7 9 5 1,2 7 9 ,7 3 7 97 2
1 3 1 .4 118, 548 117 ,3 9 0 1 0 1 ,0
13 9 .7 222; 639 2 2 9 ,11 9 9 7 .2
1 5 1 .0 439, 779 460,873 9 5 .4
16 2 .8 462,829 472,355 98. 0

6 ,750

2
8




U .S .

7
13
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1
6
4

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N .J .
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n

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M in n .
Io w a
M o.
N .D a k .
S .D a k .
N eb r.
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D . C.
V a.
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M iss.

w. s.

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M
t.
M o rit.

Idaho

W yo.
C olo.
N .M e x .
Am .
U ta h
N ev.

Pac.
W ash .

Oreg.
C alif.

16

POPULATION 21 YEAB8 OP AGE ANB OVEB
No. 1 6 — PERSONS 2 1 YEABSGF AGE AND OVER, BY GLASSES^
P ersons 21 y e a rs o f age a n d o v e r
A ll classes

N a tiv e w h ite

S ta te a n d d ivisio n
N a tiv e p aren tag e

T o ta l
T o ta l

M a le s

Females
M a le s

Continental United
States.

60,8 8 6 ,5 2 0 3 1,4 0 3 ,3 7 0

29, £ 160
83*

F em ales

21* 513,948 2 1,1 0 0 ,7 9 3

M a le s

F em ales

15*805*063

15,202,194

8 4 1,9 5 7
15 6 .5 8 0
7 3 ,1 1 3
6 8 ,2 5 1
360,244
4 9 ,5 5 9
13 4 .2 10

373*707
15 3 ,0 4 1
73,232
66*884
38 9 ,5 17
62,202
138*831

New England........................

2*269,655
241, 778
1 4 1 ,2 0 4
1 1 0 ,3 7 8
1 ,1 7 2 ,3 5 9
17 9,720
4 2 4 ,2 16

2*321*829
233,413
139*822
106*664
1,2 3 9 ,1 4 8
188*917
4 13,858

1*373,641
19 1 ,5 4 0
98*448
89,697
663*262
97*955
2 3 1,7 3 9

1,4 5 8 ,6 9 6
187*816
100,033
8 8,745
7 2 6 ,17 9
10 6 .9 6 1
246.962

Middle Atlantic._________

6* 802* 663
3*265,503
960,837
2,586*323

6,648*993
3 ,2 5 9 ,1 7 8
937,047
2 ,4 5 2 ,7 6 8

4,173* 521
1,8 5 8 ,5 2 3
6 6 1,0 5 5
1*763*943

4 ,3 7 6 ,4 4 5
1 ,9 7 4 ,3 2 9
584*451
1* 817,665

13,0 2 5 ,5 9 5
3*558* 481
1,7 7 9 ,8 2 0
3,944* 197
2 ,2 1 5 ,4 3 6
1,5 2 7 ,6 6 1

6 ,7 7 7 ,7 9 0
1 ,8 4 7 ,3 1 9
909,203
2,028*852
1 , 192,1 5 8
800,258

6*247,805
1 ,7 1 1 ,1 6 2
87 0 ,6 17
1 ,0 1 5 ,3 4 5
1,0 2 3 ,2 7 8
727,403

4* 881* 986

7,278* 643
1,3 8 0 ,8 3 4
1,428* 682
2,038*814
32 2 ,9 18
344* 846
73 8 ,3 10
1 ,0 2 4 ,1 4 4

3* 806,137
738*332
737, 829
1,0 3 8 ,4 7 2
1 7 8 ,1 4 8
188,882
390,287
5 3 4,187

3 ,4 7 2 ,4 1 1
642.502
690,853
1,0 0 0 ,3 4 2
144,770
155,964
348,023
489,957

2,9 5 5 ,9 3 3
465,001
609,085
877*138
1 0 6 ,1 2 4
13 8 ,7 6 6
303,680
456*139

2 ,8 3 1,9 4 2
4 4 1,8 0 9
5 9 1,9 9 5
8 6 6 ,17 5
9 2 ,2 2 1
11 8 .8 2 9
282,073
4 28,840

1,9 8 5 ,5 6 3 1*823,521
174*581
15 7 ,6 17
3 9 7 .2 10
3 81,037
677,197
699,238
4 2 ,0 1 1
35*090
72* 230
59,982
19 1,2 0 6
174*983
359,087
3 3 7 ,6 15

South Atlantic..................

7 ,2 12 ,5 2 3
136* 521
D e la w a re ______ ________
862, 391
M a r y la n d ..........................
305,255
D is tr ic t o f C o lu m b ia ...
V ir g i n ia .......................... 1 ,2 0 7 ,0 7 4
752,344
W e s t V ir g in ia .................
N o rth C a r o lin a - ............ 1,2 1 0 , 727
779, 991
S o u th C a ro lin a .................
G eo rg ia ............... ............... 1 ,4 2 1 ,6 0 6
536, 614
F lo rid a ................... ...........

3 ,6 4 6 ,7 0 4
7 0,580
433,857
13 9 ,8 0 0
613,653
403,572
603,683
3 8 9 ,19 9
711, 760
280,600

3, 565, 819
65,941
428,534
165,455
593,421
348,772
607,044
390,792
709,846
256*014

3 ,4 3 0 ,3 5 1
5 0 ,2 6 1
3KVO40
9 1,3 5 9
419*652
335* 192
429* 840
201*683
419,4 4 0
16 2 ,8 7 5

2,385, 209
49, 863
316*339
113* 445
407, 620
3 10 ,4 4 9
420* 727
195* 172
4 11,7 3 3
15 3 ,8 7 1

2 ,2 6 9 ,6 4 7 2*226*893
42,726
4 1,7 4 2
2 5 1,1 9 7
252*535
7 3 ,13 4
90^647
394,296
404*290
292,693
3 1 7 ,1 1 8
4 2 3,513
426*660
197*542
19 1,2 7 9
4 0 9 ,7 11
402,543
147,269
137,645

East South Central............

2,2 8 2 ,6 5 3
657,883
609,547
573,892
4 4 1,3 3 1

2 ,2 4 1 ,2 9 1
631, 613
605,400
569.503
434*775

1,606*459
567*894
4 8tl 087
348*003
21(14 7 0

1,564*958
548*143
4 7 5 ,038
3 3 7 ,9 18
203*859

1 ,5 8 6 ,6 4 0 1,4 8 8 ,14 2
526, 442
5 0 0 .9 10
467* 349
4 6 1,749
338* 268
3 2 7 ,8 15
197*668
204.581

West South Central.............

2 ,7 5 6 ,4 3 0
4 5 2 ,17 7
469,669
5 5 0 ,17 2
1 ,2 8 4 ,4 1 2

2,48 7 ,3 4 9
415* 115
4 5 4,515
471*416
1,1 4 6 ,3 0 3

1*894,472
3 19 ,9 4 9
266*526
474*735
934*262

1*602*551
291*788
257,263
410*010
843,290

1*802,048 1*621*833
280,307
30 6 ,17 4
233,307
2 2 0 ,0 12
380,973
44Q,096
822,471
74 0 ,5 4 1

1 ,8 8 8 ,9 2 1
320,562
234,076
115, 739
564,529
185* 186
187, 929
228,682
5 2 ,2 18

1,0 5 7 ,3 6 8
184,699
132* 959
69,857
303*782
102*522
10 9 ,3 6 1
120, 875
33*313

831*553
135*863
1 0 1 ,1 1 7
45,882
260,747
8 2 ,6 6 4
78*568
107,807
18*905

770,069
125,276
106,890
61, 871
235,639
8 0 ,082
6 1,3 2 7
8 8 ,596
20,388

8*670,077
W a s h in g to n ......................
8 5 7 ,079
4 94,968
O regon.................................
C a lifo rn ia ............. ............. 2*318*030

2*003*970
4 8 2 ,13 7
270,953
1*250,880

1,666*107
374*942
224*015
1 ,0 6 7 ,1 5 0

1,3 3 5 ,5 1 6
322,456
205,722
807,338

4 ,5 9 1 ,4 7 7
4 7 5 ,19 1
M a i n e . , ............................
2 8 1,0 2 6
N e w H a m p sh ire _______
217, 042
V e rm o n t............................
M a s sa c h u s e tts......... ....... 2 ,4 1 1 , 507
368,637
R h o d e I s l a n d . . . .............
838,074
C o n n e c tic u t.....................

13 ,4 5 1 ,8 5 8
N e w Y o r k ........... *______ 6 ,5 14 ,6 8 1
N e w J e r s e y ____________ 1 ,8 9 7 ,8 8 4
P e n n s y lv a n ia ................... 5 ,0 3 9 ,0 9 1

East North Central-..........
O h io ......................... ...........
I n d ia n a ................. .............
Illin o is....................... .........
M ic h ig a n ............................
W isco n sin ...........................

West North Central..........
M in n e s o ta .........................
I o w a ................... ..................
M is s o u ri........................... ..
N o rth D a k o ta ______ . . .
S o u th D a k o ta ..................
N e b ra s k a ......................... ..
K a n s a s ................................

4,523, 944
K e n tu c k y ........................ .. 1,2 8 9 ,4 9 6
T ennessee........................... 1, 2 14,947
A la b a m a .............. ............. 1,1 4 3 , 395
M i s s i s s i p p i . ...................
876*106

5 ,2 4 3 ,7 7 9
A rk a n s a s ............................
867,292
L o u is ia n a _ __________
_
92 4 ,18 4
O k la h o m a ..... .................... 1,0 2 1, 588
T e x a s................................... 2,430, 715

Mountain...............................
M o n ta n a _______________
I d a h o ...................................
W y o m in g ...........................
C o lo ra d o ............................
N e w M e x ic o .....................
A riz o n a ...............................
U ta h .....................................
N e v a d a ................... ............

Pacific_________ __________


Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce


2 ,7 0 1 ,3 9 7 8*771,684
1,0 5 5 ,1 3 8 1 ,0 8 6 ,6 0 8 ’
3 4 4 ,606
350,444
1,301*664 1,334*582

4* 791,930 3 ,2 4 7 ,2 3 1 3 ,10 9 ,3 0 8
1 * 4 1 1,9 2 0 ] 1,3 9 5 ,9 5 4 1 .0 6 8 ,9 4 3 1,031*366
797*256
66 1,3 6 8
787,820
674,007
8 2 2 ,10 2
797,375
t , 344* 3 19 1,3 5 0 ,3 5 8
78 1,9 3 7
722,970
4 6 7 ,19 2
416 ,4 9 3
534.828 j
549,554
214*387
202,706

6 5 1,7 9 0
10 1,0 7 9
86,928
37,754
2 13 ,1 4 2 i
6 9 ,14 2
47,329
82,779
13 ,637
l, 249,472
2 7 9 ,63]2
185, 001
784,839

553,726
79,834
76*381
38,944
180,292
7 2 ,2 6 0
47*402
4 5,436
13 ,1 7 7

456,346
6 1,5 9 5
61*768
27,399
158,047
62,363
35,439
4 1 ,3 9 7
8 ,3 3 8

816 ,8 5 4
220,779
153,332
542,743

8 3 0.910
185*765
13 5 ,12 3
5 10,022

17

POPULATION 21 YEABS OF A»E AND OVEB
44.YEARS OP AGE, BY SVAtPPaitffea I B ,

AND

Persons 21 years of age and over—Continued
Native white—Con.

Foreign^bom white

Negro

Foreign or mixed
parentage
Males
Males
5,708,885

females

Males

^Allojther

State
and
division

22,401,211

H.S.

Females' M<dee ** F6- ;
males

Females
5,888,599 6,828,452 5,570,268 2,792,006 2,730,469
839,249
44,974
39,617
17,770
497,806
78,748
160,334

27,128
492
229
198
15,550
3,396
7,263

26,187
384
159
144
14,862
3,158
6,480

1,472,124
803,385
216,450
452,289

1,604,911 2,408,975 8,070,777
887,821 1,318,888 1,209,614
234,007 .360,902 314,320
483,083
727,190 546,843

209,907
69,259
37,511
103,137

1,637,755
342,977
122,649
522, 217
314,745
335,167

1,682,622 1,687,728 1,290,847
364,588 363,504
259,019
57,465
82,908
126,452
652,983 613,797 504,131
306,477 381,808 281,352
332,122 245,711
188,880

630,684
34,960
25,335
21,446
303,013
48,396
97,529

Males
18 to 44
years of
age

582,989
34,775
26,801
21,861
336,662
54,759
.108,131

866,042
49,355
42,432,
20,462
491,107
78,118
184,568

168,964
3,844
* 391,
96

81,620

2,440
251
648

21

690
239
13
r 5
301
60
82

l, 536,294 12, E.
148,430 Me.
N. H.
86,923
66,736 Vt.
807,838 Mass.
126,465
R .I.
Conn.
299,002

198,634
73,285
38,160
88,089

12,260
8,838
1,369
2,063

2,237
1,950
lie
171

4;883,930 M. A.
2,313,807 N .Y .
697,019 N .J .
Pa.
1,853,104

195,381
70,853
28,651
67,846
25,887
2,144

160,860
56,087
25,284
60,604
17,520
1,465

9,695
1,042
388
2,890
2,526
2,849

4,068

48
252
1,436
2,230

4,780,165 E .N .C .
1,296,399
Ohio
602,798 Ind.
1,449,872 111.
Mich.
854,578
556,518 Wis.

99,691
3,838
6,939
63,452
207
315
6,378
19,562

102

1,020,870
290,420
311,875
177,900
64,113
66,536
112,474
97,052

998,421
284,102
210,958
188,978
57,131
68,847
107,090
91,225

738,673
266,856
121,392
97,345
70,043
45,340
79,821
57,870

553,121
195,726
93,087
76,206
51,004
32, 687
61,078
43,333

88,174
2,828
5,629
57,876
129
205
4,059
17,448

11,840
2,637
413
637
1,774
4,461
1,408
610

9,174
2,139
142
.85
1,416
4,243
813
336

2,651,768 W, N. C.
Minn.
626,532
601,040 Iowa,
706,038 Mo.
133, 575 N .Dak.
140,030 S. Dak.
279,150 Nebr.
Kans.
365,403

150,704
7,535
68,852
18,225
15,362
18,074
3,180
4,141
9,729
15,606

158,316
8, 111
63,804
22,798
13,324
17,756/
3,214
3,893
9,190
16,226

170,407
10^014
50,363
14,042
17,431
38,471 ;
4,035
3,850
9,319
22,282

116,808 1,051,012 1,060,940
7,631
9,657
8,456
43,261
73,086
68,905
12,334
33,822
39,626
10,420 176,036
175,195
16,994
29,826
21,319
167,240 175,516
2,453
2,091
183,474 193,456
5,536 282,779 292,561
95,092
86,916
16,088

4,934
48
369
577
634
83
2,568
192

2,862

222

2,348
73
26
139

2,724,149 S. A.
Del.
48,236
309, 676 Md.
102, 670 D. C.
Va.
454,990
305, 695 W .V a.
n. a
456,568
s. c .
306,292
Ga.
542,136
Fla.
197,886

69,819
41,462
12,738
9,740
5,889

76,816
47,233
13,289
10,103
6,191

39,697
16,827
8,428
9,814
4,628

27,545
12,661
5,891
6,291
2,702

835,653
73,091
120,947
215,915
225,700

648,416
70,790
124,448
226,216
227,963

844
71

372

192,424
13, 775
32,219
34,639
111, 791

180, 518
11,481
37,251
29,037
102,749

208,431
8,166
24,848
22,817
152,600

148,789
5,000
16,380
13,291
114,118

538,727
123,939
178,623
40,110
196,055

216,343
45,442
30,509
12,927
55,347
7,822
13,925
43,160
7,211

195,444
39,484
25,160
10,355
55,095
6,779
11,890
41,382
5,299

241,321
54,250
23,366
15,796
62,089
13,244
33,582
28,791
10,263

162,887
31,459
12,804
7,261
42,928
8,689
22,391
23,463
3,692

418, 662
101, 677
62,390
264,595

418,562
93,867
49,878
274,817

569,178
143, 258
58, 580
367, 340

370,445
87,177
36,227
247,041




351

1

29
60
186

10

86

23
79

261

1,667,670 E. S. C.
469, U9
Ky.
438,225
Tenn.
Ala.
423,075
327,251
Miss.

523, 517
118,295
180,628
36,221
188,373

14,800
123
672

1$,692
32
244
11,894
522

8,108,408 w . s. c.
330,492 Ark.
302,226
La.
414,772
Okla.
Tex,
995,938

16,072
754
463
678
4,237
4,046
5,075
652
167

7,809
508
236
387
3,869
763
1,484
452

29,906
4,419
2,240
1,612

18,435
3,105
937
14,393

15,932
2,103
683
13,146

110

166
633

M 95

1,817

6,160
.9,377
2,836
2,565

10

19^287
2,817
1,149
480
808
4,070
7,364
1,113
1,466

80,841 30,258
13,318 6,030
5,714 2,104
61,809 22,124

766,704 Hi.
132,669
Mont.
95,705
Idaho.
64,037
W yo.
206,979
Colo.
76,548
N.Mex.
84,966
Aris.
92,646 Utah.
22,256 Nev.
1,338,103 Pac.
329,067
Wash.
179,038
Oreg.
829,998
Cafif.

18

POPULATION---- AGE DISTRIBUTION
No. 17. — AGE DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION, BY STATES, 1920

S ta te a n d d iv isio n
U n d er 6
y e a rs

6 toO
y e a rs

10 to 14
y e ars

1 5 16 19
y e a rs

20 to 44
years

46 y e a rs A g e u n ­
a n d over k n o w n

C ontinental U n ited S ta tes. 11,673,230 11,398,076 10,641,137 9,430,556 40,555,543 21,963,380
N ew E n glan d ..................................
M a in e _________________
N ew H a m p sh ire ________
V erm o n t__________ ____
M a s s a c h u s e tts ™ .___ . . .
R h o d e Is la n d ___________
C o n n e c tic u t............ - ............

763,030
76,140
41,391
34,644
385,761
62* 356
163,838

701,890
71,641
39,762
33,412
359,826
58,253
138,996

M id d le A t la n t ic ...._________ 2,364,461
N ew Y o rk _____________ 1,010,290
338,696
N ew J e r s e y ...- __________
P e n n s y lv a n ia ......................... 1,005,465

148,699

589,138
63,860
35,152
29,508
302,131
51,655
106,832

2,879,855
270,873
160.601
121,389
1,538,716
237,065
551,211

1,819,363
215,614
126,594
100,614
929,252
140,939
306,350

6,901
895
792
376
3,132
293
1,413

2,240,339
972,151
322,958
945,230

2,045,395 1,815,597
817,699
902,418
291,236
255,161
851,741
742,737

8,949,275
4,327,292
1,279,766
3,342,217

4,833,938
2,343,412
665,522
1,825,004

22,149
11,965
2,561
7,623

E ast North C e n tra l....................... 2,220,032
686,136
O h io .........................................
289,195
I n d ia n a ________________
665,073
Illin o is........................................
404,686
M ic h ig a n ______________
285,042
W isco n sin ................................

2,124,725
648,802
284,981
646,264
368,220
277,458

1,964,219 1,793,056
508,329
464,654
274,400
254,204
540,552
595,330
295,514
326,453
238,132
259,707

8, 508,125
2,309,863
1,096,824
2,639,468
1,474,769
987,201

4,842,133
1,337,698
726,956
1,400,669
795,138
581,672

23,253
3,912
3,830
8,924
3,732
2,855

W est North C e n tra l...... ............... 1,341,412
261,394
M in n e s o t a ...___________
260,887
I o w a ................. ........................
M is s o u ri_ ____________
_
327,909
90,889
N o rth D a k o ta .....................
79,831
S o u th D a k o ta .......................
143,240
N eb ra sk a ______________
187,262
K a n sa s________________

1,313,097
248,599
239,979
338,375
85,773
74,521
140,580
185,270

1,249,571 1,144,426
219,609
233,961
327,801
214,981
335,121
307,163
74,769
61,454
66,510
59,476
119,052
132,108
162,691
179,311

4,752,200
925,236
904,494
1,302,890
230,121
239, 979
494,159
655,321

2,725,220
495,673
562,442
788,386
102,584
114,783
264,687
396,665

18,323
2,653
3,437
4,211
1,292
1,447
2,546

South A tlan tic......... ........................ 1,729,369
22,929
D ela w a re______________
M a r y la n d ______________
147,005
30,436
D istric t of C o lu m b ia .__*
277,184
V ir g in ia . _..............................
195,934
W est V irg in ia ........................
358,808
N orth C a ro lin a _________
228,681
So u th C a ro lin a .....................
363, 229
G eo rg ia.—................................
105,263
F lo rid a .......................................

1,747,466
21,144
143,703
29,840
283,135
184,372
355,642
235,827
382,373
111,420

1,633,561 1,409,111 4,993,887
20,214
18,57286,650
130,997
563,715
139,871
29,816
33, 526
212; 140
265,993
234,360
818,503
164,147
141,311
525,499
318,857
268,198
844,553
223, 040
182, 761
569,417
365,312
307,549 1,009,913
106,311
91,837
363,477

2,456,784
62, 772
322,879
99,924
426,974
249,652
409,856
242,762
464,516
187,449

20,124
722
1,491
1,889
3,038
2, 786
3,209
1,336
2,940
2,713

1,088,134
E ast South C e n tral.............
291, 625
K e n tu c k y ______________
T en nessee _
280,739
299,522
A la b a m a ____ __________
216,248
M is s is s ip p i.............................

1,127,944
287,571
286,384
318,231
235,768

1,083,052
271,237
276,437
299,412
235,966

911,387
235,824
238,371
244,993
192,199

3,078,204
846,010
818, 265
798,254
614,775

1,594,588
481,545
435,535
385,055
292,403

10,048
1,918
2,154
2,707
3,269

W est South C e n tra l...................... 1,216,509
220,811
A rk a n s a s .............. ...................
209,213
L o u isia n a .................................
262,678
O k lah o m a................................
633,907
T ex as................................. ..

1,286,179
228,488
223,230
261,754
572, 707

1,233,234 1,070,051
221,471
183,852
219,227
188,305
209,335
247,437
545,099
488,559

3, 749,358
602,363
664,714
726, 212
1,756,069

1,667,113
293,535
289,495
327,686
756,397

19,780
1,684
4,325
3,281
10,490

650,732
69,991
38,791
32,585
333,538
53,836
121,991

2,737

M ou ntain____________. . . ___
M o n ta n a _______ . . . . ___
Id ah o ________ _________
Wyoming _
. .
C o lo rad o _____ _________
N ew M exico
_
_
A rizo n a. ............. ______
U ta h ...........................................
N evada

396,814
67,372
54,536
22,524
97,058
46,399
40,807
61,375
6,743

374,824
60,074
51,279
20,885
95,086
46, 356
37,894
56,491
6,759

285,204
335,530
42,028
51,327
88,319
46,597
14,780
17,458
89,214 ’ 78,632
40,925
34,660
32,673
28,435
43,373
51,626
5 , 710
4,977

1,304,365
225* 192
161,681
86,411
366,496
129,822
139,144
161,093
34,526

626,303
100,969
79,115
31,469
205,489
61,733
54,184
74,977
18,377

13,061
1,937
339
875
7,654
455
1,025
461
315

P acific . . ..........................................
W a sh in g to n ___ ________
O regon................................
C a lifo rn ia ........................ ........

473,479
126,434
71,318
275,727

481,621
128,258
73,084
280,279

445,843
117,553
69,014
259,276

412,586
106,485
62,775
243,326

2,340,294
564,273
314,820
1,461,201

1,307,988
308,831
191, 524
897,633

15,060
4*787
854
9,419

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.




POPULATION---- AGE DISTRIBUTION
Ho.' 18.— ABE BISTEIBUTION: P e bc e n t a g b s ,

by

19

StI te^ I ^ O

and

1920

{N ote.—Per cent which persons of each age group form of total. Per cents based on total, including persons
of unknown age, for whom percentages are not shown]
P e r cen t in a g e group—

S ta te a n d d iv isio n

U n d er 5
y e a rs
1810

S to Q y e a rs

1920

1910

1920

C on tinen tal U n ited
S ta te s .............................. 1 L 6

10.9

m e

N ew E n g la n d ............................. 9 .8
M a in e ..................................... 9 .7
N ew H a m p s h ire ______ 9 .2
V erm o n t................................ 9 .6
M a s s a c h u s e tts ________ 9 .8
R h o d e I s la n d ..................... i a o
C o n n e cticu t.................... .. 10.1

10.2
9 .8
9 .3
9 .8
m o
10.3
11.1

8 .9
9 .0
8 .6
9 .2
8 .8
8 .9
9 .1

K id d le A tla n tic ......................._ 10.6
N ew Y o r k ................ ........... 9 .9
N ew J e r s e y ....................... 10.5
P e n n s y lv a n ia ................ .. 11.5

10.6
9 .7
10.7
11.5

E ast North C e n t r a l,,.............
O h io ........... .............................
I n d ia n a ______________
I llin o is __________ ____
M ic h ig a n ..............................
W isco n sin .............................

10.5
10.1
1 0.2
1 0 .6
m e
11.0

W est North C e n tra l............ ..
M in n e s o ta ............................
I o w a .........................................
M is s o u r i_____________
N o rth D a k o ta ....................
S o u th D a k o ta _________
N e b ra s k a _____ _______
K a n sa s....................................

10 to 14
ye a rs

15 to 19
y e a rs

45 ye a rs
A nd o ver

1910

1920

UL8

9 .9

m i

9 .9

8 .9

39.0

3 8.4

18.9

20.8

9 .5
9 .3
9 .0
9 .5
9 .3
9 .6
10.1

8 .5
8 .7
8 .4
8 .8
8 .5
17
16

8 .8
9 .1
8 .8
9 .2
8 .7
8 .9
8 .8

8 .9
8 .8
8 .8
8 .8
8 .8
9 .6
9 .1

8 .0
8 .3
7 .9
8 .4
7 .8
8 .5
7 .7

40.8
3 6.5
3 7,7
3 6.5
4 2.2
4 1.9
41.4

88.9
3 5.3
3 6 .2
3 4.4
3 9.9
3 9 .2
3 9.9

2 3.0
2 7.2
27.1
2 7.0
2 1.9
2 0.8
21.7

24 6
28.1
28.6
28.5
241
23.3
22.2

9 .4
8 .8
9 .5
10.1

10.1
9 ,4
10.2
m 8

8 .9
8 .6
9 .0
9 .3

9 .2
8 .7
9 .2
9 .8

9 .3
9 .2
9 .3
9 .4

8 .2
7 .9
8 .1
8 ,6

4 1.8
4 2.8
4 2.0
40.5

40.2
41.7
4 0 ,6
38.3

19.8
20.5
19.5
19.1

21.7
22.6
21.1
20.9

m s
1 0.2
9 .9
10.1
11.0
10.8

9 .7
9 .2
9 .8
9 .7
9 .8
10.6

9 .9
9.59 .7
9 .9
1 0.0
10.6

9 .4
8 .9
9 .6
9 .2
9 .2
m s

9 .1
8 .8
9 .4
9 .2
8 .9
9 .9

9 .6
9 .4
9 .6
9 .7
9 .5
10.4

8.3
8 .1
17
8 .3
8 .1
9 .0

39.5
4 0.0
3 8.3
41.3
3 8 .3
36.8

39.6
40.1
37.4
4 0.7
4 0.2
3 7.5

21.2
22.3
22.5
1 9.3
2 2.4
20.6

32.5
23.2
24.8
21.6
21.7
22.1

its
1 0.9
m e
m s
1 4.3
1 2.6
11. 8
11.3

10.7
11.0
10.4
9 .6
14,1
12.6
1 1 .0
10.6

10.6
1 0.6
10.3
10.3
12.1
1 1.5
10.7
10.5

10.6
10.4
m o
9 .9
13.3
11 7
10.8
10.5

10.1
10.3
1 0.0
9 .8
10.3
10.3
1 0 .2
mo

10.0
9 .8
9 .5
9 .8
1 1 .6
10.4
1 0.2
10.1

10.2
10.4
10.1
10.1
9 .8
m o
10.4
m i

9 .1
9 .2
8 .9
9 ,0
9 .5
9 .3
9 .2
9 .2

38.4
3 9.0
3 7.4
38. 9
39. 6
3 8.9
3 8.0
37.6

37.9
3 8 .8
3 7 .6
3a 3
3 5 .6
3 7 .7
38.1
3 7 .0

19.3
18.5
2 1.6
19.7
13.6
1 6.5
ia 7
20.3

21.7
20.8
214
23.2
15,9
18.0
20.4
22.4

South A tlan tic......... .................
D e la w a r e ______ ______
M a r y la n d ..............................
D is tr ic t o f C o lu m b ia , __
V irg in ia —..............................
W est V irg in ia .................. _
N o rth C a r o lin a .................
S o u th C a ro lin a —..............
G eo rg ia.................................
F lo rid a ........... ........................

13.6
9 .9
10.6
8 .1
1 3 .0
1 3.8
15.1
15. 3
1 4.4
12.9

12.4
10.3
10.1
7. 0
1 2 .0
13.4
1 4.0
13. 6
1 2.5
1 0.9

12.5
9 .5
10.3
7 .6
12.4
12.1
1 3.4
1 3 .8
13.3
12.1

12.5
9 .6
9 .9
6 .8
12.3
12. 6
1 3.9
1 4.0
1 3 .2
1 1.5

11.4
9 .5
1 0.0
7 .4
1 1 .5
10.7
12.1
12.7
12.1
10.7

11.7
9 .1
9 .6
6 .8
11.5
1 1 .2
1 2 .5
1 3 .2
1 2.6
1 1 .0

10.6
9 .6
9 .9
8 .5
10.5
1 0 .2
1 1 .0
11.4
1 0 .7
10.1

10.1
8 .3
9 .0
7 .7
10.1
9 .7
m s
1 0.9
m e
9 .5

3 5.6
38.9
38. 6
46. 6
3 5 .0
3 7 .4
3 2 .6
3 3 .4
3 4 .7
39.0

36.7
3 8.9
3 8 .9
4 8.5
35; 4
3 5 .9
3 3 .0
33. 8
3 4 .9
3 7,6

16.2
2 2.4
20. 5
2 1.5
17.3
15.5
15.7
1 3.5
14 6
14 8

17.6
23.7
22.3
22.8
116
1 ?1
mo
14 4
mo
19.4

East South C en tral ..................
K e n tu c k y ____________
T en n essee......... .................
A la b a m a ......................... ....
M ississip p i...........................

13.8
1 2.9
1 3.5
14. 6
14.4

12.2
12.1
1 2 .0
12.8
12.1

12.7
1 1 .9
12.3
13.3
13.6

12.7
119
1 2 .2
1 3 .6
1 3.2

11.6
1 1 .0
11.1
11.8
1 2.2

12.2
1 1 .2
1 1 .8
1 2.8
13.2

10.8
10.6
m o
10.7
m o

10.2
9 .8
m 2
1 0.4
10.7

35.1
3 5 .7
3 5 .2
3 4.4
3 4.8

34 6
3 5 .0
3 5 ,0
34 0
343;

17.9
15.9
1 7.8
19.9
16.8 u a e
149
16.4
m a
13.7

W est South C en tral..................
A rk a n s a s........... ............... ..
L o u is ia n a ............... .............
O klah o m a.............................
T e x a s___ _____________

14.1
14.7
13. 5
1 4 .6
13,8

11.9
12.6
1 1 .6
12.5
11.4

13.1
13.3
1 3 .2
13.1
13.1

12.6
1 3 .0
1 2 .4
12.9
12.3

11.6
11.4
1 1.7
1 1.2
11.7

12.0
1 2.6
1 2.2
1 2 .2
11.7

10.6
1 1 .0
m e
m s
m o

10.4
m e
m s
m 3
1G.5

3 5.8
3 4.7
3 6.5
3 6.2
35.9

S ltf
34 4
3 7.0
3 5 .8
37.7

144
14 7
14 2
141
145

16.3
16.8
m i
16.2
16 2

M ountain......................................
M o n ta n a ......... ......................
I d a h o ......................................
W y o m in g .............................
C o lo r a d o - ...........................
N ew M e x ic o .......................
A riz o n a ........................... ..
U ta h .............. ..........................
N e v a d a ..................................

11.6
m 2
1 2 .4
1 0 .5
1 0,3
1 3 .8
12.1
14.1
7 .8

11.9
12.3
1 2 .6
1 1.6
10.3
1 2 .9
12. 2
1 3.7
8 .7

10.4
9 .1
11.1
8 .9
9 .5
12.5
1 0.7
12.3
6 .9

112
10.9
1 1.9
1017
HU
1 2.9
1 1.3
12. 6
8 .7

9 .1
7 .9
9 .8
7 .4
8 .7
m s
8 .9 ]
m 7
6 .0

10.1
8 .9
9 .4
7 .9
1G.8
9 .3
7 .9
9 .0
9 .5
19
11.4
9 .9
9 .8 : 8 .6
1 1.5 m o
6 .4
7 .4

3 .6
7 .7
8 .9
7 .6
8 .4
9 .6
8 .5
9 .7
6 .4

42.7
47.9
4 0.8
51.1
4 3.0
3 7 .0
4 3.8
3 7.4
51.0

39.1
4 1.0
3 7.4
44 4
3 9 .0
3 6.0
4 1.6
35.8
44 6

17.0
16.2
10 2
14 0
19.3
10.1
15.7
15.1
2 1.2

118
114
113
16.2
249
17.1
16 2
16.7
23.7

P a c if ic .............................................
W a sh in g to n ,.......................
Oregon....................................
C a lifo rn ia .. .........................

8 .6
9 .5
8 ,9
8 .1

8 .5
9 .3
9 .1
8 .0

7 .9
8 .7
8 .5
7 .4

8 .7
9 .5
9 .3
8 .2

7 .7
8 .1
8 .3
7 .3

7 .4
7 .8
8 .0
7 .1

45.3
4 5 .8
44.1
45.5

42.0
4 1.6
4 0.2
4 2 .6

2 1.5
1& 5
2 0.9
23.1

2M
2 2.8
24 4
26.2


Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.


8 .0
1 7
8 .8
7 .6

1910

20 to 44
y e a rs

8 .5
8 .7
9 .0
8 .2

1920

1910

1920

1910

1920

20

POPULATION----MARITAL CONDITION

No. 19.— MARITAL CONDITION OF PERRONS, 15 YRARS OF AON AND OVER,
BY MAJOR CLASSES: B r G e o g b a p h ic D ivision s , 1920
(N

o te

—The number divorced is considered to be understated. ^For marital condition of total
of each division see Table fi&
J

pop u lation

N a tiv e w h ite

D iv isio n a n d m a r ita l
c o n d itio n

N a tiv e p a ren tag e

F o reig n or m ixed
i. ^
1 p a ren tag e

x u re ig u -u u m
w h ite
X-

N egro

N u m b er

P er
Cent

N um ber

P er
bent

N u m b er

P er
ce n t

N u m b er

P er
cent

19,062,107
6,776,618
11,244,289
874,821
134,789
61,690
18,629, 748
6,268, 490
11,195,865
1,886,000
162,743
27,660

m o
35.5
58.9
4 .6
0 .7
0 .3
100.0
28.4
60.4
10.2
0 .8
0 .1

6,990,940
3,161,100
3 ,550,882
236,294
40,924
11,740
7,211,10$
2,668,443
3,890,870
595,407
48,166
8,222

HfcO
4 5.1
6 0*1
3 .4
0*6
0 .2
m o
3 7 .0
54,0
8 .3
0 .7
0 .1

7,252,639
1,865,047
4,902,942
438,049
31. 950
24, 551
5,913, 985
835,799
4,123, 503
919,265
27,666
7,772

100.0
2 5.6
67.6
6 .0
0 .4
0 .3
100.0
14.1
69.7
16.5
0 .5
0 .1

3,393,211
1 ,1Q4,877
2,050,407
200,734
26,689
10,504
3,423,100
825,258
2,039,181
507,961
43,871
6,829

972,911
331,847
569,103
60,870
8,897
2,194
1,008,256
320,837
534,679
139,246
10,339
1,154

100.0
34.1
68.5
6 .3
0 .9
0 .2
100.0
3 1.9
63.1
13.8
1 .0
0 .1

696,851
374,281
297,366
21,697
2,691
81$
756,45*
371,256
331,003
60,4)03
3,548
641

190.0
6 3 .7
4 2 .7
3 .1
0 .4
0 .1
100.0
49.1
4 3.8
6 .6
0 .5
0 .1

909,765
216,041
636,924
53,046
2,696
1,158
888,754
160,604
603,268
120,992
3,268
732

100,0
23.7
70.0
5 .8
0 .3
0 .1
100.0
18.1
67.9
13.6
0 .4
0 .1

3,210, 550
1,176,331
1,852,452
159, 676
13,922
9,169
3,292,690
1,057,617

100.0
3 6.6
67.7
5 .0
0 .4
0 .3
100.0
32.1

1,873,841
914,692
884,608
66,587
4,680
3, 374
2,023, 634
844,769

100.0
48.8?
47. 2
3 .6
0 .2
0 .2
100.9
41*7

2,530,225
605, 712
1,780,343
130,220
4,216
9,734
2,208, 636
348,395

100.0
23.9
70.4
6.1
0 .2
0 .4
100.0
15.8

235,674
86,397
136,401
11,815
887
1,174
229,087
59,219

135,197
34,007
1,190
374

58.8
. 14.8
0.5
0-2

3,908,456 100.0
1,396,227 35.7
2,290,648 58.6
175,973
4.5
0.9
36*429
0.2
8,179
3,770,085 100.0
1,068,181 28.3
2,292,068 60.8
9.7
365,386
1.0
38,786
5,674
0.2

1,963,028 100.0 1,763,045 100.0
419,937 23.9
806,606 41.3
1,064,703 54.5 1,207,092 68.8
3.4
6.4
65,850
112,897
13,030
0.7
9,661
0.5
0.2
2,939
4,168
0.2
2,002,374 100. O 1,359,167 100.0
'
148,405 10.9
665,130 33.2
1,156, 234 <67.7
974,174 71.7
226,814 16.7
163,530
&2
0.6
15,289
0.8
7,998
2,191
0.1
0.1
1,770

218,760
76,969
125, 264
13,075
2,887
675
186,274
33,781
119,604
28,657
2,931
301

100.0
35.2
57.3
6.0
1.3
0.3
100.0
ia 2
64.6
15.6
1.6
0.2

2,367,289 100.0
874,598 36.9
1,364, 601 57.6
100,946
4.3
0.8
19,004
0.3
8,140
2,263,984 m o
656,392 29.0
1,379,396 60.9

1,226,560 m o
535,668 43.7
646,061 52. 7
34,764
2.8
0.5
6,412
2,655
0.2
1,206,^00 100.0
414, 667 34.4
702,007 58.3

112,538
38,637
63,551
8,169
1,752
429
102,372
20,548

100.0
34.3
56.5
7.3
1.6
0.4
100.0
20.1

UNITED STATES

M a le s ..........................................
S in g le — .................. .........
M a r r ie d ......... ...................
W id o w e d .........................
D iv o rced ...........................
U n k n o w n .........................
F e m a le s .....................................
S in g le .................................
M a r r ie d .............................
W id o w e d ..........................
D iv o rced -----------------U n k n o w n .........................

100.0
32.6
60.4
5.9
0 .8
0 .3
100.0
24.1
69.6
14.8
1.3
0 .2

N E W ENGLAND

M a l e s . .. . ...............................
S i n g l e .. . ...........................
■
M a rr ie d ......... _.................
W id o w e d ..........................
D iv o rced ...........................
U n k n o w n .........................
F em a les......................................
S in g le ..................................
M a rr ie d .............................
W i d o w e d ...............—
D iv o rced -.........................
U n k n o w n .........................

30,498
11,870
16,732
1,501
215
90
28,853
7,833
15,954
4,732
287
47,

m o
38.9
64.9
5 .2
0.7
0 .3
100.0
27.1
65.3
16.4
1 .0
0 .2

MIDDLE ATLANTIC

M a le s...........................................
S in g le ..................................
M a r r ie d ......... ............... ..
W id o w ed ..........................
D iv o rced ......... .................
U n k n o w n .........................
F e m a l e s . . .. .. ..................... ..
S in g le .................................
M a r r ie d ..___ ______

Widowed—..............
Divorced—
,.____ . .. .
Unknown........ ........

1,852,408
361,294
17,108
4,263

56.3
11.0
0.6
0.1

987,130
182,908
6,134
2,593

4&$
0.0
0.3
0.1

1,641,876
310,281
4,919
3,064

69.8
14.0
0.2
0.1

100.0
30,2
67.9
5.0
0 .4
0 .5
100.0
25.7

EAST NOBTH CENTBAL

Males.............................
Single.......................
Married....................
Widowed..................
Divorced..................
Unknown.................
Females..........................
Single.......................
Married....................
Widowed..................
Divorced..................
Unknown.................
WEST NOBTH CENTRAL

Males..............................
Single.......................
Married............... .
Widowed...............
Divorced..................
Unknown_________
Females...... ...................
Single.......................
Married....................

Widowed...................
Divorced...................

Unknown.................



202,817
21,270
4,089

9.0
0.9
0.2

79,244
7,790
1,692

6.6
0.6
0.1

761,080 100.0
178,443 23.4
514,637 67.6
61,796
8.1
4,242
0.6
1,962
0.3
676,368 100.0
9.8
56, lW
404,122 70.2
110,643
3,466
940

19.2
0.6
0.2

62,001
17,465
2,062
236

60.6
17.1
2.0
0.2

21

P0POT(ATION---- MARITAL, GO^DITIOIf
H f.,

of P e rso n s 15 Y e a r s of A ge and O v e r ,
"M a jo r C l a s s e s * B y G eograph ic D iv isio n s , 1920— Continued

-

N a tiv e w h ite

D iv isio n a n d m a r ita l
‘
co nd itio n

N a tiv e p a ren tag e

N u m b er

SOUTH ATLANTIC
M a le s ...........................................
S i n g l e . . . . — „............ ,

P er
ce n t

F o reign or m ixed
p a ren tag e

N u m b er

%783,077

W id o w e d .........................
D iv o rc e d .........................
U n k n o w n ........................
F e m a le s....... ...............................
S in g le .................................
M a rr ie d .............................
W id o w e d .......................
D iv o r c e d ........................
U n k n o w n ___________

972,859
1, $78,360
116,616
9,290
6,052
2,745,420
783,803
1,669,800
275, 545
12,149
4,123

100.0
3 5,0
60.3
4 .2
0 .3
0 .2
100.0
28. 5
60.8
mo
0 .4
0 .2

179,697
74,980
9 5 611
7,948
943
209
185,752
63,953
98,424
22,188
1,055
132

EAST SOUTH CENTRAL
M a le s ..........................................
S in g le ................ .................
M a rrie d ..............................
W id o w ed .........................
D iv o rced ...........................
U n k n o w n _____ _____
F em a les......................................
S in g le ..................................
M a rrie d — .......................
W id o w e d .........................
D ivo rced ..................
U n kn o w n -------- ---------

1,826,709
621,430
1,180,367
84,210
7, 611
3,181
l t 858,996
484, 438
1,174,207
187,356
10,955
2,040

100.0
£2,8
62.2
4 .4
0 .4
a 2
100.0
26.1
63,2
10.1
0 .6
0.1

77,824
26,448
46,791
3,956
541
88
85,036
25,804
46,344
12,180
646
62

WEST SOUTH CENTRAL
M a le s ...........................................
S in g le ..................................
M a r r ie d ............................
W id o w e d ............ .............
D iv o rced .................. ........
U n k n o w n .........................
F em ales......................................
S in g le.................................
M a rr ie d .............................
W id o w e d ..........................
D iv o rced ...........................
U n k n o w n .........................

8,237,781
771,816
1,336,835
97,489
12,251
9,340
2,054,846
515,544
1,331,436
180,767
34,517
3,582

100.0
34.6
60.0
44
0 .6
0 .4
100.0
26.1
64.8
9 .2
0 .7
0 .2

233,688
92,425
129,959
9,335
1,522
447
221,627
65,938
130,912
22,805
1,700
272

Married

b y

Pqr
ce n t > N u m b e r

100.0
41.7
5 3.3 >
4 .4
05
ou
100.0
34.4
53.0
11.9
00
0 .1

100. Q
3 4 .0
60.1
5 ,1
0 .7
0 .1
100.0
30 3
54.5
14.3
0 .8
a i
100.0
39.6
55,6
4 .0
0 .7
0 .2
100.0
29.8 ,
69.1 !
103
0 .8
01

N egro

w hite>

P er
ce n t

P er
ce n t

N um ber

179,095
54,376
110,468
10,063
594
594
m so d
17,911
86,322
20,054
422
151

100.0
30.4
63.4
5 .6
03
03
100.0
14.3
69.1
101
03
01

1,311,264
433,651
795,982
72,281
5,415
3,935
1,361,103
355,986
797,273
195,668
9,465
2,711

100.0
33.1
607
5.5
04
03
100.0
26.2
506
14. A
07
02

41,062
9,531
27,638
3,694
213
86
28,860
3,654
17,907
7,119
133
47

100.0
23.2
67,1
9 .0
06
0 2
100.0
12.7
6 2.0
217
0 6
0 .2

782,663
236,391
486,794
50,380
6,887
2,211
821,483
192,268
486,417
127,985
13,176
1,637

1009
30 2
62.2
04
0 9
0 3
100.0
23.4
59.2
10 6
1 .6
02

231,050
70,114
141,822
16,643
1,043
1,428
170,598
29,519
109,951
30,011
•826
291

100.0
303
61.4
7 .2
05
0 6
100.0
17.3
61&
17.6
00
02

664,084
204,818
406,050
41,453
7,904
1,859
667,340
151,058
406,214
94,624
13,980
1,464

100.0
300
6L41
02
1 .2
03
100.0
22.6
609
14.2
2.1
02

;
s

MOUNTAIN

«
S in g le..................................
M a rr ie d .............................
W id o w e d .........................
D iv o rc e d ..........................
U n k n o w n .- .1 ___ ___
F e m a le s .......................... ...........
S in g le ..................................
M a rrie d ...........................
W id o w e d .........................
D iv o rc e d .........................
U n k n o w n .........................

668,674
249,428
370,161
29,378
7,871
6,836
564,785
143,474
364,567
48,411
6,902
1,431

100.0
3 7.6
55.8
44
1 .2
1 .0
100.0
25.4
645

1,061,620
382,982
601,862
49,663
19,514
7,599
972,707
238,204
697,314
115,178
20,717
1,294

100.0
36.1
56.7

8.6

42
03

258,172
106,906
139,250
8,821
2,824
371
236,849
66,753
150,620
17,526
2,748
202

100.0
41.4*
63.9
3 .4
1.1
01
1000
27,8
6 3.6

492,279
219,188
246,633
17,336
8,281
841
493,195
161,183
287,296
45,023
9,256
437

104.0
318
62.1
08
09
a v
1000
11.1

1 .2
01

254,220
88,352
147,073
14,852
2,231
1,110
166,406
18,424
117,521
27,816
1,417
228

108
09
01

1,383
0645
1,513
230
22

100.0
44.6
501
&5
1 .7
a2
1000
807
58.3
9 .1
1.9
01

592,393
212,541
333,445
34,838
7,264
4,305
392,437
52,790
268,362
66,525
5,217
543

1000
8 2 .9
503
09
1; 2
07
1900
13.5
68.4
10 7
L3
0 .1

2 02 7 3
7,420
11,032
1,214
465
142
17,889
3,182
108 1 6
3,310
544
37

7.4

T tl

17,467
9,724
0011
756
277

m

1000
507
3 7.9
4 .3
L0
05
1000
107
612
17.2

%%

03

P C IC
A IF
M a le s ...........................................
S in g le ..................................
M a rr ie d ..... ........................
W id o w e d ..........................
D iv o r c e d .........................
U n k n o w n .........................
F em ales......................................
S in g le ..................................
M a r r ie d .- .........................
W id o w e d .........................
D iv o rced ............. .............
U n k n o w n .........................

47
1 .8
U7

100.0
24 5
61.4

11.8
2.1
0.1


Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.


1000
306
54,4

00
03

100#
17,8
005

105
3 .0
02

22

POPULATION^—MARITAL CONDITION
No. 20.— MARITAL CONDITION OF
[N ote .—T h e n u m b e r divorced
M a le s 15 y e a rs of ag e a n d over
P er cen t of to ta l

N u m b er

S ta te a n d d iv isio n
T o ta l

S in g le

M a rrie d

D i­
r
U
W id o w ed vorced kn on ­n S in gle M ad ­ W id ­
rie
w
owed

C on tinen tal U n ited 36,920,663 12,967,585 21,849,266 1,758,308 235,284 110,240
States.

35.1

59.2

4 .8

H ew E n g la n d .................. 2,614,119
279,478
M a in e .................................
N ew H a m p sh ire ___ ^
161,931
127,905
V erm o n t............................
M a s s a c h u s e tts ............... 1,347,788
210,543
R h o d e I s la n d ___ ___
486,474
C o n n e c tic u t...................

935,919
92,085
64,688
41,894
496,697
77,269
173,286

1,528,214
166,171
94,791
76,310
775,687
121,208
283,047

137,307
18,123
10,324
8,372
67,582
10; 711
22; 195

14,408
%628
1,762
1,171
5,825
1,226
1,796

4,271
471
366
158
1,997
129
1,150

3 5.8
3 2 .9
3 3 .8
3 2 .8
3 6.9
36.7
3 5.6

5 9,5
5 8.6
69.7
5 7.6
5 7.6
5 9.2

68.2

5.3
6 .5
6 .4
as
5 .0
5.1
4 .6

M id d le A tla n tic .............. ..
N ew Y o r k ........................
N ew J e r s e y .....................
P e n n s y v a n ia .................

7,663,502
3, 732,828
1,110,387
3,020,287

2,788,863
1,350,088
382,481
1,056,294

4,658,707
%183, 636
672, 749
1,802,422

368, 584
173,113
50,577
144,894

23. 737
10,166
2,593
10,978

23,611
15,925
1,987
5,699

35.6
3 6 .2
34.4
3 5.0

59.2
5 8.5
60.6
59.7

4 .7
4 .0
4 .6
4 .8

E ast N orth C en tra l..........
O hio....................................
I n d ia n a .............................
I llin o is -..................... ........
M ic h ig a n .......... ...............
W isco n sin .................. ..

7,844,734
2,125,426
1,059,899
%
347,493
1,371,116
940,800

2,704,777
712,996
327,582
830,251
474,065
369,883

4,692,684
1,290,796
663, 577
1,387,092
820,071
631,148

368,357
101,696
55,549
107,204
62,418
41,590

61,984
17,226
10,339
16,587
12,358
5,475

16; 932
2, 813
2,852
6,359
2,204
2,704

84.5
33.5
3 0.9
3 5.4
3 4 .6
38.3

69.8
60.7
6 2.6
59.1
59.8
56.5

4 .7
4 .8
5 .2
4 .0
4 .6
4 .4

W est N orth C e n tra l___ 4,480,890
868,738
M in n e s o ta .......... .............
865,407
Io w a ....................................
M is s o u r i.—..................... 1,216,243
214,001
N o rth D a k o ta ................
224,873
S o u th D a k o ta —............
N e b ra s k a ___________
461,298
K a n sa s________ ___
630,130

1,632,528
365,880
303,626
406,275
87,934
89,284
169,428

210,101

2, 596, 866
460,829
512,060
733,960
116,254
123,995
267,199
382,669

206,467
36,687
40,763
62; 793
7,765
9,000
19,715
30,744

31, 535
4,134
6,944
9,896
815
1,272
3,231
6,244

13,294
2,208
2,014
3,320
1,233
1,322
1,725
1,472

38.4
42.1
35.1
3 3.4
41.1
3 9.7
3 6.7
33.3

58.0
5 3.0
69.2
60.3
64.3
55.1
57.9
60. 7

4 .6
4 .1
4 .7
5 .2
3 .6
4 .0
4 .3
4 .9

South A tlan tic..................... 4,459,049
D e la w a r e . .......................
81,611
512,513
M a r y la n d .........................
D istric t of C o lu m b ia .
169,013
V irg in ia ----------- --------751,890
487,684
W est V irg in ia ................
756,631
N o rth C a r o lin a .
492,228
S o u th C a r o lin a .............
G eo rgia....................... ..
884,801
332,678
F lo rid a ..... ..........................

1,538,338
27,815
184,547
601,976
275,096
172,948
257,881
168,536
283,338
107,201

2,686,520
48,850
297,995
88,698
437,986
291,096
463,809
300,701
554,356
203,029

297,103
4,264
26,771
7,616
34,381
19,674
31,539
21,413
42,314
19,131

16,282
807
2,440
884
2,940
2,434
1,322
597
3,242
3,096

10,828
375
760
839
1,487
1,532
2,080
981
1,551

1,221

34.5
34.1
3d 0
3 8.3
3a 6
3 5 .6
3 4.1
3 4 .2
3 2 .0
3 2 .2

60.2
59.9
58.1
6 5.8
68.3
5 9.7
6 1.3
61.1
62.7
6 1.0

4 .6
5 .2
5 .2
4 .8
4 .6
4 .0
4 .2
4 .4
4 .8
5 .8

2,799,332
795,602
745,280
710,229
548,321

894,179
260,277
235, 742
226,392
171,768

1,742,015
487,561
465,672
444,168
344,614

142,301
41,289
38,823
34,420
27,769

15,280
5,138
3,971
3,486

31.9
3 2.7
3 1 .6
3 1 .9
31.3

62.2
61.3
62.5
62.5
62.8

6.1
6.2
6.2

2,666

6,577
1,237
1,072
1,763
1,505

4 .8
A1

W est South C en tral____ 3,375,273
A rk a n s a s....... ...............
655,957
L o u is ia n a .........................
675,500
671,835
O klah o m a.........................
T e x a s .................................. 1,571,981

1,145,995
171,241
201,248
219,032
554,494

2,027,272
349,040
342,062
412; 202
923,968

166,000
30; 594
27,170
32,252
75,984

22,883
3,954
2,519
6,423
10,967

13,148
1,128
2,601
2,946
6,568

8 4.0
3ft 8
3 5.0
3 2.6
35.3

60.1
6 2.8
6 9.4
6 1.4
58.8

4 .9
5 .5
4 .7
4 .8
4 .8

M o u n ta in ............................. 1,228,847
209,491
M o n ta n a ______ ____ _
Id a h o ..................................
166,167
W y o m in g .........................
79,366
C olo rad o............................
350,813
N ew M e x ic o ............ —
123,167
A riz o n a ..............................

467,345
84,007
69, 795
33,171
123,473
45,425

683,164
113,159
87,969
41,408
200,800
68,973

56,174
8,690
6,409
3,180
17,592
7,583

13,432
2,324
1,667
966
4,378
944

8,732
1,411
327
641
4,570
242

38.0
40.1
38.3
4 1 .8
3 5 .2
3 6.9

ea 3

55.6
54.0

4 .6
4 .1
4 .1
4 ,0
5 .0

53.3
59.1
45.9
65.0
54.8
56.9
64.6

4.9
3.5
4.3
4.7
4.4
4.7
4.8

E ast South C e n tra l____
K e n tu c k y __________
T en n essee..... ...................
A la b a m a ...........................
M ississip p i....................

U ta h .................................
N e v a d a ...........................

P a c ific .....................................
W a s h in g to n ..................
O regon.............................
C a lifo rn ia .......................

127,117
146,262
36,464
2,255,117
546,019
308,126
1,400,972

61,329 67,735 $182 1,166 705
53,294 86,397 5,078 1,246 247
16,851 16*723 1,560 74
1 589
859,821 1,239,824 106,015 35,806 13;854
3
212,021 298,960 23,915 8,602 2; 5 1
112,181 175,423 14,474 5,633 415
535,419 765,451 67,626 21,563 10,908

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.



40.4
36.4
46.2
38.1
38.8
3a 4
38.2

6 2.2
5 7.2
5 6.0

6.2

23

POPULATION---- MARITAL CONDITION
PERSONS lit YEARS OF A6E AND OVER, 1920
is co nsid ered t o b e u n d e rsta te d ]

r

F em ales 15 y e a rs o f age a n d o v e r
N u m b er

P e r cen t o f to ta l

S ta te an d
d iv isio n

T o ta l

Single

M a rrie d

W id o w e d

D iv o rc e d

U n­
know n

Single

M a r­
ried

W id ­
ow ed

8 5 ,17 7 ,5 15

9 ,6 1 6 ,9 0 2

2 1,3 1 8 ,9 3 3

3 ,9 17 ,6 2 5

273,304

50,761

2 7 .3

6 0 .8

1 1 .1

8 ,6 8 1 ,1 3 8
2 7 1,7 6 4
16 1 ,2 0 8
128,082
1,4 2 5 ,4 4 3
219 ,4 0 9
4 7 9 ,3 3 2

860,653
7 2 ,1 5 9
4 6 ,2 9 2
3 2 ,3 9 7
4 9 0 ,17 0
7 4 ,0 9 8
14 6 ,6 3 7

1,4 8 6 ,3 7 7
162,623
9 2,353
74,505
768,897
1 1 8 ,7 7 2
278,227

315 ,0 9 3
3 4 ,0 17
20 ,4 3 1
15 ,9 8 9
167,253
2 4,677
5 2,826

17,441
2,685
1,8 4 5
1,0 1 4
8 ,0 0 0
1,8 3 4
2,063

2 ,674
280
287
77
1 ,1 2 3
128
679

3 2 .1
2 6 .6
2 8 .7
2 6 .1
3 4 .4
3 3 .8
3d4

6 5 .4
5 9 .8
6 7 .3
6 0 .1
6 3 .2
511
6 8 .0

1 1 .8
1 2 .5
1 2 .7
1 2 .9
1 1 .7
1 1 .2
1 1 .0

7,75 7 ,4 5 7
3 ,7 6 7 ,6 4 0
1,0 9 2 ,6 2 3
2,8 9 7 ,2 9 4

2 ,3 10 ,8 0 5
1 ,1 6 4 ,5 2 5
3 11 ,2 9 3
8 34,967

4 ,6 18 ,2 4 8
2 ,13 4 ,6 0 4
653,587
1,7 3 0 ,0 6 7

888,739
448,670
123,076
316,993

29,367
13 ,5 6 2
3 ,2 9 7
12,608

10,298
6 ,1 7 9
1,3 7 0
2 ,7 4 9

2 9 .8
3 0 .9
2 8 .5
2 8 .8

5 8 .2
6 6 .7
5 9 .8
5 9 .7

1 1 .6 M. A.
N .Y .
1 1 .9 i
1 1 .3
N .J .
1 0 .9
P a.

7 ,3 2 1,8 3 3
1 ,9 9 0 ,7 0 1
1 ,0 2 1 ,9 1 5
2 ,2 4 2 ,1 2 0
1,1 9 8 ,0 3 7
869,060

1 ,9 1 6 ,5 7 9
507,560
2 44,659
6 17 ,8 7 3
285,297
2 6 1,2 0 0

4 ,5 4 5 ,1 7 5
1 ,2 4 1 ,4 5 1
65 0 ,18 7
1 ,3 5 3 ,1 1 8
782,648
517 ,7 7 1

785,038
2 2 1,7 6 5
1 1 4 ,2 4 4
247,985
1 1 8 ,4 1 2
82,642

65,090
18 ,4 6 6
10 ,7 2 3
19 ,2 7 6
10 ,7 6 8
5 ,8 5 8

9 ,9 5 1
1,4 7 9
2 ,1 0 2
3 ,8 6 9
912
1 ,5 8 9

2 8 .2
2 5 .5
2 3 .9
2 7 .6
2 3 .8
3 0 .1

6 2 .1
6 2 .4
6 3 .6
6 0 .3
6 5 .3
5 9 .6

1 0 .7
1 1 .1
1 1 .2
1 1 .1
9 .9
9 .5

E. H. 0.

4 ,15 9 ,4 7 9
774,433
8 19,947
1,1 8 6 ,4 0 7
18 1 ,4 5 0
19 0 ,8 1 2
4 19 ,1 4 6
687,284

1 ,1 5 0 ,3 7 3
248,592
2 2 4 ,706
308,051
64,6 8 5
53,858
1 1 3 ,8 6 7
14 6 ,6 1 4

2 ,5 5 5 ,8 9 6
450,785
5 0 5 ,294
724,886
11 3 ,8 4 3
1 2 1 ,4 0 8
263,890
37 5 ,7 9 0

4 1 1 ,4 7 2
6 8 ,945
8 1 ,1 1 8
139,774
1 1 ,6 1 8
13 ,8 6 2
37,2 9 8
58,857

84,727
4 ,8 4 3
7 ,6 1 0
11 ,6 3 9
735
1 ,1 2 8
3 ,3 6 8
5,504

7 ,0 1 1
1,2 6 8
1 ,3 1 9
2 ,0 5 7
569
556
723
519

2 7 .7
3 2 .1
2 7 .4
2 8 .0
8 0 .1
2 8 .2
2 7 ,2
2 5 .0

6 1 .4
6 8 .2
6 1 .6
6 1 .1
6 2 .7
6 3 .6
6 3 .0
610

9 .0
8 .9
9 .9
1 1 .8
6 .4
7 .3
8 .9

ia o

W.
. C.
M in n .
Io w a .
. M o.
N . D ak .
S .D a k .
N e b r.
K an s.

4 ,4 2 0 ,8 3 7
7 7 ,10 5
506,569
18 8 ,4 6 6
730,985
43 1,5 6 4
769,185
504.048
9 0 0 ,1 1 7
312 ,7 9 8

1,2 2 2 ,5 6 1
19 ,9 6 2
14 7 ,2 0 4
7 0,330
2 1 1 ,1 4 0
l i f t 169
2 2 5 ,14 9
14 3 ,4 5 7
225,856
69,294

2 ,6 5 4 ,2 3 6
4 7 ,4 6 9
294,043
88 ,6 0 2
432,557
2 8 0 ,8 11
460,742
298,648
5 5 1,6 2 2
19 9 ,8 4 2

513,797
9 ,0 9 4
62,087
27,761
8 2 ,4 8 3
36,9 9 5
7 9 ,1 1 8
59,865
11 5 ,8 2 9
40,565

2 3 ,11 0
'368
2 ,7 0 0
1,3 8 1
3 ,898
2 ,6 3 6
2 ,3 2 5
1,3 2 5 j
5,926
2 ,5 6 2

7 ,13 3
222
536
392
907
954
1 ,8 6 1
763
984
535

2 7 .7
2 5 .9
2 9 .1
37; 3
2 8 .9
2 5 .5
2 9 .3
2 8 .5
2 5 ,1
2 2 .2

6 0 .0
6 1-8
6 8 .0
4 7 .0
5 9 .2
6 6 .1
5 9 .9
6 9 .2
6 1 .3
6 3 .9

1 1 .8
1 2 .3
1 4 .7
1 1 .3
8 .6
1 0 .3
1 1 .9
1 2 .9
1 3 .0

2,794, 845
770,695
749,045
720,780
554,325

706,269
19 5 ,0 5 5
19 0 ,5 3 6
18 2,268
1 3 8 ,4 1 0

1,7 2 5 ,17 9
4 8 1,0 6 0
46 1,8 8 3
440,207
342,029

334,697
8 7 ,3 7 8
8 9 ,2 8 5
9 0 ,3 6 9
67 ,6 6 5

2 4 ,9 14
6 ,3 9 2
6 ,6 7 6
6 ,649
5 ,1 9 7

3 ,7 8 6
8 10
665
1 ,2 8 7
1,0 2 4

2 5 .3
2 5 .3
2 5 .4
2 5 .3
2 5 .0

6 1 .7
6 2 .4
6 1 .7
6 1 .1
61. 7

1 2 .0
1 1 .3
1 1 .9
1 2 .5
1Z 2

E. S. C.

3 ,1 3 1 ,0 2 9
525, 477
671, 339
594,679
1,4 3 9 ,5 3 4

7 6 6 ,11 7
11 6 ,0 8 4
16 5 ,2 7 6
1 3 2 ,8 1 8
36 1,9 3 9

1,988, 774
344,325
338,897
402,863
902,689

389,238
68,954
7 1,2 7 8
5 1,9 8 4
15 7 ,0 2 2

3 1,2 3 6
6 ,370
4 ,4 1 6
6 ,880
16*564

5 ,664
744
1 ,4 7 2
1 ,1 2 8
2 ,3 2 0

2 4 .5
2 2 .1
2 fc 2
2 2 .3
2 5 .1

63. 5
6 5 .5
5 9 ,3
,67.7
6 2 .7

10.8
1 1 .2
1 2 .5
8 .7

w . s. c.
A rk .
L a.

. 1,0 00,086
160, 625
123,287
5 4 ,16 9
307,458
10 3,603
9 5 ,6 7 1
13 3 ,6 4 2
2 1,7 3 1

288,864
8 7 ,0 3 6
2 8 ,1 2 4
1 1 ,1 2 0
73,0 8 8
24 ,9 9 3
2 0 ,1 7 0
3 6 ,12 7
4 ,1 9 6

654,476
1 0 8 ,1 1 9
8 4 ,6 5 4
3 8 ,1 7 2
1 9 5 ,1 9 3
66, 577
6 3 ,6 8 5
83, 713
1 4 ,4 6 3

98,277
13 ,3 8 8
9 ,3 9 1
4 ,0 8 9
3 4 ,18 6
10 ,8 3 2
10 ,8 0 8
1 3 ,1 6 8
2 ,4 1 5

1 1 ,5 1 0
1,8 2 1
1 ,1 4 6
660
4,068
942
852
1 ,5 3 1
500

1,9 5 9
261
72
12 8
923
159
, 156
103
167

2 3 .4
2 3 .1
2 2 .8
2 0 .5
2 3 .8

6 5 .4
6 7 .3
6 8 .6
7< u
6 3 .6

2 1 .1
2 6 .3
1 9 .3

6 6 .6
6216
m o

9 .8
X t. ,
8 .3 ' M o n t.
7 .6
Id a h o .
7 .5
W yo.
Cdio.
1 1 .1
1ft 5
N .M eat
113
9 .9
U ta h .
N ev.
111

1 ,9 1 0 ,8 1 1
438,357
2 6 1,847

44 9 ,6 8 1
10 0 ,3 4 3
6 ftl4 2

1 ,1 9 1 ,5 7 2
287,871
17 0,069
733,632

2 3 1,2 7 4 . 35,909
9 ,3 7 6
438
4 1 ,8 8 9 ?
7 ,8 1 6
4 ,9 8 8
2 6 ,5 1 4
134
1 ,2 1 0 ,6
“
28
6
163,871 0 7 23r lGS 9 ,191,8 0 3

2 3 .5
2 2 .9
2 3 .0
2 3 .9

6 2 .4
6 6 .7
6 4 .9
8 ft6

9 .6
1 0 .1
1 3 .5

105496°—
 s a 1923


2 11

613

11.6

ia o

12.1

U. S.

N. E.
M e.
N. H.
V t.
M as s.
R .I .
C onn.

O hio.
In d .
ID.
M ic h .
W is .

S. A.
a t
D . C.
V a.
W . V a. N. O
S .C .
G a.
F la .
K y.
T enn.
A la .
M iss.

t

ST

P ac.
W a sh .
c !S

,

24

POPULATION---- MARITAL CONDITION

No. 21.— MARITAL CONDITION OP WHITE AND NEGRO PERSONS IS YEARS
OF AGE AND OVER F or E ach G eo graph ic D iv isio n and fo r E ach S tat N
H a vin g a N egro P opulatio n of O v e r

5

P e r C ent of the T o t al ,

1920

(Note.—T h e

s m a ll n u m b e r u n k n o w n is n o t sh o w n se p a ra te ly b u t in c lu d e d in t h e to ta l. T h e n u m b e r
d iv o rc e d is considered t o b e u n d e rsta te d . T h e m a r it a l co n d itio n o f t o t a l U n ite d S ta te s w h it e p o p u latio n
is as fo llo w s: M a le s , to ta l, 33,335,586; sin gle, 11,782,665; m a rrie d , 10 ,606,113; w id o w e d , 1,549,164; d iv o rced ,
207,663. F em a le s, to ta l, 31,654,841; sin g le , 8,772,732; m a rrie d , 19,210,238; w id o w e d , 3,399,662; d iv o rc e d ,
228,565. F o r m a rita l co n d itio n o f t o t a l U n ite d S ta te s n eg ro p o p u la tio n see T a b le 19]
F em ales

M a le s
S ta te an d d ivisio n
M a r­
rie d

T o ta l

W id ­
o w ed

D i­
vorced

T o ta l

M ar­
rie d

Sin g le

W id ­
D i­
o w ed vo rc e d

WHITE

New England........ 2 ,579,527
Kiddle Atlantic. . . 7 ,6 14 ,6 16
East North Central. 7 ,6 15 ,12 9

135,613 1 4 ,1 8 4 2 , 6 51,400 852, 597 1,4 6 8 ,9 5 0 3 10,241 17 ,1 4 5
922,169 1,
2 ,695,736 4 ,5 17 ,8 0 3 356,483 22, 816 ",5 2 4 ,7 5 9 2 ,2 5 0 ,7 8 1 4 ,3 8 1,4 14 864,483 2 8 ,1 0 1
7
2 ,622,670 4,5 6 2 ,4 4 3 354,720 5 9 ,0 10 7 ,13 1 ,6 2 6 1 ,8 8 1 ,7 1 6 4,4 2 2 ,4 6 6 755,730 62 ,0 7 3

West North Central
Missouri._____ 1 ,1 4 4 ,0 8 4

1,5 8 8 ,7 0 9 2 ,5 2 5 ,2 9 9 197,506 2 9,658 4 ,0 4 5 ,6 2 2 1,1 2 7 ,2 4 6 2 ,4 86,425 392,704 3 2.626
38 1,3 6 4 693,383 5 7 ,400 8 ,9 14 1 ,1 1 9 ,2 1 7 294,063 685,054 127,769 10 ,4 6 0

South Atlantic___ 3 ,14 1 ,8 6 9
7 0,203
Delaware_____
Maryland_____ 4 2 5 ,569
Dist.of Columbia 11 9 ,4 7 2
Virginia............. 5 3 4 ,2 10
West V irg in ia - 4 5 2 ,863
North Carolina- 5 3 8.513
South Carolina— 254,087
Georgia_______ 528,044
Florida— ......... 2 18 ,9 0 8

, 102,221 1,887,339

East South Central. 2 ,0 15 ,6 3 5
Kentucky_____ 7 09,888
Tennessee.......... 597,593
Alabama-_____ 4 4 2 .5 13
Mississippi____ 2 6 5,691

657,409 1,2 5 4 ,6 9 6
2 3 1,7 3 6 438,622
19 0 ,2 7 8 3 7 6 ,0 0 5
14 4 ,7 7 2 2 77,585
90 ,6 2 4 162,484

8 ,365 1,9 7 2 ,8 9 2
3 ,8 2 0 686,568
2 ,4 7 6 5 9 4 ,6 13
1 43ft 432,489
631

613,896 1,2 3 8 ,4 5 8
17 5 ,9 7 6 432,702
155* 111 3 7 1,4 2 0
1 1 1 ,9 1 9 273.709
7 0 ,890 160,627

206,655 11 ,7 3 4
7 2 ,4 2 0 4 ,7 7 0
63,684 3 ,9 3 7
44 ,2 2 3 2 ,0 5 9
2 6,328
968

West South Central 2 ,6 9 2 ,4 6 9
Arkansas______ 403,262
Louisiana____ _ 354,944
Oklahoma_____ 606,270
Texas....... ......... —

9 3 t, 355 1,6 0 8 ,6 1 6 123,467 14*816 8 ,4 4 7 ,0 7 1
12 7,753 2 52,047 20 ,5 2 0 2 ,1 3 6 374,035
1 3 1 ,9 4 3 2 0 4 ,865 1 5 ,1 3 0 1 ,2 0 7 3 4 1 ,7 1 3
19 7 ,9 8 4 373,295 2 7 ,7 3 4 4 ,5 7 6
476,675 778,409
6 * 8 9 7 1 ,19 8 ,6 6 0

6 1 1 ,0 0 1 1,5 7 2 ,9 9 9
84,^39 2 4 8 ,17 9
9 9 ,8 6 6 2 0 1,2 5 9
1 1 8 ,7 4 5 364,250
307,451 758*611

542,583 17 ,0 4 3
3 8 ,0 1 8 2 ,4 1 0
38,2 3 8 1 ,5 4 6
4 3 ,9 8 3 4 ,7 3 7
122,344 8 ,3 5 0

Mountain____ ___
Pacific....................

444,686 6 5 7 ,084 53,051 12 ,9 2 6 967,040
8 14 ,7 1 1 1 ,1 8 1 ,9 4 0 101,837 36,059 1,8 5 8 ,3 3 9

227,651 032,708 93,753 11 ,0 6 7
44 2 ,17 7 1 ,1 5 2 ,9 7 2 225.726 3 5 ,19 0

1,1 7 6 ,0 7 0
2 ,14 6 ,2 9 2

23 ,4 6 0
15 3 ,0 3 4
47,2 7 9
19 7,003
15 9 ,1 6 1
18 3,575
9 1 ,3 1 8
17 6 ,5 3 9
7 0 ,8 6 2

42,683
2 4 8 ,705
65,6 3 4
3 12 ,3 5 3
2 7 2 ,14 2
3 3 1,6 6 9
1 5 1 ,8 1 0
32 7 ,5 3 4
134,809

134,627 10,827 3,05 6 ,0 3 2
3 ,495
66,875
266
2 1,2 5 0 2 ,0 1 4 4 23,286
5 ,2 2 2
672 14 1 ,9 7 1
2 2 ,1 0 9 1 ,8 1 4 5 1 0 ,9 1 2
1 8 ,1 1 6 2,120 405,240
2 1 ,0 7 2
834 536,462
10 ,3 4 3
242 2 4 6 ,4 5 1
2 1,6 9 5 1,5 7 6 6 2 0 ,17 5
1 1 ,3 2 5 1 ,2 8 9
9 1 ,8 6 0
3 4,623
2 8 ,1 0 0
18 ,0 0 9
1 1 ,1 2 8

865.667 1,8 5 4 ,5 4 6 317,787 13 .6 2 6
17 ,2 0 4
4 1 ,4 7 0 7 ,7 1 6
3 17
12 5 ,4 2 8 2 4 5 ,300 4 9 ,9 4 6 2 ,2 2 6
57,067
6 4 ,8 7 8 18 ,7 0 7 1,0 4 9
14 9,699 306,858 5 1,6 3 1
10 4.668 2 6 3 ,1 5 0 34,205 2 ,3 6 2
15 5 ,8 9 7 328,200 49,8 8 2 1,3 0 2
7 1 ,1 2 6 14 9 ,4 0 2 2 5 ,1 9 9
387
137,769 3 2 3 ,14 4 5 6 ,4 5 1 2 ,3 5 8
46,809 132*X44 24,0 6 0 1 ,3 6 0

NEGRO

New England____
Middle Atlantic. __
Bast North Central-

30 ,4 9 8
235,674
2 19 ,7 6 0

11 ,8 7 0
8 5,397
78,989

West North Central
Missouri______

112 .5 3 8
7 1,6 7 7

38,637
24 ,6 0 9

South Atlantic.___ 1,3 1 1 ,2 6 4
Delaware...........
u, r“
Maryland..........
8 6,565
Dist.of Columbia 38, 916
Virginia........... . 2 17 ,0 5 6
West V irg in ia 34 ,7 2 7
North Carolina. 2 14 ,8 2 5
South Carolina— 2 3 7 ,9 2 8
Georgia.............. 3 6 6 ,5 16
Florida—.......... 11 3 ,3 7 2
East South Central _
Kentucky..........
Tennessee_____
Alabama............
Mississippi........

216

16 ,7 3 2 1*591
13 6 ,4 0 1 1 1 ,8 1 6
125,254 13*075

887
2 ,8 8 7

28,863
229,987
185,274

7 ,8 8 3
5 9 ,2 19
3 3 ,781

15 ,954 4,732
13 5 ,1 9 7 3 4,007
1x9,604 28,657

63 ,5 5 1
4 0 ,3 3 1

8 ,1 6 9
5 ,375

1,7 5 2
978

102,372
67,090

20,548

62,061 17,465
39,772 1 1 ,9 9 1

433,651
4 ,3 1 8
3 1 ,3 2 0
1 3 ,3 5 4
7 7 ,7 8 1
1 3 ,7 3 0
7 3 ,1 7 2
7 7 ,1 2 6
10 6 ,6 8 1
3 6 ,16 9

795,982
6 ,1 5 7
4 9 ,1 1 6
2 2 ,8 0 1
1 2 5 ,3 4 7
18 ,9 2 0
1 3 0 ,1 1 4
14 8 ,7 8 0
226, 716
6 8 .031

72 ,2 8 1
768
5 ,5 1 1
2 ,3 8 7
12 ,2 5 2
1,5 6 6
10 ,3 5 7
1 1 ,0 6 2
2 0.604
7 ,784

5*415 1 ,3 6 1 ,1 0 3
10 ,2 2 9
41
83,2 5 0
426
46,434
208
1*124 2 19 ,8 3 6
313 2 6 ,3 13
482 229,671
355 257,502
379,907
107,961

3 55,986

782,663
8 5 .5 3 8
14 7 ,5 9 4
267,539
2 8 1,9 9 2

2 36,391
2 8,509
45,423
8 1,5 5 6
8 0,903

486,794
48 ,8 9 8
8 9 ,6 2 5
16 6 ,4 8 8
18 1,7 8 3

50,380
6 ,6 6 4
1 0 ,7 1 4
1 6 ,3 9 8
16 .6 0 4

West South Central
Arkansas...........
Louisiana_____
Oklahoma_____
Texas.................

664,084
15 2 ,5 6 9
2 19 ,8 0 0
4 9 ,4 2 6
2 4 2,289

20 4 ,8 18
43,422
6 8 ,948
15 ,3 8 3
77,065

408,050
9 6,929
13 6 ,8 5 6
29,657
14 4 ,7 0 8

4 1,4 5 3
10 ,0 6 9
1 1 ,9 9 1
3 ,5 6 1
15 ,8 3 2 r

Mountain..............
Pacific....................

17,457
2 0,273

9 ,7 2 4
7 ,4 2 0

6 ,6 1 1
11 .0 3 2

756
1 ,2 1 4

1*318
1,4 9 5
2;043

821,433
84*104
15 4 ,4 0 8
28 8 ,19 7
294,774

7 ,9 0 4
1 ,8 1 8
1 ,3 1 1
7 12
4*063

240,224

277
465

17*889


Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.


667,340
151*400
229,290

8 ,7 ^

13,966

2,758
21,767
13,244
61,380
A 500
68,505

7 2.308
8 8 ,0 8 1
2 2,443
192,268

i*9,073
35,418
70,327

67,450

151,058
3 1 ,1 3 5
5 5 .3 0 8
10 ,2 4 6
1,3 8 3
3 ,1 8 2

797,273
5 ,9 9 8
48 ,7 2 3
2 3 ,6 8 6
125* 550
1 7 ,6 5 2
13 0 ,5 3 7
1 4 9 ,1 8 7
2 2 8 ,3 5 1
67,689

195,668
1,3 7 8
1 2 ,1 3 8
9 ,0 5 1
3 0,828
2 ,7 8 9
28*963
3 4,653
59,376
16 ,4 9 2

486*417
48*345
9 0 ,4 4 8
16 6 ,4 4 3
181* 181

127,985
14r 955
25 ,5 9 9
4 6 ,12 9
4 1 ,3 0 2

4 0 6 ,2 14
9 8 ,1 2 1
13 7 ,4 4 2
2 9 ,0 13
14 3 ,6 3 8
,

5,645
10 ,8 1 6

287
1,190

2,931
2,062
1 ,1 7 6

9,465
41

474
332
1 ,6 3 1
273
1 ,0 0 9
638
3 ,5 6 8
1 ,1 9 9

13,176
1 ,6 2 1
2 ,7 3 9

4,590
4 ,2 2 6

94*624 13 ,9 8 0
2 0 ,9 3 1 2 ,9 5 8
33,0 0 3 2 ,8 6 9
945
6 ,0 9 6
34,594 7 ,2 0 8
1,4 1 3
3 ,3 10

f i' ?

236

544

25

POPULATION---- MARITAL CONDITION

No. 22.— MARITAL CONDITION OF PERSONS 16 TEARS OF •ASE AND OVER;
CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES
, ■7
■
[N otk.—T he number divorced is considered to be understated}

Males 15years and over
Class

Number
1010

A classes................... 32,435,805
H
Single..................... 12,550,129
18,092,600
Married__ ___
Widowed................ 1.471,390
Divorced................. 156,162
Unknown______
155,624
N white................. 22,018,232
ative
Single..................... 9,091,366
Married.................. 11,821,805
Widowed___ ___ 889,662
112,144
Divorced................
103,255
Unknown____ _
_
H white, native parative
entage....................... 16,233,095
Single..................... 6,185,324
Married.................- 9,144,099
Widowed................ 728,883
Divorced........... .....
87,456
87,333
Unknown_______
H white, foreign par­
ative
entage....................... 4,059,778
Single..................... 1,989,127
Married___ -....... : 1,926,975
Widowed................ 117,046
16,471
Divorced........... .....
Unknown............. .
11,059
H white, mixed par­
ative
entage..... .................. 1,795,859
Single..................... 916,915
Married........... ...... 751,631
Widowed-..............
43,733
Divorced........... .....
8,217
Unknown_______
4,863
Foreign-bornwhite........ 7,139,893
Single..................... 2,268,916
Married............... _ 4,432,135
_
W
idowed................ 384,726
Divorced.............. .
23,059
Unknown................
31,057
H _............ ........... 3,059,312
egro _
Single.... ........ ....... 1,083.472
Married.................. 1,749,228
Widowed................ 189,970
Divorced.............. .
20,146
Unknown............. .
16,496
Indian.........................
80,383
Single.....................
27,391
Married..................
46,154
5,319
W
idowed................
679
Divorced................840
Unknown.-—
____
Chinese,Japanese, andall
other.-...................... 127,985
Single,....................
78,984
Married..................
43,278
1,713
Widowed____ __
134
Divorced.................
Unknown ______
3,876

mo

Percent
1910 mo

Number
1910

1920

Percent
1916 1920

36,920,663
12,967,565
21,849,266
1,758,308
235,284
110,240
26,083,047
9,927,618
14,795,171
1,111,115
175,713
73,430

100.0
38.7
55.8
4.5
0.6
0.5
100.0
41.3
53.7
4.0
0.6
0.5

100.0
36.1
59.2
4.8
0.6
0.3
100.0
381
56.7
4.3
0.7
0.3

30,047,525
8,933,170
17,684,687
3,170,228
185,068
68,172
21,411,031
7,097,139
12,228,008
1,905,878
130,259
49,747

85,177,515
'9,616,902
21,318,933
3,917,625
273,304
50,751
25,740,856
7,936,933
15,086,735
2,480,407
200,909
35,872

100.0
29.7
58.9
iae
0.6
0.2
100.0
33.1
57.1
8.9
a6
0.2

19,092,107
6,776,518
11,244,289
874,821
134, 789
61,690
4,792,911
2,141,310
2,445, 29
1
171,612
26,197
8,501
2,198,029
1,009,790
1,105,591
64,682
14,727
3,239
7,262,530
1,855,047
4,902,942
438, 049
31,950
24,551
3,393,211
1,104,877
2,050,407
200,734
26,689
10,504
76,321
26,450
43,095
5*711
680
385
115,545
63,573
67,651
2,699
252
1,370

100.0
38.1
56.3
4.5
0.5
0.5
100.0
49.0
47.4
2.9
0.4
0.3
100.0
53.1
43.6
2.6
0.5
0.3
100.9
31.8
62.1
5.4
0.3
0.4
100.0
35.4
57.2
6.2
0.7
0.5
100.0
34,1
67.4
6.6
0.8
1.0
100.0
61.7
33.8
1.3
0.1
3.0

100.0
35.5
589
4.6
0.7
0.3
100.0
44.7
51.0
3.6
0.6
0.2
too.o
45.9
50.3
2.9
0.7
0.1
too.o
,25.6
^7.0
6.0
0.4
as
100.0
32.0
60.4
5.9
0.8
a3
100.0
34.7
56.5
*6
9.9

15,623,900
4,644,122
9,219,385
1,623,560
100,053
36,780
4,092,572
1,660,120
2,128,165
270,348
18,987
8,952

18,529,748
5,268,490
11,105,866
1,885,000
152,743
27,650
4,906,547
1,791,271
2,648,054
431,821
29,535
5,866
2,304,561
877,172
1,242,810
163,586
18,631
2,356
5,913,985
835,799
4,123,503
919,255
27,656
7,772
3,428,100
825,258
2,039,181
507,961
43,871
6,829
70,431
16,238
£*,923
9,217
826
- 237
39,143
2,074
25,591
786
42
51

100.0 100.0
29.9 28.4
59.4 60.4
9.8 iaa
0.6 0.8
0.2 a i
100.0 100.0
4a 6 36,5
52.0 640
6.8 _ 88
as ae
a2 M
100.0 ioo.o
44.2 38.1
49.1 53.9
5.9 7.1
0.6 0.3
0.2 a i
100.0 100.0
1& l i t
3
66.5 09,7
14 7 15.5
0.4 0.5
a i 0.1
100.0 100.0
2a 6 241
67.2 50.6
14 8 148
1.1 1.3
a3 a2
100.0 ioao
21.2 *03.1
03.8 02:4
13.1 13.1
1.2 1.2
0.7 a3
O
100.0 tO.Q
16.6 9.2
700 87.8
3.5 . 2.7
0.2 ai
a 7 0.2

Source: Bureau ofthe Census, Department of Com erce,
m




Females 15years and over

as

100.0
46.4
49.9
2.3
0.2
1.2

1,794,659
792,897
880,458
105,970
11,219
4,016
6,446,306
994,110
3,624,003
800,112
20,542
7,639
3,103,344
823,996
1,776,949
459,831
33,286
1V
<282;
76,082
16,324
49,095
ia»7i
959
533
9,662
1,661
7,632
336
32
71

100.0
27.3
60.6
U.1
0.8
ax
ItitM
30.8
68.0
0.6
0.8
0.^

26

POPULATION— ILLITERACY

No. 23. —ILLITERATE PERSONS 10 YEARS OP AGE AND OVER, CONTINENTAL
UNITED STATES AND BY GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS
[Note.—F o r d e fin itio n o f u rb a n p o p u la tio n , see T a b le 34. I llite r a c y in th is
fin ed as in a b ility t o w r it e in a n y lan gu ag e, regardless o f a b i li t y t o re a d .
o f to ta l persons o f g iv e n class a n d age]

A ll c la sse s1
D iv isio n , sex, an d age
N um ber

UnitedStates, 1920___

4 ,9 3 1 ,9 0 0

2, 540,209
M a le s .....................
F em a les___ - ............... 2 ,391, 696
598,794
1 0 t o 20 y e a rs ..............
2 1 y e a rs a n d o v e r ___ 4,333, 11 1
1,9 5 5 ,11 2 ,
87, 671
1 0 t o 20 y e a rs ___ ____
2 1 y e a rs a n d o v e r___ 1,8 6 7 ,4 4 1

Urban, total............ .

Rural, total____________ 2 ,9 7 6 ,7 8 3

1 0 t o 20 y e a r s ..........— 5 1 1 ,1 2 3
2 1 y e a rs a n d o v e r — 2 ,4 6 5 ,6 7 0
1910___ _ 5 ,5 16 ,16 3

United States,

1 0 t o 20 y e a rs ............... 9 4 6 ,14 6
2 1 y e a rs a n d o v e r . - - 4 ,5 7 0 ,0 1 7
U rb a n , t o t a l ............. . 1 ,7 4 8 ,8 3 0
R u ra l, to ta l* ............. * 3 ,7 6 7 ,3 3 3

N a tiv e w h ite ,
n a tiv e
p a ren tag e

N a tiv e w h ite ,
fo reign or
m ixed p a r­
entage
P er
cen t

N um ber

6 .0 1 ,1 0 9 ,8 7 5

2 .5 132,697

0 .8

1 ,7 6 3 ,7 4 0

4 .4
0 .9
5 .5

6 14 .6 1 2
495,263
17 1,5 6 4
9 3 8 ,3 11
155,493
19 ,2 9 4
1 3 6 ,1 9 9

0 .8
8 6 6 ,822
8 9 6 ,9 18
0 .7
0 .6
56,595
a o 1 ,7 0 7 ,1 4 5
0 .6 1,3 2 7 ,5 2 0
0 .3
2 7 ,4 9 0
0 .6 1,3 0 0 ,0 3 0

7 .7
4 .3
9 .1

954,382
15 2 ,2 7 0
8 0 2 ,1 1 2

2 .7 70,0 9 5
2 .3 6 2 ,6 0 2
1 . 3 30,3 3 9
3 .0 10 2,358
0 .8 55,620
0*4 1 0 ,4 4 1
1 . 0 4 5 ,1 7 9
3 .8 7 7 ,0 7 7
1 . 9 19 ,8 9 8
4 .8 6 7 ,1 7 9

7 .7

1,3 7 8 ,8 8 4

0 .0
5 .9
2 .7
7 .1

N um ber

3 .7

7 .1
1 .1
8 .5
6 .9
9*0

0 .5
0 .3
0 .6
94
1 .1

76 0 ,0 10
10 ,7 8 3
749,227
6 34,749
12 5 ,2 6 1
3 4 2 ,8 3 2
3 ,6 6 7
3 3 9 ,16 5
2 8 0 ,567
62,265

1 5 .7
2 .9
1 6 .7
1 5 .1
1 8 .9
1 0 .8
1 .8
1 1 .4
1 1 .3
8 .8

26, 587
1,0 5 6
24 ,5 3 1
19,643
5 ,944
32,052
968
3 1,0 8 4
26,308
5,744

5 .0
1 .1
6 .0
4 .4
9 .0
7 .3
1 .2
8 .7
6 .8
1 0 .8

14,678
1,9 5 6
12, 722
4 ,8 4 6
9 ,8 3 2
3 ,878
605
3 ,2 7 3
1,9 4 9
1,9 2 9

9 5
9 3
9 6
95
0 .6
0 .9
9 5
1 .1
96
1 .9

86,760
2 ,1 6 2
84,6 9 8
45,3 0 3
4 1,4 5 7

6 .4
3 .2
6 .5
7 .5
5 .5

39,757
972
3 8 ,7$5
24 ,6 9 0
15 ,0 6 7

1 2 .8
4 ,0
13. 5
1 1 .2
1 6 .4

24,887
1 ,3 3 7
23,550
15 ,907
8 ,9 8 0
812 ,8 4 2
148,607
664,235
16% 827
65 0 ,0 15

10 .5
27
12 5
8 .6
1 6 .9
2 5 .2
1 3 .4
3 1 .5
1 7 .2
2 8 .6

1 .6
98
1 .6
98
3 .2

6 ,4 3 7
208
6 ,249
4 ,0 2 6
2 ,4 3 1

9 .1
5 .2
9 .3
8 .4
1 0 .5

536,583
98*580
438,003
9 8 ,864
43 7 ,7 19

2 7 .9
1 5 .4
3 4 .1
2 0 .6
3 0 .3

128,725
2 4 ,6 4 9
9 ,9
10 4 ,0 7 6
5 ,2
2 .8 • 47,7 8 8
8 0,987
9 .7
1 .0
55,422
1 .0
5,463
49,9 5 9
1 .0
17 ,0 9 6
9 6
1 .3
38 ,3 2 6
86,570
0 .4
4 ,0 6 8
0 .3
8 2 ,5 0 2
94
46,797
9 3
96
39,7 7 3

2 9 .9
3 3 .8
2 9 .1
2 3 .1
3 6 .3

402,233
7 8,364
323,869
7% 397
329,836

2 5 .3
1 4 .9
3 0 .5
1 6 .1
2 9 .0

1 2 .7
1 2 ,9
1 2 .7
9 .7
1 4 .8

1,4 5 7
71
1,3 8 6
701
756

5 .3
1 .8
5 .8
4 .8
5 .8

1 ,9 1 3
50
1 ,8 6 3
1,4 6 6
447

4 .8
0,7
5 .4
4 .1
8 .5

2 ,626
235
2 ,3 9 1
1,0 0 3
1,6 2 3

W South Central,
est

1920............... r ...........
10 to 20 y e a rs ...............
21 y e a rs a n d o v e r ___
U rb a n , t o t a l................
R u ra l, to ta l.................
1920...............
1 0 to 20 y e a r s .._____
21 y e a rs a n d o v e r ___
U rb a n , t o t a l................
R u ra l, t o t a l.................
1 9 2 0 ....................
10 to 20 y e a rs ...............
21 y e a rs a n d o v e r ___
U rb a n , t o t a l................
R u ra l, t o t a l.................

M
ountain,
Pacific,

8.8

773,637
16 2 ,2 7 4
6 11 ,3 6 3
146,820
6 2 6 ,8 17

1 0 .0
6 .5
1 1 .7
6 .1
1 1 .8

199,408
4 2 ,2 3 1
15 7 ,17 7
19 ,3 0 7
18 0 ,10 1

3 .9
2 .6
4 .6
1 .3
5 .0

35 ,0 2 1
15 ,6 9 1
19 ,3 3 0
6 ,8 1 9
28 ,2 0 2

132,659
19 ,2 7 5
1 1 3 ,3 8 4
2 5,395
107,264

5 .2
2 .9
6 .0
2 .6
6 .8

3 5 ,16 3
5 ,0 2 7
3 0 ,13 6
4 ,9 6 7
3 0,206

2 .4
1 .1
3 .0
0 .9
3 .3

123,435
7 ,19 5
11 6 ,2 4 0
6 1,9 2 0
6 1 ,5 1 5

2 .7
0 .8
3 .2
2 .1
3 .7

8 ,5 1 6
1 ,1 6 6
7 ,3 5 0
3 ,645
4 ,9 7 1

0 .4
0 .2
0 .4
0 ,3
0 .6

5,697
1,6 2 0
4*077
1,4 7 3
4,224
4 ,6 0 0
864
3,736
2,267
2,333

So u rce: B u rea u o f th e C en su s, D e p a rtm e n t o f C om m erce.
a n d o th e r n o n w h ites.

1 FRASER
Digitized for In clu d es In d ia n s, C h in ese, Ja p a n e se ,


13 .4
4 .4
1 6 .0
2 8 .5
1 6 .1
3 5 .7

4 ,6 0 7
141
4 ,4 6 6
4*057
550

3 .1
8 .4
2 .3
7 .8

EastSouthCentral, 1920

2 3 .5
223
1 3 .0
2 7 .4

1 4 .0
3 .4
1 4 .8
1 4 .0
1 3 .7

299,026
4 6 ,0 9 1
252, 934
2 2,409
2 7 6 ,6 16

South Atlantic,

2 2 .9

3 0 .4

5 .4
2 .7
6 .6
1 .8
7 .0

%
0

1 ,8 4 2 ,1 6 1

2 0 .0
3 5 .7
1 7 .6
3 6 .0

352,907
6 5 ,3 1 2
297, 595
3 7 ,2 7 1
315 ,6 3 6

W N Central,
est orth

2.2
2.0

1 3 .1

94% 368
1 1 .7
899,793
1 4 .8
32 9 ,17 4
5 .7
1 3 .7 1,51% 987
4 0 2 ,17 0
1 3 .0
29,8 7 5
3 .6
37% 295
1 3 .8
1 3 .3 1,4 3 9 ,9 9 1
299,299
1 2 .7
1 3 .3 1 ,1 4 0 ,6 9 2

P er
cent

1 2 .7 2 ,2 2 7 ,7 8 1

1 .1
0 .4
1 .4
0 .6
1 .4

1 0 t o 2 0 y e a rs _______
2 1 y e a rs a n d o v e r . . , .
U rb a n , t o t a l............ ..
R u r a l, t o t a l . . ..........

1 .1

N um ber

1 1 .1
4 8 5 ,083
1 2 .9 1,74% 648
39% 974
12. 5
1 3 .3 1,834*757

59,954
6 ,7 0 8
53 ,2 4 6
1 2 ,9 1 7
47 ,0 3 7

EastN Central, 1920
orth

4 3 6 ,220
2 9 ,1 0 5
4 0 7 ,1 1 5

P er
cen t

1,6 5 0 ,3 6 1

193,221
1920______ ________
1 0 t o 20 y e a rs ____
12 ,6 0 5
0 .6
2 1 y e a r s a n d o v e r ___
18 0 ,6 16
2 .5
U r b a n , t o t a l..........—
7 9 ,4 1 5 1
R u r a l, t o t a l.................
113 ,8 0 6
1 ,9
1920___ 1,2 1 2 ,9 4 2 1 1 .5
1 0 t o 20 y e a r s - - .......... 2 0 6 ,17 8
6 ,2
2 1 y e a rs a n d o v e r___ 1,0 0 6 ,7 6 4 1 4 .0
U rb a n , t o t a l................ 227,055
6 .4
R u ra l, t o t a l................. 985,887 1 4 .1
845,459 1 2 .7
1 0 t o 20 y e a rs ..............
145,361
6 .8
21 y e a rs a n d o v e r ___
700,098 1 5 .5
U rb a n , t o t a l................ 126,354
7 .7
R u ra l, t o t a l ................. 7 19 ,1 0 5 14 .3

2 1 y e a r s a n d o v e r ___
U r b a n , t o t a l ................
R u r a l, t o t a l . . ........... -

1 .4
1* 2
1 .5

Negro

0 .8
14 2 ,8 6 8
1 . 3 1 ,5 0 7 ,4 9 3
0 .7 1 ,1 5 7 ,6 2 4
1 .9
492,837
0 .8
257,207
a3
4 ,6 2 3
1 .1
252,584
0 .6
226,504
1 .9
30,703

165,388

52,924
5 ,4 8 1
47,443
19 ,4 2 0
33,5 0 4
88,793
7 ,4 2 1
8 1 ,3 7 2
3 0,787
58,006

Middle Atlantic, 1880..
1 0 to 20 years.........

289,700
8 ,8 7 4
280,826
245,299
4 4 ,401
865,382
2 1,8 0 0
843, 582
69 1,2 2 6
17 4 ,15 6
495,470
1 5 ,2 3 2
480,238
3 5 1,6 2 8
14 3 ,8 4 2

4 .7
265,457
8 . 9 1 ,1 1 3 ,4 2 7
12 8 ,9 3 7
5 .1
i a i 1,2 4 9 ,9 4 7
4 .9
13 .1 8 5
0 .7
2 ,1 2 7
1 1 ,0 5 8
6 .1
5 .2
4 ,8 8 0
3 .6
8 ,3 0 5

P er
cent

4 .9
0 .6
6 .3
5 .2
4 .0
2 .9
0 .4
3 .7
3 .3

1 0 t o 20 y e a rs ...............
2 1 y e a rs a n d o v e r ___
U rb a n , t o t a l................
R u r a l, t o t a l— ......... *

F oreign -b orn
w h ite

N um ­
b er

Per
cen t

2 .3 3 6 ,4 7 0
4 .3 1 1 8 ,9 1 8
0 . 9 68,9 6 4
6 .4 9 6 ,4 2 4
0 .6 13 ,7 5 9
0 .4
1 ,9 5 4
0 .6 11 ,8 0 5
0 .3
9 ,0 6 4
1 .1
4 ,7 0 6
0 .7 24 ,0 4 8
0 .3
4 ,3 8 4
0 ,9 19 ,6 6 4
0 .4 15, 361
1 ,2
8 ,6 8 7
1 .0 28 ,3 9 0
0 .3
3 ,0 3 0
1 . 3 25,3 6 0
0 .7 12 ,8 4 $
1 .3
15 ,5 4 2

H England, 1920___
ew

and

su b se q u e n t tables is de­
P e r cen ts re p re se n t p ro p o rtio n

0*6
0 .2
0.8

94
1 .0

6.6

8.6

5 .7
8 .8
7 .0
1 1 .6

27

POPULATION---- ILLITERACY

No. 24. —ILLITERATE PERSONS 10 YEARS OF A6E AND OVER AND 21 YEARS
OF AGE AND OVER, 1920
Number of illiterate persons 10 years of age and over
S ta te and division

All classes1
Total

Males

Females

Native
white

Foreign*
bora
white

Negro

Illiterate persons
of voting age

Males

C o n tin e n ta l
United States. 4,931,905 2,540,209 2,391,696 1,242,672 1,763,740 1,842,161 2,192,368

Females

2,140,743

Hew England..........
Maine.....................
New Hampshire.. .
Vermont.................
Massachusetts____
Rhode Island_____
Connecticut___

289,700
20,240
15,788
8,488
146,607
31,312
67,265

140,280
12,421
8,246
5,156
68,423
14,168
31,866

149,420
7,819
7,542
3,332
78,184
17,144
36,399

28,844
8,396
1,973
3,613
7,780
2,255
2,9^

257,207
11,604
13,746
4,837
135,720
28,169
63,131

4,607
64
33
28
%565
839
1,078

135,882
11,310
7,973
4,957
66,729
13,723
31,190

144,944
7,262
7,284
3,195
76,021
16,596
34,586

Middle Atlantic_____
New York..............
New Jersey............
Pennsylvania.........

865,382
425,022
127,661
312,699

413,458
188,363
61, 646
163,659

451,924
236,669
66,115
149,140

76,972
28,406
9,696
38,870

760,010
389,603
111,695
258,812

25, 587
6,032
6,910
14,645

403,400
184,213
60,076
159, 111

440,182
231,146
64,282
144,754

East North Central...
Ohio....................
Indiana...................
Illinois___________
Michigan------------Wisconsin___ ____

495,470
131,006
62,034
173,987
88,046
60,397

262,638
72,627
28,864
86,698
48,173
26,276

232,832
58,379
23,170
87,289
39,873
24,121

117,183
33,726
27,929
30,907
14,172
10,449

342,832
84,387
17,655
131,996
70,535
38,359

32, 052
1% 715
6,476
10,476
% 203
182

253,976
70,102
27,714
84,059
46,811
25,290

226,262
56,543
2% 433
85,068
38,802
23,416

West North Central...
Minnesota..............
Iowa.......................
Missouri.................
North Dakota........
South Dakota........
Nebraska....... ........
Kansas.......... .........

193,221
34,487
20,680
83.403
9,937
8,109
13,784
2% 821

101,744
17,413
11,353
45,444
4,681
3,806
6,999
12,048

91,477
17,074
9,327
37,959
5,256
4,303
6,785
10,773

74,632
5,955
8,275
47,066
1,307
1,490
3,360
7,179

86,760
26,242
11,004
17,669
7,238
3,848
9,468
11,291

24,887
241
1,283
18,528
16
35
556
4,228

94,196
16,473
10,608
41,625
4,365
3,540
6,507
11,078

86,420
16,396
8,836
35*723
5,008
4,100
6,465
9,892

South Atlantic............ 1,212, 942
10,508
Delaware.............. .
64,434
Maryland............. .
1<V509
Dist. of Columbia..
Virginia.................. 196,169
West Virginia........
69,413
N orth C arolina____ 241,603
South Carolina-™. 220,667
Georgia__________ 328,838
Florida...................
71,811

637,980
6,697
33,435
4,345
107,374
40,896

574,962
4,811
30,999
6,164
87,785
28,517

110,425
173,254

110,242
155,584

356,785
2,427
15,368
640
70,475
44,324
104,844
38,742
66,796

39,757
3,373
13, 575
1,728
2,160
14,548
474
391
861

812,842
4,700
35,404
8,053
12% 322
10,513
133,674
181,422
261,115

512,165
5,447
30*091
4,185
86,819
35,927
10%402
86,614
131,003

494,599
4,641
28*786
6,005
75*557
25,541
10% 090
9% 868
130,291

359,074
74,405
80,491
111, 997
9%181

941,024
81,830
7%672
116,568
89,954

310,753
50,376
110,821
20,718
12%838

800,610
"49,037
119,159
?1,358
111,066

East South Central___
K e n tu c k y ..................
T enn essee_________
A la b a m a ....................
M ississip p i................

West South Central.
A rk a n s a s .... ...............
L o u is ia n a ...................
O k la h o m a .................
T e x a s ...........................

Mountain...... ............
M o n ta n a .... ...............

Idaho......................
, Wyoming....... .........
Colorado.......... ........
New M e x ic o .............
A riz o n a ......................
Utah...... .................
N e v a d a .......................

Pacific.......... ................
W a sh in g to n ...............
O reg o n.......................
C a lifo rn ia ...................

125,302

845,459
155*014
182,629
278,082
229,734

37,252
447, 071
86,495
98,852
140,991
120,733

778,837
121,837
299,092
56,864
295,844

116, 301

34,559

13,169

2,657

55,639

301,651
11%206
101,809
65,394
22,242

400,795
63,959
148,081
32,347
156,408

398, 388
68,519
83,777
137,091
109,001
372,842
67,878
161,011
24,517
139,436

234,429
41,411
81,957
30,418
8%643

6,457 536, 583
2,244
40,548
79,532
1,263
1,893 L 210,690
1,05* 205*813
126,725 402,233
1,145
79,245
9,707 206.730
5,456
14,205
11% 417 10%053

132,859
9,544
4,924
3,149
24,208
41,637
39,131
6,264
3,802

66,395
5,357
3,085
2,180
11,587
18,235
19,984
3,678
2,289

86,264
4,187
1,839
969
12,621
23,402
19,147
2,686
1,513

40,860
1,067
914
421
8,621
25,519
3,233
925
157

55,422
1,457
87
5,178
%501
44
66
%233
14,224
619
228
7,250
19,291 "
338
3,504
59
1,241
16

123,435
18,526
9,317
95,592

69,848
10,479
5,689
53,780

63,587
8,047
3,728
41,812

13,116
2,379
1,990
8,747

86,570
11,630
5,172
69,768

Source; Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.

1,913
245
89
1,579

29,677

28,820

56,467
56,917
5,076
%,905
2,854
1,656
%049
891
10,558
.IX, 522
15,050 * 19*902
14,789
15,847
3,342
%337
%141
1,375
66*005
10,039
6,357
5%609

3,548
38,949

Digitized * The total includes 83,432 illiterate persons among the Indians, Chinese, Japanese, and other nonWhite
for FRASER
population.


28

POPULATION—^PERCENTAGE OP ILLITERACY
No. 25.— PERCENTAGE OF ILLITERACY
Per cent illiterate among persons 10 years of age and over

State and division

All
All
All classes males fe­
males

Native
white

Foreignborn white

Negro

Per cent
illiterate
among
persons of
voting age,
1920

Fe­
1010 1920 1920 1920 1910 1920 1910 1920 1910 1920 Males males
Continental United
States......................

7.7

6.0

6.0

6.9

3.0

2.0 12.7 13.1 30.4 22.9

Hew England......................
Maine___ ______ _______
Nsw Hampshire..............
Vermont__________ ____
Massachusetts.................
Rhode Island...................
Connecticut.....................

5.3
4 1
46
3.7
5.2
7.7

49
3.3
4 4
3.0
47
6.5

4.8
3.9
45
3.6
45

5.0
2.5
42
2.4
49
7.0

0.9

0,7

1.9
0.5
1.3

0.7
1.5
0.4
0.7
0.4

13.8
'13.7
14 5
13.1
12.7
17.3
15.4

Middle A tlan tia __ ______ _
New York_____________
New Jersey . ....................
Pennsylvania...................

6.7
5.5
5.6
5.9

0.6
as

16.8
13,7

East North Central....... ......
Ohio....................... .........
Indiana..........................
Illinois________________
Michigan._____ _______
Wisconsin........................

3.4
3.2
3.1
3.7
3.3
3.2,

West North Central............
Minnesota_______ _____
Iowa.................................
Missouri............ ..............
North Dakota..................
South Dakota..................
Nebraska................-........
Kansas________ _____ __

2.9

6.0

3.0
1.7
43
3.1
2.9
1.9

6.2
49

6.1

5.1
46
2.9

6.0
6.8

47
4.5
49
47

3.4
3.0
2.4

3.0
3.0
2.4
3.3
3.1
2.5

2.0
1.8
1.1

2.0
1.8
1.2

2.8

2.2

3.0

2.1

1.7
1.4

3.3
1.9
1.5
1.3
1.7

6.6
6.1

5.6
5.3
45

2.8

2.6
2.0

East South Central..............
Kentucky........................
Tennessee.........................
Alabama..........................
Mississippi.......................

1.9
1.9

1.4
0.5

0.9
0.4

7.6
7,6
6.3

a4

6.3

1.3

1.1

0.8

2.9
0.5
0.4

0.6
0.8

7.6
2.9

2.6

0.5

8.0

12.6 12.3
17.9 10.8

17.4

13.3
9.3

12.0

12.1

13.6
22.9
22.4

8.0
2.0

1.9
3.7

12.7
8.4
10.3
16.1
17.2

5.6

14 4
9.5

6.4

7.8
5.0
9.2

7.6
9.6
15.8
1&3

mo

10.0 10.0 10.0

5.8
7.0
13.4
3.3
43

9.4
21.9
3.8
8.3

6.2

2.3
1.5

2.1

3.2
15.6
15.3
1.9
5.9
2.7
1.7
1.5
3.3

11.2

16.4
18.1
9.6

9.1

21.6 22.2
41

3.4

47
2.3
1.7
2.5
2.9
12.7
13.9

5.7
2.3
1.3
1.5
3.6
ia 9
17.1

as

2.1

8.2

5.8

1.6
6.2

2.8

2.6
1.6

1.7

1.6

3.5

1.3
3.1

10.2

15.7
14 2

7.9
5.0
9.9
9,1

5.0
2.9

9.3
8,7

0.7
0.7

2.4
1.9
1.4

9.5
6.3

12.8

11.5
11.7

0.9

1.0
2.8

16. 5
17.0

0.9
0,9
1.3

10.1

9.7
9.9
5.2

2.9
0.4
0.3

13

1.8

0.8

0.6
2.0 10.1
0.4
0.4

0.6

6.0
7.1

ms

5.9 9.2
4 6 23.9
a2
&3
6.8
6.5
5.4
6.0
2.9 lft5

9.9
8.4

6.4
5.4
49
9.6
5.6
47
6.4
10.5

7.1
24.0

6.8
6.2

,5,4
6:3

6.4
7.0
7.3
6.3
3.6

9.7
a3
8.3
11.3
15.1

41
45

26.6 29.9
a 9 8.3
240 21.9
9.8 14 0
30.0 33.8

ms

2.3
3.0

9.1
7.3
8.3

mo

13.3

2.0 12.5 12.7

a3

0.3
a 8
1.4

11.6
2.1

0.4
0.3
0.4
0.5

0.4
a3
0.4
a4

0.3
0.4

9.4
6.9
9.7
11,3
31.0
31.5
5.9
7.6

8.0

48

6.1

mo

48

8.1

10.8 11.0
12.6 11.1
11.8 13.7
11.0 i a s

5.1 13.6 12.8
1.8 19.8 17.3
1.8 11.9 13.4
8.2 6.1
0.3

14 9
42
0.4
0.4

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.



10.1

8.0

7.1
5,9
a7
a2

me

1.4
1.5

2.1

7.8

15.4
11.3

0.6 14.7 15.3
0.8 20.1 i a o

7.2
13.7
18.3
16.2
9.6

Mountain............................. 6.9
Montana.......................... 4 8
Idaho................................ 2.2
Wyoming......................... 3.3
Colorado........................... 3.7
New Mexico............ ........ 20.2
Arizona............................ 20.9
Utah................................. 2.5
Nevada............... ............ 6.7
Washington......................
Oregon............... ..............
California.........................

1.0
0.8

11.1

0.9
1.3

8.3
6.4
18.5 13.1
25. 7 18.1
20.7 15.3
13.8 9.6

West South Central............. 13.2
Arkansas.......................... 12.6
Louisiana......................... 29.0
Oklahoma,....................... 6.6
Texas......................... .
9.9

Pacific..........................

0.6

1.6

3.4
2.9
2.4

2.2 1.6
1.6
South Atlantic..................... 10.0 11.5 12.1 11.0
Delaware....... ................. 8.1
5.9 6.2
5.5
Maryland......................... 7.2
6.6 5.7 5.4
District of Columbia....... 4 9 2.8
2.5
3.0
Virginia............................ 15.2 11.2 12.1 10.2
West Virginia_____ ____
North Carolina...............
South Carolina................
Georgia_______ _______
Florida.............................

2.0
1.1

140

5.6

as

5.7
45

ai
ai
7.3

ai

9.5

a7

42
41

14 9 10.6
3.4 3.1
lft3
ai
17.4 12.1
48
40
5.5
5.2
7.2 4 8

7.3

6.2

6.9
6.7
6,3

6.2

3.7
3,8
3.0
41
3.9
3.2

2.6

2.2

1.4
40
2.5
1.9
1.7

3.1
5.2
3.0

6.1

as
8.4
6.6
7.1

ao

5.9

3.6

3.3

2.6

44
3.8

a2

2.5

2.6

1.3

aa

3.5

2.6

1.9

12.0

as

2.1

ao

32.5
25.6
23.4

25.2

13.9
7.0

30.0
20.3
31.9
3a7
3a 5
25.5

23.5
15.3
245
29.3
29.1
21.5

14 0
7.7
6.9
3.0
141
a9
17.0
22,3
18.4

ms

19.1

18.2
8.6

10.6

a?
a6

ia i
7.3

ms

23.8
ia 4
11.3
l£ 2
9.8

348 27.9
27.6 21.0
27.3 22.4
40.1 31.3
35.6 29.3

16.7
11.3
13,2
19.5
20.9

33.1
26. 4
48. 4
17.7
246

38.5
12.4
17.8

23.6
49
9.6

2a2

5.3

6.4
2.7

6.6

ao

7.0

a4

9.0
12.4
27.1
27.5
6.3
8.5

5.0
8.S
14 2
7.2
48
6.5

ao
47

as
43
3.4
7.1

6.1
10.6

as

a2

7.0
ao
47
5.6
46
5.7
7.6
7.4

25.3

11.3
21.8 11.1

6.0

5.4
5.3
a2
43
46
46

6.1

46
40
47
47

2.1

2.9

as

14 7
14 5

2.8
a4

as

iao
ms

20.7

12.1
11,8
45
9.7
2.9

1.6

1.9
44
241
ias
a2
7,3

2.1

10
l l

40

16

ao

1.6

D W E L L IN G S

AND

FAM ILIES

29

No. J2G.--DWELLINGS. FAMILIES, AND TENURE OF HOMES, BY STATES, 1920
F a m ilie s having*hom es—

S ta te an d d ivisio n

T o ta l
d w ellin gs

T o ta l
fam ilies

O w ned
R e n te d
F re e

Continental United States

1920....................
1M _ ______
0_

20,697,204 84,351,676
17,806,845 20,256,566

,598
895

M o rt­
gaged

U n­
known

T e n u re
un­
know n

4,059,593 285,248
2,931,895 167,732

541, US
473,949

Hew England............ . ........
Maine_____________ __
New Hampshire________
Vermont......................... _
Massachusetts..................
Rhode Island............ .......
Connecticut...... .............

1,255,864
162,304
92,184
77,158
597,052
98,861
228,405

1,703,812
186,106
108,334
85,804
874,798
137,160
311,610

1, 010, 586
73,860
53,159
35,706
564,097
92,800
190,964

335,763
80,540
36,195
29,029
126,312
19,882
43,788

322,064
25,979
15,193
18,671
171,741
21,352
69,228

10,507
2,310
1,390
, 770
3,192
680
2,165

24,902
3,417
2,397
1,728
9,456
2,439
6,465

Middle Atlantic...................
New York_____ ______
New Jersey_____ ______
Pennsylvania-----. ------. ..
East Worth Central....... ........
Ohio....... .........................
Indiana.................. .........
Illinois..............................
Michigan..............
...
Wisconsin.........................

3,566,549
1,625,114
615,211
1,726,224

6,085,080
2,441,125
721,841
1 922,114
^

3.144.533
1,67(1,088
438,911
1.035.534

934,703
342,452
101,698
490,653

892,787
381,778
165,844
345,167

36,633
14,610
4,472
17,651

76,424
32,299
11,016
33,109

A 385,541
1,216,542
696,466
1,190,414
755,931
626,188

6,143,913
1,414,068
737,707
1,634,077
862,745
595,316

2,407,639 1,510,174 1,069,927
673,858 432,804 271,872
139, 796
326,192 243,851
268,446
846,071 370,221
349,054 268,287 220.467
212,464
169,346
195,011

63,951
14,421
11,755
19,593
10,717
7,465

92,222
21.113
16.113
29,746
14,220
11,030

West North Central...............
Minnesota.................. .
Iowa....... ..............
...
Missouri............-.............
North Dakota........... .......
South Dakota... .......... .....
Nebraska................... . . . .
Kansas— .................. .....

3,718,988 2,957,849
469,652
526,026
559,188
686,070
717,256
829,043
129,905
134,881
142,793
136,512
288,390
303,436
416,065
435,600

1,257,816

952,049
181,253
205,115
229,129
37,268
46,438
99/716
153,131

661,238
123,786
119,289
163,824
43.375
34,621
63,973
82,370

43,484
7,328
8,163
8,714
4,261
3,653
5,410
5,955

73,262
11,437

239,880
409,068
45,050
53,099
125,713
182,784

South Atlantic......................
Delaware..........................
Maryland.....................
District of Columbia.-T
_..
Virginia— ......................
West Virginia...................
North Carolina.................
South Carolina_________
Georgia----------------------Florida..........................

9,781,684 2,991,623
47,868
52,070
288,261
324,742
96,194
72,175
450,229
483,363
310,068
293,002
495,269
613,377
330,500
349,126
628,625
586,509
234,133
217,871

1,684,938
28,287
160,219
65,654
231,563
160,528
261,303
227,657
421,047
128,678

896,122
12^358
94,695
12,354
187,547
109,732
186,460
80,911
141,899
70,166

281,864
9,672
60,857
15.376
48,614
26,477
38,498
21,977
39,646
20,848

43,228
799
3,710
774
5,901
6,153
10,884
6,291
6,740
3,976

85,478
954
5,261
2,037
9,738
8,208
13,290
19,293
10,465

East South Central.. .............
Kentucky.......................
Tennessee...... ..................
Alabama....__________
Mississippi------------------

1,867,167
510,981
488, 392
480,392
387,402

1,977,381
546,306
619,108
508,769
403,198

1,101,352
258,643
264,982
319,766
257,971

617,867
209,239
186/199
124,456
97,473

181,669
59,846
50,056
41,445
30,322

24,095
6,908
5,620
6,462
5,105

52,898
11,670
12,251
16,650
12,327

West South Central... ...........
Arkansas..........................
Louisiana.........................
Oklahoma.........................
Texas................................

8,110,879 2,842,810
375, 316
390,960
389,913
370,377
444,524
418,557
946,629 1,017,413

1,252,703
208,491

613,789
lf9,279
94,420
109,001

262,404
46,727
24,515
74,686
116,576

37,185
6,247
7,475
1A253
14,210

78,729

743,775
130,670
95,299
44,710
211,103
78,024
73,673
89,587
20,709

803,863
139,912
100,500
48,476
230,843
83,706
80,208
98,346
21,862

349,755
63,362
38,013
22,271
109,501
32,907
44,163

269,907
43,776
30,974
14,167
71,155

149.468
35,559
26,957
8,579
43,244

23,059

10,940

24,605
38,842
7,795

7,797
17,582
1,532

11,674
2,505
1,277
1,314
2,382
1,351
673
1,561
611

1,268,877
304,735
185,081
778,861

1,445,350
342,228
202,890
900,232

734,878
161,513
89,588
493,177

392,255
106,729
66,491
219,035

268,182
72,655
40,054
156,473

14,491

96,144

Mountain........................ .....
Montana..........................
Idaho...............................
Wyoming.........................
Colorado.. .......................
New Mexico...................
Arizona............................
Utah................................
Nevada............................
Pacific.................................
Washington......................
gon..............................
ifomia.................. .—

202; 222

231,813
"563,597

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce*




J J *

2,227
8,326

4,927
4,982
8,625
11,360

16,232

11,216
14,701
18,871
31,941
4,710
8,279

4*5

2,647
984
7,393
4,530

3 4 ,2 3 1

DWELLINGS AND FAMILIES

No. 37.— AVERAGE NUMBER OF PERSONS PER DWELLING AND PER FAMILY
AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF FAMILIES ACCORDING TO TENURE
OF HOME, BY STATES
[N ote.—In c o m p u tin g th e p ercen tag es o f te n u re th e n u m b e rs re p re se n tin g th e u n k n o w n ite m s as to
p ro p rie to rsh ip a n d en c u m b ra n c e h a v e b een d is trib u te d in th e sam e p ro p o rtio n as th e k n o w n ite m s]

A v e ra g e
A v e ra g e
p ersons p er persons p er
d w ellin g
fa m ily

P e r cen t o f to ta l n u m b e r of
fam ilies (1920) h a v in g hom es—

1910

O w ned
R e n te d O w ned O w ned en cu m ­
free
bered

P e r cen t o f
o w n ed hom es,
1920

S ta te or d ivisio n
19 2 0

1910

19 2 0

F ree

En­
cu m ­
b ered

C o ntinental U n ited States

6 .2

6 .1

4 .5

A3

6A4

4 6 .6

2 8 .2

17 5

6 1 .7

3 8 .3

H ew E ngland___ .......................
M a i n e .....................................
N e w H a m p s h ire ^ —_____
V e r m o n t :____ ____________
M a s s a c h u s e tts— ...................
R h o d e I s la n d .........................
C o n n e c tic u t___ ______ _____

6 .0
4 .7
4 .8
4 .6
6 .6
6 .8
6 .1

6 .9
4 .7
4 .8
4 .6
6 .5
6 .1
6 .0

4 .5
4 .2
4 .2
4 .2
4 .6
4 .6
4 .5

A3
4 .1
4 .1
4 .1
4 .4
A 4
4 .4

6 0 .2
4 0 .4
5 0 .2
4 2 .6
6 5 .2
6 8 .9
6 2 .4

3 9 .8
6 9 .6
4 9 .8
67 5
318
3 1 .1
3 7 ,6

2 0 .4
4 5 .0
3 5 .1
3 5 .1
1A 8
1 5 .0
1 4 .6

1 9 .6
1A 5
1 4 .7
2 2 .4
2 0 .1
1 6 .1
2 3 .0

6 1 .1
7 5 .6
7 0 .4
6 1 .0
4 2 .4
4 8 ,2
3 8 .7

4 8 .9
2A 4
2 9 .6
3 9 .0
5 7 .6
6 1 .8
6 1 .3

K id d le A tlan tic.................. .......
N ew Y o r k ..................... ..........
N ew J e r s e y .............................
P e n n s y lv a n ia .........................

6 .2
7 .7
6 .2
6 .1

6 .2
7 .8
6 .1
5 .1

A 6
4 .5
A 5
4 .7

A4
A3
A 4
A 5

62.8
6 9 .3
6 1 .7
5A 8

3 7 .2
3 0 .7
3 8 .3
4 5 .2

19 .0
1A 5
1 4 .5
2 6 .6

18 .2
1 6 .2
2 3 .7
1 8 .7

6 1 .2
4 7 .3
3 8 .0
6 8 .7

4a 8
5 2 .7
6 2 .0
4 1 .3

East n o rth C en tral....................
O h io ......... ...............................
I n d ia n a .....................................
Illin o is ......................... _______
M ic h ig a n .................................
W isc o n sin ................................

4 .0
4 .7
4 .3
6 .6
4 .5
5 .0

4 .9
4 .7
4 .2
6 .4
4 .9
5 .0

A3
4 .2
A 1
A 5
A3
A 7

A 2
4 .1
4 .0
4 .2
A3
4 .4

4 7 .7
4 8 .4
4 5 .2
56. 2
4 1 .1
3 6 .4

6 2 .3
6 1 .6
5 4 .8
4 3 .8
5 8 .9
6 3 .6

3 0 .6
3 1 .7
3 4 .8
2 5 .4
3 2 .3
3 4 .1

2 1 .7
1 9 .9
2 0 .0
10 4
2 6 .6
2 9 .6

68. 6
6 1 .4
6 3 ,6
5 8 .0
5A 9
5 3 .5

4 1 .5
3 8 .6
3 6 .4
4210
4 5 .1
4a 5

W est N orth C e n tra l...................
M in n e s o t a ..............................
Io w a ......... — „ ——..............
M i s s o u r i ..—...................... . .
N o rth D a k o ta ........ ...............
S o u th D a k o ta ..........- ...........
N e b ra s k a .................................
K a n s a s ..,................. ..............

4 .8
5 .6
4 .5
4. 9
4 .9
4 .6
4 .6
4 .4

4 .6
6 .1
4 .3
4 .7
5 .0
4 .7
4 .5
4 .3

A 5
6 .0
4 .3
A 4
4 .8
4. 5
4 .6
A3

A2
A 5
A 1
A 1
A 8
4 .5
A3
4 .1

4 3 .6
3 9 .3
4 1 .9
5 0 .5
3A 7
3 8 .5
4 2 .6
4 3 .1 t

5 6 .4
60 7
5 8 .1
4 9 .5
6 5 .3
6 1 .6
5 7 .4
5 6 .9

3 3 .9
301
3 6 .7
2 8 .9
3 0 .2
3 5 .2
3 4 .9
3 7 .0

22.5
2A6
2 1 .4
2 0 .7
3 5 .1
2 6 .3
2 2 .4
1 9 .9

6 0 .1
5 9 .4
6 3 .2
5 8 .3
4 6 .2
6 7 ,3
6 0 .9
6 5 .0

3 9 .9
4 0 .6
3 6 .8
4 1 .7
5 3 .8
4 2 .7
3 9 .1
3 5 .0

South A tla n tic .......—„ ...............
D e la w a re ..................................
M a r y la n d .................... ............
D is tric t o f C o lu m b ia ...........
V irg in ia .—. ............................
W e s t V irg in ia .........................
N o rth C a ro lin a ......................
S o u th C a ro lin a ......................
G e o rg ia .....................................
F lo rid a —..................................

6 .0
4 .7
5 .1
5 .7
6 .1
5 .1
5 .1
6 .0
4 .9
4 .5

6 .0
4. 7
5 .0
6 .1
5 .1
6 .0
5 .2
6 .1
4 ,9
4 .4

A 8
4 .5
4 .7
A 6
4 .9
4 .9
6 .0
A 8
4 .7
A 4

A 7
A3
A 6
A 5
A 8
A 7
6 .0
AS
A 6
A 1

6 8 .9
6 5 .3
5 0 .1
6 9 .7
4 8 ,9
5 3 .2
5 2 .6
6 7 .8
6 9 .1
57.5

4 2 .0
44. 7
4 9 .9
3 0 .3
5 1 .1
4 6 .8
4 7 .4
3 2 .2
3 0 .9
42. 5

3 2 .0
2 5 .1
3 0 .3
1 3 .5
4 0 .6
3 7 .7
3 9 .3
2 5 .3
2A2
3 2 .7

10 .0
1 9 .6
19. 5
1 6 .8
1 0 .5
9 .1
8 .1
6 .9
6 .7
9 .7

7 6 .2
sa 1
6 0 .9
4A6
7 9 .4
8 0 .6
8 2 .9
7a 6
7 8 .2
7 7 .1

2 3 .8
4 3 .9
3 9 .1
5 5 .4
2 0 .6
1 9 .4
1 7 .1
2 1 .4
2 1 .8
2 2 .9

East South C e n tra l....................
K e n tu c k y ................................
T ennessee................................
A la b a m a ...................................
M ississip p i.......................... ..

4 .9
4 .9
4 .9
4 .8
4 .8

4 .8
4 ,7
4 .8
4 .9
4 .6

4 .7
A 6
A 7
A 7
4 .7

A 6
4 .4
A 5
A 6
A4

5 7 .3
4 8 .4
6 2 .3
6 5 .0
6 6 .0

4 2 .7
6 1 .6
4 7 .7
3 5 .0
3A 0

3 3 .0
4 0 .1
3 7 .6
2 6 .3
2 5 .9

9 .7
1 1 .5
1 0 ,1
8 .7
8 ,1

7 7 .2
7 7 .8
7& 8
7 6 .0
7a 3

2 2 .8
2 2 .2
2 1 ,2
2 5 .0
2 3 .7

W est South C e n tra l...................
A rk a n s a s..................................
L o u is ia n a .................................
T e x a s.........................................

4 .0
4 .8
6 .0
4 .8
5 .0

4 .9
4 .7
4 .9
4 .8
4 .9

A8
4 .7
A 8
4 .7
4 .9

A6
AS
A 6
A 6
A 6

67.8
5A 9
6 6 .3
5A 5
5 7 .2

4 2 .2
4 5 .1
3 3 .7
4 5 .6
4 2 .8

2 9 .6
3 2 .4
26. 7
2 7 .0
3 0 .6

12 .6
1 2 .7
6 .9
18. 5
1 2 .2

70. 0
7 1 .9
7 9 .4
5 9 .4
7 1 .4

3 0 .0
2a i
2 0 .6
4a 6
2 8 .6

M ountain.................... .................
M o n ta n a .................... .............
I d a h o .........................................
W y o m in g ................................
C o lorad o ...................................
N e w M e x ic o ...........................
A riz o n a ....... ............... .............
U ta h ..........................................
N e v a d a .................—...............

4 .6
4 .5
4 .5
4 .7
4 .3
4 .3
4 .6
6 ,1
3 .6

4 .6
4 .2
4 .5
4 .3
4 .6
4 .6
4 .6
5 .0
3 .7

A3
A3
4 .4
A 5
4 .1
A 1
A3
A 8
3 .5

A 2
3 .9
4 .3
A0
A 1
A3
A2
A 8
3 .5

4A 8
3 9 .5
3 9 .1
4 8 .1
4 8 .4
4 0 .6
5 7 .2
40 0
5 2 .4

66.2
6 0 .5
60 9
6 1 .9
5 1 .6
5 9 .4
4 2 .8
600
4 7 .6

3 5 .5
3 3 .4
3 2 .6
3 2 .4
3 2 .1
4 9 .0
3 2 .5
4 1 .3
3 9 .8

1 9 .7
2 7 .1
2 8 .3
1 9 .6
1 9 .5
1 0 .4
1 0 .3
1 8 .7
7 .8

6A4
5 5 .2
5 3 .5
6 2 .3
6 2 .2
8 2 .5
7 5 .9
ea 8
8 3 .6

3 6 .6
4A 8
4a 5
3 7 .7
3 7 .8
1 7 ,5
2A 1
3 1 .2
1 6 .4

P a c ific ...........................................
W a sh in g to n .............................
O regon.......................................
C a lifo rn ia ,. . . .....................

4 .7
4 .8
4 .6
4 .6

4 .4
4 .5
4 .2
4 .4

AS
A 6
4.-4
4 .2

3 .9
4 .0
3 .9
3 .8

6 2 .1
4 5 .3
4 5 .2
5a 3

4 7 .9
6A 7
5A8
4 3 .7

2 8 .4
3 2 .6
3A 2
2 5 .6

i9 .4
2 2 .2
2 0 .6
1 8 .1

5 9 .4
5 9 .6
6 2 .4
5 8 .5

4 0 .6
4 0 .5
37, 6
4 1 .5

Oklahoma


8ource* Bureau of
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/the Census,
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Department of Commerce.

81

POPULATION—
^FOBEIGN BOHN BY COUNTRY OP BIRTH

No. 28 — FOREIGN-BORN POPULATION, ALL RACES, CONTINENTAL UNITED
STATES, BY COUNTRY OF BIRTH
P e r cen t o f
increase 1

N u m b er
C o u n try o f b irth
18 7 0

1880

18 9 0

1900

1910

1920

19001910

191019 2 0

Total foreign b orn ............... .. 5 ,667,229 6,67 9 ,9 4 3 9 ,249,560 10 ,3 4 1 ,2 7 6 13, 515,886 13 ,9 2 0 ,6 8 2

3 0 .7

3 .0

4,9 3 8 ,6 18 5 ,7 4 4 ,3 1 1 8 ,0 20,608 8 ,871, 786 11 ,7 9 1 ,8 4 1 11 ,8 8 2 ,0 5 3

3 2 .9

0 .8

0 .9
4 ,2 3 9 ,0 6 7 3 ,8 3 0 ,0 9 4
4 .4
813, 853
877, 719
254, 570
1 1 .8
26 1,0 7 6
82,48$
67,0 6 6 - 1 1 . 9
1, 352, 251 1,0 3 7 ,2 3 4 - 1 6 . 3
403, 877
2 0 .1
363,863:
665,207
625, 585
1 4 .3
18 9 ,15 4
ia 2
18 1,6 4 9
2 6 .5
2 3 1,7 6 6
120,063
62,687
6 6 .0
49,400
3 ,0 7 1
12, 585
1 .3
124,848
118 ,6 5 9
8 .0
11 7 ,4 1 8
15 3,072
1 2 .7
6 ,0 2 4 ,0 4 1 6 ,13 4 ,8 4 5
4 5 .6
3 2 ,3 11 ,2 3 7 1,6 8 6 ,1 0 8 - 1 3 . 2
8 937,884 1,1 3 9 ,9 7 9 144 6
362.438
3 845,555
95. 4
575,627
495,609
397,283 2 4 0 .1
169.439
4 ,6 3 9
5 ,374
8 1,1 8 4 ,4 1 2 1,5 3 5 ,5 6 3 17 9 .5
149,824 107 0
12 9 ,6 8 0
65,923
102,823 338.6
10,477
11,4 9 8
5,284 2 2 5.2
7 3 2,230

-9 ,6
-7 3
-2 .5
-x a 7
-2 3 .3
- 9 .9
- 6 .0
4 .1
9 .7
2 6 ,9
3 0 9 .8
-^5 M
3 0 .4

E u ro p e ................................

N orth w estern Europe..................... 9 ,12 4 ,6 3 8 3 ,4 9 4 ,4 8 4 4 ,3 80,752 4 ,2 0 2 .8 8 3
E n g la n d .......................................
655,046 66 4 ,16 0 909,092
840, 513
S c o tla n d ....................................... .. 140, 836 17 0 ,1 3 6 242,231
233,524
W a le s ...............................................
74,633
83,302 100,079
93, 586
Ire la n d ..................................... 1,8 5 5 ,8 2 7 1 ,8 5 4 ,5 7 1 1,8 7 1 ,5 0 9 1,6 15 , 459
N o r w a y .......... - .............................
114, 246 18 1,7 2 9 322,665
336,388
97, 332 194,337 478,041
S w e d e n —. ................................*
582,014
D e n m a rk 2....................................
6 4 ,19 6 132,543
3 0 ,107
153,690
46,802
N e th e rla n d s ........................ _ ,t_ .
68,090
8 1,8 2 8
94,931
15, 635
B e lg iu m 2......................................
12, 553
22,639
29,757
L u x e m b u rg ,..... ...........................
5 ,8 0 2
2,882
12 ,8 3 6
3 ,031
75,153
88, 621 104,069
S w itz e rla n d ...................................
115 ,5 9 $
F r a n c e 2...... .................................... 11 6 ,4 0 2 10 6 ,9 7 1 11 3 ,17 4
10 4 ,19 7
C e n tra l a n d E astern E urope........ 1,7 8 4 ,4 4 9 2 ,18 7 ,7 7 6 3,4 2 0 ,6 2 9 4 ,13 6 ,6 4 6
G e r m a n y 2............... - ................... 1,6 9 0 ,5 3 3 1,9 6 6 ,7 4 2 2,7 8 4 ,8 9 4 2,663, 418
48, 557 14 7,440
P o la n d 3...........................................
14 ,436
383,407
C z e c h o s lo v a k ia 4_____________
70,797 124,024 2 4 1,377
A u s t r ia 2. . . ....................................
432, 798
3 ,737
H u n g a ry 2 ...................................
11 ,5 2 6
62,435
14 5 ,7 14
Y u g o s la v ia 4-- .............................
S e rb ia 5.............................................
M o n te n e g ro 5..............................
R u ssia a n d L ith u a n ia ............... }
4,644
3 5,722 182,644 f 423,726
F in la n d ...........................................
\ 62,641
R u m a n ia 2. . ........... ................... ..
15 ,032
B u lg a r ia 3.......................................
2 302
* 1,2 0 5
3 1,8 3 9
8 9 ,9 10
T u r k e y in E u ro p e 8__________
So u th ern E urope......................... ....
G re e c e 2...........................................
A lb a n ia .......................- ____ _____
I t a l y 2. .................
...................
Spain, ................... ...................
P ortu g al......................................—

25,853
390

58,265
776

206,648
1,8 8 7

17 ,1 5 7
3, 764
4 ,542

44,230
5 ,1 2 1
8 ,1 3 8

530,200 1,5 2 5 ,8 7 5
10 1,2 8 2
8 ,5 15
0)
484,027 1,3 4 3 ,12 5
2 2 ,108
7 ,0 5 0
5 9,360
30,608
2,858
2 ,251

1,678

3 ,7 8 6

182,580
6 ,1 8 0
15,996
12,579

.................................

64,665

107,630

113,396

120,248

A rm e n ia , P a le stin e , S y r ia , a n d
T u r k e y in A s i a ...........................
C h in a . . .
J a p a n ...............................................
I n d i a ................................................
O ther A sia. ...................................

(«)
63,042
73
586
864

(8)
10 4,468
401
1,7 0 7
1,054

<*)
106,701
2 ,292
2 ,14 3
2 ,260

8 1,5 3 4
24,788
2,031
11,8 9 5

59,729
66,756
67,744
4,664
2 ,5 9 1
1,4 8 9 ,2 3 1

O ther Europe 9.................................
A sia...

09

A m e r i c a . ...................... ........

551,335

807,230 1,0 8 8 ,2 4 5 1,3 1 7 ,3 8 0

C a n a d a a n d N ew fo u n d lan d 8,_
C anada—
F r e n c h 2 ...................................
O th er
...................................
N e w fo u n d la n d 8..........................
W e s t In d ie s.......................................
M ex ico ............ ....................................
C e n tra l a n d S o u th A m e r ic a ___

493,464

7 17 ,15 7

1 1 ,5 7 0
42,435
3 ,866

A ll o th e r.................................

14 ,7 1 1

191,484

1 .8
-2 7 0
2 1 .5
-3 1 .9
-1 9 .8

2 9 .6
1 5 .5
5 6 .0
—8 .9
-8 3 .6
1 ,9 1 1 ,2 1 3
18 7 .8 2 6 .3
175,976 1,089. 5 7 3 .7
5 ,608
1 ,6 1 0 ,1 1 3 1 7 7 .5 1 9 .9
49, 535 213. 6 12 4 .1
9 3 .9 1 7 .9
69,981
5,901 4 7 1.8 306.5
237,950

59.2

2 4 .3

102,751
7 2 .0
43,560 - 3 0 . 4 - 2 3 . 3
8 1,5 0 2 173.3 2 0 .3
12 9 .6
5 .1
4 ,9 0 1
5, 236 - 7 8 . 2 1 0 2 ,1
1,7 2 7 ,0 17

13 .0

1 6 .0

980,938 1,1 7 9 ,9 2 2 1 ,2 0 9 ,7 1 7 1 ,1 3 8 ,1 7 4

2 :5

- 5 .9

>• 25,435
103,393
8 ,6 3 0

385,083
819,554
5 ,0 8 0
4 7 ,635
22 1,9 15
9 ,964

307,786
8 17 ,13 9
13,249
m 78,962
4 86,418
23,463

31,8 6 8

43,330

73,672

302,496
678,442

39 5 ,12 6
784,796

16,401
68,399
5,273

23,256
77,853
6 ,19 8

20,772

27 ,3 11

- 2 . 5 -^ 30.1
4 .4 - ^ . 3
16 0 .8
8 7 .3 J & 8
1 1 4 .6 m .
3 5 .5 . 335. 5

2

3 6 .0

7 0 .0

S o u rce: B u re a u o f th e C en su s, D e p a rtm e n t o f C o m m erce.
‘ 1 A m in u s sign ( —) d en o tes decrease.
3
B o u n d a rie s ch anged sin ce 1910. S ta tis tic s for 1920 re la te to p o stw a r b ou n d aries; for 1910, to p re w a r
b o u n d a rie s.
3
P e rso n s re p o rte d i n 1 9 1 0 a s o f P o lish m o th e r to n g u e b o rn in G e rm a n y (190,096), A u s tria (329,418), a n d
R u ssia (418,370) h a v e been d e d u c te d fro m t h e re sp e ctive co u n trie s an d co m b in ed as P o la n d fo r c o m p ari­
son w ith n u m b e r re p o rte d i n 1920 as b o rn in P o la n d . T h o u gh P o la n d btefore 1919 w a s d iv id e d am ong
R u ssia , G e rm a n y , a n d A u s tr ia , th e censuses o f 1870 to 1900 listed i t as a c o u n try o f b irth .
* C re a te d sin ce 1910.
■ O ut o f existen ce sin ce 1910.
6 T u rk e y i n A s ia in c lu d e d w ith T u r k e y in E u ro p e p rio r to 1910.
7 A lb a n ia in c lu d e d w ith T u r k e y i n E u rop e in 19 10
3 In clu d es “ E u rop e, n o t sp ecified ” a t each census, a n d D anzig, F lu m e , a n d S a a r B a sin in 1920.
Digitized for N e w fo u n d lan d in c lu d e d w ith C a n a d a p rio r to 1910.
8 FRASER
10 E xcep t possessions o f th e U n ite d S ta te s.
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

S2

POPULATION---- FOREIGN BOBN BY COUNTRY OF BIRTH

No. 2 9 — FOREIGN-BORN WHITE POPULATION: C ontinental U nited S tates ,
B T C O U N T R Y OF B lR T H

[Note .— S t a t i

N um ber

P e r N um ber
cen t

P er
cen t

13 ,345,545 i o a o 13 ,7 18 ,7 5 4 10 0 .0

Total.

E u rop e_____ 11 ,7 8 7 ,8 7 8 8 8 .3 11,8 7 7 ,9 9 1 8 6 .6
N orth w estern B a­
r o n e ___
EngU
Lgland..
S c o tla n d ..
W a le s ...............
I r e la n d ______
N o r w a y ...........
S w e d e n .......... D e n m a rk ____
N eth erlan d s^ .
B e lg iu m ___ _
L u x e m b u rg .-.
S w it z e r la n d .F ra n c e *...........

4 ,2 3 7 ,3 7 3 3 1 .8 3 ,8 2 8 ,8 7 6
812 ,8 2 8
876,455 6 .6
254,567
2 61,034 2 .0
67,066
82; 479 0 .6
1,35% 155 1 0 .1 1,0 3 7 ,2 3 3
363,862
403,858 3 .0
625,680
665,183 5 .0
189,154
18 1,6 2 1 1 .4
131,766
120,053 a o
62,686
4 9 ,3 9 7 0 .4
12,585
3 ,068 0
118,659
124,834 0 .9
11 7 ,2 3 6 0 .9
162,890
4 ,1 8 1 ,7 0 3 3 1 .3 4 ,3 3 0 ,8 6 0
2 ,6 0 1 ,1 8 1 18 ,7 1,6 8 6 ,1 0 2
(3)
1,1 3 9 ,9 7 8
36% 436
0
575,625
1,1 7 4 ,9 2 4 8 .8
397, 282
496,600 3 .7
4 ,635 0
0
5,363 0
0
169,437
1 ,8 4 2 ,0 1 5 13 .8 1,8 0 3 ,9 6 5
1,60% 752 1 2 .0 1,4 0 0 ,4 8 9
13 5,068
0
149,824
129,669 1 .0
as
10% 823
65 ,9 2 0

C e n tra l E u ro p e,
G e r m a n y 8—__ ..
P o la n d _________
C z e c h o slo v a k ia .
A u s t r i a 8..............
H u n g a r y 8_____
S e rb ia __________
M o n te n e g ro ___
Y u g o s la v ia _____
E astern E u r o p e ...
R u ssia ........ ..........
L ith u a n ia ...........
F in la n d ............. ..
R u m a n ia 4_.........

1920

1910

1920

1910
C o u n tr y o f b ir th

2 7 .9
5 .9
1 .9
0 .5
7 .6
2 .7
4 .6
1 .4
1 .0
0 .6
0 .1
ao
1 .1
3 1 .6
1 2 .3
8 .3
2 .6
4 .2
2 .9
1 .2
13 .2
1 0 .2
1 ,0
1 .1
0 .7

C o u n t r y o f b irth
N um ber

P er
N um ber
ce n t

E. E u rop e—C o n .
10 ,4 7 7
11 ,4 5 3 a i
B u lg a ria -.............<
T u r k e y in E u ­
5,284
3% 221 G.2
ro p e 8..................
So u th ern E u rop e.
1,5 2 3 ,9 3 4 1 1 .4 1 ,9 0 8 ,3 8 9
17 5 ,9 7 2
0 .8
10 1,2 6 4
G reece4....... ...........
5 ,6 0 8
0
A lb a n ia .................
I ta ly 4
1,3 4 3 ,0 7 0 1 0 .1 1 ,6 1 0 ,1 0 9
49 ,2 4 7
2 1,9 7 7 0 .2
67,453
P o rtu g a l.—
57,623 0 .4
O ther Europe.

2,853

0
0 .5
0 .4

ai

0
13.9
1 .3

©
It 7
0.4
as

5 ,9 0 1

A s ia ..........
6 4 ,314
69,702
T u r k e y i n A s i a 8__
i
A rm e n ia ________
P a le stin e ............. . ■ (*)
S y r i a ..................... .
4 ,6 1 2 0
O th e r A s ia ...............
1,4 5 3 ,18 6 10 .9
C anada:
F re n c h ................. .
385,083 2 .9
810 ,9 8 7 6 . 1
O th e r.....................
5,076 0
N e w fo u n d la n d ___
M e x ic o ......................
219,802 1 . 6
2 3 ,16 9 a 2
W e s t I n d i e s 8......... .
C e n tr a l a n d S o u th
A m e ric a ......... ......
9,069 a i
O ther co un tries
40 ,16 7 a s
A t la n tic Is la n d s . .
15 ,7 9 5 a i
A u s t r a lia .................
8,938 a i
A l l o th e r..................
15,434 a i

America........

P er

cent

0
110 ,4 5 0 0.8
1 1 ,0 1 4 0.1

0.3

3 ,2 0 2
6 1,9 0 0
7 ,7 0 8
1 ,6 5 6 ,8 0 1
307,786
8 10 ,0 9 2
13 ,2 4 2
478,383

0.1

12.1
2.2
5 .9

0.1
3 .6

0.2

20,929

0.2

6 7 ,5 18
38,984
10 ,8 0 1
17 ,727

0.5
0.3

0.1
0.1

4 B o u n d a rie s ch an g ed w ith increase o f te rr ito r y .
8 E x clu d in g possessions o f U n ite d S ta te s i n 1920.

1 L ess th a n o n e-ten th o f 1 p e r cen t.
* C o m p rised i n a n o th e r c o u n try o r co u n tries.
8 B o u n d a rie s c h an g ed w ith lo ss o f t e rr ito r y .

No. 30.— URBAN AND RURAL FOREIGN-BORN POPULATION: C ontinental
U nited S tates , 1920, by C ountry of B irth
[Note—See Table 34 for explanation of urban and rural segregation]
C o u n tr y o f b irth

U rb a n

Rural

P e rc e n t
u rb a n

Total p o p u la tio n .. 54,304,603 5 1,4 0 6 ,0 17

5 1 .4

Total fo reig n b o rn . 10,500,942 3 ,4 18 ,7 5 0

7 5 .4

2,7 3 7 ,4 0 7 1,0 9 2 ,6 8 7
620,676
19 3 ,17 7
58,956
195* 614
19 ,3 5 0
4 7 ,7 16
136,287
900,947
19% 165
17 1,6 9 8
394,700
230,885
8 8 ,138
10 1 ,0 16
74,424
57,342
20,977
4 1 ,7 1 0
5,372
7 ,2 13
50,928
67,731
113 ,9 6 2
3 9 ,1 1 0
3 ,2 0 7 ,1 3 9 1 ,1 2 3 ,7 3 5
1,1 3 7 ,9 6 1
548,147
9 6 1,8 13
17 8 ,16 6
240,453
12 1,9 8 5
143,957
4 3 1,6 7 0
317 ,7 3 7
79,546
51,934
11 7 ,5 0 5
1,5 4 5 ,9 2 6
258,045
1 ,2 4 1 ,1 5 7
159,338
118 ,6 3 4
16 ,4 3 4
79,974
69,850
93 ,4 5 6
9,367

7 1 .5

N o rth w estern E urope.
E n g la n d ....................
S c o tla n d ........... .........
W a le s ...........................
Ire la n d .......... .............
N o rw a y ............ .........
S w e d e n ____________
D e n m a rk __________
N e th e rla n d s ..............
B e lg iu m .....................
L u x e m b u rg ...............
S w itz e rla n d ________
F ra n c e .........................
C e n tra l E urope—.........
G e rm a n y ...................
P o la n d ____________
C ze c h o slo v a k ia ____
A u s t r ia .....................
H u n g a ry .....................
Y u g o s la v ia ................
E astern E u ro p e...........
R u s s ia ................. .......
L ith u a n ia ...................
F in la n d ......................
R u m a n ia ....................

7a 3
7a 87 1 .1
8 6 .9
4 7 .2
6 3 .1
5 3 .4
5a 5
6a 5
6 7 .3
5 7 .1
7 4 .4
7 4 .1
6 7 .5
8 4 .4
6 6 .3
7 5 .0
80. 0 .
6 9 .3
8 5 .7

88.6
8 7 .8
5 3 .4
9 0 .9

C o u n tr y o f b irth

U rb a n

E a s te rn
E u ro p e —
C o n tin u e d .
7,879
B u lg a ria .....................
T u rk e y in E u ro p e 4 ,826
S o u th ern E u ro p e --— 1,6 0 7 ,9 4 3
G re e c e ........................
15 4,052
5 ,15 6
A lb a n ia .......................
ItaT f........................... - 1,3 5 9 ,2 5 0
S p a in ........... ................
3 a 363
P o rtu g a l............... .
5% 122
4 ,623
O ther E u ro p e 1.............
A s ia .................. ........
170,690
30,307
A rm e n ia .........................
% 914
P a le stin e ...................—_
S y r ia ................................
45,321
9,854
T u r k e y in A s ia ___ . . .
C h in a ...............................
34,635
J a p a n ...............................
4% 751
I n d ia ...............................
% 693
O th er A s i a - ...................
4 ,2 15
A m e ric a .................. 1,17% 024
C an ad a— F re n c h .........
243,750
C anada— O th e r-. . . . .
5 9 1,8 1 2
N e w fo u n d la n d ______
1% 037
W e s t I n d i e s 2...... .........
7% 742
M e x ic o -........ ........
22 9 ,17 9
C e n tr a l -and S o u th
2% 504
A m e r ic a -........... .......
A ll o th e r 3..............
57,290

R u ra l

P e rc e n t
u rb a n

% 598
458
303,270
2 1,9 2 4
452
250,863
13 ,1 7 2
1% 859
1,878
67,260
a 321
289
6 ,580
1 ,1 6 5
8 ,925
40,751
2 ,208
* 1,0 2 1
55% 993
64,036
22% 327
1 ,2 1 2
6 ,2 2 0
257,239

75. 2
9 1 .3
8 4 .1
8 7 .5
9 1 .9
8 4 .4
7 3 .4
7 5 .9
7 6 .6
7 1 .7
8 2 .7
9 1 .0
8 7 .3
8 9 .4
7 9 .6
5 0 .0
5 4 .9

% 959
1% 382

8 7 .4
7 7 .8

aas
6 7 .7
7 9 .2
7 2 .4
9 0 .9
92L1
4 7 .1

i C o m p rises D an zig , F iu m e , S a a r B a sin , a n d “ E u ro p e, n o t sp ecified .”
3 E x c e p t possessions o f t h e U n ite d S ta te s .
‘
8 C o m p rises p erso n s b o rn i n A u s tra lia , A tla n tic Isla n d s, P acific Is la n d s (excep t possessions o f t h e U n ite d
S ta te s ) , th o se w h o se c o u n t y o f b ir th w a s n o t sp ecified , a n d th o se b o rn a t sea.
for FRASERa b le s 29 a n d 3 0; B u re a u o f th e C en su s, D e p a rtm e n t o f C om m erce.
S o u rce : T

Digitized


POPULATION-----POKEION W H ITE BY MOTHER TONGUE

No. 31.— FOREIGN WHITE STOCK, CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES, BY
MOTHER TONGUE
[N o t e .— T h e la s t tw o co lum n s in c lu d e n a tiv e w h ite person s (1) h a v in g b o th p a re n ts foreig n b o rn a n d of
t h e sp ecified fo reign ton g ue, a n d (2) h a v in g o n e p a re n t foreign b o m a n d o f th e sp ecified m o th e r ton g ue
a n d t h e o th e r p a re n t n a tiv e . P erson s h a v in g b o th p a re n ts fo reig n b o m , one p a re n t o f o n e m o th e r ton g u e
a n d t h e o th e r o f a n o th e r, a re grouped i n t h e la s t lin e ]
T o ta l foreign w h ite stock
L in g u is tic gro u p a n d
m o th e r ton g ue

N u m b er
1910

19 2 0

P e r cen t
■ distribu­
tio n
1910

P er
ce n t
o fin - F o reig n -b o ra w h ite
crease1

1920

T o tal...................... 32,243,382 36,398,958 10 0 .0 10 0 .0

1910

1920

N a tiv e w h ite of
foreig n o r m ixed
parentag e
191©

1920

12 .9 13 ,3 4 5 ,5 4 5 13 ,7 12 ,7 5 4 18,897,837 22,686,204

9 ,9 3 0 ,8 6 1 9,7 2 9 ,3 6 5

3 0 .8

2 8 .7

- 2 ,0

G erm an ic......................... 9 ,0 0 0 ,1 3 9 8 ,8 2 2 ,5 0 0
G e r m a n ..................... 8 ,6 4 6 ,4 0 2 8 ,16 4 , 111
D u tc h a n d F ris ia n . _
370,499
3 1 1 ,0 1 5
F le m is h .......................
87,890
42,722

2 7 .9
2 6 .8
1 .0
0 .1

2 3 .7
2 2 .4
to
0 .2

- 4 2 2 ,9 10 ,8 5 7 2 ,4 4 9 ,3 6 4 6,0 8 9 ,2 8 2 6 ,1 7 3 ,1 3 6
- A 6 2 ,7 5 8 ,0 3 2 2 ,2 6 7 ,1 2 8 5 ,8 8 7 ,3 7 0 5 ,8 9 6 ,9 8 3
1 9 .1
233,959
126,045
136,540
184,970
105.7
16,942
2 5 ,780
45,696
42 ,19 4

S c a n d in a v ia n ................. 2 ,7 8 1,4 0 2 2 ,9 7 2 ,7 0 8
S w e d is h ..................
1 ,3 9 4 ,4 1 0 1,4 8 5 ,0 6 2
976,827 1,0 2 0 ,7 8 8
N o rw e g ia n ...............
D a n ish 3 .....................
466,940
4 10 ,16 5

8 .6
43
3 .0
L3

8 .2
41
2 .8
1 .3

6 .9 1 ,2 7 2 ,1 5 0 1 ,1 9 4 ,9 3 3 1,5 0 9 ,2 6 2 1, 777, 863
643,203,
6 .5
6 8 3 ,2 18
7 1 1 ,1 9 2
841,859
45
402,587
36 2 ,19 9
574,240
658,589
13 .8
186,345
189,531
223,820
277,415

L atin a n d G reek .......... 4 ,18 5 ,9 6 2 6 ,0 3 6 ,0 0 1
Ita lia n * ....................... 2 ,13 5 , 393 3 ,3 6 5 ,8 6 4
F r e n c h . . ---------------- 1 ,2 8 8 ,8 9 7 1 ,2 9 0 ,1 1 0
850,848
44 4 ,13 2
S p a n is h 6 .....................
13 9 ,2 2 1
2 15,728
P o rtu g u e se .................
9 1,6 8 3
49,588
R u m a n ia n ..................
221,768
128, 701
G re e k ...........................

13 .0
6 .6
4 .0
1 .4
0 .4
0 .2
0 .4

1 6 .6
9 ,2
3 .5
2 .3
0 .6
0 .3
0 .6

4 4 2 2 ,3 8 5 ,3 8 8 2 ,9 9 0 ,9 5 4 1,8 0 0 ,5 4 4 3 ,0 4 5 ,0 4 7
5 7 .6 1 ,3 6 5 ,1 1 0 i , 624,998
770,283 1, 740,866
528,842
760,055
0 .1
823,154
466,956
2 58,131
556, 111
9 1 .6
186,001
294,737
5 5 .0
72,649
105,895
66,572
109,833
849
42,277
62,336
7 ,3 11
29,347
72.3
10,322
118 ,3 7 9
174,658
47, n o

Sla v ic a n d L ettic_____ 3 ,19 4 ,9 4 7 5 ,2 70,581
P o lis h .......................... 1 ,6 8 4 ,1 0 8 2,4 3 6 ,8 9 5
6 3 1,1 9 3
622,796
C z e c h . ........................
S lo v a k .... ................... .
281, 707
619 ,8 6 6
731,949
R ussian® .....................
9 1,3 4 1
34,837
95,458
R u th e n ia n ..................
208,552
181, 594
S lo v e n ia n ...................
S e rb o -C ro a tia n —
92,2 6 0
140,559
C ro a tia n ^........... ..
3 ,1 1 9
D a lm a tia n ..............
5 ,3 7 2
52,208
26,483
S e rb ia n ....................
4,535
M o n te n e g rin .........
3 ,9 4 9
14 ,4 2 0
1 9 ,1 8 3
B u lg a ria n __________
34,799
S la v ic , n o t specified*
3 ,624
L ith u a n ia n a n d L e t­
t is h ................ ............
207,821
336,600

0 .9
5 .2
1 .6
0 .9
0 .3
0 .1
0 .6

14 5
6 .7
1 .7
1 .7
2 .0
0 .3
0 .6

6 5 .0 1,8 3 1 ,6 6 6 2 ,4 6 0 ,3 3 2 1,3 6 2 ,9 8 1 2 ,8 10 ,2 4 9
943,781 1,0 7 7 ,3 9 2
44 7
740,327 1,359, 503
17 .2
228,738
234,564
302,455
388,232
12 0 .0
166,474
274,948
115 ,2 3 3
3 44,918
7 0 1.3
57,926
392,049
33,415
339,900
2 5 ,13 1
55,672
9 ,7 0 6
39,786
17 4 0
14 8
123,631
102,744
57,963
105,808

0 .3
(7)
0 .1
0
0 .1
0 .1

0 .4
(7)
0 .1
0

0 .6
7 .0
5. 2
1 .0
0 .6
0 .1
0 .1
(7)
m
0

E nglish a n d C e ltic 1. . .

U n c la s s ifie d ____ _____ 2 ,2 6 1,5 6 3 2 ,9 6 8 ,3 2 1
Y id d is h a n d H e­
b re w ......................... 1 ,6 6 4 ,1 4 2 2 ,0 4 3 ,6 1 3
M a g y a r .......................
3 15,283
473,538
265,472
F i n n i s h .................
19 7 ,5 15
A r m e n ia n ........... .
62,840
29,690
10 4 ,13 9
S y r ia n a n d A r a b i c ._
46,495
T u r k is h .......................
5 ,3 10
8 ,505
A lb a n ia n ....................
2,858
6 ,426
770
1,7 8 8
A llo t h e r » .................
U n k n o w n o r m ix ed
m oth er to n g u e ___
U n k n o w n ...................
O f m ik ed m o th e r
t o n g u e 11................ .

3 ,3 6 3 ,7 9 2 3,0 0 7 ,9 3 2 6,5 6 7 ,0 6 9 6, 721, 433

5 2 .4
-4 1 .9
9 7 .1
14 8
-2 4 8
-8 9 .6

74,,036
4 ,3 4 4
23,403
3 ,8 8 6
18 ,3 4 1
2 1,0 1 2

83,063
2 ,1 1 2
36,471
4 ,19 8
12,853
2,039

G.9

62.0

140,963

182,227

8 .1

3 0 .7 1,4 6 5 ,4 2 0 1,6 0 2 ,0 7 3

5 .6
1 .3
0 .7
0 .1
0 .3

2 2 ,8 1,0 5 1 ,7 6 7 1,0 9 1 ,8 2 0
229,094
5 0 .2
2 6 8 ,11 2
120,086
133,567
3 4 .4
7 8 .0
23,938
37,647
32,868
57,557
1240
6 0 .2
4709
6 ,627
17 2 .5
2^312
5 ,5 15
13 2 .2
646
1,2 2 8

0

0

0
0
0

888,838
297,918

811,3 9 4
20,336

2 .8
0 .9

2 .2
0 .1

-8 .7
- 9 3 .2

590,920

791,058

1 .8

2L2

3 3 .9

11 6 ,2 7 2
116 ,2 7 2

7 ,16 6
7 ,16 6

18,224
1,0 2 8
3 ,0 8 0
63
842
13,787

57,496
1,0 0 7
15 ,7 3 7
337
1,5 6 7
1,5 8 5

66,858

154,373

796,143 1,3 5 4 ,2 4 8
6 12 ,3 7 5
8 6 ,18 9
77,429
5 ,752
13 ,6 2 7
601
46
124

9 5 1 ,7 9 3
205,426
13 1,9 0 5
15 ,19 3
46,582
1,8 7 8
911
660

772,566
18 1,6 4 6

804,228
13 ,1 7 0

590,920

7 9 1,058

S o u ree : B u re a u o f t h e C en su s, D e p a rtm e n t o f C o m m erce.
1 A m in u s sign ( —) d en o tes decrease.
* In c lu d e s p erson s re p o rtin g I ris h , S c o tc h , o r W e lsh ,
a In c lu d e s Ic e la n d ic (6,105 i n 1 9 1 0 ,6 ,6 3 4 in 1920).
* In c lu d e s R o m a n sn a n d F riu lia n (3,183 in 1910, 2,206 in 1920).
* In c lu d e s B a sq u e (656 in 1 9 10 , 527 in 1920).
* P ro b a b ly in c lu d e s a consid erab le p ro p o rtio n of H eb rew s, e rro n e o u s ly rep o rted as o f R u ssia n m oth er
tongue.
7 L ess t h a n o n e-ten th o f 1 p e r cen t.
* P ra c tic a lly a ll W e n d ish i n 1920; 395 re p o rte d a s W e n d is h in 1910.
* In clu d es L a p p ish a n d E sth o n ia n (2,533 i n 1 9 1 0 ,1 ,3 9 0 in 1920).
» C om prises P e rsia n (592 i n 1 9 1 0 ,1 ,1 5 9 in 1920), G y p s y (156 in 1910. 173 in 1920), G eorg ian (14 in 1910,
66 in 1920), K u rd is h (8 i n 1 9 1 0 ,1 2 2 in 1920) a n d E g y p tia n (269 in 1920).
11 T h e te rm “ O f m ixed m o th e r to n g u e ” refers to n a tiv e s w h o se foreign-bom p are n ts w e re rep o rted as o f
for FRASER er tongues.
d iffe re n t m o th

Digitized


34

POPULATION---- FOREIGN-BORN W H IT E S
No. 33.— FOREIGN-BORN WHITES BY
N o rth w estern E uro pe

S t a t e a n d d iv isio n

C ontinental
S tates.

T o ta l
foreignborn
w h ite ,
1920

S c a n d in a v ia

U n ite d K in gd o m a n d I re lan d

E ng­
la n d

S co t­
la n d

W ales

Ire la n d

N or
w ay

Sw e­
den

D en ­
m a rk

N eth e r­
la n d s

U n ited 13,712,764 812,828 264,667 67,066 1,037,233 363,862 625,580 189,154 131,766

H ew E n g lan d .............................. 1,870,364 147,098
M a in e ........................................
107,349
5,149
91,233
4,367
N e w H a m p sh ire ..................
44,526
V erm o n t........................ ...........
2,197
M a ssa c h u se tts....... ............... 1,077,534 86,895
173, 499 25, 782
R h o d e I s l a n d ................ ..
376,513 22,708
C o n n e c tic u t...........................

47,601
2,171
1,823
1,854
28,474
5,692
7,487

2,999
137
51
549
1(367
245
650

267,428
5,748
7,908
2,884
183,171
22,253
46,464

8,664
581
427
106
5,491
645
1,414

67,286
2,026
1,886
1,123
38,012
6,642
17,697

8,458
U065
204
155
3,629
365
3,040

2,912
50
177
32
2,071
138
444

K id d le A tla n tic ........................ 4, 912, 676 272,752
N e w Y o r k ............................... 2,786,112 135,305
738, 613 46,781
N ew J e r s e y .............................
P e n n s y lv a n ia ......... ............... 1,387,850 90,666

83,883 29,186
37,654 6,763
17,781 1,256
28,448 21,167

472,319
284,747
65,971
121,601

35,362
27,573
5,343
2,446

83,647
53,025
10,675
19,847

22,991
14,222
5,704
3,065

27,847
13,772
12,737
1,338

East N orth C e n tra l—.............. 3,223,279 163,892
678, 697 43,140
O hio......... ...................................
150,868
8,522
I n d ia n a ...................... ...............
I llin o is ........................ ............... 1,206, 951 64,247
M ic h ig a n ................ .................
726, 635 47,149
W isc o n sin ................................
460,128 10,834

61,650 15,226
12,148 7,772
3,707 1,106
19,598 3,444
13,175 1,154
3,022 1,750

135,147
29,262
7,271
74,274
16,531
7,809

82,137 165,388
1,487
7,266
544
4,942
27,786 105,677
6,888 24,707
45,433 22,896

43,018
2,353
969
17,098
7,178
15,420

59,863
2,529
2,018
14,344
33,499
7,473

1,371,961
W est N orth C en tra l...............
M in n e s o ta ______*.............
486,164
225, 647
Io w a ................................. . . . . .
186, 026
M isso u ri_________ _____
131,503
N o rth D a k o ta __________
S o u th D a k o ta .......... .............
82,391
149,652
N e b ra s k a .____ _________
110,578
K a n sa s.......................................

53,523
10,958
13,036
10,400
%287
2,943
6,000
7,899

17,196
3,928
3,967
2,969
1,229
832
1,695
2,576

49,868 166,280 187,625
10,289 90,188 112,117
10,686 17,344 22,493
15,022
610
4,741
1,660 38,190 10,543
1,954 16,813
8,573
6,422
2,165 18,821
4,825
970 10,337

01,748
16,904
18,020
1,688
4,552
6,983
12,338
2,263

24,399
5,380
12,471
906
903
3,218
846
675

South A tlan tic __________
D ela w a re ................................
M a r y l a n d ...............................
D is tric t of C o lu m b ia .........
V ir g in ia ..................................
W e st V ir g in ia .......... .............
N o rth C a ro lin a -..................
S o u th C a r o lin a .....................
G eorgia...................... .............
F lo rid a .......................................

316,920
19,810
102,177
28,548
30,785
61,906
7,099
6,401
16,186
43,008

24,266
1,497
5,095
2,990
3,752
3,433
967
491
1,593
4,451

7,455
411
1,692
793
1,327
998
446
190
530
1,068

E ast South C e n tra l...................
K e n t u c k y .............................
T en n e ssee................... .............
A la b a m a ..................... ............
M is s is s ip p i.............................

71,939
30,780
15,478
17,662
8,019

6,060
1,863
1,665
1,942
590

2,093
520
454
975
144

465
149
143
145
18

W est South C en tra l........... __.
A r k a n s a s .............. ...................
L o u isia n a .................................
O k la h o m a ...............................
T e x a s............. ............................

469,333
13>975
44,871
39,968
360,519

13,827
1,137
1,819
2,686
7,685

3,711
316
447
1,120
1,828

M o n ta n a ..................................
Id a h o ............. ............................
W y o m in g .................................
C o lo rad o ...................................
N ew M ex ic o ..........................
A riz o n a .....................................
U t a h ...........................................
N e v a d a ...................................

463,226
93,620
38,963
25,255
116,954
29,077
78,099
56,455
14,802

44,676
8,159
4,451
2,505
9,584
888
2,882
14,836
1,271

P a c if ic ......................................... 1,033,860
250,055
W a s h in g to n ...........................
O regon.................................
102,151
681, 662
C a lifo rn ia ................................

87,331
20,806
7,953
58,572




6,693
854
1,753
903
120
346
647
1,170

1,778
20,146
44
2,895
499
6,580
106
4,320
163 . 1,732
704
1,459
25
301
442
10
1,112
86
136
1,304

2,259
65
536
219
491
51
70
85
132
610

4,418
316
630
481
664
326
170
133
299
1,399

2,123
77
382
237
459
121
69
76
127
575

1,459
37
314
127
335
66
115
30
78
357

5,934
3,422
1,291
809
412

450
75
63
215
97

1,514
214
305
748
247

531
89
138
lf il
113

322
150
58
83
31

763
90
76
319
278

8,330
676
2,000
1,321
4,333

2,691
99
555
297
1,740

6,320
331
522
931
4,536

2,580
180
331
561
1,508

1,106
116
260
176
554

12,986
3,279
1,228
1,439
3,357
440
595
2,310
338

4,907
879
575
297
1,482
78
192
1,304
100

19,634
7,260
1,410
956
6,191
434
1,206
1,207
970

17,400
9,962
2,482
651
1,525
128
337
%
-109
206

32,232
7,179
6,112
£ 0 42
10,112
310
859
6,073
545

17,023
2,990
2,240
936
2,823
115
398
6,970
551

5,252
1,675
439
130
853
70
69
1,980
36

28,092
7,886
3,609
16,597

6,066
2,040
592
3,433

58,438
8,927
4,203
45,308

48,719
30,304
6,956
11,460

77,260
34,793
10,532
31,925

30,682
8,359
3,602
18,721

8,606
3,097
917
4,592

35

POPULATION---- FOBEIGN-BORN W H ITES
COUNTRY OF BIRTH, BY STATES, 1920.
N o rth w estern E u r o p e C o n tin u ed
B e l­
g iu m
S w itz ­
and
F ra n c e
L u x em ­ e rla n d
b u rg

C e n tra l E uro pe

G er­
m any

C zecho­
P o lan d slo v a ­ A u s tria
k ia

E a stern E uro pe

H un­
g a ry

Y ugo­
s la v ia

R u s s ia

S ta te
and
d iv isio n
L ith u ­
a n ia

76,871 118,659 152,890 1,686,102 1,139,978 362,436 575,626 397,282 169,437 1,400,489 135,066 U. S.
4,625
57
483
17
2,530
082
456

3,763
62
72
187
1,368
211
1,863

13,246
344
288
197
7,120
1,971
3,326

51,129
932
1,714
630
22,113
3,126
22,614

13,945
5,864
2,650
4,981

30,093
15,053
8,165
6,875

55,149
32,179
10,165
12,805

608,226
295,650
92,382
120,194

34,799
2,176
2,631
14,540
10,978
4,475

80,379
9,656
2,334
7,837
2,755
7,797

29,612
8,056
3,247
11,993
4,174
2,142

698,058
111,893
37,377
205,491
86,047
151,250

12,005
3,838
2,862
1,253
685
731
852
1,784

15,838
2,720
2,871
4,934
506
761
1,808
2,238

11,432
1,803
2,125
3,825
350
335
858
2,136

293,035
74,634
70,642
55,776 11,960
15,674
40,969
23,380

38,262
18,537
2,028
7,636
2,236
792
4,615
2,418

50,906
12,626
9,160
4,971
2,056
2,819
15,818
3,466

87,504
11,550
4,334
8,676
2,059
1,151
4,651
5,183

1,634
29
157
89
129
944
18
62
52
154

2,348
76
509
358
239
545
72
31
161
357

4,112
198
818
687
465
633
136
78
376
731

40,898
1,632
22,032
3,382
2,802
3,798
703
1,079
1,936
3,534

25,432
3,847
12,061
716
1,103
6,799
210
351
917
428

6,620
122
3,553
122
897
1,549
20
45
123
189

266
102
39
81
44

2,178
1,316
616
174
71

2,191
984
333
616
258

16,652
11,137
2,169
2,427
929

2,590
1,037
841
394
318

1,307
102
359
341
505

3,433
736
378
629
1,090

8,071
387
4,182
958
2,544

47,217
3,979
5,147
7,029
31,062

1,980
825
183
148
521
82
82
108
31

6,695
1,151
1,347
302
1,610
148
293
1,566
378

4,966
888
482
361
1,420
377
394
434
609

6,260
1,753
862
% 645

23,934
3,671
4,166
16,097

24,112
2,452
1,273
20,387

131,378
1,717
3,997
1,726
69,157
8,168
46,623

23,081
305
389
283
8,098
1,307
12,699

15,187 '
72
66
264
1,387
176
13,222

2,405
143
120
56
950
146
990

147,371
3,763
3,467
1,333
92,034
8,055
38,719

35,361 iff. E.
1,032 M e .
1,017 N . H .
67 V t.
20,789 M a ss.
794 r . r.
11,662 C onn.

616,708 123,863 310,844 190,224
247,619 38,247 161,172 78,374
90,419 16,747 36,917 40,470
177,770 68,869 122,755 71,380

46,087
8,547
3,313
86,227

763,891
529,240
73,527
161,124

48,594
12,121 N , Y ,
6,246 N . J .
30,227 P a ,

402,250 143,743 145,275 149,692
67,679 42,121 48,073 73,181
3,941
9,351
17,791
9,100
162,405 66,709 46,457 34,437
103,926 11,161 22,004 22,607
50,568 19,811 19,641 10,016

72,343
30,377
4,471
19,285
9,426
8,784

236,022
43,690
7,673
117,899
45,313
21,447

44,307 E. Iff.
4,095 O hio,
1,445 I n d .
30,358 HI.
5,475 M ic h :.
2,934 W is.

17,640
4,277
747
8,080
2,519
586
810
622

18,189
10,697
1,603
2,327
199
470
738
2,155

110,766
16,100
7,319
18,769
29,617
11,193
15,718
12,050

2,098 w . N . a
741 M in n .
687 Io w a,
417 M o.
32 N . D ak
14 S . D a k .
139 N eb r.
68 K an s.

12,077
615
3,620
625
921
5,115
149
206
401
525

10,696
226
1,947
219
1,293
6,260
66
56
246
383

3,681
27
359
43
127
2,802
29
22
84
88

48,362
2,244
24,791
5,181
6,421
3,911
932
1,187
3,452
1,243

3,245 S. A .
90 D el.
2,206 M d .
38 D . C ,
71 V a .
717 W . V a .
29 N . C .
9 S. c .
72 G a.
13 F la .

617
240
82
232
63

2,023
906
398
583
136

1,829
1,084
326
372
47

766
354
87
155
220

%262
1,582
828

76 e . s. a
56 K y .
3 T erm .
12 A la .
5 M iss.

7,206
529
377
1,253
6*047

15,438
492
302
1,825
12,819

9,196
636
725
1,393
6,441

1,664
108
305
311
940

1,267
117
312
218
620

14,652
662
1,928
5,005
7,067

219 w. s. c.
27 A rk .
23 L a .
132 OWA
37 T e i.*

33,652
7,873
4,143
2,292
11,992
1,178
1,516
3,589
1,069

4,675
1,219
287
544
1,867
153
261
240
104

5,295
1,895
420
618
1,953
113
148
163
85

13,070
3,298
781
1,183
5,722
423
486
987
190

3,233
935
233
349
1,157
130
210
179
40

10,771
3,782
460
1,189
2,109
535
1,167
836
693

28,690
5,203
1,458
1,482
16,669
254
816
684
124

280 m.
80 M o ift.

103,236
22,315
13,740
67,180

12,468
3,906
1,480
7,082

6,301
1,792
1,132
3,377

22,656
6,494
2,798
13,264

7,217 12,028
1,056 . 3,565
909
1,186
6,252
7,277

45,327
11,124
6,979
27,224




9,653
410
75
108
2,238
264
6,558

7,408
2,736

M A.
.

9 Idaho.
33 W y o .
Colo,
8 N .M e x .
Ariz.
16
12 U ta h ,
7 N ev .
888Pac.
527 W
ash.
101 Ori*.
260 C f.
aH

116

36

POPULATION---- F0B E IG N -50B N W H ITE S
No. 3 2 . — FOREIGNnBORN WHITES BY COUNTRY

Continental United
States.
Hew England..................

149,834 102,823

10,477

6,884 175,972 1,610,199

O ther E u ro p e 1

P o rtu g a l

S p a in

G reece

T u r k e y in E u ­
rope

B u lg a r ia

R u m a n ia

F in la n d

S ta te a n d d iv isio n

I t a ly

Southern Europe

Eastern Europe—
Continued

49,247

67,453

11,609

2,858
33
18
661
824
87
1,233

38,426
143
115
29
28,315
8,624
1,200

3,028
413
120
10
3,047
153
285

2,848
1,404
646
798

8,568
1,257
224
1,087

19,543
1,393
1,558
476
14,570
320
1,226

3,128
67
25
19
1,445
370;
1,202

214
6
8
3
120
45
33

631
66
,

Kiddle Atlantic................

17,431
12,504
2,109
2,818

55,910
40,116
4,564
11,230

1,338
614
66
666

9,634
2,050
195

44*531
26,117
4*521
13,893

025,222
645,173
157,285
222,764

16*731 ,
12,548
2,000
2,183

East North Central............

46,576
6,406
237
3,080
30,096
6,757

29,338
13,068
2,731
6,238
6,331
970

5,806
2,535
431
940
1,692
208

1*935
569
70
181
179
36

45,136
13,640
4,182
16,465
7,115
3,833

203,180
60,658
6,712
94,407
30,216
11,187

3,008
1,280
467
746
441
74

354
146
14
110
67
17

3,230
783
149
. 675
’ 1,074
549

West North Central...........

31,635
29,108
107
08
1,108
1,085
73
66

6,950
2,385
297
1,647
1,811
154
371
285

1,095
456
269
145
31
97
61
36

30
18
44
17
6
4
6

11,238
2,391
2,884
3,022
420
375
1,604
640

34*488
7,432
4,956
14*609
176
413
3,547
3,355

775
36
41
436
6
5
38
214

56

6
11

727
19Q
85
278
25
28
62
59

1,281
62
175
104
240
289
16
63
42
311

2,163
110
637
86
166
625
31
26
111
472

161

203 11,448
3
286
19 *
964
72
1,207
32
1,796
3,186
23
17
551
10
678
21
1,473
6
1,406

40,267
4,136
9,543
3,764
2,435
14,147
453
344
700
4,746

6,523
142
221
108
263
1,540
16
19
123
4,091

486
18
21
11
95
14
10
6
39
222

374
7
80
25
80
73
7
10
61
25

East South Central............

319
50
33
74
62

441
192
93
120
36

West South Central...........

455
18
147
101
189

668
62
93
66
443

241

7,718
3,577
989
856
879
49
407
779
182

1,053
344
104
71
394

821
264
39
72
349

24,966
11,863
6,050
7,063

3,177
422
352
2,403

M a in e ....................... .................
N ew H a m p sh ire r ...
V e rm o n t. _____________
M a ssa c h u se tts . . ^—
R h o d e I s la n d ............ . ..........
C o n n e cticu t.............................

N e w Y o r k ............ ...................
N ew J e r s e y ______ . . ____
P e n n s y lv a n ia — - ..............
O h io.............................................
I n d ia n a ____ ____ - ...............
Illin o is .. _ . ._ _...
M ic h i g a n ................................
W is c o n s in ................................
M in n e s o ta ................................
Io w a ....................... *...................
M is s o u r i.____ ________ _
N o rth D a k o ta ...........*..........
S o u th D a k o ta —, . , ..............
N e b ra s k a .......... ................... ..
Kansas________ _______
_

South Atlantic..................

D e la w a re .
M a r y la n d ..................................
D is tr ic t o f C o lu m b ia ..........
V irg in ia ______ __________
W e st V irg in ia .................... . .
N o rth C a r o lin a ........... ........
S o u th C a r o lin a ........ .............
G eo rgia.......................................
F lo rid a ........................................
K e n tu c k y ............... .................
T en n essee................................
A la b a m a ................................
Mississippi
.... _ ... . .
A rk a n s a s....................................
L o u is ia n a ..................................
O klaho m a..................................
T e x a s __________________

Mountain.........................
M o n ta n a ....................................
I d a h o ...........................................
W y o m in g ................................ ..
C olo rado .....................................
N ew M ex ic o ............................
A riz o n a .......................................
U ta h .................................... ..
N e v a d a .......................................

Pacific.............................

W a sh in g to n .............. ...............
O regon.........................................
C a lifo rn ia ....................... ...........

8

51
69

12

i&
l
45
69

18
5
17
98
1
1
5
10
61
28 «
6
18

7

14
12
2

4

50
22
5
22
1

9, OH
401
491
915
207

8,584
1,933
2,079
2,732
1,841

212
68
14
70
60

20
6
6
4
4

112
31
38
33
10

101
1
14
11
76

3,483
277
610
619
1,977

27,724
1,314
16*264
2,122
8*024

9*495
22
1,268
124
1,081

183
4
100
13
66

848
11
76
60
211

72
28
6

w

49
105
70

9,483
1,465
716
1,236
1,802
288
329
3,029
618

28,497
3,842
1,323
1,948
12,579
1,678
1,261
3,225
2,641

4,561
68
1,416
139

332
30
39
29

249
51
48

198
1,013
250
1,180

18
30

149

60
5

16*455
4,214
1,928
10,313

103,639
10,813
4,324
88,502

19,086
410
553
11,123

94*798
156
125
24*517

878
168
47
658

2
12
2
10
12
1

18

28
30

21
752
267
214
271

32,186 238,508
1,228
2,797
5,280 . 2,074
167
4,067
20,441 ' 117,007
1,219
32,241
80,322
3,861

534

!

229
41
264

Source: Bureau ofthe Census, Department of Com erce.
m

297

1FRASER Albania, Danzig, Flume, Saar Basin,
Comprises
Digitized for Comprises Hedjaz, India, China, Japan, Palestine,and “Europe, not specified.”
*
and “Asia, not specified.”


33
4

9
8
14

37

POPULATION---- FOBEIGN-BOBN W H ITE S
OP BERTH, BY STATES, 1920— Continued

A u stra lia

C e n tra l an d
So u th A m erica

!
| W est Indies®

M exico

N ew fou ndlan d

O ther

F ren ch

O ther A s ia *

C anada

A tla n tic Isla n d s4

O ther
co un tries

A m erica
T u rk e y In A sia

S y r ia

A rm en ia

A sia

!
o

%

36,626 51,900 11,014 10,910 307,786 810,092 13,242 478,383 26,369 20,929 38,984 10,801
11,964 11,181
142
627
276
523
65
228
8,640 7,128
1,850 1,285
1,001 1,390

2,266
43
60
5
1,671
262
225

1,187 240,385 233,971
62 35,580 38, 670
16 38,277 13,997
10 14*181 10,687
613 108,691 153,330
87 28,887 7,525
509 14,769 9,862

8,198
215
182
67
7,165
233
336

10,806
5,589
%275
2,932

15,501
8,127
2,062
5,312

4,336
3,200
440
695

3,507 17,046 120,049
2,361 15,560 96,414
507
772 9,620
639
713 14,115

2,772
1,809
476
487

6,157
906
134
1,715
2,498
904

9,726
3,680
717
1,149
3,648
532

2,098
637
158
502
663
138

2,695 29,267 222,213
461 1,277 22,899
171
406 4,690
1,260 4,032 34,343
644 18,635 145,867
159 4,917 14,414

830
147
44
311
245
S3

717 3,405
174
818
512
101
181
848
75
289
265
18
414
138
30
259

322
100
51
83
21
12
28
27

402 4,064
6
2
43
72
63
212
164
550
141 1,235
692
10
6 396
'28
473
41
533

456

203
9
9
5
131
7
42

1,446
81
33
12
871
139
310

S ta te a n d
d iv isio n

17,727 U. S.

1,681 28,484
10
17
40
31
3
42
1,056 25,230
237 ^ 9 9 1
210
298

531
23
21
5
337
43
102

1, 292 N. E,
71 M e .
39 N . H .
26 V t.
657 M a ss.
97 R . I.
402 C onn.

4,949 11,692
2,897 9,532
406 1,120
1,646 1,040

9,650
7,430
1,040
1,180

835
569
179
87

2,188
1,360
317
511

4,075 M. A.
2,444 N . Y.
641 N . J.
990 P a .

6,846
915
661
3,854
1,268
148

1,289
533
51
389
239
77

1,875
451
80
743
432
169

261
42
7
195
11

1,413
232
77
598
397
109

4,237 E. N. C.
679 Ohio.
230 In d .
1,240 m.
730 M ic h .
1,349 W is.

569 10,459 69,785
130 6,796 26,936
91
401 8,528
130
299 6,204
34 1,533 14,017
43
608 3,945
65
361 5,407
66
671 4,748

181 22,134
56
237
35 2,560
38 3,222
27
20
3
68
20 2,452
9 13,568

366
56
71
152
4
12
38
33

729
116
109
208
39
27
71
159

35
14
8
5

548
104
101
137
35
24
80
67

1,638 W. N. C.
451 M in n .
270 Io w a .
326 M o ,
110 N . D ak.
113 S. D a k .
208 N eb r.
160 K ap s.

813 12,059
23
423
117 1,747
147 1,541
106 1,817
54
903
636
16
244
24
50
906
3,844
277

230
8
61
18
32
6
7
1
22
75

600
50
79
65
79
74

812
15
176
164
117
48
36
15
44
207

274
12
61
25
41

14
63
158

9,329
28
215
114
94
26
34
29
89
8,700

165
1
22
7
29
3
1

49
38

380
13
56
46
77
31
44
17
36
60

6

14
5
26
57

573 S. A.
21 D el.
130 M d .
80 D . C .
92 V a .
69 W . V a ,
32 N . C .
9
50 G a.
90 F la ,

61 1,501
20
309
18
127
22
482
1
583

93
22
20
39
12

148
40
48
31
29

179
50
47
52
30

2,967
835
926
840
367

32
13
9
3
7

629
133
167
132
97

303
36
38
201
28

181
36
44
65
36

11
2
2
7

80
36
15
21
8

198 E. S. C.
85 K y .
41 T en n .
43 A la .
29 M is s .

148 3,486
7
213
954
27
691
15
99 1,578

206
10
61
21
114

382
23
61
73
225

690
58
157
126
249

8,105
822
1,008
2,349
3,926

100 259,007
20
259
16 2,399
11 6,897
53 249,652

824
15
495
43
271

1,225
23
844
67
291

55

4
13
2
36

308
25
60
54
169

757 w . s. c .
50 A rk .
107 L a .
104 O kla,
496 T ex .

362 1,324
140
192
49
13
62
82
46
289
2
198
8
327
174
80
11
13

190
62
15
25
30
5
15
18
20

314
58
31
22
103
13
47
28
12

3,482 30,185
2,211 12,105
476 4,478
92 1,346
418 7,203
42
690
90 1,872
45 1,421
108 1,070

196
63
59
4
39
3
16
4
8

96,502
214
1,125
1,786
10,894
19,906
60,325
1,083
1,160

209
25
10
14
91
16
41
8
5

485
71
24
29
183
20
72
30
36

154
5
23
7
8
2
1
4
104

823
81
57
17
112
14
81
221
40

1,117 Mt.
192 M o n t.
184 Id ah o .
50 W y o .
177 Coao.
36 N . M ex .
134 A riz.
294 U ta h .
50 N ev .

6,009 1,762
259
318
63
185
5,687 1,259

1,048
288
56
704

1,738
315
95
1,328

6,566
2,581
679
2,306

703 87,613
434
318
49
569
336 86,610

911
100
58
753

4,311
303
122
3,886

8,964
44
48
8,892

4,836
610
213
4,013

5

6

39
62
77
157
23

6

110,758
40,407
13,095
57,256

E xcept possessions of th e U n ite d S ta te s .

28

1
clu d es A
DigitizedInomFRASER a nP acificeIsla n des,I c o u n try no t sp ecified , a n d a t sea.
for p rises zores d C a p V erd sla n d s.
1 C
A frica,


a

4
4

9
87

33

s. c .

Pac.

3,840
669 W a sh .
296 Oregr.
2,875 C a lif.

38

CITIZENSH IP OF FOREIGN-BORN W H ITE S

No. 33.— CITIZENSHIP OF FOREIGN-BOHN WHITES, 21 TEAKS AND OVER:
B y P rincipal C ountries of B irth, C ontinental U nited S tates, 1920
M a le s

C o u n try of b irth

T o ta l
21
ye a rs
and
o v er1

F em ales

C itiz en s
N um ­
ber

P er
cen t

H av in g
first
pap ers

T o tal
21
y e a rs
an d
o v er1

A lien s

C itizen s
N um ­
ber

H av­
in g
P er pfirst
ap ers
cent

A lien s

1920, to tal____ 6, 928,452 3,314,910 47.8 1,116,744 2,138,237 5,570,268 2,893,787 52.0 77, 533 2,226,673
1910, to ta l2___ 6,648,817 3, 034,117 46.6 670,772 2,266,536
EUROPE

N o rth w estern

i

E u-

E n g la n d ...................
S c o tla n d ...................
W a le s ____ _______
Ire la n d -.......................
N o rw a y .......................
S w e d e n ._________
D e n m a rk ...............
N e th e rla n d s .............
B elg iu m a n d L u x e m b u r g ...................
S w itz e r la n d ______
F ra n c e .......... ...............
C e n tra l E u ro p e:
G e r m a n y .. .........
P o la n d .........................
C z ech o slo v ak ia___
A u s tr ia ................. ..
H u n g a r y .....................
Y u g o s la v ia ................
E astern E u ro p e:
R u s s ia ..........................
L ith u a n ia ...................
F in la n d .............. ..
R u m a n i a __________

B u lg a r ia a n d T u r ­
k e y in E u r o p e ...
S o u th e rn E u ro p e:
G reece..........................
I t a l y ..............................
S p a in ............................
P o r tu g a l.....................
O ther E u ro p e..............

392,116
122,568
34,806
448,573
195,101
334,849
109,754
67,901
39,295
66,656
73,937

64.8
63.6
73.5
72. 3
67 3
69.5
69.6
58.1

50,338
18,126
2,967
43,995
29,223
47,632
15,447
12,304

55,148
16,942
2,885
47,181
23,640
37,257
10,978
12,135

353,282
108,966
29,429
573,104
153,784
270,700
71,044
49,276

21,722 55.3
42,623 64.9
44,421 60.1

8,504
7,915
9,811

6,615
9,934
13,567

27,228
48,736
66,959

253,937
77,903
25,691
324,100
131,322
232,761
76,412
39,462

233,702
67,769
22,169
350,821
106,710
190,931
51,127
30,459

66.2
62.2
75.3
61.2
69.4
70.5
72.0
61.8

4,500
1,624
232
8,269
2,684
4,594
1,105
778

83,301
29,901
3,942
152,385
32,583
58,039
13,771
14,743

15,213 55.9
32,885 67.5
38,309 57.2

487
744
1,101

9,573
10,281
20,856

873,231
602,918
182,913
300,899
196,093
107,974

639,843
168,354
81,705
109,615
55,188
23,140

73.3
27 9
44.7
36.4
28.1
21.4

101,473
139,759
45,520
63,446
50,215
27,687

74,277
279,386
49,119
114,712
84,406
54,134

775,653
445,132
152,417
227,262
157,699
47,982

573,608
134,281
76,630
95,045
50,995
15,676

74.0 13,722
30.2 6,339
50.3 2,832
41.8 2,289
32.3 2,645
32.7
836

117,478
290,025
65,694
116,891
97,355
30,085

682,208
79,308
80,407
52,979

284,320
20,254
31,550
21,602

41.7
2 5 .5
39.2
40.8

127,879
16,186
17,466
11,718

246,604
41,194
28,511
17,949

529,129
48,334
59,608
39,138

225,241
12,979
27,323
17,278

42.6
26.9
45 8
44.1

274,844
33,642
28,559
19,516

12,530
135,207
858,111
31,540
33,837
7,916

1,605 12.8

2,310

8,083

2,035

17 1
30.2
8 .9
17 3
22.9

20,736
154,330
2,285
2,274
1,112

85,459
418,583
25,061
24,627
4,610

26,308
550,822
9,896
22,739
2,573

6,664 28.1
8,821 31.0
3,817 28.2

4,419
5,610
2,196

11,851
12,683
6,716

9,780
18,097
5,314

46,094

23,093
269,547
2,814
5,854
1,814

530 26.0

6,651
544
1,047
618
42

1,382

19.1
29.1
16.6
18.5
49.7

308
5,356
62
120
42

19,894
366,344
7,655
17,622
990

3,349 34.2
5,236 28.9
2,142 4 a 3

144
262
83

5,926
11,568
2,698

5,036
160,166
1,636
4,211
1,279

ASIA

A rm e n ia ..................... ..
S y r ia ..................................
A ll oth er A sia ............

23.746
28,478
13,539

AMERICA

C an a d a — F re n ch ___
C a n a d a —O ther an d
N ew fo u n d lan d ___
M exico.............................
W est I n d ie s 3_______
C e n tra l a n d S o u th
A m erica ......................

141,514

66,579 47.0

21,997

355,093
189,974
11,690

205,794 58.0
6,363 3 .3
3,461 29.6

44,257
2,606
1,088

9,215

2,147 23.3

1,038

5,370
18,393
8,813

2,446 45.5
4,395 23.9
3,871 43.9

825
1,213
938

132,662

66,402 5d 1

1,179

57,479

69,690 384,507
172,127 , 129,723
9,969
5,673

248,783 64,7
11,261 8 ,7
3,220 32.3

4,671
240
107

96,607
112,995
5,327

5,052

5,331

1,903 3 5 7

86

2,725

1,491
12,209
1,856

4,352
15,164
6,134

2,653 58.7
3,336 22.0
3,593 68.6

73
58
50

1,324
11,289
1,383

OTHER COUNTRIES

A u stralia.. ..................
A tla n tic I s la n d s 4
___
A ll other J .....................

Source: B u re a u of th e C en su s, D ep a rtm en t of C om m erce.
1 T o ta ls in c lu d e persons w hose c itiz e n s h ip w as n o t rep o rte d .
s N o in q u ir y a s to th e c itiz en sh ip of fem ales p rio r to 1020.
3 E xcep t possessions of th e U n ite d S ta te s.
4 In clu d es A zores an d C ap e V erd e Isla n d s.
6 C om p rises A frica, P acific I sla n d s, co u n try no t specified , a n d a t se a .




39

POPULATION-—URBAN AND BUBAL

No 34.— URBAN AND RUSAL POPULATION, BYSTATES, 1800, 1910, AND 1920
(N o t e —A ll in c o rp o ra ted p la c es, a n d i n M a s s a c h u s e tts , R h o d e I s la n d , a n d N e w H a m p sh ire , a l l to w n s,
h a v in g 2,600 in h a b ita n ts or m ore are tre a te d as u rb a n an d th e rem a in d e r of th e co u n try a s ru ra l. T o ta l
u rb a n p o p u latio n of U n ite d S ta te s, 1880, 14,358,167; 1890, 22,298,359; r u r a l, 1880, 35,797,616; 1890, 40,649,355; p er cent u rb a n , 1880, 28.6; 1890, 35.4]
1900

1910

►

1920

P e r cen t u rb a n

S ta te an d d iv isio n
U rb an

R u ral

U rb an

R u ral

U rb a n

R u ral

1900 1910 1920

C ontinental U nited
S tates........................... 30,380,433 45,614,142 42,166,120 49,806,146 54,304,603 51,406,017 40.0 45.8 51.4
H ew E n glan d ___________ 4,053,427 1, 638, 590 4,998,082 1,554,599 5,865, 073 1,535,836 72.5 78.3
232,827
M a in e ......................................
461,639
262,248
468, 445 3 3 .5 35.3
480,123
299,569
226,269
185,319
255,099
N ew H a m p sh ire_______
163,322 55.0 59.2
176,473
279,761
75, 831
V erm o n t............... - ...............
267,810
98,917
257,039
109,976
242,452 22.1 27; 8
238,248 3,125,367
202,108 9 1 .5 9 2 8
241,049 3,650,248
M a s s a c h u s e tts .................... 2,567,098
407,647
15,217 95. i 9 6 .7
20,909
524,654
589,180
R h o d e I sla n d ________—
17,956
543,755
364,665
444,292 59.9 65.6
731,797
C o n n e cticu t___________
382,959
936,339

79.2
39.0
63.1
31.2
94.8
97.6
67.8

M id d le A tlantic
N ew Y o rk ......... ...................
N ew J e r s e y ...........................
P e n n s y lv a n ia ----------------

71.0
78.8
75.2
60.4

74.9
82 7
78.4
64.3

52 7
55.9
42 4
61.7
47 2
43.0

60.8
63.8
50.6
67.9
61.1
47.3

10,075,883 6,378,795 13,723,373 5, 592, 619
5,298,111 1,970,783 7,185,494 1,928, J2 0
1,329,162
554,507 1,907,210
629,957
3,448,610 2,853,605 4,630,669 3,034,442

16,672,595 5,588,549 65.2
8,589,844 1,795,383 7 2 9
680,964 70.6
2,474,936
5,607,815 3,112,202 54.7

East North C en tra l_____ _ 7,219,976 8,765,606 9,617,271 8,633, 350 13,049,272 8,426,271
1,998,382 2,159,163 2,665,143 2,101,978 3,677,136 2,082,258
O hio......................................
862,689 1,653,773 1,143,835 1,557,041 1,482,855 1,447,535
I n d i a n a ......... ........................
Illin o is________________ 2,616,368 2,205,182 3,476,929 2,161,662 4,408,153 2,082,127
952,323 1,468,659 1,327,044 1,483,129 2,241,660 1,426,852
M ic h ig a n ......... ................. ..
790,213 1,278,829 1,004,320 1,329,540 1,244,568 1,387,499
W isco n sin ............ .................

45.2
48.1
34.3
54.3
39.3
38.2

764,205 4,727,372 7,816,877 28.6 33.3 37.7
W est N orth C e n tra l. ............ 2,946,544 7,400,879 3,873,718 %
598,100 1,153,294
850,294 1,225,414 1,051,593 1,225,532 34.1 4 1.0 44.1
M in n e so ta ......... .................
680,054 1,544,717
572,386 1,659,467
875,495 1,528,526 25.6 3 0.6 , 36.4
I o w a . . ....................................
M is s o u r i............................. 1,128,104 1,978, 561 1,398,817 1,894,518 1,586,903 1,817,152 36.3 42.5 *46.6
296, 733
558,633 7 .3 11.0 13.6
23,413
63,236
88,239
613,820
N o rth D a k o ta .....................
360,634
40,936
101,872
634,676 10.2 13.1 16.0
76,673
507,216
S o u th D a k o ta ........ .............
813, 598
310,852
262,702
891,066 23.7 26.1 3 1.3
881,362
405,306
N e b ra sk a .................. .............
330,903 1,139,592
493,790 1,197,159
617,964 1,151,293 22.5 29.2 .3 4 .9
K a n sa s....... .............................
South A tlan tic............. ............. 2,232,632 8,210,848 3,092,153 9,102,742 4,338,792 9,651,480 21.4 25.4 31.0
D e la w a re ___ _________
99,018
97,085
85,717
120,767
102,236 46.4 48.0 54.2
105,237
691,206
658,192
580,239 49.8 60.8 60.0
596,838
637,154
869,422
M a r y la n d ..........................—
331,069
278,718
100.0 100.0 100.0
437,571
D is tric t of C o lu m b ia ___
340,067 1,514,117
476,529 1,685,083
673,984 1,635,203 18.3 23.1 29.2
V ir g in ia ..................................
369,007 1,094,694 13.1 18.7 25.2
125,465
228,242
833,335
992,877
W e s t V ir g in ia ......................
318,474 1,887,813
490,370 2,068,753 9 .9 14.4 19.2
186, 790 1,707,020
N o rth C a ro lin a ________
224,832 1,290,568
171,256 1,169,060
293,987 1,389,737 12.8 14.8 17 6
S o u th C a r o lin a ..................
727,859 2,167,973 15.6 20.6 25.1
346,382 1,869,949
538,650 2,070,471
G eo rgia....................................
421, 511
219,080
533,039
355,825
612,645 20.3 29.1 36.7
107,031
F lo r id a ....................................
East South C e n tr a l.. ............ 1,131,056 6,416,701 1,574,229 6,835,672 1,994,207 6,899,100 15.0 18.7
555,442 1,734,463
467,668 1,679,506
633,543 1,783,087 21.8 24.3
K e n tu c k y .............................
441,045 1,743,744
326, 639 1,693,977
611,226 1,726,659 16.2 20.2
T en n essee............................
509,317 1,838,857 11.9 17 3
216, 714 1,611,983
370,431 1,767,662
A la b a m a .. ......................... ..
120,035 1,431,236
207,311 1,589,803
240,121 1,550,497 7.7 11.6
M is s is s ip p i___________
W est South C e n tr a l.............. 1,057,197 5,476,093 1,957,458 6,827,078 2,970,829
290,497
111,733 1,199,831
202,681 1,371,768
A rk a n s a s ______________
628,163
496,616 1,169,872
366,288 1,015,337
L o u isia n a ........ ......................
58,417
731,974
539,480
320,155 1,337,000
O k lah o m a. ...........................
938,104 2,958,438 1,612,689
520,759 2,527,951
T e x a s.......................................
M ountain....... ................... ........
M o n ta n a .............. .................
Id ah o ............................ ...........
W y o m in g ............... .............
C o lo r a d o ................ .............
N ew M e x ic o ._________
___ ____
Arizona.___
U t a h .......................................
N e v a d a ...................................

541, 363 1,133,294
84,554
158,775
10,003
151,769
65,874
20,657
260,651
279,049
167,929
27,381
19,495
103,436
105,427
171,322
35,140
7,195

22 4
26.2
2a 1
21.7
13.4

7,271,395 16.2 2 2 3 29.0
1,461,707 8 .5 12.9 16.6
1; 170,346 26.5 30.0 34.9
1,488,803 7 .4 19.3 26.6
3,150,539 17.1 24.1 3 2 4

947,511 1,686,006 1,214,980 2,121,121 32.3
133,420
242,633
172,011 J876,878 3 4.7
312,829 6 .2
119,037
69,898
255; 696
137,054 28.8
57,348
43,221
102,744
486,370 48.3
453,259
404,840
394,184
295,390 14.0
64,960
46,571
280,730
141,094
117,527
216,635 16.9
63,260
215,584
233,812 38.1
172,934
200,417
15,254
62,153 17.0
13,367
68,608

36,0
35.5
21.5
29.6
60.7
14.2
3 1.0
4 6.3
16.3

36.4
31.3
27.6
29.5
48.2
18.0
3512
48.0
19.7

P a c if ic ......................................... 1,122,356 1,294,336 2,382,329 1,809,975 3,471,483 2,095,388 46.4 66.8 6 2 4
-607,886 40.8 63.0 55.2
605, 630
748,735
536,460
211,477
306,626
W a sh in g to n .........................
392,370 3 2 2 46.6 49.9
307,060
365, 705
391,019
133,180
280,356
O r e g o n .................................
707,354 1,469,739
777,699
907,810 2,331,729 1,095,132 6 2 4 61.8 0 8 .0
C alifo rn ia ...............................

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.


105496
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ ° - -s a 1923--------5
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

40

POPULATION—UBBAN AND BUBAL

No. 3 5 — URBAN AND RUBAI POPULATION, CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES:
By R ace, N ativity , and P arentage, 1910 and 1920, and By S ex and A ge
G roups, 1920

Per cent distribution
Rural
Urban

N ber
um
Class

*

1920

1910
Total.................
White.........................
Negro.— ___ ____
All other,,....................
Native white:
_
Native parentage_
Foreign or mixed par­
entage-.................
Foreign-bomwhite.........

Rural

Urban
1910

1920

1910 1920 1910

1920

4 2 ,16 6 ,1 2 0

64,304,603

4 9 ,6 0 6 ,14 6

6 1,4 0 6 ,0 1 7

10 0 .0

100.0

10 0 .0

100.0

3 9 ,379,294
2 ,6 8 4 ,7 9 7
102,0 29

5 0 ,620,084
3 ,5 5 9 ,4 7 3
1 2 5 ,0 4 6

4 2 ,352,663
7 ,1 4 2 ,9 6 6
3 1 0 ,5 1 7

4 4 ,2 0 0 ,8 3 1
6 ,9 0 3 ,6 5 8
3 0 1,5 2 8

9 3 .4
6 .4
0 .2

9 3 .2
6 .6
0 .2

8 5 .0
1 4 .3
0 .6

8 6 .0
1 3 .4
0 .6

1 7 ,6 2 1,2 3 0

2 4 ,556,729

3 1 ,8 6 7 ,3 4 6

33 ,865,228

4 1 .8

4a 2

6 4 .0

6 5 .9

1 2 ,2 2 6 ,3 3 1
9 ,6 3 2 ,7 3 3

1 6 ,7 0 6 ,3 7 2
10 ,3 5 6 ,9 8 3

6 ,6 7 2 ,6 0 6
3 ,8 1 2 ,8 1 2

6 ,9 7 9 ,8 3 2
3 ,3 5 5 ,7 7 1

2 9 .0
2 2 .6

2 8 .9
1 9 .1

1 3 .4
7 .7

1 3 .6

as

Sex distribution) 1920
Rural

Urban

Males
Females per 100
females

Males

Total-............................... 27,203,312 87,1(^1,201 100.4 26,667,119
White-—................................... 25,373,627 25,246,457 100.6 23,057,028
............ 1,737,820 1,821,653 oa 4 3,471,616
N
egro......................... —
91,865
33,181 27a 9
168,475
All other.................... ................
Nativewhite:
Native parentage.................... . 12,190,466 12,366,264 9&6 17,446,316
7,622,766 8,083,606
Foreign or mixedparentage__
94.3 3,642,786
Foreign-bomwhite........... ............ 5,560,396 4,796,687 n a 9 1,967,926
Class

Under 5
years

6to9
years

5,275,751
<
0.7
2,662,585
2,613,166
4,995,277
268,069
12,405

5,050,276
9.3
2,631,575
2,518,701
4,751,102
291,762
7,412

108.0
101.2

ill I

Males

Males
Females per 100
females

109.0

16,418,912
3,337,046
1,387,846

106.3
109.2
141.8

Age distribution* 1920
10to 14 lfito 19 20to44
years
years
years

me

45years
andover

UBBAN POPULATION

Totalu r b a n . . ......................
Per cent oftotal..... .
Males___ _____
_
Females-_r_„...........
White-..............................
N
egro...............................
Allother...........................
Native white:
Native parentage.......... Foreignormixedparentage
Foreign-bora white..............

4,664,312
8.6
2,313,652
2,350,660
4,368,076
291,094
5,142

4,446,963
8.2
2,130,053
2,315,910
4,127,762
310,622
7,679

23,203,269 11,566,197
42.7
21.3
11,657,721 6,845,617
11,545,648 5,720,580
21,375,775 10,917,249
1,762,692
621,935
64,802
27,013

2,791,238 2,534,608 2,333,029 2,210,680 9,985,617
2,174,535 2,096,478 1,790,012 1,603,354 6,689,320
29,504 120,016 245,036 413,728 5,700,938

4,630,820
2,444,082
3,832,745

BUBAL POPULATION

Totalrural......v ........
Per cent oftotal___
Males........ ...............
Females.....................
White...............................
N
egro..... .........................
All other............. .............
Nativewhite:
Native parentage...........
Foreignormixedparentage
Foreign-bomwhite—
...........

6,297,479
12.3
3,194,876
3,102,603
5,378,644
875,630
43,205

6,347,799
12.3
3,221,426
3 126,373
*
5,336,143
974,445
37,211

5,976,825
11.6
3,055,654
2,921,171
6,001,246
945,820
29,759

4,984,593
9.7
2,643,739
2,440,864
4,186,393
772,693
25,607

17,352,274 10,297,183
33.8
20.2
8,898,244 6,762,414
8,454,030 4,644,769
15,011,398 9,248,187
2,233,391 1,091,575
107,486
67,421

4,676,292 4,443,265 4,122,680 3,388,366 10,967,215
787,872 843,020 792,239 683,813 2,546,535
16,480
49,868
86,327 114,214 1,497,648

 ol the Census, Department of Commerce.
Source: Bureau


6, £$8,088
1,, 323,114
1,586,985

41

POPULATION---- URBAN AND RURAL
No. 3 6 . — URBAN AND BURAIi: M arital C ondition

o f U r ban and R ural
P opulation , P ersons 15 Y ears of A ge and O ver , C o n tin en tal U nited
States , 1920, W ith C omparative P er C ents F or 1910

[Note.—T h e num ber divorced is considered to b e understated. T h e sm all num ber unknow n is om itted.

T h e m ethod of segregating th e urban and rural p opulation in certain N e w E ngland S tates has been
changed since 1910, so th a t th e absolute num bers for m arital condition in 1910 are n ot strictly com par­
able; th e percentages, how ever, w ou ld n ot b e affected b y th e sm all change]
Persons 15 years of age and over
Class

T otal i

Single M arried

*
■

Per cent of total

D i­ Sin­ M ar­ W id ­ D i­
vorced g le ried ow ed vorced

W id ­
ow ed

19^0
urban population

19,695,5006,989,294 11,605,237 897,500142,778' 35.5
81A
163 619 35.6
8A 13,928 33.3
618
1,829 231 47.8
363,354 77,523 36.2
151,574 28,683 46.3
298,225 2A 25.3
413
19.618. 7645,698,67311,310J188A896,629186,181 29.0
Females, totaL....... .......
W hite.....................................
18,214,2665,378,88210,603,936A143,65116A516 29.5
1,383,150 315, 842 790,160 250,844 23,523 22.8
N eg r o .-------------------------A ll other...............................
21,348 3,949 18092 1,127 142 ias
N a tiv e w h ite—
8, 547, 7162, 654,151 4,801,681 976, 7 1101,304I 31.1
8
Foreign or mixed parentage 6,066,800[2,008,7421 2,561,345 45A393 3A
585 39.6;
Foreign-bom white.............. 4,599,750 715,989 3,140,910 714,477 22,627 15.3
Hales, totaL..................

18,261,3636,502,83510,784,411
W hite.....................................
1,325,398 441,845 78A776
N egro.......... .......... ............
78,739 37,614 38,060
A llo th e r ----------------- . . . .
N a tiv e w hite—
N a tiv e parentage..........
8,350,1383,025,709 4,846.805
Foreign or m ixed parentage 4,578,5472,121,369 A269,772
6,362,6781,355.757 a 667,834
Foreign-born w h ite____

m

,

58.9
69.0
69.1
48.3
580
49.6
684
67.6
57.7
67.1
75.4
56.2
60.6
683

16 0.7
14 0.7
6.2 1.1
2.3 a3
14 89
3.3 0.6
5.6 T0.4
12.2 0.6
11.8 ao
181 1.7
5.3 87
11.4 1.2
89 0.8
15.6 85

59.6
59.3
61.3
65.4
59.0
63.1
65.4
018
618
61.2
683
611
62.0
718

5.0
19
87
5.8
18
as
7.4
9.8
9.3
12.6
11.3
9.1
6.7
15.6

RURAL P PU T N
O LA IO

Hales, totaL.....................

_ 17,995,1635,985,37110,244,029 860,808 09,606
8,913,702 7380U 79,044
1,267,631 118,216 1A761
6A696 A56 701:
1
6,397,484 511,467 57*266:
1,281, up 84,720 12,241
1,235,108 139,824 9,537
Females, total............................ 16,558,751A918,22910,008,7651,593,003 87,128
White.............................. . 13, 440, 575A393, 850 A706*302L25A0U, 6A
049
Negro.... .......... .............. . 2,039,960 609,416 1,249,021 257,117 20,348
78,226 14,963 53,422 a m 726
A llother............-.......... ...
Native WhiteNative parentage.............. 9,982,032A614,339 A394,184 908,219 51,439
Foreign or mixed parentage 2,144,308 669,701 1.329,525 143,014 9,581
Foreign-bom white----------- 1,314,235 119,810 98A593 204,778 6,029
White._____ ____ _______ 16,044,2235,279,830
2,067,813 663,032
Negro...........................
A llother........................J— 113,127 42,409
Native WhiteNative parentage.............. 10,741,9693,750,809
Foreign or mixed parentage A412,3931,029,731
Foreign-bom white.......... ... 1,889,861 499,290

1910

84.7
35.1
32.1
37.5
34.9
42.7
26.4
25.2
25.3
25.0
19.1
26.2
30.8
9.1

86
86

8,6
<6
L
85
85
as
86
85
1.0
89
85
84
84

Per cent of total:

U rb a n p o p u latio n —^

Males___-...................... .
Females............................
Rural population—
Males............................. .
Females....... ....................

100.0

100.0

100.0
ioao

40.0
3&
8
37.6

4.2
11,6
4.8
9.4

54.7
54. 6
56.8
63.3

26.6
1 T otal in clu d es persons w hose m arital condition w as not reported.

0. 5
0.7
0.5
as

No* 37*—DWELLINGS AND FAMILIES, URBAN AND RURAL: Continental
U nited Stages

Urban
Tenure

1916

Rural
1620

1910

Number of dwellings.................... .............................. 7,168349 9,484,650 10,645,496
Average persons per dwelling_________________
5.9
17
5.7
Number of families_______________________ ____ 9,395,436 12,803,047 18868119
Average persons per family___________________
16
15
Families having homes, 1920:
Rented______________________ ____ _______
Owned—FrArf
Mortgaged
Unknown.. . . _________ ____________ ___
Tenure unknown-_________________________

N um ber

7,879,348
A 440,695
2,167,993
99,027
215,984

P e rc w ti

N um ber

62.6
19.8 . 4,081,424
17.6 1,891*600
(i) i
186,221
325,134'

Source: Tables 36 and 37; Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. -

1920
1L21A6W
, 16
11,548629
^5
P e re^ n t

m
14

45.1
3A6
17*4
■

* FRASER
computing
Digitized for Inproportionspercentages, the numbers representing the unknown Items have been distributed ttt the
same
as the known items.


42

POPULATION OP PRIN CIPAL CITIES

No. 38.— CITIES OP OVER 50,000 INHABITANTS IN 1920: T otal P o pu latio n ,
S

e x

,

[N o t e .—P e r ce n ts sh o w p ro p o rtio n w h ic h specified class fo rm s o f t o ta l p o p u la tio n o f th e c ity .

N a tiv e w h ite , n a tiv e
p a ren tag e

T o ta l p o p u latio n
C it y

A k ro n , O hio...........................
A lb a n y , N .Y _ _ .............. ..
A llen to w n , P a ____ _____
A lto o n a, P a ........ .......... ........
A tla n ta , G a ____________
A tla n tic C it y , N . J _____
A u g u sta , G a ___________
B a ltim o re , M d .....................
B a y o n n e , N J _________
B e rk e le y , C , ‘i f _________
B eth eleh em , jr a * .................
B in g h a m to n , N . Y _____
B irm in g h a m , A la _______
B o sto n, M a s s .. - ..................
B rid g e p o rt, C o n n ................
B ro c k to n , M a s s - ___ ___
B u ffalo , N . Y ____ _____
C a m b rid g e, M a s s _____
_
C a m d en , N . J _ ._ .................
C a n to n , O hio__________
C h arlesto n , S . C _______
C h a tta n o o g a , T erm _____
_
C h e ster, P a _________ _
C h ic ago , 111...................... ..
C in c in n a ti, O h io_______
C le v e la n d , O hio________
C o lu m b u s, O hio....... ..........
C o v in g to n , K y * ...................
D a lla s, T e x _________
D a v e n p o rt, I o w a _______
D a y to n , O h io........................
D en ver, C olo___________
D es M o in es, I o w a ______
D etro it, M ic h __________
D u lu th , M in n .......................
‘ E a st O range, N . J ______
E a st S t. L o u is, E l - ............
E l P a so , T e x . _ ....... ...........
E liz a b e th , N . J .....................
E rie, P a _...........................
E v a n s v ille , I n d ....... ..........
F a ll R iv e r , M a s s ................
F lin t, M ic h ____________
F o rt W a y n e , Ind___..........
F o rt W o rth , T e x .................
G a ry , I n d ______ _______
G ra n d R a p id s ,M ic h ___
H a rrisb u rg , P a .............. ..
H a rtfo rd , C o n n ________
H a v e r h ill, M a s s ________
H o bo ken, N . J _________
H o lyo ke, M a s s ____ ____
H o u sto n , T e x _ ............
H u n tin g to n , W . V a ..........
I n d ia n a p o lis , I n d ......... ..
Ja c k s o n v ille , F l a _______
J e rs e y C ity , N . J ______
Jo h n sto w n , P a ____ ____
K a n sa s C ity , K a n s _____
K a n sa s C ity , M o ..............
K n o x v ille , T erm _______
L a n c a ste r, P a ............ ...........
L a n sin g , M ic h - _ _______
L aw ren ce, M a s s ..................
L in co ln , N e b r __________
L ittle R o ck , A r k _______
L o ng B e a c h , C a lif ______
L o s A n g eles, C a lif ..............
L o u isv ille , K y ._ ...................
L o w ell, M a s s .............. ...........
L y n n , M a s s ....................... ..
M a co FRASER
Digitized for n , G a ..............................

1880

16,612
90,758
18,063
19,710
37,409
6,477
21,891
332,313
9,372
6,193
17,317
3,086
362,839
^ 643
lo, 308
155,134
52,669
41,659
12,258
49,984
12,892
14,997
603,185
255,139
160,146
61,647
29,720
10,358
21,831
38,678
35,629
22,408
116,340
838
9,185
736
28,229
27,737
29,280
48,961
8,409
26,880
6,663
32,016
30,762
42,015
18,472
30,999
21,915
16,513
3,174
75,056
7,650
120,722
8,380
3,200
55,785
9,693
25,769
8,319
39,151
13,003
13,138
11,183
123, 758
59,475
38,274
12,749



1890

1900

1910

1920

208,435
69,067
42,728
27,601
113,344
100,253
94,151
94,923
25,228
73,502
35,416
51,913
38, 973
30,337
60,331
52,127
200,616
65,533
89,872
154,839
50,707
13,065
27,838
46,150
33,300
62,648
39,441
41,040
733,826
434,439
508,957
558,485
19,033
32,722
55, 545
76,754
5,101
56,036
13,214
40,434
60,358
6,762
7,293
* 12,t837
35,005
39,647
48,443
66,800
26,178
38,415
132,685
178,806
448,477
560,892 8 670,585
748,060
48,866
70,996
143,555
102,054
27,294
40,063
66,254
56,878
255,664
352,387
506,776
423, 715
70,028
104,839
91,886
109,694
75,935
58,313
116,309
94,538
26,189
30,667
50,217
87,091
54,955
55,807
67,957
58,833
30,154
29,100
67,895
44,604
20,226
33,988
38,637
58,030
1,099,850 1,698,575 2,185,283 2,701,705
363,591
325,902
296,908
401,247
261,353
381,768
560,663
796,841
181,511
88,150
125,660
237,031
42,938
37,371
53,|270
57, ill
38,062
42,638
158,976
92,104
26,877
35,254
43,028
56,727
116,577
61,220
85,333
152,559
106, 713
133,859
213,381
256,491
50,093
62,139
86,368
126*468
205,876
285,704
465,766
993,678
33,115
52,969
78,466
981,917
50,710
21,506
34,371
16,169
29,655
58,547
66, 767
10,338
15,906
39,279
77,560
37,764
52,130
73,409
95,783
40,634
52,733
66,525
93,372
59,007
50,756
69,647
85,264
74,398
104,863
119,296
120,485
9,803
13,103
91,599
38,560
35,393
45,115
86,549
63,933
23,076
106,482
26,688
73,312
16,802
65,378
60,278
87,665
137,634
112,571
89,385
60,167
64,186
75,917
53,230
79,850
98,915
138,036
27,412
37,176
53,884
44,115
43,648
59,364
70,324
68,166
35,637
45, 712
57,730
60,203
27, 557
78,800
44,633
138,276
10,108
11,923
31,161
50,177
105,436
169,164
314,194
233,650
17, 201
28,429
57,699
91,558
163,003
206,433
267, 779
298,103
21,805
35,936
55,482
67,327
38,316
101,177
61,418
82,331
132,716
163, 752 ■ 248,381
324,4PL0
22,535
32,637
36,346
77,818
32, Oil
41,459
47,227
53,160
13,102
16,485
31,229
57,327
44,654
62,559
85,892
94,270
40,169
55,154
43,973
54,948
25,874
38, 307
65,142
45,941
564
2,252
17,809
55,593
102,479
50,395
319,198
676,673
161,129
204,731
223,928
234* 891
77,696
94, 969
106,294
112,759
55,727
68,613
89,336
99,148
22,746
23,272
40,665
52,995

P er
N u m b er, N u m b er, cen t,
1910
1920
1920
37,793
44,472
38,368
37,740
91,987
22,410
19,861
261,474
11,301
19,479
10,495
30,490
66,312
157,870
27,156
23.008
119,692
25,716
49,581 ,
29,470
20,458
23,035
17,793
445,139
164,937
132,314
116,846
31,079
59,746
17,702
72,301
106,945
53,785
115,106
15,493
18,253
30,447
15,099
20,298
25, 740
41,945
15,868
21, 269
36,722
50,139
4,480
40,777
49, 576
31,011
19,472
13,463
9,141
37,181
27,311
150,593
22,628
74,861
26,237
48,021
153,717
26,300
.35,610
19,497
11,699
26,021
24,810
12,526
169,967
113,543
20,703
33,180
20,723

125,079
56,265
51,937
43,390
124,948
22,087
26,883
378,380
14,497
28,669
26,503
40,030
92,211
181,811
36,816
24,643
166,135
29,045
56,249
53,783
28,262
34,911
25,627
642,871
206,605
212,247
159,069
37,391
112,509
29,394
100,996
144,678
84,361
313,997
23,931
27,455
38,864
27,456
25,887
41,179
60,270
19,168
50,186
57,675
75,515
16,519
56,079
59,268
40,327
21,573
14,473
10,994
72,433
44,720
219,297
39,960
87,083
34,207
56, 575
209,134
63,558
42,126
38,373
12,325
33,381
40,851
37,888
294,458
139,403
24,676
33,988
27,923

60.0
49.6
70.7
71.9
62.3
43.6
51.2
51.6
18.9
51.2
52.6
59.9
51.6
243
25.6
37.2
32.6
26.5
48.4
61.8
41.6
60.3
44.2
23.8
51.5
26.6
67 1
65.5
70.8
51.8
66.2
56.4
66.7
31.6
24.2
54.1
58.2
35.4
27.0
44.1
70.7
15.9
548
66.6
70.9
29.8
40.7
78.1
29.2
40.0
21.2
18.3
52.4
89.1
69.8
43.6
29.2
50.8
55.9
64 5
81.7
79.3
66.9
13.1
60.8
62.7
68.2
5 1.1
59.3
2 1.9
344
52-7

43

POPULATION OF PRINCIPAL CITIES.'
1880
1920

to

1920,

b y C olor , N a t iv it y , and P aren tage ,

1910

and

1920,

and b y

T h e in c re a se from C en su s to C en su s is d u e to a n n ex a tio n of te r r ito ry a s w e ll a s to n a tu r a l in crease]
N a tiv e w h ite , foreign
or m ix e d p a re n ta g e

Foreign-b orn w h ite

C olored

1+

Sex , 1920
C it y

N um ­
b e r,
1910

N u m ­ P er
cen t,
b er,
1920
1920

17,370
39,750 19.1
38,135 33.6
36,533
7,172
12,767 17,4
8,713
10,729 17.8
8,099 4 .0
6,464
7,421
10,590 20.9
2,078 4 .0
1,899
134,870 162, 839 22.2
23,123
36,103 47. O
i
15,954 28. 5
11,863
1,441
12,546 24.9
15, 742 23.6
9,916
8,357
10,255 5 .7
257,104 309,755 41.4
57,990 4 0 .4
37,314
17,882
23,868 3 6.0
183,673 215,377 4Z5
39,794
43,101 39.3
31,242 26.9
23,128
11,798
17,304 19.9
5,180 7 .6
4,902
2,293
2,850 4 .9
13,908 2 4 .0
9,258
912,701 1,140,816 42. 2
132,190 121,666 3a 3
223,908 310,241 38.9
35, 578
39,597 16.7
15,346
13,801 24.2
13,649 8 .6
9,078
18,99* 33.5
16,649
25, 559
29,388 19.3
67,346 26,3
61,185
25,302 20:0
19,234
188,255 348,771 35.1
31,856
44,265 44.7
8,506
14,075 27.8
12,799
13,668 2 a 5
8,239
14,995 19.3
27,808
39,668 4 1.4
25,494
34,047 36.5
16,970
15,437 18,1
62,125
58,615 48.7
10,213
24, 521 26.8
19,414
20,764 24.0
5,612
7,592 7.1
17,065 30.8
3,681
42,767
52,038 37.8
7,242 9 .6
5,926
34,824
52,687 38.2
13,061
18,615 3 4 5
29,945 4 3.9
29,030
25,286
28,782 47.8
19,823 1 4 3
11,333
1,184
1,834 3 .7
41,420
43,156 13.7
3,213
6,118 6 .7
109,101 126,945 4 2.6
13,467
19,307 28.7
18,472 18.3
14,631
45,633
57,063 17.6
2,141 2 .8
1,623
7,602
7,387 13.9
12,244 21.4
7,398
42, 604 45.2
32, 553
10, 001
13, 437 2 4 5
4, 602
5, 008 7 .7
3,086
10, 353 18.6
74, 756 140,349 24.3
52, 411
43, 745 18.6
49, 793 4 4 2
4 l, 942
27,994
36,361 36.7
1, 277 Z4
1,099

N um ­
ber,
1910

N u m ­ P er N u m ­ N u m ­ P e r
ber,
cen t, b e r,
b e r, cen t,
1920
1920 1910
1920 1920

13,241
18,165
6,234
5,212
4,410
6,400
888
77,043
20,622
7,653
797
7,389
5,700
240,722
36,180
15,425
118,444
34,608
15,682
8,648
2,404
1,332
6,673
781,217
56,792
195,703
16,285
3,933
6,219
8,101
13,847
38,941
10,395
156,565
30,652
5,677
9,400
14,248
23,894
14,943
4,462
50,874
6,662
7,204
4,209
8,242
28,335
4,134
31,243
11,153
27,668
23,238
6,318
514
19, 767
2,488
77,69715,316
10,344
25,327
783
3,203
3,973
41,319
7,200
1,973
1,942
60,584
17, 436
43,457
27,344
688

37,889
17,636
8,612
5,312
4,738
7,009
927
83,911
25,472
9,573
10,943
10,368
6,084
238,919
46,414
17,124
121,530
32,104
20,262
14,680
2,143
1,240
11,292
805,482
42,827
239,538
16,065
2,883
8,730
7,644
13, 111
37,620
11,224
289,297
30,118
6,780
6,782
33,353
28,215
17,370
3,145
42,331
16,127
6,634
7,359
16,460
28,355
4,144
40,667
13,307
23,496
20,255
12,012
732
16,958
3,894
75,981
12,142
11,656
27,320
812
2,714
5,985
39,063
7,198
1, 798
6,799
112,057
11,621
38,040
27,858
698




18.2
15.6
11.7
8 ,8
2 .4
13.8
1 .8
11.4
33.2
17.1
21.7
15.5
3 .4
3 1.9
32.3
25.8
24.0
29.3
17.4
16.9
3 .2
2 .1
19,5
29.8
10.7
30.1
6 ,8
6 .0
6 .5
13.5
8. 6
14.7
8 .9
29.1
30.4
13.4
10.2
4 3 .0
2 9.5
18,6
3 .7
35.1
16.5
7 .7
6 .9
29.7
20.6
5 .5
29.5
24.7
3 4.6
33.6
8 .7
1 .5
5 .4
4 .3
25.5
18.0
11,5
8 .4
1 ,0
6 .1
10.4
41.4
13.1
2 .8
12.2
19.4
4 .9
3 3.7
28.1
1 .3

663 5,717
1,082 1,308
139
186
462
900
61,978 62,831
9,919 11,021
18,392 22,660
85,098 108,696
699
682
1,439 1,840
104
366
648
660
52,316 70,256
14,889 17, 575
1,404 2,335
563
619
1,906 4,783
4,822 5,444
6,147 8,556
301 1,324
31,069 32,872
17,944 18,894
4,813 7,203
46,226 112,536
19,672 30,150
8,738 34,815
12,802 22,310
2,912 3,046
18,061 24,088
576
698
4,870 9,064
6,310 6,847
2,954 5,581
5,840 41,613
465
60$
1,935 2,400
6, 901 7,463
1,603 1,766
1,409 2,013
348
776
6,270 6,412
438
371
406 1,765
593 1,476
13,352 16,016
399 5,334
692 1,162
4,550 5,263
1, 837 4,355
429
389
252
163
65
172
23,968 34,008
2,152 2,891
21,870 34,783
29,370 41,586
6,120 8,094
462 1,671
9,335 14,474
23,704 30,893
7,640 11,307
812
923
725
361
321
278
751
932
14,556 17,485
255
653
13,891 29,809
40,538 40,122
192
250
941
318
18,155 23,097

H a le s

F em a les

87,266 A kro n .
2 .7 121,169
58,670 A lb a n y .
64,674
1 .2
36,053
0 .3
37,449 A lle n to w n .
29,814
1 .6
30,517 A lto o n a.
96,457 104,159 A tla n ta .
31.3
24,223
26,484 A tla n tic C it y
21.7
27,249 A u g u sta .
43,1
25,299
14.8 366,560 372,266 B a ltim o r e . '
39,917
36,837 B a y o n n e .
0 .9
29,804 B e r k e le y . \
3 .3
26,232
25,928
24,430 B e th le h e m .
0 .7
34,321 B in g h a m to n
1 .0
32,479
39.3
89,015
89,791 B irm in g h a m .
2 .3 - 368,756 379,304 B o sto n .
69,846 B rid g ep o rt.
73,709
1 .6
33,445 B ro c kto n .
0 ,9
32, $09
0 .9 253,654 253,121 B u ffalo .
5 .0
67,266 C a m b rid g e
62,428
7 .4
69, 212
57,097 C a m d e n .
1 .5
39,903 C an to n .
47,188
35,207 C h a rlesto n .
4 7 .6
32,750
32.6
28,978
28,917 C h attan o o g a.
12.4
31,554
26, 476 C h e ster.
4 .2 1,369,917 1,331,788 C h icago .
7 .5 194,342 206,905 C in c in n a ti.
4 .4 413,398 383,443 C le v e la n d .
9 .4 118,810 118, 221 C o lu m b u s.
29,660 C o v in gto n .
6 .3
27,461
79,470 D a lla s.
15,2
79,606
28,071 D aven p o rt.
1 .2
28,666
75,445 D a yto n .
6 .9
77,114
2 .7 131,906 124,585 D en ver.
64,290 D es M oin es.
62,178
4 .4
4 .2 540,248 453,430 D etro it.
47,044 D u lu th .
51,873
0 .6
27,454 E a st O range.
23,256
4 .7
31,702 E a st S t. L o u is.
11.2
35,065
40,307 E l P aso .
37,193
2L3
2 .1
49,530
46,253 E liz a b e th .
46,960
46,412 E rie.
0 .8
43,802 E v a n s v ille .
41,462
7 .5
62,567 F a ll R iv e r .
0 .3
57,918
39,944 F lin t.
1 .9
61,655
42,688
1 .7
43,961 F o rt W a y n e .
50,116 F o rt W o rth .
15.0
56,366
23, 668 G a ry .
9 .6
31,810
70,118 G ran d R a p id s .
0 .8
6% 516
6 .9
37,176
38, 741 H a rris b u rg .
09,106
68,930 H a rtfo rd .
3 .2
26,490
27,394 H a v e r h ill.
0 .7
35,663
32, 503 H o b o ken .
0 .4
31,302 H o lyo k e .
0 .3
28,901
69,048
69,228 H o u sto n .
24.6
25,000 H u n tin g to n .
25,177
5 ,8
11.1 155,839 158,355 In d ia n a p o lis.
46,547 J a c k s o n v ille .
4 5.4
45,011
2 .7 150,416 147,687 J e r s e y C it y .
35,026
2 .5
32,302 Jo h n sto w n .
51,798
49,379 K a n sa s C it y .
14.3
9 .6 162,362 162,048 K a n sa s C it y .
37,603
14.5
40,215 K n o x v ille .
25,033
1 .7
28,117 L a n c a s te r.
30,098
27,229 L a n s in g ,
1 .3
47,389 L aw ren ce*
0 .3
46,881
26,554
28,394 L in co ln .
1 .7
26.8
31,750
33,392 L it t le R o c k .
26,153
29,440 L o n grB eaeh .
1 .0
6 .2 285,175 291,498 L o s A n g eles.
17.1 112,159 122,732 L o u is v ille .
0 .2
54,271 , 58,488 L o w e ll.
50,274 L yn n ,.
48,874
0 .9
4 3 .6
25*5681 27,427 M a co n ,

POPULATION OF PRIN CIPAL CIT IE S

44

No. 3 8 .— C it ie s of d v e e 5 0 ,0 0 0

N a tiv e w hite, n ative
parentage

T otal population
C it y

1880

1890

1900

1910

1920

Per
N um ber, N um ber, cen t,
1920
1910
1920

18,851 24.0
16,119
78,384
70,063
44,126
56,987
32,630
59,985
82,795 51.0
33,592
64,495 102,320 131,105 162,351
78,823 130, 845 20. 6 ,
115, 587 204,468 285,315 373,857 457,147
96,186 133,178 35.0
46,887 164,738 202,718 301,408 380,582
20,944
60,777
29,060 47.8
51,521
31,076
38,469
29,182
63,687
74,022 62.5'
110,364 118.342
76,168
43, 350
20,098 16.6
18,738
121,217
62,442
40,733
26,845
11,161 18.8
8,755
43,916
59,316
25,998
16,519
11,800
37,726
81,298 108,027 133,605 162,537
44,401 27 3
* 62,882
216,090 242,039 287,104 339,075 387,219 147,473 190,641 49.2
1,911,698 2,507,414 3,437,202 4,766,883 5,620,048 921,318 1,164,834
94,737 113,413 9 1
136,508 181,830 246,070 347,469 414,524
7,721
13,477 26.6
50,760
30,445
19,457
57,759 49.9
34,471
34,871
21,966
46,624
67,452 115,777
90,279 41.7
55,198
150,174 216,261
48,682
34,555
47,880
4,151
71,446 78.3
64,205
91,295
10,037
52,917
86, 525 45.2
30,518 140,452 102,555 6 124,096 191,601
7,536
8,816 13.8
54,773
63,841
13,028
6.532
27,777
31,824 23.4
78,347 105,171 125,600 135* 875
51,031
12,627
14,780 23.0
61,622
27,633
64,248
39,231
19.030
66,950
46,213 60.7
76,121
41,024
56,100
29,259
847,170 1,046,964 1,293,697 1,549,008 1,823,779 584*008 698,782 38.3
235,071 343,904 451, 512 533,905 588.343 176,089 216,530 36.8
31,121
69,272
58,571
36,425
33,810
35,969 51.9
50,145
46,385
104,163 136,216 52.7
90.426 207,214
17,677
18,203
26,744 49.2
33,190
13,268
54,387
17.427
11,390
63,728 26.8
237,595
104,867 132,146 175,597 224,—
59,966
8,814
21,014
29,102
68,593
16.031
3 8,___
17,211 29.4
74,714
81,000 75.2
96,071 107,784
78,961
58,661
43,278
81,388
69,130 102,956 60.0
85.050 127,628 171*667
63,600
25,089
50,842
39,000 76.7
34,874
16,159
21,495
669
74,525 111,976 37.9
162,608 218,149 295,750
89,366
23,584
15,395
45,401
24,141 36.8
65,651
31.051
13; 129
19,821
26,386
32,696 49.6
29,282 * 44,696
21,420
46,322
17,257
25,805 4 1 7
50,510
42,345
10, 525
81, „
77,403
52,324 102,979
32,431
53,531 68.7
50,316
77,939
350, 518 451,770 575,238
772,897 269,836 859,482 46.5
77,378 33.0
61.594
41,473 133,156 163,065 214,744 234,698
92,777 118, llfl
44,843
20,768
56,231 47.6
33,152
53.531
44,629
53,321
37,673
76,299 47.3
96,614 161,379
20,550
41,514
39,578
22,500
16,159
2,637
74,683
17,700
233,959 298,997 342,782 416,912 606,670 115,359 167,170
34*420 41.3
22,634
54,244
65,064
43,189
30,709
83,252
19,902
72,826
31,538
88,723
31,682
35,897 40.5
13,655
75,215 102,026 129,867 137,783
38,745 J 48,715 35.4
45,850
42,837
80.671 237,194 315,312 105,784 139,701; 44.3
3.533
37,806
38.751 54.4
47,828
7,366
22,405
71,227
33, 111
40,152
61,643
77,236
32,289 34. 7
29.573
93,091
22,880
21,819
13,280
33,915 47.8
35,999
53.684
70,983
19,922
57,324 54.9
54.574
36,848 104,402 104,437
27,944
24,963
34,159
51,678
19,743
35,255 59.6
59,183
44,179
62,059
35,732
33,340
48,945 37.8
88,926 129,614
31,895
46,921
20,730
30,577
43,037 70.7
60,840
38,253
51,792
80,072 46.6
88,143 108,374 137,249 171,717
58*408
44,657 46.1
36.006
83,743
37, 714
36,481
96,965
5*532
17,542 34.0
12,037
15,839
37,782
720
51,608
42,686
26,042
30,217
36,673
58,157
48,976 74.1
66*083
75,147 124,055 5J.0
81,434 131,822 168,497 243,164
50,137
31.007
33,608
33,594 67.2
27,800
43.684
15,452
50,022
57,458
38,679
73,307
96,815 119,289
29,910
44,195 37.0
32,224
60,956
56,747
33,082 45.9
60,651
76,813
72,013
1,390
18* 182
55,600 77.2
14*402
72,075
44,007
33,914
56,383
25,869
74,419
94,156
33.751 35.8
177,624 230,392 278, 718 331,069 437,571 166,711 239,488 54.7
18,238
28,646
73,141
45,859
17,806
22,122 24.1
91,715
34,522
41,641
22,385
38,878
30,737
34,059 60.6
56,208
24.671
52,450
4,911
58,052 80.4
40,738
23,853
72,217
61,721
23,339
37,718
67,105
28*709 38.9
24,423
73,833
76,508
87,411 m i66 44*937
42,478
61,431
51.6
58,291
84* 655
50,716 28.2
118, 421 145,986 179,754
41,421
47,931
18,892
30,059 30.0
32,033
21,640
79,803 100,176
46,459 35.1
15,435
25.595
33,220
44,885
79,066 13% 358
Source; B ureau of th e C ensus, D epartm ent o f C om m erce.
1 Includ es In dian s, C hinese, Japanese, and other n on w h ite.
9 T ota l population for 1910, Including Sou th B eth leh em and W est B ethlehem Boroughs, now a part of
B eth leh em , 32,810; n ativ e w h ite o f n ative parentage, 16,498; n ative w h ite o f foreign or m ixed parentage,
6,920; foreign-born w h ite, 9,159; N egro, 228; other colored, 5.
3 T ota l pop u lation for 1910, including H y d e Park, annexed since 1910, 686,092; n ative w hite of native

parentage, 163,028; n ative w h ite of foreign or m ixed parentage, 262,908; foreign-born w hite, 245,164; N egro,
13,661; other colored, 1,341.
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/
M a n c h e ste r, N . H -----M e m p h is , T e n n _____
M ilw a u k e e , W is -------M in n e a p o lis, M in n —
M o b ile , A la .....................
N a s h v ille , T e n n _____
N ew B ed fo rd , M a s s _ .
N e w B r ita in , C on n—
N e w H a v e n , C o n n ,. _
N ew O rlean s, L a ____
N e w Y o rk , N , Y A . „
N e w a rk , N . J ________
N ia g a r a F a lls , N . Y__
N o rfo lk, V a ....................O a k la n d , C a lif ,..............
O k la h o m a C it y , O k la
O m ah a, N eb r..................
P a s s a ic , N . J - ; .....................
P aterson* N . j ..... ................
P a w tu c k e t, R . I ..................
P eo ria , 111.,........................ .
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a , , ------ P itts b u r g h , P a ._ _ ............
P o r tla n d , M e .................... ..
P o r tla n d , O r e g . .. ----- P o rtsm o u th , V a _____ . . .
P ro v id en c e, R . I __
R a c in e , W is ._ ._ .1 ____
_
R e a d in g , P a _____ _____ _
R ich m o n d , V a .....................
R o a n o k e , V a___..................
R o ch ester, N . Y ................ .
R o ck fo rd , 111.........................
S a cra m en to , C a lif ,_____
S a g in a w , M i c h . . . ............ .
S t . Jo se p h , M o ________
S t . L o u is , M o . ...................
S t . P a u l, M in n ...................
S a lt L a k e C it y . U ta h _
_
S a n A n to n io , T e x —
.
S a n D ieg o t C a lif .______
S a n F ra n c isc o , C a lif ___
S a v a n n a h , G a ______ . . .
S c h e n e c ta d y , N . Y ..........
S c ra n to n , P a ................... ..
S e a ttle , W a s h .....................
S io u x C i t y , I o w a ............
S o m e rv ille , M a s s ______
S o u th B e n d , I n d ______
S p o k a n e , W a s h ......... .........
S p rin g fie ld , 111....................
S p rin g fie ld , M a s s ..............
S p rin g fie ld , O h io .............. .
Syracuse, N Y .............. ..
.
T a c o m a , W a s h ,................
T a m p a , F l a . . , _ .................
T e rre H a u t e , I n d ______
T o led o , O h io .......................
T o p e k a , K a n s _________
T re n to n , N . J .....................
T r o y , N . Y __...................
T u ls a , O k la ..........................
U tic a , N . Y _ .......................
W a sh in g to n , D . C .7.........
W a te r b u r y ,C o n n ............
W h e e lin g , W . V a ..............
W ic h ita , K an s....................
W ilk es-B a rre, P a , ............
W ilm in g to n , D e l . . ...........
W o rcester, M a s s ,...............
Y o n kers, N . Y .................. .
Y o u n gsto w n , O hio_____

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

BS

45

POPULATION OF PRINCIPAL CITIES
I n h abitan ts in 1920, e tc .— Continued
N a tiv e w h ite , foreign
o r m ix e d p a re n tag e
N um ­
b e r,
1910

N um l<
1920

24,197
31,939
12,138
12,543
182,530 213,911
116,548 155,155
5,788
5,585
6,294
7,151
47,355
32,336
26,602
17,037
49,434
67,729
74,244
69,283
1,820,141 %
303,082
132, 350 166,807
18,874
10,385
4,318
7,880
49.936
68,563
6,399
7,948
39, 595
59,140
18.209
28,042
50,179
57,28$
20, 767
28,084
19.936
19,964
496, 785 591,471
191,483 213,465
19,692
15,054
51,009
69,631
2.242
2,812
82,354
99,077
24.858
16,561
16,298
11.750
9,981
7,664
1,630
1,086
83,687 110,792
15,973
23,641
18,638
12,999
24,119
21,225
14,699
13,758
246,946 239,894
93,398 102,198
34,284
41,113
33,854
23,765
17,746
8,549
153,781 182,643
5,818
6,363
22,324
31.858
55, 431
59,931
61,134
89,004
14, 659
20,026
26,632
36,254
16,725
22,390
27,277
29,230
13, $55
14,893
28,656
46,604
8.243
8,005
46,912
57,979
23,877
29,336
6,857
11,837
9,164
9,779
59,383
75,185
7,183
8,102
29.209
40,634
28, 491
26,836
1,204
5,216
26,882
36,756
45,066
58,824
28,590
38,695
‘ 12,630
14,720
6,383
7,550
25,926
30,000
26,235
19,694
54.751
74,257
29,960
42,419
45,302
26,654

P er
ce n t,
1920

F oreign-born w h ite
N um ­
b er,
1910

N um ­
b e r,
1920

40.7
29,692
27,516
6,467
7 .1
5,775
46.8 111, 456 110,068
40.8
85,938
88,032
9 .5
2,208
2,006
5 .3
2,993
2,387
42,625
39.1
48,689
4 4.8
18,015
21,230
42,784
4 1.7
45,686
2 7.9
27,686
25,992
4 1 .0 1,927,703 1,991,547
4 0 .2 110,655 117,003
12,064
3 7 .2
17,886
3,564
6 .8
6,587
36,822
45,162
31.7
3,214
3,477
8 .7
27,068
30.9
35,381
4 3.9
28,467
26,365
4 2 .2
45.145
45,398
17,956
4 3 .7
21,024
26.2
7,790
8,810
32U 382,578 397,927
3 6 .3 140,436 120,266
28.4
12.078
13,229
43.780
47,114
2 7.0
6.2 1,115 1,543
4 1 .7
76,303
68,951
12,609
4 2 .4
16,199
15.1
8,812
9, 553
4,637
5 .8
4,085
869
3 .2
770
58,993
71.321
3 7.5
17,343
3 6.0
13,828
10,873
8,885
28.3
11,701
11,605
3 9.0
8,113
6,423
17.7
3 1.0 125,706 103,239
56,524
43.6
51,595
19,035
3 4.8
19,434
21.0
17,407
36,646
7,366
2 3 .3
13,295
3 6 .0 130,874 140,200
3,332
7 .6
3,247
3 5.9
18,631
20,490
35,112
4 3.5
28,568
28.2
60,835
73,875
10,452
11,216
28.1
38.9
20,751
24,182
31.5
13,391
13,420
2 8.0
21,220
16,826
25.2
6,900
6,255
36.0
22,999
31,250
3,156
13.2
2,757
30.781
33.8
32.321
30.3
21,463
20,563
22.9
9,896
10,666
3,796
3,667
14.8
32,037
30.9
38.145
16.2
4,153
4,000
26,310
34.1
30,073
37.3
15,432
11,483
7 .2
412
2,025
39.01
21,308
23,257
13.4
24,351
28,548
25,498
29,894
4 2 .2
6,418
26.2
5,796
1 0.6
2,855
3,021
16.078
4 0.6
14,576
2 3.8
13,678
16,279
4 1 .3
48,492
63,418
26,590
25,700
4 2.3
34.2
33,834
24,860

C o lo red 1

P er N u m ­ N u m ­ P er
b e r, ce n t,
cen t, b e r,
1920 1920
1920 1910
35.1
3 .6
24.1
23.1
3 .3
2 .0
4 0.2
3 5.8
28.1
6 .7
3 5.4
28. 2
3 5.2
5 .7
2 0 .9
3 .8
18.5
41.3
3 3 .2
3 2 .7
10.2
2 1.8
20.4
19.1
18.2
2 .8
2 9 .0
27.6
8 .9
2 .7
1 .7
24.1
26.4
16.5
18.7
8 .2
13.4
2 2.0
16.5
2 2.7
17.8
2 7.7
3 .9
23.1
20.7
23.4
15.7
2 6.0
18.9
16.1
10.6
24.1
4 .6
18.8
2 1.2
2 0.7
6 .5
15.7
8 .0
25.2
15.9
2 .8
217
6 .5
3 2.6
10.3
12
19.7
118
2 9.7
25.7
25.6

Sex, 1920
C ity
M a le s

F em ales

37,583
40,801
55 - 78 0 .1
52,515 61,238 37.7
79,116
83,235
1,048 2,323 0 .5 228,614 228,533
2,736 4,217 1.1 189,215 191,367
29,149
22,784 23,923 39.4
31,628
56,004
36,533 35,639 30.1
62,338
59,388
61,829
2,953 5,075 4 2
30,859
109
323 0 .5
28,457
80,221
3,661 4,721 2 .9
82,316
89,672 101,303 26.-2 189,026 198,193
97,721 160,585 2 .9 2,802,638 2,817,410
9,727 17,301 4 .2 209,200 205,324
27,113
275
23.647
523 1 .0
55,759
60,018
25,099 43,551 3 7 .6
8 ,218 12,257 6 .7 111,954 104,307
46,640
6,712 s,m 9 .2
44,655
98,954
4,516 10,555 5 .5
92.647
31,840
618 1 .0
661
32,001
1,631 1,621 1 .2
68,627
67,248
360 a o
272
31,158
33,090
38,211
37,910
1,589 2,154 2 .8
85,637 135,599 7 .4 907,633 916,146
25.897 38,082 6 .5 296,260 292,083
33,306
318
382 0 6
35,966
8,262 6,327 2 .1 132,115 126,173
28,002
11,630 23,288 4 2.8
26,385
5,703 6,839 2 .5 115,154 122,441
31,524
27,069
325 0 6
118
53,198
933 0 9
54,586
795
91,036
80,631
46,749 64,093 3 1.5
25,037
7.929 9,343 18.4
25,805
944 1,661 0 6 145,494 150,256
526 0 8
33*550
205
3 ^ 101
34,529
2,991 3,701 5 .6
31,379
30,879
31,024
327
374 0 6
38,916
4,275
39,023
<04
44,541
9 .1 383,402 389,495
3,228
1 .5 117,368 117,330
58,697
59,413
1,306
1 .1
80,782
10,813 14,580 9 .0
80,597
37,910
36,773
1,113 2,12$ 2 .8
16,654 3 .3 272,703 233,973
16.898
40,611
33,280 39,222 47.1
42.741
478 0 .5
44,857
333
43,866
70,234
569 0 4
67,549
579
12,732 4 .0 167,601 147,711
9,441
37,568
33,659
312 1,234 1 .7
48.741
366 0 4
44,350
280
659 1,287 1 .8
36,214
34,769
62,108
1,331 1,057 1 .0
5^ 329
2,979 2,780 4 .7
30,487
28,696
63,722
1,539 2,815 2 .2
65,892
4,945 7,041 11.6
30,503
30,337
85,935 ~ 85,782
1,148 1,345 0 8
51,601
as
1,922
45,364
25,998
2a 4
25,610
8,993
32,853
33,230
2,811 3,661 5 .5
125,518 117.646
1.930 5,779 a 4
23,918
4,548 4,326 8 .6
"26* 104
2,617 4*387 3 .7
58,050
60,639
666
38*937
612 0 8 , 33,076
2,164 9,174 i a 7 [ 37,639 ; 34,436
360
48,354
392 0 4 J ; 45,802
94,941 110,711 25.3 203,543 234; 028
815 1,004 i , i . 47,430 ! 44,285
28,772
27,436
1,208 1,633 a 9
35,659 ; 36,558
2,474 3,594 6 .0
36,339 1 37,494
557 0 8
678
56,180 i 53,988
9,102 10^786 9 .8
90,168
1,,322 1*363 M
59,586
49,010 ; 51,166
1,613 1,998 $ 0
61,588
1,957 6,763 S i
70,770

45
£3

£8

M a n c h e ste r.
M e m p h is .
M ilw a u k e e .
M in n e a p o lis.
M o b ile .
N a s h v ille .
N e w B ed fo rd .
N e w B r ita in .
N ew H av en ,
N ew O rleans.
N ew Y o rk .
N e w a rk .
N ia g a r a F a lls .
N orfolk
O a k la n d .
O klah o m a C ity .
O m ah a.
P a ssa ic .
P a te rs o n .
P a w tu c k e t.
P e o ria . j
P h ila d e lp h ia .
P itts b u r g h .
P o r tla n d , M e .
P o r tla n d , O reg.
P o rtsm o u th .
P ro v id en c e.
R a c in e .
R e a d in g .
R ich m o n d .
R o an o ke.
R o ch ester.
R ockford.
S acram en to .
S a g in a w .
S t . Jo sep h .
S t . L o u is.
S t. P a u l.
S a lt L a k e C it y .
S a n A n to n io .
S a n D iego.
S a n F ran cisco .
S avan n ah .
S c h e n e c ta d y .
S c ra n to n .
S e a ttle .
S io u x C it y .
S o m e rv ille .
S o u th B en d .
S p o k an e.
S p rin g field .
S p rin g fie ld .
S p rin g field .
S yracu se.
T a co m a .
T am pa.
T e rre H a u te .
T o ledo.
T o peka.
T re n to n .
T ro y.
T u ls a .
U tic a .
W h e e lin g . *
W ic h ita .
W ilk e s - B a n e .
W ilm in g to n . ?

Y oungstow n.

* P o p u la tio n o f to w n , in c lu d in g c it y ; to w n a n d c it y n o t retu rn ed s e p a ra te ly .
* P o p u la tio n s h o w n is fo r N e w Y o rk C it y a s ho w c o n stitu te d .
-*
* T o ta l p o p u la tio n for 1910, in c lu d in g S o u th O m ah a, an n ex ed sin ce 1910, 150,366'; n a tiv e w h ite of n a tiv e
a re n ta g e , 61,416; n a t iv e w h ite o f foreign or m ix ed p a ren tag e, 48;623; fo reign-bom w h ite , 34,002; N egro
,143; o*her colored, 271,
7 FRASER
for P o p u la tio n s h o w n is for D is tr ic t of C o lu m b ia , w it h w h ich th e c it y is no w co exten sive.

Digitized


46

POPULATION ENGAGED IN GAIN FUL OCCUPATIONS

No. 3 9 . — NUMBER AND PROPORTION OF PERSONS ENGAGED IN GAINFUL
OCCIfPATIONS : C ontinental U nited S t a t e s , 1 9 1 0 and 1 9 2 0
M a le s , 10 y e ars a n d over

F em a les, 10 y e a r s an d over

In g a in fu l occu­
p atio n s

C en su s y e a r a n d a g e p erio d

I n g a in fu l occu­
p atio n s
T o ta l
num ber

T o tal
num ber
N u m b er

P er
cen t

87,027,668

30,091,664

81.3

34,662,712

8,075,772

23.4

3,665, 779
1, 798,449
4,564,179
17,849,843
9,149,308

609,030
744,109
3,615,623
17,262,209
7,860,593

16.6
4 1.4
7 9.2
9 6 .7
85.9

3,693,239
1,770,898
4,632,821
16,331,449
8,224,305

286* 946
350,140
1,847, 600
4*302,969
1,288,117

8 .0
19.8
39.9
26.3
15.7

42,289,969

33,064,737

78.2

40,449,346

8,649,511

21.1

10 to 13 y e a r s ....................................................
4,336,009
14 a n d 16 y e a r s .................................. ................. ! 1,958,976
16 a n d 17 y e a r s ................ - ........ .......................
1,902,867
18 a n d 19 y e a r s ..................................................
1,845,246
20 to 24 y e a r s .......................................................
4,527,046
25 to 44 y e a r s . . . . . . ....................................
16,028,920
45 to 64 y e a r s .................. .....................................
9,114,960
2,483,071
65 y e a r s a n d o v er..............................................
92,876
A ge u n k n o w n ............... ...................................

268,269
465,989
1,108,466
1,443,968
4,121,392
15,579,586
8,552,175
1,492,837
67,076

6 .0
23.3
68.0
78.3
9 1 .0
9 7 .2
9 3.8
60.1
'i 5

4*258, 863
1*948,734
1,926,264
1,896,734
4,749, 976
15,249,602
7,915, 205
%
450,144
55,824

119,804
226,806
609,192
802,235
1,809,075
3,417,373
1,352,479
196,900
15,647

2 .8
11.6
3 1.6
42.3
38.1
22.4
17.1
8 .0
28.0

N u m b er

P er
cen t

1910
10 y e a r s a n d over................................
10 to 13 y e a r s , . . . . ...........................................
14 a n d 15 y e a r s - ...............................................
16 to 20 y e a r s ...........- ............................ .............
21 to 44 y e a r s * . .................................... ............
46 y e a r s a n d o v er........................ .....................
1920
10 y e a r s a n d over..................................

Sou rce: B u re a u of t h e C en su s, D ep a rtm en t of C om m erce.
1 In clu d es persons of u n k n o w n age.

Wo. 4 0 . — NUMBER AND PROPORTION OP PERSONS Ea^AGED IN GAINFUL
OCCUPATIONS: B y S e x , A g e , R ac e , N a t iv it y , and P a r e n t a g e , C onti­
nental U nited S tates , 19 2 0
[N ote .—P e r ce n ts rep resen t th e pro portion w h ic h persons em p lo ye d form of th e to ta l n u m b e r of p er­
sons of th e sp ecified class a n d age]

N a tiv e w h ite n a tiv e p a ren tag e

N a tiv e w h ite-fo r­
eig n or m ix e d
p a ren tag e

F oreign-b om
w h ite

N egro

Sex a n d a g e perio ds
N u m b er

P er
cen t

N u m b er

P er
cen t

N u m b er

P er
cen t

N u m b er

P er
ce n t

H a le ................................

16,788,668

76.1

6,237,012

75.2

6,627,997

89.3

3,252,862

81.1

10 to 13 y e a r s ...........................
H a n d 15 y e a r s .......................
16 a n d 17 y e a r s .......................
18 a n d 19 y e a r s .......................
20 to 24 y e a r s ...........................
26 to 44 y e a r s _____ ______
45 to 64 y e a r s ...........................
65 y e a r s a n d ov er..............
A ge u n k n o w n .- .....................

144,605
245,639
608,005
823,481
2,289,446
7,726,512
4,088*668
831,456
30,856

5 .6
2 0.6
6 3 .2
75.3
8 9 .9
9 7 .0
9 3.9
6 0.9
52.5

13,160.
94,260
279,938
341, 770
925,130
2,910,176
1,608,153
160,123
4,312

1 .2
20.7
6 2:8
8 1 .0
9 1 .2
9 6 .9
9 2 .6
63.1
73.9

3,269
19,657
72,461
102,814
435,548
3,484,701
2,143,433
355,076
11,039

2 .6
24.7
71.6
87.3
95.3
98.1
93.5
52.3
80.4

96,470
95,407
140,568
171, 209
455,308
1,376,666
767,459
139,476
10,299

19.5
4 2.4
6 8.2
83.8
9 3.5
97.3
9 7.2
80.2
76.2

Female..................

3,733,329

17,2

2,110,454

24.8

1*118,463

18.4

1,571,289

38.8

10 to 13 y e a r s .......................
14 a n d 15 y e a r s ____ _____
16 a n d 17 y e a r s .......................
18 a n d 19 y e a r s .......................
20 to 24 y e a r s ____________
25 to 44 y e a r s ....... ...................
4 5 to 6 4 y e a r s .................... ..
65 y e a r s a n d o v er..................
A ge u n k n o w n . .................

48,437
88,495
264,121
378,393
855, 946
1,439,349
558,202
93,033
7,353

1 .9
7 .6
2 3 .2
3 4.4
3 2.5
18.4
14.4
6 .8
2 2.0

4,356
63,294
203,981
248,416
521,017
774,177
271,734
21,680
1,794

0 .4
1 3 .9
4 5 .3
5 7.6
4 8.8
2 4 .6
1 6 .7

1,501
14* 265
56,929
72,237
177,030
506,267
250,084
38,453
1,697

1 .2
17.7
515
5 8.6
3 7.7
18.6
13.9
5 .9
26.0

64,982
60,372
83,549
102,238
252,417
689,933
269,955
43,096
4,747

13.1
2 5.5
3 7 .2
4 3.7
415
4 5.2
4 5.7
27.1
47.5


Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.


8;s

3 3 .2

47

POPULATION---- OCCUPATIONS

No. 4 1 .—PERSONS 10 YEARS OF AGE AND OYER ENGAGED IN EACH GEN­
ERAL DIVISION OF OCCUPATIONS: C ontinental Un ited S t a te s , 1910
and 1920
B o th sexes

M a le s

F em ales

C lass of occu p atio n
1910

1920

1910

1920

1910

41,814,248

80,091,664

33,064,787

8,075,772

8,549,511

112,659,082
1.965,169

10,953,158 110,851, 581
1,090,223
1 964,075

9,869,030
1,087,359

1,807,501
1,094

1,084,128
2, b64

110,628,731
12,637,420
3,614,670

12,818,524
3,063,582
4,242,979

18,808,161
1 2, 530,795
3,146,582

10,888,183
2,850,528
3,575,187

1 1,820,570
1 106,625
468,088

1,930,341
213,054
667,792

459,291
1 1,693,361
13,772,559
1,737,053
100.0

770,460
2,143,889
3,404,892
3,126,541
100.0

445,733
1959,470
1 1,241,338
1,143,829
100.0

748,666
1,127,391
1,217,968
1,700,425
100.0

13,558
1733,891
* 2,531,221
593,224
100.0

21,Zp4
1,016,498
2,186,924
1,426,116
100.0

33.2
2.5

26.3
2. 6

36.1
3 .2

29.8
3 .3

22.4
(*)

27.8
6 .9
9 .5

30.8
7 .4
10.2

29.3
8 .4
10.5

32.9
8 .6
10.8

22.6
1.3
5.8

22.6
2 .5
7 .8

1 .2
4 ,4
9 .9
4 .6

1 .9
5 ,2
8 .2
7 .5

1 .6
8 .2
4 .1
3 .8

2 .3
3 .4
8 .7
5 .1

0 .2
9 .1
31.3
7 .3

0 .3
11.9
25.6
10.7

AU occupations.................... 88,167,830
A g ric u ltu re , fo re stry , a n d
a n im a l h u s b a n d r y — ..............
E x trac tio n of m in e ra ls _______
M a n u fa c tu rin g a n d m ec h a n i­
c a l in d u s trie s -...............................
T ra n sp o rtatio n ______________
T ra d e _______ _______ ________
P u b lic s e rv ic e (n o t else w h e re
c la ssifie d )..........................................
P ro fessional se rv ic e ........................
D o m estic a n d p e rso n a l serv iceC le ric a l occu pation s.................. ..
P e r c e n t of total..................
A g ric u ltu re , fo re stry, a n d
a n im a l h u s b a n d r y ......................
E x tra c tio n o f m in e ra ls ,- ..............
M a n u fa c tu rin g a n d m ec h a n i­
c a l in d u s trie s ----------- -----------T r a n s p o r t a t io n ,,............................
T r a d e ,......................................... ..........
P u b lic s e rv ic e (n o t elsew h ere
c la ssified ).........................................
P ro fessional se rv ic e ____ _____
D o m estic a n d p e rso n al se rv ic e .
C le ric a l o ccu p atio n s.......................

1920

12.7
(*)

Sou rce: B u re a u o f th e C en su s, D ep a rtm e n t of C om m erce,
i F ig u re s co rrected to conform to 1920 classificatio n .
3 L ess th a n o n e-ten th of 1 p e r ce n t.

No. 42.— NUMBER ENGAGED IN EACH GENERAL DIVISION OF OCCUPATIONS:
B y S e x a n d A g e , C o n t i n e n t a l U n i t e d S t a t e s , 1920
[Note.—F or to ta ls of a ll ages see T a b le 41

A few persons of u n k n o w n a g e a re o m itted ]
A ge groups—

C lass of o ccu p atio n

10 to 13 14 a n d 16 a n d 17 18 a n d 19
years
y e a rs 15 ye a rs
y e a rs

20 to 24
y e a rs

25 to 44
ye ars

45 to 64
y e a rs

65 y e a rs
a n d over

M ALE

A ll occupations____ 258, 259 455, 989 1,103,456 1,443,968 4,121,892 16,679,586 8, 652,175 1,492,837
A g ric u ltu re , fo restry, a n d
a n im a l h u s b a n d r y ........... 221,409 237,829
6,447
698
E x tra c tio n o f m in e ra ls___
M a n u fa c tu rin g a n d m e­
c h a n ic a l in d u s tr ie s .......... 6,737 97, 598
1,682 13,935
T ra n sp o rta tio n ......................
T ra d e _______ _______ ___ 16,369 32,865
P u b lic se rv ic e (n o t else­
136
949
w h ere c la ssifie d )................
325
1, 654
P ro fessional serv ice.............
D o m estic a n d p e rso n al
s e rv ic e ....................... ............. 4,880 11,202
C le ric a l occu pation s_____ 6,123 53,510
FEMALE
A ll occupations____ 119,804 226,806
A g ric u ltu re , fo restry, a n d
. a n im a l h u s b a n d r y ........... 107,549
49
E x trac tio n o f m in e ra ls ___
M a n u fa c tu r in g a n d m e­
c h a n ic a l in d u s t r ie s ____ 2,736
T ra n sp o rta tio n _________
217
844
T ra d e ____ ______________
P u b lic se rv ic e (n o t else­
17
w h ere c lassified ) ...............
296
P ro fessional se rv ic e ......... ..
D o m estic a n d p erso n al
se rv ic e ____ . .
.......... 7,292
804
C le ric a l o ccu p atio n s___ .


Source.* Bureau of the Census,


396,484
42,906

457,588 1,134,649
54,024
143,920

3,966,116 2,783,518
236,137
577,472

662,046
22,366

366,216
60,989
79,620

475,401 1,395,784
404,352
120,285
104,222
372,471

5,461,425 2,685,508
661,331
1,503,895
1,799,041 1,020,498

378,673
76,619
144,500

10,833
5,774

50,993
17,792

114,931
106,632

306,491
605,682

214,156
328,893

47,415
58,614

24,388
116,247

32,940
130,723

112,716
335,937

603,619
755,846

357,849
264,285

66,685
35,929

609,192

802,235 1,809,075

3,417,873 1,352,478

196,4*00

80,622
97

81,427
304

71,497
299

130,790
510

337,087
1,125

219,802
405

54,356
66

78,266
3,078
13,290

221,298
27,396
55,042

214,340
39,966
67,744

382,765
70,702
138,915

730,250
63,266
291,658

271,047
7,660
91,726

26,986
647
7,406

28
1,190

94
11,449

547
69,450

2,929
298,827

12,096
490,894

5,654
130,500

471
10,976

30,632
19,703

88,148
124,034

118, 729
219,663

302,226
481,411

972,489
518,508

568,448
57,338

93,135
2,955

Department of Commerce.

48

POPULATION— OCCUPATIONS

No. 4 3 .— PERSONS 10 TEARS OF AGE AND OVER ENGAGED IN EACH SPECI­
FIED OCCUPATION: C ontinental U nited S t a t e s , 1920

Occupation

jvnu .y

T o ta l

All occupations....................... 41,614,248
Agriculture, forestry, and animal
husbandry.... ..................... 10,953,168
im iu v ia , turn aiuun. raiser;

D a ir y fa rm , farm , a n a sto c k farm la ­
bo rers .................................................................. .
D a ir y farm , fa rm , g ard e n , o rch ard , e tc .,
fo rem en_____ _______ _____ ________ _
F ish e rm e n a n d o y sterm en ......... ...................
F o resters, fo rest ran g ers, a n d tim b e r

cruisers......................... ................. .
Gardeners, florists, fruit growers, and
nurserymen..... ................................
Garden, greenhouse, orchard, and nur­
sery laborers,- .................................
Lumbermen, raftsmen, and woodchoppers................................................
O w ners a n d m a n a g e rs of lo g a n d t im ­
ber c a m p s................................................. ..........

A ll o th er p u r s u it s ............................................. .

Poultry raisters and poultry-yard la­
borers................ ...........................

Extraction of minerals-—_____

F o rem en , overseers, a n d in sp ecto rs..
O p erato rs, officials, a n d m a n a g ers__
C o a l m in e o p era tiv e s................ ................
C o p p er m in e o p e r a tiv e s ........................ .
G old a n d s ilv e r m in e o p e ra tiv e s____
Iro n m in e o p era tiv e s_______ ______ _
L e a d a n d z in c m in e o p e ra tiv e s_____
Q u arry o p era tiv e s..
O il a n d gas w e ll o p iratives._
_
S a lt w e ll a n d w o rk; o p e ra tiv e s..

M a le

F e m a le

F oreignbo rn
w h ite

38,064,737 8,549,511 28,869,463 7,746,460

N egro

4,824,151

6,201,261

9,869,030 1,084,128
5,947,425
263,836

7,766,257
4,694,494

931,561
655,047

2,178,888
925,192

4,041,027

3,248,712

792,916

2,602,069

217,643

1,192,504

03,048
52,836

78,708
52,457

14,340
379

80,389
32,763

9,141
12,811

3,102
5, 765

3,653

379

1

3,651

2

3,254

169,399

160,116

9,283

118,814

37,709

6,813

137,010

127,689

9,421

70,697

38,834

18,294

205,315

205,036

279

125,442

51,344

25,487

8,4 1 0

8,397

13

6,979

1,268

122

18,715
21,884

15,379
21,560

3,336
324

14,016
17,340

4,232
3,153

363
1,245

1,090,223
36,931
34,325
733,936
36* 054
32,700
38,704
20,798
20,591
45,162
85,550
5,472

1,087,359
30,923
. 34,143
732,441
35,918
32,666
38,605
20,749
20,533
45,084
85,303
4,994

2,864
8
182
1,495
136
34
99
49
68
78
247
478

637,934
27,607
30,322
399,743
13,116
20,232
* 9,289
17,280
12,097
24,112
81,223
2,913

377,138
8,702
3,939
278*616
22,643
12,113
24,065
3,220
4,460
14,676
2,508
2,198

73,229
698
26
54,597
73
86
5,344
280
3,976
6,326
1,703
220

8,274,827 3,634,249

886,810

M an u factu rin g a n d m e c h a n ic a l
in d u s tr ie s ............................................... 12,818,524 10,888,183 1,980,841
A p p re n tice s to b u ild in g a n d h a n d
tra d e s .............. ..............................................
73,953
73,897
66
A p p ren tices to d ressm a k ers a n d m illi­
n e rs _______ _______________ ________
4,326
17
4,309
A p p re n tice s, o th er______ ____________
65,898
60,532
5,366
B a k e r s .............. ........................................................
97,940
93,347
4,593
B la c k s m ith s , fo rgem en, a n d h a m m e r­
m e n ........................................................................
221,421
221,416
5
B o ile r m a k e r s .. . _________ ___________
74,088
74,088
B r ic k a n d sto n e m aso n s.................................
131,264
131,257
7
B u ild e rs a n d b u ild in g c o n tra cto rs_____
90,030
90,109
79
45, 511
45,603
C a b in e t m a k e r s ............ ..................................... .
8
887,379
C a rp e n te rs............................. ............... ............... .
171
887,208
C o m p o sito rs, lin o ty p e rs , a n d t y p e s e t­
te r s ........................................................................ .
128,859
140,165
11,306
C oopers................................................................... .
19,066
19,061
5
D ressm a k ers a n d seam stresses (n o t in
fa c to r y )........... ............. .......................................
235,855
336
235,519
14,978
D y e r s . . . .............................. ................... ................
15,109
131
E le c tric ia n s ........................................................... .
212,964
212,945
19
E le c tro ty p e rs, stereo ty p ers, a n d lith o g ­
r a p h e r s ................................................................ .
13,530
13,716
186
E n g in eers
(s ta tio n a r y ),
cran em en ,
279,984
44
h o istm en , e tc .................... ................................
279,940
E n g ra v e rs.............................................................. .
15,053
14,492
561
F ile rs , g rin d ers, b u ffers, a n d p o lish ers
59,785
57,315
(m e ta l)................................. ................................
2,470
F ire m e n (ex cep t lo co m o tive a n d fire
143,875
143,862
13
d e p a rtm e n t).................................. ...................
F o rem en a n d o v erseers (m a n u fa ctu rin g )
307,413
277,242
30,171
F u rn a c e m en , sm elterm en , h e a te rs,
40,806
6
p o u rers, e tc —_____ ________ _______ _
40,800
9,144
89
9,056
G lass b lo w ers........................................................
Je w e le rs, w a tc h m a k e rs , g o ld sm ith s,
39,592
a n d s ilv e rs m ith s ..........................................
37,914
1,678




N a tiv e
w h ite

66,100

6,557

1,267

3,459
68,839
41,002

657
6,158
53,606

204
855
3,164

154,820
65,150
73,692
68,708
20,818
631,178

67,600
17,492
47,005
19,922
24,207
221,303

8,888
1,398
10,609
1,454
456
34,243

117,632
10,536

20,833
6,333

1,640
2,191

170,849
6,158
186,190

37,707
8,645
25,362

26,973
298
1,342

11,128

2,507

78

220,099
11,667

63,279
3,337

6,353
45

37,602

21,235

936

75,202
237,726

45,293
66*226

23,153
3,287

23,210
7,161

14,333
1,937

3,236
46

26,788

13,151

528

49

POPULATION---- OCCUPATIONS

No, 4 3 .— P e rso n s 10 Y e a r s op A ge and Ov er E ngaged in E ach S pe c i ­
fied Occ u pa tio n : C ontinental U nited S t a t e s , 1920— C o n tin u ed

O ccupation

L ab o rers (n . o. s .1) :
B u ild in g , g e n e ra l, a n d no t sp ecified
la b o re rs.............................................................
C h e m ic a l a n d a llie d in d u s trie s ---------F e rtiliz e r facto ries......................................
P a in t a n d v a rn is h fa c to rie s ............. ..
P o w d e r, c a rtrid g e , d y n a m ite , fu se,
a n d firew o rk s fa cto rie s. ....................
So ap facto ries.............................. ........ ........
O th er c h e m ic a l fa cto rie s........................
C ig a r a n d tob acco facto ries.......................
C la y , g la ss, a n d ston e in d u strie s...........
B r ic k , t ile , a n d te rra -c o tta facto ries.
Q lass facto ries.................. ......................... .
L im e , ce m e n t, a n d a rtif ic ia l stone
facto ries............................................... ........
M a rb le a n d sto n e y a r d s .........................
P o tte rie s_________ ________________
C lo th in g in d u s tr ie s .......................................
C o rset facto rie s____________ ______
G love facto rie s................... ..........................
H a t facto ries ( f e l t ) . ..................................
S h irt, c o lla r, a n d cu ff facto rie s..........
S u it, c o a t, c lo a k , m id o v e ra ll fac­
to r ie s ............................................................
O ther clo th in g facto rie s_____ __ —
_
Food in d u strie s................................................
B a k e rie s_______________________ .
B u tte r , cheese, a n d co nden sed m ilk
fa cto rie s.......................................................
C a n d y facto ries_______ ______ ____
F ish c u rin g a n d p a c k in g .......................
F lo u r a n d g ra in m ills ..............................
F r u it a n d v e g e ta b le ca n n in g , e t c . . .
S la u g h te r a n d p a c k in g houses_____
S u g a r facto ries a n d refin eries---------O th er food facto ries_______ _______
H arn e ss a n d s a d d le in d u s trie s ................
H elp ers in b u ild in g a n d h a n d t r a d e s ..
Iro n a n d S teel in d u s tr ie s ____________
A g ric u ltu ra l im p le m e n t f a c t o r ie s ...
A u to m o b ile facto ries................... .............
B la s t fu rn a ces a n d s te e l ro llin g

m ills s________________________

C a r a n d r a ilro a d sh o p s_______ ____
S h ip a n d b o a t b u ild in g ...........................
W ago n a n d ca rria g e facto ries______
O ther iro n a n d s te e l facto ries 8............
N o t sp ecified m e t a l in d u s trie s ..........
O th er m e ta l in d u s trie s ................................
B ra ss m ills ....................................................
C lo ck a n d w a tc h facto ries_________
C o p p er facto ries.................. ........................
G old, s ilv e r , a n d je w e lr y f a c to rie s ..
L ea d a n d z in c facto ries................ ...........
T in w a re , e n a m el w a re , e tc ., fac­
to ries..................................... ........................
O ther m e ta l facto ries................................
L u m b e r a n d f u rn itu re in d u s tr ie s ____
F u rn itu re facto ries..................... ...............
P ia n o a n d o rgan facto ries......................
S a w a n d p la n in g m ills *
..........................
O ther w o o d w o rkin g facto rie s..............
P a p e r a n d p u lp m ills .............. .
P rin tin g a n d p u b lish in g ......... .
S h o e f a c t o r ie s .............................. .

Tanneries................... ........ .
Textile industries—
C a rp e t m ills ............................... .
C o tto n m ills ................................
K n ittin g mills___________
L a ce a n d e m b ro id ery m ills.


See page 55 for footnotes.


F oreignbo rn
w h ite

N egro

332,996
29,135
1,624
2,308
5,165

151,165
27,487
1,688
2,012
2,407

134,828
17,486
9,615
*
518
879

369
1,981
13,862
4,329
537
2,476

2,156
17,882
11,720
69,991
25* 575
18,563

2,220
19,160
2,087
35,698
12,940
6,859

338
6,136
21,334
18,753
10,094
3,503

29,884
5,061
10,710
6,414
194
899
825
1,317

167
23
1,126
6,362
577
858
164
1,391

14,450
2,871
8,532
8,492
658
1,450
534
2,018

11,629
1,61&
2,655
2,847
210
284
421
358

3*917
097
642
1,407
3
21
34
310

3,984
2,567
159,535
8,315

2,219
960
143,397
6,869

1,765
1,607
16,138
1,446

2,218
1,714
81,813
4,631

844
730
47,948
2,535

917
12$
27,730
1,139

16,190
6,584
6,300
18,121
13,058
59,548
15,733
16,686
1,885
63,519
729,613
11,409
83,341

14,174
4,398
6,261
17,983
9,743
65,436
16,414
14,119
1,727
63,412
717,022
11,292
80,874

1,016
2,186
1,039
138
3,315
4*112
319
2,667
158
107
12,591
117
2,467

12,217
3,984
2,774
12,190
8,121
22,219
6,898
8*779
1,480
36,365
294,139
6,784
37,804

2,564
1,896
1,008
3,353
3,311
22,522
7,024
3,785
252
14,877
328,800
4,812
39,031

397
699
1*453
2,564
913
14,630
1,749
4,136
150
13,223
105,641
809
6,430

258,830
53,643
69,196
9,817
179,607
63,770
67,887
18, 485
3,108
10,963
3,693
8,927

256,548
53,280
68,917
9,594
173,734
62,783
62,771
17,614
1,929
10,903
3,316
8,859

82,815
133,440
25,723
18,697
22,821
28,828
1,832
6,693
77,319
86,094
20,398
30,848
30,202
33,379
5,614- i , 11,802
2,219
866
7,346
3,010
1,483
2,068
4,631
3,666

42,445
8,958
17,149
1,291
16,121
12,438
3,996
1,065
23
377
92
615

17,605
5,106
320,613
35,272
5,321
245,683
34,337
52,263
11,436
19,210
27,480

15* 436
4,709
309,874
32,600
4,596
241,334
31,344
49,786
8,886
14,194
26,703

2,169
397
10,739
^672
726
,4,349
2,993
2,477
2,550
5,016
777

10,460
2,191
170,246
24,100
3,158
121,537
21,451
31,947
7,926
14,090
12,487

6,215
2,001
40,963
8,550
2,011
25,077
5,325
17,293
2,250
4,175
12*466

919
905
106,276
2,600
151
96,039
7,486
2,926
1,244
344
2,503

3,953
76,315
11,943
944

3,378
59,646
6,603
677

576
16*669
5,340
267

1,952
47,537
9 ,115
578

1,922
15,954
1,869
341

79
12,816
957
25

T o ta l

M a le

623,203
74,289
12,943
4,841
8,467

608,075
70,994
12,808
4,677
7,821

4,715
43,323
35,157
124,544
48,636
28,937

4,346
41,342
21,295
120,215
48,099
26,461

30,051
5,084
11,836
12,776
771
1,757
989
2,708

N a tiv e
w h ite

15,128
3,295
135
164
646

F em a le

2*232*
363
279
223
5,873
987
5,116
871 *
1,179
55
377
68

50

POPULATION---- OCCUPATIONS

No. 43. — P e r s o n s 10
f ie d

Y e a r s o f A g e a n d O v e r E n g a g e d i n E a c h S p e c i­
O c c u p a t io n : C o n t in e n t a l U n it e d S t a t e s , 1920— Continued
O ccupation

L a b o rers— C on t in u e d .
T e x tile in d u strie s—C o n tin u ed .
S ilk m ills ................. ...................................
T e x tile d y e in g , fin ish in g, a n d p rin tin g m ills
_ _____ ____ ___
W oolen a n d w o rsted m ills .....................
O ther te x tile m ills .....................................
O ther in d u s trie s ............................... ...............
B roo m a n d b ru sh fa cto rie s...................
B u tto n facto ries..........................................
E le c tric lig h t a n d p o w er p la n ts .........
E le c tric a l s u p p ly facto ries.....................
G as w o rk s ................ . . .................................
L e a th e r b e lt , le a th e r c a se , e tc ., facto ries......... ................................................ ..
L iq u o r a n d b e v e rag e in d u s trie s ____
P ap er-b o x facto ries.............. .....................
P e tro le u m refin eries.............. ...................
R u b b e r fa cto rie s..................... ...............
S tr a w fa cto rie s.............................................
O th er a n d n o t sp ecified in d u s t r ie s ..
L oom f ix e r s .______ _________ _________
M a c h in is ts , m illw rig h ts, a n d toolm a k e rs ................................. ........ ....................
M a c h in is t s .......................................................
M illw r ig h ts _________________ _______
T o o lm a k e rs a n d d ie s e tte rs a n d
s in k e r s .____ ______ _______ _______
M a n a g e rs a n d su p erin te n d en ts (m a n u ­
f a c t u r in g ) .............................................................
M a n u fa c tu re rs a n d officials. ........................
M e c h a n ic s (n . o . s .1) .........................................
M ille r s (g ra in , flo ur, feed , e t c .) ________
M illin e r s a n d m illin e r y d e a le rs .................
M o ld e rs , fo un d ers, a n d ca sters ( m e t a l) .
O ilers of m a c h in e r y ........ ...................................
P a in te r s , g laziers, a n d v a m ish e rs
(b u ild in g )............................. ..............................
P a in te rs , g la zie rs, en am elers, e tc . (fac­
t o r y ) .............................................. ........................
P a p e r h an gers............................................... ........
P a tte rn a n d m o d el m a k e rs ____________
P la ste re rs a n d ce m en t fin ish ers___ ____
P lu m b e r s a n d g a s a n d s te a m f it t e r s ___
P re ssm e n a n d p la t e p rin te rs (p rin tin g ) _
R o lle rs a n d r o ll h a n d s (m e ta l)_________
Roofers a n d s la te r s ....... .....................................
S a w y e rs .....................................................................
S e m isk ille d o p erativ e s (n . o . s.* ):
C h e m ic a l a n d a llie d in d u s t r ie s ...............
F e rtiliz e r facto rie s................ ......................
P a in t a n d v a rn is h facto ries....... ...........
P o w d er, cartridge* d y n a m ite , fu se,
a n d firew o rks fac to rie s........................
Soap fa c to rie s ...............................................
O ther c h e m ic a l facto ries.........................
C ig a r a n d tob acco facto ries.......................
C la y , g la ss, a n d sto n e in d u s trie s ...........
B r ic k , t ile , a n d te rra -c o tta facto rie s.
G lass facto rie s___________ ________
L im e, c e m e n t, a n d a rtificia l-sto n e
facto ries___________________ ____
M a rb le a n d sto n e y a r d s ..........................
P o tte rie s...........................................................
C lo th in g in d u s tr ie s ........................................
C o rset f a c t o r ie s .* .......................................
G love fa c to rie s.............................................
H a t facto ries ( f e lt ) ................... .................
S h irt, co lla r, a n d cuff facto ries_____
S u it, co a t, clo a k , a n d o v e ra ll fac­
to ries......... .............................................. ..
O ther clo th in g facto ries...........................
See page 55
for footnotes.


T o ta l

M a le

F e m a le

N a tiv e
w h ite

F oreignbo rn
w h ite

N egro

10,080

7,850

2,730

6,728

3,075

277

10,605
22,227
17,243
463,891
2,800
1,407
15,417
26,789
18,845

9,885
18,238
14,564
426,398
2,407
1,093
16,255
23,562
18,787

720
3,989
2,679
37,493
393
314
162
3,227
58

5,357
10,056
8,527
220,551
1,971
838
9,364
13,894
7,576

4,713
11,811
6,673
165,430
560
534
3,790
11,625
7,972

531
339
2,023
86,284
244
35
2,243
1,247
3,288

3,678
10,530
3,384
31,795
51,467
577
297,302
15,961

3,274
10,295
2,401
31,566
47,515
613
269,730
15,958

304
235
983
229
3,952
64
27,572
3

1,427
5,041
2,319
16,160
28,782
293
132,886
8,749

1,897
3,898
916
10,826
20,856
254
93,302
7,182

254
1,586
148
4,767
1,817
30
70,625
29

894,662
801,901
37,669

894,654
801,896
37,669

8
5

665,875
599,630
27,345

218,049
192,090
9,938

10,280
9,753
375

55,092

55,089

3

38,900

16,021

158

201,721
231,615
281,741
23,272
73,255
123,681
24,612

196,771
228,289
281,690
23,265
3,667
123,668
24,568

4,950
8,326
51
7
69,598
13
44

173,161
158,428
232,319
20,554
60,710
66,664
16,772

28,316
72^718
39,826
2,339
11,944
50,343
6,777

163
354
9,290
367
590
6,634
1,027

248,497

248,394

103

177,076

63,281

8,034

74,535
18,746
27,720
45,876
206,718
18,683
25,061
11,378
33,809

71,303
18,338
27,663
45,870
206,715
18,683
25,061
11,378
33,800

3,232
408
57
6
3

9

51,984
14,043
21,162
25,790
170,034
16,416
15,924
7,970
26,609

21,107
3,745
6,509
12,979
33,107
2,156
8,390
2,795
4,367

1,398
954
48
7,082
3,516
101
736
609
2,755

50,341
1,407
5,521

32,072
1,362
4,686

18,269
55
836

36,143
616
3,673

11,892
185
1,631

2,253
603
216

7,379
6,288
29,746
145,222
85,434
9,987
44,831

4,811
3,239
17,984
61,262
72,269
9,357
37,636

2,668
3,049
11,762
83,960
13,165
630
7,195

5,567
4,618
21,669
86,372
62,113
6,327
34,464

1,635
1,545
6,896
38,923
19,697
2,656
8,851

151
121
1,162
19,849
3,551
1,004
1,506

7,633
5,546
17,437
409,361
12,642
23,357
21,178
52,377

7,426
6,478
12,372
143,718
1,115
6,584
14,716
10,361

207
68
5,065
265,643
11,527
16,773
6,462
42,016

4,380
3,138
13,804
218,816
9,905
18,475
13,699
39,873

2,616
2,191
3,383
170,409
2,690
4,772
7,304
10,981

625
217
199
13,888
47
99
173
1,431

143,872
155,935

79,357
31,585

64,515
124,350

53,435
83,429

83,075
67,587

7,287
4,851

51

POPULATION---- OCCUPATIONS

No. 4 3 . — P e rso n s 1 0 Y e a b s of A ge and Ov e r E ngaged in E ach S p e c i ­
fied O c c u pa tio n : C ontinental U nited S t a te s , 1 9 2 0 — C o n tin u ed

O ccu pation .

S e m is k ille d o p e ra tiv e s—C o n tin u ed .
F ood in d u s tr ie s .......... ....................................
B a k e r ie s ____________ ______ ______
B u tte r , ch eese , a n d co nd en sed -m ilk
fa c to rie s......................................... ............
C a n d y fa c to rie s ......................... ................
F ish c u rin g a n d p a c k in g .......................
F lo u r a n d g r a in m ills ..............................
F r u it a n d v e g e ta b le c a n n in g , e t c . ..
S la u g h te r a n d p a c k in g h o u ses...........
S u g a r facto ries a n d re fin e rie s..............
O ther food fa c to rie s.................................
H arn ess a n d s a d d le in d u strie s................
Iro n a n d s te e l in d u s trie s _______ ____
A g ric u ltu ra l im p le m e n t facto rie s. . .
A u to m o b ile fa c to rie s...............................
B la s t fu rn a c e s a n d s te e l ro llin g
m ills 8_.............. . . . ....................................
C a r a n d ra ilro a d s h o p s ...........................
S h ip a n d b o a t b u ild in g ..........................
W a go n a n d c a rria g e fa c to rie s.............
O th er iroT a n d s t e e l facto ries 8____
N ot sp ecified m e ta l in d u strie s...........
O th er m e ta l in d u s tr ie s ...............................
B ra ss m ills ............ .........................................
C lo ck a n d w a tc h fa cto rie s____ ____
C op per facto ries....... ..................................
G old, silv e r , a n d je w e lr y fa c to rie s ..
L e a d a n d z in c facto ries.............. ............
T in w a re , en am elw are, e tc., factories.
O ther m e ta l facto ries...............................
L u m b e r a n d fu rn itu r e in d u s tr ie s ____
F u r n itu r e facto ries ...................................
P ia n o -a n d o rg a n facto ries......................
S a w a n d p la n in g m i l l s 4______ ____
O th er w o o d w o rkin g facto rie s______
P a p e r a n d p u lp m ills ......... ..........................
P rin tin g a n d p u b lish in g _____ _____
Sho e fa c to rie s...................................................
T a n n e rie s___________ ____ ,__ ,____ __
T e x tile in d u s tr ie s —
C a rp e t m ills _____ . _______ _______
C o tto n m ills ________ _____________
K n ittin g m ills ..............................................
L a c e a n d e m b ro id e ry m ills ..................
S ilk m ills .......... ................................... ..........
T e x tile
d y e in g , fin ish in g , an d
p r in tin g m ills ...........................................
W oo len a n d w o rste d m ills ................
O ther te x tile m ills .....................................
O ther in d u s trie s ........... ............................ ..
B roo m a n d b ru sh fa c to rie s..................
B u tto n factories
E le c tric a l s u p p ly ractories.
G a s w o r k s ..................................... ..............
L e a th e r b e lt , le a th e r ca se , e tc ., fac­
t o r i e s . . . . . . . . . . .......................................
L iq u o r a n d b e v e ra g e in d u s tr ie s ........
P aper-bo x f a c to rie s .............. ...................
P etro leu m refin eries______________
R u b b e r facto rie s................ .......................
S tr a w f a c to rie s .________ _____ ____
O ther a n d n o t sp ecified in d u s tr ie s ..
Sh o em ak ers a n d co bb lers (n o t i n fac­
to r y )--------------------------------------- ------S k ille d o ccu p atio n s (n . o. s .1 ......................
)
A n n ea lers a n d te m p e re rs (m e ta l)____
P ia n o a n d o rgan t u n e r s - ...........................
W ood c a rv e rs .............. ...............................
O th er s k ille d o ccu p atio n s........ .................

See page 55 for footnotes




N a t iv e
w h ite

F orpignb o rn
w h ite

T o ta l

M a le

188,895
20,441

116,493
8,858

72,402
11,583

122,408
15,307

50,057
4,396

15“ 792
723

18,841
52, 281
7, 586
8,112
10,204
49,991
3,806
17,633
18,135
689,980
7,722
121,164

16,096
20,913
4,363
7,524
3,898
41,906
3,144
9,791
17,573
632,161
7,136
108,376

2,745
31,368
3,223
588
6,306
8,085
662
7,842
562
67,819
586
12,788

14,983
37,924
2,972
6,105
7,267
23,941
2,386
11,523
13,478
462,572
4,958
85,013

3,660
12,892
1,069
1,503
2,335
18,469
1,258
4,475
4,384
203,394
2,657
34,331 ,

190
1,405
3,191
504
494
7,554
161
1,670
255
23,616
106
1,726

93,627
97,979
97,666
9,430
245,450
16,942
91,291
17,482
18,244
2,986
21,322
2,464
19,356
9,437
168,719
65,717
19,852
57,320
35,830
54,669
80, 403
206,225
32,226

89,526
97,003
97,175
8,749
209,112
15,084
60,844
13,676
10,043
2,834
13,378
2,186
12,167
6,660
150,079
48,906
16,949
54,016
30,208
41,321
39,281
132,813
28,698

4,101
976
491
681
36,338
1,858
30,447
3,906
8,201
152
7,944
278
7,189
2,777
18,640
6,811
2,903
3,304
5,622
13,348
41,122
73,412
3,628

62,956
68,617
65,440*
7,023'
168,126
10,439
62,744
10,124
13,876
1,728
15,102
1,777
14,025
6,112
116,442
37,480
12,102
42; 123
737
39,380
66,808
148,944
15,940

35,287
25,664
25,886
2,182
71,695
5,692
27,297
7,102
1,208
6,074
627
4,748
3,196
41,824
16,628
7,592
8,567
9,037
14,422
11,966
55,941
15,305

5,352
3,619
6,200
225
5j 580
808
1,234
254
26
48
139
60
580
127
9,598
1,564
157
6,269
1,608
845
1,595
1,306
971

23, 387
302, 454
107,604
19,083
115, 721

13,003
153,269
26,922
6,086
42,953

10,384
149,185
80,682
12,997
72,768

13,963
206,250
87,153
10,948
84,595

9,222
92,534
19,408
7,906
30,793

191
3,649
1,034

17,736
126,418
79,994
622, 662
12,606
12; 977
15,949
64,841
9,462

12,154
64,703
34,944
410,256
10,219
7,768
15,610
37,452
9,294

5,582
61,715
45,050
212,406
2,387
5,209
339
27,389
168

10,940
72,909
49,798
417,418
9,152
8,428
13,407
50,217
6,782

6,477
53,019
25,850
182,155
2,796,
4,269
2,164
14,179
2,361

305
322
1,631
22; 757
047
277
370
429
327

17,189
15,655
20,452
8,891
86,204
14,102
344,334

12,809
14,960
7,077
8,229
67,370
7,751
211,717

4,380
695
13,375
662
18,834
6,351
132,617

9,012
7,773
15,898
6,727
59,678
6,940
223,404

7,857
7,148
4,286
1,900
25,641
7,075
102,489

318
723
264
257
868
85
18,192

78,859
19, 395
2,913
7,047
3,025
6,410

78,599
19,326
2,910
7,007
3,008
6,401

260
69
3
40
17
9

25,600
13,914
1,728
5,624
1,414
5,148

48,284
5,236
1,133
1,346
1,002
1,155

4,707
238
51
77
9
101

F em a le

4,342

N egro

328

52
No.

POPULATION---- OCCUPATIONS

43.— P ersons 10
fied

Y ears of A ge and Over E ngaged
Occupation : C ontinental U nited S tates ,

O ccu pa tio n

in

E ach S peci­

1920—Continued

T o ta l

M a le

22,099
18 ,8 3 6
19 2,232
74,9 6 8
29,605

22,096
18 ,8 3 6
160,404
74,957
27,338

T ransportation........ ...........................
3 ,0 6 3 ,6 8 2
.W a te r tra n s p o rta tio n (selected occupa­
tio n s ):
B o a tm e n , can alm en , a n d lo c k k eep ers.
6 ,3 1 9
C a p ta in s , m asters, m a te s, a n d p ilo ts—
26,320
L on g shorem en a n d s te ve d o re s.
85,928
S a ilo rs a n d d eck h a n d s .. .............
54,832

N a tiv e
w h ite

F e m a le

F oreign h o rn
w h ite

N egro

C a rria g e a n d h a c k d riv e rs .

Chauffeurs....................... ..........
team sters, a n d expressmen5---____________ __

3 1,8 2 8
11
2 ,2 6 7

10 ,863
13 ,7 0 4
4 3 ,4 3 2
6 3 ,7 15
2 0 ,18 2

10,955
4 ,9 2 0
14 1,3 5 9
20,259
8 ,7 7 1

280
196
6 ,892
970
648

2 ,8 6 0 ,5 2 8

3 13 ,0 5 4

2 ,1 9 5 ,5 7 9

54 7 ,6 13

312 ,4 2 1

6 ,2 8 6
2 6 ,3 18
8 5,605
54,800

33
2
323
32

5 ,12 8
17 ,6 7 8
20,893
27,098

835
8 ,3 2 5
37,633
2 0 ,2 14

347
307
27,337
7 ,2 3 2

9 ,057
285,045

8 ,9 6 6
284,096

91
949

6 ,4 0 1
202,987

1,3 4 6
4 3,095

1,2 9 8
38,573

4 1 1 ,1 3 2

410 ,4 8 4

648

298,942

54*907

5 6 ,7 14

3 ,8 6 8
4 2 ,15 1
18 ,9 7 6
15 8 ,4 8 2
3 1,4 5 0

3 ,866
4 1,9 4 4
18 ,973
15 8 ,2 0 4
3 1,3 3 9

2
207
3
278
111

2 ,804
3 7 ,2 0 1
10 ,3 2 1
7 6 ,7 14
2 1 ,6 9 1

825
4 ,591
4 ,4 8 2
45 ,3 8 1
3 ,6 3 0

237
309
4 ,14 7
3 5 ,8 2 9
6 ,047

115 ,8 3 6
1 1 ,1 9 6
1 1 ,2 4 0

11 5 ,6 7 3
1 1 ,1 9 2
1 1 ,1 6 8

163
4
72

5 1 ,1 6 5
3 ,8 5 8
9 ,4 6 9

35 ,8 8 0
5 ,8 7 1
1,5 6 5

2 8 ,3 18
1,4 6 4
193

23,497

23*231

266

18 ,5 7 3

3 ,8 8 6

990

16 ,8 1 9
25,305
1 1 4 ,1 0 7
74,539
63,760

16 ,7 8 9
2 5 ,2 7 1
11 4 ,10 7
7 4 ,539
63,507

30
34
253

14 ,7 4 6
16 ,0 3 7
10 2 ,9 5 6
6 9 ,0 16
52 ,8 2 3

. 1,6 8 9
6 ,4 1 7
6 ,4 0 9
5,487
10 ,9 3 0

482
3 ,5 1 7
4 ,7 2 2
33
4

73,046

72,980

66

55,844

15 ,6 7 4

1 ,1 8 5

6 ,248
47 0 ,19 9
2 5 ,5 14
109,899
9 1,3 4 5
6 6 ,5 19
3 5 ,881
1 1 1 ,5 6 5
26,585

6 ,2 3 6
463,613
25,0 4 6
10 9 ,8 9 9
9 1,3 4 5
66 ,4 9 9
3 6 ,8 3 0
1 1 1 ,0 0 0
24,324

12
6 ,5 8 6
468
20
51
565
2 ,2 6 1

4,663
214 ,0 3 0
9 ,8 3 2
9 9,683
78,305
46 ,8 5 1
32,827
9L 131
2 4,642

1,5 0 7
153,453
1 1 ,4 1 1
10 ,0 9 9
6 ,4 9 1
16,653
3 ,0 5 1
16 ,8 0 0
1,9 2 4

74
9 7 ,979
4 ,1 6 4
111
6 ,5 0 5
6
3
3 ,6 9 8
16

5,293

S to n e c u tt e r s ............................................
S tr u c tu ra l iro n w o rk e rs (b u ild in g ) T a ilo rs a n d tailo resses..........................
T in s m ith s a n d c o p p e r s m ith s ......... ..
U p h o ls te re rs -—.......................................

5 ,19 3

100

6 ,038

250

4

25,005
9 1,4 5 1
3 7 ,9 17
9 ,4 0 3
79,434
1 9 0 ,1 6 0

24,996
9 0 ,13 1
37,905
8 ,969
62,674
1 1 ,7 8 1

9
1,3 2 0
12
434
16 ,8 6 0
178,379

2 3 ,0 15
82,094
3 4,670
8 ,1 6 1
7 4 ,950
18 1,6 8 9

1,0 8 3
5 ,6 3 1
2 ,8 6 0
970
4 ,3 4 1
7 ,8 1 6

904
3 ,6 6 8
377
258
13 0
7 18

25,995

2 5 ,9 5 8

37

2 1,4 6 3

9,558
6 ,8 2 2
9 ,6 1 5

9 ,5 5 7
6,797
9 ,6 0 4

4 6 ,17 2
4 ,0 6 1
33,4 3 2
9 ,0 8 9
7 ,369
6 ,088
5,966
5 ,920

3

D ra y m e n ,

F o rem en o f l i v e r y a n d tra n s fe r com ­
p a n ies_____ __________ ______________
G arag e k eep ers a ifd m a n a g e rs...............
H o stle rs a n d sta b le h a n d s ......................
L a b o re rs ( g a ra g e ,ro a d , a n d street) - G a ra g e .r................. ........................... .......
R o a d a n d s tre e t b u ild in g a n d re p a ir­
in g .............................. .............................
S tre e t c le a n in g .........................................
L iv e ry -s ta b le k eep ers a n d m a n a g ers. _
P ro p rie to rs a n d m an ag ers o f tra n sfer
com panies.......................................... .......
R a ilro a d tra n s p o rta tio n (selected occu­
p atio n s) :
B aggagem en a n d freig h t a g e n ts .____
B ra k e m e n ..
C o n d u c to rs
__ _________,
C o n d u c to rs (s tre e t ra ilro a d )_________
F o re m e n a n d o verseers (steam ra il­
r o a d ) ___ ______________ ____________
F o re m e n a n d overseers (stre e t r a il­
ro a d ) ........................ ................................. .
L a b o re rs (ste a m r a ilr o a d ) ............... .......
L a b o re rs (s tre e t ra ilro a d )................ .......
L o c o m o tiv e e n g i n e e r s _____ _______
L o c o m o tiv e firem e n .............................. .
M o to r m e n _____ ___________ _________
O fficials a n d su p e rin te n d e n ts.......... ..
T ic k e t a n d sta tio n a g e n ts.

__

_____ _
.....

(selected occu p ation s):
E xp ress m essengers A nd x
c le rk s -------M a il c a rrie rs.

Iw ay m a il

T eleg rap h m essen gers...................
T eleg rap h o p era to rs.......................
T e lep h o n e o p erato rs_____ ______
O th e r tra n s p o rta tio n p u rs u its :
F o rem en a n d o verseers (n. o. s.1)
R o a d a n d s tre e t b u ild in g a n d re­
p airin g .................................. .................
T eleg rap h a n d te le p h o n e ....................
O th er tra n s p o rta tio n ............................
In sp ecto rs (o th e r tra n s p o rta tio n ).
L ab o rers (n . o. s.1) ........... ............. ..
E x p ress com p an ies_____________
P ip e lin e s .............................. ............
T ele g ra p h a n d te le p h o n e .............
W a te r tra n s p o rta tio n ....................
O th er tra n s p o rta tio n ................... ..

 footnotes.
See page 55 for


4 ,0 7 3

446

7 ,7 6 3
6 ,18 4
7 ,6 16

1,6 0 6
631
1,8 3 6

181
7
258

4 6 ,12 0
3 ,7 2 8

1
25
U
52 t
333

37,446
3 ,6 5 6

8 ,4 9 5
395

229
10

3 3,229
9 ,0 6 7
7 ,3 6 2
5 ,0 1 1
5 ,963
5,826

203
22 ;
7 '
77
3
94

2 0,378
6 ,0 1 9
6 ,1 5 2
3 ,8 0 1
3 ,3 1 2
2 ,0 9 4

6 ,2 0 6
1 ,5 7 4 .
1,8 3 8
781
1,0 5 6
957

6 ,8 1 4
1 ,4 8 6
371
604
1 .6 8 0
2 ,8 6 4

53

POPULATION---- OCCUPATIONS

No. 4 3 .— P ersons 10 Y ears op A ge and Over E ngaged in E ach S peci­
fied O ccupation : C ontinental U nited S tates , 19 2 0 —Continued
Occupation
Other transportation pursuits—Con.
Proprietors, officials, and managers
(n.o. s.1)...... ............................
Telegraph and telephone___ ____
Other transportation.................... .
Other occupations (semiskilled).......

S te a m r a ilro a d ......... ............................. .

Street railroad............................ .
Other transportation.................... .

Trade-........ ............ .....

Bankers, brokers, and money lenders...
Bankers and bank officials................
Commercial brokers and commission
men...... .......................................
Loan brokers and pawnbrokers.........
Stock brokers...................................
Brokers, not specified and promoters. _
Clerks in stores 8...... ..........................
Commercial travelers....... .......... ........
Decorators, drapers, and window
dressers........................ ...................
Deliverymen (bakeries, stores, and laun­
dries) ..... .................................
Floorwalkers and foremen in stores___

T o ta l


See page 55 for footnotes.


F em ale

F o reig n N a tiv e
w h ite ■, w h m
; b o ite

N eg ro

18,957
11,6 0 3
7 ,3 5 4
4 8 ,12 4
28,621
9 ,2 5 9
10 ,2 4 4

18,384
11 ,0 5 9
7,325

573
544
29

17 ,264
10 ,9 6 1
6 ,3 0 3

1,6 6 1
636
1,0 2 5

46,634
2 7 ,9 16
9,088
9,630

1,4 9 0
705
m
614

35 ,2 6 1
2 1,5 4 8
6 ,2 3 9
7,474

9 ,8 4 3
4 ,568
2 ,837
2 ,438

12
3
9
2,944
2,439
181
324

4,2 4 2 ,9 7 9
16 1 ,6 13
82,375

3, 575,187
156,309
78 ,14 9

667,792
5 ,3 0 4
4 ,226

3,228,^ 73
14 5 ,7 4 9
7 a 901

860,530
15 ,5 4 4
5 ,3 19

140,487
142
X
72

27,552
5,473
29,609
16,604

27,358
5,321
29,233
16,248

22,991
4 ,441
2 a 773
14 ,6 4 3

243,521
17 6 ,5 14

4 ,487
1 ,0 1 4
2 ,8 0 0
1,9 2 4
52,775
1 8 ,2 1 0

15
10
* 28
17

4 13 ,9 18
179,320

194
152
376
356
1 7 a 397
2 ,8 0 6

8,853

7,698

1 ,1 5 5

7,060

1,6 6 0

129

170,235
20,604
5,833
1 3 ,7 1 4
1 1 9 ,9 1 8
15 ,0 6 0
2 5 ,19 2
1 1 ,3 1 2
43 ,3 5 1
2 2,888
22,866

170,039
16 ,5 6 5
6,802
12 ,6 3 3
114,835
14 ,7 5 4
2 5 ,15 7
11 ,2 4 4
43,297
22,859
2 2 ,156

196
4 ,039
31
1 ,0 3 1
5 ,083
306
35
68
54
29
710

117,8(67
ia 2 6 5
4,625
10 ,420
100,043
13 ,0 3 5
1 0 ,8 1 8
8 ,1 4 8
23,996
6 ,533
1 1 ,3 7 2

27,794
4,007
1,0 6 4
2 ,3 13
10 ,8 9 7
1,8 4 8
7 ,546
2 ,004
11 ,7 5 8
10 ,3 1 0
5 ,4 18

20/398
322
142
977

116,602
27,635

8,405
326

5 7 ,3 11
24,600

26,044
2 ,2 2 0

40,885
1 ,1 1 5

1,0 6 1
9 ,2 0 8

30,002
12 3 ,14 7

4 ,425
24,495

7,305
30,464

33 ,7 15
139,927
1,2 4 9 ,2 9 5
7,760
28,626
7 ,860
21, 781
120,940
7,288
30,433

78,980
29
142
1 ,1 2 6
763
1 ,1 6 5
17
31

873,094
a 723
25,585
6 ,3 5 0
13 ,3 0 1
7 1 ,1 2 2
6 ,5 8 6
2 7 ,14 8

424,881
1,0 6 0
3 ,1 1 7
3 ,5 7 5
9 ,0 6 9
47 ,7 0 8
713
3 ,1 0 2

268
1 ,3 6 9
23,626
2
45
39
143
3 ,0 0 9
4
172

10,540
40,091
19 ,1 4 1
46,653
26,556
4,333
11,7 5 2

10,507
32,368
18 ,0 3 1
43,440
26,057
3, 565
10,800

33
7,723
-1,110
3 ,2 13
499
768
952

9 ,6 7 2
19 ,6 13
12,350
25,327
18 ,6 0 9
1,2 2 0
9 ,456

801
19,808
6 ,6 13
2 1 ,1 1 5
a 279
3 ,0 8 4
2,246

38
573
194
128
1 ,7 6 4
27
34

80,157
63,909
5,968
9,309
23,385
26 ,0 13
80,026
239,236
4 1 ,1 4 4
60,402
2 1,433
22,749
27,687
13 ,10 4
7,909
8,474
6,677
12,632
34, 473
100,933
65,728

76,995
6 6 ,158
4,899
9 ,2 12
22 ,18 5
25,337
76 ,3 17
216,059
40,453
48,493
20,652
22,696
27,589
12,509
7,360
7,808
6,298
11 ,7 4 3
32,873
94,820
59,483

3 ,16 2
7 ,751
1,0 6 9
97
1 ,2 0 0
676
3 ,709
2 3 ,17 7
691
1,9 0 9
781
153
98
695
549
666
279
889
1,6 0 0
a 113
a 245

68,601
37,402
4 ,624
7 ,8 18
5 ,585
1 8 ,5 1 1
6 7 ,6 2 9
148,544
84,731
15,389
14 ,4 2 8
5 ,272
2 a 125
8 ,7 9 7
a272
a 714
4 ,950
ia 4 9 9
2 1,4 4 3
63,858
4 a 040

RV519
2 a 688
1,3 2 1
1,4 4 3
17# 403
7,229
10 ,8 1 3
82,542
6,303
3 1,4 3 4
aB 53
ia 3 3 2
2,496
4 ,2 3 0
1,6 0 1
2 ,589
1 ,0 1 2
2 ,078
11 ,9 3 6
3 4,893
17 ,3 7 6

910
262
13
40
216
256
884
a 339
74
3 ,1 9 4
96
1 ,1 3 2
60
74
32
165
12
50
689
1,3 7 8
1,4 8 8

In sp ecto rs, g a u g e rs, a n d sa m p le rs- . . .
In su ran ce a g e n t s .................. ............................
O ffiicals o f in s u ra n c e c o m p an ies ______
L ab o rers, co al y a r d s .......... ..............................
L ab o rers, e le v a to rs______ __________ _
L ab o rers, lu m b e r y a r d s ....................... ............
L ab o rers, sto ck y a r d s .......... ............................
Laborers* w a re h o u se s------- ------- .................
L ab o rers, p o rters, a n d h e lp e rs in
sto re s .............................................. .....................
125,007
N ew sb o y s__ ____ ____ _______________
27,961
P ro p rieto rs, officials, a n d m an ag ers
34,776
(n . o. s .1) ____________ ____ _________
149,135
R e a l e sta te a g en ts a n d o f f i c i a l s ...........
R e ta il d e a le r s 7.................................................... 1,3 2 8 ,2 7 5
7,789
A g ric u ltu ra l im p le m e n ts a n d w agons.
A u to m o b iles a n d accessories------ ------28,768
8,986
B o o k s a n d s t a t io n e r y ................................
22,544
B o ots a n d sh oes___ ________________
12 2 ,10 5
B u tc h e rs a n d m e a t d ea le rs

B uyers and shippers of livestock_____
B uyers and shippers of other farm
produce...........................................................
C andy and confectionery.........................
Cigars and to b a c c o ....................................
C lothing and m en's fu rn ish in gs............
Coal and w ood ...........................................
D elicatessen sto r e s........... .........................
D epartm en t stores .......................................
D rugs and m edicines, including drug­
gists and pharm acists . ..........................
D ry goods, fan cy goods, and notions
F iv e and ten cen t and variety stores. .
Flour and fe e d ................................. ..............
F ruit.....................................................................
Furniture..........................................................
General stores..................................................
G roceries..-.....................................................
H ardw are, stoves, and cu tlery...............
H ucksters and p ed d lers______________
Jew elry ................................................. ............
Junk........................................................ ............
Lum ber...............................................................
M ilk.................... ................................................
M usic and m usical in stru m en ts............
N ew sdealers_______________ __________
O il, paint, and w all paper.........................
O pticians.......................... ................................
Produce and p rovision s.............................
Other specified retail d ea lers..................
N o t specified retail d ealers.......................

M a le

.

354,397
160,702

5,268
357

;>73
6/794
1,1 5 8
7,453
6,032
6 ,042

54

POPULATION---- OCCUPATIONS

No. 4 3 .— P ersons 10 Y ears of A ge and Over E ngaged in E ach S peci ­
fied O ccupation : C ontinental U nited S tates , 1920— Continued

O ccupation

Salesmen and salesw om en........... .............. ..
A uctioneers.................... .................................
D em onstrators._______________ _______
Sales agents.......................................................
Salesm en and salesw om en (stores)___
U ndertakers.................. ............................. ........
W holesale dealers, im porters and ex­
porters________________________ _______
Other pursuits (sem iskilled)____________
F ruit graders and p ack ers.......................
M eat cutters....................................................
Packers, w holesale and retail tra d e.—
Other* occupations________ __________ _
Public service (not elsew here classi­
f ie d ) .........................................................
Firem en (fire d ep artm en t)..........................
G uards, w atchm en, and doorkeepers. . .
Laborers (public service)...................... ........
M arshals, sheriffs* d etectives, etc.............
Officials and inspectors ( c it y ) ....................
Officials and inspectors (c o u n ty )..............
Officials and inspectors (S ta te)____. ____
P ostm asters..........................................................
Other U nited States officials___________
Policem en_____ _________ _______________
Soldiers, sailors, and m arines8................
Other pu rsu its....... ........................................
Professional service. _ ........................
A c to r s .................................. .......... .............. ..
Show m en...................... .............. .........................
A rchitects......... ............ .............. .....................
A rtists, sculptors, an d teachers of a r t ...
A u th o r s................................................................
E ditors and reporters___________________
C hem ists, assayers, and m etallu rgists..
C le r g y m en .........................................................
C ollege presidents and professors 5...........
D en tists________ __________ _____________
D esigners, draftsm en, and inventors___
Law yers, judges, and ju stices....................
Librarians---------------------------------------------M usicians and teachers of m u s ic .............
O steopaths..................... .................... .................
Photographers.................... ...............................
P hysicians and surgeons................................
Teachers (athletics, dancing, e tc .)_____
Teachers (sch ool)...............................................
T echnical engineers..........................................
C ivil engineers and su rv ey o rs..............
E lectrical engineers............ .......... ..............
M echanical engineers i®._....................
M in in g engineers__________ __________
T rained n u rses...................................................
V eterinary surgeons....... ..................................
A ll other professional pu rsu its....................
Sem iprofessional pu rsu its..............................
A bstractors, notaries, and justices of
p ea ce............. —...........................................
H ealers (except osteopaths and p h ysi­
cians and surgeons).......... ............ ..........
K eepers of charitable and penal in ­
stitu tio n s......................................................
Officials of lodges, societies, e tc ______
R eligious, charity, and welfare
w ork ers........................... .............................
T heatrical ow ners, m anagers, and
officials............ .......... .............. .............. ..
A ll other occupations..................................
A ttendants an d helpers (professional
service)................................................................

See page 55 for footnotes.




F e m a le

N a tiv e
w h ite

F oreig n b o rn
w h ite

3 6 1,1 4 2
3
3 ,18 4
1,6 3 4
356,321

1 ,0 0 8 ,1 4 1
4 ,3 19
4 ,325
37,0 5 7
962,440

159,965
714
401
4 ,6 7 0
15 4 ,18 0

6 ,4 13
13
94
99
6 ,2 10

24,469

816 ,3 5 2
5,045
1,6 3 9
40,207
769,461
23,342

1 ,1 2 7

20,772

2 ,13 4

1,5 5 8

73,574

72,780

794

6 0 ,13 6

22,871

67

6 7 ,6 11
8 ,074
22,884
19 ,7 0 1
16 ,9 5 2

5 2 ,106
4,988
22,804
13 ,6 0 3
1 0 ,7 1 1

15,605
3 ,086
80
6 ,098
6 ,2 4 1

50,040
6 ,348
18 ,2 1 1
13 ,9 3 1
11 ,5 5 0

14 ,3 4 3
1 ,1 9 1
4 ,2 1 8
4 ,6 5 4
4 ,2 8 0

2 ,9 5 7
353
446
1 ,0 7 6
1,0 8 2

770,460
50,771
116 ,6 6 3
10 6 ,9 15
3 2 ,2 14
33,605
22,092
9 ,12 6
31,935
39,273
82; 120
226,503
2 1,4 5 3

748,666
60 ,7 7 1
11 5 ,15 4
105,385
30,968
3 1 ,9 1 8
18 ,830
8,696
2 0,727
38 ,6 2 1
8 1,8 8 4
225,503
20,309

2 1,7 9 4

1 ,1 4 4

590.466
45; 119
75,071
44,898
28,521
29,222
20,695
8 ,3 8 4
30,235
35,768
67,0 0 2
18 9 ,19 2
16, 359

127,280
5,540
3 5 ,8 14
3 1,3 2 0
8 ,3 4 1
4 ,2 0 0
1,3 7 0
734
1,5 5 7
3 ,3 5 9
13 ,8 5 4
22,563
3 ,6 2 8

80,552
109
4 ,5 6 8
3 0,330
323
77
18
4
116
74
999
1 2 ,5 1 1
1,4 2 3

1,1 8 7 ,3 9 1 1 ,0 1 6 ,4 9 8
15 ,1 2 4
13 ,2 3 7
18,694
1 ,1 1 7
18 ,0 4 8
137
20,785
1 4 ,6 1 7
3 ,6 6 2
3,006
28,467
5,730
31,2 2 7
1 ,7 1 4
1,7 8 7
125,483
23,332
10 ,075
54,323
1,8 2 9
62,987
7,664
120,781
1,7 3 8
13 ,5 0 2
1,7 9 5
72,678
57,687
3,367
1,6 6 3
2 7 ,140
7 ,1 1 9
137,758
7 ,2 19
4 ,0 3 4
5,677
11 6 ,8 4 8
635,207

1 ,8 2 9 ,0 9 0
2 2 ,6 8 1
16 ,0 5 4
1 5 ,2 1 3
27,649
5 ,7 1 6
30 ,3 3 5
27,880
80,540
29,2 6 0
48,397
5 6 ,6 17
11 3 ,8 2 2
14 ,4 3 9
102,798
4 ,3 8 2
26,962
125,666
8 ,2 0 9
6 8 1,0 1 7

2 3 1 ,7 1 9
4 ,5 5 8

8 0 ,18 3
1 ,0 9 5
878
50
259
64
251
207
19 ,5 7 1
1,0 6 3
1 ,1 0 9
145
950
69
6 ,9 0 2
215
608
3*495
121
35,442

T o ta l

1,1 7 7 ,4 9 4
6,048
4 ,823
4 1,8 4 1
1 , 125, 782

2 ,14 3 ,8 8 9
28,361
1 9 ,8 1 1
18 ,1 8 5
35,402
6 ,6 6 8
3 4 ,19 7
32,941
127,270
33,407
5 6 ,15 2
7 0 ,6 6 1
12 2 ,5 19
16 ,297
130,265
6 ,030
34,269
144,977
9 ,7 1 1
752,055

M a le

399
1,5 3 0
1,2 4 6
1,5 8 7
3 ,2 6 2
530
1 1 ,2 0 8
652
236

2,811

2 ,9 0 5
7 ,479
872
3 ,4 9 2
4 ,7 8 8
26,891
3 ,053
6 ,527
13 ,8 3 9
7 ,679
788
2 1,4 4 4
424
6 ,5 1 1
1 5 ,6 7 1
1 ,3 7 1
3 5 ,13 6

N egro

13 6 ,12 1
6 4 ,6 6 0
27,077
37,689
6 ,6 9 5

13 6,080
64,642
27,065
37,678
6 ,695

41
18
12
11

11 9 ,8 8 9
68,786
2 4 ,0 4 1
3 1,2 9 8
6 ,764

1 5 ,9 4 1
5 ,743
2 ,944
6 ,3 2 6
928

184
85
68
31

14 9 ,12 8
13 ,4 9 4
19, 721

5 ,464
13,493
13 ,9 5 0

143,664
1
5 ,7 7 1

122,968
1 1 ,9 8 4
1 6 ,4 1 9

22,772
1,3 5 7
2 ,9 8 3

3 ,3 4 1
145
117

116 ,5 5 5

70,626

45,929

93,504

19 ,8 2 1

2 ,8 8 8

10 ,0 7 1

8 ,588

1 ,4 8 3

9 ,2 0 2

800

58

14,774

6 ,8 7 2

7 ,9 0 2

1 1 ,0 1 3

3 ,0 4 2

606

12,884
11 ,7 3 6

7 ,953
9 ,5 7 4

4 ,9 3 1
2 ,1 6 2

10 ,6 2 0
9 ,5 5 8

2 ,1 3 4
1 ,8 3 3

126
276

4 1,0 7 8

1 4 ,1 5 1

26,927

3 2 ,17 6

7 ,573

1*231

18 ,3 9 6
7 ,6 17

17 ,1 3 8
6 ,3 5 0

1,2 5 7
1,2 6 7

15 ,1 3 9
5 ,7 9 6

3 ,0 5 4
1 ,3 8 5

175
4 16

3 1 ,7 1 2

14 ,6 9 3

1 7 ,0 1 9

26,9 4 9

2 ,7 0 6

2 ,0 1 4

55

POPULATION---- OCCUPATIONS

No. 43.— P ersons 1 ‘Y e a r s
0
fied

of A ge and Over E ngaged in E ach S peci ­
Occupation : C ontinental U nited S tates , 10 2 0 —Continued

O ccupation

Domestic a n d personal service...
Barbers, hairdressers, and m anicurists.
B illiard room , dance h all, skating rink,
etc ., keepers—............................................
Boarding and lodgin g house keepers. __.
B ootblacks___ _______________ __________
C harw om en an d cleaners....................... ..
E levator ten d ers....... .......................................
H otel keepers and m anagers.......................
H ousekeepers and stew ards........................
Janitors and sextons........................................
Laborers (dom estic a n d professional
service).......................... ............ ......................
Launderers and laundresses (not in
laundry)........... ..............................
L aundry o p eratives11.............................. ..
L aundry ow ners, officials, and m an­
agers 11__________________ __________ _
M id w ives—*.........................- .......................—
N urses (n o ttra in ed )................................... ..
Porters, d om estic and professional
service.......................... .....................................
Porters, steam railroad-................................
O ther porters (except in stores).................
R estaurant, caf6, a n d lu n ch room
keepers____________________—..................
S e r v a n ts ____ - ______________
B e ll b o y s , c h o re h o y s , e t c ..
C h a m b e rm a id s_____ *_____
C o ach m en a n d fo o tm e n —
C o o k s___ ____________ ______
L a d ies' m a id s, v a le ts , e tc —,
N u rsem aid s----------------------A l l o th e r s e r v a n ts .* ..............
W a i t e r s . . . ..................... ............... ............. .
O th e r p u rs u its ....... .................................. ..
B a r te n d e r s ... .
.................. —...............
C le a n e rs a n d re n o v a to rs (c lo th in g )...
H u n te rs , tra p p e rs , a n d gu id es..............
S alo o n k e e p e rs ......................... ..................
’ A l l o th e r o c c u p a tio n s......... ....................

Clerical occupations..................

A g e n ts , c a n v assers, a n d co llecto rs..........
B o o k k eep ers, cash iers, a n d acco u n tan ts.
C le rk s (excep t c le rk s in s to re s )........... . . .
M essen g er, b u n d le , a n d office b o y s an d
g i r ls 12..............................................................
S ten o g rap h ers a n d t y p is t s ..........................

T o ta l

3,4 0 4 ,8 9 2
2 16 ,2 1 1

M a le

F em ale

1,2 1 7 ,9 6 8 2 ,18 6 ,9 2 4
182; 965
33 ,2 4 6

24,897
133,392
15 ,1 7 5
36,803
4 0 ,7 13
65,583
2 2 1,8 1 2
178,628

24,655
18 ,6 5 2
1 5 ,1 4 2
11 ,8 4 8
33,376
4 1,4 4 9
17 ,2 6 2
149,590

242
11 4 ,7 4 0
33
24,955
7,337
1 4 ,1 3 4
204,350
29,038

N a tiv e
w h ite

F o reig n b o rn
w h ite

1,5 2 6 ,9 3 0
124,995

769,196
5 9 ,10 8

1,0 6 4 ,6 9 0
3 1,3 5 2

1 6 ,1 3 4
9 2,532
2 ,049
12, 557
19 ,934
4 1,0 3 9
1 5 9 ,5 1 3
78,604

6 ,9 1 3
29,474
7 ,5 6 6
14 ,5 9 6
10*385
12 ,8 3 4
46 ,2 5 6
5 4 ,9 10

1,5 8 2
10 ,787
5 ,5 6 0

5,485

N eg ro

10 ,3 3 4

1,020
1 5 ,1 6 1
4 4 ,1 1 0

32,893

3 1,2 2 4

1,6 6 9

1 7 ,2 1 2

10 ,0 0 9

396,756
12 0 ,7 15

10 ,8 8 2
39,968

385,874
80,747

72,583
63,253

34 ,6 3 3
19,397

13 ,6 9 2
4 ,773
15 1,9 9 6

12 ,2 3 9
19 ,3 3 8

1,4 5 3
4 ,7 7 3
13 2,658

8 ,1 5 0
806
110; 071

4 ,1 8 9
2 ,4 7 6
2 8 ,0 2 4

247
1,437
13 ,798

43,208
2 2 ,5 13
22,447

42,929
22,486
22,268

279
27
179

8 ,2 6 8
1 ,5 0 4
4 ,0 4 7

9,083'
745
4 ,5 2 1

25,405
20,224
13,802

72,343

15 ,6 4 4

47,503

30,456

7 ,5 1 1

2 5 8,813 1 ,0 1 2 ; 133
16 ,4 7 2
759
29,052
250
2 ,4 2 7
12 9,857
26 8 ,6 18
1,2 6 8
4 ,5 2 3
1 1 ,8 7 9
11
697,302
108,528
112 ,0 6 4
11 6 ,9 2 1

48 6 ,6 18
7 ,16 6
10 ,5 9 6
737
104,677
3 ,0 8 2
5,003
355,357

285,634
2 ,4 4 5
8 ,1 3 0
1 ,1 9 2
80,8 7 7
2 ,0 9 8
1,6 2 9
189,263

48 1,5 9 0
7 ,2 9 3
1Q,4S3

6 ,4 9 2
109
4,573
44
523
1,2 4 3

46,509
14 ,1 2 5
11/607
5 ,9 9 8
6 ,9 4 1
7 ,838

3 1,8 4 1
11 ,3 4 9
5 ,7 9 2
595
W ;7 9 1
3 ,3 1 4

3 ,1 2 6 ,5 4 1
17 5 ,7 7 2
734,688
1,4 8 7 ,9 0 5

1,7 0 0 ,4 2 5 1 ,4 2 6 ,1 1 6
15 9 ,9 4 1
15 ,8 3 1
375,564
359,124
1 ,0 1 5 ,7 4 2
4 7 2 ,16 3

2 ,8 2 0 ,1 0 7
154,780
664,923
1 ,3 3 2 ,7 6 7

267, m
19 ,8 7 7
66; 578
13 6 ,6 4 9

11 3 ,0 2 2
6 16 ,15 4

9 8,768 < 14 ,2 5 4
564;, 744
5 0 ,4 10

9 1,0 3 4
577,203

8 ,6 7 7
35,4 9 6

87,887
1 ,2 7 0 ,9 4 6
17 ,2 3 1
2 9,302
2 ,4 2 7
398,475
6 ,7 9 1
1 1 ,8 9 0
805,830
228,985
84,967
26,085
2 1,6 6 7
7 ,3 3 2
17 ,835
12 ,048

78,475
25,976
17 ,0 9 4
7 ,2 8 8
1 7 ,3 1 2
10 ,8 0 5

113 ,0 4 9 = 6 6 ,14 9

202,435
548
5,244
25^ ,123
45,836
5 ,9 7 1
573
4 ,0 6 7
394
96
851

37,011
1 ,5 6 6
2 ,3 6 4
1?437

13 ,3 3 2

2^312

S o u rce : B u re a u o f th e C en su s, D e p a rtm e n t o f C om m erce.
5 N o t o th e rw ise specified.
2 In c lu d e s tin p la te m ills.
3 In clu d es iro n fo u n dries.
* In clu d es b o x fa cto ries (w ood).
3
T e a m ste rs in a g ric u ltu re , fo re stry , a n d th e ex tra ctio n o f m in erals a re classified w ith th e o th e r w o rk e rs
in tho se in d u s trie s, re s p e c tiv e ly , a n d d riv e rs fo r b ak eries a n d la u n d rie s a re classified w ith d e liv e ry m e n
in tra d e .
* M a n y o f th e “ C le rk s in s to re s” p ro b a b ly a re “ S a Je sm e n a n d salesw o m en .”
? In clu d es, also, m an agers a n d su p e rin te n d e n ts o f r e ta il sto res.
* In clu d es o n ly th o se re sid e n t in co n tin e n ta l U n ite d S ta te s a t t h e d a te o f th e en u m eratio n .
* P ro b a b ly in clu d es som e tea ch ers in schools b e lo w collegiate ra n k ,
111 In d u d e s , also , a ll te c h n ic a l engineers n o t elsew h ere classified.
11
Som e o f th e o w n ers o f h a n d la u n d rie s p ro b a b ly are in c lu d e d w ith la u n d r y o p era tiv e s.
*2 E x cep t teleg ra p h m essengers.

105496°— s a 1923----- 6




56

POPULATION---- OCCUPATIONS

No. 44.— MALES 10 TEAKS OF AGE AND OVER ENGAGED IN EACH GROUP
OF GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS, BT STATES, 1920
[NoTE.—F o r to ta l n u m b e r of m a les 10 y e a rs of a g e or o v er g a in fu lly e m p lo ye d see T a b le 46]

A g ric u l­
M anu­
tu r e , fo r­ E x tra c ­
fa c tu rin g
e s t ry ,
tio n o f a n d m e ­
S t a t e a n d d iv isio n
and
m in ­
A nim al
c h an ica l
e ra ls in d u stries
h u s­
b a n d ry

T ra n s ­
p o rta ­
tio n

T ra d e

Continental
United States. 9 ,8 6 9 ,0 3 0 1 ,0 8 7 ,3 5 9 1 0 ,7 7 7 ,18 3 8 ,8 5 0 ,5 2 8 3 ,5 7 5 ,1 8 7
N England...... . 947,478 4 ,843 1,2 5 3 ,0 9 6 198,556 274,306
ew
M a in e .........s............
N e w H a m p s h ire V e rm o n t— .......... ..
M a s sa c h u se tts___
R h o d e Is la n d .........
C o n n e c tic u t...........

Kiddle Atlantic.....
N e w Y o r k _______
N e w J e rs e y ............
P e n n s y lv a n ia ------

75,203
2 9,390
43,052
55,759
8 ,0 8 4
35,990

745
404
1,8 9 8
1 ,1 9 5
160
441

639,254
305,505
59,200
274,549

343,032
7 ,4 3 6
3 ,9 2 2
3 3 1,6 J6

87,538
7 ,2 12
4 ,272
3 ,1 3 1
50^626
6 ,2 4 8
16 ,0 4 9

9 2 ,17 5
7 ,359
. 4, 248
2 ,6 2 4
54,294
7 ,270
16 ,3 8 0

140,363
7 ,4 3 8
4 ,1 6 5
2 ,9 3 0
8 5 ,2 3 1
10 ,7 8 7
2 9 ,8 12

294,824 3 4 0 ,12 0
16 2 ,19 5 209,493
4 1,9 1 3 * 42,334
9 0 ,7 16 v -88, 293

651,563
3 0 3 ,17 8
8 7 ,4 5 8
160,927

900,607 185, 584
505,254 9 8 ,6 9 1
12 4 ,2 13 34, 257
270,840 52,636

5 77,811
160,-339
7 7,925
2 0 1,2 6 6
8 2 ,5 3 0 ,
6 5 ,8 12

7 8 1,7 12 124,802
202,635 3 1,5 2 2
9 5 ,5 1 1
13 ,8 5 1
290,437 5 0 ,041
11 9 ,3 0 9 19 ,303
7 3 ,820 10 ,0 8 5

849,681
160,607
158,173
280,280
17,849
24,287
76,782
111, 703

332,124
6 4,977
6 2,685
9 4 ,1 1 3
1 1 ,5 1 0
12 ,0 4 1
33,796
53,002

450,368
8 7 ,7 6 1
86,956
135,441
16 ,7 7 2
18 ,9 9 7
4 7 ,1 1 7
57,324

5 7 ,581
11 ,2 2 0
8 ,7 7 4
17 ,7 2 7
1,4 0 8
1,6 8 3
5 ,235
11 ,5 3 4

124,742
24,307
23,097
3 7 ,11 0
4 ,907
5,505
12,733
17,083

128,032
25,482
2 1,2 0 8
4 3,960
4 ,2 6 0
4 ,8 1 2
12 ,4 0 2
15 ,908

156,495
3 5 ,3 6 0
2 2,477
5 9 ,251
4 ,2 9 5
3 ,8 6 8
1 3 ,8 1 0
17 ,434

1,7 8 7 ,7 3 8
1 7 ,1 6 1
92 ,7 4 5
928
2 8 3 ,10 2
11 9 ,7 0 3
3 9 7 ,2 14
293,644
484,330
10 8 ,9 11

133,843 1 ,0 1 2 ,0 1 3
69
30,853
6 ,6 3 0
17 1,2 2 0
79
38,789
167,771
1 6 ,1 8 1
10 2 ,8 5 6
108,031
1,9 8 6
164,367
621
8 8 ,5 15
2 ,459
152,663
2 ,9 6 2
89,8 0 4

308,651
7 ,526
5 2,951
14,833
6 1,3 9 7
3 6 ,1 1 5
3 4 ,803
2 0 ,926
6 1,7 8 1
2 8 ,3 19

340,787 11 9 ,6 3 9
6 ,6 0 7
1,4 9 3
54 ,3 2 3 2 1 ,4 0 0
18 ,5 5 8 15 ,6 4 0
56,960 3 1,3 2 1
2 9 ,8 4 4
4 ,1 2 8
4 6 ,9 13
8 ,6 1 9
29 ,8 0 5 10 ,3 8 2
67,403 1 9 ,1 6 4
30 ,3 7 4
7 ,4 9 2

11 0 ,5 2 1
2 ,580
16 ,9 7 1
12,294
16 ,5 1 0
12,436
1 3 ,4 6 1
8 ,2 0 9
17,908
10 ,1 5 3

11 7 ,6 3 1
2 ,3 1 8

15 5 ,2 18
4 ,5 1 5
3 1,3 2 1
2 9 ,8 7 8
2 3,785
1 1 ,9 2 0
12 ,7 7 0
7,6X5
2 3 ,9 3 1
. 0 ,4 8 3

1,4 9 4 ,0 9 1
374,428
363,798
3 8 1,8 9 0
373,975

10 4 ,7 9 2
6 1,3 8 4
17 ,5 9 0
35,564
254

4 5 4 ,11 8
12 1,4 9 8
1 2 8 ,1 1 8
135,608
68,892

162,267
4 6 ,972
4 8 ,734
4 0 ,407
2 6 ,15 4

186,276
55,034
5 9 ,5 14
4 3 ,5 6 1
2 7 ,16 7

3 4,652
16 ,0 8 7
7 ,3 9 5
6 ,426
4 ,644

55,462
7,344
16 ,1 3 2
13 ,1 6 0
8 ,8 17

5 7 ,184
1 6 ,6 3 4
18 ,0 9 1
13 ,4 6 7
9 ,0 9 2

543, 52
7
72,109
124,707
99,303
247,408
210,636
30,962
23,253
14,922
67,677
H 12
4
21,840

232,309
27,288
48,874
39,671
116,478
105,500
17,957
10, 552
9,516
29,900
10,664

277,152
33,809
46,116
56,206
141,021
105,644
16,427
11,875
5,345
39,070
7,142

70,896
7,754
10,033
8,406
44,703
29,374
2,588
1,427
1,433
6,538

81,596
11,357
12.297
17,902
40,040
39,420
6,926
4,489
2,044
12,547

*4,998
10,010
18,942
17,776
48,269
41,622
6,603
4,270
2,785
13,492

W S. Central........ 1 567,024
.
,
A rkansas_________ 342, 3 1
4
L ouisiana________ 238,325
O klahom a................ 292,496
T exas.......................... 693,862
M
ountain______ 413,355
M ontan a.................. 82,772
Idaho.......................... 71,543
W yom in g___ _____ 25,221
C olorado................... 96,925
N ew M exico........... 53,204
A rizona......................
U ta h ...........................
N ev a d a ....................

32,917
42,372
8,401

Pacific.................

480,394
127,720
89,692
262,982

W ashington______
Oregon____ ______
California.................

66 ,0 2 2
5 ,1 8 8
2 ,8 2 1
1,6 8 5
37,232
8 ,383
9 ,7 1 3

7 4 1,4 9 1
3 7 0,154
10 4 ,6 16
266,721

1,6 4 2 ,6 6 3
298,258
3 19 ,8 3 1
38 3 ,19 5
116 ,4 5 7
114 ,2 5 9
183,030
227,633

K e n tu c k y ________
T en n essee................
A la b a m a -.............. ..
M is s issip p i...........

7 48,666 1 ,1 2 7 ,3 9 1 1 ,2 1 7 ,* 6 3 1,7 0 0 ,4 2 5

3 ,12 6 ,6 2 4
1 ,4 0 6 ,0 0 4
516,750
1,203, 770

W N Central........
. .

E S. Central____
.

s e rv ic e

D om es­
C le ric a l
t ic a n d occu p ap e rs o n a l
service

2 3 ,17 1
12 ,2 6 3
9 ,3 5 8
160,831
2 2 ,12 6
4 6 ,6 17

349,997
286, 552
371,237
281,562
297,685

D e la w a r e -,.............
M a r y la n d ____ ____
D is t. C o lu m b ia __
V ir g in ia .—- - .........
W e s t V ir g in ia .___
N o rth C a rb h n a —.
S o u th C a r o lin a - - .
G e o rg ia -— —.........
F lo rid a .....................

sional

2 1,4 0 2
11 ,6 4 9
8 ,6 5 0
111, 350
14 ,7 1 0
3 0,795

O hio...................... In d ia n a _____ _____
Illin o is......................
M ic h ig a n __ —____
W isc o n sin .... ..........

Tensas... ...... ...
South Atlantic___

P rofes­

97,295
74,373
38,257
668,645
116 ,6 7 0
257,856

B. N Central-....... 1, 587,033
.

M in n e so ta ___ ____
Io w a ______ _______
M is s o u ri_____ ____
N o rth D a k o ta ___
S o u th D a k o ta ____
N e b ra sk a ________

P u b lic
servic e
(n o t
else­
w h e re
classi­
fied)

r

215,637 2 ,7 9 9 ,7 9 6
59,359
857,307
33,276
331,848
90 ,6 2 8
753,458
28,582
562,838
3 ,892
204,345
73,995
14,975
14 ,17 6
2 1,4 6 8
1 ,2 9 6
1,4 3 3
387
20,260

82,740
6, 5 1
5
7,681
38,190
31,418
92,851
16,691
5,129
8,767
23, 357
7,302
15,339
10,096
6,170

35,626
8,809
2,197
24,620

Source:
 Bureau of the Census,


30,917
6,923

11,276
11,484
4 151
>

9,798
13,528
2,459

6,353
8,223
2,285
527

838,794 161,819 259,635 61,216
168,566 49,834 65,727 12,471
81,215 26,826 30,477 4,362
389,013 115,159 173,431 44,383

Department of Commerce.

237,951
' 6 6 ,0 10
30,586
80,9 8 8
36,863
23,498

3,056 4,229
6,668
1,461

236,962 3 9 1,1 0 4
6 0,839 10 3 ,5 3 2
25,7 3 2
3 6 ,0 6 6
89,807 . 15 9 ,0 9 9
36,882
6 0,762
?2,7Q2
3 1,3 4 5

20 ,3 3 9
,8,645

IS

20,773
12 ,5 5 2

3,069
4,575
4,713
2,015

6 0 ,6 7 1
2 0 ,3 4 8
1 8 ,6 1 6
14 ,2 5 6

7,451
99,033
8,535
21,631
16,881
51,983
39,472
5,979
3,412
10
1
14,364
%

2,158
3,996
6,355
1,107

95,337 110,344 106,508
19,235 21,227 22,178
11,201 10,685 11,136
64,901 78,432 73,192

57

POPULATION---- OCCUPATIONS

Ho, 45.~PEM ALES 10 TEAKS OF AGE AND OVER ENGAGNDIN EACH GROUP
OF GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS, BT STATES, 1920
[N o te .—F or to ta l n u m b e r of fem ales 10 y e a rs of age an ti o ver g a in fu lly o ccu p ied see T a b le 46]

S t a t e a n d d ivisio n

Continental United
States................
New England...............

A g ricu l­
tu re ,
fo restry, E x tra c ­
tio n o f
an d
m in ­
a n im a l
era ls
h u s­
b a n d ry

1,0 6 4 ,12 8

M anu­
fa ctu rin g
T ra n s ­
a n d m e ­ p o rta ­
ch an ical
tio n
in d u s­
trie s

T ra d e

P u b lic
se rv ic e
D o m es­
C le ric a l
(n o t * P rofes­
t ic a n d occup a­
e ls e ­
s io n a l
p erson al
tio n s
w h e re servic e
se rv ic e
classi­
fied)

2,864 1,9 3 0 ,3 4 1 213,054 667,792

8 ,10 2
2 ,10 1
1,036
1,206
1,7 9 6
270
1,6 9 1

10
3
2
1
3

20,986
9 ,2 6 9
1,9 5 3
9 ,7 6 4

2 1,7 9 4 1 ,0 1 6 ,4 9 8 2 ,18 6 ,9 2 4 1 ,4 2 6 ,1 1 6

- 1,298

1

3 7 9 ,17 1
22,953
24,950
6 ,4 1 5
219,253
4 5,250
6 0,350

16,635
1,238
702
628
10,549
1,1 9 4
2,324

268
119
166
544
69
132

87,748
9 ,4 1 2
5,084
4 ,4 9 0
4 8 ,137
5,833
14,792

884
114
13
757

685,864
3 5 1,1 0 4
1 1 1 ,8 2 5
222,935

57,738 174,657
3 ,1 1 1
33,420 86,080
1,6 8 3
6,499 20,380 1
367
17 ,8 1 9 6 8 ,19 7
1,0 6 1

229,165
126,569
28,206
74,390

494,899 450,213
263,468 ' 263, 588
62,579
64,168
16 8 ,8 5 2 122,457

46, 757
10,658
7,454
9 ,468
8 ,8 1 2
10,365

601
214
46
116
216
9

3 7 1,2 6 8
102,075
45,598
122,542
65,587
45,466

5 1,1 3 6 16 1,934
13 ,2 4 2 43,6 6 0
6 ,043 19,024
19 ,1 5 6 57,367
7,864 24,736
4 ,8 3 1 17 ,2 0 6

20 7 ,14 8
6 1,4 5 4
26,247
6 5 ,653
3 5 ,256
2 8 ,538

378,861
100,898
47,667
125,404
5 9,259
45,733:

342,803
8 7,097
3 2 ,9 17
140,046
53,004
2 9,739

46, 690
9 ,6 1 8
7,293
13,668
3 ,4 2 6
3 ,0 18
4 ,085
5,479

146
19
20
48
2
4
1
52

112 ,6 4 9
23,395
18 ,3 4 9
50,603
1,3 3 8
1,9 9 5
7 ,1 1 9
9 ,8 4 1

26,705
6 ,5 15
4 ,6 3 0
7,776
952
789
2 ,8 12
4 ,2 3 1

77,994
16 ,670
14,930
23,452
2 ,18 0
2 ,986
7 ,746
10 ,0 3 0

5,794
554
750
729
286
330
428
708

15 1,5 4 5
3 1 ,1 7 5
32,894
32 ,0 8 1
8 ,1 1 1
8 ,3 7 7
17 ,4 0 2
2 1,6 0 5

214,373
4 4,638
38,297
7 0 ,12 5
8 ,9 0 6
8 ,4 4 1
18,887
2 5 ,12 9

138,528
32,482
24 ,14 9
4 6 ,13 3
3 ,12 4
3,346
13,359
15,435

879,700
533
3 ,13 6
19
18 ,6 0 5
5 ,889
80 ,4 7 2
126, 991
129,027
15 ,0 2 8

378
1
7
24
295
4
3
7
37

190,055
3,796
3 6 ,19 5
5 ,7 1 6
2 8 ,371
9 ,0 0 0
46,655
2 1,0 2 9
28,970
10 ,9 2 3

16,570
419
2,988
1 ,9 1 2
2 ,220
1,4 4 2
1,5 3 4
1,0 0 6
2 ,970
1 ,0 7 9

55,077
1,4 7 3
11 ,7 8 4
4 ,2 3 4
8 ,1 4 1
5,266
5 ,9 8 2
3,926
9 ,1 2 9
5 ,16 4

2 ,8 12
37
291
430
630
213
346
225
418
322

100,523
1,6 5 6
12,733
6 ,9 9 5
17 ,8 3 2
10 ,0 8 6
1 6 ,2 1 6
9 ,647
18,029
,7 ,3 3 0

375,453
6 ,3 7 8
4 8 ,5 3 8
3 0 ,17 7
64,264
18 ,4 0 8
43,627
38,3 3 6
8 6 ,12 3
3 9,602

123,790
3 ,8 1 0
2 1,5 4 9
4 3 ,15 3
16,223
6 ,8 4 1
7 ,861
4 ,4 9 4
14,072
5,787

East South Central........

3 11 ,0 5 1
19 ,3 2 1
36,336
122,755
132,639

207
87
40
75
5

69,291
25,536
22,585
15 ,1 0 3
6 ,0 6 7

8,398
2,834
2 ,7 16
1,6 7 8
1 ,1 7 0

26,292
9 ,8 1 4
7 ,9 15
6 ,5 2 8 <
4 ,0 3 5

1,5 0 6
533
288
349
336

51,6 7 2
14 ,5 8 5
14,494
12 ,229
10,364

193,313
44,227
55,379
6 7,345
36,362

38,703
14 ,556
12,355
7,806
3 ,9 8 6

West South Central.......

241,060
6 6 ,3 10
52, 611
2 2 ,16 1
99,978

326
5
88
159
77

44,856
4 ,2 2 5
14,437
6 ,4 8 2
2 0 ,7 12

2,227
319
332
562
1 ,0 1 4

72,478
9 ,0 6 1
1 1 ,1 3 9
16 ,3 7 3
35,905

189,858
2 4 ,7 13
53,727
24,622
86,7 9 6

58,252
6 ,3 8 6
10 ,4 3 0

Mountain............ ............

13,803
2,248
1,3 1 7
824
3,228
1,8 2 9
3 ,282
887
188

213
27
3
23
25
8
98
21
8

16,795
1,6 6 7
1 ,3 1 2
442
6 ,2 4 7
1,9 7 6
2 ,2 15
2,677
259

6 ,0 17
966
656
341
2 ,3 1 0
318
313
945
168

18,086
2 ,7 7 1
1,9 5 7
806
6 ,660
991
1 ,5 1 6
3 ,0 15
370

1,5 4 4
312
222
125
446
58
130
183
68

36,949
6 ,7 0 8
4 ,393
2 ,1 0 7
12 ,4 1 6
3 ,1 0 8
2 ,9 7 6
4 ,3 2 9
912

54,928
9 ,064
4 ,9 3 0
3 ,3 0 5
19 ,5 2 6
5 ,3 13
5 ,6 0 0
5 ,458
1,7 3 2

28,885
4 ,5 1 5
2 ,7 19
1,4 2 9
1 1 ,7 2 9
1,3 4 0
2 ,2 5 6
4 ,268
629

16,079
3,806
2,308

98
12

59, 801
10,973
7, 210

15,499

54,031
1 1 ,6 1 8
6 ,445
35,968

1,9 6 9
'473
300
1 ,1 9 6

79,270
17 ,0 9 7
10 ,6 6 2
5 1 ,5 1 1

116,973
25,997
14,567
7 6,409

90,321
19,362
10,746
6 0 ,3 13

M aine^_w«_________. . .
N e w {H am pshire..........
V e rm o n t —......... .......
{M assach u setts...............
Tthndri Island
C o n n e c tic u t...................

Kiddle Atlantic............
N e w "Eorfc......................
N e w J e rs e y ____ ______
P e n n s y lv a n ia -------------

East North Central.......
O hio_________________
I n d ia n a ...... ................... ..
TlliTmis_____________
M ic h ig a n .........................
W is c o n s in ......................

West North Central__
M in n e s o ta .................
I o w a . ................... .............
M is s o u ri _____________
N o r th D a k o ta ...............
S o u th D a k o t a . . . ..........
N e b ra s k a — _________
K a n s a s _____________

South Atlantic..............

D e la w a re ............... ...........
M a r y la n d ____ _______
D is tr ic t o l C o lu m b ia ..
V ir g in ia ....................... W e s t V ir g i n ia ________
N o rth C a ro lin a ______
S o u th C a ro lin a .............
G eo rg ia .............................
F lo r id a -------- ------------K e n tu c k y _______ _____
T en n essee____ _______
A la b a m a _____________
M ississip p i.......... ...........

A rk an sa s ____________
L o u isia n a _______ ____
O k la h o m a ....................
T e x a s...................... ..........

M o n t a n a ........ ...............
Id a h o ....... .........................
W y o m in g _____ _____
C o lo ra d o .................. ..
N e w M ex ico ________
A riz o n a ............................
U ta h ..................................
N e v a d a -..........................

Pacific.........................
W a s h in g to n __________
O reg o n. ...........................
C a lifo rn ia .......................

9,965

Source: Bureau
 of the Census,


6

78

41, 618

65,164
4 ,3 6 8
2,458
1,6 6 0
32,888
4 ,4 2 8
9 ,4 13

15,356 42,557
1,437 . 4 ,6 6 4
2 ,0 5 0
7 ,9 12
8 ,5 0 5
3,876
7,993 2 1,4 8 6

3,562
2,248
9,689

Department of Commerce.

3,533
732
489
1,1 8 6
650

/

476

168,266
16 ,6 9 8
9 ,8 1 6
9 ,0 0 6
94,766
11 ,9 3 7
26,043

154,621
7,804
6 ,13 5
3,376
9 5 ,2 19
11 ,6 8 1
31,5 0 6

58

POPULATION ENGAGED IN GAIN FUL OCCUPATIONS

No. 46.— MALES AND FEMALES 10 TEARS OF AGE AND OVER ENGAGED IN
GAINFUL OCCUPATIONS

[N ote.—The percentages represent the proportion which persons occupied form of the total population
of the given sex 10 years of age and over]
M ales
N um ber

1 91 0

1920

F em ales
P e r cen t

1910 1 9 2 0

N um ber

P e r cen t

1910

1 92 0

1 91 0

1 92 0

.......

30,091,664

83,064,737

81.3

7 8.2

8,075,772

8, 549, 511

23.4

21.1

N ew E n g la n d ..................... ........
M a in e _________ __________
N ew H a m p sh ire..................
V e rm o n t.................................
M a s sa c h u se tts......................
R h o d e I s la n d ........................
C o n n e c tic u t..........................

2,139, 699
242,175
143,363
116,781
1,086,767
180,962
370,481

2,363,377
245,013
143,525
111,585
1,225,163
194,438
443,653

80.7
7 8.8
8 0 .5
7 7.9
81.1
82.6
81.3

80.4
7 7.9
7 9.2
77.2
8 0.9
82 0
8 1 .0

775,161
63,282
48,340
28,308
444,301
70,939
119,981

871,016
64,8*6
49,302
26,899
503,156
80,562
146,252

2 8.9
2 1.3
2 7.5
2 0 ,2
3 1 ,7
3 2.1
2 7.0

2 9.0
21.1
27.3
19.2
3 1.6
327
27.1

M id d le A tla n tic ....................
N e w Y o r k ..........— ...........
N e w J e rs e y
.....................
P e n n s y lv a n ia ........................

.....
.

6,380,198
3,020,168
834,796
2,625,245

7,122,699
3,367,909
1,014,663
2,740,127

81.1
8 1 .0
8 1.1
8 1.3

80.1
8 0.4
8 0.8
79.5

1,828,687
983,686
239,565
605,436

2,117,517
1,135,295
295,990
686,232

2 4 .1
2 6.7
2 4.0
2 0.9

24.1
2 6.9
23.9
20.7

East N orth C e n tra l____ _______
O h io _______
________
I n d ia n a -.................................
Tllmnis
_
M ic h ig a n
......................
W is c o n sin ......................

.....
.....
..........
....
—
__________
----------_
.
—
.....

6,976,363
1,572,343
880,979
1,865,422
926,815
729,804

6,951,808
1,891,546
931,647
2,086,800
1,228,831
813,184

7 9.4
7 9 .8
7 9 .5
8 0 .0
7 9 .6
76.5

78.7
7 9.4
77.7
78.8
8010
76.8

1,282,590
346,712
155, 731
431,356
186,183
162,608

1,564,641
409,970
185,385
540,938
245,383
182,365

18.2
18.5
14.8
2 0 .0
17.4
18.6

18,9
10 3
100
2 1.3
101
18.3

..............
W est N orth C e n tra l
M in n e so ta ...............
Io w a
............. .............
M is s o u ri
N o rth D a k o ta
S o u th D a k o ta ____ ______
N e b ra sk a ................ .............
K a n s a s ............ ............

3,758,603
689,847
694,799
1,076,772
188,372
190,363
377,811
540,639

3,816,681
742,947
717,377
1,072,546
178, 754
186,885
385,292
631,881

7 8.2
7 8 .2
7 6.1
8 0.7
78.3
7 7.4
76.8
7 7.3

7 4.6
7 6.3
7 3 .2
7 7.4
70 9
722
72 9
73.8

690,440
145,605
131,514
211,564
29,046
28,714
63,303
80,694

772,315
164,066
141,321
244,615
28,328
29,686
71,789
92,510

1611
19.5
15.5
10.8
15.8
14.5
14.6
13.0

162
10 4
15.2
101
160
103
14.-8
10 7

South A tlan tic...............................
D e la w a re —...........
.........
M a r y l a n d - ______________
D is tric t o f C o lu m b ia -___
V ir g in ia .______ _________
W e s t V irg in ia ____________
N o rth C a ro lin a —
S o u th C a ro lin a ........ ...........
G eo rg ia ...........................
F lo rid a _____________

3,797,267
68,317
410,884
105,044
626,868
394,390
674,849
460,794
807,185
248,926

4,096,041
73,122
466,257
143,401
877,366
433,677
693,155
468,601
840,412
300,050

33.8
8 1.5
8 1 .0
7 9 .0
8 1 .4
8 1 .6
8 6 .4
8 6 .7
8 5.9
8 3.2

77.6
7 9.7
8 0.0
82 6
76.4.
7 6.0
7 5.5
77:6
7 8.6
7 7.7

1,300,472
17,646
130,280
62921
168,700
54,100
272,990
267,833
352,941
73,161

1,243,958
18,102
137,221
92,626
156,210
57,439
202,697
205,656
288,745
85,262

3 1.0
22.1
25; 2
30 0
2 2 .0
12.9
3 4 .2
4 9 .0
3 7 .3
2 7.5

208
2 0.8
23.8
4 5.5
d& l

East South C e n tra l____________
K e n tu c k y * .........................
T en n essee
___________
A la b a m a
........... ...........
M ississip p i-.....................

—
.

2,659,090
719,369
682,248
683,194
574,279

2,608,411
719,629
677,988
684,348
526,446

85.3
82 3
8 3 .5
8 8 .3
8 8.2

77.9
77.1
76.5
79,5
78.7

940,006
M 7 ,611
173,298
314,330
305,366

702,433
131,493
152,108
223,868.
194,964

3 0 .7
17.4
2 1.6
4 0.9
4 7.6

21.1
14.5
17.2
2 5 .8
29.1

W e s t South C e n tra l.....................
A rk a n s a s ....................
L o u is ia n a ._________
O k lah o m a..............................
T e x a s ......................... ............

2, 760, 782
510,410
501, 574
520,376
1, 228,422

3,049,275
518,754
528,507
586,834
1,415,180

82.8
8 6 .8
8 1 .9
8 0 .3
82 7

76.2
7 7.7
7 7 .2
7 3.6
76.6

746,299
161,993
177,609
78*253
328,444

666,973
115,810
152,726
94,594
303,843

2 4.4
2 9.7
2 9 .6
1 4.2
2 4.1

17.8
102
224
10 2
17.8

M o u n ta in ......................................
M o n ta n a ........ ....................
I d a h o - ....................................
W y o m in g ...............................
C o lo r a d o ................ ...........
N e w M ex ico .........................
A riz o n a ............. ....................
U ta h — — - .........................
N evada
.........................

967, 924
159,896
118,050
67, 593
285,083
106,418
77,236
113,113
40,535

1,077,774
185,905
135,850
72,134
303,870
107,090
112,193
127,418
33,214

81.7
8 4 .0
8 0 .4
8 7 .5
8 1 .3
8 0 .7
8 1 .5
7 6.9
8 7.3

77.1
7 8.9
7 5.5
8 1.7
7 6.8
74.5
78.1
74.0
8 4.3

140,013
18,851
13,038
6,013
53* 641
15,079
10, 589
18,427
4,375

177,220
28,278
17,509
9,402
62,587
14,941
18,386
21,783
4,334

18.1
10 6
12 8
14.9
18. 5
13.8
10 8
14.4
18.7

15.2
15.2
12 0
15.0
17.8
121
10 4
13.7
17.7

P a c ific - ...........................................
W a s h in g to n _______
O regon....................................
C a lifo rn ia ..............................

1,662,818
455, 375
264, 091
932,752

1,979,671
485,767
267,791
1,226,113

82.1
82 4
81.5
821

79.8
8 0 .3
70 1
8 0.0

281,515
66,120
40,473
174,916

434,039
92,900
54,492
286,647

19.0
1 7.4
17.5
20.1

20.4
10 7
104
21.4

U n ited S tates...........

,

....

___

.......

.....

-

.........
—
—

__
.....

.

..... ..
___

—

.

.

.......

___

 of the Census,
Source: Bureau


Department of Commerce.

11.2
2 1.9
304
26.7
203

59

RELIGIOUS BODIES
No. 47.— RELIGIOUS BODIES: S tatistics

of

P rincipal D enominations, 1922

[N ote.—M ost of the figures are from reports of statistics collected by the statistician or other officer of
each denomination for the fiscal year 1922, which closes at various periods for the different denomina­
tions. Figures included for a few smaller bodies are from the religious census of 1916, and for other
smaller bodies for which official figures could not be obtained from the latest available source]

N am e

C h u rch es

Min­

isters

M e m b e rs

Sun­
S u n d a y Total raised
school
day
all purschools members
Dollars

A ll d e n o m in a tio n s .,................................
A d v e n tis t b o d ie s ................................................ ..
B a p tis t b o d ies......................................... ..................
N o rth e rn B a p t is t C o n v e n tio n 1________
S o u th e rn B a p t is t C o n v e n tio n ___________
N a tio n a l B a p tist-C o n v e n tio n (co lored )___
AH o th er—___ —.......................................................
B re th re n , G erm a n B a p tis ts (D u n k e rs )_____
C h r is tia n C h u rc h (G en e ra l C h r is tia n C o n ­
v en tio n ) _ .................. ........................................... ........
C h u rch e s of C h r is t.............. .........................................
C o n greg atio n al C h u rch e s..........................................
D iscip les of C h r is t - ......................................................
E a s te rn O rthodox C h u rc h e s...................................
G reek O rthodox (H e lle n ic ).................................
R u s s ia n O rthodox—..................................................
A ll o th er.........................................................................
E v a n g e lic a l C h u rch —a m erg er of E v a n g e li­
c a l A sso ciatio n a n d U n ite d E v an g e lic a l
C h u r c h ...........................................................................
E v an g e lic a l S y n o d of N o rth A m e ric a..............
F rie n d s . .............................................................................
J e w is h C o n g regatio n s............................................ —
L a tte r D a y S a in ts .........................................................
L u th e ra n s_________ ___ ______ ______ _____
U n ite d L u th e r a n C h u rc h in A m erica ............
J o in t S y n o d o f O hio.................................................
Io w a S y n o d .......................................... .......................
A u g u s ta n a S y n o d s ...................... ............................
N o rw e gia n L u th e r a n C h u rc h ........................
M isso u ri S y n o d ............ .............................................
J o in t W isco n sin S y n o d ___- ............... . . . . . .
A H o th er_______ _______ _________________
M e n n o n ite b o d ie s ____ ________ _________
M e th o d ists....................— .........................................
W h ite ......... ............................................................... —
M e th o d is t E p isc o p al C h u rc h .................... ..
M e th o d is t E p isc o p al C h u rc h , S o u th ___
M e th o d is t P r o t e s t a n t - .——.............. ............
A ll o th er............ ..................... ...................................
C o lo red —- . _____ ^.................................................. ..
A fric a n M e th o d is t E p is c o p a l.......................
A frica n M e th o d is t E p isc o p al Z ion.............
C olo red M e th o d is t E p isc o p al in A m erica
A ll o th er________________ ______ ______
M o r a v ia n bo d ies............................................................
P re s b y te ria n —.............. ..................................................
P re s b y te ria n C h u rc h , U n ite d S ta te s of
A m e r ic a .................................................................
P re s b y te ria n C h u rch , U n ite d S t a t e s _____
U n ite d P re s b y te ria n C h u rc h of N o rth
A m erica .......................................................................
A ll o th er.................—_________ _________ ___
P ro te s ta n t E p isc o p al C h u r c h ................................
R eform ed b o d ie s ............................................................
R efo rm ed C h u rc h in th e U n ite d S ta te s ___
R efo rm ed C h u rc h in A m e ric a ...........................
C h r is tia n R e fo rm e d ................................................
R o m a n C a th o lic C h u rc h ....................... ...................
S a lv a tio n A r m y .....................- ........................ ..............
S p iritu a lis ts ______ ______ ______ ______ ____
T h eo so p h ical so cieties_________ ____ _______
U n ita r ia n s .......................................................................
U n ite d B re th re n b o d ies..................... .....................
U n iv e rs a lis ts ....................................................................
A H o th er..............................................................................

243,678 214,385 47,407,261 904,464 25,189,419 618,317,578
2,752
3,040
7,121,257
65,465
8,167,535 49,716 4, 535,164 68,732,651
7,648 1,047,456 29,883,186
8,631
8,463 *1,274,250
27,574 16,980 *3,374,165 21,184 2,224,834 33,432,745
24,333 18,267 3,253,733 19,723 1,186,831
4,939,226
4,917
76,043
1,161
4,887
265,387
477,494
136,432
1,437
178,090
3,805
1,256
1,190,985
1,208
5,570
5,873
8,714
415
130

212

73
2,916
1,314
920
3.000

100,430
2,507
317,937
5,781
838,271
5,926 1,218,849
455
456,054
200,000
165

220

200,000

70

56,054

15,857
3,803
954
999
1,254
2,637
4,179
625
1,406
972
65,414
51,509
29,232
17,504
2,379
2,394
13,905
6,900
2,716
3,824
465
149
15,800

259,417
1,856
317,986
1,175
106,548
1,252
810
400,000
10,854
604,082
10,168 2,515.662
2,839
801,260
151,948
746
603
132,269
756
204,081
260,888
957
673.321
3,019
566
139,605
682
152,300
91,603
1,548
51,925 8,262,289
37,710 6*889,414
20,514 *4,255,246
*13,079 2,362,598
186,276
1,356
2,761
85,295
14,215 1,372,876
6,560
651,766
412,328
3,962
3,039
366,315
664
42,466
187
25,692
14,421 2,402,392

9,710
3,492

9,965 1,722,254
411,854
2,056

929
1,1
8,324
2,741
1,756
736
249
16,615
1,262
.624

162,780
1,441
105,504
6,024 1,118,396
525,161
2,303
337, 526
1,290
141,222
774
239
46,413
18,104,804
22,0491!
3,940 « 52, 291
332
106.322
64,126
4
492 U 0 8 ,5 60
389,972
2,311
561
46,775
12,311
536,005

2.000

222
448
3,694
644
9,419

944
a 197,723
94,090
679,091
183,022
3,441
781,195 21,522,269
6,000
8,519 1,024,773 * 11,165,391
17,787
105* 315
213
50
4,500
152
12,500
11
787
105*315

7,403,795
6,720,184
4,322,000
2,060,137
191,270
156,777
683, AM
278,313
203,147
193.000
9,151
21.773
2,214,619

20,101,432
4,209,052
1,099*644
4,788,228
1,284,068
38,964,933
13,798,195
1,971*324
1,343,907
4,185,545
4,539,451
9 ,91%459
1,526*629
1,680*423
2,178*169
127,412*316
121,321*996
82,309,952
34,500,193
2,219,604
2,292*247
6,090*320
3,425,000
784,746
1,736*192
144,382
520,660
65,389*459

9,856 1,502,616
431,178
3,085

47,341*334
11,743,725

3,101

1,200

741
780
2,243
10,847
3,682
810
733
1,254
1,216
1,819
345
988
757
59,341
47,585
26,623
16,949
1,965
2,048
11,756
6,250
2,544
2,543
419
143
15,478

943

1,J
6,000
2,655
1,715
770
170
15,642
74
312
3,379
467

7.<

419,463
163,263
67.309
74,022
281,442
1,069,514
576,959
75,432
40,121
91.772
70,777
132.334
17,699
64,420

100,101

5,565,180
199,515
739,220
81.310
504,646 35,513,273
9*895,874
526,055
5,007,685
368,708
136.000
3,998,325
889,864
21,347
4,332, 561 8 76,368,204
3,985,434
125.335
93,443
4,008
1,176
1,252,600
20,240
6,214,178
467, 831
58,442
1,069,075
8,261,688
397, 537

Sou rce: Y earb o o k of th e C h u rch e s, 1923, ed ite d b y E . O. W atso n .
1 In c lu d e s e s tim a te d figu res for F re e B a p tis t.
2 In c lu d in g o n e-h alf D is tric t of C o lu m b ia , 6,529.
8 A m o u n t ra ise d 1921.
8 In c lu d in g 259,581 n o n resid e n t m em b ers; t h a t is , m em b ers lo st s ig h t of, c a rrie d on ro lls 3 y e a rs before
befri® dro p p ed . T h ese no t p re v io u s ly rep o rted .
8 L o cal preachers* 5,109.
8 FRASER
for Ju n io r, 16,276.
1A d h eren ts, in c lu d in g co m m u n ican ts.

Digitized


60

RELIGIOUS ROBIES

N o.4 8 .—RELIGIOUS ORGANIZATIONS REPORTER: V alue o r Church P rop­
erty , D ebt on Church P roperty, Value op P arsonages , and Expenditures
in 1916, by D enominations
V a lu e o f church,
p ro p e rty

D en o m in atio n

Org a n izatio n s
re ­
p o rt­
in g

V a lu e
rep o rted

D eb t o n ch u rch
p ro p e rty
Org a n izatio n s
re­
p o rt­
in g

Dollars

1,739
A d v e n tis ts (5 b o d ie s ). . . . . .
B a p tis ts :
7,748
N o rth ..........................................
S o u th .......................................... 19,268
C o lo red....................................... 20,117
O th er (14 b o d ie s)............. ..
B r e th r e n (D u n k e rs):
C h u rch of t h e B re th re n
928
260
O th e r (4 b o d ie s)..................
C h ris tia n C h u rch ....................
1,
4,373
C h u rch o f C h ris t.....................
5,526
C o n g reg atio n alists..................
D iscip les o f C h rist................ .. 5,597
E a s te rn O rth o d o x ;
64
G re e k C h u rc h .......................
169
R u s s ia n C h u rc h .. ...............
40
O th e r (5 b o d ie s)..................
1,565
E v a n g e lic a l A ss o c ia tio n —
F rie n d s :
718
O rth o d o x ....... .......................
205
O th e r (3 b o d ies)..................
1,249
G e rm a n E v a n g e lic a l S y n o d .
314
J e w is h C on gregation s............
L a tte r -D a v S a in ts :
C h u rch o f Jiesus C h ris t.
R eo rg a n ized C h u r c h .. . . .
390
L u th e ra n s :
G e n e ra l S y n o d . . ................. 1,811
G e n e ra l C o u n c il.................. 2 ,274
S y n o d ic a l C o n fe re n c e .... .
3,151
798
S y n o d fo r N o r w e g ia n .... .
1,208
U n ite d N o rw e g ia n .............
776
S y n o d o f O h io .. . . . . . . . . .
847
S y n o d o f I o w a ................. . .
1,567
O th e r (14 b o d ie s)................
M e n n o n ite s (1 6 b o d ie s).........
M eth o d ists:
M e th o d ist E p is c o p a l......... 28,134
M e t h o d i s t E p isc o p a l,
S o u t h . . .............................. 17,133
2,276
M e th o d ist P r o t e s t a n t .. . .
O th e r w h ite <5 b o dies) . 2,023
A fric a n M eth o d ist E p is­
c o p a l .. . . . . . . . ................... 6,232
A fric a n M e th o d ist E p is­
co p a l, Z ion......................... 2,475
C o lored M e th o d ist E p is­
c o p a l.................................... 2,544
242
O th e r colored (6 b o d ies). P re s b y te ria n s ;
P r e s b y te ria n i n U n ite d
S ta te s of A m e r ic a ...........
8,677
P re s b y te ria n i n U n ite d

3,041
952
1,658
6,464

U n ite d P r e s b y te r ia n ..........
O th er ( 7 b o d ie s).............
P ro te s ta n t E p isc o p al..............
R efo rm ed :
R efo rm ed i n A m e r ic a . . . .
690
R efo rm ed i n U n i t e d
S ta te s ....................................... 1,663
248
O th er (2 b o d ie s)....................
R o m a n C a th o lic ........................ 14,489
U n ite d B r e th re n :
U n ite d B r e th r e n in C h rist. 3,220
U n ite d B re th re n (O ld
378
C o n s titu tio n )......................
896
U n ite d E v a n g e lic a l...............
A ll oth er (81 b o d ie s)............... 4,925

3,885,235

A m ount

P a rso n a g es
Org a n izatio n s
re­
p o r t­
in g

318,664

96

94,644,133
58,348,373
41,184,920
4,187,321

1,783
1,638
4,210
237

7,302,769
3,153,158
3,433; 866
77,295

3,166
1,820
690
150

3,990,898
1,064,937
3,569,471
5,644,096
80,842,813
40,327,201

116
38
107
276
1,447
1,327

129,705
114,289
147,494
136,003
3,928,253
4,160,239

65
26
183

1,115,464
2,137,713
323,707
8,317,978

132
24
271

322,423
982,048
110,891
771,943

4.262.893
1,457,580
13,118,273
31,012,576

72
3
451
566

119,794
2,400
1,492,479
6,502,872

6,283,226
871,571

178
82

268,230
62,204

24,271,797
32,108,091
25,973,538
4,383,151
5,990,280
5,718^ 462
4,057,635
6,912,209
2,292,424
215,104,014

476
876

1,078

167

210

219
162
318
61

2,376,634
4 ,5 3 0 ,4 2 5

3,261,637
363,588
324,818
679,504
250,214

Org a n izatio n s
re­
p o rt­
in g

Dollars

Dollars

313

V a lu e
re p o rte d

E x p e n d itu re s for
year

22

3,049
947

6
96

12

762

167,550

Dollars

2,240

160,300
69,250
379,750
28,900
9,295,284
2,318,852

911
705,725
218,905
244
1,103
644,044
2,168
679 191
5,619 14,220,133
5,568 8,797,820

13,200
503,614
36,300
1,932,269

74
165
44
1,615

230,288
549,776
76,904
1,939,368

757

1,610

714,166
111,327
2,376,690
4,352,935

948
422

804,068
145,036

1,810
2 ,3 4 3

4,342,251
5,630,234
6 721,599

1,356
806
957
1,726
664

1,431,715
1,256,673
I 089 874
1,617,778
503,972

326,830

841

2,668,175
164,150

19

57,105
4,750

812
680

2.886.790
4,187,578
5,792,672
898,874
1,157,375
1,247,255
1,127,225
1.390.552
106,175

2,220
252
352
474
481
516
61

2,186,588

8,325,422 7,848 16,082,462
4,471,683 21,078 15,063,743
664,325 19,988 8,361,919
257,520 2,883
518; 695

210

6

A m ount

201
l,

6,332 16,615,195 14,262 34,751,557 28,791 43,993,681

62,428,433
7,944,467
4,034,473

1,914
250

3,849,850
484,679
249,337

5,327 11,777,753 18,751 17,139,398
679 1,385,169 2,393 1,509,243
968 1,354,568 2,198 1,264,205

14,631,792

2,437

1,518,332

1,867

2.025.552

6,516

7,591,;

793

795,437

485

632,416

2,641

1,700,737

5,619,862
561,968

828
82

311,066
63,236

£25

552,106
24,350

2,613

1,736,692
130,055

150,239,123

2,130

7,504,138

4,536 17,048,494

9,059 30,166,153

23,924,915
13,543,213
6,282,348
164,990,150

424
225
135
1,281

1,319,344
1,068,964
202,676
0,380,117

1,112

3,101 5,809,909
974 3,094,945
987,895
1,627
0,831 22,509*942

18,928,383

2,007,041
676,032
182
6,024 68,590,159

3,782,057
538 1,701,625
238
476,665
3,154 18,395,182
2.378.790

2581 1,093,623

20,116,336
2,092,908
374,206,895

22

13,787,579
707,396
4.657.893
47,909,075

705

3,413,395

2,746,065

786 2,598,115 1,714 3,247,773
731,845
848,704
265
203
8,976 61,338,287 13,722 72,358,136

456

1,489,929

1 ,130

2,296,847

3,373

3,315,238

100

245
1,412

11,253
524,988
4,230,708

138,000
962,490
3,554,422

402
927
6,485

185,865
1,111,264
9,430,697

401
1,023

T o ta l.
197,807 1,676,600,582 42,990 164,864,899 65,272 218,846,096 203,859 328,809,999

http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ the Census, Department of Commerce.
Source: Bureau of
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

VITAL STATISTICS
No* 49.— BIRTH AND DEATH REGISTRATION: S t a t e s I nclude ^ # R e g ist r a ­
A r e a w ith Y e a r W hen E ach W a s A dded

tion

Year
Year

Registration States
DEATH REGISTRATION

Massachusetts........... .
New Jersey________
District of Columbia..
Connecticut—
............
Delaware1____ ____
New Hampshire........
New York.............. __
Rhode Island______
Vermont___ ______
Maine____________
Michigan__________
_________
Indiana—
California_________
Colorado.___ ______
Maryland...... ............
Pennsylvania______
South Dakota3........
Washington________
Wisconsin................
Ohio___ ___-______
Minnesota.—
---------Montana_ — —
_ —
North Carolina8........
Utah.................. *___
Kentucky.________..
Missouri........... . ....... .
Virginia....... ..............

■ 1880
1890
•1900
■ 1906
1908
1909

3

1911
1913

Year

R e g istra tio n S ta te s

DEATH REGISTRATION—
co n tin u ed
K a n sa s_______ ____ ___
1914
S o u th C a r o lin a ........ ..........
1916
T en n essee.................. ............
\ 1917
Territory of Hawaii
I llin o is .—. .............................
L o u isia n a _____ ________ • 1918
O regon.....................................
F lo r id a ___ _____ ______
M is s is s ip p i............................. ■ 1919
N e b r a s k a ............................ J 1920
G eo rgia_______________ 1

Idaho
..............
Wyoming . .
BIRTH REGISTRATION
Connecticut

J-1922

M a in e ___________ _____
M assach nsetts . .. _
M ic h ig a n ____ _______ _
M in n e s o ta __________. . .
N ew H am pshire,
■1915
N ew Y o r k _____________
P e n n s y lv a n ia .......................
R h o d e I s la n d 4_________
V erm o n t..................................
D is tric t of C o lu m b ia ___

Year

R egistration States

BIRTH REGISTRATION—
continued
M a r y la n d .. _____ ___
Indiana_____________
K ansas ______ _______

K e n tu c k y ____________
N o rth C a r o lin a .. ____
O hio___________ ____
U ta h ...........................................
V irg in ia ............ ...................
W a s h in g to n ..____ _____
W isco nsin . ______ ____
C a lifo rn ia .....................
Oregon......................................
S o u th C a r o l i n a ..................
N e b ra s k a _______ _____ _
D e la w a re ..............................
M is s i s s i p p i ........................
N ew J e r s e y .....................
I llin o is ............ ........................
M o n ta n a ___________
Wyoming...... ......... ....

1916

1917

1919
1920
1921
1922

i Dropped from the area in 1900; readmitted in 1919.
3 Dropped from the area in 1910.
3 Included only municipalities having a population of 1,000 or mdre in 1900; remainder added in 1916.
* Dropped from the area in 1919; readmitted in 1921.

No. 50.—DEATHS:1 N um ber

and

A r e a (E x c l u siv e

R at e s in E ntire D eath R egistration
H a w a ii ), 1S80 to 1922

of

[N ote .— Ow in g to changes in area co vered , d e a th ra te s an d ra tio s a re n o t s tr ic tly com parable]

Registration area
Year
Population
18802...................
1890*...................
1900-...................
1901.....................
1902......... ..........
1903.....................
1901........... .........
1905.....................
1906.....................
1907......... ..........
1908.....................
1909......... ...........
1910.....................
1911................
1912.....................
1913...................
1914.....................
1915.....................
1916.....................
1917.....................
1918......... ...........
1919.....................
1920....................
1921.....................
1922.............—

Deaths under
lyear of age

All deaths

Deaths under
6 years of age

Rate
Percent Percent
Percent
ofU.S. ofU.S.
Percent
Number
1*000 Number of all Number OfAll
total total
deaths
popula­ area
deaths
pot C ‘
tion

8,'538,366
19,659,440
30,765,618
31,370,952
32,029,815
32,701,083
33,345,163
34, 052; 201
41,983,419
43,016,990
46,789,913
50,870,518
53,831,742
59,183,071
60,359,974
63,200,625
65,813,315
67,095, 681
71,349,162
74,984,498
81,333,675
85,166, 043
87,486,713
88,667,602
93,241,643

17.0
31.2
4G 5
40.3
4a 4
4a 4
40.4
40.4
48.9
49.2
52.5
56. 1
58.3
63.2
63.5
65.5
67.2
67.5
70.8
73.4
78.5
81.1
82.2

82. 2

85.3

0.6
3.0
7.1
7.2
7.2
7.2
7.2
7.2
2(X3
20.3
24.4
25.7
33.6
37.2
37.2
3a 6
41.3
41.3
44.0
45.4

5% 0
55.5

58.0
58.0

66.1

169,453
386,212
539,939
518,207
508,640
524,415
561,354
545,533
658,105
687,034
691,674
732,538
805,412
839,284
838,251
89a 848
898, 059
909,155
1,001,921
1,068,932
1,471,367
1,096,436
1,142,558
1,032,009
1,101,863

19.8
19.0
17.0
16.5
15.0
16.0
16.5’
16.0
15.7
16.0
14.8 .
14.4
15.0
14.2
ia e
14.1
13.6
13.6
14.0
14.3
18.1
12.9
13.1
11.6

11.8

48,041
86,790
111,687
97,477
98,675
96.857
102,880
105,; 553
133; 105
131,110
136,432
140,057
154,373
149,322
147,455
159,435
155,075
148*561
164,660
171,024
193,855
161,621
174,710
160,011
158,560

28. 3
22. 5
20.7
18.8
19.4
ia s
ia 7
19.3
20.2
19.1
19.7
19.1
19.2
17.8
17.6
17.9
17.3
16.3
16.4
16.0
13.2
14.7
15.3
15.5
14.4

74,810
133,778
164,137
141,678
143,515
13a 940
145,902
147,384
186,978
183,774
189,865,
217,319
209,482
204,639
225* 129
214,120
203,223
234,081
243,70S
3«6,143
229,813
248,432
220,088
218,201

Source* Tables 49 and 50, Bureau of the Census Department of Commerce.
* Exclusive of stillbirths.
2 Census year ending May 31.




61

44.0
34.6
30.4
27.3
2a 2
26.7
28.5
27.0
28.4
26.7
27.5
26.8
27.0
25.0
244
25.3
2a 8
22.4
2&4

228

ma
21.0
2L7
21.4

19.8

62

VITAL STATISTICS

No. 6 1 .— DEATHS:1 R ate pee 1,000 P opulation, by S ex and by A ge G roups
[Note—It is necessary for accurate comparison of different periods to consider only States having regis­
tration at the dates compared. The rates for the registration States of 1900 and 1910 are based on the
population as enumerated June 1,1900, April 15,1910, and January 1, 1920, and the estimated midyear
population of 1903 and 1913, and those for the registration States of 1920 are based on midyear estimates.
For definition of crude and adjusted rates see note to Table 55]
Death rates from all causes (exclusive of stillbirths) per 1,000 population
Registration States of 1900

Registration Registration States
States of 1910
ofl920

Sex and age group
A nnual
a v e rag e

1910 1920 1920 1921 1922

1900 1910 1920
1901- 19111905 1915
BOTH SE X E S

A ll a$es:
A djusted rate___
Crude rate..............
U nder 1 y ea r.........................
1 to 4 years........................
U nder 5 years........................
6 to 9 years-......................
10 to 14 years....................
15 to 19 years_____ ______
20 to 24 years............... ..........
25 to 34 years..........................
35 to 44 years......„...........
45 to 54 years______ _____
55 to 64 years....................... .
65 to 74 years.........................
75 years and over__......... ...

17.0 15.4 13.2
17.2 15.7 13.9
162.4 141.7 106.1
19.8 15.0 10.7
49.9 41.8 29.1
4.7 3.6 3.2
3.0 2.4 2.3
4.8 3.7 3.8
6.8 5.3 5.2
8.2 6.6 6.4
10.3 9.6 ao
15.0 14 7 12.6
27.3 28.3 25. 5
56,5 59.0 se. r
142.4 145.2 141. 3

15.5
15.8
m 2
15.8
44 7
41
2.7
44
6.1
7.5
9.9
14 4
27.-1
55.1
137.8

141
14 6
123.0
11.8
34 6
3.1
2.1
as
49
ai
9.0
14 3
27.6
58.0
140.1

14 6
14 7
132.2
14 0
38.8
3.5
2.4
a7
5.3
ae
9.1
la g
26. 5
56.0
141.2

12.9
13.4
101.2
9.9
27.6
3.1
2.3
3,8
6.3
as
ai
12.2
246
54 3
138.0

12.7
iao
oa o
9.8
2a 5
ao
2.3
41
&7
6.8
a2
12. 1
23.6
52.3
133. 6

11.2
11.6
88. 1
7.9
23,3
2.8
2.1
a4
46
5.0
6,8
11.1
2a 2
49. 5
125,4

m o

17.0
17.9
179. i
20.5
54 1
47
2.9
49
7.0
8.3
10.8
15. 8
28.8
59. 5
145. 9

16.6
16.6
152.7
16, 6
45.3
42
2.8
44
6.2
7.8
10.6
1516
29. 1
ea 2
142:9

15.3
16.5
136,7
12.4
37.8
3 .3
2.2
3.7
6 .3
6.5
10.1
15.9
30.1
61.7
144 6

16.8
16.6

15.8
45.4
3; 7
2.5
3 .9
5.5
7,0
10. 5
16. 2
30.9
62.3
150.0

13.8
14 2
119.8
11.1
32. 0
3.4
2.4
3 .9
5.0
6.2
a 3
13. 1
26.7
58.6
145.0

13.5
13.9
114 0
lft4
30.4
3 .3
2.5
41
5:2
6.4
8.4
12.8
25.7
56,6
140.9

13.2
13.4
108. 5
10.2
29.1
3.1
2.4
4. 2
' 5.4
6.5
a s
12.6
24 6
64 2
136 1

11.8
12.0
99.0
&4
25,7
3.0
2.3
3 .4
45
49
7.1
11.4
2a 2
51. 5
127.9

iao
12.4
948
7,9
245
ae
2.0
a4
4.4
ao
7.4
ia 2
24 7
sa 4
i3a 2

14 3
14.8
127.3
14 3
38.1
3.5
2.4
3.5
5.0
6.3
8.4
13.0
25.8
55.8

12.6
13. 5
92.2
10.2
26.0
3.0
2.1
3.7
5.3
6.7
7.6
12.1
24 2
55. 0

14 6
14 9
123.3
15,2
3ao
40
2.7
44
5.9
7.3
9.0
13.1
25.1
52.1
133.3

13.0
13.6
109.0
11.3
31.2
2.9
2. 0
3.2
45
5.6
7.9
1 2 .6
24 9
545
136.4

12.2
13. 0'
88.1
9.4
24.6
a©
2.1
3.6

12.2
12.6
84.4
9.3
23.9
2.8
2.1
40
5.9
7.2
8.0
11.6
22.5
50.2
131.4

10.7
11.1
77.0
7.5
20.8
2.6
1.9
3 .3
46
5.1
6 .6
10.7
21.0
47.3
123.2

10.8
11.3
73.3
7.0
19,6
2.2
1.7

11.4
11.9
84 2
7.4
2a 1
a4
1,9
a4
44
5.1
7.1
11,6
23.4
53.7

Ma l e s

A ll ages:
A djusted rate----Crude rate..............
U nder 1 year......... .............. .
1 to 4 years-,......................
U nder 6 years...................... .
5 to 9 years.__________
10 to 14 years........................ .
15 to 19 years............. ...........
20 to 24 years........... ........
2 5 |o 34 years........................ .
35 to 44 years______ ______
4 5 to 54 years.........................
55 to 64 years.........................
65 to 74 years........................ .
75 years and Over............... .

16.6
16.6
165.9

14a o

14 7
42.3
3.6
2.4
3.9
5.7
7.0
10.0
15.4
29.0
59.2
145.3

FEM ALES

A ll ages:
Adjusted rate----Crude rate.
U nder 1 year..........................
l t o 4 years............................
U nder 5 years......................
5 to 9 years........... ...........
10 to 14 years........................
15 to 19 years........................
20 to 24 years.......................
25 to 34 years........................
35 to 44 y e a r s......................
45 to 54 years........................
55 to 64 years........................
65 to 74 y ea r s......................
75 years and over...............

16.2
16.5
145.4
19.1
45.7
46
3.1
48
6.7
&2
9.8
14 2
25.8
53.7

. 139.3

141.1

138.4

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.

Digitized for Exclusive of stillbirths.
1 FRASER


13.6
13.8
118. 0
13.4
3 5 .3
3.4
2.3
3.5
5.0
6 .2
8.0
12.2
23.8
52.7
137.5

5 .5
6 .8

7.7
11.6
23.2
51.9
135.4

3 .3
4 4

5.1
6 .8
11.0
21.9
51.0
130.1

63

VITAL STATISTICS
No, 5 2 . — DEATHS:2 C r u d e D e a t h R a t e s

p e r 1 ,0 0 0 E s t i m a t e d P o p u l a t i o n ,
by R a c e , in t h e D e a t h R e g is t r a t io n A r e a

[N o t e ,— T h e Increase in th e re g istra tio n a rea affects so m e w h a t t h e c o m p a ra b ility o f t h e ra tes]

R e g istra tio n a r e a 3

A ll reg istra tio n .cities

Y ear
T o ta l
1910-.......... - .......................................
1911_____
1912......................................................
1913.......................................................
1914_ .................................................
1915___ ______
1916.......................................................
1917......................................................
1918.......................................................
1919......................................................
1920.......................................................
1921.................. ............................. ..
1922................. .....................................

15.0
14. 2
13.9
14. 1
13.6
13. 6
14.0
14.3
18.1
12.9
13. 1
11.6
11.8

W h ite C olored
14.6
13. 8
13.5
13. 7
13.2
13.1
13.6
13.7
17.4
12.4
1 2.6
1 1.2
11.4

24.1
2 3.4
22. 6
21. 7
2 1.7
2 2.0
19.8
2 1.4
2 6.0
18.0
1 8 .0
1 6.0
15.7

T o ta l

W h ite C olored

16.1
15.4
15.1
15.3
14.8
14.6
15. 2
15.5
20.0
13.9
14.2
12.4
12 7

1 E xclusive of stillbirths.

R u r a l p a r t of reg istra ­
tio n a r e a

15.5
14. 8
14.5
14. 7
14.3
14.0
14. 7
14.8
19.3
13.4
13.6
11.9
12 2

T o ta l

26.4
25. 6
24. 7
24.1
23. 9
23. 8
2 3 .0
2 5,6
3 0.4
21. 9
22. 7
1 9.8
20.5

W h ite C olo red

13.4
12 7
12 4 12 7
12 3
12 3
12 9
13.0
16.3
11.9
11.9
10.9
11.0

13.3
12 5
12 3
12.4
12.0
12.0
12.5
12 5
15.6
11.4
11.5
10.6
10.7

17.4
19.0
ia o
1& 2
18.6
19.2
17.4
18.2
23.1
16.0
15.3
13.8
13.2

2 E xclu sive of H aw aii.

No. 53.— DEATHS:1 C r u d e a n d A d j u s t e d R a t e s p e r 1,000 E s t i m a t e d P o p u ­
l a t i o n , b y R e g i s t r a t i o n C i t i e s o f 100,000 o r M o r e I n h a b i t a n t s
[ N o te .— F o r d e fin itio n o f c ru d e an d a d ju ste d ra te s , see T a b le 55]

City

Crude rate

Adjusted rate

City

1921 1922 1920 1921 1922

Crude rate

1921 1922 1920 1921 1922

Akron
7.5 7.5 13,8 9.1 9.2 Nashville______ 16. 2
W hite _________ 1 3 .6
Albany_________ 15. 1 15.7 14.3 13.8 14.3
Colored^., ______ 2 2 .4
Atlanta_________ 14,8 15.7 19. 3 16.7 17.7
White
12. s 1 2 . 0 16. 4 IS. 9 13. 6 New Bedford
11.1
Colored ________ 2 0 .6 2 4 .2 2 5 .7 2 3 .0 2 7 .1 New Haven........... 11.6
Baltimore—
........... 13.8 >14.2 15. 6 14. 0 14.4 New Orleans.____ 16.4
White

Colored...............
Birmingham_____
W hite. <
_______
Colored ________
Boston...... ............
Bridgeport......... .
Buffalo.________
Cambridge_____
Camden________
Chicago
____Cincinnati______
Cleveland
Columbus..............
Dallas............ .......
W hite .................
Colored
Dayton_________
Denver_________
Detroit.................
Fall River.............
Fort Worth
W h i t e ................
C olored _______
Orand Rapids
Hartford...... ........
Houston................
W hite ___ ____

C
olored _____
Indianapolis ___
W ....................
hite
C
olored ..................

Jersey City............
Kansas City, Kans _

W e___________
hU
C
olored ................

Kansas City, Mo„„
Los Angeles...........
Louisville ...........

W .......... ...........
hite
C
olored________

12. 7
2 0 .5

1 3 .0

IS. 9

1 2 .6

12, 9

White

.
2 1 . 3 2 6 .6 2 3 .1 24 1
C o lo re d . .............
14.6 13. 7 19. 2 17.1 16. 0 New York.............
Bronx Borough. _
11. A 1 0 . 4 1 4 .7 IS. 6 1 2 .4
1 9 . 7 1 8 . 8 2 6 .4 2 2 .8 2 1 . 8
Brooklyn Bor­
13.5 14.9 15.5 13.6 15.0
ough........... _
10.5 11. 1 13.9 11.3 11.9 Manhattan Bor­
12 6 13.4 15.3 13. 1 14.0
ough................
12 6 13.2 14. 5 12. 2 12 9 Queens Borough.
13. 7 15. 4 13.4 14. 4 Richmond* Bor­
12 8
11. I 11.2 13. 9 12 1 12 2
ough .............
14. 1 14.9 14.4 13. 5 14.2 Newark, N. J ........
10. 5 10. 3 13. 8 11.7 11. 5 Norfolk...._____
12 8 13,2 14. 6 12 7 13. 0 W h ite , ...............
11.9 12 6 16.4 13.7 14.5
Colored ...............
1 1 . 0 1 1 . 0 14.0 12. 7 1 2 . 7 Oakland.........-___
17 8 2 2 . 8 2 3 .7 1 9 .7 2 5 .3 Omaha.,___ ____
11. 0 11.0 12. 2 11.0 11.1 Paterson________
14. 1 16,0 17 0 13.8 15.7 Philadelphia_____
10. 5 11. 1 15. 2 11.8 12 5 Pittsburgh.,,____
14.2 16. 0 15.1 14.7 16,5 Portland, Oreg......
(2) 9. 9 (2)
(2)
(3) Providence______
f 2) 9.3 (3
(3) Reading..........
(2)
(2) 13,6 (a) (3)
(3) Richmond______
W hite .................
10.9 11.0 12.6 10.4 10.5
13. 2 14. 0 16. 9 13. 7 14. 5 Colored ......... .
14, 5 15.4 Rochester_______
12 7 13. 6 15.7
1 1 3 11 7 1 3 . 9 12. 8 IS. 2 St. Louis..............
17 2 1 9 .7 2 1 6 1 9 . 9 2 2 .8 St. Paul______ _
12. 6 13. 2 14. 8 12. 8 13. 4 Salt Lake City......
12, 2 12. 5 1 3 . 7 1 2 .1 1 2 .5 San Antonio.........
1 6 ,5 18. 1 2 8 .9 1 8 .9 2 0 .6 San FranciscoL_
_
11 9 11 9 15. 4 13. 0 13. 0 Scranton_______
12. 1 13. 1 15. 1 12 7 13.7 Seattle..... .............
1 1 1 11 9
(3)
)
(3) (3 Spokane...............
17 9 20. 5
(3) (*) Springfield, Mass...
(*)
13. 8 14. 6 16. 8 14. 5 15. 2 Syracuse.............—
14. 0 15. 2 13. 1 13, 1 14. 2 Toledo_____„___
14. 0 14. 1 15. 2 14, 0 14. 0 Trenton......... .......
12, 8 12. 3 1 3 .5 12. 6 12. 0 Washington_____

20. 0

23. 5

23. 6

2 1 .3

2 5 .0

W ..........................
hite

C
olored- _______
Lowell_________ 12. 9 13. 4 15. 8 13. 0 13.5
Memphis.......... . 17 4 17 8 21. 6 18.8 19.3 Wilmington, Del—
W
hite- _________ IS. 7 1 4 .1 16. 7 1 4 .6 1 5 .1 Worcester. _____
Colored.................... 23. 5 24.0 30.6 26, 6 27.1 Yonkers.................
Milwaukee.......... 9. 8 9. 9 12. 4 10, 3 1 0.4 Youngstown..........
M in n e a p o lis.

10. 9

10. 8

12. 4

11. 0

10. 9

IS. 7
2 3 .9

16.6 18.8 16.8

17.2

1 4 .7
2 1 .2

1 6 .2
2 4 .8

2 3 .1

1 5 .3
2 1 .8

14.0
24.6

1 5 .2
2 9 .4

.S
2 6 ,7

14.2

12 3 14.9 11.6
13.3 14. 5 11.6
16.7 18 7 17.4

14

11, 2 12 0 14.4 12.4
9.0 9.2 12 4 16 5
10.7 11.6

13.8 11.7

128
13.4
17.8

14.6

2 7 .3

13.3
10.8

12.7 13.5 15.9 141
10.1 10.7 12 7 11.1

127
15.0
11.8

12 6 13.6 15.2 12 7
10.9 11.7 14, 0 11.9
12 9 12 1 17.3 14 7

13.7
128
13.8

4

1 0 .0
1 7 .7

9 .0
1 7 .3

is .
2 3 .6

11. S
2 0 .2

1 2 .8
2 0 .6

11.0
14 0
J84
13.5
15.3
11.6
13.6
mi
15.9

1 2 .3
1 9 .8

1 3 .8
2 6 .2

10.2
14 0
13, 4
12 9
15.0
10.6
13. 1
12 7
16.7

1 2 .7
2 2 .3

1 2 .7
2 3 .2

10.4
13.2
12 7
12 7
14. 1
10.9
13. 3
13. 2
14 6
12 0
12 2
10.7
12.4
15.6
13.5
14.0
9.0
12 6
11.3
12 1
12 0
13.1
13.8

11.3
13.1
12 7
13. 2
14.3
11. 8
13.8
13.5
14.8

11.8
12 5
11.7
12. 4
15. 4
14.1
13, 6
9.6
13.5
11. 4
12 7
11. 7
15.6
14.4

11.5
15. 2
13,5
14.6
17 5
11.8
15.2
14. 0
17. 7

1214
14.6
12 8
14 6
17.8
14 1
16. 2
11.1
14.1
13.1
14 9
14 1
16.4
15.0

11,8
12 7
11. 0
12 7
17.2
13.4
15.2
9.4
12.6
11.4
11.8
12.3
13.7
14 3

1 2 .1
1 8 .9

1 2 .4
2 0 .5

1 2 .4
2 3 .1

2i. 2

9 .3
11.7

1 0,7
11.3

12 5
14 4

1 0,2
1 3.1

1 1 .9

12. 0 12.1 14 8 12 2
12 9 13,0 14 4 1 2 6

Source: Tables 52 and 53, Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.
i FRASER
2Not added to registration area until a later date.
Digitized forExclusive of stillbirths.



Adjusted rate

1 0 .2
1 9 .8

11.7
mo

11.9

12 7
17.0
14 0
14 8
10 1
13.5
11.5
12 4
12.0
16.3
148

12.2
2 2 .9

12 3

127
11.7
12 6

3Not computed.

64

V ITA L STATISTICS

No. 54.—DEATHS:
E

N

u m ber

s t im a t e d

M

in

1922,

id y e a r

P

and

C

rude

o p u l a t io n

,

[ N o t e .— P o r d efin itio n of cru d e ra te s see T a b le 55.

ates

pe r

1922,

to

1,000
by

S

op

T

o tal

tates

S t illb ir th s a re ex clu d ed ]

D eath s p er 1,000 e s tim a te d p o p u la tio n (cru d e ra te s)

N u m b er
of
d eath s,
1922

1913

1914

1915

1916

1917

1918

1919

1920

1921

1,083,952

13.9

13.5

18.3

13.9

14.1

18 0

12.8

13.0

11.6

11.8

13.7
1 2.9
13.3
15.6
12.4

13.6
14.5
13.6
116
13.0

13.2
12.4
11.4
13.1
11.8

14.1
13,5
12.0
13.2
12.2

(2)
0
0
0
12.6
13.4
11.4

0
0
0
0
11.1
11.9
10.2

R e g istra tio n S ta te s

Total i__...................................

R

1913

C a lifo rn ia __________ ________
C o lo rad o .............................. ...............
C o n n e c tic u t.......... ............................
D e la w a re .............. ..............................
F lo r id a (to ta l) _______ ____ —
White.................................... ..
C
olored .............. .....................
G eo rgia ( t o t a l) ,...............................
W .................................................
hite
C .............................. ...............
olored
Id ah o ....................................................
I llin o is ........................ ..........................
I n d ia n a ...............................................
K a n s a s ____ _________________

51,995
13, 216
17,431
3,004
12,504
7, m

14.2
12.1
14.7
0
0
0
0

13.3
11.8
14.8
0
0
0
0

13.3 U 3 .1
12.1 1 1 . 2
14.5 15.8
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

13.3
11.9
15.9
0
0
0
0

17.7
19.3
20.4
0

16,104
14,792

30,896

(2)
0
0
<
2)
(2)
13.2

(2)
0
0
0
0
12.8
10 .1

0
0
0
0
(i)
0
m
0
(2)
0
12 .5 1 13.4
IQ. 5 11.5

0
0
0
0
0
13.8
11.9

0
0
0
0
16.2
16.0
15.1

0
0
0
0
12 .0
12 .7
la s

26,350

13. 1

12.9

12.3

12.7

13.8

17 0

12 .8

6,022

3 ,724
75,771
35,682
18,946

0
0

11.3 11.7 10.5
n s 15.6 112

10.4

9.2
12.2
8 ,1
11.3
11.9
10.6
10.8

14. 0

14.7

13.6

13.6

13.8
13.9
10.7

U 2
U .6
9 .4

1 2.8
11.3
9 .5

12.7

12.3

11.1

10.8

1 1.8
10.7
0

12.5
9 .5
10.0

10.8
82
9 .2

11.2
8 .6
9 .4

21.8
2 0.6
1 9 .0
17. 1

117
13.1
13.9
12,2

15.2
1 3 .0
1 3.8
12.7

13.7
11.7
12.3
11.6

14.6
1^2
1 3.0
11.6

1 4.0
0
1 5 .2
16.3
14.5

16. 8
1 2 .8
2 2.1
2 0 .9
19.5

1 2 .7
11.4
13.4
112
13,8

12.8
11.7
13.8
113
110

11.3
1 0.4
12.4
12.6
1 1.9

11.3
11.5
12.3
13.1
1 2.6

13.4

16.1

12.2

12.1

10.7

10.8

22,13$ 12.0 11.8 11 1 11.7 12.6 15.8 11.8
4,% 22A 22.7 22.2 21.5 24.0 27.7 21.2
17
20,731
1 8.2 12 .9
0
0
( 2)
( 2)
0
14.9 10.6
10,696 ( 2) 0
0
0
0
23.3 16. 4
10,035 ( 2) 0
0
0
0
11,424

15.4

15.8

15.9

16.0

15.4

19.1

116

M a r y la n d ( t o t a l) ............ *.............
W ......................... ................... ..
hite.
C
olored_____ _________ . . . . .
M a s s a c h u s e tts _______ _______
M ic h ig a n .............................................
M in n e so ta ..........................................

20,266

16.0

15.6

15.5

16.1

16,7

23.6

51,043
43,787
23,526

15.1
13,2
10.5

14.8
12.5
10.6

14.6
12:4
10.2

15.3
13.7

10.7

1 5,2
13.7
1& 4

7,102
11,984

19,386

38,602
5,083
12,408

( 2)
0
0
12.5
11.6
(2)

0
0
0
12.4
10. 7
0

0
0
0
12.2
1 0.8
0

0
0
0
13.1
11.9
0

N o w H a m p s h ir e ............................
N e w J e r s e y ....... .................................
N e w Y o rk ....... .............*...................
N o rth C a ro lin a * ( t o t a l) .............
W ................................. ..........
hite..
C
olored..............................................

6,533
40,382
139,038
30,821

17.2
14.4
15.3
16.6

16.4
14.2
15.1
1 9.0

1 6.2
13.9
1 5.0
1 7.3

O hio__. . . . __________________
O regon.......................................... . . .
P e n n s y lv a n ia ..................................
R h o d e I s la n d ....................................
S o u th C a ro lin a ( t o t a l) ................
W ....... ............................ ............
hite
C
olored...........................................

68,075
9,363
110,684
8,143
20,758

13.4
(2)
14.7
15.4

12.5
0
14.1
15.3
0

12.5
0
14.0
15.5
0
0
0

M is s is s ip p i ( t o t a l) ___________
W ____________ ______
hite
C
olored________ _____ _____
M is s o u ri____________________
M o n ta n a ________ ______ ____
N e b ra sk a ........................................ ..

10.9
16.0

10.5

K e n tu c k y ( t o ta l)...........................
i P A i f e - , . . . . . . . - ........................
C
olored________ ______ ____
L o u is ia n a ( t o t a l) ___ ________
W
hite. ____ ______________
C
olored_______ _______ ____
M a in e . ^........................... .................

11.8

1922

11.0
19.4
11.9
9.8
15.3

9.8 10.0
17.9 18.4
11.0
11.3
9.2 9.4
13.9 14-4

15.3

117

2 0 .9
1 5.4
13.4

13.6
12.6
10.5

0
0
0
13.6
13.1
0

0
0
0
1 5 .9
17.3
0

9.6 9.2 8.6 8.7
16.4 ISA 13.6 12.8

16,3
15.1
1 5.3
1 2.9

17.0
1 4 .6
15. 3
1 3 .8

13.8
(2)
14.9
1 6.3
13.9

15.4

15,463 112 HO IS. 8 14.4 14.7 21.7 13.8 1S.S 12. S 12.4
4,813 24*8 23.3 23.3 24.6 25.9 33.0 22.3 21.2 19.6 19.4

19,065 13.5 15.1 is.e 11.2 12.0 14.6 10.6 11.2 9.9 10.3
11,756 22A 25.7 24. S 16.8 17.8 23. a 15.9 16.0 H4 14*8

8,324
12,434

(3 )

10.7 11.5 15.6 10.6 11.4 9.8 9.7
16.7 17.2 23.2 16.7 16.6 HO n s

T en n essee ( t o t a l)............................
W ...............................................
hite.
C
olored...........................................
U t a h ......................................... .......... ..
V e r m o n t . . .. ....................................
V ir g in ia ( to t a l) ................................
W .................................................
hite
C ...........................................
olored

4,887
5,167
28,688

(2)
0
(2)
?*)
V
2)
11.2
16.0
13.8

17,274 11.6 U.4 11.4 12.0 11.6 16.9 it. 5 11.3 10.4 10.3
11,414 18.7 19.4 19.7 20.1 19.8 24.9 18.8 17.6 16.3 16.4

W a s h in g to n . ....................................
W isco n sm ...........................................
W y o m in g .......................................

14,249
27,420
1,930

9 .4
11.4
(2)

25,734

18,414
7,320

&
0

(3)

0
0
0
10.3
15.3
13.9

0
(*)
ia i
1 5 .0
1 4.0

0
0
0
1 0.7
16.1
14.5

11.7 14.0 m s 10.7 9.A . 9.5
20.6 24.6 18.4 18A 16.0 16. 4
1 0.8
15.5
14.1

1 4.2
19,4
19.3

11.0
114
13.7

11.5
15.7
13.1

10.4
1 4.2
1 2.2

10.4
14.7
12.1

9 .3
U 0
0

9 .5
10.7
0

9 .2
11.7
0

9 .4
11.4
0

13.3
13.6
0

10.7
1 0,7
0

11.1
11.2
0

9 .6
10.3
0

10.1
10.1
9 .3

Sou rce: B u re a u of th e C en su s, D e p a rtm e n t of C om m erce.
1 In c lu d e s D is tric t of C o lu m b ia .
2 N o t a d d e d to r e g is tra tio n a re a u n t il a la t e r d a te .
8 F ro m 1913 to 1915 in c lu d e s o n ly m u n ic ip a litie s h a v in g a p o p u la tio n of 1,000 or m ore.




VITAL

65

STATISTICS,

No. 5 5 . — DEATH S:1 A d ju sted R a t e s

1 ,0 0 0 P o p u l a t io n ,

pee

by

States

‘P
?
[N o t e —T h e ra te s lo r 1910 a n d 1920 a re b ased on th e a c tu a l n u m b e r « n tu n & a te d (a s of A p r il 15,1910, an d
J a n u a r y 1,1 9 20 ) ^ rh ile th o se for 1921 a n d 1922 a re b a se d on t h e e stim a te d M id y e a r p o p u la tio n . A d ju s te d
r a te s m a k e allo w a n ce s fo r t h e sex a n d a g e d is trib u tio n of th e p o p u la tio n , w h ile cru d e r a te s d o n o t, b e in g
o b ta in ed s im p ly : b y d iv id in g th e n u m b e r o f d e a th s b y th e to ta l p o p u la tio n . T h e fo rm er a re m o re
sig n ifican t]

A d ju s te d r a te p er 1,000
p o p u la tio n
E n u m er­
a te d

S ta te

C
olored

12.8
14.5
15.2
(2)
0
(2)
(i)
0
12.9
0
0
(*)
0
(2)
0
0
14.3
1 6.2

1922

12.6
14.6
1 3 .0
1 3.8
13. 5

1 2 .0
12.3
10. 8
12. 4
12. 1

12.8
13.5
11. 4
12. 4
12. 6

1 2.6
12.1
10. 5
1 1.8

11.
10,
9.
10.

11. 2
10.8
9. 7
10. 7

11.5 10.8 10.6
17.6 16.1 17.0
0
7
3
5

10.9
19.4
13.4
11.0
17.1

9. 7
18.0
12. 3
10. 8
16.5

13. 0
1 3.4
1 0.6
13. 4

11.
11.
9.
12.

9.9
I8.4
12. 6
10.6
16.0
11. 9
12,4 11. 3
13.4
14.5 13. 3
18.8 11.8 11.9
U-4
84.8 88.7 81.0 80.7
1 5 .9
1 3 .4
11. 2
(»)

M
(2)

4
1
2
1

E n u m e r­
a te d

S ta te

E stim a te d

1910 1 92 0 1921
C a lifo rn ia ______________
C o lo rad o _______________
C o n n e c tic u t____________
D ela w a re______________
F lo rid a _________________
W ________________
hite
C
olored______ ________
I llin o is ________ ________
I n d ia n a ________________
K a n s a s ________________
K e n tu c k y ______________
W _______ ________
hite
C
olored_______________
L o u is ia n a ______________
W ________________
hite
C
olored_______________
M a in e ____ _____________
M a r y la n d ______________
W ________________
hite
C
olored_______________
M a ssa c h u se tts__________
M ic h ig a n ______________
M in n e so ta _____________
M is s is s ip p i_____________
W ......................................
hite

A d ju s te d r a te p er 1,000
p o p u la tio n

12. 0
10. 7
9 .3
11, 8

9.8 9.0 9.1
16.8 16.0 14.8

E s tim a te d

191 0 1920 1921 1 92 9
M isso u ri_____________ _
M o n ta n a ______________
N e b ra sk a ______________
N ew H a m p sh ire ______ _
N ew J e r s e y ___ _________
N e w Y o rk ....... .......................
N o rth C a ro lin a ____ ____

W
hite
C
olored..

Dhirt
_
Oregon
P e n n s y lv a n ia ._________
R h o d e I sla n d
S o u th C a r o lin a _________
W ......................................
hite
C
olored__________ ____
T e n n e s s e e ............................
W ................ ...................
hite.
C
olored_____
._
U ta h
.. . ...I.. ......
V erm o n t
V ir g in ia .................................
Wite. __________
h

C
olored

W a sh in g to n ............................
W isco n sin ______________

0
11.9
0
14.7
16.1
1 6.4
0
0
0
13.1
0
15.8
17.5
0
0
0
v)
0
0
11.6
12.7
0
0
0
10.9
11.6

11. 9
10. 3
9. 7
12. 2
13. 2
13. 6
13. 5
11. 7
17. 7
12. 0
11. 0
13. 7
13. 9
15. 7

10.3
8 .7
8 .9
10.9
11 8
12.1
11.9
m s

10,6

10.6
9 .6
12.2
12.2
13.2

10.5
10.7
12.1
12.6
13.3

12. 1
12. 3
13. 7
11. 4

10.9
11.1
12.6

10.9
11.5
12.5

18. 4
18. 9
12. 5
10.9
19. 8

10.7
9 .2
9 .1
11.7
12.3
12.7
12.3

15-9 I6.4

10.5 10.5
16.0 16.8
11 0 11.2
9.6 9.7
17.0 17.4

10.5 10.4
19. 0 17 6 17.7
11. 1
9. 5
10.0
10. 6 9 .7
9 .5

So u rce: B u re su of t h e C e n su s, D e p a rtm e n t o f C o m m erce,
i E x c lu siv e o f s t illb ir t h s . 1 N o t a d m itte d u n t il a la t e r d a te .

No. 56.— DEATHS:1 N u m b e r
E

s t im a t e d

P

and

A

o p u l a t io n

R

nnual

,

by

W

ath

eek s

1,000 o p
62 C i t i e s

pe r
fo r

the

T

o tal

[N o t e .— C o v ers o n ly citie s w h ic h h a v e rep o rte d d u rin g e v e r y w e e k .

T h e l i s t in c lu d e s a ll n a m e d i n
T a b le 63, e x cep t F o rt W o rth , H artfo rd , R e a d in g , S a n A n to n io , a n d S cra n to n ]

D e a th s rep o rte d
W ee k
1921

A n n u a l r a te p e r
1,000 e stim a te d
p o p u la tio n
1921

1922

1923

T o tal. . 327,649 347,798 866,315 12.0

12.6

13.0

13.4
1 3.6
14.1
1 3 .6
1 5.3
1 5.6
16.1
1 7.3
1 7 .0
1 6.6
1 5.9
15.1
1 4 .0
1 4 .2
1 3.8
12 0
1 3 .3
1 3.3
12 8
12 3
12 0
1 1 .5
1 1.4
11.4
10.2

14. 7
1 5.0
1 4.9
1 5.2
16. 2
17. 2
1 7 .7
1 8.4
1 8 .8
1 7.3
15.9
15.1
1 4.6
1 5 .0
1 4.5
1 4.0
1 4.3
1 3.4
1 2.8
13.1
1 2.4
1 2.3
1 3 .0
1 1.3
12 0

D e a th s rep o rted
W eek

1st______
2 d ______
3 d .............
4 th _____
6 th _____
6 th ............
7 th ............
8 th
9 th ...........
1 0 th ..........
1 1th ..........
1 2 th ..........
1 3 th ____
1 4 th ..........
1 5 th ____
16th
17th
18th ..........
1 9 th ..........
20th ____
21st......... ..
2 2d ......... ..
2 3d _____
2 4 th ____
25th ____

7,146
7,009
7,1 5 0
7, 267
7 ,2 1 8
7,197
7,2 4 1
7, 402
7, 433
7 ,3 4 5
7 ,1 9 0
6 ,9 3 6
6, 755
7,131
6, 678
6, 799
6, 529
6, 266
6 ,2 2 2
6, 303
6, 499
5, 876
5, 617
6,8 1 6
6,912

1922

1923

7 ,133 7, 952
7 ,2 4 0 8 ,1 5 0
7 ,5 1 2 8, 072
7 ,2 6 0 8, 239
8 ,1 6 1 8 ,8 0 0
8 ,3 0 3 9, 307
8 ,5 8 7 9, 575
9, 215 9, 956
9 ,0 6 6 10,208
8 ,8 3 6 9 ,3 8 7
8 ,4 6 8 8 ,6 4 3
8 ,0 5 3 8 ,1 7 3
7 ,4 7 7 7 ,8 9 4
7 ,5 7 9 8 ,1 4 7
7 ,3 3 3 7 ,8 5 1
6 ,8 7 7 7 ,6 0 0
7 ,0 7 4 7 ,7 6 3
7 ,0 9 7 7 ,2 8 9
6 ,8 3 3 6 ,9 3 7
6 ,5 3 4 7,1X0
6 ,3 6 3 6 ,7 0 7
6 ,1 0 0 6 ,6 6 6
6 ,0 6 9 7 ,0 2 2
6 ,0 6 4 6 ,1 2 0
5,421 6, 530

1 3.6
13.4
1 3.7
1 3.9
1 3.8
1 3.7
1 3.8
14.1
1 4 .2
14. 0
13.7
1 3 .2
1 2.9
1 3.6
1 2.8
1 3.0
1 2.5
1 2 .0
1 1.9
1 2 .0
1 2 .4
1 1 .2
1 0.7
11.1
11.3

A n n ual r a te per
1,000 e s tim a te d
p o p u la tio n

1921
2 6 th ____
2 7 t h _ .„ J
2 8 th ____
2 9 th ..........
3 0 th ..........
31st...........
3 2 d ............
33d ............
3 4 th ..........
3 5 th ..........
3 6 th ..........
3 7 th ..........
3 8 th ..........
3 9 th ..........
4 0 th ..........
4 1st............
4 2 d _____
4 3 d ............
4 4 th ..........
4 5 th ..........
4 6 th ____
4 7 th ..........
4 8 th ____
4 9 th ____
6 0 th ..........
51st......... ..
5 2 d ............

1922

192$

1921

1922 1928

5,727
5 ,950
6 ,6 9 9
5 ,3 4 0
6 ,913
5 ,477
6 ,6 0 5
6 ,6 3 8
5 ,624
5 ,807
5 ,647
5 ,2 0 7
6 ,4 1 2
6 ,563
5 ,5 6 0
5 ,813
6 ,0 8 3
6 ,0 5 7
6 ,0 9 3
6,971
6 ,3 7 8
6 ,0 3 1
6, 205
6 ,1 9 7
6 ,3 8 2
6 ,5 8 7
6 ,846

5,746
6 ,6 6 2
6 ,7 2 8
5 ,435
5, 441
5 ,499
6 ,3 9 8
6 ,697
6 ,614
6 ,387
6 ,5 4 5
6 ,4 2 8
5 ,396
6 ,712
5 ,935
5 ,783
6 ,078
6 ,278
6 ,479
6 ,4 8 2
6 ,451
6 ,4 9 3
6 ,5 4 0
6 ,8 3 7
7 ,1 2 7
7 ,479
7,493

6,458
5,619
5,896
5,626
6,952
5 ,622
5,646
5,926
5,783
6 ,784
5 ,754
5 ,576
6 ,1 3 5
6,971
5,815
5,877
6,4 6 8
6,3 2 8
6 ,4 3 6
6 ,7 0 0
6 ,7 1 7
6 ,6 0 7
6 ,5 0 5
6, 745
6, 691
6, 781
6 ,799

10.9
1 1.4
1 0.9
1 0 .2
1 1.3
1 0 .5
1 0.7
10.6
10.7
11.1
1 0.8
9 .9
1 0.3
1 0.6
1 0 .6
11.1
1 1.6
1 1.6
1 1.6
1 1 .4
1 2 .2
1 1 ,5
1 1.9
1 1.8
12 2
1 2.6
1 3 .1

10.8
1 0.6
1 0.8
1 0.2
1 0.2
10.3
10.1
1 0.7
1 0.5
1 0.1
1 0.4
1 0.2
10.1
10.7
11.1
10.9
11.4
11.8
12 2
12 2
121
12 2
12 3
12 8
1 3.4
1 4.0
14.1

DigitizedSource: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce, Weekly Health Index,
for FRASER
i Exclusive of stillbirths.


11.9
10.4
io .9
10.4
1 1.0
10.4
1 0.4
X0.9
1 0 .7
10.7
10.6
10.3
11.3
11.0
10.7
10.8
11.9
11.7
11.9
124
124
12 2
12 0
12 4
12 3
12 5
12 5

a>
No. 5 7 . — DEATHS: N umber and R ate , bt I mportant C auses , in the E ntire D eath R egistration A rea , and in the Original

D eath R egistration S tates

D e ta ile d I n te r­
n a tio n a l L is t
N o ., 1920

[Note.—T h e in crease in th e re g istra tio n a rea affects so m ew h at th e c o m p a ra b ility of th e ra te s for th e a re a a s a w hole]
D ea th reg istra tio n S ta te s (10) of 19008

E n tire d eath -registratio n area (ex clu siv e of H a w a ii) 1
C a u se o f d e a th

N u m b er of
d e a th s
1921

1922

1900

AH c a u s e s 8.................................... 1,032,009 1,101,863 1,755.0
T y p h o id a n d p a r a ty p h o id f e v e r ..
M e a s le s ............................ - ..........................
S c a rle t fev er................................................
W ho o p in g c o u g h .....................................
D ip h t h e r ia ................................................
In flu en za a n d p n eu m o n ia ..................
T u b ercu lo sis ( a ll fo rm s)......................
C an c er a n d o th er m a lig n a n t
tu m o rs .......... ............................................
D ia b e te s m e llitu s ....................................
57
74,83,92 C e re b ra l h em o rrh age a n d so ften­
in g em b o lism a n d th ro m b o sis
(h o t c e re b ra l)— ..................................
88,90 A c u te e n d o c a rd itis a n d m y o c a r­
d itis a n d o th er (o rgan ic) d iseases
of t h e h e a r t ....................................... —
100,99a c B ro n ch o -p n eu m o n ia a n d a c u te
b ro n ch itis (in c lu d in g u n sp eci­
fied u n d e r 6 y e a r s )..... ........................
113 D ia rrh e a a n d e n te r itis (u n d e r 2
y e a r s ) ................. ................. ................. .
128*129 A cu te a n d ch ro n ic n e p h r it is ---------

1915

1919

1920

1921

1922

1,496.2 1,355.0 1,287.4 1,306.0 1,163.9 1,181. 7

1900

1910

1916

1919

1920

1921

1922

1,719.5 1,562.4 1,428.8 1,348.7 1,379.0 1,215.1 1,258.8

8 ,007
3, 790
4 ,718
8 ,0 7 0
15,683
63,567
88,135

6,981
4,042
3, 256
5,220
13, 659
82,311
90,452

35.9
12.5
10.2
12.1
43. 3
181.5
201.9

23.5
12.3
11.6
11.4
21.4
115.1
160.3

12.4
5.4
&6
&1
15.7
99.2
146.4

9 .2
3 .9
2 .8
5.5
14.7
174.5
1 2 5 .7 '

7 .8
8 .8
4 .6
12.5
15.3
153.7
114.2

9 .0
4.3
6 .3
9.1
17.7
60.4
99.4

7 .5
4 .3
3 .5
6 .6
14.6
88.3
97.0

31.3
13.4
9 .6
12.2
40.4
179.4
195.2

18.0
12.6
12.2
10.7
22.5
121.8
164.7

9 .2
6.6
4 .0
8 .9
15.8
107.2
146.7

4 .8
3 .7
3 .0
4 .9
17.7
165.0
124.9

5 .0
10.4
5 .2
11.9
17.4
144.6
112.0

5 .3
4 .3
6 .4
8 .3
17.9
59.6
93.1

3 ,0
8 .9
4.1
5.8
14.8
85.9
92.3

76,274
14,933

80,938
17,182

63.0
9 .7

76.2
14.9

81.4
17.5

80.5
14.9

83.4
16.1

86.0
16.8

86.8
18.4

64.0
11.0

83.0
17.6

92.0
21.5

95.8
19.2

98.9
20.4

102.6
20.8

105.0
23.5

75,438

81,751

75.6

79.4

85.2

82.2

86.4

85.1

87.7

80.7

92.3

98.3

99.4

102.2

99.4

103.7

130,351 144,305

123*1

150.4

156.8

138.0

149.7

147.0

154.7

128.1

17L 7

183.5

172.4

186.2

181.4

197.0

39,071

46,726

48.3

60.5

59.6

55.3

62.4

44.1

50. 2

49.1

68.3

67.5

65.8

75.6

49l 7

ea 8

37,192
75,696

30,308
S2, 518

108.8
89.0

100.8
99.1

59.8
105.1

44.2
88.1

44.0
89.4

41.9
85.4

32.5
88.5

115.9
88. 7

103.1
107.3

64.7
113.1

43.8
96.3

46.5
97.6

39.8
90.0

3a 9
95,3

S o u rce: B u re a u of th e C en su s, D e p a rtm e n t of C om m erce.
i In d u d e s r e g istra tio n c itie s in n o n reg istratio n S ta te s .
* D oes n o t in c lu d e re g is tra tio n c itie s i n n o n reg istratio n S ta te s.
1 E x clu siv e o f s tillb irth s .




1910

VITAL STATISTICS

1
7
8
9
10
11,101
31-37
43-49

D ea th r a te p er 100,000 p o p u latio n

D eath r a te p e r 100,000 p o p u latio n

67

VITAL STATISTICS

No. 68.—BIRTHS, DEATHS, AND DEATHS UNDER 1YRAR OF AC®: B t S e x ,
fo r E i m
in 1917

s s B irth R egistration A r e a and fo r the A r e a a s it E x ist e d
1915

1917

Subject

1918

1919

1922

1921

1920

Entire birth registration area

Population.-............... —_ 30,836,179 54,771,416 55,515,241 01,483,423 63,659,441 70,425,705 78,885,852
776,304 1,353,792 1,363,649 1,373,438 1,508, 874 1,714,261 1,774,911
Births 2 (total)..................
22.5
24,7
24.3
Per 1,000 population.
25,1
24,6
22.3
23.7
Males-------*..... ...........
398,615
696,101
701,164
775,322
705,593
881,591
911,831
377,689
657,691
Females-.......................
662,485
667,845
733, 552
832,670
863,080
1,055
1,059
1,058
1,058
1,057
1,067
Males per 1,000 females.
1,066
436,593
776,222
798,104
825,311
938,545
996, 627
Deaths2 (total).................
836,134
Per 1,000 population. 14,1
14.2
11.9
18.3
13.0
13.1
11.7
Males......... ..................
234,871
423,359
422,252
434,019
497,967
534,720
438,201
Females............. - .........
201, 722
397,933
391,492
44Q,578
352,863
461,907
375,852
1,164
1,200
1,101
1,109
Males per 1,000 females1,158
1,123
1,130
Excess of births over
339,711
deaths______________
577,570
367,022
575,334
672,740
888,750
836,366
Deaths2 under 1 year of
135,228
77,572
126,950
119,000
129,531
age (total)................. .
137,647
129,588
100
94
Per 1,000 births_____
iai
87
86
76
76
43,818
72,192
73,582
Males...........................
77,736
67,580
73,737
77,105
104
96
96
84
85
Per 1,000male births..
110
111
33,754
59,911
51,420
Females..................
54,758
55,794
56,006
68,123
89
83
Per 1,000female births
90
77
76
67
67
Male deaths per 1,000
1,298
1,318
1,298
1,314
1,322
1,314
female deaths.............
1,327
Area 3 having birth registration in 1917
Population
Births2 (total) .................
Per 1,000 population
Males____ _____ _____
Females_____________
Males per 1,000 females,
Deaths2 (total).................
Per 1,000 population.___
Males.
Females.......... ......... .
Males per 1,000 females .
Excess of births oyer
deaths..........................
Deaths2 under I year of
age (total)..
Per 1,000 births_____
Males______________
Per 1,000male births.
Females_____________
Per 1,000female births
Male deaths per 1,000
female deaths............

54,182,931 54,920,391 56,657,857 56^395,321 57,132,785 67,870,247
1,338,506 1,348,150 1*258»746 1,348,045 1,309,852 1,32L977
24. 6
24. 7
24.5
23.9
22.6
22.8
693,263 - 646,350
693,085
719,864
078,608
688,248
654,887
612,396
650,258
654,960
679,988
643,369
1,059
1,058
1,065
1,058
1,059
1,056
766,712
984,220
720,096
742,949
690,322
668,832
14. 2
17.9
12L 9
13.2
11.9
11.7
418,323
386,751
628,247
378,386
349,749
368,068
348,389
455,973
341,710
356,198
319,083
327,254
1,201
1,169
1,107
1,086
1,096
1,109
571,794

363,930

538,650

606,096

731,020

631,655

125,306
94
71,251
104
54,055
83

136,700
101
76,630
111
69,064
90

109,119
87
62,011
96
47,108
77

116,092
86
66,159
95
49,933
76

106,460
76
00,467
84
45,993
68

101,189
77
67,862
85
43,327
87

1,318

1,298

1,316

1,325

1,315

1,335

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. ..
2 Exclusive of stillbirths.
2 Exclusive of Rhode Island.

No. 69.—BIRTHS: R elation

to N u m ber of M arr ie d W omen 16 to 44 Y e a r s
of A ge , b y R ace and N a t iv it y of M other , in the E ntire B irth R e g ist r a ­
tion A re a 1
[N o t e —The number of States included is greater each year than the year before; this only slightly affects

the ratios in the last three columns. See Table 48]

Class of mother

Number of married women
15 to 44 years of age
1920

Total3--

1921

1922

Number of births to married
women 15 to 44 years of age
1920

1921

1922

7,785,079 8,286,891 10,003,448 1,291,758 1,405,799 1,545,352

White (total)3. ........ 7,179,359 7,520,371 9,160,087 1,200,368 1,287,379 1,426,858
Native white------ 5,604,204 5,888, 436 7,072,285 920,947 997,823 1,095,385
Foreign born white 1,575,155 1,631,935 2,087,802 279,421 289,556 331, 473
87,955 114,569 114,296
592, 077 752, 331 826,610
Negro.......................
13,643
14,189
3,435
3,851
16, 751
4,198
Other colored..........
Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.

Digitized for 2 Exclusive of California, Maine, and Massachusetts; also New Jersey in 1821.
FRASER of country not stated.
2 Exclusive


Births per 1,000
married women 15
to 44 years of age
1920

1921

165.9

109.6 184.8

1922

167.2 171.2 155.8
164.3 169.5 154.9
177.4 177.4 158.8
148.6 152.3 138.3
251.8 271.4 25R 6

68

VITAL STATISTICS

No. 60.—NUMBER OF BIRTHS AND DEATHS, AND EXCR8S OF BIRTHS OVER
DEATHS, IN THE BIRTH REGISTRATION AREA AND EACH REGISTRATION
STATE: 1920, 1921, a n d 1922
[N o te .—T he to ta ls in c lu d e m ore S ta te s each y e a r th a n th e y e a r p reced in g]

Number of births 1

Number of deaths1

Excess of births over
deaths

Area
1920

1921

1922

1920

1921

1922

1920

1921

1922

Total birth registration
area______ ________ 1, 508,874 1,714,261 1,774,911 836,134 825,511 938,545 672,740 888*750 836,366
W hite........... .. . . . . . . .1,395,523 1,565,446 1,629,387 769,014 740,776 847,294 636,509 824,670 782,093
...
Colored.^..................... . 113,351 148,815 145,524 77,120 84,735 91,251 36, 231 64*080 54,273
Cities in birth registration
area....... . . . . . ..........
.
White . . . . ...................
..
Colored................. . . . . .
Rhral'part ofbirth registrationjarea................
White....... .............. .
Colored. . . ................. .
.
California. _ _ ................ .
_
Connecticut.....................
Delaware..... . . ...............
District of Columbia____
Tllinnis

763,209
725,136
38,073

852,519 897,659 448,657 434,007 503,912 314,552 418,512 393,747
806,963 849,888 413,686 399,222 463, 781 311,450 407,741 386,107
131 3,102 10*771 7,640
45,556 47,771 34,971 34,785

745,665 861,742
670,387 758,483
75,278 103,259
67,199
3^096
8,823

72,325
34,071
5,063
8,987

Indiana.... . . . ...................
64,809
Kansas. . . ............... . . . . . . . 39,632
Kentucky............... . . . . . . . 62,888
Maine....... . ......................
17,328
M aryland.......................
36,212

68,246
41,535
67,341
17,712
36,971

Massachusetts.................
Michigan____________ _
Minnesota._ *________
_
M ississippi--..--.................
Montana___ ..................

877,252 387,477 391,504 434, 633 358,188 470,238 442,619
779,499 345,328 341,554 383,513 325,059 416,929 395,986
97.753 42,149 49,950 51,120 33,129 63,309 46*633
73,277 47,196 47,377
31, 214 18,916 16,167
4,711
2,970
9,072 e !m
6,055
134,050 (h
0
64,088 39,430 35,220
38,741 20,267 18* 106
62,141 28,564 25,669
17,539 11,872 10,815
34,611 21,362 19,980

92,225
96,322
57,526
4^159

( a5

91,692
92,740
55,909

87,738 53,498 47,787
90,209 51,549 44,132
57, 022 25.722 22,806
19,950
43,528 0)
10,873 0
0
32,201 31,032 12,976 12,017
10,129
9,762 6,764 6,102
37,928
78,230 74, 558 f t
239, 875 231,384 144,658 130,394
88,466 81, 871 32,654 29,454

Nebraska,.,____________
New Hampshire...............
New Jersey......................
New York........................
North Carolina...............

0
30,911
9,946
ri
235,243
81,407

Ohio,___ i . __________
Oregon..............................
Pennsylvania...................
. Rhode Island...................
South Carolina.._______

123,729 129,375
14,942 15,468
220,462 229,452
14,499
<
a5
47,777 50,464

Utah.................................
Vermont................... .........
Virginia....... ................. .
Washington.....................
Wisconsin..........................
Wyoming......... .................

14,157
7,409
65,794
27,072
58,697
0

14,591
7,930
70,162
27,267
61.669
(a5

24,948 21,282
17*004 13,783
2*093 1,707
^932
2,767
68,279

35, 682 25,379 33*026 28,406
18,946 19,365 23,429 19,795
26,350 34,324 41*0?2 35,791
11,424 5,456 6,897 6,115
20,266 14*850 16*991 14,245
51,043 38,194
43,787 41,191
23, 526
19,386 3( 87
v
5,083 0
12,408 17,935
6,533 3.182
-4(V382 <
*)
139,038 90,685
30,821 48,753

44,438
52,190
34*720
26*209
0
20,184
4*027
40,302
109,481
59,012

36,695
46*422
33,496
24,142
5,790
18,624
3,229
34*176
92,346
31,050

122,735 74*341 67,104 68,075 49,388 62*271 54,660
14,969 9,246 8,304 9,363 5*696 7,164 5*606
214,348 12^902 109,019 110,684 99.560 119,533 103,664
14,302
7,756 8,143
6*743
30,087 25,688
46,446 23,767 20,377 20,758 i m
13,875 5,198 . 4,783 4,887 8*959 9,808 8,988
7,520 5,536 4*699 5,167 .1,873 2,931 2,353
64,783 30,514 28,534 28,688 35,280 41,628 36,095
25,378 15,164 13,254 14,249 11,908 14,013 11,129
58,046 29,676 27, 552 27,420 29,022
30,626
5,188 0
1,980 ft
0
W 17 3,258

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce*
1 Exclusive of stillbirths.
8 Not added to the birth registration area until a later date,
8 Not in the birth registration area in 1920.




51,995 20,003
a
17, 431
3,004 T °
6,305 2^360
75,771

69

VITAL STATISTICS

No. 6 1 .— BIRTH AND DEATH BATES PER liM D f D P lS M t O N IN THE
BIRTH REGISTRATION AREA AND EACH R E G I S l ^ T t l ^ ^ T A t t ; I&17 to
1922

' *

~

'

[N ote .—T h e ch an ges in S ta te s covered affect so m e w h a t th e c o m p a ra b ility o f th e ra te s for th e a re a a s
a w h ole]

Births per 1,000 population l

Deaths per 1,000 population2

Area
1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922
Total birth registration area 24.7 24.6 22.3 23.7 24.-3 22 5 14.2 18.3
White............ ................ 24.7 24.6 22.1 23. 5 24.0 22.2 13.8 17.8
Colored, .......................... 24.4 24.5 25.2 27.0 27.9 26.0 2 1 3 26,8
Cities in birth registration
area____ _____ _____
White........ ............... ...
Colored___ *_____ ____
Rural part of birth registra­
tion area___ ________
White..............................
Colored..,......................

25.4
25.7
19.7

25.1 22.7
25.4 22.8
19.8 21.9

24.0 24.0 22.0
23.8 23.8 21.5
27.7 28.0 27.1

California.. ........................ (8
)
Connecticut............. ...... .... 28.6
Delaware........: ............ ......
District o f Columbia___ _ &
Illinois................................ (2
)
Indiana_____ _____ ____ 22.0
Kansas___ _______
22 . 1
Kentucky.. ............. ........ . 25.9
Maine_________________ 21.9
Maryland........................... 24,1

<>
*
27.6
(2)
19.4
(2
)

16.8
24.8
(2)
18.9
(2)

22.2
22. 3
26.0
22.0
23.9

20.3
20.6
24.0
20.2
23.6

23.8
23.8
24.0

24.0 222 15.3 19.9
23,9 22.1 14.9 19.4
2&4 23. 7 24* 4 29.6

23.6 24.7 22.8 13.1
23.1 24. 21 22.4 12.7
28.9 29,2 27.3 19.1

Ohio............. ...................... 22. 0 22. 2
Oregon............... .............
( 2)
( a)
Pennsylvania____________ 26.3 25.7
Rhode Island..................... 26.0 26.1
South Carolina.................. ( 0
( 2)
Utah...................................
Vermont.............................
Virginia..............................
Washington.....................
W isconsin................................

Wyoming............. .............

31 7
21.4
27.1
18.0
23.1
(2)

(3)

19.8
( 3)

21.9
29.1

(4)

33.1 29.3
21.3 19.9
27.8 26.5
19.4 18.7
23.5 20.9
<>
2

23.7 24.5
22.4 22.8
211
( a>
22.6 22. 7
31.6 33.8

19.8 21.3
17.4 18.9
24.0 25.1
26.6

(2)

<4)

28.2

21.9
19.3
25.8
23.6
29.5

23.5
319
22.5
216
30.9

11.9
11.6
16.3

13.8
13.4
21.1

14.0
13.5
22.1

12 2
11.8
19.4

12.4
12 1
19.9

1 2 .2

12.2
11,9
16.2

11.2
10.9
14.1

11.3
11.0
14.3

13. 6 13.2
13.6 11.4
14.6 13.1
14.6 13.8
12,6 11.1

14.1
12 0
13.2
14.4
11.3

13.4
11.4
11.8
15.4
14.7

11.9
10.2
10.5
14.0
13.6

ito
10.6
ms
117
me

13.8
13.9
10.7
12.3
9.5

12 2
11.6
9.4
11* 1
8.2

128
11.3
9.5
10.8
8.6
9.4
14.6
12 2

11.8
17.0

15,2
13.7
10.4

20.9
15.4
124

13.1

17.3

C8)

0)

0)

13.6
12.6
10.5
12. 7
10.7

218
236
19.0
17.1

14.7
13.1
13.9
12.2

10.0 9.2
15.2 13.7
13.0 11*7
13.8 12 3
12 7 1L3

m 4 14.0 16.8
18.4 ( * )
126
23.8 15.2 22.1
23.1 16,3 20.9
26.9 14.5 10.5

12.7
11,4
13.4
14.2
13.8

128
11.7
13.8
14.3
14.0

11.3
10.4
12 4
12 6
11.9

lit 3
its
12 3
121
12 0

14.2
19.4
19.3
13.3
13.6

11.0
14.4
13.7
10.7
10.7

11.5
15.7
13.1
11.1
11.2

10.4
14.2
12 2
9.5
10.3

(3)

(3)

<
3)

(3)

10.4
14.7
121
10.1
10.1
9.3

31.2 31.6 29.6
21.0 22 5 21.3
28.3 29.9 27.3
19.8 19.6 18.0
22.2 23.0 2 1 4
(2)
(2) 25.1

So u rce: B u re a u of th e C en su s, D ep a rtm en t of C om m erce.
1 E x clu siv e of s tillb irth s .
i N o t a d d e d to th e b ir th r e g istra tio n a re a u n t il a la te r d a te .
8 N o t a d d ed to th e d e a th re g istra tio n a re a u n t il a la t e r d a te .
* N o t in th e b ir th re g istra tio n a re a in 1919 a n d 1920.




13.1 11.7
12 8 11.4
18.4 15.9

19.3 20.2 19.8 13.3 17,7 13.7
24.5 24.0 21. 5 15.9 20.4 13.3
(*> 15.5
(2) 22.4 20.6 ( 3)
19.9 20.5 20.7 16.3 22.7 14.7
20.0 (3
(2
)
( 2)
) 16.2 12.0
22.0 23.0 2 1 4 13.8* 16.0 12.7
22.3 23.3 21.6 1 1 9 15.1 10.8
26.0 27.6 25.4 13.8 17.0 12.8
22.5 22.9 22.6 15. 4 19.1 14.6
24.8 25.1 23.2 16.7 23.6 15.3

Massachusetts.................... 25.7 25.3 22.9 23.6 23.5 2 2 1
Michigan............ ............... 25.9 25.7 23.2 25.0 25.3 23.2
M innesota^....,.,............. 23.8 23.9 21.9 23.3 23.6 23.1
Mississippi._____ ___ ____ 0 )
25.8 24.3
( 8)
( 3)
Montana........................... (4
(4 0(4 <*> 18.3
(*>
Nebraska..... .................... ( s)
( a)
New Hampshire............... 21.8 21.9
New Jersey__*______ . . . . . <*)
( 2)
New York ... __
_____ 24.5 23.8
North Carolina.................. 30.9 30.2

16.7
16.2
24.7

13.0
12.6
18.5

17. Q
14.6
16.3
13.8

10.8
15.5
14.1
9.4
114
0)

(»>

<*)

m

o

It 6

70

VITAIi STATISTICS

Ho. 62.— NUMBER OF BIRTHS AND STILLBIRTHS, AND STILLBIRTHS PER 100
BIRTHS BT LEGITIMACY, IN THE REGISTRATION AREA1AND NUMBER OF
BIRTHS IN EACH REGISTRATION STATE : 1 1922
Births 2
Area
Total
The registration area1
(total).................. 1,613,896

White*................... 1,476,457
137,439
Colored.................

Legiti­
mate

Stillbirths per 100 births

Stillbirths
Illegit­‘ Total
imate

1,575,466 38,430i 04,531
1,455,515 20,942: 54,068
119,951 17,488. 10,463

Legiti­ Illegit­ Total
mate imate
61,280
52, 729
8,551

3,261
1,339
1,912

4.0
3,7
7.6

Births 2
State

Legiti­ Illegit­
mate imate

31,214
4,711

372
216

9,072

30,842
4,496
8,504

2 ,6 6 0

6 ,2 9 7
2 ,2 0 7

125
446

134,050
64,088
38,741
62,141

132,279
63,280
38,290
61,006

6 8,962
s ,m

6 8 ,3 9 6
2 ,8 1 0

1,771
808
445
1,135

6,422

568

766
679

235
1,770
646

17,539
34,611

17,304
32,741

2 7 ,866
6 ,6 4 6

2 7 ,6 1 9

90,209
57,022
43,528

88,803
55,974
40^277

1,406
1,048
3,251

21, m
2 2 ,8 9 9

2 0 ,9 11
19 ,6 6 6

218
6 ,0 6 8

10,873

6,422

10, 735

3.9
3.6
7M

8.6
6.4
10.9

Births2

Total
Connecticut.................
Delaware-.............
District of Columbia
(total)---- ,______
W h ite .......................
Colored .....................
Illinois.........................
Indiana................. .
Kansas_*...................
Kentucky (total)-..__
W hite— ....................
Colored ...... ............. *
Maine,.-..-.................
Maryland (total)------C olored..—. - ............
Michigan.....................
Minnesota...................
Mississippi (total)__ _
W h ite . __________ _
Colored ......................
Montana..................

Legiti­ Illegit­
mate imate

1,2 2 4

138

State
Total

Legiti­ Illegit­
mate imate

31,032
30,689
New Hampshire.......... 9,762
9,639
New Jersey.- — ..... 74,558
—
73,586
New York................... 231,384 228,559
77,341
North Carolina (total). 81,871
66,3 1 4
W h ite ........................
6 5 ,3 6 7
Colored .................. .
2 6 ,6 6 7 . 22,004
Ohio......................... 122,735 120,637
14,753
Oregon—
...................... 14,969
Pennsylvania........ .
214,348 209,460
Rhode Island............... 14,302
14 169
South Carolina (total). _ 46,440 42,426
2 8 ,16 1
2 2 ,7 0 8
W h ite .......................
Colored ............... ...... 2 8 ,2 8 6
1 9 ,m
Utah........................ 13,768
13,875
7,.402
Vermont.......-.............
7,520
Vhpuiia (total)............ 64,783
61,146
4 4 ,6 6 0
4 3 ,7 6 $
Colored ....................— 2 0 ,1 6 8
17^393
Washington... ............. 25,378 25,1874
Wisconsin.................... 68,046 57,128
Wyoming-—
................ 5,188
5,162

Nebraska....................

343
123
972
2,826
4530
977
3 ,6 6 6

2,098
216
4,888
133
4,020
468
6 ,6 6 2

107
118
3,637

877
2 ,7 6 0

m

918
36

Source: Bureau ol the Census, Department of Com erce.
m
^Exclusive of California and M
assachusetts. The birth certificates of these States do not require the
tegitimacyofchild.
*Excluding stillbirths.




71

VITAL STATISTICS

No. 68.— DEATHS >O INFANTS UNDER 1 YEAR OP AGE: R ateb , b t P r in c ip a l
F
C a u s e s , fob the B irth R e g ist r a ^ on' AftteA
Deaths 1 under 1 year of age per 1,000 births
Entire registration area

Cause of death

Registration area as of 1917 (exdusve
of Rhode Island)

1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922
All causes <under 1
year of age............. 83.8 101.0 88.6 86.8 76.6 76.2 93.6 100.7
.6 1.2 1,0
Measles............................. 1.2 1.0
.5
.5 1.0
.1
Scarlet fever. .....................
.1
.1
.1
.1
.1
.1
.1
Whooping cough................ 2.4 3.3 1.4 3.0 2.2 1.4 2.4 3.3
.5
.5
.4
.5
.5
.4
Diphtheria3......................
,5
.4
influenza and pneumonia.. 5,0 11,6 7.4 5.9 oo 4.7 5.0 11.5
.4
.4
.3
.4
.4
Dysentery......................... .3
.4
.3
Erysipelas_____________
.4
.4
.5
.5
.4
.4
.4
.4
.1
.1
.1
.1
.1
.1
.1
.1
Tetanus-______________
.9
.9 1.5 1.3
Tuberculosis (all forms)_
_ 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.0
.9
.9
.9
Syphilis-.................... ....... 1.2 1.0
.8 1.2 1.0
.9
.8 1.1 1.2
Convulsions-.--............... 1.1 1.2 1.0 L0
Acute bronchitis and bron­
cho-pneumonia _______ ia s 11.1 9.6 9.6 7.2 0 0 10.5 11.1
.8 1.2 1.4
Diseiases of the stomach 3___ 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.0
Diarrhea and enteritis*.. . 200 19.0 15.7 14.9 13.5 11.7 200 10 9
6.3 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.3 6.3 6.5
Congenital malformations
Congenital debility and
other diseases of early in­
8.8 9.3 8.2 7.7 7.1 0.4 a 7 0 2
.............. ................
fancy
Premature birth................ 19.1 20.2 19.2 19.4 17.9 i a i 101 20.2
Injuries at birth- .............. 3.8 3.3 3.4 3.7 4.2 4.5 a s 3. a
.9 1.3 1.1
1.3 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0
Unknown or ill-defined
diseases......................... 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9
All other causes................. 5.9 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.1 a s 5.9 5.4

86,7 86.1 76.1
.5
.1
1.3
.5
7.2
.3
.4
.1
1.2
.9
1.0

76.6

.5
.1
01
.5
2.9
/3
.4
,1
.9
.8
.8

.7
,1
1.4
.5
4.5
.3
.4
•I
.9
•8
.8

10.0 101 7.6
1.3 1.1 1*0
15.9 15.2 109
6.4 6.4 0 4

OS
*8
116
05

8.2 7.7 7.1,
10 8 10 1 18.0
OO
3.9 0 4
1.0 1.0
.9

07
102
04
.9

2.7
5.3

1.0
.1
3.0
.5
5.7
.3
.4
.1
1.0
.8
1.0

2.5
5.3

2.3t

2.3
5.3

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.
i Exclusive of stillbirths .
2 includes croup from 1917 to 1920.
8 Excludes ulcer of the duodenum from 1917 to 1920. * Includes ulcer of the doudenum from 1917 to 1920.

No. 64.— DEATHS OF INFANTS UNDER 1 YEAR OF A&E: R ate

per

1,000

B irth s A ccording to A ge S ubd ivisio n s , for the B irth R egistration
A r e a 1 a s of 1917

A
ge
Total under 1year..............................................
Under I day...................................................
1day...... ........ .......... ............. ...................
2days._............—........................................
3to6days__......................... ........................
1week..................................
......... ......
2weeks........................................................3weeks........................................................
Under 1m
onth..................
......................
1m
onth...........................................................
2m
onths..........................................................
3 to 6 months.............................................................
6 to 8 months......................... .................... ..............
9 to 11 months............................................................

Deaths 8 per 1,000 births 8

1917
* 93.6
15.0
4.6
05
07
O
O
4.2
04
404
04
05
15.1
lb 1
02

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.
1Exclusive of Rhode Island.

105496°— sa ------- 7



1918
100 7
104
5.0
06
05
O
O
4.3
04
44.2
05
08
10 2
10 5
It 4

1919 1920 1921 1922
86.7 801 701 705
14 5 118 117 119
4.4 16 14
14
04 0 4 0 5
3.3
03 04
03
05
6.8 5.4 O
O 19
09 08 04
3.3
01 01
2,7
2.6
41.3 4t 5 40.0 40.0
7.3 7.2 03
02
5.9 5.7 19
18
10 7 10 2 11.0
10 7
103 101 7.8
8.2
OO
05
6.0
07
a Exclusive of stillbirths.

72

VITAL STATISTICS

No. 6 5 — DEATHS OF INFANTS UNDER 1 YEAE OF AGE: N umber

and

R a t e s , b y S t a t e s , fob The B irth R egistratio n A re a
[Note.—The increase in the registration area (see Table 49) affects somewhat the comparability of the
totals]
Number of infant
deaths *

Deaths of infants under 1 year of age per 1,000
births i

Class or State
1921

1922

Birth registration area:
Total....................................
White...-.......................
Colored........... ..............

129,588
113,446
16,142

135,228
119,220
16,008

94
91
151

101
97
161

87
83
131

86
82
132

76
72
108

76
73
110

Cities (total)__ ____-................
White..................... .............
Colored__ . ..... ...................
Kural part (total).......................
White...................................
Colored..*............................

66,135
60,294
5,841
63,453
53,152
10,301

71,736
65,668
6,068
63,492
53,552
9,940

100
96
185
88
84
134

108
105
197
94
90
143

89
86
148
84
80
123

87
158
81
76
118

n

78
75
128
74
70
100

California...................................
Connecticut................................
Delaware...................................
District of Columbia..................
Illinois____________________
Indiana........ .................... .........
Kansas-...... *............. *..........
Kentucky_-_____ v.................
Maine........................................
Maryland...................................
Massachusetts...........................
Michigan,........... ................ .
Minnesota.*____ *.....................
Mississippi............. ...................
Montana....................................
Nebraska.......... .............. ..........

Utah..................... .............. .
Vermont.....................................
Virginia_______ ______ _____
Washington............................ —
Wisconsin....*................... .......
Wyoming................................ ...

4,806
2,492
494
750
0
4,861
2,597
4,168
1,559
3,462
7,006
7,571
3,381
3,157
0
1,888
878
5,800
18,093
6,633
9,714
788
20,133
1,344
4,851
1,062
617
5,523
1,512
4, 448
(2)

5,211
2,412
472
770
10,195
4,320
2,510
4,301
1,517
3,248
7,123
6,724
3,299
2,958
763
1,761
779
5,860
17,826
6,510
8,796
875
18,896
1,219
4,317
957
550
4,976
1,566
4,109
408

89
77
127
72
69
102
71
77
100
85
76
67
65
69
86
94
81
75
58
68
70
57
80
79
77
80
72
58
88
85
93
69
73
77
62
71
79

Total for area having birth regis­
tration in 1917..........................

106,460

101,189

New Jersey........ •*................ —New York.................................
North Carolina................ ..........
Ohio............................. *....... ...
Oregon...... _...............* ...____
Pennsylvania..... ........................
Rhode Island______ ___ ____

South Carolina............-—

1917

1919

70
86

1820

84
84
90
63
100
0
113
71
85
91
63
80
0

0
116
71
96
84
66
77
0

101

87

86

94

0
0

0
0
0

85

79
70
82
91
105
88
90
67

0
0

0
0

91

0

82
73
73
102
104
91
92
66

93.

0

1921

74
92

<)
a
(2
)
94
107
<> ' (3)
2
97
112
(2
)
<)
2
86
87
77
80
87
93
101
93
120
140
98
113
88
89
67
71
0
0
0
0
0
(2
)
113
110
(2
)
0
91
97
102
100
92
94
(2)
(2
)
111
129
108
126
0
0
69
64
85
93
98
103
69
69
78
79
0
0

Source: Bureau of the Cencus, Department of Commerce.
1 Exclusive of stillbirths.
3 Not admitted to the registration area until a later date
*Not in the birth registration area in 1919 and 1920.




1918

0

0
64
88
36
85
83
62
97

0

66
73
98
83
71
63
62
88
94
76
79
59
68
59
87
74
75
75
75
51
88
93
96
73
78
79
55
72
76

1922

77

VITAL STATISTICS

73

No. 66.— HOMICIDES AND SUICIDES: N um ber and R a t s
100,000 P opulation or M ore in 1900

in

C it ie s H avin g

Homicides
Year

Estimated
population,
July 1

1900................................................ ...................
1901..................................................................
1902....... ...........................................................
1903__................................................................
1904....... ............. ..............................................
1905............. ...................................................
1906............................... ................................ .
1907................................ ..................................
1908—...................... ........... ..............................
1909—.................... ................. ........... .............
1910............. .....................................................
1911............................................ ......................
1912....... ........... ........ *....................................
_
1913............................... ...............................—
1914............. ....................................................
1915....... .................... ....... ...............................
19161.................... ............................................
1917..................................................................
1918....... .......................... ....... .........................
1919................ ....................... ....... ...................
1920.................................. ................................
1921........................................ ..........................
1922............................................. ................. .

14,133, 877
14, 513, 283
14,890,699
15,286,581
15,670,701
16,104,214
16,594,107
17,072,832
17,541,214
18,018,210
18,522,966
18,958,147
19,413,308
19,847,428
20,273,425
20,729,640
21,021,720
21,616,460
22,038,899
22,563,206
22,996,227
23,330,469
23,716,781

Suicides

Rate per
Rate per
100,000
Number popula­ Number 100,000
tion
481
520
567
636
723
983
1,189
1,455
1,401
1,252
1,479
1,605
1,504
1,702
1,715
1,698
1,786
2,061
1,865
2,006
1,930
2,168
2 ,2 1 1

3.4
3.6
3.8
4.2
4.6
6.1
7.2
8.6
8,0
6.9
8.0
7.9
7.7
8.6
8.5
8.2
8.5
9.5
8.5
8.9
8.4
9.3
9.3

2,099
2,247
2,487
2,758
2,998
3,126
2,984
3,319
3,957
3,772
3,743
3,880
3,868
3,957
4,351
4,455
3,892
3,816
3,351
3,229
2,910
3, 731
3,626

14.9
16.5
16.7
18.0
19.1
19.4
18.0
19.4
22,6
20.9
20.2
20.5
19.9
19.9
21.5
21.5
18.5
17.7
15.2
14.3
12.7
16.0
15.3

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce,
i Excludes Memphis, Term.

No. 67.—MARRIAGES AND DIVORCES: Number and I n crease , S pecifying
Divorces G ranted to H usban d or to W ife , 1889 to 1906,1916, and 1922
Divorces

Marriages
Calendar year

Granted to
Granted to
Increase
Increase
husband
wife
over pre­ Total over pre­
Number ceding number ceding
Per Number Per
year
Number cent
year
cent

1889...................................... 531,457
26,927
31,735
1890...................................... 542,537
11,080
33,461
1891...................................... 562,412
19,875
35,540
36,579
577,870
1892.....................................
15,458
1893...................................... 578,673
803
37,468
1894...................................... 566,161 112,512
37,568
1895...................................... 598,855
32,694
40,387
1896...................................... 613,873
15,018
42,937
1897...................................... 622,350
8,477
44,699
1898...................................... 625,655
3,305
47,849
1899...................................... 650,610
24,955
51,437
1900...................................... 685,284
34,674
55,751
1901.....................................
716,621
31,337
60,984
1902...................................... 746,733
30,112
61,480
1903...................................... 786,132
39,399
64,925
1904...................................... 781,145
14,987
66,199
1905...................................... 804,787
23,642
67,976
1906...................................... 853,290
48,503
72,062
1916...................................... 1,040,684 2187,394 $112,036
1922...................................... 1,130,782 <90, 098 fi148,815

11,126 35.1
3,066
11,625 34.7
1,726
12,478 35.1
2,079
1,039
12,577 34.4
12,590 33.6
889
100
12,551 33.4
2,819
13,456 33.3
2,550
14,448 33.6
1,762 * 14,765 33.0
3,150
15,988 33.4
3,588
16,925 32.9
4,314
18,620 33.4
5,233 • 20,008 32.8
496
20,056 32.6
3,445
21,321 32.8
1,274
22,189 33.5
1,777
22,220 32.7
4,086
23,455 32.5
*39,974
33,809 31.1
<36,779
47,359 32.0

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.
i Decrease.
* Increase over 1906.
$ Includes 3,334 cases of divorce for which the libellant was unknown.
*Increase over 1916.
fiIncludes 1,040 cases of divorce for which the libellant was unknown.



20,609
21,836
23,062
24,002
24,878
25,017
26,931
28,489
29,934
31,861
34,512
37,131
40,976
41,424
43,604
44,010
45,756
48,607
74,893
100,416

64.9
65.3
64.9
65.6
66.4
66.6
66.7
66.4
67.0
66.6
67.1
66.6
67.2
67.4
67.2
66.5
67.3
67.5
68.9
68.0




IMMIGRATION AND EMIGRATION
No. 68.—IMMIGRATION: Y e a r s E nded J u n e 30, 1821

to

1923

(Note—For 1821 to 1855 the figures represent alien passengers arriving; for 1856 to 1903, immigrants arriving;
for 1904 to 1906, aliens admitted; for 1907 to date, immigrant aliens admitted]
Period or year

Number

Year

Year

Number

N ber
um

18fcl-1830i_-......
1831-1840*...............
1841-18503— ........„
1851-18604_______
1861-1870.................
1871-1880-................

143,439
599,125
1,713,251
2,511,060
2,377,279
2,812,191

1879........................
1880____________
1881— ...................
1882........................
1883........................
1884...... .................

177,826
457,257
669,431
788,992
603,322
518,592

1902...... .................
1903.......................
1904........................
1905.........................
1906........................
1907............ ...........

648,743
857,046
812,870
1,026,409
1,100,735
1,285,349

1881-1890......... .......
1891-1900,...............
1901-1910-..............
1911-1920________
1900-1904..............
1905-1909...........—

5,246,613
3,687,564
8,795,386
5,735,811
3,255,149
4,947,239

1885...... .................
1886.........................
1887-............ ........
1888........................
1889.........................
1890........................

395,346
334,203
490,109
546,889
444,427
455,302

1908-................. ...
1909............ ...........
1910.........................
1911.........................
1912._____ ______
1913...... ........... —

782,870
751,786
1,041,570
878,587
838,172
1,197,892

1910-1914...............
1916-1919.................
1870........................
1871........................
1872-.......................
1873.........................

5,174,701
1,172,679
387,203
321,350
404,806
459,803

1891........................
1892-......................
1893..................... .
1894.........................
1895.........................
1896......... ..............

560,319
579,663
439,730
285,631
258,536
343,267

1914...... .......... .......
1915-......................
1916.............. ..........
1917.................... .
1918........................
1919........................

1,218,480
326,700
298,826
295,403
110,618
141,132

3874 . . . ...................
1875...... .................
1876__.................—
1877...... .................
1878_.......................

313,339
227,498
169,986
141,857
138,469

1897........................
1898...................... .
1899________ ___
1900........................
1901...................—

230,832
229,299
311,715
448,572
487,918

1920.........................
1921.............. ..........
1922........................
1923.........................

430,001
805,228
309,556
522,919

Source: Annual Report of the Commissioner General of Immigration, Department of Labor
i Oct. 1,1820, to Sept. 30, 1830.
3 Jan. 1, 1841, to Dec. 31, 1850.
3 Oct, 1,1830, to Dec. 31,1840.
1Jan. 1,1851, to June 30, 1860.

No. 69.—NET INCREASE OF POPULATION BY ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE OF
ALIENS: Y e a r s E nded J une 30, 1908 to 1923
Admitted
Year

1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923

Immigrant Nonimmi­
grant

.........
.........
.........
.........
........
.........
.........
.........
.........
.........
.........
.........
.........
.........
.......
.........

782,870
751,786
1,041,570
878,587
838,172
1,197,892
1,218,480
326,700
298,826
295,403
110.618
141,132
430,001
805,228
309,556
522, 919

Total.........

9,949,740

Departed
Total

Emigrant

Nonemi­
grant

Total

Increase

924,695
944,235
1,198,037
1,030,300
1,017,155
1,427,227
1,403,081
434,244
366,748
362,877
211,853
237,021
621,576
978,163
432,505
673,406

395.073
225,802
202,436
295,666
333,262
308,190
303,338
204.074
129,765
66,277
94,585
123,522
288,315
247,718
198,712
81,450

319,755
174,590
177,982
222,549
282,030
303,734
330,467
180,100
111,042
80,102
98,683
92,709
139; 747
178,313
146,672
119,136

714,828
400,392
380,418
518,215
615,292
611,924
633,805
384,174
240,807
146,379
193,268
216,231
428,062
426,031
345,384
200,586

209,867
543,843
817,619
512,085
401,863
815,303
700 276
50> 0
125,941
216,498
18,585
20,790
193,514
552,132
87,121
472,820

2, 313,383 12,263,123

3,498,185

2,957,611

6,455,796

6*807,327

141,825
192,449
156,467
151,713
178,983
229,335
184,601
107,544
67,922
67,474
101,235
95,889
191,575
172,935
122,949
150^ 487

Source: Report of Commissioner General of Immigration, Department of Labor.




75

76

IM M IG R A TIO N

No.

7 0 . — IMMIGRATION I AW ENFORCEMENT:
N um ber
op
I m m ig r a n t
A l i e n s A d m it t e d , D e b a r r e d , a n d D e p o r t e d , Y e a r s E n d e d J u n e 30

Period or year Admitted

Debarred

Deported

1900-1604...... 3,255,149
1905-1909. ... 4,947,239
1910-1914___ 5,174, 701
1915-1919....... 1,172, 679

29,499
58,688
115,655
74,929

2,510
6,709
16,010
11,835

1900 ...........
448, 572
4,246
1901.............
487, 918
3,516
1902.............
4,974
648,743
1903........... .
8,769
857,046
1904___ ___
812,870
7,994
1905.............. 1,026,499
11,879
1906.............. 1,100, 735
12,432
1907.............. 1,285, 349
13,064
782, .................
10,902
1908
.................870
1909
.
10,411
751, 786

356
363
465
547
779
845
676
995
2,069
2,124

No. 71.— IMMIGRANT
M

Period or year Admitted

Debarred

1910...........
1,041* 570"
24,270
1911.............
878,587
22,349
1912...........:
838,172
16,057
1913
_ 1,197,892
19,938
1914
................. .................
33,041
1,218,480
24,111
1915..... ....
326,700
1916.............
298,826
18,867
1917.............
295,403
16,028
1918______
110,618
7,297
1919..............
141,132
8,626
1920..............
430,001
11,795
1921........ ......
805,228
13, 779
1922..............
309,556
13, 731
522,919
1923..............
20,619

Deported
2,695
2,788
2,456
3,461
4,610
2,564
2,781
1,853
1,569
3,068
2,762
4,517
4,345
3,661

*

ALIENS ADMITTED: B y O c c u p a t io n , A m o u n t
B r o u g h t , E t c ., Y e a r s E nded J u n e 3 0

o n ey

1900-1909,
total

1910-1914,
total

191&-1919,
total

1921

1922

op

1928

Occupations:
87, 431
62,124
41,308
14,592
Professional...................
10, 955
16,542
131,774
747, 794
198,985
Skilled......... ...... ...... 1, 240, 937
51,588
106,213
502,985
4, 736, 684
3,010,286
357,721
Miscellaneous..............
115,963
208,579
Bringing3,222,314
5,191, 036
480,606
264,626
Less than $501........... .
108,409
191,502
911, 952
674,931
378,449
179^968
$50 or more1.................
102,864
169,412
Amount brought........... $172,533,531 $171,406,417 $84,870,011 $36,718,855 $21,880,961 $33,967,040
Passage paid b y 3,460, 555
708,655
489,276
Self............- ................
155,987
283,420
1,657,869
_
Relative._ ________
429,701
294,286
145,545
223,513
56^277
34,323
21,666
Others________ _____
8,024
15,986
Going to Join758,897
4,169, 633
673,468
Relative........................
250,938
387,656
706,468
173,946
71,369
Friend
.. _ ....
_
25,008
56,676
239,836
60,391
33, 610
No one.............. -....... .
79,587
1 298,600

1 Prior to 1904, “ Less than $30" and “$30 or more.”
No. 72.— ILLITERATE

IMMIGRANTS ADMITTED:
Y ears E nded J une 3 0

B y R ace

or

P eople ,

o t e .—Illiterate represents those unable either to read or write; a small number are reported as able
to read but not write. The per cents represent the proportion illiterate among the total for each race.
For total of each race or people see Table 76]

[N

1910-1914, total
Race or people

Per
Per
Number cent Num­ cent
ber

Total............... 1,143,266 22.1 11,356
African (black)____
Armenian___ _____
Bohemian and Mo­
ravian (Czech)_
_
Bulgarian, Serbian,
and Montenegrin..
Chinese

Croatian and Slove­
nian— ........ ........
Cuban.....................
Dalmatian, Bosnian,
and Herzegovinian.
Du|eh and Flemish- East Tridian______
English _ ______
Finnish__________
French_______ ___
German

Greek__ _______
_ ___ _
Irish.........................
Italian (north).. __
Italian (south)..........
Hebrew

1910-1914, total

1923

2.2

90
157

1.2
6.6

1.0

31

.6

18,667 31.0
920 10. 2

84
238

4.4
5.8

40,147 24.7
334 2.0

157
11

3.8
.8

41.9
13
16
1.7
1
44.2
.5
80
2
.5
6.5
361
152
4.3
21.8
245
17.7 2,496
94
1.1
5.8
75
42.8 2,721

2.3
.3
.6
.1
.1
1.1
.2
5.9
5.0
.3
.8
6.9

5,898 17. 6
7,400 23.9
466

9,499
1,101
1,248
1,350
315
6,259
15,695
41,863
87,721
1,971
10,062
415,390

Race or people
Japanese..................
X A A T _T V Ql
jAurottxi.^
MLithuanian__. . . ___
M agyar_ „
_ ______
Mexican.--..............
Pacific Islander.___
Polish..... ................
Portuguese—
*.........
Rumanian

1928

Per
Per
Number cent Num­ cent
ber
7,259
62
44,165
12,641
32,827
1
169,597
23,858
21,485
63,993

23.6
150
Q
18 8
44.' 1
105
8.7
79
39.7 2,572
1.1
29.1
755
50.0
173
32.9
70
34.8
78

Russian___ _
Rutbanian (Russ64,826 40.6
niak).. ________
Scandinavian (Nor­
wegians, Danes,
.2
420
and Swedes).......... f
430
.4
Scotch__ *_______
20,184 15.3
Slovak__ 1___ *___
6,832 15.9
Spanish.............
112 1.8
Spanish-American—
*
15,084 42.5
Syrian___________
4,902 59.5
Turkish...................
.6
76
Welsh_______ ____
West Indian (other
126 2.1
than Cuban)____
8,091 47.1
Other peoples............

2.7
2.9
5.7
1.1
4,1
6.7

6.2

5.0
1.8

49

4.2

3
32

0)

.1
1.0
19
.5
.2
3
127 10.5
20 8.4
6Q

1
2

31

.1
.1
4.8

Source: Tables 70,71, and 72, Reports of the Commissioner General of Immigration, Department of Labor.

* Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent.


77

IMMIGRATION AND EMIGRATION

ALIENS ADMITTED AND EMIGDANT. ALIENS DE­
PARTED: B y B e x

an d

A ge;

and

I l l it e r a c y

o f

I m m ig r a n t s , Y

E nded

ears

J une 3 0

19001904,
total

19051909,
tots!

m o1914,
total

i.
.£'l ^ -3

i#re- :
MM,
total

1 mm

;

1922

1923

*

ADMISSIONS

........... - 3,265,149 4,947,239 6,174,701 1,172,679 480,001 805,228 309,556 522,919

Total

Males............................... 2,263,818
■ firriftlftS r r, ___
P
991,331
2,284
Males- per l,000ffemales._
Under 16 years ....... .
402,830
16 to 44 years1.................. 2,677,360
45 years and over............. 174,969
Pat* vvDv^
Per AnttLiM
12.4
Under 16 years*...............
82.2
16 to 44 years*..................
4 6 years a n d o v e r
5.4
Illiterates, number3 ....... 727,921
22.4
Percent---,—........

3, 446,234 3,442,917
1, 501, 005 i1,731 784
2,296
1,988
589,826 657,826
4,125, 692 4,229, 546
231,721 287,330
11.9
12.7
83.4
81.7
4.7
5.6
1,196,865 1,143,266
24.2
22.1

688,881 247,625 449,422 149,741 307,522
483L798 182f 376 355,806 159,815 215,397
1,424 %358
1,263
937
1,428
195,241 81,890 146,613 83,710 91,816
853,348 307,589 587,965 210,164 383,960
124,090 401,522 70,650 35,682 47,143
16.6
72.8
me

116,749

10.0

19.0
71.5
9.4
15,094
3.5

ia 2
73,0

20.6

67.9
11.5
10,743
3.5

as

27,463
3.4

17.6
73.4
9.0
11,356

2.2

DEPARTURES *

1,442,892

. . . . . .

Females____ __________
Males per 1,000females.
Under 16 years1
_______
16 to 44 years 1
_________
45 years and over_______
Per cent—
Under 18 years *...............
16 to 44 years*_____ ___
46 years and over.............

618,223 288,315 247,718 198,712

1,163,750
279,142
4,169
69,018
1,217, 753
156,121

Total— , ___ _____
M a le s T

495,643 237,748 189,134 143,223
122, 580 60,667 58,584 65, 439
4,043
3,228
2,681
4702
9,499
38,883 10,705 10,820
488,282 203,374 177, 798 143,081
91,058 74, 236 59,100 46,132

4.8
84.4

10.8

6,3
79.0
14.7

4.4
71. 8
23.9

3.7
70. 5
25.7

4.8
72.0
23.2

ftj*450
54.752
4539
57,183
19,728
5.0
70.2
242

Source: Reports of the Commissioner General of Immigration, Department O Labor.
f
1 Prior to 1918 the division point is 14 years.
3Unable to read or write in any language.
*Not available prior to 1908.

No. 74.— IMMIGRANT ALIENS ADMITTED: B y C o u n t r ie s
nent

Countries

1920

R e sid e n c e , Y

1921

1922

1928

ears

E n d ed J

Countries

une

op

L a st P erm a­

30

1920

1921

Total immigrants 430,001 805,228 309,556 522,919 United Kingdom—
Continued.
Total Europe___ 246,295 652,364 216,385 307,920
Scotland—............ 9,347 15,954
Austria..........__......Wales................... 1,253 1,757
268 4,947 6,019 8,103
Hungary......... .......
84 7,702 5.766 5,914 Yugoslavia.............. 1,888 23,536
Belgium____ _____ 6,574 6,166 1,541 1,690 Other Europe_____ 1,735 4894
90
392
585
Bulgaria............ ......
297
Total Asia..........
Czechoslovakia........ 3,426 40,884 12,541 13,840 China........ ............. 17,505 25,034
Denmark................. 3,137 6,260 2,709 4,523 Japan.... .................. 2,330 4009
9,432 7,878
756 3,795 2.767 3,644
Finland...................
5U
France................... 8,945 9,552 4220 4380 India..-...... ........... *. m 11,735
Germany............ .
1,001 6,803 17,931 48,277 Turkey in Asia........ 5,033 901
410
Other Asia:............
Greece......... ........... 11,981 28, 502 3,467 3,333
Total America... W , W 1*4 U*
Italy................ ....... 95,145 222,260 40,319 46,674
Netherlands............. 6,187 6 493 1,990 3,150 British North Amer­
,
ica........................ 90,025 72^17
Norway................. . 4,445 7, 423 6,292 11,745
Poland........ ............ 4,813 95, 089 28,635 26,538 Central America___
Portugal----- --------- 15,472 19,195 1,950 2,384 Mexico...____ ____
Rumania......... ....... 1,890 25.817 10,287 11,947 South America... . . .
&t w
13,774
Russia......... ...........
995 6,398 17,143 17,507 West Indies.......
841 Africa___ _______ ' 048 1,301
Spain......... ........... . 18,821 23.818
665
Sweden.................. . 5,862 9,171 6,624 17,916 Australia, Tasmania,
Switzerland_______ 3,785 7,106 3,398 3,349
and New Zealand.. ,2,086 2,191
Turkey in Europe... 1,933 6,391 1,660 3,743
United Kingdom_ 48,062 79, 577 35,732 61,499 Pacific Islands (net
_
90
110
specified)............
England............... 27,871 33,431 15, 249 21,558
130
702
Ireland................. 9,591 28,435 10,579 15,740 Other countries........

fas

 of the Commissioner General of Immigration, Department of Labor.
Source. Reports


1922

1928

9,018

886 ■SB

6,047
405
14363
4406
6,716
360
1,998
783

6,181
,450
13,705
4986
5,809
257
2,183
470

77,448

46,810 117,011
970 1,275
19,551 63*766

2,668
7,449
520

i®
548

855

711

60
25

48
15

78

IMMIGRATION

No. 7 5 .—IMMIGRATION, BY COUNTRIES OF LAST PERMANENT RESIDENCE,
18 3 1 TO 19 2 0
[Note.—The figures represent alien passengers from 1830 to 1867, immigrants thereafter. Owing to

changes in the lists of countries separately reported and to changes in boundaries, data for certain
countries are not comparable throughout. For immigration since 1990, rendered incomparable in
many cases by changes in boundaries, see Table 74. Bata are totalsfor periods ended June 30 since
1870, Dec, 31 theretofore, except as noted]
Country

1831- 18411840 1* 1850

18511860

18611870 2

18711880

18811890

18911900

19011910

19111920

Total immigrants 699,126 1,718,251 2,698,214 2,314,824 2,812,191 6,246,618 8,687,664 8,786,386 6,736,811
Total Europe—
Austria-Hungary _

Belgium_______

Denmark_______
France..............—
Germany..............

G
reece—
............
Italy__

Netf
Norway.
Sweden...
Rumania..

Russia and Finland8.
Spain... ..................
Portugal...................
Switzerland------- ...

Turkeyin Europe

496,688 1,697,602 2,462,667 2,064,407 2,261; 804 4,731,607 3,558,793 8,136,016 4,376,664
7,800
22
5,074
6,734
4,738
3,749 17,094
1,063
639
45,575 77,282 76,358 35,984
152; 4354 434,626 951,667 787,468

353,722
7,221 20,174
31,771 88,132
72,201
50,463
718,182 1,452,970
2,053

592,707 2 14 , m
, 5
896,342
18,167 41,635 33,746
50,231 65,285 41,983
30,770 73,379 61,897
505,152 341,498 143,945
15,979 167, 519 184,201

9,231
11,728
9,102
10, 789
20,931 109,298

55,762 307,310
16,541 53, 701
95,323 176,586
115,922 391,776
5,938

651,893 2,045, 877 1,109,524
26,758 48*262 43,718
95,014 190,505 66, 395
226,266 249,534 95,074
12,750 53,00$ 13, 311

2,253
1,412
1,201

1,870
8,251
13,903

646
2,954
4,821

656
2,759
4,644

1,621
101,353
25,011

4,536
8,493
23,286

52,254
5,266
4,627
28,293

265,089 602,011 1,597,306 921,057
4,418
8,731 27,935
11,917 27,323 69,149 w
81,988 31,179 34,922 23,09lr
1,185
3,786 119, 256 77,'219

United Kingdom— 283,191 1,047,763 1,338,093 1,042,674 984,914 1,462, 839 659,954 865, 015 487, 589
England________
7,611 32,092 247,125 222,277 437, 706 644,680 216, 726 388,017 24a, 944
Ireland....... .......... 207,381 780,719 914,119 435,778 436,871 655,482 388,416 339,065 146,181
Scotland..... ..........
3,712 38,331 38, 768 87,564 149, 869 44,188 120,469 78,357
2,667
6,631 12,640
4,313
185
6,319
10,557 17,464 13,107
1,261
Wales__________
Not specified........ 65*347 229,979 132,199 341, 538 16,142
168
§7
Other Europe..___

96

Total Asia *........

48

China6....... ........

Total America8..

40

47

British North Amer­
ica®.......................
Mexico8_________ _
Central America
South America

West Indies•......
Africa8
.................

Australia, Tasmania,
and New ZealandPacific Islands (not
specified)___ ____
A ll other countries__

33,424
13,624

210

1,346

122

64,609

193,803

68,380

71,236

343,567

192,559

41,397

64,301

123,200

61,711

14.799
25,942
26.799

20,605
129, 797
77,393
15,772

21,278
83,837'
79,389
8,055

74,720

35

116
41,458

8

Japan «________

Turkey in Asia7..
Other Asia6........

155

166, 597 403,961

426,523

38,745

361,888 1,143,671

153,871 383,269 392,802
6,162
2,191
1,913
462
96
230
2,304
1,124
1,396
9,043 14,216 29,042

3,064
971
669
1,075
33,066

179,226 742,185
49,642 219,004
8,192 17,159
17,280 41,899
107,548 123*424

61

44
856
12,301

41, 723
3,271
368
3,579
13,528

59,309
3,078
449
1,224
10,660

52

55

210

308

6,669

312

764

0

29

158

221

10,914

53,114

29*011

18,678

11,360

6,765

14,475

7,3

8,443

11 97

12,574

69,904

350

665 «18,238

12,348
1,079

,^
1 *
.r3

1,147

Source: Records of the Bureau of Statistics prior to 1871; subsequently* reports of the Commissioner
General of Immigration, Department of Labor.
»Oct. 1,1830* to Dec. 31* 1840.
8 Jan. 1,1861, to June 30,1870.
8 Includes Poland prior to 1899; Russian Poland only from 1899 to 1919, inclusive, other Polish immi­
grants being included during this period in the country to which they belong.
* Includes Bulgaria and prior to 1920* Serbia and Montenegro.
aIncludes 1920figures for Czechoslovakia, Poland* and Yugoslavia.
* Included in *r A ll other countries ’' in 1892.
7Included in “ A ll other countries” in 1892; in “ Other Asia” in 1893 and 1894.
8 Immigrants from British North America and Mexico' not reported from 1886 to 1893, inclusive.
8 Included in “ A ll other countries” in 1892 and 1893.




79

IMMIGRATION

No. 7 6 . — IMMIGRANT

ALIENS

ADMITTED: B y R

E nded J

une

ace

os

P eo ple, Y e a s s

80

N u m b er
R ac e or peop le

19001909,
t o ta l

mo1914,
t o ta l

19151919,
to t a l

1920

P er cent

1921

1922

1928

1910- 1922
1914

1923

T o ta L ..................... 8,202,388 5,174, 701 i, m , « 7 9 430,001 805,228 309,656 522,919 100.0 100.0 100.0
2 8,262
A frican (b la c k )..............
20,316
A rm e n ian .........................
B o h em ian a n d M o ra 89,201
v ia n (C z e c h )..............
B u lg a ria n , S e rb ia n ,
82,167
a n d M o n te n e g rin - _
19,182
C h in e se -............................
C ro a tia n a n d Slo ven ia n ,............................... 287,349
39,606
C u b a n s ............ _.............
D a lm a tia n , B o sn ia n ,
a n d H e rz e g o v in ia n .
26,418
D u tc h a n d F le m is h 72,786
3,989
E a s t I n d ia n ______ _
_
E n glish _ __________ 344,404
F in n ish ______ ______
129,941
F r e n c h . . . . . ...................
92,398
G erm an ....... ................... .. 666,363
G reek___ - ......................- 176,432
H e b re w ............................. 962, 767
I ris h -................................... 368,997
I ta lia n (n o rth )............... 428, 797
I ta lia n (so u th ).... ........... 1,663,621
J a p a n e s e - _ r — 142, 530,
K o rean ........... ...................
7,749
L ith u a n ia n .................... .
145, 686
M a g y a r ............................. 305,149
M e x ic an ___________ _
23,991
P acific Isla n d e r______
788
P o lish .......... ....................... 792,260
63,144
P o rtu g u ese......................
68,409
R u m a n ia n - .....................
R u s s ia n _____________
64,508
R u th e n ia n (R u s s n ia k )
....................... 118,068
S c a n d in a v ia n (N o r­
w e g ia n s, D an es, an d
S w e d e s)......................... 511,020
Scotch ................. ........... 110,478
S lo v a k ________ ____
329,273
44, 218
S p a n ish ..............................
S p a n ish -A m erica n ___
9, 769
46,884
S y r ia n .— ........................
11,643
T u rk is h .............................
17,149
W e lsh ...............................
W e s t I n d ia n (o th er
th a n C u b a n )..............
10,275
7, 515
O th er p e o p le s ...............

33,527
30,960

29,736
3,620

8, i7 4
2 ,762

9 ,873
10,212

5,248
2,249

7,554
2,396

0 .6
.6

1 .7
.7

1 .4
.5

47,143

2,799

415

1,743

3,086

5,537

.9

1 .0

1.1

60,180
9,061

8,141
9,824

1,064
2,148

7,700
4,017

1,370
4,465

1,893
4,074

1 .2
.2

.4
1 .4

.4
.8

162,693
17,038

3,094
12,620

493
1,510

11,035
1,523

3,783
698

4,163
1,347

3 .1
.3

1 .2
.2

.8

22, 652
64,882
2,824
267, 713
57,717
96,439
363,930
192,247
495,459
183, 471
174,871
971, 366
30, 788
276
100,050
146,045
82,588
88
581,979
47,742
65,360
155,002

532
23,446
360
146,945
17,856
75,997
45,795
71,313
65,674
74,168
21,671
122,991
46,469
720
4,011
5,103
91,075
44
18,076
30,671
2,919
16,073

63
930
12,730 12,813
160
353
58, 366 54,627
1,510
4,233
27,390 24,122
7,338 24,168
13, 998 31,828
14,292 119,036
20,784 39,056
12, 918 27,459
84,882 195,037
9,279
7,531
72
61
422
82&
252
9,377
51,042 29,603
17
13
2,519 21,146
15,174 18,856
898
5,925
2,378
2,887

307
3,749
223
30,429
2,506
13,617
31,218
3,821
53,524
17,191
6,098
35,056
6,361
88
1,602
6,037
18,246
7
6,357
1,867
1,520
2,486

571
,4
5,804
1 .3
,1
156
60,524
5 .2
3,087
1.1
34, 371
1 .9
65,543
7 .0
4,177
3 .7
49,719 , 9 .6
30,386
3 .5
9,054
3 .4
39,226 18.8
5,652
.6
104
1,828
1.9
6,922
2 .8
62,709
1 .6
14
13,210 11.2
2,802
.9
1,397
1 .3
4,346
3 .0

.1
1 ,2
.1
9 .8
.8
4 .4
10.1
1. 2
17.3
5 .6
2 .0
11.3
2.1

.1
1 .1
11.0
.0
6 .0
12.5
.8
9 .0
5 .8
1.7
7 .5
1.1

.5
2 .0
5.9

.3
1.3
12.0

2.1

.6

2 .5
.5

.8

.5

.3
.8

134,911

5,661

258

958

698

1,168

2 .6

.2

.2

204,287
110,820
132,165
43,081
6,302
35,519
8,245
12,109

80,033
56,743
3 ,010
42,116
11,458
3,860
985
4,052

16,621
21,180
3,824
23,594
3,934
3,047
140
1 ,4 &

25,812
24, 649
35,047
27,448
3,325
5,105
353
1,748

16,678
15,596
6,001
1,879
1,446
1,334
40
956

37,630
38,627
6,230
3,525
1,990
1,207
237
1,622

3 .9
2.1
2.6

5 .4
5 .0
1.9

7 .2
7 .4
1 .2

.8
.1

.6

.7

.5
.4

.4

.2

.3

.3

5,990
17,181

5,095
7,923

1, 546
1,345

1,553
3,237

976
743

1,467
650

,1
.3

.3

,3

.2

.1

Source: Reports of the Commissioner General of Immigration, Department of Labor.




.7
.2

.3

.2

IMMIGRATION

80

No. 7 7 . — IMMIGRANT ALIENS ADMITTED : B y R a c e
Sex

and

or

P eople,

and

by

A g ®, Y e a r s E n d e d J u n e 3 0

[N o t e .—F or to ta ls b y race see T a b le 79]
1910-1914, to ta l

R a c e or people

M a le

F em ale

1922

M a le

1923

F em ale

M a le

45
U er
44
F em a le 16 n d ars 16etors y e a r s
y a
ye
and
over

T o tal____ _________ 3,442,917 1,731,784 149,741 159,815 307,522 215,397
A frica n ( b la c k ) .......................
A r m e n ia n ...................................
B o h e m ia n a n d M o ra v ia n
(C z e c h )....................................
B u lg a r ia n , S e r b ia n , a n d
M o n te n e g rin _____ ____
C h in e se ........................................
C ro a tia n a n d S lo v e n ia n ___
C u b a n ..........................................
D a lm a tia n , B o s n ia n , an d
H e rz e g o v in ia n . ..................
D u tc h a n d F le m is h ............
E a s t I n d ia n ..........................—
E n g lish ........................................
F in n is h _________________
F re n c h ................... ......................
G e rm an ........„„..........................
G re e k ...... ..................................
H e b r e w - ................—..............
I ris h ...............................................
I ta lia n (n o rth ).........................
I ta lia n (so u th ).................... 4Ja p a n e s e ......................................
K o rea n ..................... ...................
L ith u a n ia n ...............................
M a g y a r .......................................
M e x ic a n ........................... .........
P a c ific I s la n d e r ....................
P o lis h ...........................................
P o rtu g u e s e ............ ................. ..
R u m a n ia n .................................
R u s s ia n ................... .................
R u th e n ia n (R u s s n ia k ) ___
S c a n d in a v ia n
(N o rw e­
g ia n s ,
D an e s,
and
S w e d e s ) .—............................
S co tch ...........................................
S lo v a k ...........................................
S p a n is h --------------------------S p a n ish -A m e ric a n .................
S y r ia n ...........................................
T u r k is h ____________
W e ls h __________________
W e s t I n d ia n (excep t C u ­
b a n ) ...........................................
O th er p eo p les______ ____

91,816 383,960

47,143

19,467
26,231

14,060
4,729

1,964
909

3,284
1,340

3,436
1,018

4,118
1,378

1,025
572

6,148
1,572

381
252

26,348

20,795

1,426

1,660

2,880

2,657

784

4,417

336

54,663
7,833
122,263
11,780

5,517
1,228
40,430
5,258

665
3,622
1,467
456

706
843
2,316
242

988
3,239
2,033
885

905
835
2,130
462

407
434
742
361

1,340
3,084
3,180
885

146
556
241
101

19,789
41,536
2,779
152, 552
35, 524
54,320
207,094
174, 556
269,945
95, 235
130,763
722, 695
10,703
101
62, 282
87,966
52,350
6?
372,251
30, 624
53, 703
134,305
88,264

2,863
23,346
45
115,161
22,193
42,119
156,836
17,691
225,514
88,236
44,108
248,671
20,085
175
37,768
58,077
30,238
26
209,728
17,118
11,657
20,697
46,647

127
1,905
209
14,063
951
6,793
14,441
1,679
22,216
6, 851
3,570
19, 726
2,683
31
386
2, 708
11,468
5
2,133
1,077
749
1,275
284

180
1,844
14
16,366
1,555
6,824
16,777
2,142
31,308
10,340
2,528
15,330
3,678
57
1,216
3,329
6,778
2
4,224
790
771
1,211
414

305
3,441
144
33,784
1,395
18,972
34,249
1,474
23,826
16,451
5,738
26,646
2,489
63
690
3,316
46,007
7
6,768
1,973
687
2,545
612

266
2,363
12
26,740
1,692
15,399
31,294
2,703
25,893
13,935
3,316
12,580
3,163
51
1,138
3,606
16,702
7
6,442
829
710
1,801
556

62
1,326
4
12,237
363
9,155
8,056
609
13,900
3,642
1, 247
5,223
935
14
435
1,742
11,054
4
3, 567
334
344
835
443

478
3,874
148
40,952
2,546
21,604
52,405
3,128
29,216
24,166
7,294
30,689
4,107
81
1,233
4,655
47,255
9
8,677
2,278
951
3,091
670

31
604
4
7,335
178
3,612
5,082
440
6,603
2,578
513
3,314
610
9
160
525
4,400
1
966
190
102
420
55

131,088^
62,858*
83,705
34,193
4,332
23,971
7,780
7,816

73,199
47,962
48,460
8,888
1,970
11,548
46$
4,293

9,341
7,216
3,160
3,314
906
685
35
486

7,337
8,381
2,841
565
540
649
5
470

27,054
24,109
3,499
2,812
1,225
606
108
979

10,576
14, 518
2,731
713
765
601
129
643

2,953
6,118
1,066
366
381
352
53
304

32,364
28,609
4,861
2,927
1,475
718
173
1,130

2,313
3,900
303
232
134
137
11
188

3,322
15,866

2,668
1,315

386
374

590
369

690
389

777
261

230
137

1,121
449

116
64

Source: R ep o rts of th e C o m m issio n e r G en era l of I m m ig ra tio n , D e p a rtm e n t of L a b o r.




81,

EMIGRATION
B y B ack o r P e o p l e
A g e, Y e a r s E nded J u n e 3 0

No* 78*— EMIGRANT ALIENS DEPARTED}
a n d

and

b y

Sex

[Note,—F o r totals b y race see T a b le 79]
"j " —

~
1910-1914, to ta l

R a c e o r peop le
l

M a le

T<ttal......... ......................... 1,168,750
A frica n ( b la c k ) __________
A r m e n ia n _______________
B o h e m ia n a n d M o r a v ia n .
B u lg a r ia n , S e r b ia n , a n d
M o n te n e g rin __................
C h in e s e ........................................
C ro a tia n a n d S lo v e n ia n ...
C u b a m .........................................
D a lm a tia n , B o s n ia n , a n d
H e rz e g o v in ia n ...................
D u tc h land F le m is h .............
E a s t I n d ia n _____ _______
E n g lis h .........................................
F in n is h .........................................
F r e n c h .........................................
G erm ain ____ ____ _____
G re e k ------- ----------------------H e b r e jr ................................... ..
Irish__L......... .............................
I ta lia n (n o rth ).................. ..
I ta lia r l (s o u th ).........................
J a p a n e s e ............... .....................
K o re a n _________ ________
L ith u a n ia n ...............................
M a g y a r .......................................
M exich n . ..................................
P a cific Is la n d e r .......................
P o lish j.........................................
P o rtu g u e s e ..............................
R u m a n i a n ...............................
R u s s ia n .......................................
R u th e n ia n ( R u s s n ia k ) . _J
S c a n d i n a v i a n (N o rw e ­
g ia n s ,
D a n e s,
and
S w e d es) ..................................
S c o tc h .........................................
S lo v a k ...........................................
S p a n is h .......................................
S p a n is h A m e ric a n _______
S y r i a n . . .......................................
T u r k is h ......................................
W e ls h ..........................................
W est! I n d ia n (ex c ep t C u ­
b a n )—.......................................
O th er p eo p les...........................
N o t sp ecified

F e m a le

1922

M a le

279,142 143,223

1923

M a le

F e­
m a le

U n d er
16
ye ars

55,489

54,752

26,698

4 , 5S9

67,183

19, 728

4,439
3,914
3,370

2,164
250
1,812

1,147
228
2,697

1,036
26
1,549

721
62
943

804
7
773

175
2
93

1,162
50
1,139

188
17
484

34,681
11,686
62,772
5,487

1,165
271
6,708
2,477

4,879
5,943
3,338
613

998
203
659
296

1,400
3,625
179
475

464
163
54
276

62
26
2
133

1,311
1,652
174
510

491
2,110
57
108

3,847
6,588
647
30,853
12,163
11,644
43,368
74,118
25,197
10,066
54,911
316,356
8,540
281
12,990
54,106
2,912
5
115,289
5,318
17,948
45,176
18,204

174
2, 509
28
17,409
3,474
7,023
24,052
1,975
7,834
8,939
9,393
36,130
2,216
39
4,191
18,727
522
7

176
817
13
4,876
490
1,636
2,455
706
190
1,283
1,710
9,037
1,267
8
1,421
1,868
2,154
1
10,655
1,499
1,339
583
130

113
703
105
3,562
255
990
1,189
2,701
281
584
1,899
16,197
2,043
45
715
541
1,477
5
3,361
1,933
708
1,259
21

88
549
8
4,417
190
906
1,028
359
132
927
639
4,832
801
10
394
498
1,002
1
1,917
788
390
352
8

4
116
3
707
15
124
100
85
25
53
106
940
43

134
862
77
5,267
353
1,178
1,482
2,016
248
1,102
1,920
15,266
2,114
37
854
652
1,657
5
3,865
2.148
755
1,250
21

63
274
33
2,005
77
594
635
959
140
356
512
4,823
687
18
232
317
348

2 ,154
1,933
6,728
3,250

373
1,340
205
4,792
764
1,828
3,260
6,943
640
1,202
5,738
37,525
3,086
42
3,185
2,890
3,616
4
20,349
4,553
2,880
2,308
318

30,282
11,014
46,740
11,946
1,486
4,148
6,044
1,074

10,530
5, 558
12,243
1,859
617
1,071
200
370

2,569
834
2,277
7,088
1,200
1,061
253
93

1,848
825
1,174
750
591
335
19
61

1,476
514
241
2,629
676
482
104
35

1,460
615
146
564
396
169
20
31

108
109
18
178
150
43
6
8

2,191
706
269
2,591
821
449
97
44

637
314
100
424
100
159
21
14

1,343
5,126
57,771

1,180
243
41,271

384
778

436
370

284
220

432
88

85
48

553
201

78

30,446

23
70
474
1
179
113
61
51

Source: Reports of the Commissioner General of Immigration, Department of Labor,




45
16 to 44 y e a r s
years
and
over

F e­
m a le

1,234
460
282
310
8

&

82

IMMIGRATION AND EMIGRATION

Ho. 7 9 . — IMMIGRANT

ALIENS ADMITTED

AND EMIGRANT

ALIENS
or

P

DE-

eo ple

,

[N o t e —E xcess of a d m issio n s in d ic a te d b y p lu s
1 9 1 5 -1 9 1 9 , to tal

1 9 1 0 -1 9 1 4 , to tal

1 92 0

R a c e or people
A d­
m itte d

D e­
p a rte d

E xcess

A d­
m itte d

D e­
p a rte d

E xcess

A d­
D e­
m itte d p a rte d

E xcess

T o ta l...........—........... 5,174,701 1,442,892 + 3,78 1,8 00 1,172,879 618,223 + 554,456 430,001 288,315 + 141,086
A frican ( b la c k )............—
A rm e n ia n ............................ ..
B o h em ia n a n d M o ra v ia n (C z ech ).
B u lg a r ia n , S e rb ia n , a n d
M o n te n eg rin .
C h in e se ..................... .............
C ro a tia n a n d S lo v e n ia n
C u b a n ......................... ...........
D a lm a tia n , B o sn ia n ,
a n d H e rz e g o v in ia n .
D u tc h a n d F le m is h ----E a s t I n d i a n ____ _____
E n g lis h ...................................
F in n is h ..................................
F r e n c h _______ _______
G erm a n ...................................
G re e k .....................................
H e b re w _______ _______
I r is h ..................... ....................
I ta lia n (n o rth )...................
I ta lia n ( s o u t h ) .—............
J a p a n e s e ______________
K o rean ....................................
L ith u a n ia n ____________
M a g y a r ..................................
M e x ic a n ........ ........................
P a cific I s la n d e r . ..............
P o lish .................. ....................
P o rtu g u ese............................
R u m a n ia n - —.....................
R u s s ia n _________ _____
R u th e n ia n ( R u s s n i a k ) .
S c a n d in a v ia n (N o rw e­
g ia n s, D an e s, a n d
S w e d e s).
S c o tc h ......................................
S lo v a k .....................................
S p a n is h .. „•___________
S p a n ish -A m e ric a n _____
S y r ia n ____ ___________
T u r k is h ........................ .........
W e lsh — ................................
WT
est I n d ia n (o th e r
th a n C u b a n ).
O ther p e o p les.....................
N *t s p e c if ie d - ..................

33,527
30,960
47,143

6,603
4,164
5,182

+ 2 6,924
+ 2 6 ,7 96
+ 41,961

29,736
3 ,620
2 ,799

60,180

35,846

+ 24,334

8,141

9,061
162,693
17,038
22,652

11.957
59,480
7,964
4,021

- 2 ,8 9 6
+ 103,213
+ 9,074
+ 18,631

64,882
2.824
267,713
57,717
96,439
363,930
192,247
495,459
183,471
174,871
971,366
301,788
276
100,050
146,045
82,588
88
581,979
47,742
65,360
155,002
134,011
204,287

9,097
675
48,262
15,637
18,567
67,420
76,093
33,031
19,005
64,304
362,486
10,756
320
17,181
72,833
3,434
12
145,735
7,472
19,881
51,904
21.454
40,812

+ 55,785
+ 2 ,14 9
+219,451
+ 42,080
+ 77,872
+ 296,610
+ 116,154
+ 462,428
+ 164,466
+ 110,567
+ 618.880
+ 2 0,032
-4 4
+ 82,869
+ 7 3,212
+ 79,154
+ 76
+ 436,244
+ 4 0 ,2 70
+ 4 5 ,4 79
+ 103,098
+ 113,457
+ 163,475

110,820
132,165
43,081
6.302
35,519
8,245
12,109
5,990

16,572
58,983
13,906
2,103
5,219
6,244
1,444
2,523

+ 9 4,248
+ 7 3,182
+ 29,276
+ 4 ,19 9
+ 30,300
+ 2,00 1
+ 1 0,666
+ 3,46 7

17,181

5,369 1
} -8 7 ,2 3 0 |
99,042

7,092 + 22,644
2,485 + 1 ,1 3 5
1,187 + 1 ,61 2

8,174
2,762
415

7,128

+ 1 ,01 3

1,064 23,844 -2 2 ,7 8 0

9,824 10,207
3,094 2,666
12,620 8,424
532
130

-3 8 3
+ 428
+ 4,196
+ 402

2,148
493
1,510
63

2,961
7,481
1,598
1,533

-8 1 3
- 6 ,9 8 8
-8 8
- 1 ,4 7 0

23,446 4,878 + 18,568
360
649
-2 8 9
146,945 46,730 + 100,215
17,856 4,737 + 13,119
75,997 21, 824 + 54,173
45,795 6,295 + 40,500
71,313 35,218 + 36,095
65,674 3,112 + 62,562
74,168 11,540 + 62,628
21,671 17,273 + 4 ,39 8
122,991 214,081 -9 1 ,0 9 0
46,469 6,012 + 40,457
720
221
+ 490
4,011 1,105 + 2 ,90 6
5,103 2,830 + 2 ,27 3
91,075 44, 768 + 46,307
+ 24
44
20
18,076 9,577 + 8 ,4 9 9
30,671 11,565 + 19,106
2,919 1,219 + 1 ,70 0
16,073 29,008 -1 2 ,9 3 6
5,661
925 + 4 ,73 6
80,033 21,507 + 58,526

12,730
160
58,366
1,510
27,390
7,338
13, 998
14,292
20,784
12,918
84,882
9,279
72
422
252
51,042
17
2,519
15,174
898
2,378
258
16,621

3,016
162
11,659
1,447
7,026
4,178
20,319
358
4, 635
8,159
80,955
4,238
14
719
14,619
6,412
3
18,392
4,859
21,490
1,151
693
8,246

+ 9 ,71 4
-2
+ 46,707
+ 63
+ 20,364
+ 3 ,16 0
~ 6,321
+ 13,934
+ 16,149
+ 4 ,75 9
+ 3,927
+ 5,041
+ 58
-2 9 7
-1 4 ,3 6 7
+ 44,630
+ 14
- 1 5 ,8 7 3
+ 10,316
- 2 0 ,5 9 2
+ 1 ,22 7
-4 3 5
+ 8 ,37 6

+ 6 ,89 9
+ 2 ,1 7 8
+ 156

56,743 11,422 + 45,321 21,180 2,577 + 18,603
3,010 3,109
- 9 9 3,824 11,668 —7,744
42,116 22,334 + 19,782 23,594 5,144 + 18,450
11,458 3,223 + 8 ,23 6 3,934 1,126 + 2 ,8 0 8
3,860
965 + 2 ,90 6 3,047 1,652 + 1 ,39 5
985
+ 349
140 1,340 - 1 ,2 0 0
636
4,062 1,016 + 3,036 1,462
195 + 1 ,26 7
5,095 2,365 + 2 ,73 0 1,546
626
+ 920
7,923

3,020
| 1,345
|- 3 1 ,8 2 7
36,730

Soiree: Reports of the Commissioner General of Immigration, Department of Labor.




1,275
584
259

1,802

-4 5 7

IMMIGRATION AND EMIGRATION
PART&D, WITH
J u n e |30

EXCESS

OF

ADMISSIONS

OR

88

DEPARTURES: B y

R ace;

s ig n ( + ) , of d e p a rtu re s b y m in u s sig n ( —)]
1 92 1
A d- ,
D e­
m itte d p a rte d

1922

E xcess

A d­
m itte d

D e­
p a rte d

1928

Excess

A d­
m itte d

805,2?8 247,718 + 667,510 309,556 198,712 +110,844 J 2 2 , 919

D e­
p a rted

81,460 + 441,469

9,873
10,2^2
1,743

1,807
605
564

+ 8 ,06 6
+ 9 ,60 7
+ 1 ,17 9

5,248
2,249
3,086

2,188
263
4 ,246

+ 3 ,06 5
+ 1 ,99 6
- 1 ,1 6 0

7,554
2,396
5,637

1,525
69
1,716

7,700

9,940

—2,240

1,370

5,877

- 4 ,5 0 7

1,893

1,864

4,017
11,006
1,523
030

5,253
3,306
1,059
909

- 1 ,2 3 6
+ 7 ,7 2 9
+464
+ 21

4,465
3,783
698
307

6,146
3,997
909
549

- 1 ,6 8 1
-2 1 4
-2 1 1
-2 4 2

4,074
4,163
1,347
571

3,788
233
751
201

12,813
353
64,627
4,233
24,122
24,168
31,828
119,036
39,056
27,459
196,037
7,531
61
1829
9,377
29,603
13
21,146
18,856
6,926
2,887
958
26,812

2,405 + 1 0 ,4 08
137
+ 216
11,622 + 4 3 ,0 0 6
2,480 + 1 ,7 5 3
3,836 + 20,286
6,770 + 1 7 ,3 98
13,470 + 1 8 ,3 58
483 + 118,553
2,535 + 36,521
11,447 + 1 6 ,0 12
37,032 + 168,006
4,352 + 3 ,1 7 9
+ 28
33
4,507 - 3 ,6 7 8
12,457 - 3 ,0 8 0
5,519 + 24,084
1
+ 12
42,207 - 2 1 ,0 6 1
5,144 + 1 3 ,7 12
8,603 - 2 ,6 7 8
11,086 - 8 ,1 9 8
465
+ 493
6,944 + 1 8 ,8 68

3,749
223
30,429
2,506
13,617
31,218
3,821
53,524
17,191
6,098
35,056
6,361
88
1,602
6,037
18,246
7
6,357
1,867
1,520
2,486
698
16,678

2,157
218
9,668
1,254
3,464
5,716
7,649
830
2,485
7,448
46,562
4,353
50
4,606
4,758
5,770
5
31,004
6,052
4,219
2,891
448
4,417

+ 1 ,59 2
+5
+ 20, 761
+ 1 ,2 5 2
+ 10,153
+ 25,503
- 3 ,8 2 8
+ 52,694
+ 14, 706
- 1 ,3 5 0
- 1 1 ,5 0 6
+ 2 ,00 8
+ 38
- 3 ,0 0 4
+ 1 ,27 9
+ 12,476
+2
-2 4 ,6 4 7
- 4 ,1 8 5
- 2 ,6 9 9
-4 0 5
+ 250
+ 12,261

5,804
156
60,524
3,087
34,371
65,543
4,177
49, 719
30,386
9,054
39,226
5,652
104
1,828
6,922
62,709
14
13,210
2,802
1,397
4,346
1,168
37,630

1,262
113
7,979
445
1,896
2,217
3,060
413
1,511
2 ,538
21,029
2,844
56
1,109
1,039
2,479
6
6,278
2,721
1,098
1,611
29
2,936

24,649
3& 047
27,448
3,325
5,105
353
1,748
1,553

2,027 + 2 2 ,6 22
17,626 + 1 7 ,4 22
4,961 + 22,487
1,536 + 1 ,7 8 0
1,599 + 3 ,5 0 6
-3 6 0
713
167 + 1 ,581
+ 897
656

15,696
6,001
1,879
1,446
1,334
40
966
976

1,659 + 1 3,937
3,451 + 2 ,5 5 0
7,838 - 5 ,9 5 9
1,791
-3 4 6
-6 2
1,396
272
-2 3 2
154
+ 802
820
+156

38,627
6,230
3,525
1,990
1,207
237
1,622
1,467

1,129
387
3,193
1,071
651
124
66
716

650

308

3,237

1,457

+ 1 ,7 8 0




743

1,148

-4 0 5

R a c e or people
E xcess

Total.

+ 6 ,02 9 A frica n (b la c k ).
+ 2 .32 7 A rm e n ia n .
+ 3 ,82 1 B o h e m ia n a n d M o ra ­
v ia n (C z e c h ).
+ 2 9 B u lg a r ia n , S e rb ia n , a n d
M o n te n e g rin .
+ 286 C h in ese .
+ 3 ,9 3 0 C ro a tia n a n d S lo v e n ia n .
+596 C u b a n .
+ 370 D a lm a tia n , B o sn ia n , a n d
H erz e go v in ia n .
+ 4 ,55 2 D u tc h a n d F le m ish .
+ 43 E a s t I n d ia n .
+ 52,545 E n g lish .
+ 2 ,64 2 F in n is h .
+ 32,475 F re n ch .
+ 63,326 G erm an .
+ 1 ,11 7 G reek,
+ 49,306 H e b rew .
+ 28,875 Irish .
+ 6 ,51 6 I ta lia n (n o rth ).
+ 18,197 I ta lia n (sou th)..
+ 2 ,80 8 Ja p a n e se .
+ 49 K o rean .
+ 719 L ith u a n ia n .
+ 5,883 M a g y a r ,
+ 60,230 M e x ic an .
+ 8 P a cific Isla n d e r.
+ 7 ,9 3 2 P o lish .
+81 P o rtu g u ese.
+ 299 R u m a n ia n .
+ 2 ,73 5 R u s s ia n .
+ 1 ,1 3 9 R u th e n ia n (R u s s n ia k ).
+ 34,694 S c a n d in a v ia n
(N o rw e­
g ia n s ,
D a n e s,
and
S w e d es).
+ 37,498 Sco tch .
+ 5 ,84 3 S lo v a k .
+ 332 S p a n ish .
+ 919 S p a n ish -A m erica n .
+ 556 S y r ia n .
+ 113 T u rk is h .
+ 1 ,5 5 6 W e lsh .
+751 W e s t I n d ia n (o th er th a n
C u b a n ).
+342 O th er peop les.
N o t s p ecifie d .

IMMIGRATION AND EMIGRATION

84

No. 8 0 . — IMMIGRANT ALIENS ADMITTED AND EMIGRANT ALIENS DE­
PARTED: B y C o u n t r y o f L a s t o r F u t u r e P e r m a n e n t R e s i d e n c e , Y e a b b
E nded J

une

30

JN o te.—E xcess of a d m issio n s in d ic a te d b y p lu s sig n ( + ) , of d e p a rtu re s b y m in u s s ig n ( —)]

A d­
m itte d

D e­
p a r te d

tm

1922

1910-1914, to ta l
E xcess

A d­
m itte d

D e­
p a rte d

E xcess

A d­
m itte d

D e­
p a rte d

E xcess

Total immigrants. 5,174,701 1,442,892 + 3 ,73 1,8 09 309,656 198,712 + 110,844 622,919

81,450 + 441.469

Total Europe____ 4,524,169 1,176,037 + 3,34 8,1 32 216,385 166,297 + 5 0 ,0 88 307,920

61,656 + 246,264

A u s tr ia ................................
H u n g a r y .............................
B e lg iu m ..............................
B u lg a r ia _____________
C z e ch o slo v a k ia ______

575,852
553,801
28,450
24,821

181,494
174,362
4,727
20,514

+ 394,358
+ 379,439
+23, 723
+ 4 ,30 7

5*019
5,756
1,541
297
12,541

579
4,307
1,203
660
7,846

+ 4 ,4 4 0
+ 1 ,44 9
+ 338
-3 6 3
+ 4 ,6 9 5

8,103
5,914
1,590
392
13,840

247 + 7,856
895 + 5 ,01 9
672
+918
156
+ 2S6
2,074 + 1 1 ,7 66

D e n m a rk ............................
F in la n d _____________
F ra n c e .................................
G e rm a n y ............................
G reece..................................

33,470

2,804

+ 30,666

43,004
161,195
132,212

17,003
27,938
70,708

+ 26,001
+133,257
+ 61,504

2,709
2,767
4 ,220
17,931
3,457

690 + 2 ,01 9
1,179 + 1 ,58 8
2,557 + 1 ,6 6 3
4,362 + 13, 569
7,506 - 4 ,0 4 9

4,523
3,644
4,380
48,277
3,333

511 + 4 ,01 2
396 + 3,248
1,507 + 2 ,87 3
1,529 + 4 6 ,7 48
2,988
+ 345

I t a l y - ........ ........................... 1,104,833
35,734
N e th e rla n d s ...................
57,079
N o r w a y ..........................
P o la n d ................................
51,902
P o r tu g a l..........- . ...............

405,723
2,777
9,245

+699,110
+ 3 2 ,9 57
+ 47,834

8,477

+ 43,425

40,319
1,990
5,292
28,635
1,950

53,651 - 1 3 ,3 3 2
$60 + 1 ,1 3 0
1,427 + 3 ,86 5
33,581 - 4 ,9 4 6
6,877 - 3 ,9 2 7

46,674
3,150
11,745
26,538
2,384

23,329 + 2 3 ,3 45
482 + 2 ,6 6 8
946 + 1 0 ,7 99
5,439 + 2 1 ,0 99
2,620
-2 3 6

12,851
R u m a n ia ____ _______
R u s s ia .................................. 1,054,608
S p a i n .. ..............................
28,631
89,215
S w e d e n ----------- ---------18,811
S w itz e rla n d - , .................
69,651
T u r k e y in E u ro p e___

%331
153,470
8,723
9,3 4 0
2,817
19,939

+ 1 0 ,5 20
+ 901,138
+ 19,908
+ 79,875
+ 15,994
+49, 712

10,287
17,143
665
6,624
3,398
1,660

3,795 + 6 ,49 2
6,407 + 10,736
6,793 - 6 ,1 2 8
1,903 + 4,721
886 + 2 ,51 2
201 + 1 ,45 9

11,947
17,507
$41
17,916
3,349
3,743

1,169 + 10,778
2,434 + 15,073
2,557 - 1 ,7 1 6
1,179 + 16,737
546 + 2 ,80 3
125 + 3 ,61 8

9,591 + 26,141
6,434 + 8 ,81 5
2,182 + 8 ,39 7
915 + 8 ,10 3
60
+ 826

61,499
21,558
15,740
23,019
1,182

7,612
5,505
1,368
705
34

+ 53,887
+ 16,053
+ 14,372
+ 22,314
+ 1 ,1 4 8

U n ite d K in g d o m ____
E n g la n d .........................
I r e la n d ............ ...............
S c o tla n d .........................
W a le s ..............................

445,940
218,767
137,410
78,391
11,372

53, 555
29,939
13,346
9,465
805

+ 392,385
+ 188,828
+ 124,064
+ 68,926
+ 10, 567

35,732
15,249
10,579
9,018
886

Y u g o s la v ia __________
O th er E u ro p e _______

2,109

90

+ 2,01 9

6,047
405

9,733
703

—3,686
-2 9 8

6,181
450

2,064
179

+ 4 ,11 7
+ 271

Total Asia______

132,041

32, 749

+ 99,292

14,263

12,814

+ 1, 449

13,705

7, 593

+ 6 ,11 2

C h in a ___ ___________
J a p a n ....................................
I n d ia .....................................
T u r k e y in A s ia ...............
O th er A s i a . ......................

9,800
30,564
2,795
83,900
4,982

12,157
10,692
747
8,5 6 0
593

- 2 ,3 5 7
+ 19,872
+ 2 ,04 8
+ 7 5 ,3 40
+ 4 ,38 9

6,362
4 ,368
267
1,731
86

- 1 ,9 5 6
+ 2 ,34 8
+ 93
+ 267
+ 697

4,986
5,809
257
2,183
470

3,715
2,869
146
773
90

+ 1,271
+ 2 ,94 0
+111
+ 1 ,4 1 0
+ 380

Total America___

506,426

329,747

+ 276,679

77,448

18,769 + 58,689 199,972

11,615 + 188,357

B r itis h N o rth A m er­
ic a ................ ......................
C e n tr a l A m e ric a _____
M exico .............. - ...............
S o jth A m e r ic a ...............
W ^ t I n d ie s ......................

329,316
6,423
88,358
18,306
64,023

195,872
1,984
4,146
6,318
21,427

+133,444
+ 4,43 9
+ 84,212
+ 11,988
+ 42,596

46,810
970
19,551
2,668
7,449

4,480 + 42,330 117,011
955
+ 18
1,275
6 ,285 + 13,266 63,768
1,787 '
+881
4,737
5,252 + 2,197 13,181

2,775 + 114,236
+ 725
550
2,660 + 61,108
1,447 + 3 ,29 0
4,183 + 8 ,99 8

5,985

1,161

+ 4,824

520

133 ,

+387

548

113

+ 435

5,341

2,854

+ 2,487

855

645

+210

711

442

+ 269

483
256

163
181

+ 320
+ 75

60
25

+ 26
-5

48

22
9

+ 26
+«

A frica................. .................
A u s t r i a , T a s m a n ia ,
a n d fcew Z e a la n d . __
P a c ific is la n d s , n o t
specifier
O th er countries..............

4,406
M ie 1
360
1,998
783

34
30 !

16


Source: R*)orts
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ of the Commissioner General of Immigration, Department of Labor
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

IMMIGBATION

88

No. 8 1 . — IMMIGRATION UNDER THE PER O ifN Tf MS? J I H U f ;? . f i r C
or

Ar e a s, Y ears

L xdeo
C

Ju

ke

o u n t r ie s

85)13110"'

[Note.—Im m ig ra tio n

s ta tis tic s u n d e r th e p er c e n tu m lim it la w a re n o t co m p a ra b le w ith s ta tis tic s i n
o th er ta b le s , a s b o th im m ig ra n t a n d n o n im m ig ra n t a lie n s m a y appear in q u o ta la w s ta tis tic s , or a lien s
of b o th c lasses m a y n o t b e co u n ted a g a in st q u o ta s a t a ll; for ex am p le, d u rin g t h e fisc a l y e a r 1923,117,011
im m ig ra n t a lie n s w e re a d m itte d from B r it is h N o rth A m erica , 03,708 from M ex ic o , 13,181 from th e w e s t
In d ie s, a n d s m a lle r n u m b e rs fro m o th er so urces, o n ly a m in o r p a r t of su ch im m ig ra tio n b e in g su b je c t
to th e p ro visio n s o f th e q u o ta la w . C h an ges in b o u n d a rie s an d o th er a d ju stm e n ts n e cessita ted nu m ero u s
c h a n g e s in t h e q u o ta s b etw een 1922 a n d 1923]
)

./

1

1922

1923

A d m itte d a n d
ch arg ed to q u o ta

C o u n tr y or regio n of b irth
Q uota

Q u ota
N u m b er

T otal.....................................................................

356,995

A l b a n i a .. - , ......................................................_..........
A rm e n ia L l . . . ..........................................................
A rm e n ia (R u ssia n ) __............................................
A u s t r ia ^ - ^ —
.......................
B e lg iu m ...... ................. _.....................................
B u lg a r ia ................... ____.........................................
C h ech o slo vakia.........................................._______
D an z ig , F re e C it y of__....................... ...................
D e n m a r k .. ____ _____ _____________ . _
F in lan d ,. ................ ....................................................
F lu m e , F re e S ta te of.................... .......... ...............
F ra n c e ....... ................. ....................................................
G e r m a n y . ..............................
.....................
G reece.
______ ___________ ______ ____

288
1,589

I t a l y . ................................................................................
N e th e rlan d s ............................ ______........................
N o r w a y . ___________ ______________ _______
Poland (in Rinding Eastern Calrnia)

P o r tu g a l (in c lu d in g A zores a n d M a d e ira
I s la n d s ) ________ ___________ j ______ _____
R u m a n ia .
_
. . . . .
R u s s ia (in c lu d in g S ib e r ia ) .................................
E sth o n ia n regio n 8................................................
L a tv ia n r e g io n 8......................................................
L ith u a n ia n a n d M e m e l regio n s 8 _________

Spain

.................... T ... .
T..

........

Rwodftn
.
.
,,
I
r
S w itz e rla n d
TTnited K in g d o m . r .
Y u g o s la v ia ........................... ...................... .................
O th er E u ro p e (in e lu d in g A n d o rra , G ib ral­
t a r , L ie c h te n ste in , M a lt a , M o n aco ,
a n a S a n M a rin o ; a n d M e m e l a n d Ice­
la n d for 1922)______________ __________ _
P a le s t in e ......................... _____ ______ _____
S y r ia ______ ____________ _____________________
T u r k e y (E u ro p ea n a n d A siatic, in c lu d in g
S m y r n a regio n ; a n d T u rk ish -A rm en ian
regio n for 1 9 2 3 ) ........... ................................. ..
O th er A s ia (in c lu d in g C y p ru s , H ed jaz,
I ra q (M e so p o ta m ia ), P ersia , R h o d es,
a n d a n y . o th er A s ia tic te r r ito ry n o t in ­
c lu d ed in th e b a rred zone. P ersons born
i n A s ia tic R u s s ia a r e in c lu d e d in th e
R u s s ia n q u o ta ) ............ ......................................
A frica ............................................................................
A u s tr a lia _______________ ______ __________
New" Z ealan d a n d P a cific I s la n d s .....................
A tla n tic is la n d s (o th e r t h a n A zores, C a ­
n a r y Isla n d s, M a d e ir a , a n d is la n d s a d ­
ja c e n t to th e A m erica n c o n tin e n ts) ...........

A d m itte d a n d
ch a rg ed to q u o ta

243,953
280
1,574-

P ercen t
of q u o ta
68.3

N u m b er

P ercen t
o f q u o ta

357,803

335,480

93.8

288

288

100.0

230
7,451
1,563
302
14,357
301
5,619
3,921
71
5,729
67,607
3,294
5,638
75
42,057
92
3,607
12,202
31,146

230
7,358
1,563
295
14,357
263
5,226
3,921
67
5,034
49,258
3,294
5,638
59
42,057
92
3,607
12,202
29,730

100.0
98.8
100.0
97.7
100.0
80.5,
9 3 :0
100.0
94,4
87,9
73.0
100.0
100.0
ya 6
100.0
10a 9
100.0
' 100.0
95.5

99.2
55.2
103.5

2,465
7,419
24,405
1,348
1,540
2,460
912
20,042
' 3,752
77,342
6,426

2,465
7,419
24,405
241
1, 513
2,460
912
19,867
3,752
77,342
6,426

100.0
100.0
100.0
17.9
9a 3
100.0
100.0
99.1
100.0
100, Q
100.0

9 7 .0
99. t>

7,451
1,563
302
14,282
301
5,694
3,921
71
5,729
68,059
3,294
5,638

4,797
1,581
301
14,248
85
3,284
3,038
18
4,343
19,053
3,447
6,035

64.4
101.2
* 99.6
99.8
28.2
57.6
77. 5
25.3
75.9
2a o
104.7
107.2

42,057
92
3,607
12,202
25,827

42,149
93
2,408
5,941
26,129

100.2
101.1
66. 8
48.7
101.1

2,520
7,419
34,284

2,486
7,429
28,908

9a 6
100.1
84.4

912
20,042
3,752
77,342
6,426

888
8,766
3,723
42,670
6,644

86
56
906

1,008

167.4
382.1
166.9

86
57
928

86
57
928

100.0
100.0
100.0

656

1,096

111.2

2,388

2,388

100.0

81
122
279
80

528
195
279
88

651.9
159.8
IO l O
O
110.0

81
122
279
80

81
122
279
80

loaf

65

83

J 2 7 .7

121

118

ff.5

144

9 7,4
, r 43.8

100.0
100.0
10OyJ

So u rce: R ep o rts of th e C om m issioner G en eral of I m m ig ra tio n , D e p a rtm en t of L ab o r.
i T u rk is h A rm e n ia in c lu d e d w ith T u r k e y in 1923.
a In c lu d e d w it h “ O th er E u ro p e ” i n 1922.
* E sth o n ia n , L a tv ia n , a n d L ith u a n ia n region s in c lu d e d w ith R u s s ia in 1922; M e m e l region , wit< O th er
E u ro p e.”




86

PA SSE N G E R

MOVEMENT

No. 8 2 . — ARRIVALS OF PASSENGERS AT THE PRINCIPAL PORTS FROM
FOREIGN COUNTRIES: Y e a r s E n d e d J u n e 3 0
1900-1909, 1910-1914, 1915-1919,
a v erag e
a v erag e
a v e rag e

P o rt an d class

19*20

19*21

1922

1923

Total U n ited S t a t e s _____
U n ite d S ta te s c itiz e n s_____
Im m ig ra n ts...................................
N o n im m ig ran t a lie n s ..............

1,060,019
166, 236
820, 239
73,544

1,488,422
273,262
1,034,940
180,220

454,192
131, 643
234, 636
88,013

778,749
157,173
430,001
191,575

1,200,875
222,712
805,228
172,935

676,068
243,563
309, 556
122,949

981,877
308,471
522,919
150,487

N ew Y o r k .. ______ __________
U n ite d S ta te s c itiz e n s ............
I m m i g r a n t s . .. ___________
N o n im m ig ra n t a lie n s______

812, 848
128, 988
630,141
53, 719

1,048,710
173,578
759,791
115,341

193,356
55,192
100,970
37,194

415, 722
85,173
225,206
105, 343

790, 135
141,482
560,971
87,682

438,129
162,389
209, 778
65,962

697,304
211,917
295,473
89,914

Boston . _________________ . . .
U n ited S ta te s citiz en s_____
I m m ig r a n t s ____ ________
N o n im m ig ra n t a lie n s______

64, 942
12; 351
47,913
4, 678

73,896
11,498
52,474
9,925

13,034
2,723
8,801
1,610

19, 096
2,089
15, 820
1,187

58, 608
5,116
51,565
1,827

8, 437
2, 675
4, 924
838

20,307
6,041
12,212
2,054

P h ila d e lp h ia __________________
U n ite d S ta te s c itiz en s_____
I m m ig ra n ts _______________
N o n im m ig ra n t a lie n s . . .

24,183
3,510
20, 203
470

54,823
3,506
48,547
2,770

2, 385
462
1,667
256

6, 539
1,694
4, 205
640

27,846
2,227
24, 432
1,187

4,120
588
3,257
275

4,003
1,192
2,382
429

B a ltim o re......... .......................................
U n ite d S ta te s citizen s
I m m ig r a n t s ..............
N o n im m igra n t a lien s . .

44, 707
1,277
42,994
436

31,283
1,126
29, 395
762

914
76
780
58

375
81
265
29

340
117
163
60

m

N ew O rlea n s.........................
U n ite d S ta te s citizen s ___
I m m ig ra n ts ______ _______
N o n im m ig ra n t a lie n s _____

1 8, 422
1 3, 925
1 3,288
1 1, 209

11,674
7,837
1,791
2,046

11,199
6,808
1,931
2,460

11,865
5,878
2, 264
3,723

10,855
6,287
1,801
2,767

9,679
5,986
878
2,715

10,487
6,945
913
2,629

S an F ran cisco _______ ____ . . .
U n ite d S ta te s c i t i z e n s ..........
I m m ig ra n ts _______________
N o n im m ig ra n t a lie n s ______

10, 729
3,609
5, 115
2,005

14,053
5,389
4,776
3,887

19, 567
5, 460
8,442
5,665

28,971
6,273
8,830
13,868

29,865
7, 402
8,361
14,102

21,049
7,339
6, 724
6,986

20,949
6,885
6,719
7,345

S eattle________________________
U n ite d S ta te s c itiz e n s. . .
I m m ig ra n ts ................... ...............
N o n im m ig ra n t a lie n s .............

* 4, 537
1 667
1 3,136
1 734

4,827
794
2,208
1,625

6,911
614
3, 938
2,359

7,343
793
3,575
2,975

7,556
996
3,682
2,878

fl, 721
1,689
2,837
2,195

7,286
2,246
3,003
2,037

488
133
301
54 ,

186
376
63

Sou rce: R ep o rts of th e C om m issioner G en eral of I m m ig ra tio n , D ep artm en t of L abo r.
1 A verage, 1906 to 1909.

No. 8 3 .— DEPARTURES OF PASSENGERS FROM THE SEAPORTS OF THE
UNITED STATES FOR FOREIGN COUNTRIES: Y e a r s E n d e d J u n e 3 0
1900-1909, 1910-1914, 1915-1919,
av erage
a v erag e
a v erag e

19*20

1921

1922

1923

Total.......................... .............

487,425

904,423

416,948

622,209

697,591

654,861

471,187

M a l e . ........................................ —
F em a le................................................

324, 402
163,023

631,827
272,595

319,331
97, 617

455,094
167,115

473,627
223,964

413,372
241, 489

277,973
193,214

C h ild ren 1......... .......................... ..
A d u lts 1..............................................

52,455
434,970

99,348
805,075

39,053
377,895

75,014
547,195

93,218
604,373

102,283
552, 578

57,610
413,577

C a b in 2......... .......................... ...........
Steerage 3..........................................

193, 822
293,603

457,514
446,909

209, 593
207,355

286,071
336,138

333,466
364,125

325, 514
329, 347

326,068
146,119

S o u rce: P rio r to J u l y 1,1907, th e B u re a u of S t a tis tic s ; s u b s e q u e n tly , th e B u re a u of Im m ig ra tio n , D e p a rt­
ment of L a b o r.

'Prior to 1910 the division point is 12 years; from 1910 to 1917, inclusive, 14 years; thereafter, 16.
3figures include departures by rail via the Canadian and Mexican borders.
3Irior to 1910 designated as “ Other than cabin passengers.”




EDUCATION
[N ote .—For ed u catio n al a c tiv itie s of th e U n ite d S ta tes V eteran s’ B u re a u , see p ag e 770]

No. 8 4 . — SUMMARY OF ELEMENTARY ANN SECONDARY SCHOOLS, CONTI
NENTAL UNITED STATES
1870

1880

1890

1900

1910

1920

1922

T o ta l p o p u la tio n ______ 138,558,371 150,155,783 162,947,714 2 76,129,408 3 92,267,080 8106,418,175 2109,248,398
P o p u la tio n 5-17 y e a r s ,
in c lu s iv e -......... ............... 1 12,056,443 8 15,065,767 *18,643,201 121,538,024 124,239,948 127,728,788 3 28,627,201
31.3
30.1
26.1
P er ce n t of t o t a l...............
29.6
28.3
26.4
26.1
P u p ils en ro lled in p u b ­
lic sch o o ls........................
P er cen t o f t o ta l po p u ­
la tio n -.....................„........
P e r cqnt o f p o p u la tio n
5-17, in c lu siv e^ ............

6,871,522

9,867,505 12,722,681 15,603,110 17,813,852

21,578,316

23,239,227

17.82

20.32

20.61

19.56

20.4

21.3

57.00

65.50

68.61

3 71.98

3 73.49

77.8

81,2

4,077,347
59.3

6,144,143
62.3

8,163,635 10,632,772 12,827,307.
64.1
68.6
72.1

16,150.035
74.8

18,432^213

132.2

130.3

134.7

144.3

157.5

161.9

m o

78,4

81.1

86.3

99.0

113,0

121.2

130.6

200,515
77, 529
122,986
38.7

A verag e d a ily a tte n d * a n c e --^ ..............................
P ercen t p u p ils en ro lled A verag e n u m b e r of
d a y s schools in ses­
sio n ________________:
A v e ra g e n u m b e r of
d a y s a tte n d e d p er
en ro lled p u p il- ...........

19.67

286,593
122,795
163,798
42.8

363,922
125,525
238,397
34.5

423,062
126,588
296,474
29.9

523,210
110,481
412,729
21.1

679,533
96,666
583,867
14.1

722,976
118,085
604,891
m s

T o ta l n u m b e r of te a c h ­
e r s ___ ____ _______
M a le tea ch ers...........
F em a le t e a c h e r s .___
P e r ce n t m a le te a c h e rs.

*

T o ta l sa la rie s tea ch ers,
Dollars
D onate
Dollars
Dollars
Dollars
Dollars
su p erv iso rs,
a n a ; Dollars
p rin c ip a ls__________ 37,794,734 55,886,635 91,708,344 137,495,150 253,756,850 590,119,516 860,952,724
( 871
*189
4252
A v e ra g e p e r tea ch er—
4 195
4325
*485
• I f MB
T o ta l e x p e n d itu re for
63,396,666 78,094,687 140,506, 715 214f 964,618 426,250,434 1,036,151,209 1,680,671,296
e d u c a tio n ----------- --P e r c a p ita of t o t a l po p­
2.84
4.64
1.64
1.56
2.24
u la tio n _________ ____
9.80
14.47
P e r c a p ita o f 5-17, i n ­
c lu siv e , p o p u la t io n ..
37.37
5.26
5.16
7.63
8 9.98
3 17,61
51«2
P e r c a p ita o f en ro ll­
m e n t............................ ..
7.91
11.04
13.87
48.02
9.23
23.93
68.02
S o u rc e : B u re a u of E d u c a tio n , D ep a rtm e n t of th e In terio r.
*R e g u la r cen su s fig u res.

2 C en su s e stim a te s.
8P ercen tag es do n o t agree w it h tho se in T a b le s 86 a n d 87, as th e la t te r are b ased on estim a te d & to 17

p o p u latio n .
*C o m p u ted fro m n u m b e r of te a c h in g po sitio n s.
, *
6 C o m p u ted from n u m b e r of te a c h in g po sition s p lu s su p erv iso rs a n d p rin c ip a ls w h ^ sav ag es a r e in ­
clu d ed .
105496°— s

a

1 9 2 3 ------- 8




87

EDUCATION

88

No. 85.—ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS, PUBLIC

S ta te

P u b lic e le m e n ta ry a n d sec o n d ary schools

P o p u la ­
tio n ,
5-17
y e a rs ,
in c lu siv e
1922

P e r ce n t en ro lled of to ta l
5-17, in c lu s iv e

P u p ils en ro lled

1900

1910

1920

1922

C on tinen tal U n ited 28,627,201 15,503, n o 17,818*85? 21,678,316 23,239,227
States.
JL-6----—J£
569,940
424, 611
A la b a m a ......................................
792, 515
376,423
592, 610
A riz o n a ............ — ...................
16,504
76, 605
31, 312
66,290
96,435
A rk a n s a s......................................
395, 978
483,172
509, 351
581, 530
314, 662
C a lifo rn ia ...................—............
368, 391
73A 993
269,736
696,238
838, 723
168,798 .220,232
117,555
C o ld ra& o u —...............................
243,387
240,772
155,228
190,353
C o n n e cticu t...............................
343,500
261/463
283,759
D e la w a r e - .................................
35,960
36,895
39,142
53,177
38,483
55,774
46,519
66,298
69, 541
D is tr ic t o f C o lu m b ia ............
80,500
F lo rid a .........................................
148,089
225,160
108,874
287,239
237, 770
555,794 *690,918
730,873
959,009
482,673
G eo rgia___ * ..............................
I d a h o ............................................
130,741
76,168
115,192
119,164
36,669
958,911 1,002,687 1,127,560 1,249,208
I llin o is - ,...................................... 1,610,422
I n d ia n a ____ _____ _______
631,459
591, 690
722,596
566,288
564,807
I o w a ............—..............................
601,385
614,521
566,223
510,661
543,430
K a n s a s ..........................................
406,880
389,582
398,746
467,136
415,062
K e n tu c k y ....................................
681,313
709,985
500,294
494,863 » 535,332
L o u is ia n a ....................................
567, 649
196,169
263,617
354,079
390, 324
M a i n e - . ,. ..................................
183,138
130,918
144,278
137,681
147,170
M a r y la n d .- ................................ *366,823
241,618
238,393
222,373
250,328
906,955
474,891
698,268
M a s s a c h u s e tts .— ...............—
535,869
623,586
M ic h i g a n ..— ____ _______
918, 367
691,674
504,985
541,501
707,645
440,083
629,537
399,207
503,597
531,059
M in n e s o ta -................................
M is s is s ip p i.................................
692, 691
469,137 * 412,670
386,507
560,833
M isso u ri__ ___________ . . .
719,817
707,031
672,483
859,185
736,522
M o n ta n a . . . .
151,871
66,141
39,430
126,576
120,929
349,822
N e b ra sk a ...... .............................
288,227 «281,375
311,821
320,128
N e v a d a ........................................
15,930
*10,200
14,114
14,406
6,676
65,688
63,972
N ew H a m p sh ire ......................
100,866
64,205
67,394
N ew
808,973
322, 576
429, 797
594,780
628,689
N ew M ex ic o ..............................
111, 366
36,735
66,304
80,929
81,399
N ew Y o r k .. .............................. 2,436,390 1,209,574 1,422,969 1,719,841 1,823,130
N o rth C a r o lin a ...... ...............
872, 279
400,452
520,404
691,249
753,698
N o rth D a k o ta ..........................
208,180
77,686
139,802
173,238
168,283
. _ ____
O hio_____ nir
829,160
1,384,436
838,080 1,020,'663 1,120,293
669,266
O k la h o m a ,...............................
99,602
422,399
689,282
537,299
O regon...........................................
187,820
89,405
118,412
151,028
164,460
P e n n s y lv a n ia ........................... 2,339,198 1,151,880 1,282,965 1,610,459 1,709,677
147,502
R h o d e I s la n d ____________
67,231
80,061
93,501
101, 643
S o u th C a ro lin a ...................... ..
586,426
281,891
478,045
479,309
34M 15
98,822
S o u th D a k o ta ...........................
181,186
126,253
157,483
146,955
721,273
T e n n e sse e ...................................
485,354
521,763
619,852
642,126
T e x a s ............ ................................. 1,460,170
659,598
821,631 1,035,648 1,166, 512
U ta h ...............................................
141,344
73,042
91,611
123,427
117,406
V erm o n t......................................
84,526
65,964
63, 439
66,615
61,786
705,698
402,109
V irg in ia -......................................
370,595
505,190
546,035
324,512
115,104
215,688
291,053
W a sh in g to n ................................
301,800
W e st V ir g in ia ...........................
454,547
232,343
276,458
346,256
363,391
W isco n sin ........................... ........
693,304
445,142
464,311
465,243
500,937
W y o m in g .................................. ..
51,431
24,584
14,512
43,112
47,988

Jersey_____________

1900
72.4

1910
73.1

1920
77.8

1922
8 1.2

6 1.7 62. 7 74.1 7 1 8
5 1 .9 6 2 .0 8 8 .0 68.7
7 1 .0 8 0 .0 8 5.7 8 7 .6
7 9.6 7 8 .6 (*)
(>)
9 5.0 98.2
8 8.2 1 8 0
74.5 73.8 80.3 82.6
75.3 7 1.5 7 3.3 7 3.6
76.8 8 3 .3 8 4 .3 8 6.4
66.6 68.1 8 2 .6 82 8
65.3 6 6.8 * 7 4 .0 70.2
79.2 8 7:9 9 4.8 9 1.1
7 2.7 7 1 .7 72.1 77.0
8 1.1 7 8 .4 7 9.4 8 L 9
6 9.1 8 6 .9 3 6 .1 9 6.4
8 9.2 8 8.7 8 7 .9 88.9
75.3 73.6 * 7 6 .2 8 1.9
4 3.6 5 0,8 6 3 .5 6 8.8
8 1 .4 8 4 .6 76.3 80.4
6 7 .0 6 9.9 6 6 .9 6 3.2
76.2 7 0 .6 7 1 .3 77.0
77.1 7 8 .0 ’ 7 9.3 7 7 .1
7 7 .6 7 L 9 8 1 .8 8 1 4
73.3 8 0.4 11 6 9.8 9 1 6
7 8 .6 6 1.8 78 3 8 5.7
7 2 8 80.7 92.2 7 9.6
8 9 .5 8 8 .5 9 0.5 91.5
74.1 73.9 9 1.5 90.4
7 4.0 6 6 .6 6 4.3 66.8
68. 5 7 0 .0 7 7.4 77, 7
6 1.4 5 9.2 7 5.4 72.7
6 9 .6 67.8 7 2 8 7 1 8
6 3 .6 73.5 8 2.4 8 6 .4
8 1 .3 85.4 8 4.6 83;S
7 5 .4 7 3.8 7 6.6 80 9
7 9 .8 82.9 9 2 ,6 95.2
82.1 7 9,2 84.1 87,8
6 8.9 6 6.7 7 1.6 73.11
66.8 03.1 6 5.4 68,9
60.7 67.3 8 3 .9 8 1.7
79.6 77.7 8 2,9 86.9
75.1 7 9 .6 8 7 .6 89.0
64.7 6 7 .2 73.4 79.9
8 1 .0 8 4.3 87 2 87 3
8 2.2 8 0.3 7 3.4 75.1
6 3.2 64.3 73.3 77.4
8 7.9 8 5.3 94.1 93.0
7 8.6 77.9 7 9.8 79.9
72, 6 72.4 6 8.2 72.3
65.7 79.7 91.6 93.3

OUTLYING POSSESSIONS
A la s k a ...........................................
C a n a l Z o n e .............................
G u a m .............................................
H a w a ii.................... ......................
P h ilip p in e I s la n d s . ..............
P o rto R ic o .................................
V irg in Is la n d s ...........................

3,360
3,486

$ 706
2,376
41,350
44,256
935,678 1,077,342
180,458
214,387
3 ,H 2

26.8
8 5 .4

So u rce: B u re a u of E d u c a tio n , D ep a rtm en t of th e In terio r.
1 F ig u res for 1898-99.
1
O f school p o p u la tio n 5-17 y e a rs of a g e rep o rted b y th e B u re a u of C en su s, 102.6 p er c e n t in 1920 a n d 114.1
in 1922 w ere en ro lled in school acco rd in g to rep o rt from S ta te d e p a rtm e n t of p u b lio in s tru c tio n .
for FRASER

Digitized


EDUCATION
A N D t P R i y A ^ ; oK

n ro llm e n

r

and

A

80

ttendance

’.

. ? m 3 .X 3

Driy^e^ndpafoOhial

r schools—C o n tin u ed
N u m b e r en ro lled , 1022
, K in d er­ E lem en ­
ta ry
g a rten '

Second­
ary

*922

600,654 19,866,564 2,878,009 18,482,213

m

"1,064

1,866

2, 747
23,349
41,982
19,139
466
21,851
1,499

7,371
.

1,1
39,567

46

103, m

m

407
25,800
3,580
459
19,162
6,311

120

673
529
5,106
2,006
181
913
1,948
127
24,900
378

1900

1910

191,0

1920

99.1 113.0 121.2 130.6

1,658,437

544,392
1 61. 9 73.6 7 9 4 95.8
47,404 434,248
16,133
77.1 8 7 .3 98.6 1310
• ,67,488
7,586
51,057
9,913
4 a i 68.6 8 5 .2 m. 1
9777
473.075 i 35,858
367, 516
142.0 120.2 126.0
?573[06§
227,270 590,309
32,802
196, 774
93.4 99.3 1 1 1 4 1 2 3 .2
39,005 170,426
4.000
233; 795
38,002 234.277
135.8 143.5 144.1 1 5 2 .1 , 43,2*5
4/637
29,868 M 1 0 9 .8 108.3 129; 2 1 3 7 .6
34, 451
3 ,7J
10,993 , 58,262
135.9 145.0 143.8 149.1
53,931
69.7 8 0 .9 9 8 .0 103.1
*7,618 180,651
220v 252
8,200
69.3 92.5 98.0
535,620
• 675; 380 - *54,429
6,000
.
18,410
63.6 9 1 3 126.9 1 3 2 .9
100,754
93,688
1,600
12314 133.7 1 4 1 9 153.0 ’ 197,929
163,097 1,059,465
1,037,213
486,070
115.6 119 8 125.8 1 3 7 .8 « 20, 751
93,930 497,888
1 103, 0 1 2 1 4 137.2 1 4 3 .5
436,340
♦390, 856 6141,292
72, 774 339,789
84.8 119 5 1 2 1 8 1 3 5 .1
338,304
W
34,285 429,178 bio 7t o 7 9 6 7 8.7 9 2 .3 21,295
543,453
8 9.5 6 3.9 If .7 1 1 9 4
353^ 837
32,560 295,099
34.000
105.2 119 5 142.4 1 5 9 3
119,927
25,377 127,159
14,137
8 225,989
8 21,592 197, 764 1 108.8 113.7 130.3 1 4 3 .3 20.000
145.7 154.2 1 4 9 6 1 4 9 2
114/782 578,662
96,464
660,137
« 571,047
« 94^616 667,295 0ft 113.6 140.0 129.6 1 5 5 .6 ’ 61,539
71,921 446,294
439,999
9 1 .8 118. _ 125.5 142.
58.8 7 4 .6 7 9 9 94.8] 8 7*>
30, m
530,331
388,643
92.3 107.7 128.6 132.
*626,305
8 88,366; 579,629
40, <
85.5 116.5 120.7 1 3 9
18,511
100,919
6,998
98,816
l i a o 1 2 9 3 1491
102.7
*264,017
« 48,740 262.278
*9,000
108.4 106.
125.8 1 3 7 .1
2,492
11,661
350
11,682
>
9,675
58,128
14,33*
58,030 oi 99.1 128.6 144. 3 147.
519,072
70,050 519,490 1 119. 2 138.9 1 5 1 3 1 5 9 0 65,000
8 59; 0 66.4 129 5 117.
7,376
55,762
'5 ,0 0 0
73,50$
1 3 1 8 149 0 148.8 154.
1,464,341
255,545 1,518,781
267,072
36.6 6 4 .9 9 1 8 100
*30,169 546,250
« 714,010
826,200
87.3 9 4 .9 127.4 136.
20,834 160, 677
151,997
1,000
913,298
122.6 131. 6 130.7 149
181,195 962,415
97,832
6 1 0 78.8 109 5 109 3
62; 019 431,514
4,000
571,700
« 8 4 . 0 1210 137.5 1 4 7 .0
30,196 143,421
133,805
6 ,2 3 3
123. 6 133.0 1 3 9 0 161.
---------194,852 1,448,521
1,495,663
175,000
1135. 4 148.8 142.0 162.7
14,165
85,167
84,974
17,781
63.2 75.4 7 9 0 ; 79.
23,964 345,885
455,225
10,660
113.4 106.0 112.4 136.
19,683 127,675
137,127
1,840
597,231
44,366 455,499
37,124
67.0 90.6 98.5
1,044,259
117,087 960,438
,73.6 86.8 112.0 112.4 *
101,714
1 0 1 4 124.6 1 39 6 140.6
19,707 105,606
6,500
12,688
65,818
1 1 1 3 125.1 1 3 1 6 145.1 J *0 ,0 0 0
* 5 i ? ;i
1 67, 5 9 9 4 102.2 i m i
8 33,308 398,611
54,588 238,036
9 7 .0 1 2 1 7 128.1 149 3 f
7 ,209
245,266
6 9 .0 9 2 .2 102. 115.2
25,820 292,610
337,444
1,500
57,366
75,702 423,010 3 111 4 1 2 1 4 m e 150.1
400,335
5,763
37,418
41,847
8 77.0 1 0 1 5 117; 139 4
8 110

>1,236*
23
38,388 ,
4 »r*
11,962
54
4,017

48,898
8,690
11,282
4,004
3, 575
3,927

■ (i r>
’
N u m b er en ro lled

A v e rag e A v e ra g e d a y s atte n d a n c e
p e r^ y e a r p e r p u p il end a ily a t ­
ten d an ce

1920

6.0001

.

10,000

1922

2,034,642 1,580,873 C . U .S .

1216

102

S ta te

20,484
3,544
4,434
49,714
8,795
7, 081
23,707
8,190
16,730
4,201
267,777
35,857
38, 7!
2 7 ,8
20,819
31,374
18, 616
30,188
144,624
91,177
54,974
9,438
65,582
6,476
28,073
548
24,342
54,697
4,777
275,986
26,640
8,902
124,223
13,635
9,249
171,632
26,590
10,142
5,805
27,300
26,790
7,794
8,009
15,412
10,284
6,642
81,327
1,356

21,023 A la .
2,185 A riz .
2,122 A r k
41,666 C a lif.
3,830 C olo.
67,437 C on n.
4,278 D e l
11,844 D^P.
7,008 F la .
13,400 G a.
1,727 I d a ,
195,552 111
26,425 I n d ;
33,796 Io w a .
28,487 K an s.
15,460 fX* ■
4,430 L a
14,184 M e ,
27,138 M d ,
139,154 Mass.
107,134 M ic h .
4 9 7 3 5 M in n .
8,740 M iss.
54,793 M o .
3,652 M o n t.
21,951 Npbr.
N ev.
31,807 N . A .
41,873 N X
4,267 N.M.
120,401 N . Y .
23,441 N .C .

.

3,669 N.Dalt

O hio.
2,020 O k la.
12,209 O reg.
T a.
25,853 R .
0,100 S .
4,146 S .D a k
23,202 T erm .
18,360 T e x .
2,587 U ta h .
7,958 v t .
12,529 V a .
17,453 W a sh .
8,438 W .V &
103,899 W te.
M 8 3 Wyo.
O ut^ '

LYTNd/
SIONS

POSSES­
256
27
1,503
24,955
12,481
62

2,862
1,954
43,779
182,936
2,987

•A p p ro x im ate.
4 F igu res for 1891-92.
* E stim a te d ,
8D istrib u tio n e stim a te d .




7 E le m e n ta ry o n ly .
8 F ig u re s fo r 1908-09.
5 F ig u re s fo r 1919.
10 Figures, for 1896-97.

132.3
114.3 129.1
155.0

111

156, 159. %
145. 7 153.0
194.8

8,259
8,261
40,379 126,200
6,567
‘6,051

l,~ “

**figures for i

A la sk a .
£ .z .
Gu

V .I .

I.. ,
C.

90
No.

EDUCATION

AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS: T e a c h e r s ,
N u m b e r and S a la ry
{No te .—N u m b er of tea ch ers in c lu d e s so m e su p erin te n d en ts, p rin c ip a ls, a n d su p erv iso rs, as som e S ta tes
do n o t rep o rt th e m s e p a r a t e ly . A v erag e s a la r y refers i n 1900 to a n n u a l s a la r y of teach ers a n d su p erv isin g
officers in c itie s of 8,000 or o v er; in 1010, to m o n th ly s a la r y of tea ch ers; in 1922, to a n n u a l s a la r y of teach ers,
su p erv iso rs, a n d p rin c ip a ls]
8 6 .—

PUBLIC ELEMENTARY

S a la r ie s
o fteach ers,
su p e rv i­
so rs,and
p r in ­
c ip a ls
(($1,000)

N u m b ers of teach ers
S ta te s

1900

Continental United
States,................. .

1910

1421,288 688,210
8,756
851
9,522
11.369
5,200
5,277
993
1,631
4,015
10,120 12,625
2,232
29,384
17,267
27,598
11,513 13,467
K e n tu c k y .................
*9,960 11,100
L o u isia n a —............
4,157 6,286
M a i n e . , , ___ . . . . .
6,446 7,457
M a r y la n d ,______
85,127 6,514
M a ssa c h u se tts___
13,576 15,321
M ic h ig a n ________
*15,564 H 17,987
M in n e s o t a ,.—, ___
10,586 15,157
*8,156 10,166
M iss
16,201 « 18,365
M o n ta n a ____ _
1,214
N e b ra sk a ....................
9,463
N e v a d a __________
489
324
N ew H a m p s h ir e *2,970 3,040
N ew J e r s e y —...........
*6,689 12,087
N ew M e x ic o .____
966 1,474
N ew Y o rk —............
34,848 45,074
N o rth C a ro lin a _
_
7,387 11,216
N o rth D a k o ta ___
4,083 7,387
O h io .___________ _
26,017 27,841
O k lah o m a..................
2,343 9,473
O regon.......... ..............
3.742 4,453
P e n n s y lv a n ia ____
29,390 35,496
R h o d e I s la n d ____
*1,913 2,371
So u th C a ro lin a _
_
5,564 6,968
S o u th D a k o ta ____
4,802 6,066
9,195 10,286
T en n e ssee. ...............
T ex as............................
15,020 20,742
U ta h .............................
1,466 2.369
V erm o n t.....................
3.742 3,257
V ir g in ia .......................
*8,836 10,443
7,170
W a s h in g to n ............ U 3,321
W e st V ir g in ia ____
7,179 8,782
13,063 14,729
W y o m in g .....................
570 1,109
A la b a m a .............
6,678
A rizo n a____, ___
399
A rk a n s a s .................
6,959
C a lifo rn ia ______
7,605
C o lo rad o ___ ___
3,597
C o n n e c tic u t____
4,160
D ela w a re............ _____
7 840
D istric t o f C o lu m b ia
1,226
F lo rid a .....................
2,729
G eorgia____ ____
Id ab d — . .................
1,060
I llin o is - .......... .........
26,313
I n d ia n a ________
15,617
I o w a ..........................
*28,694

OUTLYING POSSES­
SIONS

1920

12,558
1,956
10,476
19,343
7,386
*8,455
1,134
2,096
6,819
16,921
3,982
36,599
17,209
27,660
16,989
13,348
8,966
7,020
6,675
219,085
24,302
19,575
11,962
21,126
7,215
14,873
704
3,047
17,440
2,752
61,703
16,852
8,975
33,751
15,389
7,778
44,111
2,971
0,699
7,853
13,277
29,001
3,904
2,902
14,271
9,877
11,221

17,094
2,232
164

H aw aii.........................

1,326
21,254
3,832

P h ilip p in e I s la n d s ..
P o rto R ic o ................. .
V irg in I s la n d s _____

1922

679,638 782,976 860,862

A la s k a . .........................
C a n a l fcbne.................

Gii&nu................. .

1922

102

14,293 8,465
2,269 3,529
11,758 , 6,910
22,120 *45,396
8,977 10,495
7,828 12,756
1,589
1, ‘
2,278 3; 422
6,921 4,413
16,344 9,536
4,447 5,229
39,304 56,039
18,143 26,466
25,432 27,141
IS, 100 19,007
13,891 10,419
11,511 .9,642
6,994 4,774
7,713 8,818
20,874 35,793
24,938 32,564
20,476 24,769
14,854 6 , *
22,393 24, _ _
6,560 7,193
14,140 1215j 285
984
760
2,926
18.503 a t '
2,664 3,149
62,590 115,710
19,798 13,012
8,818 8,722
30,418 60,861
17,284 17,134
6,900 8,378
46,928 59,695
3,192 4,143
10,861 6,372
7,789 7,502
15,220 9,558
32,137 28,627
3,907 5,085
2,984 2,483
15,021 10,877
9,457 15,280
13,977 12,011
17,857 23,124
2.503 2,620

112

67
1,420
24,148
3,793

110

161

P e r cen t of
tea ch ers
m ale

1900

1910 1922

29.9

21.1

16.3

30.1
27.3
59.7
17.8
20.9
* 9,0
25.3

35.0
T7.0
47.0

£2.0
13.3
36.6
11.9
14.9
O

13.8

15.6

A2

13.7

13.1

11.6

8 .8

9.1

36.0 25.7
44.0 24.4
31.2 25.5
26.4 18.5
46.2 35.7
17.2 9 .8
32.7 18.0
45.5 41.7
47.9 21.4
*16.4 11.2
21.7 17.1
20.3
19.4
44.2
37.0
16.6

14.0

12.0

31.0
26.4
12.0

10.0
12,2

15.1
17.2
18.6
16.7
10.8
m o
17.6
27. 7
1C 8

10.2
14.3

10.0
12.6
JO .1
27.1
19.3
12.7
,10.4
14'. 7
9 .9
9 .4
2 1.5
1 1.0
is . 7
16.4
19.0
2 2 .9
15.9
18.0
8 .3
17.8

11.9
11.1 10.8
8.9 7.1
12.9 12.3
*55,2 34.4
14.9 11.7
49.4 28.5
28.8 17.4
40.4 31.1
42.8 2 6.2
28.4 19.4
32.0 22.6
8.9
9.5
*43.6 23.1
24.4 16.6 10.1
*54,0 37.0 2 4.6
48.9 30.8 20.3
36.
2 6 .6 28.4
13.0 8 .9
9.1
31.5 19.9 13.1
28.9 20.0 11.4
57.9 48.0 3 0.9
18.4 11 . 8 10.4
16.6 12.8 15.3
2L8

A v e ra g e s a la r y
(d o llars)

A nnuah
1900

670.81
457.04

M onth* A n-

19?0

nuai

1922

61.70 1,166

55.18
84.98
55.00
676.61
943.05 * 80.13
776.65 63.22
578. 74, 58.95
495.25 44.16
683.99 98.41
412.85 52.10
528.00 44.90
69.96
745.13 69.51
599.05 65.93
470.88 47.92
517.60 4 63.36
583.69 1*39.37
499.70 52.27
448.06 36.89
54.46
728.69 69.95
640.55 60.01
52.56
42,50
57.18
687.36
844.10
72.63
55.24
626.39
i* 81.68
520.87 4 39.76
597.31 77.77
67.82
851.41 88. !5
34.40
52.95
620.14 58.66
351.89 59.09
651.56 58.63
582.02 51.12
618.60 66.82
434.83 51.95
494.47 55.21
502.20 40.90
588.96 59,69
540.29 79.03
455.59 *34 .75
474.63 38.32
616.26 66.27
433.11 39.90
548.53 54.86
60.35

602
1,558
738
1,849
1,107
M 79

1,216
1,484
637
571
1,171
1,426
1,263
934
1,045
728
906
780
1,191
1,617
1,229
1,113
448
1*085,

1,158
1,042
1,342
1,016
1,076

1,056

i ,o m

657
969
1,309
994
1,190
1,244
1,407
587
941
540
814
1,254
1,475
912
1,266
1,006

12

33.9
4 7.8

10.0

1,457
1,858
1,687

3,231
64

0 0.5
3 4.5
33.6

852
581

2,247

So u rce: B u re a u o f E d u c a tio n , D e p a rtm e n t of th e I n terio r. (
1 R e v is e d fig u re, 423,062, n o t d is tr ib u te d b y S ta te s .
2 In c)u d ef2 3 1 p a rt-tim e tea ch ers.
* D oes n o t in d u d e po rtio n of sa la rie s a n d expen ses o f su p erv iso rs a n d p rin c ip a ls .th a t i s p a id from S ta te or c o u n ty fu n d s.
4 E le m e n ta ry o n ly .
6 E stim a te d n u m b e r of tea ch ers for 7,625 te a c h in g po sitio n s.
• E s tim a te d .
9 1896-97.
101908-1909.
11 In c lu d e s s u p e rin te n d e n ts a n d su p erv iso rs.
for 71891-92.
FRASER *1898-99.
» In clu d es c it y su p erin te n d en ts.
« 1907-1908.
» 1897-98.

Digitized


91

EDUCATION

Ho. 87.—H7BIIC ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY B^JBPOOLS! ’ ^
T o ta l ex p en d itu res (th o u san d s of
d o llars)

P e r c a p ita of to ta l
p o p u latio n (d o llars)

pendittoes

£ e r c a p ita of p o p u la tio n
5-17, in c lu s iv e (d o llars)

S ta te s
1900
C o n t in e n t a l
U n ite d
S ta tes_____

1910

1920

1922

1900 1910 1920

314,964 436,250 1,036,161 1,688,671 2.84 4.6 4

1922

9.80 14.47

1910

1900

1920

1922

9.68 17.04 $7.87 56.22

A la b a m a ......................
A r i z o n a . . ________
A rk a n s a s..................
C a lifo rn ia.................. ..
C olo rado.......................

923
299
1,369
6,909
2,793

2,904
1,000
3,187
18,210
5,211

9,118
6,339
7,706
48,980
13.200

12,827
7,065
8,828
93,534
19,366

,5 0
2.44
1.04
4 .6 5
5.18

1.36 3 .88 5.34 1.42 4.25 11.85 10 19
4.91 18.97 19.22 9.59 20.40 72.91 73; 26
2 .0 4 4 .4 0 4.91 2.93 5.99 13.67 m i s
7.6 6 14.29 26.30 19.61 33. 72 72.12 127.26
6.5 2 14.05 19.85 23.53 27.03 66.94 79.57

C o n n e cticu t................
D e la w a re . - _______
D ist. o f C o lu m b ia ..
F lo rid a ......................
G eo rgia..........................

3,189
453
1,076
765
1,980

5,450
604
2,679
1,773
4,419

16,318
1,676
4,297
7,080
9,076

21,341
2,465
5,722
9,768
13,505

3. 51
2.4 0
3.86
1.45
.8 9

4.91 11.82 14. 72 14.92 21. 35
3.0 0 7.52 10.80 6.69 11.28
a 10 9 ,82 13.08 17.36 37.30
2 .3 6 7.26 9.54 4.36 9 .36
1.70 3,13 4.56 2.52 6.32

I d a h o ..............................
Illin o is____ . . . ___
I n d ia n a ........................
Io w a ................................

400
17,757
8,182
8,496
* 4,622

2,175
34, 086
14,910
12,767
9,812

8,591
69,358
35,764
37,334
26,267

9,556
103,201
63,358
49,514
34,319

2.47
3.0 8
3.2 5
3.81
3.14

6.68
6 .0 8
5.5 2
6 .76
6.81

K e n tu c k y .....................
L o u is ia n a _____ . . .
M a i n e . . ............+___
M a r y la n d ....................
M a s sa c h u se tts____

3,037
1,135
1,712
2,803
13,826

5,648
4,252
2,934
3,792
20,135

8,117
11,366
6,403
8,242
40,908

14,149
16,452
8,266
14,719
57,332

1.41
.8 2
2.47
2.3 0
4.93

2.47 3.36 5.78 3.93 7.98 11.56
2.57 6 .32 8.97 2.41 7.90 20.39
3.9 5 8.34 10. 67 10.02 17.04 35.49
2.92 5.69 9.88 8.43 10.49 22.81
6.98 10.62 14. 41 21. 55 27.68 46.75

19.93
2a 99
45.14
40.13
53.22

M ic h ig a n _________
M in n e so ta ________
M ississip p i................
M is s o u ri.......................
M o n ta n a _________

7,297
5,630
1,385
7,816
923

14,596
13,724
2,726
13,067
2,633

47,683
35,734
5,474
28,707
12,207

72,739
52,210
9,390
40,986
13,976

3.01
3.21
.8 9
2.52
3.79

5.20 13.00 18.70 9.88
6 .6 0 14,97 21.16 10.11
1. 62 3.Q6 5.24 2.34
3.97 8 .43 11.94 a 09
7.01 22.24 23. 55 19.43

19.24
22.40
4,46
14. 45
31.40

54.69
58.04
9.26
33.41
8 a 88

79.21
8 2 94
15.84
47.70
92.03

N e b ra sk a _________
N e v a d a ___________
N ew H a m p sh ire ___
N ew J e r s e y _______
N ew M e x ic o ______

4,403
224
1,052
6,608
343

7,454
619
1,654
17,064
793

20,580
1,383
3,810
40,909
4,139

30,687
1,673
4,883
63,966
Si 162

4.1 3
5 .3 0
2.5 6
3-51
1.76

6.27
7.57
3.8 4
6,7 2
2 l 43

15.88 23.10 13.68
16*50 21.62 24.28
71X94 11,56
12.96 19.29 12.82
11.49 14,00 6.26

20.77
35.51
17.79
27.33
9.27

59.75 87.72
89.75 m o t
3 a 10 48.41
53.27 79.07
s a 33 4 0 36

N ew Y o r k ________
N o rth C a r o lin a ___
N o rth D a k o ta _____
O h io ................ .............
O k lah o m a............... ..

33,421
950
1,526
13,335
686

51,861
3,037
4,549
26,500
6,739

106,046
12,147
12,883
67,426
22,906

183,421
22,079
15,420
116, 568
30,479

4.60
.5 0
4 .7 8
3.21
1.72

5.69
1.38
7.89
5.35
4.07

10.21
4.75
19.92
11.71
11.29

O r e g o n ......................
P e n n s y lv a n ia ............
R h o d e I s l a n d . . __
S o u th C a ro lin a .........
S o u th D a k o ta _____

1,594
21,476
1,548
894
1,605

4, 646
39,988
2,486
1,961
3,825

9,997
73,490
4,766
6,627
11,692

13,629
109,468
7,135
9,567
15,652

3.86
3.41
3.61
.6 7
4.00

6.90 12. 76
5.2 2 8.43
4.5 9 7,89
1.29 3.94
6.5 6 18.21

T en n essee________
T e x a s____________
U ta h ...............................
V erm o n t__________
V irg in ia .........................

1,751
4,465
1,094
1,074
1,989

4,402
11,777
3,052
1,608
4,407

10,141
33,606
8,239
3,588
12,975

15,155
52,452
9,959
4,129
21,212

.8 7
1.46
3.9 6
3.13
1.07

2.02 4.34 6.38 2.53 6 .32 14,33 21.01
3.0 2 7.21 10.79 4.18 9 .09 23.81 35,92
8.1 9 18.34 21.24 11, 95 25.08 61.22 70.47
4.52 10.18 11. 72 12.68 20.55 42.62 4 0 85
2.15 5.62 a 94 3.15 6.77 i a 8 2 30.06

W a sh in g to n _______
W e s t V ir g in ia ............
W isco n sin ....................
W y o m in g ....................

2,375
2,009
5,493
253

10,493
4,094
10,789
796

20,595
11,402
27,266
3,741

29,633
18,616
40,146
5,067

4.5 9
2.10
2.65
2.74

9.21 15.18 20.99 16.53
3.36 7.79 12.20 9 .97
4.64 10.36 14.82 ass
5.46 19.25 24.49 12.84

19.89
10.69
12.20
15.53
14.84

50.12
31. 91
35. 45
25,79
9.72

02.13
46,37
71.09
34.01
14.08

68 73.09
20.81 9.14 23.87
15.40 13.03 24.15 44.32 64.44
11.02 21.71 50.18 87.68
21.19
20.21 12.04 20.14 62.44 s a 33
19.18 9 .9 5 19.54 56.71 73.47

17.12 i a 71 25.09 44.90
a 33 1.39 4 .40 14.48
23.19 16. 54 27 19 64,81
19.38 11.30 23. 71 50.63
14.35 6.71 12.99 36.00

75.28.
25.31
74.08
84.20
45.54

55.67
32.64
33.33
11.03
65.43

72.57
4080
48.38
10 32
85.84

16.79
12.17
11.50
6.54
23.92

27.62
21.14
20.63
3. 72
22.59

14.30
12. 21
15. 36
1.80
13.59

40,66
11.67
15.67
25.77

66.59
26.28
39.93
79.50

91.32
40.96
57.91
98.53

Sou rce. B u re a u of E d u c a tio n , D e p a rtm e n t of th e In terio r.
N o t e .—P er c a p ita ex p en d itu res in 1922for o u tly in g possessions w a s as fo llow s. C a n a l Zone, $8.34; G u am ,

$1.83; H a w a ii, $12.21; P h ilip p in e I sla n d s, $6.87; P orto R ico , $3.42; V irg in Is la n d s , $3.64.




92

EDUCATION

No. 8 8 .—PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS AND PRIVATE RICH SCHOOLS AND ACAD­
EMIES, CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES: 1890-1922
1890

1900

1910

1920

1922

PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS
Sch oo ls re p o r tin g .............................................................................

2 ,5 26

6,0 05

1 0 ,2 1 3

14,3 2 6

14,056

T e a c h e rs, to tal...................................................................................
M en__T
f............. ............................................................... .............
W om en.

* 9 ,1 2 0
3,5 9 7
5 ,2 8 0

20 ,372
IQ 172
10,2 0 0

4 1 ,6 3 7
18 ,8 9 6
22 ,777

3 97 ,6 5 4
3 4 ,3 9 6
6 3 ,258

3 113,630
41,20 9
7 2 ,471

P u p ils ,
B o y s . . . - . * . . . ............................................................... .............
G irla ___
C olor ed stud en ta (included above)...................................

20 2,963
8 5 ,4 5 1
1 16 ,3 5 1

5 1 9 ,2 11
216 ,2 0 7
303,644

9 15 ,0 8 1 1 ,8 5 7 ,1 5 5
398,525
82 2,967
516,5 36 1 ,0 3 4 ,1 8 8

2 ,8 1 9 ,4 0 7
1 ,0 3 3 ,7 3 0
1 , 196,668

P e r c e n t of to ta l p o p u la tio n in h ig h s c h o o ls....................

0 .3 2

0 .6 8

1 .0 0

1 .7 6

2 .0 4

B o y s ............. ................................................................................
G ir ls ......................................................................... .....................

2 1 ,8 8 *
7 ,6 92
1 4 ,1 9 0

6 1 ,7 3 7
2 2 ,5 7 5
3 9 ,1 6 2

111 ,3 6 3
43 ,657
67 ,706

230,902
9 0 ,5 1 6
140,3 86

284,674
1 18,774
165,9 00

total .............................. ..................................

Graduates, total............................................................................ .

5tm

8,m

12,656

27,651

55,751

PRIVATE HIGH SCHOOLS AND ACADEMIES
Schools r e p o r tin g .. ......... *.............................................................

Teachers, total........... .................. ......................................
M e n .................................................................................................
W o m e n ..........................................................................................

Secondary students, to ta l.............................................................

B o y s ....................................... .........................................................
G ir ls . .......................; ................................................................. ..
Colored (included above)_____

_________________

1 ,6 3 2

1 ,9 7 8

7 ,8 0 9
3 ,2 7 2
3 ,9 3 7

1 0 ,1 1 7
4 ,2 7 5
5 ,8 4 2

9 4 ,9 3 1
4 7 ,5 3 4
47 ,397

110 ,7 9 7
55,734
55,063

T o ta l in schools for g irls o n l y . _____ __________
T o ta l in co ed u catio n al schools.....................................
S o u rce: B u re a u of E d u c a tio n , D e p a rtm e n t of th e In terio r.
1 In c lu d e s tea c h e rs n o t c lassified b y sex.
1 I n c lu d e s 1 M 1 m e n a n d 5,069 w o m en in ju n io r h ig h school,
* In c lu d e s 1,678 m e n a n d 6,427 w o m en in ju n io r h ig h school.
1 E x clu d in g 7 th a n d 8 th gra d e s i n ju n io r h ig h school.




2,590

1 ,7 8 1

2 ,0 9 3

1 ,8 5 2

14,94 8
5,6 9 8
9 ,2 48

14,2 3 7
6 ,4 46
8 ,7 »

117,400
56 ,4 7 4
6 1 ,9 2 6

1 84,153
8 4 ,2 2 2
9 9 ,9 3 1

186,6 41
8 4 ,1 9 8
1 0 2 ,4 4 3

26,838
2 8 ,3 1 7
62 ,245

47 ,925
55 ,658
8 0 ,670

4*159
5 9 ,671
7 8 ,8 11

1 1 ,1 4 6 '
4 ,6 1 2
6 ,6 3 4

5,888

9,526

9,555

93

EDUCATION

m^msmkmm

mmnm
ooLs and ACAD­

No.
schools and private
EMIES, SCHOOL YEAR 1921-22: N umber and S e x
by

op

T eachers

and

P upils ,

S tates
P riv a te h ig h schools a n d a c a d ­
em ies

P u b lic h ig h schools

S ta te
Schools
rep o rt­
in g

S ec o n d ary
teach ers

M a le

Continental United
1 States....___ ....

F e­
m a le

S ec o n d ary p u p ils

M a le

F e m a le

Secondary

S ec o n d ary
N u m ­ teach ers
p u p ils
b er
re­
p o rt­
F e­
F e­
in g M a le m a le M a le
m a le

72,471 1,033,739 1, 195,668 1,983 5,446 8,791 84,198 102,443

14,066

41,209

182
38

400
141
371
2,349
506

696
291
677
4,119
1,058

11,093
3,036
8,034
59,533
11,579

, 13,467
3,349
9,825
64,787
14,033

49
6
10
91
10

81
24
18
191
10

151 1,244
22
243
23
197
470 2,673
51
177

2,138
272
275
4,878
653

386
77
167
180
516

961
135
339
411
709

14,360
1,879
5,135
5,001
12,200

16,212
2,134
6,916
6,361
14,389

49
5
20
20
41

241
18
30
29
89

271 2,898
18
239
181
287
57
408
138 1,370

2,801
139
1,557
670
2,030

A la b a m a ..
A r iz o n a ....
A r k a n s a s ..
C alifo rn ia .
C olo rado—

m

298
144

C o n n e c tic u t...................
D e la w a r e ................. .......
D is tric t o f C o lu m b ia ..
F lo rid a ................................
G eo rgia................................

97
216

Id ah o ______
I llin o is...........
I n d ia n a ____
Io w a ______
K a n sa s____

784
671
727
586

264
2,820
2,158
1,461
1,351

385
4,606
2, 947
3,287
2,529

5,251
74,105
4 0 ,5 1 0 ,
33,266
28,342

6,366
78,942
43, 571
41,044
35,208

89
34
93
26

14
222
118
90
81

35
471
121
305
104

181
3,403
1,807
1,608
1,193

346
6,545
1,415
3,270
1,760

Kentucky____
Louisiana____
Maine........ .

293
177
176
118
283

484
339
333
398
1,529

728
657
595
581
3,505

10,764
7,493
8*755
8,637
47,439

14,519
10,482
10,458
10,784
51,752

59
38
47
34
105

95
84
109
134
339

190
132
159
130
657

1,474
1,244
2,112
1,480
4,714

2,492
1,359
2,285
1,142
6*852

M ic h ig a n .. _
M in n e s o ta ..

497
435
159
554
173

1,671
1,072
275
1,276
336

3,174
2,442
563
2,106
633

41,028
27,382
5,933
33.544
7,453

47,081
36,128
6,999
39,771
9,188

56
60
*-27
51

278 3,332
258 2,204
1,657
208 2,668
42
334

4,161
3,136
1,333
2,297
582

M a r y la n d ...........
M a ssa c h u se tts..

7Q
22

9

U6

8

88

8

153
81
160
10

Nebraska___ _
_
Nevada... .........
New Hampshire..
N ew J e r s e y ..........
New Mexico.......
New York____
North Carolina,.
North Dakota.,.
Ohio.................
Oklahoma__ ...

450
19
80
161
51

727
48
174
1,022
104

1,515
83
398
1,915
171

17,856
615
4,277
33,719
1,711

23,174
983
5,069
34,831
2,236

23

23

18
65
11

99
331
16

697
330
314
925
379

3,095
627
467
3,091
968

6,487
985
649
4,621
1,516

104,520
14,012
7,073
70,722
19,779

111,506
17,781
10, 497
77,749
24,511

O regon..... ............................
P e n n s y lv a n ia ..................
R h o d e I s la n d ................. ..
S o u th C a r o l i n a . . .. .
S o u th D a k o ta ..................

220
911
21
123
217

546
3,279
138
206
374

942
4,334
296
367
611

13,645
80,188
5,241
4,878
6,822

15,539
90,700
5,596
6,994
9,146

T en n essee..
T e x a s_____
U t a h ............
V e r m o n t...

Virginia

219
548
51
78
376

468
1,264
393
161
590

661
2,115
441
348
1,244

10,206
34,478
7,181
3* 535
14,111

13,355
41,947
8 ,019
4*362
20,164

Washington....
West Virginia..
Wisconsin.......
Wyoming...... .

274
173
382
46

894
578
1,123
112

1,384
929
2,404
221

22,821
10,535
31,413
2,349

26,433 5 2 6
13,248
31
36,082
3,011
2

Missouri.... ..................
Montana...... ........... .

Sou rce: B u re a u of E d u c a tio n , D ep a rtm e n t of th e In terio r,




86

362

1,098

67 1,480
285 4,218
28
125

95

1,012
2,684
255

219.
56
11
70
22

650 1,199 9,745
175
173 2,369
22
41
222
156
385 3,462
32
53
392

12*095
2,844
411
4,817
572

14
134
15
25
9

15
456
67
76
28

65
217
721 7,687
93 1,211
69 1,332
33
324

529
7,705
863
768
411

113 2,453
44
158
47 ; i l l
184 ly'672
50 ^ 7# ; 819
10?
18
59 ’ 97 1,038
55
216
153 2,932

1,786
2,102
1,204
1,248
1,697

3

55
3i
106
6

807
99
m 421
168 1,692
71

6

1,123
512
2,207
, 112

94

EDUCATION

No. 80.—SCHOOL STATISTICS OF NONCONTIGUOUS POSSESSIONS
1899-19001 1909-10
*

1914-15

1919-20

1920-21

1921-22

1922-23

HAWAII
P u b lic schools:
N u m b e r. ............................................
T e a c h e r s ................ ..........................
M a le .............. ................... - .............
F e m a le —.........................................
P u p ils —.............. ................................
M a le ................................................
F e m a le ____ _______ _______
P u b lic a n d p r iv a te sc h o o ls:34
P u p ils ............................. ......................
H a w a iia n ........................................
P a r t - I ia w a iia n ............................
A nglo-Saxo n......................... .........
S p a n ish
______________
P o rtu g u e se ....................................
Ja p a n e se ...........................................
C h in ese......................................—P o rto R ic a n ______________
K o rean ___________________
F ilip in o ___ _______________
A ll o th er......... ................................

140
352
112
240
11,501
6,339
5,162

152
480
100
380
19,909
10,937
8,972

170
735
139
596
28,827
15,528
13,299

173
1,161
143
1,018
38,295
20,044
18,251

174
1,362
155
1,207
41,151
21,525
19,626

177
1,493
190
1,303
49,032
25,500
23,532

175
1,526
186
1,339
48,730
25,305
23,425

15,537
4,977
2,631
1,250

25,537
4,381
3,842
1,505

36,529
3,866
4,404
1,894

3,809
1,362
1,289

4,662
7,078
2,865
372
200

6,701
13,553
3,916
934
462

229

582

1,709

38,295
3,283
4 ,100
1,033
379
5,304
17,541
3,721
1,068
508
941
507

48,724
3,966
6,097
2,503
398
6,457
20,608
4,974
1,199
898
1,174
450

52,461
4,120
6,403
2,082
425
6,838
22,946
5,121
1,201
839
1,377
509

57,200
4,187
0,672
2,980
429
7,053
25,477
5,039
1,247
961
1,723
556

POBTO KICO
P o p u la tio n ........................................ — 953,243 n , 118,012 1,200,000 *1,299,809 *1,299,809 *1,299,809
322,393 8 390,640
419,282 4 452,446 4 452,446 4 452,446
P erso n s of school a g e __________
168,319
184,991
193,269
25,528
121,453
P erso n s a tte n d in g school______
226>171
1,692
3,354
_
525
T e a c h e r s ._ __________________
2,461
3,286
4,003
274
569
449
621
596
P u b lic school b u ild in g s ________
(5)
1,195
1,315
1,584
751
1,045
R e n te d b u ild in g s ________ ____ _
(67
)
8
526
2,449
3,090
3,166
Schoolroom s__________________
3,642
School e x p e n d itu re s ------------------ $288,098 $1,244,502 $1,904,720 $3,150,761 $4,083,385 $5,150,841 L ___ —v—
$188,884 $246, 762 $259,362
F o r u n iv e r s it y ______________
$2.42
$5.30
$1. 59
$3.14
E x p en d itu re s p e r in h a b it a n t ----$1.11
$3.96
PHILIPPINE ISLANDS
S ch o o ls. ....... ................. ..........................
2,285
2,233
P r im a r y —_______ _______ ___
17
In te r m e d ia te _______ ________
35
S e c o n d a ry __ ________________
4,641
T e a c h e rs___ „. ______ ____ ___
787
A m erica n ___________________
3,854
F ilip in o _____ _______________
H ig h e st m o n th ly en ro llm en t— « 227,600

4,187
5,944
4, 531
3,837
4,295
5,280
198
309
614
38
41
60
9,007
9 ,845
17,575
732
341
538
8,275
6,307
17,234
7 451,938 7 636, 939 « 678,956

6,904
6,101
738
65
20,925
315
20,610
8 836,281

7,670
6,741
857
72
24,017
347
23,670
» 975,093

77
3,964
1,692
103
$85,834
$195,613

67
3,436
1,963
102
$94,358
$199,574

67
3,010
2,367
138
$122,014
$249,466

67
3,610
2,367
139
$133,302
$274,991

70
3,679
2 ,4 0 0
149
$137,700
$324,940

76
3 ,910
2,652
144
$126,190
$359,926

n 621

105
2,503

“ $36,486

$167,633

163
3,418
H 1,635
$330,088

165
3,482
2,729
$371,535

167
3,654
2,978
$362,190

181
3,828
2,994
$38^679

ALASKA
N a tiv e s c h o o ls :91
I
0
N u m b e r..........- ..................................
P u p ils e n ro lle d ..................... ...........
A v e ra g e a tte n d a n c e _________
T e a c h e rs............. ..............................
T ea c h ers' sa la rie s......................... ..
T o ta l c o s t .......................................
W h ite sc h o o ls:18
T eac h ers — ..... ..............................
P u p ils e n ro lle d ______________
A v e ra g e a tte n d a n c e _________
E x p e n d itu re s.....................................

25
1,753
27
$18,341
$29,274

Source: H a w a ii a n d P o rto R ic o , rep o rts of th e G overnor of H a w a ii a n d P orto R ico , re s p e c tiv e ly . P h ilip ­
p in e Isla n d s, reports,of th e d irecto r of ed u ca tio n . A la s k a , n a tiv e schools, B u re a u of E d u c a tio n , D e p a rtm e n t
of th e In te rio r; w h ite sc h o o ls, rep o rts of th e G overnor of-A laska.
I S ta tis tic s for P o rto R ic o a re for 1898-99; for P h ilip p in e Isla n d s, for 1903-1904.
* S ta tis tic s for p r iv a te schools for 1910 a n d 1915 a re a s of D ec. 31 o f th e p reced in g y e a r . S ta tis tic s for 1920
a re for p u b lic schools o n ly , th e n u m b e r of p u p ils in p r iv a te schools b e in g 7,406.
3 C e n su s o f 1910.
4 C e n su s of 1920.
8 N o school b u ild in g s on th e is la n d ; th e 525 schools in o p eratio n b e in g co n d u cted , a s a r u le , in teach ers'
resid en ces.
8 M a rc h .
7 S ep tem b e r.
8 A v e ra g e m o n th ly en ro llm en t.
• S ta tis tic s for 1899-1900 a r e for a ll p u b lic schools.
10 In c lu d in g m ix e d schools o u tsid e of in co rp o rated to w n s a n d d is tric ts .
II N a tiv e a n d m ix ed schools o u tsid e of in co rp o rated to w n s o n ly .
18 M ix e d a n d w h ite schools o u tsid e of in co rp o rated to w n s no t in c lu d e d .




95

EDUCATION

Ho* 9 1 .—NORMAL SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS’ COLLEGES (STATE, COUNTY,
CITY, AND PRIVATE), IN CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES: 1900-1922
1900

1910

1920

1922

ALL NORMAL SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS* COLLEGES
N u m b er rep o rtin g .................................................................................

305

264

371

343

In stru cto rs, to ta l.__.............. .................................................................
M e n ......................... ................. ................. ................. ............................
W o m en ......................................................................... ..........................

4,367
1,856
2,611

5,914
2,195
3,719

9,687
3,660
6,027

9,749
3,835
5,914

S tu d e n ts in a ll co u rses, total.............................................................
M e n ..................... ................. .................................. ................................
W o m e n ................................. ..................................................................

1 116,649
47,851
68,698

1 132,438
37,823
94,615

162,796
29,149
133,647

217,331
44,009
173,322

S tu d e n ts in n o rm al co u rses, total...................................................
M e n ..........................................................................................................
W o m e n ....................................................................................................

69,651
24,157
45,394

88,561
19,746
68,815

135,418
19,110
116,308

185,292
31,583
153,709

11,359
15,430
21,012
G ra d u a tes from n o rm al courses........... ..........................................
35,397
E n ro llm e n t in m o d el schools...........................................................
66,180
92,446
807,963
V o lu m es in lib ra r ie s ......... ....................... ............................................
1,621,528
2,385,238
R e ceip ts, a ll s o u rc e s ............................................................................ $5,231,856 $14,688,220 $31,395,389

25,317
129r 482
2,406,145
$37,417,914

STATE NORMAL SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS* COLLEGES
N u m b e r....................................... ...............................................................
In stru c to rs. ..............................................................................................
S tu d e n ts in a ll co urses................... ....................................................
S tu d e n ts in n o rm al courses..............................................................

127
2,199
* 60,809
41,655

161
3,840
194,143
71,447

183
7,281
140,805
119,024

172
8,123
193,779
166,587

45
2,569
61,906
54,721

77
4,716
126^832
108,797

TEACHERS* COLLEGES (INCLUDED ABOVE)
N u m b e r................... ............................................................... ...................
In stru cto rs_________________ _______ _________________
S tu d e n ts in a ll courses............................ .........................................
(Students in n o rm al courses__________ ___________ ____

It

dry AND COUNTY NORMAL SCHOOLS

•N um b er..................................................................................... .................
in s tru c to rs................................... .................................................... ........
S tu d e n ts in a ll co urses................................ ............ ..........................
S tu d e n ts in n o rm al courses............................................................ ..

30
550
7,565
4,592

40
845
16,940
7,773

128
1,098
12^527
12,510

118
800
12,909
12,909

148
1,618
48,675
23,304

73
1,229
21,365
9,341

60
1,208
9,464
3,884

53
826
10,643
5,796

PRIVATE NORMAL SCHOOLS
N u m b e r......................... .............................................................................
In stru cto rs____________ - .................................................................
S tu d e n ts in a ll courses------------------------ -------------------------S tu d e n ts in n o rm al courses..............................................................
Sou rce: B u re a u of E d u c a tio n , D ep artm en t of th e In terio r.
* A n u m b e r of p u p ils in m o d el schools a re in c lu d e d in th ese d a ta .




96

EDUCATION

No. 9 2 .—NORMAL SCHOOLS,
P u b lic n o rm al schools a n d teachers* colleges
. -

A ll schools a n d colleges
T each ers

S ta te s

P u p ils

N u m b er
M a le

F e m a le

M a le

F e m a le

mo

1922

1910

1922

1910

1922

1910

1922

196

290

1,692

3,542

3,122

5,381

30,186

41,381

A l a b a m a . .. ................ .................
A riz o n a ............. ...............................
A rk a n s a s .......... ............ .................
C a l i f o r n i a .. . ....................... ..
C o lo rad o ...... ................... ...............

5
2
2
5
1

8
2
I
7
2

40
15
15
36
27

78
24
15
102
90

46
11
8
87
11

130
35
17
196
75

842
70
270
450
200

999
181
220
801
50$

983
234
284
3»760
1,078

3,585
581
750
4,914
3,367

C o n n e c tic u t...................................
D ela w a re
. . __ ____
D istric t of C o lu m b ia ...............
F lnrirfa
G eo rgia......... ...................................

5

5

n

15

73

99

342

1

1,051

1,048

2
1
1

2

4

333
159
682

344

34

14
112
139

3

12

26
15
24

28

3

2
12
8

I d a h o ...............................................
I llin o is - - ........................................
I n d ia n a ............................................
I o w a ........................................ ........
K a n sa s.......... ...................................

2
6
2
1
3

2
8
7
2
2

18
89
31
37
67

22
171
112
102
114

15
102
29
51
56

49
220
174
103
110

124
1,984
773
552
1,170

105
3,197
3,729
709
2,010

334
5,131
2,624
2,309
2,206

872
9,130
6,402
4,707
5,335

K e n tu c k y . .....................................
L o u is ia n a ......................................
M a i n e . . . .........................................
M a r y l a n d . . ..................................
M a ssa c h u se tts..............................

4
2
7
4
11

3
3
6
3
12

42
12
12
7
75

73
36
15
11
93

34
49
58
33
187

79
38
80
20
210

1,080
310
429
48
140

1,018
244
79
70
483

1,803
1,249
1,119
574
2,043

2,240
1,513
1,250
582
3,478

S

34
6
1
8
1

70
46

6

112
7

211
81
14
210
13

150
108
3
100
16

393
170
24
231
37

1,047
482
190
2,160
11

2 ,6 5 $,
433
377
2,356
136

6,527
3,600
232
4,000
175

13,224
5,917
1,243
8,392
1,295

Continental U n i t e d
States.

M i c h i g a n . . . . . . . . ___________
M in n e so ta .....................................
M is s is s ip p i...................................
M i s s o u r i - ..................................
M o n ta n a .........................................

6
2
7
1

m

1910

1 9 iJ

82,82$ 166,407

736

N e b r a s k a .....................................
N e v a d a _____ _____ ___
N ew H a m p sh ire .........................
N ew J e r s e y . . . ..............................
N e w M ex ic o ..................................

2

4
2
3
6
2

29

86

37

1,043

1,671

4
33
8

14
22
22

17
141
21

109
2
40
110
31

1,026

1
6
2

1
1,377
214

19
49
533

171
2,916
458

3,980
9
859
2,246
1,471

N ew Y o r k ......................................
N o rth C a ro lin a ...........................
N o rth D a k o t a .......................... ..
O h io .................................................
O k lah o m a.......................................

18
5
2
7
5

17
6
5
33
7

119
22
23
42
66

203
54
65
160
188

611
73
35
71
65

472
83
109
195
123

3,135
292
187
610
1,675

1,779
588
619
1,108
3,620

11,265
1,545
794
1,356
2,702

10,054
1,981
3,010
6,981
8,486

O regon................................ ............
P e n n s y lv a n ia ............................
R h o d e I s la n d ...............................
S o u th C a r o lin a ............................
S o u th D a k o ta ..............................

2
17
1
2
4

1
14

12
204

11
195

35
384

44
62

23
99

323
642

332
7,498
600
989
936

1,066
8,167

24
35

140
3,823
187
287
454

61
1,736

1
3

17
283
44
53
59

4
7

28

105
294

27

94
251

$52

1,718
3,675

1,249

4,621
9,509

3
4

1
7

8
74

1
67

21
107

7
210

9
869

1
337

262
1,966

80
5,675

3
7
16

3
7
31

29
49
90

64
92
175

40
65
143

113
84
255

190
1,460
658

495
958
2,658

1,096
1,748
2,902

3,674
3,254
6,290

T e n n e s s e e ................. ...................
T e x a s ..............................................
U t a h . . . . ..................... ...................
V erm o n t.........................................
V ir g in ia ...........................................
W a s h in g t o n .................................
W e st V i r g i n i a .. .........................
W isc o n sin .......................................
W y o m in g .......................................

3

*

6

3

802
2,287

OUTLYING
POSSESSIONS

H a w a ii _ _. . . . ___ . _
P h ilip p in e Isla n d s




1
1

5
13

53
43

28
343

527
521

m

EDUCATION

1910 AND |£2% 3Y STATES
P u b lic n o rm al schools a n d tea ch ers' colleges—C o n tin u ed
T e a c h e rs' colleges

S ta te n o rm als

P riv a te n o rm al
schools

C it y a n d c o u n ty

S ta te s
N u m ­ T ea c h ­ P u p ils N u m ­ T each ­ P u p ils N u m ­ T each ­ P u ­ N u m ­ T eac h ­ P u p ils
ers
ers
ber
ers
ber
ber
p ils
ers
b er
*
1922
77

1922

1922

4,710 126,832

"

1922

n

1922

1922

1922

3,413 66,947

118

6
2

1
3
2

32
142
165

970
2 ,958
3,873

187
59

4,265
762

4

156
100

920

27

403

355
267
203
224

1,528

,
1

15

505

71

2

21

1922

68

826

1922
10,643

319
2

16

160

x

14

129

3

34

285

32

347

1

5

10

i

4

33
1
4
1
1

29
55
3
1ft

718
916
141
312

1

12

46

2
5

14
66

54
97ft

977

9,893
9,905
5,390
7,346

51

7
5
1
2

800 12,909

1922

2

2

1

1922

2,757

4

*

1922

2
1

36 1,434
19
226
2
26

1
2
1
2
1

27
23
1
15
1

181
229
9
447
29

29

57

452

1
2

17
17

175
193

1

8

150

2

29

281

2
1
13

12
21
151

1

15

69

2

5

547
38
433

50

1,431

2
3

53
119

857
2,144

2
1
2

8
3
4

365
81
94

6,725
1,361
2,000

7
1

127 2,324
15
614

6
2

37
44

646
660

1

41

31

229 2,814

5

50

,801

532

46
617

1,127
8,833

2

62 1,070

2
3

37

321
191

1,620
10,598

4

195

5,023

2

53

2,004

2

.

6,350

15,425

1
7

261

1
12

2,006

1,320
205
1,926

1

184

3,077

94
16
118

6

6

125

5
1
5

183
41
80
126
270

2,784
594
1,529
5,275
11,305

1
1
2
6

1
2

67
120

1,125
2,309

1
8

81
519

2,561
12,856

4
2
1

18S
82
40

ft

1

41

621

2

40

455

3
1

118
26

3,778
328

2

35

895

1

21:

360

4,502

I
1

8
86

81
1,411

2,259
792

3
5
7

177
94
305

4,169
1,953
6,263

2

23

99

1

163

1,510

2

6

60

735

85 1,793

C o n t i n e n t al
U n ited S tates.
A la b a m a .
A rizo na.
A rk a n s as.
C alifo rn ia.
C olorado.
C o n n ecticu t.
D elaw are,
D ist. C o lu m b ia.
F lo rid a .
G eorgia.
Id ah o .
Illin o is.
In d ia n a .
Io w a.
K an sas.
K e n tu c k y .
L o u isia n a .
M a in e ;
M a ry la n d .
M a ssa c h u se tts.
M ic h ig a n .
M in n eso ta .
M ississip p i.
M isso u ri.
M o n ta n a .
N eb ra sk a .
N evada.
N ew H am p sh ire.
N ew Je rse y .
N e w M exico.
N ew Y o rk .
N o rth C a ro lin a .
N o rth D a k o ta .
Ohio,
O klah o m a.
O regon.
P e n n s y lv a n ia ,
R h o d e Is la n d .
S o u th C a ro lin a .
S o u th D a k o ta .
T en n essee.
T ex as.
U ta h .
V erm o n t.
V irg in ia .
W a sh in g to n ,
W e st V irg in ia .
W isco n sin .
W yo m in g .
o utlytn g

POSSESSIONS

1
1




58
56

555
864

1

2

11
? h 7 f lp in n f e Is­
la n d s.

98

EDUCATION

No, 93.— UNIVERSITIES, COLLEGES, AND PROFESSIONAL SCHOOLS:1 N

um ber

S tu d e n ts

Y e a r an d S ta te

N um ­
ber
of in
s titu tio n s

Professors a n d
in stru cto rs
P re p a ra to ry

M a le

F em ale

C o llegiate

G rad u ate

F em ale

M a le

M a le

F em a le

F e­
m a le

M a le

4

CONTINENTAL UNITED
STATES
1890...........................................
1900.........................................
1910...................__________
1920-.............. ..........................

657
664
602
670

6,834
14,646
21,813
34,111

1,084
3,674
2,854
8,771

29,630
3 4,814.
42,616
38,398

22,219
21,471
17,776
20,911

44,650
68,047
113,074
212,405

20,624
36,051
40,792
128,677

1,973
4,112
6,504
9,837

409
1,719
2,649
6,775

Total, 1922-..............

780

39,393

10,445

40,782

21,867

254, 514

160,292

15,046

7,970

329
69
171
1,806
420
679
60
932
112
755
127
2,782
842
1,160
676
499
558
193
1,116
2,744

121
27
105
548
123
41
16
78
71
298
40
635
294
443
268
163
115
19
166
564
199
342
160
403
45
212
18
8
48
14
1,087
343
85
579
187
177
596
17
183
103
180
474
95
24
236
106
68
293
29

656
0
589
1,603
733
69
133
26
400
2,183
179
3,781
197
2,066
1,158
1,342
354
30
614
1,688
784
2,514
582
1,692
288
1,266
0
200
331
236
4,257
885
412
2,413
951
472
3,481
17
343
538
1,303
1,093
1,309
93
488
644
126
1,233
30

277
0
461
849
122
2
0
18
148
795
110
1,770
505
530
316
1,039
257
0
351
158
322
626
427
1,309
38
707
0
0
14
31
2,578
680
235
536
732
364
788
0
302
240
745
1,528
858
0
594
89
107
275
44

2,786
783
1,275
10,587
4,001
3,613
273
3,948
744
4,147
924
16,495
8,220
7, 949
5,738
2,348
2,041
2,009
5,441
15,601
10,226
6,200
2,089
7,304
1,281
3,843
362
2,780
3,898
406
29,995
4,074
980
16,352
2,726

20
47
5
883
96
666
12
608
18
63
26
2,969
235
789
214
51
48
22
255
1,056
472
639
26
309
68
222
8
18
211
3
1,812
154
26
433
46
86
1,142
71
25
26
66
154
85
11
83
215
43
518
1

9
27
4
838
87
92
0
190
21
22
13
2,021
117
443
91
.3 2
46
7
89
546
122
186
0
98
19
197
17

3,766
22,202
1,682
2,825
1,114
2,924
7,745
1, 741
1,139
5,049
4,471
1,711
6,483
223

1,341
455
959
9,291
2,011
506
186
1,943
895
3,025
617
13,234
4,689
7,542
4,512
1,516
1,049
715
2,828
8,955
4,046
4*624
1,681
5,338
845
3,786
223
204
459
208
14,661
3,135
920
12,437
2,510
2,669
10,015
425
2,330
862
1,753
8,283
1,343
615
2,449
2,986
1,189
3,814
210

0
333

0
381

196
191

47
158

5
0

1
0

A la b a m a ______ - ...............
A r iz o n a ..- .............. .............
A rk a n s a s...................... ........
C a lifo rn ia ..............................
C olo rado.............................
C o n n e c tic u t. ......................
D e la w a re ....................... ..
D istric t o f C o lu m b ia .. .
F l o r i d a .................................
G e o rg ia -...............................
Id a h o .............. ..................... ^
Illin o is________ ______
I n d ia n a ..................................
Io w a ........................................
K a n s a s ........................ ........
K e n tu c k y .—.......................
L o u is ia n a ..............................
M a in e ...................................
M a r y la n d .................. ..........
M a ssa c h u se tts...................
M ic h i g a n ...........................
M in n e s o ta .........................
M ississip p i....... ...................
M is s o u ri............ ...................
M o n ta n a ........... ...................
N e b ra s k a ............................
N e v a d a ______ ______
N ew H a m p s h ir e .............
N ew J e r s e y ...... ...................
N ew M e x ic o __ _______
N ew Y o r k . . .......................
N o rth C a r o lin a .................
N o rth D a k o ta .................
O h io .............. .........................
O k lah o m a— .....................
O regon....... ..........................
P e n n s y lv a n ia .....................
R h o d e I s la n d .....................
S o u th C a ro lin a ..................
S o u th D a k o ta .....................
T en n essee.............................
T e x a s --------------------------U ta h ........................................
V erm o n t.............. .................
V irg in ia ..................................
W a s h in g to n ........................
W e st V ir g in ia .....................

Wisconsin

W y o m in g ..........................

12
1
12

31
8
5
1
10
4
24
4
48
22
26
18
19
8
5
15
30
17
17
11
37
5
13
1
3
11
'3
55
24
5
44
9
14
55
4
19
8
24
36
6
4
25
6
5
15
1

1,155
1,152
228
1,229
147
623
46
271
511
59
5,112
502
184
2,279
422
459
3,638
162
346
174
732
1,112
241
196
694
427
223
1,094
45

1

2
2
1,054
31

6

278
35
51
571
43
20
7
13
107
38
6
24
115
25
205
2

OUTLYING POSSESSIONS
H a w a ii....................................
P o rto R ic o ...........................

1
1

29
57

5

36

i

1Independent professional schools not included prior to 1920.




99

EDUCATION
AND S E X OF INSTRUCTORS AND STUDENTS, AND TO TAL W O R K IN G INCOME

S tu d e n ts—C o n tin u ed
A ll o th er
s tu d e n ts

P rofessional

M a leF e ­
m a le

M a le

16,342
29,334
3?; 903
63; 295

269
i;0 2 1
1' 338
-3,836

27,533

70,306

6,161

26,498

359
05
87
3,575
759
487
0
4,192
201
1,433
85
6,223
1,052
1,354
685
1,158
957
29
1,067
6,122
1,931
1,925
171
3,702
80
1,307
0
48
781
0
10,775
491
114
329
561
1,335
5,676
173
409
178
1.944
: 1,311
310
114
1,242
, 355
209
1,474
10

9
3
1
386
45

0
60

T o ta l en ro llm en t (ex c lu d ­
in g d u p lic a te s)

F e­
m ale

B o th
sexes

M a le

F e­
m ale

T o ta l
rece ip ts,
ex clu sive of
a d d itio n s to
en d o w m en t

D
ollars

38,326

156,449
197,163
274,084
521,754

102,618
136,297
200, 339
334,226

53,831
60,866
73,745
187, 528

77,873, 367
189^235,242

29,453

618, 555

402,036

216, 619

272,703,983

43
0
1,071
4
8
224
60
210
384
11
10
19
47
76
21
3
48
66
8
38
0

22
34
58
513
260
112
0
138
30
360
180
4,941
610
998
566
166
608
57
90
4,028
164
688
95
662
42
544
91
25
38
31
2,634
167
205
1,128
284
660
%
866
87
141
347
152
448
223
14
85
283
153
405
74

296
71
310
575
163
46
0
29
127
466
128
4,069
740
1,694
1,218
255
120
14
212
832
437
688
.188
1,314
139
1,112
25
9
56
10
1,344
1,161
416
2,579
521
818
2,128
17
515
576
622
1,344
266
8
464
128
253
879
71

5,628
1,369
3,521
28,541
7,955
5,667
604
11,256
2,657
12,414
2,092
53,281
16,108
22,685
13,504
8,064
5,381
2,865
11,614
39,395
18,293
17,473
6,101
20,131
2,723
12,392
726
3,276
5,830
903
69,715
10,307
3,225
37,620
8,224
9,788
47,880
2,511
6,785
3,539
9,099
21,951
6,079
2,002
10,291
9,339
3,396
14,934
622

3,814
862
1,923
16,818
5,641
4,903
418
8,816
1,359
8,098
1,241
32,531
10,113
12,651
7,869
4,978
3,903
2,142
8,044
28,451
13,481
U , 526
2,877
12,843
1,729
7,021
461
3,061
5,259
654
49,056
5,576
1, 727
22,646
4,464
5,928
34,360
2, 020
3,716
2,046
6,182
10, 705
3,605
1, 371
6,843
5,952
2,068
9,923
332

0
2

70
0

85
9

404
1,125

271
584

23
0
276
7
8
3
633
43
59
46
301
57
0
86
453
86
89
5
130
16
47
0

0

Y e a r a n d S ta te

CONTINENTAL UNITED
STATES
1890.
1900.
1910.
1920.
Total, 1922.

2,482, 470 A la b a m a .
1,814
1,129, 592 A rizo n a.
607
1,598
1,687,186 A rk a n s as.
14,320,148 C alifo rn ia .
11, 723
2,314
2,817,511 C olo rado .
664
7,542,568 C o n n e cticu t.
474,401 D elaw are.
186
1,881,521 D istric t of C o lu m b ia .
2,440
1,198
1,407,088 F lo rid a .
4 ,006,660 G eorgia.
4,316
851
1,241,216 Id ah o .
15,994,660 Illin o is.
20,760
5,995
6,220,619 I n d ia n a .
10,034
8,9 4 6,255 Io w a.
5,635
6,695,269 K an sa s.
3,086
2,968,635 K e n tu c k y .
3,3 2 5,122 L o u isia n a .
1,478
1,401,372 M a in e .
723
■ 3,570
7,521,773 M a r y la n d .
10,944
19,734,128 M a ssa c h u se tts.
4,812
10,152,162 M ic h ig a n ,
9,373,337 M in n e s o ta .
5,948
2,224
2,605,459 M ississip p i.
7,288
6,441,074 M isso u ri.
994
2,038,741 M o n ta n a .
3,910,540 N e b ra sk a .
5,371
265
475,084 N e v a d a .
214
2,406,010 N ew H a m p sh ire.
571
3,298,621 N e w Je rs e y .
249, ,
653,168 N e w M exico .
20,659
31,516,410 N ew Y o rk .
6,139,382 N o rth C a ro lin a .
4,731
1,498
1,791,219 N o rth D a k o ta .
14,974
13,148,723 Ohio.
3,760
3,305,688 O klaho m a.
3,860
3, 70<V833 " Oregon.
13,490
19,226, 663 P e n n s y lv a n ia .
491
l,3 tfe 3 9 0 R h o d e Isla n d .
3,069
2,884,317 S o u th C a ro lin a .
1,877,711 S o u th D a k o ta .
1,493
3,375,397 T en nessee.
2,917
11,246
9 ,352> 509 ’ T e x a s .
2,474
1,572,512, U ta h .
1 , 197r 745i V erm o n t.
631
5,474, 770 V irg in ia .
3,448
3,749,905 W ash in gto n .
3,387
1,328
3,215,808 W est V irg in ia .
5,011
8,098,710 W isco n sin .
290
622,301 W yo m in g .

OUTLYING POSSESSIONS

Source: Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior.



133
541

318,438
301,386

H a w a ii.
P orto R ico . -

100

EDUCATION

No. 9 4 .— UNIVERSITIES, COLLEGES, AND PROFESSIONAL SCHOOLS; H u m b e r
o f S t u d e n t s P u r s u in g S p e c if ie d P r o f e s s io n a l C o u r s e s , 1 921-22, b y S t a t e s
V eteri­
n ary
m ed ic in e

P h arm acy

D e n tis tr y

C o n t in e n t a l
U n ite d
S ta te s............. 116 7,355 1,211 110 25,466 1,551
~
A la b a m a ....................... ~ 2
A rizona
A rk a n s as
2
8
C a lifo rn ia ____ ____
D nlnradn
__
_
•
C o n n e cticu t
1
D ela w a re
2
D is t. o f C o lu m b ia —
F lo rid a
3
G eo rgia..........................
IdfthO
Illin o is _ . .
I n d ia n a ___ ____
Io w a ......... ......................
K a n sa s___________
4
K e n tu c k y
L o u is ia n a _________
M a in e
M a r y la n d ......... ...........
M a ssa c h u se tts
M ic h ig a n ____ T
M in n e so ta ____ „ „
M ississip p i _ ._
M is s o u r i......................
M o n tan a,.
N e b ra s k a _________
N evada
.... . . .
N e w H a m p s h ir e .. _
N ew Jersey—
_____N ew M ex ic o
N ew Y o r k ...................
N o rth C a ro lin a ____
N o rth D a k o ta
O hio................................
O k lah o m a

1

6 1,484
3 '286

117
12

3
1

7 § i 145
99 10

199

14

1

154

201
7
5

3

0

6 2,531
2
201
4
374

2

365

358
5
17
0

1
51
9 2,125
3 **497
2
367
2
371

1
81
12
12
25

5 1,933 185
1
328 13
312 . 18
1
1
147 10

164
315

6
14

1
463
4 2,890

27
227

2
672
3
869
1
66
4 1,240
1
47

20
30
2
56
3

54
205

0
.62

134

0

1

70

0

264

521

288

1
2
8

29
86
246

0
0
o

3

158

0

5

636

37

3

38

2

1

20
426

0
6

11 714

i

3
8

2
1

413

6

63

480
0
2
32
4

376

£

2

96

26

1

1

375

1

2

94

0

1 18 0

1
1
2
2
1

34
253
'95
184
89 ,

2
12
13
17
10

1 163 0
1 84 0
1 67 0

2

724 17

1

256

0

1
1

1
162 6
325 15 > 2

132
212

0
6

1
2

179
105

1
22

2
£

594 58
957 33

2
2

435 2
629 10

1
1

89
350

4
47

757 40
2
1
397 32
1
49 2
6 1,053 32

1
1

399 11
400 4

A
1

3

631

4

1
l
1

71
111
56
102
33

15
23
1
1
13

2

2

305

1

2

155

20

1

140

11

—
r

5 1,658 138
1
69 i 3
1
5
38
6 487 50
1 160 18

2 90 2

396 18
28

0

O regon...........................
P e n n s y lv a n ia ...........
R h o d e I s la n d ..
Sm ith C a ro lin a
S o u th D a k o ta ............

2
11

144
543

141
24

3
4

261
720

19
27

3

92

6

I
1

9
82

1
3

1
1

104
46

T en n essee.....................
T e x a s..............................
U ta h ...............................
V e rm o n t.......................
V ir g in ia _
.........

3
a

137
304

o
9

4
2
1

546
421
123

11
15
5

4

589

13

3
2
1
1
2

486 8
349 18
57 1
114 3
307 25

2
1
2
1

190
• 71
410
10

6
2
12
0

x

1Q4 2
309 n

0

W o m en

2

91
35

49

M en

541 14

1 78 0

9

806
85

2

| W o m en

44
19

11
1

W a sh in g to n ................
W e s t V ir g in ia ............
W isco n sin . . .
W y o m in g
. _

16 718 3

2 ; 1 c44 0

230
50

135
0

0

61

2
2

39

163

59 7,890 812

1

807 27
246 4

2

2

GO

l

0 __ _ - - - - -

2

9 4,694
2
242
1
28
6
654
1
191

48 11,579 194

i>
u bfO
35
J i
w-Pi

3
1

“T1

369

M en

Schools re­
p o rtin g

74 15,769 978

6
3

1

3

4

I

166
66

25

12 1,177
2
29
4 151
1 a

M en

Schools re­
p o rtin g

W om en

1

M en

Schools re­
p o rtin g

M en
1 .

S ta te s

Schools re­
p o rtin g

j

M e d ic in e

Schools re­
p o rtin g
|M e n
j

L aw

T h eo lo gy

4 1,426 36
8 2,077 i5 e
2
121 i
X
41 i u
4 566 10
3
618 46
1
114 3
x
138 16
5 1,343 51

2

Source: B u re a u of E d u c a tio n , D ep a rtm en t of th e In terio r.

1 576 1
3 1,588 36

5
0
3
2

658
172

7
5

2 217 33
3 1,267 124
1
173 11
1
184
1
50 16
2
2

136
130

17
12

1 32 0
1 40 0

1 7 0
1 86 0
1 1 0
1 31 0

1 12 0

,
1

103

1 1 564

3

1

r80

7

4

2
1
1

145
34
85

59
4
11

1 20 1

N ote.—Porto Rico has one school of law with GOmen and 2 women students, and one school of pharmacy
with 34 men and 22 women.



E D U C A TIO N

101

RSIXIES, COLLEGES, AND PROFESSIONAL SCHOOLS :

N & *05*-

L<)W SH IPS, AND SC H O LA B SH IR B r B Y

States

Continental United
S ta te s ........... ....

Alabama........................

Value of
libraries,
Volumes scientific Value of
in
apparatus,
libraries machin­ grounds
ery, and
furniture

P roperty,

19 2 1-2 2

i
Value O 1 H
f
buildings Value of
dor­
(includingAo*; mitories
mitones)

Prodilctive
funds

Fellowand
scholar­
ships

D
ollars

Dollars
D ollars
D ollars
Dollars
2 9 ,8 70,601 140,900,406 146,853,773 522,924,785 9 2 ,9 8 5 ,6 16 69 9 ,2 13 ,4 5 2

2 3,023

Arkansas! ~ ____ ______. . . .

California....... ....... ...........
Colorado. ........ ....... ........ .

247.200
43,870
97,087
1,2 3 5 ,6 0 6
367.200

1 ,0 1 1 ,3 6 3
342.50Q
715 ,4 8 1
6 ,8 5 1,9 8 2
1,9 0 2 ,5 9 6

94 1,5 6 8 4 , 6 ^ ,1 9 2 1 ,4 1 2 ,1 1 5 2 ,8 8 7 ,4 8 9
407,242
410 800
475.500
1,1 * 7 ,5 0 0
966,791
1,1 1 7 ,7 4 3
2 ,9 7 4 ,3 8 8
31030
5 ,5 0 0 ,13 4 2 6 ,6 7 0 ,4 2 2 2 ,8 2 1,2 7 8 5 0 ,026,038
1,064* Ip7 5 ,17 3 ,5 8 2
19 5 ,4 8 9 2 ,6 8 5 ,6 2 3

136
23
35
455

Connecticut........ .....
Delaware.......... .
District of Columbia.
Florida......................
Georgia.....................

1,7 6 5 ,0 0 0
2 7,700
645,900
9 6 ,10 0
297,120

3 ,4 7 3 ,0 3 2
33 8 ,12 2
875,997
4 9 0,184
1 ,8 2 4 ,4 10

4 ,9 7 6 ,2 7 0

18 ,8 9 0 ,7 8 3 10 ,6 9 6 ,2 4 1 3 9 ,17 7 ,8 6 5
396,664
3 7 1.0 0 0
1,1 7 3 ,0 9 0
5 .8 0 7 .2 4 5 1 ,0 0 7 ,8 3 7 4 ,4 5 1,5 0 8
i , ^ r .
7 18 ,13 0 2 ,0 0 8 ,4 9 3
9 4 6,100
690.000
3 ,2 3 2 ,0 5 2 8 ,3 8 8 ,6 3 3 2 ,2 3 5 ,0 1 7 3,9 0 7 ,6 6 6

1,1 5 5

Idaho__

68,744
578,516
269.500 1,8 2 5 ,6 0 0
1 ,3 0 9 ,0 0 0
208,000
2 ,1 1 8 ,8 9 9 10 ,0 2 9 ,5 2 9 11 ,8 7 7 ,9 0 2 3 0 ,3 9 8 ,1 8 2 3 ,9 14 ,3 4 3 5 0 ,3 3 1 ,1 5 2
1,8 0 4 ,5 8 3 10 ,4 7 5 ,4 0 6 1 ,3 7 1 ,8 7 1 9 ,7 4 5 ,1 7 0
735,667 3 ,0 2 1 ,8 1 2
7 11,8 6 9 5 ,0 8 4 ,1 0 8 3 ,4 5 8 ,6 1 4 14 ,7 6 4 ,7 3 9 2 ,4 0 0 ,3 4 0 12 ,5 2 2 ,8 5 1
779,909 3,9 3 8 ,4 7 4
48 9 ,8 16 3 ,6 3 6 ,1 2 8 2 ,3 4 2 ,1 8 7 7 ,10 3 ,4 2 1

4
3 ,8 5 1
620
784
194
331
483

449,923
3 ,4 1 6 ,3 1 6

1,1 9 5 ,2 4 3
6 ,1 3 3 ,0 2 1 1,7 7 8 ,6 6 7 6 ,8 3 1 ,1 2 2
1,7 1 0 ,6 8 1
624,384 5 ,9 10 ,4 3 4
1,4 7 2 ,9 0 4 1,4 5 5 ,4 8 3 3 .8 9 1.6 4 8
3 6 1,9 1 4 5 ,5 9 9 ,6 1 6
878,048
19 7 ,0 0 6 4 ,2 4 6 ,5 2 3
3 .2 0 8 .7 0 6 3 .5 8 8 .4 5 0 19 ,8 8 3 ,5 2 9 1 ,6 7 6 ,0 9 6 1 9 ,3 7 7 ,6 16
8 ,5 1 2 ,1 4 1 10 ,6 9 2 ,6 8 4 5 0 ,657,243 12 ,2 2 4 ,7 917106,677,245
7

8 14 ,1 9 2
1,1 8 2 ,8 3 4
129,548
' 838,554
94,596

5 ,4 17 ,0 8 2
6 ,0 3 4 ,5 1 8
1,0 4 9 ,2 6 9
4 ,3 8 4 ,1 5 3
713 ,14 7

4 ,6 40,902 12 ,7 7 0 ,2 5 0 1,2 7 2 ,4 8 8 4 ,6 3 9 ,1 9 6
4 ,1 8 8 ,8 9 2 14 ,7 2 4 ,9 2 2 3 ,1 7 5 ,3 1 5 9,25 5 ,3 5 9
956,480 5 ,4 7 1,7 9 7
1,9 1 6 ,2 0 0
3 .5 9 8 .4 5 0 1 3 ,3 0 8 ,6 12 3 ,0 4 8 ,5 9 9 18 ,8 1 1 ,5 6 5
230.000 1,6 0 3 ,9 8 2
367,973 2 ,14 9 ,9 5 9

170
354
28
714
148

266,163
37,125
224,587
953,129
50,562

2 ,2 7 2 ,7 6 1
250,759
789,085
910,643
540,554

2 ,4 2 3 ,1 2 8

6 ,4 8 7 ,6 3 8
375,800 4,463,365
338,402
626,268
7 2 ,5 16
5 ,3 1 1 ,0 8 3 1 ,8 4 7 ,9 7 2 7 ,0 0 1,5 4 6
556,500 20,784,888
4 ,2 9 & 4 2 5
15 3 ,14 5
193,645
8 4 9 ,13 2

56
36
534

Arizona.-................... ....

IlH
nnift_

Indiana.

lowfcv----

Kansas_
Kentucky........ .
Louisiana_____
Maine.............. .
Maryland........ .
Massachusetts...
Michigan...
Minnesota..
Missouri..
Montana.
Nebraska............
Nevada.............
New HampshireNew Jersey____
New Mexico-......
New York...............
North Carolina___ ^
N o rth D a k o ta ______

Ohio____ ^ _____ „
Oklahoma.^...........
Oregon.........................

P e n n s y lv a n ia ................. ........

Rhode Island..................
South Carolina..... ..........
South Dakota................
Tennessee.
Texas........
T Jtah ............

Vermont..
Virginia. __
Washington..................

W Virginia__ ____
est
Wisconsin. ........... ............
Wyoming. ..........
OUTLYING POSSESSIONS
Hawaii.....
Porto Rico.

275,349
204,298

110,000
11& 940
1,3 8 7 ,9 6 2
229,475

3 ,596,525 15 ,2 2 8 ,2 2 4 2 5 ,6 6 1,4 5 2 6 6 ,4 4 9 ,9 8 3 0 ,9 5 9 ,7 8 7 113 ,0 0 3 ,3 2 6
1,637, 148 9 ,6 5 2 ,8 3 7 2 ,3 6 4 ,7 6 9 3 ,2 8 2 ,0 9 5
304,748 2 ,0 14 ,6 4 4
384,251 2 , 002,011
2 8 4 ,12 5 5 ,15 0 ,5 4 2
129,700 1,1 6 9 ,2 6 0
1,4 8 4 ,9 3 9 8 ,0 6 5 ,4 7 3 8 ,9 0 5 ,0 0 2 2 5 ,9 2 3 ,8 4 9 3 ,7 1 5 ,8 4 3 2 6 ,1 0 $ 668
520.000 6 ,4 7 6 ,0 9 1
106,330 1,3 4 6 ,3 5 3
298,945 4 , 575V 676
2,0 6 9 ,2 2 5
3 3 2,100
3 0 3 ,12 1
124,683

870,972 3 ,6 8 7 ,1 0 5
1,5 7 6 ,4 3 7
1,3 5 6 ,6 3 1 4 .9 4 7 .6 4 9
1 4 ,0 0 6 ,2 14 14 ,9 5 5 ,2 7 8 4 2 ,9 3 1 ,1 1 9 6 ,8 6 7 ,6 1 9 62,5 9 9 ,6 5 8
7 ,1 1 9 , 567
110,000
3 4 2 ,6 18
ooo
1,8 7 3 ,8 8 1 3 ,6 1 1 ,9 9 8 8 ,9 5 9 ,4 9 0 1 ,6 1 1 ,7 2 4 2 ,7 4 4 ,4 0 2
470,649 2 ,6 7 1 ,9 2 1
797,322 2 ,5 8 4 ,0 0 2
704,062

318,455
519,566
14 7,135
193,409
473,968

1,8 0 5 ,7 6 5
4 ,8 2 1,8 7 6
8 6 5 ,19 6
572,005
2 ,0 3 1,9 3 4

2,6 4 0 ,6 0 5 7 ,2 0 3 ,0 5 5 2 ,3 5 0 ,1 2 1 9 ,9 5 0 ,2 0 5
2 ,8 7 4 ,8 4 6 16 ,2 8 5 ,6 2 7 4 ,2 6 2 ,6 2 0 23,4 5 7 ,9 6 9
ISooo 575 267
264,967 2 ,7 3 8 ,7 3 7
2 .6 9 5 .2 4 6
3 ,5 7 0 .0 9 3
153, m
2 ,0 27,407 11,781^ 656 2 ,3 ^ 6 4 4 9 ,6 8 2 ,0 7 6

4 0 1,1 8 6
103,534
8 12 ,13 8
52,969

1,5 7 6 ,6 17
9 28,455
3.9 2 4 .7 0 7
2 42,312

1,9 9 9 ,5 8 8 5 ,6 7 8 ,1 1 7
1,1 9 9 ,0 0 0
19 9,700
1 , 88fc500
3 ,9 2 3 ,2 1 0 1 1 ,7 4 $ 787 1,7 0 8 ,3 7 7
225,000
194,700 1,2 4 6 ,5 0 0

33,435
7 ,0 0 0

232,312
149,922

369,711
55,900

Source: Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior.



337,608
235,350

9 ,3 0 1,8 6 5

m

*
10 ,6 2 0

202
8

395

&

1,7 4 9

714

2 ,4 8 0

482
47
706

110
1,8 6 3
191

220
140
43
379
423
57
47

270

2

10
10

EDUCATION

102

Vo. 9 6 .— NURSE TRAINING AND COMMERCIAL SCHOOLS, SCHOOL YEAR
1920, AND SUMMER AND REFORM SCHOOLS, SCHOOL YEAR 1 9 1 8 : B t
S

tates

[N o te .—S u m m e r schools a re c h ie fly tho se ru n b y u n iv e rs itie s , co lleges, a n d n o rm a l schools]
N u rse -tra in in g
schools

C om m ercial
schools

S u m m e r sch oo ls

R efo rm schools

S ta te
Schools S tu d e n ts Schools S tu d e n ts Schools S tu d e n ts Schools S tu d e n ts
1,755

54,953

902

336,039

480

160,411

135

63,762

A la b a m a .............................................
A riz o n a ...............................................
A rk a n s as............................................
^C alifo rn ia...........................................
C olo rado.............................................

26
' 2
16
68
20

537
40
210
3,051
661

12
3
7
50
14

1 ,886
359
1.448
20,223
4,941

12
1
2
18
10

2,907
230
586
7,131
2,255

2
1

665
178

3
2

1,513
650

C o n n e cticu t....... .......................... ..
D e la w a re ....................................
D istric t o f C o lu m b ia ...................
F lo r id a ...............................................
G eo rg ia................................................

25
3
14
12
32

1,148
44
1,208
178
738

28
1
12

10

6,199
1,676
11,650
1,328
2,700

5
2
4
4
5

936
221
806
1,116
1,634

3
2
2
2
2

993
234
798
365
378

I d a h o ...................................................
I l l i n o i s . . . . . .............. .................
I n d ia n a ....................................1___
I o w a .....................................................
K a n sa s...............................................

7
114
32
50
42

108
4,004
1,017
1,772
651

4
62
35
27
24

1,201
26,038
9/578
7 589
7,179

3
37
23
21
8

691
14,744
8,223
6,689
5,859

1
8
3
2
4

270
5,621
1,978
810
878

K e n tu c k y ................................... ..
L o u i s i a n a .. ., __ . . . . . T.............
M a in e..................................................
M a r y la n d ...........................................
M assach u setts..................................

23
14
28
26
96

417
565
508
903
4,687

9
11
13
7
44

2,241
4 727
1,918
21903
15,356

3
8
9
3
25

941
3,268
612
474
4,442

2
1
8
6
9

1,466
146
462
> 2,844
2,386

M ic h i g a n .* ...,................ ...............
M in n eso ta.................................
M ississip p i...................... .................
M is s o m i:...:::.:...
M o n ta n a .........................................

44
57
22
48
14

1,851
2,266
308
1,522
292

23
25
5
24
8

8.934
% 600
' '951
11,256
2,741

13
16
2
11
4

6,119
4,595
1,309
5,497
873

5
3

3,1284
1,433

4
1

i ,6 3 i
237

N e b r a s k a . . , . , ................................
N e v a d a ............. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
N ew H a m p s h ir e ................. ...........
N ew J e r s e y . ...................
N ew M ex ico . ........................... ..

33
1
23
46
2

726
9
399
1,329
3

14
1
8
31
3

1 4 ,1 4 6
230
1,004
14,573

10
1
2
6
2

3,942
70
166
762
1,021

2
1
1
6
1

550
25
288
3,317
51

. N ew Y o r k . . ......................... ..........
N o rth C a r o lin a ...............................
N o rth D a k o ta -................................
O h io .....................................................
O k lah o m a........................ .................

161
53
15
81
25

6,433
788
384
2,508
427

92
8
8
55
1.8

37;508
1,242
2,614
16,395
4,863

30
12
5
29
10

13,116
2,914
905
10,698
7,351

15
1

9,692
*138

3
1

5,734
302

O r e g o n ...,........................................
P e n n s y lv a n ia ..................................
R h o d e I s la n d ..................................
S o u th C a ro lin a ...............................
S o u th D a k o t a . ..............................

13
183
11
23
18

334
6,119
573
436
288

6
72
6

3,198
48*538
2,928
802
1,448

5
22

1,411
3,391

2
9

1,269
2,012

2
7
2
1
1

332
5,859
1,096
248
165

T en n essee-.........................................
T e x a s ....................................................
U ta h .....................................................
V e rm o n t.............................................
V irg in ia ...............................................

22
40
7
14
37

12
27
3

3,538
f 9,024
1,576
239
2,498

10
21
3
4
12

4,230
9,766
1,090
737
3,279

1

274
1 ,m

W a sh in g to n ......................................
W e s t V ir g in ia ..................................
W isco n sin ................................. ........
W y o m in g ...........................................

26
33
39
5

619
1,103
273
212
809 . .
805
527
1,046
117

*' 7,8 3 4
,1 ,7 2 2
4,586
305

9

15

3,553
1,230
5,064
276

U n ited S ta te s................

*

6

5

2

19

6

23;
3

Source: Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior.




11

1

2
1
1

3

5

2
4

1

m

389
68°
1,581
754
- 1,344
61

ED U C A T IO N

103

No. 9 7 — SCHOOLS FOR THE BLIND, THE DEAF; AND THE FEEBLE-MINDED,
SCHOOL TEAR 1922
I n stitu tio n s for th e feeble-m in ded

P riv a te
schools

S ta te
in s titu ­
tio n s

Schools

Schools

1
2
1
1

2
126
96
6$

1
1
1
1
1

C o n n e cticu t____________
D e la w a re _______________
D istric t of C o lu m b ia ____
F lo rid a _________________
G eo rgia_________________

1

60

2

1
1

53
106

1
1
1
1
1

20
45
163
114
99

1
1
1
1
1

62
436
321
231
197

K e n tu c k y ______________
L o u is ia n a _______ ____ _
M a in e _
M a r y la n d ._____________
M a s s a c h u s e tts ......................

2
1
1
2
1

119
71
32
134
298

2
1
1
2
2

331
165
98
200
210

M ic h ig a n __ ............................
M in n e s o ta ____ ____ ____
M is s is s ip p i_____________
M isso u ri.....................................
M o n t a n a ____.____ _____

2
3
1

182
107
81

1

20

1
1
1
1
1

216
32
334
179
121

304
273
181
287
66

In m a tes

679

51 38,761

185

1

25

P u p ils

18

163
153
235

Id a h o __________________
Illin o is............ ................. ...........
I n d ia n a ^ _______________
I o w a . ___________ _____
K an sa s_____________ ___

74 3,911

260

2
1
2

Schools

61 10,73$

P u p ils

A la b a m a ..................................
A riz o n a . __................................
A rk a n sas_______________
C a lifo rn ia .............. ...............
C o lo rad o _______________

Schools

C on tinen tal U n ited
S t a t e s . . ..................... 63 4,915

P u p ils

P u p ils

Schools

S ta te s

P riv a te
in s titu ­
tio n s

P u b lic
day
schools

Schools

P u b lic
day
schools

P u p ils

S ta te
schools

C itie s rep o rt­
in g schools

Schools for th e d eaf
Schools
for th e
b lin d

1

133 23,262

30

1,386

478
25

1

18

v

1
3
4
1

319

12

1

136

49
18

'

1
2

321
253

2
1

1
1

6

596
50

2

56

2

325

4
1
6

254
136
255

2

81

1

60

360

1

166

1
1

155
58

245
1
1 2,289
1 1,456
1 1,706
759
2-

58

1
1
1

442
98
383

1

1
2
1

46
11

3

3*387

14

2,7C9

3

46

1,692
2,100

8
32

4,143
1,960

3
1

114
37

852
92

2

26

2

362

10
4

315
92

1

33

1
1

2

136

2

113

1
1

577
144

2
2

1
1
4

706
432
2,247

1

252

22

2,400

N e b ra s k a _ _ _________
_ _
N ew H a m p sh ire ________
N ew J e r s e y _____________
N ew M exico
.
____
N ew Y o r k .____ ________

1

62

1

180

1

15

3
1
6

63
78
492

1

225

2

110

3

107

6

1,573

3

430

2

79

6

5,407

8

1,751

4

140

N o rth C a ro lin a _______ . . .
N o rth D a k o ta __________
O hio..................... ........................
O k la h o m a______ ____ _
O regon______ ________ _

1
1
5
1
X

198
35
356
129
47

2
1

104
109

1

7

288

1
1

1

1

28

1'
331
1 3,659
1
346
1
678

1,037

1

18
15

7

302

P e n n s y lv a n ia ______ _
R h o d e I s la n d .......... ...............
So u th C a r o lin a ____ _ .
So u th D a k o ta __________
T en n e ssee.................................

2

412

1,105
107
177
74
257

48

4,686
421

4

> 92

1

1

4,394
396
108

6
2

79
30
189

5
1
2
1
1

2

2
1
1

T ex as__________________
U ta h ......................................
V erm o n t................ ...................
V ir g in ia ________________

2
1

324
34

40

1
1
1
1

241
92
172
575

1
1

21
24

98

571
128
39
269

2

2

2
1
1
2

2

588

W a sh in g to n ....... ......................
W est V irg in ia __________
W isco n sin ______________
W y o m in g _____________ .

1
1
3

59
78
157

1
1
1

122
186
155

4

112

1

881

2

167

22

412

2
1

1,260
136

4

202

1

84

3
1
1

•I

%

20

i

116

2

422

_■■!■■
■
Source: B u re a u of E d u c a tio n , D e p a rtm en t of th e In terio r.

Note.—P orto R ico h a s one school for th e b lin d w ith 32 p u p ils a n d one p r iv a te school for t h e d eaf w it h 37
p u p ils.


105496°*—s a 1923------ 9


ED U C A T IO N

104

No. 98.— SCHOOLS FOB THE BUNS, THE DEAF, AND THE FEEBLE-MINDED,
CONTINENTAL DNITED STATES:1900-1922
N u m b er of schools

N u m b e r of p u p ils

N u m b er of teach ers
1922
1910

F e­
m a le

'631
1,498
1,208
189
101

201
409
379
11
19

520
1,492
1,035
340
117

4,021
11,014
9,787
749
478

4,323
12, 546
10,399
1,508
639

2,707
7,589
5,757
1,487
345

2,208
6,739
4,981
1,424
334

304
248

340
270

17,570
16,678

70

i,? 7 6
409
1,237
129

10,217
9,792

56

181
83
84
14

426

892

84,384
19,197
14,480
707

27,830
19,564
7,587
679

1910

37
114
66
41
17

48
130
57
53
20

63
154
61
74
19

437
1,184
1,012
99
73

29
19

41
25

10

Schools for th e b lin d ___
Schools for th e d eaf, totalS t a t e ................................
C it y d a y schools___
P riv a te .............. .............
Schools
for f e e b le ­
m in d e d S n d flubnorn o rm al, to ta l,...................
S t a t e ................................
C it y d a y sch oo ls___
P r iv a t e ..........................

1922

M a le

1922

1900

1900

1900

16

214
51
133
30

1910

Fe*
m a le

M a le

So u rce: B u re a u of E d u c a tio n , D ep artm en t of th e In terio r,

No. 99.—VOCATIONAL EDUCATION:
S

ch o o ls

and

T

T

eacher

each ers

-T

and

r a in in g

C

P

u p il s

in

V

o c a t io n a l

o u r se s

[N ote.—D a ta r e la te o n ly to in s titu tio n s F e d e ra lly a id ed u n d e r v o ca tio n a l e d u c a tio n a c tl
f

P u p ils

T each ers
C la ss of school or
co urse
1918

1920

5,257
3,236
2,021
2,085
827
2,345

7,669 10,068 12,343 14,453
4,992 6, 530 7,447 8,629
2,677 3. 538 4,896 5,829
2,565 3,321 4,451 5,517
1,773 2 ,578 3,163 3 ,619
3,331 4 ,167 4,729 5,264
58
1,670 2,071 2,290 3,012
1,568 2,071 2,290 3, Oil
1
2
28
42
400
86
119
103
1,570 1,957 2,145 2,435
58
4 ,482 5,938 6 ,910 7,814
3 ,4 0 8 4,447 5,113 6,576
1 ,054 1,491 1,797 2,038
1,779 2,240 2,674 2,841
1,636 2 ,392 2,815 3,220
350
533
705
737

1921

1922

1923

lm

1918

1920

1921

164*186
101,139
63,047
68,693
53,005
42,488

265,058
163,228
101,830
73,122
122,974
68,962

324,247
192,306
131,941
84,918
150,963
88,366

475,828
259,287
216*541

15,453
14,107
1,286

31,301
29,351
1,950

15,453

31,301

43,352
40,559
2,793
1,139
1,450
40,763

60,236
57,278
2,958
1,333
5,942
52,961

117,934
86,943
30,991
46,333
53,005
53,005

184,819
133,872
60,947
48,354
115,241
17,159

217,500
151,747
65,753
51,823
140,635
20,978

296,884
201,991
94,893
66,477
199,017
33,106

538*528
283,103
253,425
157,874
253,728
123,015
1,911
71,298
67,900
3,398
9,319
2,090
57,978
1,911
325,889
215,192
110,697
69,856
^ 221,932
37,931

18,596
30,799
29
30,770
22,360

119,657
25,042
63,395

8,439

98,082
21,224
48,938
5
48,933
24,768
7,733
16,437

63,395
31,956
8,878
22,561

165,911
31,390
118,708
18
118,690
66,025
23,696
28,987

184,001
34,101
139,341
11
139*330
78,699
29,706
30,936

6.589
(l )
h
1,534
1,101
3,319

12,456
6,985
5,471
2,310
6,150
3,652

16,824
9,707
7,117
3,470
8,002
5,299

18,771
11,626
7,145
4,049
8,737
6,376

20,738
13,514
7,224
5,087
9,654
5,997

635

344

53

609

1928

VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS
Total, a l l c la s s e s ..........
M a le ................................
F e m a le ..........................
E v e n in g .___ *___
P a r t t im e _________
A ll d a y . . . . .................
S h o rt-u n it course
A g ric u ltu ra l.....................
M a l e . . - .......................
F e m a le . T..............
E v e n in g ........................
P a r t t im e .....................
A ll d a y ..........................
S h o rt-u n it co u rse.
T ra d e a n d in d u s t r ia l.
M a le ........................—
F e m a le ............. ............
E v e n in g ........................
P a r t tim e , t o t a l ___
T ra d e e x te n s io n ..
G en eral co n tin u a ­
tio n _____ _____
A ll d a y ..........................
H om e econo m ics...........
M a le .. .......................
F e m a le ......... .................
E v e n in g ........................
P a r t t im e _______
A ll d a y ..........................

895
895

896
3 ,276
2,329
947
1,397
827
827

398

1,286
1,047
1,637
16
1,621
786
137
714

1,859
1,306
2,057
12
2,045
1,053
too
904

2,110
1,421
3,143
44
3,099
1,735
245
1,163

2,483
1,553
3,832
42
3,790
2,276
280
1,276

524
0)
h
lie
96
263

1,082
657
425
293
359
414

1,143
712
431
285
399
459

1,196
768
428
252
451
452

1,033
605
428
265
345
423

50

16

1,052
1,986
12
1,074
688

133,835
228,655
113,338

TEACHER-TRAINING
COURSES
Total, a l l c la s s e s ..........
M a le — ..........................
F e m a le ........................ ..
I n a g ric u ltu re ............
T ra d e a n d in d u s t r y
H o m e eco n o m ics. . _
O ther a n d n o t sp eci­
fie d ..............................

41

Sou rce: F e d e
ra l B o ard for V o catio n al E d u c a tio n .
1 N ot rep o rted s e p a ra te ly b y sex.


I.................

E D U C A T IO N

105

No, 100,—VOCATIONAL EDUCATION: P upils Enrolled in V ocational

C ourses by S tates
[N ote .—D ata re la te o n ly to in s titu tio n s f e d e ra lly a id e d u n d e r V o catio n al E d u c a tio n A ct]
1923

T o ta l n u m b e r
S t a t e a n d d iv isio n
19 18

19 2 0

19 2 1

19 2 2

1923

M a le

F e­
m ale

A g ri­ T ra d e H om e
c u ltu ­ a n d in ­ eco ­
d u s­
ra l
t r ia l nom ics

U n ited S t a t e s .............. . . . . 164,186 365,058 324,247 476,828 536,528 283,108 253,425 7 1,2 9 8 325,889 139,341
H ew E n g la n d ........................... . . . 9 9 ,4 16 88,753 37,240 64,789 62,980 25 ,3 8 1 37,699
M a i n e . - ......... .............................
724
591
1,7 4 3 1 ,0 6 4 1,6 9 6 1 ,1 7 7 1 ,3 1 5
507
424
394
N e w H a m p s h ire .___________
741
468
394
V e r m o n t ..__________________
423
129
631
130
225
308
83
M a s s a c h u s e tts -......................... 19,027 23,086 28,866 60,066 56,309 2 1,5 0 9 34,800
711
930
864 1 ,0 6 1 2 ,14 3
R h o d e I s la n d ,................ *.........
888 1,2 5 5
6,563 2 ,7 4 3 5 ,261 1,8 8 7 2 ,5 1 1 1 ,9 1 6
695
C o n n e c tic u t..* ..........................

1,8 2 7 87,994 23 ,15 9
157
436
m
193
201
83
225
794 34 ,5 2 0 20,995
984 1,0 2 6
133
188 2 ,1 3 2
19 1

M id d le A tla n tic * ______________ 74,833 7 8 ,661
N e w Y o r k _______ _________ __ 8 ,3 5 0 1 8 ,1 8 5
N e w J e rs e y .................................
9 ,433 8 ,3 1 1
P e n n s y lv a n ia ................... ......... 66,540 5 2 ,16 5

5,679
1,9 4 0
951
2 ,7 8 8

E ast W orth C e n tr a l...................... 3 1,9 9 1
8 ,7 3 6
O h io ........................... ...................
I n d ia n a ............. ...........................
7 ,7 6 5
1,8 5 5
Illin o is -* .......................................
M ic h ig a n ...................................... 6 ,6 18
W is c o n s in .......... *....................*
7 ,0 17
W e s t W orth C e n t r a l .......................

M in n e s o ta _____ _______ „ .* .
I o w a . . . ........................................ .
M is s o u r i...........................................
N o rth D a k o ta ................................
S o u th D a k o ta _______ ______
N e b ra s k a .........................................
K a n sa s...............................................
S o u th A t la n tic .- .........................

D e la w a re ............... ..........................
M a r y la n d _________________
D is tric t o f C o lu m b ia - ..............
V ir g in ia .__________________
W e st V ir g in ia ..............................
N o rth C a ro lin a ...........................S o u th C a ro lin a * ............................
G e o rg ia ........................................—
F lo r id a ..............................................

69,293
10 ,7 8 3
13 ,6 2 5
1 5 ,1 7 9
10 ,8 8 9
18 ,8 1 7

107,031
3 9,860
12 ,4 6 3
54,708

128,047
69,702
15 ,7 8 2
52,563

138,867 75,8 3 0 63,037
62,486 3 6 ,14 0 26,346
: 16 ,7 7 1 8 ,8 2 0 7 ,9 5 1
$ 9 ,6 10 30,8 7 0 28,740

6 6 ,17 7
13 ,9 8 7
1 2 ,0 6 0
13 ,5 0 6
14 ,8 2 8
1 1 ,7 9 6

131,394
18 ,0 2 3
2 1,0 5 5
33 ,9 8 9
2 6 ,1 2 2
2 7,205

157,235
25,776
1 9 ,1 9 5
4 5 ,9 8 0
3 1,9 9 1
34,293

80,885
17*209
9 ,9 0 9
1 9 ,2 0 2
19 ,4 4 8
15 ,0 9 7

76,870 15 ,6 4 0 88,276 53 ,3 16
8 ,5 6 7 4 ,1 7 0 14 ,920 6 ,6 8 6
9 ,2 8 6 1 ,4 1 5 9 ,4 5 9 8 ,3 2 1
26, 778 4 ,0 1 8 26,664 15 ,2 9 8
12,543 4 ,2 5 5 2 1,5 2 2 6 ,2 14
19 ,1 9 6 1,782 16,711 16,800

4,631 26,143 29,230 39,817 46,115 28,586 21,629 10,047 18,351 16,717
1,542 3,466 4,055 5,436 6,794 3,719 3,075 1,452 3,536 1,806
130 4,171 5, 687 4,846 10,199 5,367 4,832 3,704 2,685 3,810
1,398 12,975 11,385 16,236 14,468 6,938 7,530 1,743 7,146 5,576
485 1,580 1,406 1,233 1,622
764
637
868
525
560
420
505
556
474
693
662 1,030
63
462
789 3,491 8,246 7,327 3,517 3,810
813 3,034 3,480
561
505 1,742 2,513 3,158 3,675 2,621 1,054 1,293 1,362 1,020
7,603 15,843 21,863 29,672 84,907 22,729 11,478 11,743 15,021
253 1,024
956
917
668 1,130 1,452 1,510 1,873
609 1,430 1,722 2,284 2,424 1,029 1,395
371
774
3,152
1,546
1,869
1,802
3,756
1,158

2,487
788
430
440
829

8,346 10,755 15,211 18,935 12,901
2,666 3,236 3,428 2,972 1,680
1,998 1,992 4,808 7,714 6,913
1,838 3,109 4,304 5,100 3,475
1,844 2,418 2,671 3,149 2,833

W est S o u th C e n tra l............. ..........

3,447
497
886
700
1,364

7,084 10,234 15,824 22,764 12,685 10,069
2, K)3 3,102 3,896 5,038 3,232 1,806
1,280 1,659 3,120 4,000 2,848 1,162
883 1,524 2,430 5,100 2,072 3,028
2,818 3,949 6,378 8,616 4,533 4,083

M o u n t a in * ....................... ...............

4,545 16,323 17,705 16,452 17,625 16,303
448
855 1,085 » 1,481 1,031
738
243 1,301 2,249 1,351 1,501 1,389
996
364
645
691 1,147
948
1,527 3,951 4,126 5,045 4,931 3,109
79
751
814
997 1,447 1,104
447 2,095 2,85S 2,586 1,852 1,064
1,186 6,472 5,617 3,630 5,543 1,785
253
264
251
216
324
166

K e n tu c k y ..............*........................
T en n e ssee......... ..............................
A la b a m a ..........................................
M is s is s ip p i......................................
A r k a n s a s .........................................
L o u is ia n a ........................... ............
O k lah o m a.......................................
T e x a s................................................
M o n ta n a ................... ......................
I d a h o ..................................................
W y o m in g ........................................
C olo rado ..........................................
N e w M ex ico ...................................
A riz o n a ............... .............................
U ta h ...................................................
N e v a d a .............................................
P acific ________________ _______

W a sh in g to n ....................................
O regon____________________
C a lifo rn ia .........................................

3,625
1,898
4,527
2,319
4,539
1,781

2,492
2,448
5,989
2,667
5,155
1, 993

1,612
1,296
337
334
2,541
206

E ast S o u th C e n tra l - ................. ..

122,070 1 1 ,1 1 8
6 0 ,5 4 6
10 ,0 7 4 6 ,746
5 1,4 6 0 6 ,372

4,556
2,842
5,655
2,582
7,589
2,654

4,506
3,116
7,172
2,944
9,244
2,928

2,014
668
1,183
277
4,089
935

7,443
566
1,276

1,356
987
3,646
1,530
2,569
1,031

1,314
1,692
2,716
1,310
4,575
1,616

1,836
437
310
104
2,100
281

5,034 10,716
1,292 1,791
1,801 4,295
r,625 1,989
316 2,641

4,803
655
2,047
1,755
346

3,416
528
1,372
1,356
162

7,648
3,134
1,148
1,191
2,376

7,675
615
2,400
1,272
3,388

7,231
1,289
432
2,637
2,853

7,322 4,766
293
487
112
864
48
534
1,822
801
343
835
788i
359
825
3,758»
158i
61

8,221
251
529
462
2,813
306
783
2,972
105

4,638
293
188
1*317
308
710
1,748
158

5,753 15,612 24,01$ 5 34,662 38, SIC►17,823 20,987 3,032 23,478 12,300
2,901 1,408 l 4,562 ! 4,85C 4 , 49(> 2,287 F 2,208 >
836 2,.KM 1,556
835
414 3,394 : 1,662 ! 2,517 2,42? t 1,321 1,107'
721
875
2,438 1 0,81C►17,788 \ 27,256 3 1 ,88(J 14,21£i 17,671. 1,47 £ 20,542 9,866

Source; Federal Board for Vocational



Education.

106

EDUCATION

No. 101.—VOCATIONAI* EDUCATION: P u p i l s E n r o l l e d
ebs

T r a in in g C o u r s e s ,

by

in

V

o c a t io n a l .

T each *

S tates

[Note.—Data relate only to institutions federally aided under-vocational education act]
1923

Total number
!
Male

Fe­
male

Agri­ Trade Home
and
cul­
eco­
in­
ture dustry nomics

United States................... 6,589 12,456 16,824 18,771 20,738 13, 514

7,224

5,087

Division and State
19 18

19 2 0

M l

1922

1923

9,654

6,997

267
685
12
50
11
18
7
161
350
24 * 149
52
118

535
63
17
71
272
50
62

1,217
718
80
419

311
140
17
154

2,010
815
48
1,147

991
492
80
419

1,269
65
491
341
247
125

894
49
116
162
49
19

3,190
1,465
482
289
805
149

855
54
491
215
67
28

954
138
263
197
43
64
162
87

1,089
104
419
181
65
158
96
66

520
58
186
116
43
22
60
35

686
104
106
180

937
80
390
82
65
158
96
66

1,649 2,680
60 h 45
76
139
438
351
118
727
261
321
264
70
902
344
88
125

1,851
26
89
222
636
64
32
752
30

829
19
50
129
91
257
38
150
95

422
12
22
56
114
56
32
100
30

1.507
15
69
182
522
13

1,110

149
309
283
369

789
126
194
305
164

487
37
119
207
124

302
89
75
98
40

267
32
42
72
121

307
30
125
143
9

215
64
27
90
34

1,133
72
49
430
582

2,500
123
*140
234
2,003

2,088
82
17
97
1,892

412
41
123
137
111

1,767
61
17
54
1,635

411
21
69
321

322
41
123
111
47

2,492 1,234
99
54
217
86
79
64
1,821
841
53
33
42
30
166
116
15
10
QO
Q
A
717
W
67
20
129
106
800
592

1,258
45
131
15
980
20
12
50
5

885
28
77
34
622
21
19
78
6

355
27
11
33
219
12
11
38
4

1,252
44
129
12
980
20
12
50
. 5

279
47
24
208

254
14
52
188

603
11
61
531

139
42
16
81

9

1,228
82
20
73
749
238
66

1,495
92
47
75
882
198
201

1,512
74
53
75
1,124
69
117

1,487
125
46
78
783
223
232

918
62
28
7
481
170
170

569
63
18
71
302
63
62

615
395
120
100

1,620
1,091
125
404

3,608
1,276
184
2,148

4,801
1,745
254
2,802

3,312
1,447
145
1,720

2,095
729
65
1,301

633
27
272
193
141

2,770
1,286
634
385
186
279

4,363 4,800
1,492
981
1,074 1,154
391
787
933
668
* 945
738

4,439 3,170
1,568 1,503
1,088 * 597
325
666
674
921
71
196

West North C entral.................. 2, 282
Minnesota—
.......... ........ ........ 1,353
Iowa —
___________________
53
Missouri..................................
145
North Dakota_______ _____
South Dakota!.___________
111
Nebraska..... ..........................
Kansas____ ______________
620

1,286
366
181
242
131
71
195
100

2, 576
500
824
493
229
151
150
229

2; 000 2,043

260
242
341
682
655
378
44
108
222 ■ 222
299
258
179
153

South A tlantic.......................
Delaware................................
M aryland.......................... .
Virginia____ _____________
West Virginia________ ____
North Carolina...................
South. Carolina.....................
Georgia..................................
Florida....................................

246
51
10

1,029
51
54
269
141
205
92
169
48

1,170
49
61
383
68
257
150
155
67

East South Central.?................
K entucky...............................
Tennessee..............................
Alabama.................................
Mississippi............................

383
21
224
138

755
146
31
310
268

702
137
35
285
245

West South Central____ _____ 1,185
Arkansas______________ _
Louisiana.............. ................
418
113
Oklahoma.............................
Texas.......................................
654

955
161
203
141
450

1,174
91
84
141
858

Monntain...... .............................
Montana.................................
Idaho.............. .....................
Wyoming...............................
Colorado................................
New Mexico______ _______
Arizona........ ......................... .
U ta h ......................................
Nevada................................. .

499
100
57
22
184
21
34
65
16

936
81
64
24
330
206
24
203
4

Pacific................. ...................
W ashington........................
Oregon.....................................
California...............................

408
107
132
169

1,877
130
127
1,620

New England.............................
M aine.....................................
New Hampshire....................
Vermont_______ _________
Massachusetts........................
Rhode Island.........................
Connecticut............................

338
115
35
50
129

Middle Atlantic........................
New Y ork.................... .........
New Jersey.............................
Pennsylvania.......^
________
East North Central..... ..............
Ohio........................................
Indiana..................................
Illinois.....................................
Michigan........ .......................
Wisconsin________________

22
40
7
116

605
740
191
174
58 " 43
41
41
203
80
13
51
11
18
203
173
20
25
996
201
182
613

Source: Federal Board for Vocational Education.




1,191
141
186
834

42
102
52

706

751
18
48
113
91
252
38
96
95

107

EDUCATION

No, 102.— VOCATIONAL EDUCATION; E x p e n d it u r e s U n d e k t h b V o c a t io n a l E d u c a t io n A c t , f o r Y e a r s E n d ed J u n e 30
EXPEN D ITURES FOR A L L T Y PE S OF VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS, NOT IN CLUDIN G
TEACHER-TRAINING INSTITUTIONS
Classification of expenditure

1919

1918

1920

Dollars Dollars
2,610,921

1922

1923

Dollars

Dollars

Dollars

6,888,500

10,507,197

12,594,781

14,909,118

From Federal money................. — 638,431
833,493
From State money____________
From 1 ocal money................. ........ 1,138,997

1,135, 824 1,745,298
1,166, 406 2,008,306
1,668,379 3,134,896

2,391,089
3,122,828
4,993,280

2,852, 268
3,599,045
6,143,468

3,301,579
3,936,345
7,671,194

Agricultural schools..................
739,933
273, 282
From Federal money.......... ......
220,714
From State money.....................
From local m o ney.....................
245, 937
Trade or i ndustrial schools_____ 1,189,040
From Federal money.................
252,940
From State money.............. ......
402,046
Fromlocal money......................
534,054
334,549
Home economics schools..............
From Federal money.................
67,774
114,791
From State money.....................
161,984
Fromlocal money......... ............
Part-time general continuation
schools........... ...........................
347,399
54,435
From Federal money................
95,942
From State money......................
197,022
From local money......................

1,413,939 2,437,285
528,679
889,886
678,824
399,983
485,277
868,575
1,628,328 2,408, 919
426,193
509,385
636,719
786, 568
666,416 1,1X2,966
554,196 1,054,489
115,952
155,, 768
155,537
329,634
282,707
569,087

3,393,088
1,192,131
968,674
1,232,283
3,336, 218
685, 822
1,074,160
1,576, 236*
1,822,348
192,387
595,326
1,034,635

4,058,440
1,435,475
1,039,488
1,583,477
3,843,561
782,500
1,124,808
1,936,253
2,118, 563
245,886
671,383
1,201,294

4,647,042
1,669,699
1,108,461
1,868,882
4,374,992
902,158
1,283,508
2,189,326
2,748,948
285,969
649,632
1,813,447

1,955,543
. 320,749
484, 668
1,150,126

2,574,217
388,407
763, 366
1,422,444

3,138,136
443,753
894,844
1,799,539

Total ................... ................

3,970, 609

1921

Dollars

874,146
65,000
74,167
234,979

987,807
190,259
213, 280
584,268

EXPEN D ITU R ES FOR TEACH ER-TRAINING INSTITUTIONS

Total...... ................. ..........

408,830

981,170

1,646,663

2,111,065

2,218,208

2,223,578

From Federal money_________
From State money......................
From local money............... .......

184,955
181,168
42,707

424,185
400,222
156, 763

731,204
661,979
253,480

966, 405
951,672
192,988

997, 851
924,894
295, 463

1,007,557
938,187
277,834

Training teachers of agriculture -.
From Federal money...............
From State money..... .......... .
Fromlocal money...... ..........
Training teachers of trade or in­
dustrial subjects.............. ...
From Federal money...... ........
From State money...................
From local money......... ..........
Training teachers of home econo­
mies................................ ...
From Federal money........ ......

121,244
56,643
53,023
11,678

306,896
131,885
126,227
48,784

556,580
250,835
232,013
73,732

703,855
329,293
324,950
49,612

740,051
337,590
309,105
93,356

745,535
$45,013
314,851
85,671

81,786
38,999
36,254
6,533

262,007
116,281
111,262
34,464

490,655
226,766
219,199
53,691

657,113
304,168
315,329
37,616

699,721
323,515
316,548
59,668

698,618
321,129
317,785
57,704

205,800
89,313
91,891
24,596

412,267
176,019
162,733
73,515

599,428
253,604
219,767
126,057

750,097
332,944
311,393
105,760

778,436
336,746
299,241
142, 449

781,425
341,415
305,551
134,459

From State money___________

From local money....................

TOTAL EXPEN D ITU R ES FROM FED ER AL MONEY, B Y STATES
State

m i

1922

1923

Dollars

Dollars

Dollars

T otal_____ 3,357,496
Alabama
Arizona________
Arkansas___
California______
Colorado_______
Connecticut.........
Delaware.............
Florida......
Georgia
Idaho
Illinois........... ......
Indiana................
Iowa..................__
Fansaa

Xentnoky
Louisiana

M aine____ _____
M aryland______
M assachusetts...
Michigan...........
Minnesota_____
Mississippi

Missouri............

71,510
14,706
56,581
90,648
31,877
40, 716
19,539
25,472
95,810
21,477
199,361
102,720
78,394
48,803
60,954
51,755
23,613
35,520
124,948
101,547
78,821
64,308
114,865

3,860,119

4,309,136

83,671
19,537
64,348
127,582
36,169
47,577
19,631
30,401
110,747
24,129
235,818
111, 367
86,969
54,050
80,638
60,375
27,482
40,969
138,473
134,097
90,478
67,750
123,920

98,375
21,102
73,088
141,029
40,709
55,027
20,000
39,376
123,291
25,650
259,429
125,288
97,643
64,816
86,589
67,159
30,858
45,586
154,760
152,902
101,538
75,365
140,688


Source: Federal Board for Vocational


Education.

State
Montana^----- ....
llDUraoM. ~ ---Nevada________
New HampshireNew Jersey. . . .
New M exico.. __
New Y o r k .........
North Carolina. .
North Dakota_
_
Ohio...................
Oklahoma______
Oregon.
_ __
Pennsylvania___
Rhode Island___
South Carolina—.
South Dakota___
Tennessee______
Texas. _______
U tah .................. .
Vermont_______
Virginia.............. .
Washington____
West Virginia___
Wisconsin____ .
Wyoming.............

1921

1922

19 2 3

Dollars

Dollars

Dollars

25,655
21,104.
43,120
47,159
14,597 * 14,140
14,954
16,833
111,063
95,217
20,444 - 19,719
360,457
390,226
73,811
94,356
26,054
29,513
161,122
177,796
47,642
71,380
28,339
32,338
292,554
315,429
27,469
30,607
52,723
61,483
23,628
21,368
79,312
86,243
117,816
146,604
19,229
22,826
17,638
15,500
76,409
85,831
43, 710
50,201
47,262
39,225
86,467
100,146
16,769
17,506

25,360
52,482
12i 812
19,037
128,570
21,320
438,822
107,760
30,911
189,224
78,231
36,061
351,027
34,140
70,199
30,182
100,843
168,216
24,963
14,206
95,458
54,578
54,582
112,670
17,214

108

VOCATIONAL BEHABILITATION

No. 103—VOCATIONAL BEHABILITATION OF FEBSONS DISABLED IN INDUS*
TBY OB OTHEBWISE: Y e a b s E nd ed J u n e 3 0
[Note.—Relates only to cases aided b y Federal funds. The total expenditure in 1923 (fiscal year) com­
prised: Federal funds, $525,281.14; State funds, $020,140
contributions, $42,659.50}
New cases
registered
1921*
Total.

1922

1923

1921

3,893 16,407 16,864 3,212 8,942 17,091

457

116

Georgia..
Idaho___
Illinois__
Indiana..

113
29

1922 1923

63
189
495
91

30
101

62
25

Massachusetts.
Michigan_____
Minnesota____
Mississippi___ _

419
95

188
476
453
516

1921

176

242

31

‘i23

"402'

61
11
45
174

20
486
244

18
15
133
70

93
306
91
19

48
50

54
105
35
II

31

18
78
301
44

86

194

138
44
1,160
256

19

1922

1923

4,530 1,682 8,147 311,267

352
18

242

Iowa...........
K en tuck y...
Louisiana. . .
Maine_____

262
18

506'

584

118
81
144
321

197
105
818
333

72

113
29

152

111
201

12

82
9
4

43
71

77
455
307
254

4
34
119
27

38
274
178
133

170
398
432
554

242
912
361
733

118
, 17
24

12

138
93
97
19

50
9
1
11

63
50
41
11

146
127
106
19

130
115
108

3,905
53
3,076
219

6,787 1,328 3,751
32
13
612
46 1,898
415
66

6,566
33
4,105
129

181
3
267
18

1,343

1,107

694

656

8

255
144
130
31

M issouri..
Montana..
Nebraska.
Nevada. . .

North D ak o ta..
Ohio__________
Oregon* ______
3
Pennsylvania...

1923 "1921 1922

Live cases on roll
June 30

480

Alabam a.. _
Arizona___
Arkansas 8_
California..

New Jersey____
New Mexico___
New Y o rk .........
North Carolina.

Closures
rehabilitated

Closures

1,363
101

149
436

139
13

131
81
98
6

12

1,324

Rhode Island..
South Dakota..
Tennessee........
Utah.................

117
289
115

12
95
149
85

Virginia............
West Virginia..
Wisconsin____
Wyoming.........

78
706
715
34

611

4
977

547

236
610
947
23

8

612

82

40
56 1,234
153

4
556
417

125
431
745
25

10

221

39
1,267

832

406

452

777

4
5
26
1

78

22
79

2
17
46
39

7

35
109
138

53
165
201
9

73

878
11

92
247
78
347
487

17
129
340
83

20

Source: Federal Board for Vocational Education.
1 Total registration prior to 1922.
3 The status of these cases on June 30,1923, was as follows: Registered pending further disposition,
4,175; in school training, 3,115; in employment training, 662; all other, 3,315.
3 Cooperation with Federal Government began in fiscal year ending June 30,1923.




PUBLIC LANDS AND NATIONAL PARKS
ffo. 10 4 .—ORIGINAL AND FINAL ENTRIES AND PA TENTS'‘OF PUBLIC LAND,
ACREAGE: Y e a r E n d e d J u n k SO,. 1923 „
Original

Pinal

! 6,267.080

6,^49,789

9,395,616

Homesteads, total______...______________ *......................... ........ _ 5,524,160
Section 2289 Revised Statutes (original act)...............................
506,652
June 17,1902 (reclamation)...........................................................
7,237
A pril 28* 1904 (K in k a id )..................................................
______
10,622
June 11.1906 (forest). _l.....................................................................
40,410
February 19,1909 (enlarged)..................__ .......................
745,721
June 9,1916 ( 0 . & C. land grant)
. . . . . ....... ..........
28,896
December 29,1916 (stock raising)................................................. . . 4,183,922
Timber and sto n e .. . ............................................. . ....... *........... ........
Coal lan ds................................ „........................................ ........... . . . . . .
Desert la n d s __
. . . .
. .
85, 717
Mineral lands................................... ................................ .......................
Public auction........ ............... ...........................„.......... ............ ...........
State selections.............................................................. .....................
3 ll, 970
Railroad selections.................................................................................. ! 330,185
Miscellaneous ............................................................................. .......... .
15,648

5,621,333
590,441
21,603
24,220
92.832
2,238,185
26,987
2,627,065
29,316
522
193,517
43,930
53,307

6,312,422
1,030,511
25,741
28,087

Total...................................................................................... . _

Patented1

122, m

2,607,342
7,5®
2,590,759
34,679
1,1®
251,911
74,547
86,585
1,982,320
652,189

7,805

Source: Report of the Commissioner of the General Land Office, Department of the Interior.
1 Includes Indian lands.

No. 10 5 .—PUBLIC LAND WITHDRAWN FROM GENERAL SETTLEMENT OTHER
THAN WITHDRAWALS UNDER THE RECLAMATION ACT; ACREAGE

[N ote.—Does

not include lands reserved as national forests (see .Table 237) or as national
Table 116)]
Coal lands

Withdrawals outstanding June 30:
1920...... ................................. ..................
1921....................................... ....................
1 9 2 2 .......... .............. ..............................
1923...........................................................
New withdrawals during year ended June
30:
1921...........................................................
1922............................................................
1923.................................................. ........
Restorations of lands previously with­
drawn, year ended June 30:
1921.......................................................
1922...........................................................
1923........................... .............. ...............

Oil lands

40,138,742
39,875,414
34,966,492
34,558,369

6,751,436
6,691,414
6,580,611
6,417,662

Phosphate Power-site
lands
reserves1
2,724,394
2,724,340
2,425,494
425,454

parks (see

Public
water
reserves
240,3®
244,632
255,249
254.810

19, 214
65,305
198,019

%

3,687,819
3,705,617
3,684,350
3.848.236

6,83 5
13,827
4; 776

2®, 328
4,908,922
408,123

.60,022
110,803
162; 949

54
298,846
40

1,416
86, 572
34,1®

2,566
3,210
6; 214

Withdrawals outstanding June 30, 1923........ 34,558,369

6,417,602

2,425,454

3.848.236
244
96,893
1,097,322
23,944
364,847
269,1®

354.810

119, 523
720,534

257,-439

1^000

287,883

1,240
12,309
180,646
761
-55,329
2®, 923

10,596
8,366

Alabama___
_______ ___ ______
Alaska____________________________
Arizona.....................................................
141,243
Arkansas......... ........................................
California.................................................
17,643
C olorad o.................. .............................. 4,238, 497
Florida......................................................
Idaho................................ ....................
4,761
Louisiana..................................................
Michigan . .
...
Minnesota______________ _____ _____
Montana................................................. 10,460,034
Nebraska _______ ___ ____
83, 833
Nevada.....................................................
New Mexico................. . .................... 5,198,967
North D akota......................................... 6,192, 376
O regon............................................... .....
4,361
South D ak ota.................................... .....
U tah........................................................
5,087, 444
692,127
W ashington............................................
2, 437, 083
Wyoming............... „........ ......................

230,400
1* 178,392
222,977
466,990
1,344,640;

84*894

14,571
68,1®
1,820

%m

545, 862
1,870,608

302,465

1,018,761

995,049

14,571
240
34,406
j 929
8^905

449, 700
116, 447
108, 962

Source: Reports of the Commissioner of the General Land Office.
1 Includes withdrawals under act of June 25,1910, power-site designations under acts of June 20, 1010;
and June 9,1916, and power-site classifications under act of Mar. 3,1879.




109

PU BLIC AND INDIAN LANDS

110

1 0 6 .— AREA OF INDIAN RESERVATIONS, AND INDIAN POPULATION
THEREON, EXCLUSIVE OF ALASKA: B r S t a t e s , J u n e 30
State

Area of Indian reservations—unallotted
square miles
1880

Total.
A riz o n a ................
California................
Colorado................ .
Dakota^...... ......... .
Florida...................
Id a h o ...................
Indian Territory..
Iowa.......................
Kansas...................
Michigan................
Minnesota..............
Montana................
Nebraska___ _____
Nevada..................
New M exico.. . . . .
New Y o rk .........
North Carolina___
North D akota1 ___
Oklahoma...............
Oregon....................
South D akota1 _
_
Texas......................
U ta h .......................
Washington............
Wisconsin...............
W yoming................
M iscellaneous.....

1890

1900

241,800 182,991 121,665
4,832
783
19,480
57,214

10,318
772
1,710

4,295
64,236

1922

215
104
7,853
45,870
682
1,383
11,295
135
102
6,022

2,132
30,490
2
4
159
44
42
13
2,448
3,523
16,549 14,845
117
214
1,490
1,491
15,629
2,606
137
137
102
154
5,784
9,158
20,770 10,756
2-031
3,242
18,221 14,050

3,186
10,821
916
2,375

6,207
6,321
800
3,660

3,186
3,646
595
2,828

1890

1928

1900

54,654

64,668 256,127 243,534 270,544

28,864
673
618

28,864
673
618

3,553
40,412

23,673
635

Indian population

864
4,477
9
1,134
6,287
137
98
156
1,766
509
557

864
4,477
9
1,134
6,287
137
98
156
1,780
509
557

2,390
2,655
427
2,902

2,390
2,655
427
2,902

21,361
10 669
2,530
27,168

30,749
12,108
1,793

40,189
11,431
995

1922

19 2 3

340,917

344,303

43,327
11,091
779

43,015
13,385
781

462
575
461
4,251
3.557
4,020
4,053
3,984
276,895 268,225 286,265
399
386
355
352
354
1,016
1,211
1,496
746
1,511
7,428
7.557
10,141
7,628
7,631
6,403
8,952
6,198
13,326 13,654
21,650 10*842 10,076
12,648 12,808
3,254 3,854
4,409
2,526
2,537
8,321
10,952 11,144
8,375
6,800
23,452 10,998 9,480 21,569 21,476
5,112
5,334
6,078
5,139
6,139
2,200 3,000 1,436 11,853 11,883
7,759
8,276
9,466
9,607
13,176 13,926 *119,158 *119,280
4,507 4,063
5,355
6,677
6,762
19 696 19,212
23,448 20,459
290
290
290
2,110
2,110
840 2,211
2,115
1,580
1,592
14,289 9,830 9,827
10,920 10,906
9,152 10,726
8,847
10,498
10,592
2 063
1,658
1,642
1,783
1,837
1,302
710
7,137
10,395

Source: Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Department of the Interior.
i
The Territory of Dakota was admitted to the Union, 1889, as tw o States, North Dakota and South

Dakota.

* Figures include the Five Civilized Tribes, w ith population as follows: 1880,59,187; 1890,65,200; 1900,
84,750; 1922 and 1923, of 101,506, including 23,405 freeamen and 2,582 intermarried whites.

No. 1 0 7 . — ORIGINAL ENTRIES OF PUBLIC AND INDIAN LANDS: A creage
U N D E R A L L A C T S , Y E A R S E N D E D J U N E 30
1911-1915
total

1916-1920
total

Total................................. 183,037,350

73,192,850

16,437,492

15,631,631

10,367,163

6,415,002

78, 698, 382 68,663,397
4,338,968
4,629,453
66,553,270 61,312,782
*14,024,083
16,484,080 11,880,068
261,020
80,228
99,153
46,006
2,983,329
6*894,068
966,135
612,668
4,754,715
3,117,582
9,183,877 10,108*447
561,440
188,097
5,173,996
3,971,195
373,343
436,717
92,634
67,005
79,931
41,020
783,983
1,450,591
120,674
63*203
51,108
4,789
22,638,090 14,785,405
494,289
5,307,451
1,231,945
905,132
9,889,348
9,381,322
2,286,245
987,821
412,645
192,220
3,598,122
2,688, 515
3,577,067
4,158,533
2,069,805
1,698, 720
1,840; 663
1,229,018
21,033
63,916
4, 023*211 10,182,685

15,738,479
699,012
14,210,113
8,228,749
2,227,379
20,994
12,697
1,831,724
91,400
913,621
1,912,867
28,672
925,205
16,459
10,940
6*562
187,619
11,365
1,000
2,221,684
61,141
182* 292
1,4«<U64
102; 613
16,518
1,024,519
845,906
405,527
230,297
5,200
3,921,505

16,152, 689
478,942
14* 140,578
10,313, 733
1,491,063
9,647
7,087
1,469,488
59,868
746,833
1,911,050
31,016
793,604
19,259
2,910
4*642
66,420
6*280
80
1,734,429
47,410
93, 212
,067
42,993
8,577
844,167
826,666
485,292
132,100
4,360
3,739,187

10,143,305
223,848
9,203,701
7,070,176
1,163,452
6,471
10,612
1,082,849
44,604
577,332
1,258,989
31,766
642; 930
11,637
3,270
5,602
35,080
4,406
80
1,561,117
25,097
88,354
2,017,600
29,457
27,056
605,155
235,553
362,035
194,339
2,305
1,703,458

6,267,680
147,321
6,671,481
4,257,990
743,621
6,720
14,406
416,667
44,700
515,137
892; 125
33,069
322; 424
6,347
9,943
6*034
25,405
4,713

Item and State

Public l a n d . . . . . . . ....................
Indian lan d — ........... ...... ........
A ll homesteads..........................
Stock-raising.............................
Other entries......... ..................
Alabama___________________
A lask a............................. ........
Arizona............. .......................
Arkansas__________________
California................................. .
Colorado.....................................
Florida—.......................... ..........
Id aho....................... ................
Kansas.___ _____ _____ _____
Louisiana______ ___________
Michigan__________________
Minnesota........... ...................
Mississippi............................. .
Missouri___________________
Montana................... .................
Nebraska................................ .
Nevada................ ............. .......
New M exico............................
North Dakota...........................
Oklahoma___ ______________
Oregon............ ...........................
South Dakota...........................
Utah______________________
Washington............................
Wisconsin....... ............. .............
Wyoming....................... ...........

1920

Source: Reports of the Commissioner of the General Land Office.

1922

1921

%545

1 FRASER
Digitized for Includes 40 acres for 1913, for which entry was made at the General Land Office.
* 1918-1920 only.


1923

743,953
27,137
81,723
1,219,638
36,522
21,155
331,630
159,007
314* 163
151,051
1,496
1,029,838

111

PUBLIC LANDS

N . 10 8 . — HOMESTEADS: A creage of Original E ntries o r P ublic L and, b y
e>
S tates, and F inal E ntries for E ntire A rea, Y ears Ended J une 30
A ll homesteads
Item and State

1911-1915, 1916-1920,
total
total

1920

1921

1922

1928

Stock
raising
only,
1923

Original entries of all
homesteads, entire
United States......... 62,214,302 66,783,329 13,611,101 13,661,636 8,979,852 15,624,180 4,183,922
Alabam a..
Alaska___
Arizona__
Arkansas..
California.
Colorado...
Florida___
Idaho.........

Mii
Montana....... ...................... .
Nebraska-............................
Nevada.................................
New M exico...................... .
North Dakota. _____........... .
Oklahoma........................... .
Oregon......... .........................
South Dakota..................... .
Utah....... ............................. .
Washington....... ................ .
Wisconsin............ ............... .
Wyoming..............................

249,902
79,409
25,342
115,138
1,680,665 1,153,864
949,384
612,668
2,192,577 2,477,967
7,740,338 9,166,561
544,376
187,187
4,160,456 3,285,340
356,466
436,088
85,684
65,117
76,741
41,020
96,656
63,203
119,313
33,665
4,189
19,078,259 12,323,676
6,106,548
494,095
672,613
340,860
5,204,463 7,500,836
2,129,644
790,023
183,756
3,138,108 2,599,364
2,204,050 2,861,849
1,587,780 1,305,605
603,091
1,124,407
62,629
19,485
2,928,357 9,976,381

Original entries, stockraising homesteads only,
entire United States.........

*13,721,422

Louisiana.
Michigan.
Minnesota.

20,713
11,897
374,464
91,400
721,691
1,744,150
28,445
763,690
15,459
10,920
6,562
20,748
11,365
400
2,095,510
61,141
114,336
1,398,155
95,275
16,561
999,608
524,475
347, 559
143,907
4,218
3,899,451

6,290
6,720
9,647
6,767
10,612
14,406
230,251
543,920
59,868
44,604
44,633
363,262
665,623, 519,960
1,646,592; 1,077,445
792,170
31,394
28,442
32,825
493,140
283,675
19,259
6,347
11,637
3,621
2,910
3,270
4,642
5,602
20,172
5,522
8,395
6,280
4,713
gO
618,281
1,673,149
42,093 * • «
27,137
74,721
74,473
48,306
2,479,650 1,971,160 1,143,368
35,647
28,293
38,776
20,995
7,896
26,416
837,063
501,758
328,682
205,705
677,114
143,399
326,920
443,945
289,289
99,870
56,701
70,319
4,040
1,495
' 2,305
3,719,778 1,682,865 1,014,402

157,225
880
214,055
618,066
224,673
3,257
640

482,610
14,870
27,656
947,404
23,877
11,164
259,569
130,944
192,893
30,756
843,484

8,086,845 10,136,486 6,957,264 4,183,922

FINAL ENTRIES, A L L H OMESTEADS, ENTIRE UNITED STATES
1868-.
187018 7 1187218731874..
1875..
1876-

.
.

1877-

.

18 7 8187918801881..
1882—
1883—
1884.. .
1886__.
1886—
1887..

,

.

355,086
604,302
519,728
629,162
707,410
1,224,891
1,585, 782
2,068, 538
2,590,653
2,407,828
2,662,981
2,070,842
1,938,235
1,928,205
2,219,454
2,504,415
2,945,575
3,032,679
2,663,532
2,749,037

3,175,401
3,681,709
4,060,593
3,954,58$
3,259,897
3,477,232
2,929,947
2,980,809
2,790,243
2,778,404
3,095,018
3,134,140
3,477,843

1889..
18901891..
189218931894..
18951896..
1897..
189618991900..
1901..
1902190319041905..
1906..
1907-

3,576,064
3,232*717
3,419,387
3,526,749
3,740,568

19081909..
19101911..
19121913..
19141915191619171918..
191919201921..
1922..

4,242,711
3,699,467
3,795,863
4,620,197
4,306,069
10,009,285
9,291,121
7,180,982
7,278,281
8,497,390
8,236,438
6,524,760
8,372,696
7,726,740
7,307,034
5,594,259
Total.

213,867,601

1Total includes 2,278 acres, abandoned m ilitary reservation, in Montana.
* 1918-1920 only.
N ote.— Final entries, stock-raising homesteads only, 1919, 90,000; 1920, 622^010; 1921, 1,755,099; 1922,
2,399,384, and 1923, 2,627,065 acres.

No. 109.— STOCK-RAISING HOMESTEADS; Origina£ Entries from P assage
of

State

Entries

A

ct to

Acres

J

Fees and
com­
missions

une

30, 1923
State

Total____

91,042

35,665,982

' $2,290,121

Nebraska_____

Arizona______
Arkansas...........
California.........
Colorado...........
Idaho..............
Kansas.............
Michigan..........
Montana..........

2,242
3
4,115
12,135
4,093
198
3
12,317

995,999
1,120
1,634,452
4,003,828
1,725,086
54,121
1,400
4,149,607

63,337
58
114,951
291,175
104,682
3,707
65
309,188

New Mexico. _.
North D akota.
Oklahoma . ......
Oregon_______
South Dakota^.
Utah___ _____
Washington___
Wyoming.........

Entries
343
381
17,027
624
,241
5,387
6,084
1,614
1,178
23,057

Acres
56, 667
203, 372
7,272,851
189, 034
46,869
2,114,178
2,061,164
856,090
366,960
9,333,176

Fees and
com­
missions
$4,272
11,823
445,722
12,844
3,130
132,492
1(3,651
54,276
30,164
599,579

 108 and 109: Reports of the Commissioner of the General Land Office, Department of
Source, Tables
the Interior.


PU B LIC LANDS

112

No. 110.— TIMBER AND STONE, COAL, MINERAL,
ENTRIES, PUBLIC LANDS

Acreage of entries year ended June
30,1923

Acreage of entries from passage of act
to June 30, 1923
State

Timber
and
stone

Total..... .............
^IftharriR
AijwVft
_______
Arizona___ . _______
Artapsas
..
California__________
Colorado__ „________
Colorado *__________
Dakota Territory
Florida_____ _______
Idaho ____________
Iowa
_
^ __
.

_ ......

Desert land
Coal

Original

AND DESERT LAND-

Timber
CoaU Minand
eral
stone

Final

Desert land
Origin Final
nal

13,697,083 1603,006 33,464,66918,380,653

29,315

43,930 85,717

68,381

239 - .............- *..............
6,693 2,522,910 §§4074

1,163
'
A 3 78
6,203
1,776

4,798
4,259 7,673
120
4,222 20,859
3,476 6,034

9,739
8,144

40$
1,791

2,812 11,889

10,654

37,128
2,863
325,064
2,879,466
396,418
106,446
1,007,718
119
148,841
148,412
1,402,297
17,843
663,553
97
6,602

5,535 5,119,206:
168,113 3,216,311
58,496
20,021
584

859,270
692,744

3,277 3,090,428

989,218

$00

532

4,863

709
1,466,
1,931
923
160

Michigan _ _..____
1 ^
M innesota_____ ____
Mississippi_________
40 2,466 4,427 8,522
Montana_____ _____
64,758 5,974,109: 2,"740,"459
Nebraska
......
..
Nevada_ _________
_
1,661
2,392 7,958 j . 3,730
611,329 ■ I43,fl77
New Mexifto _ r..... .
26,573 2,153,655
m .jg 7
1,951 1,052'
693
20.094
40
9,504
85,279
8,646
North Dakota.______
80
,
_
_
Oklahoma __
40
Oregcrp .
Tr
3,791,104
10,572 1,105,211
100 1,524
293,090
3,737
3,780
3,624
101,681
South Dakota___ ___
63,749
217
609,291
28
120
80
TTtfih
3,165
75,071 1,447,464
430,184
§63 12,399 14,620 6,928
70,674. 1,440
64,454
40
924
421
Washington________ 2,158,378
996,992
198
Wisconsin__________
80,081
93
449,692
113,844 5,612,494 1,475,755
2,115
§5" 3,794 9,139 10,971
Wyoming....................
ENTIRE AREA
45,241
4,402
157,470
11
458
Number of entries.
106,035
324
525
476
Amount of money
paym ent___ ______ $34,950,303 $11,867,654 $7,809,717 $8,489,360 $106,158 £41.200 £100.593 $21,434 $67,140
T ' 1-----Source: Report of the Commissioner of the General Land Office.
i Includes 8 acres entered at General Land Office.
1 W ithin the Ute Reservation.

No. 111.— PUBLIC LANDS: A c r e s U n a p p r o p r ia t e d
S ta te 1

1890

Total........... . >686,216,661
Alabama................
Arizona.................
Arkansas................
California----------Colorado...............
Florida...................
Idaho.....................
Iowa........... ...........
Kansas-..................
Louisiana..............
Michigan...............
Minnesota______
Mississippi............
Missouri..............
Montana................
Nebraska..........—
Nevada—..............
New Mexico..........
North Dakota.......
Oklahoma..............
Oregon..................
South Dakota___
Utah....... ............. .
Washington...........
Wisconsin_______
Wyoming-.............

1,105,060
49,699,052
4,902,329
53,922,718
39,994,446
5,624,426
46,957,290
5,000
755,791
1,368,853
832,707
6,913,654
1,407,480 .
1,151,463
64,807,627
11,226,584
50,804,540
56,360,326
30,497,400
3 3,694,693
38,273,228
10,241,498
36,205,100
19,646,316
819,320
49,010,060

and

U n r e se r v e d , J une 3 0

1900

1910

1920

1922

1923

>557,643,130

343,971,674

900,320,188

182,886,310

185,933,242

359,250
50,286,986
3,493,444
42,467,612
39,650,247
1,596,411
43,286,694

108,210
41,491,369
512,705
24,864,884
21,726,192
453,009
24,743,804

37,200
18,268,909
276,595
19,585,801
8,941,185
120,077
8,805,112

40,680
13,591,840
257,815
18,333,659
7,951,963
104,411
8,740,721

37,100
14,951,860
275,026
18,091,187
7,753,129
87,058
10,040,912

196,900
137,180
88,911
107,890
1,563,302
2,510
36,015,943
1,879,486
56,474,688
36,454,692
1,410,225
6,007
17,580,573
4,562,804
35,955,554
3,196,059
14,460
34,575,159

4,346
14,240
73,623
256,297
33,360
18
5,973,741
66,844
64,267,175
18,448,878
81,044
7,404
14,006, 767
288,472
29,991,715
1,086, 686
5,154
10,679,595

2,944
8,616
73,956
254,296
27,847

2,842
9,084
97,851
278,352
19,216

5,659,870
33,928
52,429,745
16,490,081
93,102
21,860
13,709,102
209,982
26,791,051
1,194,891
4,348
16,859,593

5,908,156
29,685
52,690,645
16,491,564
112,936
36,940
13,677,583
193,023
25,242,338
1,184,558
5,014
18,717,183

I,

442,224
430,483
4,696,203
285,804
337,946
67,963,057
9,798,688
61,277,506
56,541,170
18,725,239
5,733,572
34,377,907
II, 930,809
42,967,451
11,125,883
313,565
48,358,169

Source: Reports of the Commissioner of the General Land office, Department of the Interior,
i In the States not enumerated the land areas were all appropriated in the years mentioned.
3 Exclusive of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, in which i f any publicland remains, i t consists of a few small,
isolated tracts; it is exclusive of the Cherokee Strip, containing 8,044,644 acres, and all other lands owned


3 Figures include 3,672,640 acres of unsurveyed land in public land strip.


113

PU B LIC LANDS
No. 112,-^rACBEAGE OF PUBLIC LAND PATKgT^?,;
1923

1922

State
Total.

12,904,822

9,395,816

Alabama...
Alaska___
Arizona. _-

13,904
20,621
881.569
89,753
621,606
713.569
25,217
512,583
1,890
366
398
57,466
14,669

9,499
15,436
1,051,851
► 63,606
761,348
1 ,086> 143
36,181
464,732
1,001
858
105
20,214
10,415
11,153

A^kansas-^
_

California.
Colorado..
Florida___
Idaho........
Illinois___
In d ia n a ...
Iowa..........

Kansas__

Louisiana.
Michigan..
Class
Total.

=H= ' fetaU

12,904,822

9,396,816

J jw | » 3 0

T3T
94,276
f-8, 255
2,598
2,1121,788
86,044
158,998'

Minnesota_____
Mississippi........
Missouri______
Montana__
Nebraska______
Nevada_______
New Mexico___
North D akota..
Ohio_____
Oklahoma_____
Oregon. *______
South D ak ota..
U tah_________
-Washington._
_
Wisconsin_____
Wyoming_____

118,016

— —--24-4
—
25,010
498,995
611,130
190,006
188,504
4,353
.2,074,474

Class

1922

Umatilla Indian lan d .___
Railroad...... .......................
M ilitary road com pany...
Michigan e x c h a n g e .......
Abandoned m ilitary reser­
vation.................. ............
State Colorado (act June
25,1910)_______ _____ _
Cemetery site....................
Villa site............................
Choctaw lands_________
Choctaw scrip................ .
Girard scrip............... ........
Porterfield scrip ................
Sioux half-breed scrip____
Supreme court scrip_____
Surveyor General's scrip..
Valentine s c rip ...............
Ware scrip,....................... .
Wyandotte scrip...............
Timber culture................
Indian........ .......................
Special acts...................... .
Supplem ental.. ................
Supplemental act (Apr.
14,1914).........................

225
1,490,398

1923

1922

if-yyH

1923
53,736
30,548
417
1,772,068
42,046
328,759
920,696
71,342
956
18,611
377,937
355,030
126,481
199,229
1,811
1,573,720
1923
317
1,982,320
5,201
2,810

Commuted hom estead....
56,770
94,998
41,840
84,406
Timber and stone,. . . . . .
34,679
147,460
Public s a le .- ._________
86,585
23,943
Cash, miscellaneous........
17,181
2,594
23,047
Desert land....... .......... .
294,293
251,911
670
1,610
Desert-land reclamation _
6,395
52, 423
20
30,677
200
Desert-land segregation...
Town site _........... .............
282
23
71
89
403
401
160
Town lo t.......................... .
819
H om estead...__________ 6,377,481
3,513,921
641
Forest homestead_______
122,419
40
156,323
40
34,994
40
Indian homestead.............
320
’ 240
354
Reclamation homestead. _
49,020
25,741
160
Soldiers* additional home­
6,242
stead................................
2,492
0)
140
19
2,590,759
Stock-raising homestead.. 2,919,820
52,086
19,450
80
Forest lien selection____
40
M ilitary bounty land
163
warrant..........................
<9
440,691
53,044
Mineral_____ _____ ____
74,547
495,908
490,632
82,929
2,338
1,163
C o a l...............................
1,611
Coal deposits.....................
0)
8,213
P rivateland claim............
(\ m
240
9,735
Sm all holding claim____
<>
*
(*)
7,771
9,736
Swamp.............................. .
1 Surface area reported elsewhere, 330 acres in 1922 and 760 acres in 1923.
aArea supplemental patents (act Apr. 14,1914) not counted above, 11,490 acres in 1922, and 50,184 acres
in 1923.
No. 1 1 3 . — RAILWAY GRANTS: A c r e a g e C e r t i f i e d o r P a t e n t e d o n A c c o u n t
o f R a il w a y G r a n t s, Y e a r s E nded J u n e 30
Total,
1911-1915

Total,
1916-1920

State grants....... ........... ...........
Corporation grants
Wagon road grants_______ _

30, 414
4,681,075
253,234

Total railway grants........
Alabama........................ ...........
Arizona____________________
Arkansas...................................
California_______ __________
Colorado...................................
Florida__ ____ ____________ _
idaho_____________________
Cowa....................... ...................
Louisiana...................................
Michigan__ _____ ______ ____
Minnesota.................................
Missouri....... ..................... .......
Montana.. ........................ ......
Nebraska__________________
Nevada........... ........ ..................
•Jew Mexico. ....................... .....
vforth D a k o ta ..____ ________
)reeon ___
Jtah..................... ...................
Washington. ...............
Wisconsin..................................
Wyoming...................................

1922

1928

1920

1921

5,082
5,873, 592
19,637

3,071
507,240
17,330

1,026
700,244
11, 941

1,490,398

5,421
1,982,100

4,711,489

5,878,674

510,311

701,270

1,490,398

1,987,521

40
337, 533
80
649,809
240
19,975
203,971
11
9,441
65
24,823

120
1,163, 775

9, 567

867,953

108,578
160

385,891
67
169,501

1,135,784

319, 262
160

174,487
13, 619

379,613
80

102,108
80
484

10,227

2,034

164, 797

33
600
32,388

170,081

639
918

5,744
240
1,704, 549

67

11

2,862,095

311,103

76, 394
70,505
63, 597
117,678
14,617
257,955
2,041
10,629

515,222
1,525,406
623
39,372
112,351
381,113
720
7,344

42,872
6,227
14
4,103
2,063
15,180
120
40

13,312
200


Source* Reports of
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ the Commissioner of the General Land
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

114,729
16,001

105,519
9,877
3,822
r^ E C ® "
1,070

Office, Department of the Interior.

268

277,673
28,686
70
8,767
205
11,916

114

PUBLIC LANDS

Ho. 114.— ACREAGE OF LANDS PATENTED OR CERTIFIED UNDER RAIL­
WAY OR WAGON-ROAD GRANTS FROM 1850 TO JUNE 30, 1923

&

State grants, total................................. 37,789,169

Minnesota, total.......... - ........ , ............. . 8,035,578
St. Paul, Minneapolis
Manitoba
(formerly first division, S t. Paul &
Pacific)— .............. —.........................
Western J t . R . (succeeded b y S t, Paul *3,262,745
1,076,346
Northern Pacific R . R . Co.)_.......
737,130
199,102
St, Paul, Minneapolis
Manitoba
(formerly St, Vincent extension of
139,113
the S t. Paul Pacific)—
...................,
179,734
Minnesota Central— ____ _________
2,746,661
Winona & St. Peter............................... 1,680,975
419,628
St. Paul Sioux C ity ....... ........ .......... 1,126,619
399,023
St. Paul & D uluth.................... ...........
458,566 *
860,983
Southern Minnesota, from a point on
67,786
the Mississippi R iver to H o u s to n 302,181
546,745
654,009
Southern Minnesota Extension (now
Chicago, Milwaukee d? St. Paul)— ,
446,478
377,776
f Dakota_____ ____ ______
2,217,619
Minnesota, North Dakota, Montana,
742,307
and Washington: St. Paul, Minneapo­
166,691
lis
Manitoba, now Great Northern
1,279,237
(main and branch), a special act (Aug.
29,384
5, 1892, 27 Stat. L . 390) to provide for
indemnity for lands relinquished b y
the company.......... ................................
(a
)
372,092
Kansas, total_______________________ 4,633,761
2,562,162
Leavenworth, Lawrence Galveston. *249,446
1,325,422
Missouri, Kansas & Texas....... ............ 3 976, 593
1,052,083
Atchison. Topeka & Sante Fe_______ 2,944,788
St. Joseph & Denver C ity...............
184,657
462,933

Illinois: Illinois C en tra l---..................... 2,695,133

&

Mississippi, total........... ..........................
Mobile < Ohio R iver..... ......................
fc
Vicksburg A Meridian............... .........
Gulf & Ship Island......... .....................

4c

Alabama, total........ ............. ....................
Mobile < Ohio.......................................
fe
Alabama & Florida-------- --------------Selma, Rome Dalton-,___________
Coosa & Tennessee______ _________
Mobile & Girard..................................
Alabama & Chattanooga-....................
South < North Alabama......................
&

4c

&

&

Florida, total............................................
Florida Central Peninsular..............
Florida & Alabama— ....................—
Pensacola & Georgia— ........................
,
Florida, Atlantic G ulf Central____

&

4c

&

&

Louisiana: Vicksport, Shreveport Pa­
cific— ..................................................

&

Arkansas, total..........................................
St., Louis, Iron Mountain SouthernLittle Rock < Fort Sm ith--------------fc
Memphis & Little Rock....... ..........—

4c

Missouri, total..... ......... ......... ................ 1,837,968
Southwest branch of the Pacific road_ - 1,161,285
Hannibal & St, J oseph.........................
611,323
S t. Louis, Iron Mountain Southern65,360

Corporation grants, totaL................ 91,239,389
Union Pacific............................................. 11,935,121
Central Pacific.............................. ........... 6,891,405
Central Pacific (successor b y consolida­
tion with Western Pacific)...................
458,787
Iowa, total........ .................. ..................... 4,929,849
Central branch, Union Pacific........... —
223,081
Burlington & Missouri R iver..............
389,990
Union Pacific (Kansas division)............. 6,175,661
Chicago, Rock Island Pacific_____
1 483,214
Union Pacific (successor to Denver Pa­
161,533
cific Railway Co.)— ............................
821,164
»922,825 Burlington & Missouri R iver in Ne­
244,023
braska_____ ____ _______ __________ 2,374,091
Dubuque Sioux C ity........................ 1 556,407
Sioux C ity < Pacific (now Missouri
fc
Iowa Falls Sioux C ity.......... ............
683,057
42,611
Valley Land Oo.)............... ........ ..........
Des Moines Valley (river-improve­
Northern Pacific..... .................................. 38,916,339
ment grant).........................
840,171
Oregon branch of Central Pacific (Cali­
Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul, for­
fornia Oregon).................. ........ ........ 3,172,610
merly McGregor & Missouri River— 326,216
Oregon California......... —.................... 2,777,592
Sioux C ity St. Paul..................... —
322,413
Atlanta
Pacific (now Santa Fe Pa­
cific).........................................
9,878,352
Michigan, total.......................................... 3,133,232
Southern Pacific (main line)................... 4,323,794
Port Huron & Lake Michigan....... ___
37,467
Southern Pacific (branch line)................ 2,118,220
Jackson, Lansing < Saginaw,..............
fe
743,788
Oregon Central____ ______—.................
128,618
Grand Rapids Indiana.....................
852,521
New" Orleans Pacific_______ _________ 1,001,943
Flint Pere Marquette—................ .
512,932
Marquette, Houghton & Ontonagon—
305,930
Wagon roads, totaL.......................... 3,276,646
t Ontonagon & Brule R iver....................
34,227
From Lake Erie to Connecticut Western
B ay de Noquet Marquette..............
128,301
Chicago & North Western...................
518,065
Reserve................................................ ...
80,774
From Lake Michigan to Ohio R iver___
170,580
From Fort Wilkens, Copper Harbor,
Wisconsin, total— ................................. 3,649,869
Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis
Mich., to Green Bay, W is__________
302,931
Omaha (formerly West Wisconsin).
813,707
From Fort Wilkens, Copper Harbor,
Wisconsin Railroad Farm Mortgage
Mich., to Wisconsin State line______
221,013
Oregon Central M ilitary Co. (now Cali­
Land Co.................... .........................
163,160
Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis &
fornia < Oregon Land Co.)..................
fc
859,937
Omaha (formerly St. Croix
Lake
Corvallis and Yaquina B ay.....................
83,717
Superior)......... ....................................
816,488
Willamette Valley and Cascade Moun­
tain....................
861,612
Branch to Bayfield-..............................
471,721
Chicago & North Western...................
546,446
Dalles M ilitary Road............................. .
690,942
Coos B ay M ilitary Road.......... ...............
106,240
Wisconsin Central.................................
838,348

&

4c

{

4c
4c

4c
&
4c

&

&

4c

4c

&

&

Source: Report of the Commissioner of the General Land Office, Department of the Interior.
1 Includes 35,685 acres of the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific R y.; 109,757 acres of the Cedar Rapids
& Missouri R iver R. R .; and 77,536 acres of the Dubuque & Sioux C ity R. R ., situated in the old Des
Moines R iver grant of Aug. 8, 1846.
2 Declared to be one grant.
3 See Minnesota for original grants.
* Includes 186,937 acres o f the Osage ceded reservation.
4 Includes 270,971 acres in the Osage ceded reservation.




115

PUBLIC LANDS

No. 1 1 5 . — tA N D (HUNTS (INCLUDING SCRIP) TO STA TSS POR EDUCA­
TIONAL AND OTHER PURPOSES, ACREAGE: T d J t r M 3 0 , 1 9 2 3

[N o te .-—D oes
T a b le

n o t in c lu d e g ra n ts to S ta te s for sp ecific ra ilro a d a n d w ago n road co m panies co vered b y
T h e co lum n " I n te rn a l im p ro v em e n ts ” covers o n ly g en eral ite m s so d esig n ated ]

114.

S ta te

T o ta l

Com ­
m on
schools

U n iv e r­
s it ie s
and
a g ric u l­
tu ra l
educa­
tio n

O ther
ed u ca­
t io n a l

M is c e l­
la n e o u s
in s t it u ­
tio n s

I n te rn a l
im p ro v e ­
m e n ts

Sw am p

A ll oth er

Trttal _ _ ___ 203,843,678 99,188,946 13,522,225 3,192,800 3,221,890 11,409,245 64,685,182 7,073,884
2,258,182
911,627
A la b a m a _________
A la s k a _____ _______ 21,345.209 21,009,209
A rizo n a ____________ 10,489,236 8,093,156
A r k a n s a s ....................... 9,372,993
933,778
8,403,380 5,534,293
C alifo rn ia______ ___

286,080
336.000
396.080
196.080
196.080

4,433,378 3,685,618
Colorado,
,
180,000
C o n n e c tic u t_______
D e la w a re __________
90,000
975,307
F lo rid a ____________ 21,960,769
270.000
G eo rgia ,,-u

137,680
180.000
90.000
90.000
270.000

3,631,966 2,963,698
996,320
3,639,065
4,306,264
668,578
3.019.646
988,196
3,606,783 2,907,520

186.080
480.000
390.000
286,080
143,762

Id ah o . .. . .. . _
_
Illin o is_____________
I n d ia n a ____________
Io w a _______________
..... . . .
. .

352,609
"K e n tu ck y ,,... . . L o u is ia n a ._________ 10,981,019
M a in e ____ _ _____
_
210^000
M a r y la n d ________
210.000
360.000
MftisSftchTipfitta - - __

807,271

330.000
210.000
210,000
210,000
360.000

1,021,867
2,874,961
824,213
1,221,813
5*198,258

286,080
212,160
210.000
330.000
186,560

3,458,711 2,730,951
N ev a d a _____________ 2.723.647 2,061,967
150.000
N ew H am pshire____
N ew J e r s e y ___ _
210.000
N ew M ex ico ____ _ 12,406,027 8,711,324

136.080
46,080
150.000
210.000
662,703

N ew Y o rk

990.000
270.000
3,163,476 2,495,396
724,266
2,492,926
3,095,760 2,044,000

990.000
270.000
216.080
630.000
600.000

P enn sylvan ia _. - __
R hode Islan d _______
pnuth Carolina

4,352,133 3,399,360
780.000
120.000
180,000
3,432,604 2,733,084

136.080
780.000
120.000
180,000
246.080

T en n essee _ _ _
T ex as

300.000
180.000
7,414,276 5,844,196
150.000
300.000

300.000
180.000
356.080
150.000
300.000

3,044,471 2,376,391
150.000
6,219,970
982,329
4,138,669 3,470,009

136.080
150.000
332,160
136.080

M ic h ig a n ____ _____
M in n e so ta _________
M is s is s ip p i________
M is s o u ri___________
Mnntj^nn. ,
N e b ra sk a __

N orth C arolina
N o rth D a k o ta
Ohio

.

.
_^

O tifihninfi

Oregon

S o u th D a k o ta . .

U tah

...........................

V erm on t
V irginia ___________
W ash in gto n

8,787,318
8,330,991
4,948,311
5,574,486
5,869,618

W est Virginia
W isconsin_______ _
W y o m in g -____ ____

96,080

181

450,000

450,000

82,000

439,554

24,660

500.000 7,686,456
500.000 2,166,607

1,100,000
66,680
6,400

500,000

78,080

500.000
500,000 20,298,172

92,160
200,000
46.080
46.080

250,000
533,368 1,469,708
1,916,805 1,259,191
500.000 1,196,090
500.000

32,187
123,589
25,000
49,280
55,501

22,509
500,000 9,417,668

46,080

500.000
600.000
500.000
500.000

69,120
46,080
202,000

32,000
12,800

650,000

250,000

59,680
12,800

760,000

120,000
69,120
450,000

500.000
500.000

100,000

90,000

6,679*855 1,299,516
80,873
4,663,007
3,343,725
1,253
3,427,953
48,640
182,800

1,732,000

26,252

82,000
24,216

500*000

120,000

1,019,072

264,213

52,480

1,760

82,800

250,640
................... £

564,000

200,000

450,000

200,000

200,000

132,000

420,000

500,000 3,366,732 1,048,749
112,480

S o u rce: R ep o rt of th e C om m issioner of th e G en eral L a n d Office, D ep a rtm e n t of th e Interior*




6*120

*

116

NATIONAL PARKS

N o. 1 1 0 . — NATIONAL P A R K S A d m i n i s t e r e d
and

N

a t io n a l

M

onum ents

D epartm en t op A g
D a t e o p C r e a t io n

A

r ic u l t u r e
or

P

N a t io n a l P a r k S e r v ic e
P a r k S e r v ic e , t h e
r D e p a r t m e n t , b y N a m e , L o c a t io n ,
A r e a , w it h D e s c r ip t io n
by

d m in is t e r e d b y t o e

,

and the

r o c l a m a t io n

,

W

a

and

the

N

a t io n a l

P A R K S A D M IN IS T E R E D B Y N A T IO N A L P A R K S E R V IC E

N a m e*
H o t S p r in g s .............

L o catio n

W hen
e sta b lish ed

M id d le A r k a n ­ A p r. 20,1832
sas.

Y e llo w sto n e ............. N o rth w estern
W y o m in g ,
so u th w e st­
ern M on­
ta n a , and
n o rth e a s t­
e rn Id ah o .

M a r.

S e q u o i a . . , . . _____ M id d le e a ste rn
C alifo rn ia.

S e p t. 25,1890

Y o s e m ite .............

Oct,

G en eral G r a n t * .. .
M ou nt R a in ie r ___

W e st c e n tr a l
W a sh in g to n .

C ra te r L a k e ............ . S o u th w e ste rn
O regon.
W in d C a v e . . . . . . .

S o u th D a k o ta .

P l a t t , . . ...................

So u th ern
O k lah o m a.
N o rth D a k o ta .

S u lly s H il l............
M esa V e r d e ..............
G lacier_____ _____

S o u th w e ste rn
Colorado.
N o rth w estern
M o n ta n a .

R o c k y M o u n ta in .. N orth m id d le
Colorado.
H a w a ii........................ H a w a ii...............
L a sse n V o lc a n ic .. . N o rth ern C a li­
fo rn ia ,

1,1872

A re a in
sq u a re
m ile s

n
2 3,348

D escrip tion
46 h o t s p rin g s p o ssessin g c u r a tiv e pro p er­
t ie s —M any h o te ls a n d h o a r d in g h o uses—
20 b a th h o u se s u n d e r p u b lic co n tro l.

gether — Boiling springs—Mud volcanoes-^Petrlfied forests—Grand Canyon
of the Yellowstone,!remarkable for gors t r e a m s a n d w a tei

1,1890

252

1,126

•V ast w ild e rn ess.

T h e B ig T re e N a tio n a l P a rk —12,000 seq u o ia
tre e s o v er 10 fe e t i n d ia m e te r , so m e 25 to
36 fe e t i n d ia m e te r —T o w e rin g m o u n ta in
ra n g e s — S t a r t lin g p re c ip ic e s — C a v e of
co n sid e ra b le size.
V a lle y of w o rk k fa m e d b e a u ty —^ L oftry

of e x tr a o r d in a r y h e ig h t—3 g ro ve s o f b ig
tre e s—H ig h S ie rra —W a te rw h e e l F a lls —
Good t r o u t fish in g .
-4
C rea ted t o p re s e rv e t h e c e le b ra te d G en eral
G ra n t T re e . 35 fee t i n d ia m e te r—6 m ile s
fro m S e q u o ia N a tio n a l P a rk ,.
324
M ar. 2,1899
L a r g e s t a cce ssib le s in g le p e a k g la c ie r s y s ­
te m —28 g la c ie rs , so m e of la r g e size—48
s q u a r e m ile s o f g la c ie r , 50 t o 600 fe e t
th ic k —W o n d erfu l s u b a lp in e w ild -flo w er
fie ld s.
M a y 22,1902
249
L a k e o f e x tr a o r d in a r y b lu e i n c r a te r of ex*
tin c t v o lcan o —S id e s 1,000 fe e t h ig h —I n ­
te re s tin g l a v a fo rm atio n —F in e fish in g .
17
J a n . 9,1903
C a v e rn h a v in g m a n y m ile s of g a lle rie s a n d
n u m ero u s ch a m b ers c o n ta in in g p e c u lia r
fo rm a tio n s.
/ J u ly 1,1902
M any s u lp h u r a n d oth er s p rin g s p o ssessin g
\ A p r. 21,1904 }
* „ m e d ic in a l v a lu e .
A p r. 27,1904
S m a ll p a r k w it h w o ods, s tr e a m s , a n d a
la k e ^ -I s a n im p o r ta n t w ild - a n im a l p r e ­
s e rv e .
M ost n o ta b le a n d b e s t p re s e rv e d p reh is­
/ Ju n e 29,1906 }
to ric c liff d w e llin g s i n U n ite d S t a t e s ,if
77
\3J u n e 3 0 ,1913
n o t i n th e w o rld .
M a y 11,1910
1,534
R u g g e d m o u n ta in reg io n o f u n su rp a sse d
a lp in e c h a ra cte r—250 glacier-fed la k e s o f
ro m a n tic b e a u ty —60 s m a ll g la ciers-^
P re c ip ic e s th o u sa n d s of fee t deep—
A lm o st s e n s a tio n a l s c e n e ry of m a r k e d
in d iv id u a lit y — F in e tr o u t fish in g .
(H e a rt of th e R o ck ies—S n o w y r a n g e , p e a k s
J a n . 26,1915
397J < ll,000_to 14,255 feet a ltitu d e —R e m a rk a b le
*F eb. 14,1917 }
l reco rd s o f g la c ia l p e rio d .
/ A u g. 1,1916 }
186 /T h ree s e p a ra te a re a s—K ila u e a a n d M a u n a
\ » M a y 1,1922
\ L o a on H a w a ii; H a le a k a la o n M a u i.

{

124

O n ly a c t iv e v o lcan o i n U n ite d S ta te s
proper—L a sse n P e a k , 10,465 feet—C in­
d e r co n e 6,379 feet—H o t S p r in g s —M ud

M ou nt M c K in le y .. S o u th c e n tr a l / F eb . 26,1917
A la s k a .
V J a n . 30,1922 } 2,645
>
G ran d C a n y o n ___ N o rth c e n tr a l F e b . 26,1919
968
A rizo n a .
8
L a f a y e tte , t.............. M a in e c o a s t .. . ..........d o ...............

n est m o u n ta in i n N o rth A m erica —
ises h ig h e r a b o v e s u rro u n d in g c o u n try
t h a n a n y o th er m o u n ta in i n t h e w o rld .
The g re a te s t e x a m p le o f ero sio n a n d th e
m o st s u b lim e sp e c ta c le i n t h e w o rld .

Z io n .............................. S o u th w e ste rn
U ta h .

A ug.

9,1916

N o v . 19,1919

120

The group of granite mountains upon
M a gn ifice n t gorge (Z io n C a n y o n ), d e p th
fro m 800 to 2,900 f e e t, w ith p re c ip ito u s
w a lls —Of g re a t b e a u ty a n d scen ic in te re s t.

1 G en eral in fo rm a tio n c irc u la rs on th e se p a rk s m a y b e o b ta in ed free on a p p lic a tio n to th e D e p a rtm e n t of
th e I n te rio r.
2 I n W y o m in g , 3,114 s q u a re m ile s ; in M o n ta n a , 198 s q u a r e m ile s ; in I d a h o , 36 sq u a r e m ile s .
3 B o u n d a r y ch a n g ed .




NATIONAL PARKS AND MONUMENTS
No. 1 1 6 . — N a t i o n a l P a r k s ,

e t c .—

117

Continued

M O N U M E N T S A D M IN IS T E R E D B Y N A T IO N A L P A R K ! S E R V IC E
N am e

D e v ils T o w e r...

L o catio n

W y o m in g .

M o n tezu m a C a stle . A riz o n a . .

D a te of
p ro clam a­
tio n s

A rea
(a c re s)

S e p t. 24,1906

1,152.

D ec.

1 160

8,1906

x

E l M o rro ..

N e w M e x ic o . / . . . . d o ............... >
\ Ju n e 18,1917 '

P e trifie d F o r e s t..
C haco C a n y o n ....

A riz o n a ............ /D ec. 8,1906 } 25,625
\ J u ly 31,1911
N ew M e x ic o . M a r. 11,1907
120,629

M u ir W oods *.

C a lifo rn ia .

/ Ja n . 9,1908
\ S ep t. 22,1921

P in n a c le s .........

------ d o .___

/ Ja n . 16,1908 \ 2,080
\ M ay 7,1 9 23 /2,653.46

240

426.43

N a tu r a l b r id g e s ... U t a h ..

[A pr. 16,1908
S ep t. 25,1909
F e b . 11,1916

1 2,740

L e w is & C la rk J-M o iitan a.
C a y e m *..............

(M ay 11,1908
L a y 16,1911
M

160

T u m ac a c o ri.

A r iz o n a ..

S e p t. 15,1908

10

N a v a jo ^ .................
Sho sho ne C a v e rn

S it k a ...........................

/ M ar.
\M ar.
S e p t.
/N ov.
N ew M e x ic o .
\N ov.
A la s k a .............. M a r.

R ain b o w B r id g e . .

C o lo rad o ..............

G ran Q u iv ir a ___

20,1909
14,1912
21,1909
1,1909
25,1919
23,1910

157

U ta h ..

M a y 30,1910

160

C o lo rad o .

M a y 24,1911

13,883

. . . . d o ...............
W y o m in g .. . .

210
560

D escrip tio n

a b le n a t u r a l ro ck to w e r, of v o lca n ic
, l,30O fe6£ ln h e ig h t,
x ic cliff-d w e llin g r u in of u n u s u a l
s iz e s it u a t e d i n a n ic h e i n fa c e o f a v er­
t i c a l c lif f. O f s c e n ic a n d e th n rto g ic i n ­
te re st.
E n o rm o u s sa n d s to n e ro ck ero d ed i n fo rm
of a c a s tle , u p o n w h ic h in s c r ip tio n s h a v e
b e e n p la c e d b y e a r ly S p a n is h e x p lo rers.
C o n tain s cliff-d w elle r r u in s . Of g r e a t
h isto ric, scen ic, a n d eth n o lo gic in te r e s t.
A b u n d a n ce of p e trifie d com erous tre e s,
o n e of w h ich form s a s m a ll n a t u r a l b rid g e.
I s of g r e a t sc ie n tific in te r e s t.
N u m ero us c liff-d w elle r ru in s , in c lu d in g
c o m m u n a l ho uses in good co n d itio n , a n d
b u t t it t l e e x c a v a te d .
O ne of t h e m o st n o te d red w o o d g ro ve s i n
C alifo rn ia , a n d w a s d o n a te d b y H o n .
W illia m K e n t, E x-M e a b e r o f C ongress.
L o ca ted 7 m ile s from S a n F ran cisco .
M a n y s p ire lik e rock fo rm a tio n s, 600 to 1,000
f e e t h ig h , v is ib le m a n y m ile s ; a lso n u ­
m ero u s c a v e s a n d oth er fo rm atio n s.
T h ree n a t u r a l b rid g es, am o n g la r g e s t ex ­
a m p le s of t h e ir k m d . L a rg e st b rid g e is
222 f e e t h ig h , 65 fe e t th ic k a t to p of a rch ;
a rc h is 2 8 fe et w id e ; s p a n , 2 61 feet: h e ig h t
of s p a n , 157 f e e t. O th er tw o s lig h t ly
s m a lle r .
'Im m e n se lim e sto n e c a v e rn of g re a t scien ­
tif ic in t e r e s t, m a g n ific e n tly d eco rated
w it h st a la c ti te fo rm a tio n s. N ow clo sed
to p u b lic b e ca u se of d e p re d a tio n s b y v a n . d a is .
T .u in o f F ra n c is c a n m issio n d a tin g fro m
s e v e n te e n th c e n t u r y . B e in g resto red b y
N a tio n a l P a r k S e rv ic e a s r a p id ly a s fu n d s
p e r m it.
m t a in s n u m ero u s p u e b lo , or cliff-d w eller
r u in s , i n good p r e s e r v a tio n .
v a v e r n of c o n sid e ra b le e x te n t, n e a r C o d y,
f O ne of th e m o s iim p o r ta n t of e a r lie s t S p a n \ i s h m issio n ru in s i n th e S o u th w est.
1 M o n u m en t also c o n ta in s p u eb lo r u in s .
P a r k of g re a t n a t u r a l b e a u ty a n d h isto ric
in t e r e s t a s scen e of m a ssa c re of R u s s ia n s
b y I n d ia n s . C o n tain s 16 to te m p o les of
b e s t n a t iv e w o rk m a n sh ip .
U n iq u e n a t u r a l b rid g e of g re a t sc ie n tific
in t e r e s t a n d s y m m e tr y . H e ig h t 309 fe e t
a b o v e w a te r , a n d s p a n is 278fe e t, i n sh ap e
of r a in b o w .

S

e

Many lofty monoliths, and is wonderful ex­
ample of erosion, and of great scenic
beauty and interest.

.
[S p le n d id co llectio n of c h a ra c te ris tic desert
/ Ja n . 31,1914 >1,940.43 { flo ra a n d n u m ero u s p ic to g ra p h s. I n te r \D ec. 28,1922 >
I e s tin g ro ck i o n n a tic n s .
80 D ep o sits of f o s s il r e m a in s o f p re h isto ric
D in o sau r..............
U t a h . . ..
O ct. 4,1915
a n im a 1 l i f e of g re a t sc ie n tific in t e r e s t.
C a p u lin M o u n ta in . N ew M e x ic o .. A u g . 9,1916
681 C in d er cone of g e o lo g ica lly rece n t fo rm atio n .
V e re n d ry e ..........
N o rth D ako ta. J u n e 29,1917
253 In c lu d e s C ro w u igh B u tt e ,f r o m w h ic h E x ­
p lo rer V e re n d ry e firs t b e h eld te r r ito ry
b e yo n d th e M isso u ri R iv e r .
T h ese r u in s a r e one o i th e m o st n o tew o rth y
fM a r. 2,18893
re lic s of a p re h isto ric a g e a n d p eo p le w ith ­
fD ec . 10,1909
480
C a sa G ra n d e.
A riz o n a .
i n th e lim it s of th e U n ite d S ta te s . D is­
|A ug. 3,1918
co vered i n ru in o u s c o n d itio n in 1694.
S e p t. 24,1918 11,088,000 W o n d erla n d of g re a t sc ie n tific in te r e s t in
K a tm a i............
A la s k a ..
t h e s t u d y of v o lc a n ism . P h en o m e n a l
e x is t u p o n a s c a le of g re a t m a g n itu d e .
In c lu d e s V a lle y of T e n T h o u san d S m o k es.
S co tts B lu ff.
D ec. 12,1919 2,053.83 R e g io n o f h is to ric a n d s c ie n tif ic in te re s t.
Nebraska.
M a n y fa m o u s o ld t r a ils , tr a v e r s e d b y th e
e a r ly p io n e e r s in th e w in n in g of th e W e st,
p a sse d o v er a n d th ro u g h th i s m o n u m e n t.

P a p a g o S a g u a ro . . A riz o n a .

1E stim a te d .
3 D on ated to th e U n ite d S ta te s .




3 F ro m . M a r. 2 .1 8 89 . u n t il A u g , 3 ,1 9 1 8 , c la ssifie d a s a
n a tio n a l p a r k .

NATIONAL PARKS AND MONUMENTS

118

No. 1 1 6 . — N a t i o n a l P a r k s ,

e t c .—

Continued

M O N U M E N T S A D M I N I S T E R E D B Y N A T IO N A L P A R K S E R V IC E —C o n tin u ed

N am e

L o ca tio n

D ate of
p ro cla m a ­
tio n s

A re a
(a cres)

Y u c c a H o u s e 1......... C o lo rad o ............ D ec. 19,1919

9 .6

F o ssil C y c a d ............ S o u th D a k o ta . O ct. 21,1922
A ztec R u i n 1............ N ew M exico.. J a n . 24,1923

320
4 .6

H o v e n w e e p .............. U tah-C olo......... M ar.

285.8

2,1923

P ip e S p r in g .............. A riz o n a .............. M a y 31,1923

40

D e sc rip tio n

L o cated on e a s te r n Slope of S le e p in g U te
M o u n ta in . I s p ile or m a s o n ry of g re a t
arch aeo lo gical v a lu e , r e lic of p reh isto ric
in h a b it a n t s .
A re a c o n ta in in g d ep o sits of fossil p la n ts .
P re h isto ric r u in of p u e b lo t y p e co n ta in in g
500 r u in s .
F o u r g ro u p s of p reh isto ric to w ers, p u eb lo s,
a n d c lif f d w e llin g s.
O ld sto n e fo rt a n d s p rin g o f p u r e w a te r i n
d e se rt region . S erv es a s m e m o ria l to
e a r ly w e ste rn p io n eer life .

M O N U M E N T S A D M IN IS T E R E D B Y T H E D E P A R T M E N T O F A G R IC U L T U R E
L o catio n

N am e
G ila C liff D w ell­
in g s .
T o n to ...........................
J e w e l C a v e .______

D ate of
creatio n

N ew M e x ic o . .

N ov . 16,1907

160

A riz o n a .............. D ec. 19,1907
S o u th D a k o ta . F eb . 7,1908

s 640
2 1,280

W h e e l e r . . . . . . * . . . . C olo rad o............ D ec.

A re a
(a c re s)

7,1908

1

te r e s t a n d i n good p re s e rv a tio n .
D o.
lim e s t o n e c a v e rn of m u ch b e a u ty a n d co n­
s id e r a b le e x te n t, lim it s of w h ic h a r e a s
^ e t u n k n o w n .^

300

(M ar. 2,1909 }
M o u n t O ly m p u s .. W a s h in g to n ... -{Apr. 17,1912 1-299,370
(M a y 11,1915 1
480
O regon C a v e s __ __ O regon................ J u l y 12,1909
D e v il p o s tp ile .......... C a lifo rn ia .......... J u l y

800

6,1911

W a ln u t C a n y o n .. . A r iz o n a .............. N ov. 30,1915

966

B a n d o lie r ................... N ew M e x ic o ... F e b . 11,1916

22,075

O ld K a s a a n ..............

A la s k a ................

O ct. 25,1916

38.3

L e h m a n C a v e s ___ N e v a d a .............. J a n . 24,1922

593.03

B r y c e C a n y o n .........

U ta h ..................... J u n e

8,1923

7,440

T im p an o go s C a v e . ......... d o ................. O ct. 14,1923

250

M O N U M E N T S A D M IN IS T E R E D

BY

M o n ta n a ............ J u n e 23,1910

5

C a b rillo ..............

C a lifo rn ia .......... O ct. 14,1913

1

2,1923

a s e x a m p le o f e c cen tric °iro sio n an cl e x ­
t in c t v o lc a n ic a c tio n . O f m u c h scen ic
b e a u ty .
C o n tain s m a n y o b jects o f g re a t a n d u n ­
u s u a l sc ie n tific in te r e s t, in c lu d in g m a n y
g la c ie rs . I s su m m e r r a n g e a n d b ree d in g
, g ro u n d of t h e O ly m p ic e lk .
E x te n s iv e c a v e s i n lim e s to n e fo rm a tio n of
m u c h b e a u t y ; m a g n itu d e n o t e n tir e ly
a s c e rta in e d .
S p e c ta c u la r m a s s of h e x a g o n a l b a s a ltic
co lu m n s, lik e a n im m e n s e p ile of p o sts.
S a id t o r a n k w ith fa m o u s G ra n t's C a u s e ­
w a y i n I re la n d .
C o n ta in s cliff d w e llin g s o f m u c h scie n tific
a n d p d p u la r in te r e s t.
V a s t n u m b e rs of cliff-d w elle r r u in s , w ith
a r t if ic ia l c a v e s , s to n e s c u lp tu r e , a n d
o th e r r e lic s of p re h is to ric life .
A b a n d o n e d I n d ia n v illa g e i n w h ic h th e re
a r e n u m e ro u s r e m a rk a b le to te m p o les
a n d o th er o b jec ts o f h is to r ic a l in te r e s t.
lim e s t o n e c a v e r n s o f m u c h b e a u t y a n d
of s c ie n tific in te r e s t a n d im p o rta n c e .
B o x c a n y o n fille d w ith co u n tless a r r a y of
f a n t a s tic a lly eroded p in n a c le s.
B est
e x h ib it of v iv id co loring o f e a r th 's m a ­
t e r ia ls .
L im esto n e c a v ern .

TH E W A R

B ig H o le B a t t le
F ie ld .

M o u n d C it y G roup O h io..................... M ar.

D escrip tio n

57

D EPARTM ENT

S it e of b a ttle fie ld on w h ic h b a t t le w a s
fo u g h t A u g . 9, 1877, b e tw e e n a s m a ll
fo rce of U n ite d S t a t e s tro o p s a n d a
m u c h la r g e r fo rce o f N ez P e rc e I n d ia n s ,
r e s u lt in g x n r o u t or t h e I n d ia n s .
Of h is to ric in te r e s t b e ca u se o f d is c o v e ry
of t h e te r r ito r y n o w p a r t ly em b rac ed
i n t h e S t a t e o i C a lifo m a b y J u a n R o d ­
rig u e z C a b rillo , w h o a t t h is p o in t firs t
s ig h te d la n d on S e p t. 28,1542.
F a m o u s g ro u p o f p re h isto ric m o u n d s i n
C am p S h e rm a n M ilita r y R e se rv a tio n .

S o u rc e : A n n u a l R e p o rt of t h e S e c re ta ry of t h e In terio r.

1 Donated to the United States.



*Estimated.

IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
General note fo r irrigation tables from the Bureau of Reclamation, Department of the Interior.—The figures
given in these tables relate only to lands served in whole or in p art b y works controlled b y this bureau.
In 1922 the area so served amounted to 2,185,420 acres (1,202,130 acres in the Bureau o f Reclamation proj­
ects proper, and 983,290 acres served b y Bureau o f Reclamation works, usually a partial water supply
through private canals under W arren A ct contracts). Data are for calendar year (irrigation season)
except on the Salt R iver Project, Ariz., data are for corresponding “ agricultural year,” ended Sept. 30,
1922. Unless otherwise indicated, figures are restricted to irrigated areas covered b y crop reports, exclud­
ing sm all areas cropped b y d ry farming on a few projects, the area served under W arren A ct contracts,
and the three Indian projects in M ontana, the works for which were constructed b y the Bureau o f Recla­
mation. A ll value figures are intended to show the value received b y the farmer for his crops, whether
sold on the farm or in tow n, w ith or without baling, boxing, etc. If fed b y the farmer, the crop is given a
value representing the average selling price on the farm.

Wo. 1 1 7 . — GOVERNMENT IRRIGATION: F unds A va ila b le , D isbursem en ts ,
C ollections, and N et I nvestment
Receipts
Receipts
for fiscal year for fiscal year
1922
1923

Sources

Receipts
to June 30,
1923

Reclamation fu n d :
Sale o f public lan d___________________ . . . _________
Sale of tow n lo ts. ______ _. _ ______________ _____ _ .
Advanced from General Treasury (bond lo an )__ _____ _
Oil leasing royalties_________________ ______ ___________
Potassium royalties.............................................................. . _
Federal water-power licenses................................................... .

Dollars
1,775. 501
18, 645

Dollars
1, 382, 853
8, 057

3, 426, 634
166
106

4, 391, 425
1,958
1,758

Dollars
105, 703,103
576, 421
20, 000,000
12,195, 897
16,178
1,864

T otal______________________________________________
Project collections_______ _______________________ _ .

5, 221, 052
4, 294, 507

5, 786, 051
5,143, 929

138, 493, 463
46, 494, 378

Grand total, reclamation fu n d ____________ _________
9, 515, 559
10. 929, 980
1,000, 000
_____
Less repaym ent to General Treasury (bond l o 1, n ) . . CG0
a 000,

184, 987, 841
3, 000,000
181,987,841

Net reclamation fund ............................................... ............

8, 515, 559

Special funds:
Judgments, Court of Claim s_____ _____________________
Rio Grande D am ...................... ...................................................
Increase of compensation (net)________________ . ______
R iverton (W ind R iver ceded lands) appropriation.............
Yum a a u x ilia ry ._____________________________________
Drainage and cutover__________________ __________
General Investigations (R . S. 1923, Dec. 3 1,19 2 4 )...............

330, 892

Total special............................................................................

449, 813

472, 491

133,199

194, 845

753, 666

9, 098, 571

10, 597,316

187, 518,901

Collections (chiefly

Y u m a a u x ilia r y )

___ _________

100,229
270,712
48
l 73, 085
2 184
275, 000

18, 692

_ __

Total fu nd___________ ____ _________ . . _ ________

9, 929, 980

550, 348
1,000,000
2,492, 750
359, 480
99, 816
275,000
4, 777, 394

S U M M A R Y OF D ISB U R SE M E N T S, C O LLE CTIO N S, AN D N ET IN V E ST M E N T S
1

Disbursements

Collections

Net investments

Appropriation
Fiscal year
1923

To June 30,
1923

Dollars
9, 583, 597

Dollars
177,338, 573

270,712
174, 016

2,492, 750
675, 588
550, 348
1,000, 092
360, 162
100, 280

Reclamation fu nd__! ______
_
Increase of compensation
(n et).. _____________ _ _
Y um a au x iliary.. . .............
Judgments, Court of Claims.
Rio Grande D am ___ _ . . .
W ind R iver (R iv e rto n ).__ .
Drainage and cutover. ..........

970

T o tal______ _________ 10, 029, 295

182, 517, 793

Fiscal year To June 30, Fiscal year To June 30,
1923
1923
1923
1923
Dollars
5,143,928

Dollars
46, 494, 377

Dollars
4, 439, 669

Dollars
130,844,196

194,845

752,125

270, 712
3 20, 829

1

92
986
465

969

2,492, 750
3 76, 537
550,348
1, 000, 000
359,176
99,815

5, 338, 774

47, 248, 045

4, 690, 521

135,269,748

Source: Bureau of Reclamation, Department of the Interior.
1 Contra. Transferred to collections.
2 Contra. Includes an appropriation of $21 and return of $205 to General Treasury.
3 Contra.

10549G0— s

a

1923




30

11 9

120

GOVERNMENT IRRIGATION

No. 1 1 8 . — NET CONSTRUCTION COST (GROSS LESS MISCELLANEOUS REV­
ENUES) AND CONTRACTED REPAYMENTS, GOVERNMENT IRRIGATION
PROJECTS
[N o t e .—See general note, p. 119]

Contracted repay­
ments

Net cost
State and project
Fiscal
year, 1923

Total

To
June 30,
1923

Loss and
nonreim­
bursable

Fiscal
year, 1923

To
June 30,
1923

Dollars
Dollars
Dollars
Dollars
Dollar*
7 ,991,939 143,054,921 2, 358,979 3, 542,942 101,253,016

Arizona: Salt R ive r.........
A r i z o n a - C a li f o r n i a :
84,390
Y u m a..............................
California: O rland...........
33, 837
Colorado:
252,723
G rand V alley................
47,891
Uncompahgre................
Idaho:
305,029
Boise________________
King H ill_______ ____
409,767
M inidoka____________ 1,220,737
Kansas: G arden C ity ___
Montana:
H untley. _ ......................
7,938
Lower Yellowstone___
66,544
M ilk R iver............. .......
202,187
Sun R ive r___________
210, 522
N e b ra s k a -W y o m in g :
North P latt® ................ 1,049, 244
N evada: Newlands_____
299,084
New Mexico:
C arlsbad........ ................
i 1, 375
Hondo.............................
New Mexico-Texas: Rio
830,765
G ra n d e ..........................
North D akota:
Buford-Trenton______
i 1,099
i 421
W illiston...... ..................
Oregon: U m atilla______
75,143
Oregon-California; K la ­
m ath ............. ....... ..........
437,842
South D akota: Belle
» 1,253
Fourche_____________
U tah: Straw b erry Valley
i 5,494
W ashington:
1 4,317
Okanogan___________
Y akim a_____________ 1,233, 779
W yoming:
425,820
R iverto n ........................
811,156
Shoshone____ ____ ___

10, 548,119

12, 731, 410
1,881,391
8,066,977
385, 651




To
June 30,
1923

Dollars
4,444,025

Dollars
39,442, 028

31,114
55, 419

5, 743, 583
1,119, 573

53, 276
i 21,583

3, 282,990
i 27, 777

999,843

1 , 000,000
6, 713, 585

i 747,120
47,891

3, 017,922
i 45,881

321,846

12,648,437
2, 000,000
7,111,082
51,176

* 16,217
409,767
1,025,673
1 1,953

82,973
i 118, 609
955, 895

1,321,334
3, 614,104

154,290
18,845
6,762, 083
3,825,235

47,371

334, 475

195,064
i 1,953

1,475, 623
3,632, 949
6, 762, 083
4, 248, 362

i 3,664
i 4,571

423,127

11,603
66,544
202,187
215,093

14, Oil, 574
6, 990, 499

124,493
* 54,335

8,974,300
2,638,279

924,751
353,419

5,037,275
4,352, 220

14,392

1,431,873

1 15,767

* 35,944

1 5,000

7,650,000

835,765

3,496,114

290,804
2,705,074

i 1,099
1421
57,173

169,303
168,954

1,395,929
371,867

371,867

12,146,114 1, 000,000
223,169
460,107
2,874,028

223,169
17,969

3,978,176

3,166,259

1 631,181

811,916

3, 567, 437
3,466,968

l 20,569
1,100

2, 597, 278
3, 084, 099

19,316
1 6,594

970,159
382,869

1,393. 740
12, 239, 240

i 4,424
115,942

1, 498, 579
9, 712,909

107
1,117,837

i 104,839
2, 526,331

1,060,228
8,291,013

691, 335

5, 591, 539

425.820
119.820

1, 060, 228
2, 699,471

Source: Bureau of Reclamation, D epartm ent of the Interior,
1 Contra.

Fiscal
year, 1923

10,166,022

382, 097

9, 026, 573
1,091, 796
4,017, 922
6,715,074

B ala n c e

GOVERNMENT IRRIGATION

121

No. 1 1 9 .—NET OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE COST (GROSS LESS M IS­
CELLANEOUS REVENUES), GOVERNMENT IRRIGATION PROJECTS
[Note.—See general note, p.

116]

Contracted repay­
ments

Net cost

Balance

Loss

State and project
Fiscal
year 1923

To June
30,1923

Fiscal
year 1923

To June
30,1923

To June
Fiscal
year 1923 30, 1923

Dollars
Grand total_____ ________ 1,901, 602

Dollars
Dollars Dollars
15, 792,216 249,817 2,264,190

Dollars
14,296,295

Dollars
i 382, 588

Dollars
1,249,105

Total irrigation_________ 1,864, 689

15,690, 956 24,9817 2,184,368

13,944, 510

i 269, 679

1,496,630

Arizona-CaHfomia: Y u m a___
California: Orland....................
Colorado: Uncompahgre____
Idaho:
Boise____________________
M inidoka____________ ___
Montana:
H untley__________________
Run River.
.......
M o n ta n a -N o r th D a k o t a :
Lower Yellowstone - ____
Nebraska-Wyoming: North
P latte ___________________
Nevada: N ewlands_________
New Mexico: Carlsbad_____
N ew M e x ic o - T e x a s : R io
Grande____ ____ _________
North Dakota:
Buford-Tran to n __ ______
W illiston.................................
Oregon: U m atilla_
Oregon-California: K lam ath-South Dakota: Belle Fourche.
TTtah: Straw berry V alle y.Washington:
Okanogan _
- - __
Yakim a
___
_______
W yom ing: Shoshone...............

263, 211
38, 575
81. 724

1,667,935
218,611
81, 724

244, 747
35, SS7

1,132,170
200,570

18, 464
2,678
81, 724

535, 765
18.041
81,724

223, 548
118, 992

1, 530, 627
1,369,602

284, 457
139,029

1,478,991
1, 403,898

160,909
i 20,037

51,636
134,296

39,003
13,404

849,288
199, 251

424,074
162,102

i 8,972
i 437

425,213
37,149

43, 535
234,364
58, 836

Idaho: Boise (drainage)..........

36,914

41,116

221,921

167,588
118,496
43, 386

1, 693, 539
1,044,213
481, 791

181,558

548, 366

28,796
34,733
53,028
56, 379
24,416

199,415

3,962

22,505

1,786,213
896,001
455,821

140,200
i 634
1 15, 317

i 92,674
148, 212
25,970

217,989

447,604

i 36,432

100,762

10,488
35, 485
54, 895
99, 697
128,250

2,317
160,269
334, 579
557, 383
874,199
346,183

18,308
l 753
1 1,866
M 3,318
1 103,834

18,308
8,910
21,173
77,467
6,071

287,633
2,223,579
616,200

55,952
268,089
74,800

264,175
2,211,434
607,110

1 12, 417
133,725
115,964

23,459
12,146
9,090

101,260

149,822

348,785

73, 467 71,149
357, 244 178,667
343, 489
578, 556
951,666
352,255

Source: Bureau of Reclamation, Department of the Interior.
1 Contra.




47,975
13,842'
37,154
207,788
119,130
58, 703 :

1112,909 j 1 247,625

GOVERNMENT IRRIGATION

12 2

No. 1 2 0 .— ACREAGE, IRRIGABLE, IRRIGATED, AND CROPPED, AND VALUE
OF CROPS, GOVERNMENT IRRIGATION PROJECTS, 1922

[N ote.—See general note, p. 119]
Lands on projects proper covered by
crop census
State and project
Irrigable Irrigated Cropped
acreage acreage ~

Irri­
Irrigable gated Cropped
acreage acreage acreage

Dollars
1,202,130 1,169,100 50, 360, 850 1,101, 700 983,290

Total .
Arizona: Salt R iv e r3__.
Arizona-California:
Y um a......................
California: O rlan d ___
Colorado:
G rand V alle y .............
Uncompahgre.............
Idaho:
Boise. ..........................
King H ill A__.............
M inidoka........... _ .
G ra vity division0. .
Pumping division..
Montana:
H untley .........
..
M ilk R iv e r 7...............
Sun R iv e r_ _______
_
Fort Shaw division,
Greenfields d ivi­
sion 8___________
M ontana - N orth D a­
kota: Lower Yellow ­
stone9............ ..............
Nebraska- W yoming:
North P latte...............
Interstate division.
Fort Laramie d ivi­
sion................. .......
N orthport division.
Nevada: N ewlands___
New Mexico: Carlsbad.
New Mexico - Texas:
Rio G ran d e________
North Dakota: W illiston__.............................
Oregon: U m atilla____
Oregon-California: K la ­
m ath______________
South Dakota: Belle
Fourche____________
U tah: Straw berry V a l­
le y ........... .....................
Washington:
Okanogan...................
Y akim a____________
Sunnyside division.
Ticton division___
W yoming:
Shoshone__________
Garland division...
Frannie division. _.

Crop
value

Other lands served b y Government
works, usually a partial w ater sup­
p ly through p rivate canals under
W arren A ct contracts
Crop
value

Dollars
951,270 33, 240, 840

191, 920 12, 898, 050

213,170

4 203, 330

63,200
20, 670

53, 970
15,120

53, 970
11, 800

2, 682, 500
565, 560

4,000

1,800

1,400

49,000

30,000
97,410

12, 370
64, 730

11, 840
61, 700

365, 760
1, 550, 900

8, 350
600

7,900
550

7,800
550

600,000
20,580

143,000
13, 650
121,560

112.000

108,500
6,050

3, 992, 600
219,900

140, 280 131,300

126,900

4, 596, 750

630,000 580, 000

560,000 14,865,000

M 40
60,300
45, 290
19, 520
18,170

19, 520
18,150

572, 700
202,110

7,470

114, 840

12,420
40,200

1,563,310
1,456, 040

8,110

32,000
66,500
42, 470

57, 520
42,290

15,800

265,850

15, 600

15,400

334,100

73, 750
25.000

20,300
3, 650
44, 960
24, 080

25,000

388,400

98,800

95,400

3, 482,300

1 1 10, 000

9,000

9,000

184,360

1,000

880

860

12,300

151,170 124,860

~~87,~300"

28,200

122, 400

162,240

33,900

124, 360

9, 042,150

86,400" 1 ,878,450
20,100
3, 450
42,390
22,430

312, 040
72,520
1, 849, 710
1,197, 980

116,000

89,590

84,410

4, 479, 670

7, 650
24, 590

1, 590
13, 270

1, 570
12, 390

!
(10)

52,230
486, 260

51.000

36,000

32,950

537,140

82,190

12 31,150

56,920

585,770

53,890

30,820

30, 340

892, 550

8,000

5, 570

4,840

1,607,140

101, 340
32,000

95,000
28, 700

80, 760
26, 400

6, 309, 920
2, 528, 830

32, 720
10, 060

32,400
9, 420

664, 320

71,220

122,100

Source: Bureau of Reclamation, Departm ent of the Interior.
1 Areas Bureau of Reclamation was prepared to supply water,
2 Irrigated crops. Excludes sm all areas on few projects cropped b y d ry farming.
3 Data furnished b y Salt R iver V alley W ater Users’ Association, which operates the project.
4 Includes 5,536acresreported as vacant, 3,032 acres of “ home tracts,” and 2,842 acres within town sites,
on which no crops were reported.
6
Data furnished b y K ing H ill irrigation district. The project was built under private auspices and is
under reconstruction b y the United States.
6 D atafurnished b y M inidoka irrigation district, which operated the division.
7 Crop reports covered an additional area of 14,160 acres cropped b y dry farming, producing crops worth
$138,640, or $9.79 per acre.
8 Figures are for 186irrigated farms, which included sm all tracts farm ed w ith out irrigation.
5 Crop reports covered an additional area of 13,290 acres cropped b y d ry farming, producing crops worth
$157,940, or $11.88 per acre.
10 D ata not available; substantial area in Mexico is irrigated w ith water supplied from project works
under treaty.
11 Does not include portion of exposed Tule Lake bed tem porarily leased and cropped w ith subirrigation,
but not supplied w ith irrigation works.
12 Owing to w et year, only about h alf of land in crops received irrigation water.




12 3

GOVERNMENT IRRIGATION

No. 1 2 1 .— ACREAGE, IRRIGABLE, IRRIGATED, AND CROPPED, AND VALUE
OF CROPS, GOVERNMENT IRRIGATION PROJECTS
[ N o t e — See general note, p. 119]
Year

Irrigable
acreage

Irrigated
acreage

Cropped
acreage

1913_______________________________________________
1914_______________________________________________
1915
.......................
1916_______________________________________________
1917_______________________________________________
1918______________________ _________________________
1919_______________________________________________
1920..
__________________________________ _____
1921____________________ _________________________
1922_______________ ________________________________
1923 1 _
................................ .....

1,181, 362
1 240, 875
,
1 330, 222
,
1 405, 452
,
1 502, 468
,
1 601, 934
,
1 636, 159
,
1 661, 960
,
1 674,100
,
1 692, 700
.
1 700, 000
,

694,142
761, 271
814, 906
922, 821
1,026, 663
1,119, 566
1,187, 255
1 225, 480
.
1 227, 500
,
1 202, 130
,

637,227
703, 424
757,613
858, 291
966, 784
1 051,193
,
1,113, 469
1,153, 820
1,157, 900
1,169,100

Crop value
.D ollars

15,676,411
16,475, 517
18,164, 452
32, 815, 972
56, 462, 313
66, 821, 396
88,974,137
66,171, 650
49, 620, 300
50, 360, 850
65, 000, 000

Source: Bureau of Reclamation, Department of the Interior.
iEstimated.

No. 1 2 2 .— ACREAGE, PRODUCTION, AND VAIUE OF CROPS ON IRRIGATED
LAND ON RECLAMATION PROJECTS
[ N o t e .— These

figures are limited to irrigated crops covered "by crop census on Government projects proper,
excluding dry-farm crops in most areas served stored water under the Warren Act. (See general note,
p.119)]
Acreage cropped
Crop

Crop value

1921

1922

1921

B u sh els

D o lla rs

D o lla rs

Yield per acre

1922

B u sh els

1921

1922

Production

Total, a ll crops__ 1,157,900 1,169,100

1921

1922

B u shels B u shels

49,620,300 50, 360, 850

Cereals, total...........
B arley____ _______
C orn,____________
Oats............. ............
R ye______________
W h eat......................

299, 639
33, 574
52, 506
55, 427
1,511
156, 621

288,870
32, 272
53, 732
42, 030
1 263
,
159, 573

7,659,122
1,080, 310
1 301, 707
,
1 601, 124
,
20, 253
3 655, 728
,

7,591,352
1 044, 294
,
1,511, 781
1 231, 553
,
12, 990
3. *' ) 734
TK,

5,036,215
559, 327
769, 228
577, 787
13, Oil
3,116, 862

5,562,602
615, 263
897, 595 .
624, 751
7, 369
3,417, 624

26
32
25
29
13
23

26
32
28
29
10
24

Other seeds, total___
Alfalfa seed_______
Clover. seed__..........
Grain sorghum........
Flaxseed................
M illet seed_______

67, 542
19, 571
10, 804
36, 548
376
243

54,386
21, 557
9, 657
22, 795
290
87

1,376,232
69, 093
50, 947
1 246, 889
,
1 534
,
1,769

935,594
70,196
47,191
815,675
1,521
1,011

1,741, 357
571, 447
393, 316
772, 615
2 232
,
1 747
,

1 588,383
,
619, 229
381, 485
583, 343
3,006
1 320
,

3.5
4 7
.
34
4
7

3.2
5
36
5.3
11. 62

Hay and forage, total.Alfalfa h ay _______
Clover h a y ..............
Other h a y ________
Corn fodder...........
Other forage.............
Pasture................. .

631, 829
460, 523
10, 998
28, 345
5 426
,
4,119
122,418

596, 432
448,446
10, 770
22,180
4,120
3 713
,
107, 203

1 418, 950
,
18, 022
53, 079
19, 654
12, 901

Vegetables, total_____
Beans...................... .
Onions___________
Potatoes, w h ite ___
Potatoes, sw eet___
T ru c k .......................

74, 904
• 2,564
573
51, 559
702
19, 506

108,477
4,102
1,502
78, 507
856
23,510

Fruits and nuts, total.
Apples___________
Peaches____ ______
Pears.........................
Prunes......................
Citrus fru its____
Sm all fru its_______
Miscellaneous..........

40, 505
27, 560
1,980
3 747
,
1,186
1,818
1,545
2,669

41, 516
26,747
1,997
4 201
,
1 236
,
2 278
,
2,156
2,901

Tons

B u sh els

10,164,121
122, 470
255, 536
7 366, 051
,
86, 890
2 333,174
,

7,046, 544
203, 610
169, 648
3, 596, 624
121,358
2,955, 304

308,986,970 10, 545,647
228,695,670 7,964,106
19, 243, 950
396,428
18, 639, 370
507,284
171, 846
9 051,900
,
14, 972, 000
663, 702
514, 689
11, 832, 720
6 551, 360
,
327, 592

7,704,137
5 008, 788
,
399,436
409, 559
163, 324
745, 540
664, 545
312, 945

Pounds

Miscellaneous, total... 153,203
Cotton___________ | 102,087
Cottonseed...............
40,895
1,953
8,268

29,654
2,636
6,415

Duplication.................

109,722

106,626

T ons

423,442
6 364
,

346,627
6,695

!

Source: Bureau of Reclamation, Department of the Interior.

3
1.7
1.2
3.7
5

15
306
192
152

14
257
195
133
Pounds

7,317
8, 647
5, 219
4, 816
4,464
6 641
,
2,643
3,088

7,442
8,550
9,636
4,437
7,324
6 572
,
5,490
2,258

186,045
9,864,393 12,244,165
13, 474, 500
/
147,340 J8,890, 210 87,211,180 j-6,688,195 9,743,728 \
\66,420,800

Sugar beets............
Cane......................
Other crops..............

T ons

Pounds

Pounds

T ons




3
1.7
1.8
3.6
3.1

B u sh els B u sh els

B u sh els

38, 302
58, 589
175, 411
386, 397
9, 914, 040 15, 295, 941
107, 029
113, 440
296,389,359
238,317,915
10, 333, 637
18, 046,108
5 292, 962
,
12, 073, 800
4, 082, 937
8,242,000

T ans

T ons

12,268, 567 16,215,019
1,343, 730 10, 505, 944 14,486, 634
75, 541
131, 074
18,180
232, 657
27, 057
412, 475
15,278
70, 391
68, 866
18, 640
119, 095
86,130
,
1,118, 086 1 176, 693

87
650
T ons

2,690,001
40, 683
445,514

2 223,628
,
73, 030
203, 779

10.3
3.2

91.5
592
T ons

11.7
2.5

124

IRRIGATION

No. 1 2 3 .— GOVERNMENT IRRIGATION: S ummary

of

C onstruction W ork

[Note — See general note, p. 119]
Fiscal
year 1923

Item
Reservoir capacity available (original)-acre-feet..
Canals,ditches,and drains:
Total length____ miles. _
Canals, total........ do___
Second-feet capacity—
Over 800_______do___
301 to 800______ do___
50 to 300—_
..d o . Less than 60___ do___
Waste - water ditches
___ __ _ _miles._
Drains, open____ do___
Drains, closed____do___
Length...........
feet.
Storage and diversion
dams:
Total........ cubic yards
Masonry........... do___
Earth_________ do___
Rock fill and crib
............cubic yards .

358,900
881
631
5
8
99
419
122
221
7

2
374
1,012,619
48,898
833,177

Dikes and levees:
Length.................. .feet—
V olume.. .cubic yards..
Canal structures:
Concrete_____ number.
Wood____ _______do___
Bridges.................... do ___
Length. _______ feet—

130, 544
107,908
283, 495
4, 050
3,995
833
22,700

To June
30, 1923

Fiscal
year 1923

Item

10, 038, 698

Culverts............number..
Length.................... feet..

To June
30, 1923

684
28,161
152, 664
149
18, 729

11,013
389, 306
3,156, 798
3,814
746,175

Pipe, length......... __do____
Flumes________ number.
Length.................... feet..
Canals, lined, length:
511
Concrete _____ miles _
15. 70
686
394.20
4.12
2.185
Wood___________ do___
8, 729
Buildings . . number..
2
1, 573
931
Wells_____________ do___
585
29
Depth.............. .......feet..
1,236
5,207
58,028
196 Roads...................... miles..
1,038
Tunnels.
103
Railroads.
number
.do
83
3,284
145, 810 Telephonelines___ do___
1,157
Transmission lines.do___ ............"316"
Power developed, water
and steam .
15, 503,195
____ ____ .horsepower..
64,159
2,151, 361 i
186
11, 935, 701
Excavation:
Total____ cubic yards.. 15, 442, 326 216,019, 844
1,416,133
Class 1, earth____do.. 14,489,244 194,715,455
Class 2, indurated ma­
terial., .cubic yards.
571, 342
11,819,395
757,305
9, 484,994
5,002, 681
381, 739
Class 3, rock........ do___
2, 288, 945
28,189
Riprap laid________do___
Paving laid.square yards.
43, 823
13, 768
938, 442
81,679
Concrete laid.cubic yards.
102, 492
3, 270,895
Cement; used____barrels..
126,028
3, 307,152
9, 093
216,682
14, 474
12, 111

Source: Bureau of Reclamation, Department of the Interior.

No. 1 2 4 .—IRRIGATION:

Su m m ary

for th e

U

n it e d

St a t e s ,

19 10

and

1920

[Note.—The statistics in this table and in Tables 125 to 127, inclusive, relate to systematic irrigation enter­

prises and do not cover small irrigation work by individual farmers. They are based on reports of the
management of the enterprises. An enterprise is defined as “ an independent irrigation establishment
and includes the works for supplying water and the land for which water is supplied, except that the
cost and value of the land is not included in the capital invested." The statistics cover only the 19
States having irrigation enterprises]
Census of—

Increase*2
1

Item
191-0

1920

Number of all farms____
_________ .
_________
1, 776. 046
1,916, 391
Approximate land area of States included . . . .acres.. 1, 224, 063, 360 1,223,989,120
Allland in farms in States included____ _______ do___
416, 462, 547
505, 440, 954
Improved land in farms in States included______ do____ 186,786,227
214, 689,819
Number of farms irrigated......... ....... __ _ . . ____ . . .
162,723
231, 541
Area irrigated 4
........................... ... .................. .acres..
14,433, 285
19,191, 716
Area enterprises capable of irrigation____________ do___
26,020, 477
2R 285, 403
Areainduded in enterprises......................................do____
32, 245, 464
35,890,821
Per cent irrigated:
Number of all farms.
___________________ ____
9.2
12.1
Approximate land area_____________ .
_ ........
1. 2
1,6
Land in farms_____ . ____________________________
3. 5
3. 8
Improved land in farm s_____ _____________________
7. 7
8.9
Excess of area enterprises were capable of irrigating over
5,852,118
6,828,761
area irrigated-...................................... ................ „acres_.
Excess of area included in enterprises over area irri­
17,812,179
gated...................... ... ............ - .................................. acres-.
16,699,105
Area of irrigated land reported as available for settle­
ment__________
- _______________ _______ acres__
Capital invested_____ _______________________ .dollars—
Average per acre enterprises were capable of irri­
gating.— ___ __ ...........................................dollars..
Estimated final cost of existing enterprises______ do___
Average per acre included in enterprises___ do____

2,257,981 ^

Amount
140, 345
2 -7 4 , 240
88,978, 407
27,903, 592
68,818
4,758,431
5,735,074
3,645,357

7.9
(3
)
21.4
14.9
423
33.0
28.3
11.3

2.9
0. 4
0. 3
1.2
976,643

16.7

-1,113,074

- 6 .2

2,257,981

<5
)
321,454,008

697,657,328

376,203,320

117.0

15.85
437,948, 825
13.58

‘26.81
819, 778,605
22.84

10.96
381,829,180
9. 26

69.1
87.2
68.2

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.
1 A minus sign (—) denotes decrease.
2 Decrease due to the building ofseveral reservoirs in connection with irrigation projects.
3 Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent decrease.
4 Figures are for 1909 and 1919, respectively.
3 Not reported in 1910.




Per
cent

125

IRRIGATION

No. 1 2 5 .—IRRIGATION: A creage ,

by

C haracter of E n terprise , 1910 and

1920

—See headnote, Table 124]

.

[N o te .

Area enterprises were
capable of irrigat­
ing (acres)

Area irrigated
(acres)
Item and class

1910

1919

1909

Area included in
enterprises (acres)

1920

1910

1920

Total............................ 14,433,286 19,191,716 20,285,403 26,020,477 32,245,464 35, 890, 821
Individual and partnership 6,594, 614
Cooperative^- ..................... 4,643, 539
Irrigation district........... .
628, 642
Carey A c t.............................
288, 553
Commercial......................... 1,809, 379
United States Reclamation
Service,............................ .
395,646
United States Indian Serv­
172,912
ice............ ............ .- -- .
State.----------- ------------------0)
C ity .......................................
(>)
Other and mixed____ ______
0)
Not reported.............. .......
0)

6, 848,807
6, 581, 400
1,822, 887
523, 929
1,822, 001

8, 086, 766
6,191, 577
800,451
1,089, 677
2,954,166

Capital
invested
(thou­
sands of
dollars),
1920
697, 657

9, 255, 756 10,621,067 13, 008,415
8, 403, 298 8,830,197 10, 628, 543
2,531,425 1, 581, 465 3, 432,109
804, 298 2, 573,874 1,188, 937
2,799,563 5, 786, 777 3,999, 58i

154,634
183, 042
88, 574
32,681
85, 735

1,254,569

40

1,680,643

1,973, 016

2, 627,176

129, 510

284,551
5,620
40,146
7, 236
570

.76

484,486
7,379
44,458
8, 546
625

879,068
0)
0)
0)
0)

932,985
9,581
49,650
13,144
700

14,851
344
2,937
5,310
40

W
<*)
0)

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.
* Not included in classification in 1910.

No. 1 2 6 .— IRRIGATION: A creage

and C apital
B a sin s , 1902 and 1920

I nvested , b y D rainage

[N ote .—See headnote, Table 124]

Area irrigated
(acres)
Drainage basin
1919

1902

Total............................................ ............
Missouri River and tributaries.....................
Mississippi River and tributaries other
than Missouri R iver.*..............................
Gulf streams other than Mississippi River
and Rio Grande_________ _______________
Rio Grande and tributaries...........................
Independent streams in Rio Grande drain­
age basin................... . ............................ .
Colorado River and tributaries....................
White Water Draw and tributaries_______
Great Basin.......................................................
Columbia River and tributaries...............
Pacific Ocean streams other than Colum­
bia and Colorado Rivers............................

Area
included
in enter­
prises in
1920
(acres)

Capital invested
(thousands of
dollars)

1902

8, 874,408 19, 191,716 36,020,477 35, 890, 821 82, 532

1920

697,657

2, 533, 237

4, 147, 278

5,805, 630

8, 483,171

16,176

131,553

393, 687

953, 493

1,152, 261

1,543,064

4,620

35,184

21,833
496, 587

698, 077
1, 293, 863

1,157, 529
1, 887, 433

1, 602,169
2, 594,127

501
6, 367

29,440
34,173

8, 355
927,183
384
1,639,473
1, 297, 437

18,992
2,312,047
5,871
2, 313, 163
3, 873, 245

26, 852
2, 986, 937
9,950
2, 869, 858
4,968,518

34, 026
4, 064, 492
16, 623
4, 238. 028
6, 336, 801

127
11,299
7
10, 890
10,851

651
86,697
299
66,589
145,672

3, 570, 687

5,155,509

6,978,320

21,694 | 167,398

1, 556, 232
!

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.




Area en­
terprises
were
capable of
irrigating,
1920
(acres)

12 6

IRRIGATION

No. 1 2 7 .— IRRIGATION: A rea
and

in I rrigation E n terprises , C apital I nvested ,
C ost of O peration and M aintenance , 1910 and 1920, by S tates

—See headnote, Table 324]

[N o t e .

Area included in enterprises
(acres)
State
1920

1910

Total.... 32,245,464

Area enterprises were capable
of irrigating (acres)

Per
cent
of in­
crease1

35, 890, 821

1910

1920

11.3 20,285,403 26,020,477

Area irrigated (acres)

Per
cent
ofincrease1

1909

1919

28.3 14.433,285 19,191,718

Per
cent
of in­
crease1
33.0

944, 090
Arizona______
Arkansas___
52, 883
California___ 5,490, 360
Colorado____ 5,917,457
Idaho............... 3, 549, 573

813,153 -1 3 .9
246, 480 366. 1
7,805, 207
42. 2
5, 220, 588 -1 1 .8
3, 780, 048
6. o

387, 655
47,136
3, 619, 378
3. 990,166
2, 388, 959

627, 303
179, 013
5. 894, 466
3, 855, 348
3, 092,810

61.8
279.8
62. 9
-3 .4
29. 5

320, 051
27, 753
2, 664, 104
2, 792, 032
1, 430, 848

467, 565
143, 946
4, 219, 040
3. 348, 385
2, 488, 806

46.1
418.7
58.4
19.9
73.9

Kansas __ _
161, 300
Louisiana.__ .
581, 965
M ontana...
3, 515, 602
680,133
Nebraska____
Nevada........... 1, 232,142

102, 562 -3 6 . 4
851,211
46. 3
4, 329, 148
23. 1
12. 7
766, 768
1, 382, 036
12.2

139, 995
553,220
2, 205,155
429, 225
840, 962

67,853 -5 1 . 5
728, 742
31. 7
2,753, 498
24.9
562,468
31.0
704, 708 -1 6 . 2

37, 479
380,200
1, 679, 084
255, 950
701, 833

47,312
454, 882
1,681,729
442, 690
561, 447

26.2
19.6
.2
73.0
- 2 0 .0

New Mexico.. 1,102,297
North Dakota
38,173
Oklahoma___
8, 528
Oregon______ 2, 527. 208
South Dakota
201, 625

961, 879 -1 2 .
57,476
50.
11, 742
37.
1, 925, 987 -2 3 .
188, 382 - 6 .

Texas _____ 1,253,173
Utah________ 1, 947, 625
Washington _.
817,032
W yoming___ 2, 224, 298

1, 687,447
2, 359, 244
836, 795
2, 564,668

7
6
7
8
6

644, 970
21,917
6, 397
830, 526
128, 481

696,119
34, 235
9, 672
1, 344, 046
150,914

7.9
56. 2
51. 2
61.8
17.5

461, 718
10, 248
4, 388
686,129
63, 248

538,377
12, 072
* 2,969
986,162
100,682

16.6
17.8
-3 2 .3
43.7
59.2

34. 7
21. 1
2. 4
15.3

690,991
1,250, 246
470, 514
1, 639, 510

1,150, 542
1, 700, 550
637, 151
1,831, 039

66. 5
36. 0
35.4
11. 7

451,130
999, 410
334, 378
1,133, 302

586,120
1,371', 651
529,899
1,207, 982

29.9
37.2
58.5
6.6

Capital invested (dollars)

1910
Total

Average
per acre

Amount

State

_

Estimated final cost (dollars)

1920

1910

1920

Average
per acre

Amount

1910

19*20

1910

1920

321,454,008 897,857, 328 15. 85 28. 81 437,948,825 819,778,005 13. 58 22.84

Arizona..............
Arkansas......... _
California___ __
Colorado_______
Idaho...................

17,677, 966 33, 498, 094
587, 834
7,183, 322
72, 580, 030 194, 886, 388
88, 302, 442
56, 636, 443
40,977,688 91, 501,009

Kansas..............
Louisiana______
Montana_______
Nebraska. ____
Nevada......... .

1, 365, 563
6, 859,166
22, 970, 958
7, 798, 310
6, 721, 924

45. 60
12.47
20. 05
14.19
17.15

53. 40
40. 13
33.06
22.90
29. 59

24,828, 868 34, 615, 064
612, 834
7, 283, 522
84, 392, 344 225, 799,123
76,443,239 95,198,423
58,451,106 97, 019, 717

26. 30
11. 59
15. 37
12. 92
16. 47

1919

1.07

2.43

0.93
0)
1.54
.75
.63

3.27
13.67
4. 40
.87
1.17

1. 59
0)
.89
1.09
.97

3.29
7.01
1.26
1. 48
.79

21. 25, 1. 36
36.06 28. 40
.51
13. 88
21. 59
.75
.64
29.20

2.41
5.50
2. 92
1.19
1.26

1,365, 563
6, 914,166
32, 382,077
9, 485, 231
12,188, 756

2,195,981 8. 47 21.41
14, 264,178 11.88 16.76
70,079, 028 9. 21 16.19
18,030,154 13.95 23. 51
22,648,747 9.89 16. 39

9,154, 897
New Mexico___
836, 482
North Dakota...
Oklahoma______
47,200
Oregon.. ........... 12, 760, 214
3, 043,140
South D akota...

18, 210, 412
1,857,118
151, 325
28,929,151
5, 465, 248

14.19
38. 17
7. 38
15. 36
23. 69

26.16
54. 25
15. 65
21. 52
36. 21

11,640,091
836, 482
47,200
39,216,619
3,800, 556

20,440,646
2,072. 766
162, 775
41, 585, 742
5, 500, 748

13,487,347
14, 028, 717
16, 219,149
17, 700, 980

35,072,739
32, 037, 351
29, 299, Oil
34, 326, 328

19. 52
11. 22
34. 47
10.80

30.48
18. 84
45.98
18. 75

14,754,172
17, 840, 775
22, 322,856
20, 425, 890

39,860,871 11. 77 23. 62
33,835,641 9. 16 14. 34
37,684, 591 27. 32 45. 03
51,500,288 9.18 20.08

Texas............... .
Utah....................
Washington____
Wyoming______

1909

42. 57
29. 55
28. 93
18. 24
25.67

% 067,381 9. 75 30.47
14, 063,181 12. 40 19. 30
52,143, 363 10. 42 18. 94
13, 909,185 18.17 24. 73
14, 754, 280 7. 99 20.94

10. 56,
21.91
5.53
15. 52
18.85

Average
cost of
operation
and main­
tenance
per acre
(dollars) M

3. 25
.65
3.08
.86

6.92
1.08
3. 45
1.04

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.
1 A minus sign (—) denotes decrease.
2 Figures for 1909 do not include cost of operation and maintenance for rice-growing districts in Gulf
States; consequently, figures for 1909 and 1919 are not comparable.
a When water is pumped, cost of operation and maintenance includes cost of fuel and attendance.
4 Not reported in 1909.




4

127

IRRIGATION

No. 1 2 8 .—IRRIGATION: C rops G rown

on

I rrigated L and , 1919

[Note.— See head note, Table 129. The figures given are probably incomplete, but are fairly indicative of
the relative importance of different crops on irrigated land and of the average yields and values per acre.
For comparison the average yields per acre on nonirrigatcd land in the States having irrigation projects
are shown]

Quantity harvested

Unit

Crop

Average yield
per acre in
States having
irrigation
enterprises
On
irri­
gated
land

Area
harvested
(acres)
Amount

On
nonirrigated
land

Value (dollars)

Amount

Aver­
age per
acre

Cereals:
Corn....................................
Oats......................................
Winter w h eat,..................
Spring wheat......................
Barley................._............ __
Rye - .....................................
Kafir, milo, etc..................
Rice (rough)1.......................

263,312
325, 523
381,127
877,411
280, 287
19; 014
152, 768
892, 761

Bushels.
__ do . . _
...d o .......
...d o .......
do. ._
do
do
....d o ____

7, 525,354
9,361,125
7,115,303
17,679, 328
7,202, 430
168, 977
4,100, 338
35, 032, 275

28.6
28. 8
18. 7
20. 1
25. 7
8. 9
26. 8
39.2

21.8
26. 5
14,1
7. 6
17. 3
7. 4
19. 6
4. 1

11,692,813
9, 534,495
15, 269, 840
37,556, 853
10, 775, 076
295, 987
6,725, 561
96, 368,090

44.41
29. 29
40.06
42.80
38.44
15. 57
44. 02
107.94

Other grains and seeds:
Clover and alfalfa seeds. .
Dry beans, navy, etc........
Dry peas, Canada.... .........

39, 431 ...d o .......
177,752 ...d o .......
51,464 . ..do

161, 587
2,862, 567
637,560

4.1
16. 1
12. 4

1.4
10. 3
10.0

3,461,762
12, 986,298
2, 042,455

87.79
73.06
39.69

Hay and forage:
Timothy alone..................
T im o th y and clover
m ixed ,............................
Clover alone......................
Alfalfa............. ....................
Other tame grasses............
W ild, salt, or prairie
grasses................ . __ . . .
Small grains cut for hay _.
Annual legumes cut for
hay....................................
Silage crops..........................
Corn cut for forage ...........
Kafir, sorghum, etc., for
........... ........
forage.
Root crops for forage.........

Tons___

178,112

1.27

1.09

4, 582, 905

32.59

392, 260 ...d o .......
40, 879 ..d o
3,151, 675 ...d o .......
254,313 ...d o .......

140,607

569, 591
63, 465
8,430, 766
316,803

1.45
1.55
2.68
1.25

1.50 13, 782,635
1. 56 1, 334, 600
1,84 186, 391, 209
1.32 6,473,377

35.14
32.65
59.14
25.45

1,034, 507 ...d o .......
291,697 ...d o .......

951,345
372, 739

0.92
1.28

0.82 17,954, 630
0.92 8,448,901

17.36
28.96

19,851 ...d o
56,424 ...d o
36, 689 ...d o .......

28,334
388, 830
87,389

1.43
6. 89
2.38

1.20
4.54
1.51

494,052
3, 831, 525
1,121, 730

24.89
67.91
30. 57

51, 981 ...d o ____
2,631 ...d o ____

106,035
19,543

2.04
7.43

1.68
11.11

1, 614, 325
340, 329

31.06
129.35

64.9 50, 778,993

329.32

3, 853,037
2, 701, 968

184.59
130.85

Vegetables:
Potatoes...............................
Cantaloupes and muskmelons..........................
Tomatoes....... ....................
Orchard fruits:
Grapes_________ ________
Apples__________________
Peaches................................
Pears............. ............... .......
Plums and prunes.............
Cherries...............................
Subtropical fruits:
Oranges____ __ _________
Lemons .
_

154,194

Bushels.

22,978,739

149.0

20,874
20, 049
3 73, 675,084 Pounds. 1,131,279,429
t 9,085, 326 Bushels _
22,406,306
57,062, 692 __ do........
13, 224, 500
5 1,849, 429 __do.......
3,479, 806
«4, 306, 976 . do.......
7,074, 240
578,354
3 667, 907 ...d o .......

i 15. 4
0 2. 5
6 1. 9
61, 9
0 1. 6
6 0.9

* 11. 3
“ I. 7
«1. 2
6 1. 4
0 1. 0
0 0. 6

36,304,252
24, 566, 584
24,670, 264
4, 695, 848
15,188, 490
2,139,891

6 8, 711,152
6 2, 299, 716

Boxes...
. do

18,774,366
5, 776,149

6 2.2
0 2. 5

0 1.8
0 1. 3

58,244,422
16, 750,832

377, 655
214, 576

Tons___
Bales___

3,567,522
113, 862

9.45
0.53

8.38
0.28

38, 831,339
30, 457, 881

Miscellaneous:
Sugar beets grown for sugar
Cotton................. ................

102.82
141.94

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce1 Quantity harvested and value given for irrigated land were not tabulated separately.
given include small amounts of rice grown without irrigation,
2 Not including red clover seed.
& Number of vines of bearing age.
* Yield per vine.
6 Number of trees of bearing age.
0 Yield per tree.




The totals

128

irrigation and drainage

No. 1 2 9 .—IRRIGATION: A creage

and V alue of C rops G rown on I rrigated
L and , 1919

[ N o t e .—The data in this table are from schedules of individual farmers and not from the managements

of irrigation enterprises, as in the case of Tables 124-127. It is believed that the returns are incomplete,
some crops actually grown on irrigated land not having been distinguished as such. In the tabulation,
for each State crops for which the aggregate area in the State was reported as less than 600 acres were
omitted, but these form such a small part of the total as to be negligible]
^

i

Value (dollars)

Value (dollars)

Acreage

State

State
Amount
!

Acreage

Average
per acre

Total___

10,482,653

801,005,326

76.41

Arizona. ..........
Arkansas.........
California........
Colorado____
Idaho...............
Kansas .............
Louisiana........
Montana.........
Nebraska........

333, 616
143, 946
2,329, 052
1,946, 676
1, 203, 270
28,502
454, 882
867, 226
199,815

34,190, 780
18,352, 240
319, 208, 503
100,215,136
76,830, 746
842,161
42, 735, 849
30,382, 674
11, 547, 679

102. 49
127. 49
137. 06
51. 48
63.85
29.55
93.95
35. 03
57. 79

Amount

Nevada...........
New Mexico*.
North Dakota.
Oklahoma____
Oregon............
South Dakota.
T e xas..............
U tah ...............
Washington. __
Wyoming........

331,177
233, 893
25,280
(0
274,584
67, 021
295, 353
843, 219
395,196
509, 945

Average
per acre

12, 390, 593
11,400,144
267,148

37. 41
48. 74
10.57

12, 294,191
2,403,548
22,343,976
50,114,342
39,801,619
15,683,997

44.77
35.86
75. 65
59.43
100.71
3a 76

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.
1 No one crop reported with as much as 500 acres.

No. ISO.— DRAINAGE OF FARM LANDS AND DRAINAGE ENTERPRISES IN
THE UNITED STATES: 1920
[Note ,— The statistics of drainage on farms in the first part of this table and the statistics of drainage
enterprises in the second part are from wholly different sources and are not comparable.. The former
are from schedules of indiv dual farmers and the latter from a special canvass of organized drainage
enterprises. The farm may have artificial drainage without being connected with any general enter­
prise. Conversely, a general enterprise may facilitate the ultimate removal of water from a farm which
has itself no artificial drainage. The statements of fanners as to additional land needing drainage are
likely to be less precise than those as to area actually drained artificially. Drainage enterprises com­
prise public corporations and local improvement districts established under State laws relating to
drainage, commercial enterprises draining land for sale, other organizations engaged in extensive land
drainage work, and tracts of 600 acres or more drained by individual farm owners. The enterprises in
some States include considerable areas of timber and other unimproved land not in farms. The canvass
of drainage enterprises did not include any of the northeastern States, and no enterprises were found in
Alabama, Virginia, or West Virginia]
!
Item

Amount

Per cent
of total

DRAINAGE ON FARMS

Number of all farms in the
United States..................
6, 448,343
Farms reporting land hav­
ing drainage ...................
924,815
Farms reporting land
needing drainage............
956,095
Farms reporting both
land provided with
drainage and land need­
ing drainage................
402,623
All land in farms____acres._ 955,883,715
Improved land in farms
...............................acres . 503,073,007
Farm land reported as proprovided with drainage
- - ........ ............ .
acres.. 53,024,975
Farmland reported as need­
39,169, 639
ing drainage...........acres..

Item

Per cent
of total

DRAINAGE ENTERPRISES

100.0
14.3
14.8

6. 2
100.0
52.6
5.5
4.1

Approximate land area of
States included___ acres.. 1,717,932,160
All land in operating drain­
age enterprises.—acres.. 65,495, 038
Improved land_____d o ...
44,288, 235
Timber and cut-over
land____________ acres..
11, 283, 532
Other unimproved land
......................... ...acres..
9,923,271
Total capital invested in
and required for com­
pletion of operating en­
terprises
dollars
434,594,979
Capital invested in these
enterprises to Dec. 31,
1919............. ..dollars.. 372,273,567
Additional capital rerequired to complete
these enterprises
............. ............dollars .
62, 321, 412

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.




Amount

100.0
3.8
2.6
0.7
0.6

100.0
85.7

14.3

129

DRAINAGE

No. 1 3 1 . — DRAINAGE ENTERPRISES CLASSIFIED BY CHARACTER OF
ORGANIZATION: 19 2 0
[Note.—See head note, Table 130]

Operating enterprises

Nonoperating enterprises

Capital (dollars)
Character of enterprise

Land in
enterprises
(acres) *
1

Invested
to Dec. 31,
1919

Capital (dollars)

Land in en­
terprises
Addi­
Addi­
(acres)1 Invested tional re­
tional re­
to Dec. 31, quired to
quired to
1919
complete
complete

Total..................................... 65,495,038 372,273,567 . 62,321,412
Drainage districts................... . 22,069, 597
General State laws____ _____ 20,239, 956
Special acts................................. 1,829,641
County drains........................ ...... 37,870,803
195,133
Town&ip drains....................... .
State drainage projects_________ 1,422,844
United States Reclamation Serv­
ice. .
_______
Irrigation districts__________ ..
Commercial developments .......
Individual ownership .................
Not reported2__
__ ______

287,899
175,200
212,421
432,397
2,828,744

172,013,972
147,511,259
24,502,713
169,743,093
574*963
6,845,429
3,912,370
1,499,714
3,279,829
6,449,252
7,994,945

3,924,821

1,123,458

34,937,678

39,136,568
24, 593,523
14, 543,045
9,682,477
4,500
6,434,440

3,260,104
2,667,056
593,048
596,694
423

772,834
752,830
20,004
302,224

26.339.970
25.073.970
L 266,000
8,139,808
2,400

2,530,243
2,553,829
1,128,000
841,750
9,605

50,000
10,600

7,000

150,000
45,000
3,400

150,000
155,500

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.
1
Before tabulation the area in each enterprise was reduced by the amount of overlapping with enter­
prises organised previously.
*A ll except 35,062 acres and $218,951 invested to Dec. 31,1919, relate to either drainage districts or county
drains in Indiana.

No. 1 3 2 .— DRAINAGE ENTERPRISES CLASSIFIED BY DATE OF ORGANIZA­
TION: 19 2 0
[N ote.—Bee headnote, Table 130]

Land
Date of organization

Area in
enterprises
(aeres) 1

Total_

65,495,038

Before I860-.
I860 to 1869..
1870 to 1879-.
1880 to 1889..
1890 to 1899-

97, 319
783, 357
2,077, 717
5,424, 294
6,026,937

1900 to 1904..
1905 to 1909..
101Oto 1914 —
1915to 1919..
Not reported

7, 606, 753
14, 530,397
17,344, 098
11,374,619
229, 547

Capital (dollars)

Cost
per acre
assessed
acreage
(dollars)

Assessed
acreage3

Invested
to Dec. 31,
1919

Additional
required to
complete

95,629,291

372,273,567

62,321,412

4.54

1,840,829
621,310

1.86
1.81
2.38
2.91
2.16

709,063
7,612,491
14,455, 410
36,771,650
410,659

2.25
4.14
6.19
7.84
14.56

98,119 !
932,565
3,413, 277
8,843,654
11,575,924 ;

182,716
1,689,852
8,126, 391
23,934,330
24,498,861 !

12,200,468 ; 26,706,464
76,072,320
20,228,636
22, 245, 539 120,269,696
15,828, 501 : 87,379,002
262,608 ‘
3,414,035

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.
1 Before tabulation the area in each enterprise was reduced by the amount of overlapping with enter*
prises organized previously.
These figures represent the sums of the areas in all the enterprises, without deducting for overlapping.

3




130

DRAINAGE

No. 1 3 3 . — DRAINAGE OF FARM LANDS AND DRAINAGE ENTERPRISES: B y
D ivision s and S t ate s , 1920
[Note.—See headnote, Table 130, especially as regards the difference in the basis of the first four columns
as compared with the last four columns]
Organized and operating drainage
enterprises

Farm lands
With artificial
drainage
Division and State

Capital in­
vested (thou­
sands of dollars)

Additional land
(acres) needing—

Total
Addi­
Per
acreage Improved
In­
cent
Drainage included 1 acreage1 vested tional
re­
of all Drainage and clear­
to Dec. quired
Acreage
only
im­
ing
31,
proved
1919 to com­
plete
land

United States....... 53,024, 975

2&f
'

129, 799
302
ll' 777
New Hampshire
35; 649
Vermont____ ______
39,022
Massachusetts. ___
2, 403
Rhode Island _____
Connecticut...............
14,646
Middle A tlan tic
_ 1,673,638
New York ___ ___ 1,180, 423
174, 260
New Jersey ..........
318, 955
Pennsylvania______
East North Central___ 30, 737, 056
7,365, 532
Ohio........ ..........
Indiana_ ________ 8,308,844
_
Illinois........................ 11, 247, 637
Michigan. ________ 3,156, 632
658,411
Wisconsin..................
West North Central___ 11,758,939
Minnesota_________ 2,993,034
Iow a... ________ > 7, 334, 404
859, 663
Missouri__________
89, 054
North Dakota__ .. .
161, 371
South Dakota______
214, 428
Nebraska......... . . . .
106,985
Kansas.......................
South Atlantic________ 2, 865,072
185,831
Delaware ________
249, 799
Maryland_____ ____
197
Dist. of Columbia_
_
225,068
Virginia......................
38, 464
West Virginia............
North Carolina------- 1,066, 933
676,152
South Carolina_____
Georgia _______ __ 274,688
147, 940
Florida.......................
East South Central . . . 1, 720, 517
225, 228
Kentucky... ______
Tennessee______ . _ 254,118
415, 293
Alabama. _________
Mississippi.................
825, 878
West South Central___ 2,365,701
Arkansas__________
497, 489
Louisiana.. ______ 1,004,935
107,014
Oklahoma...............
Texas........................
756, 263
Mountain. ............ _ 456,015
Montana..................
51,146
64, 648
Idaho.......................
Wyoming. .................
35,654
Colorado_________
127,037
47,311
New Mexico_______
9, 651
Arizona___________
U ta h .........................
74,316
46,252
Nevada..... ................
Pacific..... ..................... 1, 318, 238
274, 696
Washington________
Oregon........ ........ _ _ 229, 582
California............ . __ 813, 960

10.5

10,459, 181 28, 710,458 65,495,038 44,288,235

2.1
86,991
1.3
19,930
1.7
9,914
2.1
19,265
21,212
4.3
1.8
2,240
2.1
14,430
505,910
6.3
9.0
318, 865
11. 2
29,193
2.7
157,852
35.0
3,243, 427
39.7
886, 557
49.8
673, 952
41.2
641,493
24.4
579, 813
5.3
461, 612
6.9
4, 187,385
13. 9 1,801, 457
25.6
1, 661, 744
3,5
163,178
.04
53,161
.09
356, 049
.09
115,425
.03
36,371
5.9
696, 687
28. 5
7,967
8. 0
33, 267
58
4.6
2. 4
77,192
32, 253
0. 7
189, 401
13.0
10.9
125, 548
2.1
143,187
6.4
87,814
3.9
462,040
84,189
1.6
2. 3
76, 644
4.2
150,028
8.9
151,179
3.7
734,305
5.4
129,987
17.9
179, 305
.06
39, 788
2.4
385,225
1.5
329,359
. 05
36, 342
1.4
37, 566
1. 7
23,837
80,121
1.6
2.8
29,016
1.4
9, 596
74,786
4.3
7.8
38,095
5. 5
213,077
3.9
45,206
4.7
75,063
6.9
92,808

310,276
122,123
30,869
49, 647
59, 671
5,934
42,032
906,128
460, 602
48, 688
396,838
5,626,929
1,128, 332
1,043,116
587, 246
1,490, 574
1,377, 661
3,073, 154
1,703,117
391,198
667, 515
158,144
90, 866
30, 393
31, 921
6,814,543
61,002
151,553
57
1,095, 388
278, 615
1, 735, 942
1,216,355
1, 676, 424
599, 207
3,817, 928
4S9,110
563,835
1,460, 628
1,304,355
6,400,287
1, 512, 416
916, 464
225,998
3,745, 389
640,589
76,951
162, 308
45, 229
190, 876
20,086
32, 355
91,140
21,644
1,120,644
530,799
396, 333
193,512

372,274

62,321

31,627,178 25,282,065 134,270
8.107, 204 6, 707,328 30,680
9,087,183 : 7, 605, 565 31,148
3,909, 049 3,532, 316 43, 595
9, 729,171 7,182, 352 24,684
254,504
794,569
4,163
19,217,867 11,630,279 12l, 562
9, 232, 709 3,818, 490 42, 017
5, 224, 478 4,493, 407 49,627
2,596, 204 1,474, 302 20, 723
1, 240, 328 1,026, 574 2, 208
222, 062
178, 540
1, 461
551, 517
4, 589
607, 730
93, 856
87,449
937
2, 385, 384
388, 345 18, 847

6,453
91
796
7, 798
365
402
11,633
2,166
4, 543
4,027
53
272
298
274
14,476

542, 828
140,031
65, 452
1,637,073
2, 323, 595
358, 480
363, 671

204,928
59,075
29,753
94, 589
1,349, 791
245, 334
163, 218

3, 624
582
795
13,847
11, 524
1, 522
2,926

903
354
304
12,916
2,306
299
522

1,601, 444
941, 239 7,076
7,924,197 3, 877,166 28,946
3,479, 591 1,491,777 14,147
2, 266, 328 1,269, 391
9,022
12,150
8, 845
76
2,166,128 1,107,153
5, 701
635,868
7,840
810,076
168, 682
141, 252
665
64, 642
52,098
1,669
95,474
84,846
1,176
171, 656
123,031
1,082
140,219
92, 477
1,711
39, 640
36,880
414
97,314
113,823
1,005
15,940
7,970
118
1,207,243 1,124,721 49,285
'94, 924
81,886
1, 397
200
4,000
4,000
1,108,319 1,038,835 47,687

1,485
13,411
11,741
969
1
700
4,669
181
120
491
203
1,196
612
1,865
6,373
39
6,334

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.
1 Before tabulation the area in each enterprise was reduced by the amount of overlapping with enter­
prises organized previously.




FARMS AND FARM PROPERTY
No. 1 3 4 . — POPULATION, FARMS, AND FARM PROPERTY IN CONTINENTAL
UNITED STATES: 1S50 a n d 1880 to 1920
[Note.—Figures for 1920 relate to January 1, for 1910 to April 15, and for earlier years to June 1]
Item
Total population______
Urban._______ _____
K u ra l1 ____________
Per cent of total___
Farm population. .
Per cent of total_____
Per cent of rural_____

1850

1890

1880

23, 191,876

50,155, 783
14,358,167
3oi 797,616
71.4

1910

1900

62, 947, 714
22, 298, 359
40, 649, 355
64. 6

75, 994, 575
30, 380, 433
45, 614,142
60.0

1920

91,972, 266
42,166,120
49, 806,146
54.2

i

Number of farms..........

105, 710,620
54,304,603
51,406,017
48.6
31,614, 269
29. 9
61. 5
6,448,343

1,449,073
4,008,907
4, 564,641 !
5, 787, 372
6,361, 502
1
Approximate total land
area of the United
S ta te s.............. acres.. 1,884,375, 680 1,903, 337,600 1, 903, 337, 600 1,903,461,760 1,903,289, 600 1,903, 215,360
All lands in farms.acres. 293, 560,614 536, 081, 835 623,218,619 8S8,591,774 878,798, 325 955, 883, 715
Improved land .acres.. 113, 032,614 284, 771,042 357, 616, 755 414,498,487 478,451,750 503,073,007
Unimproved land.do.. 180, 528, 000 251,310, 793 265, 601,864 424,093, 287 400, 346, 575 452, 810, 708

Per cent of total land
area represented by
all land in farms_
_

*

32. 7
18.6
14.0 1

38.5
61. 5

53. 1
46.9

57.4
42. 6(

202.6
78,0
124.6

133.7
71.0
62.7

205

50.2
26.4
23.8

49.4
50.6

54. 4
45.6

52.6
47.4

136.5
78.3
58.2

146. 2
72. 2
73.9

138.1
75.2
62.9

148.2
78.0
70.2

176

176

183

192

210

3,967,344
3,271,575

12,180, 502
10,197,097

16, 082, 268
13,279, 253

20,439,901
16,614,647
13,058,008
3, 556,639

40, 991,449
34,801,126
28,475,674
6,325,452

77,924,100
66,316,003
54,829,563
11,486,440

151,588
544,181

406, 520
1, 576,885

494,247
2,308, 768

749,776
3,075,478

1,265,150
4,925,174

3,594,773
8,013, 325

82.5

83.7

82.6

81.3
63.9
17.4

84.9
69.5
15.4

85.1
70.4
17.4

3.8
13.7

3.3
12.9

3.1
14.4

3.7
15,0

3.1
12.0

4.6
10.3

2, 738
2,258

3, 038
2, 544

3, 523
2,909

3, 563
2,896
2, 276
620

6,444
5,471
4,476
994

12,084
10,281
8,503
1,781

105
376

101
393

108
506

131
536

199
774

557
1,243

13. 51
11.14

22.72
19.02

25. 81
21.31

24.37
19.81
15. 57
4.24

46.64
39.60
32. 40
7,20

81. 52
69.38
57. 36
12, 02

.52
1.85

.76
2.94

.79
3. 70

.89
3. 67

1.44
5. 60

3. 76
8.38

Improved land. . .. .
Unimproved land.......
Inhabitants per 1,000
acres of improved
farm land..................

Land and buildings...
Land_____________
Buildings_________
Implements and ma­
chinery.....................
Livestock...................
Per cent of value of all
farm property repre­
sented by: t
Land and buildings__
Land
_________
Buildings_________
Implements and ma­
chinery___________
Livestock.....................

28.2
15.0
13.2

48.2
25.1
21.0

Average acreage per
farm, all land.........

Value (thousands of dol­
lars), all farm prop­
erty__...................

15.6
6.0
9.6

44.1
21.8
22-3

Improved farm land...
Unimproved farm land
Per cent of all land in
farms:
Improved la n d ..........
Unimproved land------

Average value per farm
(dollars), all farm
property _______

Land and buildings...
Land......... ........... ...
Buildings______ __
Implements and ma­
chinery __________
Livestock...................

Average value per acre of
all land in farms
(dollars), all farm
property...............

Land and buildings...
Land
Buildings .. ... . _
Implements and ma­
chinery ....................
Livestock......... ..........

!
|

Source: B u re a u of th e C ensus, D ep artm en t of C om m erce.

1

Population residing outside of incorporated places having 2,500 inhabitants or over.




131

132

NUM BER OF FARMS

No. 135.— NUMBER OF FARMS IN CONTINENTAL fcNITED STATES: B y
S ize of F arm , and b y T enure and C olor of O perator , 18 8 0 to 1920
Size of farm, tenure, and color

1880

1890

BY S I Z E
^
Number, total................................................

4,008,907

4, 564,641

5, 737, 372

6,361, 502

6,448,343

Under 10 acres.............................. .............
10 to 19 acres...............................................
20 to 49 acres................................. -...........
60 to 99 acres............................................
100 to 499 acres...... ...................................-

139, 241
254, 749
781, 574
1,032,810
1,695, 983

150,194
265,550
902, 777
1,121,485
2,008, 694

500 to 999 acres................................. ..........
1,000 acres and over........................-........-

75, 972
28, 578

84,395
31,546

267,229
406,641
1,257,496
1,366,038
2,290,282
1,422,262
490,069
377,951
102,526
47,160

335, 043
504,123
1,414,376
1,438,069
2,494,461
1,516,286
534,191
443,984
125, 295
50,135

288,772
507, 703
1, 503, 732
1,474,745
2,456,107
1,449,630
530,800
475,677
149,819
67,405

Per cent distribution, to ta l.........................

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Under 10 acres.........................................
10 to 19 acres............................................. 20 to 49 acres .............................................
50 to 99 acres............................ ... ..........................
100 to 499 acres__ ______________ __________

3.5
6.4
19,5
25.8
42.3

3.3
5.8
19.8
24.6
44.0

175 to 259 acres _______ _________
260 to 499 acres _____________ _____
500 to 999 acres................................. ..........................
-1,000 acres and over ....................... ................................

1.9
.7

1.8
.7

4.7
7.1
21.9
23.8
39.9
* 24.8
8.5
6.6
1.3
.8

5.3
7.9
22.2
22. 6
39.2
23.8
8.4
7.0
2.0

4.5
7.9
23.3
22.9
38.1
22. 5
8. 2
7.4
2.3
1.0

Number, total.................................... .................................................. 4,008,907
Owners and managers, total_______ ____ " 2,984,306

4, 564,641

5, 737, 372

6,301,502

6,448,343

3,269,728

3,712,408
3,653, 323
3, 201, 947
451,376
59,085

4,006,826
3,948,722
3,354,897
593,825
58,104

3,993,539
3,925,090
3,366,510
558, 580
63,449

1,024, aoi
702, 244
322,357

1,294,913
840,254
454,659

2,024,964
1 , 273, 299
751,665

2,854,676
1,528, 389
826,287

2,454,804
1, 806, 634
648,170

100,0

100.0

7 AI i
A
/

71 O
• 1*

25. 6

28.4

100.0
63.7
1.0
35.3

100.0
62.1
.9
37.0

100.0
60.9
1.1
38.1

BY

Tenants, total............. ................... ...........................
Share and share-cash ------------ -----------------------Cash and unspecified.,................ .. ........

P ot cent distribution: total ................................ ..............
Owners ................ ..................................................................... . . .
M anagers, ...........................................- -------------------------------Tenants_____________ ________ __________ ___________
COLO R

1910

1920

.8

TENURE

O w ners.._____ .
. .........................................
Owning entire fa rm _______________________
______
Hiring additional land ______
Managers
___________________

BY

1900

A NO TE N U RE

\
/

/
l

OF FARM ER

White farmers, total..................................... ..

.........................

4,969,608

5,440,619

5,498,454

Owners, total . . ___________ ___________________
Owning entire farm _____________________________
Hiring additional land ______ __________________
Managers
_________________________________

3,446, 806
3,025, 931
420,875
57,261

3,707,501
3,159,088
548,413
56, 560

3,691,868
3,174,109
517,759
66,223

Tenants, toiaL_________________ ____________________
Share and share-cash__________________________
Cash and unspecified............................... .....................

1,465,541
988,539
477,002

1,676,558
1,140,215
536,343

1,740,363
1,283,337
457,026

Colored farmers, total ........... ...........

767,764

920,883

949,889

Owners, total..................... ......................................................
Owning entire farm ...................................................
Hiring additional land ___________ ___________
Managers................................................................................. . .

206, 517
176,016
30, 501
1,824

241, 221
195,809
45,412
1,544

233, 222
192,401
40,821
2,226

Tenants, to ta l. .............................................................................
Share and share-cash............................ ........................
Cash and unspecified,......................................... ...

559,423
284, 760
274,663

678,118
388,174
289,944

714,441
523,297
191,144

CO LO RED

FAR M E R S, BY

RACE

Total........................................................................................ .'____________

767, 764

920,883

S49,889

Negroes.................... .........................................................................
Indians.................................................................... ........................... .
Japanese....................................................
Chinese......................................................................... ............

746,715
19,910
39
1,100

893,370
24,251
2,502
760

925,708
16,680
6,892
609

Source; Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce,



133

ACREAGE OF FARMS

No. 1 3 6 .— ACREAGE OF FARM LAND IN CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES,
TOTAL AND IMPROVED: B y S ize of F arm , and by T enure and C olor of
O perator
A creage

P er cent d istrib u tio n

Size of farm, tenure, and color
1900

1910

1920

1900

1910

A ll farm l&nd, total...................
Under 20 acres.......................
20 to 49 acres.................. .
60 to 99 ac re s.........................
100 to 174 acres.......................
175 to 499 acres.......................
500 to 999 acres.......................
1.000 acres and o ver..............

838, 591,774
7,180,839
41,536,128
98,591,699
192,680,321
232,954, 515
67, 864,116
197,784,156

878, 798,325
8,793,820
45,378, 449
103,120, 868
205,480, 585
265, 289,069
83,653,487
167,082,047

955,883,715
8,688,899
48,464,330
105,630, 796
194, 681,260
276,806,995
100,975,916
220,635, 519

100.0
.9
5.0
11.8
23.0
27.8
8.1
23.6

100.0
1.0
5.2
11.7
23.4
30.2
9.5
19.0

100.0
.9
5.1
11.1
20.4
29.0
116
23.1

Improved farm land, total.......
Under 20 acres.......................
20 to 49 acres.....................
50 to 99 acres.........................
100 to 174 acres.-...................
175 to 499 acres.......................
500 to 999 acres.......................
1.000 acres and o ver..............

414,498,487
6,440,447
33,000, 734
67,344, 759
118,390, 708
135, 530,043
29, 474,642
24,317,154

478,451,750
7,991, 543
36,596,032
71,155, 246
128,853, 538
161, 775,502
40,817,118
31,262, 771

603,073,007
7,803, 761
38,507,730
72,621,719
128,200,972
170,074, 735
48,134,952
37, 729,138

100.0
L6
8 .0
16.2
28.6
32.7
7.1
5.9

100.0
1.7
7.6
14.9
26.9
33.8 ;
8.5
6.5

100.0
1.6
7.7
14.4
25.5
33.8
9.6
7.5

838, 591, 774 | 878,798,325

955,883,715

100.0

100.0

100.0

556,040,051
431,261,249
124,778,802

598,554,617
464,923, 315
133,631,302

636,775,015
461,250,133
175,524,882

66.3
5L 4
14.9

88.1
52.9
15.2

66.6
48.3
18.4

87,518,186

53,730,865

54,129,157

10.4

1920

BY SIZE OF FABM

BY TElffTHE

A ll farm land, total...................
Owners__________________
Owning entire form _____
Hiring additional lan d __
Managers................................
Tenants..................................
Share_____ _______ _____
Share-cash..........................
Cash.....................................
Unspecified...... ..................

195,033,587
226,512,343
| 117,710,370 / 123,053,718
\ 19,389,868
f 67,846,851
} " 77,323,167 \ 16,222,406

6.1 :

264,979,543
213
160,722,551 } 14.0 /
24,334,428
\
71,481,655
/
8,440,909 } 9 .2 l

,5.7

25.8
14.0
2.2
7.7
1.8

27.7
16.8
2.5
7.5
.9

Improved farm land, total___

414,498,487

478,451,750

503,073,007

109.0

1010

100.0

Owners___________ ____ _
Owning entire fa rm ..........
Hiring additional lan d . - .

278,231,252
221,488,917
56, 742,335

309,850,421
233,808, 597
76,041,824

314,107,483
235,177,464
78,930,019

67.1
53.4
13.7

64.8
48.9
15.9

62.4
46.7
15.7

10,909,500

12,314,015

13,210,999

2.6

2.6

2.6

175,754,525
30.2
112,879,950 | 20.0
19,933,107
38,386,494 } 10.3
4,554,974

32.7
18.8
3.3
8.7
1.9

34.9
22.4
4.0
7.6
.9

Managers...............................
Tenants__________ _______
Share....................................
Share-cash_____________
C a sh .._________________
Unspecified____ ________

156,287,314
125,357,785
\ 82,773,326 / 89,737,744
\ 15,923,917
} 42,584,409 / 41,666,162
\ 9,059,491

/
1
/
\

BY COLOB OF FABMEB

A ll farm land, total............. .
W hite farmers____________
Colored farmers.....................

838, 591,774
796,825,751
41,766,023

878,798, 325
832,166,020
46,632,305

955, 883,715
910,939,194
44,944,521

100.0
95.0
5.0

100.0
94.7
5.3

100.0
95.3
4.7

Improved farm land, total.......
W hite fanners____ _______
Colored farm ers....................

414,498,487
390,201,306
24,297,181

478,451,750
449,418,265
29,033, 485

503,073,007
473,774,566
29,298,441

1010
94.1
5.9

100.0
93.9
6.1

106.0
912
5.8

Source; Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce,




134

NUMBER AND ACREAGE OF FARMS

No. 1 3 7 . — NUMBER AND ACREAGE OF FARMS: A ll L and , I mproved L and ,

A ll land in farms (thou­ Im proved land in farms
sands of acres)
(thousands of acres)

Number of farms
Division and State

1900

1910

1920

1900

1910

1920

1900

1910

1920

United States___ 5, 737, 372 6, 361, 502 6,448,343 838, 592 878,798 955,884 414,498 478,452 503,073
Ne w England „ _........_.
M aine ....................
New H ampshire___
V erm ont............. .......
M assach usetts____
Rhode Isla n d ...........
Connecticut...............

191, $88
59, 299
29,324
33, 104
37, 715
5, 498
26,948

188, 802
60,016
27, 053
32, 709
36, 917
5,292
26,815

156, 564
48, 227
20,523
29, 075
32, 001
4,083
22, 655

20, 549
6, 300
3, 610
4, 724
3,147
456
2,312

19,715
6, 297
3, 249
4, 664
2,876
443
2,186

16, 991
5, 426
2, 604
4, 236
2, 494
332
1,899

8,134
2, 387
1,077
2,127
1,292
187
1,065

7,255
2,361
929
1,634
1,165
178
988

6,115
1,977
703
1,692
909
133
701

Middle Atlantic. ____
New Y o rk _______
New Jersey________
Pennsylvania............

485, 818
226, 720
34, 650
224, 248

468,379 1 425,147
215, 597
193,195
29, 702
33, 487
219, 295
202, 250

44,860
22, 648
2,841
19,371

43,191
22, 030
2, 574
18, 587

40, 573
20, 633
2,283
17,658

30, 786
15,600
1,977
13,209

29,321
14, 844
1, 803
12,674

26, 562
13,159
1,556
11,848

East North Central___ 1,135,823 1, 123,489 1,084, 744 118,841 117,929 117,735
Ohio............................ 276, 719
272, 045 ; 256,695 24, 502 24,106 23, 516
In d ian a...................... 221, 897
215, 485
205,126 21, 620 21, 300 21, 063
Illin o is .................... . 264, 151
251, 872 : 237,181 32, 795 32, 523 31, 975
203, 261
206, 960 , 196,447 17, 562 18, 941 19,033
M ichigan............... .
Wisconsin..................
169, 795
177,127
189, 295 19, 863 21,060 22,148

86,670
19, 244
16,680
27, 699
11, 799
11, 247

88,947
19, 228
16, 931
28, 048
12, 832
11,908

87,895
18,542
16, 680
27, 295
12, 926
12, 452

West North Central. _ .. 1,060,744 1,109,948 1,096,951 201,009 232,648 256, 973 135,644 164,285 171,394
M innesota.. _ .
154, 659
156,137
178, 478 26, 248 27, 676 30, 222 18,443 19,644 21,482
Iow a............. ............. 228,622
217, 044
213, 439 34, 574 33, 931 33, 475 29, 898 29,491 28, 607
Missouri ...............
284, 886
277, 244
263, 004 33, 998 34, 591 34, 775 22,900 24,581 24, 833
North D akota..........
45, 332
74, 360
9, 645 20,455 24,563
77, 690 15, 543 28, 427 36, 215
South D akota...........
52, 622
77, 644
74, 637 19,071 26, 017 34, 636 11, 286 15, 82L' 18,199
Nebraska................... 121, 525
129, 678
124, 417 29, 912 38, 622 42, 225 18,433 24,383 23,110
Kansas .................... . 173,098
177,841
165, 286 41,663 43,385 45,425 25,041 29,904 30,601
South Atlantic___ . . .
Delaware ...........
M a ry la n d .................
D ist. o f C olum bia...
Virginia......................
W est V irgin ia..........
North Carolina . . .
South C a ro lin a ___
G e o rg ia .................. .
F lorida.............. . . . .

962,225 1,111,881 1, 158, 976 104,298 103,782
1,039
9, 687
10,836
10,140
1,066
46,012
5,170
48,923
47,908
5,057
269
204
217
8
6
167,886
184,018
186, 242 19,908 19,496
92, 874
96, 685
87, 289 10, 655 10, 026
224, 637
253, 725
269, 763 22, 749 22, 439
155, 355
176, 434
192, 693 13, 985 13, 512
224, 691
291,027
310, 732 26, 392 26, 953
40, 814
5, 254
50,016
54, 005
4, 364

97,775
945
4,758
6
18, 561
9, 570
20,022
12,427
25, 441
6,047

46,100
754
3,516
6
10,095
5, 499
8, 327
5, 776
10,616
1,512

48,480
714
3,355
5
9,870
5,522
8,813
6,098
12,298
1,805

48,510
653
3,137
4
9,460
5, 520
8,198
6,184
13,055
2,297

East South Central____
K e n tu c k y .______
T ennessee________
A la b a m a ........ .........
Mississippi-............. .

903, 313 l, 042,480 1, 051,600
234, 667
259,185
270, 626
224, 623
252, 774
246, 012
223, 220
262, 901
256,099
220, 803
274, 382
272,101

78,897
21, 613
19, 511
19, 577
18,197

40,237
13, 742
10, 246
8, 655
7, 594

43,947
14,354
10, 890
9,694
9,008

44,380
13, 976
11,185
9,893
9,326

West South Central___
Arkansas__________
L o u isia n a .................
Oklahoma. ______
Texas................. .........

754, 853
178, 694
115, 969
108,000
352, 190

943,186
214, 678
120, 546
190,192
417, 770

996,088 176,491 169,150 173,449
232,604 16,637 17, 416 17, 457
135, 463 11,059 10, 439 10, 020
191, 988 22,988 28, 859 31, 952
436,033 125,807 112, 435 114, 021

39,771
6,954
4,667
8, 574
19, 576

58,264
8,076
5,276
17, 551
27,361

64,190
9,211
5,626
18,125
31,228

Mountain...................... .
M ontana..................
Id a h o ......................
W yom in g..................
C olorad o.._
___
New M e x ic o ............
A rizon a......... ............
U tah_____ _____ _
N evada.......................

101,327
13,370
17,471
6,095
24, 700
12,311
5,809
19, 387
2,184

183, 446
26,214
30, 807
10, 987
46,170
35, 676
9, 227
21, 676
2, 689

244,109
57, 677
42,106
15, 748
59, 934
29,844
9, 975
25, 662
3,163

46,397
11,844
3, 205
8,125
9,475
5,131
1,935
4,117
2,566

59, 533 117,337
13, 546 35, 071
5,284
8, 376
8, 543 11, 809
13, 532 24, 462
11, 270 24,410
5,802
1,247
3, 398
5,050
2, 715
2,357

8,403
1,737
1,413
792
2,274
327
255
1,032
573

15,915
3,640
2,779
1,256
4,302
1,467
350
1, 368
752

30,106
11,007
4, 512
2,102
7,745
1,717
713
1,715
595

Pacific______________
Washington_______
Oregon_____ . . . . . .
. California...................

141, 581
33, 202
35, 837
72, 542

189,891
56,192
45, 502
88,197

234,164
66, 288
50,206
117,670

47,400
8, 499
10, 071
28,829

51,329
11,712
11,685
27, 931

18, 753
3, 466
3,328
11,959

22,038
6, 373
4, 275
11,390

23,922
7,129
4, 914
11, 878

81,248
21, 979
20, 342
20, 685
18, 241

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce




81, 521
22,189
20, 042
20, 732
18, 558

56,153
13,245
13, 542
29,366

135

NUMBER AND ACREAGE OF FARMS
T otal. A c r e a g e

and

A verage

per

F a r m , an d

P ercentage

D is t r ib u t io n

Average ac reage per farm
Per cent of farm
land improved

1900

A ll land in farms

1910 10 2 0

1900

1910

1920

Improved land in
farms
1900

1910

1920

Total
Per
of
land area land cent in total
area
farms Division
1920
(thou­
and State
sands of
acres)
1900 1 9 1 0 1920

49.4

54.4

52.6

146.2

138.1

148.2

72.2

75.2

78.0 1,903,215

44.1

46.2

39.6
37. 9
29.8
45.0
4 1.1
41. 1
46.0

36. 8
37. 5
28.6
35. 0
40. 5
40. 2
45. 2

36. 0
36.4
27.0
39. 9
36.4
40. 1
36.9

107. 1
106.2
123. 1
142. 7
83. 4
82.9
85.8

104.4
104. 9
120. 1
142.0
77. 9
83.8
81.5

108. 5
112. 5
126. 9
145. 7
77, 9
81. 2
83.8

42.4
40. 3
36. 7
64. 2
34. 3
34. 1
39.5

38. 4
39. 3
34. 3
50. 0
31. 5
33. 7
36.9

39.
41.
34.
58.
28.
32.
30.

1
0
2
2
4
5
9

39, 665
19,133
5, 780
5,839
5,145
683
3,085

51. 8
32.9
62. 5
80. 9
61. 2
66. 7
74.9

49. 7 42. 8
32. 9 28. 4
56. 2 45. 0
79. 9 72. 5
55. 9 48. 5
64. 9 48. 6
70.9 ; 61.6

68.6
68.9
69.6
68.2

67.9
67. 4
70. 1
68.2

65. 5
63.8
68. 2
67.1

92.4
99. 9
82. 0
86.4

92,2
102. 2
76.9
84. 8

95.4
106.8
76.8
87.3

63.4
68.8
57. 1
58.9

62. 6
68. 8
53. 9
57.8 ;

62.
68.
52.
58.

5
1
4
6

64,000
30, 499
4, 809
28, 692

70. 1
74. 3
59. 1
67.5

67. 5
72. 2
53. 5
64.8

63.4
67. 7
47. 5
61.5

Mid. Atl.
N. Y .
N. J.
Pa.

74.5
78.5
77. 2
84. ft
67.2
56. G

75.4
79. 8
79. 5
86. 2
67. 8
56. 5

74.
78.
79.
85.
67.
56.

7
9
2
4
9
2

102.4
88.5
97.4
124. 2
86.4
117.0

105.0
88. 6
98.8
129. 1
91, 5
118.9

108. 5
91. 6
102.7
134.8
96.9
117,0

76.3
79.2
70. 7
69. 5
75. 2 1 78. 6
104.9 111.4
58. 0
62.0
66. 2
67. 2

81. 0
72. 2
81. 3
115. 1
65.8
65.8

157,161 74. 1 75.0
26, 074 94.0 92. 5
23, 009 94. 1 92. 3
35, 868 91. 5 ; 90. 7
36, 787 1 47. 7 51. 5
35, 364 56. 2 ; 59. G

74.9
90. 2
91. 3
89. 1
51. 7
62.6

E, K . C.
T
Ohio.
Ind.
111.
Mich.
w is.

67.5
70.3
86.5
67.4
62.1
59. 2
61.6
60.1

70.8
71. 0
86.9
71. 1
72.0
60. 8
63. 1
68.9

66.7
71. 1
85. 5
71. 4
67. 8
52. ft
54. 7
67.4

189. 5
169. 7
151. 2
119. 3
342.9
362. 4
246. 1
240.7

209.6
177.3
156. 3
124.8
382. 3
335. 1
297,8
244.0

234.3
169. 3
156.8
132. 2
466. 1
464. 1
339.4
274.8

127.9
119. 2
130.8
80.4
212.8
214. 5
151. 7
144. 7

148.0
125.8
135.9
88. 7
275. 1
203.8
188.0
168. 2

156.2
120.4
134. 0
94.4
316. 2
243.8
185.7
185.1

326, 915
fil, 749
35, 575
43, 985
44,917
49,196
49,157
52,335

81. 5
50. 7
97. 2
77. 3
34. 0
38.8
60.8
79.6

71.2
53. 5
95. 4
78. 6
63. 3
52. 9
78. 6
82.9

78.6
58. 4
94.1
79.1
80. 6
70.4
85.9
86.8

W. N, C.
Minn.
Iowa.
Mo.
N .Dak.
S. Dak.
Nebr.
Kans.

44.2
70. 7
68. 0
69. 9
50. 7
51.6
36.6
41. 3
40. 2
34. 6

46.7
68. 7
66. 3
84. 7
50. 6
55. 1
39. 3
45. 1
45. 6
34. 4

49.6
69. 1
65. 9
75. 1
51. 0
57. 7
40. 9
49. 8
51.3
38.0

108.4
110.1
112.4
31. 6
118.6
114. 7
101.3
90. 0
117.5
106.9

93.3
95. 9
103.4
27.9
105.9
103. 7
88.4
76. 6
92.6
105.0

84.4
93. 1
99. 3
27. 8
99. 7
109. 6
74. 2
64. 5
81.9
112. 0

47. 9
77. 8
76.4
22. 1
60.1
59. 2
37. 1
37. 2
47. 2
37.0

43.6
65.8
68. 6
23. 7
53. 6
57. 1
34. 7
34. 6
42. 3
36.1

41.9
64.4
65. 5
20. 9
50.8
63. 2
30.4
32.1
42. 0
42.5

172,205
1, 258
6, 362
38
25, 768
15,374
31,194
19,517
37, 584
35,111

60.6
84. 8
81. 3
22.1
77. 3
69.3
72.9
71. 7
70. 2
12. 4

60. 3
82. 6
79. 5
15. 8
75. 7
65. 2
71.9
69. 2
71. 7
15.0

56. 8 S. Atl.
75. 1 : Del.
Md.
74. 8
14.8
D. C.
72.0
Va.
62. 2
W . Va.
N. C.
64. 2
63. 7
S. C.
67. 7
Ga.
17.2
Fla.

49. 5
62.5
50. 4
41.8
41.6

53. 9
64. 7
54.3
46.8
48.5

56.3
64. 7
57.3
50. 5
51.2

89.9
93. 7
90.6
92. 7
82.6

78.2
85. 6
81. 5
78.9
67.6

75.0
79.9
77. 2
76. 4
66.9

44. 5
58.6
45. 6
38.8
34.4

42.2
55. 4
44. 3
36. 9
32.8

42.2
51. 6
44.3
38.6
34.3

114, 886
25,716
26, 680
32, 819
29, 672

70.7
85. 5
76. 2
63. 0
61. 5

71.0
86.3
75. 1
63. 2
62.5

68.7
84.0
73.1
59.7
61.3

E. S. C.
K y.
Term.
Ala.
Miss.

22.5
41.8
42. 2
37.3
15.6

34.4
46. 4
50. 5
60.8
24. 3

37.0
52.8
56. 2
56. 7
27.4

233.8 179.3
93.1
8 1.1
95. 4 : 86.6
212.9 151.7
357.2 269.1

174.1
75. 0
74.0
166. 4
261.5

52.7
38.9
40. 2
79.4
55,6

61.8
37.6
43.8
92.3
65.5

64.4
39.6
41. 5
94.4
71.6

275,037
33,616
29, 062
44, 425
167,935

64.2
49. 5
38. 1
51. 7
74.9

61. 5
51.8
35.9
65.0
67.0

68.1
51.9
34.5
71.9
67.9

w. s. c.

18.1
14, 7
44.1
9.8
24.0
6. 4
13. 2
25.1
22.3

26. 7 25.7 457. 9
26. 9 . 31.4 885. 9
52. 6 53. 9 183. 4
14. 7 17.8 1,333.0
31. 8 31. 7 383. 6
13. 0
7.0 416. 8
28. 1 12. 3 333. 2
40. 3 34. 0 212. 4
27.7 25.2 1,174.7

324. 5 480.7
516. 7 608. 1
171. 5 198.9
777. 6 749.9
293. 1 408.1
315.9 817,9
135. 1 581. 7
156. 7 196.8
1,009.6 745.2

82.9
129.9
80.9
130.0
92.1
26. 6
43. 8
53.2
262.3

86.8
138.9
90. 2
114.3
93. 2
4 1.1
38.0
63. 1
279. 7

123.3
190.8
107. 2
133. 5
129. 2
57. 5
71. 5
66.8
188.0

549,766
93, 524
53, 347
62,431
66, 341
78, 402
72, 838
52, 598
70,285

8.4
12. 7
6.0
13.0
14. 3
6. 5
2. 7
7.8
3. 7

10.8
14. 5
9.9
13.7
20.4
14.4
1, 7
6.5
3.9

21.3
37.5
15. 7
18.9
36.9
3 1.1
8 .0
9.6
3.4

Mnt.
Mont.
Idaho.
W yo.
Colo.
N.Mex.
Ariz.
Utah.
Nev.

39.6
40.8
33.0
41.5

42.9
54. 4
36. 6
40.8

132.5
104.4
92.9
164.9

116. 1
113.4
93.9
129.1

102.2
107.6
97.9
100.9

203,581
42, 775
61,188
99,617

23.3
19.9
16. 5
28.9

25.2
27.4
19.1
28.0

27.6
31.0
22.1
29. 5

Pacific.
Wash.
Oreg.
Calif.

42. 6
53. 8
36. 3
40.4

334.8
256. 0
281.0
397.4

270.3
208. 4
256.8
316. 7

239. 8
199.8
269. 7
249. 6

105496°— s A 1923----- 11




50.2

TJ.S.
N. Eng.
Me.
N. H.
V t.
Mass.
R. I.
Conn.

A rk.
La.
Okla.
Tex.

136

FARM POPULATION
No. 1 3 8 .—FARM POPULATION AND TOTAL POPULATION, 1920
Farm population
Total
D ivision and State

Total
population
Number

United States..............................

105, 710,620

31,614,269

New England.........................................
M aine....... .................................... .......
N ew H a m p sh ire ............................ .
V erm ont......................................... .
M assachusetts.................................. .
Rhode Island................................ .
Connecticut........................................

7,400, 909
768,014
443, 083
352, 428
3, 852, 356
604, 397
1, 380, 631

625, 877
197, 601
76, 021
125, 263
118, 554
15,136
93, 302

M iddle Atlantic.................................... .
New Y o rk ..... ......................................
New Jersey
.................................
P ennsylvania.............................. .......

22,261,144
10, 385, 227
3,155. 900
8, 720,017

I, 892, 789
800,747
143, 708
948,334

East North Central........................... .
Ohio........................................ ............
Indiana____ ____ _______ . _____
Illinois.......................................... .......
Michigan _ .........................................
W isconsin...........................................

21,475, 543
5, 759. 394
2, 930, 390
6,185, 280
3, 668, 412
2, 632,067

West North C e n t r a l . _____________
M in nesota..........................................
Iowa__________ ____ _ _____ ___
Missouri ..................................... .........
N orth D akota_______ _____ ____
South D akota.................... _ ___
N ebraska.............................................
Kansas......................................... . . .

In cities
and other
incorpo­
Per cent
rated
o fto ta l places of
popula­
2,500
tion
and over

Number

Per cent
of rural
popula­
tion

255,629

31,358,640

61.0

8. 5
90,455
25. 7
8, 575
11,414
17. 2
35. 5
818
56, 822
3. 1
9, 821
2. 5
6.8 - 3,005

535,422
189, 026
64,607
124, 445
61, 732
5, 315
90,297

34.9
40.4
39.6
51.3
30.5
34.9
20.3

8. 5
7. 7
4. 6
10.9

31,628
17, 793
6,861
6,974

1,861,161
782, 954
136,847
941,360

33.3
43,6
20.1
30.2

4,913,633
1,139, 329
907, 295
1,098, 262
843,710
920,037

22.9
19.8
31. 0
16. 9
23, 1
35.0

26,429
5,417
4, 475
7, 526
4, 211
4,800

4,887,204
1,133,912
902,820
1,090, 736
844,499
915,237

58.0
54, 5
62. 4
52.4
59. 2
66.0

12, 544, 249
2, 378, 125
2, 404, 021
3, 404, 055
646, 872
636, 547
1. 296, 372
1,769,257

5,171, 596
897,181
984, 799
1, 211, 346
394, 500
362, 221
584, 172
737, 377

41.2
37. 6
41. 0
35. 6
61. 0
56. 9
45. 1
41. 7

18,413
3,721
7,105
3,447
878
335
1,434
1,493

5,153,183
893, 460
977, 694
1, 207, 899
393, 622
361,886
582, 738
735,884

65.9
66.9
64.0
66.5
70.5
67.7
65.4
63.9

South Atlantic .......................... ............
Delaware .........................................
M arylan d .......................................... .
D istrict o f C o lu m b ia_______ . .
Virginia.............................................. .
W est V irg in ia....................................
N orth C aro lin a............................... .
South Carolina...................................
Georgia..............................................
Florida............................... ...............

13,990,272
223, 003
1,449, 661
437, 571
2, 309, 187
1, 463, 701
2, 559, 123
1, 683, 724
2, 895, 832
968, 470

6,416,698
51, 212
279,225
894
1,064, 417
477, 924
1, 501, 227
1,074, 693
1, 685, 213
281, 893

45.9
23. 0
19. 3
.2
46. 1
32. 7
58. 7
63.8
58. 2
29.1

18,941
61
1, 569
894
4,504
1,293
1,281
2,214
4,602
2, 523

6,397,757
51,151
277,656

66.3
50.0
47.9

1,059,913
476, 631
1,499, 946
1,072,479
1, 680, 611
279, 370

618
43.5
72.5
77.2
77. 5
45.6

East South C e n tr a l.___ _____ _ _
K e n tu c k y .......................... .............. .
Tennessee.................... ................ .......
A labam a..............................................
Mississippi.................... ................. .

8, 89S, 307
2, -116, 630
2, 337, 885
2, 348, 174
1, 790, 618

5,182, 937
1, 304, 862
1, 271, 708
1, 335, 885
1,270,482

58.3
54.0
54. 4
56.9
71.0

8,131
2, 520
2, 529
1,372
1,710

5,174,806
1, 302, 342
1, 269,179
1,334,513
1,268,772

75,0
73.0
73.5
72.6
81.8

West South Central................................
Arkansas______ _ . . . ................. .
L o u isia n a ......................................... .
Oklahoma.................. ........................
T exas...................................................

10,242,224
1, 752, 204
1,798, 509
2,028, 283
4, 663,228

5,228,199
1,147,049
786, 050
1, 017, 327
2,277,773

51.0
65. 5
43. 7
50. 2
48.8

17,629
2, 567
1,595
1,428
12,039

5,210, 570
1,144, 482
784, 455
1,015, 899
2,265,734

71.7
78.3
67.0
68.2
71.9

Mountain................................................
M o n ta n a______________________
Idaho....................................................
W yom ing___________ _______ ___
Colorado...............................................
New Mexico........................................
Arizona.................................................
U tah............................................. .
N evada........ ......................................

3,336,101,
548, 889
431, 866
194, 402
939, 629
360, 350
334,162
449, 396
77, 407

1,168,367
225, 667
200,902
67,306
266,073
161, 446
90, 560
140, 249
16,164

35.0
4 1.1
46. 5
34. 6
28. 3
44. 8
27.1
3 1.2
20.9

15,374
278
4,339
230
792
904
393
8,377
61

1,152,993
225, 389
196, 563
67,076
265,281
160, 542
90,167
131, 872
16,103

514
59.8
62.8
48.9
54.5
513
41.6
56.4
25.9

Pacifica*................................................... .
Washington ................................... .
O regon _________ ______________
C alifornia-..........................................

5. 566, 871
1,356, 621
783, 389
3, 426, 861

1,014,173
283, 382
214, 021
516, 770

18.2
20. 9
27. 3
15. 1

28,629
3, 360
2,012
23,257

985,544
280,022
212,009
493* 513

47.0
46.1
510
45.1

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.




29.9

In rural territory

SIZE OF FARMS

137

No. 139*—NUMBER OF FARMS: B y S iz e , b y G e o g r a ph ic D iv is io n s , 1900 to
1920, a n d b y S t a t e s , 1920
Division and State
U nited S tates

Total

1,000
U nder 20 to 49 50 to 99 100 to 174 175 to 260 to 500 to acres
20
259
999
499
acres
acres
acres
acres
acres acres acres and
over

................. 1900-. 5,737,372 673,870 1,257,496 1,366,038 1,422,282 490,069 377,951 102, 526 47,160
1 910- 6,361, 502 839,166 1,414,376 1,438,069 1, 616,288 534,191 443,984 125, 295 50,135
1920- 6,448,343 796, 535 1, 503, 732 1,474,745 1,449,630 530,800 475,677 149,819 67,405

33,805
N ew E ngland.......................1900— 191,888 28,018
33,822
1910— 188,802 34, 304
1920-_ 156, 564 25, 888
27.117
48,227 4,525
6,768
M aine_________
20,523 2,897
3,375
N ew Hampshire.
2.924
29,075 3, 350
V erm ont..........
32,001 9, 505
7, 532
Massachusetts. - 936
983
4,083
Rhode Island___
22,655 4, 673
5,535
Connecticut-.......... .
1 900 - 485,618 75.165
84,330
M id d le A tlantic.............
1 910 - 468,379 80,919
78,375
1920.. 425,147 65,725
70,492
" Jpw Y nrV
N
193,195 26, 540
27,267
29,702 7,222
6,763
New J e r s e y __ _________ ____
Pennsvlvania .
. . 202,250 31,963
36,462
East North C en tral— . — 1900— 1,135,823 100,071 280,411
1 910 - 1,123, 489 108,283 197,164
1 920 - L084, 744 90,703 172,052
44, 535
O h io ......................................... 256,695 31,479
34,949
In d ian a..................—................ 205,126 19,916
26,989
Illinois....................... - .........--- 237,181 16, 710
196,447 12, 744
40,765
M i c h i g a n __________________________
24,814
"Wisconsin_________________ 189, 295 9,854
W est North Central_____ 1900.. 1,060, 744 47,650 110,718
1910- 1,109, 948 52, 536 91,971
1920- 1,096,951 46, 093 81,820
14, 111
M innesota_________________ 178,478 6,160
13.117
Io w a............................................ 213, 439 11,521
41,116
M issouri....... ............................. 263,004 16,641
314
77,690
505
N orth D akota...........................
766
993
South D akota........................— 74,637
3,701
Nebraska................................... 124,417 3,361
165,286 7, 330
8,277
K an sa s-..................................
South Atlantic—..................1900— 982,225 147.165 265, 623
1910- 1,111,881 186, 956 354,207
i, 158, 976 187, 326 401,259
10,140 1,226
2,182
D claw are__________________
9,003
47,908 9,473
M arylan d _________________
204
127
50
D istrict of Colum bia..... .........
45,884
186,242 36,402
V irginia___________________
87,289 10,410
18,155
W est Virginia-------------------269,763 61,336
87,239
N orth Carolina____________
84,893
South C arolina........ ................ 192,693 40,825
Georgia.______________ ____ 310, 732 26, 969 134, 471
54,005 10, 558
19, 382
Florida.......................................
East South Central............1900— 903,313 153, 359 280,010
1 9 1 0 - 1,042,480 211,614 350,256
19 2 0 - 1,051,600 203,187 373,138
63,571
Ken tu c k y _________________ 270,626 68, 965
252^ 774 44, 528
79.924
Tennessee___ _____________
A labam a____________
— 256,099 33, 741 112,848
M ississip p i--........................... 272,101 65,953 116, 795
West South Central...........1900— 754,853 84, 898 218,481
19 1 0 - 943,186 102,044 261,444
1920-. 996, 088 97,878 296,729
92,438
Arkansas...................................- 232,604 35,943
1-35,463 30,033
Louisiana.............—............ ...
61,346
32,558
Oklahoma_________________ 191,988 6,024
Texas_____________________ 436,033 25, 878 110,387
12,685
Mountain____ __________ 1900— 101.327 16,366
1910.. 183,446 23,426
19,383
19 2 0 - 244,109 22,071
25,392
57, 677
930
1,279
M ontana_____________ ____
42,106 2,917
6,819
Id a h o ......................................
15, 748
W yom ing_________________
196
399
59, 934 4,932
Colorado__________________
4,449
29, 844 6,789
New Mexico.............................
3,095
9,975 1,436
A rizona.....................................
2,367
U t a h ................... ....... ..............
25,662 4,610
6,549
3,163
N evada........ ..................... .......
261
435
21,433
Pacific.............................— 1900— 141, 581 21,178
1910.. 189,891 39, 084
87,754
19 2 0 - 234, 164 57,666
65, 733
W ashington............................ .
66, 288 16, 073
15,255
Oregon____________________
50, 206 7, 526
8, 755
California_________________
117, 670 34, 067
31,723

49,389
45,932
38,036
14,277
4,888
5,199
6,834
I , 031
5,807
142,341
130,702
120,323
50,784
7,367
62,172
350,291
340, 940
335,439
86,337
65,066
*51,920
71,391
60,725
212,600
181, 843
170,896
32,743
35,959
67,446
917
2,381
11,163
20,287
216, 522
251, 901
280,114
2,952
10.452
18
42.714
25, 587
68,908
37,530
81,112
10, 846
204,814
225,978
235,444
71,200
64,940
57,404
41,900
161,611
216,860
236,213
50,619
21.715
43.452
119,427
I I , 243
19,330
26,896
2,141
8,502
994
5,913
2,008
1,703
5,080
555
17,127
24, 585
32,384
9,048
8,302
15,034

Source: Bureau of the Census, D epartm ent of Commerce.




48,039 19, 308 10,699 2,133
497
44,019 17, 972 10,036 2,139
578
37,993 16,172 9,001 1,916
443
459
14,425 5,229 2,454
90
4,986 2.320 1,489
433
135
544
8,777 5,081 3,115
85
265
4,888 1,840 I ,
055 82
718
229
128
46
12
760
169
4,199 1,473
39
129,601 37,348 14,469 1,907
559
123,766 37,656 14,654 I ,
469 848
116,009 36,009 14,428 1,736
425
56,929 21,190 9,271
999
215
6,251 I , 461
489
93
56
644
52,829 13,358 4,668
154
301,629 100, 324 46,577 5,569
951
315,607 107,229 48,356 5,147
763
325,390 108, 629 46, 860 4,912
759
728
69,738 17,371 6,402
105
57,895 18, 354 7, 911
905
130
81,459 39,155 19,031 1,733
184
634
52,645 13, 236 4,839
193
912
63,653 20, 513 8,677
147
354.794 140, 639 147, 548 36,186 10,609
368,669 161, 293 185, 582 55,179 12, 875
351,003 169, 014 197,424 60,561 20,140
65,793 31,108 25,245 3, 046
272
85,549 41,414 23,865 1,877
137
79,507 33,291 20,670 3,684
649
11,490 5, 589 36,489 18,442 3,944
16,463 9, 576 27, 767 11,641 5,050
43,157 21,493 25,884 9,744 5,914
49,044 26, 543 37,504 12,127 4,174
181,290 75,197 53,344 17,191 5,893
181,336 70,299 47,600 14,655 5,027
175,311 61,649 38,184 11,269 3,864
2,510
863
355
47
5
392
11,178 4,821 2,523
66
5
4
34,011 13,968 9,633 2,833
797
19,539 7,463 4,492 1,227
3S1
41,082 12,448 6,646 1,629
480
18,166 5,600 3,752 1,343
584
41,183 13,861 8,892 3,091 1,153
707
7,637 2, 590 1,887
398
159,631 55, 480 37,303 9,777 2,939
157,414 53, 528 32,769 8,396 2,527
152,992 48, 491 28,587 7,245 2,516
50,991 15, 740 8,103 1,690
366
41,283 13,166 7,006 1,524
403
32,500 10, 032 6, 701 1, 991
882
28,218 9, 553 6,777 2,040
865
178,015 45,410 37,252 15,047 14,139
222.794 63, 722 54, 694 18,232 13, 396
212,167 62,531 67,848 19, 717 13, 955
36,275 9,973 5,759 1.195
402
12.855 4,240 3,232 I , 247
795
66,245 16,247 21,405 4,566 1.491
96,792 32,121 27, 452 12,709 11,267
33,963 5,926 II, 627 4,932 4,585
64,783 I I ,
30,642 8,483 6,365
034
45.855 15,578 62,404 30,005 15,908
982
8,735 3,412 23,576 I I ,
5,622
10,565 3,675 6, 813 2,209
606
931 5,080 3,521 2,076
2,551
12,139 4,019 17, 592 7,482 3,408
4,929 1,170 5,845 3.196 2,812
372
2,239
979
401
478
4,086 1,771 2,096
852
618
228
611
423
365
285
35, 500 10,437 19,134 9,784 6,988
8,135316
37,908 11,458 19,651 I I ,
32,916 12,677 20,941 12,458 9,395
9,958 3,340 6,297 4,042 2,275
9, 735 4, 017 6,293 3,364 2,214
13, 217 5.320 8, 351 5,052 4,906

138

VALUE OF FABM PEOPEBTY
No. 1 4 0 . — VAIUE OF FARM PROPERTY: A ll P roperty , L and,
[A ll amounts in thousands of dollars]
Value of land
Value of all farm property

Division and State

Am ount
1900

1910

1920

1900

1910

Per cent of total
1920

United States___ 20,439,901 40, 991,449 77,924,100 13,058,008 28,475,674 54,829, 563

1900

1910

1920

63.9

69. 5

70.4

488, 125
114,412
47, 425
82, 938
127, 654
14, 509
101,187

44. 3
40. 3
41. 4
42. 2
47. 6
49. 7
46. 3

44.1
43.4
42.9
40.2
46.6
45. 5
45.3

41.6
42.3
40.0
37.2
42.5
43.1
44.6

Middle Atlantic............ 2, 310, 887 2, 959, 589 3,949,684 1, 219, 928 1,462, 321 1,861,676
New Y o rk ........ ......... 1, 069, 724 1, 451, 481 1, 908, 483
707, 748
793, 336
551,174
189, 534
254, 833
311,848
124, 143
142,182
New Jersey................
93, 361
630, 430
726, 158
Pennsylvania............ 1,051, 629 1, 253, 275 1, 729, 353
575, 393

52. 8
51. 5
49. 3
54. 7

49.4
48.8
48.7
50.3

42.1
41.6
45.6
42.0

17,245,363 3,973,024 7,231, 699 12,046,074
3, 095, 666
817,164 1,285, 895 2,015,113
3, 042,311
687, 633 1,328, 197 2, 202, 566
6, 666, 767 1,514,114 3,090, 411 5, 250, 295
959,187
1, 763, 335
615, 258
423, 570
911, 938 1, 618, 913
2, 677, 283
530,543

69. 9
68. 2
70. 3
75. 5
61. 4
65. 4

71.5
67.6
73.4
79.1
56.5
64.5

69.9
65.1
72.4
78.8
54.4
60.5

West North Central___ 5, 820, 994 13, 535, 310 27, 991,435 3,892,877 10,052, 561 21,340,145
M innesota............... .
788, 685 1,476,412 3, 787, 420
559, 302 1,019, 102 2, 750, 328
Iow a...... ..................... 1, 834, 346 3, 745, 861 8, 524, 871 1, 256, 752 2,801, 974 6, 679, 021
M issouri................... 1, 033,122 2, 052, 917 3, 591, 068
695, 471 1,445, 982 2, 594,193
974, 814 1, 759, 743
North D akota...........
255, 267
730, 380 1, 279, 314
173, 352
South D ak o ta.. .
297, 525 3,166, 097 2, 823, 870
902, 607 2, 231,432
189, 207
N ebraska...................
1,614, 539 3, 330, 222
747, 950 2, 079,819 4, 201, 656
486, 606
Kansas...................... .
864,100 2, 039, 390 3, 302, 806
532,188 1,537, 977 2, 475, 635

66. 9
70. 9
68. 5
67. 3
67. 9
63. 6
65. 1
61. 6

74.3
69.0
74.8
70.4
74.9
77.4
77.6
75.4

76.2
72.6
78.3
72.2
72.7
79.0
79.3
75.0

South A tlan tic..........
1,454,031 2,951,201 6,132,918
80,138
D elaw are...................
40, 698
63,179
M arylan d ...................
204, 645
286,167
463, 638
D ist. o f Colum bia...
8,477
6, 928
11,535
V irg in ia ___
323, 516
625, 065 1,196, 556
203, 907
314, 739
West Virginia . . ..
496,440
233, 835
537, 716 1, 250,167
N orth C arolina____
South Carolina
392,128
153, 591
953, 065
Georgia__
228, 375
580, 546 1, 356, 685
Florida.........
53, 929
143,183
330, 302

899,821 1, 883, 350 4,000,682
42, 116
34, 938
23, 769
259,904
163, 452
120, 368
7, 194
4,156
9,700
756,354
394, 659
200,615
307, 310
207, 076
134, 269
857, 815
343, 165
141, 956
647,157
268, 775
99, 806
897, 445
370, 353
138, 515
228, 425
93, 738
30,823

61. 9
58. 4
58. 8
84. 1
62. 0
65. 8
60. 7
65. 0
60. 7
57. 2

63.8
55.3
57.1
84.9
63.1
65.8
63.8
68.5
56.6
65.5

65.2
52.6
56.1
70.1
63.2
61.9
68.6
67.9
66.1
69.2

East South Central
K e n tu c k y ...
Tennessee...
Alabam a.
Mississippi .

1, 195, 869 2,182, 772 4,4 19 ,4Q8
773, 798 1,511,901
471, 046
341, 202
612, 521 1, 251, 965
179, 400
370,138
690, 849
204, 221
426,315
964, 752

708,153 1, 326, 827 2,916,141
484, 465 1, 050, 753
291,117
807, 782
202, 014
371, 416
415, 764
100,166
216, 944
002
641, 842
114,857
254,

59.
61.
59.
55.
56.

2
8
2
8
2

60.8
62.6
60. 6
58. 6
59.6

86.0
69.5
64.5
60.2
66.5

West South Central___
A rkansas...
Louisiana.
Oklahoma___
Texas. . . .

1,619, 955 3, 838,154 7,622,066
181, 416
400, 089
924, 395
198, 537
301, 221
589, 827
277, 525
918,199 1, 660, 424
962,476 2, 218, 645 4, 447, 420

953,786 2,716, 099 5,408,060
607, 773
246, 021
105,107
383, 618
187, 803
107, 730
149, 398
649, 067 1,171,459
591, 551 1, 633, 207 3, 245, 209

58. 9
57. 9
54. 3
53. 8
61. 5

70.8
61.5
62.3
70. 7
73.6

71.0
65.7
65. 0
70.6
73.0

M ountain...
M ontana...................
Idaho........ . .
W yoming.................
Colorado...................
New M exico............
A rizon a..
U tah ...............
N evada.................

601,264 1, 757, 573 4,083,138
117,860
347, 829
985, 961
67, 271
305, 317
716,138
67, 477
167,189
334, 411
161,045
491, 472 1,076, 795
53, 768
159, 448
325,186
29,994
75, 124
233, 593
75,175
150, 795
311,275
28, 674
60,399
99,780

284,065 1,174, 370 2,801,712
691, 912
52, 661
226, 771
219, 953
511, 866
35, 486
88, 908
210, 947
23, 434
90, 342
362, 822
763, 723
196, 341
98, 806
17,324
42. 350
156, 563
11,416
99, 482
210, 998
40,127
59, 362
13,276
35, 277

47. 2
44. 7
52. 8
34. 7
56. 1
32. 2
38. 1
53. 4
46. 3

65.2
72.0
53.2
73.8
62.0
56.4
66.0
5a 4

70.2
71.5
63.1
70,9
60.4
67.0
67.8
59.5

Pacific...............
Washington.............
Oregon...............
California..............

1,113,330 2, 780,482 5,307, Oil
144, 041
637, 543 1,057, 430
172, 761
528, 244
818,560
796, 528 1, 614, 695 3, 431, 022

842, 893 2,246, 314 4, 166, 948
797, 651
99,311
517, 422
113,138
411, 696
586, 242
630,445 1, 317, 195 2, 783, 055

75. 7
68. 9
65. 5
79. 1

80.8
81.2
77.9
81.6

78.5
75.4
71.6
8 1.1

New England................
M ain e.......................
New H ampshire___
V e rm o n t..................
M assachusetts..........
Rhode Islan d .......... .
Connecticut...............

East North Central___
Ohio..........................
Indiana................... .
Illin ois...........
M ichigan...................
Wisconsin..................

639, 646
122,411
85, 842
108, 451
182, 647
26, 989
113, 306

5, 683,925
1,198, 924
978, 616
2, 004, 317
690, 356
811,712

867,240 1,173. 020
199, 272
270, 527
103, 704
118, 656
145, 400
222, 737
226, 474
300, 472
32,991
33, 637
159, 400
226,992

10,119,128
1, 902. 695
1, 809,135
3, 905, 321
1, 088, 858
1,413,119

283,461
49, 359
35,499
45, 814
86, 925
13, 422
52,442

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.




382, 134
86, 481
44, 519
58, 385
105, 533
15, 010
72, 206

66.8 68.6

139

VALUE OF FARM PROPERTY
B u il d in g s, I m p l e m e n t s an d

M a c h in e r y , an d L iv e st o c k

[All amounts in thousands of dollars]

Value of buildings

Value of implements and
machinery

Value of livestock
Division and State

1900

1910

1920

1900

1910

1920

1900-

1910

1920

3, 556,639 6,325,452 11,486,440 749,776 1,265, 150 3, 594,773 3,075,478 4,925,174 8,013, 325 United States.
244,807 336,410 429,343 36, 552 50, 799 92, 388 74,828 97,897 163,163 N ew England.
47,143
34, 626
37, 258
71,094
9, 703
44,984

73,13?
41,397
54, 203
88, 636
12, 923
66,113

89, 697
42, 571
76,179
119,934
11,879
89,084

8,803
5,163
7,538
8, 829
1,270
4,948

14,491
5,878
10.169
11,564
1,781
6,917

26, 638
9,499
21,234
19, 360
2,409
13, 248

17,106
10, 555
17,841
15, 798
2, 594
10,932

25,162
11,910
22,643
20, 741
3,276
14,164

39, 780
19,161
42, 385
33, 524
4, 840
23,473

Maine.
New Hampshire,
Verm ont.
Massachusetts.
Rhode Island.
Connecticut.

729,070 980, 628 1,340,462 116,253 167,480 359, 152 245,636 349,160 588,394 M iddle Atlantic.

336, 960
69, 230
322, 880

476, 998
92, 991
410, 639

631,726
108,141
600,594

56,006
9, 330
50,917

83, 645
13, n o
70, 726

169,867
25,459
163,826

125,584
17,613
102,439

183,091
24,589
141,480

313, 555
36, 065
238, 775

New York.
New Jersey.
Pennsylvania.

939. 574 1,642,292 2, 891, 568 166,694 268, 807 786,077 604,634 976,330 1,521,644 East North Central.

219,451
154,102
251,468
1.58, 948
155, 605

368, 258
266, 079
432, 381
285, 880
289, 694

646, 323
451, 078
747,699
477,500
568,969

36,354
27,330
44,977
28, 795
29,237

51,210
41,000
73,724
49, 916
52,957

146, 575
127, 403
222, 620
122,390
167,089

125, 955
109,551
193, 758
79,043
96,328

197,332
173,860
308,804
137, 804
158, 529

287, 655
261,264
446,154
204, 259
322,312

Ohio.
Indiana.
Illinois.
Michigan.
W isconsin.

758,406 1, 562,105 3, 129,350 197,368 368,936 1,162,938 972,344 1,551, 708 2, 359, 001 West North Central,

110,220
240, 803
148, 508
25, 428
30, 926
91, 054
111,465

243, 339
455, 406
270, 222
92, 277
102,474
198, 808
199,580

550, 840
922, 752
468, 774
209,208
241, 462
381,885
354, 429

30,099
57, 961
28,603
14,056
12, 219
24,940
29,491

306, 529 603, 087 1,201,092 53,319
10, 667
54,811
1,574
70, 903
34,027
52, 700
26, 956
44,855
9, 977

225, 627
90, 887
63,137
34,453
37,150

18,218
78, 286
1,037
137, 399
57, 315
113, 460
64,113
108,851
24,408

411,571

150,995
109,107
71,309
80,160

85,106 412,498

30, 076
33,400
21, 407
100, 223

63,145
49, 741
89,611
210, 001

54, 555 145,027

9,366
6,832
3, 532
16,003
3, 565
2,267
10, 652
2, 340

24, 855
25,113
9, 007
45, 697
13,025
4, 936
18,063
4, 333

112, 967 231,833
16,299
19,200
77,468

54,546
43,880
133,406

22,640
126,693
1,421
268, 081
103,474
218, 578
166, 327
240,854
53,025

2,151
8,611
136
9,911
5,040
9,073
6,630
9, 804
1,963

747,552 48,767

254,406
217,198
127,894
148,054

15, 302
15,233
8,676
9,557

52, 329
95,478
50,874
43, 908
33, 787
44,250
48, 310

181, 088
309,172
138, 261
114,187
112,408
153,104
154,717

89,063
278,830
160,540
42,430
65,173
145, 350
190,957

161, 641
393,003
285, 839
108, 250
127, 229
222, 222
253, 524

305,164
613,926
389, 839
157,035
238,568
336,444
318,025

Minnesota.
Iowa.
Missouri.
North Dakota.
South Dakota.
Nebraska.
Kansas.

98,230 283,981 194,363 366,534 647,163 South Atlantic.

3,206
11,860
92
18,116
7, 012
18,442
14,109
20, 948
4,446

6, 781
28, 970
104
50,151
18, 395
54,621
48,062
63,343
13,552

4,111
20,856
125
42, 027
30, 571
30,106
20,200
35, 201
11,166

6,817
32, 570
153
74,891
43,336
62,650
45,131
80, 394
20, 591

75,339 176,065 213,321 369,035

20,852
21,292
16, 290
16, 905

48,355
53,463
34, 366
39,881

73, 739
60,819
36,106
42,657

117,487
110, 706
65, 595
75,247

8,601
48,071
246
121, 969
67, 261
119,153
91, 518
155,013
35, 301

579, 703
158, 387
173, 522
112, 825
134, 974

Delaware.
M aryland.
Dist. Columbia.
Virginia.
W est Virginia.
North Carolina.
South Carolina.
Georgia.
Florida.

East South Central.
Kentucky.
Tennessee.
Alabama.
Mississippi.

883,128 77, 925 119, 720 311,099 403,138 589,837 1,019,779 West South Central.

145, 337
90,421
192, 406
454,965

8,750
28, 537
10, 512
30,126

361,476 18,808
84,855
69, 646
23, 801
102, 291
25,473
15, 763
32, 754
6, 893

3,672
3,295
1,366
4, 747
1,152
765
2, 923
889

502,469 84,090

122, 741
88, 971
*290, 756

6, 272
6, .507
21,312




16,864
18,977
27, 089
56,790

43,432
32, 715
80,631
154,321

37,484
28,870
96,208
240,577

74,058
44,699
152,433
318, 647

127,853
83,073
215,928
592, 926

Arkansas.
Louisiana.
Oklahoma.
Texas.

49,430 190,716 243,837 388,747 729,284 Mountain.

10,540
10,476
3,668
12, 792
4,122
1,788
4,468
1,576

55,004
38,417
11,778
49,805
9, 745
8,821
13,515
3,631

52,162
21,658
39,146
49,954
31, 727
15, 546
21,474
12,170

85,663
49, 775
65,606
70,161
43,495
26,051
28, 782
19, 214

154,190
96,209
87,885
160, 977
93,626
52,447
54,008
29,894

Montana.
Idaho.
Wyoming.
Colorado.
New Mexico.
Arizona.
Utah.
Nevada.

66,409 232,358 123, 380 235,927 405,237 Pacific.

16,710
13,206
36,493

54, 721
41,567
136,069

22,159
33, 917
67,303

48,865
59,462
127,600

82,316
101, 779
221,141

Washington.
Oregon.
California.

140

VALUE OF FARM PROPERTY"
No. 1 4 1 . — AVERAGE VALUE PER FARM AND PER ACRE
Average value per farm (dollars)
Average value of land
per acre (dollars)

Division and State

A ll farm property
1900

Land and buildings

1910

1920

1900

1910

1920

1900

1910

1920

United States ..............

3, 563

6,444

12,084

2,896

5,471

10,284

15, 57

32.40

57. 36

New England...........................
M aine...............................
New H am p sh ire.............
V e r m o n t ..........................
Massachusetts.................
Rhode Island..................
Connecticut......................

3, 333
2, 064
2, 927
3, 276
4.843
4, 909
4, 205

4, 593
3, 320
3,833
4,445
6,135
6,234
5,944

7,492
5, 609
5, 782
7,661
9,389
8. 238
10,019

2,753
1, 627
2, 391
2,509
4,190
4,206
3, 615

3, 806
2,660
3,176
3,442
5, 260
5, 278
5,158

5,860
4,232
4, 385
5,473
7, 737
6,463
8,399

13. 79
7.83
9. 83
9. 70
27. 62
29. 46
22,68

19.38
13. 73
13. 70
12.52
36.69
33. 86
33.03

28. 73
21.09
18.21
19.58
51.17
43. 75
53.28

4,759
4,718
5,470
4, 690

6,319
6,732
7,610
5, 715

9.290
9,879
10, 499
8, 551

4,013
3,917
4, 692
4,006

5,218
5, 495
6, 484
4,747

7,081
7,376
8, 428
6, 560

27.19
24.34
32. 86
29.70

33.86
32.13
48. 23
33. 92

40.96
38.45
62. 29
41.12

5,004
4, 333
4, 410
7, 588
3, 396
4, 781

9,007
6.994
8, 396
15, 505
6, 261
7,973

15, 898
12,060
14, 831
28,108
8, 976
14,143

4,325
3,'746
3, 793
6, 684
2, 866
4,041

7,899
6,080
7, 399
13, 986
4, 354
6,784

13,771
10,368
12, 937
25, 289
7,313
11, 558

34.15
33. 35
31,81
46.17
24. 12
26. 71

61.32
53. 34
62. 36
95. 02
32. 48
43. 30

102. 31
85.69
104 57
164.20
50.40
73.09

5,488
5,100
8, 023
3, 626
5, 631
5, 654
6,155
4,992

12,195
9,456
17, 259
7, m
13, 109
15, 018
1.6, 038
11, 467.

25, 517
21, 221
39, 941
13. 654
22. 651
37. 835
33, 771
19, 982

4, 385
4, 329
6, 550
2,963
4, 385
4,183
4, 753
3,718

10, 464
8, 085
15, 008
6, 190
11,063
12, 945
13, 983
9, 770

22,307
18, 496
35, 616
11, 646
19, 160
33, 132
29, 836
17,122

19. 37
21.31
36. 35
20.46
11.15
9. 92
16. 27
12. 77

43.21
36. 82
82. 58
41.80
25. 69
34. 69
41. 80
35. 45

83.04
91.00
199. 52
74.60
35. 33
64. 42
78. 87
54 50

2, 654
5, 830
5, 849
39, 062
3, 397
3, 255
2, 119
2, 223
1,995
2,863

5,292
7,903
9, 678
29, 059
6, 425
5, 687
4, 634
4, 946
4, 366
6,116

1,254
3, 555
3,807
41.911
1,618
1,812
867
816
816
1,000

2,238
4, 905
4, 941
37, 932
2, 891
2, 735
1,800
1,887
1, 647
2,362

4,488
18.15
8. 63
22. 29
33. 63
6,386
8. 070
23. 28
32. 32
27, 340 1,142. 68 1,186. 53
10. 08
20. 24
5, 501
4, 706
12.60
20. 65
3, 990
6. 24
15. 29
4, 222
7.14
19.89
3. 663
5. 25
13. 74
5, 212
7.06
17. 84

40. 92
44 59
54. 62
733. 27
40. 75
32.11
42. 84
52. 08
35.28
37.78

1,324
2, 007
1,519
804
925

2, 094
2, 986
2, 490
1,408
1,554

4,203
5, 587
4,953
2, 698
3,546

1,034
1,628
1,180
603
688

1,688
2,452
1,953
1,096
1, 218

3,484
4,823
4,055
2,123
2,903

8. 72
13. 24
9. 93
4. 84
6.30

16.28
21.83
18. 53
10.46
13. 69

36.96
48. 62
41.40
21.24
35.27

2,146
1,015
1,712
2,570
2,733

4, 069
1,864
2, 499
4, 828
5, 311

7,652
3, 974
4, 354
8, 649
10,200

1,509
757
1,217
1, 582
1, 964

3,317
1,440
1,971
3, 884
4,412

6,316
3, 238
3,499
7,104
8,486

5.40
6. 32
9. 74
6. 50
4. 70

16.06
14. 13
17. 99
22.49
14.53

31.18
34. 82
38.29
36.66
28.46

5,934
M ontana............................ 8,815
Idaho.................................. 3,850
W yom ing______ _______ 11, 071
C o lo ra d o ..........................
6, 520
New Mexico...................... 4, 367
5, 163
Arizona.............................
U t a h ......................... .
3,878
13,129
N evada.............................

9,581
13, 269
9,911
15, 217
10, 645
4, 469
8,142
6, 957
22, 462

16,727
17. 095
17,008
21, 235
17,966
10, 896
23, 418
12,130
31, 546

3,342
4,639
2,422
4, 424
4,305
1,697
2,355
2,619
7,150

7,192
9,599
7, 955
8,912
8, 848
3,135
5.125
5,423
14, 730

12,958
13, 468
13,811
14. 907
14, 449
7, 432
17, 276
9, 499
20, 947

6.12
4.45
11.07
2,88
9. 54
3. 38
5.90
9. 75
5.17

19. 73
16. 74
41.63
10.41
26. 81
8. 77
33. 97
29. 28
12. 99

23.88
19. 73
61.11
17. 86
31.22
8. 04
26.98
41.78
25.18

Pacific ............................. .
7, 884
W a sh in g to n ... _______
4, 338
OregOD................................ 4, 821
California..................... _ 10, 980

14,643
11,346
11, 609
18,308

22,664
15, 952
16, 304
29,168

6,751
3,482
3, 693
9,759

13, 050
10. 179
10.012
16, 447

19, 941
13, 885
13,449
26,122

17. 78
11.68
11. 23
21.87

43.
44.
35.
47.

74.21
60.22
43. 29
94.77

M iddle Atlantic___________

N ew Y o rk ......... . . . _
New Jersey________ . . .
Pennsylvania....................

East North Central................

Ohio............................. .......
Indiana....................... .......
Illinois. ..........................
M ichigan............................
Wisconsin .........................

West North Central_______

Minnesota.................. .......
Iow a______ _____ ______
M isso u ri_______ _____
North D akota................. _
South D akota...................
Nebraska........................ __
K a n sa s............. . _____

South Atlantic ..... ............ ....... 1,511
Delaware............................ 4, 201
4, 448
M arylan d ____ ___ _
D istrict o f Colum bia___ 42.882
Virginia_______________ 1,927
W est V irginia__________ 2,196
North C a r o lin a .............. 1,041
989
South C arolina.................
Georgia____________ . . .
1,016
Florida____ ____ ______ _ 1,321
East South Central.................
K en tu c k y ...............
_ _
Tennessee.........................
Alabam a............................
M ississippi........................

West South C en tral.............

Arkansas. .........................
L ou isian a..........................
Oklahoma..........................
Texas...................................

Mountain............... ..................

Source: Bureau of the Census, Departm ent of Commerce.




76
18
23
16

141

TENURE OF FARMS

No. 1 4 2 .—NUMBER OF FARMS BY TENURE AND PERCENTAGE OF TOTAI
NUMBER AND TOTAI ACREAGE OPERATED BY TENANTS
[Note.—Total number of farms (all tenures combined) in Table 137. Acreage b y tenure in Table 143]
Per cent of total operated
tenants

Number of farms operated b y—

Division and State

Owners

1910

1920

Managers

1910

Tenants

1920

1910

1920

Number
of far ms

A ll land
in farms

by

Im proved
lan d in
farm s

1910 1920 1910 1920 1910 1920

It

United States. 3,948,722 3,925,090 58,104 68,449 2, 354,676 2,454,804 37.0 38. 1 25.8 27.7 32.7 34.9
11,602 8.0 7.4 7. 8 7. 7 8. 5 8.4
2,004 4.3 4.2 3. 6 3.8 3.6 3.8
1,373 6.9 6.7 5. 4 5.9 6. 1 6.5
3, 386 12. 3 11. 6 13. 7 13.3 15.9 14.7
2, 287 8. 1 7. 1 7. 0 6.4 7. 1 6.6
633 18. 0 15. 5 18.2 15.9 19.3 16.0
1,919 9.8 8. 5 9.9 a 9 10.1 a 9

New England_____
M aine....................
New Hampshire.
V erm ont___ . . .
M assachusetts-. .
Rhode Island___
Connecticut____

168,408
66, 454
24. 493
28, 065
32, 075
4, 087
23, 231

140,160
45, 437
18,604
25,121
28, 087
3, 245
19,666

5,379
999
681
636
1,863
251
949

4, 802
786
546
568
1,627
205
1,070

15,015
2, 563
1,879
4,008
2, 979
954
2,632

Middle Atlantic___
New Y ork
. .
New Jersey
Pennsylvania-----

355,036
166, 674
24,133
164,229

827,104
151,717
21,889
153,498

9, 072
4, 051
1,060
3, 961

9, 853
4,376
987
4, 490

104, 271
44, 872
8,294
51,105

88,190
37,102
6, 826
44,262

22. 3
20.8
24. 8
23.3

20.7
19. 2
23.0
21.9

25.9
24. 4
30. 4
27.1

23.7
22. 4
28. 5
24.7

27'. 7
25. 6
32.8
29.4

25.4
23. 5
31.0
26.8

East North Central.
Ohio___.................
Indiana.................
Illinois............... .
Michigan_______
Wisconsin.............

809,044
192, 104
148, 501
145, 107
172, 310
151,022

766,786 10,848 13,551
177, 986 2, 753 3, 065
137, 210 2, 297 2, 329
132, 574 2, 386 3, 4 tl
159, 406 1,961 2,319
159, 610 1,451 2, 427

303, 597
77.188
64, 687
104, 379
32, 689
24,654

304,407
75,644
65, 587
101,196
34, 722
27, 258

27.0
28. 4
30. 0
41.4
15. 8
13.9

28. 1
29. 5
32. 0
42.7
17.7
14.4

30.0
31. 4
32. 3
43. 6
17.8
15.8

32.6
33.8
36. 7
46.9
20. 5
17.0

32.6
32.0
33.3
44.9
19. 3
17.9

35.2
34.5
37.8
48.0
21.7
ia 6

West North Central.
M innesota______
Iowa........ .......... .
Missouri .............
N orth D akota_
_
South D akota___
N ebraska............ .
Kansas.................

758, 946
122,104
133,003
192, 285
63, 212
57, 984
79,250
111,108

711,156 8,384 10, 776
132, 744 1,222 1, 596
121,888 1,926 2,487
185, 030 2,001 2,247
56,917
484
855
47, 815
429
781
69, 672i
987 1, 315
97,090 1,335 1,495

342,618
32, 811
82,115
82, 958
10, 664
19, 231
49, 441
65, 398

375,019
44,138
89, 064
75, 727
19, 918
26.041
53, 430
66, 701

30.9
21.0
37. 8
29. 9
14.3
24. 8
38. 1
36.8

34.2
24.7
41. 7
28. 8
25. 6
34.9
42.9
40.4

27.0
23. 8
39.0
25. 4
15. 3
23. 3
27. 3
30.6

32.0
29.0
44.4
27. 1
23. 6
27.7
33.9
37.0

30.6
26. 5
39. 6
26.4
18.0
30. 1
34. 3
35 8

35.8
32.3
44.9
27.9
27.0
35.4
41.1
39.7

South Atlantic_____ 593, 154
6, 178
D elaw are.. ___
M arylan d .........
33,519
Dist. of Columbia _
118
Virginia................. 133,664
W est Virginia___
75, 978
N orth C aro lin a.. 145, 320
64, 350
South C arolina...
98, 628
Georgia .............
35,399
Florida................

607, 099
6,010
32,805
100
136, 363
72,101
151, 376
67, 724
102, 123
38,487

8,298
123
988
15
1, 625
872
1,118
863
1,419
1,275

9,799
144
1,262
19
2,134
1,090
928
738
1,655
1,829

510,429
4, 535
14, 416
84
48, 729
19, 835
107, 287
111,221
190,980
13,342

542, 088
3, 986
13, 841
85
47, 745
14,098
117, 459
124, 231
206,954
13,689

45.9
41.9
29. 5
38. 7
26. 5
20.5
42. 3
63.0
65.6
26.7

46.8
39.3
2a 9
41. 7
25. 6
16. 2
43. 5
64. 5
66.6
25.3

30.1
52.1
3a 5
35 9
21. 1
15. 5
27.6
36. 4
42.0
ia 1

32.3
49.9
36.7
35. 1
21. 4
14. 6
30.9
42. 5
46. 0
13.0

38.0
52.4
40.0
34.0
21. 1
14.2
35.3
51.7
57.9
24.5

39.2
51.2
38.5
33.5
21. 2
13.6
38.1
55.7
5a 4
22.8

East South Central .
K en tu ck y.............
Tennessee.............
Alabam a...............
Mississippi_____

510, 452
170, 332
144,125
103,929
92,066

525, 808
179,327
148,082
107,089
91, 310

3,290
993
826
646
825

3, 506
969
807
741
989

528,738
87,860
101, 061
158, 326
181, 491

522,286
90, 330
103, 885
148,269
179, 802

50.7
33.9
41. 1
60. 2
66.1

49.7
33. 4
41. 1
57.9
66.1

28.0
19.9
25. 1
34.2
33.7

29.6
2 1.1
2a 2
35.8
34.5

36.4
21.5
30.4
51.1
51.3

36.0
22.3
31.9
47.7
48.8

West South Central.
Arkansas____. . .
Louisiana_______
Oklahoma______
Texas................. .

440. 905 '464,328
106, 649 112,647
57,254
52,989
85,404
93, 217
195,863 201, 210

4,696
763
950
651
2,332

5,013
736
828
935
2,514

497, 585
107,266
66, 607
104,137
219, 575

526,747
119,221
77,381
97, 836
232,309

52.8
50.0
55.3
54.8
52.6

52.9
51.3
57.1
51.0
53.3

26.7
27.0
25. 7
43.1
22.5

30. 1
30.3
2a 6
39.3
27.6

44. 5
39.0
37.8
45.9
46.6

45.3
40.5
40.6
44.4
4a 1

Mountain..................
M ontana...............
Idaho................... .
W yom ing.............
Colorado............. .
New Mexico____
Arizona.......... .......
U ta h ................... .
N evada........ .........

160,844
23, 365
27,169
9, 779
36, 993
33,398
8,203
19, 762
2,175

202, 515
50,271
34, 647
13,403
45,291
25,756
7, 869
22, 579
2,699

2,912
505
450
311
787
321
163
194
181

4,116
899
758
377
880
433
305
296
168

19,690
2,344
3,188
897
8,390
1,957
861
1,720
333

37,478
6,507
6,701
1,968
13,763
3,655
1,801
2,787
296

10.7
&9
10.3
a2
1&2
5. 5
9.3
7.9
12.4

15.4
11.3
15.9
12.5
23.0
12.2
18.1
10.9
9.4

10.5
10.9
10.7
6.2
15 7
8.7
8.6
5.7
5.8

11.5
9.3
14.2
a3
17.4
11.0
10.2
7.4
6.0

14.4
10.6
13.8
10.0
25.2
6.4
17.1
7.3
7.4

16.5
12.7
17.4
13.8
24.1
14.4
21.3
10.4
9.0

Pacific......................
Washington_____
Oregon...................
California_______

151,933
47,505
37,796
66,632

180,144
52, 701
39, 863
87,580

5,225
961
847
3,417

7,033
1,168
916
4,949

32,733
7,726
6,859
18,148

46,987
12,419
9,427
25,141

17.2
13.7
15.1
20.6

20.1 19.8 22.8 25.6 29.7

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.



i a 7 17.7 26.0 22.8 32.9
18.8 16.1 19.8 23.4 26.1
21.4 22.2 22.8 28.1 29.2

142

TENURE OF FARMS
No. 1 4 3 . — FARM ACREAGE, TOTAL AND IMPROVED: B y T e n u r e

[N o t e .—For total farm acreage and total im proved acreage (all tenures combined) see Table 137]

[All figures are expressed in thousands of acres]
A ll land in farms operated byD ivision and State

Owners
1910

19 2 0

Managers
1 9 1 0 19*20

Improved lands in farm s operated b y—

Tenants
1910

1920

Owners
19 10

19*20

Managers
1 9 1 0 19 2 0

Tenants
19 10

1920

593, 555 636, 775 53, 731 54,129 228, 513 264, 980 309, 850 314,107 12,314 13,211 156,287 175, 755
New England____ 17,089 14, 705 1,087
157
M aine__________ 5,916 5, 074
210
New Hainpshire- 2, 864 2, 296
3.816 3, 521
209
Verm ont_______
M assachusetts-.. 2, 343 2, 022
331
44
318
Rhode Islan d___
249
Connecticut____
1, 832 1,543
137

980
146
154
150
313
30
187

1,538
224
176
638
202
81
217

Middle Atlantic___ 30, 283 29, 019 1,714 1,923 11,194
New York__........ 15, 825 15, 084
838
932 5, 367
227
New Jersey_____ 1,563 1,425
208
784
782 5, 043
648
Pennsylvania___ 12, 896 12, 510
East North Central.
O hio-....................
Indiana________
Illinois............. .
M ichigan.......... .
Wisconsin...........
West North Central.
M innesota______
I o w a ............... .
M issouri_______
North D akota__
South D akota_
_
Nebraska_______
K ansas_________

80,234
16,032
13, 939
17, 787
15, 107
17, 369

1, 306
206
153
565
159
53
169

6, 260
2, 222
829
1,321
932
128
827

5,280
1, 853
624
1,388
745
98
573

9,631 20, 288 18, 777
4,616 10,606 9,601
972
649 1,106
4,366 8, 576 8,204

376
53
43
53
150
16
62

323
49
34
56
105
14
65

619
85
57
260
83
34
100

512
75
45
248
60
21
63

910 1, 028
432
462
107
102
372
463

8,122
3,806
591
3,725

6,758
3,095
482
3,180

76,518 2,354 2, 867 35, 341 38,350 58,470 55,130 1,493 1, 829 28,984 30,936
505
562 7, 569 7, 954 12, 725 11, 746
15,000
349
390 6,154 6,406
483
12, 870
473 6, 877 7, 720 10, 943 10, 026
343
347 5, 645 6, 308
558
16, 265
713 14,177 14, 997 15, 033 13, 621
428
578 12, 587 13,096
453
14, 541
588 3, 381 3, 904 10,142 9, 847
217
272 2, 473 2,806
355
532 3, 336 3, 775 9, 627 9, 889
17, 841
loo
242 2,126 2,321

164, 790 168,570 5, 005 6, 079 62, 853 82, 324 111,280 107,103 2, 727 2, 856 50,279 61,435
414
20, 669 21,014
443 6. 593 8, 765 14,154 14, 255
285
284 5,205 6,943
20, 214 18, 051
491
569 13, 226 14,855 17, 432 15, 320
384
446 11,675 12.841
630
664 8, 772 9, 423 17, 695 17, 467
25,189 24, 687
397
429 6, 490 6, 937
477
811 4, 363 8, 553 16, 408 17, 457
23, 587 26, 850
375
483 3, 673 6, 623
635
890 6, 067 9, 577 10, 780 11, 483
19, 315 24,169
288
279 4, 760 6, 437
26, 976 26, 422 1,095 1,480 10, 552 14,323 15, 463 13,179
563
432 8, 356 9, 499
2 8, S40 27, 377 1,264 1,221 13, 281 16, 827 19, 349 17, 943
435
503 10,120 12,155

South Atlantic____ 69,130 61, 798 3, 364 4,402 31, 288 31, 575 28, 844 28, 029 1,229 1,470 18, 406 19, 011
21
21
472
302
477
451
322
18
374
334
D elaw are_______
17
541
207
259 1,945 1,748 1,883 1,760
2, 905 2, 751
129
169 1,342 1,208
M aryland______
1
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
2
2
Dist. of Columbia
2
660
824 4,120 3,976 7,472 7, 043
321
Virginia________ 14,715 13, 761
415 2,078 2,002
285
356 1,558 1,400 4,606 4,588
134
184
782
749
W est Virginia___ 8,184 7, 813
582
160
112 3,113 3,120
North C arolina. - 15, 656 13, 442
386 6,200 6,194 5, 540 4, 966
547
425 4, 913 5, 285 2, 801 2, 623
142
8,052 6, 717
116 3,155 3, 445
779
14. 851 12, 801
926 11,323 11,714 4, 931 5,108
248
319 7,118 7, 628
Georgia 4, 287 4,060
281 1,202
784 1, 287 1, 637
76
136
442
524
F lorida.
686
East South Central.
K en tuek y_____
Tennessee_____
A labaina.............

Mississippi........

57.132
17, 463
14, 673
13, 280
11, 716

West South Central.
Arkansas_______
Louisiana______
Oklahoma............
Texas................... .

104. 353
12, 390
6, 766
15, 997
69, 201

Mountain_____
M ontana____
Id ah o .............
W yom ing___
Colorado........
New Mexico _
Arizona..........
U tah...............
N evad a.........
Pacific________
Washington..
Oregon...........
California___

42, 266
10, 641
4, 446
5,153
10,135
7,096
875
2,888
1,032

54, 022 1,603 1,529 22. 785 23,347 27, 384 27,730
315
270 4,411 4, 551 11,087 10, 694
16, 792
335
221 5, 034 5, 511 7, 461 7, 507
13. 779
367
12. 117
455 7, 085 7,004 4, 620 4, 986
11,334
587
583 6, 255 6,280 4, 215 4, 543

579
175
116
120
168

685 15, 984 15, 965
163 3,093 3,119
108 3,313 3, 571
184 4,953 4, 723
230 4, 625 4, 552

104, 781 19,698 16, 511 45, 098 52,157 30,885 33,786 1,426 1, 339 25, 952 29,064
11,810
328
352 4, 698 5, 295 4,815 5,340
113
144 3,148 3,727
986
900 2, 687 2, 864 2,866 2, 979
414
6, 255
362 1,996 2, 285
429
926 12, 434 12, 554 9, 322 9,885
18, 472
177
196 8,052 8,044
722
68, 244 17,955 14, 333 25, 279 31,444 13,882 15,582
637 12, 756 15,008
90, 889 11,004 12,974
28, 953 1, 430 2,860
270
6, 799
386
9,360 2, 863 1,466
18, 622 1,140 1, 596
17,854 3,196 3, 863
265 1,391
3, 820
315
4, 063
616
1,420 1,524
796

6, 264 13, 475 12,153 23, 593 1,472 1,536
358
489
1,475 3,258 2, 895 9,115
127
181
567 1,191 2, 268 3, 544
984
940 1,663
190
148
527
4,244 2, 908 6, 582
310
298
2, 257
74
76
978 2, 693 1,299 1,393
592
254
442
36
119
107
372 1,202 1, 457
66
79
194
141
386
396
311
145
158

2, 290
388
384
126
1,084
94
60
100
55

4, 977
1,403
787
291
1,865
248
152
179
53

. 33,277 36, 473 7, 900 6, 865 10,152 12,815 14, 287 14,'680 2,101 2,145
529
159
256
. 9,115 9,260
541 2,068 3,444 4, 761 4,530
213
301
. 9,036 10,017
766
838 1,883 2, 687 3, 061 3, 331
. 15,125 17,196 6, 605 5, 485 6, 201 6,684 6, 464 6, 819 1,729 1,588

5,650
1,453
1,001
3,197

7, 097
2,343
1,282
3, 472

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.




143

COLOR AND NATIVITY OF FARMERS
No. 1 4 4 . — NUMBER AND ACREAGE OF FARMS:
F

B

y

C

o l o r

a n d

N

ativity

of

a r m e r

[Note.—For total number of farms and all land in farms see Table 137]
A ll land (thousands
of acres) in farms
operated b y —

Number of farms operated b y—

Division and State

Native white
farmers
1910

1920

Foreign-born
w hite farmers

Colored farm ­
ers

1910

1910

1920

1920

N ative Foreign- Color­
white
born
ed
farm ­ white farm­
ers, farmers, ers,
1920
1920
1920

United States.............. 4, 771,063 4,917,386 669, 556 581,068 920, 883 949,889 799, 767 111, 172 44,945
New England____________
M aine.................................
New Hampshire...............
V e r m o n t ...... . . . ..............
Massachusetts..................
Rhode Island. .................
Connecticut.......................

161, 009
55,014
24, 347
28, 968
28, 431
4,408
39,841

128, 028
43, 830
17,890
25, 280
22, 950
3,123
14, 955

27, 451
4, 973
2, 691
3, 721
8, 362
843
6,861

28, 265
4, 384
2,619
3, 767
8,930
940
7, 625

342
29
15
20
124
41
113

271
13
14
28
121
20
75

14, 577
4, 960
2,336
3, 674
1,969
277
1,361

2, 393
465
266
557
520
54
531

21
1
1
4
6
1
7

Middle Atlantic...... ..............
New Y o rk .........................
..........
New Jersey
Pennsylvania..................

419, 342
187, 629
26, 796
204,917

378, 701
166, 869
22, 555
187, 277

47, 076
27, 029
6,215
13, 832

46,910
25, 776
6, 612
14, 522

1,961
939
476
546

1,536
550
535
451

36,926
18, 344
1.929
16, 653

3, 551
2,246
328
977

96
43
26
27

East North Central...............
Ohio______
_____
Indiana _.
..........
Illinois
................... .
Michigan______ _______
W isconsin........... .............

929, 619
252, 645
204, 951
217, 053
147, 790
107,180

935, 492 188,153 144, 775
241, 075 17, 450 14, 604
9, 729
198,156
6, 398
214,177 33, 394 22, 111
147,450 58, 224 48. 264
134, 634 09, 356 53, 998

5,717
1,950
805
1, 425
946
591

4, 477 103, 222
1,616 22, 463
572 20, 405
893 29,140
733 14, 710
663 16,504

14, 235
953
621
2, 777
4, 274
5, 610

278
100
37
5S
49
34

West North Central_______
Minnesota........... .............
Iowa ............. .................
M issou ri.. .....................
North D akota...................
South D a k o ta ... ...........
Nebraska............................
K a n s a s............................ .

830, 642
74, 710
167, 850
259, 111
35, 750
49, 360
93, 509
150, 346

883, 809 269, 442 206, 223
110,966 81, 134 67, 305
181,109 48, 987 32, 221
251,835 14, 467
8, 343
40, 899 37, 867 36, 248
52, 700 25, 476 20, 325
99, 441 35. 707 24, 592
146, 859 25, 804 17,189

9,864
293
201
3, 666
743
2,808
462
1, 691

6,919 201, 589
207 19, 362
109 28, 405
2,826 33, 472
543 19. 394
1,612 25, 373
384 35, 198
1,238 40,384

53, 872
10, 839
5,061
1, 112
16, 634
8, 413
6, 961
4, 852

1,512
20
9
190
186
850
67
189

South Atlantic..................... .
Delaware.......................... .
M arylan d .. . . . ______
Dist. o f Colum bia__ __
V irg in ia ...
W est Virginia__ _______
North C aro lin a.._ ____
South Carolina. ...........
G eorgia.......................... .
F lorid a........................... .

748, 878
9, 504
40, 669
168
134,155
95,138
187, 657
79, 424
168, 083
34, 080

767, 771
8, 905
40,130
153
136, 874
86, 033
193, 081
83, 542
180, 217
38, 836

7,141
410
1,882
37
1, 749
839
412
212
385
1,215

7,373 355, 882 383, 832
872
363
922
1,569
6,372
6, 209
12
20
31
1,582 48,114 47, 786
504
752
708
392 65, 656 76, 290
141 96, 798 109,010
328 122, 559 130,187
2,215 14, 721 12, 954

78, 825
861
4, 278
5
16, 085
9, 480
16, 538
8, 010
18, 297
o, 272

East South Central. _____
K en tuck y.
..
___
Tennessee.. ______ ____
Alabam a.
M ississip p i.......................

712, 443
245, 489
206, 821
151,214
108, 909

740, 862
256, 886
213, 832
159, S65
110, 279

4,819
1, 956
883
1,244
736

3, 506 325, 218 307, 232
1,112 11, 730 12, 628
760 38, 308 38,182
1,031 110, 443 95, 203
603 164,737 161,219

66, 455
21,088
17, 920
15,143
12, 304

329 12,114
98
427
67 1,524
85 4,348
79 5, 815

West South Central _. . . .
Arkansas........................ .
Louisiana. ......................
Oklahoma.................. .......
Texas_______ __________

692, 624
148, 627
63, 236
161, 773
318, 988

724, 301
158, 273
71,081
167, 472
327,475

41, 501
2,458
2, 431
7, 748
28, 864

39, 937 209, 081 231, 850 155,100
2, 049 63, 593 72, 282 14,606
2, 323 54, 879 62, 059
7, 664
5, 791 20, 671 18, 725 28, 870
29, 774 69, 918 78, 784 103, 960

7,369 10, 980
226 2,625
173 2,183
1,369 1. 713
5, 602 4,459

Mountain.............................
M ontana...........................
Idaho............ ..................
W yoming ........................
Colorado.. ....................
New Mexico..... .............. .
Arizona...............................
U tah______________ _
N evad a.. ........................

143, 991
18,165
24, 694
9,019
37,198
32, 088
5,218
15, 948
1, 661

197,878
41, 051
35, 284
13, 306
49, 846
26, 593
8, 262
21, 276
2,060

31,427
6, 853
5, 708
1, 903
8, 398
1,440
806
5,452
867

40,984
15, 563
6,314
2, 273
9, 535
1,376
1,067
3,972
884

8,028
1,196
405
65
574
2,148
3, 203
276
1C1

5,447 ! 99, 284
1,063 25, 960
508
7,167
169 10, 094
553 21, 494
1,875 22, 882
646
5, 311
414
4, 532
219
1,844

17,056
8, 459
1,161
1, 692
2,881
1, 463
431
468
501

997
652
48
23
87
64
60
51
12

Pacific. ______ _______ _
Washington.......................
Oregon.. ........................
California................... .......j

132, 515
37, 770
35, 819
58, 926

162, 744
45, 265
40, 484
76, 995

52, 546
17, 297
9, 056
26,193

63, 095
19, 757
9,149
34,189

4, 830
1,125
627
3, 078

8,325
1, 266
573
6,486

11, 642
2,906
2,010
6,725

722
101
100
521

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.



43, 789
10, 237
11,432
22,119

•

725 18,225
28
55
129
352
213 : 2,263
62
28
46 3, 437
37 4, 380
73 7,072
137
638

144

N U M BER AN D ACREAGE OF F A R M S AND M O RTGAGE ST A T U S

No. 1 4 5 . — NUMBER AND ACREAGE OF FARMS:
T

b n u r e

F

o f

B

y

C

o l o r

, N

ativity

,

a n d

a r m e r

[ N o t e .—For

total number of farms (all tenures combined) see Table 137; for number of farms, by color and
n ativity of farm er (all tenures combined), see Table 144. The “ N o rth ” includes New England, Middle
A tlan tic, East and W est N orth C entral divisions]
Number of farms operated by—
Division and color
and nativity

Owners and
managers
1910

19*20

Tenants

1910

1920

A ll land (thousands
of acres) in farms
operated b y —

Improved land (thou­
sands of acres) in
f arms operated by—

Own­
A ll
ers
farm ­ and
m an­
ers,
1920 agers,
1920

Own­
A ll
ers
Ten­
farm ­ and
ers,
m an­ ants,
1920 agers, 1920
1920

Ten­
ants,
1920

United States________ 4, 006, 826 3. 993, 539 2, 354, 676 2,454, 804 955, 8B4 690,904
N ative white - __ 3, 212, 671 3, 286, 556 1, 558, 392 1, 630, 830 799, 767 583,464
Foreign-born w h ite.. 551, 390 471, 535 118,166 109, 533 111, 172 90,261
Colored_______
242, 765 235,448 678,118 714, 441 44,945 17,180
The N o rth ............... .
N ative w h ite______
Foreign-born w h ite..
Colored .....................
The Sou th...... ..............
N ative w h ite______
Foreign-born w h ite..
Colored.......................

264,980 503, 073 327,318
216,304 411,266 271,155
20,911 62, 508 47, 883
27, 765 29,298 8,280

2,125.117 1, 984,188 765, 501 779, 218 432, 272 300,661 131, 611 291, 966
1, 669, 820 1, 622, 968 670, 792 701, 062 356, 314 239, 751 116, 564 242, 570
442, 094 351, 804
90,028
74,369 74, 051 59,371 14,681 48, 610
13, 203
9,416
4,681
3,787 1, 907 1,540
366
785
1, 560, 795 1, 615, 543 1, 536, 752 1,591,121 350,121 243,042 107, 079 157,080
1, 304, 650 1,364, 289 849,295 868,645 300, 380 222,004 78, 375 125, 682
36, 478
31, 895
16,983
18, 921 8, 423 6,594 1,830 3,654
219, 667 219, 359 670,474 703, 555 41, 319 14, 444 26, 875 27,744

South Atlantic.............
N ative w hite______
Foreign-born w hite—
Colored......................
Hast South Central___
N ative w h ite............
Foreign-born w h ite..
Colored.......................
W est South C en tra].. _
N ative w hite.............
Foreign-born white—
Colored.......................

601, 452
492, 466
6,305
102, 681
513, 742
450, 793
3, 963
58, 986
445, 601
361, 391
26, 210
58, 000

616,888
506, 722
6, 546
103, 620
529, 314
470, 492
2, 875
55,947
469, 341
387,075
22, 474
59, 792

510, 429
256,412
836
253,181
528, 738
261, 650
856
266.232
497,585
331.233
15, 291
151,061

M o u n tain .....................
N ative w hite _____
Foreign-born w h ite..
Colored......................
Pacific...... ....................
N ative w h ite______
Foreign-born w ln te Colored............... .......

1C3, 756
127, 912
28,147
7,697
157,158
110, 289
44, 671
2,198

206, 631
166,840
35. 402
4, 389
187,177
132, 4,59
52, 434
2,284

19,690
16,079
3, 280
331
32,733
22, 226
7,875
2,632

542,088 97, 775 66, 200
261,049 78,825 69,891
827
645
725
280, 212 18, 225 5,664
522,286 78,897 55, 550
270, 370 66, 455 51, 238
631
329
293
251,285 12,114 4,019
526, 747 173, 449 121, 292
337,226 155,100 110,875
17,463 7, 369 5,656
172,058 10, 980 4,761

31, 575
18,934
80
12,561
23, 347
15, 217
36
8,095
52,157
44, 224
1, 714
6,219

48, 510
36, 743
313
11, 454
44,380
35,661
177
8, 542
64,190
53,278
3,164
7, 748

37,478 117,337 103, 862 13, 475 30,106
30,838 99, 284 87, 492 11, 792 24,614
5,582 17,056 15,488 1, 568 5,196
882
116
997
295
1,058
46, 987 56,153 43, 338 12,815 23, 922
30, 285 43,789 34, 216 9, 572 18, 399
10, 661 11, 642 8,808 2,834 5,048
474
6,041
722
313
409

175, 755
140, 111
14, 625
21,019

192,325
154,382
37,403
541
93,039
83,210
2, 434
7,396

99, 641
88,190
11, 208
245
64,040
42,473
1, 221
20,347

29, 499 ,
26, 404
280
2,816
28, 415
26, 234
153
2,028
35,125
30, 572
2,001
2, 552

19,011
10, 340
33
8,638
15,965
9,427
25
6,513
29,064
22, 706
1,163
5,196

25,129
20, 412
4, 489
228
16,825
13,152
3, 559
114

4,977
4, 202
707
67
7,097
5, 247
1, 489
360

No. 1 4 6 . — MORTGAGE STATUS OF FARMS OWNED BY OPERATOR
Item

1910

1920

8, 948, 722
2, 588, 596
1, 312, 034
1, 069, 094
1, 006, 511
62,583
242, 940
48,092

3,925,090
2, 074, 325
1, 461, 306
1, 217, 234
1,193,047
24,187
244,072
389, 459

65. 6
33.2

1900

1890

52.8
37. 2
9.9

FA R M S OWNED W HOLLY OR IN PART B Y THE
OPERATOR

Total num ber............. .........................
Reported as free from mortgage.
Reported as mortgaged__________
Operated b y fu ll ow ners..............
Reporting am ount of deb t___
Not reporting amount of debt
Operated b y p art ow ner............ .
U nknown (no rep ort).......... ...........
Per cent of to tal:
Free from mortgage- M ortg ag ed .................
U nknown (no report)

3,142,746
2, 228, 806
874, 215

3, 638, 403
2, 419,180
1, 093,164

39, 725

126,059

70.9
27. 8
1. 3

66. 5
30.0
3. 5

1.2

F A R M S OWNED W HOLLY B Y THE OPERATOR
AND REPORTING AMOUNT OF DEBT

Number of farm s reporting amount of debt___
i 886,957
Value of farm s (land and buildings) ................... $3,054,923,165
A m ount of mortgage debt...... ............................... $1,085,995,960
35. 5
Ratio of debt to value.............................................
Average per farm :
$3, 444
Value oflan d and buildings.
A m ount of d e b t--................
$1,224
Owner’s eq u ity___________
$2,220

1,193,047
1, 006, 511
$6,330,236,951 $13, 775, 500,013
$1, 726,172, 851 $4,003,767,192
27.3
29.1

Source, Tables 145 and 146: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.
1 Estim ated total number of farms mortgaged.




$6, 289
$1,715
$4, 574

$11,546
$3, 356
$8,191

145

MORTGAGE STATUS OF FARMS

No. 1 4 7 . — MORTGAGE STATUS OF FARMS OWNED WHOILY OR IN PART
BY THE OPERATOR

A ll owned farms
(number)

Mortgaged
Free from m ort­
gage (number)

Division and State
1910

1920

1910

1920

Number
1910

1920

Per cent
1910

1920

U nknown,
no report
(number)

1910

1920

33.2

37.2 48, 092 389,459

New England _ . _
M a in e .____ ______
New Hampshire__
Verm ont_______ .
Massachusetts.........
Rhode Island.........
Connecticut...........

168, 408
66, 464
2 i 493
28,065
32, 075
4,087
23, 234

140, 160
45, 437
18,604
25,121
28,087
3,245
19, 666

108, 938
41,309
18,119
14, 851
18, 768
2, 811,
13, 080

80, 412
30, 665
11,992
12,132
14, 055
1,971
9,597

58,474
14,948
6,234
13,140
13,014
1,180
9,958

53,138
13,023
6,389
12,225
12, 632
949
8, 920

34.7
26.5
25.5
46.8
40.6
28.9
42.9

37.9
28.7
29.0
48.7
45.0
29.2
45.4

Middle Atlantic__ _
New York .......... ...
New Jersey _____
Pennsylvania..........

355,036
166; 674
24,133
164, 229

327,104
151,717
21,889
153, 498

217, 257
93,118
11,983
112, 156

179, 328
75, 522
10,000
93, 804

134, 803
72,311
11,793
50, 699

125,216
66,633
10, 085
48, 498

38.0
43.4
48.9
30.9

38.3 2, 976 22,562
43.9 1,245 9,562
357 1,804
46. 1
31.6 1,374 11,196

East North Central__
Ohio ...................... .
Indiana .................
Illinois.....................
Michigan..................
Wisconsin................

809,044
192,101
148, 501
145,107
172, 310
151, 022

768,786
177, 986
137, 210
132, 574
159, 406
159, 610

473, 822
135, 616
89, 847
86, 713
88, 705
72, 941

382, 771
110,004
73, 233
68, 892
72, 869
57, 773

327,483
54, 997
56,914
55,792
82,631
77,129;

326,313
50, 784
51, 474
51, 039
78,758
94, 258|

40.5
28.6
38.3
38.4
48.0
51.1 _

42.6
28. 5
37.5
38.5
49.4
59.1

7, 759
1,491
1,740
2,602
974
952

West North C en tral...
Minnesota _____ .
Iowa_____ _____ _
M issouri.. ______
North D akota. . . .
South Dakota.........
Nebraska .............
Kansas......................

758,946
122,104
133, 003
192, 285
63,212
57, 984
79,250
111, 108

711,156
132, 744
121,888
185, 030
56, 917
47, 815
69, 672
97,090

404, 555
65, 038
63,234
102, 514
30, 651
35,101
47, 435
60,582

278,906
54, 086
45,807
82,099
12, 833
16,037
27, 065
40, 979

346,182
56,145
68,045
88, 486
31, 727
21, 691
30, 839
49, 249

368,158
69, 515
66,096
85 538
40, 462
27, 262
35,191
44, 064

45.6
46.0
51.2
46.0
50.2
37.4
38.9
44.3

01.8
52.4
54. 2
46. 2
71.1
57.0
50.5
45.4

8, 299 64,092
921 9,113
1.724 9,985
1,285 17,393
834 3, 622
1,192 4, 516
976 7,416
1, 277 12,047

South Atlantic. .........
Delaware .............
M aryland.................
Dlst. of Colum bia..
V irginia... _ ___
W est Virginia . . . .
N orth Carolina___
South Carolina........
Georgia ............. .
F lo r id a .............. _

593,154
6,178
33, 519
118
133,664
75, 978
145,320
64, 350
88, 628
35, 399

607,069
6,010
32,805
100
136, 363
72,101
151,376
67,724
102,123
38, 487

474,742
3, 817
21,084
93
111,474
66,093
117,028
47,535
78,004
29,614

408,804
3, 504
19,292
53
98, 470
52, 617
102, 950
42,847
64,0C1
25,010

110,198
2,264
12,127
21
21,182
9.525
26,642
15,020
18, 257,
5,160

118,028
2,018
11, 339
29
24, 331
10,274
24, 499
14,299
23,135
8,102

18.6
36.6
36.2
17.8
15.8
12. 5
18.3
23.3
18. 5
14. 6

19.4
33.6
34.6
29.0
17.8
14.2
16.2
21.1
22. 7
21. 1

B 214
,
97
308
4
1, 008
360
1,650
1, 795
2,367
625

80,259
488
2,174
18
13, 562
9,210
23, 927
10, 578
14,927
6,375

East South C entral.. . .
K en tuck y______
Tennessee________
A labam a..................
Mississippi______

510,452:
170,332
144,125
103.929
92,066

525,808
179,327
148,082
107, 089
91, 310

388, 837
135,505
118, 285
74,504
60,543

339,312
116,613
105,128
64,498
53,073

114,195
33,039
24, 006
27, 457
29,693

124,723
40,615
32,264
27,854
23, 990

22.4
19.4
16.7
26.4
32.3

23.7
22. 6
21.8
26.0
26.3

7, 420
1, 788
1, 834
1,968
1,830

61,773
22,099
10,690
14, 737
14, 247

West South Central_
_
Arkansas................
Louisiana. ...............
Oklahoma________
Texas.......................

440,905
106,649
52,989
85,404
195,863

464,328
112,647
57,254
93, 217
201, 210

299,303
82, 321
42, 011
46,889
128, 082

236,932
64,881
36,010
30,551
105, 490

132, 252
22, 374
9,834
36,036
64,008

182, 738
33,990
11, 783
47,025
69,940

30.0
21.0
18.6
42.2
32. 7

35.0
30. 2
20. 6
50.4
34.8

9,350
1,954
1.144
2, 479
3, 773

64,658
13, 776
9,461
15,641
25, 780

Mountain ...................
M ontana..................
Idaho.........................
W yom ing.................
Colorado
New Mexico............
Arizona__________
U tah..........................
N e v a d a ..^ ..............

160, 844
23, 365
27,169
9, 779
36, 993
33,398
8,203
19,762
2,175

202, 515
50,271
34, 647
13,403
45, 291
25,756
7,869
22,579
2,699

125,940
18,014
17,933
7,815
26,822
31,382
7,038
15,131
1,805

88,731
16, 365
11, 872
6,816
20,965
16,650
3,708
10, 756
1,599

33,060
4,820
9,010
1,923
9,636
1,775
1,043
4,492
361

97,038
29,897
20,060
5,513
21,131
6,257
3, 380
9, 916
884

20.6
20,6
33.2
19.7
26.0
5.3
12. 7
22.7
16.6

47.9 1,844 16,746
59.5
531 4,009
57.9
226 2,715
41.1
41 1,074
46.7
535 3,195
241 2,849
24.3
43.0
122
781
43.9
139 1,907
32.8
9
216

Pacific........................ .
W ashington............
Oregon......................
California.................

15i, 933
47,505
37, 796
66,632

180,144
52,701
39,863
87,590

96,202
30,979
24, 855
39,368

79,131
25, 012
18,077
36,042

55,407
16,026
12,632
26,749

85,956
24,004
17,843
44,109

36.5
33.7
33.4
40.1

47.7 1, 324 15,057
45.5
500 3,685
44.8
309 3,943
50.4
515 7,429

United States... 3,948,722 3,925,090 2, 588, 596 2,074, 825 1,312,034 1,461,306

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce,




996
197
140
74
293
96
196

6,610
1,749
1,223
764
1,400
325
1,149

57, 702
17,198
12, 503
12,643
7,779
7,579

146

MORTGAGE DEBT OF FARMERS

No. 1 4 8 . — MORTGAGE DEBT OF FARMS OWNED WHOLLY BY THE
OPERATOR
F ully owned farms reporting
a m p u n t of mortgage debt

Division
and
State

Number

1910

19*20

YaJue of land and
buildings (thou­
sands of dollars)

1910

1920

Mortgage debt reported

Am ount (thou­
sands of dollars)

1910

19*20

Per cent
of value
of land
and
buildings

Average
value per
farm
reported as
mortgaged
(dollars)

1910 1920 1910

Average
debt per
farm
reported
as m ort­
gaged
(dollars)

19*20 1910 19*20

U. S._. 1,006, 511 1, 193,047 6, 330,237 13, 775, 500 1, 726, 173 4,003, 767 27.3 29.1 6, 289 11, 546 1,715 3,356
M e ...........
N. H____
v t . . _ ........
M ass____
R . I .........
Conn ..

53, 791
13, 894
5, 606
12.138
12, 030
1,001
9, 062

49,456
12, 345
4, 951
11,504
11,663
856
8,137

183,826
39, 774
15, 457
36, 859
49, 742
4,088
37, 906

271,163
58, 427
20, 274
61, 071
70, 745
4, 865
55, 781

58, 536
11, 739
4, 774
12,436
16, 371
1, 356
11,859

91, 756
18,592
6,821
23, 576
23,412
1,494
17,861

31.3
29.5
30. 9
33. 7
32.9
33.2
31.3

33.8
31.8
33. 6
38.6
33.1
30. 7
32.0

3, 417
2,863
2, 728
3, 037
4,135
4, 084
4,183

5, 433 1,088 1, 855
4, 733 845 1,506
4, 095 842 1,378
5,309 1,025 2,049
6,066 1,361 2,007
5,683 1,355 1, 746
6,855 1, 309 2,195

Mid, A tl___
N\ Y ____
N. J _____
P a_______

118, 220
62, 555
10,666
44, 999

113,441
59, 735
9,296
44, 410

518, 335
284, 659
55, 507
176,168

711,868
388,141
67,176
256, 577

178,326
97,310
19,477
61,539

258,397
145,533
25,123
87, 741

34.5
34.2
35.1
34.9

36.3
37.5
37.4
34.2

4, 368
4, 551
5, 204
3,915

6,275
6, 497
7, 226
5, 777

E. Kf. C _____
Ohio_____
Ind______
111_______
M ich ____
W is______

257, 884
42, 785
40,108
36, 938
68, 655
69, 398

274, 347 1. 605, 965 2,959,228
43, 068 220, 750
387,188
439,153
40, 416 251, 961
775, 395
36, 663 454, 857
67,119 250,874,
420,108
937, 385
87, 081 427, 522

459, 887
63, 788
57, 487
115,800
75, 997
146, 815

922,266
121,121
105, 256
197,212
144,103
354, 574

28.6
28.9
22.8
25. 5
30.3
34.3

31.2
31.3
24.0
25.4
34.3
37.8

W. N . C .........
M in n ____
Iowa_____
M o______
N. D a k ...
S. D ak___
N ebr____
K an s. .

236, 875 ! 266,281 2, 361, 541 5, 414, 232
925, 963
41, 7751| 57,585 295, 016
52, 341 735, 265 1, 814, 260
50, 452
68, 784 389, 476
752,008
64, 028
22,623 213,643
380,133
19,187
11,313
14,039 154, 749
411, 837
19, 778
23, 986 286, 309
705, 561
424, 469
30, 442
26, 923 287, 082

N . Eng..........

S. A tl______
Del______
M d ______
D. C _____
Y a ______
W . Y a ___
N. C _____
s . c ______

G a___ . . .
F la ______
E.S. C ______
K v . . ___
T enn. . . .
A la. ____
M iss.........
w . s.

c___

A rk
___
L a _______
Okla_____
T e x ..........

1,508 2,278
1,556 2,436
1,826 2, 703
1,368 1,976

6,227 10,786 1, 783 3, 362
5, 160 8,990 1,491 2,812
6, 282 10,866 1,433 2.604
12, 314 21,149 3 ,135|5, 379
3, 654 6, 259 1,107 2.147
6,160 10, 765 2,116 4, 072

608, 481 1,437,337 25.8 28. 5 9,935 20,333 2, 568 5,398
77, 866 254, 475 26.4 27.5 7,062 16, 080 1,864 4,419
204, 243 489, 817 27.8 27.0 14, 574 34, 662 4, 048 9, 358
112, 565 216, 463 28.9 28.8 6,083 10, 933 1,758 3,147
47, 842 108, 285 22.4 2a 5 11, 135 16,803 2, 493 4,786
32, 771
89,875 21. 2 21.8 13,679| 29,335 2,897 6,402
62,373 168,508 21- 8 23.9 14, 476 29,416 3,154 7,025
70, 820 109, 914 24. 7 25.9 9, 430 15,766 2,326 4,083

86, 522! 103, 039
1,903
2, 021 j
10, 407
10, 754
20
24
21,155
17.410
9, 031
7, 878:
19, 252
20,149
12, 265
1 1 ,189j
13, 8391 20, 797
4, 159j
7, 308

270, 317
8, 802
44, 399
233
62, 377
21,549
42, 952
39, 594
37, 526
12, 884

652, 812
11, 422
75,082
238
151, 585
43, 989
103, 282
92, 053
124, 579
50, 581

73, 597
3,069
15, 674
56
15,440
5, 593
9, 958
10,109
10,988
2,710

192,669
4, 460
27, 481
93
41, 726
11,206
31,968
25,153
37, 671
12,910

27.2
34. 9
35.3
24. 0
24.8
26. 0
23. 2
25.5
29.3
21.0

85, 282
25, 846'
17, 362!
19, 230
22, 844

109, 619
35,531
27, 496
24, 748
21, 844

203,125
81,315
47, 232
32, 311
42, 266

570, 595
230, 557
159, 001
81,889
99,149

59, 770
23,411
12, 626
10, 351
13, 381

176,102
67,116
49, 836
29,103
30, 046

29.4 .30.9
28.8 29. 1
26. 7 31.3
32.0 35.5
31.7 30.3

2, 382
3,146
2, 720
1,680
1,850

5, 205
6, 489
5, 783
3, 309
4, 539

701 1,606
906 1,889
727 1,812
538 1,176
586 1,375

96, 687
16, 555
7, 520;
24, 588!
48, 024

131, 550
29,504
10, 301
34, 045
57, 700

484,015 1,134, 848
129, 348
35, 035
68,362
28, 772
272, 616
122, 327
664, 523
297, 881

121,366
8,941
8,950
27, 385
76, 089

304,632
38,539
20,491
73, 434
172,167

25.1
25.5
31.1
2214
25.5

26.8
29.8
30.0
26.9
25.9

5, 006
2,116
3, 826
4, 975
6,203

8, 627
4, 384
6, 636
8 ,00S
11,517

1,255 2,316
540 1,306
1,190*1,989
1,114 2,157
1,584:2,984

927, 906
240, 550
223, 649
55, 610
211, 701
43,085
50, 453
84, 578
18, 281

59,364
10,741
14, 557
4,208
18, 986
2,590
2, 253
4, 564
1, 464

283, 424
77, 950
69,868
15,303
62,623
11,178
15, 648
24, 335
6, 519

23.9
24.1
22.6
25.2
24.6
24.2
25.9
21.4
34. 1

30.5
32.4
31-2
27.5
29.6
25.9
31.0
28.8
35.7

9,277 12, 519 2,221 3, 824
11,182 11, 323 2, 692 3, 669
8,477 13, 04711,917 4,076
10, 892 14,125 2, 749 3,887
10, 214 13, 454 2,508 3, 980
7,647 9,948 1,854 2,581
10, 696 17, 543 2,772 5,441
6, 046 10, 460 1.294 3,009
13, 907 23,834 4, 738 8,499

457,119 1,132, 848
202, 018
113, 395
93, 525
166,663
250, 199
764,166

106, 847
25,645
21,166
60,037

337,184
61,121
51,999
224,064

23.4
22.6
22.6
24.0

29.8
30.3
31.2
29.3

10,291
8,918
9,103
11,675

Mountain__
M on t........
Idaho____
\Yvo_____
Colo_____
N. M ex__
A r iz ..........
U tah.........
N ev_____

26, 731
3, 990
7, 594
1,531
7, 5711
1,397
813
3, 526
309

Pacific_____
W a sh ... .
Oreg_____
C a lif.........

44, 419
12, 715|
10, 274!
21, 430j

74,118
21, 244
17,142
3, 937
15, 735
4,331 i
2, 876
8, 086
767
i
71,196 1
19,503
14, 355'
37, 338,
1

247, 994
44, 615
64, 376
16, 675
77, 332
10,683
8, 695
21, 320
4,297

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce,



29. 5 3,124
39.0 4, 355
36.6 4, 129
39.1 11,670
27.5 3, 583
25.5 2, 735
31.0 2, 231
27.3 3, 539
30.2 2,712
25. 5 3, 098

6,336 851 1,870
6, 002 1,518 2,344
7,215 1,457 2,641
9,913 2,805 3,871
7,165 887 1,972
4, 871 710 1,241
5,126 517 1,587
7, 505 903 2, 051
5, 990 794 1,811
6, 921 652 1, 767

15,912 2,405 4,736
10,358 2,017 3,134
11,610 2,060 3,622
20,4661
2,802 6, 001

147

FARM EXPENDITURES

No. 1 4 9 . — FARM EXPENDITURES FOR LABOR, FERTILIZER, AND FEED, 19 19
[N ote.—The per cent columns indicate the proportion which farms reporting some expenditure for the
given purpose make of a ll farms]
Labor
Farms
reporting
Division and State
Num­
ber

Cash
ex­
pended
(thou­
Per sands of
cent dollars)

Fertilizer
Rent
and
board
fu r­
nished
(thou­
sands
of dol­
lars)

Feed

Farms
reporting

Num­
ber

Amount
ex­
pended
(thou­
Per sands of
cent dollars)

Farms
reporting

Num­
ber

Am ount
ex­
pended
(thou­
Per sands of
cent dollars)

44. 8 1,098, 605 257, 799 2, 271,180

35.2

43,687 10, 070
7, 506 2,135
3, 665
856
5, 789 1,924
13, 929 2, 648
1,730
372
11,067 2,136

77, 965
22, 641
8, 799
14,568
16. 992
2, 297
12, 668

49.8
46.9
42.9
50. 1
53. 1
56. 3
55. 9

18, 323
7, 759
526
857
3,907
380
4,894

134, 450
39, 794
18,015
25, 389
27,853
3, 608
19, 791

85.
82.
87.
87.
87.
88.
87.

9
5
8
3
0
4
4

69, 539
14, 859
8, 726
11,071
20, 273
2,889
11, 721

95,198 28, 807
49, 346 14, 979
14, 359 3, 716
31, 494 10,112

280, 583
113,578
22, 774
144, 231

06.0
58.8
76. 7
71. 3

41, 438
15, 067
10, 743
15, G28

340, 080
158, 428
24, 933
156, 719

80. 0
82. 0
83. 9
77. 5

149,363
82, 966
14, 719
51,678

56, 446
10, 089
7, 259
18, 474
7,069
13, 555

360, 314
165, 556
98, 703
22, 488
65, 782
7, 785

33.2
64. 5
48.1
9. 5
33.5
4.1

30, 589
13, 206
8, 735
2,996
4,873
780

683,476
161, 658
130, 075
158,180
111,191
122, 372

63. 0
63. 0
63. 4
66. 7
56. 6
64. 6

197,070
40, 378
42, 306
64, 528
21,939
27, 919

673, 641
111,697
136, 682
125, 248
51,752
49, 658
80, 696
117, 908

61. 4 263, 596 78. 487
62. G 36,451 13, 360
52, 942 17, 756
64. 0
47, 6
33, 037 7, 078
66. 6
27, 678 9, 386
24,122 7, 630
66. 5
64. 9
34, 604 10,165
71. 3
54, 761 13,112

80,914
3,031
3,177
47, 383
489
175
476
6,183

5.6
1. 7
1. 5
18.0
.6
.2
.4
3. 7:

6,169
433
597
3, 941
120
34
65
979

694, 619
100, 530
147, 605
164, 639
42, 957
37, 966
83, 374
117, 548

63. 3
56. 3
69. 2
62. 6
55. 3
50. 9
67. 0
71. 1

307, 391
22,941
79,069
60,172
12, 383
16,689
58,624
57, 515

South A tlan tic............
Delaw are..................
M arylan d ................
Dist. of C olum bia..
V irg in ia...................
W est V irg in ia...
North Carolina___
South Carolina____
Georgia___
Florida.....................

376, 580
5, 394
29,123
112
66,500
31, 328
78, 394
62, 095
83, 444
20,190

32. 5
53. 2
60. 8
54. 9
35. 7
35. 9
29. 1
32. 2
26. 9
37. 4

88, 226 14,782
2, 052
756
12,915 3,806
140
33
17,003 3, 420
4, 787 1,029
10, 818 1,218
13,688 1,496
16, 705 2.311
10,118
713

933, 634
9,107
39, 270
316
335, 218
35,309
228, 767
176, 537
280, 385
28, 925

80. 6! 185,700
1, 222
89.8
82.0 i
7,610
56.9 !
23
72.6 ! 17,278
40. 5:
1,710
84.8 ; 48,797
52, 547
91.6
90.2
46,196
53.6 . 10,317

480, 494
6, 405
33, 353
153
97, 297
47,183
128, 904
60, 088
86, 580
20, 471

41. 5
63. 2
69. 6
75. 0
52. 2
54. 1
47. 8
31. 2
27. 9
37. 9

60, 505
1,490
8, 045
171
12, 400
6, 640
12,292
5,904
9,539
5,025

East South Central.
K en tucky.................
Tennessee.................
A labam a.. ___ _
Mississippi
___

247, 906
76, 953
70, 494
57,308
43,151

23. 6
28. 4
27. 9
22. 4
15. 9

37, 855
15,292
9, 647
6, 589
6, 327

6, 281
2, 860
1,579
1,135
706

418, 217
80, 687
84, 827
175, 407
71, 296

39.8 *
32.0 j
33.6
68. 5
26.2

25,477
3,597
3, 525
14,066
4,288

369,149
119, 689
100, 074
71,668
77, 718

35. 1
44. 2
39. 6
28. 0
2a 6

43,364
16, 017
11,165
5, 921
10,261

West South C en tral...
Arkansas..................
L o u isian a________
Oklahoma. . ___
T e x a s ........... . . . .

389, 994
66, 720
30, 166
102. 674
190, 434

39. 2
28. 7
22. 3
53. 5
43. 7

147, 417 15, 570
12, 068 1,139
19, 700 1, 719
35, 333 5, 282
80,315 7, 430

108, 894
41, 338
37, 652
2,445
27,459

10-9
17.8
27.8
3.3
6.3

8, 697
2, 573
3, 840
452
1,831

505, 490
118, 998
56, 423
114, 488
215, 581

50. 7
51. 2
41. 7
59. 6
49. 4

121,092
17, 725
12,232
30, 372
60, 762

Mountain.....................
M ontana...............
Idaho ......................
W yom ing.................
Colorado...................
New Mexico. ..........
Arizona.....................
U ta h .......................
N evada.....................
Pacific.......... ............ .
Washington.............
O regon................
California________

125,480
24, 378
24, 789
6, 961
35,149
11, 538
5, 639
15,033
1,993
142, 428
38, 055
27, 959
76. 414

51. 4
84, 892 21, 527
42. 3
15, 603 5, 741
14, 734 3, 570
58. 9
44. 2
6,717 2, 583
23,147 5,146
58. 6
7:
38.
5,260 1,178
7, 664
779
56. 5
58. 6;
7,472 1,018
63. 0i
4,296 1,513
60. 8 155,420 25, 829
57. 4! 28,330 5, 791
55. i ; 17,102 3, 869
64. 9: 109,928 16,168
!
j

4,926
453
575
55
1,184
1,458
126
1,017
58
25, 733
3, 645
5, 614
16, 474

2.0
.8
3.4
.3
2.0
4.9
1.3
4.0
1.8
11.0
5.5
11.2
14.0

809
126
106
8
294
113
41
109
10
9,198
526
490
8,183

141,139
37, 901
24, 062
8,823
36,092
14, 586
4,906
13, 082
1,687
163, 214
51, 038
34, 404
77, 772

57. 8
65. 7
57. 1
56. 0
60. 2
48. 9
49. 2
51. 0
53. 3
69. 7
77. 0
68. 5
66. 1

68,636
19, 791
10, 709
6,910
18, 431
5,371
2,060
3,941
1,423
80,493
20, 722
13,390
46,381

United States........ 2, 889,642
New E n g lan d ............
M aine..................... .
New Ham pshire. . .
Verm ont____ ____ _
M assach u setts___
Rhode Island ___
Connecticut . . - _

90, 031
26, 735
11,365
18,171
18, 322
2, 296
13,142

67. 5
55. 4
55, 4
62. 5
57. 3
56. 2
58. 0

Middle A tla n tic ____
New Y o r k ...........
New Jersey ........ .
Pennsylvania..........

260, 960
121, 256
18,588
121,116

61. 4
62. 8
62. 6
59. 9

East North Central. __
O h io ____ _ ____
I n d i a n a . . ____
Illinois....................
M ichigan. .........
Wisconsin ______

582,622
124, 806
93, 207
151, 300
102, 431
110, 878

53. 7
48. 6
45. 5
63. 8
52. 1
58. 6

West North C en tral...
M innesota...............
I o w a ............... .........
M isso u ri.................
North D a k o ta ........
South D akota_____
Nebraska. ...........
K ansas.....................

182, 314
36,-339
25, 609
60, 909
24, 876
34, 582

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.




326,400 3,512,111

54. 5 1,097,452

MOTOR V E H IC L E S, T E L E PH O N E S, E T C ., ON FARM S

148

No. 1 5 0 .— NUMBER OF FARMS AND PER CENT OF A l l FARMS REPORTING
MOTOR VEHICLES, TELEPHONES, WATER,'AND LIGHT, 1920

Automobiles

M otor
trucks

Tractors

Telephones
|

Num­
ber of
farms

Per Num­ Per Num­ Per
ber of
cent ber of cent farms cent
farms

1,979, 564 30.7 131, 551

2 .0 229, S32

Per Num­ Per Num­ Per
cent ber of cent ber of cent
farms
farms

3.8 2,498,493 38.7 643, 899 10.0 452,620
51. 4i
49. 0
49. 5
57.6
51.7
41. 3
51.8

74,954
18,020
10, 765
18, 301
16,893
1,451
9,524

1.4
1.3
1.0
1.5
1.7
1.7
1.8

80,510
23,632
10,166
16, 752
16, 537
1, 685
11,733

149, 599
68, 003
11, 731
69,865

85.2 20,472 4 .8 13,240
35.2 8. 636 4 .5 7,021
845
39.5 3,075 10.4
34.5 8, 761 4 .3 5,374

3.1
&6
2 .8
2 .7

189,344
91,973
9, 484
87,887

513,052
119, 511
95, 238
125, 586
78, 919
93, 798

47.3 24,942
46.6 6,960
46.4 3,501
52.9 5,907
40.2 4, 681
49.6 3, 893

2 .3 55,413
2.7 9,934
1.7 8,871
2. 5 21,932
2 .4 5, 584
2.1 9,092

5.1 ’ 078, 862 62.6 134, 877
3 .9 159,478 62.1 41,-531
4 .3 136,140 66.4 23, 476
9 .2 173, 572 73.2 26, 676
97, 874 49.8 29, 729
•2.8
4 .8 111, 798 69.1 13, 465

M in n e so ta -.............. .
Iow a_______________
M issouri.......................
N orth D akota______
South Dakota.............
Nebraska ____ ____
Kansas— .....................

631,631
101,847
156, 081
81,392
44, 010
51, 780
94, 004
102, 517

57.8 32.331
57.1 3, 677
73.1 8, 669
30.9 4,878
56.6
743
69-4 4,249
75. 6 6, 333
62.0 3, 782

2 .9
2. 1
4. 1
1.9
1.0
5.7
5. 1
2 .3

South A tla n tic _______
D elaw are.*.................
M aryland-...................
D istrict of CohimbiaVirginia-- _________
West; Virginia______
N orth C a r o lin a _______
South Carolina_____
G erogia--......................
Florida ......... ..................

187, 236
3, 693
16, 049
50
28,557
10.405
41,839
30, 709
47,173
8,761

16.2 14, 716 1.3 10,460
36.4
283 2 8
220
33. 5 2, 556 5.3 1,410
1
24. 5
29 14.2
15.3 2,389 1.3 2,206
11.9
886 1.0
541
.9 2,184
15.5 2 551
.8 1,213
15.9 1,009
.9 2,083
15.2 2,913
16.2 1, 500 2 .8
602

M iddle Atlantic................

New Y ork
New Jersey
...........
P ennsylvania______

East Worth C entral-____

O h i o ..... ........... . . .
Indiana.........................
Illinois............. ............
M ichigan...................
Wisconsin__________

West North Central____

East South Central......... ..

K en tuck y__________
Tennessee_______ - - Alabam a _ ______________
Mississippi........................ ......

West South Central_______

Arkansas ____ _________
Louisiana ____ _ . . . .
Oklahoma
.....................
T e x a s-. ........................................

M ountain-

_

M ontana .....................................
Idaho .................... .......................
W yom ing ...................................
Colorado ______ ___________
N ew Mexico - ...............
Arizona ..................................
U tah .................................................
N e v a d a -...................

P acific.................................

Washington________
O r e g o n . ...... ............
California ___ ............

40,269 25.7
11, 686 ,2 4 . 2
4, 797 23.4
7,611 26.2
8,181 25.6
1,198 29.3
6, 796 30.0

7,284 4 .7
1,061 2. 2
663 3 .2
576 2 .0
3,136 9 .8
471 11.5
1,377 6.1

Num­
ber of
farms

2,245
605
196
424
540
69
411

M aine_____________
New Hampshire........
Verm ont.....................
Massachusetts ____
Rhode Isla n d --..........
Connecticut-.......... .

Gas or
electric
light

i

Division and State

United States.........
H ew England ..................

' W ater
piped into
house

44.5 98,936 23.3 60,102
47. 6 45, 487 23.5 24,882
31.9 7, 047 23. 7 4, 551
43.5 46,402 22 9 30,669

2.2
2.9
.5
1.2
.6
.8
.6
.7
1.1

164,213
2,763
11, 755
67
33, 482
37, 789
33,029
10,943
29,861
4, 524

14.2 38,775 3.3 45,407 3.9
752 7.4
397 3.9
27.2
24. 5 6, 702 14.0 3,330 7.0
51 25. 0
52 25.5
32.8
18.0 9, 474 5. 1 7,874 4 .2
43. 3 4, 974 6.7 12,000 14.8
12.2 4, 423 1.6 7,816 2.9
5.7 3, 443 1.8 5,170 2. 7
9 .6 5,615 1.8 5, 826 1.9
8.4 3,341 6 .2 2,042 3.8

5,044
1,913
1,796
737
598

.5
.7
.7
.3
.2

183.692
73,145
56,880
38,407
28,260

18.7 15,999
27.0 5,139
22. 5 4, 890
15. 0 2, 987
10.4 2,983

1.5 21,720
1.9 5,925
1.9 4, 554
1. 2 8, 345
1.1 289 6

2.1
2.2
1.8
3.3
1.1

1.8
.6
1.6
3 .0
1.9

273,815 27.4 49,191
52,869 22. 7 1,780
8, 599 6.3 2,185
71,613 37.3 6,646
140,234 32.2 38,580

4.9 19,352
.8 264 3
1. 6 1,471
3.5 7,010
8.8 8,228

1.9
1.1
1.1
3.7
1.9

.9

173,609 17.4
15, 401 6 .6
9, 494 7.0
49,017 25. 5
99, 697 22.9

8,960
973
793
2,070
5,124

.9 17,435
.4 1,423
.6 2,142
1.1 5, 786
1.2 8,084

7,168
1,167
779
554
2,884
552
527
544
161

2 .9 15,865 & 5
2 .0 6,890 11.9
1.9 1,468 3 .5
969 6 .2
3.5
4 .8 4,526 7.6
1.8
457 1.5
5.3
820 &2
2. 1
553 2.2
5.1
182 5.8

62,503
9, 781
13, 837
4,449
22,022
3,359
1,638
6,295
1,122

47.2 10,809
41.7 3,172
41.0 1,728
53.1 5,909

4 .8 17,507 7.5
4 .8 2, 474 3.7
3 .4 2,902 5.8
5 .0 12,131 10.3

90,612 36.7 97,809
27, 952 42. 2 18,967
25,351 50. 5 12,914
37, 309 31.7 65,928

110, 640
27, 626
20,561
62, 453

Source: Eueau of the Census, Department of Commerce.




12.4 113,871 10.5
16.2 37,745 14.7
11.4 20, 584 10.0
11.2 23, 273 9.8
15. 1 15, 695 8.0
7.1 16, 574 8.8

69.5 107,015 9.8 97,847 8.9
6 2.0 11,392 6,4 13, 539 7.6
86.1 33, 851 15.9 32, 552 15.3
6 2.2 11, 901 4. 5 14, 341 5.5
4 6.8 4, 684 6.0 4, 518 5.8
59.4 9,157 12 3 6, 445 8.6
76. 4 20,691 16.6 12 062 9.7
77.9 15,339 9.3 14,390 8.7

4,869
1,455
1, 362
1,114
938

37.6
36.0
39. 5
39.2
47.3
18.6
45.5
32. 1
45.4

14.1
12.9
15.3
15.2

762,442
110, 568
183, 852
163, 543
36,349
44, 327
95, 050
128, 753

92,123 8 .4
14, 794 8.3
19, 427 9. 1
7,438 2.8
11,834 15.2
12,160 16.3
10,342 8 .3
16,128 9 .8

81,830 7.8
28, 532 10.5
22, 446 8.9
15,906 6 .2
14, 946 5 .5

91, 698
20, 749
16, 651
6,180
28, 356
5, 546
4, 534
8, 246
1, 436

.5
.5
.5
.4
.3

7.0

47.9 24,000 15.3
37.4 4,625 9. 6
52.5 2, 322 11.3
62 9 3,328 11.4
52.8 9,062 28.3
35.5
700 17.1
42 0 3,963 17. 5

25.6 26,343 10.8 25,161 10.3
17.0 3, 055 5.3 2,013 3.5
, 982 14.2
32.9 5,240 12.4
28.3 1,035 6.6
717 4.6
36.7 6,806 11.4 3,925 6. 5
422 1.4
11.3 1,460 4.9
16.4 1,988 19.9
592 5.9
24.5 6,179 24. 1 11,125 43.4
385 12 2
35.5
580 1&3
6

41.8 45,160 19.3
28.6 9,178 13.8
25.7 5, 463 10.9
56.0 30,519 25.9

149

WAGES OF FABM LABOR

No. 1 5 1 . —AVERAGE WAGES OF MALE FARM LABOR:
Per month

Division and State

W ith hoard

1922

1923

Per day at harvest

W ithout
board
1922

1923

W ith board

19*22

1923

W ithout
board
192*2

1923

B

y

States

Per day other than
harvest
W ith board

1922

1923

W ithout
board
1922

1923

United States ---------North Atlantic....................

Dolls. Dolls. Dolls. Dolls. Dolls. Dolls. Dolls. Dolls. Dolls. Dolls. Dolls. Dolls.
2.47
29.17 33.18 41. 79 46. 91 2. 20 2.45 «. 72 S. 03 1.65 1.93 2.15

M aine. ................. .........
New Hampshire____
V erm ont.......................
M assachusetts. . . ..
Rhode Islan d .. ____
Connecticut________
New Y o rk . ................
New Je rs e y .. . . . . .
P ennsylvania..............

37.14
38.00
38.00
35. 00
41. 00
40.00
40.00
39. 70
40.00
33.00

43.42
41.00
46. 50
40; 60
50. 00
50.00
52.00
45. 50
44. 50
38.00

55. 82
53. 50
60. 00
52. C
O
68. 00
65. 00
67.00
56, 50
62. C
O
50, 90

63. 31
61. 00
69. 00
60. 30
80. 00
80. 00
75.00
64.00
67.00
55.50

2. 70
2. 45
2. 46
2. 35
2. 56
2. 75
2. 50
3.00
3. 05
% 50

3.21
2. 90
a oo
2. 90
3. 20
3.00
3. 10
3. 55
3. 40
2.90

3.40
3. 07
3. 20
3,00
3. 45
3. 60
3. 40
3.65
3.80
3.20

3.99
3. 50
3.90
3, 60
4. 15
4.00
4. 10
4.30
4.40
3.60

2.24
2. 08
2 .11
1. 96
2. 31
2. 37
2. 05
2.46
2. 25
2. 10

2.73
2. 50
2. 70
2. 55
2. 95
2. 65
2.80
3. 00
2. 55
2.48

2. 91
2. 70
2, 84
2. 53
3. 18
3. 20
2.95
a 15
3.00
2.70

3.48
3.10
3. 00
3.20
3. 90
3. 65
3. 75
3.70
3. 55
3.15

South Atlantic________
Delaware___________
M aryland _________________
Virginia________ . . .
W est V ir g in ia ._____
bJorth Carolina ___
South C arolin a . -------Georgia______ __________
Florida. .....................

22.12
27. 10
28.50
24.80
33. 20
24.00
18. 20
15. 60
23.40

24. 93
32. 80
32.00
28.00
35. 50
28.00
20. 00
17. 30
26. 00

31. 72
40. 00
42.00
35. 50
47. 90
33.00
23. 20
23. 00
35. 50

35. 55
51.00
48. 00
40.00
50. 50
39.00
27. 50
24. 50
40.00

1.61
2. 33
2. 17
1. 90
2. 20
1. 85
1. 24
1.05
1. 30

1. 76
2. 85
2.70
2. 10
2. 48
1. 95
1. 35
1.16
1. 57

2. 01
2. 85
2.77
2. 32
2.80
2. 25
1. 56
1. 35
1.80

2. 21
3. 50
3. 30
2.60
3.08
2. 45
1. 75
1. 40
2. 15

1.18
1.60
1. 54
L 31
1. 55
1. 35
.85
.88
1. 15

1. 41
2. 25
1. 95
1.61
1.90
1. 55
1. 12
1. 00
1. 44

1.55
2.07
% 11
1. 76
2.10
1. 75
1. 08
1,12
L 60

1. 82
2. 75
2. 50
2.08
2.50
1.95
1. 42
1. 30
2.00

East North Central. . . .
Ohio_____ __________ ....
Indiana____________
Illinois_____________
Michigan. ..............
Wisconsin__________

S3. 35
32. 60
30.20
33. 90
33. 60
37.00

39.41
36.80
35. 40
40.20
40.00
45.00

46. 71
46. 50
42. 70
45.00
47. 30
54.00

53. 59
50. 40
48. 60
52. .50
55. 00
63. 00

2. 87
2.70
2. 58
2. 75
2.0)0
2.65

3.14
3.05
3.10
3. 38
3. 10
2. 96

3.27
3. 28
3. 15
3. 30
3. 29
3. 32

3. 82
3.70
3. 75
4.00
3.88
3. 70

2.00
2.00
1. SO
1. 95
2. 10
2,20

2. 36
2. 18
2. 25
2. 40
2. .58
2.45

2. 58
2. 60
2. 32
2. 48
2. 70
2. 90

3. 01
2.92
2. 83
2. 96
3. 23
3.15

M innesota...................
Iow a_______ ______
M issouri____ _______
N orth D ak o ta______
South D akota.............
N e b ra sk a ___ . . . . .
K an sas...................... .

33.63
35.00
36. 80
28. 70
38. 70
36.40
34. 50
32,50

37.54
37. 00
43. 30
31.00
40. 30
43. 20
40.00
35.90

47.14
50. 00
49. 70
39. 50
55. 50
53.00
48. 50
40. 70

52.33
55. 50
56. 00
42. 50
58. 80
61. 70
54. 00
50. 60

2. 88
2. 90
2. 70
2. 25
3.90
3. 05
3.00
3, 50

3.17
3. 27
3. 16
2. 50
3. 72
3. .50
3. 30
3. 65

3. 51
3. 60
3. 35
2. 73
4. 85
3. 75
3. 65
4 10

3. 86
4. 03
3. 80
3. 05
4. 77
4. 20
4. 10
4. 30

2.01
2. 20
2. 11
1. 46
2. 50
2. 25
2. 15
2.19

2. 27
2. 55
2. 52
1. 62
2. 50
2. 65
2. 42
2. 32

2.63
2. 95
2. 67
1.90
3. 40
3. 10
2. 85
2. 75

2.91
3.29
3.12
2. 10
3.50
3. 45
3.00
2. 90

South C en tral................
K en tu ck y................
Tennessee__________
A lab am a.....................
Mississippi...................... .
Louisiana.......... ..................
Texas........................ ......
Oklahoma__________
A rkan sas___
___

22. 33
25. 90
22. 30
17. 60
18. 20
22.40
24.20
26.00
21.35

24.13
28. 10
24. 60
19. 90
20.00
21. 00
28.30
27.40
23.00

32. 09
36. 30
30. 75
25. 80
25. 90
32. 60
35. 40
37.00
31.60

34. 55
38. 60
35. 00
28. 20
29. 40
33.00
39. 70
38.30
33. 90

1.61
1. 95
1. 58
1. 18
L 14
1. 30
1. 72
2. 35
1. 56

1.71
% 16
1. 75
1. 26
1.20
1. 45
1.90
2. 50
1.64

1. 98
2. 46
1. 90
1. 48
1. 50
1. G
O
2. 10
2. 75
2.00

2.14
2. 67
2. 20
1. 58
1. 57
1. 85
2.40
2.90
2.06

1 . 20
1. 23
1. 07
1.00
1. 10
1.26
1.30
1. 52
1.15

1. 33
1. 51
1. 28
1. 20
1. 29
1.45
1. 45
1.60
1. 30

L 56
1.63
1. 40
1.30
1. 45
1. 60
1. 66
1. 96
1. 52

L 76
1.97
1.64
1. 50
1.68
1.75
1.88
2.00
1.66

Far W e ste rn ............... ...
M o n ta n a .......... .........
Wyoming.....................
C o lo ra d o .______. . .
New M exico. _ . . . .
Arizona____________
U tah_______________
Nevada .................. .
Id a h o .........................
Washington......... .......
Oregon_____________
C alifornia...................

45. 57
42. 20
39. 50
35.00
31.00
40.00
47.00
48.00
4 a 00
45.00
43. 50
55.00

51. 25
48.00
44. 50
40.00
32. 50
54.00
54.00
58.00
53.00
54. 30
52. 50
56.00

66. 03
63.00
60.00
54.00
46.00
58.00
64. 00
65.00
66. 00
65. 00
63. 00
79. 00

72.79
65. 50
62. 50
s a 30
48. 00
66. 00
73. 70
86.00
72. 70
77. 00
70.00
82.00

2. 89
3. 60
2. 40
2. 52
1. 60
2.40
2. 40
3.00
2. 75
3. 25
2. 85
3. 20

3. 22
3.60
2.90
2.80
2.10
2. 35
2.70
2. 90
3. 57
3. 90
3. 30
3. 25

3. 58
4. 40
3. 25
3. 27
2. 10
3.00
2. 95
3, 85
3. 40
3. 90
3.50
3.90

3. 95
4. 52
3. 78
3. 50
2. 30
2. 65
3. 31
3.80
4. 25
4. 50
4. 15
4. 10

2. 23
2.40
1. 95
1.90
1. 30
1. 75
2.16
2.40
2. 22
2. 38
2. 25
2. 53

2.64
2. 70
2. 50
2.20
1. 58
2. 10
2. 47
2. 45
2.85
2. 95
2. 80
2.80

3.00
3. 20
2. 75
2.60
1.80
2. 50
2. 81
3. 40
3.00
3. 15
2. 95
3.40

3.42
3. 55
3. 40
2.90
2. 10
2. 70
3. 05
3.58
3.45
3. 75
3. 48
3, 70

West North Central____

-ouree: D ep artm en t of Agriculture-.




.

wages of farm labor

150

No, 1 5 2 .— AVERAGE WAGES OF MALE FARM LABOR:

G eo graphic D iv isio n s , by C la ssbs

B y the
month

D ay labor
at harvest

D ay labor,
not harvest

W ith W ith ­ W ith W ith ­ W ith W ith ­
out
out
out
board board board board board board

B y the
month
Year

U nited S tates and
D ay labor
at harvest

D ay labor,
not harvest

W ith W ith ­ W ith W ith ­ W ith W ith­
out
out
out
board board board hoard board board

UN ITED ST ATE S
1910______
1911______
1912______
1913______
1914______
1915______
1916______

$19. 21 $27. 50 $1.45 $1. 82 $1.06 $1. 38
20. 18 28. 77 1. 49 1. 85 1. 09 1. 42
20. 81 29. 58 1. 54 1. 87 1. 14 1.47
21. 38 30. 31 1. 57 1. 94 1. 16 1. 50
21. 05 29. 88 1. 55 1 .9 1 1. 13 1. 45
21. 26 30. 15 1. 56 1. 92 1. 13 1. 47
23, 25 32. 83 1. 09 2. 07 1. 26 1. 62

1917______
1918______
1919______
1920______
1 9 2 1 .......
1922______
1923______

$28.
34.
39.
46.
30.
29.
33.

87 $40. 43 $2. 08 $2. 54 $1. 56
92 48. 80 2. 65 3. 22 2. 07
82 56. 29 3. 15 3. 83 2. 45
89 64. 95 3. 60 4. 36 2. 86
14 43. 32 2. 24 2. 79 1. 68
17 41. 79 2. 20 2. 72 1. 65
18 46. 91 2. 45 3. 03 1. 93

$2. 02
2. 63
3.12
3. 59
2.22
2. 15
2. 47

1921______ $38.06 $57. 25 $2. 73 $3. 45 $2. 20
1922........... 37.14 55. 82 2. 70 3. 40 2. 24
1923............ 43. 42 63.31 3. 21 3. 99 2. 73

$2.90
2. 91
3. 48

NORTH A T L A N T IC
$21. 65 $33. 19 $1. 63 $2.08 $1. 17 $1.58
23.45 35.29 1.67 2. 12 1. 30 1. 71
51. 92 75.54 3. 78 4. 68 3. 20 4. 01

SOUTH A T L A N T IC
1910.......... $13. 77 $19. 75 $1. 07 $1.33 '$0. 77 $1. 01
1913........... 15.88 22. 62 1. 16 1. 45
.85 1.09
1920______ 35. 75 50.56 2. 69 3. 30 2. 13 2. 74

1921______ $22.33 $32. 26 $1. 59 $1.97 $1. 22
1922______ 22. 12 31. 72 1.61 2. 01 1.18
1923........... 24. 93 35. 55 1. 76 2. 21 1.41

$1. 58
1. 55
1.82

E A ST NORTH C E N T R A L
1910
$22. 94 $31.81 $1. 75 $2. 16 $1. 24 $1. 61
1913______ 24. 52 33. 78 1. 88 2. 29 1. 36 1. 75
1920______ 51. 49 70.09 4.17 5. C 3. 22 4. 01
O

1921 .
$34. 98 $48.84 $2. 68 $3. 33 $2. 04
1922 ........ 33. 35 46. 71 2. 67 3. 27 2. 00
1923______ 39.41 53. 59 3. 14 3. 82 2. 36

W E ST NORTH C E N T R A L
$25.10 $35. 45 $2. 01 $2. 43 $1. 38 $1. 77
26. 60 36. 68 2. 12 2. 54 1. 48 1. 91
59. 63 79. 79 5. 03 5.94 3. 78 4. 67

1921______ $35. 53 $49. 90 $3. 03 $3. 72 $2. 09
1922______ 33. 63 47. 14 2, 88 3. 51 2.01
1923........... 37. 54 52. 33 3.17 3. 86 2. 27

$2. 73
2. 63
2. 91

SOUTH C E N T R A L
1910........... $15.28 $21.90 $1. 14 $1. 47 $0. 89 $1.15
1913______ 16. 70 23. 85 1. 21 1. 51
.9 3 1. 18
1920........... 36. 53 51. 94 2. 80 3.41 2. 29 2. 89

1921______ $22. 72 $33. 10 $1.63 $2.04 $1. 21
1922______ 22. 33 32. 09 1.61 1.98 1. 20
1923____ . 24. 13 34. 55 1. 71 2. 14 1.38

$1. 70
1. 56
1.76

F A R W E ST E R N
$32.69 $46. 48 $2.02 $2. 52 $1.51 $2. 06
33. 52 48. 17 2. 02 2. 53 1. 52 2. 07
73. 21 99. 43 4. 48 5. 39 3. 66 4. 61

1921______ $47.29 $68. 01 $2. 87 $3. 63 $2. 26
1922______ 45. 57 6C. 03 2. 89 3. 56 2. 23
1923______ 51. 25 72. 79 3. 22 3. 95 2. 64

No. 1 5 3 .—FARM LABOR: P roportion

of

E ach C l a ss to T otal

fN ote.—Based on reports of of crop reporters of the Bureau of Crop Estimates, February* 1917.
States included in divisions see Table 151 j
Item

United
States

$3. 01
3.00
3. 42

For

East
W est
North
South
South
F ar
N orth
Atlantic North
Central C entral Atlantic Central Western

Per cent Per cent Per cent Per cent Per cent Per cent Per cent
Hired b y the m onth:
36.1
39.3
44. 8
52. 7
W ith b o ard -_______ ____________
33. 7
29. 0
37.4
W ithout board___________ ______
15.5
16. 5
15.1
9 .4
17.2
17. 0
9.5
D ay, excluding extra harvest:
15. 3
14.2
W ith board________ _________ ___
15. 5
13.8
17.4
14.8
13.7
W ithout board__________________
15. 7
13.7
9 .2
4.8
16.6
21.0
14.9
D ay, harvestiab or:
10. 5
10.8
15.9
8. 3
16.9
W ith b o a rd ._____ ______________
9 .0
9.7
6. 9
W ithout board__________________
7.3
4 .6
3.4
6. 8
8. 5
7.6
100. 0
Hired with board ....... .............. ..............
Hired without board________________

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100.0

61. 9
38. 1

62. 5
37. 5

71. 1
28. 9

82. 4
17.6

59. 4
40.6

53. 5
46. 5

68.0
32.0

Source: Tables 152 and 153, Department of Agriculture.




151

AGRICULTURAL, EXPORTS AND IMPORTS

No. 1 5 4 . — FOREIGN TRADE OF THE UNITED STATES IN AGRICULTURAL
AND FOREST PRODUCTS: 18 5 2 to 1923 ( S p e c ie V a l u e s )
[All figures, except percentages, in thousands of dollars; that is, 000 omitted]
Agricultural
imports 1

Agricultural exports 1
Y early average or
year ended June
30—

Domestic
Per
cent
of all
exports

Total

1853-1856__________
1857-1861. ............. .
1862-1866....................
1867-1871...................
1872-1876...................
1877-1881....................
1882-1886...................
1887-1891- ...............
1892-1896__________
1897-1901...................
1902-1906 ............. .
1907-1911 ........... .
1912-1916.................
1901- ........................
19 0 2 --........................
19 0 3 --........................
1904_ - ................... .
1905.............................
1906.............................
1907.............................
1908.............................
1909........................... .
1910-..........................
1911___ ____ ______
1912........................... .
1913- ................... .......
1914............................
1915 ..................... .
1916______________
1917.............................
1918..................... .......
1919. _____ ________
1920______________
1921.........................
1922_ ____________
1923_____ _____ ___

164, 895
215, 709
148, 866
250, 713
396, 666
591, 351
557, 473
573, 287
638, 748
827, 566
879, 541
975, 399
1,256, 452
951, 628
857, 114
878, 481
859, 160
826, 905
976, 047
1, 054, 405
1,017, 396
903, 238
871, 158
1,030, 794
1, 050, 627
1,123, 652
1,113, 974
1,475, 938
1,518, 071
1, 968, 253
2, 280, 466
3, 579, 918
3, 861, 511
2, 607, 641
1,915, 371
1, 798, 771

For­
eign

Per
cent
of all
im ­
ports

Total

80. 9
8, 060
81.1 10,174
75. 7
9, 288
8, 538
76. 9
8, 853
78. 5
8, 632
80. 4
9, 340
76.3
6, 982
74. 7
73.0
8, 446
65. 9 10, 962
59. 5 11,922
53. 9 12,126
45. 1 24, 275
65, 2 11, 293
63. 2 10, 308
63. 1 13, 505
59.5 12, 625
55. 4 12, 317
56. 7 10, 856
56.9 11,614
55. 5 10,299
9, 585
55. 1
50. 9 14, 470
51.2 14, 665
4S.4 12,108
46. 3 15, 029
47. 8 17, 729
54. 3 34,420
35. 5 42,088
31. 6 37, 640
39. 1 39, 553
50.6 103, 530
48.6 122. 598
40.8 87, 019
51.8 40, 590
46.3 43, 249

Forest products

77, 847
121, 018
122, 222
179, 774
263, 156
266, 384
311, 708
366, 950
398, 332
376, 550
487, 881
634, 571
924, 699
391, 931
413, 745
456, 199
461, 435
553, 851
554, 175
626, 837
539, 690
638, 613
687, 509
680, 205
783, 457
815, 301
924, 247
910, 786
1,189, 705
1, 404, 972
1,618, 874
1,768, 191
3,129, 659
1, 954, 741
1, 285, 271
1,903, 206

29.1
38. 2
43.0
42. 3
46. 5
50. 4
46.8
43. 3
51. 6
50. 2
46. 3
45. 2
50. 1
47.6
45.8
44. 5
46.6
49.6
45. 2
43. 7
45. 2
48. 7
44. 2
44. 5
47.4
45.0
48.8
54.4
54. 1
52. 8
55.0
57.1
59. 7
53. 5
49. 3
50. 3

Exports
Do­
mestic

Im­
ports

Excess
of
exports
(+ ) or of
imports

3, 256
6, 942
8, 511
14,813
19, 728
22,006
34, 253
39, 647
45, 091
52, 327
79, 885
137, 051
185, 390
57,144
59,187
71, 478
79, 619
92, 681
96, 462
122, 421
97, 733
123, 920
178, 872
162, 312
172, 523
180, 502
155, 261
165. 849
252, 851
322. 699
335, 033
293, 781
508, 410
343,141
249, 587
412,162

+4, 257
+ 4,015
-3 4 7
- 2 , 347
-8 6 2
- 3 , 874
- 8 ,1 3 1
- 1 2 ,1 4 4
- 1 4 ,1 0 7
-3 ,0 8 3
- 1 2 , 451
- 4 1 , 799
-8 7 ,6 9 8
+ 1,825
- 6 , 649
- 9 , 879
-5 ,3 5 6
-2 5 , 691
-1 4 ,6 7 8
-2 3 , 972
-2 ,8 0 1
-4 6 , 495
-8 4 ,0 4 0
-5 1 ,6 8 6
-5 7 , 988
-4 8 , 235
-4 3 , 765
-1 0 8 , 207
-18 0 ,33 1
-242, 609
-2 4 1 , 787
-1 7 4 , 501
-307, 334
-193,466
-1 5 0 , 720
-2 7 6 , 771

For­
eign

(-)

694
6, 819
9, 995
962
7, 366
798
11,775
691
17, 907
960
17, 579
553
24, 705 1,417
26, 061 1,443
29, 276 1, 707
45, 961 3, 283
63, 585 3, 850
88, 764 6, 488
92, 129 5, 563
55, 369 3, 599
48, 929 3, 609
58, 734 2, 865
70, 086 4,177
63, 199 3, 790
76,975 4, 809
92, 949 5, 500
90, 362 4, 570
72, 442 4, 983
85, 030 9, 802
103, 039 7, 587
108,122 6,413
124, 836 7, 432
106, 979 4,518
52, 554 5, 089
68,155 4,364
68, 919 11,172
87,181 6, 066
113, 275 6,006
190,049 11, 026
141, 876 7,805
93, 586 5, 275
128, 242 7,149

1 Not including forest products.

No. 1 5 5 . — AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS (DOMESTIC) OF THE UNITED STATES:
V a l u e a n d D is t r i b u t i o n , b y C o n t in e n t s
[In millions of dollars; that is, 2,130.4=82,130,400,000]
Agricultural exports

Calendar
year

1910-14L
1915____
1916____
1917____
1918____
1919____
1920____
1921-_.-_
1922____
1923.........

Total
Per
Total
Am ount exported to—
exports,
cent
Per
all
going
cent
com­
to
Per
going north­
modi­
North
to
ties
Amount cent Europe1 America1 South
Asia Oceania Africa Europe1 western
of all
America
Eu­
exports
rope 2
2,130. 4
3, 493. 2
5, 422. 6
6,169. 6
6, 047. 9
7, 749. 8
8,080. 5
4, 37a 9
3, 765. 1
4,090.7

1, 033.6
1, 602. 7
1, 739.1
2, 024. 2
2, 734. 0
4, 045. 9
3, 418. 2
2, 107. 2
1, 873. 8
1, 812.1

48. 5
45.9
32. 1
32. 8
45.2
52. 2
42. 3
48. 1
49.8
44.3

864. 1
1, 366. 2
1, 423. 7
1, 640.1
2, 236. 3
3. 501. 1
2, 687. 8
1, 608. 3
1, 434. 6
1, 338. 9

105.3
149.0
189. 5
265. 3
347.4
308. 5
414. 6
300. 7
259. 7
239.0

13.2
27. 7
28. 4
37. 5
11.0
26. 6
51.9
22. 1
21. 1
21. 4

35. 2
35. 8
78. 1
65. 2
121. 3
184. 7
194. 8
150. 6
131. 6
186.6

7.4
14. 5
8,2
9. 2
8.2
9.9
18. 7
12. 5
11.8
14.2

4. 7
9. 5
16.9
9.0
9. 9
15. 1
50.4
13. 1
15.0
12.0

83.6
85.2
81.9
81.0
81.8
86.5
78.6
76.3
76.6
73.9

73.6
60.0
61.4
62.8
69.1
68.0
61.7
59.9
60.6
59.7

considerable and increasing quantity of agricultural exports reported as going to Canada are, in
fact, in transit, m ainly for Europe.
2 Includes United Kingdom, France, Germ any, Netherlands, and Belgium.
3 Fiscal years ending June 30.
Sources: Table 154 compiled b y D epartm ent of Agriculture and Table 155 b y the Bureau of Foreign
and Domestic Commerce, on somewhat different bases of classifying products as agriculture.

105496°— s

a

1923------ 12




152

AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS

No. 1 5 3 — AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES: A
V alue

an d

ctual

V alue

P r e w a r P r ic e s

at

[In millions of dollars]
Value at prewar prices representing
quantitative movem ent

Actual value
Calendar year
Anim al Vegetable
products1 products 2 Cotton

Total
1910-1914 3 _ _ _ _ _
1915-1919 average........
1015........................ .
1916________________
1917________________
1918________________
1919................................
1920........................ .
1921............... ................
1922................ ..............
19 2 3 ...................... .

1,033. _ 6 _
_
_
2, 429. 2
1,602. 7
1, 739. 1
2, 024. 2
2, 734 0
4, 045. 9
3, 418. 2
2,107. 2
1, 873. 8
1,812. 1

_

_

175. 1_
_
_
721.3
419.8
427.6
565. 1
974. 5
1, 219. 7
598. 7
385. 0
312. 0
360. 3

_ 305. 4
_
_
1,034. 3
760.1
761.4
880. 9
1,084.2
1,685.1
1,676. 8
1,186. 8
887. 3
643.2

_

551. 9
669,8
417.0
545. 2
575. 3
674 1
1,137. 4
1,136. 4
534 2
673. 2
807. 1

_

Total

Anim al Vegetable
products products

Cotton

175. 1
391.0
349.0
340. 1
304. 9
454 5
506.4
292.8
329. 2
272. 1
313. 6

305. 4
561. 7
609. 1
575. 1
449. 1
471. 0
704 5
602. 2
730. 8
658. 4
440. 2

551. 9
399.4
545.5
455.9
309. 6
2S4 9
421.3
397.5
417.4
394 2
342.9

16. 9
28. 9
23. 2
24. 7
28. 6
38. 2
31.0
22.6
22. 3
20. 5
28.fi

1,033. 6
1,353. 7
1,504.6
1, 374. 2
1, 065. 0
1,190. 8
1,633.8
1,296.4
1,476. 8
1, 326. 3
1, 098. 4

29. 5
41. 5
40.5
41. 8
42. 2
39. 6
43. 1
46. 5
49. 5
49. 6
40.1

53.4
29.5
36.3
33.2
29.1
22.2
25.8
30.7
28.3
29. 7
31.2

Percentage distribution
1910-1914 3
_
_
_
_
1915 -19 19 ....................
1915...............................
1916...................... .........
1917.__________ ____
1918_________ ______
19 1 9 ..............................
1920................. .............
1921________________
1922________________
1923________________

_

100
_
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

_

_

_

_

16.9
_
_
29. 7
26.2
24. 6
27.9
35. 6
30.1
17.5
18. 3
16. 7
19. 9

_

_

_

29.5 _
_
42.6
47.4
43. 8
43. 5
39. 7
41.6
49.1
56. 3
47. 4
35.5

_

_

53. 4
27.6
26.0
31.3
28. 4
24. 7
28.1
33. 2
25. 4
35. 9
44. 5

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

Source: Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce,
i Except w ool and hair, whieh are included in the grand total.
3 Except cotton.
3 Average for the 5 fiscal years.

No. 1 5 7 . — EXPORTS OF PRINCIPAL AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: A

ctual

V a l u e s an d V a l u e s a t P r e w a r P r ic e s

[In millions of dollars]
Value at prewar prices
(1910-1914)

Actual values
Item

19 10 19141

1920

1921

1922

1923

1920

1921

1922

Grand total3.................... 1,033. 6 3,418.2 2,107. 2 1,873. 8 1, 812. 1 1, 296. 4 1,478. 8 1, 328. 3
L ive animals...........................
M eats.....................................__
Eggs and d airy products____
A nim al fats and oils. .
Hides and skins. _____
Miscellaneous anim al prod­
ucts. ............................ ...
Bread grain s............................
Coarse grains............................
Rice...........................................
Fodders and feeds
______
Vegetables______ _______ _
F ruits.........................................
Vegetable oils, oilseeds, and
nuts........................ . . . .
C o ffe e .......... ..........................
Sugar and related products. .
Seeds except oilseeds.............
Tobacco.......................... ..........
Miscellaneous v e g e t a b l e
p ro d u cts.. .................... . .
Cotton. __________________
Wool and hail*........... .............

13.
62.
6.
84.
3.

1, 098. 4

0
7
1
8
3

18. 3
273. 4
94 7
199. 0
6.2

17. 9
150. 9
55. 1
150.4
4 .1

11. 4
134 9
34. 1
121.3
4 0

6. 3
150. 0
35. 8
158. 2
4 9

12. 2
138. 3
43. 2
92.4
2.4

24. 1
107. 7
59. 9
128. 5
44

14. 2
101.4
23. 9
124 7
41

9.4
132.0
23.2
141.1
5.1

5. 2
107.6
41. 3
.6
29. 5
5. 8
2a 0

7 .1
955. 8
92. 7
37. 5
20. 6
30. 5
82.3

6.7
599.4
138. 2
20. 7
26.4
17.5
68.4

6.4
340. 2
160.2
15. 5
22. 4
15. 3
74 4

5 .1
236. 1
62.3
12.9
21. 7
16.5
67.4

42
350.3
40. 0
13. 5
9. 6
13.9
36.0

46
374 5
116. 9
20. 4
18.4
12. 2
4 1.1

3.8
266.0
142. 9
15 .1
15. 1
10. 7
41.2

2.8
197.4
48.3
13.2
14 6
10.5
4a 3

21. 2
7. 3
9. 5
2.8
44 8

59. 4
9.8
110. 5
6. 6
245.5

29.6
5.9
58.4
4 6
205.1

15.4
5. 5
77. 3
4. 4
146.5

12 .1
6 .1
38.1
3.3
153.4

21.0
5.8
44. 0
3. 0
54 0

20.5
5.4
46.3
3. 5
59.5

16.3
4. 5
83. 6
3. 3
49.8

12.2
45
23.0
• 2.5
55.2

25.7
7.0
551. 9 1,136. 4
6. 3
1.3

12. 4
534 2
1. 1

10.3
673. 3
1.2

12.8
807. 1
1,5

11 .0
397.5
3 .8

10.0
417.4
1.4

9.6
394. 2
1 .8

10.fi
342.9
1.7

Source: Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
1 Fiscal years; other years, calendar years.
2 Totals include various minor item s not specified below.




1923

15 3

AGRICULTURAL GROWTH AXD PRICES

No. 1 5 8 . — COMPARATIVE GROWTH OF POPULATION AND AGRICULTURE
[No t e .
—R ural population is that outside of incorporated places (or certain New England towns) ]

Area (thousands of acres)

Population (thousands)
Census year

Total

.......... 23,192
I860
I860
........
31,443
18703.......................... 38, 558
1 8 S 0 ........................... 50, 156
1890
................. 62, 948
1900_____ _________ 75, 995
1910............................. 91, 972
1920______________ 105, 711

Rural

32, 950
35, 891
39, 313
41, 637
42, 437

A ll
farm
land

Per
cent
rural

65. 0
57. 0
51. 7
45. 3
40. 1

Im ­
proved
land

Number of
farms
Har­
vested Cereals1 (thou­
sands)
crops h 2

Average
acres
per
farm

293, 561
407, 213
407, 735
536, 082
623, 219
838, 592
878, 798
955, 884

113,033
163, 111
188, 921
284, 771
357, 617
414, 498
478, 452
503,073

1,449
2, 044
2, 660
4,009
4, 565
5, 737
6, 362
6, 448

202.6
199. 2
153. 3
133.7
136.5
146.2
138. 1
148.2

Popu­
lation
I860
1860
1870 s
18803
1890.. ___
___
1900
1910_______
1920_______

Im ­
R ural proved
popu­ farm
lation
land

35. 6
22. 6
30. 1
25. 5
20. 7
21.0
14.9

44. 3
15. 8
50. 7
25. 6
15. 9
15.4
5. 1

9. 5
9. 5
5. 9
1.9

Acre­
age in
crops

118, 806
140, 379
184, 982
191, 396
219, 031

of
Acres per capita of total Percentageof
to tal area
population
United States—

Percentage of increase over preceding
census
Census year

283,149
311,195
348, 552

Im ­
Acre­
Har­
age in proved vested Cereals
farm
cereals
crops
land

18.
31.
3.
14.

9. 9
12.0

2
8
5
4

1

4. 87
5. 18
3 4. 90
5. G8
5.68
5. 45
5. 20
4. 76

2. 37
2. 23
2. 43
2. 08
2. 07

3. 73
3.38
3. 30

Per­
cent­
age of
farm
Im ­
land
im ­
proved
land proved

Farm
land
15.
21.
21.
2S.
32.
44.
46.
50.

6
4
4
2
7
1
2
2

6. 0
8. 6
9. 9
15. O
'
18. 8
21. 8
25. 1
26. 4

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.
1 D ata relate to preceding y e a r.
3 A few minor crops are not covered,
3 It is generally considered that the census of 1870 understated the population in the South.
m ay also have been understated.

No. 1 5 9 . — COMPARISON OF PRICES OF AGRICULTURAL
PRODUCTS AND FARM WAGES

38. 5
40. 1
46. 3
53.1
57.4
49.4
54.4
52.6

Other data

AND

OTHER

[Index numbers, 1913= 100]1

Farm prices
Calendar year

W holesale prices, central markets

Crops

Live­
stock

(2
)
(2)

(3
)
(3)

( 2)
8 101

( 2)
( 2)

Export
Farm
A ll com­ prices
wages
All com­ modities of all
(with­
agri­
modities except
Farm
Food All com­
out
products products modities except
farm cultural board)
farm and food prod­
products products ucts 1
i

1890-1894__________
1895-1899 . . . ______
1900-1904__________
1905-1909 ______________
1910-1914 ______________
1913 ..................... ................
1914 ......................................
1915 ______ ______________
19 16. _______ ___________
1917______________
1918______________
1919______________
1920______________
1921______________
1922................
1923______________
Oct-Dec., 1923____

69
60
77

95

86
100

100

100

100

108

103
95

103
104
123
190
218
231
218
124
133
141
145

104

110

124
208
224
234
238
109
113
136
137

m

164
192
198
168
107
111

103
98

82
72
81
89

76
70
83
91
98

3 78
3 73

3 76

385
3 93
3 91

3 87

3 94
3 95

100
102

100

100

100

10 1

96

105
121
167
188
207

100

127

128
172
184
196
230
157
155
159

93
96
132
175
182
191
236
164
165
168

101

220

144
139
144
148

98
177

194
206
226
147
149
154
152

(*)

374

(2)

2 60
2 63
( 2)
( 2)

460
864
( 2)
C)

100

96
100

( 3)
( 2)

98
99
108
134
161
186
211
143
138
155

107
127
190
230
248
264
143
141
165

0

Source: Farm prices and wages from Bureau of Agricultural Economics; wholesale prices from Bureau
of Labor Statistics.
1 Export price index computed from comparison of actual value and value at prewar prices as shown in
Table 156. Base is years ended June 30, 1010-1914.
2 Not available.
s Average for 3 years.
3 Estimated.
8 Average for 1908 and 1909.
4 Average for 4 years.







FARM ANIMALS AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS
No. 1 6 0 . — DOMESTIC ANIMALS: N u m b e r

and

V alue

of

A n im a l s

F arms

on

For 1880,1890,1900,1910, and 1920 census enumerations; for other years estimates of the Departm ent
of Agriculture. Estimates of the D epartm ent of Agriculture and the census figures for 1920 are for J a n . 1,
census figures for 1880,1890, and 1900 are for June 1, and 1910 for Apr. 15; the difference in date affects the
com parability of the figures for all classes and especially for swine. Anim als of all ages are included]

[N o t e .—

[A ll figures, number and values, expressed in thousands; that is, 000 omitted]
Horses

Date

Mules

All
cattle

D airy
cows

Other
cattle

Sheep

Value of
all animals1

Swine

1880, June 1
1890 ...........
1900______ ________

10, 357
15| 266
18,267

1,813
2, 252
3, 265

39, 676
57, 649
67, 719

12, 443
16,512
17,135

27, 233
41,137
50, 584

42,192
40, 876
61,504

49, 773 :
57, 427
62, 868

2, 970,121

1901............... ............
1902...... ......................
1903______________
1904______________
1905____ ____ _____

16, 745
16, 531
16, 557
16, 736
17, 058

2, 864
2, 757
2, 728
2, 758
2, 889

62, 334
61, 435
61, 764
61, 049
61,241

16, 834
16, 697
17, 105
17, 420
17, 572

45, 500
44, 728
44, 659
43, 629
43, 669

59, 757
62,039
63, 965
51, 630
45,170

56, 982
48, 699
46, 923
47,009
47, 321

3, Oil, 253
2, 989,170
3,102, 516
2,998, 247
3, 006,580

1906.......... ............... .
1907___________ . . .
1908................. ...........
1909__ ____ _______
1910, Apr. 15_______

18, 719
19, 747
19, 992
20, 640
19, 833

3, 404
3,817
3, 869
4, 053
4,210

66, 862
72, 534
71,267
71, 099
61,804

19, 794
20, 968
21,194
21, 720
20, 625

47, 068
51,566
50, 073
49. 379
41,179

50,632
53, 240
54, 631
56, 084
52, 448

52,103
54, 794
56, 084
54,147
58,186

3, 675, 391
4,423, 697
4, 331, 230
4, 525, 259
4, 740, 684

1911................... .........
1912.................. .........
1 9 1 3 .................. .......
1914........ ............... .
1 9 1 5 ..........................

20, 277
20,509
20,567
20,962
21,195

4. 323
4, 362
4, 386
4,449
4, 479

60, 502
57, 959
56, 527
56, 592
58, 329

20, 823
20, 699
20, 497
20, 737
21, 262

39, 679
37, 260
36,030
35, 855
37, 067

53, 633
52, 362
51,482
49, 719
49, 956

65, 620
65,410
61,178
58, 933
64, 618

5,276,438
5, 008, 327
5, 501, 783
5. 890, 471
5, 969, 253

1916............................
1 9 1 7 ......................
1918______________
1919______________
1920______ _____ _

21,159
21,210
21, 555
21, 482
19, 767

4, 593
4,723
4,873
4, 954
5, 432

61, 920
64, 583
67, 422
68, 560
66, 653

22,108
22, 894
23, 310
23. 475
19, 675

39, 812
41,689
44,112
45, 085
46,977

48, 625
47,616
48, 603
48, 866
35,034

67, 766
67, 503
70, 978
74, 584
59, 346

6, 020,670
6, 735, 612
8, 284,198
8, 827, 894
7, 597, 326

1921______ ____ _
1922______________
1923______________
1924______________

19, 208
19,056
18,627
18, 263

5, 455
5, 467
5, 485
5, 436

65, 587
66, 059
67, 240
66, 801

23, 594
24, 082
24, 437
24, 675

41,993
41,977
42, 803
42,126

37, 452
36, 327
37, 223
38,361

56,097
58, 327
68,427
65, 501

6,051, 202
4, 815, 936
5,180, 725
4, 914, 507

1 Value of animals, shown in table excludes asses and burros and goats.

No. 1 6 1 . — DOMESTIC ANIMALS IN THE UNITED STATES: N u m b e r on F a r m s
AND NOT ON FARMS, AND VALUE OP THOSE ON FARMS, 19 1 0 AND 19 2 0
[N o t e .— B y

reason of the change in date of enumeration from Apr. 15 in 1910 to Jan. 1 in 1920, the figures
are not v e ry closely comparable]
On farms
Total num ber
(thousands)

Kind

Number
(thousands)

1920
1910
1920
! 1910
(Apr. 15) |(Jan. 1) (Apr. 15) (Jan. 1)
|

Value
(thousands of dollars)
1910
(Apr. 15)

1920
(Jan. 1)

X ot on farms
number
(thousands)

1910
1920
(Apr. 15) (Jan. 1)

4,760,060

7,623,089

| 63,683
A ll cattle...................... .
D airy cows................ . ; 21,796

68, 764
20, 896

61,804
20, 625

66, 653
19, 675

1, 499, 524
706, 236

3, 651, 970
1, 507, 513

1,879
1,170

2,112
1, 221

Horses, mules, asses, and
burros____ ___________ ! 27,618
Horses____ _ ______ 23,016
M ules_____________
4,480
Asses and burros____
122

27, 371
21,473
5,811
87

24,149
19. 833
4,210
106

25, 272
19, 767
5, 432
72

2, 622,180
2,083,588
525, 392
13,200

2, 569, 570
1, 782, 077
779,294
8,198

3.470
3,183
270
17

2,099
1, 706
378
15

35, 484
3, 564
61, 985

52, 448
2,915
58,186

35,034
3,459
59, 346

232, 842
6,176
399, 338

395,401
17, 565
988, 582

391
115
1,288

450
105
3, 638

A ll domestic animals

Sheep................................. i 52,839
G oats_____________ ____ ! 3,030
S w in e __________ ______
59> 474
i

Source: Bureau of the Census, Departm ent of Commerce.




155

156

FARM ANIMALS
No. 1 6 2 — DOMESTIC ANIMALS: N
[N

ote.

u m b e r on

F

a rm s,

—B y reason of the change in date of enumeration from June 1,1900, to
[A ll figu res in thousands]
Horses

Division and State

Mules

C attle

1900 1910 1920 1924 1900 1910 1920 1924 1900 1910 1920 1924
(June (Apr. (Jan. (est. (Ju ne (Apr. (Jan. (est. (June (Apr. (Jan. (est.
Jan.
Jan.
Jan.
15)
15)
1)
1)
1)
15)
1)
1)
1)
1)
1)
1)

U nited States................. 18,267 19,833 19,767 18,263 3,265 4.210 5,432 5,436 67,719 61,604 66,653 66,801
N ew E ngland____________
M aine_______________
New H am pshire..........
Verm ont_____________
Massachusetts...... .........
Rhode Island.................
Connecticut__ _______
M id d le A tla n tic .......................
New Y o rk ___________
New Jersey.....................
P en n sylvan ia...............
East North C en tral...................
1 Ohio................................
Indiana......... .................
Illinois....... ................. .
M ichigan.. ...................
Wisconsin.......................
W est North C en tral.................
Minnesota......................
Iowa.................................
M isso u ri____________
North D akota...............
South D akota________
Nebraska. .....................
Kansas____________
South Atlantic. __ _ . . ........
D elaware........................
M aryland ___________
Dist. of Colum bia____
Virginia. ___________
W est V irgin ia___ . . . . .
N orth Carolina.............
South Carolina_______
G eorg ia.........................
Florida............................
East South C en tral........ ..........
K en tu ck y______ _____
Tennessee ____ _____
Alabama ............ ...........
Mississippi.....................
West South Central...............
Arkansas .......... ...........
Louisiana............. . . .
Oklahoma___________
Texas...............................
M ountain......................................
M ontana____________
Idaho.. ........................
W yom ing. ...................
Colorado.............. ..........
New Mexico_________
Arizona............................
U tah ................................
N evada............................
P acific ......................................
W ashington ...............
Oregon. ......................
California........................

355
386
106
108
65
46
86
81
64
75
11
10
46
53
1,313 1,230
628
591
94
89
550
591
4,122 4,401
910
878
814
752
1,350 1,453
587
610
615
556
5, 672 6,794
753
696
1, 393 1,492
967 1,073
651
360
669
481
795 1,008
980 1,147
1,071 1, 111
33
30
155
149
1
1
330
299
180
185
166
159
80
78
127
120
46
43
1,188 1,145
452
443
352
350
153
136
229
216
2,239 ! 2,349
251 ; 255
194
181
521
743
1,269 1,170
1,325 1,427
330
316
170 ■ 198
136' 156
294
237
131
180
125
100
116
116
80
68
953 1,021
244
281
288! 272
421!i 469

305
285
94
88
-38
35
77
74
51
46
7
6
38
1
36
1,115 1,081
536
505
73
70
506
486
4,114 3,828
811
763
717
682
1,297 1,171
582
606
630
683
6,942 6,338
869
933
1,387 1,241
861
906
856
781
817
745
961
883
1, 083
958
1,039
966
28
25
141
135
312
288
169
159
171
163
70
78
101
89
37
39
1,046 1, 002
382
363
300
318
130
128
211
215
2,160 2,019
252
218
179
168
738
653
991
980
2,076 1,689
669
643
265
293
198
198
421
400
183
176
136
130
125
128
50
49
970
775
296
222
272
230
402
323

1

2

3
1

46
3
5
38
216
17
67
125
3
4
535
■ 8
56
284
7
7
55
119
555
5
18

1
62
68
4
7
4
6
44
55
259
310
23
32
82
100
148
168
4
6
3
4
716
847
6
10
56
82
343
389
8
8
12
15
83
100
208
243
749 1,079
6
9
23
33

47
60
97
11
12
15
136
175
257
117
155
220
207
295
406
14
23
42
851 1,004 1,250
191
225
293
254
276
353
192
247
296
214
256
308
939 1,286 1 1,685
175
222
323
144
132
180
113
257
337
507
676
846
27
49
86
3
4
0
2
4
8
1
2
3
7
15
31
5
15
20
4
4
12
2
2
3
3
3
2
95
92
101
3
12
23
7
10
14
85
70
63

1,607 1,337 1,320 1,342
257
301
271
339
164
162
227
168
430
502
435
468
252
216
228
286
34
34
31
36
195
174
217
179
68 4, 733 4,233 3,869 3,760
7 2,596 2,423 2,144 2,021
182
223
179
6
240
55 1,897 1, 587 1, 546 1, 557
313 10,532 e, 819 10,898 10,843
32 2,053 1, 838 1,927 1,930
101 1, 684 1, 363 1, 546 1,536
170 3,104 2, 441 2, 788' 2,704
6 1,376 1,498 1, 586 1,598
4 2,314 2,680 3, 051; 3,075
894 20,089 17,648 20,173 20,410
10 1,871 2, 347 3,021 2, 950
93 5,368 4, 448 4,558 4, 685
369 % 979 2, 561 2, 782 2, 856
744 1,335 1,339
657
8
14 1,547 1, 535 2,348 2,006
114 3,176 2,932 3,154 3, 314
286 4,491 3, 079 2,975 3,260
1,041 4,432 4,839 4, 703 4,952
54
55
47
51
9
299
288
283
33
293
1
1
1
859
886
910
97
826
620
587
585
15
640
701
645
631
260
625
434
390
417
213
343
371
899 1,080 1,157 1, 212
845
639
871
43
751
1,238 3,669 3,943 4, 550 4,207
991
278 1,083 1,001 1,093
912
997 1,162 1, 059
336
932 1,044
314
985
800
308
873 1,013 1,250 1,172
1,699 14,202 10,721 10,108 10,087
925
895 1,028 1, 073
328
805
804
793
670
180
337 3,209 1,954 2,074 1, 709
854 9,428 6,935 6,157 6,660
91 5,916 6,061 7,600 7,758
9
968
943 1,269 1,416
364
454
715
709
8
875
841
3
687
767
33 1,433 1,128 1,757 1,540
21
992 1,082 1,300 1,207
822 1,138
12
743
825
344
412
606
538
3
385
450
356
369
2
94 2,540 3,204 3,432 3,442
542
402
673
21
395
851
815
13
700
725
60 1,445 2, 077 2,008 2,085

Sources: 1900, 1910, and 1920, Bureau of the Census, D epartm ent of Commerce; 1924, D epartm ent of
Agriculture.




157

FARM ANIMALS
by

D

iv is io n s

and

S tates, 1900 to 1924

A pr. 15 in 1910, and Jan. 1 in 1920, the figures are not very elosely comparable]
[A ll figures in thousands]
D airy cows
1900
(June
1)2
years
old
an d
o ver
on
Ju nel

1910 (Apr.
15)
As re­
port­
ed (1
year
old
and
o ve r
on
Jan .
1) 1

2
years
old
and
o ver
on
Jan.
1

,

Sheep

Swine

1920 (Jan.
1)
1924
(est.
Division and
Jan. 1900 1910 1920 1924 1900
1910 1920 1924
State
2
(est.
1)1
1 year years year (June (A p r. (Jan. Jan, (June (A p r. (Jan. (est.
Jan.
15)
old
15)
1)
1)
1)
1)
old
old
1)
1)
an d and and
over over o ver

est.

T
17,136 20,625 17,125 23,724 19,675 24,875 61,504 52, 448 35,034 38, 361 62, 868 58,186 59,346 65,301 T . S.
893
174
115
270
185
24
126
2,603
1,502
157
944
S, 962
818
574
1,008
564
998
4,528
754
1, 424
765
126
271
513
676
1,383
33
147
1
282
206
233
127
276
79
1,264
364
322
279
299
1,635
313
185
277
861
330
45
52
18
100
17
18
66:
14
537
107
122
307

842:
157
101
265
172
23
123
2,588
1,510
154
934
4,830
905
634
1,050
767
1,474
5,328
1,085
1,407
856
259
370
614
736
1,811
36
167
356
240
309
181
406
116
1, 628
410
397
392
430
2,250
426
279
531
1,014
514
78
86
33
145
51
29
76
17
826
186
173
467

843 1, 082
923
431
243
699 1,016
177
362
397
384
299
217
214
420
206
119'
90
127
175
79
87
91
76
82
105
44
119
96
126
28 1
51
45
42
31
18
297
223| 346
290
385
119
63i
44
95
95
73
62
189
53
33
19
104
146[ 174
147
14 j
103
75
79
11
27
7
20!
25
21
3
3!
12
14
13
11
141
37
22 1
102
135
52
113
8
61
44
11
46 1,791 1,931
2,217 2.928 2,498 % 850 8,325 1, 844! 1.098 1,035!! 1,960
1,902
930 ' 579
1,293 1,730 1,482 1,628 1, 746
543 i 677
666
601
557
151
48
31
10
136
148
130
10 ! 175
147
139
133
886 1,071 1, 531
883
509
482 1,108
788 1,050
978 1,191 1, 212
4,014 6,082 5,051 6,210 11,216 9, 542 5, 073 4,920 16,047 14,461 14,183 15,183
759 1, 059
888 1,090 4,021 3, 909 2.103 2,115 3,189 3, 106 3, 084 3, 077
644
530
757 1, 742 1, 337
700 3, 763 3, 614 3, 757 3. 880
727
608
638
593 5, 915 4, 686 4, 639 5, 368
876 1,148
657 1,159 1,031 1,000
802
987 2, 748 2, 306 1, 209 1,171 1,165 1, 246 1,106 1, 165
636
967
930
480
341 2,015 1,809 1, 596 1,673
1,213 2,180 1,795 2,217 1, 675
4,396 5,485 4,509 5,971 4,964 5,065 4,950 4,470 24,427 21,282 21,715 30,685
590
871 1, 532 1,229 1,674
638
509
428 1, 441 1,520 2,381 3,800
1,154 1,094
898 1,206 1,057 1,146 1,092
928 9, 724 7, 546 7, 864 10, 539
715
662
793 1,087 1,811 1,272 ' 1,205 4, 525 4,438 3,889 4, 463
793
533
682
293
299 i 254
192
332
208
461
371
458
651
844
406
455
775
611
823 1,010 1,954 3, 029
307
337
696
294
521
517
587
511
573
660 4,128 3, 436 3, 436 5,223
438
723
262
272
361 . 299 3, 595 3,000 1, 733 2, 980
620
681
574
1, 507 2,012 1,673 2,092 2,699 2, 514 1,209 1,190 5,563 5,964 6, 536 5,017
41
12
8
31
38
33
3
47
49
44
3
39
162
196
191
237
103
302
306
143
189
96
318
299
1
1
1
1
1
693
805
342
944
305
418
426
355
946
798
655
358
969
930
207
210
220
510
504
443
328
305
181
316
302
365
214
911
!
82 1,300 1,228 1,271 1,159
253
355
290
72
24
149:
228i
38
619 ’ 665
845
569
229
18S
23
336
326'
484
519
188
72
63 1, 424 1, 784 2.071 1, 342
388
114
97
125
65
64
464
810
633
92
90
72!
755
1,345 2, 031 1, 678 2,057 2,423 2,496 1,318 1,248 6, 645 5,439 6,207 4,634
351
515
441
525 1,297 1, 303
708
701 1, 955 1,492 1, 504 1,109
795
364
333
495
415
480
496
326 1,977 1,388 1, 832 1, 373
314
491
317
143
82
394
516
86 1, 423 1,267 1, 497 1,089
195
164
530
536; 313
346
427
135 1,290 1, 292 1,373 1,063
1, 845 2,296 1, 882 2,33s1 2,454 2,194 2,909 S 3,368 6,402 7,022 5, 758 4,642
144
100
' 342
517
506> 257
952
416
81 1,713 1, 519 1, 378
220
17S
130
851
227
218
177| 220
116
788 1,338
665
62
432
560
549,
88
105
80 1,235 1,839 1,304 1,121
456
844 1,002
834 1,063 1,889 1,809 2,573 3,091 2, 666 2,336 2,226 1,904
884 26,966 22,770 13,207 16,989
641 1,193 1,666
423
754
620
400
64
194 6,170 5,381 2,083 2,370
49
99
270
153
128
167
172 3,122 3,010 2,356 2, 491
70
143
115
114
178
240
378
42
34
27
35
48 5,100 5, 397 1,860 2, 767
15
72
119
234
101
179
450
622
119
192
261 2, 045 1, 426 1, 813 2,360
42
46
47 4,899 3, 347 1, 640 2, 248
38
20
45
88
71
925 1,227
882 1, 155 ;
23
39
32
46
18
17
50
57
63
81
67j
64:
121
92 3,818 1, 827 1, 692 2,457
66
99
14
24
887 1,155
881 1,141
16
13
15
23
27
28
679 1,120
921 1,191 6,534 5, 592 5,026 4,964 1,061 1,190 1,441 1, 293
624
153
930
476
182
290
238
289
598
206
265
239
144
216
180
238 3, 040 2,699 2,002 1, 916
281
218
267
220
382
614
502
664 2,563 2, 417 2,400 2,450
598
767
909
834

I

N . Eng.

Me.
N. H.
V t.
Mass.
R. I.
Conn.
M id. A tl.
N. Y .
N. J.
Pa.

E. N . C.

Ohio
Ind.
XU.
M ich.
W is.

W. N . C.

M inn.
Iowa.
Mo.
N. Dak.
S. Dak.
Nebr.
Fans.
S. Atl.
Del.
M d.
D. C.
Va.
W . Va.
N. C.

s. c.

Oa.
Fla.
E. S. C.
K y.
Tenn.
Ala.
Miss.

w . s. c.

A rk.
La.
Okla.
Tex.
M ountain.
Mont.
Idaho.
W yo.
Colo.
N. Mex.
Ariz.
Utah.
Nev.
Pacific.
Wash.
Oreg.
Calif.

1 Number reported as living Apr. 15,1910, which had been born before Jan. 1,1909; that is, 15}^ months
old and over on Apr. 15, or 1 year old and over on Jan. 1, 1910.




15 8

FARM ANIMALS

No. 1 6 3 .—DOMESTIC ANIMALS ON FARMS IN THE UNITED STATES, BY AGE
AND SEX: J a n u a r y 1, 1920
Class

1 Number

Horses, total______________________ 19, 787,161
1.198, 236
Colts under 1 year ofage__....... ..
Colts 1 year old and under 2 years. 1,333, 480
Horses 2 years old and over_____ 17, 220, 900
Mares__ ____ ___________ 9,035, 949
Geldings_______ ___________ 8, 055, 590
129, 361
Stallions.............................. .
14, 545
Unclassified.....................................
Mules, total______________ ___ _____
Mule colts under 1 year of age..,_.
Mule colts 1 year old and under 2
years_______________________
Mules 2 years old and over............

5, 432,391

389, 279

Class
C a ttle —Continued.
Dairy cattle, total__________ _____
Calves under 1 year of age____
Cows and heifers 1 year old
and o ver........................ ..........
Heifers 1 year old and under 2
years_____ _____ __________
Cows and heifers 2 years old
and o ver__________________
Bulls 1 year old and over.........
Sheep, total____________________
Lambs under 1 year of age___
Ewes 1 year old and o ve r.........
Rams 1 year old and o ver____
Wethers 1 year old and over—
Unclassified................................

391,418
4,651, 694

Asses and burros.

72,491

Cattle, total___ ___________________

Number

68 , 652,559

31,364,459
6, 867,991
23, 724,148
4, 048,851
19, 675, 297
772,320
35 , 033,516

8, 925,815
23, 518, 631
808, 808
1,496, 576
283,686

Goats, to ta l.........................................
K ids under 1 year of age,
raised for fleeces......................
Goats 1 year old and over,
raised for fleeces......................
A ll other goats.......... ..................

3 , 458,925

Swine, total___________ ______ _
Pigs under 6 months o ld _____
Sows and gilts for breeding, 6
months old and o ver_______
Boars for breeding, 6 m onths
old and o v e r .- ........__..........
A ll other hogs, 6 m onths old
and o ver______________ ___
Unclassified.................................

Beef, cattle, total_______________ 35, 288,100
Calves under 1 year of age___ 8,607,938
Heifers 1 year old and under 2
years............. ......................... 3, 9S1, 205
Cows and heifers 2 years old
and over________________ 12, 624, 996
Steers 1 year old and under 2
years....................................... 4, 650, 347
Steers 2 years old and over___ 4,629, 778
725, 165
Bulls 1 year old and over.........
68, 671
Unclassified..............................

59,348,409
26,172,239

511,573
1,590,018
1,357,334

11,416,471
925,340
20,827,938
4,421

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.

No. 1 6 4 . — DOMESTIC ANIMALS ON FARMS IN THE UNITED STATES: A ve rag es
and R atios , A p r . 15, 1 9 1 0 and J an . 1, 19 2 0
[See headnote Table 162]
Item

Mules

Horses

Number:
19 10 .-.___ ______ 19. 833,113
1920. ....................... 19, 767, 161
Increase, 1910-1920:3
-65, 952
Number.................
- 0 .3
Per cent.. _ ___
Number o f farms
reporting:
1910....................... 4, 692, 814
1920...... .................. 4, 704, 235
Per cent of all farms:
1910.......................
73.8
1920.......................
73.0
Average number per
farm reporting:
1910.... ....................
4.2
1920____________
4.2
Average number per
1,000 acres o f all
land in farms:
1910____________
23
1920________ ____
21
Average number per
1,000 acres of im ­
proved land in
farms:
41
1910...... ................ .
39
1920-.......................
Average value per
head (dollars) :
105.06
1910____________
90.15
1920.....................

All cattle

Dairy
CW 1
O 'S

Sheep

Goats

Swine

4, 209, 769
o, 432, 391

61,803,866
66, 652, 559

17. 125, 471
19, 675, 297

52, 447, 861
35, 033, 516

2,915,125
3, 458,925

58,185, 676
59, 346,409

1, 222, 622
29.0

4, 848, 693
7.8

2, 549, 826 -17,414,345
14.9
-33. 2

543, 800
18.7

1,160, 733
2.0

1,869,005
2, 259, 746

5, 284, 916
5, 358, 243

5,140, 869
4, 461,296

610,894
538, 593

82, 755
107, 267

4, 351, 751
4,850,807

29.4
35.0

83.1
83.1

80. &
69.2

9.6
8.4

1.3
1.7

68.4
75.2

2.3
2.4

11.7
12.4

3.3
4.4

85.9
65.0

35.2
32.2

13.4
12.2

70
70

19
21

60
37

3
4

66
, 62

129
132

36
39

110
70

6
7

122
118

24.26
54.79

37.06
76.62

4. 44
11.29

2,12
5.08

6.86
16.66

i

5
6

:

9
11
124. 80 |
143.45 j

Source: Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.
i Dairy cows 2 years old and over Jan. 1; figures for 1910 are estimated. The number of dairy cows
actually reported in 1910 (1 year old and over Jan. 1) was 20,625,432.
* A minus sign (—) denotes decrease.




15 9

FARM ANIMALS
No. 1 0 5 . — DOMESTIC ANIMALS:

R e c e ip t s an d S h ip m e n t s
I n d iv id u a l M a r k e t s
[All figures in thousands; that is, 000 omitted]

at

P r in c ip a l

Total,
All
all
Total other . mar­
St.
Chi­ Den­ East Fort Kan­*Omaha Jo­
St. Sioux
9
St. Worth sas
Yearly average or year cago ver
markets kets
Louis
seph Paul City mar­ report­ re­
City
kets
ing1 port­
ing
CATTLE AN CALVES
D
Receipts:
1901-1905................
1906-1910.............
1911-1915............. .
1916-1920............ .
1920........................
1921........................
1922.......................
1923......................
Shipments:
1901-1905................
1906-1910.............. .
1911-1915.............. .
1916-1920................
1920.......................
1921...................... .
1922...................... .
1923............... .

3,486
3, 565
2, 957
3, 924
3,849
3, 540
3, 934
3,918

279
376
416
685
617
482
656
620

1, 069
1,170
1,081
1, 368
1, 254
1,077
1,400
1, 399

508
1,039
1,046
1,421
1,134
984
1,084
1, 258

2, 226
2, 570
2, 151
2, 828
2, 500
2, 469
2, 9S3
3,208

974
1,125
1, 062
1, 745
1,603
1,435
1,744
1,793

543
613
451
683
643
558
655
709

335
514
607
1,286
1, 373
985
1,387
1,349

365
409
443
739
752
620
747
759

9,684
11, 361
10, 214
14, 678
13, 725
12, 150
14, 590
15, 013

7,893 22,571
8, 472 22,197
7,637 19, 787
8, 627 23, 217
8,198 23, 211

1,214
1, 377
'891
1,017
1,247
1,163
1,137
1,105

C
1)
0)
0)
538
471
360
532
490

305
365
309
393
510
611
871
855

(!)
(i)
0)
586
544
412
467
463

0)
0)
0)
1,266
1, 209
1, 244
1, 534
1, 599

296
359
445
740
689
635
829
794

128
163
154
223
234
188
251
265

239
345
357
749
634
391
609
496

244
219
241
416
410
346
447
417

2, 426
2, 828
2, 776
5, 927
5, 948
5, 350
6, 677
6,484

3, 538 9, 465
3,883 9,831
3, 250 8, 600
3, 988 10, 665
3,576 10,060

4, 477
4,609
5' 317
4, 353
4, 005
4, 734
3, 874
4, 098

453
712
694
1, 857
2,079
1,468
1, 867
1,857

581
667
874
613
605
636
628
5(>
1

91
136
314
404
394
,357
325
386

1,122
1, 665
2, 044
1, 711
1, 687
1,780
1, 574
1, 671

1, 729
2, 292
3,107
3, 251
2,891
2, 753
2, 533
2, 970

692
673
793
832
843
931
730
979

680
605
725
665
729
633
499
454

51
83
286
404
358
288
223
216

9, 858
11, 4431
14,154
14, 090
13, 591
13, 580
12, 253 13,192

8, 747 22, 837
9,947 23, 538
10, 588 24,168
10, 111 22, 36-i
8, 833 22,025

1, 063
1, 228
1,088
1, 076
1, 202
1,352
1, 273
1,414

(i)
(0
(i)
1, 684
1,864
1,288
1, 693
1, 685

83
102
78
98
140
245
223
207

(i)
(i)
(!)
0)
0)
0)
232
658
204
623
485
207
244
558
554
231

831
1,190
1,412
1,703
1,474
1,124
1,094
1,288

188
156
183
233
228
200
154
226

522
469
534
472
416
298
176
194

25
40
76
191
160
98
69
80

2, 712
3,184
3, 656
6, 347
6,311
5, 297
5, 484
5, 879

5, 564 11,911
6, 252 12, 563
6, 036 11, 333
6,193 11,677
5, 851 11,730

7, 695
6, 963
7, 225
8,234
7, 526
8,148
8,156
10,460

139
229
258
382
341
334
395
495

1, 761
2, 215
2, 678
3,214
3, 399
3, 330
3, 606
4, 831

244
630
465
759
413
382
510
486

2, 540
2,899
2, 611
2,838
2, 466
2, 205
2, 655
3, 615

2, 297
2, 220
2, 540
3, 046
2, 708
2, 665
2,839
3, 649

1, 812
1, 845
1, 837
2,102
1,914
1,785
2, 061
2,457

756
884
1, 379
2, 220
2, 247
2, 210
2, 523
3, 338

1, 078
1,190
1, 520
2, 239
2,173
1, 739
1,856
2, 989

18, 273
19, 075
20, 512
25, 034
23,187
22, 798
24, 601
32, 320

17, 518 42, 552
18, 934 42,121
18, 303 41,101
19,466 44, 067
23, 010 55, 330

324
711
891
1,244
1,721
2,044
2, 378
2, 990

(i)
(i)
0)
^ 139
65
98
94
108

0)
0)
0)
478
602
486
588
889

131
218
393
754
710
695
613
869

98
68
121
201
330
267
355
455

48
340
135
198
424
419
827
884
342
879
690
511
482
666
609 1, 205

2,430
2, 968
3, 786
5, 823
6, 338
6, 983
7, 056
9, 597

7,894 13, 717
8,960 15,298
7, 726 14,709
8, 276 15,332
9,545 19,142

109
18
13
75
145
14
65
99
129
21
86
112
28
182
49
98
98
26
236
76
72
43
18
141
45
30
34
10
68
13
38
32
13
29
95
43
23
102
58
26
Source; Yearbook of the Department of Agriculture.
1 Figures not available prior to 1915.

45
38
34
25
19
7
9
17

25
26
36
35
30
12
16
15

449
416
547
625
401
186
242
302

568 1,193
324
725
. 131
317
201
443
242
551

SHEEP

Receipts:
1901-1905________
1906-1910............
1911-1915............ .
1916-1920................
1920.......... ...........
1921______ ______
1922..................
1923......................
Shipments:
1901-1905
1906-1910...............
1911-1915
1916-1920................
1920................... .
1921____________
1922.. ...................
19 2 3.....................
SWINE

Receipts:
1901-1905..............
1906-1910 ...........
1911-1915 . .
1916-1920.............. .
1920...................... .
1921.................... .
1922......................
1923......................
Shipments:
1901-1905...............
1906-1910...........
1911-1915................
1916-1920................
1920................... .
1921.......................
1922.......................
1923........................

1, 489
1, 638
1,439
1, 271
1, 657
2, 170
1,852
2,370

0)
0)
0)

26
32
22
28
102

HORSES AND MULES

Receipts:
1901-1905.. . .
1906-1910
1911-1915
1916-1920................
1920...................... .
1921____________
1922____________
1923_____ _____ _




9
8
7
10
10
5
2
3

14
16
14
22
23
7
8
15

160

FARM ANIMALS

No. 1 6 6 . — DOMESTIC ANIMALS: T otal R eceipts and S hipments at Nine

P rincipal M arkets (Same M arkets L isted in T able 165), 1901 to 1920
[All figures in thousands; that is, 000 omitted]
Sheep

Cattle and calves

Horses
and
mules

Swine

Year
Receipts
1901............ ..................... ...............
1902........ ........................................
1 9 0 3 ...............................................
1904.................................................
1905...................................................
1906.................................................
1907............